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Sample records for dipole-dipole array dc

  1. DC Resistivity Survey (Dipole-Dipole Array) At Mt Princeton Hot...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    1971) Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Exploration Activity: DC Resistivity Survey (Dipole-Dipole Array) At Mt Princeton Hot Springs Geothermal Area...

  2. DC Resistivity Survey (Dipole-Dipole Array) | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIX ECoopButtePower VenturesInformation9) Wind Farm JumpAlum|Cyclone PowerD1DC

  3. DC Resistivity Survey (Dipole-Dipole Array) At Waunita Hot Springs...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    only of dipole-dipole mapping, with a transmitting dipole length of 7,000 feet and 132 stations spread over several areas of interest identified in Phase I. All stations used an...

  4. Category:DC Resistivity Survey (Dipole-Dipole Array) | Open Energy

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION JEnvironmentalBowerbank,Cammack Village,8199089°,AnalyticalCuttings Analysis Jump to:

  5. DC Resistivity Survey (Dipole-Dipole Array) At Waunita Hot Springs

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTIONRobertsdale, Alabama (UtilityInstruments Inc Jump to: navigation,(RECP) in DevelopingOils

  6. DC Resistivity Survey (Dipole-Dipole Array) At Coso Geothermal Area (1977)

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIX ECoopButtePower VenturesInformation9) Wind Farm JumpAlum|Cyclone PowerD1 FuelDBDBD|

  7. DC Resistivity Survey (Dipole-Dipole Array) At Mt Princeton Hot Springs

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIX ECoopButtePower VenturesInformation9) Wind Farm JumpAlum|Cyclone PowerD1

  8. Dipole-Dipole Resistivity At Blue Mountain Geothermal Area (Ross...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Dipole-Dipole Resistivity At Blue Mountain Geothermal Area (Ross, Et Al., 1999) Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Exploration Activity: Dipole-Dipole...

  9. Dipole-Dipole coupled double Rydberg molecules

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Martin Kiffner; Hyunwook Park; Wenhui Li; Tom F. Gallagher

    2012-05-21

    We show that the dipole-dipole interaction between two Rydberg atoms can give rise to long range molecules. The binding potential arises from two states that converge to different separated atom asymptotes. These states interact weakly at large distances, but start to repel each other strongly as the van der Waals interaction turns into a resonant dipole-dipole interaction with decreasing separation between the atoms. This mechanism leads to the formation of an attractive well for one of the potentials. If the two separated atom asymptotes come from the small Stark splitting of an atomic Rydberg level, which lifts the Zeeman degeneracy, the depth of the well and the location of its minimum are controlled by the external electric field. We discuss two different geometries that result in a localized and a donut shaped potential, respectively.

  10. Dipole-Dipole Resistivity At Blue Mountain Geothermal Area (Fairbank...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Dipole-Dipole Resistivity At Blue Mountain Geothermal Area (Fairbank Engineering Ltd, 2003) Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Exploration Activity:...

  11. Dipole-Dipole Resistivity At Kilauea East Rift Geothermal Area...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Exploration Basis This study was conducted to learn about and model the resistivity structures in the Puna area Notes Dipole-dipole cross sections were conducted near well HGP-A....

  12. Halbach array DC motor/generator

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Merritt, Bernard T. (Livermore, CA); Dreifuerst, Gary R. (Livermore, CA); Post, Richard F. (Walnut Creek, CA)

    1998-01-01

    A new configuration of DC motor/generator is based on a Halbach array of permanent magnets. This motor does not use ferrous materials so that the only losses are winding losses and losses due to bearings and windage. An "inside-out" design is used as compared to a conventional motor/generator design. The rotating portion, i.e., the rotor, is on the outside of the machine. The stationary portion, i.e., the stator, is formed by the inside of the machine. The rotor contains an array of permanent magnets that provide a uniform field. The windings of the motor are placed in or on the stator. The stator windings are then "switched" or "commutated" to provide a DC motor/generator much the same as in a conventional DC motor. The commutation can be performed by mechanical means using brushes or by electronic means using switching circuits. The invention is useful in electric vehicles and adjustable speed DC drives.

  13. Halbach array DC motor/generator

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Merritt, B.T.; Dreifuerst, G.R.; Post, R.F.

    1998-01-06

    A new configuration of DC motor/generator is based on a Halbach array of permanent magnets. This motor does not use ferrous materials so that the only losses are winding losses and losses due to bearings and windage. An ``inside-out`` design is used as compared to a conventional motor/generator design. The rotating portion, i.e., the rotor, is on the outside of the machine. The stationary portion, i.e., the stator, is formed by the inside of the machine. The rotor contains an array of permanent magnets that provide a uniform field. The windings of the motor are placed in or on the stator. The stator windings are then ``switched`` or ``commutated`` to provide a DC motor/generator much the same as in a conventional DC motor. The commutation can be performed by mechanical means using brushes or by electronic means using switching circuits. The invention is useful in electric vehicles and adjustable speed DC drives. 17 figs.

  14. DC Resistivity Survey (Schlumberger Array) At Raft River Geothermal...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Exploration Activity: DC Resistivity Survey (Schlumberger Array) At Raft River Geothermal Area (1974-1975) Exploration...

  15. Measurement of the Angular Dependence of the Dipole-Dipole Interaction Between Two Individual Rydberg Atoms at a Förster Resonance

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sylvain Ravets; Henning Labuhn; Daniel Barredo; Thierry Lahaye; Antoine Browaeys

    2015-08-25

    We measure the angular dependence of the resonant dipole-dipole interaction between two individual Rydberg atoms with controlled relative positions. By applying a combination of static electric and magnetic fields on the atoms, we demonstrate the possibility to isolate a single interaction channel at a F\\"orster resonance, that shows a well-defined angular dependence. We first identify spectroscopically the F\\"orster resonance of choice and we then perform a direct measurement of the interaction strength between the two atoms as a function of the angle between the internuclear axis and the quantization axis. Our results show good agreement with the expected angular dependence $\\propto(1-3\\cos^2\\theta)$, and represent an important step towards quantum state engineering in two-dimensional arrays of individual Rydberg atoms.

  16. Giant Skyrmions Stabilized by Dipole-Dipole Interactions in Thin Ferromagnetic Films

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ezawa, Motohiko

    2011-01-01

    Motivated by a recent magnetization reversal experiment on a TbFeCo thin film, we study a topological excitation in the anisotropic nonlinear sigma model together with the Zeeman and magnetic dipole-dipole interactions. Dipole-dipole interactions turn a ferromagnet into a frustrated spin system, which allows a nontrivial spin texture such as a giant skyrmion. We derive an analytic formula for the skyrmion radius. The radius is controllable by the external magnetic field. It is intriguing that a skyrmion may have already been observed as a magnetic domain. A salient feature is that a single skyrmion can be created or destroyed experimentally. An analysis is made also on skyrmions in chiral magnets.

  17. Giant Skyrmions Stabilized by Dipole-Dipole Interactions in Thin Ferromagnetic Films

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ezawa, Motohiko [Department of Applied Physics, University of Tokyo, Hongo 7-3-1, 113-8656 (Japan)

    2010-11-05

    Motivated by a recent magnetization reversal experiment on a TbFeCo thin film, we study a topological excitation in the anisotropic nonlinear sigma model together with the Zeeman and magnetic dipole-dipole interactions. Dipole-dipole interactions turn a ferromagnet into a frustrated spin system, which allows a nontrivial spin texture such as a giant Skyrmion. We derive an analytic formula for the Skyrmion radius. The radius is controllable by the external magnetic field. It is intriguing that a Skyrmion may have already been observed as a magnetic domain. A salient feature is that a single Skyrmion can be created or destroyed experimentally. An analysis is made also on Skyrmions in chiral magnets.

  18. Giant Skyrmions Stabilized by Dipole-Dipole Interactions in Thin Ferromagnetic Films

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Motohiko Ezawa

    2010-11-03

    Motivated by a recent magnetization reversal experiment on a TbFeCo thin film, we study a topological excitation in the anisotropic nonlinear sigma model together with the Zeeman and magnetic dipole-dipole interactions. Dipole-dipole interactions turn a ferromagnet into a frustrated spin system, which allows a nontrivial spin texture such as a giant skyrmion. We derive an analytic formula for the skyrmion radius. The radius is controllable by the external magnetic field. It is intriguing that a skyrmion may have already been observed as a magnetic domain. A salient feature is that a single skyrmion can be created or destroyed experimentally. An analysis is made also on skyrmions in chiral magnets.

  19. Dipole-dipole broadening of Rb ns-np microwave transitions

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Park, Hyunwook; Tanner, P. J.; Claessens, B. J.; Shuman, E. S.; Gallagher, T. F. [Department of Physics, University of Virginia, Charlottesville, Virginia 22904-0714 (United States)

    2011-08-15

    The dipole-dipole broadening of ns-np microwave transitions of cold Rb Rydberg atoms in a magneto-optical trap has been recorded for 28{<=}n{<=}51. Since the electric dipole transition matrix elements scale as n{sup 2}, a broadening rate scaling as n{sup 4} is expected and a broadening rate of 8.2x10{sup -15}n{sup 4} MHz cm{sup 3} is observed. The observed broadening is smaller than expected from a classical picture due to the spin-orbit interaction in the np atoms. The broadened resonances are asymmetric and cusp shaped, and their line shapes can be reproduced by a diatomic model which takes into account the dipole-dipole interaction, including the spin-orbit interaction, the strengths of the allowed microwave transitions, and the distribution of the atomic spacings in the trap.

  20. Simulations of the angular dependence of the dipole-dipole interaction among Rydberg atoms

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bigelow, Jacob L; Peleg, Matan; Sanford, Veronica L; Carroll, Thomas J

    2015-01-01

    The dipole-dipole interaction between two Rydberg atoms depends on the relative orientation of the atoms and on the change in the magnetic quantum number. We simulate the effect of this anisotropy on the energy transport in a many atom system with a homogeneous applied electric field. We consider two experimentally feasible geometries and find that the effects should be measurable in current generation imaging experiments.

  1. A new method for determining dipole-dipole energy in 1D and 2D systems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ivan I. Naumov; Huaxiang Fu

    2005-06-17

    An alternative method for computing dipole-dipole interaction energy in systems of 1D and 2D periodicity like nanowires, nanotubes and thin films is presented. The approach is based on the use of periodic Green's functions that satisfy Laplace's equation and are analytically determined. The method, when combined with short-ranged interaction as in effective Hamiltonian, is suitable for studying finite-temperature properties of low-dimensional ferroelectric systems.

  2. Long-term dipole-dipole resistivity monitoring at the Cerro Prieto geothermal field

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Wilt, M.; Goldstein, N.E.; Sasaki, Y.

    1984-04-01

    Dipole-dipole resistivity measurements for the combined purposes of reservoir delineation and reservoir monitoring were first made at Cerro Prieto in 1978 and have continued on approximately an annual basis since then. Two 20 km-long dipole-dipole lines with permanently emplaced electrodes at 1-km spacings were established over the field area. Resistivity remeasurements have been made on one line at 6- to 18-month intervals using a 25 kW generator capable of up to 80A output and a microprocessor-controlled signal-averaging receiver. This high-power, low-noise system provides highly accurate measurements even at large transmitter receiver separations. Standard error calculations for collected data indicate errors less than 5% for all points. Results from four years of monitoring (1979-1983) indicate a 5% average annual increase in apparent resistivity over the present production area, and larger decreases in apparent resistivity in the region to the east. The increase in resistivity in the production zone is most likely due to dilution of reservoir fluids with fresher water, as evidenced by a drop in chloride content of produced waters. The area of decreasing resistivity east of the reservoir is associated with a steeply dipping conductive body, a zone of higher thermal gradients and an increase in shale thickness in the section. Decreasing resistivity in this area may be caused by an influx of high temperature, saline water from depths of 3/sup +/ km through a sandy gap in the shales.

  3. Measurement of the Angular Dependence of the Dipole-Dipole Interaction Between Two Individual Rydberg Atoms at a F\\"orster Resonance

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ravets, Sylvain; Barredo, Daniel; Lahaye, Thierry; Browaeys, Antoine

    2015-01-01

    We measure the angular dependence of the resonant dipole-dipole interaction between two individual Rydberg atoms with controlled relative positions. By applying a combination of static electric and magnetic fields on the atoms, we demonstrate the possibility to isolate a single interaction channel at a F\\"orster resonance, that shows a well-defined angular dependence. We first identify spectroscopically the F\\"orster resonance of choice and we then perform a direct measurement of the interaction strength between the two atoms as a function of the angle between the internuclear axis and the quantization axis. Our results show good agreement with the expected angular dependence $\\propto(1-3\\cos^2\\theta)$, and represent an important step towards quantum state engineering in two-dimensional arrays of individual Rydberg atoms.

  4. Modeling Barkhausen Noise in Magnetic Glasses with Dipole-Dipole Interactions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Awadhesh K. Dubey; H. George E. Hentschel; Prabhat K. Jaiswal; Chandana Mondal; Itamar Procaccia; Bhaskar Sen Gupta

    2015-06-07

    Long-ranged dipole-dipole interactions in magnetic glasses give rise to magnetic domains having labyrinthine patterns. Barkhausen Noise is then expected to result from the movement of domain boundaries which is supposed to be modeled by the motion of elastic membranes with random pinning. We propose an atomistic model of such magnetic glasses in which we measure the Barkhausen Noise which indeed results from the movement of domain boundaries. Nevertheless the statistics of the Barkhausen Noise is found in striking disagreement with the expectations in the literature. In fact we find exponential statistics without any power law, stressing the fact that Barkhausen Noise can belong to very different universality classes. In this glassy system the essence of the phenomenon is the ability of spin-carrying particles to move and minimize the energy without any spin flip. A theory is offered in excellent agreement with the measured data without any free parameter.

  5. PHYSICAL REVIEW A 88, 013616 (2013) Effective dipole-dipole interactions in multilayered dipolar Bose-Einstein condensates

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bao, Weizhu

    2013-01-01

    . INTRODUCTION Layered structures of magnetic materials play a crucial role both in today's technology BEC. A three-dimensional (3D) homogeneous BEC exhibits imaginary Bogoliubov excitations at low momenta by a strong optical lattice. We derive effective intra- and interlayer dipole-dipole interaction potentials

  6. Radio-frequency driven dipole-dipole interactions in spatially separated volumes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Atreju Tauschinsky; C. S. E. van Ditzhuijzen; L. D. Noordam; H. B. van Linden van den Heuvell

    2008-10-14

    Radio-frequency (rf) fields in the MHz range are used to induce resonant energy transfer between cold Rydberg atoms in spatially separated volumes. After laser preparation of the Rydberg atoms, dipole-dipole coupling excites the 49s atoms in one cylinder to the 49p state while the 41d atoms in the second cylinder are transferred down to the 42p state. The energy exchanged between the atoms in this process is 33 GHz. An external rf-field brings this energy transfer into resonance. The strength of the interaction has been investigated as a function of amplitude (0-1 V/cm) and frequency (1-30 MHz) of the rf-field and as a function of a static field offset. Multi-photon transitions up to fifth order as well as selection rules prohibiting the process at certain fields have been observed. The width of the resonances has been reduced compared to earlier results by switching off external magnetic fields of the magneto-optical trap, making sub-MHz spectroscopy possible. All features are well reproduced by theoretical calculations taking the strong ac-Stark shift due to the rf-field into account.

  7. Dipole-dipole resistivity monitoring at the Cerro Prieto geothermal field

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Wilt, M.J.; Goldstein, N.E.

    1983-03-01

    Two 20 km-long dipole-dipole lines with permanently emplaced electronics at 1-km spacings were established over the field area; one of these lines is remeasured annually. Resistivity measurements are taken using a 25 kW generator capable of up to 80A output and a microprocessor-controlled signal-averaging receiver; this high power-low noise system is capable of highly accurate measurements even at large transmitter-receiver separations. Standard error calculations for collected data indicate errors less than 5% for all points, but 95% confidence intervals show error limits about 2 to 4 times higher. Data indicate little change of apparent resistivity within the upper 300 m over the field. However, apparent resistivity increases are observed over the producing zone at depths of 1 km and greater. Large zones of decreasing apparent resistivity are observed flanking the zone of increases on both sides. To explain the resistivity changes observed, simple two-dimensional reservoir simulations were performed in which cooler, less saline recharge water enters the reservoir from above through a leaky caprock and laterally through a more permeable vertical boundary. The calculated magnitude of a resistivity change after 3 years of simulated production fits the observed data, but the anomaly shapes differ. It is concluded that the rapidly moving hydraulic front produces a salinity change large enough to explain the resistivity increase, but that our recharge assumptions were probably oversimplified.

  8. DC Resistivity Survey (Wenner Array) At Mt Princeton Hot Springs...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    2008 - 2010 Usefulness useful DOE-funding Unknown Exploration Basis Determination of groundwater flux patterns Notes Researchers measured DC resistivity and produced 12 resistivity...

  9. Analogue Hawking Radiation in a dc-SQUID Array Transmission Line

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    P. D. Nation; M. P. Blencowe; A. J. Rimberg; E. Buks

    2009-08-01

    We propose the use of a superconducting waveguide formed from an array of dc-SQUID's for investigating analogue Hawking radiation. Biasing the array with a space-time varying flux modifies the propagation velocity of the waveguide, leading to an effective metric with an horizon. Being a fundamentally quantum mechanical device, this setup allows for investigations of quantum effects such as back-reaction and analogue space-time fluctuations on the Hawking process.

  10. Category:DC Resistivity Survey (Wenner Array) | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION JEnvironmentalBowerbank,Cammack Village,8199089°,AnalyticalCuttings Analysis JumpDC Resistivity

  11. Vortical flow control on a conical fore body cross section using an array of pulsed dc actuators

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Roy, Subrata

    investigated, separately and then combined on flow control. It is found that joule heating results in highVortical flow control on a conical fore body cross section using an array of pulsed dc actuators 2006; accepted 23 February 2007; published online 1 May 2007 Flow control on a conical fore body cross

  12. Frequency multiplexed flux locked loop architecture providing an array of DC SQUIDS having both shared and unshared components

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Ganther, Jr., Kenneth R. (Olathe, KS); Snapp, Lowell D. (Independence, MO)

    2002-01-01

    Architecture for frequency multiplexing multiple flux locked loops in a system comprising an array of DC SQUID sensors. The architecture involves dividing the traditional flux locked loop into multiple unshared components and a single shared component which, in operation, form a complete flux locked loop relative to each DC SQUID sensor. Each unshared flux locked loop component operates on a different flux modulation frequency. The architecture of the present invention allows a reduction from 2N to N+1 in the number of connections between the cryogenic DC SQUID sensors and their associated room temperature flux locked loops. Furthermore, the 1.times.N architecture of the present invention can be paralleled to form an M.times.N array architecture without increasing the required number of flux modulation frequencies.

  13. Molecular near-field antenna effect in resonance hyper-Raman scattering: Intermolecular vibronic intensity borrowing of solvent from solute through dipole-dipole and dipole-quadrupole interactions

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Shimada, Rintaro; Hamaguchi, Hiro-o

    2014-05-28

    We quantitatively interpret the recently discovered intriguing phenomenon related to resonance Hyper-Raman (HR) scattering. In resonance HR spectra of all-trans-?-carotene (?-carotene) in solution, vibrations of proximate solvent molecules are observed concomitantly with the solute ?-carotene HR bands. It has been shown that these solvent bands are subject to marked intensity enhancements by more than 5 orders of magnitude under the presence of ?-carotene. We have called this phenomenon the molecular-near field effect. Resonance HR spectra of ?-carotene in benzene, deuterated benzene, cyclohexane, and deuterated cyclohexane have been measured precisely for a quantitative analysis of this effect. The assignments of the observed peaks are made by referring to the infrared, Raman, and HR spectra of neat solvents. It has been revealed that infrared active and some Raman active vibrations are active in the HR molecular near-field effect. The observed spectra in the form of difference spectra (between benzene/deuterated benzene and cyclohexane/deuterated cyclohexane) are quantitatively analyzed on the basis of the extended vibronic theory of resonance HR scattering. The theory incorporates the coupling of excited electronic states of ?-carotene with the vibrations of a proximate solvent molecule through solute–solvent dipole–dipole and dipole–quadrupole interactions. It is shown that the infrared active modes arise from the dipole–dipole interaction, whereas Raman active modes from the dipole–quadrupole interaction. It is also shown that vibrations that give strongly polarized Raman bands are weak in the HR molecular near-field effect. The observed solvent HR spectra are simulated with the help of quantum chemical calculations for various orientations and distances of a solvent molecule with respect to the solute. The observed spectra are best simulated with random orientations of the solvent molecule at an intermolecular distance of 10 Å.

  14. Positive field-cooled dc susceptibility in granular superconductors interpreted through numerical simulations on a simple Josephson-junction-array model

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Auletta, C.; Raiconi, G.; De Luca, R.; Pace, S.

    1995-05-01

    We have performed numerical simulations of a field-cooled dc susceptibility experiment carried out for granular superconductors by modeling these systems with a simple Josephson-junction array proposed by the authors. By this analysis the temperature dependence of the positive field-cooled susceptibility at very low values of the applied magnetic field, observed by Braunisch {ital et} {ital al}. [Phys. Rev. Lett. 68, 1908 (1992)] for some ceramic superonductors, has been reproduced and interpreted.

  15. Entanglement Switch for Dipole Arrays

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Qi Wei; Sabre Kais; Yong P. Chen

    2010-02-25

    We propose a new entanglement switch of qubits consisting of electric dipoles, oriented along or against an external electric field and coupled by the electric dipole-dipole interaction. The pairwise entanglement can be tuned and controlled by the ratio of the Rabi frequency and the dipole-dipole coupling strength. Tuning the entanglement can be achieved for one, two and three-dimensional arrangements of the qubits. The feasibility of building such an entanglement switch is also discussed.

  16. Control of the stability and soliton formation of dipole moments in a nonlinear plasmonic finite nanoparticle array

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mai, Zhijie; Li, Yongyao; Zhu, Xing; Liu, Yikun; Li, Juntao

    2014-01-01

    We perform numerical analysis of a finite nanoparticle array, in which the transversal dipolar polarizations are excited by a homogenous optical field. Considering the linearly long-range dipole-dipole interaction and the cubic dipole nonlinearity of particle, the characteristics of stability of a finite number nanoparticle array should be revised, compared with that of an infinite number nanoparticle array. A critical point in the low branch of the bistable curve is found, beyond which the low branch becomes unstable for a finite number of nanoparticles. The influence of the external field intensities and detuning frequencies on this critical point are investigated in detail. When the total number of particles approaches infinity, our results become similar to that of an infinity number particle system [cf. Ref.32]. Notably, with appropriate external optical field, a dark dipole soliton is formed. Moreover, when the scaled detuning is set to an appropriate value, a double monopole dark soliton (DMDS) consist...

  17. Census Snapshot: Washington, DC

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Romero, Adam P.; Baumle, Amanda K; Badgett, M.V. Lee; Gates, Gary J

    2007-01-01

    INSTITUTE CENSUS SNAPSHOT | WASHINGTON, DC. | DECEMBER 2007WASHINGTON, D.C. Adam P. Romero, Public Policy Fellow AmandaINSTITUTE CENSUS SNAPSHOT | WASHINGTON, DC. | DECEMBER 2007

  18. Effective dipole-dipole interactions in multilayered dipolar Bose ...

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2013-07-10

    Jul 10, 2013 ... for weakly interacting BECs at zero temperature [54]. We ... a transversely homogeneous BEC with contact interaction, ... as a function of the number of lattice sites and polarization ... imuthal and polar angles, respectively.

  19. Dipole-Dipole Resistivity At Blue Mountain Geothermal Area (Fairbank

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTIONRobertsdale, Alabama (UtilityInstrumentsArea (DOE GTP) JumpDillard Road SolarEngineering Ltd, 2003)

  20. Radio frequency dc-dc power conversion

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rivas, Juan, 1976-

    2007-01-01

    THIS THESIS addresses the development of system architectures and circuit topologies for dc-dc power conversion at very high frequencies. The systems architectures that are developed are structured to overcome limitations ...

  1. Building Scale DC Microgrids

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Marnay, Chris

    2013-01-01

    however, DC was less amenable to transmission over longtransmission 32 km to Buffalo, even though the loads at that time were entirely DC.

  2. Building Scale DC Microgrids

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Marnay, Chris

    2014-01-01

    ABORATORY Building Scale DC Microgrids Chris Marnay, Stevenemployer. Building Scale DC Microgrids Chris Marnay, IEEEgenerally known as microgrids (or µgrids). The dominance of

  3. DC source assemblies

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Campbell, Jeremy B; Newson, Steve

    2013-02-26

    Embodiments of DC source assemblies of power inverter systems of the type suitable for deployment in a vehicle having an electrically grounded chassis are provided. An embodiment of a DC source assembly comprises a housing, a DC source disposed within the housing, a first terminal, and a second terminal. The DC source also comprises a first capacitor having a first electrode electrically coupled to the housing, and a second electrode electrically coupled to the first terminal. The DC source assembly further comprises a second capacitor having a first electrode electrically coupled to the housing, and a second electrode electrically coupled to the second terminal.

  4. Building Scale DC Microgrids

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Marnay, Chris

    2014-01-01

    involves DC directly, e.g. fuel cells, fuels, but electricthe likely emergence of fuel cells and required batteriesphotovoltaic cells, fuel cells, power quality, converters,

  5. Building Scale DC Microgrids

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Marnay, Chris

    2013-01-01

    the likely emergence of fuel cells and required batteriesphotovoltaic cells, fuel cells, power quality, converters,DC) generation, e.g. fuel cells (FCs), from combustion

  6. Building Scale DC Microgrids

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Marnay, Chris

    2013-01-01

    resources, a 10 kW vertical axis wind turbine, and Fig. 4AC-grid Fig. 3. Vertical axis wind turbine in the AIT DC µ

  7. Building Scale DC Microgrids

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Marnay, Chris

    2014-01-01

    resources, a 10 kW vertical axis wind turbine, and Fig. 4the µgrid Fig. 3. Vertical axis wind turbine in the AIT DC µ

  8. Multilevel DC link inverter

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Su, Gui-Jia

    2003-06-10

    A multilevel DC link inverter and method for improving torque response and current regulation in permanent magnet motors and switched reluctance motors having a low inductance includes a plurality of voltage controlled cells connected in series for applying a resulting dc voltage comprised of one or more incremental dc voltages. The cells are provided with switches for increasing the resulting applied dc voltage as speed and back EMF increase, while limiting the voltage that is applied to the commutation switches to perform PWM or dc voltage stepping functions, so as to limit current ripple in the stator windings below an acceptable level, typically 5%. Several embodiments are disclosed including inverters using IGBT's, inverters using thyristors. All of the inverters are operable in both motoring and regenerating modes.

  9. DC switching regulated power supply for driving an inductive load

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Dyer, G.R.

    1983-11-29

    A dc switching regulated power supply for driving an inductive load is provided. The regulator basic circuit is a bridge arrangement of diodes and transistors. First and second opposite legs of the bridge are formed by first and second parallel-connected transistor arrays, respectively, while the third and fourth legs of the bridge are formed by appropriately connected first and second parallel connected diode arrays, respectively. A dc power supply is connected to the input of the bridge and the output is connected to the load. A servo controller is provided to control the switching rate of the transistors to maintain a desired current to the load. The regulator may be operated in three stages or modes: (1) for current runup in the load, both first and second transistor switch arrays are turned on and current is supplied to the load through both transistor arrays. (2) When load current reaches the desired level, the first switch is turned off, and load current flywheels through the second switch array and the fourth leg diode array connecting the second switch array in series with the load. Current is maintained by alternating between modes 1 and 2 at a suitable duty cycle and switching rate set by the controller. (3) Rapid current rundown is accomplished by turning both switch arrays off, allowing load current to be dumped back into the source through the third and fourth diode arrays connecting the source in series opposition with the load to recover energy from the inductive load.

  10. DC attenuation meter

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Hargrove, Douglas L.

    2004-09-14

    A portable, hand-held meter used to measure direct current (DC) attenuation in low impedance electrical signal cables and signal attenuators. A DC voltage is applied to the signal input of the cable and feedback to the control circuit through the signal cable and attenuators. The control circuit adjusts the applied voltage to the cable until the feedback voltage equals the reference voltage. The "units" of applied voltage required at the cable input is the system attenuation value of the cable and attenuators, which makes this meter unique. The meter may be used to calibrate data signal cables, attenuators, and cable-attenuator assemblies.

  11. DC arc weld starter

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Campiotti, Richard H. (Tracy, CA); Hopwood, James E. (Oakley, CA)

    1990-01-01

    A system for starting an arc for welding uses three DC power supplies, a high voltage supply for initiating the arc, an intermediate voltage supply for sustaining the arc, and a low voltage welding supply directly connected across the gap after the high voltage supply is disconnected.

  12. DC switching regulated power supply for driving an inductive load

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Dyer, George R. (Norris, TN)

    1986-01-01

    A power supply for driving an inductive load current from a dc power supply hrough a regulator circuit including a bridge arrangement of diodes and switching transistors controlled by a servo controller which regulates switching in response to the load current to maintain a selected load current. First and second opposite legs of the bridge are formed by first and second parallel-connected transistor arrays, respectively, while the third and fourth legs of the bridge are formed by appropriately connected first and second parallel connected diode arrays, respectively. The regulator may be operated in three "stages" or modes: (1) For current runup in the load, both first and second transistor switch arrays are turned "on" and current is supplied to the load through both transistor arrays. (2) When load current reaches the desired level, the first switch is turned "off", and load current "flywheels" through the second switch array and the fourth leg diode array connecting the second switch array in series with the load. Current is maintained by alternating between modes 1 and 2 at a suitable duty cycle and switching rate set by the controller. (3) Rapid current rundown is accomplished by turning both switch arrays "off", allowing load current to be dumped back into the source through the third and fourth diode arrays connecting the source in series opposition with the load to recover energy from the inductive load. The three operating states are controlled automatically by the controller.

  13. Mesa Top Photovoltaic Array SyStem SpecificationS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    electricity that array will provide: 7% environmental impact Annual carbon offset: 2.4 million pounds of CO2Mesa Top Photovoltaic Array SyStem SpecificationS System size: 750 kW (DC, estimated) Characteristics: Single axis tracker photovoltaics, ground mounted Annual output: 1,200 MWh Location: Top of South

  14. The Long Wavelength Array (LWA): A Large HF/VHF Array for Solar Physics, Ionospheric Science, and Solar Radar

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ellingson, Steven W.

    construction in New Mexico, and discuss the scientific goals of the project in the areas of solar, ionosphericThe Long Wavelength Array (LWA): A Large HF/VHF Array for Solar Physics, Ionospheric Science, and Solar Radar Namir E. Kassim Naval Research Laboratory, Washington, DC 20375 Stephen M. White AFRL

  15. The design of a hybrid DC motor/SMA actuated robotic hand based on physiological and anatomical synergies

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rosmarin, Josiah Benjamin

    2008-01-01

    A new approach to the design and control of multi-fingered hands using hybrid DC motor-Shape Memory Alloy (SMA) array actuators is presented in this thesis. The fundamental design concept is based on the principle of motor ...

  16. Auxiliary resonant DC tank converter

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Peng, Fang Z. (Knoxville, TN)

    2000-01-01

    An auxiliary resonant dc tank (ARDCT) converter is provided for achieving soft-switching in a power converter. An ARDCT circuit is coupled directly across a dc bus to the inverter to generate a resonant dc bus voltage, including upper and lower resonant capacitors connected in series as a resonant leg, first and second dc tank capacitors connected in series as a tank leg, and an auxiliary resonant circuit comprising a series combination of a resonant inductor and a pair of auxiliary switching devices. The ARDCT circuit further includes first clamping means for holding the resonant dc bus voltage to the dc tank voltage of the tank leg, and second clamping means for clamping the resonant dc bus voltage to zero during a resonant period. The ARDCT circuit resonantly brings the dc bus voltage to zero in order to provide a zero-voltage switching opportunity for the inverter, then quickly rebounds the dc bus voltage back to the dc tank voltage after the inverter changes state. The auxiliary switching devices are turned on and off under zero-current conditions. The ARDCT circuit only absorbs ripples of the inverter dc bus current, thus having less current stress. In addition, since the ARDCT circuit is coupled in parallel with the dc power supply and the inverter for merely assisting soft-switching of the inverter without participating in real dc power transmission and power conversion, malfunction and failure of the tank circuit will not affect the functional operation of the inverter; thus a highly reliable converter system is expected.

  17. Improved DC Gun Insulator

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    M.L. Neubauer, K.B. Beard, R. Sah, C. Hernandez-Garcia, G. Neil

    2009-05-01

    Many user facilities such as synchrotron light sources and free electron lasers require accelerating structures that support electric fields of 10-100 MV/m, especially at the start of the accelerator chain where ceramic insulators are used for very high gradient DC guns. These insulators are difficult to manufacture, require long commissioning times, and have poor reliability, in part because energetic electrons bury themselves in the ceramic, creating a buildup of charge and causing eventual puncture. A novel ceramic manufacturing process is proposed. It will incorporate bulk resistivity in the region where it is needed to bleed off accumulated charge caused by highly energetic electrons. This process will be optimized to provide an appropriate gradient in bulk resistivity from the vacuum side to the air side of the HV standoff ceramic cylinder. A computer model will be used to determine the optimum cylinder dimensions and required resistivity gradient for an example RF gun application. A ceramic material example with resistivity gradient appropriate for use as a DC gun insulator will be fabricated by glazing using doping compounds and tested.

  18. DC Resistivity Survey (Schlumberger Array) At Roosevelt Hot Springs...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    zones. References S. H. Ward, W. T. Parry, W. P. Nash, W. R. Sill, K. L. Cook, R. B. Smith, D. S. Chapman, F. H. Brown, J. A. Whelan, J. R. Bowman (1978) A Summary of the...

  19. DC Resistivity Survey (Schlumberger Array) At Raft River Geothermal Area

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTIONRobertsdale, Alabama (UtilityInstruments Inc Jump to: navigation,(RECP) in DevelopingOilsArea

  20. DC Resistivity Survey (Schlumberger Array) At Roosevelt Hot Springs

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTIONRobertsdale, Alabama (UtilityInstruments Inc Jump to: navigation,(RECP) in

  1. DC Resistivity Survey (Schlumberger Array) | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTIONRobertsdale, Alabama (UtilityInstruments Inc Jump to: navigation,(RECP) in Jump to: navigation,

  2. DC Resistivity Survey (Pole-Dipole Array) | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIX ECoopButtePower VenturesInformation9) Wind Farm JumpAlum|Cyclone

  3. DC Resistivity Survey (Schlumberger Array) At Coso Geothermal Area (1977) |

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIX ECoopButtePower VenturesInformation9) Wind Farm JumpAlum|CycloneOpen Energy

  4. DC Resistivity Survey (Wenner Array) | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIX ECoopButtePower VenturesInformation9) Wind Farm JumpAlum|CycloneOpen Energy Jump to:

  5. Dipole-dipole resistivity survey of a portion of the Coso Hot...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    was completed at the Coso Hot Springs KGRA in September 1977. This survey has defined a bedrock resistivity low at least 4 sq mi (10 sq km) in extent associated with the...

  6. Dipole-Dipole Resistivity At Blue Mountain Geothermal Area (Ross, Et Al.,

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTIONRobertsdale, Alabama (UtilityInstrumentsArea (DOE GTP) JumpDillard Road SolarEngineering Ltd,

  7. Dipole-Dipole Resistivity At Kilauea East Rift Geothermal Area (Kauahikaua

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTIONRobertsdale, Alabama (UtilityInstrumentsArea (DOE GTP) JumpDillard Road SolarEngineering Ltd,&

  8. Dipole-dipole resistivity survey of a portion of the Coso Hot Springs KGRA,

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIX ECoopButtePower VenturesInformation9)ask queriesWind Farm Jump to: navigation,Inyo

  9. Design Considerations for Very High Frequency dc-dc Converters

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Perreault, Dave

    the gating power while ensuring fast on- off transitions of the semiconductor switch. The rectifier of switching power converters operating at greatly increased switching frequencies. Greatly increasedDesign Considerations for Very High Frequency dc-dc Converters Juan M. Rivas, David Jackson, Olivia

  10. Aalborg Universitet Power flow analysis for DC voltage droop controlled DC microgrids

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Vasquez, Juan Carlos

    Aalborg Universitet Power flow analysis for DC voltage droop controlled DC microgrids Li, Chendan). Power flow analysis for DC voltage droop controlled DC microgrids. In Proceedings of the 11th.aau.dk on: juli 07, 2015 #12;Power flow analysis for DC voltage droop controlled DC microgrids Chendan Li

  11. Triple voltage dc-to-dc converter and method

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Su, Gui-Jia (Knoxville, TN)

    2008-08-05

    A circuit and method of providing three dc voltage buses and transforming power between a low voltage dc converter and a high voltage dc converter, by coupling a primary dc power circuit and a secondary dc power circuit through an isolation transformer; providing the gating signals to power semiconductor switches in the primary and secondary circuits to control power flow between the primary and secondary circuits and by controlling a phase shift between the primary voltage and the secondary voltage. The primary dc power circuit and the secondary dc power circuit each further comprising at least two tank capacitances arranged in series as a tank leg, at least two resonant switching devices arranged in series with each other and arranged in parallel with the tank leg, and at least one voltage source arranged in parallel with the tank leg and the resonant switching devices, said resonant switching devices including power semiconductor switches that are operated by gating signals. Additional embodiments having a center-tapped battery on the low voltage side and a plurality of modules on both the low voltage side and the high voltage side are also disclosed for the purpose of reducing ripple current and for reducing the size of the components.

  12. Using PDSF Job Arrays

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Using Job Arrays Using Job Arrays Job arrays have many advantages, including reduced load on the batch system, faster job submission, and easier job management. If you find...

  13. Multi-Level DC/DC Power Conversion System with Multiple DC Sources

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tolbert, Leon M.

    boost converter. Experimental results are provided to confirm the analysis and control concept. I, instead of connecting all batteries in series as one power source and a bi-directional boost converter. INTRODUCTION Traditional dc/dc converters require at least one inductive component, which is bulky, heavy

  14. DC-DC converter current source fed naturally commutated brushless DC motor drive 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Khopkar, Rahul Vijaykumar

    2004-11-15

    the hard switchings by natural turn-off, thereby eliminating the heatsinks as well as the large dc link capacitor. A controlled rectifier together with a large inductor act as the current source. The only disadvantage is the large value of the dc link...

  15. Bi-Directional DC-DC Converter for PHEV Applications

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Abas Goodarzi

    2011-01-31

    Plug-In Hybrid Electric Vehicles (PHEV) require high power density energy storage system (ESS) for hybrid operation and high energy density ESS for Electric Vehicle (EV) mode range. However, ESS technologies to maximize power density and energy density simultaneously are not commercially feasible. The use of bi-directional DC-DC converter allows use of multiple energy storage, and the flexible DC-link voltages can enhance the system efficiency and reduce component sizing. This will improve fuel consumption, increase the EV mode range, reduce the total weight, reduce battery initial and life cycle cost, and provide flexibility in system design.

  16. DC Pro Software Tool Suite

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    2009-04-01

    This fact sheet describes how DOE's Data Center Energy Profiler (DC Pro) Software Tool Suite and other resources can help U.S. companies identify ways to improve the efficiency of their data centers.

  17. Catalog of DC Appliances and Power Systems

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Garbesi, Karina; Vossos, Vagelis; Shen, Hongxia

    2010-10-13

    This document catalogs the characteristics of current and potential future DC products and power systems.

  18. Interaction of DC-DC converters and submarine power cables in offshore wind farm DC networks 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wood, Thomas Benedict

    2014-06-30

    Offshore wind power is attracting increasing levels of research and investment. The use of HVDC transmission and the development of DC grids are topics with similar high levels of interest that go hand in hand with the ...

  19. Dielectrophoresis device and method having nonuniform arrays for manipulating particles

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Cummings, Eric B.; Fintschenko, Yolanda; Simmons, Blake A.

    2012-09-04

    Microfluidic devices according to embodiments of the present invention include an inlet port, an outlet port, and a channel or chamber having a non-uniform array of insulating features on one or more surfaces. Electrodes are provided for generation of a spatially non-uniform electric field across the array. A voltage source, which may be an A.C. and/or a D.C. voltage source may be coupled to the electrodes for the generation of the electric field.

  20. Generating Isolated Outputs in a Multilevel Modular Capacitor Clamped DC-DC Converter

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tolbert, Leon M.

    -dc converters based on inductive energy transfer method (IETM) such as buck, boost, and buck-boost converter967 Generating Isolated Outputs in a Multilevel Modular Capacitor Clamped DC-DC Converter (MMCCC clamped dc-dc converter. The multilevel modular capacitor clamped converter (MMCCC) has several key

  1. Light-weight DC to very high voltage DC converter

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Druce, R.L.; Kirbie, H.C.; Newton, M.A.

    1998-06-30

    A DC-DC converter capable of generating outputs of 100 KV without a transformer comprises a silicon opening switch (SOS) diode connected to allow a charging current from a capacitor to flow into an inductor. When a specified amount of charge has flowed through the SOS diode, it opens up abruptly; and the consequential collapsing field of the inductor causes a voltage and current reversal that is steered into a load capacitor by an output diode. A switch across the series combination of the capacitor, inductor, and SOS diode closes to periodically reset the SOS diode by inducing a forward-biased current. 1 fig.

  2. Switching coordination of distributed dc-dc converters for highly efficient photovoltaic power plants

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Agamy, Mohammed; Elasser, Ahmed; Sabate, Juan Antonio; Galbraith, Anthony William; Harfman Todorovic, Maja

    2014-09-09

    A distributed photovoltaic (PV) power plant includes a plurality of distributed dc-dc converters. The dc-dc converters are configured to switch in coordination with one another such that at least one dc-dc converter transfers power to a common dc-bus based upon the total system power available from one or more corresponding strings of PV modules. Due to the coordinated switching of the dc-dc converters, each dc-dc converter transferring power to the common dc-bus continues to operate within its optimal efficiency range as well as to optimize the maximum power point tracking in order to increase the energy yield of the PV power plant.

  3. DC to DC power converters and methods of controlling the same

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Steigerwald, Robert Louis; Elasser, Ahmed; Sabate, Juan Antonio; Todorovic, Maja Harfman; Agamy, Mohammed

    2012-12-11

    A power generation system configured to provide direct current (DC) power to a DC link is described. The system includes a first power generation unit configured to output DC power. The system also includes a first DC to DC converter comprising an input section and an output section. The output section of the first DC to DC converter is coupled in series with the first power generation unit. The first DC to DC converter is configured to process a first portion of the DC power output by the first power generation unit and to provide an unprocessed second portion of the DC power output of the first power generation unit to the output section.

  4. Catalog of DC Appliances and Power Systems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Garbesi, Karina

    2012-01-01

    5V DC USB power from wall sockets. .. 52 viprovides 5V DC USB power from wall sockets. Reproduced withPower over Ethernet 51 Universal Serial Bus Wall

  5. Catalog of DC Appliances and Power Systems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Garbesi, Karina

    2012-01-01

    main conclusions about off-grid markets for DC appliances,and power systems. Mature Off-Grid Markets for DC Appliancesapplications include off-grid residential, telecom, remote

  6. Catalog of DC Appliances and Power Systems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Garbesi, Karina

    2012-01-01

    AEE Solar. 2010 Renewable Energy Design Guide and Catalog.2009, 2010, Interstate Renewable Energy Council. RetrievedDC) generated by on-site renewable energy systems in its DC

  7. Ecological benefits of dc power transmission

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kutuzova, N. B.

    2011-05-15

    The environmental effects of dc overhead transmission lines are examined. The major effects of ac and dc transmission lines are compared. Dc lines have advantages compared to ac lines in terms of electrical safety for people under the lines, biological effects, corona losses, and clearance width.

  8. Analysis and Optimization of Switched-Capacitor DC-DC Converters

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sanders, Seth

    on conduction loss) of a ladder-type converter is found to be superior to that of a conventional boost converterAnalysis and Optimization of Switched-Capacitor DC-DC Converters Michael D. Seeman, Seth R. Sanders­ Analysis methods are developed that fully determine a switched-capacitor (SC) dc-dc converter's steady

  9. QER Public Meeting in Washington, DC: Enhancing Energy Infrastructure...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Washington, DC: Enhancing Energy Infrastructure Resiliency and Addressing Vulnerabilities QER Public Meeting in Washington, DC: Enhancing Energy Infrastructure Resiliency and...

  10. Method and apparatus for generating radiation utilizing DC to AC conversion with a conductive front

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Dawson, John M. (Pacific Palisades, CA); Mori, Warren B. (Hermosa Beach, CA); Lai, Chih-Hsiang (So. Pasadena, CA); Katsouleas, Thomas C. (Malibu, CA)

    1998-01-01

    Method and apparatus for generating radiation of high power, variable duration and broad tunability over several orders of magnitude from a laser-ionized gas-filled capacitor array. The method and apparatus convert a DC electric field pattern into a coherent electromagnetic wave train when a relativistic ionization front passes between the capacitor plates. The frequency and duration of the radiation is controlled by the gas pressure and capacitor spacing.

  11. Catalog of DC Appliances and Power Systems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Garbesi, Karina

    2012-01-01

    mainly fluorescent and LED lighting and DC ceiling fans. TheFluorescent, CFL Lighting systems: LED Fluorescent and CFLlamps CFL lamps LED lamp CFL floodlight Lighting systems:

  12. Simultaneous distribution of AC and DC power

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Polese, Luigi Gentile

    2015-09-15

    A system and method for the transport and distribution of both AC (alternating current) power and DC (direct current) power over wiring infrastructure normally used for distributing AC power only, for example, residential and/or commercial buildings' electrical wires is disclosed and taught. The system and method permits the combining of AC and DC power sources and the simultaneous distribution of the resulting power over the same wiring. At the utilization site a complementary device permits the separation of the DC power from the AC power and their reconstruction, for use in conventional AC-only and DC-only devices.

  13. Catalog of DC Appliances and Power Systems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Garbesi, Karina

    2012-01-01

    sited renewable energy market for the foreseeable future. Inup renewable energy systems increases in the future, chargerenewable energy sources [5]. If direct-DC has a future in

  14. Catalog of DC Appliances and Power Systems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Garbesi, Karina

    2012-01-01

    similarly to an uninterruptible power supply. Lifetime:utility coupled with uninterruptible power requirements forloads serviced by DC uninterruptible power supplies in data

  15. SSL Demonstration: Parking Garage Lighting, Washington, DC

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    2013-06-01

    GATEWAY program report brief summarizing an SSL parking garage demonstration at the Dept. of Labor headquarters parking garage in Washington, DC.

  16. Reliability Assessment of Fault-Tolerant Dc-Dc Converters for Photovoltaic Applications

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Liberzon, Daniel

    Reliability Assessment of Fault-Tolerant Dc-Dc Converters for Photovoltaic Applications Sairaj V in photovoltaic energy processing applications is presented. The proposed approach acknowledges the influence through several case studies. Index Terms-- Markov reliability modeling, photovoltaic systems, power

  17. Design of a very high frequency resonant boost DC-DC converter

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Burkhart, Justin (Justin Michael)

    2010-01-01

    THIS thesis explores the development of a very high frequency DC-DC resonant boost converter. The topology examined features low parts count and fast transient response but suffers from higher device stresses compared to ...

  18. Design and evaluation of a very high frequency dc/dc converter

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pilawa-Podgurski, Robert C. N

    2007-01-01

    This thesis presents a resonant boost topology suitable for very high frequency (VHF, 30-300 MHz) dc-dc power conversion. The proposed design is a fixed frequency, fixed duty ratio resonant converter featuring low device ...

  19. Design and characterization of a radio-frequency dc/dc power converter

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jackson, David A. (David Alexander)

    2005-01-01

    The use of radio-frequency (RF) amplifier topologies in dc/dc power converters allows the operating frequency to be increased by more than two orders of magnitude over the frequency of conventional converters. This enables ...

  20. Radio frequency dc-dc converters : device characterization, topology evaluation, and design

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Leitermann, Olivia

    2008-01-01

    High frequency power conversion is attractive for the opportunities it affords for improved performance. Dc-dc converters operating at high frequencies use smaller-valued energy storage elements, which tend to be physically ...

  1. Design and analysis of multiphase DC-DC converters with coupled inductors 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shi, Meng

    2007-09-17

    , directly coupled inductors have the benefit of low sensitivity to input variation at high frequencies. In addition, the proposed new structure for multiphase DC-DC converters has excellent current sharing performance and reduced current ripple. Computer...

  2. Computer-aided optimization of DC/DC converters for automotive applications

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Neugebauer, Timothy C.

    This paper investigates computer-aided optimization of DC/DC converters, with a focus on converters for dual-voltage automotive electrical systems. A new CAD optimization approach based on Monte Carlo search methods is ...

  3. The capacitively coupled converter (C³) for high power DC-DC conversion 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Khan, Shahriar

    1992-01-01

    THE CAPACITIVELY COUPLED CONVERTER (C3) FOR HIGH POWER DC-DC CONVERSION A Thesis by SHAHRIAR KHAN Submitted to the Office of Graduate Studies of Texas A&M University in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of MASTER... OF SCIENCE May 1992 Major Subject: Electrical Engineering THE CAPACITIVELY COUPLED CONVERTER (Cs) FOR HIGH POWER DC-DC CONVERSION A Thesis by SHAHRIAR KHAN Approved as to style and content by: Mehrdad Ehsani (Chair of Committee) Prasad Enjeti...

  4. High Speed CMOS Output Stage for Integrated DC-DC Converters Wai Tung Ng*, Marian Changl

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ng, Wai Tung

    to attain maximum channel width per unit area for low on-resistance. A typical MF layout and its equivalent DC/DC converters is characterized by power conversion efficiency, transient response, size and cost is introduced to enhance the switching speed and power conversion efficiency of low voltage integrated DC

  5. Design and development of a DC-DC converter for a fuel cell inverter system 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gopinath, Rajesh

    2001-01-01

    (FEC)' organized by the Department of Energy and IEEE in August 2001. An efficient 3-terminal DC-DC push-pull topology was adopted to meet the performance and stringent cost constraints. A broad overview of the DC-AC inverter and its control is also...

  6. Halbach array generator/motor having an automatically regulated output voltage and mechanical power output

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Post, Richard F.

    2005-02-22

    A motor/generator having its stationary portion, i.e., the stator, positioned concentrically within its rotatable element, i.e., the rotor, along its axis of rotation. The rotor includes a Halbach array. The stator windings are switched or commutated to provide a DC motor/generator much the same as in a conventional DC motor/generator. The voltage and power are automatically regulated by using centrifugal force to change the diameter of the rotor, and thereby vary the radial gap in between the stator and the rotating Halbach array, as a function of the angular velocity of the rotor.

  7. High Voltage DC Transmission 2 1.0 Introduction

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    McCalley, James D.

    1 High Voltage DC Transmission 2 1.0 Introduction Interconnecting HVDC within an AC system requires conversion from AC to DC and inversion from DC to AC. We refer to the circuits which provide conversion from AC to DC as rectifiers and the circuits which provide conversion from DC to AC as inverters. The term

  8. High voltage DC power supply

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Droege, Thomas F. (Batavia, IL)

    1989-01-01

    A high voltage DC power supply having a first series resistor at the output for limiting current in the event of a short-circuited output, a second series resistor for sensing the magnitude of output current, and a voltage divider circuit for providing a source of feedback voltage for use in voltage regulation is disclosed. The voltage divider circuit is coupled to the second series resistor so as to compensate the feedback voltage for a voltage drop across the first series resistor. The power supply also includes a pulse-width modulated control circuit, having dual clock signals, which is responsive to both the feedback voltage and a command voltage, and also includes voltage and current measuring circuits responsive to the feedback voltage and the voltage developed across the second series resistor respectively.

  9. High voltage DC power supply

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Droege, T.F.

    1989-12-19

    A high voltage DC power supply having a first series resistor at the output for limiting current in the event of a short-circuited output, a second series resistor for sensing the magnitude of output current, and a voltage divider circuit for providing a source of feedback voltage for use in voltage regulation is disclosed. The voltage divider circuit is coupled to the second series resistor so as to compensate the feedback voltage for a voltage drop across the first series resistor. The power supply also includes a pulse-width modulated control circuit, having dual clock signals, which is responsive to both the feedback voltage and a command voltage, and also includes voltage and current measuring circuits responsive to the feedback voltage and the voltage developed across the second series resistor respectively. 7 figs.

  10. DC-based magnetic field controller

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Kotter, Dale K. (Shelley, ID); Rankin, Richard A. (Ammon, ID); Morgan, John P,. (Idaho Falls, ID)

    1994-01-01

    A magnetic field controller for laboratory devices and in particular to dc operated magnetic field controllers for mass spectrometers, comprising a dc power supply in combination with improvements to a hall probe subsystem, display subsystem, preamplifier, field control subsystem, and an output stage.

  11. Report on dipole-dipole resistivity and technology transfer at the Ahuachapan Geothermal field Ahuachapan, El Salvador

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Fink, J.B. )

    1988-08-01

    The Ahuachapan Geothermal Field (AGF) is a 90 megawatt geothermal-sourced powerplant operated by the Comision Ejecutiva Hidroelectrica del Rio Lempa (CEL) of El Salvador. During the period November 1987 through May 1988 a deep resistivity survey and technology transfer was performed at the AGF at the request of Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL) as part of a United States Agency for International Development (USAID) project. The resistivity surveying is ongoing at the time of this report under the supervision of CEL personnel. LANL and contract personnel were present at the site during performance of the initial surveying for the purpose of technology transfer. This report presents the results and interpretation of the two initial resistivity survey lines performed on site during and shortly after the technology transfer period.

  12. Alcohol Outlets and Violent Crime in Washington D.C.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Franklin, F. Abron; LaVeist, Thomas A.; Webster, Daniel W.; Pan, William K.

    2010-01-01

    of Violence and Disorder. Washington, D.C. : The Urbanand Violent Crime in Washington D.C. F. Abron Franklin II,Involvement in Crime. Washington, D.C. : U.S. Department of

  13. Dielectrophoresis device and method having non-uniform arrays for manipulating particles

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Cummings, Eric B. (Livermore, CA); Fintschenko, Yolanda (Livermore, CA); Simmons, Blake (San Francisco, CA)

    2008-09-02

    Microfluidic devices according to embodiments of the present invention include an inlet port, an outlet port, and a channel or chamber having a non-uniform array of insulating features on one or more surfaces. Electrodes are provided for generation of a spatially non-uniform electric field across the array. A voltage source, which may be an A.C. and/or a D.C. voltage source may be coupled to the electrodes for the generation of the electric field.

  14. Carbon nanotube nanoelectrode arrays

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Ren, Zhifeng (Newton, MA); Lin, Yuehe (Richland, WA); Yantasee, Wassana (Richland, WA); Liu, Guodong (Fargo, ND); Lu, Fang (Burlingame, CA); Tu, Yi (Camarillo, CA)

    2008-11-18

    The present invention relates to microelectode arrays (MEAs), and more particularly to carbon nanotube nanoelectrode arrays (CNT-NEAs) for chemical and biological sensing, and methods of use. A nanoelectrode array includes a carbon nanotube material comprising an array of substantially linear carbon nanotubes each having a proximal end and a distal end, the proximal end of the carbon nanotubes are attached to a catalyst substrate material so as to form the array with a pre-determined site density, wherein the carbon nanotubes are aligned with respect to one another within the array; an electrically insulating layer on the surface of the carbon nanotube material, whereby the distal end of the carbon nanotubes extend beyond the electrically insulating layer; a second adhesive electrically insulating layer on the surface of the electrically insulating layer, whereby the distal end of the carbon nanotubes extend beyond the second adhesive electrically insulating layer; and a metal wire attached to the catalyst substrate material.

  15. Focal plane array with modular pixel array components for scalability

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Kay, Randolph R; Campbell, David V; Shinde, Subhash L; Rienstra, Jeffrey L; Serkland, Darwin K; Holmes, Michael L

    2014-12-09

    A modular, scalable focal plane array is provided as an array of integrated circuit dice, wherein each die includes a given amount of modular pixel array circuitry. The array of dice effectively multiplies the amount of modular pixel array circuitry to produce a larger pixel array without increasing die size. Desired pixel pitch across the enlarged pixel array is preserved by forming die stacks with each pixel array circuitry die stacked on a separate die that contains the corresponding signal processing circuitry. Techniques for die stack interconnections and die stack placement are implemented to ensure that the desired pixel pitch is preserved across the enlarged pixel array.

  16. EA-351 DC Energy Dakota, LLC | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Dakota, LLC Order authorizing DC Energy Dakota, LLC to export electric energy to Canada EA-351 DC Energy Dakota, LLC More Documents & Publications Application to Export...

  17. INL Efficiency and Security Testing of EVSE, DC Fast Chargers...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    and Security Testing of EVSE, DC Fast Chargers, and Wireless Charging Systems INL Efficiency and Security Testing of EVSE, DC Fast Chargers, and Wireless Charging Systems...

  18. Report Now Available: DC Microgrids Scoping Study--Estimate of...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Report Now Available: DC Microgrids Scoping Study--Estimate of Technical and Economic Benefits (March 2015) Report Now Available: DC Microgrids Scoping Study--Estimate of Technical...

  19. Energy Department Completes Cool Roof Installation on DC Headquarters...

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    Energy Department Completes Cool Roof Installation on DC Headquarters Building to Save Money by Saving Energy Energy Department Completes Cool Roof Installation on DC Headquarters...

  20. AVTA: Battery Testing - DC Fast Charging's Effects on PEV Batteries...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Battery Testing - DC Fast Charging's Effects on PEV Batteries AVTA: Battery Testing - DC Fast Charging's Effects on PEV Batteries The Vehicle Technologies Office's Advanced Vehicle...

  1. AVTA: Hasdec DC Fast Charging Testing Results | Department of...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Hasdec DC Fast Charging Testing Results AVTA: Hasdec DC Fast Charging Testing Results The Vehicle Technologies Office's Advanced Vehicle Testing Activity carries out testing on a...

  2. Low Cost, High Temperature, High Ripple Current DC Bus Capacitors...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Low Cost, High Temperature, High Ripple Current DC Bus Capacitors Low Cost, High Temperature, High Ripple Current DC Bus Capacitors 2010 DOE Vehicle Technologies and Hydrogen...

  3. myArray[10]; declares ``myArray''

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sekerinski, Emil

    Array[7] = { 0 }; /* result: [ 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0 ] */ int myArray[7] = { }; /* Not ANSI CMaster University 1.47 51 VarArray #include /*VarArray.c */ #define SIZE 10 void printRow(int r [], intSE2S03, 2006 ---WOLFRAM KAHL, Computing and Software, McMaster University 1.9 12 Arrays int my

  4. Array for detecting microbes

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Andersen, Gary L.; DeSantis, Todd D.

    2014-07-08

    The present embodiments relate to an array system for detecting and identifying biomolecules and organisms. More specifically, the present embodiments relate to an array system comprising a microarray configured to simultaneously detect a plurality of organisms in a sample at a high confidence level.

  5. NOISE AND OPTIMIZATION OF THE dc SQUID

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tesche, Claudia Denke

    2011-01-01

    unpublished). A. Van der Ziel, Noise (Prentice-Hall, Inc. ,MAY 29 19ft LBL-8510 MASTER NOISE AND OPTIMIZATION OF THE deW-7405-ENG-48 LBL-8510 NOISE AND OPTIMIZATION OF THE dc

  6. Catalog of DC Appliances and Power Systems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Garbesi, Karina

    2012-01-01

    DC/AC-Hybrid) LED AC LED Power (W) Figure 8. Efficacywith the same power consumption. For LEDs, the improvementLED light-emitting diode viii lumen a measure of the power

  7. DC High School Science Bowl Regionals

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    This event is the Washington, D.C. High School Regional competition for the US National Science Bowl. The regional competition is run by the Office of Economic Impact and Diversity, and the...

  8. Catalog of DC Appliances and Power Systems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Garbesi, Karina

    2012-01-01

    direct-DC. The timing of EV charging relative to PV outputadded a hypothetical EV charging load. The EV load could bewith building loads. EV charging standards [26, 27

  9. Catalog of DC Appliances and Power Systems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Garbesi, Karina

    2012-01-01

    Ovens Electric Heat Pumps Geothermal Heat Pumps Solar WaterOvens Appliance DC-internal product power (Watts) Personal Computers and Related Equipment Rechargeable Electronics Refrigerators Room Air Conditioners Security Systems Solar

  10. Catalog of DC Appliances and Power Systems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Garbesi, Karina

    2012-01-01

    produce a DC-compatible dishwasher that uses 51% less energyCooking Equipments Dishwashers Lighting Electric Other Waterby end-Use ( TWh) Dishwashers DVDs/VCRs DVDs/VCRs Freezers

  11. Microfabricated ion trap array

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Blain, Matthew G. (Albuquerque, NM); Fleming, James G. (Albuquerque, NM)

    2006-12-26

    A microfabricated ion trap array, comprising a plurality of ion traps having an inner radius of order one micron, can be fabricated using surface micromachining techniques and materials known to the integrated circuits manufacturing and microelectromechanical systems industries. Micromachining methods enable batch fabrication, reduced manufacturing costs, dimensional and positional precision, and monolithic integration of massive arrays of ion traps with microscale ion generation and detection devices. Massive arraying enables the microscale ion traps to retain the resolution, sensitivity, and mass range advantages necessary for high chemical selectivity. The reduced electrode voltage enables integration of the microfabricated ion trap array with on-chip circuit-based rf operation and detection electronics (i.e., cell phone electronics). Therefore, the full performance advantages of the microfabricated ion trap array can be realized in truly field portable, handheld microanalysis systems.

  12. American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics Active System Identification of a DC-DC Converter Using

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics 1 Active System Identification of a DC and Computer Engineering, UCB 425. #12;American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics 2 analysis10

  13. Improved DC Gun Insulator Assembly

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Sah, R.; Dudas, A.; Neubauer, M. L.; Poelker, M.; Surles-Law, K. E.L.

    2010-05-23

    Many user fa­cil­i­ties such as syn­chrotron ra­di­a­tion light sources and free elec­tron lasers re­quire ac­cel­er­at­ing struc­tures that sup­port elec­tric fields of 10-100 MV/m, es­pe­cial­ly at the start of the ac­cel­er­a­tor chain where ce­ram­ic in­su­la­tors are used for very high gra­di­ent DC guns. These in­su­la­tors are dif­fi­cult to man­u­fac­ture, re­quire long com­mis­sion­ing times, and often ex­hib­it poor re­li­a­bil­i­ty. Two tech­ni­cal ap­proach­es to solv­ing this prob­lem will be in­ves­ti­gat­ed. First­ly, in­vert­ed ce­ram­ics offer so­lu­tions for re­duced gra­di­ents be­tween the elec­trodes and ground. An in­vert­ed de­sign will be pre­sent­ed for 350 kV, with max­i­mum gra­di­ents in the range of 5-10 MV/m. Sec­ond­ly, novel ce­ram­ic man­u­fac­tur­ing pro­cess­es will be stud­ied, in order to pro­tect triple junc­tion lo­ca­tions from emis­sion, by ap­ply­ing a coat­ing with a bulk re­sis­tiv­i­ty. The pro­cess­es for cre­at­ing this coat­ing will be op­ti­mized to pro­vide pro­tec­tion as well as be used to coat a ce­ram­ic with an ap­pro­pri­ate gra­di­ent in bulk re­sis­tiv­i­ty from the vac­u­um side to the air side of an HV stand­off ce­ram­ic cylin­der. Ex­am­ple in­su­la­tor de­signs are being com­put­er mod­elled, and in­su­la­tor sam­ples are being man­u­fac­tured and test­ed

  14. A DC-DC Converter-Based PEM Fuel Cell System Emulator

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyer, Edmond

    A DC-DC Converter-Based PEM Fuel Cell System Emulator Daoud Rezzak, Farid Khoucha, Mohamed Benbouzid, Abdelaziz Kheloui and Abdeslam Mamoune Abstract--The Proton Exchange Membrane Fuel Cell (PEMFC power supplies. Fuel cell systems are characterized by high costs and complex auxiliary devices

  15. DC's Marble ceiling : urban height and its regulation in Washington, DC

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Trueblood, Andrew Tyson

    2009-01-01

    Washington, DC has a unique urban form that is the result of a century-old law. Through the narrow lens of DC's height limit, I survey a range of topics related to urban height, starting with a review of its history of ...

  16. Method to Improve Total Dose Radiation Hardness in a CMOS dc-dc Boost

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wilamowski, Bogdan Maciej

    Method to Improve Total Dose Radiation Hardness in a CMOS dc-dc Boost Converter Huadian Pan in a wide range of radiation environment, with increasing total dose radiation, The efticieney also greatly for low-power applications (1],[2]. It is known that radiation has many effects on MOSFETs

  17. Development of a 55 kW 3X DC-DC Converter for HEV Systems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tolbert, Leon M.

    efficiency provide the great potential for the very high temperature operation. The circuit parameter design converter and a traction motor to drive the vehicle. In most commercial HEV systems, the power converter, 37996 Abstract--The design of a 55 kW 3X dc-dc converter is presented for hybrid electric vehicle (HEV

  18. Time domain design of digital compensators for PWM DC-DC converters

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    transformation and discretization. Digital PID controllers for a Buck and Boost type converters were implemented (via the various transformation algorithms), a digital compensator operates, in reality, in the sampledTime domain design of digital compensators for PWM DC-DC converters Mor Mordechai Peretz and Sam

  19. 5 kW Multilevel DC-DC Converter for Hybrid Electric and Fuel Cell Automotive

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tolbert, Leon M.

    5 kW Multilevel DC-DC Converter for Hybrid Electric and Fuel Cell Automotive Applications Faisal H) for future hybrid electric vehicle and fuel cell automotive applications will be presented in this paper will impact if the 42V/14V dual bus system will be a successful and cost effective solution for future

  20. Aalborg Universitet Optimization with System Damping Restoration for Droop Controlled DC-DC

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Vasquez, Juan Carlos

    --The parallel operation of dc-dc converters is widely used in distribution systems and uninterruptable power supply systems. Droop control along with virtual resistance (VR) is considered a simple and reliable method for achieving wireless power sharing among converters. In order to enhance the efficiency

  1. DC WRRC Report No. 44 THE D.C. WATER RESOURCES RESEARCH CENTER

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    District of Columbia, University of the

    . The agreements will reduce the possibility of water shortages during low flows or pollution crisis and insure for new expanded treatment facilities. Finally, the recently completed Rock Creek water shed study has#12;DC WRRC Report No. 44 THE D.C. WATER RESOURCES RESEARCH CENTER THE UNIVERSITY OF THE DISTRICT

  2. Expandable LED array interconnect

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Yuan, Thomas Cheng-Hsin; Keller, Bernd

    2011-03-01

    A light emitting device that can function as an array element in an expandable array of such devices. The light emitting device comprises a substrate that has a top surface and a plurality of edges. Input and output terminals are mounted to the top surface of the substrate. Both terminals comprise a plurality of contact pads disposed proximate to the edges of the substrate, allowing for easy access to both terminals from multiple edges of the substrate. A lighting element is mounted to the top surface of the substrate. The lighting element is connected between the input and output terminals. The contact pads provide multiple access points to the terminals which allow for greater flexibility in design when the devices are used as array elements in an expandable array.

  3. Homopolar dc motor and trapped flux brushless dc motor using high temperature superconductor materials

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Crapo, A.D.; Lloyd, J.D. (Emerson Electric Co., St. Louis, MO (US))

    1991-03-01

    This paper reports on two motors designed and built for use with high temperature superconductor (HTSC) materials. They are a homopolar DC motor that will use HTSC field windings and a brushless DC motor that will use bulk HTSC material to trap flux in steel rotor poles. The HTSC field windings of the homopolar DC motor are designed to operate at 1000 Amperes/cm{sup 2} in a 0.010 Tesla (100 Gauss) field. In order to maximize torque in the homopolar DC motor, an iron magnetic circuit with small air gaps gives maximum flux for minimum Ampere turns in the field. A copper field winding version of the homopolar DC motor has been tested while the authors wait for 575 Ampere turn HTSC coils.

  4. Random array grid collimator

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Fenimore, E.E.

    1980-08-22

    A hexagonally shaped quasi-random no-two-holes touching grid collimator. The quasi-random array grid collimator eliminates contamination from small angle off-axis rays by using a no-two-holes-touching pattern which simultaneously provides for a self-supporting array increasng throughput by elimination of a substrate. The presentation invention also provides maximum throughput using hexagonally shaped holes in a hexagonal lattice pattern for diffraction limited applications. Mosaicking is also disclosed for reducing fabrication effort.

  5. Amorphous silicon cell array powered solar tracking apparatus

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Hanak, Joseph J. (Lawrenceville, NJ)

    1985-01-01

    An array of an even number of amorphous silicon solar cells are serially connected between first and second terminals of opposite polarity. The terminals are connected to one input terminal of a DC motor whose other input terminal is connected to the mid-cell of the serial array. Vane elements are adjacent the end cells to selectively shadow one or the other of the end cells when the array is oriented from a desired attitude relative to the sun. The shadowing of one cell of a group of cells on one side of the mid-cell reduces the power of that group substantially so that full power from the group of cells on the other side of the mid-cell drives the motor to reorient the array to the desired attitude. The cell groups each have a full power output at the power rating of the motor. When the array is at the desired attitude the power output of the two groups of cells balances due to their opposite polarity so that the motor remains unpowered.

  6. An Exploration of the Perceptions and Utilizations of Networking Systems in Washington, D.C.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lindsey, Robynne

    2013-01-01

    Personal Interview. Washington, D.C. , July 25, 2013.Personal Interview. Washington, D.C. , August 12, 2013.Personal Interview. Washington, D.C. , July 17, 2013. 12

  7. FEDERAL COMMUNICATIONS COMMISSION Washington, DC 20554

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bove Jr., V. Michael

    FCC 96­207 Before the FEDERAL COMMUNICATIONS COMMISSION Washington, DC 20554 In the Matter of a mechanism for a bit stream layer transmission standard (into which, e.g., MPEG­2 could fit) 3) The FCC: number of hours per day of digital television transmission, minimal Quality of Service specifications

  8. SUBCONTRACT REPORT: DC-DC Converter for Fuel Cell and Hybrid Vehicles

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Marlino, Laura D; Zhu, Lizhi

    2007-07-01

    The goal of this project is to develop and fabricate a 5kW dc-dc converter with a baseline 14V output capability for fuel cell and hybrid vehicles. The major objectives for this dc-dc converter technology are to meet: Higher efficiency (92%); High coolant temperature,e capability (105 C); High reliability (15 Years/150,000miles); Smaller volume (5L); Lower weight (6kg); and Lower cost ($75/kW). The key technical challenge for these converters is the 105 C coolant temperatures. The power switches and magnetics must be designed to sustain these operating temperatures reliably, without a large cost/mass/volume penalty.

  9. D.C. Water Resources Research Center Annual Technical Report

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    - DC Water and Sewer Authority (WASA) The Institutes received favorable responses from and met with the following new Advisory Board members: 1- Mr. Richard Gianni, Water Quality Manager, DC Water and Sewer

  10. Decoherence and dephasing errors caused by the dc Stark effect...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    Decoherence and dephasing errors caused by the dc Stark effect in rapid ion transport Citation Details In-Document Search Title: Decoherence and dephasing errors caused by the dc...

  11. DC Microgrids Scoping Study: Estimate of Technical and Economic...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    applications where the end-use loads are natively DC, e.g., computers, solid-state lighting, and building networks. These early DC applications may provide higher efficiency,...

  12. Persons Who Received the DC PSC's Emergency Petition and Complaint...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Persons Who Received the DC PSC's Emergency Petition and Complaint via E-mail on August 24, 2005 Persons Who Received the DC PSC's Emergency Petition and Complaint via E-mail on...

  13. Aalborg Universitet Hierarchical Control for Multiple DC-Microgrids Clusters

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Vasquez, Juan Carlos

    , and energy storages (e.g., secondary battery and super capacitor) [7]­[15]. Normally, dc MGs are proposed

  14. Energy Training Session for DC Elementary School Teachers

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Are you an elementary school teacher in Washington, DC, looking for creative ideas to introduce energy curriculum to your students?

  15. Exploring the Raft River geothermal area, Idaho, with the dc...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    the dc resistivity method (Abstract) Abstract GEOTHERMAL ENERGY; GEOTHERMAL FIELDS; ELECTRICAL SURVEYS; IDAHO; GEOTHERMAL EXPLORATION; RAFT RIVER VALLEY; ELECTRIC CONDUCTIVITY;...

  16. Urbanisation de DC ANF Datacentres 2 Octobre 2014

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    van Tiggelen, Bart

    Urbanisation de DC ANF Datacentres ­ 2 Octobre 2014 Cargese Urbanisation des Datacentres Romaric David david@unistra.fr Univerité de Strasbourg 2 Octobre 2014 #12;2 Urbanisation de DC ANF Datacentres constructeurs Conclusion #12;3 Urbanisation de DC ANF Datacentres ­ 2 Octobre 2014 Cargese Introduction Centre

  17. D.C. Water Resources Research Center Annual Technical Report

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    D.C. Water Resources Research Center Annual Technical Report FY 2007 D.C. Water Resources Research of the District of Columbia (DC) Water Resources Research Institute (the Institute) for the period of March 1 relevant water resources research results and transfer information to assist policy makers and residents

  18. Aalborg Universitet Hierarchical Control for Multiple DC Microgrids Clusters

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Vasquez, Juan Carlos

    Aalborg Universitet Hierarchical Control for Multiple DC Microgrids Clusters Shafiee, Qobad). Hierarchical Control for Multiple DC Microgrids Clusters. I E E E Transactions on Energy Conversion, 29(4), 922. Dragicevic, J. C. Vasquez, and J. M. Guerrero, "Hierarchical Control for Multiple DC-Microgrids Clusters

  19. RF MEMS DC CONTACT SWTCHES FOR RECONFIGURABLE Presented to the

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kassegne, Samuel Kinde

    RF MEMS DC CONTACT SWTCHES FOR RECONFIGURABLE ANTENNAS _______________ A Thesis Presented STATE UNIVERSITY The Undersigned Faculty Committee Approves the Thesis of Lei Zhou: RF DC Contact MEMS rock and water, water, through persistence, eventually wins. #12;vi ABSTRACT OF THE THESIS RF MEMS DC

  20. Q&A: Kristen Psaki of WeatherizeDC

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Roughly 20 percent of carbon emissions come from inefficient homes. The DC Project says it has found a way to mitigate emissions and create jobs, a winning combination. WeatherizeDC is the non-profit’s effort to use a community engagement model to help DC residents find green jobs and live a more energy efficient lifestyle.

  1. Energy Challenge Two: The WeatherizeDC Campaign

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    WeatherizeDC is a campaign of The DC Project, a nonprofit based in Washington, D.C., founded by former leaders of the Obama for America campaign around a mission to advance economic and environmental justice by creating clean energy career opportunities for people who need them most.

  2. A single-inductor switching DC-DC converter with five outputs and ordered power-distributive control

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Le, Hanh-Phuc; Chae, Chang-Seok; Lee, Kwang-Chan; Wang, Se-Won; Cho, Gyu-Ha; Cho, Gyu-Hyeong

    2007-01-01

    integrated current mode boost converter in standard 3.3=5-Vef?ciency CMOS DC-DC boost converter with current sensingdeveloping reset ICs, boost converters for PM OLED, and SIMO

  3. Low Power DC-DC Converters and a Low Quiescent Power High PSRR Class-D Audio Amplifier 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Torres, Joselyn

    2013-12-03

    High-performance DC-DC voltage converters and high-efficient class-D audio amplifiers are required to extend battery life and reduce cost in portable electronics. This dissertation focuses on new system architectures and design techniques...

  4. Design of a step-down DC-DC controller integrated circuit with adaptive dead-time control

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Li, Zhipeng, M. Eng. Massachusetts Institute of Technology

    2010-01-01

    A constant-frequency peak current mode synchronous step-down DC-DC controller integrated circuit has been designed with adaptive dead-time control. The adaptive dead-time control circuitry is implemented as digital ...

  5. The Murchison Widefield Array Correlator

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cappallo, Roger J.

    The Murchison Widefield Array is a Square Kilometre Array Precursor. The telescope is located at the Murchison Radio–astronomy Observatory in Western Australia. The MWA consists of 4 096 dipoles arranged into 128 dual ...

  6. Computer-Aided Optimization of dc/dc Converters for Automotive Applications Timothy C. Neugebauer David J. Perreault

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Perreault, Dave

    Computer-Aided Optimization of dc/dc Converters for Automotive Applications Timothy C. Neugebauer/dc converters, with a focus on converters for dual-voltage automotive electrical systems. A new CAD optimization is the next evolutionary step for automotive electrical systems. High-power loads will be moved to a new high

  7. Category:DC Resistivity Survey (Pole-Dipole Array) | Open Energy

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION JEnvironmentalBowerbank,Cammack Village,8199089°,AnalyticalCuttings Analysis Jump

  8. DC Resistivity Survey (Wenner Array) At Mt Princeton Hot Springs Geothermal

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTIONRobertsdale, Alabama (UtilityInstruments Inc Jump to: navigation,(RECP) in Jump to: navigation,Area

  9. Solid state neutron detector array

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Seidel, J.G.; Ruddy, F.H.; Brandt, C.D.; Dulloo, A.R.; Lott, R.G.; Sirianni, E.; Wilson, R.O.

    1999-08-17

    A neutron detector array is capable of measuring a wide range of neutron fluxes. The array includes multiple semiconductor neutron detectors. Each detector has a semiconductor active region that is resistant to radiation damage. In one embodiment, the array preferably has a relatively small size, making it possible to place the array in confined locations. The ability of the array to detect a wide range of neutron fluxes is highly advantageous for many applications such as detecting neutron flux during start up, ramp up and full power of nuclear reactors. 7 figs.

  10. Solid state neutron detector array

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Seidel, John G. (Pittsburgh, PA); Ruddy, Frank H. (Monroeville, PA); Brandt, Charles D. (Mount Lebanon, PA); Dulloo, Abdul R. (Pittsburgh, PA); Lott, Randy G. (Pittsburgh, PA); Sirianni, Ernest (Monroeville, PA); Wilson, Randall O. (Greensburg, PA)

    1999-01-01

    A neutron detector array is capable of measuring a wide range of neutron fluxes. The array includes multiple semiconductor neutron detectors. Each detector has a semiconductor active region that is resistant to radiation damage. In one embodiment, the array preferably has a relatively small size, making it possible to place the array in confined locations. The ability of the array to detect a wide range of neutron fluxes is highly advantageous for many applications such as detecting neutron flux during start up, ramp up and full power of nuclear reactors.

  11. Solar collector array

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Hall, John Champlin; Martins, Guy Lawrence

    2015-09-06

    A method and apparatus for efficient manufacture, assembly and production of solar energy. In one aspect, the apparatus may include a number of modular solar receiver assemblies that may be separately manufactured, assembled and individually inserted into a solar collector array housing shaped to receive a plurality of solar receivers. The housing may include optical elements for focusing light onto the individual receivers, and a circuit for electrically connecting the solar receivers.

  12. Improved DC Gun and Insulator Assembly

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Neubauer, Michael; Johnson, Rolland P

    2015-01-11

    Many user facilities such as synchrotron radiation light sources and free electron lasers rely on DC high voltage photoguns with internal field gradients as high as 10 to 15 MV/m. These high gradients often lead to field emission which poses serious problems for the photocathode used to generate the electron beam and the ceramic insulators used to bias the photocathode at high voltage. Ceramic insulators are difficult to manufacture, require long commissioning times, and have poor reliability, in part because energetic electrons bury themselves in the ceramic causing a buildup of charge and eventual puncture, and also because large diameter ceramics are difficult to braze reliably. The lifetimes of photo cathodes inside high current DC guns exhibiting field emission are limited to less than a hundred hours. Reducing the surface gradients on the metals reduces the field emission, which serves to maintain the required ultrahigh vacuum condition. A novel gun design with gradients around 5 MV/m and operating at 350 kV, a major improvement over existing designs, was proposed that allows for the in-situ replacement of photo cathodes in axially symmetric designs using inverted ceramics. In this project, the existing JLAB CEBAF asymmetric gun design with an inverted ceramic support was modeled and the beam dynamics characterized. An improved structure was designed that reduces the surface gradients and improves the beam optics. To minimize the surface gradients, a number of electrostatic gun designs were studied to determine the optimum configuration of the critical electrodes within the gun structure. Coating experiments were carried out to create a charge dissipative coating for cylindrical ceramics. The phase II proposal, which was not granted, included the design and fabrication of an axially symmetric DC Gun with an inverted ceramic that would operate with less than 5 MV/m at 350 kV and would be designed with an in-situ replaceable photo-cathode.

  13. Quantitative Outgassing studies in DC Electrical breakdown

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Levinsen, Yngve Inntjore; Calatroni, Sergio; Taborelli, Mauro; Wünsch, Walter

    2010-01-01

    Breakdown in the accelerating structures sets an important limit to the performance of the CLIC linear collider. Vacuum degradation and subsequent beam instability are possible outcomes of a breakdown if too much gas is released from the cavity surface. Quantitative data of gas released by breakdowns are provided for copper (milled Cu-OFE, as-received and heat-treated), and molybdenum. These data are produced in a DC spark system based on a capacitance charged at fixed energy, and will serve as a reference for the vacuum design of the CLIC accelerating structures.

  14. Dc's blog | OpenEI Community

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTIONRobertsdale, Alabama (UtilityInstruments Inc JumpIowa:Minnesota:Daylighting JumpDc's blog Home >

  15. DC Survey 2013 | National Nuclear Security Administration

    National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of NaturalDukeWakefield Municipal Gas &SCE-SessionsSouthReport for the t-) S/,,5 'a CConversion |National Laser UserDC

  16. Washington DC | OpenEI Community

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIX ECoop IncIowa (Utility Company)Idaho)Vossloh Kiepe JumpWarana Group ofDC Home Linked

  17. Stability of dendritic arrays

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Warren, J.A. ); Langer, J.S. )

    1990-09-15

    We propose an approximate method for studying steady-state properties and linear stability of the dendritic arrays that are formed in directional solidification of alloys. Our analysis is valid at high growth rates where the primary spacing between dendrites is larger than the velocity-dependent solutal diffusion length. We compute a neutral stability boundary and find that, in the situations where we expect our results to be valid, the experimental data of Somboonsuk, Mason, and Trivedi (Metall. Trans. A 15A, 967 (1984)) lie in the stable region, well away from the boundary.

  18. Using Job Arrays

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity ofkandz-cm11 Outreach Home RoomPreservationBio-Inspired SolarAbout /Two0 - 19PortalStatusUserUserHomeUsing Job Arrays Using

  19. Electrode array for neural stimulation

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Wessendorf, Kurt O. (Albuquerque, NM); Okandan, Murat (Edgewood, NM); Stein, David J. (Albuquerque, NM); Yang, Pin (Albuquerque, NM); Cesarano, III, Joseph (Albuquerque, NM); Dellinger, Jennifer (Albuquerque, NM)

    2011-08-16

    An electrode array for neural stimulation is disclosed which has particular applications for use in a retinal prosthesis. The electrode array can be formed as a hermetically-sealed two-part ceramic package which includes an electronic circuit such as a demultiplexer circuit encapsulated therein. A relatively large number (up to 1000 or more) of individually-addressable electrodes are provided on a curved surface of a ceramic base portion the electrode array, while a much smaller number of electrical connections are provided on a ceramic lid of the electrode array. The base and lid can be attached using a metal-to-metal seal formed by laser brazing. Electrical connections to the electrode array can be provided by a flexible ribbon cable which can also be used to secure the electrode array in place.

  20. A Reachability-Based Method for Large-Signal Behavior Verification of DC-DC Converters

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Liberzon, Daniel

    -loop, large-signal system behavior verification, and iv) switching detail modeling. In open-loop, large´inguez-Garc´ia, Member, IEEE Abstract--A method for large-signal behavior verification of power electronics DC behavior verification, lengthy time-domain simula- tions are conducted to analyze the system response

  1. Nanoelectrode array for electrochemical analysis

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Yelton, William G. (Sandia Park, NM); Siegal, Michael P. (Albuquerque, NM)

    2009-12-01

    A nanoelectrode array comprises a plurality of nanoelectrodes wherein the geometric dimensions of the electrode controls the electrochemical response, and the current density is independent of time. By combining a massive array of nanoelectrodes in parallel, the current signal can be amplified while still retaining the beneficial geometric advantages of nanoelectrodes. Such nanoelectrode arrays can be used in a sensor system for rapid, non-contaminating field analysis. For example, an array of suitably functionalized nanoelectrodes can be incorporated into a small, integrated sensor system that can identify many species rapidly and simultaneously under field conditions in high-resistivity water, without the need for chemical addition to increase conductivity.

  2. Vehicle Technologies Office Merit Review 2014: DC Fast Charging...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Technologies Office Merit Review 2014: DC Fast Charging Effects on Battery Life and EVSE Efficiency and Security Testing Presentation given by Idaho National Laboratory at 2014...

  3. INL Efficiency and Security Testing of EVSE, DC Fast Chargers...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    INL Efficiency and Security Testing of EVSE, DC Fast Chargers, and Wireless Charging Systems May 14, 2013 Project ID VSS096 2013 DOE Vehicle Technologies Program Annual Merit...

  4. Washington DC Reliability Requirements and the Need to Operate...

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    DC Reliability Requirements and the Need to Operate Mirant's Potomac River Generation Station to Support Local Area Reliability (Oak Ridge National Laboratory 2005)...

  5. INL Efficiency and Security Testing of EVSE, DC Fast Chargers...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    Testing to support Code & Standards Vehicle Technologies Office Merit Review 2014: DC Fast Charging Effects on Battery Life and EVSE Efficiency and Security Testing Vehicle...

  6. DC Bus Capacitor Manufacturing Facility for Electric Drive Vehicles...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    0 DOE Vehicle Technologies and Hydrogen Programs Annual Merit Review and Peer Evaluation Meeting, June 7-11, 2010 -- Washington D.C. apearravt028boan2010...

  7. DESIGN AND PERFORMANCE OF PEP DC POWER SYSTEMS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jackson, T.

    2010-01-01

    DC supplies, with no switchgear interposed between the DCthe only transformers and switchgear in the system, and theycost of transformers and switchgear is eliminated from the

  8. Passive microfluidic array card and reader

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Dugan, Lawrence Christopher (Modesto, CA); Coleman, Matthew A. (Oakland, CA)

    2011-08-09

    A microfluidic array card and reader system for analyzing a sample. The microfluidic array card includes a sample loading section for loading the sample onto the microfluidic array card, a multiplicity of array windows, and a transport section or sections for transporting the sample from the sample loading section to the array windows. The microfluidic array card reader includes a housing, a receiving section for receiving the microfluidic array card, a viewing section, and a light source that directs light to the array window of the microfluidic array card and to the viewing section.

  9. Design and analysis of a zero-voltage switching scheme for a dc- to-dc converter 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Arun, G.

    1992-01-01

    DESIGN AND ANALYSIS OF A ZERO-VOLTAGE SSVITCHING SCFIE'. tIE FOR A DC-TO-DC CONVERTER A Thesis by G. ARUN Submitted to the Office of Graduate Studies of Texas ARM 1. niversity in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree... of MASTER OF SCIENCE December 1992 Major Subject: Electrical Engineering DESIGN AND ANALYSIS OE A ZERO-VOLTAGE SWITCHING SCHEME I'OR A DC-TO-DC CONVERTER A Thesis by G. AR(tN Approved as to style and content by: P. Enjeti (Chair of Cornrnitteel C...

  10. Light harvesting arrays

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Lindsey, Jonathan S. (Raleigh, NC)

    2002-01-01

    A light harvesting array useful for the manufacture of devices such as solar cells comprises: (a) a first substrate comprising a first electrode; and (b) a layer of light harvesting rods electrically coupled to the first electrode, each of the light harvesting rods comprising a polymer of Formula I: X.sup.1.paren open-st.X.sup.m+1).sub.m (I) wherein m is at least 1, and may be from two, three or four to 20 or more; X.sup.1 is a charge separation group (and preferably a porphyrinic macrocycle, which may be one ligand of a double-decker sandwich compound) having an excited-state of energy equal to or lower than that of X.sup.2, and X.sup.2 through X.sup.m+1 are chromophores (and again are preferably porphyrinic macrocycles).

  11. Chunking of Large Multidimensional Arrays

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Rotem, Doron; Otoo, Ekow J.; Seshadri, Sridhar

    2007-02-28

    Data intensive scientific computations as well on-lineanalytical processing applications as are done on very large datasetsthat are modeled as k-dimensional arrays. The storage organization ofsuch arrays on disks is done by partitioning the large global array intofixed size hyper-rectangular sub-arrays called chunks or tiles that formthe units of data transfer between disk and memory. Typical queriesinvolve the retrieval of sub-arrays in a manner that accesses all chunksthat overlap the query results. An important metric of the storageefficiency is the expected number of chunks retrieved over all suchqueries. The question that immediately arises is "what shapes of arraychunks give the minimum expected number of chunks over a query workload?"In this paper we develop two probabilistic mathematical models of theproblem and provide exact solutions using steepest descent and geometricprogramming methods. Experimental results, using synthetic workloads onreal life data sets, show that our chunking is much more efficient thanthe existing approximate solutions.

  12. High Voltage DC Transmission 1.0 Introduction

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    McCalley, James D.

    1 High Voltage DC Transmission 1.0 Introduction HVDC has been applied in electric power systems Supplier: ABB Railroa d DC Tie USA - Mission, TX 26°1001N9 8°1925W USA - Mission, TX 26°1001N9 8°1925W 21

  13. DC Optimal Power Flow: Uniqueness and Chee Wei Tan

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tan, Chee Wei

    the minimization of power transmission loss in DC-OPF and char- acterize the uniqueness of its solutions. This hasDC Optimal Power Flow: Uniqueness and Algorithms Chee Wei TanÝ , Desmond W. H. Cai£ and Xin LouÝ Ý and transmission loss in a power net- work subject to physical constraints governed by Kirchhoff's and Ohm's law [1

  14. A 3D Magnetic Force Manipulator DC Prototype

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    North Carolina at Chapel Hill, University of

    A 3D Magnetic Force Manipulator DC Prototype Leandra Vicci Microelectronic Systems Laboratory optical field intensities which interact strongly with many materials and may produce undesired side;Leandra Vicci A 3D Magnetic Force Manipulator DC Prototype 17 October 2001 1 Conceptual design

  15. Read-out electronics for DC squid magnetic measurements

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Ganther, Jr., Kenneth R. (Olathe, KS); Snapp, Lowell D. (Independence, MO)

    2002-01-01

    Read-out electronics for DC SQUID sensor systems, the read-out electronics incorporating low Johnson noise radio-frequency flux-locked loop circuitry and digital signal processing algorithms in order to improve upon the prior art by a factor of at least ten, thereby alleviating problems caused by magnetic interference when operating DC SQUID sensor systems in magnetically unshielded environments.

  16. Peter M. Vallone AAFS Washington, D.C.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Peter M. Vallone AAFS Washington, D.C. February 23, 2008 http://www.cstl.nist.gov/biotech available for the purpose. Our publications and presentations are made available at: http://www.cstl.nist.gov/biotech/strbase/NISTpub.htm #12;Peter M. Vallone AAFS Washington, D.C. February 23, 2008 http://www.cstl.nist.gov/biotech

  17. Tutorial, GECCO'05, Washington D.C. Fitness Approximation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yang, Shengxiang

    1 Tutorial, GECCO'05, Washington D.C. Fitness Approximation in Evolutionary Computation Yaochu Jin Honda Research Institute Europe Khaled Rasheed University of Georgia Tutorial, GECCO'05, Washington D expensive fitness evaluations Tutorial, GECCO'05, Washington D.C. Fitness Approximation Methods · Problem

  18. National Small Business Federal Contracting Summit-DC Fall Conference

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The 2014 National Small Business Federal Contracting Summit - DC Fall Conference is presented jointly by the National Association of Small Business Contractors (the Supplier Council of The American Small Business Chamber of Commerce) and the U.S. Women's Chamber of Commerce in Washington DC.

  19. Dynamic microscopic theory of fusion using DC-TDHF

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Umar, A. S.; Oberacker, V. E.; Keser, R.; Maruhn, J. A.; Reinhard, P.-G.

    2012-10-20

    The density-constrained time-dependent Hartree-Fock (DC-TDHF) theory is a fully microscopic approach for calculating heavy-ion interaction potentials and fusion cross sections below and above the fusion barrier. We discuss recent applications of DC-TDHF method to fusion of light and heavy systems.

  20. Historical Material Analysis of DC745U Pressure Pads

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ortiz-Acosta, Denisse [Los Alamos National Laboratory

    2012-07-30

    As part of the Enhance Surveillance mission, it is the goal to provide suitable lifetime assessment of stockpile materials. This report is an accumulation of historical publication on the DC745U material and their findings. It is the intention that the B61 LEP program uses this collection of data to further develop their understanding and potential areas of study. DC745U is a commercially available silicone elastomer consisting of dimethyl, methyl-phenyl, and methyl-vinyl siloxane repeat units. Originally, this material was manufactured by Dow Corning as Silastic{reg_sign} DC745U at their manufacturing facility in Kendallville, IN. Recently, Dow Corning shifted this material to the Xiameter{reg_sign} brand product line. Currently, DC745U is available through Xiameter{reg_sign} or Dow Corning's distributor R. D. Abbott Company. DC745U is cured using 0.5 wt% vinyl-specific peroxide curing agent known as Luperox 101 or Varox DBPH-50. This silicone elastomer is used in numerous parts, including two major components (outer pressure pads and aft cap support) in the W80 and as pressure pads on the B61. DC745U is a proprietary formulation, thus Dow Corning provides limited information on its composition and properties. Based on past experience with Dow Corning, DC745U is at risk of formulation changes without notification to the costumer. A formulation change for DC745U may have a significant impact because the network structure is a key variable in determining material properties. The purpose of this report is to provide an overview of historical DC745U studies and identify gaps that need to be addressed in future work. Some of the previous studies include the following: 1. Spectroscopic characterization of raw gum stock. 2. Spectroscopic, thermal, and mechanical studies on cured DC745U. 3. Nuclear Magnetic Resonance (NMR) and solvent swelling studies on DC745U with different crosslink densities. 4. NMR, solvent swelling, thermal, and mechanical studies on thermally aged DC745U. 5. NMR, solvent swelling, thermal, and mechanical studies on radiolytically aged DC745U. Each area is reviewed and further work is suggested to improve our understanding of DC745U for systems engineering, surveillance, aging assessments, and lifetime assessment.

  1. 1668 IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON POWER ELECTRONICS, VOL. 27, NO. 4, APRIL 2012 55-kW Variable 3X DC-DC Converter for Plug-in

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tolbert, Leon M.

    vehicle (HEV) traction drives. The boost converter used in commercial HEVs meets with obstacles when is shown in Fig. 1. In this system, the dc-dc converter boosts the battery voltage from 244 V to three op series-parallel HEV. speed and power demand of the vehicle. In this traditional dc- dc boost converter

  2. New leading/trailing edge modulation strategies for two-stage AC/DC PFC adapters to reduce DC-link capacitor ripple current 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sun, Jing

    2007-09-17

    PFC stage and trailing edge modulation for the second DC/DC converter stage can significantly reduce the ripple current and ripple voltage of the DC-link capacitor. Thus, a smaller DC-link capacitance can be used, lowering the cost and size of the AC...

  3. Diastolic arrays : throughput-driven reconfigurable computing

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cho, Myong Hyon, Ph. D. Massachusetts Institute of Technology

    2008-01-01

    In this thesis, we propose a new reconfigurable computer substrate: diastolic arrays. Diastolic arrays are arrays of processing elements that communicate exclusively through First-In First-Out (FIFO) queues, and provide ...

  4. Replica amplification of nucleic acid arrays

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Church, George M. (Brookline, MA); Mitra, Robi D. (Chestnut Hill, MA)

    2010-08-31

    Disclosed are improved methods of making and using immobilized arrays of nucleic acids, particularly methods for producing replicas of such arrays. Included are methods for producing high density arrays of nucleic acids and replicas of such arrays, as well as methods for preserving the resolution of arrays through rounds of replication. Also included are methods which take advantage of the availability of replicas of arrays for increased sensitivity in detection of sequences on arrays. Improved methods of sequencing nucleic acids immobilized on arrays utilizing single copies of arrays and methods taking further advantage of the availability of replicas of arrays are disclosed. The improvements lead to higher fidelity and longer read lengths of sequences immobilized on arrays. Methods are also disclosed which improve the efficiency of multiplex PCR using arrays of immobilized nucleic acids.

  5. Development of a Novel Bi-Directional Isolated Multiple-Input DC-DC Converter

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Li, H.

    2005-10-24

    There is vital need for a compact, lightweight, and efficient energy-storage system that is both affordable and has an acceptable cycle life for the large-scale production of electric vehicles (EVs) and hybrid electric vehicles (HEVs). Most of the current research employs a battery-storage unit (BU) combined with a fuel cell (FC) stack in order to achieve the operating voltage-current point of maximum efficiency for the FC system. A system block diagram is shown in Fig.1.1. In such a conventional arrangement, the battery is sized to deliver the difference between the energy required by the traction drive and the energy supplied by the FC system. Energy requirements can increase depending on the drive cycle over which the vehicle is expected to operate. Peak-power transients result in an increase of losses and elevated temperatures which result in a decrease in the lifetime of the battery. This research will propose a novel two-input direct current (dc) dc to dc converter to interface an additional energy-storage element, an ultracapacitor (UC), which is shown in Fig.1.2. It will assist the battery during transients to reduce the peak-power requirements of the battery.

  6. Abstract--A design method for digital controller of PWM DC-DC converters was developed, tested by simulations and

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    domain transformation and discretization. A digital PID controller for a Buck type converter domain and the sampled data domain (via the various transformation algorithms), a digital compensatorAbstract-- A design method for digital controller of PWM DC-DC converters was developed, tested

  7. Phase-Shifted Full Bridge DC-DC Converter with Energy Recovery Clamp and Reduced Circulating Current

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Phase-Shifted Full Bridge DC-DC Converter with Energy Recovery Clamp and Reduced Circulating@aei.com Abstract - This paper introduces a full bridge converter with reduced circulating current and a reduction bridge converter operating at 32 kHz switching frequency. Losses and efficiency of the experimental

  8. Optimizing Energy Savings from Direct-DC in U.S. Residential Buildings

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Garbesi, Karina

    2012-01-01

    AC vs. DC distribution: A loss comparison. Transmission andof a DC microgrid for residential houses. In Transmission &DC mainly because it enabled central generation and efficient long-distance power transmission.

  9. Application to Export Electric Energy OE Docket No. EA-351 DC...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    1 DC Energy Dakota, LLC Application to Export Electric Energy OE Docket No. EA-351 DC Energy Dakota, LLC Application from DC Energy Dakota, LLC to export electric energy to Canada...

  10. We Have a Winner - DC High School Regional Science Bowl Competition...

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    We Have a Winner - DC High School Regional Science Bowl Competition Held Last Saturday We Have a Winner - DC High School Regional Science Bowl Competition Held Last Saturday...

  11. CMOS-Based Biosensor Arrays

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Thewes, R; Schienle, M; Hofmann, F; Frey, A; Brederlow, R; Augustyniak, M; Jenkner, M; Eversmann, B; Schindler-Bauer, P; Atzesberger, M; Holzapfl, B; Beer, G; Haneder, T; Hanke, H -C

    2011-01-01

    CMOS-based sensor array chips provide new and attractive features as compared to today's standard tools for medical, diagnostic, and biotechnical applications. Examples for molecule- and cell-based approaches and related circuit design issues are discussed.

  12. The Murchison Widefield Array Correlator

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ord, S M; Emrich, D; Pallot, D; Wayth, R B; Clark, M A; Tremblay, S E; Arcus, W; Barnes, D; Bell, M; Bernardi, G; Bhat, N D R; Bowman, J D; Briggs, F; Bunton, J D; Cappallo, R J; Corey, B E; Deshpande, A A; deSouza, L; Ewell-Wice, A; Feng, L; Goeke, R; Greenhill, L J; Hazelton, B J; Herne, D; Hewitt, J N; Hindson, L; Hurley-Walker, H; Jacobs, D; Johnston-Hollitt, M; Kaplan, D L; Kasper, J C; Kincaid, B B; Koenig, R; Kratzenberg, E; Kudryavtseva, N; Lenc, E; Lonsdale, C J; Lynch, M J; McKinley, B; McWhirter, S R; Mitchell, D A; Morales, M F; Morgan, E; Oberoi, D; Offringa, A; Pathikulangara, J; Pindor, B; Prabu, T; Procopio, P; Remillard, R A; Riding, J; Rogers, A E E; Roshi, A; Salah, J E; Sault, R J; Shankar, N Udaya; Srivani, K S; Stevens, J; Subrahmanyan, R; Tingay, S J; Waterson, M; Webster, R L; Whitney, A R; Williams, A; Williams, C L; Wyithe, J S B

    2015-01-01

    The Murchison Widefield Array (MWA) is a Square Kilometre Array (SKA) Precursor. The telescope is located at the Murchison Radio--astronomy Observatory (MRO) in Western Australia (WA). The MWA consists of 4096 dipoles arranged into 128 dual polarisation aperture arrays forming a connected element interferometer that cross-correlates signals from all 256 inputs. A hybrid approach to the correlation task is employed, with some processing stages being performed by bespoke hardware, based on Field Programmable Gate Arrays (FPGAs), and others by Graphics Processing Units (GPUs) housed in general purpose rack mounted servers. The correlation capability required is approximately 8 TFLOPS (Tera FLoating point Operations Per Second). The MWA has commenced operations and the correlator is generating 8.3 TB/day of correlation products, that are subsequently transferred 700 km from the MRO to Perth (WA) in real-time for storage and offline processing. In this paper we outline the correlator design, signal path, and proce...

  13. Applications of Circular Array Sensors

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Trawick, Charles D.

    The application of the Reticon RO-64 annular photo-diode array to the task of optical tracking of special targets, direct optical focusing, and automatic printed circuit board inspection were studied. In order to facilitate ...

  14. Microfluidics Using Spatially Defined Arrays

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ismagilov, Rustem F.

    Microfluidics Using Spatially Defined Arrays of Droplets in One, Two, and Three Dimensions Rebecca: MICROFLUIDIC COMPARTMENTALIZATION This review describes the microfluidic generation and manipulation of excellent reviews on formation, manipulation, and applications of droplets (1­8). Microfluidics

  15. Implementing the DC Mode in Cosmological Simulations with Supercomoving Variables

    DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

    Gnedin, Nickolay Y; Kravtsov, Andrey V; Rudd, Douglas H

    2011-06-02

    As emphasized by previous studies, proper treatment of the density fluctuation on the fundamental scale of a cosmological simulation volume - the 'DC mode' - is critical for accurate modeling of spatial correlations on scales ~> 10% of simulation box size. We provide further illustration of the effects of the DC mode on the abundance of halos in small boxes and show that it is straightforward to incorporate this mode in cosmological codes that use the 'supercomoving' variables. The equations governing evolution of dark matter and baryons recast with these variables are particularly simple and include the expansion factor, andmore »hence the effect of the DC mode, explicitly only in the Poisson equation.« less

  16. Thermoelectric DC conductivities and Stokes flows on black hole horizons

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Elliot Banks; Aristomenis Donos; Jerome P. Gauntlett

    2015-07-15

    We consider a general class of electrically charged black holes of Einstein-Maxwell-scalar theory that are holographically dual to conformal field theories at finite charge density which break translation invariance explicitly. We examine the linearised perturbations about the solutions that are associated with the thermoelectric DC conductivity. We show that there is a decoupled sector at the black hole horizon which must solve generalised Stokes equations for a charged fluid. By solving these equations we can obtain the DC conductivity of the dual field theory. For one-dimensional lattices we solve the fluid equations to obtain closed form expressions for the DC conductivity in terms of the solution at the black hole horizon. We also determine the leading order DC conductivity for lattices that can be expanded as a perturbative series about translationally invariant solutions.

  17. Radiofrequency amplifier based on a dc superconducting quantum interference device

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Hilbert, C.; Martinis, J.M.; Clarke, J.

    1984-04-27

    A low noise radiofrequency amplifer, using a dc SQUID (superconducting quantum interference device) as the input amplifying element. The dc SQUID and an input coil are maintained at superconductivity temperatures in a superconducting shield, with the input coil inductively coupled to the superconducting ring of the dc SQUID. A radiofrequency signal from outside the shield is applied to the input coil, and an amplified radiofrequency signal is developed across the dc SQUID ring and transmitted to exteriorly of the shield. A power gain of 19.5 +- 0.5 dB has been achieved with a noise temperature of 1.0 +- 0.4 K at a frequency of 100 MHz.

  18. National Science Bowl Brings Best and Brightest to DC

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The National Science Bowl Finals in Washington D.C. April 27 to 30 pit 113 high and middle school teams against one another answering questions Jeopardy-style about biology, chemistry, earth science, physics, astronomy, and math.

  19. Thermoelectric DC conductivities and Stokes flows on black hole horizons

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Banks, Elliot; Gauntlett, Jerome P

    2015-01-01

    We consider a general class of electrically charged black holes of Einstein-Maxwell-scalar theory that are holographically dual to conformal field theories at finite charge density which break translation invariance explicitly. We examine the linearised perturbations about the solutions that are associated with the thermoelectric DC conductivity. We show that there is a decoupled sector at the black hole horizon which must solve generalised Stokes equations for a charged fluid. By solving these equations we can obtain the DC conductivity of the dual field theory. For one-dimensional lattices we solve the fluid equations to obtain closed form expressions for the DC conductivity in terms of the solution at the black hole horizon. We also determine the leading order DC conductivity for lattices that can be expanded as a perturbative series about translationally invariant solutions.

  20. Thermoelectric DC conductivities with momentum dissipation from higher derivative gravity

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Long Cheng; Xian-Hui Ge; Zu-Yao Sun

    2015-04-28

    We present a mechanism of momentum relaxation in higher derivative gravity by adding linear scalar fields to the Gauss-Bonnet theory. We analytically computed all of the DC thermoelectric conductivities in this theory by adopting the method given by Donos and Gauntlett in [arXiv:1406.4742]. The results show that the DC electric conductivity is not a monotonic function of the effective impurity parameter $\\beta$: in the small $\\beta$ limit, the DC conductivity is dominated by the coherent phase, while for larger $\\beta$, pair creation contribution to the conductivity becomes dominant, signaling an incoherent phase. In addition, the DC heat conductivity is found independent of the Gauss-Bonnet coupling constant.

  1. Thermoelectric DC conductivities and Stokes flows on black hole horizons

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Elliot Banks; Aristomenis Donos; Jerome P. Gauntlett

    2015-10-11

    We consider a general class of electrically charged black holes of Einstein-Maxwell-scalar theory that are holographically dual to conformal field theories at finite charge density which break translation invariance explicitly. We examine the linearised perturbations about the solutions that are associated with the thermoelectric DC conductivity. We show that there is a decoupled sector at the black hole horizon which must solve generalised Stokes equations for a charged fluid. By solving these equations we can obtain the DC conductivity of the dual field theory. For Q-lattices and one-dimensional lattices we solve the fluid equations to obtain closed form expressions for the DC conductivity in terms of the solution at the black hole horizon. We also determine the leading order DC conductivity for lattices that can be expanded as a perturbative series about translationally invariant solutions.

  2. A Multiphase, Modular, Bidirectional, Triple-Voltage DC-DC Converter Power Systems

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Su, Gui-Jia [ORNL; Tang, Lixin [ORNL

    2008-01-01

    Electrical power systems in future hybrid and fuel cell vehicles may employ three voltage [14 V, 42 V, and high voltage (HV)] nets. These will be necessary to accommodate existing 14-V loads as well as efficiently handle new heavy loads at the 42-V net and a traction drive on the HV bus. A low-cost DC-DC converter was proposed for connecting the three voltage nets. It minimizes the number of switches and their associated gate driver components by using two half-bridges and a high-frequency transformer. Another salient feature is that the half bridge on the 42-V bus is also utilized to provide the 14-V bus by operating at duty ratios around an atypical value of 1/3. Moreover, it makes use of the parasitic capacitance of the switches and the transformer leakage inductance for soft switching. The use of half bridges makes the topology well suited for interleaved multiphase modular configurations as a means to increase the power level because the capacitor legs can be shared. This paper presents simulation and experimental results on an interleaved two-phase arrangement rated at 4.5 kW. Also discussed are the benefits of operating with an atypical duty ratio on the transformer and a preferred multiphase configuration to minimize capacitor ripple currents.

  3. Evaporation of multicomponent drop arrays

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Annamalai, K.; Ryan, W.; Chandra, S. (Texas A M Univ., College Station, TX (United States))

    1993-08-01

    The present paper deals with the evaporation of multicomponent fuel droplets in an array using the recently developed point source method (PSM). First, the quasisteady (QS) evaporation of an isolated, multicomponent droplet is briefly analyzed. The resultant governing equations, along with Raoult's law and the Cox-Antoine relation, constitute the set of equations needed to arrive at the solutions for: (1) the droplet surface temperature, (2) the evaporation rate of each species, and (3) the vapor mass fraction of each species at the droplet surface. The PSM, which treats the droplet as a point mass source and heat sink, is then adopted to obtain an analytic expression for the evaporation rate of a multicomponent droplet in an array of liquid droplets. Defining the correction factor ([eta]) as a ratio of the evaporation of a drop in an array to the evaporation rate of a similar isolated multicomponent drop, an expression for the correction factor is obtained. The results of the point source method (PSM) are then compared with those obtained elsewhere for a three-drop array that uses the method of images (MOI). Excellent agreement is obtained. The treatment is then extended to a binary drop array to study the effect of interdrop spacing on vaporization. 20 refs., 11 figs., 4 tabs.

  4. Aalborg Universitet Power flow analysis for droop controlled LV hybrid AC-DC microgrids with virtual

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Vasquez, Juan Carlos

    Aalborg Universitet Power flow analysis for droop controlled LV hybrid AC-DC microgrids controlled LV hybrid AC-DC microgrids with virtual impedance. In Proceedings of the IEEE Power & Energy Interlinking converter PV WT IBS DC microgrid DC microgrid AC microgrid AC Load Figure 1. Structure

  5. Switching power converter Figure 1(a): Switching DC-DC converter with analog voltage-mode control

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    + ­ RC L Vg 1 2 i + v _ Vref + _ Gc(s) VM = 1 PWM u c Switching power converter H v dTs H = 1 design of digital compensators. I. INTRODUCTION Discrete-time modeling of dc-dc switching converters has IEEE. #12;+ ­ R C L Vg 1 2 i + v _ Vref + _ Gc(z) VM = 1 DPWM u c Switching power converter H v dTs H

  6. A High Efficiency DC-DC Converter Topology Suitable for Distributed Large Commercial and Utility Scale PV Systems

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Mohammed S. Agamy; Maja Harfman-Todorovic; Ahmed Elasser; Robert L. Steigerwald; Juan A. Sabate; Song Chi; Adam J. McCann; Li Zhang; Frank Mueller

    2012-09-01

    In this paper a DC-DC power converter for distributed photovoltaic plant architectures is presented. The proposed converter has the advantages of simplicity, high efficiency, and low cost. High efficiency is achieved by having a portion of the input PV power directly fed forward to the output without being processed by the converter. The operation of this converter also allows for a simplified maximum power point tracker design using fewer measurements

  7. Redundant Arrays of IDE Drives

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    D. A. Sanders; L. M. Cremaldi; V. Eschenburg; C. N. Lawrence; C. Riley; D. J. Summers; D. L. Petravick

    2002-12-05

    The next generation of high-energy physics experiments is expected to gather prodigious amounts of data. New methods must be developed to handle this data and make analysis at universities possible. We examine some techniques that use recent developments in commodity hardware. We test redundant arrays of integrated drive electronics (IDE) disk drives for use in offline high-energy physics data analysis. IDE redundant array of inexpensive disks (RAID) prices now equal the cost per terabyte of million-dollar tape robots! The arrays can be scaled to sizes affordable to institutions without robots and used when fast random access at low cost is important. We also explore three methods of moving data between sites; internet transfers, hot pluggable IDE disks in FireWire cases, and writable digital video disks (DVD-R).

  8. A 1-V series-array Josephson voltage standard operated at 35 GHz

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Mueller, F.; Koehler, H.; Weber, P.; Bluethner, K.; Meyer, H. )

    1990-11-01

    Josephson voltage standards utilize microwave-induced constant voltage steps in the dc characteristic of Josephson tunnel junctions. This paper describes the design and operation of array circuits with 108 and 2000 junctions connected in series. In contrast with similar realizations, simple {ital Q}-band equipment is used for the microwave supply. The microwave attenuation of 1000 junctions was about 1 dB. The version with 2000 junctions generated Josephson voltages up to 1.2 V when operated at 35 GHz. The stability times of the quantized levels were, under normal laboratory conditions (unshielded room), better than 10 min.

  9. Photoelectrochemistry of Semiconductor Nanowire Arrays

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Mallouk, Thomas E; Redwing, Joan M

    2009-11-10

    This project supported research on the growth and photoelectrochemical characterization of semiconductor nanowire arrays, and on the development of catalytic materials for visible light water splitting to produce hydrogen and oxygen. Silicon nanowires were grown in the pores of anodic aluminum oxide films by the vapor-liquid-solid technique and were characterized electrochemically. Because adventitious doping from the membrane led to high dark currents, silicon nanowire arrays were then grown on silicon substrates. The dependence of the dark current and photovoltage on preparation techniques, wire diameter, and defect density was studied for both p-silicon and p-indium phosphide nanowire arrays. The open circuit photovoltage of liquid junction cells increased with increasing wire diameter, reaching 350 mV for micron-diameter silicon wires. Liquid junction and radial p-n junction solar cells were fabricated from silicon nano- and microwire arrays and tested. Iridium oxide cluster catalysts stabilized by bidentate malonate and succinate ligands were also made and studied for the water oxidation reaction. Highlights of this project included the first papers on silicon and indium phosphide nanowire solar cells, and a new procedure for making ligand-stabilized water oxidation catalysts that can be covalently linked to molecular photosensitizers or electrode surfaces.

  10. Thermoacoustics in pin-array stacks

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Swift, G.W. ); Keolian, R.M. )

    1993-08-01

    A new thermoacoustic stack geometry, the pin array, is described. Analytical expressions for velocity and temperature in the pin array are derived, and potential advantages of the pin stack are demonstrated. 11 refs., 4 figs.

  11. Acoustic vector-sensor array processing

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kitchens, Jonathan Paul

    2010-01-01

    Existing theory yields useful performance criteria and processing techniques for acoustic pressure-sensor arrays. Acoustic vector-sensor arrays, which measure particle velocity and pressure, offer significant potential but ...

  12. Climate Theme Global Tropical Moored Buoy Array

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Climate Theme Global Tropical Moored Buoy Array: Observing, Understanding Observing System for Climate #12;Performance 4 Global Tropical Moored Buoy Array: A coordinated multi-national effort to develop and sustain moored buoy observing systems for climate research

  13. Materials with low DC magnetic susceptibility for sensitive magnetic measurements

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Khatiwada, Rakshya; Kendrick, Rachel; Khosravi, Marjan; Peters, Michael; Smith, Erick; Snow, Mike

    2015-01-01

    Materials with very low DC magnetic susceptibility have many scientific applications. To our knowledge however, relatively little research has been conducted with the goal to produce a totally nonmagnetic material. This phrase in our case means after spatially averaging over macroscopic volumes, it possesses an average zero DC magnetic susceptibility. We report measurements of the DC magnetic susceptibility of three different types of nonmagnetic materials at room temperature: (I) solutions of paramagnetic salts and diamagnetic liquids, (II) liquid gallium-indium alloys and (III) pressed powder mixtures of tungsten and bismuth. The lowest measured magnetic susceptibility among these candidate materials is in the order of 10^-9 cgs volume susceptibility units, about two orders of magnitude smaller than distilled water. In all cases, the measured concentration dependence of the magnetic susceptibility is consistent with that expected for the weighted sum of the susceptibilities of the separate components within...

  14. Method to fabricate hollow microneedle arrays

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Kravitz, Stanley H. (Placitas, NM); Ingersoll, David (Albuquerque, NM); Schmidt, Carrie (Los Lunas, NM); Flemming, Jeb (Albuquerque, NM)

    2006-11-07

    An inexpensive and rapid method for fabricating arrays of hollow microneedles uses a photoetchable glass. Furthermore, the glass hollow microneedle array can be used to form a negative mold for replicating microneedles in biocompatible polymers or metals. These microneedle arrays can be used to extract fluids from plants or animals. Glucose transport through these hollow microneedles arrays has been found to be orders of magnitude more rapid than natural diffusion.

  15. Nuclear magnetic resonance experiments with dc SQUID amplifiers

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Heaney, M.B. . Dept. of Physics Lawrence Berkeley Lab., CA )

    1990-11-01

    The development and fabrication of dc SQUIDs (Superconducting QUantum Interference Devices) with Nb/Al{sub 2}O{sub 3}/Nb Josephson junctions is described. A theory of the dc SQUID as a radio-frequency amplifier is presented, with an optimization strategy that accounts for the loading and noise contributions of the postamplifier and maximizes the signal-to-noise ratio of the total system. The high sensitivity of the dc SQUID is extended to high field NMR. A dc SQUID is used as a tuned radio-frequency amplifier to detect pulsed nuclear magnetic resonance at 32 MHz from a metal film in a 3.5 Tesla static field. A total system noise temperature of 11 K has been achieved, at a bath temperature of 4.2 K. The minimum number of nuclear Bohr magnetons observable from a free precession signal after a single pulse is about 2 {times} 10{sup 17} in a bandwidth of 25 kHz. In a separate experiment, a dc SQUID is used as a rf amplifier in a NQR experiment to observe a new resonance response mechanism. The net electric polarization of a NaClO{sub 3} crystal due to the precessing electric quadrupole moments of the Cl nuclei is detected at 30 MHz. The sensitivity of NMR and NQR spectrometers using dc SQUID amplifiers is compared to the sensitivity of spectrometers using conventional rf amplifiers. A SQUID-based spectrometer has a voltage sensitivity which is comparable to the best achieved by a FET-based spectrometer, at these temperatures and operating frequencies.

  16. Electromagnetic Formation Flight of Satellite Arrays

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Electromagnetic Formation Flight of Satellite Arrays Daniel W. Kwon and David W. Miller February 2005 SSL # 2-05 #12;#12;Electromagnetic Formation Flight of Satellite Arrays By DANIEL W. KWON S;#12;Electromagnetic Formation Flight of Satellite Arrays by DANIEL W. KWON Submitted to the Department of Aeronautics

  17. ROBOTIC DEVICE FOR CLEANING PHOTOVOLTAIC PANEL ARRAYS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mavroidis, Constantinos

    1 ROBOTIC DEVICE FOR CLEANING PHOTOVOLTAIC PANEL ARRAYS MARK ANDERSON, ASHTON GRANDY, JEREMY HASTIE. The main method for harnessing solar power is with arrays made up of photovoltaic (PV) panels. Accumulation-based cleaning methods for photovoltaic arrays are costly in time, water and energy usage and lack automation

  18. Arrays of stacked metal coordination compounds

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Bulkowski, J.E.

    1986-10-21

    A process is disclosed for preparing novel arrays of metal coordination compounds characterized by arrangement of the metal ions, separated by a linking agent, in stacked order one above the other. The process permits great flexibility in the design of the array. For example, layers of different composition can be added to the array at will. 3 figs.

  19. Introduction to Software Design Chapter 6: Arrays

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Inkpen, Diana

    Grades = {`A', `B', `C', `D', `E', `F'}; 14 Initializer lists: Extract from Primes.java (pp.330) ... int, and the array itself must be instantiated 5 Examples of Using Arrays scores[2] = 89; int first = 5; scores objects, etc. The scores array could be declared as follows int[] scores = new int[10]; #12;7 Declaring

  20. Graphite electrode DC arc furnace. Innovative technology summary report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    1999-05-01

    The Graphite Electrode DC Arc Furnace (DC Arc) is a high-temperature thermal process, which has been adapted from a commercial technology, for the treatment of mixed waste. A DC Arc Furnace heats waste to a temperature such that the waste is converted into a molten form that cools into a stable glassy and/or crystalline waste form. Hazardous organics are destroyed through combustion or pyrolysis during the process and the majority of the hazardous metals and radioactive components are incorporated in the molten phase. The DC Arc Furnace chamber temperature is approximately 593--704 C and melt temperatures are as high as 1,500 C. The DC Arc system has an air pollution control system (APCS) to remove particulate and volatiles from the offgas. The advantage of the DC Arc is that it is a single, high-temperature thermal process that minimizes the need for multiple treatment systems and for extensive sorting/segregating of large volumes of waste. The DC Arc has the potential to treat a wide range of wastes, minimize the need for sorting, reduce the final waste volumes, produce a leach resistant waste form, and destroy organic contaminants. Although the DC arc plasma furnace exhibits great promise for treating the types of mixed waste that are commonly present at many DOE sites, several data and technology deficiencies were identified by the Mixed Waste Focus Area (MWFA) regarding this thermal waste processing technique. The technology deficiencies that have been addressed by the current studies include: establishing the partitioning behavior of radionuclides, surrogates, and hazardous metals among the product streams (metal, slag, and offgas) as a function of operating parameters, including melt temperature, plenum atmosphere, organic loading, chloride concentration, and particle size; demonstrating the efficacy of waste product removal systems for slag and metal phases; determining component durability through test runs of extended duration, evaluating the effect of feed composition variations on process operating conditions and slag product performance; and collecting mass balance and operating data to support equipment and instrument design.

  1. Inductorless DC-AC Cascaded H-bridge Multilevel Boost Inverter for Electric/Hybrid Electric Vehicle

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tolbert, Leon M.

    - DC boost converter to boost the battery voltage for a traditional 3-phase inverter. The present HEV continuous power rating. Currently available power inverter systems for HEVs use a DC-DC boost converter power, the DC-DC boost converter is not needed and the battery voltage will be directly applied

  2. Characterization of the PvdS-regulated promoter motif in Pseudomonas syringae pv. tomato DC3000 reveals

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Myers, Chris

    Characterization of the PvdS-regulated promoter motif in Pseudomonas syringae pv. tomato DC3000S, a group IV sigma factor encoded by Pseudomonas syringae pv. tomato DC3000 (DC3000), a plant pathogen, 2002; Potvin et al., 2008). The model plant pathogen Pseudomonas syringae pv. tomato DC3000 (DC3000

  3. High voltage dc--dc converter with dynamic voltage regulation and decoupling during load-generated arcs

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Shimer, D.W.; Lange, A.C.

    1995-05-23

    A high-power power supply produces a controllable, constant high voltage output under varying and arcing loads. The power supply includes a voltage regulator, an inductor, an inverter for producing a high frequency square wave current of alternating polarity, an improved inverter voltage clamping circuit, a step up transformer, an output rectifier for producing a dc voltage at the output of each module, and a current sensor for sensing output current. The power supply also provides dynamic response to varying loads by controlling the voltage regulator duty cycle and circuitry is provided for sensing incipient arc currents at the output of the power supply to simultaneously decouple the power supply circuitry from the arcing load. The power supply includes a plurality of discrete switching type dc--dc converter modules. 5 Figs.

  4. High voltage dc-dc converter with dynamic voltage regulation and decoupling during load-generated arcs

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Shimer, Daniel W. (Danville, CA); Lange, Arnold C. (Livermore, CA)

    1995-01-01

    A high-power power supply produces a controllable, constant high voltage output under varying and arcing loads. The power supply includes a voltage regulator, an inductor, an inverter for producing a high frequency square wave current of alternating polarity, an improved inverter voltage clamping circuit, a step up transformer, an output rectifier for producing a dc voltage at the output of each module, and a current sensor for sensing output current. The power supply also provides dynamic response to varying loads by controlling the voltage regulator duty cycle and circuitry is provided for sensing incipient arc currents at the output of the power supply to simultaneously decouple the power supply circuitry from the arcing load. The power supply includes a plurality of discrete switching type dc--dc converter modules.

  5. Measured Aperture-Array Noise Temperature of the Mark II Phased Array Feed for ASKAP

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chippendale, A P; Beresford, R J; Hampson, G A; Shaw, R D; Hayman, D B; Macleod, A; Forsyth, A R; Hay, S G; Leach, M; Cantrall, C; Brothers, M L; Hotan, A W

    2015-01-01

    We have measured the aperture-array noise temperature of the first Mk. II phased array feed that CSIRO has built for the Australian Square Kilometre Array Pathfinder telescope. As an aperture array, the Mk. II phased array feed achieves a beam equivalent noise temperature less than 40 K from 0.78 GHz to 1.7 GHz and less than 50 K from 0.7 GHz to 1.8 GHz for a boresight beam directed at the zenith. We believe these are the lowest reported noise temperatures over these frequency ranges for ambient-temperature phased arrays. The measured noise temperature includes receiver electronics noise, ohmic losses in the array, and stray radiation from sidelobes illuminating the sky and ground away from the desired field of view. This phased array feed was designed for the Australian Square Kilometre Array Pathfinder to demonstrate fast astronomical surveys with a wide field of view for the Square Kilometre Array.

  6. Recent Results from Telescope Array

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fukushima, M

    2015-01-01

    The Telescope Array (TA) is an experiment to observe Ultra-High Energy Cosmic Rays (UHECRs). TA's recent results, the energy spectrum and anisotropy based on the 6-year surface array data, and the primary composition obtained from the shower maximum Xmax are reported. The spectrum demonstrates a clear dip and cutoff. The shape of the spectrum is well described by the energy loss of extra-galactic protons interacting with the cosmic microwave background (CMB). Above the cutoff, a medium-scale (20 degrees radius) flux enhancement was observed near the Ursa-Major. A chance probability of creating this hotspot from the isotropic flux is 4.0 sigma. The measured Xmax is consistent with the primary being proton or light nuclei for energies 10^18.2 eV - 10^19.2 eV.

  7. High voltage load resistor array

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Lehmann, Monty Ray (Smithfield, VA)

    2005-01-18

    A high voltage resistor comprising an array of a plurality of parallel electrically connected resistor elements each containing a resistive solution, attached at each end thereof to an end plate, and about the circumference of each of the end plates, a corona reduction ring. Each of the resistor elements comprises an insulating tube having an electrode inserted into each end thereof and held in position by one or more hose clamps about the outer periphery of the insulating tube. According to a preferred embodiment, the electrode is fabricated from stainless steel and has a mushroom shape at one end, that inserted into the tube, and a flat end for engagement with the end plates that provides connection of the resistor array and with a load.

  8. D.C. Water Resource Research Center Annual Technical Report

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    strengthening a credible program. Proposals submitted to USGS for the 2002 fiscal year was approved and funding to the success of the Institute. Hence, the goals of 2002 fiscal year will continue to fiscal 2003 while DC water resources information has been significantly delayed because UDC website, which hosts WRRI

  9. DC WRRC Report No. 59 DEVELOPMENT OF FREQUENCY

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    District of Columbia, University of the

    #12;DC WRRC Report No. 59 DEVELOPMENT OF FREQUENCY FUNCTIONS FOR URBAN NON-POINT SOURCE RISK THE CATHOLIC UNIVERSITY OF AMERICA "This work on which this report is based was supported in part by funds guidance during the entire course of the work. Ms. Cathy Saunders served as research assistant

  10. DC WRRC Report No. 139 BOOK OF ABSTRACTS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    District of Columbia, University of the

    Washington, DC 20008 , (202) 274- 6400 #12;Table of Contents Preface i I. Social Sciences 1 II. Ground Water THE FEDERAL WATER POLLUTION CONTROL ACT AMENDMENTS OF 1972 Lieber, H. WRRC Report No. 17 DESCRWWRS: Management 208 of the Clean Water Act was examined. The accomplishments and failures of the 208 plans were

  11. Natural Gas Pipeline Leaks Across Washington, DC Robert B. Jackson,,,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jackson, Robert B.

    Natural Gas Pipeline Leaks Across Washington, DC Robert B. Jackson,,, * Adrian Down, Nathan G increased in recent decades, but incidents involving natural gas pipelines still cause an average of 17 fatalities and $133 M in property damage annually. Natural gas leaks are also the largest anthropogenic

  12. Winter Break Trip 2014 New York City & Washington DC

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hutcheon, James M.

    Winter Break Trip 2014 New York City & Washington DC Tentative Trip Information December 13/Meadowlands 575 Park Plaza Drive Secaucus, NJ 07094 (201) 422-9480 Hotel is located 3 miles west of New York City for departure at 5pm. · Public Transportation to and from the city o Bus stop is at NW E ST & NW New Jersey Ave

  13. HYBRID DC ACCURATE CHARGE AMPLIFIER FOR LINEAR PIEZOELECTRIC POSITIONING

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fleming, Andrew J.

    the diverse literature in- volving piezoelectric applications is the problem of hysteresis (Adriaens et alHYBRID DC ACCURATE CHARGE AMPLIFIER FOR LINEAR PIEZOELECTRIC POSITIONING Andrew J. Fleming, S. O, Australia 2308 Abstract: Piezoelectric transducers are known to exhibit less hysterisis when driven

  14. DC WRRC Report No. 170 Program ReportAnnual

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    District of Columbia, University of the

    the people living in the north east of Washington, D.C. and measured the degree of their interest products constitute their endorsement by the United States Government. #12;The project entitled "A Pilot of groundwater inflows requires a knowledge of the hydraulic conductivity or permeability of the sediments

  15. Qualifying Exam Presentation: DC Discharge Studies Using PIC-MCC

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wurtele, Jonathan

    Qualifying Exam Presentation: DC Discharge Studies Using PIC-MCC Jeffrey Hammel Department during cylindrical magnetron sputtering To assess the applicability of the PIC-MCC method for modeling;Presentation Overview I. Introduction II. Theory A. Paschen's Law B. Positive Column III. PIC-MCC Simulations A

  16. D.C. Water Resources Research Center Annual Technical Report

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    of DC municipal drinking water quality through random sampling and testing of residential homes that could literally transform the lives of people, especially in the area of water availability. Mr. David. The Institute and the Cooperative Extension Service also added a solar powered weather station to the site

  17. Fuzzy Estimation of DC Motor Winding Currents Innovatia Software

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Simon, Dan

    Fuzzy Estimation of DC Motor Winding Currents Dan Simon Innovatia Software 775 Rothrock Circle °ux is rotated in the desired direction of ofuzzy ¯ltering to motor winding current estimation stator windings. an attractive alternative to current estimation using In order to implement an e

  18. DC powerline communication system using a transmission line transformer for high degree of freedom applications

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wade, Eric R. (Eric Randolph), 1978-

    2004-01-01

    A new type of powerline communication is developed to reduce cable requirements for robotic, electromechanical, and vehicular systems. A DC power bus line connecting a DC power supply to motor drives and sensor units is ...

  19. If you reside in WASHINGTON, DC - MD -VA - WV your salary will...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    If you are employed in the WASHINGTON, DC Metropolitan Area (D.C., Baltimore, Northern VA, Eastern WV, and Southern PA) your salary will range from: Pay Band Pay Plan(s) Minimum...

  20. Energy Secretary Moniz's Remarks at CSIS in Washington D.C. on...

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    Moniz's Remarks at CSIS in Washington D.C. on Energy Security 40 Years after the Embargo - As Delivered Energy Secretary Moniz's Remarks at CSIS in Washington D.C. on Energy...

  1. D.C. Middle and High School Students Get a Chance to Experience...

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    D.C. Middle and High School Students Get a Chance to Experience the Regional Science Bowl Competition Setting D.C. Middle and High School Students Get a Chance to Experience the...

  2. Recovery Act: Integrated DC-DC Conversion for Energy-Efficient Multicore Processors

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Shepard, Kenneth L

    2013-03-31

    In this project, we have developed the use of thin-film magnetic materials to improve in energy efficiency of digital computing applications by enabling integrated dc-dc power conversion and management with on-chip power inductors. Integrated voltage regulators also enables fine-grained power management, by providing dynamic scaling of the supply voltage in concert with the clock frequency of synchronous logic to throttle power consumption at periods of low computational demand. The voltage converter generates lower output voltages during periods of low computational performance requirements and higher output voltages during periods of high computational performance requirements. Implementation of integrated power conversion requires high-capacity energy storage devices, which are generally not available in traditional semiconductor processes. We achieve this with integration of thin-film magnetic materials into a conventional complementary metal-oxide-semiconductor (CMOS) process for high-quality on-chip power inductors. This project includes a body of work conducted to develop integrated switch-mode voltage regulators with thin-film magnetic power inductors. Soft-magnetic materials and inductor topologies are selected and optimized, with intent to maximize efficiency and current density of the integrated regulators. A custom integrated circuit (IC) is designed and fabricated in 45-nm CMOS silicon-on-insulator (SOI) to provide the control system and power-train necessary to drive the power inductors, in addition to providing a digital load for the converter. A silicon interposer is designed and fabricated in collaboration with IBM Research to integrate custom power inductors by chip stacking with the 45-nm CMOS integrated circuit, enabling power conversion with current density greater than 10A/mm2. The concepts and designs developed from this work enable significant improvements in performance-per-watt of future microprocessors in servers, desktops, and mobile devices. These new approaches to scaled voltage regulation for computing devices also promise significant impact on electricity consumption in the United States and abroad by improving the efficiency of all computational platforms. In 2006, servers and datacenters in the United States consumed an estimated 61 billion kWh or about 1.5% of the nation's total energy consumption. Federal Government servers and data centers alone accounted for about 10 billion kWh, for a total annual energy cost of about $450 million. Based upon market growth and efficiency trends, estimates place current server and datacenter power consumption at nearly 85 billion kWh in the US and at almost 280 billion kWh worldwide. Similar estimates place national desktop, mobile and portable computing at 80 billion kWh combined. While national electricity utilization for computation amounts to only 4% of current usage, it is growing at a rate of about 10% a year with volume servers representing one of the largest growth segments due to the increasing utilization of cloud-based services. The percentage of power that is consumed by the processor in a server varies but can be as much as 30% of the total power utilization, with an additional 50% associated with heat removal. The approaches considered here should allow energy efficiency gains as high as 30% in processors for all computing platforms, from high-end servers to smart phones, resulting in a direct annual energy savings of almost 15 billion kWh nationally, and 50 billion kWh globally. The work developed here is being commercialized by the start-up venture, Ferric Semiconductor, which has already secured two Phase I SBIR grants to bring these technologies to the marketplace.

  3. Fig.1: Digital Controller with modified buck-boost converter LOAD-INTERACTIVE STEERED-INDUCTOR DC-DC

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Prodiæ, Aleksandar

    Fig.1: Digital Controller with modified buck-boost converter LOAD-INTERACTIVE STEERED-INDUCTOR DC-inverting buck- boost. Transient response results show that, compared to standard converters with near-inverting buck-boost converter, i.e. steered-inductor buck-boost, a digital controller, and a communication block

  4. Building Scale DC Microgrids Chris Marnay, Steven Lanzisera, Michael Stadler, and Judy Lai

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    of building loads are either native DC, such as electronics and compact fluorescent and light emitting diode

  5. Potential Federal On-Site Solar Aggregation in Washington, D.C., and Maryland

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Presentation describes potential Federal on-site solar aggregation opportunities in Washington, D.C., and Maryland.

  6. Interviews in Washington, DC for Albert Einstein Fellowship Semi-Finalists

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Selected semi-finalists in the Albert Einstein Distinguished Educator Fellowship are invited to DC for interviews.

  7. Demonstration of LED Retrofit Lamps at the Smithsonian Art Museum, Washington, DC

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Miller, N. J.; Rosenfeld, S. M.

    2012-06-01

    GATEWAY program report on a demonstration of LED retrofit lamps at the Smithsonian American Art Museum in Washington, DC.

  8. Sputter target erosion and its effects on long duration DC magnetron sputter coating

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Schoff, Michael Elliott

    2009-01-01

    Duration DC Magnetron Sputter Coating A thesis submitted in1 II. Sputter Coating24 VII. Coating Rate vs.

  9. A nonlinear robust HVDC control for a parallel AC/DC power system

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Qu, Zhihua

    recognized that, through an HVDC transmission line, fast electronic control can be applied on the DC power, controlling DC line transmission power can improve stability of the AC system after a major disturbanceA nonlinear robust HVDC control for a parallel AC/DC power system Hongzhi Cai a , Zhihua Qu b

  10. Towards Building an Optimal Demand Response Framework for DC Distribution Networks

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mohsenian-Rad, Hamed

    Towards Building an Optimal Demand Response Framework for DC Distribution Networks Hamed Mohsenian, an optimization-based foundation is proposed for demand response in DC distribution networks in presence to assess the performance and to gain insights into the proposed demand-response paradigm. Keywords: DC

  11. Aalborg Universitet Generation-Side Power Scheduling in a Grid-Connected DC Microgrid

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Vasquez, Juan Carlos

    Aalborg Universitet Generation-Side Power Scheduling in a Grid-Connected DC Microgrid Hernández). Generation-Side Power Scheduling in a Grid-Connected DC Microgrid. In IEEE ICDCM 2015. IEEE. General rights.aau.dk on: juli 04, 2015 #12;Generation-Side Power Scheduling in a Grid-Connected DC Microgrid Adriana C

  12. Aalborg Universitet Modeling, Stability Analysis and Active Stabilization of Multiple DC-Microgrids Clusters

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Vasquez, Juan Carlos

    Aalborg Universitet Modeling, Stability Analysis and Active Stabilization of Multiple DC-Microgrids and Active Stabilization of Multiple DC-Microgrids Clusters. In Proceedings of the 2014 IEEE International of Multiple DC-Microgrid Clusters," in Proc. IEEE International Energy Conference (EnergyCon'14), 2014

  13. Aalborg Universitet Agent-based distributed hierarchical control of dc microgrid systems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Vasquez, Juan Carlos

    Aalborg Universitet Agent-based distributed hierarchical control of dc microgrid systems Meng, J. M., & Dragicevic, T. (2014). Agent-based distributed hierarchical control of dc microgrid systems-BASED DISTRIBUTED HIERARCHICAL CONTROL OF DC MICROGRID SYSTEMS Lexuan Meng, Tomislav Dragicevic, Josep M. Guerrero

  14. OLENDER REPORTING, INC. 1100 Connecticut Avenue NW, #810, Washington, DC 20036

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    1 OLENDER REPORTING, INC. 1100 Connecticut Avenue NW, #810, Washington, DC 20036 Washington: 202 Avenue17 Washington, D.C.18 19 20 21 22 #12;2 OLENDER REPORTING, INC. 1100 Connecticut Avenue NW, #810 #12;3 OLENDER REPORTING, INC. 1100 Connecticut Avenue NW, #810, Washington, DC 20036 Washington: 202

  15. Control of a Fuel-Cell Powered DC Electric Vehicle Motor

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Skogestad, Sigurd

    Control of a Fuel-Cell Powered DC Electric Vehicle Motor Federico Zenith Sigurd Skogestad Meeting, 2005 www.ntnu.no Federico Zenith, Sigurd Skogestad, Control of a Fuel-Cell Powered DC Electric Vehicle Motor #12;2 Outline 1) Control of Fuel Cells--Status 2) Dynamic Modelling of Fuel Cells 3) DC

  16. Double interconnection fuel cell array

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Draper, R.; Zymboly, G.E.

    1993-12-28

    A fuel cell array is made, containing number of tubular, elongated fuel cells which are placed next to each other in rows (A, B, C, D), where each cell contains inner electrodes and outer electrodes, with solid electrolyte between the electrodes, where the electrolyte and outer electrode are discontinuous, having two portions, and providing at least two opposed discontinuities which contain at least two oppositely opposed interconnections contacting the inner electrode, each cell having only three metallic felt electrical connectors which contact surrounding cells, where each row is electrically connected to the other. 5 figures.

  17. Double interconnection fuel cell array

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Draper, Robert (Churchill Boro, PA); Zymboly, Gregory E. (Murrysville, PA)

    1993-01-01

    A fuel cell array (10) is made, containing number of tubular, elongated fuel cells (12) which are placed next to each other in rows (A, B, C, D), where each cell contains inner electrodes (14) and outer electrodes (18 and 18'), with solid electrolyte (16 and 16') between the electrodes, where the electrolyte and outer electrode are discontinuous, having two portions, and providing at least two opposed discontinuities which contain at least two oppositely opposed interconnections (20 and 20') contacting the inner electrode (14), each cell (12) having only three metallic felt electrical connectors (22) which contact surrounding cells, where each row is electrically connected to the other.

  18. From determinacy to systaltic arrays

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    O'Leary, D.P.; Stewart, G.W.

    1987-11-01

    In this paper the authors extend a model for parallel computation. They show that the extended model is deterministic, in the sense that under different scheduling regimes each process in the computation consumes the same input and generates the same output. Moreover, if the computation halts, the final state is independent of scheduling. The model is applied to the generation of precedence graphs, from which lower time bounds may be deduced, and to the synchronization of systolic arrays by local rather than global control.

  19. Coated carbon nanotube array electrodes

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Ren, Zhifeng (Newton, MA); Wen, Jian (Newton, MA); Chen, Jinghua (Chestnut Hill, MA); Huang, Zhongping (Belmont, MA); Wang, Dezhi (Wellesley, MA)

    2008-10-28

    The present invention provides conductive carbon nanotube (CNT) electrode materials comprising aligned CNT substrates coated with an electrically conducting polymer, and the fabrication of electrodes for use in high performance electrical energy storage devices. In particular, the present invention provides conductive CNTs electrode material whose electrical properties render them especially suitable for use in high efficiency rechargeable batteries. The present invention also provides methods for obtaining surface modified conductive CNT electrode materials comprising an array of individual linear, aligned CNTs having a uniform surface coating of an electrically conductive polymer such as polypyrrole, and their use in electrical energy storage devices.

  20. Coated carbon nanotube array electrodes

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Ren, Zhifeng; Wen, Jian; Chen, Jinghua; Huang, Zhongping; Wang, Dezhi

    2006-12-12

    The present invention provides conductive carbon nanotube (CNT) electrode materials comprising aligned CNT substrates coated with an electrically conducting polymer, and the fabrication of electrodes for use in high performance electrical energy storage devices. In particular, the present invention provides conductive CNTs electrode material whose electrical properties render them especially suitable for use in high efficiency rechargeable batteries. The present invention also provides methods for obtaining surface modified conductive CNT electrode materials comprising an array of individual linear, aligned CNTs having a uniform surface coating of an electrically conductive polymer such as polypyrrole, and their use in electrical energy storage devices.

  1. Using Job Arrays on Carver

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity ofkandz-cm11 Outreach Home RoomPreservationBio-Inspired SolarAbout /Two0 - 19PortalStatusUserUserHomeUsing Job Arrays

  2. PILOT-SCALE FIELD VALIDATION OF THE LONG ELECTRODE ELECTRICAL RESISTIVITY TOMOGRAPHY METHOD

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    GLASER DR; RUCKER DF; CROOK N; LOKE MH

    2011-07-14

    Field validation for the long electrode electrical resistivity tomography (LE-ERT) method was attempted in order to demonstrate the performance of the technique in imaging a simple buried target. The experiment was an approximately 1/17 scale mock-up of a region encompassing a buried nuclear waste tank on the Hanford site. The target of focus was constructed by manually forming a simulated plume within the vadose zone using a tank waste simulant. The LE-ERT results were compared to ERT using conventional point electrodes on the surface and buried within the survey domain. Using a pole-pole array, both point and long electrode imaging techniques identified the lateral extents of the pre-formed plume with reasonable fidelity, but the LE-ERT was handicapped in reconstructing the vertical boundaries. The pole-dipole and dipole-dipole arrays were also tested with the LE-ERT method and were shown to have the least favorable target properties, including the position of the reconstructed plume relative to the known plume and the intensity of false positive targets. The poor performance of the pole-dipole and dipole-dipole arrays was attributed to an inexhaustive and non-optimal coverage of data at key electrodes, as well as an increased noise for electrode combinations with high geometric factors. However, when comparing the model resolution matrix among the different acquisition strategies, the pole-dipole and dipole-dipole arrays using long electrodes were shown to have significantly higher average and maximum values than any pole-pole array. The model resolution describes how well the inversion model resolves the subsurface. Given the model resolution performance of the pole-dipole and dipole-dipole arrays, it may be worth investing in tools to understand the optimum subset of randomly distributed electrode pairs to produce maximum performance from the inversion model.

  3. Replica amplification of nucleic acid arrays

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Church, George M. (Brookline, MA)

    2002-01-01

    A method of producing a plurality of a nucleic acid array, comprising, in order, the steps of amplifying in situ nucleic acid molecules of a first randomly-patterned, immobilized nucleic acid array comprising a heterogeneous pool of nucleic acid molecules affixed to a support, transferring at least a subset of the nucleic acid molecules produced by such amplifying to a second support, and affixing the subset so transferred to the second support to form a second randomly-patterned, immobilized nucleic acid array, wherein the nucleic acid molecules of the second array occupy positions that correspond to those of the nucleic acid molecules from which they were amplified on the first array, so that the first array serves as a template to produce a plurality, is disclosed.

  4. Space and power efficient hybrid counters array

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Gara, Alan G. (Mount Kisco, NY); Salapura, Valentina (Chappaqua, NY)

    2010-03-30

    A hybrid counter array device for counting events. The hybrid counter array includes a first counter portion comprising N counter devices, each counter device for receiving signals representing occurrences of events from an event source and providing a first count value corresponding to a lower order bits of the hybrid counter array. The hybrid counter array includes a second counter portion comprising a memory array device having N addressable memory locations in correspondence with the N counter devices, each addressable memory location for storing a second count value representing higher order bits of the hybrid counter array. A control device monitors each of the N counter devices of the first counter portion and initiates updating a value of a corresponding second count value stored at the corresponding addressable memory location in the second counter portion. Thus, a combination of the first and second count values provide an instantaneous measure of number of events received.

  5. Space and power efficient hybrid counters array

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Gara, Alan G. (Mount Kisco, NY); Salapura, Valentina (Chappaqua, NY)

    2009-05-12

    A hybrid counter array device for counting events. The hybrid counter array includes a first counter portion comprising N counter devices, each counter device for receiving signals representing occurrences of events from an event source and providing a first count value corresponding to a lower order bits of the hybrid counter array. The hybrid counter array includes a second counter portion comprising a memory array device having N addressable memory locations in correspondence with the N counter devices, each addressable memory location for storing a second count value representing higher order bits of the hybrid counter array. A control device monitors each of the N counter devices of the first counter portion and initiates updating a value of a corresponding second count value stored at the corresponding addressable memory location in the second counter portion. Thus, a combination of the first and second count values provide an instantaneous measure of number of events received.

  6. Reduced-vibration tube array

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Bruck, Gerald J.; Bartolomeo, Daniel R.

    2004-07-20

    A reduced-vibration tube array is disclosed. The array includes a plurality of tubes in a fixed arrangement and a plurality of damping members positioned within the tubes. The damping members include contoured interface regions characterized by bracing points that selectively contact the inner surface of an associated tube. Each interface region is sized and shaped in accordance with the associated tube, so that the damping member bracing points are spaced apart a vibration-reducing distance from the associated tube inner surfaces at equilibrium. During operation, mechanical interaction between the bracing points and the tube inner surfaces reduces vibration by a damage-reducing degree. In one embodiment, the interface regions are serpentine shaped. In another embodiment, the interface regions are helical in shape. The interface regions may be simultaneously helical and serpentine in shape. The damping members may be fixed within the associated tubes, and damping member may be customized several interference regions having attributes chosen in accordance with desired flow characteristics and associated tube properties.

  7. Graphical methods for evaluating covering arrays

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kim, Youngil; Jang, Dae -Heung; Anderson-Cook, Christine M.

    2015-08-10

    Covering arrays relax the condition of orthogonal arrays by only requiring that all combination of levels be covered but not requiring that the appearance of all combination of levels be balanced. This allows for a much larger number of factors to be simultaneously considered but at the cost of poorer estimation of the factor effects. To better understand patterns between sets of columns and evaluate the degree of coverage to compare and select between alternative arrays, we suggest several new graphical methods that show some of the patterns of coverage for different designs. These graphical methods for evaluating covering arrays are illustrated with a few examples.

  8. Odorant Detection by Biological Chemosensor Arrays

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Schuech, Rudi

    2011-01-01

    from cylinders in laminar crossflow at 10(-4)crossflow over a cylinder array with2D cylinders in low-Re crossflow, sampling a single odorant

  9. Mesa Top Photovoltaic Array (Fact Sheet)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    2009-07-01

    Fact sheet overview of the Mesa Top Photovoltaic Array project implemented by the Department of Energy Golden Office and National Renewable Energy Laboratory.

  10. Multilevel cascade voltage source inverter with separate DC sources

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Peng, F.Z.; Lai, J.S.

    1997-06-24

    A multilevel cascade voltage source inverter having separate DC sources is described herein. This inverter is applicable to high voltage, high power applications such as flexible AC transmission systems (FACTS) including static VAR generation (SVG), power line conditioning, series compensation, phase shifting and voltage balancing and fuel cell and photovoltaic utility interface systems. The M-level inverter consists of at least one phase wherein each phase has a plurality of full bridge inverters equipped with an independent DC source. This inverter develops a near sinusoidal approximation voltage waveform with only one switching per cycle as the number of levels, M, is increased. The inverter may have either single-phase or multi-phase embodiments connected in either wye or delta configurations. 15 figs.

  11. Multilevel cascade voltage source inverter with seperate DC sources

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Peng, Fang Zheng (Oak Ridge, TN); Lai, Jih-Sheng (Knoxville, TN)

    1997-01-01

    A multilevel cascade voltage source inverter having separate DC sources is described herein. This inverter is applicable to high voltage, high power applications such as flexible AC transmission systems (FACTS) including static VAR generation (SVG), power line conditioning, series compensation, phase shifting and voltage balancing and fuel cell and photovoltaic utility interface systems. The M-level inverter consists of at least one phase wherein each phase has a plurality of full bridge inverters equipped with an independent DC source. This inverter develops a near sinusoidal approximation voltage waveform with only one switching per cycle as the number of levels, M, is increased. The inverter may have either single-phase or multi-phase embodiments connected in either wye or delta configurations.

  12. Multilevel cascade voltage source inverter with seperate DC sources

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Peng, Fang Zheng; Lai, Jih-Sheng

    2001-04-03

    A multilevel cascade voltage source inverter having separate DC sources is described herein. This inverter is applicable to high voltage, high power applications such as flexible AC transmission systems (FACTS) including static VAR generation (SVG), power line conditioning, series compensation, phase shifting and voltage balancing and fuel cell and photovoltaic utility interface systems. The M-level inverter consists of at least one phase wherein each phase has a plurality of full bridge inverters equipped with an independent DC source. This inverter develops a near sinusoidal approximation voltage waveform with only one switching per cycle as the number of levels, M, is increased. The inverter may have either single-phase or multi-phase embodiments connected in either wye or delta configurations.

  13. Multilevel cascade voltage source inverter with seperate DC sources

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Peng, Fang Zheng (Knoxville, TN); Lai, Jih-Sheng (Blacksburg, VA)

    2002-01-01

    A multilevel cascade voltage source inverter having separate DC sources is described herein. This inverter is applicable to high voltage, high power applications such as flexible AC transmission systems (FACTS) including static VAR generation (SVG), power line conditioning, series compensation, phase shifting and voltage balancing and fuel cell and photovoltaic utility interface systems. The M-level inverter consists of at least one phase wherein each phase has a plurality of full bridge inverters equipped with an independent DC source. This inverter develops a near sinusoidal approximation voltage waveform with only one switching per cycle as the number of levels, M, is increased. The inverter may have either single-phase or multi-phase embodiments connected in either wye or delta configurations.

  14. The Murchison Widefield Array: The Square Kilometre Array Precursor at Low Radio Frequencies

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Goeke, Robert F.

    The Murchison Widefield Array (MWA) is one of three Square Kilometre Array Precursor telescopes and is located at the Murchison Radio-astronomy Observatory in the Murchison Shire of the mid-west of Western Australia, a ...

  15. AVTA: Battery Testing- DC Fast Charging's Effects on PEV Batteries

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The Vehicle Technologies Office's Advanced Vehicle Testing Activity carries out testing on a wide range of advanced vehicles and technologies on dynamometers, closed test tracks, and on-the-road. These results provide benchmark data that researchers can use to develop technology models and guide future research and development. The following report describes DC fast charging's effects on plug-in electric vehicle batteries. This research was conducted by Idaho National Laboratory.

  16. The Use of DC Glow Discharges as Undergraduate Educational Tools

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Stephanie A. Wissel and Andrew Zwicker, Jerry Ross, and Sophia Gershman

    2012-10-09

    Plasmas have a beguiling way of getting students excited and interested in physics. We argue that plasmas can and should be incorporated into the undergraduate curriculum as both demonstrations and advanced investigations of electromagnetism and quantum effects. Our device, based on a direct current (DC) glow discharge tube, allows for a number of experiments into topics such as electrical breakdown, spectroscopy, magnetism, and electron temperature.

  17. dc-plasma-sprayed electronic-tube device

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Meek, T.T.

    1982-01-29

    An electronic tube and associated circuitry which is produced by dc plasma arc spraying techniques is described. The process is carried out in a single step automated process whereby both active and passive devices are produced at very low cost. The circuitry is extremely reliable and is capable of functioning in both high radiation and high temperature environments. The size of the electronic tubes produced are more than an order of magnitude smaller than conventional electronic tubes.

  18. Synthesis of silicon nanotubes by DC arc plasma method

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Tank, C. M.; Bhoraskar, S. V.; Mathe, V. L.

    2012-06-05

    Plasma synthesis is a novel technique of synthesis of nanomaterials as they provide high rate of production and promote metastable reactions. Very thin walled silicon nanotubes were synthesized in a DC direct arc thermal plasma reactor. The effect of parameters of synthesis i.e. arc current and presence of hydrogen on the morphology of Si nanoparticles is reported. Silicon nanotubes were characterized by Transmission Electron Microscopy (TEM), Local Energy Dispersive X-ray analysis (EDAX), and Scanning Tunneling Microscopy (STM).

  19. Report on Non-Contact DC Electric Field Sensors

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Miles, R; Bond, T; Meyer, G

    2009-06-16

    This document reports on methods used to measure DC electrostatic fields in the range of 100 to 4000 V/m using a non-contact method. The project for which this report is written requires this capability. Non-contact measurements of DC fields is complicated by the effect of the accumulation of random space-charges near the sensors which interfere with the measurement of the field-of-interest and consequently, many forms of field measurements are either limited to AC measurements or use oscillating devices to create pseudo-AC fields. The intent of this document is to report on methods discussed in the literature for non-contact measurement of DC fields. Electric field meters report either the electric field expressed in volts per distance or the voltage measured with respect to a ground reference. Common commercial applications for measuring static (DC) electric fields include measurement of surface charge on materials near electronic equipment to prevent arcing which can destroy sensitive electronic components, measurement of the potential for lightning to strike buildings or other exposed assets, measurement of the electric fields under power lines to investigate potential health risks from exposure to EM fields and measurement of fields emanating from the brain for brain diagnostic purposes. Companies that make electric field sensors include Trek (Medina, NY), MKS Instruments, Boltek, Campbell Systems, Mission Instruments, Monroe Electronics, AlphaLab, Inc. and others. In addition to commercial vendors, there are research activities continuing in the MEMS and optical arenas to make compact devices using the principles applied to the larger commercial sensors.

  20. USCOMM-WB-DC PRELIMZNARY REPORT OH HURRICANE DAISY

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    QC 945.2 .D3 H8 1958 c.2 #12;#12;USCOMM-WB-DC #12;PRELIMZNARY REPORT OH HURRICANE DAISY AWGUST 24-29, 1958 Hurricane "Daisy", intense but small in area, was detected as a tropical storm about 300 miles into a hurricane on August 25. A u g u s t 27 it drifted very slowly northward. coast increased. the Atlantic off

  1. Energy Incentive Programs, Washington DC | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious Rank EERE: AlternativeCommunication3-EDepartment ofArizona EnergyHampshire EnergyOregonTexasWashington DC

  2. One-step fabrication of free-standing flexible membranes reinforced with self-assembled arrays of carbon nanotubes

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Grilli, S.; Coppola, S.; Vespini, V.; Pagliarulo, V.; Ferraro, P.; Nasti, G.; Carfagna, C.

    2014-10-13

    Here, we report on a single step approach for fabricating free-standing polymer membranes reinforced with arrayed self-assembled carbon nanotubes (CNTs). The CNTs are self-assembled spontaneously by electrode-free DC dielectrophoresis based on surface charge templates. The electrical charge template is generated through the pyroelectric effect onto periodically poled lithium niobate ferroelectric crystals. A thermal stimulus enables simultaneously the self-assembly of the CNTs and the cross-linking of the host polymer. Examples of thin polydimethylsiloxane membranes reinforced with CNT patterns are shown.

  3. Using Nyquist or Nyquist-Like Plot to Predict Three Typical Instabilities in DC-DC Converters

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fang, Chung-Chieh

    2012-01-01

    By transforming an exact stability condition, a new Nyquist-like plot is proposed to predict occurrences of three typical instabilities in DC-DC converters. The three instabilities are saddle-node bifurcation (coexistence of multiple solutions), period-doubling bifurcation (subharmonic oscillation), and Neimark bifurcation (quasi-periodic oscillation). In a single plot, it accurately predicts whether an instability occurs and what type the instability is. The plot is equivalent to the Nyquist plot, and it is a useful design tool to avoid these instabilities. Nine examples are used to illustrate the accuracy of this new plot to predict instabilities in the buck or boost converter with fixed or variable switching frequency.

  4. Using Nyquist or Nyquist-Like Plot to Predict Three Typical Instabilities in DC-DC Converters

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chung-Chieh Fang

    2012-04-09

    By transforming an exact stability condition, a new Nyquist-like plot is proposed to predict occurrences of three typical instabilities in DC-DC converters. The three instabilities are saddle-node bifurcation (coexistence of multiple solutions), period-doubling bifurcation (subharmonic oscillation), and Neimark bifurcation (quasi-periodic oscillation). In a single plot, it accurately predicts whether an instability occurs and what type the instability is. The plot is equivalent to the Nyquist plot, and it is a useful design tool to avoid these instabilities. Nine examples are used to illustrate the accuracy of this new plot to predict instabilities in the buck or boost converter with fixed or variable switching frequency.

  5. Multiphase soft switched DC/DC converter and active control technique for fuel cell ripple current elimination

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Lai, Jih-Sheng (Blacksburg, VA); Liu, Changrong (Sunnyvale, CA); Ridenour, Amy (Salem, VA)

    2009-04-14

    DC/DC converter has a transformer having primary coils connected to an input side and secondary coils connected to an output side. Each primary coil connects a full-bridge circuit comprising two switches on two legs, the primary coil being connected between the switches on each leg, each full-bridge circuit being connected in parallel wherein each leg is disposed parallel to one another, and the secondary coils connected to a rectifying circuit. An outer loop control circuit that reduces ripple in a voltage reference has a first resistor connected in series with a second resistor connected in series with a first capacitor which are connected in parallel with a second capacitor. An inner loop control circuit that reduces ripple in a current reference has a third resistor connected in series with a fourth resistor connected in series with a third capacitor which are connected in parallel with a fourth capacitor.

  6. The Parkes Pulsar Timing Array

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    R N Manchester

    2006-04-13

    Given sufficient sensitivity, pulsar timing observations can make a direct detection of gravitational waves passing over the Earth. Pulsar timing is most sensitive to gravitational waves with frequencies in the nanoHertz region, with the most likely astronomical sources being binary super-massive black holes in galaxy cores. The Parkes Pulsar Timing Array project uses the Parkes 64-m radio telescope to make precision timing observations of a sample of about 20 millisecond pulsars with a principal goal of making a direct detection of gravitational waves. Observations commenced about one year ago and so far sub-microsecond timing residuals have been achieved for more than half of these pulsars. New receiver and software systems are being developed with the aim of reducing these residuals to the level believed necessary for a positive detection of gravitational waves.

  7. Cherenkov Telescope Array Data Management

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lamanna, G; Contreras, J L; Knödlseder, J; Kosack, K; Neyroud, N; Aboudan, A; Arrabito, L; Barbier, C; Bastieri, D; Boisson, C; Brau-Nogué, S; Bregeon, J; Bulgarelli, A; Carosi, A; Costa, A; De Cesare, G; Reyes, R de los; Fioretti, V; Gallozzi, S; Jacquemier, J; Khelifi, B; Kocot, J; Lombardi, S; Lucarelli, F; Lyard, E; Maier, G; Massimino, P; Osborne, J P; Perri, M; Rico, J; Sanchez, D A; Satalecka, K; Siejkowski, H; Stolarczyk, T; Szepieniec, T; Testa, V; Walter, R; Ward, J E; Zoli, A

    2015-01-01

    Very High Energy gamma-ray astronomy with the Cherenkov Telescope Array (CTA) is evolving towards the model of a public observatory. Handling, processing and archiving the large amount of data generated by the CTA instruments and delivering scientific products are some of the challenges in designing the CTA Data Management. The participation of scientists from within CTA Consortium and from the greater worldwide scientific community necessitates a sophisticated scientific analysis system capable of providing unified and efficient user access to data, software and computing resources. Data Management is designed to respond to three main issues: (i) the treatment and flow of data from remote telescopes; (ii) "big-data" archiving and processing; (iii) and open data access. In this communication the overall technical design of the CTA Data Management, current major developments and prototypes are presented.

  8. Dumand-array data-acquisition system

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Brenner, A.E.; Theriot, D.; Dau, W.D.; Geelhood, B.D.; Harris, F.; Learned, J.G.; Stenger, V.; March, R.; Roos, C.; Shumard, E.

    1982-04-01

    An overall data acquisition approach for DUMAND is described. The scheme assumes one array to shore optical fiber transmission line for each string of the array. The basic event sampling period is approx. 13 ..mu..sec. All potentially interesting data is transmitted to shore where the major processing is performed.

  9. Wideband Array Signal Processing Using MCMC Methods

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Reilly, James P.

    1 Wideband Array Signal Processing Using MCMC Methods William Ng, James P. Reilly*, Thia structure for array signal processing. A new interpolation model is formed where the observations are linear processing, a mature and specialized branch of signal processing, has found use in radar, sonar

  10. CSC 8400: Computer Systems Pointers, Arrays

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    1 CSC 8400: Computer Systems Pointers, Arrays and Strings in C Overview ·Pointers -Variables that hold memory addresses -Using pointers to do "call-by-reference" in C ·Arrays -List of elements #12;2 Insight: Write a swap function void swap(int x, int y

  11. Deep Trench Capacitor based Step-up and Step-down DC/DC Converters in 32nm SOI with Opportunistic

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sapatnekar, Sachin

    Deep Trench Capacitor based Step-up and Step-down DC/DC Converters in 32nm SOI with Opportunistic domains. Using ultra-high density deep trench capacitors, we are able to achieve an output power density-power domain scenario by implementing a bi-directional opportunistic current borrowing scheme. Deep trench

  12. Abstract--Emerging high-end portable electronics demand on-chip integration of high-performance dc-dc power supplies not

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rincon-Mora, Gabriel A.

    series resistance (ESR) output capacitors, it is not clear how it applies to boost converters boost converter. Experimental results verified the switching supply was stable across 1-30µH, 1-350µ variation to less than 27%. Index Terms--differential control, boost dc-dc converter I. INTRODUCTION

  13. SoC Energy Savings = Reduce+Reuse+Recycle: A Case Study Using a 660MHz DC-DC Converter with Integrated Output Filter

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lemieux, Guy

    that requires careful planning of the interface between the provider and receptor of the energy. In this paper between energy provider and receptor. Since fully integrated on-chip regulators are usually inefficientSoC Energy Savings = Reduce+Reuse+Recycle: A Case Study Using a 660MHz DC-DC Converter

  14. 2004 35Ih Annual IEEE Power Elearonics Specialisrs Conference Aachen, Germany,2004 Modeling of Quantization Effects in Digitally Controlled DC-DC Converters

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Prodiæ, Aleksandar

    : {hpeng,maksimov)@colorado.edu Abstract- In digitally controlled DC-DC converters with a single voltage variations, programmability, reduction or elimination of external passive components, as well a conservative hound for the limit-cycle oscillation amplitude, while Section VI11 summarizes the conclusions. 11

  15. 26.2 Single-Inductor Dual-Input Dual-Output Buck-Boost Fuel Cell-Li Ion Charging DC-DC Converter Supply

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rincon-Mora, Gabriel A.

    1 26.2 Single-Inductor Dual-Input Dual-Output Buck-Boost Fuel Cell-Li Ion Charging DC-DC Converter battery with its energy-dense counterpart like the fuel cell (FC) improves micro-scale integration [2]. As a result, buck or boost single-inductor, dual-input, dual-output (SIDIDO) converters enjoy

  16. Abstract -This paper presents the coordinated control of distributed energy storage systems (DESSs) in DC micro-grids.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Vasquez, Juan Carlos

    ) in DC micro-grids. In order to balance the state-of-charge (SoC) of each energy storage unit (ESU--Droop control; distributed energy storage system (DESS); DC micro-grids; state-of-charge (SoC) I. INTRODUCTION and more popularity [1]. Nowadays DC micro-grids are becoming more attractive with the raise of DC power

  17. 650 IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON POWER DELIVERY, VOL. 26, NO. 2, APRIL 2011 Hourly Scheduling of DC Transmission Lines in

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fu, Yong

    ). The impact of VSC-DC transmission system on the economics and the security of integrated ac/dc transmission will determine the optimal hourly schedule of controllable VSC-DC transmission systems in electricity markets;LOTFJOU et al.: HOURLY SCHEDULING OF DC TRANSMISSION LINES 651 , Vector of real and reactive power

  18. 936 IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON INDUSTRIAL ELECTRONICS, VOL. 50, NO. 5, OCTOBER 2003 Gain Adaptation of Networked DC Motor Controllers

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chow, Mo-Yuen

    ) milling machine, dc motors can be connected to controllers, drivers and sensors by directly wiring

  19. Junction-side illuminated silicon detector arrays

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Iwanczyk, Jan S.; Patt, Bradley E.; Tull, Carolyn

    2004-03-30

    A junction-side illuminated detector array of pixelated detectors is constructed on a silicon wafer. A junction contact on the front-side may cover the whole detector array, and may be used as an entrance window for light, x-ray, gamma ray and/or other particles. The back-side has an array of individual ohmic contact pixels. Each of the ohmic contact pixels on the back-side may be surrounded by a grid or a ring of junction separation implants. Effective pixel size may be changed by separately biasing different sections of the grid. A scintillator may be coupled directly to the entrance window while readout electronics may be coupled directly to the ohmic contact pixels. The detector array may be used as a radiation hardened detector for high-energy physics research or as avalanche imaging arrays.

  20. Materials with low DC magnetic susceptibility for sensitive magnetic measurements

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rakshya Khatiwada; Lawrence Dennis; Rachel Kendrick; Marjan Khosravi; Michael Peters; Erick Smith; Mike Snow

    2015-06-30

    Materials with very low DC magnetic susceptibility have many scientific applications. To our knowledge however, relatively little research has been conducted with the goal to produce a totally nonmagnetic material. This phrase in our case means after spatially averaging over macroscopic volumes, it possesses an average zero DC magnetic susceptibility. We report measurements of the DC magnetic susceptibility of three different types of nonmagnetic materials at room temperature: (I) solutions of paramagnetic salts and diamagnetic liquids, (II) liquid gallium-indium alloys and (III) pressed powder mixtures of tungsten and bismuth. The lowest measured magnetic susceptibility among these candidate materials is in the order of 10^-9 cgs volume susceptibility units, about two orders of magnitude smaller than distilled water. In all cases, the measured concentration dependence of the magnetic susceptibility is consistent with that expected for the weighted sum of the susceptibilities of the separate components within experimental error. These results verify the Wiedemann additivity law and thereby realize the ability to produce materials with small but tunable magnetic susceptibility. For our particular scientific application, we are also looking for materials with the largest possible number of neutrons and protons per unit volume. The gallium-indium alloys fabricated and measured in this work possess to our knowledge the smallest ratio of volume magnetic susceptibility to nucleon number density per unit volume for a room temperature liquid, and the tungsten-bismuth pressed powder mixtures possess to our knowledge the smallest ratio of volume magnetic susceptibility to nucleon number density per unit volume for a room temperature solid. This ratio is a figure of merit for a certain class of precision experiments that search for possible exotic spin-dependent forces of Nature.

  1. Positron lifetime spectrometer using a DC positron beam

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Xu, Jun; Moxom, Jeremy

    2003-10-21

    An entrance grid is positioned in the incident beam path of a DC beam positron lifetime spectrometer. The electrical potential difference between the sample and the entrance grid provides simultaneous acceleration of both the primary positrons and the secondary electrons. The result is a reduction in the time spread induced by the energy distribution of the secondary electrons. In addition, the sample, sample holder, entrance grid, and entrance face of the multichannel plate electron detector assembly are made parallel to each other, and are arranged at a tilt angle to the axis of the positron beam to effectively separate the path of the secondary electrons from the path of the incident positrons.

  2. Hardwired Control Changes For NSTX DC Power Feeds

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ramakrishnan, S.

    2013-06-28

    The National Spherical Torus Experiment (NSTX) has been designed and installed in the existing facilities at Princeton Plasma Physics Laboratory (PPPL). Most of the hardware, plant facilities, auxiliary sub-systems, and power systems originally used for the Tokamak Fusion Test Reactor (TFTR) have been used with suitable modifications to reflect NSTX needs. The original TFTR Hardwired Control System (HCS) with electromechanical relays was used for NSTX DC Power loop control and protection during NSTX operations. As part of the NSTX Upgrade, the HCS is being changed to a PLC-based system with the same control logic. This paper gives a description of the changeover to the new PLC-based system __________________________________________________

  3. Heteroepitaxial Ge-on-Si by DC magnetron sputtering

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Steglich, Martin; Schrempel, Frank; Füchsel, Kevin; Kley, Ernst-Bernhard; Patzig, Christian; Berthold, Lutz; Höche, Thomas; Tünnermann, Andreas; Fraunhofer Institute for Applied Optics and Precision Engineering IOF, Albert-Einstein-Str. 7, 07745 Jena

    2013-07-15

    The growth of Ge on Si(100) by DC Magnetron Sputtering at various temperatures is studied by Spectroscopic Ellipsometry and Transmission Electron Microscopy. Smooth heteroepitaxial Ge films are prepared at relatively low temperatures of 380°C. Typical Stransky-Krastanov growth is observed at 410°C. At lower temperatures (320°C), films are essentially amorphous with isolated nanocrystallites at the Si-Ge interface. A minor oxygen contamination at the interface, developing after ex-situ oxide removal, is not seen to hinder epitaxy. Compensation of dislocation-induced acceptors in Ge by sputtering from n-doped targets is proposed.

  4. EA-327-A DC Energy, LLC | Department of Energy

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of Natural GasAdjustmentsShirleyEnergy A plug-inPPL EnergyPlus, LLC to export electricSilverhill Ltdto export electricDC

  5. EA-351 DC Energy Dakota, LLC | Department of Energy

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of Natural GasAdjustmentsShirleyEnergy A plug-inPPL EnergyPlus, LLC to export electricSilverhillSaracenCreditNextEraDC

  6. EA-377 DC Energy Texas | Department of Energy

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of Natural GasAdjustmentsShirleyEnergy A plug-inPPL EnergyPlus, LLC to exportEndure Energy,Vitol Inc toDC Energy Texas to

  7. Global DC Power System Market Analysis | OpenEI Community

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIXsource History View New Pages RecentPlant <SilverChange Associates JumpGlobal DC Power

  8. Categorical Exclusion Determinations: Washington, D.C. | Department of

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of Natural GasAdjustmentsShirleyEnergyTher i n c i p a lCaribElectricSouth Dakota. DOCUMENTSEnergy Washington, D.C.

  9. Low power integrated pumping and valving arrays for microfluidic...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    Low power integrated pumping and valving arrays for microfluidic systems Citation Details In-Document Search Title: Low power integrated pumping and valving arrays for microfluidic...

  10. High Temperature Thermal Array for Next Generation Solar Thermal...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    High Temperature Thermal Array for Next Generation Solar Thermal Power Production High Temperature Thermal Array for Next Generation Solar Thermal Power Production This...

  11. Three dimensional stress vector sensor array and method therefor...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    Three dimensional stress vector sensor array and method therefor Citation Details In-Document Search Title: Three dimensional stress vector sensor array and method therefor A...

  12. The Nuclear Spectroscopic Telescope Array (NuSTAR) Mission (Journal...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    The Nuclear Spectroscopic Telescope Array (NuSTAR) Mission Citation Details In-Document Search Title: The Nuclear Spectroscopic Telescope Array (NuSTAR) Mission You are...

  13. The Nuclear Spectroscopic Telescope Array (NuSTAR) Mission (Journal...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    The Nuclear Spectroscopic Telescope Array (NuSTAR) Mission Citation Details In-Document Search Title: The Nuclear Spectroscopic Telescope Array (NuSTAR) Mission Authors: Harrison,...

  14. The Nuclear Spectroscopic Telescope Array (NuSTAR) Mission (Journal...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    Nuclear Spectroscopic Telescope Array (NuSTAR) Mission Citation Details In-Document Search Title: The Nuclear Spectroscopic Telescope Array (NuSTAR) Mission Authors: Harrison,...

  15. The Parkes Pulsar Timing Array

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    R. N. Manchester

    2007-11-12

    Detection and study of gravitational waves from astrophysical sources is a major goal of current astrophysics. Ground-based laser-interferometer systems such as LIGO and VIRGO are sensitive to gravitational waves with frequencies of order 100 Hz, whereas space-based systems such as LISA are sensitive in the millihertz regime. Precise timing observations of a sample of millisecond pulsars widely distributed on the sky have the potential to detect gravitational waves at nanohertz frequencies. Potential sources of such waves include binary super-massive black holes in the cores of galaxies, relic radiation from the inflationary era and oscillations of cosmic strings. The Parkes Pulsar Timing Array (PPTA) is an implementation of such a system in which 20 millisecond pulsars have been observed using the Parkes radio telescope at three frequencies at intervals of two -- three weeks for more than two years. Analysis of these data has been used to limit the gravitational wave background in our Galaxy and to constrain some models for its generation. The data have also been used to investigate fluctuations in the interstellar and Solar-wind electron density and have the potential to investigate the stability of terrestrial time standards and the accuracy of solar-system ephemerides.

  16. AGATA - Advanced Gamma Tracking Array

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    S. Akkoyun; A. Algora; B. Alikhani; F. Ameil; G. de Angelis; L. Arnold; A. Astier; A. Ataç; Y. Aubert; C. Aufranc; A. Austin; S. Aydin; F. Azaiez; S. Badoer; D. L. Balabanski; D. Barrientos; G. Baulieu; R. Baumann; D. Bazzacco; F. A. Beck; T. Beck; P. Bednarczyk; M. Bellato; M. A. Bentley; G. Benzoni; R. Berthier; L. Berti; R. Beunard; G. Lo Bianco; B. Birkenbach; P. G. Bizzeti; A. M. Bizzeti-Sona; F. Le Blanc; J. M. Blasco; N. Blasi; D. Bloor; C. Boiano; M. Borsato; D. Bortolato; A. J. Boston; H. C. Boston; P. Bourgault; P. Boutachkov; A. Bouty; A. Bracco; S. Brambilla; I. P. Brawn; A. Brondi; S. Broussard; B. Bruyneel; D. Bucurescu; I. Burrows; A. Bürger; S. Cabaret; B. Cahan; E. Calore; F. Camera; A. Capsoni; F. Carrió; G. Casati; M. Castoldi; B. Cederwall; J. -L. Cercus; V. Chambert; M. El Chambit; R. Chapman; L. Charles; J. Chavas; E. Clément; P. Cocconi; S. Coelli; P. J. Coleman-Smith; A. Colombo; S. Colosimo; C. Commeaux; D. Conventi; R. J. Cooper; A. Corsi; A. Cortesi; L. Costa; F. C. L. Crespi; J. R. Cresswell; D. M. Cullen; D. Curien; A. Czermak; D. Delbourg; R. Depalo; T. Descombes; P. Désesquelles; P. Detistov; C. Diarra; F. Didierjean; M. R. Dimmock; Q. T. Doan; C. Domingo-Pardo; M. Doncel; F. Dorangeville; N. Dosme; Y. Drouen; G. Duchêne; B. Dulny; J. Eberth; P. Edelbruck; J. Egea; T. Engert; M. N. Erduran; S. Ertürk; C. Fanin; S. Fantinel; E. Farnea; T. Faul; M. Filliger; F. Filmer; Ch. Finck; G. de France; A. Gadea; W. Gast; A. Geraci; J. Gerl; R. Gernhäuser; A. Giannatiempo; A. Giaz; L. Gibelin; A. Givechev; N. Goel; V. González; A. Gottardo; X. Grave; J. Gr?bosz; R. Griffiths; A. N. Grint; P. Gros; L. Guevara; M. Gulmini; A. Görgen; H. T. M. Ha; T. Habermann; L. J. Harkness; H. Harroch; K. Hauschild; C. He; A. Hernández-Prieto; B. Hervieu; H. Hess; T. Hüyük; E. Ince; R. Isocrate; G. Jaworski; A. Johnson; J. Jolie; P. Jones; B. Jonson; P. Joshi; D. S. Judson; A. Jungclaus; M. Kaci; N. Karkour; M. Karolak; A. Ka?ka?; M. Kebbiri; R. S. Kempley; A. Khaplanov; S. Klupp; M. Kogimtzis; I. Kojouharov; A. Korichi; W. Korten; Th. Kröll; R. Krücken; N. Kurz; B. Y. Ky; M. Labiche; X. Lafay; L. Lavergne; I. H. Lazarus; S. Leboutelier; F. Lefebvre; E. Legay; L. Legeard; F. Lelli; S. M. Lenzi; S. Leoni; A. Lermitage; D. Lersch; J. Leske; S. C. Letts; S. Lhenoret; R. M. Lieder; D. Linget; J. Ljungvall; A. Lopez-Martens; A. Lotodé; S. Lunardi; A. Maj; J. van der Marel; Y. Mariette; N. Marginean; R. Marginean; G. Maron; A. R. Mather; W. M?czy?ski; V. Mendéz; P. Medina; B. Melon; R. Menegazzo; D. Mengoni; E. Merchan; L. Mihailescu; C. Michelagnoli; J. Mierzejewski; L. Milechina; B. Million; K. Mitev; P. Molini; D. Montanari; S. Moon; F. Morbiducci; R. Moro; P. S. Morrall; O. Möller; A. Nannini; D. R. Napoli; L. Nelson; M. Nespolo; V. L. Ngo; M. Nicoletto; R. Nicolini; Y. Le Noa; P. J. Nolan; M. Norman; J. Nyberg; A. Obertelli; A. Olariu; R. Orlandi; D. C. Oxley; C. Özben; M. Ozille; C. Oziol; E. Pachoud; M. Palacz; J. Palin; J. Pancin; C. Parisel; P. Pariset; G. Pascovici; R. Peghin; L. Pellegri; A. Perego; S. Perrier; M. Petcu; P. Petkov; C. Petrache; E. Pierre; N. Pietralla; S. Pietri; M. Pignanelli; I. Piqueras; Z. Podolyak; P. Le Pouhalec; J. Pouthas; D. Pugnére; V. F. E. Pucknell; A. Pullia; B. Quintana; R. Raine; G. Rainovski; L. Ramina; G. Rampazzo; G. La Rana; M. Rebeschini; F. Recchia; N. Redon; M. Reese; P. Reiter; P. H. Regan; S. Riboldi; M. Richer; M. Rigato; S. Rigby; G. Ripamonti; A. P. Robinson; J. Robin; J. Roccaz; J. -A. Ropert; B. Rossé; C. Rossi Alvarez; D. Rosso; B. Rubio; D. Rudolph; F. Saillant; E. ?ahin; F. Salomon; M. -D. Salsac; J. Salt; G. Salvato; J. Sampson; E. Sanchis; C. Santos; H. Schaffner; M. Schlarb; D. P. Scraggs; D. Seddon; M. ?enyi?it; M. -H. Sigward; G. Simpson; J. Simpson; M. Slee; J. F. Smith; P. Sona; B. Sowicki; P. Spolaore; C. Stahl; T. Stanios; E. Stefanova; O. Stézowski; J. Strachan; G. Suliman; P. -A. Söderström; J. L. Tain; S. Tanguy; S. Tashenov; Ch. Theisen; J. Thornhill; F. Tomasi; N. Toniolo; R. Touzery; B. Travers; A. Triossi; M. Tripon; K. M. M. Tun-Lanoë; M. Turcato; C. Unsworth; C. A. Ur; J. J. Valiente-Dobon; V. Vandone; E. Vardaci; R. Venturelli; F. Veronese; Ch. Veyssiere; E. Viscione; R. Wadsworth; P. M. Walker; N. Warr; C. Weber; D. Weisshaar; D. Wells; O. Wieland; A. Wiens; G. Wittwer; H. J. Wollersheim; F. Zocca; N. V. Zamfir; M. Zi?bli?ski; A. Zucchiatti

    2012-09-17

    The Advanced GAmma Tracking Array (AGATA) is a European project to develop and operate the next generation gamma-ray spectrometer. AGATA is based on the technique of gamma-ray energy tracking in electrically segmented high-purity germanium crystals. This technique requires the accurate determination of the energy, time and position of every interaction as a gamma ray deposits its energy within the detector volume. Reconstruction of the full interaction path results in a detector with very high efficiency and excellent spectral response. The realization of gamma-ray tracking and AGATA is a result of many technical advances. These include the development of encapsulated highly-segmented germanium detectors assembled in a triple cluster detector cryostat, an electronics system with fast digital sampling and a data acquisition system to process the data at a high rate. The full characterization of the crystals was measured and compared with detector-response simulations. This enabled pulse-shape analysis algorithms, to extract energy, time and position, to be employed. In addition, tracking algorithms for event reconstruction were developed. The first phase of AGATA is now complete and operational in its first physics campaign. In the future AGATA will be moved between laboratories in Europe and operated in a series of campaigns to take advantage of the different beams and facilities available to maximize its science output. The paper reviews all the achievements made in the AGATA project including all the necessary infrastructure to operate and support the spectrometer.

  17. Practice Problems: Searching Arrays 0. What must be true of an array before it can be searched using

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yates, Alexander

    -19 -12 4 9 21 22 45 51 99 103 int pos = Arrays.binarySearch(x, 21); int pos = Arrays.binarySearch(x, 51); int pos = Arrays.binarySearch(x, 9); int pos = Arrays.binarySearch(x, -15); array y: 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 "abba" "ccr" "elvis" "gomez" "juno" "mogwai" "prince" "rem" "u2" "who" int pos = Arrays

  18. Graphical methods for evaluating covering arrays

    DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

    Kim, Youngil; Jang, Dae -Heung; Anderson-Cook, Christine M.

    2015-08-10

    Covering arrays relax the condition of orthogonal arrays by only requiring that all combination of levels be covered but not requiring that the appearance of all combination of levels be balanced. This allows for a much larger number of factors to be simultaneously considered but at the cost of poorer estimation of the factor effects. To better understand patterns between sets of columns and evaluate the degree of coverage to compare and select between alternative arrays, we suggest several new graphical methods that show some of the patterns of coverage for different designs. These graphical methods for evaluating covering arraysmore »are illustrated with a few examples.« less

  19. Single-mode deformation via nanoindentation in dc-Si

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Wong, Sherman; Haberl, Bianca; Williams, James S.; Bradby, Jodie E.

    2015-01-01

    The mixture of the metastable body-centered cubic (bc8) and rhombohedral (r8) phases of silicon that is formed via nanoindentation of diamond cubic (dc) silicon exhibits properties that are of scientifc and technological interest. This letter demonstrates that large regions of this mixed phase can be formed in crystalline Si via nanoindentation without signifcant damage to the surrounding crystal. Cross-sectional transmission electron microscopy is used to show that volumes 6 um wide and up to 650 nm deep can be generated in this way using a spherical tip of 21.5 um diameter. The phase transformed region is characterised using both Raman microspectroscopy and transmission electron microscopy. It is found that uniform loading using large spherical indenters can favor phase transformation as the sole deformation mechanism as long as the maximum load is below a critical level. We suggest that the sluggish nature of the transformation from the dc-Si phase to the metallic (b-Sn) phase normally results in competing deformation mechanisms such as slip and cracking but these can be suppressed by controlled loading conditions.

  20. Optimizing Energy Savings from Direct-DC in U.S. Residential Buildings

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Garbesi, Karina

    2012-01-01

    ballast fluorescent and LED lighting, which are DC- internalmotors [7]. Fluorescent and LED lighting uses one-quarter ofbest technology Lighting Incandescent, fluorescent, LED

  1. Harnessing the Power of the Sun, Solar Impulse Plane Lands in DC Area

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)

    Today, Secretary Moniz spoke at an event welcoming the arrival of the solar-powered Solar Impulse plane at Dulles International Airport near Washington, D.C.

  2. Optimizing Energy Savings from Direct-DC in U.S. Residential Buildings

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Garbesi, Karina

    2012-01-01

    motors [7]. Fluorescent and LED lighting uses one-quarter ofballast fluorescent and LED lighting, which are DC- internalbest technology Lighting Incandescent, fluorescent, LED

  3. Optimization of spin-torque switching using AC and DC pulses

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Dunn, Tom [Department of Physics, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, Minnesota 55455 (United States); Kamenev, Alex [Department of Physics, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, Minnesota 55455 (United States); Fine Theoretical Physics Institute, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, Minnesota 55455 (United States)

    2014-06-21

    We explore spin-torque induced magnetic reversal in magnetic tunnel junctions using combined AC and DC spin-current pulses. We calculate the optimal pulse times and current strengths for both AC and DC pulses as well as the optimal AC signal frequency, needed to minimize the Joule heat lost during the switching process. The results of this optimization are compared against numeric simulations. Finally, we show how this optimization leads to different dynamic regimes, where switching is optimized by either a purely AC or DC spin-current, or a combination AC/DC spin-current, depending on the anisotropy energies and the spin-current polarization.

  4. Low-cost laser diode array

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Freitas, B.L.; Skidmore, J.A.

    1999-06-01

    A substrate is used to fabricate a low-cost laser diode array. A substrate is machined from an electrically insulative material that is thermally conductive, or two substrates can be bonded together in which the top substrate is electrically as well as thermally conductive. The substrate thickness is slightly longer than the cavity length, and the width of the groove is wide enough to contain a bar and spring (which secures the laser bar firmly along one face of the groove). The spring also provides electrical continuity from the backside of the bar to the adjacent metalization layer on the laser bar substrate. Arrays containing one or more bars can be formed by creating many grooves at various spacings. Along the groove, many bars can be adjoined at the edges to provide parallel electrical conduction. This architecture allows precise and predictable registration of an array of laser bars to a self-aligned microlens array at low cost. 19 figs.

  5. Low-cost laser diode array

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Freitas, Barry L. (Livermore, CA); Skidmore, Jay A. (Livermore, CA)

    1999-01-01

    A substrate is used to fabricate a low-cost laser diode array. A substrate is machined from an electrically insulative material that is thermally conductive, or two substrates can be bonded together in which the top substrate is electrically as well as thermally conductive. The substrate thickness is slightly longer than the cavity length, and the width of the groove is wide enough to contain a bar and spring (which secures the laser bar firmly along one face of the groove). The spring also provides electrical continuity from the backside of the bar to the adjacent metalization layer on the laser bar substrate. Arrays containing one or more bars can be formed by creating many grooves at various spacings. Along the groove, many bars can be adjoined at the edges to provide parallel electrical conduction. This architecture allows precise and predictable registration of an array of laser bars to a self-aligned microlens array at low cost.

  6. Simulation Methodologies for Satellite Solar Array Dynamics 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mohsenizadeh, Navid

    2010-07-16

    The purpose of the present thesis is to furnish diverse studies on the dynamic response of satellite solar arrays. The term flexible structure or, briefly, structure has different interpretations and definitions, depending ...

  7. Diamond coated silicon field emitter array

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    S. Albin; W. Fu; A. Varghese; A. C. Lavarias; G. R. Myneni

    1999-07-01

    Diamond coated silicon tip arrays, with and without a self-aligned gate, were fabricated, and current-voltage characteristics of 400 tips were measured. Diamond films were grown uniformly on Si tips using microwave plasma after nucleation with 10 nm diamond suspension and substrate bias. An emission current of 57 ?A was obtained at 5 V from the ungated array tips separated from an anode at 2 ?m. In the case of the gated arrays with 1.5 ?m aperture, an emission current of 3.4 ?A was measured at a gate voltage of 80 V for an anode separation of 200 ?m. The turn-on voltages for these two types of devices were 0.2 and 40 V, respectively. Diamond coated Si tip arrays have potential applications in field emission based low voltage vacuum electronic devices and microsensors.

  8. Science with the Murchison Widefield Array

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cappallo, Roger J.

    Significant new opportunities for astrophysics and cosmology have been identified at low radio frequencies. The Murchison Widefield Array is the first telescope in the southern hemisphere designed specifically to explore ...

  9. Density controlled carbon nanotube array electrodes

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Ren, Zhifeng F. (Newton, MA); Tu, Yi (Belmont, MA)

    2008-12-16

    CNT materials comprising aligned carbon nanotubes (CNTs) with pre-determined site densities, catalyst substrate materials for obtaining them and methods for forming aligned CNTs with controllable densities on such catalyst substrate materials are described. The fabrication of films comprising site-density controlled vertically aligned CNT arrays of the invention with variable field emission characteristics, whereby the field emission properties of the films are controlled by independently varying the length of CNTs in the aligned array within the film or by independently varying inter-tubule spacing of the CNTs within the array (site density) are disclosed. The fabrication of microelectrode arrays (MEAs) formed utilizing the carbon nanotube material of the invention is also described.

  10. Electromagnetic formation flight of satellite arrays

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kwon, Daniel W., 1980-

    2005-01-01

    Proposed methods of actuating spacecraft in sparse aperture arrays use propellant as a reaction mass. For formation flying systems, propellant becomes a critical consumable which can be quickly exhausted while maintaining ...

  11. Stimuli-responsive polymer nanotube arrays

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chia, Khek-Khiang

    2011-01-01

    Nanotube arrays, composed of materials such as carbon, titania, and zinc oxide, have shown potential as conductors, energy conversion devices, actuators, and adhesives. Such nanoscale constructs are particularly novel for ...

  12. Electron transport in lead selenide nanocrystal arrays

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Schriver, Maria C

    2005-01-01

    I have investigated electrical properties of arrays of lead selenide (PbSe) nanocrystals (NC's) of approximately 6nm diameter. The films become substantially more conducting when annealed at 400K, although no chemical ...

  13. TRENDS in Biotechnology Arrays per month

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kreil, David

    volumes, and further cost savings can be achieved by discounts from suppliers, for example, for bulk.00 20k oligos valued at £25k, good for 1000 arrays Total £40.00 Table S3. Commercial alternatives to in

  14. Order in vertically aligned carbon nanotube arrays

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Wang, Hsin [ORNL; Xu, Z [Michigan State University, East Lansing; Eres, Gyula [ORNL

    2006-01-01

    We report the direct measurements on the bulk morphology of vertically aligned multiwalled carbon nanotube (CNT) arrays using small angle neutron scattering (SANS). SANS measurements at different heights of CNT arrays corresponding to different stages of the growth reveal increasing alignment order along the thickness and two distinctly different CNT morphologies. The observations suggest that the evolution of the macroscopic CNT morphologies be driven by competing collective growth and spatial constraints.

  15. Nanotube array controlled carbon plasma deposition

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Qian, Shi; Cao, Huiliang; Liu, Xuanyong; Ding, Chuanxian

    2013-06-17

    Finding approaches to control the elementary processes of plasma-solid interactions and direct the fluxes of matter at nano-scales becomes an important aspect in science. This letter reports that, by taking advantages of the spacing characteristics of discrete TiO{sub 2} nanotube arrays, the flying trajectories and the subsequent implantation and deposition manner of energetic carbon ions can be directed and controlled to fabricate hollow conical arrays. The study provides an alternative method for plasma nano-manufacturing.

  16. SECONDARY MINERALS FOUND IN CORES DC2 Al AND DC2 TAKEN FROM THE GRANDE RONDE BASALT FORMATION, PASCO BASIN, WASHINGTON

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Teague, L.S.

    2010-01-01

    of secondary and primary mineral phases in basalts of theB. , 1975. Perched silia minerals on mordenite fibers. Jour.lt;. UC—70 I SECONDARY MINERALS FOUND IN CORES DC2 AI AND

  17. Discharging a DC bus capacitor of an electrical converter system

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Kajouke, Lateef A; Perisic, Milun; Ransom, Ray M

    2014-10-14

    A system and method of discharging a bus capacitor of a bidirectional matrix converter of a vehicle are presented here. The method begins by electrically shorting the AC interface of the converter after an AC energy source is disconnected from the AC interface. The method continues by arranging a plurality of switching elements of a second energy conversion module into a discharge configuration to establish an electrical current path from a first terminal of an isolation module, through an inductive element, and to a second terminal of the isolation module. The method also modulates a plurality of switching elements of a first energy conversion module, while maintaining the discharge configuration of the second energy conversion module, to at least partially discharge a DC bus capacitor.

  18. Thermal cum DC Camouflage in Duet with Undecorated Natural Materials

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yang, Tian-Zhi; Gao, Dongliang; Wu, Linzhi; Li, Baowen; Thong, John T L; Qiu, Cheng-Wei

    2015-01-01

    To manipulate various types of physical signals in one single device has long captivated the attention of scientists and engineers. This however is very challenging, if not impossible, even for emerging metamaterials. Up to date, many artificial materials have been proposed, theoretically and (or) experimentally, for manipulating various waves/signals on a one-function-one-device basis. In this work, for the very first time, we employ undecorated natural materials to experimentally demonstrate a simultaneous camouflage for thermal current and electric dc current on the same device. It demonstrates how ingenuity can overcome the limitations of natural material systems without the need for complex decoration to impart inhomogeneous and (or) anisotropic properties, which was previously considered impossible to accomplish except by using metamaterials.

  19. FLUXCAP: A flux-coupled ac/dc magnetizing device

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gopman, Daniel B; Kent, Andrew D

    2012-01-01

    We report on an instrument for applying ac and dc magnetic fields by capturing the flux from a rotating permanent magnet and projecting it between two adjustable pole pieces. This can be an alternative to standard electromagnets for experiments with small samples or in probe stations in which an applied magnetic field is needed locally, with advantages that include a compact form-factor, very low power requirements and dissipation as well as fast field sweep rates. This flux capture instrument (FLUXCAP) can produce fields from -400 to +400 mT, with field resolution less than 1 mT. It generates static magnetic fields as well as ramped fields, with ramping rates as high as 10 T/s. We demonstrate the use of this apparatus for studying the magnetotransport properties of spin-valve nanopillars, a nanoscale device that exhibits giant magnetoresistance.

  20. Superconducting DC and RF Properties of Ingot Niobium

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Pashupati Dhakal, Gianluigi Ciovati, Peter Kneisel, Ganapati Rao Myneni

    2011-07-01

    The thermal conductivity, DC magnetization and penetration depth of large-grain niobium hollow cylindrical rods fabricated from ingots, manufactured by CBMM subjected to chemical and heat treatment were measured. The results confirm the influence of chemical and heat-treatment processes on the superconducting properties, with no significant dependence on the impurity concentrations in the original ingots. Furthermore, RF properties, such as the surface resistance and quench field of the niobium rods were measured using a TE{sub 011} cavity. The hollow niobium rod is the center conductor of this cavity, converting it to a coaxial cavity. The quench field is limited by the critical heat flux through the rods' cooling channel.

  1. Possible temperature control DC switch effect between two superconductors

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tian De Cao

    2011-08-11

    The lifetime of an electron pair could not be unlimited long, on the basis of this, we suggest a model. The model means that the movements of charge carriers in a superconductor should have three forms: the single-electron movement, the single-pair movement, and the revolving around the mass center of two electrons in a pair. Thus the current in a superconductor has three possible parts. Similarly, there should be three possible effects in a SIS junction: the tunneling of single electron, the tunneling of single pair, and the pair-forming following the pair-breaking. This paper will discuss these problems and present a possible temperature control DC switch effect between two superconductors.

  2. Multi-terminal Subsystem Model Validation for Pacific DC Intertie

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Yang, Bo; Huang, Zhenyu; Kosterev, Dmitry

    2008-07-20

    this paper proposes to validate dynamic model of Pacific DC Intertie with the concept of hybrid simulation by combing simulation with PMU measurements. The Playback function available in GE PSLF is adopted for hybrid simulation. It is demonstrated for the first time the feasibility of using Playback function on multi-terminal subsystem. Sensitivity studies are also presented as a result of common PMU measurement quality problem, ie, offset noise and time synchronization. Results indicate a good tolerance of PDCI model generally. It is recommended that requirements should apply to phasor measurements in model validation work to ensure better analysis. Key parameters are identified based on impact of value change to model behavior. Two events are employed for preliminary model validation with PMU measurements. Suggestions are made for PDCI model validation work in the future.

  3. Effect of DC voltage pulses on memristor behavior.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Evans, Brian R.

    2013-10-01

    Current knowledge of memristor behavior is limited to a few physical models of which little comprehensive data collection has taken place. The purpose of this research is to collect data in search of exploitable memristor behavior by designing and implementing tests on a HP Labs Rev2 Memristor Test Board. The results are then graphed in their optimal format for conceptualizing behavioral patterns. This series of experiments has concluded the existence of an additional memristor state affecting the behavior of memristors when pulsed with positively polarized DC voltages. This effect has been observed across multiple memristors and data sets. The following pages outline the process that led to the hypothetical existence and eventual proof of this additional state of memristor behavior.

  4. Auxiliary quasi-resonant dc tank electrical power converter

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Peng, Fang Z.

    2006-10-24

    An auxiliary quasi-resonant dc tank (AQRDCT) power converter with fast current charging, voltage balancing (or charging), and voltage clamping circuits is provided for achieving soft-switched power conversion. The present invention is an improvement of the invention taught in U.S. Pat. No. 6,111,770, herein incorporated by reference. The present invention provides faster current charging to the resonant inductor, thus minimizing delay time of the pulse width modulation (PWM) due to the soft-switching process. The new AQRDCT converter includes three tank capacitors or power supplies to achieve the faster current charging and minimize the soft-switching time delay. The new AQRDCT converter further includes a voltage balancing circuit to charge and discharge the three tank capacitors so that additional isolated power supplies from the utility line are not needed. A voltage clamping circuit is also included for clamping voltage surge due to the reverse recovery of diodes.

  5. Materials with low DC magnetic susceptibility for sensitive magnetic measurements R. Khatiwada,1, 2, 3,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Materials with low DC magnetic susceptibility for sensitive magnetic measurements R. Khatiwada,1, 2 (Dated: July 1, 2015) Materials with very low DC magnetic susceptibility have many scientific a totally nonmagnetic material. This phrase in our case means after spatially averaging over macroscopic

  6. Nonlinear Dust Acoustic Waves, Shocks and Stationary Structures in a DC Glow Discharge Dusty Plasma

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Merlino, Robert L.

    Nonlinear Dust Acoustic Waves, Shocks and Stationary Structures in a DC Glow Discharge Dusty Plasma drifting dusty plasmas and temporal dust acoustic wave growth Phys. Plasmas 18, 113706 (2011) Modulational;Nonlinear Dust Acoustic Waves, Shocks and Stationary Structures in a DC Glow Discharge Dusty Plasma Robert L

  7. DC WRRC Report No. 178 AN EXPERIMENTAL STUDY OF THE OPTIMAL THICKNESS OF A SAND

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    District of Columbia, University of the

    FILTER WATER QUALITY STRUCTURE July 1994 D.C. Water Resources Research Center University of the District OF THE OPTIMAL THICKNESS OF A SAND LAYER IN A SAND FILTER WATER QUALITY STRUCTURE Submitted by: Farshad Amini THICKNESS OF A SAND LAYER IN A SAND FILTER WATER QUALITY STRUCTURE July 1994 D.C. Water Resources Research

  8. EE443L: Intermediate Control Lab Lab2: Modeling a DC motor

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wedeward, Kevin

    EE443L: Intermediate Control Lab Lab2: Modeling a DC motor Introduction: In this lab we will develop and validate a basic model of a permanent magnet DC motor (Yaskawa Electric, Mini-series, Minertia motor). The specific input/output relationship, which we are interested in determining, is the manner

  9. www.sciencemag.org/cgi/content/full/342/6155/224/DC1 Supplementary Materials for

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    McEuen, Paul L.

    www.sciencemag.org/cgi/content/full/342/6155/224/DC1 Supplementary Materials for Imaging Atomic the following: (available at www.sciencemag.org/cgi/content/full/342/6155/224/DC1) Movies S1 to S5 #12;2 Materials and Methods Transmission electron microscopy (TEM )Imaging Transmission electron microscopy (TEM

  10. Aalborg Universitet Intelligent DC Microgrid Living Laboratories -A Chinese-Danish Project

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Vasquez, Juan Carlos

    Aalborg Universitet Intelligent DC Microgrid Living Laboratories - A Chinese-Danish Project Diaz Microgrid Living Laboratories - A Chinese-Danish Project. In IEEE ICDCM 2015. IEEE Press. General rights.aau.dk on: juli 07, 2015 #12;Intelligent DC Microgrid Living Laboratories - A Chinese-Danish Project Enrique

  11. A Scalable DC Microgrid Architecture for Rural Electrification in Emerging Regions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sanders, Seth

    A Scalable DC Microgrid Architecture for Rural Electrification in Emerging Regions P. Achintya the design and experimental validation of a scalable dc microgrid architecture for rural electrification. The microgrid design has been driven by field data collected from Kenya and India. The salient features

  12. Aalborg Universitet Distributed Consensus-Based Control of Multiple DC-Microgrids Clusters

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Vasquez, Juan Carlos

    Aalborg Universitet Distributed Consensus-Based Control of Multiple DC-Microgrids Clusters Shafiee). Distributed Consensus-Based Control of Multiple DC-Microgrids Clusters. In Proceedings of the 40th Annual.aau.dk on: juli 05, 2015 #12;This document downloaded from www.microgrids.et.aau.dk is a preprint

  13. Zeroing Transformer's DC Current in Resonant Converters with No Series Capacitors

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gertsman, Student Member, IEEE and Sam Ben-Yaakov ,Fellow, IEEE Power Electronics Laboratory Department: www.ee.bgu.ac.il/~pel Abstract - DC current unbalance in the windings of a transformer may initiate the transformer's DC current to zero by correcting the asymmetry of the drive. This balancing control

  14. Aalborg Universitet Distributed Bus Signaling Control for a DC Charging Station with Multi Paralleled

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Vasquez, Juan Carlos

    been reported in order to verify the validity of proposed approach. Keywords--EV charging; flywheelAalborg Universitet Distributed Bus Signaling Control for a DC Charging Station with Multi., & Savaghebi, M. (2015). Distributed Bus Signaling Control for a DC Charging Station with Multi Paralleled

  15. Genomic Plasticity Enables Phenotypic Variation of Pseudomonas syringae pv. tomato DC3000

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Myers, Chris

    Genomic Plasticity Enables Phenotypic Variation of Pseudomonas syringae pv. tomato DC3000 Zhongmeng of a genomic anomaly in the region of 4.7 to 4.9 Mb of the Pseudomonas syringae pv. tomato (Pst) DC3000 genome in P. syringae. Citation: Bao Z, Stodghill PV, Myers CR, Lam H, Wei H-L, et al. (2014) Genomic

  16. The Data Center (DC) Genome project is a collaborative effort with Microsoft Research

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Amir, Yair

    DC Genome The Data Center (DC) Genome project is a collaborative effort with Microsoft Research the efficiency of data center operations and thus minimize their environmental impact. Data center energy about carbon footprints and climate change. Lack of visibility into the data center's operating

  17. DC Discharge Studies Using PIC-MCC Jeff Hammel and John Verboncoeur

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wurtele, Jonathan

    DC Discharge Studies Using PIC-MCC Jeff Hammel and John Verboncoeur March 31, 2004 1 Introduction (PIC-MCC) method. PIC-MCC is used to accurately model kinetic processes present in DC discharges PIC. Cross-validation of PIC-MCC simulation and analysis may be used to improved both computational

  18. D.C. Community Comes Together in the Name of Sustainability, Affordability

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The New School for Design and Stevens Institute of Technology 2011 Solar Decathlon team is partnering with D.C. community members and Habitat for Humanity to build an energy efficient home that will be moved to the Deanwood neighborhood of Washington, D.C. following the competition.

  19. Reid Rosnick/DC/USEPA/US 10/25/2012 11:54 AM

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Management and Regulations Washington, DC phone: 202-343-9186 email: egidi.philip@epa.gov cell: 970 Washington, DC phone: 202-343-9186 email: egidi.philip@epa.gov cell: 970-209-2885 Reid Rosnick---10! ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------ -------- Reid J. Rosnick Radiation Protection Division (6608J) U.S. Environmental Protection Agency 1200

  20. Parametric Study of PV Arc-Fault Generation Methods and Analysis of Conducted DC Spectrum

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Parametric Study of PV Arc-Fault Generation Methods and Analysis of Conducted DC Spectrum Jay photovoltaic (PV) direct current (DC) arc- fault detectors use the frequency content of the PV system to detect by different PV arcs in the field. In this investigation, we (a) discuss the differences in establishing

  1. Adaptive Selective Harmonic Minimization Based on ANNs for Cascade Multilevel Inverters With Varying DC Sources

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Filho, Faete [ORNL; Maia, Helder Z [UFMS, Department of Electrical Engineering; Mateus, Tiago Henrique D [ORNL; Ozpineci, Burak [ORNL; Tolbert, Leon M [ORNL; Pinto, Joao Onofre P [ORNL

    2013-01-01

    A new approach for modulation of an 11-level cascade multilevel inverter using selective harmonic elimination is presented in this paper. The dc sources feeding the multilevel inverter are considered to be varying in time, and the switching angles are adapted to the dc source variation. This method uses genetic algorithms to obtain switching angles offline for different dc source values. Then, artificial neural networks are used to determine the switching angles that correspond to the real-time values of the dc sources for each phase. This implies that each one of the dc sources of this topology can have different values at any time, but the output fundamental voltage will stay constant and the harmonic content will still meet the specifications. The modulating switching angles are updated at each cycle of the output fundamental voltage. This paper gives details on the method in addition to simulation and experimental results.

  2. Process for forming transparent aerogel insulating arrays

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Tewari, P.H.; Hunt, A.J.

    1985-09-04

    An improved supercritical drying process for forming transparent silica aerogel arrays is described. The process is of the type utilizing the steps of hydrolyzing and condensing aloxides to form alcogels. A subsequent step removes the alcohol to form aerogels. The improvement includes the additional step, after alcogels are formed, of substituting a solvent, such as CO/sub 2/, for the alcohol in the alcogels, the solvent having a critical temperature less than the critical temperature of the alcohol. The resulting gels are dried at a supercritical temperature for the selected solvent, such as CO/sub 2/, to thereby provide a transparent aerogel array within a substantially reduced (days-to-hours) time period. The supercritical drying occurs at about 40/sup 0/C instead of at about 270/sup 0/C. The improved process provides increased yields of large scale, structurally sound arrays. The transparent aerogel array, formed in sheets or slabs, as made in accordance with the improved process, can replace the air gap within a double glazed window, for example, to provide a substantial reduction in heat transfer. The thus formed transparent aerogel arrays may also be utilized, for example, in windows of refrigerators and ovens, or in the walls and doors thereof or as the active material in detectors for analyzing high energy elementary particles or cosmic rays.

  3. Silicon ball grid array chip carrier

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Palmer, David W. (Albuquerque, NM); Gassman, Richard A. (Greensboro, NC); Chu, Dahwey (Albuquerque, NM)

    2000-01-01

    A ball-grid-array integrated circuit (IC) chip carrier formed from a silicon substrate is disclosed. The silicon ball-grid-array chip carrier is of particular use with ICs having peripheral bond pads which can be reconfigured to a ball-grid-array. The use of a semiconductor substrate such as silicon for forming the ball-grid-array chip carrier allows the chip carrier to be fabricated on an IC process line with, at least in part, standard IC processes. Additionally, the silicon chip carrier can include components such as transistors, resistors, capacitors, inductors and sensors to form a "smart" chip carrier which can provide added functionality and testability to one or more ICs mounted on the chip carrier. Types of functionality that can be provided on the "smart" chip carrier include boundary-scan cells, built-in test structures, signal conditioning circuitry, power conditioning circuitry, and a reconfiguration capability. The "smart" chip carrier can also be used to form specialized or application-specific ICs (ASICs) from conventional ICs. Types of sensors that can be included on the silicon ball-grid-array chip carrier include temperature sensors, pressure sensors, stress sensors, inertia or acceleration sensors, and/or chemical sensors. These sensors can be fabricated by IC processes and can include microelectromechanical (MEM) devices.

  4. Process for forming transparent aerogel insulating arrays

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Tewari, Param H.; Hunt, Arlon J.

    1986-01-01

    An improved supercritical drying process for forming transparent silica aerogel arrays is described. The process is of the type utilizing the steps of hydrolyzing and condensing aloxides to form alcogels. A subsequent step removes the alcohol to form aerogels. The improvement includes the additional step, after alcogels are formed, of substituting a solvent, such as CO.sub.2, for the alcohol in the alcogels, the solvent having a critical temperature less than the critical temperature of the alcohol. The resulting gels are dried at a supercritical temperature for the selected solvent, such as CO.sub.2, to thereby provide a transparent aerogel array within a substantially reduced (days-to-hours) time period. The supercritical drying occurs at about 40.degree. C. instead of at about 270.degree. C. The improved process provides increased yields of large scale, structurally sound arrays. The transparent aerogel array, formed in sheets or slabs, as made in accordance with the improved process, can replace the air gap within a double glazed window, for example, to provide a substantial reduction in heat transfer. The thus formed transparent aerogel arrays may also be utilized, for example, in windows of refrigerators and ovens, or in the walls and doors thereof or as the active material in detectors for analyzing high energy elementry particles or cosmic rays.

  5. Narrating Washington, D.C. from the Margins: Urban Space and Cultural Identity in "Lost in the City" and "The Beautiful Things that Heaven Bears"

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Brown, Jessica M

    2011-01-01

    and Urban Space in Washington, D.C. Chicago: University ofBrookings Institution. Washington, D.C. Gillette, Howard Jr.of Urban Policy in Washington, D.C. (2006). Baltimore: The

  6. Proceedings of WindPower 95, AWEA, Washington, D.C., 1995. FATIGUE DAMAGE ESTIMATE COMPARISONS FOR

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Proceedings of WindPower 95, AWEA, Washington, D.C., 1995. FATIGUE DAMAGE ESTIMATE COMPARISONS," Proceedings of WindPower `95, AWEA, Washington, DC, March, 1995, pp. 177-186. * This work is supported

  7. Insertion sequence 5 at various upstream locations of the flhDC operon causes Escherichia coli hyper motility

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wang, Jing

    2010-01-01

    locations of the flhDC operon causes Escherichia coli Hyperlocations of the PflhDC operon causes Escherichia coli Hyperof the transposing segment causes the formation of co-

  8. CURRENT LOS ALAMOS SFERIC ARRAY STUDIES

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Heavner, M.J.; Smith, D.A.; Harlin, J.

    2000-10-01

    An array of fast electric-field-change sensors has been operated in New Mexico, Texas, Florida, and Nebraska during 1998--2000 to improve identification of lightning processes responsible for VHF and optical signals detected by the FORTE satellite. Differential time of arrival methods are used to provide gee-locations of events from multi-station observations. A comparison of two dimensional location from the steric array and the National Lightning Detection Network operated by Global Atmospherics, Inc. is presented. Also, the time differences of multiple paths of the lightning signals to a station due to ionospheric reflection can be used to determine the altitude of a temporally narrow event. We present altitude determination of Compact Intracloud Discharges observed by the steric array and compare with the Kennedy Space Center Lightning Detection and Ranging (LDAR) system in Florida.

  9. Terabyte IDE RAID-5 Disk Arrays

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    D. A. Sanders; L. M. Cremaldi; V. Eschenburg; R. Godang; C. N. Lawrence; C. Riley; D. J. Summers; D. L. Petravick

    2003-06-04

    High energy physics experiments are currently recording large amounts of data and in a few years will be recording prodigious quantities of data. New methods must be developed to handle this data and make analysis at universities possible. We examine some techniques that exploit recent developments in commodity hardware. We report on tests of redundant arrays of integrated drive electronics (IDE) disk drives for use in offline high energy physics data analysis. IDE redundant array of inexpensive disks (RAID) prices now are less than the cost per terabyte of million-dollar tape robots! The arrays can be scaled to sizes affordable to institutions without robots and used when fast random access at low cost is important.

  10. Method of fabricating a solar cell array

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Lazzery, Angelo G. (Oaklyn, NJ); Crouthamel, Marvin S. (Pennsauken, NJ); Coyle, Peter J. (Oaklyn, NJ)

    1982-01-01

    A first set of pre-tabbed solar cells are assembled in a predetermined array with at least part of each tab facing upward, each tab being fixed to a bonding pad on one cell and abutting a bonding pad on an adjacent cell. The cells are held in place with a first vacuum support. The array is then inverted onto a second vacuum support which holds the tabs firmly against the cell pads they abut. The cells are exposed to radiation to melt and reflow the solder pads for bonding the tab portions not already fixed to bonding pads to these pads.

  11. Process for forming transparent aerogel insulating arrays

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Tewari, P.H.; Hunt, A.J.

    1986-09-09

    This patent describes a drying process for forming transparent aerogel insulating arrays of the type utilizing the steps of hydrolyzing and condensing alkoxides to form alcogels, and subsequently removing the alcohol therefrom to form aerogels, the improvement comprising the additional step, after alcogels are formed, of substituting a solvent having a critical temperature less than the critical temperature of the alcohol for the alcohol in the alcogels, and drying the resulting gels at a supercritical temperature for the solvent, to thereby provide a transparent aerogel array within a substantially reduced drying time period.

  12. 1620 IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON POWER DELIVERY, VOL. 27, NO. 3, JULY 2012 Hybrid AC/DC Transmission Expansion Planning

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fu, Yong

    1620 IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON POWER DELIVERY, VOL. 27, NO. 3, JULY 2012 Hybrid AC/DC Transmission--This paper proposes a hybrid algorithm for the ac/dc transmission expansion planning (TEP). The stochastic simulation method would consider random outages of generating units and ac/dc transmission lines as well

  13. Nanotubular metalinsulatormetal capacitor arrays for energy storage

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rubloff, Gary W.

    Nanotubular metal­insulator­metal capacitor arrays for energy storage Parag Banerjee1,2 , Israel be possible to scale devices fabricated with this approach to make viable energy storage systems that provide, with speeds limited only by external circuit RCs. However, energy storage is limited because only surface

  14. A Connecticut jury array challenge David Pollard

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pollard, David

    A Connecticut jury array challenge by David Pollard Yale University david.pollard@yale.edu http a detailed statistical study of the system used for summon- sing jurors to serve in the State of Connecticut's Superior Courts. The study was made at the request of the Connecticut Public Defender's Office, to provide

  15. A Very Low-Luminosity, Very Cool, DC White Dwarf

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hugh Harris; Conard Dahn; Frederick Vrba; Arne Henden; James Liebert; Gary Schmidt; Neill Reid

    1999-06-03

    The star LHS 3250 is found to be a white dwarf at a distance of 30 pc. Its absolute magnitudes (M_V = 15.72; M_bol = 16.2) put it among the least-luminous white dwarfs known. Its optical spectrum shows no features, indicating it has a DC classification, and it shows no detectable polarization, indicating it does not have a very strong magnetic field. However, its broadband colors show it to have a unique spectral energy distribution, and it stands out from all other stars in BVI and other broadband photometric surveys. We discuss these properties, and conclude that LHS 3250 must be an extremely cool white dwarf with strong collision-induced absorption at red-infrared wavelengths from molecular hydrogen, in accord with models for very cool white dwarf atmospheres. If so, it is the first such star known, and the first star to provide observational evidence supporting these models. It suggests that other very cool white dwarfs, both halo white dwarfs and the oldest disk white dwarfs, also may have colors affected by similar absorption. The atmospheric composition of LHS 3250 is not known, and therefore its temperature is poorly determined. It may be a helium-core star with a mass 0.3-0.45 M_solar and a product of mass-transfer in a close binary system. However, until its temperature is better known, its mass and age remain uncertain.

  16. ARRAYS OF BOTTLES OF PLUTONIUM NITRATE SOLUTION

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Margaret A. Marshall

    2012-09-01

    In October and November of 1981 thirteen approaches-to-critical were performed on a remote split table machine (RSTM) in the Critical Mass Laboratory of Pacific Northwest Laboratory (PNL) in Richland, Washington using planar arrays of polyethylene bottles filled with plutonium (Pu) nitrate solution. Arrays of up to sixteen bottles were used to measure the critical number of bottles and critical array spacing with a tight fitting Plexiglas® reflector on all sides of the arrays except the top. Some experiments used Plexiglas shells fitted around each bottles to determine the effect of moderation on criticality. Each bottle contained approximately 2.4 L of Pu(NO3)4 solution with a Pu content of 105 g Pu/L and a free acid molarity H+ of 5.1. The plutonium was of low 240Pu (2.9 wt.%) content. These experiments were sponsored by Rockwell Hanford Operations because of the lack of experimental data on the criticality of arrays of bottles of Pu solution such as might be found in storage and handling at the Purex Facility at Hanford. The results of these experiments were used “to provide benchmark data to validate calculational codes used in criticality safety assessments of [the] plant configurations” (Ref. 1). Data for this evaluation were collected from the published report (Ref. 1), the approach to critical logbook, the experimenter’s logbook, and communication with the primary experimenter, B. Michael Durst. Of the 13 experiments preformed 10 were evaluated. One of the experiments was not evaluated because it had been thrown out by the experimenter, one was not evaluated because it was a repeat of another experiment and the third was not evaluated because it reported the critical number of bottles as being greater than 25. Seven of the thirteen evaluated experiments were determined to be acceptable benchmark experiments. A similar experiment using uranyl nitrate was benchmarked as U233-SOL-THERM-014.

  17. Synthetic Aperture Digital Beamsteering Array for Global Positioning System Interference Mitigation: A Study on Array Topology 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Harms, Joel K

    2014-05-20

    The Global Positioning System (GPS) satellite navigation system is deeply intertwined with civilian everyday life. Unfortunately for the civilians that use the system, the GPS system is vulnerable to external interference. Antenna arrays...

  18. Multiobjective optimization of a radio telescope array with site constraints

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cohanim, Babak, 1980-

    2004-01-01

    The next generation of radio telescope interferometric arrays requires careful design of the array configuration to optimize the performance and minimize the cost of the overall system while adhering to site constraints. ...

  19. A Digital Microphone Array for Distant Speech Recognition 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zwyssig, Erich; Lincoln, Mike; Renals, Steve

    2010-01-01

    In this paper, the design, implementation and testing of a digital microphone array is presented. The array uses digital MEMS microphones which integrate the microphone, amplifier and analogue to digital converter on a single chip in place...

  20. Geophysical inversion with adaptive array processing of ambient noise

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Traer, James

    2011-01-01

    array, (b) SHARK array and (c) HRV seismic station. SWAMI52SHARK data from Aug 25– Sep 19 and HRV data from Aug 23–Sepbroadband seismic data from the HRV (Harvard) station in

  1. Adaptive array antenna design for wireless communication systems 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Noordin, Nurul Hazlina

    2013-11-28

    Adaptive array antennas use has been limited to non-commercial applications due to their high cost and hardware complexity. The implementation cost of adaptive array antennas can be kept to a minimum by using cost effective ...

  2. Parallel Access of Out-Of-Core Dense Extendible Arrays

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Otoo, Ekow J

    2009-01-01

    extendible array allocation function and formalize theSome Allocation Schemes for Arrays The mapping function forAn allocation scheme based on the Z-order mapping function

  3. Design and analysis of a two-dimensional camera array

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yang, Jason C. (Jason Chieh-Sheng), 1977-

    2005-01-01

    I present the design and analysis of a two-dimensional camera array for virtual studio applications. It is possible to substitute conventional cameras and motion control devices with a real-time, light field camera array. ...

  4. HEXAGONAL ARRAY STRUCTURE FOR 2D NDE APPLICATIONS

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Dziewierz, J.; Ramadas, S. N.; Gachagan, A.; O'Leary, R. L. [Centre for Ultrasonic Engineering, Department of Electronic and Electrical Engineering, University of Strathclyde, Glasgow, G1 1XW (United Kingdom)

    2010-02-22

    This paper describes a combination of simulation and experimentation to evaluate the advantages offered by utilizing a hexagonal shaped array element in a 2D NDE array structure. The active material is a 1-3 connectivity piezoelectric composite structure incorporating triangular shaped pillars--each hexagonal array element comprising six triangular pillars. A combination of PZFlex, COMSOL and Matlab has been used to simulate the behavior of this device microstructure, for operation around 2.25 MHz, with unimodal behavior and low levels of mechanical cross-coupling predicted. Furthermore, the application of hexagonal array elements enables the array aperture to increase by approximately 30%, compared to a conventional orthogonal array matrix and hence will provide enhanced volumetric coverage and SNR. Prototype array configurations demonstrate good corroboration of the theoretically predicted mechanical cross-coupling between adjacent array elements (approx23 dB).

  5. Imaging the Coso geothermal area crustal structure with an array...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    crustal structure with an array of high-density mini-arrays Abstract Advances in passive seismic data collecting and processing have produced higher resolution images of the crust...

  6. Energy localization in nonlinear fiber arrays: Collapse-effect compressor

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Aceves, A.B.; Luther, G.G.; De Angelis, C.; Turitsyn, S.K.

    1995-07-03

    We analyze a collapse mechanism of energy localization in nonlinear fiber arrays. The nonlinear fiber array is suggested as a device to amplify and compress optical pulses. Pulse propagation in one-dimensional fiber arrays has features of collapse (self-focusing) dynamics. Collapse-type compression leads to the localization of all energy initially dispersed in array into a few fibers. Numerical simulations demonstrate the robustness of the suggested compression mechanism.

  7. DC Pro Software Tool Suite, Data Center Fact Sheet, Industrial Technologies Program

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    2009-04-01

    This fact sheet describes how DOE's Data Center Energy Profiler (DC Pro) Software Tool Suite and other resources can help U.S. companies identify ways to improve the efficiency of their data centers.

  8. DC-OPF Formulation with Price-Sensitive Demand Bids Junjie Sun and Leigh Tesfatsion

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tesfatsion, Leigh

    DC-OPF Formulation with Price-Sensitive Demand Bids Junjie Sun and Leigh Tesfatsion Last Revised (TNCS) subject to various transmission constraints. As explained at length in Sun and Tesfation (2007

  9. ReHABit : claiming endangered structures in Washington DC to rethink subsidized housing

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fowlkes, Catherine Kuhnle

    2007-01-01

    There is an affordable housing crisis today in Washington D.C. that is the result of a uniquely complicated history of a capital city and a current economic boom. This thesis responds to that crisis by proposing a new ...

  10. Dielectric relaxation and conduction in SrTiO{sub 3} thin films under dc bias

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ang, Chen; Yu, Zhi; Cross, L. E.; Guo, Ruyan; Bhalla, A. S.

    2001-08-06

    The dielectric and conduction behavior of SrTiO{sub 3} thin films deposited on a SrTiO{sub 3} single-crystal substrate is studied. Without dc bias, an obvious dielectric 'defect mode' in the dielectric loss is observed in the temperature range of {approx}100--200 K; however, no noticeable corresponding dielectric constant peak is observed. By applying a high dc bias ({>=}40 kV/cm), a dielectric constant peak with frequency dispersion appears in the same temperature range, the dielectric loss is increased, and simultaneously high dc conduction is observed. The induced dielectric constant peak is related to dc conduction and attributed to the coupling effect of the mobile carriers with the dielectric defect mode. {copyright} 2001 American Institute of Physics.

  11. DC power transmission from the Leningradskaya Nuclear Power Plant to Vyborg

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Koshcheev, L. A.; Shul'ginov, N. G.

    2011-05-15

    DC power transmission from the Leningradskaya Nuclear Power Plant (LAES) to city of Vyborg is proposed. This will provide a comprehensive solution to several important problems in the development and control of the unified power system (EES) of Russia.

  12. New AC-DC Power Factor Correction Architecture Suitable for High Frequency Operation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lim, Seungbum

    This paper presents a novel ac-dc power factor correction (PFC) power conversion architecture for single-phase grid interface. The proposed architecture has significant advantages for achieving high efficiency, good power ...

  13. Vehicle Technologies Office Merit Review 2014: High Performance DC Bus Film Capacitor

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)

    Presentation given by GE Global Research at 2014 DOE Hydrogen and Fuel Cells Program and Vehicle Technologies Office Annual Merit Review and Peer Evaluation Meeting about high performance DC bus...

  14. Vehicle Technologies Office Merit Review 2015: High Performance DC Bus Film Capacitor

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)

    Presentation given by GE Global Research at 2015 DOE Hydrogen and Fuel Cells Program and Vehicle Technologies Office Annual Merit Review and Peer Evaluation Meeting about high performance DC bus...

  15. Multilevel-Dc-Bus Inverter For Providing Sinusoidal And Pwm Electrical Machine Voltages

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Su, Gui-Jia [Knoxville, TN

    2005-11-29

    A circuit for controlling an ac machine comprises a full bridge network of commutation switches which are connected to supply current for a corresponding voltage phase to the stator windings, a plurality of diodes, each in parallel connection to a respective one of the commutation switches, a plurality of dc source connections providing a multi-level dc bus for the full bridge network of commutation switches to produce sinusoidal voltages or PWM signals, and a controller connected for control of said dc source connections and said full bridge network of commutation switches to output substantially sinusoidal voltages to the stator windings. With the invention, the number of semiconductor switches is reduced to m+3 for a multi-level dc bus having m levels. A method of machine control is also disclosed.

  16. Development and evaluation of an implantable chronic DC stimulation and measurement probe for nerve regeneration studies 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Macha, Douglas Bryan

    1995-01-01

    isotropic. The actual field strength or current density induced by the applied current is seldom directly measured in-vivo. This research seeks to evaluate the design of an implantable DC stimulator capable of delivering a constant, stable and measurable...

  17. DC Discharge Studies Using PIC-MCC: PIC Simulations Jeff Hammel & John Verboncoeur

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wurtele, Jonathan

    DC Discharge Studies Using PIC-MCC: PIC Simulations Jeff Hammel & John Verboncoeur Electronics PIC Simulations (XPDP1) XPDP1, a 1D-3V PIC-MCC code (Verboncoeur et al., 1993), was used to simu- late

  18. Modeling of D/C motor driven synthetic jet acutators for flow separation control 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Balasubramanian, Ashwin Kumar

    2004-11-15

    The objective of this research is to present a theoretical study of the compressibility effects on the performance of an electric D/C motor driven synthetic jet actuator for flow separation control. Hot wire anemometer experiments were conducted...

  19. Low speed control of a DC motor driving a mechanical system with fuzzy adaptive compensation 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hyun, Dongyoon

    1997-01-01

    A fuzzy adaptive feedforward control scheme in conjunction with classical feedback control is proposed for the low speed control of DC motors driving mechanical systems in the presence of friction. In the fuzzy adaptive scheme, a fuzzy logic based...

  20. Grid Modernization Highlighted in Washington DC in September with the Solar Decathlon

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Smart Grid is on display at the U.S. Department of Energy 2011 Solar Decathlon, held September 23 through October 2 on the National Mall, West Potomac Park, Washington, DC.  The decathlon...

  1. Area Efficient D/A Converters For Accurate DC Operation Brandon Royce Greenley

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Moon, Un-Ku

    . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 49 6.2 Mismatch Modeling For Area Optimization . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 51 6Area Efficient D/A Converters For Accurate DC Operation by Brandon Royce Greenley A THESIS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 42 5.1 Measurement Setup

  2. Assessment of Soil Erosion at a DC Park Facility Spring Valley Park

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    District of Columbia, University of the

    park for the pilot assessment study. Failure to control erosion caused by the runoff of rain water can of Columbia Date: May 2005 Prepared for the DC Water Resources Research Institute Funded by USGS through

  3. ALSEP Array E Component Non-Operating Vibration Specifications

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rathbun, Julie A.

    ALSEP Array E Component Non-Operating Vibration Specifications INO. ATM-964 1 REV. NO. OF 6 IPAGE DATE 2/2/71 This memorandum defines the non-operating vibration specifications for the ALSEP Array E experiments and other major subsystems. : #12;NO. R"EV. NO. ALSEP Array E Component Non-Operating Vibration

  4. ACOUSTIC WAVE TRAPPING IN ONE-DIMENSIONAL AXISYMMETRIC ARRAYS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    ACOUSTIC WAVE TRAPPING IN ONE- DIMENSIONAL AXISYMMETRIC ARRAYS by M. MCIVER (Department of the wave numbers of Rayleigh-Bloch modes for an array of circular plates. An integral equation for the acoustic wave-field in the neighbourhood of such an array is obtained and solved with the use of a Galerkin

  5. Electromagnetic guided waves on linear arrays of spheres

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Electromagnetic guided waves on linear arrays of spheres C M Linton, V Zalipaev, and I Thompson electromagnetic waves propagating along one-dimensional arrays of dielec- tric spheres are studied. The quasi. There have been previous studies of electromagnetic surface waves guided by periodic arrays, but these have

  6. TheSquareKilometreArray ProjectDescriptionforAstro2010

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Groppi, Christopher

    TheSquareKilometreArray ProjectDescriptionforAstro2010 ResponsetoProgramPrioritizationPanels 1Campbell,Director,NAIC FredLo,Director,NRAO #12;1 Summary The Square Kilometre Array (SKA) is a revolutionary telescope for phased deployment. Phase 1 comprising low-and-mid frequency arrays will be funding-ready early next

  7. Layout Transformation Support for the Disk Resident Arrays Framework

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Krishnamoorthy, Sriram; Baumgartner, Gerald; Lam, Chi-Chung; Nieplocha, Jarek; Sadayappan, Ponnuswamy

    2006-05-15

    Global Arrays coupled with Disk Resident Arrays provides a convenient programming model that encourages locality-aware programming while providing high-level abstractions. This paper discusses the addition of layout transformation support to Disk Resident Arrays. Experimental performance data is provide that demonstrates the effectiveness of proposed functionality.

  8. An array of low-background 3 He proportional counters

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    An array of low-background 3 He proportional counters for the Sudbury Neutrino Observatory J. F-current sensitivity of the SNO detector. This array consisted of 36 strings of proportional counters filled measurements. The proportional counter diameter is 5 cm. The total deployed array length was 398 m. The SNO NCD

  9. Method for replicating an array of nucleic acid probes

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Cantor, C.R.; Przetakiewicz, M.; Smith, C.L.; Sano, T.

    1998-08-18

    The invention relates to the replication of probe arrays and methods for replicating arrays of probes which are useful for the large scale manufacture of diagnostic aids used to screen biological samples for specific target sequences. Arrays created using PCR technology may comprise probes with 5{prime}- and/or 3{prime}-overhangs. 16 figs.

  10. Geometrically Decoupled Phased Array Coils for Mouse Imaging 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bhatia, Sahil

    2010-07-14

    Phased array surface coils offer high SNR over a large field of view. Phased array volume coils have high SNR at the surface and centre of the volume. Most array coil designs typically employ a combination of geometrical and additional techniques...

  11. Gaseous and particulate emissions from a DC arc melter

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Overcamp, T.J.; Speer, M.P.; Griner, S.J.; Cash, D.M. [Clemson Univ., Anderson, SC (United States)

    1997-12-31

    This paper presents the results of the gaseous and particulate emissions from eight experimental tests of a DC arc melter to treat simulated Savannah River soils contaminated with metals, surrogates for radionuclides, and organic debris. The gaseous analyses reported on the concentrations of oxygen, hydrogen, carbon monoxide, carbon dioxide, hydrogen, methane, nitric oxide, and nitrogen dioxide. The carbon dioxide concentration was high for all runs. For the runs with an air purge, the carbon monoxide concentration ranged up to 10% in the runs with the debris and 2% in the runs without debris. Hydrogen ranged up to 5% by with debris and up to 1% without debris. The methane concentration ranged up to 7,000 ppm{sub v} for the runs with debris and 2,000 ppm for the runs without debris. With a nitrogen purge, oxygen concentrations were less than 1%. The carbon dioxide concentrations ranged from 3 to 15%. Much of this carbon dioxide was probably due the carbonates added to the feed material. The carbon monoxide concentration ranged up to 20% with the debris and 7% without debris. Hydrogen was above 6% in with debris and up to 6% without debris. The methane concentration ranged up to 10,000 ppm{sub v} with debris and 4,000 ppm{sub v} without debris. The particulate concentrations exiting ranged from 32 to 145 g/m{sup 3}. From the chemical analyses, the primary elements were silicon and calcium. The CHN analyses indicated that carbon, probably as carbonates, are an additional component in the particulate matter. The estimated emissions were at a level of 3% or less for cerium, up to 7% for nickel, and 11 to 30% for cesium.

  12. The Low-Frequency ArrayThe Low-Frequency Array HeinoHeino FalckeFalcke

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Meyer-Vernet, Nicole

    LOFARLOFAR The Low-Frequency ArrayThe Low-Frequency Array HeinoHeino FalckeFalcke LOFAR of the Netherlands plus Germany · Frequencies: 30 - 240 MHz · 10% Square Kilometer Array (SKA) prototype at low Falcke et al. (2005), Nature, Vol. 435, p. 313 #12;Low-Frequency Observations of the Moon · Lunar radio

  13. Microlens frames for laser diode arrays

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Skidmore, J.A.; Freitas, B.L.

    1999-07-13

    Monolithic microlens frames enable the fabrication of monolithic laser diode arrays and are manufactured inexpensively with high registration, and with inherent focal length compensation for any lens diameter variation. A monolithic substrate is used to fabricate a low-cost microlens array. The substrate is wet-etched or sawed with a series of v-grooves. The v-grooves can be created by wet-etching, by exploiting the large etch-rate selectivity of different crystal planes. The v-grooves provide a support frame for either cylindrical or custom-shaped microlenses. Because the microlens frames are formed by photolithographic semiconductor batch-processing techniques, they can be formed inexpensively over large areas with precise lateral and vertical registration. The v-groove has an important advantage for preserving the correct focus for lenses of varying diameter. 12 figs.

  14. Integrated field emission array for ion desorption

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Resnick, Paul J; Hertz, Kristin L; Holland, Christopher; Chichester, David; Schwoebel, Paul

    2013-09-17

    An integrated field emission array for ion desorption includes an electrically conductive substrate; a dielectric layer lying over the electrically conductive substrate comprising a plurality of laterally separated cavities extending through the dielectric layer; a like plurality of conically-shaped emitter tips on posts, each emitter tip/post disposed concentrically within a laterally separated cavity and electrically contacting the substrate; and a gate electrode structure lying over the dielectric layer, including a like plurality of circular gate apertures, each gate aperture disposed concentrically above an emitter tip/post to provide a like plurality of annular gate electrodes and wherein the lower edge of each annular gate electrode proximate the like emitter tip/post is rounded. Also disclosed herein are methods for fabricating an integrated field emission array.

  15. A laser-programmable gate array 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gullette, James Benjamin

    1985-01-01

    process with double layer polysilicon, typicaHy used for capacitors, and single layer metal. The laser techniques used to program the devices were the interconnection of the over- lapping polysilicon layers and the cutting of metal and polysilicon links... Array The VLSI program at Texas A&M University was provided with a standard double-poly N-channel Metal Oxide Semiconductor (NMOS) process. It has been found that certain laser personalization techniques for creating and deleting con- nections...

  16. Microhole Arrays / FLASH | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious RankADVANCED MANUFACTURING OFFICESpecial ReportProposal toDepartment ofEnergyMicrohole Arrays / FLASH

  17. Abstract--A novel control scheme for improving the power efficiency of low-voltage DC-DC converters for battery-powered,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rincon-Mora, Gabriel A.

    -DC converters for battery-powered, portable applications is presented. In such applications, light- load efficiency is crucial for extending battery life, since mobile devices operate in stand-by mode for most-of-the-art techniques. As a result, the battery life in a typical DSP microprocessor application is improved by 7

  18. Bipolar battery with array of sealed cells

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Kaun, Thomas D. (New Lenox, IL); Smaga, John A. (Lemont, IL)

    1987-01-01

    A lithium alloy/metal sulfide battery as a dipolar battery is disclosed with an array of stacked cells with the anode and cathode electrode materials in each cell sealed in a confining structure and separated from one another except across separator material interposed therebetween. The separator material is contained in a module having separate perforated metallic sheets that sandwich opposite sides of the separator material for the cell and an annular insulating spacer that surrounds the separator material beyond the perforations and is also sandwiched between and sealed to the sheets. The peripheral edges of the sheets project outwardly beyond the spacer, traverse the side edges of the adjacent electrode material to form cup-like electrode holders, and are fused to the adjacent current collector or end face members of the array. Electrolyte is infused into the electrolyte cavity through the perforations of one of the metallic sheets with the perforations also functioning to allow ionic conductance across the separator material between the adjacent electrodes. A gas-tight housing provides an enclosure of the array.

  19. HAWC Upgrade with a Sparse Outrigger Array

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sandoval, A

    2015-01-01

    The High Altitude Water Cherenkov (HAWC) high-energy gamma-ray observatory has recently been completed on the slopes of the Sierra Negra volcano in central Mexico. HAWC consists of 300 Water Cherenkov Detectors, each containing 180 m$^3$ of ultra-purified water, that cover a total surface area of 20,000 m$^2$. It detects and reconstructs cosmic- and gamma-ray showers in the energy range of 100 GeV to 100 TeV. The HAWC trigger for the highest energy gammas reaches an effective area of 10$^5$ m$^2$ but many of them are poorly reconstructed because the shower core falls outside the array. An upgrade that increases the present fraction of well reconstructed showers above 10 TeV by a factor of 3-4 can be done with a sparse outrigger array of small water Cherenkov detectors that pinpoint the core position and by that improve the angular resolution of the reconstructed showers. Such an outrigger array would be of the order of 200 small water Cherenkov detectors of 2.5 m$^3$ placed over an area four times larger than...

  20. Optimizing Energy Savings from Direct-DC in U.S. Residential Buildings

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Garbesi, Karina; Vossos, Vagelis; Sanstad, Alan; Burch, Gabriel

    2011-10-13

    An increasing number of energy efficient appliances operate on direct current (DC) internally, offering the potential to use DC from renewable energy systems directly and avoiding the losses inherent in converting power to alternating current (AC) and back. This paper investigates that potential for net-metered residences with on-site photovoltaics (PV) by modeling the net power draw of the ‘direct-DC house’ with respect to today’s typical configuration, assuming identical DC-internal loads. Power draws were modeled for houses in 14 U.S. cities, using hourly, simulated PV-system output and residential loads. The latter were adjusted to reflect a 33% load reduction, representative of the most efficient DC-internal technology, based on an analysis of 32 electricity end-uses. The model tested the effect of climate, electric vehicle (EV) loads, electricity storage, and load shifting on electricity savings; a sensitivity analysis was conducted to determine how future changes in the efficiencies of power system components might affect savings potential. Based on this work, we estimate that net-metered PV residences could save 5% of their total electricity load for houses without storage and 14% for houses with storage. Based on residential PV penetration projections for year 2035 obtained from the National Energy Modeling System (2.7% for the reference case and 11.2% for the extended policy case), direct-DC could save the nation 10 trillion Btu (without storage) or 40 trillion Btu (with storage). Shifting the cooling load by two hours earlier in the day (pre-cooling) has negligible benefits for energy savings. Direct-DC provides no energy savings benefits for EV charging, to the extent that charging occurs at night. However, if charging occurred during the day, for example with employees charging while at work, the benefits would be large. Direct-DC energy savings are sensitive to power system and appliance conversion efficiencies but are not significantly influenced by climate. While direct-DC for residential applications will most likely arise as a spin-off of developments in the commercial sector—because of lower barriers to market entry and larger energy benefits resulting from the higher coincidence between load and insolation—this paper demonstrates that there are substantial benefits in the residential sector as well. Among residential applications, space cooling derives the largest energy savings from being delivered by a direct-DC system. It is the largest load for the average residence on a national basis and is particularly so in high-load regions. It is also the load with highest solar coincidence.

  1. Optically coupled focal plane arrays using lenslets and multiplexers

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Veldkamp, Wilfrid B. (Lexington, MA)

    1991-01-01

    A detector array including a substrate having an array of diffractive lenses formed on the top side of the substrate and an array of sensor elements formed on the backside of the substrate. The sensor elements within the sensor array are oriented on the backside so that each sensor is aligned to receive light from a corresponding diffractive lens of the lens array. The detector array may also include a second substrate having an array of diffractive elements formed on one of its surfaces, the second substrate being disposed above and in proximity to the top side of the other substrate so that the elements on the second substrate are substantially aligned with corresponding sensor elements and diffractive lenses on the other substrate.

  2. Status and Plans for the Array Control and Data Acquisition System of the Cherenkov Telescope Array

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Oya, I; Schwanke, U; Wegner, P; Balzer, A; Berge, D; Borkowski, J; Camprecios, J; Colonges, S; Colome, J; Champion, C; Conforti, V; Gianotti, F; Flour, T Le; Lindemann, R; Lyard, E; Mayer, M; Melkumyan, D; Punch, M; Tanci, C; Schmidt, T; Schwarz, J; Tosti, G; Verma, K; Weinstein, A; Wiesand, S; Wischnewski, R

    2015-01-01

    The Cherenkov Telescope Array (CTA) is the next-generation atmospheric Cherenkov gamma-ray observatory. CTA will consist of two installations, one in the northern, and the other in the southern hemisphere, containing tens of telescopes of different sizes. The CTA performance requirements and the inherent complexity associated with the operation, control and monitoring of such a large distributed multi-telescope array leads to new challenges in the field of the gamma-ray astronomy. The ACTL (array control and data acquisition) system will consist of the hardware and software that is necessary to control and monitor the CTA arrays, as well as to time-stamp, read-out, filter and store -at aggregated rates of few GB/s- the scientific data. The ACTL system must be flexible enough to permit the simultaneous automatic operation of multiple sub-arrays of telescopes with a minimum personnel effort on site. One of the challenges of the system is to provide a reliable integration of the control of a large and heterogene...

  3. The ASTRI Mini-Array Science Case

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    S. Vercellone; G. Agnetta; L. A. Antonelli; D. Bastieri; G. Bellassai; M. Belluso; C. Bigongiari; S. Billotta; B. Biondo; G. Bonanno; G. Bonnoli; P. Bruno; A. Bulgarelli; R. Canestrari; M. Capalbi; P. Caraveo; A. Carosi; E. Cascone; O. Catalano; M. Cereda; P. Conconi; V. Conforti; G. Cusumano; V. De Caprio; A. De Luca; A. Di Paola; F. Di Pierro; D. Fantinel; M. Fiorini; D. Fugazza; D. Gardiol; M. Ghigo; F. Gianotti; S. Giarrusso; E. Giro; A. Grillo; D. Impiombato; S. Incorvaia; A. La Barbera; N. La Palombara; V. La Parola; G. La Rosa; L. Lessio; G. Leto; S. Lombardi; F. Lucarelli; M. C. Maccarone; G. Malaguti; G. Malaspina; V. Mangano; D. Marano; E. Martinetti; R. Millul; T. Mineo; A. Misto'; C. Morello; G. Morlino; M. R. Panzera; G. Pareschi; G. Rodeghiero; P. Romano; F. Russo; B. Sacco; N. Sartore; J. Schwarz; A. Segreto; G. Sironi; G. Sottile; A. Stamerra; E. Strazzeri; L. Stringhetti; G. Tagliaferri; V. Testa; M. C. Timpanaro; G. Toso; G. Tosti; M. Trifoglio; P. Vallania; V. Zitelli; F. Tavecchio

    2013-07-22

    ASTRI is a Flagship Project financed by the Italian Ministry of Education, University and Research, and led by INAF, the Italian National Institute of Astrophysics. Within this framework, INAF is currently developing an end-to-end prototype of a Small Size Telescope in a dual-mirror configuration (SST-2M) for the Cherenkov Telescope Array (CTA), scheduled to start data acquisition in 2014. Although the ASTRI SST-2M prototype is mainly a technological demonstrator, it will perform scientific observations of the Crab Nebula, Mrk 421 and Mrk 501 at E>1 TeV. A remarkable improvement in terms of performance could come from the operation, in 2016, of a SST-2M mini-array, composed of a few SST-2M telescopes to be placed at final CTA Southern Site. The SST mini-array will be able to study in great detail relatively bright sources (a few x 10E-12 erg/cm2/s at 10 TeV) with angular resolution of a few arcmin and energy resolution of about 10-15%. Thanks to the stereo approach, it will be possible to verify the wide field of view (FoV) performance through the detections of very high-energy showers with core located at a distance up to 500 m, to compare the mini-array performance with the Monte Carlo expectations by means of deep observations of selected targets, and to perform the first CTA science at the beginning of the mini-array operations. Prominent sources such as extreme blazars, nearby well-known BL Lac objects and radio-galaxies, galactic pulsar wind nebulae, supernovae remnants, micro-quasars, and the Galactic Center can be observed in a previously unexplored energy range, in order to investigate the electron acceleration and cooling, relativistic and non relativistic shocks, the search for cosmic-ray (CR) Pevatrons, the study of the CR propagation, and the impact of the extragalactic background light on the spectra of the sources.

  4. One-dimensional hybrid simulation of the dc/RF combined driven capacitively coupled CF{sub 4} plasmas

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Wang Shuai [School of Science, Northeastern University, Shenyang 110891 (China); Xu Xiang; Wang Younian [School of Physics and Optoelectronic Technology, Dalian University of Technology, Dalian 116024 (China)

    2012-11-15

    We developed a one-dimensional hybrid model to simulate the dc/RF combined driven capacitively coupled plasma for CF{sub 4} discharges. The numerical results show the influence of the dc source on the plasma density distribution, ion energy distributions (IEDs), and ion angle distributions (IADs) on both RF and dc electrodes. The increase of dc voltage impels more ions with high energy to the electrode applied to the dc source, which makes the IEDs at the dc electrode shift toward higher energy and the peaks in IADs shift toward the small angle region. At the same time, it also decreases ion-energy at the RF electrode and enlarges the ion-angles which strike the RF electrode.

  5. Array of aligned and dispersed carbon nanotubes and method of producing the array

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Ivanov, Ilia N; Simpson, John T; Hendricks, Troy R

    2013-06-11

    An array of aligned and dispersed carbon nanotubes includes an elongate drawn body including a plurality of channels extending therethrough from a first end to a second end of the body, where the channels have a number density of at least about 100,000 channels/mm.sup.2 over a transverse cross-section of the body. A plurality of carbon nanotubes are disposed in each channel, and the carbon nanotubes are sufficiently dispersed and aligned along a length of the channels for the array to comprise an average resistivity per channel of about 9700 .OMEGA.m or less.

  6. Performance Study of K2CsSb Photocathode inside a DC High Voltage Gun

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    T. Rao, J. Smedley, J.M. Grames, R. Mammei, J.L. McCarter, M. Poelker, R. Suleiman

    2011-03-01

    In the past decade, there has been considerable interest in the generation of tens of mA average current in a photoinjector. Until recently, GaAs:Cs cathodes and K2CsSb cathodes have been tested successfully in DC and RF injectors respectively for this application. Our goal is to test the GaAs:Cs in RF injector and the K2CsSb cathode in the DC gun in order to widen our choices. Since the multialkali cathode is a compound with uniform stochiometry over its entire thickness, we anticipate that the life time issues seen in GaAs:Cs due surface damage by ion bombardment would be minimized with this material. Hence successful operation of the K2CsSb cathode in DC gun could lead to a relatively robust electron source capable of delivering ampere level currents. In order to test the performance of K2CsSb cathode in a DC gun, we have designed and built a load lock system that would allow the fabrication of the cathode at BNL and its testing at JLab. In this paper, we will present the design of the load-lock system, cathode fabrication, and the cathode performance in the preparation chamber and in the DC gun.

  7. Performance Study of K2CsSb Photocathode Inside a DC High Voltage Gun

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    McCarter J. L.; Rao T.; Smedley, J.; Grames, J.; Mammei, R.; Poelker, M.; Suleiman, R.

    2011-09-01

    In the past decade, there has been considerable interest in the generation of tens of mA average current in a photoinjector. Until recently, GaAs:Cs cathodes and K{sub 2}CsSb cathodes have been tested successfully in DC and RF injectors respectively for this application. Our goal is to test the K{sub 2}CsSb photocathode inside a DC gun. Since the multialkali cathode is a compound with constant characteristics over its entire thickness, we anticipate that the lifetime issues seen in GaAs:Cs due to surface damage by ion bombardment would be minimized. Hence successful operation of the K{sub 2}CsSb cathode in a DC gun could lead to a relatively robust electron source capable of delivering ampere level currents. In order to test the performance of a K{sub 2}CsSb cathode in a DC gun, we have designed and built a load lock system that allows the fabrication of the cathode at Brookhaven National Lab (BNL) and its testing at Jefferson Lab (JLab). In this paper, we will present the performance of the K{sub 2}CsSb photocathode in the preparation chamber and in the DC gun.

  8. Low noise Millimeter-wave and THz Receivers, Imaging Arrays, Switches in Advanced CMOS and SiGe Processes /

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Uzunkol, Mehmet

    2013-01-01

    a shunt G-CPW transmission line with a DC block capacitor (if the DC bias is applied through a shunt transmission-line

  9. Transformation optics for cavity array metamaterials

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    James Q. Quach; Chun-Hsu Su; Andrew D. Greentree

    2013-04-04

    Cavity array metamaterials (CAMs), composed of optical microcavities in a lattice coupled via tight-binding interactions, represent a novel architecture for engineering metamaterials. Since the size of the CAMs' constituent elements are commensurate with the operating wavelength of the device, it cannot directly utilise classical transformation optics in the same way as traditional metamaterials. By directly transforming the internal geometry of the system, and locally tuning the permittivity between cavities, we provide an alternative framework suitable for tight-binding implementations of metamaterials. We develop a CAM-based cloak as the case study.

  10. Transient Astrophysics with the Square Kilometre Array

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fender, Rob; Macquart, Jean-Pierre; Donnarumma, Immacolata; Murphy, Tara; Deller, Adam; Paragi, Zsolt; Chatterjee, Shami

    2015-01-01

    This chapter provides an overview of the possibilities for transient and variable-source astrophysics with the Square Kilometre Array. While subsequent chapters focus on the astrophysics of individual events, we focus on the broader picture, and how to maximise the science coming from the telescope. The SKA as currently designed will be a fantastic and ground-breaking facility for radio transient studies, but the scientifc yield will be dramatically increased by the addition of (i) near-real-time commensal searches of data streams for events, and (ii) on occasion, rapid robotic response to Target-of-Opprtunity style triggers.

  11. Photovoltaic array mounting apparatus, systems, and methods

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    West, Jack Raymond; Atchley, Brian; Hudson, Tyrus Hawkes; Johansen, Emil

    2015-04-14

    A photovoltaic array, including: (a) supports laid out on a surface in rows and columns; (b) photovoltaic modules positioned on top of the supports; and (c) fasteners connecting the photovoltaic modules to the supports, wherein the supports have an upper pedestal surface and a lower pedestal surface such that the photovoltaic modules are positioned at a non-horizontal angle when edges of the photovoltaic modules are positioned on top of the upper and lower pedestal surfaces, and wherein a portion of the fasteners rotate to lock the photovoltaic modules onto the supports.

  12. Methods for validating the presence of and characterizing proteins deposited onto an array

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Schabacker, Daniel S. (Naperville, IL)

    2010-09-21

    A method of determining if proteins have been transferred from liquid-phase protein fractions to an array comprising staining the array with a total protein stain and imaging the array, optionally comparing the staining with a standard curve generated by staining known amounts of a known protein on the same or a similar array; a method of characterizing proteins transferred from liquid-phase protein fractions to an array including staining the array with a post-translational modification-specific (PTM-specific) stain and imaging the array and, optionally, after staining the array with a PTM-specific stain and imaging the array, washing the array, re-staining the array with a total protein stain, imaging the array, and comparing the imaging with the PTM-specific stain with the imaging with the total protein stain; stained arrays; and images of stained arrays.

  13. Acoustic Array Development for Wind Turbine Noise Characterization

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Buck, S.; Roadman, J.; Moriarty, P.; Palo, S.

    2013-11-01

    This report discusses the design and use of a multi-arm, logarithmic spiral acoustic array by the National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) for measurement and characterization of wind turbine-generated noise. The array was developed in collaboration with a team from the University of Colorado Boulder. This design process is a continuation of the elliptical array design work done by Simley. A description of the array system design process is presented, including array shape design, mechanical design, design of electronics and the data acquisition system, and development of post-processing software. System testing and calibration methods are detailed. Results from the initial data acquisition campaign are offered and discussed. Issues faced during this initial deployment of the array are presented and potential remedies discussed.

  14. The ASTRI mini-array within the future Cherenkov Telescope Array

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Vercellone, Stefano

    2015-01-01

    The Cherenkov Telescope Array (CTA) is a large collaborative effort aimed at the design and operation of an observatory dedicated to very high-energy gamma-ray astrophysics in the energy range from a few tens of GeV to above 100 TeV, which will yield about an order of magnitude improvement in sensitivity with respect to the current major arrays (H.E.S.S., MAGIC, and VERITAS). Within this framework, the Italian National Institute for Astrophysics is leading the ASTRI project, whose main goals are the design and installation on Mt. Etna (Sicily) of an end-to-end dual-mirror prototype of the CTA small size telescope (SST) and the installation at the CTA Southern site of a dual-mirror SST mini-array composed of nine units with a relative distance of about 300 m. The innovative dual-mirror Schwarzschild-Couder optical solution adopted for the ASTRI Project allows us to substantially reduce the telescope plate-scale and, therefore, to adopt silicon photo-multipliers as light detectors. The ASTRI mini-array is a wid...

  15. Coordinated garbage collection for raid array of solid state disks

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Dillow, David A; Ki, Youngjae; Oral, Hakki S; Shipman, Galen M; Wang, Feiyi

    2014-04-29

    An optimized redundant array of solid state devices may include an array of one or more optimized solid-state devices and a controller coupled to the solid-state devices for managing the solid-state devices. The controller may be configured to globally coordinate the garbage collection activities of each of said optimized solid-state devices, for instance, to minimize the degraded performance time and increase the optimal performance time of the entire array of devices.

  16. 24 CHANNEL GEOPHONE ARRAY FOR HORIZONTAL OR VERTICAL BOREHOLES

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Erik C. Westman

    2002-07-01

    This report describes the technical progress on a project to design and construct a multi-channel geophone array that improves tomographic imaging capabilities in both surface and underground mines. Especially important in the design of the array is sensor placement. One issue related to sensor placement is addressed in this report: the method of emplacing the array in a long, horizontal borehole. Improved imaging capabilities will produce energy, environmental, and economic benefits by increasing exploration accuracy and reducing operating costs.

  17. Synthesis and screening combinatorial arrays of zeolites

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Schultz, Peter G.; Xiang, Xiaodong; Goldwasser, Isy

    2003-11-18

    Methods and apparatus for the preparation and use of a substrate having an array of diverse materials in predefined regions thereon. A substrate having an array of diverse materials thereon is generally prepared by delivering components of materials to predefined regions on a substrate, and simultaneously reacting the components to form at least two materials. Materials which can be prepared using the methods and apparatus of the present invention include, for example, covalent network solids, ionic solids and molecular solids. More particularly, materials which can be prepared using the methods and apparatus of the present invention include, for example, inorganic materials, intermetallic materials, metal alloys, ceramic materials, organic materials, organometallic materials, non-biological organic polymers, composite materials (e.g., inorganic composites, organic composites, or combinations thereof), etc. Once prepared, these materials can be screened for useful properties including, for example, electrical, thermal, mechanical, morphological, optical, magnetic, chemical, or other properties. Thus, the present invention provides methods for the parallel synthesis and analysis of novel materials having useful properties.

  18. Method and apparatus for laying wire arrays

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Horowitz, Seymour M. (6525 Swainland Dr., Oakland, CA 94611); Nesbitt, Dale D. (1712 Marin Ave., Berkeley, CA 94707)

    1986-01-01

    Wire arrays (11) having a continuous wire (12) which is formed into a predetermined pattern and adhered to a backing material or substrate (13) are fabricated by applying adhesive material (16a, 16b) along opposite edge portions (17, 18) of the substrate, positioning a row of winding spools (21) along each of the edge portions and repeatedly extending the wire between and around successive spools at the opposite edge portions. The wound wire is then traveled along each spool toward the substrate and into contact with the adhesive. The spools are then removed and a coating of hardenable material (54) is applied to secure the wound wire to the substrate. Tension in the wire is relieved prior to contact of the wire with the adhesive and a small amount of slack is introduced into the wire before the final coating step. Mechanism (32) is provided for lifting the spools away from the substrate without disturbing the wound wire. The method and apparatus enable manufacture of precisely configured wire arrays without complex or costly equipment and do not require structural alterations in the substrate for the purpose of accommodating to fabrication equipment.

  19. Prediction of ordered arrays of nanoparticle superlattices by...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Prediction of ordered arrays of nanoparticle superlattices by self-assembly Engineering the interfaces that will solve the technological challenges of this century requires an...

  20. Optimized Superconducting Quadrupole Arrays for Multiple Beam Transport

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Meinke, Rainer, B.; Goodzeit, Carl, L.; Ball, Millicent, J.

    2005-09-20

    This research project advanced the development of reliable, cost-effective arrays of superconducting quadrupole magnets for use in multi-beam inertial fusion accelerators. The field in each array cell must be identical and meet stringent requirements for field quality and strength. An optimized compact array design using flat double-layer pancake coils was developed. Analytical studies of edge termination methods showed that it is feasible to meet the requirements for field uniformity in all cells and elimination of stray external field in several ways: active methods that involve placement of field compensating coils on the periphery of the array or a passive method that involves use of iron shielding.

  1. Temperature coefficients for PV modules and arrays: Measurement...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    methods, difficulties, and results King, D.L.; Kratochvil, J.A.; Boyson, W.E. 14 SOLAR ENERGY; SOLAR CELL ARRAYS; SOLAR CELLS; MEASURING METHODS; TEMPERATURE DEPENDENCE;...

  2. Structural Response Evaluation Using Non-Uniform Sensor Arrays 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fang, Maopeng

    2013-10-03

    Sensor arrays strategically deployed on various offshore structures may provide valuable information in addressing issues related to the complex dynamic response behavior due to varying environments, changing hydrodynamics ...

  3. Capacitive micromachined ultrasonic transducer arrays as tunable acoustic metamaterials

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Lani, Shane W. E-mail: karim.sabra@me.gatech.edu Sabra, Karim G.; Wasequr Rashid, M.; Hasler, Jennifer; Levent Degertekin, F.

    2014-02-03

    Capacitive Micromachined Ultrasonic Transducers (CMUTs) operating in immersion support dispersive evanescent waves due to the subwavelength periodic structure of electrostatically actuated membranes in the array. Evanescent wave characteristics also depend on the membrane resonance which is modified by the externally applied bias voltage, offering a mechanism to tune the CMUT array as an acoustic metamaterial. The dispersion and tunability characteristics are examined using a computationally efficient, mutual radiation impedance based approach to model a finite-size array and realistic parameters of variation. The simulations are verified, and tunability is demonstrated by experiments on a linear CMUT array operating in 2-12?MHz range.

  4. Modulating cellular fate with arrayed cellular microenvironment technology

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shah, Kevan Dinesh

    2009-01-01

    A.D. and C.O. Pabo, Cellular uptake of the tat protein frommatrix microarray for probing cellular differentiation. Natcells with arrayed cellular microenvironment technology.

  5. Development of Multifunctional Electrode Arrays for Medical Diagnostic...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    Development of Multifunctional Electrode Arrays for Medical Diagnostics and Environmental Monitoring. Citation Details In-Document Search Title: Development of Multifunctional...

  6. Theory of the microelectronic traveling wave klystron amplifier with field-emission cathode array

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ryskin, N. M.; Han, S. T.; Jang, K. H.; Park, G. S. [Saratov State University, Saratov, 410012 (Russian Federation); School of Physics and Astronomy, Seoul National University, 151-742 Seoul (Korea, Republic of)

    2007-09-15

    A nonlinear theory is developed to predict the gain of a distributed vacuum amplifier employed with field-emitter arrays. Contrary to conventional expectation, it is shown that density modulation of the electrons in the emitting structure is limited by high resistive losses and electronic damping. Therefore, a modified schematic is suggested with the high-frequency modulator separated from the emitter that only dc bias voltage is applied to. Small-signal calculation shows that 15-25 dB gain (with 3 dB bandwidth over 200 GHz) at 100-400 GHz frequency band can be obtained within 1-2 cm drift space length with currently available parameters of field emitters and microstrip transmission lines. Nonlinear calculations predict promising performances of good linearity and 13-20 dBm saturated output power. The suggested distributed vacuum amplifier fully based on microelectromechanical systems technologies would open a new era for the devices operating at the border of millimeter and submillimeter bands.

  7. Abstract--Layout of the conductor material in the dc bus of a photovoltaic (PV) array to lower first cost and ohmic losses is

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    King, Roger

    its operating economy by reducing installed cost and ohmic losses. Index Terms--Photovoltaic systems, fault voltage limiters, energy efficiency I. INTRODUCTION Solar PV will be an important component are then paralleled at combiner boxes, with the buses serving these further paralleled to achieve the capacity

  8. Dynamic magnetization states of a spin valve in the presence of dc and ac currents: Synchronization, modification, and chaos

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Li, Charles

    Dynamic magnetization states of a spin valve in the presence of dc and ac currents: Synchronization and numerical calculations of dynamic magnetization states of a spin valve in the presence of dc and ac currents are expected to appear. In this paper, we consider a simple spin valve as a model system to study the problem

  9. Abstract--Environmentally friendly technologies such as photovoltaics and fuel cells are DC sources. In the current power

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tolbert, Leon M.

    Abstract--Environmentally friendly technologies such as photovoltaics and fuel cells are DC sources in pollution [1]. The most well-known green technologies include photovoltaics and wind turbines. Although fuel, fuel cells and photovoltaics, produce direct current (DC). Currently, power system infrastructures

  10. Superconductivity for Electric Systems Annual Peer Review Washington, DC July 27-29, 2004. OAK RIDGE NATIONAL LABORATORY

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Superconductivity for Electric Systems Annual Peer Review Washington, DC ­ July 27-29, 2004. OAK RIDGE NATIONAL LABORATORY U. S. DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY American Superconductor Corporation U. Schoop, M. W&D support #12;Superconductivity for Electric Systems Annual Peer Review Washington, DC ­ July 27-29, 2004

  11. Optimal Demand Response in DC Distribution Networks Hamed Mohsenian-Rad, Member, IEEE and Ali Davoudi, Member, IEEE

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mohsenian-Rad, Hamed

    Optimal Demand Response in DC Distribution Networks Hamed Mohsenian-Rad, Member, IEEE and Ali first present an optimization-based foundation for demand response in DC distribution networks. Then, we devise a pricing mechanism to enforce optimal demand response in a distributed fashion. Simulation

  12. Jaworski Liquid metal PSI science and component development FESAC Meeting, Washington DC July 8-10, 2014

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jaworski ­ Liquid metal PSI science and component development ­ FESAC Meeting, Washington DC ­ July 8-10, 2014 Liquid metal plasma-material interaction science and component development MA Jaworski on behalf of the Liquid Metal Plasma-Facing Component working group FESAC Meeting, Washington DC ­ July 8

  13. A Phased Array Approach to Rock Blasting

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Leslie Gertsch; Jason Baird

    2006-07-01

    A series of laboratory-scale simultaneous two-hole shots was performed in a rock simulant (mortar) to record the shock wave interference patterns produced in the material. The purpose of the project as a whole was to evaluate the usefulness of phased array techniques of blast design, using new high-precision delay technology. Despite high-speed photography, however, we were unable to detect the passage of the shock waves through the samples to determine how well they matched the expected interaction geometry. The follow-up mine-scale tests were therefore not conducted. Nevertheless, pattern analysis of the vectors that would be formed by positive interference of the shockwaves from multiple charges in an ideal continuous, homogeneous, isotropic medium indicate the potential for powerful control of blast design, given precise characterization of the target rock mass.

  14. Optical vortex array in spatially varying lattice

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kapoor, Amit; Senthilkumaran, P; Joseph, Joby

    2015-01-01

    We present an experimental method based on a modified multiple beam interference approach to generate an optical vortex array arranged in a spatially varying lattice. This method involves two steps which are: numerical synthesis of a consistent phase mask by using two-dimensional integrated phase gradient calculations and experimental implementation of produced phase mask by utilizing a phase only spatial light modulator in an optical 4f Fourier filtering setup. This method enables an independent variation of the orientation and period of the vortex lattice. As working examples, we provide the experimental demonstration of various spatially variant optical vortex lattices. We further confirm the existence of optical vortices by formation of fork fringes. Such lattices may find applications in size dependent trapping, sorting, manipulation and photonic crystals.

  15. A dry electrophysiology electrode using CNT arrays

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ruffini, G; Farres, E; Grau, C; Marco-Pallares, J; Mendoza, Eric; Ray, C; Silva, R; Dunne, Stephen; Farres, Esteve; Grau, Carles; Marco-Pallares, Josep; Mendoza, Ernest; Ray, Chris; Ruffini, Giulio; Silva, Ravi

    2006-01-01

    We describe the concept of a dry electrode sensor for biopotential measurement applications (ENOBIO) designed to eliminate the noise and inconvenience associated to the use of electrolytic gel. ENOBIO uses nanotechnology to remove gel-related noise, as well as maintaining a good contact impedance to minimise interference noise. The contact surface of the electrode will be covered with an array/forest of carbon nanotubes and will also be tested with an Ag/AgCl coating to provide ionic-electronic transduction. The nanotubes are to penetrate the outer layers of the skin, the Stratum Corneum, improving electrical contact. We discuss requirements, skin properties, nanotube penetration and transduction, noise sources, prototype design logic and biocompatibility. A future paper will report test results.

  16. Pin stack array for thermoacoustic energy conversion

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Keolian, Robert M. (Monterey, CA); Swift, Gregory W. (Santa Fe, NM)

    1995-01-01

    A thermoacoustic stack for connecting two heat exchangers in a thermoacoustic energy converter provides a convex fluid-solid interface in a plane perpendicular to an axis for acoustic oscillation of fluid between the two heat exchangers. The convex surfaces increase the ratio of the fluid volume in the effective thermoacoustic volume that is displaced from the convex surface to the fluid volume that is adjacent the surface within which viscous energy losses occur. Increasing the volume ratio results in an increase in the ratio of transferred thermal energy to viscous energy losses, with a concomitant increase in operating efficiency of the thermoacoustic converter. The convex surfaces may be easily provided by a pin array having elements arranged parallel to the direction of acoustic oscillations and with effective radial dimensions much smaller than the thicknesses of the viscous energy loss and thermoacoustic energy transfer volumes.

  17. Smart trigger logic for focal plane arrays

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Levy, James E; Campbell, David V; Holmes, Michael L; Lovejoy, Robert; Wojciechowski, Kenneth; Kay, Randolph R; Cavanaugh, William S; Gurrieri, Thomas M

    2014-03-25

    An electronic device includes a memory configured to receive data representing light intensity values from pixels in a focal plane array and a processor that analyzes the received data to determine which light values correspond to triggered pixels, where the triggered pixels are those pixels that meet a predefined set of criteria, and determines, for each triggered pixel, a set of neighbor pixels for which light intensity values are to be stored. The electronic device also includes a buffer that temporarily stores light intensity values for at least one previously processed row of pixels, so that when a triggered pixel is identified in a current row, light intensity values for the neighbor pixels in the previously processed row and for the triggered pixel are persistently stored, as well as a data transmitter that transmits the persistently stored light intensity values for the triggered and neighbor pixels to a data receiver.

  18. The Spanish Square Kilometre Array White Book

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pulido, J A Acosta; Alberdi, A; Alcolea, J; Alfaro, E J; Alonso-Herrero, A; Anglada, G; Arnalte-Mur, P; Ascasibar, Y; Ascaso, B; Azulay, R; Bachiller, R; Baez-Rubio, A; Battaner, E; Blasco, J; Brook, C B; Bujarrabal, V; Busquet, G; Caballero-Garcia, M D; Carrasco-Gonzalez, C; Casares, J; Castro-Tirado, A J; Colina, L; Colomer, F; de Gregorio-Monsalvo, I; del Olmo, A; Desmurs, J-F; Diego, J M; Dominguez-Tenreiro, R; Estalella, R; Fernandez-Soto, A; Florido, E; Font, J; Font, J A; Fuente, A; Garcia-Burillo, S; Garcia-Benito, R; Garcia-Lorenzo, B; de Paz, A Gil; Girart, J M; Goicoechea, J R; Gomez, J F; Gonzalez-Garcia, M; Gonzalez-Martin, O; Gonzalez-Serrano, J I; Gorgas, J; Gorosabel, J; Guijarro, A; Guirado, J C; Hernandez-Garcia, L; Hernandez-Monteagudo, C; Herranz, D; Herrero-Illana, R; Hu, Y-D; Huelamo, N; Huertas-Company, M; Iglesias-Paramo, J; Jeong, S; Jimenez-Serra, I; Knapen, J H; Lineros, R A; Lisenfeld, U; Marcaide, J M; Marquez, I; Marti, J; Marti, J M; Martinez-Gonzalez, E; Martin-Pintado, J; Marti-Vidal, I; Masegosa, J; Mayen-Gijon, J M; Mezcua, M; Mimica, S/ Migliari P; Moldon, J; Morata, O; Negueruela, I; Oates, S R; Osorio, M; Palau, A; Paredes, J M; Perea, J; Perez-Gonzalez, P G; Perez-Montero, E; Perez-Torres, M A; Perucho, M; Planelles, S; Pons, J A; Prieto, A; Quilis, V; Ramirez-Moreta, P; Almeida, C Ramos; Rea, N; Ribo, M; Rioja, M J; Espinosa, J M Rodriguez; Ros, E; Rubiño-Martin, J A; Ruiz-Granados, B; Sabater, J; Sanchez, M A P; Usero, A; Verdes-Montenegro, L; Vidal-Garcia, A; Vielva, P; Vilchez, J; Zhang, B-B

    2015-01-01

    The Square Kilometre Array (SKA) is called to revolutionise essentially all areas of Astrophysics. With a collecting area of about a square kilometre, the SKA will be a transformational instrument, and its scientific potential will go beyond the interests of astronomers. Its technological challenges and huge cost requires a multinational effort, and Europe has recognised this by putting the SKA on the roadmap of the European Strategy Forum for Research Infrastructures (ESFRI). The Spanish SKA White Book is the result of the coordinated effort of 119 astronomers from 40 different research centers. The book shows the enormous scientific interest of the Spanish astronomical community in the SKA and warrants an optimum scientific exploitation of the SKA by Spanish researchers, if Spain enters the SKA project.

  19. Composite arrays of superconducting microstrip line resonators

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Mohebbi, H. R. Miao, G. X.; Benningshof, O. W. B.; Taminiau, I. A. J.; Cory, D. G.

    2014-03-07

    A novel design of an array of half-wave superconductive microstrip resonators is described. The resonator is intended to be useful for electron spin resonance studies of thin film samples at cryogenic temperatures. It achieves a high quality factor, has a small mode-volume, and creates a uniform magnetic field in a plane above the resonator. The device is made of thin film Niobium on sapphire wafer and is tested with a static magnetic field. Variation of Q-factor versus the magnetic field's strength at different temperatures is reported and is in a good agreement with simulation when the loss due to the vortices is included. Also, the power-dependence response of the resonator is shown in experiments and is verified by capturing the nonlinearity associated with the surface impedance of the superconducting film into the circuit model of the device.

  20. Analog circuit for controlling acoustic transducer arrays

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Drumheller, Douglas S. (Cedar Crest, NM)

    1991-01-01

    A simplified ananlog circuit is presented for controlling electromechanical transducer pairs in an acoustic telemetry system. The analog circuit of this invention comprises a single electrical resistor which replaces all of the digital components in a known digital circuit. In accordance with this invention, a first transducer in a transducer pair of array is driven in series with the resistor. The voltage drop across this resistor is then amplified and used to drive the second transducer. The voltage drop across the resistor is proportional and in phase with the current to the transducer. This current is approximately 90 degrees out of phase with the driving voltage to the transducer. This phase shift replaces the digital delay required by the digital control circuit of the prior art.

  1. Solar cells incorporating light harvesting arrays

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Lindsey, Jonathan S.; Meyer, Gerald J.

    2003-07-22

    A solar cell incorporates a light harvesting array that comprises: (a) a first substrate comprising a first electrode; and (b) a layer of light harvesting rods electrically coupled to the first electrode, each of the light harvesting rods comprising a polymer of Formula I: ##EQU1## wherein m is at least 1, and may be from two, three or four to 20 or more; X.sup.1 is a charge separation group (and preferably a porphyrinic macrocycle, which may be one ligand of a double-decker sandwich compound) having an excited-state of energy equal to or lower than that of X.sup.2 ; and X.sup.2 through X.sup.m+1 are chromophores (and again are preferably porphyrinic macrocycles).

  2. Alignment method for solar collector arrays

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Driver, Jr., Richard B

    2012-10-23

    The present invention is directed to an improved method for establishing camera fixture location for aligning mirrors on a solar collector array (SCA) comprising multiple mirror modules. The method aligns the mirrors on a module by comparing the location of the receiver image in photographs with the predicted theoretical receiver image location. To accurately align an entire SCA, a common reference is used for all of the individual module images within the SCA. The improved method can use relative pixel location information in digital photographs along with alignment fixture inclinometer data to calculate relative locations of the fixture between modules. The absolute locations are determined by minimizing alignment asymmetry for the SCA. The method inherently aligns all of the mirrors in an SCA to the receiver, even with receiver position and module-to-module alignment errors.

  3. Periodic Arrays of M2-Branes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Imtak Jeon; Neil Lambert; Paul Richmond

    2012-11-29

    We consider periodic arrays of M2-branes in the ABJM model in the spirit of a circle compactification to D2-branes in type IIA string theory. The result is a curious formulation of three-dimensional maximally supersymmetric Yang-Mills theory in terms of fermions, seven transverse scalars, a non-dynamical gauge field and an additional scalar `dual gluon'. Upon further T-duality on a transverse torus we obtain a non-manifest-Lorentz-invariant description of five-dimensional maximally supersymmetric Yang-Mills. Here the additional scalar field can be thought of as the components of a two-form along the torus. This action can be viewed as an M-theory description of M5-branes on ${\\mathbb T}^3$.

  4. Multipole surface plasmons in metallic nanohole arrays

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nishida, Munehiro; Kadoya, Yutaka

    2015-01-01

    The quasi-bound electromagnetic modes for the arrays of nanoholes perforated in thin gold film are analyzed both numerically by the rigorous coupled wave analysis (RCWA) method and semi-analytically by the coupled mode method. It is shown that when the size of the nanohole occupies large portion of the unit cell, the surface plasmon polaritons (SPPs) at both sides of the film are combined by the higher order waveguide modes of the holes to produce multipole surface plasmons: coupled surface plasmon modes with multipole texture on the electric field distributions. Further, it is revealed that the multipole texture either enhances or suppresses the couplings between SPPs depending on their diffraction orders and also causes band inversion and reconstruction in the coupled SPP band structure. Due to the multipole nature of the quasi-bound modes, multiple dark modes coexist to produce variety of Fano resonance structures on the transmission and reflection spectra.

  5. Solar cells incorporating light harvesting arrays

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Lindsey, Jonathan S. (Raleigh, NC); Meyer, Gerald J. (Baltimore, MD)

    2002-01-01

    A solar cell incorporates a light harvesting array that comprises: (a) a first substrate comprising a first electrode; and (b) a layer of light harvesting rods electrically coupled to the first electrode, each of the light harvesting rods comprising a polymer of Formula I: X.sup.1.paren open-st.X.sup.m+1).sub.m (I) wherein m is at least 1, and may be from two, three or four to 20 or more; X.sup.1 is a charge separation group (and preferably a porphyrinic macrocycle, which may be one ligand of a double-decker sandwich compound) having an excited-state of energy equal to or lower than that of X.sup.2 ; and X.sup.2 through X.sup.m+1 are chromophores (and again are preferably porphyrinic macrocycles).

  6. DC WRRC Report No. 127 GROUND WATER RESOURCE ASSESSMENT STUDY FOR

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    District of Columbia, University of the

    project: James Collier - DCRA Water Resources Management Division Mohsin Siddique - DCRA Water Quality DRILLING AND FIELD OPERATIONS REPORT FOR THE GROUP B WELLS D.C. WATER RESOURCES RESEARCH CENTER University: Well Drilling and Field Operations Report - Group B Wells DATE: July 1993 AUTHOR(S): Jutta Schneider

  7. Strontium Titanate DC Electric Field Switchable and Tunable Bulk Acoustic Wave Solidly Mounted Resonator

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    York, Robert A.

    Strontium Titanate DC Electric Field Switchable and Tunable Bulk Acoustic Wave Solidly Mounted.3 0/0. Index Terms - Acoustic resonators, bulk acoustic wave devices, delay filters, ferroelectric,4] that can be exploited to realize voltage-switchable bulk-acoustic wave (BAW) devices for RF applications [5

  8. dc electric field tunable bulk acoustic wave solidly mounted resonator using SrTiO3

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    York, Robert A.

    dc electric field tunable bulk acoustic wave solidly mounted resonator using SrTiO3 G. N. SaddikTiO3 solidly mounted bulk acoustic wave resonator has been designed, fabricated, and tested of Physics. DOI: 10.1063/1.2759464 Thin film bulk acoustic wave resonators FBARs have been in use by research

  9. SEC Training -Risk Management Washington, D.C., February 27, 2006

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Frey, Robert J.

    SEC Training - Risk Management Washington, D.C., February 27, 2006 Robert J. Frey, Ph.D. Director Managers, pp. IV-3 to IV-9 · Market Risk · Liquidity Risk · Credit Risk · Leverage Risk · Operational Risk · Valuation Risk 10 #12;Monitoring Risk Source: MFA's 2005 Sound Practices for Hedge Fund Managers, pp. AI-1

  10. DC 20 a,f,g AXISYMMETRIC INSTABILITY IN A NONCIRCDLAR TOKAMAK

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sprott, Julien Clinton

    DC 20 a,f,g AXISYMMETRIC INSTABILITY IN A NONCIRCDLAR TOKAMAK: EXPERIMENT AND THEORY BY B, a tokamak with a four-null poloidal divertor. Experi mental results are clo sely compared with stability indicates #12;AXISYMMETRIC INSTABILITY IN A NONCIRCULAR TOKAMAK: EXPERIMENT AND THEORY by B. Lipschultz

  11. Design and Verification of Smart and Scalable DC Microgrids for Emerging Regions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sanders, Seth

    in grid power: A droop voltage power-sharing scheme is implemented, wherein the microgrid voltage droops transmission and distributed storage. Since the PMUs will be able to communicate digitally to the power stationDesign and Verification of Smart and Scalable DC Microgrids for Emerging Regions P. Achintya

  12. February 2012 Did you know that the Navy Memorial in Washington D.C. is

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    February 2012 004/12 Did you know that the Navy Memorial in Washington D.C. is is honoring all://navymemorial.org/yotc/Home/tabid/224/Default.aspx Challenge to all: in the Navy Log. This is your free opportunity to be entered and activities occurring across our Navy to support YOTC through this Facebook page: http

  13. November 2002 15th TOFE, Washington, D.C. 1 Thermal Behavior and Operating

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Raffray, A. René

    - Enthalpy transfer - Condensation (latent heat transfer) in the case of gas with boiling point and melting of condensation. - Latent heats have only a small effect on the overall energy transfer which is governed, Washington, D.C. 7 Radiation Heat Transfer from Chamber Wall · Simple estimate given by: Where: Tw

  14. IEEE Photovoltaic Specialists Conference Washington, D.C., May 13-17, 1996

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Perez, Richard R.

    IEEE Photovoltaic Specialists Conference Washington, D.C., May 13-17, 1996 NICHE MARKETS FOR GRID-CONNECTED PHOTOVOLTAICS Howard Wenger Pacific Energy Group Walnut Creek, CA, USA Christy Herig & Roger Taylor National- Sited Photovoltaics (CSPV) in the United States. 1 The intent is to demonstrate markets that are cost

  15. IMPLEMENTATION OF A DC BUMP AT THE STORAGE RING INJECTION STRAIGHT SECTION

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Wang, G.M.; Shaftan, T.; Kramer, S.K.; Fliller, R.; Guo, W.; Heese, R.; Yu, L.H.; Parker, B.; Willeke, F.J.

    2011-03-28

    The NSLS II beam injection works with a DC septum, a pulsed septum and four fast kicker magnets. The kicker power supplies each produce a two revolution period pulsed field, 5.2 {micro}s half sine waveform, using {approx}5kA drive voltage. The corresponding close orbit bump amplitude is {approx}15mm. It is desired that the bump is transparent to the users for top-off injection. However, high voltage and short pulse power supplies have challenges to maintain pulse-to-pulse stability and magnet-to-magnet reproducibility. To minimize these issues, we propose implementing a DC local bump on top of the fast bump to reduce the fast kicker strength by a factor of 2/3. This bump uses two storage ring corrector magnets plus one additional magnet at the septum to create a local bump. Additionally, these magnets could provide a DC bump to simulate the septum position effects on the store beam lifetime. This paper presents the detail design of this DC injection bump and related beam dynamics.

  16. Diagnostics of ballistic electrons in a dc/rf hybrid capacitively coupled discharge

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Economou, Demetre J.

    Diagnostics of ballistic electrons in a dc/rf hybrid capacitively coupled discharge Lin Xu,1,a Lee the substrate electrode or the semiconduc- tor wafer. Watanabe et al.7 superimposed a high energy electron beam. Economou,2,c and Vincent M. Donnelly2,d 1 Tokyo Electron America, Austin, Texas 78741, USA 2 Department

  17. The ecological causes of evolution Andrew D.C. MacColl

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Obbard, Darren

    The ecological causes of evolution Andrew D.C. MacColl School of Biology, University of Nottingham, but it is not the cause of evolution. The cause of natural selection and, therefore, of adaptive evolution, is any of species and their response to environmental change. What causes natural selection? When one contemplates

  18. 1. PMU Based RAS for a Hybrid AC/DC System 1.1. Project Team

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Li, Husheng

    1. PMU Based RAS for a Hybrid AC/DC System 1.1. Project Team Primary Thrust: Modeling Secondary to be detected more quickly allowing less severe action. This effort focuses on PMU driven response-based RAS from PMU units. The project goals break down into three efforts: · Investigating the possibility

  19. Living downtown in Washington, D.C. : defining residential community in the city center

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Allen, Robin P. (Robin Porter)

    1995-01-01

    In Washington D.C., as in many other American cities, a significant section of the downtown is distinguished by boarded-up buildings and vacant lots. In spite of traces of a city plan that could organize and accommodate a ...

  20. Chapter 6.7 Edwards Auto 306 DC and RF Sputter Coater

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Healy, Kevin Edward

    mechanical pump is installed for rough pumping and one turbo pump for fine pumping. A crystal monitor on it to assure good seal of the chamber. 4.2 Control Panel: Allows you to vent and pump the chamber. 4.3 DC power over 30 years of your career. 5.4 Wear light blue vacuum gloves when you handle components