Distributed Dynamic State Estimation with Extended Kalman Filter
Du, Pengwei; Huang, Zhenyu; Sun, Yannan; Diao, Ruisheng; Kalsi, Karanjit; Anderson, Kevin K.; Li, Yulan; Lee, Barry
2011-08-04T23:59:59.000Z
Increasing complexity associated with large-scale renewable resources and novel smart-grid technologies necessitates real-time monitoring and control. Our previous work applied the extended Kalman filter (EKF) with the use of phasor measurement data (PMU) for dynamic state estimation. However, high computation complexity creates significant challenges for real-time applications. In this paper, the problem of distributed dynamic state estimation is investigated. One domain decomposition method is proposed to utilize decentralized computing resources. The performance of distributed dynamic state estimation is tested on a 16-machine, 68-bus test system.
Introduction to Dynamic Distributed
Roma "La Sapienza", Università di
Introduction to Dynamic Distributed SystemsSystems #12;Outline Introduction Churn Building Applications in Dynamic Distributed Systems RegistersRegisters Eventual Leader election Connectivity in Dynamic Distributed Systems #12;Dynamic Distributed Systems: Context & Motivations Advent of Complex Distributed
Meliopoulos, Sakis; Cokkinides, George; Fardanesh, Bruce; Hedrington, Clinton
2013-12-31T23:59:59.000Z
This is the final report for this project that was performed in the period: October1, 2009 to June 30, 2013. In this project, a fully distributed high-fidelity dynamic state estimator (DSE) that continuously tracks the real time dynamic model of a wide area system with update rates better than 60 times per second is achieved. The proposed technology is based on GPS-synchronized measurements but also utilizes data from all available Intelligent Electronic Devices in the system (numerical relays, digital fault recorders, digital meters, etc.). The distributed state estimator provides the real time model of the system not only the voltage phasors. The proposed system provides the infrastructure for a variety of applications and two very important applications (a) a high fidelity generating unit parameters estimation and (b) an energy function based transient stability monitoring of a wide area electric power system with predictive capability. Also the dynamic distributed state estimation results are stored (the storage scheme includes data and coincidental model) enabling an automatic reconstruction and “play back” of a system wide disturbance. This approach enables complete play back capability with fidelity equal to that of real time with the advantage of “playing back” at a user selected speed. The proposed technologies were developed and tested in the lab during the first 18 months of the project and then demonstrated on two actual systems, the USVI Water and Power Administration system and the New York Power Authority’s Blenheim-Gilboa pumped hydro plant in the last 18 months of the project. The four main thrusts of this project, mentioned above, are extremely important to the industry. The DSE with the achieved update rates (more than 60 times per second) provides a superior solution to the “grid visibility” question. The generator parameter identification method fills an important and practical need of the industry. The “energy function” based transient stability monitoring opens up new ways to protect the power grid, better manage disturbances, confine their impact and in general improve the reliability and security of the system. Finally, as a by-product of the proposed research project, the developed system is able to “play back” disturbances by a click of a mouse. The importance of this by-product is evident by considering the tremendous effort exerted after the August 2003 blackout to piece together all the disturbance recordings, align them and recreate the sequence of events. This project has moved the state of art from fault recording by individual devices to system wide disturbance recording with “play back” capability.
Multipartite secure state distribution
Duer, W.; Briegel, H.-J. [Institut fuer Theoretische Physik, Universitaet Innsbruck, Technikerstrasse 25, A-6020 Innsbruck (Austria); Institut fuer Quantenoptik und Quanteninformation der Oesterreichischen, Akademie der Wissenschaften, Innsbruck (Austria); Calsamiglia, J. [Institut fuer Theoretische Physik, Universitaet Innsbruck, Technikerstrasse 25, A-6020 Innsbruck (Austria)
2005-04-01T23:59:59.000Z
We introduce the distribution of a secret multipartite entangled state in a real-world scenario as a quantum primitive. We show that in the presence of noisy quantum channels (and noisy control operations), any state chosen from the set of two-colorable graph states (Calderbank-Shor-Steane codewords) can be created with high fidelity while it remains unknown to all parties. This is accomplished by either blind multipartite entanglement purification, which we introduce in this paper, or by multipartite entanglement purification of enlarged states, which offers advantages over an alternative scheme based on standard channel purification and teleportation. The parties are thus provided with a secret resource of their choice for distributed secure applications.
Structure, Charge Distribution, and Electron Hopping Dynamics...
Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)
Charge Distribution, and Electron Hopping Dynamics in Magnetite (Fe3O4) (100) Surfaces from First Principles. Structure, Charge Distribution, and Electron Hopping Dynamics in...
Complex Dynamics Effect on Distributions
Mehmet Tekkoyun
2009-01-09T23:59:59.000Z
In this study, Lagrangian and Hamiltonian systems, which are mathematical models of mechanical systems, were introduced on the horizontal and the vertical distributions of tangent and cotangent bundles. Finally, some geometrical and physical results related to Lagrangian and Hamiltonian dynamical systems were deduced.
Zaveri, Rahul A.; Easter, Richard C.; Shilling, John E.; Seinfeld, J. H.
2014-05-27T23:59:59.000Z
Evidence is mounting that the majority of the climatically active aerosols are produced through the growth of smaller particles via secondary organic aerosol (SOA) formation from gas-to-particle conversion of anthropogenic and biogenic volatile organic compounds (VOCs). The timescale of SOA partitioning and the associated size distribution dynamics are expected to depend on the gas-phase oxidation of the precursor VOCs and their products, volatility of these organic solutes, composition and phase state of the pre-existing particles, and diffusivity and reactivity of the solute within the particle phase. This paper describes a new framework for modeling kinetic gas-particle partitioning of SOA, with an analytical treatment for the diffusion-reaction process within the particle phase. The formulation is amenable for eventual use in regional and global climate models, although it currently awaits implementation of the actual particle-phase reactions that are important for SOA formation. In the present work, the model is applied to investigate the competitive growth dynamics of the Aitken and accumulation mode particles while the Kelvin effect and coagulation are neglected for simplicity. The timescale of SOA partitioning and evolution of number and composition size distributions are evaluated for a range of solute volatilities (C*), particle-phase bulk diffusivities (Db), and particle-phase reactivity, as exemplified by a pseudo-first-order rate constant (kc). Results show that irreversible condensation of non-volatile organic vapors (equivalent to ) produces significant narrowing of the size distribution. At the other extreme, non-reactive partitioning of semi-volatile organic vapors is volume-controlled in which the final (equilibrium) size distribution simply shifts to the right on the diameter axis while its shape remains unchanged. However, appreciable narrowing of the size distribution may occur when the pre-existing particles are highly viscous semi-solids such that small particles reach quasi-equilibrium much faster than the large ones. In the case of reactive partitioning (finite ), the size distribution experiences permanent narrowing, which is especially pronounced for Db < 10-13 cm2 s-1 and kc > 0.01 s-1. As a result, both number and composition size distributions are needed to effectively constrain and evaluate the next generation of SOA models that treat phase state thermodynamics, particle-phase diffusion and particle-phase chemical reactions.
Look, Wesley Allen
2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
The political economy of US climate policy has revolved around state- and district- level distributional economics, and to a lesser extent household-level distribution questions. Many politicians and analysts have suggested ...
Distributed Termination Detection for Dynamic Systems
Dhamdhere, Dhananjay Madhav
Distributed Termination Detection for Dynamic Systems D. M. Dhamdhere \\Lambda Sridhar R. Iyer E for detecting the termination of a disÂ tributed computation is presented. The algorithm does not require global are provided. Keywords Distributed algorithms, Distributed computation, Distributed termination, Dynamic
State-to-state dynamics of molecular energy transfer
Gentry, W.R.; Giese, C.F. [Univ. of Minnesota, Minneapolis (United States)
1993-12-01T23:59:59.000Z
The goal of this research program is to elucidate the elementary dynamical mechanisms of vibrational and rotational energy transfer between molecules, at a quantum-state resolved level of detail. Molecular beam techniques are used to isolate individual molecular collisions, and to control the kinetic energy of collision. Lasers are used both to prepare specific quantum states prior to collision by stimulated-emission pumping (SEP), and to measure the distribution of quantum states in the collision products by laser-induced fluorescence (LIF). The results are interpreted in terms of dynamical models, which may be cast in a classical, semiclassical or quantum mechanical framework, as appropriate.
Distributed Compressed Sensing in Dynamic Networks
Eldar, Yonina
Distributed Compressed Sensing in Dynamic Networks Stacy Patterson Department of Computer Science theoretical results to develop a distributed version of IHT for dynamic networks. Evaluations show that our throughout the network, it is desirable to perform this recovery within the network in a distributed fashion
Dynamical States in Driven Colloidal Liquid Crystals
Ellen Fischermeier; Matthieu Marechal; Klaus Mecke
2014-09-24T23:59:59.000Z
We study a model colloidal liquid crystal consisting of hard spherocylinders under the influence of an external aligning potential by Langevin dynamics simulation. The external field that rotates in a plane acts on the orientation of the individual particles and induces a variety of collective nonequilibrium states. We characterize these states by the time-resolved orientational distribution of the particles and explain their origin using the single particle behavior. By varying the external driving frequency and the packing fraction of the spherocylinders we construct the dynamical state diagram.
Dynamics of spectral algorithms for distributed routing
Maymounkov, Petar (Petar Borissov)
2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
In the past few decades distributed systems have evolved from man-made machines to organically changing social, economic and protein networks. This transition has been overwhelming in many ways at once. Dynamic, heterogeneous, ...
Progress in the dynamical parton distributions
Jimenez-Delgado, Pedro [JLAB
2012-06-01T23:59:59.000Z
The present status of the (JR) dynamical parton distribution functions is reported. Different theoretical improvements, including the determination of the strange sea input distribution, the treatment of correlated errors and the inclusion of alternative data sets, are discussed. Highlights in the ongoing developments as well as (very) preliminary results in the determination of the strong coupling constant are presented.
Fake state attack on practically decoy state quantum key distribution
Yong-gang Tan
2012-02-15T23:59:59.000Z
In this paper, security of practically decoy state quantum key distribution under fake state attack is considered. If quantum key distribution is insecure under this type of attack, decoy sources can not also provide it with enough security. Strictly analysis shows that Eve should eavesdrop with the aid of photon-number-resolving instruments. In practical implementation of decoy state quantum key distribution where statistical fluctuation is considered, however, Eve can attack it successfully with threshold detectors.
Purity distribution for bipartite random pure states
O. Giraud
2007-10-10T23:59:59.000Z
Analytic expressions for the probability density distribution of the linear entropy and the purity are derived for bipartite pure random quantum states. The explicit distributions for a state belonging to a product of Hilbert spaces of dimensions p and q are given for p=3 and any q>=3, as well as for p=q=4.
Distributed Shared State (position paper)
Scott, Michael L.
computing [10] is as much about finding and accessing remote data repositories as it is about utilizing are distributed not for the sake of parallel speedup, but rather to access peo- ple, data, and devices was supported in part by NSF grants CCR-9988361, CCR- 0204344, CCR-0219848, ECS-0225413, and EIA-0080124
Distributed Algorithms with Dynamical Random Transitions
Henri Poincaré -Nancy-Université, Université
of the storage allocation system is taken as a function of time to be a #12;nite-state Markov chain resources where allocation and deal- location requests are dynamic random variables. This stochastic model, 16, 19]. The technique is applicable to other stochastically modelled resource allocation protocoles
Dynamic Market for Distributed Energy Resourcesin the Smart Grid
Chan, Edwin; Boon-Hee, Soong; Duy La, Quang
2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
3] M. G. Molina, “Distributed energy storage systems forDynamic Market for Distributed Energy Resources in the Smartntu.edu.sg Abstract—Distributed Energy Resources (DER) are
Dynamic Voltage Regulation Using Distributed Energy Resources
Xu, Yan [ORNL; Rizy, D Tom [ORNL; Li, Fangxing [ORNL; Kueck, John D [ORNL
2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
Many distributed energy resources (DE) are near load centres and equipped with power electronics converters to interface with the grid, therefore it is feasible for DE to provide ancillary services such as voltage regulation, nonactive power compensation, and power factor correction. A synchronous condenser and a microturbine with an inverter interface are implemented in parallel in a distribution system to regulate the local voltage. Voltage control schemes of the inverter and the synchronous condenser are developed. The experimental results show that both the inverter and the synchronous condenser can regulate the local voltage instantaneously, while the dynamic response of the inverter is faster than the synchronous condenser; and that integrated voltage regulation (multiple DE perform voltage regulation) can increase the voltage regulation capability, increase the lifetime of the equipment, and reduce the capital and operation costs.
Dynamic Solid State Lighting Matthew Aldrich
-based lighting network. This thesis presents a first-of-its-kind pentachromatic LED-based lighting networkDynamic Solid State Lighting by Matthew Aldrich B.S., Electrical Engineering Yale University, 2004 Head Program in Media Arts and Sciences #12;2 #12;Dynamic Solid State Lighting by Matthew Aldrich
Optimal control theory with continuously distributed target states: An application to NaK
Röder, Beate
Optimal control theory with continuously distributed target states: An application to NaK Andreas Laser pulse control of molecular dynamics is studied theoretically by using optimal control theory. The control theory is extended to target states which are distributed in time as well as in a space
Shared State for Distributed Interactive Data Mining Applications
Dwarkadas, Sandhya
Shared State for Distributed Interactive Data Mining Applications #3; Srinivasan Parthasarathy, 2001 Abstract Distributed data mining applications involving user interaction are now fea- sible due and eval- uates a system for sharing state among such interactive distributed data mining applications
Distributed Computation in Dynamic Networks : Technical Fabian Kuhn1
Schindelhauer, Christian
Distributed Computation in Dynamic Networks : Technical Report Fabian Kuhn1 Nancy Lynch2 Rotem 02139, USA Abstract In this paper we investigate distributed computation in dynamic networks in which in the theory of distributed computing in wireless, mobile and dy- namic networks. #12;1 Introduction The study
Evaluation of Dynamic Data Distributions on NUMA Shared Memory Multiprocessors
Abdelrahman, Tarek S.
Evaluation of Dynamic Data Distributions on NUMA Shared Memory Multiprocessors Tarek S. Abdelrahman, Canada M5S 3G4 Abstract Dynamic data distributions offer a number of performance benefits, but require. Recent work [1, 2] has shown that data distributions [7] provide a good abstraction for compiler
Building Dynamic Computing Infrastructures over Distributed Clouds Pierre Riteau
Paris-Sud XI, Université de
Building Dynamic Computing Infrastructures over Distributed Clouds Pierre Riteau University--The emergence of cloud computing infrastructures brings new ways to build and manage computing systems objectives. First, leveraging virtualization and cloud computing infrastruc- tures to build distributed large
Parameter and state estimation in nonlinear dynamical systems
Creveling, Daniel R.
2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
and J. Kurths. Nonlinear dynamical system identi?ca- tionEstimation In Nonlinear Dynamical Systems A dissertationState Estimation In Nonlinear Dynamical Systems by Daniel R.
Distributed Control of Networked Dynamical Systems: Static Feedback,
Dimarogonas, Dimos
1 Distributed Control of Networked Dynamical Systems: Static Feedback, Integral Action--This paper analyzes distributed control protocols for first- and second-order networked dynamical systems. We systems. The PI controllers successfully attenuate constant disturbances in the network. We prove
Dynamically Adaptive Partition-based Data Distribution Management* Bora . Kumova
Kumova, Bora
Dynamically Adaptive Partition-based Data Distribution Management* Bora . Kumova zmir Institute-size partitioning shared data. Based on this technique, a novel DDM algorithm is introduced that is dynamically of the employed data distribution management (DDM) algorithm, which aims at reducing the overall computational
Dynamic server selection using fuzzy inference in content distribution networks
Shen, Xuemin "Sherman"
Dynamic server selection using fuzzy inference in content distribution networks Lin Cai, Jun Ye been designed and deployed to distribute content to different cache servers, and to transparently and dynamically redirect user requests to the cache servers according to the latest network and server status
A Dynamic Distributed Constraint Satisfaction Approach to Resource Allocation
Modi, Jay
A Dynamic Distributed Constraint Satisfaction Approach to Resource Allocation Pragnesh Jay Modi,jungh,tambe,shen,kulkarnig@isi.edu Abstract. In distributed resource allocation a set of agents must assign their re sources to a set and the domain described in this paper: distributed sensor networks. Despite the variety of approaches proposed
A Dynamic Distributed Constraint Satisfaction Approach to Resource Allocation
Modi, Jay
A Dynamic Distributed Constraint Satisfaction Approach to Resource Allocation Pragnesh Jay Modi.edu Abstract. In distributed resource allocation a set of agents must assign their re- sources to a set and the domain described in this paper: distributed sensor networks. Despite the variety of approaches proposed
Dynamic Symbolic Execution for Testing Distributed Objects
Johnsen, Einar Broch
of the EU FP6 project Credo: Modeling and analysis of evolutionary structures for distributed services (IST
Soojoon Lee; Jeong San Kim; Barry C. Sanders
2010-06-03T23:59:59.000Z
We develop theories of entanglement distribution and of entanglement dynamics for qudit systems, which incorporate previous qubit formulations. Using convex-roof extended negativity, we generalize previous qubit results for entanglement distribution with isotropic states and for entanglement dynamics with the depolarizing channel, and we establish a relation between these two types of entanglement networks.
Lee, Soojoon; Sanders, Barry C
2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
We develop theories of entanglement distribution and of entanglement dynamics for qudit systems, which incorporate previous qubit formulations. Using convex-roof extended negativity, we generalize previous qubit results for entanglement distribution with isotropic states and for entanglement dynamics with the depolarizing channel, and we establish a relation between these two types of entanglement networks.
Dynamic Interactions of PV units in Low Volatge Distribution Systems
Pota, Himanshu Roy
Dynamic Interactions of PV units in Low Volatge Distribution Systems M. J. Hossain, J. Lu Griffith. Abstract--Photovoltaic (PV) units along with other distributed energy resources (DERs) are located close, robust control, stability. I. Introduction The integration level of PV units in low and medium voltage
Dynamics and length distribution of microtubules under force and confinement
Björn Zelinski; Nina Müller; Jan Kierfeld
2012-12-14T23:59:59.000Z
We investigate the microtubule polymerization dynamics with catastrophe and rescue events for three different confinement scenarios, which mimic typical cellular environments: (i) The microtubule is confined by rigid and fixed walls, (ii) it grows under constant force, and (iii) it grows against an elastic obstacle with a linearly increasing force. We use realistic catastrophe models and analyze the microtubule dynamics, the resulting microtubule length distributions, and force generation by stochastic and mean field calculations; in addition, we perform stochastic simulations. We also investigate the force dynamics if growth parameters are perturbed in dilution experiments. Finally, we show the robustness of our results against changes of catastrophe models and load distribution factors.
Estimating Power System Dynamic States Using Extended Kalman Filter
Huang, Zhenyu; Schneider, Kevin P.; Nieplocha, Jaroslaw; Zhou, Ning
2014-10-31T23:59:59.000Z
Abstract—The state estimation tools which are currently deployed in power system control rooms are based on a steady state assumption. As a result, the suite of operational tools that rely on state estimation results as inputs do not have dynamic information available and their accuracy is compromised. This paper investigates the application of Extended Kalman Filtering techniques for estimating dynamic states in the state estimation process. The new formulated “dynamic state estimation” includes true system dynamics reflected in differential equations, not like previously proposed “dynamic state estimation” which only considers the time-variant snapshots based on steady state modeling. This new dynamic state estimation using Extended Kalman Filter has been successfully tested on a multi-machine system. Sensitivity studies with respect to noise levels, sampling rates, model errors, and parameter errors are presented as well to illustrate the robust performance of the developed dynamic state estimation process.
Generating generalized distributions from dynamical simulation
Barth, Eric J.; Laird, Brian Bostian; Leimkuhler, Benedict J.
2003-03-18T23:59:59.000Z
virtual momentum related to the actual momentum of the system by p˜5sp.3 The equations of motion generated by the Nose´ Hamiltonian @Eq. ~1!# are dq dt 5M 21p˜/s2, ~2! dp˜ dt 52„V~q!, ~3! ds dt 5 p Q , ~4! dp dt 5 p˜TM21p˜ s3 2gkBT/s . ~5! The Nose´ method... regulates the temperature of the sys- tem through a dynamical time transformation given by dt/dt5s , where t is the Nose´ ~virtual! time and t is real time. The remarkable property of Nose´ dynamics is that mi- crocanonical sampling of the extended phase...
Modeling probability distributions with predictive state representations
Wiewiora, Eric Walter
2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
Discovery is the process of choosing the core tests, whose success probabilities will become the state of the learned model.
A dynamical interpretation of Patterson-Sullivan distributions
Jan Emonds
2014-07-21T23:59:59.000Z
Given a compact real hyperbolic space we study the connection between certain phase space distributions, so called Patterson-Sullivan distributions, and dynamical zeta functions. These zeta functions generalize logarithmic derivatives of classical Selberg zeta functions which are defined by closed geodesics which is data from the geodesic ow on phase space. Patterson-Sullivan distributions are asymptotically equivalent to Wigner distributions which play a key role in quantum ergodicity but they are also invariant under the geodesic ow. The surface case was studied before in [AZ07] and thus the emphasis in this work lies on the higher dimensional case.
SLOPE DISTRIBUTIONS, THRESHOLD HILLSLOPES, AND STEADY-STATE TOPOGRAPHY
Montgomery, David R.
SLOPE DISTRIBUTIONS, THRESHOLD HILLSLOPES, AND STEADY-STATE TOPOGRAPHY DAVID R. MONTGOMERY hillslopes, and steady-state topography. Plots of drainage area versus slope for these mountain ranges or exponential distributions in areas of active rock uplift and depositional topography, respectively. Local
STATE OF CALIFORNIA DISTRIBUTED ENERGY STORAGE DX AC SYSTEMES ACCEPTANCE
STATE OF CALIFORNIA DISTRIBUTED ENERGY STORAGE DX AC SYSTEMES ACCEPTANCE CEC-MECH-14A (Revised 08/09) CALIFORNIA ENERGY COMMISSION CERTIFICATE OF ACCEPTANCE MECH-14A NA7.5.13 Distributed Energy Storage DX AC DISTRIBUTED ENERGY STORAGE DX AC SYSTEMES ACCEPTANCE CEC-MECH-14A (Revised 08/09) CALIFORNIA ENERGY COMMISSION
Portable lamp with dynamically controlled lighting distribution
Siminovitch, Michael J. (Pinole, CA); Page, Erik R. (Berkeley, CA)
2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
A double lamp table or floor lamp lighting system has a pair of compact fluorescent lamps (CFLs) arranged vertically with a reflective septum in between. By selectively turning on one or both of the CFLs, down lighting, up lighting, or both up and down lighting is produced. The control system can also vary the light intensity from each CFL. The reflective septum insures that almost all the light produced by each lamp will be directed into the desired light distribution pattern which is selected and easily changed by the user. Planar compact fluorescent lamps, e.g. circular CFLs, particularly oriented horizontally, are preferable. CFLs provide energy efficiency. The lighting system may be designed for the home, hospitality, office or other environments.
Static and Dynamic Location Management in Distributed Mobile Environments
Vaidya, Nitin
Static and Dynamic Location Management in Distributed Mobile Environments P. Krishna y N. H. Vaidya for search, update and search-update. Static location management uses one combination of search, update the performance of di erent static location management strategies for various communicationand mobilitypatterns
Electric Grid State Estimators for Distribution Systems with Microgrids
Gupta, Vijay
Electric Grid State Estimators for Distribution Systems with Microgrids Jing Huang, Vijay Gupta and Yih-Fang Huang Department of Electrical Engineering University of Notre Dame, Notre Dame, Indiana 46556 Emails: {jhuang6,vgupta2,huang}@nd.edu Abstract--In the development of smart grid, state
Kirrander, Adam [Laboratoire Aime Cotton du CNRS, Universite de Paris-Sud, Batiment 505, F-91405 Orsay (France); Shalashilin, Dmitrii V. [School of Chemistry, University of Leeds, Leeds LS2 9JT (United Kingdom)
2011-09-15T23:59:59.000Z
We present an alternate version of the coupled-coherent-state method, specifically adapted for solving the time-dependent Schroedinger equation for multielectron dynamics in atoms and molecules. This theory takes explicit account of the exchange symmetry of fermion particles, and it uses fermion molecular dynamics to propagate trajectories. As a demonstration, calculations in the He atom are performed using the full Hamiltonian and accurate experimental parameters. Single- and double-ionization yields by 160-fs and 780-nm laser pulses are calculated as a function of field intensity in the range 10{sup 14}-10{sup 16} W/cm{sup 2}, and good agreement with experiments by Walker et al. is obtained. Since this method is trajectory based, mechanistic analysis of the dynamics is straightforward. We also calculate semiclassical momentum distributions for double ionization following 25-fs and 795-nm pulses at 1.5x10{sup 15} W/cm{sup 2}, in order to compare them with the detailed experiments by Rudenko et al. For this more challenging task, full convergence is not achieved. However, major effects such as the fingerlike structures in the momentum distribution are reproduced.
Econophysical Dynamics of Market-Based Electric Power Distribution Systems
Nicolas Ho; David P. Chassin
2006-02-09T23:59:59.000Z
As energy markets begin clearing at sub-hourly rates, their interaction with load control systems becomes a potentially important consideration. A simple model for the control of thermal systems using market-based power distribution strategies is proposed, with particular attention to the behavior and dynamics of electric building loads and distribution-level power markets. Observations of dynamic behavior of simple numerical model are compared to that of an aggregate continuous model. The analytic solution of the continuous model suggests important deficiencies in each. The continuous model provides very valuable insights into how one might design such load control system and design the power markets they interact with. We also highlight important shortcomings of the continuous model which we believe must be addressed using discrete models.
Semiquantum-key distribution using less than four quantum states
Zou Xiangfu [Department of Computer Science, Zhongshan University, Guangzhou 510275 (China); Department of Mathematics and Physics, Wuyi University, Jiangmen 529020 (China); Qiu Daowen [Department of Computer Science, Zhongshan University, Guangzhou 510275 (China); SQIG-Instituto de Telecomunicacoes, IST, TULisbon, Av. Rovisco Pais 1049-001, Lisbon (Portugal); Li Lvzhou; Wu Lihua; Li Lvjun [Department of Computer Science, Zhongshan University, Guangzhou 510275 (China)
2009-05-15T23:59:59.000Z
Recently Boyer et al. [Phys. Rev. Lett. 99, 140501 (2007)] suggested the idea of semiquantum key distribution (SQKD) in which Bob is classical and they also proposed a semiquantum key distribution protocol (BKM2007). To discuss the security of the BKM2007 protocol, they proved that their protocol is completely robust. This means that nonzero information acquired by Eve on the information string implies the nonzero probability that the legitimate participants can find errors on the bits tested by this protocol. The BKM2007 protocol uses four quantum states to distribute a secret key. In this paper, we simplify their protocol by using less than four quantum states. In detail, we present five different SQKD protocols in which Alice sends three quantum states, two quantum states, and one quantum state, respectively. Also, we prove that all the five protocols are completely robust. In particular, we invent two completely robust SQKD protocols in which Alice sends only one quantum state. Alice uses a register in one SQKD protocol, but she does not use any register in the other. The information bit proportion of the SQKD protocol in which Alice sends only one quantum state but uses a register is the double as that in the BKM2007 protocol. Furthermore, the information bit rate of the SQKD protocol in which Alice sends only one quantum state and does not use any register is not lower than that of the BKM2007 protocol.
Distributed Wind All-State Policy Summit and Strategies for Manufactur...
Office of Environmental Management (EM)
Distributed Wind All-State Policy Summit and Strategies for Manufacturers Advancing Research and Technology Wind Launch Distributed Wind All-State Policy Summit and Strategies for...
California at Irvine, University of
CVSys: A Coordination Framework for Dynamic and Fully Distributed Cardiovascular Modeling and dynamic simulation control. This coordination framework uniquely incorporates attributes of open indigenous and a more integrated system representation. Dynamic simulation control serves to interject new
Efficiency in Quantum Key Distribution Protocols with Entangled Gaussian States
C. Rodó; O. Romero-Isart; K. Eckert; A. Sanpera
2007-03-21T23:59:59.000Z
Quantum key distribution (QKD) refers to specific quantum strategies which permit the secure distribution of a secret key between two parties that wish to communicate secretly. Quantum cryptography has proven unconditionally secure in ideal scenarios and has been successfully implemented using quantum states with finite (discrete) as well as infinite (continuous) degrees of freedom. Here, we analyze the efficiency of QKD protocols that use as a resource entangled gaussian states and gaussian operations only. In this framework, it has already been shown that QKD is possible (M. Navascu\\'es et al. Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 010502 (2005)) but the issue of its efficiency has not been considered. We propose a figure of merit (the efficiency $E$) to quantify the number of classical correlated bits that can be used to distill a key from a sample of $N$ entangled states. We relate the efficiency of the protocol to the entanglement and purity of the states shared between the parties.
Network Control as a Distributed, Dynamic Game Sarosh Talukdar and Eduardo Camponogara
Network Control as a Distributed, Dynamic Game Sarosh Talukdar and Eduardo Camponogara ECE The operation of large, widely distributed networks can be modeled as distributed dynamic games. This paper. Three Sub-Networks Large networks for the wide spread distribution of goods and services
Distributed Termination Detection for Dynamic D.M. Dhamdhere Sridhar Iyer E.K.K.Reddy
Iyer, Sridhar
Distributed Termination Detection for Dynamic Systems D.M. Dhamdhere Sridhar Iyer E.K.K.Reddy Dept of Computer Science IIT Bombay Mumbai, INDIA Abstract A symmetric algorithm for detecting the termination Distributed algorithms, Distributed computation, Distributed termination, Dynamic systems, Termination
Numerical analysis of decoy state quantum key distribution protocols
Harrington, Jim W [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Rice, Patrick R [Los Alamos National Laboratory
2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
Decoy state protocols are a useful tool for many quantum key distribution systems implemented with weak coherent pulses, allowing significantly better secret bit rates and longer maximum distances. In this paper we present a method to numerically find optimal three-level protocols, and we examine how the secret bit rate and the optimized parameters are dependent on various system properties, such as session length, transmission loss, and visibility. Additionally, we show how to modify the decoy state analysis to handle partially distinguishable decoy states as well as uncertainty in the prepared intensities.
Heterophase liquid states: Thermodynamics, structure, dynamics
A. S. Bakai
2015-01-12T23:59:59.000Z
An overview of theoretical results and experimental data on the thermodynamics, structure and dynamics of the heterophase glass-forming liquids is presented. The theoretical approach is based on the mesoscopic heterophase fluctuations model (HPFM) developed within the framework of the bounded partition function approach. The Fischer cluster phenomenon, glass transition, liquid-liquid transformations, parametric phase diagram, cooperative dynamics and fragility of the glass-forming liquids is considered.
Entanglement dynamics of quantum states in a beam splitter
M. Rohith; R. Rajeev; C. Sudheesh
2015-05-11T23:59:59.000Z
We theoretically study the dynamics of entangled states created in a beam splitter with a nonlinear Kerr medium placed into one input arm. Entanglement dynamics of initial classical and nonclassical states are studied and compared. Signatures of revival and fractional revival phenomena exhibited during the time evolution of states in the Kerr medium are captured in the entangled states produced by the beam splitter. Maximum entanglement is obtained at the instants of collapses of wave packets in the medium. Our analysis shows increase in entanglement with increase in the degree of nonclassicality of the initial states considered. We show that the states generated at the output of the beam splitter using initial nonclassical states are more robust against decoherence, due to photon absorption by an environment, than those formed by an initial classical state.
Aalborg Universitet Multiagent Based Distributed Control for State-of-Charge Balance of Distributed
Vasquez, Juan Carlos
generations, energy storage systems and may operate in both grid-connected and islanded modes [1]. MG concept Energy Storage in DC microgrids Li, Chendan; Dragicevic, Tomislav; Garcia Plaza, Manuel; Andrade, Fabio for State-of-Charge Balance of Distributed Energy Storage in DC microgrids. In Proceedings of the 40th
Chaotic Dynamics in Multidimensional Transition States Ali Allahem1, a)
Chaotic Dynamics in Multidimensional Transition States Ali Allahem1, a) and Thomas Bartsch1, b consequences of normal hyperbolicity20,21 : a)Electronic mail: a.allahem@lboro.ac.uk b)Electronic mail: t.bartsch
Efficiency in Quantum Key Distribution Protocols using entangled Gaussian states
Carles Rodó
2010-05-14T23:59:59.000Z
Efficiency is a key issue in any real implementation of a cryptographic protocol since the physical resources are not unlimited. We will first show that Quantum Key Distribution is possible with an "Entanglement based" scheme with NPPT symmetric Gaussian states in spite of the fact that these systems cannot be distilled with Gaussian operations (they are all bound entangled). In this work we analyze the secrecy properties of Gaussian states under Gaussian operations. Although such operations are useless for quantum distillation, we prove that it is possible to distill efficiently a secret key secure against finite coherent attacks from sufficiently entangled Gaussian states with non-positive partial transposition. Moreover, all such states allow for efficient key distillation, when the eavesdropper is assumed to perform individual attacks before in an efficient way.
Ardani, K.; Davidson, C.; Margolis, R.; Nobler, E.
2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
This report presents results from an analysis of distributed photovoltaic (PV) interconnection and deployment processes in the United States. Using data from more than 30,000 residential (up to 10 kilowatts) and small commercial (10-50 kilowatts) PV systems, installed from 2012 to 2014, we assess the range in project completion timelines nationally (across 87 utilities in 16 states) and in five states with active solar markets (Arizona, California, New Jersey, New York, and Colorado).
Price Discovery in Dynamic Power Markets with Low-Voltage Distribution-Network Participants
Caramanis, Michael
Price Discovery in Dynamic Power Markets with Low-Voltage Distribution-Network Participants Elli. To this end, we define a distribution market that can discover spatiotemporal real and reactive power prices dynamically to optimize cost and utility of distributed generation assets, consumers, transformer and other
F. Affouard; M. Descamps
2005-02-15T23:59:59.000Z
Slow dynamics of difluorotetrachloroethane in both supercooled plastic crystal and supercooled liquid states have been investigated from Molecular Dynamics simulations. The temperature and wave-vector dependence of collective dynamics in both states are probed using coherent dynamical scattering functions $S(Q,t)$. Our results confirm the strong analogy between molecular liquids and plastic crystals for which $\\alpha$-relaxation times and non-ergodicity parameters are controlled by the non trivial static correlations $S(Q)$ as predicted by the Mode Coupling Theory. The use of infinitely thin needles distributed on a lattice as model of plastic crystals is discussed.
Zhou, Ning; Huang, Zhenyu; Meng, Da; Elbert, Stephen T.; Wang, Shaobu; Diao, Ruisheng
2014-03-31T23:59:59.000Z
With the increasing complexity resulting from uncertainties and stochastic variations introduced by intermittent renewable energy sources, responsive loads, mobile consumption of plug-in vehicles, and new market designs, more and more dynamic behaviors are observed in everyday power system operation. To operate a power system efficiently and reliably, it is critical to adopt a dynamic paradigm so that effective control actions can be taken in time. The dynamic paradigm needs to include three fundamental components: dynamic state estimation; look-ahead dynamic simulation; and dynamic contingency analysis (Figure 1). These three components answer three basic questions: where the system is; where the system is going; and how secure the system is against accidents. The dynamic state estimation provides a solid cornerstone to support the other 2 components and is the focus of this study.
Direct Molecular Dynamics Observation of Protein Folding Transition State Ensemble
Stanley, H. Eugene
Direct Molecular Dynamics Observation of Protein Folding Transition State Ensemble Feng Ding for the interpretation of experimental results and understanding of protein folding mechanics, which has at- tracted, 1999; Guerois and Serrano, 2000) have been proposed to predict the transition states in protein folding
ON THE STATE AGREEMENT PROBLEM FOR MULTIPLE NONLINEAR DYNAMICAL
Maggiore, Manfredi
agreement problem of continuous time nonlinear interconnected systems, which can de- scribe a numberON THE STATE AGREEMENT PROBLEM FOR MULTIPLE NONLINEAR DYNAMICAL SYSTEMS Zhiyun Lin, Bruce Francis, ON Canada M5S 3G4 Abstract: This paper studies the state agreement problem with the objective to ensure
Optimized dynamical control of state transfer through noisy spin chains
Analia Zwick; Gonzalo A. Alvarez; Guy Bensky; Gershon Kurizki
2015-01-09T23:59:59.000Z
We propose a method of optimally controlling the tradeoff of speed and fidelity of state transfer through a noisy quantum channel (spin-chain). This process is treated as qubit state-transfer through a fermionic bath. We show that dynamical modulation of the boundary-qubits levels can ensure state transfer with the best tradeoff of speed and fidelity. This is achievable by dynamically optimizing the transmission spectrum of the channel. The resulting optimal control is robust against both static and fluctuating noise in the channel's spin-spin couplings. It may also facilitate transfer in the presence of diagonal disorder (on site energy noise) in the channel.
A dynamic slack management technique for real-time distributed embedded systems
Acharya, Subrata
2006-04-12T23:59:59.000Z
This work presents a novel slack management technique, the Service Rate Based Slack Distribution Technique, for dynamic real-time distributed embedded systems targeting the reduction and management of energy consumption. Energy minimization...
A dynamic slack management technique for real-time distributed embedded systems
Acharya, Subrata
2006-04-12T23:59:59.000Z
This work presents a novel slack management technique, the Service Rate Based Slack Distribution Technique, for dynamic real-time distributed embedded systems targeting the reduction and management of energy consumption. Energy minimization...
Steady state relativistic stellar dynamics around a massive black hole
Bar-Or, Ben
2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
A massive black hole (MBH) consumes stars whose orbits evolve into the small phase-space volume of unstable orbits, the "loss-cone", which take them directly into the MBH, or close enough to interact strongly with it. The resulting phenomena: tidal heating and tidal disruption, binary capture and hyper-velocity star ejection, gravitational wave (GW) emission by inspiraling compact remnants, or hydrodynamical interactions with an accretion disk, are of interest as they can produce observable signatures and thereby reveal the existence of the MBH, affect its mass and spin evolution, probe strong gravity, and provide information on stars and gas near the MBH. The continuous loss of stars and the processes that resupply them shape the central stellar distribution. We investigate relativistic stellar dynamics near the loss-cone of a non-spinning MBH in steady-state analytically and by Monte Carlo simulations of the diffusion of the orbital parameters. These take into account Newtonian mass precession due to enclos...
Dynamic State Estimation Utilizing High Performance Computing Methods
Schneider, Kevin P.; Huang, Zhenyu; Yang, Bo; Hauer, Matthew L.; Nieplocha, Jaroslaw
2009-03-18T23:59:59.000Z
The state estimation tools which are currently deployed in power system control rooms are based on a quasi-steady-state assumption. As a result, the suite of operational tools that rely on state estimation results as inputs do not have dynamic information available and their accuracy is compromised. This paper presents an overview of the Kalman Filtering process and then focuses on the implementation of the predication component on multiple processors.
Optimal State Estimation for Boolean Dynamical Systems
Braga-Neto, Ulisses
of its components, f = (f1,f2,...,fd), where each component fi {0,1}d {0,1}, i = 1,...,d, is a Boolean Engineering Texas A & M University College Station, Texas 77843 Email: ub@ieee.org Abstract--A novel state
Security bounds for efficient decoy-state quantum key distribution
Marco Lucamarini; James F. Dynes; Bernd Fröhlich; Zhiliang Yuan; Andrew J. Shields
2015-03-25T23:59:59.000Z
Information-theoretical security of quantum key distribution (QKD) has been convincingly proven in recent years and remarkable experiments have shown the potential of QKD for real world applications. Due to its unique capability of combining high key rate and security in a realistic finite-size scenario, the efficient version of the BB84 QKD protocol endowed with decoy states has been subject of intensive research. Its recent experimental implementation finally demonstrated a secure key rate beyond 1 Mbps over a 50 km optical fiber. However the achieved rate holds under the restrictive assumption that the eavesdropper performs collective attacks. Here, we review the protocol and generalize its security. We exploit a map by Ahrens to rigorously upper bound the Hypergeometric distribution resulting from a general eavesdropping. Despite the extended applicability of the new protocol, its key rate is only marginally smaller than its predecessor in all cases of practical interest.
Universal dynamical decoupling of multiqubit states from environment
Liang Jiang; Adilet Imambekov
2011-12-29T23:59:59.000Z
We study the dynamical decoupling of multiqubit states from environment. For a system of m qubits, the nested Uhrig dynamical decoupling (NUDD) sequence can efficiently suppress generic decoherence induced by system-environment interaction to order N using (N+1)^2m pulses. We prove that the NUDD sequence is universal, i.e., it can restore the coherence of m-qubit quantum system independent of the details of system-environment interaction. We also construct a general mapping between dynamical decoupling problems and discrete quantum walks in certain functional spaces.
Sea quark transverse momentum distributions and dynamical chiral...
Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)
have many implications for modeling the initial conditions of perturbative QCD evolution of TMD distributions (starting scale, shape of psub T. distributions,...
Some computational aspects of multi-state dynamic programming
Gray, Albert Glen
1970-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
1970 ABSTRACT Some Computational Aspects of Multi-State Dynam1c Progrsmm1ng. (January 1970) Albert G. Gray, B. S. , University of Houston Directed by: Dr. W. L. Neier, Jr. Dynamic programming always has been haunted by the curse of state dimens1... results of a computational comparison of the two approaches along with a discuss1on of the merits of each. A computer code was developed for each in PORTRAN IV and run on the IBM 360/65. An example problem is presented which illustrates the accuracy...
Platform-independent dynamic reconfiguration of distributed applications Joo Paulo A. Almeidaa
van Sinderen, Marten
Platform-independent dynamic reconfiguration of distributed applications João Paulo A. Almeidaa. In recent years, support for transparent dynamic reconfiguration has been added to middleware platforms. These approaches to dynamic reconfiguration are mostly platform-specific and depend on particular implementation
Solid-State NMR Investigation of Block Copolymer Electrolyte Dynamics
Sadoway, Donald Robert
Solid-State NMR Investigation of Block Copolymer Electrolyte Dynamics D. J. Harris,*, T. J in solid polymer electrolytes. The electrolytic properties of lithium salt-doped poly(ethyl- ene oxide- vored candidates for polymer electrolytes.1,2 Some of the primary applications for polymer electrolyte
Webb, D.P.; Chan, F.Y.M.; Zou, X.C.; Chan, Y.C.; Lam, Y.W.; Lin, S.H.; O'Leary, S.K.; Lim, P.K.
1997-07-01T23:59:59.000Z
Recent experimental developments have cast doubt on the validity of the common assumption that the distribution of tail states of hydrogenated amorphous silicon exhibits a single exponential functional form. The authors employ transient photocurrent decay measurements to determine this distribution of tail states. In their approach, however, they determine the distribution of tail states directly from the experimental data, without assuming, a priori, a specific functional form. It is found that these experimental results are consistent with other more recent experimental determinations of the distribution of tail states, suggesting the possibility of deviations from a single exponential distribution of tail states in hydrogenated amorphous silicon.
Nonclassical polarization dynamics in classical-like states
Alfredo Luis; Angel S. Sanz
2014-12-23T23:59:59.000Z
Quantum polarization is investigated by means of a trajectory picture based on the Bohmian formulation of quantum mechanics. Relevant examples of classical-like two-mode field states are thus examined, namely Glauber and SU(2) coherent states. Although these states are often regarded as classical, the analysis here shows that the corresponding electric-field polarization trajectories display topologies very different from those expected from classical electrodynamics. Rather than incompatibility with the usual classical model, this result demonstrates the dynamical richness of quantum motions, determined by local variations of the system quantum phase in the corresponding (polarization) configuration space, absent in classical-like models. These variations can be related to the evolution in time of the phase, but also to its dependence on configurational coordinates, which is the crucial factor to generate motion in the case of stationary states like those here considered. In this regard, for completeness these results are compared those obtained from nonclassical N00N states.
State machine analysis of sensor data from dynamic processes
Cook, William R.; Brabson, John M.; Deland, Sharon M.
2003-12-23T23:59:59.000Z
A state machine model analyzes sensor data from dynamic processes at a facility to identify the actual processes that were performed at the facility during a period of interest for the purpose of remote facility inspection. An inspector can further input the expected operations into the state machine model and compare the expected, or declared, processes to the actual processes to identify undeclared processes at the facility. The state machine analysis enables the generation of knowledge about the state of the facility at all levels, from location of physical objects to complex operational concepts. Therefore, the state machine method and apparatus may benefit any agency or business with sensored facilities that stores or manipulates expensive, dangerous, or controlled materials or information.
Initial-state dependence of the quench dynamics in integrable quantum systems
Rigol, Marcos [Department of Physics,Georgetown University, Washington, DC 20057 (United States); Fitzpatrick, Mattias [Department of Physics,Georgetown University, Washington, DC 20057 (United States); Department of Physics, Middlebury College, Middlebury, Vermont 05753 (United States)
2011-09-15T23:59:59.000Z
We identify and study classes of initial states in integrable quantum systems that, after the relaxation dynamics following a sudden quench, lead to near-thermal expectation values of few-body observables. In the systems considered here, those states are found to be insulating ground states of lattice hard-core boson Hamiltonians. We show that, as a suitable parameter in the initial Hamiltonian is changed, those states become closer to Fock states (products of single site states) as the outcome of the relaxation dynamics becomes closer to the thermal prediction. At the same time, the energy density approaches a Gaussian. Furthermore, the entropy associated with the generalized canonical and generalized grand-canonical ensembles, introduced to describe observables in integrable systems after relaxation, approaches that of the conventional canonical and grand-canonical ensembles. We argue that those classes of initial states are special because a control parameter allows one to tune the distribution of conserved quantities to approach the one in thermal equilibrium. This helps in understanding the approach of all the quantities studied to their thermal expectation values. However, a finite-size scaling analysis shows that this behavior should not be confused with thermalization as understood for nonintegrable systems.
Trust-aware State Estimation Under False Data Injection in Distributed Sensor Networks
Baras, John S.
1 Trust-aware State Estimation Under False Data Injection in Distributed Sensor Networks Shanshan of nodes and the volatility of the network. In this paper, we focus on robust distributed state estimation Engineering University of Maryland, College Park, MD, 20742 Email: {sszheng,tjiang,baras}@umd.edu Abstract--Distributed
Vasquez, Juan Carlos
., & Guerrero, J. M. (2014). Voltage Scheduling Droop Control for State-of-Charge Balance of Distributed Energy-of-Charge Balance of Distributed Energy Storage in DC Microgrids," in Proc. IEEE International Energy Conference (EnergyCon'14), 2014. Voltage Scheduling Droop Control for State-of- Charge Balance of Distributed Energy
Wave packet dynamics of entangled two-mode states
C. Sudheesh; S. Lakshmibala; V. Balakrishnan
2006-03-02T23:59:59.000Z
We consider a model Hamiltonian describing the interaction of a single-mode radiation field with the atoms of a nonlinear medium, and study the dynamics of entanglement for specific non-entangled initial states of interest: namely, those in which the field mode is initially in a Fock state, a coherent state, or a photon-added coherent state. The counterparts of near-revivals and fractional revivals are shown to be clearly identifiable in the entropy of entanglement. The ``overlap fidelity'' of the system is another such indicator, and its behaviour corroborates that of the entropy of entanglement in the vicinity of near-revivals. The expectation values and higher moments of suitable quadrature variables are also examined, with reference to possible squeezing and higher-order squeezing.
Como, Giacomo
Strong resilience properties of dynamical networks are analyzed for distributed routing policies. The latter are characterized by the property that the way the outflow at a non-destination node gets split among its outgoing ...
Linking Stochastic Dynamics to Population Distribution: An Analytical Framework of Gene Expression
Xie, Xiaoliang Sunney
expression. (a) Kinetic schLinking Stochastic Dynamics to Population Distribution: An Analytical Framework of Gene Expression propagation in a simple genetic network. This model allows for the extraction of kinetic parameters of gene
Dynamic Distributed Multimedia: Seamless Sharing and Reconfiguration of Multimedia Flow Graphs
Lohse, Marco
Dynamic Distributed Multimedia: Seamless Sharing and Reconfiguration of Multimedia Flow Graphs Abstract Mobile devices with multimedia and networking capabilities are quickly becoming ubiquitous through the availability of small note- books, PDA, and in particular, mobile phones. However, most multimedia systems
An Approximate Dynamic Programming Approach for a Product Distribution Problem
Topaloglu, Huseyin
of a company manufacturing a certain product in numerous plants and distributing it to different regional with geographically distributed manufacturing facilities requires careful coordination. While planning the delivery, the forecasts of customer demands, the production capacities and the forecasts of future production quantities
Network Coding in Distributed, Dynamic, and Wireless Environments: Algorithms and Applications
Chaudhry, Mohammad
2012-02-14T23:59:59.000Z
CODING IN DISTRIBUTED, DYNAMIC, AND WIRELESS ENVIRONMENTS: ALGORITHMS AND APPLICATIONS A Dissertation by MOHAMMAD ASAD REHMAN CHAUDHRY Submitted to the O ce of Graduate Studies of Texas A&M University in partial ful llment of the requirements... for the degree of DOCTOR OF PHILOSOPHY December 2011 Major Subject: Electrical Engineering Network Coding in Distributed, Dynamic, and Wireless Environments: Algorithms and Applications Copyright 2011 Mohammad Asad Rehman Chaudhry NETWORK CODING...
Robust distributed routing in dynamical networks with cascading failures
Como, Giacomo
We consider a dynamical formulation of network flows, whereby the network is modeled as a switched system of ordinary differential equations derived from mass conservation laws on directed graphs with a single origin-destination ...
Methodology The electricity generation and distribution network in the Western United States is
Hall, Sharon J.
Methodology The electricity generation and distribution network in the Western United States is comprised of power plants, electric utilities, electrical transformers, transmission and distribution infrastructure, etc. We conceptualize the system as a transportation network with resources (electricity
Solid-State Halogen Atom Source for Chemical Dynamics and Etching...
Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)
Halogen Atom Source for Chemical Dynamics and Etching. Solid-State Halogen Atom Source for Chemical Dynamics and Etching. Abstract: We describe a solid state Br atom source for...
Reduced Measurement-space Dynamic State Estimation (ReMeDySE) for Power Systems
Zhang, Jinghe; Welch, Greg; Bishop, Gary; Huang, Zhenyu
2011-06-19T23:59:59.000Z
Abstract- Applying Kalman filtering techniques to dynamic state estimation is a developing research area in modern power systems.
Dynamic Classes: Modular Asynchronous Evolution of Distributed Concurrent Objects
Johnsen, Einar Broch
is partly funded by the EU projects IST-33826 CREDO: Modeling and Analysis of Evolutionary Structures for Distributed Services (http://credo.cwi.nl) and FP7-231620 HATS: Highly Adaptable and Trustworthy Software
Mass distribution of highly flattened galaxies and modified Newtonian dynamics
W. F. Kao
2006-06-10T23:59:59.000Z
Dynamics of spiral galaxies derived from a given surface mass density has been derived earlier in a classic paper. We try to transform the singular elliptic function in the integral into a compact integral with regular elliptic function. Solvable models are also considered as expansion basis for RC data. The result makes corresponding numerical evaluations easier and analytic analysis possible. It is applied to the study of the dynamics of Newtonian system and MOND as well. Careful treatment is shown to be important in dealing with the cut-off of the input data.
Strategic Sequencing for State Distributed PV Policies: A Quantitative...
Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)
in spurring the development of customer-sited distributed generation (DG), in particular solar photovoltaic (PV) markets. Prompted by that interest, this analysis examines the use...
Amplitude and phase dynamics in oscillators with distributed-delay coupling
Y. N. Kyrychko; K. B. Blyuss; E. Schoell
2012-09-01T23:59:59.000Z
This paper studies the effects of distributed delay coupling on the dynamics in a system of non-identical coupled Stuart-Landau oscillators. For uniform and gamma delay distribution kernels, conditions for amplitude death are obtained in terms of average frequency, frequency detuning and parameters of the coupling, including coupling strength and phase, as well as the mean time delay and the width of the delay distribution. To gain further insight into the dynamics inside amplitude death regions, eigenvalues of the corresponding characteristic equations are computed numerically. Oscillatory dynamics of the system is also investigated using amplitude and phase representation. Various branches of phase-locked solutions are identified, and their stability is analysed for different types of delay distributions.
Extended Abstract: Dynamic Distributed Constraint Satisfaction for Resource Allocation
Rossi, Francesca
of the problem, explaining the different sources of difficul ties, and a formal explanation of the strengths Modi University of Southern California/Information Sciences Institute 4676 Admiralty Way, Marina del the variety of approaches proposed for distributed resource allocation, a systematic formalization
A feasibility study for experimentally determining dynamic force distribution in a lap joint.
Mayes, Randall Lee
2013-11-01T23:59:59.000Z
Developing constitutive models of the physics in mechanical joints is currently stymied by inability to measure forces and displacements within the joint. The current state of the art estimates whole joint stiffness and energy loss per cycle from external measured force input and one or two acceleration responses. To validate constitutive models beyond this state requires a measurement of the distributed forces and displacements at the joint interface. Unfortunately, introducing measurement devices at the interface completely disrupts the desired physics. A feasibility study is presented for a non-intrusive method of solving for the interface dynamic forces from an inverse problem using full field measured responses. The responses come from the viewable surface of a beam. The noise levels associated with digital image correlation and continuous scanning laser Doppler velocimetry are evaluated from typical beam experiments. Two inverse problems are simulated. One utilizes the extended Sum of Weighted Accelerations Technique (SWAT). The second is a new approach dubbed the method of truncated orthogonal forces. These methods are much more robust if the contact patch geometry is well identified. Various approaches to identifying the contact patch are investigated, including ion marker tracking, Prussian blue and ultrasonic measurements. A typical experiment is conceived for a beam which has a lap joint at one end with a single bolt connecting it to another identical beam. In a virtual test using the beam finite element analysis, it appears that the SWAT inverse method requires evaluation of too many coefficients to adequately identify the force distribution to be viable. However, the method of truncated orthogonal forces appears viable with current digital image correlation (and probably other) imaging techniques.
On Reducing the Global State Graph for Verification of Distributed Computations
Garg, Vijay
On Reducing the Global State Graph for Verification of Distributed Computations Arindam Chakraborty and Vijay K. Garg Parallel and Distributed Systems Laboratory The University of Texas at Austin Austin, TX 78712, USA {chakrabo,garg}@ece.utexas.edu Abstract Correct distributed programs are very hard to write
Dynamics of NO reduction by H2 on Rh(111): Velocity and angular distributions of the N2 product
Sibener, Steven
examine the dynamics of the NO H2 reaction on the Rh 111 surface by measuring the velocity distribution. Product velocity distributions have been measured for a number of surface reactions, and show a wideDynamics of NO reduction by H2 on Rh(111): Velocity and angular distributions of the N2 product J
Secure Code Distribution in Dynamically Programmable Wireless Sensor Networks
Han, Richard Y.
amount of overhead to a conventional non-secure reprogramming scheme, namely Deluge, and are therefore. For example, the Deluge code propagation protocol [12] implements a three phase Advertise-Request- Data polite is necessary is transmitted. Deluge benefits from a soft state design in that, as data is reliably flooded hop
Load Modeling and State Estimation Methods for Power Distribution Systems: Final Report
Tom McDermott
2010-05-07T23:59:59.000Z
The project objective was to provide robust state estimation for distribution systems, comparable to what has been available on transmission systems for decades. This project used an algorithm called Branch Current State Estimation (BCSE), which is more effective than classical methods because it decouples the three phases of a distribution system, and uses branch current instead of node voltage as a state variable, which is a better match to current measurement.
Feasibility Studies of Applying Kalman Filter Techniques to Power System Dynamic State Estimation
Huang, Zhenyu; Schneider, Kevin P.; Nieplocha, Jarek
2007-08-01T23:59:59.000Z
Abstract—Lack of dynamic information in power system operations mainly attributes to the static modeling of traditional state estimation, as state estimation is the basis driving many other operations functions. This paper investigates the feasibility of applying Kalman filter techniques to enable the inclusion of dynamic modeling in the state estimation process and the estimation of power system dynamic states. The proposed Kalman-filter-based dynamic state estimation is tested on a multi-machine system with both large and small disturbances. Sensitivity studies of the dynamic state estimation performance with respect to measurement characteristics – sampling rate and noise level – are presented as well. The study results show that there is a promising path forward to implementation the Kalman-filter-based dynamic state estimation with the emerging phasor measurement technologies.
McGuire, A. David
- Environmental variation, vegetation distribution, carbon dynamics, and water/energy exchange environmental variables, vegetation distribution, carbon dynamics, and water and energy exchange distribution, carbon stocks and turnover, and water and energy exchange are related to environmental variation
On-line hydraulic state prediction for water distribution systems
Whittle, Andrew
This paper describes and demonstrates a method for on?line hydraulic state prediction in urban water networks. The proposed method uses a Predictor?Corrector (PC) approach in which a statistical data?driven algorithm is ...
Bajaj, Vikram Singh
2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
Solid state NMR can probe structure and dynamics on length scales from the atomic to the supramolecular. However, low sensitivity limits its application in macromolecules. NMR sensitivity can be improved by dynamic nuclear ...
SAMPLING, DISTRIBUTION, DISPERSAL Larval Mosquito Habitat Utilization and Community Dynamics of
vector of dengue and dengue hemorrhagic fever (Estrada-Franco and Craig 1995, Knudsen et al. 1996). Ae. albopictus was solely respon- sible from the outbreak of dengue fever in Hawaii during 2001 (Efßer et alSAMPLING, DISTRIBUTION, DISPERSAL Larval Mosquito Habitat Utilization and Community Dynamics
Small-Signal Stability Assessment of Active Distribution Networks with Dynamic Loads
Pota, Himanshu Roy
the flow of power and the voltage profiles of the system and these profiles are different for different types of loads [3]. In addition to the power flow at and around N. K. Roy, H. R. Pota, and T. F. OrchiSmall-Signal Stability Assessment of Active Distribution Networks with Dynamic Loads N. K. Roy
Sadykova, S. P.; Ebeling, W.; Sokolov, I. M. [Humboldt-Universitaet zu Berlin (Germany); Valuev, I. A. [Russian Academy of Sciences, Joint Institute for High Temperatures (Russian Federation)
2010-12-15T23:59:59.000Z
A symmetric model of a two-component plasma is considered and the distributions of electric microfields acting on charged and neutral particles are calculated using the method of molecular dynamics at a fixed temperature of T = 30000 K and different values of the coupling parameter 0.2 {<=} {Gamma} {<=} 1.2. Changes in these distributions with varying {Gamma} are discussed. Special attention is paid to the behavior of the distribution tails. The behavior of these tails at a neutral point is shown to agree with the tails of the Holtsmark distribution, whereas the tails of the distribution at a charge are considerably heavier and are characterized by the exponent that varies within the range from -2.2 up to -1.8 as {Gamma} increases.
Statistics of voltage drop in distribution circuits: a dynamic programming approach
Turitsyn, Konstantin S [Los Alamos National Laboratory
2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
We analyze a power distribution line with high penetration of distributed generation and strong variations of power consumption and generation levels. In the presence of uncertainty the statistical description of the system is required to assess the risks of power outages. In order to find the probability of exceeding the constraints for voltage levels we introduce the probability distribution of maximal voltage drop and propose an algorithm for finding this distribution. The algorithm is based on the assumption of random but statistically independent distribution of loads on buses. Linear complexity in the number of buses is achieved through the dynamic programming technique. We illustrate the performance of the algorithm by analyzing a simple 4-bus system with high variations of load levels.
State-to-state dynamics of the H{sup *}(n) + HD ? D{sup *}(n{sup ?}) + H{sub 2} reactive scattering
Yu, Shengrui; Su, Shu; Dai, Dongxu; Yuan, Kaijun, E-mail: kjyuan@dicp.ac.cn, E-mail: xmyang@dicp.ac.cn; Yang, Xueming, E-mail: kjyuan@dicp.ac.cn, E-mail: xmyang@dicp.ac.cn [State Key Laboratory of Molecular Reaction Dynamics, Dalian Institute of Chemical Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, 457 Zhongshan Road, Dalian 116023 (China)] [State Key Laboratory of Molecular Reaction Dynamics, Dalian Institute of Chemical Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, 457 Zhongshan Road, Dalian 116023 (China)
2014-01-21T23:59:59.000Z
The state-to-state dynamics of the H{sup *}(n) + HD ? D{sup *}(n{sup ?}) + H{sub 2} reactive scattering at the collision energy of 0.5 eV have been carried out for the first time by using H-atom Rydberg tagging time-of-flight technique. Experimental results show that the angular distribution of the total H{sub 2} products presents clearly forward-backward asymmetric, which considerably differs from that of the corresponding H{sup +} + HD ? D{sup +} + H{sub 2} reaction predicted by previously theoretical calculations. Such disagreement between these two processes suggests that the Fermi independent-collider model is also not valid in describing the dynamics of isotopic variants of the H{sup *} + H{sub 2} reaction. The rotational state distribution of the H{sub 2} products demonstrates a saw-toothed distribution with odd-j{sup ?} > even-j{sup ?}. This interesting observation is strongly influenced by nuclear spin statistics.
Distributed state estimation and model predictive control of linear interconnected system
Boyer, Edmond
requirements, modern control systems are becoming more and more complex. For these processes, different controlDistributed state estimation and model predictive control of linear interconnected system: In this paper, a distributed and networked control system architecture based on independent Model Predictive
Rahman, A.K.M. Ashikur
Dynamic Control of Electricity Cost with Power Demand Smoothing and Peak Shaving for Distributed a major part of their running costs. Modern electric power grid provides a feasible way to dynamically and efficiently manage the electricity cost of distributed IDCs based on the Locational Marginal Pricing (LMP
Ultrafast Dynamics of 1,3-Cyclohexadiene in Highly Excited States
Minitti, Michael P.
2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
The ultrafast dynamics of 1,3-cyclohexadiene has been investigated via structurally sensitive Rydberg electron binding energies and shown to differ upon excitation to the 1B state and the 3p Rydberg state. Excitation of ...
Ground-state and dynamical properties of two-dimensional dipolar Fermi liquids
Abedinpour, Saeed H., E-mail: abedinpour@iasbs.ac.ir [Department of Physics, Institute for Advanced Studies in Basic Sciences (IASBS), Zanjan 45137-66731 (Iran, Islamic Republic of); School of Physics, Institute for Research in Fundamental Sciences (IPM), Tehran 19395-5531 (Iran, Islamic Republic of); Asgari, Reza [School of Physics, Institute for Research in Fundamental Sciences (IPM), Tehran 19395-5531 (Iran, Islamic Republic of)] [School of Physics, Institute for Research in Fundamental Sciences (IPM), Tehran 19395-5531 (Iran, Islamic Republic of); Tanatar, B. [Department of Physics, Bilkent University, Bilkent, 06800 Ankara (Turkey)] [Department of Physics, Bilkent University, Bilkent, 06800 Ankara (Turkey); Polini, Marco [NEST, Istituto Nanoscienze-CNR and Scuola Normale Superiore, I-56126 Pisa (Italy)] [NEST, Istituto Nanoscienze-CNR and Scuola Normale Superiore, I-56126 Pisa (Italy)
2014-01-15T23:59:59.000Z
We study the ground-state properties of a two-dimensional spin-polarized fluid of dipolar fermions within the Euler–Lagrange Fermi-hypernetted-chain approximation. Our method is based on the solution of a scattering Schrödinger equation for the “pair amplitude” ?(g(r)), where g(r) is the pair distribution function. A key ingredient in our theory is the effective pair potential, which includes a bosonic term from Jastrow–Feenberg correlations and a fermionic contribution from kinetic energy and exchange, which is tailored to reproduce the Hartree–Fock limit at weak coupling. Very good agreement with recent results based on quantum Monte Carlo simulations is achieved over a wide range of coupling constants up to the liquid-to-crystal quantum phase transition. Using the fluctuation–dissipation theorem and a static approximation for the effective inter-particle interactions, we calculate the dynamical density–density response function, and furthermore demonstrate that an undamped zero-sound mode exists for any value of the interaction strength, down to infinitesimally weak couplings. -- Highlights: •We have studied the ground state properties of a strongly correlated two-dimensional fluid of dipolar fermions. •We have calculated the effective inter-particle interaction and the dynamical density–density response function. •We have shown that an undamped zero sound mode exists at any value of the interaction strength.
EIA - Distribution of U.S. Coal by Origin State
Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)
AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level:5 TablesExports to3,1,50022,3,,0,,6,1,Separation 23 362 334 318 706Production% of Total ResidentialDecade67,338AOrigin State Glossary Home > Coal>
Ole L. Trinhammer
2012-06-25T23:59:59.000Z
We present a hamiltonian structure on the Lie group u(3) to describe the baryon spectrum. The ground state is identified with the proton. From this single fit we calculate approximately the relative neutron to proton mass shift to within half a percentage of the experimental value. From the same fit we calculate the nucleon and delta resonance spectrum with correct grouping and no missing resonances. For specific spin eigenfunctions we calculate the delta to nucleon mass ratio to within one percent. Finally we derive parton distribution functions that compare well with those for the proton valence quarks. The distributions are generated by projecting the proton state to space via the exterior derivative on u(3). We predict scarce neutral flavour singlets which should be visible in neutron diffraction dissociation experiments or in invariant mass spectra of protons and negative pions in B-decays and in photoproduction on neutrons. The presence of such singlet states distinguishes experimentally the present model from the standard model as does the prediction of the neutron to proton mass splitting. Conceptually the Hamiltonian may describe an effective phenomenology or more radically describe interior dynamics implying quarks and gluons as projections from u(3) which we then call allospace.
Fault Detection in Distributed Climate Sensor Networks using Dynamic Bayesian Networks
Chin, George; Choudhury, Sutanay; Kangas, Lars J.; McFarlane, Sally A.; Marquez, Andres
2010-12-07T23:59:59.000Z
The Atmospheric Radiation Measurement program operated by U.S. Department of Energy is one of the largest climate research programs dedicated to the collection of long-term continuous measurements of cloud properties and other key components of the earth’s climate system. Given the critical role that collected ARM data plays in the analysis of atmospheric processes and conditions and in the enhancement and evaluation of global climate models, the production and distribution of high-quality data is one of ARM’s primary mission objectives. Fault detection in ARM’s distributed sensor network is one critical ingredient towards maintaining high quality and useful data. We are modeling ARM’s distributed sensor network as a dynamic Bayesian network where key measurements are mapped to Bayesian network variables. We then define the conditional dependencies between variables by discovering highly correlated variable pairs from historical data. The resultant dynamic Bayesian network provides an automated approach to identifying whether certain sensors are malfunctioning or failing in the distributed sensor network. A potential fault or failure is detected when an observed measurement is not consistent with its expected measurement and the observed measurements of other related sensors in the Bayesian network. We present some of our experiences and promising results with the fault detection dynamic Bayesian network.
Baldick, Ross
) and the Southwest Power Pool (SPP) systems. I. INTRODUCTION TO HOST SCADA and Energy Management System soft- ware1240 IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON POWER SYSTEMS, VOL. 15, NO. 4, NOVEMBER 2000 State Estimation Distributed- rithm to Power Systems State Estimation. We apply the Auxiliary Problem Principle to develop
2002 AUGUST 24 LIMB FLARE LOOP: DYNAMICS OF MICROWAVE BRIGHTNESS DISTRIBUTION
Reznikova, V. E.; Ji, H. [Purple Mountain Observatory, Chinese Academy of Sciences, 2 West Beijing Road, Nanjing 210008 (China); Melnikov, V. F.; Gorbikov, S. P.; Pyatakov, N. P. [Radiophysical Research Institute (NIRFI), Nizhny Novgorod 603950 (Russian Federation); Shibasaki, K. [Nobeyama Solar Radio Observatory/NAOJ, Nagano 384-1305 (Japan); Myagkova, I. N. [Lomonosov Moscow State University, Skobeltsyn Institute of Nuclear Physics, Moscow (Russian Federation)], E-mail: vreznikova@nirfi.sci-nnov.ru
2009-05-20T23:59:59.000Z
High-resolution radio observation of Nobeyama Radioheliograph at 17 and 34 GHz allowed studying the dynamics of microwave brightness distribution along the giant limb flaring loop in the event of 2002 August 24. It is found that on the rising phase of the radio burst the brightness distribution was highly asymmetric, with a strong maximum near the southern footpoint (SFP) and much weaker brightness enhancements near the loop top (LT) and northern footpoint. On the decay phase, the LT gradually became most bright. The similar dynamics of brightness distribution are shown to happen for all major temporal subpeaks of the burst. Results of our diagnostics show two important properties: (1) the number density of mildly relativistic electrons in the LT is much higher than near the footpoints (FPs) during rise, maximum and decay of each major peak; and (2) the ratio of the electron number densities in the LT and an FP increases from the maximum to decay phase. Model simulations with making use of the nonstationary Fokker-Planck equation have allowed us to find the model explaining the major properties of the microwave brightness distribution and dynamics. The model is characterized by a compact source of electrons located near the center of an asymmetric magnetic loop; the source is nonstationary, long lasting, and injecting high-energy electrons with the pitch-angle distribution mostly directed toward the SFP but also having a very weak isotropic component. This easily explains the observed brightness asymmetry. The observed dynamics comes due to two reasons: faster precipitation of electrons having their mirror points near the ends of the magnetic trap, and relatively faster decay of the lower energy electrons responsible for the gyrosynchrotron emission near the FPs with higher magnetic field.
Dynamic Versus Steady-State Modeling of FACTS Controllers in Transmission Congestion
Cañizares, Claudio A.
1 Dynamic Versus Steady-State Modeling of FACTS Controllers in Transmission Congestion Claudio A of dynamic models of power systems elements, including FACTS controllers, and a better representation controller dynamic models in market clearing and power dispatch. The research work presented here
Toward a 6 DOF Body State Estimator for a Hexapod Robot with Dynamical Gaits
Lin, Pei-Chun
Toward a 6 DOF Body State Estimator for a Hexapod Robot with Dynamical Gaits Pei-Chun Lin on a continuous time full body state estimator for a hexapod robot operating in the dynamical regime (entailing-per-stride estimates. I. INTRODUCTION The hexapod, RHex [1], exhibits unprecedented mobility for a legged autonomous
Controlling protein molecular dynamics: How to accelerate folding while preserving the native state
Nerukh, Dmitry
Controlling protein molecular dynamics: How to accelerate folding while preserving the native state state of the protein and at the same time, reduce the folding time in the simulation. We investigate 2008; accepted 14 October 2008; published online 11 December 2008 The dynamics of peptides and proteins
Dynamics of modal power distribution in a multimode semiconductor laser with optical feedback
J. M. Buldu; J. Trull; M. C. Torrent; J. Garcia-Ojalvo; Claudio R. Mirasso
2001-08-08T23:59:59.000Z
The dynamics of power distribution between longitudinal modes of a multimode semiconductor laser subjected to external optical feedback is experimentally analyzed in the low-frequency fluctuation regime. Power dropouts in the total light intensity are invariably accompanied by sudden activations of several longitudinal modes. These activations are seen not to be simultaneous to the dropouts, but to occur after them. The phenomenon is statistically analysed in a systematic way, and the corresponding delay is estimated.
Gregor Tanner
2008-03-12T23:59:59.000Z
We propose a new approach towards determining the distribution of mechanical and acoustic wave energy in complex built-up structures. The technique interpolates between standard Statistical Energy Analysis (SEA) and full ray tracing containing both these methods as limiting case. By writing the flow of ray trajectories in terms of linear phase space operators, it is suggested here to reformulate ray-tracing algorithms in terms of boundary operators containing only short ray segments. SEA can now be identified as a low resolution ray tracing algorithm and typical SEA assumptions can be quantified in terms of the properties of the ray dynamics. The new technique presented here enhances the range of applicability of standard SEA considerably by systematically incorporating dynamical correlations wherever necessary. Some of the inefficiencies inherent in typical ray tracing methods can be avoided using only a limited amount of the geometrical ray information. The new dynamical theory - Dynamical Energy Analysis (DEA) - thus provides a universal approach towards determining wave energy distributions in complex structures.
Rose, Amy N [ORNL; Bright, Eddie A [ORNL
2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
Advances in remote sensing, dasymetric mapping techniques, and the ever-increasing availability of spatial datasets have enhanced global human population distribution databases. These datasets demonstrate an enormous improvement over the conventional use of choropleth maps to represent population distribution and are vital for analysis and planning purposes including humanitarian response, disease mapping, risk analysis, and evacuation modeling. Dasymetric mapping techniques have been employed to address spatial mismatch, but also to develop finer resolution population distributions in areas of the world where subnational census data are coarse or non-existent. One such implementation is the LandScan Global model which provides a 30 arc-second global population distribution based on ancillary datasets such as land cover, slope, proximity to roads, and settlement locations. This work will review the current state of the LandScan model, future innovations aimed at increasing spatial and demographic resolution, and situate LandScan within the landscape of other global population distribution datasets.
Practical Attacks on Decoy State Quantum Key Distribution Systems with Detector Efficiency Mismatch
Fei Yangyang; Gao Ming; Wang Weilong; Li Chaobo; Ma Zhi
2015-07-23T23:59:59.000Z
To the active basis choice decoy state quantum key distribution systems with detector efficiency mismatch, we present a modified attack strategy, which is based on faked states attack, with quantum nondemolition measurement ability to restress the threat of detector efficiency mismatch. Considering that perfect quantum nondemolition measurement ability dose not exist in real life, we also propose a practical attack strategy using photon number resolving detectors. Theoretical analysis and numerical simulation results show that, without changing the channel, our attack strategies are serious threats to decoy state quantum key distribution systems. The eavesdropper may get some information ab out the secret key without causing any alarms. Besides, the lower bound of detector efficiency mismatch to run our modified faked states attack successfully with perfect quantum nondemolition measurement ability is also given out, which provides the producers of quantum key distribution systems with a reference and can be treated as the approximate secure bound of detector efficiency mismatch in decoy state quantum key distribution systems.
Dynamic control of spin states in interacting magnetic elements
Jain, Shikha; Novosad, Valentyn
2014-10-07T23:59:59.000Z
A method for the control of the magnetic states of interacting magnetic elements comprising providing a magnetic structure with a plurality of interacting magnetic elements. The magnetic structure comprises a plurality of magnetic states based on the state of each interacting magnetic element. The desired magnetic state of the magnetic structure is determined. The active resonance frequency and amplitude curve of the desired magnetic state is determined. Each magnetic element of the magnetic structure is then subjected to an alternating magnetic field or electrical current having a frequency and amplitude below the active resonance frequency and amplitude curve of said desired magnetic state and above the active resonance frequency and amplitude curve of the current state of the magnetic structure until the magnetic state of the magnetic structure is at the desired magnetic state.
Egorov, E. N., E-mail: evgeniy.n.egorov@gmail.com; Koronovskii, A. A.; Kurkin, S. A.; Hramov, A. E. [Chernyshevsky Saratov State University (Russian Federation)] [Chernyshevsky Saratov State University (Russian Federation)
2013-11-15T23:59:59.000Z
Results of numerical simulations and analysis of the formation and nonlinear dynamics of the squeezed state of a helical electron beam in a vircator with a magnetron injection gun as an electron source and with additional electron deceleration are presented. The ranges of control parameters where the squeezed state can form in such a system are revealed, and specific features of the system dynamics are analyzed. It is shown that the formation of a squeezed state of a nonrelativistic helical electron beam in a system with electron deceleration is accompanied by low-frequency longitudinal dynamics of the space charge.
Doris, E.; Krasko, V.A.
2012-10-01T23:59:59.000Z
State and local policymakers show increasing interest in spurring the development of customer-sited distributed generation (DG), in particular solar photovoltaic (PV) markets. Prompted by that interest, this analysis examines the use of state policy as a tool to support the development of a robust private investment market. This analysis builds on previous studies that focus on government subsidies to reduce installation costs of individual projects and provides an evaluation of the impacts of policies on stimulating private market development.
Yong Shen; Jian Yang; Hong Guo
2009-06-29T23:59:59.000Z
Security of a continuous-variable quantum key distribution protocol based on noisy coherent states and channel is analyzed. Assuming the noise of coherent states is induced by Fred, a neutral party relative to others, we prove that the prepare and measurement scheme and entanglement-based scheme are equivalent. Then, we show that this protocol is secure against Gaussian collective attacks even if the channel is lossy and noisy, and further, a lower bound to the secure key rate is derived.
Kamal, Sameer A. (Sameer Ahmed)
2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
This thesis describes the use of a distributed hydrology model in conjunction with a Factor of Safety (FS) algorithm to predict dynamic landslide susceptibility for a humid basin in Puerto Rico. The Mameyes basin, located ...
Tsakiris, N.; Gill-Comeau, M.; Lewis, L. J. [Département de Physique et Regroupement Québécois sur les Matériaux de Pointe (RQMP), Université de Montréal, C.P. 6128, Succursale Centre-Ville, Montréal, Québec H3C 3J7 (Canada); Anoop, K. K.; Ausanio, G.; Bruzzese, R.; Amoruso, S., E-mail: amoruso@na.infn.it [Dipartimento di Fisica, Università degli Studi di Napoli Federico II and CNR-SPIN, Complesso Universitario di Monte S. Angelo, Via Cintia, I-80126 Napoli (Italy)
2014-06-28T23:59:59.000Z
We address the role of laser pulse fluence on expansion dynamics and size distribution of the nanoparticles produced by irradiating a metallic target with an ultrashort laser pulse in a vacuum, an issue for which contrasting indications are present in the literature. To this end, we have carried out a combined theoretical and experimental analysis of laser ablation of a bulk copper target with ?50 fs, 800?nm pulses, in an interval of laser fluencies going from few to several times the ablation threshold. On one side, molecular dynamics simulations, with two-temperature model, describe the decomposition of the material through the analysis of the evolution of thermodynamic trajectories in the material phase diagram, and allow estimating the size distribution of the generated nano-aggregates. On the other side, atomic force microscopy of less than one layer nanoparticles deposits on witness plates, and fast imaging of the nanoparticles broadband optical emission provide the corresponding experimental characterization. Both experimental and numerical findings agree on a size distribution characterized by a significant fraction (?90%) of small nanoparticles, and a residual part (?10%) spanning over a rather large size interval, evidencing a weak dependence of the nanoparticles sizes on the laser pulse fluence. Numerical and experimental findings show a good degree of consistency, thus suggesting that modeling can realistically support the search for experimental methods leading to an improved control over the generation of nanoparticles by ultrashort laser ablation.
Fardad, Makan
On the State-Space Design of Optimal Controllers for Distributed Systems with Finite Communication-space framework in which such controllers can be described. We show that the optimal control problem is not convex systems a desired scenario is to have each subsystem possess its own controller and each controller
Overlap distributions and taxonomy analysis of spin glass states with equal weights
Paris-Sud XI, Université de
499 Overlap distributions and taxonomy analysis of spin glass states with equal weights N. Parga) Résumé. 2014 Nous utilisons des techniques de taxonomie numérique pour vérifier l'ultramétricité des entre échantillons disparaissent. Abstract. 2014 Techniques of numerical taxonomy are used to make
Asymmetric lateral distribution of melanoma and Merkel cell carcinoma in the United States
Nghiem, Paul
Asymmetric lateral distribution of melanoma and Merkel cell carcinoma in the United States Kelly G incidences of two ultraviolet-linked skin cancers, malignant melanoma (MM) and Merkel cell carcinoma (MCC and MCC). In all, 53% of arm melanomas, 51% of facial melanomas, and 52% of leg melanomas presented
Population Dynamics and Tropical Deforestation: State of the Debate and Conceptual Challenges
Lopez-Carr, David
); population. Please address correspondence to David L. Carr, University of California, Santa Barbara, CA, USAPopulation Dynamics and Tropical Deforestation: State of the Debate and Conceptual Challenges David L. Carr Laurel Suter University of California Alisson Barbieri Carolina Population Center What
How trehalose protects DNA in the dry state: a molecular dynamics simulation
Fu, Xuebing
2008-10-10T23:59:59.000Z
Molecular dynamics simulations were conducted on a system consisting of a decamer DNA solvated by trehalose and water (molecular ratio= 1:2), to mimic a relatively dry state for the DNA molecule. Simulations were performed ...
Macroscopic description of complex adaptive networks co-evolving with dynamic node states
Wiedermann, Marc; Heitzig, Jobst; Lucht, Wolfgang; Kurths, Jürgen
2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
In many real-world complex systems, the time-evolution of the network's structure and the dynamic state of its nodes are closely entangled. Here, we study opinion formation and imitation on an adaptive complex network which is dependent on the individual dynamic state of each node and vice versa to model the co-evolution of renewable resources with the dynamics of harvesting agents on a social network. The adaptive voter model is coupled to a set of identical logistic growth models and we show that in such systems, the rate of interactions between nodes as well as the adaptive rewiring probability play a crucial role for the sustainability of the system's equilibrium state. We derive a macroscopic description of the system which provides a general framework to model and quantify the influence of single node dynamics on the macroscopic state of the network and is applicable to many fields of study, such as epidemic spreading or social modeling.
Liu, Qingming; Zhang, Yunming
2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
The detail structure of energy output and the dynamic characteristics of electric spark discharge process have been studied to calculate the energy of electric spark induced plasma under different discharge condition accurately. A series of electric spark discharge experiments were conducted with the capacitor stored energy in the range of 10J 100J and 1000J respectively. And the resistance of wire, switch and plasma between electrodes were evaluated by different methods. An optimized method for electric resistance evaluation of the full discharge circuit, three poles switch and electric spark induced plasma during the discharge process was put forward. The electric energy consumed by wire, electric switch and electric spark induced plasma between electrodes were obtained by Joules law. The structure of energy distribution and the dynamic process of energy release during the capacitor discharge process have been studied. Experiments results showed that, with the increase of capacitor released energy, the dura...
Integrated Scheduling and Dynamic Optimization of Batch Processes Using State Equipment Networks
Grossmann, Ignacio E.
Integrated Scheduling and Dynamic Optimization of Batch Processes Using State Equipment Networks value to existing assets Improving plant reliability 1 J.M. Wassick and J. Ferrio. Extending A batch plant with existing equipment A time horizon to make products Dynamic models of process operations
Synchrotron and Compton Spectra from a Steady-State Electron Distribution
Rephaeli, Yoel
2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
Energy densities of relativistic electrons and protons in extended galactic and intracluster regions are commonly determined from spectral radio and (rarely) $\\gamma$-ray measurements. The time-independent particle spectral density distributions are commonly assumed to have a power-law (PL) form over the relevant energy range. A theoretical relation between energy densities of electrons and protons is usually adopted, and energy equipartition is invoked to determine the mean magnetic field strength in the emitting region. We show that for typical conditions, in both star-forming and starburst galaxies, these estimates need to be scaled down substantially due to significant energy losses that (effectively) flatten the electron spectral density distribution, resulting in a much lower energy density than deduced when the distribution is assumed to have a PL form. The steady-state electron distribution in the nuclear regions of starburst galaxies is calculated by accounting for Coulomb, bremsstrahlung, Compton, a...
Johansson, Karl Henrik
to the inherent difficulties with distributed PI control, automatic fre- quency control of power systems1750 IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON AUTOMATIC CONTROL, VOL. 59, NO. 7, JULY 2014 Distributed Control-order networked dynamical systems. We propose a class of nonlinear consensus controllers where the input of each
Pedram, Massoud
An Energy-Aware Simulation Model and Transaction Protocol for Dynamic Workload Distribution an undesirable occurrence. Uneven distribution of energy resources and computational workloads is especially for detailed evaluation of the performance of different energy management policies in a MANET. Next it presents
Xu, Yan [ORNL; Li, Fangxing [ORNL; Kueck, John D [ORNL; Rizy, D Tom [ORNL
2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
Distributed energy (DE) resources are power sources located near load centers and equipped with power electronics converters to interface with the grid, therefore it is feasible for DE to provide reactive power (along with active power) locally for dynamic voltage regulation. In this paper, a synchronous condenser and a microturbine with an inverter interface are implemented in parallel in a distribution system to regulate the local voltage. Developed voltage control schemes for the inverter and the synchronous condenser are presented. Experimental results show that both the inverter and the synchronous condenser can regulate the local voltage instantaneously although the dynamic response of the inverter is much faster than the synchronous condenser. In a system with multiple DEs performing local voltage regulation, the interaction between the DEs is studied. The simulation results show the relationship between the voltages in the system and the reactive power required for the voltage regulation. Also, integrated voltage regulation (multiple DEs performing voltage regulation) can increase the voltage regulation capability of DEs and reduce the capital and operating costs.
Identification of the protein folding transition state from molecular dynamics trajectories
Caflisch, Amedeo
Identification of the protein folding transition state from molecular dynamics trajectories S. Muff The rate of protein folding is governed by the transition state so that a detailed characterization of its. INTRODUCTION Proteins fold from the heterogeneous set of denatured conformations to the structurally well
Groundwater dynamics along a hillslope: A test of the steady state hypothesis
McDonnell, Jeffrey J.
Groundwater dynamics along a hillslope: A test of the steady state hypothesis Jan Seibert,1 Kevin modeling is that the relation between groundwater levels and runoff can be described as a succession of steady state conditions. This results in a single- valued, monotonic function between the groundwater
Sensor Data Fusion for Body State Estimation in a Hexapod Robot with Dynamical Gaits
Lin, Pei-Chun
Sensor Data Fusion for Body State Estimation in a Hexapod Robot with Dynamical Gaits Pei-Chun Lin toward a continuous time full 6 DOF translational body state estimator for a hexapod robot executing this estimation procedure on the hexapod robot RHex and evaluate its per- formance using a visual ground truth
Maggiore, Manfredi
Coupled Dynamic Systems: From Structure Towards State Agreement Zhiyun Lin, Bruce Francis, and Manfredi Maggiore Abstract-- The state agreement problem is studied for non- linear continuous-time systems. A general interconnection of nonlinear subsystems is treated, where the vector fields can switch within
Dynamic Interactions in the Western United States Electricity Spot Markets Christine A. Jerko
Dynamic Interactions in the Western United States Electricity Spot Markets Christine A. Jerko Economic Research Analyst at Tractebel Electricity & Gas International, Houston, TX James W. Mjelde interactions between six electricity spot markets in the western United States are examined using time series
Pore-scale dynamics of salt transport and distribution in drying porous media
Shokri, Nima, E-mail: nima.shokri@manchester.ac.uk [School of Chemical Engineering and Analytical Science, University of Manchester, Manchester M13 9PL (United Kingdom)] [School of Chemical Engineering and Analytical Science, University of Manchester, Manchester M13 9PL (United Kingdom)
2014-01-15T23:59:59.000Z
Understanding the physics of water evaporation from saline porous media is important in many natural and engineering applications such as durability of building materials and preservation of monuments, water quality, and mineral-fluid interactions. We applied synchrotron x-ray micro-tomography to investigate the pore-scale dynamics of dissolved salt distribution in a three dimensional drying saline porous media using a cylindrical plastic column (15 mm in height and 8 mm in diameter) packed with sand particles saturated with CaI{sub 2} solution (5% concentration by mass) with a spatial and temporal resolution of 12 ?m and 30 min, respectively. Every time the drying sand column was set to be imaged, two different images were recorded using distinct synchrotron x-rays energies immediately above and below the K-edge value of Iodine. Taking the difference between pixel gray values enabled us to delineate the spatial and temporal distribution of CaI{sub 2} concentration at pore scale. Results indicate that during early stages of evaporation, air preferentially invades large pores at the surface while finer pores remain saturated and connected to the wet zone at bottom via capillary-induced liquid flow acting as evaporating spots. Consequently, the salt concentration increases preferentially in finer pores where evaporation occurs. Higher salt concentration was observed close to the evaporating surface indicating a convection-driven process. The obtained salt profiles were used to evaluate the numerical solution of the convection-diffusion equation (CDE). Results show that the macro-scale CDE could capture the overall trend of the measured salt profiles but fail to produce the exact slope of the profiles. Our results shed new insight on the physics of salt transport and its complex dynamics in drying porous media and establish synchrotron x-ray tomography as an effective tool to investigate the dynamics of salt transport in porous media at high spatial and temporal resolution.
Najmabadi, Farrokh
Laser wavelength effects on the charge state resolved ion energy distributions from laser of laser wavelength on the charge state resolved ion energy distributions from laser-produced Sn plasma freely expanding into vacuum are investigated. Planar Sn targets are irradiated at laser wavelengths
Vasquez, Juan Carlos
nature of renewable energy sources and changes of load demand. Apart from that, the use of distributed of Distributed Energy Storage Systems for DC Microgrids Aldana, Nelson Leonardo Diaz; Dragicevic, Tomislav-Logic-Based Gain-Scheduling Control for State-of-Charge Balance of Distributed Energy Storage Systems for DC
Bright Integrated Photon-Pair Source for Practical Passive Decoy-State Quantum Key Distribution
Stephan Krapick; Michael Stefszky; Michal Jachura; Benjamin Brecht; Malte Avenhaus; Christine Silberhorn
2014-01-28T23:59:59.000Z
We report on a bright, nondegenerate type-I parametric down-conversion source, which is well suited for passive decoy-state quantum key distribution. We show the photon-number-resolved analysis over a broad range of pump powers and we prove heralded higher-order $n$-photon states up to $n=4$. The inferred photon click statistics exhibit excellent agreements to the theoretical predictions. From our measurement results we conclude that our source meets the requirements to avert photon-number-splitting attacks.
Entanglement-based continuous-variable quantum key distribution with multimode states and detectors
Vladyslav C. Usenko; Laszlo Ruppert; Radim Filip
2014-12-18T23:59:59.000Z
Secure quantum key distribution with multimode Gaussian entangled states and multimode homodyne detectors is proposed. In general the multimode character of both the sources of entanglement and the homodyne detectors can cause a security break even for a perfect channel when trusted parties are unaware of the detection structure. Taking into account the multimode structure and potential leakage of information from a homodyne detector reduces the loss of security to some extent. We suggest the symmetrization of the multimode sources of entanglement as an efficient method allowing us to fully recover the security irrespectively to multimode structure of the homodyne detectors. Further, we demonstrate that by increasing the number of the fluctuating but similar source modes the multimode protocol stabilizes the security of the quantum key distribution. The result opens the pathway towards quantum key distribution with multimode sources and detectors.
ON QUIET-TIME SOLAR WIND ELECTRON DISTRIBUTIONS IN DYNAMICAL EQUILIBRIUM WITH LANGMUIR TURBULENCE
Zaheer, S. [Permanent address: Department of Physics, Forman Christian College, Lahore, Punjab 54000, Pakistan. (Pakistan); Yoon, P. H. [Also at SSR, KHU, Yongin, Korea. (Korea, Republic of)
2013-10-01T23:59:59.000Z
A recent series of papers put forth a self-consistent theory of an asymptotically steady-state electron distribution function and Langmuir turbulence intensity. The theory was developed in terms of the ? distribution which features Maxwellian low-energy electrons and a non-Maxwellian energetic power-law tail component. The present paper discusses a generalized ? distribution that features a Davydov-Druyvesteyn type of core component and an energetic power-law tail component. The physical motivation for such a generalization is so that the model may reflect the influence of low-energy electrons interacting with low-frequency kinetic Alfvénic turbulence as well as with high-frequency Langmuir turbulence. It is shown that such a solution and the accompanying Langmuir wave spectrum rigorously satisfy the balance requirement between the spontaneous and induced emission processes in both the particle and wave kinetic equations, and approximately satisfy the similar balance requirement between the spontaneous and induced scattering processes, which are nonlinear. In spite of the low velocity modification of the electron distribution function, it is shown that the resulting asymptotic velocity power-law index ?, where f{sub e} ? v {sup –?} is close to the average index observed during the quiet-time solar wind condition, i.e., ? ? O(6.5) whereas ?{sub average} ? 6.69, according to observation.
Tight bound on the coherent-state quantum key distribution with heterodyne detection
Lodewyck, Jerome [Thales Research and Technologies, RD 128, 91767 Palaiseau Cedex (France); Laboratoire Charles Fabry de l'Institut d'Optique, CNRS, UMR 8501, Campus Universitaire, Batiment 503, 91403 Orsay Cedex (France); Grangier, Philippe [Laboratoire Charles Fabry de l'Institut d'Optique, CNRS, UMR 8501, Campus Universitaire, Batiment 503, 91403 Orsay Cedex (France)
2007-08-15T23:59:59.000Z
We propose an upper bound for the eavesdropper's information in the direct and reverse reconciliated coherent states quantum key distribution protocols with heterodyne detection. This bound is derived by maximizing the leaked information over the symplectic group of transformations that spans every physical Gaussian attack on individual pulses. We exhibit four different attacks that reach this bound, which shows that this bound is tight. Finally, we compare the secret key rate obtained with this bound to the homodyne rate.
PMU Placement for Dynamic State Tracking of Power Systems
Sun, Yannan; Du, Pengwei; Huang, Zhenyu; Kalsi, Karanjit; Diao, Ruisheng; Anderson, Kevin K.; Li, Yulan; Lee, Barry
2011-08-04T23:59:59.000Z
Accurately tracking the state variables (rotor angle and speed) is a necessity for monitoring system stability conditions and assessing the risks of large-scale system collapse. This paper explores how the number and locations of PMUs installed in the system are determined to ensure satisfactory state tracking performance. A search algorithm is presented for determining PMU placement (location and quantity). The algorithm determines a placement that gives small tracking error in polynomial time. A modified, scalable algorithm is also presented. Observability in the presence of faults is considered. Simulation results for a 16-machine and a 50-machine system are provided.
Reed, Donald Timothy [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Borkowski, Marian [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Lucchini, Jean - Francois [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Ams, David [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Richmann, M. K. [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Khaing, H. [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Swanson, J. S. [Los Alamos National Laboratory
2010-12-10T23:59:59.000Z
The fate and potential mobility of multivalent actinides in the subsurface is receiving increased attention as the DOE looks to cleanup the many legacy nuclear waste sites and associated subsurface contamination. Plutonium, uranium and neptunium are the near-surface multivalent contaminants of concern and are also key contaminants for the deep geologic disposal of nuclear waste. Their mobility is highly dependent on their redox distribution at their contamination source as well as along their potential migration pathways. This redox distribution is often controlled, especially in the near-surface where organic/inorganic contaminants often coexist, by the direct and indirect effects of microbial activity. Under anoxic conditions, indirect and direct bioreduction mechanisms exist that promote the prevalence of lower-valent species for multivalent actinides. Oxidation-state-specific biosorption is also an important consideration for long-term migration and can influence oxidation state distribution. Results of ongoing studies to explore and establish the oxidation-state specific interactions of soil bacteria (metal reducers and sulfate reducers) as well as halo-tolerant bacteria and Archaea for uranium, neptunium and plutonium will be presented. Enzymatic reduction is a key process in the bioreduction of plutonium and uranium, but co-enzymatic processes predominate in neptunium systems. Strong sorptive interactions can occur for most actinide oxidation states but are likely a factor in the stabilization of lower-valent species when more than one oxidation state can persist under anaerobic microbiologically-active conditions. These results for microbiologically active systems are interpreted in the context of their overall importance in defining the potential migration of multivalent actinides in the subsurface.
Dynamical control of quantum state transfer within hybrid open systems
B. M. Escher; G. Bensky; J. Clausen; G. Kurizki; L. Davidovich
2010-10-25T23:59:59.000Z
We analyze quantum state-transfer optimization within hybrid open systems, from a "noisy" (write-in) qubit to its "quiet" counterpart (storage qubit). Intriguing interplay is revealed between our ability to avoid bath-induced errors that profoundly depend on the bath-memory time and the limitations imposed by leakage out of the operational subspace. Counterintuitively, under no circumstances is the fastest transfer optimal (for a given transfer energy).
Dynamical control of quantum state transfer within hybrid open systems
Escher, B M; Clausen, J; Kurizki, G; Davidovich, L
2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
We analyze quantum state-transfer optimization within hybrid open systems, from a "noisy" (write-in) qubit to its "quiet" counterpart (storage qubit). Intriguing interplay is revealed between our ability to avoid bath-induced errors that profoundly depend on the bath-memory time and the limitations imposed by leakage out of the operational subspace. Counterintuitively, under no circumstances is the fastest transfer optimal (for a given transfer energy).
Ground states and dynamics of spin-orbit-coupled Bose-Einstein condensates
Weizhu Bao; Yongyong Cai
2014-07-22T23:59:59.000Z
We study analytically and asymptotically as well as numerically ground states and dynamics of two-component spin-orbit-coupled Bose-Einstein condensates (BECs) modeled by the coupled Gross-Pitaevskii equations (CGPEs). In fact, due to the appearance of the spin-orbit (SO) coupling in the two-component BEC with a Raman coupling, the ground state structures and dynamical properties become very rich and complicated. For the ground states, we establish the existence and non-existence results under different parameter regimes, and obtain their limiting behaviors and/or structures with different combinations of the SO and Raman coupling strengths. For the dynamics, we show that the motion of the center-of-mass is either non-periodic or with different frequency to the trapping frequency when the external trapping potential is taken as harmonic and the initial data is chosen as a stationary state (e.g. ground state) with a shift, which is completely different from the case of a two-component BEC without the SO coupling, and obtain the semiclassical limit of the CGPEs in the linear case via the Wigner transform method. Efficient and accurate numerical methods are proposed for computing the ground states and dynamics, especially for the case of box potentials. Numerical results are reported to demonstrate the efficiency and accuracy of the numerical methods and show the rich phenomenon in the SO-coupled BECs.
Molecular dynamics studies of the primary state of radiation damage
Diaz de la Rubia, T.; Averback, R.S.; Robertson, I.M.; Benedek, R.
1988-12-01T23:59:59.000Z
This paper summarizes recent progress in the understanding of energetic displacement cascades in metals achieved with the molecular-dynamics (MD) simulation technique. Recoil events with primary-knock-on-atom (PKA) energies up to 5 keV were simulated in Cu and Ni. The initial development of displacement cascades was similar in both metals, with replacement collision sequences providing the most efficient mechanism for the separation of interstitials and vacancies. The thermal-spike behavior in these metals, however, is quite different; Cu cascades are characterized by lower defect production and greater atomic disordering than those in Ni. The thermal spike significantly influences various other properties of cascades, such as total defect production and defect clustering. 32 refs., 7 figs., 2 tabs.
Wijngaarden, Rinke J.
Extremal Dynamics and the Approach to the Critical State: Experiments on a Three Dimensional Pile in three dimensions. With time, the pile approaches a critical state with a certain slope. Assuming extremal dynamics in the evolution of the pile, the way the critical state is approached is dictated
Mesoscale simulation of semiflexible chains. I. Endpoint distribution and chain dynamics
Robert D. Groot
2013-06-06T23:59:59.000Z
The endpoint distribution and dynamics of semiflexible fibers is studied by numerical simulation. A brief overview is given over the analytical theory of flexible and semiflexible polymers. In particular, a closed expression is given for the relaxation spectrum of wormlike chains, which determines polymer diffusion and rheology. Next a simulation model for wormlike chains with full hydrodynamic interaction is described, and relations for the bending and torsion modulus are given. Two methods are introduced to include torsion stiffness into the model. The model is validated by simulating single chains in a heat bath, and comparing the endpoint distribution of the chains with established Monte Carlo results. It is concluded that torsion stiffness leads to a slightly shorter effective persistence length for a given bending stiffness. To further validate the simulation model, polymer diffusion is studied for fixed persistence length and varying polymer length N. The diffusion constant shows crossover from Rouse to reptation behaviour. The terminal relaxation time obtained from the monomer displacement is consistent with the theory of wormlike chains. The probability for chain crossing has also been studied. This probability is so low that it does not influence the present results.
A study on dynamic data placement for the ATLAS Distributed Data Management system
Beermann, Thomas Alfons; The ATLAS collaboration
2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
This contribution presents a study on the applicability and usefulness of dynamic data placement methods for data-intensive systems, such as ATLAS distributed data management (DDM). In this system the jobs are sent to the data, therefore having a good distribution of data is significant. Ways of forecasting workload patterns are examined which then are used to redistribute data to achieve a better overall utilisation of computing resources and to reduce waiting time for jobs before they can run on the grid. This method is based on a tracer infrastructure that is able to monitor and store historical data accesses and which is used to create popularity reports. These reports provide detailed summaries about data accesses in the past, including information about the accessed files, the involved users and the sites. From this past data it is possible to then make near-term forecasts for data popularity in the future. This study evaluates simple prediction methods as well as more complex methods like neural networ...
A study of dynamic data placement for ATLAS distributed data management
Beermann, Thomas Alfons; The ATLAS collaboration; Maettig, Peter
2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
This contribution presents a study on the applicability and usefulness of dynamic data placement methods for data-intensive systems, such as ATLAS distributed data management (DDM). In this system the jobs are sent to the data, therefore having a good distribution of data is significant. Ways of forecasting workload patterns are examined which then are used to redistribute data to achieve a better overall utilisation of computing resources and to reduce waiting time for jobs before they can run on the grid. This method is based on a tracer infrastructure that is able to monitor and store historical data accesses and which is used to create popularity reports. These reports provide detailed summaries about data accesses in the past, including information about the accessed files, the involved users and the sites. From this past data it is possible to then make near-term forecasts for data popularity in the future. This study evaluates simple prediction methods as well as more complex methods like neural networ...
Quantum Chemical Analysis of the Excited State Dynamics of Hydrated Electrons
P. O. J. Scherer; Sighart F. Fischer
2006-02-01T23:59:59.000Z
Quantum calculations are performed for an anion water cluster representing the first hydration shell of the solvated electron in solution. The absorption spectra from the ground state, the instant excited states and the relaxed excited states are calculated including CI-SD interactions. Analytic expressions for the nonadiabatic relaxation are presented. It is shown that the 50fs dynamics recently observed after s->p excitation is best accounted for if it is identified with the internal conversion, preceded by an adiabatic relaxation within the excited p state. In addition, transient absorptions found in the infrared are qualitatively reproduced by these calculations .
Dynamics of multi-modes maximum entangled coherent state over amplitude damping channel
A. El Allati; Y. Hassouni; N. Metwally
2012-02-18T23:59:59.000Z
The dynamics of maximum entangled coherent state travels through an amplitude damping channel is investigated. For small values of the transmissivity rate the travelling state is very fragile to this noise channel, where it suffers from the phase flip error with high probability. The entanglement decays smoothly for larger values of the transmissivity rate and speedily for smaller values of this rate. As the number of modes increases, the travelling state over this noise channel loses its entanglement hastily. The odd and even states vanish at the same value of the field intensity.
Robust Dynamical Decoupling for Arbitrary Quantum States of a Single NV Center in Diamond
J. H. Shim; I. Niemeyer; J. Zhang; D. Suter
2012-07-24T23:59:59.000Z
Dynamical decoupling is a powerful technique for extending the coherence time (T$_2$) of qubits. We apply this technique to the electron spin qubit of a single nitrogen-vacancy center in type IIa diamond. In a crystal with natural abundance of $^{13}$C nuclear spins, we extend the decoherence time up to 2.2 ms. This is close to the T$_1$ value of this NV center (4 ms). Since dynamical decoupling must perform well for arbitrary initial conditions, we measured the dependence on the initial state and compared the performance of different sequences with respect to initial state dependence and robustness to experimental imperfections.
Effective Temperature in Steady-state Dynamics from Holography
Kundu, Arnab
2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
We argue that, within the realm of gauge-gravity duality, for a large class of systems in a steady-state there exists an effective thermodynamic description. This description comes equipped with an effective temperature and a free energy, but no well-defined notion of entropy. Such systems are described by probe degrees of freedom propagating in a much larger background, e.g. $N_f$ number of ${\\cal N} =2$ hypermultiplets in ${\\cal N}=4$ $SU(N_c)$ super Yang-Mills theory, in the limit $N_f \\ll N_c$. The steady-state is induced by exciting an external electric field that couples to the hypermultiplets and drives a constant current. With various stringy examples, we demonstrate that an open string equivalence principle determines a unique effective temperature for all fluctuations in the probe-sector. We further discuss various properties of the corresponding open string metric that determines the effective geometry which the probe degrees of freedom are coupled to. We also comment on the non-Abelian generalizat...
Measurements of atomic state distribution functions of the Philips QL-lamp
Jonkers, J.; Bakker, M.; Mullen, J.A.M. van der [Eindhoven Univ. of Technology (Netherlands). Dept. of Applied Physics
1996-12-31T23:59:59.000Z
In 1992 Philips Lighting introduced the QL-lamp, an inductively coupled low pressure RF discharge containing a mixture of argon and mercury. Its main advantage is the absence of electrodes, which benefits the life-time. In order to improve the knowledge of this kind of plasmas a model has been developed and measurements have been performed. In every plasma the free electrons are an important species: they control the energy transfer from the electromagnetic field to the heavy particles. Therefore, it is important to know the spatial distribution of the electron temperature and of the electron density. These parameters can be obtained from the Atomic State Distribution Function (ASDF), since the levels close the ionization limit are in partial Local Saha Equilibrium (pLSE). The densities of the excited states are obtained from absolute line intensity measurements. However, it appears that the highly excited, measurable, states are not in pLSE, indicating that the QL plasma is far from Saha equilibrium. In order to obtain the electron densities and temperatures the ASDF has to be combined with either measurements of continuum radiation or a Collisional Radiative Model (CRM). The results of both methods will be presented and compared with a third technique to obtain the electron density and temperature: Thomson scattering.
A STEADY-STATE FEL: PARTICLE DYNAMICS IN THE FEL PORTION OF A TWO-BEAM ACCELERATOR
Sternbach, E.
2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
September 8-13, 1985 A STEADY-STATE FEL: PARTICLE DYNAMICSIN THE FEL PORTION OF A TWO-BEAM ACCELERATOR E. SternbachLBL-19939 A STEADY-STATE FEL: PARTICLE DYNAMICS IN THE FEL
Secure coherent-state quantum key distribution protocols with efficient reconciliation
Assche, G. van; Cerf, N.J. [QuIC, Ecole Polytechnique, Universite Libre de Bruxelles, CP 165/59, 1050 Brussels (Belgium); Iblisdir, S. [QuIC, Ecole Polytechnique, Universite Libre de Bruxelles, CP 165/59, 1050 Brussels (Belgium); GAP-Optique, University of Geneva, 20 rue de l'Ecole-de-Medecine, CH-1211 Geneva (Switzerland)
2005-05-15T23:59:59.000Z
We study the equivalence of a realistic quantum key distribution protocol using coherent states and homodyne detection with a formal entanglement purification protocol. Maximally entangled qubit pairs that one can extract in the formal protocol correspond to secret key bits in the realistic protocol. More specifically, we define a qubit encoding scheme that allows the formal protocol to produce more than one entangled qubit pair per entangled oscillator pair or, equivalently for the realistic protocol, more than one secret key bit per coherent state. The entanglement parameters are estimated using quantum tomography. We analyze the properties of the encoding scheme and investigate the resulting secret key rate in the important case of the attenuation channel.
Distribution and Chemical State of Cu-rich Clusters in Silicon: Preprint
Buonassisi, T.; Marcus, M. A.; Istratov, A. A.; Heuer, M.; Ciszek, T. F.; Lai, B.; Cai, Z.; Weber, E. R.
2004-08-01T23:59:59.000Z
the chemical state and distribution of Cu-rich clusters were determined in four different silicon-based materials with varying contamination pathways and degrees of oxygen concentration, including as-grown multicrystalline silicon. In all four samples, Cu3Si was the only chemical state observed. Cu3Si clusters were observed at structural defects within all four materials; XBIC measurements revealed that the presence of Cu3Si corresponds to increased recombination activity. Oxidized Cu compounds are not likely to form in silicon. The +1 eV edge shift in the -XAS absorption spectrum of Cu3Si relative to Cu metal is believed to be an indication of a degree of covalent bonding between Cu atoms and their silicon neighbors.
Faraday Discuss. Chem. SOC.,1987, 84, 39-52 Product State Distributions from the Reaction O(3P)+HBr
to the limit of available energy. Non-statistical distributions of the fine-structure states were observed('P) +HBr Reaction Fig. 1. Schematic diagramof the apparatusforcounter-propagating `pump
Amini, Shahram
2009-05-15T23:59:59.000Z
This work introduces the method of Distributed Volumetric Sources (DVS) to solve the transient and pseudosteady-state flow of fluids in a rectilinear reservoir with closed boundaries. The development and validation of the ...
StatetoState Quantum Dynamics of O + O2 Isotope Exchange
Maccabe, Barney
StatetoState Quantum Dynamics of O + O2 Isotope Exchange Reactions Reveals Non body (M). An in depth understanding of the bimolecular isotope exchange reactions will shed light on the surprising and significant enrichment of heavy ozone isotopomers discovered in the stratosphere more than
Design of penalty functions for optimal control of linear dynamical systems under state and input of solving a constrained optimal control for a general single-input single output linear time varying system dimensional (functional optimization) case. The main novelty is that both the bounds on the control variable
Laser-induced resonance states as dynamic suppressors of ionization in high-frequency short pulses
Baer, Roi
Laser-induced resonance states as dynamic suppressors of ionization in high-frequency short pulses is used to study the suppression of ionization in short laser pulses. In the high-frequency limit the adiabatic equations involve only the pulse envelope where transitions are purely ramp effects. For a short
Droegemeier, Kelvin K.
1 Draft Chapter from Mesoscale Dynamic Meteorology By Prof. Yu-lang Lin, North Carolina State University Chapter 1 Overview 1.1 Introduction The so-called mesometeorology or mesoscale meteorology as mesoscale phenomena by others (e.g. Orlanski 1975; Thunis and Bornstein 1996). Therefore, a more precise
Soil thermal dynamics of terrestrial ecosystems of the conterminous United States from 1948 to 2008
Zhuang, Qianlai
). Thus, the heat stored in soil and temperature variations cannot be ignored when studying airSoil thermal dynamics of terrestrial ecosystems of the conterminous United States from 1948 to 2008 to changes in vegetation, snow, soil moisture, and other climate variables (i.e., precipitation, solar
Passive decoy-state quantum key distribution with practical light sources
Curty, Marcos [ETSI Telecomunicacion, Department of Signal Theory and Communications, University of Vigo, Campus Universitario, E-36310 Vigo (Pontevedra) (Spain); Ma, Xiongfeng [Institute for Quantum Computing and Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of Waterloo, N2L 3G1 Waterloo, Ontario (Canada); Qi, Bing [Center for Quantum Information and Quantum Control, Department of Physics and Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, University of Toronto, M5S 3G4 Toronto, Ontario (Canada); Moroder, Tobias [Institute for Quantum Computing and Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of Waterloo, N2L 3G1 Waterloo, Ontario (Canada); Quantum Information Theory Group, Institute of Theoretical Physics I, University of Erlangen-Nuernberg, D-91058 Erlangen (Germany); Max Planck Institute for the Science of Light, D-91058 Erlangen (Germany)
2010-02-15T23:59:59.000Z
Decoy states have been proven to be a very useful method for significantly enhancing the performance of quantum key distribution systems with practical light sources. Although active modulation of the intensity of the laser pulses is an effective way of preparing decoy states in principle, in practice passive preparation might be desirable in some scenarios. Typical passive schemes involve parametric down-conversion. More recently, it has been shown that phase-randomized weak coherent pulses (WCP) can also be used for the same purpose [M. Curty et al., Opt. Lett. 34, 3238 (2009).] This proposal requires only linear optics together with a simple threshold photon detector, which shows the practical feasibility of the method. Most importantly, the resulting secret key rate is comparable to the one delivered by an active decoy-state setup with an infinite number of decoy settings. In this article we extend these results, now showing specifically the analysis for other practical scenarios with different light sources and photodetectors. In particular, we consider sources emitting thermal states, phase-randomized WCP, and strong coherent light in combination with several types of photodetectors, like, for instance, threshold photon detectors, photon number resolving detectors, and classical photodetectors. Our analysis includes as well the effect that detection inefficiencies and noise in the form of dark counts shown by current threshold detectors might have on the final secret key rate. Moreover, we provide estimations on the effects that statistical fluctuations due to a finite data size can have in practical implementations.
Amini, Shahram
2009-05-15T23:59:59.000Z
Major Subject: Petroleum Engineering iii ABSTRACT Development and Application of the Method of Distributed Volumetric Sources to the Problem of Unsteady-State Fluid Flow in Reservoirs. (December 2007) Shahram Amini B.S.; M.S., University... of Tehran; M.S., IFP School (ENSPM) Co-Chairs of Advisory Committee: Dr. Peter P. Valk? Dr. Thomas A. Blasingame This work introduces the method of Distributed Volumetric Sources (DVS) to solve the transient and pseudosteady-state flow of fluids...
Laser fluorescence study of AIO formed in the reaction AI + O2: Product state distribution, dissociation energy, and radiative lifetime P. J. Dagdigian*, H. W. Cruset, and R. N. Zare Department distributions are found to differ significantly, with v = 0 having more rotational excitation than v = I
Excited State Structural Dynamics of Carotenoids and ChargeTransfer Systems
Van Tassle, Aaron Justin
2006-09-01T23:59:59.000Z
This dissertation describes the development andimplementation of a visible/near infrared pump/mid-infrared probeapparatus. Chapter 1 describes the background and motivation ofinvestigating optically induced structural dynamics, paying specificattention to solvation and the excitation selection rules of highlysymmetric molecules such as carotenoids. Chapter 2 describes thedevelopment and construction of the experimental apparatus usedthroughout the remainder of this dissertation. Chapter 3 will discuss theinvestigation of DCM, a laser dye with a fluorescence signal resultingfrom a charge transfer state. By studying the dynamics of DCM and of itsmethyl deuterated isotopomer (an otherwise identical molecule), we areable to investigate the origins of the charge transfer state and provideevidence that it is of the controversial twisted intramolecular (TICT)type. Chapter 4 introduces the use of two-photon excitation to the S1state, combined with one-photon excitation to the S2 state of thecarotenoid beta-apo-8'-carotenal. These 2 investigations show evidencefor the formation of solitons, previously unobserved in molecular systemsand found only in conducting polymers Chapter 5 presents an investigationof the excited state dynamics of peridinin, the carotenoid responsiblefor the light harvesting of dinoflagellates. This investigation allowsfor a more detailed understanding of the importance of structuraldynamics of carotenoids in light harvesting.
Closser, Kristina D.; Head-Gordon, Martin, E-mail: mhg@cchem.berkeley.edu [Department of Chemistry, University of California Berkeley, Berkeley, California 94720 (United States) [Department of Chemistry, University of California Berkeley, Berkeley, California 94720 (United States); Ultrafast X-Ray Science Laboratory, Chemical Sciences Division, Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, Berkeley, California 94720 (United States); Gessner, Oliver [Ultrafast X-Ray Science Laboratory, Chemical Sciences Division, Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, Berkeley, California 94720 (United States)] [Ultrafast X-Ray Science Laboratory, Chemical Sciences Division, Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, Berkeley, California 94720 (United States)
2014-04-07T23:59:59.000Z
The dynamics resulting from electronic excitations of helium clusters were explored using ab initio molecular dynamics. The simulations were performed with configuration interaction singles and adiabatic classical dynamics coupled to a state-following algorithm. 100 different configurations of He{sub 7} were excited into the 2s and 2p manifold for a total of 2800 trajectories. While the most common outcome (90%) was complete fragmentation to 6 ground state atoms and 1 excited state atom, 3% of trajectories yielded bound, He {sub 2}{sup *}, and <0.5% yielded an excited helium trimer. The nature of the dynamics, kinetic energy release, and connections to experiments are discussed.
Röder, Beate
Dynamics from Pump-Probe Signals S. Ramakrishna* and F. Willig Hahn-Meitner-Institut, 14109 Berlin, Germany Numerical calculations of pump-probe signals corresponding to excited-state absorption of the molecular to model the pump-probe dynamics. The continuum of semiconductor states, namely, its conduction-band levels
Li, Charles
Dynamic magnetization states of a spin valve in the presence of dc and ac currents: Synchronization and numerical calculations of dynamic magnetization states of a spin valve in the presence of dc and ac currents are expected to appear. In this paper, we consider a simple spin valve as a model system to study the problem
Symanzik, Jürgen
, distributed computing environment Martin Schneider Philipps-Universit¨at Marburg Dept. of Mathemathics
Dynamic states of cells adhering in shear flow: from slipping to rolling
C. B. Korn; U. S. Schwarz
2008-04-02T23:59:59.000Z
Motivated by rolling adhesion of white blood cells in the vasculature, we study how cells move in linear shear flow above a wall to which they can adhere via specific receptor-ligand bonds. Our computer simulations are based on a Langevin equation accounting for hydrodynamic interactions, thermal fluctuations and adhesive interactions. In contrast to earlier approaches, our model not only includes stochastic rules for the formation and rupture of bonds, but also fully resolves both receptor and ligand positions. We identify five different dynamic states of motion in regard to the translational and angular velocities of the cell. The transitions between the different states are mapped out in a dynamic state diagram as a function of the rates for bond formation and rupture. For example, as the cell starts to adhere under the action of bonds, its translational and angular velocities become synchronized and the dynamic state changes from slipping to rolling. We also investigate the effect of non-molecular parameters. In particular, we find that an increase in viscosity of the medium leads to a characteristic expansion of the region of stable rolling to the expense of the region of firm adhesion, but not to the expense of the regions of free or transient motion. Our results can be used in an inverse approach to determine single bond parameters from flow chamber data on rolling adhesion.
A distributed newton method for dynamic Network Utility Maximization with delivery contracts
Wei, Ermin
The standard Network Utility Maximization (NUM) problem has a static formulation, which fails to capture the temporal dynamics in modern networks. This work considers a dynamic version of the NUM problem by introducing ...
Steady-State Dynamics of the Forest Fire Model on Complex Networks
Bancal, Jean-Daniel
2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
Many sociological networks, as well as biological and technological ones, can be represented in terms of complex networks with a heterogeneous connectivity pattern. Dynamical processes taking place on top of them can be very much influenced by this topological fact. In this paper we consider a paradigmatic model of non-equilibrium dynamics, namely the forest fire model, whose relevance lies in its capacity to represent several epidemic processes in a general parametrization. We study the behavior of this model in complex networks by developing the corresponding heterogeneous mean-field theory and solving it in its steady state. We provide exact and approximate expressions for homogeneous networks and several instances of heterogeneous networks. A comparison of our analytical results with extensive numerical simulations allows to draw the region of the parameter space in which heterogeneous mean-field theory provides an accurate description of the dynamics, and enlights the limits of validity of the mean-field...
Dynamics of a two-state system through a real level crossing
Militello, Benedetto D
2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
The dynamics of a two-state system whose energies undergo a real crossing at some instant of time is studied. At this instant, both the coupling and the detuning vanish simultaneously, which leads to an exact degeneracy of the eigenenergies of the system. It is found that the dynamics of the system is primarily determined by the manner in which the degeneracy occurs. This interesting behavior is reminiscent of a symmetry breaking process, since the totally symmetric situation occurring at the crossing is significantly altered by infinitesimal quantities, which remove the degeneracy, with very important dynamical implications from there on. A very simple analytical formula is derived, which is found to describe the population changes very accurately.
Light-Front Dynamic Analysis of Bound States in Scalar Field Model
Chueng-Ryong Ji; Yukihisa Tokunaga
2012-05-16T23:59:59.000Z
The light-front dynamics (LFD) of the scalar field model theory is analyzed to solve the two-body bound-state problem. The light-front two-body bound-state equation is extended to the full LFD kernel including the ladder, cross-ladder, stretched-box, and particle-antiparticle creation/annihilation effects to study the contributions of higher Fock-states. The light-front two-body equation is also modified by the term corresponding to the self-energy corrections and counter-terms. Using the variational principle, we obtain the numerical result of the binding energy B versus the coupling constant \\alpha\\ for various mass ratios of the constituent particles including the cases of non-zero exchange particle mass. We also discuss the correlation between the mass spectrum and the corresponding bound-state wavefunction.
Estimation of the Dynamic States of Synchronous Machines Using an Extended Particle Filter
Zhou, Ning; Meng, Da; Lu, Shuai
2013-11-11T23:59:59.000Z
In this paper, an extended particle filter (PF) is proposed to estimate the dynamic states of a synchronous machine using phasor measurement unit (PMU) data. A PF propagates the mean and covariance of states via Monte Carlo simulation, is easy to implement, and can be directly applied to a non-linear system with non-Gaussian noise. The extended PF modifies a basic PF to improve robustness. Using Monte Carlo simulations with practical noise and model uncertainty considerations, the extended PF’s performance is evaluated and compared with the basic PF and an extended Kalman filter (EKF). The extended PF results showed high accuracy and robustness against measurement and model noise.
Barr, R.A. [Electric Power Consulting Pty Ltd., Culburra Beach, New South Wales (Australia)] [Electric Power Consulting Pty Ltd., Culburra Beach, New South Wales (Australia); Platt, D. [Univ. of Wollongong, New South Wales (Australia). Dept. of Electrical and Computer Engineering] [Univ. of Wollongong, New South Wales (Australia). Dept. of Electrical and Computer Engineering
1996-04-01T23:59:59.000Z
Series capacitors can increase the power carrying capacity of subtransmission and distribution lines by reducing voltage regulation. The potential exists in selected locations for utilities to both improve the customer quality of supply and increase the supply capacity. The possibility of ferroresonance and effective countermeasures to ferroresonance are important issues that need to be carefully considered at the design stage. Other design issues are capacitor location, ohmic reactive value, transient behavior, short circuit withstand and capacitor protection. Ferroresonance can cause severe overvoltages and heavy currents resulting in damage to power system equipment and customer installations. This paper describes a ferroresonance model incorporating both time domain and frequency domain techniques. The ferroresonance model is used to map the possible ferroresonant states. A small scale laboratory non-linear ferroresonant circuit was constructed with the experimental results comparing favorably with the predicted model behavior. For series compensated lines and other circuit arrangements, the ferroresonance model allows the prediction of ferroresonant states and the examination of counter measures.
2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
S, Strik W, et al. Static and Dynamic Characteristics ofpone.0121757 March 27, 2015 Static and Dynamic StateJR, Yan L, Chen JJ. Dynamic and static contributions of the
Hamiltonian approach to the dynamics of Ehrenfest expectation values and Gaussian quantum states
Esther Bonet-Luz; Cesare Tronci
2015-07-09T23:59:59.000Z
The dynamics of quantum expectation values is considered in a geometric setting. First, expectation values of the canonical operators are shown to be equivariant momentum maps for the action of the Heisenberg group on quantum states. Then, the Hamiltonian structure of Ehrenfest's theorem is shown to be Lie-Poisson for a semidirect-product Lie group, named the `Ehrenfest group'. In addition, quantum dynamics is expressed in the frame of the expectation values, in which the latter undergo canonical Hamiltonian motion. In the case of Gaussian states, expectation values dynamics couples to second-order moments, which also enjoy a momentum map structure. Eventually, Gaussian states are shown to possess a Lie-Poisson structure associated to a semidirect-product subgroup of the Ehrenfest group, which is called the Jacobi group. This structure produces new energy-conserving terms in a class of Gaussian moment models (previously appeared in the chemical physics literature) that suffer from lack of energy conservation in the general case.
Fleishman, Gregory D. [Center For Solar-Terrestrial Research, New Jersey Institute of Technology, Newark, NJ 07102 (United States); Kuznetsov, Alexey A. [Institute of Solar-Terrestrial Physics, Irkutsk 664033 (Russian Federation)
2014-02-01T23:59:59.000Z
Currently there is a concern about the ability of the classical thermal (Maxwellian) distribution to describe quasi-steady-state plasma in the solar atmosphere, including active regions. In particular, other distributions have been proposed to better fit observations, for example, kappa- and n-distributions. If present, these distributions will generate radio emissions with different observable properties compared with the classical gyroresonance (GR) or free-free emission, which implies a way of remotely detecting these non-Maxwellian distributions in the radio observations. Here we present analytically derived GR and free-free emissivities and absorption coefficients for the kappa- and n-distributions, and discuss their properties, which are in fact remarkably different from each other and from the classical Maxwellian plasma. In particular, the radio brightness temperature from a gyrolayer increases with the optical depth ? for kappa-distribution, but decreases with ? for n-distribution. This property has a remarkable consequence allowing a straightforward observational test: the GR radio emission from the non-Maxwellian distributions is supposed to be noticeably polarized even in the optically thick case, where the emission would have strictly zero polarization in the case of Maxwellian plasma. This offers a way of remote probing the plasma distribution in astrophysical sources, including solar active regions as a vivid example.
Jake Iles-Smith; Neill Lambert; Ahsan Nazir
2014-09-25T23:59:59.000Z
Quantum systems are invariably open, evolving under surrounding influences rather than in isolation. Standard open quantum system methods eliminate all information on the environmental state to yield a tractable description of the system dynamics. By incorporating a collective coordinate of the environment into the system Hamiltonian, we circumvent this limitation. Our theory provides straightforward access to important environmental properties that would otherwise be obscured, allowing us to quantify the evolving system-environment correlations. As a direct result, we show that the generation of robust system-environment correlations that persist into equilibrium (heralded also by the emergence of non-Gaussian environmental states) renders the canonical system steady-state almost always incorrect. The resulting equilibrium states deviate markedly from those predicted by standard perturbative techniques and are instead fully characterised by thermal states of the mapped system-collective coordinate Hamiltonian. We outline how noncanonical system states could be investigated experimentally to study deviations from canonical thermodynamics, with direct relevance to molecular and solid-state nanosystems.
Haeyrynen, Teppo; Oksanen, Jani; Tulkki, Jukka [Department of Biomedical Engineering and Computational Science, Aalto University School of Science and Technology, P. O. Box 12200, FI-00076 AALTO (Finland)
2011-01-15T23:59:59.000Z
We consider simultaneous dissipative and amplifying coupling of cavity fields to multiple two-state systems. We derive a master equation for optical field in a leaky cavity coupled to a reservoir through multiple two-state systems. In our previous works we have limited our study to systems where the reservoir either solely absorbs energy (detector setup) or adds energy (amplifying setup) to the cavity through a single two-state system. In this work we allow both interactions simultaneously and derive a reduced dynamic model for the optical field. We also generalize our model to cover the coupling of the field to several two state systems and discuss its connection to macroscopic interaction, e.g., in semiconductors. Our model includes four physical parameters: the field two-state system coupling {gamma}, the excitation and deexcitation couplings of the two-state system by the reservoir {lambda}{sub A} and {lambda}{sub D}, respectively, and the mirror losses of the cavity C. We solve the steady-state fields at different regimes of these physical parameters. Furthermore, we show that, depending on the parameters, our model can describe the operation of a detector, a light emitting diode, or a laser.
Dong Li; Xiu Xiaoming, E-mail: xiuxiaomingdl@126.com [Dalian University of Technology, School of Physics and Optoelectronic Technology (China); Gao Yajun [Bohai University, Department of Physics, College of Mathematics and Physics (China); Yi, X. X., E-mail: yixx@dlut.edu.cn [Dalian University of Technology, School of Physics and Optoelectronic Technology (China)
2011-10-15T23:59:59.000Z
Using three-photon polarization-entangled GHZ states or W states, we propose controlled quantum key distribution protocols for circumventing two main types of collective noise, collective dephasing noise, or collective rotation noise. Irrespective of the number of controllers, a three-photon state can generate a one-bit secret key. The storage technique of quantum states is dispensable for the controller and the receiver, and it therefore allows performing the process in a more convenient mode. If the photon cost in a security check is disregarded, then the efficiency theoretically approaches unity.
Borunov, M. V., E-mail: bmv@opsb.ru; Nadtochy, P. N.; Adeev, G. D. [Omsk State University (Russian Federation)
2007-11-15T23:59:59.000Z
A multidimensional stochastic approach to fission dynamics on the basis of three-dimensional Langevin equations is applied systematically to calculating the first four moments of the energy distribution of fission fragments over a broad range of Coulomb parameter values (700 < Z{sup 2}/A{sup 1/3} < 1700). For the scission of a fissile nucleus into fragments, use was made of various criteria traditional in modern fission theory: the vanishing of the neck radius at the scission instant and the equality of the neck radius to about 0.3R{sub 0} at this instant. In calculating the energy distribution, both of the criteria used lead to a fairly good description of experimental data on the first two moments and to a satisfactory description of data on the third and fourth moments of the distribution. However, the quality of the description of available experimental data is insufficiently good for giving preference to any of these criteria. Within three-dimensional Langevin dynamics, it is shown that the vanishing-radius criterion leads to unexpectably good agreement with experimental data on the first four moments of the energy distribution. A modified version of one-body dissipation where the coefficient that takes into account the reduction of the wall-formula contribution was set to k{sub s} = 0.25 was used in the calculations.
Quantum dynamics of a two-state system induced by a chirped zero-area pulse
Lee, Han-gyeol; Kim, Hyosub; Jo, Hanlae; Ahn, Jaewook
2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
We report our theoretical and experimental investigation of chirped zero-area pulse interaction with a two-state system. With femto-second laser pulses shaped to have a frequency chirp and a spectral hole at resonance, we demonstrate three major coherent dynamics in two-state systems: zero-area pulse excitations, Rabi-like oscillations, and rapid adiabatic passage. The underlying mechanism behind these rich coherent phenomena is the interplay between the adiabatic evolution and the Rabi-like evolution, respectively, induced by the chirp and the spectral hole. The result suggests that a Rabi-like oscillation can be embedded in an adiabatic evolution, offering a new control scheme towards selective excitation in multi-state quantum systems.
Chen, Yangjun
Distributed DBMS Outline Introduction What is a distributed DBMS Problems Current state-of-affairs Background Distributed DBMS Architecture Distributed Database Design Semantic Data Control Distributed Query Processing Distributed Transaction Management Parallel Database Systems Distributed Object DBMS
Nerukh, Dmitry
Computational mechanics of molecular systems: Quantifying high- dimensional dynamics computational mechanics as a bridge between deterministic chaos in nonlinear dynamical systems with few degrees-Hakodate, School of Systems Information Science, Department of Complex System, 116-2 Kamedanakano-cho, Hakodate
Boutaba, Raouf
performance requirements (e.g. response time) are assured. Furthermore, the dynamic nature of both demand the desired objective dynamically over time according to both demand and resource price fluctuations. We on realistic topologies, demand and resource prices, we demonstrate the effectiveness of our solution
Vimmerstedt, L. J.; Bush, B.; Peterson, S.
2012-05-01T23:59:59.000Z
The Energy Independence and Security Act of 2007 targets use of 36 billion gallons of biofuels per year by 2022. Achieving this may require substantial changes to current transportation fuel systems for distribution, dispensing, and use in vehicles. The U.S. Department of Energy and the National Renewable Energy Laboratory designed a system dynamics approach to help focus government action by determining what supply chain changes would have the greatest potential to accelerate biofuels deployment. The National Renewable Energy Laboratory developed the Biomass Scenario Model, a system dynamics model which represents the primary system effects and dependencies in the biomass-to-biofuels supply chain. The model provides a framework for developing scenarios and conducting biofuels policy analysis. This paper focuses on the downstream portion of the supply chain-represented in the distribution logistics, dispensing station, and fuel utilization, and vehicle modules of the Biomass Scenario Model. This model initially focused on ethanol, but has since been expanded to include other biofuels. Some portions of this system are represented dynamically with major interactions and feedbacks, especially those related to a dispensing station owner's decision whether to offer ethanol fuel and a consumer's choice whether to purchase that fuel. Other portions of the system are modeled with little or no dynamics; the vehicle choices of consumers are represented as discrete scenarios. This paper explores conditions needed to sustain an ethanol fuel market and identifies implications of these findings for program and policy goals. A large, economically sustainable ethanol fuel market (or other biofuel market) requires low end-user fuel price relative to gasoline and sufficient producer payment, which are difficult to achieve simultaneously. Other requirements (different for ethanol vs. other biofuel markets) include the need for infrastructure for distribution and dispensing and widespread use of high ethanol blends in flexible-fuel vehicles.
Guido Tiana; Carlo Camilloni
2012-07-05T23:59:59.000Z
The atomistic characterization of the transition state is a fundamental step to improve the understanding of the folding mechanism and the function of proteins. From a computational point of view, the identification of the conformations that build out the transition state is particularly cumbersome, mainly because of the large computational cost of generating a statistically-sound set of folding trajectories. Here we show that a biasing algorithm, based on the physics of the ratchet-and-pawl, can be used to identify efficiently the transition state. The basic idea is that the algorithmic ratchet exerts a force on the protein when it is climbing the free-energy barrier, while it is inactive when it is descending. The transition state can be identified as the point of the trajectory where the ratchet changes regime. Besides discussing this strategy in general terms, we test it within a protein model whose transition state can be studied independently by plain molecular dynamics simulations. Finally, we show its power in explicit-solvent simulations, obtaining and characterizing a set of transition--state conformations for ACBP and CI2.
Chen, Chih-Kai
2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
and K. Yao, “Energy-based Cooperative Spectrum Sensing forof distributed energy-based cooperative spectrum sensingwe focus on the energy-based cooperative spectrum sensing
Tennessee, University of
Quantum distillation: Dynamical generation of low-entropy states of strongly correlated fermions of double occupancies. We promote the notion of quantum distillation: during the expansion and in the case
Dynamics and BPS states of AdS5 supergravity with a Gauss-Bonnet term
Olivera Miskovic; Ricardo Troncoso; Jorge Zanelli
2006-03-23T23:59:59.000Z
Some dynamical aspects of five-dimensional supergravity as a Chern-Simons theory for the SU(2,2|N) group, are analyzed. The gravitational sector is described by the Einstein-Hilbert action with negative cosmological constant and a Gauss-Bonnet term with a fixed coupling. The interaction between matter and gravity is characterized by intricate couplings which give rise to dynamical features not present in standard theories. Depending on the location in phase space, the dynamics can possess different number of propagating degrees of freedom, including purely topological sectors. This inhomogeneity of phase space requires special care in the analysis. Background solutions in the canonical sectors, which have regular dynamics with maximal number of degrees of freedom, are shown to exist. Within this class, explicit solutions given by locally AdS spacetimes with nontrivial gauge fields are constructed, and BPS states are identified. It is shown that the charge algebra acquires a central extension due to the presence of the matter fields. The Bogomol'nyi bound for these charges is discussed. Special attention is devoted to the N=4 case since then the gauge group has a U(1) central charge and the phase space possesses additional irregular sectors.
Venkatasubramanian, Mani V.
. The approximation follows from an analysis of the fundamental equations describing synchronous machine models models. Index Terms--Synchronous machine models, power system dynamics, power system models, power system of the dynamic state variables of a synchronous machine connected to an arbitrary external network. The technique
Marius Buibas; Gabriel A. Silva
2010-06-22T23:59:59.000Z
We present a framework for simulating signal propagation in geometric networks (i.e. networks that can be mapped to geometric graphs in some space) and for developing algorithms that estimate (i.e. map) the state and functional topology of complex dynamic geometric net- works. Within the framework we define the key features typically present in such networks and of particular relevance to biological cellular neural networks: Dynamics, signaling, observation, and control. The framework is particularly well-suited for estimating functional connectivity in cellular neural networks from experimentally observable data, and has been implemented using graphics processing unit (GPU) high performance computing. Computationally, the framework can simulate cellular network signaling close to or faster than real time. We further propose a standard test set of networks to measure performance and compare different mapping algorithms.
Gadd, S.E.
1995-08-01T23:59:59.000Z
This dissertation discusses studies of the electron-hole pair dynamics of CdS{sub x}Se{sub 1-x} semiconductor alloys for the entire compositional range from x = 1 to x = 0 as examined by the ultrafast fluorescence techniques of time correlated single photon counting and fluorescence upconversion. Specifically, samples with x = 1, .75, .5, .25, and 0 were studied each at a spread of wavelengths about its respective emission maximum which varies according to {lambda} = 718nm - 210x nm. The decays of these samples were found to obey a Kohlrausch distribution, exp [(t/{tau}){sup {beta}}], with the exponent 3 in the range .5-.7 for the alloys. These results are in agreement with those expected for localization due to local potential variations resulting from the random distribution of sulfur and selenium atoms on the element VI A sub-lattice. This localization can be understood in terms of Anderson localization of the holes in states whose energy distribution tails into the forbidden energy band-gap. Because these states have energy dependent lifetimes, the carriers can decay via many parallel channels. This distribution of channels is the ultimate source of the Kohlrausch form of the fluorescence decays.
Ray, Asok
cost associated with the improved reliability and maintainability of digital equipment [2 Engineering at the Pennsylvania State University (PSU). The center-piece of equipment is a modem distributed: mainframes, workstations, or PCcomputers. This equipment has also been adapted for creation of a real- world
Influenza Mortality in the United States, 2009 Pandemic: Burden, Timing and Age Distribution
Nguyen, Ann M; Noymer, Andrew; Cowling, Benjamin J
2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
death rate (ASDR) for pneumonia and influenza, United States,death rate (ASDR) for pneumonia and influenza for the United States
Danel, J.-F.; Blottiau, P.; Kazandjian, L.; Piron, R.; Torrent, M. [CEA, DAM, DIF, 91297 Arpajon (France)
2014-10-15T23:59:59.000Z
The applicability of quantum molecular dynamics to the calculation of the equation of state of a dense plasma is limited at high temperature by computational cost. Orbital-free molecular dynamics, based on a semiclassical approximation and possibly on a gradient correction, is a simulation method available at high temperature. For a high-Z element such as lutetium, we examine how orbital-free molecular dynamics applied to the equation of state of a dense plasma can be regarded as the limit of quantum molecular dynamics at high temperature. For the normal mass density and twice the normal mass density, we show that the pressures calculated with the quantum approach converge monotonically towards those calculated with the orbital-free approach; we observe a faster convergence when the orbital-free approach includes the gradient correction. We propose a method to obtain an equation of state reproducing quantum molecular dynamics results up to high temperatures where this approach cannot be directly implemented. With the results already obtained for low-Z plasmas, the present study opens the way for reproducing the quantum molecular dynamics pressure for all elements up to high temperatures.
McDonnell, Andrew M. P
2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
The sinking flux of particulate matter into the ocean interior is an oceanographic phenomenon that fuels much of the metabolic demand of the subsurface ocean and affects the distribution of carbon and other elements ...
Globally Distributed Engineering Teams in Computational Fluid Dynamics and in Product Development
Schmidt, Susanne R.
2010-10-12T23:59:59.000Z
Globally distributed engineering teams are a reality in globally operating companies. However, research on teams is often done by psychologists, with a focus on general team building and working processes, and seldom on ...
Reactive Scheduling of DAG Applications on Heterogeneous and Dynamic Distributed Computing Systems
Hernandez, Jesus Israel
2008-12-04T23:59:59.000Z
Emerging technologies enable a set of distributed resources across a network to be linked together and used in a coordinated fashion to solve a particular parallel application at the same time. Such applications are often ...
Guallar, V.; Batista, V.S.; Miller, W.H. [Department of Chemistry, University of California, and Chemical Sciences Division, Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, Berkeley, California 94720 (United States)] [Department of Chemistry, University of California, and Chemical Sciences Division, Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, Berkeley, California 94720 (United States)
1999-05-01T23:59:59.000Z
An {ital ab initio} excited state potential energy surface is constructed for describing excited state double proton transfer in the tautomerization reaction of photo-excited 7-azaindole dimers, and the ultrafast dynamics is simulated using the semiclassical (SC) initial value representation (IVR). The potential energy surface, determined in a reduced dimensionality, is obtained at the CIS level of quantum chemistry, and an approximate version of the SC-IVR approach is introduced which scales {ital linearly} with the number of degrees of freedom of the molecular system. The accuracy of this approximate SC-IVR approach is verified by comparing our semiclassical results with full quantum mechanical calculations. We find that proton transfer usually occurs during the first intermonomer symmetric-stretch vibration, about 100 fs after photoexcitation of the system, and produces an initial 15 percent population decay of the reactant base-pair, which is significantly reduced by isotopic substitution. {copyright} {ital 1999 American Institute of Physics.} thinsp
Kring, T. J
1981-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
throughout the study period. The low greenbug densities prevented descriptton of a meaning- ful szgntficant immigration and/or emigration pattern based on slate p d ' . R. d ' b d h pl p production of the panicle. Primary parasitotds reared from... in the Texas Panhandle. Descriptions of greenbug age distribution as it changes through time on wheat is limited zn the United States to Kieckhefer's (1975) work rn South Dakota. Kieckhefer distinguished density gradients of nymphal, apterous and slate...
Dynamic State Estimation in Distributed Aircraft Electric Control Systems via Adaptive Submodularity
Murray, Richard M.
for the international space station, [10] for an aircraft electric system, and [7] for a marine vehicle power system industry signifies progress in the direction of more energy efficient vehicles. Electric systems are replac on electric power, the flight-criticality of an aircraft becomes more dependent on the electric power system
Dynamic State Estimation in Distributed Aircraft Electric Control Systems via Adaptive Submodularity
Xu , Huan
exists on diagnostics of electric power systems focusing on AC systems [5], as well as large vehicle industry signifies progress in the direction of more energy efficient vehicles. Electric systems are replac, the flight-criticality of an aircraft becomes more dependent on the electric power system as well. Because
Gusev, Guennady
2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
Solid State Nuclear Magnetic Resonance 29 (2006) 5265 Dynamic nuclear polarization and nuclear Nuclear magnetic resonance is detected via the in-plane conductivity of a two-dimensional electron system edge states at the perimeter of the 2DES. Interpretation of the electron-nuclear double resonance
N. L. Calleya; S. R. Souza; B. V. Carlson; R. Donangelo; W. G. Lynch; M. B. Tsang; J. R. Winkelbauer
2014-08-28T23:59:59.000Z
The fragmentation of thermalized sources is studied using a version of the Statistical Multifragmentation Model which employs state densities that take the pairing gap in the nuclear levels into account. Attention is focused on the properties of the charge distributions observed in the breakup of the source. Since the microcanonical version of the model used in this study provides the primary fragment excitation energy distribution, one may correlate the reduction of the odd-even staggering in the charge distribution with the increasing occupation of high energy states. Thus, in the frame- work of this model, such staggering tends to disappear as a function of the total excitation energy of the source, although the energy per particle may be small for large systems. We also find that, although the deexcitation of the primary fragments should, in principle, blur these odd-even effects as the fragments follow their decay chains, the consistent treatment of pairing may significantly enhance these staggering effects on the final yields. In the framework of this model, we find that odd-even effects in the charge distributions should be observed in the fragmentation of relatively light systems at very low excitation energies. Our results also suggest that the odd-even staggering may provide useful information on the nuclear state density.
of the factors that will affect feasibility and economic viability of fuel cells is the supply of fuel with the characteristics appropriate to fuel cell designs [1]. This paper deals with fuel performance indices for fuel cell. Index Terms-- Distributed Generation, Distributed Resources, Fuel Cells, Fuels, Natural Gas. I
Wu, Chi
Polyimide MOHAMMAD SIDDIQ,1 CHI WU2 1 Department of Chemistry, Gomal University. D.I. Khan, North of an unfractionated polyimide (UPI) in CHCl3 at 25°C. The Laplace inversion of precisely measured intensity for the characterization of the molecular weight distribution of polyimide. © 2001 John Wiley & Sons, Inc. J Appl Polym Sci
Chow, Mo-Yuen
distributed renewable energy resources to the grid [2]. The storage devices in the microgrids can capture renewable energy resources is crucial for their optimal and reliable operation. With proper scheduling, the storage devices can capture the energy when the renewable generation is high and utility energy price
Thawonmas, Ruck
Analysis of User Trajectories Based on Data Distribution and State Transition: a Case Study in two steps: the first step based on data distribution and the second step based on state transition study where our approach is applied to real trajectory data obtained from Angel Love Online, a massively
Dynamic dipole polarizabilities for the low-lying triplet states of helium
Zhang, Yong-Hui; Zhang, Xian-Zhou; Shi, Ting-Yun
2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
The dynamic dipole polarizabilities for the four lowest triplet states ($2\\,^3S$, $3\\,^3S$, $2\\,^3P$ and $3\\,^3P$) of helium are calculated using the B-spline configuration interaction method. Present values of the static dipole polarizabilities in the length, velocity and acceleration gauges are in good agreement with the best Hylleraas results. Also the tune-out wavelengths in the range from 400 nm to 4.2~$\\mu$m for the four lowest triplet states are identified, and the magic wavelengths in the range from 460~nm to 3.5~$\\mu$m for the $2\\,^3S \\to 3\\,^3S$, $2\\,^3S \\to 2\\,^3P$, and $2\\,^3S \\to 3\\,^3P$ transitions are determined. We show that the tune-out wavelength of $2\\,^3S$ state is 413.038 28(3) nm, which corroborates the value of Mitroy and Tang (Phys. Rev. A 88, 052515 (2013)), and the magic wavelength around 1066 nm for the $2\\,^3S \\to 3\\,^3P$ transition can be expected for precision measurement to determine the ratio of transition matrix elements $(2\\,^3S \\to 2\\,^3P) / (3\\,^3P\\to 6\\,^3S)$.
Dynamical Stability of an Ion in a Linear Trap as a Solid-State Problem of Electron Localization
G. P. Berman; A. R. Bishop; D. F. V. James; R. J. Hughes; D. I. Kamenev
2000-12-18T23:59:59.000Z
When an ion confined in a linear ion trap interacts with a coherent laser field, the internal degrees of freedom, related to the electron transitions, couple to the vibrational degree of freedom of the ion. As a result of this interaction, quantum dynamics of the vibrational degree of freedom becomes complicated, and in some ranges of parameters even chaotic. We analyze the vibrational ion dynamics using a formal analogy with the solid-state problem of electron localization. In particular, we show how the resonant approximation used in analysis of the ion dynamics, leads to a transition from a two-dimensional (2D) to a one-dimensional problem (1D) of electron localization. The localization length in the solid-state problem is estimated in cases of weak and strong interaction between the cites of the 2D cell by using the methods of resonance perturbation theory, common in analysis of 1D time-dependent dynamical systems.
J. Fox; M. Keogh; A. Spahn
2009-05-20T23:59:59.000Z
The broad purpose of this project was to work cooperatively with the DOE to explore technology nad policy issues associated with more efficient, reliable, and affordable electric transmission and distribution use.
Counting Jobs and Economic Impacts from Distributed Wind in the United States (Poster)
Tegen, S.
2014-05-01T23:59:59.000Z
This conference poster describes the distributed wind Jobs and Economic Development Imapcts (JEDI) model. The goal of this work is to provide a model that estimates jobs and other economic effects associated with the domestic distributed wind industry. The distributed wind JEDI model is a free input-output model that estimates employment and other impacts resulting from an investment in distributed wind installations. Default inputs are from installers and industry experts and are based on existing projects. User input can be minimal (use defaults) or very detailed for more precise results. JEDI can help evaluate potential scenarios, current or future; inform stakeholders and decision-makers; assist businesses in evaluating economic development impacts and estimating jobs; assist government organizations with planning and evaluating and developing communities.
Dynamically Controlled Resonance Fluorescence from a Doubly Dressed Solid-State Single Emitter
Yu He; Y. -M. He; J. Liu; Y. -J. Wei; H. Ramirez; M. Atatüre; C. Schneider; M. Kamp; S. Höfling; C. -Y. Lu; J. -W. Pan
2014-11-22T23:59:59.000Z
We report the first experimental demonstration of interference-induced spectral line elimination predicted by Zhu and Scully [Phys. Rev. Lett. 76, 388 (1996)] and Ficek and Rudolph [Phys. Rev. A 60, 4245 (1999)]. We drive an exciton transition of a self-assembled quantum dot in order to realize a two-level system exposed to bichromatic laser field and observe nearly complete elimination of the resonance fluorescence spectral line at the driving laser frequency. This is caused by quantum interference between coupled transitions among the doubly dressed excitonic states, without population trapping. We also demonstrate multiphoton ac Stark effect with shifted subharmonic resonances and dynamical modifications of resonance fluorescence spectra by using double dressing.
Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)
AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level:5 TablesExports(Journal Article) |govInstrumentsmfrirtA Journey InsideMicroBooNEAugust 2013 Tue, 08/27/2013 -11% - A : aHarvestingA State-Level Comparison of
The exact probability distribution of saturating states in random sequential adsorption
Masatomo Iwasa; Kyohei Fukuda
2008-12-03T23:59:59.000Z
We consider the non-overlapping irreversible random sequential adsorption (RSA) process on one-dimensional finite line, which is known also as the car parking process. The probability of each coverage in saturating states is analytically and exactly obtained. In the derivation, a new representation of states in RSA process is introduced, which effectively works to make the calculation clear and simple.
Air Quality Impacts of Distributed Energy Resources Implemented in the Northeastern United States
Dabdub, Donald
of the United States have appropriate characteristics in terms of market deregulation, natural gas prices of the northeastern United States. A methodol- ogy for predicting future market penetration of DER that considers economics and emission factors was used to estimate the most likely implementation of DER. The methodology
Transactors: A Programming Model for Maintaining Globally Consistent Distributed State in Unreliable
Bystroff, Chris
.3.3 [Programming Languages]: Language Constructs and Features--concurrent programming structures; F.3.2 [Logics and Meanings of Programs]: Semantics of Programming Languages--operational semantics.3 [Programming Techniques]: Concurrent Programming--distributed programming General Terms Languages, Reliability
Multi-level Shared State for Distributed Systems DeQing Chen, Chunqiang Tang, Xiangchuan Chen,
Scott, Michael L.
distributed users, devices, and data repositories. Increasingly, the parallel computing part can make in multiple languages, running on heterogeneous machines, to share arbitrary typed data structures amounts of shared data. In C, operations on shared data, including pointers, take precisely the same form
Multilevel Shared State for Distributed Systems DeQing Chen, Chunqiang Tang, Xiangchuan Chen,
Dwarkadas, Sandhya
distributed users, devices, and data repositories. Increasingly, the parallel computing part can make in multiple languages, running on heterogeneous machines, to share arbitrary typed data structures amounts of shared data. In C, operations on shared data, including pointers, take precisely the same form
Alexis Diaz-Torres
2009-10-22T23:59:59.000Z
The classical trajectory model with stochastic breakup for nuclear collision dynamics of weakly-bound nuclei is further developed. It allows a quantitative study of the importance of incomplete fusion dynamics in the angular distribution of direct alpha-production. Model calculations indicate that the incomplete fusion contribution diminishes with decreasing energy towards the Coulomb barrier, notably separating in angles from the contribution of no-capture breakup events. This should facilitate the experimental disentanglement of these competing reaction processes.
Neil Dobbs; Mikko Stenlund
2015-04-08T23:59:59.000Z
We introduce the notion of a quasistatic dynamical system, which generalizes that of an ordinary dynamical system. Quasistatic dynamical systems are inspired by the namesake processes in thermodynamics, which are idealized processes where the observed system transforms (infinitesimally) slowly due to external influence, tracing out a continuous path of thermodynamic equilibria over an (infinitely) long time span. Time-evolution of states under a quasistatic dynamical system is entirely deterministic, but choosing the initial state randomly renders the process a stochastic one. In the prototypical setting where the time-evolution is specified by strongly chaotic maps on the circle, we obtain a description of the statistical behaviour as a stochastic diffusion process, under surprisingly mild conditions on the initial distribution, by solving a well-posed martingale problem. We also consider various admissible ways of centering the process, with the curious conclusion that the "obvious" centering suggested by the initial distribution sometimes fails to yield the expected diffusion.
Strategic Sequencing for State Distributed PV Policies: Program Overviews (Fact Sheet)
Not Available
2012-11-01T23:59:59.000Z
A fact sheet describing a new analysis report that aims to help state officials and policymakers expand markets for solar technologies and ultimately reduce the cost of installed solar nationwide.
Dynamics of threads and polymers in turbulence: power-law distributions and synchronization
Itzhak Fouxon; Harald A. Posch
2011-12-28T23:59:59.000Z
We study the behavior of threads and polymers in a turbulent flow. These objects have finite spatial extension, so the flow along them differs slightly. The corresponding drag forces produce a finite average stretching and the thread is stretched most of the time. Nevertheless, the probability of shrinking fluctuations is significant and is known to decay only as a power-law. We show that the exponent of the power law is a universal number independent of the statistics of the flow. For polymers the coil-stretch transition exists: the flow must have a sufficiently large Lyapunov exponent to overcome the elastic resistance and stretch the polymer from the coiled state it takes otherwise. The probability of shrinking from the stretched state above the transition again obeys a power law but with a non-universal exponent. We show that well above the transition the exponent becomes universal and derive the corresponding expression. Furthermore, we demonstrate synchronization: the end-to-end distances of threads or polymers above the transition are synchronized by the flow and become identical. Thus, the transition from Newtonian to non-Newtonian behavior in dilute polymer solutions can be seen as an ordering transition.
Paris-Sud 11, Université de
-glass" state oc- curs at Tg 1=ph 2, 12]. So, although most studies reveal inhomogeneous distributions
van Stokkum, Ivo
J. Phys. Chem. 1994, 98, 10539-10549 10539 Excited-State Conformational Dynamics of Flexibly and Semirigidly Bridged Electron Donor- Acceptor Systems in Solution. Influence of Temperature and Solvent was either a flexible trimethylene chain or a semirigid piperidine ring. Photoexcitation of the semirigidly
Siminovitch, Michael J. (Pinole, CA); Page, Erik R. (Berkeley, CA)
2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
A double lamp table or floor lamp lighting system has a pair of compact fluorescent lamps (CFLs) or other lamps arranged vertically, i.e. one lamp above the other, with a reflective septum in between. By selectively turning on one or both of the CFLs, down lighting, up lighting, or both up and down lighting is produced. The control system can also vary the light intensity from each CFL. The reflective septum ensures that almost all the light produced by each lamp will be directed into the desired light distribution pattern which is selected and easily changed by the user. In a particular configuration, the reflective septum is bowl shaped, with the upper CFL sitting in the bowl, and a luminous shade hanging down from the bowl. The lower CFL provides both task lighting and uniform shade luminance. Planar compact fluorescent lamps, e.g. circular CFLs, particularly oriented horizontally, are preferable. CFLs provide energy efficiency. However, other types of lamps, including incandescent, halogen, and LEDs can also be used in the fixture. The lighting system may be designed for the home, hospitality, office or other environments.
Gupta, B B; Misra, Manoj
2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
Denial of service (DoS) attacks and more particularly the distributed ones (DDoS) are one of the latest threat and pose a grave danger to users, organizations and infrastructures of the Internet. Several schemes have been proposed on how to detect some of these attacks, but they suffer from a range of problems, some of them being impractical and others not being effective against these attacks. This paper reports the design principles and evaluation results of our proposed framework that autonomously detects and accurately characterizes a wide range of flooding DDoS attacks in ISP network. Attacks are detected by the constant monitoring of propagation of abrupt traffic changes inside ISP network. For this, a newly designed flow-volume based approach (FVBA) is used to construct profile of the traffic normally seen in the network, and identify anomalies whenever traffic goes out of profile. Consideration of varying tolerance factors make proposed detection system scalable to the varying network conditions and a...
Goyal, Nitin, E-mail: nitin@unik.no [Carinthian Tech Research CTR AG, Europastraße 4/1, Technologiepark Villach, A-9524 Villach/St. Magdalen (Austria); Department of Electronics and Telecommunication, Norwegian University of Science and Technology, Trondheim NO7034 (Norway); Fjeldly, Tor A. [Department of Electronics and Telecommunication, Norwegian University of Science and Technology, Trondheim NO7034 (Norway)
2014-07-14T23:59:59.000Z
In this paper, a physics based analytical model is presented for calculation of the two-dimensional electron gas density and the bare surface barrier height of AlGaN/AlN/GaN material stacks. The presented model is based on the concept of distributed surface donor states and the self-consistent solution of Poisson equation at the different material interfaces. The model shows good agreement with the reported experimental data and can be used for the design and characterization of advanced GaN devices for power and radio frequency applications.
Nimalasuriya, T.; Flikweert, A.J.; Stoffels, W.W.; Haverlag, M.; Mullen, J.J.A.M. van der; Pupat, N.B.M. [Department of Applied Physics, Eindhoven University of Technology, P.O. Box 513, 5600 MB Eindhoven (Netherlands); Ecole Nationale Superieure de Chimie de Paris, 11 Rue Pierre et Marie Curie, 75005 Paris (France)
2006-03-01T23:59:59.000Z
Absolute line intensity measurements are performed on a metal-halide lamp. Several transitions of atomic and ionic Dy and atomic Hg are measured at different radial positions from which we obtain absolute atomic and ionic Dy intensity profiles. From these profiles we construct the radially resolved atomic state distribution function (ASDF) of the atomic and ionic Dy and the atomic Hg. From these ASDFs several quantities are determined as functions of radial position, such as the (excitation) temperature, the ion ratio Hg{sup +}/Dy{sup +}, the electron density, the ground state, and the total density of Dy atoms and ions. Moreover, these ASDFs give us insight about the departure from equilibrium. The measurements show a hollow density profile for the atoms and the ionization of atoms in the center. In the outer parts of the lamp molecules dominate.
Single-shot spectroscopy of solid-state photoinduced dynamics far from equilibrium
Wolfson, Johanna Wendlandt
2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
Ultrafast single-shot spectroscopy was developed and improved as a method to observe photoinduced dynamics far from equilibrium. The method was then employed to illuminate material dynamics in platinum-halide quasi-one-dimensional ...
Finding Bugs in Web Applications Using Dynamic Test Generation and Explicit State Model Checking
Tip, Frank
2009-03-26T23:59:59.000Z
Web script crashes and malformed dynamically-generated web pages are common errors, and they seriously impact the usability of web applications. Current tools for web-page validation cannot handle the dynamically generated ...
Muñoz, Francesc
-Mar´in and Francesc D. Mu~noz-Esco´i Institut Universitari Mixt Tecnol`ogic d'Inform`atica Universitat Polit`ecnica de Characterisation of Dynamic Distributed Systems F´elix Garc´ia-Neiva, Rub´en de Juan-Mar´in and Francesc D. Mu~noz-Esco
Thomas Durt
2006-04-17T23:59:59.000Z
We study different techniques that allow us to gain complete knowledge about an unknown quantum state, e.g. to perform full tomography of this state. We focus on two apparently simple cases, full tomography of one and two qubit systems. We analyze and compare those techniques according to two figures of merit. Our first criterion is the minimisation of the redundancy of the data acquired during the tomographic process. In the case of two-qubits tomography, we also analyze this process from the point of view of factorisability, so to say we analyze the possibility to realise the tomographic process through local operations and classical communications between local observers. This brings us naturally to study the possibility to factorize the (discrete) Wigner distribution of a composite system into the product of local Wigner distributions. The discrete Heisenberg-Weyl group is an essential ingredient of our approach. Possible extensions of our results to higher dimensions are discussed in the last section and in the conclusions.
Ermolinskiy, Andrey
2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
2009. IEEE Computer Society. [34] Fedora project. http://and the control VM) ran the Fedora Core [34] distribution ofvirtual machines run the Fedora Core distribution of Linux
Brown, Matthew; Potestio, Dena Sue; Rewey, Christina
2000-06-01T23:59:59.000Z
The Energy Institute was a seminar specifically designed for state legislators to learn about distributed resources and their potential to fundamentally alter the electric utility industry and its regulatory framework. In addition to the learning experience at the seminar itself, legislators and staff were given background material developed by NCSL and handouts developed by the speakers. Approximately 25 state officials attended.
Evolutionary dynamic optimization: A survey of the state of the art
2012-04-09T23:59:59.000Z
[68] E. Alba, B. Sarasola, Measuring fitness degradation in dynamic optimiza-. 1561 tion problems, in: European Workshops on Applications of Evolutionary.
Solid-State Dynamic Nuclear Polarization at 263 GHz: Spectrometer Design and Experimental Results
Rosay, Melanie
Dynamic Nuclear Polarization (DNP) experiments transfer polarization from electron spins to nuclear spins with microwave irradiation of the electron spins for enhanced sensitivity in nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) ...
Colaiori, Francesca; Cuskley, Christine F; Loreto, Vittorio; Pugliese, Martina; Tria, Francesca
2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
Empirical evidence shows that the rate of irregular usage of English verbs exhibits discontinuity as a function of their frequency: the most frequent verbs tend to be totally irregular. We aim to qualitatively understand the origin of this feature by studying simple agent--based models of language dynamics, where each agent adopts an inflectional state for a verb and may change it upon interaction with other agents. At the same time, agents are replaced at some rate by new agents adopting the regular form. In models with only two inflectional states (regular and irregular), we observe that either all verbs regularize irrespective of their frequency, or a continuous transition occurs between a low frequency state where the lemma becomes fully regular, and a high frequency one where both forms coexist. Introducing a third (mixed) state, wherein agents may use either form, we find that a third, qualitatively different behavior may emerge, namely, a discontinuous transition in frequency. We introduce and solve an...
Desynchronized Multi-State Abstractions for Open Programs in Dynamic Languages
Rival, Xavier
. Dynamic language library developers face a challenging problem: ensuring that their libraries will behave stems from the common use of two defining features for dynamic languages: callbacks into client code, the second abstraction tracks attribute name/value pairs across the execution of a library. We implement
Truong, Thanh N.
of a focusing technique to minimize the number of electronic structure calculations, while still preservingA direct ab inifio dynamics approach for calculating thermal rate constants using variational dynamics, " for calculations of thermal rate constants and related properties from first principles
Fluid transport properties by equilibrium molecular dynamics. I. Methodology at extreme fluid states
Dysthe, Dag Kristian
Fluid transport properties by equilibrium molecular dynamics. I. Methodology at extreme fluid. We are interested in obtaining a complete picture of the transport mechanisms in molecular fluids 17 November 1998 The Green-Kubo formalism for evaluating transport coefficients by molecular dynamics
Menzel, Michael, A., Jr.
2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
Menzel, M.A. 2003. An examination of factors influencing the spatial distribution of foraging bats in pine stands in the Southeastern United States. Ph.D Dissertation. Davis College of Agriculture, Forestry and Consumer Sciences at West Virginia University, Morgantown, West Virginia. 336 pp. The general objective of this dissertation was to determine the effect of changes in forest structure on bat activity patterns in southern pine stands. Four sub studies are included in the dissertation: (1) An examination of the homerange size, habitat use and diet of four reproductively active male Rafinesque's big eared bats (Corynorhimus rafinesquii); (2) An examination of the diet of 5 reproductively active male Rafinesque's big eared bats; (3) A comparison of bat activity levels in the Coastal Plain of South Carolina among 5 vegetational community types: forested riparian areas, clearcuts, young pine plantations, mature plantations, and pine savannahs; (4) A summarization of information concerning the natural history of all bat species common in the SPR.
Khuseynov, Dmitry; Blackstone, Christopher C.; Culberson, Lori M.; Sanov, Andrei, E-mail: sanov@u.arizona.edu [Department of Chemistry and Biochemistry, University of Arizona, Tucson, Arizona 85721 (United States)
2014-09-28T23:59:59.000Z
We present a model for laboratory-frame photoelectron angular distributions in direct photodetachment from (in principle) any molecular orbital using linearly polarized light. A transparent mathematical approach is used to generalize the Cooper-Zare central-potential model to anionic states of any mixed character. In the limit of atomic-anion photodetachment, the model reproduces the Cooper-Zare formula. In the case of an initial orbital described as a superposition of s and p-type functions, the model yields the previously obtained s-p mixing formula. The formalism is further advanced using the Hanstorp approximation, whereas the relative scaling of the partial-wave cross-sections is assumed to follow the Wigner threshold law. The resulting model describes the energy dependence of photoelectron anisotropy for any atomic, molecular, or cluster anions, usually without requiring a direct calculation of the transition dipole matrix elements. As a benchmark case, we apply the p-d variant of the model to the experimental results for NO{sup ?} photodetachment and show that the observed anisotropy trend is described well using physically meaningful values of the model parameters. Overall, the presented formalism delivers insight into the photodetachment process and affords a new quantitative strategy for analyzing the photoelectron angular distributions and characterizing mixed-character molecular orbitals using photoelectron imaging spectroscopy of negative ions.
Coddington, M. H.; Kroposki, B. D.; Basso, T.; Berger, D.; Crowell, K.; Hayes, J.
2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
In 2008, a 300 kW{sub peak} photovoltaic (PV) system was installed on the rooftop of the Colorado Convention Center (CCC). The installation was unique for the electric utility, Xcel Energy, as it had not previously permitted a PV system to be interconnected on a building served by the local secondary network distribution system (network). The PV system was installed with several provisions; one to prevent reverse power flow, another called a dynamically controlled inverter (DCI), that curtails the output of the PV inverters to maintain an amount of load supplied by Xcel Energy at the CCC. The DCI system utilizes current transformers (CTs) to sense power flow to insure that a minimum threshold is maintained from Xcel Energy through the network transformers. The inverters are set to track the load on each of the three phases and curtail power from the PV system when the generated PV system current reaches 95% of the current on any phase. This is achieved by the DCI, which gathers inputs from current transformers measuring the current from the PV array, Xcel, and the spot network load. Preventing reverse power flow is a critical technical requirement for the spot network which serve this part of the CCC. The PV system was designed with the expectation that the DCI system would not curtail the PV system, as the expected minimum load consumption was historically higher than the designed PV system size. However, the DCI system has operated many days during the course of a year, and the performance has been excellent. The DCI system at the CCC was installed as a secondary measure to insure that a minimum level of power flows to the CCC from the Xcel Energy network. While this DCI system was intended for localized control, the system could also reduce output percent if an external smart grid control signal was employed. This paper specifically focuses on the performance of the innovative design at this installation; however, the DCI system could also be used for new s- art grid-enabled distribution systems where renewables power contributions at certain conditions or times may need to be curtailed.
Stener, M., E-mail: stener@univ.trieste.it; Decleva, P. [Dipartimento di Scienze Chimiche e Farmaceutiche, Università di Trieste, Via L. Giorgieri 1, I-34127 Trieste (Italy) [Dipartimento di Scienze Chimiche e Farmaceutiche, Università di Trieste, Via L. Giorgieri 1, I-34127 Trieste (Italy); Consorzio Interuniversitario Nazionale per la Scienza e Tecnologia dei Materiali Unita'di Trieste, 34127 Trieste (Italy); CNR-IOM DEMOCRITOS, 34149 Trieste (Italy)] [Italy; Mizuno, T.; Yagishita, A. [Photon Factory, Institute of Materials Structure Science, KEK, Oho 1-1, Tsukuba 305-0801 (Japan)] [Photon Factory, Institute of Materials Structure Science, KEK, Oho 1-1, Tsukuba 305-0801 (Japan); Yoshida, H. [Department of Chemistry, Hiroshima University, Higashi-Hiroshima, Hirosima 739-8526 (Japan)] [Department of Chemistry, Hiroshima University, Higashi-Hiroshima, Hirosima 739-8526 (Japan)
2014-01-28T23:59:59.000Z
F1s and C1s photoelectron angular distributions are considered for CH{sub 3}F, a molecule which does not support any shape resonance. In spite of the absence of features in the photoionization cross section profile, the recoil frame photoelectron angular distributions (RFPADs) exhibits dramatic changes depending on both the photoelectron energy and polarization geometry. Time-dependent density functional theory calculations are also given to rationalize the photoionization dynamics. The RFPADs have been compared with the theoretical calculations, in order to assess the accuracy of the theoretical method and rationalize the experimental findings. The effect of finite acceptance angles for both ionic fragments and photoelectrons has been included in the calculations, as well as the effect of rotational averaging around the fragmentation axis. Excellent agreement between theory and experiment is obtained, confirming the good quality of the calculated dynamical quantities (dipole moments and phase shifts)
Dynamics of Nonlocality for A Two-Mode Squeezed State in Thermal Environment
Hyunseok Jeong; Jinhyoung Lee; M. S. Kim
2000-03-18T23:59:59.000Z
We investigate the time evolution of nonlocality for a two-mode squeezed state in the thermal environment. The initial two-mode pure squeezed state is nonlocal with a stronger nonlocality for a larger degree of squeezing. It is found that the larger the degree of initial squeezing is, the more rapidly the squeezed state loses its nonlocality. We explain this by the rapid destruction of quantum coherence for the strongly squeezed state.
High-resolution high-frequency dynamic nuclear polarization for biomolecular solid state NMR
Barnes, Alexander B. (Alexander Benjamin)
2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
Dynamic Nuclear Polarization (DNP) has exploded in popularity over the last few years, finally realizing its potential to overcome the detrimental lack of sensitivity that has plagued performing NMR experiments. Applied ...
Chang-hua Zhu; Chang-xing Pei; Dong-xiao Quan; Nan Chen; Yun-hui Yi
2009-08-30T23:59:59.000Z
We investigate the polarization state dynamics of single photon pulse for optical fiber quantum communication channels. On the basis of a birefringence vector model in which amplitude and direction are both stochastic variables, Jones vector is obtained by solving the frequency domain wave equation. The fidelity of output quantum state and degree of polarization of the pulse are also obtained from the density operators. It is shown that the fidelity of quantum state decreases quickly and tends to a stable value along optical fiber, and increases for larger mean fluctuation magnitude of the stochastic fiber birefringence. Degree of polarization is nearly constant for small mean fluctuation magnitude of the birefringence. The fidelity and degree of polarization vary in the same way for Gaussian and rectangular frequency spectrum envelope, while the value of Lorentzian spectrum is smaller.
? production as a probe for early state dynamics in high energy nuclear collisions at RHIC
DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)
Liu, Yunpeng; Chen, Baoyi; Xu, Nu; Zhuang, Pengfei
2011-02-01T23:59:59.000Z
? production in heavy ion collisions at RHIC energy is investigated. While the transverse momentum spectra of the ground state ?(1s) are controlled by the initial state Cronin effect, the excited bb? states are characterized by the competition between the cold and hot nuclear matter effects and sensitive to the dissociation temperatures determined by the heavy quark potential. We emphasize that it is necessary to measure the excited heavy quark states in order to extract the early stage information in high energy nuclear collisions at RHIC.
Desynchronized Multi-State Abstractions for Open Programs in Dynamic Languages
Chang, Bor-Yuh Evan
INRIA/CNRS/ENS Paris, xavier.rival@ens.fr Abstract. Dynamic language library developers face a challenging problem: ensuring that their libraries will behave correctly for a wide variety of client programs without having access to those client programs. This problem stems from the common use of two defining
Dynamic Spherical Volumetric Simplex Splines with Applications in Biomedicine Wayne State University
Qin, Hong
Dynamic Spherical Volumetric Simplex Splines with Applications in Biomedicine Yunhao Tan , Jing Hua computational framework based on dy- namic spherical volumetric simplex splines for simulation of genus- zero to reconstruct the high-fidelity digi- tal model of a real-world object with spherical volumetric simplex splines
Steady-State and Dynamic Modeling of Commercial Slurry High-Density Polyethylene (HDPE) Processes
Liu, Y. A.
, solvent, and oligomeric species from the polymer. Sol- vent is separated from the oligomer and recycled, Polymers Plus and Aspen Dynamics. The discussion includes thermodynamic properties, phase equilibrium, reaction kinetics, polymer properties, and other modeling issues. We characterize a Ziegler- Natta catalyst
How to implement decoy-state quantum key distribution for a satellite uplink with 50-dB channel loss
Meyer-Scott, Evan; Yan, Zhizhong; MacDonald, Allison; Bourgoin, Jean-Philippe; Huebel, Hannes; Jennewein, Thomas [Institute for Quantum Computing, University of Waterloo, 200 University Avenue W, Waterloo ON, Canada N2L 3G1 (Canada)
2011-12-15T23:59:59.000Z
Quantum key distribution (QKD) takes advantage of fundamental properties of quantum physics to allow two distant parties to share a secret key; however, QKD is hampered by a distance limitation of a few hundred kilometers on Earth. The most immediate solution for global coverage is to use a satellite, which can receive separate QKD transmissions from two or more ground stations and act as a trusted node to link these ground stations. In this article we report on a system capable of performing QKD in the high loss regime expected in an uplink to a satellite using weak coherent pulses and decoy states. Such a scenario profits from the simplicity of its receiver payload, but has so far been considered to be infeasible due to very high transmission losses (40-50 dB). The high loss is overcome by implementing an innovative photon source and advanced timing analysis. Our system handles up to 57 dB photon loss in the infinite key limit, confirming the viability of the satellite uplink scenario. We emphasize that while this system was designed with a satellite uplink in mind, it could just as easily overcome high losses on any free space QKD link.
Buckled nano rod - a two state system: quantum effects on its dynamics
Aniruddha Chakraborty
2011-07-18T23:59:59.000Z
We consider a suspended elastic rod under longitudinal compression. The compression can be used to adjust potential energy for transverse displacements from harmonic to double well regime. The two minima in potential energy curve describe two possible buckled states. Using transition state theory (TST) we have calculated the rate of conversion from one state to other. If the strain $\\epsilon = 4 \\epsilon_c$ the simple TST rate diverges. We suggest a method to correct this divergence for quantum calculations. We also find that zero point energy contributions can be quite large so that single mode calculations can lead to large errors in the rate.
Taylor, Frank E.
This Letter describes a model-independent search for the production of new resonant states in photon+jet events in 2.11??fb[superscript -1] of proton-proton collisions at ?s=7??TeV. We compare the photon+jet mass distribution ...
The development of short sea shipping in the United States : a dynamic alternative
Connor, Peter H. (Peter Harold)
2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
Current projections show that U.S. international trade is expected to reach nearly two billion tons by 2020, approximately double today's level. With such a large forecasted growth in trade coming through the United States ...
Effect of asymmetry parameter on the dynamical states of nonlocally coupled nonlinear oscillators
R. Gopal; V. K. Chandrasekar; D. V. Senthilkumar; A. Venkatesan; M. Lakshmanan
2015-06-17T23:59:59.000Z
We show that coexisting domains of coherent and incoherent oscillations can be induced in an ensemble of any identical nonlinear dynamical systems using the nonlocal rotational matrix coupling with an asymmetry parameter. Further, chimera is shown to emerge in a wide range of the asymmetry parameter in contrast to near $\\frac{\\pi}{2}$ values of it employed in the earlier works. We have also corroborated our results using the strength of incoherence in the frequency domain ($S_{\\omega}$) and in the amplitude domain ($S$) thereby distinguishing the frequency and amplitude chimeras. The robust nature of the asymmetry parameter in inducing chimeras in any generic dynamical system is established using ensembles of identical R\\"ossler oscillators, Lorenz systems, and Hindmarsh-Rose (HR) neurons in their chaotic regimes.
Faithful Solid State Optical Memory with Dynamically Decoupled Spin Wave Storage
Marko Lovri?; Alban Ferrier; Dieter Suter; Philippe Goldner
2013-02-14T23:59:59.000Z
We report an optical memory in a rare earth doped crystal with long storage times, up to 20 ms, together with an optical bandwidth of 1.5 MHz. This is obtained by transferring optical coherences to nuclear spin coherences, which were then protected against environmental noise by dynamical decoupling. With this approach, we achieved a 33 fold increase in spin wave storage time over the intrinsic spin coherence lifetime. Comparison between different decoupling sequences indicates that sequences insensitive to initial spin coherence increase retrieval efficiency. Finally, an interference experiment shows that relative phases of input pulses are preserved through the whole storage process with a visibility close to 1, demonstrating the usefulness of dynamical decoupling for extending the storage time of quantum memories.
Using System Dynamics to Model the Transition to Biofuels in the United States: Preprint
Bush, B.; Duffy, M.; Sandor, D.; Peterson, S.
2008-06-01T23:59:59.000Z
Transitioning to a biofuels industry that is expected to displace about 30% of current U.S. gasoline consumption requires a robust biomass-to-biofuels system-of-systems that operates in concert with the existing markets. This paper discusses employing a system dynamics approach to investigate potential market penetration scenarios for cellulosic ethanol and to help government decision makers focus on areas with greatest potential.
Fujii, K., E-mail: fujii@me.kyoto-u.ac.jp; Atsumi, S.; Watanabe, S.; Shikama, T.; Hasuo, M. [Department of Mechanical Engineering and Science, Graduate School of Engineering, Kyoto University, Kyoto 606-8540 (Japan)] [Department of Mechanical Engineering and Science, Graduate School of Engineering, Kyoto University, Kyoto 606-8540 (Japan); Goto, M.; Morita, S. [National Institute for Fusion Science, Toki 509-5292 (Japan)] [National Institute for Fusion Science, Toki 509-5292 (Japan)
2014-02-15T23:59:59.000Z
We report development of a high dynamic range spectroscopic system comprising a spectrometer with 30% throughput and a camera with a low-noise fast-readout complementary metal-oxide semiconductor sensor. The system achieves a 10{sup 6} dynamic range (?20 bit resolution) and an instrumental function approximated by a Voigt profile with Gauss and Lorentz widths of 31 and 0.31 pm, respectively, for 656 nm light. The application of the system for line profile observations of the Balmer-? emissions from high temperature plasmas generated in the Large Helical Device is also presented. In the observed line profiles, emissions are detected in far wings more than 1.0 nm away from the line center, equivalent to neutral hydrogen atom kinetic energies above 1 keV. We evaluate atom density distributions in the core plasma by analyzing the line profiles.
Rosen, Johanna; Anders, Andre; Mraz, Stanislav; Atiser, Adil; Schneider, Jochen M.
2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
energy distributions of filtered aluminum arcs Johanna Roséndistributions (IEDs) in filtered aluminum vacuum arc plasmasfor vacuum arc plasmas. Aluminum plasma, for example,
PREDICTIVE POWER CONTROL FOR DYNAMIC STATE ESTIMATION OVER WIRELESS SENSOR NETWORKS WITH RELAYS
for state estimation of a stationary ARMA process over a wireless sensor network (WSN), consisting of sensor networks for a widespread of ap- plications, e.g., target-tracking and data acquisition [5,15]. A WSN energy. The wireless communication channel between nodes in the WSN is subject to fading, which
Multiphoton lasing in atomic potassium: Steady-state and dynamic behavior J. L. Font,1
Gauthier, Daniel
University, Box 90305, Durham, North Carolina 27708, USA Received 12 September 2005; published 21 December of the fundamental quantum processes yielding them. Closed-curve laser-emission profiles are obtained for multiphoton energy state and n photons identical to the incident ones are added to the light beam. Such lasers
Dynamical states of the cortico basal ganglia circuits Thesis submitted for the degree of
in these mean discharge rates. It posits that the death of midbrain dopaminergic neurons that occurs in PDDynamical states of the cortico basal ganglia circuits Thesis submitted for the degree of "Doctor variable that represents the mean discharge rate of neurons in that nucleus, and focuses on the gross
Sampling-based Motion Planning With Dynamic Intermediate State Objectives: Application to Throwing
Indiana University
collision. In order to plan quickly, we designed our planner to exploit knowledge of these problem a larger fraction of states within the small reachable subset of a DISO, we apply a fast filter based into a receptacle (e.g., a basket or trash can) in a known 3D environment. Our tests show that fewer than 2
Buckled nano rod - a two state system and its dynamics using system plus reservoir model
Aniruddha Chakraborty
2009-12-09T23:59:59.000Z
We consider a suspended elastic rod under longitudinal compression. The compression can be used to adjust potential energy for transverse displacements from harmonic to double well regime. As compressional strain is increased to the buckling instability, the frequency of fundamental vibrational mode drops continuously to zero (first buckling instability). As one tunes the separation between ends of a rod, the system remains stable beyond the instability and develops a double well potential for transverse motion. The two minima in potential energy curve describe two possible buckled states at a particular strain. From one buckled state it can go over to the other by thermal fluctuations or quantum tunnelling. Using a continuum approach and transition state theory (TST) one can calculate the rate of conversion from one state to other. Saddle point for the change from one state to other is the straight rod configuration. The rate, however, diverges at the second buckling instability. At this point, the straight rod configuration, which was a saddle till then, becomes hill top and two new saddles are generated. The new saddles have bent configurations and as rod goes through further instabilities, they remain stable and the rate calculated according to harmonic approximation around saddle point remains finite. In our earlier paper classical rate calculation including friction has been carried out [J. Comput. Theor. Nanosci. {\\bf 4} (2007) {\\it 1}], by assuming that each segment of the rod is coupled to its own collection of harmonic oscillators - our rate expression is well behaved through the second buckling instability. In this paper we have extended our method to calculate quantum rate using the same system plus reservoir model. We find that friction lowers the rate of conversion.
Ouyang, Bing, E-mail: ouyangbing.zj@foxmail.com; Xue, Jia-Dan, E-mail: jenniexue@126.com; Zheng, Xuming, E-mail: zhengxuming126@126.com, E-mail: zxm@zstu.edu.cn, E-mail: fangwh@dnu.edu.cn [Department of Chemistry, Zhejiang Sci-Tech University, Hangzhou 310018 (China)] [Department of Chemistry, Zhejiang Sci-Tech University, Hangzhou 310018 (China); Fang, Wei-Hai, E-mail: zxm@zstu.edu.cn, E-mail: fangwh@dnu.edu.cn, E-mail: fangwh@dnu.edu.cn [Department of Chemistry, Beijing Normal University, Beijing 100875 (China)] [Department of Chemistry, Beijing Normal University, Beijing 100875 (China)
2014-05-21T23:59:59.000Z
The excited state structural dynamics of phenyl isothiocyanate (PITC) after excitation to the light absorbing S{sub 2}(A?), S{sub 6}(A?), and S{sub 7}(A?) excited states were studied by using the resonance Raman spectroscopy and complete active space self-consistent field method calculations. The UV absorption bands of PITC were assigned. The vibrational assignments were done on the basis of the Fourier transform (FT)-Raman and FT-infrared measurements, the density-functional theory computations, and the normal mode analysis. The A-, B-, and C-bands resonance Raman spectra in cyclohexane, acetonitrile, and methanol solvents were, respectively, obtained at 299.1, 282.4, 266.0, 252.7, 228.7, 217.8, and 208.8 nm excitation wavelengths to probe the corresponding structural dynamics of PITC. The results indicated that the structural dynamics in the S{sub 2}(A?), S{sub 6}(A?), and S{sub 7}(A?) excited states were very different. The conical intersection point CI(S{sub 2}/S{sub 1}) were predicted to play important role in the low-lying excited state decay dynamics. Two major decay channels were predicted for PITC upon excitation to the S{sub 2}(A?) state: the radiative S{sub 2,min} ? S{sub 0} transition and the nonradiative S{sub 2} ? S{sub 1} internal conversion via CI(S{sub 2}/S{sub 1}). The differences in the decay dynamics between methyl isothiocyanate and PITC in the first light absorbing excited state were discussed. The role of the intersystem crossing point ISC(S{sub 1}/T{sub 1}) in the excited state decay dynamics of PITC is evaluated.
VUV studies of molecular photofragmentation dynamics
White, M.G. [Brookhaven National Laboratory, Upton, NY (United States)
1993-12-01T23:59:59.000Z
State-resolved, photoion and photoelectron methods are used to study the neutral fragmentation and ionization dynamics of small molecules relevant to atmospheric and combustion chemistry. Photodissociation and ionization are initiated by coherent VUV radiation and the fragmentation dynamics are extracted from measurements of product rovibronic state distributions, kinetic energies and angular distributions. The general aim of these studies is to investigate the multichannel interactions between the electronic and nuclear motions which determine the evolution of the photoexcited {open_quotes}complex{close_quotes} into the observed asymptotic channels.
Kubiatowicz, John D.
locality and rapid adaptation to arriving and departing nodes. We show how these two properties can widely for availability, durability, and locality.1 This has lead to a renewed interest in techniques storage and balanced computational load. 4. Dynamic Membership: The system must adapt to arriving
Zhao, Ben Y.
infrastructure are routing locality and rapid adaptation to arriving and departing nodes. We show how these two are mobile and repli- cated widely for availability, durability, and locality.1 This has lead to a renewed minimal storage and balanced computational load. 4. Dynamic Membership: The system must adapt to arriving
Dobson, Ian
on the robustness of the power transmission grid using a dynamic model of the power transmission system (OPA renewable, power sources, coupled with a drive for decentralization, the fraction of electric power and the engineering responses to failure. In this model, the power demand is increased at a constant rate and is also
Felker, P.M. [Univ. of California, Los Angeles (United States)
1993-12-01T23:59:59.000Z
First, the author aims to develop methods of nonlinear Raman spectroscopy for application in studies of sparse samples. Second, the author wishes to apply such methods to structural and dynamical studies of species (molecules, complexes, and clusters) in supersonic molecular beams. In the past year, the author has made progress in several areas. The first pertains to the application of mass-selective ionization-detected stimulated Raman spectroscopies (IDSRS) to the size-specific vibrational spectroscopy of solute-solvent{sub n} clusters. The second involves the application of IDSRS methods to studies of jet-cooled benzene clusters. The third pertains to the use of IDSRS methods in the study of intermolecular vibrational transitions in van der Waals complexes.
Not Available
2014-09-01T23:59:59.000Z
This document summarizes proposed and enacted legislation and activities related to energy storage for nine states, which are presented alphabetically. These states were selected to provide a high-level view of various energy storage efforts taking place across the United States.
Boyer, Edmond
renewable technology (e.g. wind or solar, etc.) whose behavior is described by a binary state, working of the renewable generator (e.g. solar generator, wind turbine, and electrical vehicle aggregation) State value Multiplication operator of u-functions Wind speed Total number of discretized wind speed states Discretized wind
Distributed Paging Yair Bartal
Bartal, Yair
. We survey distributed data management problems including distributed paging, file allocation fantastically on an annual basis. This survey deals with distributed data management problems. Such probÂ lems in distributed data management is the deÂ sign of a dynamic allocation of file copies in a network in order
Stefano Zippilli; Fabrizio Illuminati
2014-02-16T23:59:59.000Z
When two chains of quantum systems are driven at their ends by a two-mode squeezed reservoir, they approach a steady state characterized by the formation of many entangled pairs. Each pair is made of one element of the first and one of the second chain. This effect has been already predicted under the assumption of broadband squeezing. Here we investigate the situation of finite-bandwidth reservoirs. This is done by modeling the driving bath as the output field of a non-degenerate parametric oscillator. The resulting non-Markovian dynamics is studied within the theoretical framework of cascade open quantum systems. It is shown that the formation of pair-entangled structures occurs as long as the normal-mode splitting of the arrays does not overcome the squeezing bandwidth of the reservoir.
A Brief Introduction To Adaptive Dynamics Regis Ferriere
Saleska, Scott
generates selection on this variation. As a consequence the distribution of trait values evolve, causing (distribution of trait values, corresponding ecological state) of this ecoevo feedback loop. Let us look at a simple example: population dynamics under logistic growth 1 If r > 0, the equilibrium population
Bichromatic control of dynamical tunneling: influence of the irregular Floquet states
Archana Shukla; Srihari Keshavamurthy
2014-11-27T23:59:59.000Z
Bichromatic control, in terms of the amplitude and relative phase of the second field as control knobs, is an useful approach for controlling a variety of quantum processes. In this context, understanding the features of the control landscape is important to assess the extent and efficiency of the control process. A key question is whether, for a given quantum process, one can have regions wherein there is a complete lack of control. In this work we show that such regions do exist and can be explained on the basis of the phase space nature of the quantum Floquet states. Specifically, we show that robust regions of no control arise due to the phenomenon of chaos-assisted tunneling. We also comment on the possible influence of such regions on the phenomenon of directed transport in quantum Hamiltonian ratchets.
Meot, F.; Paris, A.
1997-08-01T23:59:59.000Z
Effects of fringe fields in separation dipoles D1/D2 and low-{beta} quadrupoles Q1-Q3 of LHC interaction regions in collision optics are investigated by means of stepwise ray-tracing in terms of aberrations, beam envelopes and other detunings. Effects of the longitudinal distribution of b{sub 10} error coefficient are next investigated in a similar way for assessment and comparison.
Turro, Claudia
Excited State Dynamics of Two New Ru(II) Cyclometallated Dyes: Relation to Cells for Solar Energy, are reported. Related complexes have been used as efficient dyes in dye- sensitized solar cells (DSSCs of ruthenium dyes used in DSSCs to lower energies, it is evident from this work, that for cyclometallated phpy
Proton Dynamics in ZnO Nanorods Quantified by In Situ Solid-State 1H Nuclear Magnetic Resonance
Wang, Li Q.; Zhou, Xiao Dong; Exarhos, Gregory J.; Pederson, Larry R.; Wang, Chong M.; Windisch, Charles F.; Yao, Chunhua
2007-10-22T23:59:59.000Z
Zinc oxide (ZnO) adopts wurtzite structure and possesses a direct wide band gap (Eg ~ 3.3 eV at 300 K), similar to that of GaN (Eg ~ 3.4 eV at 300 K), which enables ZnO as an alternative candidate to replace GaN for use in optoelectronic devices. The present controversy is centered at the microscopic origin of the “native donors”, particularly after ab initio calculations by Van de Walle, which indicate that hydrogen is soluble in ZnO at the interstitial sites, effectively forming a donor level just below the conduction band in ZnO. Hence, the origin of n type conductivity in ZnO is proposed due to the presence of hydrogen. Electron paramagnetic resonance and spectroscopic observations of muons provide experimental evidence of hydrogen presence in ZnO. Whereas, Look et al. suggests that the complex of zinc interstitial and nitrogen defect is a stronger candidate for donor than hydrogen interstitials under N ambient. Hydrogen-oxygen complex is claimed to be stable even at T > 1000°C in the hydrothermally synthesized ZnO. Therefore, the thermodynamic nature of hydrogen characteristics remains controversial, particularly its role on resident defects. In this letter, in situ temperature dependent solid state 1H magic angle spinning (MAS) nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) spectroscopy is employed to probe the local chemical environments of hydrogen in ZnO nanorods. To best knowledge of ours, this is the first time that the presence of hydrogen, its concentration, and local transport dynamics are directly chemically determined. Moreover, in situ NMR allows a new approach to investigate the absorption and desorption of protons from different sites on the ZnO nanorods, thus study of site-specific proton dynamics in ZnO becomes feasible.
J. P. Wittmer; A. Cavallo; H. Xu; J. E. Zabel; P. Poli?ska; N. Schulmann; H. Meyer; J. Farago; A. Johner; S. P. Obukhov; J. Baschnagel
2011-07-22T23:59:59.000Z
It has been assumed until very recently that all long-range correlations are screened in three-dimensional melts of linear homopolymers on distances beyond the correlation length $\\xi$ characterizing the decay of the density fluctuations. Summarizing simulation results obtained by means of a variant of the bond-fluctuation model with finite monomer excluded volume interactions and topology violating local and global Monte Carlo moves, we show that due to an interplay of the chain connectivity and the incompressibility constraint, both static and dynamical correlations arise on distances $r \\gg \\xi$. These correlations are scale-free and, surprisingly, do not depend explicitly on the compressibility of the solution. Both monodisperse and (essentially) Flory-distributed equilibrium polymers are considered.
Ellison, Barney
13586 J. Phys. Chem. 1993, 97, 13586-13597 Butadiene. 3. Charge Distribution in Electronically' The vertical transition energies for butadiene have been calculated using the CIS/6-3 11(2+)G* theoretical polyenes, the electronicallyexcitedstatesof butadiene have received extensive experimental' and theoretical
Oladosu, Gbadebo A [ORNL] [ORNL; Kline, Keith L [ORNL] [ORNL
2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
The global indirect land use change (ILUC) implications of biofuel use in the United States of America (USA) from 2001 to 2010 are evaluated with a dynamic general equilibrium model. The effects of biofuels production on agricultural land area vary by year; from a net expansion of 0.17 ha per 1000 gallons produced (2002) to a net contraction of 0.13 ha per 1000 gallons (2018) in Case 1 of our simulation. In accordance with the general narrative about the implications of biofuel policy, agricultural land area increased in many regions of the world. However, oil-export dependent economies experienced agricultural land contraction because of reductions in their revenues. Reducing crude oil imports is a major goal of biofuel policy, but the land use change implications have received little attention in the literature. Simulations evaluating the effects of doubling supply elasticities for land and fossil resources show that these parameters can significantly influence the land use change estimates. Therefore, research that provides empirically-based and spatially-detailed agricultural land-supply curves and capability to project future fossil energy prices is critical for improving estimates of the effects of biofuel policy on land use.
Carpenter, M.A.; Farrar, J.M. [Department of Chemistry, University of Rochester, Rochester, New York 14627 (United States)] [Department of Chemistry, University of Rochester, Rochester, New York 14627 (United States)
1997-04-01T23:59:59.000Z
Energy and angular distributions for the hydrogen abstraction reaction O{sup {minus}}+CH{sub 4}{r_arrow}OH{sup {minus}}+CH{sub 3}, exothermic by 0.26 eV, and a prototype ionic pathway for methane oxidation in hydrocarbon flames have been studied in a crossed molecular beam experiment at collision energies of 0.34, 0.44, and 0.64 eV. At the two lower collision energies, two mechanisms contribute to the differential cross section: In the first, low impact parameter rebound collisions form sharply backward-scattered products, while in the second, larger impact parameter collisions produce a broad distribution of forward scattered products. We suggest that the first group of products is formed by collisions with hydrogen atoms oriented essentially along the relative velocity vector and proceeding through a near-collinear O{hor_ellipsis}H{hor_ellipsis}CH{sub 3} geometry, while the second group corresponds to collisions with one of the three off-axis hydrogens. The products are formed on average with 65{percent} of the total available energy in product internal excitation. The product kinetic energy distribution shows structure that correlates with excitation of the {nu}{sub 2} umbrella bending mode of CH{sub 3}. At the highest collision energy, the product angular distribution shifts entirely to the forward direction, suggesting that the low impact parameter collisions are no longer important in the reactive process. At this energy, the average product internal excitation corresponds to 59{percent} of the total available energy. The data suggest that the majority of product internal excitation resides in the {nu}{sub 2} umbrella bending mode of CH{sub 3}, with OH in its ground vibrational state. {copyright} {ital 1997 American Institute of Physics.}
Havlicek, Joebob
in the State of Oklahoma Robert C. Huck, Joseph P. Havlicek, James J. Sluss, Jr., and Alan R. Stevenson the Oklahoma Depart- ment of Transportation and the Oklahoma Highway Safety Office. R. Huck is with the University of Oklahoma, Telecommunications Inter- operability Lab, Tulsa, OK 74135, USA. rchuck@ou.edu J
The Microscopic Linear Dynamics
Penny, Will
The Microscopic Brain Will Penny Linear Dynamics Exponentials Matrix Exponential Eigendecomposition Dynamical Modes Nodes State Space Saddles Oscillations Spirals Centres Offsets Retinal Circuit Nullclines Stability Spiking Neurons Fitzhugh-Nagumo Nonlinear Dynamics Linearization Nonlinear Oscillation Excitable
Aldrich, Matthew (Matthew Henry)
2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
Energy conservation concerns will mandate near-future environments to regulate themselves to accommodate occupants' objectives and best tend to their comfort while minimizing energy consumption. Accordingly, smart energy ...
Offutt, Jeff
Abstract In only four or five years, the World Wide Web has changed from a static collection of HTML web pages to a dynamic engine that powers e-commerce, collaborative work, and distribution used to describe web software, we might easily forget to notice in how many ways it can be applied
The role of the energy gap in protein folding dynamics
Estelle Pitard; Henri Orland
1998-11-17T23:59:59.000Z
The dynamics of folding of proteins is studied by means of a phenomenological master equation. The energy distribution is taken as a truncated exponential for the misfolded states plus a native state sitting below the continuum. The influence of the gap on the folding dynamics is studied, for various models of the transition probabilities between the different states of the protein. We show that for certain models, the relaxation to the native state is accelerated by increasing the gap, whereas for others it is slowed down .
Jameel-Un Nabi
2012-03-21T23:59:59.000Z
This paper reports on the microscopic calculation of ground and excited states Gamow-Teller (GT) strength distributions, both in the electron capture and electron decay direction, for $^{54,55,56}$Fe. The associated electron and positron capture rates for these isotopes of iron are also calculated in stellar matter. These calculations were recently introduced and this paper is a follow-up which discusses in detail the GT strength distributions and stellar capture rates of key iron isotopes. The calculations are performed within the framework of the proton-neutron quasiparticle random phase approximation (pn-QRPA) theory. The pn-QRPA theory allows a microscopic \\textit{state-by-state} calculation of GT strength functions and stellar capture rates which greatly increases the reliability of the results. For the first time experimental deformation of nuclei are taken into account. In the core of massive stars isotopes of iron, $^{54,55,56}$Fe, are considered to be key players in decreasing the electron-to-baryon ratio ($Y_{e}$) mainly via electron capture on these nuclide. The structure of the presupernova star is altered both by the changes in $Y_{e}$ and the entropy of the core material. Results are encouraging and are compared against measurements (where possible) and other calculations. The calculated electron capture rates are in overall good agreement with the shell model results. During the presupernova evolution of massive stars, from oxygen shell burning stages till around end of convective core silicon burning, the calculated electron capture rates on $^{54}$Fe are around three times bigger than the corresponding shell model rates. The calculated positron capture rates, however, are suppressed by two to five orders of magnitude.
Excited-state dynamics of the Tm3+ ions and Tm3+ ~ Ho3+ energy transfers in LiYF4
Boyer, Edmond
1463 Excited-state dynamics of the Tm3+ ions and Tm3+ ~ Ho3+ energy transfers in LiYF4 A. Brenier considérant deux types de sites. Plus compliquée, la dynamique de fluorescence anti-Stokes est décrite désexcitation à l'intérieur d'un même centre Tm3 +, une relaxation croisée entre ions Tm3+ adjacents du type 3H4
Steady-State and Dynamic Modeling of Gas-Phase Polypropylene Processes Using Stirred-Bed Reactors
Liu, Y. A.
Engineering, Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University, Blacksburg, Virginia 24061 Ashuraj Sirohi
Hyperbolic Dynamics Todd Fisher
Fisher, Todd
Hyperbolic Dynamics Todd Fisher tfisher@math.umd.edu Department of Mathematics University of Maryland, College Park Hyperbolic Dynamics p. 1/3 #12;What is a dynamical system? Phase space X, elements possible states Hyperbolic Dynamics p. 2/3 #12;What is a dynamical system? Phase space X, elements
Moura, José
IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON SIGNAL PROCESSING, VOL. 56, NO. 10, OCTOBER 2008 4919 Distributing the Kalman Abstract--This paper presents a distributed Kalman filter to estimate the state of a sparsely connected, large-scale, -dimen- sional, dynamical system monitored by a network of sensors. Local Kalman filters
Chaudhry, Charu; Horwich, Arthur L.; Brunger, Axel T.; Adams, Paul D.
2004-08-12T23:59:59.000Z
Large rigid-body domain movements are critical to GroEL-mediated protein folding, especially apical domain elevation and twist associated with the formation of a folding chamber upon binding ATP and co-chaperonin GroES. Here, we have modeled the anisotropic displacements of GroEL domains from various crystallized states, unliganded GroEL, ATP?S-bound, ADP-AlFx/GroES-bound, and ADP/GroES bound, using translation-libration-screw (TLS) analysis. Remarkably, the TLS results show that the inherent motions of unliganded GroEL, a polypeptide-accepting state, are biased along the transition pathway that leads to the folding-active state. In the ADP-AlFx/GroES-bound folding-active state the dynamic modes of the apical domains become reoriented and coupled to the motions of bound GroES. The ADP/GroES complex exhibits these same motions, but they are increased in magnitude, potentially reflecting the decreased stability of the complex after nucleotide hydrolysis. Our results have allowed the visualization of the anisotropic molecular motions that link the static conformations previously observed by X-ray crystallography. Application of the same analyses to other macromolecules where rigid body motions occur may give insight into the large scale dynamics critical for function and thus has the potential to extend our fundamental understanding of molecular machines.
Fractal dynamics of earthquakes
Bak, P.; Chen, K. [Brookhaven National Lab., Upton, NY (United States). Dept. of Physics
1995-05-01T23:59:59.000Z
Many objects in nature, from mountain landscapes to electrical breakdown and turbulence, have a self-similar fractal spatial structure. It seems obvious that to understand the origin of self-similar structures, one must understand the nature of the dynamical processes that created them: temporal and spatial properties must necessarily be completely interwoven. This is particularly true for earthquakes, which have a variety of fractal aspects. The distribution of energy released during earthquakes is given by the Gutenberg-Richter power law. The distribution of epicenters appears to be fractal with dimension D {approx} 1--1.3. The number of after shocks decay as a function of time according to the Omori power law. There have been several attempts to explain the Gutenberg-Richter law by starting from a fractal distribution of faults or stresses. But this is a hen-and-egg approach: to explain the Gutenberg-Richter law, one assumes the existence of another power-law--the fractal distribution. The authors present results of a simple stick slip model of earthquakes, which evolves to a self-organized critical state. Emphasis is on demonstrating that empirical power laws for earthquakes indicate that the Earth`s crust is at the critical state, with no typical time, space, or energy scale. Of course the model is tremendously oversimplified; however in analogy with equilibrium phenomena they do not expect criticality to depend on details of the model (universality).
Dynamic distributions and changing copulas
Harvey, Andrew C
, the correlation is related to the quadrant association at #28; = 0:5 by the formula CQA(0:5; 0:5) = 0:5+ (1=#25;) arcsin #26;: Thus #26; = 0:75; corresponds to CQA(0:5; 0:5) = 0:77: Note that lower tail dependence is ( eCQA(#28; ; #28;)#0; 1 + 2#28;)=2#28; ; while...
Energy distributions from three-body decaying many-body resonances
R. Alvarez-Rodriguez; A. S. Jensen; D. V. Fedorov; H. O. U. Fynbo; E. Garrido
2007-07-01T23:59:59.000Z
We compute energy distributions of three particles emerging from decaying many-body resonances. We reproduce the measured energy distributions from decays of two archetypal states chosen as the lowest $0^{+}$ and $1^{+}$-resonances in $^{12}$C populated in $\\beta$-decays. These states are dominated by sequential, through the $^{8}$Be ground state, and direct decays, respectively. These decay mechanisms are reflected in the ``dynamic'' evolution from small, cluster or shell-model states, to large distances, where the coordinate or momentum space continuum wavefunctions are accurately computed.
Superthermal electron distribution measurements from polarized electron cyclotron emission
Luce, T.C.; Efthimion, P.C.; Fisch, N.J.
1988-06-01T23:59:59.000Z
Measurements of the superthermal electron distribution can be made by observing the polarized electron cyclotron emission. The emission is viewed along a constant magnetic field surface. This simplifies the resonance condition and gives a direct correlation between emission frequency and kinetic energy of the emitting electron. A transformation technique is formulated which determines the anisotropy of the distribution and number density of superthermals at each energy measured. The steady-state distribution during lower hybrid current drive and examples of the superthermal dynamics as the runaway conditions is varied are presented for discharges in the PLT tokamak. 15 refs., 8 figs.
Dynamical heterogeneities in an attraction driven colloidal glass
Antonio M. Puertas; Matthias Fuchs; Michael E. Cates
2006-01-16T23:59:59.000Z
The dynamical heterogeneities (DH) in non-ergodic states of an attractive colloidal glass are studied, as a function of the waiting time. Whereas the fluid states close to vitrify showed strong DH, the distribution of squared displacements of the glassy states studied here only present a tail of particles with increased mobility for the lower attraction strength at short waiting times. These particles are in the surface of the percolating cluster that comprises all of the particles, reminiscent of the fastest particles in the fluid. The quench deeper into the attractive glass is dynamically more homogeneous, in agreement with repulsive glasses (i.e. Lennard-Jones glass).
Snyder, Jared; Binder, Jonathan
2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
a productive national climate change program that implementsnership needed to address climate change the United States.Strategy to Combat Climate Change Jared Snyder* and Jonathan
Dynamic diagnostic and decision procedures under uncertainty
Baranov, V.V.
1995-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
In this paper, we consider uncertainty that arises when the true state x {element_of} E is not accessible to direct observation and remains unknown. Instead, we observe some features {theta} {element_of} {Theta} that carry a certain information about the true state. This information is described by the conditional distribution P({Theta}{vert_bar}E), which we call the linkage distribution. Regarding this distribution we assume that it exists but is unknown. This leads to uncertainty with respect to states from E and the linkage distribution P({Theta}{vert_bar}E), which we denote by NEP. The substantive problem can be stated as follows: from observations of the features {theta}{element_of}{Theta} made at each time instant n = 1,2,...,recognize the state x {element_of} E, identify the linkage distribution P, and use the results of recognition and identification to choose a decision y {element_of} Y so that the decision process is optimal in some sense. State recognition is the subject of diagnostics. The uncertainty NEP thus generates a problem of diagnostics and dynamic decision making.
Vasquez, Juan Carlos
consensus algorithm based distributed global efficiency optimization of a droop controlled dc microgrid Distributed Global Efficiency Optimization of a Droop Controlled DC Microgrid Lexuan Meng, Tomislav Dragicevic for transferring power from external grid to a DC microgrid. Droop control is used for the distributed load sharing
Xuanchun Dong
2011-09-04T23:59:59.000Z
In a recent paper we proposed and compared various approaches to compute the ground state and dynamics of the Schr\\"{o}dinger--Poisson--Slater (SPS) system for general external potential and initial condition, concluding that the methods based on sine pseudospectral discretization in space are the best candidates. This note is concerned with the case that the external potential and initial condition are spherically symmetric. For the SPS system with spherical symmetry, via applying a proper change of variables into the reduced quasi-1D model we simplify the methods proposed for the general 3D case such that both the memory and computational load are significantly reduced.
Studies of Structure and Dynamics of Light Harvesting Complex 1 of R. Sphaeroides by Solid State NMR
McDermott, Ann E [Columbia University
2014-11-14T23:59:59.000Z
Studies of the structure and dynamics of a light harvesting complex from photosynthetic bacteria are described. Using Nuclear Magnetic Resonance methods, we explored the idea that optical properties are modulated via a conformational switch in the BChl chromophores, in a way that provides benefits for the efficiency of energy conversion.
Schofield, Jeremy
in the article. Reuse of AIP content is subject to the terms at: http of a stochastic model of the dynamics of bond formation. Finally, the Markov model is studied by analyzing profile as the temperature is lowered can be understood in terms of the number of relaxation modes
Modeling Combined Time-and Event-Driven Dynamic Systems
Baclawski, Kenneth B.
such as logistical systems, distributed sensor sys- tems and intelligent highway vehicle systems, are complex dynamic. In this approach, future behaviors are generated through quantitative simulation which "executes" a simulation model, typically at fixed time steps, to obtain quantitative values of state and/or output variables. 1
Pace, Michael L.
uplands (Figure 2; Porter, 2007). For shallow-water soft-sediment coastal systems, positive feedbacks. 2013. Nonlinear dynamics and alternative stable states in shallow coastal systems. Oceanography 26 and alternative Stable States in Shallow coastal Systems By K a r e N J . m c g l at h e ry, m at t h e w a . r e
Snyder, Jared; Binder, Jonathan
2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
the allowances to the New York State Energy Research andVol. 27:231 of New York's renewable energy task force. In19. See Energy Conservation Construction Code of New York
Yuan, Jinchao
2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
In this study, we investigated the multiple steady state behavior, an important observation in numerical and experimental studies in natural ventilation systems. The-oretical models are developed and their applications in ...
Chen, Songqing
this problem. We propose a software method incorporating with dynamic load sharing, which adaptively reserves the adaptive software method in a dynamic load sharing system. We show the adaptive process causes little the blocking problem is high, and the existing load sharing schemes are unable to effectively han- dle
Adaptive Cruise Control: Hybrid, Distributed, and Now Formally Verified
is that faithful models of distributed car control have both distributed systems and hybrid systems dynamics dynamics. Distributed car control follows a hybrid dynamics, because cars move continuously alongAdaptive Cruise Control: Hybrid, Distributed, and Now Formally Verified Sarah M. Loos, Andr
Transition dynamics for Mu acceptor states in Si{sub 1–x}Ge{sub x} alloys
Jayarathna, G.; Lichti, R. L.; Mengyan, P. W.; Baker, B. B. [Texas Tech University, Lubbock, TX 79409-1051 (United States); Celebi, Y. G. [Istanbul University, Istanbul (Turkey); Carroll, B. R. [Arkansas State University, Jonesboro, AR 72410 (United States); Yonenaga, I. [Institute of Materials Research, Tohoku University (Japan)
2014-02-21T23:59:59.000Z
We use the longitudinal field muon spin relaxation technique to observe charge-state and site-change transitions of muonium in Si{sub 1–x}Ge{sub x} alloys. In this project, we examine the temperature and magnetic field dependences of the relaxation rates for Si{sub 1–x}Ge{sub x} samples (x = 0.77, 0.81, and 0.84), in the composition range where the acceptor level lies within the band gap. This study particularly focuses on the relaxation rates for Si{sub 0.19}Ge{sub 0.81} to identify various cyclic charge-state and site-change processes as a function of both temperature and magnetic field. We extract the paramagnetic hyperfine constant and the relevant transition rate parameters for site changes and charge-state transitions involving Mu acceptor states for this sample. At small x, a site change dominates the transition out of the neutral T-site acceptor state, while in higher Ge content alloys hole ionization becomes the dominant transition out of the Mu{sub T}{sup 0}.
Guo, Jing; Liu, Xue-Shen; Chu, Shih-I
2010-08-03T23:59:59.000Z
distribution, as the initial states of the quantum time-dependent Schr¨odinger equations. The CCS trajectories move over averaged potentials, which can remove the Columbic singularities exactly. The low-energy structure is predicted by our CCS calculation and a...
North, Simon W.
branching ratios and spatial anisotropy of each dissociation channel permitted the extraction of relative) products,15 is crossed by 17 electronic states correlating to Cl(2 PJ) þ O(3 PJ) products. Several theoretical studies have attempted to elucidate the nature of the predissociation mechanism, i.e. determining
Collective motion in a Hamiltonian dynamical system
Hidetoshi Morita; Kunihiko Kaneko
2005-06-11T23:59:59.000Z
Oscillation of macroscopic variables is discovered in a metastable state in the Hamiltonian dynamical system of mean field XY model, the duration of which is divergent with the system size. This long-lasting periodic or quasiperiodic collective motion appears through Hopf bifurcation, which is a typical route in low-dimensional dissipative dynamical systems. The origin of the oscillation is explained, with self-consistent analysis of the distribution function, as the emergence of self-excited ``swings'' through the mean-field. The universality of the phenomena is also discussed.
Distributed Energy Alternatives to Electrical
Pennycook, Steve
Distributed Energy Alternatives to Electrical Distribution Grid Expansion in Consolidated Edison.www.gastechnology.org 2 #12;Distributed Energy Alternatives to Electrical Distribution Grid Expansion in Consolidated-Battelle for the Department of Energy Subcontract Number: 4000052360 GTI Project Number: 20441 New York State Energy Research
FRIB cryogenic distribution system
Ganni, V.; Dixon, K.; Laverdure, N.; Knudsen, P.; Arenius, D. [Thomas Jefferson National Accelerator Facility (JLab), Newport News, VA 23606 (United States); Barrios, M.; Jones, S.; Johnson, M.; Casagrande, F. [Facility for Rare Isotope Beams (FRIB), Michigan State University, East Lansing, MI 48824 (United States)
2014-01-29T23:59:59.000Z
The Michigan State University Facility for Rare Isotope Beams (MSU-FRIB) helium distribution system has been revised to include bayonet/warm valve type disconnects between each cryomodule and the transfer line distribution system, similar to the Thomas Jefferson National Accelerator Facility (JLab) and the Spallation Neutron Source (SNS) cryogenic distribution systems. The heat loads at various temperature levels and some of the features in the design of the distribution system are outlined. The present status, the plans for fabrication, and the procurement approach for the helium distribution system are also included.
FRIB cryogenic distribution system
Ganni, Venkatarao [JLAB; Dixon, Kelly D. [JLAB; Laverdure, Nathaniel A. [JLAB; Knudsen, Peter N. [JLAB; Arenius, Dana M. [JLAB; Barrios, Matthew N. [Michigan State; Jones, S. [Michigan State; Johnson, M. [Michigan State; Casagrande, Fabio [Michigan State
2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
The Michigan State University Facility for Rare Isotope Beams (MSU-FRIB) helium distribution system has been revised to include bayonet/warm valve type disconnects between each cryomodule and the transfer line distribution system, similar to the Thomas Jefferson National Accelerator Facility (JLab) and the Spallation Neutron Source (SNS) cryogenic distribution systems. The heat loads at various temperature levels and some of the features in the design of the distribution system are outlined. The present status, the plans for fabrication, and the procurement approach for the helium distribution system are also included.
Sharma, Veerendra K [ORNL; Mamontov, Eugene [ORNL; Anunciado, Divina B [ORNL; O'Neill, Hugh Michael [ORNL; Urban, Volker S [ORNL
2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
Antimicrobial peptides are universal in all forms of life and are well known for their strong interaction with the cell membrane. This makes them a popular target for investigation of peptide-lipid interactions. Here we report the effect of melittin, an important antimicrobial peptide, on the dynamics of membranes based on 1,2-dimyristoyl-sn-glycero-3-phosphocholine (DMPC) lipid in both the solid gel and fluid phases. To probe the phase transition, elastic neutron intensity temperature scans have been carried out on DMPC-based unilamellar vesicles (ULV) with and without melittin. We have found that addition of a small amount (0.2 mol%) melittin eliminates the steep fall in the elastic intensity at 296 K associated with the solid gel to fluid phase transition, which is observed for pure DMPC vesicles. Quasielastic neutron scattering (QENS) experiments have been carried out on DMPC ULV in the solid gel and fluid phases with and without 0.2 mol % melittin. The data analysis invariably shows the presence of lateral and internal motions of the DMPC molecule. We found that melittin does have a profound effect on the dynamics of lipid molecules, especially on the lateral motion, and affects it in a different way, depending on the phase of the bilayers. In the solid gel phase, it acts as a plasticizer, enhancing the lateral motion of DMPC. However, in the fluid phase it acts as a stiffening agent, restricting the lateral motion of the lipid molecules. These observations are consistent with the mean squared displacements extracted from the elastic intensity temperature scans. Cholesterol is a vital component of eukaryotic membrane, which is a natural target for melittin. To investigate the effect of melittin on vesicles supplemented with cholesterol, QENS experiments have also been carried out on DMPC ULV with 20 mol% cholesterol in the presence and absence of 0.2 mol% melittin. Remarkably, the effects of melittin on the membrane dynamics disappear in the presence of 20 mol % cholesterol. Thus, our measurements indicate that the destabilizing effect of the peptide melittin on membranes can be mitigated by the presence of cholesterol.
Not Available
1993-08-01T23:59:59.000Z
Reports in this Record of Proceedings explore a wide variety of issues related to the regulation of natural gas and its future role as one of the critical fuels that powers the economy of the United States. The focus is mainly on problems, obstacles, barriers, and the incredibly complex system created to bring a fuel from wellhead to burner tip. Individual papers have been cataloged separately.
Local Soot Loading Distribution in Cordierite Diesel Particulate...
Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site
Local Soot Loading Distribution in Cordierite Diesel Particulate Filters by Dynamic Neutron Radiography Local Soot Loading Distribution in Cordierite Diesel Particulate Filters by...
Measurement of the phase diffusion dynamics in the micromaser
Casagrande, Federico; Lulli, A; Bonifacio, R; Solano, E; Walther, H
2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
We propose a realistic scheme for measuring the micromaser linewidth by monitoring the phase diffusion dynamics of the cavity field. Our strategy consists in exciting an initial coherent state with the same photon number distribution as the micromaser steady-state field, singling out a purely diffusive process in the system dynamics. After the injection of a counter-field, measurements of the population statistics of a probe atom allow us to derive the micromaser linewidth. Our proposal aims at solving a classic and relevant decoherence problem in cavity quantum electrodynamics, allowing to establish experimentally the distinctive features appearing in the micromaser spectrum due to the discreteness of the electromagnetic field.
Measurement of the phase diffusion dynamics in the micromaser
F. Casagrande; A. Ferraro; A. Lulli; R. Bonifacio; E. Solano; H. Walther
2002-08-05T23:59:59.000Z
We propose a realistic scheme for measuring the micromaser linewidth by monitoring the phase diffusion dynamics of the cavity field. Our strategy consists in exciting an initial coherent state with the same photon number distribution as the micromaser steady-state field, singling out a purely diffusive process in the system dynamics. After the injection of a counter-field, measurements of the population statistics of a probe atom allow us to derive the micromaser linewidth. Our proposal aims at solving a classic and relevant decoherence problem in cavity quantum electrodynamics, allowing to establish experimentally the distinctive features appearing in the micromaser spectrum due to the discreteness of the electromagnetic field.
Optimal steering of a linear stochastic system to a final probability distribution, part II
Yongxin Chen; Tryphon Georgiou; Michele Pavon
2014-10-13T23:59:59.000Z
We consider the problem of minimum energy steering of a linear stochastic system to a final prescribed distribution over a finite horizon and to maintain a stationary distribution over an infinite horizon. We present sufficient conditions for optimality in terms of a system of dynamically coupled Riccati equations in the finite horizon case and algebraic in the stationary case. We then address the question of feasibility for both problems. For the finite-horizon case, provided the system is controllable, we prove that without any restriction on the directionality of the stochastic disturbance it is always possible to steer the state to any arbitrary Gaussian distribution over any specified finite time-interval. For the stationary infinite horizon case, it is not always possible to maintain the state at an arbitrary Gaussian distribution through constant state-feedback. It is shown that covariances of admissible stationary Gaussian distributions are characterized by a certain Lyapunov-like equation. We finally present an alternative to solving the system of coupled Riccati equations, by expressing the optimal controls in the form of solutions to (convex) semi-definite programs for both cases. We conclude with an example to steer the state covariance of the distribution of inertial particles to an admissible stationary Gaussian distribution over a finite interval, to be maintained at that stationary distribution thereafter by constant-gain state-feedback control.
DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)
Ko Kyaw, Aung Ko; Gehrig, Dominik; Zhang, Jie; Huang, Ye; Bazan, Guillermo C.; Laquai, Frédéric; Nguyen, Thuc -Quyen
2014-11-27T23:59:59.000Z
The photovoltaic performance of bulk heterojunction solar cells using the solution-processable small molecule donor 7,7'-(4,4-bis(2-ethylhexyl)-4H-silolo[3,2-b:4,5-b']dithiophene-2,6-diyl)bis(6-fluoro-4-(5'-hexyl-[2,2'-bithiophene]-5-yl)benzo[c][1,2,5]thiadiazole) (p-DTS(FBTTh2)2 in combination with indene-C60 bis-adduct (ICBA) as an acceptor is systematically optimized by altering the processing conditions. A high open-circuit voltage of 1 V, more than 0.2 V higher than that of a p-DTS(FBTTh2)2:PC70BM blend, is achieved. However, the power conversion efficiency remains around 5% and thus is lower than ~8% previously reported for p-DTS(FBTTh2)2:PC70BM. Transient absorption (TA) pump–probe spectroscopy over a wide spectral (Vis-NIR) and dynamic (fs to ?s) range in combination with multivariate curve resolution analysis of the TA data reveals thatmore »generation of free charges is more efficient in the blend with PC70BM as an acceptor. In contrast, blends with ICBA create more coulombically bound interfacial charge transfer (CT) states, which recombine on the sub-nanosecond timescale by geminate recombination. Furthermore, the ns to ?s charge carrier dynamics in p-DTS(FBTTh2)2:ICBA blends are only weakly intensity dependent implying a significant contribution of recombination from long-lived CT states and trapped charges, while those in p-DTS(FBTTh2)2:PC70BM decay via an intensity-dependent recombination mechanism indicating that spatially separated (free) charge carriers are observed, which can be extracted as photocurrent from the device.« less
Distributed Road Grade Estimation
Johansson, Karl Henrik
Distributed Road Grade Estimation for Heavy Duty Vehicles PER SAH LHOLM Doctoral Thesis in Automatic Control Stockholm, Sweden 2011 #12;Distributed Road Grade Estimation for Heavy Duty Vehicles PER state-of-charge control decrease the energy consumption of vehicles and increase the safety
Major, III, Walter; Grassley, James M.; Ryding, Kristen E. (University of Washington, Quantitive Ecology Program, Seattle, WA)
2003-05-01T23:59:59.000Z
This report is divided into two chapters. The abstract for chapter one is--Understanding of the abundance and spatial and temporal distributions of piscivorous birds and their potential consumption of fish is an increasingly important aspect of fisheries management. During 1999-2002, we determined the abundance and distribution and estimated the maximum consumption (kg biomass) of fish-eating birds along the length of the Yakima River in Washington State. Sixteen different species were observed during the 4-yr study, but only half of those were observed during all years. Abundance and estimated consumption of fish within the upper and middle sections of the river were dominated by common mergansers (Mergus merganser) which are known to breed in those reaches. Common mergansers accounted for 78 to 94% of the estimated total fish take for the upper river or approximately 28,383 {+-} 1,041 kg over the 4 yrs. A greater diversity of avian piscivores occurred in the lower river and potential impacts to fish populations was more evenly distributed among the species. In 1999-2000, great blue herons potentially accounted for 29 and 36% of the fish consumed, whereas in 2001-2002 American white pelicans accounted for 53 and 55%. We estimated that approximately 75,878 {+-} 6,616 kg of fish were consumed by piscivorous birds in the lower sections of the river during the study. Bird assemblages differed spatially along the river with a greater abundance of colonial nesting species within the lower sections of the river, especially during spring and the nesting season. The abundance of avian piscivores and consumption estimates are discussed within the context of salmonid supplementation efforts on the river and juvenile out-migration. The abstract for chapter two is--Consumption of fish by piscivorous birds may be a significant constraint on efforts to enhance salmonid populations within tributaries to the Columbia River in Washington State. During 1999-2002, we determined the abundance of fish-eating birds, primarily ring-billed (Larus delawarensis) and California (L. californicus) gulls and monitored their behavior at two man-made structures within the Yakima River in eastern Washington: Horn Rapids Dam, a low-head irrigation dam, and the return pipe for the Chandler Juvenile Fish Handling Facility. Earlier observations of congregations of gulls at these structures suggested an increased likelihood of predation of out-migrating juvenile salmonids. We estimated the number of fish consumed and examined the relationship between river flow and gull numbers and fish taken. Numbers of gulls at the structures varied daily between their arrival in Late March-early April and departure in late June (mean ({+-}SE) - Horn Rapids: 11.7 ({+-}2.0), Chandler: 20.1 ({+-}1.5) ). During the 4-yr study, numbers at Horn Rapids peaked dramatically during the last 2 weeks in May (between 132.9 ({+-}4.2) to 36.6 ({+-}2.2) gulls/day) and appeared to the associated with the release of > 1-mil hatchery juvenile fall chinook (Oncorhynchus tshawytscha) above the 2 study sites. A comparable peak in gull abundance was not observed at Chandler. Diurnal patterns of gull abundance also varied among years and sites. The relationship between foraging efficiency and gull numbers was not consistent among years or sites. Gull numbers were not correlated with river flow when year was considered. However, variations in flow among years appeared to be associated with average gull numbers at each site, but trends were not consistent between sites. Low seasonal flows were associated with increased predation at Chandler, whereas high seasonal flows were associated with increased predation at Horn Rapids. Assuming all fish taken were salmonids, we estimate gulls consumed between 0.1-10.3 % of the juvenile salmonids passing or being released from the Chandler Juvenile Fish Monitoring Facility located above the two structures. Staggered releases of hatchery fish, nocturnal releases of fish entrained in the Chandler facility, changes in the orientation of the outflow from the f
Mabuchi, Takuya, E-mail: mabuchi@nanoint.ifs.tohoku.ac.jp [Graduate School of Engineering, Tohoku University, Sendai, Miyagi 980-8577 (Japan); Tokumasu, Takashi [Institute of Fluid Science, Tohoku University, Sendai, Miyagi 980-8577 (Japan)
2014-09-14T23:59:59.000Z
We have performed a detailed analysis of the structural properties of the sulfonate groups in terms of isolated and overlapped solvation shells in the nanostructure of hydrated Nafion membrane using classical molecular dynamics simulations. Our simulations have demonstrated the correlation between the two different areas in bound water region, i.e., the first solvation shell, and the vehicular transport of hydronium ions at different water contents. We have employed a model of the Nafion membrane using the improved force field, which is newly modified and validated by comparing the density and water diffusivity with those obtained experimentally. The first solvation shells were classified into the two types, the isolated area and the overlapped area. The mean residence times of solvent molecules explicitly showed the different behaviors in each of those areas in terms of the vehicular transport of protons: the diffusivity of classical hydronium ions in the overlapped area dominates their total diffusion at lower water contents while that in the isolated area dominates for their diffusion at higher water contents. The results provided insights into the importance role of those areas in the solvation shells for the diffusivity of vehicular transport of hydronium ions in hydrated Nafion membrane.
Gobet, Mallory [Hunter College of the City University of New York] [Hunter College of the City University of New York; Greenbaum, Steve [Hunter College of the City University of New York] [Hunter College of the City University of New York; Sahu, Gayatri [ORNL] [ORNL; Liang, Chengdu [ORNL] [ORNL
2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
The ceramic lithium ion conductor -Li3PS4 has a disordered and nanoporous structure that leads to an enhancement in ionic conductivity by some three orders of magnitude compared to the crystalline phase. The phase is prepared by thermal treatment of an inorganic-organic complex based on Li3PS4 and THF. Multinuclear (1H, 6,7Li, 31P) solid state NMR spectroscopy is used to characterize the structural phase evolution of the starting material at various steps in the thermal treatment. The phase formed after high temperature treatment is recognized as spectroscopically distinct from the bulk -Li3PS4 compound. Also formed is an amorphous lithium thiophosphate phase that is metastable as verified by annealing over an extended period. Lithium ion self-diffusion coefficients are measurable by standard pulsed gradient NMR methods at 100oC and with values consistent with the high ionic conductivity previously reported for this material.
Chen, Min; Zhuang, Qianlai; Cook, D.; Coulter, Richard L.; Pekour, Mikhail S.; Scott, Russell L.; Munger, J. W.; Bible, Ken
2011-08-31T23:59:59.000Z
Satellite remote sensing provides continuous temporal and spatial information of terrestrial ecosystems. Using these remote sensing data and eddy flux measurements and biogeochemical models, such as the Terrestrial Ecosystem Model (TEM), should provide a more adequate quantification of carbon dynamics of terrestrial ecosystems. Here we use Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer (MODIS) Enhanced Vegetation Index (EVI), Land Surface Water Index (LSWI) and carbon flux data of AmeriFlux to conduct such a study. We first modify the gross primary production (GPP) modeling in TEM by incorporating EVI and LSWI to account for the effects of the changes of canopy photosynthetic capacity, phenology and water stress. Second, we parameterize and verify the new version of TEM with eddy flux data. We then apply the model to the conterminous United States over the period 2000-2005 at a 0.05-0.05 spatial resolution. We find that the new version of TEM made improvement over the previous version and generally captured the expected temporal and spatial patterns of regional carbon dynamics. We estimate that regional GPP is between 7.02 and 7.78 PgC yr{sup -1} and net primary production (NPP) ranges from 3.81 to 4.38 Pg Cyr{sup -1} and net ecosystem production (NEP) varies within 0.08- 0.73 PgC yr{sup -1} over the period 2000-2005 for the conterminous United States. The uncertainty due to parameterization is 0.34, 0.65 and 0.18 PgC yr{sup -1} for the regional estimates of GPP, NPP and NEP, respectively. The effects of extreme climate and disturbances such as severe drought in 2002 and destructive Hurricane Katrina in 2005 were captured by the model. Our study provides a new independent and more adequate measure of carbon fluxes for the conterminous United States, which will benefit studies of carbon-climate feedback and facilitate policy-making of carbon management and climate.
Chen, Min; Zhuang, Qianlai; Cook, David R.; Coulter, Richard L.; Pekour, Mikhail S.; Scott, Russell L.; Munger, J. W.; Bible, Ken
2011-09-21T23:59:59.000Z
Satellite remote sensing provides continuous temporal and spatial information of terrestrial 24 ecosystems. Using these remote sensing data and eddy flux measurements and biogeochemical 25 models, such as the Terrestrial Ecosystem Model (TEM), should provide a more adequate 26 quantification of carbon dynamics of terrestrial ecosystems. Here we use Moderate Resolution 27 Imaging Spectroradiometer (MODIS) Enhanced Vegetation Index (EVI), Land Surface Water Index 28 (LSWI) and carbon flux data of AmeriFlux to conduct such a study. We first modify the gross primary 29 production (GPP) modeling in TEM by incorporating EVI and LSWI to account for the effects of the 30 changes of canopy photosynthetic capacity, phenology and water stress. Second, we parameterize and 31 verify the new version of TEM with eddy flux data. We then apply the model to the conterminous 32 United States over the period 2000-2005 at a 0.05o ×0.05o spatial resolution. We find that the new 33 version of TEM generally captured the expected temporal and spatial patterns of regional carbon 34 dynamics. We estimate that regional GPP is between 7.02 and 7.78 Pg C yr-1 and net primary 35 production (NPP) ranges from 3.81 to 4.38 Pg C yr-1 and net ecosystem production (NEP) varies 36 within 0.08-0.73 Pg C yr-1 over the period 2000-2005 for the conterminous United States. The 37 uncertainty due to parameterization is 0.34, 0.65 and 0.18 Pg C yr-1 for the regional estimates of GPP, 38 NPP and NEP, respectively. The effects of extreme climate and disturbances such as severe drought in 39 2002 and destructive Hurricane Katrina in 2005 were captured by the model. Our study provides a 40 new independent and more adequate measure of carbon fluxes for the conterminous United States, 41 which will benefit studies of carbon-climate feedback and facilitate policy-making of carbon 42 management and climate.
Schenato, Luca
Networked Control Systems Clock Sync Channel identification in WSN Distributed control of Smart. Sandro Zampieri #12;Networked Control Systems Clock Sync Channel identification in WSN Distributed Systems Clock Sync Channel identification in WSN Distributed control of Smart Grids Conclusions Issues
Eduardo del Pozo Garcia
2015-02-25T23:59:59.000Z
An Alternative to explain the origin of matter-background connections from the paper "Do Cosmic Backgrounds Cyclical Renew by Matter and Quanta Emissions?..." proposed: A sequence of discontinuous small changes of light speed in time as the cause, which provoke that criticality processes take place every 26-30 million years. Then, matter particles and quanta reach at one threshold value, and are compelled to reorganize their internal energy and make emissions that later becomes in current cosmic backgrounds. The small discontinues relative decreasing of c of about 10 -5) should do some small effects on planet and living bodies. Cyclic small reorganization of matter particles is consider as the astrophysical origin of Earth cyclic catastrophes. And at space global distribution: quantized redshift, change of galaxy fractal distribution at 10 Mpc scale, galaxy average luminosity and the luminosity fluctuation of galaxy pairs are enhanced out to separations near 10 Mpc. Also proposed: Like the Universe is observed flat in distance and time, the gravitational constant G might decrease with time, which may originate the Earth orbit eccentricity cycle of 100000 yr and, provoke the former mentioned sequence of c decrease in time. And, every 6 million years, the accumulation of G relative decrease of about 10-5 in G compelled space-time to reach at one threshold value that, trigger small relative decrease of light speed c of about 10-5 cyclically. This is interpreted as the Universe has two dynamical phases following one each other cyclically with intervals of 26-30 million years respectively: One of about 0.1 million years, called "activation phase", at which the critical processes take place, follows by longer "inhibition phase". The present approach indicates the existence of a subtle non linear dynamics, which could also contribute to the origin of galaxy fractal distribution.
Probing the Dynamics of a Protein Hydrophobic Core by Deutron...
Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)
Dynamics of a Protein Hydrophobic Core by Deutron Solid-State Nuclear Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy . Probing the Dynamics of a Protein Hydrophobic Core by Deutron Solid-State...
randomly and equally likely a point in that interval), the uniform distribution ... Roughly speaking, this means that from any distribution we can create the uniform.
) and a 0.25 mm nozzle throat diameter also show cooling in both vibrational and rotational modes. A search have become intrigued by the dynamics of formation of these molecules. There have been many studies these experimental studies found cool- ing of the nozzle-beam molecules. However, interest in this subject has been
Non-equilibrium evolution of a `Tsunami': Dynamical Symmetry Breaking
Daniel Boyanovsky; Hector J. de Vega; Richard Holman; S. Prem Kumar; Robert D. Pisarski
1997-11-06T23:59:59.000Z
We propose to study the non-equilibrium features of heavy-ion collisions by following the evolution of an initial state with a large number of quanta with a distribution around a momentum |\\vec k_0| corresponding to a thin spherical shell in momentum space, a `tsunami'. An O(N); ({\\vec \\Phi}^2)^2 model field theory in the large N limit is used as a framework to study the non-perturbative aspects of the non-equilibrium dynamics including a resummation of the effects of the medium (the initial particle distribution). In a theory where the symmetry is spontaneously broken in the absence of the medium, when the initial number of particles per correlation volume is chosen to be larger than a critical value the medium effects can restore the symmetry of the initial state. We show that if one begins with such a symmetry-restored, non-thermal, initial state, non-perturbative effects automatically induce spinodal instabilities leading to a dynamical breaking of the symmetry. As a result there is explosive particle production and a redistribution of the particles towards low momentum due to the nonlinearity of the dynamics. The asymptotic behavior displays the onset of Bose condensation of pions and the equation of state at long times is that of an ultrarelativistic gas although the momentum distribution is non-thermal.
DISTRIBUTED SHORTESTPATH PROTOCOLS TIMEDEPENDENT NETWORKS
Orda, Ariel
DISTRIBUTED SHORTESTPATH PROTOCOLS for TIMEDEPENDENT NETWORKS Ariel Orda Raphael Rom+ Department and the dynamic behavior of networks, since a distributed solution enables constant tracking of changes 32000 October 1992 Revised May 1994, October 1995 ABSTRACT This paper addresses algorithms for networks
Exact decoherence dynamics of $1/f$ noise
Md. Manirul Ali; Ping-Yuan Lo; Wei-Min Zhang
2014-10-06T23:59:59.000Z
In this paper, we investigate the exact decoherence dynamics of a superconducting resonator coupled to an electromagnetic reservoir characterized by the $1/f$ noise at finite temperature, where a full quantum description of the environment with $1/f^{x}$ noise (with $x \\approx 1$) is presented. The exact master equation and the associated non-equilibrium Green's functions are solved exactly for such an open system. We show a clear signal of non-Markovian dynamics induced purely by $1/f$ noise. Our analysis is also applicable to another nano/micro mechanical oscillators. Finally, we demonstrate the non-Markovian decoherence dynamics of photon number superposition states using Wigner distribution that could be measured in experiments.
Coherent control of plasma dynamics
He, Z -H; Lebailly, V; Nees, J A; Krushelnick, K; Thomas, A G R
2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
Coherent control of a system involves steering an interaction to a final coherent state by controlling the phase of an applied field. Plasmas support coherent wave structures that can be generated by intense laser fields. Here, we demonstrate the coherent control of plasma dynamics in a laser wakefield electron acceleration experiment. A genetic algorithm is implemented using a deformable mirror with the electron beam signal as feedback, which allows a heuristic search for the optimal wavefront under laser-plasma conditions that is not known a priori. We are able to improve both the electron beam charge and angular distribution by an order of magnitude. These improvements do not simply correlate with having the `best' focal spot, since the highest quality vacuum focal spot produces a greatly inferior electron beam, but instead correspond to the particular laser phase that steers the plasma wave to a final state with optimal accelerating fields.
Chemical structure and dynamics: Annual report 1996
Colson, S.D.; McDowell, R.S.
1997-03-01T23:59:59.000Z
The Chemical Structure and Dynamics (CS&D) program is a major component of the William R. Wiley Environmental Molecular Sciences Laboratory (EMSL) developed by Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL) to provide a state-of-the-art collaborative facility for studies of chemical structure and dynamics. We respond to the need for a fundamental, molecular-level understanding of chemistry at a wide variety of environmentally important interfaces by (1) extending the experimental characterization and theoretical description of chemical reactions to encompass the effects of condensed media and interfaces; (2) developing a multidisciplinary capability for describing interfacial chemical processes within which the new knowledge generated can be brought to bear on complex phenomena in environmental chemistry and in nuclear waste processing and storage; and (3) developing state-of-the-art analytical methods for characterizing waste tanks and pollutant distributions, and for detecting and monitoring trace atmospheric species.
Software-Based Challenges of Developing the Future Distribution Grid
Stewart, Emma; Kiliccote, Sila; McParland, Charles
2014-06-01T23:59:59.000Z
The software that the utility industry currently uses may be insufficient to analyze the distribution grid as it rapidly modernizes to include active resources such as distributed generation, switch and voltage control, automation, and increasingly complex loads. Although planners and operators have traditionally viewed the distribution grid as a passive load, utilities and consultants increasingly need enhanced analysis that incorporates active distribution grid loads in order to ensure grid reliability. Numerous commercial and open-source tools are available for analyzing distribution grid systems. These tools vary in complexity from providing basic load-flow and capacity analysis under steady-state conditions to time-series analysis and even geographical representations of dynamic and transient events. The need for each type of analysis is not well understood in the industry, nor are the reasons that distribution analysis requires different techniques and tools both from those now available and from those used for transmission analysis. In addition, there is limited understanding of basic capability of the tools and how they should be practically applied to the evolving distribution system. The study reviews the features and state of the art capability of current tools, including usability and visualization, basic analysis functionality, advanced analysis including inverters, and renewable generation and load modeling. We also discuss the need for each type of distribution grid system analysis. In addition to reviewing basic functionality current models, we discuss dynamics and transient simulation in detail and draw conclusions about existing software?s ability to address the needs of the future distribution grid as well as the barriers to modernization of the distribution grid that are posed by the current state of software and model development. Among our conclusions are that accuracy, data transfer, and data processing abilities are key to future distribution grid modeling, and measured data sources are a key missing element . Modeling tools need to be calibrated based on measured grid data to validate their output in varied conditions such as high renewables penetration and rapidly changing topology. In addition, establishing a standardized data modeling format would enable users to transfer data among tools to take advantage of different analysis features. ?
Photodissociation Dynamics and Spectroscopy of Free Radical Combustion Intermediates
Osborn, David L.
2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
dynamics the coupling occurs to a state with identical spin multiplicity as the initially excited state, the coupling process
Equilibrium Distributions and Superconductivity
Ashot Vagharshakyan
2011-06-07T23:59:59.000Z
In this article two models for charges distributions are discussed. On the basis of our consideration we put different points of view for stationary state. We prove that only finite energy model for charges' distribution and well-known variation principle explain some well-known experimental results. A new model for superconductivity was suggested, too. In frame of that model some characteristic experimental results for superconductors is possible to explain.
Fan, Diangeng
2011-02-22T23:59:59.000Z
and source functions, with the Newman?s product method to solve unsteady reservoir flow problems for a slightly compressible fluid. Then Cinco-Ley et al. (1978) divided the fracture flux a stepwise distribution in time and space to analyze the transient...-log type curve to analyze the transient pressure data of two cases: the infinite conductivity vertical fracture in a square drainage region; horizontally fractured well in an infinite medium. Cinco-Ley et al. (1978) developed a mathematical model...
Dionne, B.; Tzanos, C. P. (Nuclear Engineering Division)
2011-05-23T23:59:59.000Z
To support the safety analyses required for the conversion of the Belgian Reactor 2 (BR2) from highly-enriched uranium (HEU) to low-enriched uranium (LEU) fuel, the simulation of a number of loss-of-flow tests, with or without loss of pressure, has been undertaken. These tests were performed at BR2 in 1963 and used instrumented fuel assemblies (FAs) with thermocouples (TC) imbedded in the cladding as well as probes to measure the FAs power on the basis of their coolant temperature rise. The availability of experimental data for these tests offers an opportunity to better establish the credibility of the RELAP5-3D model and methodology used in the conversion analysis. In order to support the HEU to LEU conversion safety analyses of the BR2 reactor, RELAP simulations of a number of loss-of-flow/loss-of-pressure tests have been undertaken. Preliminary analyses showed that the conservative power distributions used historically in the BR2 RELAP model resulted in a significant overestimation of the peak cladding temperature during the transient. Therefore, it was concluded that better estimates of the steady-state and decay power distributions were needed to accurately predict the cladding temperatures measured during the tests and establish the credibility of the RELAP model and methodology. The new approach ('best estimate' methodology) uses the MCNP5, ORIGEN-2 and BERYL codes to obtain steady-state and decay power distributions for the BR2 core during the tests A/400/1, C/600/3 and F/400/1. This methodology can be easily extended to simulate any BR2 core configuration. Comparisons with measured peak cladding temperatures showed a much better agreement when power distributions obtained with the new methodology are used.
Characterization of majorization monotone quantum dynamics
Haidong Yuan
2015-03-25T23:59:59.000Z
In this article I study the dynamics of open quantum system in Markovian environment. I give necessary and sufficient conditions for such dynamics to be majorization monotone, which are those dynamics always mixing the states.
that storing the soft state in a database can achieve better per- formability than storing it in main memory from the database increase the load on other tiers and, consequently, increase the impact of faults performance and availability of This research was partially supported by NSF grants #EIA-0103722, #EIA
Moisés Santillán
2011-05-27T23:59:59.000Z
In this work we study, at the single molecular level, the thermodynamic and dynamic characteristics of an enzymatic reaction comprising a rate limiting step. We investigate how the stability of the enzyme-state stationary probability distribution, the reaction velocity, and its efficiency of energy conversion depend on the system parameters. We employ in this study a recently introduced formalism for performing a multiscale thermodynamic analysis in continuous-time discrete-state stochastic systems.
Waslylenko, Walter; Frei, Heinz
2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
A steady state distribution of propane between gas andK). A steady state distribution of propane between gas phasesteady state distribution between propane inside and outside
Dynamic instability of microtubules: effect of catastrophe-suppressing drugs
Pankaj Kumar Mishra; Ambarish Kunwar; Sutapa Mukherji; Debashish Chowdhury
2007-02-21T23:59:59.000Z
Microtubules are stiff filamentary proteins that constitute an important component of the cytoskeleton of cells. These are known to exhibit a dynamic instability. A steadily growing microtubule can suddenly start depolymerizing very rapidly; this phenomenon is known as ``catastrophe''. However, often a shrinking microtubule is ``rescued'' and starts polymerizing again. Here we develope a model for the polymerization-depolymerization dynamics of microtubules in the presence of {\\it catastrophe-suppressing drugs}. Solving the dynamical equations in the steady-state, we derive exact analytical expressions for the length distributions of the microtubules tipped with drug-bound tubulin subunits as well as those of the microtubules, in the growing and shrinking phases, tipped with drug-free pure tubulin subunits. We also examine the stability of the steady-state solutions.
SELF-CONSISTENT SIZE AND VELOCITY DISTRIBUTIONS OF COLLISIONAL CASCADES
Pan, Margaret [Department of Astronomy, University of California, Berkeley, CA 94720 (United States); Schlichting, Hilke E., E-mail: mpan@astro.berkeley.edu, E-mail: hilke@ucla.edu [Department of Earth and Space Sciences, University of California, Los Angeles, CA 90095 (United States)
2012-03-10T23:59:59.000Z
The standard theoretical treatment of collisional cascades derives a steady-state size distribution assuming a single constant velocity dispersion for all bodies regardless of size. Here we relax this assumption and solve self-consistently for the bodies' steady-state size and size-dependent velocity distributions. Specifically, we account for viscous stirring, dynamical friction, and collisional damping of the bodies' random velocities in addition to the mass conservation requirement typically applied to find the size distribution in a steady-state cascade. The resulting size distributions are significantly steeper than those derived without velocity evolution. For example, accounting self-consistently for the velocities can change the standard q = 3.5 power-law index of the Dohnanyi differential size spectrum to an index as large as q = 4. Similarly, for bodies held together by their own gravity, the corresponding power-law index range 2.88 < q < 3.14 of Pan and Sari can steepen to values as large as q = 3.26. Our velocity results allow quantitative predictions of the bodies' scale heights as a function of size. Together with our predictions, observations of the scale heights for different-sized bodies for the Kuiper belt, the asteroid belt, and extrasolar debris disks may constrain the mass and number of large bodies stirring the cascade as well as the colliding bodies' internal strengths.
Ji, Pengfei; Zhang, Yuwen, E-mail: zhangyu@missouri.edu [Department of Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering, University of Missouri, Columbia, Missouri 65211 (United States); Yang, Mo [College of Energy and Power Engineering, University of Shanghai for Science and Technology, Shanghai 200093 (China)
2013-12-21T23:59:59.000Z
The structural, dynamic, and vibrational properties during heat transfer process in Si/Ge superlattices are studied by analyzing the trajectories generated by the ab initio Car-Parrinello molecular dynamics simulation. The radial distribution functions and mean square displacements are calculated and further discussions are made to explain and probe the structural changes relating to the heat transfer phenomenon. Furthermore, the vibrational density of states of the two layers (Si/Ge) are computed and plotted to analyze the contributions of phonons with different frequencies to the heat conduction. Coherent heat conduction of the low frequency phonons is found and their contributions to facilitate heat transfer are confirmed. The Car-Parrinello molecular dynamics simulation outputs in the work show reasonable thermophysical results of the thermal energy transport process and shed light on the potential applications of treating the heat transfer in the superlattices of semiconductor materials from a quantum mechanical molecular dynamics simulation perspective.
Zhang Shengli [Key Laboratory of Quantum Information, University of Science and Technology of China (CAS), Hefei 230026 (China); Electronic Technology Institute, Information Engineering University, Zhengzhou, Henan 450004 (China); Zou Xubo; Li Ke; Guo Guangcan [Key Laboratory of Quantum Information, University of Science and Technology of China (CAS), Hefei 230026 (China); Jin Chenhui [Electronic Technology Institute, Information Engineering University, Zhengzhou, Henan 450004 (China)
2007-10-15T23:59:59.000Z
For the Bennett-Brassard 1984 (BB84) quantum key distribution, longer distance and higher key generating rate is shown with a heralded single-photon source (HSPS) [Phys. Rev. A. 73, 032331 (2006)]. In this paper, the performance of the Scarani-Acin-Ribordy-Gisim (SARG) protocol utilizing the HSPS sources is considered and the numerical simulation turns out that still a significant improvement in secret key generating rate can also be observed. It is shown that the security distance for HSPS+SARG is 120 km. However, compared with the HSPS+BB84 protocols, the HSPS+SARG protocol has a lower secret key rate and a shorter distance. Thus we show the HSPS+BB84 implementation is a preferable protocol for long distance transmittance.
Ness, E.
1999-09-02T23:59:59.000Z
Distributed generation, locating electricity generators close to the point of consumption, provides some unique benefits to power companies and customers that are not available from centralized electricity generation. Photovoltaic (PV) technology is well suited to distributed applications and can, especially in concert with other distributed resources, provide a very close match to the customer demand for electricity, at a significantly lower cost than the alternatives. In addition to augmenting power from central-station generating plants, incorporating PV systems enables electric utilities to optimize the utilization of existing transmission and distribution.
Optimal scaling of the ADMM algorithm for distributed quadratic ...
2014-12-11T23:59:59.000Z
Dec 11, 2014 ... such as distributed power network state-estimation [14] and distributed averaging [2]. In this class ...... The following statements are true:.
Michael Murray; for the BRAHMS Collaboration
2007-10-24T23:59:59.000Z
The purpose of BRAHMS is to survey the dynamics of relativistic heavy ion (as well as pp and d-A) collisions over a very wide range of rapidity and transverse momentum. The sum of these data may give us a glimpse of the initial state of the system, its transverse and longitudinal evolution and how the nature of the system changes with time. Here I will concentrate on the origin and dynamics of the light flavors, i.e. the creation and transport of the up, down and strange quarks. The results presented here are certainly not the end of the story. It is my hope that in a few years new detectors will reveal the rapidity dependence of the charm and bottom quarks.
ITP Industrial Distributed Energy: Distributed Energy Program...
Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site
ITP Industrial Distributed Energy: Distributed Energy Program Project Profile: Verizon Central Office Building ITP Industrial Distributed Energy: Distributed Energy Program Project...
Weston, R.E. Jr.; Sears, T.J.; Preses, J.M. [Brookhaven National Laboratory, Upton, NY (United States)
1993-12-01T23:59:59.000Z
Research in this program is directed towards the spectroscopy of small free radicals and reactive molecules and the state-to-state dynamics of gas phase collision, energy transfer, and photodissociation phenomena. Work on several systems is summarized here.
Crossed-beam studies of the dynamics of radical reactions
Liu, K. [Argonne National Laboratory, IL (United States)
1993-12-01T23:59:59.000Z
The objective of this program is to characterize the detailed dynamics of elementary radical reactions and to provide a better understanding of radical reactivity in general. The radical beam is typically generated by a laser photolysis method. After colliding with the reacting molecule in a crossed-beam apparatus, the reaction product state distribution is interrogated by laser spectroscopic techniques. Several radicals of combustion significance, such as O, CH, OH, CN and NCO have been successfully generated and their collisional behavior at the state-to-state integral cross section level of detail has been studied in this manner. During the past year, the detection system has been converted from LIF to REMPI schemes, and the emphasis of this program shifted to investigate the product angular distributions. Both inelastic and reactive processes have been studied.
Wei, C Y; Current, M I; Seidman, D N
1980-10-01T23:59:59.000Z
The results of an extensive field-ion microscope (FIM) investigation of the primary state of damage of ion-irradiated tungsten are presented. Two-pass zone-refined single crystals of tungsten were irradiated in situ, at less than or equal to 15 K, with a magnetically analyzed beam of various ions at a background pressure of (5 to 10)x10/sup -10/ torr in the absence of the imaging electric field. The value of the standard fluence was small enough (5 x 10/sup 12/cm/sup -2/) to guarantee that each depleted zone (DZ) detected was associated with a single projectile ion. After an irradiation each specimen was examined on an atom-by-atom basis employing the pulse field-evaporation technique.
2013 Distributed Wind Market Report
Orrell, Alice C.; Rhoads-Weaver, H. E.; Flowers, Larry T.; Gagne, Matthew N.; Pro, Boyd H.; Foster, Nikolas AF
2014-08-20T23:59:59.000Z
The purpose of this report is to quantify and summarize the 2013 U.S. distributed wind market to help plan and guide future investments and decisions by industry stakeholders, utilities, state and federal agencies, and other interested parties.
A Dynamic Programming Approach to Estimate the Capacity Value of Energy Storage
Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]
We present a method to estimate the capacity value of storage. Our method uses a dynamic program to model the effect of power system outages on the operation and state of charge of storage in subsequent periods. We combine the optimized dispatch from the dynamic program with estimated system loss of load probabilities to compute a probability distribution for the state of charge of storage in each period. This probability distribution can be used as a forced outage rate for storage in standard reliability-based capacity value estimation methods. Our proposed method has the advantage over existing approximations that it explicitly captures the effect of system shortage events on the state of charge of storage in subsequent periods. We also use a numerical case study, based on five utility systems in the U.S., to demonstrate our technique and compare it to existing approximation methods.
A Dynamic Platform for Runtime Adaptation
Pham, Hubert
We present a middleware platform for assembling pervasive applications that demand fault-tolerance and adaptivity in distributed, dynamic environments. Unlike typical adaptive middleware approaches, in which sophisticated ...
Ultraviolet photodissociation of OCS: Product energy and angular distributions
McBane, G. C. [Department of Chemistry, Grand Valley State University, Allendale, Michigan 49401 (United States); Schmidt, J. A.; Johnson, M. S. [Department of Chemistry, University of Copenhagen, Universitetsparken 5, DK-2100 Copenhagen O (Denmark); Schinke, R. [Max-Planck-Institut fuer Dynamik und Selbstorganisation (MPIDS), D-37077 Goettingen (Germany)
2013-03-07T23:59:59.000Z
The ultraviolet photodissociation of carbonyl sulfide (OCS) was studied using three-dimensional potential energy surfaces and both quantum mechanical dynamics calculations and classical trajectory calculations including surface hopping. The transition dipole moment functions used in an earlier study [J. A. Schmidt, M. S. Johnson, G. C. McBane, and R. Schinke, J. Chem. Phys. 137, 054313 (2012)] were improved with more extensive treatment of excited electronic states. The new functions indicate a much larger contribution from the 1 {sup 1}A{sup Double-Prime} state ({sup 1}{Sigma}{sup -} in linear OCS) than was found in the previous work. The new transition dipole functions yield absorption spectra that agree with experimental data just as well as the earlier ones. The previously reported potential energy surfaces were also empirically modified in the region far from linearity. The resulting product state distributions P{sub v,j}, angular anisotropy parameters {beta}(j), and carbon monoxide rotational alignment parameters A{sub 0}{sup (2)}(j) agree reasonably well with the experimental results, while those computed from the earlier transition dipole and potential energy functions do not. The higher-j peak in the bimodal rotational distribution is shown to arise from nonadiabatic transitions from state 2 {sup 1}A{sup Prime} to the OCS ground state late in the dissociation.
Distribution of particles and bubbles in turbulence at small Stokes number
Itzhak Fouxon
2011-10-11T23:59:59.000Z
The inertia of particles driven by the turbulent flow of the surrounding fluid makes them prefer certain regions of the flow. The heavy particles lag behind the flow and tend to accumulate in the regions with less vorticity, while the light particles do the opposite. As a result of the long-time evolution, the particles distribute over a multi-fractal attractor in space. We consider this distribution using our recent results on the steady states of chaotic dynamics. We describe the preferential concentration analytically and derive the correlation functions of density and the fractal dimensions of the attractor. The results are obtained for real turbulence and are testable experimentally.
Integration of Demand Side Management, Distributed Generation...
Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: Integration of Demand Side Management, Distributed Generation, Renewable Energy Sources, and Energy Storages: State-of-the-Art Report, Volume 1,...
Probing Ultrafast Dynamics with Time-resolved Multi-dimensional Coincidence Imaging: Butadiene
Hockett, Paul; Rytwinski, Andrew; Stolow, Albert
2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
Time-resolved coincidence imaging of photoelectrons and photoions represents the most complete experimental measurement of ultrafast excited state dynamics, a multi-dimensional measurement for a multi-dimensional problem. Here we present the experimental data from recent coincidence imaging experiments, undertaken with the aim of gaining insight into the complex ultrafast excited-state dynamics of 1,3-butadiene initiated by absorption of 200 nm light. We discuss photoion and photoelectron mappings of increasing dimensionality, and focus particularly on the time-resolved photoelectron angular distributions (TRPADs), expected to be a sensitive probe of the electronic evolution of the excited state and to provide significant information beyond the time-resolved photoelectron spectrum (TRPES). Complex temporal behaviour is observed in the TRPADs, revealing their sensitivity to the dynamics while also emphasising the difficulty of interpretation of these complex observables. From the experimental data some details...
User
NORMAL DlSTRlBUTION TABLE. Entries represent the area under the standardized normal distribution from -w to z, Pr(Z
Dynamics of genuine multipartite entanglement under local non-Markovian dephasing
Mazhar Ali
2014-11-05T23:59:59.000Z
We study dynamics of genuine entanglement for quantum states of three and four qubits under non-Markovian dephasing. Using a computable entanglement monotone for multipartite systems, we find that GHZ state is quite resilient state whereas the W state is the most fragile. We compare dynamics of chosen quantum states with dynamics of random pure states and weighted graph states.
Lucien Hardy
2012-06-14T23:59:59.000Z
In this paper we consider theories in which reality is described by some underlying variables. Each value these variables can take represents an ontic state (a particular state of reality). The preparation of a quantum state corresponds to a distribution over the ontic states. If we make three basic assumptions, we can show that the distributions over ontic states corresponding to distinct pure states are non-overlapping. This means that we can deduce the quantum state from a knowledge of the ontic state. Hence, if these assumptions are correct, we can claim that the quantum state is a real thing (it is written into the underlying variables that describe reality). The key assumption we use in this proof is ontic indifference - that quantum transformations that do not affect a given pure quantum state can be implemented in such a way that they do not affect the ontic states in the support of that state. In fact this assumption is violated in the Spekkens toy model (which captures many aspects of quantum theory and in which different pure states of the model have overlapping distributions over ontic states). This paper proves that ontic indifference must be violated in any model reproducing quantum theory in which the quantum state is not a real thing. The argument presented in this paper is different from that given in a recent paper by Pusey, Barrett, and Rudolph. It uses a different key assumption and it pertains to a single copy of the system in question.
Dynamical friction in modified Newtonian dynamics
C. Nipoti; L. Ciotti; J. Binney; P. Londrillo
2008-03-31T23:59:59.000Z
We have tested a previous analytical estimate of the dynamical friction timescale in Modified Newtonian Dynamics (MOND) with fully non-linear N-body simulations. The simulations confirm that the dynamical friction timescale is significantly shorter in MOND than in equivalent Newtonian systems, i.e. systems with the same phase-space distribution of baryons and additional dark matter. An apparent conflict between this result and the long timescales determined for bars to slow and mergers to be completed in previous N-body simulations of MOND systems is explained. The confirmation of the short dynamical-friction timescale in MOND underlines the challenge that the Fornax dwarf spheroidal poses to the viability of MOND.
Origin State Destination State
Annual Energy Outlook 2013 [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]
transportation rates for coal, state to state, STB data Origin State Destination State 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2001-2009 2008-2009 Alabama Alabama W W W W W W...
Recurrence properties of quantum observables in wave packet dynamics
Sudheesh, C; Balakrishnan, V
2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
We investigate the recurrence properties of the time series of quantum mechanical expectation values, in terms of two representative models for a single-mode radiation field interacting with a nonlinear medium. From recurrence-time distributions, return maps and recurrence plots, we conclude that the dynamics of appropriate observables pertaining to the field can vary from quasiperiodicity to hyperbolicity, depending on the extent of the nonlinearity and of the departure from coherence of the initial state of the field. We establish that, in a simple bipartite model in which the field is effectively an open quantum system, a decaying exponential recurrence-time distribution, characteristic of a hyperbolic dynamical system, is associated with chaotic temporal evolution as characterized by a positive Liapunov exponent.
Recurrence properties of quantum observables in wave packet dynamics
C. Sudheesh; S. Lakshmibala; V. Balakrishnan
2009-12-29T23:59:59.000Z
We investigate the recurrence properties of the time series of quantum mechanical expectation values, in terms of two representative models for a single-mode radiation field interacting with a nonlinear medium. From recurrence-time distributions, return maps and recurrence plots, we conclude that the dynamics of appropriate observables pertaining to the field can vary from quasiperiodicity to hyperbolicity, depending on the extent of the nonlinearity and of the departure from coherence of the initial state of the field. We establish that, in a simple bipartite model in which the field is effectively an open quantum system, a decaying exponential recurrence-time distribution, characteristic of a hyperbolic dynamical system, is associated with chaotic temporal evolution as characterized by a positive Liapunov exponent.
Marine Protists : : Distributions, Diversity and Dynamics
Pasulka, Alexis Leah
2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
Ali Friebott and Lorena Linacre for ciliate counts, Andrew Taylor and John Wokuluk for epifluorescence microscopy, and Karen
Marine Protists : : Distributions, Diversity and Dynamics
Pasulka, Alexis Leah
2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
? 13 C isotope signatures and 13 C-enrichment patterns intheir 13 C-enrichment patterns in the isotope labelingenrichment of 13 C (Peterson & Fry 1987), we might expect that folliculinid carbon isotope
Marine Protists : : Distributions, Diversity and Dynamics
Pasulka, Alexis Leah
2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
oxidation of methane above gas hydrates at Hydrate Ridge, NEoxidation of methane above gas hydrate at Hydrate Ridge, NEand sulfide flux at gas hydrate deposits from the Cascadia
Designing Distributed Programs with Dynamic Communication Structures
van Steen, Maarten
-1980's, COWs now offer a stable and affordable environment for research in medium to coarse-grained par. In this paper we present a graphical technique, called ADL-D, that allows a developer to construct the possibility of runtime changes in the communication structure, which requires careful modeling. Fi- nally, we
Energy trapping from Hagedorn densities of states
Connor Behan; Klaus Larjo; Nima Lashkari; Brian Swingle; Mark Van Raamsdonk
2013-04-26T23:59:59.000Z
In this note, we construct simple stochastic toy models for holographic gauge theories in which distributions of energy on a collection of sites evolve by a master equation with some specified transition rates. We build in only energy conservation, locality, and the standard thermodynamic requirement that all states with a given energy are equally likely in equilibrium. In these models, we investigate the qualitative behavior of the dynamics of the energy distributions for different choices of the density of states for the individual sites. For typical field theory densities of states (\\log(\\rho(E)) ~ E^{\\alphaenergy spread out relatively quickly. For large N gauge theories with gravitational duals, the density of states for a finite volume of field theory degrees of freedom typically includes a Hagedorn regime (\\log(\\rho(E)) ~ E). We find that this gives rise to a trapping of energy in subsets of degrees of freedom for parametrically long time scales before the energy leaks away. We speculate that this Hagedorn trapping may be part of a holographic explanation for long-lived gravitational bound states (black holes) in gravitational theories.
United States Nuclear Regulatory
United States Nuclear Regulatory Commission United States Department of Energy United States.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission Washington, DC 20555-0001 E-mail: DISTRIBUTION@nrc.gov Facsimile: 301 and Safety Licensing Boards and of Directors' decisions under Section 2.206 of NRC's regulations (NUREG0750
A State-Queueing Model of Thermostatically Controlled Appliances
Lu, Ning; Chassin, David P.
2004-08-01T23:59:59.000Z
This paper develops a new method to analyze the price response of aggregated loads consisting of thermostatically controlled appliances (TCAs). Assuming a perfectly diversified load before the price response, we show that TCA setpoint changes in response to the market price will result in a redistribution of TCAs in on/off states and therefore change the probabilities for a unit to reside in each state. A randomly distributed load can be partially synchronized and the aggregated diversity lost. The lost of the load diversity can then create unexpected dynamics in the aggregated load profile. Raising issues such as restoring load diversity and damping the peak loads are also addressed in the paper.
Key Distribution Mechanisms for Wireless Sensor Networks: a Survey
Bystroff, Chris
Key Distribution Mechanisms for Wireless Sensor Networks: a Survey SEYIT A. Câ?º AMTEPE and B Ë? ULENT and dynamic key generation algorithms for distributing pairÂwise, groupÂwise and networkÂwise keys. General, key distribution, key matrix, key preÂdistribution, master key, networkÂwise key, pairÂwise key, pair
Dynamic Modeling of Cascading Failure in Power Systems
Song, Jiajia; Ghanavati, Goodarz; Hines, Paul D H
2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
The modeling of cascading failure in power systems is difficult because of the many different mechanisms involved; no single model captures all of these mechanisms. Understanding the relative importance of these different mechanisms is an important step in choosing which mechanisms need to be modeled for particular types of cascading failure analysis. This work presents a dynamic simulation model of both power networks and protection systems, which can simulate a wider variety of cascading outage mechanisms, relative to existing quasi-steady state (QSS) models. The model allows one to test the impact of different load models and protections on cascading outage sizes. This paper describes each module of the developed dynamic model and demonstrates how different mechanisms interact. In order to test the model we simulated a batch of randomly selected $N-2$ contingencies for several different static load configurations, and found that the distribution of blackout sizes and event lengths from the proposed dynamic...
Antsaklis, Panos
Linear State Feedback," Control Systems Technical Report #55, Dept. of Electrical and Computer," Control Systems Technical Report #55, Dept. of Electrical and Computer Engineering, University of Notre Feedback," Control Systems Technical Report #55, Dept. of Electrical and Computer Engineering, University
Coppens, Philip
states of molecules are vehicles for solar energy conversion and storage, photosensitization, Guy Jennings, Klaus Attenkofer, Gerald J. Meyer,*,§ and Philip Coppens*,| Contribution from Chemistry, Department of Chemistry, Johns Hopkins UniVersity, Baltimore, Maryland 21210, and Department of Chemistry
DISTRIBUTED DATABASES INTRODUCTION
Liu, Chengfei
D DISTRIBUTED DATABASES INTRODUCTION The development of network and data communication tech- nology distributed database management. Naturally, the decen- tralized approach reflects the distributed aspects in the definition of a distributed database exist. First, a distributed database is distributed
ETH Zurich Distributed Computing Group Stephan Holzer 1ETH Zurich Distributed Computing www Networks #12;ETH Zurich Distributed Computing Group Stephan Holzer 2 Problem: Self-Monitoring in Dynamic Wireless Networks Who is in the network? O(1)? Update #12;ETH Zurich Distributed Computing Group Stephan
The influence of field-free orientation on the predissociation dynamics of the NaI molecule
Zhao, Ze-Yu; Han, Yong-Chang, E-mail: ychan@dlut.edu.cn; Yu, Jie; Cong, Shu-Lin [School of Physics and Optoelectronic Technology, Dalian University of Technology, Dalian 116024 (China)] [School of Physics and Optoelectronic Technology, Dalian University of Technology, Dalian 116024 (China)
2014-01-28T23:59:59.000Z
The orientation and predissociation dynamics of the NaI molecule are studied by using a time-dependent wavepacket method. The NaI molecule is first pre-oriented by a single-cycle pulse (SCP) in terahertz (THz) region and then predissociated by a femtosecond pump pulse. The influence of the molecular field-free orientation on the predissociation dynamics is studied in detail. We calculate the radial and angular distributions, the molecular orientation degrees, and the time-dependent populations for both the ground and excited electronic states. It is found that the pre-orientation affects the angular distributions significantly, and that it has weak influence on the radial distributions. By varying the delay time between the THz SCP and the pump pulse, the angular distribution of the fragments from the predissociation can be manipulated.
Modeling probability distributions with predictive state representations
Wiewiora, Eric Walter
2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
Institute, Berkeley CA. Blei, D. , Ng, A. , and Jordan, M. ,a latent document class (Blei et al. , 2003). In this case,
Announcement Distribution Policy East Tennessee State University
Karsai, Istvan
community. Although sending email is often the easiest and fastest way to communicate with the ETSU this criterion should be disseminated via ETSU's Data Exchange Calendar System, to be implemented in December students need regarding academic or administrative processes at ETSU. d. Important information all
A thermal coherent state defined with the Lie-Trotter product formula
Hiroo Azuma; Masashi Ban
2015-07-11T23:59:59.000Z
In this paper, we investigate a thermal coherent state defined with the Lie-Trotter product formula under the formalism of the thermo field dynamics. In the definition of our thermal coherent state, we treat the thermalizing operator and the displacement operator symmetrically. We examine its uncertainty relation and quasiprobability distributions. Although this thermal coherent state is equivalent to the conventional ones except for different parameterizations and a phase factor, it is convenient for describing an experimental setup of the optical parametric oscillator laser.
Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)
AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level:5 TablesExports(Journal Article)41clothThe Bonneville Power Administration wouldDecemberReportsEnergy Analysis Energy Analysis ElectricityDistributed
Heller, Barbara
probabilities in the standard normal table What is the area to the left of Z=1.51 in a standard normal curve? Z=1.51 Z=1.51 Area is 93.45% #12;Exercises Â· If scores are normally distributed with a mean of 30 beauty of the normal curve: No matter what and are, the area between - and + is about 68%; the area
Key distributionKey distribution Key distribution, symmetric encryption
Fisher, Michael
COMP 522 Key distributionKey distribution COMP 522 Key distribution, symmetric encryption From in a secure way and must keep the key secure" · Important issue: how to distribute secret keys? COMP 522 Key distribution, manual delivery For two parties A and B: · A key could be created by A and delivered physically
Hans Peter Schmid; Craig Wayson
2009-05-05T23:59:59.000Z
The primary objective of this project was to evaluate carbon exchange dynamics across a region of North America between the Great Plains and the East Coast. This region contains about 40 active carbon cycle research (AmeriFlux) sites in a variety of climatic and landuse settings, from upland forest to urban development. The core research involved a scaling strategy that uses measured fluxes of CO{sub 2}, energy, water, and other biophysical and biometric parameters to train and calibrate surface-vegetation-atmosphere models, in conjunction with satellite (MODIS) derived drivers. To achieve matching of measured and modeled fluxes, the ecosystem parameters of the models will be adjusted to the dynamically variable flux-tower footprints following Schmid (1997). High-resolution vegetation index variations around the flux sites have been derived from Landsat data for this purpose. The calibrated models are being used in conjunction with MODIS data, atmospheric re-analysis data, and digital land-cover databases to derive ecosystem exchange fluxes over the study domain.
Brief Announcement: Distributed Churn Measurement in Arbitrary Networks
Gramoli, Vincent
Brief Announcement: Distributed Churn Measurement in Arbitrary Networks Vincent Gramoli EPFL & Univ; General Terms: Algorithms Keywords: Churn, Dynamics, Gossip, Large-Scale 1. INTRODUCTION & MODEL We adress the problem of estimating in a fully distributed way the dynamism over a network, called the churn. This BA
Kuramoto dynamics in Hamiltonian systems
Dirk Witthaut; Marc Timme
2013-05-08T23:59:59.000Z
The Kuramoto model constitutes a paradigmatic model for the dissipative collective dynamics of coupled oscillators, characterizing in particular the emergence of synchrony. Here we present a classical Hamiltonian (and thus conservative) system with 2N state variables that in its action-angle representation exactly yields Kuramoto dynamics on N-dimensional invariant manifolds. We show that the synchronization transition on a Kuramoto manifold emerges where the transverse Hamiltonian action dynamics becomes unstable. The uncovered Kuramoto dynamics in Hamiltonian systems thus distinctly links dissipative to conservative dynamics.
Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)
AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level:5 TablesExports to3,1,50022,3,,0,,6,1,Separation 23Tribal EnergyCatalyticPreparation and propertiessystem (Conference)U.S. China60308U235:DISTRIBUTION
B. R. Webber
1995-10-12T23:59:59.000Z
The following aspects of hadronic final states in deep inelastic lepton scattering are reviewed: measuring $alpha_s$ from multi-jet production rates and event shapes; alternative jet algorithms for DIS; power-suppressed corrections to event shapes; comparing jet fragmentation in $e^+e^-$ annihilation and DIS; final states in the BFKL and CCFM formulations of small-$x$ dynamics; exotic (instanton-induced) final states.
Distributed Quantum Programming
Ellie D'Hondt; Yves Vandriessche
2010-01-11T23:59:59.000Z
In this paper we explore the structure and applicability of the Distributed Measurement Calculus (DMC), an assembly language for distributed measurement-based quantum computations. We describe the formal language's syntax and semantics, both operational and denotational, and state several properties that are crucial to the practical usability of our language, such as equivalence of our semantics, as well as compositionality and context-freeness of DMC programs. We show how to put these properties to use by constructing a composite program that implements distributed controlled operations, in the knowledge that the semantics of this program does not change under the various composition operations. Our formal model is the basis of a quantum virtual machine construction for distributed quantum computations, which we elaborate upon in the latter part of this work. This virtual machine embodies the formal semantics of DMC such that programming execution no longer needs to be analysed by hand. Far from a literal translation, it requires a substantial concretisation of the formal model at the level of data structures, naming conventions and abstraction mechanisms. At the same time we provide automatisation techniques for program specification where possible to obtain an expressive and user-friendly programming environment.
Krishtal, Alisa; Genova, Alessandro; Pavanello, Michele
2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
Subsystem Density-Functional Theory (DFT) is an emerging technique for calculating the electronic structure of complex molecular and condensed phase systems. In this topical review, we focus on some recent advances in this field related to the computation of condensed phase systems, their excited states, and the evaluation of many-body interactions between the subsystems. As subsystem DFT is in principle an exact theory, any advance in this field can have a dual role. One is the possible applicability of a resulting method in practical calculations. The other is the possibility of shedding light on some quantum-mechanical phenomenon which is more easily treated by subdividing a supersystem into subsystems. An example of the latter is many-body interactions. In the discussion, we present some recent work from our research group as well as some new results, casting them in the current state-of-the-art in this review as comprehensively as possible.
Guo, Zhiyong [Iowa State University; Kobayashi, Takeshi [Ames Laboratory; Wang, Lin-Lin [Ames Laboratory; Goh, Tian Wei [Iowa State University; Xiao, Chaoxian [Iowa State University; Caporini, Marc A [Bruker BioSpin Corporation; Rosay, Melanie [Bruker BioSpin Corporation; Johnson, Duane D [Ames Laboratory; Pruski, Marek [Ames Laboratory; Huang, Wenyu [Ames Laboratory
2014-10-08T23:59:59.000Z
The host–guest interaction between metal ions (Pt2+ and Cu2+) and a zirconium metal–organic framework (UiO-66-NH2) was explored using dynamic nuclear polarization-enhanced 15N{1H} CPMAS NMR spectroscopy supported by X-ray absorption spectroscopy and density functional calculations. The combined experimental results conclude that each Pt2+ coordinates with two NH2 groups from the MOF and two Cl? from the metal precursor, whereas Cu2+ do not form chemical bonds with the NH2 groups of the MOF framework. Density functional calculations reveal that Pt2+ prefers a square-planar structure with the four ligands and resides in the octahedral cage of the MOF in either cis or trans configurations.
Dynamic Logics of Dynamical Systems ANDR E PLATZER, Carnegie Mellon University
Platzer, AndrÃ©
. Dynamical systems are mathematical models describing how the state of a system evolves over time. They are important for modeling and understanding many applications, including embedded systems and cyber of differential equations. We explain the dynamical system models, dynamic logics of dynamical systems
Non-equilibrium evolution of a "Tsunami" Dynamical Symmetry Breaking
Boyanovsky, D; Holman, R; Kumar, S P; Pisarski, R D; Boyanovsky, Daniel; Vega, Hector J. de; Holman, Richard; Pisarski, Robert D.
1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
We propose to study the non-equilibrium features of heavy-ion collisions by following the evolution of an initial state with a large number of quanta with a distribution around a momentum |\\vec k_0| corresponding to a thin spherical shell in momentum space, a `tsunami'. An O(N); ({\\vec \\Phi}^2)^2 model field theory in the large N limit is used as a framework to study the non-perturbative aspects of the non-equilibrium dynamics including a resummation of the effects of the medium (the initial particle distribution). In a theory where the symmetry is spontaneously broken in the absence of the medium, when the initial number of particles per correlation volume is chosen to be larger than a critical value the medium effects can restore the symmetry of the initial state. We show that if one begins with such a symmetry-restored, non-thermal, initial state, non-perturbative effects automatically induce spinodal instabilities leading to a dynamical breaking of the symmetry. As a result there is explosive particle pro...
Bokarev, Sergey I; Suljoti, Edlira; Kühn, Oliver; Aziz, Emad F
2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
Non-radiative decay channels in the L-edge fluorescence spectra from transition metal-aqueous solutions give rise to spectral dips in X-ray transmission spectra. Their origin is unraveled here using partial and inverse partial fluorescence yields on the micro-jet combined with multi-reference ab initio electronic structure calculations. Comparing Fe2+, Fe3+, and Co2+ systems we demonstrate unequivocally that spectral dips are due to a state-dependent electron delocalization within the manifold of d-orbitals.
Dynamical Mutation of Dark Energy
L. R. Abramo; R. C. Batista; L. Liberato; R. Rosenfeld
2008-01-03T23:59:59.000Z
We discuss the intriguing possibility that dark energy may change its equation of state in situations where large dark energy fluctuations are present. We show indications of this dynamical mutation in some generic models of dark energy.
Dynamical mutation of dark energy
Abramo, L. R.; Batista, R. C. [Instituto de Fisica, Universidade de Sao Paulo, CP 66318, 05315-970, Sao Paulo (Brazil); Liberato, L.; Rosenfeld, R. [Instituto de Fisica Teorica, Universidade Estadual Paulista, R. Pamplona 145, 01405-900, Sao Paulo (Brazil)
2008-03-15T23:59:59.000Z
We discuss the intriguing possibility that dark energy may change its equation of state in situations where large dark energy fluctuations are present. We show indications of this dynamical mutation in some generic models of dark energy.
Statistics of football dynamics
Mendes, R S; Anteneodo, C
2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
We investigate the dynamics of football matches. Our goal is to characterize statistically the temporal sequence of ball movements in this collective sport game, searching for traits of complex behavior. Data were collected over a variety of matches in South American, European and World championships throughout 2005 and 2006. We show that the statistics of ball touches presents power-law tails and can be described by $q$-gamma distributions. To explain such behavior we propose a model that provides information on the characteristics of football dynamics. Furthermore, we discuss the statistics of duration of out-of-play intervals, not directly related to the previous scenario.
Distributed Wind Policy Comparison Tool
None
2011-12-01T23:59:59.000Z
Power through Policy: 'Best Practices' for Cost-Effective Distributed Wind is a U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)-funded project to identify distributed wind technology policy best practices and to help policymakers, utilities, advocates, and consumers examine their effectiveness using a pro forma model. Incorporating a customized feed from the Database of State Incentives for Renewables and Efficiency (DSIRE), the Web-based Distributed Wind Policy Comparison Tool (Policy Tool) is designed to assist state, local, and utility officials in understanding the financial impacts of different policy options to help reduce the cost of distributed wind technologies. The Policy Tool can be used to evaluate the ways that a variety of federal and state policies and incentives impact the economics of distributed wind (and subsequently its expected market growth). It also allows policymakers to determine the impact of policy options, addressing market challenges identified in the U.S. DOE’s '20% Wind Energy by 2030' report and helping to meet COE targets.
System Designs for Adaptive, Distributed Network Monitoring and Control
Baras, John S.
1 System Designs for Adaptive, Distributed Network Monitoring and Control H. Li, S. Yang, H. Xi.umd.edu Abstract We present system designs for adaptive, distributed network monitoring and control. The ideas are to distribute some processing intelligence to network elements, and to design a dynamic interface
Key Distribution Mechanisms for Wireless Sensor Networks: a Survey
Bystroff, Chris
Key Distribution Mechanisms for Wireless Sensor Networks: a Survey SEYIT A. CÂ¸AMTEPE and B distributed and hier- archical wireless sensor networks where unicast, multicast and broadcast type and dynamic key generation algorithms for distributing pair-wise, group-wise and network-wise keys. General
Transactions in GIS Dynamic Modelling and Visualization on the Internet
Worboys, Mike
1 Transactions in GIS Dynamic Modelling and Visualization on the Internet Bo Huang* and Michael F for GIS to incorporate dynamic analytic models. At the same time, there is a need to distribute results of dynamic GIS using the Internet. Therefore, this paper sets out to explore the implementation of dynamic
Albert, Réka
with a random network with a given degree distribution P(k). Mark edges with probability T. DisregardThe two faces of network dynamics Evolving network models describe the dynamics (assembly, evolution) OF networks by the addition/removal of nodes and edges. It is possible to have network dynamics
Stationary States of Dissipative Quantum Systems
Vasily E. Tarasov
2011-07-29T23:59:59.000Z
In this Letter we consider stationary states of dissipative quantum systems. We discuss stationary states of dissipative quantum systems, which coincide with stationary states of Hamiltonian quantum systems. Dissipative quantum systems with pure stationary states of linear harmonic oscillator are suggested. We discuss bifurcations of stationary states for dissipative quantum systems which are quantum analogs of classical dynamical bifurcations.
Network aware distributed applications
Agarwal, Deborah [Lawrence Berkeley National Lab. (LBNL), Berkeley, CA (United States); Tierney, Brian L. [Lawrence Berkeley National Lab. (LBNL), Berkeley, CA (United States); Gunter, Dan [Lawrence Berkeley National Lab. (LBNL), Berkeley, CA (United States); Lee, Jason [Lawrence Berkeley National Lab. (LBNL), Berkeley, CA (United States); Johnston, William [Lawrence Berkeley National Lab. (LBNL), Berkeley, CA (United States)
2001-02-04T23:59:59.000Z
Most distributed applications today manage to utilize only a small percentage of the needed and available network bandwidth. Often application developers are not aware of the potential bandwidth of the network, and therefore do not know what to expect. Even when application developers are aware of the specifications of the machines and network links, they have few resources that can help determine why the expected performance was not achieved. What is needed is a ubiquitous and easy-to-use service that provides reliable, accurate, secure, and timely estimates of dynamic network properties. This service will help advise applications on how to make use of the network's increasing bandwidth and capabilities for traffic shaping and engineering. When fully implemented, this service will make building currently unrealizable levels of network awareness into distributed applications a relatively mundane task. For example, a remote data visualization application could choose between sending a wireframe, a pre-rendered image, or a 3-D representation, based on forecasts of CPU availability and power, compression options, and available bandwidth. The same service will provide on-demand performance information so that applications can compare predicted with actual results, and allow detailed queries about the end-to-end path for application and network tuning and debugging.
Distributed Theorem Proving for Distributed Hybrid Systems
Platzer, André
system with a varying number of arbitrarily many cars. 1 Introduction Hybrid systems with joint discrete a multi-agent system, e.g., distributed car control systems. Such systems form distributed hybrid systemsDistributed Theorem Proving for Distributed Hybrid Systems David W. Renshaw, Sarah M. Loos
Eccentricity distributions in nucleus-nucleus collisions
Li Yan; Jean-Yves Ollitrault; Arthur M. Poskanzer
2014-09-03T23:59:59.000Z
We propose a new parametrization of the distribution of the initial eccentricity in a nucleus-nucleus collision at a fixed centrality, which we name the Elliptic Power distribution. It is a two-parameter distribution, where one of the parameters corresponds to the intrinsic eccentricity, while the other parameter controls the magnitude of eccentricity fluctuations. Unlike the previously used Bessel- Gaussian distribution, which becomes worse for more peripheral collisions, the new Elliptic Power distribution fits several Monte Carlo models of the initial state for all centralities.
Extending the theoretical framework of protein folding dynamics
Yang, Sichun
2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
Stochastic Dynamics on a Protein Folding Energy Landscape .and J. N. Onuchic. Protein folding funnels: kinetic pathwaysand T. Head-Gordon. Protein folding by distributed computing
Dynamic simulation of voltage collapses
Deuse, J.; Stubbe, M. (Tractebel, Brussels (Belgium))
1993-08-01T23:59:59.000Z
Most of the time the voltage collapse phenomena are studied by means of computer programs designed for the calculation of steady state conditions. But in the real world, the simultaneous occurrences of losses of synchronism, of AVR dynamics or of transformer tap changes call for a full dynamic simulation of voltage phenomena. The present paper shows some examples of dynamic simulations of voltage phenomena using a new general purpose stability program (EUROSTAG), covering in a continuous way the classical fields of transient, mid-term and long-term stability, and also the quasi steady state conditions of a power system.
Equilibration of hadrons in HICs via Hagedorn States
Beitel, M; Greiner, C
2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
Hagedorn states (HS) are a tool to model the hadronization process which occurs in the phase transition region between the quark gluon plasma (QGP) and the hadron resonance gas (HRG). These states are believed to appear near the Hagedorn temperature $T_H$ which in our understanding equals the critical temperature $T_c$. A covariantly formulated bootstrap equation is solved to generate the zoo of these particles characterized baryon number $B$, strangeness $S$ and electric charge $Q$. These hadron-like resonances are characterized by being very massive and by not being limited to quantum numbers of known hadrons. All hadronic properties like masses, spectral functions etc.are taken from the hadronic transport model Ultra Relativistic Quantum Molecular Dynamics (UrQMD). Decay chains of single Hagedorn states provide a well description of experimentally observed multiplicity ratios of strange and multi-strange particles. In addition, the final energy spectra of resulting hadrons show a thermal-like distribution ...
Hamiltonian Dynamics of Preferential Attachment
Konstantin Zuev; Fragkiskos Papadopoulos; Dmitri Krioukov
2015-04-29T23:59:59.000Z
Prediction and control of network dynamics are grand-challenge problems in network science. The lack of understanding of fundamental laws driving the dynamics of networks is among the reasons why many practical problems of great significance remain unsolved for decades. Here we study the dynamics of networks evolving according to preferential attachment, known to approximate well the large-scale growth dynamics of a variety of real networks. We show that this dynamics is Hamiltonian, thus casting the study of complex networks dynamics to the powerful canonical formalism, in which the time evolution of a dynamical system is described by Hamilton's equations. We derive the explicit form of the Hamiltonian that governs network growth in preferential attachment. This Hamiltonian turns out to be nearly identical to graph energy in the configuration model, which shows that the ensemble of random graphs generated by preferential attachment is nearly identical to the ensemble of random graphs with scale-free degree distributions. In other words, preferential attachment generates nothing but random graphs with power-law degree distribution. The extension of the developed canonical formalism for network analysis to richer geometric network models with non-degenerate groups of symmetries may eventually lead to a system of equations describing network dynamics at small scales.
Discrete multivariate distributions
Oleg Yu. Vorobyev; Lavrentiy S. Golovkov
2011-02-22T23:59:59.000Z
This article brings in two new discrete distributions: multidimensional Binomial distribution and multidimensional Poisson distribution. Those distributions were created in eventology as more correct generalizations of Binomial and Poisson distributions. Accordingly to eventology new laws take into account full distribution of events. Also, in article its characteristics and properties are described
Exponential approach to, and properties of, a non-equilibrium steady state in a dilute gas
Eric A. Carlen; Joel L. Lebowitz; Clement Mouhot
2014-06-16T23:59:59.000Z
We investigate a kinetic model of a system in contact with several thermal reservoirs at different temperatures $T_\\alpha$. Our system is a spatially uniform dilute gas whose internal dynamics is described by the nonlinear Boltzmann equation with Maxwellian collisions. Similarly, the interaction with reservoir $\\alpha$ is represented by a Markovian process that has the Maxwellian $M_{T_\\alpha}$ as its stationary state. We prove existence and uniqueness of a non-equilibrium steady state (NESS) and show exponential convergence to this NESS in a metric on probability measures introduced into the study of Maxwellian collisions by Gabetta, Toscani and Wenberg (GTW). This shows that the GTW distance between the current velocity distribution to the steady-state velocity distribution is a Lyapunov functional for the system. We also derive expressions for the entropy production in the system plus the reservoirs which is always positive.
The Evidence for Slow Migration of Neptune from the Inclination Distribution of Kuiper Belt Objects
Nesvorny, David
2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
Much of the dynamical structure of the Kuiper belt can be explained if Neptune migrated over several AU, and/or if Neptune was scattered to an eccentric orbit during planetary instability. An outstanding problem with the existing formation models is that the distribution of orbital inclinations they predicted is narrower than the one inferred from observations. Here we perform numerical simulations of Kuiper belt formation starting from an initial state with Neptune at 20 = 10 Myr and a_{N,0} 40 AU region, where the Cold Classicals presumably formed.
Spatial distribution of interstellar gas in the innermost 3 kpc of our Galaxy
Katia Ferriere; William Gillard; Pierre Jean
2007-02-20T23:59:59.000Z
We review the present observational knowledge on the spatial distribution and the physical state of the different (molecular, atomic and ionized) components of the interstellar gas in the innermost 3 kpc of our Galaxy -- a region which we refer to as the interstellar Galactic bulge, to distinguish it from its stellar counterpart. We try to interpret the observations in the framework of recent dynamical models of interstellar gas flows in the gravitational potential of a barred galaxy. Finally, relying on both the relevant observations and their theoretical interpretation, we propose a model for the space-averaged density of each component of the interstellar gas in the interstellar Galactic bulge.
Ko Kyaw, Aung Ko [Agency for Science Technology and Research (A*STAR) (Singapore). Inst. of Materials Research and Engineering (IMRE).; Gehrig, Dominik [Max Planck Inst. for Polymer Research, Mainz (Germany); Zhang, Jie [Agency for Science Technology and Research (A*STAR) (Singapore). Inst. of Materials Research and Engineering (IMRE).; Huang, Ye [Univ. of California at Santa Barbara, Santa Barbara, CA (United States). Center for Polymers and Organic Solids.; Bazan, Guillermo C. [Univ. of California at Santa Barbara, Santa Barbara, CA (United States). Center for Polymers and Organic Solids.; Laquai, Frédéric [Max Planck Inst. for Polymer Research, Mainz (Germany); Nguyen, Thuc -Quyen [Univ. of California at Santa Barbara, Santa Barbara, CA (United States). Center for Polymers and Organic Solids.
2014-11-27T23:59:59.000Z
The photovoltaic performance of bulk heterojunction solar cells using the solution-processable small molecule donor 7,7'-(4,4-bis(2-ethylhexyl)-4H-silolo[3,2-b:4,5-b']dithiophene-2,6-diyl)bis(6-fluoro-4-(5'-hexyl-[2,2'-bithiophene]-5-yl)benzo[c][1,2,5]thiadiazole) (p-DTS(FBTTh_{2})_{2} in combination with indene-C60 bis-adduct (ICBA) as an acceptor is systematically optimized by altering the processing conditions. A high open-circuit voltage of 1 V, more than 0.2 V higher than that of a p-DTS(FBTTh_{2})_{2}:PC_{70}BM blend, is achieved. However, the power conversion efficiency remains around 5% and thus is lower than ~8% previously reported for p-DTS(FBTTh_{2})_{2}:PC_{70}BM. Transient absorption (TA) pump–probe spectroscopy over a wide spectral (Vis-NIR) and dynamic (fs to ?s) range in combination with multivariate curve resolution analysis of the TA data reveals that generation of free charges is more efficient in the blend with PC_{70}BM as an acceptor. In contrast, blends with ICBA create more coulombically bound interfacial charge transfer (CT) states, which recombine on the sub-nanosecond timescale by geminate recombination. Furthermore, the ns to ?s charge carrier dynamics in p-DTS(FBTTh_{2})_{2}:ICBA blends are only weakly intensity dependent implying a significant contribution of recombination from long-lived CT states and trapped charges, while those in p-DTS(FBTTh_{2})_{2}:PC_{70}BM decay via an intensity-dependent recombination mechanism indicating that spatially separated (free) charge carriers are observed, which can be extracted as photocurrent from the device.
WATER DISTRIBUTION SYSTEM OPERATION: APPLICATION OF
Mays, Larry W.
CHAPTER 5 WATER DISTRIBUTION SYSTEM OPERATION: APPLICATION OF SIMULATED ANNEALING Fred E. Goldman Arizona State University, Tempe, Arizona 5.1 INTRODUCTION The operation of water distribution systems affects the water quality in these systems. EPA regulations require that water quality be maintained
Distributed Parallel Particle Advection using Work Requesting
Muller, Cornelius; Camp, David; Hentschel, Bernd; Garth, Christoph
2013-09-30T23:59:59.000Z
Particle advection is an important vector field visualization technique that is difficult to apply to very large data sets in a distributed setting due to scalability limitations in existing algorithms. In this paper, we report on several experiments using work requesting dynamic scheduling which achieves balanced work distribution on arbitrary problems with minimal communication overhead. We present a corresponding prototype implementation, provide and analyze benchmark results, and compare our results to an existing algorithm.
Wopperer, P; Reinhard, P -G; Suraud, E
2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
Various ways to analyze the dynamical response of clusters and molecules to electromagnetic perturbations exist. Particularly rich information can be obtained from measuring the properties of electrons emitted in the course of the excitation dynamics. Such an analysis of electron signals covers total ionization, Photo-Electron Spectra, Photoelectron Angular Distributions, and ideally combined PES/PAD, with a long history in molecular physics, also increasingly used in cluster physics. Recent progress in the design of new light sources (high intensity and/or frequency, ultra short pulses) opens new possibilities for measurements and thus has renewed the interest on the analysis of dynamical scenarios through these observables, well beyond a simple access to a density of states. This, in turn, has motivated many theoretical investigations of the dynamics of electronic emission for molecules and clusters. A theoretical tool of choice is here Time-Dependent Density Functional Theory (TDDFT) propagated in real tim...
Dynamics of Liquid Nanojets Jens Eggers
Eggers, Jens
dynamics simulation of a jet of propane issuing from a nozzle 6 nm in diam was performed, which also payed distribution of drop sizes, as we will discuss in more detail below. In addition, on the nanoscale the motion
THE DYNAMICS OF THREE-PLANET SYSTEMS: AN APPROACH FROM A DYNAMICAL SYSTEM
Shikita, Bungo; Yamada, Shoichi [Science and Engineering, Waseda University, 3-4-1 Okubo, Shinjuku, Tokyo 169-8555 (Japan); Koyama, Hiroko, E-mail: shikita@heap.phys.waseda.ac.j [Department of Physics, Nagoya University, Nagoya 464-8602 (Japan)
2010-04-01T23:59:59.000Z
We study in detail the motions of three planets interacting with each other under the influence of a central star. It is known that the system with more than two planets becomes unstable after remaining quasi-stable for long times, leading to highly eccentric orbital motions or ejections of some of the planets. In this paper, we are concerned with the underlying physics for this quasi-stability as well as the subsequent instability and advocate the so-called stagnant motion in the phase space, which has been explored in the field of a dynamical system. We employ the Lyapunov exponent, the power spectra of orbital elements, and the distribution of the durations of quasi-stable motions to analyze the phase-space structure of the three-planet system, the simplest and hopefully representative one that shows the instability. We find from the Lyapunov exponent that the system is almost non-chaotic in the initial quasi-stable state whereas it becomes intermittently chaotic thereafter. The non-chaotic motions produce the horizontal dense band in the action-angle plot whereas the voids correspond to the chaotic motions. We obtain power laws for the power spectra of orbital eccentricities. Power-law distributions are also found for the durations of quasi-stable states. With all these results combined together, we may reach the following picture: the phase space consists of the so-called KAM tori surrounded by satellite tori and imbedded in the chaotic sea. The satellite tori have a self-similar distribution and are responsible for the scale-free power-law distributions of the duration times. The system is trapped around one of the KAM torus and the satellites for a long time (the stagnant motion) and moves to another KAM torus with its own satellites from time to time, corresponding to the intermittent chaotic behaviors.
Thermostat for non-equilibrium multiparticle collision dynamics simulations
Chien-Cheng Huang; Anoop Varghese; Gerhard Gompper; Roland G. Winkler
2015-01-23T23:59:59.000Z
Multiparticle collision dynamics (MPC), a particle-based mesoscale simulation technique for com- plex fluid, is widely employed in non-equilibrium simulations of soft matter systems. To maintain a defined thermodynamic state, thermalization of the fluid is often required for certain MPC variants. We investigate the influence of three thermostats on the non-equilibrium properties of a MPC fluid under shear or in Poiseuille flow. In all cases, the local velocities are scaled by a factor, which is either determined via a local simple scaling approach (LSS), a Monte Carlo-like procedure (MCS), or by the Maxwell-Boltzmann distribution of kinetic energy (MBS). We find that the various scal- ing schemes leave the flow profile unchanged and maintain the local temperature well. The fluid viscosities extracted from the various simulations are in close agreement. Moreover, the numerically determined viscosities are in remarkably good agreement with the respective theoretically predicted values. At equilibrium, the calculation of the dynamic structure factor reveals that the MBS method closely resembles an isothermal ensemble, whereas the MCS procedure exhibits signatures of an adi- abatic system at larger collision-time steps. Since the velocity distribution of the LSS approach is non-Gaussian, we recommend to apply the MBS thermostat, which has been shown to produce the correct velocity distribution even under non-equilibrium conditions.
Robustness of Controlled Quantum Dynamics
Andy Koswara; Raj Chakrabarti
2014-09-29T23:59:59.000Z
Control of multi-level quantum systems is sensitive to implementation errors in the control field and uncertainties associated with system Hamiltonian parameters. A small variation in the control field spectrum or the system Hamiltonian can cause an otherwise optimal field to deviate from controlling desired quantum state transitions and reaching a particular objective. An accurate analysis of robustness is thus essential in understanding and achieving model-based quantum control, such as in control of chemical reactions based on ab initio or experimental estimates of the molecular Hamiltonian. In this paper, theoretical foundations for quantum control robustness analysis are presented from both a distributional perspective - in terms of moments of the transition amplitude, interferences, and transition probability - and a worst-case perspective. Based on this theory, analytical expressions and a computationally efficient method for determining the robustness of coherently controlled quantum dynamics are derived. The robustness analysis reveals that there generally exists a set of control pathways that are more resistant to destructive interferences in the presence of control field and system parameter uncertainty. These robust pathways interfere and combine to yield a relatively accurate transition amplitude and high transition probability when uncertainty is present.
Low temperature carrier redistribution dynamics in InGaN/GaN quantum wells
Badcock, T. J., E-mail: Thomas.badcock@crl.toshiba.co.uk; Dawson, P.; Davies, M. J. [School of Physics and Astronomy, Photon Science Institute, Alan Turing Building, University of Manchester, Manchester M13 9PL (United Kingdom); Kappers, M. J.; Massabuau, F. C.-P.; Oehler, F.; Oliver, R. A.; Humphreys, C. J. [Department of Materials Science and Metallurgy, 27 Charles Babbage Road, University of Cambridge, Cambridge CB3 0FS (United Kingdom)
2014-03-21T23:59:59.000Z
We have studied the carrier recombination dynamics in an InGaN/GaN multiple quantum well structure as a function of emission energy and excitation density between temperatures of 10?K and 100?K. Under relatively low levels of excitation, the photoluminescence (PL) intensity and decay time of emission on the high energy side of the luminescence spectrum decrease strongly between 10?K and 50?K. In contrast, for emission detected on the low energy side of the spectrum, the PL intensity and decay time increase over the same temperature range. These results are consistent with a thermally activated carrier redistribution process in which the (temperature dependent) average timescale for carrier transfer into or out of a localised state depends on the energy of the given state. Thus, the transfer time out of shallow, weakly localised states is considerably shorter than the arrival time into more deeply localised states. This picture is consistent with carriers hopping between localisation sites in an uncorrelated disorder potential where the density of localised states decreases with increasing localisation depth, e.g., a exponential or Gaussian distribution resulting from random alloy disorder. Under significantly higher levels of excitation, the increased occupation fraction of the localised states results in a greater average separation distance between unoccupied localised states, causing a suppression of the spectral and dynamic signatures of the hopping transfer of carriers.
Remarkable Features of Decaying Hagedorn States
M. Beitel; K. Gallmeister; C. Greiner
2014-07-02T23:59:59.000Z
Hagedorn states (HS) are a tool to model the hadronization process which occurs in the phase transition phase between the quark gluon plasma (QGP) and the hadron resonance gas (HRG). Their abundance is believed to appear near the Hagedorn temperature $T_H$ which in our understanding equals the critical temperature $T_c$. These hadron-like resonances are characterized by being very massive and by not being limited to quantum numbers of known hadrons. To generate a whole zoo of such new states we solve the covariantly formulated bootstrap equation by regarding energy conservation and conservation of the baryon number $B$, strangeness $S$ and electric charge $Q$. To investigate their decay properties decay chain calculations of HS were conducted. One single (heavy) HS with certain quantum numbers decays by various two-body decay channels subsequently into final stable hadrons. Multiplicities of these stable hadrons, their ratios and their energy distributions are presented. Strikingly the final energy spectra of resulting hadrons show a thermal-like distribution with the characteristic Hagedorn temperature $T_H$. All hadronic properties like masses, spectral functions etc. are taken from the hadronic transport model Ultra Relativistic Quantum Molecular Dynamics (UrQMD).
Creating, distributing and freezing entanglement with spin chains
Irene D'Amico; Brendon W. Lovett; Timothy P. Spiller
2007-03-14T23:59:59.000Z
We show how branching spin chains can be used to both generate and distribute entanglement from their natural dynamics. Such entanglement provides a useful resource, for example for teleportation or distributed quantum processing. Once distributed, this resource can be isolated through mapping or swapping the entanglement into specific qubits at the ends of branches. Alternatively, as we demonstrate for distributed bipartite entanglement, applying simple single-qubit operations to the end spin of one or more branches can dynamically freeze the entanglement at the branch ends.
Symmetries in open quantum dynamics
Thomas F. Jordan
2014-08-20T23:59:59.000Z
Simple examples are used to introduce and examine a Heisenberg picture of symmetries of open quantum dynamics that can be described by unitary operators. When the symmetries are for Hamiltonian dynamics of an entire system, and the spectrum of the Hamiltonian operator has a lower bound, the symmetry operators commute with the Hamiltonian operator. An example shows that symmetry operators need not commute with the Hamiltonian operator when the spectrum of the Hamiltonian does not have a lower bound. There are many more symmetries that are only for the open dynamics of a subsystem and are described by unitary operators that do not commute with the Hamiltonian for the dynamics of the entire system. Examples show how these symmetries alone can reveal properties of the dynamics and reduce what needs to be done to work out the dynamics. A symmetry of the open dynamics of a subsystem can imply properties of the dynamics for the entire system that are not implied by the symmetries of the dynamics of the entire system. The symmetries are generally not related to constants of the motion for the open dynamics of the subsystem. There are symmetries of the open dynamics of a subsystem that depend only on the dynamics. In the simplest examples, these are also symmetries of the dynamics of the entire system. There are many more symmetries, of a new kind, that also depend on correlations, or absence of correlations, between the subsystem and the rest of the entire system, or on the state of the rest of the entire system. Symmetries that depend on correlations generally cannot be seen in the Schr\\"{o}dinger picture as symmetries of dynamical maps of density matrices for the subsystem.
Hele, Timothy J. H.; Willatt, Michael J.; Muolo, Andrea; Althorpe, Stuart C.
2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
drastic than it first appears, is that both CMD and RPMD give qualitatively wrong fluctuation dynamics at barriers. In Matsubara dynamics, some of the distributions in q(?) stretch indefinitely over the barrier top, such that a proportion... , we define CAB(t) without the factor of 1/Z (where Z is the quantum partition function). 9To simplify the algebra, we assume that the system is one-dimensional, and that Aˆ and Bˆ are functions of qˆ. Matsubara dynamics generalizes straightforwardly...
Emergence of equilibrium thermodynamic properties in quantum pure states. I. Theory
Barbara Fresch; Giorgio J. Moro
2010-07-21T23:59:59.000Z
Investigation on foundational aspects of quantum statistical mechanics recently entered a renaissance period due to novel intuitions from quantum information theory and to increasing attention on the dynamical aspects of single quantum systems. In the present contribution a simple but effective theoretical framework is introduced to clarify the connections between a purely mechanical description and the thermodynamic characterization of the equilibrium state of an isolated quantum system. A salient feature of our approach is the very transparent distinction between the statistical aspects and the dynamical aspects in the description of isolated quantum systems. Like in the classical statistical mechanics, the equilibrium distribution of any property is identified on the basis of the time evolution of the considered system. As a consequence equilibrium properties of quantum system appear to depend on the details of the initial state due to the abundance of constants of the motion in the Schr\\"odinger dynamics. On the other hand the study of the probability distributions of some functions, such as the entropy or the equilibrium state of a subsystem, in statistical ensembles of pure states reveals the crucial role of typicality as the bridge between macroscopic thermodynamics and microscopic quantum dynamics. We shall consider two particular ensembles: the random pure state ensemble and the fixed expectation energy ensemble. The relation between the introduced ensembles, the properties of a given isolated system, and the standard quantum statistical description are discussed throughout the presentation. Finally we point out the conditions which should be satisfied by an ensemble in order to get meaningful thermodynamical characterization of an isolated quantum system.
Evidence for structural crossover in the supercritical state
Bolmatov, Dima, E-mail: d.bolmatov@gmail.com, E-mail: db663@cornell.edu [Baker Laboratory, Cornell University, Ithaca, New York 14853-1301 (United States)] [Baker Laboratory, Cornell University, Ithaca, New York 14853-1301 (United States); Brazhkin, V. V.; Ryzhov, V. N. [Institute for High Pressure Physics, RAS 142190, Troitsk, Moscow Region (Russian Federation) [Institute for High Pressure Physics, RAS 142190, Troitsk, Moscow Region (Russian Federation); Moscow Institute of Physics and Technology, 141700 Moscow (Russian Federation); Fomin, Yu. D. [Institute for High Pressure Physics, RAS 142190, Troitsk, Moscow Region (Russian Federation)] [Institute for High Pressure Physics, RAS 142190, Troitsk, Moscow Region (Russian Federation); Trachenko, K. [School of Physics and Astronomy, Queen Mary University of London, Mile End Road, London E1 4NS, UK and South East Physics Network (SEPnet) (United Kingdom)] [School of Physics and Astronomy, Queen Mary University of London, Mile End Road, London E1 4NS, UK and South East Physics Network (SEPnet) (United Kingdom)
2013-12-21T23:59:59.000Z
The state of matter above the critical point is terra incognita, and is loosely discussed as a physically homogeneous flowing state where no differences can be made between a liquid and a gas and where properties undergo no marked or distinct changes with pressure and temperature. In particular, the structure of supercritical state is currently viewed to be the same everywhere on the phase diagram, and to change only gradually and in a featureless way while moving along any temperature and pressure path above the critical point. Here, we demonstrate that this is not the case, but that there is a well-defined structural crossover instead. Evidenced by the qualitative changes of distribution functions of interatomic distances and angles, the crossover demarcates liquid-like and gas-like configurations and the presence of medium-range structural correlations. Importantly, the discovered structural crossover is closely related to both dynamic and thermodynamic crossovers operating in the supercritical state, providing new unexpected fundamental interlinks between the supercritical structure, dynamics, and thermodynamics.
Learning poisson binomial distributions
Daskalakis, Constantinos
We consider a basic problem in unsupervised learning: learning an unknown Poisson Binomial Distribution. A Poisson Binomial Distribution (PBD) over {0,1,...,n} is the distribution of a sum of n independent Bernoulli random ...
Pretzelosity distribution function
H. Avakian; A. V. Efremov; P. Schweitzer; F. Yuan
2008-08-28T23:59:59.000Z
The 'pretzelosity' distribution is discussed. Theoretical properties, model results, and perspectives to access experimental information on this leading twist, transverse momentum dependent parton distribution function are reviewed. Its relation to helicity and transversity distributions is highlighted.
Coal distribution, January--June 1991
Not Available
1991-10-21T23:59:59.000Z
The Coal Distribution report provides information on coal production, distribution, and stocks in the United States to a wide audience including Congress, Federal and State agencies, the coal industry, and the general public. The data in this report are collected and published by the Energy Information Administration (EIA) to fulfill its data collection and dissemination responsibilities as specified in the Federal Energy Administration Act of 1974 (Public Law 93-275, Sections 5 and 13, as amended). This issue presents information for January through June 1991. Coal distribution data are shown (in Tables 1--34) by coal-producing Sate of origin, consumer use, method of transportation, and State of destination. All data in this report were collected by the EIA on Form EIA-6, Coal Distribution Report.'' A copy of the form and the instructions for filing appear in Appendix B. All data in this report for 1991 are preliminary. Data for previous years are final. 6 figs., 34 tabs.
Cooperative Fault Tolerant Distributed Computing
Fagg, Graham E.
2006-03-15T23:59:59.000Z
HARNESS was proposed as a system that combined the best of emerging technologies found in current distributed computing research and commercial products into a very flexible, dynamically adaptable framework that could be used by applications to allow them to evolve and better handle their execution environment. The HARNESS system was designed using the considerable experience from previous projects such as PVM, MPI, IceT and Cumulvs. As such, the system was designed to avoid any of the common problems found with using these current systems, such as no single point of failure, ability to survive machine, node and software failures. Additional features included improved inter-component connectivity, with full support for dynamic down loading of addition components at run-time thus reducing the stress on application developers to build in all the libraries they need in advance.
Biosystem Dynamics & Design | EMSL
Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)
Dynamics & Design Overview Atmospheric Aerosol Systems Biosystem Dynamics & Design Energy Materials & Processes Terrestrial & Subsurface Ecosystems Biosystem Dynamics &...
Parton content of the nucleon from distribution amplitudes and transition distribution amplitudes
B. Pasquini; M. Pincetti; S. Boffi
2009-07-06T23:59:59.000Z
The nucleon distribution amplitudes and the nucleon-to-pion transition distribution amplitudes are investigated at leading twist within the frame of a light-cone quark model. The distribution amplitudes probe the three-quark component of the nucleon light-cone wave function, while higher order components in the Fock-space expansion of the nucleon state are essential to describe the nucleon-to-pion transition distribution amplitudes. Adopting a meson-cloud model of the nucleon the nucleon-to-pion transition distribution amplitudes are calculated for the first time.
___________________________________ 423 The surface dynamic topography ~ __ ____ _______ __ __ 424 Characteristic advection diagrams, surface salinity, and the dynamic topography are described. (2) With the aid of a simplified heat (salt-416 Distribution of the surface temperature 417-422 Distribution of the surface salinity
About Industrial Distributed Energy
Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]
The Advanced Manufacturing Office's (AMO's) Industrial Distributed Energy activities build on the success of predecessor DOE programs on distributed energy and combined heat and power (CHP) while...
Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]
The DOE Systems Integration team funds distribution grid integration research and development (R&D) activities to address the technical issues that surround distribution grid planning,...
Non-equilibrium isothermal transformations in a temperature gradient from a microscopic dynamics
Stefano Olla; Viviana Letizia
2015-05-19T23:59:59.000Z
We consider a chain of anharmonic oscillators immersed in a heat bath with a temperature gradient and a time varying tension applied to one end of the chain while the other side is fixed to a point. We prove that under diffusive space-time rescaling the volume strain distribution of the chain evolves following a non-linear diffusive equation. The stationary states of the dynamics are of non-equilibrium and have a positive entropy production, so the classical relative entropy methods cannot be used. We develop new estimates based on entropic hypocoercivity, that allows to control the distribution of the positions configurations of the chain. The macroscopic limit can be used to model isothermal thermodynamic transformations between non-equilibrium stationary states.
New Mexico State University Payroll Services
Johnson, Eric E.
New Mexico State University Payroll Services Authorization of Payroll Mail Distribution PS will not hold New Mexico State University or its employees resonsible for loss due to normal postal delivery
An Efficiency Measure for Dynamic Networks with
Nagurney, Anna
networks with time-varying traffics. "... traffic over the Internet doubling every 100 days..." (Frances of Other Dynamic Networks Oil & Natural gas network Electricity generation and distributionElectricity generation and distribution network Supply chain network #12;Varying Demand in Global OilVarying Demand
Molecular beam studies of reaction dynamics
Lee, Y.T. [Lawrence Berkeley Laboratory, CA (United States)
1993-12-01T23:59:59.000Z
The major thrust of this research project is to elucidate detailed dynamics of simple elementary reactions that are theoretically important and to unravel the mechanism of complex chemical reactions or photochemical processes that play important roles in many macroscopic processes. Molecular beams of reactants are used to study individual reactive encounters between molecules or to monitor photodissociation events in a collision-free environment. Most of the information is derived from measurement of the product fragment energy, angular, and state distributions. Recent activities are centered on the mechanisms of elementary chemical reactions involving oxygen atoms with unsaturated hydrocarbons, the dynamics of endothermic substitution reactions, the dependence of the chemical reactivity of electronically excited atoms on the alignment of excited orbitals, the primary photochemical processes of polyatomic molecules, intramolecular energy transfer of chemically activated and locally excited molecules, the energetics of free radicals that are important to combustion processes, the infrared-absorption spectra of carbonium ions and hydrated hydronium ions, and bond-selective photodissociation through electric excitation.
Dynamical aspects of isotopic scaling
Veselsky, M
2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
Investigation of the effect of dynamical stage established that the increasing width of initial Gaussian distributions is reflected by significant modification of the slope of final isoscaling plots after de-excitation. For narrow initial Gaussian distributions, the slope of isoscaling plots assumes the limiting value for two individual initial nuclei while for wide initial Gaussian distributions the slope for hot fragments approaches the initial value. The slopes of isoscaling plots for final cold fragments increase due to secondary emission. The experimentally observed evolution of the isoscaling parameter in the multifragmentation of hot quasiprojectiles at 50 AMeV, fragmentation of 86Kr beam at 25 AMeV and multifragmentation of target spectator at relativistic energies was reproduced by the simulation with dynamical stage described using the appropriate model (deep inelastic transfer and incomplete fusion for Fermi energy domain and spectator-participant model for relativistic energies) and de-excitation ...
Thermal noise for quantum state inference
D. Mogilevtsev; V. S. Shchesnovich; N. Korolkova
2013-02-15T23:59:59.000Z
In this work we describe a simple and efficient scheme for inference of photon number distribution by adding variable thermal noise to the signal. The inference remains feasible even if the scheme parameters are subject to random dynamical change.
Dynamic Response Of Complex Materials Under Shock Loading
Arman, Bedri
2012-10-19T23:59:59.000Z
We investigated dynamic response of Cu46Zr54 metallic glass under adiabatic planar shock wave loading (one-dimensional strain) with molecular dynamics simulations, including Hugoniot (shock) states, shock-induced plasticity, and spallation...
Comparative Dynamics of Leucine Methyl Groups in FMOC-Leucine...
Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)
Dynamics of Leucine Methyl Groups in FMOC-Leucine and in a ProteinHydrophobic Core Probed by Solid-State Deuteron Comparative Dynamics of Leucine Methyl Groups in FMOC-Leucine and...
On Optimal Distributed Output-Feedback Control over Acyclic Graphs
Gattami, Ather
2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
In this paper, we consider the problem of distributed optimal control of linear dynamical systems with a quadratic cost criterion. We study the case of output feedback control for two interconnected dynamical systems, and show that the linear optimal solution can be obtained from a combination of two uncoupled Riccati equations and two coupled Riccati equations.
Introduction to Distributed Systems
Pous, Damien
1 Introduction to Distributed Systems Fabienne Boyer, LIG, fabienne.boyer@inria.fr Sources: Cours d'Olivier Gruber, Sacha Krakowiak, Sara Bouchenak, UJF Fabienne Boyer, Distributed Programming 2 Objectives Study conceptual and practical aspects of distributed systems l Client-server model l Distributed protocols l
Longitudinal Dynamics and Tomography in the Tevatron
DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)
Stogin, J [Princeton U.; Sen, T [Fermilab; Moore, R S [Fermilab
2012-01-10T23:59:59.000Z
Motivated by the desire to understand the longitudinal effects of beam-beam forces, we study the longitudinal dynamics of protons and anti-protons at injection and top energy in the Tevatron. Multi-turn data of the longitudinal profiles are captured to reveal information about frequencies of oscillation, and changes in the bunch distributions. Tomographic reconstruction is used to create phase space maps which are subsequently used to find the momentum distributions. Changes in these distributions for both proton and anti-proton beams are also followed through the operational cycle. We report on the details of interesting dynamics and some unexpected findings.
Water-Peptide Dynamics during Conformational Transitions Dmitry Nerukh*,
Nerukh, Dmitry
Water-Peptide Dynamics during Conformational Transitions Dmitry Nerukh*, and Sergey Karabasov are investigated using classical molecular dynamics simulation with explicit water molecules. The distribution of the surrounding water at different moments before the transitions and the dynamical correlations of water
Dynamics of generalized tachyon field
Rong-Jia Yang; Jingzhao Qi
2012-08-06T23:59:59.000Z
We investigate the dynamics of generalized tachyon field in FRW spacetime. We obtain the autonomous dynamical system for the general case. Because the general autonomous dynamical system cannot be solved analytically, we discuss two cases in detail: $\\beta=1$ and $\\beta=2$. We find the critical points and study their stability. At these critical points, we also consider the stability of the generalized tachyon field, which is as important as the stability of critical points. The possible final states of the universe are discussed.
Distributed Wind Energy in Idaho
Gardner, John; Ferguson, James; Ahmed-Zaid, Said; Johnson, Kathryn; Haynes, Todd; Bennett, Keith
2009-01-31T23:59:59.000Z
Project Objective: This project is a research and development program aimed at furthering distributed wind technology. In particular, this project addresses some of the barriers to distributed wind energy utilization in Idaho. Background: At its core, the technological challenge inherent in Wind Energy is the transformation of a highly variable form of energy to one which is compatible with the commercial power grid or another useful application. A major economic barrier to the success of distributed wind technology is the relatively high capital investment (and related long payback periods) associated with wind turbines. This project will carry out fundamental research and technology development to address both the technological and economic barriers. Ã¢Â?Â¢ Active drive train control holds the potential to improve the overall efficiency of a turbine system by allowing variable speed turbine operation while ensuring a tight control of generator shaft speed, thus greatly simplifying power conditioning. Ã¢Â?Â¢ Recent blade aerodynamic advancements have been focused on large, utility-scale wind turbine generators (WTGs) as opposed to smaller WTGs designed for distributed generation. Because of Reynolds Number considerations, blade designs do not scale well. Blades which are aerodynamically optimized for distributed-scale WTGs can potentially reduce the cost of electricity by increasing shaft-torque in a given wind speed. Ã¢Â?Â¢ Grid-connected electric generators typically operate at a fixed speed. If a generator were able to economically operate at multiple speeds, it could potentially convert more of the windÃ¢Â?Â?s energy to electricity, thus reducing the cost of electricity. This research directly supports the stated goal of the Wind and Hydropower Technologies Program for Distributed Wind Energy Technology: By 2007, reduce the cost of electricity from distributed wind systems to 10 to 15 cents/kWh in Class 3 wind resources, the same level that is currently achievable in Class 5 winds.
Michael Vogel
2007-10-30T23:59:59.000Z
Performing molecular dynamics simulations for all-atom models, we characterize the conformational and structural relaxations of poly(ethylene oxide) and poly(propylene oxide) melts. The temperature dependence of these relaxation processes deviates from an Arrhenius law for both polymers. We demonstrate that mode-coupling theory captures some aspects of the glassy slowdown, but it does not enable a complete explanation of the dynamical behavior. When the temperature is decreased, spatially heterogeneous and cooperative translational dynamics are found to become more important for the structural relaxation. Moreover, the transitions between the conformational states cease to obey Poisson statistics. In particular, we show that, at sufficiently low temperatures, correlated forward-backward motion is an important aspect of the conformational relaxation, leading to strongly nonexponential distributions for the waiting times of the dihedrals in the various conformational states
A Smart Energy System: Distributed Resource Management, Control and Optimization
Beigl, Michael
A Smart Energy System: Distributed Resource Management, Control and Optimization Yong Ding, Student of distributed energy resource and consumption management, which proposes to design a networked and embedded platform for realizing a dynamic energy mix and optimizing the energy consumption dy- namically. Based
On Correlated Availability in Internet-Distributed Systems Derrick Kondo
Boyer, Edmond
On Correlated Availability in Internet-Distributed Systems Derrick Kondo INRIA, France dkondo measure and characterize the time dynamics of availability in a large-scale Internet- distributed system with over 110,000 hosts. Our char- acterization focuses on identifying patterns of corre- lated availability
The synchrotron boiler and the spectral states of black hole binaries
Malzac, Julien
2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
We study the effects of synchrotron self-absorption on the Comptonising electron distribution in the magnetised corona of accreting black holes. We solve the kinetic equations assuming that power is supplied to the coronal electrons through Coulomb collisions with a population of hot protons and/or through the injection of non-thermal energetic electrons by some unspecified acceleration process. We compute numerically the steady state particle distributions and escaping photon spectra. These numerical simulations confirm that synchrotron self-absorption, together with e-e Coulomb collisions, constitute an efficient thermalising mechanism for the coronal electrons. When compared to the data, they allow us to constrain the magnetic field and temperature of the hot protons in the corona independently of any dynamical accretion flow model or geometry. A preliminary comparison with the Low Hard State (LHS) spectrum of Cygnus X-1 indicates a magnetic field below equipartition with radiation, suggesting that the cor...
Stouffer, Phil
in the eastern United States and northeastern Mexico using data from 2,077 specimens collected in winter más grandes, ni datos climáticos multianuales ni el clima del mes y año en que las aves fueron colecta Marzo, se enfrentaron a climas más fríos que las hembras sedentarias. Al invernar más al norte y migrar
Zeghib, Abdelghani
Introduction Results Linear Dynamics Lorentz Dynamics Actions of discrete groups on stationary Piccione) Geodeycos Meeting, Lyon, 28-30 April 2010 Abdelghani Zeghib Dynamics on Lorentz manifolds #12;Introduction Results Linear Dynamics Lorentz Dynamics Motivations and questions Examples 1 Introduction
Reaction Dynamics and Multifragmentation in Fermi Energy Heavy Ion Reactions
R. Wada; T. Keutgen; K. Hagel; Y. G. Ma; J. Wang; M. Murray; L. Qin; P. Smith; J. B. Natowitz; R. Alfarro; J. Cibor; M. Cinausero; Y. El Masri; D. Fabris; E. Fioretto; A. Keksis; M. Lunardon; A. Makeev; N. Marie; E. Martin; A. Martinez-Davalos; A. Menchaca-Rocha; G. Nebbia; G. Prete; V. Rizzi; A. Ruangma; D. V. Shetty; G. Souliotis; P. Staszel; M. Veselsky; G. Viesti; E. M. Winchester; S. J. Yennello; Z. Majka; A. Ono
2003-08-27T23:59:59.000Z
The reaction systems, 64Zn + 58Ni, 64Zn + 92Mo, 64Zn + 197Au, at 26A, 35A and 47A MeV, have been studied both in experiments with a 4$\\pi$ detector array, NIMROD, and with Antisymmetrized Molecular Dynamics model calculations employing effective interactions corresponding to soft and stiff equations of state (EOS). Direct experimental observables, such as multiplicity distributions, charge distributions, energy spectra and velocity spectra, have been compared in detail with those of the calculations and a reasonable agreement is obtained. The velocity distributions of $\\alpha$ particles and fragments with Z >= 3 show distinct differences in calculations with the soft EOS and the stiff EOS. The velocity distributions of $\\alpha$ particle and Intermediate Mass Fragments (IMF's) are best described by the stiff EOS. Neither of the above direct observables nor the strength of the elliptic flow are sensitive to changes in the in-medium nucleon-nucleon (NN) cross sections. A detailed analysis of the central collision events calculated with the stiff EOS revealed that multifragmentation with cold fragment emission is a common feature predicted for all reactions studied here. A possible multifragmentation scenario is presented; after the preequilibrium emission ceases in the composite system, cold light fragments are formed in a hotter gas of nucleons and stay cold until the composite system underdoes multifragmentation. For reaction with 197Au at 47A MeV a significant radial expansion takes place. For reactions with 58Ni and 92Mo at 47A MeV semi-transparency becomes prominent. The differing reaction dynamics drastically change the kinematic characteristics of emitted fragments. This scenario gives consistent explanations for many existing experimental results in the Fermi energy domain.
Zare, Richard N.
. The photolysis of HI at 212.8 nm initiates the H D2 reaction. The HD v 4, J 3 velocity distribution is determined resonance VSDR ,16 velocity-aligned photo- fragment dynamics,17 and photoinitiated bulb reactions.22 It hasMeasurement of the state-specific differential cross section for the H D2~HD(v 4, J 3) D reaction