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Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "dispersion manifolds perforated" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


1

Origami manifolds  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

An origami manifold is a manifold equipped with a closed 2-form which is symplectic everywhere except on a hypersurface, where it is a folded form whose kernel defines a circle fibration. In this thesis I explain how an ...

Pissarra Pires, Ana Rita

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

2

Manifold Integration: Data Integration on Multiple Manifolds  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In data analysis, data points are usually analyzed based on their relations to other points (e.g., distance or inner product). This kind of relation can be analyzed on the manifold of the data set. Manifold learning is an approach to understand...

Choi, Hee Youl

2011-08-08T23:59:59.000Z

3

Compressed gas manifold  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A compressed gas storage cell interconnecting manifold including a thermally activated pressure relief device, a manual safety shut-off valve, and a port for connecting the compressed gas storage cells to a motor vehicle power source and to a refueling adapter. The manifold is mechanically and pneumatically connected to a compressed gas storage cell by a bolt including a gas passage therein.

Hildebrand, Richard J. (Edgemere, MD); Wozniak, John J. (Columbia, MD)

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

4

Edge compression manifold apparatus  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A manifold for connecting external capillaries to the inlet and/or outlet ports of a microfluidic device for high pressure applications is provided. The fluid connector for coupling at least one fluid conduit to a corresponding port of a substrate that includes: (i) a manifold comprising one or more channels extending therethrough wherein each channel is at least partially threaded, (ii) one or more threaded ferrules each defining a bore extending therethrough with each ferrule supporting a fluid conduit wherein each ferrule is threaded into a channel of the manifold, (iii) a substrate having one or more ports on its upper surface wherein the substrate is positioned below the manifold so that the one or more ports is aligned with the one or more channels of the manifold, and (iv) device to apply an axial compressive force to the substrate to couple the one or more ports of the substrate to a corresponding proximal end of a fluid conduit.

Renzi, Ronald F. (Tracy, CA)

2007-02-27T23:59:59.000Z

5

High power laser perforating tools and systems  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

ystems devices and methods for the transmission of 1 kW or more of laser energy deep into the earth and for the suppression of associated nonlinear phenomena. Systems, devices and methods for the laser perforation of a borehole in the earth. These systems can deliver high power laser energy down a deep borehole, while maintaining the high power to perforate such boreholes.

Zediker, Mark S; Rinzler, Charles C; Faircloth, Brian O; Koblick, Yeshaya; Moxley, Joel F

2014-04-22T23:59:59.000Z

6

Oriented perforations -- A rock mechanics view  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Hydraulic fracture initiation dictates the communication path between the wellbore and fracture plane. Nonplanar fracture geometries such as multiple, T-Shaped, and reoriented fractures are not advantageous and they adversely affect the potential to achieve a desired stimulation treatment. Oriented perforations can be the solution to initiate a single wide fracture in vertical and deviated wells. Also oriented perforations may be used to create stable tunnels in poorly consolidated formations thus avoiding sand failure and consequently preventing sand production. This paper presents laboratory experimental results related to oriented perforations for hydraulic fracturing. It also discusses the use of oriented perforation for sand control. Experiments were designed to investigate the effect of perforation orientation in vertical and horizontal wells on hydraulic fracturing treatment.

Abass, H.H.; Meadows, D.L.; Brumley, J.L.; Hedayati, S.; Venditto, J.J.

1995-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

7

Ungulate Carcasses Perforate Ecological Filters and Create  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

2007). Forest biodiversity, energy flow, nutrient cycling, and regeneration are significantly affectedUngulate Carcasses Perforate Ecological Filters and Create Biogeochemical Hotspots in Forest. Vucetich, Rolf O. Peterson, Joshua M. Shields, and Matthew D. Powers School of Forest Resources

8

Manifold tool guide  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A tool guide is described that makes possible the insertion of cleaning and/or inspection tools into a manifold pipe that will dislocate and extract the accumulated sediment in such manifold pipes. The tool guide basically comprises a right angled tube (or other angled tube as required) which can be inserted in a large tube and locked into a radially extending cross pipe by adjustable spacer rods and a spring-loaded cone, whereby appropriate cleaning tools can be inserted into the cross pipe for cleaning, inspection, etc. 3 figs.

Djordjevic, A.

1983-12-27T23:59:59.000Z

9

Manifold tool guide  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A tool guide that makes possible the insertion of cleaning and/or inspection tools into a manifold pipe that will dislocate and extract the accumulated sediment in such manifold pipes. The tool guide basically comprises a right angled tube (or other angled tube as required) which can be inserted in a large tube and locked into a radially extending cross pipe by adjustable spacer rods and a spring-loaded cone, whereby appropriate cleaning tools can be inserted into to cross pipe for cleaning, inspection, etc.

Djordjevic, A.

1982-07-08T23:59:59.000Z

10

Manifold tool guide  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A tool guide that makes possible the insertion of cleaning and/or inspection tools into a manifold pipe that will dislocate and extract the accumulated sediment in such manifold pipes. The tool guide basically comprises a right angled tube (or other angled tube as required) which can be inserted in a large tube and locked into a radially extending cross pipe by adjustable spacer rods and a spring-loaded cone, whereby appropriate cleaning tools can be inserted into to cross pipe for cleaning, inspection, etc.

Djordjevic, Aleksandar (Thousand Oaks, CA)

1983-12-27T23:59:59.000Z

11

Dual manifold heat pipe evaporator  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

An improved evaporator section for a dual manifold heat pipe. Both the upper and lower manifolds can have surfaces exposed to the heat source which evaporate the working fluid. The tubes in the tube bank between the manifolds have openings in their lower extensions into the lower manifold to provide for the transport of evaporated working fluid from the lower manifold into the tubes and from there on into the upper manifold and on to the condenser portion of the heat pipe. A wick structure lining the inner walls of the evaporator tubes extends into both the upper and lower manifolds. At least some of the tubes also have overflow tubes contained within them to carry condensed working fluid from the upper manifold to pass to the lower without spilling down the inside walls of the tubes.

Adkins, Douglas R. (Albuquerque, NM); Rawlinson, K. Scott (Albuquerque, NM)

1994-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

12

Dual manifold heat pipe evaporator  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

An improved evaporator section is described for a dual manifold heat pipe. Both the upper and lower manifolds can have surfaces exposed to the heat source which evaporate the working fluid. The tubes in the tube bank between the manifolds have openings in their lower extensions into the lower manifold to provide for the transport of evaporated working fluid from the lower manifold into the tubes and from there on into the upper manifold and on to the condenser portion of the heat pipe. A wick structure lining the inner walls of the evaporator tubes extends into both the upper and lower manifolds. At least some of the tubes also have overflow tubes contained within them to carry condensed working fluid from the upper manifold to pass to the lower without spilling down the inside walls of the tubes. 1 figure.

Adkins, D.R.; Rawlinson, K.S.

1994-01-04T23:59:59.000Z

13

Dispersant solutions for dispersing hydrocarbons  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A dispersant solution includes a hydrocarbon dispersing solution derived from a bacterium from ATCC 75527, ATCC 75529, or ATCC 55638.

Tyndall, Richard L. (Clinton, TN)

1997-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

14

Dispersant solutions for dispersing hydrocarbons  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A dispersant solution includes a hydrocarbon dispersing solution derived from a bacterium from ATCC 75527, ATCC 75529, or ATCC 55638.

Tyndall, R.L.

1997-03-11T23:59:59.000Z

15

Poincare's Conjecture for three manifolds  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We prove Poincare's Conjecture that every simply connected, closed three-manifold is topologically equivalent to the three-sphere. The proof is founded on the algebraic formulation discovered by J. Stallings.

G. S. Makanin

2007-11-23T23:59:59.000Z

16

The instrumented dynamic perforation test applied to a composite shell  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The instrumented dynamic perforation test applied to a composite shell S. Pattofatto, H. Tsitsiris Wilson, F-94230 Cachan, France Abstract. Perforation tests are commonly used on composites but give limited results. In this study, a single layer of a thermoplastic woven composite is tested at high

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

17

Subcritical Stein manifolds are split K. Cieliebak  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Subcritical Stein manifolds are split K. Cieliebak April 30, 2002 1 Introduction This note concerns the following little observation. Theorem 1.1. Every subcritical Stein manifold (domain) is deformation equiv domains are compact, whereas Stein manifolds are noncompact. Subcritical. It is well

Cieliebak, Kai

18

Evaluation of Perforated Carbonate Cores Under Acid Stimulation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

-moving jet of particles, which is able to pass through the gun body, casing, cement and formation in the same way as conventional charges. Then the liner materials deposited in the perforation tunnels react exothermically, generating heat and pressure... generates a secondary reaction immediately after deployment. This exothermic reaction is driven by the liner metallurgic properties, resulting in an increase of 11 temperature and pressure in the perforation tunnels. The increase in pressure causes...

Diaz, Nerwing Jose

2011-10-21T23:59:59.000Z

19

Locating an atmospheric contamination source using slow manifolds Wenbo Tang,1  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

the origin of atmospheric particle pollution from dispersed particle positions, provided that diffusion efLocating an atmospheric contamination source using slow manifolds Wenbo Tang,1 George Haller,2,a-dimensional atmospheric wind field in an urban street canyon. © 2009 American Institute of Physics. DOI: 10

Tang, Wenbo

20

Shelling in low dimensional manifolds  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

topological n-cell. Note that each n-manifold is an n-manifold with boundary. The set of points of M which do not have a ~ 'Ebb hdh fbi g f h~bd fM. d fdby n Bd(M). The interior of M is denoted by Int(M) and defined by Int(M) = M ? Bd(M) . AMb-'fld. d f1... the style of the Proceedings of the American Mathematical Society. M and h n Bd(M) is an (n ? 1)-cell, then h is said to be free in M. Suppose S is a subset of M and T is a cellular decomposition of S. S can be shelled from M relative...

Murray, William Owen

1974-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "dispersion manifolds perforated" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


21

Manifold seal for fuel cell stack assembly  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

An assembly for sealing a manifold to a stack of fuel cells includes a first resilient member for providing a first sealing barrier between the manifold and the stack. A second resilient member provides a second sealing barrier between the manifold and the stack. The first and second resilient members are retained in such a manner as to define an area therebetween adapted for retaining a sealing composition.

Schmitten, Phillip F. (N. Huntingdon, PA); Wright, Maynard K. (Bethel Park, PA)

1989-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

22

Hamilton Dynamics on Clifford Kaehler Manifolds  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This paper presents Hamilton dynamics on Clifford Kaeler manifolds. In the end, the some results related to Clifford Kaehler dynamical systems are also discussed.

Mehmet Tekkoyun

2009-02-24T23:59:59.000Z

23

Characterization of cardiac lead perforation risk via a dynamic simulated environment  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Delayed cardiac perforation is a serious medical condition where an implanted cardiac lead migrates through the heart wall, causing life-threatening complications. Where acute perforation occurs during implant, delayed ...

Rosario, Matthew J

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

24

Index theorems and magnetic monopoles on asymptotically conic manifolds  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In this thesis, I investigate the index of Callias type operators on asymptotically conic manifolds (also known as asymptotically locally Euclidean manifolds or scattering manifolds) and give an application to the moduli ...

Kottke, Christopher N. (Christopher Nicholas)

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

25

Tubing pressurized firing apparatus for a tubing conveyed perforating gun  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A tubing pressurized firing apparatus is shown for use with a tubing conveyed perforating gun of the type used to perforate a cased well bore. The firing apparatus has a tubular body with an upper end for connection in the well tubing string and with a lower end for connection to a well perforating gun. An inner mandrel is slidably mounted within the tubular body and has a ball seat formed in the interior bore thereof for receiving a ball dropped through the well tubing string. The ball and ball seat together form a pressure tight seal whereby tubing pressure in the well tubing string acts on the inner mandrel to slide the mandrel downwardly within the tubular body. A cocking mechanism located below the inner mandrel within the body includes a lockout member which is initially positioned between a detonating pin and a percussion detonator. The cocking mechanism is actuated by downward sliding movement of the inner mandrel to move the lockout member from between the detonating pin and percussion detonator whereby a subsequent release of tubing pressure and upward sliding movement of the inner mandrel exposes the detonating pin to the percussion detonator to actuate the detonator and fire the perforating gun.

Davies, D. L.

1985-11-26T23:59:59.000Z

26

Efficiency of perforated breakwater and associated energy dissipation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The flow field behavior in the vicinity of a perforated breakwater and the efficiency of the breakwater under regular waves were studied. To examine the efficiency of the structure thirteen types of regular wave conditions with wave periods T = 1, 1...

Ariyarathne, Hanchapola Appuhamilage

2009-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

27

Efficiency of perforated breakwater and associated energy dissipation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The flow field behavior in the vicinity of a perforated breakwater and the efficiency of the breakwater under regular waves were studied. To examine the efficiency of the structure thirteen types of regular wave conditions with wave periods T = 1, 1...

Ariyarathne, Hanchapola Appuhamilage

2008-10-10T23:59:59.000Z

28

Optimal Transportation on Sub-Riemannian Manifolds  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Optimal Transportation on Sub-Riemannian Manifolds Ludovic Rifford Universit´e de Nice - Sophia Antipolis (Joint work with A. Figalli) Ludovic Rifford Optimal Transportation on Sub-Riemannian Manifolds #12;Monge's Optimal Transportation Problem Let M be a separable metric space equipped with its Borel

Rifford, Ludovic

29

Optimal Transportation on Sub-Riemannian Manifolds  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Optimal Transportation on Sub-Riemannian Manifolds Ludovic Rifford Universit´e de Nice - Sophia Antipolis (Joint work with A. Figalli) Ludovic Rifford Optimal Transportation on Sub-Riemannian Manifolds #12;Outline I. Statement of our optimal transportation problem II. Sketch of proof of the Mc

Rifford, Ludovic

30

GEODESIC INTERSECTIONS IN ARITHMETIC HYPERBOLIC 3-MANIFOLDS  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

GEODESIC INTERSECTIONS IN ARITHMETIC HYPERBOLIC 3-MANIFOLDS Kerry N. Jones Alan W. Reid Abstract. It was shown by Chinburg and Reid that there exist closed hyperbolic 3-manifolds in which all closed geodesics closed geodesics simple and disjoint. The natural conjecture arose that the Chinburg-Reid examples also

Jones, Kerry N.

31

Heterotic Model Building: 16 Special Manifolds  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We study heterotic model building on 16 specific Calabi-Yau manifolds constructed as hypersurfaces in toric four-folds. These 16 manifolds are the only ones among the more than half a billion manifolds in the Kreuzer-Skarke list with a non-trivial first fundamental group. We classify the line bundle models on these manifolds, both for SU(5) and SO(10) GUTs, which lead to consistent supersymmetric string vacua and have three chiral families. A total of about 29000 models is found, most of them corresponding to SO(10) GUTs. These models constitute a starting point for detailed heterotic model building on Calabi-Yau manifolds in the Kreuzer-Skarke list. The data for these models can be downloaded here: http://www-thphys.physics.ox.ac.uk/projects/CalabiYau/toricdata/index.html

Yang-Hui He; Seung-Joo Lee; Andre Lukas; Chuang Sun

2014-05-13T23:59:59.000Z

32

Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) of PEM Dehydration and Gas Manifold...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Resonance Imaging (MRI) of PEM Dehydration and Gas Manifold Flooding During Continuous Fuel Cell Operation. Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) of PEM Dehydration and Gas Manifold...

33

Simplicial isotopies in 3-manifolds  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

to Euclidean n-space E . n A - oifold with ~bo da is a s p ahle et i sp t such that each point has a neighborhood homeomorphic to an n-cell. The boundary of M is denoted by Bd(M), and is defined to be the set of all points in M which do not have a...-simplex (p=2, 3) C of a triangulation T of a p- manifold with boundary N is said to be free in N if C A Bd(M) is a (p-1) - simplex of T or if C = M . M can be shelled if the p-simplexes of T can be given on ordering Cl, C2, . . . such that C. is free...

O'Donnell, Daniel Francis

1974-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

34

Poverty of the Stimulus? A Rational Approach Amy Perfors1 (perfors@mit.edu), Joshua B. Tenenbaum1 (jbt@mit.edu),  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Poverty of the Stimulus? A Rational Approach Amy Perfors1 (perfors@mit.edu), Joshua B. Tenenbaum1, MIT; 2 Department of Psychology, University of Chicago Abstract The Poverty of the Stimulus (Po that these generalizations can best be explained by innate knowledge, known as the argument from the Poverty of the Stimulus

Tenenbaum, Josh

35

Perforated plates for cryogenic regenerators and method of fabrication  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

Perforated plates (10) having very small holes (14) with a uniform diameter throughout the plate thickness are prepared by a "wire drawing" process in which a billet of sacrificial metal is disposed in an extrusion can of the plate metal, and the can is extruded and restacked repeatedly, converting the billet to a wire of the desired hole diameter. At final size, the rod is then sliced into wafers, and the wires are removed by selective etching. This process is useful for plate metals of interest for high performance regenerator applications, in particular, copper, niobium, molybdenum, erbium, and other rare earth metals. Er.sub.3 Ni, which has uniquely favorable thermophysical properties for such applications, may be incorporated in regions of the plates by providing extrusion cans (20) containing erbium and nickel metals in a stacked array (53) with extrusion cans of the plate metal, which may be copper. The array is heated to convert the erbium and nickel metals to Er.sub.3 Ni. Perforated plates having two sizes of perforations (38, 42), one of which is small enough for storage of helium, are also disclosed.

Hendricks, John B. (Huntsville, AL)

1994-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

36

Perforated plates for cryogenic regenerators and method of fabrication  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

Perforated plates having very small holes with a uniform diameter throughout the plate thickness are prepared by a [open quotes]wire drawing[close quotes] process in which a billet of sacrificial metal is disposed in an extrusion can of the plate metal, and the can is extruded and restacked repeatedly, converting the billet to a wire of the desired hole diameter. At final size, the rod is then sliced into wafers, and the wires are removed by selective etching. This process is useful for plate metals of interest for high performance regenerator applications, in particular, copper, niobium, molybdenum, erbium, and other rare earth metals. Er[sub 3]Ni, which has uniquely favorable thermophysical properties for such applications, may be incorporated in regions of the plates by providing extrusion cans containing erbium and nickel metals in a stacked array with extrusion cans of the plate metal, which may be copper. The array is heated to convert the erbium and nickel metals to Er[sub 3]Ni. Perforated plates having two sizes of perforations, one of which is small enough for storage of helium, are also disclosed. 10 figures.

Hendricks, J.B.

1994-03-29T23:59:59.000Z

37

Project Development Specification for Valve Pit Manifold  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Establishes the performance, design development, and test requirements for the valve pit manifolds. The system engineering approach was used to develop this document in accordance with the guidelines laid out in the Systems Engineering Management Plan for Project W-314.

MCGREW, D.L.

2000-09-28T23:59:59.000Z

38

Inflow performance relationship for perforated wells producing from solution gas drive reservoir  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The IPR curve equations, which are available today, are developed for open hole wells. In the application of Nodal System Analysis in perforated wells, an accurate calculation of pressure loss in the perforation is very important. Nowadays, the equation which is widely used is Blount, Jones and Glaze equation, to estimate pressure loss across perforation. This equation is derived for single phase flow, either oil or gas, therefore it is not suitable for two-phase production wells. In this paper, an IPR curve equation for perforated wells, producing from solution gas drive reservoir, is introduced. The equation has been developed using two phase single well simulator combine to two phase flow in perforation equation, derived by Perez and Kelkar. A wide range of reservoir rock and fluid properties and perforation geometry are used to develop the equation statistically.

Sukarno, P. [Inst. Teknologi Bandung (Indonesia); Tobing, E.L.

1995-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

39

E-Print Network 3.0 - armoured vehicles perforated Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Powered by Explorit Topic List Advanced Search Sample search results for: armoured vehicles perforated Page: << < 1 2 3 4 5 > >> 1 Super Bainite (High Hardness) Steel Super...

40

E-Print Network 3.0 - acquired reactive perforating Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Technologies and Information Sciences 2 Thesis for the Degree of Licentiate of Philosophy Reactive Shared Objects Summary: variations in order to achieve good perfor- mance...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "dispersion manifolds perforated" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


41

E-Print Network 3.0 - acute gallbladder perforation Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

semantic searches, or searches based on concepts... in which the order of the search terms does not matter. For example, a search for "perforated gallbladder... " will match...

42

E-Print Network 3.0 - acquired perforating dermatosis Sample...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Biology and Medicine ; Environmental Sciences and Ecology 8 Managing Performance vs. Accuracy Trade-offs With Loop Perforation Summary: Managing Performance vs. Accuracy...

43

How perforation shot density affects gas well performance  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The single gas well model is formulated using the systems analysis approach and is composed of three main modules. The first module is the modified inflow performance relationship (IPR). This IPR accounts for pressure drops through the reservoir, laminar skin and damaged, compacted zone around casing perforations. The second module is the tubing outflow performance computed via the Cullender and Smith method. The third module is the gas material balance equation for computing average well pressure with a given gas production level. By coupling this equation with the computed inflow and outflow results, future gas deliverability and economic return of a gas well can then be projected.

Cheng, A.M.C.

1988-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

44

Dispersed Indeterminacy  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A state of a single particle can be represented by a quantum blob in the corresponding phase space, or by a cell in its 2-D subspace. Its area is frequently stated to be no less than one half of the Plank constant, implying that such a cell is an indivisible quantum of the 2-D phase space. But this is generally not true, as is evident, for instance, from representation of some states in the basis of innately discrete observables like angular momentum. Here we consider some dispersed states involving the evanescent waves (EW) different from that in the total internal reflection. Such states are represented by a set of separated point-like cells, but with a large total indeterminacy. An idealized model has a discrete Wigner function forming an infinite periodic array of dots on the phase plane. The question about the total momentum indeterminacy in such state is discussed. We argue that the transverse momentum eigenstates corresponding to the considered EW-s cannot be singled out by any known measurement procedure, and the whole infinite set of the corresponding eigenvalues can contribute only a certain fraction to the observed momentum indeterminacy which remains finite.

Moses Fayngold

2014-02-05T23:59:59.000Z

45

Drilling long geodesics in hyperbolic 3-manifolds K. Bromberg  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Drilling long geodesics in hyperbolic 3-manifolds K. Bromberg September 22, 2006 1 Introduction to such a deformation as drilling and results which compare the geometry of the original manifold to the geometry of the drilled manifold as drilling theorems. The first results of this type are due to Hodgson and Kerckhoff

Bromberg, Kenneth

46

EMBEDDINGS IN GENERALIZED MANIFOLDS J. L. BRYANT AND W. MIO  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

EMBEDDINGS IN GENERALIZED MANIFOLDS J. L. BRYANT AND W. MIO Abstract. We prove that a (2m \\Gamma n grant DMS­9626624. 1 #12; 2 J. L. BRYANT AND W. MIO theory, for removing intersections of manifolds­manifold with the DDP , n ?? 5, could be approximated by embeddings [5]. Bryant [2] and Walsh [20] were able to establish

Aluffi, Paolo

47

Connections on statistical manifolds of density operators by geometry of  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of statistical manifolds, that is of manifolds whose points can be identified with density functions with respect to a certain measure µ. The classical references for the theory can be found in the books [1, 2, 4Connections on statistical manifolds of density operators by geometry of noncommutative Lp -spaces

Isola, Tommaso

48

SYMPLECTIC TOPOLOGY ON SUBCRITICAL MANIFOLDS PAUL BIRAN AND KAI CIELIEBAK  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

SYMPLECTIC TOPOLOGY ON SUBCRITICAL MANIFOLDS PAUL BIRAN AND KAI CIELIEBAK 1. Introduction The study of the symplectic topology of Stein manifolds leads naturally to two distinct subclasses: subcritical and critical. A Stein manifold is called subcritical if it admits a plurisubharmonic function which has only critical

Cieliebak, Kai

49

Mechanical seal having a single-piece, perforated mating ring  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A mechanical seal (e.g., single mechanical seals, double mechanical seals, tandem mechanical seals, bellows, pusher mechanical seals, and all types of rotating and reciprocating machines) with reduced contact surface temperature, reduced contact surface wear, or increased life span. The mechanical seal comprises a rotating ring and a single-piece, perforated mating ring, which improves heat transfer by controllably channeling coolant flow through the single-piece mating ring such that the coolant is in substantially uniform thermal contact with a substantial portion of the interior surface area of the seal face, while maintaining the structural integrity of the mechanical seal and minimizing the potential for coolant flow interruptions to the seal face caused by debris or contaminants (e.g., small solids and trash) in the coolant.

Khonsari, Michael M. (Baton Rouge, LA); Somanchi, Anoop K. (Fremont, CA)

2007-08-07T23:59:59.000Z

50

THE GEOMETRIES OF 3-MANIFOLDS PETER SCOTT  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

that each smooth path on S2 has a length, namely its length as a path in £3 . (I shall consistently use ETHE GEOMETRIES OF 3-MANIFOLDS PETER SCOTT Page §1. The 2-dimensional geometries 405 §2. Geometric. The eight 3-dimensional geometries 441 E3 443 H3 448 S3 449 S2 x U 457 fPxM 459 SL2U 462 Nil 467 Sol 470 §5

Schleimer, Saul

51

Port-Hamiltonian systems on discrete manifolds  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This paper offers a geometric framework for modeling port-Hamiltonian systems on discrete manifolds. The simplicial Dirac structure, capturing the topological laws of the system, is defined in terms of primal and dual cochains related by the coboundary operators. This finite-dimensional Dirac structure, as discrete analogue of the canonical Stokes-Dirac structure, allows for the formulation of finite-dimensional port-Hamiltonian systems that emulate the behaviour of the open distributed-parameter systems with Hamiltonian dynamics.

Marko Seslija; Jacquelien M. A. Scherpen; Arjan van der Schaft

2012-01-27T23:59:59.000Z

52

AIP/123-QED Acoustic properties of plates with unevenly distributed macro perforations backed by  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

be a difficult task in practical acoustic engineering applications. Furthermore, drilling a large amount, the best performance for perforated panels is obtained for submillimetric holes. As recom- mended by Maa1

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

53

Energy-momentum balance in particle - domain wall perforating collision  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We investigate the energy-momentum balance in the perforating collision of a point particle with an infinitely thin planar domain wall within the linearized gravity in arbitrary dimensions. Since the metric of the wall increases with distance, the wall and the particle are never free, and their energy-momentum balance involves not only the instantaneous kinetic momenta, but also the non-local contribution of gravitational stresses. However, careful analysis shows that the stresses can be unambiguously divided between the colliding objects leading to definition of the gravitationally dressed momenta. These take into account for gravity in the same way as the potential energy does in the non-relativistic theory, but our treatment is fully relativistic. Another unusual feature of our problem is the non-vanishing flux of the total energy-momentum tensor through the lateral surface of the world tube. In this case the zero divergence of the energy-momentum tensor does not imply conservation of the total momentum defined as the integral over the space-like section of the tube. But one can still define the conservation low infinitesimally, passing to time derivatives of the momenta. Using this definition we establish the momentum balance in terms of the dressed particle and wall momenta.

D. V. Gal'tsov; E. Yu. Melkumova; P. A. Spirin

2015-02-10T23:59:59.000Z

54

D-branes on group manifolds and fusion rings  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In this paper we compute the charge group for symmetry preserving D-branes on group manifolds for all simple, simply-connected, connected compact Lie groups G.

P. Bouwknegt; P. Dawson; D. Ridout

2002-10-31T23:59:59.000Z

55

audio localization manifold: Topics by E-print Network  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Algorithm Computer Technologies and Information Sciences Websites Summary: for LTSA in a special case. 1 Introduction Manifold learning (ML) methods have attracted...

56

Nonrelativistic hydrogen type stability problems on nonparabolic 3-manifolds  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We extend classical Euclidean stability theorems corresponding to the nonrelativistic Hamiltonians of ions with one electron to the setting of non parabolic Riemannian 3-manifolds.

Batu Gneysu

2012-03-19T23:59:59.000Z

57

Engine Air Intake Manifold Having Built In Intercooler  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A turbocharged V type engine can be equipped with an exhaust gas recirculation cooler integrated into the intake manifold, so as to achieve efficiency, cost reductions and space economization improvements. The cooler can take the form of a tube-shell heat exchanger that utilizes a cylindrical chamber in the air intake manifold as the heat exchanger housing. The intake manifold depends into the central space formed by the two banks of cylinders on the V type engine, such that the central space is effectively utilized for containing the manifold and cooler.

Freese, V, Charles E. (Westland, MI)

2000-09-12T23:59:59.000Z

58

Optical manifold for light-emitting diodes  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

An optical manifold for efficiently combining a plurality of blue LED outputs to illuminate a phosphor for a single, substantially homogeneous output, in a small, cost-effective package. Embodiments are disclosed that use a single or multiple LEDs and a remote phosphor, and an intermediate wavelength-selective filter arranged so that backscattered photoluminescence is recycled to boost the luminance and flux of the output aperture. A further aperture mask is used to boost phosphor luminance with only modest loss of luminosity. Alternative non-recycling embodiments provide blue and yellow light in collimated beams, either separately or combined into white.

Chaves, Julio C.; Falicoff, Waqidi; Minano, Juan C.; Benitez, Pablo; Parkyn Jr., William A.; Alvarez, Roberto; Dross, Oliver

2008-06-03T23:59:59.000Z

59

E-Print Network 3.0 - approximating principal manifolds Sample...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Sciences 6 Dyson series Lie manifolds Summary: )u(0, y)dy. Main technique: Approximate GL t (x, y). Victor Nistor Dyson series, Lie Manifolds, & PDEs... manifolds for the...

60

Interference evaluation between manifold and wet Christmas tree CP systems  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Offshore production wells are controlled by valves installed in the marine soil, called wet Christmas trees (WCTs). A manifold receives the production of several wells and transports it to the platform. The manifold is cathodically protected by Al anodes and the WCT by Zn anodes. A computer simulation was carried out to evaluate the interference between the equipment cathodic protection systems.

Brasil, S.L.D.C.; Baptista, W.

2000-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "dispersion manifolds perforated" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


61

How to project `circular' manifolds using geodesic distances?  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

How to project `circular' manifolds using geodesic distances? John Aldo Lee, Michel Verleysen,verleysen}@dice.ucl.ac.be Abstract. Recent papers have clearly shown the advantage of using the geodesic distance instead strongly crumpled manifolds have to be un- folded. Nevertheless, neither the Euclidean nor the geodesic

Verleysen, Michel

62

Geodesic Regression on Riemannian Manifolds P. Thomas Fletcher  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Geodesic Regression on Riemannian Manifolds P. Thomas Fletcher School of Computing, University a manifold-valued random variable and a real-valued independent parameter. The principle is to fit a geodesic is evaluated as the sum-of-squared geodesic distances from the model to the data, and this provides

Boyer, Edmond

63

EMBEDDINGS IN GENERALIZED MANIFOLDS J. L. BRYANT AND W. MIO  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

EMBEDDINGS IN GENERALIZED MANIFOLDS J. L. BRYANT AND W. MIO Abstract. We prove that a (2m \\Gamma n supported by NSF grant DMS­9626624. 1 #12; 2 J. L. BRYANT AND W. MIO specifically, we establish analogues­manifold with the DDP , n ?? 5, could be approximated by embeddings [5]. Bryant [2] and Walsh [20] were able to establish

Mio, Washington

64

EMBEDDINGS IN GENERALIZED MANIFOLDS J. L. BRYANT AND W. MIO  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

EMBEDDINGS IN GENERALIZED MANIFOLDS J. L. BRYANT AND W. MIO Abstract. We prove that a 2m,n+1 manifolds,embeddings. Partially supported by NSF grant DMS-9626624. 1 #12;2 J. L. BRYANT AND W. MIO speci . Bryant 2 and Walsh 20 were able to establish general position theorems for maps of arbitrary polyhedra

Mio, Washington

65

A construction of a nonparametric quantum information manifold  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We present a construction of a Banach manifold on the set of faithful normal states of a von Neumann algebra, where the underlying Banach space is a quantum analogue of an Orlicz space. On the manifold, we introduce the exponential and mixture connections as dual pair of affine connections.

Anna Jencova

2005-11-21T23:59:59.000Z

66

Powder dispersion system  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A powder dispersion method and apparatus comprising an air eductor and a powder dispensing syringe inserted into a suction connection of the air eductor.

Gorenz, Heather M. (Albuquerque, NM); Brockmann, John E. (Albuquerque, NM); Lucero, Daniel A. (Albuquerque, NM)

2011-09-20T23:59:59.000Z

67

Dispersion Modeling Project  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Dispersion Modeling Project Nuclear & Criticality Safety Engineering Andrew Vincent Germantown, MD DOE Workshop Savannah River Nuclear Solutions, LLC June, 2012 SRNS-...

68

Geometric solitons of Hamiltonian flows on manifolds  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

It is well-known that the LIE (Locally Induction Equation) admit soliton-type solutions and same soliton solutions arise from different and apparently irrelevant physical models. By comparing the solitons of LIE and Killing magnetic geodesics, we observe that these solitons are essentially decided by two families of isometries of the domain and the target space, respectively. With this insight, we propose the new concept of geometric solitons of Hamiltonian flows on manifolds, such as geometric Schrdinger flows and KdV flows for maps. Moreover, we give several examples of geometric solitons of the Schrdinger flow and geometric KdV flow, including magnetic curves as geometric Schrdinger solitons and explicit geometric KdV solitons on surfaces of revolution.

Song, Chong, E-mail: songchong@xmu.edu.cn [School of Mathematical Sciences, Xiamen University, Xiamen 361005 (China)] [School of Mathematical Sciences, Xiamen University, Xiamen 361005 (China); Sun, Xiaowei, E-mail: sunxw@cufe.edu.cn [School of Applied Mathematics, Central University of Finance and Economics, Beijing 100081 (China)] [School of Applied Mathematics, Central University of Finance and Economics, Beijing 100081 (China); Wang, Youde, E-mail: wyd@math.ac.cn [Academy of Mathematics and Systems Science, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100190 (China)] [Academy of Mathematics and Systems Science, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100190 (China)

2013-12-15T23:59:59.000Z

69

Relativistic fluid mechanics, Kahler manifolds and supersymmetry  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We propose an alternative for the Clebsch decomposition of currents in fluid mechanics, in terms of complex potentials taking values in a Kahler manifold. We reformulate classical relativistic fluid mechanics in terms of these complex potentials and rederive the existence of an infinite set of conserved currents. We perform a canonical analysis to find the explicit form of the algebra of conserved charges. The Kahler-space formulation of the theory has a natural supersymmetric extension in 4-D space-time. It contains a conserved current, but also a number of additional fields complicating the interpretation. Nevertheless, we show that an infinite set of conserved currents emerges in the vacuum sector of the additional fields. This sector can therefore be identified with a regime of supersymmetric fluid mechanics. Explicit expressions for the current and the density are obtained.

T. S. Nyawelo; J. W. van Holten; S. Groot Nibbelink

2003-09-11T23:59:59.000Z

70

Smith theory and irreducible holomorphic symplectic manifolds  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We study the cohomological properties of the fixed locus $X^G$ of an automorphism group $G$ of prime order $p$ acting on a variety $X$ whose integral cohomology is torsion-free. We obtain an precise relation between the mod $p$ cohomology of $X^G$ and natural invariants for the action of $G$ on the integral cohomology of $X$. We apply these results to irreducible holomorphic symplectic manifolds of deformation type of the Hilbert scheme of two points on a K3 surface: the main result of this paper is a formula relating the dimension of the mod $p$ cohomology of $X^G$ with the rank and the discriminant of the invariant lattice in the second cohomology space with integer coefficients of $X$.

Boissiere, Samuel; Sarti, Alessandra

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

71

A study of the effects of casing perforations on the production rates of wells  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

resistance of 100~000 ohms. Using Darcy's Law for radial flow and the relationships shown in Figure 2 a resistance function can be obtained. where Rf is the fluid resistance. From the above it can be seen that R ~ 100, 000 ~ well bore resistance Rf Q ln..., Analogy Between Electrical and Pluid Syntone. . . . . 14 2A Diagran of Electrolytic Tash , 2B Diagrsn of Cased Role 2C Radial Distribution of Perforations ~ ~ 15 16 2D Vertical Distribution of Perforations . . . ~ The Effect of Well Sore Resistance...

Sanderlin, James Lewis

1958-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

72

Dispersion strengthened copper  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A composition of matter is described which is comprised of copper and particles which are dispersed throughout the copper, where the particles are comprised of copper oxide and copper having a coating of copper oxide. A method for making this composition of matter is also described. This invention relates to the art of powder metallurgy and, more particularly, it relates to dispersion strengthened metals.

Sheinberg, H.; Meek, T.T.; Blake, R.D.

1990-01-09T23:59:59.000Z

73

Center Manifold Analysis of Delayed Lienard Equation and Its Applications  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

state. It has both practical and theoretical importance in determining the criticality of the Hopf bifurcation. For such purpose, center manifold analysis on the bifurcation line is required. This thesis uses operator differential equation formulation...

Zhao, Siming

2010-01-14T23:59:59.000Z

74

GEOMETRY OF KAHLER MANIFOLDS AND THE HODGE LAPLACIAN ON MINIMAL  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of a spin manifold M to a spin submanifold is a Hermitian bun- dle given by the tensorial product the intrinsic spin bun- dle of the hypersurface and the induced Dirac operator is the intrinsic classical Dirac

Boyer, Edmond

75

SPLITTING MANIFOLD APPROXIMATE FIBRATIONS J. L. BRYANT AND P. KIRBY  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

SPLITTING MANIFOLD APPROXIMATE FIBRATIONS J. L. BRYANT AND P. KIRBY Abstract. Suppose M, embeddings. Partially supported by NSF grant DMS-9626624. 1 #12; 2 J. L. BRYANT AND P. KIRBY 2. Definitions

Aluffi, Paolo

76

HARMONIC MAPPINGS BETWEEN RIEMANNIAN MANIFOLDS Anand Arvind Joshi  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

HARMONIC MAPPINGS BETWEEN RIEMANNIAN MANIFOLDS by Anand Arvind Joshi A Thesis Presented ii Abstract iv 1 Harmonic Mappings 1 1.1 Space of Maps Variation Formula . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11 1.4 Harmonic Maps

Leahy, Richard M.

77

Computation of Slow Invariant Manifolds for Hydrogen-Air Systems  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Summary #12;Introduction Motivation and background Detailed kinetics are essential for accurate modeling systems ILDM, CSP, and ICE-PIC are approximations of the reaction slow invariant manifold. MEPT

78

Fixed points, stable manifolds, weather regimes, and their predictability  

DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

In a simple, one-layer atmospheric model, we study the links between low-frequency variability and the models fixed points in phase space. The model dynamics is characterized by the coexistence of multiple weather regimes. To investigate the transitions from one regime to another, we focus on the identification of stable manifolds associated with fixed points. We show that these manifolds act as separatrices between regimes. We track each manifold by making use of two local predictability measures arising from the meteorological applications of nonlinear dynamics, namely, bred vectors and singular vectors. These results are then verified in the framework of ensemble forecasts issued from clouds (ensembles) of initial states. The divergence of the trajectories allows us to establish the connections between zones of low predictability, the geometry of the stable manifolds, and transitions between regimes.

Deremble, Bruno; D'Andrea, Fabio; Ghil, Michael [Univ. of California, Los Angeles, CA (United Staes). Atmospheric and Oceanic Sciences and Institute of Geophysics and Planetary Physics

2009-10-27T23:59:59.000Z

79

Well-productivity improvement by use of rapid overpressured perforation extension: Case history  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This paper describes an overbalance perforating and surging technique used as a pretreatment to hydraulic fracturing of the Romeo interval at Prudhoe Bay. Operation conditions, surface and bottomhole pressure (BHP) measurements, and modeling results are presented and discussed. Well productivity and the amount of proppant placed are compared with results in offset wells where the technique was not used.

Coueet, B.; Petitjean, L.M. [Schlumberger-Doll Research, Ridgefield, CT (United States); Abel, J.C.; Schmidt, J.H.; Ferguson, K.R.

1996-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

80

On the effect of perforated plates on the acoustics of annular combustors  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

On the effect of perforated plates on the acoustics of annular combustors E. Gullaud1 CERFACS], acoustic Helmholtz solvers can prove to be sufficient to compute the thermoacoustic modes of a combustor accuracy of these computations, the whole complex geometry of the combustor, including the combustion

Paris-Sud XI, Universit de

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "dispersion manifolds perforated" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


81

On the effect of perforated plates on the acoustics of annular combustors  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

On the effect of perforated plates on the acoustics of annular combustors E. Gullaud1 CERFACS [9, 10], the thermoacoustic modes of a combustor can be computed more 3 #12;efficiently by using to account for the complex geometry of the combustor, including the combustion chamber, casing, swirlers

Nicoud, Franck

82

Eulerian simulation of the perforation of aluminum plates by nondeforming projectiles  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A new algorithm for the treatment of sliding interfaces between solids with or without friction in an Eulerian wavecode is described. The algorithm has been implemented in the two-dimensional version of the CTH code. The code was used to simulate penetration and perforation of aluminum plates by rigid, conical-nosed tungsten projectiles. Comparison with experimental data is provided.

Silling, S.A.

1992-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

83

On the ultraviolet behaviour of quantum fields over noncommutative manifolds  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

By exploiting the relation between Fredholm modules and the Segal-Shale-Stinespring version of canonical quantization, and taking as starting point the first-quantized fields described by Connes' axioms for noncommutative spin geometries, a Hamiltonian framework for fermion quantum fields over noncommutative manifolds is introduced. We analyze the ultraviolet behaviour of second-quantized fields over noncommutative 3-tori, and discuss what behaviour should be expected on other noncommutative spin manifolds.

Varilly, J C; Varilly, Joseph C.; Gracia-Bondia, Jose M.

1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

84

Renormalization, unstable manifolds, and the fractal structure of mode locking  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The apparent universality of the fractal dimension of the set of quasiperiodic windings at the onset of chaos in a wide class of circle maps is described by construction of a universal one-parameter family of maps which lies along the unstable manifold of the renormalization group. The manifold generates a universal ''devil's staircase'' whose dimension agrees with direct numerical calculations. Applications to experiments are discussed.

Cvitanovic, P.; Jensen, M.H.; Kadanoff, L.P.; Procaccia, I.

1985-07-22T23:59:59.000Z

85

Instantons on the exceptional holonomy manifolds of Bryant and Salamon  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We give a construction of $G_2$ and $Spin(7)$ instantons on exceptional holonomy manifolds constructed by Bryant and Salamon, by using an ansatz of spherical symmetry coming from the manifolds being the total spaces of rank-4 vector bundles. In the $G_2$ case, we show that, in the asymptotically conical model, the connections are asymptotic to Hermitian Yang-Mills connections on the nearly K\\"ahler $S^3\\times S^3$.

Andrew Clarke

2014-04-15T23:59:59.000Z

86

Dispersed flow film boiling  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Dispersed flow consists of small liquid droplets entrained in a flowing vapor. This flow regime can occur in cryogenic equipment, in steam generators, and during nuclear reactor loss of coolant accidents. A theoretical ...

Yoder, Graydon L.

1980-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

87

Dispersion strengthened copper  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A composition of matter comprised of copper and particles which are dispersed throughout the copper, where the particles are comprised of copper oxide and copper having a coating of copper oxide, and a method for making this composition of matter.

Sheinberg, Haskell (Los Alamos, NM); Meek, Thomas T. (Knoxville, TN); Blake, Rodger D. (Santa Fe, NM)

1990-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

88

Dispersion strengthened copper  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A composition of matter comprised of copper and particles which are dispersed throughout the copper, where the particles are comprised of copper oxide and copper having a coating of copper oxide, and a method for making this composition of matter.

Sheinberg, Haskell (Los Alamos, NM); Meek, Thomas T. (Knoxville, TN); Blake, Rodger D. (Santa Fe, NM)

1989-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

89

Photoelastic investigations of stress concentration in perforated cylindrical shells with internal pressure  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Cylindrical shells with regular perforation are widely used in power generating equipment and in particular in collectors 1 of the circuit of steam generators of power generating installations with water-water reactors (WWPR) The state of stress of collectors is determined by a broad spectrum of technological and operational loads, it is therefore difficult to analyze it theoretically. The aim of the present work is the experimental investigation of stresses in the cylindrical shells of collectors subjected to internal pressure, the generalization and systematization of empirical data in the form of engineering formulas and nomographs. The investigations were carried out with photoelastic three-dimensional models with the use of {open_quotes}freezing{close_quotes}. The basic characteristics of the state of stress of perforated shells (in particular those used in calculations of the strength and life of collectors) are the values of the stress intensity factor K and of the stress intensification factor {gamma}{sub {bar {sigma}}}{sub me} of the mean integral stress level in the neck between neighboring holes. The presented data make it possible to establish quantitatively the regularities of change of K and {gamma}{sub {bar {sigma}}}{sub me} in dependence on the geometry of the perforated shells. These data were systematized according to a special program of multifactor regression analysis. It follows from the presented formulas and nomographs in particular that in the ranges of the geometry of the perforated shells K may change from 2.5 to 4.0, and {gamma}{sub {bar {sigma}}}{sub me} from 1.1 to 2.3. Therefore varied geometric parameters have a substantial effect on the load intensity of perforated shells, and that once again confirms how topical it is to obtain new experimental data, to generalize and systematize them.

Dranchenko, B.N.; Portnov, B.B.; Seleznev, A.V.; Danilova, T.N.; Komarova, S.N.; Ponomareva, V.K.

1994-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

90

KISMET tungsten dispersal experiment  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Results of the KISMET tungsten dispersal experiment indicate a relatively small degree of wall-rock contamination caused by this underground explosive experiment. Designed as an add-on to the KISMET test, which was performed in the U-1a.02 drift of the LYNER facility at Nevada Test Site on 1 March 1995, this experiment involved recovery and analysis of wall-rock samples affected by the high- explosive test. The chemical, high-explosive blast drove tungsten powder, placed around the test package as a plutonium analog, into the surrounding wall- rock alluvium. Sample analyses by an analytical digital electron microscope (ADEM) show tungsten dispersed in the rock as tiny (<10 {mu}m) particles, agglomerates, and coatings on alluvial clasts. Tungsten concentrations, measured by energy dispersive spectral analysis on the ADEM, indicate penetration depths less than 0.1 m and maximum concentrations of 1.5 wt % in the alluvium.

Wohletz, K.; Kunkle, T.; Hawkins, W.

1996-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

91

An elastic-perfectly plastic flow model for finite element analysis of perforated materials  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This paper describes the formulation of an elastic-perfectly plastic flow theory applicable to equivalent solid [EQS] modeling of perforated materials. An equilateral triangular array of circular penetrations is considered. The usual assumptions regarding geometry and loading conditions applicable to the development of elastic constants for EQS modeling of perforated plates are considered to apply here. An elastic-perfectly plastic [EPP] EQS model is developed for a collapse surface that includes fourth-order stress terms. The fourth order yield function has been shown to be appropriate for plates with a triangular array of circular holes. A complete flow model is formulated using the consistent tangent modulus approach based on the fourth order yield function.

Jones, D.P.; Gordon, J.L.; Hutula, D.N.; Banas, D.; Newman, J.B.

1999-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

92

Distributed mean curvature on a discrete manifold for Regge calculus  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The integrated mean curvature of a simplicial manifold is well understood in both Regge Calculus and Discrete Differential Geometry. However, a well motivated pointwise definition of curvature requires a careful choice of volume over which to uniformly distribute the local integrated curvature. We show that hybrid cells formed using both the simplicial lattice and its circumcentric dual emerge as a remarkably natural structure for the distribution of this local integrated curvature. These hybrid cells form a complete tessellation of the simplicial manifold, contain a geometric orthonormal basis, and are also shown to give a pointwise mean curvature with a natural interpretation as a fractional rate of change of the normal vector.

Rory Conboye; Warner A. Miller; Shannon Ray

2015-02-26T23:59:59.000Z

93

Determination of dispersivities from a natural-gradient dispersion test  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, and radioactive wastes. Contaminant hydrogeology is presently a focal point in the realm of hydrologic modeling. Generally, models are designed to represent simplified versions of reality and The style and format of this document was taken from the Journal... dispersivities, v ia a graphical approach, from a natural-gradient dispersion test in which artificial pollution was injected into an aquifer. The dispersion test was conducted by Sud icky et al. (1983) in order to characterize the dispersive properties...

Hoover, Caroline Marie

1985-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

94

Intrinsic Mean Shift for Clustering on Stiefel and Grassmann Manifolds Hasan Ertan C etingul Rene Vidal  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Intrinsic Mean Shift for Clustering on Stiefel and Grassmann Manifolds Hasan Ertan C¸ eting¨ul Ren

95

A MANIFOLD THAT DOES NOT CONTAIN A COMPACT CORE Gerard A. Venema  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A MANIFOLD THAT DOES NOT CONTAIN A COMPACT CORE Gerard A. Venema June 2, 1997 A b s t r ac t . A core of a (noncompact) manifold is a submanifold with the property that the inclusion to contain a compact core even though the manifold has the homotopy type of a finite complex. 1. Introduction

Venema, Gerard

96

The Complexity of Geodesic Voronoi Diagrams on Triangulated 2-Manifold Surfaces  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The Complexity of Geodesic Voronoi Diagrams on Triangulated 2-Manifold Surfaces Yong-Jin Liu1 , Kai 2-manifold surface, based on the geodesic metric. Given a triangulated 2-manifold T of n faces T, the Voronoi diagram of a set of point sites based on the geodesic metric (called below geodesic

Tang, Kai

97

White noise analysis on manifolds and the energy representation of a gauge group  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The energy representation of a gauge group on a Riemannian manifold has been discussed by several authors. Y. Shimada has shown the irreducibility for compact Riemannian manifold, using white noise analysis. In this paper we extend its technique to noncompact Riemannian manifolds which have differential operators satisfying some conditions.

Takahiro Hasebe

2011-01-15T23:59:59.000Z

98

Thermorheological properties of nanostructured dispersions  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Nanostructured dispersions, which consist of nanometer-sized particles, tubes, sheets, or droplets that are dispersed in liquids, have exhibited substantially higher thermal conductivities over those of the liquids alone. ...

Gordon, Jeremy B

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

99

TOPOLOGICAL PROPERTIES OF ESCHENBURG SPACES AND 3-SASAKIAN MANIFOLDS  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, AND WOLFGANG ZILLER Riemannian manifolds with positive sectional curvature have been a frequent topic of global by (a, b, c) = (2279, 1603, 384) and (2528, 939, 799) with r = 5143925. The two 3-Sasakian metrics sectional curvature, although the 3-Sasakian metric never has positive curvature. They are special cases

Ziller, Wolfgang

100

Generic measures for geodesic flows on nonpositively curved manifolds  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Generic measures for geodesic flows on nonpositively curved manifolds Yves Coud`ene, Barbara the generic invariant probability measures for the geodesic flow on connected complete nonpositively curved subset of the set of all probability measures invariant by the geodesic flow. The proof of K. Sigmund

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "dispersion manifolds perforated" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


101

INTEGRABILITY OF GEODESIC FLOWS AND ISOSPECTRALITY OF RIEMANNIAN MANIFOLDS  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

INTEGRABILITY OF GEODESIC FLOWS AND ISOSPECTRALITY OF RIEMANNIAN MANIFOLDS DOROTHEE SCHUETH are isospectral for the Laplace operator on functions and such that M has completely integrable geodesic flow of the submanifolds of the unit tangent bundle given by two maximal continuous families of closed geodesics

Schüth, Dorothee

102

An implicit trust-region method on Riemannian manifolds  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Jun 6, 2007 ... described in terms of optimizing a smooth function on a manifold (e.g., the eigen- value problem .... Use CG recurrences to update residual and search direction. 21: Set rj+1 = rj .... only once and never re-enter it. However, for...

2007-06-06T23:59:59.000Z

103

Manifold Homotopy via the Flow Complex Bardia Sadri  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

modeling though much of the mathematical foundations behind the flow complex were well-explored priorManifold Homotopy via the Flow Complex Bardia Sadri Abstract It is known that the critical points versus those of deep critical points, in a filtration of the flow complex based on the distance

Toronto, University of

104

Nozzle for electric dispersion reactor  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A nozzle for an electric dispersion reactor includes two concentric electrodes, the inner one of the two delivering disperse phase fluid into a continuous phase fluid. A potential difference generated by a voltage source creates a dispersing electric field at the end of the inner electrode. 4 figs.

Sisson, W.G.; Basaran, O.A.; Harris, M.T.

1995-11-07T23:59:59.000Z

105

Nozzle for electric dispersion reactor  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A nozzle for an electric dispersion reactor includes two coaxial cylindrical bodies, the inner one of the two delivering disperse phase fluid into a continuous phase fluid. A potential difference generated by a voltage source creates a dispersing electric field at the end of the inner electrode. 5 figs.

Sisson, W.G.; Harris, M.T.; Scott, T.C.; Basaran, O.A.

1998-06-02T23:59:59.000Z

106

Nozzle for electric dispersion reactor  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A nozzle for an electric dispersion reactor includes two coaxial cylindrical bodies, the inner one of the two delivering disperse phase fluid into a continuous phase fluid. A potential difference generated by a voltage source creates a dispersing electric field at the end of the inner electrode. 5 figs.

Sisson, W.G.; Harris, M.T.; Scott, T.C.; Basaran, O.A.

1996-04-02T23:59:59.000Z

107

Nozzle for electric dispersion reactor  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A nozzle for an electric dispersion reactor includes two concentric electrodes, the inner one of the two delivering disperse phase fluid into a continuous phase fluid. A potential difference generated by a voltage source creates a dispersing electric field at the end of the inner electrode. 4 figs.

Sisson, W.G.; Basaran, O.A.; Harris, M.T.

1998-04-14T23:59:59.000Z

108

Nozzle for electric dispersion reactor  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A nozzle for an electric dispersion reactor includes two concentric electrodes, the inner one of the two delivering disperse phase fluid into a continuous phase fluid. A potential difference generated by a voltage source creates a dispersing electric field at the end of the inner electrode.

Sisson, Warren G. (Oak Ridge, TN); Basaran, Osman A. (Oak Ridge, TN); Harris, Michael T. (Knoxville, TN)

1995-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

109

Nozzle for electric dispersion reactor  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A nozzle for an electric dispersion reactor includes two coaxial cylindrical bodies, the inner one of the two delivering disperse phase fluid into a continuous phase fluid. A potential difference generated by a voltage source creates a dispersing electric field at the end of the inner electrode.

Sisson, Warren G. (Oak Ridge, TN); Harris, Michael T. (Knoxville, TN); Scott, Timothy C. (Knoxville, TN); Basaran, Osman A. (Oak Ridge, TN)

1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

110

Nozzle for electric dispersion reactor  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A nozzle for an electric dispersion reactor includes two concentric electrodes, the inner one of the two delivering disperse phase fluid into a continuous phase fluid. A potential difference generated by a voltage source creates a dispersing electric field at the end of the inner electrode.

Sisson, Warren G. (Oak Ridge, TN); Basaran, Osman A. (Oak Ridge, TN); Harris, Michael T. (Knoxville, TN)

1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

111

Nozzle for electric dispersion reactor  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A nozzle for an electric dispersion reactor includes two coaxial cylindrical bodies, the inner one of the two delivering disperse phase fluid into a continuous phase fluid. A potential difference generated by a voltage source creates a dispersing electric field at the end of the inner electrode.

Sisson, Warren G. (Oak Ridge, TN); Harris, Michael T. (Knoxville, TN); Scott, Timothy C. (Knoxville, TN); Basaran, Osman A. (Oak Ridge, TN)

1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

112

Phonon dispersion in graphene  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Taking into account the constraints imposed by the lattice symmetry, the phonon dispersion is calculated for graphene with interactions between the first and second nearest neighbors in the framework of the Born-von Karman model. Analytical expressions are obtained for the out-of-plane (bending) modes determined only by two force constants as well as for the in-plane modes with four force constants. Values of the force constants are found in fitting to elastic constants and Raman frequencies observed in graphite.

L. A. Falkovsky

2007-08-11T23:59:59.000Z

113

Regularized Algebraic Nets for General Covariant QFT on Differentiable Manifolds  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Quantum general relativity may be considered as generally covariant QFT on differentiable manifolds, without any a priori metric structure. The kinematically covariance group acts by general diffeomorphisms on the manifold and by automorphisms on the isotonic net of *-algebras encoding the QFT, while the algebra of observables is covariant under the dynamical subgroup of the general diffeomorphism group. Here, I focus on an algebraic implementation of the dynamical subgroup of dilations. Introducing an small and large scale cutoffs algebraically, their usual a priori conflict with general covariance is avoided. Thereby, a commutant duality between the minimal and maximal algebra is proposed. This allows to extract the modular structure, which is again related to the dilations.

M. Rainer

1997-05-30T23:59:59.000Z

114

Interacting quintessence dark energy models in Lyra manifold  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In this paper, we consider two-component dark energy models in Lyra manifold. The first component is assumed as a quintessence field while the second model may be a viscous polytropic gas, a viscous Van der Waals gas or a viscous modified Chaplygin gas. We also consider the possibility of interaction between components. By using numerical analysis, we study some cosmological parameters of the models and compare them with observational data.

M. Khurshudyan; J. Sadeghi; R. Myrzakulov; A. Pasqua; H. Farahani

2014-08-18T23:59:59.000Z

115

Well productivity improvement using extreme overbalanced perforating and surging-case history  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This paper describes overbalanced perforating and surging operations as a pretreatment to hydraulic fracturing for the Romeo interval at Prudhoe Bay. Operation conditions are presented and discussed, as well as surface and bottomhole pressure measurements. Well productivity and the amount of proppant placed are compared to results in offset wells where the technique was not applied. The paper shows how the use of the technique allows placement of small, highly conductive fractures in intervals that were not previously considered fracturing candidates due to the close proximity to the gas/oil contact (GOC). The paper also shows pressure transient analysis affirming the technique as a stand-alone stimulation. It is shown that the use of extreme overbalanced perforating and surging treatments prior to hydraulic fracturing produces a substantial increase both in the success rate and the efficiency of the hydraulic fracturing operation and in the production rate of the wells that are pretreated. Finally, a comparison between pressure data and a new radial fracture propagation model shows a good match. The model demonstrates that high-energy treatment can significantly increase the extension and the height of the fracture; this was corroborated by downhole pressure measurements recorded during one overbalance treatment and by well logs.

Petitjean, L.; Coueet, B.; Abel, J.C. [and others

1995-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

116

First laboratory perforating tests in coal show lower-than-expected penetration  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Worldwide Coal Bed Methane (CBM) resources are huge, estimated at 3,000 to 9,000 Tcf. The production rate from CBM reservoirs is low, perhaps 50-100 mcf/day. Various completion methods are being evaluated and new technologies are being developed with the aim of increasing production rates. Considering this interest and activity level, little attention has been paid to the CBM completion fundamentals. Perforating is a critical part of this process, especially considering the PRB development migration from single-coal, open-hole completions into multi-zone, cased-hole completions. This paper describes the first known laboratory-testing program to investigate shaped charge penetration in coal targets. We describe mechanical properties of the coals tested, and penetration results for different shaped charges (of different designs), shot at various stress conditions. CT scan and cutaway imaging of the perforation tunnels are also discussed. Tests were conducted under dry and saturated conditions. The preliminary experiments reported here indicate that shaped charge penetration in coal is significantly less than expected, considering the target's density and strength. The authors provide insight into what may be the reasons for these unexpected results and recommend a path forward for shaped charge testing, designs, predictive tools, and how to optimize CBM completions.

Snider, P.M.; Walton, I.C.; Skinner, T.K.; Atwood, D.C.; Grove, B.M.; Graham, C.

2008-06-15T23:59:59.000Z

117

Monopoles on the Bryant-Salamon $G_2$ Manifolds  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

$G_2$-Monopoles are solutions to gauge theoretical equations on noncompact $7$-manifolds of $G_2$ holonomy. We shall study this equation on the $3$ Bryant-Salamon manifolds. We construct examples of $G_2$-monopoles on two of these manifolds, namely the total space of the bundle of anti-self-dual two forms over the $\\mathbb{S}^4$ and $\\mathbb{CP}^2$. These are the first nontrivial examples of $G_2$-monopoles. Associated with each monopole there is a parameter $m \\in \\mathbb{R}^+$, known as the mass of the monopole. We prove that under a symmetry assumption, for each given $m \\in \\mathbb{R}^+$ there is a unique monopole with mass $m$. We also find explicit irreducible $G_2$-instantons on $\\Lambda^2_-(\\mathbb{S}^4)$ and on $\\Lambda^2_-(\\mathbb{CP}^2)$. The third Bryant-Salamon $G_2$-metric lives on the spinor bundle over the $3$-sphere. In this case we produce a vanishing theorem for monopoles.

Goncalo Oliveira

2014-11-06T23:59:59.000Z

118

Environmental Pollution Air Pollution Dispersion Practical Air Pollution Dispersion  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Environmental Pollution Air Pollution Dispersion 1 of 5 Practical ­ Air Pollution Dispersion in the lectures how such models can be used to explain observed concentrations of air pollutants in an area and to test `what-if' scenarios for pollution control and reduction. You will use the Gaussian Plume Model

Moncrieff, John B.

119

Interference Fracturing: Non-Uniform Distributions of Perforation Clusters that Promote Simultaneous Growth of Multiple Hydraulic Fractures  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Simultaneous Growth of Multiple Hydraulic Fractures A.P. Peirce, University of British Columbia and A.P. Bunger in horizontal well stimulation is the generation of hydraulic fractures (HFs) from all perforation clusters shadowing" that refers to suppression of some hydraulic fractures by the compressive stresses exerted

Peirce, Anthony

120

IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON NUCLEAR SCIENCE, VOL. 53, NO. 3, JUNE 2006 1659 Efficiencies of Coated and Perforated Semiconductor  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

be realized for doubled or "sand- wiched" devices. Index Terms--Perforated detector, semiconductor neutron de neutron detection by a variety of re- search groups [1]­[14], all of which have generally used B, Li, Li 66506 USA (e-mail: mc- gregor@ksu.edu). Digital Object Identifier 10.1109/TNS.2006.872639 enter

Shultis, J. Kenneth

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "dispersion manifolds perforated" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


121

Influence of gas flow rate on liquid distribution in trickle-beds using perforated plates as liquid distributors  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

" the distribution imposed at the top of the reactor. Finally, a comparison between the two measuring techniques-beds reactors, the second will directly affect its performances. Indeed, a bad liquid distribution will not only distribution when fluids distribution on top of the reactor is ensured by a perforated plate. In opposition

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

122

Thermo-mechanical behaviour of TRIP 1000 steel sheets subjected to low velocity perforation by conical projectiles at different temperatures  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

on the transformation kinetics of TRIP and dual phase steels has been analyzed by many researchers, for example Al are responsible for the deformation pro cess taking place in TRIP steels during and after the phase transforThermo-mechanical behaviour of TRIP 1000 steel sheets subjected to low velocity perforation

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

123

Modeling volcanic ash dispersal  

ScienceCinema (OSTI)

Explosive volcanic eruptions inject into the atmosphere large amounts of volcanic material (ash, blocks and lapilli). Blocks and larger lapilli follow ballistic and non-ballistic trajectories and fall rapidly close to the volcano. In contrast, very fine ashes can remain entrapped in the atmosphere for months to years, and may affect the global climate in the case of large eruptions. Particles having sizes between these two end-members remain airborne from hours to days and can cover wide areas downwind. Such volcanic fallout entails a serious threat to aircraft safety and can create many undesirable effects to the communities located around the volcano. The assessment of volcanic fallout hazard is an important scientific, economic, and political issue, especially in densely populated areas. From a scientific point of view, considerable progress has been made during the last two decades through the use of increasingly powerful computational models and capabilities. Nowadays, models are used to quantify hazard scenarios and/or to give short-term forecasts during emergency situations. This talk will be focused on the main aspects related to modeling volcanic ash dispersal and fallout with application to the well known problem created by the Eyjafjll volcano in Iceland. Moreover, a short description of the main volcanic monitoring techniques is presented.

None

2011-10-06T23:59:59.000Z

124

Milnor-Wood inequalities for manifolds locally isometric to a product of hyperbolic planes  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This note describes sharp Milnor--Wood inequalities for the Euler number of flat oriented vector bundles over closed Riemannian manifolds locally isometric to products of hyperbolic planes. One consequence is that such manifolds do not admit an affine structure, confirming Chern--Sullivan's conjecture in this case. The manifolds under consideration are of particular interest, since in contrary to many other locally symmetric spaces they do admit flat vector bundle of the corresponding dimension. When the manifold is irreducible and of higher rank, it is shown that flat oriented vector bundles are determined completely by the sign of the Euler number.

Bucher, Michelle

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

125

An upper bound for a Hilbert polynomial on quaternionic K"ahler manifolds  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

manifold (M, g) * *with holon- omy contained in Sp(1) . Sp(n). Associated with M is the twistor space Z

Weingart, Gregor

126

Induced matter: Curved N-manifolds encapsulated in Riemann-flat N+1 dimensional space  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Liko and Wesson have recently introduced a new 5-dimensional induced matter solution of the Einstein equations, a negative curvature Robertson-Walker space embedded in a Riemann flat 5-dimensional manifold. We show that this solution is a special case of a more general theorem prescribing the structure of certain N+1-dimensional Riemann flat spaces which are all solutions of the Einstein equations. These solutions encapsulate N-dimensional curved manifolds. Such spaces are said to "induce matter" in the sub-manifolds by virtue of their geometric structure alone. We prove that the N-manifold can be any maximally symmetric space.

Harry I. Ringermacher; Lawrence R. Mead

2005-11-02T23:59:59.000Z

127

The Bryant-Salamon G_2 manifolds and hypersurface geometry  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We show that two of the Bryant-Salamon G_2-manifolds have a simple topology ; homeomorphic to the complement of some submanifolds of the 7-dimensional sphere. In this connection, we show there exists a complete Ricci-flat (non-flat) metric on the complement of an m-dimensional sphere in an n-dimensional sphere for some n-1>m. We also give many examples of special Lagrangian submanifolds of the cotangent bundle of the sphere with the Stenzel metric. Hypersurface geometry is essential in the argument.

Reiko Miyaoka

2006-06-02T23:59:59.000Z

128

Quantum error correcting codes and 4-dimensional arithmetic hyperbolic manifolds  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Using 4-dimensional arithmetic hyperbolic manifolds, we construct some new homological quantum error correcting codes. They are low density parity check codes with linear rate and distance n{sup ?}. Their rate is evaluated via Euler characteristic arguments and their distance using Z{sub 2}-systolic geometry. This construction answers a question of Zmor [On Cayley graphs, surface codes, and the limits of homological coding for quantum error correction, in Proceedings of Second International Workshop on Coding and Cryptology (IWCC), Lecture Notes in Computer Science Vol. 5557 (2009), pp. 259273], who asked whether homological codes with such parameters could exist at all.

Guth, Larry, E-mail: lguth@math.mit.edu [Department of Mathematics, MIT, Cambridge, Massachusetts 02139 (United States); Lubotzky, Alexander, E-mail: alex.lubotzky@mail.huji.ac.il [Institute of Mathematics, Hebrew University, Jerusalem 91904 (Israel)

2014-08-15T23:59:59.000Z

129

Ballistic dispersion in temperature gradient focusing  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

regime is the most familiar regime in microfluidic systems, an oft-overlooked regime is that of purely kinematic (or ballistic) dispersion. In most microfluidic systems, this dispersion regime is transient systems. Keywords: microfluidics; temperature gradient focusing; kinematic dispersion; Taylor

Santiago, Juan G.

130

Asphaltene dispersants as demulsification aids  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Destabilization of petroleum asphaltenes may cause a multitude of problems in crude oil recovery and production. One major problem is their agglomeration at the water-oil interface of crude oil emulsions. Once agglomeration occurs, destabilized asphaltenes can form a thick pad in the dehydration equipment, which significantly reduces the demulsification rate. Certain polymeric dispersants increase asphaltene solubilization in hydrocarbon media, and when used in conjunction with emulsion breakers, facilitate the demulsification process. Two case studies are presented that demonstrate how asphaltene dispersants can efficiently inhibit pad formation and help reduce demulsifier dosage. Criteria for dispersant application and selection are discussed, which include the application of a novel laboratory technique to assess asphaltene stabilization in the crude oil. The technique monitors asphaltene agglomeration while undergoing titration with an incompatible solvent (precipitant). The method was used to evaluate stabilization of asphaltenes in the crude oil and to screen asphaltene dispersants.

Manek, M.B.

1995-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

131

Neutrino dispersion in magnetized plasma  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The neutrino dispersion in the charge symmetric magnetized plasma is investigated. We have studied the plasma contribution into the additional energy of neutrino and obtained the simple expression for it. We consider in detail the neutrino self-energy under physical conditions of weak field, moderate field and strong field limits. It is shown that our result for neutrino dispersion in moderate magnetic field differ substantially from the previous one in the literature.

N. V. Mikheev; E. N. Narynskaya

2008-12-02T23:59:59.000Z

132

Gas Manifold for Olefin Polymerization and a Convenient Reactor Design for the Parallel  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

construction of a gas manifold line in which olefin polymerizations can be performed using heavy- walled glass in order to shut off the supply line to the manifold and purge the regulator after replacing a cylinder. Columns of molecular sieves and Q-5 oxygen scavenger are placed in line to remove any residual water

133

Convergence and Rate of Convergence of A Manifold-Based Dimension Reduction Algorithm  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of a local manifold learning algorithm: LTSA [13]. The main technical tool is the perturbation analysis some asymptotic properties of a local manifold learning algorithm: LTSA [13], as well as a demonstration of some of its limitations. The key idea in the analysis is to treat the solutions computed

Zha, Hongyuan

134

DESINGULARIZING HOMOLOGY MANIFOLDS J. BRYANT, S. FERRY, W. MIO, AND S. WEINBERGER  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

DESINGULARIZING HOMOLOGY MANIFOLDS J. BRYANT, S. FERRY, W. MIO, AND S. WEINBERGER Abstract. We Date: August 24, 2005. Bryant and Mio were partially supported by NSF grants DMS-0071693 and DMS supported by NSF grant DMS-9803633. 1 #12;2 J. BRYANT, S. FERRY, W. MIO, AND S. WEINBERGER manifolds

Mio, Washington

135

Hamilton-Jacobi Equations on a Manifold and Applications to Grid Generation or Re nement.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Hamilton-Jacobi Equations on a Manifold and Applications to Grid Generation or Re#28;nement. Ph Hamilton-Jacobi equations on a manifold, typically on the graph of some previously computed function z method. Keywords: Hamilton-Jacobi equations, viscosity solutions, level set method, adaptative meshes

136

Analytical invariant manifolds near unstable points and the structure of chaos  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

It is known that the asymptotic invariant manifolds around an unstable periodic orbit in conservative systems can be represented by convergent series (Cherry 1926, Moser 1956, 1958, Giorgilli 2001). The unstable and stable manifolds intersect at an infinity of homoclinic points, generating a complicated homoclinic tangle. In the case of simple mappings it was found (Da Silva Ritter et al. 1987) that the domain of convergence of the formal series extends to infinity along the invariant manifolds. This allows in practice to study the homoclinic tangle using only series. However in the case of Hamiltonian systems, or mappings with a finite analyticity domain,the convergence of the series along the asymptotic manifolds is also finite. Here, we provide numerical indications that the convergence does not reach any homoclinic points. We discuss in detail the convergence problem in various cases and we find the degree of approximation of the analytical invariant manifolds to the real (numerical) manifolds as i) the order of truncation of the series increases, and ii) we use higher numerical precision in computing the coefficients of the series. Then we introduce a new method of series composition, by using action-angle variables, that allows the calculation of the asymptotic manifolds up to an a arbitrarily large extent. This is the first case of an analytic development that allows the computation of the invariant manifolds and their intersections in a Hamiltonian system for an extent long enough to allow the study of homoclinic chaos by analytical means.

C. Efthymiopoulos; G. Contopoulos; M. Katsanikas

2014-04-30T23:59:59.000Z

137

THE FBI TRANSFORM ON COMPACT C 1 MANIFOLDS JARED WUNSCH AND MACIEJ ZWORSKI  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

THE FBI TRANSFORM ON COMPACT C 1 MANIFOLDS JARED WUNSCH AND MACIEJ ZWORSKI 1. Introduction In this paper we discuss the Fourier-Bros-Iagolnitzer (FBI) transform on smooth, boundaryless manifolds-compactness of the cotangent bundle. By reviewing the basic constructions of the FBI transform theory, we hope to make

Zworski, Maciej

138

Model building with intersecting D6-branes on smooth Calabi-Yau manifolds  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We study intersecting D6-branes in Calabi-Yau manifolds that are smooth hypersurfaces in weighted projective spaces. We develop the techniques for calculating intersection numbers between special Lagrangian sub-manifolds defined as fixed loci of anti-holomorphic involutions. We present global Pati-Salam and MSSM-like models that are supersymmetric up to a decoupled hidden sector.

Eran Palti

2009-02-20T23:59:59.000Z

139

Resolvent estimates and local decay of waves on conic manifolds  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We consider manifolds with conic singularites that are isometric to $\\mathbb{R}^{n}$ outside a compact set. Under natural geometric assumptions on the cone points, we prove the existence of a logarithmic resonance-free region for the cut-off resolvent. The estimate also applies to the exterior domains of non-trapping polygons via a doubling process. The proof of the resolvent estimate relies on the propagation of singularities theorems of Melrose and the second author to establish a "very weak" Huygens' principle, which may be of independent interest. As applications of the estimate, we obtain a exponential local energy decay and a resonance wave expansion in odd dimensions, as well as a lossless local smoothing estimate for the Schr{\\"o}dinger equation.

Dean Baskin; Jared Wunsch

2012-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

140

Printed circuit dispersive transmission line  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A printed circuit dispersive transmission line structure is disclosed comprising an insulator, a ground plane formed on one surface of the insulator, a first transmission line formed on a second surface of the insulator, and a second transmission line also formed on the second surface of the insulator and of longer length than the first transmission line and periodically intersecting the first transmission line. In a preferred embodiment, the transmission line structure exhibits highly dispersive characteristics by designing the length of one of the transmission line between two adjacent periodic intersections to be longer than the other. 5 figures.

Ikezi, H.; Lin-Liu, Y.R.; DeGrassie, J.S.

1991-08-27T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "dispersion manifolds perforated" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


141

Dispersion-compensated Fresnel lens  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A transmission grating is used to reduce chromatic aberration in a Fresnel lens, wherein the lens chromatic dispersion is offset and substantially canceled by the grating's diffraction-induced dispersion. The grating comprises a Fresnel-type pattern of microscopic facets molded directly into the lens surface. The facets would typically have a profile height of around 4[times]10[sup [minus]5] inch and a profile width of at least 10[sup [minus]3] inch. In its primary intended application, the invention would function to improve the optical performance of a Fresnel lens used to concentrate direct sunlight. 10 figs.

Johnson, K.C.

1992-11-03T23:59:59.000Z

142

Milnor-Wood inequalities for manifolds which are locally a product of surfaces  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The classical Milnor-Wood inequalities for the Euler number of flat oriented vector bundles over surfaces are generalized for higher dimensional closed manifolds that admit a local structure of products of planes. These include products of surfaces as well as closed Hilbert-Blumenthal modular varieties. As a consequence, the Chern Conjecture is confirmed for such manifolds. For manifolds admitting a rigid locally symmetric structure, a complete classification is given for the flat vector bundles with nonzero Euler number. Some of the main results were announced in C.R. Acad. Sci. Paris, Ser. I 346 (2008) 661-666.

Bucher, Michelle

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

143

5, 1196512030, 2005 Dispersion on  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

ACPD 5, 11965­12030, 2005 Dispersion on complex terrain under winter conditions J. L. Palau et al-resolution mesoscale and Lagrangian particle models J. L. Palau1 , G. P´erez-Landa1 , J. Meli´a2 , D. Segarra2 , and M November 2005 ­ Published: 22 November 2005 Correspondence to: J. L. Palau (jlp@confluencia.biz) © 2005

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

144

DEPTH OF PLEATED SURFACES IN TOROIDAL CUSPS OF HYPERBOLIC 3-MANIFOLDS  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

DEPTH OF PLEATED SURFACES IN TOROIDAL CUSPS OF HYPERBOLIC 3-MANIFOLDS Ying-Qing Wu1 Abstract. Let F 0203394 1 #12;2 YING-QING WU The following theorem gives an estimation of the depth of closed essential

Wu, Ying-Qing

145

Toroidal Dehn fillings on hyperbolic 3-manifolds Cameron McA. Gordon  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Toroidal Dehn fillings on hyperbolic 3-manifolds Cameron McA. Gordon Ying-Qing Wu Author address 0305846. Ying-Qing Wu was partially supported by NSF grant DMS 0203394. vi #12;1. INTRODUCTION 1 1

Wu, Ying-Qing

146

Mechanical Systems on an almost Khler model of a Finsler Manifold  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In this study, we present a new analogue of Euler-Lagrange and Hamilton equations on an almost K\\"ahler model of a Finsler manifold. Also, we give some corollories about the related mechanical systems and equations.

Mehmet Tekkoyun; O?uzhan elik

2012-11-06T23:59:59.000Z

147

Charting a manifold Matthew Brand, MERL (draft revised Oct 2002 to appear NIPS'02)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Charting a manifold Matthew Brand, MERL (draft revised Oct 2002 to appear NIPS'02) Abstract We to untie knots, unroll and untwist sheets, and visualize/compress high-dimensional biomechanical and image

Roberts, Stephen

148

Calculation of Invariant Manifolds for Reacting Ashraf N. Al-Khateeb, Joseph M. Powers, Samuel Paolucci,  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

in detailed gas-phase chemical kinetics modeling, detailed kinetics are essential for accurate modeling;Partial Review of Manifold Methods in Reactive Systems The ILDM, CSP, and ICE-PIC are approximations

149

Manifold and method of batch measurement of Hg-196 concentration using a mass spectrometer  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A sample manifold and method of its use has been developed so that milligram quantities of mercury can be analyzed mass spectroscopically to determine the .sup.196 Hg concentration to less than 0.02 atomic percent. Using natural mercury as a standard, accuracy of .+-.0.002 atomic percent can be obtained. The mass spectrometer preferably used is a commercially available GC/MS manufactured by Hewlett Packard. A novel sample manifold is contained within an oven allowing flow rate control of Hg into the MS. Another part of the manifold connects to an auxiliary pumping system which facilitates rapid clean up of residual Hg in the manifold. Sample cycle time is about 1 hour.

Grossman, Mark W. (Belmont, MA); Evans, Roger (N. Hampton, NH)

1991-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

150

Manifold and method of batch measurement of Hg-196 concentration using a mass spectrometer  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A sample manifold and method of its use has been developed so that milligram quantities of mercury can be analyzed mass spectroscopically to determine the [sup 196]Hg concentration to less than 0.02 atomic percent. Using natural mercury as a standard, accuracy of [+-]0.002 atomic percent can be obtained. The mass spectrometer preferably used is a commercially available GC/MS manufactured by Hewlett Packard. A novel sample manifold is contained within an oven allowing flow rate control of Hg into the MS. Another part of the manifold connects to an auxiliary pumping system which facilitates rapid clean up of residual Hg in the manifold. Sample cycle time is about 1 hour. 8 figures.

Grossman, M.W.; Evans, R.

1991-11-26T23:59:59.000Z

151

"Stable Prime Decompositions of Four-Manifolds" Matthias Kreck, Wolfgang Luck  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Mi with i = 1(Mi). Stably means that one allows additional connected sums with some copies of S2 ? S2 is oriented diffeomorphic to a connected sum n i=1Mi of oriented manifolds Mi which are prime, i.e. if Mi is diffeomorphic to Mi Mi then Mi or Mi is oriented diffeomorphic to S3 . The manifolds Mi are unique up to order

Teichner, Peter

152

Gravitational dispersion in a torsional wave machine  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We demonstrate that mechanical waves traveling in a torsional, mechanical wave machine exhibit dispersion due to gravity and the discreteness of the medium. We also show that although the dispersion due to discreteness is negligible, the dispersion due to gravity can be easily measured, and can be shown to disappear in a zero-gravity environment.

Rafael de la Madrid; Alejandro Gonzalez; George Irwin

2014-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

153

Dispersion enhanced metal/zeolite catalysts  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

Dispersion stabilized zeolite supported metal catalysts are provided as bimetallic catalyst combinations. The catalyst metal is in a reduced zero valent form while the dispersion stabilizer metal is in an unreduced ionic form. Representative catalysts are prepared from platinum or nickel as the catalyst metal and iron or chromium dispersion stabilizer.

Sachtler, W.M.H.; Tzou, M.S.; Jiang, H.J.

1987-03-31T23:59:59.000Z

154

Quantifying The Complexity Of Geodesic Paths On Curved Statistical Manifolds Through Information Geometric Entropies and Jacobi Fields  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We characterize the complexity of geodesic paths on a curved statistical manifold M_{s} through the asymptotic computation of the information geometric complexity V_{M_{s}} and the Jacobi vector field intensity J_{M_{s}}. The manifold M_{s} is a 2l-dimensional Gaussian model reproduced by an appropriate embedding in a larger 4l-dimensional Gaussian manifold and endowed with a Fisher-Rao information metric g_{{\\mu}{\

Carlo Cafaro; Stefano Mancini

2010-11-25T23:59:59.000Z

155

Natural star-products on symplectic manifolds and related quantum mechanical operators  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In this paper is considered a problem of defining natural star-products on symplectic manifolds, admissible for quantization of classical Hamiltonian systems. First, a construction of a star-product on a cotangent bundle to an Euclidean configuration space is given with the use of a sequence of pair-wise commuting vector fields. The connection with a covariant representation of such a star-product is also presented. Then, an extension of the construction to symplectic manifolds over flat and non-flat pseudo-Riemannian configuration spaces is discussed. Finally, a coordinate free construction of related quantum mechanical operators from Hilbert space over respective configuration space is presented. -- Highlights: Invariant representations of natural star-products on symplectic manifolds are considered. Star-products induced by flat and non-flat connections are investigated. Operator representations in Hilbert space of considered star-algebras are constructed.

B?aszak, Maciej, E-mail: blaszakm@amu.edu.pl; Doma?ski, Ziemowit, E-mail: ziemowit@amu.edu.pl

2014-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

156

The abstract boundary---a new approach to singularities of manifolds  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A new scheme is proposed for dealing with the problem of singularities in General Relativity. The proposal is, however, much more general than this. It can be used to deal with manifolds of any dimension which are endowed with nothing more than an affine connection, and requires a family \\calc\\ of curves satisfying a {\\em bounded parameter property} to be specified at the outset. All affinely parametrised geodesics are usually included in this family, but different choices of family \\calc\\ will in general lead to different singularity structures. Our key notion is the {\\em abstract boundary\\/} or {\\em $a$-boundary\\/} of a manifold, which is defined for any manifold \\calm\\ and is independent of both the affine connection and the chosen family \\calc\\ of curves. The $a$-boundary is made up of equivalence classes of boundary points of \\calm\\ in all possible open embeddings. It is shown that for a pseudo-Riemannian manifold $(\\calm,g)$ with a specified family \\calc\\ of curves, the abstract boundary points can then be split up into four main categories---regular, points at infinity, unapproachable points and singularities. Precise definitions are also provided for the notions of a {\\em removable singularity} and a {\\em directional singularity}. The pseudo-Riemannian manifold will be said to be singularity-free if its abstract boundary contains no singularities. The scheme passes a number of tests required of any theory of singularities. For instance, it is shown that all compact manifolds are singularity-free, irrespective of the metric and chosen family \\calc.

Susan M. Scott; Peter Szekeres

1994-05-26T23:59:59.000Z

157

Dissociations of the Medial and Lateral Perforant Path Projections Into Dorsal DG, CA3, and CA1 for Spatial and Nonspatial (Visual Object)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

-amino-5-phosphonovaleric acid (APV) infusions, whereas lateral perforant path plasticity can be attenuated by naloxone infusions. The present experiment was designed to evaluate the role of each entorhinal) changes in the overall configuration of environmental stimuli. Dorsal dentate gyrus infusions of either

Wagner, Anthony

158

PRICE LEVELS AND DISPERSION WITH ASYMMETRIC INFORMATION.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??In the extensive literature on price dispersions that exists to date, there is a gap in the analysis of how market structure affects prices as (more)

Bhattacharya, Tanmoy

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

159

Dispersion compensation for attosecond electron pulses  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We propose a device to compensate for the dispersion of attosecond electron pulses. The device uses only static electric and magnetic fields and therefore does not require synchronization to the pulsed electron source. Analogous to the well-known optical dispersion compensator, an electron dispersion compensator separates paths by energy in space. Magnetic fields are used as the dispersing element, while a Wien filter is used for compensation of the electron arrival times. We analyze a device with a size of centimeters, which can be applied to ultrafast electron diffraction and microscopy, and fundamental studies.

Hansen, Peter; Baumgarten, Cory; Batelaan, Herman; Centurion, Martin [Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of Nebraska-Lincoln, Lincoln, Nebraska 68588 (United States)

2012-08-20T23:59:59.000Z

160

Manifold modeling for brain population analysis Samuel Gerber *, Tolga Tasdizen, P. Thomas Fletcher, Sarang Joshi, Ross Whitaker, and the Alzheimers  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of the population. We evaluate the proposed method on the OASIS and ADNI brain databases of head MR images in twoManifold modeling for brain population analysis Samuel Gerber *, Tolga Tasdizen, P. Thomas Fletcher Brain MRI Manifold learning Computer aided clinical diagnosis a b s t r a c t This paper describes

Utah, University of

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "dispersion manifolds perforated" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


161

Topology of Homology Manifolds J. Bryant1, S. Ferry1, W. Mio1, and S. Weinberger1; 2  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Topology of Homology Manifolds J. Bryant1, S. Ferry1, W. Mio1, and S. Weinberger1; 2 Florida State and Bryant-Lacher 7 , when the dimension of the singular set of the homology manifold is in the stable range

Mio, Washington

162

On rank 2 vector bundles on Fano manifolds Roberto Mu~noz, Gianluca Occhetta, and Luis E. Sola Conde  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

On rank 2 vector bundles on Fano manifolds Roberto Mu~noz, Gianluca Occhetta, and Luis E. Sol´a~NOZ, GIANLUCA OCCHETTA, AND LUIS E. SOL´A CONDE setting of rank two vector bundles on Fano manifolds of Picard

Occhetta, Gianluca

163

Method of dispersing a hydrocarbon using bacteria  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

New protozoan derived microbial consortia and method for their isolation are provided. Consortia and bacteria isolated therefrom are useful for treating wastes such as trichloroethylene and trinitrotoluene. Consortia, bacteria isolated therefrom, and dispersants isolated therefrom are useful for dispersing hydrocarbons such as oil, creosote, wax, and grease.

Tyndall, Richard L. (Clinton, TN)

1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

164

Natural Conjugate Gradient on Complex Flag Manifolds for Complex Independent Subspace  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

conjugate gradient method yields better convergence compared to the natural gradient geodesic search method is the natural gradient geodesic search method (NGS), and the other is the natural conjugate gradient method (NCG the natural gradient or the Newton's method on complex manifolds, however, the behavior of the conjugate

Plumbley, Mark

165

Convergence and Rate of Convergence of A Manifold-Based Dimension Reduction Algorithm  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of a particular manifold- based learning algorithm: LTSA [12]. The main technical tool is the perturbation analysis on the linear invariant subspace that corresponds to the solution of LTSA. We derive the upper bound for errors under the worst case for LTSA; it naturally leads to a convergence result. We

Huo, Xiaoming

166

Type Master Thesis Title TV based image processing for manifold-valued data  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Type Master Thesis Title TV based image processing for manifold-valued data Advisor PROF. PHILIPP of a numerical array of real values (as e.g. in grey-value images) but rather of arrays (matrices) whose elements images, covariance matrices arising in radar observatory data, etc... The challenge is to extend

Grohs, Philipp

167

"Stable Prime Decompositions of Four-Manifolds" Matthias Kreck, Wolfgang Luck  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Mi with i = 1(Mi). Stably means that one allows additional connected sums with some copies of S2 ? S2 de- composition. Namely, M is oriented diffeomorphic to a connected sum n i=1Mi of oriented manifolds Mi which are prime, i.e. if Mi is diffeomorphic to Mi Mi , then Mi or Mi is oriented diffeomorphic

Lück, Wolfgang

168

Side branch absorber for exhaust manifold of two-stroke internal combustion engine  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A method of improving scavenging operation of a two-stroke internal combustion engine. The exhaust pressure of the engine is analyzed to determine if there is a pulsation frequency. Acoustic modeling is used to design an absorber. An appropriately designed side branch absorber may be attached to the exhaust manifold.

Harris, Ralph E. (San Antonio, TX); Broerman, III, Eugene L. (San Antonio, TX); Bourn, Gary D. (Laramie, WY)

2011-01-11T23:59:59.000Z

169

SHORT GEODESIC SEGMENTS BETWEEN TWO POINTS ON A CLOSED RIEMANNIAN MANIFOLD  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

SHORT GEODESIC SEGMENTS BETWEEN TWO POINTS ON A CLOSED RIEMANNIAN MANIFOLD Alexander Nabutovsky there exist at least k distinct geodesics of length at most 20k!d between these points for every positive that for any pair of points on a closed Riemannian man- ifold Mn there exist infinitely many geodesics

Nabutovsky, Alexander

170

IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON POWER SYSTEMS, CHEN, DENG AND HUO. 1 Electricity Price Curve Modeling by Manifold  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

markets. Index Terms-- Electricity spot price, locational marginal price, electricity forward curveIEEE TRANSACTIONS ON POWER SYSTEMS, CHEN, DENG AND HUO. 1 Electricity Price Curve Modeling and prediction of electricity price curves by applying the manifold learning methodology. Cluster analysis based

171

DEHN SURGERIES ON 2-BRIDGE LINKS WHICH YIELD REDUCIBLE 3-MANIFOLDS  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

) 1 = -w + u + 1 and 2 = -w + u - 1. (b) 1 = -w + u and 2 = -w + u. (2) w = 1, u = -2 and 1 = -1 and 2 -2 is a reducible 3-manifold if and only if it is one of the followings or its mirror image. (1) (a

Hachimori, Masahiro

172

Machine Learning for Seismic Signal Processing: Seismic Phase Classification on a Manifold  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Machine Learning for Seismic Signal Processing: Seismic Phase Classification on a Manifold Juan--In this research, we consider the supervised learning problem of seismic phase classification. In seismology, knowledge of the seismic activity arrival time and phase leads to epicenter localization and surface

Meyer, Francois

173

COMPRESSIVE VIDEO CLASSIFICATION IN A LOW-DIMENSIONAL MANIFOLD WITH LEARNED DISTANCE METRIC  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

COMPRESSIVE VIDEO CLASSIFICATION IN A LOW-DIMENSIONAL MANIFOLD WITH LEARNED DISTANCE METRIC George Tzagkarakis1 , Grigorios Tsagkatakis2 , Jean-Luc Starck1 and Panagiotis Tsakalides2 1 Commissariat `a l'´Energie of video classification based on a set of com- pressed features, without the need of accessing the original

Tsakalides, Panagiotis

174

A landscape of non-supersymmetric AdS vacua on coset manifolds  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We construct new families of non-supersymmetric sourceless type IIA AdS4 vacua on those coset manifolds that also admit supersymmetric solutions. We investigate the spectrum of left-invariant modes and find that most, but not all, of the vacua are stable under these fluctuations. Generically, there are also no massless moduli.

Paul Koerber; Simon Kors

2010-05-10T23:59:59.000Z

175

ESTIMATION OF EXHAUST MANIFOLD PRESSURE IN TURBOCHARGED GASOLINE ENGINES WITH VARIABLE VALVE TIMING  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

ESTIMATION OF EXHAUST MANIFOLD PRESSURE IN TURBOCHARGED GASOLINE ENGINES WITH VARIABLE VALVE TIMING in turbocharged gasoline engines with variable valve timing requires knowledge of exhaust mani- fold pressure, Pe control systems for gasoline engines rely heavily on feedforward air-fuel ratio (A/F) control to meet

Grizzle, Jessy W.

176

Water Pentamer: Characterization of the Torsional-Puckering Manifold by Terahertz VRT Spectroscopy  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Water Pentamer: Characterization of the Torsional-Puckering Manifold by Terahertz VRT Spectroscopy Heather A. Harker, Mark R. Viant, Frank N. Keutsch,§ Ernest A. Michael,| Ryan P. McLaughlin, and Richard J observation of this perturbation in the perdeuterated water pentamer, as well as the first observation

Cohen, Ronald C.

177

Oscillator or Segal-Shale-Weil representation Geometry: Associating the oscillator to symplectic manifolds  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

C -algebras Oscillator or Segal-Shale-Weil representation Geometry: Associating the oscillator or Segal-Shale-Weil representation Geometry: Associating the oscillator to symplectic manifolds Global and (x) = 0 implies x = 0 2 S. Krýsl #12;C -algebras Oscillator or Segal-Shale-Weil representation

Krysl, Svatopluk

178

Invariant Manifolds for the Station Keeping of Solar Sails Ariadna Farres, AJ  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Invariant Manifolds for the Station Keeping of Solar Sails Ariadna Farr´es, AJ Universitat de 2 / 45 inria-00585612,version1-14Apr2011 #12;Background What is a Solar Sail ? Solar Sails are a new concept of spacecraft propulsion that takes ad- vantage of the Solar radiation pressure to propel

Boyer, Edmond

179

Reversible chemisorption on highly dispersed Ru catalysts  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Hydrogen and carbon monoxide adsorptions have been studied by static gas volumetric measurement on a range of highly dispersed Y-zeolite-supported ruthenium catalysts prepared by ion exchange. At ambient temperature, the absorption isotherms indicated two distinct types of adsorption - reversible (composed of both physisorption and weak chemisorption) and irreversible (strongly chemisorbed). The catalysts were highly dispersed and had average particle diameters ranging from 0.9 to 1.6 nm. Reversible hydrogen chemisorption was found to be a function of average particle diameter and dispersion. On the other hand, reversible carbon monoxide chemisorption seemed to be mainly due to interaction with the support.

Yang, C.H.; Goodwin, J.G. Jr.

1982-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

180

Non-streaming high-efficiency perforated semiconductor neutron detectors, methods of making same and measuring wand and detector modules utilizing same  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

Non-streaming high-efficiency perforated semiconductor neutron detectors, method of making same and measuring wands and detector modules utilizing same are disclosed. The detectors have improved mechanical structure, flattened angular detector responses, and reduced leakage current. A plurality of such detectors can be assembled into imaging arrays, and can be used for neutron radiography, remote neutron sensing, cold neutron imaging, SNM monitoring, and various other applications.

McGregor, Douglas S. (Riley, KS); Shultis, John K. (Manhattan, KS); Rice, Blake B. (Manhattan, KS); McNeil, Walter J. (Winnfield, KS); Solomon, Clell J. (Wichita, KS); Patterson, Eric L. (Manhattan, KS); Bellinger, Steven L. (Manhattan, KS)

2010-12-21T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "dispersion manifolds perforated" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


181

Stability Of Nanoclusters In 14YWT Oxide Dispersion Strengthened...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Stability Of Nanoclusters In 14YWT Oxide Dispersion Strengthened Steel Under Heavy Ion-irradiation By Atom Probe Tomography. Stability Of Nanoclusters In 14YWT Oxide Dispersion...

182

Effect of the Ligand Shell Composition on the Dispersibility...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

the Ligand Shell Composition on the Dispersibility and Transport of Gold Nanocrystals in Near Critical Solvents. Effect of the Ligand Shell Composition on the Dispersibility and...

183

Atmospheric dispersion in mountain valleys and basins  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The primary goal of the research is to further characterize and understand dispersion in valley and basin atmospheres. A secondary, and related goal, is to identify and understand the dominant physical processes governing this dispersion. This has been accomplished through a review of the current literature, and analyses of recently collected data from two field experiments. This work should contribute to an improved understanding of material transport in the atmospheric boundary layer. It was found that dispersion in a freely draining valley (Brush Creek valley, CO) atmosphere is much greater than in an enclosed basin (Roanoke, VA) atmosphere primarily because of the greater wind speeds moving past the release point and the greater turbulence levels. The development of a cold air pool in the Roanoke basin is the dominant process governing nighttime dispersion in the basin, while the nighttime dispersion in the Brush Creek valley is dominated by turbulent diffusion and plume confinement between the valley sidewalls. The interaction between valley flows and above ridgetops flows is investigated. A ventilation rate'' of material transport between the valley and above ridgetop flows is determined. This is important in regional air pollution modeling and global climate modeling. A simple model of dispersion in valleys, applicable through a diurnal cycle, is proposed.

Allwine, K.J.

1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

184

Atmospheric dispersion in mountain valleys and basins  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The primary goal of the research is to further characterize and understand dispersion in valley and basin atmospheres. A secondary, and related goal, is to identify and understand the dominant physical processes governing this dispersion. This has been accomplished through a review of the current literature, and analyses of recently collected data from two field experiments. This work should contribute to an improved understanding of material transport in the atmospheric boundary layer. It was found that dispersion in a freely draining valley (Brush Creek valley, CO) atmosphere is much greater than in an enclosed basin (Roanoke, VA) atmosphere primarily because of the greater wind speeds moving past the release point and the greater turbulence levels. The development of a cold air pool in the Roanoke basin is the dominant process governing nighttime dispersion in the basin, while the nighttime dispersion in the Brush Creek valley is dominated by turbulent diffusion and plume confinement between the valley sidewalls. The interaction between valley flows and above ridgetops flows is investigated. A ``ventilation rate`` of material transport between the valley and above ridgetop flows is determined. This is important in regional air pollution modeling and global climate modeling. A simple model of dispersion in valleys, applicable through a diurnal cycle, is proposed.

Allwine, K.J.

1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

185

Detecting invariant manifolds, attractors, and generalized KAM tori in aperiodically forced mechanical systems  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We show how the recently developed theory of geodesic transport barriers for fluid flows can be used to uncover key invariant manifolds in externally forced, one-degree-of-freedom mechanical systems. Specifically, invariant sets in such systems turn out to be shadowed by least-stretching geodesics of the Cauchy-Green strain tensor computed from the flow map of the forced mechanical system. This approach enables the finite-time visualization of generalized stable and unstable manifolds, attractors and generalized KAM curves under arbitrary forcing, when Poincare maps are not available. We illustrate these results by detailed visualizations of the key finite-time invariant sets of conservatively and dissipatively forced Duffing oscillators.

Alireza Hadjighasem; Mohammad Farazmand; George Haller

2013-02-07T23:59:59.000Z

186

Bose-Einstein Condensation on a Manifold with Nonnegative Ricci Curvature  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The Bose-Einstein condensation for an ideal Bose gas and for a dilute weakly interacting Bose gas in a manifold with nonnegative Ricci curvature is investigated using the heat kernel and eigenvalue estimates of the Laplace operator. The main focus is on the nonrelativistic gas. However, special relativistic ideal gas is also discussed. The thermodynamic limit of the heat kernel and eigenvalue estimates is taken and the results are used to derive bounds for the depletion coefficient. In the case of a weakly interacting gas Bogoliubov approximation is employed. The ground state is analyzed using heat kernel methods and finite size effects on the ground state energy are proposed. The justification of the c-number substitution on a manifold is given.

Levent Akant; Emine Ertugrul; Ferzan Tapramaz; O. Teoman Turgut

2014-03-28T23:59:59.000Z

187

Infrared divergence of a scalar quantum field model on a pseudo Riemannian manifold  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A scalar quantum field model defined on a pseudo Riemann manifold is considered. The model is unitarily transformed the one with a variable mass. By means of a Feynman-Kac-type formula, it is shown that when the variable mass is short range, the Hamiltonian has no ground state. Moreover the infrared divergence of the expectation values of the number of bosons in the ground state is discussed.

C. Grard; F. Hiroshima; A. Panati; A. Suzuki

2011-03-18T23:59:59.000Z

188

Homogeneous Einstein Metrics on SU(n) Manifolds, Hoop Conjecture for Black Rings, and Ergoregions in Magnetised Black Hole Spacetimes  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

HOMOGENEOUS EINSTEIN METRICS ON SU(n) MANIFOLDS, HOOP CONJECTURE FOR BLACK RINGS, AND ERGOREGIONS IN MAGNETISED BLACK HOLE SPACETIMES A Dissertation by ABID HASAN MUJTABA Submitted to the O ce of Graduate Studies of Texas A&M University... Subject: Physics Copyright 2013 Abid Hasan Mujtaba ABSTRACT This Dissertation covers three aspects of General Relativity: inequivalent Einstein metrics on Lie Group Manifolds, proving the Hoop Conjecture for Black Rings, and investigating ergoregions...

Mujtaba, Abid Hasan

2013-01-09T23:59:59.000Z

189

Quantifying seed dispersal kernels from truncated seed-tracking data  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

have lower survival than those that disperse further away from conspecifics (Janzen 1970; Comita et al

Bermingham, Eldredge

190

Dispersive and diffusive-dispersive shock waves for nonconvex conservation laws  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We compare the structure of solutions of Riemann problems for a conservation law with nonconvex (specifically, cubic) flux, regularized by two different mechanisms: 1) dispersion (in the modified Korteweg--de Vries (mKdV) equation); and 2) a combination of diffusion and dispersion (in the mKdV-Burgers equation). In the first case, the possible dynamics involve two qualitatively different types of expanding dispersive shock waves (DSWs), rarefaction waves (RWs) and kinks (smooth fronts). In the second case, in addition to RWs, there are travelling wave solutions approximating both classical (Lax) and nonclassical (undercompressive) shock waves. Despite the singular nature of the zero-diffusion limit and rather differing analytical approaches employed in the descriptions of dispersive and diffusive-dispersive regularization, the resulting comparison of the two cases reveals a number of striking parallels. In particular the mKdV kink solution is identified as an undercompressive DSW. Other prominent features, su...

El, G A; Shearer, M

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

191

Ceramics containing dispersants for improved fracture toughness  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

The invention is a ceramic composition containing a new class of dispersant for hindering crack propagation by means of one or more energy-dissipative mechanisms. The composition is composed of a ceramic matrix with dispersed particles of a transformation-prone rare-earth niobate, tantalate or mixtures of these with each other and/or with a rare-earth vanadate. The dispersants, having a generic composition tRMO.sub.4, where R is a rare-earth element, B is Nb or Ta and O is oxygen, are mixed in powder form with a powder of the matrix ceramic and sintered to produce a ceramic form or body. The crack-hindering mechanisms operates to provide improved performance over a wide range of temperature and operating conditions.

Nevitt, Michael V. (Wheaton, IL); Aldred, Anthony T. (Wheaton, IL); Chan, Sai-Kit (Darien, IL)

1987-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

192

SOLVENT DISPERSION AND FLOW METER CALCULATION RESULTS  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Savannah River National Laboratory (SRNL) found that the dispersion numbers for the six combinations of CSSX:Next Generation Solvent (NGS) blend and pure NGS versus salt solution, caustic wash, and strip aqueous solutions are all good. The dispersion numbers are indications of processability with centrifugal contactors. A comparison of solvent physical and thermal properties shows that the Intek solvent flow meter in the plant has a reading biased high versus calibrated flow when NGS is used, versus the standard CSSX solvent. The flow meter, calibrated for CSSX solvent, is predicted to read 2.8 gpm of NGS in a case where the true flow of NGS is 2.16 gpm.

Nash, C.; Fondeur, F.; Peters, T.

2013-06-21T23:59:59.000Z

193

Nonlinear time-fractional dispersive equations  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In this paper we study some cases of time-fractional nonlinear dispersive equations (NDEs) involving Caputo derivatives, by means of the invariant subspace method. This method allows to find exact solutions to nonlinear time-fractional partial differential equations by separating variables. We first consider a third order time-fractional NDE that admits a four-dimensional invariant subspace and we find a similarity solution. We also study a fifth order NDE. In this last case we find a solution involving Mittag-Leffler functions. We finally observe that the invariant subspace method permits to find explicit solutions for a wide class of nonlinear dispersive time-fractional equations.

P. Artale Harris; R. Garra

2014-10-29T23:59:59.000Z

194

Casimir energy, dispersion, and the Lifshitz formula  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Despite suggestions to the contrary, we show in this paper that the usual dispersive form of the electromagnetic energy density must be used to derive the Lifshitz force between parallel dielectric media. This conclusion follows from the general form of the quantum vacuum energy, which is the basis of the multiple-scattering formalism. As an illustration, we explicitly derive the Lifshitz formula for the interaction between parallel dielectric semispaces, including dispersion, starting from the expression for the total energy of the system. The issues of constancy of the energy between parallel plates and of the observability of electrostrictive forces are briefly addressed.

Milton, Kimball A.; Wagner, Jef; Parashar, Prachi; Brevik, Iver [Oklahoma Center for High Energy Physics and Homer L. Dodge Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of Oklahoma, Norman, Oklahoma 73019-2061 (United States); Department of Energy and Process Engineering, Norwegian University of Science and Technology, N-7491 Trondheim (Norway)

2010-03-15T23:59:59.000Z

195

Method of dispersing particulate aerosol tracer  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A particulate aerosol tracer which comprises a particulate carrier of sheet silicate composition having a particle size up to one micron, and a cationic dopant chemically absorbed in solid solution in the carrier. The carrier is preferably selected from the group consisting of natural mineral clays such as bentonite, and the dopant is selected from the group consisting of rare earth elements and transition elements. The tracers are dispersed by forming an aqueous salt solution with the dopant present as cations, dispersing the carriers in the solution, and then atomizing the solution under heat sufficient to superheat the solution droplets at a level sufficient to prevent reagglomeration of the carrier particles.

O'Holleran, Thomas P. (Belleville, MI)

1988-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

196

Fuel cell system including a unit for electrical isolation of a fuel cell stack from a manifold assembly and method therefor  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A fuel cell system with improved electrical isolation having a fuel cell stack with a positive potential end and a negative potential, a manifold for use in coupling gases to and from a face of the fuel cell stack, an electrical isolating assembly for electrically isolating the manifold from the stack, and a unit for adjusting an electrical potential of the manifold such as to impede the flow of electrolyte from the stack across the isolating assembly.

Kelley; Dana A. (New Milford, CT), Farooque; Mohammad (Danbury, CT), Davis; Keith (Southbury, CT)

2007-10-02T23:59:59.000Z

197

Localized overlap algorithm for unexpanded dispersion energies  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

First-principles-based, linearly scaling algorithm has been developed for calculations of dispersion energies from frequency-dependent density susceptibility (FDDS) functions with account of charge-overlap effects. The transition densities in FDDSs are fitted by a set of auxiliary atom-centered functions. The terms in the dispersion energy expression involving products of such functions are computed using either the unexpanded (exact) formula or from inexpensive asymptotic expansions, depending on the location of these functions relative to the dimer configuration. This approach leads to significant savings of computational resources. In particular, for a dimer consisting of two elongated monomers with 81 atoms each in a head-to-head configuration, the most favorable case for our algorithm, a 43-fold speedup has been achieved while the approximate dispersion energy differs by less than 1% from that computed using the standard unexpanded approach. In contrast, the dispersion energy computed from the distributed asymptotic expansion differs by dozens of percent in the van der Waals minimum region. A further increase of the size of each monomer would result in only small increased costs since all the additional terms would be computed from the asymptotic expansion.

Rob, Fazle; Szalewicz, Krzysztof [Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of Delaware, Newark, Delaware 19716 (United States)] [Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of Delaware, Newark, Delaware 19716 (United States); Misquitta, Alston J. [School of Physics and Astronomy, Queen Mary, University of London, London E1 4NS (United Kingdom)] [School of Physics and Astronomy, Queen Mary, University of London, London E1 4NS (United Kingdom); Podeszwa, Rafa? [Institute of Chemistry, University of Silesia, Szkolna 9, 40-006 Katowice (Poland)] [Institute of Chemistry, University of Silesia, Szkolna 9, 40-006 Katowice (Poland)

2014-03-21T23:59:59.000Z

198

Study of Pollutant Dispersion in Urban Environments  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

power plant using coal releases great amounts of harmful gases to produce the electric energy head: Study of pollutant dispersion in urban environments #12;Abstract Computational simulations can mechanics with the use of computer models and simulations. In this study the simulations of the complex

Allen, Gabrielle

199

A GIS-based atmospheric dispersion model  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

pollution due to the use of agricultural pesticide is a major concern to- day, regarding both public health dispersion and to propose an useful air pollution prediction tool, using fluid mechanics equations and open un outil de prediction de la pollution de l'air . Ce travail concerne la modélisation de la dérive

Boyer, Edmond

200

Test results of a ceramic-based carbon monoxide sensor in the automotive exhaust manifold  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A prototype CO sensor based on the anatase phase of TiO{sub 2} was fabricated and tested in a Ford V6 engine. Fuel combustion was programmed to be near stoichiometric conditions, and emissions were monitored with an FT-IR analytical instrument. The sensor, positioned near the oxygen sensor in the exhaust manifold, was successfully tested for 50 cycles of revving and idling, and was observed to respond quickly and reproducibly. The sensor response was correlated to the CO concentration at specific engine temperatures and was found to vary systematically with increasing concentrations. The results are promising and the sensor shows potentials to monitor the efficiency of the catalytic converter.

Azad, A.M.; Younkman, L.B.; Akbar, S.A. [Ohio State Univ., Columbus, OH (United States)

1996-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "dispersion manifolds perforated" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


201

Smith theory, L2 cohomology, isometries of locally symmetric manifolds and moduli spaces of curves  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We investigate periodic diffeomorphisms of non-compact aspherical manifolds (and orbifolds) and describe a class of spaces that have no homotopically trivial periodic diffeomorphisms. Prominent examples are moduli spaces of curves and aspherical locally symmetric spaces with non-vanishing Euler characteristic. In the irreducible locally symmetric case, we show that no complete metric has more symmetry than the locally symmetric metric. In the moduli space case, we build on work of Farb and Weinberger and prove an analogue of Royden's theorem for complete finite volume metrics.

Avramidi, Grigori

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

202

Comments on the Unification of Electromagnetism and Gravitation through "Generalized Einstein manifolds"  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

H. Akbar-Zadeh has recently proposed (J Geom Phys 17 (1995) 342) a new geometric formulation of Einstein-Maxwell system with source in terms of what are called "Generalized Einstein manifolds". We show that, contrary to the claim, Maxwell equations have not been derived in this formulation and that, the assumed equations can be identified only as source-free Maxwell equations in the proposed geometric set up. A genuine derivation of source-free Maxwell equations is presented within the same framework. We draw a conclusion that the proposed unification scheme can pertain only to source-free situations.

M. Panahi; M. Mehrafarin

1998-01-19T23:59:59.000Z

203

SO(10) Grand Unification in M theory on a G2 manifold  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We consider Grand Unified Theories based on $SO(10)$ which originate from string/$M$ theory on $G_2$ manifolds or Calabi-Yau spaces with discrete symmetries. In this framework we are naturally led to a novel solution of the doublet-triplet splitting problem previously considered by Dvali which involves an extra vector-like Standard Model family and light, but weakly coupled colour triplets. These additional states are predicted to be accessible at the LHC and also induce R-parity violation. Gauge coupling unification occurs with a larger GUT coupling.

Acharya, Bobby S; Romao, Miguel Crispim; King, Stephen F; Pongkitivanichkul, Chakrit

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

204

Optical manifold  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

Optical systems are described that have at least one source of a beam of blue light with divergence under 15.degree.. A phosphor emits yellow light when excited by the blue light. A collimator is disposed with the phosphor and forms a yellow beam with divergence under 15.degree.. A dichroic filter is positioned to transmit the beam of blue light to the phosphor and to reflect the beam of yellow light to an exit aperture. In different embodiments, the beams of blue and yellow light are incident upon said filter with central angles of 15.degree., 22.degree., and 45.degree.. The filter may reflect all of one polarization and part of the other polarization, and a polarization rotating retroreflector may then be provided to return the unreflected light to the filter.

Falicoff, Waqidi; Chaves, Julio C.; Minano, Juan Carlos; Benitez, Pablo; Dross, Oliver; Parkyn, Jr., William A.

2010-02-23T23:59:59.000Z

205

Geographic dispersion in teams : its history, experience, measurement, and change  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This thesis begins with the simple argument that geographic dispersion has gone surprisingly unexamined despite its role as the domain-defining construct for geographically dispersed teams (a.k.a. "virtual teams"). The ...

O'Leary, Michael Boyer, 1969-

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

206

Thermal boundary layer development in dispersed flow film boiling  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Dispersed flow film boiling consists of a dispersion of droplets which are carried over a very hot surface by their vapor. This process occurs in cryogenic equipment and wet steam turbines. It is also of interest in the ...

Hull, Lawrence M.

1982-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

207

Dryout droplet distribution and dispersed flow film boiling  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Dispersed flow film boiling is characterized by liquid-phase droplets entrained in a continuous vapor-phase flow. In a previous work at MIT, a model of dispersed flow heat transfer was developed, called the Local Conditions ...

Hill, Wayne S.

1982-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

208

Particulate dispersion apparatus for the validation of plume models  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

improved sampling equipment and provide a reliable, reproducible basis for experimental validation of predictions from plume dispersion models. The device constructed and demonstrated in this project is a controllable point source able to disperse dry...

Bala, William D

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

209

On the reduction of oxygen from dispersed media  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The reduction of oxygen from an organic phase dispersed in a concentrated electrolyte is investigated. Dispersed organic phases are used to enhance oxygen transport in fermenters and artificial blood substitutes. This work ...

Roushdy, Omar H., 1977-

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

210

Paper Number -1-Simulation model of dispersions in turning process  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Paper Number -1- Simulation model of dispersions in turning process Wolff Valery 1, Lefebvre Arnaud. In this paper, an extent of the simulation model of dispersions in turning process first exposed in [W1

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

211

air pollution dispersal: Topics by E-print Network  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 Next Page Last Page Topic Index 1 Environmental Pollution Air Pollution Dispersion Practical Air Pollution Dispersion Geosciences Websites Summary:...

212

Quantum ratchet transport with minimal dispersion rate  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We analyze the performance of quantum ratchets by considering the dynamics of an initially localized wave packet loaded into a flashing periodic potential. The directed center-of-mass motion can be initiated by the uniform modulation of the potential height, provided that the modulation protocol breaks all relevant time- and spatial reflection symmetries. A poor performance of quantum ratchet transport is characterized by a slow net motion and a fast diffusive spreading of the wave packet, while the desirable optimal performance is the contrary. By invoking a quantum analog of the classical P\\'eclet number, namely the quotient of the group velocity and the dispersion of the propagating wave packet, we calibrate the transport properties of flashing quantum ratchets and discuss the mechanisms that yield low-dispersive directed transport.

Zhan, Fei; Ponomarev, A V; Hnggi, P

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

213

Quantum ratchet transport with minimal dispersion rate  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We analyze the performance of quantum ratchets by considering the dynamics of an initially localized wave packet loaded into a flashing periodic potential. The directed center-of-mass motion can be initiated by the uniform modulation of the potential height, provided that the modulation protocol breaks all relevant time- and spatial reflection symmetries. A poor performance of quantum ratchet transport is characterized by a slow net motion and a fast diffusive spreading of the wave packet, while the desirable optimal performance is the contrary. By invoking a quantum analog of the classical P\\'eclet number, namely the quotient of the group velocity and the dispersion of the propagating wave packet, we calibrate the transport properties of flashing quantum ratchets and discuss the mechanisms that yield low-dispersive directed transport.

Fei Zhan; S. Denisov; A. V. Ponomarev; P. Hnggi

2011-10-11T23:59:59.000Z

214

Dispersion-free radial transmission lines  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A dispersion-free radial transmission line ("DFRTL") preferably for linear accelerators, having two plane conductors each with a central hole, and an electromagnetically permeable material ("EPM") between the two conductors and surrounding a channel connecting the two holes. At least one of the material parameters of relative magnetic permeability, relative dielectric permittivity, and axial width of the EPM is varied as a function of radius, so that the characteristic impedance of the DFRTL is held substantially constant, and pulse transmission therethrough is substantially dispersion-free. Preferably, the EPM is divided into concentric radial sections, with the varied material parameters held constant in each respective section but stepwise varied between sections as a step function of the radius. The radial widths of the concentric sections are selected so that pulse traversal time across each section is the same, and the varied material parameters of the concentric sections are selected to minimize traversal error.

Caporaso, George J. (Livermore, CA); Nelson, Scott D. (Patterson, CA)

2011-04-12T23:59:59.000Z

215

Perforation patterned electrical interconnects  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

This disclosure describes systems and methods for increasing the usable surface area of electrical contacts within a device, such as a thin film solid state device, through the implementation of electrically conductive interconnects. Embodiments described herein include the use of a plurality of electrically conductive interconnects that penetrate through a top contact layer, through one or more multiple layers, and into a bottom contact layer. The plurality of conductive interconnects may form horizontal and vertical cross-sectional patterns. The use of lasers to form the plurality of electrically conductive interconnects from reflowed layer material further aids in the manufacturing process of a device.

Frey, Jonathan

2014-01-28T23:59:59.000Z

216

Computation of seismic attenuation and dispersion due to ...  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Jun 23, 2006 ... Seismic attenuation and dispersion are numerically computed for synthetic porous materials that contain arbitrary amounts of mesoscopic-.

masson@localhost.localdomain (masson)

2006-07-08T23:59:59.000Z

217

Rovibrational dynamics of the strontium molecule in the A1u+, c3u, and a3u+ manifold from state-of-the-art ab initio calculations  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Rovibrational dynamics of the strontium molecule in the A1u+, c3u, and a3u+ manifold from state OF CHEMICAL PHYSICS 136, 194306 (2012) Rovibrational dynamics of the strontium molecule in the A 1 + u , c3 u for the electronic states in the A 1 + u , c3 u, and a 3 + u manifold of the strontium dimer, the spin

Koch, Christiane

218

Dispersants Forum: Gulf of Mexico Oil Spill & Ecosystem Science  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Dispersants Forum: Gulf of Mexico Oil Spill & Ecosystem Science Conference What have we & Restoration, Gulf of Mexico Disaster Response Center 2.3. Characterizing Dispersant and Dispersed Oil Effects The content for this workshop was developed in cooperation with the Gulf of Mexico Research Initiative (Go

New Hampshire, University of

219

Quantitative characterization of the water trimer torsional manifold by terahertz laser spectroscopy and theoretical analysis. II. ,,H2O...3  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Quantitative characterization of the water trimer torsional manifold by terahertz laserLaughlin,c) Christy J. Keoshian, Ernest Michael, Jeff D. Cruzan,d) and Richard J. Saykallye) Department of Chemistry, University of California, Berkeley, California 94720 Ad van der Avoirdf) Institute of Theoretical Chemistry

Cohen, Ronald C.

220

Resume of definitions of "tangent vector" Let M be a manifold, m M, and X = (X1  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Resum´e of definitions of "tangent vector" Let M be a manifold, m M, and X = (X1 , · · ·Xd ) : U Joel Feldman. 2008. All rights reserved. September 30, 2008 Resum´e of definitions of "tangent vector rights reserved. September 30, 2008 Resum´e of definitions of "tangent vector" 2 #12;

Feldman, Joel

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "dispersion manifolds perforated" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


221

Manifold, bus support and coupling arrangement for solid oxide fuel cells  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

Individual, tubular solid oxide fuel cells (SOFCs) are assembled into bundles called a module within a housing, with a plurality of modules arranged end-to-end in a linear, stacked configuration called a string. A common set of piping comprised of a suitable high temperature resistant material (1) provides fuel and air to each module housing, (2) serves as electrically conducting buses, and (3) provides structural support for a string of SOFC modules. Ceramic collars are used to connect fuel and air inlet piping to each of the electrodes in an SOFC module and provide (1) electrical insulation for the current carrying bus bars and gas manifolds, (2) damping for the fuel and air inlet piping, and (3) proper spacing between the fuel and air inlet piping to prevent contact between these tubes and possible damage to the SOFC. 11 figs.

Parry, G.W.

1988-04-21T23:59:59.000Z

222

Symmetries of the Energy-Momentum Tensor of Spherically Symmetric Lorentzian Manifolds  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Matter collineations of spherically Symmetric Lorentzian Manifolds are considered. These are investigated when the energy-momentum tensor is non-degenerate and also when it is degenerate. We have classified spacetimes admitting higher symmetries and spacetimes admitting SO(3) as the maximal isometry group. For the non-degenerate case, we obtain either {\\it four}, {\\it six}, {\\it seven} or {\\it ten} independent matter collineations in which {\\it four} are isometries and the rest are proper. The results of the previous paper [1] are recovered as a special case. It is worth noting that we have also obtained two cases where the energy-momentum tensor is degenerate but the group of matter collineations is finite-dimensional, i.e. {\\it four} or {\\it ten}.

M. Sharif

2003-07-29T23:59:59.000Z

223

Solid oxide fuel cell having monolithic cross flow core and manifolding  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

This invention discloses a monolithic core construction having the flow passageways for the fuel and for the oxidant gases extended transverse to one another, whereby full face core manifolding can be achieved for these gases and their reaction products. The core construction provides that only anode material surround each fuel passageway and only cathode material surround each oxidant passageway, each anode and each cathode further sandwiching at spaced opposing sides electrolyte and interconnect materials to define electrolyte and interconnect walls. Webs of the cathode and anode material hold the electrolyte and interconnect walls spaced apart to define the flow passages. The composite anode and cathode wall structures are further alternately stacked on one another (with the separating electrolyte or interconnect material typically being a single common layer) whereby the fuel passageway and the oxidant passageways are disposed transverse to one another.

Poeppel, Roger B. (Glen Ellyn, IL); Dusek, Joseph T. (Downers Grove, IL)

1984-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

224

Solid electrolytes strengthened by metal dispersions  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

An improvement in solid electrolytes of advanced secondary batteries of the sodium-sulfur, sodium-halogen, and like combinations is achieved by providing said battery with a cermet electrolyte containing a metal dispersion ranging from 0.1 to 10.0 vol. % of a substantially nonreactive metal selected from the group consisting essentially of Pt, Cr, Fe, Co, Ni, Nb, their alloys, and their physical mixtures in the elemental or uncombined state, the remainder of said cermet being an ion-conductive ceramic material.

Lauf, R.J.; Morgan, C.S.

1981-10-05T23:59:59.000Z

225

Solid electrolytes strengthened by metal dispersions  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

An improvement in solid electrolytes of advanced secondary batteries of the sodium-sulfur, sodium-halogen, and like combinations is achieved by providing said battery with a cermet electrolyte containing a metal dispersion ranging from 0.1 to 10.0 vol. % of a substantially nonreactive metal selected from the group consisting essentially of Pt, Cr, Fe, Co, Ni, Nb, their alloys, and their physical mixtures in the elemental or uncombined state, the remainder of said cermet being an ion-conductive ceramic material.

Lauf, Robert J. (Oak Ridge, TN); Morgan, Chester S. (Oak Ridge, TN)

1983-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

226

Non-Dispersive, Accelerated Matter-Waves  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

It is shown that under certain dynamical conditions a material wave packet displays coherent, non-dispersive accelerated evolution in gravitational field over a modulated atomic mirror. The phenomenon takes place as a consequence of simultaneous presence of the dynamical localization and the coherent Fermi acceleration for the same modulation amplitude. It is purely a quantum mechanical effect as the windows of modulation strengths supporting dynamical localization and Fermi acceleration overlap for larger effective Plank constant. Present day experimental techniques make it feasible to realize the system in laboratory.

Farhan Saif; Khalid Naseer; Muhammad Ayub

2014-06-22T23:59:59.000Z

227

Fate of commercial disperse dyes in sediments  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Kinetics of disappearance of seven different disperse dyes were determined in compacted sediments at room temperature. The commercial dyes (in dispersed solid form) were representative of nitroazo, anthraquinone, and quinoline structures that are widely used. Reaction rates were found to be first order over at least two half-lives and were different for the three groups of dyes. Half-lives were on the order of hours, days and months for the nitroazobenzene, aminoanthraquinone, and quinoline dyes, respectively. Stability of the latter is consistent with detection of a quinoline dye in treatment plant sludge and in sediment from a water body receiving treated effluent. The azobenzene dyes are degraded by cleavage of the azo group to give anilines and ring-substituted phenylenediamines from the diazo component of the molecule. Products from the other portion (coupling component) of the molecule are unidentified, as yet, but are expected to be N,N-disubstituted phenylenediamines. Products of the anthraquinone dyes were unidentified, except for the case of a nitrated dye on which the nitro group was reduced.

Yen, C.P.C.; Perenich, T.A.; Baughman, G.L.

1991-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

228

Evaluation of machining dispersions for turning process  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In this article we propose to extend the model of simulation of dispersions in turning based on the geometrical specifications. Our study is articulated around two trends of development: the first trend relates to the geometrical model. The geometrical model suggested must allow a follow-up of the geometry of the part during the simulation of machining. It is thus a question of carrying out a systematic treatment of the whole dimensioning and tolerancing process while being based on the principles of the \\DeltaL method. We also planned to integrate this type of specification in the model of simulation of machining suggested. It is more generally a question of extending the traditional model for better taking into account the multi axis specification of coaxiality and perpendicularity on the turned workpieces. The second trend of our study relates to the widening of the field of application of the model. We propose to extend the field of application of the model by taking into account the modifications of several parameters of the manufacturing process plans, likely to involve variations of dispersions.

Arnaud Lefebvre; Valery Wolff

2008-03-03T23:59:59.000Z

229

Hyper dispersion pulse compressor for chirped pulse amplification systems  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A grating pulse compressor configuration is introduced for increasing the optical dispersion for a given footprint and to make practical the application for chirped pulse amplification (CPA) to quasi-narrow bandwidth materials, such as Nd:YAG. The grating configurations often use cascaded pairs of gratings to increase angular dispersion an order of magnitude or more. Increased angular dispersion allows for decreased grating separation and a smaller compressor footprint.

Barty, Christopher P. J. (Hayward, CA)

2011-11-29T23:59:59.000Z

230

Method for dispersing catalyst onto particulate material  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A method for dispersing finely divided catalyst precursors onto the surface of coal or other particulate material includes the steps of forming a wet paste mixture of the particulate material and a liquid solution containing a dissolved transition metal salt, for instance a solution of ferric nitrate. The wet paste mixture is in a state of incipient wetness with all of this solution adsorbed onto the surfaces of the particulate material without the presence of free moisture. On adding a precipitating agent such as ammonia, a catalyst precursor such as hydrated iron oxide is deposited on the surfaces of the coal. The catalyst is activated by converting it to the sulfide form for the hydrogenation or direct liquefaction of the coal.

Utz, Bruce R. (Pittsburgh, PA); Cugini, Anthony V. (Pittsburgh, PA)

1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

231

Electromagnetic waves with nonlinear dispersion law  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Last year physicists in Europe have measured the velocity of the neutrinos particles. They found the neutrinos moving faster than the speed of light in vacuum. This result means that Einstein's relativity principle and its consequences in modern physics need a global additional renovation. In present paper the part of this problem is considered in terms of basic Maxwell's method only. By means of introduction a diffusion like displacement current the new super wave equation was derived, which permits of its solution be described the electromagnetic waves moving some faster than the conventional speed of light in vacuum especially in a gamma ray of a very short wave length region. The unique properties of these waves are that they undergo nonlinear dispersion law, uppermost limit of which is restricted. Discussion of further experimental problems and a number of estimations are given for the macro physic super wave equations also.

Pavel Mednis

2012-02-08T23:59:59.000Z

232

Dispersion compensation in chirped pulse amplification systems  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A chirped pulse amplification system includes a laser source providing an input laser pulse along an optical path. The input laser pulse is characterized by a first temporal duration. The system also includes a multi-pass pulse stretcher disposed along the optical path. The multi-pass pulse stretcher includes a first set of mirrors operable to receive input light in a first plane and output light in a second plane parallel to the first plane and a first diffraction grating. The pulse stretcher also includes a second set of mirrors operable to receive light diffracted from the first diffraction grating and a second diffraction grating. The pulse stretcher further includes a reflective element operable to reflect light diffracted from the second diffraction grating. The system further includes an amplifier, a pulse compressor, and a passive dispersion compensator disposed along the optical path.

Bayramian, Andrew James; Molander, William A.

2014-07-15T23:59:59.000Z

233

atmospheric dispersion coefficient: Topics by E-print Network  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

the earth surface. In general, the atmospheric motion is driven by the intense solar energy arriving at the equator 3 A GIS-based atmospheric dispersion model Computer...

234

atmospheric dispersion calculations: Topics by E-print Network  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

the earth surface. In general, the atmospheric motion is driven by the intense solar energy arriving at the equator 4 A GIS-based atmospheric dispersion model Computer...

235

atmospheric dispersion experiment: Topics by E-print Network  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

the earth surface. In general, the atmospheric motion is driven by the intense solar energy arriving at the equator 2 A GIS-based atmospheric dispersion model Computer...

236

Supercontinuum generation in photonic crystal fibres: Modelling and dispersion engineering  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Supercontinuum generation in photonic crystal fibres: Modelling and dispersion engineering . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 22 2.4 The split-step Fourier method . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 25 #12;iv CONTENTS 2

237

Update 1 to: A Dispersion Modeling Analysis of Downwash from...  

Energy Savers [EERE]

Analysis of Downwash from Mirant's Potomac River Power Plant, Modeling Unit 1 Emissions in a Cycling Mode Update 1 to: A Dispersion Modeling Analysis of Downwash from...

238

Update 4 to: A Dispersion Modeling Analysis of Downwash from...  

Energy Savers [EERE]

Analysis of Downwash from Mirant's Potomac River Power Plant, Modeling Unit 4 Emissions at Maximum and Minimum Loads Update 4 to: A Dispersion Modeling Analysis of Downwash...

239

Confined Zone Dispersion Project: A DOE assessment  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The goal of the US Department of Energy (DOE) Clean Coal Technology (CCT) program is to furnish the energy marketplace with a number of advanced, more efficient, and environmentally responsible coal utilization technologies through demonstration projects. These projects seek to establish the commercial feasibility of the most promising advanced coal technologies that have developed beyond the proof-of-concept (POC) stage. This document serves as a DOE post-project assessment of the Confined Zone Dispersion Project in CCT Round 3. In 1990, Bechtel Corporation entered into a cooperative agreement to conduct the demonstration project. The Seward Power Station of Pennsylvania Electric Company (now GPU Genco) was the host site. DOE funded 43 percent of the total project cost of $12,173,000. The project was started in June 1990 and was scheduled to be completed in June 1993. As a result of various operating problems, the schedule was extended into 1994 without additional cost to DOE. Bechtel provided the additional financing and GPU Genco provided electricity, steam, and water to operate the unit. The independent evaluation contained herein is based primarily on information from Bechtel's final technical report (1994) as well as other references cited. Confined Zone Dispersion (CZD) is a flue gas desulfurization (FGD) process that removes sulfur dioxide (SO{sub 2}). A finely atomized slurry of reactive lime, calcium hydroxide or Ca(OH){sub 2} is injected into the flue-gas duct work, between the air preheater and the second-stage ESP. The lime reacts with the SO{sub 2}, forming dry solid reaction products. The downstream ESP captures the 2 reaction products along with the fly ash entrained in the flue gas. The CZD process was demonstrated on Unit 5, a 147-MWe utility unit with two flue gas ducts. One of the ducts was extended to provide the requisite residence time and retrofitted with the CZD lime injection equipment.

NONE

1999-11-30T23:59:59.000Z

240

Exact solution for the degenerate ground-state manifold of a strongly interacting one-dimensional Bose-Fermi mixture  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We present the exact solution for the many-body wavefunction of a one-dimensional mixture of bosons and spin-polarized fermions with equal masses and infinitely strong repulsive interactions under external confinement. Such a model displays a large degeneracy of the ground state. Using a generalized Bose-Fermi mapping, we find the solution for the whole set of ground-state wave functions of the degenerate manifold and we characterize them according to group-symmetry considerations. We find that the density profile and the momentum distribution depends on the symmetry of the solution. By combining the wave functions of the degenerate manifold with suitable symmetry and guided by the strong-coupling form of the Bethe-Ansatz solution for the homogeneous system, we propose an analytic expression for the many-body wave function of the inhomogeneous system which well describes the ground state at finite, large, and equal interaction strengths, as validated by numerical simulations.

Fang, Bess [Department of Physics, Block S12, Faculty of Science, National University of Singapore, 2 Science Drive 3, Singapore 117542 (Singapore); Centre for Quantum Technologies, National University of Singapore, 3 Science Drive 2, Singapore 117543 (Singapore); Vignolo, Patrizia; Gattobigio, Mario [Universite de Nice-Sophia Antipolis, Institut Non Lineaire de Nice, CNRS, 1361 route des Lucioles, F-06560 Valbonne (France); Miniatura, Christian [Department of Physics, Block S12, Faculty of Science, National University of Singapore, 2 Science Drive 3, Singapore 117542 (Singapore); Centre for Quantum Technologies, National University of Singapore, 3 Science Drive 2, Singapore 117543 (Singapore); Universite de Nice-Sophia Antipolis, Institut Non Lineaire de Nice, CNRS, 1361 route des Lucioles, F-06560 Valbonne (France); Minguzzi, Anna [Universite Grenoble 1, CNRS, LPMMC, UMR5493, Maison des Magisteres, F-38042 Grenoble (France)

2011-08-15T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "dispersion manifolds perforated" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


241

Invariance properties of boundary sets of open embeddings of manifolds and their application to the abstract boundary  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The {\\em abstract boundary\\/} (or {\\em {\\em a\\/}-boundary\\/}) of Scott and Szekeres \\cite{Scott94} constitutes a ``boundary'' to any $n$-dimensional, paracompact, connected, Hausdorff, $C^\\infty$-manifold (without a boundary in the usual sense). In general relativity one deals with a {\\em space-% time\\/} $(\\cM,g)$ (a 4-dimensional manifold $\\cM$ with a Lorentzian metric $g$), together with a chosen preferred class of curves in $\\cM$. In this case the {\\em a\\/}-boundary points may represent ``singularities'' or ``points at infinity''. Since the {\\em a\\/}-boundary itself, however, does not depend on the existence of further structure on the manifold such as a Lorentzian metric or connection, it is possible for it to be used in many contexts. In this paper we develop some purely topological properties of abstract boundary sets and abstract boundary points ({\\em a\\/}-boundary points). We prove, amongst other things, that compactness is invariant under boundary set equivalence, and introduce another invariant concept ({\\em isolation\\/}), which encapsulates the notion that a boundary set is ``separated'' from other boundary points of the same embedding. ....... [The abstract continues in paper proper - truncated to fit here.

Christopher J. Fama; Susan M. Scott

1994-06-21T23:59:59.000Z

242

Manifold, bus support and coupling arrangement for solid oxide fuel cells  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

Individual, tubular solid oxide fuel cells (SOFCs) are assembled into bundles called a module within a housing, with a plurality of modules arranged end-to-end in a linear, stacked configuration called a string. A common set of piping comprised of a suitable high temperture resistant material (1) provides fuel and air to each module housing, (2) serves as electrically conducting buses, and (3) provides structural support for a string of SOFC modules. The piping thus forms a manfold for directing fuel and air to each module in a string and makes electrical contact with the module's anode and cathode to conduct the DC power generated by the SOFC. The piping also provides structureal support for each individual module and maintains each string of modules as a structurally integral unit for ensuring high strength in a large 3-dimensional array of SOFC modules. Ceramic collars are used to connect fuel and air inlet piping to each of the electrodes in an SOFC module and provide (1) electrical insulation for the current carrying bus bars and gas manifolds, (2) damping for the fuel and air inlet piping, and (3) proper spacing between the fuel and air inlet piping to prevent contact between these tubes and possible damage to the SOFC.

Parry, Gareth W. (East Windsor, CT)

1989-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

243

Classifying spaces for homogeneous manifolds and their related Lie isometry deformations  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Among plenty of applications, low-dimensional homogeneous spaces appear in cosmological models as both, classical factor spaces of multidimensional geometry and minisuperspaces in canonical quantization. Here a new tool to restrict their continuous deformations is presented: Classifying spaces for homogeneous manifolds and their related Lie isometry deformations. The adjoint representation of n-dimensional real Lie algebras induces a natural topology on their classifying space, which encodes the natural algebraic relationship between different Lie algebras therein. For n>1 this topology is not Hausdorffian. Even more it satisfies only the separation axiom T_0, but not T_1, i.e. there is a constant sequence which has a limit different from the members of the sequence. Such a limit is called a transition. Recently it was found that transitions are the natural generalization and transitive completion of the well-known In\\"on\\"u-Wigner contractions. For n<5 the relational classifying spaces are constructed explicitly. Calculating their characteristic scalar invariants via triad representations of the characteristic isometry, local homogeneous Riemannian 3-spaces are classified in their natural geometrical relations to each other. Their classifying space is a composition of pieces with different isometry types. Although it is Hausdorffian, different topological transitions to the same limit may induce locally non-Euclidean regions (e.g. at Bianchi tppes VII_0).

M. Rainer

1996-02-28T23:59:59.000Z

244

Demonstration of Electrical Dispersion Compensation of Single Sideband Optical Transmission  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Demonstration of Electrical Dispersion Compensation of Single Sideband Optical Transmission P. M describe a demonstration of electrical chromatic dispersion compensation of 10 Gb/s single sideband optical signals. Eye-opening and bit error rates of less than 10-10 were achieved after compensation of -2040 ps

Haddadi, Hamed

245

Phonon dispersion of carbon nanotubes J. Maultzscha,*, S. Reicha  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Phonon dispersion of carbon nanotubes J. Maultzscha,*, S. Reicha , C. Thomsena , E. Dobardz the phonon dispersion relations of single-wall carbon nanotubes calculated within a force-constants approach 6 and 12 cm21 independent of the tube diameter. The order of the high-energy modes at the G

Nabben, Reinhard

246

FINITE VOLUME SCHEMES FOR DISPERSIVE WAVE PROPAGATION AND RUNUP  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

FINITE VOLUME SCHEMES FOR DISPERSIVE WAVE PROPAGATION AND RUNUP DENYS DUTYKH , THEODOROS KATSAOUNIS to bidirectional nonlinear, dispersive wave propagation in one space dimension. Special emphasis is given require the computation of the wave generation [DD07, KDD07], propagation [TG97], interaction with solid

Boyer, Edmond

247

Confined zone dispersion flue gas desulfurization demonstration  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Under the Cooperative Agreement with DOE, Bechtel and Pennsylvania Electric Company (Penelec) will jointly demonstrate Bechtel's confined zone dispersion (CZD) process for removing both sulfur and nitrogen pollutants from the flue gases leaving a coal-fired boiler. Demonstration testing of the CZD process will be conducted on the 147 MWe coal-fired generating Seward Station Unit 15 of Penelec. The test will utilize one-half of the existing flue gas capacity, and will be designed to demonstrate the viability of the process and its operability at a total cost of less than $300/ton of SO{sub 2} removed. The CZD process involves injecting a finely atomized slurry of reactive lime into the duct work of a coal-fired utility boiler. The principle of the confined zone is to form a wet zone of slurry droplets in the middle of the duct confined in an envelope of hot gas between the wet zone and the duct walls. The lime slurry reacts with part of the sulfur dioxide (SO{sub 2}) in the gas, and the reaction products dry to form solid particles. An electrostatic precipitator (ESP) downstream from the point of injection captures the reaction products, along with the fly ash entrained in the flue gas. 2 figs.

Not Available

1991-02-22T23:59:59.000Z

248

Two-point derivative dispersion relations  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A new derivation is given for the representation, under certain conditions, of the integral dispersion relations of scattering theory through local forms. The resulting expressions have been obtained through an independent procedure to construct the real part, and consist of new mathematical structures of double infinite summations of derivatives. In this new form the derivatives are calculated at the generic value of the energy $E$ and separately at the reference point $E=m$ that is the lower limit of the integration. This new form may be more interesting in certain circumstances and directly shows the origin of the difficulties in convergence that were present in the old truncated forms called standard-DDR. For all cases in which the reductions of the double to single sums were obtained in our previous work, leading to explicit demonstration of convergence, these new expressions are seen to be identical to the previous ones. We present, as a glossary, the most simplified explicit results for the DDR's in the cases of imaginary amplitudes of forms $(E/m)^\\lambda[\\ln (E/m)]^n$, that cover the cases of practical interest in particle physics phenomenology at high energies. We explicitly study the expressions for the cases with $\\lambda$ negative odd integers, that require identification of cancelation of singularities, and provide the corresponding final results.

Erasmo Ferreira; Javier Sesma

2014-03-24T23:59:59.000Z

249

Dispersion aspects of silicon carbide gelcasting  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The principal objective of this research was to increase the solid loading of silicon carbide (SiC) powder, in an appropriate liquid medium, to a level that is useful for gelcasting technology. A number of factors that determine the maximum concentration of silicon carbide that can be incorporated into a pourable ceramic suspension have been identified. The pH of the system is the most critical processing parameter. Its proper adjustment (pH 11 to 13) allows SiC concentrations exceeding 50%, based on volume, to be routinely achieved without the use of additional dispersing agents. The particle size of SiC was also found to affect the maximum, attainable concentration. The surface area of the powder and the presence of free carbon in the powder, though not significantly influencing the suspension properties, determine the concentration of initiator required to induce polymerization and gelation. SiC specimens have been gelcast for powders in the size range of 0.8 to 8.5 {mu}m; the powders employed contain either {approximately} 0 or 19% carbon by weight. Finally, the generation of bubbles, typically encountered by the use of ammonia to adjust pH has been circumvented by the use of tetramethylammonium hydroxide.

Bleier, A.

1991-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

250

Modelling long-distance seed dispersal in heterogeneous landscapes.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

1. Long-distance seed dispersal is difficult to measure, yet key to understanding plant population dynamics and community composition. 2. We used a spatially explicit model to predict the distribution of seeds dispersed long distances by birds into habitat patches of different shapes. All patches were the same type of habitat and size, but varied in shape. They occurred in eight experimental landscapes, each with five patches of four different shapes, 150 m apart in a matrix of mature forest. The model was parameterized with smallscale movement data collected from field observations of birds. In a previous study we validated the model by testing its predictions against observed patterns of seed dispersal in real landscapes with the same types and spatial configuration of patches as in the model. 3. Here we apply the model more broadly, examining how patch shape influences the probability of seed deposition by birds into patches, how dispersal kernels (distributions of dispersal distances) vary with patch shape and starting location, and how movement of seeds between patches is affected by patch shape. 4. The model predicts that patches with corridors or other narrow extensions receive higher numbers of seeds than patches without corridors or extensions. This pattern is explained by edgefollowing behaviour of birds. Dispersal distances are generally shorter in heterogeneous landscapes (containing patchy habitat) than in homogeneous landscapes, suggesting that patches divert the movement of seed dispersers, holding them long enough to increase the probability of seed defecation in the patches. Dispersal kernels for seeds in homogeneous landscapes were smooth, whereas those in heterogenous landscapes were irregular. In both cases, long-distance (> 150 m) dispersal was surprisingly common, usually comprising approximately 50% of all dispersal events. 5. Synthesis . Landscape heterogeneity has a large influence on patterns of long-distance seed dispersal. Our results suggest that long-distance dispersal events can be predicted using spatially explicit modelling to scale-up local movements, placing them in a landscape context. Similar techniques are commonly used by landscape ecologists to model other types of movement; they offer much promise to the study of seed dispersal.

Levey, Douglas, J.; Tewlsbury, Joshua, J.; Bolker, Benjamin, M.

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

251

Remarks on the concept of dispersion in a curved linac  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A next-generation linear collider is expected to span tens of kilometers in length. For various reasons, it may be desirable to house such an accelerator in a tunnel that follows the earth's curvature rather that in a 'laser-straight' tunnel. One side effect of opting for a curved linac is the introduction of vertical dispersion. In recent years, much work has been dedicated to understand and evaluate the impact of the presence of dispersion on emittance preservation. While performing simulations with our in-house code (CHEF) we observed a discrepancy between the dispersion function it produces and that computed using other codes in use within the accelerator community. Understanding the origin and the meaning of this discrepancy required a re-examination of the meaning of the concept of dispersion in the context of a linac. The object of this note is to document our findings. We establish that the default dispersion algorithm used by CHEF corresponds to a different, and ultimately more appropriate, definition of the dispersion in presence of acceleration. Not surprisingly, a consistent definition of dispersion restores agreement between codes.

Ostiguy, Jean-Francois; /Fermilab

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

252

Confined zone dispersion project. Final technical report  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This report describes the performance of the confined zone dispersion (CZD) flue gas desulfurization (FGD) system in removing sulfur dioxide (SO{sub 2}) from flue gas in the coal-fired boiler. The CZD-FGD system, installed at Pennsylvania Electric Company`s (Penelec`s) Seward Power Station, was designed to remove 50% of the SO{sub 2} from one-half of Unit No. 5`s flue gas when the boiler is fired with 1.5% sulfur coal. Section 1 discusses the significance of CZD, the purpose of this report, the history of the project, and the role of DOE in the project, describes the project organization, and lists the six design areas involving proprietary information. Section 2 presents project location, objectives, and phases, and discusses the test program. Section 3 explains the process flow diagram, piping and instrumentation diagrams and operating controls, site plan, equipment layouts, and process equipment. Section 4 provides an integrated discussion of all the test results obtained during the test program, backed by tabulations and graphics. Section 5 describes the testing failures and corrective actions taken. Section 6, reliability/availability/maintainability analysis data of major equipment, covers the following systems: atomizing, sootblowing, lime, flue gas, and controls and instrumentation. Section 7 summarizes the capital cost requirements for the Seward CZD demonstration unit and discusses the capital and operating costs of installing the process at plants with various unit capacities. Section 8 discusses plans to continue the CZD demonstration to achieve longer term continuous operation at SO{sub 2} removals of 50%. Section 9 presents the principal findings of the CZD demonstration and recommends additional testing.

NONE

1994-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

253

RELIABILITY OF WIND POWER FROM DISPERSED SITES: A PRELIMINARY ASSESSMENT  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

ON METHODOLOGY: FROM WIND POWER FREQUENCY TO LOSS-OF-LOADJ.P. , "Some Aspects of Wind Power Statistics, " J. of Appl.SCTION Reliability of Wind Power From Dispersed Sites: A Pr

Kahn, E.

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

254

Nonphotochemical hole burning and dispersive kinetics in amorphous solids.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??Results of an extensive study, covering burn intensities in the nW to {dollar}?{dollar}W/cm{dollar}2{dollar} range, of dispersive hole growth kinetics are reported for Oxazine 720 in (more)

Kenney, Michael Joseph

1990-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

255

A fractional dispersion model for overland solute transport  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Using the kinematic-wave overland flow equation and a fractional dispersion-advection equation, a process-oriented, physically-based model is developed for overland solute transport. Two scenarios, one consisting of downslope and the other...

Deng, Zhi-Qiang; de Lima, M. Isabel P.; Singh, Vijay P.; de Lima, Jo??o L. M. P.

2006-03-18T23:59:59.000Z

256

Dispersion interferometer using modulation amplitudes on LHD (invited)  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Since a dispersion interferometer is insensitive to mechanical vibrations, a vibration compensation system is not necessary. The CO{sub 2} laser dispersion interferometer with phase modulations on the Large Helical Device utilizes the new phase extraction method which uses modulation amplitudes and can improve a disadvantage of the original dispersion interferometer: measurement errors caused by variations of detected intensities. The phase variation within 2 10{sup 17} m{sup ?3} is obtained without vibration compensation system. The measured line averaged electron density with the dispersion interferometer shows good agreement with that with the existing far infrared laser interferometer. Fringe jump errors in high density ranging up to 1.5 10{sup 20} m{sup ?3} can be overcome by a sufficient sampling rate of about 100 kHz.

Akiyama, T., E-mail: takiyama@lhd.nifs.ac.jp; Yasuhara, R.; Kawahata, K. [National Institute for Fusion Science, 322-6 Oroshi-cho, Toki-shi, Gifu 509-5292 (Japan); Okajima, S.; Nakayama, K. [Chubu University, Matsumoto-cho, Kasugai-shi, Aichi 487-8501 (Japan)

2014-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

257

Hair treatment process providing dispersed colors by light diffraction  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

Hair was coated with polymer-containing fluid and then hot pressed to form a composite of hair and a polymer film imprinted with a nanopattern. Polychromatic light incident on the nanopattern is diffracted into dispersed colored light.

Lamartine, Bruce Carvell; Orler, E. Bruce; Sutton, Richard Matthew Charles; Song, Shuangqi

2014-11-11T23:59:59.000Z

258

Hair treatment process providing dispersed colors by light diffraction  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

Hair was coated with polymer-containing fluid and then hot pressed to form a composite of hair and a polymer film imprinted with a nanopattern. Polychromatic light incident on the nanopattern is diffracted into dispersed colored light.

Lamartine, Bruce Carvell; Orler, E. Bruce; Sutton, Richard Matthew Charles; Song, Shuangqi

2013-12-17T23:59:59.000Z

259

RELIABILITY OF WIND POWER FROM DISPERSED SITES: A PRELIMINARY ASSESSMENT  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

PG&E 4:00 p.m. Summer Wind Generator Model Wind Array ELCCexpect from an array of wind generators spread over a largean array of dispersed wind generators will be. wind speed

Kahn, E.

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

260

Forced-convection, dispersed-flow film boiling  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This report presents the latest results of an investigation of the characteristics of dispersed flow film boiling. Heat transfer data are presented for vertical upflow of nitrogen in an electrically heated tube, 0.4 in. ...

Hynek, Scott Josef

1969-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "dispersion manifolds perforated" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


261

Bayesian Network Analysis of Radiological Dispersal Device Acquisitions  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

It remains unlikely that a terrorist organization could produce or procure an actual nuclear weapon. However, the construction of a radiological dispersal device (RDD) from commercially produced radioactive sources and conventional explosives could...

Hundley, Grant Richard

2012-02-14T23:59:59.000Z

262

Agents of seed dispersal : animal--zoochary / Wind--anemonochory  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Agents of seed dispersal is a project designed to address the increase of environmental degradation, which occurs as a result of the perpetual spread of the asphalt and concrete of the contemporary urban situation. Agents ...

Lysakowski, Lukasz Kamil, 1974-

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

263

A dynamic model for the Lagrangian stochastic dispersion coefficient  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A stochastic sub-grid model is often used to accurately represent particle dispersion in turbulent flows using large eddy simulations. Models of this type have a free parameter, the dispersion coefficient, which is not universal and is strongly grid-dependent. In the present paper, a dynamic model for the evaluation of the coefficient is proposed and validated in decaying homogeneous isotropic turbulence. The grid dependence of the static coefficient is investigated in a turbulent mixing layer and compared to the dynamic model. The dynamic model accurately predicts dispersion statistics and resolves the grid-dependence. Dispersion statistics of the dynamically calculated constant are more accurate than any static coefficient choice for a number of grid spacings. Furthermore, the dynamic model produces less numerical artefacts than a static model and exhibits smaller sensitivity in the results predicted for different particle relaxation times.

Pesmazoglou, I.; Navarro-Martinez, S., E-mail: s.navarro@imperial.ac.uk [Department of Mechanical Engineering, Imperial College, London SW7 2AZ (United Kingdom); Kempf, A. M. [Chair of Fluid Dynamics, Institute for Combustion and Gasdynamics and Center for Computational Sciences and Simulation, Universitt Duisburg-Essen, Duisburg, 47048 (Germany)] [Chair of Fluid Dynamics, Institute for Combustion and Gasdynamics and Center for Computational Sciences and Simulation, Universitt Duisburg-Essen, Duisburg, 47048 (Germany)

2013-12-15T23:59:59.000Z

264

Dispersion modeling of ground-level area sources of particulate  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

into the concentration predictions, in order to account for variation or wind speed and direction within an hour period. For ground-level sources, the vertical distribution involves mathematically dispersing the pollutant underground, then reflecting it back up. The next...

Fritz, Bradley Keith

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

265

amplified dispersive optical: Topics by E-print Network  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

from a finite set. John Jeffers 2011-05-16 5 January 15, 2004 Vol. 29, No. 2 OPTICS LETTERS 201 Generation of 14.8-fs pulses in a spatially dispersed amplifier Materials...

266

altered dispersion relations: Topics by E-print Network  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

our formalism to the parapositronium two-photon decay. G. Lopez Castro; J. Pestieau; C. Smith; S. Trine 2000-06-01 9 Dispersion relation for anisotropic media CERN Preprints...

267

Performance Analysis of Dispersed Spectrum Cognitive Radio Systems  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

probability of dispersed spectrum cognitive radio systems is derived for two cases: where each channel realization experiences independent and dependent Nakagami-m fading, respectively. In addition, the derivation is extended to include the effects...

Mohammad, Muneer

2011-02-22T23:59:59.000Z

268

E-Print Network 3.0 - atom-wall dispersive forces Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

class force subordinates to disperse farther, and (2... subordinate males for available resources and effectively force males to disperse farther from the natal area......

269

E-Print Network 3.0 - advective- dispersive formulation Sample...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

of the advection dispersion equation. 12;Point like injectionPoint like injection Transport... transport formulations and dispersion ... Source: Politcnica de Catalunya,...

270

E-Print Network 3.0 - anomalous dispersion phase-matching Sample...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

to travel at its luminal group velocity but phase-match to dispersive waves... dispersive radiation to be ... Source: Gaeta, Alexander L. - School of Applied and Engineering...

271

Power-law spatial dispersion from fractional Liouville equation  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A microscopic model in the framework of fractional kinetics to describe spatial dispersion of power-law type is suggested. The Liouville equation with the Caputo fractional derivatives is used to obtain the power-law dependence of the absolute permittivity on the wave vector. The fractional differential equations for electrostatic potential in the media with power-law spatial dispersion are derived. The particular solutions of these equations for the electric potential of point charge in this media are considered.

Tarasov, Vasily E. [Skobeltsyn Institute of Nuclear Physics, Lomonosov Moscow State University, Moscow 119991 (Russian Federation)] [Skobeltsyn Institute of Nuclear Physics, Lomonosov Moscow State University, Moscow 119991 (Russian Federation)

2013-10-15T23:59:59.000Z

272

A two-point boundary value problem on a Lorentz manifold arising in A. Poltorak's concept of reference frame  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In A. Poltorak's concept, the reference frame in General Relativity is a certain manifold equipped with a connection. The question under consideration here is whether it is possible to join two events in the space-time by a time-like geodesic if they are joined by a geodesic of the reference frame connection that has a time-like initial vector. This question is interpreted as whether an event belongs to the proper future of another event in the space-time in case it is so in the reference frame. For reference frames of two special types some geometric conditions are found under which the answer is positive.

Yu. E. Gliklikh; P. S. Zykov

2006-10-12T23:59:59.000Z

273

A manifold of possible physics-laws in a universe where the planck constant and speed of light parameters vary  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

I assume a universe whereby the speed of light and the planck constant are not constants but instead parameters that vary locally in time-and space. When describing motion, I am able to derive a modified path integral description at the quantum level, which offers a natural extension of quantum mechanics. At the microscopic level, this path integral intuitively describes a physics with many quantum realities thus leading to a novel concept of manifold of physics, which can be looked at as a novel action principle. This paradigm reflects the notion that the observed laws of physics on any given scale are determined by the underlying distribution of the fundamental parameters (i.e Quantum Mechanics is just one point on this manifold), thus leading to many possible physical-law based behaviors. By choosing a Gaussian distribution of the parameters, a quadratic action term appears in the path-integral, which in turns leads to a complex classical action (and by continuation a new description for inertia) at the classical level. In the accompanying manuscript the classical doublet equation of motion is applied to the Newtonian gravitation field, and a MOND-like, dark-energy-like, and pioneer-anomaly-like solutions are derived.

Roee Amit

2008-02-14T23:59:59.000Z

274

Ecological Modelling 147 (2002) 2339 Dispersal success on spatially structured landscapes: when  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Ecological Modelling 147 (2002) 23­39 Dispersal success on spatially structured landscapes: when do a simulation study in which we explored (1) the conditions under which landscape structure affects dispersal success and (2) the dependency of dispersal success on the choice of dispersal algorithm. We simulated

With, Kimberly A.

275

Can dispersal mode predict corridor effects on plant parasites?  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Habitat corridors, a common management strategy for increasing connectivity in fragmented landscapes, have experimentally validated positive influences on species movement and diversity. However, long-standing concerns that corridors could negatively impact native species by spreading antagonists, such as disease, remain largely untested. Using a large-scale, replicated experiment, we evaluated whether corridors increase the incidence of plant parasites. We found that corridor impacts varied with parasite dispersal mode. Connectivity provided by corridors increased incidence of biotically dispersed parasites (galls on Solidago odora) but not of abiotically dispersed parasites (foliar fungi on S. odora and three Lespedeza spp.). Both biotically and abiotically dispersed parasites responded to edge effects, but the direction of responses varied across species. Although our results require additional tests for generality to other species and landscapes, they suggest that, when establishing conservation corridors, managers should focus on mitigating two potential negative effects: the indirect effects of narrow corridors in creating edges and direct effects of corridors in enhancing connectivity of biotically dispersed parasites.

Sullivan, Lauren, L.; Johnson, Brenda, L.; Brudvig, Lars, A.; Haddad, Nick, M.

2011-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

276

Slip ratio in dispersed viscous oil-water pipe flow  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In this article, dispersed flow of viscous oil and water is investigated. The experimental work was performed in a 26.2-mm-i.d. 12-m-long horizontal glass pipe using water and oil (viscosity of 100 mPa s and density of 860 kg/m{sup 3}) as test fluids. High-speed video recording and a new wire-mesh sensor based on capacitance (permittivity) measurements were used to characterize the flow. Furthermore, holdup data were obtained using quick-closing-valves technique (QCV). An interesting finding was the oil-water slip ratio greater than one for dispersed flow at high Reynolds number. Chordal phase fraction distribution diagrams and images of the holdup distribution over the pipe cross-section obtained via wire-mesh sensor indicated a significant amount of water near to the pipe wall for the three different dispersed flow patterns identified in this study: oil-in-water homogeneous dispersion (o/w H), oil-in-water non-homogeneous dispersion (o/w NH) and Dual continuous (Do/w and Dw/o). The phase slip might be explained by the existence of a water film surrounding the homogeneous mixture of oil-in-water in a hidrofilic-oilfobic pipe. (author)

Rodriguez, Iara H.; Yamaguti, Henrique K.B.; de Castro, Marcelo S.; Rodriguez, Oscar M.H. [Department of Mechanical Engineering, Engineering School of Sao Carlos, University of Sao Paulo (USP), Av. Trabalhador Sao Carlense, 400, 13566-970 Sao Carlos, SP (Brazil); Da Silva, Marco J. [Forschungszentrum Dresden-Rossendorf e. V., Institute of Safety Research, PO Box 510119, 01314 Dresden (Germany)

2011-01-15T23:59:59.000Z

277

System and method for detection of dispersed broadband signals  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A system and method for detecting the presence of dispersed broadband signals in real time are disclosed. The present invention utilizes a bank of matched filters for detecting the received dispersed broadband signals. Each matched filter uses a respective robust time template that has been designed to approximate the dispersed broadband signals of interest, and each time template varies across a spectrum of possible dispersed broadband signal time templates. The received dispersed broadband signal x(t) is received by each of the matched filters, and if one or more matches occurs, then the received data is determined to have signal data of interest. This signal data can then be analyzed and/or transmitted to Earth for analysis, as desired. The system and method of the present invention will prove extremely useful in many fields, including satellite communications, plasma physics, and interstellar research. The varying time templates used in the bank of matched filters are determined as follows. The robust time domain template is assumed to take the form w(t)=A(t)cos[l brace]2[phi](t)[r brace]. Since the instantaneous frequency f(t) is known to be equal to the derivative of the phase [phi](t), the trajectory of a joint time-frequency representation of x(t) is used as an approximation of [phi][prime](t). 10 figs.

Qian, S.; Dunham, M.E.

1999-06-08T23:59:59.000Z

278

System and method for detection of dispersed broadband signals  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A system and method for detecting the presence of dispersed broadband signals in real time. The present invention utilizes a bank of matched filters for detecting the received dispersed broadband signals. Each matched filter uses a respective robust time template that has been designed to approximate the dispersed broadband signals of interest, and each time template varies across a spectrum of possible dispersed broadband signal time templates. The received dispersed broadband signal x(t) is received by each of the matched filters, and if one or more matches occurs, then the received data is determined to have signal data of interest. This signal data can then be analyzed and/or transmitted to Earth for analysis, as desired. The system and method of the present invention will prove extremely useful in many fields, including satellite communications, plasma physics, and interstellar research. The varying time templates used in the bank of matched filters are determined as follows. The robust time domain template is assumed to take the form w(t)=A(t)cos{2.phi.(t)}. Since the instantaneous frequency f(t) is known to be equal to the derivative of the phase .phi.(t), the trajectory of a joint time-frequency representation of x(t) is used as an approximation of .phi.'(t).

Qian, Shie (Austin, TX); Dunham, Mark E. (Los Alamos, NM)

1999-06-08T23:59:59.000Z

279

Method of Manufacturing Micro-Disperse Particles of Sodium Borohydride  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A compact solid source of hydrogen gas, where the gas is generated by contacting water with micro-disperse particles of sodium borohydride in the presence of a catalyst, such as cobalt or ruthenium. The micro-disperse particles can have a substantially uniform diameter of 1-10 microns, and preferably about 3-5 microns. Ruthenium or cobalt catalytic nanoparticles can be incorporated in the micro-disperse particles of sodium borohydride, which allows a rapid and complete reaction to occur without the problems associated with caking and scaling of the surface by the reactant product sodium metaborate. A closed loop water management system can be used to recycle wastewater from a PEM fuel cell to supply water for reacting with the micro-disperse particles of sodium borohydride in a compact hydrogen gas generator. Capillary forces can wick water from a water reservoir into a packed bed of micro-disperse fuel particles, eliminating the need for using an active pump.

Kravitz, Stanley H. (Placitas, NM); Hecht, Andrew M. (Sandia Park, NM); Sylwester. Alan P. (Albuquerque, NM); Bell, Nelson S. (Albuquerque, NM)

2008-09-23T23:59:59.000Z

280

Theory of angular dispersive imaging hard x-ray spectrographs  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A spectrograph is an optical instrument that disperses photons of different energies into distinct directions and space locations, and images photon spectra on a position-sensitive detector. Spectrographs consist of collimating, angular dispersive, and focusing optical elements. Bragg reflecting crystals arranged in an asymmetric scattering geometry are used as the dispersing elements. A ray-transfer matrix technique is applied to propagate x-rays through the optical elements. Several optical designs of hard x-ray spectrographs are proposed and their performance is analyzed. Spectrographs with an energy resolution of 0.1 meV and a spectral window of imaging up to a few tens of meVs are shown to be feasible for inelastic x-ray scattering (IXS) spectroscopy applications. In another example, a spectrograph with a 1-meV spectral resolution and 85-meV spectral window of imaging is considered for Cu K-edge resonant IXS (RIXS).

Shvyd'ko, Yuri

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "dispersion manifolds perforated" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


281

Fractional power-law spatial dispersion in electrodynamics  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Electric fields in non-local media with power-law spatial dispersion are discussed. Equations involving a fractional Laplacian in the Riesz form that describe the electric fields in such non-local media are studied. The generalizations of Coulombs law and Debyes screening for power-law non-local media are characterized. We consider simple models with anomalous behavior of plasma-like media with power-law spatial dispersions. The suggested fractional differential models for these plasma-like media are discussed to describe non-local properties of power-law type. -- Highlights: Plasma-like non-local media with power-law spatial dispersion. Fractional differential equations for electric fields in the media. The generalizations of Coulombs law and Debyes screening for the media.

Tarasov, Vasily E., E-mail: tarasov@theory.sinp.msu.ru [Skobeltsyn Institute of Nuclear Physics, Lomonosov Moscow State University, Moscow 119991 (Russian Federation); Departamento de Anlisis Matemtico, Universidad de La Laguna, 38271 La Laguna, Tenerife (Spain); Trujillo, Juan J., E-mail: jtrujill@ullmat.es [Departamento de Anlisis Matemtico, Universidad de La Laguna, 38271 La Laguna, Tenerife (Spain)

2013-07-15T23:59:59.000Z

282

Polydispersity analysis of Taylor dispersion data: the cumulant method  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Taylor dispersion analysis is an increasingly popular characterization method that measures the diffusion coefficient, and hence the hydrodynamic radius, of (bio)polymers, nanoparticles or even small molecules. In this work, we describe an extension to current data analysis schemes that allows size polydispersity to be quantified for an arbitrary sample, thereby significantly enhancing the potentiality of Taylor dispersion analysis. The method is based on a cumulant development similar to that used for the analysis of dynamic light scattering data. Specific challenges posed by the cumulant analysis of Taylor dispersion data are discussed, and practical ways to address them are proposed. We successfully test this new method by analyzing both simulated and experimental data for solutions of moderately polydisperse polymers and polymer mixtures.

Luca Cipelletti; Jean-Philippe Biron; Michel Martin; Herv Cottet

2014-08-26T23:59:59.000Z

283

Black/White hole radiation from dispersive theories  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We study the fluxes emitted by black holes when using dispersive field theories. We work with stationary one dimensional backgrounds which are asymptotically flat on both sides of the horizon. The asymptotic fluxes are governed by a 3x3 Bogoliubov transformation. The fluxes emitted by the corresponding white holes are regular and governed by the inverse transformation. We numerically compute the spectral properties of these fluxes for both sub- and superluminal quartic dispersion. The leading deviations with respect to the dispersionless flux are computed and shown to be governed by a critical frequency above which there is no radiation. Unlike the UV scale governing dispersion, its value critically depends on the asymptotic properties of the background. We also study the flux outside the robust regime. In particular we show that its low frequency part remains almost thermal but with a temperature which significantly differs from the standard one. Application to four dimensional black holes and Bose-Einstein condensates are in preparation.

Jean Macher; Renaud Parentani

2009-06-02T23:59:59.000Z

284

New ceramics containing dispersants for improved fracture toughness  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

The invention is a ceramic composition containing a new class of dispersant for hindering crack propagation by means of one or more energy-dissipative mechanisms. The composition is composed of a ceramic matrix with dispersed particles of a transformation-prone rare-earth niobate, tantalate or mixtures of these with each other and/or with a rare-earth vanadate. The dispersants, having a generic composition tRBO/sub 4/, where R is a rare-earth element, B if Nb or Ta and O is oxygen, are mixed in powder form with a powder of the matrix ceramic and sintered to produce a ceramic form or body. The crack-hindering mechanisms operates to provide improved performance over a wide range of temperature and operating conditions.

Nevitt, M.V.; Aldred, A.T.; Chan, Sai-Kit

1985-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

285

Fractional Power-Law Spatial Dispersion in Electrodynamics  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Electric fields in non-local media with power-law spatial dispersion are discussed. Equations involving a fractional Laplacian in the Riesz form that describe the electric fields in such non-local media are studied. The generalizations of Coulomb's law and Debye's screening for power-law non-local media are characterized. We consider simple models with anomalous behavior of plasma-like media with power-law spatial dispersions. The suggested fractional differential models for these plasma-like media are discussed to describe non-local properties of power-law type.

Tarasov, Vasily E

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

286

Thermodynamics of a photon gas and deformed dispersion relations  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We resort to the methods of statistical mechanics in order to determine the effects that a deformed dispersion relation has upon the thermodynamics of a photon gas. The ensuing modifications to the density of states, partition function, pressure, internal energy, entropy, and specific heat are calculated. It will be shown that the breakdown of Lorentz invariance can be interpreted as a repulsive interaction, among the photons. Additionally, it will be proved that the presence of a deformed dispersion relation entails an increase in the entropy of the system. In other words, as a consequence of the loss of the aforementioned symmetry the number of microstates available to the corresponding equilibrium state grows.

A. Camacho; A. Macias

2007-02-28T23:59:59.000Z

287

Scattering approach to dispersive atom-surface interactions  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We develop the scattering approach for the dispersive force on a ground state atom on top of a corrugated surface. We present explicit results to first order in the corrugation amplitude. A variety of analytical results are derived in different limiting cases, including the van der Waals and Casimir-Polder regimes. We compute numerically the exact first-order dispersive potential for arbitrary separation distances and corrugation wavelengths, for a Rubidium atom on top of a silicon or gold corrugated surface. We consider in detail the correction to the proximity force approximation, and present a very simple approximation algorithm for computing the potential.

Dalvit, Diego [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Messina, Riccardo [LAB KASTLER BROSSEL; Maia Neto, Paulo [INSTITUTO DE FISICA UFRJ; Lambrecht, Astrid [LAB KASTLER BROSSEL; Reynaud, Serge [LAB KASTLER BROSSEL

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

288

Stellar Velocity Dispersion of the Leo A Dwarf Galaxy  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We measure the first stellar velocity dispersion of the Leo A dwarf galaxy, \\sigma = 9.3 +- 1.3 km/s. We derive the velocity dispersion from the radial velocities of ten young B supergiants and two HII regions in the central region of Leo A. We estimate a projected mass of 8 +- 2.7 x10^7 solar masses within a radius of 2 arcmin, and a mass to light ratio of at least 20 +- 6 M_sun/L_sun. These results imply Leo A is at least ~80% dark matter by mass.

Warren R. Brown; Margaret J. Geller; Scott J. Kenyon; Michael J. Kurtz

2007-05-08T23:59:59.000Z

289

Rhythmic cluster generation in strongly driven colloidal dispersions  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We study the response of a nematic colloidal dispersion of rods to a driven probe particle which is dragged with high speed through the dispersion perpendicular to the nematic director. In front of the dragged particle, clusters of rods are generated which rhythmically grow and dissolve by rotational motion. We find evidence for a mesoscopic cluster-cluster correlation length, {\\em independent} of the imposed drag speed. Our results are based on non-equilibrium Brownian dynamics computer simulations and in line with a dynamical scaling theory.

H. H. Wensink; H. Lwen

2006-06-28T23:59:59.000Z

290

AIR DISPERSION MODELING AT THE WASTE ISOLATION PILOT PLANT  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

One concern at the Waste Isolation Pilot Plant (WIPP) is the amount of alpha-emitting radionuclides or hazardous chemicals that can become airborne at the facility and reach the Exclusive Use Area boundary as the result of a release from the Waste Handling Building (WHB) or from the underground during waste emplacement operations. The WIPP Safety Analysis Report (SAR), WIPP RCRA Permit, and WIPP Emergency Preparedness Hazards Assessments include air dispersion calculations to address this issue. Meteorological conditions at the WIPP facility will dictate direction, speed, and dilution of a contaminant plume of respirable material due to chronic releases or during an accident. Due to the paucity of meteorological information at the WIPP site prior to September 1996, the Department of Energy (DOE) reports had to rely largely on unqualified climatic data from the site and neighboring Carlsbad, which is situated approximately 40 km (26 miles) to the west of the site. This report examines the validity of the DOE air dispersion calculations using new meteorological data measured and collected at the WIPP site since September 1996. The air dispersion calculations in this report include both chronic and acute releases. Chronic release calculations were conducted with the EPA-approved code, CAP88PC and the calculations showed that in order for a violation of 40 CFR61 (NESHAPS) to occur, approximately 15 mCi/yr of 239Pu would have to be released from the exhaust stack or from the WHB. This is an extremely high value. Hence, it is unlikely that NESHAPS would be violated. A site-specific air dispersion coefficient was evaluated for comparison with that used in acute dose calculations. The calculations presented in Section 3.2 and 3.3 show that one could expect a slightly less dispersive plume (larger air dispersion coefficient) given greater confidence in the meteorological data, i.e. 95% worst case meteorological conditions. Calculations show that dispersion will decrease slightly if a more stable wind class is assumed, where very little vertical mixing occurs. It is recommended that previous reports which used fixed values for calculating the air dispersion coefficient be updated to reflect the new meteorological data, such as the WIPP Safety Analysis Report and the WIPP Emergency Preparedness Hazards Assessment. It is also recommended that uncertainty be incorporated into the calculations so that a more meaningful assessment of risk during accidents can be achieved.

Rucker, D.F.

2000-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

291

On the limiting behavior of the Brown-York quasi-local mass in asymptotically hyperbolic manifolds  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We show that the limit at infinity of the vector-valued Brown-York-type quasi-local mass along any coordinate exhaustion of an asymptotically hyperbolic $3$-manifold satisfying the relevant energy condition on the scalar curvature has the conjectured causal character. Our proof uses spinors and relies on a Witten-type formula expressing the asymptotic limit of this quasi-local mass as a bulk integral which manifestly has the right sign under the above assumptions. In the spirit of recent work by Hijazi, Montiel and Raulot, we also provide another proof of this result which uses the theory of boundary value problems for Dirac operators on compact domains to show that a certain quasi-local mass, which converges to the Brown-York mass in the asymptotic limit, has the expected causal character under suitable geometric assumptions.

Ezequiel Barbosa; Levi Lopes de Lima; Frederico Giro

2014-07-02T23:59:59.000Z

292

Physicalbiological coupling in spore dispersal of kelp forest macroalgae  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Physical­biological coupling in spore dispersal of kelp forest macroalgae $ Brian Gaylorda produced by macroalgae that reside in kelp forests are complicated and laced with feedbacks. Here we before they contact the seafloor. Morphologies and material properties of canopy forming kelps may also

Washburn, Libe

293

A Tracer Investigation oftheAtmosph^c Dispersion  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Laboratory Erik Lyck Air Pollution Laboratory National Agency of Environmental Protection Abstract. Mining at Kvanefjeld, Greenland, will result in releases of air polluting gases. In order to measure the dilution and a sea-breeze. INIS-descriptors: AIR POLLUTION; DILUTION; DISPERSION; ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACTS; GASES

294

Development oxide dispersion strengthened ferritic steels for fusion  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Uniaxial tension creep response is reported for an oxide dispersion strengthened (ODS) steel, Fe-13.5Cr-2W-0.5Ti-0.25 Y{sub 2}O{sub 3} (in weight percent) manufactured using the mechanical alloying process. Acceptable creep response is obtained at 900{degrees}C.

Mukhopadhyay, D.K.; Froes, F.H.; Gelles, D.S. [Pacific Northwest National Lab., Richland, WA (United States)

1997-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

295

Combined dispersive/interference spectroscopy for producing a vector spectrum  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A method of measuring the spectral properties of broadband waves that combines interferometry with a wavelength disperser having many spectral channels to produce a fringing spectrum. Spectral mapping, Doppler shifts, metrology of angles, distances and secondary effects such as temperature, pressure, and acceleration which change an interferometer cavity length can be measured accurately by a compact instrument using broadband illumination. Broadband illumination avoids the fringe skip ambiguities of monochromatic waves. The interferometer provides arbitrarily high spectral resolution, simple instrument response, compactness, low cost, high field of view and high efficiency. The inclusion of a disperser increases fringe visibility and signal to noise ratio over an interferometer used alone for broadband waves. The fringing spectrum is represented as a wavelength dependent 2-d vector, which describes the fringe amplitude and phase. Vector mathematics such as generalized dot products rapidly computes average broadband phase shifts to high accuracy. A Moire effect between the interferometer's sinusoidal transmission and the illumination heterodynes high resolution spectral detail to low spectral detail, allowing the use of a low resolution disperser. Multiple parallel interferometer cavities of fixed delay allow the instantaneous mapping of a spectrum, with an instrument more compact for the same spectral resolution than a conventional dispersive spectrometer, and not requiring a scanning delay.

Erskine, David J. (Oakland, CA)

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

296

Metallophilic interactions from dispersion-corrected density-functional theory  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In this article, we present the first comprehensive study of metallophilic (aurophilic) interactions using dispersion-corrected density-functional theory. Dispersion interactions (an essential component of metallophilicity) are treated using the exchange-hole dipole moment (XDM) model. By comparing against coupled-cluster benchmark calculations on simple dimers, we show that LC-?PBE-XDM is a viable functional to study interactions between closed-shell transition metals and that it performs uniformly better than second-order Mller-Plesset theory, the basic computational technique used in previous works. We apply LC-?PBE-XDM to address several open questions regarding metallophilicity, such as the interplay between dispersion and relativistic effects, the interaction strength along group 11, the additivity of homo- and hetero-metallophilic effects, the stability of [E(AuPH{sub 3}){sub 4}]{sup +} cations (E = N, P, As, Sb), and the role of metallophilic effects in crystal packing. We find that relativistic effects explain the prevalence of aurophilicity not by stabilizing metal-metal contacts, but by preventing gold from forming ionic structures involving bridge anions (which are otherwise common for Ag and Cu) as a result of the increased electron affinity of the metal. Dispersion effects are less important than previously assumed and their stabilization contribution is relatively independent of the metal.

Otero-de-la-Roza, Alberto, E-mail: aoterodelaroza@ucmerced.edu; Mallory, Joel D.; Johnson, Erin R., E-mail: ejohnson29@ucmerced.edu [Chemistry and Chemical Biology, School of Natural Sciences, University of California, Merced, 5200 North Lake Road, Merced, California 95343 (United States)

2014-05-14T23:59:59.000Z

297

Oxide dispersion strengthening of nickel electrodeposits for microsystem applications.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Oxide dispersion strengthened nickel (ODS-Ni) electrodeposits were fabricated to net shape in a nickel sulfamate bath using the LIGA process. A 20 g/l charge of 10 nm Al{sub 2}O{sub 3} powder was suspended in the bath during electrodeposition to produce specimens containing an approximately 0.001-0.02 volume fraction dispersion of the alumina particulate. Mechanical properties are compared to baseline specimens fabricated using an identical sulfamate bath chemistry without the Al{sub 2}O{sub 3} powder charge. Results reveal that the as-deposited ODS-Ni exhibited significantly higher yield strength and ultimate tensile strength than the baseline material. This increase in as-deposited strength is attributed to Orowan strengthening. The ODS-Ni also showed improved retention of room temperature strength after annealing over a range of temperatures up to 600 C. Microscopy revealed that this resistance to anneal softening was due to an inhibition of grain growth in the presence of the oxide dispersion. Nanoindentation measurements revealed that the properties of the dispersion strengthened deposit were uniform through its thickness, even in narrow, high aspect ratio structures. At elevated temperatures, the strength of the ODS-Ni was approximately three times greater than that of the baseline material although with a significant reduction in hot ductility.

Janek, Richard P. (Owens Technology Inc., Palo Alto, CA); Kotula, Paul Gabriel; Buchheit, Thomas Edward; Michael, R. P.; Goods, Steven Howard

2003-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

298

POLLEN DISPERSAL AND DEPOSITION ON THE QUELCCAYA ICE CAp, PERU  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

POLLEN DISPERSAL AND DEPOSITION ON THE QUELCCAYA ICE CAp, PERU Carl A. Reese and Kam-biu Liu: The relatively young science of tropical ice-core palynology has proven effective in the study of paleoenvironments by its ability to produce long-term and high- resolution paleoclimatic data. However, no studies

Liu, Kam-biu

299

Distinct spinon and holon dispersions in photoemission spectral functions from  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

ARTICLES Distinct spinon and holon dispersions in photoemission spectral functions from one particles) called spinons and holons. Experimentalists have long sought to verify this effect. Angle quasiparticle peak splits into a spinon­holon two-peak- like structure. Despite extensive ARPES experiments

Loss, Daniel

300

Electrical properties of dispersions of graphene in mineral oil  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Dispersions of graphene in mineral oil have been prepared and electrical conductivity and permittivity have been measured. The direct current (DC) conductivity of the dispersions depends on the surface characteristics of the graphene platelets and followed a percolation model with a percolation threshold ranging from 0.05 to 0.1?wt. %. The difference in DC conductivities can be attributed to different states of aggregation of the graphene platelets and to the inter-particle electron transfer, which is affected by the surface radicals. The frequency-dependent conductivity (?(?)) and permittivity (?(?)) were also measured. The conductivity of dispersions with particle contents much greater than the percolation threshold remains constant and equal to the DC conductivity at low frequencies ? with and followed a power-law ?(?)???{sup s} dependence at very high frequencies with s?0.9. For dispersions with graphene concentration near the percolation threshold, a third regime was displayed at intermediate frequencies indicative of interfacial polarization consistent with Maxwell-Wagner effect typically observed in mixtures of two (or more) phases with very distinct electrical and dielectric properties.

Monteiro, O. R., E-mail: othon.monteiro@bakerhughes.com [Baker Hughes, 14990 Yorktown Plaza Dr., Houston, Texas 77040 (United States)

2014-02-03T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "dispersion manifolds perforated" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


301

A Field Experiment to Validate Atmospheric Dispersion and  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Rise-R.495 A Field Experiment to Validate Atmospheric Dispersion and Dose Models S. P. Nielsen* S Roskilde, Denmark May 1986 #12;RIS?-R-495 DOUBLE TRACER EXPERIMENTS TO EVALUATE ATMOSPHERIC TRANSPORT Pollution Laboratory, Risø National Laboratory, DK-4000 Roskilde, Denmark Abstract. Two tracers

302

Refraction of dispersive shock waves , V.V. Khodorovskii 2  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

a dispersive counterpart of the classical gas dynamics problem of the interaction of a shock wave investigations, most notably in Bose-Einstein condensates (BECs) (see, e.g., [8, 32, 6]), where these waves problem involves complicated analysis of nonlinear multiphase wavetrains (see e.g. [22] for the Kd

303

Effect of Dispersant on Asphaltene Suspension Dynamics: Aggregation and Sedimentation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Effect of Dispersant on Asphaltene Suspension Dynamics: Aggregation and Sedimentation Sara M-mail: abbas.firoozabadi@yale.edu Abstract When oil is mixed with light alkanes, asphaltenes can precipitate particles, the aggre- gation of asphaltene colloids, and their eventual sedimentation. Amphiphilic

Firoozabadi, Abbas

304

air pollution dispersion: Topics by E-print Network  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

air pollution dispersion First Page Previous Page 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 Next Page Last Page Topic Index 1 Environmental Pollution Air...

305

Energy Dispersed Large Data Wave Maps in 2+1 Dimensions  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of Finite S Norm Wave-Maps and Energy Dispersion 10.1renormalization of large energy wave maps. In: Journes of Finite S Norm Wave-Maps and Energy Dispersion In this

Sterbenz, Jacob; Tataru, Daniel

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

306

Critique of Burnett-Frind dispersion tensor for axisymmetric porous media  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This technical note provides a critique of the Burnett and Frind (1987) dispersion tensor for porous media with axial symmetry based on a previous publication by the authors (Lichtner et aI., 2002). In this work a new approach is used based on unit eigenvectors which simplifies the analysis. It is demonstrated that the Burnett-Frind dispersion tensor, although acceptable for small values of the vertical velocity, produces the incorrect behavior for both longitudinal and transverse dispersivity as the flow velocity varies from parallel to perpendicular to the axis of symmetry. A new form of the dispersion tensor is derived for axially symmetric porous media involving four dispersivity coefficients corresponding to longitudinal and transverse dispersion in horizontal and vertical directions, defined as perpendicular and parallel to the axis of symmetry, respectively. This new dispersion tensor corrects two fundamental problems with the dispersion tensor proposed by Burnett and Frind (1987) for axial symmetric media.

Lichtner, Peter C [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Kelkar, Sharad [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Robinson, Bruce A [Los Alamos National Laboratory

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

307

Highly dispersed carbon nanotubes in organic media for polymer:fullerene photovoltaic devices  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Highly dispersed carbon nanotubes in organic media for polymer:fullerene photovoltaic devices Gwang photovoltaic device are fabricated using homogeneously dispersed carbon nanotubes (CNTs) in a polymer. All rights reserved. 1. Introduction Organic photovoltaic (OPV) materials promise the production

Hong, Soon Hyung

308

Heat transfer to impacting drops and post critical heat flux dispersed flow  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Heat transfer to drops impacting on a hot surface is examined in context of dispersions of flowing, boiling fluids. The liquid contribution to heat transfer from a hot tube to a two-phase dispersion is formulated in terms ...

Kendall, Gail E.

1978-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

309

E-Print Network 3.0 - apparent negative dispersion Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

results for: apparent negative dispersion Page: << < 1 2 3 4 5 > >> 1 SpecialFeature Ecology, 84(8), 2003, pp. 19451956 Summary: ; unspec, dispersal units with no apparent...

310

High temperature phonon dispersion in graphene using classical molecular dynamics  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Phonon dispersion and phonon density of states of graphene are calculated using classical molecular dynamics simulations. In this method, the dynamical matrix is constructed based on linear response theory by computing the displacement of atoms during the simulations. The computed phonon dispersions show excellent agreement with experiments. The simulations are done in both NVT and NPT ensembles at 300 K and found that the LO/TO modes are getting hardened at the ? point. The NPT ensemble simulations capture the anharmonicity of the crystal accurately and the hardening of LO/TO modes is more pronounced. We also found that at 300 K the C-C bond length reduces below the equilibrium value and the ZA bending mode frequency becomes imaginary close to ? along K-? direction, which indicates instability of the flat 2D graphene sheets.

Anees, P., E-mail: anees@igcar.gov.in; Panigrahi, B. K. [Materials Physics Division, Indira Gandhi Centre for Atomic Research, Kalpakkam-603102 (India); Valsakumar, M. C., E-mail: anees@igcar.gov.in [School of Engineering Sciences and Technology, University of Hyderabad, Hyderabad-500046 (India)

2014-04-24T23:59:59.000Z

311

An Experimental Study of Cold Helium Dispersion in Air  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The Large Hadron Collider (LHC) presently under construction at CERN, will contain about 100 tons of helium mostly located in the underground tunnel and in caverns. Potential failure modes of the accelerator, which may be followed by helium discharge to the tunnel, have been identified and the corresponding helium flows calculated. To verify the analytical calculations of helium dispersion in the tunnel, a dedicated test set-up has been built. It represents a section of the LHC tunnel at a scale 1:13 and is equipped with a controllable helium relief system enabling the simulation of different scenarios of the LHC cryogenic system failures. Corresponding patterns of cold helium dispersion in air have been observed and analysed with respect to oxygen deficiency hazard. We report on the test set-up and the measurement results, which have been scaled to real LHC conditions.

Chorowski, M; Riddone, G

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

312

Hanford atmospheric dispersion data: 1960 through June 1967  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This volume presents dispersion and supporting meteorological data from experiments conducted over relatively flat terrain at Hanford, Washington from January 1960 through June 1967. The nature of the experiments, the sampling grids, and the tracer techniques used are described in the narrative portion of the document. Appendices contain the time-integrated concentrations for samplers within the plumes, summaries of the concentration distributions across the plumes, and wind and temperature profile data for each release period. 18 references, 7 figures, 3 tables.

Nickola, P.W.; Ramsdell, J.V.; Glantz, C.S.; Kerns, R.E.

1983-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

313

GIS and plume dispersion modeling for population exposure assessment  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

(NSPS), solid fossil fuel and electrical utility steam generator power plants are monitored for particulate matter, opacity, sulfur dioxide and nitrogen oxides. Since the objective of this study is to aid in the exploration of the possible risks... Concentration of persons over age 85 within the study area. . . . 11 Concentrations of nitrogen oxides on an annual average. . . . . . . . 12 Concentration of sulfur dioxide on an annual average. . . . . . . . . . . 48 49 50 13 Spring dispersion of NO...

Archer, Jeffrey Keith

1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

314

Ris-M-2751 X-Ray Energy Dispersive  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

(PHOT) k«V 50 Risø National Laboratory, DK-4000 Roskilde, Denmark October 1988 #12;Ris*-M-2751 X-ray energy is impinging on the sample (Fig. lb). Its wavelength (photon energy) is in the course of measurements changedm ii. S Risø-M-2751 X-Ray Energy Dispersive Diffraction Lecture Notes Bronislaw Buras BaKo 30 40 E

315

Spatial Dispersion of Peering Clusters in the European Internet  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

.1777 Madrid, Spain -0.04 0.00485 -1.9773 dispersed FICIX -0.0673 Helsinki, Finland -0.07692 0.02584 0.05993 random GIGAPIX 0.01981 Lisbon, Portugal -0.07143 0.01928 0.65701 random GN-IX -0.1898 Groningen, Netherlands -0.125 0.03914 -0.3274 random INEX -0...

D'Ignazio, Alessio; Giovannetti, Emanuele

2006-03-14T23:59:59.000Z

316

Global regularity of critical Schrdinger maps: subthreshold dispersed energy  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We consider the energy-critical Schroedinger map initial value problem with smooth initial data from R^2 into the sphere S^2. Given sufficiently energy-dispersed data with subthreshold energy, we prove that the system admits a unique global smooth solution. This improves earlier analogous conditional results. The key behind this improvement lies in exploiting estimates on the commutator of the Schroedinger map and harmonic map heat flows.

Paul Smith

2012-12-19T23:59:59.000Z

317

Simulation of miscible displacement in soils and sensitivity to the dispersion coefficient  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

in the porous media to the magnitude of the dispersion coefficient in the diffusion-type dispersion equation. Three simulation models were developed. One was capable of simulating unsaturated vertical infiltration of water into a homo- geneous, isotropic... porous media. The second simulated saturated dispersion of solutes during the steady state flow of water through homogeneous, isotropic porous media. The third general dispersion simulation model combined the aforementioned two and was capable...

Smajstrla, Allen George

1973-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

318

Wave front dispersion due to fluid-structure interaction in long liquid-filled pipelines  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

and dispersion than the corresponding standard water-hammer calculations. The reason is that a number of effects

Eindhoven, Technische Universiteit

319

Non-Darcian forced convection in porous media with anisotropic dispersion  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Convective heat transfer in a particle packed tube is modeled in this paper. Axial and radial dispersion are both included in the governing equations. Results are compared with experimental data, and with previously developed models that did not include axial dispersion. It is shown that heat transfer in the thermally developing region is affected by axial dispersion when Peclet number is smaller than 10. Graphic results are provided to show the importance of axial dispersion for various Peclet numbers. 17 refs., 5 figs.

Adnani, P.; Catton, I.; Abdou, M.A. [Univ. of California, Los Angeles, CA (United States)

1995-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

320

1-D profiling using highly dispersive guided waves  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Corrosion is one of the industries major issues regarding the integrity of assets. Currently, inspections are conducted at regular intervals to ensure a sufficient integrity level of these assets. Cost reduction while maintaining a high level of reliability and safety of installations is a major challenge. There are many situations where the actual defect location is not accessible, e.g., a pipe support or a partially buried pipe. Guided wave tomography has been developed to reconstruct the wall thickness of steel pipes. In case of bottom of the line corrosion, i.e., a single corrosion pit, a simpler approach may be followed. Data is collected in a pitch-catch configuration at the 12 o'clock position using highly dispersive guided waves. After dispersion correction the data collapses to a short pulse, any residual dispersion indicates wall loss. The phase spectrum is used to invert for the wall thickness profile in the circumferential direction, assuming a Gaussian defect profile. The approach is evaluated on numerically simulated and on measured data. The method is intended for rapid, semi-quantitative screening of pipes.

Volker, Arno; Zon, Tim van [TNO, Stieltjesweg 1, P.O. box 155 2600 AD Delft (Netherlands)

2014-02-18T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "dispersion manifolds perforated" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


321

A Dispersive Treatment of $K_{\\ell4}$ Decays  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

$K_{\\ell4}$ decays offer several reasons of interest: they allow an accurate measurement of $\\pi\\pi$-scattering lengths; they provide the best source for the determination of some low-energy constants of ChPT; one form factor is directly related to the chiral anomaly, which can be measured here. We present a dispersive treatment of $K_{\\ell4}$ decays that provides a resummation of $\\pi\\pi$- and $K\\pi$-rescattering effects. The free parameters of the dispersion relation are fitted to the data of the high-statistics experiments E865 and NA48/2. The matching to ChPT at NLO and NNLO enables us to determine the LECs $L_1^r$, $L_2^r$ and $L_3^r$. With recently published data from NA48/2, the LEC $L_9^r$ can be determined as well. In contrast to a pure chiral treatment, the dispersion relation describes the observed curvature of one of the form factors, which we understand as a rescattering effect beyond NNLO.

Colangelo, Gilberto; Stoffer, Peter

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

322

Participatory Sensing in Commerce: Using Mobile Camera Phones to Track Market Price Dispersion  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Participatory Sensing in Commerce: Using Mobile Camera Phones to Track Market Price Dispersion In economics, price dispersion refers to the price difference of a homogeneous good across different vendors. According to [1] "The empirical evidence suggests that price dispersion in both online and offline markets

Bulusu, Nirupama

323

Linear wave dispersion laws in unmagnetized relativistic plasma: Analytical and numerical results  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

cases sufficient for describing the wave motion. The power of these dispersion laws residesLinear wave dispersion laws in unmagnetized relativistic plasma: Analytical and numerical results, SE-751 21 Uppsala, Sweden Received 22 August 2000; accepted 30 January 2001 In this paper dispersion

324

Creation of the model and implementation of the simulation of dispersion of air pollution in urban  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Creation of the model and implementation of the simulation of dispersion of air pollution in urban..............................................................................................................1 1.2. Types of models of dispersion of air pollution was creation of the mathematical model and application of the simulation of dispersion of vehicular air

Bargiela, Andrzej

325

Breeding Dispersal and Nesting Behavior of Burrowing Owls Following Experimental Nest1 D. H. CATLIN1  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Breeding Dispersal and Nesting Behavior of Burrowing Owls Following Experimental Nest1 Predation2 3 97331, dan.rosenberg@oregonstate.edu7 ABSTRACT8 Nest predation is considered a primary factor affecting the hypothesis that nest predation would10 increase dispersal probability, dispersal distance and the frequency

Rosenberg, Daniel K.

326

Automated 3D Rigid Registration of Open 2D Manifolds Sune Darkner1,2, Martin Vester-Christensen1, Rasmus Larsen1, Claus Nielsen2, Rasmus R. Paulsen2  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Automated 3D Rigid Registration of Open 2D Manifolds Sune Darkner1,2, Martin Vester-Christensen1 on the boundary of open surfaces so this is not the right choice for our data. Corresponding author: Sune Darkner

327

AHF: Array-Based Half-Facet Data Structure for Mixed-Dimensional and Non-Manifold Meshes  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We present an Array-based Half-Facet mesh data structure, or AHF, for efficient mesh query and modification operations. The AHF extends the compact array-based half-edge and half-face data structures (T.J. Alumbaugh and X. Jiao, Compact array-based mesh data structures, IMR, 2005) to support mixed-dimensional and non-manifold meshes. The design goals of our data structure include generality to support such meshes, efficiency of neighborhood queries and mesh modification, compactness of memory footprint, and facilitation of interoperability of mesh-based application codes. To accomplish these goals, our data structure uses sibling half-facets as a core abstraction, coupled with other explicit and implicit representations of entities. A unique feature of our data structure is a comprehensive implementation in MATLAB, which allows rapid prototyping, debugging, testing, and deployment of meshing algorithms and other mesh-based numerical methods. We have also developed C++ implementation built on top of MOAB (T.J. Tautges, R. Meyers, and K. Merkley, MOAB: A Mesh-Oriented Database, Sandia National Laboratories, 2004). We present some comparisons of the memory requirements and computational costs, and also demonstrate its effectiveness with a few sample applications.

Dyedov, Volodymyr; Ray, Navamita; Einstein, Daniel R.; Jiao, Xiangmin; Tautges, T.

2014-08-31T23:59:59.000Z

328

Development of a coal-fueled Internal Manifold Heat Exchanger (IMHEX reg sign ) molten carbonate fuel cell  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The design of a CGMCFC electric generation plant that will provide a cost of eletricity (COE) which is lower than that of current electric generation technologies and which is competitive with other long-range electric generating systems is presented. This effort is based upon the Internal Manifold Heat Exchanger (IMHEX) technology as developed by the Institute of Gas Technology (IGT). The project was executed by selecting economic and performance objectives for alternative plant arrangements while considering process constraints identified during IMHEX fuel cell development activities at ICT. The four major subsystems of a coal-based MCFC power plant are coal gasification, gas purification, fuel cell power generation and the bottoming cycle. The design and method of operation of each subsystem can be varied, and, depending upon design choices, can have major impact on both the design of other subsystems and the resulting cost of electricity. The challenge of this project was to select, from a range of design parameters, those operating conditions that result in a preferred plant design. Computer modelling was thus used to perform sensitivity analyses of as many system variables as program resources and schedules would permit. In any systems analysis, it is imperative that the evaluation methodology be verifiable and comparable. The TAG Class I develops comparable (if imprecise) data on performance and costs for the alternative cases being studied. It identifies, from a range of options, those which merit more exacting scrutiny to be undertaken at the second level, TAG class II analysis.

Not Available

1991-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

329

Implications of various dispersants on biofilm clean up processes  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A microbiologically fouled industrial cooling water system was investigated utilizing a portable corrosion and fouling monitor according to the NACE RP0189-951 Standard. Baseline data was established and at which time the monitor was subjected to various dispersants (3) typically used for organic and microbiological deposit removal. The results of this in-field, side stream, experiment on a dynamic system will be presented. A number of key points and factors influencing the performance of the foulant clean up will also be discussed.

Beardwood, E.S.; Therrien, J.K.

1999-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

330

Extracellular Proteins Limit the Dispersal of BiogenicNanoparticles  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

High spatial-resolution secondaryion microprobespectrometry, synchrotron radiation Fourier-transform infraredspectroscopy and polyacrylamide gel analysis demonstrate the intimateassociation of proteins with spheroidal aggregates of biogenic zincsulfide nanocrystals, an example of extracellular biomineralization.Experiments involving synthetic ZnS nanoparticles and representativeamino acids indicate a driving role for cysteine in rapid nanoparticleaggregation. These findings suggest that microbially-derivedextracellular proteins can limit dispersal of nanoparticulatemetal-bearing phases, such as the mineral products of bioremediation,that may otherwise be transported away from their source by subsurfacefluid flow.

Moreau, John W.; Weber, Peter K.; Martin, Michael C.; Gilbert,Benjamin; Hutcheon, Ian D.; Banfield, Jillian F.

2007-04-27T23:59:59.000Z

331

LMFBR fuel assembly design for HCDA fuel dispersal  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A fuel assembly for a liquid metal fast breeder reactor having an upper axial blanket region disposed in a plurality of zones within the fuel assembly. The characterization of a zone is dependent on the height of the axial blanket region with respect to the active fuel region. The net effect of having a plurality of zones is to establish a dispersal flow path for the molten materials resulting during a core meltdown accident. Upward flowing molten material can escape from the core region and/or fuel assembly without solidifying on the surface of fuel rods due to the heat sink represented by blanket region pellets.

Lacko, Robert E. (North Huntingdon, PA); Tilbrook, Roger W. (Monroeville, PA)

1984-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

332

Dispersion toughened ceramic composites and method for making same  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

Ceramic composites exhibiting increased fracture toughness are produced by the simultaneous codeposition of silicon carbide and titanium disilicide by chemical vapor deposition. A mixture of hydrogen, methyltrichlorosilane and titanium tetrachloride is introduced into a furnace containing a substrate such as graphite or silicon carbide. The thermal decomposition of the methyltrichlorosilane provides a silicon carbide matrix phase and the decomposition of the titanium tetrachloride provides a uniformly dispersed second phase of the intermetallic titanium disilicide within the matrix phase. The fracture toughness of the ceramic composite is in the range of about 6.5 to 7.0 MPa..sqrt..m which represents a significant increase over that of silicon carbide.

Stinton, D.P.; Lackey, W.J.; Lauf, R.J.

1984-09-28T23:59:59.000Z

333

Dispersion toughened ceramic composites and method for making same  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

Ceramic composites exhibiting increased fracture toughness are produced by the simultaneous codeposition of silicon carbide and titanium disilicide by chemical vapor deposition. A mixture of hydrogen, methyltrichlorosilane and titanium tetrachloride is introduced into a furnace containing a substrate such as graphite or silicon carbide. The thermal decomposition of the methyltrichlorosilane provides a silicon carbide matrix phase and the decomposition of the titanium tetrachloride provides a uniformly dispersed second phase of the intermetallic titanium disilicide within the matrix phase. The fracture toughness of the ceramic composite is in the range of about 6.5 to 7.0 MPa.sqroot.m which represents a significant increase over that of silicon carbide.

Stinton, David P. (Knoxville, TN); Lackey, Walter J. (Oak Ridge, TN); Lauf, Robert J. (Oak Ridge, TN)

1986-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

334

Achromatic phase matching at third orders of dispersion  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

Achromatic phase-matching (APM) is used for efficiently multiplying the frequency of broad bandwidth light by using a nonlinear optical medium comprising a second-harmonic generation (SHG) crystal and stationary optical elements whose configuration, properties, and arrangement have been optimized to match the angular dispersion characteristics of the SHG crystal to at least the third order. These elements include prisms and diffraction gratings for directing an input light beam onto the SHG crystal such that each ray wavelength is aligned to match the phase-matching angle for the crystal at each wavelength of light to at least the third order and such that every ray wavelength overlap within the crystal.

Richman, Bruce

2003-10-21T23:59:59.000Z

335

Structure of graphene oxide dispersed with ZnO nanoparticles  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Graphene has been proposed as a promising two-dimensional nanomaterial with outstanding electronic, optical, thermal and mechanical properties for many applications. In present work a process of dispersion of graphene oxide with ZnO nanoparticles in ethanol solution with different pH values, have been studied. Samples have been characterized by XRD, SEM, PL, UV-visible spectroscopy and particles size measurement. The results analysis indicates overall improved emission spectrum. It has been observed that the average diameter of RGO (Reduced Graphene Oxide) decreases in presence of ZnO nanoparticles from 3.8?m to 0.41?m.

Yadav, Rishikesh, E-mail: rishikesh.yadav62@gmail.com; Pandey, Devendra K., E-mail: devendrakphy@gmail.com [School of Nanotechnology, Rajiv Gandhi Proudyogiki Vishwavidalaya, Bhopal, M.P. (India); Khare, P. S., E-mail: purnimaswarup@hotmail.com [Department of Physics, Rajiv Gandhi Proudyogiki Vishwavidalaya, Bhopal M.P. (India)

2014-10-15T23:59:59.000Z

336

Nonphotochemical hole burning and dispersive kinetics in amorphous solids  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Results covering burn intensities in the nW to {mu}W/cm{sup 2} range, of dispersive hole growth kinetics are reported for Oxazine 720 in glycerol glasses and polyvinyl alcohol polymer films and their deuterated analogues. A theoretical model which employs a distribution function for the hole burning rate constant based upon a Gaussian distribution for the tunnel parameter is shown to accurately describe the kinetic data. This model incorporates the linear electron-phonon coupling. A method for calculating the nonphotochemical quantum yield is presented which utilizes the Gaussian distribution of tunnel parameters. The quantum yield calculation can be extended to determine a quantum yield as a function of hole depth. The effect of spontaneous hole filling is shown to be insignificant over the burn intensity range studied. Average relaxation rates for hole burning are {approximately}8 orders of magnitude greater than for hole filling. The dispersive kinetics of hole burning are observed to be independent over the temperature range of these experiments, 1.6 to 7.0 K. 6 refs., 20 figs., 1 tab.

Kenney, M.J.

1990-09-21T23:59:59.000Z

337

Shock-Dispersed-Fuel Charges: Combustion in Chambers and Tunnels  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In previous studies we have investigated after-burning effects of a fuel-rich explosive (TNT). In that case the detonation only releases about 30% of the available energy, but generates a hot cloud of fuel that can burn in the ambient air, thus evoking an additional energy release that is distributed in space and time. The current series of small-scale experiments can be looked upon as a natural generalization of this mechanism: a booster charge disperses a (non-explosive) fuel, provides mixing with air and, by means of the hot detonation products, the energy to ignite the fuel. The current version of our miniature Shock-Dispersed-Fuel (SDF) charges consists of a spherical booster charge of 0.5 g PETN, embedded in a paper cylinder of approximately 2.2 cm, which is filled with powdered fuel compositions. The main compositions studied up to now contain aluminum flakes, hydrocarbon powders like polyethylene or hexosen (sucrose) and/or carbon particles. These charges were studied in four different chambers: two cylindrical vessels of 6.6-1 and 40.5-1 volume with a height-to-diameter ratio of approximately 1, a rectangular chamber of 41 (10.5 x 10.5 x 38.6 cm) and a 299.6 cm long tunnel model with a cross section of 8 x 8 cm (volume 19.21) closed at both ends.

Neuwald, P; Reichenbach, H; Kuhl, A L

2003-04-22T23:59:59.000Z

338

Dispersion modeling and analysis for multilayered open coaxial waveguides  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This paper presents a detailed modeling and analysis regarding the dispersion characteristics of multilayered open coaxial waveguides. The study is motivated by the need of improved modeling and an increased physical understanding about the wave propagation phenomena on very long power cables which has a potential industrial application with fault localization and monitoring. The electromagnetic model is based on a layer recursive computation of axial-symmetric fields in connection with a magnetic frill generator excitation that can be calibrated to the current measured at the input of the cable. The layer recursive formulation enables a stable and efficient numerical computation of the related dispersion functions as well as a detailed analysis regarding the analytic and asymptotic properties of the associated determinants. Modal contributions as well as the contribution from the associated branch-cut (non-discrete radiating modes) are defined and analyzed. Measurements and modeling of pulse propagation on an 82 km long HVDC power cable are presented as a concrete example. In this example, it is concluded that the contribution from the second TM mode as well as from the branch-cut is negligible for all practical purposes. However, it is also shown that for extremely long power cables the contribution from the branch-cut can in fact dominate over the quasi-TEM mode for some frequency intervals. The main contribution of this paper is to provide the necessary analysis tools for a quantitative study of these phenomena.

Sven Nordebo; Gokhan Cinar; Stefan Gustafsson; Borje Nilsson

2014-02-20T23:59:59.000Z

339

Liver antioxidant and plasmatic immune responses in juvenile1 golden grey mullet (Liza aurata) exposed to dispersed crude oil2  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

) exposed to dispersed crude oil2 3 Thomas Milinkovitch1* , Awa Ndiaye2 , Wilfried Sanchez2 , Stphane Le ; CD : Chemically Dispersed oil ; D : Dispersant solution ; MD : Mechanically Dispersed oil; WSF application is an oil spill response technique. To evaluate the environmental31 cost of this operation

Paris-Sud XI, Universit de

340

Enhanced immunological and detoxification responses in Pacific oysters, Crassostrea gigas, exposed1 to chemically dispersed oil2  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

to chemically dispersed oil2 3 Luna-Acosta, A.a,* , Kanan, R.b , Le Floch, S.b , Huet, V.a , Pineau P;Abstract: The aim of this study was to evaluate the effects of chemically dispersed oil on an20 of the chemical dispersant. After 2 days of exposure to chemically dispersed28 oil, alkylated naphthalenes

Boyer, Edmond

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "dispersion manifolds perforated" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


341

Evaluation of Oxide Dispersion Strengthened (ODS) molybdenum alloys  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A series of fourteen (14) novel high-strength molybdenum alloy compositions containing a dispersion of very fine (< 1 {mu}m diameter) oxide particles were consolidated using two proprietary powder metallurgy techniques. The developmental compositions were evaluated to determine the microstructural stability and mechanical properties from cryogenic (-148{degrees}F) to elevated temperatures (4000{degrees}F) for material in the as-swaged (>98% cold work) condition and for as-swaged material in the heat treated condition. Extremely fine oxide particle sizes (<1000 {Angstrom}) were observed by Transmission Electron Microscopy (TEM) for a number of the experimental compositions in the as-swaged condition. A one hour recrystallization temperature as high as 3990{degrees}F was measured and a ductile-to-brittle transition temperature as low as {approximately}58{degrees}F for material in the recrystallized condition was determined. The preliminary results support the alloy design concept feasibility.

Bianco, R.; Buckman, R.W. Jr.

1995-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

342

Methods and apparatus for controlling dispersions of nanoparticles  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

Electrically reconfigurable metamaterial with spatially varied refractive index is proposed for applications such as optical devices and lenses. The apparatus and method comprises a metamaterial in which the refractive indices are modified in space and time by applying one or more electric fields. The metamaterials are electrically controllable and reconfigurable, and consist of metal (gold, silver, etc.) particles of different shapes, such as rods, with dimension much smaller than the wavelength of light, dispersed in a dielectric medium. The metamaterial is controlled by applying a non-uniform electric field that causes two effects: (1) It aligns the metallic anisometric particles with respect to the direction of the applied electric field and (2) It redistributes particles in space, making their local concentration position dependent.

Lavrentovich, Oleg D; Golovin, Andrii B

2014-10-21T23:59:59.000Z

343

Development of oxide dispersion strengthened ferritic steels for fusion  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

An oxide dispersion strengthened (ODS) ferritic steel with high temperature strength has been developed in line with low activation criteria for application in fusion power systems. The composition Fe-13.5Cr-2W-0.5Ti-0.25Y{sub 2}O{sup 3} was chosen to provide a minimum chromium content to insure fully delta-ferrite stability. High temperature strength has been demonstrated by measuring creep response of the ODS alloy in uniaxial tension at 650 and 900 C in an inert atmosphere chamber. Results of tests at 900 C demonstrate that this alloy has creep properties similar to other alloys of similar design and can be considered for use in high temperature fusion power system designs. The alloy selection process, materials production, microstructural evaluation and creep testing are described.

Mukhopadhyay, D.K. [Vista Metals, Inc., McKeesport, PA (United States); Froes, F.H. [Univ. of Idaho, ID (United States); Gelles, D.S. [Pacific Northwest National Lab., Richland, WA (United States)

1998-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

344

Method for dispersing catalyst onto particulate material and product thereof  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A method for dispersing finely divided catalyst precursors onto the surface of coal or other particulate material includes the steps of forming a wet paste mixture of the particulate material and a liquid solution containing a dissolved transition metal salt, for instance a solution of ferric nitrate. The wet paste mixture is in a state of incipient wetness with all of this solution adsorbed onto the surfaces of the particulate material without the presence of free moisture. On adding a precipitating agent such as ammonia, a catalyst precursor such as hydrated iron oxide is deposited on the surfaces of the coal. The catalyst is activated by converting it to the sulfide form for the hydrogenation or direct liquefaction of the coal.

Utz, Bruce R. (Pittsburgh, PA); Cugini, Anthony V. (Pittsburgh, PA)

1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

345

Urban Dispersion Program Overview and MID05 Field Study Summary  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Urban Dispersion Program (UDP) was a 4-year project (20042007) funded by the U.S. Department of Homeland Security with additional support from the Defense Threat Reduction Agency. The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) also contributed to UDP through funding a human-exposure component of the New York City (NYC) field studies in addition to supporting an EPA scientist in conducting modeling studies of NYC. The primary goal of UDP was to improve the scientific understanding of the flow and diffusion of airborne contaminants through and around the deep street canyons of NYC. The overall UDP project manager and lead scientist was Dr. Jerry Allwine of Pacific Northwest National Laboratory. UDP had several accomplishments that included conducting two tracer and meteorological field studies in Midtown Manhattan.

Allwine, K Jerry; Flaherty, Julia E.

2007-07-31T23:59:59.000Z

346

Chromatic and Dispersive Effects in Nonlinear Integrable Optics  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Proton accumulator rings and other circular hadron accelerators are susceptible to intensity-driven parametric instabilities because the zero-current charged particle dynamics are characterized by a single tune. Landau damping can suppress these instabilities, which requires energy spread in the beam or introducing nonlinear magnets such as octupoles. However, this approach reduces dynamic aperture. Nonlinear integrable optics can suppress parametric instabilities independent of energy spread in the distribution, while preserving the dynamic aperture. This novel approach promises to reduce particle losses and enable order-of-magnitude increases in beam intensity. In this paper we present results, obtained using the Lie operator formalism, on how chromaticity and dispersion affect particle orbits in integrable optics. We conclude that chromaticity in general breaks the integrability, unless the vertical and horizontal chromaticities are equal. Because of this, the chromaticity correcting magnets can be weaker ...

Webb, Stephen D; Valishev, Alexander; Nagaitsev, Sergei N; Danilov, Viatcheslav V

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

347

A model for P-wave attenuation and dispersion in a porous medium ...  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

instances, natural fractures control the permeability of the reservoir, and hence ... of attenuation and dispersion due to wave-induced fluid flow between pores in...

lll

2005-09-05T23:59:59.000Z

348

E-Print Network 3.0 - aerosol bolus dispersion Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

; Environmental Sciences and Ecology 94 ATOC 3500CHEM 3151 March 31, 2011 Geoengineering Summary: , dispersed due to ocean circulation Stratospheric Sulfur Aerosols 1. SO2...

349

Competition-dispersal tradeoff ecologically differentiates recently speciated marine bacterioplankton populations  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Although competitiondispersal tradeoffs are commonly invoked to explain species coexistence for animals and plants in spatially structured environments, such mechanisms for coexistence remain unknown for microorganisms. ...

Yawata, Yutaka

350

Dispersal of planets hosted in binaries, transitional members of multiple star systems  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This paper explains why planets in binary star systems might have a lower frequency. A transient triple state of the binary causes the dispersal of planets.

F. Marzari; M. Barbieri

2007-07-04T23:59:59.000Z

351

Extensional rheology of shear-thickening fumed silica nanoparticles dispersed in an aqueous polyethylene  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

polyethylene oxide solution Sunilkumar Khandavalli and Jonathan P. Rothsteina) Mechanical and Industrial rheology of fumed silica nanoparticles dispersed in an aqueous polyethylene oxide (PEO) solution

Rothstein, Jonathan

352

E-Print Network 3.0 - aerosil dispersed liquid Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

ance with this, 8CB in aerosils dispersions do... to random porous media such as aerogels and aerosil ... Source: Ecole Polytechnique, Centre de mathmatiques Collection:...

353

animal-mediated seed dispersal: Topics by E-print Network  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Stouffer, School of Biological Sciences, Univ. of Canterbury, Univ. of Extremadura, Av. Virgen del Puerto 2, ES-10600 Plasencia, Spain. Seed dispersal by animals Stouffer, Daniel...

354

E-Print Network 3.0 - amplified dispersive fourier Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Collection: Engineering ; Materials Science 33 Broad band p-Ge optical amplifier of terahertz radiation A. V. Muravjov and S. H. Withers Summary: is undistorted by dispersion...

355

Combustion of Shock-Dispersed Fuels in a Chamber  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In previous studies we have investigated after-burning effects of a fuel-rich explosive (TNT). In that case the detonation only releases about 30 % of the available energy, but generates a hot cloud of fuel that can burn in the ambient air, thus evoking an additional energy release that is distributed in space and time. The current series of small-scale experiments can be looked upon as a natural generalization of this mechanism: a booster charge disperses a (non-explosive) fuel, provides mixing with air and - by means of the hot detonation products - energy to ignite the fuel. The current version of our miniature Shock-Dispersed-Fuel (SDF) charges consists of a spherical booster charge of 0.5 g PETN, embedded in a paper cylinder of approximately 2.2 cm3, which is filled with powdered fuel compositions. The main compositions studied up to now contain aluminum powder, hydrocarbon powders like polyethylene or sucrose and/or carbon particles. These charges were studied in three different chambers of 4-1, 6.6-1 and 40.5-1 volume. In general, the booster charge was sufficient to initiate burning of the fuel. This modifies the pressure signatures measured with a number of wall gages and increases the quasi-static overpressure level obtained in the chambers. On the one hand the time-scale and the yield of the pressure rise depend on the fuel and its characteristics. On the other hand they also depend on the flow dynamics in the chamber, which is dominated by shock reverberations, and thus on the chamber geometry and volume. The paper gives a survey of the experimental results and discusses the possible influences of some basic parameters.

Neuwald, P; Reichenbach, H; Kuhl, A L

2003-04-23T23:59:59.000Z

356

Ni-dispersed fullerenes: Hydrogen storage and desorption properties Weon Ho Shin and Seong Ho Yang  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Ni-dispersed fullerenes: Hydrogen storage and desorption properties Weon Ho Shin and Seong Ho Yang could be viable alternatives to reversible hydrogen storage. It is demonstrated that a single Ni coated-dispersed fullerenes are considered to be the novel hydrogen storage media capable of storing 6.8 wt % H2, thus

Goddard III, William A.

357

TRANSIENT ABSORPTION AND STIMULATED EMISSION OF THE ORGANIC DYE "DISPERSE ORANGE 11"  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

TRANSIENT ABSORPTION AND STIMULATED EMISSION OF THE ORGANIC DYE "DISPERSE ORANGE 11" By BRENT F this work. iii #12;TRANSIENT ABSORPTION AND STIMULATED EMISSION OF THE ORGANIC DYE "DISPERSE ORANGE 11 The development of laser and optical amplifier systems based on organic laser-dye- doped materials is a rapidly

Collins, Gary S.

358

Price Dispersion in the Housing Market: The Role of Bargaining and Search Costs  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Price Dispersion in the Housing Market: The Role of Bargaining and Search Costs Gaetano Lisi a basic fact of housing markets: price dispersion. The variance in house prices is basically due to both the deal. Furthermore, the house price is substantially determined by bargaining between the parties

Boyer, Edmond

359

The Role of Dispersion in Radionuclide Transport - Data and Modeling Requirements: Revision No. 1  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This document is the collaborative effort of the members of an ad hoc subcommittee of the Underground Test Area Project Technical Working Group. This subcommittee was to answer questions and concerns raised by the Nevada Division of Environmental Protection to the U.S. Department of Energy, National Nuclear Security Administration Nevada Site Office, regarding Pahute Mesa Corrective Action Units (CAUs) 101 and 102. The document attempts to synthesize the combined comments made by each member of this subcommittee into insights made in the role of dispersion in radionuclide transport data and modeling. Dispersion is one of many processes that control the concentration of radionuclides in groundwater beneath the Nevada Test Site where CAUs 101 and 102 are located. In order to understand the role of dispersion in radionuclide transport, there is a critical need for CAU- or site-specific data related to transport parameters which is currently lacking, particularly in the case of Western a nd Central Pahute Mesa. The purpose of this technical basis document is to: (1) define dispersion and its role in contaminant transport, (2) present a synopsis of field-scale dispersion measurements, (3) provide a literature review of theories to explain field-scale dispersion, (4) suggest approaches to account for dispersion in CAU-scale radionuclide modeling, and (5) to determine if additional dispersion measurements should be made at this time.

Stoller-Navarro Joint Venture

2004-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

360

Piston Dispersive Shock Wave Problem M. A. Hoefer,1,* M. J. Ablowitz,2  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Piston Dispersive Shock Wave Problem M. A. Hoefer,1,* M. J. Ablowitz,2 and P. Engels3 1 National University, Pullman, Washington 99164, USA (Received 24 October 2007; published 28 February 2008) The piston solutions are calculated for a piston (step potential) moving with uniform speed into a dispersive fluid

Hoefer, Mark

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "dispersion manifolds perforated" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


361

Dispersion measurement as a method of quantifying geologic characterization and defining reservoir heterogeneity. Final report  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The main objective of this research project is to investigate dispersion as a method of quantifying geological characterization and defining reservoir heterogeneity in order to enhance crude oil recovery. The dispersion of flow of a reservoir rock (dispersion coefficient and dispersivity) was identified as one of the physical properties of a reservoir rock by measuring the mixing of two miscible fluids, one displacing the other in a porous medium. A rock was 100% saturated with a resident fluid and displaced by a miscible fluid of equal viscosity and equal density. Some specific experiments were performed with unequal densities. Produced fluid was analyzed by refractometer, nuclear reaction, electrical conductivity and X-ray scan. Several physical and flow characteristics were measured on the sand rock sample in order to establish correlations with the measured dispersion property. Absolute permeability, effective porosity, relative permeability, capillary pressure, the heterogeneity factor and electrical conductivity were used to better understand the flow system. Linear, transverse, 2-D and 3-D dispersions were measured and used to characterize the rock heterogeneity of the flow system. A new system of measuring dispersion was developed using a gas displacing gas system in a porous medium. An attempt was also made to determine the dispersion property of an actual reservoir from present day well log data on a producing well. 275 refs., 102 figs., 17 tabs.

Menzie, D.E.

1995-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

362

Adaptive all-order dispersion compensation of ultrafast laser pulses using dynamic spectral holography  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Adaptive all-order dispersion compensation of ultrafast laser pulses using dynamic spectral-1396 Received 14 July 1999; accepted for publication 24 September 1999 The time-varying dispersion of ultrafast laser pulses can be self-adaptively stabilized using real-time dynamic spectral holography

Nolte, David D.

363

Title of dissertation: Dispersion of ion gyrocenters in models of anisotropic plasma turbulence  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

ABSTRACT Title of dissertation: Dispersion of ion gyrocenters in models of anisotropic plasma Department of Physics Turbulent dispersion of ion gyrocenters in a magnetized plasma is studied gradient, the focus is on transport parallel to the shear flow. The prescribed flow produces strongly

Anlage, Steven

364

Population Ecology at the Range Edge Survival and Dispersal of a High-Density Lepidopteran  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Population Ecology at the Range Edge Survival and Dispersal of a High-Density Lepidopteran Population Cecilia Ronnås Faculty of Natural Resources and Agricultural Sciences Department of Ecology Service/Repro, Uppsala 2011 #12;Population Ecology at the Range Edge. Survival and Dispersal of a High

365

Telescopic Time-Scale Bridging for Modeling Dispersion in Rapidly Oscillating Flows  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Telescopic Time-Scale Bridging for Modeling Dispersion in Rapidly Oscillating Flows Ram K between the oscillation and dispersion time scales. Here, we present a methodology based on an implicit introduced errors. The error was found to decrease with mesh refinement, but a small inherent error

Zakhor, Avideh

366

An Algorithm for ODES from Atmospheric Dispersion I. Ahmad and M. Berzins  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

An Algorithm for ODES from Atmospheric Dispersion Problems. I. Ahmad and M. Berzins School of ordinary differential equations o.d.e.s, arising from atmospheric dispersion problems is considered to illustrate the performance of the method. 1 Introduction. The increasing level of air pollution makes it ever

Utah, University of

367

Harmonic phase-dispersion microscope with a MachZehnder interferometer  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Harmonic phase-dispersion microscope with a Mach­Zehnder interferometer Andrew Ahn, Changhuei Yang S. Feld Harmonic phase-dispersion microscopy (PDM) is a new imaging technique in which contrast is provided by differences in refractive index at two harmonically related wavelengths. We report a new

Fang-Yen, Christopher

368

Breeding Dispersal and Nesting Behavior of Burrowing Owls Following Experimental Nest Predation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Breeding Dispersal and Nesting Behavior of Burrowing Owls Following Experimental Nest Predation D, Corvallis 97331 ABSTRACT.--Nest predation is considered a primary factor affecting the life-history characteristics and particularly dispersal of many avian species. We tested the hypothesis that nest predation

Rosenberg, Daniel K.

369

Laboratory measurement of hydrodynamic saline dispersion within a micro-fracture network induced in granite  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Laboratory measurement of hydrodynamic saline dispersion within a micro-fracture network induced plug of Ailsa Craig micro-granite by thermal stressing, to produce an isotropic network of fractures number­dispersion relationship for the micro-fracture network is very similar to that predicted for other

370

Dispersed Repetitive DNA Has Spread to New Genomes Since Polyploid Formation in Cotton  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Dispersed Repetitive DNA Has Spread to New Genomes Since Polyploid Formation in Cotton Xin recently formed polyploid, cotton (Gossypium barbadense L.; AD genome), 83 non-cross-hybridizing DNA clones tetraploid cotton. In tetraploid cotton, FISH analysis showed that some A-genome dispersed repeats appear

Wendel, Jonathan F.

371

Surface modified coals for enhanced catalyst dispersion and liquefaction  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The aim of the study is to enhance catalyst loading and dispersion in coal for improved liquefaction by preadsorption of surfactants and catalysts on to the coal. During this reporting period, zeta potential measurements were conducted to assess the surface charge on the raw, pretreated and catalyzed coal samples. The surface area, transmission spectroscopy and luminescence intensity of the raw coal and pretreated coal samples were also determined to assess the quality of the coal surface. Across a broad range of pH values, the raw coal had an overall negative charge. Coal treated with anionic surfactant SDS maintained an overall net negative surface negative charge. The interaction between the coal and cationic surfactant DDAB caused the opposite effect resulting in a more positive coal surface charge. Although one would have expected little or no effect of the neutral surfactant Triton X-100, there appears to be some difference in the results of the raw coal and the coal treated with Triton X-100. The authors believe that the Triton not only binds to the nonpolar sites but also has a strong affinity for the polar sites through electrostatic bonding and interaction between the hydrophobic tails. The addition of molybdenum to coal pretreated with DDAB caused a reduction in the positive charge of the coal surface probably due to possible ionic interaction between the coal surface, the surfactant and the catalyst. The adsorption isotherm of the coal was characteristic of isotherms for porous samples and the surface area of the coal increased from 30 m{sup 2}/g to 77 m{sup 2}/g when washed with deionized water. This suggests coal washing may be one method of increasing the surface area for surfactant adsorption. Although the transmission measurements provided valuable information about the coal it resulted in little information on the amount of adsorbed Triton. However, the maximum solid-liquid ratio for optimum surfactant loading of Triton X-100 was determined via the UV-Vis spectrophotometer. The luminescence intensity measurements showed that the coal and surfactants luminescence weakly. No statistically significant influence was observed from the actions of the surfactants or surfactant-molybdenum catalyst. Qualitative inspection however, showed that SDS might effectively coat coal surfaces and influence catalyst dispersion. Also, catalysts appeared to be better distributed among coal particles and in finer clusters when DDAB and Triton surfactants were used.

Dr. Yaw D. Yeboah

1998-10-29T23:59:59.000Z

372

SURFACE-MODIFIED COALS FOR ENHANCED CATALYST DISPERSION AND LIQUEFACTION  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This is the final report of the Department of Energy Sponsored project DE-FGF22-95PC95229 entitled, surface modified coals for enhanced catalyst dispersion and liquefaction. The aims of the study were to enhance catalyst loading and dispersion in coal for improved liquefaction by preadsorption of surfactants and catalysts on the coal and to train and educate minority scientists in catalysts and separation science. Illinois No. 6 Coal (DEC-24) was selected for the study. The surfactants investigated included dodecyl dimethyl ethyl ammonium bromide (DDAB), a cationic surfactant, sodium dodecyl sulfate, an anionic surfactant, and Triton x-100, a neutral surfactant. Ammonium molybdate tetrahydrate was used as the molybdenum catalyst precursor. Zeta potential, BET, FTIR, AFM, UV-Vis and luminescence intensity measurements were undertaken to assess the surface properties and the liquefaction activities of the coal. The parent coal had a net negative surface charge over the pH range 2-12. However, in the presence of DDAB the negativity of the surface charge decreased. At higher concentrations of DDAB, a positive surface charge resulted. In contrast to the effect of DDAB, the zeta potential of the coal became more negative than the parent coal in the presence of SDS. Adsorption of Triton reduced the net negative charge density of the coal samples. The measured surface area of the coal surface was about 30 m{sup 2}/g compared to 77m{sup 2}/g after being washed with deionized water. Addition of the surfactants decreased the surface area of the samples. Adsorption of the molybdenum catalyst increased the surface area of the coal sample. The adsorption of molybdenum on the coal was significantly promoted by preadsorption of DDAB and SDS. Molybdenum adsorption showed that, over a wide range of concentrations and pH values, the DDAB treated coal adsorbed a higher amount of molybdenum than the samples treated with SDS. The infrared spectroscopy (FTIR) and the atomic force microscopy (AFM) also provided evidence that confirmed the adsorption of the surfactants onto the coal surface. The luminescence measurements showed that the coal and solid surfactants luminescence weakly. No statistically significant influence was observed that resulted from the action of the surfactants or surfactant-molybdenum catalyst. Interestingly, the liquefaction results produced data that indicated the use of surfactants did not significantly improve the liquefaction activity of the coal as had initially been hypothesized. The UV-adsorption tests provided evidence that suggest that this may have been due to oversaturation. Detailed discussions of the results and recommendations for future work are provided.

Dr. Yaw D. Yeboah

1999-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

373

Dispersion of swimming algae in laminar and turbulent channel flows: theory and simulations  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Algal swimming is often biased by environmental cues, e.g. gravitational and viscous torques drive cells towards downwelling fluid (gyrotaxis). In view of biotechnological applications, it is important to understand how such biased swimming affects cell dispersion in a flow. Here, we study the dispersion of gyrotactic swimming algae in laminar and turbulent channel flows. By direct numerical simulation (DNS) of cell motion within upwelling and downwelling channel flows, we evaluate time-dependent measures of dispersion for increasing values of the flow Peclet (Reynolds) numbers, Pe (Re). Furthermore, we derive an analytical `swimming Taylor-Aris dispersion' theory, using flow-dependent transport parameters given by existing microscopic models. In the laminar regime, DNS results and analytical predictions compare very well, providing the first confirmation that cells' response to flow is best described by the generalized-Taylor-dispersion microscopic model. We predict that cells drift along a channel faster th...

Croze, O A; Ahmed, M; Bees, M A; Brandt, L

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

374

A new statistical dispersion model for tracer tests and contaminant spread in porous media  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Dispersion of solutes moving in permeable media is an essential control to describe fluid flow in permeable media. Dispersion can be thought of as a spreading of a solute caused by the presence of microscopic inhomogeneities. An accurate model for dispersion is needed for accurate estimation of oil recovery efficiencies and clean up costs of subsurface contaminants. Current approaches utilizing the fickian assumption fall short in describing the real physics of spreading during a solute transport process. Numerous field investigations have shown that dispersivities measured in the field are much larger than those measured in the lab for the same type of porous material. Moreover, field measured dispersivities have been shown to be scale dependent, that is, a tracer test conducted over a longer travel path will yield a larger dispersivity value than a tracer test conducted in the same geologic formation over a shorter travel path. Numerous approaches to address this problem have been developed yet none attempted to go beyond the Fickian dispersion assumption. In this study, a convective dispersivity is introduced. New model assumes that dispersion is dimensionless and mainly determined by pore size distribution. The new model results in a spread that increases linearly with time contrary to conventional model, which predicts a mixing zone length that increases with square root of time. Therefore, new model explains the field test results that indicate increasing dispersivity with distance. The model validations are in perfect agreement with experimental results, which include; Ganapathy et al.`s slug experiment on Antolini sandstone, Handy`s radioactive tracer experiment on Alhambra sandstone, and CT experiment conducted at BDM-OK/NIPER facilities on Tallant sandstone.

Ates, H.; Kasap, E. [Univ. of Tulsa, OK (United States)

1995-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

375

Oxide Dispersion Strengthened Iron Aluminide by CVD Coated Powders  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This I &I Category2 program developed chemical vapor deposition (CVD) of iron, aluminum and aluminum oxide coated iron powders and the availability of high temperature oxidation, corrosion and erosion resistant coating for future power generation equipment and can be used for retrofitting existing fossil-fired power plant equipment. This coating will provide enhanced life and performance of Coal-Fired Boilers components such as fire side corrosion on the outer diameter (OD) of the water wall and superheater tubing as well as on the inner diameter (ID) and OD of larger diameter headers. The program also developed a manufacturing route for readily available thermal spray powders for iron aluminide coating and fabrication of net shape component by powder metallurgy route using this CVD coated powders. This coating can also be applid on jet engine compressor blade and housing, industrial heat treating furnace fixtures, magnetic electronic parts, heating element, piping and tubing for fossil energy application and automotive application, chemical processing equipment , heat exchanger, and structural member of aircraft. The program also resulted in developing a new fabrication route of thermal spray coating and oxide dispersion strengthened (ODS) iron aluminide composites enabling more precise control over material microstructures.

Asit Biswas Andrew J. Sherman

2006-09-25T23:59:59.000Z

376

Desulfurization of flue gas by the confined zone dispersion process  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This Confined Zone Dispersion (CZD) process involves injecting a finely atomized slurry of reactive lime into the ductwork of a coal-fired utility boiler. The principle of the confined zone is to form a wet zone of slurry droplets in the middle of the duct confined in an envelope of hot gas between the wet zone and the duct walls. The lime slurry reacts with part of the sulfur dioxide (SO{sub 2}) in the gas, and the reaction products dry to form solid particles. An electrostatic precipitator (ESP) downstream from the point of injection captures the reaction products, along with the fly ash entrained in the flue gas. The purpose of this project was to prove the CZD process concept by testing it on a limited scale, and then demonstrating the process on a large scale. The scope of work included projecting the cost of commercial implementation. The test facility for the proof-of-concept tests was on a scale equivalent to a 7 MWe generating plant. The large-scale demonstration was made on a scale of 70 MWe. This report describes how data from the two test sites were correlated, and presents conceptual designs for two full-scale retrofit installations. The rationale and data supporting the conclusions are also given in Part 4.

Not Available

1989-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

377

Nucleon-Nucleon Interactions from Dispersion Relations: Coupled Partial Waves  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We consider nucleon-nucleon interactions from chiral effective field theory applying the N/D method. The case of coupled partial waves is now treated, extending Ref. [1] where the uncoupled case was studied. As a result three N/D elastic-like equations have to be solved for every set of three independent partial waves coupled. As in the previous reference the input for this method is the discontinuity along the left-hand cut of the nucleon-nucleon partial wave amplitudes. It can be calculated perturbatively in chiral perturbation theory because it involves only irreducible two-nucleon intermediate states. We apply here our method to the leading order result consisting of one-pion exchange as the source for the discontinuity along the left-hand cut. The linear integral equations for the N/D method must be solved in the presence of L - 1 constraints, with L the orbital angular momentum, in order to satisfy the proper threshold behavior for L>= 2. We dedicate special attention to satisfy the requirements of unitarity in coupled channels. We also focus on the specific issue of the deuteron pole position in the 3S1-3D1 scattering. Our final amplitudes are based on dispersion relations and chiral effective field theory, being independent of any explicit regulator. They are amenable to a systematic improvement order by order in the chiral expansion.

M. Albaladejo; J. A. Oller

2012-10-02T23:59:59.000Z

378

Cryogenic properties of dispersion strengthened copper for high magnetic fields  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Cold deformed copper matrix composite conductors, developed for use in the 100 tesla multi-shot pulsed magnet at the National High Magnetic Field Laboratory (NHMFL), have been characterized. The conductors are alumina strengthened copper which is fabricated by cold drawing that introduces high dislocation densities and high internal stresses. Both alumina particles and high density of dislocations provide us with high tensile strength and fatigue endurance. The conductors also have high electrical conductivities because alumina has limited solubility in Cu and dislocations have little scattering effect on conduction electrons. Such a combination of high strength and high conductivity makes it an excellent candidate over other resistive magnet materials. Thus, characterization is carried out by tensile testing and fully reversible fatigue testing. In tensile tests, the material exceeds the design criteria parameters. In the fatigue tests, both the load and displacement were measured and used to control the amplitude of the tests to simulate the various loading conditions in the pulsed magnet which is operated at 77 K in a non-destructive mode. In order to properly simulate the pulsed magnet operation, strain-controlled tests were more suitable than load controlled tests. For the dispersion strengthened coppers, the strengthening mechanism of the aluminum oxide provided better tensile and fatigue properties over convention copper.

Toplosky, V. J.; Han, K.; Walsh, R. P. [National High Magnetic Field Laboratory, Tallahassee, FL 32310 (United States); Swenson, C. A. [Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, Berkeley, CA 94720 (United States)

2014-01-27T23:59:59.000Z

379

Viscosity of alumina nanoparticles dispersed in car engine coolant  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The present paper, describes our experimental results on the viscosity of the nanofluid prepared by dispersing alumina nanoparticles (<50 nm) in commercial car coolant. The nanofluid prepared with calculated amount of oleic acid (surfactant) was tested to be stable for more than 80 days. The viscosity of the nanofluids is measured both as a function of alumina volume fraction and temperature between 10 and 50 C. While the pure base fluid display Newtonian behavior over the measured temperature, it transforms to a non-Newtonian fluid with addition of a small amount of alumina nanoparticles. Our results show that viscosity of the nanofluid increases with increasing nanoparticle concentration and decreases with increase in temperature. Most of the frequently used classical models severely under predict the measured viscosity. Volume fraction dependence of the nanofluid viscosity, however, is predicted fairly well on the basis of a recently reported theoretical model for nanofluids that takes into account the effect of Brownian motion of nanoparticles in the nanofluid. The temperature dependence of the viscosity of engine coolant based alumina nanofluids obeys the empirical correlation of the type: log ({mu}{sub nf}) = A exp(BT), proposed earlier by Namburu et al. (author)

Kole, Madhusree; Dey, T.K. [Thermophysical Measurements Laboratory, Cryogenic Engineering Centre, Indian Institute of Technology, Kharagpur 721 302 (India)

2010-09-15T23:59:59.000Z

380

First Planet Confirmation with a Dispersed Fixed-Delay Interferometer  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The Exoplanet Tracker is a prototype of a new type of fibre-fed instrument for performing high precision relative Doppler measurements to detect extra-solar planets. A combination of Michelson interferometer and medium resolution spectrograph, this low-cost instrument facilitates radial velocity measurements with high throughput over a small bandwidth (~ 300 Angstroms), and has the potential to be designed for multi-object operation with moderate bandwidths (~1000 Angstroms). We present the first planet detection with this new type of instrument, a successful confirmation of the well established planetary companion to 51 Peg, showing an rms precision of 11.5m/s over five days. We also show comparison measurements of the radial velocity stable star, Eta Cas, showing an rms precision of 7.9m/s over seven days. These new results are starting to approach the precision levels obtained with traditional radial velocity techniques based on cross-dispersed echelles. We anticipate that this new technique could have an important impact in the search for extra-solar planets.

J. C. van Eyken; J. Ge; S. Mahadevan; C. DeWitt

2003-11-24T23:59:59.000Z

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381

Federal Response Assets for a Radioactive Dispersal Device Incident  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

If a large scale RDD event where to occur in New York City, the magnitude of the problem would likely exceed the capabilities of City and State to effectively respond to the event. New York State could request Federal Assistance if the United States President has not already made the decision to provide it. The United States Federal Government has a well developed protocol to respond to emergencies. The National Response Framework (NRF) describes the process for responding to all types of emergencies including RDD incidents. Depending on the location and type of event, the NRF involves appropriate Federal Agencies, e.g., Department of Homeland Security (DHS), the Department of Energy (DOE), Environmental Protection Agency (EPA), United States Coast Guard (USCG), Department of Defense (DOD), Department of Justice (DOJ), Department of Agriculture (USDA), and Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC). The Federal response to emergencies has been refined and improved over the last thirty years and has been tested on natural disasters (e.g. hurricanes and floods), man-made disasters (oil spills), and terrorist events (9/11). However, the system has never been tested under an actual RDD event. Drills have been conducted with Federal, State, and local agencies to examine the initial (early) phases of such an event (TopOff 2 and TopOff 4). The Planning Guidance for Protection and Recovery Following Radiological Dispersal Device (RDD) and Improvised Nuclear Device (IND) incidents issued by the Department of Homeland Security (DHS) in August 2008 has never been fully tested in an interagency exercise. Recently, another exercise called Empire 09 that was situated in Albany, New York was conducted. Empire 09 consists of 3 different exercises be held in May and June, 2009. The first exercise, May 2009, involved a table top exercise for phase 1 (0-48 hours) of the response to an RDD incident. In early June, a full-scale 3- day exercise was conducted for the mid-phase response (48 hours +). A few weeks later, a one day full-scale exercise was conducted for the late phase (recovery) response to an RDD event. The lessons learned from this study are not available as of June 30, 2009. The objective of this report is to review and summarize anticipated Federal and State response actions and the roles and responsibilities of various agencies (DHS, EPA, DOE, NY-DEP, NY-DEC) with respect to decontamination issues that would arise from a radiological dispersion device (RDD), e.g., dirty bomb attack. These issues arise in the late phase of the response (48 hours and beyond) after the area has been stabilized and forensic information has been obtained. Much of the information provided in this report is taken directly from published guidance that is readily available.

Sullivan,T.

2009-06-30T23:59:59.000Z

382

Lateral solids dispersion coefficient in large-scale fluidized beds  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The design of fuel feed ports in a large-scale fluidized bed combustor depends on the fuel characteristics and lateral solids mixing. However, the reported values of the effective lateral solids dispersion coefficient (D{sub sr}) are scattered in the broad range of 0.0001-0.1 m{sup 2}/s. With the aim of predicting D{sub sr} in wider fluidized beds which is difficult to measure directly or deduce from experimental results in lab-scale facilities, a computational method is proposed. It combines the Eulerian-Granular simulation and fictitious particle tracing technique. The value of D{sub sr} is calculated based on the movement of the tracers. The effect on D{sub sr} of bed width (W) ranging from 0.4 m up to 12.8 m at different levels of superficial gas velocity (U{sub 0}) is investigated. It is found that increasing W whilst maintaining U{sub 0}, D{sub sr} initially increases markedly, then its increase rate declines, and finally it stays around a constant value. The computed values of D{sub sr} are examined quantitatively and compared with a thorough list of the measured D{sub sr} in the literature since 1980s. Agreed with the measurements performed in the pilot-scale fluidized beds, the value of D{sub sr} in wider facilities at higher fluidizing velocities is predicted to be around the order of magnitude of 0.1 m{sup 2}/s, much higher than that in lab-scale beds. Finally, the effect of D{sub sr} on the distribution of fuel particles over the cross section in fluidized beds with the specified layout of feed ports is discussed. (author)

Liu, Daoyin; Chen, Xiaoping [School of Energy and Environment, Southeast University, Nanjing 210096 (China)

2010-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

383

Dispersion engineering of high-Q silicon microresonators via thermal oxidation  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We propose and demonstrate a convenient and sensitive technique for precise engineering of group-velocity dispersion in high-Q silicon microresonators. By accurately controlling the surface-oxidation thickness of silicon microdisk resonators, we are able to precisely manage the zero-dispersion wavelength, while simultaneously further improving the high optical quality of our devices, with the optical Q close to a million. The demonstrated dispersion management allows us to achieve parametric generation with precisely engineerable emission wavelengths, which shows great potential for application in integrated silicon nonlinear and quantum photonics.

Jiang, Wei C. [Institute of Optics, University of Rochester, Rochester, New York 14627 (United States); Zhang, Jidong [Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, University of Rochester, Rochester, New York 14627 (United States); Usechak, Nicholas G. [Air Force Research Laboratory, Wright-Patterson AFB, Ohio 45433 (United States); Lin, Qiang, E-mail: qiang.lin@rochester.edu [Institute of Optics, University of Rochester, Rochester, New York 14627 (United States); Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, University of Rochester, Rochester, New York 14627 (United States)

2014-07-21T23:59:59.000Z

384

Integral method for the calculation of Hawking radiation in dispersive media I. Symmetric asymptotics  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Hawking radiation has become experimentally testable thanks to the many analogue systems which mimic the effects of the event horizon on wave propagation. These systems are typically dominated by dispersion, and give rise to a numerically soluble and stable ODE only if the rest-frame dispersion relation $\\Omega^{2}(k)$ is a polynomial of relatively low degree. Here we present a new method for the calculation of wave scattering in a one-dimensional medium of arbitrary dispersion. It views the wave equation as an integral equation in Fourier space, which can be solved using standard and efficient numerical techniques.

Scott Robertson; Ulf Leonhardt

2014-03-27T23:59:59.000Z

385

A Facile High-speed Vibration Milling Method to Water-disperse Single- walled Carbon Nanohorns  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A high-speed vibration milling (HSVM) method was applied to synthesize water dispersible single- walled carbon nanohorns (SWNHs). Highly reactive free radicals (HOOCCH2CH2 ) produced from an acyl peroxide under HSVM conditions react with hydrophobic SWNHs to produce a highly water dispersible derivative (f-SWNHs), which has been characterized in detail by spectroscopic and microscopic techniques together with thermogravimetric analysis (TGA) and dynamic light scatter- ing (DLS). The carboxylic acid functionalized, water-dispersible SWNHs material are versatile precursors that have potential applications in the biomedical area.

Shu, Chunying [Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University (Virginia Tech); Zhang, Jianfei [Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University (Virginia Tech); Sim, Jae Hyun [Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University (Virginia Tech); Burke, Brian [University of Virginia, Charlottesville; Williams, Keith A [University of Virginia, Charlottesville; Rylander, Nichole M [Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University (Virginia Tech); Campbell, Tom [Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University (Virginia Tech); Puretzky, Alexander A [ORNL; Rouleau, Christopher M [ORNL; Geohegan, David B [ORNL; More, Karren Leslie [ORNL; Esker, Alan R [Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University (Virginia Tech); Gibson, Harry W [Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University (Virginia Tech); Dorn, Harry C [Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University (Virginia Tech)

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

386

Managing mobile species with MPAs: the effects of mobility, larval dispersal, and fishing mortality on closure size  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Managing mobile species with MPAs: the effects of mobility, larval dispersal, and fishing mortality. Managing mobile species with MPAs: the effects of mobility, larval dispersal, and fishing mortality to understand the interaction between larval dispersal, adult mobility, and fishing mortality. In this paper

Codling, Edward A.

387

Evolution of the Macondo Well Blowout: Simulating the Effects of the Circulation and Synthetic Dispersants on the Subsea Oil  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Dispersants on the Subsea Oil Transport Claire B. Paris,*, Matthieu Le Henaff,, Zachary M. Aman,§ Ajit assessment of the potential effect of the dispersant on the subsea-to-surface oil partition. We adapted blowouts and on gauging the subsea use of synthetic dispersant in mitigating coastal damage. INTRODUCTION

Paris-Limouzy, Claire B.

388

E-Print Network 3.0 - amplified dispersive fourier-transform...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

fourier-transform Search Powered by Explorit Topic List Advanced Search Sample search results for: amplified dispersive fourier-transform Page: << < 1 2 3 4 5 > >> 1 Pulse energy...

389

Nonreciprocal dispersion of spin waves in ferromagnetic thin films covered with a finite-conductivity metal  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We study the effect of one-side metallization of a uniform ferromagnetic thin film on its spin-wave dispersion relation in the DamonEshbach geometry. Due to the finite conductivity of the metallic cover layer on the ferromagnetic film, the spin-wave dispersion relation may be nonreciprocal only in a limited wave-vector range. We provide an approximate analytical solution for the spin-wave frequency, discuss its validity, and compare it with numerical results. The dispersion is analyzed systematically by varying the parameters of the ferromagnetic film, the metal cover layer and the value of the external magnetic field. The conclusions drawn from this analysis allow us to define a structure based on a 30?nm thick CoFeB film with an experimentally accessible nonreciprocal dispersion relation in a relatively wide wave-vector range.

Mruczkiewicz, M.; Krawczyk, M. [Faculty of Physics, Adam Mickiewicz University in Poznan, Umultowska 85, Pozna? 61-614 (Poland)

2014-03-21T23:59:59.000Z

390

Type Ia Supernova Intrinsic Magnitude Dispersion and the Fitting of Cosmological Parameters  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

I present an analysis for fitting cosmological parameters from a Hubble Diagram of a standard candle with unknown intrinsic magnitude dispersion. The dispersion is determined from the data themselves, simultaneously with the cosmological parameters. This contrasts with the strategies used to date. The advantages of the presented analysis are that it is done in a single fit (it is not iterative), it provides a statistically founded and unbiased estimate of the intrinsic dispersion, and its cosmological-parameter uncertainties account for the intrinsic dispersion uncertainty. Applied to Type Ia supernovae, my strategy provides a statistical measure to test for sub-types and assess the significance of any magnitude corrections applied to the calibrated candle. Parameter bias and differences between likelihood distributions produced by the presented and currently-used fitters are negligibly small for existing and projected supernova data sets.

Kim, Alex G

2010-12-10T23:59:59.000Z

391

Geostatistical inference of hydraulic conductivity and dispersivities from hydraulic heads and tracer data  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Geostatistical inference of hydraulic conductivity and dispersivities from hydraulic heads; accepted 25 April 2006; published 10 August 2006. [1] In groundwater, hydraulic heads and solute arrival times depend primarily on the hydraulic conductivity field and hydraulic boundary conditions. The spread

Cirpka, Olaf Arie

392

Generally covariant model of a scalar field with high frequency dispersion and the cosmological horizon problem  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Short distance structure of spacetime may show up in the form of high freqency dispersion. Although such dispersion is not locally Lorentz invariant, we show in a scalar field model how it can nevertheless be incorporated into a generally covariant metric theory of gravity provided the locally preferred frame is dynamical. We evaluate the resulting energy-momentum tensor and compute its expectation value for a quantum field in a thermal state. The equation of state differs at high temperatures from the usual one, but not by enough to impact the problems of a hot big bang cosmology. We show that a superluminal dispersion relation can solve the horizon problem via superluminal equilibration, however it cannot do so while remaining outside the Planck regime unless the dispersion relation is artificially chosen to have a rather steep dependence on wavevector.

Ted Jacobson; David Mattingly

2000-09-11T23:59:59.000Z

393

Estimating the exposure to first receivers from a contaminated victim of a radiological dispersal device detonation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The threat of a Radiological Dispersal Device (RDD) detonation arouses the concern of contaminated victims of all ages. The purpose of this study was to investigate the dose to a uniformly contaminated five-year old male. It also explores...

Phillips, Holly Anne

2009-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

394

Occupation, Dispersal, and Economic Impact of Major Invasive Plant Species in Southern U.S. Forests  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Invasive alien plants have impacted southern U.S. forests. This study focuses on quantifying current distribution, rate of dispersals, and economic losses caused by four major invaders Chinese tallow (Triadica sebifera (L.) Small), Chinese Privet...

Wang, Hsiao-Hsuan

2011-02-22T23:59:59.000Z

395

Kaon dispersion relation and flow in relativistic heavy-ion collisions  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Within the framework of a relativistic transport model (ART) for heavy-ion collisions at AGS energies, we examine the effects of a kaon dispersion relation on the transverse flow of kaons and their transverse momentum and azimuthal angle...

Li, Ba; Ko, Che Ming.

1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

396

Critical heat flux enhancement via surface modification using colloidal dispersions of nanoparticles (Nanofluids)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Nanofluids are engineered colloidal dispersions of nanoparticles (1-100nm) in common fluids (water, refrigerants, or ethanol...). Materials used for nanoparticles include chemically stable metals (e.g., gold, silver, ...

Truong, Bao H. (Bao Hoai)

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

397

Dispersion-Induced Chromatographic Waves Steven L. Bryant,*, Clint Dawson, and Cornelius J. van Duijn  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Dispersion-Induced Chromatographic Waves Steven L. Bryant,*, Clint Dawson, and Cornelius J. van Remarks by S. Bryant. Reactive trans- port through porous media is but one of many areas of science

Bryant, Steven

398

FRICTION AND WEAR STUDY OF DISPERSED PHASE INTERMETALLIC COMPOUNDS IN FERROUS MATRICES  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

rights. .j . J LBL-5771 FRICTION AND WEAR STUDY OF DISPERSEDS. THESIS) i LBL-5771 FRICTION AND WEAR STUDY OF DISPERSEDWilman, "A Theory of Friction and Wear During the Abrasion

Riddle, R.A.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

399

Diversity and productivity peak at intermediate dispersal rate in evolving metacommunities  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

LETTERS Diversity and productivity peak at intermediate dispersal rate in evolving metacommunities * Positive relationships between species diversity and productivity have been reported for a number of understanding how diversity and productivity are linked over evolutionary timescales. Here, we investigate

Hochberg, Michael

400

Efficient localization in a dispersive waveguide : applications in terrestrial continental shelves and on Europa  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Methods are developed for passive source localization and environmental parameter estimation in seismo-acoustic waveguides by exploiting the dispersive behavior of guided wave propagation. The methods developed are applied ...

Lee, Sunwoong

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "dispersion manifolds perforated" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


401

VLES Study of Flow and Dispersion Patterns in Heterogeneous Urban Areas  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. I. Introduction The threat of an intentional or non-intentional chemical/biological/nuclear (CBN, traffic) and the thermal forces (i.e. surface heating, HVAC systems) that control dispersion at this scale

Löhner, Rainald

402

Sensors and Actuators B 106 (2005) 122127 Eulerian-Lagrangian model for predicting odor dispersion using  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Sensors and Actuators B 106 (2005) 122­127 Eulerian-Lagrangian model for predicting odor dispersion-level heating from solar short wave radiation, and (2) during the evening when deep surface cooling through long

Katul, Gabriel

403

Nonlocal homogenization theory in metamaterials: effective electromagnetic spatial dispersion and artificial chirality  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We develop, from first principles, a general and compact formalism for predicting the electromagnetic response of a metamaterial with non-magnetic inclusions in the long wavelength limit, including spatial dispersion up to the second order. Specifically, by resorting to a suitable multiscale technique, we show that medium effective permittivity tensor and the first and second order tensors describing spatial dispersion can be evaluated by averaging suitable spatially rapidly-varying fields each satysifing electrostatic-like equations within the metamaterial unit cell. For metamaterials with negligible second-order spatial dispersion, we exploit the equivalence of first-order spatial dispersion and reciprocal bianisotropic electromagnetic response to deduce a simple expression for the metamaterial chirality tensor. Such an expression allows us to systematically analyze the effect of the composite spatial symmetry properties on electromagnetic chirality. We find that even if a metamaterial is geometrically achi...

Ciattoni, Alessandro

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

404

Parameter Identification for a Dispersive Dielectric in 2D Electromagnetics: Forward and Inverse  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Parameter Identification for a Dispersive Dielectric in 2D Electromagnetics: Forward and Inverse with a Debye dielectric slab and PML absorbing boundaries. This system assumes that the electric #12;Parameter

405

Model and laboratory study of dispersion in flows with submerged vegetation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Vegetation is ubiquitous in rivers, estuaries, and wetlands, strongly influencing water conveyance and mass transport. The plant canopy affects mean and turbulent flow structure, and thus both advection and dispersion. ...

Murphy, E.

406

Price dispersion in the airline industry: the effect of industry elasticity and cross-price elasticity  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This dissertation analyzes the sources of price dispersion due to the price discrimination in the U.S. airline industry. Using the multi-stage budgeting approach with the almost ideal demand system (AIDS) specification, we estimate demand for air...

Kim, Jong Ho

2009-06-02T23:59:59.000Z

407

3D Weak-Dispersion Reverse-Time Migration with a StereoModeling Method  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The finite difference method has been widely used in seismic modeling and reverse time migration. However, it generally has two issues: large computational cost and numerical dispersion. Recently, a nearly-analytic discrete ...

Li, Jingshuang

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

408

Application of Computational Fluid Dynamics in the Forced Dispersion Modeling of LNG Vapor Clouds  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The safety and security of liquefied natural gas (LNG) facilities has prompted the need for continued study of LNG mitigation systems. Water spray systems are widely recognized as an effective measure for dispersing LNG vapor clouds. Currently...

Kim, Byung-Kyu

2013-05-31T23:59:59.000Z

409

Liquefied Natural Gas (LNG) Vapor Dispersion Modeling with Computational Fluid Dynamics Codes  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Federal regulation 49 CFR 193 and standard NFPA 59A require the use of validated consequence models to determine the vapor cloud dispersion exclusion zones for accidental liquefied natural gas (LNG) releases. For modeling purposes, the physical...

Qi, Ruifeng

2012-10-19T23:59:59.000Z

410

Microstructure-Based Computational Modeling of TRIP Steels with Dispersed Particles  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

in this study. The ideas surrounding the behavior of transformation induced plasticity (TRIP) steels and particle reinforced composites are combined and investigated. A finite element model (FEM) is created to investigate the effects of dispersed ceramic...

Diaz, Sara Cristina

2012-10-19T23:59:59.000Z

411

Theory of acoustic attenuation, dispersion, and pulse propagation in unconsolidated granular materials including  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Theory of acoustic attenuation, dispersion, and pulse propagation in unconsolidated granular of particles in contact with a new, rough-surface, random-packing model of mineral grains in unconsolidated

Buckingham, Michael

412

E-Print Network 3.0 - air pollutant dispersion Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Search Sample search results for: air pollutant dispersion Page: << < 1 2 3 4 5 > >> 1 Air Pollution Physics and Chemistry EAS 6790 Monday, Wednesday, Friday 2:05 to 2:55...

413

12.141 Electron Microprobe Analysis by Wavelength Dispersive X-ray Spectrometry, January (IAP) 2006  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Introduction to the theory of x-ray microanalysis through the electron microprobe including ZAF matrix corrections. Techniques to be discussed are wavelength and energy dispersive spectrometry, scanning backscattered ...

Chatterjee, Nilanjan

414

Thermal non-equilibrium in dispersed flow film boiling in a vertical tube  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The departure from thermal equilibrium between a dispersed liquid phase and its vapor at high quality during film boiling is investigated, The departure from equilibruim is manifested by the high resistance to heat transfer ...

Forslund, Robert Paul

1966-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

415

Flow Intermittency, Dispersion, and Correlated Continuous Time Random Walks in Porous Media  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We study the intermittency of fluid velocities in porous media and its relation to anomalous dispersion. Lagrangian velocities measured at equidistant points along streamlines are shown to form a spatial Markov process. ...

de Anna, Pietro

416

Field and laboratory observations of small-scale dispersion in wetlands  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Estimating longitudinal dispersion in wetlands is a necessary first step in predicting the behavior of dissolved species and suspended particles. However, many processes are involved, and they can interact in nonlinear ...

Lightbody, Anne F. (Anne Fraser), 1977-

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

417

Nest distribution varies with dispersal method and familiarity-mediated aggression for two sympatric ants  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Nest distribution varies with dispersal method and familiarity-mediated aggression for two foraging effort, nest spatial distribution and aggression of two sympatric ant species that differ similar foraging strategies, they differ in nest distribution and aggressive behaviour. The spatial

Alvarez, Nadir

418

The evolution of dispersion in the sibilants of the Scandinavian languages  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This dissertation investigates the evolution of dispersion in sound inventories by extending Boersma & Hamanns (2008) model to the sibilant inventories of some of the modern Scandinavian languages. I show that the Icelandic and central Swedish...

Williams, Paul Jonathan

2012-11-28T23:59:59.000Z

419

Laboratory investigation of lateral dispersion within dense arrays of randomly distributed cylinders at transitional Reynolds number  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Relative (effective) lateral dispersion of a passive solute was examined at transitional Reynolds numbers within a two-dimensional array of randomly distributed circular cylinders of uniform diameter d. The present work ...

Nepf, Heidi

420

INVESTIGATION OF THE THERMOCHROMIC PROPERTIES OF POLYTHIOPHENES DISPERSED IN HOST POLYMERS  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. DSC measurements were made on a TA instruments DSC Q100 with refrigerated cooling system. Microscopy techniques, as described below, to investigate the polythiophene dispersions. The analytical techniques allow

Euler, William B.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "dispersion manifolds perforated" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


421

Crab dispersion and its impact on the CERN Large Hadron Collider collimation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Crab cavities are proposed to be used for a luminosity upgrade of the Large Hadron Collider (LHC). Crab cavities are rf cavities operated in a transverse dipole mode, which imparts on the beam particles a transverse kick that varies with the longitudinal position along the bunch. The crab cavity introduces another kind of dispersion to the particles which is z dependent, and thus could complicate the beam dynamics and have an impact on the LHC collimation system. As for LHC, the off-momentum beta-beat and dispersion-beat already compromise the performance of the collimation system; the crab dispersion introduced by global crab cavities might do the same, and should be carefully evaluated. In this paper, we present a definition for the crab dispersion, and study its impact on the LHC collimation system.

Sun, P; Toms, R; Zimmermann, F

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

422

Air dispersion modeling of particulate matter from ground-level area sources  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

State Air Pollution Regulatory Agencies (SAPRAs) often use dispersion modeling to predict downwind concentrations of particulate matter (PM) from a facility. As such, a facility may be granted or denied an operating permit based on the results...

Meister, Michael Todd

2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

423

Method for in situ characterization of a medium of dispersed matter in a continuous phase  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A method is described for the in situ characterization of a medium of a dispersed phase in a continuous phase, including the steps of adding a fluorescent dye to one phase capable of producing fluorescence therein when the fluorescent dye is optically excited, optically exciting the fluorescent dye at a wavelength to produce fluorescence in the one phase, and monitoring the fluorescence to distinguish the continuous phase from the dispersed phase. 2 figs.

Kaufman, E.N.

1995-03-07T23:59:59.000Z

424

Effect of support on catalytic behavior of dispersed rhodium for hydrocarbon hydrogenolyses  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

EFFFCT OF SUPPORT ON CATALYTIC BEHAVIOR OF DISPERSED RHODIUM POR HYDROCARBON HYDROGENOLYSES A Thesis AMINA ARMED KHAL'lFA Submi I ted to the Graduate College of Texas AKM University in partial full illment of the requirement for the degree... of MASTER OF SCIENCE December 1986 Major Subject: Chemistry EFFECT OF SUPPORT ON CATALYTIC BEHAVIOR OF DISPERSED RHODIUM FOR HYDROCARBON HYDROGENOLYSES A Thesis by AMINA AHMED KHALIFA Approved as to style and content by: M. P. osynek (Chairman...

Khalifa, Amina Ahmed

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

425

Origin of Scale-Dependent Dispersivity and Its Implications For Miscible Gas Flooding  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Dispersive mixing has an important impact on the effectiveness of miscible floods. Simulations routinely assume Fickian dispersion, yet it is well established that dispersivity depends on the scale of measurement. This is one of the main reasons that a satisfactory method for design of field-scale miscible displacement processes is still not available. The main objective of this project was to improve the understanding of the fundamental mechanisms of dispersion and mixing, particularly at the pore scale. To this end, microsensors were developed and used in the laboratory to measure directly the solute concentrations at the scale of individual pores; the origin of hydrodynamic dispersion was evaluated from first principles of laminar flow and diffusion at the grain scale in simple but geometrically completely defined porous media; techniques to use flow reversal to distinguish the contribution to dispersion of convective spreading from that of true mixing; and the field scale impact of permeability heterogeneity on hydrodynamic dispersion was evaluated numerically. This project solved a long-standing problem in solute transport in porous media by quantifying the physical basis for the scaling of dispersion coefficient with the 1.2 power of flow velocity. The researchers also demonstrated that flow reversal uniquely enables a crucial separation of irreversible and reversible contributions to mixing. The interpretation of laboratory and field experiments that include flow reversal provides important insight. Other advances include the miniaturization of long-lasting microprobes for in-situ, pore-scale measurement of tracers, and a scheme to account properly in a reservoir simulator (grid-block scale) for the contributions of convective spreading due to reservoir heterogeneity and of mixing.

Steven Bryant; Russ Johns; Larry Lake; Thomas Harmon

2008-09-30T23:59:59.000Z

426

Method for in situ characterization of a medium of dispersed matter in a continuous phase  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A method for in situ characterization of a medium of a dispersed phase in a continuous phase, including the steps of adding a fluorescent dye to one phase capable of producing fluorescence therein when the fluorescent dye is optically excited, optically exciting the fluorescent dye at a wavelength to produce fluorescence in the one phase, and monitoring the fluorescence to distinguish the continuous phase from the dispersed phase.

Kaufman, Eric N. (Knoxville, TN)

1995-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

427

Characterizing the global dispersion of carbon nanotubes in ceramic matrix nanocomposites  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The dispersion of single-walled carbon nanotubes in silicon nitride ceramic matrices has been investigated by small angle neutron scattering experiments. In contrast to electron microscopy investigations of fracture surfaces, neutron scattering measurements provide information on the bulk dispersion of nanotubes within the matrix. The scattering intensities reveal a decay exponent characteristic to surface fractals, which indicates that the predominant part of nanotubes can be found in loose networks surrounding the grains of the polycrystalline matrix.

Koszor, Orsolya; Tapaszto, Levente; Balazsi, Csaba [Research Institute for Technical Physics and Materials Science, H-1525 Budapest (Hungary); Marko, Marton [Research Institute for Solid State Physics and Optics, H-1525 Budapest (Hungary)

2008-11-17T23:59:59.000Z

428

Process for the synthesis of nanophase dispersion-strengthened aluminum alloy  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A process for fabricating dispersion-strengthened ceramic-metal composites is claimed. The process comprises in-situ interaction and chemical reaction of a metal in gaseous form with a ceramic producer in plasma form. Such composites can be fabricated with macroscopic dimensions. Special emphasis is placed on fabrication of dispersion-strengthened aluminum oxide-aluminum composites, which can exhibit flow stresses more characteristic of high strength steel.

Barbour, John C. (Albuquerque, NM); Knapp, James Arthur (Albuquerque, NM); Follstaedt, David Martin (Albuquerque, NM); Myers, Samuel Maxwell (Albuquerque, NM)

1998-12-15T23:59:59.000Z

429

Aerosol dilution and dispersion at the Nuclear Science Center confinement building  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

AEROSOL DILUTION AND DISPERSION AT THE NUCLEAR SCIENCE CENTER CONFINEMENT BUILDING A Thesis by YENNY ROSE CONTRERAS GONZALEZ Submitted to the Graduate College of Texas A&M University in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree... of MASTER OF SCIENCE December 1984 Major Subject. Nuclear Engineering AEROSOL DILUTION AND DISPERSION AT THE NUCLEAR SCIENCE CENTER CONFINEMENT BUILDING A Thesis by YENNY ROSE CONTRERAS GONZALEZ Approved as to style and content by: Gerald...

Contreras Gonzalez, Yenny Rose

1984-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

430

Heat kernel Coefficients and Divergencies of the Casimir Energy for the Dispersive Sphere  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The first heat kernel coefficients are calculated for a dispersive ball whose permittivity at high frequency differs from unity by inverse powers of the frequency. The corresponding divergent part of the vacuum energy of the electromagnetic field is given and ultraviolet divergencies are seen to be present. Also in a model where the number of atoms is fixed the pressure exhibits infinities. As a consequence, the ground-state energy for a dispersive dielectric ball cannot be interpreted easily.

M. Bordag; K. Kirsten

2001-10-24T23:59:59.000Z

431

Effects of Acclimation on Poststocking Dispersal and Physiological Condition of Age-1 Pallid Sturgeon  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A propagation program for pallid sturgeon Scaphirhynchus albus in the upper Missouri River was implemented by the U. S. Fish and Wildlife Service in 1997. Preliminary research indicated that many hatchery-reared pallid sturgeon were experiencing significant downstream poststocking dispersal, negatively affecting their recruitment. Therefore, the objective of this study was to evaluate the effects of acclimation to flow and site-specific physicochemical water conditions on poststocking dispersal and physiological condition of age-1 pallid sturgeon. Fish from three acclimation treatments were radio-tagged, released at two locations (Missouri River and Marias River), and monitored using passive telemetry stations. Marias treatment was acclimated to flow and site-specific physicochemical conditions, Bozeman treatment was acclimated to flow only, and traditional treatment had no acclimation (reared under traditional protocol). During both years fish released in the Missouri River dispersed less than fish released in the Marias River. In 2005, Marias treatment dispersed less and nearly twice as many fish remained in the Missouri River reach than traditional treatment. In 2006, pallid sturgeon dispersed similarly among treatments and fish remaining in the Missouri River reach were similar among all treatments. Differences in poststocking dispersal between years may be related to fin curl. Fin curl was present in all fish in 2005 and 27% of the fish in 2006. Pallid sturgeon from all treatments in both years had a greater affinity for the lower reaches of the Missouri River than the upper reaches. Thus, habitat at release site influenced poststocking dispersal more than acclimation treatment. No difference was observed in relative growth rate among treatments in 2006. However, acclimation to flow (i.e., exercise conditioning) may reduce liver fat content. Acclimation conditions used in this study may not benefit pallid sturgeon unless physiological maladies are present. Further, natural resource agencies need to consider stocking location carefully to reduce poststocking dispersal.

Oldenburg, Eric W.; Guy, Christopher S.; Cureton, Eli S.; Webb, Molly H.; Gardner, William M.

2011-03-28T23:59:59.000Z

432

Impact of dispersed solar and wind systems on electric distribution planning and operation  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Small-scale dispersed solar photovoltaic and wind generation (DSW) will affect the generation, transmission, and distribution systems of an electric utility. This study examines the technical and economic impacts of dispersing DSW devices within the distribution system. Dispersed intermittent generation is included. Effects of DSW devices on capital investments, reliability, operating and maintenance costs, protection requirements, and communication and control requirements are examined. A DSW operation model is developed to help determine the dependable capacity of fluctuating solar photovoltaic and wind generation as part of the distribution planning process. Specific case studies using distribution system data and renewable resource data for Southern California Edison Company and Consumers Power Company are analyzed to gain insights into the effects of interconnecting DSW devices. The DSW devices were found to offer some distribution investment savings, depending on their availability during peak loads. For a summer-peaking utility, for example, dispersing photovoltaic systems is more likely to defer distribution capital investments than dispersing wind systems. Dispersing storage devices to increase DSW's dependable capacity for distribution systems needs is not economically attractive. Substation placement of DSW and storage devices is found to be more cost effective than feeder or customer placement. Examination of the effects of DSW on distribution system operation showed that small customer-owned DSW devices are not likely to disrupt present time-current distribution protection coordination. Present maintenance work procedures, are adequate to ensure workmen's safety. Regulating voltages within appropriate limits will become more complex with intermittent generation along the distribution feeders.

Boardman, R.W.; Patton, R.; Curtice, D.H.

1981-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

433

An Algorithm for Detecting Quantum-Gravity Photon Dispersion in Gamma-Ray Bursts: DISCAN  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

DisCan is a new algorithm implementing photon dispersion cancellation in order to measure energy-dependent delays in variable sources. This method finds the amount of reversed dispersion that optimally cancels any actual dispersion present. It applies to any time- and energy-tagged photon data, and can avoid binning in both time and energy. The primary motivation here is the search for quantum gravity based dispersion in future gamma ray burst data from the Gamma Ray Large Area Space Telescope (GLAST). Extrapolation of what is know about bursts at lower energies yields a reasonable prospect that photon dispersion effects consistent with some quantum gravity formalisms may be detected in sufficiently bright bursts. Short bursts have no or very small inherent lags, and are therefore better prospects than long ones, but even they suffer systematic error due to pulse asymmetry that may yield an irreducible uncertainty. We note that data at energies higher than about 0.1 TeV may not be useful for detecting dispersion in GRBs. Of several variants of the proposed algorithm, one based on Shannon information is consistently somewhat superior to all of the others we investigated.

Jeffrey D. Scargle; Jay P. Norris; Jerry T. Bonnell

2007-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

434

Observation of time dependent dispersion in laboratory scale experiments with intact tuff  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The migration of radionuclides through intact tuff was studied using tuff from Yucca Mountain, Nevada. The tuff samples were both highly zeolitized ash-fall tuff from the Calico Hills and densely welded devitrified tuff from the Topopah Springs member of the Paintbrush tuff. Tritiated water and pertechnetate were used as conservative tracers. The sorbing tracers {sup 85}Sr, {sup 137}Cs, and {sup 133}Ba were used with the devitrified tuff only. Greater tailing in the elution curves of the densely welded tuff samples was observed that could be fit by adjusting the dispersion coefficient in the conventional Advection Dispersion Equation, ADE. The curves could be fit using time dependent dispersion as was previously observed for sediments and alluvium by Dieulin, Matheron, and de Marsily. The peak of strontium concentration was expected to arrive after 1.5 years based on the conventional ADE and assuming a linear K{sub d} of 26 ml/g. The observed elution had significant strontium in the first sample taken at 2 weeks after injection. The peak in the strontium elution occurred at 5 weeks. The correct arrival time for the strontium peak was achieved using a one dimensional analytic solution with time dependent dispersion. The dispersion coefficient as a function of time used to fit the conservative tracers was found to predict the peak arrival of the sorbing tracers. The K{sub d} used was the K{sub d} determined by the batch method on crushed tuff. 23 refs., 9 figs., 2 tabs.

Rundberg, R.S.; Triay, I.R.; Ott, M.A.; Mitchell, A.J.

1989-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

435

Nonlinear theory of resonant slow waves in anisotropic and dispersive plasmas  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The solar corona is a typical example of a plasma with strongly anisotropic transport processes. The main dissipative mechanisms in the solar corona acting on slow magnetoacoustic waves are the anisotropic thermal conductivity and viscosity. Ballai et al. [Phys. Plasmas 5, 252 (1998)] developed the nonlinear theory of driven slow resonant waves in such a regime. In the present paper the nonlinear behaviour of driven magnetohydrodynamic waves in the slow dissipative layer in plasmas with strongly anisotropic viscosity and thermal conductivity is expanded by considering dispersive effects due to Hall currents. The nonlinear governing equation describing the dynamics of nonlinear resonant slow waves is supplemented by a term which describes nonlinear dispersion and is of the same order of magnitude as nonlinearity and dissipation. The connection formulae are found to be similar to their non-dispersive counterparts.

Christopher Clack; Istvan Ballai

2008-08-23T23:59:59.000Z

436

Attempt to estimate measurement uncertainty in the Air Force Toxic Chemical Dispersion (AFTOX) model. Master's thesis  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Air Force Toxic Chemical Dispersion (AFTOX) model is a Gaussian puff dispersion model that predicts plumes, concentrations, and hazard distances of toxic chemical spills. A measurement uncertainty propagation formula derived by Freeman et al. (1986) is used within AFTOX to estimate resulting concentration uncertainties due to the effects of data input uncertainties in wind speed, spill height, emission rate, and the horizontal and vertical Gaussian dispersion parameters, and the results are compared to true uncertainties as estimated by standard deviations computed by Monte Carlo simulations. The measurement uncertainty uncertainty propagation formula was found to overestimate measurement uncertainty in AFTOX-calculated concentrations by at least 350 percent, with overestimates worsening with increasing stability and/or increasing measurement uncertainty.

Zettlemoyer, M.D.

1990-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

437

Method of producing an oxide dispersion strengthened coating and micro-channels  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

The disclosure provides a method for the production of composite particles utilizing a mechano chemical bonding process following by high energy ball milling on a powder mixture comprised of coating particles, first host particles, and second host particles. The composite particles formed have a grain size of less than one micron with grains generally characterized by a uniformly dispersed coating material and a mix of first material and second material intermetallics. The method disclosed is particularly useful for the fabrication of oxide dispersion strengthened coatings, for example using a powder mixture comprised of Y.sub.2O.sub.3, Cr, Ni, and Al. This particular powder mixture may be subjected to the MCB process for a period generally less than one hour following by high energy ball milling for a period as short as 2 hours. After application by cold spraying, the composite particles may be heat treated to generate an oxide-dispersion strengthened coating.

Kang, Bruce S; Chyu, Minking K; Alvin, Mary Anne; Gleeson, Brian M

2013-12-17T23:59:59.000Z

438

Laser capillary spectrophotometric acquisition of bivariate drop size and concentration data for liquid-liquid dispersion  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A laser capillary spectrophotometric technique measures real time or near real time bivariate drop size and concentration distribution for a reactive liquid-liquid dispersion system. The dispersion is drawn into a precision-bore glass capillary and an appropriate light source is used to distinguish the aqueous phase from slugs of the organic phase at two points along the capillary whose separation is precisely known. The suction velocity is measured, as is the length of each slug from which the drop free diameter is calculated. For each drop, the absorptivity at a given wavelength is related to the molar concentration of a solute of interest, and the concentration of given drops of the organic phase is derived from pulse heights of the detected light. This technique permits on-line monitoring and control of liquid-liquid dispersion processes. 17 figures.

Tavlarides, L.L.; Bae, J.H.

1991-12-24T23:59:59.000Z

439

Temporally propagated optical pulses, and what they reveal about dispersion handling  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

I derive a temporally propagated uni-directional optical pulse equation valid in the few cycle limit. Temporal propagation is advantageous because it naturally preserves causality, unlike the competing spatially propagated models. The approach generates exact coupled bi-directional equations, which can be efficiently approximated down to a uni-directional form in cases where an optical pulse changes little over one optical cycle. It also also allows a direct term-to-term comparison of an exact bi-directional theory with an approximate uni-directional theory. Notably, temporal propagation handles dispersion in a different way, and this difference serves to highlight existing approximations inherent in spatially propagated treatments of dispersion. Accordingly, I emphasise the need for future work in clarifying the limitations of the dispersion conversion required by these types of approaches; since the only alternative in the few cycle limit may be to resort to the much more computationally intensive full Maxw...

Kinsler, Paul

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

440

3D chaotic model for sub-grid turbulent dispersion in Large Eddy Simulations  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We introduce a 3D multiscale kinematic velocity field as a model to simulate Lagrangian turbulent dispersion. The incompressible velocity field is a nonlinear deterministic function, periodic in space and time, that generates chaotic mixing of Lagrangian trajectories. Relative dispersion properties, e.g. the Richardson's law, are correctly reproduced under two basic conditions: 1) the velocity amplitudes of the spatial modes must be related to the corresponding wavelengths through the Kolmogorov scaling; 2) the problem of the lack of "sweeping effect" of the small eddies by the large eddies, common to kinematic simulations, has to be taken into account. We show that, as far as Lagrangian dispersion is concerned, our model can be successfully applied as additional sub-grid contribution for Large Eddy Simulations of the planetary boundary layer flow.

Guglielmo Lacorata; Andrea Mazzino; Umberto Rizza

2007-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "dispersion manifolds perforated" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


441

Aerosol dispersion and coagulation from a coal-fired power plant: a three dimensional numerical model  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A computational model to simulate the dispersion and coagulation of aerosols emitted from coal-fired power plants was constructed. In modeling the dispersion of the aerosol, turbulent diffusion and wind-driven advection are treated by a finite-difference method. Molecular coagulation is incorporated in the model to follow shifts in the particle-size distribution. Particulate coagulation is mathematically described by Timiskii's equation. The relevent semi-empirical work of Smirnov is incorporated in the model to provide for the coagultion constant. Input for the model is a bimodal, particle-size distribution measured at an operating coal-fired power plant. Simulations indicate that dispersion competes against coagulation mechanisms to maintain the bimodal shaped distribution for 32 km. Turbulence and particle settling tend to enchance coagulation effects. The size-dependent spatial segregation of particles within the plume is predicted.

Buckholtz, H.T.; Biermann, A.H.

1980-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

442

Charmonium spectra and dispersion relation with improved Bayesian analysis in lattice QCD  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We study the charmonium spectral functions at finite momentum and the dispersion relation of $\\eta_c$ at finite temperature. For the analysis of the spectral function, we use an extended maximum entropy method (MEM). We perform the MEM analysis for the product space of Euclidean correlators in different channels or momenta to incorporate information encoded in correlations among the Euclidean correlators in MEM. We find that this method can improve the error of the reconstructed spectral images. To study the dispersion relation, we introduce a definition of the peak position in the spectral image in which the associated error can be estimated on the basis of MEM. We find that the dispersion relation of $\\eta_c$ at finite temperature follows the Lorentz invariant form even near the dissociation temperature $T\\simeq1.7T_c$.

A. Ikeda; M. Asakawa; M. Kitazawa

2014-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

443

Dispersive Quantum Systems: a class of isolated non-time reversal quantum systems  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A "dispersive quantum system" is a quantum system which is both isolated and non-time reversal invariant. This article presents precise definitions for those concepts and also a characterization of dispersive quantum systems within the class of completely positive Markovian quantum systems in finite dimension (through a homogeneous linear equation for the non-Hamiltonian part of the system's Liouvillian). To set the framework, the basic features of quantum mechanics are reviewed focusing on time evolution and also on the theory of completely positive Markovian quantum systems, including Kossakowski-Lindblad's standard form for Liouvillians. After those general considerations, I present a simple example of dispersive two-level quantum system and apply that to describe neutrino oscillation.

Lcio Fassarella

2011-09-02T23:59:59.000Z

444

Flow and axial dispersion in a sinusoidal-walled tube: Effects of inertial and unsteady flows  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Dispersion in porous media flows has been the subject of much experimental, theoretical and numerical study. Here we consider a wavy-walled tube (a three-dimensional tube with sinusoidally-varying diameter) as a simplified conceptualization of flow in porous media, where constrictions represent pore throats and expansions pore bodies. A theoretical model for effective (macroscopic) longitudinal dispersion in this system has been developed by volume averaging the microscale velocity field. Direct numerical simulation using computational fluid dynamics (CFD) methods was used to compute velocity fields by solving the Navier-Stokes equations, and also to numerically solve the volume averaging closure problem, for a range of Reynolds numbers (Re) spanning the low-Re to inertial flow regimes, including one simulation at Re = 449 for which unsteady flow was observed. Dispersion values were computed using both the volume averaging solution and a random walk particle tracking method, and results of the two methods were shown to be consistent. Our results are compared to experimental measurements of dispersion in porous media and to previous theoretical results for the low-Re, Stokes flow regime. In the steady inertial regime we observe an power-law increase in effective longitudinal dispersion (DL) with Re, consistent with previous results. This rapid rate of increase is caused by trapping of solute in expansions due to flow separation (eddies). For the unsteady case (Re = 449), the rate of increase of DL with Re was smaller than that observed at lower Re. Velocity fluctuations in this regime lead to increased rates of solute mass transfer between the core flow and separated flow regions, thus diminishing the amount of tailing caused by solute trapping in eddies and thereby reducing longitudinal dispersion.

Richmond, Marshall C.; Perkins, William A.; Scheibe, Timothy D.; Lambert, Adam; Wood, Brian D.

2013-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

445

Rovibrational dynamics of the strontium molecule in the A^1\\Sigma_u^+, c^3\\Pi_u, and a^3\\Sigma_u^+ manifold from state-of-the-art ab initio calculations  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

State-of-the-art ab initio techniques have been applied to compute the potential energy curves for the electronic states in the A^1\\Sigma_u^+, c^3\\Pi_u, and a^3\\Sigma_u^+ manifold of the strontium dimer, the spin-orbit and nonadiabatic coupling matrix elements between the states in the manifold, and the electric transition dipole moment from the ground X^1\\Sigma_g^+ to the nonrelativistic and relativistic states in the A+c+a manifold. The potential energy curves and transition moments were obtained with the linear response (equation of motion) coupled cluster method limited to single, double, and linear triple excitations for the potentials and limited to single and double excitations for the transition moments. The spin-orbit and nonadiabatic coupling matrix elements were computed with the multireference configuration interaction method limited to single and double excitations. Our results for the nonrelativistic and relativistic (spin-orbit coupled) potentials deviate substantially from recent ab initio cal...

Skomorowski, Wojciech; Koch, Christiane P; Moszynski, Robert

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

446

Dispersion relation approach to sub-barrier heavy-ion fusion reactions  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We discuss the conditions under which the dispersion relation technique, extensively employed in the context of elastic scattering, can be used in the analysis of heavy-ion fusion reactions. General unitarity defect arguments are used for this purpose. With the aid of an inverse dispersion relation, which gives the imaginary part of the fusion inclusive polarization potential in terms of the principal part integral involving the real part of the inclusive polarization potential, the sub-barrier fusion of heavy ions is discussed. The system /sup 16/O+/sup A/Sm is taken as an example.

Franzin, V.L.M.; Hussein, M.S.

1988-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

447

MnO spin-wave dispersion curves from neutron powder diffraction  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We describe a model-independent approach for the extraction of spin-wave dispersion curves from powder neutron total scattering data. Our approach is based on a statistical analysis of real-space spin configurations to calculate spin-dynamical quantities. The RMCPROFILE implementation of the reverse Monte Carlo refinement process is used to generate a large ensemble of supercell spin configurations from MnO powder diffraction data collected at 100 K. Our analysis of these configurations gives spin-wave dispersion curves for MnO that agree well with those determined independently using neutron triple-axis spectroscopic techniques.

Goodwin, Andrew L.; Dove, Martin T. [Department of Earth Sciences, Cambridge University, Downing Street, Cambridge CB2 3EQ (United Kingdom); Tucker, Matthew G. [ISIS Facility, Rutherford Appleton Laboratory, Chilton, Didcot, Oxfordshire OX11 0QX (United Kingdom); Keen, David A. [ISIS Facility, Rutherford Appleton Laboratory, Chilton, Didcot, Oxfordshire OX11 0QX (United Kingdom); Department of Physics, Oxford University, Clarendon Laboratory, Parks Road, Oxford OX1 3PU (United Kingdom)

2007-02-15T23:59:59.000Z

448

The Effect of a Group of Obstacles on a Flow and Dispersion over a Surface  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

OTest air can have a cathaTtic effect on the otheTwise polluted enviTonment of a built-up area neaTby. Such effects have been consideTed by Gross (1987, 1988) in investigations of the consequences of defOTestation. 1.2.2 Modelling pollution dispersion... canopies 9 1.2.2 Modelling pollution dispersion within urban areas 10 1.3 Previous work on plant and urban canopies 11 1.4 Aims of this thesis 14 1.5 Definition of the model problem. 16 2 Inviscid and laminar flow through a distributed force 21 2...

Jerram, Neil

1996-06-18T23:59:59.000Z

449

THz-radiation production using dispersively-selected flat electron bunches  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We propose an alternative scheme for a tunable THz radiation source generated by relativistic electron bunches. This technique relies on the combination of dispersive selection and flat electron bunch. The dispersive selection uses a slit mask inside a bunch compressor to transform the energy-chirped electron beam into a bunch train. The flat beam transformation boosts the frequency range of the THz source by reducing the beam emittance in one plane. This technique generates narrow-band THz radiation with a tuning range between 0.2 - 4 THz. Single frequency THz spectrum can also be generated by properly choosing the slit spacing, slit width, and the energy chirp.

Thangaraj, Jayakar

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

450

Array of aligned and dispersed carbon nanotubes and method of producing the array  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

An array of aligned and dispersed carbon nanotubes includes an elongate drawn body including a plurality of channels extending therethrough from a first end to a second end of the body, where the channels have a number density of at least about 100,000 channels/mm.sup.2 over a transverse cross-section of the body. A plurality of carbon nanotubes are disposed in each channel, and the carbon nanotubes are sufficiently dispersed and aligned along a length of the channels for the array to comprise an average resistivity per channel of about 9700 .OMEGA.m or less.

Ivanov, Ilia N; Simpson, John T; Hendricks, Troy R

2013-06-11T23:59:59.000Z

451

Array of aligned and dispersed carbon nanotubes and method of producing the array  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

An array of aligned and dispersed carbon nanotubes includes an elongate drawn body including a plurality of channels extending therethrough from a first end to a second end of the body, where the channels have a number density of at least about 100,000 channels/mm.sup.2 over a transverse cross-section of the body. A plurality of carbon nanotubes are disposed in each channel, and the carbon nanotubes are sufficiently dispersed and aligned along a length of the channels for the array to comprise an average resistivity per channel of about 9700 .OMEGA.m or less.

Ivanov, Ilia N. (Knoxville, TN); Simpson, John T. (Clinton, TN); Hendricks, Troy R. (Knoxville, TN)

2012-06-19T23:59:59.000Z

452

Integral method for the calculation of Hawking radiation in dispersive media II. Asymmetric asymptotics  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Analogue gravity experiments make feasible the realisation of black hole spacetimes in a laboratory setting and the observational verification of Hawking radiation. Since such analogue systems are typically dominated by dispersion, efficient techniques for calculating the predicted Hawking spectrum in the presence of strong dispersion are required. In the preceding paper, an integral method in Fourier space is proposed for stationary $1+1$-dimensional backgrounds which are asymptotically symmetric. Here, this method is generalised to backgrounds which are different in the asymptotic regions to the left and right of the scattering region.

Scott Robertson

2014-03-27T23:59:59.000Z

453

Construction of the eta->3pi (and K->3pi) amplitudes using dispersive approach  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The dispersive approach based only on very general principles, unitarity, analyticity and crossing symmetry, combined with chiral counting enables to construct fully relativistic model-independent representations of the eta and K three-pion decays valid up to and including two-loop corrections. Here we demonstrate the procedure on the eta->3pi^0 decay. We perform possible matchings of our dispersive approach with the two-loop ChPT result and briefly discuss corresponding predictions of the Dalitz plot slope parameter alpha.

M. Zdrahal; K. Kampf; M. Knecht; J. Novotny

2009-10-09T23:59:59.000Z

454

Dispersed Phase of Non-Isothermal Particles in Rotating Turbulent Flows  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We suggest certain effects, caused by interaction between rotation and gravitation with turbulence structure, for the cooling/heating of dispersed phase of non-isothermal particles in rotating turbulent fluid flows. These effects are obtained through the derivation of kinetic or probability density function based macroscopic equations for the particles. In doing so, for one-way temperature coupling, we also show that homogeneous, isotropic non-isothermal fluid turbulence does not influence the mean temperature (though it influences mean velocity) of the dispersed phase of particles settling due to gravitational force in the isotropic turbulence.

Pandya, R V R

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

455

Observation of spin-wave dispersion in Nd-Fe-B magnets using neutron Brillouin scattering  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The low-energy spin-wave dispersion in polycrystalline Nd-Fe-B magnets was observed using neutron Brillouin scattering (NBS). Low-energy spin-wave excitations for the lowest acoustic spin-wave mode were clearly observed. From the spin-wave dispersion, we were able to determine the spin-wave stiffness constant D{sub sw} (100.0??4.9?meV.{sup 2}) and the exchange stiffness constant A (6.6 0.3 pJ/m)

Ono, K., E-mail: kanta.ono@kek.jp; Inami, N.; Saito, K.; Takeichi, Y.; Kawana, D.; Yokoo, T.; Itoh, S. [Institute of Materials Structure Science, High Energy Accelerator Research Organization (KEK), Tsukuba, Ibaraki 305-0801 (Japan); Yano, M.; Shoji, T.; Manabe, A.; Kato, A. [Toyota Motor Corporation, Toyota, Aichi 471-8571 (Japan); Kaneko, Y. [Toyota Central R and D Labs. Inc., Aichi 480-1192 (Japan)

2014-05-07T23:59:59.000Z

456

The effect of chemical dispersants on the solution of volatile liquid hydrocarbons from spilled crude oil  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

THE EFFECT OF CHEMICAL DISPERSANTS ON THE SOLUTION OF VOLATILE LIQUID HYDROCARBONS FROM SPILLED CRUDE OIL A Thesis by THOMAS JOSEPH McDONALD Submitted to the Graduate College of Texas A&M University in partial fulfillment of the requirement... for the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE August 1982 Major Subject: Oceanography THE EFFECT OF CHEMICAL DISPERSANTS ON THE SOLUTION OF VOLATILE LIQUID HYDROCARBONS FROM SPILLED CRUDE OIL A Thesis by THOMAS JOSEPH McDONALD Approved as to style and content by...

McDonald, Thomas Joseph

1982-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

457

TXLINE-2: a finite length model to simulate the dispersion of pollutants from roadways  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Modelling Near Roadways Gradient Transport Approach B. Existing Dispersion Models HIWAY-2 CALINE-3 TXLINE C. Methods of Deteimining Source Strl ngth 12 O. Methods of Testing and Compar1ng Models ties s Balance Tea t Comparison to Data l4 E. Data... Dispersion From Roadways E. Link Capabilities F. Comparison of Dispets1 on Mocieis Using Existing Data 72 Comparison to the GM Data 72 Comparison to the Texas Data 75 Comparison to the SRI Data General Discussion 90 CHAPTER V TABLE OF CONTENTS...

Schroeder, James Henry

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

458

Atmospheric dispersion and the radiological consequences of normal airborne effluents from a nuclear power plant  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The relationship between the consequences of the normal exhaust of radioactive materials in air from nuclear power plants and atmospheric dispersion is studied. Because the source terms of the exhaust from a nuclear power plant are relatively low and their radiological consequences are far less than the corresponding authoritative limits, the atmospheric dispersion models, their various modifications, and selections of relevant parameters have few effects on those consequences. In the environmental assessment and siting, the emphasis should not be placed on the consequence evaluation of routine exhaust of nuclear power plants, and the calculation of consequences of the exhaust and atmospheric field measurements should be appropriately, simplified. 12 refs., 5 figs., 7 tabs.

Fang, D.; Yang, L. [Tsinghua Univ., Beijing (China); Sun, C.Z. [Suhou Nuclear Research Inst., Suzhou (China)

1995-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

459

Development of a coal-fueled Internal Manifold Heat Exchanger (IMHEX{reg_sign}) molten carbonate fuel cell. Volumes 1--6, Final report  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The design of a CGMCFC electric generation plant that will provide a cost of eletricity (COE) which is lower than that of current electric generation technologies and which is competitive with other long-range electric generating systems is presented. This effort is based upon the Internal Manifold Heat Exchanger (IMHEX) technology as developed by the Institute of Gas Technology (IGT). The project was executed by selecting economic and performance objectives for alternative plant arrangements while considering process constraints identified during IMHEX fuel cell development activities at ICT. The four major subsystems of a coal-based MCFC power plant are coal gasification, gas purification, fuel cell power generation and the bottoming cycle. The design and method of operation of each subsystem can be varied, and, depending upon design choices, can have major impact on both the design of other subsystems and the resulting cost of electricity. The challenge of this project was to select, from a range of design parameters, those operating conditions that result in a preferred plant design. Computer modelling was thus used to perform sensitivity analyses of as many system variables as program resources and schedules would permit. In any systems analysis, it is imperative that the evaluation methodology be verifiable and comparable. The TAG Class I develops comparable (if imprecise) data on performance and costs for the alternative cases being studied. It identifies, from a range of options, those which merit more exacting scrutiny to be undertaken at the second level, TAG class II analysis.

Not Available

1991-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

460

WeatherSeptember2009,Vol.64,No.9 Can dispersion model predictions  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

into the atmosphere, with each particle representing a fixed mass of pollutant. Particles are transported due Office, Exeter 2 University of Reading Introduction In the case of a major pollution incident, terrorist attack, or a radioactive event such as the Chernobyl disaster in 1986, dispersion models are used

Dacre, Helen

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "dispersion manifolds perforated" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


461

A numerical study of horizontal dispersion in a macro tidal basin  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

in Cobscook Bay, a macro tidal basin, is simulated using the three-dimensional, nonlinear, finite element regimes in different parts of Cobscook Bay. It is found that the effective Lagrangian dispersion ocean model, QUODDY_dry. Numerical particles are released from various transects in the bay at different

Maine, University of

462

Dispersion equation and eigenvalues for quantum wells using spectral parameter power series  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We derive a dispersion equation for determining eigenvalues of inhomogeneous quantum wells in terms of spectral parameter power series and apply it for the numerical treatment of eigenvalue problems. The method is algorithmically simple and can be easily implemented using available routines of such environments for scientific computing as MATLAB.

Castillo-Perez, Raul; Oviedo-Galdeano, Hector; Rabinovich, Vladimir S. [SEPI, ESIME, National Polytechnic Institute, Av. IPN S/N, C.P. 07738, Mexico City (Mexico); Kravchenko, Vladislav V. [Department of Mathematics, CINVESTAV del IPN, Campus Queretaro, Apartado Postal 1-798, Arteaga 5, Col. Centro, Santiago de Queretaro, Qro., 76001 (Mexico)

2011-04-15T23:59:59.000Z

463

Dispersion model for elevated dense-gas-jet chemical releases (DOMS/DEGADIS) (for microcomputers). Software  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The computer program, Ooms/DEGADIS, found on these diskettes and described in the EPA report entitled, A Dispersion Model for Elevated Dense Gas Jet Chemical Releases - Volumes 1 and 2 (EPA 450/4-88-006a and b), is a VAX-operational program designed to simulate the dispersion of heavier-than-air gases which are emitted into the atmosphere with significant velocity through elevated ports. The program incorporates the sequential execution of two models. The first one (Ooms) calculates the trajectory and dispersion of the gas plume as it falls to the ground. The second (DEGADIS) calculates the downwind dispersion of the plume after it touches the ground. Users are referred to the Preface in the User's Guide for specific instructions for program implementation...Software Description: The program is written in FORTRAN with specific intent for compilation and execution on a Digital Equipment Corporation VAX computer. Implementation of the model on any other computer system may be attempted at the risk of the user. To facilitate dissemination of the model, it is being provided on two PC-compatible diskettes. The model should be uploaded via modem from a PC terminal to host VAX computer, and several files must then be renamed prior to compilation and execution.

Guinnup, D.

1988-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

464

Novel bimetallic dispersed catalysts for temperature-programmed coal liquefaction. Final report  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Development of new catalysts is a promising approach to more efficient coal liquefaction. It has been recognized that dispersed catalysts are superior to supported catalysts for primary liquefaction of coals, because the control of initial coal dissolution or depolymerization requires intimate contact between the catalyst and coal. This research is a fundamental and exploratory study on catalytic coal liquefaction, with the emphasis on exploring novel bimetallic dispersed catalysts for coal liquefaction and the effectiveness of temperature-programmed liquefaction using dispersed catalysts. The primary objective of this research was to explore novel bimetallic dispersed catalysts from organometallic molecular precursors, that could be used in low concentrations but exhibit relatively high activity for efficient hydroliquefaction of coals under temperature-programmed conditions. We have synthesized and tested various catalyst precursors in liquefaction of subbituminous and bituminous coals and in model compound studies to examine how do the composition and structure of the catalytic precursors affect their effectiveness for coal liquefaction under different reaction conditions, and how do these factors affect their catalytic functions for hydrogenation of polyaromatic hydrocarbons, for cleavage of C-C bonds in polycyclic systems such as 4-(1-naphthylmethyl)bibenzyl, for hydrogenolysis of C-O bond such as that in dinaphthylether, for hydrodeoxygenation of phenolic compounds and other oxygen-containing compounds such as xanthene, and for hydrodesulfurization of polycyclic sulfur compounds such as dibenzothiophene. The novel bimetallic and monometallic precursors synthesized and tested in this project include various Mo- and Fe-based compounds.

Chunshan Song; Schobert, H.H.; Parfitt, D.P. [and others

1997-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

465

DOI: 10.1002/chem.200700579 Selective Catalytic Oxidation of Ethanol to Acetic Acid on Dispersed  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

% ethanol conversion) were much higher than in previous re- ports. The presence of TiO2 during syn- thesisDOI: 10.1002/chem.200700579 Selective Catalytic Oxidation of Ethanol to Acetic Acid on Dispersed Mo, easily separated from organic reactants and products, and gas-phase process- es that avoid solid

Iglesia, Enrique

466

JALLIFFIER-VERNE et al. Hydrodynamic modelling and the dispersion of  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

on raw water quality. Water quality will be affected by lower flows and heavy rains, which will change an influence on the supply capacity of drinking water intakes, but also on the physico-chemical and biologicalJALLIFFIER-VERNE et al. Hydrodynamic modelling and the dispersion of water fecal contaminants

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

467

Weakly Dispersive Hydraulic Flows in a Contraction -Parametric Solutions and Linear Stability  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Weakly Dispersive Hydraulic Flows in a Contraction - Parametric Solutions and Linear Stability typically results is a transition of flow characteristics within the contraction yielding hydraulic flows of the contraction. As considered here, a hydraulic solution is generally one where the fluid response is a function

Ee, Bernard Kuowei

468

An experimental method for contaminant dispersal characterization in large industrial buildings for IAQ applications.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

for the analysis of the IAQ in ice rink facilities. The method is very easy to use, fast and fairly inexpensive effectiveness in an ice skating arena in the Boston area and for the validation of a developed CFD model : IAQ, contaminant dispersal, CFD modeling, Ice Skating Arenas 1. INTRODUCTION. Exposure to air

Chen, Qingyan "Yan"

469

NUMERICAL MODELLING OF MICROORGANISMS DISPERSION IN URBAN AREA: APPLICATION TO LEGIONELLA.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

with transmission of an infectious agent from cooling towers (CT). During the episode that occured in Pas to contaminated cooling towers system may occur over distance larger than 10km. In addition, most cooling towers dispersion from a virtual cooling tower at the same location. The biological model has been activated

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

470

VAN DER WAALS DISPERSION FORCE CONTRIBUTION TO THE INTERFACIAL FREE ENERGY  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

VAN DER WAALS DISPERSION FORCE CONTRIBUTION TO THE INTERFACIAL FREE ENERGY OF NEMATIC LIQUID energy of a nematic liquid crystal and the interfacial free energy of a nematic on a glass substrate. Introduction. -- The surface free energy of a nematic liquid crystal and the interfacial free energy of nematic

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

471

Free energy landscapes and volumes of coexisting phases for a colloidal dispersion  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Free energy landscapes and volumes of coexisting phases for a colloidal dispersion Trinh Hoa Lang are the ultimate target, we employ the free energy density minimization approach G. F. Wang and S. K. Lai, Phys. In this work, we first examine the change in structures of the fluid and solid free energy density landscapes

472

Dispersion characteristics of three-dimensional dielectric-loaded grating for terahertz Smith-Purcell radiation  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In this paper, a dielectric-loaded grating for Smith-Purcell device is proposed. The three-dimensional (3D) analytical theory for hot dispersion relation is obtained by using field matched method, which is solved by numerical simulations. The first and second order growth rates for the proposal model are analyzed, which is obtained by expanding hot dispersion equation at the operating point. The results show that the dispersion can be effectively weakened by introducing dielectric-loaded grating, in which the cutoff frequency is affected by the grating thickness. The dispersion curve becomes flatter and shifts towards lower frequency at the optimum grating parameters. The 3D particle-in-cell (PIC) simulation is also performed and the results are in good agreement with theoretical calculations. Comparing the first order growth rate with the second one, it reveals that the discrepancy is small when electron beam parameters are selected with small values. Otherwise, the discrepancy is large and cannot be ignored. To accurately describe the process of beam-wave interaction, the second order growth rate is necessary to apply.

Cao, Miaomiao, E-mail: mona486@yeah.net; Li, Ke, E-mail: like3714@163.com [Key Laboratory of High Power Microwave Sources and Technologies, Institute of Electronics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100190 (China) [Key Laboratory of High Power Microwave Sources and Technologies, Institute of Electronics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100190 (China); University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049 (China); Liu, Wenxin, E-mail: lwenxin@mail.ie.ac.cn; Wang, Yong, E-mail: wangyong3845@sina.com [Key Laboratory of High Power Microwave Sources and Technologies, Institute of Electronics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100190 (China)] [Key Laboratory of High Power Microwave Sources and Technologies, Institute of Electronics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100190 (China)

2014-02-15T23:59:59.000Z

473

Dual gas and oil dispersions in water: production and stability of foamulsion Anniina Salonen,*a  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Dual gas and oil dispersions in water: production and stability of foamulsion Anniina Salonen of oil droplets and gas bubbles and show that the oil can have two very different roles, either suppressing foaming or stabilising the foam. We have foamed emulsions made from two different oils (rapeseed

Paris-Sud XI, Universit de

474

ATMOSPHERIC DISPERSION COEFFICIENTS AND RADIOLOGICAL AND TOXICOLOGICAL EXPOSURE METHODOLOGY FOR USE IN TANK FARMS  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This report presents the atmospheric dispersion coefficients used in Tank Farms safety analysis. The basis equations for calculating radiological and toxicological exposures are also included. In this revision, the time averaging for toxicological consequence evaluations is clarified based on a review of DOE complex guidance and a review of tank farm chemicals.

GRIGSBY KM

2011-04-07T23:59:59.000Z

475

Effect of Temperature on Carbon-Black Agglomeration in Hydrocarbon Liquid with Adsorbed Dispersant  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

can agglomerate, increasing the viscosity of the oil and significantly diminishing its lubrication performance. The soot can also form a high-viscosity sludge which can also degrade lubricant effectivenessEffect of Temperature on Carbon-Black Agglomeration in Hydrocarbon Liquid with Adsorbed Dispersant

476

Spatial distribution of the chemical species generated under rubbing from ZDDP and dispersed potassium triborate  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

triborate associated with ZDDP has a positive effect on wear prevention. KEY WORDS: boundary lubrication the formulation of lubricant additives. Thus, other additives might replace the ZDDP content of oil partially by dispersed potassium triborate in engine oil was studied. X-ray Absorption Spectroscopy at the phosphorus

Gilbert, Pupa Gelsomina De Stasio

477

A dye tracer reveals cross-shelf dispersion and interleaving on the Oregon shelf  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A dye tracer reveals cross-shelf dispersion and interleaving on the Oregon shelf A. C. Dale,1 M. D December 2005; published 3 February 2006. [1] A fluorescent dye tracer was injected into the pycnocline the other in the water column, split by interleaving dye-free water. The vertical scale of these layers

Kurapov, Alexander

478

Supplementary information : Probing thermal expansion of graphene and modal dispersion at  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Supplementary information : Probing thermal expansion of graphene and modal dispersion at low-temperature using graphene NEMS resonators Vibhor Singh1 , Shamashis Sengupta1 , Hari S. Solanki1 , Rohan Dhall1 spectroscopy of the suspended graphene devices We performed Raman spectroscopy to confirm the number of layers

Deshmukh, Mandar M.

479

Application of a fractional advection-dispersion equation David A. Benson  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

long-term correlation and fractional derivatives in time [Giona and Roman, 1992; Compte, 1996] and ensue. During this pre-Fickian phase of transport, scale-dependent dispersion coefficients can be used-consuming process that is commonly used to gain information about a plume's pre-Fickian behavior. The fractional ADE

480

Zirconia matrix composite dispersed with stainless steel particles: processing and oxidation behavior  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

components in severe atmospheres at high temperature. These composites called M(p)-CMC(s) : "ceramic matrix inside the zirconia matrix. 2. Experimental procedure 2.1 Basic materials The starting ceramic powderZirconia matrix composite dispersed with stainless steel particles: processing and oxidation

Paris-Sud XI, Universit de

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481

Resonant excitation and control of high order dispersive nonlinear waves L. Friedland  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, the pump and the daughter waves stay phase locked in an extended region of spacetime despite the variation autoresonance in the system. In the autoresonance the daughter and the pump waves are phase locked andResonant excitation and control of high order dispersive nonlinear waves L. Friedland Racah

Friedland, Lazar

482

Axial dispersion in segmented gas-liquid flow: Effects of alternating channel curvature  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

processes such as two-phase catalytic monolith reactors,36 polymer blow molding, enhanced oil recovery,7 is periodically broken in the serpentine channel leading to enhanced axial dispersion. It is also found channel geometries. In addition to the enhanced mix- ing, the segmentation also reduces the axial

Muradoglu, Metin

483

Sea-ice thickness measurement based on the dispersion of ice swell  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

-azimuth angles. The parameterization, that includes finding the best modeled ice thickness, is performed by usingSea-ice thickness measurement based on the dispersion of ice swell David Marsana) ISTerre, CNRS propagating in the Arctic sea ice cover is exploited in order to locally measure the ice thickness

484

An Effective Dispersant for Oil Spills Based on Food-Grade Amphiphiles  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

examined the ability of food-grade amphiphiles to disperse (emulsify) crude oil in seawater. Our studies to coalescence for a much longer time. The smaller size and stability of crude oil droplets are believed-4 In the case of a large oil spill such as the Deepwater Horizon event in the Gulf of Mexico in 2010, over 2

Rubloff, Gary W.

485

Tiled-Grating Compressor with Uncompensated Dispersion for Near-Field-Intensity Smoothing  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A tiled-grating compressor, in which the spatial dispersion is not completely compensated, reduces the near-field-intensity modulation caused by tiling gaps and provides near-field spatial filtering of the input laser beam, thus reducing the laser damage to the final optics.

Huang, H.; Kessler, T.J.

2007-07-02T23:59:59.000Z

486

2D pore-scale simulation of wide-band electromagnetic dispersion of saturated rocks  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Engineering,Austin,Texas; presently Chevron NorthAmerica Exploration and Production, Houston,Texas. E dispersion of saturated rocks. INTRODUCTION Maxwell-Wagner interfacial polarization process The complex,Austin,Texas. E-mail: cverdin@mail.utexas.edu. © 2007 Society of Exploration Geophysicists.All rights reserved

Torres-Verdín, Carlos

487

Sound attenuation and dispersion near the nematic-smectic A phase transition of a liquid crystal (*)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

L-287 Sound attenuation and dispersion near the nematic- smectic A phase transition of a liquid anomalous attenuation of sound. The coupling also gives a contri- bution to the speed of sound near on the pro- pagation of longitudinal sound waves near the nema- tic-smectic A transition of liquid crystals

Boyer, Edmond

488

Hydrology as a driver of biodiversity: Controls on carrying capacity, niche formation, and dispersal  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Hydrology as a driver of biodiversity: Controls on carrying capacity, niche formation online 3 March 2012 Keywords: Hydrology Biodiversity Dispersal Carrying capacity Niches Climate change and dynamics to biodiversity patterns. The focus of this paper is the key hydrologic controls crucial towards

Konar, Megan

489

Chin. Phys. B Vol. 20, No. 11 (2011) 113301 Highly dispersed Pd nanoparticles on chemically  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Chin. Phys. B Vol. 20, No. 11 (2011) 113301 Highly dispersed Pd nanoparticles on chemically electrode material based on chemically modified graphene (CMG) with aminophenyl groups is covalently of the Pd/CMG composite towards formic acid oxidation are found to be higher than those of reduced graphene

Gao, Hongjun

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

490

Effective pore-scale dispersion upscaling with a correlated continuous time random walk approach  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. Le Borgne,1 D. Bolster,2 M. Dentz,3 P. de Anna,1 and A. Tartakovsky4 Received 23 January 2011, T., D. Bolster, M. Dentz, P. de Anna, and A. Tartakovsky (2011), Effective pore-scale dispersion and Brenner, 1993], volume averaging [Bear, 1972; Plumb and Whitaker, 1988; Valdes-Parada et al., 2009; Wood

Bolster, Diogo

491

Journal of Theoretical Biology 239 (2006) 2232 The intermediate dispersal principle in spatially  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, 1996; Vitousek et al., 1997). Pristine, spatially continuous landscapes are indeed very rare on Earth that globally persistent metapopulations correspond to dispersal rates that are neither too low nor too high Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved. Keywords: Interacting particle systems; Persistence­extinction boundary

Gatto, Marino

492

The rheology of oxide dispersions and the role of concentrated electrolyte solutions  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Stability control of particulate dispersions is critical to a wide range of industrial processes. In the UK nuclear industry, significant volumes of waste materials arising from the corrosion products of Magnox fuel rods currently require treatment and storage. The majority of this waste is present as aqueous dispersions of oxide particulates. Treatment of these dispersions will require a variety of unit operations including mobilisation, transport and solid- liquid separation. Typically these processes must operate across a narrow optimal range of pH and the dispersions are, almost without exception, found in complex electrolyte conditions of high overall concentration. Knowledge of the behaviour of oxides in various electrolyte conditions and over a large pH range is essential for the efficient design and control of any waste processing approach. The transport properties of particle dispersions are characterised by the rheological properties. It is well known that particle dispersion rheology is strongly influenced by particle-particle interaction forces, and that particle-particle interactions are strongly influenced by adsorbed ions on the particle surfaces. Here we correlate measurements of the shear yield stress and the particle zeta potentials to provide insight as to the role of ions in moderating particle interactions. The zeta potential of model TiO{sub 2} suspensions were determined (Colloidal Dynamics Zeta Probe) over a range of pH for a series of alkali metal halides and quaternary ammonium halides at a range of solution concentrations (0.001 M - 1 M). The results show some surprising co-ion effects at high electrolyte concentrations (>0.5 M) and indicate that even ions generally considered to be indifferent induce a shift in iso-electric point (i.e.p.) which is inferred as being due to specific adsorption of ions. The shear yield stress values of concentrated titania dispersions were measured using a Bohlin C-VOR stress controlled rheometer. The shear yield stress of a material is defined as the minimum applied shear stress required to induce flow. The yield stress vs. pH curves obtained reflected the shifts in i.e.p. seen in the zeta potential results. Interestingly, specific ion adsorption results in an unexplained increase in the value of the yield stress over that expected for simple systems with no such interfacial ion adsorption. Possible reasons for this effect such as ion-ion correlation effects are discussed. The importance of this increased attraction for the mobilisation of settled solids in an aqueous environment and especially the likely effects on the treatment of Magnox fuel waste materials is discussed. (authors)

Biggs, Simon; Tindley, Amy [Leeds University/Nexis Solutions URA in Particle Science and Technology, Institute of Particle Science and Engineering, School of Process, Environmental and Materials Engineering, The University of Leeds, Leeds LS2 9JT (United Kingdom)

2007-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

493

J. DISPERSION SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY, 19(6&7) 1151-1162 (1998) SURFACE TENSION, STICKINESS AND ENGULFMENT  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

J. DISPERSION SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY, 19(6&7) 1151-1162 (1998) SURFACE TENSION, STICKINESS,2] that there were three important factors to consider in the mechanism of phagocytosis; these were surface tension] and Fowkes [10] then linked the Hamaker Constant to the dispersion contribution to surface tension. Van Oss

Schofield, Andrew B.

494

828 | VOL.9 NO.8 | AUGUST2012 | nAture methods dispersal of organisms generates gene flow between  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

and evolutionary factors shape dispersal is criti- cal for the understanding of how species will cope with shifting between populations. identifying factors that influence dispersal will help predict how species will cope theoretical models in spatial ecology. Space plays a pivotal role in the understanding of most evolution- ary

Cai, Long

495

Numerical simulation of the dispersion of contaminants by a characteristic-based method with applications to the  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of the thermal outflow of some power plants in the Huelva estuary was studied. The outline of the paper developed are presented: the dispersion of the plume of the Ebro river and the thermal outflow of powerNumerical simulation of the dispersion of contaminants by a characteristic-based method

Politècnica de Catalunya, Universitat

496

Thermally induced dispersion mechanisms for aluminum-based plate-type fuels under rapid transient energy deposition  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A thermally induced dispersion model was developed to analyze for dispersive potential and determine onset of fuel plate dispersion for Al-based research and test reactor fuels. Effect of rapid energy deposition in a fuel plate was simulated. Several data types for Al-based fuels tested in the Nuclear Safety Research Reactor in Japan and in the Transient Reactor Test in Idaho were reviewed. Analyses of experiments show that onset of fuel dispersion is linked to a sharp rise in predicted strain rate, which futher coincides with onset of Al vaporization. Analysis also shows that Al oxidation and exothermal chemical reaction between the fuel and Al can significantly affect the energy deposition characteristics, and therefore dispersion onset connected with Al vaporization, and affect onset of vaporization.

Georgevich, V.; Taleyarkham, R.P.; Navarro-Valenti, S.; Kim, S.H.

1995-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

497

Three lectures on global boundary conditions and the theory of self--adjoint extensions of the covariant Laplace--Beltrami and Dirac operators on Riemannian manifolds with boundary  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In these three lectures we will discuss some fundamental aspects of the theory of self-adjoint extensions of the covariant Laplace-Beltrami and Dirac operators on compact Riemannian manifolds with smooth boundary emphasizing the relation with the theory of global boundary conditions. Self-adjoint extensions of symmetric operators, specially of the Laplace-Beltrami and Dirac operators, are fundamental in Quantum Physics as they determine either the energy of quantum systems and/or their unitary evolution. The well-known von Neumann's theory of self-adjoint extensions of symmetric operators is not always easily applicable to differential operators, while the description of extensions in terms of boundary conditions constitutes a more natural approach. Thus an effort is done in offering a description of self-adjoint extensions in terms of global boundary conditions showing how an important family of self-adjoint extensions for the Laplace-Beltrami and Dirac operators are easily describable in this way. Moreover boundary conditions play in most cases an significant physical role and give rise to important physical phenomena like the Casimir effect. The geometrical and topological structure of the space of global boundary conditions determining regular self-adjoint extensions for these fundamental differential operators is described. It is shown that there is a natural homology class dual of the Maslov class of the space. A new feature of the theory that is succinctly presented here is the relation between topology change on the system and the topology of the space of self-adjoint extensions of its Hamiltonian. Some examples will be commented and the one-dimensional case will be thoroughly discussed.

A. Ibort

2012-05-16T23:59:59.000Z

498

Dispersal of Adult Culex Mosquitoes in an Urban West Nile Virus Hotspot: A Mark-Capture Study Incorporating Stable Isotope Enrichment of Natural Larval Habitats  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Dispersal is a critical life history behavior for mosquitoes and is important for the spread of mosquito-borne disease. We implemented the first stable isotope mark-capture study to measure mosquito dispersal, focusing on Culex pipiens in southwest...

Hamer, Gabriel L.; Anderson, Tavis K.; Donovan, Danielle J.; Brawn, Jeffrey D.; Krebs, Bethany L.; Gardner, Allison M.; Ruiz, Marilyn O.; Brown, William M.; Kitron, Uriel D.; Newman, Christina M.; Goldberg, Tony L.; Walker, Edward D.

2014-03-27T23:59:59.000Z

499

The PARSEC computer code for analysis of direct containment heating by dispersed debris  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A multiphase flow and heat transfer, coupled Lagrangian and Eulerian computer program, PARSEC, has been developed to predict the heatup of a gas atmosphere resulting from the gas-driven dispersal of high temperature debris droplets/particles as well as the associated formation of aerosol by the oxidation enhanced vaporization of metal from the surfaces of the droplets, oxidation of reactive debris constituents, and generation of hydrogen. Predictions of the code and the fundamental modeling incorporated therein are in good agreement with available data on the essentially unimpeded dispersal of high temperature melts involving reactor materials in the Argonne CWTI-13 and CWTI-14 experiments as well as iron-alumina thermite in the Sandia DCH-1 test.

Sienicki, J.J.; Spencer, B.W.

1987-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

500

Nonlocal extension of the dispersive-optical-model to describe data below the Fermi energy  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Present applications of the dispersive-optical-model analysis are restricted by the use of a local but energy-dependent version of the generalized Hartree-Fock potential. This restriction is lifted by the introduction of a corresponding nonlocal potential without explicit energy dependence. Such a strategy allows for a complete determination of the nucleon propagator below the Fermi energy with access to the expectation value of one-body operators (like the charge density), the one-body density matrix with associated natural orbits, and complete spectral functions for removal strength. The present formulation of the dispersive optical model (DOM) therefore allows the use of elastic electron-scattering data in determining its parameters. Application to ${}^{40}$Ca demonstrates that a fit to the charge radius leads to too much charge near the origin using the conventional assumptions of the functional form of the DOM. A corresponding incomplete description of high-momentum components is identified, suggesting t...

Dickhoff, W H; Waldecker, S J; Charity, R J; Sobotka, L G

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z