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Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "direct interconnection project" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


1

Trinity Public Utilities District Direct Interconnection Project  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

LEAD FEDERAL AGENCY: U.S. Department of Energy LEAD FEDERAL AGENCY: U.S. Department of Energy COOPERATING AGENCIES: U.S. Forest Service, U.S. Bureau of Land Management, U.S. Bureau of Reclamation TITLE: Final Environmental Impact Statement for the Trinity Public Utilities District Direct Interconnection Project, DOE/EIS-0389 LOCATION: Trinity County, California CONTACT: For additional information on this For general information on the final environmental impact U.S. Department of Energy National statement, contact: Environmental Policy Act process, write or call: Mr. Mark J. Wieringa Ms. Carol M. Borgstrom, Director Western Area Power Administration Office of NEPA Policy and Compliance P.O. Box 281213 Health, Safety and Security (GC-20) Lakewood, CO 80228 U.S. Department of Energy

2

Trinity Public Utilities District Direct Interconnection Project  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Final Environmental Impact Statement DOE/EIS-0395 JULY 2007 COVER SHEET LEAD FEDERAL AGENCIES: U.S. Department of Energy (DOE), Western Area Power Administration (Western), and Office of Electricity Delivery and Energy Reliability (OE) COOPERATING AGENCIES: U.S. Department of the Navy (Navy), U.S. Bureau of Reclamation (Reclamation), U.S. Bureau of Land Management (BLM), City of Yuma TITLE: San Luis Rio Colorado Project Final Environmental Impact Statement, DOE/EIS-0395 LOCATION: Yuma County, Arizona CONTACT: For additional information on DOE National Environmental Policy Act (NEPA) activities, please contact Carol M. Borgstrom, Director, Office of NEPA Policy and Compliance, GC-20, U.S. Department of Energy, 1000 Independence Avenue S.W., Washington D.C. 20585, phone: 1-800-472-2756 or visit the

3

EIS-0437: Interconnection of the Buffalo Ridge III Wind Project...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Interconnection of the Buffalo Ridge III Wind Project, Brookings and Deuel Counties, South Dakota EIS-0437: Interconnection of the Buffalo Ridge III Wind Project, Brookings...

4

EA-1902: Northern Wind Interconnection Project, Summit, South...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Agencies You are here Home EA-1902: Northern Wind Interconnection Project, Summit, South Dakota EA-1902: Northern Wind Interconnection Project, Summit, South Dakota Summary...

5

EA-1884: Invenergy Interconnection for the Wray Wind Energy Project...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

4: Invenergy Interconnection for the Wray Wind Energy Project, Town of Wray, Yuma County, CO EA-1884: Invenergy Interconnection for the Wray Wind Energy Project, Town of Wray, Yuma...

6

EA-1902: Northern Wind Interconnection Project, Summit, South Dakota  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

DOEs Western Area Power Administration is preparing this EA to evaluate the environmental impacts of the interconnection of the proposed Northern Wind Project in Summit, South Dakota.

7

EIS-0434: Hualapai Valley Solar Interconnection Project, Arizona |  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

34: Hualapai Valley Solar Interconnection Project, Arizona 34: Hualapai Valley Solar Interconnection Project, Arizona EIS-0434: Hualapai Valley Solar Interconnection Project, Arizona Overview Hualapai Valley Solar, LLC, proposes to construct, operate and maintain a 340-megawatt, solar-powered generating facility in Mohave County, near Kingman, Ariz. The proposed project would use concentrating solar-power-trough technology to capture the sun's heat to make steam, which would power a traditional steam turbine generator. Proposed infrastructure would consist of a solar field, power block, thermal energy storage system, substation site, transmission line, temporary laydown areas and other ancillary facilities. Public Comment Opportunities No public comment opportunities available at this time. Documents Available for Download

8

Western Baldwin County, AL Grid Interconnection Project  

SciTech Connect

The Objective of this Project was to provide an additional supply of electricity to the affected portions of Baldwin County, AL through the purchase, installation, and operation of certain substation equipment.

Thomas DeBell

2011-09-30T23:59:59.000Z

9

PJM Interconnection, LLC Smart Grid Project | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

LLC Smart Grid Project LLC Smart Grid Project Jump to: navigation, search Project Lead PJM Interconnection, LLC Country United States Headquarters Location Norristown, Pennsylvania Additional Benefit Places Illinois, Indiana, Kentucky, Maryland, Michigan, North Carolina, New Jersey, Ohio, Pennsylvania, Virgin Islands, West Virginia Recovery Act Funding $13,698,091.00 Total Project Value $228203511 Coverage Area Coverage Map: PJM Interconnection, LLC Smart Grid Project Coordinates 40.121497°, -75.3399048° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[]}

10

EA-1884: Invenergy Interconnection for the Wray Wind Energy Project, Town  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

84: Invenergy Interconnection for the Wray Wind Energy 84: Invenergy Interconnection for the Wray Wind Energy Project, Town of Wray, Yuma County, CO EA-1884: Invenergy Interconnection for the Wray Wind Energy Project, Town of Wray, Yuma County, CO Summary DOE's Western Area Power Administration prepared this EA to evaluate the environmental impacts of interconnecting the proposed Wray Wind Energy Project, for approximately 90 megawatts of wind generation, to Western's existing Wray Substation in Yuma County, Colorado. Public Comment Opportunities None available at this time. Documents Available for Download December 27, 2012 EA-1884: Finding of No Significant Impact Invenergy Interconnection for the Wray Wind Energy Project, Town of Wray, Yuma County, CO December 27, 2012 EA-1884: Final Environmental Assessment Invenergy Interconnection for the Wray Wind Energy Project, Town of Wray,

11

EIS-0437: Interconnection of the Buffalo Ridge III Wind Project, Brookings  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

37: Interconnection of the Buffalo Ridge III Wind Project, 37: Interconnection of the Buffalo Ridge III Wind Project, Brookings and Deuel Counties, South Dakota EIS-0437: Interconnection of the Buffalo Ridge III Wind Project, Brookings and Deuel Counties, South Dakota Summary This EIS evaluates the environmental impacts of a proposal to interconnect the Heartland Wind, LLC, proposed Buffalo Ridge III Wind Project in Brookings and Deuel Counties, South Dakota, to DOE's Western Area Power Administration transmission system. Public Comment Opportunities No public comment opportunities available at this time. Documents Available for Download August 29, 2012 EIS-0437: Notice of Cancellation of an Environmental Impact Statement Proposed Interconnection of the Buffalo Ridge III Wind Project, Brookings and Deuel Counties, SD

12

EIS-0438: Interconnection of the Proposed Hermosa West Wind Farm Project,  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

8: Interconnection of the Proposed Hermosa West Wind Farm 8: Interconnection of the Proposed Hermosa West Wind Farm Project, Albany County, WY EIS-0438: Interconnection of the Proposed Hermosa West Wind Farm Project, Albany County, WY SUMMARY This EIS will evaluate the environmental impacts of interconnecting the proposed 300-megawatt Hermosa West Wind Farm Project, in Albany County, Wyoming, with DOE's Western Area Power Administration's existing Craig-Ault 345-kilovolt transmission line. PUBLIC COMMENT OPPORTUNITIES None available at this time. DOCUMENTS AVAILABLE FOR DOWNLOAD October 5, 2012 EIS-0438: Draft Environmental Impact Statement Interconnection of the Proposed Hermosa West Wind Farm Project, Albany County, WY January 14, 2010 EIS-0438: Notice of Intent to Prepare an Environmental Impact Statement and Conduct Scoping Meetings

13

Record of Decision for the Electrical Interconnection of the Windy Point Wind Energy Project.  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The Bonneville Power Administration (BPA) has decided to offer contract terms for interconnection of 250 megawatts (MW) of power to be generated by the proposed Windy Point Wind Energy Project (Wind Project) into the Federal Columbia River Transmission System (FCRTS). Windy Point Partners, LLC (WPP) propose to construct and operate the proposed Wind Project and has requested interconnection to the FCRTS. The Wind Project will be interconnected at BPA's Rock Creek Substation, which is under construction in Klickitat County, Washington. The Rock Creek Substation will provide transmission access for the Wind Project to BPA's Wautoma-John Day No.1 500-kilovolt (kV) transmission line. BPA's decision to offer terms to interconnect the Wind Project is consistent with BPA's Business Plan Final Environmental Impact Statement (BP EIS) (DOE/EIS-0183, June 1995), and the Business Plan Record of Decision (BP ROD, August 15, 1995). This decision thus is tiered to the BP ROD.

United States. Bonneville Power Administration.

2006-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

14

EIS-0438: Interconnection of the Proposed Hermosa West Wind Farm Project, Albany County, WY  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

This EIS will evaluate the environmental impacts of interconnecting the proposed 300-megawatt Hermosa West Wind Farm Project, in Albany County, Wyoming, with DOEs Western Area Power Administrations existing Craig-Ault 345-kilovolt transmission line.

15

Revised Record of Decision for the Electrical Interconnection of the Summit/Westward Project  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The Bonneville Power Administration (BPA) has decided to amend its July 25, 2003, Record of Decision (ROD) regarding the proposed Summit/Westward Project (Project) to offer contract terms for an optional interconnection of this Project into the Federal Columbia River Transmission System (FCRTS). Under this optional interconnection plan, BPA would integrate electric power from the Project into the FCRTS at a point adjacent to Clatskanie People's Utility District (CPUD) existing Wauna Substation. In order to deliver power to this location, CPUD would develop a new substation (Bradbury Substation) at a site near the Project and a new 230-kV transmission line from there to CPUD's Wauna Substation, which is already connected to the FCRTS. As part of this revised decision, BPA will facilitate CPUD development of the Bradbury-Wauna transmission line by allowing joint use of BPA right-of-way. This will involve reconstructing a section of BPA's 115-kV Allston-Astoria No. 1 transmission line from single-circuit H-frame wood-pole design to double-circuit single metal pole design. Terms of BPA participation in CPUD's development of the Bradbury-Wauna transmission line will be documented in a Construction Agreement. This optional interconnection plan is in addition to BPA's previous offer for interconnection of the Project at BPA's Allston Substation, as documented in the July 25, 2003, ROD. As with the initial interconnection plan, the decision to offer terms to interconnect the Project through the optional interconnection plan is consistent with BPA's Business Plan Final Environmental Impact Statement (BP EIS) (DOE/EIS-0183, June 1995), and the Business Plan Record of Decision (BP ROD, August 1995). This decision thus is similarly tiered to the Business Plan ROD.

N /A

2004-10-21T23:59:59.000Z

16

Interconnection Panel  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Interconnection Panel Dan Tunnicliff, P.E. Manager, Government Segment, Southern California Edison Southern California Edison Application Processing Technical Scoping Meeting Technical Studies Interconnection Agreement Project Implementation Overview of Generation Interconnection Process (GIP) * Transmission Level Interconnections - Governed by CAISO Tariff. * Generally for 220 kV and higher. * All applications must be submitted to the CAISO. * CAISO administers its tariff, which is approved by FERC. * Distribution Level Interconnections - Governed by SCE's WDAT. * Generally below 220 kV. * All applications must be submitted to SCE. * SCE administers its tariff, which is approved by FERC. 2 Southern California Edison Interconnection agreements are critically

17

Oahu Wind Integration and Transmission Study (OWITS): Hawaiian Islands Transmission Interconnection Project  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Oahu Wind Integration and Oahu Wind Integration and Transmission Study (OWITS) Hawaiian Islands Transmission Interconnection Project Dennis Woodford Electranix Corporation Winnipeg, Manitoba Canada Subcontract Report NREL/SR-5500-50411 February 2011 NREL is a national laboratory of the U.S. Department of Energy, Office of Energy Efficiency & Renewable Energy, operated by the Alliance for Sustainable Energy, LLC. National Renewable Energy Laboratory 1617 Cole Boulevard Golden, Colorado 80401 303-275-3000 * www.nrel.gov Contract No. DE-AC36-08GO28308 Oahu Wind Integration and Transmission Study (OWITS) Hawaiian Islands Transmission Interconnection Project Dennis Woodford Electranix Corporation Winnipeg, Manitoba Canada NREL Technical Monitor: David Corbus

18

DOE/EA-1602: Alternative Intake Project Transmission Line and Interconnection Final Environmental Assessment (November 2008)  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Alternative Intake Project Alternative Intake Project Transmission Line and Interconnection Final Environmental Assessment November 2008 DOE/EA-1602 DOE/EA-1602 Final Environmental Assessment for the Western Area Power Administration Alternative Intake Project Transmission Line and Interconnection As part of its comprehensive water quality strategy to protect and improve water quality for its customers, the Contra Costa Water District (CCWD) is implementing the Alternative Intake Project (AIP). The AIP will enable CCWD to relocate some of its existing diversions to Victoria Canal, a Delta location with higher-quality source water than is currently available at its Old River and Rock Slough intakes. The AIP project purpose is to protect and improve the quality of water delivered to CCWD's untreated-

19

Advanced Interconnect Development  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The objectives of this project are to develop cost-effective, optimized materials for intermediate temperature SOFC interconnect and interconnect/electrode interface applications and identify and understand degradation processes in interconnects and at their interfaces with electrodes.

Yang, Z.G.; Maupin, G.; Simner, S.; Singh, P.; Stevenson, J.; Xia, G.

2005-01-27T23:59:59.000Z

20

Phase 2 Report: Oahu Wind Integration and Transmission Study (OWITS); Hawaiian Islands Transmission Interconnection Project  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Phase 2 Report: Oahu Wind Phase 2 Report: Oahu Wind Integration and Transmission Study (OWITS) Hawaiian Islands Transmission Interconnection Project Dennis Woodford Electranix Corporation Winnipeg, Manitoba Canada Subcontract Report NREL/SR-5500-50414 February 2011 NREL is a national laboratory of the U.S. Department of Energy, Office of Energy Efficiency & Renewable Energy, operated by the Alliance for Sustainable Energy, LLC. National Renewable Energy Laboratory 1617 Cole Boulevard Golden, Colorado 80401 303-275-3000 * www.nrel.gov Contract No. DE-AC36-08GO28308 Phase 2 Report: Oahu Wind Integration and Transmission Study (OWITS) Hawaiian Islands Transmission Interconnection Project Dennis Woodford Electranix Corporation Winnipeg, Manitoba Canada

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "direct interconnection project" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


21

Making Connections: Case Studies of Interconnection Barriers and their Impact on Distributed Power Projects  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

of Interconnection of Interconnection Barriers and their Impact on Distributed Power Projects M a k i n g M a k i n g Connections Connections NREL/SR-200-28053 Revised July 2000 United States Department Of Energy Distributed Power Program Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy, Office of Power Technologies Joseph Galdo DOE Distributed Power Program Manager Office of Power Technologies, EE-15 U.S. Department of Energy Forrestal Building, 5H-021 1000 Independence Avenue SW Washington, DC 20585 Phone: (202) 586-0518 Fax: (202) 586-1640 Richard DeBlasio NREL Distributed Power Program Manager National Renewable Energy Laboratory 1617 Cole Blvd. (MS 3214) Golden, CO 80601 Phone: (303) 384-6452 Fax: (303) 384-6490 Gary Nakarado* National Renewable Energy Laboratory NREL Distributed Power Program Technical Monitor

22

Record of Decision for the Interconnection of the Sutter Power Project With the Western Area Power Administration's Keswick-Elverta/Olinda-Elverta 230-Kilovolt Double-Circuit Transmission Line, June 15, 1999  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

41 41 Federal Register / Vol. 64, No. 114 / Tuesday, June 15, 1999 / Notices DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY Western Area Power Administration Record of Decision for the Interconnection of the Sutter Power Project With the Western Area Power Administration's Keswick-Elverta/ Olinda-Elverta 230-Kilovolt Double- Circuit Transmission Line AGENCY: Western Area Power Administration, DOE. ACTION: Record of decision. SUMMARY: The Western Area Power Administration (Western) prepared this Record of Decision in response to a request submitted to Western for a direct interconnection of Calpine Corporation's (Calpine) proposed Sutter Power Project (SPP) with Western's electric transmission system. In response to this request, Western completed an Interconnection Feasibility Study that determined that

23

DOE/EIS-0183: Record of Decision for the Electrical Interconnection of the Shepherds Flat Wind Energy Project (07/18/08)  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Shepherds Flat Wind Energy Project Shepherds Flat Wind Energy Project July 2008 B o n n e v i l l e P o w e r A d m i n i s t r a t i o n 1 INTRODUCTION The Bonneville Power Administration (BPA) has decided to offer contract terms for interconnection of up to 846 megawatts (MW) of power to be generated by the proposed Shepherds Flat Wind Energy Project (Wind Project) into the Federal Columbia River Transmission System (FCRTS). Caithness Shepherds Flat, LLC (CSF) proposes to construct and operate the proposed Wind Project and has requested interconnection to the FCRTS. The Wind Project will be interconnected at BPA's existing Slatt Substation in Gilliam County, Oregon. To provide the interconnection, BPA will expand BPA's existing Slatt Substation to accommodate a 230-kilovolt (kV) yard and will provide transmission access for up to 846 MW from the Wind

24

Oahu Wind Integration and Transmission Study (OWITS): Hawaiian Islands Transmission Interconnection Project  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

This report provides an independent review included an initial evaluation of the technical configuration and capital costs of establishing an undersea cable system and examining impacts to the existing electric transmission systems as a result of interconnecting the islands.

Woodford, D.

2011-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

25

Phase 2 Report: Oahu Wind Integration and Transmission Study (OWITS); Hawaiian Islands Transmission Interconnection Project  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

This report provides an independent review including an initial evaluation of the technical configuration and capital costs of establishing an undersea cable system and examining impacts to the existing electric transmission systems as a result of interconnecting the islands

Woodford, D.

2011-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

26

Record of Decision for the Electrical Interconnection of the Windy Point Wind Energy Project (DOE/EIS-0183) (11/29/06)  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Windy Point Wind Energy Project Windy Point Wind Energy Project November 2006 B o n n e v i l l e P o w e r A d m i n i s t r a t i o n 1 INTRODUCTION The Bonneville Power Administration (BPA) has decided to offer contract terms for interconnection of 250 megawatts (MW) of power to be generated by the proposed Windy Point Wind Energy Project (Wind Project) into the Federal Columbia River Transmission System (FCRTS). Windy Point Partners, LLC (WPP) propose to construct and operate the proposed Wind Project and has requested interconnection to the FCRTS. 1 The Wind Project will be interconnected at BPA's Rock Creek Substation, which is under construction in Klickitat County, Washington. The Rock Creek Substation will provide transmission access for the Wind Project to BPA's Wautoma-John Day No.1 500-kilovolt (kV) transmission line.

27

Development of Direct-Use Projects: Preprint  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

A geothermal direct-use project utilizes a natural resource, a flow of geothermal fluid at elevated temperatures, which is capable of providing heat and/or cooling to buildings, greenhouses, aquaculture ponds, and industrial processes. Geothermal utilization requires matching the varied needs of the user and characteristics of the resource in order to development a successful project. Each application is unique; guidelines are provided for the logical steps required to implement a project. Recommended temperature and flows are suggested for spas and pools, space and district heating, greenhouse and aquaculture pond heating, and industrial applications. Guidelines are provided for selecting the necessary equipment for successfully implementing a direct-use project, including downhole pumps, piping, heat exchangers, and heat convectors. Additionally, the relationship between temperature, flow rate, and the use of heat exchangers to provide heat to a space with hot water or hot air is provided for a number of applications, with suggested 'rules of thumb'.

Lund, J.

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

28

Revised Record of Decision for the Electrical Interconnection of the Summit/Westward Project (DOE/EIS-0183) (10/21/04)  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Bonneville Power Administration Bonneville Power Administration Revised Record of Decision for the Electrical Interconnection of the Summit/Westward Project INTRODUCTION The Bonneville Power Administration (BPA) has decided to amend its July 25, 2003, Record of Decision (ROD) regarding the proposed Summit/Westward Project (Project) to offer contract terms for an optional interconnection of this Project into the Federal Columbia River Transmission System (FCRTS). Under this optional interconnection plan, BPA would integrate electric power from the Project into the FCRTS at a point adjacent to Clatskanie People's Utility District (CPUD) existing Wauna Substation. In order to deliver power to this location, CPUD would develop a new substation (Bradbury Substation) at a site near the Project and a new

29

Record of Decision for the Electrical Interconnection of Goldendale Energy Project (DOE/EIS-0183) (03/20/01)  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Record of Decision for the Electrical Record of Decision for the Electrical Interconnection of Goldendale Energy Project SUMMARY Bonneville Power Administration (BPA) has decided to offer terms for integrating power from the Goldendale Energy Project (GEP) into the Federal Columbia River Transmission System (FCRTS). BPA will offer contracts integrating power from GEP into the FCRTS for delivery to the wholesale power market. In reaching this decision, I have considered the potential environmental impacts addressed in BPA's Business Plan Environmental Impact Statement (BP EIS, DOE/EIS-0183) and a Supplement Analysis (DOE/EIS-0183/SA-03). I have also considered input from the public process for the GEP. BPA will distribute this Record of Decision (ROD) to all known interested and affected persons, Tribes, and agencies and will publish a notice of its availability in the

30

Notice of Availability of the Record of Decision for the Arlington Wind Interconnection Project (DOE/EIS-0183) (1/14/05)  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

86 86 Federal Register / Vol. 70, No. 16 / Wednesday, January 26, 2005 / Notices 8. Mr. Mohan Singh, Regional Business Director, North Atlantic Division. Brenda S. Bowen, Army Federal Register Liaison Office. [FR Doc. 05-1383 Filed 1-25-05; 8:45 am] BILLING CODE 3710-08-M DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY Bonneville Power Administration Arlington Wind Interconnection Project AGENCY: Bonneville Power Administration (BPA), Department of Energy (DOE). ACTION: Notice of availability of Record of Decision (ROD). SUMMARY: This notice announces the availability of the ROD to offer contract terms to interconnect up to 200 megawatts of wind generation from the Columbia Energy Partners' proposed Arlington Wind Project into the Federal Columbia River Transmission System. The wind project will be interconnected

31

Bonneville Power Administration Record of Decision for the Electrical Interconnection of the Summit/Westward Project (DOE/EIS-0183) (7/25/03)  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Summit/Westward Project Summit/Westward Project July 2003 INTRODUCTION The Bonneville Power Administration (BPA) has decided to offer contract terms for interconnection of the proposed Summit/Westward Project ("Project") into the Federal Columbia River Transmission System (FCRTS) at BPA's Allston Substation. The Project, which has been proposed by Westward Energy, LLC (Westward Energy), involves construction and operation of a 520-megawatt (MW) natural-gas-fired, combined-cycle generating facility. The facility will be located in Columbia County, Oregon, about 4.5 miles north of Clatskanie, Oregon. The decision to offer terms to interconnect the Project is consistent with BPA's Business Plan Final Environmental Impact Statement (BP EIS) (DOE/EIS-0183, June 1995), and the Business Plan

32

Development of Direct-Use Projects: Preprint  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

of Direct-Use of Direct-Use Projects Preprint John W. Lund, P.E. To be presented at the Stanford University Geothermal Reservoir Engineering Workshop Stanford, California January 31 - February 2, 2011 Conference Paper NREL/CP-5500-49948 January 2011 NOTICE The submitted manuscript has been offered by an employee of the Alliance for Sustainable Energy, LLC (Alliance), a contractor of the US Government under Contract No. DE-AC36-08GO28308. Accordingly, the US Government and Alliance retain a nonexclusive royalty-free license to publish or reproduce the published form of this contribution, or allow others to do so, for US Government purposes. This report was prepared as an account of work sponsored by an agency of the United States government. Neither the United States government nor any agency thereof, nor any of their employees, makes any warranty,

33

DOE/EIS-0183 Record of Decision for the Electrical Interconnection of the Kittitas Valley Wind Project (09/04/09)  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Kittitas Valley Wind Project Kittitas Valley Wind Project September 2009 B o n n e v i l l e P o w e r A d m i n i s t r a t i o n 1 INTRODUCTION The Bonneville Power Administration (BPA) has decided to offer contract terms for interconnection of up to 108 megawatts (MW) of power to be generated by the proposed Kittitas Valley Wind Project (Wind Project) into the Federal Columbia River Transmission System (FCRTS). Sagebrush Power Partners, LLC (Sagebrush) has received authorization from the Washington Energy Facility Site Evaluation Council (EFSEC) to construct and operate the proposed Wind Project in Kittitas County, Washington, and has requested interconnection to the FCRTS on BPA's Columbia-Covington 230-kV transmission line in the vicinity of Ellensburg, Washington. BPA will construct a new substation to accommodate this additional power into the

34

Cost Transfers Involving Sponsored Projects Directives and Procedures  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Cost Transfers Involving Sponsored Projects Directives and Procedures Responsible Office: Office....................................................................................................................2 1.3 Cost Transfer.................................................................................................................2 2. Project Management

Watson, Craig A.

35

Interconnect Issues  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Interconnect Issues in NE Serge Khalife, 15 th April 2010 Agenda  About National Grid and Service territories  Scope and definitions  Interconnection Process Overview  Time Frames and Fees  Governmental Entity Exceptions  Net Metering Limit  Technical Issues  Observations and recommendations  Questions and Answers Service Territories Map Scope and definitions  The Distributed Generation Group at National Grid process interconnection applications on the distribution system typically 10 MW and under with a few exceptions.  ISO-NE process larger interconnection applications on the transmission system. Their timelines and procedures vary from National Grid's Distributed Generation process.  Governmental Entity : The Commonwealth of Massachusetts, or any

36

Superconducting Multilayer Interconnect - lbl.gov  

Technique to fabricate multilayer interconnects and multiturn flux transformers for use with direct current superconducting quantum interference ...

37

Interconnect Issues  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Property Property Asset Management Office of General Counsel Real Property Division Richard R. Butterworth Senior Assistant General Counsel (202) 501-4436 richard.butterworth@gsa.gov The Problem: * Most agreements require indemnity clauses - usually either by tariff or by the submission of standard contracts to PSCs * Federal Government precluded from providing indemnity by: * Anti-deficiency Act - 31 U.S.C. 665(a) * Adequacy of Appropriations Act - 41 U.S.C. 11 GSA - Utility Interconnection Agreements GSA - Utility Interconnection Agreements * Exception: Utility Contracts * GAO decisions lay foundation for exception for utility contracts * Narrow exception GSA - Utility Interconnection Agreements * Application to Interconnection Agreements * Keys: Requirement for service Tariff or PSC action on contract

38

A direct method for estimating planar projective transform  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Estimating planar projective transform (homography) from a pair of images is a classical problem in computer vision. In this paper, we propose a novel algorithm for direct registering two point sets in R2 using projective transform without using intensity ...

Yu-Tseh Chi; Jeffrey Ho; Ming-Hsuan Yang

2010-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

39

Record of Decision for the Electrical Interconnection of TransAlta Centralia Generation LLC Big Hanaford Project (DOE/EIS-0183)(10/19/01)  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

for the for the Electrical Interconnection of TransAlta Centralia Generation LLC Big Hanaford Project INTRODUCTION The Bonneville Power Administration (BPA) has decided to offer contract terms for integrating power from the TransAlta Centralia Generation LLC Big Hanaford Project, a 248-megawatt (MW) gas-fired, combined-cycle combustion turbine (CCCT) power generation project (Project), into the Federal Columbia River Transmission System (FCRTS). The Project is located within an industrial area adjacent to TransAlta's existing Centralia Steam Plant in Lewis County, Washington. The West Coast is experiencing a shortfall in electric energy supply, as well as a volatile wholesale power market in which prices have reached record highs. The Project is one of

40

Record of Decision for the Electrical Interconnection of the BP Cherry Point Cogeneration Project (DOE/EIS-0349) (11/10/04)  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

BP Cherry Poi BP Cherry Poi nt Cogeneration Project DECISION The Bonneville Power Administration (Bonneville) has decided to implement the proposed action identified in the BP Cherry Point Cogeneration Project Final Environmental Impact Statement (FEIS) (DOE/EIS-0349, August 2004). Under the proposed action, Bonneville will offer contract terms for interconnection of the BP Cherry Point Cogeneration Project (Project) with the Federal Columbia River Transmission System (FCRTS), as requested by BP West Coast Products, LLC (BP) and proposed in the FEIS. The proposed Project involves constructing and operating a new 720-megawatt (MW) natural gas-fired, combined-cycle power generation facility at a 265-acre site adjacent to BP's existing Cherry Point Refinery between Ferndale and

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "direct interconnection project" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


41

Hopper Interconnect  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Interconnect Interconnect Interconnect jaguar xt4 Hopper's "Gemini" network is connected in a 3D torus. Description Hopper's compute nodes are connected via a custom high-bandwidth, low-latency network provided by Cray. The connectivity is in the form of a "mesh" in which each node is connected to other nearby nodes like strands in a fishing net, except that the mesh extends in three dimensions. Each network node handles not only data destined for itself, but also data to be relayed to other nodes. Nodes at the "edges" of the mesh network are connected to nodes at the other edge to form a 3-D torus. The custom chips that route communication over the network are known as "Gemini" and the entire network is often referred to as the "Cray Gemini

42

Status of Direct Heat Application Projects | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Heat Application Projects Heat Application Projects Jump to: navigation, search OpenEI Reference LibraryAdd to library Journal Article: Status of Direct Heat Application Projects Abstract In order to promote the use of hydrothermal energy for direct heat applications, the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) has funded twenty-two demonstration projects. Eight of these projects are administered by the San Francisco Operation Office of the Department of Energy (DOE-SAN) with technical support form the Energy Technology Engineering Center (ETEC) of Rockwell International. The projects are described and their status given. Author Kendal S. Robinson Published Journal Geothermal Resources Council Transactions, 1981 DOI Not Provided Check for DOI availability: http://crossref.org Online Internet link for Status of Direct Heat Application Projects

43

EA-1937: Pacific Direct Intertie Upgrade Project, Lake, Jefferson, Crook,  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

37: Pacific Direct Intertie Upgrade Project, Lake, Jefferson, 37: Pacific Direct Intertie Upgrade Project, Lake, Jefferson, Crook, Deschutes, and Wasco Co, OR EA-1937: Pacific Direct Intertie Upgrade Project, Lake, Jefferson, Crook, Deschutes, and Wasco Co, OR SUMMARY This project would replace aging equipment at BPA's Celilo converter station and to upgrade equipment on the Celilo-Sylmar 500-kilovolt (kV) transmission line from the Celilo converter station in The Dalles, Oregon to the Nevada-Oregon border. As part of the project, BPA would remove and salvage the converter terminals 1 and 2 at its Celilo converter station and install a new two-converter terminal. A 20-acre expansion of the existing substation would accommodate the new terminal equipment. About 265 miles of transmission towers on the Celilo-Sylmar 500-kV transmission line would be

44

Project Eagle Phase 1 Direct Wafer/Cell Solar Facility  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Project Eagle Phase 1 Direct Wafer/Cell Solar Facility Project Eagle Phase 1 Direct Wafer/Cell Solar Facility 1366 Technologies Description of Proposed Action: The Department of Energy (DOE) proposed action is for the use of a federal loan guarantee by 1366 Technologies (1366) to support the renovation of an existing building, located at 159 Wells Avenue, Newton, Massachusetts, into a solar wafer production facility. The new facility would constitute Phase 1 of Project Eagle and accommodate 20 megawatts (MW) of multi crystalline silicon wafer production, laboratory areas, offices, and ancillary spaces. Phase 2 of Proje~y an existing DOE Categorical Exclusion and would occur at a site in _ _ _ _ . The Phase 1 facility in Newton, MA is an existing building of 50,600 square feet on a site approximately 4.7 acres. 1366 would renovate the interior of the facility to provide office

45

Cascade solar cell having conductive interconnects  

SciTech Connect

Direct ohmic contact between the cells in an epitaxially grown cascade solar cell is obtained by means of conductive interconnects formed through grooves etched intermittently in the upper cell. The base of the upper cell is directly connected by the conductive interconnects to the emitter of the bottom cell. The conductive interconnects preferably terminate on a ledge formed in the base of the upper cell.

Borden, Peter G. (Menlo Park, CA); Saxena, Ram R. (Saratoga, CA)

1982-10-26T23:59:59.000Z

46

Superconductive interconnections for cryoelectronics  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Factors affecting the use of superconducting interconnections for cryoelectronics will be examined. The fundamental questions to be answered are why interconnections are important for high performance computing

Kenneth Rose

1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

47

Pulsed wave interconnect  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Pulsed wave interconnect is proposed for global interconnect applications. Signals are represented by localized wavepackets that propagate along the interconnect lines at the local speed of light to trigger the receivers. Energy consumption is reduced ... Keywords: CMOS, VLSI, high-speed interconnect, nonlinear transmission line, pulse compression, soliton, wafer-scale-integration

Pingshan Wang; Gen Pei; Edwin Chih-Chuan Kan

2004-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

48

Hanford Environmental Dose Reconstruction Project independent direction and oversight  

SciTech Connect

Hanford was selected in 1942 as one of the sites for the Manhattan Project. It produced plutonium for one of the world's first nuclear weapons. The US Department of Energy (DOE) and its predecessors continued to make plutonium for nuclear weapons at Hanford for more than four decades. In the early days of Hanford operations, radioactive materials routinely were released to the environment by many processes. The DOE disclosed documents about these releases in 1986. In 1987, Washington, Oregon, and regional Indian tribes gathered an independent panel of experts. This group recommended dose reconstruction and health effects feasibility studies. Later that year, DOE hired Battelle Pacific Northwest Laboratory (PNL) to reconstruct potential public radiation doses from Hanford's past releases of radioactive material. The DOE agreed with the states and tribes that project direction would come from an independent technical steering panel (TSP). This approach was critical to gain public credibility for the project and the science. The TSP directs the project and makes policy. That is now clear - but, it was hard-earned. Conducting science in an open public process is new, challenging, and clearly worthwhile. The panel's product is good science that is believed and accepted by the public - our client.

Blazek, M.L.; Power, M.

1991-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

49

Interconnection | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Interconnection Interconnection Jump to: navigation, search Interconnection standards govern the technical and procedural process by which an electric customer connects an electric-generating system to the grid. Interconnection standards specify the technical, contractual, metering, and rate rules that system owners and utilities must abide by. Standards for systems interconnected at the distribution level are typically adopted by state public utility commissions, while the Federal Energy Regulatory Commission (FERC) has adopted standards for systems interconnected at the transmission level. Not all states have adopted interconnection standards, and some state’ standards apply only to investor-owned utilities, – not to municipal utilities and electric cooperatives. [1]

50

Puerto Rico - Interconnection Standards | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Puerto Rico - Interconnection Standards Puerto Rico - Interconnection Standards Puerto Rico - Interconnection Standards < Back Eligibility Agricultural Commercial Industrial Institutional Local Government Multi-Family Residential Nonprofit Residential Schools State Government Savings Category Bioenergy Commercial Heating & Cooling Manufacturing Buying & Making Electricity Alternative Fuel Vehicles Hydrogen & Fuel Cells Water Wind Energy Sources Solar Home Weatherization Program Info Program Type Interconnection Provider Autoridad de Energía Electrica de Puerto Rico In 2007, the Autoridad de Energía Electrica de Puerto Rico (PREPA*) adopted interconnection standards based on the standard contained in the federal Energy Policy Act of 2005. PREPA promulgated interconnection rules in August 2008 that apply to all distributed generation (DG) projects that

51

Interconnection Guidelines | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

General Public/Consumer General Public/Consumer Industrial Institutional Local Government Nonprofit Residential Schools State Government Savings Category Bioenergy Alternative Fuel Vehicles Hydrogen & Fuel Cells Buying & Making Electricity Water Wind Solar Program Info State Arkansas Program Type Interconnection Provider Arkansas Public Service Commission In April 2001, Arkansas enacted legislation directing the Arkansas Public Service Commission (PSC) to establish net-metering rules for certain renewable-energy systems. The Arkansas Public Service Commission (PSC) adopted net-metering rules in July 2002 (Order No. 02-046-R). Section 3 applies to the interconnection of net-metered facilities to existing electric power systems.* Systems that generate electricity using solar, wind, hydro, geothermal and biomass resources are eligible to interconnect

52

Directional Detection of Fast Neutrons Using a Time Projection Chamber  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Spontaneous fission in Special Nuclear Material (SNM) such as plutonium and highly enriched uranium (HEU) results in the emission of neutrons with energies in the MeV range (hereafter 'fast neutrons'). These fast neutrons are largely unaffected by the few centimeters of intervening high-Z material that would suffice for attenuating most emitted gamma rays, while tens of centimeters of hydrogenous materials are required to achieve substantial attenuation of neutron fluxes from SNM. Neutron detectors are therefore an important complement to gamma-ray detectors in SNM search and monitoring applications. The rate at which SNM emits fast neutrons varies from about 2 per kilogram per second for typical HEU to some 60,000 per kilogram per second for metallic weapons grade plutonium. These rates can be compared with typical sea-level (cosmogenic) neutron backgrounds of roughly 5 per second per square meter per steradian in the relevant energy range [1]. The fact that the backgrounds are largely isotropic makes directional neutron detection especially attractive for SNM detection. The ability to detect, localize, and ultimately identify fast neutron sources at standoff will ultimately be limited by this background rate. Fast neutrons are particularly well suited to standoff detection and localization of SNM or other fast neutrons sources. Fast neutrons have attenuation lengths of about 60 meters in air, and retain considerable information about their source direction even after one or two scatters. Knowledge of the incoming direction of a fast neutron, from SNM or otherwise, has the potential to significantly improve signal to background in a variety of applications, since the background arriving from any one direction is a small fraction of the total background. Imaging or directional information therefore allows for source detection at a larger standoff distance or with shorter dwell times compared to nondirectional detectors, provided high detection efficiency can be maintained. Directional detection of neutrons has been previously considered for applications such as controlled fusion neutron imaging [2], nuclear fuel safety research [3], imaging of solar neutrons and SNM [4], and in nuclear science [5]. The use of scintillating crystals and fibers has been proposed for directional neutron detection [6]. Recently, a neutron scatter camera has been designed, constructed, and tested for imaging of fast neutrons, characteristic for SNM material fission [7]. The neutron scatter camera relies on the measurement of the proton recoil angle and proton energy by time of flight between two segmented solid-state detectors. A single-measurement result from the neutron scatter camera is a ring containing the possible incident neutron direction. Here we describe the development and commissioning of a directional neutron detection system based on a time projection chamber (TPC) detector. The TPC, which has been widely used in particle and nuclear physics research for several decades, provides a convenient means of measuring the full 3D trajectory, specific ionization (i.e particle type) and energy of charged particles. For this application, we observe recoil protons produced by fast neutron scatters on protons in hydrogen or methane gas. Gas pressures of a few ATM provide reasonable neutron interaction/scattering rates.

Bowden, N; Heffner, M; Carosi, G; Carter, D; Foxe, M; Jovanovic, I

2009-06-03T23:59:59.000Z

53

Measured and projected performance of plasma direct converters  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Test results from two plasma direct converters and their predicted cost and performance on tandem mirror fusion reactors are present. The tests were done at high power density (approx. 70 W/cm/sup 2/) in steady state to simulate the predicted conditions in a reactor. A single stage unit and a two-stage unit of the Venetian blind type were tested at up to 100 kV and 6 kW for a total time of about 80 hours. Measured efficiencies, when projected to a reactor, are typically about 50% for a single stage unit and 60 to 70% for a two-stage unit, depending on the energy distribution of the ions, the degree of subdivision of the collectors, and on the gas pressure. The high ambipolar potential in tandem mirror devices makes this good efficiency possible. When radiatively cooled grids are used, the incident power density is limited to about 100 W/cm/sup 2/ by the thermionic emission of electrons.

Barr, W.L.; Moir, R.W.

1981-10-22T23:59:59.000Z

54

Environmental Assessment: geothermal direct heat project, Marlin, Texas  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The Federal action addressed by this Environmental Assessment (EA) is joint funding the retrofitting of a heating and hot water system in a hospital at Marlin, Texas, with a geothermal preheat system. The project will be located within the existing hospital boiler room. One supply well was drilled in an existing adjacent parking lot. It was necessary to drill the well prior to completion of this environmental assessment in order to confirm the reservoir and to obtain fluids for analysis in order to assess the environmental effects of fluid disposal. Fluid from operation will be disposed of by discharging it directly into existing street drains, which will carry the fluid to Park Lake and eventually the Brazos River. Fluid disposal activities are regulated by the Texas Railroad Commission. The local geology is determined by past displacements in the East Texas Basin. Boundaries are marked by the Balcones and the Mexia-Talco fault systems. All important water-bearing formations are in the cretaceous sedimentary rocks and are slightly to highly saline. Geothermal fluids are produced from the Trinity Group; they range from approximately 3600 to 4000 ppM TDS. Temperatures are expected to be above 64/sup 0/C (147/sup 0/F). Surface water flows southeastward as a part of the Brazos River Basin. The nearest perennial stream is the Brazos River 5.6 km (3.5 miles) away, to which surface fluids will eventually discharge. Environmental impacts of construction were small because of the existing structures and paved areas. Construction run-off and geothermal flow-test fluid passed through a small pond in the city park, lowering its water quality, at least temporarily. Construction noise was not out of character with existing noises around the hospital.

Not Available

1980-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

55

Interconnection Transmission Planning: Awards | Department of...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Interconnection Transmission Planning: Awards Interconnection Transmission Planning: Awards List of Interconnection Transmission Planning awards under the American Recovery and...

56

EA-1937: Pacific Direct Intertie Upgrade Project, Lake, Jefferson...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Lake, Jefferson, Crook, Deschutes, and Wasco Co, OR SUMMARY This project would replace aging equipment at BPA's Celilo converter station and to upgrade equipment on the...

57

Solar cell array interconnects  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Electrical interconnects are disclosed for solar cells or other electronic components using a silver-silicone paste or a lead-tin (Pb-Sn) no-clean fluxless solder cream, whereby the high breakage of thin (<6 mil thick) solar cells using conventional solder interconnect is eliminated. The interconnects of this invention employs copper strips which are secured to the solar cells by a silver-silicone conductive paste which can be used at room temperature, or by a Pb-Sn solder cream which eliminates undesired residue on the active surfaces of the solar cells. Electrical testing using the interconnects of this invention has shown that no degradation of the interconnects developed under high current testing, while providing a very low contact resistance value. 4 figs.

Carey, P.G.; Thompson, J.B.; Colella, N.J.; Williams, K.A.

1995-11-14T23:59:59.000Z

58

Solar cell array interconnects  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Electrical interconnects for solar cells or other electronic components using a silver-silicone paste or a lead-tin (Pb-Sn) no-clean fluxless solder cream, whereby the high breakage of thin (<6 mil thick) solar cells using conventional solder interconnect is eliminated. The interconnects of this invention employs copper strips which are secured to the solar cells by a silver-silicone conductive paste which can be used at room temperature, or by a Pb-Sn solder cream which eliminates undesired residue on the active surfaces of the solar cells. Electrical testing using the interconnects of this invention has shown that no degradation of the interconnects developed under high current testing, while providing a very low contact resistance value.

Carey, Paul G. (Mountain View, CA); Thompson, Jesse B. (Brentwood, CA); Colella, Nicolas J. (Livermore, CA); Williams, Kenneth A. (Livermore, CA)

1995-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

59

Interconnection Standards (Utah  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

procedures are divided into three levels: * '''Level 1 Interconnection''' applies to inverter-based systems with a maximum capacity of 25 kilowatts (kW). These systems must comply...

60

Notice of Availability of the Revised Record of Decision for the Electrical Interconnection of the Summit/Westward Project -- Business Plan Final EIS (DOE/EIS-0183) (10/29/04)  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

45 45 Federal Register / Vol. 69, No. 209 / Friday, October 29, 2004 / Notices Issued at Washington, DC on October 26, 2004. Rachel M. Samuel, Deputy Advisory Committee Management Officer. [FR Doc. 04-24217 Filed 10-28-04; 8:45 am] BILLING CODE 6450-01-P DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY Bonneville Power Administration; Summit/Westward Project AGENCY: Bonneville Power Administration (BPA), Department of Energy (DOE). ACTION: Notice of availability of Revised Record of Decision (ROD). SUMMARY: This notice announces the availability of the Revised ROD to offer contract terms for an optional electrical interconnection of the proposed Summit/Westward Project into the Federal Columbia River Transmission System at a point near the existing Wauna Substation of the Clatskanie

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "direct interconnection project" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
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61

Interconnection Standards | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Interconnection Standards Interconnection Standards Interconnection Standards < Back Eligibility Agricultural Commercial Fed. Government Industrial Institutional Local Government Nonprofit Residential Schools State Government Savings Category Bioenergy Commercial Heating & Cooling Manufacturing Buying & Making Electricity Alternative Fuel Vehicles Hydrogen & Fuel Cells Water Wind Energy Sources Solar Program Info State Indiana Program Type Interconnection Provider Indiana Utility Regulatory Commission In November 2005, the Indiana Utility Regulatory Commission (IURC) approved rules governing the interconnection of distributed generation (DG). Indiana's interconnection rules require the state's investor-owned utilities to provide three levels of interconnection to customer-generators.

62

Interconnection Standards | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Interconnection Standards Interconnection Standards Jump to: navigation, search Interconnection standards govern the technical and procedural process by which an electric customer connects an electric-generating system to the grid. Interconnection standards specify the technical, contractual, metering, and rate rules that system owners and utilities must abide by. Standards for systems interconnected at the distribution level are typically adopted by state public utility commissions, while the Federal Energy Regulatory Commission (FERC) has adopted standards for systems interconnected at the transmission level. Not all states have adopted interconnection standards, and some states’ standards apply only to investor-owned utilities – not to municipal utilities and electric cooperatives. [1]

63

Interconnection Standards | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Interconnection Standards Interconnection Standards Interconnection Standards < Back Eligibility Commercial Fed. Government Industrial Local Government Nonprofit Residential Schools State Government Savings Category Bioenergy Buying & Making Electricity Solar Wind Program Info State Nevada Program Type Interconnection Provider Public Utilities Commission of Nevada In December 2003, the Nevada Public Utilities Commission (PUC) adopted interconnection standards for customers of NV Energy (formerly Nevada Power and Sierra Pacific Power) with on-site generation up to 20 megawatts (MW) in capacity. These standards are largely consistent with IEEE 1547 standards, California's interconnection rule (California Rule 21) and the model interconnection agreement developed by the National Association of

64

Interconnection Standards | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Interconnection Standards Interconnection Standards Interconnection Standards < Back Eligibility Commercial Fed. Government Industrial Local Government Nonprofit Residential Schools State Government Savings Category Bioenergy Buying & Making Electricity Water Energy Sources Solar Wind Program Info State Maine Program Type Interconnection Provider Maine Public Utilities Commission The Maine Public Utility Commission (PUC) adopted interconnection procedures in January 2010. These rules apply to all transmission and distribution utilities operating in the state and apply to all distribution generation (not just renewables). Maine's interconnection procedures, based in part on the Interstate Renewable Energy Council Inc. 2006 Model Interconnection Procedures,* identify four different tiers with

65

Topic B Awardee: Eastern Interconnection States' Planning Council |  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Eastern Interconnection States' Eastern Interconnection States' Planning Council Topic B Awardee: Eastern Interconnection States' Planning Council The Eastern Interconnection States' Planning Council (EISPC) is an historic endeavor initially funded by an award from the United States Department of Energy (DOE) pursuant to a provision of the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act (ARRA). The goal is to create an unprecedented collaborative among the states in the Eastern Interconnection. Comprised of public utility commissions, Governors' offices, energy offices, and other key government representatives, this collaboration will foster and produce consistent and coordinated direction to the regional and interconnection-level analyses and planning. Significant state input and direction increases the probability that the outputs will be useful to the

66

, Analysis of U.S. Net Metering and Interconnection Policy  

SciTech Connect

Historically, the absence of interconnection standards has been one of the primary barriers to the deployment of distributed generation (DG) in the United States. Although significant progress in the development of interconnection standards was achieved at both the federal and state levels in 2005, interconnection policy and net-metering policy continue to confound regulators, lawmakers, DG businesses, clean-energy advocates and consumers. For this reason it is critical to keep track of developments related to these issues. The North Carolina Solar Center (NCSC) is home to two Interstate Renewable Energy Council (IREC) projects -- the National Interconnection Project and the Database of State Incentives for Renewable Energy (DSIRE). This paper will present the major federal and state level policy developments in interconnection and net metering in 2005 and early 2006. It will also present conclusions based an analysis of data collected by these two projects.

Haynes, Rusty; Cook, Chris

2006-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

67

Geothermal direct heat project, Marlin, Texas: Environmental assessment  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The Federal action addressed is retrofitting a heating and hot water system in a hospital at Marlin, Texas, with a geothermal preheat system. The project will be located within the existing hospital boiler room. One supply well will be drilled in an existing adjacent parking lot. Fluid disposal from operation will depend on fluid properties and may be by surface disposal to existing street drains, by surface disposal to a new drainage system, or by injection into a new injection well, depending on total dissolved solids (TDS) content. Environmental impacts of construction are expected to be small because of the existing structures and paved areas. Construction run-off and geothermal flow-test fluid will pass through a small pond in the city park, lowering its water quality, at least temporarily. Construction noise is not expected to be out of character with existing noises around the hospital. Project operation is not expected to produce significant impacts because of the decision point to determine fluid composition prior to designating a disposal method. Injection would be into a saline aquifer, and surface discharge would not appreciably lower water quality in the Brazos River.

Not Available

1979-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

68

SOFC INTERCONNECT DEVELOPMENT  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

An interconnect for an SOFC stack is used to connect fuel cells into a stack. SOFC stacks are expected to run for 40,000 hours and 10 thermal cycles for the stationary application and 10,000 hours and 7000 thermal cycles for the transportation application. The interconnect of a stack must be economical and robust enough to survive the SOFC stack operation temperature of 750 C and must maintain the electrical connection to the fuel cells throughout the lifetime and under thermal cycling conditions. Ferritic and austenitic stainless steels, and nickel-based superalloys were investigated as possible interconnect materials for solid oxide fuel cell (SOFC) stacks. The alloys were thermally cycled in air and in a wet nitrogen-argon-hydrogen (N2-Ar-H2-H2O) atmosphere. Thermogravimetry was used to determine the parabolic oxidation rate constants of the alloys in both atmospheres. The area-specific resistance of the oxide scale and metal substrates were measured using a two-probe technique with platinum contacts. The study identifies two new interconnect designs which can be used with both bonded and compressive stack sealing mechanisms. The new interconnect designs offer a solution to chromium vaporization, which can lead to degradation of some (chromium-sensitive) SOFC cathodes.

Diane M. England

2004-03-16T23:59:59.000Z

69

EIS-0450: TransWest Express 600 kV Direct Current Transmission Project in  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

0: TransWest Express 600 kV Direct Current Transmission 0: TransWest Express 600 kV Direct Current Transmission Project in Wyoming, Colorado, Utah, and Nevada EIS-0450: TransWest Express 600 kV Direct Current Transmission Project in Wyoming, Colorado, Utah, and Nevada Summary This EIS, being prepared jointly by DOE's Western Area Power Administration and the Department of the Interior's Bureau of Land Management (Wyoming State Office), evaluates the environmental impacts of granting a right-of-way for the TransWest Express 600-kilovolt Direct Current Transmission Project and amending a land use plan. The project consists of an overhead transmission line that would extend approximately 725 miles from south-central Wyoming, through Colorado and Utah. Western proposes to be a joint owner of the project. Public Comment Opportunities

70

Using a Collaborative Approach to Interconnection-Wide Transmission Analyses  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Interconnection-Wide Planning in Interconnection-Wide Planning in the Eastern Interconnection EIPC Update for the DOE Electricity Advisory Committee October 20, 2011 David A. Whiteley Presentation Topics * Update on process and structure * Study results so far * Value unlocked * What's next 2 Update on Process and Structure * EIPC - 26 EI Planning Authorities (Planning Coordinators) * Integrate and analyze approved regional plans * Develop interregional expansion scenarios to be studied * Develop interregional transmission expansion options * Consistent with Orders 890 and 1000 * Self-funded * Primary activity is DOE funded interconnection studies project - 2 phases 3 Who are the PAs? * Alcoa Power Generating * American Transmission Co. * Duke Energy Carolinas * Electric Energy Inc. * Entergy *

71

interconnect | OpenEI  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

interconnect interconnect Dataset Summary Description Emissions from energy use in buildings are usually estimated on an annual basis using annual average multipliers. Using annual numbers provides a reasonable estimation of emissions, but it provides no indication of the temporal nature of the emissions. Therefore, there is no way of understanding the impact on emissions from load shifting and peak shaving technologies such as thermal energy storage, on-site renewable energy, and demand control. Source NREL Date Released April 11th, 2011 (3 years ago) Date Updated April 11th, 2011 (3 years ago) Keywords buildings carbon dioxide emissions carbon footprinting CO2 commercial buildings electricity emission factors ERCOT hourly emission factors interconnect nitrogen oxides NOx

72

Research and Development of Information on Geothermal Direct Heat Application Projects  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

This is the first annual report of ICF's geothermal R&D project for the Department of Energy's Idaho Operations Office. The overall objective of this project is to compile, analyze, and report on data from geothermal direct heat application projects. Ultimately, this research should convey the information developed through DOE's and Program Opportunity Notice (PON) activities as well as through other pioneering geothermal direct heat application projects to audiences which can use the early results in new, independent initiatives. A key audience is potential geothermal investors.

Hederman, William F., Jr.; Cohen, Laura A.

1981-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

73

Interconnection Standards | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Interconnection Standards Interconnection Standards Interconnection Standards < Back Eligibility Agricultural Commercial Fed. Government Industrial Institutional Local Government Nonprofit Residential Schools State Government Savings Category Bioenergy Commercial Heating & Cooling Manufacturing Buying & Making Electricity Alternative Fuel Vehicles Hydrogen & Fuel Cells Water Energy Sources Solar Home Weatherization Wind Program Info State Pennsylvania Program Type Interconnection Provider Pennsylvania Public Utility Commission The Pennsylvania Public Utilities Commission was required to adopt interconnection standards and net-metering rules by the Alternative Energy Portfolio Standards Act of 2004.The PUC subsequently adopted interconnection standards for net-metered distributed generation (DG)

74

Interconnection Standards | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Interconnection Standards Interconnection Standards Interconnection Standards < Back Eligibility Agricultural Commercial Fed. Government Industrial Institutional Local Government Nonprofit Residential Schools State Government Tribal Government Savings Category Bioenergy Commercial Heating & Cooling Manufacturing Buying & Making Electricity Alternative Fuel Vehicles Hydrogen & Fuel Cells Water Wind Energy Sources Solar Home Weatherization Program Info State South Dakota Program Type Interconnection Provider S.D. Public Utilities Commission South Dakota's interconnection standards for distributed generation, adopted by the state Public Utilities Commission (PUC) in May 2009, apply to customers of investor-owned utilities.* The rules provide for four levels of interconnection for systems up to 10 megawatts (MW) in capacity:

75

Interconnection Standards | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Interconnection Standards Interconnection Standards Interconnection Standards < Back Eligibility Commercial Fed. Government Industrial Institutional Local Government Nonprofit Residential Schools State Government Savings Category Bioenergy Commercial Heating & Cooling Manufacturing Buying & Making Electricity Alternative Fuel Vehicles Hydrogen & Fuel Cells Water Wind Energy Sources Solar Home Weatherization Program Info State Michigan Program Type Interconnection Provider Michigan Public Service Commission The Michigan Public Service Commission (PSC) first adopted interconnection standards for distributed generation (DG) in September 2003. The original standards provided for 5 levels of interconnection with cutoffs at 30 kilowatts (kW), 150 kW, 750 kW, and 2 megawatts (MW), but left many details

76

Interconnection Standards | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Interconnection Standards Interconnection Standards Interconnection Standards < Back Eligibility Agricultural Commercial Fed. Government Industrial Institutional Local Government Nonprofit Residential Schools State Government Savings Category Bioenergy Commercial Heating & Cooling Manufacturing Buying & Making Electricity Alternative Fuel Vehicles Hydrogen & Fuel Cells Water Solar Wind Program Info State Oregon Program Type Interconnection Provider Oregon Public Utility Commission Oregon has three separate interconnection standards: one for net-metered systems, one for small generator facilities (non-net metered systems) and one for large generator facilities (non-net metered systems). Oregon has also established separate net metering requirements and interconnection standards for the state's primary investor-owned utilities (PGE and

77

Interconnection Standards | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Interconnection Standards Interconnection Standards Interconnection Standards < Back Eligibility Agricultural Commercial Fed. Government Industrial Institutional Local Government Nonprofit Residential Schools State Government Savings Category Bioenergy Commercial Heating & Cooling Manufacturing Buying & Making Electricity Alternative Fuel Vehicles Hydrogen & Fuel Cells Water Wind Energy Sources Solar Home Weatherization Program Info State District of Columbia Program Type Interconnection Provider Washington Utilities and Transportation Commission In September 2007, the Washington Utilities and Transportation Commission (UTC) adopted interconnection standards for distributed generation (DG) systems up to 20 megawatts (MW) in capacity. The revised standards provide for two separate levels of interconnection based on system capacity. The

78

Interconnection Standards | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Interconnection Standards Interconnection Standards Interconnection Standards < Back Eligibility Agricultural Commercial Industrial Institutional Local Government Nonprofit Residential Schools State Government Savings Category Bioenergy Solar Buying & Making Electricity Home Weatherization Water Wind Program Info State Kentucky Program Type Interconnection Provider Kentucky Public Service Commission In April 2008, Kentucky enacted legislation which required the Kentucky Public Service Commission (PSC) to develop interconnection and net metering guidelines for all retail electric suppliers operating in Kentucky (excluding TVA utilities). The Kentucky PSC adopted those guidelines on January 8, 2009 (Order 2008-00169). The PSC's rules set forth a two-tiered approach to simplify the interconnection process:

79

Interconnection Standards | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Interconnection Standards Interconnection Standards Interconnection Standards < Back Eligibility Agricultural Commercial Fed. Government Industrial Institutional Local Government Nonprofit Residential Schools State Government Savings Category Bioenergy Commercial Heating & Cooling Manufacturing Buying & Making Electricity Alternative Fuel Vehicles Hydrogen & Fuel Cells Water Energy Sources Solar Wind Program Info State Maryland Program Type Interconnection Provider Maryland Public Service Commission In April 2007, Maryland enacted legislation ([http://mgaleg.maryland.gov/2007RS/chapters_noln/Ch_119_sb0595E.pdf S.B. 595]) requiring the Maryland Public Service Commission (PSC) to form a small generator interconnection working group to develop interconnection standards and procedures that are "consistent with nationally adopted

80

Interconnection Standards | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Interconnection Standards Interconnection Standards Interconnection Standards < Back Eligibility Agricultural Commercial Fed. Government Industrial Institutional Local Government Nonprofit Residential Schools State Government Savings Category Bioenergy Commercial Heating & Cooling Manufacturing Buying & Making Electricity Alternative Fuel Vehicles Hydrogen & Fuel Cells Water Wind Energy Sources Solar Program Info State New York Program Type Interconnection Provider New York State Department of Public Service New York first adopted uniform interconnection standards in 1999 (see history below). The Standard Interconnection Requirements (SIR) have subsequently been amended several times since, most recently with the adoption of far reaching revisions in February 2009. Several more minor

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "direct interconnection project" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


81

Interconnection Standards | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Interconnection Standards Interconnection Standards Interconnection Standards < Back Eligibility Commercial Fed. Government Industrial Local Government Nonprofit Residential Schools State Government Savings Category Bioenergy Commercial Heating & Cooling Manufacturing Buying & Making Electricity Alternative Fuel Vehicles Hydrogen & Fuel Cells Water Wind Energy Sources Solar Program Info State Connecticut Program Type Interconnection Provider Public Utilities Regulatory Authority In December 2007, the Connecticut Department of Public Utility Control (DPUC) now called the Public Utilities Regulatory Authority (PURA) approved new interconnection guidelines for distributed energy systems up to 20 megawatts (MW) in capacity. Connecticut's interconnection guidelines apply to the state's two investor-owned utilities -- Connecticut Light and Power

82

Interconnection Guidelines | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Interconnection Guidelines Interconnection Guidelines Interconnection Guidelines < Back Eligibility Agricultural Commercial Fed. Government Industrial Institutional Local Government Nonprofit Residential Schools State Government Savings Category Bioenergy Alternative Fuel Vehicles Hydrogen & Fuel Cells Water Buying & Making Electricity Energy Sources Solar Wind Program Info State Delaware Program Type Interconnection Provider Delaware Public Service Commission '''''Note: Delaware law ([http://delcode.delaware.gov/title26/c010/index.shtml#1014 26 Del. C. § 1014]) requires the Delaware Public Service Commission (PSC), Delaware Electric Cooperative (DEC), and municipal utilities to develop interconnection rules using as a guide the Interstate Renewable Energy Council's (IREC) model interconnection rules and the U.S. Department of

83

Interconnection Guidelines | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Interconnection Guidelines Interconnection Guidelines Interconnection Guidelines < Back Eligibility Commercial Industrial Residential Savings Category Bioenergy Commercial Heating & Cooling Manufacturing Buying & Making Electricity Alternative Fuel Vehicles Hydrogen & Fuel Cells Water Wind Energy Sources Solar Program Info State Arizona Program Type Interconnection Provider Arizona Corporation Commission '''''Note: In June 2007, the Arizona Corporation Commission (ACC) initiated a rulemaking process to establish statewide interconnection standards for distributed generation (DG). This proceeding is still in progress. Until the new official rules go into effect, the commission has recommended that the utilities use the [http://images.edocket.azcc.gov/docketpdf/0000074361.pdf Interconnection

84

Interconnection Standards | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Interconnection Standards Interconnection Standards Interconnection Standards < Back Eligibility Commercial Fed. Government Industrial Nonprofit Residential Schools State Government Savings Category Bioenergy Commercial Heating & Cooling Manufacturing Buying & Making Electricity Alternative Fuel Vehicles Hydrogen & Fuel Cells Water Wind Energy Sources Solar Program Info State Hawaii Program Type Interconnection Provider Hawaii Public Utilities Commission Hawaii has established simplified interconnection rules for small renewables and separate rules for all other distributed generation (DG). For inverter-based systems up to 10 kilowatts (kW) in capacity (and inverter-based DG under 250 kW on islands other than Kauai), there is a simple application process for interconnection. Systems must use inverters

85

Interconnection Standards | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Interconnection Standards Interconnection Standards Interconnection Standards < Back Eligibility Agricultural Commercial Fed. Government Industrial Institutional Local Government Nonprofit Residential Schools State Government Savings Category Bioenergy Commercial Heating & Cooling Manufacturing Buying & Making Electricity Alternative Fuel Vehicles Hydrogen & Fuel Cells Wind Energy Sources Solar Home Weatherization Water Program Info State North Carolina Program Type Interconnection Provider North Carolina Utilities Commission The North Carolina Utilities Commission (NCUC) adopted comprehensive interconnection standards for distributed generation in June 2008. The NCUC standards, which are similar to the Federal Energy Regulatory Commission's (FERC) interconnection standards for small generators,

86

Interconnection of asynchronous Boolean networks, asymptotic and transient dynamics  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The dynamics of the interconnection of two Boolean networks is analyzed directly from the properties of the two individual modules. Motivated by biological systems where multiple timescales are present, we consider asynchronous Boolean networks, whose ... Keywords: Asynchronous Boolean networks, Model reduction, Multicellular systems, System interconnection

Laurent Tournier; Madalena Chaves

2013-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

87

Advanced Unit Commitment Strategies in the United States Eastern Interconnection  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

This project sought to evaluate the impacts of high wind penetrations on the U.S. Eastern Interconnection and analyze how different unit commitment strategies may affect these impacts.

Meibom, P.; Larsen, H. V.; Barth, R.; Brand, H.; Tuohy, A.; Ela, E.

2011-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

88

Geothermal direct-heat utilization assistance. Quarterly project progress report, January--March 1994  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The Geo-Heat Center provides technical assistance on geothermal direct heat applications to developers, consultants and the public which could include: data and information on low-temperature (< 1500 C) resources, space and district heating, geothermal heat pumps, greenhouses, aquaculture, industrial processes and other technologies. This assistance could include preliminary engineering feasibility studies, review of direct-use project plans, assistance in project material and equipment selection, analysis and solutions of project operating problems, and information on resources and utilization. The following are brief descriptions of technical assistance provided during the second quarter of the program.

Not Available

1994-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

89

Pre-Certification Testing of Vendor Interconnection Products  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A recent EPRI-sponsored project surveyed the state of interconnection hardware and practices used in the connection of distributed generation and storage to the electric power system. The assessment reviewed the adequacy of these products and practices to meet expected future distributed generation (DR) applications and identified gaps in knowledge. The project also tested the performance of several available interconnection products used for protective relaying and paralleling functions. This report giv...

2002-11-22T23:59:59.000Z

90

Interconnection Standards | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Interconnection Standards Interconnection Standards Interconnection Standards < Back Eligibility Commercial Industrial Residential Savings Category Bioenergy Commercial Heating & Cooling Manufacturing Buying & Making Electricity Alternative Fuel Vehicles Hydrogen & Fuel Cells Water Wind Energy Sources Solar Program Info State Texas Program Type Interconnection Provider Public Utility Commission of Texas The Texas Public Utility Regulatory Act (PURA) of 1999 included a provision that "a customer is entitled to have access to on-site distributed generation". As a result, the Public Utility Commission of Texas (PUCT) adopted interconnection standards in 1999. The rules apply to electrical generating facilities (consisting of one or more on-site distributed-generation units) located at a customer's point of delivery,

91

Interconnection Standards | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Interconnection Standards Interconnection Standards Interconnection Standards < Back Eligibility Commercial Fed. Government Industrial Local Government Nonprofit Residential Schools State Government Savings Category Bioenergy Commercial Heating & Cooling Manufacturing Buying & Making Electricity Alternative Fuel Vehicles Hydrogen & Fuel Cells Water Wind Energy Sources Solar Program Info State Minnesota Program Type Interconnection Provider Minnesota Public Utilities Commission Minnesota's net-metering law, enacted in 1983, applies to all investor-owned utilities, municipal utilities and rural electric cooperatives. Qualifying facilities of less than 1,000 kilowatts (kW) are eligible for net metering. However, uniform interconnection regulations were not implemented when net metering was established.

92

Interconnection Standards | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

You are here You are here Home » Interconnection Standards Interconnection Standards < Back Eligibility Agricultural Commercial Fed. Government Industrial Institutional Local Government Nonprofit Residential Schools State Government Savings Category Bioenergy Commercial Heating & Cooling Manufacturing Buying & Making Electricity Water Solar Wind Program Info State Iowa Program Type Interconnection Provider Iowa Utilities Board Different rules govern the interconnection of distributed generation facilities in Iowa, depending on whether or not the interconnection is with a utility whose rates are regulated by the Iowa Utilities Board (IUB). Rate regulated utilities include only the state's two investor-owned utilities -- MidAmerican Energy and Interstate Power and Light (IPL) -- and Linn

93

Interconnection Standards | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Interconnection Standards Interconnection Standards Interconnection Standards < Back Eligibility Agricultural Commercial Fed. Government Industrial Institutional Local Government Multi-Family Residential Nonprofit Residential Schools State Government Savings Category Bioenergy Alternative Fuel Vehicles Hydrogen & Fuel Cells Buying & Making Electricity Solar Water Wind Program Info State New Jersey Program Type Interconnection Provider New Jersey Board of Public Utilities New Jersey's interconnection standards apply statewide to all electric distribution utilities, but not to the small number of municipal utilities and electric cooperatives in the state. The rules, first adopted in 2001, have been revised several times since their inception, most recently in May 2012. The current standards include the following basic provisions:

94

Interconnection Standards | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Interconnection Standards Interconnection Standards Interconnection Standards < Back Eligibility Agricultural Commercial Industrial Institutional Nonprofit Residential Schools Utility Savings Category Bioenergy Commercial Heating & Cooling Manufacturing Buying & Making Electricity Alternative Fuel Vehicles Hydrogen & Fuel Cells Water Wind Energy Sources Solar Program Info State Colorado Program Type Interconnection Provider Colorado Public Utilities Commission In December 2005, the Colorado Public Utilities Commission (PUC) adopted standards for net metering and interconnection, as required by Amendment 37, a renewable-energy ballot initiative approved by Colorado voters in November 2004. The PUC standards generally apply to utilities with 40,000 or more customers and all cooperative utilities.*

95

Interconnection Standards | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Interconnection Standards Interconnection Standards Interconnection Standards < Back Eligibility Agricultural Commercial Fed. Government General Public/Consumer Industrial Institutional Local Government Nonprofit Residential Schools State Government Tribal Government Savings Category Bioenergy Commercial Heating & Cooling Manufacturing Buying & Making Electricity Water Alternative Fuel Vehicles Hydrogen & Fuel Cells Solar Home Weatherization Wind Program Info State Florida Program Type Interconnection Provider Florida Public Service Commission In March 2008, the Florida Public Service Commission (PSC) adopted interconnection rules for renewable-energy systems up to two megawatts (MW) in capacity. The PSC rules apply only to the state's investor-owned utilities; the rules do not apply to electric cooperatives or municipal

96

Interconnection Standards | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

You are here You are here Home » Interconnection Standards Interconnection Standards < Back Eligibility Agricultural Commercial Residential Savings Category Bioenergy Commercial Heating & Cooling Manufacturing Buying & Making Electricity Alternative Fuel Vehicles Hydrogen & Fuel Cells Wind Energy Sources Solar Program Info State Vermont Program Type Interconnection Provider Vermont Public Service Board Vermont has adopted separate interconnection standards for net-metered energy systems that are 150 kW or less, and for all other distributed-generation (DG) systems. '''Interconnection Standards for Net-Metered Systems 150 kW or less''' Vermont requires electric utilities to offer net metering to all customers with photovoltaic (PV) systems, wind-energy systems, fuel cells or

97

Interconnection Standards | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Interconnection Standards Interconnection Standards Interconnection Standards < Back Eligibility Commercial Fed. Government Industrial Institutional Local Government Low-Income Residential Multi-Family Residential Nonprofit Residential Schools State Government Savings Category Bioenergy Biofuels Alternative Fuel Vehicles Commercial Heating & Cooling Manufacturing Buying & Making Electricity Hydrogen & Fuel Cells Water Wind Energy Sources Solar Home Weatherization Program Info State Wisconsin Program Type Interconnection Provider Public Service Commission of Wisconsin In February 2004, the Wisconsin Public Service Commission adopted interconnection standards for distributed generation (DG) systems up to 15 megawatts (MW) in capacity. All investor-owned utilities (IOUs) and municipal utilities are required to abide by the standard provisions.

98

Interconnection Guidelines | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Interconnection Guidelines Interconnection Guidelines Interconnection Guidelines < Back Eligibility Agricultural Commercial Fed. Government Industrial Institutional Local Government Nonprofit Residential Schools State Government Savings Category Bioenergy Commercial Heating & Cooling Manufacturing Buying & Making Electricity Alternative Fuel Vehicles Hydrogen & Fuel Cells Wind Energy Sources Solar Home Weatherization Water Program Info State South Carolina Program Type Interconnection Provider Public Service Commission of South Carolina The South Carolina Public Service Commission (PSC) adopted simplified interconnection guidelines for small distributed generation (DG) in December 2006. These guidelines address renewable-energy systems and other forms of DG up to 20 kilowatts (kW) in capacity for residential systems,

99

Interconnection Guidelines | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Interconnection Guidelines Interconnection Guidelines Interconnection Guidelines < Back Eligibility Agricultural Commercial Industrial Residential Savings Category Bioenergy Buying & Making Electricity Solar Home Weatherization Water Wind Program Info State Nebraska Program Type Interconnection Provider Nebraska Energy Office Nebraska enacted legislation in May 2009 [http://nebraskalegislature.gov/FloorDocs/101/PDF/Final/LB436.pdf (LB 436)], establishing general rules for interconnecting and net metering systems that generate electricity. Nebraska's policy applies to systems that use solar, wind, methane, biomass, hydropower or geothermal resources to produce electricity and have a rated capacity of 25 kilowatts (kW) or less. To be eligible, a facility must meet all applicable safety, performance,

100

Interconnection Standards | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Interconnection Standards Interconnection Standards Interconnection Standards < Back Eligibility Commercial Fed. Government Industrial Local Government Nonprofit Residential Schools State Government Savings Category Bioenergy Buying & Making Electricity Water Solar Wind Program Info State Virginia Program Type Interconnection Provider Virginia State Corporation Commission Virginia has two interconnection standards: one for net-metered systems and one for systems that are not net-metered. '''Interconnection for Net-Metered Systems''' Customer-generators that net meter must comply with the interconnection rules within the regulations governing net metering (20 VAC 5-315-40). These rules apply to residential customers generating up to 10 kW* and commercial systems of up to 500 kW (or greater if the utility's net

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "direct interconnection project" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


101

PHASE II CALDERON PROCESS TO PRODUCE DIRECT REDUCED IRON RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT PROJECT  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This project was initially targeted to the making of coke for blast furnaces by using proprietary technology of Calderon in a phased approach, and Phase I was successfully completed. The project was then re-directed to the making of iron units. U.S. Steel teamed up with Calderon for a joint effort which will last 30 months to produce directly reduced iron with the potential of converting it into molten iron or steel consistent with the Roadmap recommendations of 1998 prepared by the Steel Industry in cooperation with the Department of Energy.

Albert Calderon

2003-01-28T23:59:59.000Z

102

Phase II Calderon Process to Produce Direct Reduced Iron Research and Development Project  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This project was initially targeted to the making of coke for blast furnaces by using proprietary technology of Calderon in a phased approach, and Phase I was successfully completed. The project was then re-directed to the making of iron units. U.S. Steel teamed up with Calderon for a joint effort which will last 42 months to produce directly reduced iron with the potential of converting it into molten iron or steel consistent with the Roadmap recommendations of 1998 prepared by the Steel Industry in cooperation with the Department of Energy.

Albert Calderon

2003-06-30T23:59:59.000Z

103

PHASE II CALDERON PROCESS TO PRODUCE DIRECT REDUCED IRON RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT PROJECT  

SciTech Connect

This project was initially targeted to the making of coke for blast furnaces by using proprietary technology of Calderon in a phased approach, and Phase I was successfully completed. The project was then re-directed to the making of iron units. U.S. Steel teamed up with Calderon for a joint effort which will last 30 months to produce directly reduced iron with the potential of converting it into molten iron or steel consistent with the Roadmap recommendations of 1998 prepared by the Steel Industry in cooperation with the Department of Energy.

Albert Calderon

2003-04-28T23:59:59.000Z

104

Geothermal direct-heat utilization assistance. Quarterly project progress report, January--March 1996  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

This report summarizes geothermal technical assistance, R&D, and technology transfer activities of the Geo-Heat Center. It describes 95 contacts with parties during this period related to technical assistance with goethermal direct heat projects. Areas dealt with include geothermal heat pumps, space heating, greenhouses, aquaculture, equipment, economics, and resources. Research activities are summarized on geothermal district heating system cost evaluation and silica waste utilization project. Outreach activities include publication of a geothermal direct use Bulletin, dissemination of information, goethermal library, technical papers and seminars, and progress monitor reports on geothermal resources and utilization.

NONE

1996-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

105

Geothermal Direct Use Program Opportunity Notice Projects Lessons Learned Final Report  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The use of geothermal energy for direct-use applications was aided through the development of a number of successful field experiment projects funded on a cost-shared basis by the US Department of Energy, Division of Geothermal Technology. This document provides a summary of the projects administered by the US Department of Energy's Idaho Operations Office and technically monitored through the Idaho National Engineering Laboratory (EG and G Idaho, Inc.). An overview of significant findings and conclusions is provided, as are project descriptions and activities, resource development, design, construction, and operational features. Legal and institutional considerations are also discussed.

Lunis, B.C.

1986-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

106

Economic and Conservation Evaluation of Capital Renovation Projects: Cameron County Irrigation District No. 2 (San Benito) Interconnect Between Canals 39 and 13-A1 and Replacement of Rio Grande Diversion Pumping Plant  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Initial construction costs and net annual changes in operating and maintenance expenses are identified for the capital renovation project proposed by the Cameron County Irrigation District No. 2 (a.k.a. San Benito) to the North American Development Bank (NADBank) and Bureau of Reclamation. Both nominal and real, expected economic and financial costs of water and energy savings are identified throughout the anticipated useful lives for both components of the proposed project (i.e., a lined interconnect between Canals 39 and 13-A1 and replacement of the Rio Grande diversion pumping plant). Sensitivity results for both the cost of water savings and cost of energy savings are presented for several important parameters. Expected cost of water savings and cost of energy savings for both components are aggregated into a composite set of cost measures for the total proposed project. Aggregate cost of water savings is estimated to be $41.26 per ac-ft and energy savings are measured at an aggregate value of $0.0001586 per BTU (i.e., $0.541 per kwh). In addition, expected values are indicated for the Bureau of Reclamations three principal evaluation measures specified in the United States Public Law 106-576 legislation. The aggregate initial construction cost per ac-ft of water savings measure is $157.07 per ac-ft of water savings. The aggregate initial construction cost per BTU (kwh) of energy savings measure is $0.0001777 per BTU ($0.606 per kwh). The ratio of initial construction costs per dollar of total annual economic savings is estimated to be -3.80.

Rister, M. Edward; Lacewell, Ronald D.; Sturdivant, Allen W.; Robinson, John R.C.; Popp, Michael C.; Ellis, John R.

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

107

FUNDAMENTAL STUDIES OF THE DURABILITY OF MATERIALS FOR INTERCONNECTS IN SOLID OXIDE FUEL CELLS  

SciTech Connect

This report describes the result of the first eight months of effort on a project directed at improving metallic interconnect materials for solid oxide fuel cells (SOFCs). The results include cyclic oxidation studies of a group of ferritic alloys, which are candidate interconnect materials. The exposures have been carried out in simulated fuel cell atmospheres. The oxidation morphologies have been characterized and the ASR has been measured for the oxide scales. The effect of fuel cell electric current density on chromia growth rates has been considered The thermomechanical behavior of the scales has been investigated by stress measurements using x-ray diffraction and interfacial fracture toughness measurements using indentation. The ultimate goal of this thrust is to use knowledge of changes in oxide thickness, stress and adhesion to develop accelerated testing methods for evaluating SOFC interconnect alloys. Finally a theoretical assessment of the potential for use of ''new'' metallic materials as interconnect materials has been conducted and is presented in this report. Alloys being considered include materials based on pure nickel, materials based on the ''Invar'' concept, and coated materials to optimize properties in both the anode and cathode gases.

Frederick S. Pettit; Gerald H. Meier

2003-06-30T23:59:59.000Z

108

New transmission project will help California meet summer ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

The project also interconnected with the control area of Southern California Edison's Edison International transmission system.

109

Notice of Availability of the Record of Decision for the Electrical Interconnection of the Satsop Combustion Turbine Project (5/8/02)  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

5 5 Federal Register / Vol. 67, No. 89 / Wednesday, May 8, 2002 / Notices [FR Doc. 02-11308 Filed 5-7-02; 8:45 am] BILLING CODE 4000-01-C DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY [Solicitation Number DE-PS36-02GO92004] Hydrogen Research and Development AGENCY: Golden Field Office, DOE. ACTION: Issuance of Solicitation for Financial Assistance Applications. SUMMARY: The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) is announcing its intention to seek Financial Assistance Applications for research and development (R&D) projects involving technologies for the production, storage, and utilization of hydrogen. DATES: Issuance of the Solicitation is planned for no later than early May, 2002. ADDRESSES: To obtain a copy of the Solicitation once it is issued, interested parties should access the DOE Golden Field Office home page at http://

110

Interconnection Guidelines | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Interconnection Guidelines Interconnection Guidelines Interconnection Guidelines < Back Eligibility Commercial Fed. Government Industrial Institutional Local Government Nonprofit Residential Schools State Government Savings Category Alternative Fuel Vehicles Hydrogen & Fuel Cells Water Buying & Making Electricity Solar Wind Program Info State Missouri Program Type Interconnection Provider Missouri Department of Natural Resources Missouri enacted legislation (S.B. 54) in June 2007 requiring all of the state's electric utilities -- including municipal utilities and electric cooperatives -- to offer net metering to customers with systems up to 100 kilowatts (kW) in capacity that generate electricity using wind energy, solar-thermal energy, hydroelectric energy, photovoltaics (PV), fuel cells

111

Interconnection Standards | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

(S.B. 680) requiring the Illinois Commerce Commission (ICC) to establish standards for net metering and interconnection for renewable energy systems by April 1, 2008....

112

Interconnection Standards | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Interconnection Standards Interconnection Standards Interconnection Standards < Back Eligibility Agricultural Commercial Fed. Government Industrial Institutional Local Government Nonprofit Residential Schools State Government Savings Category Bioenergy Biofuels Alternative Fuel Vehicles Commercial Heating & Cooling Manufacturing Buying & Making Electricity Hydrogen & Fuel Cells Water Energy Sources Solar Home Weatherization Wind Program Info State New Hampshire Program Type Interconnection Provider New Hampshire Public Utilities Commission New Hampshire requires all utilities selling electricity in the state to offer net metering to customers who own or operate systems up to one megawatt (1 MW) in capacity that generate electricity using solar, wind, geothermal, hydro, tidal, wave, biomass, landfill gas, bio-oil or

113

Interconnection Guidelines | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

net-metering law includes basic interconnection requirements for systems up to 25 kilowatts (kW) in capacity that generate electricity using solar, wind, hydropower or biomass...

114

Non-personnel OMB A-21 Exceptions Direct Charging to Federal Projects Direct charging costs to federal grants which are typically considered F&A may be  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

are met. These conditions include: 1. items are required by the projects scope of work 2. costs can be specifically and easily identified to this project 3. the number and/or cost of the items needed is clearly use on a project, charges may be allowable as direct costs if appropriately justified. Office supplies

Hall, Daniel

115

Direct Application of TiBor Coatings Projects (4583), 3/12/2012  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Direct Application of Ti8or Coatings Projects (4583) Direct Application of Ti8or Coatings Projects (4583) Program or Field Office: Y-12 Site Office Location(s) (City/County/State): Oak Ridge, Anderson County, Tennessee Proposed Action Description: Submit by E-mail The scope of this Cooperative Research and Development (CRADA) is to demonstrate the performance of Ti8or coatings on steel tools, specifically farming tools such as plows, which are normally subjected to significant wear during springtime use. Categorical Exclusion(s) Applied: 83.6 - Small-scale research and development, laboratory operations, and pilot projects 83.11 - Outdoor tests and experiments on materials and equipment components For the complete DOE National Environmental Policy Act regulations regarding categorical exclusions, including the full text of each

116

DOE 2010 Safety and Security Reform Project - HSS Directives Disposition and Status (December 4, 2012)  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

10 Safety and Security Reform Project - HSS Directives Disposition and Status (December 4, 2012) 10 Safety and Security Reform Project - HSS Directives Disposition and Status (December 4, 2012) Page 1 of 3 2010 HSS Directives Disposition Status Secretary of Energy Notice SEN-35-91, Nuclear Safety Policy Revise Complete - see Policy 420.1. Order 5400.5, Radiation Protection of the Public and the Environment Revise Complete - see Order 458.1. Order 5480.19, Conduct of Operations Requirements for DOE Facilities Revise Complete - see Order 422.1. Order 5480.20A, Personnel Selection, Training, Qualification, and Certification Requirements Revise Complete - see Order 426.2. Order 5480.30, Nuclear Reactor Design Criteria Re-certify Complete - re-certified. Manual 140.1-1B, Interface with the Defense Nuclear Facilities Safety Board Re-certify Complete - re-certified.

117

Energy and water in the Western and Texas interconnects.  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The Department of Energy's Office of Electricity has initiated a $60M program to assist the electric industry in interconnection-level analysis and planning. The objective of this effort is to facilitate the development or strengthening of capabilities in each of the three interconnections serving the lower 48 states of the United States, to prepare analyses of transmission requirements under a broad range of alternative futures and develop long-term interconnection-wide transmission expansion plans. The interconnections are the Western Interconnection, the Eastern Interconnection, and the Texas Interconnection. One element of this program address the support and development of an integrated energy-water Decision Support System (DSS) that will enable planners in the Western and Texas Interconnections to analyze the potential implications of water stress for transmission and resource planning (the Eastern Interconnection is not participating in this element). Specific objectives include: (1) Develop an integrated Energy-Water Decision Support System (DSS) that will enable planners in the Western and Texas Interconnections to analyze the potential implications of water stress for transmission and resource planning. (2) Pursue the formulation and development of the Energy-Water DSS through a strongly collaborative process between members of this proposal team and the Western Electricity Coordinating Council (WECC), Western Governors Association (WGA), the Electric Reliability Council of Texas (ERCOT) and their associated stakeholder teams. (3) Exercise the Energy-Water DSS to investigate water stress implications of the transmission planning scenarios put forward by WECC, WGA, and ERCOT. The goals of this project are: (1) Develop an integrated Energy-Water Decision Support System (DSS) that will enable planners to analyze the potential implications of water stress for transmission and resource planning. (2) Pursue the formulation and development of the Energy-Water DSS through a strongly collaborative process between Western Electricity Coordinating Council, Electric Reliability Council of Texas, Western Governors Association, and Western States Water Council. (3) Exercise the Energy-Water DSS to investigate water transmission planning scenarios.

Tidwell, Vincent Carroll

2010-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

118

Eastern Interconnection Planning Collaborative News Release  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

1 1 NEWS RELEASE FOR IMMEDIATE RELEASE May 23, 2011 Contact: David Whiteley d.a.whiteley@att.net 314-753-6200 Eastern Interconnection Grid Planning Authorities to Study Set of Stakeholder-Identified Electric System Futures The Eastern Interconnection Planning Collaborative (EIPC) today announced that its diverse array of stakeholders has reached consensus on the final set of "resource expansion futures" to be studied as part of the electric system transmission planning effort funded by the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE). "We have taken a major step forward with the stakeholder-defined specifications for the resource futures to be considered in the macroeconomic analysis in Phase I of the Project. The stakeholders are to be congratulated for their hard work in achieving a

119

Interconnection Standards | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Interconnection Standards Interconnection Standards Interconnection Standards < Back Eligibility Commercial Fed. Government Industrial Local Government Nonprofit Residential Schools State Government Savings Category Bioenergy Commercial Heating & Cooling Manufacturing Buying & Making Electricity Alternative Fuel Vehicles Hydrogen & Fuel Cells Water Wind Energy Sources Solar Program Info State New Mexico Program Type Interconnection Provider New Mexico Public Regulation Commission Interconnection in New Mexico is governed by New Mexico Public Regulation Commission (PRC) Rule 568 and Rule 569. These rules, adopted in July 2008, revised and clarified the state's existing rules. Rule 569 applies to all qualifying facilities (QFs) under PURPA, which generally includes all renewable-energy systems and combined-heat-and-power (CHP) systems up to 80

120

Interconnection Standards | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Interconnection Standards Interconnection Standards Interconnection Standards < Back Eligibility Commercial Fed. Government Industrial Local Government Nonprofit Residential Schools State Government Savings Category Bioenergy Commercial Heating & Cooling Manufacturing Buying & Making Electricity Alternative Fuel Vehicles Hydrogen & Fuel Cells Water Wind Energy Sources Solar Program Info State Ohio Program Type Interconnection Provider Ohio Public Utilities Commission '''''Note: In July 2012, the Public Utilities Commission of Ohio (PUCO) opened a docket ([http://dis.puc.state.oh.us/CaseRecord.aspx?CaseNo=12-2051&x=0&y=0 Case 12-0251-EL-ORD]) to review the net metering and interconnection rules for investor-owned utilities. Details will be posted as more information is available.'''''

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "direct interconnection project" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


121

interconnect region | OpenEI  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

interconnect region interconnect region Dataset Summary Description Datasets are for the US electricity grid system interconnect regions (ASCC, FRCC, HICC, MRO, NPCC, RFC, SERC, SPP, TRE, WECC) for 2008. The data is provided in life cycle inventory (LCI) forms (both xls and xml). A module report and a detailed spreadsheet are also included. Source US Life Cycle Inventory Database Date Released May 01st, 2011 (3 years ago) Date Updated Unknown Keywords ASCC FRCC HICC interconnect region LCI life cycle inventory MRO NPCC RFC SERC SPP TRE unit process US utilities WECC Data application/zip icon interconnect_lci_datasets_2008.zip (zip, 6.3 MiB) Quality Metrics Level of Review Some Review Comment Temporal and Spatial Coverage Frequency Time Period License License Open Data Commons Public Domain Dedication and Licence (PDDL)

122

Process for electrically interconnecting electrodes  

SciTech Connect

Electrical interconnects for solar cells or other electronic components using a silver-silicone paste or a lead-tin (Pb--Sn) no-clean fluxless solder cream, whereby the high breakage of thin (<6 mil thick) solar cells using conventional solder interconnect is eliminated. The interconnects of this invention employs copper strips which are secured to the solar cells by a silver-silicone conductive paste which can be used at room temperature, or by a Pb--Sn solder cream which eliminates undesired residue on the active surfaces of the solar cells. Electrical testing using the interconnects of this invention has shown that no degradation of the interconnects developed under high current testing, while providing a very low contact resistance value.

Carey, Paul G. (Mountain View, CA); Thompson, Jesse B. (Brentwood, CA); Colella, Nicolas J. (Livermore, CA); Williams, Kenneth A. (Livermore, CA)

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

123

Geothermal direct-heat utilization assistance. Quarterly project progress report, July 1995--September 1995  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The report summarizes geothermal technical assistance, R&D and technology transfer activities of the Geo-Heat Center at Oregon Institute of Technology for the fourth quarter of FY-95. It describes 80 contacts with parties during this period related to technical assistance with geothermal direct heat projects. Areas dealt with include geothermal heat pumps, space heating, greenhouses, aquaculture, equipment and resources. Research activities are summarized on low-temperature resource assessment, geothermal energy cost evaluation and marketing strategy for geothermal district heating. Outreach activities include the publication of a geothermal direct use Bulletin, dissemination of information, geothermal library, technical papers and seminars, and progress monitor reports on geothermal resources and utilization.

Lienau, P.

1995-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

124

Geothermal direct-heat utilization assistance: Quarterly project progress report, January--March 1995  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The report summarizes geothermal activities of the Geo-Heat Center at Oregon Institute of Technology for the second quarter of FY-95. It describes 92 contacts with parties during this period related to technical assistance with geothermal direct heat projects. Areas dealt with include geothermal heat pumps, space heating, greenhouses, aquaculture, resources and equipment. Research activities are summarized on geothermal energy cost evaluation, low temperature resource assessment and ground-source heat pump case studies and utility programs. Outreach activities include the publication of a geothermal direct heat Bulletin, dissemination of information, geothermal library, and progress monitor reports on geothermal resources and utilization.

NONE

1995-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

125

Final Project Report INERT-MATRIX FUEL: ACTINIDE "BURNING" AND DIRECT DISPOSAL  

Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

Project Report Project Report INERT-MATRIX FUEL: ACTINIDE "BURNING" AND DIRECT DISPOSAL Nuclear Engineering Education Research Program (grant # DE-FG07-99ID13767) Rodney C. Ewing (co-PI) Lumin Wang (co-PI) October 30,2002 For the Period of 07/01/1999 to 06/30/2002 Department of Nuclear Engineering and Radiological Sciences University of Michigan Ann Arbor, MI 48109 1 1. Background Excess actinides result from the dismantlement of nuclear weapons (239Pu) and the reprocessing of commercial spent nuclear fuel (mainly 241Am, Cm and 237Np). In Europe, Canada and Japan studies have determined much improved efficiencies for burn- up of actinides using inert-matrix fuels. This innovative approach also considers the properties of the inert-matrix fuel as a nuclear waste form for direct disposal after one-

126

PHASE II CALDERON PROCESS TO PRODUCE DIRECT REDUCED IRON RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT PROJECT  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This project was initially targeted to the making of coke for blast furnaces by using proprietary technology of Calderon in a phased approach, and Phase I was successfully completed. The project was then re-directed to the making of iron units. In 2000, U.S. Steel teamed up with Calderon for a joint effort which will last 42 months to produce directly reduced iron with the potential of converting it into molten iron or steel consistent with the Roadmap recommendations of 1998 prepared by the Steel Industry in cooperation with the Department of Energy by using iron ore concentrate and coal as raw materials, both materials being appreciably lower in cost than using iron pellets and coke.

Albert Calderon

2005-01-25T23:59:59.000Z

127

PHASE II CALDERON PROCESS TO PRODUCE DIRECT REDUCED IRON RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT PROJECT  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This project was initially targeted to the making of coke for blast furnaces by using proprietary technology of Calderon in a phased approach, and Phase I was successfully completed. The project was then re-directed to the making of iron units. In 2000, U.S. Steel teamed up with Calderon for a joint effort to produce directly reduced iron with the potential of converting it into molten iron or steel consistent with the Roadmap recommendations of 1998 prepared by the Steel Industry in cooperation with the Department of Energy by using iron ore concentrate and coal as raw materials, both materials being appreciably lower in cost than using iron pellets, briquettes, sinter and coke.

Albert Calderon

2006-04-19T23:59:59.000Z

128

PHASE II CALDERON PROCESS TO PRODUCE DIRECT REDUCED IRON RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT PROJECT  

SciTech Connect

This project was initially targeted to the making of coke for blast furnaces by using proprietary technology of Calderon in a phased approach, and Phase I was successfully completed. The project was then re-directed to the making of iron units. In 2000, U.S. Steel teamed up with Calderon for a joint effort to produce directly reduced iron with the potential of converting it into molten iron or steel consistent with the Roadmap recommendations of 1998 prepared by the Steel Industry in cooperation with the Department of Energy by using iron ore concentrate and coal as raw materials, both materials being appreciably lower in cost than using iron pellets, briquettes, sinter and coke.

Albert Calderon

2006-01-30T23:59:59.000Z

129

PHASE II CALDERON PROCESS TO PRODUCE DIRECT REDUCED IRON RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT PROJECT  

SciTech Connect

This project was initially targeted to the making of coke for blast furnaces by using proprietary technology of Calderon in a phased approach, and Phase I was successfully completed. The project was then re-directed to the making of iron units. In 2000, U.S. Steel teamed up with Calderon for a joint effort which will last 42 months to produce directly reduced iron with the potential of converting it into molten iron or steel consistent with the Roadmap recommendations of 1998 prepared by the Steel Industry in cooperation with the Department of Energy by using iron ore concentrate and coal as raw materials, both materials being appreciably lower in cost than using iron pellets and coke.

Albert Calderon; Reina Calderon

2004-01-27T23:59:59.000Z

130

PHASE II CALDERON PROCESS TO PRODUCE DIRECT REDUCED IRON RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT PROJECT  

SciTech Connect

This project was initially targeted to the making of coke for blast furnaces by using proprietary technology of Calderon in a phased approach, and Phase I was successfully completed. The project was then re-directed to the making of iron units. In 2000, U.S. Steel teamed up with Calderon for a joint effort which will last 42 months to produce directly reduced iron with the potential of converting it into molten iron or steel consistent with the Roadmap recommendations of 1998 prepared by the Steel Industry in cooperation with the Department of Energy by using iron ore concentrate and coal as raw materials, both materials being appreciably lower in cost than using iron pellets and coke.

Albert Calderon

2004-07-28T23:59:59.000Z

131

PHASE II CALDERON PROCESS TO PRODUCE DIRECT REDUCED IRON RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT PROJECT  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This project was initially targeted to the making of coke for blast furnaces by using proprietary technology of Calderon in a phased approach, and Phase I was successfully completed. The project was then re-directed to the making of iron units. In 2000, U.S. Steel teamed up with Calderon for a joint effort which will last 42 months to produce directly reduced iron with the potential of converting it into molten iron or steel consistent with the Roadmap recommendations of 1998 prepared by the Steel Industry in cooperation with the Department of Energy by using iron ore concentrate and coal as raw materials, both materials being appreciably lower in cost than using iron pellets and coke.

Albert Calderon

2005-07-29T23:59:59.000Z

132

PHASE II CALDERON PROCESS TO PRODUCE DIRECT REDUCED IRON RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT PROJECT  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This project was initially targeted to the making of coke for blast furnaces by using proprietary technology of Calderon in a phased approach, and Phase I was successfully completed. The project was then re-directed to the making of iron units. In 2000, U.S. Steel teamed up with Calderon for a joint effort which will last 42 months to produce directly reduced iron with the potential of converting it into molten iron or steel consistent with the Roadmap recommendations of 1998 prepared by the Steel Industry in cooperation with the Department of Energy by using iron ore concentrate and coal as raw materials, both materials being appreciably lower in cost than using iron pellets and coke.

Albert Calderon

2004-04-27T23:59:59.000Z

133

PHASE II CALDERON PROCESS TO PRODUCE DIRECT REDUCED IRON RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT PROJECT  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This project was initially targeted to the making of coke for blast furnaces by using proprietary technology of Calderon in a phased approach, and Phase I was successfully completed. The project was then re-directed to the making of iron units. In 2000, U.S. Steel teamed up with Calderon for a joint effort which will last 42 months to produce directly reduced iron with the potential of converting it into molten iron or steel consistent with the Roadmap recommendations of 1998 prepared by the Steel Industry in cooperation with the Department of Energy by using iron ore concentrate and coal as raw materials, both materials being appreciably lower in cost than using iron pellets and coke.

Albert Calderon

2004-10-28T23:59:59.000Z

134

PHASE II CALDERON PROCESS TO PRODUCE DIRECT REDUCED IRON RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT PROJECT  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This project was initially targeted to the making of coke for blast furnaces by using proprietary technology of Calderon in a phased approach, and Phase I was successfully completed. The project was then re-directed to the making of iron units. In 2000, U.S. Steel teamed up with Calderon for a joint effort which will last 42 months to produce directly reduced iron with the potential of converting it into molten iron or steel consistent with the Roadmap recommendations of 1998 prepared by the Steel Industry in cooperation with the Department of Energy by using iron ore concentrate and coal as raw materials, both materials being appreciably lower in cost than using iron pellets and coke.

Albert Calderon

2005-01-26T23:59:59.000Z

135

PHASE II CALDERON PROCESS TO PRODUCE DIRECT REDUCED IRON RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT PROJECT  

SciTech Connect

This project was initially targeted to the making of coke for blast furnaces by using proprietary technology of Calderon in a phased approach, and Phase I was successfully completed. The project was then re-directed to the making of iron units. In 2000, U.S. Steel teamed up with Calderon for a joint effort which will last 42 months to produce directly reduced iron with the potential of converting it into molten iron or steel consistent with the Roadmap recommendations of 1998 prepared by the Steel Industry in cooperation with the Department of Energy by using iron ore concentrate and coal as raw materials, both materials being appreciably lower in cost than using iron pellets and coke.

Albert Calderon

2003-10-22T23:59:59.000Z

136

Phase II Calderon Process to Produce Direct Reduced Iron Research and Development Project  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This project was initially targeted to the making of coke for blast furnaces by using proprietary technology of Calderon in a phased approach, and Phase 1 was successfully completed. The project was then re-directed to the making of iron units. In 2000, U.S. Steel teamed up with Calderon for a joint effort to produce directly reduced iron with the potential of converting it into molten iron or steel consistent with the Roadmap recommendations of 1998 prepared by the Steel Industry in cooperation with the Department of Energy by using iron ore concentrate and coal as raw materials, both materials being appreciably lower in cost than using iron pellets, briquettes, sinter and coke.

Albert Calderon

2007-03-31T23:59:59.000Z

137

Geothermal direct use projects in the United States: Status and trends  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Prior to about 1973, geothermal most direct use projects in the United States involved pool/spa applications and limited district and space heating systems. The oil price shocks of the 1970's revived interest in the use of geothermal energy as an alternative energy source. Accordingly, the US Department of Energy initiated numerous programs that caused significant growth of this industry. These programs involved technical assistance to developers, the preparation of project feasibility studies for potential users, cost sharing of demonstration projects (space and district heating, industrial, agriculture, and aquaculture), resource assessments, loan guarantees, support of state resource and commercialization activities, and others. Also adding to the growth were various federal and state tax credits. The use of groundwater-source heat pumps contributed to the growth, starting in 1980. The growth of direct use project development was quite closely monitored during the late 1970's and early 1980's when the USDOE program activities were extensive. Periodic updating of the status of the projects has been occasional but limited since that time. In order to obtain a better understanding of the current geothermal direct use market, the Oregon Institute of Technology Geo-Heat Center (OIT), under contract to the US Department of Energy, launched an extensive data-gathering effort in the spring of 1988. The results of that effort are incorporated into this paper. The Idaho National Engineering Laboratory (INEL) (also funded by the Department of Energy) and OIT, through their continuing contacts with the geothermal industry, including state energy offices, are familiar with development trends and concerns; this information is also presented. 3 tabs.

Lunis, B.C.; Lienau, P.J. (EG and G Idaho, Inc., Idaho Falls, ID (USA); Oregon Inst. of Tech., Klamath Falls, OR (USA). Geo-Heat Center)

1988-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

138

Final report for the protocol extensions for ATM Security Laboratory Directed Research and Development Project  

SciTech Connect

This is the summary report for the Protocol Extensions for Asynchronous Transfer Mode project, funded under Sandia`s Laboratory Directed Research and Development program. During this one-year effort, techniques were examined for integrating security enhancements within standard ATM protocols, and mechanisms were developed to validate these techniques and to provide a basic set of ATM security assurances. Based on our experience during this project, recommendations were presented to the ATM Forum (a world-wide consortium of ATM product developers, service providers, and users) to assist with the development of security-related enhancements to their ATM specifications. As a result of this project, Sandia has taken a leading role in the formation of the ATM Forum`s Security Working Group, and has gained valuable alliances and leading-edge experience with emerging ATM security technologies and protocols.

Tarman, T.D.; Pierson, L.G.; Brenkosh, J.P. [and others

1996-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

139

Economic assessment of geothermal direct heat technology: A review of five DOE demonstration projects  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

In this report the cost of using low temperature geothermal energy resources for direct heating applications is compared to the costs associated with conventional heating fuels. The projects compared all involved replacing conventional fuels (e.g., natural gas and fuel oils) with geothermal energy in existing heating systems. The cost of using geothermal energy in existing systems was also compared with the cost of new coal-fired equipment.

Hederman, William F. Jr.; Cohen, Laura A.

1981-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

140

Comparing Germany's and California's Interconnection Processes for PV Systems (White Paper)  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Establishing interconnection to the grid is a recognized barrier to the deployment of distributed energy generation. This report compares interconnection processes for photovoltaic projects in California and Germany. This report summarizes the steps of the interconnection process for developers and utilities, the average length of time utilities take to process applications, and paperwork required of project developers. Based on a review of the available literature, this report finds that while the interconnection procedures and timelines are similar in California and Germany, differences in the legal and regulatory frameworks are substantial.

Tweedie, A.; Doris, E.

2011-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "direct interconnection project" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


141

PARS II New Contractor Information for Interconnection Security Agreement  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

New Contractor Information for Interconnection Security Agreement New Contractor Information for Interconnection Security Agreement V1.0 (November 18, 2010) The Department of Energy (DOE) Headquarters Program Cyber Security Plan (PCSP), dated February 2008, requires the Project Assessment and Reporting System (PARS) II System Owner and the contractor sign an Interconnection Security Agreement (ISA). The requirement for an Interconnection Security Agreement can be found on page 182 of the PCSP. The ISA template is available for review on the PARS II portal (http://management.energy.gov/online_resources/pars2.htm) under Contractor Documents. Before the contractor begins sending data to PARS II, DOE will send the ISA to the contractor for review and signature. In order to prepare the ISA for review and signature, the PARS II Support Team needs

142

Interconnection-Wide Transmission Planning Initiative: Topic...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

State Agency Input Regarding Electric Resource and Transmission Planning in the Texas Interconnection Interconnection-Wide Transmission Planning Initiative: Topic B, State Agency...

143

Interconnection-Wide Transmission Planning Initiative: Topic...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Interconnection-Wide Transmission Planning Initiative: Topic B, State Agency Input Regarding Electric Resource and Transmission Planning in the Texas Interconnection...

144

PJM Interconnection, LLC | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

PJM Interconnection, LLC Jump to: navigation, search Name PJM Interconnection, LLC Place Norristown, PA References SGIC1 No information has been entered for this organization....

145

Kinsus Interconnect Technology Corp | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Kinsus Interconnect Technology Corp Jump to: navigation, search Name Kinsus Interconnect Technology Corp Place Taiwan Sector Solar Product Engaged in the manufacture of chip...

146

Interconnection Standards | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Alternative Fuel Vehicles Alternative Fuel Vehicles Hydrogen & Fuel Cells Buying & Making Electricity Water Solar Home Weatherization Wind Program Info State Utah Program Type Interconnection Provider Utah Public Service Commission Utah requires the state's only investor-owned utility, Rocky Mountain Power (RMP), and most electric cooperatives* to offer net metering to customers who generate electricity using solar energy, wind energy, hydropower, hydrogen, biomass, landfill gas, geothermal energy, waste gas or waste heat capture and recovery. The bill that established net metering also established some basic rules for interconnection. In April 2010, the Utah Public Service Commission (PSC) adopted final rules for interconnection. The rules described below took effect April 30, 2010.

147

Record of Decision and Floodplain Statement of Findings for the Trinity Public Utilities District Direct Interconnection Project (DOE/EIS-0389)  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

8, 2008 8, 2008 / Notices Applicants: Trailblazer Pipeline Company. Description: Trailblazer Pipeline Company submits Original Sheet 0 and 1 et al. to FERC Gas Tariff, Fourth Revised Volume 1, to be effective 12/28/ 07. Filed Date: 01/18/2008. Accession Number: 20080123-0026. Comment Date: 5 p.m. Eastern Time on Wednesday, January 30, 2008. Docket Numbers: RP08-169-000. Applicants: Dominion Cove Point LNG, LP. Description: Dominion Cove Point LNG, LP submits Eighth Revised Sheet 11 to its FERC Gas Tariff, Original Volume 1, to be effective 2/17/08. Filed Date: 01/18/2008. Accession Number: 20080123-0019. Comment Date: 5 p.m. Eastern Time on Wednesday, January 30, 2008. Any person desiring to intervene or to protest in any of the above proceedings must file in accordance with Rules 211

148

Performance testing of small interconnected wind systems  

SciTech Connect

There is a need for performance information on small windmills intended for interconnected operation with utility distribution service. The owner or prospective buyer needs the data to estimate economic viability and service reliability, while the utility needs it to determine interconnection arrangements, maintain quality of power delivered by its line, and to answer customer inquiries. No existing testing program provides all the information needed, although the Rocky Flats test site comes close. To fill this need for Michigan, Consumers Power Company and the Michigan Electric Cooperative Association helped support a two-year program at Michigan State University involving extensive performance testing of an Enertech 1500 and a 4-kW Dakota with a Gemini inverter. The performance study suggested measurements necessary to characterize SWECS for interconnected operation. They include SWECS energy output to a-c line, miles of wind passing the rotor, var-hour metering for average var consumption, and recording watt, current, and voltmeters to assess SWECS output variability. Added instruments for waveform measurement (to assess power quality) are also needed. Typical data taken at the MSU test site are used to illustrate the techniques and preliminary data from a current project is given. Finally, conclusions about SWECS performance are listed.

Park, G.L.; Krauss, O.; Miller, J.

1984-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

149

Interconnection Agreements for Onsite Generation  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Interconnection Agreements Interconnection Agreements for Onsite Generation Office of Real Property Asset Management Office of General Counsel Real Property Division Richard R. Butterworth Senior Assistant General Counsel (202) 501-4436 richard.butterworth@gsa.gov The Problem: * Most agreements require indemnity clauses - usually either by tariff or by the submission of standard contracts to PSCs * Federal Government precluded from providing indemnity by: * Anti-deficiency Act - 31 U.S.C. 665(a) * Adequacy of Appropriations Act - 41 U.S.C. 11 GSA - Utility Interconnection Agreements GSA - Utility Interconnection Agreements * Exception: Utility Contracts * GAO decision sets the foundation for exception for utility contracts - 59 Comp. Gen. 705 * But it's a narrow exception

150

Interconnection Standards | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Interconnection Standards Interconnection Standards Interconnection Standards < Back Eligibility Commercial Industrial Residential Savings Category Bioenergy Commercial Heating & Cooling Manufacturing Buying & Making Electricity Alternative Fuel Vehicles Hydrogen & Fuel Cells Water Wind Energy Sources Solar Program Info State California Program Type Interconnection Provider California Public Utilities Commission '''''Note: The California Public Utilities Commission (CPUC) approved a [http://docs.cpuc.ca.gov/EFILE/MOTION/162852.PDF proposed settlement] in September 2012, enacting the first fundamental redesign of Rule 21 since 2000. The complete revised Rule 21 Tariff, as described at a high level below, can be found beginning on page 136 of CPUC Decision 12-09-018. The individual tariffs adopted by the utilities can be found on the CPUC web

151

Renewable Systems Interconnection: Executive Summary  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The U.S. Department of Energy launched the Renewable Systems Interconnection (RSI) study in 2007 to address the challenges to high penetrations of distributed renewable energy technologies. The RSI study consists of 14 additional reports.

Kroposki, B.; Margolis, R.; Kuswa, G.; Torres, J.; Bower, W.; Key, T.; Ton, D.

2008-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

152

Cathode/Interconnect Interactions  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The objectives of this project were to examine chromium poisoning in full cell tests, evaluate chromium release rates for oxides, and examine the effects of chromium in the cathode.

Krumpelt, M.; Cruse, T.A.; Hash, M.

2005-01-27T23:59:59.000Z

153

Analysis of electromigration induced early failures in Cu interconnects for 45nm node  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Bi-directional current stressing was used for monitoring electromigration (EM) lifetime evolution in 45nm node interconnects. Experimental results show that an initial bimodal distribution of lifetimes can be modified into a more robust mono-modal distribution. ... Keywords: Bi-directional current, Cu interconnects, Electromigration, FEM modeling

L. Arnaud; F. Cacho; L. Doyen; F. Terrier; D. Galpin; C. Monget

2010-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

154

PHASE II CALDERON PROCESS TO PRODUCE DIRECT REDUCED IRON RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT PROJECT  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This project was initially targeted to the making of coke for blast furnaces by using proprietary technology of Calderon in a phased approach, and Phase I was completed. The project was then re-directed to the making of iron units. U.S. Steel teamed up with Calderon for a joint effort which will last 30 months to produce directly reduced iron with the potential of converting it into molten iron (hot metal) consistent with the Roadmap recommendations of 1998 prepared by the Steel Industry in cooperation with the Department of Energy. The work which is labeled as Phase II will take place at two levels; namely, the bench scale level and the process development unit (PDU) level. The bench scale work is being divided into two parts; the construction and operation of Bench Scale No.1 to make hot metal direct as one part and the construction and operation of Bench Scale No.2 to make DRI with its conversion to hot metal as the second part. The work at the PDU consists of getting the PDU which exists ready for advancing the activities from bench scale to PDU level.

Albert Calderon

2001-10-24T23:59:59.000Z

155

Status and trends of geothermal direct use projects in the United States  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The United States is continuing to experience a significant growth rate in the use of low- and moderate-temperature geothermal resources for direct use applications, which is making an increasing contribution to the United States energy demands. This paper provides an overview of how and where geothermal energy is being used, the extent of that use, and what the development trends and concerns appear to be. The applications discussed include industrial processes, heat pumps (heating and cooling), pools and spas, aquaculture and agriculture applications, and space and district heating projects. 3 tabs.

Lunis, B.C.; Lienau, P.J.

1988-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

156

Topic A Awardee: Eastern Interconnection Planning Collaborative |  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

A Awardee: Eastern Interconnection Planning A Awardee: Eastern Interconnection Planning Collaborative Topic A Awardee: Eastern Interconnection Planning Collaborative Eastern Interconnection Planning Collaborative The Eastern Interconnection Planning Collaborative (EIPC) was initiated by a coalition of regional Planning Authorities. These Planning Authorities are entities listed on the NERC compliance registry as Planning Authorities and represent the entire Eastern Interconnection. The EIPC was founded to be a broad-based, transparent collaborative process among all interested stakeholders: State and Federal policy makers Consumer and environmental interests Transmission Planning Authorities Market participants generating, transmitting or consuming electricity within the Eastern Interconnection. The EIPC will provide a grass-roots approach which builds upon the regional

157

MHK Projects/OSU Direct Drive Power Generation Buoys | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

OSU Direct Drive Power Generation Buoys OSU Direct Drive Power Generation Buoys < MHK Projects Jump to: navigation, search << Return to the MHK database homepage Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":5,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"500px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"File:Aquamarine-marker.png","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":44.6472,"lon":-124.127,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"http:\/\/prod-http-80-800498448.us-east-1.elb.amazonaws.com\/w\/images\/7\/74\/Aquamarine-marker.png","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

158

Geothermal direct-heat utilization assistance. Quarterly project progress report, July--September 1997  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

This report summarizes geothermal technical assistance, R and D and technology transfer activities of the Geo-Heat Center at Oregon Institute of Technology for the fourth quarter of FY-97 (July--September 1997). It describes 213 contacts with parties during this period related to technical assistance with geothermal direct heat projects. Areas dealt with include requests for general information including maps, geothermal heat pumps, resource and well data, space heating and cooling, greenhouses, acquaculture, equipment, district heating, resorts and spas, and industrial applications. Research activities include the completion of a Comprehensive Greenhouse Developer Package. Work accomplished on the revision of the Geothermal Direct Use Engineering and Design Guidebook are discussed. Outreach activities include the publication of the Quarterly Bulletin (Vol. 18, No. 3), dissemination of information mainly through mailings of publications, geothermal library acquisition and use, participation in workshops, short courses, and technical meetings by the staff, and progress monitor reports on geothermal activities.

NONE

1997-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

159

Solid-state energy storage module employing integrated interconnect board  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

The present invention is directed to an improved electrochemical energy storage device. The electrochemical energy storage device includes a number of solid-state, thin-film electrochemical cells which are selectively interconnected in series or parallel through use of an integrated interconnect board. The interconnect board is typically disposed within a sealed housing which also houses the electrochemical cells, and includes a first contact and a second contact respectively coupled to first and second power terminals of the energy storage device. The interconnect board advantageously provides for selective series or parallel connectivity with the electrochemical cells, irrespective of electrochemical cell position within the housing. In one embodiment, a sheet of conductive material is processed by employing a known milling, stamping, or chemical etching technique to include a connection pattern which provides for flexible and selective interconnecting of individual electrochemical cells within the housing, which may be a hermetically sealed housing. Fuses and various electrical and electro-mechanical devices, such as bypass, equalization, and communication devices for example, may also be mounted to the interconnect board and selectively connected to the electrochemical cells.

Rouillard, Jean (Saint-Luc, CA); Comte, Christophe (Montreal, CA); Daigle, Dominik (St-Hyacinthe, CA); Hagen, Ronald A. (Stillwater, MN); Knudson, Orlin B. (Vadnais Heights, MN); Morin, Andre (Longueuil, CA); Ranger, Michel (Lachine, CA); Ross, Guy (Beloeil, CA); Rouillard, Roger (Beloeil, CA); St-Germain, Philippe (Outremont, CA); Sudano, Anthony (Laval, CA); Turgeon, Thomas A. (Fridley, MN)

2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

160

Interconnection Standards | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Industrial Industrial Residential Savings Category Bioenergy Commercial Heating & Cooling Manufacturing Buying & Making Electricity Alternative Fuel Vehicles Hydrogen & Fuel Cells Water Solar Home Weatherization Wind Program Info State West Virginia Program Type Interconnection Provider West Virginia Public Service Commission In 2006, West Virginia stakeholders came together to consider net metering, interconnection as required by the Federal Energy Policy Act (2005) and agreed upon a "Statement of Consensus Among Parties," which was presented to and accepted by the West Virginia Public Service Commission (PSC) in December 2006. The consensus agreement did include interconnection guidelines for the state, however, the PSC did not initiate a formal rule-making or incorporate the guidelines into agency rules. Rather, the

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "direct interconnection project" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


161

Interconnection Guidelines | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Bioenergy Bioenergy Alternative Fuel Vehicles Hydrogen & Fuel Cells Water Buying & Making Electricity Solar Home Weatherization Wind Program Info State Kansas Program Type Interconnection Provider Kansas Corporation Commission Kansas adopted the Net Metering and Easy Connection Act in May 2009 (see K.S.A. 66-1263 through 66-1271), establishing interconnection guidelines and net metering for customer-owned generators. Net metering and the accompanying interconnection guidelines apply to systems that generate electricity using solar, wind, methane, biomass or hydro resources, and to fuel cells using hydrogen produced by an eligible renewable technology, with a rated capacity of 25 kilowatts (kW) or less for residential customers, 200 kW or less for non-residential customers and 1.5 megawatts

162

GSA-Utility Interconnection Agreements  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Property Property Asset Management Office of General Counsel Real Property Division Richard R. Butterworth Senior Assistant General Counsel (202) 501-4436 richard.butterworth@gsa.gov The Problem: * Most agreements require indemnity clauses - usually either by tariff or by the submission of standard contracts to PSCs * Federal Government precluded from providing indemnity by: * Anti-deficiency Act - 31 U.S.C. 665(a) * Adequacy of Appropriations Act - 41 U.S.C. 11 GSA - Utility Interconnection Agreements GSA - Utility Interconnection Agreements Exception: Utility Contracts * GAO decision sets the foundation for exception for utility contracts - 59 Comp. Gen. 705 * But it's a narrow exception - B-197583, January 19, 1981 GSA - Utility Interconnection Agreements

163

Learn More About Interconnections | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Learn More About Learn More About Interconnections Learn More About Interconnections Learn More About Interconnections EASTERN INTERCONNECTION North America is comprised of two major and three minor alternating current (AC) power grids or "interconnections." The Eastern Interconnection reaches from Central Canada Eastward to the Atlantic coast (excluding Québec), South to Florida and West to the foot of the Rockies (excluding most of Texas). All of the electric utilities in the Eastern Interconnection are electrically tied together during normal system conditions and operate at a synchronized frequency operating at an average of 60Hz. Click here for more information. DOE is in the process of issuing awards to two entities in the Eastern Interconnection: one to the Eastern Interconnection Planning

164

Interconnection Guidelines | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Industrial Industrial Residential Savings Category Bioenergy Alternative Fuel Vehicles Hydrogen & Fuel Cells Buying & Making Electricity Water Wind Solar Program Info State Louisiana Program Type Interconnection Provider Louisiana Public Service Commission '''''Note: Ongoing proceedings related to net metering can be found in [http://lpscstar.louisiana.gov/star/portal/lpsc/page/Dockets/portal.aspx Docket R-31417.]''''' The Louisiana Public Service Commission (PSC) adopted rules for net metering and interconnection in November 2005. Louisiana's rules, based on those in place in Arkansas, require publicly-owned utilities and rural electric cooperatives to offer net metering to customers with systems that generate electricity using solar, wind, hydropower, geothermal or biomass

165

Solar cell interconnection and packaging using tape carrier  

SciTech Connect

This paper describes an array of photovoltaic cells. It comprises: photovolatic cells having a ratio of mass to surface area of less than 60 milligrams/square centimeter; a dielectric tape having a carrier surface for supporting the photovoltaic cells; interconnect means including an electrical circuit for electrically interconnecting the photovoltaic cells, the interconnect means supported by the dielectric tape on the carrier surface, the electrical circuit including contact fingers; and means defining primary openings in the dielectric tape, a primary opening being associated with a contact finger and positioned such that the contact finger can be directed from below the carrier surface in the direction of the photovoltaic cells and electrically connected to a photovoltaic cell, a portion of both sides of the contact finger being substantially free of the dielectric tape. This patent also describes the array of the above claim, wherein the photovoltaic cells are tandem cells including an upper subcell and a lower subcell.

Kim, N.P.; Stanbery, B.J.

1991-06-04T23:59:59.000Z

166

Interconnection Guidelines (Rhode Island) | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Interconnection Guidelines (Rhode Island) Interconnection Guidelines (Rhode Island) Interconnection Guidelines (Rhode Island) < Back Eligibility Agricultural Commercial Fed. Government Industrial Institutional Local Government Multi-Family Residential Nonprofit Residential Schools State Government Savings Category Bioenergy Alternative Fuel Vehicles Hydrogen & Fuel Cells Buying & Making Electricity Water Solar Home Weatherization Wind Program Info State Rhode Island Program Type Interconnection Provider Rhode Island Public Utilities Commission Rhode Island enacted legislation (HB 6222) in June 2011 to standardize the application process for the interconnection of customer-sited renewable-energy systems to the state's distribution grid. Rhode Island's interconnection policy is not nearly as comprehensive as

167

Geothermal direct-heat utilization assistance. Quarterly project progress report, October--December 1997  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

This report summarizes geothermal technical assistance, R and D and technology transfer activities of the Geo-Heat Center at Oregon Institute of Technology for the first quarter of FY-98 (October--December 1997). It describes 216 contacts with parties during this period related to technical assistance with geothermal direct heat projects. Areas dealt with include requests for general information including maps and material for high school debates, and material on geothermal heat pumps, resource and well data, space heating and cooling, greenhouses, aquaculture, equipment, district heating, resorts and spas, industrial applications, electric power and snow melting. Research activities include work on model construction specifications of lineshaft submersible pumps and plate heat exchangers, a comprehensive aquaculture developer package and revisions to the Geothermal Direct Use Engineering and Design Guidebook. Outreach activities include the publication of the Quarterly Bulletin (Vol. 18, No. 4) which was devoted entirely to geothermal activities in South Dakota, dissemination of information mainly through mailings of publications, tours of local geothermal uses, geothermal library acquisition and use, participation in workshops, short courses and technical meetings by the staff, and progress monitor reports on geothermal activities.

NONE

1997-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

168

Analysis of electric vehicle interconnection with commercial  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Analysis of electric vehicle interconnection with commercial building microgrids Michael Stadler, process, or service by its trade name, trademark, manufacturer, or otherwise, does not necessarily Laboratories America Inc. Analysis of electric vehicle interconnection with commercial building microgrids

169

Learn More About Interconnections | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Development Electricity Policy Coordination and Implementation Transmission Planning Recovery Act Interconnection Transmission Planning Congestion Studies Coordination of...

170

Interconnection Guidelines | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Industrial Industrial Institutional Local Government Nonprofit Residential Schools State Government Savings Category Alternative Fuel Vehicles Hydrogen & Fuel Cells Solar Buying & Making Electricity Wind Program Info State Georgia Program Type Interconnection Provider Georgia Public Service Commission The Georgia Cogeneration and Distributed Generation Act of 2001 allows residential electricity customers with photovoltaic (PV) systems, wind-energy systems or fuel cells up to 10 kilowatts (kW) in capacity, and commercial facilities up to 100 kW, to connect to the grid. The aggregate capacity of distributed generation systems is limited to 0.2% of a utility's system peak demand from the previous year. Interconnected customers must comply with all relevant national standards,

171

PJM Interconnection (Multiple States) | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

PJM Interconnection (Multiple States) PJM Interconnection (Multiple States) PJM Interconnection (Multiple States) < Back Eligibility Developer Savings Category Alternative Fuel Vehicles Hydrogen & Fuel Cells Buying & Making Electricity Water Home Weatherization Solar Wind Program Info State Delaware Program Type Interconnection PJM (originally Pennsylvania, Jersey, Maryland) Interconnection is a Regional Transmission Organization (RTO) that coordinates the movement of wholesale electricity in all or parts of Delaware, Illinois, Indiana, Kentucky, Maryland, Michigan, New Jersey, North Carolina, Ohio, Pennsylvania, Tennessee, Virginia, West Virginia and the District of Columbia. The PJM region has an area of 214,000 square miles, a population of about 60 million and a peak demand of 163,848 megawatts

172

EIS-0450: TransWest Express 600 kV Direct Current Transmission Project in Wyoming, Colorado, Utah, and Nevada  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Draft Environmental Impact Statement: Public Comment Period Ends 09/25/13This EIS, being prepared jointly by DOEs Western Area Power Administration and the Department of the Interiors Bureau of Land Management (Wyoming State Office), evaluates the environmental impacts of granting a right-of-way for the TransWest Express 600-kilovolt Direct Current Transmission Project and amending a land use plan. The project consists of an overhead transmission line that would extend approximately 725 miles from south-central Wyoming, through Colorado and Utah. Western proposes to be a joint owner of the project.

173

Federal Utility Partnership Working Group - Utility Interconnection Panel  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

WORKING GROUP - Utility Interconnection Panel M. Renee Jewell, Program/Energy Manager, & Contracting Officer, Forest Service (reneejewell@fs.fed.us) SCENARIO: Fed Agencies had Solar PV Projects To Connect with Utility in California * United States (US) Forest Service (FS) - 1 small Solar Photovoltaic (PV) project; and - 1 small Renewable project (Solar PV) exporting energy to grid. * U.S. National Park Service (NPS) - 24 Small Solar Photovoltaic projects. * U.S. Dept. of Veterans Affairs (VA) - 6 Renewable generation projects of different sizes. FS Region 5 (California) - Solar Photovoltaic Installations Solar PV Project @ Mono Lake Visitor Center (Inyo NF) Solar PV Project (net exporter) @ San Dimas Technology and Development Center SITUATION - Utility Wanted Feds to Sign Its

174

An overview of an illuminator of opportunity passive radar research project and its signal processing research directions  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this paper, an overview of an Illuminator Of Opportunity (IOO) passive radar research project being conducted at DSTO is presented, with a specific focus on the signal processing research directions that are being investigated. The overview provides ... Keywords: Bistatic radar, Passive coherent location

J. Palmer; S. Palumbo; A. Summers; D. Merrett; S. Searle; S. Howard

2011-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

175

Double interconnection fuel cell array  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A fuel cell array (10) is made, containing number of tubular, elongated fuel cells (12) which are placed next to each other in rows (A, B, C, D), where each cell contains inner electrodes (14) and outer electrodes (18 and 18'), with solid electrolyte (16 and 16') between the electrodes, where the electrolyte and outer electrode are discontinuous, having two portions, and providing at least two opposed discontinuities which contain at least two oppositely opposed interconnections (20 and 20') contacting the inner electrode (14), each cell (12) having only three metallic felt electrical connectors (22) which contact surrounding cells, where each row is electrically connected to the other.

Draper, Robert (Churchill Boro, PA); Zymboly, Gregory E. (Murrysville, PA)

1993-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

176

Avista Utilities - Interconnection Guidelines (Idaho) | Open...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

page on Facebook icon Twitter icon Avista Utilities - Interconnection Guidelines (Idaho) This is the approved revision of this page, as well as being the most recent. Jump...

177

A California Distributed Generation Primer: Interconnection and...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

California Distributed Generation Primer: Interconnection and Beyond Synopsis Speaker(s): Scott Tomashefsky Date: January 10, 2002 - 12:00pm Location: Bldg. 90 Seminar HostPoint...

178

USLCI Interconnect Region Electricity datasets, 2008 Datasets...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

spreadsheet are also included.

Datasets include generation and transmission of electricity for each of the interconnect regions. It is representative of the year...

179

Probabilistic Analysis of Multistage Interconnection Network Performance  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We present methods of calculating the value of two performance parameters for multipath, multistage interconnection networks: the normalized throughput and the probability of successful message transmission. We develop ...

Sobalvarro, Patrick G.

1992-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

180

Definition: Interconnected Operations Service | Open Energy Informatio...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

operation of interconnected Bulk Electric Systems.1 Also Known As IOS Related Terms transmission lines, energy, transmission line, transmission service References ...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "direct interconnection project" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


181

D R A F T Evaluating Interconnect  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

R A F T Evaluating Interconnect and Virtualization Performance for High Performance Computing Lavanya Ramakrishnan R. Shane Canon Krishna Muriki Iwona Sakrejda Nicholas J. Wright...

182

SECA Core Technology Program - SOFC Interconnect Meeting  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Core Technology Program - SOFC Interconnect Meeting July 28-29, 2004 Table of Contents Disclaimer Participants PDF-17KB Presentations Products Disclaimer This report was prepared...

183

Degradation of Manganese Cobalt Spinel SOFC Interconnect ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Presentation Title, Degradation of Manganese Cobalt Spinel SOFC Interconnect Coatings. Author(s), Jeffrey W. Fergus, Yingjia Liu, Yu Zhao. On-Site Speaker...

184

Geothermal direct-heat utilization assistance. Quarterly project progress report, July 1996--September 1996. Federal Assistance Program  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

This report summarizes geothermal technical assistance, R&D and technology transfer activities of the Geo-Heat Center at Oregon Institute of Technology for the fourth quarter of FY-96. It describes 152 contacts with parties during this period related to technical assistance with geothermal direct heat projects. Areas dealt with include geothermal heat pumps, space heating, greenhouses, aquaculture, equipment, economics and resources. Research activities are summarized on greenhouse peaking. Outreach activities include the publication of a geothermal direct use Bulletin, dissemination of information, geothermal library, technical papers and seminars, and progress monitor reports on geothermal resources and utilization.

Lienau, P.

1996-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

185

Geothermal direct-heat utilization assistance. Federal Assistance Program, Quarterly project progress report, October--December 1994  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The report summarizes activities of the Geo-Heat Center (GHC) at Oregon Institute of Technology for the first quarter of Fiscal Year 1995. It describes contacts with parties during this period related to assistance with geothermal direct heat projects. Areas dealt with include geothermal heat pumps, space heating, greenhouses, aquaculture, resources and equipment. Research is also being conducted on geothermal energy cost evaluation, low-temperature geothermal resource assessment, use of silica waste from the Cerro Prieto geothermal field as construction materials and geothermal heat pumps. Outreach activities include the publication of a quarterly Bulletin on direct heat applications and dissemination of information on low-temperature geothermal resources and utilization.

Not Available

1994-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

186

Geothermal direct-heat utilization assistance: Federal assistance program. Quarterly project progress report, October--December 1995  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The report summarizes geothermal technical assistance, R&D and technology transfer activities of the Geo-Heat Center at Oregon Institute of Technology for the first quarter of FY-96. It describes 90 contacts with parties during this period related to technical assistance with geothermal direct heat projects. Areas dealt with include geothermal heat pumps, space heating, greenhouses, aquaculture, equipment and resources. Research activities are summarized on low-temperature resource assessment, geothermal district heating system cost evaluation and silica waste utilization project. Outreach activities include the publication of a geothermal direct use Bulletin, dissemination of information, geothermal library, technical papers and seminars, development of a webpage, and progress monitor reports on geothermal resources and utilization.

NONE

1996-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

187

Durability of Metallic Interconnects and Protective Coatings  

SciTech Connect

To build up a useful voltage, a number of solid oxide fuel cells (SOFCs) are electrically connected into series in a stack via interconnects, which are placed between adjacent cells. In addition to functioning as a bi-polar electrical connector, the interconnect also acts as a separator plate that separates the fuel at the anode side of one cell from the air at the cathode side on an adjacent cell. During SOFC operation at the high temperatures, the interconnects are thus simultaneously exposed to the oxidizing air at one side and a reducing fuel that can be either hydrogen or hydrocarbon at the other. Besides, they are in contact with adjacent components, such as electrodes or electrical contacts, seals, etc. With steady reduction in SOFC operating temperatures into the low or intermediate range 600-850oC, oxidation resistant alloys are often used to construct interconnects. However, the metallic interconnects may degrade via interactions at their interfaces with surrounding environments or adjacent components, potentially affecting the stability and performance of interconnects and the SOFC stacks. Thus protection layers are applied to metallic interconnects that also intend to mitigate or prevent chromium migration into cells and the cell poisoning. This chapter provides a comprehensive review of materials for metallic interconnects, their degradation and coating protection.

Yang, Zhenguo; Stevenson, Jeffry W.

2009-12-15T23:59:59.000Z

188

Updating Technical Screens for PV Interconnection: Preprint  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Solar photovoltaics (PV) is the dominant type of distributed generation (DG) technology interconnected to electric distribution systems in the United States, and deployment of PV systems continues to increase rapidly. Considering the rapid growth and widespread deployment of PV systems in United States electric distribution grids, it is important that interconnection procedures be as streamlined as possible to avoid unnecessary interconnection studies, costs, and delays. Because many PV interconnection applications involve high penetration scenarios, the process needs to allow for a sufficiently rigorous technical evaluation to identify and address possible system impacts. Existing interconnection procedures are designed to balance the need for efficiency and technical rigor for all DG. However, there is an implicit expectation that those procedures will be updated over time in order to remain relevant with respect to evolving standards, technology, and practical experience. Modifications to interconnection screens and procedures must focus on maintaining or improving safety and reliability, as well as accurately allocating costs and improving expediency of the interconnection process. This paper evaluates the origins and usefulness of the capacity penetration screen, offers potential short-term solutions which could effectively allow fast-track interconnection to many PV system applications, and considers longer-term solutions for increasing PV deployment levels in a safe and reliable manner while reducing or eliminating the emphasis on the penetration screen.

Coddington, M.; Ellis, A.; Lynn, K.; Razon, A.; Key, T.; Kroposki, B.; Mather, B.; Hill, R.; Nicole, K.; Smith, J.

2012-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

189

Modular Pebble-Bed Reactor Project: Laboratory-Directed Research and Development Program FY 2002 Annual Report  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This report documents the results of our research in FY-02 on pebble-bed reactor technology under our Laboratory Directed Research and Development (LDRD) project entitled the Modular Pebble-Bed Reactor. The MPBR is an advanced reactor concept that can meet the energy and environmental needs of future generations under DOEs Generation IV initiative. Our work is focused in three areas: neutronics, core design and fuel cycle; reactor safety and thermal hydraulics; and fuel performance.

Petti, David Andrew; Dolan, Thomas James; Miller, Gregory Kent; Moore, Richard Leroy; Terry, William Knox; Ougouag, Abderrafi Mohammed-El-Ami; Oh, Chang H; Gougar, Hans D

2002-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

190

Interconnect Coupling Noise in CMOS VLSI Circuits  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Interconnect between a CMOS driver and re- ceiver can be modeled as a 1ossy transmission line in high speed CMOS VLSI circuits as transition times become comparable to or less than the time of flight delay of the signal through the low resistivity interconnect. In this paper, closed form expressions for the coupling noise between adjacent interconnect are presented to estimate the coupling noise voltage on a quiet line. These expressions are based on an assumption that the interconnections are loosely coupled, where the effect of the coupling noise on the waveform of the active line is small and can be ne- glected. It is demonstrated that the output impedance of the CMOS driver should preferably be comparable to the interconnect impedance in order to reduce the propagation delay of the CMOS driver stage.

Kevin T. Tang; Eby G. Friedman

1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

191

Interconnection-Wide Transmission Planning Initiative: Topic A,  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Interconnection-Wide Transmission Planning Initiative: Topic A, Interconnection-Wide Transmission Planning Initiative: Topic A, Interconnection-Level Analysis and Planning Interconnection-Wide Transmission Planning Initiative: Topic A, Interconnection-Level Analysis and Planning A description of the requirements for Topic A for all Interconnections under the Interconnection-Wide Transmission Planning Initiative, part of the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act. Interconnection-Wide Transmission Planning Initiative: Topic A, Interconnection-Level Analysis and Planning More Documents & Publications Microsoft Word - yDE-FOA-0000068.rtf Interconnection-Wide Transmission Planning Initiative: Topic B, Cooperation Among States in the Eastern Interconnection on Electric Resource Planning and Priorities Interconnection-Wide Transmission Planning Initiative: Topic B, Cooperation

192

Cloud shading direct solar radiation model for the Crosbyton Solar Power Project  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The CSPP was initiated to study the feasibility of using hemispheric bowl solar collectors for power generation. A non-spectral direct solar radiation (DSR) model was developed to aid in determining whether there exists a preferred spacing of these solar collectors based solely on meteorological considerations. The DSR model is applicable to the Northern Hemisphere and, with a few adjustments, to the Southern Hemisphere. The DSR model considers the reduction of direct insolation through the atmosphere due to Rayleigh scattering, uniformly mixed gases, ozone, precipitable water, and aerosols. It incorporates geographical information along with temperature, dew point, barometric pressure, and visibility data, updated every 15 minutes. This clear sky DSR model was verified against actual direct insolation data.

Peterson, R.E.; Smalley, D.J.

1985-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

193

Geothermal direct-heat utilization assistance. Quarterly project progress report, April--June 1993  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Technical assistance was provided to 60 requests from 19 states. R&D progress is reported on: evaluation of lineshaft turbine pump problems, geothermal district heating marketing strategy, and greenhouse peaking analysis. Two presentations and one tour were conducted, and three technical papers were prepared. The Geothermal Progress Monitor reported: USGS Forum on Mineral Resources, Renewable Energy Tax Credits Not Working as Congress Intended, Geothermal Industry Tells House Panel, Newberry Pilot Project, and Low-Temperature Geothermal Resources in Nevada.

Lienau, P.

1993-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

194

Interconnection-Wide Transmission Planning Initiative - Meeting Calendars |  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Technology Development » Transmission Planning » Technology Development » Transmission Planning » Recovery Act Interconnection Transmission Planning » Interconnection-Wide Transmission Planning Initiative - Meeting Calendars Interconnection-Wide Transmission Planning Initiative - Meeting Calendars Click on the links below to access each awardee's meeting and events calendar. Eastern Interconnection Topic A Awardee: Eastern Interconnection Planning Collaborative Topic B Awardee: Eastern Interconnection States' Planning Council Western Interconnection Topic A Awardee: Western Electricity Coordinating Council Topic B Awardee: Western Governors' Association Texas Interconnection Topic A and B Awardee: Electric Reliability Council of Texas Electricity Advisory Committee Technology Development Transmission Planning

195

Development of a flip-chip composite interconnection system.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??The objective of this research is to develop a novel flip-chip composite interconnect structure to overcome the inherent weaknesses of the conventional solder bump interconnection. (more)

Wong, Stephen Chee Khuen.

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

196

The regulation of internet interconnection : assessing network market power  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Interconnection agreements in the telecommunications industry have always been constrained by regulation. Internet interconnection has not received the same level of scrutiny. Recent debates regarding proposed mergers, ...

Maida, Elisabeth M. (Elisabeth Marigo)

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

197

Smart buildings with electric vehicle interconnection as buffer...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

buildings with electric vehicle interconnection as buffer for local renewables? Title Smart buildings with electric vehicle interconnection as buffer for local renewables?...

198

Utility Wind Integration Group Distributed Wind/Solar Interconnection...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Utility Wind Integration Group Distributed WindSolar Interconnection Workshop Utility Wind Integration Group Distributed WindSolar Interconnection Workshop May 21, 2013 8:00AM...

199

Microsoft PowerPoint - 071410 SECA poster (ceramic interconnect...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

C I DEVELOPMENT OF CERAMIC INTERCONNECT DEVELOPMENT OF CERAMIC INTERCONNECT M SOFC MATERIALS FOR SOFCS MATERIALS FOR SOFCS KYUNG JOONG YOON, JEFFRY W. STEVENSON, AND OLGA A. MARINA...

200

Geothermal direct-heat utilization assistance. Quarterly project progress report, July 1994--September 1994  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

This paper is a third quarter 1994 report of activities of the Geo-Heat Center of Oregon Institute of Technology. It describes contacts with parties during this period related to assistance with geothermal direct heat applications. Areas dealt with include geothermal heat pumps, space heating, greenhouses, aquaculture, resources, and equipment. Research is also being conducted on failures of vertical lineshaft turbines in geothermal wells.

Not Available

1994-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "direct interconnection project" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


201

DIRECT ENERGY CONVERSION (DEC) FISSION REACTORS - A U.S. NERI PROJECT  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The direct conversion of the electrical energy of charged fission fragments was examined early in the nuclear reactor era, and the first theoretical treatment appeared in the literature in 1957. Most of the experiments conducted during the next ten years to investigate fission fragment direct energy conversion (DEC) were for understanding the nature and control of the charged particles. These experiments verified fundamental physics and identified a number of specific problem areas, but also demonstrated a number of technical challenges that limited DEC performance. Because DEC was insufficient for practical applications, by the late 1960s most R&D ceased in the US. Sporadic interest in the concept appears in the literature until this day, but there have been no recent programs to develop the technology. This has changed with the Nuclear Energy Research Initiative that was funded by the U.S. Congress in 1999. Most of the previous concepts were based on a fission electric cell known as a triode, where a central cathode is coated with a thin layer of nuclear fuel. A fission fragment that leaves the cathode with high kinetic energy and a large positive charge is decelerated as it approaches the anode by a charge differential of several million volts, it then deposits its charge in the anode after its kinetic energy is exhausted. Large numbers of low energy electrons leave the cathode with each fission fragment; they are suppressed by negatively biased on grid wires or by magnetic fields. Other concepts include magnetic collimators and quasi-direct magnetohydrodynamic generation (steady flow or pulsed). We present the basic principles of DEC fission reactors, review the previous research, discuss problem areas in detail and identify technological developments of the last 30 years relevant to overcoming these obstacles. A prognosis for future development of direct energy conversion fission reactors will be presented.

D. BELLER; G. POLANSKY; ET AL

2000-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

202

Interconnection-Wide Transmission Planning Initiative: Topic A,  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

A, A, Interconnection-Level Analysis and Planning Interconnection-Wide Transmission Planning Initiative: Topic A, Interconnection-Level Analysis and Planning A description of the requirements for Topic A for all Interconnections under the Interconnection-Wide Transmission Planning Initiative, part of the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act. Interconnection-Wide Transmission Planning Initiative: Topic A, Interconnection-Level Analysis and Planning More Documents & Publications Interconnection-Wide Transmission Planning Initiative: Topic B, Cooperation Among States in the Eastern Interconnection on Electric Resource Planning and Priorities Microsoft Word - yDE-FOA-0000068.rtf Interconnection-Wide Transmission Planning Initiative: Topic B, Cooperation Among States in the Western Interconnection on Electric Resource Planning

203

Application of direct contact heat exchangers to geothermal power production cycles. Project review, December 1, 1974--May 31, 1977  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Work performed on the development of direct contact heat exchanger power cycles for geothermal applications is reviewed. The period covered in the report is from the inception of the project in 1974 through May 31, 1977. Results from a large experimental program on heat exchanger develpment as well as from many analyses of components and cycle performance and economics are given. A number of working fluids and operating conditions have been considered, and no major obstacles for the implementation of the concept have been discovered.

Jacobs, H.R.; Boehm, R.F.; Hansen, A.C.

1977-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

204

Hybrid Silicon Photonics for Optical Interconnects  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

and J. U. Yoon, Silicon photonics for compact, energy- ef?www.zurich.ibm.com/st/photonics/interconnects.html [3] R.comb laser, in Proc. SPIE Photonics West 2010, pp. 76070W

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

205

Carbon nanotube synthesis for integrated circuit interconnects  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Based on their properties, carbon nanotubes (CNTs) have been identified as ideal replacements for copper interconnects in integrated circuits given their higher current density, inertness, and higher resistance to ...

Nessim, Gilbert Daniel

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

206

Interconnectable blocks for music and audio processing  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This thesis describes the technical implementation of a set of interconnectable blocks designed to be used by children to explore the possibilities of digital sound manipulation. In contrast to similar modular systems, ...

McPherson, Andrew, 1982-

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

207

Removing Barriers to Utility Interconnected Photovoltaic Inverters  

SciTech Connect

The Million Solar Roofs Initiative has motivated a renewed interest in the development of utility interconnected photovoltaic (UIPV) inverters. Government-sponsored programs (PVMaT, PVBONUS) and competition among utility interconnected inverter manufacturers have stimulated innovations and improved the performance of existing technologies. With this resurgence, Sandia National Laboratories (SNL) has developed a program to assist industry initiatives to overcome barriers to UIPV inverters. In accordance with newly adopted IEEE 929-2000, the utility interconnected PV inverters are required to cease energizing the utility grid when either a significant disturbance occurs or the utility experiences an interruption in service. Compliance with IEEE 929-2000 is being widely adopted by utilities as a minimum requirement for utility interconnection. This report summarizes work done at the SNL balance-of-systems laboratory to support the development of IEEE 929-2000 and to assist manufacturers in meeting its requirements.

Gonzalez, S.; Bonn, R.H.; Ginn, J.W.

2000-10-03T23:59:59.000Z

208

Interconnection Standards (Indiana) | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

provide three levels of interconnection to customer-generators. Level 1: Applies to inverter-based systems with a maximum nameplate capacity of 10 kilowatts (kW). These systems...

209

Hydrothermal research and development assessment. Task Force report: projections for direct-heat applications  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Low and moderate temperature hydrothermal resources suitable for direct-heat applications have been identified in 37 states. The extent to which three resources might be used over the next 20 years were evaluated and the probable impact of Federal programs on hydrothermal resource utilization was assessed. The use types that comprise the bulk of the market were determined. Representative firms and municipalities were interviewed to determine their willingness to use hydrothermal energy, and to determine the investment decision criteria that would influence their actions. (MHR)

Not Available

1982-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

210

Direct energy conversion in fission reactors: A U.S. NERI project  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

In principle, the energy released by a fission can be converted directly into electricity by using the charged fission fragments. The first theoretical treatment of direct energy conversion (DEC) appeared in the literature in 1957. Experiments were conducted over the next ten years, which identified a number of problem areas. Research declined by the late 1960's due to technical challenges that limited performance. Under the Nuclear Energy Research Initiative the authors are determining if these technical challenges can be overcome with todays technology. The authors present the basic principles of DEC reactors, review previous research, discuss problem areas in detail, and identify technological developments of the last 30 years that can overcome these obstacles. As an example, the fission electric cell must be insulated to avoid electrons crossing the cell. This insulation could be provided by a magnetic field as attempted in the early experiments. However, from work on magnetically insulated ion diodes they know how to significantly improve the field geometry. Finally, a prognosis for future development of DEC reactors will be presented .

SLUTZ,STEPHEN A.; SEIDEL,DAVID B.; POLANSKY,GARY F.; ROCHAU,GARY E.; LIPINSKI,RONALD J.; BESENBRUCH,G.; BROWN,L.C.; PARISH,T.A.; ANGHAIE,S.; BELLER,D.E.

2000-05-30T23:59:59.000Z

211

Amendment of Presidential Permit (PP-68) San Diego Gas & Electric Company for Interconnection of Otay Mesa Generating Project to Miguel-Tijuana 230 kV Transmission Line San Diego, California  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Section Page S:\COMM\NEPA\TODO \EA1383\EATOC1 -R.DOC 4/1/02 -i- 1.0 INTRODUCTION 1-1 1.1 BACKGROUND 1-1 1.2 SCOPE OF PROJECT 1-2 1.3 PURPOSE AND NEED 1-3 1.4 AGENCY ACTIONS 1-3 1.4.1 Federal 1-3 1.4.1.1 U.S. Department of Energy 1-3 1.4.1.2 U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service 1-4 1.4.2 Other Agenc y Actions 1-4 1.4.2.1 California Energy Commission 1-4 1.4.2.2 California Department of Fish and Game 1-4 1.4.2.3 State Historic Preservation Office 1-5 1.4.2.4 San Diego County 1-5 2.0 PROPOSED ACTION AND ALTERNATIVES 2-1 2.1 NO ACTION ALTERNATIVE 2-1 2.2 PROPOSED ACTION 2-1 2.2.1 Proposed Amendment to Presidential Permit (PP-68) 2-2 2.2.2 Description of Proposed Project Components and Activities 2-3 2.2.2.1 Otay Mesa 230 kV Switchyard 2-3

212

Accelerating Fatigue Testing for Cu Ribbon Interconnects (Presentation)  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

This presentation describes fatigue experiments and discusses dynamic mechanical loading for Cu ribbon interconnects.

Bosco, N.; Silverman, T.; Wohlgemuth , J.; Kurtz, S.; Inoue, M.; Sakurai, K.; Shioda, T.; Zenkoh, H.; Miyashita, M.; Tadanori, T.; Suzuki, S.

2013-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

213

NREL Variability Analysis for the Western Interconnect (Presentation)  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

This presentation investigates the effects of several Energy Imbalance Markets implementations in the Western Interconnect.

Milligan, M.; Kirby, B.; King, J.

2011-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

214

Interconnecting PV on New York City's Secondary Network Distribution System  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) has teamed with cities across the country through the Solar America Cities (SAC) partnership program to help reduce barriers and accelerate implementation of solar energy. The New York City SAC team is a partnership between the City University of New York (CUNY), the New York City Mayor s Office of Long-term Planning and Sustainability, and the New York City Economic Development Corporation (NYCEDC).The New York City SAC team is working with DOE s National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) and Con Edison, the local utility, to develop a roadmap for photovoltaic (PV) installations in the five boroughs. The city set a goal to increase its installed PV capacity from1.1 MW in 2005 to 8.1 MW by 2015 (the maximum allowed in 2005). A key barrier to reaching this goal, however, is the complexity of the interconnection process with the local utility. Unique challenges are associated with connecting distributed PV systems to secondary network distribution systems (simplified to ???¢????????networks???¢??????? in this report). Although most areas of the country use simpler radial distribution systems to distribute electricity, larger metropolitan areas like New York City typically use networks to increase reliability in large load centers. Unlike the radial distribution system, where each customer receives power through a single line, a network uses a grid of interconnected lines to deliver power to each customer through several parallel circuits and sources. This redundancy improves reliability, but it also requires more complicated coordination and protection schemes that can be disrupted by energy exported from distributed PV systems. Currently, Con Edison studies each potential PV system in New York City to evaluate the system s impact on the network, but this is time consuming for utility engineers and may delay the customer s project or add cost for larger installations. City leaders would like to streamline this process to facilitate faster, simpler, and less expensive distributed PV system interconnections. To assess ways to improve the interconnection process, NREL conducted a four-part study with support from DOE. The NREL team then compiled the final reports from each study into this report. In Section 1???¢????????PV Deployment Analysis for New York City???¢????????we analyze the technical potential for rooftop PV systems in the city. This analysis evaluates potential PV power production in ten Con Edison networks of various locations and building densities (ranging from high density apartments to lower density single family homes). Next, we compare the potential power production to network loads to determine where and when PV generation is most likely to exceed network load and disrupt network protection schemes. The results of this analysis may assist Con Edison in evaluating future PV interconnection applications and in planning future network protection system upgrades. This analysis may also assist other utilities interconnecting PV systems to networks by defining a method for assessing the technical potential of PV in the network and its impact on network loads. Section 2???¢????????A Briefing for Policy Makers on Connecting PV to a Network Grid???¢????????presents an overview intended for nontechnical stakeholders. This section describes the issues associated with interconnecting PV systems to networks, along with possible solutions. Section 3???¢????????Technical Review of Concerns and Solutions to PV Interconnection in New Y

K. Anderson; M. Coddington; K. Burman; S. Hayter; B. Kroposki; and A. Watson

2009-11-30T23:59:59.000Z

215

Eastern Interconnection Planning Collaborative News Release | Department of  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Eastern Interconnection Planning Collaborative News Release Eastern Interconnection Planning Collaborative News Release Eastern Interconnection Planning Collaborative News Release The Eastern Interconnection Planning Collaborative (EIPC) today announced that its diverse array of stakeholders has reached consensus on the final set of "resource expansion futures" to be studied as part of the electric system transmission planning effort funded by the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE). Eastern Interconnection Planning Collaborative News Release More Documents & Publications Electricity Advisory Committee Meeting Presentations October 2011 - Interconnection-Wide Transmission Planning Processes 2012 National Electric Transmission Congestion Study - Philadelphia Workshop EAC Recommendations for DOE Action Regarding Interconnection-Wide Planning

216

Final report for LDRD project 11-0783 : directed robots for increased military manpower effectiveness.  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The purpose of this LDRD is to develop technology allowing warfighters to provide high-level commands to their unmanned assets, freeing them to command a group of them or commit the bulk of their attention elsewhere. To this end, a brain-emulating cognition and control architecture (BECCA) was developed, incorporating novel and uniquely capable feature creation and reinforcement learning algorithms. BECCA was demonstrated on both a mobile manipulator platform and on a seven degree of freedom serial link robot arm. Existing military ground robots are almost universally teleoperated and occupy the complete attention of an operator. They may remove a soldier from harm's way, but they do not necessarily reduce manpower requirements. Current research efforts to solve the problem of autonomous operation in an unstructured, dynamic environment fall short of the desired performance. In order to increase the effectiveness of unmanned vehicle (UV) operators, we proposed to develop robots that can be 'directed' rather than remote-controlled. They are instructed and trained by human operators, rather than driven. The technical approach is modeled closely on psychological and neuroscientific models of human learning. Two Sandia-developed models are utilized in this effort: the Sandia Cognitive Framework (SCF), a cognitive psychology-based model of human processes, and BECCA, a psychophysical-based model of learning, motor control, and conceptualization. Together, these models span the functional space from perceptuo-motor abilities, to high-level motivational and attentional processes.

Rohrer, Brandon Robinson; Rothganger, Fredrick H.; Wagner, John S.; Xavier, Patrick Gordon; Morrow, James Dan

2011-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

217

Interconnection-Wide Transmission Planning Initiative: Topic B, Cooperation  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Interconnection-Wide Transmission Planning Initiative: Topic B, Interconnection-Wide Transmission Planning Initiative: Topic B, Cooperation Among States in the Eastern Interconnection on Electric Resource Planning and Priorities Interconnection-Wide Transmission Planning Initiative: Topic B, Cooperation Among States in the Eastern Interconnection on Electric Resource Planning and Priorities A description of the requirements for Topic B for the Eastern Interconnection under the Interconnection-Wide Transmission Planning Initiative, part of the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act. The fundamental purpose of the awards under Topic B is to facilitate dialogue and collaboration among the states in the respective interconnections (or among state agencies, in the Texas Interconnection). Interconnection-Wide Transmission Planning Initiative: Topic B, Cooperation

218

Interconnection-Wide Transmission Planning Initiative: Topic B, Cooperation  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Cooperation Among States in the Western Interconnection on Electric Cooperation Among States in the Western Interconnection on Electric Resource Planning and Priorities Interconnection-Wide Transmission Planning Initiative: Topic B, Cooperation Among States in the Western Interconnection on Electric Resource Planning and Priorities A description of the requirements for Topic B for the Western Interconnection under the Interconnection-Wide Transmission Planning Initiative, part of the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act. The fundamental purpose of the awards under Topic B is to facilitate dialogue and collaboration among the states in the respective interconnections (or among state agencies, in the Texas Interconnection). Interconnection-Wide Transmission Planning Initiative: Topic B, Cooperation Among States in the Western Interconnection on Electric Resource Planning

219

Interconnection-Wide Transmission Planning Initiative: Topic B, Cooperation  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Interconnection-Wide Transmission Planning Initiative: Topic B, Interconnection-Wide Transmission Planning Initiative: Topic B, Cooperation Among States in the Eastern Interconnection on Electric Resource Planning and Priorities Interconnection-Wide Transmission Planning Initiative: Topic B, Cooperation Among States in the Eastern Interconnection on Electric Resource Planning and Priorities A description of the requirements for Topic B for the Eastern Interconnection under the Interconnection-Wide Transmission Planning Initiative, part of the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act. The fundamental purpose of the awards under Topic B is to facilitate dialogue and collaboration among the states in the respective interconnections (or among state agencies, in the Texas Interconnection). Interconnection-Wide Transmission Planning Initiative: Topic B, Cooperation

220

Resistive analysis of mixed carbon nanotube bundle interconnect and its comparison with copper interconnect  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

As resistivity of Copper (Cu) increases with technology scaling, this drives us to look for new interconnect material for future very large scale integration (VLSI). Mixed carbon nanotube (CNT) bundle has superior properties like current carrying capacity ... Keywords: copper, interconnect, mixed carbon nanotube bundle

T. Alam; R. Dhiman; R. Chandel

2011-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "direct interconnection project" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


221

DOE/EIS-0372; Draft Environmental Impact Statement for the Bangor Hydro-Electric Company Northeast Reliability Interconnect (August 2005)  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Sheet Northeast Reliability Interconnect DEIS Sheet Northeast Reliability Interconnect DEIS iii COVER SHEET Responsible Federal Agency: U.S. Department of Energy, Office of Electricity Delivery and Energy Reliability Cooperating Agencies: U.S. Department of the Interior, U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service (USFWS) and U.S. Department of Commerce, National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, National Marine Fisheries Service (NOAA Fisheries) Title: Draft Environmental Impact Statement for the Bangor Hydro-Electric Company Northeast Reliability Interconnect Location: Hancock, Penobscot, and Washington Counties, Maine. Contacts: For additional information on this Draft Environmental Impact Statement (EIS), contact: Dr. Jerry Pell, Project Manager Office of Electricity Delivery and Energy

222

SPIDERS Bi-Directional Charging Station Interconnection Testing  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The Smart Power Infrastructure Demonstration for Energy Reliability and Security (SPIDERS) program is a multi-year Department of Defense-Department of Energy (DOE) collaborative effort that will demonstrate integration of renewables into island-able microgrids using on-site generation control, demand response, and energy storage with robust security features at multiple installations. Fort Carson, Colorado, will be the initial development and demonstration site for use of plug-in electric vehicles as energy storage (also known as vehicle-to-grid or V2G).

Simpson, M.

2013-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

223

EIS-0485: Interconnection of the Grande Prairie Wind Farm, Holt County, Nebraska  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

DOEs Western Area Power Administration is preparing this EIS to evaluate the environmental impacts of interconnecting the proposed Grande Prairie Wind Farm, in Holt County, near the city of ONeill, Nebraska, to Westerns power transmission system. The proposed wind energy generation project would include up to 266 wind turbines.

224

RESEARCH CALL TO DOE/FEDERAL LABORATORIES Technical Support for Interconnection-Level Electric Infrastructure Planning  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

on electricity demand, and comparison of utility resource plans · Water/energy nexus · Technical assistance-year period covered by this research call. Area of Interest 2: New Technologies, Electricity Demand, and Utility Resource Plans a) Western Interconnection Project 1 - New Technologies and Electricity Demand Need

225

Interconnection Testing of Distributed Resources: Preprint  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

With the publication of IEEE 1547-2003(TM) Standard for Interconnecting Distributed Resources With Electric Power Systems, the electric power industry has a need to develop tests and procedures to verify that interconnection equipment meets 1547 technical requirements. A new standard, IEEE P1547.1(TM), is being written to give detailed tests and procedures for confirming that equipment meets the interconnection requirements. The National Renewable Energy Laboratory has been validating test procedures being developed as part of IEEE P1547.1. As work progresses on the validation of those procedures, information and test reports are passed on to the working group of IEEE P1547.1 for future revisions.

Kroposki, B.; Basso, T.; DeBlasio, R.

2004-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

226

Project Trinidad: explosive excavation of railroad cuts 2 and 3 by mounding and directed blasting. Final technical report  

SciTech Connect

The objectives, design, and results of two explosive excavation experiments performed as the final phase of Project Trinidad, a comprehensive series of tests to determine the cratering properties of interbedded sandstones and shales, are summarized. The experiments were performed in September 1971 by the U.S. Army Engineer Waterways Experiment Station Explosive Excavation Research Laboratory. These final experiments were designed to excavate through- cuts for relocation of the Colorado and Wyoming Railroad at the Trinidad Dam and Lake Project. The first of the two experiments tested a charge array designed to break up material within a 19,000-yd/sup 3/ cut to facilitate later removal of the material by mechanical means. The concept tested was mounding, a blasting technique in which charges are positioned with respect to the horizontal ground surface rather than a vertical bench face. The results from this experiment confirmed the applicability of empirical scaling methods to the design of an array of deeply buried charges. The second experiment was a directed blasting detonation that was designed to produce a 30.000-yd/sup 3/ throughcut by cratering. This experiment tested a charge array design that had been developed by a combination of empirical scaling and kinematical methods. (auth)

Lattery, J.E.

1973-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

227

FLIP: A flexible interconnection protocol for heterogeneous internetworking  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This paper describes the Flexible Interconnection Protocol, or FLIP, whose main goal is to allow interconnection of heterogeneous devices with varying power, processing, and communication capabilities, ranging from simple sensors to more powerful computing devices such as laptops and desktops. The vision is that FLIP will be used to interconnect such devices forming clouds in the farthest branches/leaves of the Internet, while still providing connectivity with the existing IP-based Internet infrastructure. Through its flexible, customizable headers FLIP integrates just the functions required by a given application and that can be handled by the underlying device. Simple devices like sensors will benefit from incurring close to optimal overhead saving not only bandwidth, but, more importantly, energy. More sophisticated devices in the cloud can be responsible for implementing more complex functions like reliable/ordered data delivery, communication with other device clouds and with the IP infrastructure. FLIP is designed to provide a basic substrate on which to build network- and transport-level functionality. In heterogeneous environments, FLIP allows devices with varying capabilities to coexist and interoperate under the same network infrastructure. We present the basic design of FLIP and describe its implementation under Linux. We also report on FLIPs performance when providing IPv4 and IPv6 as well as transport-layer functionality a la TCP and UDP. We show FLIPs energy efficiency in different sensor network scenarios. For example, we use FLIP to implement the directed diffusion communication paradigm and obtain an improvement of 50 % in energy savings over an existing directed diffusion implementation. Finally, we showcase FLIPs flexibility by demonstrating its ability to incorporate new protocol functions

Ignacio Solis; Katia Obraczka

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

228

Planarization of metal films for multilevel interconnects  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

In the fabrication of multilevel integrated circuits, each metal layer is anarized by heating to momentarily melt the layer. The layer is melted by sweeping laser pulses of suitable width, typically about 1 microsecond duration, over the layer in small increments. The planarization of each metal layer eliminates irregular and discontinuous conditions between successive layers. The planarization method is particularly applicable to circuits having ground or power planes and allows for multilevel interconnects. Dielectric layers can also be planarized to produce a fully planar multilevel interconnect structure. The method is useful for the fabrication of VLSI circuits, particularly for wafer-scale integration.

Tuckerman, David B. (Livermore, CA)

1989-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

229

Planarization of metal films for multilevel interconnects  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

In the fabrication of multilevel integrated circuits, each metal layer is anarized by heating to momentarily melt the layer. The layer is melted by sweeping laser pulses of suitable width, typically about 1 microsecond duration, over the layer in small increments. The planarization of each metal layer eliminates irregular and discontinuous conditions between successive layers. The planarization method is particularly applicable to circuits having ground or power planes and allows for multilevel interconnects. Dielectric layers can also be planarized to produce a fully planar multilevel interconnect structure. The method is useful for the fabrication of VLSI circuits, particularly for wafer-scale integration.

Tuckerman, David B. (Livermore, CA)

1987-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

230

Project  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Exploring the Standard Model Exploring the Standard Model       You've heard a lot about the Standard Model and the pieces are hopefully beginning to fall into place. However, even a thorough understanding of the Standard Model is not the end of the story but the beginning. By exploring the structure and details of the Standard Model we encounter new questions. Why do the most fundamental particles have the particular masses we observe? Why aren't they all symmetric? How is the mass of a particle related to the masses of its constituents? Is there any other way of organizing the Standard Model? The activities in this project will elucidate but not answer our questions. The Standard Model tells us how particles behave but not necessarily why they do so. The conversation is only beginning. . . .

231

North American LNG Project Sourcebook  

SciTech Connect

The report provides a status of the development of LNG Import Terminal projects in North America, and includes 1-2 page profiles of 63 LNG projects in North America which are either in operation, under construction, or under development. For each project, the sourcebook provides information on the following elements: project description, project ownership, project status, projected operation date, storage capacity, sendout capacity, and pipeline interconnection.

NONE

2007-06-15T23:59:59.000Z

232

Interconnection Network for Tightly Coupled Accelerators Architecture  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In recent years, heterogeneous clusters using accelerators have entered widespread use in high-performance computing systems. In such clusters, inter-node communication between accelerators normally requires several memory copies via CPU memory, which ... Keywords: PCI Express, Interconnect for accelerators, GPU cluster, Accelerator computing, Remote DMA

Toshihiro Hanawa, Yuetsu Kodama, Taisuke Boku, Mitsuhisa Sato

2013-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

233

Environmental and Potential Health Effects of High Voltage Direct Current Transmission Lines  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

High-voltage direct current (HVDC) technology plays an important but highly selective role in the U.S. power delivery system. It is a cost-effective technology for transferring bulk power over long distances, a critical technology for asynchronous grid interconnection, and the preferred technology for long-distance underwater cable transmission. Current interest in renovating the national grid for greater loads and higher reliability as well as unique applications for renewable energy projects, including...

2012-07-31T23:59:59.000Z

234

EIS-0469: Proposed Wilton IV Wind Energy Center Project, Burleigh...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

is evaluating the potential environmental impacts of interconnecting NextEra Energy Resources proposed Wilton IV Wind Energy Center Project, near Bismarck, North Dakota, to...

235

Cogeneration project evaluation manual  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This is a guide for evaluating and implementing cogeneration projects in North Carolina. It emphasizes economic assessment and describes cogeneration technologies and legal guidelines. Included are hypothetical projects to illustrate tax and cash flow calculations and a discussion of cogeneration/utility system interconnection. In addition, the manual contains utility rate schedules and regulations, sources of financing, equipment information, and consulting assistance.

Not Available

1985-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

236

Interconnection-Wide Transmission Planning Initiative: Topic B, State  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

State Agency Input Regarding Electric Resource and Transmission Planning in State Agency Input Regarding Electric Resource and Transmission Planning in the Texas Interconnection Interconnection-Wide Transmission Planning Initiative: Topic B, State Agency Input Regarding Electric Resource and Transmission Planning in the Texas Interconnection A description of the requirements for Topic B for the Texas Interconnect under the Interconnection-Wide Transmission Planning Initiative, part of the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act. The fundamental purpose of the awards under Topic B is to facilitate dialogue and collaboration among the states in the respective interconnections (or among state agencies, in the Texas Interconnection). Interconnection-Wide Transmission Planning Initiative: Topic B, State Agency Input Regarding Electric Resource and Transmission Planning in the

237

High temperature solid electrolyte fuel cell configurations and interconnections  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

High temperature fuel cell configurations and interconnections are made including annular cells having a solid electrolyte sandwiched between thin film electrodes. The cells are electrically interconnected along an elongated axial outer surface.

Isenberg, Arnold O. (Forest Hills, PA)

1984-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

238

The Y-Architecture for On-Chip Interconnect: Analysis and Methodology  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The Y-architecture for on-chip interconnect is based on pervasiveuse of 0-, 120-, and 240-degree oriented semi-global and globalwiring. Its use of three uniform directions exploits on-chip routingresources more efficiently than traditional Manhattan ...

Hongyu Chen; Chung-Kuan Cheng; Andrew B. Kahng; Ion Mandoiu; Qinke Wang; Bo Yao

2003-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

239

Stability analysis of T-S fuzzy models for nonlinear multiple time-delay interconnected systems  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this paper, the Takagi-Sugeno (T-S) fuzzy model representation is extended to the stability analysis for nonlinear interconnected systems with multiple time-delays using linear matrix inequality (LMI) theory. In terms of Lyapunov's direct method for ... Keywords: Lyapunov's theory, fuzzy systems, time delay

C. W. Chen; W. L. Chiang; F. H. Hsiao

2004-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

240

Pb-free Solders and Emerging Interconnect and Packaging ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this Symposium, emerging interconnect and packaging technologies and insights into existing materials and technologies, including Pb-free, Pb-

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "direct interconnection project" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


241

EIS-0486: Plains & Eastern Clean Line Transmission Project  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

This EIS will evaluate the potential environmental impacts of participating with Clean Line Energy Partners LLC (Clean Line) in the proposed Plains & Eastern Project. The proposed project would include an overhead 600 kilovolt (kV) high voltage direct current (HVDC) electric transmission system and associated facilities with the capacity to deliver approximately 3,500 megawatts (MW) primarily from renewable energy generation facilities in the Oklahoma Panhandle region to load-serving entities in the Mid-South and Southeast via an interconnection with the Tennessee Valley Authority (TVA).

242

Analysis of challenges for on-chip optical interconnects  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Optical interconnects are touted as the solution to the performance bottleneck of future interconnects in scaled technology nodes. Though significant strides have been made in realizing silicon photonic devices that can give high performance in controlled ... Keywords: modulator, on-chip optical interconnect, polarization sensitivity, ring-resonator, thermal sensitivity

Rajeev K. Dokania; Alyssa B. Apsel

2009-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

243

Interconnected networks and the governance of risk and trust  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Interconnected networks constitute the backbone of our society and bring many advantages to our daily life and activities. At the same time, however, our dependence on these networks and the fact that they are all interconnected makes our society vulnerable. ... Keywords: Risk, governance, interconnection, networks, trust

Victor Bekkers; Marcel Thaens

2005-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

244

Electroplating of Cu(Ag) thin films for interconnect applications  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Electromigration effects in interconnect metallizations cause a need for materials with superior resistance against electromigration failure but with adequate electrical properties. In principle, Cu(Ag) alloys are potential candidates to become an interconnect ... Keywords: Copper-silver alloy thin film, Electrochemical deposition, Interconnect material

S. Strehle; S. Menzel; J. W. Bartha; K. Wetzig

2010-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

245

Technology Assessment of Interconnection Products for Distributed Resources: 2001 Update  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This interim technology assessment for distributed resources (DR), including generation and storage, is intended to assist system engineers in understanding the availability and application of interconnection products. The report provides a frame of reference to assess these products by defining a set of interconnection functions, descriptive elements, and applications and documenting the state of the art of interconnection products.

2001-11-30T23:59:59.000Z

246

On some selected issues in VLSI Interconnect Layouts in the nanometer range by  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

On some selected issues in VLSI Interconnect Layouts in the nanometer range The advent of deep sub-micron and nanometric regime for CMOS semiconductor technology has resulted in several restrictions in the physical design of VLSI circuits primarily through constraints imposed by interconnects. These constraints typically include the interconnect delay, congestion, cross-talk, power dissipation and others. These issues have to be considered in the physical design of VLSI circuits. For a specific set of design goals, faster design convergence is often achieved by considering estimates of some or all of these parameters in the physical synthesis and logic synthesis stages. Thus, accurate estimation of these parameters have direct impact on issues such as convergence, performance, yield and manufacturability of chips, and there is immense scope of research in design and performance of interconnects. In addition to these, efforts are on for exploration and use of routing architectures which are different from the traditional Manhattan architecture. In this survey, we attempt to provide a brief overview of some of the select areas of the state-of-the art research on interconnect routing in the deep sub-micron and nanometer range. 1.

Partha Sarathi Dasgupta

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

247

Frequency Instability Problems in North American Interconnections  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Frequency Instability Problems in Frequency Instability Problems in North American Interconnections May 1, 2011 DOE/NETL-2011/1473 Frequency Instability Problems in North American Interconnections Disclaimer This report was prepared as an account of work sponsored by an agency of the United States Government. Neither the United States Government nor any agency thereof, nor any of their employees, makes any warranty, express or implied, or assumes any legal liability or responsibility for the accuracy, completeness, or usefulness of any information, apparatus, product, or process disclosed, or represents that its use would not infringe privately owned rights. Reference therein to any specific commercial product, process, or service by trade name, trademark, manufacturer, or otherwise does not necessarily constitute or imply its endorsement,

248

Geothermal Power and Interconnection: The Economics of Getting to Market  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This report provides a baseline description of the transmission issues affecting geothermal technologies. The report begins with a comprehensive overview of the grid, how it is planned, how it is used, and how it is paid for. The report then overlays onto this 'big picture' three types of geothermal technologies: conventional hydrothermal systems; emerging technologies such as enhanced engineered geothermal systems (EGS) and geopressured geothermal; and geothermal co-production with existing oil and gas wells. Each category of geothermal technology has its own set of interconnection issues, and these are examined separately for each. The report draws conclusions about each technology's market affinities as defined by factors related to transmission and distribution infrastructure. It finishes with an assessment of selected markets with known geothermal potential, identifying those that offer the best prospects for near-term commercial development and for demonstration projects.

Hurlbut, D.

2012-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

249

Interconnection Standards for Small Generators | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Interconnection Standards for Small Generators Interconnection Standards for Small Generators Interconnection Standards for Small Generators < Back Eligibility Agricultural Commercial Fed. Government Industrial Institutional Local Government Nonprofit Residential Schools State Government Tribal Government Savings Category Bioenergy Commercial Heating & Cooling Manufacturing Buying & Making Electricity Water Wind Energy Sources Solar Home Weatherization Program Info Program Type Interconnection Provider Federal Energy Regulatory Commission The Federal Energy Regulatory Commission (FERC) adopted "small generator" interconnection standards for distributed energy resources up to 20 megawatts (MW) in capacity in May 2005.* The FERC's standards apply only to facilities subject to the jurisdiction of the commission; these facilities

250

Facilities and Administration (F&A) cost is another term used for indirect cost. F&A/Indirect cost are calculated based on the direct expenditures of sponsored projects.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

are calculated based on the direct expenditures of sponsored projects. F&A/Indirect cost can not be readily. These costs are "real" though they can not be associated with a specific project. Examples of F and departmental administration. Penn will apply the appropriate F&A rate to the direct cost of the project based

Bushman, Frederic

251

Definition: Interconnection Reliability Operating Limit Tv | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Limit Tv Limit Tv Jump to: navigation, search Dictionary.png Interconnection Reliability Operating Limit Tv The maximum time that an Interconnection Reliability Operating Limit can be violated before the risk to the interconnection or other Reliability Coordinator Area(s) becomes greater than acceptable. Each Interconnection Reliability Operating Limit's Tv shall be less than or equal to 30 minutes.[1] Related Terms Interconnection Reliability Operating Limitinterconnection, interconnection References ↑ Glossary of Terms Used in Reliability Standards An i LikeLike UnlikeLike You like this.Sign Up to see what your friends like. nline Glossary Definition Retrieved from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=Definition:Interconnection_Reliability_Operating_Limit_Tv&oldid=493031

252

Eastern Interconnection Planning Collaborative News Release | Department of  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Eastern Interconnection Planning Collaborative News Release Eastern Interconnection Planning Collaborative News Release Eastern Interconnection Planning Collaborative News Release The Eastern Interconnection Planning Collaborative (EIPC) today announced that its diverse array of stakeholders has reached consensus on the final set of "resource expansion futures" to be studied as part of the electric system transmission planning effort funded by the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE). Eastern Interconnection Planning Collaborative News Release More Documents & Publications Electricity Advisory Committee Meeting Presentations October 2011 - Interconnection-Wide Transmission Planning Processes EAC Recommendations for DOE Action Regarding Interconnection-Wide Planning - June 6, 2013 Application to Export Electric Energy OE Docket No. EA-352 NaturEner Tie

253

Development of Ceramic Interconnect Materials for SOFC  

SciTech Connect

Currently, acceptor-doped lanthanum chromite is the state-of-the-art ceramic interconnect material for high temperature solid oxide fuel cells (SOFCs) due to its fairly good electronic conductivity and chemical stability in both oxidizing and reducing atmospheres, and thermal compatibility with other cell components. The major challenge for acceptor-doped lanthanum chromite for SOFC interconnect applications is its inferior sintering behavior in air, which has been attributed to the development of a thin layer of Cr2O3 at the interparticle necks during the initial stages of sintering. In addition, lanthanum chromite is reactive with YSZ electrolyte at high temperatures, forming a highly resistive lanthanum zirconate phase (La2Zr2O7), which further complicates co-firing processes. Acceptor-doped yttrium chromite is considered to be one of the promising alternatives to acceptor-doped lanthanum chromite because it is more stable with respect to the formation of hydroxides in SOFC operating conditions, and the formation of impurity phases can be effectively avoided at co-firing temperatures. In addition, calcium-doped yttrium chromite exhibits higher mechanical strength than lanthanum chromite-based materials. The major drawback of yttrium chromite is considered to be its lower electrical conductivity than lanthanum chromite. The properties of yttrium chromites could possibly be improved and optimized by partial substitution of chromium with various transition metals. During FY10, PNNL investigated the effect of various transition metal doping on chemical stability, sintering and thermal expansion behavior, microstructure, electronic and ionic conductivity, and chemical compatibility with other cell components to develop the optimized ceramic interconnect material.

Yoon, Kyung J.; Stevenson, Jeffry W.; Marina, Olga A.

2010-08-05T23:59:59.000Z

254

Supplement analysis, Southpoint power project  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The Calpine Corporation applied to interconnect its proposed power plant with the Western Area Power Administration`s (Western) Parker-Davis project in western Arizona. Western, as a major electric transmission system owner is required by existing policies and regulations, to provide access to its transmission system, when requested by an eligible organization. The proposed interconnection would integrate a major source of new generation into the Parker-Davis system which would allow Calpine to supply its power to the electric wholesale market. Based on this application, Western`s proposed action is to enter into an interconnection agreement with Calpine.

NONE

1999-03-16T23:59:59.000Z

255

Environmental Regulation Impacts on Eastern Interconnection Performance  

SciTech Connect

In the United States, recent environmental regulations will likely result in the removal of nearly 30 GW of oil and coal-fired generation from the power grid, mostly in the Eastern Interconnection (EI). The effects of this transition on voltage stability and transmission line flows have previously not been studied from a system-wide perspective. This report discusses the results of power flow studies designed to simulate the evolution of the EI over the next few years as traditional generation sources are replaced with environmentally friendlier ones such as natural gas and wind.

Markham, Penn N [ORNL; Liu, Yilu [ORNL; Young II, Marcus Aaron [ORNL

2013-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

256

Updating Interconnection Screens for PV System Integration  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

This white paper evaluates the origins and usefulness of the capacity penetration screen, offer short-term solutions which could effectively allow fast-track interconnection to many PV system applications, and considers longer-term solutions for increasing PV deployment levels in a safe and reliable manner while reducing or eliminating the emphasis on the penetration screen. Short-term and longer-term alternatives approaches are offered as examples; however, specific modifications to screening procedures should be discussed with stakeholders and must ultimately be adopted by state and federal regulatory bodies.

Coddington, M.; Mather, B.; Kroposki, B.; Lynn, K.; Razon, A.; Ellis, A.; Hill, R.; Key, T.; Nicole, K.; Smith, J.

2012-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

257

Repairable chip bonding/interconnect process  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A repairable, chip-to-board interconnect process which addresses cost and testability issues in the multi-chip modules is disclosed. This process can be carried out using a chip-on-sacrificial-substrate technique, involving laser processing. This process avoids the curing/solvent evolution problems encountered in prior approaches, as well is resolving prior plating problems and the requirements for fillets. For repairable high speed chip-to-board connection, transmission lines can be formed on the sides of the chip from chip bond pads, ending in a gull wing at the bottom of the chip for subsequent solder. 10 figs.

Bernhardt, A.F.; Contolini, R.J.; Malba, V.; Riddle, R.A.

1997-08-05T23:59:59.000Z

258

Repairable chip bonding/interconnect process  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A repairable, chip-to-board interconnect process which addresses cost and testability issues in the multi-chip modules. This process can be carried out using a chip-on-sacrificial-substrate technique, involving laser processing. This process avoids the curing/solvent evolution problems encountered in prior approaches, as well is resolving prior plating problems and the requirements for fillets. For repairable high speed chip-to-board connection, transmission lines can be formed on the sides of the chip from chip bond pads, ending in a gull wing at the bottom of the chip for subsequent solder.

Bernhardt, Anthony F. (Berkeley, CA); Contolini, Robert J. (Livermore, CA); Malba, Vincent (Livermore, CA); Riddle, Robert A. (Tracy, CA)

1997-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

259

EA-1825: Limon Wind Project, Lincoln County, Colorado  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

DOEs Western Area Power Administration is preparing this EA to evaluate the environmental impacts of a proposal to interconnect the proposed Limon Wind Project, in Lincoln County, Colorado, to Westerns transmission grid. NOTE: Proponent has postponed development of the project and withdrawn its interconnection requeest with WAPA.

260

Analysis of Parameters Affecting Costs of Horizontal Directional Drilling Projects in the United States for Municipal Infrastructure.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Horizontal Directional Drilling (HDD) is a growing and expanding trenchless method utilized to install pipelines from 2 to 60 inch diameters for lengths over 10,000 (more)

Vilfrant, Emmania Claudyne

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "direct interconnection project" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


261

Recovery Act Interconnection Transmission Planning | Department of Energy  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Act Interconnection Act Interconnection Transmission Planning Recovery Act Interconnection Transmission Planning View a Map of the Interconnections View a Map of the Interconnections Robust and reliable transmission and distribution networks are essential to achieving the Administration's clean energy goals, including the development, integration, and delivery of new renewable and other low-carbon resources in the electricity sector, and the use of these resources to displace petroleum-based fuels in the transportation sector. Pursuant to Title IV of the American Reinvestment and Recovery Act (2009), the Department of Energy's (DOE) Office of Electricity Delivery and Energy Reliability is helping to strengthen the capabilities for long-term analysis and planning in the three interconnections serving the lower 48

262

Special Issue: Selected Research from the First Optical Interconnects Conference  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This introduction to the special issue summarizes the creation of the first Optical Interconnects Conference, discusses some key themes in the field, and introduces the seven articles included in the special issue. Keywords: Special issues and sections,Optical interconnections,High performance computing,Silicon,Photonics,Data communications,Wavelength division multiplexing,wavelength division multiplexing,optical interconnects,high-performance computing,data centers,datacomm,silicon photonics

Jeffrey A. Kash, Raymond G. Beausoleil

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

263

Method of doping interconnections for electrochemical cells  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A dense, electronically conductive interconnection layer 26 is bonded on a porous, tubular, electronically conductive air electrode structure 16, optionally supported by a ceramic support 22, by (A) forming a layer of oxide particles of at least one of the metals Ca, Sr, Co, Ba or Mg on a part 24 of a first surface of the air electrode 16, (B) heating the electrode structure, (C) applying a halide vapor containing at least lanthanum halide and chromium halide to the first surface and applying a source of oxygen to a second opposite surface of the air electrode so that they contact at said first surface, to cause a reaction of the oxygen and halide and cause a dense lanthanum-chromium oxide structure to grow, from the first electrode surface, between and around the oxide particles, where the metal oxide particles get incoporated into the lanthanum-chromium oxide structure as it grows thicker with time, and the metal ions in the oxide particles diffuse into the bulk of the lanthamum-chromium oxide structure, to provide a dense, top, interconnection layer 26 on top of the air electrode 16. A solid electrolyte layer 18 can be applied to the uncovered portion of the air electrode, and a fuel electrode 20 can be applied to the solid electrolyte, to provide an electrochemical cell 10.

Pal, Uday B. (Monroeville, PA); Singhal, Subhash C. (Murrysville, PA); Moon, David M. (Pittsburgh, PA); Folser, George R. (Lower Burrell, PA)

1990-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

264

Pb-Free Solders and Next Generation Interconnects  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Meeting, Materials Science & Technology 2012. Symposium, Pb-Free Solders and Next Generation Interconnects. Sponsorship. Organizer(s), Thomas R. Bieler ,...

265

All Copper Flip-Chip Interconnect - Programmaster.org  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Abstract Scope, A novel flip-chip technology using electroless copper deposition has been used to produce all-copper, chip-to-substrate interconnect.

266

Pepco and PJM Interconnection Comments on District of Columbia...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Pepco and PJM Interconnection Comments on District of Columbia Public Service Commission, Docket No. EO-05-01 Comments and Answer to Requests for Rehearing Pepco and PJM...

267

Response from PJM Interconnection LLC and Pepco to Department...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

PJM Interconnection LLC and Pepco to Department of Energy Request for Information Concerning the Potential Need for Potomac River Station Generation Response from PJM...

268

Photonic crystal cavity based architecture for optical interconnects.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Todays information and communication industry is confronted with a serious bottleneck due to the prohibitive energy consumption and limited transmission bandwidth of electrical interconnects. Silicon (more)

Debnath, Kapil

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

269

Characterization of Mn-Co Electrodeposition for SOFC Interconnect ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Presentation Title, Characterization of Mn-Co Electrodeposition for SOFC Interconnect Applications by QCM. Author(s), Junwei Wu, Ayyakkannu Manivannan,...

270

Microsoft Word - Poster Abstract_2010_PNNL_Ceramic Interconnect...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

3: Development of Ceramic Interconnect Materials for SOFC Kyung Joong Yoon, Jeffry W. Stevenson, and Olga Marina A-site calcium doped yttrium chromite was additionally doped with...

271

Electrodeposited Mn-Co Alloy Coating For SOFC Interconnects  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Presentation Title, Electrodeposited Mn-Co Alloy Coating For SOFC Interconnects. Author(s), Heather McCrabb, Tim Hall, Junwei Wu, Hui Zhang, Xingbo Liu,...

272

The 8th TMS Lead Free Solder and Interconnect Technology ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

TMS 2012: Continuing Education: The 8th TMS Lead Free Solder and Interconnect Technology Workshop March 11-15, 2012 Orlando, FL. Who should attend:

273

Pb-Free Solders and Next Generation Interconnects  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

About this Symposium. Meeting, Materials Science & Technology 2011. Symposium, Pb-Free Solders and Next Generation Interconnects. Sponsorship, MS&T...

274

Microgrid V2G Charging Station Interconnection Testing (Presentation)  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This presentation by Mike Simpson of the National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) describes NREL's microgrid vehicle-to-grid charging station interconnection testing.

Simpson, M.

2013-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

275

Pb-free Solders and Advanced Interconnecting Materials  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... Pb-free solders and interconnects for automotive and power electronics ... and Orientation Evolution in Sn-Ag-Cu Solder Joints in Ball Grid Array Packages.

276

Sustainable Energy Solutions Task 1.0: Networked Monitoring and Control of Small Interconnected Wind Energy Systems  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

4.\tDistribution transformers, lines, and other components, and wireless and wired communications and control These lab elements will be interconnected and will function together to form a complete testbed for distributed resource monitoring and control strategies and smart grid applications testing. Development of the lab system will continue beyond this project.

Janet.twomey@wichita.edu

2010-04-30T23:59:59.000Z

277

Phase 1 - Evaluation of a Functional Interconnect System for Solid Oxide Fuel Cells  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

This project is focused on evaluating the suitability of materials and complex multi-materials systems for use as solid oxide fuel cell interconnects. ATI Allegheny Ludlum has generated promising results for interconnect materials which incorporate modified surfaces. Methods for producing these surfaces include cladding, which permits the use of novel materials, and modifications via unique thermomechanical processing, which allows for the modification of materials chemistry. The University of Pittsburgh is assisting in this effort by providing use of their in-place facilities for dual atmosphere testing and ASR measurements, along with substantial work to characterize post-exposure specimens. Carnegie Mellon is testing interconnects for chromia scale spallation resistance using macro-scale and nano-scale indentation tests. Chromia spallation can increase electrical resistance to unacceptable levels and interconnect systems must be developed that will not experience spallation within 40,000 hours at operating temperatures. Spallation is one of three interconnect failure mechanisms, the others being excessive growth of the chromia scale (increasing electrical resistance) and scale evaporation (which can poison the cathode). The goal of indentation fracture testing at Carnegie Mellon is to accelerate the evaluation of new interconnect systems (by inducing spalls at after short exposure times) and to use fracture mechanics to understand mechanisms leading to premature interconnect failure by spallation. Tests include bare alloys from ATI and coated systems from DOE Laboratories and industrial partners, using ATI alloy substrates. West Virginia University is working towards developing a cost-effective material for use as a contact material in the cathode chamber of the SOFC. Currently materials such as platinum are well suited for this purpose, but are cost-prohibitive. For the solid-oxide fuel cell to become a commercial reality it is imperative that lower cost components be developed. Based on the results obtained to date, it appears that sterling silver could be an inexpensive, dependable candidate for use as a contacting material in the cathode chamber of the solid-oxide fuel cell. Although data regarding pure silver samples show a lower rate of thickness reduction, the much lower cost of sterling silver makes it an attractive alternative for use in SOFC operation.

James M. Rakowski

2006-09-30T23:59:59.000Z

278

This Guide is designed to provide assistance to the community regarding the direct charging of costs to sponsored projects while maintaining compliance with the Federal cost principles (2 CFR Part 220, OMB  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

charging of costs to sponsored projects while maintaining compliance with the Federal cost principles (2. Typical costs charged directly to a sponsored project include: 1. compensation of employees incurred for the sponsored project. Costs of materials from stock/services rendered by specialized

279

Remote sensing data exploiration for geologic characterization of difficult targets : Laboratory Directed Research and Development project 38703 final report.  

SciTech Connect

Characterizing the geology, geotechnical aspects, and rock properties of deep underground facility sites can enhance targeting strategies for both nuclear and conventional weapons. This report describes the results of a study to investigate the utility of remote spectral sensing for augmenting the geological and geotechnical information provided by traditional methods. The project primarily considered novel exploitation methods for space-based sensors, which allow clandestine collection of data from denied sites. The investigation focused on developing and applying novel data analysis methods to estimate geologic and geotechnical characteristics in the vicinity of deep underground facilities. Two such methods, one for measuring thermal rock properties and one for classifying rock types, were explored in detail. Several other data exploitation techniques, developed under other projects, were also examined for their potential utility in geologic characterization.

Costin, Laurence S.; Walker, Charles A.; Lappin, Allen R.; Hayat, Majeed M. (University of New Mexico, Albuquerque, NM); Ford, Bridget K.; Paskaleva, Biliana (University of New Mexico, Albuquerque, NM); Moya, Mary M.; Mercier, Jeffrey Alan (University of Arizona, Tucson, AZ); Stormont, John C. (University of New Mexico, Albuquerque, NM); Smith, Jody Lynn

2003-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

280

Integration and electrical characterization of carbon nanotube via interconnects  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Carbon nanotubes (CNTs) are considered a promising material for interconnects in the future generations of microchips because of their low electrical resistance and excellent mechanical stability. In particular, CNT-based contacts appear advantageous ... Keywords: CNT, Carbon nanotubes, Contact, Electrical characterization, Integration, Interconnect

Nicolo' Chiodarelli; Yunlong Li; Daire J. Cott; Sofie Mertens; Nick Peys; Marc Heyns; Stefan De Gendt; Guido Groeseneken; Philippe M. Vereecken

2011-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "direct interconnection project" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


281

Towards Modeling Interconnection Networks of Exascale Systems with OMNet++  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

One of the objectives of the decade for High-Performance Computing systems is to reach the exascale level of computing power before 2018, hence this will require strong efforts in their design. In that sense, High-speed low-latency interconnection networks ... Keywords: HPC interconnection networks, Performance evaluation, Simulation tools, OMNeT++

Pedro Yebenes, Jesus Escudero-Sahuquillo, Pedro J. Garcia, Francisco J. Quiles

2013-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

282

An efficient approach to simultaneous transistor and interconnect sizing  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this paper, we study the simultaneous transistor and interconnect sizing (STIS) problem. We define a class of optimization problems as CH-posynomial programs and reveal a general dominance property for all CH-posynomial programs. We show that the ... Keywords: CH-posynomial programs, STIS, circuit CAD, driver/buffer, transistor and interconnect sizing, transistor sizing, wire sizing problem

Jason Cong; Lei He

1997-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

283

Updating Small Generator Interconnection Procedures for New Market Conditions  

SciTech Connect

Federal and state regulators are faced with the challenge of keeping interconnection procedures updated against a backdrop of evolving technology, new codes and standards, and considerably transformed market conditions. This report is intended to educate policymakers and stakeholders on beneficial reforms that will keep interconnection processes efficient and cost-effective while maintaining a safe and reliable power system.

Coddington, M.; Fox, K.; Stanfield, S.; Varnado, L.; Culley, T.; Sheehan, M.

2012-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

284

Control Performance Standards and Procedures for Interconnected Operation  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This report documents joint efforts of the North American Electric Reliability Council (NERC) and EPRI to develop new control area performance standards for operation of the North American Interconnections. These criteria will optimize operational efficiency of the Interconnections without impacting power system security.

1997-06-10T23:59:59.000Z

285

Large-scale integrated photonics for high-performance interconnects  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Moore's Law has set great expectations that the performance of information technology will improve exponentially until at least the end of this decade. Although the physics of silicon transistors alone might allow these expectations to be met, the physics ... Keywords: DWDM, Hardware, Optical interconnects, interconnects

Raymond G. Beausoleil

2011-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

286

The Development of Interconnection Standards in Six States In 2007-2008  

SciTech Connect

This paper discusses the process of developing standards for the interconnection of photovoltaic systems and other generators under ten megawatts to the electric grid. State utility commission rulemakings in 2007-2008 in Florida, New Mexico, North Carolina, Maryland, Illinois and Utah provide the basis for analysis of what is and should be considered in the development of standards, and how the process can be improved. State interconnection standards vary substantially, and many utilities have discretion to establish additional or different requirements, creating literally hundreds of sets of rules. This lack of uniformity imposes a significant cost on project developers and installers to track and comply with applicable rules. As well, burdensome provisions and uncertain costs and timelines present formidable barriers to entry, which advocates have limited resources to challenge. For a better process, the author proposes: establishing federal standards as a baseline, involving solar advocates, and developing a utility cost-recovery mechanism.

Keyes, Jason B.

2008-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

287

10 Year Transmission Plan for the Western Electricity Interconnection  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

10 Year Transmission Plan for the Western Electricity 10 Year Transmission Plan for the Western Electricity Interconnection Released 10 Year Transmission Plan for the Western Electricity Interconnection Released October 3, 2011 - 8:11am Addthis Western Electricity Coordinating Council releases its first-ever transmission plan for the Western Interconnection. The Western Electricity Coordinating Council (WECC) announced the release of its first 10-Year Regional Transmission Plan (Plan) for the Western Interconnection. The Office of Electricity Delivery and Energy Reliability awarded WECC a $14.5 million grant under the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act to expand on its transmission planning activities. Looking ahead to 2020, the Plan focuses on how to meet the Western Interconnection's transmission requirements, including transmission

288

Pepco and PJM Interconnection Comments on District of Columbia Public  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Pepco and PJM Interconnection Comments on District of Columbia Pepco and PJM Interconnection Comments on District of Columbia Public Service Commission, Docket No. EO-05-01 Comments and Answer to Requests for Rehearing Pepco and PJM Interconnection Comments on District of Columbia Public Service Commission, Docket No. EO-05-01 Comments and Answer to Requests for Rehearing Docket No. EO-05-01: In accordance with Order No. 202-06-1, issued by the Department of Energy on February 17, 2006. Potomac Electric Power Company and PJM Interconnection, L.L.C. jointly submit these comments and answer to the requests for rehearing submitted by the City of Alexandria, Virginia and the Director of the Virginia Department of Environmental Quality in the captioned proceeding . Pepco and PJM Interconnection Comments on District of Columbia Public

289

Low Carbon Jobs in an Interconnected World | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Jobs in an Interconnected World Jobs in an Interconnected World Jump to: navigation, search Name Low Carbon Jobs in an Interconnected World Agency/Company /Organization Global Climate Network Partner Institute for Public Policy Research Sector Energy Focus Area Energy Efficiency, Renewable Energy Topics Co-benefits assessment, Background analysis Website http://www.ippr.org.uk/publica Country Australia, Brazil, China, Germany, India, Nigeria, South Africa, United Kingdom, United States Australia and New Zealand, South America, Eastern Asia, Western Europe, Southern Asia, Western Africa, Southern Africa, Northern Europe, Northern America References Low Carbon Jobs in an Interconnected World[1] Low Carbon Jobs in an Interconnected World Author: Global Climate Network Price: Free Publication Date: 30 March 2010

290

Clad metals by roll bonding for SOFC interconnects  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Metallic interconnects have been becoming an increasingly interesting topic in the development in intermediate temperature solid oxide fuel cells (SOFC). High temperature oxidation resistant alloys are currently considered as candidate materials. Among these alloys however, different groups of alloys demonstrate different advantages and disadvantages, and few if any can completely satisfy the stringent requirements for the application. To integrate the advantages and avoid the disadvantages of different groups of alloys, clad metal has been proposed for SOFC interconnect applications and interconnect structures. This paper gives a brief overview of the cladding approach and its applications, and discuss the viability of this technology to fabricate the metallic layered-structure interconnects. To examine the feasibility of this approach, the austenitic Ni-base alloy Haynes 230 and the ferritic stainless steel AL 453 were selected as examples and manufactured into a clad metal. Its suitability as an interconnect construction material was investigated.

Chen, L.; Jha, B; Yang, Z Gary; Xia, Gordon; Stevenson, Jeffry W.; Singh, Prabhakar

2006-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

291

Transmission and Distribution Benefits of Direct Load Control: Seattle City Light and Snohomish Public Utility District Pilot Project Evaluations  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Two residential direct load control programs in the Puget Sound region have reduced peak loads at both the system as well as the local transmission and distribution levels. This report presents program load impact results estimated using metered and disaggregated end-use load data. Included is a detailed description of participants' attitudes toward the programs and their experiences with program implementation.

1994-05-21T23:59:59.000Z

292

Dynamic Simulation Studies of the Frequency Response of the Three U.S. Interconnections with Increased Wind Generation  

SciTech Connect

Utility Systems Efficiencies, Inc. was tasked by Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (LBNL) to conduct dynamic simulation studies of the three U.S. interconnections (Eastern, Western, and Texas). The simulations were prepared in support of LBNL's project for the Federal Energy Regulatory Commission to study frequency-response-related issues that must be addressed to operate the power system reliably with large amounts of variable renewable generation. The objective of the simulation studies of each interconnection was to assess the effects of different amounts of wind generation on frequency behavior of each interconnection following a sudden loss of generation. The scenarios created to study these effects considered an operating circumstance in which system load is at or close to its minimum. The event studied was the sudden loss of the largest amount of generation recorded within each interconnection. The simulations calculated the impact of this event on interconnection frequency for three levels of wind generation. In addition to varying the amount of wind generation, the simulations varied the amount of operating reserves between a high level representative of current operating practices and a low level representative of the minimum required by present operating rules.

Mackin, Peter; Daschmans, R.; Williams, B.; Haney, B.; Hung, R.; Ellis, J.

2010-12-20T23:59:59.000Z

293

Dynamic Simulation Studies of the Frequency Response of the Three U.S. Interconnections with Increased Wind Generation  

SciTech Connect

Utility Systems Efficiencies, Inc. was tasked by Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (LBNL) to conduct dynamic simulation studies of the three U.S. interconnections (Eastern, Western, and Texas). The simulations were prepared in support of LBNL's project for the Federal Energy Regulatory Commission to study frequency-response-related issues that must be addressed to operate the power system reliably with large amounts of variable renewable generation. The objective of the simulation studies of each interconnection was to assess the effects of different amounts of wind generation on frequency behavior of each interconnection following a sudden loss of generation. The scenarios created to study these effects considered an operating circumstance in which system load is at or close to its minimum. The event studied was the sudden loss of the largest amount of generation recorded within each interconnection. The simulations calculated the impact of this event on interconnection frequency for three levels of wind generation. In addition to varying the amount of wind generation, the simulations varied the amount of operating reserves between a high level representative of current operating practices and a low level representative of the minimum required by present operating rules.

Mackin, Peter; Daschmans, R.; Williams, B.; Haney, B.; Hung, R.; Ellis, J.

2010-12-20T23:59:59.000Z

294

DIRECT FUEL CELL/TURBINE POWER PLANT  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Project activities were focused on the design and construction the sub-scale hybrid Direct Fuel Cell/turbine (DFC/T{reg_sign}) power plant and modification of a Capstone Simple Cycle Model 330 microturbine. The power plant design work included preparation of system flow sheet and performing computer simulations based on conservation of mass and energy. The results of the simulation analyses were utilized to prepare data sheets and specifications for balance-of-plant equipment. Process flow diagram (PFD) and piping and instrumentation diagrams (P&ID) were also completed. The steady state simulation results were used to develop design information for modifying the control functions, and for sizing the heat exchangers required for recuperating the waste heat from the power plant. Line and valve sizes for the interconnecting pipes between the microturbine and the heat recuperators were also identified.

Hossein Ghezel-Ayagh

2003-05-22T23:59:59.000Z

295

Bipolar plating of metal contacts onto oxide interconnection for solid oxide electrochemical cell  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Disclosed is a method of forming an adherent metal deposit on a conducting layer of a tube sealed at one end. The tube is immersed with the sealed end down into an aqueous solution containing ions of the metal to be deposited. An ionically conducting aqueous fluid is placed inside the tube and a direct current is passed from a cathode inside the tube to an anode outside the tube. Also disclosed is a multi-layered solid oxide fuel cell tube which consists of an inner porous ceramic support tube, a porous air electrode covering the support tube, a non-porous electrolyte covering a portion of the air electrode, a non-porous conducting interconnection covering the remaining portion of the electrode, and a metal deposit on the interconnection. 1 fig.

Isenberg, A.O.

1987-03-10T23:59:59.000Z

296

PP-82-3 The Joint Owners of the Highgate Interconnection Facilities...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

3 The Joint Owners of the Highgate Interconnection Facilities PP-82-3 The Joint Owners of the Highgate Interconnection Facilities Presidential Permit authorizing The Joint Owners...

297

A Stabilization of Frequency Oscillations in a Parallel AC-DC Interconnected Power System via an HVDC Link  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This paper presents a new application of High Voltage Direct Current (HVDC) link to stabilization of frequency oscillations in a parallel AC-DC interconnected power system. When an interconnected AC power system is subjected to a large load with rapid change, system frequency may be considerably disturbed and becomes oscillatory. By utilizing the system interconnections as the control channels of HVDC link, the tie-line power modulation of HVDC link through interconnections is applicable for stabilizing the frequency oscillations of AC systems. In the design of power modulation controller, the technique of overlapping decompositions and the eigenvalue assignment are applied to establish the state feedback control scheme. To evaluate control effects, a linearized model of a parallel AC-DC interconnected system, including a power modulation controller of HVDC link, is investigated by simulation study. Simulation results show that the proposed controller is not only effective in damping out frequency oscillations, but also capable of alleviating the transient frequency swing caused by a large load disturbance.

Issarachai Ngamroo

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

298

Definitional-mission report: I-shaped power-interconnection study in Thailand. Export trade information  

SciTech Connect

The Government of Thailand is implementing a Southern Seaboard Development Project. The developing of the project will increase demand for all utility and infrastructure systems and services. The distribution of electric power in the new area falls within the responsibility of the Provincial Electricity Authority (PEA). The U.S. Trade and Development Program (TDP) funded a Definitional Mission to evaluate the prospects of TDP funding a feasibility study for an I-Shaped power interconnection study for supplying electricity to the 15 provinces in Southern Thailand. The mission concluded that TDP should provide a grant to PEA to select a U.S. firm to carry out the proposed I-Shaped Interconnection study for power distribution in southern Thailand. The overall potential for exports resulting from the project is conservatively estimated at $120 million, not including any follow-on work and spare parts inventory, typical of such projects. TDP's program in Thailand has enjoyed enviable success in exports and TDP's support of the proposed feasibility study will clearly maintain and very likely add to that momentum.

Shrivastava, V.K.; Sandell, D.H.

1992-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

299

Roseville Direct Service 230 kV Transmission Line Project, Sacramento and Placer Counties, California: Environmental assessment  

SciTech Connect

At present, the only transmission line serving the City of Roseville is operated by Pacific Gas and Electric Company (PG and E), which serves the City's Berry Street substation with a 60-kV circuit from the company's own Atlantic Street substation. Western pays wheeling charges to PG and E for use of their lines to deliver power to its customers which cannot be served directly. PG and E has informed Roseville that additional system facilities are required to meet the City's firm transmission requirements in excess of 69 megawatt peak. They proposed to build a new 230-kV line and transformer bank at a cost of $10.9 million which the City would have to pay, in addition to the wheeling charges Western would be charged to use the PG and E line. The City's preferred alternative is to have Western construct a direct 239-kV service from its Elverta substation to the Berry Street substation. This would save the city money in construction capital cost, result in more transmission capacity and eliminate the present wheeling costs charged to Western. Mitigation recommendations are included.

1986-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

300

Memory test time reduction by interconnecting test items  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The idea is to interconnect test items to reuse memory states left from the previous test item for saving initialization and verification sequences. Meanwhile, signal settling time of the tester between two consecutive test items being applied can also ... Keywords: NP-hard problem, constraints, graph theory, initialization sequences, integer linear programming model, integer programming, integrated circuit testing, integrated memory circuits, interconnection problem, iterations, linear programming, memory test time reduction, rural Chinese postman problem, signal settling time, successive ILP models, test items interconnection, verification sequences

Wen-Jer Wu; Chuan Yi Tang

2000-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "direct interconnection project" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


301

EIS-0486: Plains & Eastern Clean Line Transmission Project | Department of  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

86: Plains & Eastern Clean Line Transmission Project 86: Plains & Eastern Clean Line Transmission Project EIS-0486: Plains & Eastern Clean Line Transmission Project SUMMARY This EIS will evaluate the potential environmental impacts of participating with Clean Line Energy Partners LLC (Clean Line) in the proposed Plains & Eastern Project. The proposed project would include an overhead ± 600 kilovolt (kV) high voltage direct current (HVDC) electric transmission system and associated facilities with the capacity to deliver approximately 3,500 megawatts (MW) primarily from renewable energy generation facilities in the Oklahoma Panhandle region to load-serving entities in the Mid-South and Southeast via an interconnection with the Tennessee Valley Authority (TVA). PUBLIC COMMENT OPPORTUNITIES None available at this time.

302

USLCI Interconnect Region Electricity datasets, 2008 | OpenEI  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

76 76 Varnish cache server Browse Upload data GDR 429 Throttled (bot load) Error 429 Throttled (bot load) Throttled (bot load) Guru Meditation: XID: 2142278976 Varnish cache server USLCI Interconnect Region Electricity datasets, 2008 Dataset Summary Description Datasets are for the US electricity grid system interconnect regions (ASCC, FRCC, HICC, MRO, NPCC, RFC, SERC, SPP, TRE, WECC) for 2008. The data is provided in life cycle inventory (LCI) forms (both xls and xml). A module report and a detailed spreadsheet are also included.Datasets include generation and transmission of electricity for each of the interconnect regions. It is representative of the year 2008 mix of fuels used for utility generations for each of the interconnect regions and is based on the EIA electricity reports for all power plants in the US. Detailed information on the methodology is included in the module report and detailed spreadsheet.

303

Webinar: Understanding the Interconnection and Transmission Service Queues  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Webinar: Understanding the Interconnection and Transmission Service Webinar: Understanding the Interconnection and Transmission Service Queues Webinar: Understanding the Interconnection and Transmission Service Queues March 5, 2012 - 6:10pm Addthis This webinar will take place March 28, 2012, from 11 a.m.-12:30 p.m. MDT. Hosted by the U.S. Department of Energy's (DOE's) Office of Indian Energy Policy and Programs, DOE's Tribal Energy Program, the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA), and the Western Area Power Administration, this Web seminar will answer the following questions: What is the large generator interconnection procedure? How is transmission service requested? What does this mean for Tribes interested in gaining access to the transmission system? This is the fifth in a series of webinars that will run through September 2012.

304

Utility Wind Integration Group Distributed Wind/Solar Interconnection  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Utility Wind Integration Group Distributed Wind/Solar Utility Wind Integration Group Distributed Wind/Solar Interconnection Workshop Utility Wind Integration Group Distributed Wind/Solar Interconnection Workshop May 21, 2013 8:00AM MDT to May 22, 2013 5:00PM MDT Golden, Colorado This two-day workshop will answer your questions about interconnecting wind and solar plants and other distributed generation applications to electric distribution systems while providing insight on integrating large-scale renewable generation into the transmission system. Held at the National Renewable Energy Laboratory's (NREL) state-of-the-art Energy Systems Integration Facility (ESIF) on the first day and at the Western Area Power Administration's Electric Power Training Center (EPTC) on the second day, the workshop will provide an overview of wind and solar interconnection

305

Interconnect scaling into the sub-10nm regime  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Scaling of conventional interconnects faces two major challenges: increased effective copper resistivity at nano-scale linewidth, and degraded copper wire reliability at higher current density. Analysis shows that when the linewidth of Cu wire scales ...

Xiangyu Chen; Jiale Liang; H.-S. Philip Wong

2012-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

306

Microbenchmark Performance Comparison of High-Speed Cluster Interconnects  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

High-speed cluster interconnects Myrinet, Quadrics, and InfiniBand achieve low latency and high bandwidth with low host overhead. However, they show quite different performance behaviors when handling communication buffer reuse patterns.

Jiuxing Liu; Balasubramanian Chandrasekaran; Weikuan Yu; Jiesheng Wu; Darius Buntinas; Sushmitha Kini; Dhabaleswar K. Panda; Pete Wyckoff

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

307

The feasibility of on-chip interconnection using antennas  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The feasibility of integrating antennas and required circuits to form wireless interconnects in foundry digital CMOS technologies has been demonstrated. The key challenges including the effects of metal structures associated with integrated circuits, ...

K. K. O; K. Kim; B. Floyd; J. Mehta; H. Yoon; C.-M. Hung; D. Bravo; T. Dickson; X. Guo; R. Li; N. Trichy; J. Caserta; W. Bomstad; J. Branch; D.-J. Yang; J. Bohorquez; J. Chen; E.-Y. Seok; L. Gao; A. Sugavanam; J.-J. Lin; S. Yu; C. Cao; M.-H. Hwang; Y.-R. Ding; S.-H. Hwang; H. Wu; N. Zhang; J. E. Brewer

2005-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

308

Nanoantenna couplers for metal-insulator-metal waveguide interconnects  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

State-of-the-art copper interconnects suffer from increasing spatial power dissipation due to chip downscaling and RC delays reducing operation bandwidth. Wide bandwidth, minimized Ohmic loss, deep sub-wavelength confinement ...

Onbasli, Mehmet Cengiz

309

Field solver technologies for variation-aware interconnect parasitic extraction  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Advances in integrated circuit manufacturing technologies have enabled high density onchip integration by constantly scaling down the device and interconnect feature size. As a consequence of the ongoing technology scaling ...

El-Moselhy, Tarek Ali

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

310

Microsoft Word - Poster Abstract_2010_PNNL_Steel Interconnect...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

2: Dual Interconnect Coatings for Planar SOFC Stacks Jung Pyung Choi, Jeffry W. Stevenson, K. Scott Weil, Yeong-Shyung Chou, Z. Gary Yang, and Gordon Xia Ferritic stainless steel...

311

8th Annual TMS Lead Free Solder and Interconnect Technology ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

8th Annual TMS Lead Free Solder and Interconnect. Technology Workshop. Sunday, March 11, 2012 9:00 a.m. 4:30 p.m.. Member fee: $15. Nonmember fee:...

312

Energy scalability of on-chip interconnection networks  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

On-chip interconnection networks (OCN) such as point-to-point networks and buses form the communication backbone in multiprocessor systems-on-a-chip, multicore processors, and tiled processors. OCNs consume significant ...

Konstantakopoulos, Theodoros K., 1977-

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

313

Interconnect modeling and optimization in deep sub-micron technologies  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Interconnect will be a major bottleneck for deep sub-micron technologies in the years to come. This dissertation addresses the communication aspect from a power consumption and transmission speed perspective. A model for ...

Sotiriadis, Paul Peter P. (Paul Peter Peter-Paul), 1973-

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

314

Interconnecting PV on New York City's Secondary Network Distribution System  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

This study describes technical assistance provided by NREL to help New York City and Con Edison improve the interconnection of distributed PV systems on a secondary network distribution system.

Anderson, K.; Coddington, M.; Burman, K.; Hayter, S.; Kroposki, B.; Watson, A.

2009-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

315

Evaluation of phase change materials for reconfigurable interconnects  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The possible use of programmable integrated circuit interconnect vias using an indirectly heated phase change material is evaluated. Process development and materials investigations are examined. Devices capable of multiple ...

Khoo, Chee Ying

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

316

Stability of chromite interconnections in dual environments  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

One of the most critical technical concerns in high-temperature SOFCs is the physical, chemical, and electrical stability of the interconnect (typically a doped lanthanum chromite) in the dual (oxidizing and reducing atmosphere) SOFC environment. The reducing or fuel side may experience oxygen partial pressures (P(O{sub 2})) from 10{sup {minus}18} to 10{sup {minus}6} atmospheres, while the oxidizing side may have P(O{sub 2}) from 10{sup {minus}6} to greater than 1 atm. These conditions limit the possible candidate materials to lanthanum or yttrium chromites. In the past decade, much work has centered on development of air-sinterable chromites and understanding their physical properties; little work, however, has focused on the stability of these chromites in dual environments. Chromite powders were synthesized using the glycine-nitrate process. The powders were calcined at 1,000 C for 1 hour and then uniaxially pressed into bars (46mm x 16mm x 3mm) at 55 MPa and isostatically pressed at 138 MPa. Samples were sintered in air. The dependence of the physical properties of sintered lanthanum chromites upon ambient P(O{sub 2}) and temperature (using dilatometry, thermogravimetric analysis, and oxygen permeation measurements) were studied. La{sub 1{minus}x}A{sub x}CrO{sub 3} and Y{sub 1{minus}x}Ca{sub x}CrO{sub 3}, where A is Ca or Sr and x was varied from 0.1 to 0.4 were evaluated in this study. The P(O{sub 2}) was varied using a buffered CO{sub 2}/Ar-4%H{sub 2} gas system, enabling expansion measurements to be made over a partial pressure range from 10{sup {minus}5} to 10{sup {minus}18} atmosphere at 800, 900, and 1,000 C.

Armstrong, T.R.; Stevenson, J.W.; Raney, P.; Pederson, L.R.

1994-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

317

Developing Generic Dynamic Models for the 2030 Eastern Interconnection Grid  

SciTech Connect

The Eastern Interconnection Planning Collaborative (EIPC) has built three major power flow cases for the 2030 Eastern Interconnection (EI) based on various levels of energy/environmental policy conditions, technology advances, and load growth. Using the power flow cases, this report documents the process of developing the generic 2030 dynamic models using typical dynamic parameters. The constructed model was validated indirectly using the synchronized phasor measurements by removing the wind generation temporarily.

Kou, Gefei [ORNL] [ORNL; Hadley, Stanton W [ORNL] [ORNL; Markham, Penn N [ORNL] [ORNL; Liu, Yilu [ORNL] [ORNL

2013-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

318

Federal Energy Regulatory Commission Interconnection Queue Practices Technical Conference December 11, 2007  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

National Electric Transmission Congestion Study National Electric Transmission Congestion Study Workshop December 8, 2011 Hilton St. Louis Airport, 10330 Natural Bridge Road, St. Louis, Missouri 63134 Presented by: Jerry Lein Public Utility Analyst North Dakota Public Service Commission Phone: 701 328-1035 Fax: 701 328-2410 jlein@nd.gov Overview * ND Electric Energy Resources * Need for New Transmission - Interconnection Difficulties - Transmission Constraints * Regional Transmission Projects Update * Capacity Deliverability between RTOs ND Electric Energy Resources * ND Ranked #1 in U.S. for Wind Energy Potential - 1991 Pacific Northwest Labs study found ND Wind could potentially supply 36% of U.S. electric energy consumption. -

319

IEEE Smart Grid Series of Standards IEEE 2030 (Interoperability) and IEEE 1547 (Interconnection) Status: Preprint  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The IEEE American National Standards smart grid publications and standards development projects IEEE 2030, which addresses smart grid interoperability, and IEEE 1547TM, which addresses distributed resources interconnection with the grid, have made substantial progress since 2009. The IEEE 2030TM and 1547 standards series focus on systems-level aspects and cover many of the technical integration issues involved in a mature smart grid. The status and highlights of these two IEEE series of standards, which are sponsored by IEEE Standards Coordinating Committee 21 (SCC21), are provided in this paper.

Basso, T.; DeBlasio, R.

2012-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

320

Oxidation Resistant, Cr Retaining, Electrically Conductive Coatings on Metallic Alloys for SOFC Interconnects  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

This report describes significant results from an on-going, collaborative effort to enable the use of inexpensive metallic alloys as interconnects in planar solid oxide fuel cells (SOFCs) through the use of advanced coating technologies. Arcomac Surface Engineering, LLC, under the leadership of Dr. Vladimir Gorokhovsky, is investigating filtered-arc and filtered-arc plasma-assisted hybrid coating deposition technologies to promote oxidation resistance, eliminate Cr volatility, and stabilize the electrical conductivity of both standard and specialty steel alloys of interest for SOFC metallic interconnect (IC) applications. Arcomac has successfully developed technologies and processes to deposit coatings with excellent adhesion, which have demonstrated a substantial increase in high temperature oxidation resistance, stabilization of low Area Specific Resistance values and significantly decrease Cr volatility. An extensive matrix of deposition processes, coating compositions and architectures was evaluated. Technical performance of coated and uncoated sample coupons during exposures to SOFC interconnect-relevant conditions is discussed, and promising future directions are considered. Cost analyses have been prepared based on assessment of plasma processing parameters, which demonstrate the feasibility of the proposed surface engineering process for SOFC metallic IC applications.

Vladimir Gorokhovsky

2008-03-31T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "direct interconnection project" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


321

Compact Models for Transient Analysis of Single-Layer Graphene Nanoribbon Interconnects  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Carbon based interconnects have shown immense potential as a candidate to replace traditional copper interconnects for on-chip applications. In that, 2D Graphene Nanoribbon (GNR) interconnects offer superior electrical properties owing to larger mean ... Keywords: GNR, time-domain analysis, delay, energy, interconnects, 3 dB frequency, EDP (energy delay product)

Prashant Kumar, Arun Singh, Anshul Garg, Rohit Sharma

2013-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

322

Carbon Nanomaterials: The Ideal Interconnect Technology for Next-Generation ICs  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Editor's note:Carbon nanotubes and graphene nanoribbons are two promising next-generation interconnect technologies. Electrical modeling and performance analysis have demonstrated the superiority of these emerging technologies compared to conventional ... Keywords: design and test, carbon nanomaterials, carbon nanotube (CNT), graphene nanoribbon (GNR), electrical interconnects, optical interconnects, RF or wireless interconnects, on-chip vias, through-silicon vias (TSVs), delay, power

Hong Li; Chuan Xu; Kaustav Banerjee

2010-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

323

Clean Coal Projects (Virginia)  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

This legislation directs the Virginia Air Pollution Control Board to facilitate the construction and implementation of clean coal projects by expediting the permitting process for such projects.

324

Antireflection Coating Design for Series Interconnected Multi-Junction Solar Cells  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

AR coating design for multi-junction solar cells can be more challenging than in the single junction case. Reasons for this are discussed. Analytical expressions used to optimize AR coatings for single junction solar cells are extended for use in monolithic, series interconnected multi-junction solar cell AR coating design. The result is an analytical expression which relates the solar cell performance (through J{sub SC}) directly to the AR coating design through the device reflectance. It is also illustrated how AR coating design can be used to provide an additional degree of freedom for current matching multi-junction devices.

AIKEN,DANIEL J.

1999-11-29T23:59:59.000Z

325

Eastern Interconnection Phase Angle Base Lining Study  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

bhargava@electricpowergroup.com June 27-28, 2013 Washington, DC DOE/OE Transmission Reliability Program Topics  Project objective  Major technical accomplishments that will be completed this year-stage in RD&D cycle  Deliverables and schedule for activities to be completed under FY13 funding  Risk factors affecting timely completion of planned activities as well as movement through RD&D cycle  Early thoughts on follow-on work that should be considered for funding in FY14 Project Objective  Operators monitor power flows at specific interchange points (such as Keystone-Juniata). However, power flows may not be a good measure of wide area system stress  Phasor networks provide the capability to monitor phase angle

326

Microsoft Word - Esquatzel_Project_2011.doc  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

James Hall James Hall Project Manager - TPC-TPP-4 Proposed Action: Esquatzel Project Budget Information: WO# 257267, Task 01 Categorical Exclusion Applied (from Subpart D, 10 C.F.R. Part 1021): B1.7 "Acquisition, installation, operation, and removal of communication systems, data processing equipment, and similar electronic equipment." Location: Franklin County, Washington Proposed by: Bonneville Power Administration (BPA) Description of the Proposed Action: In response to Green Energy Today's small generator interconnection request, BPA is planning to integrate their 1.1-MW Esquatzel Hydro Generation Project into its balancing authority (BA). The proposed point of interconnection is at Pole 66 G 1229 on the Bureau of Reclamation's

327

ARPA-E Project Selections  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Project Selections Project Selections September 23, 2010 These projects have been selected for negotiation of awards; final award amounts may vary. Lead Research Organization (Partner Organizations) Amount Lead Organization Location (City, State) Technology Focus - Application: Project Title Project Description 1) Innovative Cybersecurity Solutions Grid Protection Alliance (University of Illinois, Pacific Northwest National Laboratory, PJM Interconnection, AREVA T&D) $3,215,000 Chattanooga, TN SIEGate: Secure Information Exchange for Electric Grid Operations The Grid Protection Alliance will research, develop, and commercialize a Secure Information Exchange Gateway (SIEGate) that provides secure communication of data between control centers.

328

Electrodeposited Mn-Co Alloy Coating For SOFC Interconnects  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Electrodeposited Electrodeposited Mn-Co Alloy Coating For SOFC Interconnects H. McCrabb * , T. Hall * , J. Wu # , H. Zhang # , X. Liu # , E.J. Taylor * * Faraday Technology Inc., 315 Huls Dr., Clayton, OH 45315, USA # West Virginia University, Dept. of Mechanical and Aerospace Eng.ESB, Morgantown, WV, 26506, USA Overall Objective Overall Objective Principal Investigator: Heather McCrabb, Company Name: Faraday Technology, Inc., Address: 315 Huls Drive, Clayton, OH 45315, Phone: 937-836-7749, E-mail: heathermccrabb@faradaytechnology.com, Company website: faradaytechnology.com Previous Work at WVU Results Develop an inexpensive manufacturing process for depositing (Mn,Co) 3 O 4 spinel coatings onto SOFC interconnects. Introduction The decrease in the SOFC operating temperatures from 1000°C to between 650 and 850°C has enabled the use of chromia-forming ferritic stainless steels as interconnects

329

Renewable Energy Interconnection and Storage - Technical Aspects | Open  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Renewable Energy Interconnection and Storage - Technical Aspects Renewable Energy Interconnection and Storage - Technical Aspects Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: Spain Installed Wind Capacity Website Focus Area: Renewable Energy Topics: Market Analysis Website: www.gwec.net/index.php?id=131 Equivalent URI: cleanenergysolutions.org/content/spain-installed-wind-capacity-website Language: English Policies: Regulations Regulations: Feed-in Tariffs This website presents an overview of total installed wind energy capacity in Spain per year from 2000 to 2010. The page also presents the main market developments from 2010; a policy summary; a discussion of the revision in feed-in tariffs in 2010; and a future market outlook. References Retrieved from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=Renewable_Energy_Interconnection_and_Storage_-_Technical_Aspects&oldid=514543"

330

Net Metering and Interconnection Procedures-- Incorporating Best Practices  

SciTech Connect

State utility commissions and utilities themselves are actively developing and revising their procedures for the interconnection and net metering of distributed generation. However, the procedures most often used by regulators and utilities as models have not been updated in the past three years, in which time most of the distributed solar facilities in the United States have been installed. In that period, the Interstate Renewable Energy Council (IREC) has been a participant in more than thirty state utility commission rulemakings regarding interconnection and net metering of distributed generation. With the knowledge gained from this experience, IREC has updated its model procedures to incorporate current best practices. This paper presents the most significant changes made to IREC???¢????????s model interconnection and net metering procedures.

Jason Keyes, Kevin Fox, Joseph Wiedman, Staff at North Carolina Solar Center

2009-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

331

National Electric Transmission Study 2006 Western Interconnection Analysis  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Western Interconnection Western Interconnection 2006 Congestion Assessment Study Prepared by the Western Congestion Analysis Task Force May 08, 2006 2 Western Interconnection 2006 Congestion Study - DOE Task 3 - 1. 2008 Modeling Study 2. 2015 Modeling Study - 2015 Planned Resource Development (IRPs and RPS) 3. W.I. Historical Path Usage Studies - 1999 thru 2005 - Physical congestion - Commercial congestion 3 WCATF Modeling Studies ABB Gridview Model * Model uses WECC 2005 L&R load forecast, modified with NPCC data for the NW, RMATS load forecasts for the Rocky Mtn area and the latest CEC load forecast for California * Hourly load shapes were developed using FERC 714 * Incremental transmission was added to a WECC 2008 case to represent 2015 network topology * WECC path ratings were used, modified as necessary to more closely

332

National Electric Transmission Congestion Study 2006 Eastern Interconnection Analysis  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Memorandum To: Poonum Agrawal, David Meyer, U.S. Department of Energy CRA No. D08554-00 From: Prashant Murti, Alex Rudkevich, CRA International Date: Finalized March 13, 2006 Subject: GE MAPS INPUT ASSUMPTIONS: EASTERN INTERCONNECT This memorandum summarizes salient inputs to the CRA locational price forecasting model (GE MAPS). The model geographic footprint encompasses the US portion of the Eastern Interconnect and the Canadian province of Ontario. The analyses simulate the years 2008 and 2011. Primary data sources for the CRA GE MAPS model include the NERC MMWG, the General Electric generation and transmission databases for the Eastern Interconnect, various publications by NERC regions and Independent System Operators, FERC submissions by generation and transmission owners,

333

MANHATTAN PROJECT  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

The Department of Energy traces its origins to World War II and the Manhattan Project effort to build the first atomic bomb. As the direct descendent of the Manhattan Engineer District, the...

334

IEEE 1547 Series of Standards: Interconnection Issues; Preprint  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

IEEE 1547TM 2003 Standard for Interconnecting Distributed Resources With Electric Power Systems is the first in the 1547 series of planned interconnection standards. Major issues and a wealth of constructive dialogue arose during 1547 development. There was also a perceived increased vitality in updating complementary IEEE standards and developing additional standards to accommodate modern electrical and electronics systems and improved grid communications and operations. Power engineers and other stakeholders looking to the future are poised to incorporate 1547 into their knowledge base to help transform our nation's aging distribution systems while alleviating some of the burden on existing transmission systems.

Basso, T.; DeBlasio, R.

2003-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

335

Corrosion Performance of Ferritic Steel for SOFC Interconnect Applications  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Ferritic stainless steels have been identified as potential candidates for interconnects in planar-type solid oxide fuel cells (SOFC) operating below 800C. Crofer 22 APU was selected for this study. It was studied under simulated SOFC-interconnect dual environment conditions with humidified air on one side of the sample and humidified hydrogen on the other side at 750C. The surfaces of the oxidized samples were studied by scanning electron microscopy (SEM) equipped with microanalytical capabilities. X-ray diffraction (XRD) analysis was also used in this study.

Ziomek-Moroz, M.; Holcomb, G.R.; Covino, B.S., Jr.; Bullard, S.J.; Jablonski, P.D.; Alman, D.E.

2006-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

336

Effects of composition on sintering of current interconnects in SOFC  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The sintering behavior of alkaline-earth-substituted lanthanum and yttrium chromites, which are candidates for the current interconnect in solid oxide fuel cells (SOFC) was investigated. Extensive commercialization of SOFC technology may involve co-sintering as a method to reduce production costs. Co-sintering will require that the interconnect material reaches high density (closed porosity) under conditions in which the air-electrode material, a manganite, maintains substantial porosity and remains stable. Therefore, ideal chromite compositions are those that attain greater than 94% of theoretical density in high PO{sub 2} atmosphere at temperatures near or below 1400{degree}C.

Chick, L.A.; Bates, J.L.

1992-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

337

Effects of composition on sintering of current interconnects in SOFC  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The sintering behavior of alkaline-earth-substituted lanthanum and yttrium chromites, which are candidates for the current interconnect in solid oxide fuel cells (SOFC) was investigated. Extensive commercialization of SOFC technology may involve co-sintering as a method to reduce production costs. Co-sintering will require that the interconnect material reaches high density (closed porosity) under conditions in which the air-electrode material, a manganite, maintains substantial porosity and remains stable. Therefore, ideal chromite compositions are those that attain greater than 94% of theoretical density in high PO[sub 2] atmosphere at temperatures near or below 1400[degree]C.

Chick, L.A.; Bates, J.L.

1992-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

338

Interconnecting Smart Objects with IP: The Next Internet  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Smart object technology, sometimes called the Internet of Things, is having a profound impact on our day-to-day lives. Interconnecting Smart Objects with IP is the first book that takes a holistic approach to the revolutionary area of IP-based ...

Jean-Philippe Vasseur; Adam Dunkels

2010-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

339

Synapse: a scalable protocol for interconnecting heterogeneous overlay networks  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper presents Synapse, a scalable protocol for information retrieval over the inter-connection of heterogeneous overlay networks. Applications on top of Synapse see those intra-overlay networks as a unique inter-overlay network. Scalability in ... Keywords: information retrieval, overlay networks, peer-to-peer

Luigi Liquori; Cdric Tedeschi; Laurent Vanni; Francesco Bongiovanni; Vincenzo Ciancaglini; Bojan Marinkovi?

2010-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

340

Imprint lithography enabling ultra-low loss coaxial interconnects  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Processing techniques have been demonstrated to fabricate a novel structure with smooth transitions, metallic shielding, and encapsulated air dielectric layers using sacrificial polymers and the three-dimensional patterning capabilities of imprint lithography. ... Keywords: Air dielectrics, Imprint lithography, Interconnects, Sacrificial polymers

Venmathy Rajarathinam; Nathan Fritz; Sue Ann Bidstrup Allen; Paul A. Kohl

2011-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "direct interconnection project" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


341

Design considerations for high-data-rate chip interconnect systems  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Over the past decade, data rates for electrical interconnects in interchip communications systems have experienced a dramatic increase from <1 Gb/s to 10 Gb/s and beyond to keep up with ever increasing demands for more I/O bandwidth from modern high-capacity ...

Troy Beukema

2010-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

342

Designing Scalable PGAS Communication Subsystems on Cray Gemini Interconnect  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The Cray Gemini Interconnect has been recently introduced as a next generation network architecture for building multi-petaflop supercomputers. Cray XE6 systems including LANL Cielo, NERSC Hopper, ORNL Titan and proposed NCSA BlueWaters leverage the Gemini Interconnect as their primary Interconnection network. At the same time, programming models such as the Message Passing Interface (MPI) and Partitioned Global Address Space (PGAS) models such as Unified Parallel C (UPC) and Co-Array Fortran (CAF) have become available on these systems. Global Arrays is a popular PGAS model used in a variety of application domains including hydrodynamics, chemistry and visualization. Global Arrays uses Aggregate Re- mote Memory Copy Interface (ARMCI) as the communication runtime system for Remote Memory Access communication. This paper presents a design, implementation and performance evaluation of scalable and high performance communication subsystems on Cray Gemini Interconnect using ARMCI. The design space is explored and time-space complexities of commu- nication protocols for one-sided communication primitives such as contiguous and uniformly non-contiguous datatypes, atomic memory operations (AMOs) and memory synchronization is presented. An implementation of the proposed design (referred as ARMCI-Gemini) demonstrates the efficacy on communication primitives, application kernels such as LU decomposition and full applications such as Smooth Particle Hydrodynamics (SPH) application.

Vishnu, Abhinav; Daily, Jeffrey A.; Palmer, Bruce J.

2012-12-26T23:59:59.000Z

343

Modeling magnetic coupling for on-chip interconnect  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

As advances in IC technologies and operat-ing frequencies make the modeling of on-chip magnetic interactions a necessity, it is apparent that extension of traditional inductance extraction approaches to full-chip scale problems is impractical. There ... Keywords: inductance, interconnect modeling, magnetic interaction, susceptance

Michael W. Beattie; Lawrence T. Pileggi

2001-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

344

Microsoft PowerPoint - Interconnect Development at PNNL.ppt ...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

l t f SOFC I t t Development of SOFC Interconnects and Coatings J.W. Stevenson, G.G. Xia, J.P. Choi, J.D. Templeton, X. Li, T.K. Oh, and Z. Nie Pacific Northwest National...

345

Interconnect agnostic checkpoint/restart in open MPI  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Long running High Performance Computing (HPC) applications at scale must be able to tolerate inevitable faults if they are to harness current and future HPC systems. Message Passing Interface (MPI) level transparent checkpoint/restart fault tolerance ... Keywords: MPI, checkpoint coordination protocol, checkpoint/restart, fault tolerance, high speed interconnect, infiniband, myrinet, rollback-recovery, shared memory

Joshua Hursey; Timothy I. Mattox; Andrew Lumsdaine

2009-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

346

Computational simulation of electromigration induced damage in copper interconnects  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Current density levels are expected to increase by orders of magnitude in next generation power electronics and nanoelectronics. Electromigration which occur under high current density is the major concern for the nanoelectronics industry. Using a general ... Keywords: copper interconnects, damage mechanics, electromigration, electronics packaging reliability, thin film

Cemal Basaran; Minghui Lin; Shidong Li

2007-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

347

System level performance analysis of carbon nanotube global interconnects for emerging chip multiprocessors  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Although carbon nanotubes (CNTs) have been widely proposed as interconnect fabrics for future ultra deep submicron (UDSM) technologies, there is a lack of system-level performance analysis using these interconnects. In this paper, we investigate the ...

Sudeep Pasricha; Fadi Kurdahi; Nikil Dutt

2008-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

348

Smart buildings with electric vehicle interconnection as buffer for local renewables?  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Smart buildings with electric vehicle interconnection as buffer for local renewables? Michael, trademark, manufacturer, or otherwise, does not necessarily constitute or imply its endorsement and partly by NEC Laboratories America Inc. Smart buildings with electric vehicle interconnection as buffer

349

Preliminary Response of PJM Interconnection, L.L.C. to the Operating...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Response of PJM Interconnection, L.L.C. to the Operating Plan of Mirant Potomac River, LLC Preliminary Response of PJM Interconnection, L.L.C. to the Operating Plan of Mirant...

350

Project Checklists | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Checklists Checklists Project Checklists Below are links to project checklists, model request for proposals, and model power purchase contracts that Tribes can use for energy development projects. Connecting to the Grid: A Guide to Distributed Generation Interconnection Issues Discusses the Interstate Renewable Energy Council's (IREC's) model interconnection standards for generators up to 10 megawatts (MW) and IREC's model net-metering rules for generators up to 2 MW in capacity. Includes information on safety, power quality, and codes, legal and procedural issues, net metering, and electrical inspectors. Source: Interstate Renewable Energy Council. Getting Started: What to Ask the Developer This document provides a list of preliminary questions for Tribes to think about when approached by a developer or technology representative for

351

Fundamental Studies of the Durability of Materials for Interconnects in Solid Oxide Fuel Cells  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Ferritic stainless steels are a leading candidate material for use as an SOFC interconnect, but have the problem of forming volatile chromia species that lead to cathode poisoning. This project has focused both on optimization of ferritic alloys for SOFC applications and evaluating the possibility of using alternative materials. The initial efforts involved studying the oxidation behavior of a variety of chromia-forming ferritic stainless steels in the temperature range 700-900 C in atmospheres relevant to solid oxide fuel cell operation. The alloys exhibited a wide variety of oxidation behavior based on composition. A method for reducing the vaporization is to add alloying elements that lead to the formation of a thermally grown oxide layer over the protective chromia. Several commercial steels form manganese chromate on the surface. This same approach, combined with observations of TiO{sub 2} overlayer formation on the chromia forming, Ni-based superalloy IN 738, has resulted in the development of a series of Fe-22 Cr-X Ti alloys (X=0-4 wt%). Oxidation testing has indicated that this approach results in significant reduction in chromia evaporation. Unfortunately, the Ti also results in accelerated chromia scale growth. Fundamental thermo-mechanical aspects of the durability of solid oxide fuel cell (SOFC) interconnect alloys have also been investigated. A key failure mechanism for interconnects is the spallation of the chromia scale that forms on the alloy, as it is exposed to fuel cell environments. Indentation testing methods to measure the critical energy release rate (Gc) associated with the spallation of chromia scale/alloy systems have been evaluated. This approach has been used to evaluate the thermomechanical stability of chromia films as a function of oxidation exposure. The oxidation of pure nickel in SOFC environments was evaluated using thermogravimetric analysis (TGA) to determine the NiO scaling kinetics and a four-point probe was used to measure the area-specific resistance (ASR) to estimate the electrical degradation of the interconnect. In addition to the baseline study of pure nickel, steps were taken to decrease the ASR through alloying and surface modifications. Finally, high conductivity composite systems, consisting of nickel and silver, were studied. These systems utilize high conductivity silver pathways through nickel while maintaining the mechanical stability that a nickel matrix provides.

Frederick S. Pettit; Gerald H. Meier

2006-06-30T23:59:59.000Z

352

EAC Recommendations for DOE Action Regarding Interconnection-Wide Planning - June 6, 2013  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

EAC Recommendations for DOE Action Regarding Interconnection-Wide Planning, approved at the June 5-6, 2013 EAC Meeting.

353

Evaluating the energy consumption and the silicon area of on-chip interconnect architectures  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Sophisticated on-chip interconnects using packet and circuit switching techniques were recently proposed as a solution to non-scalable shared-bus schemes currently used in Systems-on-Chip (SoCs) implementation. Different interconnect architectures have ... Keywords: Energy consumption and area requirements, Load and traffic models, On-chip interconnects, Simulation and evaluation, System-on-Chip

Mohamed Bakhouya

2009-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

354

Windy Gap Firming Project  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Windy Gap Firming Project Windy Gap Firming Project Skip Navigation Links Transmission Functions Infrastructure projects Interconnection OASIS OATT Windy Gap Firming Project, Final Environmental Impact Statement, DOE/EIS-0370 (cooperating agency) Western's proposed action is to relocate approximately 3.8 miles of the existing Estes to Lyons 115-kilovolt transmission line, if the Chimney Hollow Reservoir alternative is constructed. The line would be moved outside the area proposed for the reservoir, and Western would ensure the new location would allow the agency to continue to operate and maintain it. Section 2.4.1.4 of the Final Environmental Impact Statement, Volume 1 provides more information on the transmission line relocation proposal. The U.S. Department of the Interior, Bureau of Reclamation is the Lead Agency for the National Environmental Policy Act Review. Cooperating agencies are Western, the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers and Grand County, Colo.

355

Investigation of anti-islanding schemes for utility interconnection of distributed fuel cell powered generations  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The rapid emergence of distributed fuel cell powered generations (DFPGs) operating in parallel with utility has brought a number of technical concerns as more DFPGs are connected to utility grid. One of the most challenging problems is known as islanding phenomenon. This situation occurs when a network is disconnected from utility grid and is energized by local DFPGs. It can possibly result in injury to utility personnel arriving to service isolated feeders, equipment damage, and system malfunction. In response to the concern, this dissertation aims to develop a robust anti-islanding algorithm for utility interconnection of DFPGs. In the first part, digital signal processor (DSP) controlled power electronic converters for utility interconnection of DFPGs are developed. Current control in a direct-quadrature (dq) synchronous frame is proposed. The real and reactive power is controlled by regulating inverter currents. The proposed digital current control in a synchronous frame significantly enhances the performance of DFPGs. In the second part, the robust anti-islanding algorithm for utility interconnection of a DFPG is developed. The power control algorithm is proposed based on analysis of a real and reactive power mismatch. It continuously perturbs (±5%) the reactive power supplied by the DFPG while monitoring the voltage and frequency. If islanding were to occur, a measurable frequency deviation would take place, upon which the real power of the DFPG is further reduced to 80%; a drop in voltage positively confirms islanding. This method is shown to be robust and reliable. In the third part, an improved anti-islanding algorithm for utility interconnection of multiple DFPGs is presented. The cross correlation method is proposed and implemented in conjunction with the power control algorithm. It calculates the cross correlation index of a rate of change of the frequency deviation and (±5%) the reactive power. If this index increases above 50%, the chance of islanding is high. The algorithm initiates (±10%) the reactive power and continues to calculate the correlation index. If the index exceeds 80%, islanding is now confirmed. The proposed method is robust and capable of detecting islanding in the presence of several DFPGs independently operating. Analysis, simulation and experimental results are presented and discussed.

Jeraputra, Chuttchaval

2004-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

356

Geothermal Power and Interconnection: The Economics of Getting to Market  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Power and Power and Interconnection: The Economics of Getting to Market David Hurlbut Technical Report NREL/TP-6A20-54192 April 2012 NREL is a national laboratory of the U.S. Department of Energy, Office of Energy Efficiency & Renewable Energy, operated by the Alliance for Sustainable Energy, LLC. National Renewable Energy Laboratory 15013 Denver West Parkway Golden, Colorado 80401 303-275-3000 * www.nrel.gov Contract No. DE-AC36-08GO28308 Geothermal Power and Interconnection: The Economics of Getting to Market David Hurlbut Prepared under Task No. WE11.0815 Technical Report NREL/TP-6A20-54192 April 2012 NOTICE This report was prepared as an account of work sponsored by an agency of the United States government.

357

Impact of High Solar Penetration in the Western Interconnection  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Impact of High Solar Penetration Impact of High Solar Penetration in the Western Interconnection Debra Lew National Renewable Energy Laboratory Nicholas Miller, Kara Clark, Gary Jordan, and Zhi Gao GE Energy Technical Report NREL/TP-5500-49667 December 2010 NREL is a national laboratory of the U.S. Department of Energy, Office of Energy Efficiency & Renewable Energy, operated by the Alliance for Sustainable Energy, LLC. National Renewable Energy Laboratory 1617 Cole Boulevard Golden, Colorado 80401 303-275-3000 * www.nrel.gov Contract No. DE-AC36-08GO28308 Impact of High Solar Penetration in the Western Interconnection Debra Lew National Renewable Energy Laboratory Nicholas Miller, Kara Clark, Gary Jordan, and Zhi Gao GE Energy Prepared under Task No. SM101610

358

EIS-0435: Modification of the Groton Generation Station Interconnection  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

5: Modification of the Groton Generation Station 5: Modification of the Groton Generation Station Interconnection Agreement, Brown County, South Dakota EIS-0435: Modification of the Groton Generation Station Interconnection Agreement, Brown County, South Dakota Summary This EIS evaluates the environmental impacts of a proposal for DOE's Western Area Power Administration to modify its Large Generator Connection Agreement for the Groton Generation Station in Brown County, South Dakota. The modification would allow Basin Electric Power Cooperative, which operates the generation station, to produce power above the current operating limit of 50 average megawatts. Public Comment Opportunities No public comment opportunities available at this time. Documents Available for Download June 3, 2011 EIS-0435: Final Environmental Impact Statement

359

Reliability assessment of autonomous power systems incorporating HVDC interconnection links  

SciTech Connect

The objective of this paper is to present an improved computational method for the overall reliability assessment of autonomous power systems that may or may not contain HVdc interconnection links. This is a hybrid method based on a Monte-Carlo simulation sequential approach which incorporates an analytical approach for the reliability modeling of the HVdc transmission links. The developed models and techniques have been implemented into a computer program that can be used to simulate the operational practices and characteristics of the overall system under study efficiently and realistically. A set of reliability indices are calculated for each load-point of interest and the entire system while a set of additional indices is calculated for quantifying the reliability performance of the interconnection links under the specified operating requirements. The analysis of a practical system is also included for a number of studies representing its various operating and design characteristics.

Dialynas, E.N.; Koskolos, N.C. [National Technical Univ., Athens (Greece). Dept. of Electrical and Computer Engineering; Agoris, D. [Public Power Corp., Athens (Greece)

1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

360

Backside localization of open and shorted IC interconnections  

SciTech Connect

A new failure analysis technique has been developed for backside and frontside localization of open and shorted interconnections on ICs. This scanning optical microscopy technique takes advantage of the interactions between IC defects and localized heating using a focused infrared laser ({lambda} = 1,340 nm). Images are produced by monitoring the voltage changes across a constant current supply used to power the IC as the laser beam is scanned across the sample. The method utilizes the Seebeck Effect to localize open interconnections and Thermally-Induced Voltage Alteration (TIVA) to detects shorts. The interaction physics describing the signal generation process and several examples demonstrating the localization of opens and shorts are described. Operational guidelines and limitations are also discussed.

Cole, E.I. Jr.; Tangyunyong, P.; Barton, D.L.

1998-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "direct interconnection project" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


361

Project information  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Project Information Amistad Project (Texas) Collbran Project (Colorado) Colorado River Storage Project Dolores Project (Colorado) Falcon Project (Texas) Provo River Project (Utah)...

362

CCHP System with Interconnecting Cooling and Heating Network  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The consistency between building heating load, cooling load and power load are analyzed in this paper. The problem of energy waste and low equipment usage in a traditional CCHP (combined cooling, heating and power) system with generated electricity not supplied to the grid is analyzed in detail. Further, the new concept of CCHP system with cooling and heating network interconnecting is developed. Then, the Olympic Park energy system is presented to illustrate the advantage and improvement both in economy performance and energy efficiency.

Fu, L.; Geng, K.; Zheng, Z.; Jiang, Y.

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

363

SOFC Interconnect and Compressive Seal Development at PNNL  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The development of solid oxide fuel cell (SOFC) technology represents an opportunity to achieve significant improvements in energy conversion efficiency and reduction of undesirable emissions. However, many technical challenges still need to be overcome before the utilization of the advantages of SOFC can take place. These challenges include the need for improved interconnects and seals for planar SOFC stacks. In this paper, we briefly summarize recent progress at PNNL in these two research areas.

Chou, Y S.; Yang, Z Gary; Singh, Prabhakar; Stevenson, Jeffry W.; Xia, Gordon

2005-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

364

Series interconnected photovoltaic cells and method for making same  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A novel photovoltaic module and method for constructing the same are disclosed. The module includes a plurality of photovoltaic cells formed on a substrate and laterally separated by interconnection regions. Each cell includes a bottom electrode, a photoactive layer and a top electrode layer. Adjacent cells are connected in electrical series by way of a conductive-buffer line. The buffer line is also useful in protecting the bottom electrode against severing during downstream layer cutting processes. 11 figs.

Albright, S.P.; Chamberlin, R.R.; Thompson, R.A.

1995-01-31T23:59:59.000Z

365

Electrical Contacts between Cathodes and Metallic Interconnects in Solid Oxide Fuel Cells  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

To minimize electrical resistance, contact layers are often included between interconnects and electrodes during construction of a SOFC stack. In this work, simulated cathode/interconnect structures were used to investigate the effects of different contact materials on the contact resistance between a LSF cathode and a Crofer22 APU interconnect.. The results from the resistance measurements are reported and correlated to interfacial interactions occurring between the metallic interconnect and the contact materials, particularly perovskites. The materials requirements for the contact layers between cathodes and metallic interconnects in intermediate temperature SOFCs are also discussed.

Yang, Z Gary; Xia, Gordon; Singh, Prabhakar; Stevenson, Jeffry W.

2006-04-21T23:59:59.000Z

366

Corrosion of Metallic SOFC Interconnects in Coal Syngas  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

With recent reductions in the operating temperature of Solid Oxide Fuel Cells (SOFC), the potential of using metallic interconnect has gone up. There is also an interest in using Coal syngas as the fuel gas and thus there is a need to analyze the behavior and performance of metallic interconnects when exposed to Coal syngas. Three high temperature material alloys, Crofer 22 APU, Ebrite and Haynes 230, having the potential to be used as SOFC interconnects were studied in simulated wet coal syngas. These alloys were exposed to syngas at 800 degrees C and for 100 hours. The exposure to coal syngas led to the formation of oxides and spinels, which evidently led to an increase in electrical resistance. Oxidation in a reducing and carburizing environment leads to unique phase and morphology formations. A comparative analysis was carried out for all the three alloys, wherein the samples were characterized by using SEM, EDS, Raman and X-Ray diffraction to obtain the morphology, thickness, composition and crystal structure of the oxides and spinels

Dastane, R.R. (University of West Virginia); Liu, X. (University of West Virginia); Johnson, C., Mao, Scott (University of Pittsburgh)

2007-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

367

Motion to Intervene and Initial Comments of PJM Interconnection, L.L.C. |  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

and Initial Comments of PJM Interconnection, and Initial Comments of PJM Interconnection, L.L.C. Motion to Intervene and Initial Comments of PJM Interconnection, L.L.C. Motion to Intervene and Initial Comments of PJM Interconnection, L.L.C. On January 5, 2009, ITC Transmission filed with the Department of Energy a request to amend Presidential Permit PP-230-3, which authorizes ITC to own and operate specified electric transmission facilities at the Bunce Creek station that interconnect ITC with Hydro One Networks Inc electric transmission facilities at the Michigan-Ontario border. Motion to Intervene and Initial Comments of PJM Interconnection, L.L.C. More Documents & Publications Application for presidential permit OE Docket No. PP-230-4 International Transmission Company: Response of PJM Interconnection, L.L.C. to Answer of

368

GRR/Section 8-TX-b - ERCOT Interconnection | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

8-TX-b - ERCOT Interconnection 8-TX-b - ERCOT Interconnection < GRR Jump to: navigation, search GRR-logo.png GEOTHERMAL REGULATORY ROADMAP Roadmap Home Roadmap Help List of Sections Section 8-TX-b - ERCOT Interconnection 8-TX-b - ERCOT Interconnection Process.pdf Click to View Fullscreen Regulations & Policies PUCT Substantive Rule 25.198 Triggers None specified Click "Edit With Form" above to add content 8-TX-b - ERCOT Interconnection Process.pdf 8-TX-b - ERCOT Interconnection Process.pdf Error creating thumbnail: Page number not in range. Error creating thumbnail: Page number not in range. Flowchart Narrative This flowchart illustrates the procedures for interconnection with Electricity Reliability Council of Texas (ERCOT) in Texas. According to PUCT Substantive Rule 25.198, the responsibility for

369

The Wind Project Development Process  

Wind Powering America (EERE)

Wind Project Wind Project Development Process Developed for the National Renewable Energy Laboratory by Dale Osborn Distributed Generation Systems, Inc. September 1998 The Wind Project Development Process Site Selection Land Agreements Wind Assessment Environmental Review Economic Modeling Interconnection Studies Financing Permitting Sales Agreements Turbine Procurement Construction Contracting Operations & Maintenance Site Selection Evidence of Significant Wind Preferably Privately Owned Remote Land Proximity to Transmission Lines Reasonable Road Access Few Environmental Concerns Receptive Community Land Agreements Term: Expected Life of the Turbine Assignable Indemnification Rights Compensation: Percentage of Revenues Reclamation Provision Wind Rights, Ingress/Egress Rights, Transmission Rights

370

Project title:  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Project title: Roseville Elverta (RSC-ELV) OPGW Replacement Project Project title: Roseville Elverta (RSC-ELV) OPGW Replacement Project Requested By: David Young Mail Code : N1410 Phone: 916-353-4542 Date Submitted: 5/4/2011 Date Required: 5/7/2011 Description of the Project: Purpose and Need The Western Area Power Administration (Western), Sierra Nevada Region (SNR), is responsible for the operation and maintenance (O&M) of federally owned and operated transmission lines, Switchyards, and facilities throughout California. Western and Reclamation must comply with the National Electric Safety Code, Western States Coordinating Council (WECC), and internal directives for protecting human safety, the physical environment, and maintaining the reliable operation of the transmission system. There is an existing OPGW communications fiber on the transmission towers between Roseville and Elverta

371

NREL Smart Grid Projects  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Although implementing Smart Grid projects at the distribution level provides many advantages and opportunities for advanced operation and control, a number of significant challenges must be overcome to maintain the high level of safety and reliability that the modern grid must provide. For example, while distributed generation (DG) promises to provide opportunities to increase reliability and efficiency and may provide grid support services such as volt/var control, the presence of DG can impact distribution operation and protection schemes. Additionally, the intermittent nature of many DG energy sources such as photovoltaics (PV) can present a number of challenges to voltage regulation, etc. This presentation provides an overview a number of Smart Grid projects being performed by the National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) along with utility, industry, and academic partners. These projects include modeling and analysis of high penetration PV scenarios (with and without energy storage), development and testing of interconnection and microgrid equipment, as well as the development and implementation of advanced instrumentation and data acquisition used to analyze the impacts of intermittent renewable resources. Additionally, standards development associated with DG interconnection and analysis as well as Smart Grid interoperability will be discussed.

Hambrick, J.

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

372

Cut set-based risk and reliability analysis for arbitrarily interconnected networks  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Method for computing all-terminal reliability for arbitrarily interconnected networks such as the United States public switched telephone network. The method includes an efficient search algorithm to generate minimal cut sets for nonhierarchical networks directly from the network connectivity diagram. Efficiency of the search algorithm stems in part from its basis on only link failures. The method also includes a novel quantification scheme that likewise reduces computational effort associated with assessing network reliability based on traditional risk importance measures. Vast reductions in computational effort are realized since combinatorial expansion and subsequent Boolean reduction steps are eliminated through analysis of network segmentations using a technique of assuming node failures to occur on only one side of a break in the network, and repeating the technique for all minimal cut sets generated with the search algorithm. The method functions equally well for planar and non-planar networks.

Wyss, Gregory D. (Albuquerque, NM)

2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

373

DOE/EA-1611: Mitigation Action Plan for the Colorado Highlands Wind Project, Logan County, Colorado (01/19/09)  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

January 19, 2009 January 19, 2009 Mitigation Action Plan Colorado Highlands Wind Project Logan County, Colorado Project Overview. Western Area Power Administration (Western) a power marketing agency of the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) proposes to approve interconnection of the Project with Western's transmission system and the connected action of the Project. Colorado Highlands Wind LLC (CHWP) applied (via predecessor project owner Wind Energy Prototypes) to Western to interconnect a 90-megawatt (MW) wind power facility with Western's existing Sterling-Frenchman Creek 115-kV transmission line. Approval of the Interconnection Agreement would allow the Project to interconnect with Western's proposed Wildhorse Creek Switchyard. In accordance with the DOE NEPA

374

Fast Track Special Project Proposal  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A fast track special project is defined as a one-time Division directed endeavor that creates ... project will not result in future operating expenses. ... Cost Analysis

375

METAL INTERCONNECTS FOR SOLID OXIDE FUEL CELL POWER SYSTEMS  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Interconnect development is identified by the U.S. Department of Energy as a key technical area requiring focused research to meet the performance and cost goals under the Solid State Energy Conversion Alliance initiative. In the Phase I SECA Core Technology Program, Ceramatec investigated a commercial ferritic stainless steel composition for oxidation resistance properties by measuring the weight gain when exposed to air at the fuel cell operating temperature. A pre-treatment process that results in a dense, adherent scale was found to reduce the oxide scale growth rate significantly. A process for coating the surface of the alloy in order to reduce the in-plane resistance and potentially inhibit chromium oxide evaporation was also identified. The combination of treatments provided a very low resistance through the scale. The resistance measured was as low as 10 milliohm-cm{sup 2} at 750 C in air. The oxide scale was found to be stable in humidified air at 750 C. The resistance value was stable over several thermal cycles. A similar treatment and coating for the fuel side of the interconnect also showed an exceptionally low resistance of one milliohm-cm{sup 2} in humidified hydrogen at 750 C, and was stable through multiple thermal cycles. Analysis of the scale after exposure to various atmospheres showed the presence of a stable composition. When exposed to a dual (air and hydrogen) atmosphere however, the scale composition contains a mixture of phases. Based on results to-date, the alloy selection and the treatment processes appear to be well suited for SOFC interconnect application.

S. Elangovan; S. Balagopal; M. Timper; I. Bay; D. Larsen; J. Hartvigsen

2003-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

376

Tailoring Fe-Base Alloys for Intermediate Temperature SOFC Interconnect Application  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

This report summarized the research efforts and major conclusions for our SECA Phase I and II project focused on Cr-free or low Cr Fe-Ni based alloy development for intermediate temperature solid oxide fuel cell (SOFC) interconnect application. Electrical conductivity measurement on bulk (Fe,Ni){sub 3}O{sub 4} coupons indicated that this spinel phase possessed a higher electrical conductivity than Cr{sub 1.5}Mn{sub 1.5}O{sub 4} spinel and Cr{sub 2}O{sub 3}, which was consistent with the low area specific resistance (ASR) of the oxide scale formed on these Fe-Ni based alloys. For Cr-free Fe-Ni binary alloys, although the increase in Ni content in the alloys improved the oxidation resistance, and the Fe-Ni binary alloys exhibited adequate CTE and oxide scale ASR, their oxidation resistance needs to be further improved. Systematic alloy design efforts have led to the identification of one low-Cr (6wt.%) Fe-Ni-Co based alloy which formed a protective, electrically-conductive Cr{sub 2}O{sub 3} inner layer underneath a Cr-free, highly conductive spinel outer layer. This low-Cr, Fe-Ni-Co alloy has demonstrated a good CTE match with other cell components; high oxidation resistance comparable to that of Crofer; low oxide scale ASR with the formation of electrically-insulating phases in the oxide scale; no scale spallation during thermal cycling; adequate compatibility with cathode materials; and comparable mechanical properties with Crofer. The existence of the Cr-free (Fe,Co,Ni){sub 3}O{sub 4} outer layer effectively reduced the Cr evaporation and in transpiration testing resulted in a 6-fold decrease in Cr evaporation as compared to a state-of-the-art ferritic interconnect alloy. In-cell testing using an anode supported cell with a configuration of Alloy/Pt/LSM/YSZ/Ni+YSZ indicates that the formation of the Cr-free spinel layer via thermal oxidation was effective in blocking the Cr migration and thus improving the cell performance stability. Electroplating of the Fe-Ni-Co alloys as precursor to synthesize a protective spinel layer on commercial ferritic steels has been initiated to facilitate the utilization of the Cr-free spinel as a surface seal to block Cr evaporation. It is suggested that low-cost Fe-Ni-Co alloy coating on commercial ferritic steels might be the best approach to completely eliminate the Cr poisoning problem in SOFC stacks, while maintaining the relatively low overall cost of the interconnect component.

J.H. Zhu; M.P. Brady; H.U. Anderson

2007-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

377

SunZia Southwest Transmission Project Comments  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

SunZia Southwest Transmission Project SunZia Southwest Transmission Project Comments Provided to the US Department of Energy Office of Electricity Delivery and Energy Reliability Request for Information Relating to the Permitting of Transmission Lines Submitted as of March 28, 2012 2 1.0 Background. SunZia Southwest Transmission Project (SunZia or the Project) is a joint development effort currently underway in Arizona and New Mexico. The Project definition includes licensing, permitting, financing, constructing and operating up to two 500 kilovolt alternating current (AC) transmission lines and up to five interconnecting substations.

378

Risks and decision making in development of new power plant projects  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Power plant development projects are typically capital intensive and subject to a complex network of interconnected risks that impact development's performance. Failure to develop a power plant to meet performance constraints ...

Kristinsdottir, Asbjorg

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

379

Independent review of estimated load reductions for PJM's small customer load response pilot project  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of Estimated Load Reductions for PJMs Small Customer Loadof Estimated Load Reductions for PJMs Small Customer LoadResponse Pilot Project Prepared for PJM Interconnection, LLC

Heffner, G.; Moezzi, M.; Goldman, C.

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

380

Series interconnected photovoltaic cells and method for making same  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A novel photovoltaic module (10) and method for constructing the same are disclosed. The module (10) includes a plurality of photovoltaic cells (12) formed on a substrate (14) and laterally separated by interconnection regions (15). Each cell (12) includes a bottom electrode (16), a photoactive layer (18) and a top electrode layer (20). Adjacent cells (12) are connected in electrical series by way of a conductive-buffer line (22). The buffer line (22) is also useful in protecting the bottom electrode (16) against severing during downstream layer cutting processes.

Albright, Scot P. (El Paso, TX); Chamberlin, Rhodes R. (El Paso, TX); Thompson, Roger A. (Littleton, CO)

1995-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "direct interconnection project" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


381

Western Interconnection Energy Imbalance Market Status and Prospects (Presentation)  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This presentation describes how a new wholesale electricity market for energy imbalance ancillary services could be implemented and operated. Some conclusions of this presentation are: (1) Method for calculating additional reserve requirements due to wind and solar production; (2) EIM results in substantial reduction in reserves requirements and ramping demand; (3) Reduced participation reduces benefits for all but reduces the benefits to non-participants the most; (4) Full participation leads to maximum benefit across the Western Interconnection, up to 42% of total reserve requirement; and (5) Regional EIM implementations have smaller but substantial benefits.

Milligan, M.; Kirby, B.; King, J.; Beuning, S.

2011-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

382

Production process for advanced space satellite system cables/interconnects.  

SciTech Connect

This production process was generated for the satellite system program cables/interconnects group, which in essences had no well defined production process. The driver for the development of a formalized process was based on the set backs, problem areas, challenges, and need improvements faced from within the program at Sandia National Laboratories. In addition, the formal production process was developed from the Master's program of Engineering Management for New Mexico Institute of Mining and Technology in Socorro New Mexico and submitted as a thesis to meet the institute's graduating requirements.

Mendoza, Luis A.

2007-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

383

GRR/Section 8-TX-c - Distributed Generation Interconnection | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

GRR/Section 8-TX-c - Distributed Generation Interconnection GRR/Section 8-TX-c - Distributed Generation Interconnection < GRR Jump to: navigation, search GRR-logo.png GEOTHERMAL REGULATORY ROADMAP Roadmap Home Roadmap Help List of Sections Section 8-TX-c - Distributed Generation Interconnection 8-TX-c - Distributed Generation Interconnection.pdf Click to View Fullscreen Contact Agencies Public Utility Commission of Texas Regulations & Policies PUCT Substantive Rule 25.211 PUCT Substantive Rule 25.212 Triggers None specified Click "Edit With Form" above to add content 8-TX-c - Distributed Generation Interconnection.pdf 8-TX-c - Distributed Generation Interconnection.pdf Error creating thumbnail: Page number not in range. Error creating thumbnail: Page number not in range. Flowchart Narrative This flowchart illustrates the process for distributed generation (DG)

384

EIS-0441: Mohave County Wind Farm Project, Mohave County, Arizona  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

This EIS, prepared by the Bureau of Land Management with DOEs Western Area Power Administration as a cooperating agency, evaluated the environmental impacts of a proposed wind energy project on public lands in Mohave County, Arizona. Power generated by this project would tie to the electrical power grid through an interconnection to one of Westerns transmission lines.

385

Design and implementation of a direct access file system (DAFS) kernel server for FreeBSD  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The Direct Access File System (DAFS) is an emerging commercial standard for network-attached storage on server cluster interconnects. The DAFS architecture and protocol leverage network interface controller (NIC) support for user-level networking, remote ...

Kostas Magoutis

2002-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

386

Electrical isolation of component cells in monolithically interconnected modules  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A monolithically interconnected photovoltaic module having cells which are electrically connected which comprises a substrate, a plurality of cells formed over the substrate, each cell including a primary absorber layer having a light receiving surface and a p-region, formed with a p-type dopant, and an n-region formed with an n-type dopant adjacent the p-region to form a single pn-junction, and a cell isolation diode layer having a p-region, formed with a p-type dopant, and an n-region formed with an n-type dopant adjacent the p-region to form a single pn-junction, the diode layer intervening the substrate and the absorber layer wherein the absorber and diode interfacial regions of a same conductivity type orientation, the diode layer having a reverse-breakdown voltage sufficient to prevent inter-cell shunting, and each cell electrically isolated from adjacent cells with a vertical trench trough the pn-junction of the diode layer, interconnects disposed in the trenches contacting the absorber regions of adjacent cells which are doped an opposite conductivity type, and electrical contacts.

Wanlass, Mark W. (Golden, CO)

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

387

The U.S. Office of Management and Budget (OMB) Circular A-21 requires that certain expenses be treated as indirect costs and paid for through the indirect cost (F&A) mechanism. To qualify as a direct charge on a sponsored project, costs normally considere  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

charge on a sponsored project, costs normally considered F&A must be charged in a timely manner and must that discuss which costs can be charged directly to federally funded projects and which expenses may qualify be treated as indirect costs and paid for through the indirect cost (F&A) mechanism. To qualify as a direct

Scott, Robert A.

388

WECC releases its first-ever transmission plan for the Western Interconnection  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

The Western Electricity Coordinating Council (WECC) announced the release of its first 10-Year Regional Transmission Plan (Plan) for the Western Interconnection.

389

Generation Interconnection Policies and Wind Power: A Discussion of Issues, Problems, and Potential Solutions  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

This report describes the adoption and implementation of FERC Order 2003 and the reasons for the sharp rise in generation interconnection filings in recent years.

Porter, K.; Fink, S.; Mudd, C.; DeCesaro, J.

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

390

Optimal Planning and Operation of Smart Grids with Electric Vehicle Interconnection  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Modeling of Plug-in Electric Vehicle Interactions with aV. (2010). Plug-in Electric Vehicle Interactions with aof Smart Grids with Electric Vehicle Interconnection M.

Stadler, Michael

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

391

Wind energy and power system interconnection, control, and operation for high penetration of wind power .  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??High penetration of wind energy requires innovations in different areas of power engineering. Methods for improving wind energy and power system interconnection, control, and operation (more)

Liang, Jiaqi

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

392

Sustainable Energy Solutions Task 1.0: Networked Monitoring and Control of Small Interconnected Wind Energy Systems  

SciTech Connect

EXECUTIVE SUMARRY This report presents accomplishments, results, and future work for one task of five in the Wichita State University Sustainable Energy Solutions Project: To develop a scale model laboratory distribution system for research into questions that arise from networked control and monitoring of low-wind energy systems connected to the AC distribution system. The lab models developed under this task are located in the Electric Power Quality Lab in the Engineering Research Building on the Wichita State University campus. The lab system consists of four parts: 1. A doubly-fed induction generator 2. A wind turbine emulator 3. A solar photovoltaic emulator, with battery energy storage 4. Distribution transformers, lines, and other components, and wireless and wired communications and control These lab elements will be interconnected and will function together to form a complete testbed for distributed resource monitoring and control strategies and smart grid applications testing. Development of the lab system will continue beyond this project.

Janet.twomey@wichita.edu

2010-04-30T23:59:59.000Z

393

Sundance Energy Project Final Environmental Impact Statement  

SciTech Connect

Sundance Energy LLC (Sundance) has applied to the Western Area Power Administration (Western) to interconnect a planned generator facility to Western's transmission system in the vicinity of Coolidge, Arizona. Western's proposed action is to enter into an interconnection and construction agreement with Sundance for the requested interconnection. The proposed interconnection would integrate the power generated by the Sundance Energy Project (Project) into the regional transmission grid and would allow Sundance to supply its power to the competitive electric wholesale market. The proposed Project would be built on private lands southwest of Coolidge. The proposed Project would be a ''peaking power plant project'' which means it would provide energy when it is needed during peak demand periods in the region. The proposed Project would also be a ''merchant plant'' which means it is not owned by a utility and there is currently no long-term commitment or obligation by any utility to purchase the energy generated by the power plant. Western, as a major transmission system owner, must generally provide access to its transmission system when requested by an eligible organization per existing policies, regulations and laws. The proposed Project would consist of the construction and operation of a generating facility; construction of a 14-mile pipeline to supply natural gas to the proposed Facility; a new 230-kV bay at an existing substation; a new double-circuit 230-kV transmission line; a new single-circuit 230-kV transmission line; an upgrade of a 115-kV line to 230-kV specifications; and an upgrade of an existing substation. Three alternatives would consist of different locations of the 230-kV transmission lines and would not involve upgrading the 115-kV line or the existing substation. The environmentally preferred alternative is Alternative 3, the power line routing that is furthest west.

N /A

2001-06-29T23:59:59.000Z

394

Dual-environment effects on the oxidation of metallic interconnects  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Metallic interconnects in solid oxide fuel cells are exposed to a dual environment: fuel on one side (i.e., H2 gas) and oxidizer on the other side (i.e., air). It has been observed that the oxidation behavior of thin stainless steel sheet in air is changed by the presence of H2 on the other side of the sheet. The resulting dual-environment scales are flaky and more friable than the single-environment scales. The H2 disrupts the scale on the air side. A model to explain some of the effects of a dual environment is presented where hydrogen diffusing through the stainless steel sheet reacts with oxygen diffusing through the scale to form water vapor, which has sufficient vapor pressure to mechanically disrupt the scale. Experiments on preoxidized 316L stainless steel tubing exposed to air-air, H2-air, and H2-Ar environments are reported in support of the model.

Holcomb, G.R.; Ziomek-Moroz, M.; Covino, B.S., Jr.; Bullard, S.J.

2006-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

395

The Data Vortex, an All Optical Path Multicomputer Interconnection Network  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

All optical path interconnection networks employing dense wavelength division multiplexing can provide vast improvements in supercomputer performance. However, the lack of efficient optical buffering requires investigation of new topologies and routing techniques. This paper introduces and evaluates the Data Vortex optical switching architecture which uses cylindrical routing paths as a packet buffering alternative. In addition, the impact of the number of angles on the overall network performance is studied through simulation. Using optimal topology configurations, the Data Vortex is compared to two existing switching architecturesbutterfly and omega networks. The three networks are compared in terms of throughput, accepted traffic ratio, and average packet latency. The Data Vortex is shown to exhibit comparable latency and a higher acceptance rate (2x at 50 percent load) than the butterfly and omega topologies.

Cory Hawkins; Benjamin A. Small; D. Scott Wills; Keren Bergman

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

396

Catalytic bipolar interconnection plate for use in a fuel cell  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A bipolar interconnection plate for use between adjacent fuel cell units in a stacked fuel cell assembly. Each plate is manufactured from an intermetallic composition, examples of which include NiAl or Ni.sub.3 Al which can catalyze steam reforming of hydrocarbons. Distributed within the intermetallic structure of the plate is a ceramic filler composition. The plate includes a first side with gas flow channels therein and a second side with fuel flow channels therein. A protective coating is applied to the first side, with exemplary coatings including strontium-doped or calcium-doped lanthanum chromite. To produce the plate, Ni and Al powders are combined with the filler composition, compressed at a pressure of about 10,000-30,000 psi, and heated to about 600.degree.-1000.degree. C. The coating is then applied to the first side of the completed plate using liquid injection plasma deposition or other deposition techniques.

Lessing, Paul A. (Idaho Falls, ID)

1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

397

Catalytic bipolar interconnection plate for use in a fuel cell  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A bipolar interconnection plate is described for use between adjacent fuel cell units in a stacked fuel cell assembly. Each plate is manufactured from an intermetallic composition, examples of which include NiAl or Ni{sub 3}Al which can catalyze steam reforming of hydrocarbons. Distributed within the intermetallic structure of the plate is a ceramic filler composition. The plate includes a first side with gas flow channels therein and a second side with fuel flow channels therein. A protective coating is applied to the first side, with exemplary coatings including strontium-doped or calcium-doped lanthanum chromite. To produce the plate, Ni and Al powders are combined with the filler composition, compressed at a pressure of about 10,000--30,000 psi, and heated to about 600--1000 C. The coating is then applied to the first side of the completed plate using liquid injection plasma deposition or other deposition techniques. 6 figs.

Lessing, P.A.

1996-03-05T23:59:59.000Z

398

ATP Project Brief - 00-00-7647  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Project Brief. Technical Innovations Enabling a New Direct Drive Wind Turbine Generator. Develop high temperature superconducting ...

399

Integration of Distributed Resources in Electric Utility Systems: Current Interconnection Practice and Unified Approach  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Accelerating commercialization of distributed resources (DR) has created the need for improved practices for interconnecting them with electric utility distribution systems. An assessment of current practice is provided, and a unified approach is recommended to achieve greater consistency. This report is a tool that readers can use to simplify their efforts in resolving DR interconnection problems.

1999-03-11T23:59:59.000Z

400

A comprehensive performance macro-modeling of on-chip RC interconnects considering line shielding effects  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The delay of on-chip interconnect wiring is having an important influence on the timing performance of logic path. This is particularly true where drivers are connected through a non-negligible length of wire. If the Elmore resistance-capacitance delay ... Keywords: deep submicron, interconnect, modelling

S. Engels; R. Wilson; N. Azmard; Philippe Maurine

2006-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "direct interconnection project" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


401

Abstract--As symmetric multiprocessors become commonplace, the interconnection networks and the  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

and the communication system software in clusters of multiprocessors become critical to achieving high performance. Recently, Sun Microsystems has introduced a new system area network, Sun Fire Link interconnect, for its Sun Fire cluster systems. Sun Fire Link is a memory-based interconnect, where Sun MPI uses the Remote

Afsahi, Ahmad

402

Evaluating the effects of temperature gradients and currents nonuniformity in on-chip interconnects  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The paper provides a compact but accurate electro-thermal model of a long wiring on-chip interconnect embedded in the complex layout of a ULSI digital circuit. The proposed technique takes into account both the effect of temperature gradients over the ... Keywords: Current nonuniformity, Electro-thermal model, On-chip interconnect, Propagation delay

N. Spennagallo; L. Codecasa; D. D'Amore; P. Maffezzoni

2009-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

403

Project Title  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

and Geotechnical Site and Geotechnical Site Investigations for the Design of a CO 2 Rich Flue Gas Direct Injection Facility Project Number DOE Grant FE0001833 Paul Metz Department of Mining & Geological Engineering University of Alaska Fairbanks U.S. Department of Energy National Energy Technology Laboratory Carbon Storage R&D Project Review Meeting Developing the Technologies and Building the Infrastructure for CO 2 Storage August 21-23, 2012 2 Presentation Outline * Presentation Outline * Benefit to the Program * Project Overview: Goals and Objectives * Technical Status * Accomplishments to Date * Summary * Appendix: Not Included in Presentation 3 Benefit to the Program * Carbon Storage Program Major Goals: - Develop technologies that will support industries' ability to

404

Research projects  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Yuan » Research projects Yuan » Research projects Research projects Research Interests Scientific computing, domain decomposition methods Linear solvers for sparse matrices Computational plasma physics Grid generation techniques GPU computing Current Research PDSLin: A hybrid linear solver for large-scale highly-indefinite linear systems The Parallel Domain decomposition Schur complement based Linear solver (PDSLin), which implements a hybrid (direct and iterative) linear solver based on a non-overlapping domain decomposition technique called chur complement method, and it has two levels of parallelism: a) to solve independent subdomains in parallel and b) to apply multiple processors per subdomain. In such a framework, load imbalance and excessive communication lead to the performance bottlenecks, and several techniques are developed

405

Magnetically applied pressure-shear : a new technique for direct strength measurement at high pressure (final report for LDRD project 117856).  

SciTech Connect

A new experimental technique to measure material shear strength at high pressures has been developed for use on magneto-hydrodynamic (MHD) drive pulsed power platforms. By applying an external static magnetic field to the sample region, the MHD drive directly induces a shear stress wave in addition to the usual longitudinal stress wave. Strength is probed by passing this shear wave through a sample material where the transmissible shear stress is limited to the sample strength. The magnitude of the transmitted shear wave is measured via a transverse VISAR system from which the sample strength is determined.

Lamppa, Derek C.; Haill, Thomas A.; Alexander, C. Scott; Asay, James Russell

2010-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

406

EIS-0427: Grapevine Canyon Wind Project, Coconino County, Arizona |  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

27: Grapevine Canyon Wind Project, Coconino County, Arizona 27: Grapevine Canyon Wind Project, Coconino County, Arizona EIS-0427: Grapevine Canyon Wind Project, Coconino County, Arizona Summary This EIS evaluates the environmental impacts of a proposed wind energy generation project in Coconino County, Arizona, on privately owned ranch lands and trust lands administered by the Arizona State Land Department. The proposed project includes a new transmission tie-line that would cross lands administered by Coconino National Forest and interconnect with DOE's Western Area Power Administration's existing Glen Canyon-Pinnacle Peak transmission lines. Public Comment Opportunities No public comment opportunities available at this time. Documents Available for Download September 11, 2012 EIS-0427: Record of Decision Interconnection of the Grapevine Canyon Wind Project, Coconino County,

407

Wind Project Development | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Project Development Project Development Jump to: navigation, search This page provides links to information resources regarding project development steps. Photo from Iberdrola Renewables Inc., NREL 16702 To finance and construct a wind energy project, five areas must be addressed: Detailed wind resource data for the site being developed The right to access and use the land on which the project will be constructed Permission to construct and operate the project from local permitting authorities Rights to interconnect to the transmission or distribution system and to transport (wheel) that energy to its purchaser A power purchase agreement between the project owner (seller) and the power purchaser (buyer). If any of these items are not contractually supported with the proper documentation, the project is unlikely to obtain financing.[1]

408

Effect of SOFC Interconnect-Coating Interactions on Coating Properties and Performance  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The high operating temperature of solid oxide fuel cells (SOFCs) provides good fuel flexibility which expands potential applications, but also creates materials challenges. One such challenge is the interconnect material, which was the focus of this project. In particular, the objective of the project was to understand the interaction between the interconnect alloy and ceramic coatings which are needed to minimize chromium volatilization and the associated chromium poisoning of the SOFC cathode. This project focused on coatings based on manganese cobalt oxide spinel phases (Mn,Co)3O4, which have been shown to be effective as coatings for ferritic stainless steel alloys. Analysis of diffusion couples was used to develop a model to describe the interaction between (Mn,Co)3O4 and Cr2O3 in which a two-layer reaction zone is formed. Both layers form the spinel structure, but the concentration gradients at the interface appear like a two-phase boundary suggesting that a miscibility gap is present in the spinel solid solution. A high-chromium spinel layer forms in contact with Cr2O3 and grows by diffusion of manganese and cobalt from the coating material to the Cr2O3. The effect of coating composition, including the addition of dopants, was evaluated and indicated that the reaction rate could be decreased with additions of iron, titanium, nickel and copper. Diffusion couples using stainless steel alloys (which form a chromia scale) had some similarities and some differences as compared to those with Cr2O3. The most notable difference was that the high-chromium spinel layer did not form in the diffusion couples with stainless steel alloys. This difference can be explained using the reaction model developed in this project. In particular, the chromia scale grows at the expense of the alloy, the high-chromia layer grows at the expense of chromia scale and the high-chromia layer is consumed by diffusion of chromium into the coating material. If the last process (dissolution of high-chromium spinel phase) is faster than the second process (formation of high-chromium spinel phase), the high-chromium layer may be consumed. The other important result of this mechanism is that it could result in a constant scale thickness if the scale forms at the same rate as it is consumed. This helps to explain the unexpected observation that the area specific resistance (ASR) of a SOFC with a (Mn,Co)3O4-coated ferritic stainless steel cathode becomes constant after long exposures. The project also evaluated the possibility of reducing the chromium content in a stainless steel alloy using experimental alloys. The conclusion of this evaluation is that at least 17-18% chromium is needed for good oxidation resistance is needed even if the alloy is coated with a spinel coating. Additional details on these findings are provided in a later section of this report and in the publications listed below.

Jeffrey W. Fergus

2012-09-05T23:59:59.000Z

409

Light-trapped interconnected, Silicon-Film{trademark} modules. Annual technical status report, 18 November 1995--18 November 1996  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

AstroPower is developing a module-manufacturing technology based on a film-silicon technology. AstroPower, as a Technology Partner in the Thin-Film PV Partnership, is employing its Silicon-Film{trademark} technology to develop an advanced thin-silicon-based product. This module will combine the design and process features of the most advanced thin-silicon solar cells with light-trapping. These cells will be integrated into a low-cost interconnected array. During the second year of the 3-year project, AstroPower`s emphasis was on developing key submodule fabrication processes. Key results of the work include developing a new thin-film growth concept process based on attaching the low-cost substrate to the thin silicon layer after film growth; developing a new technique to achieve light-trapping in thin layers of silicon based on pigmented high-temperature glass materials; and developing key submodule fabrication processes, including contact grid design, subelement isolation, and screen-printed interconnection.

Hall, R.B.; Rand, J.A.; Cotter, J.E.; Ford, D.H. [AstroPower, Inc., Newark, DE (United States)

1997-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

410

Geothermal Technologies Program: Direct Use  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

This general publication describes geothermal direct use systems, and how they have been effectively used throughout the country. It also describes the DOE program R&D efforts in this area, and summarizes several projects using direct use technology.

Not Available

2004-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

411

Record of Decision for the Electrical Interconnection of the COB Energy Facility (DOE/EIS-0343)  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The COB Energy Facility would be constructed on a site near the rural community of Bonanza, in Klamath County, Oregon. Generating components of the project would be constructed in either one or two phases, including four air-cooled combustion turbine generators fueled with natural gas, four heat recovery steam generators, and two steam turbines. Additional facilities include a new 7.2-mile-long 500-kV transmission line, a new 4.1-mile-long natural gas pipeline, a 2.8-mile-long water pipeline, a 20-acre wastewater evaporation pond or a 3,770-foot-long irrigation pipeline to deliver wastewater to a 31-acre pasture, a 4.7-acre stormwater infiltration basin, a 1.5-acre stormwater retention pond, and various tanks, buildings, exhaust stacks, parking, and storage areas. Natural gas to fuel the combustion turbines would be supplied by way of a new 4.1-mile-long, 20-inch-diameter pipeline from a Gas Transmission Northwest's Bonanza Compressor Station. The new pipeline would be constructed within private easements adjacent to or near Klamath County road rights-of-way. Although COB Energy Facility generators would use air-cooled condensers, the project would use an average of 72 gallons per minute for steam production and station service, up to a maximum of 210 gallons per minute. The source of this water would be one existing and two new wells near the project site, drawing from a deep aquifer consistent with a State of Oregon water right permit expected to be incorporated into the State energy facility site certificate. Process wastewater would either be used to irrigate pasture or held in a lined pond to evaporate. Sanitary water would be routed to an onsite septic tank then discharged to a leach field. No wastewater would be discharged to surface waters. The COB Energy Facility would interconnect to the FCRTS at Captain Jack Substation, 7.2 miles south of the project site. PERC would construct a new 500-kV transmission line from the project site to Captain Jack Substation. Part of the transmission line would cross public land managed by the Bureau of Land Management. BPA would install additional electrical equipment at Captain Jack Substation. At this time, PERC has not requested specific points of delivery.

N /A

2004-08-20T23:59:59.000Z

412

Analysis of electric vehicle interconnection with commercial building microgrids  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

with commercial building microgrids Michael Stadler, Gonalocommercial building microgrids *) Michael Stadler GonaloSVOW), http://der.lbl.gov/microgrids-lbnl/current-project-

Stadler, Michael

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

413

Modeling of the performance of carbon nanotube bundle, cu/low-k and optical on-chip global interconnects  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this work, we have quantified and compared the performance of carbon nanotube (CNT) and optical interconnects with the existing technology of Cu/low-K interconnects for future high-performance ICs. We present these comparisons not only in terms of ... Keywords: Cu, Global interconnects, bandwidth density, carbon nanotube, latency, optics, power

Hoyeol Cho; Kyung-Hoae Koo; Pawan Kapur; Krishna C. Saraswat

2007-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

414

Record of Decision - Klondike III/ Biglow Canyon Wind Integration Project - 10-25-06  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Klondike III/Biglow Canyon Wind Integration Project Klondike III/Biglow Canyon Wind Integration Project DECISION The Bonneville Power Administration (BPA) has decided to implement the Proposed Action identified in the Klondike III/Biglow Canyon Wind Integration Project Final Environmental Impact Statement (FEIS) (DOE/EIS-0374, September 2006). Under the Proposed Action, BPA will offer PPM Energy, Inc. (PPM) contract terms for interconnection of the proposed Klondike III Wind Project, located in Sherman County, Oregon, with the Federal Columbia River Transmission System (FCRTS). BPA will also offer Portland General Electric (PGE) 1 contract terms for interconnection of its proposed Biglow Canyon Wind Farm, also located in Sherman County, Oregon, with the FCRTS, as proposed in the FEIS. To interconnect these wind projects,

415

DOE Directives | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

DOE Directives DOE Directives DOE Directives Directives are the Department of Energy's primary means to communicate and institutionalize directives and policies and to establish requirements, responsibilities, and procedures for Departmental elements and contractors. DOE O 413.3A - Program and Project Management for the Acquisition of Capital Assets DOE G 413.3-1 - Managing Design and Construction Using Systems Engineering for Use with DOE O 413.3A DOE G 413.3-2 - Quality Assurance Guide for Project Management DOE G 413.3-3 - Safeguards and Security for Program and Project Management DOE G 413.3-8 - Environmental Management (EM) Cleanup Projects DOE G 413.3-9 - U.S. Department of Energy Project Review Guide for Capital Asset Projects DOE G 413.3-10 - Earned Value Management System (EVMS)

416

Identifying Project Potential and Options Webinar | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Identifying Project Potential and Options Webinar Identifying Project Potential and Options Webinar Identifying Project Potential and Options Webinar April 30, 2014 11:00AM MDT Attendees will understand the components of identifying energy project potential and options. Presenters will discuss market considerations, initial site considerations, project savings or rate-of-return estimates, production potential, final site selection, tribal options, finance, partnerships, and participation processes. Attendees will also become familiar with data gathering and analysis procedures such as tribal facility electric cost data, regulations, and interconnection requirements; paths to market for project power; and renewable sales, risks; and utility rules. By following the steps outlined in the webinar, Tribes can determine

417

Study of metallic materials for solid oxide fuel cell interconnect applications.  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Metallic interconnect acts as a gas separator and a gas distributor and therefore, it needs to function adequately in two widely different environments. The interconnect material will be exposed to air on one side and natural gas or coal-derived synthesis gas on the other side. The viable material for the interconnect application must be resistant not only to oxidation but also carburization in hydrocarbon containing low-oxygen environments. In addition, the scales that develop on the exposed surfaces must possess adequate electrical conductivity for them to function as current leads over long service life of the fuel cell. This report addresses five topics of interest for the development of metallic interconnects with adequate performance in fuel cells for long service life. The research conducted over the years and the conclusions reached were used to identify additional areas of research on materials for improved performance of components, especially metallic interconnects, in the complex fuel cell environments. This report details research conducted in the following areas: measurement of area specific electrical resistivity, corrosion performance in dual gas environments by experiments using alloy 446, long term corrosion performance of ferritic and austenitic alloys in hydrogen and methane-reformed synthesis fuel-gas environments, approaches to reduce the area resistance of metallic interconnect, and reduction of electrical resistivity of alumina scales on metallic interconnect. Based on the key requirements for metallic interconnects and the data developed on the corrosion behavior of candidate materials in meeting those requirements, several areas are recommended for further research to develop metallic interconnects with acceptable and reliable long-term performance in solid oxide fuel cells.

Natesan, K.; Zeng, Z.; Nuclear Engineering Division

2009-04-24T23:59:59.000Z

418

Dual Environment Effects on the Oxidation of Metallic Interconnects  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Metallic interconnects in solid oxide fuel cells are exposed to a dual environment: fuel on one side (i.e. H2 gas) and oxidizer on the other side (i.e. air). It has been observed that the oxidation behavior of thin stainless steel sheet in air is changed by the presence of H2 on the other side of the sheet. The resulting dual environment scales are flaky and more friable than the single environment scales. The H2 disrupts the scale on the air-side. A model to explain some of the effects of a dual environment is presented where hydrogen diffusing through the stainless steel sheet reacts with oxygen diffusing through the scale to form water vapor, which has sufficient vapor pressure to mechanically disrupt the scale. Experiments on preoxidized 316L stainless steel tubing exposed to air/air, H2/air, and H2/Ar environments are reported in support of the model.

Holcomb, Gordon R.; Ziomek-Moroz, Malgorzata; Cramer, Stephen D.; Covino, Jr., Bernard S.; and Bullard, Sophie J.

2004-10-20T23:59:59.000Z

419

Understanding the Impact of Interconnect Failures on System Operation  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Hardware failures are inevitable on large high performance computing systems. Faults or performance degradations in the high-speed network can reduce the entire system s performance. Since the introduction of the Gemini interconnect, Cray systems have become resilient to many networking faults that were fatal in their previous generation systems. These new network reliability and resiliency features have enabled higher uptimes on Cray systems by allowing them to continue running with reduced network performance. Oak Ridge National Laboratory has developed a set of user-level diagnostics that stresses the high-speed network and searches for components that are not performing as expected. Nearest-neighbor bandwidth tests check every network chip and network link in the system. Additionally, performance counters stored on the network ASIC s memory mapped registers (MMRs) are used to better understand the state of the network. Applications have also been characterized under various suboptimal network conditions to better understand what impact network problems have on user codes.

Ezell, Matthew A [ORNL

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

420

Assessment of Industrial Load for Demand Response across Western Interconnect  

SciTech Connect

Demand response (DR) has the ability to both increase power grid reliability and potentially reduce operating system costs. Understanding the role of demand response in grid modeling has been difficult due to complex nature of the load characteristics compared to the modeled generation and the variation in load types. This is particularly true of industrial loads, where hundreds of different industries exist with varying availability for demand response. We present a framework considering industrial loads for the development of availability profiles that can provide more regional understanding and can be inserted into analysis software for further study. The developed framework utilizes a number of different informational resources, algorithms, and real-world measurements to perform a bottom-up approach in the development of a new database with representation of the potential demand response resource in the industrial sector across the U.S. This tool houses statistical values of energy and demand response (DR) potential by industrial plant and geospatially locates the information for aggregation for different territories without proprietary information. This report will discuss this framework and the analyzed quantities of demand response for Western Interconnect (WI) in support of evaluation of the cost production modeling with power grid modeling efforts of demand response.

Alkadi, Nasr E [ORNL] [ORNL; Starke, Michael R [ORNL] [ORNL; Ma, Ookie [United States Department of Energy (DOE), Office of Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)] [United States Department of Energy (DOE), Office of Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)

2013-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "direct interconnection project" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


421

Category:Smart Grid Projects - Electric Transmission Systems | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Transmission Systems category. Transmission Systems category. Pages in category "Smart Grid Projects - Electric Transmission Systems" The following 10 pages are in this category, out of 10 total. A American Transmission Company LLC II Smart Grid Project American Transmission Company LLC Smart Grid Project D Duke Energy Carolinas, LLC Smart Grid Project E Entergy Services, Inc. Smart Grid Project I ISO New England, Incorporated Smart Grid Project M Midwest Energy Inc. Smart Grid Project Midwest Independent Transmission System Operator Smart Grid Project N New York Independent System Operator, Inc. Smart Grid Project P PJM Interconnection, LLC Smart Grid Project W Western Electricity Coordinating Council Smart Grid Project Retrieved from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=Category:Smart_Grid_Projects_-_Electric_Transmission_Systems&oldid=214227

422

Wind for Schools Project Power System Brief  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

This fact sheet provides an overview of the system components of a Wind Powering America Wind for Schools project. Wind Powering America's (WPA's) Wind for Schools project uses a basic system configuration for each school project. The system incorporates a single SkyStream(TM) wind turbine, a 70-ft guyed tower, disconnect boxes at the base of the turbine and at the school, and an interconnection to the school's electrical system. A detailed description of each system component is provided in this document.

Not Available

2007-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

423

Project Management Resources | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Project Project Management Resources Project Management Resources Performance & Project Completion Environmental Management Completed Projects 2005-Present EM Current Project Performance Office of Engineering and Construction Management (OECM) Monthly Project Dashboard Project Management Resources DOE Office of Environmental Management Project & Contract Management Improvement Timeline Project Management Approach Using Earned Value Management Root Cause Analysis and Corrective Actions Plan DOE Order 413.3B DOE Directives OMB Capital Programming Guide OECM Project Management Career Development Program OECM Project Management Policy and Guidance per Office of Management Project Definition Rating Index (PDRI) Project Management Institute (PMI) Construction Industry Institute (CII)

424

Advanced Platform for Development and Evaluation of Grid Interconnection Systems Using Hardware-in-the-Loop: Part III -- Grid Interconnection System Evaluator: Preprint  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper, presented at the IEEE Green Technologies Conference 2013, describes a Grid Interconnection System Evaluator (GISE) that leverages hardware-in-the-loop (HIL) simulation techniques to rapidly evaluate the grid interconnection standard conformance of an ICS according to the procedures in IEEE Std 1547.1 (TM). The architecture and test sequencing of this evaluation tool, along with a set of representative ICS test results from three different photovoltaic (PV) inverters, are presented. The GISE adds to the National Renewable Energy Laboratory's (NREL) evaluation platform that now allows for rapid development of ICS control algorithms using controller HIL (CHIL) techniques, the ability to test the dc input characteristics of PV-based ICSs through the use of a PV simulator capable of simulating real-world dynamics using power HIL (PHIL), and evaluation of ICS grid interconnection conformance.

Lundstrom, B.; Shirazi, M.; Coddington, M.; Kroposki, B.

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

425

Advanced Platform for Development and Evaluation of Grid Interconnection Systems Using Hardware-in-the-Loop: Part III - Grid Interconnection System Evaluator  

SciTech Connect

This paper describes a Grid Interconnection System Evaluator (GISE) that leverages hardware-in-the-loop (HIL) simulation techniques to rapidly evaluate the grid interconnection standard conformance of an ICS according to the procedures in IEEE Std 1547.1. The architecture and test sequencing of this evaluation tool, along with a set of representative ICS test results from three different photovoltaic (PV) inverters, are presented. The GISE adds to the National Renewable Energy Laboratory's (NREL) evaluation platform that now allows for rapid development of ICS control algorithms using controller HIL (CHIL) techniques, the ability to test the dc input characteristics of PV-based ICSs through the use of a PV simulator capable of simulating real-world dynamics using power HIL (PHIL), and evaluation of ICS grid interconnection conformance.

Lundstrom, B.; Shirazi, M.; Coddington, M.; Kroposki, B.

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

426

Response from PJM Interconnection LLC and Pepco to Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

PJM Interconnection LLC and Pepco to Department of PJM Interconnection LLC and Pepco to Department of Energy Request for Information Concerning the Potential Need for Potomac River Station Generation Response from PJM Interconnection LLC and Pepco to Department of Energy Request for Information Concerning the Potential Need for Potomac River Station Generation Docket No. EO-05-01: This letter will respond to your request for information concerning the potential need for Potomac River Station generation under the three reliability "scenarios" outlined by PJM and PEPCO. Response from PJM Interconnection LLC and Pepco to Department of Energy Request for Information Concerning the Potential Need for Potomac River Station Generation More Documents & Publications Information Concerning Reliability Impacts under Various System

427

Process based cost modeling of emerging optoelectronic interconnects : implications for material platform choice  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Continuously increasing demand for processing power, storage capacity, and I/O capacity in personal computing, data network, and display interface suggests that optical interconnects may soon supplant copper not only for ...

Liu, Shan, S.M. Massachusetts Institute of Technology

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

428

Innovative Distributed Power Grid Interconnection and Control Systems: Final Report, December 11, 2000 - August 30, 2005  

SciTech Connect

The contract goal was to further advance distributed generation in the marketplace by making installations more cost-effective and compatible with existing systems. This was achieved by developing innovative grid interconnection and control systems.

DePodesta, K.; Birlingmair, D.; West, R.

2006-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

429

Relevance of Generation Interconnection Procedures to Feed-in Tariffs in the United States  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Feed-in tariffs (FITs) have been used to promote renewable electricity development in over 40 countries throughout the past two decades. These policies generally provide guaranteed prices for the full system output from eligible generators for a fixed time period (typically 15-20 years). Due in part to the success of FIT policies in Europe, some jurisdictions in the United States are considering implementing similar policies, and a few have already put such policies in place. This report is intended to offer some guidance to policymakers and regulators on how generator interconnection procedures may affect the implementation of FITs and how state generator interconnection procedures can be formulated to support state renewable energy objectives. This report is based on a literature review of model interconnection procedures formulated by several organizations, as well as other documents that have reviewed, commented on, and in some cases, ranked state interconnection procedures.

Fink, S.; Porter, K.; Rogers, J.

2010-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

430

Concentration, incumbency, and interconnection: broadband development and the lessons of history  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

With recent investments in broadband network development, policymakers have devoted new attention and resources to the social, economic, and political questions surrounding broadband development. While progressive policy in this space necessarily depends ... Keywords: broadband, concentration, incumbency, infrastructure, interconnection, policy, telecommunications

Alissa Centivany; Steven Jackson

2012-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

431

Analysis of CNT bundle and its comparison with copper interconnect for CMOS and CNFET drivers  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In nanoscale regime as the CMOS process technology continues to scale, the standard copper (Cu) interconnect will become a major hurdle for onchip communication due to high resistivity and electromigration. This paper presents the comprehensive evaluation ...

Abdul Kadir Kureshi; Mohd. Hasan

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

432

Supplying Baseload Power and Reducing Transmission Requirements by Interconnecting Wind Farms  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Wind is the worlds fastest growing electric energy source. Because it is intermittent, though, wind is not used to supply baseload electric power today. Interconnecting wind farms through the transmission grid is a simple and effective way of ...

Cristina L. Archer; Mark Z. Jacobson

2007-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

433

Solid oxide fuel cell with single material for electrodes and interconnect  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A solid oxide fuel cell having a plurality of individual cells. A solid oxide fuel cell has an anode and a cathode with electrolyte disposed therebetween, and the anode, cathode and interconnect elements are comprised of substantially one material.

McPheeters, Charles C. (Naperville, IL); Nelson, Paul A. (Wheaton, IL); Dees, Dennis W. (Downers Grove, IL)

1994-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

434

On the State of the Art of Metal Interconnects for SOFC Application  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

One of the recent developments for Solid Oxide Fuel Cells (SOFC) is oxide component materials capable of operating at lower temperatures such as 700-800C. This lower temperature range has provided for the consideration of metallic interconnects which have several advantages over ceramic interconnects: low cost, ease in manufacturing, and high conductivity. Most metals and alloys will oxidize under both the anode and cathode conditions within an SOFC, thus a chief requirement is that the base metal oxide scale must be electrically conductive since this constitutes the majority of the electrical resistance in a metallic interconnect. Common high temperature alloys form scales that contain chrome, silicon and aluminum oxides among others. Under SOFC operating conditions chrome oxide is a semi-conductor while silicon and aluminum oxides are insulators. In this talk we will review the evolution in candidate alloys and surface modifications which constitute an engineered solution for SOFC interconnect applications.

Jablonski@netl.doe.gov

2011-02-27T23:59:59.000Z

435

Energy Scalability of On-Chip Interconnection Networks in Multicore Architectures  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

On-chip interconnection networks (OCNs) such as point-to-point networks and buses form the communication backbone in systems-on-a-chip, multicore processors, and tiled processors. OCNs can consume significant portions of ...

Agarwal, Anant

2008-11-11T23:59:59.000Z

436

Griffith Energy Project Final Environmental Impact Statement  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Griffith Energy Limited Liability Corporation (Griffith) proposes to construct and operate the Griffith Energy Project (Project), a natural gas-fuel, combined cycle power plant, on private lands south of Kingman, Ariz. The Project would be a ''merchant plant'' which means that it is not owned by a utility and there is currently no long-term commitment or obligation by any utility to purchase the capacity and energy generated by the power plant. Griffith applied to interconnect its proposed power plant with the Western Area Power Administration's (Western) Pacific Northwest-Pacific Southwest Intertie and Parker-Davis transmission systems. Western, as a major transmission system owner, needs to provide access to its transmission system when it is requested by an eligible organization per existing policies, regulations and laws. The proposed interconnection would integrate the power generated by the Project into the regional transmission grid and would allow Griffith to supply its power to the competitive electric wholesale market. Based on the application, Western's proposed action is to enter into an interconnection and construction agreement with Griffith for the requested interconnections. The proposed action includes the power plant, water wells and transmission line, natural gas pipelines, new electrical transmission lines and a substation, upgrade of an existing transmission line, and access road to the power plant. Construction of segments of the transmission lines and a proposed natural gas pipeline also require a grant of right-of-way across Federal lands administered by the Bureau of Land Management. Public comments on the Draft EIS are addressed in the Final EIS, including addenda and modifications made as a result of the comments and/or new information.

N /A

1999-04-02T23:59:59.000Z

437

EIS-0485: Interconnection of the Grande Prairie Wind Farm, Holt...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Prairie Wind Farm, in Holt County, near the city of O'Neill, Nebraska, to Western's power transmission system. The proposed wind energy generation project would include up to...

438

InGaAs monolithic interconnected modules (MIM)  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

A monolithic interconnected module (MIM) structure has been developed for thermophotovoltaic (TPV) applications. The MIM device consists of many individual InGaAs cells series-connected on a single semi-insulating (S.I.) InP substrate. An infrared (IR) back surface reflector (BSR), placed on the rear surface of the substrate, returns the unused portion of the TPV radiator output spectrum back to the emitter for recycling, thereby providing for high system efficiencies. Also, the use of a BSR obviates the need to use a separate filtering element. As a result, MIMs are exposed to the entire emitter output, thereby maximizing output power density. MIMs with an active area of 1 x 1-cm were comprised of 15 cells monolithically connected in series. Both lattice-matched and lattice-mismatched InGaAs/InP devices were produced, with bandgaps of 0.74 and 0.55 eV, respectively. The 0.74-eV modules demonstrated an open-circuit voltage (Voc) of 6.158 V and a fill factor of 74.2% at a short-circuit current (Jsc) of 842 mA/cm{sup 2}, under flashlamp testing. The 0.55-eV modules demonstrated a Voc of 4.849 V and a fill factor of 57.8% at a Jsc of 3.87 A/cm{sup 2}. IR reflectance measurements (i.e., {lambda} > 2 {micro}m) of these devices indicated a reflectivity of {ge} 83%. Latest electrical and optical performance results for the MIMs will be presented.

Fatemi, N.S.; Jenkins, P.P.; Weizer, V.G.; Hoffman, R.W. Jr. [Essential Research, Inc., Cleveland, OH (United States); Wilt, D.M.; Scheiman, D.; Brinker, D. [National Aeronautics and Space Administration, Cleveland, OH (United States). Lewis Research Center; Murray, C.S.; Riley, D. [Westinghouse Electric Corp., West Mifflin, PA (United States)

1997-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

439

Manufacturing Analysis of SOFC Interconnect Coating Processes - NexTech Materials  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Manufacturing Analysis of SOFC Manufacturing Analysis of SOFC Interconnect Coating Processes- NexTech Materials Background The adoption of high-temperature metal alloys as alternatives to traditional ceramic interconnect materials provides a cost effective path for the production of solid oxide fuel cells (SOFCs). Low-cost and effective protective coatings must be developed for the metallic system and stack components for SOFCs to be economical. Since current

440

Technology Assessment of Interconnection Products for Distributed Resources: Research and Development Recommendations  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A compatible and economical connection with the resident electrical power system is a key to realizing the full value of distributed generation and storage. This technology assessment looks at the status of interconnection equipment used for interconnecting distributed generation and storage with electric power systems. The assessment is intended to identify business opportunities and to provide specific research and development recommendations based on a manufacturer survey and technical assessment desc...

2000-12-11T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "direct interconnection project" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


441

The K computer: Japanese next-generation supercomputer development project  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The K computer is a distributed memory super-computer system consisting of more than 800 compute nodes which is being developed by RIKEN as a Japanese national project. Its performance is aimed at achieving 10 peta-flops sustained in the LINPACK benchmark. ... Keywords: K computer, next-generation supercomputer, sparc64 viiifx, tofu interconnect network

Mitsuo Yokokawa; Fumiyoshi Shoji; Atsuya Uno; Motoyoshi Kurokawa; Tadashi Watanabe

2011-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

442

Klondike III/Biglow Canyon Wind Integration Project; Record of Decision, October 25, 2006.  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The Bonneville Power Administration (BPA) has decided to implement the Proposed Action identified in the Klondike III/Biglow Canyon Wind Integration Project Final Environmental Impact Statement (FEIS) (DOE/EIS-0374, September 2006). Under the Proposed Action, BPA will offer PPM Energy, Inc. (PPM) contract terms for interconnection of the proposed Klondike III Wind Project, located in Sherman County, Oregon, with the Federal Columbia River Transmission System (FCRTS). BPA will also offer Portland General Electric (PGE)1 contract terms for interconnection of its proposed Biglow Canyon Wind Farm, also located in Sherman County, Oregon, with the FCRTS, as proposed in the FEIS. To interconnect these wind projects, BPA will build and operate a 12-mile long, 230-kilovolt (kV) double-circuit transmission line between the wind projects and BPA's new 230-kV John Day Substation in Sherman County, Oregon. BPA will also expand its existing 500-kV John Day Substation.

United States. Bonneville Power Administration

2006-10-25T23:59:59.000Z

443

NOx Sensor for Direct Injection Emission Control  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The Electricore/Delphi team continues to leverage the electrochemical planar sensor technology that has produced stoichiometric planar and wide range oxygen sensors as the basis for development of a NOx sensor. Zirconia cell technology with an integrated heater will provide the foundation for the sensor structure. Proven materials and packaging technology will help to ensure a cost-effective approach to the manufacture of this sensor. The electronics technique and interface is considered to be an area where new strategies need to be employed to produce higher S/N ratios of the NOx signal with emphasis on signal stability over time for robustness and durability Both continuous mode and pulse mode control techniques are being evaluated. Packaging the electronics requires careful design and circuit partitioning so that only the necessary signal conditioning electronics are coupled directly in the wiring harness, while the remainder is situated within the ECM for durability and costs reasons. This task continues to be on hold due to the limitation that the definition of the interface electronics was unavailable until very late in the project. The sense element is based on the amperometric method utilizing integrated alumina and zirconia ceramics. Precious metal electrodes are used to form the integrated heater, the cell electrodes and leads. Inside the actual sense cell structure, it is first necessary to separate NOx from the remaining oxygen constituents of the exhaust, without reducing the NOx. Once separated, the NOx will be measured using a measurement cell. Development or test coupons have been used to facilitate material selection and refinement, cell, diffusion barrier, and chamber development. The sense element currently requires elaborate interconnections. To facilitate a robust durable connection, mechanical and metallurgical connections are under investigation. Materials and process refinements continue to play an important role in the development of the sensor.

Betteridge, William J

2006-02-28T23:59:59.000Z

444

Integrating High Penetrations of PV into Southern California: Year 2 Project Update; Preprint  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Southern California Edison (SCE) is well into a five-year project to install a total of 500 MW of distributed photovoltaic (PV) energy within its utility service territory. Typical installations to date are 1-3 MW peak rooftop PV systems that interconnect to medium-voltage urban distribution circuits or larger (5 MW peak) ground-mounted systems that connect to medium-voltage rural distribution circuits. Some of the PV system interconnections have resulted in distribution circuits that have a significant amount of PV generation compared to customer load, resulting in high-penetration PV integration scenarios. The National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) and SCE have assembled a team of distribution modeling, resource assessment, and PV inverter technology experts in order to investigate a few of the high-penetration PV distribution circuits. Currently, the distribution circuits being studied include an urban circuit with a PV penetration of approximately 46% and a rural circuit with a PV penetration of approximately 60%. In both cases, power flow on the circuit reverses direction, compared to traditional circuit operation, during periods of high PV power production and low circuit loading. Research efforts during year two of the five-year project were focused on modeling the distribution system level impacts of high-penetration PV integrations, the development and installation of distribution circuit data acquisition equipment appropriate for quantifying the impacts of high-penetration PV integrations, and investigating high-penetration PV impact mitigation strategies. This paper outlines these research efforts and discusses the following activities in more detail: the development of a quasi-static time-series test feeder for evaluating high-penetration PV integration modeling tools; the advanced inverter functions being investigated for deployment in the project's field demonstration and a power hardware-in-loop test of a 500-kW PV inverter implementing a limited set of advanced inverter functions.

Mather, B.; Neal, R.

2012-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

445

Final Scientific/Technical Report for Building Transmission Capacity in the Western Interconnection to Support a Low Carbon Future  

SciTech Connect

The Building Transmission Capacity grant activities focused on educating both policy makers (primarily at Public Utility Commissions) and utilities across the West. Western Grid Group (WGG), the grant recipient, chose three methods to reach these audiences - direct outreach, a website that contains information on policies and strategies to integrate more variable generation resources, and a report - The Best of the West, Policies and Practices to Support Transition to a Lower-Carbon Electric Sector in the Western Interconnection and that highlights what is working in the West. While all avenues for education are effective the Best of the West report is the first west-wide assessment of its kind. The report details incremental changes that are working to integrate variable generation but it also expounds on what fundamental or transformative changes are needed to get to the 20% wind penetration and beyond.

Amanda Ormond; Merrisa Walker

2011-03-31T23:59:59.000Z

446

Using CrAIN Multilayer Coatings to Improve Oxidation Resistance of Steel Interconnects for Solid Oxide Fuel Cell Stacks  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The requirements of low cost and high-tempurature corrosion resistance for bipolar interconnect plates in solid oxide fuel cell stacks has directed attention to the use of metal plates with oxidation resistant coatings. We have investigatedt he performance of steel plates with multilayer coatings consisting of CrN for electrical conductivity and CrAIN for oxidation resistance. The coatings were deposited usin large area filterd arc deposition technolgy, and subsequently annealed in air for up to 25 hours at 800 degrees celsius. The composition, structer and morphology of the coated plates were characterized using RBS, nuclear reaction analysis, AFM and TEM techniques. By altering the architecture of the layers within the coatings, the rate of oxidation was reduced by more than an order of magnitute. Electrical resistance was measured at room temperature.

Smith, Richard J.; Tripp, C.; Knospe, Anders; Ramana, C. V.; Gorokhovsky, Vladimir I.; Shutthanandan, V.; Gelles, David S.

2004-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

447

JGI - Directions  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Map to JGI Directions from Directions from key local start points, public transit Home > About Us > Map to JGI UC logo DOE logo Contact Us Credits Disclaimer Access...

448

Project Title  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Chart: project timeline - Project Milestones - Budget - Bibliography * Thank you 29 30 Organization Chart * Project team: Purdue University - Dr. Brenda B. Bowen: PI, student...

449

Wind for Schools Project Power System Brief, Wind Powering America Fact Sheet Series  

SciTech Connect

Wind Powering America's (WPA's) Wind for Schools project uses a basic system configuration for each school project. The system incorporates a single SkyStream wind turbine, a 70-ft guyed tower, disconnect boxes at the base of the turbine and at the school, and an interconnection to the school's electrical system. This document provides a detailed description of each system component.

Baring-Gould, I.

2009-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

450

EIS-0469: Proposed Wilton IV Wind Energy Center Project, Burleigh County, North Dakota  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

This EIS evaluates the environmental impacts of interconnecting NextEra Energy Resources proposed Wilton IV Wind Energy Center Project, near Bismarck, North Dakota, to one of DOEs Western Area Power Administrations existing substations and to operate NextEras existing wind projects in this area above 50 annual MW.

451

UPDATE TO PLAINS & EASTERN CLEAN LINE PROPOSAL FOR NEW OR UPGRADED TRANSMISSION LINE PROJECTS  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

UPDATE TO PLAINS & EASTERN CLEAN LINE PROPOSAL UPDATE TO PLAINS & EASTERN CLEAN LINE PROPOSAL FOR NEW OR UPGRADED TRANSMISSION LINE PROJECTS UNDER SECTION 1222 OF THE ENERGY POLICY ACT OF 2005 AUGUST 2011 Table of Contents 1. Executive Summary .......................................................................................................... 1 2. Project Update .................................................................................................................. 2 a. Jobs and Economic Development ........................................................................................................... 5 b. Interconnection Studies ............................................................................................................................. 6 c. Routing and Public Outreach ................................................................................................................... 7

452

Grid Computing: Towards a Global Interconnected Infrastructure, 1st edition  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This book presents research from many of the major projects involved in the emerging global grid infrastructure. With a particular focus on the practical advantages and applications of grid computing including real case studies the book provides an in-depth ...

Nikolaos P. Preve

2011-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

453

Searchlight Wind Energy Project FEIS Appendix A  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

3: Public Hearing Materials 3: Public Hearing Materials Draft Environmental Impact Statement Public Meetings February 21 - 23, 2012 * An approximately 200 megawatt wind energy facility and associated infrastructure proposed by Searchlight Wind Energy, LLC * Project will produce electricity to power approximately 50,000 homes. * An interconnection switching station proposed by Western Area Power Administration 2 3 The proposed project area is adjacent to Searchlight, approximately 60 miles southeast of Las Vegas in Clark County, Nevada Right-of-way application area (shown in red) is the same as the area of mineral segregation at approximately 18,000 acres If approved, the permanent

454

Categorical Exclusion Determinations: West Valley Demonstration Project |  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Valley Demonstration Valley Demonstration Project Categorical Exclusion Determinations: West Valley Demonstration Project Categorical Exclusion Determinations issued by West Valley Demonstration Project. DOCUMENTS AVAILABLE FOR DOWNLOAD July 11, 2013 CX-010718: Categorical Exclusion Determination Replacement Ventilation System for the Main Plant Process Building CX(s) Applied: B6.3 Date: 07/11/2013 Location(s): New York Offices(s): West Valley Demonstration Project December 20, 2012 CX-009527: Categorical Exclusion Determination WVDP-2012-02 Routine Maintenance CX(s) Applied: B1.3 Date: 12/20/2012 Location(s): New York Offices(s): West Valley Demonstration Project August 2, 2012 CX-009528: Categorical Exclusion Determination WVDP-2012-01 WVDP Reservoir Interconnecting Canal Maintenance Activities

455

ATP Project Brief - 00-00-7546  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Project Brief. Direct Imprinting of Nanostructures in Solids to Revolutionize Micro/Nano Manufacturing. Develop a laser-based ...

456

Vehicle to Grid Demonstration Project  

SciTech Connect

This report summarizes the activities and accomplishments of a two-year DOE-funded project on Grid-Integrated Vehicles (GIV) with vehicle to grid power (V2G). The project included several research and development components: an analysis of US driving patterns; an analysis of the market for EVs and V2G-capable EVs; development and testing of GIV components (in-car and in-EVSE); interconnect law and policy; and development and filing of patents. In addition, development activities included GIV manufacturing and licensing of technologies developed under this grant. Also, five vehicles were built and deployed, four for the fleet of the State of Delaware, plus one for the University of Delaware fleet.

Willett Kempton; Meryl Gardner; Michael Hidrue; Fouad Kamilev; Sachin Kamboj; Jon Lilley; Rodney McGee; George Parsons; Nat Pearre; Keith Trnka

2010-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

457

Public Interest Energy Research (PIER) Program FINAL PROJECT REPORT  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

is interconnected through AC lines with Northern Germany, and through HVDC links with Sweden and Norway. Mean while, the Eastern part of Denmark has ac connections to Sweden and HVDC link to Germany. These strong HVDC Link was commissioned in August 2010 which directly connects the West and East Denmark

458

Permitting and interconnection of solar PV generators for the Marin Energy Authority Feed-in Tariff Program.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

?? Lack of access to information on the cost and timeframe for the permitting and interconnection of distributed renewable energy generation facilities may hinder renewable (more)

Rogers, Stephen Daniel

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

459

EA-1896: Williston to Stateline Transmission Line Project, Mountrail  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

96: Williston to Stateline Transmission Line Project, 96: Williston to Stateline Transmission Line Project, Mountrail Williams Electric Cooperative, Williston, North Dakota EA-1896: Williston to Stateline Transmission Line Project, Mountrail Williams Electric Cooperative, Williston, North Dakota Summary DOE's Western Area Power Administration is preparing this EA to evaluate the environmental impacts of interconnecting the proposed Stateline I transmission line, in Williston, North Dakota, to Western's transmission system. Public Comment Opportunities No public comment opportunities available at this time. Documents Available for Download May 4, 2012 EA-1896: Finding of No Significant Impact Williston to Stateline Transmission Line Project, Mountrail Williams Electric Cooperative, Williams County, North Dakota

460

Project Title  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Verification and Accounting of Geologic Carbon Sequestration Using a Field Ready 14 C Isotopic Analyzer DEFE 0001116 Bruno D.V. Marino PhD CEO, Founder Planetary Emissions Management, Inc. 485 Massachusetts Ave. Cambridge, MA 02139 bruno.marino@pem-carbon.com www.pem-carbon.com U.S. Department of Energy National Energy Technology Laboratory Carbon Storage R&D Project Review Meeting Developing the Technologies and Building the Infrastructure for CO 2 Storage August 21-23, 2012 Benefits of a 14 CO 2 Field Analyzer to DOE MVA Program Goals Program Goals: 99% Containment Identify/Quantify CCS Credits Direct Tracking Verification Tight/Leaky Account for Natural Baseline MVA Atmosphere MVA Groundwater Ecosystem Health, Community Safety

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461

Project 350  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Gas Hydrates Gas Hydrates CONTACTS Ray Boswell Acting Technology Manager Gas Technology Management Division 304-285-4541 ray.boswell@netl.doe.gov James Ammer Director Gas Technology Management Division 304-285-4383 james.ammer@netl.doe.gov Kelly Rose Project Manager Gas Technology Management Division 304-285-4157 kelly.rose@netl.doe.gov Joseph Wilder Research Group Leader Simulation, Analysis and Computational Science Division 304-285-0989 joseph.wilder@netl.doe.gov NETL - DIRECTING THE DEVELOPMENT OF WORLD-CLASS GAS HYDRATE RESERVOIR SIMULATORS Development of reliable simulators that accurately predict the behavior methane hydrates in nature is a critical component of NETL's program to appraise the gas supply potential of hydrates. NETL is leading the development of a suite of modeling tools that are providing

462

Corrosion Behavior of Interconnect Candidate Alloys under Air//Simulated Reformate Dual Exposure Conditions  

SciTech Connect

Metallic interconnects in solid oxide fuel cell (SOFC) stacks, perform in a very challenging dual environment, as they are simultaneously exposed to a reducing fuel (either hydrogen or a hydrocarbon fuel) on one side and air on the other side at elevated temperatures. Thus candidate metals or alloys for the interconnect applications must demonstrate excellent surface stability under the SOFC operating conditions. Following previous studies which led to an improved understanding of the oxidation/corrosion behavior of metals and alloys under air/hydrogen dual exposure conditions, PNNL recently investigated the behavior of Fe-Cr and Ni-Cr base interconnect candidate alloys in an air/simulated reformate dual environment. This paper reports and discusses the findings of this work.

Yang, Z Gary; Xia, Gordon; Stevenson, Jeffry W.; Singh, Prabhakar

2008-11-28T23:59:59.000Z

463

High Temperature Corrosion Behavior of Oxidation Resistant Alloys under SOFC Interconnect Dual Exposures  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The steady reduction in SOFC operating temperatures has led to increased interest in using metals and alloys to construct the stack interconnects that are exposed simultaneously to a fuel at the anode-side and air at the cathode-side during SOFC operation. Previous work has found that the high temperature oxidation and corrosion behavior of alloys under the dual exposure conditions can be significantly different from that in a single atmosphere exposure. To fully understand the anomalous oxidation and corrosion behavior under the interconnect dual exposure conditions, a number of metals and alloys were investigated under a variety of conditions, including both hydrogen and hydrocarbon fuels. This paper will present details of this work and discuss our current understanding on the anomalous oxidation behavior of metals and alloys observed under the interconnect dual exposure conditions.

Yang, Z Gary; Coffey, Greg W.; Rice, Joseph P.; Singh, Prabhakar; Stevenson, Jeffry W.; Xia, Gordon

2006-02-03T23:59:59.000Z

464

Power System Generation and Inter-Connection Planning Model (SUPER) | Open  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Power System Generation and Inter-Connection Planning Model (SUPER) Power System Generation and Inter-Connection Planning Model (SUPER) Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary Name: Power System Generation and Inter-Connection Planning Model (SUPER) Agency/Company /Organization: Latin American Energy Organization Sector: Energy Focus Area: Renewable Energy, Hydro Topics: Resource assessment Resource Type: Software/modeling tools Website: www.olade.org/superEn.html References: SUPER website [1] "This model is useful for multi-year electricity system planning studies, making it possible to analyze, optimize, simulate and develop hydrothermal power system expansion plans." References ↑ "SUPER website" Retrieved from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=Power_System_Generation_and_Inter-Connection_Planning_Model_(SUPER)&oldid=329

465

West Valley Demonstration Project 10282 Rock Springs Road  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

West Valley Demonstration Project West Valley Demonstration Project 10282 Rock Springs Road West Valley, NY 141 71 -9799 Mr. Daniel W. Coyne President & General Manager CH2M HILL B&W West Valley, LLC West Valley Demonstration Project 10282 Rock Springs Road West Valley, NY 141 71 -9799 ATTENTION: J. D. Rendall, Regulatory Strategy, AC-EA SUBJECT: Environmental Checklist WVDP-20 12-0 1, " WVDP Reservoir Interconnecting Canal Maintenance Activities" REFERENCE: Letter WD:2012:0409 (357953), D. W. Coyne to R. W. Reffner, "CONTRACT NO. DE-EM000 1529, Section 5-3, Item 105, NEPA Documentation (Transmittal of Environmental Checklist WVDP-20 12-0 1, WVDP Reservoir Interconnecting Canal Maintenance Activities), Revision 1 ," dated July 24, 20 12 Dear Mr. Coyne:

466

Planarization of metal films for multilevel interconnects by pulsed laser heating  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

In the fabrication of multilevel integrated circuits, each metal layer is planarized by heating to momentarily melt the layer. The layer is melted by sweeping laser pulses of suitable width, typically about 1 microsecond duration, over the layer in small increments. The planarization of each metal layer eliminates irregular and discontinuous conditions between successive layers. The planarization method is particularly applicable to circuits having ground or power planes and allows for multilevel interconnects. Dielectric layers can also be planarized to produce a fully planar multilevel interconnect structure. The method is useful for the fabrication of VLSI circuits, particularly for wafer-scale integration.

Tuckerman, David B. (Livermore, CA)

1987-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

467

Development of Readout Interconnections for the Si-W Calorimeter of SiD  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The SiD collaboration is developing a Si-W sampling electromagnetic calorimeter, with anticipated application for the International Linear Collider. Assembling the modules for such a detector will involve special bonding technologies for the interconnections, especially for attaching a silicon detector wafer to a flex cable readout bus. We review the interconnect technologies involved, including oxidation removal processes, pad surface preparation, solder ball selection and placement, and bond quality assurance. Our results show that solder ball bonding is a promising technique for the Si-W ECAL, and unresolved issues are being addressed.

Woods, M.; Fields, R.G.; Holbrook, B.; Lander, R.L.; Moskaleva, A.; Neher, C.; Pasner, J.; Tripathi, M.; /UC, Davis; Brau, J.E.; Frey, R.E.; Strom, D.; /Oregon U.; Breidenbach, M.; Freytag, D.; Haller, G.; Herbst, R.; Nelson, T.; /SLAC; Schier, S.; Schumm, B.; /UC, Santa Cruz

2012-09-14T23:59:59.000Z

468

Wind/PV Generation for Frequency Regulation and Oscillation Damping in the Eastern Interconnection  

SciTech Connect

This report presents the control of renewable energy sources, including the variable-speed wind generators and solar photovoltaic (PV) generators, for frequency regulation and inter-area oscillation damping in the U.S. Eastern Interconnection (EI). In this report, based on the user-defined wind/PV generator electrical control model and the 16,000-bus Eastern Interconnection dynamic model, the additional controllers for frequency regulation and inter-area oscillation damping are developed and incorporated and the potential contributions of renewable energy sources to the EI system frequency regulation and inter-area oscillation damping are evaluated.

Liu, Yong [The University of Tennessee, Knoxville] [The University of Tennessee, Knoxville; Gracia, Jose R [ORNL] [ORNL; Hadley, Stanton W [ORNL] [ORNL; Liu, Yilu [ORNL] [ORNL

2013-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

469

Renewable Generation and Interconnection to the Electrical Grid in Southern California  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

SOUTHERN CALIFORNIA EDISON® SOUTHERN CALIFORNIA EDISON® SM 1 Federal Utility Partnership Working Group Providence, Rhode Island April 15, 2010 Renewable Generation and Interconnection to the Electrical Grid in Southern California Daniel Tunnicliff, P.E. Manager, Government & Institutions SOUTHERN CALIFORNIA EDISON® SM 2 Overview * SCE Overview * SCE Procurement Objectives * Renewable Procurement * Challenges to Meeting Renewable Goals in California * Interconnection Processes * Lessons Learned SOUTHERN CALIFORNIA EDISON® SM 3 SCE Overview * Large system  13 million residents  4.8 million customer accounts  50,000-square-mile service area * Nation's leader in environmental solutions  Energy efficiency  Renewable energy procurement  Electric transportation  Advanced meters  Smart grid

470

Beat Gebistorf Interconnection of Di erent Network Architectures  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The future of the Internet is unknown, even more as the currently existing mechanisms are a wonky foundation for the requirements of modern users: Huge e orts have to be taken to manage all participating nodes and to enable the attachment of upcoming network patterns like sensor nodes or delay tolerant networks. The ANA (Autonomic Network Architectures) project tries to introduce a solution to the known problems by handling the protocol stack in a more exible way. The ultimate goal of the ANA project is to design and develop a novel network architecture that enables exible, dynamic, and fully autonomic formation of network nodes as well as whole networks. In this semester thesis a new functional block of the ANA protocol stack was implemented which is able to connect the Internet Protocol world with a network equipped with Field Based Service Discovery. The Internet Protocol builds the central protocol of the current Internet whereas Field Based Service Discovery is a novel protocol adequate for service handling in mobile ad hoc networks. Therefore the implemented functional block builds

Professor Prof; Dr. Bernhard Plattner

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

471

Project Accounts  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

» Project Accounts » Project Accounts Project Accounts Overview Project accounts are designed to facilitate collaborative computing by allowing multiple users to use the same account. All actions performed by the project account are traceable back to the individual who used the project account to perform those actions via gsisshd accounting logs. Requesting a Project Account PI's, PI proxies and project managers are allowed to request a project account. In NIM do "Actions->Request a Project Account" and fill in the form. Select the repository that the Project Account is to use from the drop-down menu, "Sponsoring Repository". Enter the name you want for the account (8 characters maximum) and a description of what you will use the account for and then click on the "Request Project Account" button. You

472

Project 244  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

PROJECT PARTNER Advanced Technology Systems, Inc. Pittsburgh, PA PROJECT PARTNERS Ohio University Athens, OH Texas A&M University-Kingsville Kingsville, TX WEBSITES http:...

473

Projects | ORNL  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

and Conferences Supporting Organizations Supercomputing and Computation Home | Science & Discovery | Supercomputing and Computation | Projects Projects 1-10 of 180 Results Prev...

474

Project Title  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

CCS August 20-22, 2013 2 Presentation Outline * Benefits to the program * Project overall objectives * Technical status * Project summary * Conclusions and future plans 3 Benefit...

475

High Temperature 300C Directional Drilling System Geothermal...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Recovery Act: Enhanced Geothermal Systems Component Research and DevelopmentAnalysis Project Type Topic 2 Directional Drilling Systems Project Description The development plan...

476

JGI - Directions  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Directions Address DOE Joint Genome Institute 2800 Mitchell Drive Walnut Creek, CA 94598 From Oakland Airport Follow Airport exit signs onto AIRPORT DR. Turn RIGHT onto HEGENBERGER...

477

Hualapai Wind Project Feasibility Report  

SciTech Connect

The Hualapai Department of Planning and Economic Development, with funding assistance from the U.S. Department of Energy, Tribal Energy Program, with the aid of six consultants has completed the four key prerequisites as follows: 1. Identify the site area for development and its suitability for construction. 2. Determine the wind resource potential for the identified site area. 3. Determine the electrical transmission and interconnection feasibility to get the electrical power produced to the marketplace. 4. Complete an initial permitting and environmental assessment to determine the feasibility for getting the project permitted. Those studies indicated a suitable wind resource and favorable conditions for permitting and construction. The permitting and environmental study did not reveal any fatal flaws. A review of the best power sale opportunities indicate southern California has the highest potential for obtaining a PPA that may make the project viable. Based on these results, the recommendation is for the Hualapai Tribal Nation to move forward with attracting a qualified wind developer to work with the Tribe to move the project into the second phase - determining the reality factors for developing a wind project. a qualified developer will bid to a utility or negotiate a PPA to make the project viable for financing.

Davidson, Kevin [Hualapai Tribe] [Hualapai Tribe; Randall, Mark [Daystar Consulting] [Daystar Consulting; Isham, Tom [Power Engineers] [Power Engineers; Horna, Marion J [MJH Power Consulting LLC] [MJH Power Consulting LLC; Koronkiewicz, T [SWCA Environmental, Inc.] [SWCA Environmental, Inc.; Simon, Rich [V-Bar, LLC] [V-Bar, LLC; Matthew, Rojas [Squire Sanders Dempsey] [Squire Sanders Dempsey; MacCourt, Doug C. [Ater Wynne, LLP] [Ater Wynne, LLP; Burpo, Rob [First American Financial Advisors, Inc.] [First American Financial Advisors, Inc.

2012-12-20T23:59:59.000Z

478

NREL Variability and Reserves Analysis for the Western Interconnect (Presentation)  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Additional variability and uncertainty increase reserve requirements. In this light, this presentation discusses how use of generation reserves can be optimized for managing variability and uncertainty. Conclusions of this presentation are: (1) Provided a method for calculating additional reserve requirements due to wind and solar production; (2) Method is based on statistical analysis of historical time series data; (3) Reserves are dynamic, produced for each hour; (4) Reserve time series are calculated from and synchronized to simulation data; (5) PROMOD can not model directly, but workarounds exist for regulation and spin; and (6) Other production modeling packages have varying capability for reserves modeling.

Milligan, M.; King, J.

2011-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

479

Novel dielectric capping layer approach for advanced copper interconnects using chemical grafting  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Due to its low bulk resistivity copper has become the material of choice for ULSI interconnects. However its high diffusivity in dielectrics and weak chemical bonding to low-k materials require a capping layer as diffusion barrier and to improve adhesion. ... Keywords: Adhesion, Capping, Chemical grafting, Electromigration

I. Bispo; B. Couturier; P. H. Haumesser; P. Mangiagalli; H. Monchoix; G. Passemard; C. Peyne; S. Roy; N. Thieriet; P. Rabinzohn; C. Bureau

2006-11-01T23:59:59.000Z