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Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "distributed te hvac" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
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We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
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1

Measuring Advances in HVAC Distribution System Design  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Advances in HV AC Distribution System Design Ellen FranconiAdvances in HVAC Distribution System Design Ellen Franconisavings result from distribution system design improvements,

Franconi, E.

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

2

Integration of HVAC System Design with Simplified Duct Distribution...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Integration of HVAC System Design with Simplified Duct Distribution - Building America Top Innovation Integration of HVAC System Design with Simplified Duct Distribution - Building...

3

Modeling and Identification for HVAC Systems.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

?? Heating, Ventilation and Air Conditioning (HVAC) systems consist of all the equipment that control the conditions and distribution of indoor air. Indoor air must… (more)

Scotton, Francesco

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

4

Renovating Residential HVAC Systems HVAC Systems  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

- 1 - LBNL 57406 Renovating Residential HVAC Systems HVAC Systems J.A. McWilliams and I.S. Walker and Air Conditioning), and Stacy Hunt and Ananda Harzell (IBACOS). #12;- 3 - Renovating Residential HVAC Guideline for Residential HVAC Retrofits (http

5

Strategy Guideline: HVAC Equipment Sizing  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The heating, ventilation, and air conditioning (HVAC) system is arguably the most complex system installed in a house and is a substantial component of the total house energy use. A right-sized HVAC system will provide the desired occupant comfort and will run efficiently. This Strategy Guideline discusses the information needed to initially select the equipment for a properly designed HVAC system. Right-sizing of an HVAC system involves the selection of equipment and the design of the air distribution system to meet the accurate predicted heating and cooling loads of the house. Right-sizing the HVAC system begins with an accurate understanding of the heating and cooling loads on a space; however, a full HVAC design involves more than just the load estimate calculation - the load calculation is the first step of the iterative HVAC design procedure. This guide describes the equipment selection of a split system air conditioner and furnace for an example house in Chicago, IL as well as a heat pump system for an example house in Orlando, Florida. The required heating and cooling load information for the two example houses was developed in the Department of Energy Building America Strategy Guideline: Accurate Heating and Cooling Load Calculations.

Burdick, A.

2012-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

6

Integrated Ice Storage/Sprinkler HVAC System Sharply Cuts Energy Costs and Air-Distribution First Costs  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Integrated ice thermal storage/sprinkler HVAC systems developed and applied by the author in several commercial applications shift a major portion of electric utility demand to cheaper off-peak hours, while also reducing significantly the first cost...

Meckler, G.

1986-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

7

Development of a High-Efficiency Zonal Thermoelectric HVAC System for Automotive Applications  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Identify a technical and business approach to accelerate the deployment of light-duty automotive TE HVAC technology, maintain occupant comfort, and improve energy efficiency.

8

HVAC Market Study:  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

HVAC Market Study: Understanding how energy efficient products get to market Fall 2014 through Winter 2015 Research Manager: Carrie Cobb, clcobb@bpa.gov, 503-230-4985 HVAC systems...

9

HVAC Maintenance and Technologies  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

HVAC - HVAC - Maintenance and Technologies Federal Utility Partnership Working Group Meeting Providence, Rhode Island April 15, 2010 BY Ramin Faramarzi, P.E. Technology Test Centers (TTC) Design and Engineering Services Southern California Edison (SCE) www.sce.com/rttc 2 Outline * Introduction to SCE's TTC * Overview of energy challenges in California (CA) * Role of HVAC in CA's energy and demand equations * Factors affecting HVAC performance * Focus on SCE's research on maintenance faults * Next generation of HVAC equipment * HVAC technologies on SCE's TTC radar * Black boxes - do they all work? 3 SCE's Technology Test Centers * SCE applied research facilities located in Irwindale, CA comprised of 3 test beds: * Refrigeration * HVAC * Lighting * Coming Soon! - A new ZNE lab 4 Refrigeration Testing

10

HVAC Installed Performance  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

HVAC Installed Performance HVAC Installed Performance ESI, Tim Hanes Context * The building envelope has historically been the focus in residential homes. * The largest consumer of energy in residential homes is typically the HVAC system. * Testing the performance of the HVAC system has not been pursued to its full potential. Technical Approach * Currently very little performance testing is being done to the HVAC system. * The only way to know if a HVAC system is operating correctly is to measure the Btu/h. * This should be done at the equipment and at the the system. Recommended Guidance * Training of HVAC technicians, installers, and salespeople is a must. * If only the technician is trained than implementing the change will not happen. * Public awareness of proper installation and its

11

Improving the Efficiency of Light-Duty Vehicle HVAC Systems using Zonal Thermoelectric Devices and Comfort Modeling  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Summarizes results from a study to identify and demonstrate technical and commercial approaches necessary to accelerate the deployment of zonal TE HVAC systems in light-duty vehicles

12

HVAC Maintenance and Technologies  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Presentation covers the HVAC maintenance and technologies, and is given at the Spring 2010 Federal Utility Partnership Working Group (FUPWG) meeting in Providence, Rhode Island.

13

Airborne Particulate Matter in HVAC Systems and its Influence on Indoor Air Quality  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This paper first reviews the mechanisms governing movement of PMs in HVAC systems. Then, the basic equations governing PM deposition in ducts are introduced and investigations on airborne PMs distribution in HVAC systems are reviewed. The influence...

Fu, Z.; Li, N.; Wang, H.

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

14

CALIFORNIA ENERGY Large HVAC Building  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

CALIFORNIA ENERGY COMMISSION Large HVAC Building Survey Information Database of Buildings over 100 Design of Large Commercial HVAC Systems research project, one of six research elements in the Integrated Design of Large Commercial HVAC Systems Integrated Design of Small Commercial HVAC Systems Integrated

15

A LIBRARY OF HVAC COMPONENT MODELS FOR USE IN AUTOMATED1 DIAGNOSTICS2  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A LIBRARY OF HVAC COMPONENT MODELS FOR USE IN AUTOMATED1 DIAGNOSTICS2 3 4 Peng Xu, Philip Haves HVAC system (air handling units and air distribution systems). The models are used to predict of automatic documentation methods in the library. INTRODUCTION The increasing complexity of building HVAC

16

HVAC Installed Performance  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

This presentation was given at the Summer 2012 DOE Building America meeting on July 25, 2012, and addressed the question HVAC proper installation energy savings: over-promising or under-delivering?"

17

The Impact of Uncertain Physical Parameters on HVAC Demand Response  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

HVAC units are currently one of the major resources providing demand response (DR) in residential buildings. Models of HVAC with DR function can improve understanding of its impact on power system operations and facilitate the deployment of DR technologies. This paper investigates the importance of various physical parameters and their distributions to the HVAC response to DR signals, which is a key step to the construction of HVAC models for a population of units with insufficient data. These parameters include the size of floors, insulation efficiency, the amount of solid mass in the house, and efficiency of the HVAC units. These parameters are usually assumed to follow Gaussian or Uniform distributions. We study the effect of uncertainty in the chosen parameter distributions on the aggregate HVAC response to DR signals, during transient phase and in steady state. We use a quasi-Monte Carlo sampling method with linear regression and Prony analysis to evaluate sensitivity of DR output to the uncertainty in the distribution parameters. The significance ranking on the uncertainty sources is given for future guidance in the modeling of HVAC demand response.

Sun, Yannan; Elizondo, Marcelo A.; Lu, Shuai; Fuller, Jason C.

2014-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

18

HVAC | OpenEI  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

HVAC HVAC Dataset Summary Description The following data-set is for a benchmark residential home for all TMY3 locations across all utilities in the US. The data is indexed by utility service provider which is described by its "unique" EIA ID ( Source National Renewable Energy Laboratory Date Released April 05th, 2012 (2 years ago) Date Updated April 06th, 2012 (2 years ago) Keywords AC apartment CFL coffeemaker Computer cooling cost demand Dishwasher Dryer Furnace gas HVAC Incandescent Laptop load Microwave model NREL Residential television tmy3 URDB Data text/csv icon Residential Cost Data for Common Household Items (csv, 14.5 MiB) Quality Metrics Level of Review Some Review Comment Temporal and Spatial Coverage Frequency Annually Time Period License License Open Data Commons Public Domain Dedication and Licence (PDDL)

19

Definition: HVAC | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

HVAC HVAC Jump to: navigation, search Dictionary.png HVAC An abbreviation for the heating, ventilation, and air-conditioning system; the system or systems that condition air in a building.[1] View on Wikipedia Wikipedia Definition HVAC is the technology of indoor and vehicular environmental comfort. HVAC system design is a subdiscipline of mechanical engineering, based on the principles of thermodynamics, fluid mechanics, and heat transfer. Refrigeration is sometimes added to the field's abbreviation as HVAC&R or HVACR, or ventilating is dropped as in HACR (such as the designation of HACR-rated circuit breakers). HVAC is important in the design of medium to large industrial and office buildings such as skyscrapers and in marine environments such as aquariums, where safe and

20

CALIFORNIA ENERGY Large HVAC Energy Impact Report  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

CALIFORNIA ENERGY COMMISSION Large HVAC Energy Impact Report Statewide Energy Impact Report are part of the Integrated Design of Large Commercial HVAC Systems research project. The reports: Productivity and Interior Environments Integrated Design of Large Commercial HVAC Systems Integrated Design

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "distributed te hvac" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


21

Advanced HVAC Systems | Department of Energy  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

HVAC Systems Advanced HVAC Systems Lead Performer: Oak Ridge National Laboratory - Oak Ridge, TN Partners: -- Indian Institute of Technology Bombay - Maharashtra, India -- Malviya...

22

HVAC: Maintaining HVAC equipment with air intake filters  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Airborne debris, such as domestic waste, leaves, pollen, insects and even plastic carrier bags is the leading cause of fouling and clogging of cooling towers, heat exchangers, air cooled chillers and other HVAC systems. Richard Betts, managing director of UK-based RAB Specialist Engineers, provides Filtration+Separation with some practical advice on how to maintain HVAC equipment.

Richard Betts

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

23

HVAC Improvements for Existing Houses  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

HVAC Improvements for Existing Houses HVAC Improvements for Existing Houses Speaker(s): Chryséis Bovagnet Date: September 5, 2002 - 12:00pm Location: Bldg. 90 Many older houses in the US are either not well designed from a thermal point of view or have HVAC (Heating Ventilation and Air Conditioning) systems in need of repairs or improvements. The building envelopes tend to have poor insulation and lots of leakage, and the HVAC systems are inefficient. The cooling/heating equipment is often located outside of the conditioned space (e.g. in attics or crawlspaces) with ducts that leak and have poor insulation, which cause energy loss and bad occupant comfort on peak days or in extreme climates. We developed a series of retrofits that will allow us to reduce the energy consumption of residential HVAC

24

HVAC's Variable Refrigerant Flow (VRF) Technology  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 Comfort by Design Steve Jones Commercial Sales Manager for Mitsubishi Southwest Business Unit HVAC?s Variable Refrigerant Flow (VRF) Technology HVAC Industry Overview HVAC Market Dollar Volume $18 Billion Source:;NABH Research....2M Systems Ductless is a small percent of the U.S. HVAC market but current building and energy usage trends indicate a large growth opportunity Determining the Proper Application Worldwide Usage-Opportunity Window Unitary Chillers...

Jones, S.

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

25

HVAC efficiency: Can filter selection reduce HVAC energy costs?  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In a society becoming more aware of the effects of energy consumption, Zoe Grainge takes a look at whether filter efficiency can go some way to ease the energy burden of HVAC systems.

Zoe Grainge

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

26

Chapter 19: HVAC Controls (DDC/EMS/BAS) Evaluation Protocol  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The HVAC Controls Evaluation Protocol is designed to address evaluation issues for direct digital controls/energy management systems/building automation systems (DDC/EMS/BAS) that are installed to control heating, ventilation, and air-conditioning (HVAC) equipment in commercial and institutional buildings. (This chapter refers to the DDC/EMS/BAS measure as HVAC controls.) This protocol may also be applicable to industrial facilities such as clean rooms and labs, which have either significant HVAC equipment or spaces requiring special environmental conditions. This protocol addresses only HVAC-related equipment and the energy savings estimation methods associated with installing such control systems as an energy efficiency measure. The affected equipment includes: Air-side equipment (air handlers, direct expansion systems, furnaces, other heating- and cooling-related devices, terminal air distribution equipment, and fans); Central plant equipment (chillers, cooling towers, boilers, and pumps). These controls may also operate or affect other end uses, such as lighting, domestic hot water, irrigation systems, and life safety systems such as fire alarms and other security systems. Considerable nonenergy benefits, such as maintenance scheduling, system component troubleshooting, equipment failure alarms, and increased equipment lifetime, may also be associated with these systems. When connected to building utility meters, these systems can also be valuable demand-limiting control tools. However, this protocol does not evaluate any of these additional capabilities and benefits.

Romberger, J.

2014-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

27

An experimental system for advanced heating, ventilating and air conditioning (HVAC) control  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

While having the potential to significantly improve heating, ventilating and air conditioning (HVAC) system performance, advanced (e.g., optimal, robust and various forms of adaptive) controllers have yet to be incorporated into commercial systems. Controllers consisting of distributed proportional-integral (PI) control loops continue to dominate commercial HVAC systems. Investigation into advanced HVAC controllers has largely been limited to proposals and simulations, with few controllers being tested on physical systems. While simulation can be insightful, the only true means for verifying the performance provided by HVAC controllers is by actually using them to control an HVAC system. The construction and modeling of an experimental system for testing advanced HVAC controllers, is the focus of this article. A simple HVAC system, intended for controlling the temperature and flow rate of the discharge air, was built using standard components. While only a portion of an overall HVAC system, it is representative of a typical hot water to air heating system. In this article, a single integrated environment is created that is used for data acquisition, controller design, simulation, and closed loop controller implementation and testing. This environment provides the power and flexibility needed for rapid prototyping of various controllers and control design methodologies.

Michael Anderson; Michael Buehner; Peter Young; Douglas Hittle; Charles Anderson; Jilin Tu; David Hodgson

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

28

SIMULATION OF RESIDENTIAL HVAC SYSTEM PERFORMANCE  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 LBNL-47622 SIMULATION OF RESIDENTIAL HVAC SYSTEM PERFORMANCE Walker, I., Siegel, J ..................................................... 9 #12;3 ABSTRACT In many parts of North America residential HVAC systems are installed outside of the simulations is that they are dynamic - which accounts for cyclic losses from the HVAC system and the effect

29

Energirigtige pumpekoblinger i HVAC-systemer  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Energirigtige pumpekoblinger i HVAC-systemer PSO 2003 - FORSKNING & UDVIKLING I EFFEKTIV energieffektive HVAC-aggregater #12;InformationomProjektnr.:335-021 PROCESSEN: Projektet er gennemført af en reguleringsprincipper, mens Exhausto har leveret HVAC-aggregat og knowhow inden for klimasystemer. Grundfos

30

MODELING PARTICLE DEPOSITION ON HVAC HEAT EXCHANGERS  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

LBNL-49339 MODELING PARTICLE DEPOSITION ON HVAC HEAT EXCHANGERS J.A. Siegel1,3 * and W.W. Nazaroff2 Department of Energy under contract DE-AC03-76SF00098. #12;MODELING PARTICLE DEPOSITION ON HVAC HEAT, such as discontinuities in the fins, are hypothesized to be responsible for the discrepancy. INDEX TERMS HVAC, Fouling

31

PROJECT REPORT HVAC EQUIPMENT DEMOGRAPHICS AND CAPACITY  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

PROJECT REPORT HVAC EQUIPMENT DEMOGRAPHICS AND CAPACITY ANALYSIS TOOLS APPLICABLE TO MULTI Commercial HVAC Design Process 12 5.0 Conclusion 18 6.0 References 19 TABLE OF CONTENTS SECTIONS #12;MULTI performance by collectively improving the enve- lope, lighting and HVAC systems. The primary goals of the UC

California at Davis, University of

32

CALIFORNIA ENERGY Small HVAC Database Of Monitored  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

CALIFORNIA ENERGY COMMISSION Small HVAC Database Of Monitored Information Database of Compiled of the Integrated Design of Small Commercial HVAC Systems research project. The reports are a result of funding: Productivity and Interior Environments Integrated Design of Large Commercial HVAC Systems Integrated Design

33

CALIFORNIA ENERGY Small HVAC Problems and Potential  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

CALIFORNIA ENERGY COMMISSION Small HVAC Problems and Potential Savings Reports Summary of Problems of the Integrated Design of Small Commercial HVAC Systems research project. The reports are a result of funding: Productivity and Interior Environments Integrated Design of Large Commercial HVAC Systems Integrated Design

34

CALIFORNIA ENERGY Small HVAC System Design Guide  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

CALIFORNIA ENERGY COMMISSION Small HVAC System Design Guide DESIGNGUIDELINES October 2003 500;#12;Small HVAC System Design Guide Acknowledgements i Acknowledgements The products and outcomes presented; Darren Goody, PECI, Design Guide review. #12;Small HVAC System Design Guide Preface ii Preface The Small

35

Development Practice in HVAC Controls  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Development Practice in HVAC Controls Development Practice in HVAC Controls Speaker(s): John Zhou Date: April 11, 2011 - 12:00pm Location: 90-3122 Seminar Host/Point of Contact: Philip Haves The presentation will introduce development tools and design considerations used in HVAC controls development. Controls development use simulation, lab testing and field trial at different phases of the project cycle to improve control performance and to achieve rapid development. Development starts with simulation to originate and define algorithm concept. The concept is then implemented in a prototype controller, and tested in lab environment. The concept is refined and verified by analyzing lab results. In the final phase of development, controllers with refined and verified algorithms are installed in field trial sites to ensure system integration and to confirm

36

Ozone removal by HVAC filters  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Residential and commercial HVAC filters that have been loaded with particles during operation in the field can remove ozone from intake or recirculated air. However, knowledge of the relative importance of HVAC filters as a removal mechanism for ozone in residential and commercial buildings is incomplete. We measured the ozone removal efficiencies of clean (unused) fiberglass, clean synthetic filters, and field-loaded residential and commercial filters in a controlled laboratory setting. For most filters, the ozone removal efficiency declined rapidly but converged to a non-zero (steady-state) value. This steady-state ozone removal efficiency varied from 0% to 9% for clean filters. The mean steady-state ozone removal efficiencies for loaded residential and commercial filters were 10% and 41%, respectively. Repeated exposure of filters to ozone following a 24-h period of no exposure led to a regeneration of ozone removal efficiency. Based on a theoretical scaling analysis of mechanisms that are involved in the ozone removal process, we speculate that the steady-state ozone removal efficiency is limited by reactant diffusion out of particles, and that regeneration is due to internal diffusion of reactive species to sites available to ozone for reaction. Finally, by applying our results to a screening model for typical residential and commercial buildings, HVAC filters were estimated to contribute 22% and 95%, respectively, of total ozone removal in HVAC systems.

P. Zhao; J.A. Siegel; R.L. Corsi

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

37

Software tools for HVAC research  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Energy saving methods can be employed to reduce energy consumption in buildings, or improve indoor thermal conditions. An example of those methods is the use of permeable coverings, but there are other important parameters like thermal inertia. To understand ... Keywords: Building, Computer, Design, Energy saving, HVAC, Software tools

José A. Orosa; Armando C. Oliveira

2011-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

38

STATE OF CALIFORNIA CERTIFICATE OF COMPLIANCE, PRESCRIPTIVE HVAC ALTERATIONS  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

STATE OF CALIFORNIA CERTIFICATE OF COMPLIANCE, PRESCRIPTIVE HVAC ALTERATIONS CEC-MECH-1C-ALT-HVAC (Revised 07/10) CALIFORNIA ENERGY COMMISSION CERTIFICATE OF COMPLIANCE MECH-1C-ALT-HVAC Prescriptive HVAC Steps" column below. Note: After installation of HVAC units and/or ducts, the Installation

39

A Unified and Integrated Energy Management System for HVAC Spaces and Power House  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A UNIFIED AND INTEGRATED ENERGY MANAGEMENT SYSTEM FOR HVAC SPACES AND POWER HOUSE A.Kaya The University of Akron Mechanical Engineering Akron,OH 44325 ABSTRACT This paper describes a totally integrated energy management system throughout... the plant and facilities. The equipment involves: the power flant (boilers, cogeneration turbines, chillers); HVAC 0 buildings; air handling and other distribution systems. The energy management system has the architecture for data transmission...

Kaya, A.; Debban, G. D.

40

Empirical Methodologies for Improving HVAC Efficiency  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Empirical Methodologies for Improving HVAC Efficiency Empirical Methodologies for Improving HVAC Efficiency Speaker(s): Anil Aswani Date: September 21, 2012 - 12:00pm Location: 90-3122 Seminar Host/Point of Contact: Michael Wetter This talk describes the use of empirical methodologies that we have developed for the purpose of improving heating, ventilation, and air-conditioning (HVAC) efficiency through better control algorithms and configuration. We show that semiparametric regression can both identify simplified models of thermal HVAC dynamics while also estimating time-varying heating loads using only real-time temperature measurements from thermostats. These models can be used with our learning-based model predictive control (LBMPC) method in order to improve the energy-efficiency of HVAC. Experiments on testbeds with different types of HVAC show the

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "distributed te hvac" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


41

HVAC Technician | Princeton Plasma Physics Lab  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

HVAC Technician HVAC Technician Department: Facilities Supervisor(s): Tom Ward Staff: L&S 07 Requisition Number: 1300884 Under the supervision of the General Lead Technician and Lead HVAC Technician, the incumbent will be responsible for the installation, preventative maintenance, troubleshooting and repair of various HVAC and refrigeration equipment; local HVAC control systems and ancillary support equipment; and will work with other groups within the Division and throughout the Laboratory to ensure long-term, safe and efficient operation of HVAC and refrigeration systems. All tasks must be completed in a timely, cost efficient manner, support on-going sustainability initiatives and energy efficiency programs at the Laboratory. The incumbent is expected to utilize thorough theoretical knowledge and techniques to accomplish

42

Adaptive HVAC zone modeling for sustainable buildings  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Control of energy flows within a building is critical to achieving optimal performance of heating, ventilation and air-conditioning (HVAC) systems. To design optimal HVAC control strategies, a dynamic model of the HVAC system – particularly the building zones that it services – is essential. As analysis of building energy consumption is facilitated by the accurate prediction of indoor environmental conditions, techniques that dynamically model HVAC zones are crucial, and as such, is an active area of research. This paper focuses on real-time HVAC zone model fitting and prediction techniques based on physical principles, as well as the use of genetic algorithms for optimization. The proposed approach is validated by comparing real-time HVAC zone model fitting and prediction against the corresponding experimental measurements. In addition, comparison with prediction results using an algorithm based on feedback-delayed Kalman filters has demonstrated the superiority of the proposed approach in terms of prediction accuracy.

Glenn Platt; Jiaming Li; Ronxin Li; Geoff Poulton; Geoff James; Josh Wall

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

43

HVAC Commissioning - A Status Report in Taiwan  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

HVAC HVAC CommisioningCommisioning ?? A Status Report in TaiwanA Status Report in Taiwan Dr. K.H. YangDr. K.H. Yang Fellow ASHRAEFellow ASHRAEProfessor, National Sun Professor, National Sun Yat... ,decided to conduct an overall renovation program for the HVAC systems of existing governmental buildings where it is mandatory to adapt BEMS and conducting system commissioning .?This program not only constructs an important step in responding...

Yang, K. H.

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

44

HVAC, Water Heating, and Appliances | Department of Energy  

Energy Savers [EERE]

HVAC, Water Heating, and Appliances HVAC, Water Heating, and Appliances How a Small Business is Transforming the Cold Climate Heating Market How a Small Business is Transforming...

45

Energy Department Releases Roadmaps on HVAC Technologies, Water...  

Energy Savers [EERE]

Energy Department Releases Roadmaps on HVAC Technologies, Water Heating, Appliances, and Low-GWP Refrigerants Energy Department Releases Roadmaps on HVAC Technologies, Water...

46

NETL Sorbents Licensed to Help Lower Power Draw of HVAC  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

the energy efficiency of commercial HVAC (heating, ventilation, and air conditioning) systems. HVAC is one of the largest draws of electric power in the United States. In many...

47

DOE Convening Report on Certification of Commercial HVAC and...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Convening Report on Certification of Commercial HVAC and CRE Products DOE Convening Report on Certification of Commercial HVAC and CRE Products This document is the convening...

48

Project examples Install new HVAC, electrical, fire protection,  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Project examples Install new HVAC, electrical, fire protection, and plumbing systems in Mechanical. · Totransformthisspaceandincreaseaccessibility, anelevatorisrequired.Currently,Blakelydoesnot haveone. Replace HVAC and electrical system

Blanchette, Robert A.

49

Solid State Vehicular Generators and HVAC Development | Department...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Solid State Vehicular Generators and HVAC Development Solid State Vehicular Generators and HVAC Development 2009 DOE Hydrogen Program and Vehicle Technologies Program Annual Merit...

50

Chapter 5: Lighting, HVAC, and Plumbing | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

5: Lighting, HVAC, and Plumbing Chapter 5: Lighting, HVAC, and Plumbing Chapter 5 of the LANL Sustainable Design Guide with guidelines for developing sustainable, healthy,...

51

System-Level Monitoring and Diagnosis of Building HVAC System.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??Heating, ventilation, and air conditioning (HVAC) is an indoor environmental technology that is extensively instrumented for large-scale buildings. Among all subsystems of buildings, the HVAC… (more)

Wu, Siyu

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

52

Utveckling av provmetodik för HVAC på lastbil; Development of test methodology for climatic testing of truck HVAC on trucks.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

?? I detta examensarbetet undersöks hur provningen av HVAC på lastbilar skall utföras i klimatvindtunneln CD7 som Scania färdigställer till år 2013. HVAC omfattar kupéuppvärmning,… (more)

Jonsson, Björn-Emil

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

53

Optimization Control Strategies for HVAC Terminal Boxes  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The HVAC terminal boxes are one of the major building HVAC components. They directly impact the building room comfort conditions and the energy costs. How to operate the box in a highly energy efficient way and maintain the room comfort level...

Zhu, Y.; Batten, T.; Noboa, H.; Claridge, D. E.; Turner, W. D.; Liu, M.; Zhou, J.; Cameron, C.; Keeble, D.; Hirchak, R.

2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

54

Commercial Building HVAC: How it Affects People  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Commercial Building HVAC: How it Affects People Commercial Building HVAC: How it Affects People Speaker(s): William Fisk Date: November 13, 2000 - 12:00pm Location: Bldg. 90 Seminar Host/Point of Contact: David Faulkner Commercial building heating, ventilating, and air conditioning (HVAC) systems are designed primarily to maintain a reasonable level of thermal comfort while limiting first costs and energy consumption. However, research conducted predominately within the last decade suggests that commercial building HVAC significantly influences human outcomes other than thermal comfort, including the health, satisfaction, and work performance of the building's occupants. This presentation will review the relationships of these outcomes with HVAC system type, filtration system efficiency, indoor air temperature, and outside air ventilation rate.

55

HVAC Optimized Heat Exchangers Research Project | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Optimized Heat Exchangers Research Optimized Heat Exchangers Research Project HVAC Optimized Heat Exchangers Research Project The U.S. Department of Energy is currently conducting research into heating, ventilation, and air conditioning (HVAC) optimized heat exchangers. The information generated in this study will demonstrate performance improvements that can be achieved through optimization of refrigerant circuitry for non-uniform inlet air distribution. The tubing circuitry on fin-tube heat exchangers used in residential space-conditioning systems is typically designed assuming uniform airflow through the finned passageways. However, the air flow in installed systems is highly non-uniform, resulting in mismatched refrigerant-air heat transfer that reduces the capacity of the heat exchanger and efficiency of

56

2013 Energy Code Changes That Effect the HVAC  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

2013 Energy Code Changes That Effect the HVAC Industry Tav Commins Mechanical Engineer California Energy Commission #12;HVAC Mandatory Measures For All Newly Installed Residential HVAC Systems (New Watt Draw at .58 W/CFM, or (return duct and filter sizing) MERV 6 Filter #12;Residential HVAC Measures

California at Davis, University of

57

CALIFORNIA ENERGY Large HVAC Field and Baseline Data  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

CALIFORNIA ENERGY COMMISSION Large HVAC Field and Baseline Data Field Data Collection: Site Survey of the Integrated Design of Large Commercial HVAC Systems research project. The reports are a result of funding Design of Large Commercial HVAC Systems Integrated Design of Small Commercial HVAC Systems Integrated

58

Cooling and Dehumidification HVAC Technology for 1990s  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Desiccant Cooling and Dehumidification HVAC Technology for 1990s HVAC: Heating, Ventilation Research Trusts SERI #12;Challenges Facing HVAC Industry in 1990's * Reduction of CFCs * Indoor air quality to solve the problems of the HVAC industry faced in1990's for space conditioning. SERI #12;l- = m mN a- mg

Oak Ridge National Laboratory

59

Residential HVAC Indoor Air Quality(ASHRAE 62.2)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Residential HVAC && Indoor Air Quality(ASHRAE 62.2) Tav Commins #12;Contact Information · Energy construction, Additions /Alterations · Nonresidential and Residential #12;Residential HVAC && Indoor Air Quality(ASHRAE 62.2) ·HVAC EfficiencyHVAC Efficiency ·Quality Installation (HERS Measures) S li b HERS R t

60

Salsbury and Diamond: Automated Testing of HVAC Systems for Commissioning -1 -Automated Testing of HVAC Systems for Commissioning  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

and Diamond: Automated Testing of HVAC Systems for Commissioning - 1 - Automated Testing of HVAC Systems This paper describes an approach to the automation of the commissioning of HVAC systems. The approach of many HVAC systems is limited more by poor installation, commissioning, and maintenance than by poor

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "distributed te hvac" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


61

Investigation of IAQ-Relevant Surface Chemistry and Emissions on HVAC Filter Materials  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

VOCs emitted by reactions of HVAC filters with ozone usingand Emissions on HVAC Filter Materials Hugo Destaillats andChemistry and Emissions on HVAC Filter Materials Authors:

Destaillats, Hugo

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

62

Bus HVAC energy consumption test method based on HVAC unit behavior  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This paper presents a test method for determination of energy consumption of bus HVAC unit. The energy consumption corresponds to a bus engine fuel consumption increase during the HVAC unit operation period. The HVAC unit energy consumption is determined from the unit input power, which is measured under several levels of bus engine speeds and at different levels of testing heat load in the laboratory environment. Since the bus engine fuel consumption is incrementally induced by powering an HVAC unit, the results are subsequently recalculated to the unit fuel consumption under the defined road cycles in terms of standardized diesel engine. The method is likewise applicable either for classic or electric HVAC units with a main consumer (compressor or high voltage alternator) mechanically driven directly from the bus engine and also for electric HVAC units supplied from an alternative electric energy source in case of hybrid or fully electric buses.

M. Hegar; M. Kolda; M. Kopecka; V. Rajtmajer; A. Ryska

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

63

Utveckling av provmetodik för HVAC på lastbil; Development of test methodology for truck HVAC.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

?? The issue about how Scania shall perform HVAC tests in the climatic wind tunnel CD7, which Scania is about to complete by year 2013,… (more)

Tedenäs, Jimmy

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

64

BS-8: HVAC Modeling and Simulation  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

BS-8: HVAC Modeling and Simulation BS-8: HVAC Modeling and Simulation Speaker(s): Darko Sucic Date: December 5, 2001 - 12:00pm Location: Bldg. 90 Seminar Host/Point of Contact: Satkartar K. Kinney Industry Foundation Classes (IFC), an object data model of buildings, are being developed by the International Alliance for Interoperability (IAI) to support data sharing and exchange in the building and construction industry. The IAI, founded in 1995, has published four releases of IFC so far. Several prototype implementations by leading software companies show that commercial IFC software is beginning to meet end user expectations of interoperability in the industry. BS-8 is an LBNL project that started last summer. It is developing the IFC HVAC extension schemata that will extend the IFC object data model and support the exchange of HVAC information

65

HVAC Equipment Rebate Program | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

HVAC Equipment Rebate Program HVAC Equipment Rebate Program HVAC Equipment Rebate Program < Back Eligibility Agricultural Commercial Industrial Installer/Contractor Institutional Multi-Family Residential Nonprofit Schools Savings Category Heating & Cooling Commercial Heating & Cooling Heating Cooling Heat Pumps Maximum Rebate Rebates of greater than $5,000 require pre-approval Program Info Funding Source Efficiency Vermont Public Benefit Fund Expiration Date 06/30/2013 State Vermont Program Type State Rebate Program Rebate Amount Varies depending on technology and efficiency Provider Efficiency Vermont NOTE: Rebate reservations are required for all boiler and furnace projects. Efficiency Vermont offers rebates for commercial installations of high-efficiency HVAC equipment and controls. For businesses and purchases

66

Recovery Act-Funded HVAC projects  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

The U.S. Department of Energy was allocated funding from the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act to conduct research into heating, ventilation, and air conditioning (HVAC) technologies and...

67

Interdisciplinary Innovation and Vision in the HVAC  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

potentials for optimizing costs can be found in the HVAC systems when calculated over the total Life-Cycle-Cost (LCC) of a building incorporating planning through to facility management. This requires an accurate plan specifying an efficient technical...

Hecker, T.

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

68

HVAC Energy Recovery Design and Economic Evaluation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

ENRECO has prepared this paper on HVAC energy recovery to provide the engineer with an overview of the design engineering as well as the economic analysis considerations necessary to evaluate the potential benefits of energy recovery....

Kinnier, R. J.

1979-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

69

A PDI for your HVAC System  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

This presentation was given at the Summer 2012 DOE Building America meeting on July 25, 2012, and addressed the question "HVAC proper installation energy savings: over-promising or under-deliverying?"

70

Modeling and optimization of building HVAC systems.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??This thesis presents the development of hybrid modeling methodologies for HVAC component static/steady-state models and dynamic/transient models, and the development and implementation of a model-based… (more)

Jin, Guang Yu.

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

71

A comparison between two underfloor air distribution (UFAD) design tools  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

TWO UNDERFLOOR AIR DISTRIBUTION (UFAD) DESIGN TOOLS Bin CHENunderfloor air distribution (UFAD) design tools (ASHRAE RP-air distribution (UFAD), Cooling load, Design tool, HVAC

Chen, Bin; Schiavon, Stefano; Bauman, Fred S; Chen, Qingyan

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

72

Non-Vapor Compression HVAC Technologies Report  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

While vapor-compression technologies have served heating, ventilation, and air-conditioning (HVAC) needs very effectively, and have been the dominant HVAC technology for close to 100 years, the conventional refrigerants used in vapor-compression equipment contribute to global climate change when released to the atmosphere. The Building Technologies Office is evaluating low-global warming potential (GWP) alternatives to vapor-compression technologies.

73

Measuring Advances in HVAC Distribution System Design  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy, Office of BuildingEnergy Efficiency and Renewable Energy, Office of Building

Franconi, E.

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

74

Building Technologies Office: HVAC Optimized Heat Exchangers Research  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Optimized Heat Optimized Heat Exchangers Research Project to someone by E-mail Share Building Technologies Office: HVAC Optimized Heat Exchangers Research Project on Facebook Tweet about Building Technologies Office: HVAC Optimized Heat Exchangers Research Project on Twitter Bookmark Building Technologies Office: HVAC Optimized Heat Exchangers Research Project on Google Bookmark Building Technologies Office: HVAC Optimized Heat Exchangers Research Project on Delicious Rank Building Technologies Office: HVAC Optimized Heat Exchangers Research Project on Digg Find More places to share Building Technologies Office: HVAC Optimized Heat Exchangers Research Project on AddThis.com... About Take Action to Save Energy Partner with DOE Activities Appliances Research Building Envelope Research

75

Building Technologies Office: Recovery Act-Funded HVAC Research Projects  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

HVAC Research Projects to someone by E-mail HVAC Research Projects to someone by E-mail Share Building Technologies Office: Recovery Act-Funded HVAC Research Projects on Facebook Tweet about Building Technologies Office: Recovery Act-Funded HVAC Research Projects on Twitter Bookmark Building Technologies Office: Recovery Act-Funded HVAC Research Projects on Google Bookmark Building Technologies Office: Recovery Act-Funded HVAC Research Projects on Delicious Rank Building Technologies Office: Recovery Act-Funded HVAC Research Projects on Digg Find More places to share Building Technologies Office: Recovery Act-Funded HVAC Research Projects on AddThis.com... About Take Action to Save Energy Partner with DOE Activities Appliances Research Building Envelope Research Windows, Skylights, & Doors Research Space Heating & Cooling Research

76

Building Technologies Office: HVAC and Water Heater Field Tests Research  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

HVAC and Water Heater HVAC and Water Heater Field Tests Research Project to someone by E-mail Share Building Technologies Office: HVAC and Water Heater Field Tests Research Project on Facebook Tweet about Building Technologies Office: HVAC and Water Heater Field Tests Research Project on Twitter Bookmark Building Technologies Office: HVAC and Water Heater Field Tests Research Project on Google Bookmark Building Technologies Office: HVAC and Water Heater Field Tests Research Project on Delicious Rank Building Technologies Office: HVAC and Water Heater Field Tests Research Project on Digg Find More places to share Building Technologies Office: HVAC and Water Heater Field Tests Research Project on AddThis.com... About Take Action to Save Energy Partner with DOE Activities Appliances Research

77

Theoretical Minimum Energy Use of a Building HVAC System  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This paper investigates the theoretical minimum energy use required by the HVAC system in a particular code compliant office building. This limit might be viewed as the "Carnot Efficiency" for HVAC system. It assumes that all ventilation and air...

Tanskyi, O.

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

78

EECBG Success Story: HVAC Upgrade Saving Money, Protecting History...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

HVAC Upgrade Saving Money, Protecting History EECBG Success Story: HVAC Upgrade Saving Money, Protecting History November 2, 2010 - 5:37pm Addthis A new heating and cooling system...

79

System Optimization - The Global Approach to HVAC Control  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

System Optimization is a new approach to HVAC control as implemented by Energy Management Control Systems. System Optimization is defined as electronic building control strategies which treat a building's HVAC components as a complete energy...

Thielman, D. E.

1984-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

80

Practical Approach in Design of HVAC Systems Utilizing Geothermal Energy  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Geothermal is the Earth’s thermal energy. In recent years geothermal energy has been utilized for generation of electricity, heating and air conditioning (HVAC). Geothermal HVAC systems are cost effective, energy

M. Fathizadeh; D. Seims

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "distributed te hvac" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


81

Review of modeling methods for HVAC systems  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract This work presents the literature review of the methods used to model the heating, ventilation, and air conditioning (HVAC) systems. The model development is necessary for the study of the energy consumption of HVAC systems. Models are also required to simulate the different supervisory and local loop control strategies to improve the energy consumption efficiency. HVAC systems have complex structures consisting of heat and mass transfer equipment such as chiller, boiler, heating/cooling coils, and supply air ducts. HVAC systems also consist of several sensors and controllers for regulating the controllable variables such as zone temperature, supply air temperature, supply air fan speed, duct static pressure, and chilled water temperature at their set-points. To predict the energy consumption by the HVAC systems accurately, one needs to model the individual components either from the measured data or based on the knowledge of the underlying physical phenomenon. This results in three broad classes of the models known as data driven, physics based, and grey box models. In this paper, major data driven, physics based, and grey box modeling techniques reported in the recent literature are reviewed.

Abdul Afram; Farrokh Janabi-Sharifi

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

82

Implementation and main results Ecient Management of HVAC Systems  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

water to remove heat from the air in the building. In HVAC system equipped with chillers, the electrical #12;Motivation Implementation and main results HVAC Systems Multiple-chiller systems Heating, Ventilation and Air-Conditioning System Heating, Ventilation and Air Conditioning Systems (HVAC) represents

Schenato, Luca

83

Atmospheric Environment 41 (2007) 31513160 Ozone removal by HVAC filters  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Atmospheric Environment 41 (2007) 3151­3160 Ozone removal by HVAC filters P. Zhao, J.A. Siegel�, R May 2006; accepted 14 June 2006 Abstract Residential and commercial HVAC filters that have been loaded of the relative importance of HVAC filters as a removal mechanism for ozone in residential and commercial

Siegel, Jeffrey

84

MATERIALS AND INFORMATION FLOWS FOR HVAC DUCTWORK FABRICATION AND SITE  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

MATERIALS AND INFORMATION FLOWS FOR HVAC DUCTWORK FABRICATION AND SITE INSTALLATION Matt Holzemer,1, and air-conditioning (HVAC) systems requires a set of complex activities and handoffs between multiple architecture-, engineering-, and construction practitioners. This paper highlights one part of the HVAC

Tommelein, Iris D.

85

ThermoSense: Occupancy Thermal Based Sensing for HVAC Control  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

ThermoSense: Occupancy Thermal Based Sensing for HVAC Control Alex Beltran Elect. Eng. & Comp Occupancy Sensing, Thermal Sensing, HVAC Control 1. INTRODUCTION From 1980 to 2010, energy in the United, November 13-14 2013, Rome, Italy. Copyright 2013 ACM 978-1-4503-2431-1/13/11 ...$15.00. (HVAC) consumed 42

Cerpa, Alberto E.

86

Department of Mechanical Engineering Spring 2012 HVAC Filter Sensor -Global  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

PENNSTATE Department of Mechanical Engineering Spring 2012 HVAC Filter Sensor - Global Overview The purpose of this project is to develop a heating, ventilation, and air conditioning (HVAC) monitoring a residential, forced flow, multi-zone HVAC filter needs to be replaced, and then alerts the users

Demirel, Melik C.

87

Modeling Building Thermal Response to HVAC Zoning Virginia Smith  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Modeling Building Thermal Response to HVAC Zoning Virginia Smith Department of Computer Science HVAC systems account for 38% of building energy usage. Studies have indicated at least 5-15% waste due to unoccu- pied spaces being conditioned. Our goal is to minimize this waste by retrofitting HVAC systems

Whitehouse, Kamin

88

SMUD's HVAC Programs Ravi Patel-Program Planning  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 SMUD's HVAC Programs 5-7-13 Ravi Patel- Program Planning Bruce Baccei- R&D #12;SMUD's Residential contractors trained and BPI certified ­ Majority were pushing only HVAC; now driving the HPP · Program encourages more HVAC replacements to occur through HPP ­ Move away from stand alone programs ­ Start

California at Davis, University of

89

Lessons Learned During HVAC Installation Dept. of Computer Science  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Lessons Learned During HVAC Installation Ian Watson AI-CBR Dept. of Computer Science University of HVAC equipment. It has been developed as an adjunct to an existing system that uses case-based reasoning to reuse previous HVAC installation specifications and designs. The system described lets

Watson, Ian

90

An update on acoustics designs for HVAC (Engineering) K. Marriott  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

An update on acoustics designs for HVAC (Engineering) K. Marriott IOA, 29a Ashburton Road, Croydon and Air Conditioning (HVAC) engineer is to engineer ways for keeping these factors under control the HVAC engineer's environmental requirements while minimizing noise generated in the process considering

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

91

Utilizing Passive Ventilation to Complement HVAC Systems in Enclosed Buildings  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Utilizing Passive Ventilation to Complement HVAC Systems in Enclosed Buildings Tom Rogg REU Student to assist HVAC has the potential to significantly reduce life cycle cost and energy consumption and electrical system that will tie thermostats to controlled valves in the actual HVAC system. Based on results

Mountziaris, T. J.

92

Modeling and simulation of HVAC Results in EnergyPlus  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

LBNL-5564E Modeling and simulation of HVAC Results in EnergyPlus Mangesh Basarkar, Xiufeng Pang;MODELING AND SIMULATION OF HVAC FAULTS IN ENERGYPLUS Mangesh Basarkar, Xiufeng Pang, Liping Wang, Philip not capture the significant impact of installation, operational and degradation HVAC system faults on actual

93

Monitoring-based HVAC Commissioning of an Existing Office  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

LBNL-5940E Monitoring-based HVAC Commissioning of an Existing Office Building for Energy Efficiency thereof or The Regents of the University of California. #12;1 Monitoring-based HVAC Commissioning@lbl.gov, Tel: 1-510-486-4921 Abstract The performance of Heating, Ventilation and Air Conditioning (HVAC

94

Handover Performance of HVAC Duct Based Indoor Wireless Networks  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Handover Performance of HVAC Duct Based Indoor Wireless Networks A. E. Xhafa, P. Sonthikorn, and O in indoor wireless net- works (IWN) that use heating, ventilation, and air conditioning (HVAC) ducts.e., new call blocking and handover dropping probabilities, of an IWN that uses HVAC ducts are up to 6

Stancil, Daniel D.

95

Implementation of a Scenario-based MPC for HVAC Systems  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Implementation of a Scenario-based MPC for HVAC Systems: an Experimental Case Study Alessandra, Ventilation and Air Conditioning (HVAC) systems play a fundamental role in maintaining acceptable thermal energy savings potential. Developing effective MPC-based control strategies for HVAC systems

Johansson, Karl Henrik

96

Continued on next page A letter explaining the 2005 HVAC  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Continued on next page A letter explaining the 2005 HVAC Change-out to consumers is available this bulletin, or downloaded from the 2005 HVAC Change out Information website at: www.energy.ca.gov/title24 duct sealing requirements for HVAC change-outs in existing homes become effective October 1, 2005

97

Deposition of Biological Aerosols on HVAC Heat Exchangers  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

LBNL-47669 Deposition of Biological Aerosols on HVAC Heat Exchangers Jeffrey Siegel and Iain Walker of Biological Aerosols on HVAC Heat Exchangers Jeffrey A. Siegel Iain S. Walker, Ph.D. ASHRAE Student Member that are found in commercial and residential HVAC systems of 1 - 6 m/s (200 - 1200 ft/min), particle diameters

98

Tematiche di ricerca Controllo di sistemi HVAC&R  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Tematiche di ricerca Controllo di sistemi HVAC&R Controllo di processo per l'industria dei;Tematiche di ricerca Controllo di sistemi HVAC&R Controllo di processo per l'industria dei semiconduttori controllo di sistemi HVAC&R 2 Controllo di processo per l'industria dei semiconduttori 3 Problemi di

Schenato, Luca

99

Long Range Passive UHF RFID System Using HVAC Ducts  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

INVITED P A P E R Long Range Passive UHF RFID System Using HVAC Ducts To provide a potential communications channel, HVAC ducts can function as electromagnetic waveguides; a 30-m read range has been-conditioning (HVAC) ducts as a potential communication channel between passive ultrahigh-frequency (UHF) radio

Hochberg, Michael

100

Chapter 5: Lighting, HVAC, and Plumbing  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

: Lighting, : Lighting, HVAC, and Plumbing High-Performance Engineering Design Lighting System Design Mechanical System Design Central Plant Systems Plumbing and Water Use Building Control Systems Electrical Power Systems Metering LANL | Chapter 5 High-Performance Engineering Design Lighting, HVAC, and Plumbing By now, the building envelope serves multiple roles. It protects the occupants from changing weather condi- tions and it plays a key part in meeting the occupants' comfort needs. The heating, ventilating, air-conditioning, and lighting (HVAC&L) systems complement the archi- tectural design, govern the building's operation and maintenance costs, and shape the building's long-term environmental impact. The architectural design maximizes the potential for a high-performance building, but it is the

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "distributed te hvac" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


101

Measurement of Dijet Angular Distributions at sq root(s)=1.96 TeV and Searches for Quark Compositeness and Extra Spatial Dimensions  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We present the first measurement of dijet angular distributions in pp collisions at sq root(s)=1.96 TeV at the Fermilab Tevatron Collider. The measurement is based on a dataset corresponding to an integrated luminosity of 0.7 fb{sup -1} collected with the D0 detector. Dijet angular distributions have been measured over a range of dijet masses, from 0.25 TeV to above 1.1 TeV. The data are in good agreement with the predictions of perturbative QCD and are used to constrain new physics models including quark compositeness, large extra dimensions, and TeV{sup -1} scale extra dimensions. For all models considered, we set the most stringent direct limits to date.

Abazov, V. M.; Alexeev, G. D.; Kharzheev, Y. N.; Malyshev, V. L.; Tokmenin, V. V.; Vertogradov, L. S.; Yatsunenko, Y. A. [Joint Institute for Nuclear Research, Dubna (Russian Federation); Abbott, B.; Gutierrez, P.; Hossain, S.; Jain, S.; Rominsky, M.; Severini, H.; Skubic, P.; Strauss, M. [University of Oklahoma, Norman, Oklahoma 73019 (United States); Abolins, M.; Benitez, J. A.; Brock, R.; Edmunds, D.; Hall, I. [Michigan State University, East Lansing, Michigan 48824 (United States)

2009-11-06T23:59:59.000Z

102

A PDI for your HVAC System  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

8/3/2012 Technical Approach Develop a PDI for HVAC PDI focus is on Inspecting Installation - a $10 Chinese sweatshop t-shirt gets a QA/QC sticker, why not a $10k HVAC system? Develop & require diagnostics that confirm good installations: - Air flow, duct leakage, refrigerant charge, delivered temperatures, system pressures, filter requirements, fan power, noise - On board diagnostics (OBD) for flow, pressures, fan power, charge Make it a warranty requirement, code requirement, permit requirement, etc. Recommended Guidance Develop the PDI checklist and label (include target and system test results) - External Tests: duct leaks - Internal Tests: OBD for system pressures, air flow, charge, fan power - Labels: Certify tight equipment

103

Final Report: Property Improvement in CZT via Modeling and Processing Innovations – Te-particles in vertical gradient freeze CZT: Size and Spatial Distributions and Constitutional Supercooling  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A section of a vertical gradient freeze CZT boule approximately 2100-mm3 with a planar area of 300-mm2 was prepared and examined using transmitted IR microscopy at various magnifications to determine the three-dimensional spatial and size distributions of Te-particles over large longitudinal and radial length scales. The boule section was approximately 50-mm wide by 60-mm in length by 7-mm thick and was doubly polished for TIR work. Te-particles were imaged through the thickness using extended focal imaging to locate the particles in thickness planes spaced 15-µm apart and then in plane of the image using xy-coordinates of the particle center of mass so that a true three dimensional particle map was assembled for a 1-mm by 45-mm longitudinal strip and for a 1-mm by 50-mm radial strip. Te-particle density distributions were determined as a function of longitudinal and radial positions in these strips, and treating the particles as vertices of a network created a 3D image of the particle spatial distribution. Te-particles exhibited a multi-modal log-normal size density distribution that indicated a slight preference for increasing size with longitudinal growth time, while showing a pronounced cellular network structure throughout the boule that can be correlated to dislocation network sizes in CZT. Higher magnification images revealed a typical Rayleigh-instability pearl string morphology with large and small satellite droplets. This study includes solidification experiments in small crucibles of 30:70 mixtures of Cd:Te to reduce the melting point below 1273 K (1000?C). These solidification experiments were performed over a wide range of cooling rates and clearly demonstrated a growth instability with Te-particle capture that is suggested to be responsible for one of the peaks in the size distribution using size discrimination visualization. The results are discussed with regard to a manifold Te-particle genesis history as 1) Te-particle direct capture from melt-solid growth instabilities, 2) Te-particle formation from dislocation core diffusion and the formation and breakup of Te-tubes, and 3) Te-particle formation due to classical nucleation and growth as precipitates.

Henager, Charles H.; Alvine, Kyle J.; Bliss, Mary; Riley, Brian J.; Stave, Jean A.

2014-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

104

Research & Development Roadmap: Emerging HVAC Technologies  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

The Research and Development (R&D) Roadmap for Emerging Heating, Ventilation, and Air-Conditioning (HVAC) Technologies provides recommendations to the Building Technologies Office (BTO) on R&D activities to pursue that will aid in achieving BTO’s energy savings goals.

105

Sound quality descriptors for HVAC equipment from ARI Standards  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The Air Conditioning and Refrigeration Institute (ARI) has several standards that provide methods to evaluate the sound quality of heating ventilating and air?conditioning (HVAC) equipment. These include Standard 270 Sound rating of outdoor unitary equipment Standard 350 Sound rating of non?ducted indoor air?conditioning equipment and Standard 1140P Procedures for evaluating sound quality of HVAC equipment. The preferred method in these standards is best described in Standard 1140P which uses one?third octave band sound power levels that are weighted to adjust for the sensitivity to frequency distribution and presence of tones and are then converted to a single number sound quality indicator. The tone adjustment is based on the projection of a given one?third octave band level relative to the average of the adjacent one?third octave bands. An alternate use of Zwicker method B to determine loudness and loudness level is also provided in ARI Standard 1140P. These standards provide a convenient method by which complex sounds for similar products may be compared.

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

106

University of North Carolina at Charlotte Design and Construction Manual Section 2, Division 23 HVAC  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

­ HVAC SECTION 2 DIVISION 23 HVAC #12;University of North Carolina at Charlotte Design and Construction Manual Section 2, Division 23 ­ HVAC DIVISION 23 - HVAC Note: This is a guide for Designers only 23 0510 - MECHANICAL GENERAL - HVAC PART 1 - GENERAL 1.1 MECHANICAL DESIGNER: A. Design

Xie,Jiang (Linda)

107

Transverse-momentum and pseudorapidity distributions of charged hadrons in pp collisions at sqrt(s) = 7 TeV  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Charged-hadron transverse-momentum and pseudorapidity distributions in proton-proton collisions at {radical}s = 7 TeV are measured with the inner tracking system of the CMS detector at the LHC. The charged-hadron yield is obtained by counting the number of reconstructed hits, hit-pairs, and fully reconstructed charged-particle tracks. The combination of the three methods gives a charged-particle multiplicity per unit of pseudorapidity dN{sub ch}/d{eta}|{eta}|<0.5 = 5.78 {+-} 0.01 (stat.) {+-} 0.23 (syst.) for non-single-diffractive events, higher than predicted by commonly used models. The relative increase in charged-particle multiplicity from {radical}s = 0.9 to 7 TeV is 66.1% {+-} 1.0% (stat.) {+-} 4.2% (syst.). The mean transverse momentum is measured to be 0.545 {+-} 0.005 (stat.) {+-} 0.015 (syst.) GeV/c. The results are compared with similar measurements at lower energies.

Khachatryan, Vardan; Sirunyan, Albert M.; Tumasyan, Armen; Adam, Wolfgang; Bergauer, Thomas; Dragicevic, Marko; Er, Janos; Fabjan, Christian; Friedl, Markus; Fruehwirth, Rudolf; Ghete, Vasile Mihai; /Yerevan Phys. Inst. /Vienna, OAW /CERN /Minsk, High Energy Phys. Ctr. /Antwerp U., WISINF /Vrije U., Brussels /Brussels U. /Gent U. /Louvain U. /UMH, Mons /Rio de Janeiro, CBPF /Rome U. /INFN, Rome /CERN /Turin U. /INFN, Turin /Piemonte Orientale U., Novara /Trieste U. /INFN, Trieste /CHEP, Taegu /Chonnam Natl. U. /Korea U. /UCLA /CERN /UC, Riverside /Budapest, RMKI /UC, San Diego /UC, Santa Barbara /Caltech /Carnegie Mellon U. /Colorado U. /Cornell U. /Fairfield U.

2010-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

108

Estimates of HVAC filtration efficiency for fine and ultrafine particles of outdoor origin  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract This work uses 194 outdoor particle size distributions (PSDs) from the literature to estimate single-pass heating, ventilating, and air-conditioning (HVAC) filter removal efficiencies for PM2.5 and ultrafine particles (UFPs: HVAC filters identified in the literature. Filters included those with a minimum efficiency reporting value (MERV) of 5, 6, 7, 8, 10, 12, 14, and 16, as well as HEPA filters. We demonstrate that although the MERV metric defined in ASHRAE Standard 52.2 does not explicitly account for UFP or PM2.5 removal efficiency, estimates of filtration efficiency for both size fractions increased with increasing MERV. Our results also indicate that outdoor PSD characteristics and assumptions for particle density and typical size-resolved infiltration factors (in the absence of HVAC filtration) do not drastically impact estimates of HVAC filter removal efficiencies for PM2.5. The impact of these factors is greater for UFPs; however, they are also somewhat predictable. Despite these findings, our results also suggest that MERV alone cannot always be used to predict UFP or PM2.5 removal efficiency given the various size-resolved removal efficiencies of different makes and models, particularly for MERV 7 and MERV 12 filters. This information improves knowledge of how the MERV designation relates to PM2.5 and UFP removal efficiency for indoor particles of outdoor origin. Results can be used to simplify indoor air quality modeling efforts and inform standards and guidelines.

Parham Azimi; Dan Zhao; Brent Stephens

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

109

Parton distribution function dependence of benchmark Standard Model total cross sections at the 7 TeV LHC  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We compare predictions for the W, Z, gg->H and t-tbar total cross sections at the Large Hadron Collider (LHC), for a centre-of-mass energy of 7 TeV, using the most recent publicly available next-to-leading order and next-to-next-to-leading order parton distribution functions (PDFs) from all PDF fitting groups. In particular, we focus on the dependence on the different values of the strong coupling, alpha_S(M_Z^2), used by each group. We also perform a comparison of the relevant quark-antiquark and gluon-gluon luminosity functions. We make some comments on the recent PDF4LHC recommendations. Finally, we discuss the comparison of data and theory for W and Z cross sections at the LHC.

Watt, G

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

110

Parton distribution function dependence of benchmark Standard Model total cross sections at the 7 TeV LHC  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We compare predictions for the W, Z, gg->H and t-tbar total cross sections at the Large Hadron Collider (LHC), for a centre-of-mass energy of 7 TeV, using the most recent publicly available next-to-leading order and next-to-next-to-leading order parton distribution functions (PDFs) from all PDF fitting groups. In particular, we focus on the dependence on the different values of the strong coupling, alpha_S(M_Z^2), used by each group. We also perform a comparison of the relevant quark-antiquark and gluon-gluon luminosity functions. We make some comments on the recent PDF4LHC recommendations. Finally, we discuss the comparison of data and theory for W and Z cross sections at the LHC.

G. Watt

2011-06-28T23:59:59.000Z

111

Laboratory measurement of secondary pollutant yields from ozone reaction with HVAC filters.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Ozone Reaction with HVAC Filters Hugo Destaillats, WenhaoOzone Reaction with HVAC Filters Hugo Destaillats 1,3,* ,Ozone Reaction with HVAC Filters Hugo Destaillats 1,3,* ,

Destaillats, Hugo

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

112

HVAC Efficiency Controls Could Mean Significant Savings | Department of  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

HVAC Efficiency Controls Could Mean Significant Savings HVAC Efficiency Controls Could Mean Significant Savings HVAC Efficiency Controls Could Mean Significant Savings April 27, 2012 - 11:58am Addthis HVAC Efficiency Controls Could Mean Significant Savings April Saylor April Saylor Former Digital Outreach Strategist, Office of Public Affairs What does this mean for me? Commercial building owners could save an average 38% on their heating & cooling bills just by installing a few new controls onto their HVAC systems. According to a new report from Pacific Northwest National Lab, commercial building owners could save an average 38 percent on their heating and cooling bills just by installing a few new controls onto their HVAC systems. These findings mean significant potential savings for building owners who use commercial rooftop systems - but there's just one problem: the

113

Applications of HVAC System Utilizing Building Thermal Mass in Japan  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Applications of HVAC System Utilizing Building Thermal Mass in Japan Applications of HVAC System Utilizing Building Thermal Mass in Japan Speaker(s): Katsuhiro Miura Date: January 27, 2012 - 10:00am Location: 90-3122 Seminar Host/Point of Contact: Michael Wetter Buildings have a large thermal capacity and it affects much on building thermal load for the HVAC system. The thermal mass can be utilized also to control the thermal load by storing thermal energy before HVAC operation. There are two ways to store thermal energy. One is by operating the HVAC system and the other is by natural ventilation, mainly at night. The latter could be combined with daily HVAC operation as a hybrid ventilation. Thermal mass storage is useful to decrease the hourly peak load and the daily thermal load and can be used for both cooling and heating purpose.

114

Building Technologies Office: HVAC Radial Air Bearing Heat Exchanger  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Radial Air Bearing Radial Air Bearing Heat Exchanger Research Project to someone by E-mail Share Building Technologies Office: HVAC Radial Air Bearing Heat Exchanger Research Project on Facebook Tweet about Building Technologies Office: HVAC Radial Air Bearing Heat Exchanger Research Project on Twitter Bookmark Building Technologies Office: HVAC Radial Air Bearing Heat Exchanger Research Project on Google Bookmark Building Technologies Office: HVAC Radial Air Bearing Heat Exchanger Research Project on Delicious Rank Building Technologies Office: HVAC Radial Air Bearing Heat Exchanger Research Project on Digg Find More places to share Building Technologies Office: HVAC Radial Air Bearing Heat Exchanger Research Project on AddThis.com... About Take Action to Save Energy Partner with DOE

115

Pitfalls in Building and HVAC Systems  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

the summer savings. ? Consider all forms of savings, not just en ergy. Opportunities are often missed be cause only energy savings are consideted. For example, the installation of extetior wall insulation or aluminum thermopane win dows result in a...PITFALLS IN BUILDING AND HVAC SYSTEMS B. N. Gidwani, P.E. Roy F. Weston, Inc. West Chester, Pennsylvania ABSTRACT The purpose of an energy audit is to identify and analyze areas of energy consumption and to pro pose methods of conservation...

Gidwani, B. N.

116

Pedernales Electric Cooperative - HVAC Rebate Program | Department of  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Pedernales Electric Cooperative - HVAC Rebate Program Pedernales Electric Cooperative - HVAC Rebate Program Pedernales Electric Cooperative - HVAC Rebate Program < Back Eligibility Commercial Residential Commercial Residential Savings Category Heating & Cooling Commercial Heating & Cooling Cooling Heat Pumps Program Info State Texas Program Type Utility Rebate Program Utility Rebate Program Rebate Amount Central AC with Gas Furnace: $300 - $400/unit Heat Pump: $400 - $500/unit Dual-Fuel Heat Pump: $400 - $500/unit Geothermal Heat Pump: $1,000/unit Water-Source Heat Pump: $1,000/unit Provider Pedernales Electric Cooperative Pedernales Electric Cooperative offers equipment rebates to members who install energy efficient HVAC equipment. Eligible equipment includes:

117

Fabrication of A Quantum Well Based System for Truck HVAC  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Discusses performance differences between conventional modules and quantum well modules and details a conventional HZ-14 device, using bulk bismuth-telluride advantageous for truck HVAC applications.

118

Fault Detection and Diagnosis in Building HVAC Systems.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??Building HVAC systems account for more than 30% of annual energy consumption in United States. However, it has become apparent that only in a small… (more)

Najafi, Massieh

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

119

The impact of filter loading on residential hvac performance.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??Buildings are the primary user of energy in the USA. Within homes, the heating, ventilation, and air condition (HVAC) system is the largest energy consumer.… (more)

Kruger, Abraham J.

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

120

Comparison of Building Energy Modeling Programs: HVAC Systems  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

or FAU with no control), supply water temperature, pressureunder the same control The supply air temperature and supplyHVAC control strategies of supply air temperature, supply

Zhou, Xin

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "distributed te hvac" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


121

Improving the Efficiency of Light-Duty Vehicle HVAC Systems using...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Light-Duty Vehicle HVAC Systems using Zonal Thermoelectric Devices and Comfort Modeling Improving the Efficiency of Light-Duty Vehicle HVAC Systems using Zonal Thermoelectric...

122

A Scenario-based Predictive Control Approach to Building HVAC Management Systems  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A Scenario-based Predictive Control Approach to Building HVAC Management Systems Alessandra Parisio and Air Conditioning (HVAC) systems while minimizing the overall energy use. The strategy uses

Johansson, Karl Henrik

123

SIMULATION AND EXPERIMENTAL VALIDATION OF AIRBORNE AND STRUCTURE-BORNE NOISE TRANSMISSION IN HVAC PLENUMS.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??This research demonstrates the usage of numerical acoustics to model sound and vibrational energy propagation in HVAC ducts and plenums. Noise and vibration in HVAC… (more)

Ramalingam, Srinivasan

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

124

Characterization of HVAC operation uncertainty in EnergyPlus AHU modules.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??This study addresses 5 uncertainties that exist in the operation of HVAC systems, which will presumably affect the actual energy consumption of the HVAC system… (more)

Sui, Di

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

125

Energy Master Plans for Sustainable, High Performance HVAC and Associated Systems for Hot and Humid Climates  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

; Equal pressure ducting systems; Modular heating and cooling generation, small zone control. 4.Complexity: If you cannot understand the system without explanation, it is too complex. If you need to read a sequence of operation more than once... by over 75%. It is the HVAC system selection and in particular the distribution systems that require to be carefully selected and designed to achieve long-term minimum electrical use. Electrical refrigeration uses only 25% of the electricity...

Maisey, G. E.; Milestone, B.

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

126

Energy efficient HVAC system features thermal storage and heat recovery  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This article describes a HVAC system designed to efficiently condition a medical center. The topics of the article include energy efficient design of the HVAC system, incentive rebate program by the local utility, indoor air quality, innovative design features, operations and maintenance, payback and life cycle cost analysis results, and energy consumption.

Bard, E.M. (Bard, Rao + Athanas Consulting Engineering Inc., Boston, MA (United States))

1994-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

127

Occupancy Based Demand Response HVAC Control Strategy Varick L. Erickson  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Occupancy Based Demand Response HVAC Control Strategy Varick L. Erickson University of California an efficient demand response HVAC control strategy, actual room usage must be considered. Temperature and CO2 are used for simulations but not for predictive demand response strategies. In this paper, we develop

Cerpa, Alberto E.

128

HVAC & Building Management Control System Energy Efficiency Replacements  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The project objective was the replacement of an aging, un-repairable HVAC system which has grown inefficient and a huge energy consumer with low energy and efficient HVAC units, and installation of energy efficient building control technologies at City's YMCA Community Center.

Hernandez, Adriana

2012-09-21T23:59:59.000Z

129

Columbia Water and Light - HVAC and Lighting Efficiency Rebates |  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Columbia Water and Light - HVAC and Lighting Efficiency Rebates Columbia Water and Light - HVAC and Lighting Efficiency Rebates Columbia Water and Light - HVAC and Lighting Efficiency Rebates < Back Eligibility Commercial Industrial Savings Category Heating & Cooling Commercial Heating & Cooling Cooling Heat Pumps Appliances & Electronics Commercial Lighting Lighting Maximum Rebate Lighting: 50% of invoiced cost up to $22,500 Program Info State Missouri Program Type Utility Rebate Program Rebate Amount HVAC Replacements: $570 - $3,770 Lighting: $300/kW reduction or half of project cost Provider Columbia Water and Light Columbia Water and Light (CWL) offers rebates to its commercial and industrial customers for the purchase of high efficiency HVAC installations and efficient lighting. Incentives for certain measures are based upon the

130

Building Energy Software Tools Directory: HVAC 1 Toolkit  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

HVAC 1 Toolkit HVAC 1 Toolkit HVAC 1 Toolkit logo. The Toolkit for Primary HVAC System Energy Calculations is a collection of thirty-eight separate subroutines and corresponding documentation that describes algorithms for predicting the performance of HVAC components. The Toolkit documentation includes thorough descriptions of the component models and solution algorithms, detailed information on the structure of the individual FORTRAN 77 routines, as well as illustrative examples of system simulations with the Toolkit routines. The Toolkit serves two purposes: modules for large-scale simulation and stand-alone component performance prediction. The Toolkit components can also be used to calculate the energy performance of a component with a dedicated driver program to provide the necessary information flow to the Toolkit routines.

131

A Fault Detection and Diagnosis Method for HVAC Systems  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

A Fault Detection and Diagnosis Method for HVAC Systems A Fault Detection and Diagnosis Method for HVAC Systems Speaker(s): Peng Xu Date: December 2, 2002 - 12:00pm Location: Bldg. 90 There is a growing consensus that most buildings do not perform as well as intended and that faults in HVAC systems are widespread in commercial buildings. An automated fault detection and diagnosis tool for HVAC systems is being developed, based on an integrated, life-cycle, approach to commissioning and performance monitoring. The tool uses component-level HVAC equipment models implemented in the SPARK equation-based simulation environment. The models are configured using design information and component manufacturers' data and then fine-tuned to match the actual performance of the equipment by using data measured during functional tests

132

Best practices guide for residential HVAC Retrofits  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This best practices guide for residential HVAC system retrofits is aimed at contractors who want guidance on delivering energy efficient, cost effective and innovative products. It has been developed around the idea of having packages of changes to the building HVAC system and building envelope that are climate and house construction dependent. These packages include materials, procedures and equipment and are designed to remove some of the guesswork from a builder, contractor, installer or homeowner decisions about how best to carry out HVAC changes. The packages are not meant to be taken as rigid requirements--instead they are systems engineered guidelines that form the basis for energy efficient retrofits. Similar approaches have been taken previously for new construction to develop extremely energy efficient homes that are comfortable safe and durable, and often cost less than standard construction. This is best epitomized by the Building America program whose partners have built thousands of residences throughout the U.S. using these principles. The differences between retrofitting and new construction tend to limit the changes one can make to a building, so these packages rely on relatively simple and non-intrusive technologies and techniques. The retrofits also focus on changes to a building that will give many years of service to the occupants. Another key aspect of these best practices is that we need to know how a house is working so that we know what parts have the potential for improvement. To do this we have put together a set of diagnostic tools that combine physical measurements and checklists/questionnaires. The measured test results, observations and homeowner answers to questions are used to direct us towards the best retrofits applicable to each individual house. The retrofits will depend on the current condition of the building envelope and HVAC system, the local climate, the construction methods used for the house, and the presence of various energy saving systems (e.g., a Heat Recovery Ventilator) and/or materials. This is just like a doctor referring a patient for blood tests or x-rays before actually performing surgery. This way the doctor can be sure that he does the right thing. To take this analogy further--we can borrow from the medical profession and say that the first thought when retrofitting a house is to do no harm, i.e., do not make changes that could make the house worse to live in.

Walker, Iain S.

2003-08-11T23:59:59.000Z

133

VARIABLE SPEED INTEGRATED INTELLIGENT HVAC BLOWER  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This comprehensive topical report discusses the key findings in the development of an advanced blower for HVAC applications. The benefits of rearward inclined blades over that of traditional forward inclined blades is well documented, and several prototype wheels are demonstrated in various housings. A comparison of retrofitted blowers to that of three typical units from the industry is presented. The design and modification of the blower housing is addressed and the impact of size limitations on static efficiency is discussed. The roadmap to rearward-inclined wheel technology insertion is presented and typical static efficiency gains are documented.

Herman Wiegman; Charlie Stephens; Xiaoyue Liu; Ralph Carl; Sunny Zhuang; Paul Szczesny; Kamron Wright

2003-09-23T23:59:59.000Z

134

OBSERVE: Occupancy-Based System for Efficient Reduction of HVAC Energy  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

OBSERVE: Occupancy-Based System for Efficient Reduction of HVAC Energy Varick L. Erickson, Miguel Á & control General Terms Algorithms, Machine Learning, Measurement Keywords Occupancy, HVAC, Ventilation for heating, ventilation, and air-conditioning (HVAC) systems[2]. Studies suggest that 15% to 25% of HVAC

Carreira-Perpiñán, Miguel Á.

135

Duty-Cycling Buildings Aggressively: The Next Frontier in HVAC Control  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Duty-Cycling Buildings Aggressively: The Next Frontier in HVAC Control Yuvraj Agarwal, Bharathan the dominant energy consumer is the HVAC system. Despite this fact, in most buildings the HVAC system is run sensing to guide the operation of a building HVAC system. We show how we can enable aggressive duty

Simunic, Tajana

136

Best Practices for Energy Efficient Cleanrooms Efficient HVAC Systems: Variable-Speed-Drive Chillers  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

LBNL-58636 Best Practices for Energy Efficient Cleanrooms Efficient HVAC Systems: Variable Efficient Cleanrooms Efficient HVAC Water Systems: Variable-Speed-Drive Chillers Tengfang Xu Contents HVAC.................................................................................................................................... 6 #12;HVAC Water Systems Variable-Speed-Drive Chillers Summary Cleanroom energy benchmarking data

137

Evaluation of HVAC filters as a sampling mechanism for indoor microbial communities  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Evaluation of HVAC filters as a sampling mechanism for indoor microbial communities Federico Noris Fungi Microbial community HVAC filter Settled dust Air a b s t r a c t HVAC filters are in place of bacterial and fungal concentrations and communities in HVAC filter dust and other sampling locations

Siegel, Jeffrey

138

Index to Evaluate Energy Efficiency of the Building HVAC System  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1An Index to Evaluate Energy Efficiency of the Entire Building HVAC System Presented by Dr. Claridge Date: 09/15/2014 ESL-IC-14-09-15 Proceedings of the 14th International Conference for Enhanced Building Operations, Beijing, China, September 14..., Beijing, China, September 14-17, 2014 3• Why we need the Energy/Load Ratio 1. Building 2. HVAC Systems 3. Common Index • Building sector consumes 40% of total energy usage in US (Residential buildings – 22%, Commercial building – 19%) • HVAC systems...

Wang, L.; Wang, L.; Claridge,D.

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

139

Heat recovery and the economizer for HVAC systems  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This articles examines why a combined heat reclaim/economizer system with priority to heat reclaim operation is most likely to result in the least annual total HVAC energy. PC-based, hour-by-hour simulation programs evaluate annual HVAC energy requirements when using combined operation of heat reclaim and economizer cycle, while giving priority to operation of either one. These simulation programs also enable the design engineer to select the most viable heat reclaim and/or economizer system for any given type of HVAC system serving the building internal load level, building geographical location and other building/system variables.

Anantapantula, V.S. (Emerson Electric Co., St. Louis, MO (United States). Alco Controls Div.); Sauer, H.J. Jr. (Univ. of Missouri, Rolla, MO (United States))

1994-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

140

Search for quark contact interactions and extra spatial dimensions using dijet angular distributions in proton-proton collisions at sqrt(s) = 8 TeV  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A search is presented for quark contact interactions and extra spatial dimensions in proton-proton collisions at sqrt(s) = 8 TeV using dijet angular distributions. The search is based on a data set corresponding to an integrated luminosity of 19.7 inverse femtobarns collected by the CMS detector at the CERN LHC. Dijet angular distributions are found to be in agreement with the perturbative QCD predictions that include electroweak corrections. Limits on the contact interaction scale from a variety of models at next-to-leading order in QCD corrections are obtained. A benchmark model in which only left-handed quarks participate is excluded up to a scale of 9.0 (11.7) TeV for destructive (constructive) interference at 95% confidence level. Lower limits between 6.0 and 8.4 TeV on the scale of virtual graviton exchange are extracted for the Arkani-Hamed--Dimopoulos--Dvali model of extra spatial dimensions.

CMS Collaboration

2014-11-10T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "distributed te hvac" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


141

Unusual HVAC challenges require innovative solutions  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

There were many reasons behind Motorola`s decision to build the first 225,000 sq ft of a planned one million sq ft manufacturing facility in Chihuahua, Mexico. Among these were the availability of skilled labor in the area, lower construction costs, some export tax advantages, and the close proximity to the US border. The new facility is made up of a variety of functional areas that together create an impressively efficient plant. Phase 1 construction included a large manufacturing floor, shipping and receiving areas, a bulk storage facility, and a large office area with a view of the factory floor. The structure also houses a retail store where Motorola consumer products are sold, a conference and banquet center, a commercial kitchen, and dining facilities for 750. The design cooling load is 750 tons; the heating load is 4.5 million Btuh. The paper discusses the challenging location, the HVAC system, and the future expansion planned.

Jardine, G.M.; Gwin, O.D. [Heery International, Inc., Atlanta, GA (United States)

1998-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

142

Thermal model of solar absorption HVAC systems  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This paper presents a thermal model that describes the performance of solar absorption HVAC systems. The model considers the collector array, the building cooling and heating loads, the absorption chiller and the high temperature storage. Heat losses from the storage tank and piping are included in the model. All of the results presented in the paper are for an array of flat plate solar collectors with black chrome (selective surface) absorber plates. The collector efficiency equation is used to calculate the useful heat output from the array. The storage is modeled as a non-stratified tank with polyurethane foam insulation. The system is assumed to operate continuously providing air conditioning during the cooling season, space heating during the winter and hot water throughout the year. The amount of heat required to drive the chiller is determined from the coefficient of performance of the absorption cycle. Results are presented for a typical COP of 0.7. The cooling capacity of the chiller is a function of storage (generator) temperature. The nominal value is 190 F (88 C) and the range of values considered is 180 F (82 C) to 210 F (99 C). Typical building cooling and heating loads are determined as a function of ambient conditions. Performance results are presented for Sacramento, CA and Washington, D.C. The model described in the paper makes use of National Solar Radiation Data Base (NSRDB) data and results are presented for these two locations. The uncertainties in the NSRDB are estimated to be in a range of 6% to 9%. This is a significant improvement over previously available data. The model makes it possible to predict the performance of solar HVAC systems and calculate quantities such as solar fraction, storage temperature, heat losses and parasitic power for every hour of the period for which data are available.

Bergquam, J.B.; Brezner, J.M. [California State Univ., Sacramento, CA (United States). Dept. of Mechanical Engineering; [Bergquam Energy Systems, Sacramento, CA (United States)

1995-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

143

Connexus Energy - Residential Efficient HVAC Rebate Program | Department of  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Connexus Energy - Residential Efficient HVAC Rebate Program Connexus Energy - Residential Efficient HVAC Rebate Program Connexus Energy - Residential Efficient HVAC Rebate Program < Back Eligibility Residential Savings Category Heating & Cooling Commercial Heating & Cooling Cooling Heat Pumps Program Info Expiration Date 12/31/2013 State Minnesota Program Type Utility Rebate Program Rebate Amount Air Source Heat Pumps: $480 - $630 Ductless Heat Pump: $150 Geothermal Heat Pump: $200/ton Provider Connexus Energy Connexus Energy offers rebates for residential customers to improve the energy efficiency of homes. Rebates are available for air source heat pumps, ductless heat pumps and ground-source heat pumps. Equipment must meet all efficiency standards listed on the web site, and must be installed by a certified HVAC contractor. Contact Connexus Energy for other program

144

A Web Based CBR System for HVAC Sales Support  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This paper describes the implementation of a CBR system to support HVAC sales staff operating in remote locations. The ... the world wide web and uses the new standard of XML as a communications protocol between....

Dan Gardingen; Ian Watson

1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

145

HVAC Cabinet Air Leakage Test Method- Building America Top Innovation  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

This 2014 Top Innovation describes Building America research that resulted in the development of an ASHRAE standard and standardized testing method for testing the air leakage of HVAC air handlers and furnace cabinets.

146

A Quasi-Dynamic HVAC and Building Simulation Methodology  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This thesis introduces a quasi-dynamic building simulation methodology which complements existing building simulators by allowing transient models of HVAC (heating, ventilating and air-conditioning) systems to be created in an analogous way...

Davis, Clinton Paul

2012-07-16T23:59:59.000Z

147

Review of Residential Low-Load HVAC Systems  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In support of the U.S. Department of Energy’s (DOE’s) Building America Program, Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL) conducted an investigation to inventory commercially available HVAC technologies that are being installed in low-load homes. The first step in this investigation was to conduct a review of published literature to identify low-load HVAC technologies available in the United States and abroad, and document the findings of existing case studies that have evaluated the performance of the identified technologies. This report presents the findings of the literature review, identifies gaps in the literature or technical understanding that must be addressed before low-load HVAC technologies can be fully evaluated, and introduces PNNL’s planned research and analysis for this project to address identified gaps and potential future work on residential low-load HVAC systems.

Brown, Scott A.; Thornton, Brian; Widder, Sarah H.

2013-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

148

Building HVAC Control System Interaction Issues: Two Case Studies  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Direct Digital Control (DDC) allows HVAC equipment to be controlled at an upper level (supervisory control) through commands from a central system, or at a lower-level (local-loop control) by local controllers. The various levels of equipment...

Chen, Q.; Deng, S.; Toole, C.; Xu, C.

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

149

Columbia Water and Light- Residential HVAC Rebate Program  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Columbia Water and Light (CWL) provides an HVAC incentive for residential customers that are replacing an older heating and cooling system. Customers should submit the mechanical permit from a...

150

Industrial HVAC Air-to-Air Energy Recovery Retrofit Economics  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Retrofitting air-to-air energy recovery equipment is relatively simply to design and easy to install. Additionally, HVAC energy recovery is almost risk free when compared to process retrofit. Life cycle cost analysis is the best way to illustrate...

Graham, E. L.

1980-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

151

EECBG Success Story: HVAC Upgrade Saving Money, Protecting History  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

With financial support from a $250,000 PA Conservation Works! grant – funded through the federal Energy Efficiency and Conservation Block Grant program and the Recovery Act – CCHS purchased a new Desert-Aire HVAC system. Learn more.

152

Software-as-a-Service Optimised Scheduling of a Solar-Assisted HVAC System with Thermal Storage  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Optimised Scheduling of a Solar-Assisted HVAC System withA. Mammoli. Modeling of a solar-assisted HVAC system withOPTIMISED SCHEDULING OF A SOLAR-ASSISTED HVAC SYSTEM WITH

Mammoli, Andrea

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

153

Comfort by Design: An Introduction to HVAC's Variable Refrigerant Flow (VRF) Technology  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Comfort by Design An Introduction to HVAC’s Variable Refrigerant Flow (VRF) Technology Keith Reihl kreihl@hvac.mea.com ESL-KT-14-11-13 CATEE 2014: Clean Air Through Efficiency Conference, Dallas, Texas Nov. 18-20 HVAC Market Overview 0% 27% 9% 5% 4... Through Efficiency Conference, Dallas, Texas Nov. 18-20 How LOUD is a traditional HVAC unit? 33 dB(A) Library 50 dB(A) Refrigerator 60 dB(A) Conversation 78 dB(A) Vacuum 25 dB(A) Recording Studio 65-75 dB(A) Residential 3-ton HVAC Unit How Q IET are VRF...

Reihl,K.

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

154

Residential HVAC Data, Assumptions and Methodology for End-Use Forecasting with EPRI-REEPS 2.1  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Imports/Exports Gas Availability Change efficiency choice equation Add technologiestoHVAC model Adjust cost-efficiency parameter Develop HVAC Conversion

Johnson, F.X.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

155

Section 38 - HVAC (Heating, Ventilation, Air Conditioning)  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The term HVAC is an acronym for Heating, Ventilation (and) Air Conditioning, the industry term for any of various efforts to control conditions in a building or other enclosed area to improve comfort and efficiency. A closely related section is Refrigeration, which follows this one. Some contemporary HVAC techniques have ancient roots. Early forms of central heating and solar home heating were in use in Rome in the first century A.D. The earliest use of glass in windows (as opposed to a covering of wood, cloth, or hide, or simply an opening) is also attributed to the Romans at this same time. The first known use of solar-oriented building design in North America dates back to about the year 1050; i.e., the cliff dwellings built by the Anasazi (Ancient Pueblo) people of the Colorado Plateau area. Geothermal district heating was employed as early as the 1300s, in the Auvergne region of southern France. The foundation for modern central heating was established in the 1700s, first in England and then in France. The 1800s saw significant advances in the use of water heaters, especially the first automatic storage water heater (Edwin Ruud, 1889) and the first commercial solar water heater (Clarence Kemp, 1891). In comparison with heating, cooling technology was late in developing. The first successful method of producing ice occurred in 1851, and it was not until 1902 that Willis Haviland Carrier designed the first industrial air-conditioning system. His Carrier Air Conditioning Corporation would go on to develop air-conditioning systems for stores and theaters (1924) and for residential buildings (1928). Carrier remains the global leader in air conditioner production. The first air-conditioned automobile was produced by Packard in 1939. Recent entries in this section emphasize the use of alternative energy sources in heating and cooling, such as solar, photovoltaic, geothermal, and fuel cells. These advances include the ground-source heat pump, the Trombe wall, the heat pipe, and the PV/thermal hybrid system.

Cutler J. Cleveland; Christopher Morris

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

156

HVAC, Water Heater and Appliance R&D - 2014 BTO Peer Review ...  

Energy Savers [EERE]

HVAC, Water Heater and Appliance R&D - 2014 BTO Peer Review HVAC, Water Heater and Appliance R&D - 2014 BTO Peer Review Presenter: Tony Bouza, U.S. Department of Energy This...

157

Building America Whole-House Solutions for New Homes: HVAC Design...  

Energy Savers [EERE]

HVAC Design Strategy for a Hot-Humid Production Builder Building America Whole-House Solutions for New Homes: HVAC Design Strategy for a Hot-Humid Production Builder In this...

158

CoolCab Thermal Load Reduction Project: CoolCalc HVAC Tool Development...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Thermal Load Reduction Project: CoolCalc HVAC Tool Development CoolCab Thermal Load Reduction Project: CoolCalc HVAC Tool Development 2010 DOE Vehicle Technologies and Hydrogen...

159

Direct Digital Control- A Tool for Energy Management of HVAC Systems  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Direct digital control (DDC) applied to heating, ventilating, and air-conditioning (HVAC) systems corrects many of the deficiencies of conventional automatic temperature control systems. By applying new control sequences, DDC optimizes HVAC energy...

Swanson, K.

160

TITLE: HVAC TESTING & BALANCING FOR MAJOR AND MINOR PROJECTS OBJECTIVE AND  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

TITLE: HVAC TESTING & BALANCING FOR MAJOR AND MINOR PROJECTS OBJECTIVE AND PURPOSE: To provide an independent test & balance for the adjustment of all HVAC systems in all major projects and minor projects

Fernandez, Eduardo

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "distributed te hvac" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


161

Uncertainties in Achieving Energy Savings from HVAC Maintenance Measures in the Field  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Uncertainties in Achieving Energy Savings from HVAC Maintenance Measures in the Field Kristin utilities across the nation to include HVAC maintenance measures in energy efficiency programs Maintenance measures have a significant potential for energy savings in residential and commercial unitary

California at Davis, University of

162

Building energy modeling programs comparison Research on HVAC systems  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

energy modeling programs comparison Research on HVAC systems energy modeling programs comparison Research on HVAC systems simulation part Title Building energy modeling programs comparison Research on HVAC systems simulation part Publication Type Journal Year of Publication 2013 Authors Zhou, Xin, Da Yan, Tianzhen Hong, and Dandan Zhu Keywords Building energy modeling programs, comparison tests, HVAC system simulation, theory analysis Abstract Building energy simulation programs are effective tools for the evaluation of building energy saving and optimization of design. The fact that large discrepancies exist in simulated results when different BEMPs are used to model the same building has caused wide concern. Urgent research is needed to identify the main elements that contribute towards the simulation results. This technical report summarizes methodologies, processes, and the main assumptions of three building energy modeling programs (BEMPs) for HVAC calculations: EnergyPlus, DeST, and DOE-2.1E, and test cases are designed to analyze the calculation process in detail. This will help users to get a better understanding of BEMPs and the research methodology of building simulation. This will also help build a foundation for building energy code development and energy labeling programs.

163

Issue #3: HVAC Proper Installation Energy Savings: Over-Promising or Under-Delivering?  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)

What energy savings are realistically achievable by following quality installation standards for installation, operation, and maintenance of residential HVAC?

164

Rapidity distributions in exclusive Z + jet and photon + jet events in pp collisions at sqrt(s) = 7 TeV  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Rapidity distributions are presented for events containing either a Z boson or a photon with a single jet in proton-proton collisions produced at the CERN LHC. The data, collected with the CMS detector at \\sqrt{s} = 7 TeV, correspond to an integrated luminosity of 5.0 inverse femtobarns. The individual rapidity distributions of the boson and the jet are consistent within 5% with expectations from perturbative QCD. However, QCD predictions for the sum and the difference in rapidities of the two final-state objects show discrepancies with CMS data. In particular, next-to-leading-order QCD calculations, and two common Monte Carlo event generators using different methods to match matrix-element partons with parton showers, appear inconsistent with the data as well as with each other.

Chatrchyan, Serguei; et al.,

2013-12-23T23:59:59.000Z

165

Centrality dependence of the pseudorapidity density distribution for charged particles in Pb-Pb collisions at $\\sqrt{s_{\\rm NN}}$ = 2.76 TeV  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We present the first wide-range measurement of the charged-particle pseudorapidity density distribution, for different centralities (the 0-5%, 5-10%, 10-20%, and 20-30% most central events) in Pb-Pb collisions at $\\sqrt{s_{\\rm NN}} = 2.76$ TeV at the LHC. The measurement is performed using the full coverage of the ALICE detectors, $-5.0 assumptions. The rapidity density distribution is found to be significantly wider than the predictions of the Landau model. We assess the validity of longitudinal scaling by comparing to lower energy results from RHIC. Finally the mechanisms of the underlying particle production are discussed based on a comparison with various theoretical models.

ALICE Collaboration

2015-01-22T23:59:59.000Z

166

Sentinel: Occupancy Based HVAC Actuation using Existing WiFi Infrastructure within Commercial Buildings  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Sentinel: Occupancy Based HVAC Actuation using Existing WiFi Infrastructure within Commercial.agarwal@cs.cmu.edu ABSTRACT Commercial buildings contribute to 19% of the primary energy consumption in the US, with HVAC systems accounting for 39.6% of this usage. To reduce HVAC energy use, prior studies have pro- posed using

Gupta, Rajesh

167

Automated Testing of HVAC Systems for Commissioning Tim Salsbury and Rick Diamond  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Automated Testing of HVAC Systems for Commissioning Tim Salsbury and Rick Diamond Lawrence Berkeley of the commissioning of HVAC systems. The approach is based on software that generates a sequence of test signals for new and retrofit projects. Introduction The performance of many HVAC systems is limited more by poor

Diamond, Richard

168

Co-simulation for performance prediction of integrated building and HVAC systems -An analysis of solution  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Co-simulation for performance prediction of integrated building and HVAC systems - An analysis performance simulation of buildings and heating, ventilation and air- conditioning (HVAC) systems can help, heating, ventilation and air-conditioning (HVAC) systems are responsible for 10%-60% of the total building

169

Randomized Model Predictive Control for HVAC Systems Alessandra Parisio, Damiano Varagnolo, Daniel Risberg,  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Randomized Model Predictive Control for HVAC Systems Alessandra Parisio, Damiano Varagnolo, Daniel Conditioning (HVAC) sys- tems play a fundamental role in maintaining acceptable ther- mal comfort and Indoor. A possible solu- tion is to develop effective control strategies for HVAC sys- tems, but this is complicated

Johansson, Karl Henrik

170

Theoretical Estimates of HVAC Duct Channel Capacity for High-Speed Internet Access  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Theoretical Estimates of HVAC Duct Channel Capacity for High-Speed Internet Access Ariton E. Xhafa-conditioning (HVAC) ducts based on multi-carrier transmission that uses M-QAM mod- ulation and measured channel- flections in HVAC ducts). Our work also shows that data rates in excess of 300 Mbps are possible over

Stancil, Daniel D.

171

Modeling Building Thermal Response to HVAC Virginia Smith, Tamim Sookoor, and Kamin Whitehouse  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Modeling Building Thermal Response to HVAC Zoning Virginia Smith, Tamim Sookoor, and Kamin,sookoor,whitehouse}@virginia.edu Abstract. HVAC systems account for 38% of building energy usage. Studies have indicated at least 5 HVAC systems to enable room-level zoning where each room is conditioned in- dividually based on its

Whitehouse, Kamin

172

Multi-carrier Signal Transmission through HVAC Ducts: Experimental Results for Channel Capacity  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Multi-carrier Signal Transmission through HVAC Ducts: Experimental Results for Channel Capacity, for the first time, experimental results on channel capacity of heating, ventilation, and air-conditioning (HVAC through a building HVAC duct system demonstrate the ability to transmit with a spectral efficiency of 3

Stancil, Daniel D.

173

Seamless Handover in Buildings Using HVAC Ducts: A New System Architecture  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Seamless Handover in Buildings Using HVAC Ducts: A New System Architecture Ariton E. Xhafa, Paisarn-- In this paper, we present an innovative solution to the handover problem in multi-story buildings using HVAC of the indoor wireless networks that use the heating, ventilation, and air conditioning (HVAC) ducts

Stancil, Daniel D.

174

Comparison of HVAC filter test methods for particle removal efficiency Brent Stephens1,*  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Comparison of HVAC filter test methods for particle removal efficiency Brent Stephens1,* , Jeffrey Introduction The use of HVAC filters in buildings is one strategy to reduce occupant exposure to particulate matter. However, HVAC filters are typically tested only in laboratory settings and little is known about

Siegel, Jeffrey

175

BLACK-BOX MODELLING OF HVAC SYSTEM: IMPROVING THE PERFORMANCES OF NEURAL NETWORKS  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

BLACK-BOX MODELLING OF HVAC SYSTEM: IMPROVING THE PERFORMANCES OF NEURAL NETWORKS Eric FOCK Ile de La Réunion - FRANCE ABSTRACT This paper deals with neural networks modelling of HVAC systems of HVAC system can be modelled using manufacturer design data presented as derived performance maps

Boyer, Edmond

176

Conventional Facilities Chapter 6: HVAC Systems 6-1 NSLS-II Preliminary Design Report  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Conventional Facilities Chapter 6: HVAC Systems 6-1 NSLS-II Preliminary Design Report 6 MECHANICAL ­ HVAC SYSTEMS 6.1 Design Criteria 6.1.1 Codes and Standards The latest edition of the codes, standards have adequate capacity and head, no chilled water pumps #12;Conventional Facilities Chapter 6: HVAC

Ohta, Shigemi

177

RF propagation in an HVAC duct system: impulse response characteristics of the channel  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

RF propagation in an HVAC duct system: impulse response characteristics of the channel Pavel V, the heating, ventilation, and air conditioning (HVAC) duct system in buildings is a complex network of hollow at RF and microwave frequencies of com- mon interest. HVAC ducts can be used as a wireless communication

Stancil, Daniel D.

178

VOLUME 16, NUMBER 3 HVAC&R RESEARCH MAY 2010 The Effects of Filtration on  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

VOLUME 16, NUMBER 3 HVAC&R RESEARCH MAY 2010 273 The Effects of Filtration on Pressure Drop and Energy Consumption in Residential HVAC Systems (RP-1299) Brent Stephens Atila Novoselac, PhD Jeffrey A of high-efficiency HVAC filters is a common strategy to control exposure to airborne particulate matter

Siegel, Jeffrey

179

EVALUATION OF EMERGING DIAGNOSTIC TOOLS FOR COMMERCIAL HVAC SYSTEMS Hannah Friedman Mary Ann Piette  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

EVALUATION OF EMERGING DIAGNOSTIC TOOLS FOR COMMERCIAL HVAC SYSTEMS Hannah Friedman Mary Ann Piette for commercial HVAC systems. We present a brief description of the diagnostic tools, and then focus on evaluating, ventilating, and air-conditioning (HVAC) systems (Gregerson, 1997, Claridge et al., 2000). If these energy

180

Fuzzy Rule Reduction and Tuning of Fuzzy Logic Controllers for a HVAC System  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Fuzzy Rule Reduction and Tuning of Fuzzy Logic Controllers for a HVAC System R. Alcal´a, J. Alcal, Ventilating and Air Conditioning (HVAC) Systems are equip- ments usually implemented for maintaining satisfactory comfort conditions in build- ings. The design of Fuzzy Logic Controllers (FLCs) for HVAC Systems

Granada, Universidad de

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "distributed te hvac" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


181

RoomZoner: Occupancy-based Room-Level Zoning of a Centralized HVAC System  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

RoomZoner: Occupancy-based Room-Level Zoning of a Centralized HVAC System Tamim Sookoor & Kamin. In this paper we present a CPS that enables a centralized Heating, Ventila- tion, and Air Conditioning (HVAC application due to residential HVAC systems ac- counting for over 15% of all U.S. energy usage, making it one

Whitehouse, Kamin

182

Tile of the document: HVAC system component-based modeling and implementation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 Abstract Tile of the document: HVAC system component-based modeling and implementation Karam the foundation for modeling components that are used in HVAC systems (heating, ventilation, and air conditioning such functionalities. #12;2 HVAC system component-based modeling and implementation By Karam H. Rajab Scholarly

Austin, Mark

183

Comparison of dust from HVAC filters, indoor surfaces, and indoor air Federico Noris*  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Comparison of dust from HVAC filters, indoor surfaces, and indoor air Federico Noris* , Kerry A and Environmental Engineering * Corresponding email: Fedenoris@mail.utexas.edu SUMMARY HVAC filters are long heavy metal (Pb, Cd and As) concentrations. HVAC filter microbial concentrations appear to be consistent

Siegel, Jeffrey

184

A CONTROLLER FOR HVAC SYSTEMS WITH FAULT DETECTION CAPABILITIES BASED ON SIMULATION MODELS  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 A CONTROLLER FOR HVAC SYSTEMS WITH FAULT DETECTION CAPABILITIES BASED ON SIMULATION MODELS T. I describes a control scheme with fault detection capabilities suitable for application to HVAC systems as a reference of correct operation. Faults that occur in the HVAC system under control cause the PI

185

Commissioning and Performance Diagnostics for HVAC Control Systems  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Commissioning and Performance Diagnostics for HVAC Control Systems Commissioning and Performance Diagnostics for HVAC Control Systems Speaker(s): Ashish Singhal Date: December 20, 2006 - 12:00pm Location: 90-3122 Seminar Host/Point of Contact: Philip Haves The presentation will focus on practical aspects of commissioning control loops in commercial HVAC systems and evaluating their routine performance. Simple and theoretically sound methods for diagnosing control performance will be presented that detect serious performance issues associated with control loops in modern buildings. The discussion will center on a new control loop commissioning tool that helps field personnel to quickly test, tune and troubleshoot control loops. In addition to the active tests for commissioning control loops, a suite of diagnostic algorithms are used in a

186

Optimized HVAC Management Service to Enhance Demand Response  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Optimized HVAC Management Service to Enhance Demand Response Optimized HVAC Management Service to Enhance Demand Response Speaker(s): John Steinberg Date: August 18, 2011 - 12:00pm Location: 90-4133 Seminar Host/Point of Contact: Janie Page Many utilities are investing vast sums deploying smart meters to customers, some of whom remain stubbornly opposed to those deployments, in large part because they remain unmoved by the claimed benefits. EcoFactor has developed a thermostat management service that delivers (and quantifies) significant energy savings for consumers and a number of additional benefits to other players in the energy value chain. It does so without relying on consumers to modify behavior, study energy information displays, or even pay attention to their energy use. EcoFactor also significantly boosts DR yield while it increases occupant comfort. It can identify HVAC

187

Energy-Efficient Building HVAC Control Using Hybrid System LBMPC  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Improving the energy-efficiency of heating, ventilation, and air-conditioning (HVAC) systems has the potential to realize large economic and societal benefits. This paper concerns the system identification of a hybrid system model of a building-wide HVAC system and its subsequent control using a hybrid system formulation of learning-based model predictive control (LBMPC). Here, the learning refers to model updates to the hybrid system model that incorporate the heating effects due to occupancy, solar effects, outside air temperature (OAT), and equipment, in addition to integrator dynamics inherently present in low-level control. Though we make significant modeling simplifications, our corresponding controller that uses this model is able to experimentally achieve a large reduction in energy usage without any degradations in occupant comfort. It is in this way that we justify the modeling simplifications that we have made. We conclude by presenting results from experiments on our building HVAC testbed, which s...

Aswani, Anil; Taneja, Jay; Krioukov, Andrew; Culler, David; Tomlin, Claire

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

188

Ameren Illinois (Electric) - Custom, HVAC, and Motor Business Efficiency  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Ameren Illinois (Electric) - Custom, HVAC, and Motor Business Ameren Illinois (Electric) - Custom, HVAC, and Motor Business Efficiency Incentives Ameren Illinois (Electric) - Custom, HVAC, and Motor Business Efficiency Incentives < Back Eligibility Commercial Industrial Multi-Family Residential Nonprofit Savings Category Other Heating & Cooling Commercial Heating & Cooling Cooling Home Weatherization Construction Commercial Weatherization Design & Remodeling Manufacturing Sealing Your Home Ventilation Heat Pumps Heating Appliances & Electronics Commercial Lighting Lighting Water Heating Maximum Rebate $600,000/year/facility. Incentives $1-$200,000: paid at 100% Incentives $200,000-$600,000: paid at 50% Custom: 50% of incremental cost Retro-Commissioning: $200,000/year/facility; $100,000/project Leak Survey: $10,000

189

Survival of bioaerosols in HVAC system photocatalytic filters  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract The survival of an experimental bioaerosol in photocatalytic and non-photocatalytic filters was investigated under UV-A or UV-C radiation exposure. To ensure the generation of reproducible bioaerosols in real operating conditions of Heating, Ventilation and Air Conditioning (HVAC) systems and their homogeneous coating on filters, a reactor with an optimal geometry was developed. The bacterial aerosol was generated from standardised bacterial suspensions and the Gram-negative bacterial model Escherichia coli was used as the experimental organism. The bioaerosol was characterised in terms of particle size distribution, reproducibility and stability over time. The coating of aerosolised cells on the filters was then studied. The total number of aerosolised E. coli cells was different from the amount of cultivable bacterial cells extracted from filters, probably resulting from the stress of the aerosolisation process. Damages to the outer membrane of E. coli cells were clearly observed through SEM and epifluorescent microscopy analysis. The influence of important physical parameters in the reactor-aerosolisation duration, frontal velocity and relative humidity- on the amount of aerosolised cells coated on filters were also investigated. Finally, the effects of UV-A or UV-C radiation were assessed on aerosolised microorganisms coated on HEPA photocatalytic filters and on photocatalytic or non-photocatalytic filters containing activated charcoal. The HEPA photocatalytic filters demonstrated a better disinfection efficiency with full damages of the aerosolised bacterial cells, probably resulting from an optimal contact between TiO2 coating and the microorganisms. In contrast, the use of filters with activated charcoal resulted in the apparition of an inactivation threshold that could be attributed to the penetration of aerosolised cells within the activated charcoal layer and the absence of contact with the photocatalyst. However, UV-C photocatalysis was able to inactivate faster and, at the same time, mineralise biological pollutants than UV-A.

S. Pigeot-Remy; J.C. Lazzaroni; F. Simonet; P. Petinga; C. Vallet; P. Petit; P.J. Vialle; C. Guillard

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

190

Software-as-a-Service Optimised Scheduling of a Solar-Assisted HVAC System  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Software-as-a-Service Optimised Scheduling of a Solar-Assisted HVAC System Software-as-a-Service Optimised Scheduling of a Solar-Assisted HVAC System with Thermal Storage Title Software-as-a-Service Optimised Scheduling of a Solar-Assisted HVAC System with Thermal Storage Publication Type Conference Proceedings Refereed Designation Refereed LBNL Report Number LBNL-6127E Year of Publication 2013 Authors Mammoli, Andrea, Michael Stadler, Nicholas DeForest, Hans Barsun, Richard Burnett, and Chris Marnay Conference Name 3rd International Conference on Microgeneration and Related Technologies Date Published 04/2013 Conference Location Naples, Italy Keywords absorption cooling, mixed integer programming, optimisation, software-as-a-service, thermal storage Abstract The UNM Mechanical Engineering HVAC system incorporates cooling assisted by a 232 m2 solar thermal array providing heat to a 70 kWthermal absorption chiller. A 30 m3 heat storage tank solar decouples heat production and absorption cooling. Additionally, 350 m3 of chilled water storage shifts the cooling electrical load of this high desert location off-peak. While this system already provides substantial energy and cost savings compared to similar conventional buildings, there are still opportunities for improvement. Absorption cooling (augmented by an electrically powered central cooling loop) suffers from parasitic electric loads from a cooling tower pump, a cooling tower fan, and hot and chilled water circulation pumps. Moreover, depending on seasonal, weather, occupancy, and cost conditions, the cold storage tanks may only need partial charging to meet the next day's net building load, and losses need to be considered. Optimally operating this complex thermal-electrical system poses a challenging mathematical problem. A model of the system was built on LBNL's Distributed Resources Customer Adoption Model (DER-CAM) platform. A direct interface between the building energy control system, and DER-CAM hosted on LBNL's server was developed. This interface delivers daily scheduling based on weather forecasts, tariffs, etc., to the building controller. It is found that energy cost savings can be proportionally substantial (almost 30%) - although in this case the payback period for system implementation is long, due to the very low energy consumption of the building. Also, it is found that accurate weather forecasting is a key ingredient of the optimization, although local biases can be corrected for in the optimization.

191

Transverse Momentum Distribution and Nuclear Modification Factor of Charged Particles in p+Pb Collisions at sNN=5.02??TeV  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The transverse momentum (pT) distribution of primary charged particles is measured in minimum bias (non-single-diffractive) p+Pb collisions at sNN=5.02??TeV with the ALICE detector at the LHC. The pT spectra measured near central rapidity in the range 0.5

B. Abelev et al. (ALICE Collaboration)

2013-02-21T23:59:59.000Z

192

Optimizing HVAC Control to Improve Building Comfort and Energy Performance  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This paper demonstrates the benefits of optimal control in well-designed and operated buildings using a case study. The case study building was built in 2001. The HVAC and control systems have been installed with state-of-the-art equipment which...

Song, L.; Joo, I.; Dong, D.; Liu, M.; Wang, J.; Hansen, K.; Quiroz, L.; Swiatek, A.

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

193

Air filtration: Choosing the right filter class for HVAC systems  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

As anyone who works with air filtration knows, getting the best from a system is about more than choosing efficient media and correct installation. Thomas Carlson of Vokes Air explains the importance of using and selecting the right filter class for a typical HVAC system.

Thomas Carlson

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

194

Performance Validation and Energy Analysis of HVAC Systems using Simulation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

that energy savings of between 15% and 40% could be made in commercial buildings by closer monitoring and supervision of energy-usage and related data. An earlier study by Kao and Pierce (1983) showed that sensor1 Performance Validation and Energy Analysis of HVAC Systems using Simulation Tim Salsbury and Rick

Diamond, Richard

195

CHARACTERIZATION OF AIRFLOWS NEAR THE EXIT OF HVAC REGISTERS USING LASER DOPPLER VELOCIMETRY (LDV).  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A facility to characterize the airflow at the exit of HVAC registers was designed and fabricated. The objective of this work is to obtain velocity and turbulence data at the exit of registers, which can then be used as an input boundary condition in a modern Computational Fluid Dynamics (CFD) code to predict the velocity and temperature distribution in an enclosure, and also the register performance parameters such as throw. During the course of this work, two commonly used registers were tested. Both registers were 8 inch x 4 inch sidewall registers. Laser Doppler Velocimetry was used to measure the axial and vertical components of the velocity vector at various locations across the face of the registers. For the two cases of registers studied here, the results suggest that the velocity field at the very exit of each of these registers scales with the flow rate through the registers. This means that, in the mode of operation in which the supply fan (of an HVAC system) has a ''High'' and ''Low'' setting, similar velocity scaling would result for the type of registers tested here.

TUTU,N.K.; KRISHNA,C.R.; ANDREWS,J.W.; BUTCHER,T.A.

2003-03-13T23:59:59.000Z

196

Ventilation, temperature, and HVAC characteristics in small and medium  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Ventilation, temperature, and HVAC characteristics in small and medium Ventilation, temperature, and HVAC characteristics in small and medium commercial buildings in California Title Ventilation, temperature, and HVAC characteristics in small and medium commercial buildings in California Publication Type Journal Article Refereed Designation Refereed Year of Publication 2012 Authors Bennett, Deborah H., William J. Fisk, Michael G. Apte, X. Wu, Amber L. Trout, David Faulkner, and Douglas P. Sullivan Journal Indoor Air Volume 22 Issue 4 Pagination 309-20 Abstract This field study of 37 small and medium commercial buildings throughout California obtained information on ventilation rate, temperature, and heating, ventilating, and air-conditioning (HVAC) system characteristics. The study included seven retail establishments; five restaurants; eight offices; two each of gas stations, hair salons, healthcare facilities, grocery stores, dental offices, and fitness centers; and five other buildings. Fourteen (38%) of the buildings either could not or did not provide outdoor air through the HVAC system. The air exchange rate averaged 1.6 (s.d. = 1.7) exchanges per hour and was similar between buildings with and without outdoor air supplied through the HVAC system, indicating that some buildings have significant leakage or ventilation through open windows and doors. Not all buildings had sufficient air exchange to meet ASHRAE 62.1 Standards, including buildings used for fitness centers, hair salons, offices, and retail establishments. The majority of the time, buildings were within the ASHRAE temperature comfort range. Offices were frequently overcooled in the summer. All of the buildings had filters, but over half the buildings had a filter with a minimum efficiency reporting value rating of 4 or lower, which are not very effective for removing fine particles. PRACTICAL IMPLICATIONS: Most U.S. commercial buildings (96%) are small- to medium-sized, using nearly 18% of the country's energy, and sheltering a large population daily. Little is known about the ventilation systems in these buildings. This study found a wide variety of ventilation conditions, with many buildings failing to meet relevant ventilation standards. Regulators may want to consider implementing more complete building inspections at commissioning and point of sale.

197

Assessment of organic compound exposures, thermal comfort parameters, and HVAC system-driven air exchange rates in public school portable classrooms in California  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

no no, y e s - only HVAC filters: sizes, when changed 68%n=2) (n=19) 100% no 95% no Current HVAC air filter was notoriginal When HVAC air filter was last changed (reported as

Shendell, Derek Garth

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

198

Two Alabama Elementary Schools Get Cool with New HVAC Units | Department of  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Alabama Elementary Schools Get Cool with New HVAC Units Alabama Elementary Schools Get Cool with New HVAC Units Two Alabama Elementary Schools Get Cool with New HVAC Units October 1, 2010 - 2:05pm Addthis Winston County School District will receive 14 new HVAC units with State Energy Program funding. | File photo Winston County School District will receive 14 new HVAC units with State Energy Program funding. | File photo Lindsay Gsell What are the key facts? Two public elementary schools receive 14 new HVAC units for classrooms. School district estimates nearly 10 percent in electrical savings with new units. Nineteen Alabama public school districts using Recovery Act grants to save energy and money. Addison Elementary School and Double Springs Elementary School in northwestern Alabama were warm. Some classrooms just didn't cool fast enough. The buildings, which were

199

HVAC Radial Air Bearing Heat Exchangers Research Project | Department of  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Radial Air Bearing Heat Exchangers Radial Air Bearing Heat Exchangers Research Project HVAC Radial Air Bearing Heat Exchangers Research Project The U.S. Department of Energy is currently conducting research into heating, ventilation, and air conditioning (HVAC) radial air bearing heat exchangers. Rotary air bearing heat exchanger technology simultaneously solves four long standing problems of conventional "fan-plus-finned-heat-sink" heat exchangers. Project Description This project seeks to design, fabricate, and test successive generations of prototype radial air bearing heat exchanger devices based on lessons learned and further insights into device optimization, computational fluid dynamic studies for parametric optimization and determination of scaling laws, and laboratory measurement of flow field and heat transfer

200

Free-cooling: A total HVAC design concept  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This paper discusses a total ''free cooling'' HVAC design concept in which mechanical refrigeration is practically obviated via the refined application of existing technological strategies and a new diffuser terminal. The principles being applied are as follows; Thermal Swing: This is the active contribution of programmed heat storage to overall HVAC system performance. Reverse Diffuser: This is a new air terminal design that facilitates manifesting the thermal storage gains. Developing the thermal storage equation system into a generalized simulation model, optimizing the thermal storage and operating strategies with a computer program and developing related algorithms are subsequently illustrated. Luminair Aspiration: This feature provides for exhausting all luminair heat totally out of the building envelope, via an exhaust duct system and insulated boots. Two/Three-Stage Evaporative Cooling: This concept comprises a system of air conditioning that entails a combination of closed and open loop evaporative cooling with standby refrigeration only.

Janeke, C.E.

1982-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "distributed te hvac" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


201

Quantitative Methods for Comparing Different HVAC Control Schemes  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Experimentally comparing the energy usage and comfort characteristics of different controllers in heating, ventilation, and air-conditioning (HVAC) systems is difficult because variations in weather and occupancy conditions preclude the possibility of establishing equivalent experimental conditions across the order of hours, days, and weeks. This paper is concerned with defining quantitative metrics of energy usage and occupant comfort, which can be computed and compared in a rigorous manner that is capable of determining whether differences between controllers are statistically significant in the presence of such environmental fluctuations. Experimental case studies are presented that compare two alternative controllers (a schedule controller and a hybrid system learning-based model predictive controller) to the default controller in a building-wide HVAC system. Lastly, we discuss how our proposed methodology may also be able to quantify the efficiency of other building automation systems.

Aswani, Anil; Taneja, Jay; Krioukov, Andrew; Culler, David; Tomlin, Claire

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

202

Plutonium Finishing Plant (PFP) HVAC System Component Index  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This document lists safety class (SC) and safety significant (SS) components for the Heating Ventilation Air Conditioning (HVAC) and specifies the critical characteristics for Commercial Grade Items (CGI), as required by HNF-PRO-268 and HNF-PRO-18 19. These are the minimum specifications that the equipment must meet in order to properly perform its safety function. There may be several manufacturers or models that meet the critical characteristics for any one item. The Plutonium Finishing Plant (PFP) HVAC System includes sub-systems 25A through 25K. Specific system boundaries and justifications are contained in HNF-SD-CP-SDD-005, ''Definition and Means of Maintaining the Ventilation System Confinement Portion of the PFP Safety Envelope.'' The procurement requirements associated with the system necessitates procurement of some system equipment as Commercial Grade Items in accordance with HNF-PRO-268, ''Control of Purchased Items and Services.''

DIAZ, E.N.

2000-03-30T23:59:59.000Z

203

An Application of State-Of-The-Art HVAC and Building Systems  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

AN APPLICATION OF STATE-OF-THE-ART HVAC AND BUILDING SYSTEMS DONALD P. FIORINO, M.S., P.E. Energy Conservation Manager Texas Instruments, Inc. Defense Systems and Electronics Group Dallas, Texas ABSTRACT This case study describes... the successful application of state-of-the-art HVAC and building systems at a large commercial office and industrial facility. The facility's exterior envelope systems, HVAC systems, lighting systems, energy conservation systems, exhaust/heat recovery...

Fiorino, D. P.

204

Total Quality Commissioning for HVAC Systems to Assure High Performance Throughout the Whole Life Cycle  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

TOTAL QUALITY COMMISSIONING FOR HVAC SYSTEMS TO ASSURE HIGH PERFORMANCE THROUGHOUT THE WHOLE LIFE CYCLE By: Grahame E. Maisey, P.E., and Beverly Milestone, LEED AP Building Services Consultants INTRODUCTION Current HVAC systems... are not coming close to approaching life cycle performance expectations for energy, operation and maintenance, occupant comfort and productivity and longevity. HVAC systems in buildings claiming to be sustainable, with integrated, energy conscious design...

Maisey, G.; Milestone, B.

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

205

Outdoor airflow into HVAC systems: An evaluation of measurement  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Outdoor airflow into HVAC systems: An evaluation of measurement Outdoor airflow into HVAC systems: An evaluation of measurement technologies Title Outdoor airflow into HVAC systems: An evaluation of measurement technologies Publication Type Report LBNL Report Number LBNL-53834 Year of Publication 2003 Authors Fisk, William J., David Faulkner, Douglas P. Sullivan, and William W. Delp Abstract During the last few years, new technologies have been introduced for measuring the flow rates of outdoor air (OA) into HVAC systems; however, an evaluation of these measurement technologies has not previously been published. This document describes a test system and protocols developed for controlled evaluation of these measurement technologies. The results of tests of three measurement technologies are also summarized. The test system and protocol were judged practical and very useful. The test results indicate that one measurement technology can measure OA flow rates with errors of 20% or less without a field-based calibration, as long as the OA velocities are sufficient to provide an accurately measurable pressure signal. The test results for a second measurement technology are similar; however, a difficult field-based calibration relating the OA flow rate with the pressure signal would be required to reduce errors below approximately 30%. The errors in OA flow rates measured with the third measurement technology, that uses six electronic airspeed sensors downstream of the OA inlet louver, exceeded 100%; however, these errors could be substantially reduced through a difficult field based calibration. The effects of wind on the accuracy of these measurement technologies still needs to be evaluated

206

Measuring rates of outdoor airflow into HVAC systems  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

During the last few years, new technologies have been introduced for measuring the flow rates of outside air into HVAC systems. This document describes one particular technology for measuring these airflows, a system and a related protocol developed to evaluate this and similar measurement technologies under conditions without wind, and the results of our evaluations. We conclude that the measurement technology evaluated can provide a reasonably accurate measurement of OA flow rate over a broad range of flow, without significantly increasing airflow resistance.

Fisk, William J.; Faulkner, David; Sullivan, Douglas P.; Delp, Woody

2002-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

207

DOE Zero Energy Ready Home Low Load High Efficiency HVAC Webinar (Text Version)  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Below is the text version of the DOE Zero Energy Ready Home webinar, Low Load High Efficiency HVAC, presented in May 2014.

208

Characterization of the HVAC performance with defroster grillers and instrument panel registers  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Improving HVAC performance is of paramount importance to sustain ... was between 15 to 25 degrees with a standard distance ratio of one. During the cooling...

M. F. Kader; Y. M. Youn; Y. D. Jun…

2009-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

209

E-Print Network 3.0 - air conditioning hvac Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

systems play an important role in providing comfort in residential, commercial... of Heating, Refrigerating, and Air-Conditioning Engineers. Batterman S. and Burge H. 1995. "HVAC...

210

Numerical Investigation of Flow Induced Noise in a Simplified HVAC Duct with OpenFOAM.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

?? Due to the growing demand for comfort, the noise generated by HVAC components should be considered by the designers. Flow induced noise is one… (more)

Wang, Cong

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

211

REDESIGN OF HVAC SYSTEM TO IMPROVE ENERGY EFFICIENCY OF EDUCATIONAL BUILDING.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??An energy modeling software was used to analyze the current building configuration and simulations were performed in an attempt to redesign the current HVAC system… (more)

Hagene, Brian Matthew

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

212

Energy Consumption Analyses of Frequently-used HVAC System Types in High Performance Office Buildings.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??The high energy consumption of heating, ventilation and air-conditioning (HVAC) systems in commercial buildings is a hot topic. Office buildings, a typical building set of… (more)

Yan, Liusheng

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

213

Software-as-a-Service Optimised Scheduling of a Solar-Assisted HVAC System with Thermal Storage  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

solar energy available would result in overcharging of the hot storage.of a solar-assisted HVAC system with thermal storage. Energystorage and solar- assisted HVAC for the purpose of optimizing its energy

Mammoli, Andrea

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

214

Software-as-a-Service Optimised Scheduling of a Solar-Assisted HVAC System with Thermal Storage  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of a solar-thermal- assisted hvac system. Energy andsolar thermal collectors using flat reflective surfaces. Solar Energy,of a solar-assisted HVAC system with thermal storage. Energy

Mammoli, Andrea

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

215

Procedures to identify Energy Conservation Opportunities applied to HVAC system: example of VSD of chilled water pumps  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Procedures to identify Energy Conservation Opportunities applied to HVAC system: example of VSD of HVAC equipment using variable speed drive (VSD) is an Energy Conservation Opportunity (ECO) which can

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

216

Proceedings of Healthy Buildings 2009 Paper 535 HVAC filters as "passive" samplers: fate analysis of indoor particles  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Proceedings of Healthy Buildings 2009 Paper 535 HVAC filters as "passive" samplers: fate analysis the effectiveness of using HVAC filters as an indoor sampling technique. #12;Proceedings of Healthy Buildings 2009

Siegel, Jeffrey

217

Proposal for the Award of a Contract for Maintenance, Operation and Minor Installation Work for CERN Cooling and HVAC Systems  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Proposal for the Award of a Contract for Maintenance, Operation and Minor Installation Work for CERN Cooling and HVAC Systems

1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

218

Residential commissioning to assess envelope and HVAC system performance  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Houses do not perform optimally or even as many codes and forecasts predict. For example, Walker et al. (1998a) found large variations in thermal distribution system efficiency, as much as a factor of two even between side-by-side houses with the same system design and installation crew. This and other studies (e.g., Jump et al. 1996) indicate that duct leakage testing and sealing can readily achieve a 25 to 30% reduction in installed cooling capacity and energy consumption. As another example, consider that the building industry has recognized for at least 20 years the substantial impact that envelope airtightness has on thermal loads, energy use, comfort, and indoor air quality. However, Walker et al. (1998a) found 50% variances in airtightness for houses with the same design and construction crews, within the same subdivision. A substantial reason for these problems is that few houses are now built or retrofitted using formal design procedures, most are field assembled from a large number of components, and there is no consistent process to identify problems or to correct them. Solving the problems requires field performance evaluations of houses using appropriate and agreed upon procedures. Many procedural elements already exist in a fragmented environment; some are ready now to be integrated into a new process called residential commissioning (Wray et al. 2000). For example, California's Title 24 energy code already provides some commissioning elements for evaluating the energy performance of new houses. A house consists of components and systems that need to be commissioned, such as building envelopes, air distribution systems, cooling equipment, heat pumps, combustion appliances, controls, and other electrical appliances. For simplicity and practicality, these components and systems are usually evaluated individually, but we need to bear in mind that many of them interact. Therefore, commissioning must not only identify the energy and non-energy benefits associated with improving the performance of a component, it must also indicate how individual components interact in the complete building system. For this paper, we limit our discussion to diagnostics in areas of particular concern with significant interactions: envelope and HVAC systems. These areas include insulation quality, windows, airtightness, envelope moisture, fan and duct system airflows, duct leakage, cooling equipment charge, and combustion appliance backdrafting with spillage. The remainder of this paper first describes what residential commissioning is, its characteristic elements, and how one might structure its process. Subsequent sections describe a consolidated set of practical diagnostics that the building industry can use now. Where possible, we also discuss the accuracy and usability of these diagnostics, based on recent laboratory work and field studies. We conclude by describing areas in need of research and development, such as practical field diagnostics for envelope thermal conductance and combustion safety. There are several potential benefits for builders, consumers, code officials, utilities, and energy planners of commissioning houses using a consistent set of validated methods. Builders and/or commissioning agents will be able to optimize system performance and reduce consumer costs associated with building energy use. Consumers will be more likely to get what they paid for and builders can show they delivered what was expected. Code officials will be better able to enforce existing and future energy codes. As energy reduction measures are more effectively incorporated into the housing stock, utilities and energy planners will benefit through greater confidence in predicting demand and greater assurance that demand reductions will actually occur. Performance improvements will also reduce emissions from electricity generating plants and residential combustion equipment. Research to characterize these benefits is underway.

Wray, Craig P.; Sherman, Max H.

2001-08-31T23:59:59.000Z

219

Minimization of energy consumption in HVAC systems with data-driven models and an interior-point method  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Minimization of energy consumption in HVAC systems with data-driven models and an interior online 13 June 2014 Keywords: HVAC Interior-point method Internal heat gain Multilayer perceptron-driven approach is applied to minimize energy consumption of a heating, ventilating, and air conditioning (HVAC

Kusiak, Andrew

220

HVAC Component Data Modeling Using Industry Foundation Classes Vladimir Bazjanac, Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, U.S.A.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 HVAC Component Data Modeling Using Industry Foundation Classes Vladimir Bazjanac, Lawrence. This paper describes a number of aspects of a major extension of the HVAC part of the IFC data model. First is the introduction of a more generic approach for handling HVAC components. This includes type information, which

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "distributed te hvac" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


221

Residential HVAC Data, Assumptions and Methodology for End-Use Forecasting with EPRI-REEPS 2.1  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

LBL-34045 UC-1600 Residential HVAC Data, Assumptions and Methodology for End-Use Forecasting-uses include Heating, Ventilation and Air Conditioning (HVAC). Our analysis uses the modeling framework provided by the HVAC module in the Residential End-Use Energy Planning System (REEPS), which was developed

222

1736 IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON COMMUNICATIONS, VOL. 51, NO. 10, OCTOBER 2003 Impulse Response of the HVAC Duct as a  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of the HVAC Duct as a Communication Channel Pavel V. Nikitin, Member, IEEE, Daniel D. Stancil, Senior Member (HVAC) ducts in buildings behave as multimode waveguides when excited at radio frequencies and thus, can of a usual indoor propagation channel. In this paper, we describe physical mechanisms which affect the HVAC

Hochberg, Michael

223

7/11/00-draft copy: do not quote 1 of 30 New Technologies for Residential HVAC Ducts  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

7/11/00-draft copy: do not quote 1 of 30 New Technologies for Residential HVAC Ducts Burke Treidler is not evaluated and HVAC contractors overcome duct system shortcomings by installing oversized equipment Technologies for Residential HVAC Ducts fittings with some use of ductboard. Fittings that snap together were

224

Feasibility of Retrofitting Centralized HVAC Systems for Room-Level Zoning Tamim Sookoor, Brian Holben, Kamin Whitehouse  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Feasibility of Retrofitting Centralized HVAC Systems for Room-Level Zoning Tamim Sookoor, Brian {sookoor,bnh4k,whitehouse}@cs.virginia.edu Abstract--Heating, ventilation, and cooling (HVAC) accounts's largest energy consumers. Many attempts have been made to optimize the control of HVAC systems

Whitehouse, Kamin

225

IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON COMMUNICATIONS, VOL. 53, NO. 2, FEBRUARY 2005 335 On the Capacity Limits of HVAC Duct Channel for  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of HVAC Duct Channel for High-Speed Internet Access Ariton E. Xhafa, Member, IEEE, Ozan K. Tonguz, Member and experimental channel-capacity estimates of heating, ventilation, and air condi- tioning (HVAC) ducts based suppressed. Our experimental results also show that even in the case of more complex HVAC duct networks (i

Stancil, Daniel D.

226

HVAC filter bypass modelling and experimental validation Jeffrey A. Siegel1,*  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

standards that address HVAC filtration efficacy including ASHRAE Standard 52.2 (ASHRAE, 2007) and EN 779HVAC filter bypass modelling and experimental validation Jeffrey A. Siegel1,* , David B. Chojnowski of filter bypass, an ASHRAE Standard 52.2-2007 compliant apparatus was modified to accept filters

Siegel, Jeffrey

227

Co-design of control algorithm and embedded platform for building HVAC systems  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The design of heating, ventilation and air conditioning (HVAC) systems is crucial for reducing energy consumption in buildings. As complex cyber-physical systems, HVAC systems involve three closely-related subsystems -- the control algorithm, the physical ... Keywords: building energy efficiency, co-design, platform-based design

Mehdi Maasoumy; Qi Zhu; Cheng Li; Forrest Meggers; Alberto Sangiovanni-Vincentelli

2013-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

228

Fouling of HVAC Fin and Tube Heat Exchangers Jeffrey Siegel and Van P. Carey  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Fouling of heat exchangers used in heating, ventilating, and air conditioning (HVAC) systems is important contributor to overall energy use and peak electric demand. Furthermore, the location of heat exchangers in HVAC systems means that if bioaerosols containing bacteria, fungi, and viruses deposit on heat

229

Application of Multizone HVAC Control Using Wireless Sensor Networks and Actuating Vent Registers  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Most residential heating, ventilating, and air conditioning (HVAC) systems are designed to treat the home as a single zone. Single zone control consists of one thermostat, in a central area of the house that controls the HVAC operation. In a single...

Watts, W.; Koplow, M.; Redfern, A.; Wright, P.

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

230

Energy Savings with Energy-Efficient HVAC Systems in Commercial Buildings of Hong Kong  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of the electricity in Hong Kong is consumed by commercial buildings, and heating, ventilation and air-conditioning (HVAC) is the largest end-user in such buildings, improving the efficiency of HVAC systems in commercial buildings, is the key measure to take in Hong...

Yang, J.; Chan, K.; Wu, X.

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

231

Electric, Gas, and Electric/Gas Energy Options for Cold-Air HVAC Systems  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

An important aspect of the design of cost-effective HVAC systems today is (a) sensitivity to the cost impact of the interplay of utility demand charges, time-of-day rates, gas rates, and gas/electric utility incentive programs vis-à-vis HVAC system...

Meckler, G.

1989-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

232

A Study of Pressure Losses in Residential Air Distribution Systems Bass Abushakra Iain S. Walker Max H. Sherman  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. The experimental tests conformed to ASHRAE Standard 120P ­ Methods of Testing to Determine Flow Resistance of HVAC on the power consumption and the overall performance of the HVAC system. To satisfy the ARI 210 in the air-distribution system is critical. Proctor and Parker (2000) noted that the measured external static

233

Development of New HVAC Design Tools: Search for the Holy Grail of  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Development of New HVAC Design Tools: Search for the Holy Grail of Development of New HVAC Design Tools: Search for the Holy Grail of Ventilation Research Speaker(s): Jelena Srebric Date: January 29, 2004 - 12:00pm Location: Bldg. 90 Seminar Host/Point of Contact: William Fisk HVAC systems are very important to our wellbeing, energy, and the environment. Current design tools are typically supported by basic knowledge, and keep us at arm's length from the many practical problems. The design paradigm has been shifted several times in the past from thermal comfort, energy conservation, health concerns, and now probably to security issues. Each of the shift has required better design tools of HVAC systems.A team led by Dr. Jelena Srebric at the Department of Architecture, the Penn State University (PSU) is developing new HVAC design tools to meet

234

Source attenuating HVAC equipment—Just the facts  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Current classroom designs range from NC 63 to NC 25. The ASA/ANSI 12.60 Classroom Standard sets a relatively low background sound requirement for classrooms. Achieving 12.60 levels economically requires the maximum in source sound attenuation. This paper will provide a manufacturer’s perspective on current and low noiseHVAC products and the resulting classroomsound levels. Predictive acoustics software will be used to predict the space sound power level and some indication of equipment cost will be provided in order to assist designers in what is the best approach to low noiseclassroom design.

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

235

Decomposition of formaldehyde by EPD photocatalyst filters in HVAC  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This study used electrophoretic deposition (EPD) to apply titanium oxide (TiO2) coating on stainless steel filters and investigated the effectiveness of photocatalytic oxidation of formaldehyde by TiO2 under various conditions of heating ventilation air conditioning (HVAC). The results showed photocatalytic efficiency could reach 35.59% at 21 °C and 36.39% at 26 °C with 7 photocatalyst filters and 5 UVC lamps, the overall efficiency of formaldehyde removal of 52.37% at 21 °C, and 56.8% at 26 °C. By all experimental data can be found that the temperature for the photocatalytic performance is not obvious in the range of this study.

Chien-Chih Chen; Ching-Song Jwo; Tun-Ping Teng

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

236

Thermal Modeling for a HVAC Controlled Real-life Yong Fu1, Mo Sha1, Chengjie Wu1, Andrew Kutta1, Anna Leavey2, Chenyang Lu1,  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Thermal Modeling for a HVAC Controlled Real-life Auditorium Yong Fu1, Mo Sha1, Chengjie Wu1, Andrew consumption in build- ings is heating, ventilation, and air conditioning (HVAC). For an HVAC system to provide, especially in large open spaces. To optimize HVAC control, it is important to establish accurate dynamic

Lu, Chenyang

237

PV modules, with a life measured in decades, will typically be in place longer than the outdoor unit of a HVAC system.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

unit of a HVAC system. When the performance of an HVAC system deteriorates, it is usually inspected remain installed on the roof even after the system is no longer being used. Although HVAC units have only jumpers and screws effectively bond all parts of the listed device together. HVAC components are typically

Johnson, Eric E.

238

Fouling of HVAC fin and tube heat exchangers  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Fin and tube heat exchangers are used widely in residential, commercial and industrial HVAC applications. Invariably, indoor and outdoor air contaminants foul these heat exchangers. This fouling can cause decreased capacity and efficiency of the HVAC equipment as well as indoor air quality problems related to microbiological growth. This paper describes laboratory studies to investigate the mechanisms that cause fouling. The laboratory experiments involve subjecting a 4.7 fins/cm (12 fins/inch) fin and tube heat exchanger to an air stream that contains monodisperse particles. Air velocities ranging from 1.5-5.2 m/s (295 ft/min-1024 ft/min) and particle sizes from 1--8.6 {micro}m are used. The measured fraction of particles that deposit as well as information about the location of the deposited material indicate that particles greater than about 1 {micro}m contribute to fouling. These experimental results are used to validate a scaling analysis that describes the relative importance of several deposition mechanisms including impaction, Brownian diffusion, turbophoresis, thermophoresis, diffusiophoresis, and gravitational settling. The analysis is extended to apply to different fin spacings and particle sizes typical of those found in indoor air.

Siegel, Jeffrey; Carey, Van P.

2001-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

239

Transverse-momentum distribution and nuclear modification factor for neutral pions in the forward-rapidity region in proton-lead collisions at sNN=5.02 TeV  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The transverse momentum (pT) distribution for inclusive neutral pions in the very forward rapidity region has been measured, with the Large Hadron Collider forward detector (LHCf), in proton-lead collisions at nucleon-nucleon center-of-mass energies of sNN=5.02TeV at the LHC. The pT spectra obtained in the rapidity range ?11.0TeV, of about 0.1–0.4. This value is compared with the predictions of several hadronic interaction Monte Carlo simulations.

O. Adriani et al. (LHCf Collaboration)

2014-06-23T23:59:59.000Z

240

Measurement of distributions sensitive to the underlying event in inclusive Z-boson production in $pp$ collisions at $\\sqrt{s}=7$ TeV with the ATLAS detector  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A measurement of charged-particle distributions sensitive to the properties of the underlying event is presented for an inclusive sample of events containing a Z-boson , decaying to an electron or muon pair. The measurement is based on data collected using the ATLAS detector at the LHC in proton-proton collisions at a centre-of-mass energy of 7 TeV with an integrated luminosity of $4.6$ fb$^{-1}$. Distributions of the charged particle multiplicity and of the charged particle transverse momentum are measured in regions of azimuthal angle defined with respect to the Z-boson direction. The measured distributions are compared to similar distributions measured in jet events, and to the predictions of various Monte Carlo generators implementing different underlying event models.

ATLAS Collaboration

2014-09-11T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "distributed te hvac" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


241

Model Code for the Control of Residential HVAC Distribution System Leakage and HVAC-Induced Building Leakage  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, Underwriters Laboratories, Inc., the Air Conditioning Contractors Of America, the Thermal Insulation Manufacturers Association, the National Fire Protection Association, and the Gypsum Association....

Wemhoff, P.

1990-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

242

Measurement of the Muon Charge Asymmetry in Inclusive pp ? W + X Production at ?s = 7 TeV and an Improved Determination of Light Parton Distribution Functions  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Measurements of the muon charge asymmetry in inclusive pp ? W + X production at ?s = 7??TeV are presented. The data sample corresponds to an integrated luminosity of 4.7??fb[superscript ?1] recorded with the CMS detector ...

Apyan, Aram

243

HVAC Right-Sizing Part 1: Calculating Loads  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Building America Building America Presented by: Mike Gestwick - National Renewable Energy Laboratory Arlan Burdick, Anthony Grisolia - IBACOS, a Building America Research Team HVAC Right-Sizing Part 1: Calculating Loads Thursday, April 28 11:00 a.m. - 12:00 p.m. Eastern Building Technologies Program Mike Gestwick michael.gestwick@nrel.gov Building America: Introduction April 28, 2011 Introduction to Building America * Reduce energy use in new and existing residential buildings * Promote building science and systems engineering / integration approach * "Do no harm": Ensure safety, health and durability are maintained or improved * Accelerate adoption of high performance technologies www.buildingamerica.gov 15 Industry Research Teams Habitat Cost Effective Energy Retrofit Program

244

Fight Fall Allergies and Save Energy by Checking Your HVAC System |  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Fight Fall Allergies and Save Energy by Checking Your HVAC System Fight Fall Allergies and Save Energy by Checking Your HVAC System Fight Fall Allergies and Save Energy by Checking Your HVAC System October 15, 2012 - 3:19pm Addthis Change your furnace filter to help keep allergies at bay and keep your furnace and air conditioner running efficiently. | Photo courtesy of ©iStockphoto.com/JaniceRichard. Change your furnace filter to help keep allergies at bay and keep your furnace and air conditioner running efficiently. | Photo courtesy of ©iStockphoto.com/JaniceRichard. Elizabeth Spencer Communicator, National Renewable Energy Laboratory What does this mean for me? Change your furnace filters every month or two to keep your HVAC equipment operating efficiently. I have unbelievably horrible fall allergies. I've never figured out what

245

Total and Peak Energy Consumption Minimization of Building HVAC Systems Using Model Predictive Control  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

inputs. The idea of modeling building thermal behavior usingThe detail of building thermal modeling is pre- sented in [Modeling and optimal control algorithm design for hvac systems in energy efficient buildings,’’

Maasoumy, Mehdi; Sangiovanni-Vincentelli, Alberto

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

246

What are the Best HVAC Solutions for Low-Load, High Performance Homes?"  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

This presentation was given at the Summer 2012 DOE Building America meeting on July 26, 2012, and addressed the question What are the best HVAC solutions for low-load, high performance homes?"

247

Building America Webinar: HVAC Right-Sizing Part 1—Calculating Loads  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

During this webinar, Building America Research Team IBACOS highlighted the key criteria required to create accurate heating and cooling load calculations. Current industry rules of thumb, perceptions and barriers to right-sizing HVAC were also discussed.

248

HVAC system optimization with CO2 concentration control using genetic algorithms  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This study describes the use of genetic algorithms (GAs) for operating standard HVAC systems (HVAC—heating, ventilation and air conditioning) in order to optimize performance, primarily with regard to power saving. Genetic algorithms were introduced as an instrument for solving optimization problems. Analytic optimization procedures are widely used in other fields of engineering, but they are difficult to operate within HVAC systems, because the range of the research is usually too broad, the problems are not linear but rather discontinuous, and they mostly have complex limitations. This is why for this type of system genetic algorithms are used, since they have the qualities of robustness and efficiency that are crucial for finding the optimal solution. A simulation is conducted in order to demonstrate how much power can be saved by using the suggested method of CO2 concentration control in a standard HVAC system. In addition to Matlab Simulink, the suggested method is verified with Energy software.

Velimir Congradac; Filip Kulic

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

249

CO 2 - Based Demand-Controlled Ventilation Control Strategies for Multi-Zone HVAC Systems  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

CO 2-based demand-controlled ventilation DCV strategy offers a great opportunity to reduce energy consumption in HVAC systems while providing the required ventilation. However, implementing CO 2-based DCV under ASHRAE 62.1.2004 through 2010...

Nassif, N.

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

250

Analysis of the HVAC System at the Willow Branch Intermediate School  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This report presents an analysis of the HVAC system at the Willow Branch Intermediate School for the MEEN 685 class project. The school is located at College Station, Texas. A portion of the school belonged to Oakwood Intermediate School which...

Wei, G.

1997-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

251

Application of Various HVAC Simulation Programs and Visual Tools to Commissioning  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Various existing HVAC system simulation programs and visualization tools are considered to be potentially powerful tools for commissioning. Although not originally developed as commissioning tools, these programs facilitate the confirmation...

Zheng, M.; Pan, S.

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

252

Computational Study on Thermal Properties of HVAC System with Building Structure Thermal Storage  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Building structure thermal storage (BSTS) HVAC systems can store heat during nighttime thermal storage operation (nighttime operation hours) by using off-peak electricity and release it in the daytime air-conditioning operation (daytime operation...

Sato, Y.; Sagara, N.; Ryu, Y.; Maehara, K.; Nagai, T.

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

253

DOE Convening Report on Certification of Commercial HVAC and CRE Products  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

This document is the convening report on the feasibility of a negotiated rulemaking to revise the certification program for commercial HVAC and CRE products published on October 2, 2012.

254

Energy Savings Potential and RD&D Opportunities for Commercial Building HVAC  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

This Building Technologies Office report assesses heating, ventilation, and air-conditioning (HVAC) technologies for U.S. commercial buildings to identify and provide analysis on 17 priority technology options in various stages of development.

255

Requirements for Commissioning HVAC Systems Using BEMS and Commissioning the BEMS Itself Based on Questionnaire Surveys  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In this paper the present status and requirements for commissioning of HVAC Systems using Building Energy Management Systems (BEMS) and commissioning the BEMS itself are investigated and summarized. The information presented is based on the results...

Yoshida, H.; Vaezi-Nejad, H.; Choiniere, D.; Wang, F.

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

256

Development of HVAC System Performance Criteria Using Factorial Design and DOE-2 Simulation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A new approach is described for the development of Heating, Ventilating, and Air-conditioning (HVAC) System Performance Criteria for the Texas Building Energy Design Standard. This approach integrates a design of experimental methodology and DOE-2...

Hou, D.; Jones, J. W.; Hunn, B. D.; Banks, J. A.

1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

257

A Qualitive Modeling Approach for Fault Detection and Diagnosis on HVAC Systems  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This paper describes the basics and first test results of a model based approach using qualitative modeling to perform Fault Detection and Diagnostics (FDD) on HVAC and R systems. A quantized system describing the qualitative behavior of a...

Muller, T.; Rehault, N.; Rist, T.

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

258

Energy Savings Potential and RD&D Opportunities for Residential Building HVAC Systems  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

This report assesses 135 different heating, ventilation, and air-conditioning (HVAC) technologies for U.S. residential buildings to identify and provide analysis on 19 priority technology options in various stages of development.

259

Building America Whole-House Solutions for Existing Homes: Inverted Attic Bulkhead for HVAC Ductwork  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

This occupied test home received a modified truss system to accommodate ductwork within an inverted insulated bulkhead along the attic floor, which saves energy by placing heating, ventilating, and air-conditioning (HVAC) ductwork within the home's thermal boundary.

260

DOE Convening Report on Certification of Commercial HVAC and CRE Products  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Convening Report on Certification of Commercial HVAC and CRE Products, October 2, 2012 Convening Report on Certification of Commercial HVAC and CRE Products, October 2, 2012 1 U.S. DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY CONVENING REPORT ON THE FEASIBILITY OF A NEGOTIATED RULEMAKING TO REVISE THE CERTIFICATION PROGRAM FOR COMMERCIAL HEATING, VENTILATING AIR CONDITIONING AND COMMERCIAL REFRIGERATION EQUIPMENT October 2, 2012 Alan W. Strasser, Esq., MA Convener

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "distributed te hvac" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


261

Case study field evaluation of a systems approach to retrofitting a residential HVAC system  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This case study focusing on a residence in northern California was undertaken as a demonstration of the potential of a systems approach to HVAC retrofits. The systems approach means that other retrofits that can affect the HVAC system are also considered. For example, added building envelope insulation reduces building loads so that smaller capacity HVAC system can be used. Secondly, we wanted to examine the practical issues and interactions with contractors and code officials required to accomplish the systems approach because it represents a departure from current practice. We identified problems in the processes of communication and installation of the retrofit that led to compromises in the final energy efficiency of the HVAC system. These issues must be overcome in order for HVAC retrofits to deliver the increased performance that they promise. The experience gained in this case study was used to optimize best practices guidelines for contractors (Walker 2003) that include building diagnostics and checklists as tools to assist in ensuring the energy efficiency of ''house as a system'' HVAC retrofits. The best practices guidelines proved to be an excellent tool for evaluating the eight existing homes in this study, and we received positive feedback from many potential users who reviewed and used them. In addition, we were able to substantially improve the energy efficiency of the retrofitted case study house by adding envelope insulation, a more efficient furnace and air conditioner, an economizer and by reducing duct leakage.

Walker, Iain S.; McWiliams, Jennifer A.; Konopacki, Steven J.

2003-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

262

Invariant-mass distribution of jet pairs produced in association with a $W$ boson in \\ppbar collisions at $\\sqrt{s}=1.96$ TeV using the full CDF Run II data set  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We report on a study of the dijet invariant-mass distribution in events with one identified lepton, a significant imbalance in the total event transverse momentum, and two jets. This distribution is sensitive to the possible production of a new particle in association with a $W$ boson, where the boson decays leptonically. We use the full data set of proton-antiproton collisions at 1.96 TeV center-of-mass energy collected by the Collider Detector at the Fermilab Tevatron and corresponding to an integrated luminosity of 8.9 fb$^{-1}$. The data are found to be consistent with standard-model expectations, and a 95$\\%$ confidence level upper limit is set on the cross section for a $W$ boson produced in association with a new particle decaying into two jets.

T. Aaltonen

2014-02-27T23:59:59.000Z

263

Software-as-a-Service Optimised Scheduling of a Solar-Assisted HVAC System with Thermal Storage  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1980, but its thermal solar and storage systems received achiller. A 30 m heat storage tank solar decouples heatfacility with thermal storage and solar- assisted HVAC for

Mammoli, Andrea

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

264

A plug and play framework for an HVAC air handling unit and temperature sensor auto recognition technique.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??A plug and play framework for an HVAC air handling unit control system is proposed in this study. This is the foundation and the first… (more)

Zhou, Xiaohui

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

265

Demand Response-Enabled Model Predictive HVAC Load Control in Buildings using Real-Time Electricity Pricing.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??A practical cost and energy efficient model predictive control (MPC) strategy is proposed for HVAC load control under dynamic real-time electricity pricing. The MPC strategy… (more)

Avci, Mesut

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

266

System dynamics based models for selecting HVAC systems for office buildings: a life cycle assessment from carbon emissions perspective.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??This study aims to explore the life cycle environmental impacts of typical heating ventilation and air condition (HVAC) systems including variable air volume (VAV) system,… (more)

Chen, S

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

267

Optimized Fan Control In Variable Air Volume HVAC Systems Using Static Pressure Resets: Strategy Selection and Savings Analysis.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??The potential of static pressure reset (SPR) control to save fan energy in variable air volume HVAC systems has been well documented. Current research has… (more)

Kimla, John

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

268

125Te NMR chemical-shift trends in PbTe–GeTe and PbTe–SnTe alloys  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Complex tellurides, such as doped PbTe, GeTe, and their alloys, are among the best thermoelectric materials. Knowledge of the change in 125Te NMR chemical shift due to bonding to dopant or “solute” atoms is useful for determination of phase composition, peak assignment, and analysis of local bonding. We have measured the 125Te NMR chemical shifts in PbTe-based alloys, Pb1?xGexTe and Pb1?xSnxTe, which have a rocksalt-like structure, and analyzed their trends. For low x, several peaks are resolved in the 22-kHz MAS 125Te NMR spectra. A simple linear trend in chemical shifts with the number of Pb neighbors is observed. No evidence of a proposed ferroelectric displacement of Ge atoms in a cubic PbTe matrix is detected at low Ge concentrations. The observed chemical shift trends are compared with the results of DFT calculations, which confirm the linear dependence on the composition of the first-neighbor shell. The data enable determination of the composition of various phases in multiphase telluride materials. They also provide estimates of the 125Te chemical shifts of GeTe and SnTe (+970 and +400±150 ppm, respectively, from PbTe), which are otherwise difficult to access due to Knight shifts of many hundreds of ppm in neat GeTe and SnTe.

Njegic, Bosiljka [Ames Laboratory; Levin, Evgenii M. [Ames Laboratory; Schmidt-Rohr, Klaus [Ames Laboratory

2013-10-08T23:59:59.000Z

269

Evaluation of flow capture techniques for measuring HVAC grilleairflows  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This paper discusses the accuracy of commercially available flow hoods for residential applications. Results of laboratory and field tests indicate these hoods can be inadequate to measure airflows in residential systems, and there can be large measurement discrepancies between different flow hoods. The errors are due to poor calibrations, sensitivity of the hoods to grille airflow non-uniformities, and flow changes from added flow resistance. It is possible to obtain reasonable results using some flow hoods if the field tests are carefully done, the grilles are appropriate, and grille location does not restrict flow hood placement. We also evaluated several simple flow capture techniques for measuring grille airflows that could be adopted by the HVAC industry and homeowners as simple diagnostics. These simple techniques can be as accurate as commercially available devices. Our test results also show that current calibration procedures for flow hoods do not account for field application problems. As a result, agencies such as ASHRAE or ASTM need to develop a new standard for flow hood calibration, along with a new measurement standard to address field use of flow capture techniques.

Walker, Iain S.; Wray, Craig P.

2002-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

270

Deposition of biological aerosols on HVAC heat exchangers  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Many biologically active materials are transported as bioaerosols 1-10 {micro}m in diameter. These particles can deposit on cooling and heating coils and lead to serious indoor air quality problems. This paper investigates several of the mechanisms that lead to aerosol deposition on fin and tube heat exchangers. A model has been developed that incorporates the effects of several deposition mechanisms, including impaction, Brownian and turbulent diffusion, turbophoresis, thermophoresis, diffusiophoresis, and gravitational settling. The model is applied to a typical range of air velocities that are found in commercial and residential HVAC systems 1 - 6 m/s (200 - 1200 ft/min), particle diameters from 1 - 8 {micro}m, and fin spacings from 3.2 - 7.9 fins/cm (8 - 16 fins/inch or FPI). The results from the model are compared to results from an experimental apparatus that directly measures deposition on a 4.7 fins/cm (12 FPI) coil. The model agrees reasonably well with this measured data and suggests that cooling coils are an important sink for biological aerosols and consequently a potential source of indoor air quality problems.

Siegel, Jeffrey; Walker, Ian

2001-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

271

A new modelling methodology to control HVAC systems  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Thermal comfort plays an important role in any working environment, but it is a very vague term and it is also very difficult to represent it on modern computers. Its proper definition could be a condition of the mind which expresses satisfaction with the thermal environment and, therefore, it depends on the individual’s physiology and psychology. Several researchers have investigated the relationships between room conditions and thermal comfort. Generally speaking, statistical approaches had been used whereas fuzzy and neural approaches have been recently proposed. In this work it is proposed a new thermal comfort model based on the P.O. Fanger PMV index according to the Institute of the University of Kansas and it has been adapted to a specific indoor ambience with a thermal comfort logger. The results showed that this methodology puts forward an adequate accuracy and suggests temperatures according to the present HVAC standards and those adaptive models show adequate values for thermal neutralities even though they are not suitable for energy saving due to its static value on a daily basis.

José A. Orosa

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

272

Outdoor airflow into HVAC systems: An evaluation of measurement technologies  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

During the last few years, new technologies have been introduced for measuring the flow rates of outdoor air (OA) into HVAC systems; however, an evaluation of these measurement technologies has not previously been published. This document describes a test system and protocols developed for controlled evaluation of these measurement technologies. The results of tests of three measurement technologies are also summarized. The test system and protocol were judged practical and very useful. The test results indicate that one measurement technology can measure OA flow rates with errors of 20% or less without a field-based calibration, as long as the OA velocities are sufficient to provide an accurately measurable pressure signal. The test results for a second measurement technology are similar; however, a difficult field-based calibration relating the OA flow rate with the pressure signal would be required to reduce errors below approximately 30%. The errors in OA flow rates measured with the third measurement technology, that uses six electronic airspeed sensors downstream of the OA inlet louver, exceeded 100%; however, these errors could be substantially reduced through a difficult field based calibration. The effects of wind on the accuracy of these measurement technologies still needs to be evaluated.

Fisk, William J.; Faulkner, David; Sullivan, Douglas P.; Delp, Woody

2003-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

273

Compression effects on pressure loss in flexible HVAC ducts  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A study was conducted to evaluate the effect of compression on pressure drop in flexible, spiral wire helix core ducts used in residential and light commercial applications. Ducts of 6 inches, 8 inches and 10 inches (150, 200 and 250 mm) nominal diameters were tested under different compression configurations following ASHRAE Standard 120-1999--Methods of Testing to Determine Flow Resistance of HVAC Air Ducts and Fittings. The results showed that the available published references tend to underestimate the effects of compression. The study demonstrated that moderate compression in flexible ducts, typical of that often seen in field installations, could increase the pressure drop by a factor of four, while further compression could increase the pressure drop by factors close to ten. The results proved that the pressure drop correction factor for compressed ducts cannot be independent of the duct size, as suggested by ASHRAE Fundamentals, and therefore a new relationship was developed for better quantification of the pressure drop in flexible ducts. This study also suggests potential improvements to ASHRAE Standard 120-1999 and provides new data for duct design.

Abushakra, Bass; Walker, Iain S.; Sherman, Max H.

2002-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

274

Evaluation of HVAC filters as a sampling mechanism for indoor microbial communities  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

HVAC filters are in place for extended periods of time and can serve as integrated air samplers. This paper presents a comparison of bacterial and fungal concentrations and communities in HVAC filter dust and other sampling locations in occupied residences and in the unoccupied \\{UTest\\} House. A DNA-based, culture-independent approach was utilized to characterize the microbial communities. Microbial concentrations and communities in HVAC filter dust samples were not statistically different from those in high surface dust samples in occupied homes. Despite the general similarity in the communities, Proteobacteria were present in greater proportion in HVAC filter dust samples than in surface dust samples suggesting the air origin of this phylum. Gram-positive bacteria were present in greater proportion in occupied residences than in an unoccupied test house, confirming the potential association of this group with occupants. HVAC filter microbial communities were not different from those present in a composited month-long indoor air sample providing preliminary evidence that filters could be a viable option for long-term investigation of airborne biological contaminants.

Federico Noris; Jeffrey A. Siegel; Kerry A. Kinney

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

275

Constraints on parton distribution functions and extraction of the strong coupling constant from the inclusive jet cross section in pp collisions at sqrt(s) = 7 TeV  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The inclusive jet cross section for proton-proton collisions at a centre-of-mass energy of 7 TeV was measured by the CMS Collaboration at the LHC with data corresponding to an integrated luminosity of 5.0 inverse femtobarns. The measurement covers a phase space up to 2 TeV in jet transverse momentum and 2.5 in absolute jet rapidity. The statistical precision of these data leads to stringent constraints on the parton distribution functions of the proton. The data provide important input for the gluon density at high fractions of the proton momentum and for the strong coupling constant at large energy scales. Using predictions from perturbative quantum chromodynamics at next-to-leading order, complemented with electroweak corrections, the constraining power of these data is investigated and the strong coupling constant at the Z boson mass M[Z] is determined to be alpha[S(M[Z])} = 0.1185 +/- 0.0019 (exp) +0.0060 -0.0037 (theo), which is in agreement with the world average.

CMS Collaboration

2014-10-24T23:59:59.000Z

276

High-Speed Internet Access via HVAC Ducts: A New Approach Daniel D. Stancil, Ozan K. Tonguz, Ariton Xhafa, Ahmet Cepni, and Pavel Nikitin  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

High-Speed Internet Access via HVAC Ducts: A New Approach Daniel D. Stancil, Ozan K. Tonguz, Ariton conditioning (HVAC) ducts for indoor wireless transmission systems and networks. Mea- surements and system to 100 Mbps should be possible, when HVAC system is used in con- junction with OFDM technology. Keywords

Stancil, Daniel D.

277

This paper has been downloaded from the Building and Environmental Thermal Systems Research Group at Oklahoma State University (www.hvac.okstate.edu)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

at Oklahoma State University (www.hvac.okstate.edu) The correct citation for the paper is: Rees, S.J., J cooling loads is of critical concern to designers of HVAC systems. The work reported here has been carried of the HVAC industry worldwide would be improved if common methods of performing key design calculations were

Ghajar, Afshin J.

278

Cooperative Control of Air Flow for HVAC Systems Shuai Liu1,2, Yushen Long1, Lihua Xie1 and Alexandre M. Bayen3  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Cooperative Control of Air Flow for HVAC Systems Shuai Liu1,2, Yushen Long1, Lihua Xie1 for building heating, ven- tilation and air-conditioning (HVAC) systems. The strategy consists in two level and the HVAC system parameters. I. INTRODUCTION In recent years, energy saving and environment protection have

279

Logue and Singer, HVAC&R, 20(2): 264-275, 2014. Energy Impacts of Effective Residential Range Hood Use, LBNL-6683E Page 1  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Logue and Singer, HVAC&R, 20(2): 264-275, 2014. Energy Impacts of Effective Residential Range Hood and Singer, HVAC&R, 20(2): 264-275, 2014. Energy Impacts of Effective Residential Range Hood Use, LBNL-6683E Laboratory is an equal opportunity employer. #12;Logue and Singer, HVAC&R, 20(2): 264-275, 2014. Energy

280

IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON ANTENNAS AND PROPAGATION, VOL. 51, NO. 5, MAY 2003 945 Propagation Model for the HVAC Duct as a  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

for the HVAC Duct as a Communication Channel Pavel V. Nikitin, Member, IEEE, Daniel D. Stancil, Senior Member (HVAC) ducts in buildings are typically hollow metal pipes which can be used as waveguides to carry such a communication system. This paper presents a propagation model for a straight HVAC duct terminated at both ends

Stancil, Daniel D.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "distributed te hvac" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


281

A Simple Path Loss Prediction Model for HVAC Systems O. K. Tonguz, D. D. Stancil, A. E. Xhafa, A. G. Cepni, P. V. Nikitin  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 A Simple Path Loss Prediction Model for HVAC Systems O. K. Tonguz, D. D. Stancil, A. E. Xhafa, A, and air conditioning (HVAC) cylindrical ducts in 2.4-2.5 GHz frequency band. The model we propose predicts the average power loss between a transmitter-receiver pair in an HVAC duct network. This prediction model

Stancil, Daniel D.

282

Commercial thermal distribution systems, Final report for CIEE/CEC  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

air-volume HVAC systems, static pressures across theIn VAY HVAC systems, the static pressures may likely changefor the Static Pressure Analysis Tool are: • HVAC schedule

Xu, T.

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

283

Critical Question #4: What are the Best Off-the-Shelf HVAC Solutions for  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Critical Question #4: What are the Best Off-the-Shelf HVAC Critical Question #4: What are the Best Off-the-Shelf HVAC Solutions for Low-Load, High-Performance Homes and Apartments? Critical Question #4: What are the Best Off-the-Shelf HVAC Solutions for Low-Load, High-Performance Homes and Apartments? What is currently in the market? What are the limitations of these systems? What are the desired specifications for these systems? What are the realistic space conditioning loads of these high-performance homes and apartments? cq4_forced_air_systems_walker.pdf cq4_simplified_space_cond_prahl.pdf cq4_ground_heat_exchanger_im.pdf More Documents & Publications Track C - Market-Driven Research Solutions Track B - Critical Guidance for Peak Performance Homes Energy Storage & Power Electronics 2008 Peer Review - Power Electronics

284

HVAC vs. Space Heaters: Which is More Efficient? | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

HVAC vs. Space Heaters: Which is More Efficient? HVAC vs. Space Heaters: Which is More Efficient? HVAC vs. Space Heaters: Which is More Efficient? January 10, 2011 - 4:27pm Addthis Andrea Spikes Communicator at DOE's National Renewable Energy Laboratory I live in Colorado, and when it's cold it is very, very cold. Since I hate paying high heating bills, I typically have my thermostat set to a chilly 62°F. My husband and I have gotten used to this, and really like being able to use a warm comforter while the air stays cooler. There are some nights, however, that even this setting seems too high and the heater is running a lot more than I'd like it to. When it's below 0° overnight, or even sometimes during the day, we occasionally break out our oil-filled space heater when we're only using one room. That has me

285

HVAC vs. Space Heaters: Which is More Efficient? | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

HVAC vs. Space Heaters: Which is More Efficient? HVAC vs. Space Heaters: Which is More Efficient? HVAC vs. Space Heaters: Which is More Efficient? January 10, 2011 - 4:27pm Addthis Andrea Spikes Communicator at DOE's National Renewable Energy Laboratory I live in Colorado, and when it's cold it is very, very cold. Since I hate paying high heating bills, I typically have my thermostat set to a chilly 62°F. My husband and I have gotten used to this, and really like being able to use a warm comforter while the air stays cooler. There are some nights, however, that even this setting seems too high and the heater is running a lot more than I'd like it to. When it's below 0° overnight, or even sometimes during the day, we occasionally break out our oil-filled space heater when we're only using one room. That has me

286

Multi-objective optimization of HVAC system with an evolutionary computation algorithm  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A data-mining approach for the optimization of a HVAC (heating, ventilation, and air conditioning) system is presented. A predictive model of the HVAC system is derived by data-mining algorithms, using a dataset collected from an experiment conducted at a research facility. To minimize the energy while maintaining the corresponding IAQ (indoor air quality) within a user-defined range, a multi-objective optimization model is developed. The solutions of this model are set points of the control system derived with an evolutionary computation algorithm. The controllable input variables — supply air temperature and supply air duct static pressure set points — are generated to reduce the energy use. The results produced by the evolutionary computation algorithm show that the control strategy saves energy by optimizing operations of an HVAC system.

Andrew Kusiak; Fan Tang; Guanglin Xu

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

287

Measurement of distributions sensitive to the underlying event in inclusive Z-boson production in pp collisions at ?s = 7 TeV with the ATLAS detector  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A measurement of charged-particle distributions sensitive to the properties of the underlying event is presented for an inclusive sample of events containing a Z -boson, decaying to an electron or muon pair. The measurement ...

Taylor, Frank E.

288

Pre-Commercial Demonstration of Cost-Effective Advanced HVAC Controls- 2014 BTO Peer Review  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Presenter: Hayden Reeve, United Technologies Research Center Optimal control coordination of heating, ventilation, and air conditioning (HVAC) equipment can reduce energy by more than 20% over current building automation systems (BASs) but is not widely deployed due to challenges with complexity, scalability, and deployment.

289

2014-04-28 Issuance: Certification of Commercial HVAC, Water Heating, and Refrigeration Equipment; Final Rule  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

This document is a pre-publication Federal Register final rule regarding the certification of commercial heating, ventilation, and air-conditioning (HVAC), water heating (WH), and refrigeration (CRE) equipment, as issued by the Deputy Assistant Secretary for Energy Efficiency on April 28, 2014.

290

IFC HVAC interface to EnergyPlus - A case of expanded interoperability for energy simulation  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Tedious manual input of data that define a building, its systems and its expected pattern of use and operating schedules for building energy performance simulation has in the past diverted time and resources from productive simulation runs. In addition to its previously released IFCtoIDF utility that semiautomates the import of building geometry, the new IFC HVAC interface to EnergyPlus (released at the end of 2003) makes it possible to import and export most of the data that define HVAC equipment and systems in a building directly from and to other IFC compatible software tools. This reduces the manual input of other data needed for successful simulation with EnergyPlus to a minimum. The main purpose of this new interface is to enable import of HVAC equipment and systems definitions, generated by other IFC compatible software tools (such as HVAC systems design tools) and data bases, into EnergyPlus, and to write such definitions contained in EnergyPlus input files to the original IFC files from which building geometry was extracted for the particular EnergyPlus input. In addition, this interface sets an example for developers of other software tools how to import and/or export data other than building geometry from and/or into EnergyPlus. This paper describes the necessary simplifications and shortcuts incorporated in this interface, its operating environment, interface architecture, and the basic conditions and methodology for its use with EnergyPlus.

Bazjanac, Vladimir; Maile, Tobias

2004-03-29T23:59:59.000Z

291

Building America Expert Meeting: Transitioning Traditional HVAC Contractors to Whole House Performance Contractors  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

This report outlines findings resulting from a U.S. Department of Energy Building America expert meeting held on March 29, 2011 by IBACOS to determine how HVAC companies can transition from a traditional contractor status to a service provider for whole house energy upgrade contracting.

292

Modeling and Measurement Constraints in Fault Diagnostics for HVAC Systems Massieh Najafi1  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of the building's air conditioning units from reaching occupied spaces, so this unit's energy is simply wastedModeling and Measurement Constraints in Fault Diagnostics for HVAC Systems Massieh Najafi1 , David, Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, mdsohn@lbl.gov ABSTRACT Many studies have shown that energy savings

293

Particle loading rates for HVAC filters, heat exchangers, and ducts Nomenclature  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Particle loading rates for HVAC filters, heat exchangers, and ducts Nomenclature Afl surface area of floor (m2 ) bf fraction of bypass flow around the filter (dimensionless) Cout outdoor concentration on the filter per volume of air (mg/lm m3 ) Mf,tot total mass deposited on the filter per month of operation (g

Siegel, Jeffrey

294

VOLUME 11, NUMBER 2 HVAC&R RESEARCH APRIL 2005 An Optimization-Based Approach for  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of energy consumption, and human comfort requirements. This paper presents a daily energy management in view of rising energy costs, the government mandate on reduction of energy consumption (Capehart et al requirements. A major portion of energy consumption of a building comes from HVAC units. For example

Luh, Peter

295

Department of Energy and Mineral Engineering Spring 2013 Solar Innovations -HVAC and Waste Stream Analysis  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

included providing accurate floor plans and improve the system for improvement in indoor air qualityPENNSTATE Department of Energy and Mineral Engineering Spring 2013 Solar Innovations - HVAC areas and indoor air quality is below satisfactory. The waste stream was to be analysed to assess

Demirel, Melik C.

296

Measurement of the electroweak production of dijets in association with a Z-boson and distributions sensitive to vector boson fusion in proton-proton collisions at sqrt(s) = 8 TeV using the ATLAS detector  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Measurements of fiducial cross sections for the electroweak production of two jets in association with a Z-boson are presented. The measurements are performed using 20.3 inverse femtobarns of proton-proton collision data collected at a centre-of-mass energy of sqrt(s)=8 TeV by the ATLAS experiment at the Large Hadron Collider. The electroweak component is extracted by a fit to the dijet invariant mass distribution in a fiducial region chosen to enhance the electroweak contribution over the dominant background in which the jets are produced via the strong interaction. The electroweak cross sections measured in two fiducial regions are in good agreement with the Standard Model expectations and the background-only hypothesis is rejected with significance above the 5 sigma level. The electroweak process includes the vector boson fusion production of a Z-boson and the data are used to place limits on anomalous triple gauge boson couplings. In addition, measurements of cross sections and differential distributions for inclusive Z-boson-plus-dijet production are performed in five fiducial regions, each with different sensitivity to the electroweak contribution. The results are corrected for detector effects and compared to predictions from the SHERPA and POWHEG event generators.

ATLAS Collaboration

2014-01-29T23:59:59.000Z

297

Model-Based Hierarchical Optimal Control Design for HVAC Systems  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

sun on the external sides of the walls in deriving the differential equations of the temperature distribution

Maasoumy, Mehdi; Pinto, Alessandro; Sangiovanni-Vincentelli, Alberto

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

298

Building America Whole-House Solutions for New Homes: HVAC Design Strategy for a Hot-Humid Production Builder  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

In this project, BSC worked with the builder to develop a cost-effective design for moving the HVAC system into conditioned space and increase the energy performance of future production houses in anticipation of 2015 IECC codes.

299

Detection and diagnosis of faults and energy monitoring of HVAC systems with least-intrusive power analysis  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Faults indicate degradation or sudden failure of equipment in a system. Widely existing in heating, ventilating, and air conditioning (HVAC) systems, faults always lead to inefficient energy consumption, undesirable indoor ...

Luo, Dong, 1966-

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

300

Software-as-a-Service Optimised Scheduling of a Solar-Assisted HVAC System with Thermal Storage  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

performance of a solar-thermal- assisted hvac system. Energyfor rows of fixed solar thermal collectors using flatassisted by a 232 m solar thermal array providing heat to a

Mammoli, Andrea

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "distributed te hvac" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


301

Proceedings of Healthy Buildings 2009 Paper 680 Do forced air HVAC systems have a role in healthy homes?  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Proceedings of Healthy Buildings 2009 Paper 680 Do forced air HVAC systems have a role in healthy-extreme weather conditions. #12;Proceedings of Healthy Buildings 2009 Paper 680 Thus, a central forced air

Siegel, Jeffrey

302

Proceedings of Healthy Buildings 2009 Paper 474 Impacts of HVAC Filtration on Air-Conditioner Energy Consumption in  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Proceedings of Healthy Buildings 2009 Paper 474 Impacts of HVAC Filtration on Air efficiency filters (Points A, B, and C, respectively). #12;Proceedings of Healthy Buildings 2009 Paper 474

Siegel, Jeffrey

303

Optimized Fan Control In Variable Air Volume HVAC Systems Using Static Pressure Resets: Strategy Selection and Savings Analysis  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The potential of static pressure reset (SPR) control to save fan energy in variable air volume HVAC systems has been well documented. Current research has focused on the creation of reset strategies depending on specific system features...

Kimla, John

2010-07-14T23:59:59.000Z

304

HVAC Cabinet Air Leakage Test Method - Building America Top Innovation...  

Energy Savers [EERE]

their air sealing practices to reduce the amount of air leaking at ducts and duct boots, testing showed that distribution systems still leaked at air handlers and furnace...

305

Building America Top Innovations 2014 Profile: HVAC Cabinet Air...  

Energy Savers [EERE]

their air sealing practices to reduce the amount of air leaking at ducts and duct boots, testing showed that distribution systems still leaked at air handlers and furnace...

306

Air quality metrics and wireless technology to maximize the energy efficiency of HVAC in a working auditorium  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract HVAC is the single largest consumer of energy in commercial and residential buildings. Reducing its energy consumption without compromising occupants’ comfort would have environmental and financial benefits. A wireless testbed consisting of a retrofitted wireless Condensation Particle Counter (CPC), 25 wireless temperature sensors, 2 HVAC-embedded temperature and CO2 sensors, and a webcam was deployed in a working auditorium, to monitor the air quality, temperature, and occupancy of the room. The main objectives were to identify particle sources using the retrofitted CPC, map the temperature variability of the room and select an optimal sensor location for HVAC control using clustering algorithms, and examine possible energy savings by operating the HVAC only during periods of occupancy using calendar-based scheduling and air quality indicators as proxies of occupancy. All air quality metrics increased with higher occupancy rates, although HVAC-modes changes were also identified as a source for particle numbers. Operating the HVAC using calendar-based scheduling resulted in energy savings of between 8 and 79%, increasing if occupancy events were scheduled close together. Finally, CO2 was the strongest predictor of occupancy counts with an R2 of 0.62 (pfilters should be replaced.

Anna Leavey; Yong Fu; Mo Sha; Andrew Kutta; Chenyang Lu; Weining Wang; Bill Drake; Yixin Chen; Pratim Biswas

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

307

The new standard’s HVAC background noise requirements and their implementation in building design  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The new ANSI classroom standard recommends long?term steady?state background sound level limits of 35 dBA and 55 dBC. Since the HVAC system is typically a room’s dominant steady?state noise source it is usually reasonable to apply these limits to the design of the system assuming that other noise sources produce insignificant additions to the room’s long?term background noise environment. The recommended sound level limits are significantly lower than current industry standards and complying with them will increase system costs. School administrators architects and HVAC system designers should therefore be prepared for the changes. This paper summarizes equipment selection and system design guidelines that have been found to be necessary for ensuring compliance with the sound level limits.

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

308

Comparisons of HVAC Simulations between EnergyPlus and DOE-2.2 for Data Centers  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This paper compares HVAC simulations between EnergyPlus and DOE-2.2 for data centers. The HVAC systems studied in the paper are packaged direct expansion air-cooled single zone systems with and without air economizer. Four climate zones are chosen for the study - San Francisco, Miami, Chicago, and Phoenix. EnergyPlus version 2.1 and DOE-2.2 version 45 are used in the annual energy simulations. The annual cooling electric consumption calculated by EnergyPlus and DOE-2.2 are reasonablely matched within a range of -0.4percent to 8.6percent. The paper also discusses sources of differences beween EnergyPlus and DOE-2.2 runs including cooling coil algorithm, performance curves, and important energy model inputs.

Hong, Tianzhen; Sartor, Dale; Mathew, Paul; Yazdanian, Mehry

2008-08-13T23:59:59.000Z

309

Post-Retrocommissioning HVAC Operations Monitoring Using Enterprise-Wide energy Management System  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Post-retrocommissioning HVAC Operations Monitoring Using Enterprise-wide Energy Management System Narendra Amarnani Project Manager Brian Roberts Section Manager County of Los Angeles – ISD Los Angeles, California, USA Howard Choy... earned a graduate degree from Cal Poly University, Pomona. He is a Certified Energy Manager, a LEED® AP, and a Certified Energy Plan Examiner. Brian’s is the Section Manager of the Systems Section within Energy Management Division. His...

Amarnani, N.; Roberts, B.; Choy, H.

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

310

Discussion of an Optimization Scheme for the Ground Source Heat Pump System of HVAC  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

ICEBO2006, Shenzhen, China Renewable Energy Resources and a Greener Future Vol.VIII-13-3 Discussion of an Optimization Scheme for the Ground Source Heat Pump System of HVAC Wei Mu Suilin Wang Shuyuan Pan Yongzheng Shi Master Student... the Jurisdiction of Beijing Municipality (BJE10016200511). REFERENCES [1]Rongguang Wang,Yufeng Zhang,Yang,Xiaotong Zheng. Study on Direct Use Of Geothermal Energy For Heating And Its Energy Efficency Effects [J]. ACTA ENERGIAE SOLARIS SINICA, 2002, 23...

Mu, W.; Wang, S.; Pan, S.; Shi, Y.

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

311

Comparative guide to emerging diagnostic tools for large commercial HVAC systems  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This guide compares emerging diagnostic software tools that aid detection and diagnosis of operational problems for large HVAC systems. We have evaluated six tools for use with energy management control system (EMCS) or other monitoring data. The diagnostic tools summarize relevant performance metrics, display plots for manual analysis, and perform automated diagnostic procedures. Our comparative analysis presents nine summary tables with supporting explanatory text and includes sample diagnostic screens for each tool.

Friedman, Hannah; Piette, Mary Ann

2001-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

312

Wavelet based artificial neural network applied for energy efficiency enhancement of decoupled HVAC system  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Control methodologies could lower energy demand and consumption of heating, ventilating and air conditioning (HVAC) systems and, simultaneously, achieve better comfort conditions. However, the application of classical controllers is unsatisfactory as HVAC systems are non-linear and the control variables such as temperature and relative humidity (RH) inside the thermal zone are coupled. The objective of this study is to develop and simulate a wavelet-based artificial neural network (WNN) for self tuning of a proportional-derivative (PD) controller for a decoupled bi-linear HVAC system with variable air volume and variable water flow responsible for controlling temperature and RH of a thermal zone, where thermal comfort and energy consumption of the system are evaluated. To achieve the objective, a WNN is used in series with an infinite impulse response (IIR) filter for faster and more accurate identification of system dynamics, as needed for on-line use and off-line batch mode training. The WNN-IIR algorithm is used for self-tuning of two PD controllers for temperature and RH. The simulation results show that the WNN-IIR controller performance is superior, as compared with classical PD controller. The enhancement in efficiency of the HVAC system is accomplished due to substantially lower consumption of energy during the transient operation, when the gain coefficients of PD controllers are tuned in an adaptive manner, as the steady state setpoints for temperature and RH are better reached in a shorter period of time. The multi-zone analyses are suggested for future work.

G. Jahedi; M.M. Ardehali

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

313

Development of an energy evaluation methodology to make multiple predictions of the HVAC&R system energy demand for office buildings  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract HVAC&R systems are the most energy consuming building services, representing approximately half of the final energy use in the building sector. Despite their significant energy use, there is a lack of a consistent and homogeneous framework to efficiently guide research, mainly due to the complexity and variety of HVAC&R systems, but also to insufficient rigor in their energy analysis. Quantifying the energy consumption characteristics of HVAC&R system is complicated, because the energy savings provided by this system depend on various factors. This research evaluates energy consumption characteristics of HVAC&R systems, with the aim of establishing a common idea for the analysis of building energy efficiency. The objective of this study is to develop an energy evaluation methodology and a simple simulation program that may be used by engineers and designers to assess the effectiveness and economic benefits of HVAC&R systems. Our approach deals with the concept of HVAC&R system energy use aggregation levels that are composed of subsystems. To carry out a techno-economical estimation of HVAC&R systems considering different types of subsystems, the matrix combination analyzed, and a total of 960 HVAC&R systems can be implemented for a large-scale office building. The methodology of energy analysis that was carried out in this study highlights how to plan and design toward utilizing the most effective HVAC&R systems.

Jinkyun Cho; Seungho Shin; Jonghurn Kim; Hiki Hong

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

314

Proposal for the award of a contract for the design, supply, installation and commissioning of an HVAC (Heating, Ventilation and Air Conditioning) system for Building 3862  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Proposal for the award of a contract for the design, supply, installation and commissioning of an HVAC (Heating, Ventilation and Air Conditioning) system for Building 3862

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

315

Proposal for the award of a contract for the design, supply, installation and commissioning of Heating, Ventilation and Air-Conditioning (HVAC) systems for the PS accelerator infrastructure  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Proposal for the award of a contract for the design, supply, installation and commissioning of Heating, Ventilation and Air-Conditioning (HVAC) systems for the PS accelerator infrastructure

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

316

Proposal to negotiate an amendment to an existing contract for the supply and installation of an HVAC system for the HIE-ISOLDE infrastructure  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Proposal to negotiate an amendment to an existing contract for the supply and installation of an HVAC system for the HIE-ISOLDE infrastructure

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

317

Proposal for the award of a contract for dismantling, removal and packaging of the existing Heating, Ventilation and Air-Conditioning (HVAC) systems in the PS tunnel  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Proposal for the award of a contract for dismantling, removal and packaging of the existing Heating, Ventilation and Air-Conditioning (HVAC) systems in the PS tunnel

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

318

Energy saving by integrated control of natural ventilation and HVAC systems using model guide for comparison  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Integrated control by controlling both natural ventilation and HVAC systems based on human thermal comfort requirement can result in significant energy savings. The concept of this paper differs from conventional methods of energy saving in HVAC systems by integrating the control of both these HVAC systems and the available natural ventilation that is based on the temperature difference between the indoor and the outdoor air. This difference affects the rate of change of indoor air enthalpy or indoor air potential energy storage. However, this is not efficient enough as there are other factors affecting the rate of change of indoor air enthalpy that should be considered to achieve maximum energy saving. One way of improvement can be through the use of model guide for comparison (MGFC) that uses physical-empirical hybrid modelling to predict the rate of change of indoor air potential energy storage considering building fabric and its fixture. Three methods (normal, conventional and proposed) are tested on an identical residential building model using predicted mean vote (PMV) sensor as a criterion test for thermal comfort standard. The results indicate that the proposed method achieved significant energy savings compared with the other methods while still achieving thermal comfort.

Raad Z. Homod; Khairul Salleh Mohamed Sahari; Haider A.F. Almurib

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

319

Distribution:  

Office of Legacy Management (LM)

JAN26 19% JAN26 19% Distribution: OR00 Attn: h.H.M.Roth DFMusser ITMM MMMann INS JCRyan FIw(2) Hsixele SRGustavson, Document rocm Formal file i+a@mmm bav@ ~@esiaw*cp Suppl. file 'Br & Div rf's s/health (lic.only) UNITED STATES ATOMIC ENERGY COMMISSION SPECIAL NUCLEAB MATERIAL LICENSE pursuant to the Atomic Energy Act of 1954 and Title 10, Code of Federal Regulations, Chapter 1, P&t 70, "Special Nuclear Material Reg)llatiqm," a license is hereby issued a$hortztng the licensee to rekeive and possess the special nuclear material designated below; to use such special nuclear mat&ial for the purpose(s) and at the place(s) designated below; and to transfer such material to per&s authorized to receive it in accordance with the regula,tions in said Part.

320

Improving efficiency of a vehicle HVAC system with comfort modeling, zonal design, and thermoelectric devices  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Discusses progress on thermal comfort modeling and detailed design, fabrication, and component/system-level testing of TE architecture

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "distributed te hvac" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


321

Magnetoluminescence of CdTe/MnTe/CdMgTe heterostructures with ultrathin MnTe layers  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

CdTe/MnTe/CdMgTe quantum-well structures with one or two monolayers of MnTe inserted at CdTe/CdMgTe interfaces were fabricated. The spectra of the excitonic luminescence from CdTe quantum wells and their variation with temperature indicate that introduction of ultrathin MnTe layers improves the interface quality. The effect of a magnetic field in the Faraday configuration on the spectral position of the exciton-emission peaks indicates that frustration of magnetic moments in one-monolayer MnTe insertions is weaker than in two-monolayer insertions. The effect of a magnetic field on the exciton localization can be explained in terms of the exciton wave-function shrinkage and obstruction of the photoexcited charge-carrier motion in the quantum well.

Agekyan, V. F., E-mail: vfag@rambler.ru [St. Petersburg State University, Fock Institute of Physics (Russian Federation); Holz, P. O. [Polish Academy of Sciences, Institute of Physics (Poland); Karczewski, G. [Linkoeping University (Sweden); Katz, V. N. [St. Petersburg State University, Fock Institute of Physics (Russian Federation); Moskalenko, E. S. [Russian Academy of Sciences, Ioffe Physical Technical Institute (Russian Federation); Serov, A. Yu.; Filosofov, N. G. [St. Petersburg State University, Fock Institute of Physics (Russian Federation)

2011-10-15T23:59:59.000Z

322

Energy Efficient HVAC System for Distributed Cooling/Heating with Thermoelectric Devices  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

2012 DOE Hydrogen and Fuel Cells Program and Vehicle Technologies Program Annual Merit Review and Peer Evaluation Meeting

323

Energy Efficient HVAC System for Distributed Cooling/Heating with Thermoelectric Devices  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

2013 DOE Hydrogen and Fuel Cells Program and Vehicle Technologies Program Annual Merit Review and Peer Evaluation Meeting

324

Integration of HVAC System Design with Simplified Duct Distribution- Building America Top Innovation  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

This Building America Innovations profile describes work by Building America research teams who field tested simplified duct designs in hundreds of homes, confirming the performance of short compact duct runs, with supply registers near interior walls.

325

Air filters from HVAC systems as possible source of volatile organic compounds (VOC) – laboratory and field assays  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The emission of volatile organic compounds (VOC) from air filters of HVAC systems was to be evaluated. In a first study carbonyl compounds (14 aldehydes and two ketones) were measured by reacting them with 2,4-dinitrophenylhydrazine (DNPH). Analysis was done by HPLC and UV detection. In laboratory experiments pieces of used and unused HVAC filters were incubated in test chambers. Filters to be investigated were taken from a filter bank of a large HVAC system in the centre of Berlin. First results show that – among those compounds – formaldehyde and acetone were found in higher concentrations in the test chambers filled with used filters in comparison to those with unused filters. Parallel field measurements were carried out at the prefilter and main filter banks of the two HVAC systems. Here measurements were carried out simultaneously before and after the filters to investigate whether those aldehydes or ketones arise from the filter material on site. Formaldehyde and acetone significantly increased in concentration after the filters of one HVAC system. In parallel experiments microorganisms were proved to be able to survive on air filters. Therefore, a possible source of formaldehyde and acetone might be microbes.

Hans Schleibinger; Henning Rüden

1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

326

CdTe/CdZnTe pixellated radiation detector.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??The work in this thesis is focused on the study of CdTe/CdZnTe pixellated detectors. During this research, three main aspects have been covered in the… (more)

Mohd Zain, Rasif

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

327

Weak topological insulators in PbTe/SnTe superlattices  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

It is desirable to realize topological phases in artificial structures by engineering electronic band structures. In this paper we investigate (PbTe)[subscript m](SnTe)[subscript 2n?m] superlattices along the [001] direction ...

Yang, Gang

328

Validation of a Building Simulation Tool Using Field Data for Three Identical Configuration Full-Serve Restaurants Using Different HVAC Systems  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A new building application for a pre-existing HVAC software tool which calculates the benefits of desiccant-assisted HVAC equipment versus the performance of a standard vapor-compression system is used to model the monitored results, see Yborra...

Brillhart, P. L.; Worek, W. M.

2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

329

EMS control chosen instead of refrigeration, HVAC upgrade  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A Wisconsin supermarket decided on the basis of costs to install an energy management system (EMS) to improve the store's energy efficiency rather than invest in new refrigerating equipment at this time. When the next remodeling occurs in two years, the store will purchase new equipment using energy savings from the EMS to help defray the costs. The store selected an EMS with distributed processing that can expand to control new equipment. It expects a 22% drop in energy bills and a two-year payback of the $50,000 investment. Details of the system's functions describe some of the 53 control points.

Watson, F.

1984-05-07T23:59:59.000Z

330

Te INCLUSIONS IN CdTe GROWN FROM A SLOWLY COOLED Te SOLUTION AND BY THE TRAVELLING SOLVENT METHOD  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

135 Te INCLUSIONS IN CdTe GROWN FROM A SLOWLY COOLED Te SOLUTION AND BY THE TRAVELLING SOLVENT. Abstract. 2014 CdTe crystals have been grown from a slowly cooled Te solution and with the travelling. Introduction. - CdTe crystals for nuclear radia- tion detectors are usually grown from a slowly cooled solution

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

331

Building America Best Practices Series Vol. 14: Energy Renovations - HVAC: A Guide for Contractors to Share with Homeowners  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

HVAC HVAC A Guide for Contractors to Share with Homeowners PREPARED BY Pacific Northwest National Laboratory & Oak Ridge National Laboratory August 2011 August 2011 * PNNL-20421 BUILDING AMERICA BEST PRACTICES SERIES VOLUME 14. R BUILDING AMERICA BEST PRACTICES SERIES Energy Renovations Volume 14: HVAC A Guide for Contractors to Share with Homeowners Prepared by Pacific Northwest National Laboratory Program Manager: Michael C. Baechler Theresa L. Gilbride, Michael C. Baechler, Marye G. Hefty, and James R. Hand and Oak Ridge National Laboratory Pat M. Love August 2011 Prepared for the U.S. Department of Energy Building America Program PNNL-20421 Pacific Northwest National Laboratory Richland, Washington 99352 Contract DE-AC05-76RLO 1830 This report was prepared as an account of work sponsored by an agency of the

332

HVAC filtration for controlling infectious airborne disease transmission in indoor environments: Predicting risk reductions and operational costs  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract This work describes and applies a methodology for estimating the impact of recirculating heating, ventilating, and air-conditioning (HVAC) particle filters on the control of size-resolved infectious aerosols in indoor environments using a modified version of the Wells-Riley model for predicting risks of infectious disease transmission. Estimates of risk reductions and associated operational costs of both HVAC filtration and equivalent outdoor air ventilation are modeled and compared using a case study of airborne transmission of influenza in a hypothetical office space. Overall, recirculating HVAC filtration was predicted to achieve risk reductions at lower costs of operation than equivalent levels of outdoor air ventilation, particularly for MERV 13–16 filters. Medium efficiency filtration products (MERV 7–11) are also inexpensive to operate but appear less effective in reducing infectious disease risks.

Parham Azimi; Brent Stephens

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

333

HVAC systems in the current stock of U. S. K-12 schools. Final report, May 91-Mar 92  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The report summarizes information on heating, ventilating, and air-conditioning (HVAC) systems commonly found in U.S. school buildings and the effect that operating these systems has on indoor radon levels. The report describes the ability of various HVAC systems to pressurize and ventilate classroom spaces, how they operate, and how they are controlled. Some information is given to compare systems from the standpoint of energy use, cost, and their ability to maintain stable levels of static pressure in classrooms and/or to adequately ventilate the spaces. There do not appear to be any well defined trends in types of HVAC systems involved in current school building construction and modification. Systems looked at include those using reheat and/or mixing, unit ventilators (UVs), and two-fan, dual-duct variable air volume (VAV) systems.

Parker, J.D.

1992-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

334

Optimizing Distributed Energy Resources and Building Retrofits with the Strategic DER-CAModel  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Optimised Scheduling of a Solar-Assisted HVAC System withand solar- To be published in APPLIED ENERGY assisted HVAC

Stadler, Michael

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

335

Warming impact on energy use of HVAC system in buildings of different thermal qualities and in different climates  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract In order to combat climate change, energy use in the building must be further reduced. Heating ventilation and air conditioning (HVAC) systems in residential buildings account for considerable fraction of global energy consumption. The potential contribution the domestic sector can make in reducing energy consumption is recognized worldwide. The driving energy of \\{HVACs\\} depends on the thermal quality of the building envelope (TQBE) and outside temperature. Definitely, building regulations are changing with the time toward reduce the thermal loads of buildings. However, most of the existing residential buildings were built to lower TQBE. For instant, 72% of residential dwellings in the 15-EU were built before 1972. To investigate the impact of warming on driving energy of \\{HVACs\\} of a residential building a computer model was developed. Three climate categories/cities were considered, i.e. Stockholm (cold), Istanbul (mild), and Doha (hot). In each city, two buildings were modeled: one was assumed to be built according to the current local buildings regulations (standard TQBE), while the anther was built to lower TQBE. The simulations were run for present and future (in 2050) outdoor designing conditions. The calculations show that the impact of the warming on annual driving energy of \\{HVACs\\} (reduction or increase) depends very much on the climate category and on the TQBE. Based on the climate and TQBE, the change in annual \\{HVACs\\} energy varies from ?7.4% (in cold climate) to 12.7% (in hot climate). In mild climate, it was shown that the warming does not have significant impact on annual \\{HVACs\\} energy. Improving the TQBE can mitigate the impact of the warming.

Mohamad Kharseh; Lobna Altorkmany; Mohammed Al-Khawaj; Ferri Hassani

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

336

Building America Expert Meeting Report: Transitioning Traditional HVAC Contractors to Whole House Performance Contractors  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Transitioning Transitioning Traditional HVAC Contractors to Whole House Performance Contractors Arlan Burdick IBACOS, Inc. October 2011 NOTICE This report was prepared as an account of work sponsored by an agency of the United States government. Neither the United States government nor any agency thereof, nor any of their employees, makes any warranty, express or implied, or assumes any legal liability or responsibility for the accuracy, completeness, or usefulness of any information, apparatus, product, or process disclosed, or represents that its use would not infringe privately owned rights. Reference herein to any specific commercial product, process, or service by trade name, trademark, manufacturer, or otherwise does not necessarily constitute or imply its endorsement, recommendation,

337

Methodology to Analyze the Sensitivity of Building Energy Consumption to HVAC System Sensor Error  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Siemens TR 200/300 1 yr. (Siemens) GE Sensing Telaire 7000 1 yr.(GE-B,2011) 2.5.2 Pressure Sensors Based on the review of the manufacturers? specification literature, the most commonly used pressure sensors in HVAC systems are piezoresistive pressure... divided by the pump efficiency. Wpump=Wfluid/Effpump (42) Wpump(hp)=V(gal/min) ?Ptotal(ft-H2O)/(3960(gal-ft/min-hp)*Effpump) (43) The total pressure drop through the piping system includes the difference in static pressure of the inlet and outlet...

Ma, Liang

2012-02-14T23:59:59.000Z

338

Self-Correcting HVAC Controls: Algorithms for Sensors and Dampers in Air-Handling Units  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This report documents the self-correction algorithms developed in the Self-Correcting Heating, Ventilating and Air-Conditioning (HVAC) Controls project funded jointly by the Bonneville Power Administration and the Building Technologies Program of the U.S. Department of Energy. The algorithms address faults for temperature sensors, humidity sensors, and dampers in air-handling units and correction of persistent manual overrides of automated control systems. All faults considered create energy waste when left uncorrected as is frequently the case in actual systems.

Fernandez, Nicholas; Brambley, Michael R.; Katipamula, Srinivas

2009-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

339

COMPARATIVE STUDY AMONG HYBRID GROUND SOURCE HEAT PUMP SYSTEM, COMPLETE GROUND SOURCE HEAT PUMP AND CONVENTIONAL HVAC SYSTEM  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In this paper, a hotel with hybrid geothermal heat pump system (HyGSHP) in the Pensacola is selected and simulated by the transient simulation software package TRNSYS [1]. To verify the simulation results, the validations are conducted by using the monthly average entering water temperature, monthly facility consumption data, and etc. And three types of HVAC systems are compared based on the same building model and HVAC system capacity. The results are presented to show the advantages and disadvantages of HyGSHP compared with the other two systems in terms of energy consumptions, life cycle cost analysis.

Jiang Zhu; Yong X. Tao

2011-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

340

Energy efficient control of HVAC systems with ice cold thermal energy storage  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract In heating, ventilation and air conditioning (HVAC) systems of medium/high cooling capacity, energy demands can be matched with the help of thermal energy storage (TES) systems. If properly designed, TES systems can reduce energy costs and consumption, equipment size and pollutant emissions. In order to design efficient control strategies for TES systems, we present a model-based approach with the aim of increasing the performance of HVAC systems with ice cold thermal energy storage (CTES). A simulation environment based on Matlab/Simulink® is developed, where thermal behaviour of the plant is analysed by a lumped formulation of the conservation equations. In particular, the ice CTES is modelled as a hybrid system, where the water phase transitions (solid–melting–liquid and liquid–freezing–solid) are described by combining continuous and discrete dynamics, thus considering both latent and sensible heat. Standard control strategies are compared with a non-linear model predictive control (NLMPC) approach. In the simulation examples model predictive control proves to be the best control solution for the efficient management of ice CTES systems.

Alessandro Beghi; Luca Cecchinato; Mirco Rampazzo; Francesco Simmini

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "distributed te hvac" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


341

Combining HVAC energy conservation measures to achieve energy savings over standard requirements  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract This paper presents the energy savings over the minimum American Society of Heating Refrigeration and Air-Conditioning Engineers (ASHRAE) Standard 90.1-2010 requirements due to the combination of two or three HVAC energy conservation measures using EnergyPlus simulation software. Prototype commercial building models, which satisfy the requirements of ASHRAE Standard 90.1-2010 were used as base-cases. Five prototype commercial buildings, eight HVAC systems, and eight climate zones were considered. Four cases were studied for the combination: energy recovery ventilation (ERV) and demand control ventilation (DCV); ERV and Multiple-zone variable air volume (VAV) System Ventilation Optimization (VentOpt); ERV, DCV and VentOpt; and Single Zone VAV controls, and kitchen transfer air. Of the four cases studied, the integration of ERV and DCV, which was applied to primary school and standalone retail prototype buildings, provided a maximum savings of 1.93% and 8.10% respectively compared to the base-cases.

Teshome Edae Jiru

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

342

HVAC Design Strategy for a Hot-Humid Production Builder, Houston, Texas (Fact Sheet)  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

BSC worked directly with the David Weekley Homes - Houston division to redesign three floor plans in order to locate the HVAC system in conditioned space. The purpose of this project is to develop a cost effective design for moving the HVAC system into conditioned space. In addition, BSC conducted energy analysis to calculate the most economical strategy for increasing the energy performance of future production houses. This is in preparation for the upcoming code changes in 2015. The builder wishes to develop an upgrade package that will allow for a seamless transition to the new code mandate. The following research questions were addressed by this research project: 1. What is the most cost effective, best performing and most easily replicable method of locating ducts inside conditioned space for a hot-humid production home builder that constructs one and two story single family detached residences? 2. What is a cost effective and practical method of achieving 50% source energy savings vs. the 2006 International Energy Conservation Code for a hot-humid production builder? 3. How accurate are the pre-construction whole house cost estimates compared to confirmed post construction actual cost? BSC and the builder developed a duct design strategy that employs a system of dropped ceilings and attic coffers for moving the ductwork from the vented attic to conditioned space. The furnace has been moved to either a mechanical closet in the conditioned living space or a coffered space in the attic.

Not Available

2014-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

343

Report on HVAC option selections for a relocatable classroom energy and indoor environmental quality field study  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

It is commonly assumed that efforts to simultaneously develop energy efficient building technologies and to improve indoor environmental quality (IEQ) are unfeasible. The primary reason for this is that IEQ improvements often require additional ventilation that is costly from an energy standpoint. It is currently thought that health and productivity in work and learning environments requires adequate, if not superior, IEQ. Despite common assumptions, opportunities do exist to design building systems that provide improvements in both energy efficiency and IEQ. This report outlines the selection of a heating, ventilation, and air conditioning (HVAC) system to be used in demonstrating such an opportunity in a field study using relocatable school classrooms. Standard classrooms use a common wall mounted heat pump HVAC system. After reviewing alternative systems, a wall-mounting indirect/direct evaporative cooling system with an integral hydronic gas heating is selected. The anticipated advantages of this system include continuous ventilation of 100 percent outside air at or above minimum standards, projected cooling energy reductions of about 70 percent, inexpensive gas heating, improved airborne particle filtration, and reduced peak load electricity use. Potential disadvantages include restricted climate regions and possible increases in indoor relative humidity levels under some conditions.

Apte, Michael G.; Delp, Woody W.; Diamond, Richard C.; Hodgson, Alfred T.; Kumar, Satish; Rainer, Leo I.; Shendell, Derek G.; Sullivan, Doug P.; Fisk, William J.

2001-10-11T23:59:59.000Z

344

Combined solar and internal load effects on selection of heat reclaim-economizer HVAC systems  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The concern for energy conservation has led to the development and use of heat recovery systems which reclaim the building internal heat before it is discarded in the exhaust air. On the other hand, economizer cycles have been widely used for many years in a variety of types of HVAC systems. Economizer cycles are widely accepted as a means to reduce operating time for chilling equipment when cool outside air is available. It has been suggested that heat reclaim systems should not be used in conjunction with an HVAC system which incorporates an economizer cycle because the economizer operation would result in heat being exhausted which might have been recovered. Others suggest that the economizer cycle can be used economically in a heat recovery system if properly controlled to maintain an overall building heat balance. This study looks at potential energy savings of such combined systems with particular emphasis on the effects of the solar load (amount of glass) and the internal load level (lights, people, appliances, etc.). For systems without thermal storage, annual energy savings of up to 60 percent are predicted with the use of heat reclaim systems in conjunction with economizers when the heat reclaim has priority. These results demonstrate the necessity of complete engineering evaluations if proper selection and operation of combined heat recovery and economizer cycles are to be obtained. This paper includes the basic methodology for making such evaluations.

Sauer, H.J. Jr.; Howell, R.H.; Wang, Z. (Missouri Univ., Rolla, MO (USA). Dept. of Mechanical Engineering)

1990-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

345

Neuro-optimal operation of a variable air volume HVAC&R system  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Low operational efficiency especially under partial load conditions and poor control are some reasons for high energy consumption of heating, ventilation, air conditioning and refrigeration (HVAC&R) systems. To improve energy efficiency, HVAC&R systems should be efficiently operated to maintain a desired indoor environment under dynamic ambient and indoor conditions. This study proposes a neural network based optimal supervisory operation strategy to find the optimal set points for chilled water supply temperature, discharge air temperature and VAV system fan static pressure such that the indoor environment is maintained with the least chiller and fan energy consumption. To achieve this objective, a dynamic system model is developed first to simulate the system behavior under different control schemes and operating conditions. A multi-layer feed forward neural network is constructed and trained in unsupervised mode to minimize the cost function which is comprised of overall energy cost and penalty cost when one or more constraints are violated. After training, the network is implemented as a supervisory controller to compute the optimal settings for the system. Simulation results show that compared to the conventional night reset operation scheme, the optimal operation scheme saves around 10% energy under full load condition and 19% energy under partial load conditions.

Min Ning; M. Zaheeruddin

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

346

ETME 422 -REFRIGERATION & HVAC SYSTEMS FALL 2011 LEC -10:00 -10:50am M W F RH 312  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

-1209(h) Office Hours: M-F 1-2p.m. Text: Heating, Ventilating, and Air Conditioning - Analysis and Design. -- Refrigeration and heating, ventilating and air-conditioning (HVAC) for comfort and industrial applications of the fundamentals of Heating, Ventilating, Air Conditioning, and Refrigeration as they relate to human comfort

Dyer, Bill

347

Building America Best Practices Series Vol. 14: Energy Renovations- HVAC: A Guide for Contractors to Share with Homeowners  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

This guide, which is part of a series of Best Practices guides produced by DOE’s Building America program, describes ways homeowners can reduce their energy costs and improve the comfort, health, and safety of their homes by upgrading their heating, ventilation, and air conditioning (HVAC) equipment.

348

Proper Setup of HVAC System in Conjunction with Sound Building 'Skin' Design for Alleviation of IAQ and Energy Performance Problems  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

climates, not only because of the loss of energy, but also because of damage that can result to insulation, drywall, and structure in addition to promotion of mold and mildew growth. Proper setup of the HVAC system, in conjunction with sound building “skin...

Rosenberg, M.

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

349

Simulation of energy performance of underfloor air distribution (UFAD) systems  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

13   Table 7. Summary of UFAD HVAC EUI and percen tagethe HVAC component energy use intensity (EUI) results. Theis site-based annual HVAC EUI (kBtu/ft 2 /yr). Two baseline

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

350

Luminescence Enhancement of CdTe Nanostructures in LaF3:Ce/CdTe...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Enhancement of CdTe Nanostructures in LaF3:CeCdTe Nanocomposites. Luminescence Enhancement of CdTe Nanostructures in LaF3:CeCdTe Nanocomposites. Abstract: Radiation detection...

351

Investigation of IAQ-Relevant Surface Chemistry and Emissions on HVAC Filter Materials  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Chemical reactions involving ozone of outdoor origin and indoor materials are known to be significant sources of formaldehyde and other irritant gas-phase oxidation products in the indoor environment. HVAC filters are exposed to particularly high ozone concentrations--close to outdoor levels. In this study, we investigated chemical processes taking place on the surface of filters that included fiberglass, polyester, cotton/polyester blend and synthetic (e.g., polyolefin) filter media. Ozone reactions were studied on unused filter media, and on filters that were deployed for 3 months in two different locations: at the Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory and at the Port of Oakland. Specimens from each filter were exposed to ozone under controlled conditions in a laboratory flow tube at a constant flow of dry or humidified air (50percent relative humidity). Ozone was generated with a UV source upstream of the flow tube, and monitored using a photometric detector. Ozone breakthrough curves were recorded for each sample exposed to ~;;150 ppbv O3 for periods of ~;;1000 min, from which we estimated their uptake rate. Most experiments were performed at 1.3 L/min (corresponding to a face velocity of 0.013 m/s), except for a few tests performed at a higher airflow rate, to obtain a face velocity of 0.093 m/s, slightly closer to HVAC operation conditions. Formaldehyde and acetaldehyde, two oxidation byproducts, were collected downstream of the filter and quantified. Emissions of these volatile aldehydes were consistently higher under humidified air than under dry conditions, at which levels were near the limit of detection. Our results confirm that there are significant reactions of ozone as air containing ozone flows through HVAC filters, particularly when the filters are loaded with particles and the air is humidified. The amount of ozone reacted was not clearly related to the types of filter media, e.g., fiberglass versus synthetic. Specific fiberglass filters that were coated with an impaction oil showed significantly higher formaldehyde emissions than most other samples. Those emissions were magnified in the presence of particles (i.e., in used filters), and were observed even in the absence of ozone, which suggests that hydrolysis of filter binder or tackifier additives may be the reason for those high emissions. Mass balance calculations indicate that the emission rates of formaldehyde and acetaldehyde from the filters are generally not large enough to substantially increase indoor formaldehyde or acetaldehyde concentrations.

Destaillats, Hugo; Fisk, William J.

2010-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

352

HVAC Program  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

to support our goal of achieving regional efficiency targets. Commercial Ductless Heat Pumps A new BPA Qualified measure has been available since April 2011. The measure...

353

Dust loading on electrostatitically charged filters in a standard test and a real HVAC system  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The efficiency and pressure drop of filters made from synthetic fibres carrying electrostatic charges and filters made from uncharged glass fibres were measured repeatedly for more than 19 weeks in operating HVAC systems. Results showed efficiency reductions as large as 40% for the filters made from charged fibres whereas the efficiency of filters made from uncharged fibres changed little. Clean filters were sent to a testing laboratory for efficiency measurements according to ASHRAE Standard 52.2-1999. When the filters experienced accelerated dust loading according to the ASHRAE procedure, the efficiency of both the glass and synthetic fibre filters increased. Efficiency reductions like those observed for the charged filters during actual use were not replicated by this standard test.

Peter C. Raynor; Soo Jae Chae

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

354

Impact of HVAC filter on indoor air quality in terms of ozone removal and carbonyls generation  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract This study aims at detecting ozone removal rates and corresponding carbonyls generated by ozone reaction with HVAC filters from various building, i.e., shopping mall, school, and office building. Studies were conducted in a small-scale environmental chamber. By examining dust properties including organic carbon proportion and specific surface area of dusts adsorbed on filters along with ozone removal rates and carbonyls generation rate, the relationship among dust properties, ozone removal rates, and carbonyls generation was identified. The results indicate a well-defined positive correlation between ozone removal efficiency and carbonyls generation on filters, as well as a positive correlation among the mass of organic carbon on filters, ozone removal efficiency and carbonyls generations.

Chi-Chi Lin; Hsuan-Yu Chen

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

355

Can ASHRAE Standard 62-1989 Requirements be Satisfied while Maintaining Moisture Control using Stock HVAC Equipment in Hot, Humid Climates?  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

increase latent loads more than sensible loads, requiring lower sensible heat ratios. Stock HVAC package units and split systems are not available with the requisite sensible heat ratios, and cannot maintain moisture control in small commercial buildings...

Turner, S. C.

1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

356

Continuous Energy Management of the HVAC&R System in an Office Building System Operation and Energy Consumption for the Eight Years after Building Completion  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The authors continuously studied the energy consumption of a heating, ventilating, air- conditioning and refrigerating (HVAC&R) system in an office for the operation of the system in terms of its expected performance. A fault in the system control...

Akashi, Y.; Shinozaki, M.; Kusuda, R.; Ito, S.

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

357

TE Connectivity Finds Answers in Tomography  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

TE Connectivity Finds Answers in Tomography TE Connectivity Finds Answers in Tomography Print Thursday, 22 August 2013 10:50 TE Connectivity is a world leader in connectivity-the...

358

Market assessment for active solar heating and cooling products. Category B: a survey of decision-makers in the HVAC marketplace. Final report  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A comprehensive evaluation of the market for solar heating and cooling products for new and retrofit markets is reported. The emphasis is on the analysis of solar knowledge among HVAC decision makers and a comprehensive evaluation of their solar attitudes and behavior. The data from each of the following sectors are described and analyzed: residential consumers, organizational and manufacturing buildings, HVAC engineers and architects, builders/developers, and commercial/institutional segments. (MHR)

None

1980-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

359

Diffuse TeV Emission at the Galactic Centre  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The High-Energy Stereoscopic System (HESS) has detected intense diffuse TeV emission correlated with the distribution of molecular gas along the galactic ridge at the centre of our Galaxy. Earlier HESS observations of this region had already revealed the presence of several point sources at these energies, one of them (HESS J1745-290) coincident with the supermassive black hole Sagittarius A*. It is still not entirely clear what the origin of the TeV emission is, nor even whether it is due to hadronic or leptonic interactions. It is reasonable to suppose, however, that at least for the diffuse emission, the tight correlation of the intensity distribution with the molecular gas indicates a pionic-decay process involving relativistic protons. In this paper, we explore the possible source(s) of energetic hadrons at the galactic centre, and their propagation through a turbulent medium. We conclude that though Sagittarius A* itself may be the source of cosmic rays producing the emission in HESS J1745-290, it cannot be responsible for the diffuse emission farther out. A distribution of point sources, such as pulsar wind nebulae dispersed along the galactic plane, similarly do not produce a TeV emission profile consistent with the HESS map. We conclude that only a relativistic proton distribution accelerated throughout the inter-cloud medium can account for the TeV emission profile measured with HESS.

Elizabeth Wommer; Fulvio Melia; Marco Fatuzzo

2008-04-18T23:59:59.000Z

360

Use of EMCS Recorded Data to Identify Potential Savings Due to Improved HVAC Operations & Maintenance (O&M)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Use of EMCS Recorded Data to Identify Potential Savings Due to Improved HVAC Operations & Maintenance(O&M) Mingsheng Liu, Yeqiao Zhu, and David Claridge Energy Systems Laboratory Texas A&M University ABSTRACT In most chiller and boiler central... and cooling energy consumption using an appropriate model [Liu 1995, Liu and Claridge 19951 with the bin weather data for each building. Step 5: Calculate the campus consumption as the sum of consumption of all buildings. Step 6: Compare the simulated...

Liu, M.; Zhu, Y.; Claridge, D. E.

1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "distributed te hvac" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


361

Capability of air filters to retain airborne bacteria and molds in heating, ventilating and air-conditioning (HVAC) systems  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The capability of air filters (filterclass: F6, F7) to retain airborne outdoor microorganisms was examined in field experiments in two heating, ventilating and air conditioning (HVAC) systems. At the beginning of the 15-month investigation period, the first filter stages of both HVAC systems were equipped with new unused air filters. The number of airborne bacteria and molds before and behind the filters were determined simultaneously in 14 days-intervals using 6-stage Andersen cascade impactors. Under relatively dry ( 12 °C) outdoor air conditions air filters led to a marked reduction of airborne microorganism concentrations (bacteria by approximately 70 % and molds by > 80 %). However, during long periods of high relative humidity (> 80 % R. H.) a proliferation of bacteria on air filters with subsequent release into the filtered air occured. These microorganisms were mainly smaller than 1.1 ?m therefore being part of the respirable fraction. The results showed furthermore that one possibility to avoid microbial proliferation is to limit the relative humidity in the area of the air filters to 80 % R. H. (mean of 3 days), e. g. by using preheaters in front of air filters in HVAC-systems.

Martin Möritz; Hans Peters; Bettina Nipko; Hennin Rüden

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

362

Performance analysis of supply and return fans for HVAC systems under different operating strategies of economizer dampers  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

HVAC systems and associated equipment consume a relatively large fraction of total building energy consumption, a significant portion of which is attributed to fan operation. The operation of economizer dampers when installed can cause high energy consumption in fans if they are not functioning in proper and optimal manner. This will mainly be due to the potential high pressure drops through those dampers and associated high total pressures that should be developed by supply and/or return fans. It is then necessary to ensure that a proper strategy to operate optimally the economizer dampers is implemented with minimum fan energy use. The paper examines several operation strategies of the economizer dampers and investigates their effects on the performance of both the supply and return fans in HVAC system. It also discusses a new operating strategy for economizer dampers that can lead to lower fan energy use. The strategies are evaluated by simulations for a typically existing HVAC system. Several factors such as the building locations, system characteristics, resistance in the duct where the dampers are installed, supply air temperature and economizer control, and minimum ventilation requirements are also considered during the evaluations. The results show that the way of the economizer dampers been controlled has a significant effect on fan performance and its energy use. The proposed strategy if properly implemented can provide fan energy saving in the range of 5–30%, depending mainly on the number of hours when the system operates in the free cooling mode, damper characteristics, and minimum outdoor air.

Nabil Nassif

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

363

Strategy Guideline: Compact Air Distribution Systems  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This Strategy Guideline discusses the benefits and challenges of using a compact air distribution system to handle the reduced loads and reduced air volume needed to condition the space within an energy efficient home. Traditional systems sized by 'rule of thumb' (i.e., 1 ton of cooling per 400 ft2 of floor space) that 'wash' the exterior walls with conditioned air from floor registers cannot provide appropriate air mixing and moisture removal in low-load homes. A compact air distribution system locates the HVAC equipment centrally with shorter ducts run to interior walls, and ceiling supply outlets throw the air toward the exterior walls along the ceiling plane; alternatively, high sidewall supply outlets throw the air toward the exterior walls. Potential drawbacks include resistance from installing contractors or code officials who are unfamiliar with compact air distribution systems, as well as a lack of availability of low-cost high sidewall or ceiling supply outlets to meet the low air volumes with good throw characteristics. The decision criteria for a compact air distribution system must be determined early in the whole-house design process, considering both supply and return air design. However, careful installation of a compact air distribution system can result in lower material costs from smaller equipment, shorter duct runs, and fewer outlets; increased installation efficiencies, including ease of fitting the system into conditioned space; lower loads on a better balanced HVAC system, and overall improved energy efficiency of the home.

Burdick, A.

2013-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

364

Measurement of distributions sensitive to the underlying event in inclusive Z-boson production in \\(pp\\) collisions at \\(\\sqrt{s}=7\\) TeV with the ATLAS detector  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A measurement of charged-particle distributions sensitive to the properties of the underlying event is presented for an inclusive sample of events containing a $$Z$$ ...

G. Aad; B. Abbott; J. Abdallah; S. Abdel Khalek…

2014-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

365

IR spectroscopy of lattice vibrations and comparative analysis of the ZnTe/CdTe quantum-dot superlattices on the GaAs substrate and with the ZnTe and CdTe buffer layers  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A comparative analysis of multiperiod ZnTe/CdTe superlattices with the CdTe quantum dots grown by molecular beam epitaxy on the GaAs substrate with the ZnTe and CdTe buffer layers is carried out. The elastic-stress-induced shifts of eigenfrequencies of the modes of the CdTe- and ZnTe-like vibrations of materials forming similar superlattices but grown on different buffer ZnTe and CdTe layers are compared. The conditions of formation of quantum dots in the ZnTe/CdTe superlattices on the ZnTe and CdTe buffer layers differ radically.

Kozyrev, S. P. [Russian Academy of Sciences, Lebedev Institute of Physics (Russian Federation)], E-mail: skozyrev@sci.lebedev.ru

2009-07-15T23:59:59.000Z

366

CdTe-Cu(OH){sub 2} nanocomposite: Aqueous synthesis and characterization  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

CdTe-Cu(OH){sub 2} nanocomposites were synthesized in aqueous solution by a seed-mediated growth approach. The effect of refluxing time and the concentration of Cu{sup 2+} on the preparation of these samples were measured using UV-visible absorption and photoluminescence analysis. The emission peak of the synthesized nanocomposites (CdTe-Cu(OH){sub 2}) was shifted from 605 (CdTe seed) to 621 nm. The size of CdTe nanoparticles were averaged about 3.22 nm, and the CdTe-Cu(OH){sub 2} nanocomposites were averaged as 5.19 nm. The synthesized CdTe-Cu(OH){sub 2} nanocomposite were characterized with XRD, EDAX, TEM, FT-IR, EPR, and thermal analysis (TG/DTG curves). The results indicate that as-prepared nanoparticles with core/shell structure exhibit interesting optical properties. -- Graphical Abstract: Schematic of aqueous synthesis route for CdTe-Cu(OH){sub 2} nanocomposite and The Stokes shift of CdTe nanocrystals and CdTe-Cu(OH){sub 2} Nanocomposites, (CdTe: emission at 605 nm, CdTe-Cu(OH){sub 2}: emission at 621 nm). Display Omitted Highlights: {yields} CdTe-Cu(OH){sub 2} nanocomposites were synthesized by a seed-mediated growth approach. {yields} The synthetic procedure is simple, and can be easily scaled up. {yields} The effect of refluxing time on the preparation of these samples was measured. {yields} The Cu(OH){sub 2} shell thickness was controlled by the amount of Cu in the solution. {yields} TEM images demonstrated homogeneous size distribution for these nanocomposites.

Abd El-sadek, M.S., E-mail: el_sadek_99@yahoo.co [Nanomaterial Laboratory, Physics Department, Faculty of Science, South Valley University, Qena 83523 (Egypt); Crystal Growth Centre, Anna University Chennai, Chennai 600025 (India); Moorthy Babu, S. [Crystal Growth Centre, Anna University Chennai, Chennai 600025 (India)

2011-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

367

CONTRIBUTION TO THE DETERMINATION OF DEEP TRAPPING LEVELS IN HIGH RESISTIVITY FILMS OF n-TYPE CdTe  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

-TYPE CdTe C. LHERMITTE, D. CARLES and C. VAUTIER Laboratoire de Physique des couches minces, Faculté des conduction à l'obscurité et de la photoconductivité des couches minces de CdTe de type n nous permet de and the photoconductivity of n-type CdTe films enables us to emphasize the existence of a distribution of traps located

Boyer, Edmond

368

Promoting high efficiency residential HVAC equipment: Lessons learned from leading utility programs  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Consortium for Energy Efficiency recently sponsored a study of leading electric utility efforts to promote high efficiency residential HVAC equipment. Given growing concerns from some utilities about the level of expenditures associated with rebate programs, special emphasis was placed on assessing the success of financing and other non-rebate options for promoting efficiency. Emphasis was also placed on review of efforts--rebate or otherwise--to push the market to very high levels of efficiency (i.e., SEER 13). This paper presents the results of the study. It includes discussion of key lessons from the utility programs analyzed. It also examines program participation rates and other potential indicators of market impacts. One notable conclusion is that several utility programs have pushed market shares for SEER 12 equipment to about 50% (the national average is less than 20%). At least one utility program has achieved a 50% market share for SEER 13 equipment (the national average is less than 3%). In general, financing does not appear to have as broad an appeal as consumer rebates. However, one unique utility program which combines the other of customer financing with modest incentives to contractors--in the form of frequent seller points that can be redeemed for advertising, technician training, travel and other merchandise--offers some promise that high participation rates can be achieved without customer rebates.

Neme, C.; Peters, J.; Rouleau, D.

1998-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

369

Predicting the energy use and operation cost of HVAC air filters  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A model has been developed to predict the energy efficiency and annual operation cost for filters installed in an HVAC air handling system using filter data from standard ASHRAE 52.2-2007 filter tests. Thirty filters from six manufacturers were investigated to determine the most energy efficient and cost effective filtration solutions for an airport installation in Vancouver, Canada. A comparison of the output of the proposed model with the ‘kep’ and Wattage methods was performed to highlight the possible differences in filter choice that would be made using alternative approaches. The outcomes have been shown to differ due to data not incorporated in the older models such as filtration efficiency and particulate concentration. The sensitivity of filter cost to model parameters was also studied. It was found that the concentration of particles in the air stream and the cost of electricity had the largest effect on annual cost of operation. Increasing the concentration of particles in the air stream increases the cost of operating the filter and causes the installation of a prefilter upstream of the primary filter to be more economically attractive. Increasing electricity cost also increases the operation cost but has the reverse effect on attractiveness of prefilter installations.

James F. Montgomery; Sheldon I. Green; Steven N. Rogak; Karen Bartlett

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

370

Airflow regulation in variable-speed systems for residential HVAC applications  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In the majority of heating, ventilating, and air-conditioning (HVAC) systems, air is the final medium for adding or extracting heat from or to the space to be air conditioned. Air is heated by passing it over a heat transfer device called a coil, which is a heat exchanger with air on the outside and the primary heating/cooling medium (water, steam, electricity, refrigerant, etc.) on the inside. One of the major factors determining heat transfer is the airflow rate, which can be controlled by mechanical means or by controlling the speed of the fan. Centrifugal fans driven by single-speed induction motors traditionally have been used in the JVAC industry but have an airflow characteristic that depends on the static pressure seen by the system. Variable-speed systems are starting to emerge as a strong alternative to traditional systems because of their ability to match the demand of the air-conditioned space, resulting in higher efficiencies and higher comfort. System efficiency can be improved by constraining the range of airflows provided by the fan or blower system in response to system pressure, that is, by controlling the airflow over the heat exchanger. This paper presents a method to regulate airflow independent of the static pressure and without the need for airflow sensors.

Becerra, R.C.; Beifus, B.L. [General Electric Co., Fort Wayne, IN (United States)

1996-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

371

A comparative study on energy consumption for HVAC systems of high-tech \\{FABs\\}  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The unique system dynamics of five different HVAC designs including the RCU (recirculation air unit) system, the MAU (make-up air unit) + RCU system, the MAU + RCU + FCU (fan coil unit) system, the MAU + axial fan system, and the MAU + FFU (fan-filter unit) system for a typical 200 mm DRAM wafer fabrication plant are discussed and compared. The energy performances of the RCU system, the MAU + RCU system, the MAU + RCU + FCU system, and the MAU + axial fan system are 3.8, 1.19, 1.12 and 1.08, respectively, folds that of the most efficient MAU + FFU system. The MAU + axial fan system exhibits slight less efficient in energy performance, compared with the MAU + FFU system. The most influential factor on energy performance between these two systems is the design of the noise abatement system, especially the pressure drop of the silencer, which dominates almost half of the internal static pressure of axial fan. When the static pressure of silencer of the MAU + axial fan system is reduced to 50 Pa, energy consumption of these two systems is comparable. Bypassing a certain portion of FAB return air to mix with make-up air can maximally reduce 50% of energy consumption of the RCU system.

Shih-Cheng Hu; Jhy-Ming Tsao

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

372

Real-time observation of nanoscale topological transitions in epitaxial PbTe/CdTe heterostructures  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The almost completely immiscible PbTe/CdTe heterostructure has recently become a prototype system for self-organized quantum dot formation based on solid-state phase separation. Here, we study by real-time transmission electron microscopy the topological transformations of two-dimensional PbTe-epilayers into, first, a quasi-one-dimensional percolation network and subsequently into zero-dimensional quantum dots. Finally, the dot size distribution coarsens by Ostwald ripening. The whole transformation sequence occurs during all stages in the fully coherent solid state by bulk diffusion. A model based on the numerical solution of the Cahn-Hilliard equation reproduces all relevant morphological and dynamic aspects of the experiments, demonstrating that this standard continuum approach applies to coherent solids down to nanometer dimensions. As the Cahn-Hilliard equation does not depend on atomistic details, the observed morphological transformations are general features of the model. To confirm the topological nature of the observed shape transitions, we developed a parameter-free geometric model. This, together with the Cahn-Hilliard approach, is in qualitative agreement with the experiments.

Groiss, H., E-mail: heiko.groiss@jku.at, E-mail: istvan.daruka@jku.at; Daruka, I., E-mail: heiko.groiss@jku.at, E-mail: istvan.daruka@jku.at; Springholz, G.; Schäffler, F. [Institute of Semiconductor and Solid State Physics, Johannes Kepler University, Linz 4040 (Austria); Koike, K.; Yano, M. [Nanomaterials Microdevices Research Center, Osaka Institute of Technology, Asahi-ku Ohmiya, Osaka 535-8585 (Japan); Hesser, G. [Center for Surface- and Nanoanalytics (ZONA), Johannes Kepler University, Linz 4040 (Austria); Zakharov, N.; Werner, P. [Max Planck Institute of Microstructure Physics, Halle 06120 (Germany)

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

373

Upconversion Luminescence of CdTe Nanoparticles. | EMSL  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

of CdTe Nanoparticles. Upconversion Luminescence of CdTe Nanoparticles. Abstract: Efficient upconversion luninescence is observed from CdTe nanoparticles in solution and...

374

Diffusion of Te vacancy and interstitials of Te, Cl, O, S, P and Sb in CdTe: A density functional theory study  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Diffusion of Te vacancy and interstitials of Te, Cl, O, S, P and Sb in CdTe: A density functional profiles in CdTe of native, Te adatom and vacancy, and anionic non-native interstitial adatoms P, Sb, O, S B.V. All rights reserved. 1. Introduction Cadmium telluride (CdTe) based thin films have emerged

Khare, Sanjay V.

375

Variation in indoor particle number and PM2.5 concentrations in a radio station surrounded by busy roads before and after an upgrade of the HVAC system  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Indoor particle number and PM2.5 concentrations were investigated in a radio station surrounded by busy roads. Two extensive field measurement campaigns were conducted to determine the critical parameters affecting indoor air quality. The results indicated that indoor particle number and PM2.5 concentrations were governed by outdoor air, and were significantly affected by the location of air intake and design of HVAC system. Prior to the upgrade of the HVAC system and relocation of the air intake, the indoor median particle number concentration was 7.4×103 particles/cm3 and the median PM2.5 concentration was 7 ?g/m3. After the relocation of air intake and the redesign of the HVAC system, the indoor particle number concentration was between 2.3×103 and 3.4×103 particles/cm3, with a median value of 2.7×103 particles/cm3, and the indoor PM2.5 concentration was in the range of 3–5 ?g/m3, with a median value of 4 ?g/m3. By relocating the air intake of the HVAC, the outdoor particle number and PM2.5 concentrations near the air intake were reduced by 35% and 55%, respectively. In addition, with the relocation of air intake and the redesign of the HVAC system, the particle number penetration rate was reduced from 42% to 14%, and the overall filtration efficiency of the HVAC system (relocation of air intake, pre-filter, AHU and particle losses in the air duct) increased from 58% to 86%. For PM2.5, the penetration rate after the upgrade was approximately 18% and the overall filtration efficiency was 82%. This study demonstrates that by using a comprehensive approach, including the assessment of outdoor conditions and characterisation of ventilation and filtration parameters, satisfactory indoor air quality can be achieved, even for those indoor environments facing challenging outdoor air conditions.

L. Morawska; M. Jamriska; H. Guo; E.R. Jayaratne; M. Cao; S. Summerville

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

376

The relationship between filter pressure drop, indoor air quality, and energy consumption in rooftop HVAC units  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract HVAC filters are commonly used to decrease exposure to particulate matter, yet little is known about the energy impacts and air quality consequences of high efficiency filters installed in commercial buildings. To explore these effects, system airflow, filter and coil pressure drop, fan pressure rise, and power draw were measured, and cooling capacity and compressor power were modeled for at least four filter pressure drops in 15 rooftop units equipped with and without fan speed control. Energy implications and clean-air-delivery-rate were estimated for a large dataset of filters divided into four efficiency (MERV) categories. Field measurements conducted on units without fan speed control showed that increased filter pressure drop decreased flow, cooling capacity, and power. For a unit with fan speed control, the same increase in pressure drop resulted in the same magnitude change of fan power but in the opposite direction, and other parameters were unchanged. Replacing MERV 8 with MERV 13/14 resulted in higher energy consumption (2–4%) during cooling mode for both unit types, energy savings during fan-only mode (8–13%) in units without fan speed control, and increased energy consumption in fan-only mode (11–18%) in the unit with fan speed control. Energy consumption increases were offset by improvement in clean-air-delivery-rate, especially for PM2.5 (2.9–3.8 times increase going from MERV 8 to MERV 13/14), with larger benefits achieved for the unit with fan speed control. A comprehensive understanding of the impact of filtration is essential to selecting the appropriate efficiency of filters that ensures low-energy use and a healthy indoor environment.

Marwa Zaatari; Atila Novoselac; Jeffrey Siegel

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

377

Distributed Intelligent Automated Demand Response (DIADR) Building  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Distributed Intelligent Automated Demand Distributed Intelligent Automated Demand Response (DIADR) Building Management System Distributed Intelligent Automated Demand Response (DIADR) Building Management System The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) is currently conducting research into distributed intelligent-automated demand response (DIADR) building management systems. Project Description This project aims to develop a DIADR building management system with intelligent optimization and control algorithms for demand management, taking into account a multitude of factors affecting cost including: Comfort Heating, ventilating, and air conditioning (HVAC) Lighting Other building systems Climate Usage and occupancy patterns. The key challenge is to provide the demand response the ability to address more and more complex building systems that include a variety of loads,

378

Radiant heating and cooling, displacement ventilation with heat recovery and storm water cooling: An environmentally responsible HVAC system  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This paper describes the design, operation, and performance of an HVAC system installed as part of a project to demonstrate energy efficiency and environmental responsibility in commercial buildings. The systems installed in the 2180 m{sup 2} office building provide superior air quality and thermal comfort while requiring only half the electrical energy of conventional systems primarily because of the hydronic heating and cooling system. Gas use for the building is higher than expected because of longer operating hours and poor performance of the boiler/absorption chiller.

Carpenter, S.C.; Kokko, J.P. [Enermodal Engineering Ltd., Kitchener, Ontario (Canada)

1998-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

379

Charged-particle multiplicity measurement in proton-proton collisions at sqrt(s) = 7 TeV with ALICE at LHC  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The pseudorapidity density and multiplicity distribution of charged particles produced in proton-proton collisions at the LHC, at a centre-of-mass energy sqrt(s) = 7 TeV, were measured in the central pseudorapidity region |eta| < 1. Comparisons are made with previous measurements at sqrt(s) = 0.9 TeV and 2.36 TeV. At sqrt(s) = 7 TeV, for events with at least one charged particle in |eta| < 1, we obtain dNch/deta = 6.01 +- 0.01 (stat.) +0.20 -0.12 (syst.). This corresponds to an increase of 57.6% +- 0.4% (stat.) +3.6 -1.8% (syst.) relative to collisions at 0.9 TeV, significantly higher than calculations from commonly used models. The multiplicity distribution at 7 TeV is described fairly well by the negative binomial distribution.

K. Aamodt; N. Abel; U. Abeysekara; A. Abrahantes Quintana; A. Abramyan; D. Adamova; M. M. Aggarwal; G. Aglieri Rinella; A. G. Agocs; S. Aguilar Salazar; Z. Ahammed; A. Ahmad; N. Ahmad; S. U. Ahn; R. Akimoto; A. Akindinov; D. Aleksandrov; B. Alessandro; R. Alfaro Molina; A. Alici; E. Almaraz Avina; J. Alme; T. Alt; V. Altini; S. Altinpinar; C. Andrei; A. Andronic; G. Anelli; V. Angelov; C. Anson; T. Anticic; F. Antinori; S. Antinori; K. Antipin; D. Antonczyk; P. Antonioli; A. Anzo; L. Aphecetche; H. Appelshauser; S. Arcelli; R. Arceo; A. Arend; N. Armesto; R. Arnaldi; T. Aronsson; I. C. Arsene; A. Asryan; A. Augustinus; R. Averbeck; T. C. Awes; J. Aysto; M. D. Azmi; S. Bablok; M. Bach; A. Badala; Y. W. Baek; S. Bagnasco; R. Bailhache; R. Bala; A. Baldisseri; A. Baldit; J. Ban; R. Barbera; G. G. Barnafoldi; L. Barnby; V. Barret; J. Bartke; F. Barile; M. Basile; V. Basmanov; N. Bastid; B. Bathen; G. Batigne; B. Batyunya; C. Baumann; I. G. Bearden; B. Becker; I. Belikov; R. Bellwied; E. Belmont-Moreno; A. Belogianni; L. Benhabib; S. Beole; I. Berceanu; A. Bercuci; E. Berdermann; Y. Berdnikov; L. Betev; A. Bhasin; A. K. Bhati; L. Bianchi; N. Bianchi; C. Bianchin; J. Bielcik; J. Bielcikova; A. Bilandzic; L. Bimbot; E. Biolcati; A. Blanc; F. Blanco; F. Blanco; D. Blau; C. Blume; M. Boccioli; N. Bock; A. Bogdanov; H. Boggild; M. Bogolyubsky; J. Bohm; L. Boldizsar; M. Bombara; C. Bombonati; M. Bondila; H. Borel; V. Borshchov; A. Borisov; C. Bortolin; S. Bose; L. Bosisio; F. Bossu; M. Botje; S. Bottger; G. Bourdaud; B. Boyer; M. Braun; P. Braun-Munzinger; L. Bravina; M. Bregant; T. Breitner; G. Bruckner; R. Brun; E. Bruna; G. E. Bruno; D. Budnikov; H. Buesching; P. Buncic; O. Busch; Z. Buthelezi; D. Caffarri; X. Cai; H. Caines; E. Camacho; P. Camerini; M. Campbell; V. Canoa Roman; G. P. Capitani; G. Cara Romeo; F. Carena; W. Carena; F. Carminati; A. Casanova Diaz; M. Caselle; J. Castillo Castellanos; J. F. Castillo Hernandez; V. Catanescu; E. Cattaruzza; C. Cavicchioli; P. Cerello; V. Chambert; B. Chang; S. Chapeland; A. Charpy; J. L. Charvet; S. Chattopadhyay; S. Chattopadhyay; M. Cherney; C. Cheshkov; B. Cheynis; E. Chiavassa; V. Chibante Barroso; D. D. Chinellato; P. Chochula; K. Choi; M. Chojnacki; P. Christakoglou; C. H. Christensen; P. Christiansen; T. Chujo; F. Chuman; C. Cicalo; L. Cifarelli; F. Cindolo; J. Cleymans; O. Cobanoglu; J. -P. Coffin; S. Coli; A. Colla; G. Conesa Balbastre; Z. Conesa del Valle; E. S. Conner; P. Constantin; G. Contin; J. G. Contreras; Y. Corrales Morales; T. M. Cormier; P. Cortese; I. Cortes Maldonado; M. R. Cosentino; F. Costa; M. E. Cotallo; E. Crescio; P. Crochet; E. Cuautle; L. Cunqueiro; J. Cussonneau; A. Dainese; H. H. Dalsgaard; A. Danu; I. Das; S. Das; A. Dash; S. Dash; G. O. V. de Barros; A. De Caro; G. de Cataldo; J. de Cuveland; A. De Falco; M. De Gaspari; J. de Groot; D. De Gruttola; N. De Marco; S. De Pasquale; R. De Remigis; R. de Rooij; G. de Vaux; H. Delagrange; G. Dellacasa; A. Deloff; V. Demanov; E. Denes; A. Deppman; G. D'Erasmo; D. Derkach; A. Devaux; D. Di Bari; C. Di Giglio; S. Di Liberto; A. Di Mauro; P. Di Nezza; M. Dialinas; L. Diaz; R. Diaz; T. Dietel; R. Divia; O. Djuvsland; V. Dobretsov; A. Dobrin; T. Dobrowolski; B. Donigus; I. Dominguez; D. M. M. DonO. Dordic; A. K. Dubey; J. Dubuisson; L. Ducroux; P. Dupieux; A. K. Dutta Majumdar; M. R. Dutta Majumdar; D. Elia; D. Emschermann; A. Enokizono; B. Espagnon; M. Estienne; S. Esumi; D. Evans; S. Evrard; G. Eyyubova; C. W. Fabjan; D. Fabris; J. Faivre; D. Falchieri; A. Fantoni; M. Fasel; O. Fateev; R. Fearick; A. Fedunov; D. Fehlker; V. Fekete; D. Felea; B. Fenton-Olsen; G. Feofilov; A. Fernandez Tellez; E. G. Ferreiro; A. Ferretti; R. Ferretti; M. A. S. Figueredo; S. Filchagin; R. Fini; F. M. Fionda; E. M. Fiore; M. Floris; Z. Fodor; S. Foertsch; P. Foka; S. Fokin; F. Formenti; E. Fragiacomo; M. Fragkiadakis; U. Frankenfeld; A. Frolov; U. Fuchs; F. Furano; C. Furget; M. Fusco Girard; J. J. Gaardhoje; S. Gadrat; M. Gagliardi; A. Gago; M. Gallio; P. Ganoti; M. S. Ganti; C. Garabatos; C. Garcia Trapaga; J. Gebelein; R. Gemme; M. Germain; A. Gheata; M. Gheata; B. Ghidini; P. Ghosh; G. Giraudo; P. Giubellino; E. Gladysz-Dziadus; R. Glasow; P. Glassel; A. Glenn; R. Gomez Jimenez; H. Gonzalez Santos; L. H. Gonzalez-Trueba; P. Gonzalez-Zamora; S. Gorbunov; Y. Gorbunov; S. Gotovac; H. Gottschlag; V. Grabski; R. Grajcarek; A. Grelli; A. Grigoras; C. Grigoras; V. Grigoriev; A. Grigoryan; S. Grigoryan; B. Grinyov; N. Grion; P. Gros; J. F. Grosse-Oetringhaus; J. -Y. Grossiord; R. Grosso; F. Guber; R. Guernane; B. Guerzoni; K. Gulbrandsen; H. Gulkanyan; T. Gunji; A. Gupta; R. Gupta; H. -A. Gustafsson; H. Gutbrod; O. Haaland; C. Hadjidakis; M. Haiduc; H. Hamagaki; G. Hamar; J. Hamblen; B. H. Han; J. W. Harris; M. Hartig; A. Harutyunyan; D. Hasch; D. Hasegan

2010-05-21T23:59:59.000Z

380

An evaluation of technologies for real-time measurement of rates of outdoor airflow into HVAC systems  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

During the last few years, new technologies have been introduced for real-time continuous measurement of the flow rates of outdoor air (OA) into HVAC systems; however, an evaluation of these measurement technologies has not previously been published. This document describes a test system and protocols developed for a controlled evaluation of these measurement technologies. The results of tests of four commercially available measurement technologies and one prototype based on a new design are also summarized. The test system and protocol were judged practical and very useful. The series of tests identified three commercially available measurement technologies that should provide reasonably accurate measurements of OA flow rates as long as air velocities are maintained high enough to produce accurately measurable pressure signals. In HVAC systems with economizer controls, to maintain the required air velocities the OA intake will need to be divided into two sections in parallel, each with a separate OA damper. The errors in OA flow rates measured with the fourth commercially available measurement technology were 20% to 30% with horizontal probes but much larger with vertical probes. The new prototype measurement technology was the only one that appears suitable for measuring OA flow rates over their full range from 20% OA to 100% OA without using two separate OA dampers. All of the measurement devices had pressure drops that are likely to be judged acceptable. The influence of wind on the accuracy of these measurement technologies still needs to be evaluated.

Fisk, William J.; Faulkner, David; Sullivan, Douglas P.

2004-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "distributed te hvac" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
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to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


381

An evaluation of three commercially available technologies forreal-time measurement of rates of outdoor airflow into HVAC systems  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

During the last few years, new technologies have been introduced for real-time continuous measurement of the flow rates of outdoor air (OA) into HVAC systems; however, an evaluation of these measurements technologies has not previously been published. This document describes a test system and protocols developed for a controlled evaluation of these measurement technologies. The results of tests of three commercially available measurement technologies are also summarized. The test system and protocol were judged practical and very useful. The three commercially available measurement technologies should provide reasonably, e.g., 20%, accurate measurements of OA flow rates as long as air velocities are maintained high enough to produce accurately measurable pressure signals. In HVAC systems with economizer controls, to maintain the required air velocities the OA intake will need to be divided into two sections in parallel, each with a separate OA damper. All of the measurement devices had pressure drops that are likely to be judged acceptable. The influence of wind on the accuracy of these measurement technologies still needs to be evaluated.

Fisk, William J.; Faulkner, David; Sullivan, Douglas P.

2004-10-28T23:59:59.000Z

382

Ion-beam-induced damage formation in CdTe  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Damage formation in <111>- and <112>-oriented CdTe single crystals irradiated at room temperature and 15 K with 270 keV Ar or 730 keV Sb ions was investigated in situ using Rutherford backscattering spectroscopy (RBS) in channeling configuration. Defect profiles were calculated from the RBS spectra using the computer code DICADA and additional energy-dependent RBS measurements were performed to identify the type of defects. At both temperatures no formation of a buried amorphous layer was detected even after prolonged irradiation with several 10{sup 16} ions/cm{sup 2}. The fact that CdTe is not rendered amorphous even at 15 K suggests that the high resistance to amorphization is caused by the high ionicity of CdTe rather than thermal effects. The calculated defect profiles show the formation of a broad defect distribution that extends much deeper into the crystal than the projected range of the implanted ions at both temperatures. The post-range defects in CdTe thus do not seem to be of thermal origin either, but are instead believed to result from migration driven by the electronic energy loss.

Rischau, C. W.; Schnohr, C. S.; Wendler, E.; Wesch, W. [Institut fuer Festkoerperphysik, Friedrich-Schiller-Universitaet Jena, Max-Wien-Platz 1, D-07743 Jena (Germany)

2011-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

383

This paper has been downloaded from the Building and Environmental Thermal Systems Research Group at Oklahoma State University (www.hvac.okstate.edu)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

at Oklahoma State University (www.hvac.okstate.edu) The correct citation for the paper is: Xiao, D., J) and may become part of the ASHRAE standard method of test for whole building energy simulation programs (ASHRAE Standard 140). The existing test suite is comprised of tests that use a single building zone

384

This paper has been downloaded from the Building and Environmental Thermal Systems Research Group at Oklahoma State University (www.hvac.okstate.edu)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

at Oklahoma State University (www.hvac.okstate.edu) The correct citation for the paper is: Pedersen, C.O., D in the NBSLD program developed at the US National Bureau of Standards (now NIST) in the same time period of Standards (now NIST). The DOE eff

385

NREL's Advanced Thermal Conversion Laboratory at the Center for Buildings and Thermal Systems: On the Cutting-Edge of HVAC and CHP Technology (Revised)  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This brochure describes how the unique testing capabilities of NREL's Advanced Thermal Conversion Laboratory at the Center For Buildings and Thermal Systems can help industry meet the challenge of developing the next generation of heating, ventilating, and air-conditioning (HVAC) and combined heat and power (CHP) equipment and concepts.

Not Available

2005-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

386

X-ray standing wave study of CdTe/MnTe/CdTe(001) heterointerfaces J. C. Boulliard,a)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

features of the first stages of growth of ultrathin pseudomorphic MnTe 001 strained layers buried in CdTe on CdTe 001 substrates. Experiments with 004 and 113 reflecting planes show evidence of the presenceTe layers grown in CdTe 001 by molecular beam epitaxy. The results will be compared to high resolution

Boyer, Edmond

387

Modeling and Optimal Control Algorithm Design for HVAC Systems in Energy Efficient Buildings  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

sun on the external sides of the walls in deriving the differential equations of the temperature distribution

Maasoumy, Mehdi

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

388

Parton Distributions for the LHC  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We present a preliminary set of updated NLO parton distributions. For the first time we have a quantitative extraction of the strange quark and antiquark distributions and their uncertainties determined from CCFR and NuTeV dimuon cross sections. Additional jet data from HERA and the Tevatron improve our gluon extraction. Lepton asymmetry data and neutrino structure functions improve the flavour separation, particularly constraining the down quark valence distribution.

Thorne, R S; Stirling, W J; Watt, G

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

389

Observation de super-rseaux CdTe-HgTe par microscopie lectronique en transmission  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

-conducteurs II-VI a été beaucoup plus tardive [2]. Dans cette dernière famille, le système CdTe- HgTe présente l'avantage d'un accord de maille quasi parfait entre les deux composés (a = 0,648 nm pour CdTe contre a = 0 JET MOL�CULAIRE. - Les super- réseaux CdTe-HgTe ont été épitaxiés sur un substrat CdTe d

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

390

Resonance searches with the $t\\overline{t}$ Invariant Mass Distribution measured with the D\\O\\, Experiment at $\\sqrt{s}=1.96\\,\\textrm{TeV}  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Understanding the universe, its birth and its future is one of the biggest motivations in physics. In order to understand the cosmos, the fundamental particles forming the universe, the components our matter is built of need to be known and understood. Over time physicists have built a theory which describes the physics of the known fundamental particles very well: the Standard Model (SM) of particle physics. The SM describes the particles, their interactions and phenomena with high precision. So far no proven deviations from the SM have been found, though recently evidence for possible physics beyond the SM has been observed. The SM is not describing the mass of the elementary particles however and even with the addition of the Higgs mechanism giving mass to the particles, we have no full theory for all four fundamental forces. We know the model needs to be extended or replaced by another one, as gravitation is not included in the SM. Having a theory which describes all fundamental particles found so far and all but one fundamental interaction is a great success. However, all this describes about 4% of the universe we live in. 23% is dark matter and 73% is dark energy. Dark matter is believed to interact only through gravity and maybe the weak force, which makes it hardly observable. Dark energy is even more elusive. Among other theories the cosmologic constant and scalar fields are discussed to describe it. One should also note that other models exist which for example modify the Newtonian law of gravity. The Higgs mechanism has become the most popular model for mass generation. Alternative theories like Super Symmetry (SUSY), large Extra Dimensions, Technicolor, String Theory, to name just a few, have spread to describe the necessary mass generation or new particles. As proof for new physics beyond the SM has not been found yet, one assumes that new physics will manifest itself at a larger energy scale and therefore a higher particle mass. Particles with high masses are therefore presumed to be a window to test the SM for deviations caused by new physics. The heaviest fundamental particle which is in our reach is the top quark. Its mass is almost as large as that of a complete tungsten atom. It is so heavy, that it decays faster than it can hadronize. It seems the perfect probe to study new physics at the moment. In this analysis the top quark is used as a probe to search for a new resonance, whose properties are similar to a SM Z boson but is much more massive. This analysis will study t{bar t} decays to search for an excess in the invariant mass distribution of the t{bar t} pairs. Resonant states are suggested for massive Z-like bosons in extended gauge theories, Kaluza Klein states of the gluon or Z, axigluons, topcolor, and other beyond the Standard Model theories. Independent of the exact model a resonant production mechanism should be visible in the t{bar t} invariant mass distribution. In this thesis a model-independent search for a narrow-width heavy resonance X decaying into t{bar t} is performed. In the SM, the top quark decays into a W boson and a b quark nearly 100% of the time, which has been proven experimentally, too. The t{bar t} event signature is fully determined by the W boson decay modes. In this analysis, only the lepton+jets final state, which results from the leptonic decay of one of the W bosons and the hadronic decay of the other, is considered. The event signature is an isolated electron or muon with high transverse momentum, large transverse energy imbalance due to the undetected neutrino, and at least three jets, two of which result from the hadronization of b quarks.

Schliephake, Thorsten Dirk; /Wuppertal U.

2010-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

391

Evaluation of commercially available techniques and development of simplified methods for measuring grille airflows in HVAC systems  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In this report, we discuss the accuracy of flow hoods for residential applications, based on laboratory tests and field studies. The results indicate that commercially available hoods are often inadequate to measure flows in residential systems, and that there can be a wide range of performance between different flow hoods. The errors are due to poor calibrations, sensitivity of existing hoods to grille flow non-uniformities, and flow changes from added flow resistance. We also evaluated several simple techniques for measuring register airflows that could be adopted by the HVAC industry and homeowners as simple diagnostics that are often as accurate as commercially available devices. Our test results also show that current calibration procedures for flow hoods do not account for field application problems. As a result, organizations such as ASHRAE or ASTM need to develop a new standard for flow hood calibration, along with a new measurement standard to address field use of flow hoods.

Walker, Iain S.; Wray, Craig P.; Guillot, Cyril; Masson, S.

2003-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

392

TE Connectivity Finds Answers in Tomography  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

TE Connectivity Finds Answers in TE Connectivity Finds Answers in Tomography TE Connectivity Finds Answers in Tomography Print Thursday, 22 August 2013 10:50 TE Connectivity is a world leader in connectivity-the $13 billion global company designs and manufactures more than 500,000 different electronic connectivity products for the automotive, energy, industrial, broadband communications, consumer device, healthcare, aerospace, and defense industries. TE Connectivity has a long-standing commitment to innovation and engineering excellence. Their products help address challenges arising from companies' need for energy efficiency, always-on communications, and ever-increasing productivity. Recently, a team led by TE's senior manager of materials development, Dr. Jerzy Gazda (at left), has been investigating how ALS tomography capabilities can help the company develop more efficient connectors.

393

Proposal for the award of a contract for the design, supply, installation and commissioning of a Heating Ventilation and Air Conditioning (HVAC) system for the HIE-ISOLDE infrastructure  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Proposal for the award of a contract for the design, supply, installation and commissioning of a Heating Ventilation and Air Conditioning (HVAC) system for the HIE-ISOLDE infrastructure

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

394

Proposal for the award of a contract for the design, supply, installation and commissioning of a Heating, Ventilation and Air-Conditioning (HVAC) system for the computer room of the CERN Control Centre  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Proposal for the award of a contract for the design, supply, installation and commissioning of a Heating, Ventilation and Air-Conditioning (HVAC) system for the computer room of the CERN Control Centre

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

395

Si, CdTe and CdZnTe radiation detectors for imaging applications.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??The structure and operation of CdTe, CdZnTe and Si pixel detectors based on crystalline semiconductors, bump bonding and CMOS technology and developed mainly at Oy… (more)

Schulman, Tom

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

396

Recycling of CdTe photovoltaic waste  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A method for extracting and reclaiming metals from scrap CdTe photovoltaic cells and manufacturing waste by leaching the waste with a leaching solution comprising nitric acid and water, skimming any plastic material from the top of the leaching solution, separating the glass substrate from the liquid leachate and electrolyzing the leachate to separate Cd from Te, wherein the Te is deposits onto a cathode while the Cd remains in solution.

Goozner, Robert E. (Charlotte, NC); Long, Mark O. (Charlotte, NC); Drinkard, Jr., William F. (Charlotte, NC)

1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

397

Advanced Strategy Guideline: Air Distribution Basics and Duct Design  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This report discusses considerations for designing an air distribution system for an energy efficient house that requires less air volume to condition the space. Considering the HVAC system early in the design process will allow adequate space for equipment and ductwork and can result in cost savings. Principles discussed that will maximize occupant comfort include delivery of the proper amount of conditioned air for appropriate temperature mixing and uniformity without drafts, minimization of system noise, the impacts of pressure loss, efficient return air duct design, and supply air outlet placement, as well as duct layout, materials, and sizing.

Burdick, A.

2011-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

398

Recycling ZnTe, CdTe, and Other Compound Semiconductors by Ambipolar Electrolysis  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The electrochemical behavior of ZnTe and CdTe compound semiconductors dissolved in molten ZnCl[subscript 2] and equimolar CdCl[subscript 2]–KCl, respectively, was examined. In these melts dissolved Te is present as the ...

Osswald, Sebastian

399

Semitransparent ultrathin CdTe solar cells Semitransparent ultrathin CdTe solar cells and durabilityand durability  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Semitransparent ultrathin CdTe solar cells Semitransparent ultrathin CdTe solar cells core technology is built around · sputter deposition · CdS/CdTe cell structure · Extensive IPTe cellsultrathin CdTe cells X26 stateoftheart compared with other CdTe deposition: [X26 technology has been

Rollins, Andrew M.

400

Response of Cds/CdTe Devices to Te Exposure of Back Contact: Preprint  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Theoretical predictions of thin-film CdS/CdTe photovoltaic (PV) devices have suggested performance may be improved by reducing recombination due to Te-vacancy (VTe) or Te-interstitial (Tei) defects. Although formation of these intrinsic defects is likely influenced by CdTe deposition parameters, it also may be coupled to formation of beneficial cadmium vacancy (VCd) defects. If this is true, reducing potential effects of VTe or Tei may be difficult without also reducing the density of VCd. In contrast, post-deposition processes can sometimes afford a greater degree of defect control. Here we explore a post-deposition process that appears to influence the Te-related defects in polycrystalline CdTe. Specifically, we have exposed the CdTe surface to Te prior to ZnTe:Cu/Ti contact-interface formation with the goal of reducing VTe but without significantly reducing VCd. Initial results show that when this modified contact is used on a CdCl2-treated CdS/CdTe device, significantly poorer device performance results. This suggests two things: First, the amount of free-Te available during contact formation (either from chemical etching or CuTe or ZnTe deposition) may be a more important parameter to device performance than previously appreciated. Second, if processes have been used to reduce the effect of VTe (e.g., oxygen and chlorine additions to the CdTe), adding even a small amount of Te may produce detrimental defects.

Gessert, T. A.; Burst, J. M.; Ma, J.; Wei, S. H.; Kuciauskas, D.; Barnes, T. M.; Duenow, J. N.; Young, M. R.; Rance, W. L.; Li, J. V.; Dippo, P.

2012-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "distributed te hvac" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


401

Inverted Attic Bulkhead for HVAC Ductwork, Roseville, California (Fact Sheet), Building America Case Study: Efficient Solutions for New and Existing Homes, Building Technologies Office (BTO)  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Inverted Attic Bulkhead for Inverted Attic Bulkhead for HVAC Ductwork Roseville, California PROJECT INFORMATION Project Name: Long-Term Monitoring of Occupied Test House Location: Roseville, CA Partners: K. Hovnanian® Homes®, www.khov.com IBACOS www.ibacos.com Building Component: Envelope, structural, HVAC ducts Construction: New Application: New; single and/or multifamily Year Tested: 2012 Applicable Climate Zone(s): Hot-dry climate PERFORMANCE DATA HERS Index: 52 Projected Energy Savings: 11 million Btu/year heating and cooling savings Projected Energy Cost Savings: $116/year Modifying the truss system of a new home to accommodate ductwork within an inverted insulated bulkhead along the attic floor can save energy by placing

402

Development of a Thermoelectric Device for an Automotive Zonal HVAC System  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Presents development of a thermoelectric device using liquid working fluid on the waste? side and air as working fluid on the main? side to enable zonal or distributed heating/cooling systems within a vehicle

403

Formation of core/shell-like ZnSe(1?x)Te(x) nanocrystals due to equilibrium surface segregation  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We report results of equilibrium surface segregation in ZnSe{sub 1?x}Te{sub x} nanocrystals based on a computational analysis of coupled compositional, structural, and volume relaxation of the nanocrystals that employs Monte Carlo and conjugate-gradient methods according to a first-principles-parameterized description of interatomic interactions. We have determined the equilibrium concentration distribution as a function of nanocrystal size and composition for nanocrystal morphologies that include faceted equilibrium crystal shapes. The results identify the nanoparticle size and composition ranges that allow for self-assembly of core/shell-like nanocrystal structures characterized by a Te-deficient core and a Te-rich shell.

Pandey, Sumeet C.; Mountziaris, T. J.; Venkataraman, Dhandapani; Maroudas, Dimitris

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

404

High performance Zintl phase TE materials with embedded nanoparticles...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

performance Zintl phase TE materials with embedded nanoparticles High performance Zintl phase TE materials with embedded nanoparticles Performance of zintl phase thermoelectric...

405

CdSxTe1-x Alloying in CdS/CdTe Solar Cells  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A CdS{sub x}Te{sub 1-x} layer forms by interdiffusion of CdS and CdTe during the fabrication of thin film CdTe photovoltaic (PV) devices. The CdS{sub x}Te{sub 1-x} layer is thought to be important because it relieves strain at the CdS/CdTe interface that would otherwise exist due to the 10% lattice mismatch between these two materials. Our previous work has indicated that the electrical junction is located in this interdiffused CdS{sub x}Te{sub 1-x} region. Further understanding, however, is essential to predict the role of this CdS{sub x}Te{sub 1-x} layer in the operation of CdS/CdTe devices. In this study, CdS{sub x}Te{sub 1-x} alloy films were deposited by radio-frequency magnetron sputtering and coevaporation from CdTe and CdS sources. Both radio-frequency-magnetron-sputtered and coevaporated CdS{sub x}Te{sub 1-x} films of lower S content (x < 0.3) have a cubic zincblende (ZB) structure akin to CdTe, whereas those of higher S content have a hexagonal wurtzite (WZ) structure like that of CdS. Films become less preferentially oriented as a result of a CdCl{sub 2} heat treatment at {approx}400 C for 5 min. Films sputtered in a 1% O{sub 2}/Ar ambient are amorphous as deposited, but show CdTe ZB, CdS WZ, and CdTe oxide phases after a CdCl{sub 2} heat treatment. Films sputtered in O{sub 2} partial pressure have a much wider bandgap than expected. This may be explained by nanocrystalline size effects seen previously for sputtered oxygenated CdS (CdS:O) films.

Duenow, J. N.; Dhere, R. G.; Moutinho, H. R.; To, B.; Pankow, J. W.; Kuciauskas, D.; Gessert, T. A.

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

406

TeV Astrophysics Constraints on Planck Scale Lorentz Violation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We analyze observational constraints from TeV astrophysics on Lorentz violating nonlinear dispersion for photons and electrons without assuming any a priori equality between the photon and electron parameters. The constraints arise from thresholds for vacuum Cerenkov radiation, photon decay and photo-production of electron-positron pairs. We show that the parameter plane for cubic momentum terms in the dispersion relations is constrained to an order unity region in Planck units. We find that the threshold configuration can occur with an asymmetric distribution of momentum for pair creation, and with a hard photon for vacuum Cerenkov radiation.

Ted Jacobson; Stefano Liberati; David Mattingly

2002-09-24T23:59:59.000Z

407

Commercial thermal distribution systems, Final report for CIEE/CEC  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

HVAC schedule must be input on the 'START' tab. This schedule is used to filterHVAC schedule must be input on the 'START' tab. This schedule is used to filterHVAC schedule must also be input on the 'START' tab. This schedule is used to filter

Xu, T.

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

408

Energy loss rate of a charged particle in HgTe/(HgTe, CdTe) quantum wells  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The energy loss rate (ELR) of a charged particle in a HgTe/(HgTe, CdTe) quantum well is investigated. We consider scattering of a charged particle by the bulk insulating states in this type of topological insulator. It is found that the ELR characteristics due to the intraband excitation have a linear energy dependence while those due to interband excitation depend on the energy exponentially. An interesting quantitative result is that for a large range of the incident energy, the mean inelastic scattering rate is around a few terahertz.

Chen, Qinjun; Sin Ang, Yee [School of Physics, University of Wollongong, New South Wales 2522 (Australia)] [School of Physics, University of Wollongong, New South Wales 2522 (Australia); Wang, Xiaolin [Institute for Superconducting and Electronic Materials, University of Wollongong, New South Wales 2522 (Australia)] [Institute for Superconducting and Electronic Materials, University of Wollongong, New South Wales 2522 (Australia); Lewis, R. A.; Zhang, Chao [School of Physics, University of Wollongong, New South Wales 2522 (Australia) [School of Physics, University of Wollongong, New South Wales 2522 (Australia); Institute for Superconducting and Electronic Materials, University of Wollongong, New South Wales 2522 (Australia)

2013-11-04T23:59:59.000Z

409

Integrated Transmission and Distribution Control  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Distributed, generation, demand response, distributed storage, smart appliances, electric vehicles and renewable energy resources are expected to play a key part in the transformation of the American power system. Control, coordination and compensation of these smart grid assets are inherently interlinked. Advanced control strategies to warrant large-scale penetration of distributed smart grid assets do not currently exist. While many of the smart grid technologies proposed involve assets being deployed at the distribution level, most of the significant benefits accrue at the transmission level. The development of advanced smart grid simulation tools, such as GridLAB-D, has led to a dramatic improvement in the models of smart grid assets available for design and evaluation of smart grid technology. However, one of the main challenges to quantifying the benefits of smart grid assets at the transmission level is the lack of tools and framework for integrating transmission and distribution technologies into a single simulation environment. Furthermore, given the size and complexity of the distribution system, it is crucial to be able to represent the behavior of distributed smart grid assets using reduced-order controllable models and to analyze their impacts on the bulk power system in terms of stability and reliability. The objectives of the project were to: • Develop a simulation environment for integrating transmission and distribution control, • Construct reduced-order controllable models for smart grid assets at the distribution level, • Design and validate closed-loop control strategies for distributed smart grid assets, and • Demonstrate impact of integrating thousands of smart grid assets under closed-loop control demand response strategies on the transmission system. More specifically, GridLAB-D, a distribution system tool, and PowerWorld, a transmission planning tool, are integrated into a single simulation environment. The integrated environment allows the load flow interactions between the bulk power system and end-use loads to be explicitly modeled. Power system interactions are modeled down to time intervals as short as 1-second. Another practical issue is that the size and complexity of typical distribution systems makes direct integration with transmission models computationally intractable. Hence, the focus of the next main task is to develop reduced-order controllable models for some of the smart grid assets. In particular, HVAC units, which are a type of Thermostatically Controlled Loads (TCLs), are considered. The reduced-order modeling approach can be extended to other smart grid assets, like water heaters, PVs and PHEVs. Closed-loop control strategies are designed for a population of HVAC units under realistic conditions. The proposed load controller is fully responsive and achieves the control objective without sacrificing the end-use performance. Finally, using the T&D simulation platform, the benefits to the bulk power system are demonstrated by controlling smart grid assets under different demand response closed-loop control strategies.

Kalsi, Karanjit; Fuller, Jason C.; Tuffner, Francis K.; Lian, Jianming; Zhang, Wei; Marinovici, Laurentiu D.; Fisher, Andrew R.; Chassin, Forrest S.; Hauer, Matthew L.

2013-01-16T23:59:59.000Z

410

Recycling of CdTe photovoltaic waste  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A method for extracting and reclaiming metals from scrap CdTe photovoltaic cells and manufacturing waste by leaching the metals in dilute nitric acid, leaching the waste with a leaching solution comprising nitric acid and water, skimming any plastic material from the top of the leaching solution, separating the glass substrate from the liquid leachate, adding a calcium containing base to the leachate to precipitate Cd and Te, separating the precipitated Cd and Te from the leachate, and recovering the calcium-containing base.

Goozner, Robert E. (Charlotte, NC); Long, Mark O. (Charlotte, NC); Drinkard, Jr., William F. (Charlotte, NC)

1999-04-27T23:59:59.000Z

411

Infrared spectroscopy of lattice vibrations in ZnTe/CdTe superlattices with quantum dots on the GaAs substrate with the ZnTe buffer layer  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The results of the analysis of the infrared lattice reflectance spectra of multiperiod ZnTe/CdTe superlattices with CdTe quantum dots are reported. The samples are grown by molecular beam epitaxy on the GaAs substrate with the ZnTe buffer layer. Due to the large number of periods of the superlattices, it is possible to observe CdTe-like vibration modes in the quantum dots, i.e., the dislocation-free stressed islands formed during the growth due to relaxation of elastic stresses between the ZnTe and CdTe layers are markedly different in their lattice parameters. From the frequency shifts of the CdTe- and ZnTe-like vibration modes with respect to the corresponding modes in the unstressed materials, it is possible to estimate the level of elastic stresses.

Kozyrev, S. P. [Russian Academy of Sciences, Lebedev Physical Institute (Russian Federation)], E-mail: skozyrev@sci.lebedev.ru

2009-03-15T23:59:59.000Z

412

Formation and optical properties of CdTe/ZnTe nanostructures with different CdTe thicknesses grown on Si (100) substrates  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Atomic force microscopy (AFM) and photoluminescence (PL) measurements were carried out to investigate the formation and the optical properties of CdTe/ZnTe nanostructures with various CdTe thicknesses grown on Si (100) substrates by using molecular beam epitaxy and atomic layer epitaxy. AFM images showed that uniform CdTe/ZnTe quantum dots with a CdTe layer thickness of 2.5 ML (monolayer) were formed on Si (100) substrates. The excitonic peaks corresponding to transitions from the ground electronic subband to the ground heavy-hole band in the CdTe/ZnTe nanostructures shifted to a lower energy with increasing thickness of the CdTe layer. The activation energies of the carriers confined in the CdTe/ZnTe nanostructures grown on Si (100) substrates were obtained from the temperature-dependent PL spectra. The present observations can help improve understanding of the formation and the optical properties in CdTe/ZnTe nanostructures with different CdTe thicknesses grown on Si (100) substrates.

Lee, H. S.; Park, H. L.; Lee, I.; Kim, T. W. [Department of Physics, Yonsei University, Seoul 120-749 (Korea, Republic of); Advanced Semiconductor Research Center, Division of Electronics and Computer Engineering, Hanyang University, 17 Haengdang-dong, Seongdong-gu, Seoul 133-791 (Korea, Republic of)

2007-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

413

Measurement of Dijet Azimuthal Decorrelations in pp Collisions at {radical}(s)=7 TeV  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Azimuthal decorrelations between the two central jets with the largest transverse momenta are sensitive to the dynamics of events with multiple jets. We present a measurement of the normalized differential cross section based on the full data set ({integral}Ldt=36 pb{sup -1}) acquired by the ATLAS detector during the 2010 {radical}(s)=7 TeV proton-proton run of the LHC. The measured distributions include jets with transverse momenta up to 1.3 TeV, probing perturbative QCD in a high-energy regime.

Aad, G.; Ahles, F.; Beckingham, M.; Bernhard, R.; Bitenc, U.; Bruneliere, R.; Caron, S.; Carpentieri, C.; Christov, A.; Dahlhoff, A.; Dietrich, J.; Eckert, S.; Fehling-Kaschek, M.; Flechl, M.; Glatzer, J. [Fakultaet fuer Mathematik und Physik, Albert-Ludwigs-Universitaet, Freiburg i.Br. (Germany); Abbott, B. [Homer L. Dodge Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of Oklahoma, Norman Oklahoma (United States); Abdallah, J.; Bosman, M.; Casado, M. P.; Cavalli-Sforza, M. [Institut de Fisica d'Altes Energies and Universitat Autonoma de Barcelona and ICREA, Barcelona (Spain)

2011-04-29T23:59:59.000Z

414

Growth and optical properties of CdTe quantum dots in ZnTe nanowires  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We report on the formation of optically active CdTe quantum dots in ZnTe nanowires. The CdTe/ZnTe nanostructures have been grown by a gold nanocatalyst assisted molecular beam epitaxy in a vapor-liquid solid growth process. The presence of CdTe insertions in ZnTe nanowire results in the appearance of a strong photoluminescence band in the 2.0 eV-2.25 eV energy range. Spatially resolved photoluminescence measurements reveal that this broad emission consists of several sharp lines with the spectral width of about 2 meV. The large degree of linear polarization of these individual emission lines confirms their nanowire origin, whereas the zero-dimensional confinement is proved by photon correlation spectroscopy.

Wojnar, Piotr; Janik, Elzbieta; Baczewski, Lech T.; Kret, Slawomir; Karczewski, G.; Wojtowicz, Tomasz [Institute of Physics, Polish Academy of Sciences, Al Lotnikow 32/46, 02-668 Warsaw (Poland); Goryca, Mateusz; Kazimierczuk, Tomasz; Kossacki, Piotr [Institute of Experimental Physics, Faculty of Physics, University of Warsaw, ul Hoza 69, 00-681 Warsaw (Poland)

2011-09-12T23:59:59.000Z

415

A robust CO2-based demand-controlled ventilation control strategy for multi-zone HVAC systems  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

There have been increasingly growing concerns over the quality of the air inside buildings and the associated energy use. The CO2-based demand-controlled ventilation DCV is one of the strategies that could offer a great opportunity to reduce energy consumption in HVAC systems. However, implementing CO2-based DCV under ASHRAE Standard 62.1 2004–2010 is not simple as it was under previous versions due to the changes in breathing-zone ventilating rate calculations. Thus, this paper provides insight into the performance of a multi-zone VAV system under different operating and ventilation conditions, discusses the difficulties in the CO2-based DCV, and proposes a robust DCV strategy based on the supply air CO2 concentration. The proposed strategy offers great benefits in terms of better indoor air control and improved energy efficiency. To evaluate the proposed strategy, energy simulations were performed on various USA locations and for a typical two-story office building conditioned by a VAV system. The results show that a significant energy saving could be achieved by implementing the proposed strategy as compared to the design-occupancy ASHRAE Standard 62.1 2010 multi-zone procedure and the amount of saving that could be up to 23% depends mainly on locations and the actual occupancy profile.

Nabil Nassif

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

416

Charge transfer in liquid semiconductors: The K-Te system  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The neutron diffraction patterns of molten KxTe1-x alloys for x=0.12 and x-0.50 demonstrate the persistence of covalently bonded tellurium in the liquid. In the case of liquid K0.12Te0.88, the measured structure is domianted by the Te-Te contribution, and is remarkably similar to that of pure liquid tellurium. The equiatomic alloy K0.50Te0.50 is shown to contain mostly Te pairs which are identified with Zintl ions, Te22-. The presence of these ions explains the semiconducting behavior of these alloys deduced from recent electrical transport measurements.

J. Fortner, Marie-Louise Saboungi, and J. E. Enderby

1992-08-31T23:59:59.000Z

417

Phonon blocking by two dimensional electron gas in polar CdTe/PbTe heterojunctions  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Narrow-gap lead telluride crystal is an important thermoelectric and mid-infrared material in which phonon functionality is a critical issue to be explored. In this Letter, efficient phonon blockage by forming a polar CdTe/PbTe heterojunction is explicitly observed by Raman scattering. The unique phonon screening effect can be interpreted by recent discovery of high-density two dimensional electrons at the polar CdTe/PbTe(111) interface which paves a way for design and fabrication of thermoelectric devices.

Zhang, Bingpo; Cai, Chunfeng; Zhu, He; Wu, Feifei; Ye, Zhenyu; Chen, Yongyue; Li, Ruifeng; Kong, Weiguang; Wu, Huizhen, E-mail: hzwu@zju.edu.cn [Department of Physics and State Key Laboratory of Silicon Materials, Zhejiang University, Hangzhou, Zhejiang 310027 (China)

2014-04-21T23:59:59.000Z

418

ZnTe: Gibbs free energy  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This document is part of Volume 44 ‘Semiconductors’, Subvolume B ‘New Data and Updates for II-VI Compounds’ of Landolt-Börnstein Group III ‘Condensed Matter’. It contains data on ZnTe (zinc telluride), Element...

J. Gutowski; K. Sebald; T. Voss

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

419

Buildings Energy Data Book: 5.5 Thermal Distribution Systems  

Buildings Energy Data Book [EERE]

5 5 Typical Commercial Building Thermal Energy Distribution Design Load Intensities (Watts per SF) Distribution System Fans Other Central System Supply Fans Cooling Tower Fan Central System Return Fans Air-Cooled Chiller Condenser Fan 0.6 Terminal Box Fans 0.5 Exhaust Fans (2) Fan-Coil Unit Fans (1) Condenser Fans 0.6 Packaged or Split System Indoor Blower 0.6 Pumps Chilled Water Pump Condenser Water Pump Heating Water Pump Note(s): Source(s): 0.1 - 0.2 0.1 - 0.2 1) Unducted units are lower than those with some ductwork. 2) Strong dependence on building type. BTS/A.D. Little, Energy Consumption Characteristics of Commercial Building HVAC Systems, Volume II:Thermal Distribution, Auxiliary Equipment, and Ventilation, Oct. 1999, Table 3-1, p. 3-6. 0.3 - 1.0 0.1 - 0.3 0.1 - 0.4

420

Facultad de Ciencias Departamento de Fsica Te  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Facultad de Ciencias Departamento de Fâ??�sica Te â?? orica Jet production in charged current deep Ciencias Fâ??�sicas'' by M â?? onica Luisa V â?? azquez Acosta Director : Juan Terr â?? on Cuadrado 16/12/2002 #12; #12; Facultad de Ciencias Departamento de Fâ??�sica Te â?? orica Producci â?? on de chorros hadr â?? onicos en

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "distributed te hvac" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


421

GaTe semiconductor for radiation detection  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

GaTe semiconductor is used as a room-temperature radiation detector. GaTe has useful properties for radiation detectors: ideal bandgap, favorable mobilities, low melting point (no evaporation), non-hygroscopic nature, and availability of high-purity starting materials. The detector can be used, e.g., for detection of illicit nuclear weapons and radiological dispersed devices at ports of entry, in cities, and off shore and for determination of medical isotopes present in a patient.

Payne, Stephen A. (Castro Valley, CA); Burger, Arnold (Nashville, TN); Mandal, Krishna C. (Ashland, MA)

2009-06-23T23:59:59.000Z

422

Phase assembly and photo-induced current in CdTe-ZnO nanocomposite thin films  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Sequential radio-frequency sputtering was used to produce CdTe-ZnO nanocomposite thin films with varied semiconductor-phase extended structures. Control of the spatial distribution of CdTe nanoparticles within the ZnO embedding phase was used to influence the semiconductor phase connectivity, contributing to both changes in quantum confinement induced spectral absorption and carrier transport characteristics of the resulting nanocomposite. An increased number density of CdTe particles deposited along the applied field direction produced an enhancement in the photo-induced current observed. These results highlight the opportunity to employ long-range phase assembly as a means to control optoelectronic properties of significant interest for photovoltaic applications.

Beal, R. J.; Kana Kana, J. B. [Department of Materials Science and Engineering, University of Arizona, Tucson, Arizona 85721 (United States); Potter, B. G. Jr. [Department of Materials Science and Engineering, University of Arizona, Tucson, Arizona 85721 (United States); College of Optical Sciences, University of Arizona, Tucson, Arizona 85721 (United States)

2012-07-16T23:59:59.000Z

423

Development of guidelines for Modeling Underfloor Air Distribution (UFAD) Systems in EnergyPlus, eQUEST, and EnergyPro for use in California non-residential Building Energy Efficiency Standards  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Auxiliaries Fans Chiller HVAC EUI(Kbtu/sf/yr) Boiler Equest_Check run_Source HVAC EUI ? kBtu/sf/yr Auxiliaries FansSensitivity_Source (IP) HVAC EUI ? kBtu/sf/yr Fans Chiller

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

424

Modeling Cu Migration in CdTe Solar Cells Under Device-Processing and Long-Term Stability Conditions: Preprint  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

An impurity migration model for systems with material interfaces is applied to Cu migration in CdTe solar cells. In the model, diffusion fluxes are calculated from the Cu chemical potential gradient. Inputs to the model include Cu diffusivities, solubilities, and segregation enthalpies in CdTe, CdS and contact materials. The model yields transient and equilibrium Cu distributions in CdTe devices during device processing and under field-deployed conditions. Preliminary results for Cu migration in CdTe photovoltaic devices using available diffusivity and solubility data from the literature show that Cu segregates in the CdS, a phenomenon that is commonly observed in devices after back-contact processing and/or stress conditions.

Teeter, G.; Asher, S.

2008-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

425

Modeling Cu Migration in CdTe Solar Cells Under Device-Processing and Long-Term Stability Conditions (Poster)  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

An impurity migration model for systems with material interfaces is applied to Cu migration in CdTe solar cells. In the model, diffusion fluxes are calculated from the Cu chemical potential gradient. Inputs to the model include Cu diffusivities, solubilities, and segregation enthalpies in CdTe, CdS and contact materials. The model yields transient and equilibrium Cu distributions in CdTe devices during device processing and under field-deployed conditions. Preliminary results for Cu migration in CdTe PV devices using available diffusivity and solubility data from the literature show that Cu segregates in the CdS, a phenomenon that is commonly observed in devices after back-contact processing and/or stress conditions.

Teeter, G.; Asher, S.

2008-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

426

CdTe AND CdTe : Hg ALLOYS CRYSTAL GROWTH USING STOICHIOMETRIC AND OFF-STOICHIOMETRIC  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

123 CdTe AND CdTe : Hg ALLOYS CRYSTAL GROWTH USING STOICHIOMETRIC AND OFF-STOICHIOMETRIC ZONE.-Briand, 92190 Meudon/Bellevue, France Résumé. 2014 En vue de la croissance de cristaux de CdTe de haute cristaux semi-isolants Cd0, 9Hg0, 1Te. Abstract. 2014 Some aspects of the thermodynamic state of CdTe

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

427

Wireless Infrastructure for Performing Monitoring, Diagnostics, and Control HVAC and Other Energy-Using Systems in Small Commercial Buildings  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This project focused on developing a low-cost wireless infrastructure for monitoring, diagnosing, and controlling building systems and equipment. End users receive information via the Internet and need only a web browser and Internet connection. The system used wireless communications for: (1) collecting data centrally on site from many wireless sensors installed on building equipment, (2) transmitting control signals to actuators and (3) transmitting data to an offsite network operations center where it is processed and made available to clients on the Web (see Figure 1). Although this wireless infrastructure can be applied to any building system, it was tested on two representative applications: (1) monitoring and diagnostics for packaged rooftop HVAC units used widely on small commercial buildings and (2) continuous diagnosis and control of scheduling errors such as lights and equipment left on during unoccupied hours. This project developed a generic infrastructure for performance monitoring, diagnostics, and control, applicable to a broad range of building systems and equipment, but targeted specifically to small to medium commercial buildings (an underserved market segment). The proposed solution is based on two wireless technologies. The first, wireless telemetry, is used for cell phones and paging and is reliable and widely available. This risk proved to be easily managed during the project. The second technology is on-site wireless communication for acquiring data from sensors and transmitting control signals. The technology must enable communication with many nodes, overcome physical obstructions, operate in environments with other electrical equipment, support operation with on-board power (instead of line power) for some applications, operate at low transmission power in license-free radio bands, and be low cost. We proposed wireless mesh networking to meet these needs. This technology is relatively new and has been applied only in research and tests. This proved to be a major challenge for the project and was ultimately abandoned in favor of a directly wired solution for collecting sensor data at the building. The primary reason for this was the relatively short ranges at which we were able to effectively place the sensor nodes from the central receiving unit. Several different mesh technologies were attempted with similar results. Two hardware devices were created during the original performance period of the project. The first device, the WEB-MC, is a master control unit that has two radios, a CPU, memory, and serves as the central communications device for the WEB-MC System (Currently called the 'BEST Wireless HVAC Maintenance System' as a tentative commercial product name). The WEB-MC communicates with the local mesh network system via one of its antennas. Communication with the mesh network enables the WEB-MC to configure the network, send/receive data from individual motes, and serves as the primary mechanism for collecting sensor data at remote locations. The second antenna enables the WEB-MC to connect to a cellular network ('Long-Haul Communications') to transfer data to and from the NorthWrite Network Operations Center (NOC). A third 'all-in-one' hardware solution was created after the project was extended (Phase 2) and additional resources were provided. The project team leveraged a project funded by the State of Washington to develop a hardware solution that integrated the functionality of the original two devices. The primary reason for this approach was to eliminate the mesh network technical difficulties that severely limited the functionality of the original hardware approach. There were five separate software developments required to deliver the functionality needed for this project. These include the Data Server (or Network Operations Center), Web Application, Diagnostic Software, WEB-MC Embedded Software, Mote Embedded Software. Each of these developments was necessarily dependent on the others. This resulted in a challenging management task - requiring high bandwidth communications among

Patrick O'Neill

2009-06-30T23:59:59.000Z

428

Distributed Algorithms Distributed Transactions  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Algorithms© Gero Mühl 8 Concurrency Control serial RC (ReCoverable) ACA (Avoiding Cascading Aborts) ST (StricDistributed Algorithms Distributed Transactions PD Dr.-Ing. Gero Mühl Kommunikations- und Betriebssysteme Fakultät für Elektrotechnik u. Informatik Technische Universität Berlin #12;Distributed Algorithms

Wichmann, Felix

429

2014-12-22 Issuance: Alternative Efficiency Determination Methods, Basic Model Definition, and Compliance for Commercial HVAC, Refrigeration, and Water Heating Equipment; Final Rule  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

This document is a pre-publication Federal Register final rule regarding alternative efficiency determination methods, basic model definition, and compliance for commercial HVAC, refrigeration, and water heating equipment , as issued by the Deputy Assistant Secretary for Energy Efficiency on December 22, 2014. Though it is not intended or expected, should any discrepancy occur between the document posted here and the document published in the Federal Register, the Federal Register publication controls. This document is being made available through the Internet solely as a means to facilitate the public's access to this document.

430

Phase-change wallboard and mechanical night ventilation in commercial buildings: Potential for HVAC system downsizing  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

As thermal storage media, phase-change materials (PCMs) such as paraffin, eutectic salts, etc. offer an order-of-magnitude increase in thermal storage capacity, and their discharge is almost isothermal. By embedding PCMs in dypsum board, plaster, or other wall-covering materials, the building structure acquires latent storage properties. Structural elements containing PCMs can store large amounts of energy while maintaining the indoor temperature within a relatively narrow range. As heat storage takes place inside the building where the loads occur, rather than at a central exterior location, the internal loads are removed without the need for additional transport energy. Distributed latent storage can thus be used to reduce the peak power demand of a building, downsize the cooling system, and/or switch to low-energy cooling sources. The authors used RADCOOL, a thermal building simulation program based on the finite difference approach, to numerically evaluate the thermal performance of PCM wallboard coupled with mechanical night ventilation in office buildings offers the opportunity for system downsizing in climates where the outside air temperature drops below 18 C at night. In climates where the outside air temperature remains above 19 C at night, the use of PCM wallboard should be coupled with discharge mechanisms other than mechanical night ventilation with outside air.

Stetiu, C.; Feustel, H.E.

1998-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

431

Average resonance capture study of Te124  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

An average resonance capture study of Te124 was carried out by bombarding samples of Te123 with 2- and 24-keV neutron beams. The complete set of 0+, 1+, 2+ states disclosed by the experiment is consistent with the data of Robinson, Hamilton, and Snelling, demonstrating that there are no undetected states of these spins (especially 0+ states) below about 2500 keV. In particular, proposed 0+ levels at 1156 and 1290 keV are ruled out. This impacts various attempted interpretations in terms of intruder states, U(5), and O(6) symmetries.

R. F. Casten; J.-Y. Zhang; B.-C. Liao

1991-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

432

NREL Delivers In-Home HVAC Efficiency Testing Solutions (Fact Sheet)  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Researchers at the National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) have recently developed two simple in-home efficiency test methods that can be used by technicians, researchers, or interested homeowners to verify the correct operation and energy efficiency of a home's air conditioning equipment. An efficiency validation method for mini-split heat pumps (MSHPs) - highly efficient refrigerant-based air conditioning and heating systems that permit room-by-room conditioning and control - will enable building researchers to easily explore the installed performance of this class of equipment. MSHPs are very popular overseas and are gaining market share in energy efficient home upgrades throughout the United States. Yet, because MSHPs have multiple variable-speed components that work in tandem, their performance is challenging to measure in a real home. NREL researchers developed a field evaluation method including test equipment, methods, and data analysis to determine the installed performance of this equipment in occupied homes. A field test was conducted to validate the method. When testing a home's operation, it is often important to simulate occupancy within an unoccupied home. That way, the researcher will know the actual usage profiles for heat and moisture generation; this removes the uncertainty associated with real occupants. The second test method details a standardized protocol for generating heat and moisture loads, to mimic occupants and their activities by using heaters and humidifiers. Realistic heat and moisture loads can be used to drive air conditioning systems, evaluate air distribution systems, and examine building enclosure technologies. These loads are drawn from the Building America House Simulation Protocols. Proper application of the method will result in better comparison between performance of the test home and its simulated analogue. This method is also validated by field testing. These test methods are now available in two technical reports. The methods can be used widely by the building research community to confirm proper operation of space conditioning equipment in homes, thereby improving thermal comfort, building health, and durability. National objectives for cost-effective energy savings in the residential sector can be met more quickly and with greater consistency.

Not Available

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

433

Dependence of the efficiency of a CdS/CdTe solar cell on the absorbing layer's thickness  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

On the basis of the continuity equation, the spatial distribution of photogenerated excess electrons in the neutral region of the CdTe layer in a CdS/CdTe heterostructure is analyzed taking into account recombination at the rear surface of the layer. It is demonstrated that, owing to diffusion, excess electrons penetrate deep into the CdTe layer at distances far exceeding the effective penetration length for solar radiation. Calculations of the short-circuit current indicate that, for electron lifetimes of 10{sup -10}-10{sup -9} s, typical of thin-film CdS/CdTe solar cells, recombination losses are insignificant if the CdTe layer's thickness amounts to 3-4 {mu}m but increase dramatically if the thickness is below 1-1.5 {mu}m. In order to eliminate recombination losses in more efficient solar cells where the electron lifetime is {>=}10{sup -8} s the absorbing CdTe layer needs to be much thicker.

Kosyachenko, L. A., E-mail: lakos@chv.ukrpack.net; Savchuk, A. I.; Grushko, E. V. [Chernivtsi National University (Ukraine)

2009-08-15T23:59:59.000Z

434

THE DEFECT STRUCTURE OF CdTe (*) F. A. KRGER  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

THE DEFECT STRUCTURE OF CdTe (*) F. A. KR�GER David Packard Professor of Electrical Engineering haute résistivité. Abstract. 2014 Evidence concerning the defect structure of CdTe is reviewed

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

435

Search for new particles decaying to diject in 7 TeV proton-proton collisions at CMS  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This thesis presents a measurement of the dijet invariant mass spectrum and search for new particles decaying to dijets at CMS in 7 TeV pp collisions using data corresponding to an integrated luminosity of 2.875 pb{sup -1}. The measured dijet mass distribution is compared to QCD prediction from PYTHIA . It is required the pseudorapidity separation of the two jets to satisfy |Dh| < 1.3 with each jet inside the region of |{eta}| < 2.5. The observed dijet mass spectrum is fitted by a smooth function to search for dijet resonances. Since there is no evidence for dijet resonances, the upper limits at 95% Confidence Level (C.L.) on the resonance cross section are set. These generic cross section limits are compared with theoretical predictions for the cross section for several models of new particles: string resonances, axigluons, colorons, excited quarks, E{sub 6} diquarks, Randall-Sundrum gravitons, W' and Z'. It is excluded at 95% C.L. string resonances in the mass range 0.50 < M(S) < 2.50 TeV, excited quarks in the mass range 0.50 < M(q*) < 1.58 TeV, axigluons and colorons in the mass ranges 0.50 < M(A) < 1.17 TeV and 1.47 < M(A) < 1.52 TeV, and E{sub 6} diquarks in the mass ranges 0.50 < M(D) < 0.58 TeV, 0.97 < M(D) < 1.08 TeV, and 1.45 < M(D) < 1.60 TeV. These exclusions extend previously published limits on all models.

Ozturk, Sertac; /Cukurova U.

2011-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

436

PRESENT LIMITATIONS OF CdTe DETECTORS IN NUCLEAR MEDICINE  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

365 PRESENT LIMITATIONS OF CdTe DETECTORS IN NUCLEAR MEDICINE R. ALLEMAND, P. BOUTEILLER, M. LAVAL quality criteria, it is necessary to compare Cd-Te detectors results (or estimated characteristics) with other methods (i. e. 8cintillation cameras) in order to know the effective interest of Cd-Te in nuclear

Boyer, Edmond

437

Hybrid functional calculations of a Te antisite in bulk CdTe.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

?? The detection of gamma-rays is an important issue in a cast array ofindustries. CdTe is a semiconductor used for gamma-ray detectors whichcan operate at… (more)

Árdal, Kristinn Björgvin

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

438

Excited states of acceptors in CdTe and ZnTe  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Higher excited states of acceptors in CdTe and ZnTe are obtained by using the Baldereschi and Lipari spherical model including the cubic correction and the central-cell effect. This is done by solving the coupled radial equations by the finite-element method with Arnoldi's algorithm, which gives several (?20) low-lying states simultaneously. Our procedure allows one to determine very accurately the host band-structure parameters. In the case of CdTe we obtain the Luttinger parameters ?1 = 5.30, ?2 = 1.62, ?3 = 2.10 and the dielectric constant ?0 = 9.3. For ZnTe we obtain ?1 = 3.80, ?2 = 0.86, ?3 = 1.32 and ?0 = 9.4.

M. Said; M.A. Kanehisa

1990-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

439

The PeTroleum InsTITuTe Annual report 2009 The PeTroleum InsTITuTe  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The PeTroleum InsTITuTe Annual report 2009 The PeTroleum InsTITuTe Annual report - 2009 online version #12;The PeTroleum InsTITuTe Annual report 2009 #12;The PeTroleum InsTITuTe Annual report 2009 overvIew Annual Report 2009 THE PETROLEUM INSTITUTE Office of the President 4 OFFICE OF THE PRESIDENT DR

440

Influence of CdTe thickness on structural and electrical properties of CdTe/CdS solar cells  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Influence of CdTe thickness on structural and electrical properties of CdTe/CdS solar cells A a b s t r a c ta r t i c l e i n f o Available online xxxx Keywords: Solar cells CdCl2 CdTe Thin absorbers Due to its high scalability and low production cost, CdTe solar cells have shown a very strong

Romeo, Alessandro

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441

Typesetting Posters withTypesetting Posters with LaTeXLaTeX  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Typesetting Posters withTypesetting Posters with LaTeXLaTeX:: A Practical GuideA Practical Guide?What is the Problem? ·· Posters are used to present technicalPosters are used to present technical material at some conferencesmaterial at some conferences ­­ In some cases these posters may be very largeIn some cases these posters

Stephenson, Ben

442

Mechanism of terahertz photoconductivity in semimetallic HgTe/CdHgTe quantum wells  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Terahertz photoconductivity in magnetic fields in semimetallic HgTe/CdHgTe quantum wells has been studied. The main contribution to photoconductivity comes from a signal that appears as a result of electron-gas heating. It is shown that, with the cyclotron resonance conditions satisfied, the photoconductivity signal is composed of cyclotron-resonance and bolometric components. However, in this case too, the bolometric contribution predominates.

Vasilyev, Yu. B., E-mail: yu.vasilyev@mail.ioffe.ru [Russian Academy of Sciences, Ioffe Physical-Technical Institute (Russian Federation); Mikhailov, N. N. [Russian Academy of Sciences, Rzhanov Institute of Semiconductor Physics, Siberian Branch (Russian Federation); Gouider, F. [Institut fuer Angewandte Physik (Germany); Vasilyeva, G. Yu. [St. Petersburg State Polytechnic University (Russian Federation); Nachtwei, G. [Institut fuer Angewandte Physik (Germany)

2012-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

443

COMPARISON OF CSS-CdTe AND PVD-CdTe WITH DIFFERENT ACTIVATION PROCESSES , G. Khrypunov2,4  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

University, Leicestershire, LE11 3TU, UK ABSTRACT: CdTe polycrystalline thin film solar cells have a strong AM1.5 illumination. Amongst several attractive features high chemical stability of CdTe and a simple simplification has been done by substituting the CdCl2 step by treating CdTe films in an atmosphere containing

Romeo, Alessandro

444

THE PERFORMANCE OF THIN FILM SOLAR CELLS EMPLOYING PHOTOVOLTAIC Cu22014x Te-CdTe HETEROJUNCTIONS (1)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

195 THE PERFORMANCE OF THIN FILM SOLAR CELLS EMPLOYING PHOTOVOLTAIC Cu22014x Te This paper is a short status report on the continuing development of Cu22014xTe-CdTe thin film solar cells Company has had a conti- nuous effort on thin film solar cells for the past four and a half years

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

445

First-principles study of the electronic and structural properties of (CdTe)n/(ZnTe)n superlattices  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract We present the results of a first-principles study of the electronic and structural properties of binary CdTe and ZnTe compounds and their (CdTe)n/(ZnTe)n superlattices (SLs). The computational method is based on the full-potential linear muffin tin orbitals method (FP-LMTO) augmented by a plane-wave basis (PLW). The exchange and correlation energy is described in the local density approximation (LDA) using the Perdew–Wang parameterization including a generalized gradient approximation (GGA). The calculated structural properties of CdTe and ZnTe compounds are in good agreement with available experimental and theoretical data. We have also carried out band-structure calculations for the binary CdTe and ZnTe compounds and their (CdTe)n/(ZnTe)n superlattices (SLs). From the results of the electronic properties, we find that the parent material CdTe and ZnTe and their superlattices have a direct band gaps. The fundamental band gap decreases with increasing the number of monolayer n.

M. Boucharef; S. Benalia; D. Rached; M. Merabet; L. Djoudi; B. Abidri; N. Benkhettou

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

446

Nanoassembly control and optical absorption in CdTe-ZnO nanocomposite thin films  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The spatial distribution of CdTe nanoparticles within a ZnO thin-film matrix was manipulated using a dual-source, sequential radio-frequency (RF)-sputter deposition technique to produce nanocomposite materials with tuned spectral absorption characteristics. The relative substrate exposure time to each sputtering source was used to control the semiconductor phase connectivity, both within the film plane and along the film growth direction, to influence the degree of photocarrier confinement and the resulting optical transition energies exhibited by the CdTe phase. Significant changes (up to {Delta}E {approx_equal} 0.3 eV) in the absorption onset energy for the CdTe nanoparticle ensemble were produced through modification in the extended structure of the semiconductor phase. Raman spectroscopy, cross-sectional transmission electron microscopy, and x-ray diffraction were used to confirm the phase identity of the CdTe and ZnO and to characterize the nanostructures produced in these composite films. Isochronal annealing for 5 min at temperatures up to 800 deg. C further indicated the potential to improve film crystallinity as well as to establish the post-deposition thermal processing limits of stability for the semiconductor phase. The study highlights the significance of ensemble behavior as a means to influence quantum-scale semiconductor optical characteristics of import to the use of such materials as the basis for a variety of optoelectronic devices, including photosensitized heterojunction components in thin film photovoltaics.

Potter, B. G. Jr. [Materials Science and Engineering Department, University of Arizona, Tucson, Arizona 85721 (United States); College of Optical Sciences, University of Arizona, Tucson, Arizona 85721 (United States); Beal, R. J.; Allen, C. G. [Materials Science and Engineering Department, University of Arizona, Tucson, Arizona 85721 (United States)

2012-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

447

Could the Wein fireball be associated to the "orphan" TeV flares ?  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

TeV $\\gamma$-ray detections in flaring states without activity in X-rays from blazars have attracted much attention due to the irregularity of these "orphan" flares. Although the synchrotron self-Compton model has been very successful in explaining the spectral energy distribution and spectral variability of these sources, it has not been able to describe these atypical flaring events. On the other hand, an electron-positron pair plasma at the base of the AGN jet was proposed as the mechanism of bulk acceleration of relativistic outflows. This plasma in quasi-themal equilibrium called Wein fireball emits radiation at MeV-peak energies serving as target of accelerated protons. In this work we describe the "orphan" TeV flares presented in blazars 1ES 1959+650 and Mrk421 assuming geometrical considerations in the jet and evoking the interactions of Fermi-accelerated protons and MeV-peak target photons coming from the Wein fireball. After describing successfully these "orphan" TeV flares, we correlate the TeV $\\g...

Fraija, Nissim

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

448

Study of the intermediate layer at the n{sup +}-CdS/p-CdTe interface  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The effect of production conditions and subsequent stimulation by ultrasonic irradiation on the formation of a solid solution at the n-CdS/p-CdTe interface in solar cells has been investigated. The phase composition of the solid-solution transient layer was investigated by a nondestructive photoelectric method (measurement of the spectral distribution of photosensitivity in the gate and photodiode modes). It is shown that the phase composition and thickness of the intermediate CdTe{sub 1-x}S{sub x} layer depend strongly on the heterostructure formation conditions.

Muzafarova, S. A., E-mail: samusu@rambler.ru; Aitbaev, B. U.; Mirsagatov, Sh. A. [Academy of Sciences of Republic Uzbekistan, Physicotechnical Institute, NPO Fizika solntsa (Uzbekistan); Durshimbetov, K. [Karakalpak State University (Uzbekistan); Zhanabergenov, Zh. [Karakalpak State Pedagogical Institute (Uzbekistan)

2008-12-15T23:59:59.000Z

449

HVAC-systems.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

?? It is of interest for companies to keep the annual operating cost of their buildings as low as possible. A substantial share of the… (more)

Alvsvåg, Øyvind

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

450

Variable Refrigerant Flow HVAC  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Conference, San Antonio, Texas Dec. 16-18 What do they know that we don’t know? Japan 90% Over 7 Million Systems China 86% Over 17 Million Systems Europe 81% Over 7 Million Systems USA 4% .5 Million Systems ESL-KT-13-12-33 CATEE 2013: Clean Air Through...-source VRF IEER 11.5 - 17.7 19.6 9.7 10.3 10.9 10.5 IPLV - 14.2 - - SCHE - - 18.6 N/A Energy Efficiency - commercial EER ESL-KT-13-12-33 CATEE 2013: Clean Air Through Energy Efficiency Conference, San Antonio, Texas Dec. 16-18 More Comfort & Quiet ? 4 ton...

Jones, S.

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

451

Luminescence Enhancement of CdTe Nanostructures in LaF3:Ce/CdTe Nanocomposites  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Radiation detection demands new scintillators with high quantum efficiency, high energy resolution and short luminescence lifetimes. Nanocomposites consisting of quantum dots and Ce3+ doped nanophosphors may be able to meet these requirements. Here we report the luminescence of LaF3:Ce/CdTe nanocomposites which were synthesized by a wet chemistry method. In LaF3:Ce/CdTe nanocomposites the CdTe quantum dots are converted into nanowires, while in LaF3/CdTe nanocomposites no such conversion is observed. The CdTe luminescence in LaF3:Ce/CdTe nanocomposites is enhanced about 5 times, while in LaF3/CdTe nanocomposites no enhancement was observed. Energy transfer, light-re-absorption and surface passivation are likely the reasons for the luminescence enhancement.

Yao, Mingzhen; Zhang, Xing; Ma, Lun; Chen, Wei; Joly, Alan G.; Huang, Jinsong; Wang, Qingwu

2010-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

452

Overview of Fords Thermoelectric Programs: Waste Heat Recovery...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Overview of progress in TE waste heat recovery from sedan gasoline-engine exhaust, TE HVAC system in hybrid sedan, and establishing targets for cost, power density, packaging,...

453

Thermoelectric Opportunities in Light-Duty Vehicles | Department...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Light-Duty Vehicles Overview of thermoelectric (TE) vehicle exhaust heat recovery, TE HVAC systems, and OEM role in establishing guidelines for cost, power density, systems...

454

Buildings Energy Data Book: 5.5 Thermal Distribution Systems  

Buildings Energy Data Book [EERE]

HVAC Equipment Manufacturers (2009 Million) Air-Handling Units 1032 Cooling Towers 533 Pumps 333 Central System Terminal Boxes 192 Classroom Unit Ventilator 160 Fan Coil Units 123...

455

Thermal distribution systems in commercial buildings  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Thermal distribution systems in commercial buildings Thermal distribution systems in commercial buildings Title Thermal distribution systems in commercial buildings Publication Type Journal Article LBNL Report Number LBNL-51860 Year of Publication 2003 Authors Diamond, Richard C., Craig P. Wray, Darryl J. Dickerhoff, Nance Matson, and Duo Wang Start Page Chapter Abstract Previous research suggests that HVAC thermal distribution systems in commercial buildings suffer from thermal losses, such as those caused by duct air leakage and poor duct location. Due to a lack of metrics and data showing the potentially large energy savings from reducing these losses, the California building industry has mostly overlooked energy efficiency improvements in this area. The purpose of this project is to obtain the technical knowledge needed to properly measure and understand the energy efficiency of these systems. This project has three specific objectives: to develop metrics and diagnostics for determining system efficiencies, to develop design and retrofit information that the building industry can use to improve these systems, and to determine the energy impacts associated with duct leakage airflows in an existing large commercial building. The primary outcome of this project is the confirmation that duct leakage airflows can significantly impact energy use in large commercial buildings: our measurements indicate that adding 15% duct leakage at operating conditions leads to an increase in fan power of about 25 to 35%. This finding is consistent with impacts of increased duct leakage airflows on fan power that have been predicted by previous simulations. Other project outcomes include the definition of a new metric for distribution system efficiency, the demonstration of a reliable test for determining duct leakage airflows, and the development of new techniques for duct sealing. We expect that the project outcomes will lead to new requirements for commercial thermal distribution system efficiency in future revisions of California's Title 24.

456

New chalcogenide glasses in the CdTe-AgI-As{sub 2}Te{sub 3} system  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Highlights: Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Determination of the glass-forming region in the pseudo-ternary CdTe-AgI-As{sub 2}Te{sub 3} system. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Characterization of macroscopic properties of the new CdTe-AgI-As{sub 2}Te{sub 3} glasses. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Characterization of the total conductivity of CdTe-AgI-As{sub 2}Te{sub 3} glasses. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Comparison between the selenide and telluride equivalent systems. -- Abstract: Chalcogenide glasses in the pseudo-ternary CdTe-AgI-As{sub 2}Te{sub 3} system were synthesized and the glass-forming range was determined. The maximum content of CdTe in this glass system was found to be equal to 15 mol.%. The macroscopic characterizations of samples have consisted in Differential Scanning Calorimetry, density, and X-ray diffraction measurements. The cadmium telluride addition does not generate any significant change in the glass transition temperature but the resistance of binary AgI-As{sub 2}Te{sub 3} glasses towards crystallisation is estimated to be decreasing on the base of {Delta}T = T{sub x} - T{sub g} parameter. The total electrical conductivity {sigma} was measured by complex impedance spectroscopy. First, the CdTe additions in the (AgI){sub 0.5}(As{sub 2}Te{sub 3}){sub 0.5} host glass, (CdTe){sub x}(AgI){sub 0.5-x/2}(As{sub 2}Te{sub 3}){sub 0.5-x/2} lead to a conductivity decrease at x {<=} 0.05. Then, the behaviour is reversed at 0.05 {<=} x {<=} 0.15. The obtained results are discussed by comparison with the equivalent selenide system.

Kassem, M. [Univ. Picardie Jules Verne, F-80000 Amiens (France)] [Univ. Picardie Jules Verne, F-80000 Amiens (France); Le Coq, D., E-mail: david.lecoq@univ-littoral.fr [Univ. Lille Nord de France, F-59000 Lille (France); ULCO, LPCA, EA 4493, F-59140 Dunkerque (France); Boidin, R.; Bychkov, E. [Univ. Lille Nord de France, F-59000 Lille (France) [Univ. Lille Nord de France, F-59000 Lille (France); ULCO, LPCA, EA 4493, F-59140 Dunkerque (France)

2012-02-15T23:59:59.000Z

457

Relations between structural parameters and physical properties in CdTe and Cd0.96Zn0.04Te alloys  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

481 Relations between structural parameters and physical properties in CdTe and Cd0.96Zn0.04Te cristaux de CdTe et de Cd0,96Zn0,04Te, de densité de dislocations variant entre 5 x 104 et 6 x 105 cm-2. La and photoluminescence experiments were performed on several CdTe and Cd0.96Zn0.04Te crystals with dislocation density

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

458

Search for Quark Compositeness with the Dijet Centrality Ratio in pp Collisions at sqrt[s]=7??????TeV  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A search for quark compositeness in the form of quark contact interactions, based on hadronic jet pairs (dijets) produced in proton-proton collisions at sqrt(s)=7 TeV, is described. The data sample of the study corresponds to an integrated luminosity of 2.9 inverse picobarns collected with the CMS detector at the LHC. The dijet centrality ratio, which quantifies the angular distribution of the dijets, is measured as a function of the invariant mass of the dijet system and is found to agree with the predictions of the Standard Model. A statistical analysis of the data provides a lower limit on the energy scale of quark contact interactions. The sensitivity of the analysis is such that the expected limit is 2.9 TeV; because the observed value of the centrality ratio at high invariant mass is below the expectation, the observed limit is 4.0 TeV at the 95% confidence level.

Khachatryan, Vardan; et al.

2010-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

459

Synthesis of CdTe/TiO{sub 2} nanoparticles and their photocatalytic activity  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Graphical abstract: - Highlights: • CdTe/TiO{sub 2} photocatalysts were synthesized through a facile and convenient method. • The photosensitized degradation of RhB was largely enhanced by the composite. • Products prepared under MBSL condition exhibited higher photocatalytic activities. • The effect of MBSL had been investigated. - Abstract: Visible-light-induced CdTe/TiO{sub 2} photocatalysts were synthesized under multibubble sonoluminescence (MBSL) condition. The morphology, phase and optical properties of the products have been characterized by X-ray powder diffraction, field emission scan electron microscope, UV–vis absorption spectroscopy and photoluminescence spectroscopy. The results showed that as-prepared nanoparticles are well-crystallized with a better size distribution. In addition, the photocatalytic activities of products were evaluated using the photocatalytic degradation of rhodamine B as a probe reaction. The results showed that the products synthesized under MBSL condition exhibited higher photocatalytic activities than those without MBSL irradiation.

Li, Deliang, E-mail: lideliang@henu.edu.cn; Wang, Shijun; Wang, Jing; Zhang, Xiaodan; Liu, Shanhu

2013-10-15T23:59:59.000Z

460

Prospects for observing charginos and neutralinos at a 100 TeV proton-proton collider  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We investigate the prospects for discovering charginos and neutralinos at a future $pp$ collider with $\\sqrt{s} = 100$ TeV. We focus on models where squarks and sleptons are decoupled -- as motivated by the LHC data. Our initial study is based on models where Higgsinos form the main component of the LSP and $W$-inos compose the heavier chargino states ($M_2 > \\mu$), though it is straightforward to consider the reverse situation also. We show that in such scenarios $W$-inos decay into $W^\\pm$, $Z$ and $h$ plus neutralinos almost universally. In the $W Z$ channel we compare signal and background in various kinematical distributions. We design simple but effective signal regions for the trilepton channel and evaluate discovery reach and exclusion limits. Assuming 3000 fb$^{-1}$ of integrated luminosity, $W$-inos could be discovered (excluded) up to 1.1 (1.8) TeV if the spectrum is not compressed.

Bobby S. Acharya; Krzysztof Bozek; Chakrit Pongkitivanichkul; Kazuki Sakurai

2014-10-06T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "distributed te hvac" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


461

Characterization of CdZnTe ambient temperature detectors  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A great deal of interest has been generated in the use of cadmium telluride (CdTe) and cadmium zinc telluride (CdZnTe) detectors for ambient temperature detection of radionuclides. The addition of zinc to CdTe provides several benefits that enhance the materials operational characteristics at ambient temperature. Recent movement in the industry is to produce larger volume detectors using CdZnTe without much known about the effects of larger geometry on performance. The purpose of this study is to get an idea of the relationship of detector performance to both area and thickness variations.

Lavietes, A.

1994-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

462

High Performance Zintl Phase TE Materials with Embedded Particles...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

TE Materials with Embedded Particles Presents results from embedding nanoparticles in magnesium silicide alloy matrix reducing thermal conductivity by phonon scattering and...

463

A Search for Neutrinoless Double Beta Decay of Te-130.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??This dissertation describes an experimental search for neutrinoless double beta (0???) decay of 130Te. An observation of 0??? decay would establish that neutrinos are Majorana… (more)

Bryant, Adam Douglas

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

464

Electricity Distribution  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

High voltage (HV) distribution grids have nominal voltages of up ... the grid that connects distribution to the transmission substations and also supplies large industrial customers requiri...

Tomás Gómez

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

465

Chapter 4, Small Commercial and Residential Unitary and Split System HVAC Cooling Equipment-Efficiency Upgrade Evaluation Protocol: The Uniform Methods Project: Methods for Determining Energy Efficiency Savings for Specific Measures  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

4: Small Commercial 4: Small Commercial and Residential Unitary and Split System HVAC Cooling Equipment-Efficiency Upgrade Evaluation Protocol David Jacobson, Jacobson Energy Research Subcontract Report NREL/SR-7A30-53827 April 2013 The Uniform Methods Project: Methods for Determining Energy Efficiency Savings for Specific Measures 4 - 1 Chapter 4 - Table of Contents 1 Measure Description .............................................................................................................. 2 2 Application Conditions of Protocol ....................................................................................... 3 2.1 Programs with Enhanced Measures ................................................................................. 5 3 Savings Calculations .............................................................................................................. 6

466

Effect of Manganese Concentration in the Cd1-xMnxTe/CdTe Tandem Structure on Photovoltaic Energy Conversion  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract The photovoltaic electricity is obtained by direct conversion of sunlight into electricity by solar cells. The objective of this work is the study and simulation of a Tandem photovoltaic structure based on Cd1-xMnxTe as top material cell. This paper describes the optimization of energy efficiency for Cd1-xMnxTe thin films deposited by epitaxy on CdTe substrat. We present the impact of the manganese concentration in Cd1-xMnxTe thin films on solar cells performances. Our study includes simulation results to show the conversion efficiency and main performances factors as function of the manganese concentration.

A. Aissat; M. El Bey; M. Fathi; J.P. Vilcot

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

467

Atomistic simulation of CdTe solid-liquid coexistence equilibria...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

simulation of CdTe solid-liquid coexistence equilibria. Atomistic simulation of CdTe solid-liquid coexistence equilibria. Abstract: Atomistic simulations of CdTe using a...

468

Strain relaxation of CdTe films growing on lattice-mismatched substrates  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

gap approaches the value of bulk CdTe crystals. This makesbulk crystals with crystalline CdTe ?lms for the purpose ofthe top layer of thick CdTe ?lms grown on Si(001) substrate

Ma, Zhixun; Yu, Kin Man; Walukiewicz, Wladek; Yu, Peter Y.; Mao, Samuel S.

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

469

Mechanical and Electrical Properties of CdTe Tetrapods Studied by Atomic Force Microscopy  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Electrical Properties of CdTe Tetrapods Studied by Atomicelectrical properties of CdTe tetrapod-shaped nanocrystalsIntroduction CdSe and CdTe nanocrystals possess interesting

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

470

E-Print Network 3.0 - amorphous ge-sb-te films Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

times in GeSbTe films irradiated... commercial phase-change optical recording systems, such as those based on GeSbTe Ref. 3 or AglnSbTe,4 use... the crystalline and...

471

Interfacial Reaction Between Nb Foil and n-Type PbTe Thermoelectric Materials During Thermoelectric Contact Fabrication  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

PbTe is a high-conversion-efficiency thermoelectric (TE) material that is commonly used in space exploration applications. Integration of PbTe in TE devices has a significant impact on the conversion efficienc...

Haiyang Xia; Cheng-Lung Chen; Fivos Drymiotis; Aiping Wu…

2014-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

472

CdS/CdTe Solar Cells Containing Directly-Deposited CdSxTe1-x Alloy Layers  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A CdS{sub x}Te{sub 1-x} layer forms by interdiffusion of CdS and CdTe during the fabrication of thin-film CdTe photovoltaic (PV) devices. The CdS{sub x}Te{sub 1-x} layer is thought to be important because it relieves strain at the CdS/CdTe interface that would otherwise exist due to the 10% lattice mismatch between these two materials. Our previous work [1] has indicated that the electrical junction is located in this interdiffused CdS{sub x}Te{sub 1-x} region. Further understanding, however, is essential to predict the role of this CdS{sub x}Te{sub 1-x} layer in the operation of CdS/CdTe devices. In this study, CdS{sub x}Te{sub 1-x} alloy films were deposited by radio-frequency (RF) magnetron sputtering and co-evaporation from CdTe and CdS sources. Both RF-magnetron-sputtered and co-evaporated CdS{sub x}Te{sub 1-x} films of lower S content (x<;0.3) have a cubic zincblende (ZB) structure akin to CdTe, whereas those of higher S content have a hexagonal wurtzite (WZ) structure like that of CdS. Films become less preferentially oriented as a result of a CdCl{sub 2} heat treatment (HT) at {approx}400 C for 5 min. Films sputtered in a 1% O{sub 2}/Ar ambient are amorphous as deposited, but show CdTe ZB, CdS WZ, and CdTe oxide phases after a CdCl{sub 2} HT. Films sputtered in O{sub 2} partial pressure have a much wider bandgap than expected. This may be explained by nanocrystalline size effects seen previously [2] for sputtered oxygenated CdS (CdS:O) films. Initial PV device results show that the introduction of a directly-deposited CdS{sub x}Te{sub 1-x} alloy layer into the device structure produces devices of comparable performance to those without the alloy layer when a CdCl{sub 2} HT is performed. Further investigation is required to determine whether the CdCl{sub 2} heat treatment step can be altered or eliminated through direct deposition of the alloy layer.

Duenow, J. N.; Dhere, R. G.; Moutinho, H. R.; To, B.; Pankow, J. W.; Kuciauskas, D.; Gessert, T. A.

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

473

NONLINEAR OPTICAL EFFECTS IN ROTATIONALLY-TWINNED CRYSTALS: AN EVALUATION OF CdTe, ZnTe AND ZnSe  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

405 NONLINEAR OPTICAL EFFECTS IN ROTATIONALLY-TWINNED CRYSTALS: AN EVALUATION OF CdTe, ZnTe AND Zn une loi en N2. On discutera les avantages potentiels en optique non linéaire des cristaux de CdTe, Zn-spaced twin planes the enhancement is proportional to N2. A comparison is made between CdTe, ZnTe, and Zn

Boyer, Edmond

474

TE Link Dormant Mode Used in GMPLS Optical Transport Networks for Energy Saving  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This paper evaluates power efficiency of TE link dormant mode in optical transport network, considering daily traffic variability and GMPLS protocol. The proposed TE link dormant mode...

Li, Xin; Huang, Shanguo; Guo, Bingli; Zhang, Jie; Gu, Wanyi

475

J/psi polarization in pp collisions at sqrt(s)=7 TeV  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The ALICE Collaboration has studied J/psi production in pp collisions at sqrt(s)=7 TeV at the LHC through its muon pair decay. The polar and azimuthal angle distributions of the decay muons were measured, and results on the J/psi polarization parameters lambda_theta and lambda_phi were obtained. The study was performed in the kinematic region 2.5

The ALICE Collaboration; B. Abelev; A. Abrahantes Quintana; D. Adamova; A. M. Adare; M. M. Aggarwal; G. Aglieri Rinella; A. G. Agocs; A. Agostinelli; S. Aguilar Salazar; Z. Ahammed; N. Ahmad; A. Ahmad Masoodi; S. U. Ahn; A. Akindinov; D. Aleksandrov; B. Alessandro; R. Alfaro Molina; A. Alici; A. Alkin; E. AlmarazAvina; T. Alt; V. Altini; S. Altinpinar; I. Altsybeev; C. Andrei; A. Andronic; V. Anguelov; C. Anson; T. Anticic; F. Antinori; P. Antonioli; L. Aphecetche; H. Appelshauser; N. Arbor; S. Arcelli; A. Arend; N. Armesto; R. Arnaldi; T. Aronsson; I. C. Arsene; M. Arslandok; A. Asryan; A. Augustinus; R. Averbeck; T. C. Awes; J. Aysto; M. D. Azmi; M. Bach; A. Badala; Y. W. Baek; R. Bailhache; R. Bala; R. Baldini Ferroli; A. Baldisseri; A. Baldit; F. Baltasar Dos Santos Pedrosa; J. Ban; R. C. Baral; R. Barbera; F. Barile; G. G. Barnafoldi; L. S. Barnby; V. Barret; J. Bartke; M. Basile; N. Bastid; B. Bathen; G. Batigne; B. Batyunya; C. Baumann; I. G. Bearden; H. Beck; I. Belikov; F. Bellini; R. Bellwied; E. Belmont-Moreno; S. Beole; I. Berceanu; A. Bercuci; Y. Berdnikov; D. Berenyi; C. Bergmann; L. Betev; A. Bhasin; A. K. Bhati; N. Bianchi; L. Bianchi; C. Bianchin; J. Bielcik; J. Bielcikova; A. Bilandzic; F. Blanco; F. Blanco; D. Blau; C. Blume; M. Boccioli; N. Bock; A. Bogdanov; H. Boggild; M. Bogolyubsky; L. Boldizsar; M. Bombara; J. Book; H. Borel; A. Borissov; C. Bortolin; S. Bose; F. Bossu; M. Botje; S. Bottger; B. Boyer; P. Braun-Munzinger; M. Bregant; T. Breitner; M. Broz; R. Brun; E. Bruna; G. E. Bruno; D. Budnikov; H. Buesching; S. Bufalino; K. Bugaiev; O. Busch; Z. Buthelezi; D. Caffarri; X. Cai; H. Caines; E. Calvo Villar; P. Camerini; V. Canoa Roman; G. Cara Romeo; W. Carena; F. Carena; N. Carlin Filho; F. Carminati; C. A. Carrillo Montoya; A. Casanova Diaz; M. Caselle; J. Castillo Castellanos; J. F. Castillo Hernandez; E. A. R. Casula; V. Catanescu; C. Cavicchioli; J. Cepila; P. Cerello; B. Chang; S. Chapeland; J. L. Charvet; S. Chattopadhyay; S. Chattopadhyay; M. Cherney; C. Cheshkov; B. Cheynis; E. Chiavassa; V. Chibante Barroso; D. D. Chinellato; P. Chochula; M. Chojnacki; P. Christakoglou; C. H. Christensen; P. Christiansen; T. Chujo; S. U. Chung; C. Cicalo; L. Cifarelli; F. Cindolo; J. Cleymans; F. Coccetti; J. -P. Coffin; F. Colamaria; D. Colella; G. Conesa Balbastre; Z. Conesa del Valle; P. Constantin; G. Contin; J. G. Contreras; T. M. Cormier; Y. Corrales Morales; P. Cortese; I. Cortes Maldonado; M. R. Cosentino; F. Costa; M. E. Cotallo; E. Crescio; P. Crochet; E. Cruz Alaniz; E. Cuautle; L. Cunqueiro; A. Dainese; H. H. Dalsgaard; A. Danu; D. Das; I. Das; K. Das; S. Dash; A. Dash; S. De; A. De Azevedo Moregula; G. O. V. de Barros; A. De Caro; G. de Cataldo; J. de Cuveland; A. De Falco; D. De Gruttola; H. Delagrange; E. Del Castillo Sanchez; A. Deloff; V. Demanov; N. De Marco; E. Denes; S. De Pasquale; A. Deppman; G. D Erasmo; R. de Rooij; D. Di Bari; T. Dietel; C. Di Giglio; S. Di Liberto; A. Di Mauro; P. Di Nezza; R. Divia; O. Djuvsland; A. Dobrin; T. Dobrowolski; I. Dominguez; B. Donigus; O. Dordic; O. Driga; A. K. Dubey; L. Ducroux; P. Dupieux; M. R. Dutta Majumdar; A. K. Dutta Majumdar; D. Elia; D. Emschermann; H. Engel; H. A. Erdal; B. Espagnon; M. Estienne; S. Esumi; D. Evans; G. Eyyubova; D. Fabris; J. Faivre; D. Falchieri; A. Fantoni; M. Fasel; R. Fearick; A. Fedunov; D. Fehlker; L. Feldkamp; D. Felea; G. Feofilov; A. Fernandez Tellez; E. G. Ferreiro; A. Ferretti; R. Ferretti; J. Figiel; M. A. S. Figueredo; S. Filchagin; R. Fini; D. Finogeev; F. M. Fionda; E. M. Fiore; M. Floris; S. Foertsch; P. Foka; S. Fokin; E. Fragiacomo; M. Fragkiadakis; U. Frankenfeld; U. Fuchs; C. Furget; M. Fusco Girard; J. J. Gaardhoje; M. Gagliardi; A. Gago; M. Gallio; D. R. Gangadharan; P. Ganoti; C. Garabatos; E. Garcia-Solis; I. Garishvili; J. Gerhard; M. Germain; C. Geuna; A. Gheata; M. Gheata; B. Ghidini; P. Ghosh; P. Gianotti; M. R. Girard; P. Giubellino; E. Gladysz-Dziadus; P. Glassel; R. Gomez; L. H. Gonzalez-Trueba; P. Gonzalez-Zamora; S. Gorbunov; A. Goswami; S. Gotovac; V. Grabski; L. K. Graczykowski; R. Grajcarek; A. Grelli; A. Grigoras; C. Grigoras; V. Grigoriev; S. Grigoryan; A. Grigoryan; B. Grinyov; N. Grion; P. Gros; J. F. Grosse-Oetringhaus; J. -Y. Grossiord; R. Grosso; F. Guber; R. Guernane; C. Guerra Gutierrez; B. Guerzoni; M. Guilbaud; K. Gulbrandsen; T. Gunji; A. Gupta; R. Gupta; H. Gutbrod; O. Haaland; C. Hadjidakis; M. Haiduc; H. Hamagaki; G. Hamar; B. H. Han; L. D. Hanratty; A. Hansen; Z. Harmanova; J. W. Harris; M. Hartig; D. Hasegan; D. Hatzifotiadou; A. Hayrapetyan; M. Heide; H. Helstrup; A. Herghelegiu; G. Herrera Corral; N. Herrmann; K. F. Hetland; B. Hicks; P. T. Hille; B. Hippolyte; T. Horaguchi; Y. Hori; P. Hristov; I. Hrivnacova; M. Huang; S. Huber; T. J. Humanic; D. S. Hwang; R. Ichou

2012-02-24T23:59:59.000Z

476

Laser irradiation effects on the CdTe/ZnTe quantum dot structure studied by Raman and AFM spectroscopy  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Micro-Raman spectroscopy has been applied to investigate the impact of laser irradiation on semiconducting CdTe/ZnTe quantum dots (QDs) structures. A reference sample (without dots) was also studied for comparison. Both samples were grown by molecular beam epitaxy technique on the p-type GaAs substrate. The Raman spectra have been recorded for different time of a laser exposure and for various laser powers. The spectra for both samples exhibit peak related to the localized longitudinal (LO) ZnTe phonon of a wavenumber equal to 210 cm{sup -1}. For the QD sample, a broad band corresponding to the LO CdTe phonon related to the QD-layer appears at a wavenumber of 160 cm{sup -1}. With increasing time of a laser beam exposure and laser power, the spectra get dominated by tellurium-related peaks appearing at wavenumbers around 120 cm{sup -1} and 140 cm{sup -1}. Simultaneously, the ZnTe surface undergoes rising damage, with the formation of Te aggregates at the pinhole edge as reveal atomic force microscopy observations. Local temperature of irradiated region has been estimated from the anti-Stokes/Stokes ratio of the Te modes intensity and it was found to be close or exceeding ZnTe melting point. Thus, the laser damage can be explained by the ablation process.

Zielony, E.; Placzek-Popko, E.; Henrykowski, A.; Gumienny, Z.; Kamyczek, P.; Jacak, J. [Institute of Physics, Wroclaw University of Technology, Wybrzeze Wyspianskiego 27, 50-370 Wroclaw (Poland); Nowakowski, P.; Karczewski, G. [Institute of Physics, Polish Academy of Sciences, al. Lotnikow 32/46, 02-668 Warsaw (Poland)

2012-09-15T23:59:59.000Z

477

Published in Notteboom, T.E. (ed.), Current Issues in Shipping, Ports and Logistics, Academic & Scientific Publishers (ASP), Brussels, pp. 185-201.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Published in Notteboom, T.E. (ed.), Current Issues in Shipping, Ports and Logistics, Academic at a given set of ports have rarely been approached from a network perspective. This paper proposes a set, and operators), foreland (distance to other ports and distribution of connections), connectivity itself (number

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

478

Use of separate ZnTe interface layers to form ohmic contacts to p-CdTe films  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A method of is disclosed improving electrical contact to a thin film of a p-type tellurium-containing II-VI semiconductor comprising: depositing a first undoped layer of ZnTe on a thin film of p-type tellurium containing II-VI semiconductor with material properties selected to limit the formation of potential barriers at the interface between the p-CdTe and the undoped layer, to a thickness sufficient to control diffusion of the metallic-doped ZnTe into the p-type tellurium-containing II-VI semiconductor, but thin enough to minimize affects of series resistance; depositing a second heavy doped p-type ZnTe layer to the first layer using an appropriate dopant; and depositing an appropriate metal onto the outer-most surface of the doped ZnTe layer for connecting an external electrical conductor to an ohmic contact. 11 figs.

Gessert, T.A.

1999-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

479

Use of separate ZnTe interface layers to form OHMIC contacts to p-CdTe films  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A method of improving electrical contact to a thin film of a p-type tellurium-containing II-VI semiconductor comprising: depositing a first undoped layer of ZnTe on a thin film of p-type tellurium containing II-VI semiconductor with material properties selected to limit the formation of potential barriers at the interface between the p-CdTe and the undoped layer, to a thickness sufficient to control diffusion of the metallic-doped ZnTe into the p-type tellurim-containing II-VI semiconductor, but thin enough to minimize affects of series resistance; depositing a second heavy doped p-type ZnTe layer to the first layer using an appropriate dopant; and depositing an appropriate metal onto the outer-most surface of the doped ZnTe layer for connecting an external electrical conductor to an ohmic contact.

Gessert, Timothy A. (Conifer, CO)

1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

480

Removal of submicron particles using a carbon fiber ionizer-assisted medium air filter in a heating, ventilation, and air-conditioning (HVAC) system  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Laboratory tests of particle removal were performed with a pair of carbon fiber ionizers installed upstream of a glass fiber air filter. For air flow face velocities of 0.4, 0.6, and 0.8 m/s, the overall particle removal efficiencies of the filter for all submicron particles were 17%, 16%, and 14%, respectively, when the ionizers were not turned on. These values increased to 27%, 23%, and 19%, respectively, when the ionizers were used to generate ions of 6.0 × 109 ions/cm3 in concentration. The carbon fiber ionizers were then installed in front of a glass fiber air filter located in a heating, ventilation, and air-conditioning (HVAC) system. Field tests were performed in a test office room with a total indoor particle concentration of 2.2 × 104 particles/cm3. When the flow rate was 75 cubic meters per hour (CMH), the steady-state values of the total indoor particle concentrations using the glass fiber air filter with and without ionizers decreased to 0.87 × 104 particles/cm3 and 1.15 × 104 particles/cm3, respectively, resulting in a 25% decrease of the ionizer effect. When the operation flow rate was increased to 115 and 150 CMH, the effect of the ionizer decreased to 19% and 17%, respectively. These experimental data match the results calculated using a mass-balance model whose parameters were determined from laboratory tests.

Jae Hong Park; Ki Young Yoon; Jungho Hwang

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "distributed te hvac" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


481

Channel type and salmonid spawning distribution and abundance  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

with map-based and field investigations, indicates that stream channel type influences salmonid spawning nord-ouest du Pacifique sont adaptés, entre autres, aux caractéristiques temporelles de la mobilité du les distributions des chenaux selon leur pente dans plusieurs bassins du versant ouest de la côte nord

Montgomery, David R.

482

LHC $Z^`$ discovery potential for models with continuously distributed mass  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We study the Large Hadron Collider (LHC) discovery potential for $Z^`$ models with continuously distributed mass for $\\sqrt{s} = 7, 10$ and 14 TeV centre-of-mass energies. One of possible LHC signatures for such models is the existence of broad resonance in Drell-Yan reaction $pp \\to Z^` + ... \\to l^+l^- + ...$.

N. V. Krasnikov

2010-04-22T23:59:59.000Z

483

Process Development for High Voc CdTe Solar Cells  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This is a cumulative and final report for Phases I, II and III of this NREL funded project (subcontract # XXL-5-44205-10). The main research activities of this project focused on the open-circuit voltage of the CdTe thin film solar cells. Although, thin film CdTe continues to be one of the leading materials for large-scale cost-effective production of photovoltaics, the efficiency of the CdTe solar cells have been stagnant for the last few years. This report describes and summarizes the results for this 3-year research project.

Ferekides, C. S.; Morel, D. L.

2011-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

484

Lifetime measurements by the Doppler-shift attenuation method in the {sup 115}Sn({alpha},n{gamma}){sup 118}Te reaction  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

{gamma} rays were measured at several angles in both singles and coincidence modes in the {sup 115}Sn({alpha},n{gamma}){sup 118}Te reaction at 15 MeV on a thick target. Multipolarities and mixing ratios were determined from the {gamma}-ray angular distribution analysis. Lifetimes of 11 low- and medium-spin excited states in {sup 118}Te were determined from a Monte Carlo Doppler-shift attenuation method analysis of the Doppler broadened line shapes of {gamma} rays deexciting the levels. The results are discussed in comparison with the predictions of the interacting boson model.

Mihai, C. [Horia Hulubei National Institute of Physics and Nuclear Engineering, RO-077125 Bucharest (Romania); Faculty of Physics, University of Bucharest, Bucharest (Romania); Pasternak, A. A. [Cyclotron Laboratory, A.F. Ioffe Physical Technical Institute, 194021 St. Petersburg (Russian Federation); Pascu, S.; Filipescu, D.; Ivascu, M.; Bucurescu, D.; Cata-Danil, I.; Deleanu, D.; Ghita, D. G.; Glodariu, T.; Marginean, N.; Marginean, R.; Negret, A.; Sava, T.; Stroe, L.; Suliman, G.; Zamfir, N. V. [Horia Hulubei National Institute of Physics and Nuclear Engineering, RO-077125 Bucharest (Romania); Cata-Danil, G. [Horia Hulubei National Institute of Physics and Nuclear Engineering, RO-077125 Bucharest (Romania); Physics Department, University 'Politehnica' of Bucharest, Bucharest (Romania)

2011-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

485

physica status solidi, 19 June 2012 Amorphous structures of Ge/Sb/Te  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

physica status solidi, 19 June 2012 Amorphous structures of Ge/Sb/Te alloys: Density functional functional simulations, Ge/Sb/Te alloys. Corresponding author: e-mail r.jones@fz-juelich.de, Phone: +49 discussed the alloy As30Ge10Si12Te48, and Te-based alloys have been well represented ever since. Alloys

486

Paul Sellin, Radiation Imaging Group The role of defects on CdTe detector performance  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Paul Sellin, Radiation Imaging Group The role of defects on CdTe detector performance P.J. Sellin1-destructive material characterisation techniques have been applied to CdTe wafers grown by the Travelling Heater Method Imaging Group PL mapping of whole CdTe wafers PL ( =819 nm) scan for two CdTe wafers, (left: wafer L700

Sellin, Paul

487

Self-Assembly of CdTe Tetrapods into Network Monolayers at the Air/Water  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Self-Assembly of CdTe Tetrapods into Network Monolayers at the Air/Water Interface Matthew D present a versatile method for cadmium telluride (CdTe) tetrapod syn- thesis by utilizing multiple Te the tetrapod shape. CdTe tetra- pods are a promising inorganic semicon- ductor for photovoltaic cells due

Lin, Zhiqun

488

Parton distributions for the LHC  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We present updated leading-order, next-to-leading order and next-to-next-to-leading order parton distribution functions ("MSTW 2008") determined from global analysis of hard-scattering data within the standard framework of leading-twist fixed-order collinear factorisation in the MSbar scheme. These parton distributions supersede the previously available "MRST" sets and should be used for the first LHC data-taking and for the associated theoretical calculations. New data sets fitted include CCFR/NuTeV dimuon cross sections, which constrain the strange quark and antiquark distributions, and Tevatron Run II data on inclusive jet production, the lepton charge asymmetry from W decays and the Z rapidity distribution. Uncertainties are propagated from the experimental errors on the fitted data points using a new dynamic procedure for each eigenvector of the covariance matrix. We discuss the major changes compared to previous MRST fits, briefly compare to parton distributions obtained by other fitting groups, and giv...

Martin, A D; Thorne, R S; Watt, G

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

489

Energy measurement of muons above 1 TeV  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Pair production and bremsstrahlung cross-sections have sufficient magnitude and energy-dependence for muons above 1 TeV to suggest the use of these cross-sections for measurement of muon energies. A series of Mon...

M. K. Moe

1970-03-11T23:59:59.000Z

490

Selective Area Epitaxy of CdTe on Nanopatterned Substrates.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

?? HgCdTe/Si devices can potentially be significantly improved by the use of nanopatterned substrate structures on Si to control point and extended crystal defects. This… (more)

Fahey, Stephen

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

491

Selective Area Epitaxy of CdTe on Nanopatterned Substrates.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??HgCdTe/Si devices can potentially be significantly improved by the use of nanopatterned substrate structures on Si to control point and extended crystal defects. This thesis… (more)

Fahey, Stephen D.

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

492

A Search for Neutrinoless Double Beta Decay of Te-130  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Bolometric experiments for neutrinoless double beta 3.2.1A Search for Neutrinoless Double Beta Decay of Te by AdamSpring 2010 A Search for Neutrinoless Double Beta Decay of

Bryant, Adam Douglas

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

493

INTERACTION OF DEFECTS IN CdTe-CRYSTALS HEAVILY DOPED WITH CHLORINE  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

ClTe) and (VCd 2 ClTe)] form, but larger clusters as well. Thus, the compensation process in Cl doped CdTe, PAGE In order to clarify the mechanism of compensation in semi-insulating crystals of CdTe doped.1051/rphysap:01977001202023500 #12;236 FIG. 1. - Photoluminescence spectra of In and Cl doped CdTe. ND = 10 17

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

494

REVUE DE PHYSIQUE APPLIQUE PHASE DIAGRAM CALCULATION IN THE Te-Bi-Sb TERNARY SYSTEM  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

by the stoichio- metric compounds Bi2Te3-Sb2Te3 and SnTe-PbTe [16, 17] exhibit complete miscibility in both liquid 1976) Résumé. 2014 On calcule le diagramme de l'équilibre liquide-solide dans le système ternaire Te be achieved either by means of time- and labor-consuming measurements which permit plotting the equilibrium

Boyer, Edmond

495

Distribution Workshop  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

On September 24-26, 2012, the GTT presented a workshop on grid integration on the distribution system at the Sheraton Crystal City near Washington, DC.

496

Electrical characteristics of the CdTe-n-CdHgTe structure fabricated in a single molecular-beam epitaxy process  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

An extraordinary shape of the capacitance-voltage characteristics of CdTe-CdHgTe structures has been detected; these characteristics include a specific 'hump' in the inversion region, the height of which increased severalfold under illumination. Additional measurements using an optical probe, measurements of current-voltage characteristics, and an analysis of the energy-band diagram of the structure showed the following. CdTe, in contrast to CdHgTe, is a p-type semiconductor with an acceptor concentration of 1 x 10{sup 16} cm{sup -3}; there is a hole inversion layer in CdHgTe at the boundary with CdTe, which causes the 'hump'; and the barrier height for holes at the CdTe-Cd{sub 0.43}Hg{sub 0.57}Te interface was determined as 0.13 eV.

Mashukov, Yu. P., E-mail: dr_mashukov@mail.ru; Mikhailov, N. N.; Vasilyev, V. V. [Russian Academy of Sciences, Rzhanov Institute of Semiconductor Physics, Siberian Branch (Russian Federation)

2010-09-15T23:59:59.000Z

497

Energy Dependent Growth of Nucleon and Inclusive Charged Hadron Distributions  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In the Color Glass Condensate formalism, charged hadron p_{T} distributions in p+p collisions are studied by considering an energy-dependent broadening of nucleon's density distribution. Then, in the Glasma flux tube picture, the n-particle multiplicity distributions at different pseudo-rapidity ranges are investigated. Both of the theoretical results show good agreement with the recent experimental data from ALICE and CMS at \\sqrt{s}=0.9, 2.36, 7 TeV. The predictive results for p_{T} and multiplicity distributions in p+p and p+Pb collisions at the Large Hadron Collider are also given in this paper.

Wang, Hongmin; Sun, Xian-Jing

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

498

Phonon self-energy and origin of anomalous neutron scattering spectra in SnTe and PbTe thermoelectrics  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The anharmonic lattice dynamics of rock-salt thermoelectric compounds SnTe and PbTe are investigated with inelastic neutron scattering (INS) and first-principles calculations. The experiments show that, surprisingly, although SnTe is closer to the ferroelectric instability, phonon spectra in PbTe exhibit a more anharmonic character. This behavior is reproduced in first-principles calculations of the temperature-dependent phonon self-energy. Our simulations reveal how the nesting of phonon dispersions induces prominent features in the self-energy, which account for the measured INS spectra and their temperature dependence. We establish that the phase-space for three-phonon scattering processes, rather than just the proximity to the lattice instability, is the mechanism determining the complex spectrum of the transverse-optical ferroelectric mode.

Li, Chen [ORNL] [ORNL; Ma, Jie [ORNL] [ORNL; May, Andrew F [ORNL] [ORNL; Cao, Huibo [ORNL] [ORNL; Christianson, Andrew D [ORNL] [ORNL; Ehlers, Georg [ORNL] [ORNL; Singh, David J [ORNL] [ORNL; Sales, Brian C [ORNL] [ORNL; Delaire, Olivier A [ORNL] [ORNL

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

499

A 3 TeV on 3 TeV proton-proton dedicated collider for Fermilab  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Fermilab Dedicated Collider proposed in May 1983 is a 2 TeV on 2 TeV p)bar p) collider. The expected luminosity is )approximately) 10/sup 31/ cm/sup (minus/2)sec/sup )minus/1) and the estimated cost is )approximately) $362M (FY-83 dollars). Since 1983 both the superconducting magnet and the particle detector technologies have advanced and the countenance of physics, hence the desired characteristics of new facilities have also altered somewhat. We want to show here that with the new magnet technology used for the SSC one can construct a 3 TeV on 3 TeV pp collider on the Fermilab site. This pp Dedicated Collider )PPDC) will have a luminosity of about 10/sub 33/cm/sup )minus/2)sec)sup)minus)1) and a cost only )approximately) 50)percent) more than that of the p)bar p) Dedicated Collider. 3 figs

Teng, L.C.

1988-03-30T23:59:59.000Z

500

2014-09-18 Issuance: Energy Conservation Standard for Alternative Efficiency Determination Methods, Basic Model Definition, and Compliance for Commercial HVAC, Refrigeration, and Water Heating Equipment; Supplemental Notice of Proposed Rulemaking  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

This document is a pre-publication Federal Register supplemental notice of proposed rulemaking regarding energy conservation standards for alternative efficiency determination methods, basic model definition, and compliance for commercial HVAC, Refrigeration, and Water Heating Equipment, as issued by the Deputy Assistant Secretary for Energy Efficiency on September 18, 2014. Though it is not intended or expected, should any discrepancy occur between the document posted here and the document published in the Federal Register, the Federal Register publication controls. This document is being made available through the Internet solely as a means to facilitate the public's access to this document.