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Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "difference vegetation index" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


1

Using LiDAR and normalized difference vegetation index to remotely determine LAI and percent canopy cover at varying scales  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

: (1) Develop scanning LiDAR and multispectral imagery methods to estimate PCC and LAI over both hardwood and coniferous forests; (2) investigate whether a LiDAR and normalized difference vegetation index (NDVI) data fusion through linear regression...

Griffin, Alicia Marie Rutledge

2009-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

2

Assessing the Vegetation Condition Impacts of the 2011 Drought Across the U.S. Southern Great Plains Using the Vegetation Drought Response Index (VegDRI)  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The Vegetation Drought Response Index (VegDRI), which combines traditional climate- and satellite-based approaches for assessing vegetation conditions, offers new insights into assessing the impacts of drought from local to regional scales. In ...

Tsegaye Tadesse; Brian D. Wardlow; Jesslyn Brown; Michael Hayes; Mark Svoboda; Brian Fuchs; Denise Gutzmer

3

Keyword index to citations in "Bibliography on CO2 Effects on Vegetation and Eco  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Keyword index to citations in "Bibliography on CO2 Effects on Vegetation and Ecosystems: Keyword index to citations in "Bibliography on CO2 Effects on Vegetation and Ecosystems: 1990-1999 Literature" (Michael H. Jones and Peter S. Curtis, editors), ORNL/CDIAC-129, July 2000 (http://cdiac.esd.ornl.gov/epubs/cdiac/cdiac129/cdiac129.html) Numbers following each keyword refer to the numbers preceding the citations in the WordPerfect and ASCII text listings of the bibliography. 1,5-BISPHOSPHATE 1965 1,5-BISPHOSPHATE CARBOXYLASE 98, 878 1,5-BISPHOSPHATE CARBOXYLASE OXYGENASE 370 1,5-DIPHOSPHATE CARBOXYLASE 253 16S RDNA 1452 18TH-CENTURY ENGLAND 45 1989 FACE EXPERIMENT 1155 1-AMINOCYCLOPROPANE-1-CARBOXYLATE OXIDASE 667 1-AMINOCYCLOPROPANE-1-CARBOXYLIC ACID 524, 762-764, 1241, 1471, 1472, 1622, 1696, 2632 2,4-DICHLOROPHENOL 1368 24-H 317 280-320 NM 2475

4

SPECIAL FEATURE: ECOINFORMATICS The Global Index of Vegetation-Plot Databases (GIVD)  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

resource for vegetation science J ¨urgen Dengler, Florian Jansen, Falko Gl ¨ockler, Robert K. Peet, Miquel, Ohnhorststr. 18, 22609 Hamburg, Germany Jansen, F. (jansen@uni-greifswald.de) & Gl ¨ockler, F. (falko

Peet, Robert K.

5

Concept integration of document databases using different indexing languages  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

An integrated information retrieval system generally contains multiple databases that are inconsistent in terms of their content and indexing. This paper proposes a rough set-based transfer (RST) model for integration of the concepts of document databases using various indexing languages, so that users can search through the multiple databases using any of the current indexing languages. The RST model aims to effectively create meaningful transfer relations between the terms of two indexing languages, provided a number of documents are indexed with them in parallel. In our experiment, the indexing concepts of two databases respectively using the Thesaurus of Social Science (IZ) and the Schlagwortnormdatei (SWD) are integrated by means of the RST model. Finally, this paper compares the results achieved with a cross-concordance method, a conditional probability based method and the RST model.

Xueying Zhang

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

6

Concept integration of document databases using different indexing languages  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

An integrated information retrieval system generally contains multiple databases that are inconsistent in terms of their content and indexing. This paper proposes a rough set-based transfer (RST) model for integration of the concepts of document databases ... Keywords: Compatibility, Concept integration, Document database, Indexing language, Rough set theory

Xueying Zhang

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

7

INDEX:  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......entity-relationship model exploratory learning index 343 200 3 83 147 68 147 364 364...364 multi-user undo 317 395 Index N natural language processing...spreadsheet use 267 suggestions for word completion 68 Title index Animated demonstrations for exploratory......

Index to volume 4

1992-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

8

INDEX:  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......spreadsheet use 267 suggestions for word completion 68 system design 102, 124, 246, 267...With Computers 00 (1997) 000 000 Title Index Volume 1 numbers 1 3 A formal structure...With Computers 00 (1997) 000 000 Author index Volume 1 numbers 1 3 Apperley, M D Lean......

Index

1998-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

9

Cary Institute of Ecosystem Studies 1 EFFECTS OF DIFFERENT VEGETATION COVER TYPES ON SEDIMENT  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Cary Institute of Ecosystem Studies 1 EFFECTS OF DIFFERENT VEGETATION COVER TYPES ON SEDIMENT by trapping sediment during tidal exchange. They are considered good sediment retention environments, but little is known about the spatial variability of sedimentation within these wetlands, and the role

Lovett, Gary M.

10

Vegetation Collections Project Page  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Vegetation Collections Vegetation Collections Vegetation Collections Overview Vegetation regulates the flow of numerous biogeochemical cycles, most critically those of water, carbon, and nitrogen; it is also of great importance in local and global energy balances. Vegetation collections data include: Biomass Biome Characteristics Litter Chemistry and Decomposition Geoecology Nutrient Concentration, Profiles, and Turnover Global Fire Emissions, Vegetation, and Leaf Area Index (LAI) Ecosystem Structure and Function Phenoregions Carbon Flux Vegetation Resources The following resources related to Vegetation Collections are maintained by the ORNL DAAC: Global Leaf Area Index Data Net Primary Production Project Get Vegetation Data Find and order data sets: See list of data sets and download data

11

CROP SCIENCE, VOL. 51, SEPTEMBEROCTOBER 2011 2219 The normalized difference vegetation index (NDVI) is  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

, 1977). Reflectance in the NIR, however, is affected primarily by light scattering within leaf cells. Although related (e.g., absorption of red light affects cell production, which in turn affects reflectance. of Horticulture, Forestry & Recreation Resources, 2021 Throckmorton Hall, Kansas State Univ., Manhattan, KS 66506

12

Complex Role of Monoacylglycerols in the Oxidation of Vegetable Oils: Different Behaviors of Soybean Monoacylglycerols in Different Oils  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Purified vegetable oils were added at increasing amounts (0.5, 1, 2, and 3%) of monoacylglycerols obtained from purified soybean oil and submitted to an oven test (60 C for 18 days). ...

Vito Michele Paradiso; Francesco Caponio; Giuseppina Bruno; Antonella Pasqualone; Carmine Summo; Tommaso Gomes

2014-10-13T23:59:59.000Z

13

Random walk of magnetic field lines for different values of the energy-range spectral index  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

An analytical nonlinear description of field-line wandering in partially statistically magnetic systems was proposed recently [A. Shalchi, I. Kourakis, Astronomy and Astrophysics, 470, 405 (2007)]. In this article we investigate the influence of the wave-spectrum in the energy-range onto field line random walk by applying this formulation. It is demonstrated that in all considered cases we clearly obtain a superdiffusive behaviour of the field-lines. If the energy-range spectral index exceeds unity a free-streaming behaviour of the field-lines can be found for all relevant length-scales of turbulence. Since the superdiffusive results obtained for the slab model are exact, it seems that superdiffusion is the normal behavior of field line wandering.

A. Shalchi; I. Kourakis

2007-09-17T23:59:59.000Z

14

Vegetation-climate feedbacks in a greenhouse world  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...increases in vegetation leaf area index (LAI) and vegetation height...through changes in leaf area index (LAI), the net conductance...structure will have continued to completion. The map of this response...and a response of leaf area index (LAI) (from Betts et al...

1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

15

Spatial and temporal patterns of greenness on the Yamal Peninsula, Russia: interactions of ecological and social factors affecting the Arctic normalized difference vegetation index  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Spatial and temporal patterns of greenness on the Yamal Peninsula, Russia: interactions.1088/1748-9326/4/4/045004 Spatial and temporal patterns of greenness on the Yamal Peninsula, Russia: interactions of ecological, USA 2 Earth Cryosphere Institute, Russian Academy of Science, Siberian Branch, Tyumen, Russia 3

Bhatt, Uma

16

Vegetation | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Vegetation Jump to: navigation, search Retrieved from "http:en.openei.orgwindex.php?titleVegetation&oldid612270" Category: NEPA Resources...

17

Ground Water Ground Sky Sky Water Vegetation Ground Vegetation Water  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Bear Snow Vegetation RhinoWater Vegetation Ground Water Ground Sky Sky Rhino Water Vegetation Ground Vegetation Water Rhino Water Vegetation Ground Rhino Water Rhino Water Ground Ground Vegetation Water Rhino Vegetation Rhino Vegetation Ground Rhino Vegetation Ground Sky Rhino Vegetation Ground Sky

Chen, Tsuhan

18

Subject Index  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The Subject Index provides an alphabetical subject key to the papers abstracted in Astronomy and Astrophysics Abstracts. In order to explain the structure of this Index some general remarks on the construction pr...

G. Burkhardt; U. Esser; H. Hefele; Inge Heinrich

1994-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

19

MODIS Consistent Vegetation Parameter Specifications and Their Impacts on Regional Climate Simulations  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A consistent set of Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer (MODIS) vegetation parameters, including leaf and stem area index (LAI and SAI, respectively), land-cover category (LCC), fractional vegetation cover (FVC), and albedo ...

Min Xu; Xin-Zhong Liang; Arthur Samel; Wei Gao

2014-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

20

Parallel Index  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Parallel Parallel Index and Query for Large Scale Data Analysis Jerry Chou Kesheng Wu Oliver Rübel Mark Howison Ji Qiang Prabhat Brian Austin E. Wes Bethel Rob D. Ryne Arie Shoshani ABSTRACT Modern scientific datasets present numerous data manage- ment and analysis challenges. State-of-the-art index and query technologies are critical for facilitating interactive ex- ploration of large datasets, but numerous challenges remain in terms of designing a system for processing general scien- tific datasets. The system needs to be able to run on dis- tributed multi-core platforms, efficiently utilize underlying I/O infrastructure, and scale to massive datasets. We present FastQuery, a novel software framework that address these challenges. FastQuery utilizes a state-of-the- art index and query technology (FastBit) and is designed to process massive datasets on modern supercomputing

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "difference vegetation index" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


21

Some effects of soil differences and past grazing use on the amount and composition of vegetation on the Texas Range Station  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

classes and seasons of use makes the problem of accounting for pasture differences quite difficult . To apnroach tcis oro. lcm n'. ne different statistics were Ca!ren from tie stock- ing records for thc twelve veer "eriod (1938 throur+ 1949) for each... classes and seasons of use makes the problem of accounting for pasture differences quite difficult . To apnroach tcis oro. lcm n'. ne different statistics were Ca!ren from tie stock- ing records for thc twelve veer "eriod (1938 throur+ 1949) for each...

Thomas, Gerald W

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

22

ALPHABETICAL INDEX  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

1 Page of 4 ALPHABETICAL INDEX Key Word Chapter Number 8(a) Direct Awards 12 Advance Understandings 7, 3 Affirmative Action 12 Allocable Costs 7 Allowable Costs 7 Anti Kickback Act 8 Aviation Management 11 Balanced Scorecard 5, 10 Bankruptcy 7 Bonds and Insurance 7, 3 Business Management Oversight Process 5 Buy American Act 8 Changes 8 Claims 8 Collective Bargaining 3 Commercial Bill of Lading 11 Conditional Payment of Fee, Profit Or Incentives 2, 5 Consultants 10 Contract Administration Plan 5 Key Word Chapter Number Contract Work Hours and Safety Standards Act 3 Contracting Officer Representative 5 Contractor Human Resources 3 Contractor Performance 5 Contractor Purchasing System 10

23

3, 10211043, 2006 Effects of vegetation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

patterns on yields of the surface and subsurface waters in the Heishui Alpine Valley in west China Y. Liu 1 between different vegetation types and water yields were investi- gated in the Heishui Valley of the upper

Boyer, Edmond

24

ARM - Heat Index Calculations  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

FAQ Just for Fun Meet our Friends Cool Sites Teachers Teachers' Toolbox Lesson Plans Heat Index Calculations Heat Index is an index that combines air temperature and relative...

25

Spring Thaw and Its Effect on Terrestrial Vegetation Productivity in the Western Arctic Observed from Satellite Microwave and Optical Remote Sensing  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Global satellite remote sensing records show evidence of recent vegetation greening and an advancing growing season at high latitudes. Satellite remote sensingderived measures of photosynthetic leaf area index (LAI) and vegetation gross and net ...

J. S. Kimball; K. C. McDonald; M. Zhao

2006-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

26

Site Index - Hanford Site  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Site Index Site Index Calendar Hanford Blog Archive Search Site Feeds Site Index Weather What's New Site Index Email Email Page | Print Print Page |Text Increase Font Size Decrease...

27

Vegetable Gardening in Containers  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This 7 page publications explains how to grow vegetables in containers when insufficient space or unsutable soil conditions make a traditional garden difficult to achieve. Topics include: container materials, crop selection, growing media, seeding...

Masabni, Joseph; Cotner, Sam

2009-02-25T23:59:59.000Z

28

Contribution of Dynamic Vegetation Phenology to Decadal Climate Predictability  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In this study, the impact of coupling and initializing the leaf area index from the dynamic vegetation model LundPotsdamJena General Ecosystem Simulator (LPJ-GUESS) is analyzed on skill of decadal predictions in the fully coupled atmosphereland...

Martina Weiss; Paul A. Miller; Bart J. J. M. van den Hurk; Twan van Noije; Simona ?tef?nescu; Reindert Haarsma; Lambertus H. van Ulft; Wilco Hazeleger; Philippe Le Sager; Benjamin Smith; Guy Schurgers

2014-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

29

Vegetables: Selection, Care, Cooking.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

if cooking whole. Place in boiling, salted water (1 teaspoon sa!t 1 to each quart of water). Bring water and vege- tables to a boil quickly; reduce temperature to simmer and cook until tender but firm. Bacon or ham drippings and salt pork or ham chunks..., cauliflower, spin- ach and other greens may be cooked this way. Slice, dice or shred the vegetable. Melt a small amount of cooking fat (1 to 2 table- spoons) in a heavy frypan or saucepan; add the vegetables, salt lightly and toss until the vege- table...

Reasonover, Frances; Mason, Louise; Tribble, Marie; Cox, Maeona

1958-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

30

boolean queries Inverted index  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

boolean queries Inverted index query processing Query optimization boolean model September 9, 2014 1 / 39 #12;boolean queries Inverted index query processing Query optimization Outline 1 boolean queries 2 Inverted index 3 query processing 4 Query optimization 2 / 39 #12;boolean queries Inverted index

Lu, Jianguo

31

INDEX TO VOLUME 43:  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......Volume 43 Index To Volume 43 INDEX TO VOLUME 43 Anderson, J...Farsi, C., K-theoretical index theorems for orbifolds...303 313 201 45 441 223 227 INDEX TO VOLUME 43 Holroyd, F...Lowen, R. and Robeys, K., Completions of produets of metrie spaees......

Index To Volume 43

1992-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

32

Vegetation study in support of the design and optimization of vegetative soil covers, Sandia National Laboratories, Albuquerque, New Mexico.  

SciTech Connect

A vegetation study was conducted in Technical Area 3 at Sandia National Laboratories, Albuquerque, New Mexico in 2003 to assist in the design and optimization of vegetative soil covers for hazardous, radioactive, and mixed waste landfills at Sandia National Laboratories/New Mexico and Kirtland Air Force Base. The objective of the study was to obtain site-specific, vegetative input parameters for the one-dimensional code UNSAT-H and to identify suitable, diverse native plant species for use on vegetative soil covers that will persist indefinitely as a climax ecological community with little or no maintenance. The identification and selection of appropriate native plant species is critical to the proper design and long-term performance of vegetative soil covers. Major emphasis was placed on the acquisition of representative, site-specific vegetation data. Vegetative input parameters measured in the field during this study include root depth, root length density, and percent bare area. Site-specific leaf area index was not obtained in the area because there was no suitable platform to measure leaf area during the 2003 growing season due to severe drought that has persisted in New Mexico since 1999. Regional LAI data was obtained from two unique desert biomes in New Mexico, Sevilletta Wildlife Refuge and Jornada Research Station.

Peace, Gerald (Jerry) L.; Goering, Timothy James (GRAM inc., Albuquerque, NM); Knight, Paul J. (Marron and Associates, Albuquerque, NM); Ashton, Thomas S. (Marron and Associates, Albuquerque, NM)

2004-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

33

Vegetable Gardening in Containers.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

are indicated in Table 1. * Growing Media Synthetic "soils" are best suited for vegetable container gardening. These mixes may be composed of sawdust, wood chips, peat moss, perlite, ver miculite or almost any other type of media. Regardless of what... "soils" are available from gar den centers, or one can be pre pared by mixing horticultu ral grade vermiculite, peat moss, limestone, superphosphate, and garden fertilizer. To 1 bushel each of vermiculite and peat moss, add 10 tablespoons...

Cotner, Sam

1981-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

34

Sequentially Indexed Grammars  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......scanning, prediction and completion. Scanning: Scanning does not change the index stacks, so we get: Prediction...non-terminal with as its index the non-terminal at the top of the index stack). Completion: For the case of Earley-style......

Jan van Eijck

2008-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

35

A NOTE ON THE RELATIVE INDEX THEOREM  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......defined the relative analytic index to be the difference of the ordinary Fredholm indices, Ind Do -- Ind Dx. 370...where the top row is the completion of the exact sequence 1...a-b. The relative analytic index is r(Ind F), where F......

JOHN ROE

1991-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

36

AUDIO INDEXING Gal RICHARD  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

AUDIO AUDIO INDEXING Gaël RICHARD Ecole Nationale Supérieure des Télécommunications (ENST) Speech and Image Processing Department 37-39, rue Dareau, 75014 Paris, France #12;Audio Indexing Gaël RICHARD Ecole audio data available nowadays and the spread of its use as a data source in many applications

Richard, Gaël

37

Investigation of the effect of a circular patch of vegetation on turbulence generation and sediment deposition using four case studies  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This study describes the spatial distribution of sediment deposition in the wake of a circular patch of model vegetation and the effect of the patch on turbulence and mean flow. Two difference types pf vegetation were used ...

Ortiz, Alejandra C

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

38

Vegetation Dynamics and Livestock Production on Rangelands in the Southern Great Plains.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??We examined vegetation dynamics and livestock production in response to land management practices on rangelands in two different studies, one in north central and one (more)

Cummings, Daniel Chad

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

39

Vegetation and sediment characteristics of created and natural Spartina alterniflora marshes in Lower Galveston Bay, Texas.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Five natural and ten created Spartina altemiflora marshes in the Lower Galveston Bay System, Texas, were compared to determine if there were significantly different vegetative (more)

Albertson, Andrea Kai

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

40

Volume 6 Indexes  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This index lists all 3367 normalized pharmacological activity terms appeared in the encyclopedia in alphabetical order and a number code sequence of the related compounds follows the bold term immediately.

Jiaju Zhou; Guirong Xie; Xinjian Yan

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "difference vegetation index" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


41

Texas Home Vegetable Gardening Guide  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

With this manual, home gardeners are sure to be successful growing vegetables. It includes information on garden planning, crop selection, soil preparation, fertilization, planting techniques, watering, pest control and harvesting. Tables show...

Masabni, Joseph

2009-02-24T23:59:59.000Z

42

Selecting Fresh Fruits and Vegetables  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

time. Selecting Fresh Fruits and Vegetables Amanda Scott* E-197 9/08 This publication was sponsored by a grant from the Initiative for Future Agriculture Food Systems, a program of the Cooperative State Research, Education, and Extension Service, which...

Scott, Amanda

2008-09-05T23:59:59.000Z

43

Another Ten-Year Index to Chemical Abstracts  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

After the completion of Volume 20 an index covering the last ten volumes should be published. ... There is a big difference between the time required to examine ten annual indexes and that required to use one big collective index covering the same period. ...

E. J. CRANE

1925-03-20T23:59:59.000Z

44

ARM - Site Index  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

govSite Index govSite Index Expand | Collapse Site Index Videos Image Library About ARM About ARM (home) ARM and the Recovery Act ARM and the Recovery Act (home) ARM Recovery Act Project FAQs Recovery Act Instruments ARM Climate Research Facility Contributions to International Polar Year (IPY) ARM Climate Research Facility Contributions to International Polar Year (IPY) (home) ARM Education and Outreach Efforts Support IPY Research Support for International Polar Year (IPY) ARM Organization ARM Organization (home) Laboratory Partners ARM Safety Policy ARM Science Board ARM Science Board (home) Board Business Become a User Comments and Questions Contacts Contacts (home) ARM Engineering and Operations Contacts Facility Statistics Facility Statistics (home) Historical Field Campaign Statistics

45

Program Highlights Index  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Program Highlights Index Program Highlights Index Disposal of Greater-than-Class C Low-Level Radioactive Waste Ecological Risk Assessment of Chemically and Radiologically Contaminated Federal Sites Energy Zone Planning Tool for the Eastern United States Environmental Site Characterization and Remediation at Former Grain Storage Sites Evaluation of Risks of Aquatic Nuisance Species Transfer via the Chicago Area Waterway System Formerly Utilized Sites Remedial Action Program (FUSRAP) Glen Canyon Dam Long-Term Experimental and Management Plan EIS Highly Enriched Uranium Transparency Program Management of Naturally Occurring Radioactive Material (NORM) Generated by the Petroleum Industry Mobile Climate Observatory for Atmospheric Aerosols in India Mobile Climate Observatory on the Pacific

46

Energy saving performance of green vegetation on LEED certified buildings  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Sustainable building practices can considerably reduce building's environmental impact in energy consumption. Covering a building envelope with green vegetation, such as green roof and green wall, is considered a sustainable construction practice, as green vegetation has a positive performance in energy savings. It reduces heat flux and solar reflectivity, generates evaporative cooling, increases thermal performance of the building envelope, and blocks the wind effect on the building. This paper analyses the energy performance of green vegetation in a high occupancy LEED Gold standard building in Canada. DesignBuilder software was used to model the energy consumption for heating and cooling, and EnergyPlus software was used to perform the detailed energy simulations. The developed simulation model was validated with the actual energy consumptions of the selected building. Three different scenarios of green vegetation were simulated and the results show that green vegetation could considerably reduce the negative heat transfer through the building faade in summer and winter months. However, the analysis demonstrated that the green vegetation is not cost-effective in winter months or cold climatic regions due to the low energy savings performance. The paper concludes with recommendations to improve the overall energy performance in green buildings.

H. Feng; K. Hewage

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

47

September 2008 TIMBER & FORESTRY INDEX  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

are the S&P Emerging Markets Infrastructure Index, the S&P Global Alternative Energy Index, the S&P Global&P Global Alternative Energy Index. Designed to measure investable opportunities in the complete alternative energy space, the S&P Global Alternative Energy Index is the combination of the S&P Global Clean Energy

48

Fiber optic refractive index monitor  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A sensor for measuring the change in refractive index of a liquid uses the lowest critical angle of a normal fiber optic to achieve sensitivity when the index of the liquid is significantly less than the index of the fiber core. Another embodiment uses a liquid filled core to ensure that its index is approximately the same as the liquid being measured.

Weiss, Jonathan David (Albuquerque, NM)

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

49

STUDENT HANDBOOK HANDBOOK INDEX  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

CEPE TAXCO STUDENT HANDBOOK HANDBOOK INDEX: Introduction I Personal Expectations A) Climate they encounter during their studies and travels. This is quite possible, but it does require an effort on the part of the foreigner. Most Mexicans are friendly and interact well with foreigners, but this does

Islas, León

50

Sky Vegetables | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Vegetables Vegetables Jump to: navigation, search Name Sky Vegetables Address 45 Rosemary Street, Suite F Place Needham, MA Zip 02494 Sector Solar Website http://www.skyvegetables.com/i Coordinates 42.2882945°, -71.2335259° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":42.2882945,"lon":-71.2335259,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

51

Energy security: Definitions, dimensions and indexes  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Energy security has been an actively studied area in recent years. Various facets have been covered in the literature. Based on a survey of 104 studies from 2001 to June 2014, this paper reports the findings on the following: energy security definitions, changes in the themes of these definitions, energy security indexes, specific focused areas and methodological issues in the construction of these indexes, and energy security in the wider context of national energy policy. It is found that the definition of energy security is contextual and dynamic in nature. The scope of energy security has also expanded, with a growing emphasis on dimensions such as environmental sustainability and energy efficiency. Significant differences among studies are observed in the way in which energy security indexes are framed and constructed. These variations introduce challenges in comparing the findings among studies. Based on these findings, recommendations on studying energy security and the construction of energy security indexes are presented.

B.W. Ang; W.L. Choong; T.S. Ng

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

52

Vegetation's Red Edge: A Possible Spectroscopic Biosignature of Extraterrestrial Plants  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Earth's deciduous plants have a sharp order-of-magnitude increase in leaf reflectance between approximately 700 and 750 nm wavelength. This strong reflectance of Earth's vegetation suggests that surface biosignatures with sharp spectral features might be detectable in the spectrum of scattered light from a spatially unresolved extrasolar terrestrial planet. We assess the potential of Earth's step-function-like spectroscopic feature, referred to as the "red edge", as a tool for astrobiology. We review the basic characteristics and physical origin of the red edge and summarize its use in astronomy: early spectroscopic efforts to search for vegetation on Mars and recent reports of detection of the red edge in the spectrum of Earthshine (i.e., the spatially integrated scattered light spectrum of Earth). We present Earthshine observations from Apache Point Observatory to emphasize that time variability is key to detecting weak surface biosignatures such as the vegetation red edge. We briefly discuss the evolutionary advantages of vegetation's red edge reflectance, and speculate that while extraterrestrial "light harvesting organisms" have no compelling reason to display the exact same red edge feature as terrestrial vegetation, they might have similar spectroscopic features at different wavelengths than terrestrial vegetation. This implies that future terrestrial-planet-characterizing space missions should obtain data that allow time-varying, sharp spectral features at unknown wavelengths to be identified. We caution that some mineral reflectance edges are similar in slope and strength to vegetation's red edge (albeit at different wavelengths); if an extrasolar planet reflectance edge is detected care must be taken with its interpretation.

Sara Seager; Edwin L. Turner; Justin Schafer; Eric B. Ford

2005-03-14T23:59:59.000Z

53

Specialty Vegetables in Texas.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

-round and oblong. Fruit range from 8 to 12 pounds. CuUure. This warm weather, vining crop is grown as watermelon. Mushrooms (Enoki, Pleurotus, Shiitake) , Description. The popularity of different species and varieties of mushrooms has increased in the past... the fresh market. Other mush room varieties whose popularity is increasing include enoki, pleurotus and shiitake. Enoki mushrooms are creamy white with long slender stems that are topped with small round caps. They are mild flavored mushrooms with a...

Longbrake, Thomas D.; Baker, Marvin L.; Cotner, Sam; Parsons, Jerry; Roberts, Roland; Stein, Larry

1988-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

54

Fruit and Vegetable Consumption by Low-Income Americans  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

ML, Schillo BA. 5 A Day fruit and vegetable interventionof perceived barriers to fruit and vegetable consumptionKA, Potter JD. Vegetables, fruit, and cancer prevention: a

Sisson, Aimee

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

55

Environmental Effects of Woody Vegetation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

State University of Science and Technology, Ames, Iowa. In Iowa, trees and shrubs are a vital asset1 Environmental Effects of Woody Vegetation F-319/August 2005 FORESTRY EXTENSION NOTES IOWA STATE in improv- ing human comfort by shielding people from direct solar radiation. What happens to the solar

Koford, Rolf R.

56

PNNL: Site index  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Site Index Site Index # A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z # # 3-D Body Holographic Scanner # A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z A Alerts - PNNL Staff Information Applied Geology and Geochemistry Applied Process Engineering Laboratory Asymmetric Resilient Cybersecurity (External website) Atmospheric Radiation Measurement (ARM) Program Atmospheric Sciences & Global Change Division Available Technologies Awards Awards - Science and Engineering External Recognition (SEER) Program # A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z B Battelle Corporate Contributions Battelle Memorial Institute Battelle Offices (addresses) Benefits (Insurance Forms, Savings Plan) Bio-Based Product Research at PNNL Biological & Environmental Research-Proteomics

57

Solar Reflectance Index Calculator  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Reflectance Index Calculator Reflectance Index Calculator ASTM Designation: E 1980-01 Enter A State: Select a state Alabama Alaska Arkansas Arizona California Colorado Connecticut Delaware Florida Georgia Hawaii Iowa Idaho Illinois Indiana Kansas Kentucky Louisiana Maine Maryland Massachusetts Michigan Minnesota Mississippi Missouri Montana North Carolina North Dakota Nebraska Nevada New Hampshire New Jersey New Mexico New York Ohio Oklahoma Oregon Pennsylvania Pacific Islands Puerto Rico Rhode Island South Carolina South Dakota Tennessee Texas Utah Vermont Virginia Washington Wisconsin West Virginia Wyoming Canadian Cities Enter A City: Select a city Wind Speed (mph) Wind Speed (m/s) Please input both the SR and the TE and the convection coeficient and surface temperature will be calculated

58

BNL Newsroom | Tags Index  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Tag IndexMedia & Communications Office Tag IndexMedia & Communications Office Newsroom Photos Image Library Historic Images Photo Permissions Videos Fact Sheets Lab History News Categories Contacts Currently Showing News Release Tags Show Tags for News Releases Features Videos What is this? The tag cloud shows the relative proportion of tags assigned to each news release. Click on any tag to see news releases associated with that tag. AAAS (8) accelerators (7) addiction (43) AGS (1) ARRA (12) ATLAS (22) award (100) battelle (8) BERA (1) biochemistry (14) biology (63) biosciences (13) blueprint (2) BNL lecture (1) BOSS (3) bridge contest (5) BSA (26) BSA distinguished lecture (13) BWIS (23) BWIS lecture (21) cancer research (13) catalysis (22) celebrations (4) CES (1) CFN (89) chemistry (61) commercial (43) community (21)

59

BNL Website Index  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Site Index Site Index A B C D E F G H I J L M N O P Q R S T U V W A About Brookhaven Accelerator-based Science Accelerator Test Facility Addiction Research Adopt-a-Platoon AGS Booster Alternating Gradient Synchrotron Association of Students and Post-docs (ASAP) ATLAS Awards B Badging Office Basic Energy Sciences Directorate Bike/Bicycles Biofuel Research Biosciences Department BRAHMS Brookhaven Advocacy Council Brookhaven Council Brookhaven Employees Recreation Association (BERA) Brookhaven Graphite Research Reactor (environmental cleanup) Brookhaven Graphite Research Reactor (history) Brookhaven Lectures Brookhaven Medical Research Reactor Brookhaven Retired Employees' Association (BREA) Brookhaven Science Associates Brookhaven This Week (Weekly News Summary) Brookhaven Women in Science

60

INDEX | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

INDEX INDEX Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary Name: INDEX Agency/Company /Organization: Criterion Planners Phase: Determine Baseline, "Evaluate Options and Determine Feasibility" is not in the list of possible values (Bring the Right People Together, Create a Vision, Determine Baseline, Evaluate Options, Develop Goals, Prepare a Plan, Get Feedback, Develop Finance and Implement Projects, Create Early Successes, Evaluate Effectiveness and Revise as Needed) for this property., "Perpare a Plan" is not in the list of possible values (Bring the Right People Together, Create a Vision, Determine Baseline, Evaluate Options, Develop Goals, Prepare a Plan, Get Feedback, Develop Finance and Implement Projects, Create Early Successes, Evaluate Effectiveness and Revise as Needed) for this property., "Implement the Plan" is not in the list of possible values (Bring the Right People Together, Create a Vision, Determine Baseline, Evaluate Options, Develop Goals, Prepare a Plan, Get Feedback, Develop Finance and Implement Projects, Create Early Successes, Evaluate Effectiveness and Revise as Needed) for this property., "Evaluate Effectiveness and Revise" is not in the list of possible values (Bring the Right People Together, Create a Vision, Determine Baseline, Evaluate Options, Develop Goals, Prepare a Plan, Get Feedback, Develop Finance and Implement Projects, Create Early Successes, Evaluate Effectiveness and Revise as Needed) for this property.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "difference vegetation index" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


61

Photosynthesis, Transpiration, and Water Use Efficiency of Vegetative and Reproductive Shoots of Grassland Species from North-Eastern China  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The differences in net photosynthetic rate (P N), transpiration rate (E), and water use efficiency (WUE) between the vegetative and reproductive...Leymus chinensis (Trin.) Tzvel., Puccinellia tenu...

R.Z. Wang

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

62

Straight Vegetable Oil as a Diesel Fuel?  

SciTech Connect

Two-page fact sheet discussing the pitfalls of using straight vegetable oil (SVO) as a transportation fuel.

Not Available

2006-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

63

Ecological conditions during winter affect sexual selection and breeding in a migratory bird  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...normalized difference vegetation index; phenotypic plasticity 1...normalized difference vegetation index (NDVI) measures photosynthetic...the number of eggs at clutch completion. We considered individuals...Normalized difference vegetation index NDVI is recorded by US National...

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

64

Auto Indexer for Percussive Hammers  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Auto Indexer for Percussive Hammers presentation at the April 2013 peer review meeting held in Denver, Colorado.

65

Argonne Transportation Site Index  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Student Competitions Technology Analysis Transportation Research and Analysis Computing Center Working With Argonne Contact TTRDC Site Index General Information About TTRDC Media Center Current News News Archive Photo Archive Transportation Links Awards Contact Us Interesting Links Working with Argonne Research Resources Experts Batteries Engines & Fuels Fuel Cells Management Materials Systems Assessment Technology Analysis Tribology Vehicle Recycling Vehicle Systems Facilities Advanced Powertrain Research Facility Powertrain Test Cell 4-Wheel Drive Chassis Dynamometer Battery Test Facility Engine Research Facility Fuel Cell Test Facility Tribology Laboratory Tribology Laboratory Photo Tour Vehicle Recycling Partnership Plant Publications Searchable Database: patents, technical papers, presentations

66

MAPSS Vegetation Modeling | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

MAPSS Vegetation Modeling MAPSS Vegetation Modeling Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary Name: MAPSS Vegetation Modeling Agency/Company /Organization: United States Forest Service Sector: Land Focus Area: Agriculture, Biomass, Forestry Topics: Co-benefits assessment, - Environmental and Biodiversity, Resource assessment Resource Type: Maps, Software/modeling tools User Interface: Desktop Application Website: www.fs.fed.us/pnw/mdr/mapss/ MAPSS Vegetation Modeling Screenshot References: MAPSS[1] Applications "A landscape- to global-scale vegetation distribution model that was developed to simulate the potential biosphere impacts and biosphere-atmosphere feedbacks from climatic change. Model output from MAPSS has been used extensively in the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate

67

Assessment of the broadleaf crops leaf area index product from the Terra MODIS instrument  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

the cultivated area (52%). The major con- centrations of this biome class are in Asia (39%), North America (22Assessment of the broadleaf crops leaf area index product from the Terra MODIS instrument Bin Tan a) and fraction vegetation absorbed photosynthetically active radiation (FPAR) products for broadleaf crops

Myneni, Ranga B.

68

Index Sets and Vectorization  

SciTech Connect

Vectorization is data parallelism (SIMD, SIMT, etc.) - extension of ISA enabling the same instruction to be performed on multiple data items simultaeously. Many/most CPUs support vectorization in some form. Vectorization is difficult to enable, but can yield large efficiency gains. Extra programmer effort is required because: (1) not all algorithms can be vectorized (regular algorithm structure and fine-grain parallelism must be used); (2) most CPUs have data alignment restrictions for load/store operations (obey or risk incorrect code); (3) special directives are often needed to enable vectorization; and (4) vector instructions are architecture-specific. Vectorization is the best way to optimize for power and performance due to reduced clock cycles. When data is organized properly, a vector load instruction (i.e. movaps) can replace 'normal' load instructions (i.e. movsd). Vector operations can potentially have a smaller footprint in the instruction cache when fewer instructions need to be executed. Hybrid index sets insulate users from architecture specific details. We have applied hybrid index sets to achieve optimal vectorization. We can extend this concept to handle other programming models.

Keasler, J A

2012-03-27T23:59:59.000Z

69

Vegetation of Upper Coastal Plain depression wetlands: Environmental templates and wetland dynamics within a landscape framework.  

SciTech Connect

Reference wetlands play an important role in efforts to protect wetlands and assess wetland condition. Because wetland vegetation integrates the influence of many ecological factors, a useful reference system would identify natural vegetation types and include models relating vegetation to important regional geomorphic, hydrologic, and geochemical properties. Across the U.S. Atlantic Coastal Plain, depression wetlands are a major hydrogeomorphic class with diverse characteristics. For 57 functional depression wetlands in the Upper Coastal Plain of South Carolina, we characterized the principal vegetation types and used a landscape framework to assess how local (wetland-level) factors and regional landscape settings potentially influence vegetation composition and dynamics. Wetland sites were stratified across three Upper Coastal Plain landscape settings that differ in soils, surface geology, topography, and land use. We sampled plant composition, measured relevant local variables, and analyzed historical transitions in vegetative cover types. Cluster analysis identified six vegetation types, ranging from open-water ponds and emergent marshes to closed forests. Significant vegetation-environment relationships suggested environmental ''templates'' for plant community development. Of all local factors examined, wetland hydrologic regime was most strongly correlated with vegetation type, but depression size, soil textural type, and disturbance history were also significant. Because hydrogeologic settings influence wetland features, local factors important to vegetation were partly predictable from landscape setting, and thus wetland types were distributed non-randomly across landscape settings. Analysis of long-term vegetation change indicated relative stability in some wetlands and succession in others. We developed a landscape-contingent model for vegetation dynamics, with hydroperiod and fire as major driving variables. The wetland classification, environmental templates, and dynamics model provide a reference framework to guide conservation priorities and suggest possible outcomes of restoration or management.

De Steven, Diane; Toner, Maureen, M.

2004-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

70

ORNL DAAC GLOBAL LEAF AREA INDEX DATA FROM FIELD MEASUREMENTS, 1932-2000  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Home > Data > Regional/Global > Vegetation Collections > Guide Home > Data > Regional/Global > Vegetation Collections > Guide Document GLOBAL LEAF AREA INDEX DATA FROM FIELD MEASUREMENTS, 1932-2000 Get Data Summary: Approximately 1000 published estimates of leaf area index (LAI) from nearly 400 unique field sites, covering the period 1932-2000, have been compiled into a single data set. LAI is a key parameter for global and regional models of biosphere/atmosphere exchange of carbon dioxide, water vapor, etc. This data set provides a benchmark of typical values and ranges of LAI for a variety of biomes and land cover types, in support of model development and validation of satellite-derived remote sensing estimates of LAI and other vegetation parameters. The LAI data are linked to a bibliography of over 300 original-source references.

71

Index of /2006_SNAPCollab  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

SNAPCollab SNAPCollab Icon Name Last modified Size Description [DIR] Parent Directory - [ ] Agenda.pdf 07-Sep-2007 17:56 9.7K [ ] Lab-UCB-map.pdf 07-Sep-2007 17:56 479K [TXT] RegistrationList.htm 07-Sep-2007 17:56 26K [ ] RegistrationList.pdf 07-Sep-2007 17:56 48K [ ] collab_meeting-8-1_c..> 07-Sep-2007 17:56 121K [IMG] collab_meeting-8.png 07-Sep-2007 17:56 180K [IMG] collab_meeting-9.png 07-Sep-2007 17:56 33K [DIR] hotel_files/ 07-Sep-2007 17:56 - [TXT] hotels.htm 07-Sep-2007 17:56 8.6K [ ] hotels.pdf 07-Sep-2007 17:56 1.2M [TXT] index.htm 07-Sep-2007 17:56 18K

72

Traffic air quality index  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Vehicle emissions are responsible for a considerable share of urban air pollution concentrations. The traffic air quality index (TAQI) is proposed as a useful tool for evaluating air quality near roadways. The TAQI associates air quality with the equivalent emission from traffic sources and with street structure (roadway structure) as anthropogenic factors. The paper presents a method of determining the TAQI and defines the degrees of harmfulness of emitted pollution. It proposes a classification specifying a potential threat to human health based on the TAQI value and shows an example of calculating the TAQI value for real urban streets. It also considers the role that car traffic plays in creating a local UHI.

Zbigniew Bagie?ski

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

73

prairie restoration index  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Purpose Purpose This is the first section of a "How to" guide designed for those individuals interested in restoring an area of land back to native prairie. To better facilitate your search for specific information, select one or all of the main topics associated with prairie parcel restoration listed below. Index History/Introduction of Prairie Restoration Selecting a Site Starting/Planning Seedbed Preparation. Seed (Amount, Acquiring and Preparation) Planting Watering General Identification (Grasses, Forbs, Flowers, Keeping Track) Burning - Enriching Reference Materials, Burning Permit and Seed Sources Information Identification Keys - Grasses and Forbs Illustrated Guide to Native Prairie Species Watch List for Native Prairie Plants This report was written by Lawrence Cwik as part of his participation in

74

Vegetation  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Rails 'R Utility ROW Roads oTES Plants (2) 2 Other Set-Asides D Three Rivers Landfill D Hydric Soils 380 Soils Soil Series and Phase DBaB DBaC .Pk TrB TuE TuF VaC o...

75

Savanna Vegetation-Fire-Climate Relationships Differ Among Continents  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...Woody overstorey effects on soil carbon and nitrogen...Muoghalu J. I. , The effects of tree canopy cover on...Elfving B. , Wood-fuel yields in short-rotation coppice...Orgle T. K. , The effects of fire exclusion on...S. Franklin D. C. Price O. F. Brook B. W. , Land...

Caroline E. R. Lehmann; T. Michael Anderson; Mahesh Sankaran; Steven I. Higgins; Sally Archibald; William A. Hoffmann; Niall P. Hanan; Richard J. Williams; Roderick J. Fensham; Jeanine Felfili; Lindsay B. Hutley; Jayashree Ratnam; Jose San Jose; Ruben Montes; Don Franklin; Jeremy Russell-Smith; Casey M. Ryan; Giselda Durigan; Pierre Hiernaux; Ricardo Haidar; David M. J. S. Bowman; William J. Bond

2014-01-31T23:59:59.000Z

76

Serre-Godeaux varieties and the etale index.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We use the Serre-Godeaux varieties of finite groups, projective representation theory, the twisted Atiyah-Segal completion theorem, and our previous work on the topological period-index problem to compute the etale index of Brauer classes alpha in some specific examples. In particular, these computations show that the etale index of alpha differs from the period of alpha in general. As an application, we compute the index of unramified classes in the function fields of high-dimensional Serre-Godeaux varieties in terms of projective representation theory.

Benjamin Antieau; Ben Williams

77

Ecophysiology of forest and savanna vegetation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Lowland vegetation of tropical South AmericaAn overview, instate for tropical South America, Geophys. Res. Lett. , 30(dry seasonal forests of South America, Ann. Mo. Bot. Gard. ,

Lloyd, J.; Goulden, M. L.; Ometto, J. P.; Patino, S.; Fyllas, N. M.; Quesada, C. A.

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

78

Monte Carlo simulation model for electromagnetic scattering from vegetation and inversion of vegetation parameters  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In this thesis research, a coherent scattering model for microwave remote sensing of vegetation canopy is developed on the basis of Monte Carlo simulations. An accurate model of vegetation structure is essential for the ...

Wang, Li-Fang, Ph. D. Massachusetts Institute of Technology

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

79

Exploring the relationships between vegetation measurements and temperature in residential areas by integrating LIDAR and remotely sensed imagery  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

at higher resolutions is much more difficult to obtain. This has allowed researchers to study urban heat island dynamics at a micro-scale. However, this study suggests that a vegetation index alone might not be the best surrogate variable for providing...

Clemonds, Matthew A

2006-10-30T23:59:59.000Z

80

Sandhills Vegetation Will heat from the pipeline affect the growth of vegetation?  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

1 Sandhills Vegetation Will heat from the pipeline affect the growth of vegetation? What we know. Will the Sandhills vegetation grow back after the pipeline is constructed? What we know ­ response by Professor Jerry issues, revegetation problems on the pipeline will be at discreet locations. If surrounding pastures

Nebraska-Lincoln, University of

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "difference vegetation index" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


81

XI. Index of Primary Contacts  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

XI Index of Primary Contacts XI Index of Primary Contacts A Aaron, Tim . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .23 Aceves, Salvador M. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .186 Adams, Stephen. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .713 Adzic, Radoslav. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .384 Ahluwalia, Rajesh K.. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .511 Ahmed, S. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .451 Ahn, Channing. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .262, 267 Alam, Mohammad S.. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .509 Andersen, Cindi. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .811 Anton, Donald L.. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .230, 243 Arduengo III, Anthony J. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .274

82

CHAPTER XVIII - INDEX-NUMBERS OF PRICES PRICE INDEX-NUMBERS  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Publisher Summary This chapter provides an overview of index numbers. If a term is expressed in a statistical series comparing similar events at different times or in different places as a relative number to another term, called the base, of the same series one obtains an index number of the simplest form. If the terms of a series of prices of a given commodity are expressed as ratio to a fixed base and a number of such series are combined into a group, a frequency distribution is obtained. The first purpose of constructing price index numbers was the measurement of changes in the purchasing power of money considered as a reciprocal of the general price level. Another purpose of constructing price index numbers is the splitting of changes in aggregate values into their price and quantity components. While it is easy to split changes in aggregate values into price changes and quantity changes in the case of a single commodity, it is extremely difficult to do so in the case of a group of commodities. Theoretically, six fundamental types of price index numbers may be distinguished.

ISAAC PAENSON

1970-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

83

Fish and Vegetables in Foil Ingredients  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Fish and Vegetables in Foil Ingredients: 1 1/2 pounds fresh or frozen fish fillets or steaks 4 sodium) Directions 1. Rinse fish under cold water and pat dry. Place 4 individual portions of fish on 4 pieces of foil large enough to completely wrap around the fish and vegetables. 2. Diagonally slice

Liskiewicz, Maciej

84

Fruit and Vegetable Safety Challenge Game Directions  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

1 Fruit and Vegetable Safety Challenge Game Directions Equipment needed: 1. Computer, projector (fruits, vegetables, and meat) 6. Cleaning solutions (bleach, soap, water) 7. Stop watch 8. Team prizes How to Start: This game can be used with the "A Healthy Harvest: Safe Handling of Fresh Fruits

85

Bringing fruit, vegetaBle and  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Bringing fruit, vegetaBle and plant products into the uK Don't break the law check the rules before you travel securing our Border CONTROLLING MIGRATION #12;there are very strict controls on what fruit the list below), you can bring in any fruit, vegetables or plant products ­ as long as they are grown

Molinari, Marc

86

HYDROPONIC VEGETABLE GARDENING Marcy Stanton, Master Gardener  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

and a water source. Lighting: A simple 2-bulb 4-foot fluorescent fixture with standard COOL WHITE bulbs is adequate for most leafy vegetables. Do not buy any of the fancy fluorescent grow bulbs; you are wasting your money on these expensive bulbs. When we set up a fluorescent light system to grow vegetables, what

New Hampshire, University of

87

CONNECTICUT VEGETABLE & SMALL FRUIT GROWERS' Thursday, January 15, 2015  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

CONNECTICUT VEGETABLE & SMALL FRUIT GROWERS' CONFERENCE Thursday, January 15, 2015 Maneeley. Connecticut Vegetable & Small Fruit Growers' Conference (We need folks to pre-register so Maneeley's has:______________________________________ ---- Town:______________ State:_____ Zip:____________ ---- Check off: Vegetable grower ___ Fruit grower

Alpay, S. Pamir

88

Vegetable Crops Hotline index 2009 Please note: The article title is  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

? 509 Colorado Potato Beetles 510 Snap Bean, Dry Bean, and Lima Bean Are Corn Borers Making a Comeback 502 Disaster and Flood Assistance Grant Funds STILL Available for Eligible Indiana Family Famers 502

Ginzel, Matthew

89

SUN Regulates Vegetative and Reproductive Organ Shape by Changing Cell Division Patterns1[C][W][OA  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

SUN Regulates Vegetative and Reproductive Organ Shape by Changing Cell Division Patterns1[C controlling the elongated fruit shape of tomato (Solanum lycopersicum) is SUN. In this study, we explored the roles of SUN in vegetative and reproductive development using near isogenic lines (NILs) that differ

van der Knaap, Esther

90

Life Cycle Inventory and Carbon and Water FoodPrint of Fruits and Vegetables: Application to a Swiss Retailer  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Greenhouse production implies electricity use, for example, for lighting and irrigation pumps. ... Different scenarios of the total GWP of the fruits and vegetables assessed reveal a reduction potential of 42% changing from the scenario with air-freighted oversea-asparagus and vegetables produced in heated greenhouses in northern Europe to a supply without air transport and fossil fuel heated greenhouse productions. ...

Franziska Stoessel; Ronnie Juraske; Stephan Pfister; Stefanie Hellweg

2012-02-06T23:59:59.000Z

91

Indexes of Consumption and Production  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Figure on manufacturing production indexes and purchased energy consumption Figure on manufacturing production indexes and purchased energy consumption Source: Energy Information Administration and Federal Reserve Board. History of Shipments This chart presents indices of 14 years (1980-1994) of historical data of manufacturing production indexes and Purchased (Offsite-Produced) Energy consumption, using 1992 as the base year (1992 = 100). Indexing both energy consumption and production best illustrates the trends in output and consumption. Taken separately, these two indices track the relative growth rates within the specified industry. Taken together, they reveal trends in energy efficiency. For example, a steady increase in output, coupled with a decline in energy consumption, represents energy efficiency gains. Likewise, steadily rising energy consumption with a corresponding decline in output illustrates energy efficiency losses.

92

Site Index | ornl.gov  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Index Index SHARE ORNL from A to Z User Fa A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z This alphabetical index includes links to commonly requested information resources on ORNL's public webservers. Use the alphabetical links below to navigate quickly through the index. If you can't find what you need here, try the Search page. A Accounts Payable Acrobat Reader Software Agricola (agriculture database) Air Quality Conditions and Forecast Airport - Knoxville American Institute of Chemical Engineers American Museum of Science and Energy (AMSE) AmeriFlux Network Annual Review Series ASER - Oak Ridge Reservation Annual Site Environmental Report Ask a Librarian! - email ORNL Library Atmospheric Radiation Measurement (ARM) Archive Atomic Trades and Labor Council Automated External Defibrillator Locations

93

Infrared refractive index of diamond  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The refractive index of natural Type IIa diamond is reported for the spectral region 2.5-25 m. The data have been fitted to a Herzberger-type dispersion formula with a quality of...

Edwards, David F; Ochoa, Ellen

1981-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

94

Index of /icons/small  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Index of /icons/small. [ICO], Name Last modified Size Description. [DIR], Parent Directory, -. [TXT], README.txt, 20-Nov-2004 15:16, 300. [IMG], back.gif...

95

Project Definition Rating Index (PDRI)  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

The Office of Environmental Management (EM) Project Definition Rating Index (EM-PDRI) is a modification of a commercially developed planning tool that has been tested by an EM team specifically for...

96

Nudibranch Systematic Index, second edition  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Systematic Index page - 380 Tachikawa, 1997:3; Tonozuka,Valdes, 2008:294; Tachikawa, 1997:5 Phyllidiella1999:128; 2004:215; Tachikawa, 1997:6; Tonozuka, 2003:

McDonald, Gary R

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

97

Towards a theory of ecotone resilience: Coastal vegetation on a salinity gradient  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Ecotones represent locations where vegetation change is likely to occur as a result of climate and other environmental changes. Using a model of an ecotone vulnerable to such future changes, we estimated the resilience of the ecotone to disturbances. The specific ecotone is that between two different vegetation types, salinity-tolerant and salinity-intolerant, along a gradient in groundwater salinity. In the case studied, each vegetation type, through soil feedback loops, promoted local soil salinity levels that favor itself in competition with the other type. Bifurcation analysis was used to study the system of equations for the two vegetation types and soil salinity. Alternative stable equilibria, one for salinity-tolerant and one for salinity intolerant vegetation, were shown to exist over a region of the groundwater salinity gradient, bounded by two bifurcation points. This region was shown to depend sensitively on parameters such as the rate of upward infiltration of salinity from groundwater into the soil due to evaporation. We showed also that increasing diffusion rates of vegetation can lead to shrinkage of the range between the two bifurcation points. Sharp ecotones are typical of salt-tolerant vegetation (mangroves) near the coastline and salt-intolerant vegetation inland, even though the underlying elevation and groundwater salinity change very gradually. A disturbance such as an input of salinity to the soil from a storm surge could upset this stable boundary, leading to a regime shift of salinity-tolerant vegetation inland. We showed, however, that, for our model as least, a simple pulse disturbance would not be sufficient; the salinity would have to be held at a high level, as a press, for some time. The approach used here should be generalizable to study the resilience of a variety of ecotones to disturbances.

Jiang Jiang; Daozhou Gao; Donald L. DeAngelis

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

98

Vegetation Response to CO2 and Climate  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Vegetation Response to CO2 and Climate Vegetation Response to CO2 and Climate Area and Carbon Content of Sphagnum Since Last Glacial Maximum (2002) TDE Model Intercomparison Project Data Archive Presentations and abstracts from the recent DOE Terrestrial Science Team Meeting (Argonne National Laboratory, October 29-31, 2001) FACE (Free-Air CO2 Enrichment) Walker Branch Throughfall Displacement Experiment Data Report: Site Characterization, System Performance, Weather, Species Composition, and Growth (2001), NDP-078A | PDF Bibliography on CO2 Effects on Vegetation and Ecosystems: 1990-1999 Literature (2000), CDIAC-129 Direct effects of atmospheric CO2 enrichment on plants and ecosystems: An updated bibliographic data base (1994), CDIAC-70 A Database of Herbaceous Vegetation Responses to Elevated

99

CLIMATE CHANGE IMPACTS ON CALIFORNIA VEGETATION  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

CLIMATE CHANGE IMPACTS ON CALIFORNIA VEGETATION: PHYSIOLOGY, LIFE HISTORY, AND ECOSYSTEM CHANGE A White Paper from the California Energy Commission's California Climate Change Center of the uncertainties with climate change effects on terrestrial ecosystems is understanding where transitions

100

The limited growth of vegetated shear layers  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In contrast to free shear layers, which grow continuously downstream, shear layers generated by submerged vegetation grow only to a finite thickness. Because these shear layers are characterized by coherent vortex structures ...

Ghisalberti, M.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "difference vegetation index" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


101

Bonneville - Hood River Vegetation Management Environmental Assessment  

SciTech Connect

To maintain the reliability of its electrical system, BPA, in cooperation with the U.S. Forest Service, needs to expand the range of vegetation management options used to clear unwanted vegetation on about 20 miles of BPA transmission line right-of-way between Bonneville Dam and Hood River; Oregon, within the Columbia Gorge National Scenic Area (NSA). We propose to continue controlling undesirable vegetation using a program of Integrated Vegetation Management (IVM) which includes manual, biological and chemical treatment methods. BPA has prepared an Environmental Assessment (EA) (DOE/EA-1257) evaluating the proposed project. Based on the analysis in the EA, BPA has determined that the proposed action is not a major Federal action significantly affecting the quality of the human environment, within the meaning of the National Environmental Policy Act (NEPA) of 1969. Therefore, the preparation of an Environmental Impact Statement (EIS) is not required and BPA is issuing this FONSI.

N /A

1998-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

102

Safe Storage of Fresh Fruits and Vegetables  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Proper storage of fresh fruits and vegetables can help consumers avoid foodborne illness. This publication explains how to safely store apples, bananas, berries, beets, broccoli, carrots, corn, grapes, herbs, lettuce and greens, melons, nectarines...

Scott, Amanda

2008-09-05T23:59:59.000Z

103

Nonlinear Characteristics of Wave Propagation over Vegetation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The attenuation of wave energy by submerged or near-emergent coastal vegetation is one of the prominent methods of energy dissipation in areas with significant presence of wetlands. In this thesis, the nature of this dissipation in nearshore random...

Venkattaramanan, Aravinda

2014-04-28T23:59:59.000Z

104

Membrane degumming of crude vegetable oil  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Crude vegetable oils contain various minor substances like phospholipids, coloring pigments, and free fatty acids (FFA) that may affect quality of the oil. Reduction of energy costs and waste disposal are major concerns for many oil refiners who...

Lin, Lan

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

105

Microsoft Word - Final Newsletter Index.doc  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

ANNUAL INDEX SEQUESTRATION IN THE NEWS .............................................................................. 1 SEQUESTRATION POLICY & TRADING ............................................................... 11 SEQUESTRATION EVENTS & ANNOUNCEMENTS ............................................ 16 SEQUESTRATION PUBLICATIONS......................................................................... 17 SEQUESTRATION LEGISLATION ........................................................................... 24 INDEX.............................................................................................................................. 25 CONTACT INFORMATION........................................................................................ 28

106

Ceremony Marks Completion of CA Index  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Ceremony Marks Completion of CA Index ... The mushroom growth of CA makes it necessary to compile future indexes in spans of FINISHED. ...

1962-09-17T23:59:59.000Z

107

Systematic mapping of Leaf Area Index across Canada using 250-meter MODIS data  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

An approach to generate a 250-meter Canada wide Leaf Area Index (LAI) map using 250-meter MODIS data is described. The full processing chain is introduced. The approach is based on intercalibration of Landsat and MODIS vegetation indices (VI's) combined with LAIVI's empirical relationships. Preliminary validation over two sites where field work was carried out shows promising results. Intercalibration of MODIS VI's before deriving LAI maps provides up to 65% improvement of the LAI overall accuracy.

Nadia Rochdi; Richard Fernandes

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

108

Los Alamos National Laboratory Building Cost Index  

SciTech Connect

The Los Alamos National Laboratory Building Cost Index indicates that actual escalation since 1970 is near 10% per year. Therefore, the Laboratory will continue using a 10% per year escalation rate for construction estimates through 1985 and a slightly lower rate of 8% per year from 1986 through 1990. The computerized program compares the different elements involved in the cost of a typical construction project, which for our purposes, is a complex of office buildings and experimental laboratores. The input data used in the program consist primarily of labor costs and material and equipment costs. The labor costs are the contractural rates of the crafts workers in the Los Alamos area. For the analysis, 12 field-labor draft categories are used; each is weighted corresponding to the labor craft distribution associated with the typical construction project. The materials costs are current Los Alamos prices. Additional information sources include material and equipment quotes obtained through conversations with vendors and from trade publications. The material and equipment items separate into 17 categories for the analysis and are weighted corresponding to the material and equipment distribution associated with the typical construction project. The building cost index is compared to other national building cost indexes.

Orr, H.D.; Lemon, G.D.

1983-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

109

Los Alamos National Laboratory building cost index  

SciTech Connect

The Los Alamos National Laboratory Building Cost Index indicates that actual escalation since 1970 is near 10% per year. Therefore, the Laboratory will continue using a 10% per year escalation rate for construction estimates through 1985 and a slightly lower rate of 8% per year from 1986 through 1990. The computerized program compares the different elements involved in the cost of a typical construction project, which for our purposes, is a complex of office buildings and experimental laboratories. The input data used in the program consist primarily of labor costs and material and equipment costs. The labor costs are the contractual rates of the crafts workers in the Los Alamos area. For the analysis, 12 field-labor craft categories are used; each is weighted corresponding to the labor craft distribution associated with the typical construction project. The materials costs are current Los Alamos prices. Additional information sources include material and equipment quotes obtained through conversations with vendors and from trade publications. The material and equipment items separate into 17 categories for the analysis and are weighted corresponding to the material and equipment distribution associated with the typical construction project. The building cost index is compared to other national building cost indexes.

Orr, H.D.; Lemon, G.D.

1982-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

110

EIS-0285: Transmission System Vegetation Management Program | Department of  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

February 20, 2003 February 20, 2003 EIS-0285-SA-123: Supplement Analysis Transmission System Vegetation Management Program February 19, 2003 EIS-0285-SA-126: Supplement Analysis Transmission System Vegetation Management Program February 18, 2003 EIS-0285-SA-125: Supplement Analysis Transmission System Vegetation Management Program February 18, 2003 EIS-0285-SA-124: Supplement Analysis Transmission System Vegetation Management Program February 12, 2003 EIS-0285-SA-121: Supplement Analysis Transmission System Vegetation Management Program February 10, 2003 EIS-0285-SA-120: Supplement Analysis Transmission System Vegetation Management Program, Benton County, Washington January 16, 2003 EIS-0285-SA-117: Supplement Analysis Transmission System Vegetation Management Program December 24, 2002

111

EIS-0285: Transmission System Vegetation Management Program | Department of  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

July 19, 2002 July 19, 2002 EIS-0285-SA-96: Supplement Analysis Transmission System Vegetation Management Program, Snohomish District Substations July 19, 2002 EIS-0285-SA-70: Supplement Analysis Transmission System Vegetation Management Program July 9, 2002 EIS-0285-SA-81: Supplement Analysis Transmission System Vegetation Management Program July 1, 2002 EIS-0285-SA-84: Supplement Analysis Transmission System Vegetation Management Program July 1, 2002 EIS-0285-SA-80: Supplement Analysis Transmission System Vegetation Management Program July 1, 2002 EIS-0285-SA-78: Supplement Analysis Transmission System Vegetation Management Program June 21, 2002 EIS-0285-SA-75: Supplement Analysis Transmission System Vegetation Management Program May 31, 2002 EIS-0285-SA-58: Supplement Analysis

112

A bivariate process capability index  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

particular quality characteristic X of an item. We will assume that the quality characteristic, X, is normally distributed with mean y, and standard deviation o'. Since the true values of p and o are unknown, these process parameters must be estimated from... is unitless, it is often used to compare processes. For example, an index value of one indicates that the allowable process spread is equivalent to the actual process spread. Index values less than one indicate that the actual process spread is greater than...

Michalski, Susan Lohmer

1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

113

Modulating dispersion properties of low index photonic crystal structures using microfluidics  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We present a technique for manipulating the dispersive properties of low index periodic structures using microfluidic materials that fill the lattice with various fluids of different...

Sharkawy, Ahmed; Pustai, David; Shi, Shouyuan; Prather, Dennis; McBride, Sterling; Zanzucchi, Peter

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

114

Impact of vegetation fraction from Indian geostationary satellite on short-range weather forecast  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Indian economy is largely depending upon the agricultural productivity and thus influences the trade among the SAARC countries. High-resolution and good-quality regional weather forecasts are necessary for planners, resource managers, insurers and national agro-advisory services. In this study, high resolution updated land-surface state in terms of vegetation fraction (VF) from operational vegetation index products of Indian geostationary satellite (INSAT 3A) sensor (CCD) was utilized in numerical weather prediction (NWP) model (e.g. WRF) to investigate its impact on short-range weather forecast over the control run. Results showed that the updated vegetation fraction from INSAT 3A CCD improved the low-level 24h temperature (?18%) and moisture (?10%) forecast in comparison to control run. The 24h rainfall forecast was also improved (more than 5%) over central and southern India with the use of updated vegetation fraction compared to control experiment. INSAT 3A VF based experiment also showed a net improvement of 27% in surface sensible heat fluxes from WRF in comparison to control experiment when both were compared with area-averaged measurements from Large Aperture Scintillometer (LAS). This triggers the need of more and more use of realistic and updated land surface states through satellite remote sensing data as well as in situ micrometeorological measurements to improve the forecast quality, skill and consistency.

Prashant Kumar; Bimal K. Bhattacharya; P.K. Pal

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

115

The need for a human gene index  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......need for a human gene index. | Editorial | Abstracting...NEED FOR A HUMAN GENE INDEX Much noise has been made...the year 2000 about the completion of a "draft" of the...changes in assembly and completion of the draft genome...need for a human gene index Towards a true gene index......

C. Victor Jongeneel

2000-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

116

Index to Volume 77, 2012  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...acting as preferential flow paths within aquifer systems 4 H57 Index to Volume 77 Z169...moment tensor charac- terization of fracking events 5 ID23 Maida, Camila, see Mendon...moment tensor characteri- zation of fracking events, H. Mahardika, A. Revil...

117

1988 Bulletin compilation and index  

SciTech Connect

This document is published to provide current information about the national program for managing spent fuel and high-level radioactive waste. This document is a compilation of issues from the 1988 calendar year. A table of contents and one index have been provided to assist in finding information.

NONE

1989-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

118

INDEX  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

STANDARD RESEARCH STANDARD RESEARCH SUBCONTRACT (EDUCATIONAL INSTITUTION or NONPROFIT ORGANIZATION) [FOR UNCLASSIFIED WORK] NO. ______________________ (DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY M&O CONTRACTOR) NATI _____________________________________ NAME ADDRESS Subcontractor: Attention: Address City, State, Zip Phone: Fax: E-Mail: Contractor's Procurement Representative [Contract Administrator]: Proc. Rep Title: ___________________ Phone #: Fax #: E-Mail: Introduction This is a cost-reimbursement, no-fee, standard subcontract for unclassified research and development work, not related to nuclear, chemical, biological, or radiological weapons of mass destruction or the

119

index  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Introduction to the C-Mod Experiment Introduction to the C-Mod Experiment Physics Research High-Energy- Density Physics Waves & Beams Technology & Engineering Useful Links 2006 Program Advisory Committee Meeting Agenda, January 25- 27, 2006 Wednesday, January 25, 2006 1:00 pm Executive Session Richard Groebner 1:15 pm Welcome & Charge Miklos Porkolab 1:25 pm Comments from DoE Adam Rosenberg 1:30 pm Program Overview Earl Marmar 2:30 pm C-Mod Research for Integrated Scenarios on ITER Amanda Hubbard 3:30 pm Break 3:40 pm C-Mod Facility and Contributions to ITER Jim Irby 4:40 pm Executive Session 5:10 pm Dinner (off-site) Thursday, January 26, 2006 8:30 am Macro-Stability Bob Granetz 9:15 am ICRF Steve Wukitch 10:00 am Lower Hybrid Ron Parker 10:30 am Break 10:45 am Plasma Boundary Bruce Lipschultz 11:30 am Pedestal Physics

120

INDEX:  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......Monitoring hypertext users 297 Planning procedural advice 313 Rede ning software: a comment on Thimbleby's paper 26 Re exive...J R see Tjahjadi, T Boies, S J see Gould, J D Booth, P Rede ning software: a comment on Thimbleby's paper 26 Bowen, D......

Index

1998-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "difference vegetation index" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


121

index  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

alcator c-mod Alcator Alcator Introduction Facility Information Tokamak Data & Real-Time Information Computer & Data Systems Research Program Information Publications & News...

122

INDEX:  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......33 Brehm C M What's better than flying Concorde? Astronomy! 1.4 Briggs...to Halley 2.8 McBeath A Meteors on disk: hidden gems 4.34 McBeath M On meteor...Bowler S 4.4 What's better than flying Concorde? Astronomy! Brehm C M 1......

Index to Astronomy & Geophysics Vol.40

1999-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

123

INDEX:  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......shedding moons 2.6 Bowler S Light on STFC grant allocation...Editorial 1.4 Bowler S Merry Christmas from 18th-century Lapland...shedding moons Bowler S 2.6 Light on STFC grant allocation...way Bowler S 1.7 Merry Christmas from 18th century Lapland......

Index to A&G volume 52

2011-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

124

INDEX:  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......lifetime 5.6 Bowler S Christmas stars 6.30 Bowler S...4.5 Bowler S First light through the VLT 4.4...Era Burbidge G 3.34 Christmas Stars Bowler S 6.306...Brittan J 6.31 New light on darkness McMillan...Bowler S 4.5 First light through the VLT Bowler......

Index to Astronomy & Geophysics Vol.39

1998-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

125

INDEX:  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......vii, ix. Annual General Meeting (November, 1908), iv. Auditor's Report, vi. Council and Officers for the Session 1908-1909...containing Bessel's Functions, 142. Pidduok, F. B. The Energy and Momentum of an Ellipsoidal Electron, 90. Sommerville......

Index

1909-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

126

INDEX:  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......of Members, ix, xiii, xxi. Annual General Meeting, iv. Auditor's Report, ix. Council and Officers for the Session 1920-1021...Point Contact, 93. Jones, J. E. On the Distribution of Energy in Air Burrouuding a Vibrating Body, 347. Jordan, Charles......

Index

1922-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

127

INDEX:  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......xxiii. Annual General Meeting (November, 1918), iv. Auditor's Report, ix. Council and Officers for the Session 1918-1914...Electromagnetic Force on a Moviug Charge in relation to the Energy of the Field, 50. Macdonald, H. M. Formulae for the Spherical......

Index

1914-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

128

Direct green extraction of volatile aroma compounds using vegetable oils as solvents: Theoretical and experimental solubility study  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract The current study aimed at evaluation of the dissolving power of various vegetable oils in both theoretical and experimental way for the extraction of volatile aroma compounds (VACs) from basil. The solubility of six main \\{VACs\\} from basil in ten vegetable oils was firstly investigated through a theoretical modeling of their Hansen solubility parameters (HSP), followed by real experimental extractions using vegetable oils as solvents instead of petroleum-based solvents such as dichloromethane. Furthermore, multivariate statistical analyses were performed to partition vegetable oils into clusters referring to their dissolving power of VACs, which could be quantified by gas chromatographymass spectroscopy (GCMS) coupling to the headspace solid phase micro-extraction (HS-SPME). The results indicated that the solubility of \\{VACs\\} in enriched vegetable oils was significantly different (psolvents for further application in green extraction of natural products, in which sunflower oil gave the best performance.

Ying Li; Anne Sylvie Fabiano-Tixier; Christian Ginies; Farid Chemat

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

129

CBER-DETR Nevada Coincident and Leading Employment Coincident Index Rises, Leading Index Pauses  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

the seasonally adjusted data reported by the Bureau of Labor Statistics. The Nevada Coincident Employment IndexCBER-DETR Nevada Coincident and Leading Employment Indexes1 Coincident Index Rises, Leading Index Pauses The Nevada Coincident Employment Index measures the ups and downs of the Nevada economy using

Ahmad, Sajjad

130

Microsoft Word - CBS News Index  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Building Science Newsletter Index Building Science Newsletter Index All CBS Newsletters that are in print are also available on the web at: http://eetd.lbl.gov/cbs/newsletter/CBSNews.html Articles are listed here by title in the order they appear. Summer 1998 (This is the final issue. See new EETD Newsletter, beginning Spring 99.) Reducing the Federal Energy Bill - Berkeley Lab's Work with the Federal Energy Management Program. (Allan Chen, p.1.) News from the DC Office: Regional Builder Option Packages: A Simplified Guide for Constructing Energy Star Homes (Donald Mauritz, p.3.) A Survey: Indoor Air Quality in Schools. (Joan Daisey and William Angell, p. 4.) International Energy-Efficiency Standards. (Mirka Della Cava, p.5.) Energy Plus: The Merger of BLAST and DOE-2. (Dru Crawley, p.6.)

131

Global Leaf Area Index Data from Field Measurements, 1932-2000  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Published estimates of leaf area index (LAI), covering the period Published estimates of leaf area index (LAI), covering the period 1932-2000, have been compiled at the ORNL DAAC into a single data set to support model development and EOS MODIS product validation. Like net primary productivity (NPP), leaf area index (LAI) is a key parameter for global and regional models of biosphere/atmosphere exchange of carbon dioxide, water vapor, etc. This data set provides a benchmark of typical values and ranges of LAI for a variety of biomes and land cover types, in support of model development and validation of satellite-derived remote-sensing estimates of LAI and other vegetation parameters. For example, maximum values for point measurements are unlikely to be approached or exceeded for area-weighted LAI, which is what satellites and

132

On the relationship between histogram indexing and block-mass indexing  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...We conjecture that there is a class of indexing problems of greater complexity than exact matching...measuring complexity of this class of indexing problems. Six years...section, we begin study of a class of indexing problem where, we...

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

133

Preserving Vegetation in Parks and Wilderness  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...recom-mendations for preserving redwood groves along the Eel River...dominated by 1 000-year-old redwood trees, or in an untrammeled...vegetation of the California coastal redwood region in relation to gradients...careful data collection and humble advocacy. Inevitably the chemists...

Edward C. Stone

1965-12-03T23:59:59.000Z

134

Soils and Vegetation of the Congo  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

... responsible for the fifth International Congress of Soil Science being held in 1954 in the Congo. There have been numerous publications from this field, and this is one of a ... of a series on natural resources from L'Institut National pour 1'fitude Agronomique du Congo (Carte des Sols et de la Vegetation du ...

1963-09-14T23:59:59.000Z

135

INDEX TO VOLUME 144 This index provides coverage for both the Initial Reports and Scientific Results  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

in the index. Such a reference to Site 871, for example, is given as "Site 871, A:41-103." The Taxonomic Index

136

An application of predictive vegetation mapping to mountain vegetation in Sweden  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

community data as the dependent variable and various environmental data as the independent variables thought to control or correlate with vegetation distributions. The environmental data were either obtained from existing digital datasets or derived from...

Green, Janet Alexis

2006-04-12T23:59:59.000Z

137

High index contrast platform for silicon photonics  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This thesis focuses on silicon-based high index contrast (HIC) photonics. In addition to mature fiber optics or low index contrast (LIC) platform, which is often referred to as Planar Lightwave Cirrcuit (PLC) or Silica ...

Akiyama, Shoji, 1972-

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

138

Carbon sequestration in forest vegetation of Beijing at sublot level  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Based on forest inventory data (FID) at sublot level, we estimated the carbon sequestration in forest vegetation of Beijing, China in 2009. In this study, the carbon sequestration in forest vegetation at sublot l...

Yu Xiao; Kai An; Gaodi Xie; Chunxia Lu; Biao Zhang

2011-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

139

Vegetation-climate feedbacks in a greenhouse world  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...atmospheric CO2 concen- trations on climate.Therefore, complete models of climate, atmosphere and vegetation (earth system models) must incorporate all of these processes. This section will consider the future interactions between vegetation...

1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

140

On Edge Szeged Index of Bridge Graphs  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Corollary 2. Let H be any graph with fixed vertex $$ v $$ .... Then the edge Szeged index of the bridge

Fuqin Zhan; Youfu Qiao

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "difference vegetation index" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


141

Straight Vegetable Oil as a Diesel Fuel? (Fact Sheet)  

SciTech Connect

Discusses the use of straight vegetable oil as a diesel fuel and the use of biodiesel as a transportation fuel.

Not Available

2010-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

142

Chicken Noodle Soup 3 T. canola or vegetable oil  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

. Carefully strain the stock into another pot to remove the vegetable solids and reserve for soup. Cook off

Liu, Taosheng

143

Constructive membership predicates as index James Caldwell  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

. This interpretation of membership predicates as index types arises completely naturally in the constructive setting2Constructive membership predicates as index types James Caldwell and Josef Pohl Department, membership predicates over recursive types are inhabited by terms indexing the elements that satisfy

Caldwell, James

144

On Finite Index Subgroups of Linear Groups  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......the pro-finite completion of F, is infinite...then every finite index subgroup is of p-power...subgroup T' of finite index in F, a finitely...the pro-finite completion of the ring A...denotes the m-adic completion of A with respect...ON FINITE INDEX SUBGROUPS OF LINEAR......

Alexander Lubotzky

1987-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

145

Classification of Sweden's Forest and Alpine Vegetation Using Optical  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Classification of Sweden's Forest and Alpine Vegetation Using Optical Satellite and Inventory Data of Sweden's Forest and Alpine Vegetation Using Optical Satellite and Inventory Data. Abstract Creation of accurate vegetation maps from optical satellite data requires use of reference data to aid

146

The Earth as an extrasolar planet: the vegetation spectral signature today  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The Earth as an extrasolar planet: the vegetation spectral signature today and during the last extrasolar Earth-like planet integrated reflectance spectrum. Here, we investigate the potential during these extrema, when Earth's climate and biomes maps were different from today, we are able to test

Arnold, Luc

147

High spatial resolution three-dimensional mapping of vegetation spectral dynamics using computer vision  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Forestry Forest ecology Computer vision Unmanned aerial systems UAS Unmanned aerial vehicle UAV Forest-dimensional (3D) measurements of vegetation by remote sensing are advancing ecological research and environmental ecologically significant dynamics in canopy color at different heights and a structural shift upward in canopy

Ellis, Erle C.

148

?Aceite Vegetal Puro Como Combustible Diesel? (Straight Vegetable Oil as a Diesel Fuel? Spanish Version) (Fact Sheet)  

SciTech Connect

Discusses the use of straight vegetable oil as a diesel fuel and the use of biodiesel as a transportation fuel.

Not Available

2010-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

149

Detecting vegetation-precipitation feedbacks in mid-Holocene North Africa from two climate models  

SciTech Connect

Using two climate-vegetation model simulations from the Fast Ocean Atmosphere Model (FOAM) and the Community Climate System Model (CCSM, version 2), we investigate vegetation-precipitation feedbacks across North Africa during the mid-Holocene. From mid-Holocene snapshot runs of FOAM and CCSM2, we detect a negative feedback at the annual timescale with our statistical analysis. Using the Monte- Carlo bootstrap method, the annual negative feedback is further confirmed to be significant in both simulations. Additional analysis shows that this negative interaction is partially caused by the competition between evaporation and transpiration in North African grasslands. Furthermore, we find the feedbacks decrease with increasing timescales, and change signs from positive to negative at increasing timescales in FOAM. The proposed mechanism for this sign switch is associated with the different persistent timescales of upper and lower soil water contents, and their interactions with vegetation and atmospheric precipitation.

Wang, Yi; Notaro, Michael; Liu, Zhengyu; Gallimore, Robert; Levis, Samuel; Kutzbach, John E.

2008-03-31T23:59:59.000Z

150

Indexing of Spatio-Temporal Telemetric Data Based on Adaptive Multi-Dimensional Bucket Index  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This paper describes the idea of a multi-dimensional bucket index designed for efficient indexing of telemetric readings. This data structure answers spatio-temporal range queries concerning utility usage within user selected region and time. In addition, ... Keywords: bucket index, exponential smoothing, indexing of telemetric readings, spatial data warehouse, utility usage prediction

Marcin Gorawski; Adam Dyga

2009-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

151

Indexing of Spatio-Temporal Telemetric Data Based on Adaptive Multi-Dimensional Bucket Index  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This paper describes the idea of a multi-dimensional bucket index designed for efficient indexing of telemetric readings. This data structure answers spatio-temporal range queries concerning utility usage within user selected region and time. In addition, ... Keywords: bucket index, exponential smoothing, indexing of telemetric readings, spatial data warehouse, utility usage prediction

Marcin Gorawski; Adam Dyga

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

152

Vegetation survey of PEN Branch wetlands  

SciTech Connect

A survey was conducted of vegetation along Pen Branch Creek at Savannah River Site (SRS) in support of K-Reactor restart. Plants were identified to species by overstory, understory, shrub, and groundcover strata. Abundance was also characterized and richness and diversity calculated. Based on woody species basal area, the Pen Branch delta was the most impacted, followed by the sections between the reactor and the delta. Species richness for shrub and groundcover strata were also lowest in the delta. No endangered plant species were found. Three upland pine areas were also sampled. In support of K Reactor restart, this report summarizes a study of the wetland vegetation along Pen Branch. Reactor effluent enters Indian Grove Branch and then flows into Pen Branch and the Pen Branch Delta.

Not Available

1991-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

153

Department of Energy Standards Index  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

TSL-1-2002 TSL-1-2002 December 2002 Superseding DOE-TSL-1-99 May 1999 DOE TECHNICAL STANDARDS LIST DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY STANDARDS INDEX U.S. Department of Energy AREA SDMP Washington, D.C. 20585 DISTRIBUTION STATEMENT A. Approved for public release; distribution is unlimited. This document has been reproduced from the best available copy. Available to DOE and DOE contractors from ES&H Technical Information Services, U.S. Department of Energy, (800) 473-4375, fax: (301) 903-9823. Available to the public from the U.S. Department of Commerce, Technology Administration, National Technical Information Service, Springfield, VA 22161; (703) 605-6000. DOE-TSL-1-2002 iii FOREWORD 1. This Department of Energy (DOE) Technical Standards list (TSL) has been prepared by the Office of Nuclear and Facility Safety Policy (EH-53) on the basis of currently available technical information.

154

Construction Price Indexes | Data.gov  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Price Indexes Price Indexes BusinessUSA Data/Tools Apps Challenges Let's Talk BusinessUSA You are here Data.gov » Communities » BusinessUSA » Data Construction Price Indexes Dataset Summary Description The Construction Price Indexes provide price indexes for single-family houses sold and for single-family houses under construction. The houses sold index incorporates the value of the land and is available quarterly at the national level and annually by region. The indexes for houses under construction are available monthly at the national level. The indexes are based on data funded by HUD and collected in the Survey of Construction (SOC). Tags {Laspeyres,Constant,Quality,Paasche,Output,Deflator,Fisher,Ideal,Index,absorption,apartment,authorized,authorization,build,building,built,characteristic,completed,completion,construction,contract,contractor,cost,development,dwelling,economic,existing,expenditures,family,financing,finished,floor,home,house,houses,housing,hud,indicator,index,issue,issuing,living,manufactured,market,metropolitan,microdata,month,multifamily,multiple,new,nonresidential,occupancy,occupants,occupied,office,one-unit,owner,permanent,permit,permits,price,private,privately-owned,public,quarters,rebuilt,region,regional,rent,rental,residential,rural,sale,sectional,single,single-family,site-built,size,sold,speculative,spending,stage,started,starts,structure,timeshare,under,unit,units,urban,u.s.,vacancy,valuation,zoning}

155

Vegetation Description, Rare Plant Inventory, and Vegetation Monitoring for Craig Mountain, Idaho.  

SciTech Connect

The Craig Mountain Wildlife Mitigation Area was purchased by Bonneville Power Administration (BPA) as partial mitigation for wildlife losses incurred with the inundation of Dworshak Reservoir on the North Fork Clearwater River. Upon completion of the National Environmental Protection Act (NEPA) process, it is proposed that title to mitigation lands will be given to the Idaho Department of Fish and Game (IDFG). Craig Mountain is located at the northern end of the Hells Canyon Ecosystem. It encompasses the plateau and steep canyon slopes extending from the confluence of the Snake and Salmon rivers, northward to near Waha, south of Lewiston, Idaho. The forested summit of Craig Mountain is characterized by gently rolling terrain. The highlands dramatically break into the canyons of the Snake and Salmon rivers at approximately the 4,700 foot contour. The highly dissected canyons are dominated by grassland slopes containing a mosaic of shrubfield, riparian, and woodland habitats. During the 1993 and 1994 field seasons, wildlife, habitat/vegetation, timber, and other resources were systematically inventoried at Craig Mountain to provide Fish and Game managers with information needed to draft an ecologically-based management plan. The results of the habitat/vegetation portion of the inventory are contained in this report. The responsibilities for the Craig Mountain project included: (1) vegetation data collection, and vegetation classification, to help produce a GIS-generated Craig Mountain vegetation map, (2) to determine the distribution and abundance of rare plants populations and make recommendations concerning their management, and (3) to establish a vegetation monitoring program to evaluate the effects of Fish and Game management actions, and to assess progress towards meeting habitat mitigation goals.

Mancuso, Michael; Moseley, Robert

1994-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

156

Supplement: Commodity Index Report | Data.gov  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Supplement: Commodity Index Report Supplement: Commodity Index Report Agriculture Community Menu DATA APPS EVENTS DEVELOPER STATISTICS COLLABORATE ABOUT Agriculture You are here Data.gov » Communities » Agriculture » Data Supplement: Commodity Index Report Dataset Summary Description Shows index traders in selected agricultural markets. These traders are drawn from the noncommercial and commercial categories. The noncommercial category includes positions of managed funds, pension funds, and other investors that are generally seeking exposure to a broad index of commodity prices as an asset class in an unleveraged and passively-managed manner. The commercial category includes positions for entities whose trading predominantly reflects hedging of over-the-counter transactions involving commodity indices, for example, a swap dealer holding long futures positions to hedge a short commodity index exposure opposite institutional traders, such as pension funds.

157

Thirtieth anniversary of the retention index according to Kovts in gas-liquid chromatography  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

GC retention data measured in various laboratories are given in many different forms and therefore their usefulness is limited. The retention index system according to Kovts solves the problem of the uniform expression of retention data. In this review, the main theoretical and practical results relating to retention index systems published in the past 5 years are summarized.

G. Tarjn; Sz. Nyiredy; M. Gyr; E.R. Lombosi; T.S. Lombosi; M.V. Budahegyi; S.Y. Mszros; J.M. Takcs

1989-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

158

Selection index estimation from incomplete data  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

consistent, asymptoticallv efficient, and fre- quently maximum likelihood. This method ot estimating P was utilrzed by Smith and Pfaffenberger [1970] to develop a selection index which used both complete and incomplete data sets of multtvariate normal... distribution. This index was shown to be an improvement over those using only complete data sets. 1. 3 Review of the Smith-Pfaffenberger Procedure The Smith-Pfaffenberger index utilized the procedure developed by Hocking and Smith which allowed...

Scott, Douglas Meloy

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

159

Index of /~wilker/misc/Electronics  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Index of /~wilker/misc/Electronics. [ICO], Name Last modified Size Description. [DIR], Parent Directory, -. [ ], dram.pdf, 11-Sep-1998 23:10, 124K. [ ]...

160

Berkeley Lab Research Review Magazine Index  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Research Review Magazine A-Z Index Search Phone Book Comments Ernest Orlando Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory Public Information Department News Archive Listing by Subject...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "difference vegetation index" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


161

Index of /~santos/research/nuclear  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Feb 28, 2013 ... Index of /~santos/research/nuclear. [ICO], Name Last modified Size Description. [DIR], Parent Directory, -. [ ], co2_monitoring.pdf...

162

Achieving laser ignition using zero index metamaterials  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The possibility of laser ignition using zero index metamaterials (ZIM) is investigated theoretically. Using this method, multiple laser beams can be focused automatically regardless of...

Zhai, Tianrui; Shi, Jinwei; Chen, Shujing; Liu, Dahe; Zhang, Xinping

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

163

An index 2F2 hypergeometric transform  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We construct a new one-parameter family of index hypergeometric transforms associated with the relativistic pseudoharmonic oscillator by using coherent states analysis.

Zouhair Mouayn

2011-05-12T23:59:59.000Z

164

N:\\redesign\\indexes\\Armour Engineer Index.doc 1 Combined Index of Armour Engineer* and Illinois Tech Engineer*  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Occupations­Diseases, hygiene Industrial heating SEE Electric heating, Industrial Industrial hygiene SEE, Industrial SEE Psychology, Applied Radiant heating SEE Heating ­ Panel system Radio stations SEE Radio:\\redesign\\indexes\\Armour Engineer Index.doc 2 Airships SEE SEE Air-ships Alternating currents SEE Electrical currents, Alternating

Heller, Barbara

165

Estimation of Anticipated Performance Index and Air Pollution Tolerance Index and of vegetation around the marble industrial areas of Potwar region: bioindicators of plant pollution response  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Mitigating industrial air pollution is a big challenge, in such scenario ... species which are bio indicator and sink for air pollution. The present study was designed to evaluate the Air Pollution Tolerance Inde...

Mehwish Jamil Noor; Shazia Sultana; Sonia Fatima

2014-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

166

EIS-0285: Transmission System Vegetation Management Program | Department of  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

285: Transmission System Vegetation Management Program 285: Transmission System Vegetation Management Program EIS-0285: Transmission System Vegetation Management Program SUMMARY Bonneville Power Administration (Bonneville) is responsible for maintaining a network of 24,000 kilometers (km) or 15,000 miles (mi.) of electric transmission lines and 350 substations. This electric transmission system operates in seven states of the Pacific Northwest. (See Figure I-1). The seven states offer a great diversity of vegetation. This vegetation can interfere with electric power flow, pose safety problems for us and neighboring members of the public, and interfere with our ability to maintain these facilities. We need to keep vegetation a safe distance away from our electric power facilities and control noxious weeds at our

167

INTEGRATED PLANT RECORD (IPR) VEGETATION ANALYSIS APPLIED TO MODERN VEGETATION IN SOUTH CHINA AND JAPAN  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...microclimates are developed due to foehn wind and other factors causing strong vegetational...near Longqi Mountain and from a local station at 1000-m (He et al...and 6); however, we assume that local variability in humidity or variable...

VASILIS TEODORIDIS; JOHANNA KOVAR-EDER; PETR MAZOUCH

168

Applied Vegetation Science 15 (2012) 161165 Species introduction a major topic in vegetation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

and ecosystems. Despite an enormous increase in ecological knowledge during the past 20 yr, restoration projects) and Knowledge and Management of Aquatic Ecosystems (five papers). Limiting factor and starting conditions in vegetation restoration Norbert Ho¨ lzel, Elise Buisson & Thierry Dutoit Ho¨ lzel, N. (corresponding author

Naud Frédéric

169

A Unified Approach for Indexed and Non-Indexed Spatial Joins  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

L. Arge, O. Procopiuc, S. Ramaswamy, T. Suel, J. Vahrenhold, and J. S. Vitter. A Unified Approach for Indexed and Non-Indexed Spatial Joins, Proceedings of the 7th International Conference on Extending Database Technology ...

Arge, Lars; Procopiuc, Octavian; Ramaswamy, Sridhar; Suel, Torsten; Vahrenhold, Jan; Vitter, Jeffrey Scott

2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

170

Joint Inverted Indexing Kaiming He2  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Joint Inverted Indexing Yan Xia1 Kaiming He2 Fang Wen2 Jian Sun2 1 University of Science and Technology of China 2 Microsoft Research Asia Abstract Inverted indexing is a popular non-exhaustive solution to large scale search. An inverted file is built by a quantizer such as k-means or a tree structure. It has

Bernstein, Phil

171

Local Incentive-Based Policy for Vegetable-Agroforestry: alocally...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Vegetable-Agroforestry: a locally-appropriate adaptation and mitigation action (LAAMA) to climate change Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: Local...

172

The effects of elephant and mesoherbivores on woody vegetation.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Herbivores are important drivers and have a longstanding history in shaping our terrestrial environments. However, during the past decades, changes in woody vegetation in savanna (more)

Lagendijk, Daisy Diana Georgette.

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

173

Forest Carbon Index | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Forest Carbon Index Forest Carbon Index Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: Forest Carbon Index Agency/Company /Organization: Resources for the Future Partner: United Nations Foundation Sector: Land Focus Area: Forestry Topics: Finance, GHG inventory, Market analysis Resource Type: Maps, Software/modeling tools User Interface: Website Website: www.forestcarbonindex.org/ Web Application Link: www.forestcarbonindex.org/maps.html Cost: Free References: Forest Carbon Index [1] The Forest Carbon Index (FCI) compiles and displays global data relating to biological, economic, governance, investment, and market readiness conditions for every forest and country in the world, revealing the best places and countries for forest carbon investments. Please use this site to

174

Microelectromechanical reciprocating-tooth indexing apparatus  

SciTech Connect

An indexing apparatus is disclosed that can be used to rotate a gear or move a rack in a precise, controllable manner. The indexing apparatus, based on a reciprocating shuttle driven by one or more actuators, can be formed either as a micromachine, or as a millimachine. The reciprocating shuttle of the indexing apparatus can be driven by a thermal, electrostatic or electromagnetic actuator, with one or more wedge-shaped drive teeth of the shuttle being moveable to engage and slide against indexing teeth on the gear or rack, thereby moving the gear or rack. The indexing apparatus can be formed by either surface micromachining processes or LIGA processes, depending on the size of the apparatus that is to be formed.

Allen, J.J..

1999-09-28T23:59:59.000Z

175

Microelectromechanical reciprocating-tooth indexing apparatus  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

An indexing apparatus is disclosed that can be used to rotate a gear or move a rack in a precise, controllable manner. The indexing apparatus, based on a reciprocating shuttle driven by one or more actuators, can be formed either as a micromachine, or as a millimachine. The reciprocating shuttle of the indexing apparatus can be driven by a thermal, electrostatic or electromagnetic actuator, with one or more wedge-shaped drive teeth of the shuttle being moveable to engage and slide against indexing teeth on the gear or rack, thereby moving the gear or rack. The indexing apparatus can be formed by either surface micromachining processes or LIGA processes, depending on the size of the apparatus that is to be formed.

Allen, James J. (Albuquerque, NM)

1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

176

Measuring High-Frequency Humidity, Temperature and Radio Refractive Index in the Surface Layer  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Three different instrument systems are compared in their ability to either directly or indirectly measure humidity, temperature, and refractive-index fluctuations. Each system consists of a basic instrumenta Lyman-? hygrometer, an infrared ...

J. T. Priestley; R. J. Hill

1985-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

177

Toward a mechanistic modeling of nitrogen limitation on vegetation dynamics  

SciTech Connect

Nitrogen is a dominant regulator of vegetation dynamics, net primary production, and terrestrial carbon cycles; however, most ecosystem models use a rather simplistic relationship between leaf nitrogen content and photosynthetic capacity. Such an approach does not consider how patterns of nitrogen allocation may change with differences in light intensity, growing-season temperature and CO{sub 2} concentration. To account for this known variability in nitrogen-photosynthesis relationships, we develop a mechanistic nitrogen allocation model based on a trade-off of nitrogen allocated between growth and storage, and an optimization of nitrogen allocated among light capture, electron transport, carboxylation, and respiration. The developed model is able to predict the acclimation of photosynthetic capacity to changes in CO{sub 2} concentration, temperature, and radiation when evaluated against published data of V{sub c,max} (maximum carboxylation rate) and J{sub max} (maximum electron transport rate). A sensitivity analysis of the model for herbaceous plants, deciduous and evergreen trees implies that elevated CO{sub 2} concentrations lead to lower allocation of nitrogen to carboxylation but higher allocation to storage. Higher growing-season temperatures cause lower allocation of nitrogen to carboxylation, due to higher nitrogen requirements for light capture pigments and for storage. Lower levels of radiation have a much stronger effect on allocation of nitrogen to carboxylation for herbaceous plants than for trees, resulting from higher nitrogen requirements for light capture for herbaceous plants. As far as we know, this is the first model of complete nitrogen allocation that simultaneously considers nitrogen allocation to light capture, electron transport, carboxylation, respiration and storage, and the responses of each to altered environmental conditions. We expect this model could potentially improve our confidence in simulations of carbon-nitrogen interactions and the vegetation feedbacks to climate in Earth system models.

Xu, Chonggang [Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL); Fisher, Rosie [National Center for Atmospheric Research (NCAR); Wullschleger, Stan D [ORNL; Wilson, Cathy [Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL); Cai, Michael [Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL); McDowell, Nathan [Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL)

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

178

Vegetation communities associated with the 100-Area and 200-Area facilities on the Hanford Site  

SciTech Connect

The Hanford Site, Benton County, Washington, lies within the broad semi-arid shrub-steppe vegetation zone of the Columbia Basin. Thirteen different habitat types on the Hanford Site have been mapped in Habitat Types on the Hanford Site: Wildlife and Plant Species of Concern (Downs et al. 1993). In a broad sense, this classification is correct. On a smaller scale, however, finer delineations are possible. This study was conducted to determine the plant communities and estimate vegetation cover in and directly adjacent to the 100 and 200 Areas, primarily in relation to waste sites, as part of a comprehensive ecological study for the Compensation Environmental Response, Compensation, and Liability Act (CERCLA) characterization of the 100 and 200 Areas. During the summer of 1993, field surveys were conducted and a map of vegetation communities in each area, including dominant species associations, was produced. The field surveys consisted of qualitative community delineations. The community delineations described were made by field reconnaissance and are qualitative in nature. The delineations were made by visually determining the dominant plant species or vegetation types and were based on the species most apparent at the time of inspection. Additionally, 38 transects were run in these plant communities to try to obtain a more accurate representation of the community. Because habitat disturbances from construction/operations activities continue to occur in these areas, users of this information should be cautious in applying these maps without a current ground survey. This work will complement large-scale habitat maps of the Hanford Site.

Stegen, J.A.

1994-01-17T23:59:59.000Z

179

Oak Woodland Vegetation Dynamics: A State and Transition Approach1  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

into a format that is sensible and accessible to natural resource managers. State and transition models have93 Oak Woodland Vegetation Dynamics: A State and Transition Approach1 Melvin R. George2 and Maximo and transition format. Keywords: Oak-woodlands, state and transition models, succession, vegetation dynamics

Standiford, Richard B.

180

FRUIT & VEGETABLE GROWERS MANUAL FOR THE BEGINNING GROWER  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

MINNESOTA FRUIT & VEGETABLE GROWERS MANUAL FOR THE BEGINNING GROWER Developed by the University & Outreach Assistance Partnership Program through a partnership agreement with the Minnesota Fruit before I harvest my produce? 135 3. When should I harvest my fruits and vegetables? 136 4. How should I

Amin, S. Massoud

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "difference vegetation index" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


181

ASSISTANT PROFESSOR Sustainable Vegetable Production and Nutrition Systems  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

management that builds collaboratively on MSU's strengths in vegetable production and sustainable croppingASSISTANT PROFESSOR Sustainable Vegetable Production and Nutrition Systems The Department of Horticulture (http://www.hrt.msu.edu) in the College of Agriculture and Natural Resources at Michigan State

Isaacs, Rufus

182

Soil and Vegetation Maps of the Belgian Congo  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

... fascicles containing land-usage maps published by the Institut National pour l'Etude Agronomique du Congo Beige "Carte des Sols et de la Vegetation du ... Beige "Carte des Sols et de la Vegetation du Congo Beige et du Ruanda-TJrundi" (Brussels, 1954). Each fascicle contains a soil ...

1955-02-05T23:59:59.000Z

183

Stand establishment: Researching operational vegetation management scenarios designed to  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

vegetation management. Promote reforestation success such that survival, wood-crop biomass and growth of young plantations from seedling establishment through crown closure with an emphasis on operational five years of plantation establishment Summit Sweet Home Vegetation Management Principle #3 All plants

184

Translational genomics of Vegetable Crops Las Vegas, NV  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Translational genomics of Vegetable Crops Las Vegas, NV July 21, 2005 David Francis and Allen Van Deynze At the recent ASHS meetings in Las Vegas, a workshop "Translational Genomics of Vegetable Crops interventions" (Minna and Gazdar, 1996). In applied plant science, "translational genomics" implies

Douches, David S.

185

Vegetable and Melons Yearbook Data Tables | Data.gov  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Vegetable and Melons Yearbook Data Tables Vegetable and Melons Yearbook Data Tables Agriculture Community Menu DATA APPS EVENTS DEVELOPER STATISTICS COLLABORATE ABOUT Agriculture You are here Data.gov » Communities » Agriculture » Data Vegetable and Melons Yearbook Data Tables Dataset Summary Description Production, acreage, value, prices, imports, exports, per capita use, and beginning stocks for major fresh market and processed vegetables, 1970 onward. Also includes data for potatoes, sweet potatoes, dry beans and peas, and fresh and processed mushrooms. Tags {"United States","Economic Research Service",prices,value,imports,exports,"per capita use","beginning stocks",vegetables,"fresh market",processed,potatoes,"sweet potatoes","dry beans",peas,"fresh muschrooms","processed mushrooms",mushrooms}

186

EA-1728: Integrated Vegetation Management on the Hanford Site, Richland,  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

728: Integrated Vegetation Management on the Hanford Site, 728: Integrated Vegetation Management on the Hanford Site, Richland, Washington EA-1728: Integrated Vegetation Management on the Hanford Site, Richland, Washington Summary This EA evaluates the environmental impacts from vegetation management in the "project area" of the Hanford Site. The project area excludes most of the Hanford Reach National Monument that is managed by the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service (USFWS) under permit from DOE. Vegetation managment under the EA would be consistent with and complement similar efforts currently being performed by the USFWS on the Monument. Based on the analyses in the EA, DOE determined that the proposed action is not a major federal action that would significantly affect the quality of the human environment within the meaning of NEPA, and that preparation of

187

EA-1728: Integrated Vegetation Management on the Hanford Site, Richland,  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

28: Integrated Vegetation Management on the Hanford Site, 28: Integrated Vegetation Management on the Hanford Site, Richland, Washington EA-1728: Integrated Vegetation Management on the Hanford Site, Richland, Washington Summary This EA evaluates the environmental impacts from vegetation management in the "project area" of the Hanford Site. The project area excludes most of the Hanford Reach National Monument that is managed by the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service (USFWS) under permit from DOE. Vegetation managment under the EA would be consistent with and complement similar efforts currently being performed by the USFWS on the Monument. Based on the analyses in the EA, DOE determined that the proposed action is not a major federal action that would significantly affect the quality of the human environment within the meaning of NEPA, and that preparation of

188

A simple method to estimate actual evapotranspiration from a combination of net radiation, vegetation index, and temperature  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

and the dynamic nature of heat transfer processes. Satellite remote sensing is a promising tool which has been] Satellite remote sensing is a promising technique for estimating global or regional evapotranspiration (ET). A simple and accurate method is essential when estimating ET using remote sensing data. Such a method

Li, Zhanqing

189

Satellite image texture and a vegetation index predict avian biodiversity in the Chihuahuan Desert of New Mexico  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

., Fort Bliss, TX 79916, USA. Predicting broad-scale patterns of biodiversity is challenging, particularly for forty-two 108 ha plots in the McGregor Range of Fort Bliss Military Reserve between 1996 and 1998. Six

Radeloff, Volker C.

190

Energy Development Index (EDI) | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Energy Development Index (EDI) Energy Development Index (EDI) Jump to: navigation, search LEDSGP green logo.png FIND MORE DIA TOOLS This tool is part of the Development Impacts Assessment (DIA) Toolkit from the LEDS Global Partnership. Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: Energy Development Index (EDI) Agency/Company /Organization: International Energy Agency (IEA) Sector: Climate User Interface: Website Complexity/Ease of Use: Simple Website: www.worldenergyoutlook.org/resources/energydevelopment/measuringenergy Cost: Free Related Tools IGES GHG Calculator For Solid Waste Ex Ante Appraisal Carbon-Balance Tool (EX-ACT) Healthcare Energy Impact Calculator ... further results An index which is a composite measure of a country's progress in transitioning to modern fuels and modern energy services, as a means to

191

A VALIDATION INDEX FOR ARTIFICIAL NEURAL NETWORKS  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A VALIDATION INDEX FOR ARTIFICIAL NEURAL NETWORKS Stephen Roberts, Lionel Tarassenko, James Pardey and estimation properties of artificial neural networks. Like many `traditional' statistical techniques & David Siegwart Neural Network Research Group Department of Engineering Science University of Oxford, UK

Roberts, Stephen

192

Index of /~walther/teach/265/matlab  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Index of /~walther/teach/265/matlab. [ICO], Name Last modified Size Description. [DIR], Parent Directory, -. [TXT], dotprod.m, 29-Dec-2009 13:55, 1.1K. [TXT]...

193

How to Construct a Seasonal Index  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

For many crops, seasonality is often the dominant factor influencing prices within a single production period. This publication explains how to construct and use several kinds of seasonal indexes for crop marketing information....

Tierney Jr., William I.; Waller, Mark L.; Amosson, Stephen H.

1999-07-12T23:59:59.000Z

194

Introduction of a Cooling Fan Efficiency Index  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Cooling Effect, Fan Power, and Cooling-Fan Efficiency Index?t eq ) C F Fan Power, W (P f ) Cooling-Fan Efficiency (The measured cooling effect and fan power and the determined

Schiavon, Stefano; Melikov, Arsen

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

195

Estimating UV Index Climatology over Canada  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Hourly UV index values at 45 sites in Canada were estimated using a statistical relationship between UV irradiance and global solar radiation, total ozone, and dewpoint temperature. The estimation method also takes into account the enhancement of ...

V. E. Fioletov; J. B. Kerr; L. J. B. McArthur; D. I. Wardle; T. W. Mathews

2003-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

196

Impact of a modified data capture period on Liu comorbidity index scores in Medicare enrollees initiating chronic dialysis  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

correlation coefficient was es- timated, along with 95% confidence intervals. To further evaluate the Modified Liu Index 190 as an estimate of the original Liu Index, we conducted a one-sample t-test of the score difference to test for bias (indicated... of subjects whose differences were zero, within one, two, three, four, and five were estimated along with their corresponding 95% Wald confidence intervals. A histogram of the scorescores standard deviation for the original index and the modified index were...

Rigler, Sally K.; Wetmore, James B.; Mahnken, Jonathan D.; Dong, Lei; Ellerbeck, Edward F.; Shireman, Theresa I.

2013-01-27T23:59:59.000Z

197

A fast indexing algorithm for sparse matrices  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A FAST INDEXING ALGORITHM FOR SPARSE MATRICES A Thesis ALVIN EDWARD NIEDER Submitted to the Graduate College of Texas Algal University in partial fulfillment of the requirement for the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE December 1/71 Major Subject... INDEXING ALGORITHM FOR SPARSE MATRICES (December, 1/71) Alvin Edward Nieder B. S. , Texas AEZ University Directed by: Dr. Udo Pooch A sparse matrix is defined to be a matrix con- taining a high proportion of elements that are zeros. Sparse matrices...

Nieder, Alvin Edward

1971-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

198

CHANGES IN RIPARIAN VEGETATION IN THE SOUTHWESTERN UNITED STATES: Floods and Riparian Vegetation on the San Juan River, Southeastern Utah  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

CHANGES IN RIPARIAN VEGETATION IN THE SOUTHWESTERN UNITED STATES: Floods and Riparian Vegetation (Surveyed Water Surface Elevation) 113 m3/s (Calculated Water Surface Elevation) 4,200 m3 /s (1911 Flood) 1,980 m3 /s (Peak Flood of Gaging Record) 900 m3/s 1911 Slackwater Deposits Driftwood Other Historic

199

Interactions among flow, sediment deposition and aquatic vegetation in a channel  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Aquatic vegetation is commonly present in rivers in many forms. This thesis consists of two studies, which examine the flow structure around a patch of emergent, rigid vegetation in a laboratory channel. The vegetation ...

Zong, Lijun

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

200

The Spectral Index Distribution of EGRET Blazars: Prospects for GLAST  

SciTech Connect

The intrinsic distribution of spectral indices in GeV energies of gamma-ray-loud blazars is a critical input in determining the spectral shape of the unresolved blazar contribution to the diffuse extragalactic gamma-ray background, as well as an important test of blazar emission theories. We present a maximum-likelihood method of determining the intrinsic spectral index distribution (ISID) of a population of {gamma}-ray emitters which accounts for error in measurement of individual spectral indices, and we apply it to EGRET blazars. We find that the most likely Gaussian ISID for EGRET blazars has a mean of 2.27 and a standard deviation of 0.20. We additionally find some indication that FSRQs and BL Lacs may have different ISIDs (with BL Lacs being harder). We also test for spectral index hardening associated with blazar variability for which we find no evidence. Finally, we produce simulated GLAST spectral index datasets and perform the same analyses. With improved statistics due to the much larger number of resolvable blazars, GLAST data will help us determine the ISIDs with much improved accuracy. Should any difference exist between the ISIDs of BL Lacs and FSRQs or between the ISIDs of blazars in the quiescent and flaring states, GLAST data will be adequate to separate these ISIDs at a significance better than 3{sigma}.

Venters, Tonia M.; Pavlidou, Vasiliki; /SLAC

2011-11-29T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "difference vegetation index" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


201

Semiotic indexing of digital resources  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A method of classifying a plurality of documents. The method includes steps of providing a first set of classification terms and a second set of classification terms, the second set of classification terms being different from the first set of classification terms; generating a first frequency array of a number of occurrences of each term from the first set of classification terms in each document; generating a second frequency array of a number of occurrences of each term from the second set of classification terms in each document; generating a first similarity matrix from the first frequency array; generating a second similarity matrix from the second frequency array; determining an entrywise combination of the first similarity matrix and the second similarity matrix; and clustering the plurality of documents based on the result of the entrywise combination.

Parker, Charles T; Garrity, George M

2014-12-02T23:59:59.000Z

202

Fusion of finger types for fingerprint indexing using minutiae quadruplets  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Accuracy, security and efficiency are the drivers for exploiting multibiometric systems. A multi-modal or multibiometric system is relatively more secure than a single-biometric system as a result of the rich biometric content, lower error rates and resilience to impostor attacks. The availability and easy acquisition of the ten prints of an individual with fewer resources, give multi-finger biometric fusion scheme an advantage over other fusion schemes based on different biometric modalities. In this paper, multi-finger indexing is proposed using minutiae quadruplets in combination with a clustering scheme. Four, five and ten fingerprints from a subject are fused at the rank level using the highest rank rule. The minutiae quadruplet features are observed to be robust and the clustering scheme assists in quickly identifying a list of potential candidates in the gallery database. Results from the experiments show good performance of the fusion scheme with minutiae quadruplet features in fingerprint indexing.

Ogechukwu N. Iloanusi

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

203

fruits and vegetables. Beyond tasting and learning about the many varieties of tomatoes, visitors are also  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

fruits and vegetables. Beyond tasting and learning about the many varieties of tomatoes, visitors and other fruit, vegetable, and herb variety research conducted by Rutgers New Jersey Agricultural

204

E-Print Network 3.0 - amazonian vegetation coupled Sample Search...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

in Amazonia L. R. Hutyra,1,2 Summary: and resilience of Amazonian vegetation to climate change by analyzing observed climate-vegetation relationships... coupled changes...

205

Development and application of a transient well index  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

transient well index and the Peaceman well index were compared to analytical solutions. A good match was observed between simulated well tests using the proposed transient well index and the corresponding analytical solutions, even on coarse grids (e...

Yildiz, Tabiat Tan

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

206

Hydrologic and Vegetative Removal of Cryptosporidium parvum, Giardia lamblia, and Toxoplasma gondii Surrogate Microspheres in Coastal Wetlands  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...in higher-density aquatic solutions. In addition...However, different aquatic plants may vary in their...commonly used for landscape restoration. The presence of bulrush...vegetation within wetland restoration projects will not only promote healthier ecosystems but also enhance parasite...

Jennifer N. Hogan; Miles E. Daniels; Fred G. Watson; Stori C. Oates; Melissa A. Miller; Patricia A. Conrad; Karen Shapiro; Dane Hardin; Clare Dominik; Ann Melli; David A. Jessup; Woutrina A. Miller

2013-01-11T23:59:59.000Z

207

Indexes to Nuclear Regulatory Commission Issuances, January 1996--June 1996  

SciTech Connect

Digests and indexes for issuances of the Commission, the Atomic Safety and Licensing Board Panel, The Administrative Law Judges, the Director`s Decisions, and the Decisions on Petitions for Rulemaking are presented in this document. The digests and indexes are intended to serve as a guide to the issuances. Information elements common the cases hear and ruled upon are displayed in one or more of five formats: case name index, headers and digests, legal citations index, subject index, and facility index.

NONE

1996-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

208

Efficient Update of Indexes for Dynamically Changing Web Documents  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

to index documents crawled from the web. Complete index rebuild at high frequency is expensive. Previous work on incremental inverted index updates have been restricted to adding and removing documents. Updating the inverted index for previously indexed... rebuild method is twice as fast as a complete rebuild. The partial rebuild method uses an array-based implementation of the inverted index, because the set of inserted documents is of the same magnitude as the set of common documents. As the update...

Lim, Lipyeow; Wang, Min; Padmanabhan, Sriram; Vitter, Jeffrey Scott; Agarwal, Ramesh

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

209

Master index for the carbon dioxide research state-of-the-art report series  

SciTech Connect

Four State of the Art (SOA) reports, ''Atmospheric Carbon Dioxide and the Global Carbon Cycle,'' ''Direct Effects of Increasing Carbon Dioxide on Vegetation,'' ''Detecting the Climatic Effects of Increasing Carbon Dioxide,'' and ''Projecting the Climatic Effects of Increasing Carbon Dioxide,'' and two companion reports, ''Characterization of Information Requirements for Studies of CO/sub 2/ Effects: Water Resources, Agriculture, Fisheries, Forests and Human Health'' and ''Glaciers, Ice Sheets, and Sea Level: Effect of a CO/sub 2/-Induced Climatic Change,'' were published by the US Department of Energy's Carbon Dioxide Research Division. Considerable information on atmospheric carbon dioxide and its possible effects on world climate is summarized in these six volumes. Each volume has its own index, but to make the information that is distributed throughout the six volumes more accessible and usable, comprehensive citation and subject indexes have been compiled. The subject indexes of the individual volumes have been edited to provide a uniformity from volume to volume and also to draw distinctions not needed in the separate volumes' indexes. Also, the comprehensive subject index has been formatted in a matrix arrangement to graphically show the distribution of subject treatment from volume to volume. Other aids include cross references between the scientific and common names of the animals and plants referred to, a glossary of special terms used, tables of data and conversion factors related to the data, and explanations of the acronyms and initialisms used in the texts of the six volumes. The executive summaries of the six volumes are collected and reproduced to allow the readers interested in the contents of one volume to rapidly gain information on the contents of the other volumes.

Farrell, M P [ed.

1987-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

210

Plant community composition and vegetation height, Barrow, Alaska, Ver. 1  

DOE Data Explorer (OSTI)

This dataset contains i) the results of field surveys of plant community composition and vegetation height made between 17th and 29th July 2012 in 48, 1 x 1 m plots located in areas A-D of Intensive Site 1 at the Next-Generation Ecosystem Experiments (NGEE) Arctic site near Barrow, Alaska and ii) results of a mapping exercise undertaken in August 2013 using two perpendicular transects across each polygon containing vegetation plots to determine the boundaries of vegetation communities described in 2012.

Sloan, Victoria; Norby, Richard; Siegrist, Julia; Iversen, Colleen; Brooks, Jonathan; Liebig, Jennifer; Wood, Sarah

211

Plant community composition and vegetation height, Barrow, Alaska, Ver. 1  

SciTech Connect

This dataset contains i) the results of field surveys of plant community composition and vegetation height made between 17th and 29th July 2012 in 48, 1 x 1 m plots located in areas A-D of Intensive Site 1 at the Next-Generation Ecosystem Experiments (NGEE) Arctic site near Barrow, Alaska and ii) results of a mapping exercise undertaken in August 2013 using two perpendicular transects across each polygon containing vegetation plots to determine the boundaries of vegetation communities described in 2012.

Sloan, Victoria; Norby, Richard; Siegrist, Julia; Iversen, Colleen; Brooks, Jonathan; Liebig, Jennifer; Wood, Sarah

2014-04-25T23:59:59.000Z

212

Photoinduced Refractive Index Change of a Photochromic Diarylethene Polymer  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Photoinduced Refractive Index Change of a Photochromic Diarylethene Polymer ... After completion of n-butyllithium addition, the cooling bath was removed. ... Refractive indexes of org. ...

Eunkyoung Kim; Yun-Ki Choi; Myung-Hyun Lee

1999-07-02T23:59:59.000Z

213

DOERS Records Schedule Cross Index to DOE Administrative Records...  

Office of Environmental Management (EM)

DOERS Records Schedule Cross Index to DOE Administrative Records Disposition Schedules DOERS Records Schedule Cross Index to DOE Administrative Records Disposition Schedules...

214

Regularized energy-dependent solar flare hard x-ray spectral index  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The deduction from solar flare X-ray photon spectroscopic data of the energy dependent model-independent spectral index is considered as an inverse problem. Using the well developed regularization approach we analyze the energy dependency of spectral index for a high resolution energy spectrum provided by Ramaty High Energy Solar Spectroscopic Imager (RHESSI). The regularization technique produces much smoother derivatives while avoiding additional errors typical of finite differences. It is shown that observations imply a spectral index varying significantly with energy, in a way that also varies with time as the flare progresses. The implications of these findings are discussed in the solar flare context.

Eduard P. Kontar; Alexander L. MacKinnon

2005-06-05T23:59:59.000Z

215

Transient productivity index for numerical well test simulations  

SciTech Connect

The most difficult aspect of numerical simulation of well tests is the treatment of the Bottom Hole Flowing (BHF) Pressure. In full field simulations, this pressure is derived from the Well-block Pressure (WBP) using a numerical productivity index which accounts for the grid size and permeability, and for the well completion. This productivity index is calculated assuming a pseudo-steady state flow regime in the vicinity of the well and is therefore constant during the well production period. Such a pseudo-steady state assumption is no longer valid for the early time of a well test simulation as long as the pressure perturbation has not reached several grid-blocks around the well. This paper offers two different solutions to this problem: (1) The first one is based on the derivation of a Numerical Transient Productivity Index (NTPI) to be applied to Cartesian grids; (2) The second one is based on the use of a Corrected Transmissibility and Accumulation Term (CTAT) in the flow equation. The representation of the pressure behavior given by both solutions is far more accurate than the conventional one as shown by several validation examples which are presented in the following pages.

Blanc, G.; Ding, D.Y.; Ene, A. [Institut Francais du Petrole, Pau (France)] [and others

1997-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

216

1 Emerging versus developed volatility indexes. The comparison of VIW20 and VIX index.1  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Modeling of financial markets volatility is one of the most significant issues of contemporary finance, especially while analyzing high-frequency data. Accurate quantification and forecast of volatility are of immense importance in risk management (VaR models, stress testing and worst case scenario), models of capital market and options valuation techniques. What we show in this paper is the methodology for calculating volatility index for Polish capital market (VIW20 index anticipating expected volatility of WIG20 index). The methods presented are based on VIX index (VIX White Paper, 2003) and enriched with necessary modifications corresponding with the character of Polish options market. Quoted on CBOE, VIX index is currently known as the best measure of capital investment risk perfectly illustrating the level of fear and emotions of market participants. The conception of volatility index is based on combination of realized volatility and implied volatility which, using methodology of Derman et al. (1999) and reconstructing volatility surface, reflects both volatility smile as well as its term structure. The research is carried out using high-frequency data (i.e. tick data) for index options on WIG20 index for the period November 2003- May 2007, in other words, starting with the introduction of options by Warsaw Stock

Robert ?lepaczuk; Grzegorz Zakrzewski

217

Relation between premium of a CDS index and premiums of the index components  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

and investment and thanks to standardization by the International Swaps and Derivatives Association, CDS becomes risk (See e.g., Hull, 2000; Chaplin, 2005). It is a contract that provides protection against a default, the buyer of the CDS index contract pays premium in return for loss protection. If any name in the index

Walker, Michael B.

218

EIS-0442: Reauthorization of Permits, Maintenance, and Vegetation  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

42: Reauthorization of Permits, Maintenance, and Vegetation 42: Reauthorization of Permits, Maintenance, and Vegetation Management on Western Area Power Administration Transmission Lines on Forest Service Lands, Colorado, Nebraska, and Utah EIS-0442: Reauthorization of Permits, Maintenance, and Vegetation Management on Western Area Power Administration Transmission Lines on Forest Service Lands, Colorado, Nebraska, and Utah Summary This EIS is being prepared jointly by DOE's Western Area Power Administration and the U.S. Forest Service. The EIS evaluates the potential environmental impacts of Western's proposed changes to vegetation management along its transmission line rights-of-way on National Forest System lands in Colorado, Utah, and Nebraska. The EIS website is http://ww2.wapa.gov/sites/western/transmission/infrastruct/Pages/Western%20FS%20EIS.aspx.

219

Microsoft PowerPoint - Town Bluff Vegetation impact.ppt  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

's. In 1989 the used for the Lake constructed in the 1950's. In 1989 the 's. In 1989 the used for the Lake constructed in the 1950's. In 1989 the dam was modified for the installation of Robert D. Willis dam was modified for the installation of Robert D. Willis Power Plant. The plant has two S Power Plant. The plant has two S - - Tube type turbines Tube type turbines which operate generators nominally rated at 4Mwh each. which operate generators nominally rated at 4Mwh each. Actual power production has rarely exceeded 3.6Mwh Actual power production has rarely exceeded 3.6Mwh Invasive species of Vegetation has increased to the Invasive species of Vegetation has increased to the point that an aquatic vegetation control program is being point that an aquatic vegetation control program is being managed by Town Bluff in coordination with TPWD and managed by Town Bluff in coordination with TPWD and

220

Linking Models and Data on Vegetation Structure Submitted to  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Linking Models and Data on Vegetation Structure Submitted to: Journal of Geophysical Research the original development of "Nachhaltigkeit" or in English "sustainability" with the Germans in the mid-18th

Moorcroft, Paul R.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "difference vegetation index" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


221

Drag, turbulence, and diffusion in flow through emergent vegetation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Aquatic plants convert mean kinetic energy into turbulent kinetic energy at the scale of the plant stems and branches. This energy transfer, linked to wake generation, affects vegetative drag and turbulence intensity. ...

Nepf, Heidi

222

Further Tests of Vegetable Varieties for the Winter Garden Region.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Watermelon 3 8 Summary of Promising Varieties 42 AcknowIedgments Literature Cited BULLETIN NO. 546 JULY , 1937 FURTHER TESTS OF VEGETABLE VARIETIES FOR THE WINTER GARDEN REGION By Leslie R. Hawthorn, Horticulturist, Substation No. 19, Winter Haven...

Hawthorn, L. R. (Leslie Rushton)

1937-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

223

Investigation of Soil Moisture - Vegetation Interactions in Oklahoma  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

, but not well understood climate factor. This study examines soil moisture-vegetation health interactions using both in situ observations and land surface model simulations. For the observational study, soil moisture is taken from 20 in situ Oklahoma Mesonet...

Ford, Trenton W.

2013-03-06T23:59:59.000Z

224

British Society for the Promotion of Vegetable Research  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

... the Society 150 acres of land which it owns at Paglesham, Essex, for a substation primarily to be used for the multiplication of stocks of seed of vegetables bred at ...

1949-10-22T23:59:59.000Z

225

BPA's Vegetation Management Program - Fact Sheet - May 2006  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

and encroachments that could hinder BPA's ability to access and maintain its lines. BPA manages the vegetation on and near its rights-of-way to keep people safe and the system...

226

EIS-0097: Bonneville Power Administration Transmission Facilities Vegetation Management Program  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

The U.S. Department of Energys Bonneville Power Administration prepared this statement to assess the potential environmental and socioeconomic implications of various alternatives associated with implementing a vegetation management program.

227

Spatial distribution of deposition within a patch of vegetation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This laboratory study describes the spatial pattern of deposition observed in a patch of vegetation located at the wall of a channel. There are two sources of sediment flux to the patch: the advection of particles across ...

Zong, Lijun

228

Managing Insect and Mite Pests in Vegetable Gardens  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

insects and other pests. Understanding insects About 30,000 species of insects are found in Texas; fewer than 100 routinely cause problems in vegetable gardens. Most garden insects are either incidental or beneficial when they help with pol- lination...

Jackman, John A.

2008-02-19T23:59:59.000Z

229

Berkeley Lab A to Z Index: S  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Safety Advisory Committee Safety Advisory Committee Safety and Hazardous Waste (Facilities Division) Safety Concerns Safety Culture Improvement Safety Spot Award Program (EHS) Safety Training (EHS) Safety Walkaround Checklist For Directorate/Operations Dec 2013 Salary Ranges and Classification Description Index Salvage (Waste Minimization) Science Articles Archive About the Research at the Lab Science Beat (current issue) Science Beat (index of back issues) Science and Technology Seminars Scientific and Technical Reports (Catalog 1989 to present) Scientific Cluster Support Scientific Conferences and Workshops Scientific Programs Seaborg: Glenn Seaborg's Life & Contributions Search lab-wide web sites Security Access Managers (SAM) Security and You Awareness Program (downloadable slides)

230

4d index to 3d index and 2d topological quantum field theory  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We compute the 4d superconformal index for N=1, 2 gauge theories on S1L(p,1), where L(p,1) is a lens space. We find that the 4d N=1, 2 index on S1L(p,1) reduces to a 3d N=2, 4 index on S1S2 in the large p limit, and to a 3d partition function on a squashed L(p,1) when the size of the temporal S1 shrinks to zero. As an application of our index, we study 4d N=2 superconformal field theories arising from the 6d N=(2,0) A1 theory on a punctured Riemann surface ?, and conjecture the existence of a 2d topological quantum field theory on ? whose correlation function coincides with the 4d N=2 index on S1L(p,1).

Francesco Benini; Tatsuma Nishioka; Masahito Yamazaki

2012-09-10T23:59:59.000Z

231

Use of soil and vegetation spectroradiometry to investigate crop water use efficiency of a drip irrigated tomato  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract An agronomic research was conducted in Tuscany (Central Italy) to evaluate the effects of an advanced irrigation system on the water use efficiency (WUE) of a tomato crop and to investigate the ability of soil and vegetation spectroradiometry to detect and map WUE. Irrigation was applied following an innovative approach based on CropSense system. Soil water content was monitored at four soil depths (10, 20, 30 and 50cm) by a probe. Rainfall during the crop cycle reached 162mm and irrigation water applied with a drip system amounted to 207mm, distributed with 16 irrigation events. Tomato yield varied from 7.10 to 14.4kgm?2, with a WUE ranging from 19.1 to 38.9kgm?3. The irrigation system allowed a high yield levels and a low depth of water applied, as compared to seasonal ET crop estimated with Hargraves formula and with the literature data on irrigated tomato. Measurements were carried out on geo-referenced points to gather information on crop (crop yield, eighteen Vegetation indices, leaf area index) and on soil (spectroradiometric and traditional analysis). Eight VIs, out of nineteen ones analyzed, showed a significant relationship with georeferenced yield data; PVI maps seemed able to return the best response, before harvesting, to improve the knowledge of the area of cultivation and irrigation system. CropSense irrigation system reduced seasonal irrigation volumes. Some vegetation indexes were significantly correlated to tomato yield and well identify, a posteriori, crop area with low WUE; spectroradiometry can be a valuable tool to improve irrigated tomato field management.

S. Marino; M. Aria; B. Basso; A.P. Leone; A. Alvino

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

232

Vegetation mosaic and deer distribution in south Texas  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

VEGETATION MOSAIC AND DEER DISTRIBUTION IN SOUTH TEXAS A Thesis MARTIN N. TCHAMBA Submitted to the Graduate College of Texas ASM University in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE May 1988 Major... Subject: Wildlife and Fisheries Sciences VEGETATION MOSAIC AND DEER DISTRIBUTION IN SOUTH TEXAS A Thesis by Martin N. Tchamba Approved as to style and content by: L le H. Blankenship (Co-Chairman) Jane M. Packard (Co-Chairman) ar W. Varner...

Tchamba, Martin N.

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

233

Crop specific green area index retrieval from MODIS data at regional scale by controlling pixel-target adequacy  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Information on vegetation status can be retrieved from satellite observations by modelling and inverting canopy radiative transfer. Agricultural monitoring and yield forecasting could greatly benefit from such techniques by coupling crop growth models with crop specific information through data assimilation. An indicator which would be particularly interesting to obtain from remote sensing is the total surface of photosynthetically active plant tissue, or green area index (GAI). Currently, the major limitation is that the imagery that can be used operationally and economically over large areas with high temporal frequency has a coarse spatial resolution. This paper demonstrates how it is possible to characterise the regional crop specific GAI range along with its temporal dynamic using MODIS imagery by controlling the degree at which the observation footprints of the coarse pixels fall within the crop-specific mask delineating the target. This control is done by modelling the instrument's point spread function and by filtering out less reliable GAI estimations in both the spatial and temporal dimensions using thresholds on 3 variables: pixel purity, observation coverage and view zenith angle. The difference in performance between MODIS and fine spatial resolution to estimate the median GAI of a given crop over a 40נ40km study region can be reduced to a RMSE of 0.053m2/m2. The consistency between fine and coarse spatial resolution GAI estimations suggests a possible instrument synergy whereby the high temporal resolution of MODIS provides the general GAI trajectory and while high spatial resolution can be used to estimate the local GAI spatial heterogeneity.

Grgory Duveiller; Frdric Baret; Pierre Defourny

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

234

Map of mixed prairie grassland vegetation, Rocky Flats, Colorado  

SciTech Connect

A color vegetation map at the scale of 1:12,000 of the area surrounding the Rocky Flats, Rockwell International Plant near Boulder, Colorado, provides a permanent record of baseline data which can be used to monitor changes in both vegetation and environment and thus to contribute to future land management and land-use policies. Sixteen mapping units based on species composition were identified, and characterized by two 10-m/sup 2/ vegetation stands each. These were grouped into prairie, pasture, and valley side on the basis of their species composition. Both the mapping units and these major groups were later confirmed by agglomerative clustering analysis of the 32 vegetation stands on the basis of species composition. A modified Bray and Curtis ordination was used to determine the environmental factor complexes controlling the distribution of vegetation at Rocky flats. Recommendations are made for future policies of environmental management and predictions of the response to environmental change of the present vegetation at the Rocky Flats site.

Clark, S J.V.; Webber, P J; Komarkova, V; Weber, W A

1980-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

235

Gradient index liquid crystal devices and method of fabrication thereof  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Laser beam apodizers using cholesteric liquid crystals provides soft edge profile by use of two separate cholesteric liquid crystal mixtures with different selective reflection bands which in an overlap region have a gradient index where reflectivity changes as a function of position. The apodizers can be configured as a one-dimensional beam apod INTRODUCTION The U.S. government has rights in the invention under Contract No. DE-FC03-85DP40200 between the University of Rochester and the Department of Energy.

Lee, J.C.; Jacobs, S.

1991-10-29T23:59:59.000Z

236

Uncertainty analysis of vegetation distribution in the northern high latitudes during the 21st century with a dynamic vegetation model  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This study aims to assess how high-latitude vegetation may respond under various climate scenarios during the 21st century with a focus on analyzing model parameters induced uncertainty and how this uncertainty compares ...

Jiang, Yueyang

237

Constructing the FEEM sustainability index: A Choquet integral application  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract This paper presents the development of the FEEM sustainability index (FEEM SI), a composite index including 19 different indicators grouped in the three classical pillars of sustainability economic, social and environmental. We present the relevance of multi-attribute aggregation methodologies when dealing with such complex concepts and apply an aggregation methodology used for this case study: the Choquet integral operator. First, we normalize each sustainability indicator with the use of a benchmarking procedure with a smooth target of sustainability. We then develop an aggregation tree of sustainability criteria and a questionnaire to measure the values that experts attribute to individual sustainability criteria and their interaction. This survey suggests that a majority of experts consider sustainability criteria as complementary to each other. After combining the preferences of different experts to establish a consensus, we construct the FEEM SI using the Choquet integral aggregation procedure. The results for sustainability levels show that countries that are ranked at higher (lower) positions are those that have better (worse) outcomes in at least in two final pillars, respectively. Finally, we conduct a robustness analysis by repeating the aggregation procedure with different convex combinations of experts preferences. The results indicate that, while sustainability levels of countries do vary with the expert preferences, countries respective rankings remain mainly the same, irrespective of the combination of experts preferences.

Mehmet Pinar; Caterina Cruciani; Silvio Giove; Matteo Sostero

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

238

Advection, dispersion, and filtration of fine particles within emergent vegetation of the Florida Everglades  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

.g., phosphorous) [Sansalone and Buchberger, 1997; Noe et al., 2007]. [3] Wetland vegetation influences flow

239

Vegetation responses in Alaskan arctic tundra after 8 years of a summer warming and winter snow  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

by insulating vegetation from winter wind and temperature extremes, modifying winter soil temperatures

Ickert-Bond, Steffi

240

Taylor approximation for symmetric level-index arithmetic processing  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......Keywords: symmetric level-index; Taylor expansion; computer...In the symmetric level-index (SLI) system the representation...necessary for the successful completion of computation. One example...originators of the level-index and symmetric level-index......

Xunyang Shen; Peter R. Turner

2006-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "difference vegetation index" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


241

Final Report DEVELOPMENTOF A SURFACEWATER SUPPLY INDEX  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Final Report DEVELOPMENTOF A SURFACEWATER SUPPLY INDEX FOR THE WESTERN UNITED STATES NolanJ. Doesken ThomasB. McKee JohnKleist Colorado Climate Center Department of Atmospheric Science Colorado State University Fort Collins, Colorado 80523 (303) 491-8545 October 1991 Climatology Report #91

242

Biotechnology index: Biotechnology beats bull market  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

... Reflecting the US stock market's sudden surge in August, Nature's monthly index of biotechnology company stocks jumped 18.1 per cent from the base of 100 at which it ... at which it began last June (Nature 12 August, p.599).

Deborah Shapley

1982-09-09T23:59:59.000Z

243

Video Indexing Based on Mosaic Representations  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

1 Video Indexing Based on Mosaic Representations Michal Irani P. Anandan Abstract| Video is a rich is implicitly buried inside the raw video data, and is provided with the cost of very high temporal redundancy. While the standard sequential form of video storage is ad- equate for viewing in a "movie mode

Shapiro, Ehud

244

sask.ca/rese earch/index  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

. Energy: Production and Processing, Transport, Electrical Energy and Utilization..17 4. Information/index ampus Dr n, Saskatc da S7N 5 rch Re x.php?cmd= rive chewan 5A9 eport =tree_node P eID22 Page ii #12

Saskatchewan, University of

245

Atlas Finding Aid Contents/Index  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Atlas Finding Aid Contents/Index A (1) City & State Atlas A (2) Astronomy Atlas A (3) U.S. Atlas A (4) Water Atlas A (5) South America & Central America A (6) Africa, Asia, &, Antarctica A (7) Mexico A (8) Geologic Atlases A (9) Environment / Forest & Desert A (10) Historic Atlases A (11) World Atlases

Ward, Karen

246

Low Carbon Economy Index 2010 | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Low Carbon Economy Index 2010 Low Carbon Economy Index 2010 Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary Name: Low Carbon Economy Index 2010 Agency/Company /Organization: PricewaterhouseCoopers Sector: Energy, Land Topics: Co-benefits assessment, Low emission development planning Resource Type: Publications Website: www.pwc.co.uk/ Low Carbon Economy Index 2010 Screenshot References: Low Carbon Economy Index 2010[1] "PwC re-examines the progress of the G20 economies against the Low Carbon Achievement and Low Carbon Challenge Index. This post- Copenhagen report provides an update on the progress over 2009." Low Carbon Economy Index 2010 References ↑ "Low Carbon Economy Index 2010" Retrieved from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=Low_Carbon_Economy_Index_2010&oldid=3841

247

Comparison of Unmanned Aerial Vehicle Platforms for Assessing Vegetation Cover in Sagebrush Steppe Ecosystems  

SciTech Connect

In this study, the use of unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs) as a quick and safe method for monitoring biotic resources was evaluated. Vegetation cover and the amount of bare ground are important factors in understanding the sustainability of many ecosystems and assessment of rangeland health. Methods that improve speed and cost efficiency could greatly improve how biotic resources are monitored on western lands. Sagebrush steppe ecosystems provide important habitat for a variety of species (including sage grouse and pygmy rabbit). Improved methods are needed to support monitoring these habitats because there are not enough resource specialists or funds available for comprehensive ground evaluations. In this project, two UAV platforms, fixed wing and helicopter, were used to collect still-frame imagery to assess vegetation cover in sagebrush steppe ecosystems. This paper discusses the process for collecting and analyzing imagery from the UAVs to (1) estimate percent cover for six different vegetation types (shrub, dead shrub, grass, forb, litter, and bare ground) and (2) locate sage grouse using representative decoys. The field plots were located on the Idaho National Engineering (INL) site west of Idaho Falls, Idaho, in areas with varying amounts and types of vegetation cover. A software program called SamplePoint was used along with visual inspection to evaluate percent cover for the six cover types. Results were compared against standard field measurements to assess accuracy. The comparison of fixed-wing and helicopter UAV technology against field estimates shows good agreement for the measurement of bare ground. This study shows that if a high degree of detail and data accuracy is desired, then a helicopter UAV may be a good platform to use. If the data collection objective is to assess broad-scale landscape level changes, then the collection of imagery with a fixed-wing system is probably more appropriate.

Robert P. Breckenridge; Maxine Dakins; Stephen Bunting; Jerry Harbour; Sera White

2011-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

248

A comparison between cardiac index and circulatory index in the dog during exercise and during infusion of isoproterenol  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

, and therefore, the most useable index for circulatory performance. The A-VO difference also reflected changes in circulatory performance induced by exercise, beta adrenergic blockade, and circulatory stimulation by isoproterenol. It is proposed that the A-V... of the heart (18, 34, 65), and A-V nodal destruction (34, 65) have been studied. With complete, or grade III A-V nodal blockade the increase in heart rate in response to exercise is gradual (65). With complete heart block induced by A-V nodal destruction...

Smith, Thomas Lowell

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

249

ITD Site Index, Information Technology Division  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

ITD Site Index ITD Site Index Homepage | Contacts A | B | C | D | E | F | G | H | I | J | K | L | M | N | O | P | Q | R | S | T | U | V | W | X | Y | Z A Account Management Account Registration Form After-hours Support Anti-Virus Protection Appropriate Use of Computer Systems Audio Conferencing B BNL Official Security Guidelines BNL Security Requirements BNL Web Calendars C Calendars Center For Data Intensive Computing (CSC) Change Control Board Change/Reset Passwords Conference Calling Contacts Cookies at BNL CRYPTOcards Cyber Security D Directory - ITD Contact List E Encrypted Email Access Enterprise Computing Event Calendars Events Registration Exchange Email F Feedback Form G H I Incident Reporting Hotline ITD Services J L Labmail Legacy Links Logon Banners M Mail from Blacklisted Sites Mailing Lists (Mailman)

250

Bicyclic graphs with maximal revised Szeged index  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The revised Szeged index $Sz^*(G)$ is defined as $Sz^*(G)=\\sum_{e=uv \\in E}(n_u(e)+ n_0(e)/2)(n_v(e)+ n_0(e)/2),$ where $n_u(e)$ and $n_v(e)$ are, respectively, the number of vertices of $G$ lying closer to vertex $u$ than to vertex $v$ and the number of vertices of $G$ lying closer to vertex $v$ than to vertex $u$, and $n_0(e)$ is the number of vertices equidistant to $u$ and $v$. Hansen used the AutoGraphiX and made the following conjecture about the revised Szeged index for a connected bicyclic graph $G$ of order $n \\geq 6$:

Li, Xueliang

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

251

Matched Index of Refraction Flow Facility  

ScienceCinema (OSTI)

What's 27 feet long, 10 feet tall and full of mineral oil (3000 gallons' worth)? If you said INL's Matched Index of Refraction facility, give yourself a gold star. Scientists use computers to model the inner workings of nuclear reactors, and MIR helps validate those models. INL's Hugh McIlroy explains in this video. You can learn more about INL energy research at the lab's facebook site http://www.facebook.com/idahonationallaboratory.

Mcllroy, Hugh

2013-05-28T23:59:59.000Z

252

1991 OCRWM bulletin compilation and index  

SciTech Connect

The OCRWM Bulletin is published by the Department of Energy, Office of Civilian Radioactive Waste Management, to provide current information about the national program for managing spent fuel and high-level radioactive waste. The document is a compilation of issues from the 1991 calendar year. A table of contents and an index have been provided to reference information contained in this year`s Bulletins.

NONE

1992-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

253

Energy Efficiency Improvement and Cost Saving Opportunities for the Fruit and Vegetable Processing Industry. An ENERGY STAR Guide for Energy and Plant Managers  

SciTech Connect

The U.S. fruit and vegetable processing industry--defined in this Energy Guide as facilities engaged in the canning, freezing, and drying or dehydrating of fruits and vegetables--consumes over $800 million worth of purchased fuels and electricity per year. Energy efficiency improvement isan important way to reduce these costs and to increase predictable earnings, especially in times of high energy price volatility. There are a variety of opportunities available at individual plants in the U.S. fruit and vegetable processing industry to reduce energy consumption in a cost-effective manner. This Energy Guide discusses energy efficiency practices and energy-efficient technologies that can be implemented at the component, process, facility, and organizational levels. A discussion of the trends, structure, and energy consumption characteristics of the U.S. fruit and vegetable processing industry is provided along with a description of the major process technologies used within the industry. Next, a wide variety of energy efficiency measures applicable to fruit and vegetable processing plants are described. Many measure descriptions include expected savings in energy and energy-related costs, based on case study data from real-world applications in fruit and vegetable processing facilities and related industries worldwide. Typical measure payback periods and references to further information in the technical literature are also provided, when available. Given the importance of water in fruit and vegetable processing, a summary of basic, proven measures for improving plant-level water efficiency are also provided. The information in this Energy Guide is intended to help energy and plant managers in the U.S. fruit and vegetable processing industry reduce energy and water consumption in a cost-effective manner while maintaining the quality of products manufactured. Further research on the economics of all measures--as well as on their applicability to different production practices--is needed to assess their cost effectiveness at individual plants.

Masanet, Eric; Masanet, Eric; Worrell, Ernst; Graus, Wina; Galitsky, Christina

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

254

Vegetation uptake from burial ground alpha waste trenches  

SciTech Connect

This study was conducted as part of an evaluation of the potential radiological consequences of reinhabiting the SRS burial ground. The objective was to determine the uptake of buried, low-level, transuranic waste from unlined earthen trenches by forest vegetation. Two tree plots were established in 1979. One plot was put over a trench containing alpha waste and the other in an area without trenches. When the tree seedlings were sampled during 1979 and 1980, and analysized for {sup 239}Pu and {sup 238}Pu, there was only a small difference in radionuclude concentration between trees planted over the trench and those planted on the control plot because of the limited root intrusion into the trench by the seedlings. However, when trees were sample in 1986, 1987, and 1988 and analyzed for {sup 241}Am, {sup 238}Pu, {sup 239}Pu, and {sup 237}Np activity, the average activity of all of these isotopes was significantly higher over the trenches than in the control plot. These measurements indicate that tree roots will extract transuranic isotopes from buried, low-level waste. The amount of radioisotopes moved from the trenches to the surface is small and the level in the trees is low enough that dose from exposure will be small. The long term effects of transport of radioisotopes from the trenches to the surface soil was evaluated by estimating the accumulation in the surface soil. Transuranic activity in selected food crops was calculated using the soil activity and the literature derived concentration factors. In all cases, the activity of the transuranic isotopes in the edible portion of the plants was quite low. The activity in the leaf tissue was much higher than in the seed. However, it should be noted that in only one case was the activity higher than the naturally occurring activity of {sup 40}K in the pine foliage.

Murphy, C.E. Jr.; Tuckfield, R.C.

1989-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

255

Efficient Joins with Compressed Bitmap Indexes  

SciTech Connect

We present a new class of adaptive algorithms that use compressed bitmap indexes to speed up evaluation of the range join query in relational databases. We determine the best strategy to process a join query based on a fast sub-linear time computation of the join selectivity (the ratio of the number of tuples in the result to the total number of possible tuples). In addition, we use compressed bitmaps to represent the join output compactly: the space requirement for storing the tuples representing the join of two relations is asymptotically bounded by min(h; n . cb), where h is the number of tuple pairs in the result relation, n is the number of tuples in the smaller of the two relations, and cb is the cardinality of the larger column being joined. We present a theoretical analysis of our algorithms, as well as experimental results on large-scale synthetic and real data sets. Our implementations are efficient, and consistently outperform well-known approaches for a range of join selectivity factors. For instance, our count-only algorithm is up to three orders of magnitude faster than the sort-merge approach, and our best bitmap index-based algorithm is 1.2x-80x faster than the sort-merge algorithm, for various query instances. We achieve these speedups by exploiting several inherent performance advantages of compressed bitmap indexes for join processing: an implicit partitioning of the attributes, space-efficiency, and tolerance of high-cardinality relations.

Computational Research Division; Madduri, Kamesh; Wu, Kesheng

2009-08-19T23:59:59.000Z

256

Identification of RESNET HERS Index Values Corresponding to Minimal Complicance with the IECC Performance Path  

SciTech Connect

This analysis provides a limited evaluation of the relationship between the Residential Energy Services Network (RESNET) Home Energy Rating System (HERS) Index and the simulation-based performance approach used in the 2012 International Energy Conservation Code (IECC). Not all differences between the approaches are analyzed here; only a subset of the distinctions considered likely to result in quantifiable differences in the outcomes of the two approaches or otherwise believed to be of interest to code developers and policy makers are considered. This analysis evaluates, for a single-family residence with various characteristics, the ranges of HERS Index values that would result in compliance with the 2012 IECC.

Taylor, Zachary T.; Mendon, Vrushali V.

2014-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

257

Effect of agricultural use of phosphogypsum on trace elements in soils and vegetation  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The problem of the disposal of phosphogypsum, one of the main industrial wastes of phosphorus fertilizer production, is reviewed, from the point of view of element pollution of phosphate raw materials, when it is introduced to soil. When phosphogypsum from different phosphorus producing plants in the USSR is used in agriculture, the main element-pollutants are fluorine, sulphur, strontium and rare earth elements. Their concentration in soils and vegetation exceeds Clark values by 20100 times. The necessity for complex biogeochemical investigations to identify the hazards from these chemical elements in the environment is discussed.

A.V. Gorbunov; M.V. Frontasyeva; S.F. Gundorina; T.L. Onischenko; B.B. Maksjuta; Chen Sen Pal

1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

258

Novel Bioplastics and biocomposites from Vegetable Oils  

SciTech Connect

Polymeric materials have been prevalent in our everyday lives for quite a long time. Most of today's polymeric materials are derived from nonrenewable petroleum-based feedstocks. Instabilities in the regions where petroleum is drilled, along with an increased demand in petroleum, have driven the price of crude oil to record high prices. This, in effect, increases the price of petroleum-based polymeric materials, which has caused a heightened awareness of renewable alternatives for polymeric feedstocks. Cellulose, starch, proteins and natural oils have all been examined as possible polymeric feedstocks. Natural oils are commercially available on a large scale and are relatively cheap. It is projected that the U.S. alone will produce 21 billion pounds of soybean oil in the period 2008/2009. Natural oils also have the advantages of inherent biodegradability, low toxicity, high purity and ready availability. Most natural oils possess a triglyceride structure as shown in Figure 1. Most natural oils have a unique distribution of fatty acid side chains, along with varying degrees of unsaturation per triglyceride. Common fatty acid side chains in naturally occurring oils are palmitic acid (C16:0), a 16 carbon fatty acid with no unsaturation; stearic acid (C18:0), an 18 carbon fatty acid with no unsaturation; oleic acid (C18:1), an 18 carbon fatty acid with one double bond; linoleic acid (C18:2), an 18 carbon fatty acid with two double bonds; and linolenic acid (C18:3), an 18 carbon fatty acid with three double bonds. Of course, there are other fatty acids with varying degrees of unsaturation, but their abundance is usually minimal. All of the unsaturated fatty acids mentioned have naturally occurring cis double bonds, which is common for most unsaturated fatty acids. In addition, the afore mentioned fatty acids have the first double bond at the position of carbon 9 (C9), followed by carbon 12 (C12), if there are two degrees of unsaturation, then at carbon 15 (C15), if there are three degrees of unsaturation. In addition, the double bonds are not in conjugation. Table 1 gives the fatty acid make-up of linseed oil. It can be seen that linseed oil has an average of 6.0 double bonds per triglyceride. Its fatty acid content consists of 5.4% palmitic acid (C16:0), 3.5% stearic acid (C18:0), 19% oleic acid (C18:1), 24 % linoleic acid (C18:2) and 47% linolenic (C18:3). Table 1 also gives the fatty acid composition and varying degrees of unsaturation for various other naturally-occurring natural vegetable oils. The regions of unsaturation in natural oils allow for interesting polymer chemistry to take place. Some of this interesting polymer science, however, involves chemical modification of the regions of unsaturation. Acrylated epoxidized soybean oil (AESO) is prepared by epoxidation of the double bonds, followed by ring opening with acrylic acid. The resulting oil has both acrylate groups and hydroxyl groups. Wool and colleagues have further reacted the hydroxyl groups within the oil with maleic anhydride to produce maleated acrylated epoxidized soybean oil (MAESO). The MAESO has been copolymerized with styrene free radically to produce promising thermosetting sheet molding resins. Petrovi? and co-workers have directly ring opened the epoxidized oil to produce polyols that produce promising polyurethanes through condensation polymerization with diisocyanates. Our group's work initially focused on direct cationic copolymerization of the double bonds or conjugated double bonds of natural oils with monomers, such as styrene and divinylbenzene, to produce promising thermosetting resins. The only modification of the oils that was carried out in these studies was conjugation of the double bonds to enhance the reactivity of the oil. This work has been expanded recently with the incorporation of glass fiber to produce promising composites. We have also explored thermal polymerization techniques to make novel thermosets. This dissertation is divided into four chapters. The first chapter discusses the synthesis and characterization of biobased

Phillip H. Henna

2008-08-18T23:59:59.000Z

259

Diet Quality and Body Mass Index Are Associated with Health Care Resource Use in Rural Older Adults  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Health care resource consumption is a growing concern. The aim of this study was to examine the associations between diet quality and body mass index with health care resource use (HRU) in a cohort of advanced age. Participants in the Geisinger Rural Aging Study (n=5,993) were mailed demographic and dietary questionnaires in 2009. Of those eligible, 2,995 (50%; 1,267 male, 1,728 female; mean age 81.44.4 years) provided completed surveys. Multivariate negative binomial models were used to estimate relative risk and 95% CI of HRU outcomes with diet quality as assessed by the Dietary Screening Tool score and body mass index determined from self-reported height and weight. Poor diet quality was associated with a 20% increased risk for emergency room (ER) visits. Fruit and vegetable consumption was grouped into quintiles of intake, with the highest quintile serving as the reference group in analyses. The three lowest fruit and vegetable quintiles were associated with increased risk for ER visits (23% to 31%); the lowest quintile increased risk for inpatient visits (27%). Obesity increased risk of outpatient visits; however, individuals with class I obesity were less likely than normal-weight individuals to have ER visits (relative risk=0.84; 95% CI 0.70 to 0.99). Diets of greater quality, particularly with greater fruit and vegetable intake, are associated with favorable effects on HRU outcomes among older adults. Overweight and obesity are associated with increased outpatient HRU and, among obese individuals, with decreased ER visits. These findings suggest that BMI and diet quality beyond age 74 years continue to affect HRU measures.

Dara W. Ford; Terryl J. Hartman; Christopher Still; Craig Wood; Diane C. Mitchell; Regan Bailey; Helen Smiciklas-Wright; Donna L. Coffman; Gordon L. Jensen

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

260

Index of Energy Security Risk | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Index of Energy Security Risk Index of Energy Security Risk Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary Name: Index of Energy Security Risk Agency/Company /Organization: United States Chamber of Commerce, Institute for 21st Century Energy Sector: Energy Focus Area: Non-renewable Energy, Renewable Energy Topics: Co-benefits assessment, - Energy Security Resource Type: Publications Website: www.energyxxi.org/images/Energy_Index_2011_FINAL.pdf Cost: Free Index of Energy Security Risk Screenshot References: Index of Energy Security Risk[1] "This 2011 edition of the Index incorporates the most current energy data, including the Energy Information Administration's (EIA) Annual Energy Outlook 2011 (AEO 2011), to provide an up-to-date assessment of the trends having the greatest impact on energy security since the first Index was

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "difference vegetation index" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


261

Characteristics of spot-market rate indexes for truckload transportation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In the truckload transportation industry in the United States, a number of indexes are published that attempt to measure changes in rates, but no single index has emerged as an industry standard. Industry participants, ...

Bignell, Andrew (Andrew Souglas)

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

262

Robust powder auto-indexing using many peaks  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A new algorithm, CONOGRAPH, carries out exhaustive powder auto-indexing in a short time, even if the q values of many peaks are used for robust powder auto-indexing. Some results from CONOGRAPH are presented.

Oishi-Tomiyasu, R.

2014-03-11T23:59:59.000Z

263

Inter-rater reliability of the Strain Index  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of the Strain Index task variables and then assigned rating values to the variables according to published procedures. For other video segments, raters performed complete analyses, including calculation of a Strain Index Score that directs the assignment of a...

Stevens, Edward Martin

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

264

Spatial and temporal variability in vegetation and coal facies as reflected by organic petrological and geochemical data in the Middle Miocene ayirhan coal field (Turkey)  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Coal channel samples of Middle Miocene age are collected from the first (Tv) and second (Tb) seams from underground mines and from exploration boreholes within the ayirhan coal field in the Beypazari Basin (Turkey). They are investigated in order to detect spatial and temporal changes in maceral and molecular composition of coal and to relate them to changes in vegetation and depositional environment. The mean random reflectance values of ulminite (0.40% Rr) indicate a lignite to subbituminous-C coal in rank. Maceral composition and biomarker ratios of the samples from both seams at the ayirhan deposit argue for coal formation in a limno-telmatic environment under dysoxic to anoxic conditions. Alkaline surface waters of changing pH-values and a high and unstable water level at the palaeomire are evidenced by moderate to high gelification index (GI) and ground water influence (GWI) values, as well as high sulphur contents. Variations in tissue preservation index (TPI) and vegetation index (VI) values point to minor variations in the palaeovegetation during peat formation. Herbaceous plants dominated in both Tb and Tv palaeomires (low TPI and VI values), whereas in the surroundings arboreal vegetation were predominant. The decreasing trends in pristane/phytane ratios and carbon preference index (CPI) values towards the NE are suggested to reflect oxygen deficient conditions during peat formation due to a higher (ground)water level in this part of the basin. The occurrence of C29 diasterenes in low abundances provides evidence for periods of lower pH in the mire. The borehole samples from the NE show slightly enhanced contributions of n-alkanes from algal and microbial sources. The terpenoid hydrocarbons present in the lignite argue for a major contribution of angiosperms to peat formation and slightly enhanced proportions of gymnosperms in the Tv palaeomire in the NE. Based on the high concentrations of lupane-type triterpenoids in the coal seams from the underground mine, a higher density of Betulaceae in the arboreal vegetation in the SW is indicated.

Achim Bechtel; Ali Ihsan Karayi?it; Reinhard F. Sachsenhofer; Hlya ?naner; Kimon Christanis; Reinhard Gratzer

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

265

Efficient Indexing Data Structures for Flash-Based Sensor Devices *  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

index structures, MicroHash and MicroGF (Micro Grid Files), exploit the asymmetric read/write and wear

Najjar, Walid A.

266

Indexing The World Wide Web: The Journey So Far  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Indexing The World Wide Web: The Journey So Far Abhishek Das Google Inc., USA Ankit Jain Google Inc., USA ABSTRACT In this chapter, we describe the key indexing components of today's web search engines. As the World Wide Web has grown, the systems and methods for indexing have changed significantly. We present

Pregibon, Daryl

267

Energy-Conserving Air Indexes for Nearest Neighbor Search  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Energy-Conserving Air Indexes for Nearest Neighbor Search Baihua Zheng1 , Jianliang Xu2 , Wang studies energy-conserving air indexes for NN search in a wireless broadcast environment. Linear access for traditional spatial database. In this paper, we propose a new energy- conserving index, called grid

Giles, C. Lee

268

Green index in semigroups: Generators, presentations, and automatic structures  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Green index in semigroups: Generators, presentations, and automatic structures Alan J. Cain, Robert@mcs.st-and.ac.uk This is a preprint of the article published as: Semigroup Forum, , no. (), pp. ­. : ./s---. : . The Green index called the relative Schützenberger group. If the Rees index |S \\ T| is finite, T also has finite Green

Cain, Alan J.

269

Estimation of Growth Rate from the Mitotic Index  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...Growth Rate from the Mitotic Index KING-THOM CHUNG, EDGAR H...an exponentially 778 MITOTIC INDEX GROWTH RATE 0 la 0 .0 E z...represents the time interval between completion of protein synthesis and division...Scherbaum, 0. 1957. The division index and multiplica- tion in a...

King-Thom Chung; Edgar H. Nilson; Marilyn J. Case; Allen G. Marr; Robert E. Hungate

1973-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

270

Computing the Chromatic Index of Steiner Triple Systems  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......substantial interest in the chromatic index of graphs,4 and applications...for computing the chromatic index of STS, and to describe results...to computing the chromatic index is to backtrack using depth-first...colours is encountered, every completion of this colouring will also......

Charles J. Colbourn

1982-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

271

An Index Theorem on Anti-Self-Dual Orbifolds  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......solutions, we use the relative index theorem of [33], which...1 and 3.1 yield that 4 Completion of Proofs In this section...From Kawasakis orbifold index theorem [23], it follows that there is an index formula of the form where......

Jeff A. Viaclovsky

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

272

Index Interactions in Physical Design Tuning: Modeling, Analysis, and Applications  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

a complete pic- ture. Basically, they ignore the key issue of index interaction, which is crucialIndex Interactions in Physical Design Tuning: Modeling, Analysis, and Applications Karl Schnaitter. We formalize the notion of index interactions and develop a novel algorithm to iden- tify

Polyzotis, Neoklis (Alkis)

273

BOTT PERIODICITY AND THE INDEX OF ELLIPTIC OPERATORS  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......Articles BOTT PERIODICITY AND THE INDEX OF ELLIPTIC OPERATORS M. F...University BOTT PERIODICITY AND THE INDEX OF ELLIPTIC OPERATORS By M...Equivariant JT-theory and completion' (to appear). 9. M. F...and I. M. Singer, 'The index of elliptio operators I......

M. F. ATIYAH

1968-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

274

Body Mass Index and Risk of Leukemia in Older Women  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...Short Communications Body Mass Index and Risk of Leukemia in Older...fact. Overweight [body mass index (BMI) 25.0-29.9 kg...or if they had a body mass index (BMI; calculated using baseline...as the time elapsed from the completion of the 1986 questionnaire to...

Julie A. Ross; Emily Parker; Cindy K. Blair; James R. Cerhan; and Aaron R. Folsom

2004-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

275

Interactive Montages of Sprites for Indexing and Summarizing Security Video  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

facilities (e.g. a nuclear power plant) or exterior home security video from a residential neighborhood. WeInteractive Montages of Sprites for Indexing and Summarizing Security Video Chris Pal University for indexing and visualizing video in the context of security applications. We wish to index security video

Pal, Chris

276

Soil and Vegetation Management: Keys to Water Conservation on Rangeland  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The amount of water that soaks into the soil largely determines plant productivity. We can manage and conserve water where and when it falls, and by controlling the kind of vegetation we can make the fullest use of rain water. This publication...

Schuster, Joseph L.

2001-01-11T23:59:59.000Z

277

Texas High Plains Vegetable & Weed Control Research Program  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Texas High Plains Vegetable & Weed Control Research Program Research Summary Reports 2008 Texas RESULTS OF HIGH PLAINS TRIALS 8 Herbicides and Weed Control Herbicide screen for mustard and collard for heat tolerance and yield on the Texas High Plains (I) .................. 40 Evaluation of snap bean

Mukhtar, Saqib

278

Biology and Management of Fungal Pathogens of Vegetables Program Leader  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

, and determining efficacy of disease control products #12;Re cauliflower rubber bands.msg Alternaria leaf spot on cabbage Program Justification: Fungal diseases are often a major limiting factor in vegetable production seeks to find cost effective disease control measures that result in production of high quality produce

Lazzaro, Brian

279

Sweet potatoes are a warm-weather vegetable  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Sweet potatoes are a warm- weather vegetable related to the morning glory family.Although Louisiana sweet potatoes are often referred to as yams, they truly are sweet potatoes. The Louisiana producers began calling the orange-fleshed sweet potatoes grown in Louisiana"yams" to distinguish them from

280

A phenomenological model for the flow resistance over submerged vegetation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A phenomenological model for the flow resistance over submerged vegetation Alexandra G. Konings,1: Konings, A. G., G. G. Katul, and S. E. Thompson (2012), A phenomenological model for the flow resistance [2002]. In this paper, a phenomenological approach is used to describe the momentum transfer

Katul, Gabriel

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "difference vegetation index" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


281

Reliability Based Vegetation Management Through Intelligent System Monitoring  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

management programs for transmission lines operated at 200 kV and above are now subject to a reliability vegetation-caused outages. Programs for lower voltage lines are subject to state regulatory policies data that was utilized and referenced in this report. #12;ii Executive Summary Trees and other

282

Dietary Inflammatory Index and Risk of Colorectal Cancer in the Iowa Women's Health Study  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...servings/week) Direction increase with DII b Difference (Q5...6 2.0 1.8 1.6 1.2 Wine - -39% 0.7 0.6 0.5...to the DII. b+ indicates increase across quintiles;-indicates...Duprez D, Jacobs DR, Jr.Diet quality indexes and mortality in postmenopausal...

Nitin Shivappa; Anna E. Prizment; Cindy K. Blair; David R. Jacobs, Jr; Susan E. Steck; and James R. Hbert

2014-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

283

Vegetation Change in Salt Marshes of Cape Cod National Seashore (Massachusetts, USA) Between 1984 and 2013  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Vegetation patterns in salt marshes are largely based on elevation in relation to tidal flooding. In New England salt marshes, vegetation is distinctly zoned into species that occur in the high marsh (elevatio...

Stephen M. Smith

2014-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

284

The role of vegetation in the CO[subscript 2] flux from a tropical urban neighbourhood  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Urban surfaces are usually net sources of CO[subscript 2]. Vegetation can potentially have an important role in reducing the CO[subscript 2] emitted by anthropogenic activities in cities, particularly when vegetation is ...

Velasco, E.

285

Optimization of Geoscience Laser Altimeter System waveform metrics to support vegetation measurements  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Optimization of Geoscience Laser Altimeter System waveform metrics to support vegetation GLAS Optimization Remote sensing Vegetation structure The Geoscience Laser Altimeter System (GLAS) has optimized a noise coefficient which could be constant or vary according to observation period or noise

Lefsky, Michael

286

Influence of woody plant on spring and riparian vegetation in central Texas  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

spring flow and vegetation cover in a first-order watershed and investigate the herbaceous community structure of upland riparian zones. This study consists of two major components: (1) the effects of environmental factors and vegetation cover on spring...

Shen, Li

2009-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

287

Wind farm land suitability indexing using multi-criteria analysis  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Wind farm siting can be considered as Multi Criteria Decision Making (MCDM) problem that consists of set of alternative locations and set of selection criteria. This study applied multi-criteria decision making approach using Analytical Hierarchy Process with Ordered Weigh Averaging AHP-OWA aggregation function to derive wind farm land suitability index and classification under Geographical Information System (GIS) environment. Linguistic quantifiers version of AHP-OWA aggregation function was used to classify lands based on their suitability for wind farm installation. Different selection criteria were considered including economical (distance to road, terrain slope), social (urban area), environmental (historical locations, wildlife and natural reserves) and technical (wind power density, energy demand matching, percentage of sustainable wind, turbulence intensity, sand dunes). A case study of the proposed approach is implemented and presented for Oman.

Sultan Al-Yahyai; Yassine Charabi; Adel Gastli; Abdullah Al-Badi

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

288

Modeled Impacts of Cover Crops and Vegetative Barriers on Corn Stover Availability and Soil Quality  

SciTech Connect

Environmentally benign, economically viable, and socially acceptable agronomic strategies are needed to launch a sustainable lignocellulosic biofuel industry. Our objective was to demonstrate a landscape planning process that can ensure adequate supplies of corn (Zea mays L.) stover feedstock while protecting and improving soil quality. The Landscape Environmental Assessment Framework (LEAF) was used to develop land use strategies that were then scaled up for five U.S. Corn Belt states (Nebraska, Iowa, Illinois, Indiana, and Minnesota) to illustrate the impact that could be achieved. Our results show an annual sustainable stover supply of 194 million Mg without exceeding soil erosion T values or depleting soil organic carbon [i.e., soil conditioning index (SCI)?>?0] when no-till, winter cover crop, and vegetative barriers were incorporated into the landscape. A second, more rigorous conservation target was set to enhance soil quality while sustainably harvesting stover. By requiring erosion to be <1/2 T and the SCI-organic matter (OM) subfactor to be >?0, the annual sustainable quantity of harvestable stover dropped to148 million Mg. Examining removal rates by state and soil resource showed that soil capability class and slope generally determined the effectiveness of the three conservation practices and the resulting sustainable harvest rate. This emphasizes that sustainable biomass harvest must be based on subfield management decisions to ensure soil resources are conserved or enhanced, while providing sufficient biomass feedstock to support the economic growth of bioenergy enterprises.

Ian J. Bonner; David J. Muth Jr.; Joshua B. Koch; Douglas L. Karlen

2014-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

289

Schoenberg, Chang, Keeley, Pompa, Woods, Xu. Burning Index. 1 RH: Burning index in Los Angeles  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A Critical Assessment of the Burning Index in Los Angeles County, California Frederic Paik Schoenberg Research Center, Sequoia-Kings Canyon National Parks, Three Rivers, CA 93271. D Department of Ecology and wildfires in Los Angeles County, California from January 1976 to December 2000 reveals that although the BI

Schoenberg, Frederic Paik (Rick)

290

Schoenberg, Chang, Pompa, Woods, Xu. Burning Index. 1 RH: Burning index in Los Angeles  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Assessment of the Burning Index in Los Angeles County, California Frederic Paik SchoenbergA,E , Chien Research Center, Sequoia-Kings Canyon National Parks, Three Rivers, CA 93271. D Department of Ecology and wildfires in Los Angeles County, California from January 1976 to December 2000 reveals that although the BI

Schoenberg, Frederic Paik (Rick)

291

INDEX TO VOLUME 122 This index provides coverage for both the Initial Reports and Scientific Results  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

deposits, B:339-341 geophysical well logging, A:202-203, 284-285; B:384 aluminum oxide. See alumina Alxa if they are subjects of discussion. This index also includes taxonomic entries above the generic level, as well Alabama, Cretaceous marl-limestone sequence, B:259 Albian/Cenomanian boundary, calcareous nanno- fossils

292

Indexed STI Products | Scientific and Technical Information Program  

Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

Electronic STI Products Electronic STI Products Indexed STI Products Print page Print page Email page Email page Benefits of Indexed Metadata and STI Products OSTI indexes metadata and STI products so the information is searchable, allowing users to retrieve relevant results in an effective and efficient manner. Indexing allows STI products to be included in appropriate databases for limited or unlimited access. Indexed information provides a means of locating and retrieving STI products from OSTI databases (e.g.SciTech Connect) and external search engines (e.g. Google, Bing, etc.); Through the use of an alerting system, indexing allows users to identify STI products as they become available; Allows users to determine granularity within data resources; By using authority controls whenever possible, indexing provides

293

DOE NEPA Guidance and Requirements - Search Index | Department of Energy  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

DOE NEPA Guidance and Requirements - Search Index DOE NEPA Guidance and Requirements - Search Index DOE NEPA Guidance and Requirements - Search Index The DOE NEPA Guidance and Requirements - Search Index is a one-stop solution providing you with DOE's Guidance and Requirements documents combined into one file for easy download and use. The compressed (.zip) file contains all of these documents in their optimized and machine-readable format. The file also contains a "search index" that can be used to search for keywords and phrases in all the documents from one search form, without the need to install a separate program. Please direct any questions, comments, or feedback to: John.Jediny@hq.doe.gov Review the documents included in the Search Index as a List or Table NEPA Requirements and Guidance - Search Index.zip

294

DOE NEPA Guidance and Requirements - Search Index | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

DOE NEPA Guidance and Requirements - Search Index DOE NEPA Guidance and Requirements - Search Index DOE NEPA Guidance and Requirements - Search Index The DOE NEPA Guidance and Requirements - Search Index is a one-stop solution providing you with DOE's Guidance and Requirements documents combined into one file for easy download and use. The compressed (.zip) file contains all of these documents in their optimized and machine-readable format. The file also contains a "search index" that can be used to search for keywords and phrases in all the documents from one search form, without the need to install a separate program. Please direct any questions, comments, or feedback to: John.Jediny@hq.doe.gov Review the documents included in the Search Index as a List or Table NEPA Requirements and Guidance - Search Index.zip

295

Updated March 2013 Eat Smart, Live Strong is designed to improve fruit and vegetable consumption and  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Updated March 2013 Eat Smart, Live Strong is designed to improve fruit and vegetable consumption: · eat at least 3 ½ cups of fruit and vegetable per day (1 ½ cups of fruits and 2 cups of vegetables;Session 1, Reach Your Goals, Step by Step allows participants to review the amount of fruits

296

Response of Vegetation to Livestock Grazing at the Texas Experimental Ranch.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

.............................. 1 Climate Physiography and Soils Vegetation Grazing Treatments METHODS ................................ 2 1960-78 1978-82 Relationship Between Sampling Methods RESULTS ............................ . ..... 3 VEGETATION TRENDS (1960... with an extensive rangeland laboratory to evaluate the long-term effects of grazing management on cow/calf and vegetation performance. Since 1960, three grazing treatments have been continued in the same pastures without interruption: continuous grazing...

Heitschmidt, R.K.; Dowhower, S.L.; Gordon, R.A.; Price, D.L.

1986-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

297

Fire recurrence in the subarctic and its implications for vegetation composition E. A. JOHNSON  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Fire recurrence in the subarctic and its implications for vegetation composition E. A. JOHNSON JOHNSON,,E. A. 1979. Fire recurrence in the subarctic and its implications for vegetation composition. Can of the distribution's hazard of burning function to vegetation composition and r-K selection is discussed. JOHNSON,E

Johnson, Edward A.

298

ERDC/CERLTR-05-39 Simulation of Vegetation Recovery from  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

ERDC/CERLTR-05-39 Simulation of Vegetation Recovery from Military Disturbances on Fort Bliss Tamara of Vegetation Recovery from Military Disturbances on Fort Bliss Tamara Hochstrasser and Debra Peters USDA the vegetation simulation modeling capabilities of Fort Bliss, Texas, for evaluating the effects of military

Fehmi, Jeffrey S.

299

Determination of flash point and cetane index in diesel using distillation curves and multivariate calibration  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Partial least squares regression (PLS) was used to predict flash point and cetane index of diesel using distillation curves (ASTM-D86). The low RMSEP values obtained, compared with other chemometric models based on spectrometric methods described in literature, and high correlation coefficients between reference and predicted values showed that PLS was efficient to determine flash point and cetane index. The model built contains diesel samples of different compositions, thus revealing the variety of fuel in the Brazilian market. Furthermore, the proposed method has two advantages: low cost and easy implementation, as it applies the results of a routine test to evaluate the quality of diesel.

Helga G. Aleme; Paulo J.S. Barbeira

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

300

The annual cycle of a trans-equatorial EurasianAfrican passerine migrant: different spatio-temporal strategies for autumn and spring migration  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...may rely on distinct staging areas for completion of their annual cycle, suggesting more...terra Normalized Differential Vegetation Index (NDVI) data in a 0.05 resolution...may rely on distinct staging areas for completion of their annual cycle, suggesting more...

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "difference vegetation index" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


301

Structures with negative index of refraction  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

The invention provides simplified negative index materials (NIMs) using wire-pair structures, 4-gap single ring split-ring resonator (SRR), fishnet structures and overleaf capacitor SRR. In the wire-pair arrangement, a pair of short parallel wires and continuous wires are used. In the 4-gap single-ring SRR, the SRRs are centered on the faces of a cubic unit cell combined with a continuous wire type resonator. Combining both elements creates a frequency band where the metamaterial is transparent with simultaneously negative .di-elect cons. and .mu.. In the fishnet structure, a metallic mesh on both sides of the dielectric spacer is used. The overleaf capacitor SRR changes the gap capacities to small plate capacitors by making the sections of the SRR ring overlap at the gaps separated by a thin dielectric film. This technique is applicable to conventional SRR gaps but it best deploys for the 4-gap single-ring structures.

Soukoulis, Costas M. (Ames, IA); Zhou, Jiangfeng (Ames, IA); Koschny, Thomas (Ames, IA); Zhang, Lei (Ames, IA); Tuttle, Gary (Ames, IA)

2011-11-08T23:59:59.000Z

302

Method of producing optical quality glass having a selected refractive index  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Optical quality glass having a selected refractive index is produced by a two stage drying process. A gel is produced using sol-gel chemistry techniques and first dried by controlled evaporation until the gel volume reaches a pre-selected value. This pre-selected volume determines the density and refractive index of the finally dried gel. The gel is refilled with solvent in a saturated vapor environment, and then dried again by supercritical extraction of the solvent to form a glass. The glass has a refractive index less than the full density of glass, and the range of achievable refractive indices depends on the composition of the glass. Glasses having different refractive indices chosen from an uninterrupted range of values can be produced from a single precursor solution.

Poco, John F. (Livermore, CA); Hrubesh, Lawrence W. (Livermore, CA)

2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

303

Vegetation, edaphic, and topographic interrelationships in an East Texas forest  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

VEGETATION, EDAPHIC, AND TOPOGRAPHIC INTERRELATIONSHIPS IN AN EAST TEXAS FOREST A Thesis by JOHNNY ZANE HINTON Approved as to style and content by: (Chairman of Committee) (Member) (Member) (Head of Department) December 1981 ABSTRACT... Vegetat1on, Edaphic, and Topographic Interrelationsh1ps In an East Texas Forest. (Oecember 1981) Johnny Zane Hinton, B. S. , Texas A&M Un1versity Chairman of Advisory Committee: Dr. Fred E, Sme1ns Thirty stands were sampled on the Angelina National...

Hinton, Johnny Zane

1981-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

304

Iodine in Drinking Waters, Vegetables, Cottonseed Meal, and Roughages.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

LIBRARY, A & M COLLEGE, G. S. FRAPS and J. F. FUDGE Division of Chemistry TEXAS AGRICULTURAL EXPERIMENT STATION A. B. CONNER, DIRECTOR, College Station, Texas BULLETIN NO. 595 NOVEMBER 1940 -- IODINE IN DRINKING WATERS, VEGETABLES..., COTTONSEED MEAL, AND ROUGEIAGES ! .I rq?,\\?Y - AGRICULTURAL AND MECHANICAL COLLEGE OF TEXAS T. 0. WALTON, President A96-1140-7M-LJ.80 5 [Blank Page in Original Bulletin] Iodine was determined in nearly 500 samples of city and rural drinking waters...

Fudge, J. F. (Joseph Franklin); Fraps, G. S. (George Stronach)

1940-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

305

Vegetation survey of knapweed on the Yakima Training Center - 1992  

SciTech Connect

This report summarizes and discusses the results of a vegetation survey conducted in 1992 on a portion of the Yakima Training Center (YTC). Pacific Northwest Laboratory (PNL) conducted this survey and a similar survey in 1991 for the U.S. Department of the Army. The objectives of the survey were to evaluate the impact of the herbicide picloram on forbs where aerial applications of picloram were made in 1988, 1989, and 1991 to control knapweed infestations. Forbs are of special interest because they are an important part of the spring and summer diet of the western sage grouse, which is a U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service candidate species for the threatened and endangered list. We also conducted a limited evaluation of the effectiveness of the spray program in controlling the spread of knapweed. Percent plant canopy cover and number of forbs were measured on 120 transacts on the herbicide-treated and untreated control areas. Herbicide treatment in 1991 resulted in a significant reduction in knapweed based on percent cover and density. The treatment areas also all had lower percent canopy cover of perennial forbs and fewer perennial forbs compared to control areas. Canopy cover of shrubs and annual, biennial, and perennial forbs measured on the YTC increased between the 1991 and 1992 survey, which may indicate a recovery of these vegetation types after disturbance. These increases also could reflect the mild 1992 winter and superior growing conditions in the spring of 1992. We recommend that these vegetation transacts continue to be monitored for an additional growing season to evaluate (1) whether knapweed increases to its previous abundance in the 1991 herbicide-treated area, (2) the efficacy of herbicide application on transacts along roadways, and (3) the increase in invasive annuals in herbicide-treated areas and the possible effects on community vegetation structure and sage grouse habitat.

Downs, J.L.; Cadoret, N.A.; Rickard, W.H.

1994-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

306

Vegetative Propagation and Topophytic Responses of Selected Baldcypress Clones  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

, were kept overnight in a cooler at 8.7 C to ensure hydration. Cuttings were placed in plastic bags partially filled with water and stuck (planting the unrooted basal end in the substrate) the following day. Before 13 sticking, cuttings were..., foliar salt exposure and high pH soil tolerance. Experiments were conducted beginning in May, 2008 to determine commercial viability of vegetative propagation by shoot tip cuttings of these selections, to identify treatment combinations that led...

King, Andrew Richard

2012-10-19T23:59:59.000Z

307

Growing Fall Vegetables and Annuals in South Central Texas.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

.... ~ . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. 9 Emergency Procedure ....................... 20 Strawberries ............................... 10 Problems in a Fall Garden ................... 21 Grow Spring-Flowering Bulbs ................ 12 This publication wa~ compiled by Dr. Jerry Parsons... it is the middle of the summer, now is the time to start getting things in shape for a fall flower and vegetable garden. In this area of Texas, gardening can continue the year-round. It is always a tough decision to decide whether to terminate spring...

Parsons, Jerry; Cotner, Sam; Johnson, Jerral; Janne, Everett; Stewart, J. W.; Roberts, Roland; Johnson, Shirley

1979-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

308

Local Incentive-Based Policy for Vegetable-Agroforestry: a  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Local Incentive-Based Policy for Vegetable-Agroforestry: a Local Incentive-Based Policy for Vegetable-Agroforestry: a locally-appropriate adaptation and mitigation action (LAAMA) to climate change Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: Local Incentive-Based Policy for Vegetable-Agroforestry: a locally-appropriate adaptation and mitigation action (LAAMA) to climate change Agency/Company /Organization: World Agroforestry Centre Sector: Land Focus Area: Agriculture, Forestry Topics: Adaptation, Background analysis, Policies/deployment programs Resource Type: Guide/manual, Lessons learned/best practices Website: www.worldagroforestrycentre.org/sea/Publications/files/policybrief/PB0 Country: Philippines South-Eastern Asia Coordinates: 12.879721°, 121.774017° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":12.879721,"lon":121.774017,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

309

Indexes to Nuclear Regulatory Commission issuances, July--December 1996. Volume 44, Index 2  

SciTech Connect

Digests and indexes for issuances of the Commission (CLI), the Atomic Safety and Licensing Board Panel (LBP), the Administrative Law Judges (ALJ), the Directors` Decisions (DD), and the Decision on Petitions for Rulemaking (DPRM) are presented in this document. These digests and indexes are intended to serve as a guide to the issuances. Information elements common to the cases heard and ruled upon are: case name (owner(s) of facility); full text reference (volume and pagination); issuance number; issues raised by apellants; legal citations (cases, regulations, and statutes); name of facility, docket number; subject matter of issues and/or rulings; type of hearing (operating license, operating license amendment, etc.); type of issuance (memorandum, order, decision, etc.).

NONE

1997-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

310

Auto Indexer Auto-Indexer for Percussive Hammers: Vane Motor Dynamometer Testing  

DOE Data Explorer (OSTI)

The development of the motor will help to achieve program technical objectives by improving well construction capabilities. This includes enabling high-temperature drilling as well as enhancing directional drilling. A key component in the auto indexer is the drive motor. It is an air-driven vane motor that converts the energy stored in the compressed air to mechanical energy. The motor is attached to hammer-like components which impart an impulsive load onto the drive shaft. The impulsive force on the drive shaft in turn creates an indexing action. A controlled test was performed to characterize the performance of the the vane motor for a given pressure. The Sandia dynamometer test station was used to determine the performance of the motor for a given input pressure.

Jiann Su

311

Indexes to Nuclear Regulatory Commission issuances, July-December 1997  

SciTech Connect

Digests and indexes for issuances of the Commission, the Atomic Safety and Licensing Board Panel, the Administrative Law Judges, the Directors` Decisions, and the Decisions on Petitions for Rulemaking are presented in this document. These digests and indexes are intended to serve as a guide to the issuances. Information elements common to the cases heard and ruled upon are: Case name (owner(s) of facility); Full text reference (volume and pagination); Issuance number Issues raised by appellants; Legal citations (cases, regulations, and statutes); Name of facility, Docket number; Subject matter of issues and/or rulings; Type of hearing (operating license, operating license amendment, etc); Type of issuance (memorandum, order, decision, etc.). These information elements are displayed in one or more of five separate formats: Case Name Index, Headers and Digests, Legal Citations Index, Subject Index, and Facility Index.

NONE

1998-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

312

The burn bactericidal index: A bactericidal index specific for burn patients  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The percentage of the body surface area burned together with the bactericidal capacity of polymorphs were found to have an influence on burned patients' resistance to infection. This new indicator of resistance to infection in burns, the Burn Bactericidal Index (BBI), was high in patients not susceptible to infection especially in patients vaccinated against Pseudomonas aeruginosa, but low in patients with extensive burns and in patients with septicaemia and other acute clinical infections.

E.A. Roe

1979-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

313

Using the NEPA Requirements and Guidance - Search Index  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

the NEPA Requirements and Guidance - Search Index the NEPA Requirements and Guidance - Search Index Step 2: Entering a Search Term or Phrase 1. Locate the downloaded file, right click on it, select "Extract all", extract it to any location on your computer or USB drive. 2. Locate and Open the extracted folder "NEPA Requirements and Guidance - Search Index". 3. Locate and Open the .PDX file titled "Search - NEPA Requirements and Guidance" to open search form.

314

Excellent color rendering indexes of multi-package white LEDs  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This study introduces multi-package white light-emitting diodes (LEDs) system with the ability to realize high luminous efficacy and an excellent color rendering index (CRI,...

Oh, Ji Hye; Yang, Su Ji; Sung, Yeon-Goog; Do, Y R

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

315

Plasmonic and High Index Nanostructures for Efficient Solar Energy Conversion  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

I will discuss the use of nanometallic and high-index dielectric nanostructures in boosting the energy conversion efficiency of photovoltaic and photo-electrochemical cells.

Brongersma, Mark L

316

INDEX TO VOLUME 146 (PART 1) Cascadia Margin  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

, reference to material on CD-ROM is shown as "bp1:CD-ROM." The index was prepared by Earth Systems, under

317

On Computation of Performance Bounds of Optimal Index Assignment  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

On Computation of Performance Bounds of. Optimal Index Assignment. Xiaolin Wu. Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering. McMaster University...

2010-01-20T23:59:59.000Z

318

Regulatory and technical reports (abstract index journal): Annual compilation for 1994. Volume 19, Number 4  

SciTech Connect

This compilation consists of bibliographic data and abstracts for the formal regulatory and technical reports issued by the US Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC) Staff and its contractors. It is NRC`s intention to publish this compilation quarterly and to cumulate it annually. The main citations and abstracts in this compilation are listed in NUREG number order. These precede the following indexes: secondary report number index, personal author index, subject index, NRC originating organization index (staff reports), NRC originating organization index (international agreements), NRC contract sponsor index (contractor reports), contractor index, international organization index, and licensed facility index. A detailed explanation of the entries precedes each index.

NONE

1995-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

319

Geothermal environmental assessment baseline study: vegetation and soils of the Roosevelt Hot Springs Geothermal Resource Area  

SciTech Connect

Identification and elemental concentrations of indigenous soil and plant systems found on the Roosevelt Hot Spring KGRA are described. Twenty-three different soils and five separate plant communities are geographically mapped and identified. One hundred forty-seven plant species were identified. Forbs, shrubs, and grasses are represented by 58, 53, and 36 species respectively. Three sites, each measuring 25 hectares, were selected for long-term vegetative assessment. At these locations a permanent enclosure measuring 24.4 meters x 24.4 meters was constructed to assess long-term effects of livestock grazing. Biomass, plant species, percentage composition, ground cover and livestock carrying capacities were determined at each site. Surface soils and Artemisia tridentata leaf tissue were collected for elemental analysis.

Brown, K.W.; Wiersma, G.B.

1981-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

320

Indexes to Nuclear Regulatory Commission issuances, January--March 1997  

SciTech Connect

This document provides digests and indexes for issuances of the Nuclear Regulatory Commission, the Atomic Safety and Licensing Board Panel, the Administrative Law Judges, the Directors Decisions, and the Decisions on Petitions for Rulemaking. These indexes and digests are intended to serve as a guide to the issuances.

NONE

1997-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "difference vegetation index" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


321

Caranx: Scalable Social Image Index Using Phylogenetic Tree of Hashtags  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

. The vectors are quantized and stored in tree-like data structures for fast search. SIFT- based indexing can an efficient algorithm to build/search the PT, and show that using PT structure can effectively avoid unnecessary NRDC computation. The resulting image index provides more accurate and diversified search results1

322

Fast Statistical Parsing of Noun Phrases for Document Indexing  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Fast Statistical Parsing of Noun Phrases for Document Indexing Chengxiang Zhai Laboratory evaluated on a document collection larger than several megabytes. Many NLP techniques are simply not ef to enhance document indexing. The effective­ ness of using syntactic phrases provided by the parser

Zhai, ChengXiang

323

Topic Segmentation with Hybrid Document Indexing Irina Matveeva  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Topic Segmentation with Hybrid Document Indexing Irina Matveeva Department of Computer Science-independent unsuper- vised topic segmentation approach based on hybrid document indexing. Lexical chains have been news, addressed by the Topic Detection and Track- ing (TDT) evaluation project (Wayne, 2000; Allan

Levow, Gina-Anne

324

Just in time indexing for up to the second search  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

E-commerce and intranet search systems require newly arriving content to be indexed and made available for search within minutes or hours of arrival. Applications such as file system and email search demand even faster turnaround from search systems, ... Keywords: incremental indexing, inverted indices, search engines

Ronny Lempel; Yosi Mass; Shila Ofek-Koifman; Dafna Sheinwald; Yael Petruschka; Ron Sivan

2007-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

325

SUBGROUPS OF SMALL INDEX IN ORDERED PERMUTATION GROUPS  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......the given subgroup of small index may need to be taken in the order-completion C = U of C, rather than in...definition of the 'small index property'). This is immediately...let C denote the Dedekind-completion of C and 6 = CU {-00,00......

M. DROSTE; J. K. TRUSS

1991-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

326

Body Mass Index, Physical Activity, and Risk of Multiple Myeloma  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...Circulating Tumor Cell-Endocrine Therapy Index in Metastatic Breast Cancer Patients...multi-parameter assay, the CTC-Endocrine Therapy Index (CTC-ETI) using CellSearch that may...favorable response to ET. Successful completion of the feasibility study will lead to...

Brenda M. Birmann; Edward Giovannucci; Bernard Rosner; Kenneth C. Anderson; and Graham A. Colditz

2007-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

327

An Index of the Southern Oscillation P. B. Wright  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

An Index of the Southern Oscillation P. B. Wright 1975 Climatic Research Unit School ­ a report on the early 1970s and a perspective. CRU RP4 (1975) Wright PB An index of the Southern;#12;#12;#12;#12;#12;#12;#12;#12;#12;Author Peter Wright, Climatic Research Unit, School of Environmental Sciences, University of East Anglia

Feigon, Brooke

328

Audio signal representations for indexing in the transform domain  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

1 Audio signal representations for indexing in the transform domain Emmanuel Ravelli, Student--Indexing audio signals directly in the transform domain can potentially save a significant amount of computation to fully decode the signals. Here, we show that the representations used in standard transform-based audio

Paris 7 - Denis Diderot, Université

329

Audio signal representations for indexing in the transform domain  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

1 Audio signal representations for indexing in the transform domain Emmanuel Ravelli, Ga¨el Richard, Senior Member, IEEE, and Laurent Daudet, Member, IEEE Abstract--Indexing audio signals directly that the representations used in standard transform-based audio codecs (e.g. MDCT for AAC, or hybrid PQF/MDCT for MP3) have

Richard, Gaël

330

VEGETATION MEDIATED THE IMPACTS OF POSTGLACIAL CLIMATIC CHANGE ON FIRE REGIMES IN THE SOUTHCENTRAL BROOKS RANGE, ALASKA  

SciTech Connect

We examine direct and indirect impacts of millennial-scale climatic change on fire regimes in the southcentral Brooks Range, Alaska, using four lake-sediment records and existing paleoclimate interpretations. New techniques are introduced to identify charcoal peaks semi-objectively and detect statistical differences in fire regimes. Peaks in charcoal accumulation rates (CHARs) provide estimates of fire return intervals (FRIs) which are compared between vegetation zones described by fossil pollen and stomata. Climatic warming from ca 15-9 ka BP (calendar years before CE 1950) coincides with shifts in vegetation from herb tundra to shrub tundra to deciduous woodlands, all novel species assemblages relative to modern vegetation. Two sites cover this period and show increased CHARs and decreased FRIs with the transition from herb to shrub tundra ca 13.3-14.3 ka BP. Short FRIs in the Betula-dominated shrub tundra (mean [m] FRI 144 yr; 95% CI 119-170) primarily reflect the effects of flammable, continuous fuels on the fire regime. FRIs increased significantly with the transition to Populus-dominated deciduous woodlands ca 10.5 ka BP (mFRI 251 yr [158-352]), despite evidence of warmer- and drier-than-present summers. We attribute reduced fire activity under these conditions to low flammability of deciduous fuels. Three sites record the mid to late Holocene, when cooler and moister conditions allowed Picea glauca forest-tundra and P. mariana boreal forests to establish ca 8 and 5.5 ka BP. Forest-tundra FRIs did not differ significantly from the previous period (mFRIs range from 131-238 yr), but FRIs decreased with the transition to boreal forest (mFRI 145 yr [129-163]). Overall, fire-regime shifts in the study area showed greater correspondence with vegetation characteristics than with inferred climate, and we conclude that vegetation mediated the impacts of millennial-scale climatic change on fire regimes by modifying landscape flammability. Our findings emphasize the importance of biological-physical feedbacks in determining the response of arctic and subarctic ecosystems to past, and by inference, future climatic change.

Higuera, P E; Brubaker, L B; Anderson, P M; Hu, F S; Brown, T A

2008-10-28T23:59:59.000Z

331

Bloom, fruit development, and embryo development of peaches in a mild-winter region, and use of percent dry weight of ovule as a maturity index  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

persica (L.) Batsch] were examined, and percent dry weight of ovule (PDO) was studied as an embryo maturity index for stratification-germination in the breeding program. Differences in bloom times of 5 bloom period (BP) reference cultisms resulted...

Bacon, Terry A

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

332

Submerged aquatic vegetation and bulrush in Lake Okeechobee as indicators of greater Everglades ecosystem restoration  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Lake Okeechobee, Florida, located in the middle of the larger Kissimmee River-Lake Okeechobee-Everglades ecosystem in South Florida, serves a variety of ecosystem and water management functions including fish and wildlife habitat, flood control, water supply, and source water for environmental restoration. As a result, the ecological status of Lake Okeechobee plays a significant role in defining the overall success of the greater Everglades ecosystem restoration initiative. One of the major ecological indicators of Lake Okeechobee condition focuses on the near-shore and littoral zone regions as characterized by the distribution and abundance of submerged aquatic vegetation (SAV) and giant bulrush (Scirpus californicus (C.A. Mey.) Steud.). The objective of this study is to present a stoplight restoration report card communication system, common to all 11 indicators noted in this special journal issue, as a means to convey the status of SAV and bulrush in Lake Okeechobee. The report card could be used by managers, policy makers, scientists and the public to effectively evaluate and distill information about the ecological status in South Florida. Our assessment of the areal distribution of SAV in Lake Okeechobee is based on a combination of empirical SAV monitoring and output from a SAV habitat suitability model. Bulrush status in the lake is related to a suitability index linked to adult survival and seedling establishment metrics. Overall, presentation of these performance metrics in a stoplight format enables an evaluation of how the status of two major components of Lake Okeechobee relates to the South Florida restoration program, and how the status of the lake influences restoration efforts in South Florida.

Matthew C. Harwell; Bruce Sharfstein

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

333

Effect of Brush Vegetation on Deep Drainage Using Chloride Mass Balance  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

is comparable to that by herbaceous vegetation (Wilcox, 2005). The canopy of an average-size, mature redberry and ashe juniper can intercept 26% and 37% of the annual precipitation, respectively. Redberry and ashe juniper litter can intercept 40% and 43..., superactive, thermic Pachic Paleustolls. Dominant woody-shrub vegetation cover includes juniper (Juniperus ashei) with other existing vegetation such as little bluestem (Schizachyrium scoparium) and threeawn (Aristida). Site G4 The soil at site G4...

Navarrete Ganchozo, Ronald J.

2011-02-22T23:59:59.000Z

334

Energy futures prices and commodity index investment: New evidence from firm-level position data  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract This study brings fresh data to the highly-charged debate about the price impact of long-only index investment in energy futures markets. We use high frequency daily position data for NYMEX crude oil, heating oil, RBOB gasoline, and natural gas that are available from a representative large commodity index fund (the Fund) from February 13, 2007 through May 30, 2012. Simple correlation tests, difference-in-means tests, and Granger causality tests generally fail to reject the null hypothesis that changes in Fund positions are unrelated to subsequent returns in all four energy futures markets. We also fail to find any evidence that Fund positions are related to price movements in the WTI crude oil futures market using Singleton's (2014) long-horizon regression specification. Our results suggest Singleton's original finding of significant impacts and high levels of predictability may be simply an artifact of the method used to impute crude oil positions of index investors in a particular sample period. Overall, the empirical tests in this study fail to find compelling evidence of predictive links between commodity index investment and changes in energy futures prices.

Dwight R. Sanders; Scott H. Irwin

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

335

Potential of vegetable oils as a domestic heating fuel  

SciTech Connect

The dependence on imported oil for domestic heating has led to the examination of other potential fuel substitutes. One potential fuel is some form of vegetable oil, which could be a yearly-renewable fuel. In Western Canada, canola has become a major oilseed crop; in Eastern Canada, sunflowers increasingly are becoming a source for a similar oil; for this reason, the Canadian Combustion Research Laboratory (CCRL) has chosen these oils for experimentation. Trials have been conducted in a conventional warm air oil furnace, fitted with a flame retention head burner. Performance has been measured with pure vegetable oils as well as a series of blends with conventional No. 2 oil. The effects of increased fuel pressure and fuel preheating are established. Emissions of carbon monoxide, nitrogen oxides, unburned hydrocarbons and particulates are given for both steady state and cyclic operation. Canola oil cannot be fired in cyclic operation above 50:50 blends with No. 2 oil. At any level above a 10% blend, canola is difficult to burn, even with significant increased pressure and temperature. Sunflower oil is much easier to burn and can be fired as a pure fuel, but with high emissions of incomplete combustion products. An optimum blend of 50:50 sunflower in No. 2 oil yields emissions and performance similar to No. 2 oil. This blend offers potential as a means of reducing demand of imported crude oil for domestic heating systems.

Hayden, A.C.S.; Begin, E.; Palmer, C.E.

1982-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

336

Dietary Inflammatory Index and Risk of Colorectal Cancer in the Iowa Women's Health Study  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...trends were observed for energy and dietary fiber intake...quintiles of DII for percent energy from fat and proportion...vegetables other than green leafy vegetables or potatoes...increases inflammation and green leafy vegetables reduce...levels of mean fiber and energy intake in quintile 5...

Nitin Shivappa; Anna E. Prizment; Cindy K. Blair; David R. Jacobs, Jr; Susan E. Steck; and James R. Hbert

2014-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

337

Jordan Tatter Scholarship in Horticulture Sponsored by the Michigan Vegetable Council  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Jordan Tatter Scholarship in Horticulture Sponsored by the Michigan Vegetable Council) Submit application to behe@msu.edu Summary: The Jordan Tatter Scholarship in Horticulture was initiated

338

Characteristics of vegetation and its relationship with landfill gas in closed landfill  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

An investigation was carried out to elucidate landfill gas (LFG) and the vegetation characteristics in closed landfill. The results indicate that the stabilization process of the landfill is an important factor influencing the components of landfill gases. The coverage, height and species of vegetation increase with the closed time of landfill. Fourteen species were observed in the investigated cells, dominated by Phragmites australis, an invasive perennial plant. The concentrations of methane and carbon dioxide from vegetated cover soil were lower than those from non-vegetated cover soil.

Chai Xiaoli; Zhao Xin; Lou Ziyang; Takayuki Shimaoka; Hirofumi Nakayama; Cao Xianyan; Zhao Youcai

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

339

Coastal Marsh Vegetation Dynamics of the East Bay of Galveston Bay, Texas.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??The structure and function of coastal marshes results from a complex interaction of biotic and abiotic processes that continually influence the characteristics of marsh vegetation. (more)

Johnson, Jeremy Scott

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

340

E-Print Network 3.0 - anthropogenic vegetation fires Sample Search...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

dust aerosols VOCsDMS ET vegetation Anthropogenic waste byproduct air quality water management... combustionfires Anthropogenic crop production oil byproduct drilling...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "difference vegetation index" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


341

E-Print Network 3.0 - arctic vegetation types Sample Search Results  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Summary: Dynamic vegetation Figure 3: Evolution of regional arctic models. Geophysical ocean-sea ice... that can be adapted to focus resolution on the Arctic. Stand alone ASM...

342

SITE DESIGN GUIDELINES PEDESTRIAN VEHICULAR BICYCLE VEGETATION FURNISHINGS LIGHTING SIGNAGE PAVING SITEWORK PARKING  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

SITE DESIGN GUIDELINES PEDESTRIAN VEHICULAR BICYCLE VEGETATION FURNISHINGS LIGHTING SIGNAGE PAVING.7 Pedestrians .................................................................................... 3.8 Bicycles ..................................................... Section Four Bicycle Systems 4.1 Shared Roadways

Duchowski, Andrew T.

343

Multi-Level Bitmap Indexes for Flash Memory Storage  

SciTech Connect

Due to their low access latency, high read speed, and power-efficient operation, flash memory storage devices are rapidly emerging as an attractive alternative to traditional magnetic storage devices. However, tests show that the most efficient indexing methods are not able to take advantage of the flash memory storage devices. In this paper, we present a set of multi-level bitmap indexes that can effectively take advantage of flash storage devices. These indexing methods use coarsely binned indexes to answer queries approximately, and then use finely binned indexes to refine the answers. Our new methods read significantly lower volumes of data at the expense of an increased disk access count, thus taking full advantage of the improved read speed and low access latency of flash devices. To demonstrate the advantage of these new indexes, we measure their performance on a number of storage systems using a standard data warehousing benchmark called the Set Query Benchmark. We observe that multi-level strategies on flash drives are up to 3 times faster than traditional indexing strategies on magnetic disk drives.

Wu, Kesheng; Madduri, Kamesh; Canon, Shane

2010-07-23T23:59:59.000Z

344

A leading index of drilling activity: Update and improvements  

SciTech Connect

A five-component composite leading index of United States rotary rig drilling activity is updated. The index is presented for 1949 through April 1986 and is shown to consistently lead turning points in drilling activity. Seven new leading indices based on some new components are also presented. A forecast of drilling activity is made for the remainder of 1986 based on the leading index and the current economic condition of the petroleum industry. The methods used to prepare time series and construct indices are reviewed.

Buell, R.S.; Maurer, R.A.

1986-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

345

CHANGES IN 137 CS CONCENTRATIONS IN SOIL AND VEGETATION ON THE FLOODPLAIN OF THE SAVANNAH RIVER OVER A 30 YEAR PERIOD  

SciTech Connect

{sup 137}Cs released during 1954-1974 from nuclear production reactors on the Savannah River Site, a US Department of Energy nuclear materials production site in South Carolina, contaminated a portion of the Savannah River floodplain known as Creek Plantation. {sup 137}Cs activity concentrations have been measured in Creek Plantation since 1974 making it possible to calculate effective half-lives for {sup 137}Cs in soil and vegetation and assess the spatial distribution of contaminants on the floodplain. Activity concentrations in soil and vegetation were higher near the center of the floodplain than near the edges as a result of frequent inundation coupled with the presence of low areas that trapped contaminated sediments. {sup 137}Cs activity was highest near the soil surface, but depth related differences diminished with time as a likely result of downward diffusion or leaching. Activity concentrations in vegetation were significantly related to concentrations in soil. The plant to soil concentration ratio (dry weight) averaged 0.49 and exhibited a slight but significant tendency to decrease with time. The effective half-lives for {sup 137}Cs in shallow (0-7.6 cm) soil and in vegetation were 14.9 (95% CI = 12.5-17.3) years and 11.6 (95% CI = 9.1-14.1) years, respectively, and rates of {sup 137}Cs removal from shallow soil and vegetation did not differ significantly among sampling locations. Potential health risks on the Creek Plantation floodplain have declined more rapidly than expected on the basis of radioactive decay alone because of the relatively short effective half-life of {sup 137}Cs.

Paller, M.; Jannik, T.; Fledderman, P.

2007-12-12T23:59:59.000Z

346

-Climate and pH as determinants of vegetation succession in man-made habitats -701 Journal of Vegetation Science 18: 701-710, 2007  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

sites in areas deforested by air pollution. Methods: We investigated vegetation patterns on 15 succes, spoil heaps after coal mining, sites at water reservoirs, extracted sand pit and peatland and reclaimed

Kratochvíl, Lukas

347

Project Definition Rating Index (PDRI) | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Project Definition Rating Index (PDRI) Project Definition Rating Index (PDRI) Project Definition Rating Index (PDRI) The Office of Environmental Management (EM) Project Definition Rating Index (EM-PDRI) is a modification of a commercially developed planning tool that has been tested by an EM team specifically for EM's projects. EM-PDRI Team members represent a number of EM sites, and have already used this project planning tool successfully. The EM-PDRI examines a wide range of project factors related to cost, scope, and schedule, and develops a numerical score as a measure of how well these factors are defined. It applies to all of EM's projects including Traditional/Construction; Environmental Remediation; and Facility Disposition (including Transition, Deactivation, and Decommissioning). If you have questions about the EM-PDRI, please

348

DOE NEPA Guidance and Requirements - Search Index - Table of Contents |  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

DOE NEPA Guidance and Requirements - Search Index - Table of DOE NEPA Guidance and Requirements - Search Index - Table of Contents DOE NEPA Guidance and Requirements - Search Index - Table of Contents Return to Download Page The DOE NEPA Guidance and Requirements - Search Index includes: NEPA Guidance and Requirements Documents Issued by Published A Brief Guide - DOE-wide Contracts For NEPA Documentation DOE 2003 A Citizen's Guide to the NEPA - Having Your Voice Heard CEQ 2007 A Resource Handbook on DOE Transportation Risk Assessment DOE 2002 Actions During the NEPA Process - Interim Actions DOE 2003 Administrative Record Guidance DOJ 1991 Aligning the NEPA Process with EMS CEQ 2007 Alternative Actions For Analysis in Site-wide NEPA Reviews DOE 1992 Amended Environmental Impact Statement Filing System Guidance EPA 2012 Analysis of Impacts on Prime and Unique Agricultural Lands and NEPA

349

I' as a pure indexical and metonymy as language reduction  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Most direct reference theorists believe that I' is a pure indexical. This means that when I' is uttered, it contributes with the speaker to what is said. But, from some conceptions of metonymy as reference transfer, if I' ...

Esther Romero; Beln Soria

2005-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

350

Reducing Air-Conditioning System Energy Using a PMV Index  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

ICEBO2006, Shenzhen, China Maximize Comfort: Temperature, Humidity and IAQ Vol.I-4-1 Reducing Air-Conditioning System Energy Using a PMV Index Hui Li Qingfan Zhang Associate professor...

Li, H.; Zhang, Q.

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

351

Efficient power coupling to waveguides in high index contrast systems  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Future integrated optical circuits will hold, on a single chip, several optical components that communicate via high index contrast waveguides. Silicon nitride (SixNy) and silicon oxynitride (SixOyNz) waveguides with silicon ...

Nguyen, Victor T. (Victor Trinh)

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

352

A gradient index sonic lens based on acoustic metamaterials  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We report a method to design and characterize broadband gradient index lenses. The lenses are based on two?dimensional sonic crystals which are periodic arrangements of elastic cylinders embedded in air. It will be shown that gradient index sonic lenses built with rigid cylinders are more powerful than conventionally curved lenses. We also demonstrate that the designing possibilities increased by considering the mixture of two types of cylinders in the sonic crystal. So a gradient index lens with zero reflectance at the surface is proposed by employing a mixture of aerogel and rigid cylinders. Finally a multiple scatteringtheory has been employed to compare the performance of conventionally curved lenses and gradient index lenses. [Work supported by MEC of Spain and GVA of Valencia.

Jos Snchez?Dehesa; Daniel Torrent

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

353

Fishery Bulletin Index Energetics 125 Energy consumption rates 332  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

655 Fishery Bulletin Index Energetics 125 Energy consumption rates 332 Volume 103(1­4), 2005 Apodichthys flavidus 476 Coral reefs 360 Food habits 445, 626 Argentina 482 Correspondence analysis 256

354

Index of /~arshak/F04/MA266/matlab  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Index of /~arshak/F04/MA266/matlab. [ICO], Name Last modified Size Description. [DIR], Parent Directory, -. [ ], func1.m, 21-Sep-2004 23:46, 39. [ ], func2.

355

GROUP QUASI-REPRESENTATIONS AND INDEX THEORY 1 ...  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

theorem [1] and respectively the Mishchenko-Fomenko index theorem [20] to give a ..... Then the idempotents qi := ?(e ?i(p) e) ? Mr(B) are well defined, they.

2012-08-12T23:59:59.000Z

356

Active negative-index metamaterial powered by an electron beam  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

An active negative index metamaterial that derives its gain from an electron beam is introduced. The metamaterial consists of a stack of equidistant parallel metal plates perforated by a periodic array of holes shaped as ...

Shapiro, Michael

357

Fractionization of the Witten index in some soluble models  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We use the technique of analytic regularization to study the Witten index in two conformally invariant supersymmetric quantum-mechanical models. The role of the non-normalizable zero-mode states is discussed in some detail.

N. A. Alves, H. Aratyn, and A. H. Zimerman

1985-06-15T23:59:59.000Z

358

Validation of the strain index in manufacturing facilities  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Thirty jobs from two manufacturing facilities were analyzed using the Strain Index and a generic risk factor method to determine whether they exposed workers to an increased risk of developing distal upper extremity disorder (hazard classification...

Rucker, Nathan Paul

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

359

Algorithms over Arc-time Indexed Formulations for Single and ...  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

is associated with a cost function fj(Cj) over its completion time. Each machine can ..... Picard and Queyranne [18] proposed a three-index formu- lation for the 1|

2008-06-26T23:59:59.000Z

360

Parallel In Situ Indexing for Data-intensive Computing  

SciTech Connect

As computing power increases exponentially, vast amount of data is created by many scientific re- search activities. However, the bandwidth for storing the data to disks and reading the data from disks has been improving at a much slower pace. These two trends produce an ever-widening data access gap. Our work brings together two distinct technologies to address this data access issue: indexing and in situ processing. From decades of database research literature, we know that indexing is an effective way to address the data access issue, particularly for accessing relatively small fraction of data records. As data sets increase in sizes, more and more analysts need to use selective data access, which makes indexing an even more important for improving data access. The challenge is that most implementations of in- dexing technology are embedded in large database management systems (DBMS), but most scientific datasets are not managed by any DBMS. In this work, we choose to include indexes with the scientific data instead of requiring the data to be loaded into a DBMS. We use compressed bitmap indexes from the FastBit software which are known to be highly effective for query-intensive workloads common to scientific data analysis. To use the indexes, we need to build them first. The index building procedure needs to access the whole data set and may also require a significant amount of compute time. In this work, we adapt the in situ processing technology to generate the indexes, thus removing the need of read- ing data from disks and to build indexes in parallel. The in situ data processing system used is ADIOS, a middleware for high-performance I/O. Our experimental results show that the indexes can improve the data access time up to 200 times depending on the fraction of data selected, and using in situ data processing system can effectively reduce the time needed to create the indexes, up to 10 times with our in situ technique when using identical parallel settings.

Kim, Jinoh; Abbasi, Hasan; Chacon, Luis; Docan, Ciprian; Klasky, Scott; Liu, Qing; Podhorszki, Norbert; Shoshani, Arie; Wu, Kesheng

2011-09-09T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "difference vegetation index" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


361

CBER-DETR Nevada Coincident and Leading Employment Leading Index Hits Bump in the Road  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

the seasonally adjusted data reported by the Bureau of Labor Statistics. The Nevada Coincident Employment IndexCBER-DETR Nevada Coincident and Leading Employment Indexes1 Leading Index Hits Bump in the Road The Nevada Coincident Employment Index measures the ups and downs of the Nevada economy using an index

Ahmad, Sajjad

362

CBER-DETR Nevada Coincident and Leading Employment Both Indexes Up in September 2012  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

the seasonally adjusted data reported by the Bureau of Labor Statistics. The Nevada Coincident Employment IndexCBER-DETR Nevada Coincident and Leading Employment Indexes1 Both Indexes Up in September 2012 The Nevada Coincident Employment Index measures the ups and downs of the Nevada economy using an index

Ahmad, Sajjad

363

CBER-DETR Nevada Coincident and Leading Employment Another Good Month for the Indexes  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Statistics. The Nevada Coincident Employment Index includes four employment measures ­ household employmentCBER-DETR Nevada Coincident and Leading Employment Indexes1 Another Good Month for the Indexes The Nevada Coincident Employment Index measures the ups and downs of the Nevada economy using an index

Ahmad, Sajjad

364

CBER-DETR Nevada Coincident and Leading Employment Both Indexes Drop in July  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Statistics. The Nevada Coincident Employment Index includes four employment measures ­ household employmentCBER-DETR Nevada Coincident and Leading Employment Indexes1 Both Indexes Drop in July The Nevada Coincident Employment Index measures the ups and downs of the Nevada economy using an index of employment

Ahmad, Sajjad

365

CBER-DETR Nevada Coincident and Leading Employment Both Indexes Drop for Second Month  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

the seasonally adjusted data reported by the Bureau of Labor Statistics. The Nevada Coincident Employment IndexCBER-DETR Nevada Coincident and Leading Employment Indexes1 Both Indexes Drop for Second Month The Nevada Coincident Employment Index measures the ups and downs of the Nevada economy using an index

Ahmad, Sajjad

366

Method to create gradient index in a polymer  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Novel photo-writable and thermally switchable polymeric materials exhibit a refractive index change of .DELTA.n.gtoreq.1.0 when exposed to UV light or heat. For example, lithography can be used to convert a non-conjugated precursor polymer to a conjugated polymer having a higher index-of-refraction. Further, two-photon lithography can be used to pattern high-spatial frequency structures.

Dirk, Shawn M; Johnson, Ross Stefan; Boye, Robert; Descour, Michael R; Sweatt, William C; Wheeler, David R; Kaehr, Bryan James

2014-10-14T23:59:59.000Z

367

Contingent Valuation of renewable energy innovations: vegetal biomass in Italy  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Warming-up of the planet and scarcity of conventional energy resources has led to aim of reducing the consumption of fossil fuels and the development of innovative renewable technologies for energy production. However, innovations and investments in renewable energy can encounter resistance of local communities. This makes planning for the development of Renewable Energy Source-based power plants often very difficult. Against this background, we investigate the level of social consensus on and support of the development of an energy plant based on the use of vegetal biomass in Central Sardinia, Italy. The method adopted is Contingent Valuation. Estimates of ex-ante household Willingness To Pay are implemented, as they are important indicators of the social endorsement for the project development. Implications concerning consensus/disagreement on innovative technologies for sustainable energy production are discussed as perspectives of future research.

Andrea De Montis; Corrado Zoppi

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

368

The consequences of pleistocene climate change on lowland neotropical vegetation  

SciTech Connect

Palynological reconstructions indicate that lowland tropical America was subject to intense cooling during the last ice-age. The descent of presently montane taxa into the lowlands of Amazonia and Minas Gerais indicate temperature depressions ranging from 5[degrees]C to 9[degrees]C cooler-than-present. The strengthened incursion of southerly airmasses caused a reassortment of vegetation throughout Amazonia. Presently allopatric species are found to have been sympatric as novel forest assemblages and formed and dissolved. Modest drying, perhaps a 20% reduction in precipitation, accounts for all the records that show a Pleistocene expansion of savanna. No evidence is found to support the fragmentation of Amazonian forests during glacial times, and the hypothesis of forest refuges as an explanation of tropical speciation is rejected on empirical grounds.

De Oliveira, P.E.; Colinvaux, P.A. (Smithsonian Tropical Research Institute, Panama City (Panama))

1994-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

369

FastQuery: A Parallel Indexing System for Scientific Data  

SciTech Connect

Modern scientific datasets present numerous data management and analysis challenges. State-of-the- art index and query technologies such as FastBit can significantly improve accesses to these datasets by augmenting the user data with indexes and other secondary information. However, a challenge is that the indexes assume the relational data model but the scientific data generally follows the array data model. To match the two data models, we design a generic mapping mechanism and implement an efficient input and output interface for reading and writing the data and their corresponding indexes. To take advantage of the emerging many-core architectures, we also develop a parallel strategy for indexing using threading technology. This approach complements our on-going MPI-based parallelization efforts. We demonstrate the flexibility of our software by applying it to two of the most commonly used scientific data formats, HDF5 and NetCDF. We present two case studies using data from a particle accelerator model and a global climate model. We also conducted a detailed performance study using these scientific datasets. The results show that FastQuery speeds up the query time by a factor of 2.5x to 50x, and it reduces the indexing time by a factor of 16 on 24 cores.

Chou, Jerry; Wu, Kesheng; Prabhat,

2011-07-29T23:59:59.000Z

370

Fruit and Vegetable Consumption and Incidence of Gastric Cancer: A Prospective Study  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...and intakes of total energy, alcohol, and processed...supplement use, and consumption of red meat, poultry...suggest that frequent consumption of vegetables may reduce...to increase vegetable consumption. 1 Parkin DM, Bray...55:74-108. 2 World Cancer Research Fund...

Susanna C. Larsson; Leif Bergkvist; and Alicja Wolk

2006-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

371

A TEST FOR LIFE ON EXOPLANETS: THE TERRESTRIAL VEGETATION DETECTION IN THE EARTHSHINE SPECTRUM  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

bacteria [7]. A second type of biosignature is provided by signs of stellar light transformation the possible presence of life on this planet. Spectral biosignatures can be of two types. A first type consists of photosynthetic (green) vegetation, non­photosynthetic (dry) and a soil (from [9]). The so­called vegetation red

Lardière, Olivier

372

Vegetation-environment relationships of an inland boreal salt pan C. A. BURCHILLAND N. C. KENKEL  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

with decreasing salinity, but trends in Shannon-Weaver diversity and evenness along the salinity gradient were more complex. Despite the salinity gradient being environmentally continuous, strong vegetational, discontinuity, gradient, halophyte, plant community, salinity. BURCHILL,C. A., et KENKEL,N. C. 1991. Vegetation

Kenkel, Norm

373

Laboratory experiments and numerical modeling of wave attenuation through artificial vegetation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

? 5.1. Introduction to COULWAVE Boussinesq Model ................................................. 51? 5.2. Numerical Modeling of Vegetation Friction Factor .............................................. 53? CHAPTER VI - CONCLUSIONS... Additionally, vegetation directly increases the durability of shorelines through the root systems and enhances the storage of sand in dunes (Dean, 1978). Until recently the importance and function of wetlands was not well understood, and the amount...

Augustin, Lauren Nicole

2009-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

374

Effects of Woody Vegetation Removal on Soil Water Dynamics in a South Texas Shrubland  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

removal on various soil textures we studied changes in soil water, rooting depth, and the role of water redistribution by woody vegetation. Woody vegetation was removed using common methods of cut-stump and roller chop across three soil types. Soil water...

Mattox, April Marie

2013-07-30T23:59:59.000Z

375

Expansion of the world's deserts due to global warming and vegetation-albedo feedback  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

-2 in surface absorbed solar energy. Although acting on regional scale, such a large negative simulation where the vegetation-albedo feedback was allowed to influence the atmospheric energy balance-14). Vegetation feedback has also been shown to be of key importance in the drying of North Africa during

Zeng, Ning

376

Effects of forestry practices on vegetation structure and bird community of Kibale National Park, Uganda  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

, Uganda Cagan H. Sekercioglu* Center for Conservation Biology, Department of Biological Sciences, Stanford on the vegetation structure and bird community of Kibale National Park, Uganda. I compared four forest treatments Ltd. All rights reserved. Keywords: Uganda; Tropical forestry; Selective logging; Vegetation structure

Sekercioglu, Cagan Hakki

377

Nutrient release from combustion residues of two contrasting herbaceous vegetation types  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

(muffle and flame burning) to combust herbaceous biomass from contrasting nutrient level sites to estimate caused by a fire is the combustion and charring of vegetation. Both C and N contained in plant biomassNutrient release from combustion residues of two contrasting herbaceous vegetation types Benjamin A

Florida, University of

378

Vegetables, Fruit, and Lung Cancer in the Iowa Women's Health Study  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...65-69, 70-74), total energy (quartile), education...ginger, kelp and seaweeds Dark green leafy vegetables...0-118.5 118.6 Dark green leafy vegetables...Q2 Q3 Q4 (high) Total energy, kcal Male (M) 2157...in Japan. Analysis of survey data on incidence in Aomori...

Kristi A. Steinmetz; John D. Potter; and Aaron R. Folsom

1993-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

379

COMPUTER SUPPORTED KNOWLEDGE DISCOVERY --A CASE STUDY IN FLOW RESISTANCE INDUCED BY VEGETATION  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

COMPUTER SUPPORTED KNOWLEDGE DISCOVERY -- A CASE STUDY IN FLOW RESISTANCE INDUCED BY VEGETATION). The paper firstly outlines elementary data mining principles, particularly when applied to analysis related to the additional resistance to the flow induced by flexible vegetation are presented. The data

Fernandez, Thomas

380

Supplement Analysis for the Transmission System Vegetation Management Program FEIS (DOE/EIS-0285/SA-11)  

SciTech Connect

BPA proposes to clear unwanted vegetation in the rights-of-ways and around tower structures that may impede the operation and maintenance of the subject transmission line. Also, access road clearing will be conducted. All work will be in accordance with the National Electrical Safety Code and BPA standards. BPA plans to conduct vegetation control with the goal of removing tall growing vegetation that is currently or will soon be a hazard to the transmission line. BPA's overall goal is to have low-growing plant communities along the rights-of-way to control the development of potentially threatening vegetation. This project meets the standards and guidelines for the Transmission System Vegetation Management Program Final Environmental Impact Statement (FEIS) and Record of Decision (ROD).

N /A

2001-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "difference vegetation index" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


381

Supplement Analysis for the Transmission System Vegetation Management Program FEIS (DOE/EIS-0285/SA-12)  

SciTech Connect

BPA proposes to clear unwanted vegetation in the rights-of-ways and around tower structures that may impede the operation and maintenance of the subject transmission line. Also, access road clearing will be conducted. All work will be in accordance with the National Electrical Safety Code and BPA standards. BPA plans to conduct vegetation control with the goal of removing tall growing vegetation that is currently or will soon be a hazard to the transmission line. BPA's overall goal is to have low-growing plant communities along the rights-of-way to control the development of potentially threatening vegetation. This project meets the standards and guidelines for the Transmission System Vegetation Management Program Final Environmental Impact Statement (FEIS) and Record of Decision (ROD).

N /A

2001-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

382

Supplement Analysis for the Transmission System Vegetation Management Program FEIS (DOE/EIS-0285/SA-13)  

SciTech Connect

BPA proposes to clear unwanted vegetation in the rights-of-ways and around tower structures that may impede the operation and maintenance of the subject transmission line. Also, access road clearing will be conducted. All work will be in accordance with the National Electrical Safety Code and BPA standards. BPA plans to conduct vegetation control with the goal of removing tall growing vegetation that is currently or will soon be a hazard to the transmission line. BPA's overall goal is to have low-growing plant communities along the rights-of-way to control the development of potentially threatening vegetation. This project meets the standards and guidelines for the Transmission System Vegetation Management Program Final Environmental Impact Statement (FEIS) and Record of Decision (ROD).

N /A

2001-06-06T23:59:59.000Z

383

Introduction Inverted index Processing Boolean queries Query optimization Web Search and Text Mining  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Introduction Inverted index Processing Boolean queries Query optimization Web Search and Text Institute of Technology, College of Computing 2011 Gray: Boolean Retrieval 1 / 39 #12;Introduction Inverted index Processing Boolean queries Query optimization Overview 1 Introduction 2 Inverted index 3

Gray, Alexander

384

SIR: a simple indexing and retrieval system for biological flat file databases  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......can be used to build a primary index. The flat file databank, SWISSPROT...shows the module that builds indices. Indexing SWISSPROT (release...deletion and length. After the completion of index building the system is ready for......

Chenna Ramu

2001-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

385

Field testing of paper/polymerized vegetable oil mulches for enhancing growth of eastern cottonwood trees for pulp  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Field studies of biodegradable polymerized vegetable oil-coated paper mulches were conducted to determine if these could replace non-degradable polyethylene mulches for stopping weeds and promoting growth of cottonwood trees. Tests were conducted over two growing seasons in two adjacent field sites in southeastern Missouri. At the end of the 2001 season, eastern cottonwood trees grown on the coated paper mulches had average heights (4.574.66m, 15.015.3ft), which were not significantly different from the control black polyethylene mulch (4.75m, 15.6ft). Tree heights were significantly less for uncoated paper mulch (4.45m, 14.6ft) or no mulch (3.90m, 12.8ft), presumably due to heavy weed growth around the trees. Uncoated paper mulch was extensively degraded after only about 4 weeks, while the coated paper persisted until the fall. Addition of ZnO to the oil coating delayed the onset of visible degradation, such as the formation of holes and tears, especially near the buried edge and above the drip tube. Similar results were seen for the 2002 study except that weed growth was not extensive so that tree heights for the mulched and bare plots were not significantly different. These results suggest that polymerized vegetable oil-coated paper mulches can function as effective mulches during the first year of tree growth, and thus, eliminate the need to use non-degradable polyethylene mulches.

Randal L. Shogren; Randall J. Rousseau

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

386

Vegetation dynamics and exotic plant invasion following high severity crown fire in a southern California conifer forest  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Early post-fire vegetation dynamics following large, severe forest fires are largely unknown for the southern ... to historic fire suppression. Vegetation in 38 forest stands was surveyed (2004, 2005, and...2 qua...

Janet Franklin

2010-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

387

Changes in Connecticut salt-marsh vegetation as revealed by historical aerial photographs and computer-assisted cartographics  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Procedures are discussed for the interpretation of historical aerial photographs for salt-marsh vegetation mapping, as are techniques for computer-assisted analysis of digital vegetation maps. The mappings ind...

Daniel L. Civco; William C. Kennard; Michael W. Lefor

1986-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

388

The impact of cattle grazing on salt marsh and elevated hummock vegetation communities of a Texas barrier island  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

To assess the effects of cattle herbivory on vegetation community structure and composition in a Texas coastal salt marsh, data measuring several vegetation parameters were collected in four distinct habitats within a heavily grazed marsh over...

Carothers, James Michael

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

389

Variety in Fruit and Vegetable Consumption and the Risk of Lung Cancer in the European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...Vegetable and fruit consumption has been hypothesized...cancer risk. The 2007 World Cancer Research Fund...vegetable and fruit consumption and energy intake increased with...fruit and vegetable consumption. Those reporting higher...

Frederike L. Bchner; H. Bas Bueno-de-Mesquita; Martine M. Ros; Kim Overvad; Christina C. Dahm; Louise Hansen; Anne Tjnneland; Franoise Clavel-Chapelon; Marie-Christine Boutron-Ruault; Marina Touillaud; Rudolf Kaaks; Sabine Rohrmann; Heiner Boeing; Ute Nthlings; Antonia Trichopoulou; Dimosthenis Zylis; Vardis Dilis; Domenico Palli; Sabina Sieri; Paolo Vineis; Rosario Tumino; Salvatore Panico; Petra H.M. Peeters; Carla H. van Gils; Eiliv Lund; Inger T. Gram; Tonje Braaten; Mara-Jos Snchez; Antonio Agudo; Nerea Larraaga; Eva Ardanaz; Carmen Navarro; Marcial V. Argelles; Jonas Manjer; Elisabet Wirflt; Gran Hallmans; Torgny Rasmuson; Tim J. Key; Kay-Tee Khaw; Nick Wareham; Nadia Slimani; Anne-Claire Vergnaud; Wei W. Xun; Lambertus A.L.M. Kiemeney; and Elio Riboli

2010-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

390

Supplement Analysis for the Transmission System Vegetation Management Program FEIS (DOE/EIS-0285/SA-15)  

SciTech Connect

BPA proposes to clear unwanted vegetation in the rights-of-ways and around tower structures that may impede the operation and maintenance of the subject transmission lines. Work also includes clearing of a small (<1/4 mile) section of access road. All work will be in accordance with the National Electrical Safety Code and BPA standards. See Section 1.1 of the attached checklist for detailed information on each section of the referenced transmission lines. BPA will conduct the vegetation control with the goal of removing tall-growing vegetation that is currently or will soon be a hazard to the transmission lines and where possible to promote low-growing plant communities in the right-of-way. This project meets the standards and guidelines for the Transmission System Vegetation Management Program Final Environmental Impact Statement (FEIS) and Record of Decision (ROD). The vegetation needing control is mainly Douglas Fir, Alder, and blackberries as indicated in Section 1.2 of the attached checklist. The work involved in the ROW includes: clearing tall growing vegetation that is currently or will soon pose a hazard to the lines; treating the associated stumps and re-sprouts with herbicide to ensure that the roots are killed preventing new sprouts; and selectively eliminating tall growing vegetation before it reaches a height or density to begin competing with low-growing vegetation. All work will take place in existing rights-of-ways and around transmission structures. All work will be accomplished by selective vegetation control methods to assure that there is little potential harm to non-target vegetation and to low-growing plants. The work will provide system reliability and fire protection. Also, all off right-of-way trees that are potentially unstable and will fall within a minimum distance or into the zone where the conductors swing will be removed. Access roads will be treated using mowing and herbicide applications. The work will provide system reliability. The subject transmission lines range from 115kV to 230kV and are made up of accompanying access roads, steel and wooden transmission line structures and associated switching platforms. The minimum clearance ranges from 21 feet for 115kV lines to 23 feet for 230kV lines. ROW easement widths vary along the length of the project. Vegetation control for this project is designed to provide a 3 year maintenance free interval. In summary, the overall vegetation management scheme will be to selectively remove tall growing vegetation then apply selective herbicide treatment using cut stump applications.

N /A

2001-06-19T23:59:59.000Z

391

Microsoft Word - 2005 Newsletter Index_v4_print.doc  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Newsletter Annual Index 2004-2005 Newsletter Annual Index 2004-2005 1 SEQUESTRATION IN THE NEWS............................................................................................ 2 EVENTS & ANNOUNCEMENTS ............................................................................................. 20 SCIENCE...................................................................................................................................... 23 POLICY ........................................................................................................................................ 29 GEOLOGY ................................................................................................................................... 41 TECHNOLOGY...........................................................................................................................

392

E-Print Network 3.0 - area index based Sample Search Results  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

considered separately. For index-based... via index page caching. We extend the simulation model of 3 to incorporate ... Source: Keller, Arthur M. - Department of Computer...

393

Massive-scale RDF Processing Using Compressed Bitmap Indexes  

SciTech Connect

The Resource Description Framework (RDF) is a popular data model for representing linked data sets arising from the web, as well as large scienti#12;c data repositories such as UniProt. RDF data intrinsically represents a labeled and directed multi-graph. SPARQL is a query language for RDF that expresses subgraph pattern-#12;nding queries on this implicit multigraph in a SQL- like syntax. SPARQL queries generate complex intermediate join queries; to compute these joins e#14;ciently, we propose a new strategy based on bitmap indexes. We store the RDF data in column-oriented structures as compressed bitmaps along with two dictionaries. This paper makes three new contributions. (i) We present an e#14;cient parallel strategy for parsing the raw RDF data, building dictionaries of unique entities, and creating compressed bitmap indexes of the data. (ii) We utilize the constructed bitmap indexes to e#14;ciently answer SPARQL queries, simplifying the join evaluations. (iii) To quantify the performance impact of using bitmap indexes, we compare our approach to the state-of-the-art triple-store RDF-3X. We #12;nd that our bitmap index-based approach to answering queries is up to an order of magnitude faster for a variety of SPARQL queries, on gigascale RDF data sets.

Madduri, Kamesh; Wu, Kesheng

2011-05-26T23:59:59.000Z

394

Record of Decision for the Transmission System Vegetation Management Program (DOE/EIS-0285) (07/00)  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

SYSTEM VEGETATION SYSTEM VEGETATION MANAGEMENT PROGRAM Record of Decision DOE/EIS-0285 Cooperating Agencies J U L Y 2 0 0 0 Bonneville Power Administration Transmission System Vegetation Management Program Record of Decision Table of Contents Summary of Decision .................................................................................................................................... 1 For Further Information .............................................................................................................................. 2 Background ................................................................................................................................................... 3 Decisions ........................................................................................................................................................

395

Patch mosaic of developmental stages in central European natural forests along vegetation gradient  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract The shifting mosaic of patches in different phases of forest development is a widely used framework for describing stand dynamics, structure and biodiversity in European temperate forests. In spite of the common application of patch mapping of developmental stages/phases, an objective and quantified evaluation of patch mosaics has been missing. This approach identifies patches of forest stand according to a developmental trajectory, from Growth, through an Optimum stage to Breakdown. Here we present the first attempt to compare quantitative and qualitative characteristics of patch mosaics of stand developmental stages using three decades of extensive data in five study sites along a vegetation gradient. We do this using the same, observer independent method based on an artificial neural network classifier. We also used the historical stem position datasets to evaluate the change of mosaic characteristics in time. Resulting patch patterns were analyzed by standard mosaic metrics commonly used in landscape ecology, evaluating area, shape, aggregation and connectivity of patches. The mean patch size of the mosaic of four developmental stages showed a relatively narrow range of 570800m2 in all study sites and censuses. The shape of patches in all sites and years had no significant differences, and the aggregation of patches of the same type was similar in all sites at the mosaic level. Conversely, we did find some stage-specific patterns. For example, the Growth stage was usually the most abundant (covering 2550% of the stand), and had the highest mean patch size, ranging between 590 and 2800m2. The Growth stage patches also had the most complex shapes. On the contrary, the Breakdown stage usually had the opposite values, forming constantly small (250720m2), simple and scattered patches in the mosaic. These basic traits were found in all study sites and were stable in time. We also found some common trends in the dataset, such as increasing mean patch size of the Breakdown stage along the altitudinal vegetation gradient. The complex Steady State stage was generally more abundant than expected according to results of other studies and thus might indicate processes that have not been well described in previous, subjective, applications of the patch mosaic paradigm.

Kamil Krl; Sean M. McMahon; David Jank; Duan Adam; Tom Vrka

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

396

Organic Vegetable Organic Vegetable  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

marketed separately from conventionally grown produce in order to be profitably sold. Because of the amount of organic material include compost, Purdue University · Cooperative Extension Service · Knowledge to Go

397

Site Index: Nuclear Engineering Division (Argonne National Laboratory)  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Site Index Site Index Welcome Organization Visit Argonne Work with Argonne Contact us For Employees Site Map Help Join us on Facebook Follow us on Twitter NE on Flickr Celebrating the 70th Anniversary of Chicago Pile 1 (CP-1) Argonne OutLoud on Nuclear Energy Argonne Energy Showcase 2012 Bookmark and Share Site Index A | B | C | D | E | F | G | H | I | J | K | L | M | N | O | P | Q | R | S | T | U | V | W | X | Y | Z A go to top About NE, see also Welcome from the Director Achievements Contact us Highlights Organization Visiting Argonne Welcome from the Director Working with Argonne Achievements, List of - Awards Patents Argonne Distinguished Fellows Professional Societies Nuclear Reactors designed by Argonne National Laboratory Advanced Reactor Development Aerosol Lab (facilities) ANL/NDM Reports (Nuclear Data and Measurements Series Reports and Related Material)

398

Indexing STI Products | Scientific and Technical Information Program  

Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

Indexing STI Products Indexing STI Products Print page Print page Email page Email page Indexed Data Fields Field Name OSTI Databases SciTech Connect Science Research Connection Authors x x Availability x x Conference Information x x Country x x Description/Abstract x x Descriptors x x DOE Contract Numbers x x Digital Object Identifier (DOI) x x Full-text x x Journal Issue x x Journal Name x x Journal Volume x x Keywords x x Language x x OSTI ID x x Patent Information x x Product Type x x Publisher Information x x Publication Date x x Reference Numbers x x Related Document Information x x Release Other x x Report Numbers x x Research Orgaization x x Subject Category Code Legacy x x Sponsor Organization x x Title x x Last updated: September 26

399

The equivariant index theorem in entire cyclic cohomology.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Let G be a locally compact group acting smoothly and properly by isometries on a complete Riemannian manifold M, with compact quotient. There is an assembly map which associates to any G-equivariant K-homology class on M, an element of the topological K-theory of a suitable Banach completion B of the convolution algebra of continuous compactly supported functions on G. The aim of this paper is to calculate the composition of the assembly map with the Chern character in the entire cyclic homology of B. We prove an index theorem reducing this computation to a cup-product in bivariant entire cyclic cohomology. As a consequence we obtain an explicit localization formula which includes, as particular cases, the equivariant Atiyah-Segal-Singer index theorem when G is compact, and the Connes-Moscovici index theorem for G-coverings when G is discrete. The proof is based on the bivariant Chern character introduced in previous papers.

Denis Perrot.; 3 (2009) 261-307

400

Supply Response and Impact of Government-Supported Crops on the Texas Vegetable Industry  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Supply functions, elasticity estimates, and nonjointness test results consistently indicated that few commodities compete economically in the production of six major Texas vegetables (cabbage, cantaloupes, carrots, onions, potatoes, and watermelons). Significant bias effects caused by government-supported commodities, fixed inputs, and technological change were observed and measured. Nonnested test results for the hypothesis of sequential decision making by vegetable producers were inconclusive, but they gave greater likelihood support to sequential than to contemporaneous decision making. Many crops are produced under provision of gov-ernment programs intended both to prevent severe drops in prices received by farmers and to limit supplies. Diversion payments, price supports, and acreage restrictions are examples of governmental policies designed to stabilize and control field crop production in the U.S, Vegetable production and marketing, on the other hand, are often subject only to minimum standards implemented by grow-ers associations and shippers to ensure quality of the fresh produce. Their prices are allowed to vary according to market conditions prevailing at the time of harvest. Meanwhile, health-conscious con-sumers are enhancing their diets by expanding con-sumption of vegetables. For example, per capita consumption of fresh vegetables in the U.S. has increased more than a third in less than 15 years, rising from 75 to 102 pounds between 1975 and 1989 (USDA). Texas is a major vegetable producing state. In 1989 it ranked sixth among the 50 states in value of vegetables produced and fourth in value of fresh vegetables produced (USDA). Considerable re-sources are devoted to them, and income generated from vegetable production and associated agribus-iness activities contribute substantially to the eco-

Fermin Ornelas; C. Richard Shumway

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "difference vegetation index" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


401

Bonneville Power Administration Transmission System Vegetation Management Program - Final Environmental Impact Statement  

SciTech Connect

Bonneville is responsible for maintaining a network of 24,000 kilometers (km) or 15,000 miles (mi.) of electric transmission lines and 350 substations in a region of diverse vegetation. This vegetation can interfere with electric power flow, pose safety problems for us and the public, and interfere with our ability to maintain these facilities. We need to (1) keep vegetation away from our electric facilities; (2) increase our program efficiency and consistency; (3) review herbicide use (under increased public scrutiny); and (4) maximize the range of tools we can use while minimizing environmental impact (Integrated Vegetation Management). This Final Environmental Impact Statement (FEIS) establishes Planning Steps for managing vegetation for specific projects (to be tiered to this Environmental Impact Statement (EIS)). In addition to No Action (current practice), alternatives are presented for Rights-of-way, Electric Yards, and Non-electric Facilities (landscaping, work yards). Four vegetation control methods are analyzed manual, mechanical, herbicide, and biological. Also evaluated are 23 herbicide active ingredients and 4 herbicide application techniques (spot, localized, broadcast, and aerial). For rights-of-way, we consider three sets of alternatives: alternative management approaches (time-driven or establishing low-growing plant communities); alternative method packages; and, if herbicides are in a methods package, alternative vegetation selections (noxious weeds, deciduous, or any vegetation). For electric yards, one herbicide-use alternative is considered. For non-electric facilities, two method package alternatives are considered. For rights-of-way, the environmentally preferred alternative(s) would use manual, mechanical, and biological control methods, as well as spot and localized herbicide applications for noxious and deciduous plant species; the BPA-preferred alternative(s) would add broadcast and aerial herbicide applications, and would use herbicides on any vegetation. Both would favor a management approach that fosters low-growing plant communities.

N /A

2000-06-23T23:59:59.000Z

402

The InterHourly-Variability (IHV) Index of Geomagnetic Activity and its Use in Deriving the Long-term Variation of Solar Wind Speed  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We describe the derivation of the InterHourly Variability (IHV) index of geomagnetic activity. The IHV-index for a geomagnetic element is mechanically derived from hourly values as the sum of the unsigned differences between adjacent hours over a seven-hour interval centered on local midnight. The index is derived separately for stations in both hemispheres within six longitude sectors using only local night hours. It is intended as a long-term index. Available data allows derivation of the index back well into the 19th century. On a time scale of a 27-day Bartels rotation, IHV averages for stations with corrected geomagnetic latitude less than 55 degrees are strongly correlated with midlatitude range indices. Assuming a constant calibration of the aa-index we find that observed yearly values of aa before the year 1957 are 2.9 nT too small compared to values calculated from IHV using the regression constants based on 1980-2004. We interpret this discrepancy as an indication that the calibration of the aa index is in error before 1957. There is no such problem with the ap index. Rotation averages of IHV are also strongly correlated with solar wind parameters (BV^2). On a time scale of a year combining the IHV-index and the recently-developed Inter-Diurnal Variability (IDV) index (giving B) allows determination of solar wind speed, V, from 1890-present. Over the ~120-year series, the yearly mean solar wind speed varied from a low of 303 km/s in 1902 to a high value of 545 km/s in 2003. The calculated yearly values of the product BV using B and V separately derived from IDV and IHV agree quantitatively with (completely independent) BV derived from the amplitude of the diurnal variation of the H component in the polar caps since 1926 and sporadically beyond.

Leif Svalgaard; Edward W. Cliver

2007-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

403

Video Analytics for Indexing, Summarization and Searching of Video Archives  

SciTech Connect

This paper will be submitted to the proceedings The Eleventh IASTED International Conference on. Signal and Image Processing. Given a video or video archive how does one effectively and quickly summarize, classify, and search the information contained within the data? This paper addresses these issues by describing a process for the automated generation of a table-of-contents and keyword, topic-based index tables that can be used to catalogue, summarize, and search large amounts of video data. Having the ability to index and search the information contained within the videos, beyond just metadata tags, provides a mechanism to extract and identify "useful" content from image and video data.

Trease, Harold E.; Trease, Lynn L.

2009-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

404

Indexes to Nuclear Regulatory Commission issuances, July--December 1995  

SciTech Connect

Digests and indexes for issuances of the NRC, the Atomic Safety and Licensing Board, the Administrative Law Judges, the Directors` Decisions, and the Decisions on Petitions for Rulemaking are presented in this document. These digests and indexes are intended to serve as a guide to the issuances. Information elements common to the cases heard and ruled upon are: (1) case name, (2) full text reference, (3) issuance number, (4) issued raised by appellants, (5) legal citations, (6) name of facility and Docket number, (7) subject matter, (8) type of hearing, and (9) type of issuance.

NONE

1996-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

405

Index to Evaluate Energy Efficiency of the Building HVAC System  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

1An Index to Evaluate Energy Efficiency of the Entire Building HVAC System Presented by Dr. Claridge Date: 09/15/2014 ESL-IC-14-09-15 Proceedings of the 14th International Conference for Enhanced Building Operations, Beijing, China, September 14..., Beijing, China, September 14-17, 2014 3 Why we need the Energy/Load Ratio 1. Building 2. HVAC Systems 3. Common Index Building sector consumes 40% of total energy usage in US (Residential buildings 22%, Commercial building 19%) HVAC systems...

Wang, L.; Wang, L.; Claridge,D.

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

406

Vibration intensity difference thresholds.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??The intensity difference threshold is defined as the difference in the intensity of two stimuli which is just sufficient for their difference to be detected. (more)

Forta, Nazim Gizem

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

407

Proposal of an environmental performance index to assess solid waste treatment technologies  

SciTech Connect

Highlights: Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Proposal of a new concept in waste management: Cleaner Treatment. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Development of an index to assess quantitatively waste treatment technologies. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Delphi Method was carried out so as to define environmental indicators. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Environmental performance evaluation of waste-to-energy plants. - Abstract: Although the concern with sustainable development and environment protection has considerably grown in the last years it is noted that the majority of decision making models and tools are still either excessively tied to economic aspects or geared to the production process. Moreover, existing models focus on the priority steps of solid waste management, beyond waste energy recovery and disposal. So, in order to help the lack of models and tools aiming at the waste treatment and final disposal, a new concept is proposed: the Cleaner Treatment, which is based on the Cleaner Production principles. This paper focuses on the development and validation of the Cleaner Treatment Index (CTI), to assess environmental performance of waste treatment technologies based on the Cleaner Treatment concept. The index is formed by aggregation (summation or product) of several indicators that consists in operational parameters. The weights of the indicator were established by Delphi Method and Brazilian Environmental Laws. In addition, sensitivity analyses were carried out comparing both aggregation methods. Finally, index validation was carried out by applying the CTI to 10 waste-to-energy plants data. From sensitivity analysis and validation results it is possible to infer that summation model is the most suitable aggregation method. For summation method, CTI results were superior to 0.5 (in a scale from 0 to 1) for most facilities evaluated. So, this study demonstrates that CTI is a simple and robust tool to assess and compare the environmental performance of different treatment plants being an excellent quantitative tool to support Cleaner Treatment implementation.

Goulart Coelho, Hosmanny Mauro, E-mail: hosmanny@hotmail.com [Federal University of Minas Gerais, School of Engineering, Department of Sanitary and Environmental Engineering, Bloco 2, Sala 4628, Av. Antonio Carlos, 6627 Pampulha, Belo Horizonte, Minas Gerais, CEP 30.270-901 (Brazil); Lange, Lisete Celina [Federal University of Minas Gerais, School of Engineering, Department of Sanitary and Environmental Engineering, Bloco 2, Sala 4628, Av. Antonio Carlos, 6627 Pampulha, Belo Horizonte, Minas Gerais, CEP 30.270-901 (Brazil); Coelho, Lineker Max Goulart [Ecole des Ponts ParisTech 6 et 8 avenue Blaise-Pascal, Cite Descartes Champs-sur-Marne, 77455, Marne-la-Vallee (France)

2012-07-15T23:59:59.000Z

408

The soil organic matter dynamic by using different compost organic manure in a vegetable system in North China  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

to cattle manure compost and biogas residue compost. Higherafter crop harvest in biogas residue compost treatment.2) cattle compost, 3) biogas residue, 4) control, no

Sun, Qinping; Li, Jijin; Liu, Bensheng; Zou, Guoyuan; Liu, Baocun

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

409

A Preliminary Feasibility Assessment of the RESNET HERS Index as an Alternative Compliance Path for the IECC  

SciTech Connect

This analysis provides a limited evaluation of the relationship between the Residential Energy Services Network (RESNET) Home Energy Rating System (HERS) Index and the simulation-based performance approach used in the 2012 International Energy Conservation Code (IECC). Not all differences between the approaches are analyzed here; only a few distinctions considered likely to result in quantifiable differences in the outcomes of the two approaches and for which available studies have not quantified those differences. This analysis establishes, for a single-family residence with gas heat and a crawlspace foundation, a set of climate-zone-specific, complying HERS Index values that could be used to inform the development of a HERS-based compliance path in the IECC.

Taylor, Zachary T.; Goel, Supriya

2013-12-02T23:59:59.000Z

410

CBER-DETR Nevada Coincident and Leading Employment Indexes Show a Pause in the Recovery  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

the Current Employment Statistics (Establishment Survey) back to January 2011. Figure 1 encompasses fourCBER-DETR Nevada Coincident and Leading Employment Indexes1 Indexes Show a Pause in the Recovery The Nevada Coincident Employment Index measures the ups and downs of the Nevada economy using an index

Ahmad, Sajjad

411

Detecting and Correcting the Index of DAE by the Combinatorial Relaxation Algorithm  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The mathematical modeling and simulation based on the Modelica language usually gets a high-index differential-algebraic equation (DAE) system. The structural index reduction algorithms can serve as a fast method to reduce such high-indexed issues. In ... Keywords: Modelica, differential-algebraic equation, index reduction, combinatorial relaxation algorithm

Yongxin Yan; Xiaolei Zhang; Xuesong Wu; Jianwen Cao

2011-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

412

Evolutionary stellar population synthesis with MILES I. The base models and a new line index system  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......index-index diagnostic diagram, or to compare their...index-index diagnostic diagrams for these samples in...webtools to facilitate the handling and transformation of...indices and diagnostic diagrams, ready to plot their...of any supplementary materials supplied by the authors......

A. Vazdekis; P. Snchez-Blzquez; J. Falcn-Barroso; A. J. Cenarro; M. A. Beasley; N. Cardiel; J. Gorgas; R. F. Peletier

2010-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

413

Indexes to Nuclear Regulatory Commission issuances, January--March 1996  

SciTech Connect

This publication is the 1st quarter 1996 index to issuances by the US NRC. These include issuances by the Commission, the Atomic Safety and Licensing Board Panel, the Administrative Law Judges, the Directors` Decisions, and the Decisions on Petitions for Rulemaking.

NONE

1996-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

414

Dietary Insulin Load, Dietary Insulin Index, and Colorectal Cancer  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...using national dietary data and the nutrient database...index and glycemic load values in the NIH-AARP...multivariate models (data not shown). After...intake of glycemic load did not change our...Management Service for data management. 1 Gapstur...status and post-load plasma glucose concentration...

Ying Bao; Katharina Nimptsch; Jeffrey A. Meyerhardt; Andrew T. Chan; Kimmie Ng; Dominique S. Michaud; Jennie C. Brand-Miller; Walter C. Willett; Edward Giovannucci; and Charles S. Fuchs

2010-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

415

Dimensionality of the USDA Food Security Index Amy G. Froelich  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Dimensionality of the USDA Food Security Index Amy G. Froelich Helen H. Jensen Iowa State University DRAFT: November 21, 2002 Report prepared under USDA Economic Research Service cooperative the first Food Security Supplement (Module) designed to measure the amount of food insecurity and hunger

Froelich, Amy G.

416

Domain boundary prediction based on profile domain linker propensity index  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Successful prediction of protein domain boundaries provides valuable information not only for the computational structure prediction of multi-domain proteins but also for the experimental structure determination. In this work, a novel index at the profile ... Keywords: Domain, Domain linker, Profile

Qiwen Dong; Xiaolong Wang; Lei Lin; Zhiming Xu

2006-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

417

Spring Semester 2006 Course Listings Index Architecture & Planning 2  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

IN ARCHITECTURE OR ENVIRONMENTAL DESIGN COURSES MAY BE LIMITED TO STUDENTS WITHIN THE COLLEGE ONLY, UNLESSSpring Semester 2006 Course Listings Index Architecture & Planning 2 Arts & Sciences 4 Business 54# Ca Time/Days Building/Roo College of Architecture and Planning edits seTitle ll# m Instructor Max

Mojzsis, Stephen J.

418

Spring Semester 2005 Course Listings Index Architecture & Planning...........................2  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

for eligibility 2 College of Architecture and Planning Environmental Design 168 (303-492-7711) ENROLLMENT IN ARCHITECTURE OR ENVIRONMENTAL DESIGN COURSES MAY BE LIMITED TO STUDENTS WITHIN THE COLLEGE ONLY, UNLESS1 Spring Semester 2005 Course Listings Index Architecture & Planning...........................2

Mojzsis, Stephen J.

419

FALL 2007 COURSE LISTING INDEX College / Department Page  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of Architecture and Planning Environmental Design 168 (303-492-7711) ENROLLMENT IN ARCHITECTURE OR ENVIRONMENTALFALL 2007 COURSE LISTING INDEX College / Department Page Architecture & Planning 2 Arts & Sciences ARE SUBJECT TO CANCELLATION IF ENROLLMENTS ARE INSUFFICIENT. Architecture IT IS THE STUDENT'S RESPONSIBILITY

Mojzsis, Stephen J.

420

Fall Semester 2006 Course Listings Index Architecture & Planning 2  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

IN ARCHITECTURE OR ENVIRONMENTAL DESIGN COURSES MAY BE LIMITED TO STUDENTS WITHIN THE COLLEGE ONLY, UNLESSFall Semester 2006 Course Listings Index Architecture & Planning 2 Arts & Sciences 4 Business 55/Roo College of Architecture and Planning edits seTitle ll# m Instructor MaxEnrollment Course# edits seTitle ll

Mojzsis, Stephen J.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "difference vegetation index" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


421

SPRING 2008 COURSE LISTING INDEX College / Department Page  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of Architecture and Planning Environmental Design 168 (303-492-7711) ENROLLMENT IN ARCHITECTURE OR ENVIRONMENTALSPRING 2008 COURSE LISTING INDEX College / Department Page Architecture & Planning 2 Arts ARE SUBJECT TO CANCELLATION IF ENROLLMENTS ARE INSUFFICIENT. Architecture IT IS THE STUDENT'S RESPONSIBILITY

Mojzsis, Stephen J.

422

Engineering http://www.sfsu.edu/~cse/wise/index.html  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Women In Science & Engineering http://www.sfsu.edu/~cse/wise/index.html WISE Scholarship COMPLETED UNITS ENROLLED FALL 2013 SFSU ID # SFSU GRADUATE G.P.A. DEPARTMENT I understand that if I also) in academic year 2013-14. 2. Student must have completed a minimum of 12 graduate units at SFSU. 3. Student

423

Engineering http://www.sfsu.edu/~cse/wise/index.html  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Women In Science & Engineering http://www.sfsu.edu/~cse/wise/index.html WISE Scholarship COMPLETED UNITS ENROLLED FALL 2012 SFSU ID # SFSU GRADUATE G.P.A. DEPARTMENT I understand that if I also. Student must have completed a minimum of 12 graduate units at SFSU. 3. Student must have a strong record

424

GRADIENT INDEX SPHERES BY THE SEQUENTIAL ACCRETION OF GLASS POWDERS  

SciTech Connect

The Department of Energy is seeking a method for fabricating mm-scale spheres having a refractive index that varies smoothly and continuously from the center to its surface [1]. The fabrication procedure must allow the creation of a range of index profiles. The spheres are to be optically transparent and have a refractive index differential greater than 0.2. The sphere materials can be either organic or inorganic and the fabrication technique must be capable of scaling to low cost production. Mo-Sci Corporation proposed to develop optical quality gradient refractive index (GRIN) glass spheres of millimeter scale (1 to 2 mm diameter) by the sequential accretion and consolidation of glass powders. Other techniques were also tested to make GRIN spheres as the powder-accretion method produced non-concentric layers and poor optical quality glass spheres. Potential ways to make the GRIN spheres were (1) by "coating" glass spheres (1 to 2 mm diameter) with molten glass in a two step process; and (2) by coating glass spheres with polymer layers.

MARIANO VELEZ

2008-06-15T23:59:59.000Z

425

ESTABLISHEMENT OF CRACK INDEXES BY ELECTRICAL APPARENT RESISTIVITY DATA  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

ESTABLISHEMENT OF CRACK INDEXES BY ELECTRICAL APPARENT RESISTIVITY DATA A. Samouelian (1,2), I is indeed well adapted to recognize the electrical resistant signature of crack filled by air during-destructive geophysical methods permits a 3D temporal monitoring of the cracking patterns. Electrical resis- tivity

Boyer, Edmond

426

Adaptive Wavelet Quantization Index Modulation Technique for Audio Watermarking  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Adaptive Wavelet Quantization Index Modulation Technique for Audio Watermarking Jong-Tzy Wang 1 , Ming-Shan Lai2 , Kai-Wen Liang2 , and Pao-Chi Chang2 1 Department of Electrical Engineering, Jin Wen Institute of Technology, Taiwan 2 Department of Communication Engineering, National Central University

Chang, Pao-Chi

427

Power law scaling of lateral deformations with universal Poissons index for randomly folded thin sheets  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We study the lateral deformations of randomly folded elastoplastic and predominantly plastic thin sheets under the uniaxial and radial compressions. We found that the lateral deformations of cylinders folded from elastoplastic sheets of paper obey a power law behavior with the universal Poissons index nu = 0.17 pm 0.01, which does not depend neither the paper kind and sheet sizes, nor the folding confinement ratio. In contrast to this, the lateral deformations of randomly folded predominantly plastic aluminum foils display the linear dependence on the axial compression with the universal Poissons ratio nu_e = 0.33 pm 0.01. This difference is consistent with the difference in fractal topology of randomly folded elastoplastic and predominantly plastic sheets, which is found to belong to different universality classes. The general form of constitutive stress-deformation relations for randomly folded elastoplastic sheets is suggested.

Alexander S. Balankin; Didier Samayoa Ochoa; Ernesto Pineda Leon; Rolando Cortes Montes de Oca; Antonio Horta Rangel; Miguel Angel Martinez Cruz

2008-08-24T23:59:59.000Z

428

EA-1863: Vegetation Management on the Glen Canyon-Pinnacle Peak  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

63: Vegetation Management on the Glen Canyon-Pinnacle Peak 63: Vegetation Management on the Glen Canyon-Pinnacle Peak Transmission Lines Spanning the Coconino National Forest, Coconino County, Arizona EA-1863: Vegetation Management on the Glen Canyon-Pinnacle Peak Transmission Lines Spanning the Coconino National Forest, Coconino County, Arizona Summary DOE's Western Area Power Administration is preparing this EA to evaluate the environmental impacts of updating the vegetation management and right-of-way maintenance program for Western's Glen Canyon to Pinnacle Peak 345-kV transmission lines, which cross the Coconino National Forest, Coconino County, Arizona. For more information on this EA, contact: Ms. Linette King at: lking@wapa.gov. Public Comment Opportunities No public comment opportunities available at this time.

429

Carbon Dioxide Emissions From Vegetation-Kill Zones Around The Resurgent  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Dioxide Emissions From Vegetation-Kill Zones Around The Resurgent Dioxide Emissions From Vegetation-Kill Zones Around The Resurgent Dome Of Long Valley Caldera, Eastern California, Usa Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Journal Article: Carbon Dioxide Emissions From Vegetation-Kill Zones Around The Resurgent Dome Of Long Valley Caldera, Eastern California, Usa Details Activities (2) Areas (1) Regions (0) Abstract: A survey of diffuse CO2 efflux, soil temperature and soil-gas chemistry over areas of localized vegetation-kill on and around the resurgent dome of Long Valley caldera California was performed to evaluate the premise that gaseous and thermal anomalies are related to renewed intrusion of magma. Some kill sites are long-lived features and others have developed in the past few years. Total anomalous CO2 emissions from the

430

Microsoft Word - Changes in Vegetation at the Monticello df.doc  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Changes in Vegetation at the Monticello, Utah, Disposal Site Changes in Vegetation at the Monticello, Utah, Disposal Site Linda Sheader and Marilyn Kastens The Monticello Disposal Site, located just south of the town of Monticello, Utah, contains a uranium mill tailings disposal cell with a vegetated cover. Successful long-term performance of the cover is in part dependent upon the success of the cover's plantings. The plants remove moisture from the cover's soil layer, thus minimizing percolation through the tailings and preventing leaching of contaminants from the tailings into groundwater. Since 2000, when revegetation was complete, annual monitoring has been conducted at the site to track the development of the plant communities and to compare them to final success criteria. This paper summarizes changes in vegetation across the site over seven growing seasons.

431

EA-1863: Vegetation Management on the Glen Canyon-Pinnacle Peak  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

3: Vegetation Management on the Glen Canyon-Pinnacle Peak 3: Vegetation Management on the Glen Canyon-Pinnacle Peak Transmission Lines Spanning the Coconino National Forest, Coconino County, Arizona EA-1863: Vegetation Management on the Glen Canyon-Pinnacle Peak Transmission Lines Spanning the Coconino National Forest, Coconino County, Arizona Summary DOE's Western Area Power Administration is preparing this EA to evaluate the environmental impacts of updating the vegetation management and right-of-way maintenance program for Western's Glen Canyon to Pinnacle Peak 345-kV transmission lines, which cross the Coconino National Forest, Coconino County, Arizona. For more information on this EA, contact: Ms. Linette King at: lking@wapa.gov. Public Comment Opportunities No public comment opportunities available at this time.

432

Effects of dynamic vegetation and topography on hydrological processes in semi-arid areas  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Ecosystems of dry climates represent a particularly interesting object for ecohydrological studies, as water is generally considered to be the key limiting resource. This work focuses on vegetation-water-energy dynamics ...

Ivanov, Valeri Yuryevich, 1974-

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

433

VEGETATION SUCCESSION AND ROOT PENETRATION ON THE LORRAINE COVER USED TO LIMIT ACID MINE DRAINAGE  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

1 VEGETATION SUCCESSION AND ROOT PENETRATION ON THE LORRAINE COVER USED TO LIMIT ACID MINE DRAINAGE as a fine-grained soil) can be low enough to limit the influx of oxygen, hence reducing the rate

Aubertin, Michel

434

Vegetative composition and community structure associated with beaver ponds in Canaan valley, West Virginia, USA  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Beavers (Castor canadensis...) can cause dramatic changes in vegetative composition and diversity. Although alterations by beaver have been studied extensively, little attention has been paid to the effects beave...

Jerri L. Bonner; James T. Anderson; James S. Rentch

2009-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

435

Soil Amendments Promote Vegetation Establishment and Control Acidity in Coal Combustion Waste  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The effects of adding various soil amendments and a pyrite oxidation inhibitor to aid in the establishment of vegetation and to reduce acid drainage (AD) from coal fly ash and coal reject (FA + CR*) were assessed...

R. M. Danker; D. C. Adriano; Bon-Jun Koo

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

436

Assessing general relationships between aboveground biomass and vegetation structure parameters for improved carbon  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Click Here for Full Article Assessing general relationships between aboveground biomass 2010; published 23 June 2010. [1] Lidarbased aboveground biomass is derived based on the empirical relationship between lidarmeasured vegetation height and aboveground biomass, often leading to large

Ni-Meister, Wenge

437

The effects of nutrition education on attitudes and behaviors of children regarding fruits and vegetables  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

curriculum has improved nutritional knowledge, attitudes, and behaviors regarding fruits and vegetables. One hundred and thirty - five students, representing ages five through twelve, approximately grades three through five, from four counties across...

Koch, Sharon Elaine, 1976-

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

438

Composition and relative health of remnant vegetation fringing lakes along a salinity and waterlogging gradient  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Groundwater salinity for the vegetation quadrats was approximated using ... E in the offline system. Using ArcGIS, salinity transects were created between the well locations where samples were taken and a salinity

T. K. Horsnell; K. R. J. Smettem; D. A. Reynolds

2009-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

439

Thermal Imaging of Vegetation to Detect CO2 Gas Leaking From Underground  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Thermal imaging of vegetation has been used to detect CO2 gas leaking from an underground gas reservoir. Plant stress caused by increased soil gas concentration results in warmer...

Shaw, Joseph A; Johnson, Jennifer E; Lawrence, Rick; Nugent, Paul W

440

Improvement in fresh fruit and vegetable logistics quality: berry logistics field studies  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...environment compiled and edited by Paul Tucker and James DeBonis Improvement in fresh fruit and vegetable logistics quality: berry logistics field studies M. Cecilia do Nascimento Nunes 1 Mike Nicometo 3 Jean Pierre Emond 4 Ricardo Badia Melis...

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "difference vegetation index" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


441

Improvement in fresh fruit and vegetable logistics quality: berry logistics field studies  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...Articles 1003 168 Theme Issue Intelligent food logistics: decrease waste and improve quality by new technologies...Lang Improvement in fresh fruit and vegetable logistics quality: berry logistics field studies M. Cecilia do Nascimento Nunes...

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

442

Coastal Marsh Vegetation Assemblages of Galveston Bay: Insights for the East Texas Chenier Plain  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Coastal marshes are composed of distinct vegetation assemblages that contribute to ecosystem functions and services over time and space. In recent decades, natural and anthropogenic changes have led to large-scal...

Jeremy S. Johnson; David M. Cairns; Chris Houser

2013-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

443

Vegetation, soils, and surface hydrology of playa landforms in the Rio Grande Plains, Texas  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Playas in the Rio Grande Plains of southern Texas were compared with respect to their: 1) size, shape, soil properties, and microtopography, 2) vegetation composition and structure, 3) surface water accumulation potential, and 4) disturbance history...

Farley, Andrea Lee

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

444

E-Print Network 3.0 - arctic vegetation amplify Sample Search...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Y N C H E T A L . 2001 American Meteorological Society Summary: vegetation, permafrost, soil, and the atmo- sphere to amplify ecosystem change. MacDonald et al. (1993... the...

445

Expansion of the world's deserts due to vegetation-albedo feedback under global warming  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

to a decrease of about 20 W m?2 in surface absorbed solar energy. Although acting on regional scale., 1999]. Vegetation feedback has also been shown to be of key importance in the drying of North Africa

Zeng, Ning

446

Flow and deposition in and around a finite patch of vegetation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This laboratory study describes the flow and deposition observed in and around a finite patch of vegetation located at the wall of a channel. Two patch densities are considered with 2% and 10% solid volume fraction. The ...

Zong, Lijun

447

Major World Ecosystem Complexes Ranked by Carbon in Live Vegetation: A  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

17 17 Major World Ecosystem Complexes Ranked by Carbon in Live Vegetation: A Database (Revised November 2000) J. S. Olson, J. A. Watts, and L. J. Allison DOI: 10.3334/CDIAC/lue.ndp017 In 1980, this data base and the corresponding map were completed after more than 20 years of field investigations, consultations, and analyses of published literature. They characterize the use and vegetative cover of the Earth's land surface with a 0.5° × 0.5° grid. This world-ecosystem-complex data set and the accompanying map provide a current reference base for interpreting the role of vegetation in the global cycling of CO2 and other gases and a basis for improved estimates of vegetation and soil carbon, of natural exchanges of CO2, and of net historic shifts of carbon between the biosphere and the atmosphere. The

448

Recent Changes in Arctic Vegetation: Satellite Observations and Simulation Model Predictions  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Chapter 2 Recent Changes in Arctic Vegetation: Satellite Observations and Simulation Model with a combination of satellite observations (Fig. 2.1) and field mea- surements, as projected by simulation modeling

Bhatt, Uma

449

Intercomparison of Simulated Global Vegetation Distributions in Response to 6 kyr BP Orbital Forcing  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The response of ten atmospheric general circulation models to orbital forcing at 6 kyr BP has been investigated using the BIOME model, which predicts equilibrium vegetation distribution, as a diagnostic. Several common features emerge: (a) ...

S. P. Harrison; D. Jolly; F. Laarif; A. Abe-Ouchi; B. Dong; K. Herterich; C. Hewitt; S. Joussaume; J. E. Kutzbach; J. Mitchell; N. de Noblet; P. Valdes

1998-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

450

CHARACTERIZATION OF MICROTOPOGRAPHY AND ITS INFLUENCE ON VEGETATION PATTERNS IN CREATED WETLANDS  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

CHARACTERIZATION OF MICROTOPOGRAPHY AND ITS INFLUENCE ON VEGETATION PATTERNS IN CREATED WETLANDS, Virginia, USA 20192 Abstract: Created wetlands are increasingly used to mitigate wetland loss. Thus, identifying wetland creation methods that enhance ecosystem development might increase the likelihood

451

Validity of the Graded Prognostic Assessment-Derived Index to Predict Brain-Metastatic Patients' Survival After Gamma Knife Radiosurgery  

SciTech Connect

Purpose: To appraise whether the graded prognostic assessment (GPA)-derived index is valid for selecting patients with brain metastases for Gamma Knife (GK) radiosurgery. Methods and Materials: A total of 56 consecutive patients in recursive partioning analysis (RPA) Class I (n = 19, 34%) and II (n = 37, 66%) formed the basis of this retrospective study. Their mean age was of 57 years with mean Karnofsky performance score of 77. Primary cancers stemmed mainly from the lungs (59%). A total of 45 patients (80%) harbored multiple tumors. The mean clinical follow-up period was 9 months. Results: Kaplan-Meier analysis demonstrated that the overall median survival time (MST) for the whole series was 11.5 months: 16.5 vs. 6.5 months for RPA class I and II (p = 0.017). Multivariate Cox analysis revealed that female patients and a pre-GK good functional state were favorable prognostic factors. The favorable MST was in patients with a GPA score of 3 to 4 (17 months) followed by a GPA score of 2 to 2.5 (11 months) and GPA score 0 to 1.5 (6.5 months), but without statistical differences (p = 0.413) in between. A modified index (MGPA) is proposed with gender as a cofactor, then there existed a distinct survival differences (p = 0.028) between patients with an MGPA score of 3.5 to 5 (15 months) and with an MGPA score of 0 to 3 (7 months). In addition, the original GPA index failed to imply the difference of MST in patients with lung origin. Conclusions: The GPA-derived index is not applicable to our set of patients for comparing their survival after GK radiosurgery. The gender of the patients is a suggested cofactor to further refine the greater prognostic accuracy of the GPA index.

Chiou, Shang-Ming, E-mail: tsmchiou@pchome.com.t [Gamma Knife Center, Department of Neurosurgery, China Medical University Hospital, Taichung, Taiwan (China)

2010-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

452

CURRENT ISSUE (/CONTENT/CURRENT) ARCHIVE (/CONTENT) NEWS & MULTIMEDIA (/MULTIMEDIA) FOR AUTHORS (/SITE/AUTHORS/INDEX.XHTML) ABOUT PNAS (/SITE/ABOUTPNAS/INDEX.XHTML)  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

(/SITE/AUTHORS/INDEX.XHTML) ABOUT PNAS (/SITE/ABOUTPNAS/INDEX.XHTML) Spatiotemporal reaction kinetics/misc/PNASalerts.xhtml) Subscribe (/site/subscriptions/index.xhtml) RSS (/site/aboutpnas/rss.xhtml) MOST READ MOST CITED (/content genes in the complete genome of Pacific bluefin

Ihee, Hyotcherl

453

An evaluation of low-density introductions of triploid grass carp in vegetated small sportfishing impoundments  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

AN EVALUATION OF LOW-DENSITY INTRODUCTIONS OF TRIPLOID GRASS CARP IN VEGETATED SMALL SPORTFISHING IMPOUNDMENTS A Thesis by BRIAN GENE BLACKWELL Submitted to the Office of Graduate Studies of Texas A&M University in partial fulfillment... of the requirements for the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE December 1993 Major Subject: Wildlife and Fisheries Sciences AN EVALUATION OF LOW-DENSITY INTRODUCTIONS OF TRIPLOID GRASS CARP IN VEGETATED SMALL SPORTFISHING IMPOUNDMENTS A Thesis by BRIAN GENE...

Blackwell, Brian Gene

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

454

Process Balances of Vegetable Oil Hydrogenation and Coprocessing Investigations with Middle-Distillates  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The hydrogenation of vegetable oil is a promising technology for the production of highly valuable diesel components. ... Finding a sustainable energy supplement as well as the need for carbon dioxide reduction leads to the necessity to integrate more and more renewable energy sources into the transportation fuel markets. ... A possibility for introduction of hydrogenated vegetable oils on the market is the coprocessing in conventional hydrotreater and hydrocracker units in a refinery. ...

Matthias Endisch; Thomas Kuchling; Jan Roscher

2013-03-19T23:59:59.000Z

455

Vegetative covers for sediment control and phosphorus sequestration from dairy waste application fields  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

VEGETATIVE COVERS FOR SEDIMENT CONTROL AND PHOSPHORUS SEQUESTRATION FROM DAIRY WASTE APPLICATION FIELDS A Thesis by SUBHASIS GIRI Submitted to the Office of Graduate Studies of Texas A&M University in partial fulfillment... of the requirements for the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE August 2008 Major Subject: Biological and Agricultural Engineering VEGETATIVE COVERS FOR SEDIMENT CONTROL AND PHOSPHORUS SEQUESTRATION FROM DAIRY WASTE APPLICATION FIELDS A Thesis...

Giri, Subhasis

2008-10-10T23:59:59.000Z

456

Evaluation of Vegetative Roofs' Performance on Energy Consumption in Hot and Humid Climates  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

States are incorporating vegetative roofs. The development in 1998 of the Leadership in Energy and Environmental Design (LEED) Rating System, a voluntary green building standard for grading buildings for their environmental performance, has..., we consulted online and in-print publications on vegetative roofs and sustainable architecture. In addition, we approached the U.S. Green Building Council's LEED program, since it is likely that such buildings are LEED certified, or have applied...

Anderson, J.; Azarbayjani, M.

457

Evaluation of vegetable oils for deep frying of batter-breaded meat nuggets  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

EVALUATION OF VEGETABLE OILS FOR DEEP FRYING OF BATIER-BREADED MEAT NUGGETS A Thesis by SHIRLEY ELIZABETH HOUSSON Submitted to the Office of Graduate Studies of Texas A&M University in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree... of MASTER OF SCIENCE August 1990 Major Subject: Food Science and Technology EVALUATION OF VEGETABLE OILS FOR DEEP FRYING OF BATTER-BREADED MEAT NUGGETS A Thesis by SHIRLEY ELIZABETH HOUSSON Approved as to style and content by: Ki Soon Rhee (Chair...

Housson, Shirley Elizabeth

1990-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

458

Canopy, litter and allelopathic effects of Ashe juniper (Juniperus ashei, Buchholz) on understory vegetation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

CANOPY, ~ AND ALLELOPATHIC EFFECTS OF ASHE JUNIPER (JUNIPERUS ASHEI, BUCHHOLZ) ON UNDERSTORY VEGETATION A Thesis by LISA YVONNE YAGER Submitted to the Office of Graduate Studies of Texas A&M University in partial fufillment... of the requirements for the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE December 1993 Major Subject: Range Science CANOPY, LIITER AND ALLELOPATHIC EFFECTS OF ASHE JUNIPER (JUNIPERUS ASHEI, BUCHHOLZ) ON UNDERSTORY VEGETATION A Thesis by LISA YVONNE YAGER Submitted to Texas A...

Yager, Lisa Yvonne

1993-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

459

Long-wave infrared imaging of vegetation for detecting leaking CO2 gas  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Long-wave infrared imaging of vegetation for detecting leaking CO2 gas Jennifer E. Johnson Joseph A for detecting leaking CO2 gas Jennifer E. Johnson,a Joseph A. Shaw,a Rick Lawrence,b Paul W. Nugent,a Laura M of these calibrated imagers is imaging of vegetation for CO2 gas leak detection. During a four-week period

Shaw, Joseph A.

460

Relation of Soils, Rainfall and Grazing Management to Vegetation, Western Edwards Plateau of Texas.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

for the Study of Vegetation .................................. 6 ............... Survey Procedure for the Inclined-point-contact Method 6 The Belt-transect Method ....................................................................... 7 Brush Survey.... These belts covered approximately the same area charted by the inclined-point-contact method. The belt transect used in this study was 1 . foot wide and 20 feet long. The zero point on the belt was maintained at the tagged stake. The . vegetation within...

Young, Vernon A. (Vernon Alphus); Thomas, Gerald W.

1954-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "difference vegetation index" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


461

Importance of plutonium contamination on vegetation surfaces at rocky flats, Colorado  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Vegetation samples collected at Rocky Flats, Colorado were ultrasonically washed to remove attached soil and then analyzed for 239, 240Pu and 238Pu. Mean plutonium concentrations for washed grass, forb and shrub samples were 1.12, 0.61, 0.03 pCi/g, respectively. This compared to a mean of 28.6 pCi/g for unwashed vegetation samples from an earlier study conducted in the same area at Rocky Flats. The mean plutonium isotopic ratio (239,240Pu/238Pu) of 27.2 in vegetation was lower than a ratio of 65.4 in soil, indicating possible differential behavior of the plutonium isotopes in vegetation. Soil attachment to above-ground plant parts ranged from 0.0 to 0.25g soil per g plant. The potential for plutonium contamination on plant parts due to soil attachment was estimated to range from 0.0 to 206 pCi/g. Plutonium on vegetation was concluded to be the major contributor to total plutonium associated with vegetation.

W.J. Arthur III; A.W. Alldredge

1982-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

462

ISET-Wind-Index Assessment of the Annual Available Wind Energy  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Particularly in years with wind speeds that are clearly below average, dissatisfaction of operators and even liquidity problems are sparked through the unexpected low annual power production. An objective standard for the evaluation of the respective wind year is required for the internal estimation of the performance of wind farms, and for justification to share owners and banks. The annual wind conditions are composed from such a multitude of meteorological situations, differing from location to location, that the available wind energy at every individual location develops totally differently. A single code is therefore not sufficient to describe the wind year in Germany and, moreover, the evaluation of annual available wind energy must be carried out separately for the smallest areas possible. With the support of the Gothaer Rckversicherungen AG, a procedure has been developed at ISET which provides the proportion of the respective annual available wind energy, in relation to the long-term average available wind energy, for each 10 km x 10 km sized plan area in Germany. This amount, the ISET-Wind-Index, is founded on wind measurements at locations that are typical for wind energy use and therefore presents an objective standard. The measurement grid is part of the Scientific Measurement and Evaluation Programme (WMEP), which accompanies the 250 MW Wind project of the German Federal Ministry for Economy and Labour. The ISET-Wind-Index, which will be regularly updated, provides an objective standard for the estimation of annual available

Berthold Hahn; Kurt Rohrig

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

463

DOE NEPA Guidance and Requirements - Search Index - Table of Contents |  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Table of Table of Contents DOE NEPA Guidance and Requirements - Search Index - Table of Contents Return to Download Page The DOE NEPA Guidance and Requirements - Search Index includes: NEPA Guidance and Requirements Documents Issued by Published A Brief Guide - DOE-wide Contracts For NEPA Documentation DOE 2003 A Citizen's Guide to the NEPA - Having Your Voice Heard CEQ 2007 A Resource Handbook on DOE Transportation Risk Assessment DOE 2002 Actions During the NEPA Process - Interim Actions DOE 2003 Administrative Record Guidance DOJ 1991 Aligning the NEPA Process with EMS CEQ 2007 Alternative Actions For Analysis in Site-wide NEPA Reviews DOE 1992 Amended Environmental Impact Statement Filing System Guidance EPA 2012 Analysis of Impacts on Prime and Unique Agricultural Lands and NEPA

464

DOE NEPA Guidance and Requirements - Search Index - List of Contents |  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

List of List of Contents DOE NEPA Guidance and Requirements - Search Index - List of Contents Return to Download Page The NEPA Guidance and Requirements - Search Index includes: A Brief Guide - DOE-wide Contracts For NEPA Documentation [DOE][2003] A Citizen's Guide to the NEPA - Having Your Voice Heard [CEQ][2007] A Resource Handbook on DOE Transportation Risk Assessment [DOE][2002] Actions During the NEPA Process - Interim Actions [DOE][2003] Administrative Record Guidance [DOJ][1991] Aligning the NEPA Process with EMS [CEQ][2007] Alternative Actions For Analysis in Site-wide NEPA Reviews [DOE][1992] Amended Environmental Impact Statement Filing System Guidance [EPA][2012] Analysis of Impacts on Prime and Unique Agricultural Lands and NEPA [CEQ][1980] Analysis of Impacts to Workers in NEPA Documentation [DOE][1988]

465

The whistler mode refractive index as a function of gyrofrequency  

SciTech Connect

The refractive index for a constant-frequency whistler mode wave in an electron-proton plasma is considered as a function of position, through the local gyrofrequencies {Omega}{sub e,i}. The full cold plasma dispersion relation is used. The wave frequency can take any value up to the smaller of {Omega}{sub e} and the plasma frequency {omega}{sub pe}, but {omega}{sub pe} is allowed to take any fixed value, as is the wavenormal angle. It is rigorously established that the refractive index is a decreasing function of {Omega}{sub e}. One application of this is to finding locations of Landau and cyclotron resonances, to evaluate the effects of whistler mode waves on radiation belt electrons.

Albert, J. M. [Air Force Research Laboratory/RVBX, Kirtland AFB, New Mexico 87117 (United States)

2011-08-15T23:59:59.000Z

466

Dark Matter Constraints from a Cosmic Index of Refraction  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The dark-matter candidates of particle physics invariably possess electromagnetic interactions, if only via quantum fluctuations. Taken en masse, dark matter can thus engender an index of refraction which deviates from its vacuum value. Its presence is signaled through frequency-dependent effects: the real part yields dispersive effects in propagation, and the imaginary part yields such in attenuation. We discuss theoretical constraints on the expansion of the index of refraction with frequency, the physical interpretation of the terms, and the particular observations needed to isolate its coefficients. This, with the advent of new opportunities to view gamma-ray bursts at cosmological distance scales, gives us a new probe of dark matter. As a first application we use the time delay determined from radio afterglow observations of gamma-ray bursts to limit the charge-to-mass ratio of dark matter to |\\epsilon/M|< 1.8 x 10^{-5}/eV at 95% CL.

Gardner, S

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

467

RESIDUA UPGRADING EFFICIENCY IMPROVEMENT MODELS: WRI COKING INDEXES  

SciTech Connect

Pyrolysis experiments were conducted with three residua at 400 C (752 F) at various residence times. The wt % coke and gaseous products were measured for the product oils. The Western Research Institute (WRI) Coking Indexes were determined for the product oils. Measurements were made using techniques that might correlate with the Coking Indexes. These included spin-echo proton nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy, heat capacity measurements at 280 C (536 F), and ultrasonic attenuation. The two immiscible liquid phases that form once coke formation begins were isolated and characterized for a Boscan residuum pyrolyzed at 400 C (752 F) for 55 minutes. These materials were analyzed for elemental composition (CHNS), porphyrins, and metals (Ni,V) content.

John F. Schabron; Joseph F. Rovani, Jr.; Francis P. Miknis; Thomas F. Turner

2003-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

468

Index of Subjects Abbreviations ix,203-6  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

chain polymers 13, 15-16,189 Carbon dioxide 128-9,176 Carbon fibre 57-8, 103, 189, 191-2, 200, 211, polymer 156-7,216 Allyl diglycol carbonate 113, 165-6 Allyl resins 165 Alumina 95 Aluminium 58 BisphenolA 19,30,217 Bitumen 181-2 230 #12;INDEX 231 Blends 122, 135, 155-8, 179, 214, 217, 223 Block

Hall, Christopher

469

Nystrm method for Cauchy singular integral equations with negative index  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In this paper, the authors propose a Nystrom method to approximate the solutions of Cauchy singular integral equations with constant coefficients having a negative index. They consider the equations in spaces of continuous functions with weighted uniform ... Keywords: 41A05, 41A10, 45E05, 65R20, Cauchy singular integral equations, Condition number, Fredholm integral equations, Gaussian quadrature rule, Lagrange interpolation, Nystrm method

M. C. De Bonis; C. Laurita

2009-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

470

Evaluating txdot's safety improvement index - a prioritization tool  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

........................................................................ 4 2.1 Hazard Elimination Program (HES) in Texas ....................... 4 2.2 SII Index Used by Other States.............................................. 7 2.3 Identification of Hazardous Locations................................... 15... District sends its list to the Traffic Operations Division, the office compiles all the projects and ranks each project using the Identification of hazardous locations by each district Submit list to the Traffic Operations Division of Tx...

Singi Reddy, Giridhar Reddy

2009-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

471

Evaluating txdot's safety improvement index - a prioritization tool  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

........................................................................ 4 2.1 Hazard Elimination Program (HES) in Texas ....................... 4 2.2 SII Index Used by Other States.............................................. 7 2.3 Identification of Hazardous Locations................................... 15... District sends its list to the Traffic Operations Division, the office compiles all the projects and ranks each project using the Identification of hazardous locations by each district Submit list to the Traffic Operations Division of Tx...

Singi Reddy, Giridhar Reddy

2008-10-10T23:59:59.000Z

472

KPV: A clear-sky index for photovoltaics  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract The rapidly growing installed base of distributed solar photovoltaic (PV) systems is causing increased interest in forecasting their power output. A key step towards this is accurately estimating the output from a PV system based on the known output from a nearby PV system. However, each PV system is unique with its own hardware configuration, orientation, shading, etc. Thus, the process of using the power output from one system to estimate the power output of another nearby system is not necessarily straightforward. In order to address these challenges, a modified clear-sky index for photovoltaics is proposed. This index is the ratio of the instantaneous PV power output to the instantaneous theoretical clear-sky power output derived from a clear-sky radiation model and PV system simulation routine. This definition performs better than previous clear-sky indices when both PV systems characteristics are known and the two PV systems have similar orientations. Through this index, the performance of a nearby PV system can be predicted quite accurately. This is demonstrated through the analysis of power output data from five residential PV systems in Canberra, Australia.

N.A. Engerer; F.P. Mills

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

473

Relation of PC index to the geomagnetic storm Dst variation  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Relationships between the polar cap magnetic activity index PC and the magnetic storm Dst index have been studied for the magnetic storms with duration more 12h and peak value Dst2mV/m. In particular, the anomalous magnetic storm on January 2122, 2005 occurring under conditions of northward IMF BZ (Du et al., 2008) is usual phenomena fitted well with the threshold restriction owing to the large IMF By component input. The maximal storm depression (the peak value of Dst) is linearly related to the quantities Em and PC, averaged for the time interval from the storm beginning to the storm maximum. The correlation between Dst and PC is more steady and larger than correlation between Dst and Em, the latter being dependent on Em value (effect of Dst saturation). The moment of the firm descent of the Em and PC quantities below the threshold level ?2mV/m is indicative of the depression damping and transition to the recovery phase. The results are consistent with the similar peculiarities revealed for substorms development (Troshichev and Janzhura, 2009) and support the conclusion that the PC index is a reliable proxy characterizing the solar wind energy having been entered into the magnetosphere.

O. Troshichev; D. Sormakov; A. Janzhura

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

474

An index for estimating resistance to infection in patients with burns  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The bactericidal index (BI), which measures the bactericidal capacity of polymorphs against bacteria isolated from burns, has been used to monitor susceptibility to infection in patients with burns. On admission, patients had different BI values against different bacteria but were only susceptible to infection when the \\{BIs\\} to bacteria on their burns was low. In patients where the BI was measured against the infecting strains of Staphylococcus aureus, BI values lower than those found in healthy volunteers occurred at the onset of septicaemia and abscesses. A low BI in patients infected with Pseudomonas aeruginosa coincided with high levels of endotoxin in their peripheral blood. Patients inoculated with a new polyvalent pseudomonas vaccine had a raised BI against all strains of P. aeruginosa tested.

E.A. Roe; R.J. Jones

1978-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

475

CROP SCIENCE, VOL. 51, JANUARYFEBRUARY 2011 323 Turfgrass quality is evaluated by integrating factors of can-  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

area index; NDVI, normalized difference vegetation index. Published in Crop Sci. 51:323­332 (2011). doiCROP SCIENCE, VOL. 51, JANUARY­FEBRUARY 2011 323 RESEARCH Turfgrass quality is evaluated

476

New frontiers in oilseed biotechnology: meeting the growing global demand for vegetable oils for food, feed, biofuel, and industrial uses.  

SciTech Connect

Vegetable oils have historically been a valued commodity for food use and to a lesser extent for non-edible applications such as detergents and lubricants. The increasing reliance on biodiesel as a transportation fuel has contributed to rising demand and higher prices for vegetable oils. Biotechnology offers a number of solutions to meet the growing need for affordable vegetable oils and vegetable oils with improved fatty acid compositions for food and industrial uses. New insights into oilseed metabolism and its transcriptional control are enabling biotechnological enhancement of oil content and quality. Alternative crop platforms and emerging technologies for metabolic engineering also hold promise for meeting global demand for vegetable oils and for enhancing nutritional, industrial, and biofuel properties of vegetable oils. Here, we highlight recent advances in our understanding of oilseed metabolism and in the development of new oilseed platforms and metabolic engineering technologies.

Lu, C; Napier, JA; Clemente, TE; Cahoon, EB

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

477

Rationale and Development of a Security Assurance Index with Application toward the Development of a World Risk Index  

SciTech Connect

Assurance categories were previously developed to support the Department of Homeland Securitys efforts in the mitigation of Cyber Control System events. Defined according to the risk of life and economic loss, the minimum range is designated by policy, whereas the maximum limit seems to be constrained only by limits and interdependencies of the event. Use of this life / assets scale has proven to be helpful in managing risk due to the scale's ease of use, communication, and understanding. Suggestions have been made that this scale could be applied to all events of terror, disaster, and calamity of an international scale, with equally good results. This paper presents the history of some existing scales of disaster and assurance, the rationale behind the development of the original Security Assurance Index, and our proposed scale of disaster and calamity as a World Risk Index.

M. M. Plum; G. A. Beitel, PhD

2006-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

478

Using Unmanned Helicopters to Assess Vegetation Cover in Sagebrush Steppe Ecosystems  

SciTech Connect

Evaluating vegetation cover is an important factor in understanding the sustainability of many ecosystems. Methods that have sufficient accuracy and improved cost efficiency could dramatically alter how biotic resources are monitored on both public and private lands. This will be of interest to land managers because there are rarely enough resource specialists or funds available for comprehensive ground evaluations. In this project, unmanned helicopters were used to collect still-frame imagery to assess vegetation cover during May, June, and July in 2005. The images were used to estimate percent cover for six vegetative cover classes (shrub, dead shrub, grass, forbs, litter, and bare ground). The field plots were located on the INL site west of Idaho Falls, Idaho. Ocular assessments of digital imagery were performed using a software program called SamplePoint, and the results were compared against field measurements collected using a point-frame method to assess accuracy. The helicopter imagery evaluation showed a high degree of agreement with field cover class values for litter, bare ground, and grass, and reasonable agreement for dead shrubs. Shrub cover was often overestimated and forbs were generally underestimated. The helicopter method took 45% less time than the field method to set plots and collect and analyze data. This study demonstrates that UAV technology provides a viable method for monitoring vegetative cover on rangelands in less time and with lower costs. Tradeoffs between cost and accuracy are critical management decisions that are important when managing vegetative conditions across vast sagebrush ecosystems throughout the Intermountain West.

Robert P. Breckenridge; Maxine Dakins; Stephen Bunting; Jerry Harbour; Randy Lee

2012-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

479

Remediation of Trichloroethylene-Contaminated Soils by STAR Technology using Vegetable Oil Smoldering  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Self-sustaining Treatment for Active Remediation (STAR) is an innovative soil remediation approach based on smoldering combustion that has been demonstrated to effectively destroy complex hydrocarbon nonaqueous phase liquids (NAPLs) with minimal energy input. This is the first study to explore the smoldering remediation of sand contaminated by a volatile NAPL (Trichloroethylene, TCE) and the first to consider utilizing vegetable oil as supplemental fuel for STAR. Thirty laboratory-scale experiments were conducted to evaluate the relationship between key outcomes (TCE destruction, rate of remediation) to initial conditions (vegetable oil type, oil:TCE mass ratio, neat versus emulsified oils). Several vegetable oils and emulsified vegetable oil formulations were shown to support remediation of TCE via self-sustaining smoldering. A minimum concentration of 14,000mg/kg canola oil was found to treat sand exhibiting up to 80,000mg/kg TCE. On average, 75% of the TCE mass was removed due to volatilization. This proof-of-concept study suggests that injection and smoldering of vegetable oil may provide a new alternative for driving volatile contaminants to traditional vapour extraction systems without supplying substantial external energy.

Madiha Salman; Jason I. Gerhard; David W. Major; Paolo Pironi; Rory Hadden

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

480

Effect of fatty acid composition in vegetable oils on combustion processes in an emulsion burner  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract The use of vegetable oils as a fuel in burners is an alternative which offers certain advantages over the use of vegetable oils in engines. The present work explores the use of four oils: rapeseed, sunflower, soya, and a commercial mixture-seed as heating fuel oil (HFO). The article relates the composition of the fatty acids in the various vegetable oils to the combustion products obtained in an emulsion burner. The work has been carried out in three stages. Firstly, describing the use of vegetable oils as a fuel and determining the fatty acid composition by proton NMR. Secondly, combustion of the vegetable oils studied is performed using an emulsion burner, varying the burner adjustments, and analysing combustion gases. Thirdly, exploring the link between the fatty acids contained in each oil and the combustion efficiency and combustion gas concentration for each oil type. Due to the fatty acids they contain, not all the oils behave equally, even though their description as fuels is very similar.

J. San Jos; M.A. Sanz-Tejedor; Y. Arroyo

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "difference vegetation index" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
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481

Performance of vegetated roadsides in removing stormwater pollutants  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

sections in two Texas cities: Austin and College Station. Three sites in each city were examined in this study over a 14-month monitoring period. No significant difference between the edges of pavement pollutant concentrations were observed at any...

Rammohan, Pavitra

2006-08-16T23:59:59.000Z

482

Global Emissions of Terpenoid VOCs from Terrestrial Vegetation in the Last Millennium  

SciTech Connect

We investigated the millennial variability of global BVOC emissions by using two independent numerical models: The Model of Emissions of Gases and Aerosols from Nature (MEGAN), for isoprene, monoterpene and sesquiterpene and Lund-Potsdam-Jena General Ecosystem Simulator (LPJ8 GUESS), for isoprene and monoterpenes. We found the millennial trends of global isoprene emissions to be mostly affected by land cover and atmospheric carbon dioxide changes, whereas monoterpene and sesquiterpene emission were dominated by temperature change. Isoprene emissions declined substantially in regions with large and rapid land cover change. In addition, isoprene emission sensitivity to drought proved to have signicant short term global effects. By the end of the past millennium MEGAN isoprene emissions were 634 TgC yr-1 (13% and 19% less than during during 1750-1850 and 1000- 15 1200, respectively) and LPJ-GUESS emissions were 323 TgC yr-1 (15% and 20% less than during 1750-1850 and 1000-1200, respectively). Monoterpene emissions were 89 TgC yr-1 (10% and 6% higher than during 1750-1850 and 1000-1200, respectively) in MEGAN, and 24 TgC yr-1 (2% higher and 5% 19 20 less than during 1750-1850 and 1000-1200, respectively) in LPJ-GUESS. MEGAN sesquiterpene emissions were 36 TgC yr-1 (10% and 4% higher than during1750-1850 and 1000-1200, respectively). Although both models capture similar We investigated the millennial variability of global BVOC emissions by using two independent numerical models: The Model of Emissions of Gases and Aerosols from Nature (MEGAN), for isoprene, monoterpene and sesquiterpene and Lund-Potsdam-Jena General Ecosystem Simulator (LPJ8GUESS), for isoprene and monoterpenes. We found the millennial trends ofglobal isoprene emissions to be mostly a*ected by land cover and atmospheric carbon dioxide changes, whereas monoterpene and sesquiterpene emission were dominated by temperature change. Isoprene emissions declined substantially in regions with large and rapid land cover change. In addition, isoprene emission sensitivity to drought proved to have signifcant short term global effects. By the end of the past millennium MEGAN isoprene emissions were 634 TgC yr-1 (13% and 19% less than during during 1750-1850 and 1000- 1200, respectively) and LPJ-GUESS emissions were 323 TgC yr-1 (15% and 16 17 20% less than during 1750-1850 and 1000-1200, respectively). Monoterpene emissions were 89 TgC yr-1 (10% and 6% higher than during 1750-1850 and 18 1000-1200, respectively) in MEGAN, and 24 TgC yr-1 (2% higher and 5% less than during 1750-1850 and 1000-1200, respectively) in LPJ-GUESS. MEGAN sesquiterpene emissions were 36 TgC yr-1 (10% and 4% higher than during1750-1850 and 1000-1200, respectively). Although both models capture similar emission trends, the magnitude of the emissions are different. This highlights the importance of building better constraints on VOC emissions from terrestrial vegetation.emission trends, the magnitude of the emissions are different. This highlights the importance of building better constraints on VOC emissions from terrestrial vegetation.

Acosta Navarro, J. C.; Smolander, S.; Struthers, H.; Zorita, E.; Ekman, A. M.; Kaplan, J. O.; Guenther, Alex B.; Arneth, A.; Riipinen, I.

2014-06-16T23:59:59.000Z

483

Influence of beaver impoundments on vegetative composition, and modeling habitat suitability as a tool for wildlife management and conservation.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Beavers (Castor canadensis) can have dramatic effects on vegetative communities through impounding streams and wetlands. These alterations may influence rare plant species where beaver create (more)

Bonner, Jerri LeAnne.

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

484

The influence of index-depressions in core-pumped Yb-doped large pitch fibers  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Rare-earth doped photonic crystal fibers rely ideally on an index matching of the doped core to the surrounding glass to work properly. Obtaining a perfect index matching is...

Jansen, Florian; Stutzki, Fabian; Otto, Hans-Jrgen; Baumgartl, Martin; Jauregui, Cesar; Limpert, Jens; Tnnermann, Andreas

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

485

E-Print Network 3.0 - availability index mwai Sample Search Results  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

DBMS... of the proposed cloud indexing service is part of our future work. 3.4 System Performance and Availability... A Framework for Supporting DBMS-like Indexes in the...

486

Measuring patients experiences with rheumatic care: the consumer quality index rheumatoid arthritis  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Rheumatologists and other caregivers can learn from patients experiences with the quality of care that can be measured with the CQ-index Rheumatoid Arthritis (CQ-index RA) survey. Patients with RA (n=590) rece...

Marloes Zuidgeest; Herman Sixma; Jany Rademakers

2009-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

487

E-Print Network 3.0 - air pollution index Sample Search Results  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

index Search Powered by Explorit Topic List Advanced Search Sample search results for: air pollution index Page: << < 1 2 3 4 5 > >> 1 BEAULANT, Anne-Lise, RANCHIN, Thierry, WEBER,...

488

Post-diagnosis weight change, body mass index, and breast cancer survival  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...Weight change and body mass index following a breast cancer...participation involved completion of a structured telephone...with the National Death Index through 2005. Hazard...breast cancer diagnosis to completion of the follow-up questionnaire...

Hazel Nichols; Amy Trentham-Dietz; Polly Newcomb; Linda Titus-Ernstoff; Crystal Holick; and Kathleen Egan

2007-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

489

Supplement Analysis for the Transmission System Vegetation Management Program FEIS (DOE/EIS-0285/SA-40)  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

9, 2002 9, 2002 REPLY TO ATTN OF: KEP-4 SUBJECT: Supplement Analysis for the Transmission System Vegetation Management Program FEIS (DOE/EIS-0285/SA-40) William T. Erickson - TFP/Walla Walla Natural Resource Specialist Proposed Action: Vegetation Management along the Allston-Keeler 500 kV Transmission Line ROW exclusive to BLM lands between 8/4 through 27/4. The proposed work will be accomplished in the indicated sections of the transmission line corridor with an average corridor width of 150 feet. Location: The ROW is located in Washington and Columbia County, in the State of Oregon, Olympia Region. Proposed by: Bonneville Power Administration (BPA). Description of the Proposed Action: BPA proposes to clear unwanted vegetation in the rights-of-ways

490

Frequently Asked Questions About Southwesterns Vegetation Management Strategy  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

OK 74103-3502 OK 74103-3502 918-595-6600 www.swpa.gov Vegetation Management Program - Frequently Asked Questions Question. Why does Southwestern have to keep its transmission corridor clear of trees? Answer. Southwestern's vegetation management goals are to promote safety, provide for main- tenance access, and ensure electric system reliability. Trees or other vegetation near a trans- mission line can conduct electricity and increase the chance of unintentional contact with people and pets. If electricity flows through a tree to the ground, that tree essentially becomes "electrified," and anyone touching that tree could sustain serious injury, even death, as electricity seeks a path to ground. Additionally, as the operator of nearly 1,400 miles

491

Supplement Analysis for the Transmission System Vegetation Management Program FEIS (DOE/EIS-0285/SA-35)  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

14, 2001 14, 2001 REPLY TO ATTN OF: KEP-4 SUBJECT: Supplement Analysis for the Transmission System Vegetation Management Program FEIS (DOE/EIS-0285/SA-35) James Jellison - TFO/Olympia Natural Resource Specialist Proposed Action: Vegetation Management along the Chehalis-Mayfield No. 1 230 kV Transmission Line ROW and the Mossy Rock-Chehalis Transmission Line ROW, between 7/1 to 27/10. The proposed work will be accomplished in the indicated sections of the transmission line corridor with an average corridor width of 162 feet. Location: The ROW is located in Lewis County, WA, being in the Olympia Region. Proposed by: Bonneville Power Administration (BPA). Description of the Proposed Action: BPA proposes to clear unwanted vegetation in the rights-of-ways

492

Columbia River Gorge Vegetation Management Project Final Environmental Assessment DOE/EA-1162  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

COLUMBIA COLUMBIA RIVER MANAGEMENT PR GORGE OJECT VEGETAT ON Final Environmental Assessment DO E/EA-l 162 BONNEVILLE row,. ..", ",,,,.,,0. W x ? -- -- ------ .- .-- b I . , (, I I I ( t ,1 ,0 , . ,' I , ,- , !" 1 , I I ,; ,, 1 1 I .1 . . COLUMBIA RIVER GORGE VEGETATION MANAGEMENT ENVIRONMENTAL ASSESSMENT (Hanford-Ostrander and North BonnevilI&Midway Transmission Line Rights-of-Way) Table of Contents Page . 2 3 pqose and Need Background hbfic evolvement Swq ' ' Decbions to Be Made PROPOSED A~ON AND ~~RNA~S Mtemative k No Action " Manual, Mechnical, and Biological Metbh - Ntemative W. Proposed Action- htegrated Vegetation Management ~) tih Herbicides Herbici& Meth& -. PhedActions Comparison of Mtematives ~ . . . . . . ti~D E~OW~ ~ E_O_~m .. CONSEQ~N~S Affmd Environment . Environment Consquen~ hti Use Soils Vegetation Water Resources WildlfeResources Air Quali@lGlobal Warning

493

Trajectories of change in sagebrush steppe vegetation communities in relation to multiple wildfires  

SciTech Connect

Repeated perturbations, both biotic and abiotic, can lead to fundamental changes in the nature of ecosystems including changes in state. Sagebrush-steppe communities provide important habitat for wildlife and grazing for livestock. Fire is an integral part of these systems, but there is concern that increased ignition frequencies and invasive species are fundamentally altering these systems. Despite these issues, the majority of studies of fire effects in Artemisia tridentata wyomingensis-dominated systems have focused on the effects of single burns. The Arid Lands Ecology Reserve (ALE), in south-central Washington (U.S.A.), was one of the largest areas of continuous shrub-steppe habitat in the state until large wildfires burnt the majority of it in 2000 and 2007. We analysed data from permanent vegetation transects established in 1996 and resampled in 2002 and 2009. Our objective was to describe how the fires, and subsequent post-fire restoration efforts, affected communities successional pathways. Plant communities differed in response to repeated fire and restoration; these differences could largely be ascribed to the functional traits of the dominant species. Low elevation communities, previously dominated by obligate seeders, moved farthest from their initial composition and were dominated by weedy, early successional species in 2009. Higher elevation sites with resprouting shrubs, native bunchgrasses and few invasive species were generally more resilient to the effects of repeated disturbances. Shrub cover has been almost entirely removed from ALE, though there is evidence of recovery where communities were dominated by re-sprouters. Cheatgrass (Bromus tectorum) dominance was reduced by herbicide application in areas where it was previously abundant but increased significantly in untreated areas. Several re-sprouting species, notably Phlox longifolia and Poa secunda, expanded remarkably following competitive release from shrub canopies and/or abundant cheatgrass. Our results suggest that community dynamics can be understood through a state-and-transition model with two axes (shrub/grass and native/invasive abundance), though such models also need to account for differences in plant functional traits and disturbance regimes. We use our results to develop an illustrative model that will be expanded with further research.

Davies, G. M.; Bakker, J. D.; Dettweiler-Robinson, E.; Dunwiddie, Peter W.; Hall, S. A.; Downs, Janelle L.; Evans, J.

2012-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

494

App to reality: snapshot validation of the US Pancreas Donor Risk Index in a UK center  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Background A pancreas donor risk index (PDRI) has been derived by Axelrod etal. to inform organ acceptance and developed into a smartphone app by Marc Melcher. This paper aims to validate the app for use in a single UK transplant center through a snapshot of donors and outcomes during one calendar year. Methods Donor details for all pancreas transplants performed in 2011 were collected from a prospectively maintained clinical database to calculate a PDRI using the Pancreas Transplant Donor Risk Index smartphone app. Results Ninety pancreas transplants were included in the analysis (72 simultaneous pancreas kidney [SPK], 18 pancreas transplant alone [PTA]). PDRI scores were found to be positively skewed compared with donors described in the US literature. The PDRI was predictive of poorer 1-y graft outcome in the SPK group but not in the PTA group. PDRI was not predictive of time to failure or failure cause. Conclusion Validation of the PDRI app against data from our center shows that it can be used as a tool to predict poorer graft outcome in the SPK group. However, it was not predictive in the PTA group, and differences in US and UK donor characteristics were evident. Development of a UK-specific PDRI may overcome these limitations.

Shruti Mittal; Edward Sharples; Fangjann Lee; Srikanth Reddy; Sanjay Sinha; Peter Friend; Anil Vaidya

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

495

THE BRAKING INDEX OF PSR J1734-3333 AND THE MAGNETAR POPULATION  

SciTech Connect

PSR J1734-3333 is a radio pulsar rotating with a period P = 1.17 s and slowing down with a period derivative P-dot =2.28x10{sup -12}, the third largest among rotation-powered pulsars. These properties are midway between those of normal rotation-powered pulsars and magnetars, two populations of neutron stars that are notably different in their emission properties. Here we report on the measurement of the second period derivative of the rotation of PSR J1734-3333 and calculate a braking index n = 0.9 {+-} 0.2. This value is well below 3, the value expected for an electromagnetic braking due to a constant magnetic dipole, and indicates that this pulsar may soon have the rotational properties of a magnetar. While there are several mechanisms that could lead to such a low braking index, we discuss this observation, together with the properties exhibited by some other high- P-dot rotation-powered pulsars, and interpret it as evidence of a possible evolutionary route for magnetars through a radio-pulsar phase, supporting a unified description of the two classes of the object.

Espinoza, C. M.; Lyne, A. G. [Jodrell Bank Centre for Astrophysics, School of Physics and Astronomy, University of Manchester, Manchester M13 9PL (United Kingdom); Kramer, M. [MPI fuer Radioastronomie, Auf dem Huegel 69, 53121 Bonn (Germany); Manchester, R. N. [Australia Telescope National Facility, CSIRO Astronomy and Space Science, Epping, NSW 1710 (Australia); Kaspi, V. M., E-mail: cme@jb.man.ac.uk [Department of Physics, McGill University, Montreal, QC H3A 2T8 (Canada)

2011-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

496

ERI: Environmental risk index. A simple proposal to select agrochemicals for agricultural use  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Agricultural production must respond to high-quality and improved environmental requirements. To choose adequate pest control strategies, it is necessary that there is knowledge to enable management of many agrochemicals parameters that offer sufficient information to take correct decisions. However, information about leaching, persistence, chronic and acute toxicology parameters, bioconcentration and others are hard to perform and analyze for persons without knowledge related with agrochemicals. The Environmental Risk Index (ERI) reported here permits the usage of available parameters of each different agrochemical. These include persistence (DT50), leaching, volatility, octanol-water coefficient (Kow), reference dose (Rfd), lethal dose (LD50) for non-target organism (mammals, birds, aquatic animals and insects). These can be compared in a simple way for many agrochemicals and ranked according to environmental risk. To assess the use of this index, ERI values were calculated for several agrochemicals used in USA and Europe and related to their detection in ground and surface water. These showed good correlations. This result allows consideration of the ERI as a useful screening tool to incorporate the environment into local or regional regulations and change criteria for individual agrochemical use according to soil, weather or crop management condition.

C. Alister; M. Kogan

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

497

Study of Compact Tunable Filters Using Negative Refractive Index Transmission Lines  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

NOMENCLATURE CTL Composite (right/left-hand) Transmission Line LH Left-Handed LHTL Left-Handed Transmission Line NRI Negative Refractive Index PRI Positive Refractive Index RHTL Right-Handed Transmission Line SRF Self-Resonant Frequency TL... NOMENCLATURE CTL Composite (right/left-hand) Transmission Line LH Left-Handed LHTL Left-Handed Transmission Line NRI Negative Refractive Index PRI Positive Refractive Index RHTL Right-Handed Transmission Line SRF Self-Resonant Frequency TL...

Lewis, Brian Patrick

2011-08-08T23:59:59.000Z

498

Illumina Unamplified Indexed Library Construction: An Automated Approach  

SciTech Connect

Manual library construction is a limiting factor in Illumina sequencing. Constructing libraries by hand is costly, time-consuming, low-throughput, and ergonomically hazardous, and constructing multiple libraries introduces risk of library failure due to pipetting errors. The ability to construct multiple libraries simultaneously in automated fashion represents significant cost and time savings. Here we present a strategy to construct up to 96 unamplified indexed libraries using Illumina TruSeq reagents and a Biomek FX robotic platform. We also present data to indicate that this library construction method has little or no risk of cross-contamination between samples.

Hack, Christopher A.; Sczyrba, Alexander; Cheng, Jan-Fang

2011-03-21T23:59:59.000Z

499

Tri-Cities Index of Innovation and Technology  

SciTech Connect

In 2001 and 2004, the Economic Development Office of Pacific Northwest National Laboratory published companion reports to the Washington Technology Center Index studies that provided additional information on the Tri-Cities (Kennewick-Richland-Pasco) area of the state, its technology businesses, and important advantages that the Tri-Cities have as places to live and do business. These reports also compared the Tri-Cities area to other technology-based metropolitan areas in the Pacific Northwest and nation along critical dimensions known to be important to technology firms. This report updates the material in these earlier reports, and highlights a growing Tri-Cities metropolitan area.

Fowler, Richard A.; Scott, Michael J.; Butner, Ryan S.

2011-01-17T23:59:59.000Z

500

Trie Indexes for Efficient XML Query Evaluation Sofia Brenes, Yuqing Wu, Dirk Van Gucht, Pablo Santa Cruz  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

] construct a complete summary of every path in an XML document; the 1-index, 2-index, and T-index [15] useTrie Indexes for Efficient XML Query Evaluation Sof´ia Brenes, Yuqing Wu, Dirk Van Gucht, Pablo indexes and lookup algorithms. In this paper, we leverage the results of our re- search on coupling

Wu, Yuqing Melanie