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Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "direct electricity transactions" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


1

Electricity transactions across international borders, 1986  

SciTech Connect

This report summarizes the electricity exchanges between the United States and Mexico and Canada during Calendar Year 1986. The construction, connection, operation and maintenance of any electric transmission facility which crosses an international border of the United States requires a Presidential permit. Presidential permits require that an annual report be filed by the permit holder detailing all transactions with the foreign country. 3 figs., 3 tabs.

Not Available

1987-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

2

Direct Research & Development Transactions | Department of Energy  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Direct Research & Development Transactions Direct Research & Development Transactions Direct Research & Development Transactions DOE direct research and development transactions include contracts, grants, and cooperative agreements, and technology investment agreements (TIA's). For transactions other than TIA's, the US Government will have certain rights, set forth by statute, in any invention conceived or first actually reduced to practice under the agreement. 42 U.S.C. 5908 provides that title to such inventions vests in the United States, except where 35 U.S.C. 202 provides otherwise for nonprofit organizations or small businesses. However, the Department may waive all or any part of the U.S. Government's invention rights, subject to certain conditions. A TIA, authorized by 42 U.S.C. 7256(g), may be used only in appropriate

3

Electricity transactions across international borders, 1984  

SciTech Connect

This report summarizes the electricity exchanges between the United States and Mexico and Canada during calendar year 1984. The construction, operation and maintenance of any electric transmission facility which crosses an international border of the United States requires a Presidential permit. These permits have been granted by DOE since its formation in 1977. During 1984, the US imported 42,219,259 MWh of electric energy at a cost of $1,070,046,345. Of this total, 42,034,392 MWh were imported from Canada and the remainder (184,867 MWh) were received from Mexico. During this same period, US exports of electric energy totaled 2,558,293 MWh with gross revenues of $21,795,733. Of this, 2,479,487 MWh representing $21,115,413 in revenues were delivered to Canada, and 78,806 MWh representing $680,320 in revenues were delivered to Mexico. On a net basis, the US was an importer of 39,660,966 MWh of electric energy. These 1984 values constitute an increase of 9.2% in gross imports and a decrease of 23.3% in gross exports compared to 1983 levels.

Not Available

1985-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

4

500 IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON SMART GRID, VOL. 3, NO. 1, MARCH 2012 The Evolution of Plug-In Electric  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

500 IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON SMART GRID, VOL. 3, NO. 1, MARCH 2012 The Evolution of Plug-In Electric;502 IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON SMART GRID, VOL. 3, NO. 1, MARCH 2012 supply equipment (EVSE) and PEV, Zig;504 IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON SMART GRID, VOL. 3, NO. 1, MARCH 2012 TABLE I PROGRESSION OF PEV-GRID INTERACTIONS

Baldick, Ross

5

IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON POWER SYSTEMS 1 Economic Impact of Electricity Market Price  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of circumstances. In the electric power industry, studying the costs of load forecasting errors has been a topic forecast in electric load forecasting models is discussed in [21]. The findings of [19]­[21] are consistentIEEE TRANSACTIONS ON POWER SYSTEMS 1 Economic Impact of Electricity Market Price Forecasting Errors

Cañizares, Claudio A.

6

IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON INDUSTRIAL ELECTRONICS, VOL. 57, NO. 3, MARCH 2010 943 Electric Vehicle Using a Combination of  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

. The results also show that this alternative is cheaper than Li-ion powered electric cars. Index TermsIEEE TRANSACTIONS ON INDUSTRIAL ELECTRONICS, VOL. 57, NO. 3, MARCH 2010 943 Electric Vehicle Using used for an experimental electric vehicle (EV). These batteries are cheaper than Li-ion cells and have

Rudnick, Hugh

7

Profiles of foreign direct investment in US energy, 1991. [Contains a table of completed foreign direct investment transactions for 1991  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Profiles of Foreign Direct Investment in US Energy 1991 describes the role of foreign ownership in US energy enterprises, with respect to investment, energy operations, and financial performance. Additionally, since energy investments are made in a global context, outward investment in energy is reviewed trough an examination of US-based companies' patterns of investment in foreign petroleum. The data used in this report come from the Energy Information Administration (EIA), the US Department of Commerce, company annual reports, and public disclosures of investment transactions.

Not Available

1993-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

8

1756 IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON VEHICULAR TECHNOLOGY, VOL. 55, NO. 6, NOVEMBER 2006 Electric Motor Drive Selection Issues for HEV  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

- propulsion systems, namely the dc motor, the induction motor (IM), the permanent magnet synchronous motor, the induction motor (IM), the permanent magnet (PM) synchronous motor, and the switched reluctance motor (SRM1756 IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON VEHICULAR TECHNOLOGY, VOL. 55, NO. 6, NOVEMBER 2006 Electric Motor Drive

9

DIRECTING THE MOVEMENT OF FISH WITH ELECTRICITY  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

DIRECTING THE MOVEMENT OF FISH WITH ELECTRICITY Marine Biological Laboratory APR 21 1953 WOODS HOLE, Albert M. Day, Director DIRECTING THE MOVH-IENT OF FISH WITH ELECTRICITY by Alberton L. McLain Fishery of an electrical leading device 21 Literature cited. ..,...,..,..........·· 2k ILLUSTRATIONS Figure Page 1. Diagram

10

Transactive Control and Coordination  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Transactive Control and Coordination Transactive Control and Coordination Speaker(s): Robert Pratt Date: March 15, 2013 - 12:00pm Location: 90-3122 Seminar Host/Point of Contact: Mary Ann Piette Transactive control and coordination is PNNL's approach to operationalizing smart grid distributed assets. It is a specific case of the general class of techniques the GridWise Architecture Council refers to as transactive energy - "techniques for managing the generation, consumption or flow of electric power within an electric power system through the use of economic- or market-based constructs, with full consideration of grid reliability constraints. The term "transactive" comes from considering that decisions are made based on a value. These decisions may be analogous to or literally economic

11

Electric field directed self assembly of nanoparticle structures  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

and Heller, M.J. (2007) Electric-field-directed assembly ofOF THE DISSERTATION Electric Field Directed Self Assembly ofof colloidal particles by electric fields. Soft Matter, 2,

Dehlinger, Dietrich Alexander

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

12

Transactional Network Platform: Applications  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In FY13, Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL) with funding from the Department of Energys (DOEs) Building Technologies Office (BTO) designed, prototyped and tested a transactional network platform to support energy, operational and financial transactions between any networked entities (equipment, organizations, buildings, grid, etc.). Initially, in FY13, the concept demonstrated transactions between packaged rooftop air conditioners and heat pump units (RTUs) and the electric grid using applications or "agents" that reside on the platform, on the equipment, on a local building controller or in the Cloud. The transactional network project is a multi-lab effort with Oakridge National Laboratory (ORNL) and Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (LBNL) also contributing to the effort. PNNL coordinated the project and also was responsible for the development of the transactional network (TN) platform and three different applications associated with RTUs. This document describes two applications or "agents" in details, and also summarizes the platform. The TN platform details are described in another companion document.

Katipamula, Srinivas; Lutes, Robert G.; Ngo, Hung; Underhill, Ronald M.

2013-10-31T23:59:59.000Z

13

Electric vehicle drive train with direct coupling transmission ...  

An electric vehicle drive train includes an electric motor and an associated speed sensor, a transmission operable in a speed reduction mode or a direct coupled mode ...

14

Transactional memory  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Current and future processor generations are based on multicore architectures where the performance increase comes from an increasing number of cores on a chip. In order to utilize the performance potential of multicore architectures the programs also ... Keywords: Concurrency, Multiprocessors, Parallel programming, Synchronization, Transactions

Hkan Grahn

2010-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

15

CONGESTION MANAGEMENT ALLOCATION IN MULTIPLE TRANSACTION NETWORKS  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

the nondiscriminatory transmission charges for each transaction's usage of the network. We illustrate the workings in the rapid disintegration of the well-entrenched vertically integrated structure of the electric industry of transactions. In the new competitive electricity market environment, the transmission system takes on a common

Gross, George

16

IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON POWER SYSTEMS, VOL. 16, NO. 3, AUGUST 2001 427 Direct Assessment of Protection Operation and  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

/Systems Initiative. C. Singh is with the National Electricity Market Management Company, Car- lingford, Australia. I. A. Hiskens is with the Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, University of Illinois

Hiskens, Ian A.

17

Direct Conversion of Radioisotope Energy to Electricity  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

A new chemical reactor has been tested for Field Enhanced Diffusion by Optical Activation doping and purification of SiC, GaN and AlN films. Different conditions have been used on SiC, GaN and AlN samples including temperature variation, electrical field variation, variations in electrical current and optical activation. A 5mW (630-680) nm laser was used for optical activation. It was observed that optical activation has a major effect on ion drift rates. It was also observed that the magnitude of the electrical current also enhanced ion drift rates by a postulated current drag mechanism. I-V characteristic curves were measured to verify changes in the electrical properties of the samples SIMS was used to analyze the concentrations of impurities in the film samples before and after treatment. It has been demonstrated that the field-enhanced diffusion by optical activation method can dope and purify the films. As a result, the electrical properties of the wafers have been significantly improved during treatment especially in cases where a laser is used.

Marks Prelas; Alexey Spitsyn; Alejandro Suarez; Eric Stienfelds; Dickerson Moreno; Bia-Ling Hsu; Tushar Ghosh; Robert Tompson; Sudarshan Loyalka; Dabir Viswanath

2003-09-09T23:59:59.000Z

18

MHD: direct channel from heat to electricity  

SciTech Connect

Magnetohydrodynamics (MHD) combined with conventional power generation is promising, but several engineering and technological problems must be solved before it can compete in the electric utility market. A combined MHD topping cycle and steam-electric bottoming cycle would raise the efficiency of a coal-fired plant from 35 to as high as 50 percent. Coal requirements would be lowered and internal sulfur oxide control is possible. Some of the components for MHD generation can be adapted from industrial applications and are already available, but many new components must be designed. Schematic drawings illustrate the engineering complexities of an MHD plant. (DCK)

Lihach, N.; Zygielbaum, P.; Lowenstein, A.

1980-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

19

152 IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON MICROWAVE THEORY AND TECHNIQUES, VOL. 53, NO. 1, JANUARY 2005 High-Speed Electrical Backplane Transmission  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

-Speed Electrical Backplane Transmission Using Duobinary Signaling Jeffrey H. Sinsky, Senior Member, IEEE, Marcus to binary. For 10-Gb/s data transmission, we demonstrate a bit error rate 10 13 through electrical backplane Duelk, Member, IEEE, and Andrew Adamiecki, Member, IEEE Abstract--High-speed electrical data

Palermo, Sam

20

36 IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON INDUSTRY APPLICATIONS, VOL. 35, NO. 1, JANUARY/FEBRUARY 1999 Multilevel Converters for Large Electric Drives  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

voltage is available, such as in a hybrid electric vehicle. Simulation and experimental results show vehicles (EV's) that have large electric drives will require advanced power electronic inverters to meet--Cascade inverter, common-mode voltage, diode- clamped inverter, electric vehicle, motor drive, multilevel con

Tolbert, Leon M.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "direct electricity transactions" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


21

GC GUIDANCE ON BARTER TRANSACTIONS INVOLVING DOE-OWNED URANIUM  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

GC GUIDANCE ON BARTER TRANSACTIONS INVOLVING DOE-OWNED URANIUM GC GUIDANCE ON BARTER TRANSACTIONS INVOLVING DOE-OWNED URANIUM The Department of Energy has on a variety of occasions engaged in transactions under which it bartered uranium to which it has title for goods or services . This guidance memorializes the results of analyses previously directed to individual proposed transactions . For the reasons discussed below, we conclude that the Atomic Energy Act of 1954' , as amended, (AEA), authorizes such barter transactions. Background : DOE Barter Transactions In a number of instances, DOE has engaged in transactions involving the barter of DOE-owned uranium2 in exchange for various products or services. For example, DOE entered into a transaction with the United States Enrichment Corporation (USEC), under which USEC would

22

Background Fact Sheet Transfer of Depleted Uranium and Subsequent Transactions  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Background Fact Sheet Background Fact Sheet Transfer of Depleted Uranium and Subsequent Transactions At the direction of Energy Secretary Steven Chu, over many months, the Energy Department (DOE) has been working closely with Energy Northwest (ENW), the Tennessee Valley Authority (TVA), and USEC Inc. (USEC) to develop a plan to address the challenges at USEC's Paducah Gaseous Diffusion Plant (GDP) that advances America's national security interests, protects taxpayers, and provides benefits for TVA and the Bonneville Power Administration's (BPA's) electric ratepayers and business operations. BPA is ENW's sole customer, purchasing 100 percent of ENW's Columbia Generating Station's electric power as part of BPA's overall

23

NSTAR (Electric) - Small Business Direct Install Program | Department of  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

NSTAR (Electric) - Small Business Direct Install Program NSTAR (Electric) - Small Business Direct Install Program NSTAR (Electric) - Small Business Direct Install Program < Back Eligibility Commercial Local Government Nonprofit State Government Savings Category Heating & Cooling Commercial Heating & Cooling Heating Cooling Other Home Weatherization Commercial Weatherization Sealing Your Home Ventilation Manufacturing Heat Pumps Appliances & Electronics Commercial Lighting Lighting Program Info State Massachusetts Program Type Utility Rebate Program Rebate Amount Up to 70% of the total project cost Provider NSTAR The NSTAR Small Business Solutions Program offers incentives for business customers whose average monthly demand is 300 kW or less. The first step of the program is a free energy audit to identify potential energy saving

24

IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON VEHICULAR TECHNOLOGY, VOL. 54, NO. 3, MAY 2005 837 Modeling of a Hybrid Electric Vehicle Powertrain  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

, Dearborn, on engine misfire detection, and the application of fuzzy logic to the car-following problem. He in Bond Graph theory [10]. A causal stroke located at the end of a power bond indicated that effort Electric Vehicle Powertrain Test Cell Using Bond Graphs Mariano Filippa, Student Member, IEEE, Chunting Mi

Mi, Chunting "Chris"

25

1782 IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON POWER SYSTEMS, VOL. 22, NO. 4, NOVEMBER 2007 The Operation of Ontario's Competitive Electricity  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of these programs are discussed. Index Terms--Deregulation, market outcome analysis, Ontario electricity market. DAGCG Day-Ahead Generation Cost Guarantee. DSPS Dispatch Scheduling and Pricing Software. EDRP Emergency Demand Response Program. ELRP Emergency Load Reduction Program. HADL Hour-Ahead Dispatchable Load. HADLOG

26

Electric vehicle drive train with direct coupling transmission  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

An electric vehicle drive train includes an electric motor and an associated speed sensor, a transmission operable in a speed reduction mode or a direct coupled mode, and a controller responsive to the speed sensor for operating the transmission in the speed reduction mode when the motor is below a predetermined value, and for operating the motor in the direct coupled mode when the motor speed is above a predetermined value. The controller reduces the speed of the motor, such as by regeneratively braking the motor, when changing from the speed reduction mode to the direct coupled mode. The motor speed may be increased when changing from the direct coupled mode to the speed reduction mode. The transmission is preferably a single stage planetary gearbox.

Tankersley, Jerome B. (Fredericksburg, VA); Boothe, Richard W. (Roanoke, VA); Konrad, Charles E. (Roanoke, VA)

1995-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

27

Electric vehicle drive train with direct coupling transmission  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

An electric vehicle drive train includes an electric motor and an associated speed sensor, a transmission operable in a speed reduction mode or a direct coupled mode, and a controller responsive to the speed sensor for operating the transmission in the speed reduction mode when the motor is below a predetermined value, and for operating the motor in the direct coupled mode when the motor speed is above a predetermined value. The controller reduces the speed of the motor, such as by regeneratively braking the motor, when changing from the speed reduction mode to the direct coupled mode. The motor speed may be increased when changing from the direct coupled mode to the speed reduction mode. The transmission is preferably a single stage planetary gearbox. 6 figures.

Tankersley, J.B.; Boothe, R.W.; Konrad, C.E.

1995-04-04T23:59:59.000Z

28

Foreign direct investment in the electricity sector: the Indian perspective  

SciTech Connect

So far, India is losing out in the competition against other emerging economies to attract more foreign direct investment to its electricity sector. This is in large part because the Indian approach towards power sector reforms is more haphazard than the more orderly and sensitive growth model of Singapore and Latin American economies. (author)

Sharma, A.K.; Vohra, Ekta

2008-08-15T23:59:59.000Z

29

Direct coupling of solar cell arrays to electric power networks  

SciTech Connect

Results of an investigation of the performance of solar cells when directly coupled to a conventional three-phase power network are presented. This approach dissociates the electricity production problem from the electric energy storage problem. Extensive studies of the required power inverter are performed. Preliminary simulation results indicate that a.c. power outputs of better than 90 percent of the optimum cell power output can be easily achieved by means of a suitably controlled inverter. It is also shown that the controlling policy for the inverter must depend on the operating conditions of the system.

Alvarado, F.L.; Eltimsahy, A.H.

1976-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

30

Students' Understanding of Direct Current Resistive Electrical Circuits  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Research has shown that both high school and university students' reasoning patterns regarding direct current resistive electric circuits often differ from the currently accepted explanations. At present, there are no standard diagnostic examinations in electric circuits. Two versions of a diagnostic instrument called Determining and Interpreting Resistive Electric circuits Concepts Tests (DIRECT) were developed, each consisting of 29 questions. The information provided by the exam provides classroom instructors a means with which to evaluate the progress and conceptual difficulties of their students and their instructional methods. It can be used to evaluate curricular packages and/or other supplemental materials for their effectiveness in overcoming students' conceptual difficulties. The analyses indicate that students, especially females, tend to hold multiple misconceptions, even after instruction. During interviews, the idea that the battery is a constant source of current was used most often in answering the questions. Students tended to focus on current in solving the problems and to confuse terms, often assigning the properties of current to voltage and/or resistance. Results indicated that students do not have a clear understanding of the underlying mechanisms of electric circuit phenomena. On the other hand, students were able to translate easily from a "realistic" representation of a circuit to the corresponding schematic diagram.

Paula V. Engelhardt; Robert J. Beichner

2003-04-10T23:59:59.000Z

31

Direct Lamination Cooling of Motors For Electric Vehicles  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Current designs for electric motors use a housing that acts as both a structural support and as a method of cooling the stator and rotor. This approach to cooling is not as effective as possible because heat must flow from the rotor and stator through the housing to the cooling media. Because the housing must contain the coolant, it is also larger, heavier, and more expensive than necessary. This project develops a motor that uses a direct lamination cooling (DLC) system, passing coolant directly through the stator and eliminating the need for bulky housing, thereby improving heat transfer. Motor size could be reduced by up to 30-40%, mass by up to 20-30%, and cost by up to 30%. Phase I demonstrated that reliable lamination-to-lamination seals and reliable stack-to-manifold seals can be achieved using the methods identified. The addition of the selected sealants adds only slightly to the thermal resistance and pressure drop compared with unsealed counterparts. Phase II builds electric motors and inductors using the DLC method, obtain comparative performance data on the effectiveness of the method, and then obtain operational use data on these components through long term testing in a representative environment. The long-term testing will ensure that real world aspects of motor and inductor operation (including vibration, temperature cycling, and the presence of electrical and magnetic fields) do not degrade the seals such that leaking occurs or that the thermal performance degrades.

Rippel, Wally; Kobayashi, Drayll

2003-07-30T23:59:59.000Z

32

An Improved Days-Ahead Transaction Bidding Model Based on Power Decomposition  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

With the development of electricity market fair competition becomes the most important and basic principle. Although the transmission losses account for a very small part in the full cost of the electric transactions, how to allocate the transmission ... Keywords: Electricity market, days-ahead transaction, loss correction, power decomposition, nodal cost conservation

Fang Zhang; Hai Bao; YiHan Yang; LiWei Zhao

2009-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

33

Hydrothermal electric and direct heat. Commercialization Phase III planning  

SciTech Connect

Nine environmental concerns have been identified: airborne effluents, waterborne effluents, noise, subsidence, enhanced seismicity, water use conflicts, land use, socioeconomic impacts, and system safety and occupational health. Resolution of these issues is expected to occur at staggered intervals over the next 8 to 10 years. Of these concerns, airborne emissions and water use conflicts are judged to have a medium likelihood of having research findings adverse to commercialization. Waterborne effluents and subsidence are also judged to have a medium likelihood. The other concerns--noise, enhanced seismicity, land use, socioeconomic impacts and system safety and occupational health--are judged to have a low likelihood of adverse findings. The overall environmental research and development plan related to hydrothermal electric and direct heat includes funds to assess the adequacy of candidate control technology options. However, it does not include the resource requirements to fully develop and demonstrate commercial control hardware, process modifications, and for strategies. The conclusions, stated as probabilities, are given.

Clusen, R.C.

1978-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

34

Data-oriented transaction execution  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

While hardware technology has undergone major advancements over the past decade, transaction processing systems have remained largely unchanged. The number of cores on a chip grows exponentially, following Moore's Law, allowing for an ever-increasing ... Keywords: DORA, data-oriented transaction execution, latch contention, lock manager, multicore transaction processing

Ippokratis Pandis; Ryan Johnson; Nikos Hardavellas; Anastasia Ailamaki

2010-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

35

Electric Power Systems Research 81 (2011) 20992107 Contents lists available at ScienceDirect  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

electricity usage. It is estimated that by 2020, about 12% of the world's electricity will be supplied by windElectric Power Systems Research 81 (2011) 2099­2107 Contents lists available at ScienceDirect Electric Power Systems Research journal homepage: www.elsevier.com/locate/epsr Short-term wind power

36

Transacting generation attributes across market boundaries: Compatible information systems and the treatment of imports and exports  

SciTech Connect

Voluntary markets for ''green'' power, and mandatory policies such as fuel source disclosure requirements and renewables portfolio standards, each rely on the ability to differentiate electricity by the ''attributes'' of the generation. Throughout North America, electricity markets are devising accounting and verification systems for generation ''attributes'': those characteristics of a power plant's production such as fuel source and emissions that differentiate it from undifferentiated (or ''commodity'') electricity. These accounting and verification systems are intended to verify compliance with market mandates, create accurate disclosure labels, substantiate green power claims, and support emissions markets. Simultaneously, interest is growing in transacting (importing or exporting) generation attributes across electricity market borders, with or without associated electricity. Cross-border renewable attribute transactions have advantages and disadvantages. Broad access to markets may encourage more renewable generation at lower cost, but this result may conflict with desires to assure that at least some renewable resources are built locally to achieve either local policy goals or purchaser objectives. This report is intended to serve as a resource document for those interested in and struggling with cross-border renewable attribute transactions. The report assesses the circumstances under which renewable generation attributes from a ''source'' region might be recognized in a ''sink'' region. The report identifies several distinct approaches that might be used to account for and verify attribute import and export transactions, and assesses the suitability of these alternative approaches. Because policymakers have often made systems ''compatibility'' between market areas a pre-requisite to allowing cross-border renewable transactions, this report develops criteria for ''compatible information systems.'' Where fully compatible information systems do not exist, certain cross-border attribute transactions may still be deemed suitably credible and verifiable to be recognized; this report also identifies possible criteria for such ''compatible transactions.'' The importance of credibly addressing imports and exports of renewable energy attributes should be evident. A lack of clarity as to what generation can and cannot be recognized in various markets can paralyze investment in and contracting for renewable generation. The development of rules for imports and exports will also minimize the potential for ''double counting'' of renewable energy attributes, will help define where and at what cost renewable plants will be built, and will directly impact the location of the benefits that renewable generation provides. This report ultimately concludes that the ''correct'' approach to treating renewable energy imports and exports depends on the context and motivations behind the transaction or the mandate, and that the presence of practical constraints or multiple objectives of ten make selecting the best approach difficult. That said, the report urges those creating market rules to move quickly in defining valid cross-border transaction structures and to consider the implications of their decisions on the creation of viable markets for new renewable generation.

Grace, Robert; Wiser, Ryan

2002-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

37

Transacting generation attributes across market boundaries: Compatible information systems and the treatment of imports and exports  

SciTech Connect

Voluntary markets for ''green'' power, and mandatory policies such as fuel source disclosure requirements and renewables portfolio standards, each rely on the ability to differentiate electricity by the ''attributes'' of the generation. Throughout North America, electricity markets are devising accounting and verification systems for generation ''attributes'': those characteristics of a power plant's production such as fuel source and emissions that differentiate it from undifferentiated (or ''commodity'') electricity. These accounting and verification systems are intended to verify compliance with market mandates, create accurate disclosure labels, substantiate green power claims, and support emissions markets. Simultaneously, interest is growing in transacting (importing or exporting) generation attributes across electricity market borders, with or without associated electricity. Cross-border renewable attribute transactions have advantages and disadvantages. Broad access to markets may encourage more renewable generation at lower cost, but this result may conflict with desires to assure that at least some renewable resources are built locally to achieve either local policy goals or purchaser objectives. This report is intended to serve as a resource document for those interested in and struggling with cross-border renewable attribute transactions. The report assesses the circumstances under which renewable generation attributes from a ''source'' region might be recognized in a ''sink'' region. The report identifies several distinct approaches that might be used to account for and verify attribute import and export transactions, and assesses the suitability of these alternative approaches. Because policymakers have often made systems ''compatibility'' between market areas a pre-requisite to allowing cross-border renewable transactions, this report develops criteria for ''compatible information systems.'' Where fully compatible information systems do not exist, certain cross-border attribute transactions may still be deemed suitably credible and verifiable to be recognized; this report also identifies possible criteria for such ''compatible transactions.'' The importance of credibly addressing imports and exports of renewable energy attributes should be evident. A lack of clarity as to what generation can and cannot be recognized in various markets can paralyze investment in and contracting for renewable generation. The development of rules for imports and exports will also minimize the potential for ''double counting'' of renewable energy attributes, will help define where and at what cost renewable plants will be built, and will directly impact the location of the benefits that renewable generation provides. This report ultimately concludes that the ''correct'' approach to treating renewable energy imports and exports depends on the context and motivations behind the transaction or the mandate, and that the presence of practical constraints or multiple objectives of ten make selecting the best approach difficult. That said, the report urges those creating market rules to move quickly in defining valid cross-border transaction structures and to consider the implications of their decisions on the creation of viable markets for new renewable generation.

Grace, Robert; Wiser, Ryan

2002-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

38

IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON SUSTAINABLE ENERGY, VOL. 4, NO. 3, JULY 2013 577 Optimal Operation of Plug-In Electric Vehicles in  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

storage with vehicle-to-grid (V2G) function may transfer power from or to the grid when the electric cars-In Electric Vehicles in Power Systems With High Wind Power Penetrations Weihao Hu, Member, IEEE, Chi Su in the power generation, which must be balanced by other sources. The battery storage-based Plug-In Electric

Bak-Jensen, Birgitte

39

GC GUIDANCE ON BARTER TRANSACTIONS INVOLVING DOE-OWNED URANIUM | Department  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

GC GUIDANCE ON BARTER TRANSACTIONS INVOLVING DOE-OWNED URANIUM GC GUIDANCE ON BARTER TRANSACTIONS INVOLVING DOE-OWNED URANIUM GC GUIDANCE ON BARTER TRANSACTIONS INVOLVING DOE-OWNED URANIUM The Department of Energy has on a variety of occasions engaged in transactions under which it bartered uranium to which it has title for goods or services . This guidance memorializes the results of analyses previously directed to individual proposed transactions . For the reasons discussed below, we conclude that the Atomic Energy Act of 1954' , as amended, (AEA), authorizes such barter transactions. GC GUIDANCE ON BARTER TRANSACTIONS INVOLVING DOE-OWNED URANIUM More Documents & Publications Leasing of Department of Energy Property Before the Senate Energy and Natural Resources Subcommittee on Energy EIS-0468: Final Environmental Impact Statement

40

A survey on the history of transaction management: from flat to grid transactions  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Transactions have been around since the Seventies to provide reliable information processing in automated information systems. Originally developed for simple `debit-credit' style database operations in centralized systems, they have moved into much ... Keywords: Grid transaction, Historic survey, Transaction management, Transaction model, Web services transaction, Workflow transaction

Ting Wang; Jochem Vonk; Benedikt Kratz; Paul Grefen

2008-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "direct electricity transactions" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


41

VOLTTRON Lite: Integration Platform for the Transactional Network  

SciTech Connect

In FY13, Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL) with funding from the Department of Energys (DOEs) Building Technologies Office (BTO) designed, prototyped and tested a transactional network platform. The platform is intended to support energy, operational and financial transactions between any networked entities (equipment, organizations, buildings, grid, etc.). Initially, in FY13, the concept demonstrated transactions between packaged rooftop units (RTUs) and the electric grid using applications or agents that reside on the platform, on the equipment, on local building controller or in the Cloud. This document describes the core of the transactional network platform, the Volttron Lite software and associated services hosted on the platform. Future enhancements are also discussed. The appendix of the document provides examples of how to use the various services hosted on the platform.

Haack, Jereme N.; Katipamula, Srinivas; Akyol, Bora A.; Lutes, Robert G.

2013-10-31T23:59:59.000Z

42

Students' understanding of direct current resistive electrical circuits Paula Vetter Engelhardta)  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

for the answer key as well as for the objectives. Both open- ended questions during the early development stagesStudents' understanding of direct current resistive electrical circuits Paula Vetter Engelhardta regarding direct current resistive electric circuits often differ from the accepted explanations. At present

Zollman, Dean

43

Sixth Northwest Conservation and Electric Power Plan Chapter 8: Direct Use of Natural Gas  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Sixth Northwest Conservation and Electric Power Plan Chapter 8: Direct Use of Natural Gas....................................................................... 1 Analysis of the Direct Use of Natural Gas for the Sixth Power Plan electricity to natural gas for residential space and water heating a lower-cost and lower-risk alternative

44

Instructional Transaction Theory - An Introduction  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Instructional transactions are instructional algorithms, patterns of learner interactions, usually far more complex than a single display and a single response, which have been designed to enable the learner to acquire a certain kind of knowledge or skill. Different kinds of knowledge and skill would require different kinds of transactions. The necessary set of these instructional transactions are designed and programmed once, like other computer applications such as spread sheets. They can then be used with different content topics as long as these topics are of a similar kind of knowledge or skill. A transaction shell is the structure of a transaction identifying the interactions, parameters, and knowledge representation needed for a given class of transactions. A transaction shell is a piece of computer code that, when delivered to a student via an appropriate delivery system, causes a transaction to occur. A transaction shell consists of two subsystems: an authoring environment and a delivery environment. The users of the authoring environment are subject matter experts and instructors; the users of the delivery environment are students. The authoring environment has a knowledge acquisition system and a transaction configuration system. The knowledge acquisition system queries a subject matter expert concerning the knowledge and skill required by the enterprise. This information is organized and stored in a knowledge base. The transaction configuration system enables the instructor, or designer, to provide values for a wide range of instructional parameters. These parameters control the nature of the interactions with the learner. Instructional parameters enable a given transaction shell to be customized for a particular student population, learning environment, ...

M. David Merrill; Zhongmin Li; Mark K. Jones

1990-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

45

IEEE Transaction on Power Apparatus and Systems, Vol. PAS-103, No. 7, July 1984 METHOD FOR EVALUATING HUMAN EXPOSURE TO 60 HZ ELECTRIC FIELDS  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

readout. It has been used in Sweden to compare measured exposures of substation workers to those based presents a method for evaluating human exposure to electric fields that is suitable for back- ground

Park, Seong-Ook

46

Malaysian food service organisations and transaction cost.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Portfolio includes: paper 1. Malaysian food service organisations and transaction cost: literature review paper 2. Malaysian food service organisations and transaction cost: comparative analysis (more)

Lok, Stanley Yap Peng.

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

47

Submitted to IEEE Transactions on Power Systems, Nov. 2007 1 Abstract--A key need facing the electric power industry is the  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

, The National Academies Press, Washington, DC, 2005. [4] S. M. Halpin, R. F. Halpin, R. L. King, "Impacting on the other hand, electrical engineering curricula aimed at K-12 students tends to focus on dc circuits, the applets run on the most popular operating systems, such as OS X, Windows, and Linux, without any extra

48

ConEd (Gas and Electric) - Small Business Direct Install Program...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

ConEd (Gas and Electric) - Small Business Direct Install Program (New York) No revision has been approved for this page. It is currently under review by our subject matter experts....

49

826 IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON POWER SYSTEMS, VOL. 17, NO. 3, AUGUST 2002 A CongestionManagement Allocation Mechanism  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

transaction for its usage of the network are also de- termined. We tested the proposed scheme on several disintegration of the well-entrenched vertically integrated structure of the electric industry. This regime has of transactions. In the new competitive electricity market environment, the transmission system takes on a common

Gross, George

50

Regulatory Commission (Commission) directs the North American Electric Reliability  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

submit to the Commission for approval proposed Reliability Standards that address the impact of geomagnetic disturbances (GMD) on the reliable operation of the Bulk-Power System. The Commission directs NERC to implement the directive in two stages. In the first stage, NERC must submit, within six months of the effective date of this Final Rule, one or more Reliability Standards that require owners and operators of the Bulk-Power System to develop and implement operational procedures to mitigate the effects of GMDs consistent with the reliable operation of the Bulk-Power System. In the second stage, NERC must submit, within 18 months of the effective date of this Final Rule, one or more Reliability Standards that require owners and operators of the Bulk-Power System to conduct initial and on-going assessments of the potential impact of benchmark GMDDocket No. RM12-22-000- 2-events on Bulk-Power System equipment and the Bulk-Power System as a whole. The Second Stage GMD Reliability Standards must identify benchmark GMD events that specify what severity GMD events a responsible entity must assess for potential impacts on the Bulk-Power System. If the assessments identify potential impacts from benchmark GMD events, the Reliability Standards should require owners and operators

Cfr Part

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

51

IEEE Transactions on Vehicular Technology CALL FOR PAPERS  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

convertors in hybrid, plug-in hybrid, fuel cell, and electric vehicles. We solicit original technical papersIEEE Transactions on Vehicular Technology CALL FOR PAPERS Special Section on "Advanced Modeling sharing and energy routing in smart parking Autonomous decentralized vehicle-to-grid charging strategies

Fang, Yuguang "Michael"

52

IEEE Transactions on Vehicular Technology CALL FOR PAPERS  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

convertors in hybrid, plug-in hybrid, fuel cell, and electric vehicles. We solicit original technical papersIEEE Transactions on Vehicular Technology CALL FOR PAPERS Special Section on "Advanced Modeling vehicle-to-grid charging strategies and communications standards · Virtual prototyping, real

Fang, Yuguang "Michael"

53

ConEd (Gas and Electric) - Small Business Direct Install Program (New York)  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

ConEd (Gas and Electric) - Small Business Direct Install Program ConEd (Gas and Electric) - Small Business Direct Install Program (New York) ConEd (Gas and Electric) - Small Business Direct Install Program (New York) < Back Eligibility Commercial Savings Category Other Appliances & Electronics Commercial Lighting Lighting Heating & Cooling Commercial Heating & Cooling Program Info State New York Program Type Utility Rebate Program Rebate Amount Energy Survey: Free Programmable Thermostat: Free Equipment Upgrades Identified in Energy Survey: Con Edison will pay up to 70% of the remaining cost directly to the contractor ConEd is providing free energy surveys to its small business customers. The survey will take 30 to 90 minutes and efficiency opportunities and associated costs will be presented on the spot. If the customer agrees to

54

Clustering JVMs with Software Transactional Memory Support Christos Kotselidis, Mikel Lujan, Mohammad Ansari, Konstantinos Malakasis,  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

in this direction, we propose the Anaconda framework as a research platform to investigate the role Transactional Memory (TM) can play in this domain. Anaconda is a software transactional memory framework that supports clustering of multiple off-the-shelf JVMs on commodity clusters. The main focus of Anaconda is to investigate

Singer, Jeremy

55

2012 Fuel Cycle Technologies Annual Review Meeting Transaction Report |  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Fuel Cycle Technologies Annual Review Meeting Transaction Fuel Cycle Technologies Annual Review Meeting Transaction Report 2012 Fuel Cycle Technologies Annual Review Meeting Transaction Report The United States must continue to ensure improvements and access to this technology so we can meet our economic, environmental and energy security goals. We rely on nuclear energy because it provides a consistent, reliable and stable source of base load electricity with an excellent safety record in the United States. In order to continue or expand the role for nuclear power in our long- term energy platform, the United States must: Continually improve the safety and security of nuclear energy and its associated technologies worldwide. Develop solutions for the transportation, storage, and long-term disposal of used nuclear fuel and associated wastes.

56

Kinetics of the direct electric heating of a stationary bed of activated charcoal  

SciTech Connect

Direct electric heating by passing an electrical current directly through a bed of adsorbent may prove to be an efficient means of regenerating activated charcoal in continuous and batch adsorption processes. Obvious advantages of this type of regeneration are its almost complete lack of inertia, which makes it possible to reduce the number and dimensions of the adsorbers, and its highly efficient use of energy due to the small number of steps in the conversion of the energy, as well as the reduction of heat losses involved in warming the structure and making up for losses to the surroundings. The authors consider the kinetics of direct electric heating of a stationary bed of activated charcoal not containing adsorbed substances.

Marfin, M.N.; Shumyatskii, Yu.I.

1987-08-20T23:59:59.000Z

57

17.1 - Interagency Acquisitions, Interagency Transactions, and Interagency Agreements  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

June 2012) June 2012) 1 Interagency Acquisitions, Interagency Transactions, and Interagency Agreements CONTENTS Guiding Principles  This chapter provides guidance on interagency acquisitions, interagency transactions and interagency agreements  In addition to interagency acquisitions authorized by the Economy Act, Federal Acquisition Regulation (FAR) 17.5 is revised to broaden the scope of coverage to address all Interagency Acquisitions to include orders over $500,000 issued against Federal Supply Schedules.  Determination of best procurement approach is required for an assisted acquisition or a direct acquisition. The analysis is different for these two determinations.  An assisted acquisition requires a written interagency agreement to include any agency unique

58

Advanced Transactions in Enterprise JavaBeans  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Enterprise JavaBeans (EJB) is a new technology that aims at supporting distributed transactional component-based applications written in Java. In recent years, a lot of new advanced software applications have arisen, which have new requirements for transaction ...

Marek Prochazka

2000-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

59

Transactional auto scaler: elastic scaling of in-memory transactional data grids  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this paper we introduce TAS (Transactional Auto Scaler), a system for automating elastic-scaling of in-memory transactional data grids, such as NoSQL data stores or Distributed Transactional Memories. Applications of TAS range from on-line self-optimization ... Keywords: analytical models, autonomic provisioning, distributed software transactional memory, performance evaluation

Diego Didona; Paolo Romano; Sebastiano Peluso; Francesco Quaglia

2012-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

60

Hardware model of a shipboard zonal electrical distribution system (ZEDS) : alternating current/direct current (AC/DC)  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A hardware model of a shipboard electrical distribution system based on aspects of the DDG 51 Flight IIA, Arleigh Burke class, 60Hz Alternating Current (AC) and the future direct current (DC), zonal electrical distribution ...

Tidd, Chad N. (Chad Norman)

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "direct electricity transactions" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


61

Optimization of direct drive induction motors for electric ship propulsion with high speed propellers  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Direct drive electric ship propulsion can offer increased flexibility and reduced overall fuel consumption compared to geared mechanical systems [Davis 1987, Doerry 2007]. As a well-established technology, induction motors are a dependable and economical ... Keywords: AC motors, induction motor drives, induction motors, thermal analysis

S. C. Englebretson; J. L. Kirtley, Jr; C. Chryssostomidis

2009-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

62

Electric power generating plant having direct-coupled steam and compressed-air cycles  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

An electric power generating plant is provided with a Compressed Air Energy Storage (CAES) system which is directly coupled to the steam cycle of the generating plant. The CAES system is charged by the steam boiler during off peak hours, and drives a separate generator during peak load hours. The steam boiler load is thereby levelized throughout an operating day.

Drost, M.K.

1981-01-07T23:59:59.000Z

63

Electric power generating plant having direct coupled steam and compressed air cycles  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

An electric power generating plant is provided with a Compressed Air Energy Storage (CAES) system which is directly coupled to the steam cycle of the generating plant. The CAES system is charged by the steam boiler during off peak hours, and drives a separate generator during peak load hours. The steam boiler load is thereby levelized throughout an operating day.

Drost, Monte K. (Richland, WA)

1982-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

64

Making Online Transactions More Secure and Convenient ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... nstic@nist.gov. Making Online Transactions More Secure and Convenient, Animation Transcript. Back to video. A blue simplified ...

65

The Natural Number of Forward Markets for Electricity  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

retailing firms trade wholesale electricity hour by hour fortrade through the exchange to avoid transaction costs. Inactive trading in the NYMEX electricity

Suenaga, Hiroaki; Williams, Jeffrey

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

66

Inertial confinement fusion with direct electric generation by magnetic flux comparession  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

A high-power-density laser-fusion-reactor concept in investigated in which directed kinetic enery imparted to a large mass of liquid lithium--in which the fusion target is centrally located--is maximized. In turn, this kinetic energy is converted directly to electricity with, potentially, very high efficiency by work done against a pulsed magnetic field applied exterior to the lithium. Because the concept maximizes the blanket thickness per unit volume of lithium, neutron-induced radioactivities in the reaction chamber wall can be many orders of magnitude less than is typical of D-T fusion reactor concepts.

Lasche, G.P.

1983-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

67

Direct optoelectronic generation and detection of sub-ps-electrical pulses on sub-mm-coaxial transmission lines  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

-mm-coaxial transmission lines Tae-In Jeona) and D. Grischkowskyb) School of Electrical and Computer Engineering, OklahomaDirect optoelectronic generation and detection of sub-ps-electrical pulses on sub efficient direct optoelectronic generation of sub-ps-THz pulses on 50 coaxial transmission lines with a 330

Oklahoma State University

68

Laser or charged-particle-beam fusion reactor with direct electric generation by magnetic flux compression  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A high-power-density-laser or charged-particle-beam fusion reactor system maximizes the directed kinetic energy imparted to a large mass of liquid lithium by a centrally located fusion target. A fusion target is embedded in a large mass of lithium, of sufficient radius to act as a tritium breeding blanket, and provided with ports for the access of beam energy to implode the target. The directed kinetic energy is converted directly to electricity with high efficiency by work done against a pulsed magnetic field applied exterior to the lithium. Because the system maximizes the blanket thickness per unit volume of lithium, neutron-induced radioactivities in the reaction chamber wall are several orders of magnitude less than is typical of other fusion reactor systems. 25 figs.

Lasche, G.P.

1987-02-20T23:59:59.000Z

69

Laser or charged-particle-beam fusion reactor with direct electric generation by magnetic flux compression  

SciTech Connect

A high-power-density laser or charged-particle-beam fusion reactor system maximizes the directed kinetic energy imparted to a large mass of liquid lithium by a centrally located fusion target. A fusion target is embedded in a large mass of lithium, of sufficient radius to act as a tritium breeding blanket, and provided with ports for the access of beam energy to implode the target. The directed kinetic energy is converted directly to electricity with high efficiency by work done against a pulsed magnetic field applied exterior to the lithium. Because the system maximizes the blanket thickness per unit volume of lithium, neutron-induced radioactivities in the reaction chamber wall are several orders of magnitude less than is typical of other fusion reactor systems.

Lasche, George P. (Arlington, VA)

1988-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

70

Electric Power annual 1996: Volume II  

SciTech Connect

This document presents a summary of electric power industry statistics. Data are included on electric utility retail sales of electricity, revenues, environmental information, power transactions, emissions, and demand-side management.

NONE

1997-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

71

An omni-directional design tool for series hybrid electric vehicle design  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

System level parametric design of hybrid electric vehicles involves estimation of the power ratings as well as the values of certain parameters of the components, given the values of the performance parameters. The design is based on certain mathematical equations or ?design rules?, which relate the component parameters and the performance parameters. The flow of the design algorithm is uni-directional and fixed, and cannot be altered. This thesis proposes a new method for such parametric design, called omni- directional design, which does not have a fixed sequence like the conventional design, but can start with any parameters of the designer?s choice. The designer is also able to specify the input parameters over a range, instead of a point (one, fixed value) input. Scenarios having a point input, but values of an output which can vary over a range for the point input, can also be studied.

Shidore, Neeraj Shripad

2003-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

72

Energy conversion apparatus for supplying variable voltage direct current power to an electrically propelled vehicle  

SciTech Connect

A synchronous machine, operable as both a motor and a generator, is mounted on an electrically powered vehicle, such as a mine shuttle car, and includes a plurality of conductors having connections that are detachably engagable with receptacles of a stationary power bank. Engagement of the conductors with the receptacles supplies variable voltage alternating current power to the machine. The machine is drivingly connected to a flywheel on the vehicle and, operating as a motor, energizes the flywheel to store a preselected amount of mechanical energy. The electrical connection between the vehicle and the power bank is opened after the flywheel has been sufficiently charged. The stored energy in the flywheel is then available to drive the machine as a generator and produce high frequency, three phase, alternating current power. The generated power is transmitted to a full wave silicon controlled rectifier that converts the alternating current power to direct current for powering the traction motors of the vehicle. A variable voltage controller is connected to the rectifier and actuates the rectifier to supply direct current at a selected voltage level. The controller is responsive to an operator foot pedal. By manually depressing the foot pedal to a selected position, the voltage level of the rectified current is controlled. Thus, the speed of the traction motors is adjustable topropel the vehicle at a speed within a given range. After a portion of the energy stored by the flywheel is consumed, the vehicle is returned to the power bank to replenish the energy supply.

Jamison, W.B.; Burr, J.F.

1976-09-07T23:59:59.000Z

73

Providing transactional properties for migrating workflows  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Current workflow management systems have several limitations that need to be addressed by the research community. This paper deals with two of them: the lack of flexibility necessary in a changing business environment, and the lack of transactional guarantees ... Keywords: migrating workflows, mobile environment, transactions, workflows

2004-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

74

Atomistic modeling of metal surfaces under electric fields: direct coupling of electric fields to a molecular dynamics algorithm  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The effect of electric fields on metal surfaces is fairly well studied, resulting in numerous analytical models developed to understand the mechanisms of ionization of surface atoms observed at very high electric fields, as well as the general behavior of a metal surface in this condition. However, the derivation of analytical models does not include explicitly the structural properties of metals, missing the link between the instantaneous effects owing to the applied field and the consequent response observed in the metal surface as a result of an extended application of an electric field. In the present work, we have developed a concurrent electrodynamicmolecular dynamic model for the dynamical simulation of an electric-field effect and subsequent modification of a metal surface in the framework of an atomistic molecular dynamics (MD) approach. The partial charge induced on the surface atoms by the electric field is assessed by applying the classical Gauss law. The electric forces acting on the partially...

Djurabekova, Flyura; Pohjonen, Aarne; Nordlund, Kai

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

75

Electricity reform abroad and US investment  

SciTech Connect

This report reviews and analyzes the recent electricity reforms in Argentina, Australia, and the United Kingdom (UK) to illustrate how different models of privatization and reform have worked in practice. This report also analyzes the motivations of the U.S. companies who have invested in the electricity industries in these countries, which have become the largest targets of U.S. foreign investment in electricity. Two calculations of foreign investment are used. One is the foreign direct investment series produced by the U.S. Department of Commerce. The other is based on transactions in electric utilities of the three countries. The electricity reform and privatization experiences reviewed may offer some insight as to how the U.S. electricity industry might develop as a result of recent domestic reform efforts and deregulation at the state and national levels. 126 refs., 23 figs., 27 tabs.

1997-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

76

Demand Response (transactional control) - Energy ...  

... periods for smart electric appliances and devices based on consumer preferences and real-time pricing signals from the electric ... Analysis Elect ...

77

Laser or charged-particle-beam fusion reactor with direct electric generation by magnetic flux compression  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

The invention is a laser or particle-beam-driven fusion reactor system which takes maximum advantage of both the very short pulsed nature of the energy release of inertial confinement fusion (ICF) and the very small volumes within which the thermonuclear burn takes place. The pulsed nature of ICF permits dynamic direct energy conversion schemes such as magnetohydrodynamic (MHD) generation and magnetic flux compression; the small volumes permit very compact blanket geometries. By fully exploiting these characteristics of ICF, it is possible to design a fusion reactor with exceptionally high power density, high net electric efficiency, and low neutron-induced radioactivity. The invention includes a compact blanket design and method and apparatus for obtaining energy utilizing the compact blanket.

Lasche, G.P.

1983-09-29T23:59:59.000Z

78

Composition of plastics from waste electrical and electronic equipment (WEEE) by direct sampling  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Highlights: Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer The article shows WEEE plastics characterization from a recycling unit in Portugal. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer The recycling unit has low machinery, with hand sorting of plastics elements. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Most common polymers are PS, ABS, PC/ABS, HIPS and PP. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Most plastics found have no identification of plastic type or flame retardants. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Ecodesign is still not practiced for EEE, with repercussions in end of life stage. - Abstract: This paper describes a direct analysis study carried out in a recycling unit for waste electrical and electronic equipment (WEEE) in Portugal to characterize the plastic constituents of WEEE. Approximately 3400 items, including cooling appliances, small WEEE, printers, copying equipment, central processing units, cathode ray tube (CRT) monitors and CRT televisions were characterized, with the analysis finding around 6000 kg of plastics with several polymer types. The most common polymers are polystyrene, acrylonitrile-butadiene-styrene, polycarbonate blends, high-impact polystyrene and polypropylene. Additives to darken color are common contaminants in these plastics when used in CRT televisions and small WEEE. These additives can make plastic identification difficult, along with missing polymer identification and flame retardant identification marks. These drawbacks contribute to the inefficiency of manual dismantling of WEEE, which is the typical recycling process in Portugal. The information found here can be used to set a baseline for the plastics recycling industry and provide information for ecodesign in electrical and electronic equipment production.

Martinho, Graca [Departamento de Ciencias e Engenharia do Ambiente, Faculdade de Ciencias e Tecnologia, Universidade Nova de Lisboa, Campus de Caparica, 2829-516 Caparica (Portugal); Pires, Ana, E-mail: ana.lourenco.pires@gmail.com [Departamento de Ciencias e Engenharia do Ambiente, Faculdade de Ciencias e Tecnologia, Universidade Nova de Lisboa, Campus de Caparica, 2829-516 Caparica (Portugal); Saraiva, Luanha; Ribeiro, Rita [Departamento de Ciencias e Engenharia do Ambiente, Faculdade de Ciencias e Tecnologia, Universidade Nova de Lisboa, Campus de Caparica, 2829-516 Caparica (Portugal)

2012-06-15T23:59:59.000Z

79

Electricity exchanges across international borders - 1982  

SciTech Connect

A summary is given of the amount of electricity imported to and exported from the US, as well as the respective costs and revenues. Total transactions are listed for each holder of one or more Presidential Permits. Permit holders are grouped by the regional reliability councils of the North American Electric Reliability Council. Transactions with Canada and Mexico are listed separately.

Not Available

1983-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

80

Interfacing remote transaction services using UPnP  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Transaction execution in mobile environments needs to be flexible, not only to support typical mobile computing characteristics, like movement, disconnections and limited resources, but also to support the variety of transactional properties that might ... Keywords: Middleware, Mobile computing, Transaction service discovery, Transactions, UPnP

Arne Ketil Eidsvik; Randi Karlsen; Gordon Blair; Paul Grace

2008-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "direct electricity transactions" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


81

Novel Direct Steelmaking by Combining Microwave, Electric Arc, and Exothermal Heating Technologies  

SciTech Connect

Steel is a basic material broadly used by perhaps every industry and individual. It is critical to our nation's economy and national security. Unfortunately, the American steel industry is losing competitiveness in the world steel production field. There is an urgent need to develop the next generation of steelmaking technology for the American steel industry. Direct steelmaking through the combination of microwave, electric arc, and exothermal heating is a revolutionary change from current steelmaking technology. This technology can produce molten steel directly from a shippable agglomerate, consisting of iron oxide fines, powdered coal, and ground limestone. This technology is projected to eliminate many current intermediate steelmaking steps including coking, pellet sintering, blast furnace (BF) ironmaking, and basic oxygen furnace (BOF) steelmaking. This technology has the potential to (a) save up to 45% of the energy consumed by conventional steelmaking; (b) dramatically reduce the emission of CO{sub 2}, SO{sub 2}, NO{sub x}, VOCs, fine particulates, and air toxics; (c) substantially reduce waste and emission control costs; (d) greatly lower capital cost; and (e) considerably reduce steel production costs. This technology is based on the unique capability of microwaves to rapidly heat steelmaking raw materials to elevated temperature, then rapidly reduce iron oxides to metal by volumetric heating. Microwave heating, augmented with electric arc and exothermal reactions, is capable of producing molten steel. This technology has the components necessary to establish the ''future'' domestic steel industry as a technology leader with a strong economically competitive position in world markets. The project goals were to assess the utilization of a new steelmaking technology for its potential to achieve better overall energy efficiency, minimize pollutants and wastes, lower capital and operating costs, and increase the competitiveness of the U.S. steel industry. The objectives associated with this goal were to (a) generate a solid base of technical, marketing, economic, and policy data, (b) develop energy, environmental, and economic targets, (c) more definitively assess opportunities and barriers, (d) accumulate knowledge and experience for defining direction for the next phase of development, and (e) promote learning and training of students.

Dr. Xiaodi Huang; Dr. J. Y. Hwang

2005-03-28T23:59:59.000Z

82

Dynamic Portfolio Optimization with Transaction Costs: Heuristics ...  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Aug 10, 2010 ... 1The special case with a quadratic utility and quadratic transaction costs and no portfolio .... The risk-free rate rf is assumed to be known.

83

Impact of motion along the field direction on geometric-phase-induced false electric dipole moment signals  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Geometric-phase-induced false electric dipole moment (EDM) signals, resulting from interference between magnetic field gradients and particle motion in electric fields, have been studied extensively in the literature, especially for neutron EDM experiments utilizing stored ultracold neutrons and co-magnetometer atoms. Previous studies have considered particle motion in the transverse plane perpendicular to the direction of the applied electric and magnetic fields. We show, via Monte Carlo studies, that motion along the field direction can impact the magnitude of this false EDM signal if the wall surfaces are rough such that the wall collisions can be modeled as diffuse, with the results dependent on the size of the storage cell's dimension along the field direction.

H. Yan; B. Plaster

2011-04-07T23:59:59.000Z

84

Converting a commercial electric direct-drive robot to operate from joint torque commands  

SciTech Connect

Many robot control algorithms for high performance in-contact operations including hybrid force/position, stiffness control and impedance control approaches require the command the joint torques. However, most commercially available robots do not provide joint torque command capabilities. The joint command at the user level is typically position or velocity and at the control developer level is voltage, current, or pulse-width, and the torque generated is a nonlinear function of the command and joint position. To enable the application of high performance in-contact control algorithms to commercially available robots, and thereby facilitate technology transfer from the robot control research community to commercial applications, an methodology has been developed to linearize the torque characteristics of electric motor-amplifier combinations. A four degree of freedom Adept 2 robot, having pulse-width modulation amplifiers and both variable reluctance and brushless DC motors, is converted to operate from joint torque commands to demonstrate the methodology. The commercial robot controller is replaced by a VME-based system incorporating special purpose hardware and firmware programmed from experimental data. The performance improvement is experimentally measured and graphically displayed using three-dimensional plots of torque vs command vs position. The average percentage torque deviation over the command and position ranges is reduced from as much as 76% to below 5% for the direct-drive joints 1, 2 and 4 and is cut by one half in the remaining ball-screw driven joint 3. Further, the torque deviation of the direct-drive joints drops below 2.5% if only the upper 90% of the torque range is considered. 23 refs., 20 figs., 2 tabs.

Muir, P.F.

1991-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

85

Direct Carbon Conversion: Application to the Efficient Conversion of Fossil Fuels to Electricity  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

We introduce a concept for efficient conversion of fossil fuels to electricity that entails the decomposition of fossil-derived hydrocarbons into carbon and hydrogen, and electrochemical conversion of these fuels in separate fuel cells. Carbon/air fuel cells have the advantages of near zero entropy change and associated heat production (allowing 100% theoretical conversion efficiency). The activities of the C fuel and CO{sub 2} product are invariant, allowing constant EMF and full utilization of fuel in single pass mode of operation. System efficiency estimates were conducted for several routes involving sequential extraction of a hydrocarbon from the fossil resource by (hydro) pyrolysis followed by thermal decomposition. The total energy conversion efficiencies of the processes were estimated to be (1) 80% for direct conversion of petroleum coke; (2) 67% HHV for CH{sub 4}; (3) 72% HHV for heavy oil (modeled using properties of decane); (4) 75.5% HHV (83% LHV) for natural gas conversion with a Rankine bottoming cycle for the H{sub 2} portion; and (5) 69% HHV for conversion of low rank coals and lignite through hydrogenation and pyrolysis of the CH{sub 4} intermediate. The cost of carbon fuel is roughly $7/GJ, based on the cost of the pyrolysis step in the industrial furnace black process. Cell hardware costs are estimated to be less than $500/kW.

Cooper, J F; Cherepy, N; Berry, G; Pasternak, A; Surles, T; Steinberg, M

2001-03-07T23:59:59.000Z

86

Current Status and Future Directions: A Matrix that Outlines the Direction of Incentive Regulation for US Electrics: An Approach to Recognizing Value in Retail Energy Businesses  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This report describes research into the current status and direction of incentive regulation for electric distribution companies across the United States. Researchers included interviews with the staff of the National Association of Regulatory Utility Commissioners (NARUC), as well as reviews of the NARUC database and other databases. The report explores where states are in their current implementation of performance-based regulation (PBR) / incentive regulation, and the extent to which states are aggres...

2000-11-06T23:59:59.000Z

87

50 IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON SMART GRID, VOL. 3, NO. 1, MARCH 2012 Coordinated Energy Cost Management of Distributed  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

on the electricity market price and have no influence on determining the price. #12;RAO et al.: COORDINATED ENERGY50 IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON SMART GRID, VOL. 3, NO. 1, MARCH 2012 Coordinated Energy Cost Management centers (IDCs) has been skyrocketing. While most existing research focuses on reducing electric energy

88

Parallelizing sequential applications on commodity hardware using a low-cost software transactional memory  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Multicore designs have emerged as the mainstream design paradigm for the microprocessor industry. Unfortunately, providing multiple cores does not directly translate into performance for most applications. The industry has already fallen short of the ... Keywords: automatic parallelization, loop level parallelism, profile-guided optimization, software transactional memory, thread-level speculation

Mojtaba Mehrara; Jeff Hao; Po-Chun Hsu; Scott Mahlke

2009-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

89

Recommended practice for fire protection for electric generating plants and high voltage direct current converter stations. 2005 ed.  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The standard outlines fire safety recommendations for gas, oil, coal, and alternative fuel electric generating plants including high voltage direct current converter stations and combustion turbine units greater than 7500 hp used for electric generation. Provisions apply to both new and existing plants. The document provides fire prevention and fire protection recommendations for the: safety of construction and operating personnel; physical integrity of plant components; and continuity of plant operations. The 2005 edition includes revisions and new art that clarify existing provisions. 5 annexes.

NONE

2005-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

90

Comprehensive Technical Report, General Electric Direct-Air-Cycle Aircraft Nuclear Propulsion Program, Program Summary and References  

SciTech Connect

This is one of twenty-one volumes sumarizing the Aircraft Nuclear Propulsion Program of the General Electric Company. This volume discusses the background to the General Electric program, and summarizes the various direct-air-cycle nuclear test assemblies and power plants that were developed. Because of the requirements of high performance, low weight, and small size, vast improvements in existing technology were required to meet the flight objectives. The technological progress achieved during the program is also summarized. The last appendix contains a compilation of the abstracts, tables of contents, and reference lists of the other twenty volumes.

Thornton, G.; Rothstein, A.J.

1962-06-28T23:59:59.000Z

91

Handcung Big Brother: An Abuse-Resilient Transaction Escrow Scheme  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of a transaction escrow scheme utilizing a simple and e?cient VRF family secure under the DDH assumption

Shmatikov, Vitaly

92

Electric  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Average Retail Price of Electricity to ... Period Residential Commercial Industrial ... or usage falling within specified limits by rate ...

93

Comparative Global Warming Impacts of Electric Vapor-Compression and Direct-fired Absorption Equipment  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This report compares the global warming impacts of electric vapor-compression and gas-fired absorption-cycle equipment for commercial cooling applications. Absorption chillers do not use ozone depleting refrigerants but substitution of alternative refrigerants in electrically driven vapor-compression cycle equipment also offers radically reduced or eliminated potential for stratospheric ozone depletion. Therefore, when comparing absorption-cycle and vapor-compression equipment, net global warming impacts...

1994-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

94

Advanced contention management for dynamic software transactional memory  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The obstruction-free Dynamic Software Transactional Memory (DSTM) system of Herlihy et al@. allows only one transaction at a time to acquire an object for writing. Should a second require an object currently in use, a contention manager must determine ... Keywords: contention management, obstruction-freedom, synchronization, transactional memory

William N. Scherer, III; Michael L. Scott

2005-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

95

Performance evaluation of Atomic Commit Protocols for mobile transactions  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The commitment of a distributed transaction is ensured with the use of an Atomic Commit Protocol (ACP). Due to their great importance for transaction systems, the recent advances in mobile computing development have renewed the interest in the ... Keywords: atomic commit protocols, mobile ACPs, mobile databases, mobile networks, mobile transaction processing, performance evaluation, simulation, wireless networks

Nadia Nouali-Taboudjemat; Lynda Boukantar; Habiba Drias

2007-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

96

A transactional flash file system for microcontrollers  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We present a transactional file system for flash memory devices. The file system is designed for embedded microcontrollers that use an on-chip or on-board NOR flash device as a persistent file store. The file system provides atomicity to arbitrary sequences ...

Eran Gal; Sivan Toledo

2005-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

97

System and method for secure group transactions  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A method and a secure system, processing on one or more computers, provides a way to control a group transaction. The invention uses group consensus access control and multiple distributed secure agents in a network environment. Each secure agent can organize with the other secure agents to form a secure distributed agent collective.

Goldsmith, Steven Y. (Rochester, MN)

2006-04-25T23:59:59.000Z

98

Foreign Direct Investment  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Investment Investment Foreign Direct Investment Foreign Direct Investment Foreign Direct Investment in U.S. Energy in U.S. Energy in U.S. Energy in U.S. Energy in 1999 in 1999 in 1999 in 1999 June 2001 ii iii Contents Foreign Affiliates' Role in U.S. Energy Industry Operations ..............................................................................1 Foreign Direct Investment: The International Transactions Accounts ..............................................................8 U.S. Companies' Direct Investment Abroad in Energy ......................................................................................14 Conclusion...............................................................................................................................................................19

99

Electricity  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Electricity is an essential part of modern life. The Energy Department is working to create technology solutions that will reduce our energy use and save Americans money.

100

128 IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON POWER DELIVERY, VOL. 18, NO. 1, JANUARY 2003 Experience With Return Voltage Measurements  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

, polarization, power transformer, transformer insulation. I. INTRODUCTION IN RECENT years, there has been power transformers within electric utilities are approaching the end of their design life. Many, perhaps128 IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON POWER DELIVERY, VOL. 18, NO. 1, JANUARY 2003 Experience With Return

Saha, Tapan Kumar

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "direct electricity transactions" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


101

1100 IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON INDUSTRIAL ELECTRONICS, VOL. 47, NO. 5, OCTOBER 2000 Oil Well Diagnosis by Sensing Terminal  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

instrumentation and can be used on any oil well with a pump driven by an induction motor. The quality of the oil to significant savings in electrical energy, which is required to pump the oil. Index Terms--Induction motor1100 IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON INDUSTRIAL ELECTRONICS, VOL. 47, NO. 5, OCTOBER 2000 Oil Well Diagnosis

Wilamowski, Bogdan Maciej

102

756 IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON SUSTAINABLE ENERGY, VOL. 4, NO. 3, JULY 2013 Minimization of Wind Farm Operational  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

756 IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON SUSTAINABLE ENERGY, VOL. 4, NO. 3, JULY 2013 Minimization of Wind Farm) of wind turbine at time , denoted as 0 or 1. Energy consumed by an idle wind turbine. Electricity spot, and Guanglin Xu Abstract--Scheduling a wind farm in the presence of uncertain wind speed conditions

Kusiak, Andrew

103

Direct participation of electrical loads in the California independent system operator markets during the Summer of 2000  

SciTech Connect

California's restructured electricity markets opened on 1 April 1998. The former investor-owned utilities were functionally divided into generation, transmission, and distribution activities, all of their gas-fired generating capacity was divested, and the retail market was opened to competition. To ensure that small customers shared in the expected benefit of lower prices, the enabling legislation mandated a 10% rate cut for all customers, which was implemented in a simplistic way that fossilized 1996 tariff structures. Rising fuel and environmental compliance costs, together with a reduced ability to import electricity, numerous plant outages, and exercise of market power by generators drove up wholesale electricity prices steeply in 2000, while retail tariffs remained unchanged. One of the distribution/supply companies entered bankruptcy in April 2001, and another was insolvent. During this period, two sets of interruptible load programs were in place, longstanding ones organized as special tariffs by the distribution/supply companies and hastily established ones run directly by the California Independent System Operator (CAISO). The distribution/supply company programs were effective at reducing load during the summer of 2000, but because of the high frequency of outages required by a system on the brink of failure, customer response declined and many left the tariff. The CAISO programs failed to attract enough participation to make a significant difference to the California supply demand imbalance. The poor performance of direct load participation in California's markets reinforces the argument for accurate pricing of electricity as a stimulus to energy efficiency investment and as a constraint on market volatility.

Marnay, Chris; Hamachi, Kristina S.; Khavkin, Mark; Siddiqui, Afzal S.

2001-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

104

Subject: DOE PERSONAL PROPERTY FOREIGN TRANSACTIONS  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

DOE PERSONAL PROPERTY FOREIGN TRANSACTIONS DOE PERSONAL PROPERTY FOREIGN TRANSACTIONS (Title Transfer, Loan, and Abandonment) References: Atomic Energy Act Sections 161g and 161j., Title 42 of the United States Code (U.S.C.) sections 2201g, and 22201j 42 U.S.C 16312 (Public Law 109-58, title IX, section 972, Aug. 8, 2005, 119 Stat. 899), 41 Code of Federal Regulations (CFR) 102-36.380-395, Federal Management Regulation (FMR) DOE Order 580.1, Department of Energy Personal Property Program 4.c(3) DOE Guide 580.1-1, Department of Energy Personal Property Management Guide Chapter 11.8 When is this Acquisition Letter (AL) Effective? This AL is effective immediately upon issuance. When Does This AL Expire? This AL remains in effect until superseded, or canceled. Guidance in this Acquisition Letter shall

105

Electric power annual 1995. Volume II  

SciTech Connect

This document summarizes pertinent statistics on various aspects of the U.S. electric power industry for the year and includes a graphic presentation. Data is included on electric utility retail sales and revenues, financial statistics, environmental statistics of electric utilities, demand-side management, electric power transactions, and non-utility power producers.

NONE

1996-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

106

Standardization of a Hierarchical Transactive Control System  

SciTech Connect

The authors describe work they have conducted toward the generalization and standardization of the transactive control approach that was first demonstrated in the Olympic Peninsula Project for the management of a transmission constraint. The newly generalized approach addresses several potential shortfalls of the prior approach: First, the authors have formalized a hierarchical node structure which defines the nodes and the functional signal pathways between these nodes. Second, by fully generalizing the inputs, outputs, and functional responsibilities of each node, the authors make the approach available to a much wider set of responsive assets and operational objectives. Third, the new, generalized approach defines transactive signals that include the predicted day-ahead future. This predictive feature allows the market-like bids and offers to become resolved iteratively over time, thus allowing the behaviors of responsive assets to be called upon both for the present and as future dispatch decisions are being made. The hierarchical transactive control approach is a key feature of a proposed Pacific Northwest smart grid demonstration.

Hammerstrom, Donald J.; Oliver, Terry V.; Melton, Ronald B.; Ambrosio, Ron

2010-12-03T23:59:59.000Z

107

TMS/ASM Joint Commission on Metallurgical Transactions  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

TMS/ASM Joint Commission on Metallurgical Transactions. The function of the Joint Commission is as follows: Consistent with the Purpose and Scope of...

108

Transaction Costs and Tradable Permit Markets: The United  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We econometrically estimate the effect of transaction costs on the cost-effectiveness of the tradable permit market created during the US lead phasedown. We develop a methodology to identify transaction costs in the absence of price data. We find that refineries generally trade efficiently. We also, however, find evidence that transaction costs affect trading. We find evidence that refineries are less likely to trade in cases where theory suggests they will face high transaction costs. The data were collected from 30 major oil companies and include the trading partners and quantities traded for all permit trades carried out by each of 87 refineries over 8 quarters. 2 1

Suzi Kerr; David Mar

1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

109

Electric Vehicles  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

government incentives or subsidies in the near future. Companies active in the electric automobile area There are no companies directly active in the electric automobile...

110

ELECTRIC  

Office of Legacy Management (LM)

ELECTRIC cdrtrokArJclaeT 3 I+ &i, y I &OF I*- j< t j,fci..- ir )(yiT E-li, ( -,v? Cl -p4.4 RESEARCH LABORATORIES EAST PITTSBURGH, PA. 8ay 22, 1947 Mr. J. Carrel Vrilson...

111

On the development of a multiple-compensation mechanism for business transactions  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Compensation is a widely used concept for maintaining atomicity in both the advanced transaction models and transactional workflow systems. Some Web service protocols also adopt the compensation mechanism for failure recovery when providing transaction ...

Zaihan Yang; Chengfei Liu

2006-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

112

Hybrid NOrec: a case study in the effectiveness of best effort hardware transactional memory  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Transactional memory (TM) is a promising synchronization mechanism for the next generation of multicore processors. Best-effort Hardware Transactional Memory (HTM) designs, such as Sun's prototype Rock processor and AMD's proposed Advanced Synchronization ... Keywords: transactional memory

Luke Dalessandro; Franois Carouge; Sean White; Yossi Lev; Mark Moir; Michael L. Scott; Michael F. Spear

2012-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

113

Direct electrochemical conversion of carbon: systems for efficient conversion of fossil fuels to electricity  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The direct electrochemical conversion of carbon involves discharge of suspensions of reactive carbon particles in a molten salt electrolyte against an oxygen (air) cathode. (Figure 1). The free energy and the enthalpy of the oxidation reaction are nearly identical. This allows theoretical efficiencies ({Delta}G(T)/{Delta}H) to approach 100% at temperatures from 500 to 800 C. Entropy heat losses are therefore negligible. The activities of the elemental carbon and of the carbon dioxide product are uniform throughout the fuel cell and constant over discharge time. This stabilizes cell EMF and allows full utilization of the carbon fuel in a single pass. Finally, the energy cost for pyrolysis of hydrocarbons is generally very low compared with that of steam reforming or water gas reactions. Direct electrochemical conversion of carbon might be compared with molten carbonate fuel cell using carbon rather than hydrogen. However, there are important differences. There is no hydrogen involved (except from trace water contamination). The mixture of molten carbonate and carbon is not highly flammable. The carbon is introduced in as a particulate, rather than as a high volume flow of hydrogen. At the relatively low rates of discharge (about 1 kA/m{sup 2}), the stoichiometric requirements for carbon dioxide by the cathodic reaction may be met by diffusion across the thin electrolyte gap. We report recent experimental work at LLNL using melt slurries of reactive carbons produced by the thermal decomposition of hydrocarbons. We have found that anodic reactivity of carbon in mixed carbonate melts depends strongly on form, structure and nano-scale disorder of the materials, which are fixed by the hydrocarbon starting material and the conditions of pyrolysis. Thus otherwise chemically pure carbons made by hydrocarbon pyrolysis show rates at fixed potentials that span an order of magnitude, while this range lies 1-2 orders of magnitude higher than the current density of graphite plate electrodes. One carbon materials was identified which delivered anode current densities of 1 kA/m{sup 2} at 0.8 V (i.e., 80% efficiency, based on the standard enthalpy of carbon/oxygen reaction, and assuming full conversion), which we believe to be sufficiently great to allow practical application in fuel cell arrays. Since the hydrocarbon starting materials are ''ash free,'' entrainment of ash into the melt is not limiting. Finally, the use of fine carbon particulates in slurries avoids cost and logistics of carbon electrode manufacture and distribution.

Cooper, J F; Cherepy, N; Krueger, R

2000-08-10T23:59:59.000Z

114

ELECTRIC  

Office of Legacy Management (LM)

ELECTRIC ELECTRIC cdrtrokArJclaeT 3 I+ &i, y$ \I &OF I*- j< t j,fci..- ir )(yiT !E-li, ( \-,v? Cl -p/4.4 RESEARCH LABORATORIES EAST PITTSBURGH, PA. 8ay 22, 1947 Mr. J. Carrel Vrilson General ?!!mager Atomic Qxzgy Commission 1901 Constitution Avenue Kashington, D. C. Dear Sir: In the course of OUT nuclenr research we are planning to study the enc:ri;y threshold anti cross section for fission. For thib program we require a s<>piAroted sample of metallic Uranium 258 of high purity. A quantity of at lezst 5 grams would probably be sufficient for our purpose, and this was included in our 3@icntion for license to the Atonic Energy Coskqission.. This license has been approved, 2nd rre would Llp!Jreciate informztion as to how to ?r*oceed to obtain thit: m2teria.l.

115

IEEE Transactions on Dielectrics and Electrical Insulation Vol ...  

Hjortstam, and R. Liu, "Effects of nanoparticle charging on streamer development in transformer oil-based nanofluids", J. Appl. Phys. Vol. 107, 014310, 2010.

116

Chapter 12 - Inter-Entity Transactions  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

12 12 INTER-ENTITY TRANSACTIONS 1. INTRODUCTION. a. Purpose. The chapter establishes the principles and procedures of financing and accounting for costs of work performed by one DOE office or site/facility management contractor for another, and sets forth the policy governing property transfers to and from Federal agencies. Specific accounts to be used for transfers are further identified in the Standard General Ledger Chart of Accounts and Related Codes. b. Applicability. The provisions of this chapter apply to all Departmental elements except the Federal Energy Regulatory Commission and the Power Marketing Administrations (referred to hereafter as "offices") and to all DOE site/facility management contractors (referred to hereafter as

117

Direct participation of electrical loads in the Californnia independent system operator markets during the Summer of 2000  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

element of customer electricity bills which was recoveringthe annual total of all electricity bills of all the states15% discount on their electricity bills by volunteering to

Marnay, Chris; Hamachi, Kristina S.; Khavkin, Mark; Siddiqui, Afzal S.

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

118

Market failures, consumer preferences, and transaction costs in energy efficiency purchase decisions  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Transaction Costs, Energy Efficiency and InstitutionalTransaction Costs in Energy Efficiency Purchase Decisionsof total project costs than energy efficiency projects.

Sathaye, Jayant; Murtishaw, Scott

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

119

Time series analysis of a Web search engine transaction log  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this paper, we use time series analysis to evaluate predictive scenarios using search engine transactional logs. Our goal is to develop models for the analysis of searchers' behaviors over time and investigate if time series analysis is a valid method ... Keywords: ARIMA, Box-Jenkins model, Search engine, Time series analysis, Transactional log

Ying Zhang; Bernard J. Jansen; Amanda Spink

2009-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

120

Transactional memories for multi-processor FPGA platforms  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Programming efficiency of heterogeneous concurrent systems is limited by the use of lock-based synchronization mechanisms. Transactional memories can greatly improve the programming efficiency of such systems. In field-programmable computing machines, ... Keywords: Multi-processor FPGAs, Transactional memories

Christoforos Kachris; Chidamber Kulkarni

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "direct electricity transactions" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


121

Using Hardware Memory Protection to Build a High-Performance, Strongly-Atomic Hybrid Transactional Memory  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We demonstrate how fine-grained memory protection can be used in support of transactional memory systems: first showing how a software transactional memory system (STM) can be made strongly atomic by using memory protection on transactionally-held state, ... Keywords: Transactional Memory, Hybrid, Memory Protection, Primitives, Abort Handler, Strong Atomicity

Lee Baugh; Naveen Neelakantam; Craig Zilles

2008-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

122

Electric trade in the United States, 1996  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Wholesale trade in electricity plays an important role for the US electric utility industry. Wholesale, or bulk power, transactions allow electric utilities to reduce power costs, increase power supply options, and improve reliability. In 1996, the wholesale trade market totaled 2.3 trillion kilowatthours, over 73% of total sales to ultimate consumers. This publication, Electric Trade in the United States 1996 (ELECTRA), is the sixth in a series of reports on wholesale power transactions prepared by the Office of Coal, Nuclear, Electric and Alternate Fuels, Energy Information Administration (EIA). The electric trade data are published biennially. The first report presented 1986 data, and this report provides information on the electric power industry during 1996. The electric trade data collected and presented in this report furnish important information on the wholesale structure found within the US electric power industry. The patterns of interutility trade in the report support analyses of wholesale power transactions and provide input for a broader understanding of bulk power market issues that define the emerging national electric energy policies. The report includes information on the quantity of power purchased, sold, exchanged, and wheeled; the geographical locations of transactions and ownership classes involved; and the revenues and costs. 1 fig., 43 tabs.

NONE

1998-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

123

Electronic OTC Trading in the German Wholesale Electricity Market  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Recent changes in the German energy policy initiated a deregulation process from a monopolistic to a competitive market, fundamentally changing the market structure, transaction relationships and trading processes. While the mutual exchange of electric ...

Stefan Strecker; Christof Weinhardt

2000-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

124

High temperature thermal conductivity measurements of UO/sub 2/ by Direct Electrical Heating. Final report. [MANTRA-III  

SciTech Connect

High temperature properties of reactor type UO/sub 2/ pellets were measured using a Direct Electrical Heating (DEH) Facility. Modifications to the experimental apparatus have been made so that successful and reproducible DEH runs may be carried out while protecting the pellets from oxidation at high temperature. X-ray diffraction measurements on the UO/sub 2/ pellets have been made before and after runs to assure that sample oxidation has not occurred. A computer code has been developed that will model the experiment using equations that describe physical properties of the material. This code allows these equations to be checked by comparing the model results to collected data. The thermal conductivity equation for UO/sub 2/ proposed by Weilbacher has been used for this analysis. By adjusting the empirical parameters in Weilbacher's equation, experimental data can be matched by the code. From the several runs analyzed, the resulting thermal conductivity equation is lambda = 1/4.79 + 0.0247T/ + 1.06 x 10/sup -3/ exp(-1.62/kT/) - 4410. exp(-3.71/kT/) where lambda is in w/cm K, k is the Boltzman constant, and T is the temperature in Kelvin.

Bassett, B

1980-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

125

Nature of Transactions (TI) Code | National Nuclear Security Administration  

National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

Nature of Transactions (TI) Code | National Nuclear Security Administration Nature of Transactions (TI) Code | National Nuclear Security Administration Our Mission Managing the Stockpile Preventing Proliferation Powering the Nuclear Navy Emergency Response Recapitalizing Our Infrastructure Continuing Management Reform Countering Nuclear Terrorism About Us Our Programs Our History Who We Are Our Leadership Our Locations Budget Our Operations Media Room Congressional Testimony Fact Sheets Newsletters Press Releases Speeches Events Social Media Video Gallery Photo Gallery NNSA Archive Federal Employment Apply for Our Jobs Our Jobs Working at NNSA Blog Nature of Transactions (TI) Code Home > About Us > Our Programs > Nuclear Security > Nuclear Materials Management & Safeguards System > NMMSS Information, Reports & Forms > Code Tables > Nature of Transactions (TI) Code

126

Definition: Interchange Transaction Tag Or Tag | Open Energy...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Transaction, Interchange References Glossary of Terms Used in Reliability Standards An i LikeLike UnlikeLike You like this.Sign Up to see what your friends like. nline...

127

Design tradeoffs in modern software transactional memory systems  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Software Transactional Memory (STM) is a generic non-blocking synchronization construct that enables automatic conversion of correct sequential objects into correct concurrent objects. Because it is nonblocking, STM avoids traditional performance and ...

Virendra J. Marathe; William N. Scherer; Michael L. Scott

2004-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

128

Early experience with a commercial hardware transactional memory implementation  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We report on our experience with the hardware transactional memory (HTM) feature of two revisions of a prototype multicore processor. Our experience includes a number of promising results using HTM to improve performance in a variety of contexts, and ...

Dave Dice; Yossi Lev; Mark Moir; Dan Nussbaum; Marek Olszewski

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

129

Discovery of characteristic patterns from transactions with their classes  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper deals with transactions with their classes. The classes represent the difference of conditions in the data collection. This paper redefines two kinds of supports: characteristic support and possible support. The former one is based on specific ...

Shigeaki Sakurai

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

130

CSP transactors for asynchronous transaction level modeling and IP reuse  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In synchronous circuit design, new levels of abstraction above RTL allow the designer to model, simulate, debug and explore various architectures more efficiently than before. These are known as transaction level modeling. The translation between signals ...

Lilian Janin; Doug Edwards

2007-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

131

Evaluation of capacity release transactions in the natural gas industry  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The purpose of this thesis is to analyze capacity release transactions in the natural gas industry and to state some preliminary conclusions about how the capacity release market is functioning. Given FERC's attempt to ...

Lautzenhiser, Stephen

1994-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

132

Safety Criteria for Isolated Direct Current Systems in Electric Vehicles: Traction Motor and Control Circuitry Under Charging and Driving Conditions  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This report explains some of the background of the requirements for isolated DC systems covered by the standard for personnel protection devices for electric vehicle charging circuits (UL2231). The report provides insight that is intended to help achieve better designs of electric vehicles and chargers.

1999-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

133

Towards a common European Electricity Market Paths in the right direction still far from an effective design 1  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This paper analyses the future organization of cross border trade in the European electricity market. The draft Regulation on Conditions for Access to the Network for Cross-Border Exchanges in Electricity issued in March 2001 by the European Commission together with related documents produced by the European association of Transmission System Operators (ETSO) and the Council of European Electricity Regulators (CEER) constitute the backbone of this analysis. The paper examines whether the economic principles contained in these documents suffice to design a working European electricity market and if not, what is missing. It concludes that these principles need to be completed by harder measures in order to induce the real integrated single market of electricity claimed by the Commission. In short, the principles may be necessary, but they are unlikely to be sufficient.

Jacqueline Boucher; Yves Smeers

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

134

Transactive Control and Coordination of Distributed Assets for Ancillary Services  

SciTech Connect

The need to diversify energy supplies, the need to mitigate energy-related environmental impact, and the entry of electric vehicles in large numbers present challenges and opportunities to power system professionals. Wind and solar power provide many benefits, and to reap the benefits the resulting increased variabilityforecasted as well as unforecastedshould be addressed. Demand resources are receiving increasing attention as one means of providing the grid balancing services. Control and coordination of a large number (~millions) of distributed smart grid assets requires innovative approaches. One such is transactive control and coordination (TC2)a distributed, agent-based incentive and control system. The TC2 paradigm is to create a market system with the following characteristics: Participation should be entirely voluntary. The participant decides at what price s/he is willing to participate. The bids and responses are automated. Such an approach has been developed and demonstrated by Pacific Northwest National Laboratory for energy markets. It is the purpose of this project to develop a similar approach for ancillary services. In this report, the following ancillary services are considered: spinning reserve ramping regulation. These services are to be provided by the following devices: refrigerators water heaters clothes dryers variable speed drives. The important results are summarized below: The regulation signal can be divided into an energy-neutral high frequency component and a low frequency component. The high frequency component is particularly well suited for demand resources. The low frequency component, which carries energy non-neutrality, can be handled by a combination of generators and demand resources. An explicit method for such a separation is obtained from an exponentially weighted moving average filter. Causal filters (i.e., filters that process only present and past values of a signal) introduce delays that can be issues in some signal processing applications that treat the high frequency part as a noise to be eliminated. For regulation, the high frequency component is an essential part of the signal. The delay in the low frequency component is not a problem. A stochastic self-dispatch algorithm determines the response of the devices to the regulation signal. In an ensemble of devices under normal operation, some devices turn on and some turn off in any time interval. Demand response necessitates turning off devices that would normally be on, or turning on devices that would normally be off. Over time, some of these would have turned off on their own. A formalism to determine expectation values under a combination of natural and forced attrition has been developed. This formalism provides a mechanism for accomplishing a desired power profile within a bid period. In particular, a method to minimize regulation requirement can be developed. The formulation provides valuable insights into control. Some ancillary servicesramping to absorb unforecasted increase in renewable generation, and regulation downrequire the demand resources to increase their energy use. Some resources such as HVAC systems can do this readily, whereas some others require enabling technology. Even without such technology, it is possible to arrange refrigerators and water heaters to have an energy debt and be ready to increase their energy use. A transactive bid mechanism of revolving debt can be developed for this purpose. Dramatic changes in control systems, architecture and markets are expected in the electrical grid. The technical capabilities of a large number of devices interacting with the grid are changing. While it is too early to describe complete solutions, TC2 has attractive features suitable for adapting to the changes. The analyses in this report and the activities planned for FY 14 and beyond are designed to facilitate this transition.

Subbarao, Krishnappa; Fuller, Jason C.; Kalsi, Karanjit; Somani, Abhishek; Pratt, Robert G.; Widergren, Steven E.; Chassin, David P.

2013-09-18T23:59:59.000Z

135

Electric trade in the United States 1990  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Electric Trade in the United States 1990 (ELECTRA) is the third in a series of reports on wholesale power transactions prepared by the Electric Data Systems Branch, Survey Management Division, Office of Coal, Nuclear, Electric and Alternate Fuels, Energy Information Administration (EIA). The electric trade data are published biennially. The first report presented 1986 data. The second report contained data for 1988. This report provides information on the industry during 1990.

Not Available

1992-12-23T23:59:59.000Z

136

Aerothermodynamics, Comprehensive Technical Report, Direct Air Cycle, General Electric's Air Craft Nuclear Propulsion Program  

SciTech Connect

This is one of twenty-one volumes summarizing the Aircraft Nuclear Propulsion Program of the General Electric Company. This volume summarizes the methods and techquies developed for use in the thermal design of nuclear reactors associated with that program.

Noyes, R.N.

1961-12-06T23:59:59.000Z

137

REACTOR AND SHIELD PHYSICS. Comprehensive Technical Report, General Electric Direct-Air-Cycle, Aircraft Nuclear Propulsion Program.  

SciTech Connect

This volume is one of twenty-one summarizing the Aircraft Nuclear Propulsion Program of the General Electric Company. This volume describes the experimental and theoretical work accomplished in the areas of reactor and shield physics.

Edwards, W.E.; Simpson, J.D.

1962-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

138

Electric trade in the United States 1994  

SciTech Connect

Wholesale trade in electricity plays an important role for the US electric utility industry. Wholesale, or bulk power, transactions allow electric utilities to reduce power costs, increase power supply options, and improve reliability. In 1994, the wholesale trade market totaled 1.9 trillion kilowatthours, about 66% of total sales to ultimate consumers. This publication, Electric Trade in the United States 1994 (ELECTRA), is the fifth in a series of reports on wholesale power transactions prepared by the Office of Coal, Nuclear, Electric and Alternate Fuels, Energy Information Administration (EIA). The electric trade data are published biennially. The first report presented 1986 data, and this report provides information on the electric power industry during 1994.

NONE

1998-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

139

Space weather and the electricity market: An initial assessment  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

that the electricity market places on the transmission of power, it would be surprising if these events did not haveSpace weather and the electricity market: An initial assessment Kevin F. Forbes Department electricity in ``real time'' and a day ahead market that allows participants to enter into transactions one

Schrijver, Karel

140

Compact, Interactive Electric Vehicle Charger: Gallium-Nitride Switch Technology for Bi-directional Battery-to-Grid Charger Applications  

SciTech Connect

ADEPT Project: HRL Laboratories is using gallium nitride (GaN) semiconductors to create battery chargers for electric vehicles (EVs) that are more compact and efficient than traditional EV chargers. Reducing the size and weight of the battery charger is important because it would help improve the overall performance of the EV. GaN semiconductors process electricity faster than the silicon semiconductors used in most conventional EV battery chargers. These high-speed semiconductors can be paired with lighter-weight electrical circuit components, which helps decrease the overall weight of the EV battery charger. HRL Laboratories is combining the performance advantages of GaN semiconductors with an innovative, interactive battery-to-grid energy distribution design. This design would support 2-way power flow, enabling EV battery chargers to not only draw energy from the power grid, but also store and feed energy back into it.

2010-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "direct electricity transactions" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


141

Electric trade in the United States 1992  

SciTech Connect

This publication, Electric Trade in the US 1992 (ELECTRA), is the fourth in a series of reports on wholesale power transactions prepared by the Electric Data Systems Branch, Survey Management Division, Office of Coal, Nuclear, Electric and Alternate Fuels, Energy Information Administration (EIA). The electric trade data are published biennially. The first report presented 1986 data, and this report provides information on the electric power industry during 1992. The electric trade data collected and presented in this report furnish important information on the wholesale structure found within the US electric power industry. The patterns of interutility trade in the report support analyses of wholesale power transactions and provide input for a broader understanding of bulk power market issues that define the emerging national electric energy policies. The report includes information on the quantity of power purchased, sold, exchanged, and wheeled; the geographical locations of transactions and ownership classes involved; and the revenues and costs. Information on the physical transmission system are being included for the first time in this publication. Transmission data covering investor-owned electric utilities were shifted from the Financial Statistics of Selected Investor-Owned Electric Utilities to the ELECTRA publication. Some of the prominent features of this year`s report include information and data not published before on transmission lines for publicly owned utilities and transmission lines added during 1992 by investor-owned electric utilities.

Not Available

1994-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

142

Electricity Market Design and Price Manipulation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Integration of physical transactions and financial contracts is central to successful electricity market design. Virtually every energy transaction has some impact on prices. The mere fact that a physical transaction can affect prices to some degree, and thereby influence the prices of related financial contracts, cannot be a per se definition of price manipulation. A principled policy for characterizing price manipulation in organized electricity markets includes a stand-alone profitability test. Multiple market-clearing prices arise from degenerate pricing conditions that can occur in electricity markets under economic dispatch. In some instances, small changes in bilateral schedules can produce large changes in prices. These prices affect the value of associated financial transmission rights. A stand-alone profitability test distinguishes transactions that are consistent with workably competitive markets from transactions that serve no economic purpose other than to manipulate prices and profit from other financial contracts. Generalizing this standard to the degenerate conditions that give rise to multiple market-clearing prices provides a principled solution without undermining the market-design foundations that integrate economic dispatch, locational prices and financial transmission rights.

William W. Hogan; William W. Hogan I

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

143

Method and apparatus for managing transactions with connected computers  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

The present invention provides a method and apparatus that make use of existing computer and communication resources and that reduce the errors and delays common to complex transactions such as international shipping. The present invention comprises an agent-based collaborative work environment that assists geographically distributed commercial and government users in the management of complex transactions such as the transshipment of goods across the U.S.-Mexico border. Software agents can mediate the creation, validation and secure sharing of shipment information and regulatory documentation over the Internet, using the World-Wide Web to interface with human users.

Goldsmith, Steven Y. (Albuquerque, NM); Phillips, Laurence R. (Corrales, NM); Spires, Shannon V. (Albuquerque, NM)

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

144

Direct measurement of the cross-shock electric potential at low plasma $?$, quasi-perpendicular bow shocks  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We use the Cluster EFW experiment to measure the cross-shock electric field at ten low $\\beta$, quasi-perpendicular supercritical bow shock crossings on March 31, 2001. The electric field data are Lorentz-tranformed to a Normal Incidence frame (NIF), in which the incoming solar wind velocity is aligned with the shock normal. In a boundary normal coordinate system, the cross-shock (normal) electric field is integrated to obtain the cross shock potential. Using this technique, we measure the cross-shock potential at each of the four Cluster satellites and using an electric field profile averaged between the four satellites. Typical values are in the range 500-2500 volts. The cross-shock potential measurements are compared with the ion kinetic energy change across the shock. The cross-shock potential is measured to be from 23 to 236% of the ion energy change, with large variations between the four Cluster spacecraft at the same shock. These results indicate that solar wind flow through the shock is likely to be variable in time and space and resulting structure of the shock is therefore nonstationary.

S. D. Bale; F. S. Mozer; V. V. Krasnoselskikh

2008-09-15T23:59:59.000Z

145

Comprehensive Technical Report, General Electric Direct-Air-Cycle Aircraft Nuclear Propulsion Program; Aircraft Nuclear Propulsion Application Studies  

SciTech Connect

This volume is one of twenty-one summarizing the Aircraft Nuclear Propulsion Program of the General Electric Company. This portion describes the studies of advanced applications of nuclear reactors that were performed, including various types of aircraft, missiles, space vehicles, ships, and portable power plants.

Comassar, S.

1962-04-30T23:59:59.000Z

146

Towards secure multi-sited transactional revision control systems  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Version control systems play a very important role in maintaining the revision history of software and facilitating software evolution. As the software development process is gradually taking the form of a collaborative effort among several teams hosted ... Keywords: Configuration management, Security, Transaction processing, Version control

Junxing Zhang; Indrajit Ray

2007-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

147

Collateral requirements for virtual transactions on the NYISO  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The New York ISO's proposed tariff revisions for establishing collateral for virtual transactions offers several benefits but is burdened by a serious shortcoming: it neglects recent shifts in supply and demand that will affect the premium. The author weighs the existing and proposed methods and also considers two alternatives. (author)

Hadsell, Lester

2007-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

148

A mixed transaction processing and operational reporting benchmark  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The importance of reporting is ever increasing in today's fast-paced market environments and the availability of up-to-date information for reporting has become indispensable. Current reporting systems are separated from the online transaction processing ... Keywords: Benchmarking, Mixed workload, OLTP, Operational reporting

Anja Bog; Hasso Plattner; Alexander Zeier

2011-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

149

Mining Skewed and Sparse Transaction Data for Personalized Shopping Recommendation  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A good shopping recommender system can boost sales in a retailer store. To provide accurate recommendation, the recommender needs to accurately predict a customer's preference, an ability difficult to acquire. Conventional data mining techniques, such ... Keywords: collaborative filtering, graphical models, shopping recommendation, transaction data, user profiles

Chun-Nan Hsu; Hao-Hsiang Chung; Han-Shen Huang

2004-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

150

ASHRAE Transactions: Research 107 Commercial buildings and institutions are generally  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

ASHRAE Transactions: Research 107 ABSTRACT Commercial buildings and institutions are generally. Chiasson Jeffrey D. Spitler, Ph.D., P.E. Student Member ASHRAE Member ASHRAE Simon J. Rees, Ph.D. Marvin D. Smith, P.E. Member ASHRAE Andrew D. Chiasson is a research assistant, Jeffrey D. Spitler is a professor

151

Multi Agent Transactional Negotiation: Application to E-marketing  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We propose a multi-agent transactional paradigm based on object-based rule systems for realising distributed agent negotiation protocols in E-marketing. The construction of the protocol is carried out in two stages: first expressing a program into an ...

Venu K. Murthy; R. Abeydeera

2002-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

152

The case for hardware transactional memory in software packet processing  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Software packet processing is becoming more important to enable differentiated and rapidly-evolving network services. With increasing numbers of programmable processor and accelerator cores per network node, it is a challenge to support sharing and synchronization ... Keywords: packet processing, transactional memory

Martin Labrecque; J. Gregory Steffan

2010-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

153

Broadcasting Consistent Data to Read-Only Transactions from Mobile Clients  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In this paper, we study the data inconsistency problem in data broadcast to mobile transactions. While data items in a mobile computing system are being broadcast, update transactions may install new values for the data items. If the executions of update transactions and broadcast of data items are interleaved without any control, the transactions generated by mobile clients, called mobile transactions, may observe inconsistent data values. In this paper, we propose a new protocol, called Update-First with Order (UFO), for concurrency control between read-only mobile transactions and update transactions. We show that although the protocol is simple, all the schedules are serializable when the UFO protocol is applied. Furthermore, the new protocol possesses many desirable properties for mobile computing systems such as the mobile transactions do not need to set any lock before they read a data item from the "air" and the protocol can be applied to different broadcast algorithms. Its performance has been investigated with extensive simulation experiment. The results show that the protocol can maximize the freshness of the data items provided to mobile transactions and the broadcast overhead is not heavy especially when the arrival rate of the update transactions is not very high.

Kam-yiu Lam; Mei-Wai Au; Edward Chan

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

154

Electric trade in the United States 1990. [Contains glossary  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Electric Trade in the United States 1990 (ELECTRA) is the third in a series of reports on wholesale power transactions prepared by the Electric Data Systems Branch, Survey Management Division, Office of Coal, Nuclear, Electric and Alternate Fuels, Energy Information Administration (EIA). The electric trade data are published biennially. The first report presented 1986 data. The second report contained data for 1988. This report provides information on the industry during 1990.

Not Available

1992-12-23T23:59:59.000Z

155

Resilient data staging through MxN distributed transactions.  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Scientific computing-driven discoveries are frequently driven from workflows that use persistent storage as a staging area for data between operations. With the bad and progressively worse bandwidth vs. data size issues as we continue towards exascale, eliminating persistent storage through techniques like data staging will both enable these workflows to continue online, but also enable more interactive workflows reducing the time to scientific discoveries. Data staging has shown to be an effective way for applications running on high-end computing platforms to offload expensive I/O operations and to manage the tremendous amounts of data they produce. This data staging approach, however, lacks the ACID style guarantees traditional straight-to-disk methods provide. Distributed transactions are a proven way to add ACID properties to data movements, however distributed transactions follow 1xN data movement semantics, where our highly parallel HPC environments employ MxN data movement semantics. In this paper we present a novel protocol that extends distributed transaction terminology to include MxN semantics which allows our data staging areas to benefit from ACID properties. We show that with our protocol we can provide resilient data staging with a limited performance penalty over current data staging implementations.

Schwan, Karsten (Georgia Institute of Technology, Atlanta, GA); Oldfield, Ron A.; Lofstead, Gerald Fredrick, II; Dayal, Jai (Georgia Institute of Technology, Atlanta, GA)

2011-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

156

Electric power annual 1992  

SciTech Connect

The Electric Power Annual presents a summary of electric utility statistics at national, regional and State levels. The objective of the publication is to provide industry decisionmakers, government policymakers, analysts and the general public with historical data that may be used in understanding US electricity markets. The Electric Power Annual is prepared by the Survey Management Division; Office of Coal, Nuclear, Electric and Alternate Fuels; Energy Information Administration (EIA); US Department of Energy. ``The US Electric Power Industry at a Glance`` section presents a profile of the electric power industry ownership and performance, and a review of key statistics for the year. Subsequent sections present data on generating capability, including proposed capability additions; net generation; fossil-fuel statistics; retail sales; revenue; financial statistics; environmental statistics; electric power transactions; demand-side management; and nonutility power producers. In addition, the appendices provide supplemental data on major disturbances and unusual occurrences in US electricity power systems. Each section contains related text and tables and refers the reader to the appropriate publication that contains more detailed data on the subject matter. Monetary values in this publication are expressed in nominal terms.

Not Available

1994-01-06T23:59:59.000Z

157

APPLICATION OF MICROECONOMIC METRICS IN COMPETITIVE ELECTRICITY Pedro Correia and George Gross  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

for managing the grid usage. The commercial transactions take place using the electric network or grid, a factAPPLICATION OF MICROECONOMIC METRICS IN COMPETITIVE ELECTRICITY MARKETS Pedro Correia and George Gross Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering University of Illinois at Urbana

Gross, George

158

Transaction-Cost Economic Analysis of Institutional Change toward Design-Build Contracts for Public Transportation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Sum of Transaction and Production Costs27 Washingtonstransaction costs). Production costs and schedules are easyambiguous. In theory, production costs reflect prices on the

Whittington, Jan; Dowall, David E.

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

159

BioCTS for AN-2011: NIEM XML Encoded Transactions User ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... are available at the time of this writing at the ... The Batch Test tab will display the transaction's overall ... results are displayed in the pane to the right. ...

2013-08-02T23:59:59.000Z

160

Arbitrage Free Models In Markets With Transaction Costs  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In \\cite{Gua} the notion of stickiness for stochastic processes was introduced. It was also shown that stickiness implies absense of arbitrage in a market with proportional transaction costs. In this paper, we investigate the notion of stickiness further. In particular, we show that stickiness is invariant under composition with continuous functions. We also prove a time change result on stickiness. As an application we provide sufficient conditions for continuous semimartingales to be sticky (A counter example show that not all semi-martingales are sticky). As a result, our paper provides an extended class of stochastic processes that are consistent with the no arbitrage property in a market with friction.

Bayraktar, Erhan

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "direct electricity transactions" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


161

PolyCert: polymorphic self-optimizing replication for in-memory transactional grids  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In-memory NoSQL transactional data grids are emerging as an attractive alternative to conventional relational distributed databases. In these platforms, replication plays a role of paramount importance, as it represents the key mechanism to ensure data ... Keywords: atomic broadcast, autonomic computing, machine learning, replication, transactional systems

Maria Couceiro; Paolo Romano; Luis Rodrigues

2011-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

162

Transaction-based authentication and key agreement protocol for inter-domain VoIP  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We present an authentication and key agreement protocol to secure Voice over IP call establishment between interconnection proxies of different domains. The protocol operates on a transaction basis. Each transaction is defined as the set of operations ... Keywords: Authentication, DDoS Protection, Inter-domain VoIP, Synchronisation, VoIP security

Patrick Battistello; Joaquin Garcia-Alfaro; Cyril DelTr

2012-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

163

A Transaction Cost Perspective of the "Software as a Service" Business Model  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Application service providers (ASP), which host and maintain information technology (IT) applications across the Internet, offer an alternative to traditional models of IT service for user firms. We build on prior literature in transaction cost economics ... Keywords: Application Service Providers, Contract Choice, Logit Models, Transaction Cost Economics

Anjana Susarla; Anitesh Barua; Andrew Whinston

2009-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

164

ASHRAE Transactions: Research 3 A steady-state simulation model for a water-to-water  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

ASHRAE Transactions: Research 3 ABSTRACT A steady-state simulation model for a water Jeffrey D. Spitler, Ph.D., P.E. Student Member ASHRAE Member ASHRAE Hui Jin is a graduate student-Conditioning Engineers, Inc. (www.ashrae.org). Published in ASHRAE Transactions 2002, Vol 108, P

165

Managing versions of web documents in a transaction-time web server  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper presents a transaction-time HTTP server, called TTApache that supports document versioning. A document often consists of a main file formatted in HTML or XML and several included files such as images and stylesheets. A change to any of the ... Keywords: observant system, transaction time, versioning

Curtis E. Dyreson; Hui-ling Lin; Yingxia Wang

2004-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

166

Call for Papers IEEE Transactions on Vehicular Technology  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

and energy conservation are growing concerns, the development of electric vehicles (EV) and hybrid vehicles in vehicular technology (electric, hybrid electric, fuel cell and plug-in hybrid electric vehicle powertrains and Fault Accommodation in Electric and Hybrid Propulsion Systems In a world where environment protection

Fang, Yuguang "Michael"

167

Electrical engineering Electricity  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

generation Transmission Distribution · Electrical generators · Electric motors · High voltage engineering associated with the systems Electrical engineering · Electric power generation Transmission Distribution The electricity transported to load locations from a power station transmission subsystem The transmission system

?nay, Devrim

168

Electronic OTC Trading in the German Wholesale Electricity Market  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Abstract. Recent changes in the German energy policy initiated a deregulation process from a monopolistic to a competitive market, fundamentally changing the market structure, transaction relationships and trading processes. While the mutual exchange of electric energy has been a business activity between vertically integrated utilities for a long time, wholesale electricity trading in an open market only recently started to gain momentum. Electricity becomes a commodity traded at power exchanges and off-exchange on over the counter (OTC) markets. In Germany, the wholesale electricity market is dominated by OTC trading. Trading in OTC markets is usually performed via telephone and facsimile which leads to a limited price transparency, a limited liquidity, an ex ante restricted number of potential market partners and, last but not least, substantial transaction costs. Market participants are therefore searching for new trading mechanisms to circumvent the problems of the current trading processes. The electronization of trading activities promises to reduce the disadvantages of current OTC trading processes through the automation of tasks within the transaction chain. In this context, electronic markets for electricity trading are coordination mechanisms for the market exchange of electricity and electricity derivatives, i. e., a virtual market place where supply and demand meet and trade. An important feature of electronic markets is an automated dynamic pricing which is currently not supported by electronic markets available for electricity trading in the German wholesale market. A concept for an Electronic Electricity Trading System is therefore proposed with a main focus on automated price discovery.

Stefan Strecker; Christof Weinhardt

2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

169

IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON PARALLEL AND DISTRIBUTED SYSTEMS 1 EPPA: An Efficient and Privacy-Preserving  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

to smart grid operation center, data aggregation is performed directly on ciphertext at local gateways be matched by the power supply and transmission capacity in the electric power grid. While swift advances electricity distribution. Modernizing the aging power system is currently a strategic plan in many countries

Shen, Xuemin "Sherman"

170

A Bayesian Learning Model in the Agent-based Bilateral Negotiation between the Coal Producers and Electric Power Generators  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The reform of Chinas coal sector has changed the traditional relationship of the coal producers and electric power generators, and now most of the coal the coal producers sell to the generators is transacted through electric coal bilateral contracts, ... Keywords: Electric price, Agent, Bayesian Learning

Mingwen Zhang; Zhongfu Tan; Jianbao Zhao; Li Li

2008-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

171

Buying Clean Electricity | Department of Energy  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Buying Clean Electricity Buying Clean Electricity July 2, 2012 - 8:21pm Addthis You have the option to purchase renewable electricity, either directly from your power supplier,...

172

Electricity, Resources, & Building Systems Integration Distributed Energy Publications  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Consulting Services, LLC; Brett Oakleaf, Xcel Energy; Kenneth Wolf, Minnesota Public Utilities CommissionElectricity, Resources, & Building Systems Integration Center Distributed Energy Publications 2005 for a single phase high frequency AC microgrid, S. Chakraborty, M.D. Weiss and M.G. Simoes, IEEE Transaction

173

Directed reflectivity, long life AMTEC condenser (DRC). Final report of Phase II SBIR program[Alkali Metal ThermoElectric Converter  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The Alkali Metal Thermal to Electric Converter (AMTEC) is a static energy conversion device that operates at high thermal to electric conversion efficiencies that are essentially independent of size, have reached 19% and are expected to reach 25% to 30% in 1997. AMTEC systems have been chosen by NASA and DOE for spacecraft applications and have considerable promise for a wide variety of terrestrial applications. Reduction of parasitic heat losses in AMTEC systems related to radiative heat transfer from the hot side to the condenser can make a substantial contribution to system efficiency. Through design, analysis and the fabrication and testing of cells and systems, the proposed program to develop a Directed Reflectivity Condenser (DRC) has investigated the feasibility of an improved AMTEC condenser component. Phase 1 work showed the potential for adding from 4% to 7% to overall system efficiency for identical operating conditions using the concept. A detailed thermal analysis of several DRC capped cell designs was carried out and some of the conditions under which a DRC, used as the condenser at an end cap of a cylindrical converter, can reduce thermal radiation related losses were determined. A model experimental converter was built and tested to compare DRC and planar condenser surfaces. The results of both analysis and experiment indicate that for moderate aspect ratios of a cylindrical, end condensed converter, the DRC can reduce overall thermal losses by up to 4%. The initial effort in Phase 2 extended the analysis to a novel 150 watt radial AMTEC cell design. This analysis indicated that for the effective aspect ratio of this new converter design, the system performance at the 100+ watt level was not significantly improved by use of a DRC type condenser surface. Further analyses however showed that for cylindrical, end-condensed converters, optimized for use with internal radiation shields, the use of DRC surfaces on the side walls of the converter could be more effective than on the condenser end surface itself. The experimental work in Phase 2 was intended to incorporate a DRC into this cell design and use its measured performance to refine the state-of-the-art AMTEC analytical models. Because the analysis had indicated that the new radial converter design, which may be useful for systems at the {approx} 100 watt level was not much assisted by the DRC properties, this program was redirected toward the simpler cylindrical converter design with the corner cube surfaces on the side walls. The Phase II program was proposed and planned with a funding level substantially below the maximum potentially available for Phase II programs at that time. At the time, there were two other funded government sponsored programs at AMPS for which positive results of the analyses described in this report were expected to lead to incorporation of the DRC concept into converters scheduled to be built for these programs. The programs of interest were the Air Force program titled ''Radiation Tolerant, Eclipse Compatible, Solar AMTEC System'' (F29601-99-C-0132) and the DOE/NASA Advanced Radioisotope Power System (ARPS) program. Shortly after its start, the Air Force program was canceled due to elimination of AF SBIR funds at AFRL and the ARPS program was reduced to a level that could not support introduction of novel concept testing. As a result of these two circumstances, the direct testing of the DRC concept in a full up converter was not completed in the Phase II period.

Hunt, Thomas K.

2001-09-10T23:59:59.000Z

174

A tool for automated resource consumption profiling of distributed transactions  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Abstract. In this paper, we present a tool, called Autoprofiler, that automates the discovery of resource consumption by transactions on distributed systems. Such information is required as input to performance analysis tools, which may be used for capacity planning, for rearchitecting a distributed system, or to identify potential bottlenecks. Deriving this information using existing tools is a tedious and error prone process. In contrast, our tool requires minimal human intervention, and brings down the time required to profile complex distributed systems to a few minutes. It does this by co-ordinating the process of load generation and server resource profiling. Our tool also works with a Java profiler, called LiteJava Profiler, which we have built, to fully automate the process of resource consumption discovery for J2EE servers. 1

B. Nagaprabhanjan; Varsha Apte

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

175

Intellectual Property (IP) Service Providers for Acquisition and Assistance Transactions  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Service Providers for Acquisition Service Providers for Acquisition and Assistance Transactions Headquarters IP Counsel, GC-62, Paul Gottlieb, 202-586-2802 Carlsbad: GC-62 Richland Operations and Office of River Protection: Berkeley Area Office IP Counsel, Gary Drew, 510- 486-6703 Chicago Office: Chicago IP Counsel, Mark Dvorscak, 630-252- 2393 Idaho Operations: Chicago IP Counsel SWAPA, WAPA: Chicago IP Counsel Rocky Flats Field Office: Chicago IP Counsel Yucca Mountain: Chicago IP Counsel acting through Berkeley Area Office IP Counsel, Gary Drew, 510-486- 6703 Golden Field Office: Golden IP Counsel, Julia Moody, 303-275-4867 National Energy Technology Laboratory: NETL IP Counsel, Lisa Baker, 304-285-4555 NNSA Service Center Including Amarillo and KC: NNSA Service Center IP Counsel, Jim Durkis, 505-845-5172

176

Application of direct-fitting, mass-integral, and multi-ratemethods to analysis of flowing fluid electric conductivity logs fromHoronobe, Japan  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The flowing fluid electric conductivity (FFEC) loggingmethod is an efficient way to provide information on the depths,salinities, and transmissivities of individual conductive featuresintercepted by a borehole, without the use of specialized probes. Usingit in a multiple-flow-rate mode allows, in addition, an estimate of theinherent "far-field" pressure heads in each of the conductive features.The multi-rate method was successfully applied to a 500-m borehole in agranitic formation and reported recently. The present paper presents theapplication of the method to two zones within a 1000-m borehole insedimentary rock, which produced, for each zone, three sets of logs atdifferent pumping rates, each set measured over a period of about oneday. The data sets involve a number of complications, such as variablewell diameter, free water table decline in the well, and effects ofdrilling mud. To analyze data from this borehole, we apply varioustechniques that have been developed for analyzing FFEC logs:direct-fitting, mass-integral, and the multi-rate method mentioned above.In spite of complications associated with the tests, analysis of the datais able to identify 44 hydraulically conducting fractures distributedover the depth interval 150-775 meters below ground surface. Thesalinities (in FEC), and transmissivities and pressure heads (indimensionless form) of these 44 features are obtained and found to varysignificantly among one another. These results are compared with datafrom eight packer tests with packer intervals of 10-80 m, which wereconducted in this borehole over the same depth interval. They are foundto be consistent with these independent packer-test data, thusdemonstrating the robustness of the FFEC logging method under non-idealconditions.

Doughty, C.; Tsang, C.-F.; Hatanaka, K.; Yabuuchi, S.; Kurikami, H.

2007-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

177

ELECTRICAL & COMPUTER ENGINEERING  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of a combined PSS and active damping controller for a DFIG." IEEE Transactions on Power Systems, vol. 25, pp

Major, Arkady

178

Electric power annual 1997. Volume 2  

SciTech Connect

The Electric Power Annual 1997, Volume 2 contains annual summary statistics at national, regional, and state levels for the electric power industry, including information on both electric utilities and nonutility power producers. Included are data for electric utility retail sales of electricity, associated revenue, and average revenue per kilowatthour of electricity sold; financial statistics; environmental statistics; power transactions; and demand-side management. Also included are data for US nonutility power producers on installed capacity; gross generation; emissions; and supply and disposition of energy. The objective of the publication is to provide industry decisionmakers, government policymakers, analysts, and the general public with historical data that may be used in understanding US electricity markets. 15 figs., 62 tabs.

NONE

1998-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

179

Designing electricity transmission auctions  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The UK has ambitious plans for exploiting offshore wind for electricity production in order to meet its challenging target under the EU Renewable Energy Directive. This could involve investing up to 20bn in transmission assets to bring electricity...

Greve, Thomas; Pollitt, Michael G.

2012-10-26T23:59:59.000Z

180

Synchronization and recovery in an embedded database system for read-only transactions  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Transactions within an embedded database management system face many restrictions. These can not afford unlimited delays or participate in multiple retry attempts for execution. The proposed embedded concurrency control (ECC) techniques provide support ...

Subhash Bhalla; Masaki Hasegawa

2005-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "direct electricity transactions" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


181

The Value Effect of Crude Oil Derivatives Transactions by Oil Producers  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Previous studies show that crude oil is negatively correlated with stocks but has almost the same rate of return as stocks, and so adding crude oil into a portfolio with equities can provide significant diversification benefits for the portfolio. Given the diversification benefit of crude oil mixed with equities, we examine the value effect of crude oil derivatives transactions by oil and gas producers. Differing from traditional corporate risk management literature, this study examines corporate derivatives transactions from the shareholders diversification perspective. The results show that crude oil derivatives transactions by oil and gas producers do impact value. If oil and gas producing companies stop shorting crude oil derivatives contracts, company stock prices increase significantly. In contrast, if oil and gas producing companies initiate short positions in crude oil derivatives contracts, stock prices drop marginally significantly. Thus, hedging by producers is not necessarily good. Transaction limitation is shown to be one of the possible sources of the value effect of corporate derivatives

John W. Kensinger; Eric C. Lin; Helen Xu

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

182

Technical memorandum on analysis of the EU ETS using the community independent transaction log  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This memorandum provides an overview of three deficiencies within the current presentation of the Community Independent Transaction Log (CITL) data that have implications for researchers' ability to accurately analyze the ...

McGuinness, Meghan

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

183

Traders' collective portfolio optimization with transaction costs: towards microscopic validation of agent-based models  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Despite the availability of very detailed data on financial market, agent-based modeling is hindered by the lack of information about real-trader behavior. This makes it impossible to validate agent-based models, which are thus reverse-engineering attempts. This work is a contribution to the building of a set of stylized facts about the traders themselves. Using the client database of Swissquote Bank SA, we find that the transaction cost structure determines on average to a large extend the relationship between the mean turnover per transaction of an investor and his mean wealth. A simple extension of CAPM that includes variable transaction costs is able to reproduce qualitatively the observed behaviors. We argue that this shows the collective ability of a population to construct a mean-variance portfolio that takes into account transaction costs.

de Lachapelle, David Morton

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

184

Configuring and scheduling an eager-writing disk array for a transaction processing workload  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Transaction processing applications such as those exemplified by the TPC-C benchmark are among the most demanding I/O applications for conventional storage systems. Two complementary techniques exist to improve the performance of these systems. Eager-writing ...

Chi Zhang; Xiang Yu; Arvind Krishnamurthy; Randolph Y. Wang

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

185

Analysing the WAP class 2 wireless transaction protocol using coloured Petri nets  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Coloured Petri nets (CPNs) are used to specify and analyse the Class 2 Wireless Transaction Protocol (WTP). The protocol provides a reliable request/response service to the Session layer in the Wireless Application Protocol (WAP) architecture. When only ...

Steven Gordon; Jonathan Billington

2000-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

186

DOE Issues Guidance for "Other Transactions" | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Guidance for "Other Transactions" Guidance for "Other Transactions" DOE Issues Guidance for "Other Transactions" November 15, 2005 - 12:42pm Addthis Provides Opportunity for Increased Industry Research Partnerships WASHINGTON, DC - On November 7, 2005, the Department of Energy (DOE) issued an interim final rule for the establishment of policies and procedures for a new "other transaction" authority. This authority allows DOE to remove barriers to commercial firms' participation in some of DOE's research programs, thus increasing opportunities for government-industry partnerships and private sector investment in the advancement of new technology. "This authority will increase and diversify the types of companies collaborating with the Department of Energy on scientific research,"

187

Growth Optimal Portfolio Selection Under Proportional Transaction Costs with Obligatory Diversification  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A continuous time long run growth optimal or optimal logarithmic utility portfolio with proportional transaction costs consisting of a fixed proportional cost and a cost proportional to the volume of transaction is considered. The asset prices are modeled as exponent of diffusion with jumps whose parameters depend on a finite state Markov process of economic factors. An obligatory portfolio diversification is introduced, accordingly to which it is required to invest at least a fixed small portion of our wealth in each asset.

Duncan, T., E-mail: duncan@math.ku.edu; Pasik Duncan, B., E-mail: bozenna@math.ku.ed [University of Kansas, Department of Mathematics (United States); Stettner, L., E-mail: stettner@impan.gov.p [Institute of Mathematics Polish Acad. Sci. (Poland)

2011-02-15T23:59:59.000Z

188

Electric retail market options: The customer perspective  

SciTech Connect

This report describes various options that are now available for retail electric customers, or that may become available during the next few years as the electric utility industry restructures. These options include different ways of meeting demand for energy services, different providers of service or points of contact with providers, and different pricing structures for purchased services. Purpose of this document is to examine these options from the customer`s perspective: how might being a retail electric customer in 5--10 years differ from now? Seizing opportunities to reduce cost of electric service is likely to entail working with different service providers; thus, transaction costs are involved. Some of the options considered are speculative. Some transitional options include relocation, customer-built/operated transmission lines, municipalization, self-generation, and long-term contracts with suppliers. All these may change or diminish in a restructured industry. Brokers seem likely to become more common unless restructuring takes the form of mandatory poolcos (wholesale). Some options appear robust, ie, they are likely to become more common regardless of how restructuring is accomplished: increased competition among energy carriers (gas vs electric), real-time pricing, etc. This report identified some of the qualitative differences among the various options. For customers using large amounts of electricity, different alternatives are likely to affect greatly service price, transaction costs, tailoring service to customer preferences, and risks for customer. For retail customers using small amounts of electricity, there may be little difference among the options except service price.

Hadley, S.W.; Hillsman, E.L.

1995-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

189

Electric Power Annual 2004  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Energy Information Administration/Electric Power Annual 2004 iii Contacts Questions regarding this report may be directed to: Energy Information Administration, EI-53

190

Energy Basics: Geothermal Electricity Production  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Energy Basics Renewable Energy Printable Version Share this resource Biomass Geothermal Direct Use Electricity Production Geothermal Resources Hydrogen Hydropower Ocean...

191

What Scientific Applications can Benefit from Hardware Transactional Memory?  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Achieving efficient and correct synchronization of multiple threads is a difficult and error-prone task at small scale and, as we march towards extreme scale computing, will be even more challenging when the resulting application is supposed to utilize millions of cores efficiently. Transactional Memory (TM) is a promising technique to ease the burden on the programmer, but only recently has become available on commercial hardware in the new Blue Gene/Q system and hence the real benefit for realistic applications has not been studied, yet. This paper presents the first performance results of TM embedded into OpenMP on a prototype system of BG/Q and characterizes code properties that will likely lead to benefits when augmented with TM primitives. We first, study the influence of thread count, environment variables and memory layout on TM performance and identify code properties that will yield performance gains with TM. Second, we evaluate the combination of OpenMP with multiple synchronization primitives on top of MPI to determine suitable task to thread ratios per node. Finally, we condense our findings into a set of best practices. These are applied to a Monte Carlo Benchmark and a Smoothed Particle Hydrodynamics method. In both cases an optimized TM version, executed with 64 threads on one node, outperforms a simple TM implementation. MCB with optimized TM yields a speedup of 27.45 over baseline.

Schindewolf, M; Bihari, B; Gyllenhaal, J; Schulz, M; Wang, A; Karl, W

2012-06-04T23:59:59.000Z

192

Portland General Electric Company Pilot Evaluation and  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

the billing software were omitted, and there is no factor for free riders. The analysis assumed that all, 2004 DIRECT LOAD CONTROL PILOT FOR ELECTRIC WATER HEAT #12;1 PGE Direct Load Control Pilot for Electric direct load control pilot for electric water heat, called "Direct Load Control Pilot for Electric Water

193

Method and system to directly produce electrical power within the lithium blanket region of a magnetically confined, deuterium-tritium (DT) fueled, thermonuclear fusion reactor  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A method for integrating liquid metal magnetohydrodynamic power generation with fusion blanket technology to produce electrical power from a thermonuclear fusion reactor located within a confining magnetic field and within a toroidal structure. A hot liquid metal flows from a liquid metal blanket region into a pump duct of an electromagnetic pump which moves the liquid metal to a mixer where a gas of predetermined pressure is mixed with the pressurized liquid metal to form a Froth mixture. Electrical power is generated by flowing the Froth mixture between electrodes in a generator duct. When the Froth mixture exits the generator the gas is separated from the liquid metal and both are recycled.

Woolley, Robert D. (Belle Mead, NJ)

1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

194

Method and System to Directly Produce Electrical Power within the Lithium Blanket Region of a Magnetically Confined, Deuterium-Tritium (DT) Fueled, Thermonuclear Fusion Reactor  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A method for integrating liquid metal magnetohydrodynamic power generation with fusion blanket technology to produce electrical power from a thermonuclear fusion reactor located within a confining magnetic field and within a toroidal structure. A hot liquid metal flows from a liquid metal blanket region into a pump duct of an electromagnetic pump which moves the liquid metal to a mixer where a gas of predetermined pressure is mixed with the pressurized liquid metal to form a Froth mixture. Electrical power is generated by flowing the Froth mixture between electrodes in a generator duct. When the Froth mixture exits the generator the gas is separated from the liquid metal and both are recycled.

Woolley, Robert D.

1998-09-22T23:59:59.000Z

195

An Integrated Electric Power Supply Chain and Fuel Market Network Framework: Theoretical Modeling with Empirical Analysis for New England  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

with fuel supply markets that captures both the economic network transactions in energy supply chains markets to quantify the interactions in electric power/energy supply chains and their effects on flows% of domestic primary energy [17, 18]. Currently, the electric power industry in the US is undergoing

Nagurney, Anna

196

Electricity exchanges across international borders - 1983  

SciTech Connect

This report summarizes the electricity exchanges between the US and Mexico and Canada during calendar year 1983. The construction, operation and maintenance of any electric transmission facility which crosses an international border of the United States requires a Presidential Permit. These permits have been granted by the Department of Energy (DOE) since its formation in 1977. Between 1953 and 1977, these permits were issued by the former Federal Power Commission. Prior to 1953, they were issued by the President of the United States. Presidential Permits require that an annual report be filed by the permit holder detailing all transactions with the foreign country.

Not Available

1984-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

197

Bi-Directional Fast Charging Study Report  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

and software infrastructure needed to demonstrate the possibility of utilizing battery power in plug-in hybrid electric vehicles and electric vehicles with a bi-directional...

198

Results of Electric Survey in the Area of Hawaii Geothermal Test Well HGP-A  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Electric Survey in the Area of Hawaii Geothermal Test Well HGP-A Electric Survey in the Area of Hawaii Geothermal Test Well HGP-A Jump to: navigation, search OpenEI Reference LibraryAdd to library Journal Article: Results of Electric Survey in the Area of Hawaii Geothermal Test Well HGP-A Abstract N/A Authors James Kauahikaua and Douglas Klein Published Journal Geothermal Resources Council, TRANSACTIONS, 1978 DOI Not Provided Check for DOI availability: http://crossref.org Online Internet link for Results of Electric Survey in the Area of Hawaii Geothermal Test Well HGP-A Citation James Kauahikaua,Douglas Klein. 1978. Results of Electric Survey in the Area of Hawaii Geothermal Test Well HGP-A. Geothermal Resources Council, TRANSACTIONS. 2:363-366. Retrieved from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=Results_of_Electric_Survey_in_the_Area_of_Hawaii_Geothermal_Test_Well_HGP-A&oldid=682499

199

Electric power annual 1989. [Contains glossary  

SciTech Connect

This publication presents a summary of electric utility statistics at the national, regional and state levels. The Industry At A Glance'' section presents a profile of the electric power industry ownership and performance; a review of key statistics for the year; and projections for various aspects of the electric power industry through 2010. Subsequent sections present data on generating capability, including proposed capability additions; net generation; fossil-fuel statistics; electricity sales, revenue and average revenue per kilowatthour sold; financial statistics; environmental statistics; and electric power transactions. In addition, the appendices provide supplemental data on major disturbances and unusual occurrences. Each section contains related text and tables and refers the reader to the appropriate publication that contains more detailed data on the subject matter. 24 figs., 57 tabs.

Not Available

1991-01-17T23:59:59.000Z

200

Electric power annual 1989. [Contains glossary  

SciTech Connect

This publication presents a summary of electric utility statistics at the national, regional and state levels. The Industry At A Glance'' section presents a profile of the electric power industry ownership and performance; a review of key statistics for the year; and projections for various aspects of the electric power industry through 2010. Subsequent sections present data on generating capability, including proposed capability additions; net generation; fossil-fuel statistics; electricity sales, revenue and average revenue per kilowatthour sold; financial statistics; environmental statistics; and electric power transactions. In addition, the appendices provide supplemental data on major disturbances and unusual occurrences. Each section contains related text and tables and refers the reader to the appropriate publication that contains more detailed data on the subject matter. 24 figs., 57 tabs.

1991-01-17T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "direct electricity transactions" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


201

Texas Electric Lighting Report  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

electric lighting electric lighting The SNAP House's lighting design aims for elegant simplicity in concept, use, and maintenance. Throughout the house, soft, ambient light is juxtaposed with bright, direct task lighting. All ambient and most task lighting is integrated directly into the architectural design of the house. An accent light wall between the bedroom and bathroom provides a glowing light for nighttime navigation.

202

The Effect of Transaction Costs on Greenhouse Gas Emission Mitigation for Agriculture and Forestry  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Climate change and its mitigation is rapidly becoming an item of social concern. Climate change mitigation involves reduction of atmospheric greenhouse gas concentrations through emissions reduction and or sequestration enhancement (collectively called offsets). Many have asked how agriculture and forestry can participate in mitigation efforts. Given that over 80 percent of greenhouse gas emissions arise from the energy sector, the role of agriculture and forestry depends critically on the costs of the offsets they can achieve in comparison with offset costs elsewhere in the economy. A number of researchers have examined the relative offset costs but have generally looked only at producer level costs. However there are also costs incurred when implementing, selling and conveying offset credits to a buyer. Also when commodities are involved like bioenergy feedstocks, the costs of readying these for use in implementing an offset strategy need to be reflected. This generally involves the broadly defined category of transaction costs. This dissertation examines the possible effects of transactions costs and storage costs for bioenergy commodities and how they affect the agriculture and forestry portfolio of mitigation strategies across a range of carbon dioxide equivalent prices. The model is used to simulate the effects with and without transactions and storage costs. Using an agriculture and forestry sector model called FASOMGHG, the dissertation finds that consideration of transactions and storage costs reduces the agricultural contribution total mitigation and changes the desirable portfolio of alternatives. In terms of the portfolio, transactions costs inclusion diminishes the desirability of soil sequestration and forest management while increasing the bioenergy and afforestation role. Storage costs diminish the bioenergy role and favor forest and sequestration items. The results of this study illustrate that transactions and storage costs are important considerations in policy and market design when addressing the reduction of greenhouse gas concentrations in climate change related decision making.

Kim, Seong Woo

2011-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

203

462 IEEE/ACM TRANSACTIONS ON NETWORKING, VOL. 13, NO. 3, JUNE 2005 Tussle in Cyberspace: Defining Tomorrow's Internet  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

462 IEEE/ACM TRANSACTIONS ON NETWORKING, VOL. 13, NO. 3, JUNE 2005 Tussle in Cyberspace: Defining on Manuscript received October 7, 2002; revised June 4, 2004; approved by IEEE/ACM TRANSACTIONS ON NETWORKING (DARPA) and the Air Force Research Laboratory, Air Force Materiel Command, USAF, under agreement number F

Nissenbaum, Helen

204

IEEE/ACM TRANSACTIONS ON NETWORKING, VOL. 5, NO. 4, AUGUST 1997 543 Study of Delay Jitter With and  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

IEEE/ACM TRANSACTIONS ON NETWORKING, VOL. 5, NO. 4, AUGUST 1997 543 Study of Delay Jitter and January 28, 1997; approved by IEEE/ACM TRANSACTIONS ON NETWORKING Editor D. Mitra. This work was supported by the Advanced Research Projects Agency under Grant F49620-93-1-0564 monitored by the Air Force Office

Stavrakakis, Ioannis

205

IEEE/ACM TRANSACTIONS ON NETWORKING, VOL. 12, NO. 4, AUGUST 2004 595 Independent Zone Routing: An Adaptive Hybrid  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

IEEE/ACM TRANSACTIONS ON NETWORKING, VOL. 12, NO. 4, AUGUST 2004 595 Independent Zone Routing received August 3, 2002; revised July 10, 2003; approved by IEEE/ACM TRANSACTIONS ON NETWORKING Editor N, this is in contradiction with the fact that all updates in the wireless communication en- vironment travel over the air

Haas, Zygmunt J.

206

592 IEEE/ACM TRANSACTIONS ON NETWORKING, VOL. 11, NO. 4, AUGUST 2003 Fair Scheduling With Tunable Latency  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

592 IEEE/ACM TRANSACTIONS ON NETWORKING, VOL. 11, NO. 4, AUGUST 2003 Fair Scheduling With Tunable in ATM networks, time-slot scheduling on wireless links as in GPRS air interface, etc. A credit received February 22, 2000; approved by IEEE/ACM TRANSACTIONS ON NETWORKING Editor T. V. Lakshman

Madhow, Upamanyu

207

IEEE/ACM TRANSACTIONS ON NETWORKING, VOL. 14, NO. 1, FEBRUARY 2006 27 A New Networking Model for Biological Applications  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

IEEE/ACM TRANSACTIONS ON NETWORKING, VOL. 14, NO. 1, FEBRUARY 2006 27 A New Networking Model received February 5, 2004; revised December 29, 2004; approved by IEEE/ACM TRANSACTIONS ON NETWORKING administered by the Air Force Office of Scientific Research under Grant F49620-02-1-0233. This work is based

Haas, Zygmunt J.

208

912 IEEE/ACM TRANSACTIONS ON NETWORKING, VOL. 17, NO. 3, JUNE 2009 EnergyRobustness Tradeoff in Cellular  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

912 IEEE/ACM TRANSACTIONS ON NETWORKING, VOL. 17, NO. 3, JUNE 2009 Energy­Robustness Tradeoff; approved by IEEE/ACM TRANSACTIONS ON NETWORKING Editor S. Borst. First published October 03, 2008; current NSF CCF-0448012 and NSF CNS-0720570, the Air Force Office of Scientific Research under AFOSR FA9550

Chiang, Mung

209

IEEE/ACM TRANSACTIONS ON NETWORKING, VOL. 5, NO. 6, DECEMBER 1997 741 RCBR: A Simple and Efficient Service  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

IEEE/ACM TRANSACTIONS ON NETWORKING, VOL. 5, NO. 6, DECEMBER 1997 741 RCBR: A Simple and Efficient; revised August 18, 1997; approved by IEEE/ACM TRANSACTIONS ON NETWORKING Editor S. Floyd. This work was supported in part by France Telecom/CNET, by the Air Force Office of Scientific Research (AFOSR) under Grant

Tse, David

210

ASHRAE Transactions, Vol. 107 (2) 2001 This work was supported by Hydro Aluminum and the Assistant Secretary for Energy Efficiency and Renewable  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

LBNL-46825 TA-442 ASHRAE Transactions, Vol. 107 (2) 2001 This work was supported by Hydro Aluminum Contract No. DE-AC03-76SF00098. Reprinted by permission from ASHRAE Transactions Vol. 107, Part 2, pp 538 IS FOR DISCUSSION PURPOSES ONLY, FOR INCLUSION IN ASHRAE TRANSACTIONS 2001, V. 107, Pt. 2. Not to be reprinted

211

Electricity & Energy Reliability (WFP) | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Electricity & Energy Reliability (WFP) Electricity & Energy Reliability (WFP) The purpose of the workforce Plan is to provide focus and direction to Human Resources (HR) strategy....

212

Directional Reactive Power Ground Plane Transmission  

Directional Reactive Power Ground Plane Transmission Technology Summary ... The invention can transmit electrical power through the surface of the ...

213

Transactions of the fourth symposium on space nuclear power systems  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

This paper contains the presented papers at the fourth symposium on space nuclear power systems. Topics of these papers include: space nuclear missions and applications, reactors and shielding, nuclear electric and nuclear propulsion, refractory alloys and high-temperature materials, instrumentation and control, energy conversion and storage, space nuclear fuels, thermal management, nuclear safety, simulation and modeling, and multimegawatt system concepts. (LSP)

El-Genk, M.S.; Hoover, M.D. (eds.)

1987-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

214

Transactions of the fifth symposium on space nuclear power systems  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper contains the presented papers at the fourth symposium on space nuclear power systems. Topics of these paper include: space nuclear missions and applications, reactors and shielding, nuclear electric and nuclear propulsion, high-temperature materials, instrumentation and control, energy conversion and storage, space nuclear fuels, thermal management, nuclear safety, simulation and modeling, and multimegawatt system concepts. (LSP)

El-Genk, M.S.; Hoover, M.D. (eds.)

1988-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

215

IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON SMART GRID CALL FOR PAPERS  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

and communication technology (ICT) allow greater A smart Grid interlink demand Smart building Building integrated PV grid. People and goods in a smart city will be transported by vehicles running either on electricity, development and demonstration of smart grids should be extended with projects aimed at smart cities. 11 R

Guan, Yongpei

216

On the (Dis)similarity of Transactional Memory Workloads Clay Hughes  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

characterization techniques will help TM architects select a small, diverse, set of TM workloads for their design to their similarities outside of the traditional lock/barrier model. This is a pitfall for computer architects. If too that architects can use to choose which programs to run based on the transactional feature that needs

Roy, Subrata

217

This paper is published as part of a Dalton Transactions themed issue on: Solar Energy Conversion  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This paper is published as part of a Dalton Transactions themed issue on: Solar Energy Conversion and Paul King, Dalton Trans., 2009, DOI: 10.1039/b913426n Solar energy conversion in a photoelectrochemical and the optimization of solar energy conversion using DSSCs.7­9 Currently, the maximum solar conversion efficiency

218

Adaptive web transactions: an approach for achieving the atomicity of composed web services  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The effective use of web services requires that new and more complex web services can be composed of other web services. With such composed web services, or web workflows as they are also called, the issues related to transactional properties are even ...

L. Pajunen; J. Korhonen; J. Puustjrvi

2002-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

219

IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON ENERGY CONVERSION, 2006 1 Distributed Control Agents Approach to Energy  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON ENERGY CONVERSION, 2006 1 Distributed Control Agents Approach to Energy a new scheme for an energy management system in the form of distributed control agents. The control and a minimum amount of communication. A case study using the distributed agents within a multilayer system

Lai, Hong-jian

220

IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON SIGNAL PROCESSING, VOL. 58, NO. 8, AUGUST 2010 4093 Localization in Underwater Dispersive  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON SIGNAL PROCESSING, VOL. 58, NO. 8, AUGUST 2010 4093 Localization in Underwater applications of time-frequency representations deal with the analysis of the underwater acoustic signals nonlinear effect at very low frequencies. That is, if we intend to establish an underwater communication

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "direct electricity transactions" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


221

Speculative out-of-order event processing with software transaction memory  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In event stream applications, events flow through a network of components that perform various types of operations, e.g., filtering, aggregation, transformation. When the operation only depends on the input events, one can trivially parallelize its processing ... Keywords: event stream processing, software transactional memory

Andrey Brito; Christof Fetzer; Heiko Sturzrehm; Pascal Felber

2008-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

222

6086 IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON SIGNAL PROCESSING, VOL. 56, NO. 12, DECEMBER 2008 Decentralized Adaptive Filtering Algorithms  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

. Since sensor coordination is a costly and complex process, we take a decentralized approach by equipping if their estimated average performance for activation outweighs their energy cost. The tradeoff is formulated6086 IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON SIGNAL PROCESSING, VOL. 56, NO. 12, DECEMBER 2008 Decentralized Adaptive

Krishnamurthy, Vikram

223

514 ASHRAE Transactions: Symposia Design cooling load calculation methods are, by the  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

514 ASHRAE Transactions: Symposia ABSTRACT Design cooling load calculation methods are test. In the tests proposed here, the ASHRAE heat balance method is used as a reference model. Details of confidence in load calculation methods and the computer implementations that they use. ASHRAE has a long

224

ASHRAE Transactions 103(1) (1997). Solar Heat Gain Coefficient of Complex Fenestrations  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

LBNL-39248 DA-359 ASHRAE Transactions 103(1) (1997). Solar Heat Gain Coefficient of Complex, the most recent edition of the ASHRAE Handbook lists a table characterizing a venetian blind with a single shading coefficient number (ASHRAE 1993) for 0º azimuth and 35º incident angle, (the latter corresponding

225

ASHRAE Transactions: Symposia 1107 The interest in both modular simulation and alternative  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

ASHRAE Transactions: Symposia 1107 ABSTRACT The interest in both modular simulation and alternative Building Energy Simulation Program Richard K. Strand, Ph.D. Daniel E. Fisher, Ph.D., P.E. Member ASHRAE Member ASHRAE Richard J. Liesen, Ph.D. Curtis O. Pedersen, Ph.D. Associate Member

226

96 ASHRAE Transactions: Research Current duct design methods for variable air volume  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

96 ASHRAE Transactions: Research ABSTRACT Current duct design methods for variable air volume (VAV in the 1997 ASHRAE Handbook--Fundamentals (ASHRAE 1997): equal friction, static regain, and the T Systems Taecheol Kim Jeffrey D. Spitler, Ph.D., P.E. Ronald D. Delahoussaye, Ph.D. Member ASHRAE Taecheol

227

26 ASHRAE Transactions: Research Cooling-dominated commercial and institutional build-  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

26 ASHRAE Transactions: Research ABSTRACT Cooling-dominated commercial and institutional build Simulation Approach Mahadevan Ramamoorthy Hui Jin Student Member ASHRAE Student Member ASHRAE Andrew D. Chiasson Jeffrey D. Spitler, Ph.D., P.E. Associate Member ASHRAE Member ASHRAE Mahadevan Ramamoorthy

228

ASHRAE Transactions: Research 105 Current duct design methods for variable air volume  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

ASHRAE Transactions: Research 105 ABSTRACT Current duct design methods for variable air volume (VAV for different design conditions are sought using a duct fitting database program as described in ASHRAE (1993 Jeffrey D. Spitler, Ph.D., P.E. Ronald D. Delahoussaye, Ph.D. Member ASHRAE Taecheol Kim is a Ph

229

IEEE/ACM TRANSACTIONS ON NETWORKING 1 Optimizing 802.11 Wireless Mesh Networks Based  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

IEEE/ACM TRANSACTIONS ON NETWORKING 1 Optimizing 802.11 Wireless Mesh Networks Based on Physical channel state, for example, by com- paring the measured on-air received energy in a channel against Manuscript received August 15, 2007; revised April 11, 2008 and April 11, 2008; approved by IEEE/ACM

Roy, Sumit

230

IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON SUSTAINABLE ENERGY (TO APPEAR) 1 Robust Energy Management for Microgrids  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON SUSTAINABLE ENERGY (TO APPEAR) 1 Robust Energy Management for Microgrids to failures, distributed energy management is of paramount importance in smart grids, especially in microgrids for a microgrid with high renewable energy penetration and demand-side management operating in grid-connected mode

Giannakis, Georgios

231

Electric power annual 1994. Volume 2, Operational and financial data  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This year, the annual is published in two volumes. Volume I focused on US electric utilities and contained final 1994 data on net generation, fossil fuel consumption, stocks, receipts, and cost. This Volume II presents annual 1994 summary statistics for the electric power industry, including information on both electric utilities and nonutility power producers. Included are preliminary data for electric utility retail sales of electricity, associated revenue, and average revenue per kilowatthour of electricity sold (based on form EIA-861) and for electric utility financial statistics, environmental statistics, power transactions, and demand- side management. Final 1994 data for US nonutility power producers on installed capacity and gross generation, as well as supply and disposition information, are also provided in Volume II. Technical notes and a glossary are included.

NONE

1995-11-28T23:59:59.000Z

232

EA-278-B Direct Commodities Trading Inc - Recission  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Order rescinding the authorization of Direct Commodities Trading Inc to export electric energy to Canada.

233

Transactions of the nineteenth water reactor safety information meeting  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

This report contains summaries of papers on reactor safety research to be presented at the 19th Water Reactor Safety Information Meeting at the Bethesda Marriott Hotel in Bethesda, Maryland, October 28--30, 1991. The summaries briefly describe the programs and results of nuclear safety research sponsored by the Office of Nuclear Regulatory Research, USNRC. Summaries of invited papers concerning nuclear safety issues from US government laboratories, the electric utilities, the Electric Power Research Institute (EPRI), the nuclear industry, and from the governments and industry in Europe and Japan are also included. The summaries have been compiled in one report to provide a basis for meaningful discussion and information exchange during the course of the meeting, and are given in the order of their presentation in each session. The individual summaries have been cataloged separately.

Weiss, A.J. (comp.)

1991-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

234

Electric Vehicles  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Electricity can be used as a transportation fuel to power battery electric vehicles (EVs). EVs store electricity in an energy storage device, such as a battery.

236

Electric vehicle drive train with rollback detection and ...  

The vehicle includes an electric motor rotatable in opposite directions corresponding to opposite directions of vehicle movement.

237

Liquid metal thermal electric converter  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A liquid metal thermal electric converter which converts heat energy to electrical energy. The design of the liquid metal thermal electric converter incorporates a unique configuration which directs the metal fluid pressure to the outside of the tube which results in the structural loads in the tube to be compressive. A liquid metal thermal electric converter refluxing boiler with series connection of tubes and a multiple cell liquid metal thermal electric converter are also provided.

Abbin, Joseph P. (Albuquerque, NM); Andraka, Charles E. (Albuquerque, NM); Lukens, Laurance L. (Albuquerque, NM); Moreno, James B. (Albuquerque, NM)

1989-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

238

EFCOG / DOE Electrical Safety  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

&D Decontamination and Decommissioning dc direct current DOE Department of Energy EFCOG Energy Facility Contractors Purpose: This tool is intended to determine the severity of an electrical energy event based reportability. Scope: This tool establishes a standardized approach for tracking and trending electrical energy

239

Power Electronics and Electric Machines  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

PEEM Activities Application Power Electronics Electric Machines Traction Drive System Inverter & Boost Converter (if needed) MotorGenerator Vehicle Power Management Bi-directional...

240

Business bridging ethnicity : how business transactions in Trinidad build trust and friendship but don't reduce prejudice  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Do business transactions between individuals of different ethnicities lead to social spillovers, in terms of building trust, friendship, and reducing prejudice? In this dissertation I interrogate that research question ...

Kilroy, Austin

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "direct electricity transactions" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


241

884 IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON NUCLEAR SCIENCE, VOL. 52, NO. 4, AUGUST 2005 Distributed Computing Grid Experiences in CMS  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

884 IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON NUCLEAR SCIENCE, VOL. 52, NO. 4, AUGUST 2005 Distributed Computing Grid is with National University of Science and Technology, Pakistan (e-mail: Ashiq.Anjum@cern.ch). T. Barrass, S

Low, Steven H.

242

An Integrated Electric Power Supply Chain and Fuel Market Network Framework: Theoretical Modeling with Empirical Analysis for New England  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

the prices of fuels at energy markets and the transportation/distribution costs in making their economic the fuel price at each energy fuel market am. Since this paper focuses on the electric power supply chain markets that captures both the economic network transactions in energy supply markets and the physical

Nagurney, Anna

243

Regulation and future role of direct producer sales  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Direct producer sales account for only a small fraction of total natural gas sales, but their importance has been growing for both economic and legal reasons. The creation of legal rules over the past decade that allow many direct producer sales to be made without prior adminstrative approval reflect current policies and past efforts to deal with other problems. The result is a set of rules that may encompass most commercially significant transactions, but that does so through the accumulation of a number of distinct categories. This article outlines these rules and assesses the longer-term significance of direct producer sales in the interstate market. 185 references.

Means, R.C.; Angyal, R.S.

1984-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

244

Gender differences in psychopathology examined under an expanded transactional theory of stress framework  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Prevalence rates of many types of psychopathology are lower for men than they are for women, but the causes of these discrepancies are not known. This paper focuses on two such psychopathology groups eating disorders and depressive disorders and examines gender differences within a transactional theory of stress that takes into account levels of cognitive processing (an expanded transactional theory of stress). Both studies found that men are more physiologically reactive to disorder-relevant, stressful stimuli and stressful events. The study on depression also found that different cognitive processes may be depressogenic for men and women: deployment of attentional resources toward negative stimuli was associated with depression in men, while deployment of attentional resources away from positive stimuli was associated with depression in women. These findings have significant implications for choosing appropriate treatment options for men and women.

Lee, Jillian April

2007-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

245

A Multi-Level Grid Interactive Bi-directional AC/DC-DC/AC Converter and a Hybrid Battery/Ultra-capacitor Energy Storage System with Integrated Magnetics for Plug-in Hybrid Electric Vehicles  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

This study presents a bi-directional multi-level power electronic interface for the grid interactions of plug-in hybrid electric vehicles (PHEVs) as well as a novel bi-directional power electronic converter for the combined operation of battery/ultracapacitor hybrid energy storage systems (ESS). The grid interface converter enables beneficial vehicle-to-grid (V2G) interactions in a high power quality and grid friendly manner; i.e, the grid interface converter ensures that all power delivered to/from grid has unity power factor and almost zero current harmonics. The power electronic converter that provides the combined operation of battery/ultra-capacitor system reduces the size and cost of the conventional ESS hybridization topologies while reducing the stress on the battery, prolonging the battery lifetime, and increasing the overall vehicle performance and efficiency. The combination of hybrid ESS is provided through an integrated magnetic structure that reduces the size and cost of the inductors of the ESS converters. Simulation and experimental results are included as prove of the concept presenting the different operation modes of the proposed converters.

Onar, Omer C [ORNL

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

246

LABORATORY VI ELECTRICITY FROM MAGNETISM  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

the magnetic field and its effect on moving charges. You also saw how electric currents could create magnetic the magnetic flux through a coil of wire to produce an electric current. You will investigate the current are necessary for a magnetic field to produce an electric current. · Determine the direction of a current

Minnesota, University of

247

A Dynamic household Alternative-fuel Vehicle Demand Model Using Stated and Revealed Transaction Information  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Potential Demand for Electric Cars, Journal of Economrtricsand one large car) and one mini electric car. The two modelsscenarios: (i) a subcompact electric car is introduced to

Sheng, Hongyan

1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

248

Electricity Consumption Electricity Consumption EIA Electricity Consumption Estimates  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Consumption Consumption Electricity Consumption EIA Electricity Consumption Estimates (million kWh) National Petroleum Council Assumption: The definition of electricity con- sumption and sales used in the NPC 1999 study is the equivalent ofwhat EIA calls "sales by utilities" plus "retail wheeling by power marketers." This A nn u al Gro wth total could also be called "sales through the distribution grid," 2o 99 99 to Sales by Utilities -012% #N/A Two other categories of electricity consumption tracked by EIA cover on site Retail Wheeling Sales by generation for host use. The first, "nonutility onsite direct use," covers the Power Marketen 212.25% #N/A traditional generation/cogeneration facilities owned by industrial or large All Sales Through Distribution

249

Electricity Monthly Update  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

End Use: March 2012 End Use: March 2012 Retail Rates/Prices and Consumption In this section, we look at what electricity costs and how much is purchased. Charges for retail electric service are based primarily on rates approved by State regulators. However, a number of States have allowed retail marketers to compete to serve customers and these competitive retail suppliers offer electricity at a market-based price. EIA does not directly collect retail electricity rates or prices. However, using data collected on retail sales revenues and volumes, we calculate average retail revenues per kWh as a proxy for retail rates and prices. Retail sales volumes are presented as a proxy for end-use electricity consumption. Average Revenue per kWh by State Percent Change ¢ Per KWh map showing U.S. electric industry percent change in average revenue

250

Electricity Monthly Update  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

End Use: September 2011 End Use: September 2011 Retail Rates/Prices and Consumption In this section, we look at what electricity costs and how much is purchased. Charges for retail electric service are based primarily on rates approved by State regulators. However, a number of states have allowed retail marketers to compete to serve customers and these competitive retail suppliers offer electricity at a market-based price. EIA does not directly collect retail electricity rates or prices. However, using data on retail sales revenues and volumes, we calculate average retail revenues per kWh as a proxy for retail rates and prices. Retail sales volumes are presented as a proxy for end-use electricity consumption. Average Revenue per kWh by State Percent Change ¢ Per KWh map showing U.S. electric industry percent change in average revenue

251

Electricity Monthly Update  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

End Use: October 2013 End Use: October 2013 Retail Rates/Prices and Consumption In this section, we look at what electricity costs and how much is purchased. Charges for retail electric service are based primarily on rates approved by state regulators. However, a number of states have allowed retail marketers to compete to serve customers and these competitive retail suppliers offer electricity at a market-based price. EIA does not directly collect retail electricity rates or prices. However, using data collected on retail sales revenues and volumes, we calculate average retail revenues per kWh as a proxy for retail rates and prices. Retail sales volumes are presented as a proxy for end-use electricity consumption. Average Revenue per kWh by state Percent Change ¢ Per KWh map showing U.S. electric industry percent change in average revenue

252

Electricity Monthly Update  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

End Use: January 2012 End Use: January 2012 Retail Rates/Prices and Consumption In this section, we look at what electricity costs and how much is purchased. Charges for retail electric service are based primarily on rates approved by state regulators. However, a number of states have allowed retail marketers to compete to serve customers and these competitive retail suppliers offer electricity at a market-based price. EIA does not directly collect retail electricity rates or prices. However, using data collected on retail sales revenues and volumes, we calculate average retail revenues per kWh as a proxy for retail rates and prices. Retail sales volumes are presented as a proxy for end-use electricity consumption. Average Revenue per kWh by State Percent Change ¢ Per KWh map showing U.S. electric industry percent change in average revenue

253

Electricity Monthly Update  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

End Use: December 2011 End Use: December 2011 Retail Rates/Prices and Consumption In this section, we look at what electricity costs and how much is purchased. Charges for retail electric service are based primarily on rates approved by state regulators. However, a number of states have allowed retail marketers to compete to serve customers and these competitive retail suppliers offer electricity at a market-based price. EIA does not directly collect retail electricity rates or prices. However, using data collected on retail sales revenues and volumes, we calculate average retail revenues per kWh as a proxy for retail rates and prices. Retail sales volumes are presented as a proxy for end-use electricity consumption. Average Revenue per kWh by State Percent Change ¢ Per KWh map showing U.S. electric industry percent change in average revenue

254

Electricity Monthly Update  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

End Use: August 2011 End Use: August 2011 Retail Rates/Prices and Consumption In this section, we look at what electricity costs and how much is purchased. Charges for retail electric service are based primarily on rates approved by State regulators. However, a number of states have allowed retail marketers to compete to serve customers and these competitive retail suppliers offer electricity at a market-based price. EIA does not directly collect retail electricity rates or prices. However, using data on retail sales revenues and volumes, we calculate average retail revenues per kWh as a proxy for retail rates and prices. Retail sales volumes are presented as a proxy for end-use electricity consumption. Average revenue per kWh by state Percent Change ¢ Per KWh map showing U.S. electric industry percent change in average revenue

255

Electricity Monthly Update  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

End Use: November 2011 End Use: November 2011 Retail Rates/Prices and Consumption In this section, we look at what electricity costs and how much is purchased. Charges for retail electric service are based primarily on rates approved by state regulators. However, a number of states have allowed retail marketers to compete to serve customers and these competitive retail suppliers offer electricity at a market-based price. EIA does not directly collect retail electricity rates or prices. However, using data collected on retail sales revenues and volumes, we calculate average retail revenues per kWh as a proxy for retail rates and prices. Retail sales volumes are presented as a proxy for end-use electricity consumption. Average Revenue per kWh by State Percent Change ¢ Per KWh map showing U.S. electric industry percent change in average revenue

256

Electricity Monthly Update  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

End Use: February 2012 End Use: February 2012 Retail Rates/Prices and Consumption In this section, we look at what electricity costs and how much is purchased. Charges for retail electric service are based primarily on rates approved by State regulators. However, a number of States have allowed retail marketers to compete to serve customers and these competitive retail suppliers offer electricity at a market-based price. EIA does not directly collect retail electricity rates or prices. However, using data collected on retail sales revenues and volumes, we calculate average retail revenues per kWh as a proxy for retail rates and prices. Retail sales volumes are presented as a proxy for end-use electricity consumption. Average Revenue per kWh by State Percent Change ¢ Per KWh map showing U.S. electric industry percent change in average revenue

257

Electricity Monthly Update  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

End Use: October 2011 End Use: October 2011 Retail Rates/Prices and Consumption In this section, we look at what electricity costs and how much is purchased. Charges for retail electric service are based primarily on rates approved by state regulators. However, a number of states have allowed retail marketers to compete to serve customers and these competitive retail suppliers offer electricity at a market-based price. EIA does not directly collect retail electricity rates or prices. However, using data collected on retail sales revenues and volumes, we calculate average retail revenues per kWh as a proxy for retail rates and prices. Retail sales volumes are presented as a proxy for end-use electricity consumption. Average Revenue per kWh by State Percent Change ¢ Per KWh map showing U.S. electric industry percent change in average revenue

258

Thermoacoustic magnetohydrodynamic electrical generator  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A thermoacoustic magnetohydrodynamic electrical generator includes an intrinsically irreversible thermoacoustic heat engine coupled to a magnetohydrodynamic electrical generator. The heat engine includes an electrically conductive liquid metal as the working fluid and includes two heat exchange and thermoacoustic structure assemblies which drive the liquid in a push-pull arrangement to cause the liquid metal to oscillate at a resonant acoustic frequency on the order of 1000 Hz. The engine is positioned in the field of a magnet and is oriented such that the liquid metal oscillates in a direction orthogonal to the field of the magnet, whereby an alternating electrical potential is generated in the liquid metal. Low-loss, low-inductance electrical conductors electrically connected to opposite sides of the liquid metal conduct an output signal to a transformer adapted to convert the low-voltage, high-current output signal to a more usable higher voltage, lower current signal.

Wheatley, J.C.; Swift, G.W.; Migliori, A.

1984-11-16T23:59:59.000Z

259

JGI - Directions  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Map to JGI Directions from Directions from key local start points, public transit Home > About Us > Map to JGI UC logo DOE logo Contact Us Credits Disclaimer Access...

260

Electricity Reliability  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

lines and bar graph Electricity Reliability The Consortium for Electric Reliability Technology Solutions (CERTS) conducts research, develops, and disseminates new methods, tools,...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "direct electricity transactions" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


261

Direct conversion technology  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The overall objective of the Direct Conversion Technology task is to develop an experimentally verified technology base for promising direct conversion systems that have potential application for energy conservation in the end-use sectors. This report contains progress of research on the Alkali Metal Thermal-to-Electric Converter (AMTEC) and on the Two-Phase Liquid-Metal MHD Electrical Generator (LMMHD) for the period January 1, 1991 through December 31, 1991. Research on AMTEC and on LMMHD was initiated during October 1987. Reports prepared on previous occasions (Refs. 1--5) contain descriptive and performance discussions of the following direct conversion concepts: thermoelectric, pyroelectric, thermionic, thermophotovoltaic, thermoacoustic, thermomagnetic, thermoelastic (Nitionol heat engine); and also, more complete descriptive discussions of AMTEC and LMMHD systems.

Massier, P.F.; Back, L.H.; Ryan, M.A.; Fabris, G.

1992-01-07T23:59:59.000Z

262

Columbia Basin Water Transactions Program (Water Entity); National Fish and Wildlife Foundation, Annual Report 2003.  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Launched in 2002, the Columbia Basin Water Transactions Program (CBWTP) is anticipated to be a five-year effort to test new strategies for enhancing tributary flows. The premise of the CBWTP is that water can most readily be made available for instream flows not by attempting to regulate senior water users but, instead, by acquiring water rights from willing sellers and transferring those rights to instream flows within the prior appropriation framework ('first in time, first in right'). The primary goals for this water initiative included: (1) To implement Action 151 of the NOAA Fisheries 2000 Biological Opinion on the Operation of the Federal Columbia River Power System. (2) To implement Provision A.8 of the Council's 2000 Columbia River Basin Fish and Wildlife Program related to securing water for instream flows. (3) To integrate components of the Northwest Power and Conservation Council's Program and Watershed Assessment process with the NOAA Fisheries 2000 Biological Opinion. (4) To ensure actions taken under the program would be effective, fiscally efficient, and biologically beneficial to fish and wildlife in the region. In the spring of 2002, BPA and a group of water experts selected ten local entities in Washington, Oregon, Idaho, and western Montana with a demonstrated potential to innovate and implement tributary flow improvements. We also selected the National Fish and Wildlife Foundation (NFWF) to serve as the regional entity for this initiative. BPA then set up the funding agreement and scope of work to establish what is now known as the Columbia Basin Water Transactions Program. In FY 2003, BPA provided over $1.5 million in funding to the CBWTP and approved 33 water transactions. In FY 2004, BPA will provide up to $4 million to the project to enhance habitat. Thanks to the dedicated efforts of partners throughout the Basin, the CBWTP is off to a strong start in improving tributary flows in key areas across the region.

National Fish and Wildlife Foundation

2004-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

263

Direct Discharge Permit (Vermont) | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Discharge Permit (Vermont) Direct Discharge Permit (Vermont) Eligibility Utility Agricultural Investor-Owned Utility Industrial MunicipalPublic Utility Rural Electric Cooperative...

264

The dual optimizer for the growth-optimal portfolio under transaction costs  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We consider the maximization of the long-term growth rate in the Black-Scholes model under proportional transaction costs as in Taksar, Klass and Assaf [Math. Oper. Res. 13, 1988]. Similarly as in Kallsen and Muhle-Karbe [Ann. Appl. Probab., to appear] for optimal consumption over an infinite horizon, we tackle this problem by determining a shadow price, which is the solution of the dual problem. It can be calculated explicitly up to determining the root of a deterministic function. This in turn allows to explicitly compute fractional Taylor expansions, both for the no-trade region of the optimal strategy and for the optimal growth rate.

Gerhold, Stefan; Schachermayer, Walter

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

265

The Department of Energy has opted to utilize the following agreement for Designated Non-Proprietary User Facilities transactions  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Non-Proprietary User Non-Proprietary User Facilities transactions. Because these transactions are widespread across Departmental facilities, uniformity in agreement terms is desirable. Except for the *** provisions, minor modifications to the terms of this agreement may be made by CONTRACTOR, but any changes to the *** provisions or substantive changes to the non *** provisons will require approval by the DOE Contracting Officer, WHICH WILL LIKELY DELAY YOUR ACCESS TO THE USER FACILITY. In instances where DOE Contracting Officer approval for substantive changes cannot be obtained, Work for Others (WFOs) and Cooperative Research and Development Agreements (CRADAs) may be more appropriate due to the increased flexibility such agreements afford. Where this agreement is to be used as an umbrella agreement for multiple transactions it may be modified to reflect such

266

IEEE/ACM TRANSACTIONS ON NETWORKING, VOL. 9, NO. 4, AUGUST 2001 427 The Performance of Query Control Schemes for the  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

IEEE/ACM TRANSACTIONS ON NETWORKING, VOL. 9, NO. 4, AUGUST 2001 427 The Performance of Query received June 3, 1999; revised February 1, 2000; approved by IEEE/ACM TRANSACTIONS ON NETWORKING Editor C. This is in contradiction with the fact that all updates in the wireless com- munication environment travel over the air

Haas, Zygmunt J.

267

IEEE/ACM TRANSACTIONS ON NETWORKING, VOL. 7, NO. 1, FEBRUARY 1999 75 Delivering QoS Requirements to Traffic with Diverse  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

IEEE/ACM TRANSACTIONS ON NETWORKING, VOL. 7, NO. 1, FEBRUARY 1999 75 Delivering QoS Requirements, 1997; revised June 1, 1998; approved by IEEE/ACM TRANSACTIONS ON NETWORKING Editor D. Raychaudhuri-93-1-0564 monitored by the Air Force Office of Scientific Research and by the National Science Foundation under Grant

Stavrakakis, Ioannis

268

Energy Basics: Direct-Use of Geothermal Technologies  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Energy Basics Renewable Energy Printable Version Share this resource Biomass Geothermal Direct Use Electricity Production Geothermal Resources Hydrogen Hydropower Ocean...

269

Electricity Markets  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Electricity Markets Electricity Markets Researchers in the electricity markets area conduct technical, economic, and policy analysis of energy topics centered on the U.S. electricity sector. Current research seeks to inform public and private decision-making on public-interest issues related to energy efficiency and demand response, renewable energy, electricity resource and transmission planning, electricity reliability and distributed generation resources. Research is conducted in the following areas: Energy efficiency research focused on portfolio planning and market assessment, design and implementation of a portfolio of energy efficiency programs that achieve various policy objectives, utility sector energy efficiency business models, options for administering energy efficiency

270

Prototype Intelligent Software Agents for Trading Electricity: Competitive/Cooperative Power Scheduling in an Electronic Marketplace  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This report describes an application and implementation of intelligent software agents that communicate with each other and their owners to buy and sell electric power on their behalf. With the advent of deregulation and competition in the energy industry, new tools and technologies are required to facilitate energy sales and transactions, monitor supply and demand, monitor the status of generation and transmission equipment, improve system reliability, communicate using open systems technology (such as ...

1999-11-24T23:59:59.000Z

271

Market failures, consumer preferences, and transaction costs in energy efficiency purchase decisions  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

compared with the electricity tariff paid by the consumer.In place of the electricity tariff, the CCE would bethe price of electricity. The price or tariff line is seen

Sathaye, Jayant; Murtishaw, Scott

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

272

Transaction # 1 ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... profitability after heavy losses from w eather and from other disasters such as the 1988 Piper Alpha oil rig explosi on and the Exxon Valdez oil spill ...

1999-10-22T23:59:59.000Z

273

Transaction # 1 ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... 04 FT 04 JUN 93 / Storing up long-term doubts: Why it is so hard to put a price on decommissioning

1998-10-23T23:59:59.000Z

274

Transaction # 1 ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... Mr James Donald, head of the USDA's World Agriculture Outlook Board , put ... each country is seeking to exploi t oil and gas reserves believed ...

1998-10-23T23:59:59.000Z

275

Transaction # 1 ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... DATE> FT 07 NOV 94 / Survey of China (4): Spratly Islands row heats up - Dispute over offshore oil and gas resources

1998-10-23T23:59:59.000Z

276

Transaction # 1 ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... tourism pr omises an upturn - Improved outlook in customer ... it needs at least 3m tonnes of oil equivalent by ... to convert its power plants to gas and is ...

1999-10-22T23:59:59.000Z

277

Transaction # 1 ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... Pinatubo in the Phillippin es and the combination of lunar and solar cycles. ... Nearly 30 separate conflicts have flared in the past year over rights t o ...

1998-10-23T23:59:59.000Z

278

Transaction # 1 ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... TEXT> THE worldwide downturn in touri sm last year, fuelled by the Gulf crisis, the international economic recessi on and the escalating costs of air ...

1999-10-22T23:59:59.000Z

279

741 Transaction  

National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

Director, Office of Nuclear Materials Integration NMMSS Program, NA-73, Germantown Building U.S. Department of Energy 1000 Independence Avenue, SW Washington, DC 20585-1290...

280

Transaction # 1 ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... in Asia consider int ernational protection and monitoring of human rights as ... 'Maybe 100 years ago the universal consciousness could accept that to ...

1998-10-23T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "direct electricity transactions" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


281

Transaction # 1 ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... coincides with a much more price-conscious attitude over ... stress es, along with other robot industry executives, the potential of robots in t ...

1998-10-23T23:59:59.000Z

282

741 Transaction  

National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

D-23 Personal Computer Data Input for Department Of Energy Contractors Effective Date January 1, 2012 A booklet of guidance for data submissions to NMMSS using electronic formats...

283

Transaction # 1 ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... In its first development plan launched over five years ago, the ... Wales has eight wind farms, about a third of the UK total, and planning consent is ...

1999-10-22T23:59:59.000Z

284

741 Transaction  

National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

to be submitted is the whole number 15; enter 15 as 15.00 (translates to 15.000). The Essential column indicates the minimum data submission requirements for successful file...

285

741 Transaction  

National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

Miscellaneous Information Field Description 741 XML Attribute Type Essential Text Note TEXT Char(1000) 1 The IAEA UK reportable indication is only required...

286

Transaction # 1 ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... US space agency, to simulate the heating experience d ... Palawan also has oil of fshore and nickel deposits ... the car industry the natural home for the ...

1998-10-23T23:59:59.000Z

287

Transactions Everywhere  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Arguably, one of the biggest deterrants for software developers who might otherwise choose to write parallel code is that parallelism makes their lives more complicated. Perhaps the most basic problem inherent in the ...

Kuszmaul, Bradley C.

288

Electric Power Annual 2011 - Energy Information Administration  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Electricity Sales ; Table 2.1. Number of ultimate customers served by sector, by provider XLS: Table 2.2. Retail sales and direct use of electricity to ultimate ...

289

Direct Conversion Technology  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The overall objective of the Direct Conversion Technology task is to develop an experimentally verified technology base for promising direct conversion systems that have potential application for energy conservation in the end-use sectors. Initially, two systems were selected for exploratory research and advanced development. These are Alkali Metal Thermal-to-Electric Converter (AMTEC) and Two-Phase Liquid Metal MD Generator (LMMHD). This report describes progress that has been made during the first six months of 1992 on research activities associated with these two systems. (GHH)

Back, L.H.; Fabris, G.; Ryan, M.A.

1992-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

290

JGI - Directions  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Directions Address DOE Joint Genome Institute 2800 Mitchell Drive Walnut Creek, CA 94598 From Oakland Airport Follow Airport exit signs onto AIRPORT DR. Turn RIGHT onto HEGENBERGER...

291

Control of Greenhouse Gas Emissions by Optimal DER Technology Investment and Energy Management in Zero-Net-Energy Buildings  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Transactions on Electrical Power 2009, Special Issue onTransactions on Electrical Power 2009, Special Issue onTransactions on Electrical Power 2009, Special Issue on

Stadler, Michael

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

292

IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON ENERGY CONVERSION, VOL. 25, NO. 2, JUNE 2010 465 Key Technical Challenges for the Electric Power  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

assessment. 4) Developing methods for improving system restoration in case of natural disasters. IV. U plan of Massachusetts has substantially raised rates in order to cover future natural disaster losses of these technologies will require the construc- tion of new transmission lines. 1) Microgrids: One alternative

Kezunovic, Mladen

293

IEEE Transactions01 Dielectrics and ElectricalInsulation Vol.5 No. 3,June 1998 StaticElectrificationof Pressboard/Oil  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Electrificationof Pressboard/Oil Interface and TransientPhenomena ABSTRACT The static electrificationphenomenonof and immersed in a metallic tank containing -4 1of oil; and second vice enables us to measure the electrostaticcharge tendency of oils. The electrostaticcharge ndency (ECT) of insulatingoilsand

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

294

California Electric Energy Crisis - Electricity Information  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Electricity Information Available Formats; Status of Electric Industry Restructuring Activity in California: html: California State Electricity Profil ...

295

Quantum Electrical Measurements Portal  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

NIST Home > Quantum Electrical Measurements Portal. Quantum Electrical Measurements Portal. Subject Areas. Electrical ...

2013-03-21T23:59:59.000Z

296

Electric vehicles  

SciTech Connect

Quiet, clean, and efficient, electric vehicles (EVs) may someday become a practical mode of transportation for the general public. Electric vehicles can provide many advantages for the nation's environment and energy supply because they run on electricity, which can be produced from many sources of energy such as coal, natural gas, uranium, and hydropower. These vehicles offer fuel versatility to the transportation sector, which depends almost solely on oil for its energy needs. Electric vehicles are any mode of transportation operated by a motor that receives electricity from a battery or fuel cell. EVs come in all shapes and sizes and may be used for different tasks. Some EVs are small and simple, such as golf carts and electric wheel chairs. Others are larger and more complex, such as automobile and vans. Some EVs, such as fork lifts, are used in industries. In this fact sheet, we will discuss mostly automobiles and vans. There are also variations on electric vehicles, such as hybrid vehicles and solar-powered vehicles. Hybrid vehicles use electricity as their primary source of energy, however, they also use a backup source of energy, such as gasoline, methanol or ethanol. Solar-powered vehicles are electric vehicles that use photovoltaic cells (cells that convert solar energy to electricity) rather than utility-supplied electricity to recharge the batteries. This paper discusses these concepts.

Not Available

1990-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

297

Electrical Safety Management Plan  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

to an employer Application: Direct This course is for people who are employed as electrical apprentices. Students business. First-rate facilities As an apprentice studying at Swinburne, you will have access to the state that gives builders, plumbers and other construction apprentices the opportunity to receive training

Smith, Graeme

298

Central Hudson Gas & Electric (Electric) - Commercial Lighting...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

You are here Home Savings Central Hudson Gas & Electric (Electric) - Commercial Lighting Rebate Program Central Hudson Gas & Electric (Electric) - Commercial Lighting Rebate...

299

IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON INDUSTRY APPLICATIONS,VOL. 32, NO. 5, SEPTEMBEFUOCTOBER1996 1051 A Physicochemical Explanation for Flow  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

the kinetics of the wall surface reactions with the additives. Thus, analysis of these chemical reactions APPLICATIONS, VOL. 32, NO. 5, SEFTEMBEFVOCTOBER1996 with kl and k-2 representing the kinetic constants of wallIEEE TRANSACTIONS ON INDUSTRY APPLICATIONS,VOL. 32, NO. 5, SEPTEMBEFUOCTOBER1996 1051

Patzek, Tadeusz W.

300

IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON POWER DELIVERY, VOL. 20, NO. 1, JANUARY 2005 149 Deriving an Equivalent Circuit of Transformers  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

. INTRODUCTION THE CONDITION of oil/paper insulation system in a power transformer is deteriorated of dielectric response measurements that have been used in recent times for the diagnosis of power transformersIEEE TRANSACTIONS ON POWER DELIVERY, VOL. 20, NO. 1, JANUARY 2005 149 Deriving an Equivalent

Saha, Tapan Kumar

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301

422 IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON POWER SYSTEMS, VOL. 18, NO. 2, MAY 2003 Converting System Limits to Market Signals  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

422 IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON POWER SYSTEMS, VOL. 18, NO. 2, MAY 2003 Converting System Limits to Market of flow limits on interfaces as surrogates for stability limits. These transformed limits are often, or transformer. Often system limits are enforced on all credible contingencies. FGR Flowgate rights, the right

302

PAPER ACCEPTED TO IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON POWER SYSTEMS, Nov. 2008 1 Reactive Power and Voltage Control in Distribution  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

PAPER ACCEPTED TO IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON POWER SYSTEMS, Nov. 2008 1 Reactive Power and Voltage) problem associated with reactive power and voltage control in distribution systems to minimize daily on the number of switching operations of transformer load tap changers (LTCs) and capacitors, which are modeled

Cañizares, Claudio A.

303

IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON POWER DELIVERY, VOL. 19, NO. 3, JULY 2004 1127 Investigation of an Expert System for the Condition  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

. INTRODUCTION TRANSFORMER is one of the most important and costly apparatus in a power system. The reliableIEEE TRANSACTIONS ON POWER DELIVERY, VOL. 19, NO. 3, JULY 2004 1127 Investigation of an Expert System for the Condition Assessment of Transformer Insulation Based on Dielectric Response Measurements

Saha, Tapan Kumar

304

252 IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON POWER DELIVERY, VOL. 23, NO. 1, JANUARY 2008 Investigations of Temperature Effects on the  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

252 IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON POWER DELIVERY, VOL. 23, NO. 1, JANUARY 2008 Investigations of Temperature Effects on the Dielectric Response Measurements of Transformer Oil-Paper Insulation System Tapan K. Saha, in both time and fre- quency domains, are currently widely used by power utilities for assessment

Saha, Tapan Kumar

305

752 IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON POWER SYSTEMS, VOL. 24, NO. 2, MAY 2009 Large-Scale Distribution Planning--Part  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

752 IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON POWER SYSTEMS, VOL. 24, NO. 2, MAY 2009 Large-Scale Distribution Planning methodology for low-voltage distribution network planning. Combined optimization of transformers and approximately 1 300 000 customers. Index Terms--Low voltage, network planning, power distribu- tion planning

Rudnick, Hugh

306

744 IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON POWER SYSTEMS, VOL. 24, NO. 2, MAY 2009 Large-Scale Distribution Planning--Part I  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

744 IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON POWER SYSTEMS, VOL. 24, NO. 2, MAY 2009 Large-Scale Distribution Planning--Part I: Simultaneous Network and Transformer Optimization Alejandro Navarro, Member, IEEE, and Hugh-voltage distribution networks. Combined optimization of transformers and associated networks is per- formed

Rudnick, Hugh

307

IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON SMART GRID, VOL. 4, NO. 1, MARCH 2013 509 Optimized Control of DFIG-Based Wind  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON SMART GRID, VOL. 4, NO. 1, MARCH 2013 509 Optimized Control of DFIG-Based Wind of doubly-fed induction generators (DFIG) based wind generation. Instead of optimizing all the control approach. Index Terms--Computational intelligence, DFIG, optimized control, particle swarm optimization

He, Haibo

308

IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON SEMICONDUCTOR MANUFACTURING, VOL. 17, NO. 3, AUGUST 2004 455 Dynamic Simulation and Optimization of Cu  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

for implementing DFE in both design and analysis are distinctly limited. Such methodologies must enable not only at the University of Arizona, we have been developing modeling and simulation approaches to enable such evaluation a coherent analysis of multiple 0894-6507/04$20.00 © 2004 IEEE #12;456 IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON SEMICONDUCTOR

Rubloff, Gary W.

309

IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON NUCLEAR SCIENCE, VOL. 54, NO. 4, AUGUST 2007 843 A Prototype Three-Dimensional Position Sensitive  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

for homeland security and nuclear non-proliferation applications. Mechanically cooled HPGe detectorsIEEE TRANSACTIONS ON NUCLEAR SCIENCE, VOL. 54, NO. 4, AUGUST 2007 843 A Prototype Three of Nuclear Engineering and Radi- ological Sciences, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI 48109 USA (e

He, Zhong

310

1512 IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON POWER SYSTEMS, VOL. 21, NO. 4, NOVEMBER 2006 Managing Price Risk in a Multimarket Environment  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

1517 Fig. 2. Monthly spot price of natural gas. TABLE I DETERMINISTIC VERSUS RANDOM (GAS PRICES) , (95 on allocation ratios (coal prices are deterministic or random). TABLE III COVARIANCE AMONG TRANSACTIONS (GAS://www.ucei.berkeley.edu/datamine/ uceidata/. [18] Energy Information Administration website. [Online]. Available: http://www.eia.doe.gov/oil_gas/natural_gas/info_glance/prices

Tam, Vincent W. L.

311

To be published in ASHRAE Transactions, Vol. 106, Part II 2000 LBNL-44479 SELECTING WHOLE-HOUSE  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

To be published in ASHRAE Transactions, Vol. 106, Part II 2000 LBNL-44479 SELECTING WHOLE-HOUSE VENTILATION STRATEGIES TO MEET PROPOSED ASHRAE STANDARD 62.2: ENERGY COST CONSIDERATIONS* Craig P. Wray Nance University of California Berkeley, CA 94720 April 2000 ASHRAE Standard 62.2P is being proposed to address

312

ASHRAE 2000 Annual Meeting, June 24-28, 2000, Minneapolis, MN, and published in ASHRAE Transactions, 106(2) 2000.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

LBNL-44422 Mo-420 ASHRAE 2000 Annual Meeting, June 24-28, 2000, Minneapolis, MN, and published in ASHRAE Transactions, 106(2) 2000. This work was supported by the Assistant Secretary for Energy-factors of predominantly planar, vertical windows has been made by both ASHRAE and NFRC, and as increasing consensus has

313

The following paper was published in ASHRAE Transactions Vol. #107, Part 2, Page nos. 527-537. 2001 American  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The following paper was published in ASHRAE Transactions Vol. #107, Part 2, Page nos. 527 is by permission of ASHRAE, and is presented for educational purposes only. ASHRAE does not endorse or recommend form without permission of ASHRAE. Contact ASHRAE at www.ashrae.org. #12;LBNL-47073 TA-444 ASHRAE

314

IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON POWER SYSTEMS, VOL. 25, NO. 4, NOVEMBER 2010 1865 Impact of Energy Efficiency Incentives  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON POWER SYSTEMS, VOL. 25, NO. 4, NOVEMBER 2010 1865 Impact of Energy Efficiency the implementation of energy efficiency poli- cies on the power distribution sector. To assess the outcome different energy efficiency levels required by the regulator. The results reveal that the introduction

Rudnick, Hugh

315

60 IEEE/ACM TRANSACTIONS ON NETWORKING, VOL. 8, NO. 1, FEBRUARY 2000 A Dynamic Regulation and Scheduling Scheme for  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

60 IEEE/ACM TRANSACTIONS ON NETWORKING, VOL. 8, NO. 1, FEBRUARY 2000 A Dynamic Regulation provide for Manuscript received April 11, 1997; revised December 1, 1998; approved by IEEE/ACM Research Project Agency under Grant F49620-93-1-0564, monitored by the Air Force Office of Scien- tific

Stavrakakis, Ioannis

316

1240 IEEE/ACM TRANSACTIONS ON NETWORKING, VOL. 15, NO. 6, DECEMBER 2007 Distributed Rate Allocation for Inelastic Flows  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

1240 IEEE/ACM TRANSACTIONS ON NETWORKING, VOL. 15, NO. 6, DECEMBER 2007 Distributed Rate Allocation modeled as smooth, Manuscript received November 30, 2005; revised September 17, 2006; approved by IEEE/ACM (NSF) Grants CCF-0440443, CNS-0417607, and CNS-0427677, in part by the Air Force Office of Scientific

Chiang, Mung

317

70 IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON ANTENNAS AND PROPAGATION, VOL. 59, NO. 1, JANUARY 2011 Analysis and Characterization of a Multipole  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

70 IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON ANTENNAS AND PROPAGATION, VOL. 59, NO. 1, JANUARY 2011 Analysis that operates at 5.5 GHz and is low-profile, low-cost and easy to fabricate. The design consists of a three-layer structure imple- menting two slot-coupled patch antennas. Varactor diodes are used to load the patches

Hum, Sean Victor

318

IEEE/ACM TRANSACTIONS ON NETWORKING, VOL. 16, NO. 1, FEBRUARY 2008 1 Measurement and Analysis of LDAP Performance  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

IEEE/ACM TRANSACTIONS ON NETWORKING, VOL. 16, NO. 1, FEBRUARY 2008 1 Measurement and Analysis a de- tailed profile of their contributions to the overall system latency and throughput. We first, and available memory. At high loads, the connection management latency increases sharply to dominate

Wang, Xin

319

IEEE TRANSACTION ON CONTROL SYSTEM TECHNOLOGY, VOL. XX, NO. Y, MONTH 2003 1 Control of Natural Gas Catalytic Partial  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

IEEE TRANSACTION ON CONTROL SYSTEM TECHNOLOGY, VOL. XX, NO. Y, MONTH 2003 1 Control of Natural Gas that reforms natural gas to hydrogen-rich mixture to feed the anode field of fuel cell stack is considered partial oxidation of the methane in the natural gas. We present a model-based control analysis and design

Peng, Huei

320

60 IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON PLASMA SCIENCE, VOL. 27, NO. 1, FEBRUARY 1999 Plasmoid Formation and Multiple Steady States in a  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

60 IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON PLASMA SCIENCE, VOL. 27, NO. 1, FEBRUARY 1999 Plasmoid Formation in a low pressure inductively coupled plasma in chlorine gas. A bowl-shaped bright structure with sharply was chilled with a water- Manuscript received July 7, 1998. This work was supported by the National Science

Economou, Demetre J.

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321

IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON CONTROL SYSTEMS TECHNOLOGY, VOL. 12, NO. 1, JANUARY 2004 75 Optimal Pulse Shaping for Plasma Processing  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

and control of next generation plasma process reactors must be explored. Standard operation of plasma reactors describes the bulk plasma region of a pure argon inductively coupled reactor and is developed using a zeroIEEE TRANSACTIONS ON CONTROL SYSTEMS TECHNOLOGY, VOL. 12, NO. 1, JANUARY 2004 75 Optimal Pulse

Raja, Laxminarayan L.

322

1996 IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON SMART GRID, VOL. 4, NO. 4, DECEMBER 2013 Active Participation of Demand Through a  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

1996 IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON SMART GRID, VOL. 4, NO. 4, DECEMBER 2013 Active Participation of Demand Through a Secondary Ancillary Services Market in a Smart Grid Environment V. J. Martinez, Student Member in the paradigm of smart grids and distributed generation is formu- lated. The objective is to transform

Dixon, Juan

323

IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON SMART GRID, VOL. 2, NO. 4, DECEMBER 2011 675 A Lightweight Message Authentication Scheme for  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON SMART GRID, VOL. 2, NO. 4, DECEMBER 2011 675 A Lightweight Message Authentication Scheme for Smart Grid Communications Mostafa M. Fouda, Member, IEEE, Zubair Md. Fadlullah, Member Abstract--Smart grid (SG) communication has recently received significant attentions to facilitate

Shen, Xuemin "Sherman"

324

IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON SMART GRID, VOL. 4, NO. 2, JUNE 2013 1087 Reliability Modeling and Evaluation of Power  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON SMART GRID, VOL. 4, NO. 2, JUNE 2013 1087 Reliability Modeling and Evaluation, and Mirrasoul J. Mousavi, Senior Member, IEEE Abstract--Smart grid technologies leveraging advancements of smart grid monitoring and proposes a mathemat- ical model to assess its impact on power grid reliability

Fu, Yong

325

IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON SMART GRID, VOL. 2, NO. 4, DECEMBER 2011 835 Cyber Attack Exposure Evaluation Framework for  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON SMART GRID, VOL. 2, NO. 4, DECEMBER 2011 835 Cyber Attack Exposure Evaluation Framework for the Smart Grid Adam Hahn, Student Member, IEEE, and Manimaran Govindarasu, Senior Member, IEEE Abstract--The smart grid's heavy reliance on cyber resources introduces numerous security concerns

Manimaran, Govindarasu

326

IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON SMART GRID, VOL. X, NO. X, XXXXXX 2013 1 Load Curve Data Cleansing and Imputation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON SMART GRID, VOL. X, NO. X, XXXXXX 2013 1 Load Curve Data Cleansing Abstract--The smart grid vision is to build an intelligent power network with an unprecedented level- ponents pursuit, smart grid. I. INTRODUCTION The US power grid has been recognized as the most important

Giannakis, Georgios

327

66 IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON SMART GRID, VOL. 4, NO. 1, MARCH 2013 Decentralized Controls and Communications for  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

66 IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON SMART GRID, VOL. 4, NO. 1, MARCH 2013 Decentralized Controls and Communications for Autonomous Distribution Networks in Smart Grid Chun-Hao Lo, Student Member, IEEE, and Nirwan and communications technologies to actualize smart grid modernization. In this paper, we design au- tonomous

Ansari, Nirwan

328

IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON COMPUTERS, VOL. c-30, NO. 12, DECEMBER 1981 PASM: A Partitionable SIMD/MIMD System  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON COMPUTERS, VOL. c-30, NO. 12, DECEMBER 1981 PASM: A Partitionable SIMD/or MIMD machines. PASM consists of a parallel computation unit, which contains N processors, N memories systems, multiple-SIMD machines, parallel processing, partitionable computer systems, PASM, recon

329

66 IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON SUSTAINABLE ENERGY, VOL. 1, NO. 2, JULY 2010 Optimization of Wind Turbine Performance With  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

66 IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON SUSTAINABLE ENERGY, VOL. 1, NO. 2, JULY 2010 Optimization of Wind Turbine, torque, tower acceleration, wind turbine vibrations. I. INTRODUCTION I NTEREST in renewable energy has to carbon taxation has become a catalyst in the quest for clean energy. Wind energy has been most

Kusiak, Andrew

330

28 IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON SUSTAINABLE ENERGY, VOL. 2, NO. 1, JANUARY 2011 Adaptive Control of a Wind Turbine With Data  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

28 IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON SUSTAINABLE ENERGY, VOL. 2, NO. 1, JANUARY 2011 Adaptive Control of a Wind of the most viable sources of renewable energy, wind power is undergoing rapid expansion. Although wind energy research has expanded in scope to cover domains such as, for example, wind energy conversion [1], [2

Kusiak, Andrew

331

IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON ENERGY CONVERSION, VOL. 24, NO. 1, MARCH 2009 125 Short-Term Prediction of Wind Farm Power  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON ENERGY CONVERSION, VOL. 24, NO. 1, MARCH 2009 125 Short-Term Prediction of Wind Farm Power: A Data Mining Approach Andrew Kusiak, Member, IEEE, Haiyang Zheng, and Zhe Song, Student Member, IEEE Abstract--This paper examines time series models for predicting the power of a wind

Kusiak, Andrew

332

434 IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON SMART GRID, VOL. 3, NO. 1, MARCH 2012 Vehicle-to-Aggregator Interaction Game  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

434 IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON SMART GRID, VOL. 3, NO. 1, MARCH 2012 Vehicle-to-Aggregator Interaction frequency regulation service to the grid. We develop a smart pricing policy and design a mechanism, optimization, smart grid. I. INTRODUCTION A. Background RECENT studies have shown that about 70% of the total

Huang, Jianwei

333

Aligning modes of organization with technology: Critical transactions in the reform of infrastructures  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

in parenthesis) 24 Initiative to develop intelligent electricity networks include www.smartgrids.eu (2007

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

334

EIA - State Electricity Profiles  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Vermont Electricity Profile 2010 Vermont profile Vermont Electricity Profile 2010 Vermont profile Table 1. 2010 Summary Statistics (Vermont) Item Value U.S. Rank NERC Region(s) NPCC Primary Energy Source Nuclear Net Summer Capacity (megawatts) 1,128 50 Electric Utilities 260 45 Independent Power Producers & Combined Heat and Power 868 43 Net Generation (megawatthours) 6,619,990 49 Electric Utilities 720,853 44 Independent Power Producers & Combined Heat and Power 5,899,137 35 Emissions (thousand metric tons) Sulfur Dioxide * 51 Nitrogen Oxide 1 50 Carbon Dioxide 8 51 Sulfur Dioxide (lbs/MWh) * 51 Nitrogen Oxide (lbs/MWh) 0.2 51 Carbon Dioxide (lbs/MWh) 3 51 Total Retail Sales (megawatthours) 5,594,833 51 Full Service Provider Sales (megawatthours) 5,594,833 48 Direct Use (megawatthours) 19,806 47

335

Electric Power Monthly  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Annual Annual Technical Notes This appendix describes how the U.S. Energy Information Administration collects, estimates, and reports electric power data in the Electric Power Annual. Data Quality and Submission The Electric Power Annual (EPA) is prepared by the Office of Electricity, Renewables, and Uranium Statistics (ERUS), U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA), U.S. Department of Energy (DOE). ERUS performs routine reviews of the data collection respondent frames, survey forms, and reviews the quality of the data received. Data are entered directly by respondents into the ERUS Internet Data Collection (IDC) system. A small number of hard copy forms are keyed into the system by ERUS personnel. All data are subject to review via interactive edits built into the IDC system, internal quality assurance reports, and review by ERUS

336

Electric current locator  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

The disclosure herein provides an apparatus for location of a quantity of current vectors in an electrical device, where the current vector has a known direction and a known relative magnitude to an input current supplied to the electrical device. Mathematical constants used in Biot-Savart superposition equations are determined for the electrical device, the orientation of the apparatus, and relative magnitude of the current vector and the input current, and the apparatus utilizes magnetic field sensors oriented to a sensing plane to provide current vector location based on the solution of the Biot-Savart superposition equations. Description of required orientations between the apparatus and the electrical device are disclosed and various methods of determining the mathematical constants are presented.

King, Paul E. (Corvallis, OR); Woodside, Charles Rigel (Corvallis, OR)

2012-02-07T23:59:59.000Z

337

National Electric Transmission Congestion Studies  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Section 216(a) of the Federal Power Act, as amended by the Energy Policy Act of 2005, directs the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) to conduct a study every three years on electric transmission...

338

Electrical Effects of HVDC Transmission Lines  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Electrical effects can constrain the design of prospective high-voltage direct current (HVDC) lines operating either alone or sharing the same rights of way structures with high-voltage alternate current (HVAC) lines. In 2013, the Electric Power Research Institute (EPRI) research on HVDC electrical effects focused on electric field and ion density at ground level. The ultimate goal of the project is to calculate with confidence these electrical effects. The algorithms on which the software currently ...

2013-11-08T23:59:59.000Z

339

Electricity Delivery and Energy Reliability  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

The Office of Electricity Delivery and Energy Reliability (OE) drives electric grid modernization and resiliency in the energy infrastructure while working to enable innovation across the energy sector, empowering American consumers, and securing our energy future. The OE mission and the leadership role OE plays in the energy industry directly support the President's effort to accelerate the transformation of America's energy system

340

Prestressed glass, aezoelectric electrical power source  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

An electrical power source which comprises a body of prestressed glass having a piezoelectric transducer supported on the body in direct mechanical coupling therewith.

Newson, Melvin M. (Albuquerque, NM)

1976-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

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341

Policymakers' Guidebook for Geothermal Electricity Generation (Brochure)  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This document provides an overview of the NREL Geothermal Policymakers' Guidebook for Electricity Generation with information directing people to the Web site for more in-depth information.

Not Available

2011-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

342

Biomimetic electrical stimulation for cardiac tissue engineering.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??A major challenge of tissue engineering is directing cells to establish the physiological structure and function of the tissue being replaced. Electrical stimulation has been (more)

Tandon, Nina

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

343

Coupling Magnetism to Electricity in Multiferroic Heterostructures  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Antiferromagnets (AFM) are pervasive in the recording industry. ... direction) with an applied electric field to the underlying antiferromagnetic ferroelectric. In this...

344

Profiles of foreign direct investment in US energy, 1990  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Profiles of Foreign Direct Investment in US Energy 1990 describes the role of foreign ownership in US energy enterprises, with respect to investment, energy operations, and financial performance. Additionally, since energy investments are made in a global context, outward investment in energy is reviewed through an examination of US-based companies' patterns of investment in foreign petroleum. The data used in this report come from the Energy Information Administration (EIA), the US Department of Commerce, company annual reports, and public disclosures of investment transactions.

Not Available

1992-04-08T23:59:59.000Z

345

Profiles of foreign direct investment in US energy, 1991  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Profiles of Foreign Direct Investment in US Energy 1991 describes the role of foreign ownership in US energy enterprises, with respect to investment, energy operations, and financial performance. Additionally, since energy investments are made in a global context, outward investment in energy is reviewed trough an examination of US-based companies` patterns of investment in foreign petroleum. The data used in this report come from the Energy Information Administration (EIA), the US Department of Commerce, company annual reports, and public disclosures of investment transactions.

Not Available

1993-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

346

Profiles of foreign direct investment in US energy, 1990  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Profiles of Foreign Direct Investment in US Energy 1990 describes the role of foreign ownership in US energy enterprises, with respect to investment, energy operations, and financial performance. Additionally, since energy investments are made in a global context, outward investment in energy is reviewed through an examination of US-based companies` patterns of investment in foreign petroleum. The data used in this report come from the Energy Information Administration (EIA), the US Department of Commerce, company annual reports, and public disclosures of investment transactions.

Not Available

1992-04-08T23:59:59.000Z

347

Electrical Vehicles in the Smart Grid: A Mean Field Game Analysis  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In this article, we investigate the competitive interaction between electrical vehicles or hybrid oil-electricity vehicles in a Cournot market consisting of electricity transactions to or from an underlying electricity distribution network. We provide a mean field game formulation for this competition, and introduce the set of fundamental differential equations ruling the behavior of the vehicles at the system equilibrium, namely the mean field equilibrium. This framework allows for a consistent analysis of the evolution of the sale-and-purchase price of electricity as well as of the instantaneous total demand. Simulations precisely quantify those parameters and suggest that following the charge and discharge policy at the equilibrium allows for a significant reduction of the daily electricity peak demand.

Couillet, Romain; Tembine, Hamidou; Debbah, Merouane

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

348

MEMORANDUM FOR DISTRIBUTION FROM: DEAN G. SUBJECT: Business Process Change for Inter-Entity Transactions  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

6, 2004 6, 2004 MEMORANDUM FOR DISTRIBUTION FROM: DEAN G. SUBJECT: Business Process Change for Inter-Entity Transactions The i~i~ple~iientation of Oracle Public Sector Financials software as the Department's new core fi~iaiicial systeni on October 1 , 2004, will require a business process change in the way the Department finances and accouiits for work performed by one DOE office or integrated contractor for another. The purpose of this memorandum is to notify you of thc changes required and to ask for your feedback on the proposed approach. Our currcnt policy on accounting for transfers is set forth in the DOE Accounting Handbook, Chapter 12, "Transfers." On the basis of input from the I-MANAGEISTARS Project Team, my office has revised Chapter 12 to describe how work performed by one

349

Electricity Costs  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Carbon Emissions Caps and the Impact of a Radical Change in Nuclear Electricity Costs journal International Journal of Energy Economics and Policy volume year month chapter...

350

Definition: Direct current | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Definition Definition Edit with form History Facebook icon Twitter icon » Definition: Direct current Jump to: navigation, search Dictionary.png Direct current A type of electricity transmission and distribution by which electricity flows in one direction through the conductor, usually relatively low voltage and high current (such as from a battery). To be used for typical 120 volt or 220 volt household appliances, DC must be converted to alternating current (AC).[1][2] View on Wikipedia Wikipedia Definition Direct current (DC) is the unidirectional flow of electric charge. Direct current is produced by sources such as batteries, thermocouples, solar cells, and commutator-type electric machines of the dynamo type. Direct current may flow in a conductor such as a wire, but can also flow

351

Distributional and Efficiency Impacts of Clean and Renewable Energy Standards for Electricity  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We examine the efficiency and distributional impacts of greenhouse gas policies directed toward the electricity

Rausch, Sebastian

2012-07-17T23:59:59.000Z

352

Apparatuses and methods for generating electric fields  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Apparatuses and methods relating to generating an electric field are disclosed. An electric field generator may include a semiconductive material configured in a physical shape substantially different from a shape of an electric field to be generated thereby. The electric field is generated when a voltage drop exists across the semiconductive material. A method for generating an electric field may include applying a voltage to a shaped semiconductive material to generate a complex, substantially nonlinear electric field. The shape of the complex, substantially nonlinear electric field may be configured for directing charged particles to a desired location. Other apparatuses and methods are disclosed.

Scott, Jill R; McJunkin, Timothy R; Tremblay, Paul L

2013-08-06T23:59:59.000Z

353

Electric machine  

SciTech Connect

An interior permanent magnet electric machine is disclosed. The interior permanent magnet electric machine comprises a rotor comprising a plurality of radially placed magnets each having a proximal end and a distal end, wherein each magnet comprises a plurality of magnetic segments and at least one magnetic segment towards the distal end comprises a high resistivity magnetic material.

El-Refaie, Ayman Mohamed Fawzi (Niskayuna, NY); Reddy, Patel Bhageerath (Madison, WI)

2012-07-17T23:59:59.000Z

354

Electric Adsorption Heat Pump for Electric Vehicles: Electric-Powered Adsorption Heat Pump for Electric Vehicles  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

HEATS Project: PNNL is developing a new class of advanced nanomaterial called an electrical metal organic framework (EMOF) for EV heating and cooling systems. The EMOF would function similar to a conventional heat pump, which circulates heat or cold to the cabin as needed. However, by directly controlling the EMOF's properties with electricity, the PNNL design is expected to use much less energy than traditional heating and cooling systems. The EMOF-based heat pumps would be light, compact, efficient, and run using virtually no moving parts.

None

2011-11-21T23:59:59.000Z

355

NREL: Learning - Geothermal Electricity Production  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Electricity Production Electricity Production Photo of a geothermal power plant. This geothermal power plant generates electricity for the Imperial Valley in California. Geothermal power plants use steam produced from reservoirs of hot water found a few miles or more below the Earth's surface to produce electricity. The steam rotates a turbine that activates a generator, which produces electricity. There are three types of geothermal power plants: dry steam, flash steam, and binary cycle. Dry Steam Dry steam power plants draw from underground resources of steam. The steam is piped directly from underground wells to the power plant where it is directed into a turbine/generator unit. There are only two known underground resources of steam in the United States: The Geysers in northern California and Yellowstone National Park in Wyoming, where there's

356

Presented at the ASHRAE 2003 Annual Meeting, June 28 July 2, 2003, in Kansas City, MO, and published in ASHRAE Transactions 109, part 2: 733-739  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

LBNL-50219 Presented at the ASHRAE 2003 Annual Meeting, June 28 ­ July 2, 2003, in Kansas City, MO, and published in ASHRAE Transactions 109, part 2: 733-739 The research reported here was funded, in part

357

IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON CONTROL SYSTEM TECHNOLOGY 1 Online Parameterization of Lumped Thermal  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

considered as an energy storage device for hybrid electric vehicles (HEV), plug-in hybrid electric vehicles (PHEV) and battery electric vehicles (BEV). Thermal management is a critical issue for onboard lithium are with the Vehicle and Battery Controls Depart- ment, Research and Advanced Engineering, Ford Motor Company, Dearborn

Stefanopoulou, Anna

358

Ancillary-service costs for 12 US electric utilities  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Ancillary services are those functions performed by electrical generating, transmission, system-control, and distribution-system equipment and people to support the basic services of generating capacity, energy supply, and power delivery. The Federal Energy Regulatory Commission defined ancillary services as ``those services necessary to support the transmission of electric power from seller to purchaser given the obligations of control areas and transmitting utilities within those control areas to maintain reliable operations of the interconnected transmission system.`` FERC divided these services into three categories: ``actions taken to effect the transaction (such as scheduling and dispatching services) , services that are necessary to maintain the integrity of the transmission system [and] services needed to correct for the effects associated with undertaking a transaction.`` In March 1995, FERC published a proposed rule to ensure open and comparable access to transmission networks throughout the country. The rule defined six ancillary services and developed pro forma tariffs for these services: scheduling and dispatch, load following, system protection, energy imbalance, loss compensation, and reactive power/voltage control.

Kirby, B.; Hirst, E.

1996-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

359

Electric moped  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Two electrically powered mopeds were designed and built. These vehicles offer single-person transportation which is convenient, quiet, low-cost, smooth, and pollution-free. The first moped has a 12 volt electrical system. The second has a 24 volt electrical system. They both have top speeds of about 20 miles per hour. They both use transistorized speed controls and deep-discharge, lead-acid batteries. These mopeds were put through a 750 mile test program. In this program, the 12 volt bike had an average range of nine miles. The 24 volt bike, with a smaller battery capacity, had an average range of six miles.

Ferschl, M.S.

1981-02-26T23:59:59.000Z

360

U.S. Department of Energy Office of Electricity Delivery & Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Department of Energy Office of Electricity Delivery & Energy Department of Energy Office of Electricity Delivery & Energy Reliability: Transmission Reliability Program U.S. Department of Energy Office of Electricity Delivery & Energy Reliability: Transmission Reliability Program The Transmission Reliability Program was established by Congress in 1999 to support a national laboratory/electricity industry partnership to conduct research on the reliability of the nation's electricity delivery infrastructure during the transition from regulated markets to competitive markets under restructuring. Competition and market forces are creating an exponential increase in the volume of power transactions and causing the grid to be used in ways for which it was not designed. The Transmission Reliability Program is developing advanced technologies, including

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "direct electricity transactions" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


361

Status of Direct Heat Application Projects | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Heat Application Projects Heat Application Projects Jump to: navigation, search OpenEI Reference LibraryAdd to library Journal Article: Status of Direct Heat Application Projects Abstract In order to promote the use of hydrothermal energy for direct heat applications, the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) has funded twenty-two demonstration projects. Eight of these projects are administered by the San Francisco Operation Office of the Department of Energy (DOE-SAN) with technical support form the Energy Technology Engineering Center (ETEC) of Rockwell International. The projects are described and their status given. Author Kendal S. Robinson Published Journal Geothermal Resources Council Transactions, 1981 DOI Not Provided Check for DOI availability: http://crossref.org Online Internet link for Status of Direct Heat Application Projects

362

Small Solar Electric Systems | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Small Solar Electric Systems Small Solar Electric Systems Small Solar Electric Systems July 15, 2012 - 4:11pm Addthis A small solar electric or photovoltaic system can be a reliable and pollution-free producer of electricity for your home or office. What are the key facts? Because PV technologies use both direct and scattered sunlight to create electricity, the solar resource across the United States is ample for home solar electric systems. Solar cells-the basic building blocks of a PV system -- consist of semiconductor materials. A typical home solar electric, or PV, system consists solar cells, modules or panels (which consist of solar cells), arrays (which consist of modules), and balance-of-system parts. A small solar electric or photovoltaic (PV) system can be a reliable and pollution-free producer of electricity for your home or office. Small PV

363

Small Solar Electric Systems | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Small Solar Electric Systems Small Solar Electric Systems Small Solar Electric Systems July 15, 2012 - 4:11pm Addthis A small solar electric or photovoltaic system can be a reliable and pollution-free producer of electricity for your home or office. What are the key facts? Because PV technologies use both direct and scattered sunlight to create electricity, the solar resource across the United States is ample for home solar electric systems. Solar cells-the basic building blocks of a PV system -- consist of semiconductor materials. A typical home solar electric, or PV, system consists solar cells, modules or panels (which consist of solar cells), arrays (which consist of modules), and balance-of-system parts. A small solar electric or photovoltaic (PV) system can be a reliable and pollution-free producer of electricity for your home or office. Small PV

364

EIA - State Electricity Profiles  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Trade and Reliability; All Reports See all Electricity Reports State Electricity Profiles. ... Electric Power Industry Emissions Estimates, 1990 Through 2010:

365

Electrical Effects of HVDC Transmission Lines--2012  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Electrical effects may constrain the design of prospective high-voltage direct current (HVDC) lines, when either alone or sharing the same structures with high-voltage alternating current (HVAC) lines. In 2012, the Electric Power Research Institute (EPRI) research focused on electric field and ion density at ground level. The ultimate goal is to calculate with confidence these electrical effects. The work built on research previously performed, including pioneering research performed at EPRIs ...

2012-12-12T23:59:59.000Z

366

Category:Electrical Techniques | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

source source History View New Pages Recent Changes All Special Pages Semantic Search/Querying Get Involved Help Apps Datasets Community Login | Sign Up Search Category Edit History Facebook icon Twitter icon » Category:Electrical Techniques Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Geothermalpower.jpg Looking for the Electrical Techniques page? For detailed information on Electrical Techniques as exploration techniques, click here. Category:Electrical Techniques Add.png Add a new Electrical Techniques Technique Subcategories This category has the following 2 subcategories, out of 2 total. D [+] Direct-Current Resistivity Survey‎ (2 categories) 3 pages E [+] Electromagnetic Techniques‎ (1 categories) 2 pages Pages in category "Electrical Techniques"

367

Electricity 2011  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Electricity > Soliciting comments on EIA-111 Electricity > Soliciting comments on EIA-111 EIA announces the proposal of Form EIA-111, Quarterly Electricity Imports and Exports Report Released: August 15, 2011 Background On August 11, 2011, a Federal Register Notice was published soliciting comments for the new EIA-111 survey form. The EIA-111, Quarterly Electricity Imports and Exports Report will replace the OE-781R, Monthly Electricity Imports and Exports Report. The OE-781R has been suspended and will be terminated upon the approval of the EIA-111. The OE-781R administered from July 2010 through May 2011, proved complex and confusing for the repondents. As a result, the EIA-111 was developed to more effectively and efficiently collect more accurate and meaningful data. The Paperwork Reduction Act (PRA) of 1995 requires that each Federal agency obtains approval from the Office of Management and Budget (OMB) before undertaking to collect information from ten or more persons, or continuing a collection for which the OMB approval and the OMB control number are about to expire. The approval process, which is popularly known as the "OMB clearance process," is extensive. It requires two Federal Register notices and a detailed application ("supporting statement") to OMB. The first Federal Register Notice was published on August 11, 2011. EIA is prepared to address the comments submitted by each individual.

368

Illinois Municipal Electric Agency - Electric Efficiency Program...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Electric Agency - Electric Efficiency Program < Back Eligibility Agricultural Commercial Industrial Institutional Municipal Utility Nonprofit Schools Savings Category Home...

369

Electric Trade in the United States  

Reports and Publications (EIA)

Final Issue Presents information on bulk power transactions by investor-owned utilities, Federal and other publicly-owned utilities, and cooperative utilities.

Information Center

1998-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

370

University Research Program in Robotics - "Technologies for Micro-Electrical-Mechanical Systems in directed Stockpile Work (DSW) Radiation and Campaigns", Final Technical Annual Report, Project Period 9/1/06 - 8/31/07  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The University Research Program in Robotics (URPR) is an integrated group of universities performing fundamental research that addresses broad-based robotics and automation needs of the NNSA Directed Stockpile Work (DSW) and Campaigns. The URPR mission is to provide improved capabilities in robotics science and engineering to meet the future needs of all weapon systems and other associated NNSA/DOE activities.

James S. Tulenko; Carl D. Crane

2007-12-13T23:59:59.000Z

371

Transmission Pricing of Distributed Multilateral Energy Transactions to Ensure System Security and Guide Economic Dispatch  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

] Alvarado, F and R. Rajamaran Inefficienceis of NERCs Transmission Loading Relief Procedures Electricity Journal, v. 11 no. 8, Oct. 1998. [2] Hogan, W. Getting the Prices Right in PJM; What the Data Teaches Us Electricity Journal, v.11 no. 7, Aug. 1998. [3...

Ilic, Marija; Hsieh, Eric; Remanan, Prasad

2004-06-16T23:59:59.000Z

372

Electricity Reliability  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

and reliability of the energy infrastructure, and facilitating recovery from disruptions to energy supply. MajorElectricity Delivery and Energy Reliability High Temperature Superconductivity (HTS) Visualization on the nation's energy delivery system Superconductors are important to meeting the nation's energy needs

373

Micro-economic Analysis of the Physical Constrained Markets: Game Theory Application to Competitive Electricity Markets  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Competition has been introduced in the electricity markets with the goal of reducing prices and improving efficiency. The basic idea which stays behind this choice is that, in competitive markets, a greater quantity of the good is exchanged at a lower and a lower price, leading to higher market efficiency. Electricity markets are pretty different from other commodities mainly due to the physical constraints related to the network structure that may impact the market performance. The network structure of the system on which the economic transactions need to be undertaken poses strict physical and operational constraints. Strategic interactions among producers that game the market with the objective of maximizing their producer surplus must be taken into account when modeling competitive electricity markets. The physical constraints, specific of the electricity markets, provide additional opportunity of gaming to the market players. Game theory provides a tool to model such a context. This paper discussed the a...

Bompard, E; Ragazzi, E; Bompard, Ettore; Ma, Yuchao; Ragazzi, Elena

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

374

Wind turbine having a direct-drive drivetrain - Energy Innovation ...  

A wind turbine comprising an electrical generator that includes a rotor assembly. A wind rotor that includes a wind rotor hub is directly coupled to the rotor ...

375

Laser Assisted Direct Local Synthesis of Semiconducting Nanowires  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

electrically driven lasers," Nature 421 (6920), 241-245 (Hsu, A. Bushmaker et al. , "Laser Directed Growth of Carbon-al. , "Scanning focused laser activation of carbon nanotube

RYU, SANG GIL

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

376

Evaluation and Ranking of Geothermal Resources for Electrical Generation or Electrical Offset in Idaho, Montana, Oregon and Washington. Volume II.  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

This volume contains appendices on: (1) resource assessment - electrical generation computer results; (2) resource assessment summary - direct use computer results; (3) electrical generation (high temperature) resource assessment computer program listing; (4) direct utilization (low temperature) resource assessment computer program listing; (5) electrical generation computer program CENTPLANT and related documentation; (6) electrical generation computer program WELLHEAD and related documentation; (7) direct utilization computer program HEATPLAN and related documentation; (8) electrical generation ranking computer program GEORANK and related documentation; (9) direct utilization ranking computer program GEORANK and related documentation; and (10) life cycle cost analysis computer program and related documentation. (ACR)

Bloomquist, R. Gordon

1985-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

377

INDEPENDENT ELECTRICITY SYSTEM OPERATOR  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The Board of Directors of the Independent Electricity System Operator (IESO) has adopted this Charter as part of its commitment to high standards of corporate governance in pursuing the objects of the IESO set out in the Electricity Act, 1998. This Charter describes the Boards mandate, accountability and composition, and sets out a specific Code of Conduct for the Board. More detailed information about the IESOs corporate governance is set out in the Governance and Structure By?law and in corporate policies, notably the Terms of Reference for a Director. The activities of the Board and its Committees are formally recorded in minutes of meetings. MANDATE The Board shall manage and supervise the management of the IESOs business and affairs and shall provide insight, input into and oversight of the development of the IESOs strategic direction. More specifically, the Boards mandate includes: periodically reviewing with Management: the strategic environment; the emergence of new risks and opportunities and the implications of such risks and opportunities for the IESOs strategic direction; and the establishment and operation of the IESO?administered markets to promote the purposes of the Electricity Act, 1998 including, without limitation, making market rules and amendments thereto; approving strategic plans that take into account the IESOs major risks and opportunities and overseeing the management of those risks; 2 appointing, monitoring and assessing the performance of the Chief Executive

unknown authors

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

378

Electrical aspects of rainout  

SciTech Connect

Rainout commonly denotes the aggregate of phenomena associated with precipitation scavenging of radioactivity from a cloud of nuclear debris that is within a natural rain cloud. (In contrast, the term, washout, is applicable when the nuclear cloud is below the rain cloud and the term, fallout, commonly denotes the direct gravitational settling of contaminated solid material from a nuclear cloud.) Nuclear debris aerosols may be scavenged within natural clouds by a variety of different physical processes which may involve diffusion, convection, impaction, nucleation, phoresis, turbulence, and/or electricity among others. Processes which involve electrical aspects are scrutinized for their susceptibility to the intimate presence of the radioactive-cloud environment. This particular choice of electrical processes is not accidental. Nearly all of the listed processes were examined earlier by Williams. His rough estimates suggested that electrical effects, and to a lesser extent turbulence, could enhance the scavenging of those submicron aerosols which reside in the size-range that bridges the minimum in the scavenging rate coefficient which is commonly called the Greenfield gap. This minimum in the scavenging-rate coefficient is created by the simultaneous reduction of scavenging via diffusion and the reduction of scavenging via inertial impaction. However, Williams omitted the specific influence of a radioactive environment. This report aims to remedy this omission.

Rosenkilde, C.E.

1981-11-23T23:59:59.000Z

379

Research Publications of Tapan Saha Condition Monitoring of Electrical Plants  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Assessment of transformer insulation Based on Dielectric response measurements", IEEE Transactions on Power Insulation Condition in Aged Transformers", IEEE Transactions on Power Delivery, Vol. 18, No. 4, October 2003 Insulation Conditions in Service Aged Transformers", IEEE Transactions on Power Delivery, Vol. 18, No.1

Saha, Tapan Kumar

380

GENERAL ELECTRIC POWER SYSTEMS  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Since last years GTC Conference, a considerable number of significant events have occurred in the gasification technology marketplace. New IGCC projects have come on stream with commercial operation, other new IGCC projects have been announced and started in development, environmental issues have gained emphasis, and energy prices, notably natural gas, have escalated dramatically. Directionally, all of these events appear to have created a more favorable atmosphere for IGCC projects. Related to an ongoing IGCC project currently in development, a joint analysis has been performed by Global Energy, General Electric Power Systems, and Praxair to evaluate technical and economic elements for the performance of BGL Gasification Technology based on solid hydrocarbon fuel feed to an IGCC for power generation. Results of the analysis provide a picture of the relative economics in todays environment for electrical power generation by conventional natural gas fired combined cycle power systems compared to using BGL Gasification Technology in an IGCC configuration. 2

Igcc Power Generation; Richard A. Olliver; John M. Wainwright; Raymond F. Drnevich Abstract

2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "direct electricity transactions" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


381

Growth-optimal investments and numeraire portfolios under transaction costs: An analysis based on the von Neumann-Gale model  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The aim of this work is to extend the capital growth theory developed by Kelly, Breiman, Cover and others to asset market models with transaction costs. We define a natural generalization of the notion of a numeraire portfolio proposed by Long and show how such portfolios can be used for constructing growth-optimal investment strategies. The analysis is based on the classical von Neumann-Gale model of economic dynamics, a stochastic version of which we use as a framework for the modelling of financial markets with frictions.

Bahsoun, Wael; Taksar, Michael I

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

382

A Transactions Choice Model for Forecasting Demand for Alternative-Fuel Vehicles  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

compressednatural gas (CNG), methanol, and electric (EV).avallabday for ded;cated CNG vehicle Service s~atlon avada~CNOStatmn Wagon (dummy) CNG*Van(dummy) CNG-~Utlhty(dummy)

Brownstone, David; Bunch, David S; Golob, Thomas F; Ren, Weiping

1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

383

A Transaction Choice Model for Forecasting Demand for Alternative-Fuel Vehicles  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

compressednatural gas (CNG), methanol, and electric (EV).avallabday for ded;cated CNG vehicle Service s~atlon avada~CNOStatmn Wagon (dummy) CNG*Van(dummy) CNG-~Utlhty(dummy)

Brownstone, David; Bunch, David S.; Golob, Thomas F.; Ren, Weiping

1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

384

A Dynamic household Alternative-fuel Vehicle Demand Model Using Stated and Revealed Transaction Information  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

non-electric vehicles, non-CNG vehicles, vehicle size, andrelated to ability to refuel EV or CNG vehicles at home.type vehicles: gasoline, CNG, methanol and EV. In the Wave-1

Sheng, Hongyan

1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

385

IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON VEHICULAR TECHNOLOGY, VOL. 48, NO. 1, JANUARY 1999 319 Autonomous Intelligent Cruise Control  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Warehouse Safety Vehicle Fleet Management Utilities Chemistry Utilities Distribution Utilities Management Central Warehouse Safety Vehicle Fleet Management Purchasing Department Supply Central Warehouse Safety Energy Management Drafting Architecture Elevator Management Contract Management Electrical Engineering

Ioannou, Petros

386

Compare All CBECS Activities: Electricity Generation  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

By Electricity Generation By Electricity Generation Compare Activities by ... Electricity Generation Capability For commercial buildings as a whole, approximately 8 percent of buildings had the capability to generate electricity, and only 4 percent of buildings actually generated any electricity. Most all buildings generated electricity only for the purpose of emergency back-up. Inpatient health care and public order and safety buildings were much more likely to have the capability to generate electricity than other building types. Over half of all inpatient health care buildings and about one-third of public order and safety buildings actually used this capability. Electricity Generation Capability and Use by Building Type Top Specific questions may be directed to: Joelle Michaels

387

Recycling of wasted energy : thermal to electrical energy conversion.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Harvesting useful electric energy from ambient thermal gradients and/or temperature fluctuations is immensely important. For many years, a number of direct and indirect thermal-to-electrical energy (more)

Lim, Hyuck

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

388

Virginia Electric Utility Regulation Act (Virginia) | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Electric Utility Regulation Act (Virginia) Electric Utility Regulation Act (Virginia) Virginia Electric Utility Regulation Act (Virginia) < Back Eligibility Commercial Industrial Investor-Owned Utility Municipal/Public Utility Rural Electric Cooperative Systems Integrator Utility Savings Category Alternative Fuel Vehicles Hydrogen & Fuel Cells Buying & Making Electricity Water Home Weatherization Solar Wind Program Info State Virginia Program Type Safety and Operational Guidelines Provider Virginia State Corporation Commission The Virginia Electric Utility Regulation Act constitutes the main legislation in Virginia that pertains to the regulation of the state's electric utilities. The Act directs the State Corporation Commission to construct regulations for electric utilities, and contains information on

389

Electricity Transmission, A Primer  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

the electric power system, 2) gives electricity customers flexibility to diversify the mix of fuels that produces their electricity by giving them access to power plants, 3)...

390

Retail Electricity Competition  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Reliability and Competitive Electricity Markets mimeo, MITCSEM WP 130 Retail Electricity Competition * Paul Joskow andwww.ucei.org Retail Electricity Competition ? Paul Joskow

Joskow, Paul; Tirole, Jean

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

391

Capacity Markets for Electricity  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Designing Markets for Electricity. Wiley IEEE Press. [25]in the England and Wales Electricity Market, Power WorkingFelder (1996), Should Electricity Markets Have a Capacity

Creti, Anna; Fabra, Natalia

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

392

Designing Electricity Auctions  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

market performance in electricity auctions, it appears thatMcSorely (2001) Regulating Electricity Markets: Experiencethe United Kingdom, The Electricity Journal, December, 81-

Fabra, Natalia; von der Fehr, Nils-Henrik; Harbord, David

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

393

Designing Electricity Auctions  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

J. (2002) Why Did Electricity Prices Fall in England &Why Did British Electricity Prices Fall After 1998? ,The Fall in British Electricity Prices: Market Rules, Market

Fabra, Natalia; von der Fehr, Nils-Henrik; Harbord, David

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

394

Electric Power Annual  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

F. Coal: Consumption for Electricity Generation and Useful Thermal Output, by Sector, 2001 - 2011 (Billion Btus) Electric Power Sector Period Total (all sectors) Electric Utilities...

395

High Temperatures & Electricity Demand  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

High Temperatures & Electricity Demand An Assessment of Supply Adequacy in California Trends.......................................................................................................1 HIGH TEMPERATURES AND ELECTRICITY DEMAND.....................................................................................................................7 SECTION I: HIGH TEMPERATURES AND ELECTRICITY DEMAND ..........................9 BACKGROUND

396

This article has been accepted for inclusion in a future issue of this journal. Content is final as presented, with the exception of pagination. IEEE/ACM TRANSACTIONS ON NETWORKING 1  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

as presented, with the exception of pagination. IEEE/ACM TRANSACTIONS ON NETWORKING 1 Bounds of Asymptotic be effectively disseminated among vehicles in proximity by means of over-the-air communications April 14, 2012; revised January 14, 2013; accepted April 07, 2013; approved by IEEE/ACM TRANSACTIONS

Shen, Xuemin "Sherman"

397

Directions for improved fusion reactors  

SciTech Connect

Conceptual fusion reactor studies over the past 10 to 15 years have projected systems that may be too large, complex, and costly to be of commercial interest. One main direction for improved fusion reactors points towards smaller, higher-power-density approaches. First-order economic issues (i.e., unit direct cost and cost of electricity) are used to support the need for more compact fusion reactors. A generic fusion physics/engineering/costing model is used to provide a quantiative basis for these arguments for specific fusion concepts.

Krakowski, R.A.; Miller, R.L.; Delene, J.G.

1986-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

398

Axial Current Generation from Electric Field: Chiral Electric Separation Effect  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We study a relativistic plasma containing charged chiral fermions in an external electric field. We show that with the presence of both vector and axial charge densities, the electric field can induce an axial current along its direction and thus cause chirality separation. We call it the Chiral Electric Separation Effect (CESE). On very general basis, we argue that the strength of CESE is proportional to $\\mu_V\\mu_A$ with $\\mu_V$ and $\\mu_A$ the chemical potentials for vector charge and axial charge. We then explicitly calculate this CESE conductivity coefficient in thermal QED at leading-log order. The CESE can manifest a new gapless wave mode propagating along the electric field. Potential observable of CESE in heavy-ion collisions is also discussed.

Xu-Guang Huang; Jinfeng Liao

2013-03-28T23:59:59.000Z

399

Central Hudson Gas & Electric (Electric) - Commercial Lighting...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

icon Twitter icon Central Hudson Gas & Electric (Electric) - Commercial Lighting Rebate Program (New York) This is the approved revision of this page, as well as...

400

Hybrid Electric and Pure Electric vehicle testing  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Hybrid Electric and Pure Electric Vehicle Testing (Advanced Vehicle Testing Activity) Jim Francfort Discovery Center of Idaho - September 2005 INLCON-05-00693 HEV & EV Testing...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "direct electricity transactions" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


401

NREL: Electricity Integration Research - Electricity, Resources...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Electricity, Resources, and Building Systems Integration Center NREL's Electricity, Resources, and Building Systems Integration Center brings together diverse groups of experts...

402

Electrical receptacle  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

The invention is a receptacle for a three prong electrical plug which has either a tubular or U-shaped grounding prong. The inventive receptacle has a grounding prong socket which is sufficiently spacious to prevent the socket from significantly stretching when a larger, U-shaped grounding prong is inserted into the socket, and having two ridges to allow a snug fit when a smaller tubular shape grounding prong is inserted into the socket. The two ridges are made to prevent the socket from expanding when either the U-shaped grounding prong or the tubular grounding prong is inserted.

Leong, R.

1993-06-22T23:59:59.000Z

403

Electrical receptacle  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

The invention is a receptacle for a three prong electrical plug which has either a tubular or U-shaped grounding prong. The inventive receptacle has a grounding prong socket which is sufficiently spacious to prevent the socket from significantly stretching when a larger, U-shaped grounding prong is inserted into the socket, and having two ridges to allow a snug fit when a smaller tubular shape grounding prong is inserted into the socket. The two ridges are made to prevent the socket from expanding when either the U-shaped grounding prong or the tubular grounding prong is inserted.

Leong, R.

1991-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

404

Electrical receptacle  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

The invention is a receptacle for a three prong electrical plug which has either a tubular or U-shaped grounding prong. The inventive receptacle has a grounding prong socket which is sufficiently spacious to prevent the socket from significantly stretching when a larger, U-shaped grounding prong is inserted into the socket, and having two ridges to allow a snug fit when a smaller tubular shape grounding prong is inserted into the socket. The two ridges are made to prevent the socket from expanding when either the U-shaped grounding prong or the tubular grounding prong is inserted.

Leong, Robert (Dublin, CA)

1993-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

405

Electrical receptacle  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

The invention is a receptacle for a three prong electrical plug which has either a tubular or U-shaped grounding prong. The inventive receptacle has a grounding prong socket which is sufficiently spacious to prevent the socket from significantly stretching when a larger, U-shaped grounding prong is inserted into the socket, and having two ridges to allow a snug fit when a smaller tubular shape grounding prong is inserted into the socket. The two ridges are made to prevent the socket from expanding when either the U-shaped grounding prong or the tubular grounding prong is inserted.

Leong, R.

1991-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

406

Electrical Engineering is a diverse discipline encompassing computer and information systems, controls, lasers,  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

. Concepts in rotating machinery analysis. Direct energy conversion. Prerequisite: EE 330. 390 Special70 ELECTRICAL Electrical Engineering is a diverse discipline encompassing computer and information environmental engineering and manufacturing to semiconductors and telecommunications. The Electrical Engineering

Rohs, Remo

407

Distributed Energy Resources On-Site Optimization for Commercial Buildings with Electric and Thermal Storage Technologies  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

by heat activated absorption cooling, direct-fired naturalsince electric cooling loads can be offset by the absorptioncooling loads: utility purchases of electricity, on-site generation of electricity, absorption

Stadler, Michael

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

408

Electric Resistance Heating  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Electric resistance heat can be supplied by centralized forced-air electric furnaces or by heaters in each room. Electric resistance heating converts nearly all of the energy in the electricity to...

409

Energy Basics: Electric Vehicles  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Photo of an electric bus driving up a hill. Electricity can be used as a transportation fuel to power battery electric vehicles (EVs). EVs store electricity in an energy storage...

410

Biomimetic electrical stimulation for cardiac tissue engineering  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A major challenge of tissue engineering is directing cells to establish the physiological structure and function of the tissue being replaced. Electrical stimulation has been used to induce synchronous contractions of ...

Tandon, Nina

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

411

Suppressant: Electric Fields  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

*. Bookmark and Share. Suppressant:Electric Fields. Fire Extinguishment of Pool Flames by Means of a DC electric Field.. ...

2011-11-04T23:59:59.000Z

412

Concrete Electrical Conductivity Test  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Concrete Electrical Conductivity Test. Description/Summary: ... Details. Type of software: Virtual concrete electrical conductivity test. Authors: ...

2013-06-11T23:59:59.000Z

413

EIA - State Electricity Profiles  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Greenhouse gas data, voluntary report- ing, electric power plant emissions. Highlights ... Generation and thermal output; Electric power plants generating capacity;

414

Electric Power Annual  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Electric Power Sector ; Period Total (all sectors) Electric Utilities Independent Power Producers Commercial Sector Industrial Sector; Annual Totals: ...

415

Electricity Market Module  

Reports and Publications (EIA)

Documents the Electricity Market Module as it was used for the Annual Energy Outlook 2013. The Electricity Market Module (EMM) is the electricity supply component of the National Energy Modeling System (NEMS). The EMM represents the generation, transmission, and pricing of electricity. It consists of four submodules: the Electricity Capacity Planning (ECP) Submodule, the Electricity Fuel Dispatch (EFD) Submodule, the Electricity Finance and Pricing (EFP) Submodule, and the Electricity Load and Demand (ELD) Submodule.

Jeff Jones

2013-07-24T23:59:59.000Z

416

Electric Power Metrology Portal  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... Electric Power Metrology and the Smart Grid Our country's way of life depends on the electric power distribution system. ...

2012-12-26T23:59:59.000Z

417

The Dynamics of an Electric Dipole Moment in a Stochastic Electric Field  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The mean-field dynamics of an electric dipole moment in a deterministic and a fluctuating electric field is solved to obtain the average over fluctuations of the dipole moment and the angular mo- mentum as a function of time for a Gaussian white noise stochastic electric field. The components of the average electric dipole moment and the average angular momentum along the deterministic electric field direction do not decay to zero, despite fluctuations in all three components of the elec- tric field. This is in contrast to the decay of the average over fluctuations of a magnetic moment in a stochastic magnetic field with Gaussian white noise in all three components. The components of the average electric dipole moment and the average angular momentum perpendicular to the deterministic electric field direction oscillate with time but decay to zero, and their variance grows with time.

Band, Y B

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

418

Electrical motor/generator drive apparatus and method - Energy ...  

The present disclosure includes electrical motor/generator drive systems and methods that significantly reduce inverter direct-current (DC) bus ripple currents and ...

419

The Past, Present, and Future of Electricity Reliability Oversight...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

90 The Energy Policy Act of 2005 directs the Federal Energy Regulatory Commission (FERC) to certify an Electricity Reliability Organization (ERO) that will propose and enforce...

420

Recycling of wasted energy : thermal to electrical energy conversion  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Nanoporous Thermal-to-Electrical Energy Conversion System (hand, the indirect energy conversion systems tend to beIn a direct energy conversion system, heat can be converted

Lim, Hyuck

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "direct electricity transactions" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


421

The Market Value and Cost of Solar Photovoltaic Electricity Production  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

are a form of distributed generation. The current directPV. As a form of distributed generation, solar PV is alsoprovisions for distributed generation. hour when electricity

Borenstein, Severin

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

422

ELECTRICAL MOTOR/GENERATOR DRIVE APPARATUS AND METHOD - Energy ...  

The present disclosure includes electrical motor/generator drive systems and methods that significantly reduce inverter direct-current (DC) bus ripple ...

423

Using Forward Markets to Improve Electricity Market Design  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Forward markets, both medium term and long term, complement the spot market for wholesale electricity. The forward markets reduce risk, mitigate market power, and coordinate new investment. In the medium term, a forward energy market lets suppliers and demanders lock in energy prices and quantities for one to three years. In the long term, a forward reliability market assures adequate resources are available when they are needed most. The forward markets reduce risk for both sides of the market, since they reduce the quantity of energy that trades at the more volatile spot price. Spot market power is mitigated by putting suppliers and demanders in a more balanced position at the time of the spot market. The markets also reduce transaction costs and improve liquidity and transparency. Recent innovations to the Colombia market illustrate the basic elements of the forward markets and their beneficial role. 1

Lawrence M. Ausubel; Peter Cramton

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

424

Electrical Safety  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

NOT MEASUREMENT NOT MEASUREMENT SENSITIVE DOE HANDBOOK ELECTRICAL SAFETY DOE-HDBK-1092-2013 July 2013 Superseding DOE-HDBK-1092-2004 December 2004 U.S. Department of Energy AREA SAFT Washington, D.C.20585 DISTRIBUTION STATEMENT A. Approved for public release; distribution is unlimited. DOE-HDBK-1092-2013 Available on the Department of Energy Technical Standards Program Web site at http://www.hss.doe.gov/nuclearsafety/techstds/ ii DOE-HDBK-1092-2013 FOREWORD 1. This Department of Energy (DOE) Handbook is approved for use by the Office of Health, Safety and Security and is available to all DOE components and their contractors. 2. Specific comments (recommendations, additions, deletions, and any pertinent data) to enhance this document should be sent to: Patrick Tran

425

DSM Electricity Savings Potential in the Buildings Sector in APP Countries  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

boilers Ranges & ovens Pool heaters Direct heating equipmentOvens Standby Washing Machines Televisions Space Cooling Electric Water Heating

McNeil, MIchael

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

426

IEEE Transactions on Consumer Electronics, Vol. 53, No. 3, AUGUST 2007 Contributed Paper  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

& Locked 2. Electric ___ Fuses Pulled ___ Locked Off ___ Tagged ___ Disconnected ___ Breaker Locked 3 requires new testing) Field Checker Signature Meter Reading Time Is Continuous Test Required? Permissible to immediate attention any job hazards uncovered. I have been trained in confined space entry and the possible

Schettini, Raimondo

427

IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON NEURAL NETWORKS, VOL. I , NO. 1, JANUARY 1996 3 The Dependence Identification Neural  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

training program was instituted to teach the PPBS and a "game" was created by General Electric's TEMPO, Suite 102, Charlotte, NC 28262 1 #12;to train people in the use of the new system. The Defense that taught itself to play checkers at a level on par with human experts. The system worked like this. Each

Antsaklis, Panos

428

IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON VEHICULAR TECHNOLOGY 1 Auction-based Network Selection in a Market-based  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

to pay depending on their preferences about the service; for example, trading off quality for a lower and Electrical Engineering, University of Strathclyde, Glasgow, G1 1XW, UK e- mail: jakub' perspective, the integration of wireless access technologies will allow for more efficient usage of network

Atkinson, Robert C

429

IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON MEDICAL IMAGING, VOL. 23, NO. 9, SEPTEMBER 2004 1117 Modality Independent Elastography (MIE)  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

. This data can then be used to reconstruct images of electrical conductivity which of image similarity to reconstruct elastic property distributions within soft tissue. In this paper imaging units. Additional results regarding the performance of a new multi- grid strategy to MIE

Miga, Michael I.

430

IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON KNOWLEDGE AND DATA ENGINEERING, VOL. 20, NO. 12, DECEMBER 2008 1585 TKDE 20(12) (December 2008) EIC Editorial  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

, streamlining the journal's focus areas, and organizing special issues, (as reported in the Volume 18, Number 1 in the Volume 18, Number 1 editorial), I appointed the first TKDE Survey Editor, Professor Chris Clifton from Transactions on Knowledge and Data Engineering (TKDE) has completed its 20 years of publication, and I have

Wu, Xindong

431

2884 IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON MAGNETICS, VOL. 41, NO. 10, OCTOBER 2005 Dynamics of the Oil-Air Interface in Hard Disk Drive  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of a "herringbone" (HB). The HB grooves move relative to the smooth stator and act as a stalled oil pump. When2884 IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON MAGNETICS, VOL. 41, NO. 10, OCTOBER 2005 Dynamics of the Oil of the oil-air interface (OAI) (also called meniscus) of the fluid dynamic bearings of hard disk drives, par

Dellar, Paul J.

432

IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON MAGNETICS, VOL 34, NO 5, SEPTEMBER 1998 On Line Diagnosis of Defaults on Squirrel Cage Motors Using FEM  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON MAGNETICS, VOL 34, NO 5, SEPTEMBER 1998 On Line Diagnosis of Defaults on Squirrel Cage Motors Using FEM A. Bentounsi Institut d'Electroniquede I'Universite de Constantine- Algerie a finer analysis, by use of a finite element based simulation. Index terms-Induction motor, faulty cage

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

433

ACM Transactions on Asian Language Information Processing, Vol. 3, No. 1, March 2004, Pages 66-85. An Ontology of Time for the Semantic Web  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

ACM Transactions on Asian Language Information Processing, Vol. 3, No. 1, March 2004, Pages 66. __________________________________________________________________________________________ This research was supported by the Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency under Air Force Research Laboratory of appear, and notice is given that copying is by permission of the ACM, Inc. To copy otherwise

Hobbs, Jerry R.

434

Wald L., 1999. Some terms of reference in data fusion. IEEE Transactions on Geosciences and Remote Sensing, 37, 3, 1190-SOME TERMS OF REFERENCE IN DATA  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Wald L., 1999. Some terms of reference in data fusion. IEEE Transactions on Geosciences and Remote Sensing, 37, 3, 1190- 1193. SOME TERMS OF REFERENCE IN DATA FUSION Wald Lucien Abstract--This paper discusses the needs for a concept and harmonized terms of reference in data fusion. Already published

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

435

J. H. Scofield and D. M. Fleetwood, IEEE Transactions on Nuclear Science NS-38, 1567-77 (December 1991). PHYSICAL BASIS FOR NONDESTRUCTIVE TESTS OF MOS RADIATION HARDNESS*  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

J. H. Scofield and D. M. Fleetwood, IEEE Transactions on Nuclear Science NS-38, 1567-77 (December 1991). PHYSICAL BASIS FOR NONDESTRUCTIVE TESTS OF MOS RADIATION HARDNESS* John H. Scofield Department noise and channel mobility measurements may be useful in defining nondestructive hardness assurance test

Scofield, John H.

436

1394 IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON POWER SYSTEMS, VOL. 22, NO. 4, NOVEMBER 2007 Economic Criteria for Planning Transmission  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

for Planning Transmission Investment in Restructured Electricity Markets Enzo E. Sauma, Member, IEEE. In reality, however, since the impacts of an electricity transmission project on different players may vary that should be considered when planning electricity transmission investments. We propose an electricity

Oren, Shmuel S.

437

Electrical initiation of an energetic nanolaminate film  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A heating apparatus comprising an energetic nanolaminate film that produces heat when initiated, a power source that provides an electric current, and a control that initiates the energetic nanolaminate film by directing the electric current to the energetic nanolaminate film and joule heating the energetic nanolaminate film to an initiation temperature. Also a method of heating comprising providing an energetic nanolaminate film that produces heat when initiated, and initiating the energetic nanolaminate film by directing an electric current to the energetic nanolaminate film and joule heating the energetic nanolaminate film to an initiation temperature.

Tringe, Joseph W. (Walnut Creek, CA); Gash, Alexander E. (Brentwood, CA); Barbee, Jr., Troy W. (Palo Alto, CA)

2010-03-30T23:59:59.000Z

438

Transactions of the Twenty-First Water Reactor Safety Information Meeting  

SciTech Connect

This report contains summaries of papers on reactor safety research to be presented at the 21st Water Reactor Safety Information Meeting at the Bethesda Marriott Hotel, Bethesda, Maryland, October 25--27, 1993. The summaries briefly describe the programs and results of nuclear safety research sponsored by the Office of Nuclear Regulatory Research, US NRC. Summaries of invited papers concerning nuclear safety issues from US government laboratories, the electric utilities, the Electric Power Research Institute (EPRI), the nuclear industry, and from foreign governments and industry are also included. The summaries have been compiled in one report to provide a basis for meaningful discussion and information exchange during the course of the meeting and are given in the order of their presentation in each session.

Monteleone, S. [comp.

1993-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

439

EU Metric Directive  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... View EU Metric Directive Commission Services Working Document PDF ... of European Union (EU) Meeting on Metric Directives (2005); Packaging ...

2012-12-13T23:59:59.000Z

440

Vertical Electrical Sounding Configurations | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Vertical Electrical Sounding Configurations Vertical Electrical Sounding Configurations Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Exploration Technique: Vertical Electrical Sounding Configurations Details Activities (0) Areas (0) Regions (0) NEPA(0) Exploration Technique Information Exploration Group: Geophysical Techniques Exploration Sub Group: Electrical Techniques Parent Exploration Technique: Direct-Current Resistivity Survey Information Provided by Technique Lithology: Rock composition, mineral and clay content Stratigraphic/Structural: Detection of permeable pathways, fracture zones, faults Hydrological: Resistivity influenced by porosity, grain size distribution, permeability, fluid saturation, fluid type and phase state of the pore water Thermal: Resistivity influenced by temperature

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "direct electricity transactions" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


441

DOE Fundamentals Handbook: Electrical Science, Volume 4  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The Electrical Science Fundamentals Handbook was developed to assist nuclear facility operating contractors provide operators, maintenance personnel, and the technical staff with the necessary fundamentals training to ensure a basic understanding of electrical theory, terminology, and application. The handbook includes information on alternating current (AC) and direct current (DC) theory, circuits, motors, and generators; AC power and reactive transformers; and electrical test components; batteries; AC and DC voltage regulators; instruments and measuring devices. This information will provide personnel with a foundation for understanding the basic operation of various types of DOE nuclear facility electrical equipment.

Not Available

1992-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

442

DOE Fundamentals Handbook: Electrical Science, Volume 3  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The Electrical Science Fundamentals Handbook was developed to assist nuclear facility operating contractors provide operators, maintenance personnel, and the technical staff with the necessary fundamentals training to ensure a basic understanding of electrical theory, terminology, and application. The handbook includes information on alternating current (AC) and direct current (DC) theory, circuits, motors and generators; AC power and reactive components; batteries; AC and DC voltage regulators; transformers; and electrical test instruments and measuring devices. This information will provide personnel with a foundation for understanding the basic operation of various types of DOE nuclear facility electrical equipment.

Not Available

1992-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

443

DOE Fundamentals Handbook: Electrical Science, Volume 1  

SciTech Connect

The Electrical Science Fundamentals Handbook was developed to assist nuclear facility operating contractors provide operators, maintenance personnel, and the technical staff with the necessary fundamentals training to ensure a basic understanding of electrical theory, terminology, and application. The handbook includes information on alternating current (AC) and direct current (DC) theory, circuits, motors, and generators; AC power and reactive components; batteries; AC and DC voltage regulators; transformers; and electrical test instruments and measuring devices. This information will provide personnel with a foundation for understanding the basic operation of various types of DOE nuclear facility electrical equipment.

Not Available

1992-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

444

Electrical Profiling Configurations | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Electrical Profiling Configurations Electrical Profiling Configurations Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Exploration Technique: Electrical Profiling Configurations Details Activities (0) Areas (0) Regions (0) NEPA(0) Exploration Technique Information Exploration Group: Geophysical Techniques Exploration Sub Group: Electrical Techniques Parent Exploration Technique: Direct-Current Resistivity Survey Information Provided by Technique Lithology: Rock composition, mineral and clay content Stratigraphic/Structural: Detection of permeable pathways, fracture zones, faults Hydrological: Resistivity influenced by porosity, grain size distribution, permeability, fluid saturation, fluid type and phase state of the pore water Thermal: Resistivity influenced by temperature

445

Buying Clean Electricity | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Buying Clean Electricity Buying Clean Electricity Buying Clean Electricity July 2, 2012 - 8:21pm Addthis You have the option to purchase renewable electricity, either directly from your power supplier, from an independent clean power generator, or through renewable energy certificates. | Photo courtesy of Alstom 2010. You have the option to purchase renewable electricity, either directly from your power supplier, from an independent clean power generator, or through renewable energy certificates. | Photo courtesy of Alstom 2010. What are the key facts? Everyone can purchase renewable power for their home or business for a small premium. Purchasing renewable power is your vote for cleaner air and water. Purchasing renewable power supports the growth of the renewable energy industry.

446

Bi-Directional Fast Charging Study Report  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

This report details the hardware and software infrastructure needed to demonstrate the possibility of utilizing battery power in plug-in hybrid electric vehicles (PHEVs) and electric vehicles (EVs) with a bi directional fast charger to support/offset peak building loads. This document fulfills deliverable requirements for Tasks 1.2.1.2, 1.2.1.3, and 1.2.1.4 of Statement of Work (SOW) No.5799 for Electric Transportation Engineering Corporation, now ECOtality North America (NA) support for the Idaho National Laboratory (INL).

Tyler Gray

2012-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

447

Methods of Conditioning Direct Methanol Fuel Cells  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Methods of Conditioning Direct Methanol Fuel Cells Methods of Conditioning Direct Methanol Fuel Cells Methods of Conditioning Direct Methanol Fuel Cells Methods for conditioning the membrane electrode assembly of a direct methanol fuel cell ("DMFC") are disclosed. Available for thumbnail of Feynman Center (505) 665-9090 Email Methods of Conditioning Direct Methanol Fuel Cells Methods for conditioning the membrane electrode assembly of a direct methanol fuel cell ("DMFC") are disclosed. In a first method, an electrical current of polarity opposite to that used in a functioning direct methanol fuel cell is passed through the anode surface of the membrane electrode assembly. In a second method, methanol is supplied to an anode surface of the membrane electrode assembly, allowed to cross over the polymer

448

Electricity Storage in Smart Grids  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON SMART GRID, VOL. 2, NO. 4, DECEMBER 2011 643 Guest Editorial Cyber, Physical, and System Security for Smart Grid The vision of a smart grid relies heavily on the information for optimized energy consumption. One critical aspect of the smart grid related information and com- munications

Dekker, Cees

449

Electrical Quantities Programs/Projects in Quantum Electrical ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Electrical Quantities Programs/Projects in Quantum Electrical Metrology. Electric Power Metrology and the Smart Grid. Contact. ...

2011-10-03T23:59:59.000Z

450

Electrical Equipment Inspection Program Electrical Safety  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

for Electrical Safety" (DOE )-HDBK-1092-2004 Title 29, Code of Federal Regulations, "Labor" , Chapter 17

Wechsler, Risa H.

451

Electric and Magnetic Fields Associated with Electric Vehicle Charging: EMF from EV Charging  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Electric vehicles (EVs) are becoming increasingly common. On a routine basis, it is necessary to charge the batteries within these vehicles. Electric and magnetic fields (EMF) are produced as a direct result of charging, but they have not been measured in a systematic manner in order to gain a better understading of their characteristics. This study, performed at Southern California Edisons Electric Vehicle Test Center (EVTC) in Pomona, CA, was conducted to address ...

2013-11-07T23:59:59.000Z

452

Estimating the Value of Electricity Storage Resources in Electricity...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Estimating the Value of Electricity Storage Resources in Electricity Markets - EAC 2011 Estimating the Value of Electricity Storage Resources in Electricity Markets - EAC 2011 The...

453

Electricity in the Body  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Electricity in the Body Name: SEAN Location: NA Country: NA Date: NA Question: OUR BRAINS SEND ELECTRICAL IMPULSES RIGHT. IS IT BASICALLY SAME AS NORMAL ELECTRICITY? IS IT LIKE...

454

Matter & Energy Electricity  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

See Also: Matter & Energy Electricity Energy Technology Computers & Math Distributed Computing Computer Science Science & Society Energy Issues Environmental Policies Reference Electric power transmission Distributed generation Electric power Grid computing ScienceDaily (Oct. 12, 2010) -- A new study

Hines, Paul

455

Electric Power Annual  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

3. Electric Power Industry - U.S. Electricity Imports from and Electricity Exports to Canada and Mexico, 2001-2011 (Megawatthours) Canada Mexico U.S. Total Year Imports from...

456

Retail Electricity Competition  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

the savings in their electricity bill. While these consumerssavings in their electricity bill. A potential argumentsurplus S(s) minus the electricity bill: E j [S(s) ? p j D

Joskow, Paul; Tirole, Jean

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

457

Electrodynamics acceleration of electrical dipoles  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This article considers the acceleration of electric dipoles consisting of thin metal plates and dielectric (barium titanate). The dipoles are of a cylindrical shape with a diameter of the cylinder two centimeters and length one centimeter. Capacity of the parallel-plate capacitor is three hundred picofarads and it is charged up to the voltage of two hundred eighty kilovolts. Pre-acceleration of the electric dipoles till velocity one kilometer per second is reached by the gas-dynamic method. The finite acceleration is produced in a spiral waveguide, where the pulse is travelling with voltage amplitude seven hundreds kilovolts and power one hundred twenty-five megawatts. This pulse travels via the spiral waveguide and accelerates the injected electric dipoles in the longitudinal direction till the finite velocity eight and a half kilometers per second over length seven hundred and seventy meters.

Dolya, S N

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

458

Electrical Network Supervisor Status Report  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

During year 2000 CERN has installed the Electrical Network Supervisor (ENS) for the monitoring and control of the equipment of the electrical distribution network located in about 100 substations throughout the different sites. In the first phase the system has been installed in parallel with the original CERN-developed system and databases and mimic diagrams have been prepared to cover parts of the distribution network. The system has been integrated with the general ST supervision systems for alarms monitoring and measurement logging, and the data from the ENS are gradually being integrated. In the second phase an extension of the system has been tested to include a direct industrial interface with the electrical equipment without the need for the existing CERN equipment interfaces. During the 2000-2001 shutdown the supervision will be renovated in a number of zones to operate a complete industrial system covering all aspects of the supervision from equipment interfaces to end-user applications.

Poulsen, S

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

459

Electrically driven photonic crystal nanocavity devices  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Interest in photonic crystal nanocavities is fueled by advances in device performance, particularly in the development of low-threshold laser sources. Effective electrical control of high performance photonic crystal lasers has thus far remained elusive due to the complexities associated with current injection into cavities. A fabrication procedure for electrically pumping photonic crystal membrane devices using a lateral p-i-n junction has been developed and is described in this work. We have demonstrated electrically pumped lasing in our junctions with a threshold of 181 nA at 50K - the lowest threshold ever demonstrated in an electrically pumped laser. At room temperature we find that our devices behave as single-mode light-emitting diodes (LEDs), which when directly modulated, have an ultrafast electrical response up to 10 GHz corresponding to less than 1 fJ/bit energy operation - the lowest for any optical transmitter. In addition, we have demonstrated electrical pumping of photonic crystal nanobeam LEDs...

Shambat, Gary; Petykiewicz, Jan; Mayer, Marie A; Majumdar, Arka; Sarmiento, Tomas; Harris, James; Haller, Eugene E; Vuckovic, Jelena

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

460

Electrical safety guidelines  

SciTech Connect

The Electrical Safety Guidelines prescribes the DOE safety standards for DOE field offices or facilities involved in the use of electrical energy. It has been prepared to provide a uniform set of electrical safety standards and guidance for DOE installations in order to affect a reduction or elimination of risks associated with the use of electrical energy. The objectives of these guidelines are to enhance electrical safety awareness and mitigate electrical hazards to employees, the public, and the environment.

Not Available

1993-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "direct electricity transactions" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


461

DOE handbook electrical safety  

SciTech Connect

Electrical Safety Handbook presents the Department of Energy (DOE) safety standards for DOE field offices or facilities involved in the use of electrical energy. It has been prepared to provide a uniform set of electrical safety guidance and information for DOE installations to effect a reduction or elimination of risks associated with the use of electrical energy. The objectives of this handbook are to enhance electrical safety awareness and mitigate electrical hazards to employees, the public, and the environment.

NONE

1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

462

Multiproject baselines for evaluation of electric power projects  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Calculating greenhouse gas emissions reductions from climate change mitigation projects requires construction of a baseline that sets emissions levels that would have occurred without the project. This paper describes a standardized multiproject methodology for setting baselines, represented by the emissions rate (kg C/kWh), for electric power projects. A standardized methodology would reduce the transaction costs of projects. The most challenging aspect of setting multiproject emissions rates is determining the vintage and types of plants to include in the baseline and the stringency of the emissions rates to be considered, in order to balance the desire to encourage no- or low-carbon projects while maintaining environmental integrity. The criteria for selecting power plants to include in the baseline depend on characteristics of both the project and the electricity grid it serves. Two case studies illustrate the application of these concepts to the electric power grids in eastern India and South Africa. We use hypothetical, but realistic, climate change projects in each country to illustrate the use of the multiproject methodology, and note the further research required to fully understand the implications of the various choices in constructing and using these baselines.

Sathaye, Jayant; Murtishaw, Scott; Price, Lynn; Lefranc, Maurice; Roy, Joyashree; Winkler, Harald; Spalding-Fecher, Randall

2003-03-12T23:59:59.000Z

463

Sustainable Electricity | Clean Energy | ORNL  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Sustainable Electricity SHARE Sustainable Electricity Outdoor power line accelerated testing. Oak Ridge National Laboratory's Energy Efficiency and Electricity Technologies Program...

464

2012 National Electricity Forum  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

1 U.S. Department of Energy U.S. Department of Energy National Electric Transmission Congestion Study Workshop - December 8, 2011 National Electric Transmission Congestion Study...

465

Electric:SpaceCharge  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... OOF2: The Manual. Electric:SpaceCharge. Prev, 6.4.1. Material Properties, Next. Name. Electric:SpaceCharge Spatial charge density. Details. ...

2013-07-05T23:59:59.000Z

466

Electricity Advisory Committee  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

3:30 - 3:40 pm Welcome and Opening Comments Kevin Kolevar, Assistant Secretary for Electricity Delivery and Energy Reliability Linda Stuntz, Chair, Electricity Advisory Committee...

467

Electric Power Annual  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Table 3.19. Net Generation from Geothermal by State, by Sector, 2011 and 2010 (Thousand Megawatthours) Electric Power Sector Census Division and State All Sectors Electric...

468

Electricity Monthly Update  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

prepared by the Electric Power Operations Team, Office of Electricity, Renewables and Uranium Statistics, U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA), U.S. Department of Energy....

469

Electric Power Annual  

Annual Energy Outlook 2012 (EIA)

7. Net Generation from Wind by State, by Sector, 2011 and 2010 (Thousand Megawatthours) Electric Power Sector Census Division and State All Sectors Electric Utilities Independent...

470

Electric Power Annual  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

C. Natural Gas: Consumption for Electricity Generation and Useful Thermal Output, by Sector, 2001 - 2011 (Million Cubic Feet) Electric Power Sector Period Total (all sectors)...

471

Neighborhood Electric Vehicles  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Neighborhood Electric Vehicles A neighborhood electric vehicle (NEV) is 4-wheeled vehicle, larger than a golf cart but smaller than most light-duty passenger vehicles. NEVs are...

472

Energy Basics: Electric Vehicles  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

& Fuels Printable Version Share this resource Fuels Vehicles Electric Vehicles Flexible Fuel Vehicles Fuel Cell Vehicles Hybrid Electric Vehicles Natural Gas Vehicles Propane...

474

Electricity Monthly Update  

Annual Energy Outlook 2012 (EIA)

CorrectionUpdate November 28, 2012 Map of Electric System Selected for Daily Peak Demand was replaced with the correct map showing Selected Wholesale Electricity and Natural Gas...

475

California's electricity crisis  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The collapse of California's electricity restructuring and competition program has attracted attention around the world. Prices in California's competitive wholesale electricity market increased by 500% between the second ...

Joskow, Paul L.

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

476

EIA Energy Kids - Electricity  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

The energy sources we use to make electricity can be renewable or non-renewable, but electricity itself is neither renewable nor non-renewable.

477

Electrical Safety Committee Charter  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

safety and electrical safety awareness within the APS. The committee shall implement policies and practices adopted by the ANL Electrical Safety Committee and shall assist the ANL...

478

Electricity market module: Electricity fuel dispatch submodule  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In previous Annual Energy Outlooks (AEO), international electricity trade was represented in the National Energy Modeling System (NEMS) Electricity Market Module (EMM) modeling framework as an exogenous input. The exception to this exogenous treatment was for firm power projections, i.e., new Canadian hydroelectric model builds. The AEO95 implementation of EMM allowed Canadian hydroelectric projects to be selected in the Electricity Capacity Planning (ECP) submodule on an annual basis and otherwise addressed as any other purchased power commitments. This technical memorandum addresses modifications to the Electricity Fuel Dispatch Submodule implemented in AEO96 to enhance the treatment of international electricity trade through the representation of economy imports from Canada.

NONE

1996-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

479

uel cells convert chemical energy directly to electrical energy cleanly  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

to fuel molecules (such as hydro- gen and methanol), thereby wasting energy by of cars powered by fuel cells. New water- replacement systems, such as imidazole (C3H4N2

Haile, Sossina M.

480

The Direct Costs and Benefits of US Electric Utility Divestitures  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

. We find that divestiture reduces distribution efficiency but increases power sourcing efficiency. Both effects depend on the amount of own nuclear generation output but not fossil-fuel or hydro output. The net present value for all divestitures in our...

Triebs, Thomas P.; Pollitt, Michael G.; Kwoka, John E.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "direct electricity transactions" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


481

Electric field directed self assembly of nanoparticle structures  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

attachment, the number of biotin and streptavidin attached to a given system is essentially random within some statistical window,

Dehlinger, Dietrich Alexander

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

482

Electricity Restructuring: Deregulation or Reregulation?  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Power in the British Electricity Spot Market. American805. Catherine Wolfram. Electricity Markets: Should thePower in Wholesale Electricity Markets. The Electricity

Borenstein, Severin; Bushnell, James

2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

483

Energy Basics: Electric Resistance Heating  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

or by heaters in each room. Electric resistance heating converts nearly all of the energy in the electricity to heat. Types of Electric Resistance Heaters Electric resistance...

484

74 IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON CONTROL SYSTEMS TECHNOLOGY, VOL. 5, NO. 1, JANUARY 1997 Robust Wide-Range Control of  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

(AFAR), and reheat spray attemperator valve area (AATR). The measured plant outputs are electric power attemperator valve. The measured plant output variables are electric power, main steam temper- ature, main

Ray, Asok

485

Electrical Safety - Monthly Analyses of Electrical Safety Occurrences  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Office of Analysis Office of Analysis Operating Experience Committee Safety Alerts Safety Bulletins Annual Reports Special Operations Reports Safety Advisories Special Reports Causal Analysis Reviews Contact Us HSS Logo Electrical Safety Monthly Analyses of Electrical Safety Occurrences 2013 September 2013 Electrical Safety Occurrences August 2013 Electrical Safety Occurrences July 2013 Electrical Safety Occurrences June 2013 Electrical Safety Occurrences May 2013 Electrical Safety Occurrences April 2013 Electrical Safety Occurrences March Electrical Safety Occurrence February Electrical Safety Occurrence January Electrical Safety Occurrence 2012 December Electrical Safety Occurrence November Electrical Safety Occurrence October Electrical Safety Occurrence September Electrical Safety Occurrence

486

Personnel Protection Systems for Electric Vehicle Charging Circuits  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Electric vehicle charging systems will be required to provide protection against electric shock due to ground faults. This report reviews the subject of electric shock, including the effects of current magnitude, frequency, duration, alternating and direct current, and supply voltage to ground. The report suggests a basis for specific safety requirements--such as a ground fault circuit interrupt--that can be included in a product safety standard covering electric vehicle charging systems to meet the 1996...

2000-01-05T23:59:59.000Z

487

Record of Categorical Exclusion (CS) Determination, Office of Electricity  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Program Direction Program Direction Record of Categorical Exclusion (CS) Determination, Office of Electricity Delivery and Energy Reliability (OE): American Recovery and Reinvestment Act of 2009 (Recovery Act) Program Direction Based on OE's review of the information concerning the proposal action, the NEPA compliance Officer has determined that the proposed action fits within the specified class of action, other regulatory requirements set forth are met, and proposed action is hereby categorically excluded from further NEPA review. Record of Categorical Exclusion (CS) Determination, Office of Electricity Delivery and Energy Reliability (OE): American Recovery and Reinvestment Act of 2009 (Recovery Act) Program Direction More Documents & Publications Record of Categorical Exclusion (CS) Determination, Office of Electricity

488

IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON POWER SYSTEMS, VOL. 19, NO. 2, MAY 2004 919 DEA Efficiency for the Determination of the  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

? The motivation of the research is the recent debate of a possible two-part tariff for electricity in Northern of such a tariff is that low-income households typically consume less electricity than high-income households-income households can/will adapt to a change in the electricity tariff structure. Secondly, it allows us to find

Catholic University of Chile (Universidad Católica de Chile)

489

322 IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON POWER SYSTEMS, VOL. 25, NO. 1, FEBRUARY 2010 Short-Term Load Forecasting: Similar  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

: Progress Report on Electricity Price Forecast As part of the Mid Term Assessment, staff is preparing a long-term wholesale electricity market price forecast. Staff will review how the forecasts are made and some Forecast Update #12;Process Overview 2 Regional Portfolio Model Electric Demand Forecasting System (Long

Luh, Peter

490

Principles Governing Departmental Directives  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

ELEMENTS FROM: SAMUEL W. BODMA 4 SUBJECT: Principles Governing Departmental Directives The Department of Energy uses directives as its primary means to establish,...

491

directed acyclic word graph  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... and R. Verin, Direct Construction of Compact Directed Acyclic Word Graphs, 8th Annual Symposium, CPM 97, Aarhus, Denmark, 116-129, 1997. ...

2013-08-23T23:59:59.000Z

492

Transactions of the twenty-fifth water reactor safety information meeting  

SciTech Connect

This report contains summaries of papers on reactor safety research to be presented at the 25th Water Reactor Safety Information Meeting at the Bethesda Marriott Hotel in Bethesda, Maryland, October 20--22, 1997. The summaries briefly describe the programs and results of nuclear safety research sponsored by the Office of Nuclear Regulatory Research, US NRC. Summaries of invited papers concerning nuclear safety issues from US government laboratories, the electric utilities, the nuclear industry, and from foreign governments and industry are also included. The summaries have been compiled in one report to provide a basis for meaningful discussion of information exchanged during the course of the meeting, and are given in order of their presentation in each session.

Monteleone, S. [comp.

1997-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

493

Power electronics substrate for direct substrate cooling  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Systems and apparatus are provided for power electronics substrates adapted for direct substrate cooling. A power electronics substrate comprises a first surface configured to have electrical circuitry disposed thereon, a second surface, and a plurality of physical features on the second surface. The physical features are configured to promote a turbulent boundary layer in a coolant impinged upon the second surface.

Le, Khiet (Mission Viejo, CA); Ward, Terence G. (Redondo Beach, CA); Mann, Brooks S. (Redondo Beach, CA); Yankoski, Edward P. (Corona, CA); Smith, Gregory S. (Woodland Hills, CA)

2012-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

494

INDEPENDENT ELECTRICITY SYSTEM OPERATOR  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

adopted this Charter as part of its commitment to high standards of corporate governance in pursuing the objects of the IESO set out in the Electricity Act, 1998. This Charter describes the Boards mandate, accountability and composition, and sets out a specific Code of Conduct for the Board. More detailed information about the IESOs corporate governance is set out in the Governance and Structure By-law and in corporate policies, notably the Terms Of Reference for A Director. The activities of the Board and its Committees are formally recorded in minutes of meetings. MANDATE The Board shall supervise the management of the IESOs business and affairs and shall take a leadership role in the development of the IESOs strategic direction. More specifically, the Boards mandate includes: regularly reviewing with Management: the strategic environment, the emergence of new risks and opportunities and the implications for strategic direction; and the establishment and operation of the IESO-administered markets to promote the

unknown authors

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

495

Electric car Gasoline car  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

ENAC/ Electric car (Renault) Gasoline car (competitors) Gasoline car (Renault) Market shares of an electric vehicle? Electric car (Renault) Gasoline car (competitors) Gasoline car (Renault) Market shares preferences. · Identification of population segments with a strong interest for electric cars. · Forecasting

496

Nuclear criticality safety experiments, calculations, and analyses - 1958 to 1982. Volume 2. Summaries. Complilation of papers from the Transactions of the American Nuclear Society  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This compilation contains 688 complete summaries of papers on nuclear criticality safety as presented at meetings of the American Nuclear Society (ANS). The selected papers contain criticality parameters for fissile materials derived from experiments and calculations, as well as criticality safety analyses for fissile material processing, transport, and storage. The compilation was developed as a component of the Nuclear Criticality Information System (NCIS) now under development at the Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory. The compilation is presented in two volumes: Volume 1 contains a directory to the ANS Transaction volume and page number where each summary was originally published, the author concordance, and the subject concordance derived from the keyphrases in titles. Volume 2 contains-in chronological order-the full-text summaries, reproduced here by permission of the American Nuclear Society from their Transactions, volumes 1-41.

Koponen, B.L.; Hampel, V.E.

1982-10-21T23:59:59.000Z

497

Electricity Market Module  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

This page intentionally left blank This page intentionally left blank 95 U.S. Energy Information Administration | Assumptions to the Annual Energy Outlook 2011 Electricity Market Module The NEMS Electricity Market Module (EMM) represents the capacity planning, dispatching, and pricing of electricity. It is composed of four submodules-electricity capacity planning, electricity fuel dispatching, electricity load and demand, and electricity finance and pricing. It includes nonutility capacity and generation, and electricity transmission and trade. A detailed description of the EMM is provided in the EIA publication, Electricity Market Module of the National Energy Modeling System 2011, DOE/EIA-M068(2011). Based on fuel prices and electricity demands provided by the other modules of the NEMS, the EMM determines the most

498

Electricity Market Module  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

This page inTenTionally lefT blank 91 U.S. Energy Information Administration | Assumptions to the Annual Energy Outlook 2012 Electricity Market Module The NEMS Electricity Market Module (EMM) represents the capacity planning, dispatching, and pricing of electricity. It is composed of four submodules-electricity capacity planning, electricity fuel dispatching, electricity load and demand, and electricity finance and pricing. It includes nonutility capacity and generation, and electricity transmission and trade. A detailed description of the EMM is provided in the EIA publication, Electricity Market Module of the National Energy Modeling System 2012, DOE/EIA-M068(2012). Based on fuel prices and electricity demands provided by the other modules of the NEMS, the EMM determines the most

499

Electricity Market Module  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Market Module Market Module This page inTenTionally lefT blank 101 U.S. Energy Information Administration | Assumptions to the Annual Energy Outlook 2013 Electricity Market Module The NEMS Electricity Market Module (EMM) represents the capacity planning, dispatching, and pricing of electricity. It is composed of four submodules-electricity capacity planning, electricity fuel dispatching, electricity load and demand, and electricity finance and pricing. It includes nonutility capacity and generation, and electricity transmission and trade. A detailed description of the EMM is provided in the EIA publication, Electricity Market Module of the National Energy Modeling System 2013, DOE/EIA-M068(2013). Based on fuel prices and electricity demands provided by the other modules of the NEMS, the EMM determines the most

500

Introduction Computational Efficiency Electricity Portfolio Planning Electricity Portfolios  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Introduction Computational Efficiency Electricity Portfolio Planning Electricity Portfolios 2009/11/30­12/01 István Maros Electricity Portfolio #12;Introduction Computational Efficiency Electricity Portfolio Outline 1 Introduction 2 Computational Efficiency 3 Electricity Portfolio Approximate