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Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "distillate price monitoring" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


1

INTERIM VALIDATION REPORT MIDDLE DISTILLATE PRICE MONITORING SYSTEM  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

GLOSSARY. • . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .for LBL by EIA staff. V. GLOSSARY "Middle distillate" means

Hopelain, D.G.

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

2

Spot Distillate & Crude Oil Prices  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Retail distillate prices follow the spot distillate markets, and crude oil prices have been the main driver behind distillate spot price increases until recently.

3

INTERIM VALIDATION REPORT MIDDLE DISTILLATE PRICE MONITORING SYSTEM  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

a. Prices . GrossSr:arisEI~"Reta:fl-prices --2o-. -Bureau and- rndexes ofof Labor Statistics, "Retail Prices and Indexes of Fuels and

Hopelain, D.G.

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

4

INTERIM VALIDATION REPORT MIDDLE DISTILLATE PRICE MONITORING SYSTEM  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

1977-1978 HEATING OIL PRICES II-1 II-3 II-3 Wholesale PricesI-7 ANALYSIS 01:' Hm1E HEATING OIL PRICES FOR THE 1977-1978regarding No. 2 heating oil price data for the 1977-1978

Hopelain, D.G.

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

5

INTERIM VALIDATION REPORT MIDDLE DISTILLATE PRICE MONITORING SYSTEM  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Distilbtes from Mandatory Petroleum Allocations and PriceCharacteristics of Petroleum Marketers Profit Analysis . . .July 21, 1977). Emergency Petroleum Allocation Act of-r97r-(

Hopelain, D.G.

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

6

INTERIM VALIDATION REPORT MIDDLE DISTILLATE PRICE MONITORING SYSTEM  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

on the price of home heating oil may also be obtained byincluding kerosene, home heating oil, range oil, stove oil,to most marketers of home heating oil. Consequently, during

Hopelain, D.G.

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

7

INTERIM VALIDATION REPORT MIDDLE DISTILLATE PRICE MONITORING SYSTEM  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

an overall scheme of crude oil price regulation that met thethe com- putation of crude oil cost increases to refiners.=Average per unit cost of. crude oil pur- chased by the i"'

Hopelain, D.G.

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

8

INTERIM VALIDATION REPORT MIDDLE DISTILLATE PRICE MONITORING SYSTEM  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

regulations establish artificially low price ceilings for natural gasnatural gas, which is held at artificially low levels by Federal and state regulations.natural gas and electricity, for reasons unrelated to those cited above. Present government regulations

Hopelain, D.G.

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

9

Middle distillate price monitoring system. Interim validation report. [No. 2 heating oil  

SciTech Connect

The Middle Distillate Price Monitoring System collects data on prices and gross margins for No. 2 heating oil from a sample of refiners, resellers, and retailers. The data is used to evaluate the level of competition and the reasonableness of prices in the heating oil market. It is concluded that the data does not provide a basis for determining whether a market is competitive, and that there is serious doubt as to the accuracy of the information collected by the system. Some recommendations are given for improving the quality of the information. (DLC)

Hopelain, D.G.; Freedman, D.; Rice, T.H.; Veitch, J.G.; Finlay, A.

1978-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

10

INTERIM VALIDATION REPORT MIDDLE DISTILLATE PRICE MONITORING SYSTEM  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

used significant quantities of heating oil. Monitoring ofis the growing quantity of foreign oil which must beheating oil production to whole- salers in bulk quantities.

Hopelain, D.G.

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

11

Distillate Prices Increasing With Crude Oil  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

8 Notes: This slide shows the strong influence crude oil prices have on retail distillate prices. Distillate tracks the crude price increases seen in 1996 and the subsequent fall...

12

Distillate and Spot Crude Oil Prices  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

5 5 Notes: This slide shows the strong influence crude oil prices have on retail distillate prices. The price for distillate fuel oil tracks the crude price increases seen in 1996 and the subsequent fall in 1997 and 1998. Distillate prices have also followed crude oil prices up since the beginning of 1999. Actual data show heating oil prices on the East Coast in June at $1.20 per gallon, up 39 cents over last June. However, if heating oil prices are following diesel, they may be up another 5 cents in August. That would put heating oil prices about 40 cents over last August prices. Crude oil prices are only up about 25 cents in August over year ago levels. The extra 15 cents represents improved refiner margins due in part to the very low distillate inventory level.

13

Spot Distillate & Crude Oil Prices  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

5 5 Notes: Retail distillate prices follow the spot distillate markets, and crude oil prices have been the main driver behind distillate spot price increases until recently. Crude oil rose about 36 cents per gallon from its low point in mid February 1999 to the middle of January 2000. Over this same time period, New York Harbor spot heating oil had risen about 42 cents per gallon, reflecting both the crude price rise and a return to a more usual seasonal spread over the price of crude oil. The week ending January 21, heating oil spot prices in the Northeast spiked dramatically to record levels, closing on Friday at $1.26 per gallon -- up 50 cents from the prior week. Gulf Coast prices were not spiking, but were probably pulled slightly higher as the New York Harbor market began to

14

Distillate in Depth – The Supply, Demand, and Price Picture  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Distillate in Depth – The Supply, Demand, and Price Picture John Hackworth Joanne Shore Energy Information Administration ... In Response to Price, ...

15

Distillate and Crude Oil Price  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

fuel and residential heating oil prices on the East Coast is being driven by higher crude oil prices than last year and higher spreads. Crude oil is projected to average almost...

16

Low Distillate Stocks Set Stage for Price Volatility  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

This distillate price spike is a classic response to a local supply and demand imbalance that began as a result of low distillate stocks. Low distillate stocks in the ...

17

Spot Distillate & Crude Oil Prices  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

mid-January, 2000. WTI crude oil price rose about $17 per mid-January, 2000. WTI crude oil price rose about $17 per barrel or 40 cents per gallon from its low point in mid February 1999 to January 17, 2000. Over this same time period, New York Harbor spot heating oil had risen about 42 cents per gallon, reflecting both the crude price rise and the beginning of a return to a more usual seasonal spread over the price of crude oil. The week ending January 21, distillate spot prices in the Northeast spiked dramatically to record levels, closing on Friday at $1.26 per gallon -- up 50 cents from the prior week. Gulf Coast prices were not spiking, but were probably pulled higher as the New York Harbor market began to draw on product from other areas. They closed at 83 cents per gallon, an increase of 11 cents from the prior Friday. Crude oil had risen about 4 cents from

18

Low Distillate Stocks Set Stage for Price Volatility  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Along with the recent rise in crude oil prices, low stocks of Along with the recent rise in crude oil prices, low stocks of distillate fuels left markets in a vulnerable position. As we went into our two biggest distillate demand months, January and February, U.S. distillate stocks were very low -- particularly on the East and Gulf Coasts. The East Coast is the primary heating oil region, and it depends heavily on production from the Gulf Coast as well. Distillate stocks in the U.S. and Europe were in surplus supply as recently as October, but distillate stocks did not build as they usually do during the late fall, and declined more sharply than usual in December. December stocks closed well below the normal range. The unusual drawdown, in contrast to the more normal building pattern, resulted in distillate inventory levels about 3 million barrels lower than the very low

19

First Factor Impacting Distillate Prices: Crude Oil Prices  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

8 8 Notes: World oil prices have tripled from their low point in December 1998 to August this year, pulling product prices up as well. But crude prices are expected to show a gradual decline as increased oil production from OPEC and others enters the world oil market. We won't likely see much decline this year, however, as prices are expected to end the year at about $30 per barrel. The average price of WTI was almost $30 per barrel in March, but dropped to $26 in April as the market responded to the additional OPEC production. However, prices strengthened again, averaging almost $32 in June, $30 in July, and $31 in August. The continued increases in crude oil prices indicate buyers are having trouble finding crude oil, bidding higher prices to obtain the barrels available.

20

Second Price Component: Spread Impacted by Distillate Supply/Demand Balance  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

8 8 Notes: While crude oil prices will be a major factor impacting distillate prices this winter, another important factor is the U.S. distillate supply/demand balance, as measured by distillate stocks. The distillate supply/demand balance influences the spread between spot distillate and spot crude oil prices. For example, when stocks are higher than normal, the spread will be lower than usual. This spread is the price incentive that encourages or discourages changes in supply. While high stocks in the distillate market are good news for consumers, an excess is bad news for refiners. Distillate spreads during the winter of 1998-99 and throughout most of 1999 were well below average. Distillate stocks were very high during this period, partially as a result of warm weather keeping demand down.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "distillate price monitoring" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


21

Distillate Fuel Oil Imports Could Be Available - For A Price  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

4 4 Notes: So it wasn't demand and production explains only part of the reason we got through last winter with enough stocks. The mystery is solved when you look at net imports of distillate fuel last winter. As we found out, while imports are a small contributor to supply, they are sometimes crucial. Last winter, imports were the main source of supply increase following the price spike. Previous record levels were shattered as imports came pouring into the country. The fact that Europe was enjoying a warmer-than-normal winter also encouraged exports to the United States. It was massive amounts of imports, particularly from Russia, that helped us get through last winter in as good a shape as we did. Imports are expected to be relatively normal this winter. Added imports

22

Distillate in Depth - The Supply, Demand, and Price Picture  

Reports and Publications (EIA)

The presentation provides background on distillate supply and demand, and then focuses on how hurricanes Katrina and Rita impact on refining capacity might affect winter fuels.

Information Center

2005-10-12T23:59:59.000Z

23

No. 2 Distillate Prices - Residential - U.S. Energy ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

District of Columbia-----1983-2013: Maryland-----1983-2013: New Jersey----- ... such as spot prices and heating degree days. For all other data, ...

24

Spot Distillate & Crude Oil Prices - U.S. Energy Information ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

WTI crude oil price rose about $17 per barrel or 40 cents per gallon from its low point in mid ... New York Harbor spot heating oil had risen about 42 cents ...

25

Low Distillate Stocks Set Stage for Price Volatility  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

areas for a time, requiring unusual movement of stock from other areas. As buyers search for product, they bid prices up rapidly, which attracts product, but the time lag can...

26

U.S. Distillate Market  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Market Regional Residential Heating Oil Prices Retail Diesel Fuel Oil Prices Crude Oil Price Cycles Spot Distillate & Crude Oil Prices.(Prices through March 3, 2000) Low...

27

Winter Distillate and Natural Gas Outlook  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Table of Contents. Winter Distillate and Natural Gas Outlook. Distillate Prices Increasing With Crude Oil. Distillate Outlook. When Will Crude Oil Prices Fall?

28

INTERIM VALIDATION REPORT MIDDLE DISTILLATE PRICE MONITORING SYSTEM  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

commod- the offices of Exxon ~~5T--s~::~o ~8~~~· Systems> Review items covered in Exxon, telex DWllPtion data. datedLab- the offices of Exxon Corp. , .l251 Department of

Hopelain, D.G.

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

29

INTERIM VALIDATION REPORT MIDDLE DISTILLATE PRICE MONITORING SYSTEM  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

the purposes of financial statements prepared in accordancefor purposes of financial statements prepared in accordancoentity for purposes of financial statements prepared in

Hopelain, D.G.

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

30

INTERIM VALIDATION REPORT MIDDLE DISTILLATE PRICE MONITORING SYSTEM  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Oil Marketing Corunittee White Paper Examination of the "Advisory Committee. "White Paper on the Competitiveinformation included in the White Paper were: (a) relative

Hopelain, D.G.

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

31

INTERIM VALIDATION REPORT MIDDLE DISTILLATE PRICE MONITORING SYSTEM  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

com- putation of crude oil cost increases to refiners. 41increas_ed___________ crude oil costs accumulated up to theformula so that crude oil costs will be calculated with a

Hopelain, D.G.

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

32

INTERIM VALIDATION REPORT MIDDLE DISTILLATE PRICE MONITORING SYSTEM  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

in FEA's "Monthly Energy Review," "Monthly PetroleumEIA 0031). Monthly Energy Review. (EIA 0035) MonthlyEIA-0031) e Monthly Energy Review (EIA 0035) Monthly

Hopelain, D.G.

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

33

Table A3. Refiner/Reseller Prices of Distillate and Residual...  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Fuel Oils, by PAD District, 1983-Present (Cents per Gallon Excluding Taxes) Geographic Area Year No. 1 Distillate No. 2 Distillate a No. 4 Fuel b Residual Fuel Oil Sales to End...

34

Pricing Discretely Monitored Asian Options by Maturity Randomization  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We present a new methodology based on maturity randomization to price discretely monitored arithmetic Asian options when the underlying asset evolves according to a generic Lévy process. Our randomization technique considers the option expiry ... Keywords: Asian option, Lévy process, discrete monitoring, fast Fourier transform, integral equation, option pricing, quadrature formula

Gianluca Fusai; Daniele Marazzina; Marina Marena

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

35

Crude Oil and Gasoline Price Monitoring  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

What drives crude oil prices? What drives crude oil prices? November 13, 2013 | Washington, DC An analysis of 7 factors that influence oil markets, with chart data updated monthly and quarterly Crude oil prices react to a variety of geopolitical and economic events November 13, 2013 2 price per barrel (real 2010 dollars, quarterly average) Low spare capacity Iraq invades Kuwait Saudis abandon swing producer role Iran-Iraq War Iranian revolution Arab Oil Embargo Asian financial crisis U.S. spare capacity exhausted Global financial collapse 9-11 attacks OPEC cuts targets 1.7 mmbpd OPEC cuts targets 4.2 mmbpd Sources: U.S. Energy Information Administration, Thomson Reuters 0 20 40 60 80 100 120 140 1970 1975 1980 1985 1990 1995 2000 2005 2010 imported refiner acquisition cost of crude oil

36

Winter Distillate  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

5 5 Notes: Throughout the summer, gasoline prices have drawn most of the public's attention, but EIA has been concerned over winter heating fuels as well. q Distillate inventories are likely to begin the winter heating season at low levels, which increases the chances of price volatility such as that seen last winter. q Natural gas does not look much better. q Winter Distillate http://www.eia.doe.gov/pub/oil_gas/petroleum/presentati...00/winter_distillate_and_natural_gas_outlook/sld001.htm [8/10/2000 4:35:57 PM] Slide 2 of 25 Notes: Residential heating oil prices on the East Coast (PADD 1) were 39 cents per gallon higher this June than last year (120 v 81 cents per gallon). As many of you already know, the increase is due mainly to increased crude oil prices.

37

PPMCSA Presentation on Winter Distillate Outlook  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

PPMCSA Presentation on Winter Distillate Outlook PPMCSA Presentation on Winter Distillate Outlook 09/15/2000 Click here to start Table of Contents Winter Distillate Outlook Distillate Prices Increasing With Crude Oil Factors Driving Prices & Forecast First Factor Impacting Distillate Prices: Crude Oil Prices High Crude Prices Go With Low Inventories Second Price Component: Spread Impacted by Distillate Supply/Demand Balance Distillate Stocks are Low – Especially on the East Coast Distillate Stocks Are Important Part of East Coast Winter Supply Winter Demand Impacted by Weather Warm Winters Held Heating Oil Demand Down While Diesel Grew Distillate Demand Strong in December 1999 Dec 1999 & Jan 2000 Production Fell, But Rebounded with Price Higher Yields Can Be Achieved Unusual Net Imports May Only Be Available at a High Price

38

U.S. Distillate Market  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Are Important Part of Northeast Winter Supply Distillate Imports Surged to Meet SupplyDemand Imbalance Forecast U.S. Distillate Stocks Forecast Prices (U.S. Monthly Average)...

39

Distillate Demand Strong Last Winter  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

4 Notes: Well, distillate fuel demand wasn't the reason that stocks increased in January 2001 and kept prices from going higher. As you will hear shortly, natural gas prices spiked...

40

Original article: Using the continuous price as control variate for discretely monitored options  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Variance reduction is of highest importance in financial simulation. In this study, we present a new and simple variance reduction technique for pricing discretely monitored lookback and barrier options. It is based on using the corresponding continuously ... Keywords: Control variate, Option pricing, Path dependent options, Variance reduction

Kemal Dinçer Dingeç; Wolfgang Hörmann

2011-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "distillate price monitoring" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


41

U.S. Distillate Market  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

diesel and heating fuel prices diesel and heating fuel prices surged. The largest increases occurred in the distillate-based fuels (heating oil and diesel) in the Northeast. The main factors driving up these prices were low stocks leading into January, followed by a bout of severe weather that impacted both supply and demand. Warmer weather and the arrival of new supply, mainly imports, relieved the supply/demand imbalance and brought prices back down. The spike is now behind us, but high crude prices are keeping prices above year-ago levels. The low stock situation that set the stage for the distillate price spike was not unique to the United States, Low stocks exist worldwide and are not limited to distillate. The low stock situation stems from what is happening in the crude oil markets. A crude oil supply shortage drove crude

42

Prices  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Information AdministrationPetroleum Marketing Annual 1998 Table 31. Motor Gasoline Prices by Grade, Sales Type, PAD District, and State (Cents per Gallon Excluding Taxes) -...

43

Prices  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Information AdministrationPetroleum Marketing Annual 2001 Table 31. Motor Gasoline Prices by Grade, Sales Type, PAD District, and State (Cents per Gallon Excluding Taxes) -...

44

Prices  

Annual Energy Outlook 2012 (EIA)

Information AdministrationPetroleum Marketing Annual 1999 Table 31. Motor Gasoline Prices by Grade, Sales Type, PAD District, and State (Cents per Gallon Excluding Taxes) -...

45

U.S. Distillate Market Testimony  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

5 Notes: The Northeast distillate market is experiencing some difficulties that are being reflected in prices. Residential heating oil prices on January 24 were up 35-60 cents per...

46

U.S. Distillate Inventory Outlook  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

These low inventories will put upward pressure on distillate fuel prices and set the stage for price sun-ups should there be an extended period of cold weather or a ...

47

Catalytic Distillation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Catalytic Distillation' refers to a chemical process which performs both a catalyzed reaction and primary fractionation of the reaction components simultaneously. A structured catalyst which also is an effective distillation component has been patented by Chemical Research & Licensing Co., Houston, Texas, and developed in a joint venture with Neochem Corp., Houston, Texas, and the Department of Energy. The catalytic distillation packing has been commercially demonstrated successfully with nearly three years continuous service for an acid catalyzed reaction in a carbon steel distillation tower.

Smith, L. A., Jr.; Hearn, D.; Wynegar, D. P.

1984-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

48

No. 2 Distillate Prices - Residential  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

592 3.219 2.386 2.798 - - 1978-2012 592 3.219 2.386 2.798 - - 1978-2012 East Coast (PADD 1) 2.593 3.223 2.412 2.829 - - 1983-2012 New England (PADD 1A) 2.584 3.206 2.412 2.804 - - 1983-2012 Connecticut 2.615 3.195 2.487 2.835 - - 1978-2012 Maine 2.540 3.199 2.382 2.639 - - 1978-2012 Massachusetts 2.576 3.197 2.358 2.850 - - 1978-2012 New Hampshire 2.535 3.207 2.377 2.680 - - 1978-2012 Rhode Island 2.602 3.210 2.376 2.927 - - 1978-2012 Vermont 2.679 3.323 2.593 2.795 - - 1978-2012 Central Atlantic (PADD 1B) 2.623 3.243 2.430 2.878 - - 1983-2012 Delaware 2.584 3.187 2.421 2.951 - - 1978-2012 District of Columbia W W W W - - 1978-2012 Maryland 2.668 3.273 2.473 2.925 - - 1978-2012 New Jersey 2.664 3.267 2.404 2.973 - - 1978-2012

49

No. 2 Distillate Prices - Industrial  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

31 3.206 1.914 2.409 - - 1983-2012 31 3.206 1.914 2.409 - - 1983-2012 East Coast (PADD 1) 2.213 3.191 1.967 2.380 - - 1983-2012 New England (PADD 1A) 2.344 3.173 2.029 2.381 - - 1983-2012 Connecticut 2.289 3.101 1.976 2.400 - - 1983-2012 Maine 2.332 3.151 2.017 2.452 - - 1983-2012 Massachusetts 2.329 3.248 1.985 NA - - 1983-2012 New Hampshire 2.551 3.251 2.117 2.482 - - 1983-2012 Rhode Island 2.385 3.232 2.020 2.559 - - 1983-2012 Vermont 2.426 3.142 2.182 2.492 - - 1983-2012 Central Atlantic (PADD 1B) 2.299 3.186 1.921 2.380 - - 1983-2012 Delaware 2.304 3.183 1.964 2.344 - - 1983-2012 District of Columbia W W W W - - 1983-2012 Maryland 2.184 3.083 1.835 2.287 - - 1983-2012 New Jersey 2.257 3.145 1.916 2.315 - - 1983-2012

50

Spot Distillate & Crude Oil Prices  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

recently. Crude oil rose about 17 per barrel or 40 cents per gallon from the beginning of the latest "up cycle" in mid February 1999 to mid-January, 2000. Over this same time...

51

Product Price Volatility - Energy Information Administration  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Product Price Volatility-This Year and in the Future. Crude Oil -- Continued tight balance leaves world on thin edge Distillate Winter Price Retrospective – Why a ...

52

Vacuum Distillation  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Day) Process: Vacuum Distillation Thermal Cracking Thermal Cracking: Coking Thermal Cracking: Delayed Coking Thermal Cracking: Fluid Coking Thermal Cracking: Visbreaking Thermal...

53

Natural Gas Price Uncertainty: Establishing Price Floors  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This report presents the results of comprehensive calculations of ceiling and floor prices for natural gas. Ceiling prices are set by the price levels at which it is more economic to switch from natural gas to residual fuel oil in steam units and to distillate in combined cycle units. Switching to distillate is very rare, whereas switching to fuel oil is quite common, varying between winter and summer and increasing when natural gas prices are high or oil prices low. Monthly fuel use was examined for 89 ...

2007-01-11T23:59:59.000Z

54

April 2012 sets U.S. monthly record for distillate net exports ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

In response to global demand growth, wholesale prices for distillate fuels have generally been high in recent years compared to prices for other fuels.

55

U.S. Distillate Market  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

U.S. diesel and heating fuel U.S. diesel and heating fuel prices surged. The largest increases occurred in the distillate-based fuels (heating oil and diesel) in the Northeast. From January 17, New England residential heating oil prices rose over 78 cents per gallon to average $1.97 February 7; diesel increased 68 cents per gallon, averaging $2.12 February 7. Prices for both fuels began to fall back by February 14 as new supplies were arriving, and have continued to decline since. The main factors driving up these prices were low stocks leading into January, followed by a bout of severe weather that impacted both supply and demand. Demand: Cold weather increases core heating customer demand. In addition, it was reported that utilities were buying distillate both for peaking power and, along with industrial and commercial users, to

56

All Price Tables.vp  

Annual Energy Outlook 2012 (EIA)

Sector Energy Price Estimates, 2011 (Dollars per Million Btu) State Primary Energy Retail Electricity Total Energy Coal Natural Gas Petroleum Total Aviation Gasoline a Distillate...

57

Distillate Supply/Demand Balance Reflected in Spreads  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

4 4 Notes: The price spike that initiated the flood of distillate imports last winter can be easily seen in this chart. The distillate supply/demand balance influences the spread between spot distillate and spot crude oil prices. For example, when stocks are higher than normal, the spread will be lower than usual. This spread is the price incentive that encourages or discourages changes in supply. The January/February 2000 price spike was shorter than the one last winter, largely due to the timing. Since last winter's price spike occurred early in the season, it took some time before prices receded substantially. Currently, the distillate fuel refining spread (the difference between the spot heating oil price and the WTI price) is more "typical". But as was

58

Price of Motor Gasoline Through Retail Outlets  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Prices, Sales Volumes & Stocks by State Prices, Sales Volumes & Stocks by State (Dollars per Gallon Excluding Taxes) Data Series: Retail Price - Motor Gasoline Retail Price - Regular Gasoline Retail Price - Midgrade Gasoline Retail Price - Premium Gasoline Retail Price - Aviation Gasoline Retail Price - Kerosene-Type Jet Fuel Retail Price - Propane Retail Price - Kerosene Retail Price - No. 1 Distillate Retail Price - No. 2 Distillate Retail Price - No. 2 Fuel Oil Retail Price - No. 2 Diesel Fuel Retail Price - No. 4 Fuel Oil Prime Supplier Sales - Motor Gasoline Prime Supplier Sales - Regular Gasoline Prime Supplier Sales - Midgrade Gasoline Prime Supplier Sales - Premium Gasoline Prime Supplier Sales - Aviation Gasoline Prime Supplier Sales - Kerosene-Type Jet Fuel Prime Supplier Sales - Propane (Consumer Grade) Prime Supplier Sales - Kerosene Prime Supplier Sales - No. 1 Distillate Prime Supplier Sales - No. 2 Distillate Prime Supplier Sales - No. 2 Fuel Oil Prime Supplier Sales - No. 2 Diesel Fuel Prime Supplier Sales - No. 4 Fuel Oil Prime Supplier Sales - Residual Fuel Oil Stocks - Finished Motor Gasoline Stocks - Reformulated Gasoline Stocks - Conventional Gasoline Stocks - Motor Gasoline Blending Components Stocks - Kerosene Stocks - Distillate Fuel Oil Stocks - Distillate F.O., 15 ppm and under Sulfur Stocks - Distillate F.O., Greater than 15 to 500 ppm Sulfur Stocks - Distillate F.O., Greater 500 ppm Sulfur Stocks - Residual Fuel Oil Stocks - Propane/Propylene Period: Monthly Annual

59

U.S. Distillate Market  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Slide 1 of 11 Notes: During the second half of January, diesel and heating fuel prices surged. The largest increases occurred in the distillate-based fuels (heating oil and diesel) in the Northeast. From January 17, New England residential heating oil prices rose over 78 cents per gallon to average $1.97 February 7; diesel increased 68 cents per gallon, averaging $2.12 February 7, but fell back to $1.93 by February 14 as new supplies are arriving. The main factors driving up these prices were low stocks leading into January, followed by a bout of severe weather that impacted both supply and demand. Demand: Cold weather increases core heating customer demand. In addition, it was reported that utilities were buying distillate both for peaking power and, along with industrial and commercial users, to

60

Factors Driving Prices & Forecast  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

This spread is a function of the balance between demand and fresh supply (production and net imports). Finally I will discuss the current forecast for distillate prices this winter...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "distillate price monitoring" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


61

U.S. Distillate Market Testimony for New York Assembly Hearing  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Market Testimony for New York Assembly Hearing Market Testimony for New York Assembly Hearing 2/4/2000 Click here to start Table of Contents U.S. Distillate Market Testimony for New York Assembly Hearing U.S. Residential Heating Oil Prices Regional Residential Heating Oil Prices Selected State Residential Heating Oil Prices Spot Distillate & Crude Oil Prices (Prices thru Jan 31, 2000) Low Distillate Stocks Set Stage for Price Volatility PADD 1 (East Coast) Heating Oil Stocks Low New England & Mid-Atlantic Weekly Total Distillate Stocks Low World Crude Production Not Keeping Pace with Demand OECD Stocks Reflect S/D Imbalance Distillate Stocks Are Important Part of Northeast Winter Supply Distillate Problem Likely to be Resolved Soon, But Recurrence Possible East Coast Distillate Production

62

Distillate Market Model documentation report  

SciTech Connect

The purpose of this report is to define the objectives of the Distillate Market Model (DMM), describe its basic approach, and to provide details on model functions. This report is intended as a reference document for model analysts, users, and the general public. Documentation of the model is in accordance with EIA`s legal obligation to provide adequate documentation in support of its models. The DMM performs a short-term (6- to 9-month) forecast of demand and retail price for distillate fuel oil in the national US market; it also calculates the end-of-month stock level during the term of the forecast. The model is used to analyze certain market behavior assumptions or shocks and to determine the effect on retail market price, demand, and stock level.

1993-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

63

Retail Diesel Fuel Oil Prices  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Along with heating oil prices, the distillate supply squeeze has Along with heating oil prices, the distillate supply squeeze has severely impacted diesel fuel prices, especially in the Northeast. Retail diesel price data are available sooner than residential heating oil data. This graph shows that diesel prices turned the corner sometime after February 7 and are heading down. Retail diesel fuel prices nationally, along with those of most other petroleum prices, increased steadily through most of 1999. Prices jumped dramatically (by over 11 cents per gallon) in the third week of January, and rose 2 or more cents a week through February 7. The increases were much more rapid in the Northeast. From January 17 through February 7, diesel fuel prices in New England rose nearly 68 cents per gallon, or 47 percent. Prices in the Mid-Atlantic region rose about 58

64

U.S. Distillate Inventory Outlook  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

7 7 Notes: Total distillate stocks rose only marginally in November, to about 117 million barrels from about 115 million barrels at the end of October. The "normal" or average inventory level at end November is 146 million barrels. Thus, by the end of November, instead of seeing an improvement, US distillate inventories were 30 million barrels less than normal rather than the 26 million barrels less as of the end of October, indicating greater tightness in markets for heating oil and diesel fuel. If the currently depressed level of distillate stocks continues, the result could be strong upward pressure on prices for the distillate fuels through the winter. In fact, the tightness in distillate markets, particularly in the Northeast, has worsened and left the heating oil market more vulnerable

65

U.S. Distillate Inventory Outlook  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

As of December 29, distillate fuel oil stocks were about 116 million As of December 29, distillate fuel oil stocks were about 116 million barrels, which is over 14 percent below their 5 year average for this time of year. Heating oil stocks were at 47.4 million barrels, or about 28 percent lower than their seasonal 5-year average. If the currently depressed level of distillate stocks continues, the result could be strong upward pressure on prices for the distillate fuels through the winter. Recently, the tightness in distillate markets, particularly in the Northeast, has worsened and left the heating oil market more vulnerable to near-term shocks from potential cold weather events or disruptions in the logistical system than was expected earlier this fall. Unless the second half of the winter in the Northeast is unusually

66

U.S. Distillate Inventory Outlook  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

9 9 Notes: At the end of December, distillate fuel oil stocks were about 116 million barrels, which is more than 14 percent below their 5-year average for this time of year, and about 7 percent less than last year's low levels. As of January 19, the most recent weekly data, distillate stocks remained at about that level, which is slightly higher than a year ago. If the currently depressed level of distillate stocks continues, the result could be strong upward pressure on prices for the distillate fuels through the winter. Recently, the tightness in distillate markets, particularly in the Northeast, has worsened and left the heating oil market more vulnerable to near-term shocks from potential cold weather events or disruptions in the logistical system than was expected earlier this fall.

67

Gasoline Prices  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Gasoline Prices Gasoline Price Data Sign showing gasoline prices Local Prices: Find the cheapest gasoline prices in your area. State & Metro Area Prices: Average prices from AAA's...

68

Regional Retail Gasoline Prices  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

7 7 Notes: Retail gasoline prices, like those for distillate fuels, have hit record prices nationally and in several regions this year. The national average regular gasoline price peaked at $1.68 per gallon in mid-June, but quickly declined, and now stands at $1.45, 17 cents higher than a year ago. Two regions, in particular, experienced sharp gasoline price runups this year. California, which often has some of the highest prices in the nation, saw prices peak near $1.85 in mid-September, while the Midwest had average prices over $1.87 in mid-June. Local prices at some stations in both areas hit levels well over $2.00 per gallon. The reasons for the regional price runups differed significantly. In the Midwest, the introduction of Phase 2 RFG was hampered by low stocks,

69

Retail Diesel Fuel Oil Prices  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Along with heating oil prices, the distillate supply squeeze has Along with heating oil prices, the distillate supply squeeze has severely impacted diesel fuel prices, especially in the Northeast. Diesel fuel is bascially the same product as home heating oil. The primary difference is that diesel has a lower sulfur content. When heating oil is in short supply, low sulfur diesel fuel can be diverted to heating oil supply. Thus, diesel fuel prices rise with heating heating oil prices. Retail diesel fuel prices nationally, along with those of most other petroleum prices, increased steadily through most of 1999. But prices in the Northeast jumped dramatically in the third week of January. Diesel fuel prices in New England rose nearly 68 cents per gallon, or 47 percent, between January 17 and February 7. While EIA does not have

70

Catalytic distillation structure  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Catalytic distillation structure for use in reaction distillation columns, a providing reaction sites and distillation structure and consisting of a catalyst component and a resilient component intimately associated therewith. The resilient component has at least about 70 volume % open space and being present with the catalyst component in an amount such that the catalytic distillation structure consist of at least 10 volume % open space.

Smith, Jr., Lawrence A. (Bellaire, TX)

1984-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

71

Complementarity, distillable secret key, and distillable entanglement  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We consider controllability of two conjugate observables Z and X by two parties with classical communication. The ability is specified by two alternative tasks, (i) agreement on Z and (ii) preparation of an eigenstate of X with use of an extra communication channel. We prove that their feasibility is equivalent to that of key distillation if the extra channel is quantum, and to that of entanglement distillation if it is classical. This clarifies the distinction between two entanglement measures, distillable key and distillable entanglement.

Masato Koashi

2007-04-27T23:59:59.000Z

72

No. 2 Distillate Prices - Commercial/Institutional  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

277 3.127 1.878 2.358 - - 1983-2012 277 3.127 1.878 2.358 - - 1983-2012 East Coast (PADD 1) 2.242 3.130 1.938 2.392 - - 1983-2012 New England (PADD 1A) 2.330 3.173 2.173 2.503 - - 1983-2012 Connecticut 2.334 3.186 2.198 2.413 - - 1983-2012 Maine 2.319 3.138 2.297 2.461 - - 1983-2012 Massachusetts 2.305 3.171 2.067 2.561 - - 1983-2012 New Hampshire 2.311 3.123 2.189 2.539 - - 1983-2012 Rhode Island 2.331 3.182 2.107 2.537 - - 1983-2012 Vermont 2.479 3.276 2.275 2.502 - - 1983-2012 Central Atlantic (PADD 1B) 2.273 3.116 1.927 2.401 - - 1983-2012 Delaware 2.262 3.228 1.947 2.380 - - 1983-2012 District of Columbia 2.300 3.162 2.016 2.526 - - 1983-2012 Maryland 2.206 3.180 1.945 2.379 - - 1983-2012 New Jersey 2.330 3.091 1.880 2.362 - - 1983-2012

73

No. 2 Distillate Prices - Through Retail Outlets  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

79 3.297 1.953 2.467 - - 1983-2012 79 3.297 1.953 2.467 - - 1983-2012 East Coast (PADD 1) 2.334 3.328 1.955 2.455 - - 1983-2012 New England (PADD 1A) 2.436 3.478 2.067 2.531 - - 1983-2012 Connecticut 2.401 3.419 2.023 2.481 - - 1983-2012 Maine 2.448 3.542 2.099 2.540 - - 1983-2012 Massachusetts 2.459 3.511 2.101 2.588 - - 1983-2012 New Hampshire 2.433 3.401 2.035 2.512 - - 1983-2012 Rhode Island 2.434 3.547 2.066 2.507 - - 1983-2012 Vermont 2.488 3.588 2.152 2.598 - - 1983-2012 Central Atlantic (PADD 1B) 2.340 3.364 1.993 2.488 - - 1983-2012 Delaware 2.381 3.421 1.984 2.488 - - 1983-2012 District of Columbia W W NA 2.513 - - 1983-2012 Maryland 2.373 3.341 1.985 2.485 - - 1983-2012 New Jersey 2.377 3.436 1.986 2.476 - - 1983-2012

74

Catalytic distillation structure  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Catalytic distillation structure is described for use in reaction distillation columns, and provides reaction sites and distillation structure consisting of a catalyst component and a resilient component intimately associated therewith. The resilient component has at least about 70 volume % open space and is present with the catalyst component in an amount such that the catalytic distillation structure consists of at least 10 volume % open space. 10 figs.

Smith, L.A. Jr.

1984-04-17T23:59:59.000Z

75

Year/PAD District Distillation Crude Oil Atmospheric Distillation  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Distillation Crude Oil Atmospheric Distillation Vacuum Cracking Thermal Catalytic Cracking Fresh Recycled Catalytic Hydro- Cracking Catalytic Reforming Desulfurization...

76

PriceTechNotes2011.vp  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Data Data 2011: Prices and Expenditures 111 R E N E W A B L E E N E R G Y to estimate prices for 1970 through 1989. The 1980 Census division resi- dential wood prices are adjusted in proportion to the changes in U.S. av- erage residential distillate fuel oil prices each year compared to the 1980 distillate fuel oil price. The Census division estimated prices are assigned to the states within each Census division for 1970 through 1989. The four Census region average prices for residential wood from RECS 1993 are used to estimate prices for 1990 forward. The 1993 Census division wood prices are adjusted in proportion to the changes in U.S. average residen- tial distillate fuel oil prices each year compared to the 1990 distillate fuel oil price. The estimated Census region wood prices are assigned to the states within each Census region for 1990 forward. Btu Prices, All Years Prices in dollars per cord are

77

Prices by Sales Type, PAD District, and Selected States  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

AdministrationPetroleum Marketing Annual 1998 Table 39. No. 2 Distillate a Prices by Sales Type, PAD District, and Selected States b (Cents per Gallon Excluding Taxes)...

78

Prices by Sales Type, PAD District, and Selected States  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

AdministrationPetroleum Marketing Annual 1999 Table 39. No. 2 Distillate a Prices by Sales Type, PAD District, and Selected States b (Cents per Gallon Excluding Taxes)...

79

Prices by Sales Type, PAD District, and Selected States  

Annual Energy Outlook 2012 (EIA)

Administration Petroleum Marketing Annual 1995 Table 39. No. 2 Distillate a Prices by Sales Type, PAD District, and Selected States b (Cents per Gallon Excluding Taxes)...

80

Random multiparty entanglement distillation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We describe various results related to the random distillation of multiparty entangled states - that is, conversion of such states into entangled states shared between fewer parties, where those parties are not predetermined. In previous work [Phys. Rev. Lett. 98, 260501 (2007)] we showed that certain output states (namely Einstein-Podolsky-Rosen (EPR) pairs) could be reliably acquired from a prescribed initial multipartite state (namely the W state) via random distillation that could not be reliably created between predetermined parties. Here we provide a more rigorous definition of what constitutes ``advantageous'' random distillation. We show that random distillation is always advantageous for W-class three-qubit states (but only sometimes for Greenberger-Horne-Zeilinger (GHZ)-class states). We show that the general class of multiparty states known as symmetric Dicke states can be readily converted to many other states in the class via random distillation. Finally we show that random distillation is provab...

Fortescue, Ben

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "distillate price monitoring" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


81

Multipartite nonlocality distillation  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The stronger nonlocality than that allowed in quantum theory can provide an advantage in information processing and computation. Since quantum entanglement is distillable, can nonlocality be distilled in the nonsignalling condition? The answer is positive in the bipartite case. In this article the distillability of the multipartite nonlocality is investigated. We propose a distillation protocol solely exploiting xor operations on output bits. The probability-distribution vectors and matrix are introduced to tackle the correlators. It is shown that only the correlators with extreme values can survive the distillation process. As the main result, the amplified nonlocality cannot maximally violate any Bell-type inequality. Accordingly, a distillability criterion in the postquantum region is proposed.

Hsu, Li-Yi; Wu, Keng-Shuo [Department of Physics, Chung Yuan Christian University, Chungli 32023, Taiwan (China)

2010-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

82

Prices and Price Setting.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??This thesis studies price data and tries to unravel the underlying economic processes of why firms have chosen these prices. It focuses on three aspects… (more)

Faber, R.P.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

83

Eclipse Distilled (Eclipse)  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Eclipse DistilledDavid CarlsonForeword by Grady BoochSeries EditorsErich Gamma Lee Nackman John WiegandA Concise Introduction to Eclipse for the Productive ProgrammerOrganized for rapid access, focused on productivity, Eclipse Distilled brings together ...

David Carlson

2005-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

84

Catalytic distillation process  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A method for conducting chemical reactions and fractionation of the reaction mixture comprising feeding reactants to a distillation column reactor into a feed zone and concurrently contacting the reactants with a fixed bed catalytic packing to concurrently carry out the reaction and fractionate the reaction mixture. For example, a method for preparing methyl tertiary butyl ether in high purity from a mixed feed stream of isobutene and normal butene comprising feeding the mixed feed stream to a distillation column reactor into a feed zone at the lower end of a distillation reaction zone, and methanol into the upper end of said distillation reaction zone, which is packed with a properly supported cationic ion exchange resin, contacting the C.sub.4 feed and methanol with the catalytic distillation packing to react methanol and isobutene, and concurrently fractionating the ether from the column below the catalytic zone and removing normal butene overhead above the catalytic zone.

Smith, Jr., Lawrence A. (Bellaire, TX)

1982-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

85

Catalytic distillation process  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A method is described for conducting chemical reactions and fractionation of the reaction mixture comprising feeding reactants to a distillation column reactor into a feed zone and concurrently contacting the reactants with a fixed bed catalytic packing to concurrently carry out the reaction and fractionate the reaction mixture. For example, a method for preparing methyl tertiary butyl ether in high purity from a mixed feed stream of isobutene and normal butene comprising feeding the mixed feed stream to a distillation column reactor into a feed zone at the lower end of a distillation reaction zone, and methanol into the upper end of said distillation reaction zone, which is packed with a properly supported cationic ion exchange resin, contacting the C[sub 4] feed and methanol with the catalytic distillation packing to react methanol and isobutene, and concurrently fractionating the ether from the column below the catalytic zone and removing normal butene overhead above the catalytic zone.

Smith, L.A. Jr.

1982-06-22T23:59:59.000Z

86

Advanced Distillation Final Report  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The Advanced Distillation project was concluded on December 31, 2009. This U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) funded project was completed successfully and within budget during a timeline approved by DOE project managers, which included a one year extension to the initial ending date. The subject technology, Microchannel Process Technology (MPT) distillation, was expected to provide both capital and operating cost savings compared to conventional distillation technology. With efforts from Velocys and its project partners, MPT distillation was successfully demonstrated at a laboratory scale and its energy savings potential was calculated. While many objectives established at the beginning of the project were met, the project was only partially successful. At the conclusion, it appears that MPT distillation is not a good fit for the targeted separation of ethane and ethylene in large-scale ethylene production facilities, as greater advantages were seen for smaller scale distillations. Early in the project, work involved flowsheet analyses to discern the economic viability of ethane-ethylene MPT distillation and develop strategies for maximizing its impact on the economics of the process. This study confirmed that through modification to standard operating processes, MPT can enable net energy savings in excess of 20%. This advantage was used by ABB Lumus to determine the potential impact of MPT distillation on the ethane-ethylene market. The study indicated that a substantial market exists if the energy saving could be realized and if installed capital cost of MPT distillation was on par or less than conventional technology. Unfortunately, it was determined that the large number of MPT distillation units needed to perform ethane-ethylene separation for world-scale ethylene facilities, makes the targeted separation a poor fit for the technology in this application at the current state of manufacturing costs. Over the course of the project, distillation experiments were performed with the targeted mixture, ethane-ethylene, as well as with analogous low relative volatility systems: cyclohexane-hexane and cyclopentane-pentane. Devices and test stands were specifically designed for these efforts. Development progressed from experiments and models considering sections of a full scale device to the design, fabrication, and operation of a single-channel distillation unit with integrated heat transfer. Throughout the project, analytical and numerical models and Computational Fluid Dynamics (CFD) simulations were validated with experiments in the process of developing this platform technology. Experimental trials demonstrated steady and controllable distillation for a variety of process conditions. Values of Height-to-an-Equivalent Theoretical Plate (HETP) ranging from less than 0.5 inch to a few inches were experimentally proven, demonstrating a ten-fold performance enhancement relative to conventional distillation. This improvement, while substantial, is not sufficient for MPT distillation to displace very large scale distillation trains. Fortunately, parallel efforts in the area of business development have yielded other applications for MPT distillation, including smaller scale separations that benefit from the flowsheet flexibility offered by the technology. Talks with multiple potential partners are underway. Their outcome will also help determine the path ahead for MPT distillation.

Maddalena Fanelli; Ravi Arora; Annalee Tonkovich; Jennifer Marco; Ed Rode

2010-03-24T23:59:59.000Z

87

Distillate Stocks Expected  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

4 4 Notes: So let's get to what you want to know. What do we expect this upcoming winter? When EIA's demand forecast is combined with its outlook for production and net imports, distillate stocks are projected to remain towards the lower end of the normal range. We are forecasting about an 11 million barrel build between the end of July 2001 and the end of November 2001, slightly more than the average over the past 5 years (10 million barrels), but less than the average of the last 10 years (15 ½ million barrels). If, however, economic incentives are high enough, distillate stocks could build more, resulting in a higher distillate stock level heading into the winter. Of course, the reverse is true as well, if for example, the distillate fuel refining spread declines substantially. Since 1994,

88

Random multiparty entanglement distillation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We describe various results related to the random distillation of multiparty entangled states - that is, conversion of such states into entangled states shared between fewer parties, where those parties are not predetermined. In previous work [Phys. Rev. Lett. 98, 260501 (2007)] we showed that certain output states (namely Einstein-Podolsky-Rosen (EPR) pairs) could be reliably acquired from a prescribed initial multipartite state (namely the W state) via random distillation that could not be reliably created between predetermined parties. Here we provide a more rigorous definition of what constitutes ``advantageous'' random distillation. We show that random distillation is always advantageous for W-class three-qubit states (but only sometimes for Greenberger-Horne-Zeilinger (GHZ)-class states). We show that the general class of multiparty states known as symmetric Dicke states can be readily converted to many other states in the class via random distillation. Finally we show that random distillation is provably not advantageous in the limit of multiple copies of pure states.

Ben Fortescue; Hoi-Kwong Lo

2007-09-25T23:59:59.000Z

89

DISTILLATION OF CALCIUM  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

This invention relates to an improvement in the process for the purification of caicium or magnesium containing an alkali metal as impurity, which comprises distiiling a batch of the mixture in two stages, the first stage distillation being carried out in the presence of an inert gas at an absolute pressure substantially greater than the vapor pressure of calcium or maguesium at the temperature of distillation, but less than the vaper pressure at that temperature of the alkali metal impurity so that only the alkali metal is vaporized and condensed on a condensing surface. A second stage distilso that substantially only the calcium or magnesium distills under its own vapor pressure only and condenses in solid form on a lower condensing surface.

Barton, J.

1954-07-27T23:59:59.000Z

90

Distillate Fuel Oil Sales for Residential Use  

Annual Energy Outlook 2012 (EIA)

End Use Product: Residential - Distillate Fuel Oil Residential - No. 1 Residential - No. 2 Residential - Kerosene Commercial - Distillate Fuel Oil Commercial - No. 1 Distillate...

91

Natural Gas Citygate Price  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Pipeline and Distribution Use Price Citygate Price Residential Price Commercial Price Industrial Price Vehicle Fuel Price Electric Power Price Proved Reserves as of 1231 Reserves...

92

Topological Quantum Distillation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We construct a class of topological quantum codes to perform quantum entanglement distillation. These codes implement the whole Clifford group of unitary operations in a fully topological manner and without selective addressing of qubits. This allows us to extend their application also to quantum teleportation, dense coding and computation with magic states.

H. Bombin; M. A. Martin-Delgado

2006-05-16T23:59:59.000Z

93

Monthly petroleum product price report  

SciTech Connect

Monthly report supplies national weighted average prices on a monthly basis at different levels of the marketing chain, for petroleum products sold by refiners, large resellers, gas plant operators, and importers. Data are for the year to date and previous year. Some historic data are included to indicate trends. Gasoline price data are collected from retail gasoline dealers. Heating oil prices come from sellers of heating oil to ultimate consumers. A glossary of petroleum products is appended. Petroleum products include motor gasoline, distillate fuel oil, diesel fuel, heating oil, residual fuel oil, aviation fuel, kerosene, petrochemical feedstocks, propane, butane, ethane, and natural gasoline. 12 tables.

1977-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

94

Winter Distillate .and Propane Outlook  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Winter Distillate .and Propane Outlook. Joanne Shore Energy Information Administration State Heating Oil and Propane Program August 2000

95

On bound entanglement assisted distillation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We investigate asymptotic distillation of entanglement in the presence of an unlimited amount of bound entanglement for bi-partite systems. We show that the distillability is still bounded by the relative entropy of entanglement. This offers a strong support to the fact that bound entanglement does not improve distillation of entanglement.

V. Vedral

1999-08-14T23:59:59.000Z

96

Gulf Coast Distillate Production  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

4 of 15 4 of 15 Notes: PADD 3 is a major source of supply for the East Coast. This graph shows how during the winter of 1997-1998 when distillate stocks were very high, production fell back. In contrast, we entered the winter of 1996-1997 with very low stocks, and refineries reached record production levels as they tried to build stocks late in the season. Notice that production is normally reduced in January as distillate stocks are used to meet demand and as refineries begin maintenance and turnovers, which continue into February. This January is no different. There is room for some production increases in January and February, if refineries postpone maintenance. But postponing maintenance and turnarounds can create problems when the gasoline production season begins in March and April.

97

Simplified distillation column controls  

SciTech Connect

A simple, energy efficient method of controlling single or double distillation columns for the production of ethyl alcohol is described. The control system is based on a material balance scheme centered around a thermostat actuated control valve to regulate reflux rate and product purity. Column bottom's levels are automatically regulated by vented suction lines on the pump inlets. Methods of minimizing control input variations are used including column insulation, stillage-to-beer heat exchanger, and a steam pressure regulator.

Badger, P.; Pile, R.; Lightsey, G.

1984-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

98

Low Energy Distillation Schemes  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In this paper we look at various options available for the reduction of energy consumption in distillation systems. For binary systems, we look at how heat pumps can be used. With multi-component systems, process integration offers a means of reducing energy consumption. We look at how the better integrated distillation schemes can be quickly identified. It is found that the design of integrated schemes is quicker than that of non-integrated schemes. We then look at how the use of heat pumps, non-isobaric operation and divided wall columns may be incorporated into the synthesis of multi-component separation schemes. It will be seen that process integration provides an important means of reducing energy consumption in distillation processes. However, its conventional use requires the installation of piping (and pipes carrying vapor streams tend to be of large diameter and are consequently expensive). So, finally we examine a way in which the capital cost of such systems can be reduced: the divided wall column.

Polley, G. T.

2002-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

99

State Energy Price System: 1982 update  

SciTech Connect

The State Energy Price System (STEPS) contains estimates of energy prices for ten major fuels (electricity, natural gas, metallurgical coal, steam coal, distillate, motor gasoline, diesel, kerosene/jet fuel, residual fuel, and liquefied petroleum gas), by major end-use sectors (residential, commercial, industrial, transportation, and electric utility), and by state through 1982. Both physical unit prices and prices per million Btu are included in STEPS. Major changes in STEPS data base for 1981 and 1982 are described. The most significant changes in procedures for the updates occur in the residential sector distillate series and the residential sector kerosene series. All physical unit and Btu prices are shown with three significant digits instead of with four significant digits as shown in the original documentation. Details of these and other changes are contained in this report, along with the updated data files. 31 references, 65 tables.

Imhoff, K.L.; Fang, J.M.

1984-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

100

Phillip Price  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Phillip Price Phil Price Sustainable Energy Systems Group Demand Response Research Center (DRRC) Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory 1 Cyclotron Road MS 90R2002 Berkeley CA 94720...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "distillate price monitoring" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


101

Gasoline Prices  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

and diesel price estimates from the Energy Information Administration Understanding Gas Prices Photo of gasoline receipt What determines the cost of gasoline? What's the...

102

Catalytic distillation : design and application of a catalytic distillation column.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Catalytic Distillation (CD) is a hybrid technology that utilizes the dynamics of si- multaneous reaction and separation in a single process unit to achieve a… (more)

Nieuwoudt, Josias Jakobus (Jako)

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

103

On bound entanglement assisted distillation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We investigate asymptotic distillation of entanglement in the presence of an unlimited amount of bound entanglement for bi-partite systems. We show that the distillability is still bounded by the relative entropy of entanglement. This offers a strong support to the fact that bound entanglement does not improve distillation of entanglement. PACS number(s): 03.65.Bz, 89.70.+c,89.80.+h

Vlatko Vedral

1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

104

Optimization approach to entanglement distillation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We put forward a method for optimized distillation of partly entangled pairs of qubits into a smaller number of more entangled pairs by recurrent local unitary operations and projections. Optimized distillation is achieved by minimization of a cost function with up to 30 real parameters, which is chosen to be sensitive to the fidelity and the projection probability at each step. We show that in many cases this approach can significantly improve the distillation efficiency in comparison to the present methods.

T. Opatrny; G. Kurizki

1998-11-30T23:59:59.000Z

105

U.S. Distillate Inventories  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

average, but 18 percent above last year. The stability of distillate stocks through the heart of this winter, when they usually decline, has virtually eliminated concerns about...

106

Distillate Imports Surged to Meet Supply/Demand Imbalance  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

receded when weather moderated and new supply began to receded when weather moderated and new supply began to arrive. Imports were the largest source of new supply that arrived to relieve the imbalance that was behind the price spike. This graph shows the dramatic increase on a calendar monthly average basis. During the three weeks ending February 25, distillate fuel oil imports averaged 566 thousand barrels per day. During the prior four weeks, imports only averaged 162 thousand barrels per day. Refinery production on the East Coast also increased. For the three weeks ending February 25, East Coast distillate production averaged 478 thousand barrels per day, which was an increase of about 91 thousand barrels per day or 24% over the prior four weeks. (During the same time period, national distillate production only rose 7 percent.)

107

Option pricing, maturity randomization and distributed computing  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We price discretely monitored options when the underlying evolves according to different exponential Levy processes. By geometric randomization of the option maturity, we transform the n-steps backward recursion that arises in option pricing into an ... Keywords: Discrete monitoring, Grid computing, Integral equations, Lévy processes, Option pricing

Gianluca Fusai; Daniele Marazzina; Marina Marena

2010-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

108

Distillate Problem Likely to be Resolved Soon, But Recurrence Possible  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

2 of 15 2 of 15 Notes: The current high prices in the Northeast should prompt increased production. Regional stocks will shift to areas of highest need, production from East Coast and Gulf Coast refineries will increase (capacity is available as the utilization indicates), and if the problem persists, imports from Europe might be drawn to U.S. But there are several caveats as to the quickness of the price response: Colder weather would quickly use up additional supply moving into the area, postponing relief for the price spike Further refinery problems and/or long delays in current East Coast refinery recoveries would slow new supply from arriving. As of January 31, distillate spot prices had dropped back to 82 cents, which still provides attractive refinery margins, but illustrates

109

A Parametric Reactive Distillation Study: Economic Feasibility and Design Heuristics.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??The integration of reaction and distillation into a single column is called reactive distillation or catalytic distillation. Reactive distillation provides many benefits such as reduced… (more)

Hoyme, Craig Alan

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

110

Heat Pumps in Distillation Processes  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Both new and retrofit heat pump installations are often economically justifiable for distillation columns with a temperature differential of 50 degrees F or less. However, this study reveals that the near-term demand for electric heat pumps in petroleum and chemical distillation processes appears very limited.

1984-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

111

Natural Gas Citygate Price  

Annual Energy Outlook 2012 (EIA)

Citygate Price Residential Price Commercial Price Industrial Price Electric Power Price Gross Withdrawals Gross Withdrawals From Gas Wells Gross Withdrawals From Oil Wells Gross...

112

Oil recovery from condensed corn distillers solubles.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Condensed corn distillers solubles (CCDS) contains more oil than dried distillers grains with solubles (DDGS), 20 vs. 12% (dry weight basis). Therefore, significant amount of… (more)

Majoni, Sandra

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

113

EIA Crude Oil Distillation Capacity (Table 36)  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

(Important Note on Sources of Crude Oil Distillation Capacity Estimates) Table 3.6 World Crude Oil Distillation Capacity, January 1, 1970 - January 1, 2009

114

Theoretical and experimental investigation of membrane distillation.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Invented in the 1960s, membrane distillation is an emerging technology for water treatment attracting more attention since 1980s. There are four configurations of membrane distillations… (more)

Zhang, Jianhua

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

115

Membrane distillation : module design and modeling.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Membrane distillation (MD) is an emerging technology for seawater desalination that is traditionally accomplished by conventional separation processes such as thermal distillation or reverse osmosis.… (more)

Yang, Xing.

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

116

American Distillation Inc | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Distillation Inc Jump to: navigation, search Name American Distillation Inc. Place Leland, North Carolina Zip 28451 Product Biodiesel producer in North Carolina. References...

117

Cheese Prices  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Cheese prices are derived from the USDA Agricultural Marketing Service Market News, the National Agricultural Statistics Service, and the Chicago Mercantile Exchange. This publication explains the process of cheese pricing. It includes information on hauling rates and freight differentials

Schwart Jr., Robert B.; Anderson, David P.; Knutson, Ronald D.

2003-08-25T23:59:59.000Z

118

Sarah Price  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Sarah K Price Sarah Price Energy Efficiency Standards Group Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory 1 Cyclotron Road MS 90R4000 Berkeley CA 94720 Office Location: 90-4128B (510)...

119

Marisa Price  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Marisa Dawn Price Marisa Price Communications Office Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory 1 Cyclotron Road MS 90R3029B Berkeley CA 94720 Office Location: 90-2056B (510) 495-2713...

120

Gas Prices  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Prices Gasoline Prices for U.S. Cities Click on the map to view gas prices for cities in your state. AK VT ME NH NH MA MA RI CT CT DC NJ DE DE NY WV VA NC SC FL GA AL MS TN KY IN...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "distillate price monitoring" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


121

Gasoline price data systems  

SciTech Connect

Timely observation on prices of gasoline at the wholesale and retail level by geographical area can serve several purposes: (1) to facilitate the monitoring of compliance with controls on distributor margins; (2) to indicate changes in the competitive structure of the distribution system; (3) to measure the incidence of changes in crude oil and refiner costs on retail prices by grade of gasoline, by type of retail outlet, and by geographic area; (4) to identify anomalies in the retail pricing structure that may create incentives for misfueling; and (5) to provide detailed time series data for use in evaluating conservation response to price changes. In order to provide the needed data for these purposes, the following detail on gasoline prices and characteristics of the sampling procedure appear to be appropriate: (1) monthly sample observations on wholesale and retail prices by gasoline grade and type of wholesale or retail dealer, together with volume weights; (2) sample size sufficient to provide detail by state and large cities; (3) responses to be tabulated and reports provided within 30 days after date of observation; and (4) a quick response sampling procedure that can provide weekly data, at least at the national level, when needed in time of rapidly changing prices. Price detail by state is suggested due to its significance for administrative purposes and since gasoline consumption data are estimated by state from other sources. Price detail for large cities are suggested in view of their relevancy as problem areas for vehicle emissions, reflecting one of the analytical uses of the data. In this report, current reporting systems and data on gasoline prices are reviewed and evaluated in terms of the needs outlined above. Recommendations are made for ways to fill the gaps in existing data systems to meet these needs.

1980-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

122

El Paso Gasoline Prices  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

0 0 Notes: Good morning. IÂ’m glad to be here in El Paso to share some of my agencyÂ’s insights on crude oil and gasoline prices. I represent the Energy Information Administration, the independent statistical and analytical agency within the Department of Energy. My division has the responsibility to monitor petroleum supplies and prices in the United States. As part of that work, we operate a number of surveys on a weekly, monthly, and annual basis. One of these is a weekly survey of retail gasoline prices at about 800 stations nationwide. This survey in particular allows us to observe the differences between local gasoline markets in the United States. While we track relatively few stations in the El Paso area, we have compared our price data with that collected by the El Paso City-County Health and Environmental District and

123

About distillability of depolarized states  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Reduction criteria for distillability is applied to general depolarized states and an explicit condition is found in terms of a characteristic polynomial of the density matrix. 3 × 3 bipartite systems are analyzed in some details. 1

Andrea R. Rossi; Matteo G. A. Paris

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

124

Distillation process using microchannel technology  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The disclosed invention relates to a distillation process for separating two or more components having different volatilities from a liquid mixture containing the components. The process employs microchannel technology for effecting the distillation and is particularly suitable for conducting difficult separations, such as the separation of ethane from ethylene, wherein the individual components are characterized by having volatilities that are very close to one another.

Tonkovich, Anna Lee (Dublin, OH); Simmons, Wayne W. (Dublin, OH); Silva, Laura J. (Dublin, OH); Qiu, Dongming (Carbondale, IL); Perry, Steven T. (Galloway, OH); Yuschak, Thomas (Dublin, OH); Hickey, Thomas P. (Dublin, OH); Arora, Ravi (Dublin, OH); Smith, Amanda (Galloway, OH); Litt, Robert Dwayne (Westerville, OH); Neagle, Paul (Westerville, OH)

2009-11-03T23:59:59.000Z

125

Distillation Column Flooding Predictor  

SciTech Connect

The Flooding Predictor™ is a patented advanced control technology proven in research at the Separations Research Program, University of Texas at Austin, to increase distillation column throughput by over 6%, while also increasing energy efficiency by 10%. The research was conducted under a U. S. Department of Energy Cooperative Agreement awarded to George Dzyacky of 2ndpoint, LLC. The Flooding Predictor™ works by detecting the incipient flood point and controlling the column closer to its actual hydraulic limit than historical practices have allowed. Further, the technology uses existing column instrumentation, meaning no additional refining infrastructure is required. Refiners often push distillation columns to maximize throughput, improve separation, or simply to achieve day-to-day optimization. Attempting to achieve such operating objectives is a tricky undertaking that can result in flooding. Operators and advanced control strategies alike rely on the conventional use of delta-pressure instrumentation to approximate the column’s approach to flood. But column delta-pressure is more an inference of the column’s approach to flood than it is an actual measurement of it. As a consequence, delta pressure limits are established conservatively in order to operate in a regime where the column is never expected to flood. As a result, there is much “left on the table” when operating in such a regime, i.e. the capacity difference between controlling the column to an upper delta-pressure limit and controlling it to the actual hydraulic limit. The Flooding Predictor™, an innovative pattern recognition technology, controls columns at their actual hydraulic limit, which research shows leads to a throughput increase of over 6%. Controlling closer to the hydraulic limit also permits operation in a sweet spot of increased energy-efficiency. In this region of increased column loading, the Flooding Predictor is able to exploit the benefits of higher liquid/vapor traffic that produce increased contact area and lead to substantial increases in separation efficiency – which translates to a 10% increase in energy efficiency on a BTU/bbl basis. The Flooding Predictor™ operates on the principle that between five to sixty minutes in advance of a flooding event, certain column variables experience an oscillation, a pre-flood pattern. The pattern recognition system of the Flooding Predictor™ utilizes the mathematical first derivative of certain column variables to identify the column’s pre-flood pattern(s). This pattern is a very brief, highly repeatable, simultaneous movement among the derivative values of certain column variables. While all column variables experience negligible random noise generated from the natural frequency of the process, subtle pre-flood patterns are revealed among sub-sets of the derivative values of column variables as the column approaches its hydraulic limit. The sub-set of column variables that comprise the pre-flood pattern is identified empirically through in a two-step process. First, 2ndpoint’s proprietary off-line analysis tool is used to mine historical data for pre-flood patterns. Second, the column is flood-tested to fine-tune the pattern recognition for commissioning. Then the Flooding Predictor™ is implemented as closed-loop advanced control strategy on the plant’s distributed control system (DCS), thus automating control of the column at its hydraulic limit.

George E. Dzyacky

2010-11-23T23:59:59.000Z

126

Petroleum Gasoline & Distillate Needs Including the Energy ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Home > Petroleum > Analysis > Petroleum Gasoline & Distillate Needs Including the Energy Independence and Security Act (EISA) ...

127

Oklahoma Refinery Vacuum Distillation Downstream Charge Capacity ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Oklahoma Refinery Vacuum Distillation Downstream Charge Capacity as of January 1 (Barrels per Stream Day)

128

Isotropic non-locality cannot be distilled  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We investigate non-locality distillation protocols for isotropic correlations. These correlations are the hardest instances which respect to distillability and only partial results are known about their behaviour under non-locality distillation protocols. We completely resolve this issue by proving that non-locality distillation is impossible for all non-local isotropic correlations.

Dejan D. Dukaric

2011-08-02T23:59:59.000Z

129

Mississippi Refinery Vacuum Distillation Downstream Charge ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Mississippi Refinery Vacuum Distillation Downstream Charge Capacity as of January 1 (Barrels per Stream Day)

130

Petroleum Gasoline & Distillate Needs Including the Energy ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Petroleum Gasoline & Distillate Needs Including the Energy Independence and Security Act (EISA) Impacts

131

Prices of Refiner No. 2 Distillate Sales to End Users  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

266 3.143 1.840 2.318 3.119 3.206 1978-2012 266 3.143 1.840 2.318 3.119 3.206 1978-2012 East Coast (PADD 1) 2.230 3.177 1.907 2.346 3.156 3.267 1983-2012 New England (PADD 1A) 2.339 3.314 2.121 2.504 3.246 3.392 1983-2012 Connecticut 2.171 3.212 1.892 2.307 3.117 3.214 1983-2012 Maine 2.232 W W W W W 1983-2012 Massachusetts 2.302 3.309 2.108 2.482 3.254 3.404 1983-2012 New Hampshire 2.427 3.429 2.180 2.567 3.311 3.512 1983-2012 Rhode Island 2.325 W W 2.415 W W 1983-2012 Vermont 2.596 3.445 2.459 2.717 3.360 3.595 1983-2012 Central Atlantic (PADD 1B) 2.237 3.141 1.930 2.358 3.169 3.287 1983-2012 Delaware 2.310 3.264 1.890 2.313 3.216 3.317 1983-2012 District of Columbia W W W 2.366 W W 1983-2012 Maryland 2.040 2.979 1.829 2.218 3.004 3.116 1983-2012

132

Prices of Refiner No. 2 Distillate Sales to End Users  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

3.061 3.030 3.100 3.170 3.185 3.088 1983-2013 3.061 3.030 3.100 3.170 3.185 3.088 1983-2013 East Coast (PADD 1) 3.091 3.071 3.152 3.197 3.212 NA 1983-2013 New England (PADD 1A) 3.115 3.113 3.198 3.236 3.240 NA 1983-2013 Connecticut W W W W W W 1983-2013 Maine W W W W W NA 1983-2013 Massachusetts 3.164 3.168 3.239 3.267 3.277 NA 1983-2013 New Hampshire W W W W W W 1983-2013 Rhode Island W W W W W W 1983-2013 Vermont W W W W W W 1983-2013 Central Atlantic (PADD 1B) 3.129 3.114 3.179 3.218 3.234 NA 1983-2013 Delaware W W W W W W 1983-2013 District of Columbia - - - W - - 1983-2013 Maryland W W W W W W 1983-2013 New Jersey 3.063 3.054 3.124 3.159 3.172 NA 1983-2013 New York 3.184 3.170 3.246 3.293 3.299 NA 1983-2013 Pennsylvania 3.159 3.135 3.161 3.214 3.248 3.205 1983-2013

133

No. 2 Distillate Prices - Sales to End Users  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

65 3.222 1.964 2.449 - - 1983-2012 65 3.222 1.964 2.449 - - 1983-2012 East Coast (PADD 1) 2.352 3.215 2.052 2.512 - - 1983-2012 New England (PADD 1A) 2.491 3.224 2.293 2.672 - - 1983-2012 Connecticut 2.499 3.212 2.345 2.688 - - 1983-2012 Maine 2.452 3.235 2.291 2.573 - - 1983-2012 Massachusetts 2.492 3.213 2.244 2.695 - - 1983-2012 New Hampshire 2.470 3.226 2.268 2.613 - - 1983-2012 Rhode Island 2.494 3.210 2.259 2.776 - - 1983-2012 Vermont 2.591 3.327 2.426 2.653 - - 1983-2012 Central Atlantic (PADD 1B) 2.384 3.204 2.075 2.558 - - 1983-2012 Delaware 2.382 3.248 2.062 2.498 - - 1983-2012 District of Columbia 2.366 3.198 2.089 2.598 - - 1983-2012 Maryland 2.356 3.232 2.051 2.488 - - 1983-2012 New Jersey 2.382 3.180 1.971 2.532 - - 1983-2012

134

No. 2 Distillate Prices - Sales to End Users  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Feb-13 Mar-13 Apr-13 May-13 Jun-13 Jul-13 View History U.S. - - - - - - 1983-2013 East Coast (PADD 1) - - - - - - 1983-2013 New England (PADD 1A) - - - - - - 1983-2013 Connecticut...

135

New Jersey No. 2 Distillate Prices by Sales Type  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

-No Data Reported; --= Not Applicable; NA = Not Available; W = Withheld to avoid disclosure of individual company data. Notes: Values shown in the ...

136

Oregon No. 2 Distillate Prices by Sales Type  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

-No Data Reported; --= Not Applicable; NA = Not Available; W = Withheld to avoid disclosure of individual company data. Notes: Values shown in the ...

137

Midwest (PADD 2) No. 2 Distillate Prices by Sales Type  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Sales to End Users, Average-----1983-2013: Residential-----1983-2013: ... No. 2 Diesel Fuel, Ultra Low-Sulfur : Sales to End Users, Average-----2007-2013:

138

Lynn Price  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Lynn Price Lynn Price China Energy Group Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory 1 Cyclotron Road MS 90R2002 Berkeley CA 94720 Office Location: 90-2108 (510) 486-6519 LKPrice@lbl.gov Lynn Price is a Staff Scientist and Leader of the China Energy Group of the Energy Analysis and Environmental Impacts Department, Environmental Energy Technologies Division, of Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory. Ms. Price has a MS in Environmental Science from the University of Wisconsin-Madison and has worked at LBNL since 1990. Ms. Price has been a member of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change, which won the Nobel Peace Prize in 2007, since 1994 and was an author on the industrial sector chapter of IPCC's Fourth Assessment Report on Mitigation of Climate Change. Since 1999, Ms. Price has provided technical assistance to the Energy

139

Forecast Prices  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Notes: Notes: Prices have already recovered from the spike, but are expected to remain elevated over year-ago levels because of the higher crude oil prices. There is a lot of uncertainty in the market as to where crude oil prices will be next winter, but our current forecast has them declining about $2.50 per barrel (6 cents per gallon) from today's levels by next October. U.S. average residential heating oil prices peaked at almost $1.50 as a result of the problems in the Northeast this past winter. The current forecast has them peaking at $1.08 next winter, but we will be revisiting the outlook in more detail next fall and presenting our findings at the annual Winter Fuels Conference. Similarly, diesel prices are also expected to fall. The current outlook projects retail diesel prices dropping about 14 cents per gallon

140

Stephanie Price  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Stephanie Price is a communicator at the National Renewable Energy Laboratory, which assists EERE in providing technical content for many of its websites.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "distillate price monitoring" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


141

PRICE SPECULATION  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The price of crude oil in the U.S. had never exceeded $40 per barrel until mid-2004. By 2006 it reached $70 per barrel, and in July 2008 it reached a peak of $145. By the end of 2008 it had plummeted to about $30 before increasing again, reaching about $110 in 2011. Are “speculators ” to blame for at least part of the volatility and sharp run-ups in price? We clarify the potential and actual effects of speculators, and investors in general, on commodity prices. We focus on crude oil, but our approach can be applied to other commodities. We first address the question of what is meant by “oil price speculation, ” and how it relates to investments in oil reserves, oil inventories, or oil price derivatives (such as futures contracts). Next we outline the ways in which one could speculate on oil prices. Finally, we turn to the data, and calculate counterfactual prices that would have occurred from 1999 to 2012 in the absence of speculation. Our framework is based on a simple and transparent model of supply and demand in the cash and storage markets for a commodity. It lets us determine whether speculation as the driver of price changes is consistent with the data on production, consumption, inventory changes, and changes in convenience yields given reasonable elasticity assumptions. We show speculation had little, if any, effect on prices and volatility.

Christopher R. Knittel; Robert S. Pindyck; Christopher R. Knittel; Robert S. Pindyck

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

142

Snuller Price  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Snuller Price Energy and Environmental Economics NOTICE Due to the current lapse of federal funding, Berkeley Lab websites are accessible, but may not be updated until Congress...

143

Essays on Price Dynamics  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Small Regular Price Changes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .4 The Cyclicality of Effective Prices2.3 Wholesale Price vs. Retail

Hong, Gee Hee

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

144

Essays on Three Price Judgments: Price Fairness, Price Magnitude, and Price Expectation.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??This dissertation addresses three important price judgments: price fairness, price magnitude, and price expectation. Developed over three chapters, the main objective of this research is… (more)

Bhowmick, Sandeep

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

145

Distillate Fuel Oil Assessment for Winter 1995-1996  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

U.S. Refining Capacity Utilization U.S. Refining Capacity Utilization by Tancred Lidderdale, Nancy Masterson, and Nicholas Dazzo* U.S. crude oil refinery utilization rates have steadily increased since oil price and allocation decontrol in 1981. The annual average atmospheric distillation utilization rate has increased from 68.6 percent of operable capacity in 1981 to 92.6 percent in 1994. The distillation utilization rate reached a peak of 96.4 percent in August 1994, the highest one-month average rate in over 20 years. This dramatic increase in refining capacity utilization has stimulated a growing interest in the ability of U.S. refineries to supply domestic requirements for finished petroleum products. This article briefly reviews recent trends in domestic refining capacity utilization and examines in detail the differences in

146

Last Winter's Price Spike Limited to Northeast  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

7 7 Notes: This chart shows the day-to-day volatility in spot crude and heating oil prices, and clearly shows the regional nature of the price spike that occurred last winter. Due to a combination of extreme cold weather, low inventories, and refinery and transportation problems, New York Harbor spot prices shot up as high as $1.77 per gallon in a brief period in late January and early February. In June of this year, distillate spreads had dropped to 2.5 cents per gallon as a result of crude oil prices increasing faster than product prices. But by August spreads had strengthened to about 15 cents, and were as high as 21 cents on average in November 2000, which is almost 15 cents above average -- reflecting continued low stocks and the lack of even a normal summer/autumn build in inventories.

147

Collocation Methods For Distillation Design  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In this third paper on collocation methods for distillation design, we explore the use of the collocation models for design of simple distillation columns as well as flexible columns. Solvent recovery plants must deal with a wide range of feeds and still return pure solvents. The design problem we address is a single flexible column within the overall solvent recovery plant. We have developed the models and algorithms in the ASCEND system. We discuss the attributes and use of the ASCEND system. With ASCEND we can create complex models with simple building blocks and interactively learn to solve them. We found the collocation model an excellent tool for distillation design, allowing us to develop new concepts in design strategies. We designed a single column as would exist in a flexible solvent recovery plant for an azeotropic system. It was designed to handle three possible feeds, each with a distinct separation task. For each possible feed to a column, we approximate the operation of ...

Flexible Column; Robert S. Huss; Arthur W. Westerberg

1995-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

148

Optimal protocols for nonlocality distillation  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Forster et al. recently showed that weak nonlocality can be amplified by giving the first protocol that distills a class of nonlocal boxes (NLBs) [Phys. Rev. Lett. 102, 120401 (2009)] We first show that their protocol is optimal among all nonadaptive protocols. We next consider adaptive protocols. We show that the depth-2 protocol of Allcock et al. [Phys. Rev. A 80, 062107 (2009)] performs better than previously known adaptive depth-2 protocols for all symmetric NLBs. We present a depth-3 protocol that extends the known region of distillable NLBs. We give examples of NLBs for which each of the Forster et al., the Allcock et al., and our protocols perform best. The understanding we develop is that there is no single optimal protocol for NLB distillation. The choice of which protocol to use depends on the noise parameters for the NLB.

Hoeyer, Peter; Rashid, Jibran [Department of Computer Science, University of Calgary, 2500 University Drive N.W., Calgary, Alberta, 2N 1N4 (Canada)

2010-10-15T23:59:59.000Z

149

Ensiling wet distillers grains with other feeds. SDSU Extension Extra 4029  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

During the last century, livestock producers have relied heavily on highly valued crops to feed their cattle. Corn grain and silage, alfalfa hay and silage as well as other highly productive crops have been used extensively. Changes in oil prices have sparked interest into renewable energy alternatives. Ethanol production from corn has gained popularity in the Midwest resulting in increased availability of corn distillers grains. Corn distillers grains are an excellent feed for ruminants. They can usually be purchased as wet (40-70 % moisture) or dry. They supply approximately 10 % more energy than corn grain, and approximately 30 % protein, 10 % fat and 1 % phosphorus. These are highly priced nutrients and thus desirable in a feed, although they might pose a challenge when formulating diets. When distillers grains

A. D. Garcia; K. F. Kalscheur

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

150

Bounds for nonlocality distillation protocols  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Nonlocality can be quantified by the violation of a Bell inequality. Since this violation may be amplified by local operations, an alternative measure has been proposed--distillable nonlocality. The alternative measure is difficult to calculate exactly due to the double exponential growth of the parameter space. In this paper, we give a way to bound the distillable nonlocality of a resource by the solutions to a related optimization problem. Our upper bounds are exponentially easier to compute than the exact value and are shown to be meaningful in general and tight in some cases.

Forster, Manuel [Computer Science Department, ETH Zuerich, CH-8092 Zuerich (Switzerland)

2011-06-15T23:59:59.000Z

151

Olefin production via reactive distillation based Olefin metathesis.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Reactive distillation is a combination of a traditional multi-stage distillation column with a chemical reaction. The primary benefits of a reactive distillation process are reduced… (more)

Morrison, Ryan Frederick

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

152

Purification of Indium by Vacuum Distillation - Programmaster.org  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The two-step vacuum distillation were carried out to study the influence of distillation temperature, distillation time on the impurities. At the first step the content of ...

153

Entanglement preservation by continuous distillation  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We study the two-qubit entanglement preservation for a system in the presence of independent thermal baths. We use a combination of filtering operations and distillation protocols as a series of frequent measurements on the system. It is shown that a small fraction of the total amount of available copies of the system preserves or even improves its initial entanglement during the evolution.

Mundarain, D. [Departmento de Fisica, Seccion de Fenomenos Opticos, Universidad Simon Bolivar, Apartado Postal 89000, Caracas 1080A (Venezuela, Bolivarian Republic of); Orszag, M. [Facultad de Fisica, Pontificia Universidad Catolica de Chile, Casilla 306, Santiago 22 (Chile)

2009-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

154

Optimal Control of Distillation Systems  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The optimum performance of a distillation system can be evaluated by examining the product purities, the product recoveries, and the system's capability to respond to small or large, expected or unexpected, plant disturbances. An optimal control system should include accurate instrumentation, closed loop purity control, and a computer system to execute direct digital control with appropriate feed-forward algorithms.

Chatterjee, N.; Suchdeo, S. R.

1984-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

155

Corrosion inhibition for distillation apparatus  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Tower material corrosion in an atmospheric or sub-atmospheric distillation tower in a coal liquefaction process is reduced or eliminated by subjecting chloride-containing tray contents to an appropriate ion-exchange resin to remove chloride from such tray contents materials.

Baumert, Kenneth L. (Emmaus, PA); Sagues, Alberto A. (Lexington, KY); Davis, Burtron H. (Georgetown, KY); Schweighardt, Frank K. (Upper Macungie, PA)

1985-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

156

Binary distillation column design using mathematica  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The accurate design of distillation columns is a very important topic in chemical industry. In this paper, we describe a Mathematica program for the design of distillation columns for binary mixtures. For simplicity, it is assumed that the columns are ...

Akemi Gálvez; Andrés Iglesias

2003-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

157

U.S. Distillate Inventory Outlook  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

When EIA's demand forecast is combined with its outlook for production and net imports, distillate stocks are projected to remain low for the rest of the year. - Distillate fuel...

158

Lynn Price  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Lynn Price China Energy Group Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory 1 Cyclotron Road MS 90R2002 Berkeley CA 94720 Office Location: 90-2108 (510) 486-6519 LKPrice@lbl.gov NOTICE Due...

159

Snuller Price  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Snuller Price Energy and Environmental Economics This speaker was a visiting speaker who delivered a talk or talks on the date(s) shown at the links below. This speaker is not...

160

PRICE GOUGING  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

home heating costs? How will those be affected? With an overall increase in the price of heating oil and natural gas, we expect that there may be an increase in home heating costs...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "distillate price monitoring" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


161

Phillip Price  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

90-2006 (510) 486-7875 PNPrice@lbl.gov Dr. Phillip Price has a Ph.D. in physics from the University of Kentucky, and has worked in the Indoor Environment Department since 1992. In...

162

Distillate Stocks Are Important Part of Northeast Winter Supply  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

The weather alone was not enough to cause the price spike. The low The weather alone was not enough to cause the price spike. The low stocks left the area vulnerable to sudden changes in the market, such as the weather change. Why do stocks matter in the Northeast? Stocks are normally an important part of PADD 1 winter distillate supply. Over the last 5 years, PADD 1 stocks provided about 15% of supply during the peak winter months of January and February. They are the closest source of supply to the consumer. PADD 1 depends on about 60% of its supply from distant sources such as the Gulf Coast or imports, which can take several weeks to travel to the Northeast. Even product from East Coast refineries, if capacity is available, may take a week before it is produced and delivered to the regions needing new supply. Thus, stocks must be able

163

Intermediate Vapor Expansion Distillation and Nested Enrichment Cascade Distillation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Although it is known that incorporating an intermediate reboiler or reflux condenser in a distillation column will improve column efficiency by 15 to 100%, there has been little use of this technique to date." Intermediate vapor compression heat pumping was recently introduced as one practical means of achieving this benefit. Introduced in this paper are two new means having added advantages over compression: intermediate vapor expansion heat pumping, and nested enrichment cascades. In both cases the efficiency advantage is obtained without requiring import of shaft work. With intermediate vapor expansion, the expander is more efficient and less costly than the compressor which achieves comparable improvement in distillation efficiency. With the "nested enrichment" technique, the increased efficiency is obtained without requiring either compressors or expanders.

Erickson, D. C.

1986-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

164

Multiple Steady States in Azeotropic and Reactive Distillation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Introduction . Motivation Overview on the Contributions MSS in Reactive Distillation Conclusions Outline Multiple Steady States (MSS) Overview on the Contributions . The Starting Point . Consolidation . Industrial Applications . Incorporating Reactions MSS in Reactive Distillation Conclusions Outline Multiple Steady States (MSS) Overview on the Contributions MSS in Reactive Distillation . Prediction Method . MTBE Process Conclusions Outline Multiple Steady States (MSS) Overview on the Contributions MSS in Reactive Distillation Conclusions Distillation Overview . Ideal binary / multicomponent distillation . Homogeneous azeotropic distillation -- Heavy entrainer (extractive distillation) -- Intermediate entrainer -- "Boundary scheme" (ligh

Thomas E. Güttinger

1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

165

Crude Oil Affects Gasoline Prices  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Crude Oil Affects Gasoline Prices. WTI Crude Oil Price. Retail Gasoline Price. Source: Energy Information Administration

166

AMMONIA DISTILLATION FOR DEUTERIUM SEPARATION  

SciTech Connect

The relative volatility or separation factor for deuterium enrichment in ammonia distillation was measured at several pressures and deuterium concentrations. The knowledge of this ingormation is very helpful in predicting costs of heawy water production by the ammonia distillation process. It hss been stated by others, that the ammonia distillation process of heawy water production would be competitive with other developed methods only if the actusl separation factor was at least 1.062 at low deuterium concentration. Ungortunately, the measurements do not indicate that the separation factor at low deuterium composition differs greatly from the vapor pressure pre diction ( alpha = 1.042). Deutero-ammonia was synthesized by isotopic exchange between natural ammonia and heavy water. Equilibrium determinations were made using an Othmer still, modified for low temperature operation, and a concentric tube fractionating column. The arnmonia samples were analyzed for deuterium content by converting them to water by flow torough hot copper oxide, followed by a differential density determination using the falling drop method. ( auth)

Petersen, G.T.; Benedict, M.

1960-05-16T23:59:59.000Z

167

SRM Pricing Policy  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... rates are used to calculate the price for each ... Therefore, prices for new lots and renewal issues of ... changed, all SRMs may be re-priced taking into ...

2012-11-16T23:59:59.000Z

168

Pennsylvania Gasoline Price Data  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

- GasBuddy.com Pennsylvania Gas Prices (selected cities) - GasBuddy.com Pennsylvania Gas Prices (organized by county) - Automotive.com Gas Prices of the United States:...

169

Distributive Distillation Enabled by Microchannel Process Technology  

SciTech Connect

The application of microchannel technology for distributive distillation was studied to achieve the Grand Challenge goals of 25% energy savings and 10% return on investment. In Task 1, a detailed study was conducted and two distillation systems were identified that would meet the Grand Challenge goals if the microchannel distillation technology was used. Material and heat balance calculations were performed to develop process flow sheet designs for the two distillation systems in Task 2. The process designs were focused on two methods of integrating the microchannel technology â?? 1) Integrating microchannel distillation to an existing conventional column, 2) Microchannel distillation for new plants. A design concept for a modular microchannel distillation unit was developed in Task 3. In Task 4, Ultrasonic Additive Machining (UAM) was evaluated as a manufacturing method for microchannel distillation units. However, it was found that a significant development work would be required to develop process parameters to use UAM for commercial distillation manufacturing. Two alternate manufacturing methods were explored. Both manufacturing approaches were experimentally tested to confirm their validity. The conceptual design of the microchannel distillation unit (Task 3) was combined with the manufacturing methods developed in Task 4 and flowsheet designs in Task 2 to estimate the cost of the microchannel distillation unit and this was compared to a conventional distillation column. The best results were for a methanol-water separation unit for the use in a biodiesel facility. For this application microchannel distillation was found to be more cost effective than conventional system and capable of meeting the DOE Grand Challenge performance requirements.

Arora, Ravi

2013-01-22T23:59:59.000Z

170

Prices & Trends  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

The U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) collects, analyzes, and disseminates independent and impartial energy information to promote sound policymaking, efficient markets, and public understanding of energy and its interaction with the economy and the environment. Learn about EIA and Energy Department organizations that track energy prices and trends.

171

Innovative Vacuum Distillation for Magnesium Recycling  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Feb 1, 2001 ... TMS Member price: 10.00. Non-member price: 25.00. TMS Student Member price : 10.00. Product In Stock. Description Magnesium recycling ...

172

Catalytic dewaxing of middle distillates  

SciTech Connect

The fractionation and stripping equipment of a middle distillate catalytic dewaxing unit may be eliminated by integrating the catalytic dewaxing unit with a catalytic cracking unit. The light cycle oil sidestream from the cat cracker fractionator, bypasses the sidestream stripper and serves as the feed to the catalytic dewaxing unit. The dewaxed product is separated into a gasoline fraction which is recycled for fractionation in the cat cracker fractionator and a fuel oil fraction which is recycled to the cat cracker sidestream stripper for removal of light materials to produce a low pour fuel oil meeting product specifications.

Antal, M.J.

1982-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

173

Entanglement distillation from quasifree Fermions  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We develop a scheme to distill entanglement from bipartite Fermionic systems in an arbitrary quasifree state. It can be applied if either one system containing infinite one-copy entanglement is available or if an arbitrary amount of equally prepared systems can be used. We show that the efficiency of the proposed scheme is in general very good and in some cases even optimal. Furthermore we apply it to Fermions hopping on an infinite lattice and demonstrate in this context that an efficient numerical analysis is possible for more then 10^6 lattice sites.

Zoltan Kadar; Michael Keyl; Dirk Schlingemann

2010-03-14T23:59:59.000Z

174

U.S. diesel fuel price forecast to be 1 penny lower this summer at $3.94 a gallon  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

diesel fuel price forecast to be 1 penny lower this summer diesel fuel price forecast to be 1 penny lower this summer at $3.94 a gallon The retail price of diesel fuel is expected to average $3.94 a gallon during the summer driving season that which runs from April through September. That's close to last summer's pump price of $3.95, according to the latest monthly energy outlook from the U.S. Energy Information Administration. Demand for distillate fuel, which includes diesel fuel, is expected to be up less than 1 percent from last summer. Daily production of distillate fuel at U.S. refineries is forecast to be 70,000 barrels higher this summer. With domestic distillate output exceeding demand, U.S. net exports of distillate fuel are expected to average 830,000 barrels per day this summer. That's down 12 percent from last summer's

175

Understanding Crude Oil Prices  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

2004. “OPEC’s Optimal Crude Oil Price,” Energy Policy 32(2),percent change in real oil price. Figure 3. Price of crude023 Understanding Crude Oil Prices James D. Hamilton June

Hamilton, James Douglas

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

176

Distillation of Bell states in open systems.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In this work we review the entire classification of 2 × 2 distillable states for protocols with a finite numbers of copies. We show a distillation protocol that allows to distill Bell states with non zero probability at any time for an initial singlet in vacuum. It is shown that the same protocol used in non zero thermal baths yields a considerable recovering of entanglement. 1

E. Isasi; D. Mundarain

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

177

Distillation of Bell states in open systems  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In this work we review the entire classification of 2x2 distillable states for protocols with a finite numbers of copies. We show a distillation protocol that allows to distill Bell states with non zero probability at any time for an initial singlet in vacuum. It is shown that the same protocol used in non zero thermal baths yields a considerable recovering of entanglement.

E. Isasi; D. Mundarain

2009-08-14T23:59:59.000Z

178

Prices by Sales Type, PAD District, and Selected States  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

98.6 75.5 77.3 90.7 86.1 91.1 64.5 See footnotes at end of table. 39. No. 2 Distillate Prices by Sales Type, PAD District, and Selected States 224 Energy Information Administration...

179

Prices by Sales Type, PAD District, and Selected States  

Annual Energy Outlook 2012 (EIA)

96.3 72.5 71.8 87.1 82.9 88.2 62.5 See footnotes at end of table. 39. No. 2 Distillate Prices by Sales Type, PAD District, and Selected States 224 Energy Information Administration...

180

Average Commercial Price  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Residential Price Average Commercial Price Period: Monthly Annual Download Series History Download Series History Definitions, Sources & Notes Definitions, Sources & Notes...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "distillate price monitoring" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


181

Separating lignite hydrogenation sludge by vacuum distillation  

SciTech Connect

Vacuum distillation was studied as a means to separate coal hydrogenation sludge. Additives containing mainly aromatic hydrocarbons intensified the process. 4 refs., 2 figs., 5 tabs.

Gorlov, E.G.; Grobanova, L.T.; Belyavtseva, N.V. [Rossiskaya Akademiya, Nauk (Russian Federation)

1994-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

182

Distillate Demand Strong in December 1999  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Total distillate demand includes both diesel and heating oil. These are similar products. Physically, diesel can be used in the heating oil market, but low sulfur ...

183

Total Atmospheric Crude Oil Distillation Capacity Former ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Former Corporation/Refiner Total Atmospheric Crude Oil Distillation Capacity (bbl/cd)a New Corporation/Refiner Date of Sale Table 14. Refinery Sales During 2005

184

Total Organic Carbon Rejection in Osmotic Distillation.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

?? The osmotic distillation (OD) system is a spacecraft wastewater recycling system designed to produce potable water from human urine and humidity condensate. The OD… (more)

Shaw, Hali Laraelizabeth

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

185

Conceptual Design for Pressure Swing Distillation.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??The separation of homogenous azeotropic mixtures is a common task in the chemical industry. In the literature, pressure swing distillation is often mentioned as an… (more)

Bozzacco, Carmen

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

186

Intelligent fuzzy supervisory control for distillation columns.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Distillation as a separation technique is widely used in the chemical and petroleum industries. With the growth of these industries and the availability of cheap… (more)

Santhanam, Srinivasan

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

187

Tritium Removal Facility High Tritium Distillation Simulation.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??A dynamic model was developed for the distillation mechanism of the Darlington Tritium Removal Facility. The model was created using the commercial software package MATLAB/Simulink.… (more)

Zahedi, Polad

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

188

Vacuum Distillation Refining of Crude Tin - Thermodynamics ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Presentation Title, Vacuum Distillation Refining of Crude Tin - Thermodynamics Analysis and Experiments on the Removal of Arsenic from the Crude Tin.

189

Distillation of liquid fuels by thermogravimetry  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this paper, design and operation of a custom-built thermogravimetric apparatus for the distillation of liquid fuels are reported. Using a sensitive balance with scale of 0.001 g and ASTM distillation glassware, several petroleum and petroleum-derived samples have been analyzed by the thermogravimetric distillation method. When the ASTM distillation glassware is replaced by a micro-scale unit, sample size could be reduced from 100 g to 5-10 g. A computer program has been developed to transfer the data into a distillation plot, e.g. Weight Percent Distilled vs. Boiling Point. It also generates a report on the characteristic distillation parameters, such as, IBP (Initial Boiling Point), FBP (Final Boiling Point), and boiling point at 50 wt% distilled. Comparison of the boiling point distributions determined by TG (thermogravimetry) with those by SimDis GC (Simulated-Distillation Gas Chromatography) on two liquid fuel samples (i.e. a decanted oil and a filtered crude oil) are also discussed in this paper.

Huang, He; Wang, Keyu; Wang, Shaojie; Klein, M.T.; Calkins, W.H.

1996-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

190

Distillate Stocks on the East Coast Were Very Low Entering Last Winter  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

4 4 Notes: So, what happened last winter? At last year's SHOPP conference, my renowned colleague, Joanne Shore, warned of the potential for high prices. At this time last year, distillate stocks were very low. This graph shows East Coast inventories, which at the end of July 2000, were well below the normal band. We focus on the East Coast (PADD 1) because this is a region in which heating oil is a major winter fuel. Furthermore, the East Coast consumes almost 2/3 of the nation's heating oil (high sulfur distillate). East Coast stocks were well below normal last year from July through December, but then actually increased in January, when they typically decline. In fact, the increase was only the 2nd time East Coast distillate stocks have increased in January since EIA has kept PADD level data (1981)!

191

Adjusted Distillate Fuel Oil Sales for Residential Use  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

End Use/ Product: Residential - Distillate Fuel Oil Residential - No. 1 Residential - No. 2 Residential - Kerosene Commercial - Distillate Fuel Oil Commercial - No. 1 Distillate Commercial - No. 2 Distillate Commercial - No. 2 Fuel Oil Commercial - Ultra Low Sulfur Diesel Commercial - Low Sulfur Diesel Commercial - High Sulfur Diesel Commercial - No. 4 Fuel Oil Commercial - Residual Fuel Oil Commercial - Kerosene Industrial - Distillate Fuel Oil Industrial - No. 1 Distillate Industrial - No. 2 Distillate Industrial - No. 2 Fuel Oil Industrial - Low Sulfur Diesel Industrial - High Sulfur Diesel Industrial - No. 4 Fuel Oil Industrial - Residual Fuel Oil Industrial - Kerosene Farm - Distillate Fuel Oil Farm - Diesel Farm - Other Distillate Farm - Kerosene Electric Power - Distillate Fuel Oil Electric Power - Residual Fuel Oil Oil Company Use - Distillate Fuel Oil Oil Company Use - Residual Fuel Oil Total Transportation - Distillate Fuel Oil Total Transportation - Residual Fuel Oil Railroad Use - Distillate Fuel Oil Vessel Bunkering - Distillate Fuel Oil Vessel Bunkering - Residual Fuel Oil On-Highway - No. 2 Diesel Military - Distillate Fuel Oil Military - Diesel Military - Other Distillate Military - Residual Fuel Oil Off-Highway - Distillate Fuel Oil Off-Highway - Distillate F.O., Construction Off-Highway - Distillate F.O., Non-Construction All Other - Distillate Fuel Oil All Other - Residual Fuel Oil All Other - Kerosene Period:

192

Retail Heating Oil and Diesel Fuel Prices  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

7 7 Notes: Because of the higher projected crude oil prices and because of increased tightening in the Northeast heating oil market since the last Outlook, we have raised expected peak prices this winter for residential heating oil deliveries to $1.55 per gallon (January) compared to $1.43 per gallon in last month's projections. This is significantly above the monthly peak reached last winter. Because these figures are monthly averages, we expect some price movements for a few days to be above the values shown on the graph. Primary distillate inventories in the United States failed to rise significantly in November despite some speculation that previous distributions into secondary and tertiary storage would back up burgeoning production and import volumes into primary storage that month. Average

193

Market Monitoring Tools | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Market Monitoring Tools Market Monitoring Tools Use dispatch, profit, revenueoffer price, withholding sensitivities to identify opportunities for local advantage that give some...

194

All Price Tables.vp  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

1) 1) June 2013 State Energy Price and Expenditure Estimates 1970 Through 2011 2011 Price and Expenditure Summary Tables Table E1. Primary Energy, Electricity, and Total Energy Price Estimates, 2011 (Dollars per Million Btu) State Primary Energy Electric Power Sector g,h Retail Electricity Total Energy g,i Coal Natural Gas a Petroleum Nuclear Fuel Biomass Total g,h,i Distillate Fuel Oil Jet Fuel b LPG c Motor Gasoline d Residual Fuel Oil Other e Total Wood and Waste f Alabama 3.09 5.66 26.37 22.77 25.54 27.12 13.18 19.42 25.90 0.61 3.01 8.75 2.56 27.08 19.85 Alaska 3.64 6.70 29.33 23.12 29.76 31.60 20.07 34.62 26.61 - 14.42 20.85 6.36 47.13 25.17 Arizona 1.99 7.07 27.73 22.84 31.95 26.97 17.00 17.23 26.71 0.75 6.31 10.79 2.16 28.46 25.23 Arkansas 1.93 6.94 26.37 22.45 26.66 27.35 17.35 33.22

195

Locally Accessible Information and Distillation of Entanglement  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A new type of complementary relation is found between locally accessible information and final average entanglement for given ensemble. It is also shown that in some well known distillation protocol, this complementary relation is optimally satisfied. We discuss the interesting trade-off between locally accessible information and distillable entanglement for some states.

Sibasish Ghosh; Pramod Joag; Guruprasad Kar; Samir Kunkri; Anirban Roy

2004-03-18T23:59:59.000Z

196

Distillation of Bell states in open systems  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this work we show that the distillation protocol proposed by P. Chen et al. [Phys. Rev. A 54, 3824 (1996)] allows one to distill Bell states at any time for a system evolving in vacuum and prepared in an initial singlet. It is also shown that the same protocol, applied in nonzero temperature thermal baths, yields a considerable recovering of entanglement.

Isasi, E.; Mundarain, D. [Departamento de Fisica, Seccion de Fenomenos Opticos, Universidad Simon Bolivar, Apartado Postal 89000, Caracas 1080A (Venezuela, Bolivarian Republic of)

2010-04-15T23:59:59.000Z

197

Rank three bipartite entangled states are distillable  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We prove that the bipartite entangled state of rank three is distillable. So there is no rank three bipartite bound entangled state. By using this fact, We present some families of rank four states that are distillable. We also analyze the relation between the low rank state and the Werner state.

Lin Chen; Yi-Xin Chen

2008-03-07T23:59:59.000Z

198

Price controls and international petroleum product prices  

SciTech Connect

The effects of Federal refined-product price controls upon the price of motor gasoline in the United States through 1977 are examined. A comparison of domestic and foreign gasoline prices is made, based on the prices of products actually moving in international trade. There is also an effort to ascribe US/foreign market price differentials to identifiable cost factors. Primary emphasis is on price comparisons at the wholesale level, although some retail comparisons are presented. The study also examines the extent to which product price controls are binding, and attempts to estimate what the price of motor gasoline would have been in the absence of controls. The time period under consideration is from 1969 through 1977, with primary focus on price relationships in 1970-1971 (just before US controls) and 1976-1977. The foreign-domestic comparisons are made with respect to four major US cities, namely, Boston, New York, New Orleans, and Los Angeles. 20 figures, 14 tables.

Deacon, R.T.; Mead, W.J.; Agarwal, V.B.

1980-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

199

Predicting the products of crude oil distillation columns.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Crude oil distillation systems, consisting of crude oil distillation columns and the associated heat recovery systems, are highly energy intensive. Heat-integrated design of crude oil… (more)

Liu, Jing

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

200

Vacuum distillation is a key part of the petroleum refining ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

About 80% of the refineries operating in the United States have a vacuum distillation unit (VDU), a secondary processing unit consisting of vacuum distillation columns.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "distillate price monitoring" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


201

GeneDistiller—Distilling Candidate Genes from Linkage Intervals  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Background: Linkage studies often yield intervals containing several hundred positional candidate genes. Different manual or automatic approaches exist for the determination of the gene most likely to cause the disease. While the manual search is very flexible and takes advantage of the researchers ’ background knowledge and intuition, it may be very cumbersome to collect and study the relevant data. Automatic solutions on the other hand usually focus on certain models, remain ‘‘black boxes’ ’ and do not offer the same degree of flexibility. Methodology: We have developed a web-based application that combines the advantages of both approaches. Information from various data sources such as gene-phenotype associations, gene expression patterns and protein-protein interactions was integrated into a central database. Researchers can select which information for the genes within a candidate interval or for single genes shall be displayed. Genes can also interactively be filtered, sorted and prioritised according to criteria derived from the background knowledge and preconception of the disease under scrutiny. Conclusions: GeneDistiller provides knowledge-driven, fully interactive and intuitive access to multiple data sources. It displays maximum relevant information, while saving the user from drowning in the flood of data. A typical query takes less than two seconds, thus allowing an interactive and explorative approach to the hunt for the candidate gene.

Dominik Seelow; Jana Marie Schwarz; Markus Schuelke

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

202

Natural Gas Wellhead Price  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Pipeline and Distribution Use Price City Gate Price Residential Price Percentage of Total Residential Deliveries included in Prices Commercial Price Percentage of Total Commercial Deliveries included in Prices Industrial Price Percentage of Total Industrial Deliveries included in Prices Vehicle Fuel Price Electric Power Price Period: Monthly Annual Pipeline and Distribution Use Price City Gate Price Residential Price Percentage of Total Residential Deliveries included in Prices Commercial Price Percentage of Total Commercial Deliveries included in Prices Industrial Price Percentage of Total Industrial Deliveries included in Prices Vehicle Fuel Price Electric Power Price Period: Monthly Annual Download Series History Download Series History Definitions, Sources & Notes Definitions, Sources & Notes Show Data By: Data Series Area 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 View History U.S. 6.25 7.97 3.67 4.48 3.95 2.66 1922-2012 Alabama 7.44 9.65 4.32 4.46 1967-2010 Alaska 5.63 7.39 2.93 3.17 1967-2010 Arizona 5.98 7.09 3.19 4.11 1967-2010 Arkansas

203

PRICE GOUGING | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

PRICE GOUGING PRICE GOUGING PRICE GOUGING More Documents & Publications PRICE GOUGING Department of Energy Response to Hurricane Katrina Fact Sheet Department of Energy Response to...

204

Distillation: Present Status and Future Directions  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Distillation will undoubtedly continue to be the most-used method for separating liquid mixtures, at any scale of operation. For this reason, and also because of its recognized energy intensiveness, distillation commands continued scrutiny with respect to cost-effective improvements. In this paper, the authors suggest fruitful areas of research that can lead to lower cost distillation separations. The areas of research are classified under the headings of phase equilibrium, material and energy balances, mass transfer efficiencies, equipment design, and system energy consumption. For each of the categories, a summary is given of the present status of the technology as well as directions that improvement-type investigations might take.

Fair, J. R.; Humphrey, J. L.

1984-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

205

On two-distillable Werner states  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We consider bipartite mixed states in a d x d quantum system with d at least 3. We say that such a state is PPT if its partial transpose is positive semidefinite, and otherwise that it is NPT. The well-known Werner states are partitioned into three types: a) the separable states (same as the PPT states), b) the 1-distillable states (necessarily NPT), and c) the NPT states which are not 1-distillable. We give several different formulations and provide further evidence for validity of the conjecture that the type c) Werner states are not 2-distillable.

Dragomir Z. Djokovic

2010-03-23T23:59:59.000Z

206

Diesel prices decrease  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Diesel prices decrease The U.S. average retail price for on-highway diesel fuel fell to 4.05 a gallon on Monday. That's down 4.1 cents from a week ago, based on the weekly price...

207

Diesel prices flat  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Diesel prices flat The U.S. average retail price for on-highway diesel fuel saw no movement from last week. Prices remained flat at 3.89 a gallon on Monday, based on the weekly...

208

Overshooting of agricultural prices  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Rotenberg, Julio J. , "Sticky Prices in the United States,"Monetary Policy on United States Agriculture. A Fix-Price,Flex-Price Approach," Unpublished Ph.D. Disser- tation,

Stamoulis, Kostas G.; Rausser, Gordon C.

1987-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

209

Diesel prices decrease  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Diesel prices decrease The U.S. average retail price for on-highway diesel fuel fell to 3.88 a gallon on Monday. That's down a penny from a week ago, based on the weekly price...

210

Diesel prices decrease  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Diesel prices decrease The U.S. average retail price for on-highway diesel fuel fell to 3.85 a gallon on Monday. That's down 2 cents from a week ago, based on the weekly price...

211

Diesel prices decrease  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Diesel prices decrease The U.S. average retail price for on-highway diesel fuel fell to 3.82 a gallon on Monday. That's down 2.1 cents from a week ago, based on the weekly price...

212

Diesel prices flat nationally  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Diesel prices flat nationally The U.S. average retail price for on-highway diesel fuel remained the same from a week ago at 3.98 a gallon on Monday, based on the weekly price...

213

Diesel prices decrease  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Diesel prices decrease The U.S. average retail price for on-highway diesel fuel fell to 3.87 a gallon on Monday. That's down 1.6 cents from a week ago, based on the weekly price...

214

Diesel prices increase  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Diesel prices increase The U.S. average retail price for on-highway diesel fuel rose to 3.84 a gallon on Monday. That's up 2.2 cents from a week ago, based on the weekly price...

215

Georgia Natural Gas Prices  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Natural Gas Prices ... History; Imports Price: 6.79: 9.71: 3.73: 4.39: 4.20: 2.78: 1999-2012: Pipeline and Distribution Use Price : 1967-2005: ...

216

Michigan Natural Gas Prices  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Natural Gas Prices (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet, except where noted) ... History; Wellhead Price: NA: 5.63: 3.92: 3.79 : 1967-2010: Imports Price: ...

217

Retail Price Changes Lag Spot Prices  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

1 1 Notes: While EIA cannot claim to explain all of the factors that drive retail gasoline prices, we have had a fair amount of success in exploring the relationship between wholesale and retail prices. In particular, we have looked closely at the "pass-through" of changes in spot prices to the retail market. This graph shows a weighted national average of spot prices for regular gasoline -both conventional and reformulated (shown in red), and EIA's weekly survey price for retail regular (again both conventional and reformulated). As you can see, spot prices tend to be more volatile (and would be even more so on a daily basis), while these changes are smoother by the time they reach the retail pump. Furthermore, by looking at the peaks, you can see the retail prices seem to lag the spot price changes

218

Residential Heating Oil Prices  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

We normally collect and publish this data twice a month, but given the low stocks and high prices, we started tracking the prices weekly.

219

Natural Gas Wellhead Price  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

included in Prices Electric Power Price Period: Monthly Annual Download Series History Download Series History Definitions, Sources & Notes Definitions, Sources & Notes...

220

Primer on Gasoline Prices  

Reports and Publications (EIA)

This brochure answers, in laymen's terms, questions such as "What are the components of the retail price of gasoline? Why do gasoline prices fluctuate?

Information Center

2009-07-15T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "distillate price monitoring" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


221

Natural Gas Wellhead Prices  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Slide 19 of 27. Price: Wellhead. Natural gas wellhead prices are projected to move up 5 percent this winter, averaging about $2.28 per Mcf during this ...

222

Crude Oil Price Forecast  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

We believe crude oil prices will strengthen somewhat, but prices will rise much more slowly than they fell, and they are expected to remain lower in ...

223

Distillate Stocks Expected to Remain Low  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

8 Notes: When EIA's demand forecast is combined with its outlook for production and net imports, distillate stocks are projected to remain low for the rest of the year. - Stocks...

224

Distillate Stocks Expected to Remain Low  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

When EIA’s demand forecast is combined with its outlook for production and net imports, distillate stocks are projected to remain low for the rest of the year.

225

Minimizing corrosion in coal liquid distillation  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

In an atmospheric distillation tower of a coal liquefaction process, tower materials corrosion is reduced or eliminated by introduction of boiling point differentiated streams to boiling point differentiated tower regions.

Baumert, Kenneth L. (Emmaus, PA); Sagues, Alberto A. (Lexington, KY); Davis, Burtron H. (Georgetown, KY)

1985-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

226

Distillers Grains: Production, Properties, and Utilization  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

During the past several years, distillers dried grains with solubles (known as DDGS) has become a major feed ingredient in North America, and its use is increasing globally. This book provides a comprehensive summary of the research conducted to determine

227

Forecast U.S. Distillate Stocks  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

EIA is not projecting a large recovery over the summer, but because refineries are forecast to run at high utilization rates, they may produce more distillate than expected and...

228

Entanglement of Distillation and Conditional Mutual Information  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In previous papers, we expressed the Entanglement of Formation in terms of Conditional Mutual Information (CMI). In this brief paper, we express the Entanglement of Distillation in terms of CMI.

Robert R. Tucci

2002-02-25T23:59:59.000Z

229

Development of energy efficient membrane distillation systems  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Membrane distillation (MD) has shown potential as a means of desalination and water purification. As a thermally driven membrane technology which runs at relatively low pressure, which can withstand high salinity feed ...

Summers, Edward K

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

230

Price Liquefied Sabine Pass, LA Natural Gas Exports Price ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Price Liquefied Sabine Pass, LA Natural Gas Exports Price to Brazil (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet)

231

Energy Recovery in Industrial Distillation Processes  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Distillation processes are energy intensive separation processes which present attractive opportunities for energy conservation. Through the use of multistage vapor recompression, heat which is normally unavailable can be delivered at suitably high temperatures resulting in significant energy savings. The distillation process will be reviewed as it relates to both vapor recompression and heat pumping techniques and case study examples of these energy recovery methods will be discussed.

Paul, D. B.

1983-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

232

Multipartite secret key distillation and bound entanglement  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Recently it has been shown that quantum cryptography beyond pure entanglement distillation is possible and a paradigm for the associated protocols has been established. Here we systematically generalize the whole paradigm to the multipartite scenario. We provide constructions of new classes of multipartite bound entangled states, i.e., those with underlying twisted Greenberger-Horne-Zeilinger (GHZ) structure and nonzero distillable cryptographic key. We quantitatively estimate the key from below with the help of the privacy squeezing technique.

Augusiak, Remigiusz; Horodecki, Pawel [Faculty of Applied Physics and Mathematics, Gdansk University of Technology, Narutowicza 11/12, 80-952 Gdansk (Poland) and ICFO-Institute Ciencies Fotoniques, Mediterranean Technology Park, 08860 Castelldefels (Barcelona) (Spain); Faculty of Applied Physics and Mathematics, Gdansk University of Technology, Narutowicza 11/12, 80-952 Gdansk (Poland)

2009-10-15T23:59:59.000Z

233

Ohio Distillate Fuel Oil Stocks at Refineries, Bulk Terminals, and ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Ohio Distillate Fuel Oil Stocks at Refineries, Bulk Terminals, and Natural Gas Plants (Thousand Barrels)

234

Guam Refinery Operable Atmospheric Crude Oil Distillation Capacity ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Guam Refinery Operable Atmospheric Crude Oil Distillation Capacity as of January 1 (Barrels per Calendar Day)

235

Weekly Rocky Mountains (PADD 4) Operable Crude Oil Distillation ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Weekly Rocky Mountains (PADD 4) Operable Crude Oil Distillation Capacity (Thousand Barrels per Calendar Day)

236

Weekly West Coast (PADD 5) Operable Crude Oil Distillation ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Weekly West Coast (PADD 5) Operable Crude Oil Distillation Capacity (Thousand Barrels per Calendar Day)

237

Texas Inland Refining District Operable Crude Oil Distillation ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Texas Inland Refining District Operable Crude Oil Distillation Capacity (Thousand Barrels per Calendar Day)

238

Weekly East Coast (PADD 1) Operable Crude Oil Distillation ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Weekly East Coast (PADD 1) Operable Crude Oil Distillation Capacity (Thousand Barrels per Calendar Day)

239

East Coast Refining District Operable Crude Oil Distillation ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

East Coast Refining District Operable Crude Oil Distillation Capacity (Thousand Barrels per Calendar Day)

240

South Dakota Distillate Fuel Oil Stocks at Refineries, Bulk ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

South Dakota Distillate Fuel Oil Stocks at Refineries, Bulk Terminals, and Natural Gas Plants (Thousand Barrels)

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "distillate price monitoring" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


241

What Is Price Volatility  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

What Is Price Volatility? What Is Price Volatility? The term "price volatility" is used to describe price fluctuations of a commodity. Volatility is measured by the day-to-day percentage difference in the price of the commodity. The degree of variation, not the level of prices, defines a volatile market. Since price is a function of supply and demand, it follows that volatility is a result of the underlying supply and demand characteristics of the market. Therefore, high levels of volatility reflect extraordinary characteristics of supply and/or demand. Prices of basic energy (natural gas, electricity, heating oil) are generally more volatile than prices of other commodities. One reason that energy prices are so volatile is that many consumers are extremely limited in their ability to substitute other fuels when the price, of natural gas

242

State energy price system. Volume I: overview and technical documentation  

SciTech Connect

This study utilizes existing data sources and previous analyses of state-level energy prices to develop consistent state-level energy prices series by fuel type and by end-use sector. The fuels are electricity, natural gas, coal, distillate fuel oil, motor gasoline, diesel, kerosene, jet fuel, residual fuel, and liquefied petroleum gas. The end-use sectors are residential, commercial, industrial, transportation, and electric utility. Based upon an evaluation of existing data sources, recommendations were formulated on the feasible approaches for developing a consistent state energy price series. The data series were compiled based upon the approaches approved after a formal EIA review. Detailed documentation was provided, including annual updating procedures. Recommendations were formulated for future improvements in the collection of data or in data processing. Generally, the geographical coverage includes the 50 states and the District of Columbia. Information on state-level energy use was generally taken from the State Energy Data System (SEDS). Corresponding average US prices are also developed using volumes reported in SEDS. To the extent possible, the prices developed are quantity weighted average retail prices. Both a Btu price series and a physical unit price series are developed for each fuel. The period covered by the data series is 1970 through 1980 for most fuels, though prices for electricity and natural gas extend back to 1960. (PSB)

Fang, J.M.; Nieves, L.A.; Sherman, K.L.; Hood, L.J.

1982-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

243

Do Producer Prices Lead Consumer Prices?  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

increased rapidly. Excluding food and energy, prices of crude materials and intermediate goods rose at annual rates of 7.2 and 16.7 percent, respectively. At the same time, however, prices of consumer goods and services excluding food and energy increased a more modest 2.9 percent. Many analysts are concerned that recent increases in the prices of crude and intermediate goods may be passed through to consumers, resulting in a higher rate of inflation in consumer prices later this year and perhaps in 1996. This article examines whether price increases at the early stages of production should be expected to move through the production chain, leading to increases in consumer prices. In the first section, a review of basic economic theory suggests there should be a pass-through effect—that is, producer prices should lead and thereby help predict consumer prices. A more sophisticated analysis, though, suggests the pass-through effect may be weak. In the second section, an examination of the empirical evidence indicates that producer prices are not always good predictors of consumer prices. The article Todd E. Clark is an economist at the Federal Reserve Bank of Kansas City. Mangal Goswami, a research associate at the bank, helped prepare the article. concludes that the recent increases in some producer prices do not necessarily signal higher inflation.

E. Clark

1994-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

244

Atmospheric Crude Oil Distillation Operable Capacity  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

(Barrels per Calendar Day) (Barrels per Calendar Day) Data Series: Total Number of Operable Refineries Number of Operating Refineries Number of Idle Refineries Atmospheric Crude Oil Distillation Operable Capacity (B/CD) Atmospheric Crude Oil Distillation Operating Capacity (B/CD) Atmospheric Crude Oil Distillation Idle Capacity (B/CD) Atmospheric Crude Oil Distillation Operable Capacity (B/SD) Atmospheric Crude Oil Distillation Operating Capacity (B/SD) Atmospheric Crude Oil Distillation Idle Capacity (B/SD) Vacuum Distillation Downstream Charge Capacity (B/SD) Thermal Cracking Downstream Charge Capacity (B/SD) Thermal Cracking Total Coking Downstream Charge Capacity (B/SD) Thermal Cracking Delayed Coking Downstream Charge Capacity (B/SD Thermal Cracking Fluid Coking Downstream Charge Capacity (B/SD) Thermal Cracking Visbreaking Downstream Charge Capacity (B/SD) Thermal Cracking Other/Gas Oil Charge Capacity (B/SD) Catalytic Cracking Fresh Feed Charge Capacity (B/SD) Catalytic Cracking Recycle Charge Capacity (B/SD) Catalytic Hydro-Cracking Charge Capacity (B/SD) Catalytic Hydro-Cracking Distillate Charge Capacity (B/SD) Catalytic Hydro-Cracking Gas Oil Charge Capacity (B/SD) Catalytic Hydro-Cracking Residual Charge Capacity (B/SD) Catalytic Reforming Charge Capacity (B/SD) Catalytic Reforming Low Pressure Charge Capacity (B/SD) Catalytic Reforming High Pressure Charge Capacity (B/SD) Catalytic Hydrotreating/Desulfurization Charge Capacity (B/SD) Catalytic Hydrotreating Naphtha/Reformer Feed Charge Cap (B/SD) Catalytic Hydrotreating Gasoline Charge Capacity (B/SD) Catalytic Hydrotreating Heavy Gas Oil Charge Capacity (B/SD) Catalytic Hydrotreating Distillate Charge Capacity (B/SD) Catalytic Hydrotreating Kerosene/Jet Fuel Charge Capacity (B/SD) Catalytic Hydrotreating Diesel Fuel Charge Capacity (B/SD) Catalytic Hydrotreating Other Distillate Charge Capacity (B/SD) Catalytic Hydrotreating Residual/Other Charge Capacity (B/SD) Catalytic Hydrotreating Residual Charge Capacity (B/SD) Catalytic Hydrotreating Other Oils Charge Capacity (B/SD) Fuels Solvent Deasphalting Charge Capacity (B/SD) Catalytic Reforming Downstream Charge Capacity (B/CD) Total Coking Downstream Charge Capacity (B/CD) Catalytic Cracking Fresh Feed Downstream Charge Capacity (B/CD) Catalytic Hydro-Cracking Downstream Charge Capacity (B/CD) Period:

245

All Price Tables.vp  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

7) 7) August 2009 State Energy Price and Expenditure Estimates 1970 Through 2007 2007 Price and Expenditure Summary Tables Table S1a. Energy Price Estimates by Source, 2007 (Nominal Dollars per Million Btu) State Primary Energy Electric Power Sector e,f Retail Electricity Total Energy e,g Coal Natural Gas a Petroleum Nuclear Fuel Biomass Total e,f,g Distillate Fuel Oil Jet Fuel LPG b Motor Gasoline Residual Fuel Oil Other c Total Wood and Waste d Alabama 2.17 9.06 19.43 16.20 21.84 21.26 8.46 14.19 19.62 0.42 2.71 7.47 2.29 22.46 16.01 Alaska 2.34 5.76 19.43 16.35 28.63 22.14 11.51 23.69 17.97 - 10.51 14.88 4.94 38.96 17.87 Arizona 1.61 8.44 19.84 16.24 27.16 21.95 10.04 11.27 20.50 0.57 10.86 9.61 2.78 25.02 20.72 Arkansas 1.65 9.33 19.63 15.73 21.10 21.54 8.65 18.76 20.42 0.57 2.66 9.45 1.98 20.57

246

All Price Tables.vp  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

4) 4) June 2007 State Energy Price and Expenditure Estimates 1970 Through 2004 2004 Price and Expenditure Summary Tables Table S1a. Energy Price Estimates by Source, 2004 (Nominal Dollars per Million Btu) State Primary Energy Electric Power Sector d,e Retail Electricity Total Energy d,f Coal Natural Gas Petroleum Nuclear Fuel Biomass c Total d,e,f Distillate Fuel Jet Fuel LPG a Motor Gasoline Residual Fuel Other b Total Alabama 1.57 7.72 11.91 8.82 15.78 13.68 4.78 8.25 12.28 0.43 1.81 5.32 1.68 18.01 11.29 Alaska 1.91 3.59 12.43 9.61 19.64 15.55 3.63 12.09 11.05 - 6.68 9.07 3.18 32.29 11.09 Arizona 1.31 6.84 13.59 9.53 18.40 15.33 5.29 7.23 13.92 0.45 5.90 6.68 2.18 21.83 15.24 Arkansas 1.25 8.09 12.01 8.30 14.80 13.97 4.67 11.02 12.77 0.49 1.79 6.59 1.43 16.76 11.89 California 1.82 7.63 13.58

247

Local purity distillation with bounded classical communication  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Local pure states are an important resource for quantum computing. The problem of distilling local pure states from mixed ones can be cast in an information theoretic paradigm. The bipartite version of this problem where local purity must be distilled from an arbitrary quantum state shared between two parties, Alice and Bob, is closely related to the problem of separating quantum and classical correlations in the state and in particular, to a measure of classical correlations called the one-way distillable common randomness. In Phys. Rev. A 71, 062303 (2005), the optimal rate of local purity distillation is derived when many copies of a bipartite quantum state are shared between Alice and Bob, and the parties are allowed unlimited use of a unidirectional dephasing channel. In the present paper, we extend this result to the setting in which the use of the channel is bounded. We demonstrate that in the case of a classical-quantum system, the expression for the local purity distilled is efficiently computable and provide examples with their tradeoff curves.

Hari Krovi; Igor Devetak

2007-05-28T23:59:59.000Z

248

Copy of PriceTechNotes2011.vp  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Data Data and Methodology Changes in the State Energy Data System Tables and data files in the State Energy Data System (SEDS) supply a new year of data each production cycle. The latest data may be prelimi- nary and, therefore, revised the following cycle. Changes made to con- sumption and price source data for historical years are also regularly incorporated into SEDS. Listed below are changes in SEDS contents beyond the standard updates. Coal Beginning in 2008, the average prices of coal delivered to commercial and institutional users published in the Annual Coal Report are used to estimate commercial coal prices. Nuclear For 2009 forward, state-level nuclear fuel prices are estimated by EIA based on plant-level fuel cost data compiled by SNL Energy. For states with one nuclear power plant, the average fuel cost of all reactors of the same vintage is used. Petroleum Distillate Fuel Oil

249

MTBE Prices Responded to Natural Gas Prices  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

6 6 Notes: On top of the usual factors impacting gasoline prices, natural gas has had some influence recently. MTBE is an oxygenate used in most of the RFG consumed in the U.S. Generally, it follows gasoline prices and its own supply/demand balance factors. But this winter, we saw it respond strongly to natural gas prices. MTBE is made from methanol and isobutylene, which in turn come from methane and butane. Both methane and butane come from natural gas streams. Until this year, the price of natural gas has been so low that it had little effect. But the surge that occurred in December and January pulled MTBE up . Keep in mind that about 11% MTBE is used in a gallon of RFG, so a 30 cent increase in MTBE is only about a 3 cent increase in the price of RFG. While we look ahead at this summer, natural gas prices should be

250

Three Essays on Retail Price Dynamics  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of Reference Prices . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .2.4.5 Reference Prices andChain-Level Prices . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Elberg, Andres

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

251

Appendix A: Fuel Price Forecast Introduction..................................................................................................................................... 1  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Appendix A: Fuel Price Forecast Introduction................................................................................................................................. 3 Price Forecasts............................................................................................................................... 12 Oil Price Forecast Range

252

Distillation of local purity from quantum states  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Recently Horodecki et al. [Phys. Rev. Lett. 90, 100402 (2003)] introduced an important quantum information processing paradigm, in which two parties sharing many copies of the same bipartite quantum state distill local pure states, by means of local unitary operations assisted by a one-way (two-way) completely dephasing channel. Local pure states are a valuable resource from a thermodynamical point of view, since they allow thermal energy to be converted into work by local quantum heat engines. We give a simple information-theoretical characterization of the one-way distillable local purity, which turns out to be closely related to a previously known operational measure of classical correlations, the one-way distillable common randomness.

I. Devetak

2004-06-30T23:59:59.000Z

253

Entanglement Distillation Protocols and Number Theory  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We show that the analysis of entanglement distillation protocols for qudits of arbitrary dimension $D$ benefits from applying basic concepts from number theory, since the set $\\zdn$ associated to Bell diagonal states is a module rather than a vector space. We find that a partition of $\\zdn$ into divisor classes characterizes the invariant properties of mixed Bell diagonal states under local permutations. We construct a very general class of recursion protocols by means of unitary operations implementing these local permutations. We study these distillation protocols depending on whether we use twirling operations in the intermediate steps or not, and we study them both analitically and numerically with Monte Carlo methods. In the absence of twirling operations, we construct extensions of the quantum privacy algorithms valid for secure communications with qudits of any dimension $D$. When $D$ is a prime number, we show that distillation protocols are optimal both qualitatively and quantitatively.

H. Bombin; M. A. Martin-Delgado

2005-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

254

Advanced Distillation: Programs Proposed to DOE  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

EPRI has provided proposal preparation assistance and offered cost share funding assistance for two projects proposed in 2000. EPRI is highly interested, since this technology is applicable in all distillation systems, and since it will increase electric load in capacity increase revamps, probably the best economic targets in the U.S., since capital savings are best here. The approach can typically reduce energy use requirements, cooling (water) requirements, and environmental emissions per pound of distillate by 50%, while substantially reducing capital requirements for capacity increase revamps and new construction. If just 20% of all U.S. distillation were revamped by this approach as apposed to conventional, about 5x10^14 BTUs per year in energy use could be avoided, while increasing production by about 20%. Both the proposed petroleum refining (not awarded) and chemical industry programs and participants are described. As of this writing (1/31/01), chemical industry award selections have not yet been made.

Woinsky, S. G.

2001-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

255

MTBE Prices Responded to Natural Gas Prices  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

On top of the usual factors impacting gasoline prices, natural gas has had some influence recently. ... Both methane and butane come from natural gas streams.

256

Maryland Gasoline Price Data  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Maryland Maryland Exit Fueleconomy.gov The links below are to pages that are not part of the fueleconomy.gov. We offer these external links for your convenience in accessing additional information that may be useful or interesting to you. Selected Cities Baltimore BaltimoreGasPrices.com Automotive.com MapQuest.com Bethesda BethesdaGasPrices.com Automotive.com MapQuest.com Bowie BowieGasPrices.com Automotive.com MapQuest.com Frederick FrederickGasPrices.com Automotive.com MapQuest.com Gaithersburg GaithersburgGasPrices.com Automotive.com MapQuest.com Other Maryland Cities MarylandGasPrices.com (search by city or ZIP code) - GasBuddy.com Maryland Gas Prices (selected cities) - GasBuddy.com Maryland Gas Prices (organized by county) - Automotive.com Gas Prices of the United States: Maryland Cities - MapQuest

257

Massachusetts Gasoline Price Data  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Massachusetts Massachusetts Exit Fueleconomy.gov The links below are to pages that are not part of the fueleconomy.gov. We offer these external links for your convenience in accessing additional information that may be useful or interesting to you. Selected Cities Boston BostonGasPrices.com Automotive.com MapQuest.com Brockton BrocktonGasPrices.com Automotive.com MapQuest.com Cambridge CambridgeGasPrices.com Automotive.com MapQuest.com Fall River FallRiverGasPrices.com Automotive.com MapQuest.com Haverhill HaverhillGasPrices.com Automotive.com MapQuest.com Lawrence LawrenceGasPrices.com Automotive.com MapQuest.com Lowell LowellGasPrices.com Automotive.com MapQuest.com New Bedford NewBedfordGasPrices.com Automotive.com Mapquest.com Taunton TauntonGasPrices.com Automotive.com MapQuest.com

258

Ohio Gasoline Price Data  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Ohio Ohio Exit Fueleconomy.gov The links below are to pages that are not part of the fueleconomy.gov. We offer these external links for your convenience in accessing additional information that may be useful or interesting to you. Selected Cities Akron AkronGasPrices.com Automotive.com Mapquest.com Cincinnati CincinnatiGasPrices.com Automotive.com Mapquest.com Cleveland ClevelandGasPrices.com Automotive.com Mapquest.com Columbus ColumbusGasPrices.com Automotive.com Mapquest.com Dayton DaytonGasPrices.com Automotive.com Mapquest.com Toledo ToledoGasPrices.com Automotive.com Mapquest.com Other Ohio Cities OhioGasPrices.com (search by city or ZIP code) - GasBuddy.com Ohio Gas Prices (selected cities) - GasBuddy.com Ohio Gas Prices (organized by county) - Automotive.com

259

Virginia Gasoline Price Data  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Virginia Virginia Exit Fueleconomy.gov The links below are to pages that are not part of the fueleconomy.gov. We offer these external links for your convenience in accessing additional information that may be useful or interesting to you. Selected Cities Alexandria AlexandriaGasPrices.com Automotive.com Mapquest.com Arlington ArlingtonGasPrices.com Automotive.com Mapquest.com Chesapeake ChesapeakeGasPrices.com Automotive.com Mapquest.com Hampton HamptonGasPrices.com Automotive.com Mapquest.com Newport News NewportNewsGasPrices.com Automotive.com Mapquest.com Norfolk NorfolkGasPrices.com Automotive.com Mapquest.com Portsmouth PortsmouthGasPrices.com Automotive.com Mapquest.com Richmond RichmondGasPrices.com Automotive.com Mapquest.com Virginia Beach VirginiaBeachGasPrices.com Automotive.com Mapquest.com

260

Illinois Gasoline Price Data  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Illinois Illinois Exit Fueleconomy.gov The links below are to pages that are not part of the fueleconomy.gov. We offer these external links for your convenience in accessing additional information that may be useful or interesting to you. Selected Cities Arlington Heights ArlingtonHeightsGasPrices.com Automotive.com MapQuest.com Aurora AuroraGasPrices.com Automotive.com MapQuest.com Bloomington BloomingtonGasPrices.com Automotive.com MapQuest.com Champaign ChampaignGasPrices.com Automotive.com MapQuest.com Chicago ChicagoGasPrices.com Automotive.com MapQuest.com Decatur DecaturGasPrices.com Automotive.com Mapquest.com Elgin ElginGasPrices.com Automotive.com MapQuest.com Joliet JolietGasPrices.com Automotive.com MapQuest.com Naperville NapervilleGasPrices.com Automotive.com MapQuest.com

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "distillate price monitoring" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


261

Oklahoma Gasoline Price Data  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Oklahoma Oklahoma Exit Fueleconomy.gov The links below are to pages that are not part of the fueleconomy.gov. We offer these external links for your convenience in accessing additional information that may be useful or interesting to you. Selected Cities Lawton LawtonGasPrices.com Automotive.com Mapquest.com Norman NormanGasPrices.com Automotive.com Mapquest.com Oklahoma City OklahomaCityGasPrices.com Automotive.com Mapquest.com Tulsa TulsaGasPrices.com Automotive.com Mapquest.com Other Oklahoma Cities OklahomaGasPrices.com (search by city or ZIP code) - GasBuddy.com Oklahoma Gas Prices (selected cities) - GasBuddy.com Oklahoma Gas Prices (organized by county) - Automotive.com Gas Prices of the United States: Oklahoma Cities - MapQuest Oklahoma Gas Prices (organized by county, search by ZIP code) -

262

Tennessee Gasoline Price Data  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Tennessee Tennessee Exit Fueleconomy.gov The links below are to pages that are not part of the fueleconomy.gov. We offer these external links for your convenience in accessing additional information that may be useful or interesting to you. Selected Cities Chattanooga ChattanoogaGasPrices.com Automotive.com Mapquest.com Clarksville ClarksvilleGasPrices.com Automotive.com Mapquest.com Knoxville KnoxvilleGasPrices.com Automotive.com Mapquest.com Memphis MemphisGasPrices.com Automotive.com Mapquest.com Murfreesboro MurfreesboroGasPrices.com Automotive.com Mapquest.com Nashville NashvilleGasPrices.com Automotive.com Mapquest.com Other Tennessee Cities TennesseeGasPrices.com (search by city or ZIP code) - GasBuddy.com Tennessee Gas Prices (selected cities) - GasBuddy.com Tennessee Gas Prices (organized by county) - Automotive.com

263

Wisconsin Gasoline Price Data  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Wisconsin Wisconsin Exit Fueleconomy.gov The links below are to pages that are not part of the fueleconomy.gov. We offer these external links for your convenience in accessing additional information that may be useful or interesting to you. Selected Cities Appleton AppletonGasPrices.com Automotive.com Mapquest.com Eau Claire EauClaireGasPrices.com Automotive.com Mapquest.com Green Bay GreenBayGasPrices.com Automotive.com Mapquest.com Kenosha KenoshaGasPrices.com Automotive.com Mapquest.com Madison MadisonGasPrices.com Automotive.com Mapquest.com Milwaukee MilwaukeeGasPrices.com Automotive.com Mapquest.com Other Wisconsin Cities WisconsinGasPrices.com (search by city or ZIP code) - GasBuddy.com Wisconsin Gas Prices (selected cities) - GasBuddy.com Wisconsin Gas Prices (organized by county) - Automotive.com

264

PRICE & AVAILABILITY UPDATES  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

4.3 Price & Availability Updates File when titles transferred to new supplier..................... 5 4.4 Format of the ‘Day ’ element in Availability Dates......................................................... 5 5 Example of Price & Availability Updates transmission....................................................... 5 6 Price & Availability Updates file header............................................................................. 7 Example of a complete Price & Availability Updates file header....................................... 12 7 Price & Availability Updates “message level ” content...................................................... 13 8 Price & Availability Updates “line level ” content............................................................... 14 Example showing Order "line level " segments NOI to DNC.............................................. 21 9 Price & Availability Updates message trailer.................................................................... 21 10 Price & Availability Updates file trailer............................................................................ 22 NOTE: The TRADACOMS Price & Availability Updates message is not recommended for new implementations. The recommended formats for the communication of book product information are the ONIX for Books Product Information message and Supply Update message.

unknown authors

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

265

Higher Prices from Entry: Pricing of Brand-Name Drugs  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

with Distance Figure 6 Cumulative Unexpected Price Effectsand Paul J. Seguin, "Price Volatility, Trading Volume andGoods in Pharmaceutical Price In- dexes," American Economic

Perloff, Jeffrey M.; Suslow, Valerie Y.; Seguin, Paul J.

1995-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

266

Higher Prices from Entry: Pricing of Brand-Name Drugs  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

4 Bertrand and Cartel Prices Vary with z 7T, CS L Figure 5Distance Cumulative Abnormal Price Changes (%) Dissimilarof New Drug Figure 6 Cumulative Unexpected Price Effects

Perloff, Jeffrey M.; Suslow, Valerie Y.; Seguin, Paul J.

1995-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

267

State Volume Price Volume Price Volume Price Volume Price Volume Price  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

7 7 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 State Volume Price Volume Price Volume Price Volume Price Volume Price Pipeline (Canada) Eastport, ID..................... 830,351 3.79 802,182 4.71 759,647 2.83 R 623,652 4.72 707,885 5.30 Calais, ME ...................... 123,521 4.50 152,486 4.47 124,991 3.49 R 115,301 R 5.85 102,292 6.44 Detroit, MI ....................... 6,171 3.82 405 9.34 1,948 3.56 2,514 5.96 1,117 6.27 Marysville, MI.................. 0 -- 0 -- 74 3.95 0 -- 303 7.80 St. Clair, MI..................... 17,198 4.45 21,747 4.54 28,441 3.19 5,202 5.84 22,853 6.50 International Falls, MN .... 3,022 2.77 617 4.85 602 3.01 0 -- 0 -- Noyes, MN...................... 469,361 3.75 448,898 4.19 402,621 3.09 R 359,801 5.04 399,298 5.77 Warroad, MN .................. 4,576 3.95 5,318 4.52

268

Electric Driven Heat Pumps in Distillation Processes  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Radian Corporation, under contract to the Electric Power Research Institute, has recently completed a study of the potential range of application for retrofitting electric driven heat pumps to existing distillation columns. A computerized evaluation program was developed, consisting of simulation, cost estimation, and economics analysis. The simulations were done using the PROCESS simulation package, while the cost and economics analysis routines were developed by Radian. This paper summarizes the results of the evaluations of retrofits to four generic distillation processes. In addition, the bases of the evaluation programs and the results of several peripheral tasks are described briefly.

Harris, G. E.

1983-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

269

Conversion to Dual Fuel Capability in Combustion Turbine Plants: Addition of Distillate Oil Firing for Combined Cycles  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

During development of combined cycle projects, key assumptions and estimates regarding markets and technology on which the project is based may change. With fuel costs of combined cycle plants representing over 90 percent of annual operating cost, sudden changes in fuel pricing demand attention and re-evaluation. Conversion from natural gas fuel only to dual fuel capability with the addition of distillate oil firing systems is a technical response to market conditions that may have long-term as well as s...

2001-09-26T23:59:59.000Z

270

Examination Procedure for Price Verification  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... advertised or displayed at the same price that was ... to permit 2 % of products to be inaccurately priced? ... overall quality of a store's pricing practices. ...

2013-06-28T23:59:59.000Z

271

C. Uniform Unit Pricing Regulation  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... to permit retail stores that voluntarily provide unit pricing to present prices using various ... with requirements that specify that the unit price is to be ...

2013-10-25T23:59:59.000Z

272

All Price Tables.vp  

Annual Energy Outlook 2012 (EIA)

8. Coal and Retail Electricity Prices and Expenditures, Ranked by State, 2011 Rank Coal Retail Electricity Prices Expenditures Prices Expenditures State Dollars per Million Btu...

273

South Carolina Natural Gas Prices  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Natural Gas Prices (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet, except where noted) ... History; Pipeline and Distribution Use Price : 1967-2005: Citygate Price: ...

274

Table 7.4 Average Prices of Selected Purchased Energy Sources, 2002  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

4 Average Prices of Selected Purchased Energy Sources, 2002;" 4 Average Prices of Selected Purchased Energy Sources, 2002;" " Level: National and Regional Data; " " Row: Values of Shipments and Employment Sizes;" " Column: Energy Sources;" " Unit: U.S. Dollars per Physical Units." " ",," "," ",," "," " ,,"Residual","Distillate","Natural ","LPG and",,"RSE" "Economic","Electricity","Fuel Oil","Fuel Oil(b)","Gas(c)","NGL(d)","Coal","Row" "Characteristic(a)","(kWh)","(gallons)","(gallons)","(1000 cu ft)","(gallons)","(short tons)","Factors"

275

"Table E8.1. Average Prices of Selected Purchased Energy Sources, 1998;"  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

1. Average Prices of Selected Purchased Energy Sources, 1998;" 1. Average Prices of Selected Purchased Energy Sources, 1998;" " Level: National and Regional Data; " " Row: Values of Shipments and Employment Sizes;" " Column: Energy Sources;" " Unit: U.S. Dollars per Physical Units." " ",," "," ",," "," " ,,"Residual","Distillate",,"LPG and",,"RSE" "Economic","Electricity","Fuel Oil","Fuel Oil(b)","Natural Gas(c)","NGL(d)","Coal","Row" "Characteristic(a)","(kWh)","(gallons)","(gallons)","(1000 cu ft)","(gallons)","(short tons)","Factors"

276

"Table E8.2. Average Prices of Selected Purchased Energy Sources, 1998;"  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

2. Average Prices of Selected Purchased Energy Sources, 1998;" 2. Average Prices of Selected Purchased Energy Sources, 1998;" " Level: National and Regional Data; " " Row: Values of Shipments and Employment Sizes;" " Column: Energy Sources;" " Unit: U.S. Dollars per Million Btu." " ",," "," ",," "," ","RSE" "Economic",,"Residual","Distillate",,"LPG and",,"Row" "Characteristic(a)","Electricity","Fuel Oil","Fuel Oil(b)","Natural Gas(c)","NGL(d)","Coal","Factors" ,"Total United States"

277

Table 7.5 Average Prices of Selected Purchased Energy Sources, 2002  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

5 Average Prices of Selected Purchased Energy Sources, 2002;" 5 Average Prices of Selected Purchased Energy Sources, 2002;" " Level: National and Regional Data; " " Row: Values of Shipments and Employment Sizes;" " Column: Energy Sources;" " Unit: U.S. Dollars per Million Btu." " ",," "," ",," "," ","RSE" "Economic",,"Residual","Distillate","Natural ","LPG and",,"Row" "Characteristic(a)","Electricity","Fuel Oil","Fuel Oil(b)","Gas(c)","NGL(d)","Coal","Factors" ,"Total United States"

278

"Table A25. Average Prices of Selected Purchased Energy Sources by Census"  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

. Average Prices of Selected Purchased Energy Sources by Census" . Average Prices of Selected Purchased Energy Sources by Census" " Region, Industry Group, and Selected Industries, 1991: Part 1" " (Estimates in Dollars per Physical Unit)" ,,,,," " " "," "," ","Residual","Distillate","Natural Gas(c)"," "," ","RSE" "SIC"," ","Electricity","Fuel Oil","Fuel Oil(b)","(1000","LPG","Coal","Row" "Code(a)","Industry Groups and Industry","(kWh)","(gallon)","(gallon)","cu ft)","(gallon)","(short ton)","Factors"

279

Heat integrated distillation in a plate-packing HIDiC.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Distillation is an energy intensive separation method. To improve the exergetic efficiency of a distillation column, it can be designed as a heat integrated distillation… (more)

Krikken, T.

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

280

Natural Gas Spot Prices:  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

4 of 26 4 of 26 Notes: Spot wellhead prices last summer averaged well over $4.00 per thousand cubic feet during a normally low-price season. During the fall, these prices stayed above $5.00 per thousand cubic feet, more than double the year-ago average price. In January, the spot wellhead price averaged a record $8.98 per thousand cubic feet. Spot prices at the wellhead have never been this high for such a prolonged period. The chief reason for these sustained high gas prices was, and still is, uneasiness about the supply situation. Concern about the adequacy of winter supplies loomed throughout most of the summer and fall as storage levels remained significantly depressed. Last December, the most severe assumptions about low storage levels became real, when the spot price

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "distillate price monitoring" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


281

Understanding Crude Oil Prices  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

2004. “OPEC’s Optimal Crude Oil Price,” Energy Policy 32(2),Figure 3. Price of crude oil contract maturing December ofbarrels per day. Monthly crude oil production Iran Iraq

Hamilton, James Douglas

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

282

Diesel prices decrease slightly  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Diesel prices decrease slightly The U.S. average retail price for on-highway diesel fuel fell slightly to 3.84 a gallon on Monday. That's down 3-tenths of a penny from a week ago,...

283

Diesel prices rise slightly  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Diesel prices rise slightly The U.S. average retail price for on-highway diesel fuel rose slightly to 4.16 a gallon on Monday. That's up 2-tenths of a penny from a week ago, based...

284

Diesel prices slightly decrease  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

3, 2013 Diesel prices slightly decrease The U.S. average retail price for on-highway diesel fuel fell to 3.87 a gallon on Monday. That's down 1.1 cents from a week ago, based on...

285

Diesel prices slightly decrease  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Diesel prices slightly decrease The U.S. average retail price for on-highway diesel fuel fell slightly to 3.84 a gallon on Monday. That's down 8-tenths of a penny from a week ago,...

286

Diesel prices increase nationally  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Diesel prices increase nationally The U.S. average retail price for on-highway diesel fuel rose to 3.91 a gallon on Monday. That's up 1.3 cents from a week ago, based on the...

287

Florida Natural Gas Prices  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Natural Gas Prices (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet, except where noted) ... History; Citygate Price: 4.79: 4.68: 4.54: 4.47: 4.26: 4.33: 1989-2013: ...

288

Michigan Natural Gas Prices  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Natural Gas Prices (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet, except where noted) Area: ... History; Citygate Price: 4.74: 4.99: 4.52: 4.48: 4.13: NA: ...

289

Maine Natural Gas Prices  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Natural Gas Prices (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet, except where noted) ... History; Citygate Price: 6.72: 8.18: 11.03: NA: NA: 7.19: 1989-2013: ...

290

Pennsylvania Natural Gas Prices  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Natural Gas Prices (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet, except where noted) ... History; Citygate Price: 6.14: 7.58: 8.34: 7.51: 7.39: 6.16: 1989-2013: ...

291

Alabama Natural Gas Prices  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Natural Gas Prices (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet, except where noted) Area: ... History; Citygate Price: 4.81: 5.12: 5.31: 4.92: 4.64: NA: ...

292

Career Services Pricing Information  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Job/Resume Posting and Prices Career Services Pricing Information Career Services Career Services chemistry jobs classifieds employment fats global help wanted job Jobs member membership network oils science jobs ...

293

Diesel prices decrease  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

to 3.88 a gallon on Monday. That's down 0.4 cents from a week ago, based on the weekly price survey by the U.S. Energy Information Administration. Diesel prices were highest in...

294

Retail Propane Prices  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

6 Notes: Consistent with spot prices, residential propane prices have been higher all winter than during the past several years. The recent surge is mainly the result of the surge...

295

Energy Conservation Options in Distillation Processes  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This paper summarizes the results of a survey of energy conservation options applicable to distillation processes. Over twenty such options were identified, and eight of these were selected for detailed presentation. These options were chosen on the basis of good economics, applicability to retrofit situations, and/or the use of novel technology.

Harris, G. E.; Hearn, W. R.; Blythe, G. M.; Stuart, J. M.

1980-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

296

Edgeworth Price Cycles, Cost-based Pricing and Sticky Pricing in Retail Gasoline Markets  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Asymmetrically to Crude Oil Price Changes? ”, QuarterlyS. , A. Shepard. “Sticky Prices, Inventories, and MarketGas Wars: Retail Gasoline Price Fluctua- tions”, Review of

Noel, Michael

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

297

Asymmetric Wholesale Pricing: Theory and Evidence  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Asymmetric pricing or asymmetric price adjustment is the phenomenon where prices rise more readily than they fall. We offer and provide empirical support for a new theory of asymmetric pricing in wholesale prices. Wholesale prices may adjust asymmetrically ... Keywords: asymmetric price adjustment, asymmetric pricing, channel of distribution, channel pricing, cost of price adjustment, economic model, menu cost, retailing, scanner data, wholesale price

Sourav Ray; Haipeng (Allan) Chen; Mark E. Bergen; Daniel Levy

2006-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

298

Price Sound Laboratory  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Price Sound Laboratory. NVLAP Lab Code: 200874-0. Address and Contact Information: 638 RALEIGH STREET WINNIPEG ...

2013-10-31T23:59:59.000Z

299

EIA Energy Prices  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

This publication includes total energy production, consumption, and trade; energy prices; overviews of petroleum, natural gas, coal, electricity, nuclear energy, ...

300

EIA Oil price timeline  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Crude oil, gasoline, heating oil, diesel, propane, ... Sales, revenue and prices, power plants, fuel use, stocks, generation, trade, demand & emissions.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "distillate price monitoring" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


301

Real-time pricing -- supplanted by Price-risk derivatives?  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Future trends in pricing options for wholesale electrical generation are discussed. Specifically, the effect of price derivatives on electricity consumption are examined. Economic analyses are presented for customer demand in real-time pricing scenarios with and without a price derivative hedge. It is determined that consumption will be curtailed even when price caps have been purchased. Consumption behavior is also analyzed to determine the effect of different price caps; regardless of price, consumption is curtailed in response to price.

O`Sheasy, M.

1997-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

302

Lower Atlantic (PADD 1C) Distillate Fuel Oil and Kerosene ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Railroad : Distillate Fuel Oil: 300,889: 274,739: 263,252: 232,429: 230,287: 254,322: 1984-2012: Vessel Bunkering : Distillate Fuel Oil: 275,489: ...

303

California Adjusted Distillate Fuel Oil and Kerosene Sales by ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Railroad : Distillate Fuel Oil: 309,249: 232,151: 190,082: 225,123: 257,297: 241,967: 1984-2012: Vessel Bunkering : Distillate Fuel Oil: 101,932: ...

304

Rocky Mountain (PADD4) Distillate Fuel Oil and Kerosene Sales ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Railroad : Distillate Fuel Oil: 262,644: 222,054: 212,571: 228,200: 245,446: 214,160: 1984-2012: Vessel Bunkering : Distillate Fuel Oil: 27: 26: 19: ...

305

Kentucky Distillate Fuel Oil and Kerosene Sales by End Use  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Railroad : Distillate Fuel Oil: 170,042: 94,124: 48,002: 42,101: 67,347: 61,840: 1984-2012: Vessel Bunkering : Distillate Fuel Oil: 91,516: 104,387: ...

306

Pennsylvania Distillate Fuel Oil and Kerosene Sales by End Use  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Railroad : Distillate Fuel Oil: 118,670: 113,851: 90,800: 124,258: 146,291: 140,663: 1984-2012: Vessel Bunkering : Distillate Fuel Oil: 25,735: ...

307

Georgia Distillate Fuel Oil and Kerosene Sales by End Use  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Railroad : Distillate Fuel Oil: 78,927: 69,710: 62,072: 63,770: 71,374: 63,902: 1984-2012: Vessel Bunkering : Distillate Fuel Oil: 14,016: 10,831: ...

308

Illinois Distillate Fuel Oil and Kerosene Sales by End Use  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Railroad : Distillate Fuel Oil: 40,116: 51,287: 55,322: 72,188: 58,526: 63,808: 1984-2012: Vessel Bunkering : Distillate Fuel Oil: 71,805: 101,851: ...

309

Ohio Distillate Fuel Oil and Kerosene Sales by End Use  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Railroad : Distillate Fuel Oil: 333,069: 316,926: 206,134: 179,048: 203,135: 175,258: 1984-2012: Vessel Bunkering : Distillate Fuel Oil: 12,122: ...

310

Weekly U.S. Exports of Total Distillate (Thousand Barrels ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Weekly U.S. Exports of Total Distillate (Thousand Barrels per Day) Year-Month Week 1 Week 2 Week 3 ... Exports of Distillate Fuel Oil ; U.S. Imports ...

311

U.S. Distillate Stocks - Energy Information Administration  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Slide 5 of 27. Distillate Stocks. This slide shows the average U.S. distillate stock pattern -- building in the summer and fall, then being drawn down through the ...

312

Table 50. Prime Supplier Sales Volumes of Distillate Fuel Oils...  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

50. Prime Supplier Sales Volumes of Distillate Fuel Oils and Kerosene by PAD District and State (Thousand Gallons per Day) Geographic Area Month Kerosene No. 1 Distillate No. 2...

313

Wisconsin Natural Gas Prices  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Pipeline and Distribution Use Price 1967-2005 Citygate Price 8.04 8.71 6.70 6.14 5.65 4.88 1984-2012 Residential Price 12.02 12.81 10.76 10.34 9.77 9.23 1967-2012 Percentage of...

314

U.S. Distillate Inventory Outlook - Energy Information Administration  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

U.S. Distillate Inventory Outlook. Sources: History: EIA; Projections: Short-Term Energy Outlook, January 2001.

315

U.S. Distillate Inventory Outlook - Energy Information Administration  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

U.S. Distillate Inventory Outlook. Sources: History: EIA; Projections: Short-Term Energy Outlook, December 2000

316

Distilling one-qubit magic states into Toffoli states  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

For certain quantum architectures and algorithms, most of the required resources are consumed during the distillation of one-qubit magic states for use in performing Toffoli gates. I show that the overhead for magic-state distillation can be reduced by merging distillation with the implementation of Toffoli gates. The resulting routine distills 8 one-qubit magic states directly to a Toffoli state, which can be used without further magic to perform a Toffoli gate.

Bryan Eastin

2012-12-19T23:59:59.000Z

317

East Coast (PADD 1) Refinery Vacuum Distillation Downstream Charge ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

East Coast (PADD 1) Refinery Vacuum Distillation Downstream Charge Capacity as of January 1 (Barrels per Stream Day)

318

Puerto Rico Refinery Operable Atmospheric Crude Oil Distillation ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Puerto Rico Refinery Operable Atmospheric Crude Oil Distillation Capacity as of January 1 (Barrels per Calendar Day)

319

Interpolation of recurrence and hashing entanglement distillation protocols  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We construct new entanglement distillation protocols by interpolating between the recurrence and hashing protocols. This leads to asymptotic two-way distillation protocols, resulting in an improvement of the distillation rate for all mixed Bell diagonal entangled states, even for the ones with very high fidelity. We also present a method how entanglement-assisted distillation protocols can be converted into non-entanglement-assisted protocols with the same yield.

Karl Gerd H. Vollbrecht; Frank Verstraete

2004-04-20T23:59:59.000Z

320

U.S. Refinery Operating Atmospheric Crude Oil Distillation ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

U.S. Refinery Operating Atmospheric Crude Oil Distillation Capacity as of January 1 (Barrels per Calendar Day)

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "distillate price monitoring" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


321

U.S. Refinery Operable Atmospheric Crude Oil Distillation Capacity ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

U.S. Refinery Operable Atmospheric Crude Oil Distillation Capacity as of January 1 (Barrels per Calendar Day)

322

U.S. Refinery Operable Atmospheric Crude Oil Distillation Capacity ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

U.S. Refinery Operable Atmospheric Crude Oil Distillation Capacity as of January 1 (Barrels per Stream Day)

323

Interpolation of recurrence and hashing entanglement distillation protocols  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We construct interesting entanglement distillation protocols by interpolating between the recurrence and hashing protocols. This leads to asymptotic two-way distillation protocols, resulting in an improvement of the distillation rate for all mixed Bell diagonal entangled states, even for the ones with very high fidelity. We also present a method for how entanglement-assisted distillation protocol can be converted into nonentanglement-assisted protocols with the same yield.

Vollbrecht, Karl Gerd H.; Verstraete, Frank [Max-Planck-Institut fuer Quantenoptik, Hans-Kopfermann-Str. 1, D-85748 Garching (Germany)

2005-06-15T23:59:59.000Z

324

Utility spot pricing study : Wisconsin  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Spot pricing covers a range of electric utility pricing structures which relate the marginal costs of electric generation to the prices seen by utility customers. At the shortest time frames prices change every five ...

Caramanis, Michael C.

1982-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

325

Multiple copy distillation and purification of phase diffused squeezed states  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We provide a detailed theoretical analysis of multiple copy purification and distillation protocols for phase diffused squeezed states of light. The standard iterative distillation protocol is generalized to a collective purification of an arbitrary number of N copies. We also derive a semi-analytical expression for the asymptotic limit of the iterative distillation and purification protocol and discuss its properties.

Petr Marek; Jaromir Fiurasek; Boris Hage; Alexander Franzen; James DiGugliemo; Roman Schnabel

2007-08-10T23:59:59.000Z

326

Control of binary distillation column using fuzzy PI controllers  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this paper the automatic control of a binary distillation column is described. This control is done with fuzzy logic controllers. After a short explanation of the function and dynamic of a binary distillation column, it's operating and control strategies ... Keywords: binary distillation column, fuzzy inference system, simulation

Shahram Javadi; Jabber Hosseini

2009-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

327

Application for testing control configurations of binary distillation columns  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The paper addresses the problem of testing various control configurations for binary distillation columns. Analyzing from plantwide control point of view the place of distillation column within the plant, the result will be the best control configuration. ... Keywords: composition control, distillation columns, dynamic simulations, plantwide control

Sanda Mihalache; Marian Popescu

2007-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

328

All Price Tables.vp  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

. Primary Energy, Electricity, and Total Energy Price Estimates, 2011 . Primary Energy, Electricity, and Total Energy Price Estimates, 2011 (Dollars per Million Btu) State Primary Energy Electric Power Sector g,h Retail Electricity Total Energy g,i Coal Natural Gas a Petroleum Nuclear Fuel Biomass Total g,h,i Distillate Fuel Oil Jet Fuel b LPG c Motor Gasoline d Residual Fuel Oil Other e Total Wood and Waste f Alabama 3.09 5.66 26.37 22.77 25.54 27.12 13.18 19.42 25.90 0.61 3.01 8.75 2.56 27.08 19.85 Alaska 3.64 6.70 29.33 23.12 29.76 31.60 20.07 34.62 26.61 - 14.42 20.85 6.36 47.13 25.17 Arizona 1.99 7.07 27.73 22.84 31.95 26.97 17.00 17.23 26.71 0.75 6.31 10.79 2.16 28.46 25.23 Arkansas 1.93 6.94 26.37 22.45 26.66 27.35 17.35 33.22 27.02 0.64 3.31 10.54 2.13 22.02 19.63 California 3.13 7.08 27.34 22.51 31.21 30.02 20.92 21.45 27.51 0.71 4.88 17.99 3.32 38.35 24.14 Colorado 1.73 6.79 26.86 22.41 26.35

329

All Price Tables.vp  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

E5. Industrial Sector Energy Price Estimates, 2011 E5. Industrial Sector Energy Price Estimates, 2011 (Dollars per Million Btu) State Primary Energy Retail Electricity Total Energy f Coal Natural Gas a Petroleum Biomass Total f Coking Coal Steam Coal Total Distillate Fuel Oil LPG b Motor Gasoline c Residual Fuel Oil Other d Total Wood and Waste e Alabama 6.55 3.51 5.05 5.47 23.50 20.64 27.12 15.33 16.04 19.15 2.86 7.07 18.31 9.35 Alaska - 3.14 3.14 3.79 29.30 28.31 31.60 - 16.62 29.00 1.68 28.83 46.04 31.77 Arizona - 2.75 2.75 6.77 24.82 30.18 26.97 17.00 11.76 20.94 1.73 15.37 19.21 16.60 Arkansas - 3.25 3.25 7.33 23.96 21.04 27.35 15.63 23.43 23.98 2.85 9.64 16.51 11.09 California - 3.64 3.64 6.91 25.09 30.50 30.02 15.24 16.13 22.74 2.78 10.53 29.62 13.48 Colorado - 2.05 2.05 6.23 24.57 27.92 27.21 - 12.42 21.99 1.73 12.77 20.69 15.14 Connecticut - - - 8.91 24.08 32.13 28.99 17.52 21.70 25.08 1.68

330

All Price Tables.vp  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

E3. Residential Sector Energy Price Estimates, 2011 E3. Residential Sector Energy Price Estimates, 2011 (Dollars per Million Btu) State Primary Energy Retail Electricity Total Energy e Coal a Natural Gas b Petroleum Biomass Total e Distillate Fuel Oil Kerosene LPG c Total Wood d Alabama - 14.85 24.64 25.42 29.36 29.27 11.31 16.62 32.52 27.93 Alaska - 8.66 26.33 30.13 38.46 27.10 15.22 14.20 51.63 21.50 Arizona - 14.85 28.06 32.11 35.22 35.20 15.22 17.30 32.48 28.11 Arkansas - 11.29 25.11 25.91 29.94 29.87 11.31 13.58 26.42 21.28 California - 9.74 28.37 32.46 34.00 33.86 15.22 11.24 43.30 22.35 Colorado - 8.00 24.88 26.09 26.46 26.45 15.22 9.69 33.02 16.54 Connecticut - 13.46 25.47 29.35 35.42 26.44 9.07 20.79 53.06 29.71 Delaware - 14.94 24.45 26.41 32.22 28.65 11.31 19.80 40.15 29.64 Dist. of Col. - 12.86 25.92 - 34.15 25.93 11.31 13.07 39.26 22.36 Florida - 17.89 27.10 27.64 40.75 40.36 11.31

331

All Price Tables.vp  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

E2. Total End-Use Energy Price Estimates, 2011 E2. Total End-Use Energy Price Estimates, 2011 (Dollars per Million Btu) State Primary Energy Retail Electricity Total Energy g Coal Natural Gas a Petroleum Biomass Total g Distillate Fuel Oil Jet Fuel b LPG c Motor Gasoline d Residual Fuel Oil Other e Total Wood and Waste f Alabama 5.05 8.14 26.40 22.77 25.54 27.12 13.18 19.42 25.91 3.03 17.63 27.08 19.85 Alaska 3.81 8.66 29.58 23.12 29.76 31.60 17.33 34.62 26.69 14.42 23.53 47.13 25.17 Arizona 2.75 11.12 27.75 22.84 31.95 26.97 17.00 17.23 26.72 11.92 23.93 28.46 25.23 Arkansas 3.25 8.63 26.39 22.45 26.66 27.35 15.63 33.22 27.03 3.33 18.97 22.02 19.63 California 3.64 8.19 27.34 22.51 31.21 30.02 20.92 23.47 27.60 6.72 21.50 38.35 24.14 Colorado 2.31 7.47 26.87 22.41 26.35 27.21 - 19.97 26.25 14.80 19.48 27.61 21.07 Connecticut - 10.42 26.69 22.95 32.04 28.99 15.83 28.58 28.10 8.15 23.26

332

All Price Tables.vp  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

E7. Electric Power Sector Energy Price Estimates, 2011 E7. Electric Power Sector Energy Price Estimates, 2011 (Dollars per Million Btu) State Coal Natural Gas a Petroleum Nuclear Fuel Biomass Electricity Imports c,d Total Energy e Distillate Fuel Oil Petroleum Coke Residual Fuel Oil Total Wood and Waste b Alabama 2.87 4.28 22.05 - - 22.05 0.61 2.43 - 2.56 Alaska 3.35 4.97 23.21 - 20.89 22.50 - - 12.44 6.36 Arizona 1.98 4.94 23.18 - - 23.18 0.75 2.43 12.44 2.16 Arkansas 1.91 4.64 21.73 - 20.44 21.55 0.64 2.43 - 2.13 California 2.21 4.61 23.74 2.88 25.21 3.56 0.71 3.60 12.44 3.32 Colorado 1.72 4.80 23.63 - - 23.63 - 2.43 12.44 2.33 Connecticut 3.68 4.97 22.15 - 17.75 18.40 0.65 2.43 12.44 2.76 Delaware 3.41 4.94 21.93 - 17.24 20.99 - 2.43 - 4.51 Dist. of Col. - 4.98 21.93 - - 21.93 - - - 15.33 Florida 3.53 5.77 21.99 3.82 17.27 9.99 0.77 2.43 - 4.53 Georgia 3.75 4.64 22.85 - 19.14 22.56 0.75 2.43 - 3.03 Hawaii 1.66 -

333

All Price Tables.vp  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

E4. Commercial Sector Energy Price Estimates, 2011 E4. Commercial Sector Energy Price Estimates, 2011 (Dollars per Million Btu) State Primary Energy Retail Electricity Total Energy f Coal Natural Gas a Petroleum Biomass Total f Distillate Fuel Oil Kerosene LPG b Motor Gasoline c Residual Fuel Oil Total d Wood and Waste e Alabama - 12.17 23.42 25.42 23.23 27.12 - 23.46 11.31 15.30 30.70 25.76 Alaska 3.82 8.66 26.53 30.13 23.15 31.60 - 26.67 15.22 12.95 44.25 19.34 Arizona - 9.86 24.91 32.11 24.68 26.97 - 25.02 11.48 13.07 27.83 23.48 Arkansas - 8.77 23.87 25.91 23.68 27.35 - 24.08 10.40 10.50 21.98 15.92 California - 8.12 25.18 32.46 24.94 30.02 - 25.27 3.91 11.05 38.24 26.43 Colorado 2.58 7.60 23.44 26.09 21.42 27.21 - 22.89 15.22 9.40 27.67 18.37 Connecticut - 8.25 26.27 29.35 26.34 28.99 17.52 26.31 9.07 12.92 45.64 26.52 Delaware - 13.20 22.31 26.41 25.04 28.08 - 23.76 11.31 14.95 31.18 23.51

334

Average Residential Price  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Citygate Price Residential Price Commercial Price Industrial Price Electric Power Price Gross Withdrawals Gross Withdrawals From Gas Wells Gross Withdrawals From Oil Wells Gross Withdrawals From Shale Gas Wells Gross Withdrawals From Coalbed Wells Repressuring Nonhydrocarbon Gases Removed Vented and Flared Marketed Production NGPL Production, Gaseous Equivalent Dry Production Imports By Pipeline LNG Imports Exports Exports By Pipeline LNG Exports Underground Storage Capacity Gas in Underground Storage Base Gas in Underground Storage Working Gas in Underground Storage Underground Storage Injections Underground Storage Withdrawals Underground Storage Net Withdrawals Total Consumption Lease and Plant Fuel Consumption Pipeline & Distribution Use Delivered to Consumers Residential Commercial Industrial Vehicle Fuel Electric Power Period: Monthly Annual

335

Average Residential Price  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Citygate Price Residential Price Commercial Price Industrial Price Electric Power Price Gross Withdrawals Gross Withdrawals From Gas Wells Gross Withdrawals From Oil Wells Gross Withdrawals From Shale Gas Wells Gross Withdrawals From Coalbed Wells Repressuring Nonhydrocarbon Gases Removed Vented and Flared Marketed Production NGPL Production, Gaseous Equivalent Dry Production Imports By Pipeline LNG Imports Exports Exports By Pipeline LNG Exports Underground Storage Capacity Gas in Underground Storage Base Gas in Underground Storage Working Gas in Underground Storage Underground Storage Injections Underground Storage Withdrawals Underground Storage Net Withdrawals Total Consumption Lease and Plant Fuel Consumption Pipeline & Distribution Use Delivered to Consumers Residential Commercial Industrial Vehicle Fuel Electric Power Period: Monthly Annual

336

Average Commercial Price  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Citygate Price Residential Price Commercial Price Industrial Price Electric Power Price Gross Withdrawals Gross Withdrawals From Gas Wells Gross Withdrawals From Oil Wells Gross Withdrawals From Shale Gas Wells Gross Withdrawals From Coalbed Wells Repressuring Nonhydrocarbon Gases Removed Vented and Flared Marketed Production NGPL Production, Gaseous Equivalent Dry Production Imports By Pipeline LNG Imports Exports Exports By Pipeline LNG Exports Underground Storage Capacity Gas in Underground Storage Base Gas in Underground Storage Working Gas in Underground Storage Underground Storage Injections Underground Storage Withdrawals Underground Storage Net Withdrawals Total Consumption Lease and Plant Fuel Consumption Pipeline & Distribution Use Delivered to Consumers Residential Commercial Industrial Vehicle Fuel Electric Power Period: Monthly Annual

337

Average Commercial Price  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Citygate Price Residential Price Commercial Price Industrial Price Electric Power Price Gross Withdrawals Gross Withdrawals From Gas Wells Gross Withdrawals From Oil Wells Gross Withdrawals From Shale Gas Wells Gross Withdrawals From Coalbed Wells Repressuring Nonhydrocarbon Gases Removed Vented and Flared Marketed Production NGPL Production, Gaseous Equivalent Dry Production Imports By Pipeline LNG Imports Exports Exports By Pipeline LNG Exports Underground Storage Capacity Gas in Underground Storage Base Gas in Underground Storage Working Gas in Underground Storage Underground Storage Injections Underground Storage Withdrawals Underground Storage Net Withdrawals Total Consumption Lease and Plant Fuel Consumption Pipeline & Distribution Use Delivered to Consumers Residential Commercial Industrial Vehicle Fuel Electric Power Period: Monthly Annual

338

Natural Gas Industrial Price  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Citygate Price Residential Price Commercial Price Industrial Price Electric Power Price Gross Withdrawals Gross Withdrawals From Gas Wells Gross Withdrawals From Oil Wells Gross Withdrawals From Shale Gas Wells Gross Withdrawals From Coalbed Wells Repressuring Nonhydrocarbon Gases Removed Vented and Flared Marketed Production NGPL Production, Gaseous Equivalent Dry Production Imports By Pipeline LNG Imports Exports Exports By Pipeline LNG Exports Underground Storage Capacity Gas in Underground Storage Base Gas in Underground Storage Working Gas in Underground Storage Underground Storage Injections Underground Storage Withdrawals Underground Storage Net Withdrawals Total Consumption Lease and Plant Fuel Consumption Pipeline & Distribution Use Delivered to Consumers Residential Commercial Industrial Vehicle Fuel Electric Power Period: Monthly Annual

339

Stable Isotope Enrichment by Thermal Diffusion, Chemical Exchange, and Distillation  

SciTech Connect

Applications of stable isotopes in medicine are becoming more widespread. This has resulted from the increased availability and reduced cost of these isotopes and the improved reliability and sensitivity of detection techniques such as carbon-13 nuclear magnetic resonance. Isotopes are used in compounds labeled with either the stable isotope itself, such as carbon-13 and oxygen-18, or with the radioactive isotope that can be produced by irradiating the stable isotope, such as the irradiation of xenon-124 to produce iodine-125. As the demand for stable isotopes increases, larger scale production facilities will be justifiable. The increased size of production facilities should result in yet lower unit selling prices. A large number of methods has been suggested for the separation of stable isotopes. This paper concerns itself with four methods which have proven extremely useful for the separation of the isotopes of low and medium atomic weight elements. The four processes discussed are gas phase thermal diffusion, liquid phase thermal diffusion, chemical exchange, and distillation.

Schwind, Dr. Roger A.; Rutherford, Dr. William M.

1973-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

340

Montana Natural Gas Prices  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 View 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 View History Wellhead Price 5.72 7.50 3.16 3.64 1967-2010 Imports Price 6.66 8.22 3.88 4.13 3.75 2.45 1989-2012 Exports Price 6.16 8.14 3.63 4.05 3.82 2.40 1989-2012 Pipeline and Distribution Use Price 1967-2005 Citygate Price 6.42 7.71 5.63 5.17 5.11 4.23 1984-2012 Residential Price 9.91 11.45 9.50 8.64 8.80 8.06 1967-2012 Percentage of Total Residential Deliveries included in Prices 99.9 99.9 99.8 99.8 99.8 99.8 1989-2012 Commercial Price 9.76 11.32 9.41 8.54 8.66 7.98 1967-2012 Percentage of Total Commercial Deliveries included in Prices 78.5 79.6 49.2 54.6 53.3 52.9 1990-2012 Industrial Price 9.75 11.04 9.06 8.07 8.13 7.54 1997-2012 Percentage of Total Industrial Deliveries included in Prices

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "distillate price monitoring" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


341

Louisiana Natural Gas Prices  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 View 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 View History Wellhead Price 7.02 8.73 3.82 4.23 1967-2010 Imports Price 6.98 9.76 3.89 4.84 7.57 7.98 1989-2012 Exports Price -- -- -- 7.07 9.63 11.80 2007-2012 Pipeline and Distribution Use Price 1967-2005 Citygate Price 7.22 9.58 5.96 5.43 5.67 3.48 1984-2012 Residential Price 14.20 15.49 13.15 11.73 11.37 11.54 1967-2012 Percentage of Total Residential Deliveries included in Prices 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 1989-2012 Commercial Price 11.83 13.52 10.46 9.88 9.36 8.44 1967-2012 Percentage of Total Commercial Deliveries included in Prices 98.0 98.4 92.0 85.9 83.6 78.0 1990-2012 Industrial Price 7.08 9.32 4.31 4.68 4.25 2.96 1997-2012 Percentage of Total Industrial Deliveries included in Prices

342

Nebraska Natural Gas Prices  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 View 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 View History Wellhead Price 4.86 6.22 2.97 3.98 1967-2010 Pipeline and Distribution Use Price 1967-2005 Citygate Price 7.67 8.12 5.87 5.62 5.11 4.31 1984-2012 Residential Price 11.15 11.11 9.34 8.95 8.84 8.68 1967-2012 Percentage of Total Residential Deliveries included in Prices 85.7 87.1 87.8 87.4 87.3 85.8 1989-2012 Commercial Price 9.16 9.62 7.44 7.08 6.69 6.19 1967-2012 Percentage of Total Commercial Deliveries included in Prices 63.9 57.5 61.3 60.6 60.6 55.8 1990-2012 Industrial Price 7.97 9.12 6.02 5.85 5.61 4.34 1997-2012 Percentage of Total Industrial Deliveries included in Prices 9.7 10.2 8.9 8.2 7.6 6.8 1997-2012 Vehicle Fuel Price 15.10 15.29 1994-2012 Electric Power Price

343

Average Residential Price  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Pipeline and Distribution Use Price Citygate Price Residential Price Commercial Price Industrial Price Vehicle Fuel Price Electric Power Price Proved Reserves as of 12/31 Reserves Adjustments Reserves Revision Increases Reserves Revision Decreases Reserves Sales Reserves Acquisitions Reserves Extensions Reserves New Field Discoveries New Reservoir Discoveries in Old Fields Estimated Production Number of Producing Gas Wells Gross Withdrawals Gross Withdrawals From Gas Wells Gross Withdrawals From Oil Wells Gross Withdrawals From Shale Gas Wells Gross Withdrawals From Coalbed Wells Repressuring Nonhydrocarbon Gases Removed Vented and Flared Marketed Production Natural Gas Processed NGPL Production, Gaseous Equivalent Dry Production Imports By Pipeline LNG Imports Exports Exports By Pipeline LNG Exports Underground Storage Capacity Underground Storage Injections Underground Storage Withdrawals Underground Storage Net Withdrawals LNG Storage Additions LNG Storage Withdrawals LNG Storage Net Withdrawals Total Consumption Lease and Plant Fuel Consumption Lease Fuel Plant Fuel Pipeline & Distribution Use Delivered to Consumers Residential Commercial Industrial Vehicle Fuel Electric Power Period: Monthly Annual

344

Average Commercial Price  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Pipeline and Distribution Use Price Citygate Price Residential Price Commercial Price Industrial Price Vehicle Fuel Price Electric Power Price Proved Reserves as of 12/31 Reserves Adjustments Reserves Revision Increases Reserves Revision Decreases Reserves Sales Reserves Acquisitions Reserves Extensions Reserves New Field Discoveries New Reservoir Discoveries in Old Fields Estimated Production Number of Producing Gas Wells Gross Withdrawals Gross Withdrawals From Gas Wells Gross Withdrawals From Oil Wells Gross Withdrawals From Shale Gas Wells Gross Withdrawals From Coalbed Wells Repressuring Nonhydrocarbon Gases Removed Vented and Flared Marketed Production Natural Gas Processed NGPL Production, Gaseous Equivalent Dry Production Imports By Pipeline LNG Imports Exports Exports By Pipeline LNG Exports Underground Storage Capacity Underground Storage Injections Underground Storage Withdrawals Underground Storage Net Withdrawals LNG Storage Additions LNG Storage Withdrawals LNG Storage Net Withdrawals Total Consumption Lease and Plant Fuel Consumption Lease Fuel Plant Fuel Pipeline & Distribution Use Delivered to Consumers Residential Commercial Industrial Vehicle Fuel Electric Power Period: Monthly Annual

345

Consumer Prices During  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

City Gate City Gate City gate prices represent the total cost paid by gas distribu- tion companies for gas received at the point where the gas is physically transferred from a pipeline company or trans- mission system. This price is intended to reflect all charges for the acquisition, storage, and transportation of gas as well as other charges associated with the LDC's obtaining the gas for sale to consumers. Prices paid at the city gate by local distribution companies rose substantially between 1995 and 1996, climbing from $2.78 per thousand cubic feet to $3.27, an increase of 18 percent. Residential Residential consumers pay the highest price for natural gas. It increased to $6.34 per thousand cubic feet from the 1995 price of $6.06 per thousand cubic feet. However, the 1996 price was 1 percent lower than the 1994 price. In recent years, only modest changes in constant dollars have been

346

Connecticut Gasoline Price Data  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Connecticut Connecticut Exit Fueleconomy.gov The links below are to pages that are not part of the fueleconomy.gov. We offer these external links for your convenience in accessing additional information that may be useful or interesting to you. Selected Cities Bridgeport BridgeportGasPrices.com Automotive.com MapQuest.com Hartford HartfordGasPrices.com Automotive.com MapQuest.com New Haven NewHavenGasPrices.com Automotive.com MapQuest.com Stamford Automotive.com MapQuest.com Waterbury Automotive.com MapQuest.com West Hartford Automotive.com MapQuest.com Other Connecticut Cities ConnecticutGasPrices.com (search by city or ZIP code) - GasBuddy.com Connecticut Gas Prices (selected cities) - GasBuddy.com Connecticut Gas Prices (organized by county) - Automotive.com Gas Prices of the United States: Connecticut Cities - MapQuest

347

Average Residential Price  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Pipeline and Distribution Use Price Citygate Price Residential Price Commercial Price Industrial Price Vehicle Fuel Price Electric Power Price Proved Reserves as of 12/31 Reserves Adjustments Reserves Revision Increases Reserves Revision Decreases Reserves Sales Reserves Acquisitions Reserves Extensions Reserves New Field Discoveries New Reservoir Discoveries in Old Fields Estimated Production Number of Producing Gas Wells Gross Withdrawals Gross Withdrawals From Gas Wells Gross Withdrawals From Oil Wells Gross Withdrawals From Shale Gas Wells Gross Withdrawals From Coalbed Wells Repressuring Nonhydrocarbon Gases Removed Vented and Flared Marketed Production Natural Gas Processed NGPL Production, Gaseous Equivalent Dry Production Imports By Pipeline LNG Imports Exports Exports By Pipeline LNG Exports Underground Storage Capacity Underground Storage Injections Underground Storage Withdrawals Underground Storage Net Withdrawals LNG Storage Additions LNG Storage Withdrawals LNG Storage Net Withdrawals Total Consumption Lease and Plant Fuel Consumption Lease Fuel Plant Fuel Pipeline & Distribution Use Delivered to Consumers Residential Commercial Industrial Vehicle Fuel Electric Power Period: Monthly Annual

348

Fundamentals Explain High Prices  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

9 9 Notes: One can use a simple model to deal with price/fundamental relationships. This one predicts monthly average WTI price as a function of OECD total petroleum stock deviations from the normal levels . The graph shows the model as it begins predicting prices in 1992. It shows how well the model has predicted not only the direction, but the magnitude of prices over this 8+ year period. While the model is simple and not perfect, it does predict the overall trends and, in particular, the recent rise in prices. It also shows that prices may have over-shot the fundamental balance for a while -- at least partially due to speculative concerns over Mideast tensions, winter supply adequacy, and Iraq's export policies. Prices now seem to be correcting, and may even undershoot briefly

349

Energy prices, production  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

on 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 price U K P ./kW h CHP adoption electyricity price to gas price ratio Figure 3. Energy price and CHP annual adoption (UK). Source: DTI (2002b) -5.00% 0.00% 5.00% 10.00% 15.00% 20... .00% 199119921993199419951996199719981999200020012002 an nu al g ro w th r at e in C H P a do pt io n 0 0.2 0.4 0.6 0.8 1 1.2 1.4 price U K P ./kW h CHP adoption Gas price 10 Gas prices leveled off from 1996 onwards and then increased considerably growing by 33% during 1999-2002. In recent...

Bonilla, David

350

Distillate Stocks Expected to Remain Low  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

5 5 Notes: When EIA's demand forecast is combined with its outlook for production and net imports, distillate stocks are projected to remain low for the rest of the year. - Stocks are beginning at very low levels. The September 1 distillate fuel stock level (112 million barrels) is nearly 20% less than last year, and about 15% below the 10 year average for end of August levels. - But stocks on the East Coast, at 39.8 million barrels, are 39% behind year-ago levels, and about a similar percentage below end-of-August 10-year average levels. Over the last 10 years, the average stock build from the end of August through the end of November has been about 10 million barrels. We are forecasting about a 12 million barrel build, which does not reach the normal band. Forecast stocks peak at the end of November at 127 million

351

Contact structure for use in catalytic distillation  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A method and apparatus for conducting catalytic chemical reactions and fractionation of the reaction mixture, comprising and feeding reactants into a distillation column reactor contracting said reactant in a liquid phase with a fixed bed catalyst in the form of a contact catalyst structure, consisting of closed porous containers containing the catalyst for the reaction and a clip means to hold and support said containers, which are disposed above, i.e., on the distillation trays in the tower. The trays have weir means to provide a liquid level on the trays to substantially cover the containers. In other words, the trays function in their ordinary manner with the addition thereto of the catalyst. The reaction mixture is concurrently fractionated in the column.

Jones, Jr., Edward M. (Friendswood, TX)

1985-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

352

Contact structure for use in catalytic distillation  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A method is described for conducting catalytic chemical reactions and fractionation of the reaction mixture comprising feeding reactants into a distillation column reactor, contracting said reactant in liquid phase with a fixed bed catalyst in the form of a contact catalyst structure consisting of closed porous containers containing the catalyst for the reaction and a clip means to hold and support said containers, which are disposed above, i.e., on the distillation trays in the tower. The trays have weir means to provide a liquid level on the trays to substantially cover the containers. In other words, the trays function in their ordinary manner with the addition thereto of the catalyst. The reaction mixture is concurrently fractionated in the column. 7 figs.

Jones, E.M. Jr.

1984-03-27T23:59:59.000Z

353

Contact structure for use in catalytic distillation  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A method for conducting catalytic chemical reactions and fractionation of the reaction mixture comprising feeding reactants into a distillation column reactor contracting said reactant in liquid phase with a fixed bed catalyst in the form of a contact catalyst structure consisting of closed porous containers containing the catatlyst for the reaction and a clip means to hold and support said containers, which are disposed above, i.e., on the distillation trays in the tower. The trays have weir means to provide a liquid level on the trays to substantially cover the containers. In other words, the trays function in their ordinary manner with the addition thereto of the catalyst. The reaction mixture is concurrently fractionated in the column.

Jones, Jr., Edward M. (Friendswood, TX)

1984-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

354

Contact structure for use in catalytic distillation  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A method and apparatus are disclosed for conducting catalytic chemical reactions and fractionation of the reaction mixture, comprising and feeding reactants into a distillation column reactor contracting said reactant in a liquid phase with a fixed bed catalyst in the form of a contact catalyst structure, consisting of closed porous containers containing the catalyst for the reaction and a clip means to hold and support said containers, which are disposed above, i.e., on the distillation trays in the tower. The trays have weir means to provide a liquid level on the trays to substantially cover the containers. In other words, the trays function in their ordinary manner with the addition thereto of the catalyst. The reaction mixture is concurrently fractionated in the column. 7 figs.

Jones, E.M. Jr.

1985-08-20T23:59:59.000Z

355

Iterative entanglement distillation for finite resources  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We discuss a specific entanglement distillation scheme under the constraint of finite samples of entangled qubit pairs. It is shown that an iterative process can be explicitly formulated. The average fidelity of this process can be enhanced by introducing conditional storing of entangled qubit pairs in each step of the iteration. We investigate the corresponding limitations on the size and the initial fidelity of the sample.

Stefan Probst-Schendzielorz; Thorsten Bschorr; Matthias Freyberger

2005-06-20T23:59:59.000Z

356

Distillation of vacuum entanglement to EPR pairs  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

It is shown that by means of local interactions between a quantized relativistic field and a pair of non-entangled atoms, entanglement can be extracted from the vacuum and delivered to the atoms. The resulting mixed state of the atoms can be further distilled to EPR pairs. Therefore, in principle, teleportation and other entanglement assisted quantum communication tasks can rely on the vacuum alone as a resource for entanglement.

Benni Reznik

2000-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

357

Secret key distillation from shielded two-qubit states  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The quantum states corresponding to a secret key are characterized using the so-called private states, where the key part consisting of a secret key is shielded by the additional systems. Based on the construction, it was shown that a secret key can be distilled from bound entangled states. In this work, I consider the shielded two-qubit states in a key-distillation scenario and derive the conditions under which a secret key can be distilled using the recurrence protocol or the two-way classical distillation, advantage distillation together with one-way postprocessing. From the security conditions, it is shown that a secret key can be distilled from bound entangled states in a much wider range. In addition, I consider the case that in which white noise is added to quantum states and show that the classical distillation protocol still works despite a certain amount of noise although the recurrence protocol does not.

Bae, Joonwoo [School of Computational Sciences, Korea Institute for Advanced Study, Seoul 130-722 (Korea, Republic of)

2010-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

358

Secret key distillation from shielded two-qubit states  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The quantum states corresponding to a secret key are characterized using the so-called private states, where the key part consisting of a secret key is shielded by the additional systems. Based on the construction, it was shown that a secret key can be distilled from bound entangled states. In this work, I consider the shielded two-qubit states in a key-distillation scenario and derive the conditions under which a secret key can be distilled using the recurrence protocol or the two-way classical distillation, advantage distillation together with one-way postprocessing. From the security conditions, it is shown that a secret key can be distilled from bound entangled states in a much wider range. In addition, I consider the case that in which white noise is added to quantum states and show that the classical distillation protocol still works despite a certain amount of noise although the recurrence protocol does not.

Joonwoo Bae

2008-03-03T23:59:59.000Z

359

WTI Crude Oil Price: Base Case and 95% Confidence Interval  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

9 9 Notes: Spot WTI prices broke $35 and even $36 per barrel in November as anticipated boosts to world supply from OPEC and other sources did not show up in actual stocks data. The recent decline in prices seems to be more the result of an unraveling of speculative pressures than a change in underlying fundamentals. Prices had been running higher than supply/demand fundamentals would have indicated throughout the fall months as a result of rising Mideast tensions, concern over the adequacy of distillate supplies, and expectations of Iraqi supply interruptions. But Mideast tensions seemed to ease in December and the market appeared to perceive a quick return of Iraqi crude oil supplies at full capacity. Pledges by Saudi Arabia/OPEC to offset a longer term Iraqi

360

WTI Crude Oil Price: Base Case and 95% Confidence Interval  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

6 6 Notes: Spot WTI crude oil prices broke $35 and even $36 per barrel in November as anticipated boosts to world supply from OPEC and other sources did not show up in actual stocks data. The recent decline in prices seems to be more the result of an unraveling of speculative pressures than a change in underlying fundamentals. Prices had been running higher than supply/demand fundamentals would have indicated throughout the fall months as a result of rising Mideast tensions, concern over the adequacy of distillate supplies, and expectations of Iraqi supply interruptions. But Mideast tensions seemed to ease in December and the market appeared to perceive a quick return of Iraqi crude oil supplies at full capacity. Pledges by Saudi Arabia/OPEC to offset a longer term Iraqi

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "distillate price monitoring" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


361

Missouri Natural Gas Prices  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 View 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 View History Wellhead Price 1967-1997 Pipeline and Distribution Use Price 1967-2005 Citygate Price 7.53 8.03 7.06 6.17 5.85 5.27 1984-2012 Residential Price 13.42 13.36 12.61 11.66 12.02 12.25 1967-2012 Percentage of Total Residential Deliveries included in Prices 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 1989-2012 Commercial Price 11.82 12.02 10.81 10.28 9.99 9.54 1967-2012 Percentage of Total Commercial Deliveries included in Prices 76.9 77.5 76.7 76.5 73.1 69.2 1990-2012 Industrial Price 10.84 11.32 9.55 8.70 8.54 7.93 1997-2012 Percentage of Total Industrial Deliveries included in Prices 12.8 13.9 13.2 13.1 13.4 12.5 1997-2012 Vehicle Fuel Price 8.44 8.66 7.86 6.34 6.11 5.64 1994-2012

362

Arkansas Natural Gas Prices  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 View 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 View History Wellhead Price 6.61 8.72 3.43 3.84 1967-2010 Pipeline and Distribution Use Price 1967-2005 Citygate Price 8.55 8.88 7.86 6.76 6.27 5.36 1984-2012 Residential Price 13.08 14.09 13.39 11.53 11.46 11.82 1967-2012 Percentage of Total Residential Deliveries included in Prices 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 1989-2012 Commercial Price 10.07 11.32 10.72 8.89 8.90 7.99 1967-2012 Percentage of Total Commercial Deliveries included in Prices 70.4 64.5 59.4 55.6 51.5 40.2 1990-2012 Industrial Price 9.51 10.56 8.44 7.28 7.44 6.38 1997-2012 Percentage of Total Industrial Deliveries included in Prices 4.2 3.9 3.7 2.8 2.1 1.9 1997-2012 Vehicle Fuel Price 8.39 -- -- -- -- 9.04 1994-2012

363

Iowa Natural Gas Prices  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 View 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 View History Pipeline and Distribution Use Price 1967-2005 Citygate Price 7.80 8.28 5.62 5.69 5.27 4.84 1984-2012 Residential Price 11.76 11.91 9.83 9.57 9.54 9.46 1967-2012 Percentage of Total Residential Deliveries included in Prices 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 1989-2012 Commercial Price 9.97 10.25 7.88 7.81 7.55 7.13 1967-2012 Percentage of Total Commercial Deliveries included in Prices 77.7 75.8 72.5 72.0 72.1 72.3 1990-2012 Industrial Price 8.56 9.32 6.23 6.10 5.78 4.70 1997-2012 Percentage of Total Industrial Deliveries included in Prices 6.5 6.6 6.4 5.8 5.5 5.2 1997-2012 Vehicle Fuel Price 11.68 -- -- -- -- -- 1990-2012 Electric Power Price 7.73 W W W W 3.84 1997-2012

364

Maine Natural Gas Prices  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 View 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 View History Imports Price 7.57 9.77 4.48 4.94 4.40 3.45 1999-2012 Exports Price -- -- 5.62 4.53 4.46 4.30 2007-2012 Pipeline and Distribution Use Price 1967-2005 Citygate Price 10.46 13.47 8.64 8.19 8.14 7.73 1984-2012 Residential Price 16.90 17.47 16.43 14.14 14.20 15.94 1967-2012 Percentage of Total Residential Deliveries included in Prices 100.0 100.0 100.0 99.9 100.0 100.0 1989-2012 Commercial Price 14.82 15.87 13.94 11.71 11.69 12.22 1967-2012 Percentage of Total Commercial Deliveries included in Prices 46.2 45.0 51.0 45.0 45.8 42.1 1990-2012 Industrial Price 13.40 14.89 9.12 11.23 10.89 10.35 1997-2012 Percentage of Total Industrial Deliveries included in Prices 0.8 0.8 1.2 0.6 0.5 0.4 1997-2012

365

Idaho Natural Gas Prices  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 View 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 View History Imports Price 6.31 7.88 3.86 4.19 3.90 2.59 1989-2012 Exports Price -- 7.43 4.49 5.85 4.74 -- 1999-2012 Pipeline and Distribution Use Price 1967-2005 Citygate Price 6.68 7.48 5.63 4.82 4.65 4.07 1984-2012 Residential Price 11.47 11.07 10.54 8.95 8.80 8.26 1967-2012 Percentage of Total Residential Deliveries included in Prices 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 1989-2012 Commercial Price 10.67 10.28 9.77 8.21 8.09 7.35 1967-2012 Percentage of Total Commercial Deliveries included in Prices 84.8 86.0 83.7 82.0 80.8 77.0 1990-2012 Industrial Price 9.39 9.18 8.53 6.39 6.36 5.73 1997-2012 Percentage of Total Industrial Deliveries included in Prices 2.0 1.9 1.7 1.8 2.0 1.9 1997-2012

366

Maryland Natural Gas Prices  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 View 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 View History Wellhead Price NA NA NA NA 1967-2010 Imports Price 7.25 9.09 4.05 5.37 5.30 13.82 1999-2012 Pipeline and Distribution Use Price 1967-2005 Citygate Price 9.24 10.23 8.02 6.49 6.26 5.67 1984-2012 Residential Price 15.17 16.07 13.73 12.44 12.10 12.17 1967-2012 Percentage of Total Residential Deliveries included in Prices 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 79.3 77.0 1989-2012 Commercial Price 12.30 13.12 10.87 9.87 10.29 10.00 1967-2012 Percentage of Total Commercial Deliveries included in Prices 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 27.3 24.7 1990-2012 Industrial Price 11.59 13.46 10.70 9.05 8.61 8.01 1997-2012 Percentage of Total Industrial Deliveries included in Prices 7.8 6.3 5.3 5.3 5.5 5.1 1997-2012

367

Alabama Natural Gas Prices  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 View 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 View History Wellhead Price 7.44 9.65 4.32 4.46 1967-2010 Pipeline and Distribution Use Price 1967-2005 Citygate Price 8.78 9.84 7.61 6.46 5.80 5.18 1984-2012 Residential Price 18.14 18.30 18.12 15.79 15.08 16.20 1967-2012 Percentage of Total Residential Deliveries included in Prices 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 1989-2012 Commercial Price 15.06 15.58 14.94 13.34 12.36 12.55 1967-2012 Percentage of Total Commercial Deliveries included in Prices 79.8 80.2 78.8 79.3 78.9 76.2 1990-2012 Industrial Price 8.70 10.57 6.48 6.64 5.57 4.35 1997-2012 Percentage of Total Industrial Deliveries included in Prices 24.0 27.2 27.9 23.7 23.5 22.1 1997-2012 Vehicle Fuel Price -- 17.32 19.17 16.24 11.45 17.99 1990-2012

368

Massachusetts Natural Gas Prices  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 View 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 View History Imports Price 7.32 10.34 5.90 4.86 4.77 3.69 1989-2012 Pipeline and Distribution Use Price 1967-2005 Citygate Price 9.34 10.29 8.29 7.74 7.04 6.03 1984-2012 Residential Price 16.99 17.18 14.85 14.53 13.81 13.22 1967-2012 Percentage of Total Residential Deliveries included in Prices 99.9 85.0 85.6 85.4 89.3 87.8 1989-2012 Commercial Price 15.08 15.25 12.85 12.00 11.68 10.68 1967-2012 Percentage of Total Commercial Deliveries included in Prices 65.3 57.9 56.9 52.1 50.0 48.6 1990-2012 Industrial Price 14.83 15.23 12.07 10.41 10.14 9.82 1997-2012 Percentage of Total Industrial Deliveries included in Prices 29.9 20.6 21.1 19.4 20.6 17.7 1997-2012 Vehicle Fuel Price 12.84 13.80 12.99 12.48 4.28 14.81 1990-2012

369

Vermont Natural Gas Prices  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 View 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 View History Imports Price 8.51 9.74 6.34 6.54 5.81 4.90 1989-2012 Pipeline and Distribution Use Price 1982-2005 Citygate Price 10.03 10.66 9.33 8.29 7.98 6.63 1984-2012 Residential Price 15.99 18.31 17.29 16.14 16.17 16.73 1980-2012 Percentage of Total Residential Deliveries included in Prices 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 1989-2012 Commercial Price 12.79 14.31 12.96 11.82 11.90 12.09 1980-2012 Percentage of Total Commercial Deliveries included in Prices 100 100 100 100 100 100 1990-2012 Industrial Price 9.08 9.60 7.93 6.57 6.09 4.89 1997-2012 Percentage of Total Industrial Deliveries included in Prices 78.0 79.6 77.9 77.1 80.9 100.0 1997-2012 Electric Power Price 7.72 9.14 5.66 5.73 5.26 4.14 1997-2012

370

Pennsylvania Natural Gas Prices  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 View 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 View History Wellhead Price NA NA NA NA 1967-2010 Pipeline and Distribution Use Price 1967-2005 Citygate Price 9.35 10.39 7.81 7.04 6.28 5.52 1984-2012 Residential Price 14.66 16.22 14.74 12.90 12.46 11.99 1967-2012 Percentage of Total Residential Deliveries included in Prices 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 91.2 88.6 1989-2012 Commercial Price 12.77 14.29 11.83 10.47 10.42 10.24 1967-2012 Percentage of Total Commercial Deliveries included in Prices 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 48.5 42.1 1990-2012 Industrial Price 10.64 12.09 9.19 8.23 9.86 9.58 1997-2012 Percentage of Total Industrial Deliveries included in Prices 5.4 5.7 4.5 3.8 2.0 1.3 1997-2012 Vehicle Fuel Price 10.83 8.30 5.15 3.76 3.40 7.96 1990-2012

371

Indiana Natural Gas Prices  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 View 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 View History Wellhead Price 5.78 7.58 4.05 4.13 1967-2010 Pipeline and Distribution Use Price 1967-2005 Citygate Price 7.83 8.94 5.59 5.52 4.97 4.23 1984-2012 Residential Price 11.29 12.65 10.81 8.63 9.46 8.94 1967-2012 Percentage of Total Residential Deliveries included in Prices 96.2 95.0 93.6 94.1 94.6 94.5 1989-2012 Commercial Price 10.20 11.14 9.18 7.55 8.04 7.68 1967-2012 Percentage of Total Commercial Deliveries included in Prices 78.1 77.9 73.9 72.5 70.2 67.5 1990-2012 Industrial Price 8.45 10.48 6.91 5.65 6.53 6.19 1997-2012 Percentage of Total Industrial Deliveries included in Prices 7.4 6.7 7.0 5.6 3.5 1.9 1997-2012 Vehicle Fuel Price 6.09 7.94 4.08 5.19 13.24 12.29 1990-2012

372

Florida Natural Gas Prices  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 View 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 View History Wellhead Price NA NA NA NA 1967-2010 Pipeline and Distribution Use Price 1967-2005 Citygate Price 7.97 9.73 5.76 5.49 5.07 3.93 1984-2012 Residential Price 20.61 21.07 20.18 17.89 18.16 18.31 1967-2012 Percentage of Total Residential Deliveries included in Prices 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 98.0 97.7 1989-2012 Commercial Price 13.07 14.45 11.09 10.60 11.14 10.41 1967-2012 Percentage of Total Commercial Deliveries included in Prices 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 38.5 37.0 1990-2012 Industrial Price 10.56 11.72 9.41 8.33 8.07 6.96 1997-2012 Percentage of Total Industrial Deliveries included in Prices 3.1 3.0 3.2 3.0 3.0 2.7 1997-2012 Vehicle Fuel Price 12.82 15.56 13.16 17.98 5.56 9.83 1989-2012

373

Utah Gasoline Price Data  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Utah Utah Exit Fueleconomy.gov The links below are to pages that are not part of the fueleconomy.gov. We offer these external links for your convenience in accessing additional information that may be useful or interesting to you. Selected Cities Layton LaytonGasPrices.com Automotive.com MapQuest.com Ogden OgdenGasPrices.com Automotive.com MapQuest.com Orem OremGasPrices.com Automotive.com MapQuest.com Provo ProvoGasPrices.com Automotive.com MapQuest.com Salt Lake City SaltLakeCityGasPrices.com Automotive.com MapQuest.com Sandy SandyGasPrices.com Automotive.com MapQuest.com West Jordan WestJordanGasPrices.com Automotive.com MapQuest.com West Valley City WestValleyCityGasPrices.com Other Utah Cities UtahGasPrices.com (search by city or ZIP code) - GasBuddy.com Utah Gas Prices (selected cities) - GasBuddy.com

374

Connecticut Natural Gas Prices  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 View 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 View History Pipeline and Distribution Use Price 1967-2005 Citygate Price 8.67 10.24 6.81 6.58 5.92 5.12 1984-2012 Residential Price 16.39 17.85 14.81 14.93 13.83 14.17 1967-2012 Percentage of Total Residential Deliveries included in Prices 98.2 97.7 97.5 97.3 96.8 96.7 1989-2012 Commercial Price 12.61 13.81 9.92 9.55 8.48 8.40 1967-2012 Percentage of Total Commercial Deliveries included in Prices 71.5 70.7 69.0 65.4 65.4 65.1 1990-2012 Industrial Price 10.54 12.63 8.44 9.60 9.16 8.83 1997-2012 Percentage of Total Industrial Deliveries included in Prices 50.0 47.3 37.5 31.1 31.0 32.3 1997-2012 Vehicle Fuel Price 20.57 24.04 15.26 16.31 18.59 13.70 1992-2012 Electric Power Price 7.81 10.48 4.89 5.70 5.09 3.99 1997-2012

375

Oregon Natural Gas Prices  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 View 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 View History Wellhead Price 5.27 5.33 4.00 4.92 1979-2010 Pipeline and Distribution Use Price 1967-2005 Citygate Price 8.14 8.82 7.79 6.78 5.84 5.21 1984-2012 Residential Price 14.65 13.89 14.52 12.49 11.76 11.22 1967-2012 Percentage of Total Residential Deliveries included in Prices 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 1989-2012 Commercial Price 12.36 11.57 11.86 10.10 9.60 8.91 1967-2012 Percentage of Total Commercial Deliveries included in Prices 98.5 98.5 98.4 97.4 97.4 96.9 1990-2012 Industrial Price 9.30 9.07 9.70 7.05 6.84 5.87 1997-2012 Percentage of Total Industrial Deliveries included in Prices 21.8 20.1 18.9 17.1 17.1 16.7 1997-2012 Vehicle Fuel Price 6.59 8.03 7.11 5.61 4.23 4.57 1992-2012

376

Arizona Natural Gas Prices  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 View 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 View History Wellhead Price 5.98 7.09 3.19 4.11 1967-2010 Exports Price 6.94 8.09 3.79 4.57 4.28 3.07 1989-2012 Pipeline and Distribution Use Price 1967-2005 Citygate Price 8.25 8.49 7.21 6.59 5.91 4.68 1984-2012 Residential Price 17.21 17.60 17.65 15.87 15.04 15.75 1967-2012 Percentage of Total Residential Deliveries included in Prices 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 1989-2012 Commercial Price 12.84 13.01 12.15 10.72 9.99 9.35 1967-2012 Percentage of Total Commercial Deliveries included in Prices 93.4 93.1 88.0 88.7 87.8 86.6 1990-2012 Industrial Price 10.49 10.47 8.19 7.54 6.86 5.78 1997-2012 Percentage of Total Industrial Deliveries included in Prices 31.3 29.6 29.1 25.5 24.2 21.4 1997-2012

377

Colorado Natural Gas Prices  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 View 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 View History Wellhead Price 4.57 6.94 3.21 3.96 1967-2010 Pipeline and Distribution Use Price 1967-2005 Citygate Price 6.23 6.98 5.09 5.26 4.94 4.26 1984-2012 Residential Price 8.84 9.77 8.80 8.13 8.25 8.31 1967-2012 Percentage of Total Residential Deliveries included in Prices 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 1989-2012 Commercial Price 8.10 9.01 7.56 7.58 7.84 7.58 1967-2012 Percentage of Total Commercial Deliveries included in Prices 95.7 95.2 94.8 94.6 93.8 92.2 1990-2012 Industrial Price 7.21 8.76 6.57 5.84 6.42 5.79 1997-2012 Percentage of Total Industrial Deliveries included in Prices 0.5 0.6 0.5 5.2 7.5 6.8 1997-2012 Vehicle Fuel Price 8.72 13.57 9.12 10.79 9.56 11.65 1990-2012

378

Alaska Natural Gas Prices  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 View 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 View History Wellhead Price 5.63 7.39 2.93 3.17 1967-2010 Exports Price 6.21 7.69 8.59 12.19 12.88 15.71 1989-2012 Pipeline and Distribution Use Price 1970-2005 Citygate Price 6.75 6.74 8.22 6.67 6.53 6.14 1988-2012 Residential Price 8.68 8.72 10.23 8.89 8.77 8.47 1967-2012 Percentage of Total Residential Deliveries included in Prices 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 1989-2012 Commercial Price 7.57 8.66 9.51 8.78 8.09 8.09 1967-2012 Percentage of Total Commercial Deliveries included in Prices 76.0 74.9 85.3 87.7 88.6 94.9 1990-2012 Industrial Price 4.67 5.49 4.02 4.23 3.84 5.11 1997-2012 Percentage of Total Industrial Deliveries included in Prices 70.0 78.2 72.5 70.5 60.8 100.0 1997-2012

379

Kansas Natural Gas Prices  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 View 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 View History Wellhead Price 5.69 6.85 3.16 4.23 1967-2010 Pipeline and Distribution Use Price 1967-2005 Citygate Price 8.27 8.85 6.12 6.08 5.53 4.74 1984-2012 Residential Price 12.97 13.00 11.10 10.61 9.93 10.13 1967-2012 Percentage of Total Residential Deliveries included in Prices 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 1989-2012 Commercial Price 12.04 12.24 10.01 9.65 8.89 8.82 1967-2012 Percentage of Total Commercial Deliveries included in Prices 64.8 64.9 65.7 66.0 62.6 59.7 1990-2012 Industrial Price 7.17 9.42 4.59 5.49 5.28 3.95 1997-2012 Percentage of Total Industrial Deliveries included in Prices 5.9 7.8 6.7 7.0 9.5 8.8 1997-2012 Vehicle Fuel Price -- -- -- -- 9.87 9.00 1994-2012

380

The attractor mechanism as a distillation procedure  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In a recent paper it has been shown that for double extremal static spherically symmetric BPS black hole solutions in the STU model the well-known process of moduli stabilization at the horizon can be recast in a form of a distillation procedure of a three-qubit entangled state of GHZ-type. By studying the full flow in moduli space in this paper we investigate this distillation procedure in more detail. We introduce a three-qubit state with amplitudes depending on the conserved charges the warp factor, and the moduli. We show that for the recently discovered non-BPS solutions it is possible to see how the distillation procedure unfolds itself as we approach the horizon. For the non-BPS seed solutions at the asymptotically Minkowski region we are starting with a three-qubit state having seven nonequal nonvanishing amplitudes and finally at the horizon we get a GHZ state with merely four nonvanishing ones with equal magnitudes. The magnitude of the surviving nonvanishing amplitudes is proportional to the macroscopic black hole entropy. A systematic study of such attractor states shows that their properties reflect the structure of the fake superpotential. We also demonstrate that when starting with the very special values for the moduli corresponding to flat directions the uniform structure at the horizon deteriorates due to errors generalizing the usual bit flips acting on the qubits of the attractor states.

Péter Lévay; Szilárd Szalay

2010-04-14T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "distillate price monitoring" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


381

Absorptive Recycle of Distillation Waste Heat  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

When the heat source available to a distillation process is at a significantly higher temperature than the reboiler temperature, there is unused availability (ability to perform work) in the heat supplied to the reboiler. Similarly, if the reflux condenser operates above ambient temperature, the rejected heat also contains unused availability. By incorporating an absorption heat pump (AHP) into the distillation process, these sources of unused availability can be tapped so as to recycle (and hence, conserve) up to 50% of the required distillation energy. In contrast to compressor driven heat pumps, this savings is accomplished without need for a separate substantial input of mechanical power. A different AHP configuration is used depending on whether the excess availability is in the source heat or reject heat. In the excessive source temperature case, the higher temperature source heat is applied to the AHP, which then supplies the total reboiler requirement and recycles half the reject heat, with the remainder being rejected conventionally. In the excessive reject temperature case, all the reject heat is supplied to a reverse absorption heat pump (HAHP) which recycles half to reboiler temperature while reducing the remainder to ambient temperature.

Erickson, D. C.; Lutz, E. J., Jr.

1982-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

382

Attractor mechanism as a distillation procedure  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In a recent paper it was shown that for double extremal static spherical symmetric BPS black hole solutions in the STU model the well-known process of moduli stabilization at the horizon can be recast in a form of a distillation procedure of a three-qubit entangled state of a Greenberger-Horne-Zeilinger type. By studying the full flow in moduli space in this paper we investigate this distillation procedure in more detail. We introduce a three-qubit state with amplitudes depending on the conserved charges, the warp factor, and the moduli. We show that for the recently discovered non-BPS solutions it is possible to see how the distillation procedure unfolds itself as we approach the horizon. For the non-BPS seed solutions at the asymptotically Minkowski region we are starting with a three-qubit state having seven nonequal nonvanishing amplitudes and finally at the horizon we get a Greenberger-Horne-Zeilinger state with merely four nonvanishing ones with equal magnitudes. The magnitude of the surviving nonvanishing amplitudes is proportional to the macroscopic black hole entropy. A systematic study of such attractor states shows that their properties reflect the structure of the fake superpotential. We also demonstrate that when starting with the very special values for the moduli corresponding to flat directions the uniform structure at the horizon deteriorates due to errors generalizing the usual bit flips acting on the qubits of the attractor states.

Levay, Peter; Szalay, Szilard [Department of Theoretical Physics, Institute of Physics, Budapest University of Technology and Economics, H-1521 Budapest (Hungary)

2010-07-15T23:59:59.000Z

383

Residential Heating Oil Prices  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

This chart highlights residential heating oil prices for the current and This chart highlights residential heating oil prices for the current and past heating season. As you can see, prices have started the heating season, about 40 to 50 cents per gallon higher than last year at this time. The data presented are from EIA's State Heating Oil and Propane Program. We normally collect and publish this data twice a month, but given the low stocks and high prices, we started tracking the prices weekly. These data will also be used to determine the price trigger mechanism for the Northeast Heating Oil Reserve. The data are published at a State and regional level on our web site. The slide is to give you some perspective of what is happening in these markets, since you probably will get a number of calls from local residents about their heating fuels bills

384

prices | OpenEI  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

prices prices Dataset Summary Description This dataset comes from the Energy Information Administration (EIA), and is part of the 2011 Annual Energy Outlook Report (AEO2011). This dataset is Table 12, and contains only the reference case. The dataset uses 2009 dollars per gallon. The data is broken down into crude oil prices, residential, commercial, industrial, transportation, electric power and refined petroleum product prices. Source EIA Date Released April 26th, 2011 (3 years ago) Date Updated Unknown Keywords 2011 AEO EIA Petroleum prices Data application/vnd.ms-excel icon AEO2011: Petroleum Product Prices- Reference Case (xls, 129.9 KiB) Quality Metrics Level of Review Peer Reviewed Comment Temporal and Spatial Coverage Frequency Annually Time Period 2008-2035

385

Retail Motor Gasoline Prices*  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

6 6 Notes: Gasoline pump prices have backed down from the high prices experienced last summer and fall. The retail price for regular motor gasoline fell 11 cents per gallon from September to December. However, with crude oil prices rebounding somewhat from their December lows combined with lower than normal stock levels, we project that prices at the pump will rise modestly as the 2001 driving season begins this spring. For the summer of 2001, we expect only a little difference from the average price of $1.50 per gallon seen during the previous driving season, as motor gasoline stocks going into the driving season are projected to be slightly less than they were last year. The situation of relatively low inventories for gasoline could set the stage for some regional imbalances in supply that could once again

386

Using Environmental Emissions Permit Prices to Raise Electricity Prices: Evidence from the California Electricity Market  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Permit Prices to Raise Electricity Prices: Evidence from thePermit Prices to Raise Electricity Prices: Evidence from thehigher wholesale electricity prices, during the third and

Kolstad, Jonathan; Wolak, Frank

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

387

Transmission Price Risk Management  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This report is concerned with the financial risks that arise from the uncertain price of transmission service in restructured or competitive electricity markets. These risks are most severe in markets with locational pricing (LMP), but they also exist in more traditionally organized electricity markets. This report has two main purposes. The first is to review the existing mathematical models of electricity price formation in spot and forward markets that may be helpful as the foundations for developing ...

2006-12-04T23:59:59.000Z

388

Iowa Gasoline Price Data  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Iowa Iowa Exit Fueleconomy.gov The links below are to pages that are not part of the fueleconomy.gov. We offer these external links for your convenience in accessing additional information that may be useful or interesting to you. Selected Cities Ames AmesGasPrices.com Automotive.com MapQuest.com Cedar Rapids CedarRapidsGasPrices.com Automotive.com MapQuest.com Council Bluffs CouncilBluffsGasPrices.com Automotive.com MapQuest.com Des Moines DesMoinesGasPrices.com Automotive.com MapQuest.com Dubuque DubuqueGasPrices.com Automotive.com MapQuest.com Iowa City IowaCityGasPrices.com Automotive.com MapQuest.com Quad Cities QuadCitiesGasPrices.com Sioux City SiouxCityGasPrices.com Automotive.com MapQuest.com Waterloo WaterlooGasPrices.com Automotive.com MapQuest.com Other Iowa Cities

389

Louisiana Gasoline Price Data  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Louisiana Louisiana Exit Fueleconomy.gov The links below are to pages that are not part of the fueleconomy.gov. We offer these external links for your convenience in accessing additional information that may be useful or interesting to you. Selected Cities Baton Rouge BatonRougeGasPrices.com Automotive.com MapQuest.com Lafayette LafayetteGasPrices.com Automotive.com MapQuest.com Lake Charles LakeCharlesGasPrices.com Automotive.com MapQuest.com Metairie MetairieGasPrices.com Automotive.com MapQuest.com Monroe MonroeGasPrices.com Automotive.com MapQuest.com New Orleans NewOrleansGasPrices.com Automotive.com Mapquest.com Shreveport ShreveportGasPrices.com Automotive.com MapQuest.com Other Louisiana Cities LouisianaGasPrices.com (search by city or ZIP code) - GasBuddy.com Louisiana Gas Prices (selected cities) - GasBuddy.com

390

Utah Natural Gas Prices  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

-No Data Reported; --= Not Applicable; NA = Not Available; W = Withheld to avoid disclosure of individual company data. Notes: Prices are in ...

391

California Gasoline Price Data  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

California California Exit Fueleconomy.gov The links below are to pages that are not part of the fueleconomy.gov. We offer these external links for your convenience in accessing additional information that may be useful or interesting to you. Selected Cities Bakersfield BakersfieldGasPrices.com Automotive.com MapQuest.com Fresno FresnoGasPrices.com Automotive.com MapQuest.com Los Angeles LosAngelesGasPrices.com Automotive.com MapQuest.com Modesto ModestoGasPrices.com Automotive.com MapQuest.com Oakland OaklandGasPrices.com Automotive.com MapQuest.com Orange County OrangeCountyGasPrices.com Automotive.com MapQuest.com Riverside RiversideGasPrices.com Automotive.com MapQuest.com San Bernardino SanBernardinoGasPrices.com Automotive.com MapQuest.com San Diego SanDiegoGasPrices.com Automotive.com MapQuest.com

392

Michigan Gasoline Price Data  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Michigan Michigan Exit Fueleconomy.gov The links below are to pages that are not part of the fueleconomy.gov. We offer these external links for your convenience in accessing additional information that may be useful or interesting to you. Selected Cities Ann Arbor AnnArborGasPrices.com Automotive.com MapQuest.com Battle Creek BattleCreekGasPrices.com Automotive.com MapQuest.com Detroit DetroitGasPrices.com Automotive.com MapQuest.com Flint FlintGasPrices.com Automotive.com MapQuest.com Grand Rapids GrandRapidsGasPrices.com Automotive.com MapQuest.com Kalamazoo KalamazooGasPrices.com Automotive.com MapQuest.com Lansing LansingGasPrices.com Automotive.com MapQuest.com Sterling Heights SterlingHeightsGasPrices.com Automotive.com MapQuest.com Other Michigan Cities MichiganGasPrices.com (search by city or ZIP code) - GasBuddy.com

393

Natural Gas Exports Price  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

-No Data Reported; --= Not Applicable; NA = Not Available; W = Withheld to avoid disclosure of individual company data. Notes: Prices are in ...

394

Natural Gas Wellhead Price  

Annual Energy Outlook 2012 (EIA)

Wellhead Price Marketed Production Period: Monthly Annual Download Series History Download Series History Definitions, Sources & Notes Definitions, Sources & Notes Show Data By:...

395

,"Wisconsin Natural Gas Prices"  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Name","Description"," Of Series","Frequency","Latest Data for" ,"Data 1","Wisconsin Natural Gas Prices",8,"Monthly","72013","1151989" ,"Release Date:","9302013"...

396

,"Texas Natural Gas Prices"  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

,"Workbook Contents" ,"Texas Natural Gas Prices" ,"Click worksheet name or tab at bottom for data" ,"Worksheet Name","Description"," Of Series","Frequency","Latest Data for"...

397

Residential Price - Marketers  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Average Price of Natural Gas Delivered to Residential and Commercial Consumers by Local Distribution and Marketers in Selected States (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet ...

398

Crude Oil Prices  

Annual Energy Outlook 2012 (EIA)

Information AdministrationPetroleum Marketing Annual 1999 41 Table 21. Domestic Crude Oil First Purchase Prices (Dollars per Barrel) - Continued Year Month PAD District II...

399

Crude Oil Prices  

Annual Energy Outlook 2012 (EIA)

Information AdministrationPetroleum Marketing Annual 2000 41 Table 21. Domestic Crude Oil First Purchase Prices (Dollars per Barrel) - Continued Year Month PAD District II...

400

Crude Oil Prices  

Annual Energy Outlook 2012 (EIA)

Information AdministrationPetroleum Marketing Annual 1998 41 Table 21. Domestic Crude Oil First Purchase Prices (Dollars per Barrel) - Continued Year Month PAD District II...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "distillate price monitoring" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


401

Crude Oil Prices  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Information AdministrationPetroleum Marketing Annual 2001 41 Table 21. Domestic Crude Oil First Purchase Prices (Dollars per Barrel) - Continued Year Month PAD District II...

402

Price-Anderson Act  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

The Price-Anderson Act (PAA) provides a system of indemnification for legal liability resulting from a nuclear incident in connection with contractual activity for DOE.

403

,"Pennsylvania Natural Gas Prices"  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Of Series","Frequency","Latest Data for" ,"Data 1","Pennsylvania Natural Gas Prices",8,"Monthly","72013","1151989" ,"Release Date:","9302013" ,"Next Release...

404

Idaho Natural Gas Prices  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

-No Data Reported; --= Not Applicable; NA = Not Available; W = Withheld to avoid disclosure of individual company data. Notes: Prices are in ...

405

,"Idaho Natural Gas Prices"  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

,"Worksheet Name","Description"," Of Series","Frequency","Latest Data for" ,"Data 1","Idaho Natural Gas Prices",8,"Monthly","102013","1151989" ,"Release Date:","172014"...

406

Natural Gas Citygate Price  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

... electric power price data are for regulated electric ... Gas volumes delivered for vehicle fuel are included in the State monthly totals from January ...

407

Crude Price & Differential  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

... , making it more competitive with other boiler fuels, and the price of residual fuel relative to crude oil increases. Thus, both the light ...

408

Colorado Natural Gas Prices  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

-No Data Reported; --= Not Applicable; NA = Not Available; W = Withheld to avoid disclosure of individual company data. Notes: Prices are in ...

409

Retail Propane Prices  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

19 Notes: Residential propane prices rose fairly strongly during the 1999-2000 heating season, gaining nearly 25 cents per gallon between October and March. Unfortunately,...

410

CA Following World Prices  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Light-heavy crude differentials fell and stayed down until the later part of 1997. Crude prices continued to weaken, but the light heavy difference ...

411

,"Wyoming Natural Gas Prices"  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

ame","Description"," Of Series","Frequency","Latest Data for" ,"Data 1","Wyoming Natural Gas Prices",11,"Annual",2012,"6301967" ,"Release Date:","10312013" ,"Next Release...

412

,"Iowa Natural Gas Prices"  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Name","Description"," Of Series","Frequency","Latest Data for" ,"Data 1","Iowa Natural Gas Prices",10,"Annual",2012,"6301967" ,"Release Date:","10312013" ,"Next Release...

413

,"Nebraska Natural Gas Prices"  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Of Series","Frequency","Latest Data for" ,"Data 1","Nebraska Natural Gas Prices",11,"Annual",2012,"6301967" ,"Release Date:","10312013" ,"Next Release...

414

,"Vermont Natural Gas Prices"  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

ame","Description"," Of Series","Frequency","Latest Data for" ,"Data 1","Vermont Natural Gas Prices",10,"Annual",2012,"6301980" ,"Release Date:","10312013" ,"Next Release...

415

,"Ohio Natural Gas Prices"  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Name","Description"," Of Series","Frequency","Latest Data for" ,"Data 1","Ohio Natural Gas Prices",11,"Annual",2012,"6301967" ,"Release Date:","10312013" ,"Next Release...

416

,"California Natural Gas Prices"  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Of Series","Frequency","Latest Data for" ,"Data 1","California Natural Gas Prices",13,"Annual",2012,"6301967" ,"Release Date:","10312013" ,"Next Release...

417

,"Wisconsin Natural Gas Prices"  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Of Series","Frequency","Latest Data for" ,"Data 1","Wisconsin Natural Gas Prices",10,"Annual",2012,"6301967" ,"Release Date:","10312013" ,"Next Release...

418

,"Maryland Natural Gas Prices"  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Of Series","Frequency","Latest Data for" ,"Data 1","Maryland Natural Gas Prices",12,"Annual",2012,"6301967" ,"Release Date:","10312013" ,"Next Release...

419

,"Michigan Natural Gas Prices"  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Of Series","Frequency","Latest Data for" ,"Data 1","Michigan Natural Gas Prices",13,"Annual",2012,"6301967" ,"Release Date:","10312013" ,"Next Release...

420

,"Illinois Natural Gas Prices"  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Of Series","Frequency","Latest Data for" ,"Data 1","Illinois Natural Gas Prices",11,"Annual",2012,"6301967" ,"Release Date:","10312013" ,"Next Release...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "distillate price monitoring" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


421

,"Kansas Natural Gas Prices"  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Name","Description"," Of Series","Frequency","Latest Data for" ,"Data 1","Kansas Natural Gas Prices",11,"Annual",2012,"6301967" ,"Release Date:","10312013" ,"Next Release...

422

,"Arkansas Natural Gas Prices"  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Of Series","Frequency","Latest Data for" ,"Data 1","Arkansas Natural Gas Prices",11,"Annual",2012,"6301967" ,"Release Date:","10312013" ,"Next Release...

423

,"Texas Natural Gas Prices"  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Name","Description"," Of Series","Frequency","Latest Data for" ,"Data 1","Texas Natural Gas Prices",13,"Annual",2012,"6301967" ,"Release Date:","10312013" ,"Next Release...

424

,"Arizona Natural Gas Prices"  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

ame","Description"," Of Series","Frequency","Latest Data for" ,"Data 1","Arizona Natural Gas Prices",12,"Annual",2012,"6301967" ,"Release Date:","10312013" ,"Next Release...

425

,"Minnesota Natural Gas Prices"  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Of Series","Frequency","Latest Data for" ,"Data 1","Minnesota Natural Gas Prices",12,"Annual",2012,"6301967" ,"Release Date:","10312013" ,"Next Release...

426

,"Florida Natural Gas Prices"  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

ame","Description"," Of Series","Frequency","Latest Data for" ,"Data 1","Florida Natural Gas Prices",11,"Annual",2012,"6301967" ,"Release Date:","10312013" ,"Next Release...

427

,"Tennessee Natural Gas Prices"  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Of Series","Frequency","Latest Data for" ,"Data 1","Tennessee Natural Gas Prices",11,"Annual",2012,"6301967" ,"Release Date:","10312013" ,"Next Release...

428

,"Colorado Natural Gas Prices"  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Of Series","Frequency","Latest Data for" ,"Data 1","Colorado Natural Gas Prices",11,"Annual",2012,"6301967" ,"Release Date:","10312013" ,"Next Release...

429

,"Virginia Natural Gas Prices"  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Of Series","Frequency","Latest Data for" ,"Data 1","Virginia Natural Gas Prices",11,"Annual",2012,"6301967" ,"Release Date:","10312013" ,"Next Release...

430

,"Oklahoma Natural Gas Prices"  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Of Series","Frequency","Latest Data for" ,"Data 1","Oklahoma Natural Gas Prices",11,"Annual",2012,"6301967" ,"Release Date:","10312013" ,"Next Release...

431

,"Washington Natural Gas Prices"  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Of Series","Frequency","Latest Data for" ,"Data 1","Washington Natural Gas Prices",12,"Annual",2012,"6301967" ,"Release Date:","10312013" ,"Next Release...

432

,"Maine Natural Gas Prices"  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Name","Description"," Of Series","Frequency","Latest Data for" ,"Data 1","Maine Natural Gas Prices",11,"Annual",2012,"6301967" ,"Release Date:","10312013" ,"Next Release...

433

,"Louisiana Natural Gas Prices"  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Of Series","Frequency","Latest Data for" ,"Data 1","Louisiana Natural Gas Prices",13,"Annual",2012,"6301967" ,"Release Date:","10312013" ,"Next Release...

434

,"Utah Natural Gas Prices"  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Name","Description"," Of Series","Frequency","Latest Data for" ,"Data 1","Utah Natural Gas Prices",11,"Annual",2012,"6301967" ,"Release Date:","10312013" ,"Next Release...

435

,"Oregon Natural Gas Prices"  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Name","Description"," Of Series","Frequency","Latest Data for" ,"Data 1","Oregon Natural Gas Prices",11,"Annual",2012,"6301967" ,"Release Date:","10312013" ,"Next Release...

436

,"Mississippi Natural Gas Prices"  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Of Series","Frequency","Latest Data for" ,"Data 1","Mississippi Natural Gas Prices",12,"Annual",2012,"6301967" ,"Release Date:","10312013" ,"Next Release...

437

,"Massachusetts Natural Gas Prices"  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Of Series","Frequency","Latest Data for" ,"Data 1","Massachusetts Natural Gas Prices",11,"Annual",2012,"6301967" ,"Release Date:","10312013" ,"Next Release...

438

,"Nevada Natural Gas Prices"  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Name","Description"," Of Series","Frequency","Latest Data for" ,"Data 1","Nevada Natural Gas Prices",11,"Annual",2012,"6301967" ,"Release Date:","10312013" ,"Next Release...

439

,"Delaware Natural Gas Prices"  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Of Series","Frequency","Latest Data for" ,"Data 1","Delaware Natural Gas Prices",10,"Annual",2012,"6301967" ,"Release Date:","10312013" ,"Next Release...

440

,"Pennsylvania Natural Gas Prices"  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Of Series","Frequency","Latest Data for" ,"Data 1","Pennsylvania Natural Gas Prices",11,"Annual",2012,"6301967" ,"Release Date:","10312013" ,"Next Release...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "distillate price monitoring" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


441

,"Kentucky Natural Gas Prices"  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Of Series","Frequency","Latest Data for" ,"Data 1","Kentucky Natural Gas Prices",11,"Annual",2012,"6301967" ,"Release Date:","10312013" ,"Next Release...

442

,"Montana Natural Gas Prices"  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

ame","Description"," Of Series","Frequency","Latest Data for" ,"Data 1","Montana Natural Gas Prices",13,"Annual",2012,"6301967" ,"Release Date:","10312013" ,"Next Release...

443

,"Idaho Natural Gas Prices"  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Name","Description"," Of Series","Frequency","Latest Data for" ,"Data 1","Idaho Natural Gas Prices",12,"Annual",2012,"6301967" ,"Release Date:","10312013" ,"Next Release...

444

,"Missouri Natural Gas Prices"  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Of Series","Frequency","Latest Data for" ,"Data 1","Missouri Natural Gas Prices",11,"Annual",2012,"6301967" ,"Release Date:","10312013" ,"Next Release...

445

,"Georgia Natural Gas Prices"  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

ame","Description"," Of Series","Frequency","Latest Data for" ,"Data 1","Georgia Natural Gas Prices",11,"Annual",2012,"6301967" ,"Release Date:","10312013" ,"Next Release...

446

,"Indiana Natural Gas Prices"  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

ame","Description"," Of Series","Frequency","Latest Data for" ,"Data 1","Indiana Natural Gas Prices",11,"Annual",2012,"6301967" ,"Release Date:","10312013" ,"Next Release...

447

,"Alabama Natural Gas Prices"  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

ame","Description"," Of Series","Frequency","Latest Data for" ,"Data 1","Alabama Natural Gas Prices",11,"Annual",2012,"6301967" ,"Release Date:","10312013" ,"Next Release...

448

,"Connecticut Natural Gas Prices"  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Of Series","Frequency","Latest Data for" ,"Data 1","Connecticut Natural Gas Prices",10,"Annual",2012,"6301967" ,"Release Date:","10312013" ,"Next Release...

449

,"Alaska Natural Gas Prices"  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Name","Description"," Of Series","Frequency","Latest Data for" ,"Data 1","Alaska Natural Gas Prices",11,"Annual",2012,"6301967" ,"Release Date:","10312013" ,"Next Release...

450

,"Hawaii Natural Gas Prices"  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Name","Description"," Of Series","Frequency","Latest Data for" ,"Data 1","Hawaii Natural Gas Prices",8,"Annual",2012,"6301980" ,"Release Date:","10312013" ,"Next Release...

451

,"Iowa Natural Gas Prices"  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

,"Workbook Contents" ,"Iowa Natural Gas Prices" ,"Click worksheet name or tab at bottom for data" ,"Worksheet Name","Description"," Of Series","Frequency","Latest Data for" ,"Data...

452

,"Alabama Natural Gas Prices"  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

,"Workbook Contents" ,"Alabama Natural Gas Prices" ,"Click worksheet name or tab at bottom for data" ,"Worksheet Name","Description"," Of Series","Frequency","Latest Data for"...

453

,"Georgia Natural Gas Prices"  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

,"Workbook Contents" ,"Georgia Natural Gas Prices" ,"Click worksheet name or tab at bottom for data" ,"Worksheet Name","Description"," Of Series","Frequency","Latest Data for"...

454

,"Connecticut Natural Gas Prices"  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

,"Workbook Contents" ,"Connecticut Natural Gas Prices" ,"Click worksheet name or tab at bottom for data" ,"Worksheet Name","Description"," Of Series","Frequency","Latest Data for"...

455

,"Colorado Natural Gas Prices"  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

,"Workbook Contents" ,"Colorado Natural Gas Prices" ,"Click worksheet name or tab at bottom for data" ,"Worksheet Name","Description"," Of Series","Frequency","Latest Data for"...

456

,"California Natural Gas Prices"  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

,"Workbook Contents" ,"California Natural Gas Prices" ,"Click worksheet name or tab at bottom for data" ,"Worksheet Name","Description"," Of Series","Frequency","Latest Data for"...

457

,"Florida Natural Gas Prices"  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

,"Workbook Contents" ,"Florida Natural Gas Prices" ,"Click worksheet name or tab at bottom for data" ,"Worksheet Name","Description"," Of Series","Frequency","Latest Data for"...

458

,"Arkansas Natural Gas Prices"  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

,"Workbook Contents" ,"Arkansas Natural Gas Prices" ,"Click worksheet name or tab at bottom for data" ,"Worksheet Name","Description"," Of Series","Frequency","Latest Data for"...

459

,"Arizona Natural Gas Prices"  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

,"Workbook Contents" ,"Arizona Natural Gas Prices" ,"Click worksheet name or tab at bottom for data" ,"Worksheet Name","Description"," Of Series","Frequency","Latest Data for"...

460

,"Alaska Natural Gas Prices"  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

,"Workbook Contents" ,"Alaska Natural Gas Prices" ,"Click worksheet name or tab at bottom for data" ,"Worksheet Name","Description"," Of Series","Frequency","Latest Data for"...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "distillate price monitoring" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


461

,"Delaware Natural Gas Prices"  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

,"Workbook Contents" ,"Delaware Natural Gas Prices" ,"Click worksheet name or tab at bottom for data" ,"Worksheet Name","Description"," Of Series","Frequency","Latest Data for"...

462

,"Hawaii Natural Gas Prices"  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

,"Workbook Contents" ,"Hawaii Natural Gas Prices" ,"Click worksheet name or tab at bottom for data" ,"Worksheet Name","Description"," Of Series","Frequency","Latest Data for"...

463

Crude oil steam distillation in steam flooding. Final report  

SciTech Connect

Steam distillation yields of sixteen crude oils from various parts of the United States have been determined at a saturated steam pressure of 200 psig. Study made to investigate the effect of steam pressure (200 to 500 psig) on steam distillation yields indicates that the maximum yields of a crude oil may be obtained at 200 psig. At a steam distillation correlation factor (V/sub w//V/sub oi/) of 15, the determined steam distillation yields range from 12 to 56% of initial oil volume for the sixteen crude oils with gravity ranging from 12 to 40/sup 0/API. Regression analysis of experimental steam distillation yields shows that the boiling temperature (simulated distillation temperature) at 20% simulated distillation yield can predict the steam distillation yields reasonably well: the standard error ranges from 2.8 to 3.5% (in yield) for V/sub w//V/sub oi/ < 5 and from 3.5 to 4.5% for V/sub w//V/sub oi/ > 5. The oil viscosity (cs) at 100/sup 0/F can predict the steam distillation yields with standard error from 3.1 to 4.3%. The API gravity can predict the steam distillation yields with standard error from 4.4 to 5.7%. Characterization factor is an unsatisfactory correlation independent variable for correlation purpose.

Wu, C.H.; Elder, R.B.

1980-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

464

Apparatus for distilling shale oil from oil shale  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

An apparatus for distilling shale oil from oil shale comprises: a vertical type distilling furnace which is divided by two vertical partitions each provided with a plurality of vent apertures into an oil shale treating chamber and two gas chambers, said oil shale treating chamber being located between said two gas chambers in said vertical type distilling furnace, said vertical type distilling furnace being further divided by at least one horizontal partition into an oil shale distilling chamber in the lower part thereof and at least one oil shale preheating chamber in the upper part thereof, said oil shale distilling chamber and said oil shale preheating chamber communication with each other through a gap provided at an end of said horizontal partition, an oil shale supplied continuously from an oil shale supply port provided in said oil shale treating chamber at the top thereof into said oil shale treating chamber continuously moving from the oil shale preheating chamber to the oil shale distilling chamber, a high-temperature gas blown into an oil shale distilling chamber passing horizontally through said oil shale in said oil shale treating chamber, thereby said oil shale is preheated in said oil shale preheating chamber, and a gaseous shale oil is distilled from said preheated oil shale in said oil shale distilling chamber; and a separator for separating by liquefaction a gaseous shale oil from a gas containing the gaseous shale oil discharged from the oil shale preheating chamber.

Shishido, T.; Sato, Y.

1984-02-14T23:59:59.000Z

465

Retrospective Evaluation of Appliance Price Trends  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

the higher the product cost and retail price. Table 3.change and appliance price Room air conditioners Small (price data to clarify price

Dale, Larry

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

466

Retrospective Evaluation of Appliance Price Trends  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

analyses to generate price trends more accurately. 8.Evaluation of Appliance Price Trends Larry Dale, Camillewith regard to overall price trends and relative price of

Dale, Larry

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

467

State energy fuel prices by major economic sector from 1960 through 1977  

SciTech Connect

The state energy fuel prices are described and displayed by major economic sector for 1960 to 1977. These prices support the Regional Energy Demand Model. The 7 major fuel commodities in the Price Data System fall into two groups: petroleum products (distillate, residual, kerosene, gasoline, and liquid petroleum gas) and non-petroleum product fuels (electric power and natural gas). The methodology for calculating each commodity is shown. A detailed description of the wholesale and retail price methodology is presented. Appendices A and B display the price series in calorific and physical units, respectively. Some data-supporting tables are presented in Appendix C and Appendix D describes the fuel identifiers for decoding information in Appendices A and B.

Galliker, J.P.

1979-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

468

Product Price Spreads Over Crude Oil Vary With Seasons and Supply/Demand  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

6 6 Notes: Of course, petroleum product prices don't move in lockstep to crude oil prices, for a number of reasons. We find it useful to look at variations in the spread between product and crude oil prices, in this case comparing spot market prices for each. The difference between heating oil and crude oil spot prices tends to vary seasonally; that is, it's generally higher in the winter, when demand for distillate fuels is higher due to heating requirements, and lower in the summer. (Gasoline, as we'll see later, generally does the opposite.) However, other factors affecting supply and demand, including the relative severity of winter weather, can greatly distort these "typical" seasonal trends. As seen on this chart, the winters of 1995-96 and 1996-97 featured

469

Unifying classical and quantum key distillation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Assume that two distant parties, Alice and Bob, as well as an adversary, Eve, have access to (quantum) systems prepared jointly according to a tripartite state. In addition, Alice and Bob can use local operations and authenticated public classical communication. Their goal is to establish a key which is unknown to Eve. We initiate the study of this scenario as a unification of two standard scenarios: (i) key distillation (agreement) from classical correlations and (ii) key distillation from pure tripartite quantum states. Firstly, we obtain generalisations of fundamental results related to scenarios (i) and (ii), including upper bounds on the key rate. Moreover, based on an embedding of classical distributions into quantum states, we are able to find new connections between protocols and quantities in the standard scenarios (i) and (ii). Secondly, we study specific properties of key distillation protocols. In particular, we show that every protocol that makes use of pre-shared key can be transformed into an equally efficient protocol which needs no pre-shared key. This result is of practical significance as it applies to quantum key distribution (QKD) protocols, but it also implies that the key rate cannot be locked with information on Eve's side. Finally, we exhibit an arbitrarily large separation between the key rate in the standard setting where Eve is equipped with quantum memory and the key rate in a setting where Eve is only given classical memory. This shows that assumptions on the nature of Eve's memory are important in order to determine the correct security threshold in QKD.

Matthias Christandl; Artur Ekert; Michal Horodecki; Pawel Horodecki; Jonathan Oppenheim; Renato Renner

2006-08-25T23:59:59.000Z

470

Unifying classical and quantum key distillation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Assume that two distant parties, Alice and Bob, as well as an adversary, Eve, have access to (quantum) systems prepared jointly according to a tripartite state ?ABE. In addition, Alice and Bob can use local operations and authenticated public classical communication. Their goal is to establish a key which is unknown to Eve. We initiate the study of this scenario as a unification of two standard scenarios: (i) key distillation (agreement) from classical correlations and (ii) key distillation from pure tripartite quantum states. Firstly, we obtain generalisations of fundamental results related to scenarios (i) and (ii), including upper bounds on the key rate, i.e., the number of key bits that can be extracted per copy of ?ABE. Moreover, based on an embedding of classical distributions into quantum states, we are able to find new connections between protocols and quantities in the standard scenarios (i) and (ii). Secondly, we study specific properties of key distillation protocols. In particular, we show that every protocol that makes use of pre-shared key can be transformed into an equally efficient protocol which needs no pre-shared key. This result is of practical significance as it applies to quantum key distribution (QKD) protocols, but it also implies that the key rate cannot be locked with information on Eve’s side. Finally, we exhibit an arbitrarily large separation between the key rate in the standard setting where Eve is equipped with quantum memory and the key rate in a setting where Eve is only given classical memory. This shows that assumptions on the nature of Eve’s memory are important in order to determine the correct security threshold in QKD. 1

Matthias Christ; Renato Renner

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

471

Minnesota Natural Gas Prices  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

4.43 4.50 4.68 1989-2013 Residential Price 7.52 7.29 7.42 7.50 8.15 NA 1989-2013 Percentage of Total Residential Deliveries included in Prices 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0...

472

Tennessee Natural Gas Prices  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

5.23 4.35 1984-2012 Residential Price 13.42 14.20 12.15 10.46 10.21 9.98 1967-2012 Percentage of Total Residential Deliveries included in Prices 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0...

473

Delaware Natural Gas Prices  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

6.56 8.19 1989-2013 Residential Price 12.80 12.32 12.19 12.38 13.12 16.23 1989-2013 Percentage of Total Residential Deliveries included in Prices 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0...

474

Mississippi Natural Gas Prices  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

4.14 4.73 4.83 1989-2013 Residential Price 8.72 8.06 8.20 7.83 8.65 10.14 1989-2013 Percentage of Total Residential Deliveries included in Prices 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0...

475

Washington Natural Gas Prices  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

4.76 5.86 1989-2013 Residential Price 10.58 10.47 10.67 10.90 11.20 13.02 1989-2013 Percentage of Total Residential Deliveries included in Prices 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0...

476

Oklahoma Natural Gas Prices  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

5.67 5.00 1984-2012 Residential Price 12.06 12.32 11.39 11.12 10.32 11.14 1967-2012 Percentage of Total Residential Deliveries included in Prices 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0...

477

Alabama Natural Gas Prices  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

4.80 5.11 1989-2013 Residential Price 15.39 14.44 14.29 NA 15.40 18.40 1989-2013 Percentage of Total Residential Deliveries included in Prices 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0...

478

Oklahoma Natural Gas Prices  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

4.65 4.73 5.23 1989-2013 Residential Price 9.20 7.65 8.36 8.01 9.27 11.81 1989-2013 Percentage of Total Residential Deliveries included in Prices 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0...

479

Maryland Natural Gas Prices  

Annual Energy Outlook 2012 (EIA)

6.17 7.02 1989-2013 Residential Price NA 10.78 10.30 10.42 12.70 15.65 1989-2013 Percentage of Total Residential Deliveries included in Prices NA 76.5 75.4 75.2 72.9 70.8...

480

Louisiana Natural Gas Prices  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

4.60 4.62 1989-2013 Residential Price 10.19 8.87 9.52 9.06 10.68 12.47 1989-2013 Percentage of Total Residential Deliveries included in Prices 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "distillate price monitoring" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


481

Missouri Natural Gas Prices  

Annual Energy Outlook 2012 (EIA)

4.34 5.72 6.25 1989-2013 Residential Price 9.95 8.72 9.05 9.12 10.74 12.84 1989-2013 Percentage of Total Residential Deliveries included in Prices 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0...

482

California Natural Gas Prices  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

9.43 9.92 9.93 9.22 1967-2012 Percentage of Total Residential Deliveries included in Prices 99.5 99.3 98.9 98.5 98.3 97.4 1989-2012 Commercial Price 10.20 11.75 7.75 8.30 8.28...

483

Michigan Natural Gas Prices  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

11.32 10.47 9.96 1967-2012 Percentage of Total Residential Deliveries included in Prices 94.5 94.0 93.7 91.9 92.1 NA 1989-2012 Commercial Price 10.02 10.66 9.38 8.95 9.14 8.34...

484

Utility spot pricing, California  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The objective of the present spot pricing study carried out for SCE and PG&E is to develop the concepts which wculd lead to an experimental design for spot pricing in the two utilities. The report suggests a set of experiments ...

Schweppe, Fred C.

1982-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

485

High Electricity Prices  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Generators supplying electricity markets are subject to volatile input and output prices and uncertain fuel availability. Price-risk may be hedged to a considerable extent but fuel-risk — water flows in the case of hydro and gas availability in the case of thermal plants — may not be. We show that a price-taking generator will only generate when the output price exceeds its marginal cost by an amount that reflects the value of the option to delay the use of stored fuel. The corresponding offer price is different from the theorized offer prices of static uniform auctions and more akin to pay-as-bid auction prices. We argue that the option value of delaying fuel use, which is an increasing function of spot price volatility and the uncertainty about fuel availability, must be considered when evaluating whether market power is present in electricity markets. The engineering approach to simulating an electricity supply curve, which has been used in market power evaluations to date, may lead to supply curves that are quite different from those that recognize possible fuel availability limitations, even in the complete absence of market power.

Kevin Counsell; Graeme Guthrie; Steen Videbeck

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

486

The Minimum Price Contract  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A minimum price contract is one of many tools a marketer may use to better manage price and production risk while trying to achieve financial goals and objectives. This publication discusses the advantages and disadvantages involved in this marketing program and the situations when it can be used.

Waller, Mark L.; Amosson, Stephen H.; Welch, Mark; Dhuyvetter, Kevin C.

2008-10-17T23:59:59.000Z

487

Connecticut Natural Gas Prices  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

15.45 18.00 18.88 1989-2013 Percentage of Total Residential Deliveries included in Prices 97.3 96.9 96.3 96.3 96.6 96.4 2002-2013 Commercial Price 8.24 7.71 8.57 8.59 8.19 8.51...

488

Utah Natural Gas Prices  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

8.95 8.22 8.44 NA 1967-2012 Percentage of Total Residential Deliveries included in Prices 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 1989-2012 Commercial Price 8.03 7.74 7.57 6.83...

489

Colorado Natural Gas Prices  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

8.80 8.13 8.25 8.26 1967-2012 Percentage of Total Residential Deliveries included in Prices 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 1989-2012 Commercial Price 8.10 9.01 7.56 7.58...

490

Illinois Natural Gas Prices  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

14.56 15.62 15.52 1989-2013 Percentage of Total Residential Deliveries included in Prices 87.5 84.9 83.4 84.8 86.6 86.7 2002-2013 Commercial Price 7.04 8.26 NA 12.27 12.69...

491

Hawaii Natural Gas Prices  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

44.50 55.28 52.86 1980-2012 Percentage of Total Residential Deliveries included in Prices 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 1989-2012 Commercial Price 28.31 39.01 30.00 36.55...

492

Hawaii Natural Gas Prices  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

46.54 48.35 47.10 1989-2013 Percentage of Total Residential Deliveries included in Prices 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 2002-2013 Commercial Price 47.66 44.78 42.04 39.71...

493

Kentucky Natural Gas Prices  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

17.45 20.55 20.92 1989-2013 Percentage of Total Residential Deliveries included in Prices 95.9 94.3 95.8 96.3 96.9 97.1 2002-2013 Commercial Price 7.02 7.81 NA 11.14 11.58...

494

Ohio Natural Gas Prices  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

11.13 10.78 9.84 1967-2012 Percentage of Total Residential Deliveries included in Prices 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 1989-2012 Commercial Price 11.74 12.77 10.42 9.25...

495

Virginia Natural Gas Prices  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

12.73 12.72 12.52 1967-2012 Percentage of Total Residential Deliveries included in Prices 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 90.1 89.6 1989-2012 Commercial Price 11.99 12.81 10.31 9.55...

496

Delaware Natural Gas Prices  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

19.64 22.31 24.12 1989-2013 Percentage of Total Residential Deliveries included in Prices 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 2002-2013 Commercial Price 11.25 11.64 12.74 13.72...

497

Kentucky Natural Gas Prices  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

10.02 10.44 10.26 1967-2012 Percentage of Total Residential Deliveries included in Prices 96.1 96.0 95.4 95.7 95.5 95.8 1989-2012 Commercial Price 11.29 13.25 10.89 8.61 8.78...

498

Missouri Natural Gas Prices  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

21.40 23.86 24.98 1989-2013 Percentage of Total Residential Deliveries included in Prices 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 2002-2013 Commercial Price 8.22 8.78 9.48 11.32 NA...

499

Mississippi Natural Gas Prices  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

12.49 13.53 13.60 1989-2013 Percentage of Total Residential Deliveries included in Prices 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 2002-2013 Commercial Price 7.34 7.44 7.87 7.47...

500

Oklahoma Natural Gas Prices  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

11.12 10.32 11.14 1967-2012 Percentage of Total Residential Deliveries included in Prices 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 1989-2012 Commercial Price 10.94 11.54 10.59 9.77...