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Sample records for digital elevation model

  1. Title: Canadian Digital Elevation Model (DEM) Data Creator /

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    , Ontario, Prince Edward Island, Quebec, Saskatchewan, Yukon Keywords (Subject): Contours, Digital Elevation

  2. Digital Elevation Model, 0.5-m, Barrow Environmental Observatory, Alaska, 2012

    DOE Data Explorer [Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)]

    Gangodagamage, Chandana; Wilson, Cathy; Rowland, Joel

    The dataset is a digital elevation model, DEM, of a 2km by 7km region in the vicinity of the Barrow Environmental Observatory near Barrow, Ak.

  3. Digital Elevation Model, 0.5-m, Barrow Environmental Observatory, Alaska, 2012

    DOE Data Explorer [Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)]

    Wilson,Cathy; Rowland,Joel; Gangodagamage,Chandana

    2013-12-08

    The dataset is a digital elevation model, DEM, of a 2km by 7km region in the vicinity of the Barrow Environmental Observatory near Barrow, Ak.

  4. CARIBBEAN DIGITAL ELEVATION MODELS Coastal Models Supporting our Nation's Needs through Science and Technology

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    natural resources. Data identified as coming from the NOAA National Geophysical Data Center are provided, coastal managers, and policy makers in effectively managing marine ecosystems and coastal resources;DIGITAL ELEVATION MODEL PuertoRicoIsland #12;http://www.ngdc.noaa.gov/mgg/coastal/ dem.info

  5. Combining satellite multispectral image data and a digital elevation model for mapping debris-covered glaciers

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kääb, Andreas

    Combining satellite multispectral image data and a digital elevation model for mapping debris classification alone. Based on the observation of low slope angles for debris-covered glacier tongues, we of automated multispectral classification for clean glacier ice and vegetation with slope information derived

  6. Mountain Peak Identification in Visual Content Based on Coarse Digital Elevation Models

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tagliasacchi, Marco

    Mountain Peak Identification in Visual Content Based on Coarse Digital Elevation Models Roman for the identification of mountain peaks in geo-tagged photos. The key tenet is to perform an edge- based matching of the position of mountain peaks with a coarse resolution DEM available in the corresponding ge- ographical area

  7. FUSION OF DIGITAL ELEVATION MODELS USING SPARSE REPRESENTATIONS H. Papasaika1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Schindler, Konrad

    FUSION OF DIGITAL ELEVATION MODELS USING SPARSE REPRESENTATIONS H. Papasaika1 , E. Kokiopoulou2 , E Science and Engineering, EPFL, Switzerland Working Groups I/2, III/1, III/4, III/5 KEY WORDS: DEMs, fusion acquisition technology, the processing chain, and the characteristics of the terrain. DEM fusion aims

  8. Spatial disaggregation of satellite-derived irradiance using a high-resolution digital elevation model

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ruiz-Arias, Jose A.; Tovar-Pescador, Joaquin; Cebecauer, Tomas; Suri, Marcel

    2010-09-15

    Downscaling of the Meteosat-derived solar radiation ({proportional_to}5 km grid resolution) is based on decomposing the global irradiance and correcting the systematic bias of its components using the elevation and horizon shadowing that are derived from the SRTM-3 digital elevation model (3 arc sec resolution). The procedure first applies the elevation correction based on the difference between coarse and high spatial resolution. Global irradiance is split into direct, diffuse circumsolar and diffuse isotropic components using statistical models, and then corrections due to terrain shading and sky-view fraction are applied. The effect of reflected irradiance is analysed only in the theoretical section. The method was applied in the eastern Andalusia, Spain, and the validation was carried out for 22 days on April, July and December 2006 comparing 15-min estimates of the satellite-derived solar irradiance and observations from nine ground stations. Overall, the corrections of the satellite estimates in the studied region strongly reduced the mean bias of the estimates for clear and cloudy days from roughly 2.3% to 0.4%. (author)

  9. Digital Elevation Model, 0.25 m, Barrow Environmental Observatory, Alaska, 2013

    DOE Data Explorer [Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)]

    Cathy Wilson; Garrett Altmann

    2015-11-20

    This 0.25m horizontal resolution digital elevation model, DEM, was developed from Airborne Laser Altimetry flown by Aerometric Inc, now known as Quantum Spatial, Inc. on 12 July, 2013. One Mission was flown and the data jointly processed with LANL personnel to produce a 0.25m DEM covering a region approximately 2.8km wide and 12.4km long extending from the coast above North Salt Lagoon to south of Gas Well Road. This DEM encompasses a diverse range of hydrologic, geomorphic, geophysical and biological features typical of the Barrow Peninsula. Vertical accuracy at the 95% confidence interval was computed as 0.143m. The coordinate system, datum, and geoid for this DEM are UTM Zone 4N, NAD83 (2011), NAVD88 (GEOID09).

  10. The effects of digital elevation model resolution on the calculation and predictions of topographic wetness indices.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Drover, Damion, Ryan

    2011-12-01

    One of the largest exports in the Southeast U.S. is forest products. Interest in biofuels using forest biomass has increased recently, leading to more research into better forest management BMPs. The USDA Forest Service, along with the Oak Ridge National Laboratory, University of Georgia and Oregon State University are researching the impacts of intensive forest management for biofuels on water quality and quantity at the Savannah River Site in South Carolina. Surface runoff of saturated areas, transporting excess nutrients and contaminants, is a potential water quality issue under investigation. Detailed maps of variable source areas and soil characteristics would therefore be helpful prior to treatment. The availability of remotely sensed and computed digital elevation models (DEMs) and spatial analysis tools make it easy to calculate terrain attributes. These terrain attributes can be used in models to predict saturated areas or other attributes in the landscape. With laser altimetry, an area can be flown to produce very high resolution data, and the resulting data can be resampled into any resolution of DEM desired. Additionally, there exist many maps that are in various resolutions of DEM, such as those acquired from the U.S. Geological Survey. Problems arise when using maps derived from different resolution DEMs. For example, saturated areas can be under or overestimated depending on the resolution used. The purpose of this study was to examine the effects of DEM resolution on the calculation of topographic wetness indices used to predict variable source areas of saturation, and to find the best resolutions to produce prediction maps of soil attributes like nitrogen, carbon, bulk density and soil texture for low-relief, humid-temperate forested hillslopes. Topographic wetness indices were calculated based on the derived terrain attributes, slope and specific catchment area, from five different DEM resolutions. The DEMs were resampled from LiDAR, which is a laser altimetry remote sensing method, obtained from the USDA Forest Service at Savannah River Site. The specific DEM resolutions were chosen because they are common grid cell sizes (10m, 30m, and 50m) used in mapping for management applications and in research. The finer resolutions (2m and 5m) were chosen for the purpose of determining how finer resolutions performed compared with coarser resolutions at predicting wetness and related soil attributes. The wetness indices were compared across DEMs and with each other in terms of quantile and distribution differences, then in terms of how well they each correlated with measured soil attributes. Spatial and non-spatial analyses were performed, and predictions using regression and geostatistics were examined for efficacy relative to each DEM resolution. Trends in the raw data and analysis results were also revealed.

  11. EAST COAST DIGITAL ELEVATION MODELS Coastal Models Supporting our Nation's Needs through Science and Technology

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    natural resources. Data identified as coming from the NOAA National Geophysical Data Center are provided Provided the Data? Why Model Portland, Maine? http://www.ngdc.noaa.gov/mgg/coastal/ dem.info

  12. Cost Model for Digital Curation: Cost of Digital Migration

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kejser, Ulla Bøgvad; Nielsen, Anders Bo; Thirifays, Alex

    2009-01-01

    Curation: Cost of Digital Migration Ulla Bøgvad Kejser, Thefocus especially on costing digital migration activities. Inof the OAIS Model digital migration includes both transfer (

  13. Digital terrain modeling with the Chebyshev polynomials

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Florinsky, I V

    2015-01-01

    Mathematical problems of digital terrain analysis include interpolation of digital elevation models (DEMs), DEM generalization and denoising, and computation of morphometric variables by calculation of partial derivatives of elevation. Traditionally, these procedures are based on numerical treatments of two-variable discrete functions of elevation. We developed a spectral analytical method and algorithm based on high-order orthogonal expansions using the Chebyshev polynomials of the first kind with the subsequent Fejer summation. The method and algorithm are intended for DEM analytical treatment, such as, DEM global approximation, denoising, and generalization as well as computation of morphometric variables by analytical calculation of partial derivatives. To test the method and algorithm, we used a DEM of the Northern Andes including 230,880 points (the elevation matrix 480 $\\times$ 481). DEMs were reconstructed with 480, 240, 120, 60, and 30 expansion coefficients. The first and second partial derivatives ...

  14. 1 Interaction modelling for digital libraries. C@Mdx 2000 Interaction Modelling for Digital Libraries

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Blandford, Ann

    1 Interaction modelling for digital libraries. C@Mdx 2000 Interaction Modelling for Digital specifically to the design and evaluation of digital libraries. This work is at an early stage of development about the quality of the interaction between users and devices, using digital libraries as a test domain

  15. Appending High-Resolution Elevation Data to GPS Speed Traces for Vehicle Energy Modeling and Simulation

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Wood, E.; Burton, E.; Duran, A.; Gonder, J.

    2014-06-01

    Accurate and reliable global positioning system (GPS)-based vehicle use data are highly valuable for many transportation, analysis, and automotive considerations. Model-based design, real-world fuel economy analysis, and the growing field of autonomous and connected technologies (including predictive powertrain control and self-driving cars) all have a vested interest in high-fidelity estimation of powertrain loads and vehicle usage profiles. Unfortunately, road grade can be a difficult property to extract from GPS data with consistency. In this report, we present a methodology for appending high-resolution elevation data to GPS speed traces via a static digital elevation model. Anomalous data points in the digital elevation model are addressed during a filtration/smoothing routine, resulting in an elevation profile that can be used to calculate road grade. This process is evaluated against a large, commercially available height/slope dataset from the Navteq/Nokia/HERE Advanced Driver Assistance Systems product. Results will show good agreement with the Advanced Driver Assistance Systems data in the ability to estimate road grade between any two consecutive points in the contiguous United States.

  16. MODEL DG535 Digital Delay / Pulse Generator

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Berns, Hans-Gerd

    MODEL DG535 Digital Delay / Pulse Generator 1290-D Reamwood Avenue Sunnyvale, CA 94089 U.S.A. Phone/2000 #12;i DG535 DIGITAL DELAY / PULSE GENERATOR OPERATION AND SERVICE MANUAL Table of Contents CONDENSED Sequence Sheet #4 Rate Generators Sheet #5 Power Supply and Dropout Detection Sheet #6 System Connectors

  17. Behavioral modeling and digital calibration of pipeline analog to digital converters 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bilhan, Erkan

    2001-01-01

    This research focuses on digital calibration of pipeline analog to digital converters (ADCs) and also modeling of error sources and design parameters of pipeline ADCs. Modern applications such as communications systems require high resolution ADCs...

  18. A COST-EFFECTIVE DIGITAL FORENSICS INVESTIGATION MODEL

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Overill, Richard E.

    i #12;ii #12;Chapter 1 A COST-EFFECTIVE DIGITAL FORENSICS INVESTIGATION MODEL R.E. Overill, M. Kwan, K.P. Chow, P. Lai and F. Law Abstract Computers operate at discrete points in time and hence digital the perspective of a digital investigation, it is the duty of digital investigators or forensic examiners

  19. Cost Model for Digital Curation: Cost of Digital Migration

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kejser, Ulla Bøgvad; Nielsen, Anders Bo; Thirifays, Alex

    2009-01-01

    Steece, B. 2000. Software cost estimation with COCOMO II.Developing a Framework of Cost Elements for PreservingAshley, K. 1999. Digital archive costs: Facts and fallacies.

  20. Automatic Digital Surface Model (DSM) Generation from Linear Array Images

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Giger, Christine

    Automatic Digital Surface Model (DSM) Generation from Linear Array Images A dissertation submitted-examiner Presented by Li Zhang Zurich 2005 #12;IGP Mitteilungen Nr. 88 Automatic Digital Surface Model (DSM-906467-55-4 #12;DISS. ETH NO. 16078 Automatic Digital Surface Model (DSM) Generation from Linear Array Images

  1. Adjusting lidar-derived digital terrain models in coastal marshes based on estimated aboveground biomass density

    DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

    Medeiros, Stephen; Hagen, Scott; Weishampel, John; Angelo, James

    2015-03-25

    Digital elevation models (DEMs) derived from airborne lidar are traditionally unreliable in coastal salt marshes due to the inability of the laser to penetrate the dense grasses and reach the underlying soil. To that end, we present a novel processing methodology that uses ASTER Band 2 (visible red), an interferometric SAR (IfSAR) digital surface model, and lidar-derived canopy height to classify biomass density using both a three-class scheme (high, medium and low) and a two-class scheme (high and low). Elevation adjustments associated with these classes using both median and quartile approaches were applied to adjust lidar-derived elevation values closer tomore »true bare earth elevation. The performance of the method was tested on 229 elevation points in the lower Apalachicola River Marsh. The two-class quartile-based adjusted DEM produced the best results, reducing the RMS error in elevation from 0.65 m to 0.40 m, a 38% improvement. The raw mean errors for the lidar DEM and the adjusted DEM were 0.61 ± 0.24 m and 0.32 ± 0.24 m, respectively, thereby reducing the high bias by approximately 49%.« less

  2. A User Guide for Marsh Analysis and Planning Tool Incorporating Tides and Elevations

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    ................... 18 3) Vertical Datum (VDatum) Transformation ....................... 20 c. Digital Elemation Models on a combination of a digital elevation model (DEM) derived from GPS observations, local tidal datums, and grass

  3. Title: Digital Terrain Model of Southern Ontario Data Creator /

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Title: Digital Terrain Model of Southern Ontario Data Creator / Copyright Owner: First Base/A Coverage Date(s): 2002 Updates: N/A Abstract: The Digital Terrain Model (DTM) of southern Ontario / UTM (17) Resolution: N/A Coordinates: N/A Index Map: N/A Keywords (Place): Ontario Keywords (Subject

  4. The Wave Digital Tonehole Model Maarten van Walstijn

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Smith III, Julius Orion

    The Wave Digital Tonehole Model Maarten van Walstijn Faculty of Music, University of Edinburgh 12 with the use of wave digital filter techniques. INTRODUCTION Physical modelling of woodwind instruments of any physically and musically feasible dimensions, 2) can be applied in the efficient travelling-wave

  5. An experimental comparison of current viscoplastic constitutive models at elevated temperature 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    James, George Henry

    1986-01-01

    AN EXPERIMENTAL COMPARISON OF CURRENT VISCOPLASTIC CONSTITUTIVE MODELS AT ELEVATED TEMPERATURE A Thesis by GEORGE HENRY JAMES III Submitted to the Graduate College of Texas ASM University in partial fulfillment of the requirements..., And Rhode's Model. Bodner's Anisotropic Model. Miller's Model. Walker's Exponential Model. APPENDIX C - AUXILIARY MODEL RESULTS. APPENDIX D EXPERIMENTAL COMPUTER PROGRAMS. VITA. 127 137 137 139 143 144 147 154 176 217 LIST OF TABLES Table...

  6. ISSUES ASSOCIATED WITH PROBABILISTIC FAILURE MODELING OF DIGITAL SYSTEMS

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    CHU,T.L.; MARTINEZ-GURIDI,G.; LEHNER,J.; OVERLAND,D.

    2004-09-19

    The current U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC) licensing process of instrumentation and control (I&C) systems is based on deterministic requirements, e.g., single failure criteria, and defense in depth and diversity. Probabilistic considerations can be used as supplements to the deterministic process. The National Research Council has recommended development of methods for estimating failure probabilities of digital systems, including commercial off-the-shelf (COTS) equipment, for use in probabilistic risk assessment (PRA). NRC staff has developed informal qualitative and quantitative requirements for PRA modeling of digital systems. Brookhaven National Laboratory (BNL) has performed a review of the-state-of-the-art of the methods and tools that can potentially be used to model digital systems. The objectives of this paper are to summarize the review, discuss the issues associated with probabilistic modeling of digital systems, and identify potential areas of research that would enhance the state of the art toward a satisfactory modeling method that could be integrated with a typical probabilistic risk assessment.

  7. Lecture 01 -Supplement: Examples of Modeling ## age elevation length mass sex

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rotella, Jay J.

    .87701 9.21 5.3e-11 *** ## age 1.50580 0.05214 28.88 .93 9.2e-11 *** ## age 1.50638 0.05306 28.39 Lecture 01 - Supplement: Examples of Modeling Approaches A dataset head(d) ## age elevation length

  8. VERIFICATION AND VALIDATION OF MODELS IN THE NATIONAL SCIENCE DIGITAL LIBRARY

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stevenson, D. E. "Steve"

    VERIFICATION AND VALIDATION OF MODELS IN THE NATIONAL SCIENCE DIGITAL LIBRARY D. E. STEVENSON Abstract. The National Science Digital Library is the Nation's online library for education and re- search Science Digital Library in a Nutshell "The National Science Foundation's (NSF) National Science

  9. Paper submission for ASIS Mid-Year 1996 meeting: Digital Library Models and Prospects

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Newby, Gregory B.

    Paper submission for ASIS Mid-Year 1996 meeting: Digital Library Models and Prospects by Gregory B Digital libraries are the means by which people of the next millennium will access materials found in current libraries, yet the nature of digital libraries is only now being shaped. Different visions

  10. Digital service analysis and design: the role of process modelling Steven Buchanan*

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Strathclyde, University of

    and usefulness of a UK National Health Service (NHS) digital library. Reflecting on lessons learnt evaluation of a National Health Service (NHS) digital library that found users satisfied with usability1 Digital service analysis and design: the role of process modelling Steven Buchanan* Department

  11. This paper explores the accuracy of Digital Elevation Models (DEMs), with particular reference to Australian published

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Walker, Jeff

    utilizes the blue lines drawn on topographic maps to represent the permanently flowing or major intermittent streams (Moore et al., 1991). However, there has been an increasing move towards using automated standards for the production and checking of DEMs in Australia. However, there is an accuracy specification

  12. A Surface Water Protection Assessment Tool that uses Digital Elevation Models1 Darwin L. Sorensen

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tarboton, David

    . A first approximation estimate of pollutant concentration reaching the drinking water treatment plant of surface water supplies to pollution from current and future activities in the watershed. Surface water of pollution under various storm intensities can be analyzed. The influences of shallow ground water quality (e

  13. Title: Digital Terrain Model of Southern Ontario: City of Toronto Data Creator /

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Title: Digital Terrain Model of Southern Ontario: City of Toronto Data Creator / Copyright Owner Ontario is a topographic model of the earth's surface. The data files outline features such as: bridge: N/A Keywords (Place): Toronto, Ontario Keywords (Subject): Contours, Digital Terrain Models

  14. Bayesian models for elevated disease risk due to exposure to uranium mine and mill waste on the Navajo Nation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Huerta, Gabriel

    ForReview Only Bayesian models for elevated disease risk due to exposure to uranium mine and mill of Pharmacy, Community Environmental Health Program Keywords: abandoned uranium mines, conditionally specified to ex- posure to uranium mine and mill waste on the Navajo Nation Glenn A. Stark University of New

  15. APPLICATION OF DIGITALMULTISPECTRAL IMAGERY TO LITTORAL ZONE SOIL AND ELEVATION MODELING-

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fabrizio, Mary C.

    . The two primary landform zones found within the study area include the coastal beach zone and the dune of longitudinally oriented upland, sandy dunes dissected by very wet marshes. This coastal geomorphology, common between vegetation, soil and elevation data. Upon review, statistics suggested there was association

  16. Provable Security of Digital Signatures in the Tamper-Proof Device Model

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    International Association for Cryptologic Research (IACR)

    Provable Security of Digital Signatures in the Tamper-Proof Device Model Nick Varnovsky Information by Varnovsky [1] who studied tamper- proof device model. Instead of access to random oracle each participant is provided with a tamper-proof device implementing a private-key cryptosystem. In this model was demonstrated

  17. Elevated Temperature Primary Load Design Method Using Pseudo Elastic-Perfectly Plastic Model

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Carter, Peter [Stress Engineering Services Inc.] [Stress Engineering Services Inc.; Sham, Sam [ORNL] [ORNL; Jetter, Robert I [Consultant] [Consultant

    2012-01-01

    A new primary load design method for elevated temperature service has been developed. Codification of the procedure in an ASME Boiler and Pressure Vessel Code, Section III Code Case is being pursued. The proposed primary load design method is intended to provide the same margins on creep rupture, yielding and creep deformation for a component or structure that are implicit in the allowable stress data. It provides a methodology that does not require stress classification and is also applicable to a full range of temperature above and below the creep regime. Use of elastic-perfectly plastic analysis based on allowable stress with corrections for constraint, steady state stress and creep ductility is described. This approach is intended to ensure that traditional primary stresses are the basis for design, taking into account ductility limits to stress re-distribution and multiaxial rupture criteria.

  18. Digital Human Modeling for Palpatory Medical Training with Haptic Feedback

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Williams II, Robert L.

    Modeling for Applied Ergonomics and Human Factors Engineering, Chapter 48, ISBN 978- 0-8058-5646. #12 Evaluation Results

  19. Stochastic Model and Probabilistic Decision-Based Classifier for Mass Detection in Digital Mammography

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Liu, K. J. Ray

    Stochastic Model and Probabilistic Decision-Based Classifier for Mass Detection in Digital- tween local dense tissues and masses. In recent years, some computer-aided diagnosis (CADx) schemes for mass detection and classification have been devel- oped by several researchers [l,2, 31. Most CADx

  20. Fire Behavior Modeling - Experiment on Surface Fire Transition to the Elevated Live Fuel

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Omodan, Sunday

    2015-01-01

    Scientific Perspectives. Austin Fire Department, EngineeringCombustion Fundamentals of Fire, Ed. G. Cox Academic Press,Finney, M. A. FARSITE: Fire Area Simulator-Model Development

  1. Fire Behavior Modeling - Experiment on Surface Fire Transition to the Elevated Live Fuel

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Omodan, Sunday

    2015-01-01

    fraction combustion model for fire simulation using CFD, TheCFD Computational Fluid Dynamics FDS Fire Dynamics Simulator FS Forest Service HoC Heat of Combustion

  2. Fire Behavior Modeling - Experiment on Surface Fire Transition to the Elevated Live Fuel

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Omodan, Sunday

    2015-01-01

    of FDS to recognize two fuels of different materials in theFire Behavior Prediction and Fuel Modeling System, BURN -K.P. Combustion of forest fuels in Forest Fire: Control and

  3. Elevated carbon dioxide is predicted to promote coexistence among competing species in a trait-based model

    DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

    Ali, Ashehad A.; Medlyn, Belinda E.; Aubier, Thomas G.; Crous, Kristine Y.; Reich, Peter B.

    2015-10-06

    Differential species responses to atmospheric CO2 concentration (Ca) could lead to quantitative changes in competition among species and community composition, with flow-on effects for ecosystem function. However, there has been little theoretical analysis of how elevated Ca (eCa) will affect plant competition, or how composition of plant communities might change. Such theoretical analysis is needed for developing testable hypotheses to frame experimental research. Here, we investigated theoretically how plant competition might change under eCa by implementing two alternative competition theories, resource use theory and resource capture theory, in a plant carbon and nitrogen cycling model. The model makes several novelmore »predictions for the impact of eCa on plant community composition. Using resource use theory, the model predicts that eCa is unlikely to change species dominance in competition, but is likely to increase coexistence among species. Using resource capture theory, the model predicts that eCa may increase community evenness. Collectively, both theories suggest that eCa will favor coexistence and hence that species diversity should increase with eCa. Our theoretical analysis leads to a novel hypothesis for the impact of eCa on plant community composition. In this study, the hypothesis has potential to help guide the design and interpretation of eCa experiments.« less

  4. Simulating the growth response of aspen to elevated ozone: a mechanistic approach to scaling a leaf-level model of ozone effects

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Simulating the growth response of aspen to elevated ozone: a mechanistic approach to scaling a leaf-level model of ozone effects on photosynthesis to a complex canopy architecture§ M.J. Martina, *, G.E. Hosta; accepted 17 July 2001 ``Capsule'': A process model is described that predicts the relative effects of ozone

  5. Perona Malik anisotropic diffusion model using Peaceman Rachford scheme on digital radiographic image

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Halim, Suhaila Abd; Razak, Rohayu Abd; Ibrahim, Arsmah; Manurung, Yupiter HP

    2014-06-19

    In image processing, it is important to remove noise without affecting the image structure as well as preserving all the edges. Perona Malik Anisotropic Diffusion (PMAD) is a PDE-based model which is suitable for image denoising and edge detection problems. In this paper, the Peaceman Rachford scheme is applied on PMAD to remove unwanted noise as the scheme is efficient and unconditionally stable. The capability of the scheme to remove noise is evaluated on several digital radiography weld defect images computed using MATLAB R2009a. Experimental results obtained show that the Peaceman Rachford scheme improves the image quality substantially well based on the Peak Signal to Noise Ratio (PSNR). The Peaceman Rachford scheme used in solving the PMAD model successfully removes unwanted noise in digital radiographic image.

  6. Long-term performance of ceramic matrix composites at elevated temperatures: Modelling of creep and creep rupture

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Curtin, W.A.; Fabeny, B.; Ibnabdeljalil, M.; Iyengar, N.; Reifsnider, K.L.

    1996-07-31

    The models developed, contain explicit dependences on constituent material properties and their changes with time, so that composite performance can be predicted. Three critical processes in ceramic composites at elevated temperatures have been modeled: (1) creep deformation of composite vs stress and time-dependent creep of fibers and matrix, and failure of these components; (2) creep deformation of ``interface`` around broken fibers; and (3) lifetime of the composite under conditions of fiber strength loss over time at temperature. In (1), general evolution formulas are derived for relaxation time of matrix stresses and steady-state creep rate of composite; the model is tested against recent data on Ti-MMCs. Calculations on a composite of Hi-Nicalon fibers in a melt-infiltrated SiC matrix are presented. In (2), numerical simulations of composite failure were made to map out time-to-failure vs applied load for several sets of material parameters. In (3), simple approximate relations are obtained between fiber life and composite life that should be useful for fiber developers and testers. Strength degradation data on Hi-Nicalon fibers is used to assess composite lifetime vs fiber lifetime for Hi-Nicalon fiber composites.

  7. Investigating the possibilities of energy balance modelling with more moderate input data. Development and testing, Griesgletscher, Switzerland 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Thompson, Sarah

    A distributed surface energy balance model has been developed to simulate mass balance at an hourly resolution. The model is applied to a 25 m resolution digital elevation model of a valley glacier in Switzerland. The ...

  8. ECE 462 Digital Communications & Channel Coding Catalog Description: Modeling, analysis, design of baseband and passband digital communications

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    systems (ABET Outcomes a, b, c, m, n) 5. Explain the fundamentals of information theory (ABET Outcomes a of passband digital modulated signals (BPSK, QPSK, FSK PAM); basics of information theory and channel encoding in the presence of noise · Optimum signal detection · Information theory · Basic block and convolutional codes

  9. Test Cases for Wind Power Plant Dynamic Models on Real-Time Digital Simulator: Preprint

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Singh, M.; Muljadi, E.; Gevorgian, V.

    2012-06-01

    The objective of this paper is to present test cases for wind turbine generator and wind power plant models commonly used during commissioning of wind power plants to ensure grid integration compatibility. In this paper, different types of wind power plant models based on the Western Electricity Coordinating Council Wind Generator Modeling Group's standardization efforts are implemented on a real-time digital simulator, and different test cases are used to gauge their grid integration capability. The low-voltage ride through and reactive power support capability and limitations of wind turbine generators under different grid conditions are explored. Several types of transient events (e.g., symmetrical and unsymmetrical faults, frequency dips) are included in the test cases. The differences in responses from different types of wind turbine are discussed in detail.

  10. IEEE GEOSCIENCE AND REMOTE SENSING LETTERS, VOL. X, NO. X, NOVEMBER 200X 1 Digital Topography Models for Martian Surfaces

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Vilalta, Ricardo

    and geologic mapping of the planet. We construct a digital topography model (DTM), a multi-layer grid. The results are displayed as a thematic map of topography. Resultant topographical features are characterized by classifying and characterizing the topography of a landscape in the Tisia Valles region on Mars. We discuss

  11. Real-time interactions between cortical neurons and computational models : synaptic conductance analysis and digital compensation of electrode artifacts.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Destexhe, Alain

    of the electrode, considered as an arbitrary linear circuit. This circuit's impulse response is first established analysis and digital compensation of electrode artifacts. Zuzanna Piwkowska PhD thesis defended at the UNIC conductance, each generated by a stochastic process. We used this model as a basis for analysis tools allowing

  12. Impact of utilizing 3D digital urban models on the design content of urban design plans in US cities 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Al-Douri, Firas A. Salman

    2006-10-30

    on the quality of the design product and consequently hesitation about the appropriate methods of their usage. These suggest a need for research into how the usage of digital models can affect the extent with which urban design plans cover the essential design...

  13. EVALUATION OF THE USGS NATIONAL ELEVATION DATASET AND THE KANSAS BIOLOGICAL SURVEY'S FLDPLN ("FLOODPLAIN") MODEL FOR INUNDATION EXTENT ESTIMATION

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dobbs, Kevin Edward

    2010-04-27

    The Kansas Biological Survey has developed a library of modeled flood inundation extents, using the FLDPLN model, for major streams across Kansas that can be accessed in near real-time to provide valuable information to disaster responders...

  14. Development and evaluation of an uncoupled, incremental constitutive model for elastic-plastic behavior at elevated temperatures 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cronenworth, Jeff

    1982-01-01

    . Conversely, kinematic hardening will model the Bauschinger effect, but neither hardening rule predicts the increased strain hard- ening upon reyield as their "square" hysteris loop predictions show. Oak Ridge (ORNL) [30] and combined hardening rules... by appropziate curve fitting techniques. Additional ad hoc creep hardening rules have been devised to model rate dependent behavior during reverse and cyclic loading. Oak Ridge National Laboratory used such models for 304 stainless steel with some success [33...

  15. An ultra-compact virtual source FET model for deeply-scaled devices: Parameter extraction and validation for standard cell libraries and digital circuits

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mysore, Omar

    In this paper, we present the first validation of the virtual source (VS) charge-based compact model for standard cell libraries and large-scale digital circuits. With only a modest number of physically meaningful parameters, ...

  16. Point-trained models in a grid environment: Transforming a potato late blight risk forecast for use with the National Digital Forecast Database

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Douches, David S.

    Point-trained models in a grid environment: Transforming a potato late blight risk forecast for use with the National Digital Forecast Database Kathleen Baker a, , Paul Roehsner a , Thomas Lake b , Douglas Rivet

  17. Tsunami inundation modeling in constructed environments: A physical and numerical comparison of free-surface elevation, velocity, and momentum flux

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lynett, Patrick

    Tsunami inundation modeling in constructed environments: A physical and numerical comparison April 2013 Available online 17 May 2013 Keywords: Tsunami Inundation Macro-roughness Benchmark COULWAVE Friction factor A laboratory benchmark test for tsunami inundation through an urban waterfront including

  18. Galaxy Evolution Insights from Spectral Modeling of Large Data Sets from the Sloan Digital Sky Survey

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hoversten, Erik A.; /Johns Hopkins U.

    2007-10-01

    This thesis centers on the use of spectral modeling techniques on data from the Sloan Digital Sky Survey (SDSS) to gain new insights into current questions in galaxy evolution. The SDSS provides a large, uniform, high quality data set which can be exploited in a number of ways. One avenue pursued here is to use the large sample size to measure precisely the mean properties of galaxies of increasingly narrow parameter ranges. The other route taken is to look for rare objects which open up for exploration new areas in galaxy parameter space. The crux of this thesis is revisiting the classical Kennicutt method for inferring the stellar initial mass function (IMF) from the integrated light properties of galaxies. A large data set ({approx} 10{sup 5} galaxies) from the SDSS DR4 is combined with more in-depth modeling and quantitative statistical analysis to search for systematic IMF variations as a function of galaxy luminosity. Galaxy H{alpha} equivalent widths are compared to a broadband color index to constrain the IMF. It is found that for the sample as a whole the best fitting IMF power law slope above 0.5 M{sub {circle_dot}} is {Lambda} = 1.5 {+-} 0.1 with the error dominated by systematics. Galaxies brighter than around M{sub r,0.1} = -20 (including galaxies like the Milky Way which has M{sub r,0.1} {approx} -21) are well fit by a universal {Lambda} {approx} 1.4 IMF, similar to the classical Salpeter slope, and smooth, exponential star formation histories (SFH). Fainter galaxies prefer steeper IMFs and the quality of the fits reveal that for these galaxies a universal IMF with smooth SFHs is actually a poor assumption. Related projects are also pursued. A targeted photometric search is conducted for strongly lensed Lyman break galaxies (LBG) similar to MS1512-cB58. The evolution of the photometric selection technique is described as are the results of spectroscopic follow-up of the best targets. The serendipitous discovery of two interesting blue compact dwarf galaxies is reported. These galaxies were identified by their extremely weak (< 150) [N {pi}] {lambda}6584 to H{alpha} emission line ratios. Abundance analysis from emission line fluxes reveals that these galaxies have gas phase oxygen abundances 12 + log(O/H) {approx} 7.7 to 7.9, not remarkably low, and near infrared imaging detects an old stellar population. However, the measured nitrogen to oxygen ratios log(N/O) < 1.7 are anomalously low for blue compact dwarf galaxies. These objects may be useful for understanding the chemical evolution of nitrogen.

  19. Products and Process Modeling in Cx: A Significant Challenge for Digital-Cx 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Akin, O.; Akinci, B.; Garrett, J.; Lee, K. J.

    2008-01-01

    In the next decade, digitalization of commissioning (Cx) is likely to be a key advance, in the field of AEC. This requires that as much of what we do manually, through word processing and spreadsheets can be done through sophisticated computer...

  20. Digital redaction 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Coquelin, Valerie

    1997-01-01

    be of high interest to many scholars or journalists. These documents may also contain confidential information. One solution to these problems is to create digital proxies of these original documents. Opportunities for manipulation and access of digital...

  1. Feature Shape and Elevation Based Road Classification and Extraction on High Spatial

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Carbonara, Joaquin

    Feature Shape and Elevation Based Road Classification and Extraction on High Spatial Resolution #12; 2 Abstract: Classification and extraction of geospatial features from high spatial resolution. However, the conventional method of human interpretation and digitizing cannot fulfill the requirements

  2. Elevance Pilot-Scale Biorefinery

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The Elevance biorefinery uses catalyst technology to produce fuels and chemicals from renewable, natural oils.

  3. A 1:1000 scale model of the digital world: Global connectivity can lead to the extinction of local networks

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kleineberg, Kaj-Kolja

    2015-01-01

    The overwhelming success of online social networks, the key actors in the cosmos of the Web 2.0, has reshaped human interactions on a worldwide scale. To understand the fundamental mechanisms which determine the fate of online social networks at the system level, we recently introduced a general ecological theory of the digital world. In this paper, we discuss the impact of heterogeneity in the network intrinsic fitness and present how the general theory can be applied to understand the competition between an international network, like Facebook, and local services. To this end, we construct a 1:1000 scale model of the digital world enclosing the 80 countries with most Internet users. We find that above a certain threshold the level of global connectivity can lead to the extinction of local networks. In addition, we reveal the complex role the tendency of individuals to engage in more active networks plays for the probability of local networks to become extinct and provide insights into the conditions under w...

  4. Digital Microscopy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Thorn, Kurt; Stuurman, Nico

    2014-01-01

    Digital Micromirror Devices (DMDs): These are a type of SLMmany computer projectors. A DMD consists of rows and columnscontrol. By orienting the DMD and incident light path such

  5. Microstructure and Property Evolution in Advanced Cladding and Duct Materials Under Long-Term and Elevated Temperature Irradiation: Modeling and Experimental Investigation

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Wirth, Brian; Morgan, Dane; Kaoumi, Djamel; Motta, Arthur

    2013-12-01

    The in-service degradation of reactor core materials is related to underlying changes in the irradiated microstructure. During reactor operation, structural components and cladding experience displacement of atoms by collisions with neutrons at temperatures at which the radiation-induced defects are mobile, leading to microstructure evolution under irradiation that can degrade material properties. At the doses and temperatures relevant to fast reactor operation, the microstructure evolves by dislocation loop formation and growth, microchemistry changes due to radiation-induced segregation, radiation-induced precipitation, destabilization of the existing precipitate structure, and in some cases, void formation and growth. These processes do not occur independently; rather, their evolution is highly interlinked. Radiationinduced segregation of Cr and existing chromium carbide coverage in irradiated alloy T91 track each other closely. The radiation-induced precipitation of Ni-Si precipitates and RIS of Ni and Si in alloys T91 and HCM12A are likely related. Neither the evolution of these processes nor their coupling is understood under the conditions required for materials performance in fast reactors (temperature range 300-600°C and doses beyond 200 dpa). Further, predictive modeling is not yet possible as models for microstructure evolution must be developed along with experiments to characterize these key processes and provide tools for extrapolation. To extend the range of operation of nuclear fuel cladding and structural materials in advanced nuclear energy and transmutation systems to that required for the fast reactor, the irradiation-induced evolution of the microstructure, microchemistry, and the associated mechanical properties at relevant temperatures and doses must be understood. Predictive modeling relies on an understanding of the physical processes and also on the development of microstructure and microchemical models to describe their evolution under irradiation. This project will focus on modeling microstructural and microchemical evolution of irradiated alloys by performing detailed modeling of such microstructure evolution processes coupled with well-designed in situ experiments that can provide validation and benchmarking to the computer codes. The broad scientific and technical objectives of this proposal are to evaluate the microstructure and microchemical evolution in advanced ferritic/martensitic and oxide dispersion strengthened (ODS) alloys for cladding and duct reactor materials under long-term and elevated temperature irradiation, leading to improved ability to model structural materials performance and lifetime. Specifically, we propose four research thrusts, namely Thrust 1: Identify the formation mechanism and evolution for dislocation loops with Burgers vector of a<100> and determine whether the defect microstructure (predominately dislocation loop/dislocation density) saturates at high dose. Thrust 2: Identify whether a threshold irradiation temperature or dose exists for the nucleation of growing voids that mark the beginning of irradiation-induced swelling, and begin to probe the limits of thermal stability of the tempered Martensitic structure under irradiation. Thrust 3: Evaluate the stability of nanometer sized Y- Ti-O based oxide dispersion strengthened (ODS) particles at high fluence/temperature. Thrust 4: Evaluate the extent to which precipitates form and/or dissolve as a function of irradiation temperature and dose, and how these changes are driven by radiation induced segregation and microchemical evolutions and determined by the initial microstructure.

  6. 2552 IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON POWER ELECTRONICS, VOL. 22, NO. 6, NOVEMBER 2007 Small-Signal Discrete-Time Modeling of Digitally Controlled PWM Converters

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2552 IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON POWER ELECTRONICS, VOL. 22, NO. 6, NOVEMBER 2007 Small-Signal Discrete- tion mode (CCM) with a single effective A/D sampling instant per switching period. The model, which design of digital compensators. The letter presents general results valid for any CCM converter

  7. Using Digital Elevation Data for Applications in Floodplain Mapping

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kastens, Jude Heathcliff

    2007-11-14

    line work depicts FEMA Q3 100-year floodplain boundary for Shawnee County, Kansas. Floodplain Delineation Near-normal conditions (July 2000) 20-m Backfill Flood Zone map Cross-hatched area indicates FEMA Q3 100-year floodplain extent for Shawnee... County, Kansas. Flooded conditions (July 1993) Floodplain Delineation Channel Width Estimation Channel width was estimated from a Landsat scene depicting normal stream conditions. Width was estimated at 75 regularly spaced points along a nearly 20-km...

  8. Digital diorama

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Spikol, Daniel

    1992-01-01

    Digital Diorama may be briefly presented as: a historical exploration of the vision devices, performances, and installations of the nineteenth century, and their influences on the project. These histories of the magic ...

  9. Modeling and numerical techniques for high-speed digital simulation of nuclear power plants

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Wulff, W.; Cheng, H.S.; Mallen, A.N.

    1987-01-01

    Conventional computing methods are contrasted with newly developed high-speed and low-cost computing techniques for simulating normal and accidental transients in nuclear power plants. Six principles are formulated for cost-effective high-fidelity simulation with emphasis on modeling of transient two-phase flow coolant dynamics in nuclear reactors. Available computing architectures are characterized. It is shown that the combination of the newly developed modeling and computing principles with the use of existing special-purpose peripheral processors is capable of achieving low-cost and high-speed simulation with high-fidelity and outstanding user convenience, suitable for detailed reactor plant response analyses.

  10. MODELING THE IMPACT OF ELEVATED MERCURY IN DEFENSE WASTE PROCESSING FACILITY MELTER FEED ON THE MELTER OFF-GAS SYSTEM - PRELIMINARY REPORT

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Zamecnik, J.; Choi, A.

    2009-03-25

    The Defense Waste Processing Facility (DWPF) is currently evaluating an alternative Chemical Process Cell (CPC) flowsheet to increase throughput. It includes removal of the steam-stripping step, which would significantly reduce the CPC processing time and lessen the sampling needs. However, its downside would be to send 100% of the mercury that come in with the sludge straight to the melter. For example, the new mercury content in the Sludge Batch 5 (SB5) melter feed is projected to be 25 times higher than that in the SB4 with nominal steam stripping of mercury. This task was initiated to study the impact of the worst-case scenario of zero-mercury-removal in the CPC on the DWPF melter off-gas system. It is stressed that this study is intended to be scoping in nature, so the results presented in this report are preliminary. In order to study the impact of elevated mercury levels in the feed, it is necessary to be able to predict how mercury would speciate in the melter exhaust under varying melter operating conditions. A homogeneous gas-phase oxidation model of mercury by chloride was developed to do just that. The model contains two critical parameters pertaining to the partitioning of chloride among HCl, Cl, Cl{sub 2}, and chloride salts in the melter vapor space. The values for these parameters were determined at two different melter vapor space temperatures by matching the calculated molar ratio of HgCl (or Hg{sub 2}Cl{sub 2}) to HgCl{sub 2} with those measured during the Experimental-Scale Ceramic Melter (ESCM) tests run at the Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL). The calibrated model was then applied to the SB5 simulant used in the earlier flowsheet study with an assumed mercury stripping efficiency of zero; the molar ratio of Cl-to-Hg in the resulting melter feed was only 0.4, compared to 12 for the ESCM feeds. The results of the model run at the indicated melter vapor space temperature of 650 C (TI4085D) showed that due to excessive shortage of chloride, only 6% of the mercury fed is expected to get oxidized, mostly as HgCl, while the remaining mercury would exist either as elemental mercury vapor (90%) or HgO (4%). Noting that the measured chloride level in the SB5 qualification sample was an order of magnitude lower than that used in the SB5 simulant, the degree of chloride shortage will be even greater. As a result, the projected level of HgCl in the actual SB5 melter exhaust will be even lower than 6% of the total mercury fed, while that of elemental mercury is likely to be greater than 90%. The homogeneous oxidation of mercury in the off-gas was deemed to be of primary importance based on the postulation that mercury and other volatile salts form submicron sized aerosols upon condensation and thus remain largely in the gas stream downstream of the quencher where they can deposit in the off-gas lines, Steam-Atomized Scrubbers (SAS), and High-Efficiency Mist Eliminator (HEME). Formation of these submicron semi-volatile salts in the condensate liquid is considered to be unlikely, so the liquid phase reactions were considered to be less important. However, subsequent oxidation of mercury in the liquid phase in the off-gas system was examined in a simplified model of the off-gas condensate. It was found that the condensate chemistry was consistent with further oxidation of elemental mercury to Hg{sub 2}Cl{sub 2} and conversion of HgO to chlorides. The results were consistent with the available experimental data. It should also be noted that the model predictions presented in this report do not include any physically entrained solids, which typically account for much of the off-gas carryover on a mass basis. The high elemental mercury vapor content predicted at the DWPF Quencher inlet means that physically entrained solids could provide the necessary surface onto which elemental mercury vapor could condense, thereby coating the solids as well as the internal surfaces of the off-gas system with mercury. Clearly, there are many process benefits to be gained by removing the steam-stripping step from the CPC c

  11. MODELING THE IMPACT OF ELEVATED MERCURY IN DEFENSE WASTE PROCESSING FACILITY MELTER FEED ON THE MELTER OFF-GAS SYSTEM-PRELIMINARY REPORT

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Zamecnik, J.; Choi, A.

    2010-08-18

    The Defense Waste Processing Facility (DWPF) is currently evaluating an alternative Chemical Process Cell (CPC) flowsheet to increase throughput. It includes removal of the steam-stripping step, which would significantly reduce the CPC processing time and lessen the sampling needs. However, its downside would be to send 100% of the mercury that comes in with the sludge straight to the melter. For example, the new mercury content in the Sludge Batch 5 (SB5) melter feed is projected to be 25 times higher than that in the SB4 with nominal steam stripping of mercury. This task was initiated to study the impact of the worst-case scenario of zero-mercury-removal in the CPC on the DWPF melter offgas system. It is stressed that this study is intended to be scoping in nature, so the results presented in this report are preliminary. In order to study the impact of elevated mercury levels in the feed, it is necessary to be able to predict how mercury would speciate in the melter exhaust under varying melter operating conditions. A homogeneous gas-phase oxidation model of mercury by chloride was developed to do just that. The model contains two critical parameters pertaining to the partitioning of chloride among HCl, Cl, Cl{sub 2}, and chloride salts in the melter vapor space. The values for these parameters were determined at two different melter vapor space temperatures by matching the calculated molar ratio of HgCl (or Hg{sub 2}Cl{sub 2}) to HgCl{sub 2} with those measured during the Experimental-Scale Ceramic Melter (ESCM) tests run at the Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL). The calibrated model was then applied to the SB5 simulant used in the earlier flowsheet study with an assumed mercury stripping efficiency of zero; the molar ratio of Cl-to-Hg in the resulting melter feed was only 0.4, compared to 12 for the ESCM feeds. The results of the model run at the indicated melter vapor space temperature of 650 C (TI4085D) showed that due to excessive shortage of chloride, only 6% of the mercury fed is expected to get oxidized, mostly as HgCl, while the remaining mercury would exist either as elemental mercury vapor (90%) or HgO (4%). Noting that the measured chloride level in the SB5 qualification sample was an order of magnitude lower than that used in the SB5 simulant, the degree of chloride shortage will be even greater. As a result, the projected level of HgCl in the actual SB5 melter exhaust will be even lower than 6% of the total mercury fed, while that of elemental mercury is likely to be greater than 90%. The homogeneous oxidation of mercury in the off-gas was deemed to be of primary importance based on the postulation that mercury and other volatile salts form submicron sized aerosols upon condensation and thus remain largely in the gas stream downstream of the quencher where they can deposit in the off-gas lines, Steam-Atomized Scrubbers (SAS), and High-Efficiency Mist Eliminator (HEME). Formation of these submicron semi-volatile salts in the condensate liquid is considered to be unlikely, so the liquid phase reactions were considered to be less important. However, subsequent oxidation of mercury in the liquid phase in the off-gas system was examined in a simplified model of the off-gas condensate. It was found that the condensate chemistry was consistent with further oxidation of elemental mercury to Hg{sub 2}Cl{sub 2} and conversion of HgO to chlorides. The results were consistent with the available experimental data. It should also be noted that the model predictions presented in this report do not include any physically entrained solids, which typically account for much of the off-gas carryover on a mass basis. The high elemental mercury vapor content predicted at the DWPF Quencher inlet means that physically entrained solids could provide the necessary surface onto which elemental mercury vapor could condense, thereby coating the solids as well as the internal surfaces of the off-gas system with mercury. Clearly, there are many process benefits to be gained by removing the steam-stripping step from the CPC c

  12. Energy Efficient Digital Networks

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lanzisera, Steven

    2014-01-01

    equipment, market transformation for digital networks iimarket transformation of energy efficient digital networks.transformation activities. Table 7: Transforming the Network for Digital

  13. Integrating digital human modeling into virtual environment for ergonomic oriented design

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ma, Liang; Bennis, Fouad; Hu, Bo; Zhang, Wei

    2010-01-01

    Virtual human simulation integrated into virtual reality applications is mainly used for virtual representation of the user in virtual environment or for interactions between the user and the virtual avatar for cognitive tasks. In this paper, in order to prevent musculoskeletal disorders, the integration of virtual human simulation and VR application is presented to facilitate physical ergonomic evaluation, especially for physical fatigue evaluation of a given population. Immersive working environments are created to avoid expensive physical mock-up in conventional evaluation methods. Peripheral motion capture systems are used to capture natural movements and then to simulate the physical operations in virtual human simulation. Physical aspects of human's movement are then analyzed to determine the effort level of each key joint using inverse kinematics. The physical fatigue level of each joint is further analyzed by integrating a fatigue and recovery model on the basis of physical task parameters. All the pr...

  14. Digitizing neurons | ornl.gov

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    with big computing resources BigNeuron, a new project led by the Allen Institute for Brain Science, aims to streamline scientist's ability to create 3-D digital models of...

  15. Glass Ceiling or Glass Elevator: Are Voters Biased in Favor of Women Candidates in California Elections?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Abney, Ronni Marie; Peterson, Rolfe Daus

    2011-01-01

    10.2202/1944-4370.1103 Abney and Peterson: Glass Ceilingor Glass Elevator Table 7A. Positive Gender Bias ModelAbney and Peterson: Glass Ceiling or Glass Elevator Huddy,

  16. Intellectual Property Rights For Digital Library And Hypertext Publishing

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Glushko, Robert J.

    Intellectual Property Rights For Digital Library And Hypertext Publishing Systems: An Analysis of digital media will inevitably require some adjustments in the copyright model if digital libraries. By far the most ambitious proposal for a digital library and hypertext publishing environment is Ted

  17. ECE 412: Digital Control and Digital Filters

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Connors, Daniel A.

    Design Digital Controller Design State Space Representation Classical Closed-Loop Analysis Concepts and closed loop digital and sampled-data systems - Digital feedback controller design - Numerical - Understand basic approaches to direct digital design - Can design lag, lead, and lag-lead controllers, PI, PD

  18. Actinide Thermodynamics at Elevated Temperatures

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Friese, Judah I.; Rao, Linfeng; Xia, Yuanxian; Bachelor, Paula P.; Tian, Guoxin

    2007-11-16

    The postclosure chemical environment in the proposed Yucca Mountain repository is expected to experience elevated temperatures. Predicting migration of actinides is possible if sufficient, reliable thermodynamic data on hydrolysis and complexation are available for these temperatures. Data are scarce and scattered for 25 degrees C, and nonexistent for elevated temperatures. This collaborative project between LBNL and PNNL collects thermodynamic data at elevated temperatures on actinide complexes with inorganic ligands that may be present in Yucca Mountain. The ligands include hydroxide, fluoride, sulfate, phosphate and carbonate. Thermodynamic parameters of complexation, including stability constants, enthalpy, entropy and heat capacity of complexation, are measured with a variety of techniques including solvent extraction, potentiometry, spectrophotometry and calorimetry

  19. The Dartmouth Digital Library Program

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Myers, Lawrence C.

    The Dartmouth Digital Library Program A Report from Dartmouth Digital Library Program 2 DIGITAL PROJECTS Resources Anthony Helm, Head of Digital Media and Library Technologies Wess

  20. JGI Digital Scavenger Hunt

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    JGI Digital Scavenger Hunt JGI Digital Scavenger Hunt The NERSC webpages are a great resource for New and Old users, so this is the first stop on the JGI Digital Scavenger Hunt....

  1. Digital Data Management Plans

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Digital Data Management Plans Digital Data Management Plans Investigating the field of high energy physics through experiments that strengthen our fundamental understanding of...

  2. P-news: Deeply Personalized News Dissemination for MPEG-7 Based Digital Libraries

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wang, Qiuyue; Balke, Wolf-Tilo T; Kiessling, Werner; Huhn, Alfons

    2004-01-01

    Modeling and Applications to Digital Libraries. In Proc.Europ. Conf. on Digital Libraries (ECDL 1999) 184–197Conference on Asian Digital Libraries (ICADL 2002) 229–240

  3. Marc Prensky Digital Natives Digital Immigrants 2001 Marc Prensky Digital Natives, Digital Immigrants

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cassell, Justine

    Marc Prensky Digital Natives Digital Immigrants ©2001 Marc Prensky _____________________________________________________________________________ 1 Digital Natives, Digital Immigrants By Marc Prensky From On the Horizon (MCB University Press, Vol. 9 No. 5, October 2001) © 2001 Marc Prensky It is amazing to me how in all the hoopla and debate

  4. Marc Prensky Digital Natives Digital Immigrants 2001 Marc Prensky Digital Natives, Digital Immigrants, Part II

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Knaust, Helmut

    Marc Prensky Digital Natives Digital Immigrants ©2001 Marc Prensky _____________________________________________________________________________ Digital Natives, Digital Immigrants, Part II: Do They Really Think Differently? By Marc Prensky From On the Horizon (NCB University Press, Vo 6, December 2001)l. 9 No. © 2001 Marc Prensky Different kinds

  5. Marc Prensky Digital Natives Digital Immigrants 2001 Marc Prensky Digital Natives, Digital Immigrants

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Knaust, Helmut

    Marc Prensky Digital Natives Digital Immigrants ©2001 Marc Prensky _____________________________________________________________________________ Digital Natives, Digital Immigrants By Marc Prensky From On the Horizon (NCB University Press, Vol. 9 No. 5, October 2001) © 2001 Marc Prensky It is amazing to me how in all the hoopla and debate these days

  6. Digital Preservation for Digital Repositories

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Southampton, University of

    ) ·EPrints development model is more centralised than DSpace / Fedora ·Faster turnaround on development

  7. Digital Sensor Technology

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ted Quinn; Jerry Mauck; Richard Bockhorst; Ken Thomas

    2013-07-01

    The nuclear industry has been slow to incorporate digital sensor technology into nuclear plant designs due to concerns with digital qualification issues. However, the benefits of digital sensor technology for nuclear plant instrumentation are substantial in terms of accuracy, reliability, availability, and maintainability. This report demonstrates these benefits in direct comparisons of digital and analog sensor applications. It also addresses the qualification issues that must be addressed in the application of digital sensor technology.

  8. Addressable Advertising on Digital Television Vincent Dureau

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Masthoff, Judith

    Addressable Advertising on Digital Television Vincent Dureau Chief Technology Officer, OpenTV 275 of digital technology is having a profound effect on television advertising. While television advertising costs are increasing, its efficiency is decreasing. The traditional models for advertising on television

  9. Chronopolis: Preserving our Digital Heritage

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Minor, David; Sutton, Don; Kozbial, Ardys; Burek, Michael; Smorul, Michael

    2009-01-01

    from the California Digital Library (CDL), geospatial databy the California Digital Library (CDL) and the Library ofby the Library of Congress' National Digital Information

  10. A Framework for Flexible Access Control in Digital Library Systems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ray, Indrajit

    A Framework for Flexible Access Control in Digital Library Systems Indrajit Ray and Sudip. Traditional access control models are often found to be inadequate for digital libraries. This is because the user population for digital libraries is very dynamic and not completely known in advance. In addition

  11. A Digital-Microfluidic Approach to Chip Cooling

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chakrabarty, Krishnendu

    A Digital-Microfluidic Approach to Chip Cooling Philip Y. Paik ICx Biosystems Vamsee K. Pamula temperatures that current cooling techniques are hard-pressed to keep up with. The 2006 International. If cooling methods don't improve, elevated die temperatures in tomorrow's ICs could result in catastrophic

  12. Digital Library Initiative Rice University

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Digital Library Initiative Rice University Project Management General guidelines for digital projects Contact: dli (at) rice (dot) edu October, 2007 #12;Digital Library Initiative, Rice University................................................................................................8 #12;Guidelines for managing digital projects Page 2 STATEMENT OF PURPOSE We recognized

  13. Digital fabrication in the architectural design process

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Seely, Jennifer C. K., 1975-

    2004-01-01

    Digital fabrication is affecting the architectural design process due to the increasingly important role it has in the fabrication of architectural models. Many design professionals, professors, and students have experienced ...

  14. Identification of cohesive zone model and elastic parameters of fiber-reinforced cementitious composites using digital image correlation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paulino, Glaucio H.

    zone model (CZM) of solids utilize only global experimental data. In contrast, this paper addresses to mea- sure surface displacement fields of the test specimens. Four-point bend tests are carried out for the mea- surement of the modulus of elasticity, E, and the Poisson's ratio, m, while single edge

  15. NuDE 2.0: A Model-based Software Development Environment for the PLC & FPGA based Digital

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    , such as RPS (Reactor Protection System) and ESF-CCS (Engineered Safety Features - Components Control System in Nuclear Power Plants Junbeom Yoo , Eui-Sub Kim , Dong-Ah Lee Computer Science and Enginering Konkuk426, jslee}@kaeri.re.kr Abstract--NuDE 2.0 (Nuclear Development Environment) is a model-based software

  16. Evidence for Stratospheric Downwelling Associated with High-Elevation Topography

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Finkel, R

    2009-01-28

    The continued presence of elevated chlorine-36 in Sierra Nevada streams is commonly interpreted as residual nuclear fallout, but this prolonged storage contradicts accepted hydrologic models, which indicate much less short-term groundwater storage. Our hypothesis is that the chlorine-36 source is stratospheric downwelling during high-intensity storms by measuring beryllium-7 and -10, sodium-22, and chlorium-36 in precipitation, lake, and soil samples. These nuclides are produced in abundance in the stratosphere and, except for chlorine-36, did not occur as nuclear fallout. This project will either substantially change hydrologic models or reveal an unrecognized pathway for stratosphere-troposphere exchange. Either result will have substantial scientific impact. The test of the hypothesis is straightforward. If stratospheric downwelling occurs to the extent indicated by observed Sierran chlorine-36 levels, it should be detectable by elevated levels of beryllium-7 and -10, sodium-22, and chlorine-36 in storm precipitation. Samples will be collected from an established array of sampling locations. If elevated levels of these nuclides are not found, it would cast severe doubt on the hypothesis. In this case, Sierran hydrologic models will have to take into account high levels of long-term groundwater storage. If elevated levels of these nuclides are found in Sierran precipitation, it could only be from stratospheric input, both because nuclear fallout is no longer occurring and because beryllium-7 and -10 and sodium-22 are not produced by atmospheric nuclear tests.

  17. Strontium sorption on hematite at elevated temperatures

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Karasyova, O.N.; Ivanova, L.I.; Lakshtanov, L.Z.; Loevgren, L.

    1999-12-15

    Acid-base reactions and surface complexation of Sr(II) at the hematite/water interface have been studied by means of potentiometric titrations at three different temperatures: 25, 50, and 75 C. Equilibrium measurements were performed in 0.1 M NaCl. In the evaluation of equilibrium models for the acid-base reactions and complexation reactions in the three-component system H{sup +} -({triple{underscore}bond}FeOH)-Sr{sup 2+}, the constant capacitance model was applied. During the titrations with Sr, aliquots of the suspension were sampled at in several points. The aqueous concentrations of Sr were analyzed by atomic absorption spectrometry. Treatment of data included tests for formation of both inner-sphere and outer-sphere complexes of different stoichiometric composition. The proposed equilibrium model consists of the following surface complexes of inner sphere type: {triple{underscore}bond}FeOHSr{sup 2+} and {triple{underscore}bond}FeOSrOH. Besides the stability constants for the surface complexes, the thermodynamic parameters {Delta}H and {Delta}S were evaluated. The combined effect of a decrease in pH{sub pzc} with increasing temperature and positive enthalpies of surface complex formation favors adsorption of Sr at elevated temperatures.

  18. High-flux magnetorheology at elevated temperatures

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ocalan, Murat

    Commercial applications of magnetorheological (MR) fluids often require operation at elevated temperatures as a result of surrounding environmental conditions or intense localized viscous heating. Previous experimental ...

  19. FEMA - National Flood Insurance Program Elevation Certificate...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Certificate and Instructions Jump to: navigation, search OpenEI Reference LibraryAdd to library Web Site: FEMA - National Flood Insurance Program Elevation Certificate and...

  20. On Boiling of Crude Oil under Elevated Pressure

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pimenova, Anastasiya V

    2015-01-01

    We construct a thermodynamic model for theoretical calculation of the boiling process of multicomponent mixtures of hydrocarbons (e.g., crude oil). The model governs kinetics of the mixture composition in the course of the distillation process along with the boiling temperature increase. The model heavily relies on the theory of dilute solutions of gases in liquids. Importantly, our results are applicable for modelling the process under elevated pressure (while the empiric models for oil cracking are not scalable to the case of extreme pressure), such as in an oil field heated by lava intrusions.

  1. On Boiling of Crude Oil under Elevated Pressure

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Anastasiya V. Pimenova; Denis S. Goldobin

    2015-10-08

    We construct a thermodynamic model for theoretical calculation of the boiling process of multicomponent mixtures of hydrocarbons (e.g., crude oil). The model governs kinetics of the mixture composition in the course of the distillation process along with the boiling temperature increase. The model heavily relies on the theory of dilute solutions of gases in liquids. Importantly, our results are applicable for modelling the process under elevated pressure (while the empiric models for oil cracking are not scalable to the case of extreme pressure), such as in an oil field heated by lava intrusions.

  2. Contracting Rail Freight Services for Country Elevators in the Texas Panhandle. 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fuller, Stephen

    1984-01-01

    that of the 10 elevators to be up graded. The plant size cost model, which was most lik~ ~he bushel storage capacity of the upgraded facIhty, was selected for estimating elevator costs. Plant depreciation estimates of existing plants varied and in some cases... ............................................................................ 4 Wheat Supply and Farm Storage Capacity ..................................... 4 Farm Assembly Cost. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. 4 Farm Storage Cost...

  3. Digital Libraries - Meeting the Challenges

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Warner, Beth Forrest

    2001-02-27

    Digital Libraries – Meeting the Challenges Beth Forrest Warner Digital Library Challenges Are … … not just Digital Library challenges They are many of the same challenges facing libraries and scholarly communication in general... learning contexts In short, change … … leading to new organizational structures Challenges of Definition and Purpose What are Digital Libraries?? What’s their purpose?? A Digital Library Is: Selected and managed...

  4. Pre-publication review. Virtual Slavica: Digital Libraries, Digital Archives

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Giullian, Jon C.

    2005-01-01

    Reviews the book "Virtual Slavica: Digital Libraries, Digital Archives," the first major work to address the issue of technology and Cyrillic language resources, thus providing an important “snapshot of Slavic digital librarianship...

  5. Digital rotation measurement unit

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Sanderson, S.N.

    1983-09-30

    A digital rotation indicator is disclosed for monitoring the position of a valve member having a movable actuator. The indicator utilizes mercury switches adapted to move in cooperation with the actuator. Each of the switches produces an output as it changes state when the actuator moves. A direction detection circuit is connected to the switches to produce a first digital signal indicative of the direction of rotation of the actuator. A count pulse generating circuit is also connected to the switches to produce a second digital pulse signal having count pulses corresponding to a change of state of any of the mercury switches. A reset pulse generating circuit is provided to generate a reset pulse each time a count pulse is generated. An up/down counter is connected to receive the first digital pulse signal and the second digital pulse signal and to count the pulses of the second digital pulse signal either up or down depending upon the instantaneous digital value of the first digital signal whereby a running count indicative of the movement of the actuator is maintained.

  6. EMPOWERING DIGITAL SELF DETERMINATION

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Das, Rhiju

    an ecosystem that lives and breathes on information about us. We are grateful to others who have been thinking, and interact with the information, products, and industries of tomorrow. MediaX is located at Stanford stakeholders in the digital data ecosystem, including service providers of digital technologies, consumers

  7. Digitally Fabricated Building Delivery

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lab ­ Building Kit S 20 2Summer 2012 Integrated Systems ­ Programming Surfaces a) Exterior -Water production with integrated digital fabrication." Automation in Construction, Vol. 16, No. 3, 298­310, 2007Digitally Fabricated Building Delivery through Kitsthrough Kits Lawrence Sass Associate Professor

  8. Digital Product Services Abstract

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Daraio, Chiara

    link physical products with digital services. By using Internet of Things technologies we try to help and at the University of St. Gallen conducts research in the field of Internet of Things. Our research focus is on next Internet of Things technologies and mobile devices make it feasible to "attach" digital product services

  9. Exposing Digital Forgeries in Complex Lighting Environments

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bucci, David J.

    1 Exposing Digital Forgeries in Complex Lighting Environments Micah K. Johnson, Student Member describe a technique for exposing such fakes by detecting inconsistencies in lighting. We show how to approximate complex lighting environments with a low-dimensional model and, further, how to estimate the model

  10. The Digital Library Shell Yael Dubinsky

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yehudai, Amiram

    repositories DSpace Fedora #12;8 Agenda Digital Libraries The Digital Library (DL) Shell The project

  11. International Journal on Digital Libraries manuscript No. (will be inserted by the editor)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Farkas, Csilla

    International Journal on Digital Libraries manuscript No. (will be inserted by the editor) An Authorization Model for Multimedia Digital Libraries Naren Kodali1 , Csilla Farkas3,4 and Duminda Wijesekera1 a generalized autho- rization model for digital libraries. Our aim is to support the enforcement of access

  12. 2004 35Ih Annual IEEE Power Elearonics Specialisrs Conference Aachen, Germany,2004 Modeling of Quantization Effects in Digitally Controlled DC-DC Converters

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Prodiæ, Aleksandar

    : {hpeng,maksimov)@colorado.edu Abstract- In digitally controlled DC-DC converters with a single voltage variations, programmability, reduction or elimination of external passive components, as well a conservative hound for the limit-cycle oscillation amplitude, while Section VI11 summarizes the conclusions. 11

  13. Digital sonar system

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Young, K.K.; Wilkes, R.J.

    1995-11-21

    A transponder of an active digital sonar system identifies a multifrequency underwater activating sonar signal received from a remote sonar transmitter. The transponder includes a transducer that receives acoustic waves, including the activating sonar signal, and generates an analog electrical receipt signal. The analog electrical receipt signal is converted to a digital receipt signal and cross-correlated with a digital transmission signal pattern corresponding to the activating sonar signal. A relative peak in the cross-correlation value is indicative of the activating sonar signal having been received by the transponder. In response to identifying the activating sonar signal, the transponder transmits a responding multifrequency sonar signal. 4 figs.

  14. Digital Technology and Culture Program

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Collins, Gary S.

    Digital Technology and Culture Program College of Arts and Sciences Degree Options Bachelor of Arts in Digital Technology and Culture Minors Digital Technology and Culture Program Strengths · Demonstrate competency with technology for designing and distributing digital works in various mediums. · Demonstrate

  15. Digital ac monitor

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Hart, George W. (Natick, MA); Kern, Jr., Edward C. (Lincoln, MA)

    1987-06-09

    An apparatus and method is provided for monitoring a plurality of analog ac circuits by sampling the voltage and current waveform in each circuit at predetermined intervals, converting the analog current and voltage samples to digital format, storing the digitized current and voltage samples and using the stored digitized current and voltage samples to calculate a variety of electrical parameters; some of which are derived from the stored samples. The non-derived quantities are repeatedly calculated and stored over many separate cycles then averaged. The derived quantities are then calculated at the end of an averaging period. This produces a more accurate reading, especially when averaging over a period in which the power varies over a wide dynamic range. Frequency is measured by timing three cycles of the voltage waveform using the upward zero crossover point as a starting point for a digital timer.

  16. Digital ac monitor

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Hart, G.W.; Kern, E.C. Jr.

    1987-06-09

    An apparatus and method is provided for monitoring a plurality of analog ac circuits by sampling the voltage and current waveform in each circuit at predetermined intervals, converting the analog current and voltage samples to digital format, storing the digitized current and voltage samples and using the stored digitized current and voltage samples to calculate a variety of electrical parameters; some of which are derived from the stored samples. The non-derived quantities are repeatedly calculated and stored over many separate cycles then averaged. The derived quantities are then calculated at the end of an averaging period. This produces a more accurate reading, especially when averaging over a period in which the power varies over a wide dynamic range. Frequency is measured by timing three cycles of the voltage waveform using the upward zero crossover point as a starting point for a digital timer. 24 figs.

  17. Digital Wireless Communication

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Heath Jr., - Robert W.

    Digital Wireless Communication: Physical Layer Exploitation Wireless Networking and Communications 30, 12 #12;Wireless is Everywhere cellular networks local area networks personal area networks emerging applications Thursday, August 30, 12 #12;Where is Wireless Taught? 3 Undergraduate Graduate

  18. Abstract--This paper presents an FPGA-based digital network analyzer for digitally controlled switched-mode power supplies.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    switched-mode power supplies. Similar to standard network analyzers, the digital network analyzer can and controlled switching power converters [3]. In steady state, for small- signal disturbances, a power converter be used to validate converter models and the system design. The digital network analyzer can be built

  19. Digital Actuator Technology

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ken Thomas; Ted Quinn; Jerry Mauck; Richard Bockhorst

    2014-09-01

    There are significant developments underway in new types of actuators for power plant active components. Many of these make use of digital technology to provide a wide array of benefits in performance of the actuators and in reduced burden to maintain them. These new product offerings have gained considerable acceptance in use in process plants. In addition, they have been used in conventional power generation very successfully. This technology has been proven to deliver the benefits promised and substantiate the claims of improved performance. The nuclear industry has been reluctant to incorporate digital actuator technology into nuclear plant designs due to concerns due to a number of concerns. These could be summarized as cost, regulatory uncertainty, and a certain comfort factor with legacy analog technology. The replacement opportunity for these types of components represents a decision point for whether to invest in more modern technology that would provide superior operational and maintenance benefits. Yet, the application of digital technology has been problematic for the nuclear industry, due to qualification and regulatory issues. With some notable exceptions, the result has been a continuing reluctance to undertake the risks and uncertainties of implementing digital actuator technology when replacement opportunities present themselves. Rather, utilities would typically prefer to accept the performance limitations of the legacy analog actuator technologies to avoid impacts to project costs and schedules. The purpose of this report is to demonstrate that the benefits of digital actuator technology can be significant in terms of plant performance and that it is worthwhile to address the barriers currently holding back the widespread development and use of this technology. It addresses two important objectives in pursuit of the beneficial use of digital actuator technology for nuclear power plants: 1. To demonstrate the benefits of digital actuator technology over legacy analog sensor technology in both quantitative and qualitative ways. 2. To recognize and address the added difficulty of digital technology qualification, especially in regard to software common cause failure (SCCF), that is introduced by the use of digital actuator technology.

  20. The Analytical Sciences Digital Library (ASDL)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Larive, Cynthia K.

    2009-01-01

    Analytical Sciences Digital Library (http://www.asdlib.org).Analytical Sciences Digital Library (ASDL) Cynthia K. LariveAnalytical Sciences Digital Library (ASDL) is a collection

  1. CMPE 650: Digital Systems Course Master

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mohsenin, Tinoosh

    models into fixed-point Verilog blocks 4) Algorithms and system implementation on FPGA boards and verification 5) Platform implementation issues: hardware vs. software, FPGA vs. ASIC, power, area, throughputCMPE 650: Digital Systems Course Master Prof. Tinoosh Mohsenin ITE 323 tinoosh@umbc.edu 410

  2. A multi-disciplinar recommender system to advice research resources in University Digital Libraries

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Granada, Universidad de

    A multi-disciplinar recommender system to advice research resources in University Digital Libraries: Recommender systems Fuzzy linguistic modeling University Digital Libraries a b s t r a c t The Web is one Digital Libraries users to access for their research resources. This system recommends researchers

  3. Digital optical conversion module

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Kotter, D.K.; Rankin, R.A.

    1988-07-19

    A digital optical conversion module used to convert an analog signal to a computer compatible digital signal including a voltage-to-frequency converter, frequency offset response circuitry, and an electrical-to-optical converter. Also used in conjunction with the digital optical conversion module is an optical link and an interface at the computer for converting the optical signal back to an electrical signal. Suitable for use in hostile environments having high levels of electromagnetic interference, the conversion module retains high resolution of the analog signal while eliminating the potential for errors due to noise and interference. The module can be used to link analog output scientific equipment such as an electrometer used with a mass spectrometer to a computer. 2 figs.

  4. UNIVERSITY OF TORONTO WORKING AT ELEVATED PLACES

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chan, Hue Sun

    in elevated locations at the University are faced with a potential risk of falling. Persons below these work areas may be at risk from falling objects. These hazards must be significantly reduced through the use including a site specific work plan; Provide notice to the Ontario Ministry of Labour of the nature

  5. Polyetheretherketone Membranes for Elevated Temperature PEMFCs

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Weidner, John W.

    Polyetheretherketone Membranes for Elevated Temperature PEMFCs Balasubramanian Lakshmanan exchange membrane fuel cells PEMFCs . For example, the current from a MEA made from PEEK membrane at 0.6 V, 2003. Proton exchange membrane fuel cells PEMFCs running on hy- drogen are an integral part

  6. Alexandria Digital Library Project The ADEPT Digital Library

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Janée, Greg

    Alexandria Digital Library Project The ADEPT Digital Library Architecture Greg Janée gjanee@alexandria.ucsb.edu James Frew frew@bren.ucsb.edu #12;Alexandria Digital Library Project 2Greg Janée, James Frew · JCDL 2002-level metadata: buckets constraint types metadata mapping standard buckets Collection discovery Current

  7. Additive assembly of digital materials

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ward, Jonathan (Jonathan Daniel)

    2010-01-01

    This thesis develops the use of additive assembly of press-fit digital materials as a new rapid-prototyping process. Digital materials consist of a finite set of parts that have discrete connections and occupy discrete ...

  8. NERSC Hosts Digital Stargazing Portal

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    NERSC Hosts Digital Stargazing Portal NERSC Hosts Digital Stargazing Portal June 4, 2015 Legacy highres 1400x800 Courtesy of DECam Legacy Survey Even non-scientists can now browse...

  9. Representative Atmospheric Plume Development for Elevated Releases

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Eslinger, Paul W.; Lowrey, Justin D.; McIntyre, Justin I.; Miley, Harry S.; Prichard, Andrew W.

    2014-03-03

    An atmospheric explosion of a low-yield nuclear device will produce a large number of radioactive isotopes, some of which can be measured with airborne detection systems. However, properly equipped aircraft may not arrive in the region where an explosion occurred for a number of hours after the event. Atmospheric conditions will have caused the radioactive plume to move and diffuse before the aircraft arrives. The science behind predicting atmospheric plume movement has advanced enough that the location of the maximum concentrations in the plume can be determined reasonably accurately in real time, or near real time. Given the assumption that an aircraft can follow a plume, this study addresses the amount of atmospheric dilution expected to occur in a representative plume as a function of time past the release event. The approach models atmospheric transport of hypothetical releases from a single location for every day in a year using the publically available HYSPLIT code. The effective dilution factors for the point of maximum concentration in an elevated plume based on a release of a non-decaying, non-depositing tracer can vary by orders of magnitude depending on the day of the release, even for the same number of hours after the release event. However, the median of the dilution factors based on releases for 365 consecutive days at one site follows a power law relationship in time, as shown in Figure S-1. The relationship is good enough to provide a general rule of thumb for estimating typical future dilution factors in a plume starting at the same point. However, the coefficients of the power law function may vary for different release point locations. Radioactive decay causes the effective dilution factors to decrease more quickly with the time past the release event than the dilution factors based on a non-decaying tracer. An analytical expression for the dilution factors of isotopes with different half-lives can be developed given the power law expression for the non-decaying tracer. If the power-law equation for the median dilution factor, Df, based on a non-decaying tracer has the general form Df=a?×t?^(-b) for time t after the release event, then the equation has the form Df=e^(-?t)×a×t^(-b) for a radioactive isotope, where ? is the decay constant for the isotope.

  10. Alexandria Digital Library Project Content Access Characterization

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Janée, Greg

    Alexandria Digital Library Project Content Access Characterization in Digital Libraries Greg Janée · James Frew · David Valentine University of California, Santa Barbara #12;Alexandria Digital Library environments e.g., GIS #12;Alexandria Digital Library Project Janée, Frew, Valentine · Content Access

  11. 4.173 Digital Mock-Up Workshop, Spring 2004

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sass, Lawrence

    This is an advanced subject in computer modeling and CAD CAM fabrication in building large-scale prototypes and digital mock-ups within a studio setting. Prototypes and mock-ups are developed with the aid of outside ...

  12. Digital Preservation in Action: Toward a Campus-Wide Program

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fyffe, Richard; Ludwig, Deborah; Warner, Beth Forrest

    2005-09-13

    This bulletin explores a proposed model for establishing a digital preservation program in colleges and universities - requirements for educating the institutional community, developing roles and policies, and establishing an integrated technical...

  13. Quantifying tsunami risk using SRTM digital elevation data and scenario earthquakes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bilham, Roger

    Tsunami Tsunami Tsunami Tsunami Tsunami Quantifying tsunami risk submarine slides submarine slides suggest a history of great earthquakes #12;1m Chennai Tsunami run-up estimates from SRTM data for different tsunami maxima suggest that large tsunamis may leave a record in coastal swamps #12;3m Chennai

  14. GENERALIZING DIGITAL ELEVATION MODELSFOR SMALL SCALE HYPSOMETRIC LEONOWICZ A.(1), JENNYB.(2)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jenny, Bernhard

    , generalisation was applied to the contour lines delimiting hypsometric tints and followed well defined guidelines to production cartographers does not adequately address this topic. Although simple methods exist to remove, conducting research to automate the removal of unwanted details from terrain is highly relevant. This paper

  15. Inter-Faculty Digital Journalism

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Inter-Faculty Digital Journalism As media migrate to digital platforms, this has created a need about a career in journalism? UWindsor offers a combined honours journalism degree that is unique, alternative and citizen media. A Rigorous, Enriching Program UWindsor's Digital Journalism program unites

  16. Metrological digital audio reconstruction

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Fadeyev; Vitaliy (Berkeley, CA), Haber; Carl (Berkeley, CA)

    2004-02-19

    Audio information stored in the undulations of grooves in a medium such as a phonograph record may be reconstructed, with little or no contact, by measuring the groove shape using precision metrology methods coupled with digital image processing and numerical analysis. The effects of damage, wear, and contamination may be compensated, in many cases, through image processing and analysis methods. The speed and data handling capacity of available computing hardware make this approach practical. Two examples used a general purpose optical metrology system to study a 50 year old 78 r.p.m. phonograph record and a commercial confocal scanning probe to study a 1920's celluloid Edison cylinder. Comparisons are presented with stylus playback of the samples and with a digitally re-mastered version of an original magnetic recording. There is also a more extensive implementation of this approach, with dedicated hardware and software.

  17. The National Digital Stewardship Alliance Charter: Enabling Collaboration to Achieve National Digital Preservation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Anderson, Martha; Gallinger, Michelle; Potter, Abigail

    2009-01-01

    made in creating digital library services and content. ThePersistent Digital Archives & Library System. Presented atchallenge of digital preservation, the Library of Congress

  18. Cost Model for Digital Curation: Cost of Digital Migration

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kejser, Ulla Bøgvad; Nielsen, Anders Bo; Thirifays, Alex

    2009-01-01

    and Monitor Technology functions each consists of two costinfluence, the fewer costs. Monitor Technology depends onCost Critical Activities Monitor community Report on monitoring Monitor technology

  19. Gas-Alloy Interactions at Elevated Temperatures

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Arroyave, Raymundo; Gao, Michael

    2012-12-01

    The understanding of the stability of metals and alloys against oxidation and other detrimental reactions, to the catalysis of important chemical reactions and the minimization of defects associated with processing and synthesis have one thing in common: At the most fundamental level, all these scientific/engineering problems involve interactions between metals and alloys (in the solid or liquid state) and gaseous atmospheres at elevated temperatures. In this special issue, we have collected a series of articles that illustrate the application of different theoretical, computational, and experimental techniques to investigate gas-alloy interactions.

  20. Cell mapping description for digital control system with quantization effect

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Liang, Wang; Yi-Ping, Guo

    2007-01-01

    Quantization problem in digital control system have attracted more and more attention in these years. Normally, a quantized variable is regarded as a perturbed copy of the unquantized variable in the research of quantization effect, but this model has shown many obvious disadvantages in control system analysis and design process. In this paper, we give a new model for quantization based 'cell mapping' concept. This cell model could clearly describe the global dynamics of quantized digital system. Then some important characteristics of control system like controllability are analyzed by this model. The finite precision control design method based on cell concept is also presented.

  1. Environmental Digital Library Project: Playa Lakes and the Ogallala Aquifer

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Johnson, Bill; Oliver, Marina

    1999-01-01

    Building the Sci/Tech Digital Library, part 2: Filling the1995) Copyright and Digital Libraries. Communications of theand Practice of Digital Libraries, Digital Libraries '94 in

  2. DALSA Digital Cinema 03-70-00218-01 Image Sensor Architectures for Digital

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Giger, Christine

    DALSA Digital Cinema 03-70-00218-01 Image Sensor Architectures for Digital Cinematography Architectures for Digital Cinematography 2 DALSA Digital Cinema 03-70-00218-01 photosensitive layer without

  3. DIGITAL ARCHITECTURE PROJECT PLAN

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Thomas, Ken

    2014-09-01

    The objective of this project is to develop an industry consensus document on how to scope and implement the underlying information technology infrastructure that is needed to support a vast array of real-time digital technologies to improve NPP work efficiency, to reduce human error, to increase production reliability and to enhance nuclear safety. A consensus approach is needed because: • There is currently a wide disparity in nuclear utility perspectives and positions on what is prudent and regulatory-compliant for introducing certain digital technologies into the plant environment. For example, there is a variety of implementation policies throughout the industry concerning electromagnetic compatibility (EMC), cyber security, wireless communication coverage, mobile devices for workers, mobile technology in the control room, and so forth. • There is a need to effectively share among the nuclear operating companies the early experience with these technologies and other forms of lessons-learned. There is also the opportunity to take advantage of international experience with these technologies. • There is a need to provide the industry with a sense of what other companies are implementing, so that each respective company can factor this into their own development plans and position themselves to take advantage of new work methods as they are validated by the initial implementing companies. In the nuclear power industry, once a better work practice has been proven, there is a general expectation that the rest of the industry will adopt it. However, the long-lead time of information technology infrastructure could prove to be a delaying factor. A secondary objective of this effort is to provide a general understanding of the incremental investment that would be required to support the targeted digital technologies, in terms of an incremental investment over current infrastructure. This will be required for business cases to support the adoption of these new technologies.

  4. ECE 468 Digital Signal Processing 1. History

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chen, Ying "Ada"

    , digital image processing, signal processing for communications, biomedical signal processing, seismic dataECE 468 Digital Signal Processing 1. History: · Digital signal processing has its roots in 17th and Gauss and as new as digital computers and integrated circuits 2. Definition: · Digital signal processing

  5. Digital Preservation Award

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantityBonneville Power Administration would like submit theCovalent BondingMeetingDifferences Between Tropical andDigital

  6. A digital tachometer 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    DeSutter, David H

    1952-01-01

    . The Reset Circuit Figure 9. The Time Dividing Circuit Figure 10. Input Amplifier and Pulse Source 20 22 28 I. INTRODUCTION The measurement of the speed of rotating mach1nery has been accomplished in a great variety of ways. One of the more corn... techniaues recently developed for use in electronic digital c omputers it 1s possible to count pulses produced by a device on the rotating shaft over a controlled period of time and thereby arrive at the speed of the shaft. Th1s has the advantages...

  7. Traction sheave elevator, hoisting unit and machine space

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Hakala, Harri (Hyvinkaa, FI); Mustalahti, Jorma (Hyvinkaa, FI); Aulanko, Esko (Kerava, FI)

    2000-01-01

    Traction sheave elevator consisting of an elevator car moving along elevator guide rails, a counterweight moving along counterweight guide rails, a set of hoisting ropes (3) on which the elevator car and counterweight are suspended, and a drive machine unit (6) driving a traction sheave (7) acting on the hoisting ropes (3) and placed in the elevator shaft. The drive machine unit (6) is of a flat construction. A wall of the elevator shaft is provided with a machine space with its open side facing towards the shaft, the essential parts of the drive machine unit (6) being placed in the space. The hoisting unit (9) of the traction sheave elevator consists of a substantially discoidal drive machine unit (6) and an instrument panel (8) mounted on the frame (20) of the hoisting unit.

  8. Reconnaissance Estimates of Recharge Based on an Elevation-dependent Chloride Mass-balance Approach

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Charles E. Russell; Tim Minor

    2002-08-31

    Significant uncertainty is associated with efforts to quantity recharge in arid regions such as southern Nevada. However, accurate estimates of groundwater recharge are necessary to understanding the long-term sustainability of groundwater resources and predictions of groundwater flow rates and directions. Currently, the most widely accepted method for estimating recharge in southern Nevada is the Maxey and Eakin method. This method has been applied to most basins within Nevada and has been independently verified as a reconnaissance-level estimate of recharge through several studies. Recharge estimates derived from the Maxey and Eakin and other recharge methodologies ultimately based upon measures or estimates of groundwater discharge (outflow methods) should be augmented by a tracer-based aquifer-response method. The objective of this study was to improve an existing aquifer-response method that was based on the chloride mass-balance approach. Improvements were designed to incorporate spatial variability within recharge areas (rather than recharge as a lumped parameter), develop a more defendable lower limit of recharge, and differentiate local recharge from recharge emanating as interbasin flux. Seventeen springs, located in the Sheep Range, Spring Mountains, and on the Nevada Test Site were sampled during the course of this study and their discharge was measured. The chloride and bromide concentrations of the springs were determined. Discharge and chloride concentrations from these springs were compared to estimates provided by previously published reports. A literature search yielded previously published estimates of chloride flux to the land surface. {sup 36}Cl/Cl ratios and discharge rates of the three largest springs in the Amargosa Springs discharge area were compiled from various sources. This information was utilized to determine an effective chloride concentration for recharging precipitation and its associated uncertainty via Monte Carlo simulations. Previously developed isohyetal maps were utilized to determine the mean and standard deviation of precipitation within the area. A digital elevation model was obtained to provide elevation information. A geologic model was obtained to provide the spatial distribution of alluvial formations. Both were used to define the lower limit of recharge. In addition, 40 boreholes located in alluvial sediments were drilled and sampled in an attempt to support the argument that the areal distribution of alluvial sediments can be used to define a zone of negligible recharge. The data were compiled in a geographic information system and used in a Monte Carlo analysis to determine recharge occurring within the study area. Results of the analysis yielded estimates of the mean and standard deviation of recharge occurring within the study area (28.168 x 10{sup 6} m{sup 3} yr{sup -1} and 7.008 x 10{sup 6} m{sup 3} yr{sup -1}, and 26.838 x 10{sup 6} m{sup 3} yr{sup -1} and 6.928 x 10{sup 6} m{sup 3} yr{sup -1}) for two sets of simulations using alternate definitions of the lower limit of recharge. A sensitivity analysis determined the recharge estimates were most sensitive to uncertainty associated with the chloride concentration of the spring discharge. The second most sensitive parameter was the uncertainty associated with the mean precipitation within the recharge areas. Comparison of the analysis to previously published estimates of recharge revealed mixed results with the recharge estimates derived during the course of this project generally greater relative to previously published estimates.

  9. Icelandic rhythmics: Annual modulation of land elevation and plate spreading by snow load

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Grapenthin, Ronni

    Icelandic rhythmics: Annual modulation of land elevation and plate spreading by snow load Ronni to annual snow load in Iceland. The load is modeled using Green's functions for an elastic halfspace and a simple sinusoidal load history on Iceland's four largest ice caps. We derive E = 40 ± 15 GPa as a minimum

  10. Author's personal copy Antioxidant capacity reduced in scallions grown under elevated CO2

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paré, Paul W.

    Author's personal copy Antioxidant capacity reduced in scallions grown under elevated CO2 was used as a model plant to study the impact of a range of CO2 concentrations and light intensities in controlled environmental chambers under a combination of 3 CO2 concentrations of 400, 1200 and 4000 lmol mol

  11. Elevated temperature forming method and preheater apparatus

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Krajewski, Paul E; Hammar, Richard Harry; Singh, Jugraj; Cedar, Dennis; Friedman, Peter A; Luo, Yingbing

    2013-06-11

    An elevated temperature forming system in which a sheet metal workpiece is provided in a first stage position of a multi-stage pre-heater, is heated to a first stage temperature lower than a desired pre-heat temperature, is moved to a final stage position where it is heated to a desired final stage temperature, is transferred to a forming press, and is formed by the forming press. The preheater includes upper and lower platens that transfer heat into workpieces disposed between the platens. A shim spaces the upper platen from the lower platen by a distance greater than a thickness of the workpieces to be heated by the platens and less than a distance at which the upper platen would require an undesirably high input of energy to effectively heat the workpiece without being pressed into contact with the workpiece.

  12. Digital Tomosynthesis: Advanced Breast Cancer

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hansma, Paul

    Digital Tomosynthesis: Advanced Breast Cancer Imaging Technique Max Wiedmann #12;Digital in CT. #12;Breast Cancer · The leading Cause of death for women ages 40-55. · Is only behind lung and bronchus cancer in terms of number of deaths in US. · Early detection of breast cancer is believed to save

  13. Special Topics: Digital Preservation Planning

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Toronto, University of

    of preservation. It explores the levels of control and decision making that need to be addressed in digital, it will discuss longevity as a design concern in Information Systems. Goals and Objectives Students having demonstrated in assignments 2 and 4) conducting a practical analysis and assessment of a given digital

  14. Digital Integrated Circuit (IC) Layout andDigital Integrated Circuit (IC) Layout and DesignDesign --Week 4, Lecture 7Week 4, Lecture 7

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    EE141 1 EE134 1 Digital Integrated Circuit (IC) Layout andDigital Integrated Circuit (IC) Layout: " Resistive or Linear: " Saturation VGS VT VDS > VGS - VT VGS > VT for Manual AnalysisA Model for Manual Analysis #12;EE141 4 EE134 7 CurrentCurrent--Voltage Relations

  15. CHANNEL MORPHOLOGY TOOL (CMT): A GIS-BASED AUTOMATED EXTRACTION MODEL FOR CHANNEL GEOMETRY

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    JUDI, DAVID; KALYANAPU, ALFRED; MCPHERSON, TIMOTHY; BERSCHEID, ALAN

    2007-01-17

    This paper describes an automated Channel Morphology Tool (CMT) developed in ArcGIS 9.1 environment. The CMT creates cross-sections along a stream centerline and uses a digital elevation model (DEM) to create station points with elevations along each of the cross-sections. The generated cross-sections may then be exported into a hydraulic model. Along with the rapid cross-section generation the CMT also eliminates any cross-section overlaps that might occur due to the sinuosity of the channels using the Cross-section Overlap Correction Algorithm (COCoA). The CMT was tested by extracting cross-sections from a 5-m DEM for a 50-km channel length in Houston, Texas. The extracted cross-sections were compared directly with surveyed cross-sections in terms of the cross-section area. Results indicated that the CMT-generated cross-sections satisfactorily matched the surveyed data.

  16. Digital quadrature phase detection

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Smith, James A. (Idaho Falls, ID); Johnson, John A. (Idaho Falls, ID)

    1992-01-01

    A system for detecting the phase of a frequency of phase modulated signal that includes digital quadrature sampling of the frequency or phase modulated signal at two times that are one quarter of a cycle of a reference signal apart, determination of the arctangent of the ratio of a first sampling of the frequency or phase modulated signal to the second sampling of the frequency or phase modulated signal, and a determination of quadrant in which the phase determination is increased by 2.pi. when the quadrant changes from the first quadrant to the fourth quadrant and decreased by 2.pi. when the quadrant changes from the fourth quadrant to the first quadrant whereby the absolute phase of the frequency or phase modulated signal can be determined using an arbitrary reference convention.

  17. Digital quadrature phase detection

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Smith, J.A.; Johnson, J.A.

    1992-05-26

    A system for detecting the phase of a frequency or phase modulated signal that includes digital quadrature sampling of the frequency or phase modulated signal at two times that are one quarter of a cycle of a reference signal apart, determination of the arctangent of the ratio of a first sampling of the frequency or phase modulated signal to the second sampling of the frequency or phase modulated signal, and a determination of quadrant in which the phase determination is increased by 2[pi] when the quadrant changes from the first quadrant to the fourth quadrant and decreased by 2[pi] when the quadrant changes from the fourth quadrant to the first quadrant whereby the absolute phase of the frequency or phase modulated signal can be determined using an arbitrary reference convention. 6 figs.

  18. Importance of Elevation and Temperature Inversions for the Interpretat...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Importance of Elevation and Temperature Inversions for the Interpretation of Thermal Infrared Satellite Images Used in Geothermal Exploration Jump to: navigation, search OpenEI...

  19. DCC Digital Curation Manual: Preservation Strategies for Digital Libraries 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Holdsworth, David

    2007-11-01

    Ensuring that digital data remain accessible and reusable over time requires the implementation of proactive, scalable and sustainable preservation strategies. To be of greatest effect, preservation issues must be ...

  20. Modeling California's high-elevation hydropower systems in energy units

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pasternack, Gregory B.

    conditions, hydropower provides 5­10% of the electricity used in the United States [National Energy Education it a valuable renewable energy source. In the mid-1990s, hydropower was about 19% of world's total electricity Development Project, 2007] and almost 75% of the nation's electricity from all renew- able sources [Energy

  1. DESIGN AND IMPLEMENTATION OF DIGITAL LIBRARIES

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Furht, Borko

    Chapter 18 DESIGN AND IMPLEMENTATION OF DIGITAL LIBRARIES Xiuqi Li and Borko Furht Abstract As the Internet and the World Wide Web expanded so fast, digital libraries has become a very hot topic. Since 1992 of these studies. We first discuss designing digital libraries, including definition of digital libraries

  2. Title: Digital Map of Ontario Data Creator /

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Title: Digital Map of Ontario Data Creator / Copyright Owner: Ontario Ministry of Natural Resources Publisher: Ontario Ministry of Natural Resources Edition: N/A Versions: N/A Publication Date: 2003 Coverage Date(s): N/A Updates: N/A Abstract: The Digital Map of Ontario is a digital product digitized from

  3. Chapter XLIII USGS Digital Libraries for

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chapter XLIII USGS Digital Libraries for Coastal and Marine Science Frances L. Lightsom U three related digital libraries providing access to topical and georeferenced information for coastal Digital Library and Coastal Change Hazards Digital Library. These three members of the MRIB family run

  4. A framework for digital watercolor 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    O'Brien, Patrick Michael

    2008-10-10

    This research develops an extendible framework for reproducing watercolor in a digital environment, with a focus on interactivity using the GPU. The framework uses the lattice Boltzmann method, a relatively new approach to fluid dynamics...

  5. Digital compositing with traditional artwork 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stanley, Michael Leighton

    2005-11-01

    This thesis presents a general method and guidelines for compositing digital characters into traditional artwork by matching a character to the perspective, lighting, style, and complexity of the particular work of art. ...

  6. Digital holographic imaging of microorganisms

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wolf, Michael Trevor

    2006-01-01

    Imaging aquatic microorganisms in 3D space is of interest to biologists and ocean scientists seeking to understand the behavior of these organisms in their natural environments. In this research, digital holographic imaging ...

  7. Roadmap: Digital Sciences Digital Systems Analysis Bachelor of Science [DS-BS-DS-DSA

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sheridan, Scott

    Roadmap: Digital Sciences ­ Digital Systems Analysis ­ Bachelor of Science [DS-BS-DS-DSA] School of Digital Sciences Catalog Year: 2012-2013 Page 1 of 3 | Last Updated: 16-Apr-12/LNHD This roadmap (lower or upper division) 6 #12;Roadmap: Digital Sciences ­ Digital Systems Analysis ­ Bachelor

  8. Digital library as a controversy Running head: DIGITAL LIBRARY AS A CONTROVERSY

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    Digital library as a controversy Running head: DIGITAL LIBRARY AS A CONTROVERSY Digital library nouvelle 1 hal-00718385,version1-16Jul2012 Author manuscript, published in "Digital library as a controversy: Gallica vs Google, Dubrovnik : Croatia (2009)" #12;Digital library as a controversy Abstract

  9. Digital-data receiver synchronization

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Smith, Stephen F.; Turner, Gary W.

    2005-08-02

    Digital-data receiver synchronization is provided with composite phase-frequency detectors, mutually cross-connected comparison feedback or both to provide robust reception of digital data signals. A single master clock can be used to provide frequency signals. Advantages can include fast lock-up time in moderately to severely noisy conditions, greater tolerance to noise and jitter when locked, and improved tolerance to clock asymmetries.

  10. DC 12m telescope. Preliminary calculations. Investigation of elevation axis position.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Guarino, V. J.; High Energy Physics

    2009-12-18

    This paper examines some simple calculations of a 2D model of a telescope in order to understand how different design parameters affect the design. For the design of a telescope it is assumed that they need a design that minimizes deflections of the dish and also minimizes the size of the motors and torques needed to rotate in elevation. A common belief is that a lighter dish and minimum counterweight is desirable. However, these calculations show this is not necessarily true. The torque needed for rotation depends on the moment of inertia and if the telescope is balanced about the elevation axis. A light dish with no CW requires that the elevation axis be several meters in front of the dish (8-9m) in order to be balanced. This is not practical from a structural point of view. If the elevation axis is only 2m in front of the dish and there is no counterweight then the telescope will be unbalanced and the toruqes required will be very high - much higher than the torques needed only to overcome inertia. A heavy dish though can act as its own counterweight and the elevation axis only has to be 2-3m in front of the dish in order to achieve a balanced telescope. Also the struts that support the camera from the dish place a load on the dish which will put a bending moment on the dish. This bending moment will deform the dish and require it to be stiffer. A counterweight structure performs two functions. First, it allows the telescope to be balanced about the elevation axis. Second, it applies a force on the dish that opposes the forces from the camera struts, thereby reducing the bending moment and deformations of the dish.

  11. Impact of Storm Water Recharge Practices on Boston Groundwater Elevations

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Vogel, Richard M.

    Impact of Storm Water Recharge Practices on Boston Groundwater Elevations Brian F. Thomas, S periodically experienced a decline in groundwater elevations and the associated deterioration of untreated wood a groundwater conservation overlay district enforced by city zoning boards to require storm water recharge

  12. Widespread foliage d15 N depletion under elevated CO2

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Thomas, David D.

    Widespread foliage d15 N depletion under elevated CO2: inferences for the nitrogen cycle H O R M O an integrated assessment of the nitrogen (N) cycle and whether it is influenced by rising atmospheric CO2 concentration. We tested the hypothesis that elevated CO2 significantly changes foliage d15 N in a wide range

  13. Digital Integrated Circuit (IC) Layout andDigital Integrated Circuit (IC) Layout and DesignDesign --Week 4, Lecture 8Week 4, Lecture 8

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    EE134 1 Digital Integrated Circuit (IC) Layout andDigital Integrated Circuit (IC) Layout and Design.5 0 0.5 1 1.5 2 2.5 x 10 -4 VDS (V) ID (A) Velocity Saturated Linear Saturated VDSAT=VGT VDS=VDSAT VDS=VGT #12;EE134 5 A Unified Model for Manual AnalysisA Unified Model for Manual Analysis #12;EE134 6

  14. Apparatus and method for managing digital resources by passing digital resource tokens between queues

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Crawford, H.J.; Lindenstruth, V.

    1999-06-29

    A method of managing digital resources of a digital system includes the step of reserving token values for certain digital resources in the digital system. A selected token value in a free-buffer-queue is then matched to an incoming digital resource request. The selected token value is then moved to a valid-request-queue. The selected token is subsequently removed from the valid-request-queue to allow a digital agent in the digital system to process the incoming digital resource request associated with the selected token. Thereafter, the selected token is returned to the free-buffer-queue. 6 figs.

  15. The National Digital Stewardship Alliance Charter: Enabling Collaboration to Achieve National Digital Preservation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Anderson, Martha; Gallinger, Michelle; Potter, Abigail

    2009-01-01

    is great. The time for an alliance is now. References Gantz,Digital Stewardship Alliance Charter: Enabling Collaborationforming a national stewardship alliance of committed digital

  16. LIFE3: Predicting Long Term Digital Preservation Costs

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wheatley, Paul; Hole, Brian

    2009-01-01

    dedicated Digital Preservation Team, the British Library hasthe Digital Preservation Team at the British Library isLibrary, which studied and compared both analogue and digital

  17. An Emergent Micro-Services Approach to Digital Curation Infrastructure

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Abrams, Stephen; Kunze, John; Loy, David

    2009-01-01

    Making of HathiTrust Digital Library. Archiving 2009 FinalLoy California Digital Library, University of California 415the California Digital Library UC Curation Center is re-

  18. Using Digital Images of the Zebra Finch Song System as

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2011-01-01

    barriers by creating a library of digital images of the birdcreating digital tools, including an image library of songlibrary, students not only repeat an Bird Song System Digital

  19. Center for Music Experiment: Creating a Digital Collection

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Garcia-Spitz, Cristela; Kesner, David; Reser, Greg

    2011-01-01

    available through the Digital Library Collections websiteBrad Westbrook • Digital Library Program: Robin Chandler,Stanonik, Huawei Weng • Digital Library Steering Committee:

  20. The Dartmouth Digital Library Program, Priorities, and Policies

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Myers, Lawrence C.

    The Dartmouth Digital Library Program, Priorities, and Policies #12;The Dartmouth Digital Library: Program, Priorities, and Policies 2 Librarian for Information Resources; Jennifer Kortfelt, Digital Library Technologies

  1. Digital Materiality: Preserving Access to Computers as Complete Environments

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2009-01-01

    engineering to digital libraries. MARBL’s 2006 acquisitionUniversity Libraries (EUL) emerging Born-Digital Archives (and Rare Book Library (MARBL) and from Digital Systems,

  2. Mass digitization and its impact on interlending and document supply

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Willett, Perry

    2009-01-01

    Microsoft, Joining Growing Digital-Library Effort, Will PayManager at the California Digital Library since 2008.the Head of the Digital Library Production Service at the

  3. Distributed Digital Preservation: Technical, Sustainability, and Organizational Developments

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Walters, Tyler; Bishoff, Liz; Gore, Emily B.; Jordan, Mark; Wilson, Thomas C

    2009-01-01

    Strategies for Sustaining Digital Libraries. (Atlanta: Emoryand the California Digital Library, has been the focus ofPersistent Digital Archives and Library System (PeDALS)

  4. Distributed Digital Preservation: Technical, Sustainability, and Organizational Developments

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Walters, Tyler; Bishoff, Liz; Gore, Emily B.; Jordan, Mark; Wilson, Thomas C

    2009-01-01

    to PLNs from digital asset management systems (DAMS) likeinstitution’s digital assets management workflow, however.systems, digital asset management systems, and content

  5. Biologically inspired digital fabrication

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Han, Sarah (Sarah J.)

    2013-01-01

    Objects and systems in nature are models for the practice of sustainable design and fabrication. From trees to bones, natural systems are characterized by the constant interplay of creation, environmental response, and ...

  6. Digital Fabrication Lab (Fab-Lab) Handbook F2010

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Papalambros, Panos

    Prototyping 3D printer ZCorp Z403 Rapid Prototyping 3D printer Prints 3D gypsum or starch models from digital.The submission process for 3d printing is outlined in the section below on 3d printing. Scheduling, equipment Mills 3D surfaces out of solid materials and cuts 2D profiles of flat stock materials. www

  7. A Framework for Working with Digitized Cultural Heritage Artifacts

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yanikoglu, Berrin

    of an artifact. We tested the tools on the special case of pottery analysis. 1 Introduction Using digital models]. Similar problems arise in the medical field as well, where the disparency between computer tools for estimating the rim radius of a vessel given a sherd belonging to the vessel's rim. The rim radius is used

  8. Plains Elevated Convection at Night (PECAN) Experiment Science Plan

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Turner, D; Parsons, D; Geerts, B

    2015-03-01

    The Plains Elevated Convection at Night (PECAN) experiment is a large field campaign that is being supported by the National Science Foundation (NSF) with contributions from the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA), the National Atmospheric and Space Administration (NASA), and the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE). The overarching goal of the PECAN experiment is to improve the understanding and simulation of the processes that initiate and maintain convection and convective precipitation at night over the central portion of the Great Plains region of the United States (Parsons et al. 2013). These goals are important because (1) a large fraction of the yearly precipitation in the Great Plains comes from nocturnal convection, (2) nocturnal convection in the Great Plains is most often decoupled from the ground and, thus, is forced by other phenomena aloft (e.g., propagating bores, frontal boundaries, low-level jets [LLJ], etc.), (3) there is a relative lack of understanding how these disturbances initiate and maintain nocturnal convection, and (4) this lack of understanding greatly hampers the ability of numerical weather and climate models to simulate nocturnal convection well. This leads to significant uncertainties in predicting the onset, location, frequency, and intensity of convective cloud systems and associated weather hazards over the Great Plains.

  9. Mesofluidic two stage digital valve

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Jansen, John F; Love, Lonnie J; Lind, Randall F; Richardson, Bradley S

    2013-12-31

    A mesofluidic scale digital valve system includes a first mesofluidic scale valve having a valve body including a bore, wherein the valve body is configured to cooperate with a solenoid disposed substantially adjacent to the valve body to translate a poppet carried within the bore. The mesofluidic scale digital valve system also includes a second mesofluidic scale valve disposed substantially perpendicular to the first mesofluidic scale valve. The mesofluidic scale digital valve system further includes a control element in communication with the solenoid, wherein the control element is configured to maintain the solenoid in an energized state for a fixed period of time to provide a desired flow rate through an orifice of the second mesofluidic valve.

  10. Digitally controlled distributed phase shifter

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Hietala, V.M.; Kravitz, S.H.; Vawter, G.A.

    1993-08-17

    A digitally controlled distributed phase shifter is comprised of N phase shifters. Digital control is achieved by using N binary length-weighted electrodes located on the top surface of a waveguide. A control terminal is attached to each electrode thereby allowing the application of a control signal. The control signal is either one or two discrete bias voltages. The application of the discrete bias voltages changes the modal index of a portion of the waveguide that corresponds to a length of the electrode to which the bias voltage is applied, thereby causing the phase to change through the underlying portion of the waveguide. The digitally controlled distributed phase shift network has a total phase shift comprised of the sum of the individual phase shifters.

  11. Structural Reliability of Bridges Elevated with Steel Pedestals 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bisadi, Vahid 1980-

    2012-09-19

    Overheight vehicle impact to bridge decks is a major problem in the transportation networks in the United States. An important factor that causes this problem is inadequate vertical clearance of bridges. Using steel pedestals to elevate bridge decks...

  12. Study of catalysis of coal gasification at elevated pressures...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    Study of catalysis of coal gasification at elevated pressures. Evaluation of 20 compounds at 850sup 0C Citation Details In-Document Search Title: Study of catalysis of coal...

  13. Roadmap: Digital Sciences Bachelor of Arts School of Digital Science

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Khan, Javed I.

    Geographic Information Science (4) COMM 43000 Communication Technology and Human Interaction (3) GEOG 49076 [15 Credits] ! DSCI 10410 Information Ethics and Social Responsibility 3 3 ! DSCI 13210 Design Information Science (3) COMT 21200 Ethical Hacking (3) ITEC 47413 Digital Video in Education (3) COMT 36308

  14. EFFECTS OF ELEVATED CO2 ON ROOT FUNCTION AND SOIL RESPIRATION IN A MOJAVE DESERT ECOSYSTEM

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Nowak, Robert S.

    2007-12-19

    Increases in atmospheric CO{sub 2} concentration during the last 250 years are unequivocal, and CO{sub 2} will continue to increase at least for the next several decades (Houghton et al. 2001, Keeling & Whorf 2002). Arid ecosystems are some of the most important biomes globally on a land surface area basis, are increasing in area at an alarming pace (Dregne 1991), and have a strong coupling with regional climate (Asner & Heidebrecht 2005). These water-limited ecosystems also are predicted to be the most sensitive to elevated CO{sub 2}, in part because they are stressful environments where plant responses to elevated CO{sub 2} may be amplified (Strain & Bazzaz 1983). Indeed, all C{sub 3} species examined at the Nevada Desert FACE Facility (NDFF) have shown increased A{sub net} under elevated CO{sub 2} (Ellsworth et al. 2004, Naumburg et al. 2003, Nowak et al. 2004). Furthermore, increased shoot growth for individual species under elevated CO{sub 2} was spectacular in a very wet year (Smith et al. 2000), although the response in low to average precipitation years has been smaller (Housman et al. 2006). Increases in perennial cover and biomass at the NDFF are consistent with long term trends in the Mojave Desert and elsewhere in the Southwest, indicating C sequestration in woody biomass (Potter et al. 2006). Elevated CO{sub 2} also increases belowground net primary production (BNPP), with average increases of 70%, 21%, and 11% for forests, bogs, and grasslands, respectively (Nowak et al. 2004). Although detailed studies of elevated CO{sub 2} responses for desert root systems were virtually non-existent prior to our research, we anticipated that C sequestration may occur by desert root systems for several reasons. First, desert ecosystems exhibit increases in net photosynthesis and primary production at elevated CO{sub 2}. If large quantities of root litter enter the ecosystem at a time when most decomposers are inactive, significant quantities of carbon may be stored belowground in relatively recalcitrant forms. Indeed, a model-based analysis predicted that the arid/semiarid southwestern bioclimatic region had one of the highest rates of net carbon storage in the United States over the past century (Schimel et al. 2000). Second, root systems of desert plants are often extensive (Foxx et al. 1984, Hartle et al. 2006) with relatively large proportions of roots deep in the soil (Schenk & Jackson 2002). Thus, an understanding of belowground processes in desert ecosystems provides information on the potential for terrestrial carbon sequestration in desert ecosystems.

  15. Digital cellular solids : reconfigurable composite materials

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cheung, Kenneth Chun-Wai

    2012-01-01

    Digital materials are comprised of a small number of types of discrete physical building blocks, which assemble to form constructions that meet the versatility and scalability of digital computation and communication ...

  16. The institutional repository in the digital library 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    MacColl, John; Jones, Richard D; Andrew, Theo

    We begin by looking at the concept of institutional repositories within the broader context of digital libraries. ‘Digital libraries’ can mean many things, but we consider them to be libraries first and foremost, and ...

  17. Cornucopia: The Concept of Digital Gastronomy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zoran, Amit Shlomo

    The authors present a new concept of digital gastronomy—Cornucopia, a futuristic cooking methodology based on digital technologies. They discuss how they have merged kitchen tools with science fiction and actual technologies ...

  18. Digital Preservation: A Campus-Wide Perspective

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fyffe, Richard; Ludwig, Deborah; Warner, Beth Forrest

    2005-08-30

    Preservation of digital content is an emerging aspect of the academy's stewardship responsibility. It requires more than simply extending traditional preservation practices to digital information or assuming that media backups are sufficient...

  19. Understanding human mobility patterns from digital traces

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yang, Yingxiang, S.M. Massachusetts Institute of Technology

    2013-01-01

    Our current digital age is characterized by the shift from traditional industry to an economy based on the information computerization. The sweeping changes brought about by digital computing have provided new data sources ...

  20. Frequency selective analog to digital converter design : optimality, fundamental limitations, and performance bounds

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Osqui, Mitra M., 1980-

    2013-01-01

    In this thesis, the problem of analysis and design of Analog to Digital Converters (ADCs) is studied within an optimal feedback control framework. A general ADC is modeled as a causal, discrete-time dynamical system with ...

  1. Digital Libraries `95 Proceedings 147 June 11-13, 1995 Digital Libraries: Issues and Architectures

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Redmiles, David F.

    Digital Libraries `95 Proceedings 147 June 11-13, 1995 Digital Libraries: Issues and Architectures for the Study of Digital Libraries Texas A&M University College Station, TX 77843-3112 USA {pnuern, furuta, leggett, marshall, shipman}@bush.cs.tamu.edu ABSTRACT The research field of digital libraries must

  2. Digital Soil Mapping: Interactions with

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Grunwald, Sabine

    Chapter 21 Digital Soil Mapping: Interactions with and Applications for Hydropedology J.A. Thompson,1, * S. Roecker,2 S. Grunwald3 and P.R. Owens4 ABSTRACT Spatial information on soils, particularly hydrologic and hydromorphic soil properties, is used to understand and assess soil water retention, flooding

  3. DIGITAL Visual Fortran Programmer's Guide

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Digital Equipment Corporation makes no representations that the use of its products in the manner Line n Compiler and Linker Options n Debugging Fortran Programs n Performance: Making Programs Run and Automation Objects n Programming with Mixed Languages n Creating Multithread Applications Topics related

  4. "Elevated heat pump" hypothesis for the aerosolmonsoon hydroclimate link: "Grounded" in observations?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nigam, Sumant

    "Elevated heat pump" hypothesis for the aerosolmonsoon hydroclimate link: "Grounded April 2010; published 18 August 2010. [1] The viability of the elevated heat pump hypothesis, S., and M. Bollasina (2010), "Elevated heat pump" hypothesis for the aerosolmonsoon hydroclimate

  5. Impact Schedule Building Interactive Digital Libraries

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    New Ideas Impact Schedule Building Interactive Digital Libraries of Formal Algorithmic Knowledge Winter 2002 Elaborate conceptual basis for FDL Implement Prototype Formal Digital Library Add content in formal digital libraries § The project is testing these mechanisms and tools in a prototype formal

  6. Geoffrey R Weller Library Digital Initiatives Librarian

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Northern British Columbia, University of

    Geoffrey R Weller Library Digital Initiatives Librarian (Two Year Term Position) The Geoffrey R information technology as well as to manage, maintain, and develop the library's digital infrastructure in Libraryand Information Studies. Experience with the delivery of digital library services is required

  7. Digital image library development in academic environment

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Corran, Ruth

    1 Digital image library development in academic environment: designing and testing usability@aup.fr Keywords: Digital image library, usability, student projects, participatory design Abstract Case study Purpose By reporting the experience gained in the development of a digital image library in academic

  8. Access Digital Library, Search, News and more

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Goodrich, Lisa V.

    [General] Access Digital Library, Search, News and more [Education] Access MyCourses content [Research] Access Digital Library, NCBI Blast and more [Personal] Access your portable bookmarks using My and 500 textbooks via the Digital Library, one click access to NCBI Blast sequence databases. [General

  9. On digital plane preimage structure D. Coeurjolly a

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sivignon, Isabelle

    : digital plane preimage, digital straight line, dual transformation. 1 Introduction Digital straightnessOn digital plane preimage structure D. Coeurjolly a , I. Sivignon b , F. Dupont a , F. Feschet c´ezeaux, B.P.86 F-63172 AUBIERE Cedex, France Abstract In digital geometry, digital straightness

  10. Performance of MOV Stem Lubricants at Elevated Temperatures

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    DeWall, Kevin George; Nitzel, Michael Everett; Watkins, John Clifford

    2001-07-01

    This paper documents the results of recent tests sponsored by the U. S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC) and performed by the Idaho National Engineering and Environmental Laboratory (INEEL). These tests address the effectiveness of the lubricant used on the threaded portion of the valve stem, where the stem nut turns on the stem. Recent testing indicates that an elevated temperature environment can lead to significant increases in the friction coefficient at the stem/stem-nut interface. Most valve actuator qualification tests are performed at room temperature. Similarly, in-service tests are run at ambient plant temperatures, usually 70 to 100°F. Since design conditions can lead to valve operating temperatures in the 200 to 300°F range, it is important to know whether a temperature-induced increase in friction at the stem/stem-nut interface will prevent the required operation of critical valves. Lubricant aging is another phenomenon that might have deleterious effects on the thrust output of a valve actuator. Laboratory experience and field experience both indicate that after long periods in elevated temperature environments, the lubricants may lose their lubrication qualities. The scope of the current test program includes testing of five different lubricants on four different valve stems. Pending completion of the testing, results of the tests conducted using two of the four stems are discussed. The test series included collection of baseline data at room temperature, single step temperature tests where the temperature of the test setup was elevated directly to 250°F, and step testing where the temperature was elevated in steps to 130, 190, and 250°F, then returned to 70°F. All greases tested showed evidence of physical change after elevated temperature tests. Except for one particular lubricant, all of the greases tested showed increased coefficients of friction at elevated temperatures. Numerous other preliminary conclusions are presented. Recommendations for future research in the area of aged valve stem lubricant performance at elevated temperatures are also presented.

  11. Does low stomatal conductance or photosynthetic capacity enhance growth at elevated CO2 in Arabidopsis thaliana?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Easlon, Hsien M; Carlisle, Eli; McKay, John K; Bloom, Arnold J

    2015-01-01

    Does low g enhance growth at elevated CO 2 ? To whomEcophysiology and Sustainability Does low g enhance growthat elevated CO 2 ? Does low stomatal conductance or

  12. Fatigue of ceramics at elevated temperatures: Microstructural design for optimal performance

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ritchie, R.O.; Chen, D.; Zhang, X.F.

    2000-01-01

    D IVISION FATIGUE OF CERAMICS AT ELEVATED TEMPERATURES:76SF00098. FATIGUE OF CERAMICS AT ELEVATED TEMPERATURES:silicon carbide (SiC) ceramics offer many advantages,

  13. Shock sensitivity of IHE at elevated temperatures

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Urtiew, P.A.; Cook, T.M.; Maienschein, J.L.; Tarver, C.M.

    1993-06-01

    Insensitive high explosives (IHE`s) based on triamino-trinitrobenzene (TATB) have been demonstrated to be very insensitive to shock, thermal, friction and other stimuli. Hazard scenarios can involve more than one stimulus, such as heating followed by fragment impact (shock). The shock sensitivity of the IHE`s LX-17 and PBX-9502 preheated to a temperature (250{degree}C) just below thermal runaway is quantitatively studied using embedded manganin pressure gauges. The thermal expansion of TATB to 250{degree}C is measured to determine the state of the explosive prior to shock initiation. LX-17 and PBX-9502 are found to be significantly more sensitive at 250{degree}C than at lower temperatures, but still less sensitive than ambient temperature HMX-based explosives. An ignition and growth reactive flow computer model of the shock initiation of hot IHE is developed to allow predictions of the response of hot IHE to impact scenarios which can not be tested directly.

  14. Design exploration through bidirectional modeling of constraints

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kilian, Axel, 1971-

    2006-01-01

    Today digital models for design exploration are not used to their full potential. The research efforts in the past decades have placed geometric design representations firmly at the center of digital design environments. ...

  15. Digital Games and Biodiversity Conservation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sandbrook, Chris; Adams, William M.; Monteferri, Bruno

    2014-06-16

    contributions and associated risks of using digital games for conservation Contribution to Target Hoped-for impact conservation audience on audience Advantages Risks 1. Education and behavior change General public Changed personal habits (e.g., sustainable... - signed to enthuse children about the importance of pol- lination is unlikely to have the same effect on decision makers in the ministry of agriculture: the underpinning science might be the same, but the message, game envi- ronment, and game architecture...

  16. Author's personal copy On stairwell and elevator shaft pressurization for smoke control

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Miller, Richard S.

    Author's personal copy On stairwell and elevator shaft pressurization for smoke control in tall Stairwell pressurization Elevator pressurization a b s t r a c t Elevator shaft and stairwell shaft is found to be completely feasible in the absence of elevator shaft pressurization. In contrast, coupled

  17. Anshuman Razdan Page 1 1/7/2002 A 3D Digital Library System: Capture, Analysis, Query, and Display

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Anshuman Razdan Page 1 1/7/2002 A 3D Digital Library System: Capture, Analysis, Query, and Display and results provide a model for a Digital Library of 3D data for further study and analysis. The initial focus to permit users to interact with the data using sketches or by selecting sample vessel shapes to augment

  18. DiLiA The Digital Library Assistant Kathrin Eichler, Holmer Hemsen, Gnter Neumann, Norbert Reithinger, Sven

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Neumann, Günter

    to enter a search term for searching in the digital libraries metadata. In addition, the user can add items the search in digital libraries in sev- eral dimensions. In the project advanced information visualisation meth- ods are developed for user controlled interactive search. The interaction model has been designed

  19. Building Digital Libraries for Scientific Data: An Exploratory Study of Data Pratices in Habitat Ecology

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Borgman, C L; Wallis, J C; Enyedy, N

    2006-01-01

    Building Digital Libraries for Scientific Data: Anscientific capital, digital libraries of data become morecollaborative research [1]. Digital libraries are essential

  20. Melting Alpine Glaciers Enrich High-Elevation Lakes with Reactive

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wolfe, Alexander P.

    melt alone (SF lakes) and those fed by both glacial and snowpack meltwaters (GSF lakes). We foundMelting Alpine Glaciers Enrich High-Elevation Lakes with Reactive Nitrogen J A S M I N E E . S A R century in many regions of the world. Resulting changes in glacial runoff not only affect the hydrological

  1. Dramatically elevated rate of mitochondrial substitution in lice (Insecta: Phthiraptera)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Clayton, Dale H.

    mitochondrial DNA, compared to comparable nuclear genes (Brown et al., 1979; Johnson and Clayton, 2000; MiyataDramatically elevated rate of mitochondrial substitution in lice (Insecta: Phthiraptera) Kevin P. Johnson,a,* Robert H. Cruickshank,b Richard J. Adams,c Vincent S. Smith,b Roderic D.M. Page,b and Dale H

  2. 2004-01-2299 Elevated Carbon Dioxide Alters Hydrocarbon

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paré, Paul W.

    2004-01-2299 Elevated Carbon Dioxide Alters Hydrocarbon Emissions and Flavor in Onion P. W. Paré, R of low-molecular-weight hydrocarbons and sulfur derivatives. Odd-chain ketones are emitted from onion-through chambers, volatile hydrocarbons from undamaged plants can be collected under different environmental

  3. Exploring Variety in Digital Collections and the Implications for Digital Preservation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Smith, MacKenzie

    2005-01-01

    The amount of digital content produced at academic research institutions is large, and libraries and archives at these institutions have a responsibility to bring this digital material under curatorial control in order to ...

  4. Preservation Planning for Digital Information: Final Report of the HVC2 Digital Preservation Task Force

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fyffe, Richard; Ludwig, Deborah; Roach, Mary; Schulte, Becky; Warner, Beth Forrest

    2004-11-11

    Digital preservation is the ongoing process of managing data for continuing access and use. The University of Kansas Digital Preservation Task Force was charged in October 2003 to explore the implications of a University commitment...

  5. Digital Immersive Virtual Environments and Instructional Computing

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Blascovich, Jim; Beall, Andrew C.

    2010-01-01

    Immersive virtual environment technology as a research toolimmersive virtual environment technology (IVET) is the mostthat digital virtual environment technology permits and that

  6. Digital signal generation for wireless communication systems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rode, Jeremy

    2010-01-01

    Switching Amplifiers and Aperiodic Drive ..23 Figures of Merit and Metrics to Address Digital Amplifier Design.24 Drain Efficiency..24 Multistage Efficiency and Power-

  7. Digital meteorological radar data compared with digital infrared data from a geostationary meteorological satellite 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Henderson, Rodney Stuart

    1979-01-01

    DIGITAL METEOROLOGICAL RADAR DATA COMPARED WITH DIGITAL INFRARED DATA FROM A GEOSTATIONARY METEOROLOGICAL SATELLITE A Thesis by RODNEY STUART HENDFRSON Submitted to the Graduate College of Texas A&M University in partial fulfillment... of the requirement for the degree of MASTER OF SCIFNCE May I979 Ma jor Subject: Meteorology DIGITAL METEOROLOGICAL RADAR DATA COMPARED WITH DIGITAL INFRARED DATA FROM A GEOSTATIONAFY METEOROLOGICAL SATELLITE A Thesis by RODNEY STUART HENDERSON Approved...

  8. Key Factors for Digital Collections August 7, 2007

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    by Fondren's Digital Library Initiative We evaluate digital projects on a case by case basis. There is no oneKey Factors for Digital Collections August 7, 2007 Rice University Digital Repository Supported formula for this process and in fact welcome open discussion on potential digital projects

  9. Digital Identities | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious Rank EERE: Alternative Fuels DataEnergy Webinar:IAbout Us|of EnergySmall- Report to CongressDigital

  10. Scott Nicholson -Bibliomining for Automated Collection Development in ...etting: Using Data Mining to Discover Web-Based Scholarly Research Work Nicholson, S. (2003). Bibliomining for automated collection development in a digital library setting

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nicholson, Scott

    2003-01-01

    development in a digital library setting: Using data mining to discover web-based scholarly research works for Automated Collection Development in a Digital Library Setting: Using Data Mining to Discover Web in a digital library setting. It uses a predictive model based on facets of each Web page to select scholarly

  11. The Sloan Digital Sky Survey

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bruce Margon

    1998-08-19

    The Sloan Digital Sky Survey is an ambitious, multi-institutional project to create a huge digital imaging and spectroscopic data bank of 25% of the celestial sphere, approximately 10,000 deg^2 centred on the north galactic polar cap. The photometric atlas will be in 5 specially-chosen colours, covering the pi ster of the Survey area to a limiting magnitude of r~23.1, on 0.4" pixels, resulting in a 1 Tpixel map. This data base will be automatically analysed to catalog the photometric and astrometric properties of 10^8 stellar images, 10^8 galaxies, and 10^6 colour-selected QSO candidates; the galaxy data will in addition include detailed morphological data. The photometric data are used to autonomously and homogeneously select objects for the spectroscopic survey, which will include spectra of 10^6 galaxies, 10^5 QSOs, and 10^5 unusual stars. Although the project was originally motivated by the desire to study Large Scale Structure, we anticipate that these data will impact virtually every field of astronomy, from Earth-crossing asteroids to QSOs at z>6. In particular, the ~12 TByte multi-colour, precision calibrated imaging archive should be a world resource for many decades of the next century.

  12. Original articles The Stanford Digital Library metadata architecturec

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gravano, Luis

    Original articles The Stanford Digital Library metadata architecturec Michelle Baldonado, Chen / Accepted: 14 January 1997 Abstract. The overall goal of the Stanford Digital Library project is to provide an infrastructure that aords interoperability among heterogeneous, autono- mous digital library services

  13. A Digital Microphone Array for Distant Speech Recognition 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zwyssig, Erich; Lincoln, Mike; Renals, Steve

    2010-01-01

    In this paper, the design, implementation and testing of a digital microphone array is presented. The array uses digital MEMS microphones which integrate the microphone, amplifier and analogue to digital converter on a single chip in place...

  14. Digitally Assisted and Hybrid Architectures for RF Transceivers in

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dawson, Joel

    ! #12;15 Digitally assisted CFB, part I · Slowly step through all symbols, and fill LUT. #12;16 Digitally assisted CFB, part II · Transmit using open-loop digital predistortion. · Retrain as needed. #12

  15. From Point to Pixel: A Genealogy of Digital Aesthetics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hoy, Meredith Anne

    2010-01-01

    From Point to Pixel: A Genealogy of Digital Aesthetics byFrom Point to Pixel: A Genealogy of Digital Aesthetics byFrom Point to Pixel: A Genealogy of Digital Aesthetics, I

  16. Corrosion resistant coatings suitable for elevated temperature application

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Chan, Kwai S. (San Antonio, TX); Cheruvu, Narayana Sastry (San Antonio, TX); Liang, Wuwei (Austin, TX)

    2012-07-31

    The present invention relates to corrosion resistance coatings suitable for elevated temperature applications, which employ compositions of iron (Fe), chromium (Cr), nickel (Ni) and/or aluminum (Al). The compositions may be configured to regulate the diffusion of metals between a coating and a substrate, which may then influence coating performance, via the formation of an inter-diffusion barrier layer. The inter-diffusion barrier layer may comprise a face-centered cubic phase.

  17. Systems simulation of oil additives to grain at terminal elevators 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Goforth, Kerry James

    1985-01-01

    Negligible colorless, odorless stable, inert From: McIlveen, 1984 12 Previous Research Dust suppression characteristics of mineral oil have been evaluated at the United States Grain Marketing Research Laboratory in Manhatten, Kansas. Lai et al. (1981... and are not separated out by normal grain inspection procedures. Foreign matter reductions of up to 1. 5 percent have been reported in informal experiments (Hegadorn, 1984). Country elevators that have no dust collection systems are realizing savings from oil...

  18. Does elevated CO2 alter silica uptake in trees?

    DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

    Fulweiler, Robinson W.; Maguire, Timothy J.; Carey, Joanna C.; Finzi, Adrien C.

    2015-01-13

    Human activities have greatly altered global carbon (C) and Nitrogen (N) cycling. In fact, atmospheric concentrations of carbon dioxide (CO2) have increased 40% over the last century and the amount of N cycling in the biosphere has more than doubled. In an effort to understand how plants will respond to continued global CO2 fertilization, longterm free-air CO2 enrichment experiments have been conducted at sites around the globe. Here we examine how atmospheric CO2 enrichment and N fertilization affects the uptake of silicon (Si) in the Duke Forest, North Carolina, a stand dominated by Pinus taeda (loblolly pine), and five hardwoodmore »species. Specifically, we measured foliar biogenic silica concentrations in five deciduous and one coniferous species across three treatments: CO2 enrichment, N enrichment, and N and CO2 enrichment. We found no consistent trends in foliar Si concentration under elevated CO2, N fertilization, or combined elevated CO2 and N fertilization. However, two-thirds of the tree species studied here have Si foliar concentrations greater than well-known Si accumulators, such as grasses. Based on net primary production values and aboveground Si concentrations in these trees, we calculated forest Si uptake rates under control and elevated CO2 concentrations. Due largely to increased primary production, elevated CO2 enhanced the magnitude of Si uptake between 20 and 26%, likely intensifying the terrestrial silica pump. This uptake of Si by forests has important implications for Si export from terrestrial systems, with the potential to impact C sequestration and higher trophic levels in downstream ecosystems.« less

  19. Organizing Digital Libraries by Automated Text Categorization

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rauber,Andreas

    Classification Scheme. When it was proclaimed that the Library contained all books, the first impression was oneOrganizing Digital Libraries by Automated Text Categorization Henri Avancini1 , Andreas Rauber2, that is of direct concern to organizing digital libraries. We exemplify this class of applications by discussing

  20. RF digital-to-analog converter

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Conway, Patrick H. (Rancho Palos Verdes, CA); Yu, David U. L. (Rancho Palos Verdes, CA)

    1995-01-01

    A digital-to analogue converter for producing an RF output signal proportional to a digital input word of N bits from an RF reference input, N being an integer greater or equal to 2. The converter comprises a plurality of power splitters, power combiners and a plurality of mixers or RF switches connected in a predetermined configuration.

  1. RF digital-to-analog converter

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Conway, P.H.; Yu, D.U.L.

    1995-02-28

    A digital-to-analog converter is disclosed for producing an RF output signal proportional to a digital input word of N bits from an RF reference input, N being an integer greater or equal to 2. The converter comprises a plurality of power splitters, power combiners and a plurality of mixers or RF switches connected in a predetermined configuration. 18 figs.

  2. Collection Metadata Solutions for Digital Library Applications

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Janée, Greg

    sources that once could be considered as distinct primary (original works), secondary (indexingCollection Metadata Solutions for Digital Library Applications Linda L. Hill and Greg Jane´ e Alexandria Digital Library Project, University of California, Santa Barbara, 1205 Girvetz, Santa Barbara, CA

  3. Optical analog-to-digital converter

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Vawter, G. Allen (Corrales, NM); Raring, James (Goleta, CA); Skogen, Erik J. (Albuquerque, NM)

    2009-07-21

    An optical analog-to-digital converter (ADC) is disclosed which converts an input optical analog signal to an output optical digital signal at a sampling rate defined by a sampling optical signal. Each bit of the digital representation is separately determined using an optical waveguide interferometer and an optical thresholding element. The interferometer uses the optical analog signal and the sampling optical signal to generate a sinusoidally-varying output signal using cross-phase-modulation (XPM) or a photocurrent generated from the optical analog signal. The sinusoidally-varying output signal is then digitized by the thresholding element, which includes a saturable absorber or at least one semiconductor optical amplifier, to form the optical digital signal which can be output either in parallel or serially.

  4. Camera-based Texture Mapping: An Approach for Creating Digital Environments with Foreground Forms Using 2d Paintings 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Samman, Juwana Nicole

    2008-10-10

    This thesis develops the method of using textures projected from the perspective of a projection camera, in combination with two-dimensional paintings and threedimensional models, to create digital environments. Past uses ...

  5. Born Broken: Fonts and Information Loss in Legacy Digital Documents

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Brown, Geoffrey; Woods, Kam

    2009-01-01

    ACM conference on Digital libraries, 152–161. New York, NY,joint conference on Digital libraries, 86–94. New York, NY,

  6. Improved Engine Control Strategies Enabled by Digital Signal...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Engine Control Strategies Enabled by Digital Signal-Processing Method for Zirconia Exhaust Sensors Improved Engine Control Strategies Enabled by Digital Signal-Processing Method...

  7. The Digital Revolution in Measurements

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kirkham, Harold

    2013-02-27

    This paper considers what it means to make a measurement, and the changes in measurement technology over the years. The impact of the latest changes, which have resulted in most electrical measurements being done digitally, is explored. It is argued that the process of measurement can be considered equivalent to one of data compression. The smart grid will certainly result in many more signals being made available, and therefore a great deal of data compression will be taking place. Measurements will be made in parts of the power system presently unmonitored, as well as parts that are already well covered by instrumentation. The smart grid engineer must decide what it means to have “useful” information. Unless care is taken, the signal processing may furnish information that is not useful, and may not even make sense. The paper concludes by examining the possibilities of data compression from multiple separate signals.

  8. Ever since the first appearance of computer viruses on the digital landscape, our under-

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kleinberg, Jon

    Ever since the first appearance of computer viruses on the digital landscape, our under- standing- demiological models to track how a computer virus spreads. A crucial ingredient in these models the potential to infect whom. Traditionally, computer viruses have propagated on networks that bear little

  9. Impact of elevated nitrate on sulfate-reducing bacteria: A comparative study of Desulfovibrio vulgaris

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    He, Q.; He, Z.; Joyner, D.C.; Joachimiak, M.; Price, M.N.; Yang, Z.K.; Yen, H.-C. B.; Hemme, C. L.; Chen, W.; Fields, M.; Stahl, D. A.; Keasling, J. D.; Keller, M.; Arkin, A. P.; Hazen, T. C.; Wall, J. D.; Zhou, J.

    2010-07-15

    Sulfate-reducing bacteria have been extensively studied for their potential in heavy-metal bioremediation. However, the occurrence of elevated nitrate in contaminated environments has been shown to inhibit sulfate reduction activity. Although the inhibition has been suggested to result from the competition with nitrate-reducing bacteria, the possibility of direct inhibition of sulfate reducers by elevated nitrate needs to be explored. Using Desulfovibrio vulgaris as a model sulfate-reducing bacterium, functional genomics analysis reveals that osmotic stress contributed to growth inhibition by nitrate as shown by the upregulation of the glycine/betaine transporter genes and the relief of nitrate inhibition by osmoprotectants. The observation that significant growth inhibition was effected by 70 mM NaNO{sub 3} but not by 70 mM NaCl suggests the presence of inhibitory mechanisms in addition to osmotic stress. The differential expression of genes characteristic of nitrite stress responses, such as the hybrid cluster protein gene, under nitrate stress condition further indicates that nitrate stress response by D. vulgaris was linked to components of both osmotic and nitrite stress responses. The involvement of the oxidative stress response pathway, however, might be the result of a more general stress response. Given the low similarities between the response profiles to nitrate and other stresses, less-defined stress response pathways could also be important in nitrate stress, which might involve the shift in energy metabolism. The involvement of nitrite stress response upon exposure to nitrate may provide detoxification mechanisms for nitrite, which is inhibitory to sulfate-reducing bacteria, produced by microbial nitrate reduction as a metabolic intermediate and may enhance the survival of sulfate-reducing bacteria in environments with elevated nitrate level.

  10. The experience and image of American elevated railways : rapid transit infrastructure in the urban consciousness

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hansen, Gordon Benedict

    2009-01-01

    At the turn of the twentieth century, elevated railways were built out of a practical need to literally "elevate" traffic above the street. In most cases, these lines served two distinct purposes. They served existing ...

  11. Estimated impacts of climate warming on California’s high-elevation hydropower

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Madani, Kaveh; Lund, Jay R.

    2010-01-01

    on high elevation hydropower generation in California’sCalifornia’s high-elevation hydropower Kaveh Madani · Jay R.Abstract California’s hydropower system is composed of high

  12. Estimated impacts of climate warming on California’s high-elevation hydropower

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Madani, Kaveh; Lund, Jay R.

    2010-01-01

    Cubed M (2005) Potential changes in hydropower productionpotential effects of climate warming on high-elevation hydropower

  13. Three-dimensional scapulothoracic motion during active and passive arm elevation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Karduna, Andrew

    Three-dimensional scapulothoracic motion during active and passive arm elevation D. David Ebaugh a (active versus passive arm elevation) on three-dimensional scapulothoracic motion. Methods. Twenty during active and passive arm elevation. Muscle activity was recorded from surface electrodes over

  14. Effects of elevated CO2 , nitrogen deposition, and decreased species diversity on foliar fungal plant disease

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Thomas, David D.

    Effects of elevated CO2 , nitrogen deposition, and decreased species diversity on foliar fungal Three components of global change, elevated CO2 , nitrogen addition, and decreased plant species increasing more in pathogen load. Elevated CO2 increased pathogen load of C3 grasses, perhaps by decreasing

  15. Energy Savings Assessment for Digital-to-Analog Converter Boxes

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Cheung, Hoi Ying Iris; Meier, Alan; Brown, Richard

    2011-01-18

    The Digital Television (DTV) Converter Box Coupon Program was administered by the U.S. government to subsidize purchases of digital-to-analog converter boxes, with up to two $40 coupons for each eligible household. In order to qualify as Coupon Eligible Converter Boxes (CECBs), these devices had to meet a number of minimum performance specifications, including energy efficiency standards. The Energy Star Program also established voluntary energy efficiency specifications that are more stringent than the CECB requirements. In this study, we measured the power and energy consumptions for a sample of 12 CECBs (including 6 Energy Star labeled models) in-use in homes and estimated aggregate energy savings produced by the energy efficiency policies. Based on the 35 million coupons redeemed through the end of the program, our analysis indicates that between 2500 and 3700 GWh per year are saved as a result of the energy efficiency policies implemented on digital-to-analog converter boxes. The energy savings generated are equivalent to the annual electricity use of 280,000 average US homes.

  16. The Digital Motion Control System for the Submillimeter Array Antennas

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hunter, T R; Kimberk, R; Leiker, P S; Patel, N A; Blundell, R; Christensen, R D; Diven, A R; Maute, J; Plante, R J; Riddle, P; Young, K H

    2013-01-01

    We describe the design and performance of the digital servo and motion control system for the 6-meter diameter parabolic antennas of the Submillimeter Array (SMA) on Mauna Kea, Hawaii. The system is divided into three nested layers operating at a different, appropriate bandwidth. (1) A rack-mounted, real-time Unix system runs the position loop which reads the high resolution azimuth and elevation encoders and sends velocity and acceleration commands at 100 Hz to a custom-designed servo control board (SCB). (2) The microcontroller-based SCB reads the motor axis tachometers and implements the velocity loop by sending torque commands to the motor amplifiers at 558 Hz. (3) The motor amplifiers implement the torque loop by monitoring and sending current to the three-phase brushless drive motors at 20 kHz. The velocity loop uses a traditional proportional-integral-derivative (PID) control algorithm, while the position loop uses only a proportional term and implements a command shaper based on the Gauss error functi...

  17. An Automated Method for Digitizing Color Thematic Maps

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lawrence, Rick L.

    was to capture analog maps in three color bands using a digital camera and perform a su- pervised classification on the resulting digital images to pro- duce digital thematic maps for GIS analysis. Post classification proceduresAn Automated Method for Digitizing Color Thematic Maps Rick L. Lawrence, Joseph E. Means

  18. Some thoughts on the near-future Digital Mathematics Library

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    Some thoughts on the near-future Digital Mathematics Library Thierry Bouche Université de Grenoble. The mathematicians' Digital mathematics library (DML) summarises the generous project that all mathematics ever literature is already available in some digital format, nothing looking like one digital mathematics library

  19. Workshop report: Usability of Digital Libraries @ JCDL'02 Ann Blandford

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Blandford, Ann

    Workshop report: Usability of Digital Libraries @ JCDL'02 Ann Blandford UCL Interaction Centre a workshop on "Usability of Digital Libraries" at JCDL'02 was the recognition that digital libraries. An interviewee in one of our earlier studies on experiences of working with digital libraries commented that "It

  20. Concurrent signal combining and channel estimation in digital communications

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Ormesher, Richard C. (Albuquerque, NM); Mason, John J. (Albuquerque, NM)

    2011-08-30

    In the reception of digital information transmitted on a communication channel, a characteristic exhibited by the communication channel during transmission of the digital information is estimated based on a communication signal that represents the digital information and has been received via the communication channel. Concurrently with the estimating, the communication signal is used to decide what digital information was transmitted.

  1. International Journal on Digital ISSN 1432-5012

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Schulze, Jürgen P.

    library infra- structure such as Fedora. Keywords Digital preservation · Policy-driven system · Policy

  2. Everything Digital: Converting the world in 2 Exabytes

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Lesk, Michael

    2003-11-05

    Nearly everything created today is in digital format: music is on digital CDs, documents come from word processing, still photography is switching to digital cameras and even movies are now edited digitally. What about the past? We have projects like the Million Book Project scanning one million books, and we know technically how to convert everything: the problems are legal, economic and organizational.

  3. BIOMEDICAL APPLICATIONS OF DIGITAL AUTORADIOGRAPHY WITH A MWPC

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bellazzini, R.

    2010-01-01

    LBL-13772 Biomedical Applications of Digital Autoradiographya very useful detector for biomedical applications. Compared

  4. Interactive Document Processing and Digital Libraries George Nagy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nagy, George

    Interactive Document Processing and Digital Libraries George Nagy Electrical, Computer and Systems explore connections between digital libraries and in- teractive document image analysis. Digital libraries in digital libraries to target problems whose solu- tion would automate, or partially automate, tasks cur

  5. Status of the NDLTD Networked Digital Library of Theses

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Beex, A. A. "Louis"

    Status of the NDLTD Networked Digital Library of Theses and Dissertations Gail McMillan Digital;The Networked Digital Library of Theses and Dissertations www.NDLTD.org Leader of the Worldwide ETD? · Help graduate students learn about e- publishing and digital libraries · Apply that knowledge

  6. Digital asset pricing in the textbook market

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Molina, Katherine (Katherine V.)

    2011-01-01

    The U.S. college textbook market is in the midst of a seismic shift: publishers are creating new products, students are demanding more sophisticated digital content and instructors are just beginning to experiment with ...

  7. Text representations in digital hypermedia library systems 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lokken, Sveinung Taraldsrud

    1993-01-01

    The advent of the digital library poses a great number of challenging research questions in the areas of hypermedia, computer-human interaction, information retrieval, and information science. Choosing a representation for text converted from...

  8. SIP : a smart digital image processing library

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zhou, Mengyao

    2005-01-01

    The Smart Image Processing (SIP) library was developed to provide automated real-time digital image processing functions on camera phones with integer microprocessors. Many of the functions are not available on commercial ...

  9. Speech processing using digital MEMS microphones 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zwyssig, Erich Paul

    2013-11-28

    The last few years have seen the start of a unique change in microphones for consumer devices such as smartphones or tablets. Almost all analogue capacitive microphones are being replaced by digital silicon microphones ...

  10. Digital Mapping Of Structurally Controlled Geothermal Features...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    greatly speed the process of gathering data in the field and converting it into digital GIS-compatible formats. Authors Mark F. Coolbaugh, Chris Sladek, Chris Kratt and Gary...

  11. Mobile retrospective : shrinking the digital divide

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    McLean, David Bruce, 1975-

    2003-01-01

    The concept of the digital divide is a condition in the urban context where informationalization via computer technology exacerbates a duality that consists of those who have access to information technologies, and those ...

  12. Digital Construction Platform: A Compound Arm Approach

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Spielberg, Nathan A.

    2014-01-01

    We introduce a novel large-scale Digital Construction Platform (DCP) for on-site sensing, analysis, and fabrication. The DCP is an in-progress research project consisting of a compound robotic arm system comprised of a ...

  13. DIGITAL SYNTHESIS TOOLS FOR EDUCATION AND RESEARCH

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kruus, Margus

    and manufacturing of digital systems to new grades of complexity. Computer aided design education deals an interactive environment of "leaning by doing". Beyond their ability to better convey certain concepts

  14. Cultivating Shared Services - Four Winds Digital Signage 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bolton, Michael; Richardson, Casey; Sweeney, David

    2015-10-27

    Shared Services Four Winds Digital Signage Texas A&M Technology Summit 2015 February 10-13, 2015 Moody Gardens Galveston, Texas Presenters • Michael Bolton, TAMU Libraries • Casey Richardson, TAMU Marketing and Communications • David Sweeney, TAMU...

  15. Digital imaging tracing technology for print media 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Milne, Stewart William

    1997-01-01

    This thesis examines and analyzes the existing state of digital technology use in print media and the attitudes of those using the technology to develop a technology that would help prevent the unethical manipulation of ...

  16. Material feedback in digital design tools

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stanton, Christian J

    2009-01-01

    How do design tools feedback material behavior to the designer? Digital design tools in use by designers today provide a rich environment for design of form but offer little feedback of the material that ultimately realize ...

  17. Digital electronic bone growth stimulator

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Kronberg, J.W.

    1993-01-01

    The present invention relates to the electrical treatment of biological tissue. In particular, the present invention discloses a device that produces discrete electrical pulse trains for treating osteoporosis and accelerating bone growth. According to its major aspects and broadly stated, the present invention consists of an electrical circuit configuration capable of generating Bassett-type waveforms shown with alternative signals provide for the treatment of either fractured bones or osteoporosis. The signal generator comprises a quartz clock, an oscillator circuit, a binary divider chain, and a plurality of simple, digital logic gates. Signals are delivered efficiently, with little or no distortion, and uniformly distributed throughout the area of injury. Perferably, power is furnished by widely available and inexpensive radio batteries, needing replacement only once in several days. The present invention can be affixed to a medical cast without a great increase in either weight or bulk. Also, the disclosed stimulator can be used to treat osteoporosis or to strengthen a healing bone after the cast has been removed by attaching the device to the patient`s skin or clothing.

  18. Digital image processing of coal stream combustion 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gopalakrishnan, Chengappalli Periyasamy

    1994-01-01

    DIGITAL IMAGE PROCESSING OF COAL STREAM COMBUSTION A Thesis by CHENGAPPALLI PERIYASAMY GOPALAKRISHNAN Submitted to Texas A k M University in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE Approved as to style... and content by: a yan Annama at (Chair of Committee) en (Member) Norman C. Gris old (Member) George Peterson (Head of Department) May 1994 Major Subject: Mechanical Engineering ABSTRACT Digital Image Processing of Coal Stream Combustion. (May 1994...

  19. KU Libraries Digital Data Services Strategy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    McEathron, Scott R.

    2013-01-16

    : facilitating access to and understanding of digital research data. Enhancing data access (sharing, publication) and data literacy can be achieved in the following ways: 1) enhance metadata quality in systems such as KU ScholarWorks; 2) better establish... of abstraction from which information and then knowledge are derived; may be structured or unstructured; digital or analog; factual numbers, words, images, etc., accepted as they stand that are often used as a basis for reasoning, discussion, or calculation.4...

  20. Digital Music Research UK Roadmap www.dmrn.org/roadmap Developed by the Digital Music Research Network 1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Miranda, Eduardo Reck

    Digital Music Research ­ UK Roadmap www.dmrn.org/roadmap Developed by the Digital Music Research Network 1 Research Goals in Digital Music: A Ten Year View Music Exploitation and Distribution Recent advances in Digital Music Research point to many new and enhanced ways that music will be stored

  1. Digital Music Research UK Roadmap www.dmrn.org/roadmap Developed by the Digital Music Research Network 1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Miranda, Eduardo Reck

    Digital Music Research ­ UK Roadmap www.dmrn.org/roadmap Developed by the Digital Music Research Network 1 Research Goals in Digital Music: A Ten Year View Musical Innovation Music created using computer digital music tools through the widespread dissemination of computing and portable computing technology

  2. Digital Music Research UK Roadmap www.dmrn.org/roadmap Developed by the Digital Music Research Network 1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Miranda, Eduardo Reck

    Digital Music Research ­ UK Roadmap www.dmrn.org/roadmap Developed by the Digital Music Research ­ UK Roadmap www.dmrn.org/roadmap Developed by the Digital Music Research Network 2 includes weightings are. Neither is it #12;Digital Music Research ­ UK Roadmap www.dmrn.org/roadmap Developed

  3. Digital Strategies Group Provide direction and strategic planning for the libraries' development of digital activities that focus on

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Schweik, Charles M.

    Digital Strategies Group Charge: Provide direction and strategic planning for the libraries' development of digital activities that focus on digital content that is created or collected by the libraries within the libraries of current and emerging issues related to digital content such as rights management

  4. Spring leaf flush in aspen (Populus tremuloides) clones is altered by long-term growth at elevated carbon dioxide and elevated ozone concentration

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    carbon dioxide and elevated ozone concentration Justin M. McGrath a , David F. Karnosky b , Elizabeth A. In this study, we investigated spring leaf flush and how long-term growth at elevated carbon dioxide growth and produc- tivity are increasing atmospheric carbon dioxide concentration ([CO2]) and increasing

  5. Methods and systems for detecting abnormal digital traffic

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Goranson, Craig A [Kennewick, WA; Burnette, John R [Kennewick, WA

    2011-03-22

    Aspects of the present invention encompass methods and systems for detecting abnormal digital traffic by assigning characterizations of network behaviors according to knowledge nodes and calculating a confidence value based on the characterizations from at least one knowledge node and on weighting factors associated with the knowledge nodes. The knowledge nodes include a characterization model based on prior network information. At least one of the knowledge nodes should not be based on fixed thresholds or signatures. The confidence value includes a quantification of the degree of confidence that the network behaviors constitute abnormal network traffic.

  6. Improvements in fast-response flood modeling: desktop parallel computing and domain tracking

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Judi, David R; Mcpherson, Timothy N; Burian, Steven J

    2009-01-01

    It is becoming increasingly important to have the ability to accurately forecast flooding, as flooding accounts for the most losses due to natural disasters in the world and the United States. Flood inundation modeling has been dominated by one-dimensional approaches. These models are computationally efficient and are considered by many engineers to produce reasonably accurate water surface profiles. However, because the profiles estimated in these models must be superimposed on digital elevation data to create a two-dimensional map, the result may be sensitive to the ability of the elevation data to capture relevant features (e.g. dikes/levees, roads, walls, etc...). Moreover, one-dimensional models do not explicitly represent the complex flow processes present in floodplains and urban environments and because two-dimensional models based on the shallow water equations have significantly greater ability to determine flow velocity and direction, the National Research Council (NRC) has recommended that two-dimensional models be used over one-dimensional models for flood inundation studies. This paper has shown that two-dimensional flood modeling computational time can be greatly reduced through the use of Java multithreading on multi-core computers which effectively provides a means for parallel computing on a desktop computer. In addition, this paper has shown that when desktop parallel computing is coupled with a domain tracking algorithm, significant computation time can be eliminated when computations are completed only on inundated cells. The drastic reduction in computational time shown here enhances the ability of two-dimensional flood inundation models to be used as a near-real time flood forecasting tool, engineering, design tool, or planning tool. Perhaps even of greater significance, the reduction in computation time makes the incorporation of risk and uncertainty/ensemble forecasting more feasible for flood inundation modeling (NRC 2000; Sayers et al. 2000).

  7. Microelectromechanical apparatus for elevating and tilting a platform

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Miller, Samuel Lee; McWhorter, Paul Jackson; Rodgers, Murray Steven; Sniegowski, Jeffry J.; Barnes, Stephen M.

    2004-07-06

    A microelectromechanical (MEM) apparatus is disclosed which has a platform that can be elevated above a substrate and tilted at an arbitrary angle using a plurality of flexible members which support the platform and control its movement. Each flexible member is further controlled by one or more MEM actuators which act to bend the flexible member. The MEM actuators can be electrostatic comb actuators or vertical zip actuators, or a combination thereof. The MEM apparatus can include a mirror coating to form a programmable mirror for redirecting or switching one or more light beams for use in a projection display. The MEM apparatus with-the mirror coating also has applications for switching light beams between optical fibers for use in a local area fiber optic network, or for use in fiber optic telecommunications or data communications systems.

  8. Microelectromechanical apparatus for elevating and tilting a platform

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Miller, Samuel Lee (Albuquerque, NM); McWhorter, Paul Jackson (Albuquerque, NM); Rodgers, Murray Steven (Albuquerque, NM); Sniegowski, Jeffry J. (Edgewood, NM); Barnes, Stephen M. (Albuquerque, NM)

    2003-04-08

    A microelectromechanical (MEM) apparatus is disclosed which has a platform that can be elevated above a substrate and tilted at an arbitrary angle using a plurality of flexible members which support the platform and control its movement. Each flexible member is further controlled by one or more MEM actuators which act to bend the flexible member. The MEM actuators can be electrostatic comb actuators or vertical zip actuators, or a combination thereof. The MEM apparatus can include a mirror coating to form a programmable mirror for redirecting or switching one or more light beams for use in a projection display. The MEM apparatus with the mirror coating also has applications for switching light beams between optical fibers for use in a local area fiber optic network, or for use in fiber optic telecommunications or data communications systems.

  9. GIS Fundamentals: Introduction to GIS Lesson 3, Digitizing Lesson 3: Digitizing in ArcMap

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Butler, Christopher J.

    GIS Fundamentals: Introduction to GIS Lesson 3, Digitizing Lesson 3: Digitizing in ArcMap What You Chapter 4 in the GIS Fundamentals textbook before starting this lab, as the chapter covers the basics on how the photo was taken (flying height, terrain, camera tilt, and other factors). GIS data

  10. MANAGING DIGITAL ASSETS Digital assets are becoming the value-carrying

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Krintz, Chandra

    MANAGING DIGITAL ASSETS Digital assets are becoming the value-carrying resources that underlie much the implementation of this access functionality from the technologies that are used to manage and store the assets guarantees and fault management strategies associated with the assets and the implementing tech- nologies

  11. Temperature elevation by HIFU in ex vivo porcine muscle: MRI measurement and simulation study

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Solovchuk, Maxim A., E-mail: solovchuk@gmail.com [Center for Advanced Study in Theoretical Sciences (CASTS), National Taiwan University, Taipei 10617, Taiwan (China); Hwang, San Chao; Chang, Hsu [Medical Engineering Research Division, National Health Research Institute, Miaoli 35053, Taiwan (China)] [Medical Engineering Research Division, National Health Research Institute, Miaoli 35053, Taiwan (China); Thiriet, Marc [Sorbonne Universités, UPMC Univ Paris 06, UMR 7598, Laboratoire Jacques-Louis Lions, F-75005, Paris (France)] [Sorbonne Universités, UPMC Univ Paris 06, UMR 7598, Laboratoire Jacques-Louis Lions, F-75005, Paris (France); Sheu, Tony W. H., E-mail: twhsheu@ntu.edu.tw [Department of Engineering Science and Ocean Engineering, National Taiwan University, No. 1, Sec. 4, Roosevelt Road, Taipei 10617, Taiwan, Republic of China and Center for Advanced Study in Theoretical Sciences (CASTS), National Taiwan University, Taipei 10617, Taiwan (China)] [Department of Engineering Science and Ocean Engineering, National Taiwan University, No. 1, Sec. 4, Roosevelt Road, Taipei 10617, Taiwan, Republic of China and Center for Advanced Study in Theoretical Sciences (CASTS), National Taiwan University, Taipei 10617, Taiwan (China)

    2014-05-15

    Purpose: High-intensity focused ultrasound is a rapidly developing medical technology with a large number of potential clinical applications. Computational model can play a pivotal role in the planning and optimization of the treatment based on the patient's image. Nonlinear propagation effects can significantly affect the temperature elevation and should be taken into account. In order to investigate the importance of nonlinear propagation effects, nonlinear Westervelt equation was solved. Weak nonlinear propagation effects were studied. The purpose of this study was to investigate the correlation between the predicted and measured temperature elevations and lesion in a porcine muscle. Methods: The investigated single-element transducer has a focal length of 12 cm, an aperture of 8 cm, and frequency of 1.08 MHz. Porcine muscle was heated for 30 s by focused ultrasound transducer with an acoustic power in the range of 24–56 W. The theoretical model consists of nonlinear Westervelt equation with relaxation effects being taken into account and Pennes bioheat equation. Results: Excellent agreement between the measured and simulated temperature rises was found. For peak temperatures above 85–90?°C “preboiling” or cavitation activity appears and lesion distortion starts, causing small discrepancy between the measured and simulated temperature rises. From the measurements and simulations, it was shown that distortion of the lesion was caused by the “preboiling” activity. Conclusions: The present study demonstrated that for peak temperatures below 85–90?°C numerical simulation results are in excellent agreement with the experimental data in three dimensions. Both temperature rise and lesion size can be well predicted. Due to nonlinear effect the temperature in the focal region can be increased compared with the linear case. The current magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) resolution is not sufficient. Due to the inevitable averaging the measured temperature can be 10–30?°C lower than the peak temperature. Computational fluid dynamics can provide additional important information that is lost using a state of the art MRI device.

  12. 13 Dec 1997 ESF VEG Digital Data for Engineering Geology; Disaster or Benefit 1 Digital Data for EngineeringDigital Data for Engineering

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hack, Robert

    13 Dec 1997 ESF VEG Digital Data for Engineering Geology; Disaster or Benefit 1 Digital Data for EngineeringDigital Data for Engineering Geology: Disaster or BenefitGeology: Disaster or Benefit Robert Hack Section Engineering Geology Centre for Technical Geosciences International Institute for Aerospace Survey

  13. Optimization Digital Image Watermarking Technique for Patent Protection

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Elnajjar, Mahmoud; Zaidan, B B; Sharif, Mohamed Elhadi M; Alanazi, Hamdan O

    2010-01-01

    The rapid development of multimedia and internet allows for wide distribution of digital media data. It becomes much easier to edit, modify and duplicate digital information besides that, digital documents are also easy to copy and distribute, therefore it will be faced by many threats. It is a big security and privacy issue. Another problem with digital document and video is that undetectable modifications can be made with very simple and widely available equipment, which put the digital material for evidential purposes under question With the large flood of information and the development of the digital format, it become necessary to find appropriate protection because of the significance, accuracy and sensitivity of the information, therefore multimedia technology and popularity of internet communications they have great interest in using digital watermarks for the purpose of copy protection and content authentication. Digital watermarking is a technique used to embed a known piece of digital data within a...

  14. Government Information in the Digital Age: The Once and Future Federal Depository Library Program

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jacobs, James A; Jacobs, James R; Yeo, Shinjoung

    2005-01-01

    of California’s California Digital Library (CDL) “has beenstored in separate digital library collections, fromat the California Digital Library summed up the preservation

  15. When use cases are not useful: Data practices, astronomy, and digital libraries

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wynholds, Laura; Fearon, David; Borgman, Christine L; Traweek, Sharon

    2011-01-01

    joint conference on digital libraries, ACM (2010), 283–C.L. , and Pepe, A. Digital libraries for scientific datajoint conference on Digital libraries, ACM (2010), 333-340.

  16. Designing mobile digital library services for pre-engineering and technology literacy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2007-01-01

    D. Campbell, A collaborative digital library for children: AS. Weng, Designing a digital library for young children: AnJoint Conference on Digital Libraries (JCDL), Revised, (

  17. Slides for When use cases are not useful: Data practices, astronomy, and digital libraries

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wynholds, Laura; Fearon, David; Borgman, Christine L; Traweek, Sharon

    2011-01-01

    ASTRONOMY, AND DIGITAL LIBRARIES Methods and Scope Sloancanonical datasets ? Data digital libraries need to addressTraweek JCDL 2011 Known Digital Library Design Challenges ?

  18. Know Thy Sensor: Trust, Data Quality, and Data Integrity in Scientific Digital Libraries

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wallis, J C; Borgman, C L; Mayernik, Matthew; Pepe, Alberto; Ramanathan, Nithya; Hansen, Mark

    2007-01-01

    Enyedy, N. : Building Digital Libraries for Scientific Data:Drowning in Data: Digital Library Architecture to Supportnetworks, and digital libraries. International Journal on

  19. Little Science Confronts the Data Deluge: Habitat Ecology, Embedded Sensor Networks, and Digital Libraries

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Borgman, C L; Wallis, J C; Enyedy, N

    2006-01-01

    N. (2006). Building digital libraries for scientific data:European Conference on Digital Libraries, Alicante, Spain,B. P. (Eds. ). (2003). Digital library use: Social practice

  20. No Half Measures: Overcoming Common Challenges to Doing Digital Humanities in the Library

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Posner, Miriam

    2013-01-01

    described  their  libraries’  digital  humanities  support  Staffing  for  libraries’  digital  humanities  programs  August  19).  Digital  Humanities  in  the  Library  Isn’t  

  1. The Digital-Surrogate Seal of Approval: a Consumer-oriented Standard

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jacobs, James A; Jacobs, James R

    2013-01-01

    of North Texas Digital Library, and the many projects listeddigital services, and digital library collections. He is aThe Baylor University Libraries Digital Collections Blog.

  2. Drowning in Data: Digital Library Architecture to Support Scientific of Embedded Sensor Networks

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Borgman, C L; Wallis, J C; Mayernik, Matthew S; Pepe, Alberto

    2007-01-01

    B.P. Buttenfield, eds. Digital library use: Social practiceSocial Aspects of Digital Libraries. Final Report to theNetworks, and Digital Libraries. International Journal on

  3. Are You Ready? Assessing Whether Organisations are Prepared for Digital Preservation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2009-01-01

    maintenance of digital information, in libraries, archivessurveyed national libraries include digital preservation in43 percent of libraries have a digital preservation policy (

  4. RuralNet (Digital Gangetic Plains): WiFi-Based Low-Cost Rural

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Raman, Bhaskaran

    RuralNet (Digital Gangetic Plains): WiFi-Based Low-Cost Rural Networking Bhaskaran Raman Department in the west This business model can thrive when average per capita income is high ($20K) Wireless systems being deployed in India are successful in Metro pockets, but providing cost effective voice and data

  5. CsI Time Resolution Study with Custom Built Digitizer for the KOTO Emily Casey

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    CsI Time Resolution Study with Custom Built Digitizer for the KOTO Experiment Emily Casey Advisor, the system behavior should not change. When this principal is broken, we say that CP symmetry has been violated. The Standard Model predicts that the branching ratio of the golden decay should be 2.8 ± 0.4 × 10

  6. DIGITAL SENSITIVITY CORRECTIONS FOR STATIONS OF THE LAMONT COOPERATIVE SEISMOGRAPHIC NETWORK (NETWORK CODE, LD)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    . The corrected metadata (Dataless Seed volume) of the network LD was deposited at the IRIS-DMC. Web page for the IRIS DMC Metadata Aggregator with URL http://www.iris.edu/mda/LD provides detailed list and a network Seismometer Natural Sample rate Digital Sensitivity Sensor gain Applicable code (model) period (s) (samples

  7. Benthic Terrain Modeler: Interpreting the Bathymetric Environment Shaun Walbridge1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wright, Dawn Jeannine

    that they can be used on any digital elevation data. The inclusion of easily customizable terrain classification, aspect, and rugosity from an input bathymetric data set. Additionally, terrain classification scripts allow users the freedom to create their own zone and structure classifications and define

  8. The Effect of Elevated Temperature on Concrete Materials and Structures - a Literature Review.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Naus, Dan J

    2006-03-01

    The objective of this limited study was to provide an overview of the effects of elevated temperature on the behavior of concrete materials and structures. In meeting this objective the effects of elevated temperatures on the properties of ordinary Portland cement concrete constituent materials and concretes are summarized. The effects of elevated temperature on high-strength concrete materials are noted and their performance compared to normal strength concretes. A review of concrete materials for elevated-temperature service is presented. Nuclear power plant and general civil engineering design codes are described. Design considerations and analytical techniques for evaluating the response of reinforced concrete structures to elevated-temperature conditions are presented. Pertinent studies in which reinforced concrete structural elements were subjected to elevated temperatures are described.

  9. Virtual mask digital electron beam lithography

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Baylor, L.R.; Thomas, C.E.; Voelkl, E.; Moore, J.A.; Simpson, M.L.; Paulus, M.J.

    1999-04-06

    Systems and methods for direct-to-digital holography are described. An apparatus includes a laser; a beamsplitter optically coupled to the laser; a reference beam mirror optically coupled to the beamsplitter; an object optically coupled to the beamsplitter, a focusing lens optically coupled to both the reference beam mirror and the object; and a digital recorder optically coupled to the focusing lens. A reference beam is incident upon the reference beam mirror at a non-normal angle, and the reference beam and an object beam are focused by the focusing lens at a focal plane of the digital recorder to form an image. The systems and methods provide advantages in that computer assisted holographic measurements can be made. 5 figs.

  10. Digital gate pulse generator for cycloconverter control

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Klein, Frederick F. (Monroeville, PA); Mutone, Gioacchino A. (Pleasant Hills, PA)

    1989-01-01

    The present invention provides a digital gate pulse generator which controls the output of a cycloconverter used for electrical power conversion applications by determining the timing and delivery of the firing pulses to the switching devices in the cycloconverter. Previous gate pulse generators have been built with largely analog or discrete digital circuitry which require many precision components and periodic adjustment. The gate pulse generator of the present invention utilizes digital techniques and a predetermined series of values to develop the necessary timing signals for firing the switching device. Each timing signal is compared with a reference signal to determine the exact firing time. The present invention is significantly more compact than previous gate pulse generators, responds quickly to changes in the output demand and requires only one precision component and no adjustments.

  11. Digital feedback in superconducting quantum circuits

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    D. Ristè; L. DiCarlo

    2015-08-06

    This chapter covers the development of feedback control of superconducting qubits using projective measurement and a discrete set of conditional actions, here referred to as digital feedback. We begin with an overview of the applications of digital feedback in quantum computing. We then introduce an implementation of high-fidelity projective measurement of superconducting qubits. This development lays the ground for closed-loop control based on the binary measurement result. A first application of digital feedback control is fast and deterministic qubit reset, allowing the repeated initialization of a qubit more than an order of magnitude faster than its relaxation rate. A second application employs feedback in a multi-qubit setting to convert the generation of entanglement by parity measurement from probabilistic to deterministic, targeting an entangled state with the desired parity every time.

  12. Direct-to-digital holography and holovision

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Thomas, Clarence E. (Knoxville, TN); Baylor, Larry R. (Knoxville, TN); Hanson, Gregory R. (Clinton, TN); Rasmussen, David A. (Knoxville, TN); Voelkl, Edgar (Oak Ridge, TN); Castracane, James (Albany, NY); Simkulet, Michelle (Latham, NY); Clow, Lawrence (Waterford, NY)

    2000-01-01

    Systems and methods for direct-to-digital holography are described. An apparatus includes a laser; a beamsplitter optically coupled to the laser; a reference beam mirror optically coupled to the beamsplitter; an object optically coupled to the beamsplitter, a focusing lens optically coupled to both the reference beam mirror and the object; and a digital recorder optically coupled to the focusing lens. A reference beam is incident upon the reference beam mirror at a non-normal angle, and the reference beam and an object beam are focused by the focusing lens at a focal plane of the digital recorder to form an image. The systems and methods provide advantages in that computer assisted holographic measurements can be made.

  13. Virtual mask digital electron beam lithography

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Baylor, Larry R. (Farragut, TN); Thomas, Clarence E. (Knoxville, TN); Voelkl, Edgar (Oak Ridge, TN); Moore, James A. (Powell, TN); Simpson, Michael L. (Knoxville, TN); Paulus, Michael J. (Knoxville, TN)

    1999-01-01

    Systems and methods for direct-to-digital holography are described. An apparatus includes a laser; a beamsplitter optically coupled to the laser; a reference beam mirror optically coupled to the beamsplitter; an object optically coupled to the beamsplitter, a focusing lens optically coupled to both the reference beam mirror and the object; and a digital recorder optically coupled to the focusing lens. A reference beam is incident upon the reference beam mirror at a non-normal angle, and the reference beam and an object beam are focused by the focusing lens at a focal plane of the digital recorder to form an image. The systems and methods provide advantages in that computer assisted holographic measurements can be made.

  14. Digital Design and Fabrication Techniques Using a 3-Axis CNC Mill 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Coffman, Ky

    2010-07-14

    as to produce thousands of identical ones (Reffat, 2008). Malbec The digital fabrication tools used in our project Malbec, included the digital modeling tools: Autodesk Maya and Rhino, the manufacturing software, MasterCAM, and our machine used was a 3...-file set-up Since we knew the size of our material stock, we drew a 4? x 8? plane in Rhino and placed the form to be milled in the center of the plane. This ensured that the edges of the form would not be slightly cut off due to inevitable inaccuracies...

  15. Field_SWAT: A tool for mapping SWAT output to field boundaries Naresh Pai a

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    in the transformation of models from those that consider the entire catchment as a lumped unit to the contempor- ary, distributed models. The public availability of digital data such as digital elevation models (DEM), soils

  16. Evaluation of commercially available exterior digital VMDs

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ringler, C.E.; Hoover, C.E.

    1996-06-01

    This paper discusses the highlights from the full report, `Evaluation of Commercially Available Exterior Digital VMDs`, Charles E. Ringler, Chris E. Hoover, SAND94-2875, on the testing and evaluation of thirteen commercially available exterior digital video motion detection (VMD) systems. The systems were evaluated for use in a specific perimeter outdoor application. The full report focuses primarily on the testing parameters, each system`s advertised features, and the nuisance alarm and detection test results; this paper will summarize the nuisance alarm and detection test results and present some conclusions from the tests.

  17. Digitally programmable signal generator and method

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Priatko, G.J.; Kaskey, J.A.

    1986-09-02

    A digitally programmable signal generator (DPSG) and method are disclosed. The DPSG can be used in applications such as Atomic Vapor Laser Isotope Separation (AVLIS) to create an optimal match between the process laser's spectral profile and that of the vaporized material. Other applications include optical telecommunications, non-optical telecommunication in the microwave and radio spectrum, radar, electronic countermeasures, high speed computer interconnects, local area networks, high definition video transport and the multiplexing of large quantities of slow digital memory into high speed data streams. This invention extends the operation of DPSGs into the GHz range, while preserving all of the current art's DPSGs' operational features.

  18. T-608: HP Virtual Server Environment Lets Remote Authenticated Users Gain Elevated Privileges

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    A potential security vulnerability has been identified in HP Virtual Server Environment for Windows. The vulnerability could be exploited remotely to elevate privileges.

  19. Aerosol measurements at a high-elevation site: composition, size, and cloud condensation nuclei activity

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Friedman, Beth

    Measurements of cloud condensation nuclei (CCN) concentrations, single particle composition and size distributions at a high-elevation research site from March 2011 are presented.

  20. Simple Bulk Readout of Digital Nucleic Acid Quantification Assays

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Morinishi, Leanna S.

    Digital assays are powerful methods that enable detection of rare cells and counting of individual nucleic acid molecules. However, digital assays are still not routinely applied, due to the cost and specific equipment ...

  1. A digitally-assisted sensor interface for biomedical applications

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bohorquez, Jose L.

    Acompact, low-power, digitally-assisted sensor interface for biomedical applications is presented. It exploits oversampling and digital design to reduce system area and power, while making the system more robust to ...

  2. Postfeminist Technologies: Digital Media and the Culture Industries of Choice

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cohn, Jonathan

    2013-01-01

    Digital Subjectivity Technology is essential to the transformationsdigital image technologies to present the body as a site of potential transformation –digital plenitude of seemingly endless information is just as much a force in this transformation.

  3. Interlinking related diverse media in a digital library 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Singh, Manas Sourava

    2006-08-16

    Digital libraries are widely used for organizing and presenting large collections of artifacts. However, as the digital libraries grow in size, it is becoming increasingly difficult for the user to find all the resources ...

  4. Automated Validation of Trusted Digital Repository Assessment Criteria

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Smith, MacKenzie

    The RLG/NARA trusted digital repository (TDR) certification checklist defines a set of assessment criteria for preservation environments. The criteria can be mapped into data management policies that define how a digital ...

  5. ACM Digital Library )http://www.acm.org/dl(

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lehmann, Daniel

    ­ 111 © , ACM Digital Library ) ( )http://www.acm.org/dl( Web of Science- . . ACM Digital Library -Association for Computing Machinery (ACM), . . " -ACM. ( " :IEEE : IEEE Xplore) : 1.:http://www.acm.org/dl 2. (http

  6. Course Profile: Digital Imaging Course Number: LIS 7450

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Berdichevsky, Victor

    types of libraries, archives and information centers. 4. Identify the major types of digital information and vocabulary of the IT and Digital Library profession(s). 2. Analyze the library and IT literature and utilize

  7. Analog-to-digital interface design in wireless receivers 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Xia, Bo

    2006-04-12

    As one of the major building blocks in a wireless receiver, the Analog-to-Digital Interface (ADI) provides link and transition between the analog Radio Frequency (RF) frontend and the baseband Digital Signal Processing ...

  8. Texas Center for Digital Humanities and New Media 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Earhart, Amy; Ives, Maura; Burkart, Patrick; Ezell, Margaret; Harner, James; Ramasubramanian, Srividya; Vieira de Castro, Filipe; Morris, Jeff; Dox, Donnalee; Urbina, Eduardo; Burlbaw, Lynn M.; Carpenter, B. Stephen II; Davis, Trina J.; Yadav, Manjit; Herbert, Bruce; Akleman, Ergun; Furuta, Richard; Shipman, Frank; Vedlitz, Arnold

    2009-01-01

    We propose the creation of a Center for Digital Humanities, Media and Culture (formerly titled Texas Center for Digital Humanities and New Media). The Center will address two related grand challenges: the need to investigate ...

  9. Distributed Digital Preservation: Technical, Sustainability, and Organizational Developments

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Walters, Tyler; Bishoff, Liz; Gore, Emily B.; Jordan, Mark; Wilson, Thomas C

    2009-01-01

    standards for metadata and content; and ? Ongoing exploration of projects to advance digital preservation. Sustainability and Technical

  10. System for uncollimated digital radiography

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Wang, Han; Hall, James M.; McCarrick, James F.; Tang, Vincent

    2015-08-11

    The inversion algorithm based on the maximum entropy method (MEM) removes unwanted effects in high energy imaging resulting from an uncollimated source interacting with a finitely thick scintillator. The algorithm takes as input the image from the thick scintillator (TS) and the radiography setup geometry. The algorithm then outputs a restored image which appears as if taken with an infinitesimally thin scintillator (ITS). Inversion is accomplished by numerically generating a probabilistic model relating the ITS image to the TS image and then inverting this model on the TS image through MEM. This reconstruction technique can reduce the exposure time or the required source intensity without undesirable object blurring on the image by allowing the use of both thicker scintillators with higher efficiencies and closer source-to-detector distances to maximize incident radiation flux. The technique is applicable in radiographic applications including fast neutron, high-energy gamma and x-ray radiography using thick scintillators.

  11. Prototyping Tangible Input Devices with Digital Fabrication

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hartmann, Björn

    . Aside from 3D printers, other classes of digital fabrication hardware, like vinyl cutters, have also have previously investigated the benefits of tangibility in How Bodies Matter. 3D printing holds users of 3D printing can currently create such objects. For example, we surveyed the the online

  12. Digital Forensic Readiness: Are We There Yet?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Li, Chang-Tsun

    -t.li}@warwick.ac.uk Marthie Grobler Council for Scientific and Industrial Research Pretoria, South Africa mgrobler1@csir.co.za vs. Samsung patent infringement case, where Samsung was accused of infringing a number of iPhone design and software patents, has highlighted the need for digital evidence preservation. Following Apple

  13. Integrating the Digital Library into an Online

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    de Lijser, Peter

    Integrating the Digital Library into an Online MS IDT Program JoAnn Carter-Wells, Ph.D. Karen Ivers #12; History and Structure of MISDT Program and Library Involvement Program Strands, Orientation Meetings, Program/Course Activities Range of Library Services for Distance Students Emerging Issues

  14. Evaluation of commercially available exterior digital VMDs

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ringler, C.E.; Hoover, C.E.

    1995-06-01

    This report discusses the testing and evaluation of thirteen commercially available exterior digital video motion detection (VMD) systems. The systems were evaluated for use in a specific outdoor application. The report focuses primarily on the testing parameters, each system`s advertised features, and the nuisance alarm and detection test results.

  15. Tabletop Computed Lighting for Practical Digital Photography

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bailey, Reynold J.

    Tabletop Computed Lighting for Practical Digital Photography Ankit Mohan, Reynold Bailey, Jonathan Abstract--We apply simplified image-based lighting methods to reduce the equipment, cost, time, and specialized skills required for high-quality photographic lighting of desktop-sized static objects

  16. Control Theory of Digitally Networked Dynamic Systems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Knobloch,Jürgen

    Control Theory of Digitally Networked Dynamic Systems #12;Jan Lunze Editor Control Theory control technology for mobile objects. Due to this flexibility, a new challenge for control theory about networked control systems as a new area of control theory. This book gives a concise introduc

  17. Environmental Constraints Management in Digital Right Licences

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    solutions. Keywords: Environmental Constraints, Certifications, Digital Right Management, Licences on licences, which define who is able to do what on what under which circumstances. Among them, MPEG-REL [ISO: the environment. Many organizations tend to pass certifications with respect to governmental laws such as Sarbanes

  18. Digital spatially incoherent Fresnel holography Joseph Rosen*

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rosen, Joseph

    Digital spatially incoherent Fresnel holography Joseph Rosen* Department of Biology, Integrated, such that the result is a complex-valued Fresnel hologram. When this hologram is reconstructed in the computer, the 3D types of holograms,1,3­9 including Fourier1,4 and Fresnel holograms.5,6 The process of beam interfering

  19. IT Operational Oversight Committee Digital Signage

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pittendrigh, Barry

    on the network or running Four Winds and recommend best practices for displaying emergency alert messages to a new management system, FourWinds. Emergency alerts can and will be displayed on all CoolSign/FourWind on these devices. #12;OOC Digital Signage Report January 12, 2015 Page 2 Not all signs are able to run FourWinds

  20. Digital radiographic systems detect boiler tube cracks

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Walker, S. [EPRI, Charlotte, NC (United States)

    2008-06-15

    Boiler water wall leaks have been a major cause of steam plant forced outages. But conventional nondestructive evaluation techniques have a poor track record of detecting corrosion fatigue cracking on the inside surface of the cold side of waterwall tubing. EPRI is performing field trials of a prototype direct-digital radiographic system that promises to be a game changer. 8 figs.

  1. Battery-Powered Digital CMOS Massoud Pedram

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pedram, Massoud

    1 Page 1 USC Low Power CAD Massoud Pedram Battery-Powered Digital CMOS Design Massoud Pedram Power CAD Massoud Pedram Motivation Extending the battery service life of battery-powered micro in the VLSI circuit Y The battery system is assumed to be an ideal source that delivers a fixed amount

  2. Tools for Preservation and Use of Complex and Diverse Digital Resources

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Giaretta, David

    2009-01-01

    CS joint conference on Digital libraries table of contents,Technology for Digital Libraries, ECDL’2007. Budapest,

  3. PerCon: A Personal Digital Library for Heterogeneous Data

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shipman, Frank

    PerCon: A Personal Digital Library for Heterogeneous Data Su Inn Park, Frank Shipman Center for the Study of Digital Libraries Department of Computer Science and Engineering Texas A&M University 1 a personal digital library of data. Users may then search, browse, visualize and annotate the data

  4. A New Preprocessing Filter for Digital Mammograms Peyman Rahmati1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Adler, Andy

    presents a computer-aided approach to enhancing suspicious lesions in digital mammograms. The developedA New Preprocessing Filter for Digital Mammograms Peyman Rahmati1 , Ghassan Hamarneh2 , Doron and increases survival rate [2]. Digital mammography uses x-rays to project structures in the 3D female breast

  5. ACTA ARITHMETICA Discrepancy and diaphony of digital (0, 1)-sequences

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Provence Aix-Marseille I, Université de

    and classification inside a given class, for instance the class of digital (0, 1)-sequences in a fixed base b also for digital (0, 2)-sequences in base 2); in the 2000 Mathematics Subject Classification: 11K06, 11ACTA ARITHMETICA * (200*) Discrepancy and diaphony of digital (0, 1)-sequences in prime base

  6. Museums and Online Archives Collaboration Digital Asset Management Database

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    California at Berkeley, University of

    , labor, and technical capacity limit the ability of museums and libraries to share digital content://bampfa.berkeley.edu/moac. Project Goals & Objectives * Enhance interoperability, integration, and seamless access to digital library and libraries wishing to share digital content in standards-based, national-level, content gateway projects

  7. Classifying Web content for a corporate digital library Ian Thurlow

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Haddadi, Hamed

    Classifying Web content for a corporate digital library Ian Thurlow BT Abstract: The integration of relevant Web content into corporate digital libraries is expected to be of significant benefit when tools. The integration of Web content into a digital library, however, raises some concerns with regard

  8. TOWARDS A DIGITAL MATHEMATICS LIBRARY? A FRENCH PEDESTRIAN OVERVIEW

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    TOWARDS A DIGITAL MATHEMATICS LIBRARY? A FRENCH PEDESTRIAN OVERVIEW THIERRY BOUCHE ABSTRACT. After raised by the digital environ- ment. We then review the underlying principles and main features of some to academic mathematical research journals. In turn, they could prefigure some building blocks of the digital

  9. Visual Interfaces to Digital Libraries Its Past, Present, and Future

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Börner, Katy

    Visual Interfaces to Digital Libraries ­ Its Past, Present, and Future Katy Börner School libraries is an integral part to the advances of digital libraries. A wide range of approaches have been in digital libraries). Generally, information visualization examines semantic relationships intrinsic

  10. 29 September 2004 Evaluation of digital libraries: An overview

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Saracevic, Tefko

    29 September 2004 Evaluation of digital libraries: An overview Tefko Saracevic School@scils.rutgers.edu "Evaluating digital libraries is a bit like judging how successful is a marriage" (Marchionini, 2000) Abstract The purpose of this report is to provide an overview of works on digital library evaluation that included data

  11. Digital mathematics libraries: The good, the bad, the ugly

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    Digital mathematics libraries: The good, the bad, the ugly Thierry Bouche Universit´e de Grenoble I. The mathematicians' Digital mathematics library (DML), which is not to be confused with libraries of mathematical. It is not obvious how much of the traditional library functions we should give up while going digital. The point

  12. Accessing Heritage Documents according to Space Criteria within Digital Libraries

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    1 Accessing Heritage Documents according to Space Criteria within Digital Libraries Christophe, Geographic Information Retrieval and Visualization, Non-Structured Documents, Digital Libraries, Cultural on digital libraries and proposes to extend the basic services of existing Library Management System with new

  13. A Scalable Digital Library Infrastructure Expands Search and Beyond

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bieber, Michael

    A Scalable Digital Library Infrastructure Expands Search and Beyond Min Song1 , Shuyuan Mary Ho a challenge as the number of digital libraries increases, and so does the demand of sophisticated users for searching requirements over several digital libraries and search engines before getting to the desired book

  14. Windowing Time in Digital Libraries Michael G. Christel

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Christel, Mike

    Windowing Time in Digital Libraries Michael G. Christel Carnegie Mellon University Pittsburgh, PA, organization, and utility of time references identified in digital library materials, emphasizing how to treat to illustrate the concept of windowing such time in digital library interfaces. Categories and Subject

  15. How were digital libraries evaluated? * Tefko Saracevic, PhD

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Saracevic, Tefko

    How were digital libraries evaluated? * Tefko Saracevic, PhD School of Communication, Information://www.scils.rutgers.edu/~tefko/ "Evaluating digital libraries is a bit like judging how successful is a marriage" (Marchionini, 2000) Abstract The purpose is to provide a critical synthesis of works on digital library evaluation that included data. Over

  16. Metadata Extraction from Bibliographic Documents for Digital Library

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    1 Metadata Extraction from Bibliographic Documents for Digital Library A. Belaïd1 and D. Besagni2 1 for a digital library (DL), their automatic recognition presents an obvious interest. However as their origin. 1. Introduction The digital library (DL) [1] has become more and more a common tool for everyone

  17. Introducing a digital library reading appliance into a reading group

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Marshall, Cathy

    Introducing a digital library reading appliance into a reading group Catherine C. Marshall, Morgan will we read digital library materials? This paper describes the reading practices of an on-going reading group, and how these practices changed when we introduced XLibris, a digital library reading appliance

  18. ScienceTreks: an Autonomous Digital Library System

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Marchese, Maurizio

    ScienceTreks: an Autonomous Digital Library System Alexander Ivanyukovich1 , Maurizio Marchese1 of semantic- aware services in the digital library domain. In this paper we first present and discuss. The proposed Autonomous Digital Library system can be used in automating end-to- end information retrieval

  19. Reviving the Free Public Scientific Library in the Digital Age?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    Reviving the Free Public Scientific Library in the Digital Age? The EuDML project Thierry Bouche for- ward has been achieved during the course of the European Digital Math- ematics Library (Eu during the course of the European Digital Mathematics Library (EuDML) project which got initial funding

  20. Reviving the Free Public Scientific Library in the Digital Age?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    Reviving the Free Public Scientific Library in the Digital Age? The EuDML project Thierry Bouche- ward has been achieved during the course of the European Digital Math- ematics Library (EuDML) project during the course of the European Digital Mathematics Library (EuDML) project which got initial funding

  1. The SOMLib Digital Library System Andreas Rauber, Dieter Merkl

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rauber,Andreas

    The SOMLib Digital Library System Andreas Rauber, Dieter Merkl Institut f¨ur Softwaretechnik.ifs.tuwien.ac.at/¸dieter Abstract. Digital Libraries have gained tremendous interest with sev­ eral research projects addressing of the library itself. With the SOMLib project we created a digital library system that uses a neural network

  2. Alexandria Digital Library Project Spatial Search, Ranking, and

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Janée, Greg

    #12;Alexandria Digital Library Project 11 Proposed solution Geodetic box Defined by N/S/E/W edgesAlexandria Digital Library Project Spatial Search, Ranking, and Interoperability Greg Janée and James Frew University of California, Santa Barbara #12;Alexandria Digital Library Project 2 Background

  3. MANENT: An Infrastructure for Integrating, Structuring and Searching Digital Libraries

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mascardi, Viviana

    of Digital Library con- tent management and record classification and retrieval. It is hosted on a serverChapter 1 MANENT: An Infrastructure for Integrating, Structuring and Searching Digital Libraries Angela Locoro, Daniele Grignani, Viviana Mascardi Abstract Digital Libraries represent the commitment

  4. Bridging By Design: The Curation and Management of Digital Assets

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Oard, Doug

    Bridging By Design: The Curation and Management of Digital Assets Specialization at the University on instruction in the creation, management and use, long-term preservation, and access to digital assets the effective curation and management of digital assets in the public, private, and not-for- profit sectors

  5. Inspiring research transforming scholarship Digital Asset Management concerns

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Applebaum, David

    Inspiring research ­ transforming scholarship Digital Asset Management concerns the processes in organisations. Effective digital asset management is a key factor for the future success of content industries such as libraries, archives and museums. The Department of Digital Humanities (DDH) is part of the School of Arts

  6. Reversible vectorisation of 3D digital planar curves and applications

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sivignon, Isabelle

    Reversible vectorisation of 3D digital planar curves and applications Isabelle Sivignon a,, Florent the problem of the computation of a planar polygonal curve from a digital planar curve, such that the digital data can be exactly retrieved from the polygonal curve. The proposed transformation also provides

  7. Digital Earth as a UCGIS Grand Challenge Karl E. Grossner

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wright, Dawn Jeannine

    Digital Earth as a UCGIS Grand Challenge Karl E. Grossner University of California, Santa Barbara' are mapped to the major components of a digital earth system, and the requisite functionality of next of suggestions put forward--reprised in a sense--by Keith Clarke, was of "a Digital Earth by 2009." That year has

  8. Microfluidic digital PCR enables rapid prenatal diagnosis of fetal aneuploidy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Quake, Stephen R.

    GENETICS Microfluidic digital PCR enables rapid prenatal diagnosis of fetal aneuploidy H. Christina-four amniocentesis and 16 chorionic villus samples were used for microfluidic digital PCR analysis. Three thou- sand to have normal ploidy for the chromosomes tested. CONCLUSION: Microfluidic digital PCR allows detection

  9. A Bit Too Precise? Bounded Verification of Quantized Digital Filters

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chang, Bor-Yuh Evan

    and control systems. Errors in the filters can be catastrophic. Traditionally digital filters have been of digital filters. We design our comparison to re- veal the best possible approach towards verifying real-world designs of infinite impulse response (IIR) digital filters. Our study reveals broader insights into cases

  10. A Bit Too Precise? Bounded Verification of Quantized Digital Filters #

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chang, Bor-Yuh Evan

    and control systems. Errors in the filters can be catastrophic. Traditionally digital filters have been of digital filters. We design our comparison to re­ veal the best possible approach towards verifying real­world designs of infinite impulse response (IIR) digital filters. Our study reveals broader insights into cases

  11. The eroding rotation: Why digital pictures should not be rotated

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Roegel, Denis

    The eroding rotation: Why digital pictures should not be rotated Denis Roegel 1st March 2009 Digital pictures are now ubiquitous and they are produced through a vari- ety of sources: scanners, digital cameras, cell phones, web cams, screenshots, to name a few. Some of these pictures end up being

  12. MOBILE LEARNING AND DIGITAL LIBRARIES Esha Datta, Department of Mechanical

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Agogino, Alice M.

    MOBILE LEARNING AND DIGITAL LIBRARIES Esha Datta, Department of Mechanical Engineering, UC Berkeley of settings. In particular, the use of mobile technologies to access digital libraries opens up doors the design and implementation of a mobile learning digital library infrastructure and test applications. We

  13. AgentBased Digital Libraries: Decentralization and Coordination

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Durfee, Edmund H.

    1 Agent­Based Digital Libraries: Decentralization and Coordination Peter C. Weinstein, William P describes agent­based systems and explains why digital libraries should be built with this type describe the approach taken by the University of Michigan Digital Library project. #12; 2 1 Introduction

  14. ORIGINAL PAPER Effects of elevated CO2 and soil water content on phytohormone

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    DeLucia, Evan H.

    ORIGINAL PAPER Effects of elevated CO2 and soil water content on phytohormone transcript induction the abundance of SA compared with plants grown in ambient CO2. A mild reduction in soil water content had herbivory. When applied in combination, elevated CO2 and reduced soil water content suppressed

  15. EVIDENCE OF ELEVATED OZONE CONCENTRATIONS ON FORESTED SLOPES OF THE LOWER FRASER VALLEY, BRITISH

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    McKendry, Ian

    EVIDENCE OF ELEVATED OZONE CONCENTRATIONS ON FORESTED SLOPES OF THE LOWER FRASER VALLEY, BRITISH, hourly average ozone concentrations were mea- sured at three sites of differing elevation (188, 588. Sites experienced ozone concentrations ranging from 0 to 88 ppb in 2001, and 0 to 96 ppb in 2002. Daily

  16. Evolution of resistance to white pine blister rust in high-elevation pines

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tavener, Simon

    Evolution of resistance to white pine blister rust in high-elevation pines Mike Antolin, Stuart Station, USDA Forest Service Thanks: NSF award 0734267, USDA Forest Service Evolution of resistance ­ p. 1/74 #12;The basic ecology Evolution of resistance ­ p. 2/74 #12;High-elevation White Pines · Habitat: dry

  17. A Database of Herbaceous Vegetation Responses to Elevated Atmospheric CO2

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    A Database of Herbaceous Vegetation Responses to Elevated Atmospheric CO2 ORNL/CDIAC-124 NDP-073/CDIAC-124 NDP-073 A DATABASE OF HERBACEOUS VEGETATION RESPONSES TO ELEVATED ATMOSPHERIC CO2 Contributed by Michael H. Jones Peter S. Curtis Department of Evolution, Ecology, and Organismal Biology The Ohio State

  18. UBC Social Ecological Economic Development Studies (SEEDS) Student Report Elevator Drive Systems Energy Consumption Study Report

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Energy Consumption Study Report Benny ChunYin Chan University of British Columbia EECE 492 April 6th the current status of the subject matter of a project/report". #12;Elevator Drive Systems Energy Consumption Study Report April 2012 0 2012 Elevator Drive Systems Energy Consumption Study Report Benny CY Chan UBC

  19. PREDICTING THE PERFORMANCE OF AN ELEVATED WATER TABLE FOR PREVENTING ACID

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Aubertin, Michel

    PREDICTING THE PERFORMANCE OF AN ELEVATED WATER TABLE FOR PREVENTING ACID MINE DRAINAGE M. The effectiveness of an elevated water table in preventing acid mine drainage (AMD) can be quantified using diffusion de l'oxygène en milieu quasi saturé. Cette efficacité à empêcher le drainage minier acide (DMA

  20. Physiological impacts of elevated carbon dioxide and ocean acidification Rachael M. Heuer* and Martin Grosell*

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Grosell, Martin

    Physiological impacts of elevated carbon dioxide and ocean acidification on fish Rachael M. Heuer, Grosell M. Physiological impacts of elevated carbon dioxide and ocean acidification on fish. Am J Physiol in dynamic regulation of acid-base transport pathways across species, exposure levels, and exposure duration

  1. Biomass and toxicity responses of poison ivy (Toxicodendron radicans) to elevated

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mohan, Jacqueline E.

    Biomass and toxicity responses of poison ivy (Toxicodendron radicans) to elevated atmospheric CO2 dioxide (CO2), but pre- vious work done in controlled growth chambers shows that other vines exhibit large growth enhancement from elevated CO2. Rising CO2 is potentially responsible for the increased vine

  2. The role of plant species in biomass production and response to elevated CO2 and N

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Thomas, David D.

    REPORT The role of plant species in biomass production and response to elevated CO2 and N Joseph M that factorially manipulated plant diversity, CO2, and N, we quantified the effects of the presence of species having less variation in biomass over time. The response of plant biomass to elevated N, but not CO2

  3. Elevated CO2 stimulates grassland soil respiration by increasing carbon inputs rather than by enhancing soil

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Minnesota, University of

    Elevated CO2 stimulates grassland soil respiration by increasing carbon inputs rather than It is not clear whether the consistent positive effect of elevated CO2 on soil respiration (soil carbon flux, SCF) results from increased plant and microbial activity due to (i) greater C availability through CO2-induced

  4. Air Dispersion Modeling of Mine Waste in the Southeast Missouri Old Lead Belt

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Abbott, Michael Lehman

    1999-10-01

    Past lead ore processing conducted in the Southeast Missouri Old Lead Belt since the 1700s has left numerous large areas of lead contamination in elevated piles of fine gravel waste called “chat” and dried-out tailings ponds. Wind suspension and atmospheric dispersion are known to transport these materials to the surrounding communities where the lead could pose a human health threat through inhalation or ingestion of the deposited contamination. The purpose of this study was to estimate potential wind suspension rates, perform dispersion modeling of the tailings and chat sources, and determine ground surface deposition rates and potential soil concentrations of lead in the surrounding areas. The results can be used to prioritize soil sampling locations, site air monitors, help identify the source of soil lead contamination, and to help develop remediation plans. Numerous, large complex sources in the region were parameterized into 33 area sources with the aid of digital aerial photos, digitized typographic maps, Geographic Information Systems (GIS) software, and site inspections. An AP-42 particulate emission model was used to estimate lower- and upper-bound hourly emission rates using six years of hourly wind speed data obtained from the St. Louis Airport. The emissions model accounted for wind speed, precipitation, source-specific aggregate size, fraction of vegetation cover, and site-specific lead concentrations. An alternative simplified method to calculate emissions from elevated chat piles was developed. The Fugitive Dust Model (FDM) was then used to calculate long-term average and maximum 24-hour deposition rates of lead over a 200 km2 region. Soil concentrations were estimated from modeled deposition rates, time of deposition (80 y) and an assumed surface (0-5.08 cm) mixing depth. Model performance was evaluated by comparing lower- and upper- bound modeled predictions to both air and soil sampling data obtained at two sites. The predicted-to-observed (P/O) ratios calculated using the geometric mean of the lower- and upper-bound modeled concentrations ranged from a low of 0.84 at 300 m to a high of 1.4 at 1800 m, with an average of 1.1. The P/O ratios tended to increase slightly at distances beyond about 1 km. These P/O ratios demonstrate exceptional model performance for the particular sampling transect (location and direction) investigated.

  5. Digital Music Research UK Roadmap www.dmrn.org/roadmap Developed by the Digital Music Research Network 1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Miranda, Eduardo Reck

    Digital Music Research ­ UK Roadmap www.dmrn.org/roadmap Developed by the Digital Music Research Network 1 Research Goals in Digital Music: A Ten Year View High-Level Parametric Control A number of a sound. Normally, an equalizer is used to modify the auditory quality of the music; for example

  6. ECE 271 Digital Logic Design Catalog Description: A first course in digital logic design. Data types and representations,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    and definitions used in digital logic design: notation, number systems, difference between analog and digital system, specification and implementation, analysis and design, design cycle, CAD tools, combinational-level description of a digital system into a binary description of it (ABET Outcomes: A,M) 2. Analyze and design

  7. Digital Music Research UK Roadmap www.dmrn.org/roadmap Developed by the Digital Music Research Network 1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Miranda, Eduardo Reck

    Digital Music Research ­ UK Roadmap www.dmrn.org/roadmap Developed by the Digital Music Research the development of knowledge and the development of the field. The DMRN Roadmap project made two surveys recognition of audio; machine recognition of music) #12;Digital Music Research ­ UK Roadmap www.dmrn.org/roadmap

  8. Digital Creation and Preservation Working Group Plan and oversee implementation for the Libraries' digital preservation program, particularly in relation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Schweik, Charles M.

    for the Libraries' digital preservation program, particularly in relation to the Libraries' unique resources to the Digital Strategies Group. Chair: Appointed by the Director of Libraries Membership: Members serveDigital Creation and Preservation Working Group Charge: Plan and oversee implementation

  9. www.keithley.com Model 2100 6 1/2-Digit Resolution Digital Multimeter

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    prepaid, to the indicated service facility. Repairs will be made and the product returned, transportation prepaid. Repaired or replaced products are warranted for the balance of the original warranty period

  10. Impacts of Elevated Atmospheric CO2and O3on Paper Birch (Betula papyrifera): Reproductive Fitness

    DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

    Darbah, Joseph N. T.; Kubiske, Mark E.; Nelson, Neil; Oksanen, Elina; Vaapavuori, Elina; Karnosky, David F.

    2007-01-01

    Atmospheric CO2and tropospheric O3are rising in many regions of the world. Little is known about how these two commonly co-occurring gases will affect reproductive fitness of important forest tree species. Here, we report on the long-term effects of CO3and O3for paper birch seedlings exposed for nearly their entire life history at the Aspen FACE (Free Air Carbon Dioxide Enrichment) site in Rhinelander, WI. Elevated CO2increased both male and female flower production, while elevated O3increased female flower production compared to trees in control rings. Interestingly, very little flowering has yet occurred in combined treatment. Elevated CO2had significant positive effect on birchmore »catkin size, weight, and germination success rate (elevated CO2increased germination rate of birch by 110% compared to ambient CO2concentrations, decreased seedling mortality by 73%, increased seed weight by 17%, increased root length by 59%, and root-to-shoot ratio was significantly decreased, all at 3 weeks after germination), while the opposite was true of elevated O3(elevated O3decreased the germination rate of birch by 62%, decreased seed weight by 25%, and increased root length by 15%). Under elevated CO2, plant dry mass increased by 9 and 78% at the end of 3 and 14 weeks, respectively. Also, the root and shoot lengths, as well as the biomass of the seedlings, were increased for seeds produced under elevated CO2, while the reverse was true for seedlings from seeds produced under the elevated O3. Similar trends in treatment differences were observed in seed characteristics, germination, and seedling development for seeds collected in both 2004 and 2005. Our results suggest that elevated CO2and O3can dramatically affect flowering, seed production, and seed quality of paper birch, affecting reproductive fitness of this species.« less

  11. Recording multiple spatially-heterodyned direct to digital holograms in one digital image

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Hanson, Gregory R. (Clinton, TN); Bingham, Philip R. (Knoxville, TN)

    2008-03-25

    Systems and methods are described for recording multiple spatially-heterodyned direct to digital holograms in one digital image. A method includes digitally recording, at a first reference beam-object beam angle, a first spatially-heterodyned hologram including spatial heterodyne fringes for Fourier analysis; Fourier analyzing the recorded first spatially-heterodyned hologram by shifting a first original origin of the recorded first spatially-heterodyned hologram to sit on top of a first spatial-heterodyne carrier frequency defined by the first reference beam-object beam angle; digitally recording, at a second reference beam-object beam angle, a second spatially-heterodyned hologram including spatial heterodyne fringes for Fourier analysis; Fourier analyzing the recorded second spatially-heterodyned hologram by shifting a second original origin of the recorded second spatially-heterodyned hologram to sit on top of a second spatial-heterodyne carrier frequency defined by the second reference beam-object beam angle; applying a first digital filter to cut off signals around the first original origin and define a first result; performing a first inverse Fourier transform on the first result; applying a second digital filter to cut off signals around the second original origin and define a second result; and performing a second inverse Fourier transform on the second result, wherein the first reference beam-object beam angle is not equal to the second reference beam-object beam angle and a single digital image includes both the first spatially-heterodyned hologram and the second spatially-heterodyned hologram.

  12. The Focusing DIRC with Waveform Digitizing Electronics

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ruckman, L.L.; Nishimura, K.; Varner, G.S.; Vavra, J.; Aston, D.; Leith, D.W.G.S.; Ratcliff, B.; /SLAC

    2012-06-15

    We have tested a novel Cherenkov imaging detector called the Focusing DIRC (FDIRC) with waveform digitizing electronics. The prototype's concept is based on the BaBar DIRC with several important improvements: (a) much faster, pixelated photon detectors, (b) a mirror that makes the photon detector smaller and less sensitive to background in future applications, and (c) electronics capable of measuring single photon resolution to {sigma} {approx} 150 ps, which allows for correction due to chromatic error. In this test, the prototype has been instrumented with seven Hamamatsu H-8500 MaPMTs. Waveforms from {approx}450 pixels are digitized with waveform sampling electronics based on the BLAB2 ASIC, operating at a sampling speed of {approx}2.5 GSa/s. This version of the FDIRC prototype was tested in a large cosmic ray telescope providing muon tracks with {approx}1 mrad angular resolution and a muon momentum cutoff of {ge} 1.6 GeV/c.

  13. Using Lotkaian Informetrics for Ranking in Digital Libraries

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Schaer, Philipp

    2011-01-01

    The purpose of this paper is to propose the use of models, theories and laws in bibliometrics and scientometrics to enhance information retrieval processes, especially ranking. A common pattern in many man-made data sets is Lotka's Law which follows the well-known power-law distributions. These informetric distributions can be used to give an alternative order to large and scattered result sets and can be applied as a new ranking mechanism. The polyrepresentation of information in Digital Library systems is used to enhance the retrieval quality, to overcome the drawbacks of the typical term-based ranking approaches and to enable users to explore retrieved document sets from a different perspective.

  14. Digital computer operation of a nuclear reactor

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Colley, R.W.

    1982-06-29

    A method is described for the safe operation of a complex system such as a nuclear reactor using a digital computer. The computer is supplied with a data base containing a list of the safe state of the reactor and a list of operating instructions for achieving a safe state when the actual state of the reactor does not correspond to a listed safe state, the computer selects operating instructions to return the reactor to a safe state.

  15. Digital computer operation of a nuclear reactor

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Colley, Robert W. (Richland, WA)

    1984-01-01

    A method is described for the safe operation of a complex system such as a nuclear reactor using a digital computer. The computer is supplied with a data base containing a list of the safe state of the reactor and a list of operating instructions for achieving a safe state when the actual state of the reactor does not correspond to a listed safe state, the computer selects operating instructions to return the reactor to a safe state.

  16. Federal Digital Strategy | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious Rank EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center HomeVehicleDepartmentMediaEnergyFederal Digital Strategy Federal

  17. DIGITAL TECHNOLOGY BUSINESS CASE METHODOLOGY GUIDE & WORKBOOK

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Thomas, Ken; Lawrie, Sean; Hart, Adam; Vlahoplus, Chris

    2014-09-01

    Performance advantages of the new digital technologies are widely acknowledged, but it has proven difficult for utilities to derive business cases for justifying investment in these new capabilities. Lack of a business case is often cited by utilities as a barrier to pursuing wide-scale application of digital technologies to nuclear plant work activities. The decision to move forward with funding usually hinges on demonstrating actual cost reductions that can be credited to budgets and thereby truly reduce O&M or capital costs. Technology enhancements, while enhancing work methods and making work more efficient, often fail to eliminate workload such that it changes overall staffing and material cost requirements. It is critical to demonstrate cost reductions or impacts on non-cost performance objectives in order for the business case to justify investment by nuclear operators. This Business Case Methodology approaches building a business case for a particular technology or suite of technologies by detailing how they impact an operator in one or more of the three following areas: Labor Costs, Non-Labor Costs, and Key Performance Indicators (KPIs). Key to those impacts will be identifying where the savings are “harvestable,” meaning they result in an actual reduction in headcount and/or cost. The report consists of a Digital Technology Business Case Methodology Guide and an accompanying spreadsheet workbook that will enable the user to develop a business case.

  18. Image display device in digital TV

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Choi, Seung Jong (Seoul, KR)

    2006-07-18

    Disclosed is an image display device in a digital TV that is capable of carrying out the conversion into various kinds of resolution by using single bit map data in the digital TV. The image display device includes: a data processing part for executing bit map conversion, compression, restoration and format-conversion for text data; a memory for storing the bit map data obtained according to the bit map conversion and compression in the data processing part and image data inputted from an arbitrary receiving part, the receiving part receiving one of digital image data and analog image data; an image outputting part for reading the image data from the memory; and a display processing part for mixing the image data read from the image outputting part and the bit map data converted in format from the a data processing part. Therefore, the image display device according to the present invention can convert text data in such a manner as to correspond with various resolution, carry out the compression for bit map data, thereby reducing the memory space, and support text data of an HTML format, thereby providing the image with the text data of various shapes.

  19. Microtopographic characterization of ice-wedge polygon landscape in Barrow, Alaska: a digital map of troughs, rims, centers derived from high resolution (0.25 m) LiDAR data

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Gangodagamage, Chandana; Wullschleger, Stan

    2014-07-03

    The dataset represents microtopographic characterization of the ice-wedge polygon landscape in Barrow, Alaska. Three microtopographic features are delineated using 0.25 m high resolution digital elevation dataset derived from LiDAR. The troughs, rims, and centers are the three categories in this classification scheme. The polygon troughs are the surface expression of the ice-wedges that are in lower elevations than the interior polygon. The elevated shoulders of the polygon interior immediately adjacent to the polygon troughs are the polygon rims for the low center polygons. In case of high center polygons, these features are the topographic highs. In this classification scheme, both topographic highs and rims are considered as polygon rims. The next version of the dataset will include more refined classification scheme including separate classes for rims ad topographic highs. The interior part of the polygon just adjacent to the polygon rims are the polygon centers.

  20. Microtopographic characterization of ice-wedge polygon landscape in Barrow, Alaska: a digital map of troughs, rims, centers derived from high resolution (0.25 m) LiDAR data

    DOE Data Explorer [Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)]

    Gangodagamage, Chandana; Wullschleger, Stan

    The dataset represents microtopographic characterization of the ice-wedge polygon landscape in Barrow, Alaska. Three microtopographic features are delineated using 0.25 m high resolution digital elevation dataset derived from LiDAR. The troughs, rims, and centers are the three categories in this classification scheme. The polygon troughs are the surface expression of the ice-wedges that are in lower elevations than the interior polygon. The elevated shoulders of the polygon interior immediately adjacent to the polygon troughs are the polygon rims for the low center polygons. In case of high center polygons, these features are the topographic highs. In this classification scheme, both topographic highs and rims are considered as polygon rims. The next version of the dataset will include more refined classification scheme including separate classes for rims ad topographic highs. The interior part of the polygon just adjacent to the polygon rims are the polygon centers.

  1. DOES CRITICAL MASS DECREASE AS TEMPERATURE INCREASES: A REVIEW OF FIVE BENCHMARK EXPERIMENTS THAT SPAN A RANGE OF ELEVATED TEMPERATURES AND CRITICAL CONFIGURATIONS

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Yates, K.

    2009-06-10

    Five sets of benchmark experiments are reviewed herein that cover a diverse set of fissile system configurations. The review specifically focused on the change in critical mass of these systems at elevated temperatures and the temperature reactivity coefficient ({alpha}{sub T}) on the system. Because plutonium-based critical benchmark experiments at varying temperatures were not found at the time this review was prepared, only uranium-based systems are included, as follows: (1) HEU-SOL-THERM-010 - UO{sub 2}F{sub 2} solutions with high U{sup 235} enrichment; (2) HEU-COMP-THERM-016 - uranium-graphite blocks with low U concentration; (3) LEU-COMP-THERM-032 - water moderated lattices of UO{sub 2} with stainless steel cladding, and intermediate U{sup 235} enrichment; (4) IEU-COMP-THERM-002 - water moderated lattices of annular UO{sub 2} with/without absorbers, and intermediate U{sup 235} enrichment; and (5) LEU-COMP-THERM-026 - water moderated lattices of UO{sub 2} at different pitches, and low U{sup 235} enrichment. In three of the five benchmarks (1, 3 and 5), modeling of the critical system at room temperature is conservative compared to modeling the system at elevated temperatures, i.e., a greater fissile mass is required at elevated temperature. In one benchmark (4), there was no difference in the fissile mass between the room temperature system and the system at the examined elevated temperature. In benchmark (2), the system clearly had a negative temperature reactivity coefficient. Some of the high temperature benchmark experiments were treated with appropriate (and comprehensive) adjustments to the cross section sets and thermal expansion coefficients, while other experiments were treated with partial adjustments. Regardless of the temperature treatment, modeling the systems at room temperature was found to be conservative for the examined systems, i.e., a smaller critical mass was obtained. While the five benchmarks presented herein demonstrate that, for the conditions examined, modeling of the systems at room temperature is conservative as compared to modeling the systems at elevated temperatures, it is possible to design a system in which the critical mass at room temperature is non-conservative compared to a system at elevated temperatures. As the temperature of the systems evaluated in this review was increased, the system's overall {alpha}{sub T} was negative at elevated temperatures. Furthermore, the review demonstrates that to accurate asses the effect of increased temperature on a system's k{sub eff}, changes in fissile, moderator, cladding, and, in some cases, structural material cross sections must be combined with other factors that influence reactivity, such as volumetric thermal expansion of fissile, moderating, reflector, and other interacting media. Altering the microscopic cross sections of fissile and moderating regions for temperature changes, without adjusting the corresponding densities at elevated temperatures can lead to an incorrect assessment of the impact of elevated temperature on a fissile system.

  2. Analogue to Digital and Digital to Analogue Converters (ADCs and DACs): A Review Update

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pickering, J

    2015-01-01

    This is a review paper updated from that presented for CAS 2004. Essentially, since then, commercial components have continued to extend their performance boundaries but the basic building blocks and the techniques for choosing the best device and implementing it in a design have not changed. Analogue to digital and digital to analogue converters are crucial components in the continued drive to replace analogue circuitry with more controllable and less costly digital processing. This paper discusses the technologies available to perform in the likely measurement and control applications that arise within accelerators. It covers much of the terminology and 'specmanship' together with an application-oriented analysis of the realisable performance of the various types. Finally, some hints and warnings on system integration problems are given.

  3. Electronic structure of perovskite oxide surfaces at elevated temperatures and its correlation with oxygen reduction reactivity

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chen, Yan, Ph. D. Massachusetts Institute of Technology

    2014-01-01

    The objective is to understand the origin of the local oxygen reduction reaction (ORR) activity on the basis of the local electronic structure at the surface of transition metal oxides at elevated temperatures and in oxygen ...

  4. U-112: PostgreSQL Bugs Let Remote Authenticated Users Gain Elevated...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    2: PostgreSQL Bugs Let Remote Authenticated Users Gain Elevated Privileges, Inject SQL Commands, and Spoof Certificates U-112: PostgreSQL Bugs Let Remote Authenticated Users Gain...

  5. Systemic Elevation of PTEN Induces a Tumor-Suppressive Metabolic State

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Garcia-Cao, Isabel

    Decremental loss of PTEN results in cancer susceptibility and tumor progression. PTEN elevation might therefore be an attractive option for cancer prevention and therapy. We have generated several transgenic mouse lines ...

  6. Carbon Dynamics in Aquatic Ecosystems in Response to Elevated Atmospheric CO2 and Altered Nutrients Availability

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Song, Chao

    2011-04-26

    Aquatic ecosystems will experience altered inorganic carbon, nitrogen and phosphorous availability in the future due to elevated atmospheric CO2, stronger stratification and anthropogenic activities. Despite its importance in modulating global...

  7. Fine root dynamics along an elevational gradient in tropical Amazonian and Andean forests

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Malhi, Yadvinder

    synchronised to seasonality of solar radiation. Finally, we provide the first insights into root growth-level productivity is limited. To date, studies from only three elevational transects have provided data on fine root

  8. Effects of Vegetation Structure and Elevation on Lower Keys Marsh Rabbit Density 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dedrickson, Angela

    2012-02-14

    LKMR density on lands managed by the United States Navy, Naval Air Station Key West and evaluate how vegetation structure and patch elevation effect LKMR population density. I conducted fecal pellet counts to determine LKMR density, collected...

  9. MMPI-A: test of behavioral correlates associated with elevated scales in a sample of female juvenile delinquents 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stefanov, Michael Lee

    2006-10-30

    probability of aggressive behavior. Behavioral correlates associated with elevated MMPI-A scale 9 are impulsive behaviors, grandiose self- perception, and insensitivity. Elevations on scales 4 and 9 are not the only elevated MMPI scales commonly.... Nonconformity, unconventional, and socially deviant Scale 9 1. Impulsivity and restlessness 2. Greater likelihood and delinquent behaviors Content Scales Adolescent-Anger 1. Irritability and physical aggressiveness Adolescent...

  10. Effects of plant diversity, N fertilization, and elevated carbon dioxide on grassland soil N cycling in a

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Thomas, David D.

    Effects of plant diversity, N fertilization, and elevated carbon dioxide on grassland soil N evaluated how elevated atmospheric carbon dioxide (CO2), N fertilization, and plant species richness alter can limit the response of plant productivity to both elevated atmo- spheric carbon dioxide (CO2

  11. Abstract The results of published and unpublished ex-periments investigating the impacts of elevated [CO2] on

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    of elevated [CO2] on the chemistry of leaf litter and decomposition of plant tissues are summarized. The data plants under elevated [CO2] have an impact on decomposition processes. A meta-analysis of data from was 7.1% lower in elevated [CO2] compared to that in ambient [CO2]. This statistically significant

  12. Rhizodeposition-induced decomposition increases N availability to wild and cultivated wheat genotypes under elevated CO2

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    van Kessel, Chris

    genotypes under elevated CO2 Marie-Anne de Graaff a,b,*, Chris Van Kessel a , Johan Six a a Department Available online 11 March 2009 Keywords: Elevated CO2 Rhizodeposition N mineralization 13 C 15 N Genotypes a b s t r a c t Elevated CO2 may increase nutrient availability in the rhizosphere bystimulating N

  13. A Subbasin-based framework to represent land surface processes in an Earth System Model

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Tesfa, Teklu K.; Li, Hongyi; Leung, Lai-Yung R.; Huang, Maoyi; Ke, Yinghai; Sun, Yu; Liu, Ying

    2014-05-20

    Realistically representing spatial heterogeneity and lateral land surface processes within and between modeling units in earth system models is important because of their implications to surface energy and water exchange. The traditional approach of using regular grids as computational units in land surface models and earth system models may lead to inadequate representation of lateral movements of water, energy and carbon fluxes, especially when the grid resolution increases. Here a new subbasin-based framework is introduced in the Community Land Model (CLM), which is the land component of the Community Earth System Model (CESM). Local processes are represented assuming each subbasin as a grid cell on a pseudo grid matrix with no significant modifications to the existing CLM modeling structure. Lateral routing of water within and between subbasins is simulated with the subbasin version of a recently-developed physically based routing model, Model for Scale Adaptive River Routing (MOSART). As an illustration, this new framework is implemented in the topographically diverse region of the U.S. Pacific Northwest. The modeling units (subbasins) are delineated from high-resolution Digital Elevation Model while atmospheric forcing and surface parameters are remapped from the corresponding high resolution datasets. The impacts of this representation on simulating hydrologic processes are explored by comparing it with the default (grid-based) CLM representation. In addition, the effects of DEM resolution on parameterizing topography and the subsequent effects on runoff processes are investigated. Limited model evaluation and comparison showed that small difference between the averaged forcing can lead to more significant difference in the simulated runoff and streamflow because of nonlinear horizontal processes. Topographic indices derived from high resolution DEM may not improve the overall water balance, but affect the partitioning between surface and subsurface runoff. More systematic analyses are needed to determine the relative merits of the subbasin representation compared to the commonly used grid-based representation, especially when land surface models are approaching higher resolutions.

  14. Interannual climatic variation mediates elevated CO2 and O3 effects on forest growth

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    ). For example, some include elevated [CO2] effects on photosynthesis to estimate the fraction of anthropo- genicInterannual climatic variation mediates elevated CO2 and O3 effects on forest growth M A R K E . K carbon dioxide ([CO2]; 518 lL LÀ1 ) and ozone concentrations ([O3]; 1.5 Â background of 30­40 nL LÀ1

  15. Elevated CO2 stimulates grassland soil respiration by increasing carbon inputs rather than by enhancing soil

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Thomas, David D.

    Elevated CO2 stimulates grassland soil respiration by increasing carbon inputs rather than by enhancing soil moisture E . C A R O L A D A I R * § , P E T E R B . R E I C H , J A R E D J . T R O It is not clear whether the consistent positive effect of elevated CO2 on soil respiration (soil carbon flux, SCF

  16. Analysis of coupled transport phenomena in concrete at elevated temperatures

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Beneš, Michal; Zeman, Jan

    2010-01-01

    In this paper, we study a non-linear numerical scheme arising from the implicit time discretization of the Ba\\v{z}ant-Thonguthai model for hygro-thermal behavior of concrete at high temperatures. Existence and uniqueness of the time-discrete solution in two dimensions is established using the theory of pseudomonotone operators in Banach spaces. Next, the spatial discretization is accomplished by the conforming finite element method. An illustrative numerical example shows that the numerical model reproduces well the rapid increase of pore pressure in wet concrete due to extreme heating. Such phenomenon is of particular interest for the safety assessment of concrete structures prone to thermally-induced spalling.

  17. Harmonic distortion correction in pipelined analog to digital converters

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Panigada, Andrea

    2009-01-01

    Background Correction of Harmonic Distortion in PipelinedBackground Correction of Harmonic Distortion in PipelinedADC with 69dB SNDR Enabled by Digital Harmonic Distortion

  18. Distributed Digital Preservation: Technical, Sustainability, and Organizational Developments

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Walters, Tyler; Bishoff, Liz; Gore, Emily B.; Jordan, Mark; Wilson, Thomas C

    2009-01-01

    with the Library of Congress’ National Digital Informationand Science Library and the National Center for AtmosphericNational Leadership Grant from the Institute of Museum and Library

  19. Human Reliability Analysis for Digital Human-Machine Interfaces

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ronald L. Boring

    2014-06-01

    This paper addresses the fact that existing human reliability analysis (HRA) methods do not provide guidance on digital human-machine interfaces (HMIs). Digital HMIs are becoming ubiquitous in nuclear power operations, whether through control room modernization or new-build control rooms. Legacy analog technologies like instrumentation and control (I&C) systems are costly to support, and vendors no longer develop or support analog technology, which is considered technologically obsolete. Yet, despite the inevitability of digital HMI, no current HRA method provides guidance on how to treat human reliability considerations for digital technologies.

  20. Space, place, and database : layers of digital cartography

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Finkelberg, Amanda (Amanda Suzanne)

    2007-01-01

    This paper addresses the changes in cartography since digitization and widespread popular dissemination. Cybercartography, an emergent system of maps, mapmaking tools, and mapmakers, forces a rethinking of spatial ...

  1. Digital Templating and Preoperative Deformity Analysis with Standard Imaging Software

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jamali, Amir A.

    2009-01-01

    available digital imaging software package can be used for awith Standard Imaging Software Amir A. Jamali MD Received: 5based preoperative planning software programs have been

  2. Digital neural network-based modeling technique for extrusion processes 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jang, Won-Hyouk

    2001-01-01

    Food extrusion processes are becoming critical in the production of novel nutritional food products, whereas the design of advanced process control, monitoring and diagnostics systems has not been actively pursued in the food processing industry...

  3. THE CLASSIFICATION OF DIGITAL COVERING SPACES Laurence Boxer and Ismet KARACA

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boxer, Laurence

    THE CLASSIFICATION OF DIGITAL COVERING SPACES Laurence Boxer and Ismet KARACA Abstract Classification. Primary 55N35, 68R10, 68U05, 68U10. Key words and phrases. digital image, digital topology. In this paper we classify digital covering spaces using the conjugacy class corre- sponding to a digital

  4. Digital analogue of quantum adiabatic evolution

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Avatar Tulsi

    2015-08-10

    A quantum system can be evolved from the ground state of an initial Hamiltonian to that of a final Hamiltonian by adiabatically changing the Hamiltonian with respect to time. The system remains in the ground-state of time-changing Hamiltonian provided the change is slow enough. Quantum adiabatic evolution is a continuous time (analog) process and it is desirable to have a discrete time (digital) process which can simulate it. Here, we show that using discrete time quantum algorithms of fixed-point quantum search and phase estimation, it is possible to simulate quantum adiabatic evolution without any significant compromise with the running time.

  5. ChemXSeer Digital Library Gaussian Search

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lahiri, Shibamouli; Nangia, Shikha; Mitra, Prasenjit; Giles, C Lee; Mueller, Karl T

    2011-01-01

    We report on the Gaussian file search system designed as part of the ChemXSeer digital library. Gaussian files are produced by the Gaussian software [4], a software package used for calculating molecular electronic structure and properties. The output files are semi-structured, allowing relatively easy access to the Gaussian attributes and metadata. Our system is currently capable of searching Gaussian documents using a boolean combination of atoms (chemical elements) and attributes. We have also implemented a faceted browsing feature on three important Gaussian attribute types - Basis Set, Job Type and Method Used. The faceted browsing feature enables a user to view and process a smaller, filtered subset of documents.

  6. The Human Face of Digital Preservation: Organizational and Staff Challenges, and Initiatives at the Bibliothèque nationale de France

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bermès, Emmanuelle; Faudet, Louise

    2009-01-01

    wasn't managed by the Digital Library Department, but by theevolution of the digital library towards shared selectionof managing the digital library's website and architecture

  7. Use and Users of Digital Resources: A Focus on Undergraduate Education in the Humanities and Social Sciences

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Harley, Diane; Henke, Jonathan; Lawrence, Shannon; Miller, Ian; Perciali, Irene; Nasatir, David

    2006-01-01

    2003. A survey of digital library aggregation services.Digital Library Federation, Washington, D.C. Available atAmerican Literature. Digital Library Federation, Washington,

  8. Why Study Users? An Environmental Scan of Use and Users of Digital Resources in Humanities and Social Sciences Undergraduate Education

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Harley, Diane; Henke, Jonathan; Lawrence, Shannon

    2006-01-01

    L. 2003. Personal Digital Libraries: Creating IndividualWorkshop on Post-Digital Libraries Initiative Directions,learning objects, to digital library/museum collections, to

  9. Use and Users of Digital Resources: A Focus on Undergraduate Education in the Humanities and Social Sciences

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Harley, Diane; Henke, Jonathan; Lawrence, Shannon; Miller, Ian; Perciali, Irene; Nasatir, David

    2006-01-01

    geography, and history use more digital resources (or usein geography and history use more digital resources than onegeography, or history; enthusiasm about digital resources;

  10. Elevated Temperature Tensile Tests on DU–10Mo Rolled Foils

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Schulthess, Jason

    2014-09-01

    Tensile mechanical properties for uranium-10 wt.% molybdenum (U–10Mo) foils are required to support modeling and qualification of new monolithic fuel plate designs. It is expected that depleted uranium-10 wt% Mo (DU–10Mo) mechanical behavior is representative of the low enriched U–10Mo to be used in the actual fuel plates, therefore DU-10Mo was studied to simplify material processing, handling, and testing requirements. In this report, tensile testing of DU-10Mo fuel foils prepared using four different thermomechanical processing treatments were conducted to assess the impact of foil fabrication history on resultant tensile properties.

  11. PHOTOSYNTHESIS AND RESOURCE ALLOCATION OF THREE MOJAVE DESERT GRASSES IN RESPONSE TO ELEVATED ATMOSPHERIC CO2

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    L. A. DEFALCO; C. K. IVANS; P. VIVIN; J. R. SEEMANN; R. S. NOWAK

    2004-01-01

    Gas exchange, biomass and N allocation were compared among three Mojave Desert grasses representing different functional types to determine if photosynthetic responses and the associated allocation of resources within the plant changed after prolonged exposure to elevated CO{sub 2}. Leaf gas exchange characteristics were measured for Bromus madritensis ssp. rubens (C{sub 3} invasive annual), Achnatherum hymenoides (C{sub 3} native perennial) and Pleuraphis rigida (C{sub 4} native perennial) exposed to 360 {micro}mol mol{sup -1} (ambient) and 1000 {micro}mol mol{sup -1} (elevated) CO{sub 2} concentrations in a glasshouse experiment, and tissue biomass and total N pools were quantified from three harvests during development. The maximum rate of carboxylation by the N-rich enzyme Rubisco (Vc{sub max}), which was inferred from the relationship between net CO{sub 2} assimilation (A{sub net}) and intracellular CO{sub 2} concentration (c{sub i}), declined in the C{sub 3} species Bromus and Achnatherum across all sampling dates, but did not change at elevated CO{sub 2} for the C{sub 4} Pleuraphis. Whole plant N remained the same between CO{sub 2} treatments for all species, but patterns of allocation differed for the short- and long-lived C{sub 3} species. For Bromus, leaf N used for photosynthesis was reallocated to reproduction at elevated CO{sub 2} as inferred from the combination of lower Vc{sub max} and N per leaf area (NLA) at elevated CO{sub 2}, but similar specific leaf area (SLA, cm{sup 2} g{sup -1}), and of greater reproductive effort (RE) for the elevated CO{sub 2} treatment. Vc{sub max}, leaf N concentration and NLA declined for the perennial Achnatherum at elevated CO{sub 2} potentially due to accumulation of carbohydrates or changes in leaf morphology inferred from lower SLA and greater total biomass at elevated CO{sub 2}. In contrast, Vc{sub max} for the C{sub 4} perennial Pleuraphis did not change at elevated CO{sub 2}, and tissue biomass and total N were the same between CO{sub 2} treatments. Adjustments in photosynthetic capacity at elevated CO{sub 2} may optimize N allocation of C{sub 3} species in the Mojave Desert, which may influence plant performance and plant-plant interactions of these co-occurring species.

  12. Fire Behavior Modeling - Experiment on Surface Fire Transition to the Elevated Live Fuel

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Omodan, Sunday

    2015-01-01

    45 xiii Nomenclature English c specific heat of the body CC p constant pressure specific heat D diffusion coefficient,kW, and is the specific heat. A more accurate estimate

  13. Blood proteolytic activity elevation and plasma protein degradation in spontaneously hypertensive rat models

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chow, Jason C.

    2011-01-01

    Urine Protease Activity: Gelatin Zymography………………………. 31Plasma Protease Activity: Gelatin Zymography……..………. 19Plasma Protease Activity: Gelatin Zymography (Low M.W. )….

  14. Business elevators : an innovative model for accelerating growth of SMEs in developing markets

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cárdenas E., Fernando

    2012-01-01

    Difficulties in finding adequate sources of financing and lack of managerial capital are two of the most important reasons hindering growth and innovation of SMEs in developing countries. The need for sophisticated financial ...

  15. A Constitutive Model for the Mechanical Behavior of Single Crystal Silicon at Elevated Temperature

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Moon, H.-S.

    Silicon in single crystal form has been the material of choice for the first demonstration of the MIT microengine project. However, because it has a relatively low melting temperature, silicon is not an ideal material for ...

  16. Appending High-Resolution Elevation Data to GPS Speed Traces for Vehicle Energy Modeling and Simulation

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity ofkandz-cm11 OutreachProductswsicloudwsiclouddenDVA N C E D B L O O D S

  17. Digital Instrumentation and Control Failure Events Derivation and Analysis by Frame-Based Technique

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hui-Wen Huang; Chunkuan Shih [National Tsing Hua University, 101, Section 2, Kuang-Fu Road, Hsinchu, Taiwan 30013 (China); Swu Yih [DML International, 18F-1 295, Section 2 Kuang Fu Road, Hsinchu, Taiwan (China); Yen-Chang Tzeng; Ming-Huei Chen [Institute of Nuclear Energy Research, No. 1000, Wunhua Rd., Jiaan Village, Longtan Township, Taoyuan County 32546, Taiwan (China)

    2006-07-01

    A frame-based technique, including physical frame, logical frame, and cognitive frame, was adopted to perform digital I and C failure events derivation and analysis for generic ABWR. The physical frame was structured with a modified PCTran-ABWR plant simulation code, which was extended and enhanced on the feedwater system, recirculation system, and steam line system. The logical model is structured with MATLAB, which was incorporated into PCTran-ABWR to improve the pressure control system, feedwater control system, recirculation control system, and automated power regulation control system. As a result, the software failure of these digital control systems can be properly simulated and analyzed. The cognitive frame was simulated by the operator awareness status in the scenarios. Moreover, via an internal characteristics tuning technique, the modified PCTran-ABWR can precisely reflect the characteristics of the power-core flow. Hence, in addition to the transient plots, the analysis results can then be demonstrated on the power-core flow map. A number of postulated I and C system software failure events were derived to achieve the dynamic analyses. The basis for event derivation includes the published classification for software anomalies, the digital I and C design data for ABWR, chapter 15 accident analysis of generic SAR, and the reported NPP I and C software failure events. The case study of this research includes (1) the software CMF analysis for the major digital control systems; and (2) postulated ABWR digital I and C software failure events derivation from the actual happening of non-ABWR digital I and C software failure events, which were reported to LER of USNRC or IRS of IAEA. These events were analyzed by PCTran-ABWR. Conflicts among plant status, computer status, and human cognitive status are successfully identified. The operator might not easily recognize the abnormal condition, because the computer status seems to progress normally. However, a well trained operator can become aware of the abnormal condition with the inconsistent physical parameters; and then can take early corrective actions to avoid the system hazard. This paper also discusses the advantage of Simulation-based method, which can investigate more in-depth dynamic behavior of digital I and C system than other approaches. Some unanticipated interactions can be observed by this method. (authors)

  18. Shock sensitivity of LX 04 at elevated temperatures

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Urtiew, P.A.; Tarver, C.M.; Gorbes, J.W.; Garcia, G.

    1997-07-01

    Hazard scenarios can involve multiple stimuli, such as heating followed by fragment impact (shock). The shock response of LX-04 (85 weight % HMX and 15 weight % Viton binder) preheated to temperatures hear 170C is studied in a 10.2 cm bore diameter gas gun using embedded manganin pressure gauges. The pressure histories at various depths in the LX-04 targets and the run distances to detonation at several input shock pressures are measured and compared to those obtained in ambient temperature LX-04. The hot LX-04 is significantly more shock sensitive than ambient LX-04. Ignition and Growth reactive flow models are developed for ambient and hot LX-04 to allow predictions of impact scenarios that a can not be tested directly.

  19. Photometry from online Digitized Sky Survey Plates

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    A. Bacher; S. Kimeswenger; P. Teutsch

    2005-07-22

    Online Digital Sky Survey (DSS) material is often used to obtain information on newly discovered variable stars for older epochs (e.g. Nova progenitors, flare stars, ...). We present here the results of an investigation of photometry on online digital sky survey material in small fields calibrated by CCD sequences. We compared different source extraction mechanisms and found, that even down near to the sensitivity limit, despite the H-compression used for the online material, photometry with an accuracy better than 0\\fm1 rms is possible on DSS-II. Our investigation shows that the accuracy depends strongly on the source extraction method. The SuperCOSMOS scans, although retrieved with an higher spatial resolution, do not give us better results. The methods and parameters presented here, allow the user to obtain good plate photometry in small fields down to the Schmidt plate survey limits with a few bright CCD calibrators, which may be calibrated with amateur size telescopes. Especially for the events mentioned above, new field photometry for calibration purposes mostly exists, but the progenitors were not measured photometrically before. Also the follow up whether stellar concentrations are newly detected clusters or similar work may be done without using mid size telescopes. The calibration presented here is a "local" one for small fields. We show that this method presented here gives higher accuracies than "global" calibrations of surveys (e.g. GSC-II, SuperCOSMOS and USNO-B)

  20. Digital Alchemy for Materials Design and Optimization

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Greg van Anders; Daphne Klotsa; Andrew S. Karas; Paul M. Dodd; Sharon C. Glotzer

    2015-07-17

    Starting with the early alchemists, a holy grail of science has been to make desired materials by modifying the attributes of basic building blocks. Building blocks that show promise for assembling new complex materials can be synthesized at the nanoscale with attributes that would astonish the ancient alchemists in their versatility. However, this versatility means that making direct connection between building block attributes and bulk behavior is both necessary for rationally engineering materials, and difficult because building block attributes can be altered in many ways. Here we show how to exploit the malleability of the valence of colloidal nanoparticle "elements" to directly and quantitatively link building block attributes to bulk behavior through a statistical thermodynamic framework we term "digital alchemy". We use this framework to optimize building blocks for a given target structure, and to determine which building block attributes are most important to control for self assembly, through a set of novel thermodynamic response functions, moduli and susceptibilities. We thereby establish direct links between the attributes of colloidal building blocks and the bulk structures they form. Moreover, our results give concrete solutions to the more general conceptual challenge of optimizing emergent behaviors in nature, and can be applied to other types of matter. As examples, we apply digital alchemy to systems of truncated tetrahedra, rhombic dodecahedra, and isotropically interacting spheres that self assemble diamond, FCC, and icosahedral quasicrystal structures, respectively.

  1. Digital Signal Processing applied to Physical Signals

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Alberto, Diego; Musa, L

    2011-01-01

    It is well known that many of the scientific and technological discoveries of the XXI century will depend on the capability of processing and understanding a huge quantity of data. With the advent of the digital era, a fully digital and automated treatment can be designed and performed. From data mining to data compression, from signal elaboration to noise reduction, a processing is essential to manage and enhance features of interest after every data acquisition (DAQ) session. In the near future, science will go towards interdisciplinary research. In this work there will be given an example of the application of signal processing to different fields of Physics from nuclear particle detectors to biomedical examinations. In Chapter 1 a brief description of the collaborations that allowed this thesis is given, together with a list of the publications co-produced by the author in these three years. The most important notations, definitions and acronyms used in the work are also provided. In Chapter 2, the last r...

  2. EndNote and ACM Digital Library Importing records from the ACM Digital Library can be done directly without the need for an

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wapstra, Erik

    8/06/2012 EndNote and ACM Digital Library Importing records from the ACM Digital Library can into your EndNote library. Although ACM Digital Library has fulltext documents, only brief citations will be loaded into your EndNote library. Abstracts are also excluded from your reference. In ACM Digital Library

  3. Novel Workflows for Abstract Handling of Complex Interaction Processes in Digital Preservation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2009-01-01

    CS joint conference on Digital libraries, 279–286. New York,European Conference on Digital Libraries (ECDL Farquhar,of Digital Objects, 93–98. The British Library, St. Pancras,

  4. Measuring and Comparing Participation Patterns In Digital Repositories, Repositories by the Numbers Part I

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Thomas, Chuck; McDonald, Robert H.

    2007-01-01

    library. (Wash. , D.C: Digital Library Federation). digital repositories certainly will be an important part of future "distributed libraries" (Digital Repositories, Repositories by the Numbers Part I Chuck Thomas, Florida Center for Library

  5. The Scholarly Digital Initiatives Program at the University of Kansas: A Campus-wide Collaboration

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mercer, Holly; Ludwig, Deborah

    2005-04-30

    The University of Kansas Scholarly Digital Initiatives program is building a rich set of digital tools and resources accessed through a common digital library system and integrated with other campus central systems including the University portal...

  6. BCR’s CDP Digital Imaging Best Practices, Version 2.0

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Thiel, Sarah Goodwin; Boss, Steve; Ducey, Mary Ellen; Grinstead, Leigh; Hickerson, Robert; McCann, Steve; Rudeen, Marlys; Shelstad, Mark

    2008-01-01

    such as digital imaging, Dublin Core metadata and digital audio. These best practice documents are intended to help with the design and implementation of digitization projects. Because they were collaboratively designed by experts in the field, you can be certain...

  7. Building the Digital Library Environment at the University of Kansas - Lawrence

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Digital Library Technical Infrastructure Task Force

    2000-11-10

    In May 2000, the Digital Library Executive Group formed the Digital Library Technical Infrastructure Task Force. This report is a result of Task Force discussions on the technical issues involved in creating a digital library environment...

  8. Network Electricity Use Associated with Wireless Personal Digital Assistants

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kammen, Daniel M.

    Network Electricity Use Associated with Wireless Personal Digital Assistants Jonathan Koomey1 the widely cited claim that the network electricity use associated with a wireless personal digital assistant PDA is equal to the electricity consumed by a refrigerator. It compiles estimates of the data flows

  9. International Study on the Impact of Copyright Law on Digital

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Liang, Huizhi "Elly"

    of The Library of Congress National Digital Information Infrastructure and Preservation Program The Joint of The Library of Congress National Digital Information Infrastructure and Preservation Program The Joint Department, National Library of the Netherlands Erin Driscoll ­ Legal Officer, National Film and Sound

  10. Rice University Electrical and Computer Engineering Digital Systems Processing (DSP)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Natelson, Douglas

    Rice University Electrical and Computer Engineering Digital Systems Processing (DSP) Learn more;Rice University Electrical and Computer Engineering Digital Systems Processing (DSP) Faculty Learn more, signal processing and computer vision Dr. Veeraraghavan received his B.Tech. in Electrical Engineering

  11. Supporting An Integrated Paper-Digital Workflow for Observational Research

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hollan, Jim

    Supporting An Integrated Paper-Digital Workflow for Observational Research Nadir Weibel, Adam Fouse digital recording de- vices and storage facilities, is revolutionizing our ability to collect and analyze cognition and radically improve information-intensive work. In this paper we introduce a system to aid

  12. Breast Cytology Diagnosis Via Digital Image Analysis 1 2 3

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Street, Nick

    than others. We previously developed a computer­based classification system 7, 25 which aidsBreast Cytology Diagnosis Via Digital Image Analysis 1 2 3 William H. Wolberg, M.D. 4 W. Nick has been developed for evaluating cytologic features derived directly from a digital scan of breast

  13. Management of the NHSE --a Virtual Distributed Digital Library \\Lambda

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dongarra, Jack

    Management of the NHSE -- a Virtual Distributed Digital Library \\Lambda Shirley Browne y University with the design and initial implementation of the NHSE are relevant to a number of general digital library issues for technology trans­ fer and educational purposes. The effectiveness of the NHSE depends on discipline

  14. Harvard Library: FY2011 Volumes, Records, Titles, and Digital Files

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Harvard Library: FY2011 Volumes, Records, Titles, and Digital Files Total Expenditures *Digital Repository Service SOURCE: HARVARD LIBRARY 0.00 5.00 10.00 15.00 20.00 25.00 30.00 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 Harvard's library system now includes more than 70 separate library units, which are operated by nearly 1

  15. Harvard Library: FY2010 Volumes, Records, Titles, and Digital Files

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Harvard Library: FY2010 Volumes, Records, Titles, and Digital Files Total Expenditures *Digital Repository Service SOURCE: HARVARD LIBRARY OFFICE OF THE EXECUTIVE DIRECTOR 0.00 2.00 4.00 6.00 8.00 10.00 12 Collections Costs Staffing Costs Operations Harvard's library system now includes more than 70 separate

  16. Practical Attacks on Digital Signatures Using MD5 Message Digest

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Practical Attacks on Digital Signatures Using MD5 Message Digest Ondrej Mikle Department schemes based on MD5 message digest on an example using GPG. Keywords: collision, hash function, MD5 1 used for file integrity checking and as a message digest in digital signature schemes. During CRYPTO

  17. Handwritten Digit Recognition with a Back-Propagation Network

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Parker, Gary B.

    Handwritten Digit Recognition with a Back-Propagation Network Y. Le Cun, B. Boser, J. S. Denker, D We present an application of back-propagation networks to hand- written digit recognition. Minimal. 1 INTRODUCTION The main point of this paper is to show that large back-propagation (BP) net- works

  18. Handwritten Digit Recognition with a BackPropagation Network

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    LeCun, Yann

    Handwritten Digit Recognition with a Back­Propagation Network Y. Le Cun, B. Boser, J. S. Denker, D We present an application of back­propagation networks to hand­ written digit recognition. Minimal. 1 INTRODUCTION The main point of this paper is to show that large back­propagation (BP) net­ works

  19. The ADEPT Digital Library Architecture Department of Computer Science

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Janée, Greg

    The ADEPT Digital Library Architecture Greg Janée Department of Computer Science University distributed digital libraries of georeferenced information. An ADEPT system comprises one or more autonomous libraries, each of which provides a uniform interface to one or more collections, each of which manages

  20. A digital library based on Mizar UCL Interaction Centre

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cairns, Paul

    to define more specific requirements for formal libraries and presentation technologies. 1 IntroductionA digital library based on Mizar Jeremy Gow UCL Interaction Centre London j.gow@ucl.ac.uk Paul a prototype digital library based on the Mizar Mathematical Library. Understanding how it fails helps us

  1. Dirio Digital DIRECTOR: PEDRO CURVELO Ensino | Cincia e Tecnologia | Ambiente

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Instituto de Sistemas e Robotica

    ambiente, o clima, a energia, a educação, o desporto e o território. Diário Digital com Lusa Fusão dasDiário Digital DIRECTOR: PEDRO CURVELO Ensino | Ciência e Tecnologia | Ambiente 02-01-2013 às 14

  2. Factors influencing digital technology use in early childhood education

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shahriar, Selim

    Factors influencing digital technology use in early childhood education Courtney K. Blackwell extrinsic and intrinsic factors that influence early childhood educators' digital technology use. Survey data from 1234 early childhood educators indicate that attitudes toward the value of technology to aid

  3. Inferring Motor Programs from Images of Handwritten Digits

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hinton, Geoffrey E.

    Inferring Motor Programs from Images of Handwritten Digits Geoffrey Hinton and Vinod Nair whose stiffnesses are controlled by a motor program. We show how neural networks can be trained to infer the motor programs required to accurately reconstruct the MNIST digits. The inferred motor programs can

  4. Combined Honours BA Digital Journalism and Communication, Media, and Film

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Combined Honours BA Digital Journalism and Communication, Media, and Film Are you looking in Digital Journalism (DJ) and Communication, Media, and Film (CMF) is for you. That's because our DJ, you will study the theory and ethics of journalism in a rapidly changing technological landscape

  5. Combined Honours BA Digital Journalism and Political Science

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Combined Honours BA Digital Journalism and Political Science Are you looking for a career combining-set? If so, the Combined Honours program in Digital Journalism and Political Science is for you. www in mainstream and alternative journalism, as well in as such fields as communications for business, government

  6. A direct digital synthesis chirped pulse Fourier transform microwave spectrometer

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Blake, Geoffrey

    A direct digital synthesis chirped pulse Fourier transform microwave spectrometer Ian A. Finneran OF SCIENTIFIC INSTRUMENTS 84, 083104 (2013) A direct digital synthesis chirped pulse Fourier transform microwave pulse Fourier transform microwave (CP-FTMW) spectrometers have become the instrument of choice

  7. Music Representation in a Digital Music Library Donald Byrd

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Indiana University

    Music Representation in a Digital Music Library Donald Byrd School of Music Indiana University Bloomington, IN 47401 812-856-0129 donbyrd@indiana.edu Eric Isaacson School of Music Indiana University Bloomington, IN 47401 812-855-0296 isaacso@indiana.edu Abstract The Variations2 digital music library

  8. Digital Circuits Spring 2008--Course 0156-244-001

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bentley, Sean

    of Digital Logic with VHDL Design, 2nd edition, Brown & Vranesic Instructor: Sean Bentley 8H Blodgett HallDigital Circuits Spring 2008--Course 0156-244-001 Science 309, TR 1:40-2:55 pm Text: Fundamentals IN LAB, directly in the notebook (not copied over for neatness). This is to be like a real engineering/research

  9. Digital Business Ecosystem Tools as Interoperability Mikls Herdon1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    ecosystem - enterprise information systems - SME 1 Introduction The Digital Business Ecosystem (DBEDigital Business Ecosystem Tools as Interoperability Drivers Miklós Herdon1 , Mária Raffai2 , Ádám of the Digital Business Ecosystem (DBE) has been come life in order to build an Internet-based environment

  10. Concurrent Testing of Digital Microfluidics-Based Biochips

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chakrabarty, Krishnendu

    Concurrent Testing of Digital Microfluidics-Based Biochips FEI SU, SULE OZEV, and KRISHNENDU in digital microfluidics-based biochips and investigate the related problems of test planning and resource this optimization problem. We apply the proposed concurrent testing method- ology to a droplet-based microfluidic

  11. Digital Watermarking for Telltale Tamper Proofing and Authentication

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kundur, Deepa

    Digital Watermarking for Telltale Tamper Proofing and Authentication DEEPA KUNDUR, STUDENT MEMBER the problem of fragile digital watermarking for the tamper proofing of still images. Applications of our domain of the image by quantizing the corresponding coefficients. Tamper detection is pos- sible

  12. Digital Communication using Chaos and Nonlinear Lucas Illing

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Illing, Lucas

    Digital Communication using Chaos and Nonlinear Dynamics Lucas Illing Reed College, Portland, OR 97202 Abstract Digital communication using synchronized chaos is reviewed on the example that arise due to noise and other distortions occurring in the communication channel are pointed out and ways

  13. Tomographic Digital Subtraction Angiography for Lung Perfusion Estimation in Rodents

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tomographic Digital Subtraction Angiography for Lung Perfusion Estimation in Rodents Cristian T. The capabilities of TDSA are established in studies on lung perfusion in rats. Using an imaging system developed in to therapeutics. Keywords X-ray; digital subtraction angiography; tomosynthesis; small animal; lung; perfusion

  14. A Digital Frequency Synthesizer Phase Locked Loop Technique

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bibyk, Steven B.

    Characterization, Design with transistors and op-Amps, Digital Circuit design and non-linear circuit analysis. iii system. Some of its uses include recovering clock from digital data signals, performing frequency, phase disciplines of electrical engineering such as Communication Theory, Control Theory, Signal Analysis, Noise

  15. MIXED SIGNAL ANALOG/DIGITAL BOARD Sylwester Warecki1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Palusinski, Olgierd A.

    in communication systems. Analysis and design of such circuits is very complex. Software support tools for analysis creates the prob- lem of designing the control logic for switching the analog and digital parts-Signal Development Board and its microprocessor is a digital-controlling unit of the system while the Motorola FPAA

  16. Digital Sun Sensor Using Multiple Pinholes Charlie Hersom

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hornsey, Richard

    Digital Sun Sensor Using Multiple Pinholes Charlie Hersom President Spectral Applied Research (905 with CRESTech and the University of Waterloo, has developed a low-cost digital sun sensor for satellite attitude each field-of-view. The Sun is a nearly collimated source and produces a spot on the array via

  17. Digital Styling for Designers: in Prospective Automotive Design

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Toronto, University of

    design studios are introducing a high resolution large-display H/W, so called a power wallDigital Styling for Designers: in Prospective Automotive Design Seok-Hyung Bae and Ryugo Kijima) the digital design sketch, (b) real-size spline curve modification system, and (c) direct 3D shape creation

  18. Earthquake Damage Identification using High-Resolution Satellite

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shinozuka, Masanobu

    detection ­ Change detection ­ Thematic classification · Thematic classification results · Future studies resolution panchromatic (B&W) ­ 4 m resolution multispectral (color) #12;Satellite Digital Data clouds/night ­ Radar image speckle ­ Interferometry to get digital elevation models or temporal movements

  19. Synchronous digitization for high dynamic range lock-in amplification in beam-scanning microscopy

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Muir, Ryan D.; Sullivan, Shane Z.; Oglesbee, Robert A.; Simpson, Garth J.

    2014-03-15

    Digital lock-in amplification (LIA) with synchronous digitization (SD) is shown to provide significant signal to noise (S/N) and linear dynamic range advantages in beam-scanning microscopy measurements using pulsed laser sources. Direct comparisons between SD-LIA and conventional LIA in homodyne second harmonic generation measurements resulted in S/N enhancements consistent with theoretical models. SD-LIA provided notably larger S/N enhancements in the limit of low light intensities, through the smooth transition between photon counting and signal averaging developed in previous work. Rapid beam scanning instrumentation with up to video rate acquisition speeds minimized photo-induced sample damage. The corresponding increased allowance for higher laser power without sample damage is advantageous for increasing the observed signal content.

  20. Designing mobile digital library services for pre-engineering and technology literacy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2007-01-01

    supporting the National STEM education digital library pro-or NEEDS (National Engineering Education Digital-librarydigital library resources to state and national standards,

  1. Pharmaceutical digital marketing and governance: illicit actors and challenges to global patient safety and public health

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mackey, Tim K; Liang, Bryan A

    2013-01-01

    next pharmaceutical marketing frontier. J Commer BiotechnolPharmaceutical digital marketing and governance: illicitPharmaceutical digital marketing and governance: illicit

  2. Network Television and the Digital Threat

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lapan, Lisa

    2009-01-01

    components to its business model: content and distribution.Check for Sustainable Business Models, MEDIA PosT, Feb. 16,to Revamp Traditional Business Models, MEDIA POST, Nov. 14,

  3. The Digital Video Library System:Vision and (published, Digital Library'94,college Station, TX,47-52)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kansas, University of

    National Information Infrastructure. To be an effective library, users need to be able to find the video1 The Digital Video Library System:Vision and Design (published, Digital Library'94,college Station libraries of the future will provide electronic access to information in many different forms. Recent

  4. TOF spectroscopy measurement using waveform digitizer

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Longxiang Liu; Hongwei Wang; Yugang Ma; Xiguang Cao; Xiangzhou Cai; Jingen Chen; Guilin Zhang; Jianlong Han; Guogiang Zhang; Jifeng Hu; Xiaohe Wang

    2015-09-17

    The photoneutron source (PNS, phase 1), an electron linear accelerator (linac)-based pulsed neutron facility that uses the time-of-flight (TOF) technique, was constructed for the acquisition of nuclear data from the thorium molten salt reactor(TMSR) at the Shanghai Institute of Applied Physics (SINAP). The neutron detector signal, with the information on the pulse arrival time, pulse shape, and pulse height, was recorded by using a waveform digitizer (WFD). By using the pulse height and pulse-shape discrimination (PSD) analysis to identify neutrons and $\\gamma$-rays, the neutron TOF spectrum was obtained by employing a simple electronic design, and a new WFD-based DAQ system was developed and tested in this commissioning experiment. The developed DAQ system is characterized by a very high efficiency with respect to millisecond neutron TOF spectroscopy

  5. Digital Alchemy for Materials Design and Optimization

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    van Anders, Greg; Karas, Andrew S; Dodd, Paul M; Glotzer, Sharon C

    2015-01-01

    Starting with the early alchemists, a holy grail of science has been to make desired materials by modifying the attributes of basic building blocks. Building blocks that show promise for assembling new complex materials can be synthesized at the nanoscale with attributes that would astonish the ancient alchemists in their versatility. However, this versatility means that making direct connection between building block attributes and bulk behavior is both necessary for rationally engineering materials, and difficult because building block attributes can be altered in many ways. Here we show how to exploit the malleability of the valence of colloidal nanoparticle "elements" to directly and quantitatively link building block attributes to bulk behavior through a statistical thermodynamic framework we term "digital alchemy". We use this framework to optimize building blocks for a given target structure, and to determine which building block attributes are most important to control for self assembly, through a set...

  6. Cell shape identification using digital holographic microscopy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zakrisson, Johan; Andersson, Magnus

    2015-01-01

    We present a cost-effective, simple and fast digital holographic microscopy method based upon Rayleigh-Sommerfeld back propagation for identification of the geometrical shape of a cell. The method was tested using synthetic hologram images generated by ray-tracing software and from experimental images of semi-transparent spherical beads and living red blood cells. Our results show that by only using the real part of the back-reconstructed amplitude the proposed method can provide information of the geometrical shape of the object and at the same time accurately determine the axial position of the object under study. The proposed method can be used in flow chamber assays for pathophysiological studies where fast morphological changes of cells are studied in high numbers and at different heights.

  7. Digital radiography exposure indices: A review

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Mothiram, Ursula; Brennan, Patrick C; Lewis, Sarah J; Moran, Bernadette; Robinson, John

    2014-06-15

    Digital radiography (DR) technologies have the advantage of a wide dynamic range compared to their film-screen predecessors, however, this poses a potential for increased patient exposure if left unchecked. Manufacturers have developed the exposure index (EI) to counter this, which provides radiographers with feedback on the exposure reaching the detector. As these EIs were manufacturer-specific, a wide variety of EIs existed. To offset this, the international standardised EI has been developed by the International Electrotechnical Commission (IEC) and the American Association of Physicists in Medicine (AAPM). The purpose of this article is to explore the current literature relating to EIs, beginning with the historical development of the EI, the development of the standardised EI and an exploration of common themes and studies as evidenced in the research literature. It is anticipated that this review will provide radiographers with a useful guide to understanding EIs, their application in clinical practice, limitations and suggestions for further research.

  8. Storage and retrieval of large digital images

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Bradley, J.N.

    1998-01-20

    Image compression and viewing are implemented with (1) a method for performing DWT-based compression on a large digital image with a computer system possessing a two-level system of memory and (2) a method for selectively viewing areas of the image from its compressed representation at multiple resolutions and, if desired, in a client-server environment. The compression of a large digital image I(x,y) is accomplished by first defining a plurality of discrete tile image data subsets T{sub ij}(x,y) that, upon superposition, form the complete set of image data I(x,y). A seamless wavelet-based compression process is effected on I(x,y) that is comprised of successively inputting the tiles T{sub ij}(x,y) in a selected sequence to a DWT routine, and storing the resulting DWT coefficients in a first primary memory. These coefficients are periodically compressed and transferred to a secondary memory to maintain sufficient memory in the primary memory for data processing. The sequence of DWT operations on the tiles T{sub ij}(x,y) effectively calculates a seamless DWT of I(x,y). Data retrieval consists of specifying a resolution and a region of I(x,y) for display. The subset of stored DWT coefficients corresponding to each requested scene is determined and then decompressed for input to an inverse DWT, the output of which forms the image display. The repeated process whereby image views are specified may take the form an interaction with a computer pointing device on an image display from a previous retrieval. 6 figs.

  9. Storage and retrieval of large digital images

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Bradley, Jonathan N. (Los Alamos, NM)

    1998-01-01

    Image compression and viewing are implemented with (1) a method for performing DWT-based compression on a large digital image with a computer system possessing a two-level system of memory and (2) a method for selectively viewing areas of the image from its compressed representation at multiple resolutions and, if desired, in a client-server environment. The compression of a large digital image I(x,y) is accomplished by first defining a plurality of discrete tile image data subsets T.sub.ij (x,y) that, upon superposition, form the complete set of image data I(x,y). A seamless wavelet-based compression process is effected on I(x,y) that is comprised of successively inputting the tiles T.sub.ij (x,y) in a selected sequence to a DWT routine, and storing the resulting DWT coefficients in a first primary memory. These coefficients are periodically compressed and transferred to a secondary memory to maintain sufficient memory in the primary memory for data processing. The sequence of DWT operations on the tiles T.sub.ij (x,y) effectively calculates a seamless DWT of I(x,y). Data retrieval consists of specifying a resolution and a region of I(x,y) for display. The subset of stored DWT coefficients corresponding to each requested scene is determined and then decompressed for input to an inverse DWT, the output of which forms the image display. The repeated process whereby image views are specified may take the form an interaction with a computer pointing device on an image display from a previous retrieval.

  10. Elevated CO2 increases tree-level intrinsic water use efficiency: insights from carbon and oxygen isotope analyses in tree rings across three forest FACE sites

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Battipaglia, Giovanna [Second University of Naples; Saurer, Matthias [Paul Scherrer Institut, Villigen, Switzerland; Cherubini, Paulo [WSL Swiss Federal Institute for Forest, Snow and Landscape Research; Califapietra, Carlo [University of Tuscia; McCarthy, Heather R [Duke University; Norby, Richard J [ORNL; Cotrufo, M. Francesca [Colorado State University, Fort Collins

    2013-01-01

    Elevated CO2 increases intrinsic water use efficiency (WUEi) of forests, but the magnitude of this effect and its interaction with climate is still poorly understood. We combined tree ring analysis with isotope measurements at three Free Air CO2 Enrichment (FACE, POP-EUROFACE, in Italy; Duke FACE in North Carolina and ORNL in Tennessee, USA) sites, to cover the entire life of the trees. We used 13C to assess carbon isotope discrimination ( 13C ci/ca) and changes in WUEi, while direct CO2 effects on stomatal conductance were explored using 18O as a proxy. Across all the sites, elevated CO2 increased 13C-derived WUEi on average by 73% for Liquidambar styraciflua, 77% for Pinus taeda and 75% for Populus sp., but through different ecophysiological mechanisms. Our findings provide a robust means of predicting WUEi responses from a variety of tree species exposed to variable environmental conditions over time, and species-specific relationships that can help modeling elevated CO2 and climate impacts on forest productivity, carbon and water balances.

  11. Curating Architectural 3D CAD Models

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Smith, MacKenzie

    Increasing demand to manage and preserve 3-dimensional models for a variety of physical phenomena (e.g., building and engineering designs, computer games, or scientific visualizations) is creating new challenges for digital ...

  12. REVIEW OF NRC APPROVED DIGITAL CONTROL SYSTEMS ANALYSIS

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    D.W. Markman

    1999-09-17

    Preliminary design concepts for the proposed Subsurface Repository at Yucca Mountain indicate extensive reliance on modern, computer-based, digital control technologies. The purpose of this analysis is to investigate the degree to which the U. S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC) has accepted and approved the use of digital control technology for safety-related applications within the nuclear power industry. This analysis reviews cases of existing digitally-based control systems that have been approved by the NRC. These cases can serve as precedence for using similar types of digitally-based control technologies within the Subsurface Repository. While it is anticipated that the Yucca Mountain Project (YMP) will not contain control systems as complex as those required for a nuclear power plant, the review of these existing NRC approved applications will provide the YMP with valuable insight into the NRCs review process and design expectations for safety-related digital control systems. According to the YMP Compliance Program Guidance, portions of various NUREGS, Regulatory Guidelines, and nuclear IEEE standards the nuclear power plant safety related concept would be applied to some of the designs on a case-by-case basis. This analysis will consider key design methods, capabilities, successes, and important limitations or problems of selected control systems that have been approved for use in the Nuclear Power industry. An additional purpose of this analysis is to provide background information in support of further development of design criteria for the YMP. The scope and primary objectives of this analysis are to: (1) Identify and research the extent and precedence of digital control and remotely operated systems approved by the NRC for the nuclear power industry. Help provide a basis for using and relying on digital technologies for nuclear related safety critical applications. (2) Identify the basic control architecture and methods of key digital control systems approved for use in the nuclear power industry by the NRC. (3) Identify and discuss key design issues, features, benefits, and limitations of these NRC approved digital control systems that can be applied as design guidance and correlated to the Monitored Geologic Repository (MGR) design requirements. (4) Identify codes and standards used in the design of these NRC approved digital control systems and discuss their possible applicability to the design of a subsurface nuclear waste repository. (5) Evaluate the NRC approved digital control system's safety, reliability and maintainability features and issues. Apply these to MGR design methodologies and requirements. (6) Provide recommendations for use in developing design criteria in the System Description Documents for the digital control systems of the subsurface nuclear waste repository at Yucca Mountain. (7) Develop recommendations for applying NRC approval methods for digital control systems for the subsurface nuclear waste repository at Yucca Mountain. This analysis will focus on the development of the issues, criteria and methods used and required for identifying the appropriate requirements for digital based control systems. Attention will be placed on development of recommended design criteria for digital controls including interpretation of codes, standards and regulations. Attention will also focus on the use of digital controls and COTS (Commercial Off-the-shelf) technology and equipment in selected NRC approved digital control systems, and as referenced in applicable codes, standards and regulations. The analysis will address design issues related to COTS technology and how they were dealt with in previous NRC approved digital control systems.

  13. Smaller cornu ammonis 2-3/dentate gyrus volumes and elevated cortisol in multiple sclerosis patients with depressive symptoms.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2010-01-01

    and elevated cortisol in multiple sclerosis patients withNancy L Sicotte 1,2 Multiple Sclerosis Program, Departmentwords: relapsing-remitting multiple sclerosis – depression –

  14. OPEN POSITION: Entomological Taxonomist and Research Associate Improving our understanding of the elevational biodiversity gradient of Rocky Mountain National Park

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ishida, Yuko

    of the elevational biodiversity gradient of Rocky Mountain National Park: arthropod diversity and conservation Range, including from Rocky Mountain National Park. The taxonomic groups of most interest include

  15. Digital data storage systems, computers, and data verification methods

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Groeneveld, Bennett J.; Austad, Wayne E.; Walsh, Stuart C.; Herring, Catherine A.

    2005-12-27

    Digital data storage systems, computers, and data verification methods are provided. According to a first aspect of the invention, a computer includes an interface adapted to couple with a dynamic database; and processing circuitry configured to provide a first hash from digital data stored within a portion of the dynamic database at an initial moment in time, to provide a second hash from digital data stored within the portion of the dynamic database at a subsequent moment in time, and to compare the first hash and the second hash.

  16. Feed-forward digital phase and amplitude correction system

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Yu, D.U.L.; Conway, P.H.

    1994-11-15

    Phase and amplitude modifications in repeatable RF pulses at the output of a high power pulsed microwave amplifier are made utilizing a digital feed-forward correction system. A controlled amount of the output power is coupled to a correction system for processing of phase and amplitude information. The correction system comprises circuitry to compare the detected phase and amplitude with the desired phase and amplitude, respectively, and a digitally programmable phase shifter and attenuator and digital logic circuitry to control the phase shifter and attenuator. The phase and amplitude of subsequent are modified by output signals from the correction system. 11 figs.

  17. Feed-forward digital phase and amplitude correction system

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Yu, David U. L. (Rancho Palos Verdes, CA); Conway, Patrick H. (Rancho Palos Verdes, CA)

    1994-01-01

    Phase and amplitude modifications in repeatable RF pulses at the output of a high power pulsed microwave amplifier are made utilizing a digital feed-forward correction system. A controlled amount of the output power is coupled to a correction system for processing of phase and amplitude information. The correction system comprises circuitry to compare the detected phase and amplitude with the desired phase and amplitude, respectively, and a digitally programmable phase shifter and attenuator and digital logic circuitry to control the phase shifter and attenuator. The Phase and amplitude of subsequent are modified by output signals from the correction system.

  18. Sloan Digital Sky Survey photometric telescope automation and observing software

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Eric H. Neilsen, Jr. et al.

    2002-10-16

    The photometric telescope (PT) provides observations necessary for the photometric calibration of the Sloan Digital Sky Survey (SDSS). Because the attention of the observing staff is occupied by the operation of the 2.5 meter telescope which takes the survey data proper, the PT must reliably take data with little supervision. In this paper we describe the PT's observing program, MOP, which automates most tasks necessary for observing. MOP's automated target selection is closely modeled on the actions a human observer might take, and is built upon a user interface that can be (and has been) used for manual operation. This results in an interface that makes it easy for an observer to track the activities of the automating procedures and intervene with minimum disturbance when necessary. MOP selects targets from the same list of standard star and calibration fields presented to the user, and chooses standard star fields covering ranges of airmass, color, and time necessary to monitor atmospheric extinction and produce a photometric solution. The software determines when additional standard star fields are unnecessary, and selects survey calibration fields according to availability and priority. Other automated features of MOP, such as maintaining the focus and keeping a night log, are also built around still functional manual interfaces, allowing the observer to be as active in observing as desired; MOP's automated features may be used as tools for manual observing, ignored entirely, or allowed to run the telescope with minimal supervision when taking routine data.

  19. Evidence that chytrids dominate fungal communities in high-elevation soils

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Schmidt, Steven K.

    - out the world. In a more focused study of our sites in Colorado, we show that carbon sources reservoirs of undocumented biodiversity (4, 5). High-elevation soils are unique and may be challenging never been characterized (9). A majority of molecular surveys of fungal community com- position have

  20. ORIGINAL PAPER Effects of elevated CO2 and soil water content on phytohormone

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    DeLucia, Evan H.

    ORIGINAL PAPER Effects of elevated CO2 and soil water content on phytohormone transcript induction CO2. A mild reduction in soil water content had no effect on leaf sugars but stimulated the induction and reduced soil water content suppressed the expression of transcripts related to JA and ET gene tran