National Library of Energy BETA

Sample records for diverse animal populations

  1. Diversity waves in collapse-driven population dynamics

    DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

    Maslov, Sergei; Sneppen, Kim

    2015-09-14

    Populations of species in ecosystems are often constrained by availability of resources within their environment. In effect this means that a growth of one population, needs to be balanced by comparable reduction in populations of others. In neutral models of biodiversity all populations are assumed to change incrementally due to stochastic births and deaths of individuals. Here we propose and model another redistribution mechanism driven by abrupt and severe collapses of the entire population of a single species freeing up resources for the remaining ones. This mechanism may be relevant e.g. for communities of bacteria, with strain-specific collapses caused e.g.more »by invading bacteriophages, or for other ecosystems where infectious diseases play an important role. The emergent dynamics of our system is cyclic ‘‘diversity waves’’ triggered by collapses of globally dominating populations. The population diversity peaks at the beginning of each wave and exponentially decreases afterwards. Species abundances are characterized by a bimodal time-aggregated distribution with the lower peak formed by populations of recently collapsed or newly introduced species while the upper peak - species that has not yet collapsed in the current wave. In most waves both upper and lower peaks are composed of several smaller peaks. This self-organized hierarchical peak structure has a long-term memory transmitted across several waves. It gives rise to a scale-free tail of the time-aggregated population distribution with a universal exponent of 1.7. We show that diversity wave dynamics is robust with respect to variations in the rules of our model such as diffusion between multiple environments, species-specific growth and extinction rates, and bet-hedging strategies.« less

  2. Genetic diversity and population structure of disjunct Newfoundland and central Ontario

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Innes, David J.

    Genetic diversity and population structure of disjunct Newfoundland and central Ontario populations geographical range in Newfoundland for comparison with three populations from its central range in Ontario populations examined. The Newfoundland populations were as genetically variable as those from Ontario

  3. Social barriers to pathogen transmission in wild animal populations

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Loehle, C.

    1995-03-01

    Diseases and pathogens are receiving increasing recognition as sources of mortality in animal populations. Immune system strength is clearly important in fending off pathogen attack. Physical barriers to pathogen entry are also important. Various individual behaviors are efficacious in reducing contact with diseases and pests. This paper focuses on a fourth mode of defense: social barriers to transmission. Various social behaviors have pathogen transmission consequences. Selective pressures on these social behaviors may therefore exist. Effects on pathogen transmission of mating strategies, social avoidance, group size, group isolation, and other behaviors are explored. It is concluded that many of these behaviors may have been affected by selection pressures to reduce transmission of pathogens. 84 refs., 1 tab.

  4. What Darwin Didn't Know: Evo-Devo and the Origins of Animal Diversity

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    What Darwin Didn't Know: Evo-Devo and the Origins of Animal Diversity Daniel Medeiros Department; evidence for the unity of life · Very brief history of developmental genetics and EvoDevo · Three Evo for the unity of life · Very brief history of developmental genetics and EvoDevo · Three EvoDevo case studies

  5. Bayesian Inference of Multiple-Traits in a House Sparrow Population using the Animal Model

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Steinsland, Ingelin

    Bayesian Inference of Multiple-Traits in a House Sparrow Population using the Animal Model Ingelin- sidered in the further analysis. Hestmannøy (one of the study islands) Data ·Most house sparrows of six island are known. The Animal Model For bird i (i = 1, . . . , 1004): observed traits =fixed +genetic

  6. Exposing malaria in-host diversity and estimating population diversity by capture-recapture using

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Read, Andrew

    - and posttreatment samples, we show a complex milieu of parasites, including variants likely up- selected and down-selected by drug therapy. As with all surveys of diversity, sampling limitations prevent full discovery and differ

  7. The distribution and abundance of animal populations in a climate of uncertainty

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    The distribution and abundance of animal populations in a climate of uncertainty A° sa Berggren-term patterns. To better understand and predict the effects of climate change on the distribution of species provide: (1) a formal mathematical definition of distribution limits that is both operational

  8. Information and Diverse Populations Specialization Prior to Fall 2013 Core Courses

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Golbeck, Jennifer

    Information and Diverse Populations Specialization ­ Prior to Fall 2013 Core Courses: Must be completed within the first 18 credits of the program: _____ LBSC 601 Users and Information Context OR LBSC 605 Archival Principles, Practices and Programs OR LBSC 640 School Librarians as Information

  9. Animations

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The animations shown on this page are designed and meant to help understand basic geothermal concepts, and are not meant as exhaustive and detailed depictions of technical principles. Rather, they...

  10. A Comparison of Mortality Patterns in Human Populations Residing Under Diverse Ecological Conditions: A Time Series Analysis

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lin, Paul M.; Crawford, Michael H.

    1983-02-01

    During the last century, a number of epidemics have swept across the world causing similar mortality peaks in diverse human populations. In particular, the effects of the influenza epidemic of 1918 can be seen in urban and ...

  11. Genetic diversity and structure in two species of Leavenworthia with self-incompatible and self-compatible populations

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Koelling, Vanessa A.; Hamrick, J.L.; Mauricio, Rodney

    2011-01-01

    of two cedar glade endemic species, Leavenworthia alabamica and L. crassa. These species have self-incompatible (SI) and self-compatible (SC) populations and are therefore ideal for understanding how the mating system affects genetic diversity...

  12. Social and behavioral barriers to pathogen transmission in wild animal populations

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Loehle, C.S.

    1988-12-31

    Disease and pathogens have been studied as regulators of animal populations but not really as selective forces. The authors propose that pathogens can be major selective forces influencing social behaviors when these are successful at reducing disease transmission. The behaviors whose evolution could have been influenced by pathogen effects include group size, group isolation, mixed species flocking, migration, seasonal sociality, social avoidance, and dominance behaviors. Mate choice, mating system, and sexual selection are put in a new light when examined in terms of disease transmission. It is concluded that pathogen avoidance is a more powerful selective force than has heretofore been recognized.

  13. The Role of Population-based Diversity on Productivity: Considerations for Restored Spartina alterniflora Salt Marshes 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lee, Courtney T

    2014-08-13

    Plant genetic diversity can augment ecosystem functions in habitats with low plant species diversity. Salt marshes are typically species-depauperate, a condition that is exacerbated when marshes are restored with a single species such as Spartina...

  14. Hydrologic diversity in Santa Cruz mountain creeks and implications for steelhead population survival

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Peterson, Michael

    2012-01-01

    diversity in Santa Cruz mountain creeks and implications foroccurring in the Santa Cruz mountains and outlets in andto compare Santa Cruz mountain watershed responses to a

  15. Population dynamics and diversity of Synechococcus on the New England shelf

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hunter-Cevera, Kristen Rachell

    2014-01-01

    Synechococcus is a ubiquitous marine primary producer. Our understanding of the factors that determine its abundance has been limited by available observational tools, which have not been able to resolve population dynamics ...

  16. GENETIC DIVERSITY, POPULATION SUBDIVISION AND GENE FLOW IN MORELET'S CROCODILE (CROCODYLUS MORELETII) FROM BELIZE, CENTRAL

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dever, Jennifer A.

    , microsatellites, conservation Suggested Running Head: Gene flow in Morelet's crocodile populations Manuscript, New River and New River Lagoon, may form an important source for genetic variation for smaller. moreletii for other drainages in Belize and will be useful in optimizing future management programs for C

  17. Molecular Characterization of MADS-BOX Transcription Factors and Analysis of Field Population Diversity in the Maize Pathogen Fusarium verticillioides 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ortiz, Carlos S

    2013-04-10

    (FB1), the most prevalent fumonisin in nature, was first identified in 1988 and has been found to be toxic to human and animals. The gene cluster for FB1 biosynthesis and some environmental conditions responsible for the toxin production are known...

  18. Scanning the landscape of genome architecture of non-O1 and non-O139 Vibrio cholerae by whole genome mapping reveals extensive population genetic diversity

    DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

    Chapman, Carol; Henry, Matthew; Bishop-Lilly, Kimberly A.; Awosika, Joy; Briska, Adam; Ptashkin, Ryan N.; Wagner, Trevor; Rajanna, Chythanya; Tsang, Hsinyi; Johnson, Shannon L.; et al

    2015-03-20

    Historically, cholera outbreaks have been linked to V. cholerae O1 serogroup strains or its derivatives of the O37 and O139 serogroups. A genomic study on the 2010 Haiti cholera outbreak strains highlighted the putative role of non O1/non-O139 V. cholerae in causing cholera and the lack of genomic sequences of such strains from around the world. Here we address these gaps by scanning a global collection of V. cholerae strains as a first step towards understanding the population genetic diversity and epidemic potential of non O1/non-O139 strains. Whole Genome Mapping (Optical Mapping) based bar coding produces a high resolution, orderedmore »restriction map, depicting a complete view of the unique chromosomal architecture of an organism. To assess the genomic diversity of non-O1/non-O139 V. cholerae, we applied a Whole Genome Mapping strategy on a well-defined and geographically and temporally diverse strain collection, the Sakazaki serogroup type strains. Whole Genome Map data on 91 of the 206 serogroup type strains support the hypothesis that V. cholerae has an unprecedented genetic and genomic structural diversity. Interestingly, we discovered chromosomal fusions in two unusual strains that possess a single chromosome instead of the two chromosomes usually found in V. cholerae. We also found pervasive chromosomal rearrangements such as duplications and indels in many strains. The majority of Vibrio genome sequences currently in public databases are unfinished draft sequences. The Whole Genome Mapping approach presented here enables rapid screening of large strain collections to capture genomic complexities that would not have been otherwise revealed by unfinished draft genome sequencing and thus aids in assembling and finishing draft sequences of complex genomes. Furthermore, Whole Genome Mapping allows for prediction of novel V. cholerae non-O1/non-O139 strains that may have the potential to cause future cholera outbreaks.« less

  19. A Shared Population of Epidemic Methicillin-Resistant Staphylococcus aureus 15 Circulates in Humans and Companion Animals

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Harrison, Ewan M.; Weinert, Lucy A.; Holden, Matthew T. G.

    2014-05-13

    .org/misc/reprints.xhtmlInformation about commercial reprint orders: m bio.asm .org o n July 15, 2014 - Published by m bio.asm .org D ow nloaded from m bio.asm .org o n July 15, 2014 - Published by m bio.asm .org D ow nloaded from A Shared Population of Epidemic Methicillin... 00985-13 ® mbio.asm.org 1 m bio.asm .org o n July 15, 2014 - Published by m bio.asm .org D ow nloaded from alence of MRSA colonization of cats appears to be lower than that for dogs, with reported carriage rates of 0 to 4% (18), including 1...

  20. Animation Requirements

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Animations include dynamic elements such as interactive images and games. For developing animations, follow these design and coding requirements.

  1. TREE TRAILS Diversity Platform Statements and Resources

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    : Return to the list of diverse trees, plants and animals you observed earlier. Focus on the interaction a variety of habitats that support diverse, interdependent communities of plants and animals. Resources of the ecosystem organisms. (You may need to return outside to add to your lists. You may want to make a food chain

  2. Diversity Outlook

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2012-02-01

    continues; a special issue of Diversity Outlook will provide details. The Emily Taylor Women’s Resource Center and the Office of Multicultural Affairs, who now report to the Office of Diversity & Equity, are busy working on updating mission statements...:15, Sabatini MRC Feb. 13, 1:00, Centennial Rm, KS Union Feb. 16, 1:00, English Room, KS Union Read the KU ADA review here. DIVERSITY OUTLOOK • THE NEWSLETTER OF CAMPUS DIVERSITY FEBRUARY 2012VOL. 3 • ISSUE 6 THE SCHOLARSHIP OF DIVERSITY: A SYNOPSIS Students...

  3. Diversity Statement

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2012-02-14

    mechanism for increasing the diversity of its faculty. • Advertisement of positions. Positions are advertised in publications of ma jor professional organizations ...

  4. Diversity Outlook

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2012-01-01

    abroad to accomplish. For more information on this study see this link. DIVERSIT Y OUTLOOK • THE NEWSLETTER OF CAMPUS DIVERSITY JANUARY 2012VOL. 3 • ISSUE 5 LANGSTON HUGHES VISITING PROFESSORSHIP Tammy Kernodle, Associate Professor from Miami...

  5. Screen Animals

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    McMahon, Laura

    2015-03-01

    into the space of human fiction the particular charge of the real.11 These overt and visible links between animal death and film aesthetics mask a still more material yet less visible sacrificial economy at work. Pointing to the use of gelatin in the production...

  6. Hide / Show Animal Ethics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    New South Wales, University of

    . Administration B. Requested Modification C. Animal Use & Numbers D. Animal Housing E. Animal Location F. Administration B. Requested Modification C. Animal Use & Numbers D. Animal Housing E. Animal Location FHide / Show Animal Ethics Modification for Approved Application You are here: Animal Ethics

  7. Global Atmospheric Change and Animal Populations

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    contaminants. In the mid 1800s, with the advent of the industrial revolution, greenhouse gas levels started unabated since the beginning of the industrial age. (Courtesy of Hannes Grobe) Key Greenhouse Gasses Carbon

  8. Fermilab | WDRS | Diversity

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Diversity EEO EAP Diversity Equal Opportunity & Diversity Office FermiLINK Educational Programs Employee Assistance Program Volunteer Opportunities Affirmative Action and...

  9. Animal Testing Medical Research

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bech, Claus

    Arondsen Marit Gystøl #12;ZO-8091 Forsøksdyrlære Animal experiments in medical research NTNU ­ Norges ..................................................................................................................................................... 14 #12;ZO-8091 Forsøksdyrlære Animal experiments in medical research NTNU ­ Norges Teknisk have come from animal research. Animal research is defined as the use of non-human animals

  10. MULTISCALE ANALYSIS OF HYMENOCALLIS CORONARIA (AMARYLLIDACEAE) GENETIC DIVERSITY, GENETIC STRUCTURE,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pawlowski, Wojtek

    and propagules from upstream to downstream populations, resulting in increasing downstream genetic diversity (1989) hypothesized a downstream increase in effective population size due to the movement of seeds. Contrary to his initial hypothesis, however, Ritland found no downstream trend in allozyme diversity among

  11. Department of ANIMAL SCIENCE

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    of the Department of Animal science contributes to research-based knowledge on livestock, environment, bioenergy

  12. DMBC: Animated Gifs Demo: Animated .Gifs

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stowell, Michael

    Opacity o Effects · Save for Web o GIF o Looping Options Video-Based Gifs · Video Capture · Video as an animated .gif file through the Save for Web menu option, upload it to the server, and link to it from your the file as an animated .gif file through the Save for Web menu option, upload it to the server, and link

  13. The gene content of diverse choanoflagellates illuminates animal origins

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Richter, Daniel Joseph

    2013-01-01

    Flamingo cadherins also have HRM, EGF, and Laminin domains.a protein with Laminin_G_3, HRM, GPS and 7tm_2 domains andFlamingo Diagnostic Domains HRM, GPS, 7tm_2 Protocadherin

  14. Best Practices for Managing Organizational Diversity

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kreitz, Patricia A.; /SLAC

    2007-05-18

    In the twentieth century, ecologists and agriculturists developed an increasingly sophisticated understanding of the value of biological diversity, specifically the resilience and adaptability it brings to ecosystems. In the twenty-first century, the ecosystem model has been applied to human systems, particularly to understanding how organizations are structured and how they operate. Twenty-first century organizations are challenged by diversity in many arenas. Demographic changes in workforce composition and customer populations, combined with globalized markets and international competition are increasing the amount of diversity organizations must manage, both internally and externally. Many diversity specialists and business leaders argue that businesses and organizations interested in surviving and thriving in the twenty-first century need to take competitive advantage of a diverse workplace (Soutar, 2004; Yang, 2005). But to do so successfully, leaders and human resources (HR) managers must redefine management and leadership (Jones, 1989). Just as mono-cropping destroys biological diversity, and, in extreme cases, such as the Irish potato famine--human as well as natural ecosystems (Keohane, n.d.), so does mono-managing similarly destroy diversity within organizations. Leaders wanting to build strong, diverse organizations will not be successful if they rely on one approach or solution. Single-threaded diversity solutions, such as focusing only on recruitment or single-approach management techniques, such as requiring every employee to take diversity training, do not create lasting change (Kossek & Lobel, 1996; McMahon, 2006; Thomas, 1990). Bringing about the changes needed to build and sustain diversity requires commitment, strategy, communication, and concrete changes in organizational structure and processes. How, then, can managers and leaders develop diverse organizations and ensure that they are managed to take optimum advantage of diversity? What role should human resource specialists play in creating and managing diverse organizations? What are the best practices they should apply? The purpose of this review is to define workplace diversity, to identify best practices, and to identify how diversity management best practices can be applied in academic libraries. Finally, this review will provide a resource list for HR managers and leaders to learn more about those best practices with the goal of optimizing their organization's approach to diversity.

  15. Ecology and population structure of vibrionaceae in the coastal ocean

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Preheim, Sarah Pacocha

    2010-01-01

    Extensive genetic diversity has been discovered in the microbial world, yet mechanisms that shape and maintain this diversity remain poorly understood. This thesis investigates to what extent populations of the ...

  16. Producing computer facial animation 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Koehlert, Erik Wulf

    1998-01-01

    animation. A description of current state of the art provides current achievements by academic and industrial labs as well as individual artists. A tutorial focusing on modeling, texturing, and setting up animation controls for a facial model offers step...

  17. REPORT ON DIVERSITY

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    interests, and from diverse backgrounds and perspectives. TGS is committed at Northwestern and beyond. Recommendations made by TGS's Diversity Working Group in 2011 students into its doctoral programs. TGS piloted and subsequently adopted a number

  18. Diversity Outlook, Summer, 2012

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2012-07-01

    -American and Hispanic ball players who, in the years 1947-59, transitioned to Major League teams and later became All-Stars. DIVERSITY OUTLOOK • THE NEWSLETTER OF CAMPUS DIVERSITY SUMMER 2012VOL. 3 • ISSUE 9 THE SCHOLARSHIP OF DIVERSITY: A SYNOPSIS Over the past...

  19. Diversity Outlook, March 2011

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2011-03-01

    AT SYMPOSIUM. COMPLETE SCHEDULE: PAGE 2 Sylvia Hurtado SPECIAL EDITION 2nd Annual Spring Symposium on the Scholarship of Diversity March 29, 2012 8:30–1:30 DIVERSITY OUTLOOK • THE NEWSLETTER OF CAMPUS DIVERSITY MARCH 2012VOL. 3 • ISSUE 7...

  20. Supplier Diversity Advocacy Meeting

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pittendrigh, Barry

    APRIL 2015 EDITION UPCOMING EVENTS Supplier Diversity Advocacy Meeting April 7, 2015 Purdue Campus April 12-16, 2015 Atlanta, GA Contact: Publisher Office of Supplier Diversity Development Purdue University 401 S. Grant Street West Lafayette, IN 47907 Director of Supplier Diversity Development Jesse L

  1. Diversity: Our Commitment, Our Legacy SOM Diversity Strategic Plan 2014-2018 Diversity Strategic Plan

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nicholson, Bruce J.

    Diversity: Our Commitment, Our Legacy SOM Diversity Strategic Plan 2014-2018 Diversity Strategic Plan School of Medicine 2014-2018 #12;Diversity: Our Commitment, Our Legacy SOM Diversity Strategic Plan 2014-2018 School of Medicine Diversity and Inclusion Strategic Plan (2014-2018) Diversity

  2. Diversity Area Strategy Examples Diversity Blueprint Goal 1: Leadership & Commitment to Diversity

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Doty, Sharon Lafferty

    departments http://www.engr.washington.edu/advance/resources/ Embed diversity in central functions Diversity Planning UW Diversity Blueprint http://www.washington.edu/diversity/blueprint/ UW Libraries http of Public Health http://sph.washington.edu/diversity/climate/ Diverse business practices Business Diversity

  3. Diversity and Inclusion Guidance

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    All DOE diversity and inclusion policies, practices and programs must comply with Federal Equal Employment Opportunity laws, Merit Systems Principles, the foundation of the Civil Service, and not...

  4. Diversity Initiatives | Careers | ORNL

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    we are able to see the common threads running through our many cultures. Diversity Training All supervisors and managers receive Equal Employment Opportunity, affirmative...

  5. Diversity Outlook, August 2012

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2012-08-01

    stream_size 9099 stream_content_type text/plain stream_name OfficeOfDiversity&Equity_DiversityOutlook_Newsletter_August2012.pdf.txt stream_source_info OfficeOfDiversity&Equity_DiversityOutlook_Newsletter_August2012.pdf.txt Content... renewed excitement and energy as the campus comes alive with the spirit that makes KU a special place to be. I truly hope everyone at KU has an experience that is personally and professionally rewarding. In this issue, we highlight the new office...

  6. A Heterogeneous Animated Platform for Educational Participatory Simulations

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tomlinson, Bill

    by populations of 3D animated virtual creatures. When a human participant brings one of the mobile devices (a as an educational tool. Keywords: Human-Computer Interaction, Handheld/Mobile Devices, Virtual/3D EnvironmentsA Heterogeneous Animated Platform for Educational Participatory Simulations Bill Tomlinson ACE

  7. CREATING 3D ANIMATED HUMAN BEHAVIORS FOR VIRTUAL WORLDS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Plotkin, Joshua B.

    i CREATING 3D ANIMATED HUMAN BEHAVIORS FOR VIRTUAL WORLDS Jan M. Allbeck A DISSERTATION in Computer, and a scholar. #12;iv ABSTRACT CREATING 3D ANIMATED HUMAN BEHAVIORS FOR VIRTUAL WORLDS Jan M. Allbeck Norman I. Badler Creating virtual scenarios that simulate a substantial human population with typical and varied

  8. Animal representations and animal remains at Çatalhöyük

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Russell, Nerissa; Meece, Stephanie

    2006-01-01

    (Level VII). Volcano above town plan, leopard skin above geometric design, or other representations? Level VI paintings lack fully convinc­ ing animal depictions. A patch of painting on the east wall of building VIA.66 includes a number of geomet­ ric... the centrepieces of the north walls of two rather similar buildings. In a sense they parallel the situation in the faunal assemblage, where cattle are not terribly common, but figure prominently in cer­ emonial consumption (see Russell & Martin, Volume 4...

  9. Diversity Outlook, April 2012

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2012-04-01

    .” Elsewhere in this issue is a draft definition and the DEAC welcomes any feedback on that to fredrod@ku.edu. As always, thank you for your continued support. DIVERSITY OUTLOOK • THE NEWSLETTER OF CAMPUS DIVERSITY APRIL 2012VOL. 3 • ISSUE 8 THE SCHOLARSHIP...

  10. Diversity Outlook, September, 2012

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2012-09-01

    , but may also bring you new information on topics and issues prevalent on our campus today. Thank you for your continued support. As always, I welcome all feedback at fredrod@ku.edu. DIVERSITY OUTLOOK • THE NEWSLETTER OF CAMPUS DIVERSITY SEPTEMBER 2012...

  11. RESEARCH ARTICLE The importance of reproductive strategies in population genetic

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Provan, Jim

    .V. 2007 Abstract Knowledge of the levels of genetic diversity maintained in natural populations can play of the last century. A test for heterozygote excess at five nuclear microsatellite loci did not suggest of between-population diversity suggest that all subpopulations can be treated as a single management unit

  12. Environmentally friendly animal litter

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Chett, Boxley; McKelvie, Jessica

    2013-08-20

    A method of making an animal litter that includes geopolymerized ash, wherein, the animal litter is made from a quantity of a pozzolanic ash mixed with a sufficient quantity of water and an alkaline activator to initiate a geopolymerization reaction that forms geopolymerized ash. After the geopolymerized ash is formed, it is dried, broken into particulates, and sieved to a desired size. These geopolymerized ash particulates are used to make a non-clumping or clumping animal litter. Odor control may be accomplished with the addition of a urease inhibitor, pH buffer, an odor eliminating agent, and/or fragrance.

  13. INVESTIGATION Genetic Diversity and the Structure of Genealogies

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Desai, Michael

    INVESTIGATION Genetic Diversity and the Structure of Genealogies in Rapidly Adapting Populations the structure of genealogies and hence alters patterns of genetic variation within a population. Most analyses positive selection at many perfectly linked sites alters the structure of genealogies. We use this theory

  14. Animal Industries - 10 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Unknown

    2006-06-02

    Concentrated animal feeding operations such as cattle feedlots and dairies produce a large amount of manure, cattle biomass (CB), which may lead to land, water, and air pollution if waste handling systems and storage and ...

  15. A Bioenergetic Biomagnification Model for the Animal Kingdom

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gobas, Frank

    A Bioenergetic Biomagnification Model for the Animal Kingdom A D R I A N M . H . D E B R U Y N they accumulate dietary contaminants. Bioenergetic processes play a key role in chemical uptake and elimination derived bioenergetic parameters for a diverse suite of species, including herbivores and carnivores

  16. Diversity Events Calendar

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)

    Training, networking, and career-building conferences like the ones below are valuable ways to engage in diversity issues. Learn about upcoming events on the calendar below, and contact us at...

  17. The phylum Cnidaria: A review of phylogenetic patterns and diversity 300 years after Linnaeus

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Daly, Marymegan; Brugler, Mercer R.; Cartwright, Paulyn; Collins, Allen G.; Dawson, Michael N.; Fautin, Daphne G.; France, Scott C.; McFadden, Catherine; Opresko, Dennis M.; Rodriguez, Estefania; Romano, Sandra L.; Stake, Joel L.

    2007-12-21

    Systema Naturae includes representatives of every major lineage of the animal phylum Cnidaria. However, Linnaeus did not classify the members of the phylum as is now done, and the diversity of the group is not well ...

  18. Animation Requirements for the Web

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)

    Animations include dynamic elements such as interactive images and games. For developing animations, follow the Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy's (EERE's) design and coding requirements.

  19. Rituals Related to Animal Cults

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dodson, Aidan

    2009-01-01

    house votive cat mummies (Photo courtesy of Aidan Dodson). Rituals Related to AnimalGolden House Publications. Rituals Related to Animal Cults,

  20. Composting Large Animal Carcasses 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Auvermann, Brent W.; Mukhtar, Saqib; Heflin, Kevin

    2006-10-31

    and Kevin Heflin* Livestock producers and large-animal veterinar- ians face a growing problem in rural Texas?what to do with dead animals. Rendering services are getting more expensive and harder to come by, and just leav- ing carcasses to predators... set up a polyethylene tank to hold water and rig it with a float valve so that it stays ?topped off? and ready. If one of your stock tanks stays wet year-round, you can simply lay a suction line with a foot valve into the middle of the pond...

  1. Plants & Animals Insects (and

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Reece, Sarah

    . However, what looks like a team effort is in fact each animal jostling to get to the middle of the group model citizens, too. Unlike herds of bison or shoals of fish -- where individuals may appear to be team involved are united in a common purpose. Dr Andy Gardner, from the School of Biological Sciences

  2. Preventing Asthma in Animal Handlers

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    in Animal Handlers WARNING! Exposure to animals or animal products in the workplace can cause asthma cause asthma and allergies. The National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH) requestsALERT Preventing Asthma in Animal Handlers January 1998 DHHS (NIOSH) Publication No. 97

  3. Diachonic DNA Analyses of Animal Breeds and Populations

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Campana, Michael Gray

    2011-04-30

    parchment manufacture. Journal of Archaeological Science. 37: 1317–1325. CAMPANA, M.G., C.M. WHITTEN, C.J. EDWARDS, F. STOCK, A.M. MURPHY, M.M. BINNS, G.W.W. BARKER & M.A. BOWER. Accepted 2010. Accurate determination of phenotypic information from... …………………………………National Institute for Agricultural Botany (Cambridge) nuDNA………………………………………………………..Nuclear Deoxyribonucleic Acid numt………………………………………………...Nuclear-inserted Mitochondrial Sequence PCR………………………………………………………………..Polymerase Chain Reaction PTB……………………………………………………………N...

  4. SERVICE ANIMAL PROTOCOL Service animals are animals trained to assist people with disabilities in the

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Maxwell, Bruce D.

    that house equipment that may be harmful to animals. Areas where protective clothing is necessary- Will be in accordance with The City of Bozeman. Health- The animal must be in good health. Animals to be housed in University Housing must have a clean bill of health from a licensed veterinarian. Leash- The animal must

  5. The Amphimedon queenslandica genome and the evolution of animal complexity

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Srivastava, Mansi; Simakov, Oleg; Chapman, Jarrod; Fahey, Bryony; Gauthier, Marie E.A.; Mitros, Therese; Richards, Gemma S.; Conaco, Cecilia; Dacre, Michael; Hellsten, Uffe; Larroux, Claire; Putnam, Nicholas H.; Stanke, Mario; Adamska, Maja; Darling, Aaron; Degnan, Sandie M.; Oakley, Todd H.; Plachetzki, David C.; Zhai, Yufeng; Adamski, Marcin; Calcino, Andrew; Cummins, Scott F.; Goodstein, David M.; Harris, Christina; Jackson, Daniel J.; Leys, Sally P.; Shu, Shengqiang; Woodcroft, Ben J.; Vervoort, Michel; Kosik, Kenneth S.; Manning, Gerard; Degnan, Bernard M.; Rokhsar, Daniel S.

    2010-07-01

    Sponges are an ancient group of animals that diverged from other metazoans over 600 million years ago. Here we present the draft genome sequence of Amphimedon queenslandica, a demosponge from the Great Barrier Reef, and show that it is remarkably similar to other animal genomes in content, structure and organization. Comparative analysis enabled by the sponge sequence reveals genomic events linked to the origin and early evolution of animals, including the appearance, expansion, and diversification of pan-metazoan transcription factor, signaling pathway, and structural genes. This diverse 'toolkit' of genes correlates with critical aspects of all metazoan body plans, and comprises cell cycle control and growth, development, somatic and germ cell specification, cell adhesion, innate immunity, and allorecognition. Notably, many of the genes associated with the emergence of animals are also implicated in cancer, which arises from defects in basic processes associated with metazoan multicellularity.

  6. POPULATION AND COMMUNITY ECOLOGY Diversity Cascades and Malaria Vectors

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dyer, Lee

    Keesing2000).Forexample,incidenceof Lyme disease is positively correlated with species richness of good (Carlson et al. 2004, Om- lin et al. 2007, Howard and Omlin 2008); in partic- ular, in many highland

  7. Anim. Behav., 1995, 49, 12591267 Sustained vigilance and animal performance

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dukas, Reuven

    Anim. Behav., 1995, 49, 1259­1267 Sustained vigilance and animal performance REUVEN DUKAS & COLIN W the importance of sustained vigilance for animal performance, we present here a set of simple models cannot sustain vigilance for an extended period of time. The consequent vigilance decrement implies

  8. Emergency Animal Management during Disasters 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dement, Angela

    2006-10-23

    This publication explains how communities and counties can incorporate animal issues into their emergency management plans. It explains what local plans should include, what role county Extension agents can play, and how animal management plans can...

  9. A Computational Theory of Animation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kahn, Kenneth M.

    A system is proposed capable of generating narrative computer animation in response to a simple script. The major problem addressed is how to imbed into the system some of the knowledge that animators use when creating ...

  10. AUGUST 2014 REPORT ON DIVERSITY

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    ..............................................................................................................52 2 #12;REPORT ON DIVERSITY INTRODUCTION Dear TGS Colleagues & Students, I am pleased to share The Graduate School's (TGS) second annual Diversity Report, a document that helps us to benchmark our progress

  11. COMPARATIVE MEDICINE LABORATORY ANIMAL FACILITIES

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Krovi, Venkat

    survival surgery of USDA-covered animals include: BEB 311, BEB 313, and BRB 369 (sheep only). a. Note

  12. Journal of Animal Ecology 2004

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Laaksonen, Toni

    Journal of Animal Ecology 2004 73, 342­352 © 2004 British Ecological Society Blackwell Publishing, reproductive value, sex allocation, sex-dependent mortality, varia- ble environment. Journal of Animal Ecology manipulation in kestrels © 2004 British Ecological Society, Journal of Animal Ecology, 73, 342­352 van

  13. RESEARCH OR TEACHING INVOLVING ANIMALS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Victoria, University of

    Page 1 RESEARCH OR TEACHING INVOLVING ANIMALS University Policy No: RH8110 Classification: Research Approving Authority: Vice-President Research Effective date: June, 2014 Supersedes: December, 2010 Last for Conducting Research or Teaching Involving Animals Animal Care Committee Terms of Reference PURPOSE 1

  14. Pathology waste includes: Transgenic animals.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mease, Kenneth D.

    -takes" in the production of transgenic animals, and off-spring of transgenic animals. · Recognizable human anatomical parts specimens. · Human tissues that have been fixed in formaldehyde or other fixatives*. · Animal carcasses or tissues that have been fixed in formaldehyde or other fixatives*. * All tissues or carcasses that have

  15. Journal of Animal Ecology 2003

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gotelli, Nicholas J.

    Journal of Animal Ecology 2003 72, 1015­1026 © 2003 British Ecological Society Blackwell Publishing, positive interactions, rarefaction. Journal of Animal Ecology (2003) 72, 1015­1026 Introduction After Society, Journal of Animal Ecology, 72, 1015­1026 available to other colonizing species (Gallagher et al

  16. Journal of Animal Ecology 2005

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Trexler, Joel C.

    Journal of Animal Ecology 2005 © 2005 British Ecological Society Blackwell Publishing, Ltd Everglades, Moran effect, spatial synchrony. Journal of Animal Ecology (2005) doi: 10.1111/j.1365-mail: cruetz@sigmaxi.org #12;2 C. R. Ruetz et al. © 2005 British Ecological Society, Journal of Animal Ecology

  17. Microbial individuality: how single-cell heterogeneity enables population level strategies

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Martins, Bruno M. C.; Locke, James C. W.

    2015-02-05

    mechanisms. • Phenotypic diversity can implement population level functions. Much of our knowledge of microbial life is only a description of average population behaviours, but modern technologies provide a more inclusive view and reveal that microbes...

  18. Buckman Direct Diversion Project

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity ofkandz-cm11 OutreachProductswsicloudwsiclouddenDVA N C E D B L OBransen PlasmaEnergy, science,Buckman Direct Diversion Project

  19. Workforce Diversity Action Plans

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantityBonneville Power AdministrationRobust,Field-effectWorking WithTelecentricNCubictheThepresented in the7WorkerWorkforce Diversity

  20. Diversity | Argonne National Laboratory

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantityBonneville Power Administration would like submit theCovalentLaboratory |Sector Full reportTown Hall Program BookDiversity

  1. Developing a computational textiles curriculum to increase diversity in computer science

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Qiu, Kanjun

    2013-01-01

    The current culture surrounding computer science is quite narrow, resulting in a participating population that lacks diversity in both gender and interests. The field of computational textiles has shown promise as a domain ...

  2. Agricultural Biomass and Landfill Diversion Incentive (Texas...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    and Landfill Diversion Incentive (Texas) Agricultural Biomass and Landfill Diversion Incentive (Texas) < Back Eligibility Agricultural Commercial Construction Fuel Distributor...

  3. Diversity & Flexibility Key to Sustainability | Department of...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Diversity & Flexibility Key to Sustainability Diversity & Flexibility Key to Sustainability Plenary V: Biofuels and Sustainability: Acknowledging Challenges and Confronting...

  4. Why Hydrogen? Hydrogen from Diverse Domestic Resources

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    from Diverse Domestic Resources Hydrogen from Diverse Domestic Resources Distributed Generation Transportation HIGH EFFICIENCY HIGH EFFICIENCY & RELIABILITY & RELIABILITY ZERONEAR...

  5. Preventing Asthma in Animal Handlers Exposure to animals or animal products in the workplace can cause asthma and allergies.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    in the workplace can cause asthma and allergies. Animal handlers should take steps to protect themselves fromPreventing Asthma in Animal Handlers WARNING! Exposure to animals or animal products

  6. This article was originally published in the Encyclopedia of Animal Behavior published by Elsevier, and the attached copy is provided by Elsevier for the

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pinter-Wollman, Noa

    This article was originally published in the Encyclopedia of Animal Behavior published by Elsevier.) Encyclopedia of Animal Behavior, volume 3, pp. 308-314 Oxford: Academic Press. © 2010 Elsevier Ltd. All rights bridges the fields of animal behavior, population ecology, and conservation biology. For example, animal

  7. Population Composition of an Exploited Hawaiian Fishery 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cockett, Patricia Malamalama

    2015-05-26

    the islands of Nihoa, Kaua‘i, Maui, O‘ahu, and Hawai‘i to test for relationships between genetic diversity, population size, island age, and harvest pressure. Global estimates of genetic differentiation among islands are greater than those estimated with mt...

  8. Wave-swept rocky shores support a surprisingly diverse assemblage of organisms that includes members of virtually

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Denny, Mark

    Wave-swept rocky shores support a surprisingly diverse assemblage of organisms that includes members of virtually every animal phylum and both algae and vascular plants. In general, wave that hydrodynamic forces can play an important role in limiting the size of wave-swept plants and animals (Denny et

  9. Journal of Animal Ecology 2002

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Laaksonen, Toni

    Journal of Animal Ecology 2002 71, 23­31 © 2002 British Ecological Society Blackwell Science Ltd, cyclic variation in food abundance, differential mortality, reproductive effort, senescence. Journal@utu.fi #12;© 2002 British Ecological Society, Journal of Animal Ecology, 71, 23­31 24 T. Laaksonen, E

  10. Journal of Animal Ecology 2007

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Laaksonen, Toni

    Journal of Animal Ecology 2007 76, 1045­1052 © 2007 The Authors. Journal compilation © 2007 British-words: density effect, Ficedula hypoleuca, long-term trend, Parus major, timing of breeding. Journal of Animal@utu.fi #12;1046 M. P. Ahola et al. © 2007 The Authors. Journal compilation © 2007 British Ecological Society

  11. Journal of Animal Ecology 2006

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    He, Fangliang

    and Macroecology Group, Department of Animal and Plant Sciences, University of Sheffield, Sheffield S10 2TN, UK between species of different colonization status. Indeed, virtually all variation about the bivariate distribution, spatial variance, Taylor's power law. Journal of Animal Ecology (2006) 75, 646­656 doi: 10.1111/j

  12. Journal of Animal Ecology 2006

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Aberdeen, University of

    Journal of Animal Ecology 2006 75, 456­465 © 2006 The Authors. Journal compilation © 2006 British-words: correlated random walk, first-passage time, search paths, spatial scale. Journal of Animal Ecology (2006) 75-mail: h.bailey@abdn.ac.uk #12;457 Movementpatterns and foraging © 2006 The Authors. Journal compilation

  13. Genetic Diversity and Population Structure of the Arabian Horse Populations from Syria and other Countries 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Khanshour, Anas M

    2013-07-05

    as c testing usi lites analys enetic analy segments e 2 shows ified fragm ample of S are th tes s). the ng is, sis of an ent TR gen res Fig hom wit sou mic alle otyping in pectively. ure 3: An il ozygous...

  14. OFFICE OF SUPPLIER DIVERSITY DEVELOPMENT

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pittendrigh, Barry

    OFFICE OF SUPPLIER DIVERSITY DEVELOPMENT STRATEGIC PLAN JESSE MOORE, MANAGER August, 2005 Mission Statement Provide leadership and develop relationships that will result in Purdue's campus' supplier base is a recognized national leader in developing a diverse supplier base. All staff involved with purchasing

  15. Enclosure for small animals during awake animal imaging

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Goddard, Jr., James S

    2013-11-26

    An enclosure or burrow restrains an awake animal during an imaging procedure. A tubular body, made from a radiolucent material that does not attenuate x-rays or gamma rays, accepts an awake animal. A proximal end of the body includes an attachment surface that corresponds to an attachment surface of an optically transparent and optically uniform window. An anti-reflective coating may be applied to an inner surface, an outer surface, or both surfaces of the window. Since the window is a separate element of the enclosure and it is not integrally formed as part of the body, it can be made with optically uniform thickness properties for improved motion tracking of markers on the animal with a camera during the imaging procedure. The motion tracking information is then used to compensate for animal movement in the image.

  16. Population Structure, Association Mapping of Economic Traits and Landscape Genomics of East Texas Loblolly Pine ( Pinus taeda L.) 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chhatre, Vikram E.

    2013-05-07

    in forest trees. First-generation selection (FGS) and second- generation selection (SGS) breeding populations of loblolly pine from east Texas were studied to estimate the genetic diversity, population structure, linkage disequilibrium (LD), signatures...

  17. Environmentally-friendly animal litter

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Boxley, Chett; McKelvie, Jessica

    2012-08-28

    An animal litter composition including geopolymerized ash particulates having a network of repeating aluminum-silicon units is described herein. Generally, the animal litter is made from a quantity of a pozzolanic ash mixed with a sufficient quantity of water and an alkaline activator to initiate a geopolymerization reaction that forms geopolymerized ash. After the geopolymerized ash is formed, it is dried, broken into particulates, and sieved to a desired size. These geopolymerized ash particulates are used to make a non-clumping or clumping animal litter. Odor control is accomplished with the addition of a urease inhibitor, pH buffer, an odor eliminating agent, and/or fragrance.

  18. Environmentally-friendly animal litter

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Boxley, Chett; McKelvie, Jessica

    2013-09-03

    An animal litter composition that includes geopolymerized ash particulates having a network of repeating aluminum-silicon units is described herein. Generally, the animal litter is made from a quantity of a pozzolanic ash mixed with an alkaline activator to initiate a geopolymerization reaction that forms geopolymerized ash. This geopolymerization reaction may occur within a pelletizer. After the geopolymerized ash is formed, it may be dried and sieved to a desired size. These geopolymerized ash particulates may be used to make a non-clumping or clumping animal litter or other absorbing material. Aluminum sulfate, clinoptilolite, silica gel, sodium alginate and mineral oil may be added as additional ingredients.

  19. Genetic analysis in the Collaborative Cross breeding population

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Philip, Vivek [University of Tennessee, Knoxville (UTK); Sokoloff, Greta [ORNL; Ackert-Bicknell, Cheryl [Jackson Laboratory, The, Bar Harbor, ME; Striz, Martin [University of Kentucky, Lexington; Branstetter, Lisa R [ORNL; Beckmann, Melissa [ORNL; Spence, Jason S [ORNL; Jackson, Barbara L [ORNL; Galloway, Leslie D [ORNL; Barker, Gene [ORNL; Wymore, Ann M [Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL); Hunsicker, Patricia R [ORNL; Durtschi, David W [University of Kentucky, Lexington; Shaw, Ginger S [University of Kentucky, Lexington; Shinpock, Sarah G [ORNL; Manly, Kenneth F [University of Kentucky, Lexington; Miller, Darla R [ORNL; Donahue, Kevin [University at Buffalo, NY; Culiat, Cymbeline T [ORNL; Churchill, Gary A [Jackson Laboratory, The, Bar Harbor, ME; Lariviere, William R [University of Pittsburgh; Palmer, Abraham [University of Chicago; O'Hara, Bruce [University of Kentucky; Voy, Brynn H [ORNL; Chesler, Elissa J [ORNL

    2011-01-01

    Genetic reference populations in model organisms are critical resources for systems genetic analysis of disease related phenotypes. The breeding history of these inbred panels may influence detectable allelic and phenotypic diversity. The existing panel of common inbred strains reflects historical selection biases, and existing recombinant inbred panels have low allelic diversity. All such populations may be subject to consequences of inbreeding depression. The Collaborative Cross (CC) is a mouse reference population with high allelic diversity that is being constructed using a randomized breeding design that systematically outcrosses eight founder strains, followed by inbreeding to obtain new recombinant inbred strains. Five of the eight founders are common laboratory strains, and three are wild-derived. Since its inception, the partially inbred CC has been characterized for physiological, morphological, and behavioral traits. The construction of this population provided a unique opportunity to observe phenotypic variation as new allelic combinations arose through intercrossing and inbreeding to create new stable genetic combinations. Processes including inbreeding depression and its impact on allelic and phenotypic diversity were assessed. Phenotypic variation in the CC breeding population exceeds that of existing mouse genetic reference populations due to both high founder genetic diversity and novel epistatic combinations. However, some focal evidence of allele purging was detected including a suggestive QTL for litter size in a location of changing allele frequency. Despite these inescapable pressures, high diversity and precision for genetic mapping remain. These results demonstrate the potential of the CC population once completed and highlight implications for development of related populations. Supplementary material consists of Supplementary Table 1 Phenotypic means, variances, ranges and heritabilities for all traits and generations, Supplementary Table 2, all phenotypic values, Supplementary Table 3, multiple QTL mapping.

  20. 2nd Edition Institutional Animal

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rau, Don C.

    2nd Edition 2002 Institutional Animal Care and Use Committee Guidebook #12;2nd Edition 2002 ....................................................................... 83 C.1. Fundamental Issues .............................................................. 85 C.2. Agricultural Research............................................... 121 C.3.b. Antibody Production

  1. COMPARATIVE MEDICINE LABORATORY ANIMAL FACILITIES

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Krovi, Venkat

    IN ANIMAL BIOSAFETY SUITE ROOM 305 BEB 1.0 Purpose: The Biosafety suite is designed as a Bio and principal investigator personnel entering Suite 305 BEB. 3.0 Procedure: 3.1. Procedures within 305 suite. A

  2. COMPARATIVE MEDICINE LABORATORY ANIMAL FACILITIES

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Krovi, Venkat

    , ENTRY, AND EXIT PROCEDURES FOR THE ANIMAL BIOSAFETY SUITE ROOM 305 BEB 1.0 Purpose: The Biosafety suite and principal investigator personnel entering Suite 305 BEB. 3.0 Procedure: 3.1 Access Requirements: A. The ABSL

  3. Economy Through Product Diversity: Integrated Biorefineries ...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Economy Through Product Diversity: Integrated Biorefineries Economy Through Product Diversity: Integrated Biorefineries Achieving national energy and climate goals will require an...

  4. Peptoid Nanosheets Offer a Diversity of Functionalities

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Peptoid Nanosheets Offer a Diversity of Functionalities Peptoid Nanosheets Offer a Diversity of Functionalities Print Wednesday, 29 April 2015 00:00 Researchers at the ALS have...

  5. Clonal Diversity in an Expanding Community of Arctic Salix spp. and a Model for Recruitment Modes of Arctic Plants

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Goldsmith, Greg

    Clonal Diversity in an Expanding Community of Arctic Salix spp. and a Model for Recruitment Modes identity in a population of Salix spp. shrubs at an arctic site with a known history of woody shrub

  6. Population Analysis, Fall 2005 1 Population Analyses

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Clark, William R.

    Population Analysis, Fall 2005 1 Population Analyses EEOB/AEcl 611 Fall Semester 2005 Scheduled's, including MARK, SAS, DISTANCE, and others. We'll often use the "recitation session" to get you started Cooch and Gary White #12;Population Analysis, Fall 2005 2 2001) that can also be downloaded from Evan

  7. Journal of Animal Ecology 2004

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Reynolds, John D.

    of distribution due to thermal stratification during the summer. However, plaice from the northern North Sea did, spatial dynamics, thermal stratification. Journal of Animal Ecology (2004) 73, 377­385 Introduction Long non-breeding season. Two clusters were in warm, thermally mixed water in the eastern and western North

  8. Office of Inclusion & Diversity Leadership Diversity Notes, September, 2013

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Arnold, Jonathan

    ://www.franklin.uga.edu/diversity/announcements/2013-08-21__1__Coker__Karen__Faculty- Recruit-Toolkit-aug2013.pdf). Please review for information." "The unit which appoints the primary (recruited) tenured or tenure track faculty member provides, the unit which appoints the secondary faculty member provides a minimum of one-third of his/her salary

  9. Biochemical diversity of betaines in earthworms

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Liebeke, Manuel [Department of Surgery and Cancer, Imperial College London, Sir Alexander Fleming Building, London SW7 2AZ (United Kingdom)] [Department of Surgery and Cancer, Imperial College London, Sir Alexander Fleming Building, London SW7 2AZ (United Kingdom); Bundy, Jacob G., E-mail: j.bundy@imperial.ac.uk [Department of Surgery and Cancer, Imperial College London, Sir Alexander Fleming Building, London SW7 2AZ (United Kingdom)

    2013-01-25

    Highlights: ? We develop a method for rapid untargetted analysis of betaines. ? We profile betaines in a comparative study of ten earthworm species. ? Earthworms contain a surprisingly high number of different betaine metabolites. ? Earthworms contain betaines normally seen only in plants or marine animals. -- Abstract: The ability to accumulate osmoprotectant compounds, such as betaines, is an important evolutionary feature in many organisms. This is particularly the case for organisms that live in variable environments, which may have fluctuations in moisture and salinity levels. There is, surprisingly, very little known about betaines in soil invertebrates in general, and there is almost no information about earthworms – a group that are important ‘ecosystem engineers’ and key indicators of soil health. Here, we describe a fast and reliable {sup 1}H–{sup 13}C heteronuclear single quantum coherence (HSQC) 2D NMR approach for the metabolic profiling of a series of betaines and related metabolites in tissue extracts, and list {sup 1}H and {sup 13}C chemical shifts for the trimethylammonium signal for 23 such compounds. The analysis of ten different species from three different families (Lumbricidae, Megascolecidae and Glossoscolecidae) showed an unexpected diversity of betaines present in earthworms. In total ten betaines were identified, including hydroxyproline-betaine, proline-betaine, taurine-betaine, GABA-betaine and histidine-betaine, and a further eleven as-yet unassigned putative betaine metabolites detected. The findings clearly indicate a hitherto-unappreciated important role for betaine metabolism in earthworms.

  10. NARRATIVES OF DIVERSITY: ENCOURAGING CULTURAL

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Qiu, Weigang

    professionals, including faculty and students of the health professions.The aim of the Narratives of Diversity of health professions faculty and students, as well as health care professionals, in the use,HunterCollege,City Universityof NewYork is an approvedproviderof continuingnursingeducation by theNew Jersey

  11. Microbial Eukaryote Diversity and Biogeography

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Caron, David

    Microbial Eukaryote Diversity and Biogeography Recent insights into protistan ecology are fueling to include the protists, those single-celled eukaryotes that play fundamental roles in energy flow and ele, University of South- ern California, Los Angeles. Volume 4, Number 2, 2009 / Microbe Y 71 #12;eages have also

  12. Secure Symmetrical Multilevel Diversity Coding 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Li, Shuo

    2012-07-16

    Secure symmetrical multilevel diversity coding (S-SMDC) is a source coding problem, where a total of L - N discrete memoryless sources (S1,...,S_L-N) are to be encoded by a total of L encoders. This thesis considers a natural generalization of SMDC...

  13. July 21, 2011 Recruitment & Diversity

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    · Degree sheet · Please send edits by July 26th · Update your Website and Catalog · http://www.me.vt.edu/academic_programs 2-3:15pmAgenda 2-3:15pm· Summit I update · Marketing of our graduate programs · Degree sheet · Diversity Scholars · Coordinated School Visits Program · Calendar/Map · Preview Weekend · Announcements #12

  14. Phytoplankton Diversity and Taxonomy Introduction

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jochem, Frank J.

    energy to an energy form usable by themselves and, in turn, by other marine consumers. Their importanceLab 4: Phytoplankton Diversity and Taxonomy Introduction Photosynthetic marine organisms, as the primary producers of the marine ecosystem, are the first link in the marine food web. They convert solar

  15. Controlling endemic disease in cattle populations: current challenges and future opportunities 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gates, Maureen Carolyn

    2014-06-28

    The British cattle population hosts a diverse community of endemic pathogens that impact the sustainability of beef and dairy production. As such, there has been a tremendous amount of ongoing research to develop more ...

  16. From population dynamics to ecoinformatics: Ecosystems as multilevel information processing systems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Utrecht, Universiteit

    From population dynamics to ecoinformatics: Ecosystems as multilevel information processing systems which lead to viewing ecosystems in terms of local multilevel information processing and evolution. We of information processing, and under which circumstances these modes may be favored. Ecosystem diversity

  17. Population Genomics of Early Events in the Ecological Differentiation of Bacteria

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shapiro, B. J.

    Genetic exchange is common among bacteria, but its effect on population diversity during ecological differentiation remains controversial. A fundamental question is whether advantageous mutations lead to selection of clonal ...

  18. Interactive crayon rendering for animation 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Halstead, Howard John IV

    2006-04-12

    graphics community: non-photorealistic ren- dering. But what exactly is non-photorealistic rendering (NPR)? Confusion arises due to the fact that NPR is defined in terms of what it is not: photorealistic rendering. The goal of non-photorealistic rendering...-photorealistic rendering in terms of the images it pro- duces. Research in non-photorealism has produced images that emulate watercolor, oil paints, pen-and-ink illustrations, pencil renderings, technical illustration, and cel animation among others. Many NPR systems...

  19. Journal of Animal Ecology 2006

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gillingham, Michael

    British Columbia, 3333 University Way, Prince George, BC, Canada, V2N 4Z9; and *Ministry of Environment, 4051 18th Avenue, Prince George, BC, Canada, V2N 1B3 Summary 1. Johnson et al. (Journal of Animal, Prince George, BC, V2N 4Z9, Canada. E-mail: johnsoch@unbc.ca #12;304 C. J. Johnson et al. © 2006

  20. Report of the second Human Genome Diversity workshop

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    1992-12-31

    The Second Human Genome Diversity Workshop was successfully held at Penn State University from October 29--31, 1992. The Workshop was essentially organized around 7 groups, each comprising approximately 10 participants, representing the sampling issues in different regions of the world. These groups worked independently, using a common format provided by the organizers; this was adjusted as needed by the individual groups. The Workshop began with a presentation of the mandate to the participants, and of the procedures to be followed during the workshop. Dr. Feldman presented a summary of the results from the First Workshop. He and the other organizers also presented brief comments giving their perspective on the objectives of the Second Workshop. Dr. Julia Bodmer discussed the study of European genetic diversity, especially in the context of the HLA experience there, and of plans to extend such studies in the coming years. She also discussed surveys of world HLA laboratories in regard to resources related to Human Genome Diversity. Dr. Mark Weiss discussed the relevance of nonhuman primate studies for understanding how demographic processes, such as mate exchange between local groups, affected the local dispersion of genetic variation. Primate population geneticists have some relevant experience in interpreting variation at this local level, in particular, with various DNA fingerprinting methods. This experience may be relevant to the Human Genome Diversity Project, in terms of practical and statistical issues.

  1. The use of vasectomy in stray cat population control 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mahlow, Jane Caryl

    1995-01-01

    : Margaret R. Slater (Chair of committee) Harry . Soothe (Member) Leon H. Russell (Member) Gerald Bratton (Head of Department) May 1995 Major Subject: Veterinary public Health ABSTRACT The Use of Vasectomy in Stray Cat Population Control. (May... 1995) Jane Caryl Mahlow, B. S. , College of St. Francis; D. V. M. , University of Illinois Chair of Advisory Committee: Dr. Margaret R. Slater Despite concerted efforts by animal control agencies and animal welfare advocates, stray cats continue...

  2. Cooperative Diversity Routing in Wireless Networks

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    Cooperative Diversity Routing in Wireless Networks Mostafa Dehghan and Majid Ghaderi Department routing, cooperative commu- nication, cooperative diversity, wireless networks. I. INTRODUCTION Energy efficiency is a challenging problem in wireless networks, especially in ad hoc and sensor networks, where

  3. Aquatic microenvironments in bacterial ecology and diversity

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hunt, Dana E., Ph. D. Massachusetts Institute of Technology

    2008-01-01

    Molecular surveys have revealed tremendous bacterial diversity in the world's oceans; yet how do these diverse bacteria with the same essential nutrient requirements co-exist in the same environment? This study examines ...

  4. EERE Small Business Innovation Research Diversity Initiative

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)

    EERE SBIR seeks to increase the diversity of our applicant pool in general. We focus on Women-Owned and Minority-Owned small business concerns (SBCs) because they are an excellent diversity indicator.

  5. Diversity

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    between employee affinity and resource groups and agency leadership. Conduct multi-day orientation program in which a high level official and functional areas (or...

  6. Diversity

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of Natural GasAdjustmentsShirleyEnergy A plug-in electricLaboratoryof EnergyWASHINGTON,Response to the City ofGuidance

  7. diversity

    National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of NaturalDukeWakefield Municipal GasAdministration Medal01 Sandia4)9 Federal RegisterStorm1 3446 YEAR/%2A en2/%2A en NSC

  8. Diversity employment and recruitment sources

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1994-08-01

    Effective human resources management has been identified as one of four critical success factors in the Department of Energy Strategic Plan. The Plan states relative to this factor: ``The Department seeks greater alignment of resources with agency priorities and increased diversification of the workforce, including gender, ethnicity, age, and skills. This diversification will bring new thinking and perspectives that heretofore have not had a voice in departmental decision-making.`` This Guide has been developed as a key tool to assist Department of Energy management and administrative staff in achieving Goal 2 of this critical success factor, which is to ``Ensure a diverse and talented workforce.`` There are numerous sources from which to recruit minorities, women and persons with disabilities. Applying creativity and proactive effort, using traditional and non-traditional approaches, and reaching out to various professional, academic and social communities will increase the reservoir of qualified candidates from which to make selections. In addition, outreach initiatives will undoubtedly yield further benefits such as a richer cultural understanding and diversity awareness. The resource listings presented in this Guide are offered to encourage active participation in the diversity recruitment process. This Guide contains resource listings by state for organizations in the following categories: (1) African American Recruitment Sources; (2) Asian American/Pacific Islander Recruitment Sources; (3) Hispanic Recruitment Sources; (4) Native American/Alaskan Native Recruitment Sources; (5) Persons with Disabilities Recruitment Sources; and (6) Women Recruitment Sources.

  9. Animal madness : a natural history of disorder

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Braitman, Laurel

    2013-01-01

    Beginning in the late 19 th century, changing conceptions of relatedness between people and other animals -- and animals' assumed capacities for, or susceptibilities to, mental or emotional distress-- were influenced by ...

  10. Diversity Outlook Special Edition,March 2013

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2013-03-01

    .S. Supreme Court in 2003. REGISTRATION REQUIRED, ONLINE AT SYMPOSIUM; more on pg. 2 DIVERSITY OUTLOOK • THE NEWSLETTER OF CAMPUS DIVERSITY MARCH 2013VOL. 4 • ISSUE 8 REGISTER FOR MARCH 28 SYMPOSIUM ONLINE AT WWW.DIVERSITY.KU.EDU Thursday, March 28 8-8:30 a...

  11. COURSE INFORMATION Plant Diversity and Evolution

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chen, Kuang-Yu

    and experimental tools used to understand plant diversity. 4. "Vocabulary" of plant description (see list list) 7. Distinctive features of land plant diversity 8. The history of land plants through time #12COURSE INFORMATION Fall 2009 Plant Diversity and Evolution (11:704:411) and Advanced Plant

  12. Advances and limits of using population genetics to understand

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ross-Ibarra, Jeffrey

    as being extreme- ly common [1] and central to understanding the role of adaptation in shaping species diversity. Local adaptation also can contribute to the maintenance of genetic variation, be a stepping stone experiments to investigate the role of habitat in driving population divergence. Even earlier, forest tree

  13. Evolution of Genetic Programming Populations W. B. Langdon

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fernandez, Thomas

    Keywords: population variety, diversity, genetic programming, Price's theorem, Fisher's theorem. Abstract 1 by briefly describing the stack experiment [ Langdon, 1995 ] . In Section 2 we show Price's Covariance and Selection Theorem can be applied to Genetic Algorithms (GAs) and GP to predict changes in gene

  14. Differentiation in sex investment by clones and populations of Daphnia

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cáceres, Carla E.

    REPORT Differentiation in sex investment by clones and populations of Daphnia Alan J. Tessier1, conditions that favour dormancy are predicted to select for more sex, which should increase clonal diversity-round, and quantified the extent to which they have differentiated in their investment in dormancy and sex

  15. Diversity in Science and Technology Advances National Clean Energy...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Diversity in Science and Technology Advances National Clean Energy in Solar Diversity in Science and Technology Advances National Clean Energy in Solar The SunShot Diversity in...

  16. Speed-line for 3D animation 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Song, Won Chan

    2007-04-25

    My thesis describes a tool which creates speed-lines automatically in 3D computer animations. Speed-lines are usually used in comic books to express fast motions in a still image. They are also used in 2D animations. Although animations don't need...

  17. Abundance, diversity, and resource use in an assemblage of Conus species in Enewetak lagoon

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kohn, A.J.

    1980-10-01

    Eight species of the gastropod genus Conus co-occur in sand substrate and an adjacent meadow of Halimeda stuposa in Enewetak lagoon, an unusually diverse assemblage for this type of habitat. Population density is high, and large species predominate; they represent all major feeding groups in the genus: predators on polychaetes, enteropneusts, gastropods, and fishes. Although the two most common Conus species eat primarily the same prey species, they mainly take prey of different sizes in different microhabitats. The results suggest that sufficient microhabitat heterogeneity and prey diversity exist to permit spatial segregation and specialization on different prey resources by the different Conus species present. Between-species dissimilarity in resource use thus agrees with previous observations on more diverse Conus assemblages of subtidal coral reef platforms. Prey species diversity is inversely related to body size, confirming and extending a previously identified pattern among Conus species that prey on sedentary polychaetes.

  18. The Human Genome Diversity Project

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Cavalli-Sforza, L.

    1994-12-31

    The Human Genome Diversity Project (HGD Project) is an international anthropology project that seeks to study the genetic richness of the entire human species. This kind of genetic information can add a unique thread to the tapestry knowledge of humanity. Culture, environment, history, and other factors are often more important, but humanity`s genetic heritage, when analyzed with recent technology, brings another type of evidence for understanding species` past and present. The Project will deepen the understanding of this genetic richness and show both humanity`s diversity and its deep and underlying unity. The HGD Project is still largely in its planning stages, seeking the best ways to reach its goals. The continuing discussions of the Project, throughout the world, should improve the plans for the Project and their implementation. The Project is as global as humanity itself; its implementation will require the kinds of partnerships among different nations and cultures that make the involvement of UNESCO and other international organizations particularly appropriate. The author will briefly discuss the Project`s history, describe the Project, set out the core principles of the Project, and demonstrate how the Project will help combat the scourge of racism.

  19. Quality Assurance Checklists for Video, Animations, and Audio...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Animations, & Audio Quality Assurance Checklists for Video, Animations, and Audio Web Requirements Quality Assurance Checklists for Video, Animations, and Audio Web...

  20. Cadherin evolution and the origin of animals

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Abedin, Monika

    2010-01-01

    of Opisthokonta and the evolution of multicellularity and2000). Origin and evolution of the colonial volvocales (King, N. , (2006). Early evolution of animal cell signaling

  1. For more information: Department of Animal and

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Virginia Tech

    , and pharmaceutical research. ¾¾ Companion/laboratory animal management. Our academic program offers a degree production supervisor · Farm manager · K-12 teacher · USDA inspector · Pharmaceutical representative #12;

  2. Fuel Cell Animation- Chemical Process (Text Version)

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    This text version of the fuel cell animation demonstrates how a fuel cell uses hydrogen to produce electricity, with only water and heat as byproducts.

  3. Peptoid Nanosheets Offer a Diversity of Functionalities

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Peptoid Nanosheets Offer a Diversity of Functionalities Print Researchers at the ALS have recently observed peptoid nanosheets-two-dimensional biomimetic materials with...

  4. Animal rights organisations in Norway and their work against

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bech, Claus

    Animal rights organisations in Norway and their work against animal experiments Dyreforsøkslære ZO............................................................................................................................ 4 2. Organisations against animal experiments in Norway ........................................................................................ 7 2.4 Animal Liberation Front In Norway

  5. Demographic Diversity as Network Connections: Homophily and the Diversity-Performance Debate

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Reagans, Ray Eugene

    Research documenting the influence of demopraphic diversity on informal social networks is reviewed and critiqued. I focus in particular on research describing the importance of demographic diversity in the development of ...

  6. Asteroid diversion considerations and comparisons of diversion techniques

    DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

    Owen, J. Michael; Miller, Paul; Rovny, Jared; Wasem, Joe; Howley, Kirsten; Herbold, Eric B.

    2015-05-19

    The threat of asteroid impacts on Earth poses a low-probability but high consequence risk, with possible outcomes ranging from regional to global catastrophe. However, unique amongst such global threats we have the capability of averting such disasters. Diversion approaches by either kinetic impactor or nuclear energy deposition are the two most practical technologies for mitigating hazardous near Earth asteroids. One of the greatest challenges in understanding our options is the uncertain response of asteroids to such impulsive techniques, due both to our lack of knowledge of the composition and structure of these objects as well as their highly varied nature.more »Predicting whether we will simply divert or break up a given object is a crucial: the weak self-gravity and inferred weak structure of typical asteroids present the strong possibility the body will fragment for modest impulses. Predictive modeling of failure and fragmentation is one important tool for such studies. In this paper we apply advances in modeling failure and fracture using Adaptive Smoothed Particle Hydrodynamics (ASPH) to understand mega-cratering on asteroids as a validation exercise, and show examples of diverting the near Earth asteroid Bennu using both a kinetic impactor and ablative blow-off due to nuclear energy deposition.« less

  7. Asteroid diversion considerations and comparisons of diversion techniques

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Owen, J. Michael; Miller, Paul; Rovny, Jared; Wasem, Joe; Howley, Kirsten; Herbold, Eric B.

    2015-01-01

    The threat of asteroid impacts on Earth poses a low-probability but high consequence risk, with possible outcomes ranging from regional to global catastrophe. However, unique amongst such global threats we have the capability of averting such disasters. Diversion approaches by either kinetic impactor or nuclear energy deposition are the two most practical technologies for mitigating hazardous near Earth asteroids. One of the greatest challenges in understanding our options is the uncertain response of asteroids to such impulsive techniques, due both to our lack of knowledge of the composition and structure of these objects as well as their highly varied nature. Predicting whether we will simply divert or break up a given object is a crucial: the weak self-gravity and inferred weak structure of typical asteroids present the strong possibility the body will fragment for modest impulses. Predictive modeling of failure and fragmentation is one important tool for such studies. In this paper we apply advances in modeling failure and fracture using Adaptive Smoothed Particle Hydrodynamics (ASPH) to understand mega-cratering on asteroids as a validation exercise, and show examples of diverting the near Earth asteroid Bennu using both a kinetic impactor and ablative blow-off due to nuclear energy deposition.

  8. An Architecture for Motion Capture Animation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    de Figueiredo, Luiz Henrique

    An Architecture for Motion Capture Animation Fernando Wagner da Silva Luiz Velho Jonas Gomes Paulo System's Architecture q Conclusions q Future work / Work in progress General Outline #12;q Motion systems Our Motivation #12;q MoCap as main animation tool q Modular architecture (Input, Processing

  9. Animating Sand as a Fluid Yongning Zhu

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fournier, John J.F.

    Animating Sand as a Fluid by Yongning Zhu B.Sc., Peking University, 2003 A THESIS SUBMITTED;Abstract My thesis presents a physics-based simulation method for animating sand. To allow for efficiently scaling up to large volumes of sand, we abstract away the individual grains and think of the sand

  10. Animating Sand as a Fluid Yongning Zhu

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Teschner, Matthias

    Animating Sand as a Fluid Yongning Zhu University of British Columbia Robert Bridson University of British Columbia Figure 1: The Stanford bunny is simulated as water and as sand. Abstract We present a physics-based simulation method for animating sand. To allow for efficiently scaling up to large volumes

  11. Modeling, Animation, and Rendering of Human Figures

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Güdükbay, Ugur

    7 Modeling, Animation, and Rendering of Human Figures Ugur G¨ud¨ukbay, B¨ulent ¨Ozg¨u¸c, Aydemir, Ankara, Turkey Human body modeling and animation has long been an important and challenging area virtual humans in action: video games, films, television, virtual reality, ergonomics, medicine

  12. Category Description Study of animals and animal life, including the study of the structure,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cooper, Robin L.

    and economical machines and systems. Energy and Transportation The study of renewable energy sources, energy of the structure, physiology, development, and classification of animals. Animal ecology, physiology, animal Science Fair Project Categories ­ 2008 High School (9th -12th ) #12;2 Category Description Engineering

  13. ANIMAL BEHAVIOUR, 2002, 63, 11431151 doi:10.1006/anbe.2002.3011, available online at http://www.idealibrary.com on

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Beecher, Michael

    ANIMAL BEHAVIOUR, 2002, 63, 1143­1151 doi:10.1006/anbe.2002.3011, available online at http in populations with low song type sharing. 2002 The Association for the Study of Animal Behaviour. Published & Young 1986; Shackleton et al. 1991; Horn et al. 1992). Most studies of song matching to date have been

  14. Social diversity and promotion of cooperation in the spatial prisoner's dilemma game

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Matjaz Perc; Attila Szolnoki

    2008-01-17

    The diversity in wealth and social status is present not only among humans, but throughout the animal world. We account for this observation by generating random variables that determ ine the social diversity of players engaging in the prisoner's dilemma game. Here the term social diversity is used to address extrinsic factors that determine the mapping of game pay offs to individual fitness. These factors may increase or decrease the fitness of a player depending on its location on the spatial grid. We consider different distributions of extrin sic factors that determine the social diversity of players, and find that the power-law distribution enables the best promotion of cooperation. The facilitation of the cooperative str ategy relies mostly on the inhomogeneous social state of players, resulting in the formation of cooperative clusters which are ruled by socially high-ranking players that are able to prevail against the defectors even when there is a large temptation to defect. To confirm this, we also study the impact of spatially correlated social diversity and find that coopera tion deteriorates as the spatial correlation length increases. Our results suggest that the distribution of wealth and social status might have played a crucial role by the evolution of cooperation amongst egoistic individuals.

  15. Parallel grid population

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Wald, Ingo; Ize, Santiago

    2015-07-28

    Parallel population of a grid with a plurality of objects using a plurality of processors. One example embodiment is a method for parallel population of a grid with a plurality of objects using a plurality of processors. The method includes a first act of dividing a grid into n distinct grid portions, where n is the number of processors available for populating the grid. The method also includes acts of dividing a plurality of objects into n distinct sets of objects, assigning a distinct set of objects to each processor such that each processor determines by which distinct grid portion(s) each object in its distinct set of objects is at least partially bounded, and assigning a distinct grid portion to each processor such that each processor populates its distinct grid portion with any objects that were previously determined to be at least partially bounded by its distinct grid portion.

  16. Visualizing Diurnal Population Change in Urban Areas for Emergency Management

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kobayashi, Tetsuo; Medina, Richard M; Cova, Thomas

    2011-01-01

    There is an increasing need for a quick, simple method to represent diurnal population change in metropolitan areas for effective emergency management and risk analysis. Many geographic studies rely on decennial U.S. Census data that assume that urban populations are static in space and time. This has obvious limitations in the context of dynamic geographic problems. The U.S. Department of Transportation publishes population data at the transportation analysis zone level in fifteen-minute increments. This level of spatial and temporal detail allows for improved dynamic population modeling. This article presents a methodology for visualizing and analyzing diurnal population change for metropolitan areas based on this readily available data. Areal interpolation within a geographic information system is used to create twenty-four (one per hour) population surfaces for the larger metropolitan area of Salt Lake County, Utah. The resulting surfaces represent diurnal population change for an average workday and are easily combined to produce an animation that illustrates population dynamics throughout the day. A case study of using the method to visualize population distributions in an emergency management context is provided using two scenarios: a chemical release and a dirty bomb in Salt Lake County. This methodology can be used to address a wide variety of problems in emergency management.

  17. Methods for the survey and genetic analysis of populations

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Ashby, Matthew

    2003-09-02

    The present invention relates to methods for performing surveys of the genetic diversity of a population. The invention also relates to methods for performing genetic analyses of a population. The invention further relates to methods for the creation of databases comprising the survey information and the databases created by these methods. The invention also relates to methods for analyzing the information to correlate the presence of nucleic acid markers with desired parameters in a sample. These methods have application in the fields of geochemical exploration, agriculture, bioremediation, environmental analysis, clinical microbiology, forensic science and medicine.

  18. Office of Supplier Diversity Development Spring 2010 Edition SUPPLIER DIVERSITY IN THE 21st CENTURY: Surviving the

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pittendrigh, Barry

    1 Office of Supplier Diversity Development Spring 2010 Edition SUPPLIER DIVERSITY IN THE 21st of a supplier diversity program requires greater focus and attention. The starting point - an organization-wide recommitment to diverse suppliers. In good times, one role of the supplier diversity executive was to promote

  19. Office of Supplier Diversity Development Spring 2011Edition JESSE MOORE BEING RECOGNIZED AS A "CHAMPION OF DIVERSITY"

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pittendrigh, Barry

    1 Office of Supplier Diversity Development Spring 2011Edition JESSE MOORE BEING RECOGNIZED AS A "CHAMPION OF DIVERSITY" The Office of Supplier Diversity Development at Purdue University is pleased is the Director of the Office of Supplier Diversity Development, will be honored among others by Diversity

  20. Software diversity in computerized control systems

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Voges, U.

    1988-01-01

    This book deals with the most important aspects of software diversity and its use in computerized control systems, including theoretical background, experiments, and industrial realizations (railway, flight and nuclear applications). Researchers describe their experiments with software diversity and explain their results, including benefits and drawbacks. Practitioners explain their use of it in real systems: why they use this means of fault-tolerance, and how they incorporate it into their systems. In addition to the papers the book contains a rather complete list of publications giving an overview on references about software diversity from its beginning until today.

  1. 9.20 Animal Behavior, Fall 2005

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Schneider, Gerald E.

    Most of the major categories of adaptive behavior can be seen in all animals. This course begins with the evolution of behavior, the driver of nervous system evolution, reviewed using concepts developed in ethology, ...

  2. Evolutionary analysis of animal microRNAs

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Guerra Martins dos Santos Assunção, José Afonso

    2013-01-08

    In recent years, microRNAs (miRNAs) have been recognised as important genetic regulators of gene expression in Animals and Plants. They can potentially target a large fraction of the cellular transcriptome, having been shown to be important...

  3. Perception Based Character Modeling and Animation 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Higa, Mitsutoshi

    1999-01-01

    This thesis explores how humans identify sex (male or female) and judge gender (masculine or feminine) and attractiveness of a computer animated walker. Hip and shoulder movements during the walk cycle and waist-to-hip ...

  4. Animals on Campus Responsible Administrative Unit

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    areas housing hazardous materials or machinery. 3.3 Except for trained service animals1 and fish: March 5, 2013 Page 2 of 2 3.4 Aquariums no larger than 30 gallons containing fish or turtles

  5. Creation of Computer Animation from Story Descriptions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kahn, Kenneth Michael

    1979-08-01

    This report describes a computer system that creates simple computer animation in response to high-level, vague, and incomplete descriptions of films. It makes its films by collecting and evaluating suggestions from ...

  6. Diversity in AALL - It Does Exist

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    McCray Pearson, Joyce A.

    1998-01-01

    Diversity” is a slippery term. Construed too broadly, it includes everyone within AALL. Construed too narrowly, it fails to recognize under-represented members. Over the past ten years, AALL has shown a positive trend of ...

  7. Distribution of phylogenetic diversity under random extinction

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Beata Faller; Fabio Pardi; Mike Steel

    2007-08-02

    Phylogenetic diversity is a measure for describing how much of an evolutionary tree is spanned by a subset of species. If one applies this to the (unknown) subset of current species that will still be present at some future time, then this `future phylogenetic diversity' provides a measure of the impact of various extinction scenarios in biodiversity conservation. In this paper we study the distribution of future phylogenetic diversity under a simple model of extinction (a generalized `field of bullets' model). We show that the distribution of future phylogenetic diversity converges to a normal distribution as the number of species grows (under mild conditions, which are necessary). We also describe an algorithm to compute the distribution efficiently, provided the edge lengths are integral, and briefly outline the significance of our findings for biodiversity conservation.

  8. DIVERSITY ACTION PLAN CIVIL & ENVIRONMENTAL ENGINEERING

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    DIVERSITY ACTION PLAN CIVIL & ENVIRONMENTAL ENGINEERING GRADUATE STUDENT REPORT PREPARED FOR: Civil & Environmental Engineering College of Engineering University of Washington Seattle, Washington of Engineering strategic goals, this report provides Civil and Environmental Engineering (CEE) with detailed

  9. DIVERSITY ACTION PLAN CIVIL & ENVIRONMENTAL ENGINEERING

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    DIVERSITY ACTION PLAN CIVIL & ENVIRONMENTAL ENGINEERING UNDERGRADUATE STUDENT REPORT PREPARED FOR: Civil & Environmental Engineering College of Engineering University of Washington Seattle, Washington in Civil and Environmental Engineering (CEE). The purpose of the report is to facilitate the department

  10. Equal Employment Opportunity and Diversity Program

    Broader source: Directives, Delegations, and Requirements [Office of Management (MA)]

    2003-02-12

    Provides a centralized, comprehensive source of information for DOE/NNSA employees and applicants regarding the requirements of the Department's equal employment opportunity and diversity program. Supersedes DOE O 311.1A.

  11. Optimized Simple Bounds for Diversity Systems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Conti, Andrea

    Diversity techniques play a key role in modern wireless systems, whose design benefits from a clear understanding of how these techniques affect system performance. To this aim we propose a simple class of bounds, whose ...

  12. Equal Opportunity Publications’ STEM Diversity Career Expo

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Meet qualified job candidates face-to-face at EOP’s STEM Diversity Career Expo hosted by Equal Opportunity Publications (EOP). EOP publishes of seven nationally recognized career guidance and...

  13. The diversity of design of TSOs

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rious, Vincent

    2008-01-01

    It is puzzling today to explain diversity and imperfection of actual transmission monopoly designs in competitive electricity markets. We argue that transmission monopoly in competitive electricity markets has to be analysed ...

  14. Government-Wide Diversity and Inclusion Strategic Plan (2011...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Government-Wide Diversity and Inclusion Strategic Plan (2011), Office of Personnel Management Government-Wide Diversity and Inclusion Strategic Plan (2011), Office of Personnel...

  15. Office of Personnel Management (OPM) Guidance on Diversity and...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Report 2010.pdf More Documents & Publications Government-Wide Diversity and Inclusion Strategic Plan (2011), Office of Personnel Management Diversity and Inclusion Strategic...

  16. Mentoring and Educating to Increase Diversity in Science, Tech...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Mentoring and Educating to Increase Diversity in Science, Tech, Engineering and Math Mentoring and Educating to Increase Diversity in Science, Tech, Engineering and Math October...

  17. Principles of Population Health Science Population Health 795

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sheridan, Jennifer

    1 Principles of Population Health Science Population Health 795 A course in the Program in Population Health Fall 2012 University of Wisconsin-Madison, School of Medicine and Public Health The lecture in medicine and public health, inequities in health persist. Understanding health on a population level

  18. Object oriented framework for character animation and design 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Devoy, Erin

    2013-02-22

    Three-dimensional computer character animation is becoming more and more prevalent in the entertainment industry. As the demand grows, so does the need for tools that allow animators to create animations quickly. In this thesis, we present a...

  19. International Conference on Computer Animation and Social Agents

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Al Hanbali, Ahmad

    , Facial Animation; Social Agents: Social Agents and Avatars, Emotion and Personality, Virtual Humans Humans/Environments, Animation Analysis and Structuring, Anthropometric Virtual Human Models, Acquisition; Other Related Topics: Animation Compression and Transmission, Semantics and Ontologies for Virtual

  20. Population, Consumption & the Environment

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Columbia University

    consumes the 77 trillion barrels of oil energy equivalent per year ­ Fossil fuel consumption (oil, coal12/11/2009 1 Population, Consumption & the Environment Alex de Sherbinin Center for International of carbon in 2001 · The ecological footprint, a composite measure of consumption measured in hectares

  1. Video, Audio, and Animation Text Versions for Web Accessibility...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Video, Audio, and Animation Text Versions for Web Accessibility Video, Audio, and Animation Text Versions for Web Accessibility For accessibility, Section 508 requires text...

  2. Polices for Controlling Groundwater Pollution from Concentrated Animal Feeding Operations

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wang, Jingjing

    2012-01-01

    1.3 Animal Waste Management . . . . . . . . . . .Animal Waste Management Strategies . . . . . . . . . . .3.2.2 Economic Submodel for Waste Management Crop Model 4.1

  3. USA National Phenology Network: Plant and Animal Life-Cycle Data Related to Climate Change

    DOE Data Explorer [Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)]

    Phenology refers to recurring plant and animal life cycle stages, such as leafing and flowering, maturation of agricultural plants, emergence of insects, and migration of birds. It is also the study of these recurring plant and animal life cycle stages, especially their timing and relationships with weather and climate. Phenology affects nearly all aspects of the environment, including the abundance and diversity of organisms, their interactions with one another, their functions in food webs, and their seasonable behavior, and global-scale cycles of water, carbon, and other chemical elements. Phenology records can help us understand plant and animal responses to climate change; it is a key indicator. The USA-NPN brings together citizen scientists, government agencies, non-profit groups, educators, and students of all ages to monitor the impacts of climate change on plants and animals in the United States. The network harnesses the power of people and the Internet to collect and share information, providing researchers with far more data than they could collect alone.[Extracts copied from the USA-NPN home page and from http://www.usanpn.org/about].

  4. Genetic diversity and structure of livestock breeds 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wilkinson, Samantha

    2012-06-30

    This thesis addresses the genetic characterisation of livestock breeds, a key aspect of the long-term future breed preservation and, thus, of primary interest for animal breeders and management in the industry. First, ...

  5. Supplementary information for "Genetic structure of human populations" Sample, markers, and genotypes: The data set that we analyzed differs from the HGDP-CEPH Human

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rosenberg, Noah

    individuals #1287-1296 sampled from northern China by the Chinese Human Genome Diversity Project. "Han, and genotypes: The data set that we analyzed differs from the HGDP-CEPH Human Genome Diversity Cell Line PanelSupplementary information for "Genetic structure of human populations" Methods Sample, markers

  6. Minutes of Southern Region Animal Waste Team: Southern Regional Water Quality Project Animal Waste Management Topic

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    with the Symposium on the State of the Science: Animal Manure and Waste Management Attended by: M. Risse (UGA), T. Doug Hamilton agreed to organize the workshop on "Management of Lagoons and liquid waste storage: Southern Animal and Waste Management Quarterly 2. Format & length: Electronic, pdf and MSWord (by request

  7. COMPUTER ANIMATION AND VIRTUAL WORLDS Comp. Anim. Virtual Worlds 2006; 17: 127140

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    have been downloaded from the servers that host the virtual world, in order to start navigating a new 3D model in the world) or small but sent very frequently (such as the events relatedCOMPUTER ANIMATION AND VIRTUAL WORLDS Comp. Anim. Virtual Worlds 2006; 17: 127­140 Published online

  8. LANDSCAPE STRUCTURE, CLONAL PROPAGATION, AND GENETIC DIVERSITY IN SCANDINAVIAN POPULATIONS OF

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    genetic variation because of their effects on gene flow and reproductive mode. We compared variation ¼ 0.18). The frequency of clonal propagation (proportion of identical multilocus genotypes) increased variation in landscape physiognomy has resulted in contrasting patterns of spatial genetic variation

  9. A STUDY OF THE DIVERSE T DWARF POPULATION REVEALED BY WISE

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mace, Gregory N.

    We report the discovery of 87 new T dwarfs uncovered with the Wide-field Infrared Survey Explorer (WISE) and 3 brown dwarfs with extremely red near-infrared colors that exhibit characteristics of both L and T dwarfs. Two ...

  10. Emergent patterns of diversity and dynamics in natural populations of planktonic Vibrio bacteria

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Thompson, Janelle Renée, 1976-

    2005-01-01

    Despite the importance of microorganisms for global and engineering processes, currently lacking is a theoretical framework to describe how the structure of a microbial assemblage translates an environmental condition into ...

  11. 2010 Annual Report Rutgers New Jersey Agricultural Experiment Station (NJAES) Cooperative Extension helps the diverse population

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Goodman, Robert M.

    sustainability; and improve food safety and nutrition. The program thrust areas include: Economic Growth and Agricultural Sustainability, Healthy Lifestyles, Human and Community Development, Environment and Natural for the Hare Club, the Showman- ship Superintendent during the county fair and Treasurer of the O.C. 4-H

  12. Genetic diversity at RFLP loci in an Oregon Septoria tritici population 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boeger, Jeffrey Michael

    1992-01-01

    was the most susceptible to S. tritici and OR8300801 was the most resistant. Twenty infected leaves were collected randomly from within each subplot, air dried at room temperature for two weeks, then mailed to Texas A&M University. 3 4 6 14 6 3 5 9 7 14 14... 13 9 7 12 9 11 1 8 5 15 10 1 '-'N:. , '. , 4 1 6 S t ~hens Rep. 1 e P h e n s 10 14 14 10 Fig. 1. Diagram representing how the cultivar mixtures were distributed within the field. This is a randomized complete block design with 8...

  13. Dynamic Imaging by Fluorescence Correlation Spectroscopy Identifies Diverse Populations of Polyglutamine Oligomers

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Morimoto, Richard

    Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis (ALS), at least nine CAG-repeat diseases, Alzheimer disease (AD), and Parkinson aggregation is implicated in numerous diseases. Results: Polyglutamine oligomers maintain a heterogeneous distribution that reaches an equilibrium during aging and can be altered by genetic modifiers that suppress

  14. Socioeconomic status and prostate cancer incidence and mortality rates among the diverse population of California

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2009-01-01

    MN, Smith E, Siadaty M, Hauck FR, Pickle LW (2006) Spatial analysis of prostate cancer incidence and race in Virginia,

  15. Use of microsatellite DNA markers to investigate the level of genetic diversity and population

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Provan, Jim

    genetic structure of coconut (Cocos nucifera L.) L. Perera, J.R. Russell, J. Provan, and W. Powell in 130 in- dividuals of coconut (Cocos nucifera L.) comprising 75 tall individuals and 55 dwarf individuals, representing 94 dif- ferent coconut ecotypes throughout the world. A total of 51 alleles were

  16. ISLAND POPULATIONS OF PHYSALAEMUS PUSTULOSUS: HISTORY INFLUENCES GENETIC DIVERSITY AND MORPHOLOGY

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ryan, Michael J.

    typically experience a genetic bottleneck (Avise, 1994) because colonization usually involves few insights into conservation issues such as habitat fragmentation. Neutral mar- kers, such as microsatellite, Physalaemus pustulosus, on three islands with different histories of colonization. Tu´ngara frogs are abundant

  17. Languages and interfaces for facial animation

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Magnenat-Thalmann, N.

    1995-05-01

    This paper describes high-level tools for specifying, controlling, and synchronizing temporal and spatial characteristics for 3D animation of facial expressions. The proposed approach consists of hierarchical levels of controls. Specification of expressions, phonemes, emotions, sentences, and head movements by means of a high-level language is shown. The various aspects of synchronization are also emphasized. Then, association of the control different interactive devices and media which allows the animator greater flexibility and freedom, is discussed. Experiments with input accessories such as the keyboard of a music synthesizer and gestures from the DataGlove are illustrated.

  18. MSc WILD ANIMAL HEALTH / BIOLOGY CURRICULUM MANAGERS LIST Course Directors Mr Michael Waters / Dr Tony Sainsbury (ZSL)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Daley, Monica A.

    MSc WILD ANIMAL HEALTH / BIOLOGY CURRICULUM MANAGERS LIST Course Directors Mr Michael Waters / Dr Tony Sainsbury (ZSL) Module Leader Module Dr Tony Sainsbury / Mr Michael Waters Conservation Biology Dr Tony Sainsbury / Mr Michael Waters The Impact of Disease on Populations Dr Tony Sainsbury / Mr Michael

  19. Real-Time Bioluminescent Tracking of Cellular Population Dynamics

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Close, Dan; Sayler, Gary Steven; Xu, Tingting; Ripp, Steven Anthony

    2014-01-01

    Cellular population dynamics are routinely monitored across many diverse fields for a variety of purposes. In general, these dynamics are assayed either through the direct counting of cellular aliquots followed by extrapolation to the total population size, or through the monitoring of signal intensity from any number of externally stimulated reporter proteins. While both viable methods, here we describe a novel technique that allows for the automated, non-destructive tracking of cellular population dynamics in real-time. This method, which relies on the detection of a continuous bioluminescent signal produced through expression of the bacterial luciferase gene cassette, provides a low cost, low time-intensive means for generating additional data compared to alternative methods.

  20. Bacterial Population Genetics in a Forensic Context

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Velsko, S P

    2009-11-02

    This report addresses the recent Department of Homeland Security (DHS) call for a Phase I study to (1) assess gaps in the forensically relevant knowledge about the population genetics of eight bacterial agents of concern, (2) formulate a technical roadmap to address those gaps, and (3) identify new bioinformatics tools that would be necessary to analyze and interpret population genetic data in a forensic context. The eight organisms that were studied are B. anthracis, Y. pestis, F. tularensis, Brucella spp., E. coli O157/H7, Burkholderia mallei, Burkholderia pseudomallei, and C. botulinum. Our study focused on the use of bacterial population genetics by forensic investigators to test hypotheses about the possible provenance of an agent that was used in a crime or act of terrorism. Just as human population genetics underpins the calculations of match probabilities for human DNA evidence, bacterial population genetics determines the level of support that microbial DNA evidence provides for or against certain well-defined hypotheses about the origins of an infecting strain. Our key findings are: (1) Bacterial population genetics is critical for answering certain types of questions in a probabilistic manner, akin (but not identical) to 'match probabilities' in DNA forensics. (2) A basic theoretical framework for calculating likelihood ratios or posterior probabilities for forensic hypotheses based on microbial genetic comparisons has been formulated. This 'inference-on-networks' framework has deep but simple connections to the population genetics of mtDNA and Y-STRs in human DNA forensics. (3) The 'phylogeographic' approach to identifying microbial sources is not an adequate basis for understanding bacterial population genetics in a forensic context, and has limited utility, even for generating 'leads' with respect to strain origin. (4) A collection of genotyped isolates obtained opportunistically from international locations augmented by phylogenetic representations of relatedness will not and enzootic outbreaks noted through international outbreak surveillance systems, and 'representative' genetic sequences from each outbreak. (5) Interpretation of genetic comparisons between an attack strain and reference strains requires a model for the network structure of maintenance foci, enzootic outbreaks, and human outbreaks of that disease, coupled with estimates of mutational rate constants. Validation of the model requires a set of sequences from exemplary outbreaks and laboratory data on mutation rates during animal passage. The necessary number of isolates in each validation set is determined by disease transmission network theory, and is based on the 'network diameter' of the outbreak. (6) The 8 bacteria in this study can be classified into 4 categories based on the complexity of the transmission network structure of their natural maintenance foci and their outbreaks, both enzootic and zoonotic. (7) For B. anthracis, Y. pestis, E. coli O157, and Brucella melitensis, and their primary natural animal hosts, most of the fundamental parameters needed for modeling genetic change within natural host or human transmission networks have been determined or can be estimated from existing field and laboratory studies. (8) For Burkholderia mallei, plausible approaches to transmission network models exist, but much of the fundamental parameterization does not. In addition, a validated high-resolution typing system for characterizing genetic change within outbreaks or foci has not yet been demonstrated, although a candidate system exists. (9) For Francisella tularensis, the increased complexity of the transmission network and unresolved questions about maintenance and transmission suggest that it will be more complex and difficult to develop useful models based on currently available data. (10) For Burkholderia pseudomallei and Clostridium botulinum, the transmission and maintenance networks involve complex soil communities and metapopulations about which very little is known. It is not clear that these pathogens can be brought into the in

  1. Traces of natural radionuclides in animal food

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Merli, Isabella Desan; Guazzelli da Silveira, Marcilei A.; Medina, Nilberto H.

    2014-11-11

    Naturally occurring radioactive materials are present everywhere, e.g., in soil, air, housing materials, food, etc. Therefore, human beings and animals receive internal exposure from radioactive elements inside their bodies through breathing and alimentation. Gamma radiation has enough energy to remove an electron from the atom and compromise the rearrangement of electrons in the search for a more stable configuration which can disturb molecule chemical bonding. Food ingestion is one of the most common forms of radioisotopes absorption. The goal of this work is the measurement of natural gamma radiation rates from natural radioisotopes present in animal food. To determine the concentration of natural radionuclides present in animal food gamma-ray spectrometry was applied. We have prepared animal food samples for poultry, fish, dogs, cats and cattle. The two highest total ingestion effective doses observed refers to a sample of mineral salt cattle, 95.3(15) ?Sv/year, rabbit chow, with a value of 48(5) ?Sv/year, and cattle mineral salt, with a value of 69(7) ?Sv/year, while the annual total dose value from terrestrial intake radionuclide is of the order of 290 ?Sv/year.

  2. Perceptual Modeling for Behavioral Animation of Fishes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Toronto, University of

    Perceptual Modeling for Behavioral Animation of Fishes Xiaoyuan Tu Demetri Terzopoulos Department worlds. We have created a virtual marine world inhabited by artificial fishes which can swim hydrody­ namically in simulated water through the motor control of internal muscles. Artificial fishes exploit

  3. Animal Care and Biosafety STANDARD OPERATING PROCEDURES

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Animal Care and Biosafety Committee 1 STANDARD OPERATING PROCEDURES BUACBC-SOP-01 Fish technique for fish species. 1. Materials 1. Water, MS222TM A. Considerations 1. Tricane methanesulphonate (MS222TM) is one of the few anaesthetic registered for veterinary use on fish in Canada and has

  4. LOGISTIC POPULATION MODEL In the logistic population model ...

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2015-08-26

    In the logistic population model, the population growth rate obeys. dP dt. = r(1 ?. P c. )P, P(0) = P0. To solve this equation, we proceed as follow. dP dt. = r(1 ?. P.

  5. University Housing Service and Emotional Support Animals Policy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    McConnell, Terry

    1 University Housing Service and Emotional Support Animals Policy Syracuse University is committed, such as animal research laboratories and areas housing research or teaching animals, it may be necessary to ban animals. However, the University is also mindful of the health and safety concerns of the campus community

  6. Record Keeping and Care for Animals in Study Areas Definitions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fernandez, Eduardo

    to house animals full time and is registered with NIH and/or USDA Study area ­ an area where animals are housed outside an animal facility for more than 12 hours The IACUC is tasked with: 1. Having a policy. a. Those that are housed in an Animal Facility are tracked by Veterinary Services daily. Those

  7. Principles of Population Health Science Population Health 795

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sheridan, Jennifer

    1 Principles of Population Health Science Population Health 795 A course in the Program in Population Health Fall 2011 University of Wisconsin-Madison, School of Medicine and Public Health OVERVIEW Despite significant advances in medicine and public health, inequities in health persist. Understanding

  8. RN/96/125 Revision : 1.4 Evolution of Genetic Programming Populations

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fernandez, Thomas

    show Price's Covariance and Selection Theorem can be applied to Genetic Algorithms (GAs) and GP of Natural Selection and shows in its normal interpretation it does not apply to practical GAs. An analysis, Fax: +44 (0) 171 387 1397 Keywords: population variety, diversity, genetic programming, Price

  9. Soil protozoa--An intensive study of population dynamics and community structure in an upland grassland

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Soil protozoa--An intensive study of population dynamics and community structure in an upland intensive investigation of soil protozoan diversity sponsored by the Natural Environment Research Council within the context of the fractal character of the soil. We developed methods for estimating

  10. Infrared Luminous Lyman Break Galaxies: A Population that Bridges LBGs and SCUBA Galaxies

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Huang, J.-S.; Rigopoulou, D.; Willner, S. P.; Papovich, C.; Shu, C.; Ashby, M. L. N.; Barmby, P.; Bundy, K.; Conselice, C. J.; Egami, E.; Pé rez-Gonzá lez, P. G.; Rosenberg, J. L.; Smith, H. A.; Wilson, Graham Wallace; Fazio, G. G.

    2005-11-20

    A deep mid- and far-infrared survey in the extended Groth strip (EGS) area gives 3.6 to 8 ?m flux densities or upper limits for 253 Lyman break galaxies (LBGs). The LBGs are a diverse population but with properties correlated ...

  11. Population and Climate Change:Population and Climate Change: Coupling Population Models withCoupling Population Models with

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Maryland at College Park, University of

    Coupling Population Models with Earth System ModelsEarth System Models Eugenia Kalnay, Safa Motesharrei, Jorge Rivas Change: Fully Coupling Population and Earth System Models" My research at the U. of Maryland #12

  12. Solid Waste Diversion Plan Fallen Star, 2012

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Aluwihare, Lihini

    2012 Prepared by: Facilities Management #12;UC San Diego Solid Waste Diversion Plan Table of Contents Overview Location and Areas Covered Recycling and Solid Waste Management Contact Campus/Medical Center Campus Recycling and Solid Waste Management Contact The Facilities Management department is responsible

  13. Theoretical and Computational Advances for Network Diversion

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    and Business, Colorado School of Mines, Golden, Colorado 80401 The network-diversion problem (ND) is defined.1002/net.21514 Published online in Wiley Online Library (wileyonlinelibrary.com). © 2013 Wiley Periodicals minimum total effort to accom- plish his task. To this end, he defines edge weights we > 0 for all e E

  14. Handoff issues in a transmit diversity system 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jaswal, Kavita

    2005-02-17

    , the probability of bit error and the outage probability, in order to determine whether the improvement in link performance, as a result of transmit diversity in a system with hard hando?s obviates the need for soft hando?s....

  15. Marine microbial diversity: can it be determined?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Marine microbial diversity: can it be determined? Carlos Pedro´ s-Alio´ Institut de Cie`ncies del of magnitude for the total number of microbial species on Earth range from 103 to 109 . Despite global as the recently discovered photoheter- otrophy in the sea) that force a re-evaluation of carbon and energy fluxes

  16. Increasing Communications Security through Protocol Parameter Diversity

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    New Mexico, University of

    of the protocol more difficult to predict. This form of diversity is designed to mitigate the shrew attack [16 Rica, 2060 gbarrantes@ecci.ucr.ac.cr and Stephanie Forrest University of New Mexico, Department. Recently, several projects have addressed the problem of widely replicated attacks through a technique

  17. The diverse world of liquid crystals

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Palffy-Muhoray, Peter

    The diverse world of liquid crystals Peter Palffy-Muhoray Orientationally ordered soft matter are still making new discoveries and gaining deeper understanding of orientational order and its-range ori- entational, but not positional, order. A more apt name would be orientationally ordered soft

  18. Web Accessibility Office of Diversity and Inclusion

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jones, Michelle

    Web Accessibility Office of Diversity and Inclusion Applies to: Any website conducting university of the art digital and web based information delivery of information is increasingly central in carrying out constituencies. This policy establishes minimum standards for the accessibility of web based information

  19. Population Density by County, 2000

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    None

    2009-01-18

    Map showing a United States profile including race, population by sex and age, housing tenure, and more.

  20. C A T A L Y S TC A T A L Y S TC A T A L Y S T Supplier Diversity at PurdueSupplier Diversity at PurdueSupplier Diversity at Purdue....................................................2.2.2

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pittendrigh, Barry

    1 C A T A L Y S TC A T A L Y S TC A T A L Y S T TTT HHH EEE Inside: Supplier Diversity at PurdueSupplier Diversity at PurdueSupplier Diversity at Purdue....................................................2 ...........................................3.3.3 Supplier Diversity Around IndianaSupplier Diversity Around IndianaSupplier Diversity Around

  1. An improved criterion for new particle formation in diverse environments

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kuang, C.; Riipinen, I.; Sihto, S.-L.; Kulmala, M.; McCormick, A.; McMurry, P.

    2010-03-15

    A dimensionless theory for new particle formation (NPF) was developed, using an aerosol population balance model incorporating recent developments in nucleation rates and measured particle growth rates. Based on this theoretical analysis, it was shown that a dimensionless parameter Lg, characterizing the ratio of the particle scavenging loss rate to the particle growth rate, exclusively determined whether or not NPF would occur on a particular day. This parameter determines the probability that a nucleated particle will grow to a detectable size before being lost by coagulation with the pre-existing aerosol. Cluster-cluster coagulation was shown to contribute negligibly to this survival probability under conditions pertinent to the atmosphere. Data acquired during intensive measurement campaigns in Tecamac (MILAGRO), Atlanta (ANARChE), Boulder, and Hyytiala (QUEST II, QUEST IV, and EUCAARI) were used to test the validity of Lg as an NPF criterion. Measurements included aerosol size distributions down to 3 nm and gas-phase sulfuric acid concentrations. The model was applied to 77 NPF events and 19 non-events (characterized by growth of pre-existing aerosol without NPF) measured in diverse environments with broad ranges in sulfuric acid concentrations, ultrafine number concentrations, aerosol surface areas, and particle growth rates (nearly two orders of magnitude). Across this diverse data set, a nominal value of Lg = 0.7 was found to determine the boundary for the occurrence of NPF, with NPF occurring when Lg < 0.7 and being suppressed when Lg > 0.7. Moreover, nearly 45% of measured Lg values associated with NPF fell in the relatively narrow range of 0.1 < Lg < 0.3.

  2. Diversity and Evolution of the Bovine and Equine Toll-Like Receptor Gene Family: Applications to Animal Disease 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fisher, Colleen 1988-

    2012-08-20

    Genes modulating innate immunity in mammals are generally considered the first line of defense with respect to invading pathogens and therefore it has become important to characterize naturally occurring genetic variation, ...

  3. POPULATION III HYPERNOVAE

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Smidt, Joseph; Whalen, Daniel J. [T-2, Los Alamos National Laboratory, Los Alamos, NM 87545 (United States); Wiggins, Brandon K. [Department of Physics and Astronomy, Brigham Young University, Provo, UT 84602 (United States); Even, Wesley; Fryer, Chris L. [CCS-2, Los Alamos National Laboratory, Los Alamos, NM 87545 (United States); Johnson, Jarrett L., E-mail: dwhalen1999@gmail.com [XTD-PRI, Los Alamos National Laboratory, Los Alamos, NM 87545 (United States)

    2014-12-20

    Population III supernovae have been of growing interest of late for their potential to directly probe the properties of the first stars, particularly the most energetic events that are visible near the edge of the observable universe. Until now, hypernovae, the unusually energetic Type Ib/c supernovae that are sometimes associated with gamma-ray bursts, have been overlooked as cosmic beacons at the highest redshifts. In this, the latest of a series of studies on Population III supernovae, we present numerical simulations of 25-50 M {sub ?} hypernovae and their light curves done with the Los Alamos RAGE and SPECTRUM codes. We find that they will be visible at z = 10-15 to the James Webb Space Telescope and z = 4-5 to the Wide-Field Infrared Survey Telescope, tracing star formation rates in the first galaxies and at the end of cosmological reionization. If, however, the hypernova crashes into a dense shell ejected by its progenitor, it is expected that a superluminous event will occur that may be seen at z ? 20 in the first generation of stars.

  4. Energy policy: Comparative effects on minority population groups

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Poyer, D.A.; Henderson, L.

    1995-06-01

    For a number of years, analyses of minority household energy demand have been supported by the United States Department of Energy (DOE), Office of Economic Impact and Diversity (formerly the Office of Minority Economic Impact). The intention of these analyses has been to characterize patterns of energy demand by various demographic, regional and socioeconomic groups and to develop analytical tools to assess the distributive impact of energy prices and policy on these groups. The model supports strategic objectives outlined by the Department of Energy to explicitly recognize and promote equity in state public utility commission decisions and to assess the potential impact of federal and state energy policy on demographically diverse groups as reported in the Department`s Annual Energy Outlook and the upcoming National Energy Policy Plan. The legislation mandating the Office of Economic Impact and Diversity had been premised on the assumption that patterns of energy demand for minority households are different from the population as a whole. Determining the validity of this premise and its potential economic impact on different population groups has been a major objective of these analyses. Consequently, the recripriocal impacts of energy policy on demographic groups and energy consumption and expenditure dynamics on policy formulation and strategy is a central objective of these studies. Residential energy demand research has been substantial in the past twenty years. Insightful and useful research has been done in this area. However, none of this research has addressed the potential differences in the residential energy demand structure among various population groups. Recent work does compare energy and electricity demand elasticities for non-Latino Whites, with the demand elasticities for Latinos and Blacks. This research is particularly important for examination of questions related to the economic welfare implications of national energy policy.

  5. Soil microbes drive the classic plant diversity­ productivity pattern

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Schnitzer, Stefan A.; Klironomos, John N.; HilleRisLambers, Jannek; Kinkel, Linda L.; Reich, Peter B.; Xiao, Kun; Rillig, Matthias C.; Sikes, Benjamin A.; Callaway, Ragan M.; Mangan, Scott A.; van Nes, Egbert H.; Scheffer, Marten

    2011-02-01

    and empirically that host-specific soil microbes can be major determinants of the diversity–productivity relationship in grasslands. In the presence of soil microbes, plant disease decreased with increasing diversity, and productivity increased nearly 500...

  6. Fungal Diversity Identification of Botryosphaeriaceae from Eucalyptus, Acacia

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fungal Diversity 103 Identification of Botryosphaeriaceae from Eucalyptus, Acacia and Pinus). Identification of Botryosphaeriaceae from Eucalyptus, Acacia and Pinus in Venezuela. Fungal Diversity 25: 103, Eucalyptus and Pinus. Some anamorphs associated with the Botryosphaeriaceae have been reported from Venezuela

  7. Alien Species and Evolution: The Evolutionary Ecology of Exotic Plants, Animals, Microbes and Interacting Native Species

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nehrbass, Nana

    2005-01-01

    of Exotic Plants, Animals, Microbes and Interacting Nativeof Exotic Plants, Animals, Microbes, and Interacting Native

  8. The Graduate School and University Center Faculty Diversity Strategic Plan

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Johnson Jr.,, Ray

    1 The Graduate School and University Center Faculty Diversity Strategic Plan Spring 2014 Update #12; 2 2014 INTERIM REPORT ON THE FACULTY DIVERSITY STRATEGIC PLAN 1. OVERVIEW The 2013 to 2018 Faculty Diversity Strategic Plan commits the Graduate School and University

  9. Daphnia as keystone predators: effects on phytoplankton diversity

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sarnelle, Orlando

    Daphnia as keystone predators: effects on phytoplankton diversity and grazing resistance ORLANDO diversity (the keystone predation effect), by fostering dominance of slow-growing, consumption that the predator is unlikely to promote prey diversity. Theory is silent about keystone predation effects when

  10. University Studies Diversity of Human Experience Note: In this scoring guide, "diversity" refers to differences in ethnic, religious, and

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    University Studies Diversity of Human Experience Note: In this scoring guide, "diversity" refers within the broader context of human experience, demonstrating a sophisticated awareness · discusses personal experience within the broader context of human experience, demonstrating a working

  11. Is there a risk from not using GE animals?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Murray, James D.; Maga, Elizabeth A.

    2010-01-01

    Is there a risk from not using GE animals? James D. Murray •rst genetically engi- neered (GE) plants and animals forthe debate often focuses on GE as a technique that is used

  12. Incorporating cinematic camera practice into the production of computer animation 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    James, Michael Patrick

    1998-01-01

    fundamentals of cinematic camerawork such as depth of held, camera movements, continuity, composition, etc. the computer animator is able to create a body of work that is not hindered by its method of creation. Computer animation is a technical process...

  13. Method and apparatus for animal positioning in imaging systems

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Hadjioannou, Arion-Xenofon; Stout, David B.; Silverman, Robert W.

    2013-01-01

    An apparatus for imaging an animal includes a first mounting surface, a bed sized to support the animal and releasably secured to or integral with the first mounting surface. The apparatus also includes a plurality of straps, each having a first end in a fixed position relative to the bed and a second end for tightening around a limb of the animal. A method for in-vivo imaging of an animal includes providing an animal that has limbs, providing a first mounting surface, and providing a bed removably secured to or integral with the mounting surface and sized to support the animal as well as being coupled to a plurality of straps. The method also includes placing the animal on the bed between the plurality of straps and tightening at least two of the plurality of straps around at least two of the limbs such that the animal is substantially secured in place relative to the bed.

  14. Developmental genomics of the most dangerous animal Matthew P. Scott*

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Quake, Stephen R.

    Developmental genomics of the most dangerous animal Matthew P. Scott* Departments of Developmental as far and away the most dangerous animal to humans. Mos- quitoes also transmit numerous other infections

  15. Animating a cost effective character for an educational production 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Carnevale, Luke Anthony

    2004-11-15

    Animation is a powerful teaching tool. Ideas can be expressed through animation using only a fraction of the time needed with conventional teaching methods [John Halas 1987]. In short, a picture is worth a thousand words. ...

  16. Perceiving Nonhumans: Human Moral Psychology and Animal Ethics 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kasperbauer, Tyler

    2014-04-17

    There are currently very few discussions of moral psychology in the animal ethics literature. This dissertation aims to fill this void. My main contention is that many theories in animal ethics hold mistaken views about ...

  17. A physically based approach to modeling and animating a sailboat 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Miniati, Maria Pia

    2000-01-01

    This thesis describes a method for modeling and animating a sailboat, by means of physically based techniques. Sailboats are excellent candidates for modeling and animating. Their dynamics have been well studied by nautical ...

  18. Languages, Identities, and Accents: Perspectives from the 2010 Linguistic Diversity Conference

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Anya, Uju; Avineri, Netta; Carris, Lauren; Valencia, Valeria

    2010-01-01

    Linguistic Diversity Conference Uju Anya, Netta Avineri,2010 Linguistic Diversity Conference in response to reports2010 Linguistic Diversity Conference On April 30 th 2010 The

  19. Fuel Cell Animation | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious Rank EERE: Alternative Fuelsof Energy Services » ProgramPolicySenateFlyer, TitleGrantCell Animation Fuel

  20. Removal of Animal Antibiotics for Potable Water Reclamation: A Review

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chang, Rita

    2015-01-01

    cattle (Colorado State University, 2004). This difference will affect the type of animal antibiotics found in the environment.

  1. 2007 Microbial Population Biology (July 22-26, 2007)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Anthony M. Dean

    2008-04-01

    Microbial Population Biology covers a diverse range of cutting edge issues in the microbial sciences and beyond. Firmly founded in evolutionary biology and with a strongly integrative approach, past meetings have covered topics ranging from the dynamics and genetics of adaptation to the evolution of mutation rate, community ecology, evolutionary genomics, altruism, and epidemiology. This meeting is never dull: some of the most significant and contentious issues in biology have been thrashed out here. We anticipate the 2007 meeting being no exception. The final form of the 2007 meeting is yet to be decided, but the following topics are likely to be included: evolutionary emergence of infectious disease and antibiotic resistance, genetic architecture and implications for the evolution of microbial populations, ageing in bacteria, biogeography, evolution of symbioses, the role of microbes in ecosystem function, and ecological genomics.

  2. Stable leader election in population protocols requires linear time David Doty David Soloveichik

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Doty, David

    case of Petri nets/vector addition systems [15,16], which were intro- duced in the 1960s as a model such as mobile sensor networks, they are a useful abstraction of "fast-mixing" physical systems such as animal populations [18], chemical reaction networks, and gene regulatory networks [7]. A PP is defined by a finite

  3. Catastrophic Animal Mortality Management (Burial Method) Technical Guidance

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mukhtar, Saqib

    , and protect air and water quality. TNRCC Rules require disposal of dead animals within 72 hours in a manner Conservation Service Texas State Soil and Water Conservation Board October 26, 2005 General Information of diseased animal carcasses. Texas law has separate requirements for disposal of animal carcasses when death

  4. Human Factors Aspects of Power System Flow Animation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Human Factors Aspects of Power System Flow Animation Douglas A. Wiegmann, Gavin R. Essenberg experimental results associated with human factors aspects of using animation to display electric power system. Index Terms--Power System Operations and Planning, Power System Visualization, Animation, Human Factors

  5. Learning to Gesture: Applying Appropriate Animations to Spoken Text

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bustamante, Fabián E.

    professional animators to choose appropriate animations for their virtual actors to perform as they act outLearning to Gesture: Applying Appropriate Animations to Spoken Text Nathan Nichols, Jiahui Liu learning system that learns to choose human gestures to accompany novel text. The system is trained

  6. Jacob -An Animated Instruction Agent in Virtual Reality

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nijholt, Anton

    of a 3D virtual environment where an animated human- like agent called Jacob gives instructionJacob - An Animated Instruction Agent in Virtual Reality Marc Evers1, Anton Nijholt1 1 University of virtual reality techniques and in- volves the design and construction of an animated agent in a 3

  7. Composable Controllers for Physics-Based Character Animation Petros Faloutsos

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Terzopoulos, Demetri

    virtual hu- mans [3, 7], physics-based animated characters with a large reper- toire of motor skills have in coping with the enormous variety of controlled motions that humans and other animals may perform, littleComposable Controllers for Physics-Based Character Animation Petros Faloutsos½ Michiel van de Panne

  8. Related Work 2.1 Realism in Computer Animation Techniques

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rodríguez, Inmaculada

    Chapter 2 Related Work 2.1 Realism in Computer Animation Techniques Realistic animation of human the motion are directly applied to the virtual human. Motion capture is typically used in video game. Amaya et al. designed a model to generate "emotional" animation from "neutral" human motion [Ama96

  9. Edinburgh Research Explorer Novel GM Animal Technologies and their Governance

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Millar, Andrew J.

    Edinburgh Research Explorer Novel GM Animal Technologies and their Governance Citation for published version: Bruce, A, Castle, D, Gibbs, C, Tait, J & Whitelaw, B 2013, 'Novel GM Animal Technologies Statement: Bruce, A., Castle, D., Gibbs, C., Tait, J., & Whitelaw, B. (2013). Novel GM Animal Technologies

  10. Lighted display devices for producing static or animated visual displays, including animated facial features

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Heilbron, Valerie J; Clem, Paul G; Cook, Adam Wade

    2014-02-11

    An illuminated display device with a base member with a plurality of cavities therein. Illumination devices illuminate the cavities and emit light through an opening of the cavities in a pattern, and a speaker can emit sounds in synchronization with the pattern. A panel with translucent portions can overly the base member and the cavities. An animated talking character can have an animated mouth cavity complex with multiple predetermined mouth lighting configurations simulative of human utterances. The cavities can be open, or optical waveguide material or positive members can be disposed therein. Reflective material can enhance internal reflectance and light emission.

  11. Estimated population near uranium tailings

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bloomster, C.H.; Brown, D.R.; Bruno, G.A.; Craig, S.N.; Dirks, J.A.; Griffin, E.A.; Reis, J.W.; Young, J.K.

    1984-01-01

    Population studies, which took place during the months of April, May, and June 1983, were performed for 27 active and 25 inactive mill sites. For each mill site, a table showing population by radius (1/2, 1, 2, 3, 4, and 5 km) in 16 compass directions was generated. 22 references, 6 tables.

  12. MICROBIAL POPULATIONS FECAL PELLETS AND

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Luther, Douglas S.

    MICROBIAL POPULATIONS FECAL PELLETS AND AND BIOLU}IINESCENCEOF OCEANIC SEDII,IENTTRAP PARTICLES activities of microbial populations associated with fecal pellets col-Lecteo from oceanic zooplankton were (indicators of microbial growth and reproduction rates, respectively) were monitored in fecal pellets at time

  13. POPULATION GEOGRAPHY Instructor: Dr. Carr

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lopez-Carr, David

    to Mexico's! Why? + net migration of 3 migrants/1000 vs. Mexico ­ net migration of 4/1000 #12;Why do we care: · Spatial patterns and processes · Geographers tend to study migration more than fertility and mortality: #12;HOW DOES POPULATION CHANGE? #12;Population Change = Fertility ­ Mortality +/- Migration #12;Crude

  14. Population Ecology Philip M. Dixon

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    of populations include the mallard ducks in the Central flyway of the United States, the Daphnia laevis(t) - e(t), (2) where b(t), d(t), i(t), and e(t) are the instantaneous rates of birth, death, immigrationPopulation Ecology Philip M. Dixon Department of Statistics Iowa State University 20 December 2001

  15. Sandia National Laboratories: About Sandia: Diversity

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of NaturalDukeWakefieldSulfateSciTechtail.Theory ofDid youOxygenLaboratoryInnovation Portal SNL SiteAbout Diversity

  16. Diversity & Inclusion | Argonne National Laboratory

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of NaturalDukeWakefieldSulfateSciTechtail.Theory ofDid you not find what you wereDisclaimers Welcome tobefore they Diversity

  17. COMPUTER ANIMATION AND VIRTUAL WORLDS Comp. Anim. Virtual Worlds 2013; 24:155164

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cao, Yong

    present a crowd model informed by common ground theory to accommodate high-level socially aware behavioral PAPER Simulating and animating social dynamics: embedding small pedestrian groups in crowds Seung theory *Correspondence Seung In Park, Computer Science, Virginia Tech, 220 Kraft Dr., Blacksburg, VA

  18. Energy demand and population changes

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Allen, E.L.; Edmonds, J.A.

    1980-12-01

    Since World War II, US energy demand has grown more rapidly than population, so that per capita consumption of energy was about 60% higher in 1978 than in 1947. Population growth and the expansion of per capita real incomes have led to a greater use of energy. The aging of the US population is expected to increase per capita energy consumption, despite the increase in the proportion of persons over 65, who consume less energy than employed persons. The sharp decline in the population under 18 has led to an expansion in the relative proportion of population in the prime-labor-force age groups. Employed persons are heavy users of energy. The growth of the work force and GNP is largely attributable to the growing participation of females. Another important consequence of female employment is the growth in ownership of personal automobiles. A third factor pushing up labor-force growth is the steady influx of illegal aliens.

  19. Population Characteristics and Seasonal Movement Patterns of the Rattlesnake Hills Elk Herd - Status Report 2000

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Tiller, B.L.; Zufelt, R.K.; Turner, S.; Cadwell, L.L.; Bender, L.; Turner, G.K.

    2000-10-10

    Population characteristics of the Rattlesnake Hills elk herd indicate reduced herd growth rates from the 1980s compared to the 1990s (McCorquodale 1988; Eberhardt 1996). However, the population continued to grow approximately 25% annually through the 1990s, reaching a high of 838 animals in summer 1999. Calf recruitment rates appear to be cyclic and are likely related to reduced calf survival during the first weeks of life; however, late-term abortions may also have occurred. The cause(s) could be predator-related and/or a function of shifts in nutritional condition (age-class distributions, assuming older-age cows are less likely to recruit calves, major climate shifts) or changes in the human-related disturbances during gestation, and/or calf rearing periods. In fall 1999 and spring 2000, the population was reduced from 838 individuals to 660 individuals. The primary controlling factors were modified hunting seasons on private and state lands and the large-scale roundup conducted in spring 2000. Continued removal of animals (particularly females) within the population will be pivotal to maintain the population at a level that minimizes land damage complaints, animal-vehicle collisions, use of central Hanford areas, and deterioration of natural resources.

  20. Compact conscious animal positron emission tomography scanner

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Schyler, David J. (Bellport, NY); O'Connor, Paul (Bellport, NY); Woody, Craig (Setauket, NY); Junnarkar, Sachin Shrirang (Sound Beach, NY); Radeka, Veljko (Bellport, NY); Vaska, Paul (Sound Beach, NY); Pratte, Jean-Francois (Stony Brook, NY); Volkow, Nora (Chevy Chase, MD)

    2006-10-24

    A method of serially transferring annihilation information in a compact positron emission tomography (PET) scanner includes generating a time signal for an event, generating an address signal representing a detecting channel, generating a detector channel signal including the time and address signals, and generating a composite signal including the channel signal and similarly generated signals. The composite signal includes events from detectors in a block and is serially output. An apparatus that serially transfers annihilation information from a block includes time signal generators for detectors in a block and an address and channel signal generator. The PET scanner includes a ring tomograph that mounts onto a portion of an animal, which includes opposing block pairs. Each of the blocks in a block pair includes a scintillator layer, detection array, front-end array, and a serial encoder. The serial encoder includes time signal generators and an address signal and channel signal generator.

  1. Diverse Power Iteration Embeddings and Its Applications

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Huang H.; Yoo S.; Yu, D.; Qin, H.

    2014-12-14

    Abstract—Spectral Embedding is one of the most effective dimension reduction algorithms in data mining. However, its computation complexity has to be mitigated in order to apply it for real-world large scale data analysis. Many researches have been focusing on developing approximate spectral embeddings which are more efficient, but meanwhile far less effective. This paper proposes Diverse Power Iteration Embeddings (DPIE), which not only retains the similar efficiency of power iteration methods but also produces a series of diverse and more effective embedding vectors. We test this novel method by applying it to various data mining applications (e.g. clustering, anomaly detection and feature selection) and evaluating their performance improvements. The experimental results show our proposed DPIE is more effective than popular spectral approximation methods, and obtains the similar quality of classic spectral embedding derived from eigen-decompositions. Moreover it is extremely fast on big data applications. For example in terms of clustering result, DPIE achieves as good as 95% of classic spectral clustering on the complex datasets but 4000+ times faster in limited memory environment.

  2. Motion Capture Based Animation for Virtual Human Demonstrators: Modeling, Parameterization and Planning

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Huang, Yazhou

    2012-01-01

    sive gaze animation for virtual humans. ” In Proceedings ofCapture Based Animation for Virtual Human Demonstrators:Capture Based Animation for Virtual Human Demonstrators:

  3. Inferring population history from genealogies 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lohse, Konrad R.

    2010-01-01

    This thesis investigates a range of genealogical approaches to making quantitative inferences about the spatial and demographic history of populations with application to two insect systems: A local radiation of high ...

  4. EA-1994: Malheur Resource Area Jonesboro Diversion Dam Replacement...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    Burns Paiute Tribe for replacement of an existing diversion dam and installation of a fish passage structure. BPA's proposed action was to fund the project. PUBLIC COMMENT...

  5. CNS contributes to UT's College of Engineering Diversity Program...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    contributes to UT's ... CNS contributes to UT's College of Engineering Diversity Program Posted: June 8, 2015 - 5:30pm Mike Beck (center), Consolidated Nuclear Security, LLC, Vice...

  6. Comparative genomics reveals diversity among xanthomonads infecting tomato and pepper

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2011-01-01

    Potnis et al. : Comparative genomics reveals diversity amongtomato and pepper. BMC Genomics Submit your next manuscriptpv. syringae Potnis et al. BMC Genomics 2011, 12:146 http://

  7. Adverse Outcome Pathways and Ecological Risk Assessment: Bridging to Population-Level Effects

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kramer, Vincent J.; Etterson, Matthew A.; Hecker, Markus; Murphy, Cheryl A.; Roesijadi, Guritno; Spade, Daniel J.; Spromberg, Julann A.; Wang, Magnus; Ankley, Gerald T.

    2010-11-24

    The viability of populations of plants and animals is a key focus for environmental regulation. Population-level responses integrate the cumulative effects of chemical stressors on individuals as those individuals interact with and are affected by their con-specifics, competitors, predators, prey, habitat and other biotic and abiotic factors. Models of population-level effects of contaminants can integrate information from lower levels of biological organization and feed that information into higher-level community and ecosystem models. As individual-level endpoints are utilized to predict population responses, this requires that biological responses at lower levels of organization be translated into a form that is useable by the population modeler. In this paper we describe how mechanistic data, as captured in adverse outcome pathways, can be translated into modeling focused on population-level risk assessments. First, we present a succinct overview of different approaches to population modeling, and discuss the types of data needed for these models. Then we discuss how toxicity data are used currently for population modeling, and provide recommendations as to how testing might be modified to better generate information to support modeling. From this we describe how different key processes measured at the level of the individual serve as the bridge between mechanistic toxicology data and predictions of population status, and provide case examples of how this linkage has been/can be achieved.

  8. Diversity Strategies for Nuclear Power Plant Instrumentation and Control Systems

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Wood, Richard Thomas; Belles, Randy; Cetiner, Mustafa Sacit; Holcomb, David Eugene; Korsah, Kofi; Loebl, Andy; Mays, Gary T; Muhlheim, Michael David; Mullens, James Allen; Poore III, Willis P; Qualls, A L; Wilson, Thomas L; Waterman, Michael E.

    2010-02-01

    This report presents the technical basis for establishing acceptable mitigating strategies that resolve diversity and defense-in-depth (D3) assessment findings and conform to U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC) requirements. The research approach employed to establish appropriate diversity strategies involves investigation of available documentation on D3 methods and experience from nuclear power and nonnuclear industries, capture of expert knowledge and lessons learned, determination of best practices, and assessment of the nature of common-cause failures (CCFs) and compensating diversity attributes. The research described in this report does not provide guidance on how to determine the need for diversity in a safety system to mitigate the consequences of potential CCFs. Rather, the scope of this report provides guidance to the staff and nuclear industry after a licensee or applicant has performed a D3 assessment per NUREG/CR-6303 and determined that diversity in a safety system is needed for mitigating the consequences of potential CCFs identified in the evaluation of the safety system design features. Succinctly, the purpose of the research described in this report was to answer the question, 'If diversity is required in a safety system to mitigate the consequences of potential CCFs, how much diversity is enough?' The principal results of this research effort have identified and developed diversity strategies, which consist of combinations of diversity attributes and their associated criteria. Technology, which corresponds to design diversity, is chosen as the principal system characteristic by which diversity criteria are grouped to form strategies. The rationale for this classification framework involves consideration of the profound impact that technology-focused design diversity provides. Consequently, the diversity usage classification scheme involves three families of strategies: (1) different technologies, (2) different approaches within the same technology, and (3) different architectures within the same technology. Using this convention, the first diversity usage family, designated Strategy A, is characterized by fundamentally diverse technologies. Strategy A at the system or platform level is illustrated by the example of analog and digital implementations. The second diversity usage family, designated Strategy B, is achieved through the use of distinctly different technologies. Strategy B can be described in terms of different digital technologies, such as the distinct approaches represented by general-purpose microprocessors and field-programmable gate arrays. The third diversity usage family, designated Strategy C, involves the use of variations within a technology. An example of Strategy C involves different digital architectures within the same technology, such as that provided by different microprocessors (e.g., Pentium and Power PC). The grouping of diversity criteria combinations according to Strategies A, B, and C establishes baseline diversity usage and facilitates a systematic organization of strategic approaches for coping with CCF vulnerabilities. Effectively, these baseline sets of diversity criteria constitute appropriate CCF mitigating strategies for digital safety systems. The strategies represent guidance on acceptable diversity usage and can be applied directly to ensure that CCF vulnerabilities identified through a D3 assessment have been adequately resolved. Additionally, a framework has been generated for capturing practices regarding diversity usage and a tool has been developed for the systematic assessment of the comparative effect of proposed diversity strategies (see Appendix A).

  9. Design and implementation of a marine animal alert system to support Marine Renewable Energy

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Deng, Zhiqun; Carlson, Thomas J.; Fu, Tao; Ren, Huiying; Martinez, Jayson J.; Myers, Joshua R.; Matzner, Shari; Choi, Eric Y.; Copping, Andrea E.

    2013-08-08

    Power extracted from fast moving tidal currents has been identified as a potential commercial-scale source of renewable energy. Device developers and utilities are pursuing deployment of prototype tidal turbines to assess technology viability, site feasibility, and environmental interactions. Deployment of prototype turbines requires permits from a range of regulatory authorities. Ensuring the safety of marine animals, particularly those under protection of the Endangered Species Act of 1973 (ESA) and the Marine Mammal Protection Act of 1972 has emerged as a key regulatory challenge for initial MHK deployments. The greatest perceived risk to marine animals is from strike by the rotating blades of tidal turbines. Development of the marine mammal alert system (MAAS) was undertaken to support monitoring and mitigation requirements for tidal turbine deployments. The prototype system development focused on Southern Resident killer whales (SRKW), an endangered population of killer whales that frequents Puget Sound and is intermittently present in the part of the sound where deployment of prototype tidal turbines is being considered. Passive acoustics were selected as the primary means because of the vocal nature of these animals. The MAAS passive acoustic system consists of two-stage process involving the use of an energy detector and a spectrogram-based classifier to distinguish between SKRW’s calls and noise. A prototype consisting of two 2D symmetrical star arrays separated by 20 m center to center was built and evaluated in the waters of Sequim Bay using whale call playback.

  10. Method of detoxifying animal suffering from overdose

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Mehlhorn, Rolf J. (Richmond, CA)

    1997-01-01

    A method for accumulating drugs or other chemicals within synthetic, lipid-like vesicles by means of a pH gradient imposed on the vesicles just prior to use is described. The method is suited for accumulating molecules with basic or acid moieties which are permeable to the vesicles membranes in their uncharged form and for molecules that contain charge moieties that are hydrophobic ions and can therefore cross the vesicle membranes in their charged form. The method is advantageous over prior art methods for encapsulating biologically active materials within vesicles in that it achieves very high degrees of loading with simple procedures that are economical and require little technical expertise, furthermore kits which can be stored for prolonged periods prior to use without impairment of the capacity to achieve drug accumulation are described. A related application of the method consists of using this technology to detoxify animals that have been exposed to poisons with basic, weak acid or hydrophobic charge groups within their molecular structure.

  11. Radio controlled release apparatus for animal data acquisition devices

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Stamps, James Frederick (5252 Norma Way, Livermore, Alameda County, CA 94550)

    2000-01-01

    A novel apparatus for reliably and selectively releasing a data acquisition package from an animal for recovery. The data package comprises two parts: 1) an animal data acquisition device and 2) a co-located release apparatus. One embodiment, which is useful for land animals, the release apparatus includes two major components: 1) an electronics package, comprising a receiver; a decoder comparator, having at plurality of individually selectable codes; and an actuator circuit and 2) a release device, which can be a mechanical device, which acts to release the data package from the animal. To release a data package from a particular animal, a radio transmitter sends a coded signal which is decoded to determine if the code is valid for that animal data package. Having received a valid code, the release device is activated to release the data package from the animal for subsequent recovery. A second embodiment includes floatation means and is useful for releasing animal data acquisition devices attached to sea animals. This embodiment further provides for releasing a data package underwater by employing an acoustic signal.

  12. Solid-Liquid Separation of Animal Manure and Wastewater 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mukhtar, Saqib; Sweeten, John M.; Auvermann, Brent W.

    1999-10-19

    Solid-liquid separation is an alternative treatment for animal manure and process-generated wastewater. This publication explains the techniques, equipment, performance and economics of separators....

  13. Quality Assurance Checklists for Video, Animations, and Audio Web Requirements

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Use these quality assurance (QA) checklists to ensure your audio files, flash animations, podcasts, and videos meet all Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) standards.

  14. Diversity in U.S. Medical Schools: Revitalizing Efforts to Increase Diversity in a Changing Context, 1960s-2000s

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lee, Philip R.; Franks, Patricia E.

    2010-01-01

    geographic and specialty maldistribution, particularly theand Specialty Maldistribution and Lack of Diversity in theof geographic and specialty maldistribution in the physician

  15. Western University DIVERSITY and INCLUSION PLAN (2011 2015)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lennard, William N.

    self-definition". Diversity: as part of our commitment to excellence, we seek to recognize and remove the Future, 2006, p.3). Western has reaffirmed its commitment to diversity by articulating key directions of leadership and management skills by current and prospective academic and support unit leaders Increasing

  16. Contributions of Renewable Energy Resources to Re-source Diversity

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gross, George

    1 Contributions of Renewable Energy Resources to Re- source Diversity George Gross, Fellow, IEEE Abstract This is a summary of the presentation on the panel entitled "Energy Resource Flexibility and Di, Resource Diversity, Resource Economics, Energy security, Inte- gration and Interconnection of Distributed

  17. Countering Trusting Trust through Diverse Double-Compiling

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sandhu, Ravi

    1 Countering Trusting Trust through Diverse Double-Compiling David A. Wheeler February 28, 2006 · Inadequate solutions & related work · Solution: Diverse double-compiling (DDC) ­ What it is ­ Why it works & broader implications 3 Trusting trust attack Compiler executable (malicious) Critical program (malicious

  18. Qualitative vs. Quantitative Plan Diversity in Case-Based Planning

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Muñoz-Avila, Héctor

    Qualitative vs. Quantitative Plan Diversity in Case-Based Planning Alexandra Coman, Héctor Muñoz 18015 {alc308, hem4}@lehigh.edu Abstract. Plan diversity has practical value in multiple planning domains, including travel planning, military planning and game planning. Existing methods for obtaining

  19. DIVERSITY OUTREACH / ADVERTISING RESOURCES Staff Recruitment Services & UNMTemps

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    New Mexico, University of

    DIVERSITY OUTREACH / ADVERTISING RESOURCES Staff Recruitment Services & UNMTemps The goal package saving departments 60% to advertise their posting on the leading Diversity job sites! Job is to be the global leader in online recruitment advertising by being an employee-driven, customer-focused organ

  20. Global Cost Diversity Aware Dispatch Algorithm for Heterogeneous Data Centers

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fedorova, Alexandra

    Global Cost Diversity Aware Dispatch Algorithm for Heterogeneous Data Centers Ananth Narayan S. ans centers located across the globe. These data centers often house a heterogeneous computing infrastruc exploits both the data center het- erogeneity and global electricity market diversity to reduce data center

  1. Dynamic Material Properties of Human and Animal Livers

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Basdogan, Cagatay

    Dynamic Material Properties of Human and Animal Livers Cagatay Basdogan Abstract Accurate livers have focused on the investigation of static (strain-dependent) material properties. The number of studies investi- gating the dynamic material properties (time and frequency-dependent) of animal and human

  2. Stakeholder position paper: Epidemiological perspectives on antibiotic use in animals

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Singer, Randall

    resistance in bacteria affecting human health. From an epidemiologic perspective, the major issues related, and in the role that animal antimicrobial use plays in the levels of resistance in bacteria affecting human in animals and antimicrobial resistance in bacteria affecting human health. 2. How might an epidemiologist

  3. Emergency Preparation 1. If possible, never leave your animals behind

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Selmic, Sandra

    Nutrition 1. Water 2. Energy 3. Protein 4. Vitamins 5. Major/Minor Minerals 6. Forage 1. Water is the single water for 5 days. 2. Energy- Carbohydrates supplied by forage and grain are the primary sourcesEmergency Preparation 1. If possible, never leave your animals behind during an evacuation. Animals

  4. ANIMAL TRACING: BENEFITS IN CATTLE INDUSTRY AND PRIVATE INCENTIVES

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    McCarl, Bruce A.

    ANIMAL TRACING: BENEFITS IN CATTLE INDUSTRY AND PRIVATE INCENTIVES LEVAN ELBAKIDZE Assistant are those of the author and not necessarily the sponsor." #12;ANIMAL TRACING: BENEFITS IN CATTLE INDUSTRY major economic damages in the cattle industry. One of the strategies to mitigate potential outbreak

  5. Neuroinflammation in Parkinson's Disease Animal Models: A Cell Stress Response

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sulzer, David

    in a wide range of toxin-based, inflammatory and genetic Parkinson's disease animal models. KeywordsNeuroinflammation in Parkinson's Disease Animal Models: A Cell Stress Response or a Step neuroin- flammatory processes are exacerbated in Parkinson's disease, including glial- mediated reactions

  6. Economic Consideration of Mitigation of Foreign Animal Disease Introduction *

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    McCarl, Bruce A.

    Economic Consideration of Mitigation of Foreign Animal Disease Introduction * Levan Elbakidze, Bruce A. McCarl Department of Agricultural Economics National Center for Foreign Animal and Zoonotic Disease Defense (FAZDD), Texas A&M University, College Station TX, USA The economic implications

  7. Conservation of Salmonella Infection Mechanisms in Plants and Animals

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hirt, Heribert

    Conservation of Salmonella Infection Mechanisms in Plants and Animals Adam Schikora1 *¤a , Isabelle Salmonella virulence in animals depends on effectors injected by Type III Secretion Systems (T3SSs). In this report we demonstrate that Salmonella mutants that are unable to deliver effectors are also compromised

  8. Web-Based Interactive Analysis and Animation of Mechanisms

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cheng, Harry H.

    a mechanism in a Web browser and then click a button for kinematic and dynamic analysis, graphical plottingWeb-Based Interactive Analysis and Animation of Mechanisms Harry H. Cheng Professor Member of ASME A Web-based mechanism analysis and animation system is pre- sented in this article. The system

  9. Computer Animation of Human Walking: a Survey Franck Multon1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    Animation of human walking is a crucial problem in Computer Graphics: Many synthetic scenes involve virtualComputer Animation of Human Walking: a Survey Franck Multon1 , Laure France2 , Marie-Paule Cani humans, from special e ects in the lm industry to virtual reality and video games. Synthesizing realistic

  10. Designing a Virtual Manikin Animation Framework Aimed at Virtual Prototyping.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    - of available new scientific techniques to animate Virtual Humans, in a new control scheme that better answersDesigning a Virtual Manikin Animation Framework Aimed at Virtual Prototyping. Antoine Rennuit1, 2, and analyse human behaviour in the product's environment (for maintenance, ergonomics...), thanks to Virtual

  11. Interactive Animation of Cloth-like Objects in Virtual Reality

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    Interactive Animation of Cloth-like Objects in Virtual Reality Mark Meyer Caltech Gilles Debunne iMAGIS/IMAG Mathieu Desbrun USC/Caltech Alan H. Barr Caltech Abstract Modeling and animation of cloth has experienced to realistically drape objects or human characters in a fairly efficient way. However, real-time realistic

  12. The Communicative Functions of Animation in User Interfaces

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Novick, David G.

    The Communicative Functions of Animation in User Interfaces David Novick The University of Texas, we surveyed existing user interfaces that use animation, analyzed these uses with respect to type to graphical user interfaces and to assess the model's plausibility, we used the model to develop two versions

  13. Diversity of Alticinae in Oaxaca, Mexico: A preliminary study (Coleoptera, Chrysomelidae) 1 Diversity of Alticinae in Oaxaca, Mexico

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Miller, Scott

    Diversity of Alticinae in Oaxaca, Mexico: A preliminary study (Coleoptera, Chrysomelidae) 1 Diversity of Alticinae in Oaxaca, Mexico: A preliminary study (Coleoptera, Chrysomelidae)1 David G. Furth1 1)DiversityofAlticinaeinOaxaca,Mexico:Apreliminarystudy(Coleoptera,Chrysomelidae). In: Jolivet P, Santiago

  14. Office of Supplier Diversity Development Fall 2009 Edition FROM THE DIRECTOR

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pittendrigh, Barry

    Office of Supplier Diversity Development Fall 2009 Edition FROM THE DIRECTOR SUPPLIER DIVERSITY on supplier diversity activity particularly in the higher education arena. I was (am) specifically interested in locating research that is focused on the impact of successful supplier diversity programs on diverse

  15. Ecology of microbe/basaltic glass interactions : mechanisms and diversity

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sudek, Lisa A.

    2011-01-01

    in oceanography: microbe-mineral interactions at and belowThe phylogeny of endolithic microbes associated with marineIn: Iron transport in microbes, plants and animals.

  16. SUB-POPULATION BRAIN ATLASES

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Thompson, Paul

    SUB-POPULATION BRAIN ATLASES Paul Thompson PhD, Michael S. Mega MD PhD, and Arthur W. Toga PhD Laboratory of Neuro Imaging, Brain Mapping Division and Alzheimer's Disease Center Dept. of Neurology, UCLA School of Medicine, Los Angeles, CA 90095-1769 A Chapter in: Brain Mapping: The Methods (2nd Edition

  17. Population Growth February 6, 2008

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mead, Jodi L.

    for all values of M and k. 3. Generate the direction fields of the logistic equation with harvesting: dy that the population of a species of fish in a certain lake is growing according to a logistic model with k = 0.3 and M intial value problem. (b) Plot the direction field and a few informative solution curves. (c) Describe

  18. EO 12898: Environmental Justice in Minority Populations and Low...

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    2898: Environmental Justice in Minority Populations and Low-Income Populations EO 12898: Environmental Justice in Minority Populations and Low-Income Populations To focus Federal...

  19. Biogeographic anomaly or human introduction: a cryptogenic population of tree skink (Reptilia

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Austin, Christopher C.

    the present diversity of these island systems have resulted from this incomplete diversity and distributional

  20. Corn fiber hulls as a food additive or animal feed

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Abbas, Charles (Champaign, IL); Beery, Kyle E. (Decatur, IN); Cecava, Michael J. (Decatur, IN); Doane, Perry H. (Decatur, IN)

    2010-12-21

    The present invention provides a novel animal feed or food additive that may be made from thermochemically hydrolyzed, solvent-extracted corn fiber hulls. The animal feed or food additive may be made, for instance, by thermochemically treating corn fiber hulls to hydrolyze and solubilize the hemicellulose and starch present in the corn fiber hulls to oligosaccharides. The residue may be extracted with a solvent to separate the oil from the corn fiber, leaving a solid residue that may be prepared, for instance by aggolmerating, and sold as a food additive or an animal feed.

  1. Genetic variants associated with fasting glucose and insulin concentrations in an ethnically diverse population: results from the Population Architecture using Genomics and Epidemiology (PAGE) study

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2013-01-01

    tolerance and impaired fasting glucose. Am J Cardiol 2011,differences in association of fasting glucose- associatedgenomic loci with fasting glucose, HOMA-B, and impaired

  2. The Relation Between the Number of Species and the Number of Individuals in a Random Sample of an Animal Population

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stephens, David A.

    's Terms and Conditions of Use, available at http://www.jstor.org/page/info/about/policies/terms.jsp. JSTOR the discovery and use of these resources. For more information about JSTOR, please contact support),A. STEVENCORBET (British Museum,Natural History) AND C. B. WILLIAMS (RothamstedExperimental Station) (With 8

  3. Genotypic diversity and antimicrobial resistance in asymptomatic Salmonella enterica serotype Typhimurium DT104

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fussman, Gregor

    Genotypic diversity and antimicrobial resistance in asymptomatic Salmonella enterica serotype-resistant Salmonella enterica subspecies enterica serotype Typhimurium phage-type DT104 represents a challenge the genetic diversity and the diversity in antimicrobial resistance associated with asymptomatic Salmonella

  4. Population Structure of Columbia River Basin Chinook Salmon and Steelhead Trout, Technical Report 2001.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Brannon, E.L.; National Science Foundation (U.S.)

    2002-08-01

    The population structure of chinook salmon and steelhead trout is presented as an assimilation of the life history forms that have evolved in synchrony with diverse and complex environments over their Pacific range. As poikilotherms, temperature is described as the overwhelming environmental influence that determines what life history options occur and where they are distributed. The different populations represent ecological types referred to as spring-, summer-, fall, and winter-run segments, as well as stream- and ocean-type, or stream- and ocean-maturing life history forms. However, they are more correctly described as a continuum of forms that fall along a temporal cline related to incubation and rearing temperatures that determine spawn timing and juvenile residence patterns. Once new habitats are colonized, members of the founding populations spread through adaptive evolution to assume complementary life history strategies. The related population units are collectively referred to as a metapopulation, and members most closely associated within common temporal and geographic boundaries are designated as first-order metapopulations. Population structure of chinook salmon and steelhead in the Columbia Basin, therefore, is the reflection of the genetic composition of the founding source or sources within the respective region, shaped by the environment, principally temperature, that defines life history evolutionary strategy to maximize fitness under the conditions delineated. The complexity of structure rests with the diversity of opportunities over the elevations that exist within the Basin. Consistent with natural selection, rather than simply attempting to preserve populations, the challenge is to provide opportunities to expand their range to new or restored habitat that can accommodate genetic adaptation as directional environmental changes are elaborated. Artificial propagation can have a critical role in this process, and the emphasis must be placed on promoting the ability for anadromous salmonids to respond to change by assuring that the genetic diversity to facilitate such responses is present. The key in developing an effective recovery program for chinook salmon and steelhead is to recognize that multiple life history forms associated with temperature characterize the species in the Columbia Basin, and recovery measures taken must address the biological requirements of the population unit within the environmental template identified. Unless such measures are given first and highest priority, establishment of biologically self-sustaining populations will be restrained.

  5. Consumers' Perceptions of Animal-Based Food Products and Advertisements 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Froebel, Lindy

    2015-05-12

    Grocery sales circulars influence consumers’ purchasing decision, but limited research has been conducted on them. The purpose of this study was to discover current advertisement trends for animal-based food products then ...

  6. A Fire Model for 2-D Computer Animation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yu, J-H.; Patterson, J.W.

    Yu,J-H. Patterson,J.W. Proceedings of the EUROGRAPHICS Workshop on Computer Animation '96, Poitiers, France. Published in Eurographics Series, (Boulic R. and Hegron, G., Eds.). pp 49-60 Springer

  7. Muscle-based facial animation using blendshapes in superposition 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Smith, Andrew Patrick

    2007-04-25

    The blendshape is an effective tool in computer facial animation, enabling represention of muscle actions. Limitations exist, however, in the level of realism attainable under conventional use of blendshapes as non-intersecting deformations. Using...

  8. A computational approach to the quantification of animal camouflage

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Akkaynak, Derya

    2014-01-01

    Evolutionary pressures have led to some astonishing camouflage strategies in the animal kingdom. Cephalopods like cuttlefish and octopus mastered a rather unique skill: they can rapidly adapt the way their skin looks in ...

  9. Creating Automated Interactive Video Playback for Studies of Animal Communications 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Butkowski, Trisha

    2010-01-16

    -time animations with video tracking software. This method may be used to conduct interactive playback experiments. To demonstrate this method, a prototype was created and used to conduct automated mating choice trials on female swordtail fish. The results...

  10. FLORIDA STATE UNIVERSITY ANIMAL CARE AND USE COMMITTEE

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Weston, Ken

    in scheduling training. 2. USE OF HAZARDOUS AGENTS IN ANIMALS: (place an `X' in appropriate areas) YES NO REQUIREMENTS If use of a hazardous agent (radioactive isotopes, hazardous chemicals, biologic agents

  11. World Veterinary Year 2011: 250 Years of Improving Animal and

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kay, Mark A.

    under and over nutrition, poverty, climate change, ecosystem health, animal welfare Use of antibiotics Livestock/Poultry Reduce Poverty Health, Development, and Poverty #12;Millenium Development Goals Goal 8

  12. Revised January 2012 Appendix I Animals (including insects and fish)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    conducted) 2. Will you be generating any genetically modified organisms? If yes, what animals and how? N/A 3 derivative) RG1 Farq / 123A *PHAC- Public Health Agency of Canada **CFIA- Canadian Food Inspection Agency

  13. Using Parasitoids to Control House Flies in Confined Animal Facilities 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2004-11-30

    House flies are a common problem in confined animal facilities. One way to control them biologically is with parasitoid wasps. This publication explains how to use these wasps for fly control....

  14. HOME GROUNDS & ANIMALS 2014 Table of Contents 3

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Liskiewicz, Maciej

    HOME GROUNDS & ANIMALS 2014 Table of Contents 3 1 Regulations and Basic Information How to Use of Water ..................................................................... 1-26 Table 1.6 - Equivalent Quantities of Liquid Materials (Emulsifiable Concentrates, etc.) for Various Quantities of Water

  15. Prochlorococcus: the structure and function of collective diversity

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Berube, Paul M.

    The marine cyanobacterium Prochlorococcus is the smallest and most abundant photosynthetic organism on Earth. In this Review, we summarize our understanding of the diversity of this remarkable phototroph and describe its ...

  16. Structure, function and diversity of the healthy human microbiome

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Alm, Eric J.

    Studies of the human microbiome have revealed that even healthy individuals differ remarkably in the microbes that occupy habitats such as the gut, skin and vagina. Much of this diversity remains unexplained, although diet, ...

  17. Environmental correlates to amphibian and reptile diversity in Costa Rica 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Laurencio, David Edelman

    2009-05-15

    sites in the eastern Área de Conservación Guanacaste showed rich herpetofaunal diversity and validated the newly purchased Rincón Rainforest as an important conservation area. A survey of Reserva Natural Absoluta Cabo Blanco provided a preliminary list...

  18. Structure and dynamics of genome-wide diversity in Prochlorococcus

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Coleman, Maureen Lynn

    2008-01-01

    The capability of microbes to thrive in myriad environments has its foundation in the diversity of microbial genomes. Here we explore adaptation and diversification through the lens of the marine cyanobacterium Prochlorococcus, ...

  19. Microbial diversity and transcriptome profiling in coral holobionts

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sunagawa, Shinichi

    2010-01-01

    Endangered Species Act, our results add an important microbial diversity-based perspective to the signi?cance of conserving coral reefs.coral reefs, but are now listed as threatened under the U. S. Endangered

  20. The Center of Excellence in Diversity in Medical Education

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kay, Mark A.

    and Activities Diversity Pipeline Premeds - Summer HCOP - SFBA HCOP - SUMMA Conference - College Outreach - LEAP organizations at SFSU and City College of San Francisco ·Health Professions Speaker Series for at-risk high

  1. Symmetrical Multilevel Diversity Coding with an All-Access Encoder 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Marukala, Neeharika

    2012-07-16

    Symmetrical Multilevel Diversity Coding (SMDC) is a network compression problem for which a simple separate coding strategy known as superposition coding is optimal in terms of achieving the entire admissible rate region. ...

  2. Genetic diversity and its consequences for light adaptation in Prochlorococcus

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kettler, Gregory C. (Gregory Carl)

    2011-01-01

    When different cells thrive across diverse environments, their genetic differences can reveal what genes are essential to survival in a particular environment. Prochlorococcus, a cyanobacterium that dominates the open ...

  3. Scaling and biomechanics of surface attachment in climbing animals

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Labonte, David; Federle, Walter

    2014-01-01

    -Type text/plain; charset=UTF-8 Review Cite this article: Labonte D, Federle W. 2015 Scaling and biomechanics of surface attach- ment in climbing animals. Phil. Trans. R. Soc. B 370: 20140027. http://dx.doi.org/10.1098/rstb.2014.0027 One contribution... of 19 to a discussion meeting issue ‘Cell adhesion century: culture breakthrough’. Subject Areas: biomaterials, biomechanics, biophysics Scaling and biomechanics of surface attachment in climbing animals on July 15, 2015http...

  4. Animating "Croc tale": a study of the process and problems of a three-dimensional computer animation 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Squire, Janice Lynne

    1992-01-01

    Several stages are involved in the production of a computer-generated character animation. First, a concept that satisfies any previously defined design constraint (e.g., resource limitations and/or client specifications) ...

  5. “It’s Not Just a Latino Issue”: Policy Recommendations to Better Support a Racially Diverse Population of Undocumented Students

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Salinas Velasco, Carlos F; Mazumder, Trisha; Enriquez, Laura E

    2015-01-01

    and the promise of higher education. New York, NY: Teachersfor Labor Research and Education. Buenavista, T. L. , &their implication for higher education. Sterling, VA: Stylus

  6. Avian population densities and species diversity on reclaimed strip-mined land in East-Central Texas 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cantle, Peter Christopher

    1978-01-01

    km east of Fairfieid, Texas. It is powered by lignite coal strip-mined from deposits in the surrounding countryside. The stripping operation consists of a very large, electrically-powered dragline that removes "overburden" from the subtending coal... near the power plant. At this writing, a third dragline is being assembled at the site of a new operation (L. Garrett, pers. comm. ). Coal reserves surrounding the plant are expected to last ca 35-50 years, depending on future consumption rates (R...

  7. The West Pacific diversity hotspot as a source or sink for new species? Population genetic insights from the

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bermingham, Eldredge

    and Central-West Pacific, Hawaii and the Central-West Pacific, and Indian Ocean and the Central-West Pacific-Australian Archipelago (IAA), at the junction of the Indian and Pacific oceans, and declines to both the east Ocean (Briggs 1999). Pleistocene isola- tion of the Pacific and Indian Oceans, driven by +100 m changes

  8. Living in London With a diverse population of more than 366,000 London is an educational,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lennard, William N.

    · Mathematics · Mathematics in Society · Medical Physics · Neuroscience · Physics · Scientific Computing and Numerical Methods · Statistics · Theoretical Physics · Computer Science with Law* · Honors Science (BSc » (Options: Structural, Environmental or International Development) · Computer Engineering » Options

  9. Clonal population structure and genetic diversity of Candida albicans in AIDS patients from Abidjan (Cote d'Ivoire)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2006-01-01

    4, A), G7 (1, B) G3 (5, A) G8 (5, A) G9 (1, A), G10 (1, A),KTZ NYS AMB AMB G7 (5, B) G8 (5, A) G18 (5, A) G19 (5, A)Aat Fk G1 G2 G3 G4 G5 G6 G7 G8 G9 G10 G11 G12 G13 G14 G15

  10. Genomic Diversity at Thirteen Short Tandem Repeat Loci in a Substructured Caste Population, Golla, of Southern Andhra Pradesh, India

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Reddy, B. Mohan; Sun, Guangyun; Luis, Javier Rodriguez; Crawford, Michael H.; Hemam, Natabar Shyam; Deka, Ranjan

    2001-04-01

    homogeneous, and strictly endogamous. Blood samples were drawn from 317 individuals from 30 Golla villages. The 13 STR loci analyzed in five standard multiplex polymerase chain reactions were: (1) CSF1R, TH01, and PLA2A; (2) F13A1, CYP19, and LPL; (3) D21S1446...

  11. Journey to the East : the re(make) of Chinese animation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Huang, He, S.M. Massachusetts Institute of Technology

    2007-01-01

    This thesis attempts to look at how Chinese animation cinema has evolved over the years and how the Chinese nation is being constructed and contested through animation filmic texts and animation filmmaking practices as ...

  12. Interpreting the visual and cinematic style of Japanese anime using three-dimensional computer graphics 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mistry, Pradeep Champaklal

    2002-01-01

    Due to the international popularity of Japanese anime and its recognition as a cinematic art form, creative professionals in the animation industry are impressed with not only the complexity and artistic fluidity of the animation style but also...

  13. HOME GROUNDS & ANIMALS 2015 Nuisance Insects of the House and Yard

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Liskiewicz, Maciej

    HOME GROUNDS & ANIMALS 2015 Nuisance Insects of the House and Yard Table of Contents Insects .............................................................................................................................. 6-15 #12;HOME GROUNDS & ANIMALS 2015 #12;HOME GROUNDS & ANIMALS 2015 Nuisance Insects of the House

  14. Anime Creativity: Characters and Premises in the Quest for Cool Japan

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Condry, Ian

    This article examines ethnographically the production of anime (Japanese animated films and TV shows) by focusing on how professional animators use characters and dramatic premises to organize their collaborative creativity. ...

  15. Feedback between Population and Evolutionary Dynamics Determines the Fate of Social Microbial Populations

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sanchez, Alvaro

    The evolutionary spread of cheater strategies can destabilize populations engaging in social cooperative behaviors, thus demonstrating that evolutionary changes can have profound implications for population dynamics. At ...

  16. Arthropod population and community dynamics in turfgrass 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wang, Yong

    1998-01-01

    Non-target arthropod and nematode populations in ographics. fungal and nematode treated bermudagrass were contrasted with populations in a chlorpyrifos and an untreated control treatment. Fifty-five arthropod families or suborder, herein referred...

  17. Population dynamics of species-rich ecosystems: the mixture of matrix population models approach

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rossi, Vivien

    , tropical marine fish or coral reefs, high diversity implies that the sample size for most species. 2007), species extinction or conservation of endangered species (Cropper & Loudermilk 2006

  18. International radiobiology archives of long-term animal studies. I. Descriptions of participating institutions and studies

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Gerber, G.B.; Watson, C.R.; Sugahara, T.; Okada, S.

    1996-07-01

    This document describes archived radiobiology animal studies. Information is presented on experimental details, pathology, radioactivity, results, dosimetry, status, and animal type employed.

  19. Wrapping Up: Our Conversation on Increasing Diversity in STEM Education and the Workforce

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)

    A recap of our discussion on increasing diversity in science, technology, engineering and math fields.

  20. Scientific documentary animation: How much accuracy is enough

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Max, N.L.

    1992-02-06

    Scientific documentary animation presents final results, and thus has a somewhat different purpose than the scientific visualization used in their discovery. For an audience of non-specialists, production quality in the graphics, pacing, narration, music, and story-telling are important. However, the animation need only be qualitatively correct in order to communicate the desired information. When physical simulations are used to produce animated movement, the laws of motion can be adjusted to give a nicer appearance, to allow for easier programming, to compensate for incompatible time or size scales, or to artifically push things in a desired direction. Graphic tricks may even be used to disguise inadequacies in the simulation. Biological structures which are not yet completely understood may be given an arbitrary or approximate form in order to show their function. But in illustrating mathematics, it is often easy to be completely accurate.

  1. Scientific documentary animation: How much accuracy is enough?

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Max, N.L.

    1992-02-06

    Scientific documentary animation presents final results, and thus has a somewhat different purpose than the scientific visualization used in their discovery. For an audience of non-specialists, production quality in the graphics, pacing, narration, music, and story-telling are important. However, the animation need only be qualitatively correct in order to communicate the desired information. When physical simulations are used to produce animated movement, the laws of motion can be adjusted to give a nicer appearance, to allow for easier programming, to compensate for incompatible time or size scales, or to artifically push things in a desired direction. Graphic tricks may even be used to disguise inadequacies in the simulation. Biological structures which are not yet completely understood may be given an arbitrary or approximate form in order to show their function. But in illustrating mathematics, it is often easy to be completely accurate.

  2. Designing a Virtual Manikin Animation Framework Aimed at Virtual Prototyping

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rennuit, Antoine; Andriot, Claude; Guillaume, François; Chevassus, Nicolas; Chablat, Damien; Chedmail, Patrick

    2007-01-01

    In the industry, numerous commercial packages provide tools to introduce, and analyse human behaviour in the product's environment (for maintenance, ergonomics...), thanks to Virtual Humans. We will focus on control. Thanks to algorithms newly introduced in recent research papers, we think we can provide an implementation, which even widens, and simplifies the animation capacities of virtual manikins. In order to do so, we are going to express the industrial expectations as for Virtual Humans, without considering feasibility (not to bias the issue). The second part will show that no commercial application provides the tools that perfectly meet the needs. Thus we propose a new animation framework that better answers the problem. Our contribution is the integration - driven by need ~ of available new scientific techniques to animate Virtual Humans, in a new control scheme that better answers industrial expectations.

  3. FSU-2.0151 Supplier Diversity Program (1) There is hereby created the Florida State University Supplier Diversity Program ["Program"]. Its purpose shall

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    McQuade, D. Tyler

    FSU-2.0151 Supplier Diversity Program (1) There is hereby created the Florida State University Supplier Diversity Program ["Program"]. Its purpose shall be to provide opportunities for small, minority

  4. 6C2R-2.151 Supplier Diversity Program (1) There is hereby created the Florida State University Supplier Diversity Program

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    McQuade, D. Tyler

    6C2R-2.151 Supplier Diversity Program (1) There is hereby created the Florida State University Supplier Diversity Program ["Program"]. Its purpose shall be to provide opportunities for small, minority

  5. From Benefit Sharing to Power Sharing: Partnership Governance in Population Genomics Research

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Winickoff, David E

    2008-01-01

    failures of the Human Genome Diversity Project, communitysampling, and the Human Genome Diversity Project eventuallyCommunity of the Human Genome Diversity Project, ‘Proposed

  6. Office of Economic Impact and Diversity 2003 annual report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    None, None

    2004-05-01

    This report covers a one-year period in which the Office successfully completed several major activities. The Office of Economic Impact and Diversity (ED) is responsible for the development and implementation of Department-wide polices in the areas of small business, diversity and minority economic development. ED oversees civil rights laws, rules, and regulations, and establishes Department-wide civil rights policy. Additionally, ED promotes excellence in the workplace and adheres to the objectives stated below relative to the President’s Management Agenda (PMA): Strategic management of human capital; Competitive sourcing; Improved financial performance; Expanded electronic government, and Budget and performance integration

  7. Introduction Animals exploit numerous sources of information while

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lohmann, Kenneth J.

    geographic position. For human navigators, this need is now usually met by a global positioning system (GPS3697 Introduction Animals exploit numerous sources of information while migrating, homing with two potential types of information. The simplest of these is directional or compass information, which

  8. Copyright 1999 Psychonomic Society, Inc. 316 Animal Learning & Behavior

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Galef Jr., Bennett G.

    Copyright 1999 Psychonomic Society, Inc. 316 Animal Learning & Behavior 1999, 27 (3), 316-322 After with a particular challenge use informa- tion extracted from conspecifics to direct their subsequent foraging (Galef Sciences and En- gineering Research Council of Canada. Correspondence should be ad- dressed to B. G. Galef

  9. AUTOMATED ROBOTIC TRACKING OF GELATINOUS ANIMALS IN THE A DISSERTATION

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stanford University

    AUTOMATED ROBOTIC TRACKING OF GELATINOUS ANIMALS IN THE DEEP OCEAN A DISSERTATION SUBMITTED and challenge of accessing the deep ocean continue to limit long-duration observa- tions of gelatinous marine impractical in the deep ocean with current technology. Behaviors of gelatinous species, collectively referred

  10. animals --produce characteristic, heritable incubation times and patterns of brain

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hays, Graeme

    animals -- produce characteristic, heritable incubation times and patterns of brain damage, the animalslivedalong,TSE-freelife,andmostly did not accumulate PrPSc in their brains (B. Chesebro, Rocky Mountain Labs, Hamilton, Montana). The injection of PrPSc -negative brain extracts from these mice into further

  11. A shading pipeline for 2D animation techniques HEDLENA BEZERRA

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    de Figueiredo, Luiz Henrique

    A shading pipeline for 2D animation techniques HEDLENA BEZERRA 1 , LUIZ VELHO 2 , BRUNO FEIJÓ 1 1 Pura e Aplicada Figure 1: Pipeline - [D] Digitization; [T] Skeletonization; [C] Curve Extraction; [N is unknown, and the position information lacks depth. This work describes a pipeline to process 2D images

  12. Grain Sorghum By-Product Feeds for Farm Animals

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    1951-01-01

    . GRAIN SORGHUM BY-PRODUCT FEEDS FOR FARM ANIMALS 15 SORGHUJI GLUTEN FEED Sorghum gluten feed was used in three different combi- nations in experimental rations for fattening steers. In the first ration, it was fed as the only concentrate received... .................................................................................................. 18 Sorghum gluten meal .................................................................................. 18 experimental ration ............................................................................. 18...

  13. Virtual Lung Project Animated Film Series The Challenge

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Whitton, Mary C.

    Virtual Lung Project Animated Film Series The Challenge This film series seeks to educate lung. Each video describes a process the lung undergoes to function properly. Through integration of 3D of the lung's functions and purposes. Because mucus flow and ciliary movement are groundbreaking research

  14. Actors vs. Animation for Adult Learning ? Debbie Richards

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Richards, Debbie

    Actors vs. Animation for Adult Learning ? Debbie Richards Human Centred Systems Group Computing computer based training has been around for decades, the marriage of games and education is not so old, the marriage is destined to last. What is not so clear is whether playing games is suited to adult learning

  15. From Robots to Animals: Virtual Fences for Controlling Cattle

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rus, Daniela

    From Robots to Animals: Virtual Fences for Controlling Cattle Zack Butler Peter Corke Ron Peterson the centuries. Cattle and other livestock forage over large paddocks whose perimeters are usually bounded. Nevertheless herding remains a labor intensive activity when cattle and sheep graze over large paddocks

  16. Perception of Body and Hand Animations for Realistic Virtual Characters

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Duchowski, Andrew T.

    Perception of Body and Hand Animations for Realistic Virtual Characters Sophie J¨org Dissertation human is still a big challenge. The motions of a virtual character in a movie or in a game have a large. However, despite great improvements in recent years, creating a persua- sive and highly realistic virtual

  17. Drawing Outside the Lines Animation Workshop: Paint On Glass Assignment

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Drawing Outside the Lines Animation Workshop: Paint On Glass Assignment Due Thursday, Nov.19 th , 9 on this in the 2D Lab in the Com Bldg, or in the DV Linear Paint-On- Glass Suite in the Library. Prepare your

  18. A Web-based Animation Authoring Application for Quadrupedal Characters 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Murphy, Krista Lea

    2014-12-03

    AUTHORING APPLICATION FOR QUADRUPEDAL CHARACTERS A Thesis by KRISTA LEA MURPHY Submitted to the Office of Graduate and Professional Studies of Texas A&M University in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE Chair... . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2 1.2 Contributions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2 2. BACKGROUND . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 2.1 Methods for Authoring Animation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 2...

  19. Virtual Humans for Animation, Ergonomics, and Simulation Norman Badler

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Badler, Norman I.

    Virtual Humans for Animation, Ergonomics, and Simulation Norman Badler Center for Human Modeling speed and control methods needed to portray 3D virtual humans suitable for real interactive applications of Pennsylvania with the Jack system. Various aspects of real­time virtual humans are considered

  20. Analysis of Percussion Grip for Physically Based Character Animation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    . Firstly, it provides realistic exam- ples of the human motion under study for driving the virtualAnalysis of Percussion Grip for Physically Based Character Animation Alexandre Bou¨enard* Marcelo This paper presents the analysis of percussion tech- nique for the simulation of virtual timpani playing sit

  1. 36 african birdlife he Animal Demography Unit (ADU)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    de Villiers, Marienne

    2423 · e-mail adu-info@uct.ac.za · www.adu.org.za CitiZen SCienCe WeeK The Animal Demography Unit is celebrating a Citizen Science Week from Saturday, 20 September to Sunday, 28 September 2014.We encourage bird citizen scientists. The Cape Town ADU Citizen Science Day will be held on Saturday, 20 Septem- ber

  2. Nitrite in feed: From Animal health to human health

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Cockburn, Andrew; Brambilla, Gianfranco; Fernández, Maria-Luisa; Arcella, Davide; Peteghem, Carlos van; Dorne, Jean-Lou

    2013-08-01

    Nitrite is widely consumed from the diet by animals and humans. However the largest contribution to exposure results from the in vivo conversion of exogenously derived nitrate to nitrite. Because of its potential to cause to methaemoglobin (MetHb) formation at excessive levels of intake, nitrite is regulated in feed and water as an undesirable substance. Forages and contaminated water have been shown to contain high levels of nitrate and represent the largest contributor to nitrite exposure for food-producing animals. Interspecies differences in sensitivity to nitrite intoxication principally result from physiological and anatomical differences in nitrite handling. In the case of livestock both pigs and cattle are relatively susceptible. With pigs this is due to a combination of low levels of bacterial nitrite reductase and hence potential to reduce nitrite to ammonia as well as reduced capacity to detoxify MetHb back to haemoglobin (Hb) due to intrinsically low levels of MetHb reductase. In cattle the sensitivity is due to the potential for high dietary intake and high levels of rumen conversion of nitrate to nitrite, and an adaptable gut flora which at normal loadings shunts nitrite to ammonia for biosynthesis. However when this escape mechanism gets overloaded, nitrite builds up and can enter the blood stream resulting in methemoglobinemia. Looking at livestock case histories reported in the literature no-observed-effect levels of 3.3 mg/kg body weight (b.w.) per day for nitrite in pigs and cattle were estimated and related to the total daily nitrite intake that would result from complete feed at the EU maximum permissible level. This resulted in margins of safety of 9-fold and 5-fold for pigs and cattle, respectively. Recognising that the bulkiness of animal feed limits their consumption, these margins in conjunction with good agricultural practise were considered satisfactory for the protection of livestock health. A human health risk assessment was also carried out taking into account all direct and indirect sources of nitrite from the human diet, including carry-over of nitrite in animal-based products such as milk, eggs and meat products. Human exposure was then compared with the acceptable daily intake (ADI) for nitrite of 0-0.07 mg/kg b.w. per day. Overall, the low levels of nitrite in fresh animal products represented only 2.9% of the total daily dietary exposure and thus were not considered to raise concerns for human health. It is concluded that the potential health risk to animals from the consumption of feed or to man from eating fresh animal products containing nitrite, is very low.

  3. A Cognitive Analysis of the Perception of Shape and Motion Cooperation in Virtual Animations

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    A Cognitive Analysis of the Perception of Shape and Motion Cooperation in Virtual Animations Amel]: Animation; J.5 [Arts and humanities]: Arts, fine and performing. Keywords: Computer animation, cognitive of animations. All the interviews are recorded on audiovisual support. 4) Focusing the discourses of the human

  4. BAP Sparsing: A Novel Approach to MPEG-4 Body Animation Parameter Compression

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bhandarkar, Suchendra "Suchi" M.

    , such as virtual humans [1] [2]. A virtual human body model is animated using a stream of body animation parameters virtual bodies and their animation to be compressed using a standard compression pipeline comprisingBAP Sparsing: A Novel Approach to MPEG-4 Body Animation Parameter Compression Siddhartha

  5. Virtual Human Animation Based on Movement Observation and Cognitive Behavior Models

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Badler, Norman I.

    Virtual Human Animation Based on Movement Observation and Cognitive Behavior Models Norman I Philadelphia, PA 19104­6389 Abstract Automatically animating virtual humans with actions that reflect real for the future of real­time virtual human animation. 1 Introduction Automatically animating virtual humans

  6. Ethnic Diversity in Materials Science and Engineering. A report on the workshop on ethnic diversity in materials science and engineering.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Schwartz, Justin

    2014-06-30

    The immediate goal of the workshop was to elevate and identify issues and challenges that have impeded participation of diverse individuals in MSE. The longerterm goals are to continue forward by gathering and disseminating data, launching and tracking initiatives to mitigate the impediments, and increase the number of diverse individuals pursuing degrees and careers in MSE. The larger goal, however, is to create over time an ever-increasing number of role models in science fields who will, in turn, draw others in to contribute to the workforce of the future.

  7. My Hudson River A short film animation by

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Berkowitz, Alan R.

    's called an estuary. Sunday, May 31, 15 #12;Data Sets Used Fish Populations Salt Levels Historic Pollution. This is called salinity. Data was collected from 6 cities and heights along the river, as you can see

  8. MPEG-4 Body Animation Parameters (BAPs) are used for animation of MPEG-4 compliant virtual human-like characters. Distributed virtual reality applications and networked games on

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Li, Kang

    Power Aware Compression Algorithms for MPEG-4 Virtual Human Animation in Mobile Computers Siddhartha virtual human (avatar) animation is used in many applications that depict human models interacting decompression, is needed. MPEG-4 has proposed H-Anim standards to represent virtual human-like characters [7] [8

  9. Plant species loss decreases arthropod diversity and shifts trophic structure

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Thomas, David D.

    ,1 * Gregory M. Crutsinger,2 Kevin Gross,3 John Haarstad,4 Johannes M.H. Knops5 and David Tilman4 1. 2001; Balvanera et al. 2006; Crutsinger et al. 2006; Johnson et al. 2006), and whether the effects Ltd/CNRS #12;Hutchinson 1959; Southwood et al. 1979; Strong et al. 1984). Second, diverse plant

  10. Bird diversity indicates ecological value in urban home prices

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wallace, Mark C.

    have been proven to benefit housing values with little need for nuanced ecological assessmentBird diversity indicates ecological value in urban home prices Michael C. Farmer & Mark C. Wallace are equally valuable. Also some ecologically valuable space appears on private residences, not only public

  11. A latitudinal diversity gradient in planktonic marine bacteria

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Brown, James H.

    A latitudinal diversity gradient in planktonic marine bacteria Jed A. Fuhrman* , Joshua A. Steele and attribute this to their high abundance and dispersal capabilities would suggest that bacteria, the smallest. Despite the high abundance and potentially high dispersal of bacteria, they exhibit geographic patterns

  12. Air Pollution Impacts on Ecosystems and Biological Diversity

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Air Pollution Impacts on Ecosystems and Biological Diversity in the Eastern United States Threats CITATION Lovett, G.M., and T.H. Tear. 2008. Threats from Above: Air Pollution Impacts on Ecosystems and nitrogen pollution. © Eric Middelkoop/BigStockPhoto.com Botom: A newly hatched common loon chick is watched

  13. DIVERSION OF ADULT SALMON BY AN ELECTRICAL FIELD

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    DIVERSION OF ADULT SALMON BY AN ELECTRICAL FIELD Marine Biological Laboratory : -1958 WOODS HOLE OF ADULT SALMON BY AN ELECTRICAL FIELD By Roger E. Burrows Fishery Research Biologist Entiat, Wash. Bureau 1957 #12;ABSTRACT An electrical weir consisting of a line of hanging electrodes and a submerged ground

  14. Integrating diverse methods to understand climateland interactions in East Africa

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Integrating diverse methods to understand climate­land interactions in East Africa Jennifer M-disciplinary scientists examining climate­land dynamics at multiple scales in East Africa. East Africa is a region Ltd. All rights reserved. Keywords: Climate change; Land use; Africa; Modeling; Biocomplexity; Human

  15. Genetic diversity in the Eucalyptus stem pathogen Teratosphaeria zuluensis

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Genetic diversity in the Eucalyptus stem pathogen Teratosphaeria zuluensis M. N. CortinasA , I is one of the most important diseases affecting plantation-grown Eucalyptus trees. Little is known,MalawiandChinasuggestthatSouthAfricaismostprobablynotthecentreoforiginofthepathogenashaspreviously been suggested. Additional keywords: ascomycete, Eucalyptus stem canker, Kirramyces zuluensis

  16. Fungal Diversity Chrysoporthe doradensis sp. nov. pathogenic to Eucalyptus in

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fungal Diversity Chrysoporthe doradensis sp. nov. pathogenic to Eucalyptus in Ecuador Marieka. and Wingfield, M.J. (2005). Chrysoporthe doradensis sp. nov. pathogenic to Eucalyptus in Ecuador. Fungal Eucalyptus in various South American countries. This disease has not previously been recorded from Ecuador

  17. Bacterial Diversity in Livestock Manure Composts as Characterized by Terminal

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tiquia-Arashiro, Sonia M.

    Bacterial Diversity in Livestock Manure Composts as Characterized by Terminal Restriction Fragment in the decomposition of organic matter during the composting process. However, microbial communities active in composts of bacterial communities in livestock manure compost was determined based on terminal restriction fragment

  18. New orthogonal space-time block codes with full diversity 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dalton, Lori Anne

    2002-01-01

    It has been shown from the Hurwitz-Radon theorem that square complex orthogonal space-time code designs cannot achieve full diversity and full rate simul-taneously, except in the two transmit antenna case. However, this result does not consider non...

  19. Diversity of gene expression in adenocarcinoma of the lung

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Botstein, David

    Diversity of gene expression in adenocarcinoma of the lung Mitchell E. Garber*, Olga G. Troyanskaya Contributed by David Botstein, September 21, 2001 The global gene expression profiles for 67 human lung tumors pathologic analysis. Four main histologic subtypes of lung cancer are regularly distinguished by tumor

  20. Misclassification bias: diversity in conceptualisations about having `had sex'

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Misclassification bias: diversity in conceptualisations about having `had sex' Stephanie A. SandersA,C,F and Robin R. MilhausenA,C,G A The Kinsey Institute for Research in Sex, Gender, and Reproduction, Morrison of the word `sex' has implications for both medical research and clinical practice. Little is known about how

  1. Trade Diversion from Tomato Suspension Agreements Kathy Baylis*

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Perloff, Jeffrey M.

    the effect of the VPR on trade in fresh tomatoes among the North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTATrade Diversion from Tomato Suspension Agreements Kathy Baylis* Assistant Professor, Agriculture-3310 Abstract: Trade barriers can cause output to be diverted to other countries and into other products. We

  2. Greater fuel diversity needed to meet growing US electricity demand

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Burt, B.; Mullins, S.

    2008-01-15

    Electricity demand is growing in the USA. One way to manage the uncertainty is to diversity fuel sources. Fuel sources include coal, natural gas, nuclear and renewable energy sources. Tables show actual and planned generation projects by fuel types. 1 fig., 2 tabs.

  3. GEOGRAPHICAL APPROACHES TO CROP CONSERVATION: THE PARTITIONINGOF GENETIC DIVERSITY IN

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Douches, David S.

    , University of Wisconsin, Mad- ison, W15 3706) and David S. Douches(Department of Crop and Soil ScienceGEOGRAPHICAL APPROACHES TO CROP CONSERVATION: THE PARTITIONINGOF GENETIC DIVERSITY IN ANDEAN POTATOES1 KARL S. ZIMMERER AND DAVID S. DOUCHES Zimmerer,Karl S. (Department of Geography, 384 Science Hall

  4. Research paper Speciation and diversication of parasite lineages

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Poulin, Robert

    of solar radiation received, as the principal mecha- nisms responsible for spatial variation in rates related taxa. Using data from helminth parasite communities in 76 species of birds and 114 species driving forces in the diversi®cation of parasitic helminth lineages. Key words: adaptive radiation

  5. The chimaera project: an online database of animal motions 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gele, Julie Katherine

    2009-05-15

    links to favorite tutorials and a variety of resources. Currently, few websites exist that contain free, albeit limited, content for rigging. Websites, such as Rigging101 (http://www.rigging101.com/), hosted by two Vancouver Film School students..., features five unique rigs. These rigs are well documented with well developed instructions, but they feature no associated animations. Only one of the rigs is a quadruped. The website also houses a variety of scripts and visual tutorials, a great...

  6. Toxicity studies with Sesbania spp. in domestic and laboratory animals 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Whall, Jeffrey DePass

    1982-01-01

    were all recorded simultaneously by the physiograph. The animal was anesthetized with sodium penotobarbitol, intubated, and allowed to stabilize, then baseline readings were taken. Intravenous injections of the extract were then made at time... were evaluated for Packed Cell Volume (PCV), total serum protein (TSP), serum glutamic oxalacetic transaminase (SGOT), blood urea nitrogen (BUN), Serum Potassium (k) and Sodium (Na), levels. PCV, TSPs, and SGOT's were run within two days after...

  7. Video, Audio, and Animation Text Versions for Web Accessibility |

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on DeliciousMathematics And Statistics » USAJobs Search USAJobsAdvancedVeteran Leadership StrongVideo, Animation,

  8. Fish Population and Behavior Revealed by Instantaneous

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fish Population and Behavior Revealed by Instantaneous Continental Shelf­Scale Imaging Nicholas C-transect methods from slow-moving research vessels. These methods significantly undersample fish populations in time and space, leaving an incomplete and ambiguous record of abundance and behavior. We show that fish

  9. Life history, longevity and aging Population ecology

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wilkinson, Gerald S.

    = intrinsic rate of population growth dN/dt = (b-d)N = rN "r-selected" #12;Logistic population growth Addition of a density dependent term results in logistic growth K = carrying capacity dN/dt = rN (K-N)/K "K to allocation of resources between maintenance and reproduction #12;Reproductive value · Age

  10. Populations of Galaxies Building a Galaxy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Crenshaw, Michael

    hydrogen fusion), M > 100M! (star's radiation pressure exceeds gravity) (M) M Salpeter (1955) = 2.35 Total-Luminosity Relations · Initial Mass Function · Star Formation Rates · Heavy Element Enrichment · Evolution spectrum and determine predicted colors for a population of stars? · Start a population with an initial

  11. Population density of San Joaquin kit fox

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    McCue, P.; O'Farrell, T.P.; Kato, T.; Evans, B.G.

    1982-01-01

    Populations of the endangered San Joaquin kit fox, vulpes macrotis mutica, are known to occur on the Elk Hills Naval Petroleum Reserve No. 1. This study assess the impact of intensified petroleum exploration and production and associated human activities on kit fox population density. (ACR)

  12. Workshop on Excellence Empowered by a Diverse Academic Workforce: Achieving Racial & Ethnic Equity in Chemistry

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hassan. B. Ali

    2008-02-13

    The purpose of the Workshop 'Excellence Empowered by a Diverse Academic Workforce: Achieving Racial & Ethnic Equity in Chemistry' was to promote the development of a cadre of academic leaders who create, implement and promote programs and strategies for increasing the number of racial and ethnic minorities to equitable proportions on the faculties of departments throughout the academic chemistry community. An important objective of the workshop was to assist in creating an informed and committed community of chemistry leaders who will create, implement and promote programs and strategies to advance racial and ethnic equity in both the faculty and the student body with the goal of increasing the number of U.S. citizen underrepresented minorities (URM) participating in academic chemistry at all levels, with particular focus on the pipeline to chemistry faculty. This objective was met by (1) presentations of detailed data describing current levels of racial and ethnic minorities on the faculties of chemistry departments; (2) frank discussion of the obstacles to and benefits of racial/ethnic diversity in the chemistry professoriate; (3) summary of possible effective interventions and actions; and (4) promotion of the dissemination and adoption of initiatives designed to achieve racial/ethnic equity. Federal programs over the past thirty years have been instrumental in delivering to our universities URM students intending to major in the physical sciences such as chemistry. However, the near absence of URM faculty means that there is also an absence of URM as role models for aspiring students. For example, citing 2003 as a representative year, some statistics reveal the severity of the pipeline shrinkage for U. S. citizen URM starting from chemistry B.S. degrees awarded to the appointment to chemistry faculty. Compared to the URM population of approximately 30% for that year, 67% of the B.S. degrees in chemistry were awarded to white citizens and 17% were awarded to URM citizens. Proceeding along the pipeline, 83% of the Ph.D. degrees in chemistry were awarded to white citizens, and 6.4% were awarded to URM citizens. The number of white citizens occupying tenure faculty lines in chemistry departments at major research universities is estimated to be 86%, while the corresponding lines for URM was estimated to be only 3.7% in 2003. In raw numbers, the number of white chemistry faculty is estimated to be 1459 and the number of URM faculty was estimated to be just 62. Thus, starting with 16.6% for URM students awarded B.S. degrees in chemistry, the number decreases to 6.4% for URM students awarded Ph.D degrees in chemistry and then dwindles to only 3.6% URM faculty in major research universities, compared to a population of approximately 30% URM citizens. Similar statistics for URM representation in chemistry is found for the last two decades. Clearly there is a serious lack of URM mentors and role models among tenure faculty in our chemistry departments. The impact of this deficiency is captured in the statement that 'A university's lack of minority faculty sends a message to its students that minorities have no place in academia' thereby perpetuating a cycle of marginalization and discrimination. The lack of mentors and role models in academia deprive URM students who pass through the undergraduate programs of an education that is enriched by the intellectual and cognitive diversity that is inherent in a faculty of diverse backgrounds and cultures. Furthermore, URM are projected to constitute almost 32% of the U.S. population by 2020, so that URM will outnumber White males [who are projected to constitute 30% of the population (U.S. Census data)]. It is clearly time for this to change and proactive programs are needed immediately in order to insure that there will be an optimal inclusion of the future 'majority' of the U. S. domestic population throughout all levels of academia. The workshop was organized with the intention of triggering such a change by working with key representatives of chemistry in academia, namely the chem

  13. Population Characteristics and Seasonal Movement Patterns of the Rattlesnake Hills Elk Herd - Status Report 2000

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Tiller, Brett L; Cadwell, Larry L; Zufelt, Rhett K; Turner, Scott D; Turner, Gerald K

    2000-10-10

    Wildlife biologists documented an isolated elk population in 1972 on the U.S. Department of Energy's (DOE) Hanford Site. Since then the herd has grown, exceeding 800 animals in 1999. Limited harvests on adjacent private lands have occurred since 1986. The large herd size coupled with limited annual harvest have increased concerns about private land crop damages, vehicle collisions, degradation of the native environment, and the herd's use of radiologically controlled areas on the Hanford Site. As a result, in 1999, a decision was made by the Washington Department of Fish and Wildlife (WDFW) (animal management), the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service (USFWS) (land management), and DOE (landowner) to conduct a large-scale animal roundup to remove elk from the DOE-owned lands and relocate them to distant areas within Washington State. The interagency roundup and relocation occurred in spring 2000. This report presents the current status of the herd size and composition, annual removal estimates, and some limited seasonal area-use patterns by several radio-collared elk subsequent to the large-scale elk roundup. The elk herd maintained an approximate 25% annual increase until 2000. A large harvest offsite in 1999 coupled with the large-scale roundup in spring 2000 reduced herd size to the current estimate of 660 animals. As of August 2000, the herd consisted of 287 (43%) males, 282 (42%) females, and 91 (13%) calves. There has been a notable cycling of calf recruitment rates throughout the 1990s and in 2000. Elk home-range estimates revealed a substantial decrease in summer home ranges in 2000, presumably, in part, as a result of the summer 2000 Hanford Site wildfire. Movement analysis also determined that, as population size increased, so has the frequency and extent of the animals' offsite movements, particularly on private lands adjacent to the Hanford Site in both spring and summer seasons. The frequency and duration of movements by male elk onto the central portions of the Hanford Site has increased substantially as the population increased.

  14. Population genomics20-02-2009 Antnio Rodrigues; Bruno Santos / 59 Population Genomics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Goldschmidt, Christina

    Population genomics20-02-2009 António Rodrigues; Bruno Santos / 59 Population Genomics 1 António Rodrigues (PDBC 2008) Bruno Santos (PDBC 2008) #12;Population genomics20-02-2009 António Rodrigues; Bruno Santos / 59 Contents 2 2 1000 genome project 1 Motivation and Introduction New generation sequencing

  15. Synthetic Approaches to Skeletally Diverse Sultams Using Vinyl- and ?-Halo Benzenesulfonamides

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jeon, KyuOk

    2012-08-31

    The development of new chemical methods to generate novel and diverse structures to probe chemical space is an important aspect of early phase drug discovery. Diversity-Oriented Synthesis (DOS) is a powerful strategy that ...

  16. Species Diversity and Distribution in Presence?Absence Matrices: Mathematical Relationships and Biological Implications

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Arita, Hé ctor T.; Christen, J. André s; Rodrí guez, Pilar; Soberó n, Jorge

    2008-10-01

    mathematical and biological relationships. We develop a theory and analyze data for North American mammals to interpret range?diversity plots in which the species diversity of sites and the geographic range of species can be depicted simultaneously. We show...

  17. Building Resilience with Diverse Communities: Faith-Based and Community Organizations in Emergency Preparedness

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    McShea, Daniel W.

    Building Resilience with Diverse Communities: Faith-Based and Community Organizations in Emergency., Tischner, E. C., & Murawski, M. B. (2012, November). Organizational Capacity Building to Promote Community, J. D. (2011, May). Building Resilience with Diverse Communities: Miami-Dade. Presented

  18. Morphological taxonomy, DNA barcoding, and species diversity in southern Rocky Mountain headwater streams

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zamudio, Kelly R.

    Morphological taxonomy, DNA barcoding, and species diversity in southern Rocky Mountain headwater and Conditions #12;MOLECULAR APPROACHES IN FRESHWATER ECOLOGY Morphological taxonomy, DNA barcoding, and species: diversity, elevation, DNA barcoding, taxonomy, aquatic insect, EPT, southern Rocky Mountain Elevation

  19. A new approach to increasing diversity in engineering at the example of women in engineering 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Schäfer, Andrea

    2006-01-01

    A new initiative to incorporate diversity issues into the common engineering curriculum at the University of Wollongong (UoW) in Australia is outlined and the effect on student awareness quantified. The diversity issues ...

  20. When Emergency Rooms Close: Ambulance Diversion in the West San Fernando Valley

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Natasha Mihal; Renee Moilanen

    2005-01-01

    of diversion on the West Valley, identifies major problemsa working group of the five West Valley hospitals to exposehigh diversion rates in the West Valley and proposed ways to

  1. Performance evaluation of transmit diversity techniques in the CDMA 2000 standard

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Vajapeyam, Murali S. (Murali Srinivasan)

    2004-01-01

    This thesis evaluates the performance of two forward-link transmit diversity techniques in the CDMA2000 standard: Space-Time Spreading (STS) and Phase-Sweep Transmit Diversity (PSTD). For each technique, the evaluation ...

  2. Office of Supplier Diversity Development Summer 2010 Edition DO MINORITY BUSINESS PROGRAMS REALLY WORK?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pittendrigh, Barry

    1 Office of Supplier Diversity Development Summer 2010 Edition DO MINORITY BUSINESS PROGRAMS REALLY participants involved to show funders and others you are serving big numbers. Even corporate supplier diversity

  3. Assessment of Technologies Used to Characterize Wildlife Populations in the Offshore Environment

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Duberstein, Corey A.; Tagestad, Jerry D.; Larson, Kyle B.

    2011-12-09

    Wind energy development in the offshore environment can have both direct and indirect effects on wildlife, yet little is known about most species that use near-shore and offshore waters due in part to the difficulty involved in studying animals in remote, challenging environments. Traditional methods to characterize offshore wildlife populations include shipboard observations. Technological advances have provided researches with an array of technologies to gather information about fauna from afar. This report describes the use and application of radar, thermal and optical imagery, and acoustic detection technologies for monitoring birds, bats, and marine mammals in offshore environments.

  4. Isolation of a significant fraction of non-phototroph diversity from a desert Biological Soil Crust

    DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

    Nunes da Rocha, Ulisses; Cadillo-Quiroz, Hinsby; Karaoz, Ulas; Rajeev, Lara; Klitgord, Niels; Dunn, Sean; Truong, Viet; Buenrostro, Mayra; Bowen, Benjamin P.; Garcia-Pichel, Ferran; et al

    2015-04-14

    Biological Soil Crusts (BSCs) are organosedimentary assemblages comprised of microbes and minerals in topsoil of terrestrial environments. BSCs strongly impact soil quality in dryland ecosystems (e.g., soil structure and nutrient yields) due to pioneer species such as Microcoleus vaginatus; phototrophs that produce filaments that bind the soil together, and support an array of heterotrophic microorganisms. These microorganisms in turn contribute to soil stability and biogeochemistry of BSCs. Non-cyanobacterial populations of BSCs are less well known than cyanobacterial populations. Therefore, we attempted to isolate a broad range of numerically significant and phylogenetically representative BSC aerobic heterotrophs. Combining simple pre-treatments (hydration ofmore »BSCs under dark and light) and isolation strategies (media with varying nutrient availability and protection from oxidative stress) we recovered 402 bacterial and one fungal isolate in axenic culture, which comprised 116 phylotypes (at 97% 16S rRNA gene sequence homology), 115 bacterial and one fungal. Each medium enriched a mostly distinct subset of phylotypes, and cultivated phylotypes varied due to the BSC pre-treatment. The fraction of the total phylotype diversity isolated, weighted by relative abundance in the community, was determined by the overlap between isolate sequences and OTUs reconstructed from metagenome or metatranscriptome reads. Together, more than 8% of relative abundance of OTUs in the metagenome was represented by our isolates, a cultivation efficiency much larger than typically expected from most soils. We conclude that simple cultivation procedures combined with specific pre-treatment of samples afford a significant reduction in the culturability gap, enabling physiological and metabolic assays that rely on ecologically relevant axenic cultures.« less

  5. Isolation of a significant fraction of non-phototroph diversity from a desert Biological Soil Crust

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Nunes da Rocha, Ulisses; Cadillo-Quiroz, Hinsby; Karaoz, Ulas; Rajeev, Lara; Klitgord, Niels; Dunn, Sean; Truong, Viet; Buenrostro, Mayra; Bowen, Benjamin P.; Garcia-Pichel, Ferran; Mukhopadhyay, Aindrila; Northen, Trent R.; Brodie, Eoin L.

    2015-04-14

    Biological Soil Crusts (BSCs) are organosedimentary assemblages comprised of microbes and minerals in topsoil of terrestrial environments. BSCs strongly impact soil quality in dryland ecosystems (e.g., soil structure and nutrient yields) due to pioneer species such as Microcoleus vaginatus; phototrophs that produce filaments that bind the soil together, and support an array of heterotrophic microorganisms. These microorganisms in turn contribute to soil stability and biogeochemistry of BSCs. Non-cyanobacterial populations of BSCs are less well known than cyanobacterial populations. Therefore, we attempted to isolate a broad range of numerically significant and phylogenetically representative BSC aerobic heterotrophs. Combining simple pre-treatments (hydration of BSCs under dark and light) and isolation strategies (media with varying nutrient availability and protection from oxidative stress) we recovered 402 bacterial and one fungal isolate in axenic culture, which comprised 116 phylotypes (at 97% 16S rRNA gene sequence homology), 115 bacterial and one fungal. Each medium enriched a mostly distinct subset of phylotypes, and cultivated phylotypes varied due to the BSC pre-treatment. The fraction of the total phylotype diversity isolated, weighted by relative abundance in the community, was determined by the overlap between isolate sequences and OTUs reconstructed from metagenome or metatranscriptome reads. Together, more than 8% of relative abundance of OTUs in the metagenome was represented by our isolates, a cultivation efficiency much larger than typically expected from most soils. We conclude that simple cultivation procedures combined with specific pre-treatment of samples afford a significant reduction in the culturability gap, enabling physiological and metabolic assays that rely on ecologically relevant axenic cultures.

  6. Appreciating HIV-1 diversity: subtypic differences in ENV

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Gnanakaran, S; Shen, Tongye; Lynch, Rebecca M; Derdeyn, Cynthia A

    2008-01-01

    Human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) group M is responsible for the current AIDS pandemic and exhibits exceedingly high levels of viral genetic diversity around the world, necessitating categorization of viruses into distinct lineages, or subtypes. These subtypes can differ by around 35% in the envelope (Env) glycoproteins of the virus, which are displayed on the surface of the virion and are targets for both neutralizing antibody and cell-mediated immune responses. This diversity reflects the remarkable ability of the virus to adapt to selective pressures, the bulk of which is applied by the host immune response, and represents a serious obstacle for developing an effective vaccine with broad coverage. Thus, it is important to understand the underlying biological consequences of inter-subtype diversity. Recent studies have revealed that the HIV-1 subtypes exhibit phenotypic differences that result from subtle differences in Env structure, particularly within the highly immunogenic V3 domain, which participates directly in viral entry. This review will therefore explore current research that describes subtypic differences in Env at the genetic and phenotypic level, focusing in particular on V3, and highlighting recent discoveries about the unique features of subtype C Env, which is the most prevalent subtype globally.

  7. TREE TRAILS Promoting `diversity' is a basic principle of urban forestry. A diverse forest implies a more resilient

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    multiple text features and graphics to gain and overview of the contents of text and to locate information, tables, charts, and diagrams. 5.9 (A) locate and name points on a coordinate grid using ordered paires to the survival of plants and animals. Social Studies: 5.6 (A) apply geographic tools, including grid systems

  8. Energy Systems and Population Health

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ezzati, Majid; Bailis, Rob; Kammen, Daniel M.; Holloway, Tracey; Price, Lynn; Cifuentes, Luis A.; Barnes, Brendon; Chaurey, Akanksha; Dhanapala, Kiran N.

    2004-04-12

    It is well-documented that energy and energy systems have a central role in social and economic development and human welfare at all scales, from household and community to regional and national (41). Among its various welfare effects, energy is closely linked with people s health. Some of the effects of energy on health and welfare are direct. With abundant energy, more food or more frequent meals can be prepared; food can be refrigerated, increasing the types of food items that are consumed and reducing food contamination; water pumps can provide more water and eliminate the need for water storage leading to contamination or increased exposure to disease vectors such as mosquitoes or snails; water can be disinfected by boiling or using other technologies such as radiation. Other effects of energy on public health are mediated through more proximal determinants of health and disease. Abundant energy can lead to increased irrigation, agricultural productivity, and access to food and nutrition; access to energy can also increase small-scale income generation such as processing of agricultural commodities (e.g., producing refined oil from oil seeds, roasting coffee, drying and preserving fruits and meats) and production of crafts; ability to control lighting and heating allows education or economic activities to be shielded from daily or seasonal environmental constraints such as light, temperature, rainfall, or wind; time and other economic resources spent on collecting and/or transporting fuels can be used for other household needs if access to energy is facilitated; energy availability for transportation increases access to health and education facilities and allow increased economic activity by facilitating the transportation of goods and services to and from markets; energy for telecommunication technology (radio, television, telephone, or internet) provides increased access to information useful for health, education, or economic purposes; provision of energy to rural and urban health facilities allows increased delivery and coverage of 3 various health services and interventions such as tests and treatments, better storage of medicine and vaccines, disinfection of medical equipment by boiling or radiation, and more frequent and efficient health system encounters through mobile clinics or longer working hours; and so on. In fact, while the dominant view of development-energy-health linkages has been that improvements in energy and health are outcomes of the socioeconomic development process (e.g., the ''energy ladder'' framework discussed below), it has even been argued that access to higher quality energy sources and technologies can initiate a chain of demographic, health, and development outcomes by changing the household structure and socioeconomic relationships. For example, in addition to increased opportunities for food and income production, reduced infant mortality as a result of transition to cleaner fuels or increased coverage of vaccination with availability of refrigerators in rural clinics may initiate a process of ''demographic transition'' to low-mortality and low-fertility populations (14). Such a transition has historically been followed with further improvements in maternal and child health and increased female participation in the labor markets and other economic activities.

  9. Cornell University University--University Diversity Council Rubrics for Measuring the Institutionalization of Toward New Destinations

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chen, Tsuhan

    people are aware of TND, and know that the college or unit has a diversity council. There is a commitment by the college or unit. The commitment to diversity and in- clusion is embedded in the fabric of the college or address issues around diversity and inclusion are rare. The college or unit has made a commitment

  10. Influence of soils and topography on Amazonian tree diversity: a landscape-scale study

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Harms, Kyle E.

    Influence of soils and topography on Amazonian tree diversity: a landscape-scale study Susan G. W C. C. Luiza~ o Abstract Question: How do soils and topography influence Amazonian tree diversity diversity; Species richness; Topography; Tropical trees. Introduction Central Amazonia sustains some

  11. Top-down and bottom-up diversity cascades in detrital vs. living food webs

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dyer, Lee

    REPORT Top-down and bottom-up diversity cascades in detrital vs. living food webs Lee A. Dyer1 for maintaining diversity in biotic communities, but the indirect (ÔcascadingÕ) effects of top-down and bottom in decomposer food webs. We measured effects of top predators and plant resources on the diversity of endophytic

  12. Diversity and Noise Effects in a Model of Homeostatic Regulation of the Sleep-Wake Cycle

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Toral, Raúl

    Diversity and Noise Effects in a Model of Homeostatic Regulation of the Sleep-Wake Cycle Marco is introduced and used to systematically study the generalized model for different levels of noise and diversity R (2012) Diversity and Noise Effects in a Model of Homeostatic Regulation of the Sleep- Wake Cycle

  13. DIVERSITY PROJECTS DEVELOPMENT FUND Sponsored by the Office of the Vice Chancellor for Human Resources Management

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Johnson Jr.,, Ray

    DIVERSITY PROJECTS DEVELOPMENT FUND Sponsored by the Office of the Vice Chancellor for Human The Diversity Projects Development Fund (DPDF) was established by the Office of the Vice Chancellor for Human provides administrative oversight to the Diversity Projects Development Fund. Vice Chancellor Gloriana

  14. DOWNSTREAM EFFECTS OF DIVERSION DAMS ON SEDIMENT AND HYDRAULIC CONDITIONS OF ROCKY MOUNTAIN STREAMS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Poff, N. LeRoy

    DOWNSTREAM EFFECTS OF DIVERSION DAMS ON SEDIMENT AND HYDRAULIC CONDITIONS OF ROCKY MOUNTAIN STREAMS & Sons, Ltd. key words: flow diversion; dam; fine sediment; stream management; hydraulic alteration examined the effects of variable levels of flow diversion on fine-sediment deposition, hydraulic conditions

  15. Estimating Traveler Populations at Airport and Cruise Terminals for Population Distribution and Dynamics

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Jochem, Warren C; Sims, Kelly M; Bright, Eddie A; Urban, Marie L; Rose, Amy N; Coleman, Phil R; Bhaduri, Budhendra L

    2013-01-01

    In recent years, uses of high-resolution population distribution databases are increasing steadily for environmental, socioeconomic, public health, and disaster-related research and operations. With the development of daytime population distribution, temporal resolution of such databases has been improved. However, the lack of incorporation of transitional population, namely business and leisure travelers, leaves a significant population unaccounted for within the critical infrastructure networks, such as at transportation hubs. This paper presents two general methodologies for estimating passenger populations in airport and cruise port terminals at a high temporal resolution which can be incorporated into existing population distribution models. The methodologies are geographically scalable and are based on, and demonstrate how, two different transportation hubs with disparate temporal population dynamics can be modeled utilizing publicly available databases including novel data sources of flight activity from the Internet which are updated in near-real time. The airport population estimation model shows great potential for rapid implementation for a large collection of airports on a national scale, and the results suggest reasonable accuracy in the estimated passenger traffic. By incorporating population dynamics at high temporal resolutions into population distribution models, we hope to improve the estimates of populations exposed to or at risk to disasters, thereby improving emergency planning and response, and leading to more informed policy decisions.

  16. A Decade of Population Change in Texas. 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Skrabanek, R. L.

    1963-01-01

    .4 36.4 27.8 19.7 24.9 10.1 20.2 24.2 Source: U.S. Bureau of Census, PC (1) 45A-Texas, Table 1. only three states, California, Florida and New York. The state had 5.1 percent of the nation's people in 1950 and 5.3 percent in 1960. Texas ranks... sixth in comparison with other states in total population, the same position it held in 1950. States having larger population in 1960 were New York, California, Pennsylvania, Illinois and Ohio. Population Density Although Texas ranks sixth in total...

  17. Accounting for population variation in targeted proteomics

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Fujimoto, Grant M.; Monroe, Matthew E.; Rodriguez, Larissa M.; Wu, Chaochao; MacLean, Brendan; Smith, Richard D.; MacCoss, Michael; Payne, Samuel H.

    2014-01-03

    Individual proteomes typically differ from the reference human proteome at ~10,000 single amino acid variants. When viewed at the population scale, this individual variation results in a wide variety of protein sequences. In targeted proteomics experiments, such variability would confound accurate protein quantification. To facilitate researchers in identifying target peptides with high variability within the human population we have created the Population Variation plug-in for Skyline, which provides easy access to the polymorphisms stored in dbSNP. Given a set of peptides, the tool reports minor allele frequency for common polymorphisms. We highlight the importance of considering genetic variation by applying the tool to public datasets.

  18. Hanford Site Regional Population - 2010 Census

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hamilton, Erin L.; Snyder, Sandra F.

    2011-08-12

    The U.S. Department of Energy conducts radiological operations in south-central Washington State. Population dose estimates must be performed to provide a measure of the impact from site radiological releases. Results of the U.S. 2010 Census were used to determine counts and distributions for the residential population located within 50-miles of several operating areas of the Hanford Site. Year 2010 was the first census year that a 50-mile population of a Hanford Site operational area exceeded the half-million mark.

  19. nIFTY galaxy cluster simulations III: The Similarity & Diversity of Galaxies & Subhaloes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Elahi, Pascal J; Pearce, Frazer R; Power, Chris; Yepes, Gustavo; Cui, Weiguang; Cunnama, Daniel; Kay, Scott T; Sembolini, Federico; Beck, Alexander M; Davé, Romeel; February, Sean; Huang, Shuiyao; Katz, Neal; McCarthy, Ian G; Murante, Giuseppe; Perret, Valentin; Puchwein, Ewald; Saro, Alexandro; Teyssier, Romain

    2015-01-01

    We examine subhaloes and galaxies residing in a simulated LCDM galaxy cluster ($M^{\\rm crit}_{200}=1.1\\times10^{15}M_\\odot/h$) produced by hydrodynamical codes ranging from classic Smooth Particle Hydrodynamics (SPH), newer SPH codes, an adaptive mesh code and a moving mesh scheme. These codes use subgrid models to capture galaxy formation physics. We compare how well these codes reproduce the same subhaloes/galaxies in gravity only, non-radiative hydrodynamics and full radiative physics runs by looking at the overall subhalo/galaxy distribution and on an individual objects basis. We find the subhalo population is reproduced to within $\\lesssim10\\%$ for both dark matter only and non-radiative runs, with individual objects showing code-to-code scatter of $\\lesssim0.1$ dex, although the gas in non-radiative simulations shows significant scatter. Including radiative physics significantly increases the diversity seen. The subhalo mass and $V_{max}$ distributions vary by $\\approx20\\%$, a result of feedback moving ...

  20. Putting the Dog Back in the Park: Animal and Human Mind-in-Action 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Laurier, Eric; Maze, Ramia; Lundin, Johan

    2006-01-01

    In this article we use actual instances of human conduct with animals to reflect on the debates about animal agency in human activities. Where much of psychology, philosophy, and sociology begin with a fundamental ...

  1. Reduction of Antibiotic-Resistant Bacteria Present in Food Animal Manures by Composting and Anaerobic Digestion

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jones, Michelle

    Reduction of Antibiotic-Resistant Bacteria Present in Food Animal Manures by Composting digestion and composting at mesophilic or moderate temperature significantly reduced the antimicrobial resistance in animal manure. The most effective treatment was composting at thermophilic or high temperature

  2. Decoding Plant and Animal Genome Plasticity from Differential Paleo-Evolutionary Patterns and Processes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gent, Universiteit

    Decoding Plant and Animal Genome Plasticity from Differential Paleo-Evolutionary Patterns Continuing advances in genome sequencing technologies and computational methods for comparative genomics currently allow inferring the evolutionary history of entire plant and animal genomes. Based

  3. COMPARATIVE MEDICINE LABORATORY ANIMAL FACILITIES CONTROLLED/NON-CONTROLLED SUBSTANCES REQUEST FORM

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Krovi, Venkat

    and inventory sheets must be returned to the Laboratory Animal Facilities at 204 BEB (technician's office to the Laboratory Animal Facilities at 204 BEB (technician's office). Approved by: Date: Issued By: Date: Comments

  4. Perceptions of beef cattle producers preparedness when dealing with animal activist events 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bergin, Lauren Marie

    2013-05-03

    The purpose of the study is to identify beef cattle producers’ current knowledge level of animal activism and measure the perceived level of an animal activism risk to the operation. This convenience sample consisted of beef cattle producers...

  5. 2004 Universities Federation for Animal Welfare The Old School, Brewhouse Hill, Wheathampstead,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Indiana University

    S115 © 2004 Universities Federation for Animal Welfare The Old School, Brewhouse Hill by animals in choice tests and improvements in welfare is not straightfor- ward. A range of different

  6. 2001 New York State NHTS: Travel Patterns of Special Populations

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hu, Patricia S [ORNL; Reuscher, Tim [ORNL

    2010-03-01

    Policymakers rely on transportation statistics, including data on personal travel behavior, to formulate strategic transportation policies, and to improve the safety and efficiency of the U.S. transportation system. Data on personal travel trends are needed to examine the reliability, efficiency, capacity, and flexibility of the Nation's transportation system to meet current demands and accommodate future demands; to assess the feasibility and efficiency of alternative congestion-alleviating technologies (e.g., high-speed rail, magnetically levitated trains, intelligent vehicle and highway systems); to evaluate the merits of alternative transportation investment programs; and to assess the energy-use and air-quality impacts of various policies. To address these data needs, the U.S. Department of Transportation (USDOT) initiated an effort in 1969 to collect detailed data on personal travel. The 1969 survey was the first Nationwide Personal Transportation Survey (NPTS). The survey was conducted again in 1977, 1983, 1990, 1995, and 2001. Data on daily travel were collected in 1969, 1977, 1983, 1990 and 1995. Longer-distance travel was collected in 1977 and 1995. The 2001 National Household Travel Survey (NHTS) collected both daily and longer-distance trips in one survey. The 2001 survey was sponsored by three USDOT agencies: Federal Highway Administration (FHWA), Bureau of Transportation Statistics (BTS), and National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA). The primary objective of the survey was to collect trip-based data on the nature and characteristics of personal travel so that the relationships between the characteristics of personal travel and the demographics of the traveler can be established. Commercial and institutional travel was not part of the survey. New York State participated in the 2001 NHTS by procuring additional 12,000 sample households. These additional sample households allowed New York State to address transportation planning issues pertinent to geographic areas that are significantly smaller than what the national NHTS data allowed. The final sample size for New York State was 13,423 usable households. In this report, Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL) identifies and analyzes differences, if any, in travel patterns that are attributable to demographic characteristics (e.g., gender, age, race and ethnicity), household characteristics (e.g., low income households, zero and one car households), modal characteristics and geographic location. Travel patterns of those who work at home are examined and compared to those of conventional workers, as well as those who do not work. Focus is given to trip frequency, travel by time of day, trip purpose, and mode choice. For example, included in this analysis is the mobility of the elderly population in New York State. The American society is undergoing a major demographic transformation that is resulting in a greater percentage of older individuals in the population. In addition to demographic changes, recent travel surveys show that an increasing number of older individuals are licensed to drive and that they drive more than their same age cohort did a decade ago. Cohort differences in driving are particularly apparent - not only are more of today's elderly population licensed to drive than their age cohort two decades ago, they also drive more. Equally important are the increase in immigration and in racial and cultural diversity. This report also discusses vehicle availability, socioeconomic characteristics, travel trends (e.g., miles travelled, distance driven, commute patterns), and the transportation accessibility of these populations. Specifically, this report addresses in detail the travel behavior of the following special populations: (1) the elderly, defined as those who were 65 years old or older, (2) low-income households, (3) ethnic groups and immigrants, and (4) those who worked at home.

  7. Methane recovery from animal manures: A current opportunities casebook

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    1995-08-01

    This Casebook examines some of the current opportunities for the recovery of methane from the anaerobic digestion of animal manures US livestock operations currently employ four types of anaerobic digester technology: Slurry, plug flow, complete mix, and covered lagoon. An introduction to the engineering economies of these technologies is provided, and possible end-use applications for the methane gas generated by the digestion process are discussed. The economic evaluations are based on engineering studies of digesters that generate electricity from the recovered methane. Regression models, which can be used to estimate digester cost and internal rate of return, are developed from the evaluations.

  8. Energy Supply- Production of Fuel from Agricultural and Animal Waste

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Gabriel Miller

    2009-03-25

    The Society for Energy and Environmental Research (SEER) was funded in March 2004 by the Department of Energy, under grant DE-FG-36-04GO14268, to produce a study, and oversee construction and implementation, for the thermo-chemical production of fuel from agricultural and animal waste. The grant focuses on the Changing World Technologies (CWT) of West Hempstead, NY, thermal conversion process (TCP), which converts animal residues and industrial food processing biproducts into fuels, and as an additional product, fertilizers. A commercial plant was designed and built by CWT, partially using grant funds, in Carthage, Missouri, to process animal residues from a nearby turkey processing plant. The DOE sponsored program consisted of four tasks. These were: Task 1 Optimization of the CWT Plant in Carthage - This task focused on advancing and optimizing the process plant operated by CWT that converts organic waste to fuel and energy. Task 2 Characterize and Validate Fuels Produced by CWT - This task focused on testing of bio-derived hydrocarbon fuels from the Carthage plant in power generating equipment to determine the regulatory compliance of emissions and overall performance of the fuel. Task 3 Characterize Mixed Waste Streams - This task focused on studies performed at Princeton University to better characterize mixed waste incoming streams from animal and vegetable residues. Task 4 Fundamental Research in Waste Processing Technologies - This task focused on studies performed at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) on the chemical reformation reaction of agricultural biomass compounds in a hydrothermal medium. Many of the challenges to optimize, improve and perfect the technology, equipment and processes in order to provide an economically viable means of creating sustainable energy were identified in the DOE Stage Gate Review, whose summary report was issued on July 30, 2004. This summary report appears herein as Appendix 1, and the findings of the report formed the basis for much of the subsequent work under the grant. An explanation of the process is presented as well as the completed work on the four tasks.

  9. Automated Vehicle Articulation and Animation: A Maxscript Approach 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Griffin, Christopher Corey

    2011-02-22

    stream_source_info GRIFFIN-THESIS.pdf.txt stream_content_type text/plain stream_size 68093 Content-Encoding ISO-8859-1 stream_name GRIFFIN-THESIS.pdf.txt Content-Type text/plain; charset=ISO-8859-1 AUTOMATED VEHICLE... Subject: Visualization Sciences AUTOMATED VEHICLE ARTICULATION AND ANIMATION: A MAXSCRIPT APPROACH A Thesis by CHRISTOPHER GRIFFIN Submitted to the Office of Graduate Studies of Texas A&M University in partial fulfillment of the requirements...

  10. Domestication of the neotropical tree Chrysophyllum cainito from a geographically limited yet genetically diverse gene pool in Panama

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Parker, Ingrid M.

    2014-01-01

    genetically diverse gene pool in Panama Jennifer J. Petersenincorporating a diverse gene pool. These results refute theof human influences on gene pools through selection and

  11. Introduction: The University of Connecticut Health Center is actively involved in working with animals. In

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    an allergic reaction to animals. If you are experiencing hives, a runny nose or eyes, coughing or shortness

  12. Conditions when hybridization might predispose populations

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    COMMENTARY Conditions when hybridization might predispose populations for adaptive radiation O (Sch- warzer et al., 2012), perhaps just as a consequence of many young species in geographical et al., 2011; Genner & Turner, 2012). Whether these species radiations happen despite hybridization

  13. The Population Structure of Ten Newfoundland Outports

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Martin, L. J.; Crawford, Michael H.; Koertvelyessy, T. A.; Keeping, D.; Collins, M.; Huntsman, R.

    2000-12-01

    mean per-locus heterozygosity on genetic distance from the gene frequency centroid to identify the most isolated populations. On the basis of this information, the three outports of Seal Cove, Island Harbor, and Tilting were found to be genetically...

  14. ORIGINAL PAPER Morphological differentiation among populations

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Langerhans, Brian

    vertebral column). We investigated inter-population variation in survival rate, abundance of predators presacral vertebral column, and narrower head in sites with increased abundance of spiders and snakes

  15. Neoclassical formulations of optimum population theory 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Davis, Glenn Anthony

    1971-01-01

    population concept and concludes wi. th an analysis of its modern-day version. There is widespread belief that this concept msy have originated from the so-called ulawu of secular diminishing returns as formulated by Ricardo and West. However... on the other, would be inadequate. D. P. Mukerji has noted that the development of economic thought contained within itself a motive power for the drive towards the optimum [25, 155]. Rudiments of the ides of optimum population have been detected...

  16. Demography of Yellow-Bellied Marmont Populations

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Armitage, Kenneth; Downhower, Jerry F.

    1974-11-01

    differed from those occupied by colonies mainly in size and topographic diversity (Svendsen 1973). Because more than one marmot may live at an isolate site, and because iso- late sites are minihabitats with the most limited re- source being burrows..., the term satellite was applied to these localities (Svendsen 1973) and this term will be used in this paper. Initially, study localities were chosen that ap- peared to correspond to places occupied by discrete marmot colonies. A marmot colony consists...

  17. A Simple Framework for Natural Animation of Digitized Models Edilson de Aguiar, Rhaleb Zayer, Christian Theobalt, Hans-Peter Seidel

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Magnor, Marcus

    - erate animations of scanned human characters from input optical motion capture data. Our method- proach to animate virtual characters. It uses a purely mesh- based animation paradigm that integrates into the traditional animation workflow. It can be used to realistically animate static meshes of arbitrary humans

  18. Carnival: a modular framework for automated facial animation Michael Berger, Gregor Hofer, Hiroshi Shimodaira

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Edinburgh, University of

    any facial model created in standard animation packages. Solution Software framework called "CarnivalCarnival: a modular framework for automated facial animation Michael Berger, Gregor Hofer, Hiroshi.a.berger@sms.ed.ac.uk Problem Facial animation is difficult to do convincingly, particularly when synchronizing with speech

  19. SnakeToonz : A Semi-Automatic Approach to Creating Cel Animation Aseem Agarwala1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Washington at Seattle, University of

    . The ability to create cartoons has tradi- tionally been limited to professional animation houses and trained-film cartoons are hand-drawn by animation houses with large teams of highly-trained artists at a very high 1SnakeToonz : A Semi-Automatic Approach to Creating Cel Animation from Video Aseem Agarwala1 Starlab

  20. How animals glide: from trajectory to morphology1 John J. Sochaa

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Socha, Jake

    for the kinetic energy of movement. Gliding requires only that the animal is denser than the surrounding medium powered by muscle. A large range of animals can glide in air or water, but no analogue to an aerial gliderHow animals glide: from trajectory to morphology1 John J. Sochaa , Farid Jafaria , Yonatan Munkb

  1. OPERATING PROCEDURES FOR THE ANIMAL GENOMICS FOCUS GROUP (as of Sept 12 2008)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ernest, Holly

    OPERATING PROCEDURES FOR THE ANIMAL GENOMICS FOCUS GROUP (as of Sept 12 2008) OBJECTIVES The Animal Genomics (AG) focus group within the Genetics Graduate Group (GGG) will bring together faculty who are active in this area of research to enhance the training opportunities in this area. Animal Genomics

  2. Morphology of the Small-Animal Lung Using Magnetic Resonance Microscopy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Morphology of the Small-Animal Lung Using Magnetic Resonance Microscopy Laurence W. Hedlund and G motion control and animal support, the lungs of the live, small animal can be imaged. Although in vivo He, it is possible to image the tissue and gas compartments of the lung. This capability

  3. Getting to Know You Kyle Chu, DVM, is a small animal medicine and

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Getting to Know You Kyle Chu, DVM, is a small animal medicine and surgery rotating intern, he became a diplomate of the American College of Veterinary Internal Medicine (Large Animal). He Medicine. #12;Cynthia Hopf, DVM, is a small animal medicine and surgery rotating intern. Originally from

  4. Industrialized Animal Production--A Major Source of Nutrient and Microbial Pollution

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mallin, Michael

    and regionally. Individual concentrated animal feeding operations (CAFOs) now house hundreds to thousandsIndustrialized Animal Production--A Major Source of Nutrient and Microbial Pollution to Aquatic, and cattle are raised and fed in concen- trated animal feeding operations (CAFOs) owned by large, vertically

  5. Anim. Behav.,1986,34, 1601-1616 The making of ethology

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Little, Tony

    Anim. Behav.,1986,34, 1601-1616 The making of ethology: The Association for the Study of Animal Behaviour, 1936-1986 JOHN R. DURANT Department Jor External Studies, University of Oxford, Rewley House, 1 for the Study of Animal Behaviour in its 50th anniversary year. Having discussed the founding of the Institute

  6. Animated characters can play the role of teachers or guides, teammates or com-

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Brogan, David

    state of the user and other characters in the virtual environment. Keyframing requires that the animator Environments 0272-1716/98/$10.00 © 1998 IEEE Animating Humans 2 September/October 1998 Border colAnimated characters can play the role of teachers or guides, teammates or com- petitors, or just

  7. In the next millennium, computer animation will be both the same as now and also very

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Badler, Norman I.

    between animators and the virtual beings they create. Natural movements By studying actual human movementsIn the next millennium, computer animation will be both the same as now and also very different. Animators will always have tools that allow specifying and controlling--through manual interac- tive

  8. A multiagent framework to animate socially intelligent Francisco Grimaldo, Miguel Lozano, Fernando Barber

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Grimaldo, Francisco

    , as it is the responsible for the actions that will be finally animated. Virtual humans normally play a role (e.g. a virtual framework designed to animate groups of synthetic humans that properly balance task oriented and social be to the design of an adequate framework to produce good quality animations for groups of virtual hu- mans. When

  9. Relating to Things that Think Animated Toys, Artificial Creatures, V-Avatars

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    music boxes to wind-up toys, from Tamaguchi to virtual Petz and Babyz, animated toys occupy a special, 1979). Humans also relate differently to objects that they animate in their imagination (personify1 Relating to Things that Think Animated Toys, Artificial Creatures, V-Avatars Edith Ackermann From

  10. Making H-Anim bodies Won-Sook Lee, Taro Goto, Nadia Magnenat-Thalmann

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lee, WonSook

    virtual human and H- Anim compatible bodies are able to be visualized in any VRML97 compliant browser, to make an H-Anim compatible virtual humans is very important now. There are various approaches to make Humanoid H-Anim bodies. In addition, it treats not only an animatable virtual bodies but also photo

  11. PHOTOREALISTIC ATTENTION-BASED GAZE ANIMATION Laurent Itti, Nitin Dhavale and Frederic Pighin

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Itti, Laurent

    - trol to the automatic animation of a photorealistic virtual human head. The attention model simulates autonomous virtual human animation is of photorealistic quality. 1. INTRODUCTION This study addresses. The model's output animates a photorealistic 3D human face model, posing more stringent criteria

  12. Guidelines for Using Animal Manures and Manure-Based Composts in the Garden

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    New Hampshire, University of

    Guidelines for Using Animal Manures and Manure-Based Composts in the Garden Animal manures and animal manure-based composts are rich in plant nutrients such as Nitrogen (N), Phosphorous (P amendments for the home gardener, it is important to use them effectively and safely. Manure or Compost

  13. Minutes of Southern Region Animal Waste Team October 6, 2005, Raleigh, NC

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    , and large animal composting. Sanjay has established a schedule for articles to appear and will contactMinutes of Southern Region Animal Waste Team October 6, 2005, Raleigh, NC Attendance: John Worley Facilitation project funded by CSREES called the National Animal Agriculture Learning Center. Rick Koelsch

  14. Small animal electric and magnetic field exposure systems. Final report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Patterson, R.C.; Dietrich, F.M.

    1993-10-01

    Laboratory evaluation of electric and magnetic fields (EMF) and cancer in animals requires exposure of relatively large numbers of animals, usually rats or mice, to 60-Hz fields under very well controlled conditions for periods of up to two years. This report describes two exposure systems, the first of which is based on modifications of an existing electric field exposure system to include magnetic field exposure capability. In this system, each module houses 576--768 mice, which can be exposed to electric field levels of up to 100 kV/m and magnetic field levels of up to 10 Gauss. When a module was operated at 10 Gauss, measured levels of noise and vibration fell substantially below the detection threshold for humans. Moreover, temperature rise in the coils did not exceed 12{degrees}C at the 10 Gauss level. Specifications and test results for the second system, which provides magnetic field exposure capability only, are similar, except that each module houses 624--780 mice. After installation of the second system at the West Los Angeles Veterans Medical Center in Los Angeles, California, additional results were obtained. This report provides a complete description of the engineering design, specifications, and test results for the completed systems.

  15. Diversity Action Letter from Secretary Chu | Department of Energy

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of Natural GasAdjustmentsShirleyEnergy A plug-in electricLaboratoryof EnergyWASHINGTON,Response to the CityS1 Diversity

  16. Diversity and Inclusion Events Calendar | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious Rank EERE: Alternative Fuels DataEnergy Webinar:IAbout Us|of EnergySmall-Diversity and Inclusion

  17. Diversity and Inclusion Town Hall Program Book | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious Rank EERE: Alternative Fuels DataEnergy Webinar:IAbout Us|of EnergySmall-Diversity and

  18. Toward a Diverse UT Geography: Who Was Lillian Stimson? The Department is devoted to enhancing the gender and racial/ethnic diversity of its faculty and students as

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wang, Xiaorui "Ray"

    Toward a Diverse UT Geography: Who Was Lillian Stimson? The Department is devoted to enhancing reflecting back on the role that diversity has played, historically, within the Geography program, the Geography main conference area. Lillian Worley Stimson was a faculty member in the Department of Geography

  19. Policy on Presence of Service Animals on Campus January 6, 2010 University of Windsor -Employment Equity Office 1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Policy on Presence of Service Animals on Campus January 6, 2010 University of Windsor - Employment Equity Office 1 POLICY ON PRESENCE OF SERVICE ANIMALS ON CAMPUS #12;Policy on Presence of Service Animals of Contents.............................................................................. 2 Policy Title

  20. Improved techniques for fluid diversion in oil recovery. Final report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Seright, R.

    1996-01-01

    This three-year project had two technical objectives. The first objective was to compare the effectiveness of gels in fluid diversion (water shutoff) with those of other types of processes. Several different types of fluid-diversion processes were compared, including those using gels, foams, emulsions, particulates, and microorganisms. The ultimate goals of these comparisons were to (1) establish which of these processes are most effective in a given application and (2) determine whether aspects of one process can be combined with those of other processes to improve performance. Analyses and experiments were performed to verify which materials are the most effective in entering and blocking high-permeability zones. The second objective of the project was to identify the mechanisms by which materials (particularly gels) selectively reduce permeability to water more than to oil. A capacity to reduce water permeability much more than oil or gas permeability is critical to the success of gel treatments in production wells if zones cannot be isolated during gel placement. Topics covered in this report include (1) determination of gel properties in fractures, (2) investigation of schemes to optimize gel placement in fractured systems, (3) an investigation of why some polymers and gels can reduce water permeability more than oil permeability, (4) consideration of whether microorganisms and particulates can exhibit placement properties that are superior to those of gels, and (5) examination of when foams may show placement properties that are superior to those of gels.

  1. Entropic forces stabilize diverse emergent structures in colloidal membranes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Louis Kang; Thomas Gibaud; Zvonimir Dogic; T. C. Lubensky

    2015-07-02

    The depletion interaction mediated by non-adsorbing polymers promotes condensation and assembly of repulsive colloidal particles into diverse higher-order structures and materials. One example, with particularly rich emergent behaviors, is the formation of two-dimensional colloidal membranes from a suspension of filamentous $\\it{fd}$ viruses, which act as rods with effective repulsive interactions, and dextran, which acts as a condensing, depletion-inducing agent. Colloidal membranes exhibit chiral twist even when the constituent virus mixture lacks macroscopic chirality, change from a circular shape to a striking starfish shape upon changing the chirality of constituent rods, and partially coalesce via domain walls through which the viruses twist by $180^\\circ$. We formulate an entropically-motivated theory that can quantitatively explain these experimental structures and measurements, both previously published and newly performed, over a wide range of experimental conditions. Our results elucidate how entropy alone, manifested through the viruses as Frank elastic energy and through the depletants as an effective surface tension, drives the formation and behavior of these diverse structures. Our generalizable principles propose the existence of analogous effects in molecular membranes and can be exploited in the design of reconfigurable colloidal structures.

  2. Eco-Evolutionary Dynamics of Episomes among Ecologically Cohesive Bacterial Populations

    DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

    Xue, Hong; Cordero, Otto X.; Camas, Francisco M.; Trimble, William; Meyer, Folker; Guglielmini, Julien; Rocha, Eduardo P. C.; Polz, Martin F.

    2015-05-05

    Although plasmids and other episomes are recognized as key players in horizontal gene transfer among microbes, their diversity and dynamics among ecologically structured host populations in the wild remain poorly understood. Here, we show that natural populations of marine Vibrionaceae bacteria host large numbers of families of episomes, consisting of plasmids and a surprisingly high fraction of plasmid-like temperate phages. Episomes are unevenly distributed among host populations, and contrary to the notion that high-density communities in biofilms act as hot spots of gene transfer, we identified a strong bias for episomes to occur in free-living as opposed to particle-attached cells.more »Mapping of episomal families onto host phylogeny shows that, with the exception of all phage and a few plasmid families, most are of recent evolutionary origin and appear to have spread rapidly by horizontal transfer. Such high eco-evolutionary turnover is particularly surprising for plasmids that are, based on previously suggested categorization, putatively nontransmissible, indicating that this type of plasmid is indeed frequently transferred by currently unknown mechanisms. Finally, analysis of recent gene transfer among plasmids reveals a network of extensive exchange connecting nearly all episomes. Genes functioning in plasmid transfer and maintenance are frequently exchanged, suggesting that plasmids can be rapidly transformed from one category to another. The broad distribution of episomes among distantly related hosts and the observed promiscuous recombination patterns show how episomes can offer their hosts rapid assembly and dissemination of novel functions.« less

  3. Environmental Impacts of Wind Power Development on the Population...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Environmental Impacts of Wind Power Development on the Population Biology of Greater Prairie-Chickens Environmental Impacts of Wind Power Development on the Population Biology of...

  4. Fact #661: February 7, 2011 Population Density | Department of...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    states, the population is generally less dense, with the exceptions being California, Hawaii, and Washington. Every state except Michigan experienced increased population density...

  5. How should environmental stress affect the population dynamics of disease?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Holt, Robert D.

    in pollution (Khan 1990), malnutrition (Beck & Levander 2000) and thermal stress from climate change (Harvell and disease in natural populations. Keywords Disease, dynamics, host, infectious, model, pollution, population

  6. Methane recovery from animal manures: A current opportunities casebook

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Lusk, P.

    1994-12-01

    One manure management system provides not only pollution prevention but also converts a manure management problem into a new profit center. Economic evaluations and case studies of operating systems indicate that the anaerobic digestion of livestock manures is a commercially-available bioconversion technology with considerable potential for providing profitable co-products including a cost-effective renewable fuel for livestock production operations. This Casebook examines some of the current opportunities for the recovery of methane from the anaerobic digestion of animal manures. The economic evaluations are based on engineering studies of digesters that generate electricity from the recovered methane. Regression models, which can be used to estimate digester cost and internal rate of return, are developed from the evaluations. Finally, anaerobic digestion has considerable potential beyond agribusiness. Examples of digesters currently employed by other industries are provided.

  7. Diversity-Rate Trade-off for Fading Channels with Power Control Anusha Gorantla and Vinod Sharma

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sharma, Vinod

    Diversity-Rate Trade-off for Fading Channels with Power Control Anusha Gorantla and Vinod Sharma. Key words--Fading channel, diversity-rate trade-off, expo- nential diversity, power control. I with flat fading. We study its diversity order vs transmission rate for some known power allocation schemes

  8. Population dynamics of the Concho water snake 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mueller, James Michael

    1990-01-01

    Recruitment B. SE Capture Probability SE 15 Sep 1987 8 Oct 1987 23 Apr 1988 13 Aug 1988 22 May 1989 19 Jul 1989 14-16 Sep 6-19 Oct 13 Apr-4 May 31 Aug. 27 Sep 17 May-15 Jun 29 Jun-9 Aug 21. 0 15. 7 54. 7 48. 1 15 0 e*** 2/ 0 **** **** ee*e... **a*** Table 12. Jolly-Saber estimates and standard errors for the 1988 sge class of e Concho water snake population st Egan Dairy on the Colorado River, Texas. Population Size Survival Probability Recruitment Capture Probability 31 Aug 1988...

  9. The physical and emotional benefits of companion animals 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tietjen, Holli Marie

    2006-10-30

    in the U.K., U.S.A., Australia, and Canada [21]. The Center for Epidemiologic Studies Depression Scale (CES-D) was used to measure depression and was chosen for its reliability and validity in screening for depression in a hepatitis C population, a... am very happy? to ?I am incredibly happy?. Higher scores indicate greater levels of happiness and total scores range from 29 to 116. The CES-D is a self-reported measure of depressive symptoms. It is composed of 20 items based on a four point...

  10. A biophysical model of prokaryotic diversity in geothermal hot springs

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Klales, Anna; Nett, Elizabeth Janus; Kane, Suzanne Amador

    2008-01-01

    Recent field investigations of photosynthetic bacteria living in geothermal hot spring environments have revealed surprisingly complex ecosystems, with an unexpected level of genetic diversity. One case of particular interest involves the distribution along hot spring thermal gradients of genetically distinct bacterial strains that differ in their preferred temperatures for reproduction and photosynthesis. In such systems, a single variable, temperature, defines the relevant environmental variation. In spite of this, each region along the thermal gradient exhibits multiple strains of photosynthetic bacteria adapted to several distinct thermal optima, rather than the expected single thermal strain adapted to the local environmental temperature. Here we analyze microbiology data from several ecological studies to show that the thermal distribution field data exhibit several universal features independent of location and specific bacterial strain. These include the distribution of optimal temperatures of differe...

  11. Diverse ages and origins of basement complexes, Luzon, Philippines

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Geary, E.E.; Harrison, T.M.; Heizler, M.

    1988-04-01

    Geological field investigations and /sup 40/Ar//sup 39/Ar ages from two basement complexes in southeast Luzon document the first known occurrences of pre-Late Cretaceous age rocks in the eastern Philippines. However, individual components within the two complexes vary in age from Late Jurassic (Caramoan basement complex) to Early Cretaceous and early Miocene (Camarines Norte-Calaguas Islands basement complex). These and other data show that southeast Luzon basement complexes are genetically diverse, and they indicate that the concept of an old, autochthonous basement in the Philippines is open to question. This supports the hypothesis that the Philippine Archipelago is an amalgamation of allochthonous Mesozoic and Cenozoic island-arc, ocean-basin, and continental fragments that were assembled during the Tertiary.

  12. Everyday the Same Picture: Popularity and Content Diversity

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bessi, Alessandro; Del Vicario, Michela; Scala, Antonio; Caldarelli, Guido; Petroni, Fabio; Gonçalves, Bruno; Quattrociocchi, Walter

    2015-01-01

    Facebook is flooded by diverse and heterogeneous content, from kittens up to music and news, passing through satirical and funny stories. Each piece of that corpus reflects the heterogeneity of the underlying social background. In the Italian Facebook we have found an interesting case: a page having more than $40K$ followers that every day posts the same picture of Toto Cutugno, a popular Italian singer. In this work, we use such a page as a benchmark to study and model the effects of content heterogeneity on popularity. In particular, we use that page for a comparative analysis of information consumption patterns with respect to pages posting science and conspiracy news. In total, we analyze about $2M$ likes and $190K$ comments, made by approximately $340K$ and $65K$ users, respectively. We conclude the paper by introducing a model mimicking users selection preferences accounting for the heterogeneity of contents.

  13. Contributed Paper Population Consequences of Environmental Sex

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cotton, Sam

    population sizes considerably. This may limit any evolutionary response to the deleterious effects of ESR sexuales y el crecimiento y persistencia de la poblaci´on despu´es de la exposici´on a fuerzas ambientales feminizaci´on moderada fue ben´efica para el crecimiento poblacional en la ausencia de efectos notables sobre

  14. Competitive niche: Way of population regulation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Meszéna, Géza

    1 / 27 Competitive niche: Way of population regulation G´eza Mesz´ena1, Andr´as Szil´agyi1, Kalle of coexistence Theory Regulating loop Results Examples Spatial segregation Functional & spatial segregation Regulating loop y Results Examples Conclusions 7 / 27 #12;Regulating loop Introduction Theory y Regulating

  15. Population genetic analyses suggest that the Eucalyptus

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Population genetic analyses suggest that the Eucalyptus fungal pathogen Ceratocystis fimbriata has , Brenda D. Wingfield a , Gilbert N. Kamgan b and Michael J. Wingfield a Introduction Eucalyptus species, with Eucalyptus comprising about 40% of the total area.3 This is an important crop that sustains large pulp, sawn

  16. Stoichiometry and population dynamics Tom Andersen,1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Elser, Jim

    development, theoretical population biology has built on variants of the Lotka­Volterra equations stable states under stoichiometric constraints, for negative effects of solar radiation on herbivores via), dealing with the balance of energy and chemical elements in ecological interactions and especially

  17. Implications of geographic diversity for short-term variability and predictability of solar power.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mills, Andrew

    2013-01-01

    diversity of PV, and the implications for the cost ofassess the costs and impacts of increasing PV penetration.assess the costs and impacts of increasing PV penetration.

  18. Environmental impacts on the diversity of methane-cycling microbes and their resultant function

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Aronson, Emma L; Allison, Steven D; Helliker, Brent R

    2013-01-01

    on methane- consuming microbes in rice field and forestof methane- cycling microbes and their resultant function.diversity of methane-cycling microbes and their resultant

  19. Convolution of chemoattractant secretion rate, source density, and receptor desensitization direct diverse migration patterns in leukocytes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wang, Yana

    2013-01-01

    Chemoattractants regulate diverse immunological, developmental, and pathological processes, but how cell migration patterns are shaped by attractant production in tissues remains incompletely understood. Using computational ...

  20. Conservation of Aquatic Ecosystems 1. Heterogeneity and diversity of aquatic systems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gottgens, Hans

    #12;Freshwater Diversity Estuaries Lakes #12;wetlands rivers #12;Source - Cleveland Public Library perform all functions nor do they perform all functions equally well. #12;Endangered and Threatened

  1. Forest biomass diversion in the Sierra Nevada: Energy, economics and emissions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2015-01-01

    Audit, Buena Vista Biomass Power, LLC, Ione, California.and Air Emissions of Forest Biomass Diversion and Allocatingemissions and energy return. Biomass Bioenerg 34:737–46. Lee

  2. Diversity combining in laser Doppler vibrometry for improved signal reliability

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Dräbenstedt, Alexander

    2014-05-27

    Because of the speckle nature of the light reflected from rough surfaces the signal quality of a vibrometer suffers from varying signal power. Deep signal outages manifest themselves as noise bursts and spikes in the demodulated velocity signal. Here we show that the signal quality of a single point vibrometer can be substantially improved by diversity reception. This concept is widely used in RF communication and can be transferred into optical interferometry. When two statistically independent measurement channels are available which measure the same motion on the same spot, the probability for both channels to see a signal drop-out at the same time is very low. We built a prototype instrument that uses polarization diversity to constitute two independent reception channels that are separately demodulated into velocity signals. Send and receive beams go through different parts of the aperture so that the beams can be spatially separated. The two velocity channels are mixed into one more reliable signal by a PC program in real time with the help of the signal power information. An algorithm has been developed that ensures a mixing of two or more channels with minimum resulting variance. The combination algorithm delivers also an equivalent signal power for the combined signal. The combined signal lacks the vast majority of spikes that are present in the raw signals and it extracts the true vibration information present in both channels. A statistical analysis shows that the probability for deep signal outages is largely decreased. A 60 fold improvement can be shown. The reduction of spikes and noise bursts reduces the noise in the spectral analysis of vibrations too. Over certain frequency bands a reduction of the noise density by a factor above 10 can be shown.

  3. Body Animation Parameters (BAPs) are used to animate MPEG-4 compliant virtual human-like characters. In order to stream BAPs in real time interactive environments, the BAPs are compressed for low bitrate representation using a

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bhandarkar, Suchendra "Suchi" M.

    ABSTRACT Body Animation Parameters (BAPs) are used to animate MPEG-4 compliant virtual human network environment. Keywords Human Motion, Virtual Human Animation, MPEG-4 BAP compression 1. INTRODUCTION Animation of human-like virtual characters has potential applications in the design of human

  4. Energetics of Yellow-Bellied Marmot Populations

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kilgore, Delbert L.; Armitage, Kenneth

    1978-01-01

    . Neither the energy value of marmot tissue nor the net efficiency of growth was determined; instead, values from other rodents were used: energy value of live-weight tissue of neonates (K,), 4.31 kJ/g (Gorecki 1965), of weanling animals (K2), 6.0 k... sunrise to near dark, the location and activity of each marmot was recorded at 10-min intervals. Laboratory studies Food consumption measurements, from which esti- mates of energy intake, digested energy, and digestive efficiency were obtained, were...

  5. Inventory of Inclusion and Diversity Activities The following is a list of inclusion and diversity activates that are taking place around Virginia Tech.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Crawford, T. Daniel

    , and the VT office of Equity and Access, training modules and other resources were Association and CALS Diversity Council to develop a classroom inclusivity-training; Education and Scholarship InclusiveVT Initiative: Civil Rights Training and Compliance

  6. $?$-Ray Pulsars: Emission Zones and Viewing Geometries, A Computer Animation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    I. -A. Yadigaroglu; Roger W. Romani

    1994-06-08

    The computer animation illustrates the geometries described in a paper by the same authors. The preprint is available as number 9401045. The opening scene shows dipole field lines emanating from the polar caps of a rotating neutron star. The dipole axis is inclined along the green rods. The field lines shown are defined from the condition that they be tangent to the light cylinder (the cylindrical radius at which the tangential velocity of rotation reaches the speed of light). The static dipole field lines are smoothly morphed into the correct retarted-potential vacuum solutions. A red surface spanning these field lines is painted. In the next scene the blue surfaces represent the outer gaps above the surface of last closed field lines. High energy emission (blue) is produced in these outer gaps, and is beamed tangentially along the field lines. The radio emission (green) originates close to the surface of the star and is beamed along the dipole axes. The inclination angle $\\alpha$ of the dipole and the viewing angle $\\zeta$ are chosen to match the Crab parameters; $\\alpha$ = 70, $\\zeta$ = 65. The corresponding light curve is computed and shown for these angles, and the red dot traces rotation phase. The next scene shows the situation for angles appropriate to PSR1706-44; $\\alpha$ = 45, $\\zeta$ = 65. The final scene is a possibility for Geminga; $\\alpha$ = 20, $\\zeta$ = 75. These angles are poorly constrained as there is no radio emission.

  7. Anatomic and functional imaging of tagged molecules in animals

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Weisenberger, Andrew G. (Yorktown, VA); Majewski, Stanislaw (Grafton, VA); Paulus, Michael J. (Knoxville, TN); Gleason, Shaun S. (Knoxville, VA)

    2007-04-24

    A novel functional imaging system for use in the imaging of unrestrained and non-anesthetized small animals or other subjects and a method for acquiring such images and further registering them with anatomical X-ray images previously or subsequently acquired. The apparatus comprises a combination of an IR laser profilometry system and gamma, PET and/or SPECT, imaging system, all mounted on a rotating gantry, that permits simultaneous acquisition of positional and orientational information and functional images of an unrestrained subject that are registered, i.e. integrated, using image processing software to produce a functional image of the subject without the use of restraints or anesthesia. The functional image thus obtained can be registered with a previously or subsequently obtained X-ray CT image of the subject. The use of the system described herein permits functional imaging of a subject in an unrestrained/non-anesthetized condition thereby reducing the stress on the subject and eliminating any potential interference with the functional testing that such stress might induce.

  8. The role of hair in swimming of laboratory mice: implications for behavioural studies in animals

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kalueff, Allan V.

    of Clinical Chemistry, University Hospital, University of Tampere, Tampere 33014, Finland Summary Animal Hospital, University of Tampere, Tampere 33014, Finland. Email: avkalueff@inbox.ru #12;significant area

  9. Eurographics/ ACM SIGGRAPH Symposium on Computer Animation (2014) Vladlen Koltun and Eftychios Sifakis (Editors)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Plotkin, Joshua B.

    2014-01-01

    Eurographics/ ACM SIGGRAPH Symposium on Computer Animation (2014) Vladlen Koltun and Eftychios Descriptors (according to ACM CCS): I.3.7 [Computer Graphics]: Computational Geometry and Object Modeling

  10. Awake Animal Imaging at BNL | U.S. DOE Office of Science (SC...

    Office of Science (SC) Website

    Awake Animal Imaging at BNL Nuclear Physics (NP) NP Home About Research Facilities Science Highlights Benefits of NP Applications of Nuclear Science Applications of Nuclear Science...

  11. K-Sketch: A "Kinetic" Sketch Pad for Novice Animators Richard C. Davis Brien Colwell, James A. Landay

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Anderson, Richard

    -Sketch. Field studies investigating the needs of animators and would-be animators helped us collect a library quickly, we have developed a general-purpose, informal, 2D animation sketching system called K-Sketch to a more formal animation tool (PowerPoint), participants worked three times faster, needed half

  12. Animating the Evolution of a Field John B. Schneider, Patrick J. Flynn \\Lambda , and Kurt L. Shlager y

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Schneider, John B.

    software was required to produce such animations. Here we present a relatively simple scheme to animate. Public­domain software is used to view the frames as an animated sequence or to gen­ erate an MPEG file of ``in­house'' animation capabilities has historically been beyond the reach of smaller research

  13. How do SNP ascertainment schemes and population demographics affect inferences about population history?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    McTavish, Emily Jane; Hills, David M.

    2015-03-17

    of population genetic parameters using empirical and simulated data representing the three major continental groups of cattle: European, African, and Indian. We simulated data under three demographic models. Each simulated data set was subjected to three...

  14. HLA Genes in the Chuvashian Population from European Russia: Admixture of Central European and Mediterranean Populations

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Arnaiz-Villena, Antonio; Martinez-Laso, Jorge; Moscoso, Juan; Livshits, Gregory; Zamora, Jorge; Gomez-Casado, Eduardo; Silvera-Redondo, Carlos; Melvin, Kristin L.; Crawford, Michael H.

    2003-06-01

    HLA alleles have been determined for the first time in individuals from the Chuvashian population by DNA typing and sequencing. HLA-A, -B, -DR, and -DQ allele frequencies and extended haplotypes have also been determined, ...

  15. The Genetic Structure of the Kuwaiti Population: mtDNA Inter- and Intra-population Variation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Theyab, Jasem; Al-Bustan, Suzanne; Crawford, Michael H.

    2012-08-01

    it to their neighboring populations. These subpopulations were tested for genetic homogeneity and shown to be heterogeneous. Restriction fragment length polymorphism (RFLP) and mtDNA sequencing analyses of HVRI were used to reconstruct the genetic structure of Kuwait...

  16. Emergent vortices in populations of colloidal rollers

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Antoine Bricard; Jean-Baptiste-Caussin; Debasish Das; Charles Savoie; Vijayakumar Chikkadi; Kyohei Shitara; Oleksandr Chepizhko; Fernando Peruani; David Saintillan; Denis Bartolo

    2015-06-26

    Coherent vortical motion has been reported in a wide variety of populations including living organisms (bacteria, fishes, human crowds) and synthetic active matter (shaken grains, mixtures of biopolymers), yet a unified description of the formation and structure of this pattern remains lacking. Here we report the self-organization of motile colloids into a macroscopic steadily rotating vortex. Combining physical experiments and numerical simulations, we elucidate this collective behavior. We demonstrate that the emergent-vortex structure lives on the verge of a phase separation, and single out the very constituents responsible for this state of polar active matter. Building on this observation, we establish a continuum theory and lay out a strong foundation for the description of vortical collective motion in a broad class of motile populations constrained by geometrical boundaries.

  17. Phylogeny and Nucleomorph Karyotype Diversity of Chlorarachniophyte Algae TIA D. SILVER,a,1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Archibald, John

    Phylogeny and Nucleomorph Karyotype Diversity of Chlorarachniophyte Algae TIA D. SILVER,a,1 SAYAKA/or reticulopod-forming marine algae with chlorophyll a- and b-containing plastids of secondary endosymbiotic. THE chlorarachniophytes are an enigmatic group of unicellular marine algae with diverse morphologies and a widespread

  18. Diversity of Life at the Geothermal Subsurface--Surface Interface: The Yellowstone Example

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Diversity of Life at the Geothermal Subsurface--Surface Interface: The Yellowstone Example example of Yellowstone National Park indi- cate that the diversity of microbial life at the geothermal temperatures. The geothermal subsurface-surface interface in the presence of both electron donors and acceptors

  19. Genetic diversity in caribou linked to past and future climate change

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bernatchez, Louis

    Genetic diversity in caribou linked to past and future climate change Glenn Yannic et al. Climate to popula- tions of contrasting genetic diversity. Contemporary climate change is similarly influencing, we unravel caribou response to past and future climate changes across its entire Holarctic

  20. "Our flexible and diverse program options respond to individual student needs." carleton.ca/socanth

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dawson, Jeff W.

    "Our flexible and diverse program options respond to individual student needs." carleton and social conditions in diverse contexts throughout the world. We offer three program options: coursework work with their area of research interest, while gaining real- world experience. #12;This document