Powered by Deep Web Technologies
Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "dissolved solids tds" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


1

Determination of Total Solids in Biomass and Total Dissolved...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Total Solids in Biomass and Total Dissolved Solids in Liquid Process Samples Laboratory Analytical Procedure (LAP) Issue Date: 3312008 A. Sluiter, B. Hames, D. Hyman, C. Payne,...

2

Assessment of the validity of conductivity as an estimate of total dissolved solids in heavy-duty coolants  

SciTech Connect

Conductivity is widely used in the analysis of heavy-duty coolants to estimate total dissolved solids. TDS is of concern in heavy-duty coolants because the practice of adding supplemental coolant additives (SCAs) to the coolant can lead to overloading and to subsequent water pump seal weepage and failure. Conductivity has the advantage of being quick and easy to measure and the equipment is inexpensive. However, questions are continually raised as to whether conductivity truly is a valid method of estimating TDS and, if so, over what concentration range. The introduction of new chemistries in heavy-duty coolants and new extended service interval (ESI) technologies prompts a critical assessment. Conductivity and TDS measurements for all of the coolants and SCAs used in heavy-duty engines in North America will be presented. The effects of glycol concentration on conductivity will also be examined.

Carr, R.P. [Penray Companies, Inc., Wheeling, IL (United States)

1999-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

3

TDS3000C Series Digital Phosphor Oscilloscopes  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

xx TDS3000C Series Digital Phosphor Oscilloscopes ZZZ User Manual *P071230802* 071-2308-02 #12;#12;TDS3000C Series Digital Phosphor Oscilloscopes ZZZ User Manual xx www.tektronix.com 071-2308-02 #12

Kleinfeld, David

4

A hybrid ED/RO process for TDS reduction of produced waters  

SciTech Connect

Large volumes of produced waters are generated from natural gas production. In the United States the prevailing management practice for produced waters is deep well injection, but this practice is costly. Therefore minimizing the need for deep well injection is desirable. A major treatment issue for produced waters is the reduction of total dissolved solids (TDS), which consist mostly of inorganic salts. A hybrid electrodialysis/reverse-osmosis (ED/RO) treatment process is being developed to concentrate the salts in produced waters and thereby reduce the volume of brine that needs to be managed for disposal. The desalted water can be used beneficially or discharged. In this study, laboratory feasibility experiments were conducted by using produced waters from multiple sites. A novel-membrane configuration approach to prevent fouling and scale formation was developed and demonstrated. Results of laboratory experiments and plans for field demonstration are discussed.

Tsai, S.P.; Datta, R.; Frank, J.R. [and others

1995-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

5

Cost Effective Recovery of Low-TDS Frac Flowback Water for Re-use  

SciTech Connect

The project goal was to develop a cost-effective water recovery process to reduce the costs and envi-ronmental impact of shale gas production. This effort sought to develop both a flowback water pre-treatment process and a membrane-based partial demineralization process for the treatment of the low-Total Dissolved Solids (TDS) portion of the flowback water produced during hydrofracturing operations. The TDS cutoff for consideration in this project is < 35,000 {approx} 45,000 ppm, which is the typical limit for economic water recovery employing reverse osmosis (RO) type membrane desalination processes. The ultimate objective is the production of clean, reclaimed water suitable for re-use in hydrofracturing operations. The team successfully compiled data on flowback composition and other attributes across multiple shale plays, identified the likely applicability of membrane treatment processes in those shales, and expanded the proposed product portfolio to include four options suitable for various reuse or discharge applications. Pretreatment technologies were evaluated at the lab scale and down-selected based upon their efficacy in removing key contaminants. The chosen technologies were further validated by performing membrane fouling studies with treated flowback water to demonstrate the technical feasibility of flowback treatment with RO membranes. Process flow schemes were constructed for each of the four product options based on experimental performance data from actual flowback water treatment studies. For the products requiring membrane treatment, membrane system model-ing software was used to create designs for enhanced water recovery beyond the typical seawater desalination benchmark. System costs based upon vendor and internal cost information for all process flow schemes were generated and are below target and in line with customer expectations. Finally, to account for temporal and geographic variability in flowback characteristics as well as local disposal costs and regulations, a parametric value assessment tool was created to assess the economic attractiveness of a given flowback recovery process relative to conventional disposal for any combination of anticipated flowback TDS and local disposal cost. It is concluded that membrane systems in combination with appropriate pretreatment technologies can provide cost-effective recovery of low-TDS flow-back water for either beneficial reuse or safe surface discharge.

Claire Henderson; Harish Acharya; Hope Matis; Hareesh Kommepalli; Brian Moore; Hua Wang

2011-03-31T23:59:59.000Z

6

Maintenance of high TDS in pore waters above the New Albany Shale of the Illinois Basin  

SciTech Connect

The TDS content of interstitial waters above the Upper Devonian New Albany Shale of the Illinois Basin, mostly sodium and chloride, increases at an average rate of 15 wt%km[sup [minus]1]. Roughly 200 My have elapsed since the youngest marine rocks of wide horizontal extent [Pennsylvania] were deposited. Regardless of the original brine-forming mechanism, the maintenance of high TDS for such a long time span is problematic because upward diffusion above the New Albany Shale should have lowered TDS if no salt dissolved above the New Albany Shale. Groundwater flow at even small rates would have lowered TDS faster than the process of diffusion alone. Calculations which take into account the effects of vertical diffusion show that the present-day salinity gradient of waters above the New Albany Shale can be explained if: (1) the salinity gradient 200 My b.p. was at least thrice as high as at the present, or (2) salt dissolved above the New Albany Shale at an average rate of about 12 m of halite column over 200 My. The code PORFLOW was used to simulate flushing of brines in a generic basin 500 km wide, 1.5 km deep [the maximum depth of the New Albany Shale], with a low basin-wide topographic gradient of 0.06%.

Ranganathan, V. (Indiana Univ., Bloomington, IN (United States). Dept. of Geological Sciences)

1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

7

A data reconnaissance on the effect of suspended-sediment concentrations on dissolved-solids concentrations in rivers and tributaries in the Upper Colorado River Basin  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Summary The Colorado River is one of the most important sources of water in the western United States, supplying water to over 35 million people in the U.S. and 3 million people in Mexico. High dissolved-solids loading to the River and tributaries are derived primarily from geologic material deposited in inland seas in the mid-to-late Cretaceous Period, but this loading may be increased by human activities. High dissolved solids in the River causes substantial damages to users, primarily in reduced agricultural crop yields and corrosion. The Colorado River Basin Salinity Control Program was created to manage dissolved-solids loading to the River and has focused primarily on reducing irrigation-related loading from agricultural areas. This work presents a reconnaissance of existing data from sites in the Upper Colorado River Basin (UCRB) in order to highlight areas where suspended-sediment control measures may be useful in reducing dissolved-solids concentrations. Multiple linear regression was used on data from 164 sites in the UCRB to develop dissolved-solids models that include combinations of explanatory variables of suspended sediment, flow, and time. Results from the partial t-test, overall likelihood ratio, and partial likelihood ratio on the models were used to group the sites into categories of strong, moderate, weak, and no-evidence of a relation between suspended-sediment and dissolved-solids concentrations. Results show 68 sites have strong or moderate evidence of a relation, with drainage areas for many of these sites composed of a large percentage of clastic sedimentary rocks. These results could assist water managers in the region in directing field-scale evaluation of suspended-sediment control measures to reduce UCRB dissolved-solids loading.

Fred D Tillman; David W. Anning

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

8

Process for separating dissolved solids from a liquid using an anti-solvent and multiple effect evaporators  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A process and system are disclosed for treating aluminum salt cake containing water soluble halide salts by contacting the salt cake with water to dissolve water soluble halide salts forming a saturated brine solution. Transporting a portion of about 25% of the saturated brine solution to a reactor and introducing into the saturated brine solution at least an equal volume of a water-miscible low-boiling organic material such as acetone to precipitate a portion of the dissolved halide salts forming a three-phase mixture of an aqueous-organic-salt solution phase and a precipitated salt phase and an organic rich phase. The precipitated salt phase is separated from the other phases and the organic rich phase is recycled to the reactor. The remainder of the saturated brine solution is sent to a multiple effect evaporator having a plurality of stages with the last stage thereof producing low grade steam which is used to boil off the organic portion of the solution which is recycled. 3 figs.

Daniels, E.J.; Jody, B.J.; Bonsignore, P.V.

1994-07-19T23:59:59.000Z

9

Computed solid phases limiting the concentration of dissolved constituents in basalt aquifers of the Columbia Plateau in eastern Washington. Geochemical modeling and nuclide/rock/groundwater interaction studies  

SciTech Connect

A speciation-solubility geochemical model, WATEQ2, was used to analyze geographically-diverse, ground-water samples from the aquifers of the Columbia Plateau basalts in eastern Washington. The ground-water samples compute to be at equilibrium with calcite, which provides both a solubility control for dissolved calcium and a pH buffer. Amorphic ferric hydroxide, Fe(OH)/sub 3/(A), is at saturation or modestly oversaturated in the few water samples with measured redox potentials. Most of the ground-water samples compute to be at equilibrium with amorphic silica (glass) and wairakite, a zeolite, and are saturated to oversaturated with respect to allophane, an amorphic aluminosilicate. The water samples are saturated to undersaturated with halloysite, a clay, and are variably oversaturated with regard to other secondary clay minerals. Equilibrium between the ground water and amorphic silica presumably results from the dissolution of the glassy matrix of the basalt. The oversaturation of the clay minerals other than halloysite indicates that their rate of formation lags the dissolution rate of the basaltic glass. The modeling results indicate that metastable amorphic solids limit the concentration of dissolved silicon and suggest the same possibility for aluminum and iron, and that the processes of dissolution of basaltic glass and formation of metastable secondary minerals are continuing even though the basalts are of Miocene age. The computed solubility relations are found to agree with the known assemblages of alteration minerals in the basalt fractures and vesicles. Because the chemical reactivity of the bedrock will influence the transport of solutes in ground water, the observed solubility equilibria are important factors with regard to chemical-retention processes associated with the possible migration of nuclear waste stored in the earth's crust.

Deutsch, W.J.; Jenne, E.A.; Krupka, K.M.

1982-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

10

Technical Data Sheet: TDS 15 DIFRAM100: RAPID AIR MONITOR -NITROGEN DIOXIDE (NO2).  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Technical Data Sheet: TDS 15 DIFRAM100: RAPID AIR MONITOR - NITROGEN DIOXIDE (NO2). Description: A plastic (H.D.P.E.) circular diffusive sampler containing a sorbent for measuring gaseous nitrogen dioxide

Short, Daniel

11

Use ORNL DAAC TDS Data Resources in Matlab 1. Required Matlab Toolbox  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Use ORNL DAAC TDS Data Resources in Matlab 1. Required Matlab Toolbox Matlab loaddap Tool The Matlab loaddap Tool provides a way to read any DAP-accessible data into Matlab. Visit http://www.opendap.org/matlab-loaddap to find out how

12

Abstract--Time-driven Switching (TDS) networks with non-immediate forwarding (NIF) provides scheduling  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Abstract-- Time-driven Switching (TDS) networks with non-immediate forwarding (NIF) provides that with NIF scheduling complexity may grow exponentially. Efficiently finding a schedule from an exponential formulation of the NIF scheduling problem, under a wide variety of networking requirements, then introduces

Baldi, Mario

13

Sustainable development through beneficial use of produced water for the oil and gas industry  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

using desalination membranes. Produced water with up to 45,000 ppm total dissolved solids (TDS) can be treated to agricultural water quality water standards having less than 500 ppm TDS. Finally an economic analysis, including capital and operational...

Siddiqui, Mustafa Ashique

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

14

DOE/LX/07-0341&D1 Secondary Document Gold DIssolver Tank DMSA...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

DIssolver Tank DMSA C-400-03 Solid Waste Management Unit (SWMU) Assessment Report SWMUAOC NUMBER: 48 DATE OF ORIGINAL SAR: 082487 DATE OF SAR REVISIONS: 061410 REGULATORY...

15

Process for coal liquefaction in staged dissolvers  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

There is described an improved liquefaction process by which coal is converted to a low ash and low sulfur carbonaceous material that can be used as a fuel in an environmentally acceptable manner without costly gas scrubbing equipment. In the process, coal is slurried with a pasting oil, passed through a preheater and at least two dissolvers in series in the presence of hydrogen-rich gases at elevated temperatures and pressures. Solids, including mineral ash and unconverted coal macerals, are separated from the condensed reactor effluent. In accordance with the improved process, the first dissolver is operated at a higher temperature than the second dissolver. This temperature sequence produces improved product selectivity and permits the incorporation of sufficient hydrogen in the solvent for adequate recycle operations.

Roberts, George W. (Emmaus, PA); Givens, Edwin N. (Bethlehem, PA); Skinner, Ronald W. (Allentown, PA)

1983-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

16

The Minnesota Filter: A Tool for Capturing Stormwater Dissolved Phosphorus  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of urban storm water best management practices, U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Washington, D.C. #12 in Agricultural Runoff. Journal of Environmental Quality 21(1), 30-35. U.S. EPA. (1999) Preliminary data summary treatment practices provide: ­ Filtration (solids) ­ Infiltration (solids, dissolved?) ­ Sedimentation

Minnesota, University of

17

Process for coal liquefaction by separation of entrained gases from slurry exiting staged dissolvers  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

There is described an improved liquefaction process by which coal is converted to a low ash and low sulfur carbonaceous material that can be used as a fuel in an environmentally acceptable manner without costly gas scrubbing equipment. In the process, coal is slurried with a solvent, passed through a preheater and at least two dissolvers in series in the presence of hydrogen-rich gases at elevated temperatures and pressures. Solids, including mineral ash and unconverted coal macerals are separated from the condensed dissolver effluent. In accordance with the improved process, fresh hydrogen is fed to each dissolver and the entrained gas from each dissolver is separated from the slurry phase and removed from the reactor system before the condensed phase is passed to the next dissolver in the series. In accordance with another process, the feeds to the dissolvers are such that the top of each downstream dissolver is used as a gas-liquid separator.

Givens, Edwin N. (Bethlehem, PA); Ying, David H. S. (Macungie, PA)

1983-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

18

Excretion of dissolved organic carbon by eelgrass  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract. The release of dissolved organic carbon (DOC) by eelgrass (Zosteru marina) and its epiphytic ... tive agreement between the U.S. Energy Research.

2000-01-05T23:59:59.000Z

19

2, 537549, 2005 Dissolved iron input  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

the semblance of a dissolved load are coagulated and settled as their freshwater carrier is mixed with seawater of the iron load from the suspended and dissolved mobile fraction to storage in the sediments was measured masses beyond the mixing zone, a process known as the "marine biological carbon pump". This export5

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

20

Compositional controls on melting and dissolving a salt into a ternary melt  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...dissolves into a multi-component...mechanism for heat and mass transport, building from the classical...for much lower heat fluxes than...greater latent heat. (c) Dissolution...solid into a multi-component...developed a family of similarity...

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "dissolved solids tds" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


21

Dissolved state of chromium in seawater  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

... dissolved in a small amount of diluted nitric acid. The resulting solution was used for flameless atomic absorption analysis. The total amount of inorganic Cr(III) present was determined from ...

Eiichiro Nakayama; Hiroyuki Tokoro; Tooru Kuwamoto; Taitiro Fujinaga

1981-04-30T23:59:59.000Z

22

Method of separating lignocellulosic material into lignin, cellulose and dissolved sugars  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A method is described for separating lignocellulosic material into (a) lignin, (b) cellulose, and (c) hemicellulose and dissolved sugars. Wood or herbaceous biomass is digested at elevated temperature in a single-phase mixture of alcohol, water and a water-immiscible organic solvent (e.g., a ketone). After digestion, the amount of water or organic solvent is adjusted so that there is phase separation. The lignin is present in the organic solvent, the cellulose is present in a solid pulp phase, and the aqueous phase includes hemicellulose and any dissolved sugars.

Black, S.K.; Hames, B.R.; Myers, M.D.

1998-03-24T23:59:59.000Z

23

Method of separating lignocellulosic material into lignin, cellulose and dissolved sugars  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A method for separating lignocellulosic material into (a) lignin, (b) cellulose, and (c) hemicellulose and dissolved sugars. Wood or herbaceous biomass is digested at elevated temperature in a single-phase mixture of alcohol, water and a water-immiscible organic solvent (e.g., a ketone). After digestion, the amount of water or organic solvent is adjusted so that there is phase separation. The lignin is present in the organic solvent, the cellulose is present in a solid pulp phase, and the aqueous phase includes hemicellulose and any dissolved sugars.

Black, Stuart K. (Denver, CO); Hames, Bonnie R. (Westminster, CO); Myers, Michele D. (Dacono, CO)

1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

24

Oklahoma Associated-Dissolved Natural Gas, Wet After Lease Separation...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Oklahoma Associated-Dissolved Natural Gas, Wet After Lease Separation, Proved Reserves (Billion Cubic Feet) Oklahoma Associated-Dissolved Natural Gas, Wet After Lease Separation,...

25

Electrodialysis-ion exchange for the separation of dissolved salts  

SciTech Connect

The Department of Energy generates and stores a significant quantity of low level, high level, and mixed wastes. As some of the DOE facilities are decontaminated and decommissioned, additional and possibly different forms of wastes will be generated. A significant portion of these wastes are aqueous streams containing acids, bases, and salts, or are wet solids containing inorganic salts. Some of these wastes are quite dilute solutions, whereas others contain large quantities of nitrates either in the form of dissolved salts or acids. Many of the wastes are also contaminated with heavy metals, radioactive products, or organics. Some of these wastes are in storage because a satisfactory treatment and disposal processes have not been developed. This report describes the process of electrodialysis-ion exchange (EDIX) for treating aqueous wastes streams consisting of nitrates, sodium, organics, heavy metals, and radioactive species.

Baroch, C.J.; Grant, P.J.

1995-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

26

Simulation of a continuous rotary dissolver  

SciTech Connect

This paper describes the simulation of a rotating, multistage chemical reactor that dissolves spent nuclear fuel for reprocessing in a breeder cycle. The continuous, time-dependent process model of a dissolver was developed using the Advanced Continuous Simulation Language (ACSL) to calculate various temperatures and the masses of the chemical constituents of the solution in each stage. The Gear integration algorithm (Gear 1971) was used to accommodate the stiff dynamics. An arrangement of interacting discrete sections was employed to cause fresh fuel to be added and dissolver rotations to occur at appropriate times. By changing various constants, the model can simulate the effect of different fuel compositions and operational scenarios. The model code is a valuable tool for analysis of the performance of the dissolution system and has been instrumental in its design. 5 refs., 7 figs.

Carnal, C.L.; Hardy, J.E.; Lewis, B.E.

1989-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

27

Fractionation of Dissolved Solutes and Chromophoric Dissolved Organic Matter During Experimental Sea Ice Formation.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In the past decade there has been an overall decrease in Arctic Ocean sea ice cover. Changes to the ice cover have important consequences for organic carbon cycling, especially over the continental shelves. When sea ice is formed, dissolved organic...

Smith, Stephanie 1990-

2012-04-16T23:59:59.000Z

28

Status report on solid control in leachates  

SciTech Connect

Sludge pretreatment will involve some combination of washing and leaching with sodium hydroxide solutions to remove soluble salts and amphoteric material such as alumina. It is of paramount importance to prevent gelation and uncontrolled solid formation in tanks, transfer lines, and process equipment. An evaluation of results of washing and caustic leaching indicates that washing is more effective in dissolving sludge solids than subsequent sodium hydroxide treatment. Only aluminum and chromium were removed more effectively by caustic leaching than by water washing.

Beahm, E.C.; Weber, C.F.; Lee, D.D.; Dillow, T.A.; Hunt, R.D. [Oak Ridge National Lab., TN (United States); Keswa, C.M.; Osseo-Asare, K.; Spear, K.E. [Pennsylvania State Univ., University Park, PA (United States)

1998-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

29

Evaluation and validation of criticality codes for fuel dissolver calculations  

SciTech Connect

During the past ten years an OECD/NEA Criticality Working Group has examined the validity of criticality safety computational methods. International calculation tools which were shown to be valid in systems for which experimental data existed were demonstrated to be inadequate when extrapolated to fuel dissolver media. The spread of the results in the international calculation amounted to {plus minus} 12,000 pcm in the realistic fuel dissolver exercise n{degrees} 19 proposed by BNFL, and to {plus minus} 25,000 pcm in the benchmark n{degrees} 20 in which fissile material in solid form is surrounded by fissile material in solution. A theoretical study of the main physical parameters involved in fuel dissolution calculations was performed, i.e. range of moderation, variation of pellet size and the fuel double heterogeneity effect. The APOLLO/P{sub IC} method developed to treat latter effect, permits us to supply the actual reactivity variation with pellet dissolution and to propose international reference values. The disagreement among contributors' calculations was analyzed through a neutron balance breakdown, based on three-group microscopic reaction rates solicited from the participants. The results pointed out that fast and resonance nuclear data in criticality codes are not sufficiently reliable. Moreover the neutron balance analysis emphasized the inadequacy of the standard self-shielding formalism (NITAWL in the international SCALE package) to account for {sup 238}U resonance mutual self-shielding in the pellet-fissile liquor interaction. Improvements in the up-dated 1990 contributions, as do recent complementary reference calculations (MCNP, VIM, ultrafine slowing-down CGM calculation), confirm the need to use rigorous self-shielding methods in criticality design-oriented codes. 6 refs., 11 figs., 3 tabs.

Santamarina, A.; Smith, H.J. (CEA Centre d'Etudes Nucleaires de Cadarache, 13 - Saint-Paul-lez-Durance (France)); Whitesides, G.E. (Oak Ridge National Lab., TN (United States))

1991-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

30

A method for measuring dissolved gases in pore waters  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Sep 5, 1973 ... Pore water intended for dissolved gas analysis is .... solubility values for 35gc, 21

2000-01-02T23:59:59.000Z

31

IMPROVEMENTS IN MODELLING DISSOLVED OXYGEN IN ACTIVATED SLUDGE SYSTEMS  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

1 IMPROVEMENTS IN MODELLING DISSOLVED OXYGEN IN ACTIVATED SLUDGE SYSTEMS Jacek Makinia*, Scott A in a full-scale activated sludge reactor. The Activated Sludge Model No. 1 was used to describe for dissolved oxygen. KEYWORDS Activated sludge; dispersion; dissolved oxygen dynamics; mass transfer

Wells, Scott A.

32

Photochemical and microbial degradation of dissolved lignin phenols: Implications for the fate of terrigenous dissolved organic matter in  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Photochemical and microbial degradation of dissolved lignin phenols: Implications for the fate level characterizations of dissolved lignin were conducted in Mississippi River plume waters to study degradation were the primary factors affecting lignin concentrations. At salinities >25 psu, photooxidation

Hernes, Peter J.

33

DISSOLVED CONCENTRATION LIMITS OF RADIOACTIVE ELEMENTS  

SciTech Connect

The purpose of this study is to evaluate dissolved concentration limits (also referred to as solubility limits) of elements with radioactive isotopes under probable repository conditions, based on geochemical modeling calculations using geochemical modeling tools, thermodynamic databases, field measurements, and laboratory experiments. The scope of this modeling activity is to predict dissolved concentrations or solubility limits for 14 elements with radioactive isotopes (actinium, americium, carbon, cesium, iodine, lead, neptunium, plutonium, protactinium, radium, strontium, technetium, thorium, and uranium) important to calculated dose. Model outputs for uranium, plutonium, neptunium, thorium, americium, and protactinium are in the form of tabulated functions with pH and log (line integral) CO{sub 2} as independent variables, plus one or more uncertainty terms. The solubility limits for the remaining elements are either in the form of distributions or single values. The output data from this report are fundamental inputs for Total System Performance Assessment for the License Application (TSPA-LA) to determine the estimated release of these elements from waste packages and the engineered barrier system. Consistent modeling approaches and environmental conditions were used to develop solubility models for all of the actinides. These models cover broad ranges of environmental conditions so that they are applicable to both waste packages and the invert. Uncertainties from thermodynamic data, water chemistry, temperature variation, and activity coefficients have been quantified or otherwise addressed.

NA

2004-11-22T23:59:59.000Z

34

Unsteady-state material balance model for a continuous rotary dissolver  

SciTech Connect

The unsteady-state continuous rotary dissolver material balance code (USSCRD) is a useful tool with which to study the performance of the rotary dissolver under a wide variety of operating conditions. The code does stepwise continuous material balance calculations around each dissolver stage and the digester tanks. Output from the code consists of plots and tabular information on the stagewise concentration profiles of UO{sub 2}, PuO{sub 2}, fission products, Pu(NO{sub 3}){sub 4}, UO{sub 2}(NO{sub 3}){sub 2}, fission product nitrates, HNO{sub 3}, H{sub 2}O, stainless steel, total particulate, and total fuel in pins. Other information about material transfers, stagewise liquid volume, material inventory, and dissolution performance is also provided. This report describes the development of the code, its limitations, key operating parameters, usage procedures, and the results of the analysis of several sets of operating conditions. Of primary importance in this work was the estimation of the steady-state heavy metal inventory in a 0.5-t/d dissolver drum. Values ranging from {similar_to}12 to >150 kg of U + Pu were obtained for a variety of operating conditions. Realistically, inventories are expected to be near the lower end of this range. Study of the variation of operating parameters showed significant effects on dissolver product composition from intermittent solids feed. Other observations indicated that the cycle times for the digesters and shear feed should be closely coupled in order to avoid potential problems with off-specification product. 19 references, 14 tables.

Lewis, B.E.

1984-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

35

EMSL - solids  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

solids en Iodine Solubility in Low-Activity Waste Borosilicate Glass at 1000 C. http:www.emsl.pnl.govemslwebpublicationsiodine-solubility-low-activity-waste-borosilicate-...

36

Quantification of the Interaction of Tc with Dissolved Boom Clay Humic Substances  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

To elucidate the Tc geochemical behavior in reducing environments relevant to geological disposal and in the presence of humic substances (HS), experiments were set up that resulted for the first time in the determination of an interaction constant for Tc with dissolved humic substances. ... A number of lab-scale Boom Clay (a possible geological underground High-Level Radioactive Waste storage site in Mol, Belgium) batch experiments were set up, combining both different initial Tc(VII) concentrations and different solid/liquid ratios. ... Appendix:? Reactions and Stability Constants for Tc in a Reducing Environment ...

A. Maes; C. Bruggeman; K. Geraedts; J. Vancluysen

2003-01-18T23:59:59.000Z

37

,"Colorado Associated-Dissolved Natural Gas, Wet After Lease...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Name","Description"," Of Series","Frequency","Latest Data for" ,"Data 1","Colorado Associated-Dissolved Natural Gas, Wet After Lease Separation, Proved Reserves...

38

On dissolved phosphorus in the Gulf of Mexico  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

: Oceanography ON DISSOLVED PHOSPHOHUS IN THE GULF OF I~1~XICO A Tbesls by DAVID JOHN liRIGHT Approved as to style and content by: l && ~ ~Ohs ' ~f'". . r ead of epact tmen rN 1 tv&ay 1970 ABSTRACT On Dissolved Phosphorus 1n the Gulf of Nexico. (Nay... 1970) David J. Wright, B. S. , Oregon State University; D1rected by: Dr. Lela N. Jeffrey Dissolved phosphorus (P) in the mid-Gulf of Nexico water column during November ranged from 6. l to 79 micro- grams Pjl. In mid-Gulf dissolved inorganic...

Wright, David John

1970-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

39

New Mexico Associated-Dissolved Natural Gas, Reserves in Nonproducing...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Reserves in Nonproducing Reservoirs, Wet (Billion Cubic Feet) New Mexico Associated-Dissolved Natural Gas, Reserves in Nonproducing Reservoirs, Wet (Billion Cubic Feet) Decade...

40

,"New Mexico Associated-Dissolved Natural Gas Proved Reserves...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Name","Description"," Of Series","Frequency","Latest Data for" ,"Data 1","New Mexico Associated-Dissolved Natural Gas Proved Reserves, Wet After Lease...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "dissolved solids tds" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


41

,"New York Associated-Dissolved Natural Gas, Wet After Lease...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Name","Description"," Of Series","Frequency","Latest Data for" ,"Data 1","New York Associated-Dissolved Natural Gas, Wet After Lease Separation, Proved Reserves (Billion...

42

,"California State Offshore Associated-Dissolved Natural Gas...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Of Series","Frequency","Latest Data for" ,"Data 1","California State Offshore Associated-Dissolved Natural Gas, Wet After Lease Separation, Proved Reserves...

43

Texas State Offshore Associated-Dissolved Natural Gas, Wet After...  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Gas, Wet After Lease Separation, Proved Reserves (Billion Cubic Feet) Texas State Offshore Associated-Dissolved Natural Gas, Wet After Lease Separation, Proved Reserves...

44

,"California Federal Offshore Associated-Dissolved Natural Gas...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Of Series","Frequency","Latest Data for" ,"Data 1","California Federal Offshore Associated-Dissolved Natural Gas, Wet After Lease Separation, Proved Reserves...

45

,"Louisiana State Offshore Associated-Dissolved Natural Gas,...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Of Series","Frequency","Latest Data for" ,"Data 1","Louisiana State Offshore Associated-Dissolved Natural Gas, Wet After Lease Separation, Proved Reserves...

46

,"Texas State Offshore Associated-Dissolved Natural Gas, Wet...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

ame","Description"," Of Series","Frequency","Latest Data for" ,"Data 1","Texas State Offshore Associated-Dissolved Natural Gas, Wet After Lease Separation, Proved Reserves...

47

,"Federal Offshore California Associated-Dissolved Natural Gas...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Of Series","Frequency","Latest Data for" ,"Data 1","Federal Offshore California Associated-Dissolved Natural Gas Proved Reserves, Wet After Lease...

48

,"California Associated-Dissolved Natural Gas Proved Reserves...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Name","Description"," Of Series","Frequency","Latest Data for" ,"Data 1","California Associated-Dissolved Natural Gas Proved Reserves, Wet After Lease...

49

Dissolved Organic Carbon Thresholds Affect Mercury Bioaccumulation in Arctic Lakes  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Barkay, T.; Gillman, M.; Turner, R. R.Effects of dissolved organic carbon and salinity on bioavailability of mercury Appl. ... Barkay, Tamar; Gillman, Mark; Turner, Ralph R. ...

Todd D. French; Adam J. Houben; Jean-Pierre W. Desforges; Linda E. Kimpe; Steven V. Kokelj; Alexandre J. Poulain; John P. Smol; Xiaowa Wang; Jules M. Blais

2014-02-13T23:59:59.000Z

50

,"New York Associated-Dissolved Natural Gas Proved Reserves,...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Name","Description"," Of Series","Frequency","Latest Data for" ,"Data 1","New York Associated-Dissolved Natural Gas Proved Reserves, Wet After Lease Separation",10,"Annua...

51

Variations in dissolved gas compositions of reservoir fluids...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

A. E.; Copp, J. F. . 111991. Variations in dissolved gas compositions of reservoir fluids from the Coso geothermal field. Proceedings of () ; () : Sixteenth workshop on...

52

Dissolved organic matter in Chesapeake Bay sediment pore waters  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Dissolved organic matter in Chesapeake Bay sediment pore waters David J. Burdige * Department of recent studies of dissolved organic matter (DOM) in Chesapeake Bay sediment pore waters are summar- ized water DOM. This analysis shows that much of the DOM accumulating in sediment pore waters appears

Burdige, David

53

Constraining oceanic dust deposition using surface ocean dissolved Al  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Constraining oceanic dust deposition using surface ocean dissolved Al Qin Han,1 J. Keith Moore,1; accepted 7 December 2007; published 12 April 2008. [1] We use measurements of ocean surface dissolved Al (DEAD) model to constrain dust deposition to the oceans. Our Al database contains all available

Zender, Charles

54

Alabama Associated-Dissolved Natural Gas, Wet After Lease Separation,  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Associated-Dissolved Natural Gas, Wet After Lease Separation, Proved Reserves (Billion Cubic Feet) Associated-Dissolved Natural Gas, Wet After Lease Separation, Proved Reserves (Billion Cubic Feet) Alabama Associated-Dissolved Natural Gas, Wet After Lease Separation, Proved Reserves (Billion Cubic Feet) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8 Year-9 1970's 13 1980's 23 25 1990's 25 23 30 46 56 44 38 30 28 27 2000's 29 26 31 32 32 29 18 20 19 29 2010's 38 48 - = No Data Reported; -- = Not Applicable; NA = Not Available; W = Withheld to avoid disclosure of individual company data. Release Date: 8/1/2013 Next Release Date: 8/1/2014 Referring Pages: Associated-Dissolved Natural Gas Proved Reserves, Wet After Lease Separation, as of Dec. 31 Alabama Associated-Dissolved Natural Gas Proved Reserves, Wet After

55

Kinetic control of dissolved phosphate in natural rivers - American ...  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

gas adsorption onto solid surfaces. Since the process of solution P exchange with solids ...... OVIATT, AND S. S. HALE. 1980. Phosphorus re- generation and the...

2000-03-03T23:59:59.000Z

56

California Federal Offshore Associated-Dissolved Natural Gas, Wet After  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Associated-Dissolved Natural Gas, Wet After Lease Separation, Proved Reserves (Billion Cubic Feet) Associated-Dissolved Natural Gas, Wet After Lease Separation, Proved Reserves (Billion Cubic Feet) California Federal Offshore Associated-Dissolved Natural Gas, Wet After Lease Separation, Proved Reserves (Billion Cubic Feet) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8 Year-9 1970's 249 1980's 307 1,110 1,249 1,312 1,252 1990's 1,229 995 987 976 1,077 1,195 1,151 498 437 488 2000's 500 490 459 456 412 776 756 752 702 731 2010's 722 711 - = No Data Reported; -- = Not Applicable; NA = Not Available; W = Withheld to avoid disclosure of individual company data. Release Date: 8/1/2013 Next Release Date: 8/1/2014 Referring Pages: Associated-Dissolved Natural Gas Proved Reserves, Wet After Lease

57

Michigan Associated-Dissolved Natural Gas, Wet After Lease Separation,  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Associated-Dissolved Natural Gas, Wet After Lease Separation, Proved Reserves (Billion Cubic Feet) Associated-Dissolved Natural Gas, Wet After Lease Separation, Proved Reserves (Billion Cubic Feet) Michigan Associated-Dissolved Natural Gas, Wet After Lease Separation, Proved Reserves (Billion Cubic Feet) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8 Year-9 1970's 733 1980's 883 758 719 824 774 689 577 569 491 432 1990's 408 437 352 328 357 326 347 281 228 227 2000's 214 159 214 269 193 153 192 179 148 77 2010's 72 77 - = No Data Reported; -- = Not Applicable; NA = Not Available; W = Withheld to avoid disclosure of individual company data. Release Date: 8/1/2013 Next Release Date: 8/1/2014 Referring Pages: Associated-Dissolved Natural Gas Proved Reserves, Wet After Lease Separation, as of Dec. 31

58

Miscellaneous States Associated-Dissolved Natural Gas, Wet After Lease  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Associated-Dissolved Natural Gas, Wet After Lease Separation, Proved Reserves (Billion Cubic Feet) Associated-Dissolved Natural Gas, Wet After Lease Separation, Proved Reserves (Billion Cubic Feet) Miscellaneous States Associated-Dissolved Natural Gas, Wet After Lease Separation, Proved Reserves (Billion Cubic Feet) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8 Year-9 1970's 14 1980's 34 12 27 31 14 25 41 13 28 39 1990's 22 14 11 9 11 32 28 31 17 54 2000's 19 19 20 14 12 14 19 15 9 78 2010's 10 104 - = No Data Reported; -- = Not Applicable; NA = Not Available; W = Withheld to avoid disclosure of individual company data. Release Date: 8/1/2013 Next Release Date: 8/1/2014 Referring Pages: Associated-Dissolved Natural Gas Proved Reserves, Wet After Lease Separation, as of Dec. 31

59

Wyoming Associated-Dissolved Natural Gas, Wet After Lease Separation,  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Associated-Dissolved Natural Gas, Wet After Lease Separation, Proved Reserves (Billion Cubic Feet) Associated-Dissolved Natural Gas, Wet After Lease Separation, Proved Reserves (Billion Cubic Feet) Wyoming Associated-Dissolved Natural Gas, Wet After Lease Separation, Proved Reserves (Billion Cubic Feet) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8 Year-9 1970's 1,038 1980's 1,374 1,228 1,060 959 867 710 691 691 616 581 1990's 573 572 624 502 611 879 824 850 794 713 2000's 652 488 561 450 362 384 347 365 223 362 2010's 334 318 - = No Data Reported; -- = Not Applicable; NA = Not Available; W = Withheld to avoid disclosure of individual company data. Release Date: 8/1/2013 Next Release Date: 8/1/2014 Referring Pages: Associated-Dissolved Natural Gas Proved Reserves, Wet After Lease

60

Arkansas Associated-Dissolved Natural Gas, Wet After Lease Separation,  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Associated-Dissolved Natural Gas, Wet After Lease Separation, Proved Reserves (Billion Cubic Feet) Associated-Dissolved Natural Gas, Wet After Lease Separation, Proved Reserves (Billion Cubic Feet) Arkansas Associated-Dissolved Natural Gas, Wet After Lease Separation, Proved Reserves (Billion Cubic Feet) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8 Year-9 1970's 166 1980's 194 184 174 194 189 157 150 145 157 145 1990's 67 136 133 93 85 104 89 56 38 41 2000's 39 30 38 37 40 46 44 37 12 20 2010's 29 46 - = No Data Reported; -- = Not Applicable; NA = Not Available; W = Withheld to avoid disclosure of individual company data. Release Date: 8/1/2013 Next Release Date: 8/1/2014 Referring Pages: Associated-Dissolved Natural Gas Proved Reserves, Wet After Lease Separation, as of Dec. 31

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "dissolved solids tds" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


61

California - Coastal Region Onshore Associated-Dissolved Natural Gas, Wet  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Associated-Dissolved Natural Gas, Wet After Lease Separation, Proved Reserves (Billion Cubic Feet) Associated-Dissolved Natural Gas, Wet After Lease Separation, Proved Reserves (Billion Cubic Feet) California - Coastal Region Onshore Associated-Dissolved Natural Gas, Wet After Lease Separation, Proved Reserves (Billion Cubic Feet) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8 Year-9 1970's 307 1980's 265 265 325 344 256 254 261 243 220 233 1990's 228 220 196 135 145 109 120 129 116 233 2000's 244 185 197 173 188 269 208 211 150 168 2010's 178 172 - = No Data Reported; -- = Not Applicable; NA = Not Available; W = Withheld to avoid disclosure of individual company data. Release Date: 8/1/2013 Next Release Date: 8/1/2014 Referring Pages: Associated-Dissolved Natural Gas Proved Reserves, Wet After Lease

62

Montana Associated-Dissolved Natural Gas, Wet After Lease Separation,  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Associated-Dissolved Natural Gas, Wet After Lease Separation, Proved Reserves (Billion Cubic Feet) Associated-Dissolved Natural Gas, Wet After Lease Separation, Proved Reserves (Billion Cubic Feet) Montana Associated-Dissolved Natural Gas, Wet After Lease Separation, Proved Reserves (Billion Cubic Feet) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8 Year-9 1970's 51 1980's 122 89 81 108 77 91 98 97 101 68 1990's 86 66 61 53 55 53 51 42 52 67 2000's 70 85 94 112 130 161 195 219 197 312 2010's 302 270 - = No Data Reported; -- = Not Applicable; NA = Not Available; W = Withheld to avoid disclosure of individual company data. Release Date: 8/1/2013 Next Release Date: 8/1/2014 Referring Pages: Associated-Dissolved Natural Gas Proved Reserves, Wet After Lease Separation, as of Dec. 31

63

Louisiana - North Associated-Dissolved Natural Gas, Wet After Lease  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Associated-Dissolved Natural Gas, Wet After Lease Separation, Proved Reserves (Billion Cubic Feet) Associated-Dissolved Natural Gas, Wet After Lease Separation, Proved Reserves (Billion Cubic Feet) Louisiana - North Associated-Dissolved Natural Gas, Wet After Lease Separation, Proved Reserves (Billion Cubic Feet) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8 Year-9 1970's 765 1980's 916 1,040 832 775 690 632 567 488 249 237 1990's 241 192 160 120 134 133 255 287 183 260 2000's 186 168 159 139 107 98 90 73 78 53 2010's 73 98 - = No Data Reported; -- = Not Applicable; NA = Not Available; W = Withheld to avoid disclosure of individual company data. Release Date: 8/1/2013 Next Release Date: 8/1/2014 Referring Pages: Associated-Dissolved Natural Gas Proved Reserves, Wet After Lease

64

Dissolved gaseous mercury behavior in shallow water estuaries  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The formation of dissolved gaseous mercury (DGM) can be an important pathway for mercury removal from an aquatic environment. DGM evasional fluxes from an aquatic system can account for up to 95% of atmospheric Hg and its deposition pathways. While...

Landin, Charles Melchor

2009-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

65

Microbial production and consumption of marine dissolved organic matter  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Marine phytoplankton are the principal producers of oceanic dissolved organic matter (DOM), the organic substrate responsible for secondary production by heterotrophic microbes in the sea. Despite the importance of DOM in ...

Becker, Jamie William

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

66

Dissolved Organic Matter Kinetically Controls Mercury Bioavailability to Bacteria  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Predicting the bioavailability of inorganic mercury (Hg) to bacteria that produce the potent bioaccumulative neurotoxin monomethylmercury remains one of the greatest challenges in predicting the environmental fate and transport of Hg. Dissolved organic ...

Sophie A. Chiasson-Gould; Jules M. Blais; Alexandre J. Poulain

2014-02-13T23:59:59.000Z

67

Measurements of dissolved nonmethane hydrocarbons in sea water  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

An automated stripping technique for the measurement of dissolved hydrocarbons in sea water is presented together with some results obtained ... cruise from Europe to Brazil. The sea water concentrations of NMHC ...

C. Plass; R. Koppmann; J. Rudolph

68

California - Los Angeles Basin Onshore Associated-Dissolved Natural Gas,  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Associated-Dissolved Natural Gas, Wet After Lease Separation, Proved Reserves (Billion Cubic Feet) Associated-Dissolved Natural Gas, Wet After Lease Separation, Proved Reserves (Billion Cubic Feet) California - Los Angeles Basin Onshore Associated-Dissolved Natural Gas, Wet After Lease Separation, Proved Reserves (Billion Cubic Feet) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8 Year-9 1970's 175 1980's 207 162 103 114 162 185 149 155 158 141 1990's 110 120 100 108 108 115 112 143 153 174 2000's 203 194 218 196 184 186 161 154 81 91 2010's 92 102 - = No Data Reported; -- = Not Applicable; NA = Not Available; W = Withheld to avoid disclosure of individual company data. Release Date: 8/1/2013 Next Release Date: 8/1/2014 Referring Pages: Associated-Dissolved Natural Gas Proved Reserves, Wet After Lease

69

Dissolved gaseous mercury behavior in shallow water estuaries  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

DISSOLVED GASEOUS MERCURY BEHAVIOR IN SHALLOW WATER ESTUARIES A Thesis by CHARLES MELCHOR LANDIN Submitted to the Office of Graduate Studies of Texas A&M University in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree... of MASTER OF SCIENCE December 2007 Major Subject: Oceanography DISSOLVED GASEOUS MERCURY BEHAVIOR IN SHALLOW WATER ESTUARIES A Thesis by CHARLES MELCHOR LANDIN Submitted to the Office of Graduate Studies of Texas A...

Landin, Charles Melchor

2008-10-10T23:59:59.000Z

70

Isolation and Quantification of Dissolved Lignin from Natural Waters Using Solid-Phase Extraction  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

) in preparation for CuO oxidation. Capillary GC coupled to selected-ion monitoring mass spectrometry (SIM and quantification of trace levels of lignin in seawater. The low blanks and quick cleanup of C18 cartridges support and diagenetic state of vascular plant material9-11 and thus "fingerprint" riverine DOM. Such "fingerprinting

Louchouarn, Patrick

71

Evaluation of Membrane Processes for Reducing Total Dissolved Solids Discharged to the Truckee River  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

for endangered species. Reverse osmosis RO and nanofiltration NF , in conjunction with ultrafiltration UF also have to be removed from the effluent in order to maintain their TMDLs. Reverse osmosis RO

72

Dissolved Oxygen in Allen CreekDissolved Oxygen in Allen Creek Dissolved oxygen (DO) enters the water by diffusion from air, as a by-product of photosynthesis and  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Dissolved Oxygen in Allen CreekDissolved Oxygen in Allen Creek Dissolved oxygen (DO) enters and rapids. There is an inverse relationship between temperature and DO, i.e. colder water holds more oxygen it supplies oxygen to aquatic organisms. Higher DO levels also give the water a better taste. Figure 2. During

Tyler, Christy

73

Kentucky Associated-Dissolved Natural Gas, Wet After Lease Separation,  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Associated-Dissolved Natural Gas, Wet After Lease Separation, Proved Reserves (Billion Cubic Feet) Associated-Dissolved Natural Gas, Wet After Lease Separation, Proved Reserves (Billion Cubic Feet) Kentucky Associated-Dissolved Natural Gas, Wet After Lease Separation, Proved Reserves (Billion Cubic Feet) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8 Year-9 1970's 2 1980's 11 14 12 19 17 13 17 19 19 22 1990's 8 10 8 6 47 27 24 26 20 29 2000's 27 25 25 25 19 30 36 34 34 32 2010's 111 98 - = No Data Reported; -- = Not Applicable; NA = Not Available; W = Withheld to avoid disclosure of individual company data. Release Date: 8/1/2013 Next Release Date: 8/1/2014 Referring Pages: Associated-Dissolved Natural Gas Proved Reserves, Wet After Lease Separation, as of Dec. 31 Kentucky Associated-Dissolved Natural Gas Proved Reserves, Wet After

74

Florida Associated-Dissolved Natural Gas, Wet After Lease Separation,  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Associated-Dissolved Natural Gas, Wet After Lease Separation, Proved Reserves (Billion Cubic Feet) Associated-Dissolved Natural Gas, Wet After Lease Separation, Proved Reserves (Billion Cubic Feet) Florida Associated-Dissolved Natural Gas, Wet After Lease Separation, Proved Reserves (Billion Cubic Feet) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8 Year-9 1970's 108 1980's 122 99 86 64 90 81 69 62 69 57 1990's 53 45 55 59 117 110 119 112 106 100 2000's 93 96 102 92 88 87 50 110 1 7 2010's 30 2 - = No Data Reported; -- = Not Applicable; NA = Not Available; W = Withheld to avoid disclosure of individual company data. Release Date: 8/1/2013 Next Release Date: 8/1/2014 Referring Pages: Associated-Dissolved Natural Gas Proved Reserves, Wet After Lease Separation, as of Dec. 31 Florida Associated-Dissolved Natural Gas Proved Reserves, Wet After

75

Colorado Associated-Dissolved Natural Gas, Wet After Lease Separation,  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Associated-Dissolved Natural Gas, Wet After Lease Separation, Proved Reserves (Billion Cubic Feet) Associated-Dissolved Natural Gas, Wet After Lease Separation, Proved Reserves (Billion Cubic Feet) Colorado Associated-Dissolved Natural Gas, Wet After Lease Separation, Proved Reserves (Billion Cubic Feet) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8 Year-9 1970's 181 1980's 200 259 206 173 208 167 190 219 177 236 1990's 510 682 762 1,162 1,088 1,072 1,055 533 772 781 2000's 960 1,025 1,097 1,186 1,293 1,326 1,541 1,838 2,010 1,882 2010's 2,371 2,518 - = No Data Reported; -- = Not Applicable; NA = Not Available; W = Withheld to avoid disclosure of individual company data. Release Date: 8/1/2013 Next Release Date: 8/1/2014 Referring Pages: Associated-Dissolved Natural Gas Proved Reserves, Wet After Lease

76

California Associated-Dissolved Natural Gas, Wet After Lease Separation,  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Associated-Dissolved Natural Gas, Wet After Lease Separation, Proved Reserves (Billion Cubic Feet) Associated-Dissolved Natural Gas, Wet After Lease Separation, Proved Reserves (Billion Cubic Feet) California Associated-Dissolved Natural Gas, Wet After Lease Separation, Proved Reserves (Billion Cubic Feet) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8 Year-9 1970's 2,961 1980's 3,345 2,660 2,663 2,546 2,507 1990's 2,400 2,213 2,093 1,982 1,698 1,619 1,583 1,820 1,879 2,150 2000's 2,198 1,922 1,900 1,810 2,006 2,585 2,155 2,193 1,917 2,314 2010's 2,282 2,532 - = No Data Reported; -- = Not Applicable; NA = Not Available; W = Withheld to avoid disclosure of individual company data. Release Date: 8/1/2013 Next Release Date: 8/1/2014 Referring Pages: Associated-Dissolved Natural Gas Proved Reserves, Wet After Lease

77

Free Zinc Ion and Dissolved Orthophosphate Effects on  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

historic heavy-metal mining and smelting areas. The lake transitions longitudinally from mesotrophic toxic response by phytoplankton and higher- trophic-level organisms due to elevated dissolved-metal of nutrients, toxicants, and sediment from two major riverine inputs; the St. Joe River from the south

78

Louisiana Associated-Dissolved Natural Gas, Wet After Lease Separation,  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Associated-Dissolved Natural Gas, Wet After Lease Separation, Proved Reserves (Billion Cubic Feet) Associated-Dissolved Natural Gas, Wet After Lease Separation, Proved Reserves (Billion Cubic Feet) Louisiana Associated-Dissolved Natural Gas, Wet After Lease Separation, Proved Reserves (Billion Cubic Feet) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8 Year-9 1980's 3,360 2,391 2,128 1,794 1,741 1990's 1,554 1,394 1,167 926 980 1,001 1,039 1,016 911 979 2000's 807 796 670 586 557 588 561 641 1,235 1,072 2010's 679 639 - = No Data Reported; -- = Not Applicable; NA = Not Available; W = Withheld to avoid disclosure of individual company data. Release Date: 8/1/2013 Next Release Date: 8/1/2014 Referring Pages: Associated-Dissolved Natural Gas Proved Reserves, Wet After Lease Separation, as of Dec. 31

79

SolidSolid Interactions on Active Adsorbents  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

... on the different grades of alumina provide a measure of the relative activities of such adsorbents. When the solid-solid adsorption processes were essentially complete, the absorbance maxima were virtually ...

PHILIP ANTHONY; HARRY ZEITLIN

1960-09-10T23:59:59.000Z

80

How Dissolved Metal Ions Interact in Solution | Advanced Photon Source  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

One Giant Leap for Radiation Biology? One Giant Leap for Radiation Biology? What's in the Cage Matters in Iron Antimonide Thermoelectric Materials Novel Experiments on Cement Yield Concrete Results Watching a Glycine Riboswitch "Switch" Polyamorphism in a Metallic Glass Science Highlights Archives: 2013 | 2012 | 2011 | 2010 2009 | 2008 | 2007 | 2006 2005 | 2004 | 2003 | 2002 2001 | 2000 | 1998 | Subscribe to APS Science Highlights rss feed How Dissolved Metal Ions Interact in Solution MAY 2, 2007 Bookmark and Share Researchers at the Department of Energy's Argonne National Laboratory and the University of Notre Dame have successfully applied X-ray scattering techniques to determine how dissolved metal ions interact in solution. Researchers from the U.S. Department of Energy's Argonne National

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "dissolved solids tds" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


81

California - San Joaquin Basin Onshore Associated-Dissolved Natural Gas,  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Associated-Dissolved Natural Gas, Wet After Lease Separation, Proved Reserves (Billion Cubic Feet) Associated-Dissolved Natural Gas, Wet After Lease Separation, Proved Reserves (Billion Cubic Feet) California - San Joaquin Basin Onshore Associated-Dissolved Natural Gas, Wet After Lease Separation, Proved Reserves (Billion Cubic Feet) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8 Year-9 1970's 2,253 1980's 2,713 2,664 2,465 2,408 2,270 2,074 2,006 2,033 1,947 1,927 1990's 1,874 1,818 1,738 1,676 1,386 1,339 1,304 1,494 1,571 1,685 2000's 1,665 1,463 1,400 1,365 1,549 2,041 1,701 1,749 1,632 2,002 2010's 1,949 2,179 - = No Data Reported; -- = Not Applicable; NA = Not Available; W = Withheld to avoid disclosure of individual company data. Release Date: 8/1/2013 Next Release Date: 8/1/2014

82

Rapid extraction of dissolved inorganic carbon from seawater and groundwater samples for radiocarbon dating  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The focus of this thesis is the design and development of a system for rapid extraction of dissolved inorganic carbon from seawater and groundwater samples for radiocarbon dating. The Rapid Extraction of Dissolved Inorganic ...

Gospodinova, Kalina Doneva

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

83

Vapour nucleation in a cryogenicfluiddissolvednitrogen mixture during rapid depressurization  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...the dissolved nitrogen comes out of the...effect of dissolved nitrogen was not addressed...non-condensable gas (nitrogen) in a cryogenic...g. superheated water or pure refrigerants...to estimate the solubility of nitrogen in...

1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

84

Mobilization of optically invisible dissolved organic matter in response to rainstorm events  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Mobilization of optically invisible dissolved organic matter in response to rainstorm events and includes optically invisible dissolved organic matter (iDOM) that accounts for a large proportion (4

Chappell, Nick A

85

SAMPLE RESULTS FROM MCU SOLIDS OUTAGE  

SciTech Connect

Savannah River National Laboratory (SRNL) has received several solid and liquid samples from MCU in an effort to understand and recover from the system outage starting on April 6, 2014. SRNL concludes that the presence of solids in the Salt Solution Feed Tank (SSFT) is the likely root cause for the outage, based upon the following discoveries ? A solids sample from the extraction contactor #1 proved to be mostly sodium oxalate ? A solids sample from the scrub contactor#1 proved to be mostly sodium oxalate ? A solids sample from the Salt Solution Feed Tank (SSFT) proved to be mostly sodium oxalate ? An archived sample from Tank 49H taken last year was shown to contain a fine precipitate of sodium oxalate ? A solids sample from the extraction contactor #1 drain pipe from extraction contactor#1 proved to be mostly sodium aluminosilicate ? A liquid sample from the SSFT was shown to have elevated levels of oxalate anion compared to the expected concentration in the feed Visual inspection of the SSFT indicated the presence of precipitated or transferred solids, which were likely also in the Salt Solution Receipt Tank (SSRT). The presence of the solids coupled with agitation performed to maintain feed temperature resulted in oxalate solids migration through the MCU system and caused hydraulic issues that resulted in unplanned phase carryover from the extraction into the scrub, and ultimately the strip contactors. Not only did this carryover result in the Strip Effluent (SE) being pushed out of waste acceptance specification, but it resulted in the deposition of solids into several of the contactors. At the same time, extensive deposits of aluminosilicates were found in the drain tube in the extraction contactor #1. However it is not known at this time how the aluminosilicate solids are related to the oxalate solids. The solids were successfully cleaned out of the MCU system. However, future consideration must be given to the exclusion of oxalate solids into the MCU system. There were 53 recommendations for improving operations recently identified. Some additional considerations or additional details are provided below as recommendations. ? From this point on, IC-Anions analyses of the DSSHT should be part of the monthly routine analysis in order to spot negative trends in the oxalate leaving the MCU system. Care must be taken to monitor the oxalate content to watch for sudden precipitation of oxalate salts in the system. ? Conduct a study to optimize the cleaning strategy at ARP-MCU through decreasing the concentration or entirely eliminating the oxalic acid. ? The contents of the SSFT should remain unagitated. Routine visual observation should be maintained to ensure there is not a large buildup of solids. As water with agitation provided sufficient removal of the solids in the feed tank, it should be considered as a good means for dissolving oxalate solids if they are found in the future. ? Conduct a study to improve prediction of oxalate solubility in salt batch feed materials. As titanium and mercury have been found in various solids in this report, evaluate if either element plays a role in oxalate solubility during processing. ? Salt batch characterization focuses primarily on characterization and testing of unaltered Tank 21H material; however, non-typical feeds are developed through cleaning, washing, and/or sump transfers. As these solutions are processed through MCU, they may precipitate solids or reduce performance. Salt batch characterization and testing should be expanded to encompass a broader range of feeds that may be processed through ARPMCU.

Peters, T.; Washington, A.; Oji, L.; Coleman, C.; Poirier, M.

2014-09-22T23:59:59.000Z

86

Dissolved Oxygen Sensing in a Flow Stream using Molybdenum Chloride Optical Indicators  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Dissolved Oxygen Sensing in a Flow Stream using Molybdenum Chloride Optical Indicators Reza Loloee1@msu.edu Abstract--Dissolved oxygen concentration is considered the most important water quality variable in fish culture. Reliable and continuous (24/7) oxygen monitoring of dissolved oxygen (DO) in the 1 ­ 11 mg

Ghosh, Ruby N.

87

Nonaqueous composition for slip casting or cold forming refractory material into solid shapes  

SciTech Connect

A composition is described for slip casting or cold forming non-oxide refractory material(s) into solid shape comprising finely divided solid refractory materials selected from the group consisting of metal boride, refractory carbide, nitride, silicide and a refractory metal of tungsten, molybdenum, tantalum and chromium suspended in a nonaqueous liquid slip composition consisting essentially of a deflocculent composed of a vinyl chloride-vinyl acetate resin dissolved in an organic solvent.

Montgomery, L.C.

1993-08-24T23:59:59.000Z

88

On the collision dynamics of a water droplet containing an additive on a heated solid surface  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...etry and the medium (liquid, gas, dispersion) through which...namely, rubber, iron and fine sand. An equation was developed...temperatures for water at We = 74. hydrate droplets, at 20 ms after impact...2001 The effect of dissolving gases or solids in water droplets...

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

89

Bead and Process for Removing Dissolved Metal Contaminants  

SciTech Connect

A bead is provided which comprises or consists essentially of activated carbon immobilized by crosslinked poly (carboxylic acid) binder, sodium silicate binder, or polyamine binder. The bead is effective to remove metal and other ionic contaminants from dilute aqueous solutions. A method of making metal-ion sorbing beads is provided, comprising combining activated carbon, and binder solution (preferably in a pin mixer where it is whipped), forming wet beads, and heating and drying the beads. The binder solution is preferably poly(acrylic acid) and glycerol dissolved in water and the wet beads formed from such binder solution are preferably heated and crosslinked in a convection oven.

Summers, Bobby L., Jr.; Bennett, Karen L.; Foster, Scott A.

2005-01-18T23:59:59.000Z

90

Solid-State Lighting: Solid-State Lighting  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Solid-State Lighting Search Solid-State Lighting Search Search Help Solid-State Lighting HOME ABOUT THE PROGRAM R&D PROJECTS MARKET-BASED PROGRAMS SSL BASICS INFORMATION RESOURCES FINANCIAL OPPORTUNITIES EERE » Building Technologies Office » Solid-State Lighting Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to Solid-State Lighting: Solid-State Lighting to someone by E-mail Share Solid-State Lighting: Solid-State Lighting on Facebook Tweet about Solid-State Lighting: Solid-State Lighting on Twitter Bookmark Solid-State Lighting: Solid-State Lighting on Google Bookmark Solid-State Lighting: Solid-State Lighting on Delicious Rank Solid-State Lighting: Solid-State Lighting on Digg Find More places to share Solid-State Lighting: Solid-State Lighting on AddThis.com... Pause/Resume Photo of a large room with people standing around poster boards.

91

Yucca Mountain Area Saturated Zone Dissolved Organic Carbon Isotopic Data  

SciTech Connect

Groundwater samples in the Yucca Mountain area were collected for chemical and isotopic analyses and measurements of water temperature, pH, specific conductivity, and alkalinity were obtained at the well or spring at the time of sampling. For this project, groundwater samples were analyzed for major-ion chemistry, deuterium, oxygen-18, and carbon isotopes of dissolved inorganic carbon (DIC) and dissolved organic carbon (DOC). The U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) performed all the fieldwork on this project including measurement of water chemistry field parameters and sample collection. The major ions dissolved in the groundwater, deuterium, oxygen-18, and carbon isotopes of dissolved inorganic carbon (DIC) were analyzed by the USGS. All preparation and processing of samples for DOC carbon isotopic analyses and geochemical modeling were performed by the Desert Research Institute (DRI). Analysis of the DOC carbon dioxide gas produced at DRI to obtain carbon-13 and carbon-14 values was conducted at the University of Arizona Accelerator Facility (a NSHE Yucca Mountain project QA qualified contract facility). The major-ion chemistry, deuterium, oxygen-18, and carbon isotopes of DIC were used in geochemical modeling (NETPATH) to determine groundwater sources, flow paths, mixing, and ages. The carbon isotopes of DOC were used to calculate groundwater ages that are independent of DIC model corrected carbon-14 ages. The DIC model corrected carbon-14 calculated ages were used to evaluate groundwater travel times for mixtures of water including water beneath Yucca Mountain. When possible, groundwater travel times were calculated for groundwater flow from beneath Yucca Mountain to down gradient sample sites. DOC carbon-14 groundwater ages were also calculated for groundwaters in the Yucca Mountain area. When possible, groundwater travel times were estimated for groundwater flow from beneath Yucca Mountain to down gradient groundwater sample sites using the DOC calculated groundwater ages. The DIC calculated groundwater ages were compared with DOC calculated groundwater ages and both of these ages were compared to travel times developed in ground-water flow and transport models. If nuclear waste is stored in Yucca Mountain, the saturated zone is the final barrier against the release of radionuclides to the environment. The most recent rendition of the TSPA takes little credit for the presence of the saturated zone and is a testament to the inadequate understanding of this important barrier. If radionuclides reach the saturated zone beneath Yucca Mountain, then there is a travel time before they would leave the Yucca Mountain area and flow down gradient to the Amargosa Valley area. Knowing how long it takes groundwater in the saturated zone to flow from beneath Yucca Mountain to down gradient areas is critical information for potential radionuclide transport. Radionuclide transport in groundwater may be the quickest pathway for radionuclides in the proposed Yucca Mountain repository to reach land surface by way of groundwater pumped in Amargosa Valley. An alternative approach to ground-water flow and transport models to determine the travel time of radionuclides from beneath Yucca Mountain to down gradient areas in the saturated zone is by carbon-14 dating of both inorganic and organic carbon dissolved in the groundwater. A standard method of determining ground-water ages is to measure the carbon-13 and carbon-14 of DIC in the groundwater and then correct the measured carbon-14 along a flow path for geochemical reactions that involve carbon containing phases. These geochemical reactions are constrained by carbon-13 and isotopic fractionations. Without correcting for geochemical reactions, the ground-water ages calculated from only the differences in carbon-14 measured along a flow path (assuming the decrease in carbon-14 is due strictly to radioactive decay) could be tens of thousands of years too old. The computer program NETPATH, developed by the USGS, is the best geochemical program for correcting carbon-14 activities for geochemical r

Thomas, James; Decker, David; Patterson, Gary; Peterman, Zell; Mihevc, Todd; Larsen, Jessica; Hershey, Ronald

2007-06-25T23:59:59.000Z

92

Leaching induced concentration profiles in the solid phase of cement  

SciTech Connect

Analysis of the solid phase of portland cement specimens by energy dispersive x-ray spectrometry before and after leaching provided elemental profiles within the cement. Releases of potassium were calculated from the solid phase profiles and were compared to releases determined from leachate analyses of potassium and cesium-137. The fraction of potassium released in the leachate was found to correlate closely to that of cesium-137 under varying time and temperature conditions, despite the different manner in which each was originally contained in the cement. Agreement was obtained among potassium releases as determined from the solid, potassium in the leachate and cesium-137 in the leachate. These correlations allowed the use of potassium as an analog for cesium-137 in cement. Profiles of potassium in the solid showed varying degrees of depletion. A specimen, sectioned immediately after leaching for 471 days, showed complete removal of potassium to 9 mm depth from the specimens surface. From 9 mm to the center of the specimen, an apparently linear increase in concentration was observed. Specimens that had been air dried prior to sectioning had profiles that were produced by evaporative transport of dissolved species toward the surface. Carbonation of the surface appears to have retarded migration of the dissolved material. This prevented it from reaching the outer edge and resulted in increased potassium concentrations several mm inside the surface. 9 refs., 10 figs., 2 tabs.

Fuhrmann, M.; Colombo, P.

1987-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

93

Solid Oxide Fuel Cells  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A Solid Oxide Fuel Cell (SOFC) is typically composed of two porous electrodes, interposed between an electrolyte made of a particular solid oxide ceramic material. The system originates from the work of Nernst...

Nigel M. Sammes; Roberto Bove; Jakub Pusz

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

94

Laser cooling of solids  

SciTech Connect

We present an overview of solid-state optical refrigeration also known as laser cooling in solids by fluorescence upconversion. The idea of cooling a solid-state optical material by simply shining a laser beam onto it may sound counter intuitive but is rapidly becoming a promising technology for future cryocooler. We chart the evolution of this science in rare-earth doped solids and semiconductors.

Epstein, Richard I [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Sheik-bahae, Mansoor [UNM

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

95

Improved solid aerosol generator  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

An improved solid aerosol generator used to produce a gas borne stream of dry, solid particles of predetermined size and concentration. The improved solid aerosol generator nebulizes a feed solution of known concentration with a flow of preheated gas and dries the resultant wet heated aerosol in a grounded, conical heating chamber, achieving high recovery and flow rates. 2 figs.

Prescott, D.S.; Schober, R.K.; Beller, J.

1988-07-19T23:59:59.000Z

96

Table EA-1. Stream-water dissolved Mn at basin outflow of perennial stream at Inspiration Dam illustrating decreases in dissolved Mn in response to remediation efforts. Dissolved Mn in  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

-Jul-98 2.8E-04 24-Nov-98 3.6E-04 11-Feb-99 1.2E-05 Remedial ground-water pumping begins 24-Mar-99 8.9E) and ground-water (GW) chemistry data for streambed sediment sampling sites. Dissolved concentrations in moleTable EA-1. Stream-water dissolved Mn at basin outflow of perennial stream at Inspiration Dam

97

Solid-State Lighting: Solid-State Lighting Videos  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Solid-State Lighting Videos to Solid-State Lighting Videos to someone by E-mail Share Solid-State Lighting: Solid-State Lighting Videos on Facebook Tweet about Solid-State Lighting: Solid-State Lighting Videos on Twitter Bookmark Solid-State Lighting: Solid-State Lighting Videos on Google Bookmark Solid-State Lighting: Solid-State Lighting Videos on Delicious Rank Solid-State Lighting: Solid-State Lighting Videos on Digg Find More places to share Solid-State Lighting: Solid-State Lighting Videos on AddThis.com... Conferences & Meetings Presentations Publications Webcasts Videos Tools Solid-State Lighting Videos On this page you can access DOE Solid-State Lighting (SSL) Program videos. Photo of a museum art gallery with LED lights in track fixtures overhead. The City of Los Angeles LED Streetlight Program

98

Solid-State Lighting: Solid-State Lighting Contacts  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

About the About the Program Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to Solid-State Lighting: Solid-State Lighting Contacts to someone by E-mail Share Solid-State Lighting: Solid-State Lighting Contacts on Facebook Tweet about Solid-State Lighting: Solid-State Lighting Contacts on Twitter Bookmark Solid-State Lighting: Solid-State Lighting Contacts on Google Bookmark Solid-State Lighting: Solid-State Lighting Contacts on Delicious Rank Solid-State Lighting: Solid-State Lighting Contacts on Digg Find More places to share Solid-State Lighting: Solid-State Lighting Contacts on AddThis.com... Contacts Partnerships Solid-State Lighting Contacts For information about Solid-State Lighting, contact James Brodrick Lighting Program Manager Building Technologies Office U.S. Department of Energy

99

Thermodynamic modeling for organic solid precipitation  

SciTech Connect

A generalized predictive model which is based on thermodynamic principle for solid-liquid phase equilibrium has been developed for organic solid precipitation. The model takes into account the effects of temperature, composition, and activity coefficient on the solubility of wax and asphaltenes in organic solutions. The solid-liquid equilibrium K-value is expressed as a function of the heat of melting, melting point temperature, solubility parameter, and the molar volume of each component in the solution. All these parameters have been correlated with molecular weight. Thus, the model can be applied to crude oil systems. The model has been tested with experimental data for wax formation and asphaltene precipitation. The predicted wax appearance temperature is very close to the measured temperature. The model not only can match the measured asphaltene solubility data but also can be used to predict the solubility of asphaltene in organic solvents or crude oils. The model assumes that asphaltenes are dissolved in oil in a true liquid state, not in colloidal suspension, and the precipitation-dissolution process is reversible by changing thermodynamic conditions. The model is thermodynamically consistent and has no ambiguous assumptions.

Chung, T.H.

1992-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

100

The influence of forestry activity on the structure of dissolved organic matter in lakes: Implications for mercury photoreactions  

SciTech Connect

It is well known that dissolved organic matter (DOM) increases in lakes associated with forestry activity but characterization of the DOM structure is incomplete. Twenty-three lakes with a wide range of forestry activities located in central Quebec, Canada were sampled and analyzed for dissolved organic carbon (DOC) concentration, DOC fluorescence, and ultra violet-visible (UV-VIS) absorption spectra. The results show that DOC increases (as does the associated DOC fluorescence) with increased logging (slope = 0.122, r{sup 2} = 0.581, p < 0.001; and slope = 0.283, r{sup 2} = 0.308, p < 0.01, respectively) in the 23 lakes sampled however, the aromaticity of the DOM does not change with changes in logging as found by UV-VIS ratios, absorbance slope in the UV region, and DOC normalized fluorescence (slope = 1.42 x 10{sup -2}, r{sup 2} = 0.331, p < 0.01). The DOM from four of these lakes was concentrated using reverse osmosis (RO) followed by freeze-drying. The structures of the concentrated dissolved organic matter (DOM) samples were analyzed using X-ray analysis of near edge structures (XANES), X-ray diffraction (XRD), and {sup 13}C solid-state nuclear magnetic resonance ({sup 13}C NMR) analysis. XANES analysis of functional groups in the four concentrated samples shows that there are significant differences in reduced sulphur between the samples, however there was no clear relationship with forestry activity in the associated catchment. XRD data showed the presence of amorphous sulphide minerals associated with the DOM concentrate that may be important sites for mercury binding. The {sup 13}C NMR spectra of these samples show that the percentage of carbon present in carboxylic functional groups increases with increasing logging. Such structures are important for binding photo-reducible mercury and their presence may limit mercury photo-reduction and volatilization. We propose a mechanism by which increased logging leads to increased carboxylic groups in DOM and thereby increased weak binding of photo-reducible mercury. These results, in part, explain the decrease in dissolved gaseous mercury (DGM) production rates with increased logging found in our previous work.

O'Driscoll, N.J.; Siciliano, S.D.; Peak, D.; Carignan, R.; Lean, D.R.S. (UDM); (Ottawa); (Saskatchewan)

2008-06-09T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "dissolved solids tds" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


101

Effect of raw material and Kraft Pulping Conditions on Characteristics of Dissolved Lignin.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

?? Lignin is one of the main components in wood and during the chemical pulping processes it is degraded and dissolved into the cooking liquor. (more)

Svrd, Antonia

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

102

Spatial and temporal variability of absorption by dissolved material at a continental shelf  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

. The storms were associated with sediment resuspension events and were accompanied by an increase during sediment resuspension events. 1. Introduction Colored dissolved organic material (CDOM) absorption

Boss, Emmanuel S.

103

,"U.S. Federal Offshore Associated-Dissolved Natural Gas, Wet...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Of Series","Frequency","Latest Data for" ,"Data 1","U.S. Federal Offshore Associated-Dissolved Natural Gas, Wet After Lease Separation, Proved Reserves...

104

Chlorine Decay and Disinfection By-product Formation of Dissolved Organic Carbon Fractions with Goethite.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Water from the raw water intake at Barberton, Ohio water treatment plant was collected on two separate dates and fractionated into operationally defined dissolved organic (more)

Wannamaker, Christopher L.

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

105

Effects of Photoirradiation on the Adsorption of Dissolved Organic Matter to Goethite.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??EFFECTS OF PHOTOIRRADIATION ON THE ADSORPTION OF DISSOLVED ORGANIC MATTER TO GEOTHITE Abstract by Christina Ann Progess Previous research has shown that intermediate and high (more)

Progess, Christina Ann

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

106

Long-term patterns of dissolved organic carbon in lakes across ...  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

... dynamics of dissolved organic carbon (DOC) in 55 lakes during ice-free periods in five regions across eastern Canada in relation to total solar radiation (

107

Subdue solids in towers  

SciTech Connect

Many distillation, absorption, and stripping columns operate with solids present in the system. The presence of solids may be either intentional or unintentional. But, in all cases, the solids must be handled or tolerated by the vapor/liquid mass-transfer equipment. Such solids should be dealt with by a combination of four methods. From most favorable to least favorable, these are: (1) keep the solids out; (2) keep the solids moving; (3) put the solids somewhere harmless; and (4) make it easier to clean the hardware. The key precept for all these approaches is the realization that solids present in a system just don't disappear. In this article, the authors review the techniques and design issues involved in making a vapor/liquid mass-transfer system operate with solids present. They assume that the solids cannot be kept out, eliminating the first choice. The type of mass-transfer service does not matter. The same principles apply equally well to distillation, adsorption, and stripping. They include equipment design criteria based on the methods outlined above, as well as detailed recommendations for each of the major equipment choices that can be made for mass-transfer devices. Then, they illustrate the approach via an example--a vinyl chloride monomer (VCM) unit having solids as an inherent part of its feed.

Sloley, A.W.; Martin, G.R.

1995-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

108

Solid-State Lighting: Solid-State Lighting Manufacturing Workshop  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Solid-State Lighting Solid-State Lighting Manufacturing Workshop to someone by E-mail Share Solid-State Lighting: Solid-State Lighting Manufacturing Workshop on Facebook Tweet about Solid-State Lighting: Solid-State Lighting Manufacturing Workshop on Twitter Bookmark Solid-State Lighting: Solid-State Lighting Manufacturing Workshop on Google Bookmark Solid-State Lighting: Solid-State Lighting Manufacturing Workshop on Delicious Rank Solid-State Lighting: Solid-State Lighting Manufacturing Workshop on Digg Find More places to share Solid-State Lighting: Solid-State Lighting Manufacturing Workshop on AddThis.com... Conferences & Meetings Past Conferences Presentations Publications Webcasts Videos Tools Solid-State Lighting Manufacturing Workshop Nearly 200 lighting industry leaders, chip makers, fixture and component

109

Aqueous alteration of municipal solid waste ash  

SciTech Connect

Municipal solid waste (MSW) ash is composed largely of amorphous oxides and approximately 20% minerals including halite, magnetite, hematite, quartz, gypsum, calcite, and rutile. It is also enriched in toxic trace metals by up to three orders of magnitude over average soil. The thermodynamic stabilities and rates of dissolution of the minerals and glasses in MSW ash will determine whether the ash is an environmental problem. The authors have used batch reactors at 20, 40, and 60 C over time periods up to 60 days to simulate longer reaction times for ash under cooler landfill conditions. Soluble salts are most quickly dissolved, giving solutions dominated by Ca[sup 2+], Na[sup +], K[sup +], SO[sub 2][sup 2[minus

Kirby, C.S.; Rimstidt, J.D. (Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State Univ., Blacksburg, VA (United States))

1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

110

Solid-State Lighting: Solid-State Lighting  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Lighting Lighting Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to Solid-State Lighting: Solid-State Lighting to someone by E-mail Share Solid-State Lighting: Solid-State Lighting on Facebook Tweet about Solid-State Lighting: Solid-State Lighting on Twitter Bookmark Solid-State Lighting: Solid-State Lighting on Google Bookmark Solid-State Lighting: Solid-State Lighting on Delicious Rank Solid-State Lighting: Solid-State Lighting on Digg Find More places to share Solid-State Lighting: Solid-State Lighting on AddThis.com... Pause/Resume Photo of a large room with people standing around poster boards. Register Now for DOE's 11th Annual SSL R&D Workshop January 28-30, join other SSL R&D professionals from industry, government, and academia to learn, share, and shape the future of lighting.

111

Dissolved Gas in the Snake and Columbia Rivers Modeled by CRiSP  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Dissolved Gas in the Snake and Columbia Rivers 1969-1984 Modeled by CRiSP Pamela Shaw Columbia Basin Research School of Fisheries, UW #12;Introduction These dissolved gas profiles for 1969-1984 were created using CRiSP and historic spill and flow data. In CRiSP the gas going into the tailwater

Washington at Seattle, University of

112

Flowsheet modifications for dissolution of sand, slag, and crucible residues in the F-canyon dissolvers  

SciTech Connect

An initial flowsheet for the dissolution of sand, slag, and crucible (SS{ampersand}C) was developed for the F- Canyon dissolvers as an alternative to dissolution in FB-Line. In that flowsheet, the sand fines were separated from the slag chunks and crucible fragments. Those two SS{ampersand}C streams were packaged separately in mild-steel cans for dissolution in the 6.4D dissolver. Nuclear safety constraints limited the dissolver charge to approximately 350 grams of plutonium in two of the three wells of the dissolver insert and required 0.23M (molar) boron as a soluble neutron poison in the 9.3M nitric acid/0.013M fluoride dissolver solution. During the first dissolution of SS{ampersand}C fines, it became apparent that a significant amount of the plutonium charged to the 6.4D dissolver did not dissolve in the time predicted by previous laboratory experiments. The extended dissolution time was attributed to fluoride complexation by boron. An extensive research and development (R{ampersand}D) program was initiated to investigate the dissolution chemistry and the physical configuration of the dissolver insert to understand what flowsheet modifications were needed to achieve a viable dissolution process.

Rudisill, T.S.; Karraker, D.G.; Graham, F.R.

1997-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

113

The potential source of dissolved aluminum from resuspended sediments to the North Atlantic deep water  

SciTech Connect

Laboratory and field studies were conducted to investigate the significance of resuspended sediments as a source of dissolved Al to the deep northwest Atlantic. Sediment resuspension experiments demonstrate the effect on dissolved Al concentration (initially 11 nM) of adding natural suspended sediments (ca. 0.1-10 mg/L) to seawater. The concentration of dissolved Al increased by the resuspension of sediments; for example, addition of 0.15 mg/L sediments caused dissolved Al to increase by 10 nM. Distributions of dissolved and leachable particulate Al off the tail of the Grand Banks, near the high-energy western boundary current, show elevated levels in the near-bottom waters. The authors suggest that resuspended sediments associated with nepheloid layers along the western boundary of the North Atlantic are a source of dissolved Al. Strong western boundary currents provide the energy to resuspend and maintain intense nepheloid layers of sediments. Continued resuspension and deposition of sediments within the nepheloid layer promotes the release of Al from sediments to the overlying water. The Al-rich terrigenous sediments that predominate along the deep boundary of the Denmark Strait, Labrador Sea, Newfoundland and off Nova Scotia constitute a potentially significant source of dissolved Al. Release of Al from resuspended sediments associated with nepheloid layers at a more northern location (e.g., Denmark Strait) may contribute to the near-linear increase in dissolved Al with depth observed in the deep northwest Atlantic.

Moran, S.B.; Moore, R.M. (Dalhousie Univ., Halifax, Nova Scotia (Canada))

1991-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

114

1 In situ Ramanbased measurements of high dissolved methane 2 concentrations in hydraterich ocean sediments  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

sediments 3 Xin Zhang,1,2 Keith C. Hester,1,3 William Ussler,1 Peter M. Walz,1 Edward T. Peltzer,1 4 XX Month 2011. 6 [1] Ocean sediment dissolved CH4 concentrations are of 7 interest for possible dissolved 28 methane concentrations in hydraterich ocean sediments, Geophys. 29 Res. Lett., 38, LXXXXX, doi

Tian, Weidong

115

Constraining Oceanic dust deposition using surface 1 ocean dissolved Al 2  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Constraining Oceanic dust deposition using surface 1 ocean dissolved Al 2 Qin Han, J. Keith Moore, Charles Zender, Chris Measures, David Hydes 3 Abstract 4 We use measurements of ocean surface dissolved Al and Deposition 6 (DEAD) model, to constrain dust deposition to the oceans. Our Al database contains 7 all

Zender, Charles

116

Dissolved oxygen stratification in two micro-tidal partially-mixed estuaries  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Dissolved oxygen stratification in two micro-tidal partially-mixed estuaries Jing Lin a,*, Lian Xie online 21 August 2006 Abstract The controlling physical factors for vertical oxygen stratification that vertical stratification of dissolved oxygen (DO) concentration can be explained by the extended Hansen

Mallin, Michael

117

Dissolving brittle stars hint at implications of ocean acidification |  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Sea urchins and brittle starfish on the seabed at Explorers Cove in Antarctica. The rate the starfish decay offers clues to ocean acidification. Photo courtesy of Shawn Harper. To view a larger version of the image, click on it. Sea urchins and brittle starfish on the seabed at Explorers Cove in Antarctica. The rate the starfish decay offers clues to ocean acidification. Photo courtesy of Shawn Harper. To view a larger version of the image, click on it. Sea urchins and brittle starfish on the seabed at Explorers Cove in Antarctica. The rate the starfish decay offers clues to ocean acidification. Photo courtesy of Shawn Harper. To view a larger version of the image, click on it. Dissolving brittle stars hint at implications of ocean acidification By Chelsea Leu * August 15, 2013 Tweet EmailPrint Under the sea ice of Explorers Cove, Antarctica, is a startling array of life. Brittle stars, sea urchins and scallops grow in profusion on the seafloor, a stark contrast to the icy moonscape on the continent's

118

The Transfer of Dissolved Cs-137 from Soil to Plants  

SciTech Connect

Rapidly maturing plants were grown simultaneously at the same experimental sites under natural conditions at the Chernobyl Exclusion Zone. Roots of the plants were side by side in the soil. During two seasons we selected samples of the plants and of the soils several times every season. Content of Cs-137 in the plant and in the soil solution extracted from the samples of soils was measured. Results of measurements of the samples show that, for the experimental site, Cs-137 content in the plant varies with date of the sample selection. The plant:soil solution Cs-137 concentration ratio depends strongly on the date of selection and also on the type of soil. After analysis of the data we conclude that Cs-137 plant uptake is approximately proportional to the content of dissolved Cs-137 in the soil per unit of volume, and the plant:soil solution Cs-137 concentration ratio for the soil is approximately proportional to the soil moisture. (authors)

Prorok, V.V.; Melnichenko, L.Yu. [Department of Physics, Taras Shevchenko National University of Kyiv, 2, build. 1 Acad. Glushkov prospect, Kyiv-680 MSP (Ukraine); Mason, C.F.V. [Research Applications Corporation, 148 Piedra Loop, Los Alamos, NM 87544 (United States); Ageyev, V.A.; Ostashko, V.V. [Institute for Nuclear Research, 47 Nauky prospect, Kyiv-680 MSP (Ukraine)

2006-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

119

EXAFS studies of sodium silicate glasses containing dissolved actinides  

SciTech Connect

Sodium silicate glasses containing dissolved Th, U, Np, and Pu have been studied using the EXAFS technique. Th/sup 4 +/, U/sup 4 +/, Np/sup 4 +/, and Pu/sup 4 +/ ions in the silicate glasses are 8-fold coordinated to oxygen neighbors. The higher valent U/sup 6 +/ and Np/sup 5 +/ ions have complex local symmetries. The U/sup 6 +/ ions appear in a uranyl configuration with 2 oxygen atoms at 1.85A and 4 at 2.25A from the U ion. The Np/sup 5 +/ local symmetry is more complex and difficult to determine uniquely. The U/sup 6 +/ glasses show substantial clustering of the uranium atoms. A structural model, with nearly planar uranyl sheets sandwiched between alkali and silica layers, is used to explain the U/sup 6 +/ EXAFS data. This model allows us to understand why U/sup 6 +/ ions are much more soluble in the glasses than the actinide 4/sup +/ ions. 4 references, 2 figures.

Knapp, G.S.; Veal, B.W.; Paulikas, A.P.; Mitchell, A.W.; Lam, D.J.; Klippert, T.E.

1984-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

120

Louisiana State Offshore Associated-Dissolved Natural Gas, Wet After Lease  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Associated-Dissolved Natural Gas, Wet After Lease Separation, Proved Reserves (Billion Cubic Feet) Associated-Dissolved Natural Gas, Wet After Lease Separation, Proved Reserves (Billion Cubic Feet) Louisiana State Offshore Associated-Dissolved Natural Gas, Wet After Lease Separation, Proved Reserves (Billion Cubic Feet) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8 Year-9 1980's 449 251 260 207 231 1990's 207 207 154 157 168 148 157 130 98 120 2000's 129 145 84 79 61 63 56 65 686 513 2010's 107 51 - = No Data Reported; -- = Not Applicable; NA = Not Available; W = Withheld to avoid disclosure of individual company data. Release Date: 8/1/2013 Next Release Date: 8/1/2014 Referring Pages: Associated-Dissolved Natural Gas Proved Reserves, Wet After Lease Separation, as of Dec. 31 LA, State Offshore Associated-Dissolved Natural Gas Proved Reserves,

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "dissolved solids tds" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


121

Photolytic processing of secondary organic aerosols dissolved in cloud droplets  

SciTech Connect

The effect of UV irradiation on the molecular composition of aqueous extracts of secondary organic aerosol (SOA) was investigated. SOA was prepared by the dark reaction of ozone and d-limonene at 0.05 - 1 ppm precursor concentrations and collected with a particle-into-liquid sampler (PILS). The PILS extracts were photolyzed by 300 - 400 nm radiation for up to 24 hours. Water-soluble SOA constituents were analyzed using high-resolution electrospray ionization mass spectrometry (HR-ESI-MS) at different stages of photolysis for all SOA precursor concentrations. Exposure to UV radiation increased the average O/C ratio and decreased the average double bond equivalent (DBE) of the dissolved SOA compounds. Oligomeric compounds were significantly reduced by photolysis relative to the monomeric compounds. Direct pH measurements showed that compounds containing carboxylic acids increased upon photolysis. Methanol reactivity analysis revealed significant photodissociation of molecules containing carbonyl groups and formation of carboxylic acids. Aldehydes, such as limononaldehyde, were almost completely removed. The removal of carbonylswas confirmed by the UV-Vis absorption spectroscopy of the SOA extracts where the absorbance in the carbonyl n??* band decreased significantly upon photolysis. The effective quantum yield (the number of carbonyls destroyed per photon absorbed) was estimated as ~ 0.03. The concentration of peroxides did not change significantly during photolysis as quantified with an iodometric test. Although organic peroxides were photolyzed, the likely end products of photolysis were smaller peroxides, including hydrogen peroxide, resulting in a no net change in the peroxide content.

Bateman, Adam P.; Nizkorodov, Serguei; Laskin, Julia; Laskin, Alexander

2011-05-26T23:59:59.000Z

122

Simulation of uranium aluminide dissolution in a continuous aluminum dissolver system  

SciTech Connect

This mission of the Idaho Chemical Processing Plant (ICPP) is to recover highly-enriched uranium from spent nuclear reactor fuel. One fuel type is dissolved in mercury-catalyzed nitric acid, and the uranium is extracted from the resulting dissolver product by an organic solvent. This fuel is composed of an aluminum-alloy-clad matrix of particulate uranium aluminide, which dissolves more slowly than the cladding. Because of the content of fissile {sup 235}U, suspended uranium aluminide or dissolved uranyl nitrate can form a critical mass under some circumstances. The dissolver and piping are geometrically favorable from the criticality standpoint, so the digester is where a criticality event would be most likely to occur. In the digester, the mass limit for {sup 235}U (as suspended uranium aluminide particles) is approximately 790 g. depending on the uranyl nitrate concentration. In a clear dissolver product (no suspended UAl{sub 3}), the concentration limit is 7 g {sup 235}U/L (as uranyl nitrate). Both limits are substantially below the lowest values at which a criticality event could possibly occur. This document a dynamic model of uranium aluminide dissolution in a continuous dissolver system, report typical calculated results, and advance appropriate conclusions.

Evans, D.R.; Farman, R.F.; Christian, J.D.

1990-02-28T23:59:59.000Z

123

Complexation of mercury by dissolved organic matter in surface waters of Galveston Bay, Texas  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The chemical speciation of dissolved mercury in surface waters of Galveston Bay was determined using the concentrations of mercury-complexing ligands and conditional stability constants of mercury-ligand complexes. Two classes of natural ligands associated with dissolved organic matter were determined by a competitive ligand exchange-solvent solvent extraction (CLE-SSE) method: a strong class (Ls), ranging from 19 to 93 pM with an average conditional stability constant (KHgLs) of 1028, and a weak class (Lw) ranging from 1.4 to 9.8 nM with an average \\{KHgLs\\} of 1023. The range of conditional stability constants between mercury and natural ligands suggested that sulfides and thiolates are important binding sites for dissolved mercury in estuarine waters. A positive correlation between the estuarine distribution of dissolved glutathione and that of mercury-complexing ligands supported this suggestion. Thermodynamic equilibrium modeling using stability constants for HgL, HgClx, Hg(OH)x, and HgCl(OH) and concentrations of each ligand demonstrated that almost all of the dissolved mercury (>99%) in Galveston Bay was complexed by natural ligands associated with dissolved organic matter. The importance of low concentrations of high-affinity ligands that may originate in the biological system (i.e., glutathione and phytochelatin) suggests that the greater portion of bulk dissolved organic matter may not be important for mercury complexation in estuarine surface waters.

Seunghee Han; Gary A. Gill; Ronald D. Lehman; Key-Young Choe

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

124

Solid Waste Rules (New Hampshire)  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

The solid waste statute applies to construction and demolition debris, appliances, recyclables, and the facilities that collect, process, and dispose of solid waste. DES oversees the management of...

125

Solid Waste Management (North Carolina)  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

The Solid Waste Program regulates safe management of solid waste through guidance, technical assistance, regulations, permitting, environmental monitoring, compliance evaluation and enforcement....

126

Texas - RRC District 2 Onshore Associated-Dissolved Natural Gas, Wet After  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

2 Onshore Associated-Dissolved Natural Gas, Wet After Lease Separation, Proved Reserves (Billion Cubic Feet) 2 Onshore Associated-Dissolved Natural Gas, Wet After Lease Separation, Proved Reserves (Billion Cubic Feet) Texas - RRC District 2 Onshore Associated-Dissolved Natural Gas, Wet After Lease Separation, Proved Reserves (Billion Cubic Feet) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8 Year-9 1970's 955 1980's 921 806 780 747 661 570 517 512 428 430 1990's 407 352 308 288 299 245 252 235 204 202 2000's 115 65 70 81 76 109 118 137 72 72 2010's 134 924 - = No Data Reported; -- = Not Applicable; NA = Not Available; W = Withheld to avoid disclosure of individual company data. Release Date: 8/1/2013 Next Release Date: 8/1/2014 Referring Pages: Associated-Dissolved Natural Gas Proved Reserves, Wet After Lease

127

New Mexico - West Associated-Dissolved Natural Gas, Wet After Lease  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

West Associated-Dissolved Natural Gas, Wet After Lease Separation, Proved Reserves (Billion Cubic Feet) West Associated-Dissolved Natural Gas, Wet After Lease Separation, Proved Reserves (Billion Cubic Feet) New Mexico - West Associated-Dissolved Natural Gas, Wet After Lease Separation, Proved Reserves (Billion Cubic Feet) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8 Year-9 1970's 151 1980's 156 150 146 180 194 181 214 213 259 178 1990's 184 156 127 107 97 119 108 106 98 92 2000's 115 99 103 89 90 98 82 87 86 82 2010's 105 143 - = No Data Reported; -- = Not Applicable; NA = Not Available; W = Withheld to avoid disclosure of individual company data. Release Date: 8/1/2013 Next Release Date: 8/1/2014 Referring Pages: Associated-Dissolved Natural Gas Proved Reserves, Wet After Lease

128

Utah Associated-Dissolved Natural Gas, Wet After Lease Separation, Proved  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Associated-Dissolved Natural Gas, Wet After Lease Separation, Proved Reserves (Billion Cubic Feet) Associated-Dissolved Natural Gas, Wet After Lease Separation, Proved Reserves (Billion Cubic Feet) Utah Associated-Dissolved Natural Gas, Wet After Lease Separation, Proved Reserves (Billion Cubic Feet) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8 Year-9 1970's 367 1980's 414 335 325 360 341 391 410 471 475 442 1990's 455 469 309 289 286 277 301 310 209 321 2000's 348 303 359 299 290 308 317 368 321 601 2010's 631 909 - = No Data Reported; -- = Not Applicable; NA = Not Available; W = Withheld to avoid disclosure of individual company data. Release Date: 8/1/2013 Next Release Date: 8/1/2014 Referring Pages: Associated-Dissolved Natural Gas Proved Reserves, Wet After Lease Separation, as of Dec. 31

129

Kansas Associated-Dissolved Natural Gas, Wet After Lease Separation, Proved  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Associated-Dissolved Natural Gas, Wet After Lease Separation, Proved Reserves (Billion Cubic Feet) Associated-Dissolved Natural Gas, Wet After Lease Separation, Proved Reserves (Billion Cubic Feet) Kansas Associated-Dissolved Natural Gas, Wet After Lease Separation, Proved Reserves (Billion Cubic Feet) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8 Year-9 1970's 167 1980's 185 139 112 132 110 115 132 115 103 101 1990's 114 115 94 93 75 67 82 51 60 52 2000's 40 105 66 85 80 83 82 83 85 83 2010's 79 127 - = No Data Reported; -- = Not Applicable; NA = Not Available; W = Withheld to avoid disclosure of individual company data. Release Date: 8/1/2013 Next Release Date: 8/1/2014 Referring Pages: Associated-Dissolved Natural Gas Proved Reserves, Wet After Lease Separation, as of Dec. 31

130

North Dakota Associated-Dissolved Natural Gas, Wet After Lease Separation,  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Associated-Dissolved Natural Gas, Wet After Lease Separation, Proved Reserves (Billion Cubic Feet) Associated-Dissolved Natural Gas, Wet After Lease Separation, Proved Reserves (Billion Cubic Feet) North Dakota Associated-Dissolved Natural Gas, Wet After Lease Separation, Proved Reserves (Billion Cubic Feet) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8 Year-9 1970's 201 1980's 239 253 248 257 267 331 293 276 266 313 1990's 334 243 266 274 275 263 255 257 261 250 2000's 264 270 315 316 320 343 357 417 484 1,070 2010's 1,717 2,511 - = No Data Reported; -- = Not Applicable; NA = Not Available; W = Withheld to avoid disclosure of individual company data. Release Date: 8/1/2013 Next Release Date: 8/1/2014 Referring Pages: Associated-Dissolved Natural Gas Proved Reserves, Wet After Lease

131

Ohio Associated-Dissolved Natural Gas, Wet After Lease Separation, Proved  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Associated-Dissolved Natural Gas, Wet After Lease Separation, Proved Reserves (Billion Cubic Feet) Associated-Dissolved Natural Gas, Wet After Lease Separation, Proved Reserves (Billion Cubic Feet) Ohio Associated-Dissolved Natural Gas, Wet After Lease Separation, Proved Reserves (Billion Cubic Feet) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8 Year-9 1970's 1,047 1980's 1,417 800 984 1,635 1,178 938 898 594 480 589 1990's 371 376 381 343 315 355 399 391 342 402 2000's 469 340 346 304 208 184 174 101 99 97 2010's 90 74 - = No Data Reported; -- = Not Applicable; NA = Not Available; W = Withheld to avoid disclosure of individual company data. Release Date: 8/1/2013 Next Release Date: 8/1/2014 Referring Pages: Associated-Dissolved Natural Gas Proved Reserves, Wet After Lease Separation, as of Dec. 31

132

Texas - RRC District 4 Onshore Associated-Dissolved Natural Gas, Wet After  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

4 Onshore Associated-Dissolved Natural Gas, Wet After Lease Separation, Proved Reserves (Billion Cubic Feet) 4 Onshore Associated-Dissolved Natural Gas, Wet After Lease Separation, Proved Reserves (Billion Cubic Feet) Texas - RRC District 4 Onshore Associated-Dissolved Natural Gas, Wet After Lease Separation, Proved Reserves (Billion Cubic Feet) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8 Year-9 1970's 1,416 1980's 1,292 1,005 890 765 702 684 596 451 393 371 1990's 301 243 228 215 191 209 246 368 394 182 2000's 176 140 150 136 165 148 110 117 127 96 2010's 91 61 - = No Data Reported; -- = Not Applicable; NA = Not Available; W = Withheld to avoid disclosure of individual company data. Release Date: 8/1/2013 Next Release Date: 8/1/2014 Referring Pages: Associated-Dissolved Natural Gas Proved Reserves, Wet After Lease

133

California State Offshore Associated-Dissolved Natural Gas, Wet After Lease  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Associated-Dissolved Natural Gas, Wet After Lease Separation, Proved Reserves (Billion Cubic Feet) Associated-Dissolved Natural Gas, Wet After Lease Separation, Proved Reserves (Billion Cubic Feet) California State Offshore Associated-Dissolved Natural Gas, Wet After Lease Separation, Proved Reserves (Billion Cubic Feet) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8 Year-9 1970's 226 1980's 160 244 232 221 206 1990's 188 55 59 63 59 56 47 54 39 58 2000's 86 80 85 76 85 89 85 79 54 53 2010's 63 79 - = No Data Reported; -- = Not Applicable; NA = Not Available; W = Withheld to avoid disclosure of individual company data. Release Date: 8/1/2013 Next Release Date: 8/1/2014 Referring Pages: Associated-Dissolved Natural Gas Proved Reserves, Wet After Lease Separation, as of Dec. 31

134

Direct and indirect photoreactions of chromophoric dissolved organic matter : roles of reactive oxygen species and iron  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Photochemical transformations of chromophoric dissolved organic matter (CDOM) are one of the principal processes controlling its fate in coastal waters. The photochemical decomposition of CDOM leads to the formation of a ...

Goldstone, Jared Verrill, 1971-

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

135

Degradation of proton exchange membrane by Pt dissolved/deposited in fuel cells  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

An accelerated single cell test and single electrode cell test were carried out to investigate membrane degradation by Pt dissolved/deposited on the membrane. For a cell operating under accelerated conditions ...

Taehee Kim; Ho Lee; Woojong Sim; Jonghyun Lee

2009-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

136

Dissolved strontium in the subterranean estuary Implications for the marine strontium isotope budget  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Dissolved strontium in the subterranean estuary ­ Implications for the marine strontium isotope concentrations among sites (0.1­24 lM Sr). Strontium isotope exchange was observed in the STE at five

137

Laser- and UV-LED-Induced Fluorescence Detection of Drinking Water and Water-Dissolved Organics  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We have developed a deep-UV laser-induced fluorescence system for fluorescence detection of water-dissolved organic species. Deep-UV LEDs also were used as the excitation source....

Sharikova, Anna V; Killinger, Dennis K

138

Geochemistry of dissolved rare earth elements in the Equatorial Pacific Ocean  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Seawater samples were collected from four locations in the Equatorial Pacific Ocean during the MR02-K06 cruise of the R/V Mirai...and analyzed for dissolved rare earth elements (REEs) using inductively coupled pl...

Zhong-Liang Wang; Masatoshi Yamada

2007-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

139

Hydrogen Permeation in Metals as a Function of Stress, Temperature and Dissolved Hydrogen Concentration  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...February 1966 research-article Hydrogen Permeation in Metals as a Function of Stress, Temperature and Dissolved Hydrogen Concentration W. Beck J. O'M...of the diffusion of electrolytic hydrogen through membranes of: (1) polycrystalline...

1966-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

140

Texas - RRC District 1 Associated-Dissolved Natural Gas, Wet After Lease  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Associated-Dissolved Natural Gas, Wet After Lease Separation, Proved Reserves (Billion Cubic Feet) Associated-Dissolved Natural Gas, Wet After Lease Separation, Proved Reserves (Billion Cubic Feet) Texas - RRC District 1 Associated-Dissolved Natural Gas, Wet After Lease Separation, Proved Reserves (Billion Cubic Feet) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8 Year-9 1970's 209 1980's 172 180 216 175 170 260 241 205 204 251 1990's 333 401 361 191 151 248 446 68 51 67 2000's 69 43 47 48 45 57 61 72 60 67 2010's 267 900 - = No Data Reported; -- = Not Applicable; NA = Not Available; W = Withheld to avoid disclosure of individual company data. Release Date: 8/1/2013 Next Release Date: 8/1/2014 Referring Pages: Associated-Dissolved Natural Gas Proved Reserves, Wet After Lease

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "dissolved solids tds" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


141

Gulf of Mexico Federal Offshore - Texas Associated-Dissolved Natural Gas,  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Texas Associated-Dissolved Natural Gas, Wet After Lease Separation, Proved Reserves (Billion Cubic Feet) Texas Associated-Dissolved Natural Gas, Wet After Lease Separation, Proved Reserves (Billion Cubic Feet) Gulf of Mexico Federal Offshore - Texas Associated-Dissolved Natural Gas, Wet After Lease Separation, Proved Reserves (Billion Cubic Feet) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8 Year-9 1980's 474 320 541 522 532 494 1990's 446 407 691 574 679 891 794 1,228 1,224 1,383 2000's 1,395 1,406 1,267 1,119 886 547 378 377 465 629 2010's 689 539 - = No Data Reported; -- = Not Applicable; NA = Not Available; W = Withheld to avoid disclosure of individual company data. Release Date: 8/1/2013 Next Release Date: 8/1/2014 Referring Pages: Associated-Dissolved Natural Gas Proved Reserves, Wet After Lease

142

West Virginia Associated-Dissolved Natural Gas, Wet After Lease Separation,  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Associated-Dissolved Natural Gas, Wet After Lease Separation, Proved Reserves (Billion Cubic Feet) Associated-Dissolved Natural Gas, Wet After Lease Separation, Proved Reserves (Billion Cubic Feet) West Virginia Associated-Dissolved Natural Gas, Wet After Lease Separation, Proved Reserves (Billion Cubic Feet) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8 Year-9 1970's 76 1980's 122 63 83 86 73 73 65 150 141 98 1990's 86 159 198 190 133 74 71 59 43 88 2000's 98 48 21 23 20 19 16 16 23 24 2010's 29 52 - = No Data Reported; -- = Not Applicable; NA = Not Available; W = Withheld to avoid disclosure of individual company data. Release Date: 8/1/2013 Next Release Date: 8/1/2014 Referring Pages: Associated-Dissolved Natural Gas Proved Reserves, Wet After Lease Separation, as of Dec. 31

143

Biofuels : Upgraded New Solids  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The main historical keywords for the three pathways are: Agglomeration: Briquettes are long-established upgraded solid fuels, especially based on coal. 1970s: first small scale pellet heating units build in t...

Dr. Marco Klemm; Ralf Schmersahl

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

144

Biofuels : Upgraded New Solids  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The main historical keywords for the three pathways are: Agglomeration: Briquettes are long-established upgraded solid fuels, especially based on coal. 1970s: first small scale pellet heating units build in t...

Dr. Marco Klemm; Ralf Schmersahl; Dr. Claudia Kirsten

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

145

Solids Accumulation Scouting Studies  

SciTech Connect

The objective of Solids Accumulation activities was to perform scaled testing to understand the behavior of remaining solids in a Double Shell Tank (DST), specifically AW-105, at Hanford during multiple fill, mix, and transfer operations. It is important to know if fissionable materials can concentrate when waste is transferred from staging tanks prior to feeding waste treatment plants. Specifically, there is a concern that large, dense particles containing plutonium could accumulate in poorly mixed regions of a blend tank heel for tanks that employ mixing jet pumps. At the request of the DOE Hanford Tank Operations Contractor, Washington River Protection Solutions, the Engineering Development Laboratory of the Savannah River National Laboratory performed a scouting study in a 1/22-scale model of a waste staging tank to investigate this concern and to develop measurement techniques that could be applied in a more extensive study at a larger scale. Simulated waste tank solids: Gibbsite, Zirconia, Sand, and Stainless Steel, with stainless steel particles representing the heavier particles, e.g., plutonium, and supernatant were charged to the test tank and rotating liquid jets were used to mix most of the solids while the simulant was pumped out. Subsequently, the volume and shape of the mounds of residual solids and the spatial concentration profiles for the surrogate for heavier particles were measured. Several techniques were developed and equipment designed to accomplish the measurements needed and they included: 1. Magnetic particle separator to remove simulant stainless steel solids. A device was designed and built to capture these solids, which represent the heavier solids during a waste transfer from a staging tank. 2. Photographic equipment to determine the volume of the solids mounds. The mounds were photographed as they were exposed at different tank waste levels to develop a composite of topographical areas. 3. Laser rangefinders to determine the volume of the solids mounds. The mounds were scanned after tank supernatant was removed. 4. Core sampler to determine the stainless steel solids distribution within the solids mounds. This sampler was designed and built to remove small sections of the mounds to evaluate concentrations of the stainless steel solids at different special locations. 5. Computer driven positioner that placed the laser rangefinders and the core sampler in appropriate locations over solids mounds that accumulated on the bottom of a scaled staging tank where mixing is poor. These devices and techniques were effective to estimate the movement, location, and concentrations of the solids representing heavier particles and could perform well at a larger scale The experiment contained two campaigns with each comprised of ten cycles to fill and empty the scaled staging tank. The tank was filled without mixing, but emptied, while mixing, in seven batches; the first six were of equal volumes of 13.1 gallons each to represent the planned fullscale batches of 145,000 gallons, and the last, partial, batch of 6.9 gallons represented a full-scale partial batch of 76,000 gallons that will leave a 72-inch heel in the staging tank for the next cycle. The sole difference between the two campaigns was the energy to mix the scaled staging tank, i.e., the nozzle velocity and jet rotational speed of the two jet pumps. Campaign 1 used 22.9 ft/s, at 1.54 rpm based on past testing and Campaign 2 used 23.9 ft/s at 1.75 rpm, based on visual observation of minimum velocity that allowed fast settling solids, i.e., sand and stainless steel, to accumulate on the scaled tank bottom.

Duignan, M. R.; Steeper, T. J.; Steimke, J. L.

2012-09-26T23:59:59.000Z

146

Solid Cold - F  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

F. Progress in science F. Progress in science Aside from what it tells us about the thermodynamics of solids, this analysis by Einstein illustrates some important things about the way scientific progress is made. For one, it serves as a typical example of how discoveries about one phenomenon often help us understand others that had no obvious relation to it earlier. In this case, newly discovered properties of light suggested significant facts about solids-and about whether or not solids were made of atoms. Einstein thus found another significant relation between thermodynamics and optics besides the ones already known earlier. Another point this work illustrates is that progress doesn't always require understanding everything at once. It turned out that solids do act like

147

Solid state switch  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A solid state switch, with reverse conducting thyristors, is designed to operate at 20 kV hold-off voltage, 1500 A peak, 1.0 .mu.s pulsewidth, and 4500 pps, to replace thyratrons. The solid state switch is more reliable, more economical, and more easily repaired. The switch includes a stack of circuit card assemblies, a magnetic assist and a trigger chassis. Each circuit card assembly contains a reverse conducting thyristor, a resistor capacitor network, and triggering circuitry.

Merritt, Bernard T. (Livermore, CA); Dreifuerst, Gary R. (Livermore, CA)

1994-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

148

Table 13: Associated-dissolved natural gas proved reserves, reserves changes, an  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

: Associated-dissolved natural gas proved reserves, reserves changes, and production, wet after lease separation, 2011" : Associated-dissolved natural gas proved reserves, reserves changes, and production, wet after lease separation, 2011" "billion cubic feet" ,,"Changes in Reserves During 2011" ,"Published",,,,,,,,"New Reservoir" ,"Proved",,"Revision","Revision",,,,"New Field","Discoveries","Estimated","Proved" ,"Reserves","Adjustments","Increases","Decreases","Sales","Acquisitions","Extensions","Discoveries","in Old Fields","Production","Reserves" "State and Subdivision",40543,"(+,-)","(+)","(-)","(-)","(+)","(+)","(+)","(+)","(-)",40908

149

DISCOLORATION OF THE WETTED SURFACE IN THE 6.1D DISSOLVER  

SciTech Connect

During a camera inspection of a failed coil in the 6.1D dissolver, an orange discoloration was observed on a portion of the dissolver wall and coils. At the request of H-Canyon Engineering, the inspection video of the dissolver was reviewed by SRNL to assess if the observed condition (a non-uniform, orange-colored substance on internal surfaces) was a result of corrosion. Although the dissolver vessel and coil corrode during dissolution operations, the high acid conditions are not consistent with the formation of ferrous oxides (i.e., orange/rust-colored corrosion products). In a subsequent investigation, SRNL performed dissolution experiments to determine if residues from the nylon bags used for Pu containment could have generated the orange discoloration following dissolution. When small pieces of a nylon bag were placed in boiling 8 M nitric acid solutions containing other components representative of the H-Canyon process, complete dissolution occurred almost immediately. No residues were obtained even when a nylon mass to volume ratio greater than 100 times the 6.1D dissolver value was used. Degradation products from the dissolution of nylon bags are not responsible for the discoloration observed in the dissolver.

Rudisill, T.; Mickalonis, J.; Crapse, K.

2013-12-18T23:59:59.000Z

150

Solid state switch  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A solid state switch, with reverse conducting thyristors, is designed to operate at 20 kV hold-off voltage, 1,500 A peak, 1.0 [mu]s pulsewidth, and 4,500 pps, to replace thyratrons. The solid state switch is more reliable, more economical, and more easily repaired. The switch includes a stack of circuit card assemblies, a magnetic assist and a trigger chassis. Each circuit card assembly contains a reverse conducting thyristor, a resistor capacitor network, and triggering circuitry. 6 figs.

Merritt, B.T.; Dreifuerst, G.R.

1994-07-19T23:59:59.000Z

151

Quality Services: Solid Wastes, Part 360: Solid Waste Management Facilities  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

0: Solid Waste Management 0: Solid Waste Management Facilities (New York) Quality Services: Solid Wastes, Part 360: Solid Waste Management Facilities (New York) < Back Eligibility Agricultural Commercial Fuel Distributor Industrial Institutional Investor-Owned Utility Multi-Family Residential Municipal/Public Utility Rural Electric Cooperative Transportation Utility Program Info State New York Program Type Environmental Regulations Provider NY Department of Environmental Conservation These regulations apply to all solid wastes with the exception of hazardous or radioactive waste. Proposed solid waste processing facilities are required to obtain permits prior to construction, and the regulations provide details about permitting, construction, registration, and operation requirements. The regulations contain specific guidance for land

152

Japan still solid market  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Japan still solid market ... Japan will continue to present a number of chemical marketing opportunities for U.S. companies, according to a study made for the U.S. Embassy in Tokyo. ... The share of imports of synthetic rubber in Japan's net supply has been dropping steadily since 1962, corresponding to rapidly rising local capacity. ...

1967-01-02T23:59:59.000Z

153

Extraction and Quantitative Analysis of Iodine in Solid and Solution Matrixes  

SciTech Connect

129I is a contaminant of interest in the vadose zone and groundwater at numerous federal and privately-owned facilities. Several techniques have been utilized to extract iodine from solid matrices; however, all of them rely on two fundamental approaches: liquid extraction or chemical/heat facilitated volatilization. While these methods are typically chosen for their ease of implementation, they do not totally dissolve the solid. Because some of the iodine partitions onto the soil, extraction methods that do not result in total sample dissolution could underestimate the total iodine content of solid samples. We defined a method that produces complete solid dissolution and conducted laboratory tests to assess its efficacy to completely extract iodine from solid matrices. Testing consisted of potassium nitrate/potassium hydroxide fusion of the sample, followed by sample dissolution in a mixture of sulfuric acid and sodium bisulfite. Direct analysis of the dissolved sample was performed via inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry (Perkin Elmer Elan DRC II) using a tertiary amine (Spectrasol CFA-C) carrier solution. The fusion extraction method resulted in complete sample dissolution of all solid matrices tested: sediment, glass samples containing low-levels of iodine, as well as tank waste material collected from the Hanford Site. Quantitative analysis of iodine (127I and 129I) showed better than ? 10% accuracy for certified reference standards, with the linear operating range extending more than three orders of magnitude (0.005 to 5 ug/L). Extraction and analysis of four replicates of standard reference material (San Joaquin Soil) from the National Institute of Standards and Technology, Gaithersburg, MD, resulted in an average recovery of 98% with a relative percent deviation of 6%. This simple and cost-effective technique can be applied to solid samples of varying matrices with little or no adaptation.

Brown, Christopher F.; Geiszler, Keith N.; Vickerman, Tanya S.

2005-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

154

On-line fast response device and method for measuring dissolved gas in a fluid  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A method and device for the measurement of dissolved gas within a fluid. The fluid, substantially a liquid, is pumped into a pipe. The flow of the fluid is temporally restricted, creating one or more low pressure regions. A measurement indicative of trapped air is taken before and after the restriction. The amount of dissolved air is calculated from the difference between the first and second measurements. Preferably measurements indicative of trapped air is obtained from one or more pressure transducers, capacitance transducers, or combinations thereof. In the alternative, other methods such as those utilizing x-rays or gamma rays may also be used to detect trapped air. Preferably, the fluid is a hydraulic fluid, whereby dissolved air in the fluid is detected.

Tutu, Narinder Kumar (Manorville, NY)

2011-01-11T23:59:59.000Z

155

PREDICTION OF DISSOLVER LIFETIMES THROUGH NON-DESTRUCTIVE EVALUATION AND LABORATORY TESTING  

SciTech Connect

Non-destructive evaluation was used as the primary method of monitoring the corrosion degradation of nuclear material dissolvers and assessing the remaining lifetimes. Materials were typically processed in nitric acid based (4-14M) solutions containing fluoride concentrations less than 0.2 M. The primary corrosion issue for the stainless steel dissolvers is the occurrence of localized corrosion near the tank bottom and the heat affected zones of the welds. Laboratory data for a range of operational conditions, including solution chemistry and temperature, was used to assess the impact of processing changes on the dissolver corrosion rate. Experimental and NDE-based general corrosion rates were found to be in reasonable agreement for standard dissolution chemistries consisting of nitric acid with fluorides and at temperatures less than 95 C. Greater differences were observed when chloride was present as an impurity and temperatures exceeded 100 C.

Mickalonis, J.; Woodsmall, T.; Hinz, W.; Edwards, T.

2011-10-03T23:59:59.000Z

156

Variations in dissolved gas compositions of reservoir fluids from the Coso  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Variations in dissolved gas compositions of reservoir fluids from the Coso Variations in dissolved gas compositions of reservoir fluids from the Coso geothermal field Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Conference Proceedings: Variations in dissolved gas compositions of reservoir fluids from the Coso geothermal field Details Activities (1) Areas (1) Regions (0) Abstract: Gas concentrations and ratios in 110 analyses of geothermal fluids from 47 wells in the Coso geothermal system illustrate the complexity of this two-phase reservoir in its natural state. Two geographically distinct regions of single-phase (liquid) reservoir are present and possess distinctive gas and liquid compositions. Relationships in soluble and insoluble gases preclude derivation of these waters from a common parent by boiling or condensation alone. These two regions may

157

SOLID OXIDE PLANAR AND TUBULAR SOLID OXIDE FUEL  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

SOLID OXIDE PLANAR AND TUBULAR SOLID OXIDE FUEL CELLS Dynamic Simulation Approach Modular Approach · Parallel planes: PSOFC · Other: combustor, reformer Solid Oxide Fuel Cell Electrochemistry Cell Reactions · Slow pressure transients #12;Fuel Cell Assumptions · H2 electrochemically oxidized only · CO consumed

Mease, Kenneth D.

158

Solid-State Lighting: Contacts  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Contacts Contacts Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to Solid-State Lighting: Contacts to someone by E-mail Share Solid-State Lighting: Contacts on Facebook Tweet about Solid-State Lighting: Contacts on Twitter Bookmark Solid-State Lighting: Contacts on Google Bookmark Solid-State Lighting: Contacts on Delicious Rank Solid-State Lighting: Contacts on Digg Find More places to share Solid-State Lighting: Contacts on AddThis.com... Contacts Web site and program contacts are provided below. Website Contact Send us your comments, report problems, and/or ask questions about information on this site. Program Contacts Contact information for the Solid-State Lighting Program. Contacts | Web Site Policies | U.S. Department of Energy | USA.gov Content Last Updated: 02/14

159

Delaware Solid Waste Authority (Delaware)  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

The Delaware Solid Waste Authority (DSWA) runs three landfills, all of which recover methane and generate electricity with a total capacity of 24 MWs. The DSWA Solid Waste Plan includes goals,...

160

NETL Report format template  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

PSUADE Problem Solving environment for Uncertainty Analysis and Design Exploration ROM Reduced-order model STOMP Subsurface Transport Over Multiple Phases TDS Total dissolved...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "dissolved solids tds" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


161

Municipal Solid Waste:  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Methodology for Allocating Municipal Solid Waste Methodology for Allocating Municipal Solid Waste to Biogenic and Non-Biogenic Energy May 2007 Energy Information Administration Office of Coal, Nuclear, Electric and Alternate Fuels U.S. Department of Energy Washington, DC 20585 This report was prepared by the Energy Information Administration, the independent statistical and analytical agency within the U.S. Department of Energy. The information contained herein should be attributed to the Energy Information Administration and should not be construed as advocating or reflecting any policy of the Department of Energy or any other organization. Contact This report was prepared by staff of the Renewable Information Team, Coal, Nuclear, and Renewables Division, Office of Coal, Nuclear, Electric and Alternate Fuels.

162

Solid Cold - A  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

By the early 20th century, the way in which temperatures of solid objects changed as they absorbed heat was considered strong evidence that matter was not made of atoms. Einstein used some recent discoveries about light to turn this assessment around. A B C D E F A. A puzzle, and a surprising solution Take equal masses of lead and aluminum. Heat them until their temperatures are both 10 degrees higher. Will it take the same amount of heat for each? Back in the 18th century, the chemist Joseph Black discovered that different materials required different amounts of heat to raise their temperatures by equal amounts. The amount by which the temperature of a material changes as it absorbs or gives off heat can even be used to help identify the material. Among solid materials near room temperature,

163

journal Solid State Ionics  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Structural and transport properties of Nafion in hydrobromic Structural and transport properties of Nafion in hydrobromic acid solutions journal Solid State Ionics year month abstract p Proton exchange membranes are key solid state ion carriers in many relevant energy technologies including flow batteries fuel cells and solar fuel generators In many of these systems the membranes are in contact with electrolyte solutions In this paper we focus on the impact of different HBr a flow battery and exemplary acid electrolyte external concentrations on the conductivity of Nafion a perfluorosulfonic acid membrane that is commonly used in many energy related applications The peak and then decrease in conductivity is correlated with measured changes in the water and HBr content within the membrane In addition small angle x ray scattering is used to probe the nanostructure to

164

Solar solids reactor  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A solar powered kiln is provided, that is of relatively simple design and which efficiently uses solar energy. The kiln or solids reactor includes a stationary chamber with a rearward end which receives solid material to be reacted and a forward end through which reacted material is disposed of, and a screw conveyor extending along the bottom of the chamber for slowly advancing the material between the chamber ends. Concentrated solar energy is directed to an aperture at the forward end of the chamber to heat the solid material moving along the bottom of the chamber. The solar energy can be reflected from a mirror facing at an upward incline, through the aperture and against a heat-absorbing material near the top of the chamber, which moves towards the rear of the chamber to distribute heat throughout the chamber. Pumps at the forward and rearward ends of the chamber pump heated sweep gas through the length of the chamber, while minimizing the flow of gas through an open aperture through which concentrated sunlight is received.

Yudow, Bernard D. (Chicago, IL)

1987-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

165

Solar solids reactor  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A solar powered kiln is provided, that is of relatively simple design and which efficiently uses solar energy. The kiln or solids reactor includes a stationary chamber with a rearward end which receives solid material to be reacted and a forward end through which reacted material is disposed of, and a screw conveyor extending along the bottom of the chamber for slowly advancing the material between the chamber ends. Concentrated solar energy is directed to an aperture at the forward end of the chamber to heat the solid material moving along the bottom of the chamber. The solar energy can be reflected from a mirror facing at an upward incline, through the aperture and against a heat-absorbing material near the top of the chamber, which moves towards the rear of the chamber to distribute heat throughout the chamber. Pumps at the forward and rearward ends of the chamber pump heated sweep gas through the length of the chamber, while minimizing the flow of gas through an open aperture through which concentrated sunlight is received.

Yudow, B.D.

1986-02-24T23:59:59.000Z

166

U.S. Federal Offshore Associated-Dissolved Natural Gas, Wet After Lease  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Associated-Dissolved Natural Gas, Wet After Lease Separation, Proved Reserves (Billion Cubic Feet) Associated-Dissolved Natural Gas, Wet After Lease Separation, Proved Reserves (Billion Cubic Feet) U.S. Federal Offshore Associated-Dissolved Natural Gas, Wet After Lease Separation, Proved Reserves (Billion Cubic Feet) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8 Year-9 1990's 6,773 6,487 6,315 6,120 6,738 7,471 7,437 7,913 7,495 7,093 2000's 7,010 8,649 8,090 7,417 6,361 5,904 4,835 4,780 5,106 5,223 2010's 5,204 5,446 - = No Data Reported; -- = Not Applicable; NA = Not Available; W = Withheld to avoid disclosure of individual company data. Release Date: 8/1/2013 Next Release Date: 8/1/2014 Referring Pages: Associated-Dissolved Natural Gas Proved Reserves, Wet After Lease Separation, as of Dec. 31

167

Louisiana - South Onshore Associated-Dissolved Natural Gas, Wet After Lease  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

South Onshore Associated-Dissolved Natural Gas, Wet After Lease Separation, Proved Reserves (Billion Cubic Feet) South Onshore Associated-Dissolved Natural Gas, Wet After Lease Separation, Proved Reserves (Billion Cubic Feet) Louisiana - South Onshore Associated-Dissolved Natural Gas, Wet After Lease Separation, Proved Reserves (Billion Cubic Feet) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8 Year-9 1970's 2,304 1980's 2,134 1,871 1,789 1,582 1,488 1,792 1,573 1,380 1,338 1,273 1990's 1,106 995 853 649 678 720 627 599 630 599 2000's 492 483 427 368 389 427 415 503 471 506 2010's 499 490 - = No Data Reported; -- = Not Applicable; NA = Not Available; W = Withheld to avoid disclosure of individual company data. Release Date: 8/1/2013 Next Release Date: 8/1/2014 Referring Pages: Associated-Dissolved Natural Gas Proved Reserves, Wet After Lease

168

Texas Associated-Dissolved Natural Gas, Wet After Lease Separation, Proved  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Associated-Dissolved Natural Gas, Wet After Lease Separation, Proved Reserves (Billion Cubic Feet) Associated-Dissolved Natural Gas, Wet After Lease Separation, Proved Reserves (Billion Cubic Feet) Texas Associated-Dissolved Natural Gas, Wet After Lease Separation, Proved Reserves (Billion Cubic Feet) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8 Year-9 1980's 10,832 10,753 9,735 9,340 9,095 9,205 1990's 8,999 8,559 8,667 7,880 7,949 7,787 8,160 7,786 7,364 7,880 2000's 6,833 6,089 6,387 6,437 6,547 7,003 7,069 7,530 7,559 8,762 2010's 10,130 13,507 - = No Data Reported; -- = Not Applicable; NA = Not Available; W = Withheld to avoid disclosure of individual company data. Release Date: 8/1/2013 Next Release Date: 8/1/2014 Referring Pages: Associated-Dissolved Natural Gas Proved Reserves, Wet After Lease

169

Methylation of Mercury by Bacteria Exposed to Dissolved, Nanoparticulate, and Microparticulate Mercuric Sulfides  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Methylation of Mercury by Bacteria Exposed to Dissolved, Nanoparticulate, and Microparticulate in the environment is partly controlled by the bioavailability of inorganic divalent mercury (Hg(II)) to anaerobic matter to form chemical species that include organic-coated mercury sulfide nanoparticles as reaction

170

Changes in seal capacity of fractured claystone caprocks induced by dissolved and gaseous CO2 seepage  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Changes in seal capacity of fractured claystone caprocks induced by dissolved and gaseous CO2; accepted 17 June 2008; published 31 July 2008. [1] Claystone caprocks are often the ultimate seal for CO2 underground storage when residual CO2 gas reaches the reservoir top due to buoyancy. Permeability changes

Luquot, Linda

171

PII S0016-7037(99)00361-0 Dissolved and particulate carbohydrates in contrasting marine sediments  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

PII S0016-7037(99)00361-0 Dissolved and particulate carbohydrates in contrasting marine sediments D) and mid-Atlantic shelf/slope break (continental margin) sediments. Particulate carbohydrates (PCHOs) rep- resented 5­9% of the total sediment particulate organic carbon (POC), and PCHO remineralization appeared

Burdige, David

172

Biogeochemical and hydrographic controls on chromophoric dissolved organic matter distribution in the Pacific Ocean  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

in the Pacific Ocean Chantal M. Swan a,?, David A. Siegel a,b , Norman B. Nelson a , Craig A. Carlson c , Elora Available online 19 September 2009 Keywords: CDOM AOU Pacific Water masses Hydrography Bio-optical a b s t r a c t Recent in situ observations of chromophoric dissolved organic material (CDOM) in the Pacific

Siegel, David A.

173

Occurrence and Implication of dissolved organic phosphorus (DOP) in tertiary wastewater Effluents Page 1 of 6  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

GU, APRIL Occurrence and Implication of dissolved organic phosphorus (DOP) in tertiary wastewater wastewater effluents L. Liu1 , D. S. Smith2 , M. Bracken3 , J.B. Neethling4 , H.D. Stensel5 and S. Murthy6 levels (e.g. TPwastewater treatment plants. A few previous studies (Benisch et al., 2007

Brody, James P.

174

Wastewater Discharge, Nutrient Loading, and Dissolved Oxygen Dynamics in a Shallow Texas Bay  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In Oso Bay, a wastewater treatment plant acts as a source of eutrophication and may have measureable impact on the health of the bay. The objectives of this study were to create a model for modeling dissolved oxygen concentrations over time...

Schroer, Lee Allen

2014-05-07T23:59:59.000Z

175

Variable ageing and storage of dissolved organic components in the open ocean  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

... Seawater dissolved organic matter (DOM) is the largest reservoir of exchangeable organic carbon in the ... carbon cycling are thus limited by the need for information on temporal scales of carbon storage in DOM subcomponents, produced via the biological pump, relative to their recycling by ...

Ai Ning Loh; James E. Bauer; Ellen R. M. Druffel

2004-08-19T23:59:59.000Z

176

Whats in an EEM? Molecular Signatures Associated with Dissolved Organic Fluorescence in Boreal Canada  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Molecular Signatures Associated with Dissolved Organic Fluorescence in Boreal Canada ... Of these three humic-like components, P3 was the most photolabile,(19) possibly because its excitation maximum extends furthest into the solar spectrum(30) (Table 1; SI Figure S1). ...

A. Stubbins; J.-F. Lapierre; M. Berggren; Y. T. Prairie; T. Dittmar; P. A. del Giorgio

2014-08-22T23:59:59.000Z

177

Did BP's oil-dissolving chemical make the spill By Kate Spinner  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Did BP's oil-dissolving chemical make the spill worse? By Kate Spinner Published: Monday, May 30, 2011 at 8:47 p.m. BP succeeded in sinking the oil from its blown well out of sight -- and keeping much chemicals. But the impact on the ecosystem as a whole may have been more damaging than the oil alone

Belogay, Eugene A.

178

Total Dissolved Gas Monitoring in Chum Salmon Spawning Gravels Below Bonneville Dam  

SciTech Connect

At the request of the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers (Portland District), Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL) conducted research to determine whether total dissolved gas concentrations are elevated in chum salmon redds during spring spill operations at Bonneville Dam. The study involved monitoring the total dissolved gas levels at egg pocket depth and in the river at two chum salmon spawning locations downstream from Bonneville Dam. Dissolved atmospheric gas supersaturation generated by spill from Bonneville Dam may diminish survival of chum (Oncorhynchus keta) salmon when sac fry are still present in the gravel downstream from Bonneville Dam. However, no previous work has been conducted to determine whether total dissolved gas (TDG) levels are elevated during spring spill operations within incubation habitats. The guidance used by hydropower system managers to provide protection for pre-emergent chum salmon fry has been to limit TDG to 105% after allowing for depth compensation. A previous literature review completed in early 2006 shows that TDG levels as low as 103% have been documented to cause mortality in sac fry. Our study measured TDG in the incubation environment to evaluate whether these levels were exceeded during spring spill operations. Total dissolved gas levels were measured within chum salmon spawning areas near Ives Island and Multnomah Falls on the Columbia River. Water quality sensors screened at egg pocket depth and to the river were installed at both sites. At each location, we also measured dissolved oxygen, temperature, specific conductance, and water depth to assist with the interpretation of TDG results. Total dissolved gas was depth-compensated to determine when levels were high enough to potentially affect sac fry. This report provides detailed descriptions of the two study sites downstream of Bonneville Dam, as well as the equipment and procedures employed to monitor the TDG levels at the study sites. Results of the monitoring at both sites are then presented in both text and graphics. The findings and recommendations for further research are discussed, followed by a listing of the references cited in the report.

Arntzen, Evan V.; Geist, David R.; Panther, Jennifer L.; Dawley, Earl

2007-01-30T23:59:59.000Z

179

Solid-State Lighting: Publications  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Publications to someone by Publications to someone by E-mail Share Solid-State Lighting: Publications on Facebook Tweet about Solid-State Lighting: Publications on Twitter Bookmark Solid-State Lighting: Publications on Google Bookmark Solid-State Lighting: Publications on Delicious Rank Solid-State Lighting: Publications on Digg Find More places to share Solid-State Lighting: Publications on AddThis.com... Conferences & Meetings Presentations Publications Postings Articles Program Fact Sheets Technology Fact Sheets CALiPER Reports GATEWAY Reports LED Lighting Facts Reports Project Reports Studies and Reports Technology Roadmaps Product Performance Guides Webcasts Videos Tools Publications The Solid-State Lighting (SSL) program produces a comprehensive portfolio of publications, ranging from overviews of the program's research

180

Solid-State Lighting: Presentations  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Presentations to someone by Presentations to someone by E-mail Share Solid-State Lighting: Presentations on Facebook Tweet about Solid-State Lighting: Presentations on Twitter Bookmark Solid-State Lighting: Presentations on Google Bookmark Solid-State Lighting: Presentations on Delicious Rank Solid-State Lighting: Presentations on Digg Find More places to share Solid-State Lighting: Presentations on AddThis.com... Conferences & Meetings Presentations Publications Webcasts Videos Tools Presentations This page provides links to the presentations given at the DOE Solid-State Lighting Workshops, as well as links to reference materials. Some of the following documents are available as Adobe Acrobat PDFs. Download Adobe Reader. Workshop Presentations, Materials and Reports November 2013: Presentations from DOE SSL Market Introduction Workshop

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "dissolved solids tds" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


181

PAPER www.rsc.org/pps | Photochemical & Photobiological Sciences Alteration of chromophoric dissolved organic matter by solar UV radiation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

dissolved organic matter by solar UV radiation causes rapid changes in bacterial community composition dissolved organic carbon concentration. On two occasions during the austral summer, bacteria-free water of the lagoon was exposed to different regions of the solar spectrum (full solar radiation, UV-A + PAR, PAR

Sommaruga, Ruben

182

Net Production and Consumption of Fluorescent Colored Dissolved Organic Matter by Natural Bacterial Assemblages Growing on Marine Phytoplankton Exudates  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...high-molecular-weight dissolved organic matter. Appl...structure and single-cell activity in marine...Sinha. 2005. Solar UV radiation-induced...2010. Microbial production of recalcitrant dissolved organic matter: long-term...matter during cell growth and decline...

Cristina Romera-Castillo; Hugo Sarmento; Xos Antn lvarez-Salgado; Josep M. Gasol; Celia Marras

2011-07-08T23:59:59.000Z

183

Rapid Analysis of Dissolved Methane, Ethylene, Acetylene and Ethane using Partition Coefficients and Headspace-Gas Chromatography  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......stations due to over pressurization of storage tanks (8). Monitoring dissolved C1-C2...municipal wastewater outflow, or petroleum storage facility. The 250 mL sampling vials were...determination of methane dissolved in seawater. Anal.Chem.62: 24082412 (1990......

Jasmine S. Lomond; Anthony Z. Tong

2011-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

184

Chemical Composition of Aquatic Dissolved Organic Matter in Five Boreal Forest Catchments Sampled in Spring and Fall Seasons  

SciTech Connect

The chemical composition and carbon isotope signature of aquatic dissolved organic matter (DOM) in five boreal forest catchments in Scandinavia were investigated. The DOM was isolated during spring and fall seasons using a reverse osmosis technique. The DOM samples were analyzed by elemental analysis, FT-IR, solid-state CP-MAS {sup 13}C-NMR, and C-1s NEXAFS spectroscopy. In addition, the relative abundance of carbon isotopes ({sup 12}C, {sup 13}C, {sup 14}C) in the samples was measured. There were no significant differences in the chemical composition or carbon isotope signature of the DOM sampled in spring and fall seasons. Also, differences in DOM composition between the five catchments were minor. Compared to reference peat fulvic and humic acids, all DOM samples were richer in O-alkyl carbon and contained less aromatic and phenolic carbon, as shown by FT-IR, {sup 13}C-NMR, and C-1s NEXAFS spectroscopy. The DOM was clearly enriched in {sup 14}C relative to the NBS oxalic acid standard of 1950, indicating that the aquatic DOM contained considerable amounts of organic carbon younger than about 50 years. The weight-based C:N ratios of 31 {+-} 6 and the {delta}{sup 13}Cvalues of -29 {+-} 2{per_thousand}indicate that the isolated DOM is of terrestrial rather than aquatic origin. We conclude that young, hydrophilic carbon compounds of terrestrial origin are predominant in the samples investigated, and that the composition of the aquatic DOM in the studied boreal forest catchments is rather stable during low to intermediate flow conditions.

Schumacher,M.; Christl, I.; Vogt, R.; Barmettler, K.; Jacobsen, C.; Kretzschmar, R.

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

185

Solid state optical microscope  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A solid state optical microscope wherein wide-field and high-resolution images of an object are produced at a rapid rate by utilizing conventional optics with a charge-coupled photodiode array. A galvanometer scanning mirror, for scanning in one of two orthogonal directions is provided, while the charge-coupled photodiode array scans in the other orthogonal direction. Illumination light from the object is incident upon the photodiodes, creating packets of electrons (signals) which are representative of the illuminated object. The signals are then processed, stored in a memory, and finally displayed as a video signal. 2 figs.

Young, I.T.

1983-08-09T23:59:59.000Z

186

Solid state optical microscope  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A solid state optical microscope wherein wide-field and high-resolution images of an object are produced at a rapid rate by utilizing conventional optics with a charge-coupled photodiode array. A galvanometer scanning mirror, for scanning in one of two orthogonal directions is provided, while the charge-coupled photodiode array scans in the other orthogonal direction. Illumination light from the object is incident upon the photodiodes, creating packets of electrons (signals) which are representative of the illuminated object. The signals are then processed, stored in a memory, and finally displayed as a video signal.

Young, Ian T. (Pleasanton, CA)

1983-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

187

U.S. Associated-Dissolved Natural Gas, Wet After Lease Separation, New  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Reservoir Discoveries in Old Fields (Billion Cubic Feet) Reservoir Discoveries in Old Fields (Billion Cubic Feet) U.S. Associated-Dissolved Natural Gas, Wet After Lease Separation, New Reservoir Discoveries in Old Fields (Billion Cubic Feet) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8 Year-9 1970's 264 1980's 369 271 365 326 296 341 189 155 339 174 1990's 250 334 292 163 202 634 338 187 218 424 2000's 249 477 331 124 97 79 65 73 820 169 2010's 186 160 - = No Data Reported; -- = Not Applicable; NA = Not Available; W = Withheld to avoid disclosure of individual company data. Release Date: 8/1/2013 Next Release Date: 8/1/2014 Referring Pages: Associated-Dissolved Natural Gas New Reservoir Discoveries in Old Fields, Wet After Lease Separation

188

Alaska Associated-Dissolved Natural Gas, Wet After Lease Separation, Proved  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Associated-Dissolved Natural Gas, Wet After Lease Separation, Proved Reserves (Billion Cubic Feet) Associated-Dissolved Natural Gas, Wet After Lease Separation, Proved Reserves (Billion Cubic Feet) Alaska Associated-Dissolved Natural Gas, Wet After Lease Separation, Proved Reserves (Billion Cubic Feet) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8 Year-9 1970's 27,217 1980's 28,567 28,676 30,814 30,408 30,356 31,092 30,893 30,732 6,269 6,198 1990's 6,927 6,729 6,723 6,494 6,487 6,265 6,080 7,716 7,275 7,209 2000's 6,768 6,592 6,376 6,267 6,469 6,362 8,886 10,752 6,627 8,093 2010's 7,896 8,535 - = No Data Reported; -- = Not Applicable; NA = Not Available; W = Withheld to avoid disclosure of individual company data. Release Date: 8/1/2013 Next Release Date: 8/1/2014 Referring Pages:

189

New Mexico Associated-Dissolved Natural Gas, Wet After Lease Separation,  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Associated-Dissolved Natural Gas, Wet After Lease Separation, Proved Reserves (Billion Cubic Feet) Associated-Dissolved Natural Gas, Wet After Lease Separation, Proved Reserves (Billion Cubic Feet) New Mexico Associated-Dissolved Natural Gas, Wet After Lease Separation, Proved Reserves (Billion Cubic Feet) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8 Year-9 1970's 1,823 1980's 1,689 1,649 1,520 1,503 1,569 1,490 1,446 1,445 1,453 1,378 1990's 1,435 1,554 1,597 1,585 1,641 1,678 1,693 1,420 1,443 1,578 2000's 1,588 1,447 1,482 1,545 1,578 1,661 1,772 1,841 1,755 1,982 2010's 2,213 2,552 - = No Data Reported; -- = Not Applicable; NA = Not Available; W = Withheld to avoid disclosure of individual company data. Release Date: 8/1/2013 Next Release Date: 8/1/2014 Referring Pages:

190

New Mexico - East Associated-Dissolved Natural Gas, Wet After Lease  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Associated-Dissolved Natural Gas, Wet After Lease Separation, Proved Reserves (Billion Cubic Feet) Associated-Dissolved Natural Gas, Wet After Lease Separation, Proved Reserves (Billion Cubic Feet) New Mexico - East Associated-Dissolved Natural Gas, Wet After Lease Separation, Proved Reserves (Billion Cubic Feet) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8 Year-9 1970's 1,672 1980's 1,533 1,499 1,374 1,323 1,375 1,309 1,232 1,232 1,194 1,200 1990's 1,251 1,398 1,470 1,478 1,544 1,559 1,585 1,314 1,345 1,486 2000's 1,473 1,348 1,379 1,456 1,488 1,563 1,690 1,754 1,669 1,900 2010's 2,108 2,409 - = No Data Reported; -- = Not Applicable; NA = Not Available; W = Withheld to avoid disclosure of individual company data. Release Date: 8/1/2013 Next Release Date: 8/1/2014 Referring Pages:

191

Lower 48 States Associated-Dissolved Natural Gas, Wet After Lease  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Associated-Dissolved Natural Gas, Wet After Lease Separation, Proved Reserves (Billion Cubic Feet) Associated-Dissolved Natural Gas, Wet After Lease Separation, Proved Reserves (Billion Cubic Feet) Lower 48 States Associated-Dissolved Natural Gas, Wet After Lease Separation, Proved Reserves (Billion Cubic Feet) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8 Year-9 1970's 32,208 1980's 33,443 32,870 31,268 31,286 30,282 29,515 28,684 27,457 26,609 26,611 1990's 26,242 25,088 24,701 23,551 23,913 24,532 24,715 24,666 23,385 24,206 2000's 23,065 23,232 23,165 22,285 21,180 21,874 20,754 21,916 22,396 25,290 2010's 27,850 34,288 - = No Data Reported; -- = Not Applicable; NA = Not Available; W = Withheld to avoid disclosure of individual company data. Release Date: 8/1/2013 Next Release Date: 8/1/2014

192

Solid state rapid thermocycling  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

The rapid thermal cycling of a material is targeted. A solid state heat exchanger with a first well and second well is coupled to a power module. A thermoelectric element is coupled to the first well, the second well, and the power module, is configured to transfer thermal energy from the first well to the second well when current from the power module flows through the thermoelectric element in a first direction, and is configured to transfer thermal energy from the second well to the first well when current from the power module flows through the thermoelectric element in a second direction. A controller may be coupled to the thermoelectric elements, and may switch the direction of current flowing through the thermoelectric element in response to a determination by sensors coupled to the wells that the amount of thermal energy in the wells falls below or exceeds a pre-determined threshold.

Beer, Neil Reginald; Spadaccini, Christopher

2014-05-13T23:59:59.000Z

193

Probabilistic evaluation of shallow groundwater resources at a hypothetical carbon sequestration site  

SciTech Connect

Carbon sequestration in geologic reservoirs is an important approach for mitigating greenhouse gases emissions to the atmosphere. This study first develops an integrated Monte Carlo method for simulating CO2 and brine leakage from carbon sequestration and subsequent geochemical interactions in shallow aquifers. Then, we estimate probability distributions of five risk proxies related to the likelihood and volume of changes in pH, total dissolved solids, and trace concentrations of lead, arsenic, and cadmium for two possible consequence thresholds. The results indicate that shallow groundwater resources may degrade locally around leakage points by reduced pH and increased total dissolved solids (TDS). The volumes of pH and TDS plumes are most sensitive to aquifer porosity, permeability, and CO2 and brine leakage rates. The estimated plume size of pH change is the largest, while that of cadmium is the smallest among the risk proxies. Plume volume distributions of arsenic and lead are similar to those of TDS. The scientific results from this study provide substantial insight for understanding risks of deep fluids leaking into shallow aquifers, determining the area of review, and designing monitoring networks at carbon sequestration sites.

Dai, Zhenxue; Keating, Elizabeth; Bacon, Diana H.; Viswanathan, Hari; Stauffer, Philip; Jordan, Amy B.; Pawar, Rajesh

2014-03-07T23:59:59.000Z

194

Chemical phenomena in solid-state voltammetry in polymer solvents  

SciTech Connect

This paper, aimed at delineating significant chemical effects in solid-state voltammetry, describes electrochemical oxidations and reductions of electroactive monomer solutes dissolved in and diffusing through rigid and semirigid polymer electrolyte solvents. Sorption of organic monomer vapors into poly(ethylene oxide) films yields polymer solvents whose chemistry is dominated by that of the sorbed monomer as shown by coordination and precipitation effects. The dynamics of plasticization-induced changes in transport rates are quite rapid. Physical diffusion in the polymer solvent in slow enough that electron hopping reactions measurably enhance charge transport rates; the effect was used to estimate a lower limit for the (Co(bpy)/sub 3/)/sup 2+/+/ self-exchange rate constant of 2 /times/ 10/sup 9/ M/sup /minus/1/ s/sup /minus/1/. It is possible to erect polymeric film transport barriers at the electrode/polymer solvent interface and to measure the rate of permeation of monomer complexes from the polymer solvent into the polymer transport barrier film. Polymeric films of Os and Ru polypyridine complexes can be electropolymerized from polymer solutions of the corresponding monomers. Solid-state voltammetry can be extended to other polymer solvents including sulfonated polystyrene, poly(vinyl chloride), Nafion, and poly(acrylamide) gel.

Geng, L.; Reed, R.A.; Kim, M.H.; Wooster, T.T.; Oliver, B.N.; Egekeze, J.; Kennedy, R.T.; Jorgenson, J.W.; Parcher, J.F.; Murray, R.W.

1989-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

195

Solid-State Lighting: 2007 Solid-State Lighting Workshop Materials  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

2007 Solid-State Lighting 2007 Solid-State Lighting Workshop Materials to someone by E-mail Share Solid-State Lighting: 2007 Solid-State Lighting Workshop Materials on Facebook Tweet about Solid-State Lighting: 2007 Solid-State Lighting Workshop Materials on Twitter Bookmark Solid-State Lighting: 2007 Solid-State Lighting Workshop Materials on Google Bookmark Solid-State Lighting: 2007 Solid-State Lighting Workshop Materials on Delicious Rank Solid-State Lighting: 2007 Solid-State Lighting Workshop Materials on Digg Find More places to share Solid-State Lighting: 2007 Solid-State Lighting Workshop Materials on AddThis.com... Conferences & Meetings Past Conferences Presentations Publications Webcasts Videos Tools 2007 Solid-State Lighting Workshop Materials This page provides links to the presentations given at the DOE Solid-State

196

Solid-State Lighting: 2006 Solid-State Lighting Workshop Materials  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

2006 Solid-State Lighting 2006 Solid-State Lighting Workshop Materials to someone by E-mail Share Solid-State Lighting: 2006 Solid-State Lighting Workshop Materials on Facebook Tweet about Solid-State Lighting: 2006 Solid-State Lighting Workshop Materials on Twitter Bookmark Solid-State Lighting: 2006 Solid-State Lighting Workshop Materials on Google Bookmark Solid-State Lighting: 2006 Solid-State Lighting Workshop Materials on Delicious Rank Solid-State Lighting: 2006 Solid-State Lighting Workshop Materials on Digg Find More places to share Solid-State Lighting: 2006 Solid-State Lighting Workshop Materials on AddThis.com... Conferences & Meetings Past Conferences Presentations Publications Webcasts Videos Tools 2006 Solid-State Lighting Workshop Materials This page provides links to the presentations given at the DOE Solid-State

197

Solid-State Lighting: 2012 DOE Solid-State Lighting Market Introduction  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Program » Solid-State Lighting » Program » Solid-State Lighting » Information Resources Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to Solid-State Lighting: 2012 DOE Solid-State Lighting Market Introduction Workshop to someone by E-mail Share Solid-State Lighting: 2012 DOE Solid-State Lighting Market Introduction Workshop on Facebook Tweet about Solid-State Lighting: 2012 DOE Solid-State Lighting Market Introduction Workshop on Twitter Bookmark Solid-State Lighting: 2012 DOE Solid-State Lighting Market Introduction Workshop on Google Bookmark Solid-State Lighting: 2012 DOE Solid-State Lighting Market Introduction Workshop on Delicious Rank Solid-State Lighting: 2012 DOE Solid-State Lighting Market Introduction Workshop on Digg Find More places to share Solid-State Lighting: 2012 DOE Solid-State

198

A preliminary evaluation model for reservoir hydrocarbon-generating potential established based on dissolved hydrocarbons in oilfield water  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A large number of oilfield water samples were analyzed in this work. Research ... relationship between the concentrations and distribution of dissolved hydrocarbons suggested that the contents and composition of ...

Hongjing Zhao; Weilin Sun; Baotian He; Bowen Mei

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

199

The effect of mean cell residence time on the adsorbability of dissolved organic compounds found in petrochemical wastewaters  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

THF EFFECT OF MEAN CELL RESIDENCE TIME ON THE ADSORBABILITY OF DISSOLVED ORGANIC COMPOUNDS FOUND IN PETROCHEMICAL WASTEWATERS A Thesis by TIMOTHY LURING JOHNSON Submitted to the Graduate College of Texas A&M University ir, Partia. fulfillment... of the requirement for the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE August 1979 Major Subject: Civil Engineering THE EFFECT OF MEAN CELL RESIDENCE TIME ON THE ADSORBABILITY OF DISSOLVED ORGANIC COMPOUNDS FOUND IN PETROCHEMICAL WASTENATERS A Thesis by TIMOTHY LORING...

Johnson, Timothy Loring

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

200

Coordination Chemistry in the Solid State  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...February 1996 research-article Coordination Chemistry in the Solid State Peter G. Bruce Salts...form a vital bridge between coordination chemistry in solution and more classical solid-state chemistry. The solid coordination compounds are...

1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "dissolved solids tds" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


201

Nanostructured Solid Oxide Fuel Cell Electrodes  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

post-Doping of Solid Oxide Fuel Cell Cathodes,? P.h.D.and V. I. Birss, in Solid Oxide Fuel Cells (SOFC IX), S. C.Nanostructured Solid Oxide Fuel Cell Electrodes By Tal Zvi

Sholklapper, Tal Zvi

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

202

Stiffening solids with liquid inclusions  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

From bone and wood to concrete and carbon fibre, composites are ubiquitous natural and engineering materials. Eshelby's inclusion theory describes how macroscopic stress fields couple to isolated microscopic inclusions, allowing prediction of a composite's bulk mechanical properties from a knowledge of its microstructure. It has been extended to describe a wide variety of phenomena from solid fracture to cell adhesion. Here, we show experimentally and theoretically that Eshelby's theory breaks down for small liquid inclusions in a soft solid. In this limit, an isolated droplet's deformation is strongly size-dependent with the smallest droplets mimicking the behaviour of solid inclusions. Furthermore, in opposition to the predictions of conventional composite theory, we find that finite concentrations of small liquid inclusions enhance the stiffness of soft solids. A straight-forward extension of Eshelby's theory, accounting for the surface tension of the solid-liquid interface, explains our experimental observations. The counterintuitive effect of liquid-stiffening of solids is expected whenever droplet radii are smaller than an elastocapillary length, given by the ratio of the surface tension to Young's modulus of the solid matrix.

Robert W. Style; Rostislav Boltyanskiy; Benjamin Allen; Katharine E. Jensen; Henry P. Foote; John S. Wettlaufer; Eric R. Dufresne

2014-07-24T23:59:59.000Z

203

ELSEVIER Solid State Ionics 94 (1997) 17-25 Ceramic solid electrolytes  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

ELSEVIER Solid State Ionics 94 (1997) 17-25 SOLID STATE IoMcs Ceramic solid electrolytes John B electrolytes are best suited for solid reactants, as are found in most battery systems. Ceramic solid 78712-106.3. USA Abstract Strategies for the design of ceramic solid electrolytes are reviewed. Problems

Gleixner, Stacy

204

Solid Waste Regulation No. 8 - Solid Waste Composting Facilities (Rhode  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Regulation No. 8 - Solid Waste Composting Facilities Regulation No. 8 - Solid Waste Composting Facilities (Rhode Island) Solid Waste Regulation No. 8 - Solid Waste Composting Facilities (Rhode Island) < Back Eligibility Commercial Industrial Investor-Owned Utility Municipal/Public Utility Rural Electric Cooperative Utility Program Info State Rhode Island Program Type Environmental Regulations Provider Department of Environmental Management Facilities which compost putrescible waste and/or leaf and yard waste are subject to these regulations. The regulations establish permitting, registration, and operational requirements for composting facilities. Operational requirements for putrescible waste facilities include siting, distance, and buffer requirements, as well as standards for avoiding harm to endangered species and contamination of air and water sources. Specific

205

Modulation of dissolved oxygen levels in a hypertidal estuary by sediment resuspension  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Hyperconcentrated benthic layers, which form during neap tides, recruit much of the fine sediment population of the turbidity maximum of a hypertidal estuary. Measurements of tidal amplitude and suspended solids ...

W. R. Parker; L. D. Marshall; A. J. Parfitt

1994-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

206

Solid-State Lighting: 2011 Solid-State Lighting R&D Workshop Materials  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

11 Solid-State Lighting R&D 11 Solid-State Lighting R&D Workshop Materials to someone by E-mail Share Solid-State Lighting: 2011 Solid-State Lighting R&D Workshop Materials on Facebook Tweet about Solid-State Lighting: 2011 Solid-State Lighting R&D Workshop Materials on Twitter Bookmark Solid-State Lighting: 2011 Solid-State Lighting R&D Workshop Materials on Google Bookmark Solid-State Lighting: 2011 Solid-State Lighting R&D Workshop Materials on Delicious Rank Solid-State Lighting: 2011 Solid-State Lighting R&D Workshop Materials on Digg Find More places to share Solid-State Lighting: 2011 Solid-State Lighting R&D Workshop Materials on AddThis.com... Conferences & Meetings Past Conferences Presentations Publications Webcasts Videos Tools 2011 Solid-State Lighting R&D Workshop Materials

207

Solid-State Lighting: DOE Solid-State Lighting Manufacturing Workshop  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

DOE Solid-State Lighting DOE Solid-State Lighting Manufacturing Workshop to someone by E-mail Share Solid-State Lighting: DOE Solid-State Lighting Manufacturing Workshop on Facebook Tweet about Solid-State Lighting: DOE Solid-State Lighting Manufacturing Workshop on Twitter Bookmark Solid-State Lighting: DOE Solid-State Lighting Manufacturing Workshop on Google Bookmark Solid-State Lighting: DOE Solid-State Lighting Manufacturing Workshop on Delicious Rank Solid-State Lighting: DOE Solid-State Lighting Manufacturing Workshop on Digg Find More places to share Solid-State Lighting: DOE Solid-State Lighting Manufacturing Workshop on AddThis.com... Conferences & Meetings Past Conferences Presentations Publications Webcasts Videos Tools DOE Solid-State Lighting Manufacturing Workshop This page provides links to the presentations given at the 2009 DOE

208

Solid-State Lighting: 2010 Solid-State Lighting Workshop Materials  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

2010 Solid-State Lighting 2010 Solid-State Lighting Workshop Materials to someone by E-mail Share Solid-State Lighting: 2010 Solid-State Lighting Workshop Materials on Facebook Tweet about Solid-State Lighting: 2010 Solid-State Lighting Workshop Materials on Twitter Bookmark Solid-State Lighting: 2010 Solid-State Lighting Workshop Materials on Google Bookmark Solid-State Lighting: 2010 Solid-State Lighting Workshop Materials on Delicious Rank Solid-State Lighting: 2010 Solid-State Lighting Workshop Materials on Digg Find More places to share Solid-State Lighting: 2010 Solid-State Lighting Workshop Materials on AddThis.com... Conferences & Meetings Presentations Publications Webcasts Videos Tools 2010 Solid-State Lighting Workshop Materials This page provides links to the presentations given at the Transformations

209

Solid-State Lighting: 2009 Solid-State Lighting Workshop Materials  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

2009 Solid-State Lighting 2009 Solid-State Lighting Workshop Materials to someone by E-mail Share Solid-State Lighting: 2009 Solid-State Lighting Workshop Materials on Facebook Tweet about Solid-State Lighting: 2009 Solid-State Lighting Workshop Materials on Twitter Bookmark Solid-State Lighting: 2009 Solid-State Lighting Workshop Materials on Google Bookmark Solid-State Lighting: 2009 Solid-State Lighting Workshop Materials on Delicious Rank Solid-State Lighting: 2009 Solid-State Lighting Workshop Materials on Digg Find More places to share Solid-State Lighting: 2009 Solid-State Lighting Workshop Materials on AddThis.com... Conferences & Meetings Past Conferences Presentations Publications Webcasts Videos Tools 2009 Solid-State Lighting Workshop Materials This page provides links to the presentations given at the Transformations

210

Solid-State Lighting: 2008 Solid-State Lighting Workshop Materials  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

08 Solid-State Lighting 08 Solid-State Lighting Workshop Materials to someone by E-mail Share Solid-State Lighting: 2008 Solid-State Lighting Workshop Materials on Facebook Tweet about Solid-State Lighting: 2008 Solid-State Lighting Workshop Materials on Twitter Bookmark Solid-State Lighting: 2008 Solid-State Lighting Workshop Materials on Google Bookmark Solid-State Lighting: 2008 Solid-State Lighting Workshop Materials on Delicious Rank Solid-State Lighting: 2008 Solid-State Lighting Workshop Materials on Digg Find More places to share Solid-State Lighting: 2008 Solid-State Lighting Workshop Materials on AddThis.com... Conferences & Meetings Past Conferences Presentations Publications Webcasts Videos Tools 2008 Solid-State Lighting Workshop Materials This page provides links to the presentations given at the Transformations

211

Solid-State Lighting: 2014 DOE Solid-State Lighting R&D Workshop  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

2014 DOE Solid-State Lighting 2014 DOE Solid-State Lighting R&D Workshop to someone by E-mail Share Solid-State Lighting: 2014 DOE Solid-State Lighting R&D Workshop on Facebook Tweet about Solid-State Lighting: 2014 DOE Solid-State Lighting R&D Workshop on Twitter Bookmark Solid-State Lighting: 2014 DOE Solid-State Lighting R&D Workshop on Google Bookmark Solid-State Lighting: 2014 DOE Solid-State Lighting R&D Workshop on Delicious Rank Solid-State Lighting: 2014 DOE Solid-State Lighting R&D Workshop on Digg Find More places to share Solid-State Lighting: 2014 DOE Solid-State Lighting R&D Workshop on AddThis.com... Conferences & Meetings Past Conferences Presentations Publications Webcasts Videos Tools 2014 DOE Solid-State Lighting R&D Workshop logo for Next Generation Lighting Industry Alliance

212

Solid-State Lighting: ENERGY STAR® Solid-State Lighting Workshop  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

ENERGY STAR® Solid-State ENERGY STAR® Solid-State Lighting Workshop to someone by E-mail Share Solid-State Lighting: ENERGY STAR® Solid-State Lighting Workshop on Facebook Tweet about Solid-State Lighting: ENERGY STAR® Solid-State Lighting Workshop on Twitter Bookmark Solid-State Lighting: ENERGY STAR® Solid-State Lighting Workshop on Google Bookmark Solid-State Lighting: ENERGY STAR® Solid-State Lighting Workshop on Delicious Rank Solid-State Lighting: ENERGY STAR® Solid-State Lighting Workshop on Digg Find More places to share Solid-State Lighting: ENERGY STAR® Solid-State Lighting Workshop on AddThis.com... Conferences & Meetings Past Conferences Presentations Publications Webcasts Videos Tools ENERGY STAR® Solid-State Lighting Workshop Workshop Purpose: To prepare manufacturers for the launch of the ENERGY

213

Solid-State Lighting: Financial Opportunities  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Financial Financial Opportunities Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to Solid-State Lighting: Financial Opportunities to someone by E-mail Share Solid-State Lighting: Financial Opportunities on Facebook Tweet about Solid-State Lighting: Financial Opportunities on Twitter Bookmark Solid-State Lighting: Financial Opportunities on Google Bookmark Solid-State Lighting: Financial Opportunities on Delicious Rank Solid-State Lighting: Financial Opportunities on Digg Find More places to share Solid-State Lighting: Financial Opportunities on AddThis.com... Current Opportunities DOE Selections Related Opportunities Financial Opportunities DOE financial opportunities for solid-state lighting (SSL) include competitive solicitations, grants, and other federal funding mechanisms to

214

low-solids oil emulsion (drilling) mud  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

low-solids oil emulsion (drilling) mud, low-solids oil-in-water (drilling) mud ? l-in-Wasser-(Bohr)...m, (f) mit geringem Feststoffanteil

2014-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

215

Sandia National Laboratories: Solid-State Lighting  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Efficiency, Events, News & Events, Solid-State Lighting The Solid-State Lighting Science (SSLS) Energy Frontier Research Center (EFRC) Director, Dr. Michael E. Coltrin,...

216

Municipal Solid Waste | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Waste Jump to: navigation, search TODO: Add description List of Municipal Solid Waste Incentives Retrieved from "http:en.openei.orgwindex.php?titleMunicipalSolidWaste&oldid...

217

100 MHz NMR Thorium (Solids) | EMSL  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

100 MHz NMR Thorium (Solids) 100 MHz NMR Thorium (Solids) Research applications Samples containing paramagnetics Soils (SOM and NOM) Metal oxide materials for catalysis...

218

Modeling the downstream improvements in dissolved oxygen from aeration of Cherokee and Douglas releases  

SciTech Connect

This report is an evaluation of downstream improvements in dissolved oxygen (DO) which can be anticipated as a result of different levels of aeration at Cherokee and Douglas Dams. The report describes (a) field studies undertaken to describe late summer conditions for model calibration and verification; (b) development and calibration of unsteady flow and water quality models for the tailwater reaches from Cherokee and Douglas Dams to the Holston and French Broad River confluence at the head of Fort Loudoun Reservoir; and (c) model predictions of DO in the tailwater reaches and at their confluence (after mixing) with and without aeration. 7 refs., 47 figs., 4 tabs.

Hauser, G.E.; Beard, L.M.; Brown, R.T.; McKinnon, M.K.

1983-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

219

In Situ Bioreduction of Uranium (VI) to Submicromolar Levels and Reoxidation by Dissolved Oxygen  

SciTech Connect

Groundwater within Area 3 of the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Environmental Remediation Sciences Program (ERSP) Field Research Center at Oak Ridge, TN (ORFRC) contains up to 135 {micro}M uranium as U(VI). Through a series of experiments at a pilot scale test facility, we explored the lower limits of groundwater U(VI) that can be achieved by in-situ biostimulation and the effects of dissolved oxygen on immobilized uranium. Weekly 2 day additions of ethanol over a 2-year period stimulated growth of denitrifying, Fe(III)-reducing, and sulfate-reducing bacteria, and immobilization of uranium as U(IV), with dissolved uranium concentrations decreasing to low levels. Following sulfite addition to remove dissolved oxygen, aqueous U(VI) concentrations fell below the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency maximum contaminant limit (MCL) for drinking water (<30 {micro}g L{sup -1} or 0.126 {micro}M). Under anaerobic conditions, these low concentrations were stable, even in the absence of added ethanol. However, when sulfite additions stopped, and dissolved oxygen (4.0-5.5 mg L{sup -1}) entered the injection well, spatially variable changes in aqueous U(VI) occurred over a 60 day period, with concentrations increasing rapidly from <0.13 to 2.0 {micro}M at a multilevel sampling (MLS) well located close to the injection well, but changing little at an MLS well located further away. Resumption of ethanol addition restored reduction of Fe(III), sulfate, and U(VI) within 36 h. After 2 years of ethanol addition, X-ray absorption near-edge structure spectroscopy (XANES) analyses indicated that U(IV) comprised 60-80% of the total uranium in sediment samples. At the completion of the project (day 1260), U concentrations in MLS wells were less than 0.1 {micro}M. The microbial community at MLS wells with low U(VI) contained bacteria that are known to reduce uranium, including Desulfovibrio spp. and Geobacter spp., in both sediment and groundwater. The dominant Fe(III)-reducing species were Geothrix spp.

Wu, Weimin [ORNL; Carley, Jack M [ORNL; Luo, Jian [Stanford University; Ginder-Vogel, Matthew A. [Stanford University; Cardenas, Erick [Michigan State University, East Lansing; Leigh, Mary Beth [Michigan State University, East Lansing; Hwang, Chaichi [Miami University, Oxford, OH; Kelly, Shelly D [Argonne National Laboratory (ANL); Ruan, Chuanmin [ORNL; Wu, Liyou [University of Oklahoma, Norman; Van Nostrand, Joy [University of Oklahoma, Norman; Gentry, Terry J [ORNL; Lowe, Kenneth Alan [ORNL; Mehlhorn, Tonia L [ORNL; Carroll, Sue L [ORNL; Luo, Wensui [ORNL; Fields, Matthew Wayne [Miami University, Oxford, OH; Gu, Baohua [ORNL; Watson, David B [ORNL; Kemner, Kenneth M [Argonne National Laboratory (ANL); Marsh, Terence [Michigan State University, East Lansing; Tiedje, James [Michigan State University, East Lansing; Zhou, Jizhong [University of Oklahoma, Norman; Fendorf, Scott [Stanford University; Kitanidis, Peter K. [Stanford University; Jardine, Philip M [ORNL; Criddle, Craig [ORNL

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

220

Effects of CO2-Induced Seawater Acidification on Microbial Processes Involving Dissolved Organic Matter  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract We used laboratory experiments covering a wide range of carbon dioxide (CO2) induced seawater acidification to simulate ocean CO2 storage and assess the potential effects on heterotrophic microbial processes associated with labile dissolved organic matter (DOM). There was no noticeable effect of increased CO2 concentration on short-term decomposition of labile DOM or nutrient uptake. However, microbial activities producing new DOM were apparently enhanced under treatments with 2000 or 5000ppm CO2. Under these conditions, production of aggregates was inhibited in early stage. Both of acute and chronic effects should be included for assessment of biogeochemical cycle related to microbe process.

Namiha Yamada; Nobuo Tsurushima; Masahiro Suzumura

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "dissolved solids tds" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


221

Solid Waste Management Rules (Vermont)  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

These rules establish procedures and standards to protect public health and the environment by ensuring the safe, proper, and sustainable management of solid waste in Vermont. The rules apply to...

222

Solid Solubility in Laser Cladding  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Laser cladding techniques have recently enjoyed attention in preparing ... solid solution formed due to rapid cooling in laser cladding. This model considers a diffusion mechanism for ... one-dimensional semi-inf...

J. Mazumder; A. Kar

1987-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

223

Solid-State Lighting Webcasts  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Below you'll find links to information about past webcast presentations related to solid-state lighting, including presentation slides and question-and-answer sessions, where available.

224

The Combustion of Solid Biomass  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The combustion of solid biomass is covered in this chapter. This covers the general mechanism of combustion, moisture evaporation, devolatilisation, the combustion of the volatiles gases and tars and finally char...

Jenny M. Jones; Amanda R. Lea-Langton

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

225

Desalination of brackish waters using ion-exchange media  

SciTech Connect

An environmentally friendly method and materials study for desalinating inland brackish waters (i.e., coal bed methane produced waters) using a set of ion-exchange materials is presented. This desalination process effectively removes anions and cations in separate steps with minimal caustic waste generation. The anion-exchange material, hydrotalcite (HTC), exhibits an ion-exchange capacity (IEC) of around 3 mequiv g{sup -1}. The cation-exchange material, an amorphous aluminosilicate permutite-like material, (Na{sub x}+2yAl{sub x}Si{sub 1}-xO{sub 2+y}), has an IEC of around to 2.5 mequiv g{sup -1}. These ion-exchange materials were studied and optimized because of their specific ion-exchange capacity for the ions of interest and their ability to function in the temperature and pH regions necessary for cost and energy effectiveness. Room temperature, minimum pressure column studies (once-pass through) on simulant brackish water (total dissolved solids (TDS) = 2222 ppm) resulted in water containing TDS = 25 ppm. A second once-pass through column study on actual produced water (TDS = similar to 11 000) with a high carbonate concentration used an additional lime softening step and resulted in a decreased TDS of 600 ppm.

Pless, J.D.; Philips, M.L.F.; Voigt, J.A.; Moore, D.; Axness, M.; Krumhansl, J.L.; Nenoff, T.M. [Sandia National Labs., Albuquerque, NM (United States)

2006-06-21T23:59:59.000Z

226

Desalination of brackish waters using ion exchange media.  

SciTech Connect

An environmentally friendly method and materials study for desalinating inland brackish waters (i.e., coal bed methane produced waters) using a set of ion-exchange materials is presented. This desalination process effectively removes anions and cations in separate steps with minimal caustic waste generation. The anion-exchange material, hydrotalcite (HTC), exhibits an ion-exchange capacity (IEC) of {approx} 3 mequiv g{sup -1}. The cation-exchange material, an amorphous aluminosilicate permutite-like material, (Na{sub x+2y}Al{sub x}Si{sub 1-x}O{sub 2+y}), has an IEC of {approx}2.5 mequiv g{sup -1}. These ion-exchange materials were studied and optimized because of their specific ion-exchange capacity for the ions of interest and their ability to function in the temperature and pH regions necessary for cost and energy effectiveness. Room temperature, minimum pressure column studies (once-pass through) on simulant brackish water (total dissolved solids (TDS) = 2222 ppm) resulted in water containing TDS = 25 ppm. A second once-pass through column study on actual produced water (TDS = {approx}11,000) with a high carbonate concentration used an additional lime softening step and resulted in a decreased TDS of 600 ppm.

Pless, Jason D.; Krumhansl, James Lee; Nenoff, Tina Maria; Voigt, James A.; Phillips, Mark L. F.; Axness, Marlene; Moore, Diana Lynn

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

227

Solid State Photovoltaic Research Branch  

SciTech Connect

This report summarizes the progress of the Solid State Photovoltaic Research Branch of the Solar Energy Research Institute (SERI) from October 1, 1988, through September 30,l 1989. Six technical sections of the report cover these main areas of SERIs in-house research: Semiconductor Crystal Growth, Amorphous Silicon Research, Polycrystalline Thin Films, III-V High-Efficiency Photovoltaic Cells, Solid-State Theory, and Laser Raman and Luminescence Spectroscopy. Sections have been indexed separately for inclusion on the data base.

Not Available

1990-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

228

Solid-State Lighting: The Seventh Annual DOE Solid-State Lighting Market  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Office » Solid-State Lighting » Information Office » Solid-State Lighting » Information Resources Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to Solid-State Lighting: The Seventh Annual DOE Solid-State Lighting Market Introduction Workshop to someone by E-mail Share Solid-State Lighting: The Seventh Annual DOE Solid-State Lighting Market Introduction Workshop on Facebook Tweet about Solid-State Lighting: The Seventh Annual DOE Solid-State Lighting Market Introduction Workshop on Twitter Bookmark Solid-State Lighting: The Seventh Annual DOE Solid-State Lighting Market Introduction Workshop on Google Bookmark Solid-State Lighting: The Seventh Annual DOE Solid-State Lighting Market Introduction Workshop on Delicious Rank Solid-State Lighting: The Seventh Annual DOE Solid-State Lighting Market Introduction Workshop on Digg

229

Solid-State Lighting: 2011 Solid-State Lighting Market Introduction  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

2011 Solid-State Lighting 2011 Solid-State Lighting Market Introduction Workshop Materials to someone by E-mail Share Solid-State Lighting: 2011 Solid-State Lighting Market Introduction Workshop Materials on Facebook Tweet about Solid-State Lighting: 2011 Solid-State Lighting Market Introduction Workshop Materials on Twitter Bookmark Solid-State Lighting: 2011 Solid-State Lighting Market Introduction Workshop Materials on Google Bookmark Solid-State Lighting: 2011 Solid-State Lighting Market Introduction Workshop Materials on Delicious Rank Solid-State Lighting: 2011 Solid-State Lighting Market Introduction Workshop Materials on Digg Find More places to share Solid-State Lighting: 2011 Solid-State Lighting Market Introduction Workshop Materials on AddThis.com... Conferences & Meetings

230

Solid-State Lighting: Solid-State Lighting GATEWAY Demonstration Results  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Solid-State Lighting GATEWAY Solid-State Lighting GATEWAY Demonstration Results to someone by E-mail Share Solid-State Lighting: Solid-State Lighting GATEWAY Demonstration Results on Facebook Tweet about Solid-State Lighting: Solid-State Lighting GATEWAY Demonstration Results on Twitter Bookmark Solid-State Lighting: Solid-State Lighting GATEWAY Demonstration Results on Google Bookmark Solid-State Lighting: Solid-State Lighting GATEWAY Demonstration Results on Delicious Rank Solid-State Lighting: Solid-State Lighting GATEWAY Demonstration Results on Digg Find More places to share Solid-State Lighting: Solid-State Lighting GATEWAY Demonstration Results on AddThis.com... LED Lighting Facts CALiPER Program Standards Development Technical Information Network Gateway Demonstrations FAQs Results

231

Solid-State Lighting: July 2008 Solid-State Lighting Market Introduction  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

July 2008 Solid-State Lighting July 2008 Solid-State Lighting Market Introduction Workshop Materials to someone by E-mail Share Solid-State Lighting: July 2008 Solid-State Lighting Market Introduction Workshop Materials on Facebook Tweet about Solid-State Lighting: July 2008 Solid-State Lighting Market Introduction Workshop Materials on Twitter Bookmark Solid-State Lighting: July 2008 Solid-State Lighting Market Introduction Workshop Materials on Google Bookmark Solid-State Lighting: July 2008 Solid-State Lighting Market Introduction Workshop Materials on Delicious Rank Solid-State Lighting: July 2008 Solid-State Lighting Market Introduction Workshop Materials on Digg Find More places to share Solid-State Lighting: July 2008 Solid-State Lighting Market Introduction Workshop Materials on

232

Solid-State Lighting: 2012 Solid-State Lighting R&D Workshop Presentations  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

2012 Solid-State Lighting R&D 2012 Solid-State Lighting R&D Workshop Presentations and Materials to someone by E-mail Share Solid-State Lighting: 2012 Solid-State Lighting R&D Workshop Presentations and Materials on Facebook Tweet about Solid-State Lighting: 2012 Solid-State Lighting R&D Workshop Presentations and Materials on Twitter Bookmark Solid-State Lighting: 2012 Solid-State Lighting R&D Workshop Presentations and Materials on Google Bookmark Solid-State Lighting: 2012 Solid-State Lighting R&D Workshop Presentations and Materials on Delicious Rank Solid-State Lighting: 2012 Solid-State Lighting R&D Workshop Presentations and Materials on Digg Find More places to share Solid-State Lighting: 2012 Solid-State Lighting R&D Workshop Presentations and Materials on AddThis.com...

233

Solid-State Lighting: 2012 Solid-State Lighting Market Introduction  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Office » Solid-State Lighting » Information Office » Solid-State Lighting » Information Resources Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to Solid-State Lighting: 2012 Solid-State Lighting Market Introduction Workshop Presentations and Materials to someone by E-mail Share Solid-State Lighting: 2012 Solid-State Lighting Market Introduction Workshop Presentations and Materials on Facebook Tweet about Solid-State Lighting: 2012 Solid-State Lighting Market Introduction Workshop Presentations and Materials on Twitter Bookmark Solid-State Lighting: 2012 Solid-State Lighting Market Introduction Workshop Presentations and Materials on Google Bookmark Solid-State Lighting: 2012 Solid-State Lighting Market Introduction Workshop Presentations and Materials on Delicious Rank Solid-State Lighting: 2012 Solid-State Lighting Market

234

Solid-State Lighting: DOE Municipal Solid-State Street Lighting Consortium  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Market-Based Programs Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to Solid-State Lighting: DOE Municipal Solid-State Street Lighting Consortium to someone by E-mail Share Solid-State Lighting: DOE Municipal Solid-State Street Lighting Consortium on Facebook Tweet about Solid-State Lighting: DOE Municipal Solid-State Street Lighting Consortium on Twitter Bookmark Solid-State Lighting: DOE Municipal Solid-State Street Lighting Consortium on Google Bookmark Solid-State Lighting: DOE Municipal Solid-State Street Lighting Consortium on Delicious Rank Solid-State Lighting: DOE Municipal Solid-State Street Lighting Consortium on Digg Find More places to share Solid-State Lighting: DOE Municipal Solid-State Street Lighting Consortium on AddThis.com... LED Lighting Facts

235

Solid-State Lighting: DOE Hosts Solid-State Lighting Commercial Product  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

DOE Hosts Solid-State Lighting DOE Hosts Solid-State Lighting Commercial Product Testing Program Workshop to someone by E-mail Share Solid-State Lighting: DOE Hosts Solid-State Lighting Commercial Product Testing Program Workshop on Facebook Tweet about Solid-State Lighting: DOE Hosts Solid-State Lighting Commercial Product Testing Program Workshop on Twitter Bookmark Solid-State Lighting: DOE Hosts Solid-State Lighting Commercial Product Testing Program Workshop on Google Bookmark Solid-State Lighting: DOE Hosts Solid-State Lighting Commercial Product Testing Program Workshop on Delicious Rank Solid-State Lighting: DOE Hosts Solid-State Lighting Commercial Product Testing Program Workshop on Digg Find More places to share Solid-State Lighting: DOE Hosts Solid-State Lighting Commercial Product Testing Program Workshop on

236

Solid-State Lighting: 2013 Solid-State Lighting R&D Workshop Presentations  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

2013 Solid-State Lighting R&D 2013 Solid-State Lighting R&D Workshop Presentations and Materials to someone by E-mail Share Solid-State Lighting: 2013 Solid-State Lighting R&D Workshop Presentations and Materials on Facebook Tweet about Solid-State Lighting: 2013 Solid-State Lighting R&D Workshop Presentations and Materials on Twitter Bookmark Solid-State Lighting: 2013 Solid-State Lighting R&D Workshop Presentations and Materials on Google Bookmark Solid-State Lighting: 2013 Solid-State Lighting R&D Workshop Presentations and Materials on Delicious Rank Solid-State Lighting: 2013 Solid-State Lighting R&D Workshop Presentations and Materials on Digg Find More places to share Solid-State Lighting: 2013 Solid-State Lighting R&D Workshop Presentations and Materials on AddThis.com...

237

Solid-State Lighting: Text-Alternative Version: Municipal Solid-State  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Municipal Solid-State Street Lighting Consortium Kickoff to someone by Municipal Solid-State Street Lighting Consortium Kickoff to someone by E-mail Share Solid-State Lighting: Text-Alternative Version: Municipal Solid-State Street Lighting Consortium Kickoff on Facebook Tweet about Solid-State Lighting: Text-Alternative Version: Municipal Solid-State Street Lighting Consortium Kickoff on Twitter Bookmark Solid-State Lighting: Text-Alternative Version: Municipal Solid-State Street Lighting Consortium Kickoff on Google Bookmark Solid-State Lighting: Text-Alternative Version: Municipal Solid-State Street Lighting Consortium Kickoff on Delicious Rank Solid-State Lighting: Text-Alternative Version: Municipal Solid-State Street Lighting Consortium Kickoff on Digg Find More places to share Solid-State Lighting: Text-Alternative Version: Municipal Solid-State Street Lighting Consortium Kickoff on

238

Solid-State Lighting: 2011 Solid-State Lighting Manufacturing R&D Workshop  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

1 Solid-State Lighting 1 Solid-State Lighting Manufacturing R&D Workshop Materials to someone by E-mail Share Solid-State Lighting: 2011 Solid-State Lighting Manufacturing R&D Workshop Materials on Facebook Tweet about Solid-State Lighting: 2011 Solid-State Lighting Manufacturing R&D Workshop Materials on Twitter Bookmark Solid-State Lighting: 2011 Solid-State Lighting Manufacturing R&D Workshop Materials on Google Bookmark Solid-State Lighting: 2011 Solid-State Lighting Manufacturing R&D Workshop Materials on Delicious Rank Solid-State Lighting: 2011 Solid-State Lighting Manufacturing R&D Workshop Materials on Digg Find More places to share Solid-State Lighting: 2011 Solid-State Lighting Manufacturing R&D Workshop Materials on AddThis.com... Conferences & Meetings

239

Solid-State Lighting: Municipal Solid-State Street Lighting Consortium  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Municipal Solid-State Street Municipal Solid-State Street Lighting Consortium Kickoff Webcast to someone by E-mail Share Solid-State Lighting: Municipal Solid-State Street Lighting Consortium Kickoff Webcast on Facebook Tweet about Solid-State Lighting: Municipal Solid-State Street Lighting Consortium Kickoff Webcast on Twitter Bookmark Solid-State Lighting: Municipal Solid-State Street Lighting Consortium Kickoff Webcast on Google Bookmark Solid-State Lighting: Municipal Solid-State Street Lighting Consortium Kickoff Webcast on Delicious Rank Solid-State Lighting: Municipal Solid-State Street Lighting Consortium Kickoff Webcast on Digg Find More places to share Solid-State Lighting: Municipal Solid-State Street Lighting Consortium Kickoff Webcast on AddThis.com... Conferences & Meetings

240

Solid-State Lighting: April 2007 Solid-State Lighting Market Introduction  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

April 2007 Solid-State Lighting April 2007 Solid-State Lighting Market Introduction Workshop Materials to someone by E-mail Share Solid-State Lighting: April 2007 Solid-State Lighting Market Introduction Workshop Materials on Facebook Tweet about Solid-State Lighting: April 2007 Solid-State Lighting Market Introduction Workshop Materials on Twitter Bookmark Solid-State Lighting: April 2007 Solid-State Lighting Market Introduction Workshop Materials on Google Bookmark Solid-State Lighting: April 2007 Solid-State Lighting Market Introduction Workshop Materials on Delicious Rank Solid-State Lighting: April 2007 Solid-State Lighting Market Introduction Workshop Materials on Digg Find More places to share Solid-State Lighting: April 2007 Solid-State Lighting Market Introduction Workshop Materials on

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "dissolved solids tds" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


241

Solid-State Lighting: 2009 Solid-State Lighting Chicago Market Introduction  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Information Information Resources Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to Solid-State Lighting: 2009 Solid-State Lighting Chicago Market Introduction Workshop Materials to someone by E-mail Share Solid-State Lighting: 2009 Solid-State Lighting Chicago Market Introduction Workshop Materials on Facebook Tweet about Solid-State Lighting: 2009 Solid-State Lighting Chicago Market Introduction Workshop Materials on Twitter Bookmark Solid-State Lighting: 2009 Solid-State Lighting Chicago Market Introduction Workshop Materials on Google Bookmark Solid-State Lighting: 2009 Solid-State Lighting Chicago Market Introduction Workshop Materials on Delicious Rank Solid-State Lighting: 2009 Solid-State Lighting Chicago Market Introduction Workshop Materials on Digg Find More places to share Solid-State Lighting: 2009 Solid-State

242

Solid-State Lighting: 2013 Solid-State Lighting Market Introduction  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

2013 Solid-State Lighting 2013 Solid-State Lighting Market Introduction Workshop Presentations and Materials to someone by E-mail Share Solid-State Lighting: 2013 Solid-State Lighting Market Introduction Workshop Presentations and Materials on Facebook Tweet about Solid-State Lighting: 2013 Solid-State Lighting Market Introduction Workshop Presentations and Materials on Twitter Bookmark Solid-State Lighting: 2013 Solid-State Lighting Market Introduction Workshop Presentations and Materials on Google Bookmark Solid-State Lighting: 2013 Solid-State Lighting Market Introduction Workshop Presentations and Materials on Delicious Rank Solid-State Lighting: 2013 Solid-State Lighting Market Introduction Workshop Presentations and Materials on Digg Find More places to share Solid-State Lighting: 2013 Solid-State

243

Pressure, temperature, and dissolved gas dependence of dielectric breakdown in water.  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

It has been shown experimentally that the optical breakdown strength of water is a pressure dependent quantity growing with increasing pressure. The dependence of the breakdown strength on temperature and dissolved gas concentration over a larger range of pressures will be observed. Using a custom fabricated pressure vessel and high?power Nd:YAG laser breakdown events will be generated and observed over a range of pressures from 0 to 25 kpsi. Observations of breakdown events will be made using a high?speed photodetector located behind the pressure vessels optical windows. Dissolved gas concentration will be controlled and varied using a custom water preparation system over a range from waters vapor pressure (?20 torr) to atmospheric pressure.Temperature will be monitored using a thermocouple attached to the pressure vessel and the temperature dependence will be measured over a range from 20 to 35 C. A comparison between current single detector methods and previous imaging methods of using breakdown to determine absolute pressure will then be made. [Work supported by Impulse Devices Inc.

Jonathan Sukovich; R. Glynn Holt

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

244

Puget Sound Dissolved Oxygen Modeling Study: Development of an Intermediate-Scale Hydrodynamic Model  

SciTech Connect

The Washington State Department of Ecology contracted with Pacific Northwest National Laboratory to develop an intermediate-scale hydrodynamic and water quality model to study dissolved oxygen and nutrient dynamics in Puget Sound and to help define potential Puget Sound-wide nutrient management strategies and decisions. Specifically, the project is expected to help determine 1) if current and potential future nitrogen loadings from point and non-point sources are significantly impairing water quality at a large scale and 2) what level of nutrient reductions are necessary to reduce or dominate human impacts to dissolved oxygen levels in the sensitive areas. In this study, an intermediate-scale hydrodynamic model of Puget Sound was developed to simulate the hydrodynamics of Puget Sound and the Northwest Straits for the year 2006. The model was constructed using the unstructured Finite Volume Coastal Ocean Model. The overall model grid resolution within Puget Sound in its present configuration is about 880 m. The model was driven by tides, river inflows, and meteorological forcing (wind and net heat flux) and simulated tidal circulations, temperature, and salinity distributions in Puget Sound. The model was validated against observed data of water surface elevation, velocity, temperature, and salinity at various stations within the study domain. Model validation indicated that the model simulates tidal elevations and currents in Puget Sound well and reproduces the general patterns of the temperature and salinity distributions.

Yang, Zhaoqing; Khangaonkar, Tarang; Labiosa, Rochelle G.; Kim, Taeyun

2010-11-30T23:59:59.000Z

245

Water extraction kinetics of metals, arsenic and dissolved organic carbon from industrial contaminated poplar leaves  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract In industrial areas, tree leaves contaminated by metals and metalloids could constitute a secondary source of pollutants. In the present study, water extraction kinetics of inorganic elements (IE: Pb, Zn, Cd, As, Fe and Mn), dissolved organic carbon, pH and biological activity were studied for industrial contaminated poplar leaves. Moreover, the distribution of the IE through the size fractions of the associated top soil was measured. High quantities of Mn, Zn and As and polysaccharides were released in the solution from the strongly contaminated leaves. The kinetic of release varied with time and metal type. The solution pH decreased while dissolved organic contents increased with time after 30 days. Therefore, these contaminated leaves could constitute a source of more available organic metals and metalloids than the initial inorganic process particles. However, the distribution of the IE through the size fractions of the top soil suggested that a great part of the released IE was adsorbed, reducing in consequence their transfers and bioavailability. It's concluded that mobility/bioavailability and speciation of metals and metalloids released from the decomposition of polluted tree leaves depends on soil characteristics, pollutant type and litter composition, with consequences for environmental risk assessment.

Muhammad Shahid; Tiantian Xiong; Maryse Castrec-Rouelle; Tibo Leveque; Camille Dumat

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

246

REVERSIBLE SOLID OXIDE CELLS Mogens Mogensen1  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The reversibility of solid oxide fuel cells (SOFC), i.e. that they could also work in the solid oxide electrolyser1 REVERSIBLE SOLID OXIDE CELLS Mogens Mogensen1 , Søren Højgaard Jensen1,2 , Anne Hauch1,3 , Ib Chorkendorff2 and Torben Jacobsen3 1 Fuel Cell and Solid State Chemistry Department Risø National Laboratory

247

Solid Oxide Electrolysis Cells Performance and Durability  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Title: Solid Oxide Electrolysis Cells ­ Performance and Durability Department: Fuel Cells and SolidSolid Oxide Electrolysis Cells ­ Performance and Durability Anne Hauch Risø-PhD-37(EN) Risø : Images from transmission electron microscopy investigation of the H2 electrode for the solid oxide cell

248

Conversion of organic solids to hydrocarbons  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A method of converting organic solids to liquid and gaseous hydrocarbons includes impregnating an organic solid with photosensitizing ions and exposing the impregnated solid to light in a non-oxidizing atmosphere for a time sufficient to photocatalytically reduce the solid to at least one of a liquid and a gaseous hydrocarbon. 5 Figs.

Greenbaum, E.

1995-05-23T23:59:59.000Z

249

Solid Waste Management (Indiana) | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Solid Waste Management (Indiana) Solid Waste Management (Indiana) Solid Waste Management (Indiana) < Back Eligibility Agricultural Commercial Industrial Investor-Owned Utility Local Government Municipal/Public Utility Rural Electric Cooperative State/Provincial Govt Utility Program Info State Indiana Program Type Environmental Regulations Provider Association of Indiana Solid Wastes Districts Inc. The state supports the implementation of source reduction, recycling, and other alternative solid waste management practices over incineration and land disposal. The Indiana Department of Environmental Management and the Indiana Solid Waste Management Board are tasked with planning and adopting rules and regulations governing solid waste management practices. Provisions pertaining to landfill management and expansion, permitting,

250

Solid-State Lighting: The Second Annual DOE Solid-State Lighting  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

The Second Annual DOE The Second Annual DOE Solid-State Lighting Manufacturing R&D Workshop to someone by E-mail Share Solid-State Lighting: The Second Annual DOE Solid-State Lighting Manufacturing R&D Workshop on Facebook Tweet about Solid-State Lighting: The Second Annual DOE Solid-State Lighting Manufacturing R&D Workshop on Twitter Bookmark Solid-State Lighting: The Second Annual DOE Solid-State Lighting Manufacturing R&D Workshop on Google Bookmark Solid-State Lighting: The Second Annual DOE Solid-State Lighting Manufacturing R&D Workshop on Delicious Rank Solid-State Lighting: The Second Annual DOE Solid-State Lighting Manufacturing R&D Workshop on Digg Find More places to share Solid-State Lighting: The Second Annual DOE Solid-State Lighting Manufacturing R&D Workshop on AddThis.com...

251

Solid-State Lighting: Meeting Materials from 2003 Solid-State Lighting  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Meeting Materials from 2003 Meeting Materials from 2003 Solid-State Lighting Program Planning Workshop to someone by E-mail Share Solid-State Lighting: Meeting Materials from 2003 Solid-State Lighting Program Planning Workshop on Facebook Tweet about Solid-State Lighting: Meeting Materials from 2003 Solid-State Lighting Program Planning Workshop on Twitter Bookmark Solid-State Lighting: Meeting Materials from 2003 Solid-State Lighting Program Planning Workshop on Google Bookmark Solid-State Lighting: Meeting Materials from 2003 Solid-State Lighting Program Planning Workshop on Delicious Rank Solid-State Lighting: Meeting Materials from 2003 Solid-State Lighting Program Planning Workshop on Digg Find More places to share Solid-State Lighting: Meeting Materials from 2003 Solid-State Lighting Program Planning Workshop on AddThis.com...

252

Solid-State Lighting: The Sixth Annual DOE Solid-State Lighting Market  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

The Sixth Annual DOE The Sixth Annual DOE Solid-State Lighting Market Introduction Workshop to someone by E-mail Share Solid-State Lighting: The Sixth Annual DOE Solid-State Lighting Market Introduction Workshop on Facebook Tweet about Solid-State Lighting: The Sixth Annual DOE Solid-State Lighting Market Introduction Workshop on Twitter Bookmark Solid-State Lighting: The Sixth Annual DOE Solid-State Lighting Market Introduction Workshop on Google Bookmark Solid-State Lighting: The Sixth Annual DOE Solid-State Lighting Market Introduction Workshop on Delicious Rank Solid-State Lighting: The Sixth Annual DOE Solid-State Lighting Market Introduction Workshop on Digg Find More places to share Solid-State Lighting: The Sixth Annual DOE Solid-State Lighting Market Introduction Workshop on AddThis.com...

253

Solid-State Lighting: The Fifth Annual DOE Solid-State Lighting Market  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

The Fifth Annual DOE The Fifth Annual DOE Solid-State Lighting Market Introduction Workshop to someone by E-mail Share Solid-State Lighting: The Fifth Annual DOE Solid-State Lighting Market Introduction Workshop on Facebook Tweet about Solid-State Lighting: The Fifth Annual DOE Solid-State Lighting Market Introduction Workshop on Twitter Bookmark Solid-State Lighting: The Fifth Annual DOE Solid-State Lighting Market Introduction Workshop on Google Bookmark Solid-State Lighting: The Fifth Annual DOE Solid-State Lighting Market Introduction Workshop on Delicious Rank Solid-State Lighting: The Fifth Annual DOE Solid-State Lighting Market Introduction Workshop on Digg Find More places to share Solid-State Lighting: The Fifth Annual DOE Solid-State Lighting Market Introduction Workshop on AddThis.com...

254

Solid-State Lighting: The Eighth Annual DOE Solid-State Lighting Market  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

The Eighth Annual DOE The Eighth Annual DOE Solid-State Lighting Market Introduction Workshop to someone by E-mail Share Solid-State Lighting: The Eighth Annual DOE Solid-State Lighting Market Introduction Workshop on Facebook Tweet about Solid-State Lighting: The Eighth Annual DOE Solid-State Lighting Market Introduction Workshop on Twitter Bookmark Solid-State Lighting: The Eighth Annual DOE Solid-State Lighting Market Introduction Workshop on Google Bookmark Solid-State Lighting: The Eighth Annual DOE Solid-State Lighting Market Introduction Workshop on Delicious Rank Solid-State Lighting: The Eighth Annual DOE Solid-State Lighting Market Introduction Workshop on Digg Find More places to share Solid-State Lighting: The Eighth Annual DOE Solid-State Lighting Market Introduction Workshop on AddThis.com...

255

Solid oxide electrochemical reactor science.  

SciTech Connect

Solid-oxide electrochemical cells are an exciting new technology. Development of solid-oxide cells (SOCs) has advanced considerable in recent years and continues to progress rapidly. This thesis studies several aspects of SOCs and contributes useful information to their continued development. This LDRD involved a collaboration between Sandia and the Colorado School of Mines (CSM) ins solid-oxide electrochemical reactors targeted at solid oxide electrolyzer cells (SOEC), which are the reverse of solid-oxide fuel cells (SOFC). SOECs complement Sandia's efforts in thermochemical production of alternative fuels. An SOEC technology would co-electrolyze carbon dioxide (CO{sub 2}) with steam at temperatures around 800 C to form synthesis gas (H{sub 2} and CO), which forms the building blocks for a petrochemical substitutes that can be used to power vehicles or in distributed energy platforms. The effort described here concentrates on research concerning catalytic chemistry, charge-transfer chemistry, and optimal cell-architecture. technical scope included computational modeling, materials development, and experimental evaluation. The project engaged the Colorado Fuel Cell Center at CSM through the support of a graduate student (Connor Moyer) at CSM and his advisors (Profs. Robert Kee and Neal Sullivan) in collaboration with Sandia.

Sullivan, Neal P. (Colorado School of Mines, Golden, CO); Stechel, Ellen Beth; Moyer, Connor J. (Colorado School of Mines, Golden, CO); Ambrosini, Andrea; Key, Robert J. (Colorado School of Mines, Golden, CO)

2010-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

256

J.Org. Chem. 1989,54, 1157-1161 1157 nitrogen. The residual solid was then dissolved in 1mL of 0.2  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

the excess reagent (C5H5N-HzO, 1:1, was added as necessary to maintain a biphasic extraction). The aqueous Autilizingthe additionof the lithium acetylide of 1-methoxy-1-buten-3-yne to 4(R

257

Preparation and orientation of solid  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We have prepared solid 3He crystals under constant volume conditions and characterized them by neutron diffraction and transmission. The ultimate aim of the work was the preparation of samples suitable for neutron diffraction investigations of the antiferromagnetic nuclear ordering of solid 3He below 1mK. We describe results from different sample cells, and we have derived the relevant design parameters with respect to (a) the neutron signal and background requirements, (b) the requirements of experiments at ultra-low temperature and (c) the mechanical properties for work at high pressure. The techniques of the 3He crystal growth at pressure between 4 and 6MPa and at low temperature are described, together with a strategy for the crystal orientation and background reduction. As a result, large 3He single crystals of good quality were obtained. With such samples, neutron experiments on magnetic order in solid 3He at ultra-low temperature shift to the experimentally feasible regime.

V Boiko; S Matas; K Siemensmeyer

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

258

Standard practices for dissolving glass containing radioactive and mixed waste for chemical and radiochemical analysis  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

1.1 These practices cover techniques suitable for dissolving glass samples that may contain nuclear wastes. These techniques used together or independently will produce solutions that can be analyzed by inductively coupled plasma atomic emission spectroscopy (ICP-AES), inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry (ICP-MS), atomic absorption spectrometry (AAS), radiochemical methods and wet chemical techniques for major components, minor components and radionuclides. 1.2 One of the fusion practices and the microwave practice can be used in hot cells and shielded hoods after modification to meet local operational requirements. 1.3 The user of these practices must follow radiation protection guidelines in place for their specific laboratories. 1.4 Additional information relating to safety is included in the text. 1.5 The dissolution techniques described in these practices can be used for quality control of the feed materials and the product of plants vitrifying nuclear waste materials in glass. 1.6 These pr...

American Society for Testing and Materials. Philadelphia

2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

259

Solid-state lithium battery  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

The present invention is directed to a higher power, thin film lithium-ion electrolyte on a metallic substrate, enabling mass-produced solid-state lithium batteries. High-temperature thermodynamic equilibrium processing enables co-firing of oxides and base metals, providing a means to integrate the crystalline, lithium-stable, fast lithium-ion conductor lanthanum lithium tantalate (La.sub.1/3-xLi.sub.3xTaO.sub.3) directly with a thin metal foil current collector appropriate for a lithium-free solid-state battery.

Ihlefeld, Jon; Clem, Paul G; Edney, Cynthia; Ingersoll, David; Nagasubramanian, Ganesan; Fenton, Kyle Ross

2014-11-04T23:59:59.000Z

260

Concentrations of dissolved radon-222 in water from selected wells and springs in Idaho, 1989-91  

SciTech Connect

Concentrations of dissolved radon-222, a naturally occurring radioactive gas, are found in water in Idaho. The U.S. Geological Survey collected water samples for radon-222 analyses from 338 Idaho wells and springs during 1989-91. These water samples were collected as part of ongoing monitoring programs with the Idaho Department of Water Resources and the U.S. Department of Energy. Concentrations of dissolved radon-222 in 372 of the water samples ranged from -58{+-}30 to 5,715{+-}66 picocuries per liter; the mean and median concentrations were 446{+-}35 and 242{+-}25 picocuries per liter, respectively.

Cecil, L.D.; Parliman, D.J.; Edwards, D.D.; Young, H.W.

1994-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "dissolved solids tds" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


261

Compositional controls on melting and dissolving a salt into a ternary melt  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...far-field fluid temperature, there is more...than is needed to supply latent heat, and...contribution to interface temperature through the need...the interface to supply latent heat. This...capture the dominant controls on the dissolution...associated with the temperatures of the solid and...

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

262

Solid-State Lighting: Webcast: Municipal Solid-State Street Lighting  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Webcast: Municipal Solid-State Webcast: Municipal Solid-State Street Lighting Consortium Retrofit Financial Analysis Tool to someone by E-mail Share Solid-State Lighting: Webcast: Municipal Solid-State Street Lighting Consortium Retrofit Financial Analysis Tool on Facebook Tweet about Solid-State Lighting: Webcast: Municipal Solid-State Street Lighting Consortium Retrofit Financial Analysis Tool on Twitter Bookmark Solid-State Lighting: Webcast: Municipal Solid-State Street Lighting Consortium Retrofit Financial Analysis Tool on Google Bookmark Solid-State Lighting: Webcast: Municipal Solid-State Street Lighting Consortium Retrofit Financial Analysis Tool on Delicious Rank Solid-State Lighting: Webcast: Municipal Solid-State Street Lighting Consortium Retrofit Financial Analysis Tool on Digg

263

Solid-State Lighting: Hotel Information  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Program » Solid-State Lighting » Program » Solid-State Lighting » Information Resources Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to Solid-State Lighting: Hotel Information to someone by E-mail Share Solid-State Lighting: Hotel Information on Facebook Tweet about Solid-State Lighting: Hotel Information on Twitter Bookmark Solid-State Lighting: Hotel Information on Google Bookmark Solid-State Lighting: Hotel Information on Delicious Rank Solid-State Lighting: Hotel Information on Digg Find More places to share Solid-State Lighting: Hotel Information on AddThis.com... Home Conferences & Meetings Past Conferences Presentations Publications Webcasts Videos Hotel Information Wyndham Grand Pittsburgh, 600 Commonwealth Place, Pittsburgh, PA 15222 The Wyndham Grand Pittsburgh room block has expired; however,

264

Anoxic Plume Attenuation in a Fluctuating Water Table System: Impact of 100-D Area In Situ Redox Manipulation on Downgradient Dissolved Oxygen Concentrations  

SciTech Connect

Anoxic Plume Attenuation in a Fluctuating Water Table System: Impact of 100-D Area In Situ Redox Manipulation on Downgradient Dissolved Oxygen Concentrations

Williams, Mark D.; Vermeul, Vincent R.; Oostrom, Martinus; Evans, John C.; Fruchter, Jonathan S.; Istok, J. D.; Humphrey, M. D.; Lanigan, David C.; Szecsody, James E.; White, Mark D.; Wietsma, Thomas W.; Cole, Charles R.

1999-06-14T23:59:59.000Z

265

Solid-state radioluminescent compositions  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A solid state radioluminescent composition for light source comprises an optically clear polymer organic matrix containing tritiated organic materials and dyes capable of "red" shifting primary scintillation emissions from the polymer matrix. The tritiated organic materials are made by reducing, with tritium, an unsaturated organic compound that prior to reduction contains olefinic or alkynylic bonds.

Clough, Roger L. (Albuquerque, NM); Gill, John T. (Miamisburg, OH); Hawkins, Daniel B. (Fairbanks, AK); Renschler, Clifford L. (Tijeras, NM); Shepodd, Timothy J. (Livermore, CA); Smith, Henry M. (Overland Park, KS)

1991-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

266

Solid colloidal optical wavelength filter  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A solid colloidal optical wavelength filter includes a suspension of spheal particles dispersed in a coagulable medium such as a setting plastic. The filter is formed by suspending spherical particles in a coagulable medium; agitating the particles and coagulable medium to produce an emulsion of particles suspended in the coagulable medium; and allowing the coagulable medium and suspended emulsion of particles to cool.

Alvarez, Joseph L. (Boulder, CO)

1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

267

CHEMISTRY AND THE SOLID EARTH  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

CHEMISTRY AND THE SOLID EARTH ... By now, he has almost completely filled the blackboard, as he keeps up a steady drumfire of excited talk of the latest findings in geochemistry and geophysicstouching on everything from the origin of the solar system to the chemical nature of the earth's core to the enigmatic structure of the Mohorovi?i? discontinuity. ...

HOWARD J. SANDERS

1967-10-02T23:59:59.000Z

268

Solid oxide fuel cell generator  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A solid oxide fuel cell generator has a plenum containing at least two rows of spaced apart, annular, axially elongated fuel cells. An electrical conductor extending between adjacent rows of fuel cells connects the fuel cells of one row in parallel with each other and in series with the fuel cells of the adjacent row. 5 figures.

Di Croce, A.M.; Draper, R.

1993-11-02T23:59:59.000Z

269

The sediment resuspension event scours dissolved phase contaminants from the water column. As a result, a short-term  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The sediment resuspension event scours dissolved phase contaminants from the water column loading estimates to the southern basin in the absence of sediment resuspension, respectively. In southern Lake Michigan, the impact of the sediment resuspension event is magnified because of heavy atmospheric

NOAA Great Lakes Environmental Research Laboratory, Episodic Events

270

STUDIES ON THE USE OF CARBON DIOXIDE DISSOLVED IN REFRIGERATED BRINE FOR THE PRESERVATION OF WHOLE FISH  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of water by species of low oil content, such as sole and cod, and an increase in total salt. Con- trolling, NO. Z, 1971. Use of carbon dioxide gas dissolved in re- frigerated seawater seemed promising as an in experiments on holding fish in tanks, carbon dioxide decreased the rate at which their quality was degraded

271

Hydrolysis of Naptalam and Structurally Related Amides: Inhibition by Dissolved Metal Ions and Metal (Hydr)Oxide Surfaces  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

. INTRODUCTION Several important classes of agrochemicals possess amide and anilide functional groups. Naptalam). Agrochemicals often possess functional groups in the vicinity of amide and anilide linkages; participation and anilide agrochemicals. Granados et al. (1995) reported no significant effects of dissolved divalent metal

Huang, Ching-Hua

272

Results of Characterization and Retrieval Testing on Tank 241-C-110 Heel Solids  

SciTech Connect

Nine samples of heel solids from tank 241-C-110 were delivered to the 222-S Laboratory for characterization and dissolution testing. After being drained thoroughly, the sample solids were primarily white to light-brown with minor dark-colored inclusions. The maximum dimension of the majority of the solids was <2 mm; however, numerous pieces of aggregate, microcrystalline, and crystalline solids with maximum dimensions ranging from 5-70 mm were observed. In general, the larger pieces of aggregate solids were strongly cemented. Natrophosphate [Na{sub 7}F(PO{sub 4}){sub 2}?19H{sub 2}O] was the dominant solid phase identified in the heel solids. Results of chemical analyses suggested that 85-87 wt% of the heel solids were the fluoridephosphate double salt. The average bulk density measured for the heel solids was 1.689 g/mL; the reference density of natrophosphate is 1.71 g/mL. Dissolution tests on composite samples indicate that 94 to 97 wt% of the tank 241-C-110 heel solids can be retrieved by dissolution in water. Dissolution and recovery of the soluble components in 1 kg (0.59 L) of the heel solids required the addition of ≈9.5 kg (9.5 L) of water at 15 ?C and ≈4.4 kg (4.45 L) of water at 45 ?C. Calculations performed using the Environmental Simulation Program indicate that dissolution of the ≈0.86 kg of natrophosphate in each kilogram of the tank 241-C-110 heel solids would require ≈9.45 kg of water at 15 ?C and ≈4.25 kg of water at 45 ?C. The slightly larger quantities of water determined to be required to retrieve the soluble components in 1 kg of the heel solids are consistent with that required for the dissolution of solids composed mainly of natrophosphate with a major portion of the balance consisting of highly soluble sodium salts. At least 98% of the structural water, soluble phosphate, sodium, fluoride, nitrate, carbonate, nitrite, sulfate, oxalate, and chloride in the test composites was dissolved and recovered in the dissolution tests. Most of the {sup 99}Tc and {sup 137}Cs present in the initial heel solids composites was removed in the water dissolution tests. The estimated activities/weights of {sup 129}I, {sup 234}U, {sup 235}U, {sup 236}U, and {sup 238}U in the dry residual solids were <25% of the weights/activities in the initial composite solids. Gibbsite and nordstrandite [both Al(OH){sub 3}] were the major solid phases identified in the solids remaining after completion of the dissolution tests. Chemical analysis indicated that the residual solids may have contained up to 62 wt% Al(OH){sub 3}. Significant quantities of unidentified phosphate-, iron-, bismuth-, silicon-, and strontium- bearing species were also present in the residual solids. The reference density of gibbsite (and nordstrandite) is 2.42 g/mL. The measured density of the residual solids, 2.65 g/mL, would be a reasonable value for solids containing gibbsite as the major component with minor quantities of other, higher density solids. Sieve analysis indicated that 22.2 wt% of the residual solids were discrete particles >710 μm in size, and 77.8 wt% were particulates <710 μm in size. Light-scattering measurements suggested that nearly all of the <710-μm particulates with diameters >12 μm were weakly bound aggregates of particles with diameters <2 μm. The <710-μm residual solids settled very slowly when dispersed in reagent water. The physical appearance of a suspension containing ≈0.4 vol% of the solids in pure water changed very little over a period of 46.5 hours. It should be noted that the distribution of particle sizes in the residual solids and the observed settling behavior were both strongly influenced by the procedures followed in the dissolution tests.

Callaway, William S.

2013-09-30T23:59:59.000Z

273

The effects of total dissolved gas on chum salmon fry survival, growth, gas bubble disease, and seawater tolerance  

SciTech Connect

Chum salmon Oncorhynchus keta alevin developing in gravel habitats downstream of Bonneville Dam on the Columbia River are exposed to elevated levels of total dissolved gas (TDG) when water is spilled at the dam to move migrating salmon smolts downstream to the Pacific Ocean. Current water quality criteria for the management of dissolved gas in dam tailwaters were developed primarily to protect salmonid smolts and are assumed to be protective of alevin if adequate depth compensation is provided. We studied whether chum salmon alevin exposed to six levels of dissolved gas ranging from 100% to 130% TDG at three development periods between hatch and emergence (hereafter early, middle, and late stage) suffered differential mortality, growth, gas bubble disease, or seawater tolerance. Each life stage was exposed for 50 d (early stage), 29 d (middle stage), or 16 d (late stage) beginning at 13, 34, and 37 d post-hatch, respectively, through 50% emergence. The mortality for all stages from exposure to emergence was estimated to be 8% (95% confidence interval (CI) of 4% to 12%) when dissolved gas levels were between 100% and 117% TDG. Mortality significantly increased as dissolved gas levels rose above 117% TDG,; with the lethal concentration that produced 50% mortality (LC50 ) was estimated to be 128.7% TDG (95% CI of 127.2% to 130.2% TDG) in the early and middle stages. By contrast, there was no evidence that dissolved gas level significantly affected growth in any life stage except that the mean wet weight at emergence of early stage fish exposed to 130% TDG was significantly less than the modeled growth of unexposed fish. The proportion of fish afflicted with gas bubble disease increased with increasing gas concentrations and occurred most commonly in the nares and gastrointestinal tract. Early stage fish exhibited higher ratios of filament to lamellar gill chloride cells than late stage fish, and these ratios increased and decreased for early and late stage fish, respectively, as gas levels increased; however, there were no significant differences in mortality between life stages after 96 h in seawater. The study results suggest that current water quality guidelines for the management of dissolved gas appear to offer a conservative level of protection to chum salmon alevin incubating in gravel habitat downstream of Bonneville Dam.

Geist, David R.; Linley, Timothy J.; Cullinan, Valerie I.; Deng, Zhiqun

2013-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

274

Solid-State Lighting: Design Competitions  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Market-Based Programs Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to Solid-State Lighting: Design Competitions to someone by E-mail Share Solid-State Lighting: Design Competitions on Facebook Tweet about Solid-State Lighting: Design Competitions on Twitter Bookmark Solid-State Lighting: Design Competitions on Google Bookmark Solid-State Lighting: Design Competitions on Delicious Rank Solid-State Lighting: Design Competitions on Digg Find More places to share Solid-State Lighting: Design Competitions on AddThis.com... LED Lighting Facts CALiPER Program Standards Development Technical Information Network Gateway Demonstrations Municipal Consortium Design Competitions Design Competitions National design competitions heighten awareness and market adoption of high-performance solid-state lighting products.

275

Solid-State Lighting: DOE Selections  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Financial Financial Opportunities Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to Solid-State Lighting: DOE Selections to someone by E-mail Share Solid-State Lighting: DOE Selections on Facebook Tweet about Solid-State Lighting: DOE Selections on Twitter Bookmark Solid-State Lighting: DOE Selections on Google Bookmark Solid-State Lighting: DOE Selections on Delicious Rank Solid-State Lighting: DOE Selections on Digg Find More places to share Solid-State Lighting: DOE Selections on AddThis.com... Current Opportunities DOE Selections Related Opportunities DOE Selections The U.S. Department of Energy awards research grants targeting advances in solid-state lighting. The following links provide information on the recipients of these grants and summaries of the research projects they are

276

Solid-State Lighting: Why SSL  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Why SSL to someone by E-mail Why SSL to someone by E-mail Share Solid-State Lighting: Why SSL on Facebook Tweet about Solid-State Lighting: Why SSL on Twitter Bookmark Solid-State Lighting: Why SSL on Google Bookmark Solid-State Lighting: Why SSL on Delicious Rank Solid-State Lighting: Why SSL on Digg Find More places to share Solid-State Lighting: Why SSL on AddThis.com... Why SSL LED Basics OLED Basics Using LEDs R&D Challenges Market Challenges Why SSL Resources Solid-State Lighting: Brilliant Solutions for America's Energy Future PDF Energy Savings Potential of SSL PDF Energy Savings Estimates of LEDs PDF More Resources Since 2003, the U.S. Department of Energy has invested with industry partners in research and development of solid-state lighting (SSL)-including both light-emitting diode (LED) and organic light

277

Solid-State Lighting: Current Opportunities  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Financial Financial Opportunities Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to Solid-State Lighting: Current Opportunities to someone by E-mail Share Solid-State Lighting: Current Opportunities on Facebook Tweet about Solid-State Lighting: Current Opportunities on Twitter Bookmark Solid-State Lighting: Current Opportunities on Google Bookmark Solid-State Lighting: Current Opportunities on Delicious Rank Solid-State Lighting: Current Opportunities on Digg Find More places to share Solid-State Lighting: Current Opportunities on AddThis.com... Current Opportunities DOE Selections Related Opportunities Current Opportunities DE-FOA-0000973: Solid-State Lighting Advanced Technology R&D - 2014 DE-FOA-0001046: FY14 SBIR/STTR Phase I, Release 2 Contacts | Web Site Policies | U.S. Department of Energy | USA.gov

278

Solid-State Lighting: Related Opportunities  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Financial Financial Opportunities Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to Solid-State Lighting: Related Opportunities to someone by E-mail Share Solid-State Lighting: Related Opportunities on Facebook Tweet about Solid-State Lighting: Related Opportunities on Twitter Bookmark Solid-State Lighting: Related Opportunities on Google Bookmark Solid-State Lighting: Related Opportunities on Delicious Rank Solid-State Lighting: Related Opportunities on Digg Find More places to share Solid-State Lighting: Related Opportunities on AddThis.com... Current Opportunities DOE Selections Related Opportunities Related Opportunities The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) has created this resource to help researchers, manufacturers, and distributors of solid-state lighting products locate funding opportunities to help them advance and deploy

279

SolidMarks | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

SolidMarks Jump to: navigation, search Name: SolidMarks Place: Wallerfing, Germany Zip: 94574 Sector: Solar Product: German project developer found by IdeemaSun and MAGE Solar to...

280

Solid State Materials for Hydrogen Storage  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This paper seeks to review the hydride/hydrogen technology and to describe the work being...5) type solid state materials for hydrogen storage. To start with a brief review of the basic theme for solid state storage

K. Ramakrishna; S. K. Singh; A. K. Singh; O. N. Srivastava

1987-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "dissolved solids tds" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


281

Combustion of Solid Biomass: Classification of Fuels  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The combustion of solid biomass and the classification of these fuels are considered. Firstly the different methods of combustion appliances and plants are outlined from a ... view. The forms and types of solid biomass

Jenny M. Jones; Amanda R. Lea-Langton

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

282

Idaho Solid Waste Webpage | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Webpage Jump to: navigation, search OpenEI Reference LibraryAdd to library Web Site: Idaho Solid Waste Webpage Abstract This webpage provides an overview of regulation of solid...

283

Efficient Band Gap Prediction for Solids  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

An efficient method for the prediction of fundamental band gaps in solids using density functional theory (DFT) is proposed. Generalizing the Delta self-consistent-field (?SCF [delta SCF]) method to infinite solids, the ...

Chan, Maria K.

284

Solid oxide steam electrolysis for high temperature hydrogen production .  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??This study has focused on solid oxide electrolyser cells for high temperature steam electrolysis. Solid oxide electrolysis is the reverse operation of solid oxide fuel (more)

Eccleston, Kelcey L.

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

285

Energy and solid/hazardous waste  

SciTech Connect

This report addresses the past and potential future solid and hazardous waste impacts from energy development, and summarizes the major environmental, legislation applicable to solid and hazardous waste generation and disposal. A glossary of terms and acronyms used to describe and measure solid waste impacts of energy development is included. (PSB)

None

1981-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

286

Solid Waste Management Plan. Revision 4  

SciTech Connect

The waste types discussed in this Solid Waste Management Plan are Municipal Solid Waste, Hazardous Waste, Low-Level Mixed Waste, Low-Level Radioactive Waste, and Transuranic Waste. The plan describes for each type of solid waste, the existing waste management facilities, the issues, and the assumptions used to develop the current management plan.

NONE

1995-04-26T23:59:59.000Z

287

Dissolved and particulate aluminum in the Columbia River and coastal waters of Oregon and Washington: behavior in near-field and far-field plumes  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

1 Dissolved and particulate aluminum in the Columbia River and coastal waters of Oregon) and particulate (leachable and total) aluminum was examined in the Columbia River and estuary, in near Influence on Shelf Ecosystems (RISE) cruise of May/June 2006. Dissolved and particulate aluminum (Al

Hickey, Barbara

288

Solid-state membrane module  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Solid-state membrane modules comprising at least one membrane unit, where the membrane unit has a dense mixed conducting oxide layer, and at least one conduit or manifold wherein the conduit or manifold comprises a dense layer and at least one of a porous layer and a slotted layer contiguous with the dense layer. The solid-state membrane modules may be used to carry out a variety of processes including the separating of any ionizable component from a feedstream wherein such ionizable component is capable of being transported through a dense mixed conducting oxide layer of the membrane units making up the membrane modules. For ease of construction, the membrane units may be planar.

Gordon, John Howard (Salt Lake City, UT); Taylor, Dale M. (Murray, UT)

2011-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

289

Supercritical/Solid Catalyst (SSC)  

ScienceCinema (OSTI)

INL's patented, continuous-flow Supercritical/Solid Catalyst (SSC) produces the highest ASTM-quality B-100 biodiesel from waste fats, oils, and greases at the site of waste generation. SSC delivers low-cost transportation fuel, avoids significant landfill costs for municipalities, and reduces potent methane and other emissions produced in landfills from these wastes. You can learn more about INL's energy research programs at http://www.facebook.com/idahonationallaboratory.

None

2013-05-28T23:59:59.000Z

290

Stress-driven phase transformation and the roughening of solid-solid interfaces L. Angheluta1  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Stress-driven phase transformation and the roughening of solid-solid interfaces L. Angheluta1 , E- bilities. Here we propose a solid-solid phase transformation model for roughening instability is proposed as an explanation for the roughening of stylolites - irregular interfaces asso- ciated

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

291

Effects of Total Dissolved Gas on Chum Salmon Fry Incubating in the Lower Columbia River  

SciTech Connect

This report describes research conducted by Pacific Northwest National Laboratory in FY 2007 for the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers, Portland District, to characterize the effects of total dissolved gas (TDG) on the incubating fry of chum salmon (Onchorhynchus keta) in the lower Columbia River. The tasks conducted and results obtained in pursuit of three objectives are summarized: * to conduct a field monitoring program at the Ives Island and Multnomah Falls study sites, collecting empirical data on TDG to obtain a more thorough understanding of TDG levels during different river stage scenarios (i.e., high-water year versus low-water year) * to conduct laboratory toxicity tests on hatchery chum salmon fry at gas levels likely to occur downstream from Bonneville Dam * to sample chum salmon sac fry during Bonneville Dam spill operations to determine if there is a physiological response to TDG levels. Chapter 1 discusses the field monitoring, Chapter 2 reports the findings of the laboratory toxicity tests, and Chapter 3 describes the field-sampling task. Each chapter contains an objective-specific introduction, description of the study site and methods, results of research, and discussion of findings. Literature cited throughout this report is listed in Chapter 4. Additional details on the study methdology and results are provided in Appendixes A through D.

Arntzen, Evan V.; Hand, Kristine D.; Geist, David R.; Murray, Katherine J.; Panther, Jenny; Cullinan, Valerie I.; Dawley, Earl M.; Elston, Ralph A.

2008-01-30T23:59:59.000Z

292

Assimilable organic carbon (AOC) and biodegradable dissolved organic carbon (BDOC):: complementary measurements  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The objective of this study was to evaluate the necessity of measuring both assimilable organic carbon (AOC) and biodegradable dissolved organic carbon (BDOC) as indicators of bacterial regrowth potential. AOC and BDOC have often been measured separately as indicators of bacterial regrowth, or together as indicators of bacterial regrowth and disinfection by-product formation potential, respectively. However, this study proposes that both AOC and BDOC should be used as complementary measurements of bacterial regrowth potential. In monitoring of full-scale membrane filtration, it was determined that nanofiltration (NF) removed over 90% of the BDOC while allowing the majority of the AOC through. Heterotrophic plate counts (HPC) remained low during the entire period of monitoring due to high additions of disinfectant residual. In a two-year monitoring of a water treatment plant that switched its treatment process from chlorination to chlorination and ozonation, it was observed that the plant effluent AOC increased by 127% while BDOC increased by 49% after the introduction of ozone. Even though AOC is a fraction of BDOC, measuring only one of these parameters can potentially under- or over-estimate the bacterial regrowth potential of the water.

Isabel C Escobar; Andrew A Randall

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

293

Dissolved organic carbon transformations during laboratory-scale groundwater recharge using lagoon-treated wastewater  

SciTech Connect

Reuse of treated wastewater through groundwater recharge has emerged as an integral part of water and wastewater management in arid regions of the world. Aerated-lagoon wastewater treatment followed by surface infiltration offers a simple low-tech, low-cost treatment option for developing countries. This study investigated the fate of dissolved organic carbon (DOC) through laboratory-scale soil aquifer treatment (SAT) soil columns over a 64-week period. Aerated-lagoon wastewater (average DOE = 17 mg/l) and two soils were collected near the USA/Mexico border near Nogales, AZ. Laboratory-scale SAT columns exhibited three phases of aging where infiltration rates and DOC removals were delineated. DOC removal ranged from 39% to greater than 70% during the study, with DOC levels averaging 3.7 and 5.8 mg/l for the SAT columns packed with different soils. Soil with a higher fraction of organic carbon content had higher effluent DOC levels, presumably due to leaching of soil organic matter. UV absorbance data indicated preferential biodegradation removal of low molecular weight, low aromatic DOC. Overall, SAT reduced the potential towards forming trihalomethanes (THMs) during disinfection, although the reactivity ({mu}g THM/mg DOC) increased. SAT and groundwater recharge would provide a high degree of DOC removal in an integrated low-tech wastewater reuse management strategy, especially for developing countries in arid regions of the world.

Westerhoff, P.; Pinney, M.

2000-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

294

Prediction of Total Dissolved Gas (TDG) at Hydropower Dams throughout the Columbia  

SciTech Connect

The network of dams throughout the Columbia River Basin (CRB) are managed for irrigation, hydropower production, flood control, navigation, and fish passage that frequently result in both voluntary and involuntary spillway releases. The entrainment of air in spillway releases and the subsequent exchange of atmospheric gasses into solution during passage through the stilling basin cause elevated levels of total dissolved gas (TDG) saturation. Physical processes that affect TDG exchange at hydropower facilities have been characterized throughout the CRB in site-specific studies and at real-time water quality monitoring stations. These data have been used to develop predictive models of TDG exchange which are site specific and account for the fate of spillway and powerhouse flows in the tailrace channel and resultant transport and exchange in route to the downstream dam. Currently, there exists a need to summarize the findings from operational and structural TDG abatement programs conducted throughout the CRB and for the development of a generalized prediction model that pools data collected at multiple projects with similar structural attributes. A generalized TDG exchange model can be tuned to specific projects and coupled with water regulation models to allow for the formulation of optimal water regulation schedules subject to water quality constraints for TDG supersaturation. It is proposed to develop a methodology for predicting TDG levels downstream of hydropower facilities with similar structural properties as a function of a set of variables that affect TDG exchange; such as tailwater depth, spill discharge and pattern, project head, and entrainment of powerhouse releases.

Pasha, MD Fayzul K [ORNL] [ORNL; Hadjerioua, Boualem [ORNL] [ORNL; Stewart, Kevin M [ORNL] [ORNL; Bender, Merlynn [Bureau of Reclamation] [Bureau of Reclamation; Schneider, Michael L. [U.S. Army Corps of Engineers] [U.S. Army Corps of Engineers

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

295

Solid-State Lighting: Text-Alternative Version: Municipal Solid-State  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Municipal Solid-State Street Lighting Consortium Retrofit Financial Analysis Tool Webcast to someone by E-mail Share Solid-State Lighting: Text-Alternative Version: Municipal Solid-State Street Lighting Consortium Retrofit Financial Analysis Tool Webcast on Facebook Tweet about Solid-State Lighting: Text-Alternative Version: Municipal Solid-State Street Lighting Consortium Retrofit Financial Analysis Tool Webcast on Twitter Bookmark Solid-State Lighting: Text-Alternative Version: Municipal Solid-State Street Lighting Consortium Retrofit Financial Analysis Tool Webcast on Google Bookmark Solid-State Lighting: Text-Alternative Version: Municipal Solid-State Street Lighting Consortium Retrofit Financial Analysis Tool Webcast on Delicious Rank Solid-State Lighting: Text-Alternative Version: Municipal

296

Solid state division progress report, period ending February 29, 1980  

SciTech Connect

Research is reported concerning theoretical solid state physics; surface and near-surface properties of solids; defects in solids; transport properties of solids; neutron scattering; crystal growth and characterization; and isotope research materials.

Not Available

1980-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

297

Solid-State Lighting: Information Resources  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Information Resources to Information Resources to someone by E-mail Share Solid-State Lighting: Information Resources on Facebook Tweet about Solid-State Lighting: Information Resources on Twitter Bookmark Solid-State Lighting: Information Resources on Google Bookmark Solid-State Lighting: Information Resources on Delicious Rank Solid-State Lighting: Information Resources on Digg Find More places to share Solid-State Lighting: Information Resources on AddThis.com... Conferences & Meetings Presentations Publications Webcasts Videos Tools Information Resources The Solid-State Lighting (SSL) program has a large collection of resources designed to deliver current, relevant information about the status of SSL technology and applications. On this page you'll find links to DOE conferences (past and present), presentations, publications, and webcasts.

298

Solid Waste Management (Kansas) | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Solid Waste Management (Kansas) Solid Waste Management (Kansas) Solid Waste Management (Kansas) < Back Eligibility Commercial Investor-Owned Utility Municipal/Public Utility Rural Electric Cooperative Utility Program Info State Kansas Program Type Environmental Regulations Provider Health and Environment This act aims to establish and maintain a cooperative state and local program of planning and technical and financial assistance for comprehensive solid waste management. No person shall construct, alter or operate a solid waste processing facility or a solid waste disposal area of a solid waste management system, except for clean rubble disposal sites, without first obtaining a permit from the secretary. Every person desiring to obtain a permit shall make application for such a permit on forms

299

Solid-State Lighting: Program Fact Sheets  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Program Fact Sheets to someone Program Fact Sheets to someone by E-mail Share Solid-State Lighting: Program Fact Sheets on Facebook Tweet about Solid-State Lighting: Program Fact Sheets on Twitter Bookmark Solid-State Lighting: Program Fact Sheets on Google Bookmark Solid-State Lighting: Program Fact Sheets on Delicious Rank Solid-State Lighting: Program Fact Sheets on Digg Find More places to share Solid-State Lighting: Program Fact Sheets on AddThis.com... Conferences & Meetings Presentations Publications Postings Articles Program Fact Sheets Technology Fact Sheets CALiPER Reports GATEWAY Reports LED Lighting Facts Reports Project Reports Studies and Reports Technology Roadmaps Product Performance Guides Webcasts Videos Tools Program Fact Sheets This page contains links to fact sheets describing solid-state lighting

300

Solid-State Lighting: About the Program  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

About the About the Program Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to Solid-State Lighting: About the Program to someone by E-mail Share Solid-State Lighting: About the Program on Facebook Tweet about Solid-State Lighting: About the Program on Twitter Bookmark Solid-State Lighting: About the Program on Google Bookmark Solid-State Lighting: About the Program on Delicious Rank Solid-State Lighting: About the Program on Digg Find More places to share Solid-State Lighting: About the Program on AddThis.com... Contacts Partnerships About the Program The Energy Policy Act of 2005 (EPACT 2005) and the Energy Independence and Security Act of 2007 (EISA 2007) issued directives to the Secretary of Energy to carry out a Next Generation Lighting Initiative to support SSL

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "dissolved solids tds" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


301

Solid-State Lighting: Project Reports  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Project Reports to someone by Project Reports to someone by E-mail Share Solid-State Lighting: Project Reports on Facebook Tweet about Solid-State Lighting: Project Reports on Twitter Bookmark Solid-State Lighting: Project Reports on Google Bookmark Solid-State Lighting: Project Reports on Delicious Rank Solid-State Lighting: Project Reports on Digg Find More places to share Solid-State Lighting: Project Reports on AddThis.com... Conferences & Meetings Presentations Publications Postings Articles Program Fact Sheets Technology Fact Sheets CALiPER Reports GATEWAY Reports LED Lighting Facts Reports Project Reports Studies and Reports Technology Roadmaps Product Performance Guides Webcasts Videos Tools Project Reports This page contains links to project reports summarizing the solid-state lighting projects funded by DOE, providing project descriptions and

302

Solid-State Lighting: Technology Fact Sheets  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Technology Fact Sheets to Technology Fact Sheets to someone by E-mail Share Solid-State Lighting: Technology Fact Sheets on Facebook Tweet about Solid-State Lighting: Technology Fact Sheets on Twitter Bookmark Solid-State Lighting: Technology Fact Sheets on Google Bookmark Solid-State Lighting: Technology Fact Sheets on Delicious Rank Solid-State Lighting: Technology Fact Sheets on Digg Find More places to share Solid-State Lighting: Technology Fact Sheets on AddThis.com... Conferences & Meetings Presentations Publications Postings Articles Program Fact Sheets Technology Fact Sheets CALiPER Reports GATEWAY Reports LED Lighting Facts Reports Project Reports Studies and Reports Technology Roadmaps Product Performance Guides Webcasts Videos Tools Technology Fact Sheets This page contains links to fact sheets describing solid-state lighting,

303

Solid-State Lighting: LED Lighting Facts  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Market-Based Programs Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to Solid-State Lighting: LED Lighting Facts to someone by E-mail Share Solid-State Lighting: LED Lighting Facts on Facebook Tweet about Solid-State Lighting: LED Lighting Facts on Twitter Bookmark Solid-State Lighting: LED Lighting Facts on Google Bookmark Solid-State Lighting: LED Lighting Facts on Delicious Rank Solid-State Lighting: LED Lighting Facts on Digg Find More places to share Solid-State Lighting: LED Lighting Facts on AddThis.com... LED Lighting Facts CALiPER Program Standards Development Technical Information Network Gateway Demonstrations Municipal Consortium Design Competitions LED Lighting Facts LED lighting facts - A Program of the U.S. DOE DOE's LED Lighting Facts® program showcases LED products for general

304

Puget Sound Dissolved Oxygen Modeling Study: Development of an Intermediate Scale Water Quality Model  

SciTech Connect

The Salish Sea, including Puget Sound, is a large estuarine system bounded by over seven thousand miles of complex shorelines, consists of several subbasins and many large inlets with distinct properties of their own. Pacific Ocean water enters Puget Sound through the Strait of Juan de Fuca at depth over the Admiralty Inlet sill. Ocean water mixed with freshwater discharges from runoff, rivers, and wastewater outfalls exits Puget Sound through the brackish surface outflow layer. Nutrient pollution is considered one of the largest threats to Puget Sound. There is considerable interest in understanding the effect of nutrient loads on the water quality and ecological health of Puget Sound in particular and the Salish Sea as a whole. The Washington State Department of Ecology (Ecology) contracted with Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL) to develop a coupled hydrodynamic and water quality model. The water quality model simulates algae growth, dissolved oxygen, (DO) and nutrient dynamics in Puget Sound to inform potential Puget Sound-wide nutrient management strategies. Specifically, the project is expected to help determine 1) if current and potential future nitrogen loadings from point and non-point sources are significantly impairing water quality at a large scale and 2) what level of nutrient reductions are necessary to reduce or control human impacts to DO levels in the sensitive areas. The project did not include any additional data collection but instead relied on currently available information. This report describes model development effort conducted during the period 2009 to 2012 under a U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) cooperative agreement with PNNL, Ecology, and the University of Washington awarded under the National Estuary Program

Khangaonkar, Tarang; Sackmann, Brandon S.; Long, Wen; Mohamedali, Teizeen; Roberts, Mindy

2012-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

305

Total Dissolved Gas Effects on Incubating Chum Salmon Below Bonneville Dam  

SciTech Connect

At the request of the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers (USACE; Portland District), Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL) undertook a project in 2006 to look further into issues of total dissolved gas (TDG) supersaturation in the lower Columbia River downstream of Bonneville Dam. In FY 2008, the third year of the project, PNNL conducted field monitoring and laboratory toxicity testing to both verify results from 2007 and answer some additional questions about how salmonid sac fry respond to elevated TDG in the field and the laboratory. For FY 2008, three objectives were 1) to repeat the 2006-2007 field effort to collect empirical data on TDG from the Ives Island and Multnomah Falls study sites; 2) to repeat the static laboratory toxicity tests on hatchery chum salmon fry to verify 2007 results and to expose wild chum salmon fry to incremental increases in TDG, above those of the static test, until external symptoms of gas bubble disease were clearly present; and 3) to assess physiological responses to TDG levels in wild chum salmon sac fry incubating below Bonneville Dam during spill operations. This report summarizes the tasks conducted and results obtained in pursuit of the three objectives. Chapter 1 discusses the field monitoring, Chapter 2 reports the findings of the laboratory toxicity tests, and Chapter 3 describes the field-sampling task. Each chapter contains an objective-specific introduction, description of the study site and methods, results of research, and discussion of findings. Literature cited throughout this report is listed in Chapter 4. Additional details on the monitoring methodology and results are provided in Appendices A and B included on the compact disc bound inside the back cover of the printed version of this report.

Arntzen, Evan V.; Hand, Kristine D.; Carter, Kathleen M.; Geist, David R.; Murray, Katherine J.; Dawley, Earl M.; Cullinan, Valerie I.; Elston, Ralph A.; Vavrinec, John

2009-01-29T23:59:59.000Z

306

Spectroscopic and thermodynamic properties of molecular hydrogen dissolved in water at pressures up to 200 MPa  

SciTech Connect

We have measured the Raman Q-branch of hydrogen in a solution with water at a temperature of about 280 K and at pressures from 20 to 200 MPa. From a least-mean-square fitting analysis of the broad Raman Q-branch, we isolated the contributions from the four lowest individual roto-vibrational lines. The vibrational lines were narrower than the pure rotational Raman lines of hydrogen dissolved in water measured previously, but significantly larger than in the gas. The separations between these lines were found to be significantly smaller than in gaseous hydrogen and their widths were slightly increasing with pressure. The lines were narrowing with increasing rotational quantum number. The Raman frequencies of all roto-vibrational lines were approaching the values of gas phase hydrogen with increasing pressure. Additionally, from the comparison of the integrated intensity signal of Q-branch of hydrogen to the integrated Raman signal of the water bending mode, we have obtained the concentration of hydrogen in a solution with water along the 280 K isotherm. Hydrogen solubility increases slowly with pressure, and no deviation from a smooth behaviour was observed, even reaching thermodynamic conditions very close to the transition to the stable hydrogen hydrate. The analysis of the relative hydrogen concentration in solution on the basis of a simple thermodynamic model has allowed us to obtain the molar volume for the hydrogen gas/water solution. Interestingly, the volume relative to one hydrogen molecule in solution does not decrease with pressure and, at high pressure, is larger than the volume pertinent to one molecule of water. This is in favour of the theory of hydrophobic solvation, for which a larger and more stable structure of the water molecules is expected around a solute molecule.

Borysow, Jacek, E-mail: jborysow@mtu.edu; Rosso, Leonardo del; Celli, Milva; Ulivi, Lorenzo, E-mail: lorenzo.ulivi@isc.cnr.it [Consiglio Nazionale delle Ricerche, Istituto dei Sistemi Complessi, Via Madonna del piano 10, I-50019 Sesto Fiorentino (Italy)] [Consiglio Nazionale delle Ricerche, Istituto dei Sistemi Complessi, Via Madonna del piano 10, I-50019 Sesto Fiorentino (Italy); Moraldi, Massimo [Dipartimento di Fisica e Astronomia, Universit degli Studi di Firenze, Via Sansone 1, I-50019 Sesto Fiorentino (Italy)] [Dipartimento di Fisica e Astronomia, Universit degli Studi di Firenze, Via Sansone 1, I-50019 Sesto Fiorentino (Italy)

2014-04-28T23:59:59.000Z

307

Solid-state optical microscope  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A solid state optical microscope is described wherein wide-field and high-resolution images of an object are produced at a rapid rate by utilizing conventional optics with a charge-coupled photodiode array. Means for scanning in one of two orthogonal directions are provided, while the charge-coupled photodiode array scans in the other orthogonal direction. Illumination light from the object is incident upon the photodiodes, creating packets of electrons (signals) which are representative of the illuminated object. The signals are then processed, stored in a memory, and finally displayed as a video signal.

Young, I.T.

1981-01-07T23:59:59.000Z

308

Solid state electrochromic light modulator  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

An all solid-state variable transmission electrochromic device has a source of charge compensating ions. An inorganic oxide counterelectrode film which on reduction with the accompanying insertion of the charge compensating ions increases its transmission of light of predetermined wavelength is separated from a primary electrochromic film which on reduction with the accompanying insertion of the charge compensating ions decreases its transmission of light of predetermined wavelength by an insulating electrolyte film that transports the charge compensating ions. First and second electrodes are contiguous with the inorganic oxide counter electrode film and the primary electrochromic film, respectively, and separated by the three films.

Cogan, Stuart F. (111 Downey St., Norwood, MA 02062); Rauh, R. David (111 Downey St., Norwood, MA 02062)

1990-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

309

Solid state electrochromic light modulator  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

An all solid-state variable transmission electrochromic device has a source of charge compensating ions. An inorganic oxide counterelectrode film which on reduction with the accompanying insertion of the charge compensating ions increases its transmission of light of predetermined wavelength is separated from a primary electrochromic film which on reduction with the accompanying insertion of the charge compensating ions decreases its transmission of light of predetermined wavelength by an insulating electrolyte film that transports the charge compensating ions. First and second electrodes are contiguous with the inorganic oxide counter electrode film and the primary electrochromic film, respectively, and separated by the three films.

Cogan, Stuart F. (Sudbury, MA); Rauh, R. David (Newton, MA)

1993-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

310

Solid state electrochromic light modulator  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

An all solid-state variable transmission electrochromic device has a source of charge compensating ions. An inorganic oxide counter electrode film which on reduction with the accompanying insertion of the charge compensating ions increases its transmission of light of predetermined wavelength is separated from a primary electrochromic film which on reduction with the accompanying insertion of the charge compensating ions decreases its transmission of light of predetermined wavelength by an insulating electrolyte film that transports the charge compensating ions. First and second electrodes are contiguous with the inorganic oxide counter electrode film and the primary electrochromic film, respectively, and separated by the three films. 4 figs.

Cogan, S.F.; Rauh, R.D.

1990-07-03T23:59:59.000Z

311

Solid oxide fuel cell generator  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A solid oxide fuel cell generator has a pair of spaced apart tubesheets in a housing. At least two intermediate barrier walls are between the tubesheets and define a generator chamber between two intermediate buffer chambers. An array of fuel cells have tubes with open ends engaging the tubesheets. Tubular, axially elongated electrochemical cells are supported on the tubes in the generator chamber. Fuel gas and oxidant gas are preheated in the intermediate chambers by the gases flowing on the other side of the tubes. Gas leakage around the tubes through the tubesheets is permitted. The buffer chambers reentrain the leaked fuel gas for reintroduction to the generator chamber.

Draper, Robert (Churchill Boro, PA); George, Raymond A. (Pittsburgh, PA); Shockling, Larry A. (Plum Borough, PA)

1993-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

312

Biogeochemical cycling in an organic-rich coastal marine basin: 11. The sedimentary cycling of dissolved, free amino acids  

SciTech Connect

In the anoxic sediments of Cape Lookout Bight, NC, concentrations of total dissolved free amino acids (TDFAAs) are highest near the sediment-water interface, and decrease to non-zero, asymptotic concentrations at depths greater than 20 cm. TDFAAs in the overlying waters are <1 {mu}M. Dissolved free amino acid (DFAA) profiles often show a secondary subsurface maximum in the region between the 1 and 5 mM sulfate isopleths. This phenomenon appears to be related to the transition in the sediments of this region from sulfate reduction to methanogenesis. A steady-state diagenetic model which quantifies the processes affecting DFAAs in these sediments yields rates of DFAA production and consumption that agree reasonably well with independent estimates of these quantities in Cape Lookout Bight and other anoxic marine sediments. The combined results of modelling pore water DFAA and sedimentary amino acid profiles indicate that significant exchange of amino acids occurs between the sediments and pore waters. These results demonstrate that the biogeochemistry of dissolved free amino acids in the pore waters of Cape Lookout Bight sediments is dominated by internal transformations (i.e. production from sedimentary amino acids, microbial remineralization, and reincorporation back into the sediments). There is some uncertainty in the magnitude of the flux of DFAAs across the sediment-water interface, although it appears to be of secondary importance when compared to the other sedimentary processes affecting DFAAs.

Burdige, D.J.; Martens, C.S. (Univ. of North Carolina, Chapel Hill (USA))

1990-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

313

Contamination and solid state welds.  

SciTech Connect

Since sensitivity to contamination is one of the verities of solid state joining, there is a need for assessing contamination of the part(s) to be joined, preferably nondestructively while it can be remedied. As the surfaces that are joined in pinch welds are inaccessible and thus provide a greater challenge, most of the discussion is of the search for the origin and effect of contamination on pinch welding and ways to detect and mitigate it. An example of contamination and the investigation and remediation of such a system is presented. Suggestions are made for techniques for nondestructive evaluation of contamination of surfaces for other solid state welds as well as for pinch welds. Surfaces that have good visual access are amenable to inspection by diffuse reflection infrared Fourier transform (DRIFT) spectroscopy. Although other techniques are useful for specific classes of contaminants (such as hydrocarbons), DRIFT can be used most classes of contaminants. Surfaces such as the interior of open tubes or stems that are to be pinch welded can be inspected using infrared reflection spectroscopy. It must be demonstrated whether or not this tool can detect graphite based contamination, which has been seen in stems. For tubes with one closed end, the technique that should be investigated is emission infrared spectroscopy.

Mills, Bernice E.

2007-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

314

Solid-State Lighting: Product Performance Guides  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Product Performance Guides to Product Performance Guides to someone by E-mail Share Solid-State Lighting: Product Performance Guides on Facebook Tweet about Solid-State Lighting: Product Performance Guides on Twitter Bookmark Solid-State Lighting: Product Performance Guides on Google Bookmark Solid-State Lighting: Product Performance Guides on Delicious Rank Solid-State Lighting: Product Performance Guides on Digg Find More places to share Solid-State Lighting: Product Performance Guides on AddThis.com... Conferences & Meetings Presentations Publications Postings Articles Program Fact Sheets Technology Fact Sheets CALiPER Reports GATEWAY Reports LED Lighting Facts Reports Project Reports Studies and Reports Technology Roadmaps Product Performance Guides Webcasts Videos Tools Product Performance Guides

315

Solid-State Lighting: Hotel Information  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Hotel Information to someone by Hotel Information to someone by E-mail Share Solid-State Lighting: Hotel Information on Facebook Tweet about Solid-State Lighting: Hotel Information on Twitter Bookmark Solid-State Lighting: Hotel Information on Google Bookmark Solid-State Lighting: Hotel Information on Delicious Rank Solid-State Lighting: Hotel Information on Digg Find More places to share Solid-State Lighting: Hotel Information on AddThis.com... Conferences & Meetings Past Conferences Presentations Publications Webcasts Videos Tools Hotel Information Hilton Tampa Downtown 211 N. Tampa St. Tampa, FL 33602 A block of hotel rooms has been reserved at the Hilton Tampa at a special rate for DOE workshop attendees. The rate for a standard room is $116 per night from January 25-February 1. The room block has been extended until noon ET on Friday, January 17,

316

Amorphous LLZO sol gel solid electrolyte  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Novel Li Conducting Solid State Novel Li Conducting Solid State Electrolyte by Sol Gel Technique Davorin Babic, Ph. D. Excellatron Solid State LLC 263 Decatur St Atlanta, GA 30312 (404) 584-2475 dbabic@excellatron.com Objective Develop novel inorganic solid state lithium ion conductor: a) high Li ion conductivity b) transport number of ~1 c) stable with Li metal d) thermally stable e) adequate electrochemical window of stability Construct and test a battery that contains the novel electrolyte Novel sol gel solid electrolyte (NSGSE) In contact with Li metal: Organic electrolytes (liquid/polymer) get reduced: HAZARDS Most oxide solid electrolytes become mixed conductor: SHORTS NSGSE by sol gel process, spin coated: an oxide & stable with Li !! -100000 0 100000 200000 300000 400000 -400000

317

Solid-State Lighting: Market Challenges  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Market Challenges to someone by Market Challenges to someone by E-mail Share Solid-State Lighting: Market Challenges on Facebook Tweet about Solid-State Lighting: Market Challenges on Twitter Bookmark Solid-State Lighting: Market Challenges on Google Bookmark Solid-State Lighting: Market Challenges on Delicious Rank Solid-State Lighting: Market Challenges on Digg Find More places to share Solid-State Lighting: Market Challenges on AddThis.com... Why SSL LED Basics OLED Basics Using LEDs R&D Challenges Market Challenges Market Challenges Resources Compact Fluorescent Lighting in America PDF Guiding Market Introduction of SSL Products PDF LED Directional Lamps PDF LED MR16 Lamps Recessed LED Downlights PDF General Service LED Lamps PDF What to Ask - A Checklist for Buyers of LED Lighting Products PDF

318

Method for Determining Solids Circulation Rate  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Determining Solids Circulation Rate Determining Solids Circulation Rate Contact NETL Technology Transfer Group techtransfer@netl.doe.gov May 2012 Opportunity Research is currently active on the patented technology "Method for Determining Solids Circulation Rate." The technology is available for licensing and/or further collaborative research from the U.S. Department of Energy's National Energy Technology Laboratory. Overview This invention provides a method to measure the rate of solids circulation, particularly in those applications where the solids are recycled back to pro- cesses for further use. The applications include processes such as circulating fluidized bed gasifiers and combustors, as well as chemical looping. In the above applications, determining solids circulation rates is needed to

319

Solid-State Lighting: Technology Roadmaps  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Technology Roadmaps to someone Technology Roadmaps to someone by E-mail Share Solid-State Lighting: Technology Roadmaps on Facebook Tweet about Solid-State Lighting: Technology Roadmaps on Twitter Bookmark Solid-State Lighting: Technology Roadmaps on Google Bookmark Solid-State Lighting: Technology Roadmaps on Delicious Rank Solid-State Lighting: Technology Roadmaps on Digg Find More places to share Solid-State Lighting: Technology Roadmaps on AddThis.com... Conferences & Meetings Presentations Publications Postings Articles Program Fact Sheets Technology Fact Sheets CALiPER Reports GATEWAY Reports LED Lighting Facts Reports Project Reports Studies and Reports Technology Roadmaps Product Performance Guides Webcasts Videos Tools Technology Roadmaps This page contains links to DOE's Technology Roadmaps, multi-year plans

320

Solid-State Lighting: Using LEDs  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Using LEDs to someone by E-mail Using LEDs to someone by E-mail Share Solid-State Lighting: Using LEDs on Facebook Tweet about Solid-State Lighting: Using LEDs on Twitter Bookmark Solid-State Lighting: Using LEDs on Google Bookmark Solid-State Lighting: Using LEDs on Delicious Rank Solid-State Lighting: Using LEDs on Digg Find More places to share Solid-State Lighting: Using LEDs on AddThis.com... Why SSL LED Basics OLED Basics Using LEDs R&D Challenges Market Challenges Using LEDs Resources Using LEDs to Their Best Advantage PDF Establishing LED Equivalency PDF LED Directional Lamps LED MR16 Lamps Recessed LED Downlights PDF General Service LED Lamps What to Ask - A Checklist for Buyers of LED Lighting Products More Resources With their unique design and performance characteristics-such as directional light emission, compact profile, superior optical control,

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "dissolved solids tds" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


321

Solid-State Lighting: Conferences and Meetings  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Conferences and Meetings to Conferences and Meetings to someone by E-mail Share Solid-State Lighting: Conferences and Meetings on Facebook Tweet about Solid-State Lighting: Conferences and Meetings on Twitter Bookmark Solid-State Lighting: Conferences and Meetings on Google Bookmark Solid-State Lighting: Conferences and Meetings on Delicious Rank Solid-State Lighting: Conferences and Meetings on Digg Find More places to share Solid-State Lighting: Conferences and Meetings on AddThis.com... Conferences & Meetings Past Conferences Presentations Publications Webcasts Videos Tools Conferences and Meetings DOE organizes three annual workshops to bring together a diverse gathering of participants-government, industry, academia, research institutions, energy efficiency organizations, utilities, retailers, and designers-to

322

Solid-oxide fuel cell electrolyte  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A solid-oxide electrolyte operable at between 600.degree. C. and 800.degree. C. and a method of producing the solid-oxide electrolyte are provided. The solid-oxide electrolyte comprises a combination of a compound having weak metal-oxygen interactions with a compound having stronger metal-oxygen interactions whereby the resulting combination has both strong and weak metal-oxygen interaction properties.

Bloom, Ira D. (Bolingbrook, IL); Hash, Mark C. (Joliet, IL); Krumpelt, Michael (Naperville, IL)

1993-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

323

Solid-State Lighting | Department of Energy  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

overviewbrochurefeb2013.pdf More Documents & Publications DOE Lighting Program Update: LED Validation Activities Solid-State Lighting R&D Multi-Year Program Plan Emerging...

324

NETL: Solid Oxide Fuel Cells Publications  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Solid Oxide Fuel Cells Publications Operating Principles AEC Development Atmospheric Pressure Systems Pressurized Systems Program Plan Project Portfolio Project Information Systems...

325

Solid-State Energy Conversion Overview  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

eere.energy.gov 1 Solid-State Energy Conversion Overview John W. Fairbanks Department of Energy Vehicle Technologies Annual Merit Review June 11, 2010 Vehicle Technologies Program...

326

Solid Waste Program Website | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Program Website Jump to: navigation, search OpenEI Reference LibraryAdd to library Web Site: Solid Waste Program Website Author Alaska Division of Environmental Health Published...

327

Municipal Solid Waste Resources and Technologies  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

This page provides a brief overview of municipal solid waste energy resources and technologies supplemented by specific information to apply waste to energy within the Federal sector.

328

Solid State Lighting Program (Falcon)  

SciTech Connect

Over the past two years, KLA-Tencor and partners successfully developed and deployed software and hardware tools that increase product yield for High Brightness LED (HBLED) manufacturing and reduce product development and factory ramp times. This report summarizes our development effort and details of how the results of the Solid State Light Program (Falcon) have started to help HBLED manufacturers optimize process control by enabling them to flag and correct identified killer defect conditions at any point of origin in the process manufacturing flow. This constitutes a quantum leap in yield management over current practice. Current practice consists of die dispositioning which is just rejection of bad die at end of process based upon probe tests, loosely assisted by optical in-line monitoring for gross process deficiencies. For the first time, and as a result of our Solid State Lighting Program, our LED manufacturing partners have obtained the software and hardware tools that optimize individual process steps to control killer defects at the point in the processes where they originate. Products developed during our two year program enable optimized inspection strategies for many product lines to minimize cost and maximize yield. The Solid State Lighting Program was structured in three phases: i) the development of advanced imaging modes that achieve clear separation between LED defect types, improves signal to noise and scan rates, and minimizes nuisance defects for both front end and back end inspection tools, ii) the creation of defect source analysis (DSA) software that connect the defect maps from back-end and front-end HBLED manufacturing tools to permit the automatic overlay and traceability of defects between tools and process steps, suppress nuisance defects, and identify the origin of killer defects with process step and conditions, and iii) working with partners (Philips Lumileds) on product wafers, obtain a detailed statistical correlation of automated defect and DSA map overlay to failed die identified using end product probe test results. Results from our two year effort have led to automated end-to-end defect detection with full defect traceability and the ability to unambiguously correlate device killer defects to optically detected features and their point of origin within the process. Success of the program can be measured by yield improvements at our partners facilities and new product orders.

Meeks, Steven

2012-06-30T23:59:59.000Z

329

Designing a Dynamic Data-Driven Application System for Estimating Real-Time Load of Dissolved Organic Carbon in a River  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Understanding the dynamics of naturally occurring dissolved organic carbon (DOC) in a river is central to estimating surface water quality, aquatic carbon cycling, and global climate change. Currently, determinat...

Ying Ouyang

2012-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

330

Low Dissolved Oxygen in an Estuarine Channel (San Joaquin River, California): Mechanisms and Models Based on Long-term Time Series  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

peak, the net effect on the Ship Channel compared toThe actual effect of these materials on Ship Channelits direct effects on dissolved oxygen balance in the Ship

Jassby, Alan; Van Nieuwenhuyse, Erwin E.

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

331

ARTICLE IN PRESS Modelling the solids inflow and solids conveying of single-screw  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

ARTICLE IN PRESS Modelling the solids inflow and solids conveying of single-screw extruders using 1 March 2005 Abstract A new solids-conveying model for the single-screw extruder based convey- ing device is the plasticating single-screw extruder. In the plastics industry, single-screw

Thompson, Michael

332

Solid-solid phase transition measurements in iron  

SciTech Connect

Previously, dynamic experiments on iron have observed a non-zero transition time and width in the solid-solid {alpha}-{var_epsilon} phase transition. Using Proton Radiography at the Los Alamos Neutron Science Center, we have performed plate impact experiments on iron to further study the {alpha}-{var_epsilon} phase transition which occurs at 13GPa. A 40mm bore powder gun was coupled to a proton radiography beam line and imaging system and synchronized to the impact of the projectile on the target sample with the proton beam pattern. A typical experimental configuration for the iron study, as shown below in 3 color-enhanced radiographs, is a 40mm diameter aluminum sabot impacting a 40mm diameter of polycrystalline ARMCO iron. The iron is backed by a sapphire optical window for velocimetry measurements. The aluminum flyer on the left of the iron is barely visible for visual display purposes. Direct density jumps were measured which corresponded to calculations to within 1% using a Wondy mUlti-phase equation of state model. In addition, shock velocities were measured using an edge fitting technique and followed that edge movement from radiograph to radiograph, where radiographs are separated in time by 500 ns. Preliminary measurements give a shock velocity (P1 wave) of 5.251 km/s. The projectile velocity was 0.725 km/s which translate to a peak stress of 17.5 GPa. Assuming the P1 wave is instantaneous, we are able to calibrate the chromatic, motion, object and camera blur by measuring the width of the P1 wave. This approximation works in this case since each of the two density jumps are small compared to the density of the object. Subtracting the measured width of the P1 wave in quadrature from the width of the P2 wave gives a preliminary measurement of the transition length of 265 {mu}m. Therefore, a preliminary measured phase transition relaxation time {tau} = transition length/u{sub s} = 265 {mu}m/5.251 km/s = 50 ns. Both Boettger and Jensen conclude that the transition rate and likely the transition mechanisms depend on the impact stress and the sample thickness. Since Proton Radiography can measure directly the transition length as well as the shock velocity, a transition time can be directly calculated. With higher higher energy protons we have better resolution of the measured width and edge locations. This will allow a more precise measurement of phase transition relaxation time. We propose to perform a series of experiments to measure the phase transition relaxation time, {tau}, as a function of drive and sample size.

Schwartz, Cynthia Louise [Los Alamos National Laboratory

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

333

Solid fuel applications to transportation engines  

SciTech Connect

The utilization of solid fuels as alternatives to liquid fuels for future transportation engines is reviewed. Alternative liquid fuels will not be addressed nor will petroleum/solid fuel blends except for the case of diesel engines. With respect to diesel engines, coal/oil mixtures will be addressed because of the high interest in this specific application as a result of the large number of diesel engines currently in transportation use. Final assessments refer to solid fuels only for diesel engines. The technical assessments of solid fuels utilization for transportation engines is summarized: solid fuel combustion in transportation engines is in a non-developed state; highway transportation is not amenable to solid fuels utilization due to severe environmental, packaging, control, and disposal problems; diesel and open-cycle gas turbines do not appear worthy of further development, although coal/oil mixtures for slow speed diesels may offer some promise as a transition technology; closed-cycle gas turbines show some promise for solid fuels utilization for limited applications as does the Stirling engine for use of cleaner solid fuels; Rankine cycle engines show good potential for limited applications, such as for locomotives and ships; and any development program will require large resources and sophisticated equipment in order to advance the state-of-the-art.

Not Available

1980-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

334

Elementary Excitation in Solid Nuclear Matter  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......Elementary Excitation in Solid Nuclear Matter Koichi Takahashi...replaced by Figure The energy per nucleon (nucleon...delta: the zero-point energy of phonon, : The effect...Then, the ground state energies of the phonon system...Isospin Waves in a Solid Nuclear Matter Koichi Takahashi......

Koichi Takahashi

1991-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

335

Managing America`s solid waste  

SciTech Connect

This report presents an historical overview of the federal role in municipal solid waste management from 1965 to approximately 1995. Attention is focuses on the federal role in safeguarding public health, protecting the environment, and wisely using material and energy resources. It is hoped that this report will provide important background for future municipal solid waste research and development initiatives.

Not Available

1998-03-02T23:59:59.000Z

336

NMR STUDIES OF LIQUID CRYSTALS AND MOLECULES DISSOLVED IN LIQUID CRYSTAL SOLVENTS  

SciTech Connect

This thesis describes several studies in which nuclear magnetic resonance (nmr) spectroscopy has been used to probe the structure, orientation and dynamics of liquid crystal mesogens and molecules dissolved in liquid crystalline phases. In addition, a modern high field nmr spectrometer is described which has been used to perform such nmr studies. Chapter 1 introduces the quantum mechanical formalisms used throughout this thesis and briefly reviews the fundamentals of nuclear spin physics and pulsed nmr spectroscopy. First the density operator is described and a specific form for the canonical ensemble is derived. Then Clebsch-Gordon coefficients, Wigner rotation matrices, and irreducible tensor operators are reviewed. An expression for the equilibrium (Curie) magnetization is obtained and the linear response of a spin system to a strong pulsed r.f. irradiation is described. Finally, the spin interaction Hamiltonians relevant to this work are reviewed together with their truncated forms. Chapter 2 is a deuterium magnetic resonance study of two 'nom' liquid crystals which possess several low temperature mesomorphic phases. Specifically, deuterium quadrupolar echo spectroscopy is used to determine the orientation of the liquid crystal molecules in smectic phases, the changes in molecular orientation and motion that occur at smectic-smectic phase transitions, and the order of the phase transitions. For both compounds, the phase sequence is determined to be isotropic, nematic, smectic A, smectic C, smectic B{sub A}, smectic B{sub C}, and crystalline. The structure of the smectic A phase is found to be consistent with the well-known model of a two dimensional liquid in which molecules are rapidly rotating about their long axes and oriented at right angles to the plane of the layers. Molecules in the smectic C phase are found to have their long axes tilted with respect to the layer normal, and the tilt angle is temperature dependent, increasing from zero at the smectic A - smectic C transition and reaching a maximum at 9{sup o} at the smectic C - smectic B{sub A} transition. This finding contradicts the results of X-ray diffraction studies which indicate that the tilt angle is 18{sup o} and temperature independent. The smectic B{sub A} - smectic B{sub C} phase transition is observed for the first time, and is found to be first order, a result that contradicts the prediction of a mean theory by McMillian. Chapter 3 is a multiple quantum nmr study of n-hexane oriented in a nematic liquid crystal solvent. The basic three pulse multiple quantum experiment is discussed which enables the observation of transitions for which |{Delta}m|>1, and then the technique of the separation of multiple quantum orders by phase incrementation in the multiple quantum evolution period is reviewed (TPPI). An explicit example of multiple quantum nmr is given by the calculation of the multiple quantum spectrum of an oriented methyl group.

Drobny, G.P.

1982-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

337

SolidEnergy Systems | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

SolidEnergy Systems SolidEnergy Systems National Clean Energy Business Plan Competition SolidEnergy Systems Massachusetts Institute of Technology The Polymer Ionic Liquid (PIL) lithium battery combines the safety and energy density of a solid polymer lithium battery and the high performance of a lithium-ion battery. The battery developed by SolidEnergy achieves high energy density that works safely over a wide temperature range, which makes it ideal for electric vehicles and consumer electronics where both energy density and safety are essential. The PIL battery would also be successful in oil and gas drilling applications where the ability to recharge, store, transport, and perform at both very low and very high temperatures safely is mission critical. The PIL lithium battery dramatically improves both the safety and energy

338

SolidEnergy Systems | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

SolidEnergy Systems SolidEnergy Systems National Clean Energy Business Plan Competition SolidEnergy Systems Massachusetts Institute of Technology The Polymer Ionic Liquid (PIL) lithium battery combines the safety and energy density of a solid polymer lithium battery and the high performance of a lithium-ion battery. The battery developed by SolidEnergy achieves high energy density that works safely over a wide temperature range, which makes it ideal for electric vehicles and consumer electronics where both energy density and safety are essential. The PIL battery would also be successful in oil and gas drilling applications where the ability to recharge, store, transport, and perform at both very low and very high temperatures safely is mission critical. The PIL lithium battery dramatically improves both the safety and energy

339

NETL: Water-Energy Interface - Power Plant Water Management  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Nanofiltration Treatment Options for Thermoelectric Power Plant Water Treatment Demands Nanofiltration Treatment Options for Thermoelectric Power Plant Water Treatment Demands Sandia National Laboratories (SNL) is conducting a study on the use of nanofiltration (NF) treatment options to enable use of non-traditional water sources as an alternative to freshwater make-up for thermoelectric power plants. The project includes a technical and economic evaluation of NF for two types of water that contain moderate to high levels of total dissolved solids (TDS): (1) cooling tower recirculating water and (2) produced waters from oil & gas extraction operations. Reverse osmosis (RO) is the most mature and commonly considered option for high TDS water treatment. However, RO is generally considered to be too expensive to make treatment of produced waters for power plant use a feasible application. Therefore, SNL is investigating the use of NF, which could be a more cost effective treatment option than RO. Similar to RO, NF is a membrane-based process. Although NF is not as effective as RO for the removal of TDS (typical salt rejection is ~85 percent, compared to >95 percent for RO), its performance should be sufficient for typical power plant applications. In addition to its lower capital cost, an NF system should have lower operating costs because it requires less pressure to achieve an equivalent flux of product water.

340

Aquatic insects in Montezuma Well, Arizona, USA: A travertine spring mound with high alkalinity and dissolved carbon dioxide  

SciTech Connect

An annotated list of aquatic insects from the high carbonate system of Montezuma Well, Arizona, USA, is presented for collections taken during 1976-1986. Fifty-seven taxa in 16 families are reported, including new distribution records for Arizona (Anacaena signaticollis, Laccobius ellipticus, and Crenitulus sp. (nr. debilis)) and the USA (Enochrus sharpi). Larval stages for Trichoptera, Lepidoptera, Megaloptera, Neuroptera, Chironomidae, and Anisoptera were absent even though the habitat lacks fish, and water temperature, dissolved oxygen, available food, and substrata appear adequate in Montezuma Well. The potential importance of alkalinity in restricting these insect groups is discussed.

Blinn, D.W.; Sanderson, M.W. (Northern Arizona Univ., Flagstaff (USA))

1989-01-31T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "dissolved solids tds" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


341

Continuous production of redispersible and rapidly-dissolved fenofibrate nanoformulation by combination of microfluidics and spray drying  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Slow dissolution rate is responsible for poor oral bioavailability of fenofibrate. This work aimed at synthesizing a redispersible and rapidly-dissolved fenofibrate nanoformulation by combination of antisolvent precipitation-in-microfluidics and spray drying. 196296nm fenofibrate nanoparticles (NPs) were achieved by the developed process. Increasing the volume ratio of the antisolvent water to drug ethanolic solution, flow rate or drug concentration resulted in the formation of smaller particles. Fenofibrate nanoformulation exhibited good redispersibility and much faster dissolution rate in comparison with the raw drug.

Yuancai Dong; Wai Kiong Ng; Jun Hu; Shoucang Shen; Reginald B.H. Tan

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

342

Solidsolid transformation route to nanocrystalline sodalite from Al-PILC at room temperature  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The present study describes a solidsolid transformation of nanocrystalline sodalite from the solid gel mixture of Al2O3-pillared montmorillonite (Al-PILC) with sodium hydroxide at room temperature (25 C) under an ambient atmosphere. Powder X-ray diffraction (XRD) analysis confirms that the X-ray crystalline sodalite products are crystallized after 12 days, whereas infrared absorption (IR) spectra reveal that diagnostic IR absorption peaks due to single four-membered ring of sodalite framework is observed even after 1 day. Scanning electron microscopy (SEM) shows that Al-PILC is transformed into discrete nano-sized sodalite particles (?50 nm). Although the induction period, the time elapsing before nucleation, for the solidsolid transformation takes much longer (12 days), the nanocrystalline sodalite is successfully obtained at this extremely mild synthetic condition through solidsolid transformation.

Sung-Reol Lee; Man Park; Yang-Su Han; Jin-Ho Choy

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

343

Shock desensitizing of solid explosive  

SciTech Connect

Solid explosive can be desensitized by a shock wave too weak to initiate it promptly, and desensitized explosive does not react although its chemical composition is almost unchanged. A strong second shock does not cause reaction until it overtakes the first shock. The first shock, if it is strong enough, accelerates very slowly at first, and then more rapidly as detonation approaches. These facts suggest that there are two competing reactions. One is the usual explosive goes to products with the release of energy, and the other is explosive goes to dead explosive with no chemical change and no energy release. The first reaction rate is very sensitive to the local state, and the second is only weakly so. At low pressure very little energy is released and the change to dead explosive dominates. At high pressure, quite the other way, most of the explosive goes to products. Numerous experiments in both the initiation and the full detonation regimes are discussed and compared in testing these ideas.

Davis, William C [Los Alamos National Laboratory

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

344

Solid state safety jumper cables  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Solid state jumper cables for connecting two batteries in parallel, having two bridge rectifiers for developing a reference voltage, a four-input decoder for determining which terminals are to be connected based on a comparison of the voltage at each of the four terminals to the reference voltage, and a pair of relays for effecting the correct connection depending on the determination of the decoder. No connection will be made unless only one terminal of each battery has a higher voltage than the reference voltage, indicating "positive" terminals, and one has a lower voltage than the reference voltage, indicating "negative" terminals, and that, therefore, the two high voltage terminals may be connected and the two lower voltage terminals may be connected. Current flows once the appropriate relay device is closed. The relay device is preferably a MOSFET (metal oxide semiconductor field effect transistor) combined with a series array of photodiodes that develop MOSFET gate-closing potential when the decoder output causes an LED to light.

Kronberg, James W. (353 Church Rd., Beech Island, SC 29841)

1993-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

345

Solid state safety jumper cables  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Solid state jumper cables for connecting two batteries in parallel, having two bridge rectifiers for developing a reference voltage, a four-input decoder for determining which terminals are to be connected based on a comparison of the voltage at each of the four terminals to the reference voltage, and a pair of relays for effecting the correct connection depending on the determination of the decoder. No connection will be made unless only one terminal of each battery has a higher voltage than the reference voltage, indicating positive'' terminals, and one has a lower voltage than the reference voltage, indicating negative'' terminals, and that, therefore, the two high voltage terminals may be connected and the two lower voltage terminals may be connected. Current flows once the appropriate relay device is closed. The relay device is preferably a MOSFET (metal oxide semiconductor field effect transistor) combined with a series array of photodiodes that develop MOSFET gate-closing potential when the decoder output causes an LED to light.

Kronberg, J.W.

1993-02-23T23:59:59.000Z

346

Solid state radiative heat pump  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A solid state radiative heat pump operable at room temperature (300 K) utilizes a semiconductor having a gap energy in the range of 0.03-0.25 eV and operated reversibly to produce an excess or deficit of change carriers as compared equilibrium. In one form of the invention an infrared semiconductor photodiode is used, with forward or reverse bias, to emit an excess or deficit of infrared radiation. In another form of the invention, a homogenous semiconductor is subjected to orthogonal magnetic and electric fields to emit an excess or deficit of infrared radiation. Three methods of enhancing transmission of radiation the active surface of the semiconductor are disclosed. In one method, an anti-refection layer is coated into the active surface of the semiconductor, the anti-reflection layer having an index of refraction equal to the square root of that of the semiconductor. In the second method, a passive layer is speaced trom the active surface of the semiconductor by a submicron vacuum gap, the passive layer having an index of refractive equal to that of the semiconductor. In the third method, a coupler with a paraboloid reflecting surface surface is in contact with the active surface of the semiconductor, the coupler having an index of refraction about the same as that of the semiconductor.

Berdahl, P.H.

1984-09-28T23:59:59.000Z

347

Valve for controlling solids flow  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A fluidized solids control valve is disclosed that is particularly well adapted for use with a flow of coal or char that includes both large particles and fines. The particles may or may not be fluidized at various times during the operation. The valve includes a tubular body that terminates in a valve seat covered by a normally closed closure plate. The valve body at the seat and the closure plate is provided with aligned longitudinal slots that receive a pivotally supported key plate. The key plate is positionable by an operator in inserted, intermediate and retracted positions respecting the longitudinal slot in the valve body. The key plate normally closes the slot within the closure plate but is shaped and aligned obliquely to the longitudinal slot within the valve body to provide progressively increasing slot openings between the inserted and retracted positions. Transfer members are provided between the operator, key plate and closure plate to move the closure plate into an open position only when the key plate is retracted from the longitudinal slot within the valve body.

Feldman, David K. (Fairlawn, NJ)

1980-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

348

Table 13. Associated-dissolved natural gas proved reserves, reserves changes, and production, wet after lease separation, 2011  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

: Associated-dissolved natural gas proved reserves, reserves changes, and production, wet after lease separation, 2011 : Associated-dissolved natural gas proved reserves, reserves changes, and production, wet after lease separation, 2011 billion cubic feet Published New Reservoir Proved Revision Revision New Field Discoveries Estimated Proved Reserves Adjustments Increases Decreases Sales Acquisitions Extensions Discoveries in Old Fields Production Reserves State and Subdivision 12/31/10 (+,-) (+) (-) (-) (+) (+) (+) (+) (-) 12/31/11 Alaska 7,896 -1 843 79 2 51 3 0 0 176 8,535 Lower 48 States 27,850 391 7,245 5,874 1,336 1,833 5,954 611 160 2,546 34,288 Alabama 38 3 2 0 9 20 0 2 0 8 48 Arkansas 29 24 50 13 38 0 0 0 0 6 46 California 2,282 929 1,424 1,927 1 11 74 0 0 260 2,532 Coastal Region Onshore 178 15 21 31 0 0 1 0 0 12 172 Los Angeles Basin Onshore 92 6 12 4 0 3 0 0 0 7 102 San Joaquin Basin Onshore 1,949 907 1,382 1,892 0 0 70 0 0 237 2,179 State Offshore 63 1 9 0 1 8 3 0 0 4 79

349

A simple dissolved metals mixing method to produce high-purity MgTiO{sub 3} nanocrystals  

SciTech Connect

A simple dissolved metals mixing method has been effectively used to produce high-purity MgTiO{sub 3} (MT) nanocrystals. The method involves the mixing of independently dissolved magnesium and titanium metal powders in hydrochloric acid followed by calcination. The phase purity and nanocrystallinity were determined by making use of laboratory x-ray diffraction data, to which Rietveld-based analyses were performed. Results showed that the method yielded only one type magnesium titanate powders, i.e. MgTiO{sub 3}, with no Mg{sub 2}TiO{sub 4} or MgTi{sub 2}O{sub 5} phases. The presence of residual rutile or periclase was controlled by adding excessive Mg up to 5% (mol) in the stoichiometric mixing. The method also resulted in MT nanocrystals with estimated average crystallite size of 762 nm after calcination at 600C and 1504 nm (at 800C). A transmission electron micrograph confirmed the formation of the nanocrystallites.

Pratapa, Suminar, E-mail: suminar-pratapa@physics.its.ac.id, E-mail: suminar-pratapa@physics.its.ac.id; Baqiya, Malik A., E-mail: suminar-pratapa@physics.its.ac.id, E-mail: suminar-pratapa@physics.its.ac.id; Istianah,, E-mail: suminar-pratapa@physics.its.ac.id, E-mail: suminar-pratapa@physics.its.ac.id; Lestari, Rina, E-mail: suminar-pratapa@physics.its.ac.id, E-mail: suminar-pratapa@physics.its.ac.id; Angela, Riyan, E-mail: suminar-pratapa@physics.its.ac.id, E-mail: suminar-pratapa@physics.its.ac.id [Departement of Physics, Faculty of Mathematics and Sciences, Institute of Technology Sepuluh Nopember (ITS), Surabaya 60111 (Indonesia)

2014-02-24T23:59:59.000Z

350

Soil temperature is an important regulatory control on dissolved organic carbon supply and uptake of soil solution nitrate  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract The role of abiotic processes on dissolved organic matter (DOM) production is often underappreciated. However, abiotic processes appear to be especially important in subsoils where, with increasing depth, microbial activity declines and soil organic matter (SOM) becomes a progressively more important contributor to DOM. Within three soil depths (20, 40, and 60cm) in a temperate forest, soil temperature was positively associated with dissolved organic carbon (DOC) concentration (R2=0.230.77) and the DOM humification index (R2=0.350.72) for soil solutions in slow and fast flowpaths. With increasing soil temperature from 5 to 24C, average DOC concentrations increased by 86% at 20cm, 12% at 40cm and 12% at 60cm soil depths. Our data suggest that DOM supply, especially in subsoils, is temperature dependent. We attribute this to the influence of temperature on DOM replenishment through direct processes such as SOM dissolution, diffusion and exchange reactions as well as indirect processes such as rhizodeposition and exoenzyme activity. In contrast, negative relationships (R2=0.710.88) between temperature and nitrate concentrations in subsoil suggested that the temperature-dependent supply of DOM drives microbial processes such as dissimilatory and assimilatory nitrate consumption.

Ehsan R. Toosi; John P. Schmidt; Michael J. Castellano

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

351

Solid Waste Program (Alabama) | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Program (Alabama) Program (Alabama) Solid Waste Program (Alabama) < Back Eligibility Commercial Construction Developer General Public/Consumer Industrial Residential Savings Category Alternative Fuel Vehicles Hydrogen & Fuel Cells Buying & Making Electricity Water Home Weatherization Solar Wind Program Info State Alabama Program Type Environmental Regulations This article states the authority of the department, regulations for the control of unauthorized dumping, disposal fees, violations and penalties. Solid waste refers to any garbage, rubbish, construction or demolition debris, ash, or sludge from a waste treatment facility, water supply plant, or air pollution control facility, and any other discarded materials, including solid, liquid, semisolid, or contained gaseous material resulting

352

Passivation-free solid state battery  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

This invention pertains to passivation-free solid-state rechargeable batteries composed of Li{sub 4}Ti{sub 5}O{sub 12} anode, a solid polymer electrolyte and a high voltage cathode. The solid polymer electrolyte comprises a polymer host, such as polyacrylonitrile, poly(vinyl chloride), poly(vinyl sulfone), and poly(vinylidene fluoride), plasticized by a solution of a Li salt in an organic solvent. The high voltage cathode includes LiMn{sub 2}O{sub 4}, LiCoO{sub 2}, LiNiO{sub 2} and LiV{sub 2}O{sub 5} and their derivatives. 5 figs.

Abraham, K.M.; Peramunage, D.

1998-06-16T23:59:59.000Z

353

Passivation-free solid state battery  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

This invention pertains to passivation-free solid-state rechargeable batteries composed of Li.sub.4 Ti.sub.5 O.sub.12 anode, a solid polymer electrolyte and a high voltage cathode. The solid polymer electrolyte comprises a polymer host, such as polyacrylonitrile, poly(vinyl chloride), poly(vinyl sulfone), and poly(vinylidene fluoride), plasticized by a solution of a Li salt in an organic solvent. The high voltage cathode includes LiMn.sub.2 O.sub.4, LiCoO.sub.2, LiNiO.sub.2 and LiV.sub.2 O.sub.5 and their derivatives.

Abraham, Kuzhikalail M. (Needham, MA); Peramunage, Dharmasena (Norwood, MA)

1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

354

1993 Solid Waste Reference Forecast Summary  

SciTech Connect

This report, which updates WHC-EP-0567, 1992 Solid Waste Reference Forecast Summary, (WHC 1992) forecasts the volumes of solid wastes to be generated or received at the US Department of Energy Hanford Site during the 30-year period from FY 1993 through FY 2022. The data used in this document were collected from Westinghouse Hanford Company forecasts as well as from surveys of waste generators at other US Department of Energy sites who are now shipping or plan to ship solid wastes to the Hanford Site for disposal. These wastes include low-level and low-level mixed waste, transuranic and transuranic mixed waste, and nonradioactive hazardous waste.

Valero, O.J.; Blackburn, C.L. [Westinghouse Hanford Co., Richland, WA (United States); Kaae, P.S.; Armacost, L.L.; Garrett, S.M.K. [Pacific Northwest Lab., Richland, WA (United States)

1993-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

355

Solid SCR Demonstration Truck Application | Department of Energy  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

SCR Demonstration Truck Application Solid SCR Demonstration Truck Application Demonstrate the feasibility and performance of the FEV Solid SCR (Ammonium Carbamate) Technology...

356

Technology assessment and market analysis of solid state ultracapacitors  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This report provides quantitative analysis of Solid State Ultracapacitors (SSUs) from technological and financial perspectives. SSUs are Ultracapacitors with solid electrolytes predicted to have huge application potential ...

Jiang, Zibo

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

357

Vehicle Technologies Office Merit Review 2014: High-Voltage Solid...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

High-Voltage Solid Polymer Batteries for Electric Drive Vehicles Vehicle Technologies Office Merit Review 2014: High-Voltage Solid Polymer Batteries for Electric Drive Vehicles...

358

High-Voltage Solid Polymer Batteries for Electric Drive Vehicles...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

High-Voltage Solid Polymer Batteries for Electric Drive Vehicles High-Voltage Solid Polymer Batteries for Electric Drive Vehicles 2013 DOE Hydrogen and Fuel Cells Program and...

359

High-Voltage Solid Polymer Batteries for Electric Drive Vehicles...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

High-Voltage Solid Polymer Batteries for Electric Drive Vehicles High-Voltage Solid Polymer Batteries for Electric Drive Vehicles 2012 DOE Hydrogen and Fuel Cells Program and...

360

Ionic Liquid-Enhanced Solid State Electrolyte Interface (SEI...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Liquid-Enhanced Solid State Electrolyte Interface (SEI) for Lithium Sulfur Batteries. Ionic Liquid-Enhanced Solid State Electrolyte Interface (SEI) for Lithium Sulfur Batteries....

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "dissolved solids tds" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


361

2014 Solid-State Lighting Project Portfolio | Department of Energy  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

2014 Solid-State Lighting Project Portfolio 2014 Solid-State Lighting Project Portfolio This report contains an overview of SSL projects currently funded by DOE, and those...

362

Measurement of diesel solid nanoparticle emissions using a catalytic...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

diesel solid nanoparticle emissions using a catalytic stripper for comparison with Europe's PMP protocol Measurement of diesel solid nanoparticle emissions using a catalytic...

363

Robust control strategies for hybrid solid oxide fuel cell systems.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Solid Oxide Fuel Cell (SOFC) systems are electrochemical energy conversion devices characterized by the use of solid oxide as the electrolyte. They operate at high (more)

Mathew, Anju Ann

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

364

Reduction Mechanism of Fluoroethylene Carbonate for StableSolid...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Fluoroethylene Carbonate for Stable SolidElectrolyte Interphase Film on Silicon Anode. Reduction Mechanism of Fluoroethylene Carbonate for Stable SolidElectrolyte...

365

Solid-State Hydrogen Storage: Storage Capacity,Thermodynamics...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Hydrogen Storage: Storage Capacity,Thermodynamics and Kinetics. Solid-State Hydrogen Storage: Storage Capacity,Thermodynamics and Kinetics. Abstract: Solid-state reversible...

366

Solid State Vehicular Generators and HVAC Development | Department...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Solid State Vehicular Generators and HVAC Development Solid State Vehicular Generators and HVAC Development 2009 DOE Hydrogen Program and Vehicle Technologies Program Annual Merit...

367

Solid Oxide Membrane (SOM) Electrolysis of Magnesium: Scale-Up...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Solid Oxide Membrane (SOM) Electrolysis of Magnesium: Scale-Up Research and Engineering for Light-Weight Vehicles Solid Oxide Membrane (SOM) Electrolysis of Magnesium: Scale-Up...

368

Interactions of nickel/zirconia solid oxide fuel cell anodes...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Interactions of nickelzirconia solid oxide fuel cell anodes with coal gas containing arsenic. Interactions of nickelzirconia solid oxide fuel cell anodes with coal gas containing...

369

Federal Technology Deployment Pilot: Exterior Solid State Lighting...  

Energy Savers (EERE)

Technology Deployment Pilot: Exterior Solid State Lighting Federal Technology Deployment Pilot: Exterior Solid State Lighting Presentation-given at the Fall 2011 Federal Utility...

370

Hawaii Permit Application for Solid Waste Management Facility...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

to receive a permit for a solid waste management facility. Form Type CertificateForm of Completion Form Topic Permit Application for Solid Waste Management Facility Organization...

371

Electrical Generation for More-Electric Aircraft using Solid...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Electrical Generation for More-Electric Aircraft using Solid Oxide Fuel Cells Electrical Generation for More-Electric Aircraft using Solid Oxide Fuel Cells This study, completed by...

372

Municipal Solid Waste (MSW) to Liquid Fuels Synthesis, Volume...  

Office of Environmental Management (EM)

1: Availability of Feedstock and Technology Municipal Solid Waste (MSW) to Liquid Fuels Synthesis, Volume 1: Availability of Feedstock and Technology Municipal solid waste (MSW) is...

373

Geothermal Power Plants Minimizing Solid Waste and Recovering Minerals  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Although many geothermal power plants generate no appreciable solid waste, the unique characteristics of some geothermal fluids require special attention to handle entrained solid byproducts.

374

SolidEnergy Systems | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Science & Innovation » Innovation » Commercialization » National Science & Innovation » Innovation » Commercialization » National Clean Energy Business Plan Competition » SolidEnergy Systems National Clean Energy Business Plan Competition SolidEnergy Systems Massachusetts Institute of Technology The Polymer Ionic Liquid (PIL) lithium battery combines the safety and energy density of a solid polymer lithium battery and the high performance of a lithium-ion battery. The battery developed by SolidEnergy achieves high energy density that works safely over a wide temperature range, which makes it ideal for electric vehicles and consumer electronics where both energy density and safety are essential. The PIL battery would also be successful in oil and gas drilling applications where the ability to recharge, store, transport, and perform at both very low and very high

375

Geothermal Direct-Use Minimizing Solid Waste  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Aquaculture and horticulture businesses, and other industries that use geothermal direct-use systems typically don't generate any more solid waste than those that use other energy resources.

376

Solid-State Lighting Manufacturing Workshop  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Nearly 200 lighting industry leaders, chip makers, fixture and component manufacturers, and others gathered in Fairfax, Virginia, on April 21 and 22, 2009, for the first-ever DOE Solid-State...

377

Layered solid sorbents for carbon dioxide capture  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A solid sorbent for the capture and the transport of carbon dioxide gas is provided having at least one first layer of a positively charged material that is polyethylenimine or poly(allylamine hydrochloride), that captures at least a portion of the gas, and at least one second layer of a negatively charged material that is polystyrenesulfonate or poly(acryclic acid), that transports the gas, wherein the second layer of material is in juxtaposition to, attached to, or crosslinked with the first layer for forming at least one bilayer, and a solid substrate support having a porous surface, wherein one or more of the bilayers is/are deposited on the surface of and/or within the solid substrate. A method of preparing and using the solid sorbent is provided.

Li, Bingyun; Jiang, Bingbing; Gray, McMahan L; Fauth, Daniel J; Pennline, Henry W; Richards, George A

2014-11-18T23:59:59.000Z

378

Metallic Materials in Solid Oxide Fuel Cells  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Fe-Cr alloys with variations in chromium content and additions of different elements were studied for potential application in intermediate temperature Solid Oxide Fuel Cell (SOFC). Recently, a new type of FeC...

V. Shemet; J. Piron-Abellan; W.J. Quadakkers

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

379

Modeling of solid oxide fuel cells  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A comprehensive membrane-electrode assembly (MEA) model of Solid Oxide Fuel Cell (SOFC)s is developed to investigate the effect of various design and operating conditions on the cell performance and to examine the underlying ...

Lee, Won Yong, S.M. Massachusetts Institute of Technology

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

380

Experimental analysis of municipal solid waste samples  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In the analysis of municipal solid waste consolidation, large-scale devices are usually used to measure the compression and hydraulic conductivity parameters. The use of those devices is justified due to difficulties in probing undisturbed samples...

Mendoza Sanchez, Itza

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "dissolved solids tds" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


381

Standards Development for Solid-State Lighting  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

To accelerate the development and implementation of needed standards for solid-state lighting products, DOE works closely with a network of standards-setting organizations and offers technical assistance and support.

382

500 MHz NMR Shasta (Solids) | EMSL  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

self-directed operations. Collaborative work with staff scientists is encouraged. Solid-state Magic Angle Spinning (MAS) probes: 4-mm Agilent HXY MAS probe Spinning up to 18 kHz...

383

Templated dewetting of thin solid films  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The dewetting of solid metal polycrystalline films to form metal nanoparticles occurs by the nucleation and growth of holes in the film. For typical films on flat substrates, this process is not well-controlled and results ...

Giermann, Amanda L. (Amanda Leah)

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

384

Interfacial material for solid oxide fuel cell  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Solid oxide fuel cells having improved low-temperature operation are disclosed. In one embodiment, an interfacial layer of terbia-stabilized zirconia is located between the air electrode and electrolyte of the solid oxide fuel cell. The interfacial layer provides a barrier which controls interaction between the air electrode and electrolyte. The interfacial layer also reduces polarization loss through the reduction of the air electrode/electrolyte interfacial electrical resistance. In another embodiment, the solid oxide fuel cell comprises a scandia-stabilized zirconia electrolyte having high electrical conductivity. The scandia-stabilized zirconia electrolyte may be provided as a very thin layer in order to reduce resistance. The scandia-stabilized electrolyte is preferably used in combination with the terbia-stabilized interfacial layer. The solid oxide fuel cells are operable over wider temperature ranges and wider temperature gradients in comparison with conventional fuel cells.

Baozhen, Li (Essex Junction, VT); Ruka, Roswell J. (Pittsburgh, PA); Singhal, Subhash C. (Murrysville, PA)

1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

385

A Solid Solar-Cell Solution  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A Solid Solar-Cell Solution ... Some three-quarters of electricity-producing rooftop photovoltaic panels and other types of solar arrays are based on crystalline silicon cells, a well-established but expensive technology. ...

MITCH JACOBY

2012-06-11T23:59:59.000Z

386

Sandia National Laboratories: Solid-State Lighting  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Optical performance of top-down fabricated InGaNGaN nanorod light emitting diode arrays On November 30, 2011, in Energy, Energy Efficiency, Solid-State Lighting EFRC researchers...

387

Shadow Geometry for Solids of Revolution  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In this chapter, we explore the analysis of shadows of Right Circular SHGCs (solids of revolution). We have already seen that, when the viewing angle ? is known, the tangency contours themselves can be analyze...

Steven A. Shafer

1985-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

388

Rayleigh-Taylor instability in elastic solids  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We present an analytical model for the Rayleigh-Taylor instability that allows for an approximate but still very accurate and appealing description of the instability physics in the linear regime. The model is based on the second law of Newton and it has been developed with the aim of dealing with the instability of accelerated elastic solids. It yields the asymptotic instability growth rate but also describes the initial transient phase determined by the initial conditions. We have applied the model to solid/solid and solid/fluid interfaces with arbitrary Atwood numbers. The results are in excellent agreement with previous models that yield exact solutions but which are of more limited validity. Our model allows for including more complex physics. In particular, the present approach is expected to lead to a more general theory of the instability that would allow for describing the transition to the plastic regime.

A. R. Piriz, J. J. Lpez Cela, O. D. Cortzar, N. A. Tahir, and D. H. H. Hoffmann

2005-11-09T23:59:59.000Z

389

NREL: Energy Sciences - Solid-State Theory  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Solid-State Theory Image showing a roughly spherical red shape that looks like an apple that is floating within a yellow hemispherical shell. The shell is floating over a...

390

County Solid Waste Control Act (Texas)  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

The purpose of this chapter is to authorize a cooperative effort by counties, public agencies, and other persons for the safe and economical collection, transportation, and disposal of solid waste...

391

Optical constants of liquid and solid methane  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The optical constants nr + ini of liquid methane and phase I solid methane were determined over the entire spectral range by the use of various data sources published in the...

Martonchik, John V; Orton, Glenn S

1994-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

392

Grating enhanced solid-state laser amplifiers  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A novel method and apparatus for suppressing ASE and parasitic oscillation modes in a high average power laser is introduced. Such an invention, as disclosed herein, uses diffraction gratings to increase gain, stored energy density, and pumping efficiency of solid-state laser gain media, such as, but not limited to rods, disks and slabs. By coupling predetermined gratings to solid-state gain media, such as crystal or ceramic laser gain media, ASE and parasitic oscillation modes can be effectively suppressed.

Erlandson, Alvin C. (Livermore, CA); Britten, Jerald A. (Clayton, CA)

2010-11-09T23:59:59.000Z

393

Solid waste management: a public policy study  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

not be discharged into surface water in violation of the National Pollutant Discharge Elimination System of the Clean Water Act; and no facility may contaminate an underground drinking waste source beyond the plant boundary. 2. Air: No open burning... of residential, commercial, institutional, or industrial solid waste may take place. Certain periodic burning activities are exempt. 3. Farmland: No solid waste facility border may lie within one meter (three feet) of land used for crop. If polychlorinated...

Jayawant, Mandar Prabhatkumar

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

394

Radionuclides in shallow groundwater at Solid Waste Storage Area 5 North, Oak Ridge National Laboratory  

SciTech Connect

This report presents a compilation of groundwater monitoring data from Solid Waste Storage Area (SWSA) 5 North at Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL) between November 1989 and September 1993. Monitoring data were collected as part of the Active Sites Environmental Monitoring Program that was implemented in 1989 in response to DOE Order 5820.2A. SWSA 5 North was established for the retrievable storage of transuranic (TRU) wastes in 1970. Four types of storage have been used within SWSA 5 North: bunkers, vaults, wells, and trenches. The fenced portion of SWSA 5 North covers about 3.7 ha (9 acres) in the White Oak Creek watershed south of ORNL. The area is bounded by White Oak Creek and two ephemeral tributaries of White Oak Creek. Since 1989, groundwater has been monitored in wells around SWSA 5 North. During that time, elevated gross alpha contamination (reaching as high as 210 Bq/L) has consistently been detected in well 516. This well is adjacent to burial trenches in the southwest corner of the area. Water level measurements in wells 516 and 518 suggest that water periodically inundates the bottom of some of those trenches. Virtually all of the gross alpha contamination is generated by Curium 244 and Americium 241. A special geochemical investigation of well 516 suggests that nearly all of the Curium 44 and Americium 241 is dissolved or associated with dissolved organic matter. These are being transported at the rate of about 2 m/year from the burial trenches, through well 516, to White Oak Creek, where Curium 244 has been detected in a few bank seeps. Concentrations at these seeps are near detection levels (<1 Bq/L).

Ashwood, T.L.; Marsh, J.D. Jr.

1994-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

395

Characterizing solution and solid-phase amorphous uranyl silicates q  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

2007 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved. 1. INTRODUCTION Dissolved uranium, as the uranyl ion UO2 2þ , is consid- ered a contaminant introduced into the environment near mining, processing and production

Illinois at Chicago, University of

396

Technical evaluation of a small-scale reverse osmosis desalination unit for domestic water  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Tunisian standards for drinking water tolerate a maximum Total Dissolved Salts (TDS) of 1.5 g/L. The domestic water presents usually a salinity greater than 0.5 g/L. In the last few years, several small capacity reverse osmosis desalination prototypes have been marketed. They are used to desalinate brackish water with TDS lower than 1.5 g/L. The performances of such type of RO units with respect to the Tunisia tap waters are needed. A technico-economical evaluation of small-scale (100 L/day) reverse osmosis desalination unit has been studied. Water pre-treatment is composed of three filtration operations. Water is pumped through the RO membrane with maximum pressure of 6 bars. Before use, the desalinated water is treated with UV light. The salinity and the temperature of the tested domestic water are located respectively between 0.5 and 1.3 g/L and between 12 and 29C. The pre-treatment allows eliminating all the suspension matters, as the turbidity and the Solid Density Index are reduced to zero FTU and surrounding one unit respectively. No chemicals are used in the pre-treatment, so membrane scaling can not be avoided if reject water presents a high scaling power. The supersaturation relative to calcium carbonate and gypsum were estimated for reject water. Their values indicate that the tested waters have no risk to scale the RO membrane. The recovery rate of the RO unit was evaluated vs. different operating conditions such as applied pressure, raw water TDS and water temperature. The small capacity unit was able to deliver a treated water of a 100 mg/L TDS with a conversion rate ranging between 25 and 37%. The water treatment cost was evaluated at 0.01 /L which is roughly the tenth of that of bottled table water.

H. Elfil; A. Hamed; A. Hannachi

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

397

Characterization and biotoxicity assessment of dissolved organic matter in RO concentrate from a municipal wastewater reclamation reverse osmosis system  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Reverse osmosis (RO) concentrate from municipal wastewater reclamation reverse osmosis (mWRRO) system containing organic compounds may associate with toxic risk, and its discharge might pose an environmental risk. To identify a basis for the selection of feasible technology in treating RO concentrates, the characteristics and biotoxicity of different fractions of dissolved organic matter (DOM) in RO concentrates from an mWRRO system were investigated. The results indicated that the hydrophilic neutrals (HIN), hydrophobic acids (HOA) and hydrophobic bases (HOB) accounted for 96% of the dissolved organic carbon (DOC) of the total DOM in the RO concentrate. According to the SEC chromatograph detected at 254nm wavelength of UV, the DOM with molecular weight (MW) 13kDa accounted for the majority of the basic and neutral fractions. The fluorescence spectra of the excitation emission matrix (EEM) indicated that most aromatic proteins, humic/fulvic acid-like and soluble microbial by-product-like substances existed in the fractions HOA and hydrophobic neutrals (HON). The genotoxicity and anti-estrogenic activity of the RO concentrate were 1795.657.2?g4-NQOL?1 and 2.190.05mgTAML?1, respectively. The HIN, HOA, and HOB contributed to the genotoxicity of the RO concentrate, and the HIN was with the highest genotoxic level of 1007.994.8?g4-NQOL?1. The HOA, HON, and HIN lead to the total anti-estrogenic activity of the RO concentrate, and HOA occupied approximately 60% of the total, which was 1.30.17mgTAML?1.

Ying-Xue Sun; Yue Gao; Hong-Ying Hu; Fang Tang; Zhe Yang

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

398

P0301-Mogensen Performance of Reversible Solid Oxide Cells  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

that solid oxide fuel cells (SOFC) could also work in the solid oxide electrolyser cell (SOEC) mode1 P0301-Mogensen Performance of Reversible Solid Oxide Cells: A Review Mogens Mogensen1 , Søren Højgaard Jensen1,2 , Anne Hauch1,3 , Ib Chorkendorff2 and Torben Jacobsen3 1 Fuel Cell and Solid State

399

Solid electrolytes for battery applications a theoretical perspective a  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

solid state batteries at the present time. · Several companies are involved in all solids state batterySolid electrolytes for battery applications ­ a theoretical perspective a Natalie Holzwarth ion batteries Solid electrolytes Advantages 1. Excellent chemical and physical stability. 2. Perform

Holzwarth, Natalie

400

Management of Solid Waste (Oklahoma) | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Management of Solid Waste (Oklahoma) Management of Solid Waste (Oklahoma) Management of Solid Waste (Oklahoma) < Back Eligibility Utility Agricultural Investor-Owned Utility Industrial Municipal/Public Utility Rural Electric Cooperative Program Info State Oklahoma Program Type Environmental Regulations Provider Oklahoma Department of Environmental Quality The Solid Waste Management Division of the Department of Environmental Quality regulates solid waste disposal or any person who generates, collects, transports, processes, and/or disposes of solid waste and/or waste tires. The following solid waste disposal facilities require a solid waste permit prior to construction and/or operation: land disposal facilities; solid waste processing facilities, including: transfer stations; solid waste incinerators receiving waste from off-site sources; regulated medical waste

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "dissolved solids tds" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


401

Solid-State Lighting: R&D Challenges  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

R&D Challenges to someone by R&D Challenges to someone by E-mail Share Solid-State Lighting: R&D Challenges on Facebook Tweet about Solid-State Lighting: R&D Challenges on Twitter Bookmark Solid-State Lighting: R&D Challenges on Google Bookmark Solid-State Lighting: R&D Challenges on Delicious Rank Solid-State Lighting: R&D Challenges on Digg Find More places to share Solid-State Lighting: R&D Challenges on AddThis.com... Why SSL LED Basics OLED Basics Using LEDs R&D Challenges Market Challenges R&D Challenges Resources Doing Business with DOE's Solid-State Lighting Program PDF Solid-State Lighting Patents Resulting from DOE-Funded Projects PDF 2013 Project Portfolio PDF Solid-State Lighting R&D Manufacturing Roadmap PDF Solid-State Lighting R&D Multi-Year Program Plan PDF

402

INTERFACES AND BOUNDARIES THE SOLID-SOLID INTERFACE IN THERMAL PHONON RADIATION  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

materials as it happens if a metal film deposited on a dielectric crystal is heated and emits thermal pho the thermal boundary resistance predicted by this (>.But no convicting resultsINTERFACES AND BOUNDARIES THE SOLID-SOLID INTERFACE IN THERMAL PHONON RADIATION Institute fiir

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

403

Curved detonation fronts in solid explosives 1 Curved detonation fronts in solid explosives#  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Curved detonation fronts in solid explosives 1 Curved detonation fronts in solid explosives. Aslam and D. S. Stewart TAM Department# University of Illinois Urbana# IL 61801 USA Abstract# Detonation Shock Dynamics #DSD# can be used to model the e#ects that shock curvature # has on detonation speed D n

Aslam, Tariq

404

Curved detonation fronts in solid explosives 1 Curved detonation fronts in solid explosives  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Curved detonation fronts in solid explosives 1 Curved detonation fronts in solid explosives. Aslam and D. S. Stewart TAM Department, University of Illinois Urbana, IL 61801 USA Abstract: Detonation Shock Dynamics (DSD) can be used to model the eects that shock curvature has on detonation speed Dn

Aslam, Tariq

405

Stress-Driven Phase Transformation and the Roughening of Solid-Solid Interfaces L. Angheluta,1  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Stress-Driven Phase Transformation and the Roughening of Solid-Solid Interfaces L. Angheluta,1 E for roughening instability in the interface between two porous materials with different porosities under normal of compaction. The model is proposed as an explanation for the roughening of stylolites--irregular interfaces

406

Municipal Solid WasteMunicipal Solid Waste Landfills In CitiesLandfills In Cities  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Municipal Solid WasteMunicipal Solid Waste Landfills In CitiesLandfills In Cities ArunArun PurandarePurandare Eco Designs India Pvt. Ltd.Eco Designs India Pvt. Ltd. #12;What is a Landfill? A sanitary landfill refers to an engineered facility for the disposal of MSW designed and operated

Columbia University

407

Pulse Jet Mixing Tests With Noncohesive Solids  

SciTech Connect

This report summarizes results from pulse jet mixing (PJM) tests with noncohesive solids in Newtonian liquid conducted during FY 2007 and 2008 to support the design of mixing systems for the Hanford Waste Treatment and Immobilization Plant (WTP). Tests were conducted at three geometric scales using noncohesive simulants. The test data were used to independently develop mixing models that can be used to predict full-scale WTP vessel performance and to rate current WTP mixing system designs against two specific performance requirements. One requirement is to ensure that all solids have been disturbed during the mixing action, which is important to release gas from the solids. The second requirement is to maintain a suspended solids concentration below 20 weight percent at the pump inlet. The models predict the height to which solids will be lifted by the PJM action, and the minimum velocity needed to ensure all solids have been lifted from the floor. From the cloud height estimate we can calculate the concentration of solids at the pump inlet. The velocity needed to lift the solids is slightly more demanding than "disturbing" the solids, and is used as a surrogate for this metric. We applied the models to assess WTP mixing vessel performance with respect to the two performance requirements. Each mixing vessel was evaluated against these two criteria for two defined waste conditions. One of the wastes was defined by design limits and one was derived from Hanford waste characterization reports. The assessment predicts that three vessel types will satisfy the design criteria for all conditions evaluated. Seven vessel types will not satisfy the performance criteria used for any of the conditions evaluated. The remaining three vessel types provide varying assessments when the different particle characteristics are evaluated. The assessment predicts that three vessel types will satisfy the design criteria for all conditions evaluated. Seven vessel types will not satisfy the performance criteria used for any of the conditions evaluated. The remaining three vessel types provide varying assessments when the different particle characteristics are evaluated. The HLP-022 vessel was also evaluated using 12 m/s pulse jet velocity with 6-in. nozzles, and this design also did not satisfy the criteria for all of the conditions evaluated.

Meyer, Perry A.; Bamberger, Judith A.; Enderlin, Carl W.; Fort, James A.; Wells, Beric E.; Sundaram, S. K.; Scott, Paul A.; Minette, Michael J.; Smith, Gary L.; Burns, Carolyn A.; Greenwood, Margaret S.; Morgen, Gerald P.; Baer, Ellen BK; Snyder, Sandra F.; White, Michael; Piepel, Gregory F.; Amidan, Brett G.; Heredia-Langner, Alejandro; Bailey, Sharon A.; Bower, John C.; Denslow, Kayte M.; Eakin, David E.; Elmore, Monte R.; Gauglitz, Phillip A.; Guzman, Anthony D.; Hatchell, Brian K.; Hopkins, Derek F.; Hurley, David E.; Johnson, Michael D.; Kirihara, Leslie J.; Lawler, Bruce D.; Loveland, Jesse S.; Mullen, O Dennis; Pekour, Mikhail S.; Peters, Timothy J.; Robinson, Peter J.; Russcher, Michael S.; Sande, Susan; Santoso, Christian; Shoemaker, Steven V.; Silva, Steve M.; Smith, Devin E.; Su, Yin-Fong; Toth, James J.; Wiberg, John D.; Yu, Xiao-Ying; Zuljevic, Nino

2009-05-11T23:59:59.000Z

408

Coordinated garbage collection for raid array of solid state disks  

SciTech Connect

An optimized redundant array of solid state devices may include an array of one or more optimized solid-state devices and a controller coupled to the solid-state devices for managing the solid-state devices. The controller may be configured to globally coordinate the garbage collection activities of each of said optimized solid-state devices, for instance, to minimize the degraded performance time and increase the optimal performance time of the entire array of devices.

Dillow, David A; Ki, Youngjae; Oral, Hakki S; Shipman, Galen M; Wang, Feiyi

2014-04-29T23:59:59.000Z

409

Solid materials for removing arsenic and method thereof  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Solid materials have been developed to remove arsenic compounds from aqueous media. The arsenic is removed by passing the aqueous phase through the solid materials which can be in molded, granular, or powder form. The solid materials adsorb the arsenic leaving a purified aqueous stream. The materials are aerogels or xerogels and aerogels or xerogels and solid support structure, e.g., granulated activated carbon (GAC), mixtures. The species-specific adsorption occurs through specific chemical modifications of the solids tailored towards arsenic.

Coronado, Paul R. (Livermore, CA); Coleman, Sabre J. (Oakland, CA); Sanner, Robert D. (Livermore, CA); Dias, Victoria L. (Livermore, CA); Reynolds, John G. (San Ramon, CA)

2008-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

410

Solid Oxide Fuel Cells | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Solid Oxide Fuel Cells Solid Oxide Fuel Cells Solid Oxide Fuel Cells FE researchers at NETL have developed a unique test platform, called the multi-cell array (MCA), to rapidly test multiple fuel cells and determine how they degrade when contaminants exist in the fuel stream, such as might occur when using syngas from a coal gasifier. FE researchers at NETL have developed a unique test platform, called the multi-cell array (MCA), to rapidly test multiple fuel cells and determine how they degrade when contaminants exist in the fuel stream, such as might occur when using syngas from a coal gasifier. Fuel cells are an energy user's dream: an efficient, combustion-less, virtually pollution-free power source, capable of being sited in downtown urban areas or in remote regions that runs almost silently and has few

411

NREL: Energy Sciences - Solid-State Theory  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Solid-State Theory Solid-State Theory Image showing a roughly spherical red shape that looks like an apple that is floating within a yellow hemispherical shell. The shell is floating over a square below that shows an orange ring pattern bordered by yellow, then light blue, then darker blue. Square of the wave function (red) of a hole state in a spherical CdSe colloidal quantum dot (shape in yellow). The main research activities of the Solid-State Theory team within NREL's Theoretical Materials Science Group include the following: Theory of photovoltaic semiconductors Statistical and electronic theory of metal and semiconductor alloys Semiconductor nanostructures Inverse design of materials Computational methods in first-principles theories. This team provides the main theoretical thrust in the Center for Inverse

412

SolidStateLEDfactSheet04a  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

research program in research program in solid-state lighting Sandia National Laboratories has a long history of research in semiconductor optoelectronic devices. We were pioneers in the technology of the vertical cavity surface emitting laser, or VCSEL, which is now a mainstay of the telecommunications industry. A few years ago we began to realize the tremendous possibilities presented by harnessing semiconductor technology for lighting. Sandia, working with leading industrial scientists from Agilent, wrote some of the first papers on solid-state lighting. In 2000, we helped the Department of Energy and the Optoelectronics Industry Development Association (OIDA) organize a national Solid-State Lighting Technology Roadmapping Workshop. That workshop identified the major scientific

413

Pulse Jet Mixing Tests With Noncohesive Solids  

SciTech Connect

This report summarizes results from pulse jet mixing (PJM) tests with noncohesive solids in Newtonian liquid. The tests were conducted during FY 2007 and 2008 to support the design of mixing systems for the Hanford Waste Treatment and Immobilization Plant (WTP). Tests were conducted at three geometric scales using noncohesive simulants, and the test data were used to develop models predicting two measures of mixing performance for full-scale WTP vessels. The models predict the cloud height (the height to which solids will be lifted by the PJM action) and the critical suspension velocity (the minimum velocity needed to ensure all solids are suspended off the floor, though not fully mixed). From the cloud height, the concentration of solids at the pump inlet can be estimated. The predicted critical suspension velocity for lifting all solids is not precisely the same as the mixing requirement for 'disturbing' a sufficient volume of solids, but the values will be similar and closely related. These predictive models were successfully benchmarked against larger scale tests and compared well with results from computational fluid dynamics simulations. The application of the models to assess mixing in WTP vessels is illustrated in examples for 13 distinct designs and selected operational conditions. The values selected for these examples are not final; thus, the estimates of performance should not be interpreted as final conclusions of design adequacy or inadequacy. However, this work does reveal that several vessels may require adjustments to design, operating features, or waste feed properties to ensure confidence in operation. The models described in this report will prove to be valuable engineering tools to evaluate options as designs are finalized for the WTP. Revision 1 refines data sets used for model development and summarizes models developed since the completion of Revision 0.

Meyer, Perry A.; Bamberger, Judith A.; Enderlin, Carl W.; Fort, James A.; Wells, Beric E.; Sundaram, S. K.; Scott, Paul A.; Minette, Michael J.; Smith, Gary L.; Burns, Carolyn A.; Greenwood, Margaret S.; Morgen, Gerald P.; Baer, Ellen BK; Snyder, Sandra F.; White, Michael K.; Piepel, Gregory F.; Amidan, Brett G.; Heredia-Langner, Alejandro

2012-02-17T23:59:59.000Z

414

Solid Waste Policies (Iowa) | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Policies (Iowa) Policies (Iowa) Solid Waste Policies (Iowa) < Back Eligibility Agricultural Commercial Fuel Distributor Industrial Investor-Owned Utility Local Government Municipal/Public Utility Rural Electric Cooperative Tribal Government Utility Program Info State Iowa Program Type Environmental Regulations Provider Iowa Department of Natural Resources This statute establishes the support of the state for alternative waste management practices that reduce the reliance upon land disposal and incorporate resource recovery. Cities and counties are required to establish and operate a comprehensive solid waste reduction program. These regulations discuss land application of processed wastes as well as requirements for sanitary landfills and for groundwater monitoring near land disposal sites

415

Solid Waste Management (Michigan) | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Michigan) Michigan) Solid Waste Management (Michigan) < Back Eligibility Utility Fed. Government Commercial Agricultural Investor-Owned Utility State/Provincial Govt Industrial Construction Municipal/Public Utility Local Government Residential Installer/Contractor Rural Electric Cooperative Tribal Government Low-Income Residential Schools Retail Supplier Institutional Multi-Family Residential Systems Integrator Fuel Distributor Nonprofit General Public/Consumer Transportation Program Info State Michigan Program Type Siting and Permitting Provider Department of Environmental Quality This Act encourages the Department of Environmental Quality and Health Department representatives to develop and encourage methods for disposing solid waste that are environmentally sound, that maximize the utilization

416

Solid Waste Management (Connecticut) | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Connecticut) Connecticut) Solid Waste Management (Connecticut) < Back Eligibility Agricultural Commercial Construction Fed. Government Fuel Distributor General Public/Consumer Industrial Installer/Contractor Institutional Investor-Owned Utility Local Government Low-Income Residential Multi-Family Residential Municipal/Public Utility Nonprofit Residential Retail Supplier Rural Electric Cooperative Schools State/Provincial Govt Systems Integrator Transportation Tribal Government Utility Program Info State Connecticut Program Type Siting and Permitting Provider Department of Energy and Environmental Protection Solid waste facilities operating in Connecticut must abide by these regulations, which describe requirements and procedures for issuing construction and operating permits; environmental considerations;

417

Hanford Site Solid Waste Acceptance Criteria  

SciTech Connect

This manual defines the Hanford Site radioactive, hazardous, and sanitary solid waste acceptance criteria. Criteria in the manual represent a guide for meeting state and federal regulations; DOE Orders; Hanford Site requirements; and other rules, regulations, guidelines, and standards as they apply to acceptance of radioactive and hazardous solid waste at the Hanford Site. It is not the intent of this manual to be all inclusive of the regulations; rather, it is intended that the manual provide the waste generator with only the requirements that waste must meet in order to be accepted at Hanford Site TSD facilities.

Not Available

1993-11-17T23:59:59.000Z

418

Effects of Time, Heat, and Oxygen on K Basin Sludge Agglomeration, Strength, and Solids Volume  

SciTech Connect

Sludge disposition will be managed in two phases under the K Basin Sludge Treatment Project. The first phase is to retrieve the sludge that currently resides in engineered containers in the K West (KW) Basin pool at ~10 to 18C. The second phase is to retrieve the sludge from interim storage in the sludge transport and storage containers (STSCs) and treat and package it in preparation for eventual shipment to the Waste Isolation Pilot Plant. The work described in this report was conducted to gain insight into how sludge may change during long-term containerized storage in the STSCs. To accelerate potential physical and chemical changes, the tests were performed at temperatures and oxygen partial pressures significantly greater than those expected in the T Plant canyon cells where the STSCs will be stored. Tests were conducted to determine the effects of 50C oxygenated water exposure on settled quiescent uraninite (UO2) slurry and a full simulant of KW containerized sludge to determine the effects of oxygen and heat on the composition and mechanical properties of sludge. Shear-strength measurements by vane rheometry also were conducted for UO2 slurry, mixtures of UO2 and metaschoepite (UO32H2O), and for simulated KW containerized sludge. The results from these tests and related previous tests are compared to determine whether the settled solids in the K Basin sludge materials change in volume because of oxidation of UO2 by dissolved atmospheric oxygen to form metaschoepite. The test results also are compared to determine if heating or other factors alter sludge volumes and to determine the effects of sludge composition and settling times on sludge shear strength. It has been estimated that the sludge volume will increase with time because of a uranium metal ? uraninite ? metaschoepite oxidation sequence. This increase could increase the number of containers required for storage and increase overall costs of sludge management activities. However, the volume might decrease because of decreases in the water-volume fraction caused by sludge solid reactions, compaction, or intergrowth and recrystallization of metaschoepite. In that case, fewer STSCs may be needed, but the shear strength would increase, and this could challenge recovery by water jet erosion and require more aggressive retrieval methods. Overall, the tests described herein indicate that the settled solids volume remains the same or decreases with time. The only case for which the sludge solids volumes increase with time is for the expansion factor attendant upon the anoxic corrosion of uranium metal to produce UO2 and subsequent reaction with oxygen to form equimolar UO2.25 and UO32H2O.

Delegard, Calvin H.; Sinkov, Sergey I.; Schmidt, Andrew J.; Daniel, Richard C.; Burns, Carolyn A.

2011-01-04T23:59:59.000Z

419

doi:10.1016/j.gca.2004.12.011 Stable boron isotope fractionation between dissolved B(OH)3 and B(OH)4  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

doi:10.1016/j.gca.2004.12.011 Stable boron isotope fractionation between dissolved B(OH)3 and B; accepted in revised form December 23, 2004) Abstract--The stable boron isotope ratio (11 B/10 B) in marine not provide a constraint on stable boron isotope fractionation. I conclude that in order to anchor

Zeebe, Richard E.

420

Purification, Recovery, and Laser-Driven Fluorination of Silicon from Dissolved and Particulate Silica for the Measurement of Natural Stable Isotope Abundances  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Purification, Recovery, and Laser-Driven Fluorination of Silicon from Dissolved and Particulate Silica for the Measurement of Natural Stable Isotope Abundances ... At least three simple techniques exist for this:? fusion of SiO2 with Na2CO3 to form water-soluble sodium silicate, dissolution in HF, or dissolution in NaOH. ...

Christina L. De La Rocha; Mark A. Brzezinski; Michael J. DeNiro

1996-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "dissolved solids tds" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


421

Dissolved inorganic carbon isotopic composition of low-temperature axial and ridge-flank hydrothermal fluids of the Juan de Fuca Ridge  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

carbon isotopic composition of low-temperature axial and ridge-flank hydrothermal fluids of the Juan deDissolved inorganic carbon isotopic composition of low-temperature axial and ridge-flank hydrothermal fluids of the Juan de Fuca Ridge Brett D. Walker a,, Matthew D. McCarthy a , Andrew T. Fisher b

Fisher, Andrew

422

Reading Comprehension - Properties of Solids, Liquids, and Gases  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Properties of Solids, Liquids, and Gases Properties of Solids, Liquids, and Gases A solid has a definite _________ mass texture volume and a _________ 3D irregular definite shape. The particles in a solid are _________ free to move around motionless packed tightly together . Particles in a solid move by _________ sliding past one another vibrating back and forth slightly jiggling around . _________ Viscosity Amorphous Crystalline solids soften before melting. The particles in this type of solid are not arranged in regular pattern. Amorphous solids _________ do don't have a distinct melting point. Crystalline solids have a _________ distinct color and shape distinct pattern and melting point . Liquids have no _________ volume mass shape of their own. A liquid takes the shape of its container. Without a container liquids spread into a wide,

423

Energy aspects of solid waste management: Proceedings  

SciTech Connect

The Eighteenth Annual Illinois Energy Conference entitled ``Energy Aspects of Solid Waste Management`` was held in Chicago, Illinois on October 29--30, 1990. The conference program was developed by a planning committee that drew upon Illinois energy and environmental specialists from the major sectors including energy industries, environmental organizations, research universities, utility companies, federal, state and local government agencies, and public interest groups. Within this framework, the committee identified a number of key topic areas surrounding solid waste management in Illinois which were the focus of the conference. These issues included: review of the main components of the solid waste cycle in the Midwest and what the relative impact of waste reduction, recycling, incineration and land disposal might be on Illinois` and the Midwest`s solid waste management program. Investigation of special programs in the Midwest dealing with sewage sludge, combustion residuals and medical/infectious wastes. Review of the status of existing landfills in Illinois and the Midwest and an examination of the current plans for siting of new land disposal systems. Review of the status of incinerators and waste-to-energy systems in Illinois and the Midwest, as well as an update on activities to maximize methane production from landfills in the Midwest.

Not Available

1990-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

424

Solid composite electrolytes for lithium batteries  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Solid composite electrolytes are provided for use in lithium batteries which exhibit moderate to high ionic conductivity at ambient temperatures and low activation energies. In one embodiment, a ceramic-ceramic composite electrolyte is provided containing lithium nitride and lithium phosphate. The ceramic-ceramic composite is also preferably annealed and exhibits an activation energy of about 0.1 eV.

Kumar, Binod (Dayton, OH); Scanlon, Jr., Lawrence G. (Fairborn, OH)

2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

425

Novel rare earth boron-rich solids  

SciTech Connect

A new series of boron-rich solids ReB{sub 22}C{sub 2}N (Re: Y, Ho, Er, Tm, Lu) was synthesized by traditional solid-state reaction. The crystal structure of the representative compound YB{sub 22}C{sub 2}N was solved by direct method from powder X-ray diffraction (XRD) data and transmission electron microscope (TEM) analysis. The unit cell of the new structure is rhombohedral with space group R-3m (No. 166), lattice constant a = b = 5.623(0) {angstrom} and c = 44.785(3) {angstrom} with six formula units in one unit cell. The atoms of boron in the solids, like most of the boron-rich solids, exist with icosahedral and octahedral clusters, and the whole crystal shows a layered structure. The interconnected nine layers of icosahedron and three layers of octahedron in a unit cell build the whole framework of the new phase and rare earth metal atoms reside in voids of the octahedron layers. The neighboring icosahedral layers link through C-B-C chains besides the direct bonding of B-B. Both experimental and structural analysis indicated that the nitrogen atoms in the new phase can be replaced with carbon.

Zhang, Fuxiang; Leithe-Jasper, Andreas; Xu, Jun; Mori, Takao; Matsui, Yoshio, Tanaka, Takaho; Okada, Shigeru

2001-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

426

Frustrated Organic Solids Display Unexpected Gas Sorption  

SciTech Connect

Calixarene based organic solid can hold guests such as toluene and other organic molecules we have discovered a new type of material which believe involves a frustration of the solvate lattice as it moves toward the thermodynamically stable desolvated state. The intermediated phase with partial solvent content unexpectedly sorbs gases such as carbon dioxide and highly explosive acetylene deep inside the crystal lattice.

Thallapally, Praveen K.; Dalgarno, Scott J.; Atwood, Jerry L.

2006-11-27T23:59:59.000Z

427

Elementary Excitations in a Solid Nuclear Matter  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......interaction, magnon has an energy gap of the order of 100 MeV...isomagnon is gapless. The energy is lowered by O(100 MeV...which further lowers the energy by O(100 MeV/nucleon...and Isospin Waves in a Solid Nuclear Matter Koichi Takahashi Progress......

Koichi Takahashi

1991-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

428

Tribological Characterization of Carbon Based Solid Lubricants  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

lubrication modes. ..................... 10 Figure 5. Typical Stribeck Curve [22]. ..................................................................... 11 Figure 6. This figure illustrates the lamellar structure of graphite. ........................... 13... or low pressures, and high and low operating speeds. For purposes of this research, the extreme conditions will refer to high temperatures, and low pressures. The most common types of solid lubricants encompass four materials: graphite, molybdenum...

Sanchez, Carlos Joel

2012-10-19T23:59:59.000Z

429

Mechanical Stress and Reactivity in Organic Solids  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...STOICHEFF, B.P., RARE GAS SOLIDS 2 : CH16 ( 1977...Specialty Operations, Corpus Christi, TX 78469. M. D. Holngswort...contains 13C or 180 in natural abundance. It is crucial...second radical, it is natural that the latter motion...

J. MICHAEL MCBRIDE; BRIGITTE E. SEGMULLER; MARK D. HOLLINGSWORTH; DAVID E. MILLS; BRUCE A. WEBER

1986-11-14T23:59:59.000Z

430

Louisiana Solid Waste Management and Resource Recovery Law (Louisiana) |  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Louisiana Solid Waste Management and Resource Recovery Law Louisiana Solid Waste Management and Resource Recovery Law (Louisiana) Louisiana Solid Waste Management and Resource Recovery Law (Louisiana) < Back Eligibility Agricultural Construction Developer Industrial Investor-Owned Utility Municipal/Public Utility Rural Electric Cooperative Utility Program Info State Louisiana Program Type Environmental Regulations Provider Louisiana Department of Environmental Quality The Louisiana Department of Environmental Quality manages solid waste for the state of Louisiana under the authority of the Solid Waste Management and Resource Recover Law. The Department makes rules and regulations that establish standards governing the storage, collection, processing, recovery and reuse, and disposal of solid waste; implement a management program that

431

Solid-State Lighting: 2010 Municipal Consortium Southwest Region Workshop  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

0 Municipal Consortium 0 Municipal Consortium Southwest Region Workshop Materials to someone by E-mail Share Solid-State Lighting: 2010 Municipal Consortium Southwest Region Workshop Materials on Facebook Tweet about Solid-State Lighting: 2010 Municipal Consortium Southwest Region Workshop Materials on Twitter Bookmark Solid-State Lighting: 2010 Municipal Consortium Southwest Region Workshop Materials on Google Bookmark Solid-State Lighting: 2010 Municipal Consortium Southwest Region Workshop Materials on Delicious Rank Solid-State Lighting: 2010 Municipal Consortium Southwest Region Workshop Materials on Digg Find More places to share Solid-State Lighting: 2010 Municipal Consortium Southwest Region Workshop Materials on AddThis.com... Conferences & Meetings Presentations Publications

432

Solid-State Lighting: 2011 Municipal Consortium Southeast Region Workshop  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

1 Municipal Consortium 1 Municipal Consortium Southeast Region Workshop Materials to someone by E-mail Share Solid-State Lighting: 2011 Municipal Consortium Southeast Region Workshop Materials on Facebook Tweet about Solid-State Lighting: 2011 Municipal Consortium Southeast Region Workshop Materials on Twitter Bookmark Solid-State Lighting: 2011 Municipal Consortium Southeast Region Workshop Materials on Google Bookmark Solid-State Lighting: 2011 Municipal Consortium Southeast Region Workshop Materials on Delicious Rank Solid-State Lighting: 2011 Municipal Consortium Southeast Region Workshop Materials on Digg Find More places to share Solid-State Lighting: 2011 Municipal Consortium Southeast Region Workshop Materials on AddThis.com... Conferences & Meetings Presentations Publications

433

A sequential checklist for the assessment of natural attenuation of dissolved petroleum contaminant plumes from leaking underground storage tanks  

SciTech Connect

Estimates of the number of leaking underground storage tanks (UST) are measured in the hundreds of thousands in the United States alone. The discussion in this article largely pertains to the lighter motor fuels which contain aromatic petroleum hydrocarbons. These include benzene, toluene, ethylbenzene and xylenes (BTEX). The occurrence of dissolved BTEX groundwater contaminant plumes is most commonly associated with leaking gasoline USTs. However, their association with other petroleum products is not uncommon. this article and checklist provide guidance for completing UST assessments, which can support the decision-making process presented in the ASTM Emergency Standard Guide. Following the checklist will measure that the initial site assessment results in an accurate and functional characterization of the details and subtleties of the UST Source Impact Zone. This includes evaluating the UST area to identify release pathways for residual contamination in soil and groundwater. Based on the results obtained from the Source Impact Zone Evaluation, natural attenuation can be assessed for its applicability and performance.

De Rose, N. [Langan Engineering and Environmental Services, Inc., Doylestown, PA (United States)

1995-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

434

The effect of water temperature on the adsorption equilibrium of dissolved organic matter and atrazine on granular activated carbon  

SciTech Connect

The influence of water temperature on the adsorption of natural dissolved organic matter (DOM) on activated carbon has not been investigated intensively yet. In this study, batch experiments with granular activated carbon (GAC) F300, from bituminous coal, have been carried out at three temperatures (5, 20, 35{sup o} C) using a humic acid model water and different types of surface water (lake, river, canal). Furthermore, the adsorption of an anthropogenic contaminant, atrazine, was quantified in the absence and presence of DOM. The results indicate a significant influence of water temperature on the adsorption equilibrium of DOM and atrazine. Contrary to expectations, DOM and atrazine adsorption in surface water tends to be increased with increasing water temperature, whereas the extent of this effect is dependent on the type and concentration of DOM. Furthermore, the temperature effect on atrazine adsorption is controlled by competition of DOM and atrazine on adsorption sites. Some assumptions are proposed and discussed for explaining the temperature effects observed in the batch studies. 39 refs., 4 figs., 2 tabs.

Bernd Schreiber; Viktor Schmalz; Thomas Brinkmann; Eckhard Worch [Dresden University of Technology, Dresden (Germany). Institute of Water Chemistry

2007-09-15T23:59:59.000Z

435

Precise determination of dissolved platinum in seawater of the Japan Sea, Sea of Okhotsk and western North Pacific Ocean  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Platinum is among the least abundant elements in the earth's crust and is now widely used in various products such as catalytic converters in automobiles and anticancer drugs. Consequently, the concentration of Pt in urban aquatic environments is increasing. However, little is known about the distributions and geochemical cycles of Pt in the ocean owing to its low concentrations in seawater (Pacific Ocean. For determining sub-picomolar levels of Pt in seawater, we used isotope-dilution ICP-MS (Inductively Coupled Plasma Mass Spectrometry) after column preconcentration with an anion exchange resin. This method facilitated highly accurate analysis of Pt in seawater using small sample volumes (~1L). The detection limit and procedural blank value for this method were 0.015 and approximately 0.01pmol/L, respectively. We obtained conservative vertical distributions, with nearly constant Pt concentrations between 0.19 and 0.25pmol/L in the Japan Sea, Sea of Okhotsk, and western North Pacific Ocean. Judging from the constant dissolved Pt profiles, little anthropogenic influence of Pt is apparent in the open oceans at the present time.

Asami Suzuki; Hajime Obata; Ayako Okubo; Toshitaka Gamo

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

436

Charge transfer kinetics at the solidsolid interface in porous electrodes  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Interfacial charge transfer is widely assumed to obey the ButlerVolmer kinetics. For certain liquidsolid interfaces, the MarcusHushChidsey theory is more accurate and predictive, but it has not been applied to porous ...

Bai, Peng

437

Solid waste disposal options: an optimum disposal model for the management of municipal solid waste  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

and compostable material was generally burned in backyards. In 1970, the Clean Air Act was passed restricting the burning of leaves and other yard waste. ' These wastes were then disposed in landfills. As landfills reached capacity, commu- nities composted... separation pro- grams because of their "throw-away" mentality. " ~ln in r ttgtt Incineration is the controlled burning of the combustible fraction of solid waste. The first electrical generating station in the United States that was fueled by solid waste...

Haney, Brenda Ann

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

438

National Energy Technology Laboratory Publishes Solid Oxide Fuel Cell  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

National Energy Technology Laboratory Publishes Solid Oxide Fuel National Energy Technology Laboratory Publishes Solid Oxide Fuel Cell Studies National Energy Technology Laboratory Publishes Solid Oxide Fuel Cell Studies July 23, 2013 - 1:07pm Addthis National Energy Technology Laboratory Publishes Solid Oxide Fuel Cell Studies What does this project do? For more information on DOE's efforts to make solid oxide fuel cells an efficient and economically compelling option, please visit: The NETL Solid Oxide Fuel Cells Program Webpage Solid oxide fuel cells are among the cleanest, most efficient power-generating technologies now being developed. They provide excellent electrical efficiencies and are capable of operating on a wide variety of fuels, from coal and natural gas to landfill waste and hydrogen. And with continued advancements, solid oxide fuel cells can provide clean

439

Heat Pump Water Heater using Solid-State Energy Converters |...  

Energy Savers (EERE)

Heat Pump Water Heater using Solid-State Energy Converters Heat Pump Water Heater using Solid-State Energy Converters Sheetak will work on developing a full scale prototype of its...

440

Separation of solids from coal liquefaction products using sonic waves  

SciTech Connect

Product streams containing solids are generated in both direct and indirect coal liquefaction processes. This project seeks to improve the effectiveness of coal liquefaction by novel application of sonic and ultrasonic energy to separation of solids from coal liquefaction streams.

Slomka, B.J.

1994-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "dissolved solids tds" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


441

Assessing the performance of recent density functionals for bulk solids  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We assess the performance of recent density functionals for the exchange-correlation energy of a nonmolecular solid, by applying accurate calculations with the GAUSSIAN, BAND, and VASP codes to a test set of 24 solid metals ...

Csonka, Gabor I.

442

Wave motions in unbounded poroelastic solids infused with compressible fluids  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Wave motions in unbounded poroelastic solids infused with compressible fluids S. Quiligotti, G at proposing a two-scale constitutive theory of a poroelastic solid infused with an inviscid compressible fluid

443

Reversible Poisoning of the Nickel/Zirconia Solid Oxide Fuel...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Poisoning of the NickelZirconia Solid Oxide Fuel Cell Anodes by Hydrogen Chloride in Coal Gas. Reversible Poisoning of the NickelZirconia Solid Oxide Fuel Cell Anodes by Hydrogen...

444

Breakout Group 5: Solid Oxide Fuel Cells | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Breakout Group 5: Solid Oxide Fuel Cells Breakout Group 5: Solid Oxide Fuel Cells Report from Breakout Group 5 of the Fuel Cell Pre-Solicitation Workshop, January 23-24, 2008...

445

Lithium-ion batteries having conformal solid electrolyte layers  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Hybrid solid-liquid electrolyte lithium-ion battery devices are disclosed. Certain devices comprise anodes and cathodes conformally coated with an electron insulating and lithium ion conductive solid electrolyte layer.

Kim, Gi-Heon; Jung, Yoon Seok

2014-05-27T23:59:59.000Z

446

Solid-state hydrogen storage: Storage capacity, thermodynamics, and kinetics  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Solid-state reversible hydrogen storage systems hold great promise for onboard applications. ... key criteria for a successful solid-state reversible storage material are high storage capacity, suitable thermodyn...

William Osborn; Tippawan Markmaitree; Leon L. Shaw; Ruiming Ren; Jianzhi Hu

2009-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

447

Friction Stir and Ultrasonic Solid State Joining of Magnesium...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

and Ultrasonic Solid State Joining of Magnesium to Steel Friction Stir and Ultrasonic Solid State Joining of Magnesium to Steel 2012 DOE Hydrogen and Fuel Cells Program and Vehicle...

448

Title 18 Alaska Administrative Code Chapter 60 Solid Waste Management...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Solid Waste Management Jump to: navigation, search OpenEI Reference LibraryAdd to library Legal Document- RegulationRegulation: Title 18 Alaska Administrative Code Chapter 60 Solid...

449

Phase Behavior and Solid State Chemistry of Olivines | Department...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Phase Behavior and Solid State Chemistry of Olivines Phase Behavior and Solid State Chemistry of Olivines Presentation from the U.S. DOE Office of Vehicle Technologies "Mega" Merit...

450

Effect of Coal Gas Contaminants on Solid Oxide Fuel Cell Operation...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Coal Gas Contaminants on Solid Oxide Fuel Cell Operation. Effect of Coal Gas Contaminants on Solid Oxide Fuel Cell Operation. Abstract: The operation of solid oxide fuel cells...

451

Suppression of large-scale perturbations by stiff solid  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Evolution of large-scale scalar perturbations in the presence of stiff solid (solid with pressure to energy density ratio > 1/3) is studied. If the solid dominated the dynamics of the universe long enough, the perturbations could end up suppressed by as much as several orders of magnitude. To avoid too steep large-angle power spectrum of CMB, radiation must have prevailed over the solid long enough before recombination.

Balek, Vladimr

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

452

Automation of Fluorous Solid-Phase Extraction for Parallel Synthesis  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Automation of Fluorous Solid-Phase Extraction for Parallel Synthesis ... Cartridge conditioning, sample loading, elution, and rinsing are automated. ...

Wei Zhang; Yimin Lu

2006-10-17T23:59:59.000Z

453

PHYSICS "636, SOLID STATE II: BOOKS Christopher Henley, spring 2012  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

transport, and density- functional theory. This covers many of our topics, at the level of the advanced Theory (1970). QC 176.H32 ­ The first half of this book corresponds to Solid State I, the second to SolidPHYSICS "636, SOLID STATE II: BOOKS Christopher Henley, spring 2012 My basic "text" will be set

Henley, Christopher L.

454

COMPUTATIONAL FLUID DYNAMICS MODELING OF SOLID OXIDE FUEL CELLS  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

COMPUTATIONAL FLUID DYNAMICS MODELING OF SOLID OXIDE FUEL CELLS Ugur Pasaogullari and Chao-dimensional model has been developed to simulate solid oxide fuel cells (SOFC). The model fully couples current density operation. INTRODUCTION Solid oxide fuel cells (SOFC) are among possible candidates

455

A New Instrument For Characterizing Solid Oxide Fuel Cell Catalysts  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

RESEARCH HIGHLIGHTS A New Instrument For Characterizing Solid Oxide Fuel Cell Catalysts From fuels to renewable energy sources. Solid oxide fuel cells (SOFCs) have enormous potential in this area A New Instrument For Characterizing Solid Oxide Fuel Cell Catalysts Rob Usiskin In partnership

456

A VACANCY MODEL IN SOLID HELIUM IV B. CASTAING  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

536 A VACANCY MODEL IN SOLID HELIUM IV B. CASTAING Groupe de Physique des Solides de l here a new approach to the problem of vacancies in solid Helium 4, describing them as small liquid droplets. In this model the vacancy effective mass is very small : 0.1 mHe, where mHe is the atomic mass

Boyer, Edmond

457

Citation Analysis Method - Solid-State Lighting  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

2 2 | Headline News | Tracking Reports | Hot Technical Papers | Citation Analysis Method | Credits & Disclaimer | CITATION ANALYSIS METHODOLOGY To examine emerging science and technology knowledge domains that may someday intersect solid-state lighting, we used a citation analysis method similar to that pioneered by the Institute of Scientific Information (ISI). (For more information, see ISI's in-cites website). The analysis below was conducted in August of 2004 and will be updated periodically. First, we searched the ISI database for recent technical articles (from January 2002 on) containing key words associated with solid-state lighting. Second, we made a scatter plot of the number of citations* to these articles as a function of publication date. On that plot, we draw a curve

458

Microsoft Word - Solid Waste at Hanford  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Use of American Recovery and Use of American Recovery and Reinvestment Act of 2009 Funds on Solid Waste Project Activities at the Department of Energy's Hanford Site OAS-RA-L-11-08 May 2011 DOE F 1325.8 (08-93) United States Government Department of Energy Memorandum DATE: May19, 2011 Audit Report Number: OAS-RA-L-11-08 REPLY TO ATTN OF: IG-34 (A10RA041) SUBJECT: Report on "Use of American Recovery and Reinvestment Act of 2009 Funds on Solid Waste Project Activities at the Department of Energy's Hanford Site" TO: Assistant Secretary for Environmental Management INTRODUCTION AND OBJECTIVE The Department of Energy's (Department), Richland Operations Office (Richland), awarded a contract, effective October 1, 2008, to CH2M HILL Plateau Remediation Company (CHPRC) to

459

Sintered electrode for solid oxide fuel cells  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A solid oxide fuel cell fuel electrode is produced by a sintering process. An underlayer is applied to the electrolyte of a solid oxide fuel cell in the form of a slurry, which is then dried. An overlayer is applied to the underlayer and then dried. The dried underlayer and overlayer are then sintered to form a fuel electrode. Both the underlayer and the overlayer comprise a combination of electrode metal such as nickel, and stabilized zirconia such as yttria-stabilized zirconia, with the overlayer comprising a greater percentage of electrode metal. The use of more stabilized zirconia in the underlayer provides good adhesion to the electrolyte of the fuel cell, while the use of more electrode metal in the overlayer provides good electrical conductivity. The sintered fuel electrode is less expensive to produce compared with conventional electrodes made by electrochemical vapor deposition processes. The sintered electrodes exhibit favorable performance characteristics, including good porosity, adhesion, electrical conductivity and freedom from degradation.

Ruka, Roswell J. (Pittsburgh, PA); Warner, Kathryn A. (Bryan, TX)

1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

460

Generator configuration for solid oxide fuel cells  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Disclosed are improvements in a solid oxide fuel cell generator 1 having a multiplicity of electrically connected solid oxide fuel cells 2, where a fuel gas is passed over one side of said cells and an oxygen-containing gas is passed over the other side of said cells resulting in the generation of heat and electricity. The improvements comprise arranging the cells in the configuration of a circle, a spiral, or folded rows within a cylindrical generator, and modifying the flow rate, oxygen concentration, and/or temperature of the oxygen-containing gases that flow to those cells that are at the periphery of the generator relative to those cells that are at the center of the generator. In these ways, a more uniform temperature is obtained throughout the generator.

Reichner, Philip (Plum Boro, PA)

1989-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "dissolved solids tds" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


461

Integrated solid waste management of Minneapolis, Minnesota  

SciTech Connect

The subject document reports the results of an in-depth investigation of the fiscal year 1992 cost of the City of Minneapolis, Minnesota (Hennepin County) integrated municipal solid waste management (IMSWM) system, the energy consumed to operate the system, and the environmental performance requirements for each of the system`s waste-processing and disposal facilities. Actual data from records kept by participants is reported in this document. Every effort was made to minimize the use of assumptions, and no attempt is made to interpret the data reported. Analytical approaches are documented so that interested analysts may perform manipulation or further analysis of the data. As such, the report is a reference document for municipal solid waste (MSW) management professionals who are interested in the actual costs and energy consumption for a one-year period, of an operating IMSWM system.

NONE

1995-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

462

Solid tags for identifying failed reactor components  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A solid tag material which generates stable detectable, identifiable, and measurable isotopic gases on exposure to a neutron flux to be placed in a nuclear reactor component, particularly a fuel element, in order to identify the reactor component in event of its failure. Several tag materials consisting of salts which generate a multiplicity of gaseous isotopes in predetermined ratios are used to identify different reactor components.

Bunch, Wilbur L. (Richland, WA); Schenter, Robert E. (Richland, WA)

1987-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

463

1993 baseline solid waste management system description  

SciTech Connect

Pacific Northwest Laboratory has prepared this report under the direction of Westinghouse Hanford Company. The report provides an integrated description of the system planned for managing Hanford`s solid low-level waste, low-level mixed waste, transuranic waste, and transuranic mixed waste. The primary purpose of this document is to illustrate a collective view of the key functions planned at the Hanford Site to handle existing waste inventories, as well as solid wastes that will be generated in the future. By viewing this system as a whole rather than as individual projects, key facility interactions and requirements are identified and a better understanding of the overall system may be gained. The system is described so as to form a basis for modeling the system at various levels of detail. Model results provide insight into issues such as facility capacity requirements, alternative system operating strategies, and impacts of system changes (ie., startup dates). This description of the planned Hanford solid waste processing system: defines a baseline system configuration; identifies the entering waste streams to be managed within the system; identifies basic system functions and waste flows; and highlights system constraints. This system description will evolve and be revised as issues are resolved, planning decisions are made, additional data are collected, and assumptions are tested and changed. Out of necessity, this document will also be revised and updated so that a documented system description, which reflects current system planning, is always available for use by engineers and managers. It does not provide any results generated from the many alternatives that will be modeled in the course of analyzing solid waste disposal options; such results will be provided in separate documents.

Armacost, L.L.; Fowler, R.A.; Konynenbelt, H.S.

1994-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

464

Mapping a solid onto an effective liquid  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The most notable success of the various density-functional theories of freezing is achieved for hard spheres where the density change upon freezing is relatively large, while they more or less equally fail when applied to soft inverse-power interactions where the density change upon freezing is much smaller. It is argued that this relatively large density change makes the hard-sphere freezing results insensitive to physics details in the density-functional calculational setup. As an example, it is demonstrated that the equations of state for the solid near melting as obtained by all the leading density-functional theories of freezing, in their particularly successful application to the freezing of hard spheres and hard disks, are related by a trivial parabola-shift transformation from the liquid excess free energy onto that for the solid. Conclusions regarding the relative merit of the free-energy functionals, which are based only on their performance for the hard-sphere fluid-solid transition, can be misleading.

Yaakov Rosenfeld

1991-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

465

Fluid-bed combustion of solid wastes  

SciTech Connect

For over ten years combustion Power Company has been conducting experimental programs and developing fluid bed systems for agencies of the federal government and for private industry and institutions. Many of these activities have involved systems for the combustion of solid waste materials. Discussed here will be three categories of programs, development of Municipal Solid Waste (MSW) fired fluid beds, development of wood waste fired fluid beds, and industrial installations. Research and development work on wood wastes has led to the design and construction of two large industrial fluid bed combustors. In one of these, a fluid bed is used for the generation of steam with a fuel that was previously suited only for landfill. Rocks and inerts are continuously removed from this combustor using a patented system. The second FBC is designed to use a variety of fuels as the source of energy to dry hog fuel for use in a high performance power boiler. Here the FBC burns green hog fuel, log yard debris, fly ash (char) from the boiler, and dried wood fines to produce a hot gas system for the wood dryer. A significant advantage of the fluidized bed reactor over conventional incinerators is its ability to reduce noxious gas emission and, finally, the fluidized bed is unique in its ability to efficiently consume low quality fuels. The relatively high inerts and moisture content of solid wastes pose no serious problem and require no associated additional devices for their removal.

Vander Molen, R.H.

1980-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

466

Sedimentary sources of old high molecular weight dissolved organic carbon from the ocean margin benthic nepheloid layer  

SciTech Connect

Average {sup 14}C ages of dissolved organic carbon (DOC) in the ocean are 3--6,000 years, and are influenced by old DOC from continental margins. However, sources of DOC from terrestrial, autochthonous, and sedimentary organic carbon seem to be too young to be responsible for the old DOC observed in the ocean. Since colloidal organic carbon (COC, i.e., high molecular weight DOC), which is chemically very similar to that of bulk DOC, can be effectively isolated from seawater using cross-flow ultrafiltration, it can hold clues to sources and pathways of DOC turnover in the ocean. Radiocarbon measurements on COC in the water column and benthic nepheloid layer (BNL) from two continental margin areas (the Middle Atlantic Bight and the Gulf of Mexico) and controlled laboratory experiments were carried out to study sources of old DOC in the ocean margin areas. Vertical distributions of suspended particulate matter (SPM), particulate organic carbon (POC), nitrogen (PON), and DOC in the water column and bottom waters near the sediment-water interface all demonstrate a well developed benthic nepheloid layer in both ocean margin areas. COC from the BNL was much older than COC from the overlying water column. These results, together with strong concentration gradients of SPM, POC, PON, and DOC, suggest a sedimentary source for organic carbon species and possibly for old COC as well in BNL waters. This is confirmed by the results from controlled laboratory experiments. The heterogeneity of {Delta}{sup 14}C signatures in bulk SOC thus points to a preferential release of old organic components from sediment resuspension, which can be the transport mechanism of the old benthic COC observed in ocean margin areas. Old COC from continental margin nepheloid layers may thus be a potential source of old DOC to the deep ocean.

Guo, L. Santschi, P.H.

2000-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

467

Integrated process for coalbed brine disposal  

SciTech Connect

A brine disposal process is described that converts the brine stream of a coalbed gas producing site into clean water for agricultural use, combustion products and water vapor that can be released into the atmosphere and dry solids that can be recycled for industrial consumption. The process uses a reverse osmosis unit, a submerged combustion evaporator and a pulse combustion dryer. Pretreatment of the brine feedstream is necessary to prevent fouling of the membranes of the reverse osmosis unit and to separate from the brine stream hazardous metal and other constituents that may make the permeate from the reverse osmosis unit unsuitable for agricultural or other use. A chemical modeling code is used to calculate the saturation states of solids that may precipitate and foul the reverse osmosis membranes. Sodium carbonate is added to the brine to precipitate carbonates of Ba, Ca, Mg and Sr prior to filtration, acidification, and passage into the reverse osmosis unit. Optimization of the process in terms of types and amounts of additives is possible with analysis using the modeling code. The minimum amounts of additives to prevent scaling are calculated. In a typical operation, a brine feedstream of 1,000 m{sup 3}/day (6,290 bpd) that may have a total dissolved salt concentration (TDS) of 7,000 ppm will be separated into a permeate stream of 750 m{sup 3}/day (4,718 bpd) with a TDS of 400 ppm and a concentrated brine stream of 250 m{sup 3}/day (1,573 bpd) with a TDS of 26,800 ppm. The submerged combustion evaporator will concentrate this latter stream to a concentration of 268,000 ppm and reduce the volume to 25 m{sup 3}/day (158 bpd). The pulse combustion dryer can dry the concentrated brine mixture to a low moisture salt. Energy costs to operate the reverse osmosis unit are primarily the pumping costs.

Brandt, H. [AQUATECH Services, Inc., Fair Oaks, CA (United States)]|[California Univ., Davis, CA (United States). Dept. of Mechanical Engineering; Bourcier, W.L.; Jackson, K.J. [Lawrence Livermore National Lab., CA (United States)

1994-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

468

Molecular and Structural Characterization of Dissolved Organic Matter from the Deep Ocean by FTICR-MS, Including Hydrophilic Nitrogenous Organic Molecules  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Molecular and Structural Characterization of Dissolved Organic Matter from the Deep Ocean by FTICR-MS, Including Hydrophilic Nitrogenous Organic Molecules ... With its high mass resolving power it is, yet, the only technique to determine individual molecular species out of complex DOM mixtures, and with its mass accuracy it enables the calculation of molecular formulas for these species. ... The marine DOM budget comprises about 700 1015 g of carbon, and the majority of this material is stored in the deep oceans (7). ...

Thorsten Reemtsma; Anja These; Michael Linscheid; Jerry Leenheer; Alejandro Spitzy

2008-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

469

SOLIDS PRECIPITATION EVENT IN MCU CAUSAL ANALYSIS AND RECOMMENDATIONS FROM SOLIDS RECOVERY TEAM  

SciTech Connect

A process upset occurred in the Modular Caustic-Side Solvent Extraction Unit (MCU) facility on April 6th, 2014. During recovery efforts, a significant amount of solids were found in the Salt Solution Feed Tank (SSFT), Salt Solution Receipt Tanks (SSRTs), two extraction contactors, and scrub contactors. The solids were identified by Savannah River National Laboratory (SRNL) as primarily sodium oxalate and sodium alumina silicate (NAS) with the presence of some aluminum hydroxide. NAS solids have been present in the SSFT since simulant runs during cold chemical startup of MCU in 2007, and have not hindered operations since that time. During the process upset in April 2014, the oxalate solids partially blocked the aqueous outlet of the extraction contactors, causing salt solution to exit through the contactor organic outlet to the scrub contactors with the organic phase. This salt solution overwhelmed the scrub contactors and passed with the organic phase to the strip section of MCU. The partially reversed flow of salt solution resulted in a Strip Effluent (SE) stream that was high in Isopar L, pH and sodium. The primary cause of the excessive solids accumulation in the SSRTs and SSFT at MCU is attributed to an increase in the frequency of oxalic acid cleaning of the 512-S primary filter. Agitation in the SSRTs at MCU in response to cold weather likely provided the primary mechanism to transfer the solids to the contactors. Sources of the sodium oxalate solids are attributed to the oxalic acid cleaning solution used to clean the primary filter at the Actinide Removal Process (ARP) filtration at 512-S, as well as precipitation from the salt batch feed, which is at or near oxalate saturation. The Solids Recovery Team was formed to determine the cause of the solids formation and develop recommendations to prevent or mitigate this event in the future. A total of 53 recommendations were generated. These recommendations were organized into 4 focus areas: Improve understanding of oxalate equilibrium and kinetics in salt solutions Reduction/elimination of oxalic acid cleaning in 512-S Flowsheet optimization Improving diagnostic capability The recommendations implemented prior to resumption of MCU operations provide a risk mitigation or detection function through additional sampling and observation. The longer term recommendations provide a framework to increase the basic process knowledge of both oxalate chemistry and filtration behavior and then facilitate decisions that improve the salt flowsheet as a system.

Garrison, A.; Aponte, C.

2014-08-15T23:59:59.000Z

470

Solid Waste Reduction, Recovery, and Recycling | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Reduction, Recovery, and Recycling Reduction, Recovery, and Recycling Solid Waste Reduction, Recovery, and Recycling < Back Eligibility Investor-Owned Utility Rural Electric Cooperative Utility Savings Category Alternative Fuel Vehicles Hydrogen & Fuel Cells Buying & Making Electricity Water Home Weatherization Solar Wind Program Info State Wisconsin Program Type Environmental Regulations Provider Department of Natural Resources This statute expresses the strong support of the State of Wisconsin for the reduction of the amount of solid waste generated, the reuse, recycling and composting of solid waste, and resource recovery from solid waste. The statute also notes that research, development and innovation in the design, management and operation of solid waste reduction, reuse, recycling,

471

Chapter 47 Solid Waste Facilities (Kentucky) | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Chapter 47 Solid Waste Facilities (Kentucky) Chapter 47 Solid Waste Facilities (Kentucky) Chapter 47 Solid Waste Facilities (Kentucky) < Back Eligibility Agricultural Commercial Construction Developer Fed. Government Fuel Distributor General Public/Consumer Industrial Installer/Contractor Institutional Investor-Owned Utility Local Government Low-Income Residential Multi-Family Residential Municipal/Public Utility Nonprofit Residential Retail Supplier Rural Electric Cooperative Schools State/Provincial Govt Systems Integrator Transportation Tribal Government Utility Program Info State Kentucky Program Type Environmental Regulations Fees Siting and Permitting Provider Kentucky Division of Waste Management This chapter establishes the permitting standards for solid waste sites or facilities, the standards applicable to all solid waste sites or

472

System for chemically digesting low level radioactive, solid waste material  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

An improved method and system for chemically digesting low level radioactive, solid waste material having a high through-put. The solid waste material is added to an annular vessel (10) substantially filled with concentrated sulfuric acid. Concentrated nitric acid or nitrogen dioxide is added to the sulfuric acid within the annular vessel while the sulfuric acid is reacting with the solid waste. The solid waste is mixed within the sulfuric acid so that the solid waste is substantilly fully immersed during the reaction. The off gas from the reaction and the products slurry residue is removed from the vessel during the reaction.

Cowan, Richard G. (Kennewick, WA); Blasewitz, Albert G. (Richland, WA)

1982-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

473

Solid-State Lighting: Text-Alternative Version: LED Essentials -  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Essentials - Technology, Applications, Advantages, Disadvantages to someone Essentials - Technology, Applications, Advantages, Disadvantages to someone by E-mail Share Solid-State Lighting: Text-Alternative Version: LED Essentials - Technology, Applications, Advantages, Disadvantages on Facebook Tweet about Solid-State Lighting: Text-Alternative Version: LED Essentials - Technology, Applications, Advantages, Disadvantages on Twitter Bookmark Solid-State Lighting: Text-Alternative Version: LED Essentials - Technology, Applications, Advantages, Disadvantages on Google Bookmark Solid-State Lighting: Text-Alternative Version: LED Essentials - Technology, Applications, Advantages, Disadvantages on Delicious Rank Solid-State Lighting: Text-Alternative Version: LED Essentials - Technology, Applications, Advantages, Disadvantages on Digg

474

Municipal Solid Waste Resources and Technologies | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Municipal Solid Waste Resources and Technologies Municipal Solid Waste Resources and Technologies Municipal Solid Waste Resources and Technologies October 7, 2013 - 9:28am Addthis Black and white photo of a bulldozer pushing a large mound of trash in a landfill. The National Renewable Energy Laboratory's high-solids digester converts wastes to biogas and compost for energy production. This page provides a brief overview of municipal solid waste energy resources and technologies supplemented by specific information to apply waste to energy within the Federal sector. Overview Municipal solid waste, also known as waste to energy, generates electricity by burning solid waste as fuel. This generates renewable electricity while also incinerating landfill and other municipal waste products such as trash, yard clippings and debris, furniture, food scraps, and other

475

Solid International ASIA Pte Ltd | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Solid International ASIA Pte Ltd Solid International ASIA Pte Ltd Jump to: navigation, search Name Solid International ASIA Pte Ltd Place Singapore, Singapore Zip 349564 Sector Solar Product Singapore-based solar thermal specialist in all applications of solar thermal energy. References Solid International ASIA Pte Ltd[1] LinkedIn Connections CrunchBase Profile No CrunchBase profile. Create one now! This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by expanding it. Solid International ASIA Pte Ltd is a company located in Singapore, Singapore . References ↑ "Solid International ASIA Pte Ltd" Retrieved from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=Solid_International_ASIA_Pte_Ltd&oldid=351483" Categories: Clean Energy Organizations Companies Organizations Stubs What links here

476

Solid-State Lighting: R&D Projects  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

R&D R&D Projects Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to Solid-State Lighting: R&D Projects to someone by E-mail Share Solid-State Lighting: R&D Projects on Facebook Tweet about Solid-State Lighting: R&D Projects on Twitter Bookmark Solid-State Lighting: R&D Projects on Google Bookmark Solid-State Lighting: R&D Projects on Delicious Rank Solid-State Lighting: R&D Projects on Digg Find More places to share Solid-State Lighting: R&D Projects on AddThis.com... R&D Highlights R&D Projects DOE leadership and support spur advances in the efficacy and performance of light-emitting diode (LED) and organic LED (OLED) technologies-advances that might not otherwise be achieved without DOE funding. (Some of the following documents are available as Adobe Acrobat PDFs. Download Adobe

477

Solid-State Lighting: Market-Based Programs  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Market-Based Programs Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to Solid-State Lighting: Market-Based Programs to someone by E-mail Share Solid-State Lighting: Market-Based Programs on Facebook Tweet about Solid-State Lighting: Market-Based Programs on Twitter Bookmark Solid-State Lighting: Market-Based Programs on Google Bookmark Solid-State Lighting: Market-Based Programs on Delicious Rank Solid-State Lighting: Market-Based Programs on Digg Find More places to share Solid-State Lighting: Market-Based Programs on AddThis.com... LED Lighting Facts CALiPER Program Standards Development Technical Information Network Gateway Demonstrations Municipal Consortium Design Competitions Market-Based Programs To facilitate successful market introduction of high-quality,

478

Municipal Solid Waste Resources and Technologies | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Municipal Solid Waste Resources and Technologies Municipal Solid Waste Resources and Technologies Municipal Solid Waste Resources and Technologies October 7, 2013 - 9:28am Addthis Black and white photo of a bulldozer pushing a large mound of trash in a landfill. The National Renewable Energy Laboratory's high-solids digester converts wastes to biogas and compost for energy production. This page provides a brief overview of municipal solid waste energy resources and technologies supplemented by specific information to apply waste to energy within the Federal sector. Overview Municipal solid waste, also known as waste to energy, generates electricity by burning solid waste as fuel. This generates renewable electricity while also incinerating landfill and other municipal waste products such as trash, yard clippings and debris, furniture, food scraps, and other

479

Solid-State Lighting: CALiPER Exploratory Studies  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Market-Based Programs Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to Solid-State Lighting: CALiPER Exploratory Studies to someone by E-mail Share Solid-State Lighting: CALiPER Exploratory Studies on Facebook Tweet about Solid-State Lighting: CALiPER Exploratory Studies on Twitter Bookmark Solid-State Lighting: CALiPER Exploratory Studies on Google Bookmark Solid-State Lighting: CALiPER Exploratory Studies on Delicious Rank Solid-State Lighting: CALiPER Exploratory Studies on Digg Find More places to share Solid-State Lighting: CALiPER Exploratory Studies on AddThis.com... LED Lighting Facts CALiPER Program About the Program FAQs Summary Reports Detailed Reports Benchmark Reports Exploratory Studies Testing Laboratories Standards Development Technical Information Network

480

Solid-State Lighting: DOE Five Year Commercialization Support Plan  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Information Information Resources Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to Solid-State Lighting: DOE Five Year Commercialization Support Plan to someone by E-mail Share Solid-State Lighting: DOE Five Year Commercialization Support Plan on Facebook Tweet about Solid-State Lighting: DOE Five Year Commercialization Support Plan on Twitter Bookmark Solid-State Lighting: DOE Five Year Commercialization Support Plan on Google Bookmark Solid-State Lighting: DOE Five Year Commercialization Support Plan on Delicious Rank Solid-State Lighting: DOE Five Year Commercialization Support Plan on Digg Find More places to share Solid-State Lighting: DOE Five Year Commercialization Support Plan on AddThis.com... Conferences & Meetings Presentations Publications Webcasts Videos

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "dissolved solids tds" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


481

Solid-State Lighting: Retrofit Financial Analysis Tool  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Market-Based Programs Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to Solid-State Lighting: Retrofit Financial Analysis Tool to someone by E-mail Share Solid-State Lighting: Retrofit Financial Analysis Tool on Facebook Tweet about Solid-State Lighting: Retrofit Financial Analysis Tool on Twitter Bookmark Solid-State Lighting: Retrofit Financial Analysis Tool on Google Bookmark Solid-State Lighting: Retrofit Financial Analysis Tool on Delicious Rank Solid-State Lighting: Retrofit Financial Analysis Tool on Digg Find More places to share Solid-State Lighting: Retrofit Financial Analysis Tool on AddThis.com... LED Lighting Facts CALiPER Program Standards Development Technical Information Network Gateway Demonstrations Municipal Consortium About the Consortium FAQs

482

Solid-State Lighting: DOE Hosts LED Industry Standards Workshop  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Information Information Resources Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to Solid-State Lighting: DOE Hosts LED Industry Standards Workshop to someone by E-mail Share Solid-State Lighting: DOE Hosts LED Industry Standards Workshop on Facebook Tweet about Solid-State Lighting: DOE Hosts LED Industry Standards Workshop on Twitter Bookmark Solid-State Lighting: DOE Hosts LED Industry Standards Workshop on Google Bookmark Solid-State Lighting: DOE Hosts LED Industry Standards Workshop on Delicious Rank Solid-State Lighting: DOE Hosts LED Industry Standards Workshop on Digg Find More places to share Solid-State Lighting: DOE Hosts LED Industry Standards Workshop on AddThis.com... Conferences & Meetings Past Conferences Presentations Publications Webcasts Videos Tools

483

Solid-State Lighting: CALiPER Application Summary Reports  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Market-Based Programs Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to Solid-State Lighting: CALiPER Application Summary Reports to someone by E-mail Share Solid-State Lighting: CALiPER Application Summary Reports on Facebook Tweet about Solid-State Lighting: CALiPER Application Summary Reports on Twitter Bookmark Solid-State Lighting: CALiPER Application Summary Reports on Google Bookmark Solid-State Lighting: CALiPER Application Summary Reports on Delicious Rank Solid-State Lighting: CALiPER Application Summary Reports on Digg Find More places to share Solid-State Lighting: CALiPER Application Summary Reports on AddThis.com... LED Lighting Facts CALiPER Program About the Program FAQs Summary Reports Detailed Reports Benchmark Reports Exploratory Studies Testing Laboratories

484

Solid-State Lighting: CALiPER Program  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Market-Based Programs Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to Solid-State Lighting: CALiPER Program to someone by E-mail Share Solid-State Lighting: CALiPER Program on Facebook Tweet about Solid-State Lighting: CALiPER Program on Twitter Bookmark Solid-State Lighting: CALiPER Program on Google Bookmark Solid-State Lighting: CALiPER Program on Delicious Rank Solid-State Lighting: CALiPER Program on Digg Find More places to share Solid-State Lighting: CALiPER Program on AddThis.com... LED Lighting Facts CALiPER Program About the Program FAQs Summary Reports Detailed Reports Benchmark Reports Exploratory Studies Testing Laboratories Standards Development Technical Information Network Gateway Demonstrations Municipal Consortium Design Competitions CALiPER Program

485

Solid-State Lighting: Adaptive Street Lighting Controls  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Adaptive Street Lighting Adaptive Street Lighting Controls to someone by E-mail Share Solid-State Lighting: Adaptive Street Lighting Controls on Facebook Tweet about Solid-State Lighting: Adaptive Street Lighting Controls on Twitter Bookmark Solid-State Lighting: Adaptive Street Lighting Controls on Google Bookmark Solid-State Lighting: Adaptive Street Lighting Controls on Delicious Rank Solid-State Lighting: Adaptive Street Lighting Controls on Digg Find More places to share Solid-State Lighting: Adaptive Street Lighting Controls on AddThis.com... Conferences & Meetings Presentations Publications Webcasts Videos Tools Adaptive Street Lighting Controls This two-part DOE Municipal Solid-State Street Lighting Consortium webinar focused on LED street lighting equipped with adaptive control components.

486

Synthesis and Stability of a Nanoparticle-Infiltrated Solid Oxide Fuel Cell Electrode  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Nanoparticle-Infiltrated Solid Oxide Fuel Cell Electrode Talinfiltrated into SOFC (Solid Oxide Fuel Cell) electrodes can

Sholklapper, Tal Z.; Radmilovic, Velimir; Jacobson, Craig P.; Visco, Steven J.; De Jonghe, Lutgard C.

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

487

Ambient pressure thermal desorption spectroscopy (AP-TDS) of NiO/SiO2 catalysts  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The Sabatier reaction is a key process in the power-to-gas application which is considered to contribute to...2 (NiO/SiO2) which is commonly used in the Sabatier reaction. A novel technique for the characteriza...

M. Stdter; K. Mller; F. Rachow; M. Richter; D. Schmeier

2013-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

488

Coherence of k-space electrons: application to TDS electrons by DBI  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......Special Issue: Tribute to Akira Tonomura Coherence of k-space electrons: application...The results presented show the partial coherence of self-interfered diffusely scattered...electron source of a TEM have sufficient coherence to form fringes when self-interfered......

Rodney A. Herring

2013-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

489

Immobilization of Radionuclides in The Hanford Vadose Zone by Incorporation in Solid Phases  

SciTech Connect

The objective of this study was to examine the homogeneous and heterogeneous reduction of Cr(VI) by dissolved Fe(II) and Fe(II)-containing minerals under conditions thought to be indicative of HLW fluids (high pH, high ionic strength and high temperature). Many investigators have reported the homogeneous reduction of Cr(VI) by dissolved FE(ii), but less information is available for Ph values > 8. The first part of this effort evaluated the ability of dissolved Fe(II) to reduce dissolved Cr(VI) in hyperalkaline solutions.

Gary Mullins; Samuel Traina

2004-04-26T23:59:59.000Z

490

Fate of 14C-labeled dissolved organic matter in paddy and upland soils in responding to moisture  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Soil organic matter (SOM) content in paddy soils is higher than that in upland soils in tropical and subtropical China. The dissolved organic matter (DOM) concentration, however, is lower in paddy soils. We hypothesize that soil moisture strongly controls the fate of DOM, and thereby leads to differences between the two agricultural soils under contrasting management regimens. A 100-day incubation experiment was conducted to trace the fate and biodegradability of DOM in paddy and upland soils under three moisture levels: 45%, 75%, and 105% of the water holding capacity (WHC). 14C labeled DOM, extracted from the 14C labeled rice plant material, was incubated in paddy and upland soils, and the mineralization to 14CO2 and incorporation into microbial biomass were analyzed. Labile and refractory components of the initial 14C labeled DOM and their respective half-lives were calculated by a double exponential model. During incubation, the mineralization of the initial 14C labeled DOM in the paddy soils was more affected by moisture than in the upland soils. The amount of 14C incorporated into the microbial biomass (2.411.0% of the initial DOM-14C activity) was less affected by moisture in the paddy soils than in the upland soils. At any of the moisture levels, 1) the mineralization of DOM to 14CO2 within 100days was 1.22.1-fold higher in the paddy soils (41.960.0% of the initial DOM-14C activity) than in the upland soils (28.735.7%), 2) 14C activity remaining in solution was significantly lower in the paddy soils than in the upland soils, and 3) 14C activity remaining in the same agricultural soil solution was not significantly different among the three moisture levels after 20days. Therefore, moisture strongly controls DOM fate, but moisture was not the key factor in determining the lower DOM in the paddy soils than in the upland soils. The UV absorbance of DOM at 280nm indicates less aromaticity of DOM from the paddy soils than from the upland soils. At any of the moisture levels, much more labile DOM was found in paddy soils (34.349.2% of the initial 14C labeled DOM) compared with that in upland soils (19.423.9%). This demonstrates that the lower DOM content in the paddy soil compared with that in the upland soil is probably determined by the less complex components and structure of the DOM.

Xiangbi Chen; Aihua Wang; Yang Li; Lening Hu; Hua Zheng; Xunyang He; Tida Ge; Jinshui Wu; Yakov Kuzyakov; Yirong Su

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

491

Integrated solid waste management of Springfield, Massachusetts  

SciTech Connect

The subject document reports the results of an in-depth investigation of the fiscal year 1993 cost of the city of Springfield, Massachusetts, integrated municipal solid waste management (IMSWM) system, the energy consumed to operate the system, and the environmental performance requirements for each of the system`s waste-processing and disposal facilities. The document reports actual data from records kept by participants. Every effort was made to minimize the use of assumptions, and no attempt is made to interpret the data reported. Analytical approaches are documented so that interested analysts may perform manipulation or further analysis of the data. As such, the report is a reference document for Municipal Solid Waste management professionals who are interested in the actual costs and energy consumption, for a 1-year period, of an operating IMSWM system. The report is organized into two main parts. The first part is the executive summary and case study portion of the report. The executive summary provides a basic description of the study area and selected economic and energy information. Within the case study are detailed descriptions of each component operating during the study period; the quantities of solid waste collected, processed, and marketed within the study boundaries; the cost of managing MSW in Springfield; an energy usage analysis; a review of federal, state, and local environmental requirement compliance; a reference section; and a glossary of terms. The second part of the report focuses on a more detailed discourse on the above topics. In addition, the methodology used to determine the economic costs and energy consumption of the system components is found in the second portion of this report. The methodology created for this project will be helpful for those professionals who wish to break out the costs of their own integrated systems.

NONE

1995-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

492

Solid State Marx Modulators for Emerging Applications  

SciTech Connect

Emerging linear accelerator applications increasingly push the boundaries of RF system performance and economics. The power modulator is an integral part of RF systems whose characteristics play a key role in the determining parameters such as efficiency, footprint, cost, stability, and availability. Particularly within the past decade, solid-state switch based modulators have become the standard in high-performance, high power modulators. One topology, the Marx modulator, has characteristics which make it particularly attractive for several emerging applications. This paper is an overview of the Marx topology, some recent developments, and a case study of how this architecture can be applied to a few proposed linear accelerators.

Kemp, M.A.; /SLAC

2012-09-14T23:59:59.000Z

493

Plastic flow in solids with interfaces  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A non-equilibrium theory of isothermal and diffusionless evolution of incoherent interfaces within a plastically deforming solid is developed. The irreversible dynamics of the interface are driven by its normal motion, incoherency (slip and misorientation), and an intrinsic plastic flow; and purely by plastic deformation in the bulk away from the interface. Using the continuum theory for defect distribution (in bulk and over the interface) we formulate a general kinematical framework, derive relevant balance laws and jump conditions, and prescribe a thermodynamically consistent constitutive/kinetic structure for interface evolution.

Anurag Gupta; David Steigmann

2011-11-25T23:59:59.000Z

494

Tubular solid oxide fuel cell current collector  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

An internal current collector for use inside a tubular solid oxide fuel cell (TSOFC) electrode comprises a tubular coil spring disposed concentrically within a TSOFC electrode and in firm uniform tangential electrical contact with the electrode inner surface. The current collector maximizes the contact area between the current collector and the electrode. The current collector is made of a metal that is electrically conductive and able to survive under the operational conditions of the fuel cell, i.e., the cathode in air, and the anode in fuel such as hydrogen, CO, CO.sub.2, H.sub.2O or H.sub.2S.

Bischoff, Brian L. (Knoxville, TN); Sutton, Theodore G. (Kingston, TN); Armstrong, Timothy R. (Clinton, TN)

2010-07-20T23:59:59.000Z

495

Solid electrolytes strengthened by metal dispersions  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

An improvement in solid electrolytes of advanced secondary batteries of the sodium-sulfur, sodium-halogen, and like combinations is achieved by providing said battery with a cermet electrolyte containing a metal dispersion ranging from 0.1 to 10.0 vol. % of a substantially nonreactive metal selected from the group consisting essentially of Pt, Cr, Fe, Co, Ni, Nb, their alloys, and their physical mixtures in the elemental or uncombined state, the remainder of said cermet being an ion-conductive ceramic material.

Lauf, R.J.; Morgan, C.S.

1981-10-05T23:59:59.000Z

496

Solid electrolytes strengthened by metal dispersions  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

An improvement in solid electrolytes of advanced secondary batteries of the sodium-sulfur, sodium-halogen, and like combinations is achieved by providing said battery with a cermet electrolyte containing a metal dispersion ranging from 0.1 to 10.0 vol. % of a substantially nonreactive metal selected from the group consisting essentially of Pt, Cr, Fe, Co, Ni, Nb, their alloys, and their physical mixtures in the elemental or uncombined state, the remainder of said cermet being an ion-conductive ceramic material.

Lauf, Robert J. (Oak Ridge, TN); Morgan, Chester S. (Oak Ridge, TN)

1983-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

497

Pulsed Power for Solid-State Lasers  

SciTech Connect

Beginning in the early 1970s, a number of research and development efforts were undertaken at U.S. National Laboratories with a goal of developing high power lasers whose characteristics were suitable for investigating the feasibility of laser-driven fusion. A number of different laser systems were developed and tested at ever larger scale in pursuit of the optimum driver for laser fusion experiments. Each of these systems had associated with it a unique pulsed power option. A considerable amount of original and innovative engineering was carried out in support of these options. Ultimately, the Solid-state Laser approach was selected as the optimum driver for the application. Following this, the Laser Program at the Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory and the University of Rochester undertook aggressive efforts directed at developing the technology. In particular, at Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory, a series of laser systems beginning with the Cyclops laser and culminating in the present with the National Ignition Facility were developed and tested. As a result, a large amount of design information for solid-state laser pulsed power systems has been documented. Some of it is in the form of published papers, but most of it is buried in internal memoranda, engineering reports and LLNL annual reports. One of the goals of this book is to gather this information into a single useable format, such that it is easily accessed and understood by other engineers and physicists for use with future designs. It can also serve as a primer, which when seriously studied, makes the subsequent reading of original work and follow-up references considerably easier. While this book deals only with the solid-state laser pulsed power systems, in the bibliography we have included a representative cross section of papers and references from much of the very fine work carried out at other institutions in support of different laser approaches. Finally, in recent years, there has been a renewed interest in high-average-power