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Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "diego scripps hydrodynamic" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
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We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
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1

University of California, San Diego (Scripps) | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

(Scripps) (Scripps) Jump to: navigation, search Hydro | Hydrodynamic Testing Facilities Name University of California, San Diego (Scripps) Address Scripps Institution of Oceanography, 8825 Biological Grade Place La Jolla, California Zip 92037 Sector Hydro Phone number (858) 534-4303 Website http://hydraulicslab.ucsd.edu/ Coordinates 32.8696162°, -117.2526848° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":32.8696162,"lon":-117.2526848,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

2

Scripps Channel 1 | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Scripps Channel 1 Scripps Channel 1 Jump to: navigation, search Basic Specifications Facility Name Scripps Channel 1 Overseeing Organization University of California, San Diego (Scripps) Hydrodynamic Testing Facility Type Channel Length(m) 44.5 Beam(m) 2.4 Depth(m) 2.4 Cost(per day) Contact POC Special Physical Features Strategically placed windows, longest being 5.5m, allow optical access from side Towing Capabilities Towing Capabilities Yes Maximum Velocity(m/s) 2 Length of Effective Tow(m) 7.0 Wavemaking Capabilities Wavemaking Capabilities Yes Maximum Wave Height(m) 0.6 Maximum Wave Height(m) at Wave Period(s) 10.0 Wave Period Range(s) 10.0 Current Velocity Range(m/s) 0.0 Programmable Wavemaking Yes Wavemaking Description Function Generator or user provided Wave Direction Uni-Directional

3

Scripps Flume | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Basic Specifications Facility Name Scripps Flume Overseeing Organization University of California, San Diego (Scripps) Hydrodynamic Testing Facility Type Flume Length(m) 16.0 Beam(m) 1.1 Depth(m) 1.1 Cost(per day) Contact POC Special Physical Features Double sided glass wall test section. Towing Capabilities Towing Capabilities None Wavemaking Capabilities Wavemaking Capabilities None Channel/Tunnel/Flume Channel/Tunnel/Flume Yes Velocity(m/s) 1.25 Recirculating No Wind Capabilities Wind Capabilities None Control and Data Acquisition Description Data only, control system separate, pc based, Measurement Computing PCI-DAS6014 card, 16 channel, 16 bit. DAS-Wizard software. Number of channels 16 Bandwidth(kHz) .1 Hz; dependent on number of channels and computer speed

4

Scripps Channel 2 | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Channel 2 Channel 2 Jump to: navigation, search Basic Specifications Facility Name Scripps Channel 2 Overseeing Organization University of California, San Diego (Scripps) Hydrodynamic Testing Facility Type Channel Length(m) 33.0 Beam(m) 0.5 Depth(m) 0.5 Cost(per day) Contact POC Special Physical Features All side walls and 11m of the tank bottom are glass to provide optical access. Towing Capabilities Towing Capabilities Yes Maximum Velocity(m/s) 0.7 Length of Effective Tow(m) 20.0 Wavemaking Capabilities Wavemaking Capabilities Yes Maximum Wave Height(m) 0.3 Maximum Wave Height(m) at Wave Period(s) 10.0 Wave Period Range(s) 0.0 Current Velocity Range(m/s) 0.0 Programmable Wavemaking Yes Wavemaking Description Function Generator or user provided Wave Direction Uni-Directional

5

Center for Environment and National Security at Scripps | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

National Security at Scripps National Security at Scripps Jump to: navigation, search Logo: Center for Environment and National Security at Scripps Name Center for Environment and National Security at Scripps Place San Diego, California Website http://sio.ucsd.edu/cens/ References CENS - About[1] LinkedIn Connections Contents 1 Overview 2 Headlines 3 Resources 3.1 CENS Programs 3.2 CENS Tools 4 References Overview Center for Environment and National Security at Scripps is an organization based in San Diego, California. "The Center uses the formidable science and research capacity of Scripps Institution of Oceanography to clarify significant environmental impacts on our national security and international human security, thus bringing information to policy makers for the resolution of society's most pressing

6

CALIFORNIA SEA GRANT COLLEGE PROGRAM Scripps Institution of Oceanography  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Program Directory 2012 #12;CALIFORNIA SEA GRANT COLLEGE PROGRAM Scripps Institution of Oceanography University of California San Diego 9500 Gilman Drive #0231 La Jolla CA 92093-0231 (858) 534-4446 www Administration, by the University of California, the California Natural Resources Agency, the California Ocean

Jaffe, Jules

7

Final Report for Research Conducted at The Scripps Institution of Oceanography, University of California San Diego from 2/2002 to 8/2003 for ''Aerosol and Cloud-Field Radiative Effects in the Tropical Western Pacific: Analyses and General Circulation Model Parameterizations''  

SciTech Connect

OAK-B135 Final report from the University of California San Diego for an ongoing research project that was moved to Brookhaven National Laboratory where proposed work will be completed. The research uses measurements made by the Atmospheric Radiation Measurement (ARM) Program to quantify the effects of aerosols and clouds on the Earth's energy balance in the climatically important Tropical Western Pacific.

Vogelmann, A. M.

2004-01-27T23:59:59.000Z

8

TWO CHEMICAL SPILL PATTERNS IN TIDALLY DOMINATED SAN DIEGO BAY  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

6 TWO CHEMICAL SPILL PATTERNS IN TIDALLY DOMINATED SAN DIEGO BAY Peter C. Chu and Kleanthis, Inc., 70 Dean Knauss Drive, Narragansett, RI 02882, USA ABSTRACT A coupled hydrodynamic-chemical spill model is used to investigate the chemical spill in the San Diego Bay. The hydrodynamic model shows

Chu, Peter C.

9

The George H. Scripps Memorial Marine Biological Laboratory of the Scripps Institution of Oceanography, University of California, San Diego  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

room, and from it extend steam and condensate pipes from thelocations. Existing steam and condensate piping originatesthis system, new steam supply and condensate return lines

Shor, George G Jr.; Shor, Elizabeth N; Spiess, Fred N

1979-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

10

The George H. Scripps Memorial Marine Biological Laboratory of the Scripps Institution of Oceanography, University of California, San Diego  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

the glass sidewalk lights. Plywood was installed over all ofpaint below. Most of the plywood covers were removed fromlower halves covered with plywood; the second window from

Shor, George G Jr.; Shor, Elizabeth N; Spiess, Fred N

1979-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

11

Scripps Institution of Oceanography: Probing the Oceans  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

SanDiego,California921 Leucadia CA 92024 Other books by Elizabeth N. Shor: Fossils and Flies. Watching Waves in Land and Sea: The Institute of Geophysics and Planetary Physics ....... 149 8- bles the sound waves, and churns the stomach. But its power and its mystery hold some people in a spell

Constable, Steve

12

San Diego Bay Bibliography  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

SDGE power plant; bay ABSTRACT: The marine organisms ofMarine Research KEYWORDS: San Diego Bay; programs; bay South Bay PowerMarine Organisms of South San Diego Bay and the Ecological Effects of Power

Brueggeman, Peter

1994-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

13

scripps institution of oceanography, university of california, san diego Earth Section  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

a success: Angela Menoutis, Kevin and Suzanne Anderson, Tom Davidson, Paul Cirillo, Dave Rieur, Michelle, Karilyn Johanesen, Ryan Kanyuck, Jayson Kolb, Jocelyn Leung, Amanda Lu, James Lyon, Amanda Majewski, Judy

Russell, Lynn

14

COUNTY OF SAN DIEGO Energy Upgrade San Diego  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

) $ 60,250 San Diego Co. Water Authority (building owner incentives) $ 150,000 San Diego EnergySoft CalCerts, Inc. Strategic Energy Innovations Manpower CBPCA Partnering Clean EnergyCOUNTY OF SAN DIEGO Energy Upgrade San Diego Summary Sheet ARRA EECBG Discretionary Funding

15

scripps institution of oceanography, university of california, san diego Cecil H. & Ida M. Green Institute of Geophysics & Planetary Physics  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Philippine Sea Experiment Over the past year I have been partipating in the planning for a new ocean acoustic in the Philippine Sea starting in 2009 and ending in 2011. The experiment takes place in a challenging and dynamic

Constable, Steve

16

scripps institution of oceanography, university of california, san diego Cecil H. & Ida M. Green Institute of Geophysics & Planetary Physics  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

- ing Philippine Sea Experiment Over the past year I have been partipating in an ocean acoustic in the Philippine Sea starting in 2009 and ending in 2011. This location is in a chal- lenging and dynamic part

Constable, Steve

17

scripps institution of oceanography, university of california, san diego Cecil H. & Ida M. Green Institute of Geophysics & Planetary Physics  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

deployment June 2007 Miller Seahurst, Puget Sound 1 day Scientist 34 ASG Kauai Acoustic SeaGlider August 2006 Napoli Explorer Kauai 2 days Scientist 33 ASG MB06 Acoustic SeaGlider August 2006 John Martin Montague Philippine Sea 14 days Scientist 31 NPAL LOAPEX September 2004 Melville North Pacific 30 day Scientist #12

Constable, Steve

18

scripps institution of oceanography, university of california, san diego Cecil H. & Ida M. Green Institute of Geophysics & Planetary Physics  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

a direct hit on the island of Kauai. Over a period of only three hours, the category-3 hurricane caused for relatively rare central Pacific hurricanes. Although Kauai has been impacted by three hurricanes since have arisen; such as "the volcanoes protect us," "only Kauai gets hit," or "there is no Hawaiian word

Constable, Steve

19

Cecil H. & Ida M. Green Institute of Geophysics & Planetary Physics scripps institution of oceanography, university of california, san diego  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

1 13 7 1 5 Mineral & Energy Economics 73 14 57 2 41 11 13 18 Electrical Engineering & Computer Economics and Business 8 30 7 19 5 2 11 Mineral & Energy Economics 44 26 3 15 5 1 9 Operations Research Japan 10 0 10 7 0 7 Spain 2 0 2 3 2 1 Burma 1 0 1 0 0 0 Jordan 0 0 0 0 0 0 Sri Lanka 1 0 1 1 0 1

Constable, Steve

20

scripps institution of oceanography, university of california, san diego Cecil H. & Ida M. Green Institute of Geophysics & Planetary Physics  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

., Parker fiberoptics, Zumberge fluid mechanics, Ireley geodesy, Agnew, Fang, Fialko, Sasagawa geodynamics landscape systems, Werner lidar, Kent lunar magnetism and seismology, Johnson marine electromagnetic-PBO instruments with opera- tion supported as part of PBO. The first PBO instrument was a second system at DHL

Constable, Steve

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "diego scripps hydrodynamic" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


21

scripps institution of oceanography, university of california, san diego Cecil H. & Ida M. Green Institute of Geophysics & Planetary Physics  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

or other devices such as calculators, PDAs and cell phones, unless explicitly au- thorized; acquiring to be a certain amount of consistency when handling such issues, so if a member of the Mines community has grounds

Constable, Steve

22

scripps institution of oceanography, university of california, san diego Cecil H. & Ida M. Green Institute of Geophysics & Planetary Physics  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

on a quiz, test or exami- nation; using books, notes or other devices such as calcula- tors, PDAs and cell

Constable, Steve

23

scripps institution of oceanography, university of california, san diego Cecil H. & Ida M. Green Institute of Geophysics & Planetary Physics  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

such as calcula- tors, PDAs and cell phones, unless explicitly authorized; acquiring without authorization copies

Constable, Steve

24

Better Buildings Neighborhood Program: San Diego  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Diego to Diego to someone by E-mail Share Better Buildings Neighborhood Program: San Diego on Facebook Tweet about Better Buildings Neighborhood Program: San Diego on Twitter Bookmark Better Buildings Neighborhood Program: San Diego on Google Bookmark Better Buildings Neighborhood Program: San Diego on Delicious Rank Better Buildings Neighborhood Program: San Diego on Digg Find More places to share Better Buildings Neighborhood Program: San Diego on AddThis.com... Better Buildings Residential Network Progress Stories Interviews Videos Events Quick Links to Partner Information AL | AZ | CA | CO | CT FL | GA | IL | IN | LA ME | MD | MA | MI | MO NE | NV | NH | NJ | NY NC | OH | OR | PA | SC TN | TX | VT | VI | VA WA | WI San Diego County, California Energy Upgrade California Motivates Home Improvements in San Diego County

25

Modern Records of Atmospheric Oxygen (O2) from Scripps Institution of  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Atmospheric Trace Gases » Oxygen » Modern Records of Atmospheric Oxygen Atmospheric Trace Gases » Oxygen » Modern Records of Atmospheric Oxygen (O2) from Scripps Institution of Oceanography Modern Records of Atmospheric Oxygen (O2) from Scripps Institution of Oceanography Introduction This page provides an introduction and links to records of atmospheric oxygen (O2) concentrations at nine currently active stations. Records since 1989 are available from Scripps Pier and Alert, Alaska, although these are not continuous. Continuous records from seven stations extend back to 1993, and data for the other two stations (Cold Bay, Alaska and Palmer Station, Antarctica) are available back to the mid 1990s. These data are from remote locations or other locations situated so that they represent averages over large portions of the globe rather than local background sources.

26

Center for Environment and National Security at Scripps Feed | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Environment and National Security at Scripps Feed Environment and National Security at Scripps Feed Jump to: navigation, search Home | About | Inventory | Partnerships | Capacity Building | Webinars | Reports | Events | News | List Serve CLEAN Member Feeds Center for Environment and National Security at Scripps Centro de Energías Renovables (CER) The Children's Investment Fund Foundation (CIFF) Climate and Development Knowledge Network (CDKN) Climate Technology Initiative (CTI) ClimateWorks Foundation Coalition for Rainforest Nations (CfRN) Ecofys Energy Research Centre of the Netherlands (ECN) Energy Sector Management Assistance Program of the World Bank (ESMAP) Environment and Development Action in the Third World (ENDA-TM) German Aerospace Center (DLR) German Agency for International Cooperation (GIZ) Global Village Energy Partnership (GVEP)

27

Solar America City - San Diego, California  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

This fact sheet highlights San Diego, California, as a DOE Solar America City. Through various collaborations at the local level, San Diego has a goal of 50 megawatts of solar installed by 2010.

Not Available

2008-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

28

City of San Diego- Sustainable Building Policy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

The City of San Diegos Sustainable Building Policy is directed by Council Policy 900-14. The policy contains regulations regarding building measures, private-sector incentives, health and...

29

San Diego County - Wind Regulations (California) | Department...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Wind Regulations (California) San Diego County - Wind Regulations (California) < Back Eligibility Commercial Industrial Residential Savings Category Wind Buying & Making...

30

Kurt M. Schaefer Inter-American Tropical Tuna Commission. Scripps Institution of Oceanography  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Kurt M. Schaefer Inter-American Tropical Tuna Commission. Scripps Institution of Oceanography 8604 of yellowfin tuna, Thunnus albacares, near Clipperton Atoll in the eastern Pacific Ocean 98 Abstract.-Spawning of yellowfin tuna, Thunnus albacares, around Clipperton Atoll, in the eastern Pacific Ocean, occurred between

31

2012 National Electric Transmission Congestion Study - San Diego...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

San Diego Workshop 2012 National Electric Transmission Congestion Study - San Diego Workshop On December 15, 2011, DOE hosted a regional pre-study workshop in San Diego, CA to...

32

San Diego, CA Liquefied Natural Gas Exports to Mexico (Dollars...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

San Diego, CA Liquefied Natural Gas Exports to Mexico (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet) San Diego, CA Liquefied Natural Gas Exports to Mexico (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet)...

33

Alternative Fuels Data Center: San Diego Leads in Promoting EVs  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

San Diego Leads in San Diego Leads in Promoting EVs to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: San Diego Leads in Promoting EVs on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: San Diego Leads in Promoting EVs on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: San Diego Leads in Promoting EVs on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: San Diego Leads in Promoting EVs on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: San Diego Leads in Promoting EVs on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: San Diego Leads in Promoting EVs on AddThis.com... Sept. 3, 2011 San Diego Leads in Promoting EVs W atch how San Diego is leading the way in promoting electric vehicles. For information about this project, contact San Diego Regional Clean Cities

34

A Preliminary Report on Expeditions Monsoon and Lusiad 1960 - 1963 University of Calilfornia, San Diego Scripps Institution of Oceanography Cruises to the Indian Ocean  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Dr. VEEVERS, J. J. , Dr. MONSOON - R/V Argo Crew: ARMSTRONG,but not occurring in MONSOON samples include: 1. AbylaThe Chaetognatha of the MONSOON Expedition in the Indian

Fisher, Robert L

1964-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

35

Clean Tech San Diego | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

San Diego San Diego Jump to: navigation, search Name Clean Tech San Diego Address 4510 Executive Drive Place San Diego, California Zip 92121 Region Southern CA Area Notes Non-profit membership organization formed to accelerate San Diego as a world leader in the clean technology economy Website http://www.cleantechsandiego.o Coordinates 32.875965°, -117.21085° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":32.875965,"lon":-117.21085,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

36

San Diego Solar Panels Generate Clean Electricity Along with...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

San Diego Solar Panels Generate Clean Electricity Along with Clean Water San Diego Solar Panels Generate Clean Electricity Along with Clean Water May 26, 2010 - 12:11pm Addthis San...

37

San Diego, Texas -- Plazas of San Diego Texas: Signatures of Mexican-American Place Identity  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

1989). Moreover, most South Texas towns stage these and1978). 4. Some other South Texas Mexican- American townsPlazas of San Diego Texas: S i g n a t u r e s of Mexican-

Arreola, Daniel D

1993-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

38

San Diego, California: Solar in Action (Brochure)  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

This brochure provides an overview of the challenges and successes of San Diego, CA, a 2007 Solar America City awardee, on the path toward becoming a solar-powered community. Accomplishments, case studies, key lessons learned, and local resource information are given.

Not Available

2011-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

39

City of San Diego - Sustainable Building Policy | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

San Diego - Sustainable Building Policy San Diego - Sustainable Building Policy City of San Diego - Sustainable Building Policy < Back Eligibility Commercial Construction Local Government Residential Savings Category Heating & Cooling Commercial Heating & Cooling Cooling Home Weatherization Construction Commercial Weatherization Design & Remodeling Appliances & Electronics Heat Pumps Commercial Lighting Lighting Water Heating Bioenergy Solar Windows, Doors, & Skylights Alternative Fuel Vehicles Hydrogen & Fuel Cells Buying & Making Electricity Water Heating Wind Program Info State California Program Type Energy Standards for Public Buildings Provider San Diego Environmental Services Department The City of San Diego's Sustainable Building Policy is directed by Council Policy 900-14. The policy contains regulations regarding building

40

Clean Cities: San Diego Regional Clean Cities coalition  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Diego Regional Clean Cities Coalition Diego Regional Clean Cities Coalition The San Diego Regional Clean Cities coalition works with vehicle fleets, fuel providers, community leaders, and other stakeholders to reduce petroleum use in transportation. San Diego Regional Clean Cities coalition Contact Information Mike Ferry 858-244-7287 mike.ferry@energycenter.org Kevin Wood 858-244-7295 kevin.wood@energycenter.org Coalition Website Clean Cities Coordinators Coord Mike Ferry Coord Coord Kevin Wood Coord Photo of Mike Ferry Mike Ferry is the Transportation Programs Manager at the California Center for Sustainable Energy (CCSE), a nonprofit organization located in San Diego, CA, and is the coordinator of the San Diego Regional Clean Cities Coalition, San Diego's Clean Cities organization. In these roles, Mike

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "diego scripps hydrodynamic" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


41

City of San Diego Environmental Services Department | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Environmental Services Department Environmental Services Department Jump to: navigation, search Name City of San Diego Environmental Services Department Place San Diego, California Zip 92123 Sector Services, Solar Product City of San Diego's environmental services department. It is a power purchaser of electricity generated by a 0.9MW solar PV array located at its Alvarado water treatment plant. References City of San Diego Environmental Services Department[1] LinkedIn Connections CrunchBase Profile No CrunchBase profile. Create one now! This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by expanding it. City of San Diego Environmental Services Department is a company located in San Diego, California . References ↑ "City of San Diego Environmental Services Department" Retrieved from

42

FUPWG Meeting Agenda - San Diego, CA | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Diego, CA Diego, CA FUPWG Meeting Agenda - San Diego, CA October 7, 2013 - 2:59pm Addthis FUPWG Fall 2007 - San Diego, California: Clean and Green November 28 - 29, 2007 Hosted by San Diego Gas & Electric Tuesday, November 27, 2007 8:00 - 5:00 Utility Energy Service Contract (UESC) 5:30 pm Steering Committee Meeting - Pacific Ballroom 6:30 pm Networking Dinner - Elephant Castle Restaurant and Pub Hosted by: San Diego Gas and Electric - A Sempra Energy utility logo FEMP logo Wednesday, November 28, 2007 7:45 - 8:30 Registration/Continental Breakfast 8:30 - 8:45 San Diego Gas & Electric Welcome Rick Morrow 8:45 - 9:15 FEMP Welcome and Attendee Introductions David McAndrew, FEMP 9:15 - 9:45 Washington Update David McAndrew, FEMP FEMP Updates Legislative Update Strategic Action Plan Update

43

Radiation Hydrodynamics  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The discipline of radiation hydrodynamics is the branch of hydrodynamics in which the moving fluid absorbs and emits electromagnetic radiation, and in so doing modifies its dynamical behavior. That is, the net gain or loss of energy by parcels of the fluid material through absorption or emission of radiation are sufficient to change the pressure of the material, and therefore change its motion; alternatively, the net momentum exchange between radiation and matter may alter the motion of the matter directly. Ignoring the radiation contributions to energy and momentum will give a wrong prediction of the hydrodynamic motion when the correct description is radiation hydrodynamics. Of course, there are circumstances when a large quantity of radiation is present, yet can be ignored without causing the model to be in error. This happens when radiation from an exterior source streams through the problem, but the latter is so transparent that the energy and momentum coupling is negligible. Everything we say about radiation hydrodynamics applies equally well to neutrinos and photons (apart from the Einstein relations, specific to bosons), but in almost every area of astrophysics neutrino hydrodynamics is ignored, simply because the systems are exceedingly transparent to neutrinos, even though the energy flux in neutrinos may be substantial. Another place where we can do ''radiation hydrodynamics'' without using any sophisticated theory is deep within stars or other bodies, where the material is so opaque to the radiation that the mean free path of photons is entirely negligible compared with the size of the system, the distance over which any fluid quantity varies, and so on. In this case we can suppose that the radiation is in equilibrium with the matter locally, and its energy, pressure and momentum can be lumped in with those of the rest of the fluid. That is, it is no more necessary to distinguish photons from atoms, nuclei and electrons, than it is to distinguish hydrogen atoms from helium atoms, for instance. There are all just components of a mixed fluid in this case. So why do we have a special subject called ''radiation hydrodynamics'', when photons are just one of the many kinds of particles that comprise our fluid? The reason is that photons couple rather weakly to the atoms, ions and electrons, much more weakly than those particles couple with each other. Nor is the matter-radiation coupling negligible in many problems, since the star or nebula may be millions of mean free paths in extent. Radiation hydrodynamics exists as a discipline to treat those problems for which the energy and momentum coupling terms between matter and radiation are important, and for which, since the photon mean free path is neither extremely large nor extremely small compared with the size of the system, the radiation field is not very easy to calculate. In the theoretical development of this subject, many of the relations are presented in a form that is described as approximate, and perhaps accurate only to order of {nu}/c. This makes the discussion cumbersome. Why are we required to do this? It is because we are using Newtonian mechanics to treat our fluid, yet its photon component is intrinsically relativistic; the particles travel at the speed of light. There is a perfectly consistent relativistic kinetic theory, and a corresponding relativistic theory of fluid mechanics, which is perfectly suited to describing the photon gas. But it is cumbersome to use this for the fluid in general, and we prefer to avoid it for cases in which the flow velocity satisfies {nu} << c. The price we pay is to spend extra effort making sure that the source-sink terms relating to our relativistic gas component are included in the equations of motion in a form that preserves overall conservation of energy and momentum, something that would be automatic if the relativistic equations were used throughout.

Castor, J I

2003-10-16T23:59:59.000Z

44

San Diego Area San Diego was founded in 1769 as the first of 21 California missions. It is  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

. It is currently the eighth largest city in the United States and the second largest city in California countryside. Tijuana, Mexico is a 30-minute drive to the south of City Center and provides ample opportunity. These include the Salk Institute for Biological Studies, Gulf General Atomic, Scripps Clinic and Research

Squire, Larry R.

45

Success Story: Naval Medical Center San Diego Co-Generation Project...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Success Story: Naval Medical Center San Diego Co-Generation Project Success Story: Naval Medical Center San Diego Co-Generation Project Presentation covers the FUPWG Fall Meeting,...

46

Lifshitz Hydrodynamics  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We construct the hydrodynamics of quantum field theories with a Lifshitz scaling symmetry. New transport coefficients are allowed by the absence of boost invariance, however, only one is compatible with a local increase of the entropy density. The formulation is applicable, in general, to fluids with an explicit breaking of boost symmetry. We use a Drude model of a strange metal to study the physical effects of the new transport coefficient. It can be measured using electric fields with non-zero gradients, or via the heat production when an external force is turned on. Scaling arguments fix the resistivity to be linear in the temperature.

Carlos Hoyos; Bom Soo Kim; Yaron Oz

2013-04-28T23:59:59.000Z

47

AN OVERVIEW OF SAN DIEGO COUNTY'S RESOURCE RECOVERY PLANT  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

to perform co-firing of pyrofuel with the residual oil to San Diego Gas & Electric Company's 980,000 lb of the boiler and at various co-firing ratios of pyrofuel to residual oil. San Diego Gas & Electric Company's engineers will evaluate the combustion characteristics during co-firing of the fuel to the boiler

Columbia University

48

San Diego Gas & Electric Co | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Diego Gas & Electric Co Diego Gas & Electric Co (Redirected from San Diego Gas and Electric Company) Jump to: navigation, search Name San Diego Gas & Electric Co Place San Diego, California Service Territory California Website www.sdge.com Green Button Landing Page www.sdge.com/customer-ser Green Button Reference Page www.sdge.com/green-button Green Button Implemented Yes Utility Id 16609 Utility Location Yes Ownership I NERC Location WECC NERC WECC Yes ISO CA Yes Operates Generating Plant Yes Activity Generation Yes Activity Transmission Yes Activity Buying Transmission Yes Activity Distribution Yes Activity Bundled Services Yes Alt Fuel Vehicle Yes Alt Fuel Vehicle2 Yes References EIA Form EIA-861 Final Data File for 2010 - File1_a[1] Energy Information Administration Form 826[2] SGIC[3]

49

Sycamore San Diego Biomass Facility | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

San Diego Biomass Facility San Diego Biomass Facility Jump to: navigation, search Name Sycamore San Diego Biomass Facility Facility Sycamore San Diego Sector Biomass Facility Type Landfill Gas Location San Diego County, California Coordinates 33.0933809°, -116.6081653° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":33.0933809,"lon":-116.6081653,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

50

City of San Diego - Sustainable Building Expedited Permit Program |  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

San Diego - Sustainable Building Expedited Permit Program San Diego - Sustainable Building Expedited Permit Program City of San Diego - Sustainable Building Expedited Permit Program < Back Eligibility Commercial Industrial Residential Savings Category Heating & Cooling Home Weatherization Construction Commercial Weatherization Commercial Heating & Cooling Design & Remodeling Solar Buying & Making Electricity Program Info Start Date 05/20/2003 State California Program Type Green Building Incentive Provider City of San Diego In 2002, the City of San Diego passed a Resolution R-298001, which amended the [http://dsireusa.org/incentives/incentive.cfm?Incentive_Code=CA42R&re=1&ee=1 Sustainable Building Policy] to allow for expedited permitting for sustainable buildings. Sustainable buildings are defined in Policy Number

51

San Diego County - Design Standards for County Facilities | Department of  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Design Standards for County Facilities Design Standards for County Facilities San Diego County - Design Standards for County Facilities < Back Eligibility Local Government Savings Category Heating & Cooling Home Weatherization Construction Commercial Weatherization Commercial Heating & Cooling Design & Remodeling Bioenergy Manufacturing Buying & Making Electricity Alternative Fuel Vehicles Hydrogen & Fuel Cells Energy Sources Solar Wind Other Program Info State California Program Type Energy Standards for Public Buildings Provider San Diego County The San Diego County Board of Supervisors established design standards for county facilities and property. Among other requirements, the policy requires that all new county buildings or major building renovations obtain U.S. Green Building Council (USGBC) LEED Building Certification.

52

ENERGY STAR Success Story San Diego Convention Center  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

ENERGY STAR Success Story ENERGY STAR Success Story San Diego Convention Center Since opening 20 years ago, San Diego's bayside convention facility has been a green industry leader and continues to receive accolades for environmental stewardship. The San Diego Convention Center Corporation (SDCCC) joined the Environmental Protection Agency's (EPA) ENERGY STAR program as a partner in 2008. Using the EPA's online energy management and tracking tool, Portfolio Manager, the SDCCC tracked its energy consumption and has improved the facility's overall performance. Since then, the San Diego Convention Center has become a model for other convention and meeting facilities demonstrating the value of benchmarking to improve efficiency and to save money. . The Convention Center is managed and marketed by the SDCCC, a non-profit public

53

San Diego Renewable Energy Society | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

San Diego Renewable Energy Society San Diego Renewable Energy Society Address P.O. Box 23490 Place San Diego, California Zip 92123 Region Southern CA Area Notes Dedicated to increasing the intelligent use of renewable and sustainable energy technologies in San Diego County Website http://sdres.org/ Coordinates 32.8102534°, -117.1323579° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":32.8102534,"lon":-117.1323579,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

54

City of San Diego- Sustainable Building Expedited Permit Program  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

In 2002, the City of San Diego passed a Resolution R-298001, which amended the [http://dsireusa.org/incentives/incentive.cfm?Incentive_Code=CA42R&re=1&ee=1 Sustainable Building Policy] to...

55

2012 National Electric Transmission Congestion Study- San Diego Workshop  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

On December 15, 2011, DOE hosted a regional pre-study workshopin San Diego, CA to receive input and suggestions concerning the 2012 National Electric Transmission Congestion Study. The workshop...

56

San Diego Gas and Electric | OpenEI Community  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Area Network Devices With Smart Meters OpenEI San Diego Gas and Electric Smart Meters Smartgrid article reposted from Smartgrid.gov Syndicate content 429 Throttled (bot load) Error...

57

San Diego County - Solar Regulations | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Solar Regulations Solar Regulations San Diego County - Solar Regulations < Back Eligibility Commercial Industrial Residential Savings Category Solar Buying & Making Electricity Program Info State California Program Type Solar/Wind Permitting Standards Provider County of San Diego The County of San Diego has established [http://www.sdcounty.ca.gov/dplu/zoning/formfields/DPLU-316.pdf zoning guidelines] for solar electric systems of varying sizes in the unincorporated areas of San Diego County. Photovoltaic (PV) systems which have their electricity consumed onsite are considered an accessory use in all zone types and are generally permitted as long as they meet the height and setback requirements. PV systems which generate power for offsite use and are located on parcels of land not larger than 10 acres may be allowed

58

The San Diego Hurricane of 2 October 1858  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

On 2 October 1858, estimated sustained hurricane-force winds produced by a tropical cyclone located a short distance offshore were felt in San Diego, California. Unprecedented damage was done in the city and was described as the severest gale ...

Michael Chenoweth; Christopher Landsea

2004-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

59

San Diego County - Green Building Program | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Green Building Program Green Building Program San Diego County - Green Building Program < Back Eligibility Commercial Industrial Residential Savings Category Heating & Cooling Home Weatherization Construction Commercial Weatherization Commercial Heating & Cooling Design & Remodeling Solar Buying & Making Electricity Program Info State California Program Type Green Building Incentive Provider County of San Diego The County of San Diego has a Green Building Incentive Program designed to promote the use of resource efficient construction materials, water conservation and energy efficiency in new and remodeled residential and commercial buildings. As part of the program, the County will waive the fee for the building permit and plan check for a photovoltaic system. In addition, for qualifying resource conservation measures, the County will

60

City of San Diego RFP for Power Purchase (PV)  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

City of San Diego City of San Diego Environmental Services Department Energy Conservation and Management Division Request for Proposal For Power Purchase of Renewable Energy (Photovoltaics) For City Facilities The City of San Diego is seeking a firm, or a team of firms, to provide cost effective solar photovoltaic electric generating systems at eight City sites. The City intends to enter into power purchase agreement(s) for terms up to twenty years with solar PV developer(s) at these sites. The developers may also be asked to assist the City with identifying implementing solar PV projects at other sites depending upon the success of the initial program. The City evaluated twenty four facilities that appear to have potential of accommodating solar PV systems ranging in size from 30 kilowatts to 1

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "diego scripps hydrodynamic" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
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61

Keeping America Competitive: A Solar Manufacturing Boost In San Diego |  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Keeping America Competitive: A Solar Manufacturing Boost In San Keeping America Competitive: A Solar Manufacturing Boost In San Diego Keeping America Competitive: A Solar Manufacturing Boost In San Diego December 19, 2012 - 4:26pm Addthis Soitec's concentrating photovoltaic modules use Fresnel lenses to concentrate sunlight 500 times and focus it onto small, high-efficiency solar cells. | Photo by Matthias Heyde, Fraunhofer Institute. Soitec's concentrating photovoltaic modules use Fresnel lenses to concentrate sunlight 500 times and focus it onto small, high-efficiency solar cells. | Photo by Matthias Heyde, Fraunhofer Institute. Minh Le Minh Le Program Manager, Solar Program What are the key facts? Soitec's first large-scale CPV facility in San Diego is expected to create about 450 direct manufacturing jobs. The project was supported by a $25 million investment from the

62

Alternative Fuels Data Center: San Diego Prepares for Electric Vehicles in  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

San Diego Prepares for San Diego Prepares for Electric Vehicles in Multi-Unit Dwelling Communities to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: San Diego Prepares for Electric Vehicles in Multi-Unit Dwelling Communities on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: San Diego Prepares for Electric Vehicles in Multi-Unit Dwelling Communities on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: San Diego Prepares for Electric Vehicles in Multi-Unit Dwelling Communities on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: San Diego Prepares for Electric Vehicles in Multi-Unit Dwelling Communities on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: San Diego Prepares for Electric Vehicles in Multi-Unit Dwelling Communities on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: San Diego

63

Solid-State Lighting: Opening the Door: San Diego R&D Workshop...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Opening the Door: San Diego R&D Workshop Video to someone by E-mail Share Solid-State Lighting: Opening the Door: San Diego R&D Workshop Video on Facebook Tweet about Solid-State...

64

ENERGY STAR Success Story: San Diego Convention Center | ENERGY STAR  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

San Diego Convention Center San Diego Convention Center Secondary menu About us Press room Contact Us Portfolio Manager Login Facility owners and managers Existing buildings Commercial new construction Industrial energy management Small business Service providers Service and product providers Verify applications for ENERGY STAR certification Design commercial buildings Energy efficiency program administrators Commercial and industrial program sponsors Associations State and local governments Federal agencies Tools and resources Training In This Section Campaigns Commercial building design Communications resources Energy management guidance Financial resources Portfolio Manager Products and purchasing Recognition Research and reports Service and product provider (SPP) resources Success stories Target Finder

65

MFR PAPER 1313 The San Diego Tuna Industry  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

MFR PAPER 1313 The San Diego Tuna Industry and Its Employment Impact on the Local Economy STEVEN the views of the Office of Sea Grant or the National Marine Fisheries Ser- vice. INTRODUCTION Tuna fishing- tivity. Tuna has become a staple of the American diet and its market has ex- panded rapidly. Canned tuna

66

ASBESTOS PROJECT MANAGEMENT University of California, San Diego  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

(ACM) may be present, and for keeping Environment, Health & Safety (EH&S) informed as the agent and Renovation, San Diego County Air Pollution Control District). 1. The following departments conduct projects to the general public. e. Ensure the Air Pollution Control District (APCD) is notified a minimum of two weeks

Aluwihare, Lihini

67

California Clean Air Act: A compliance strategy for the City of San Diego`s non-emergency fleet  

SciTech Connect

Historically, parts of California have had the worst air quality in the nation. The California Energy Commission began experimenting with alternate fuels in the 1970`s in an effort to reduce harmful automobile emissions and hence, improve air quality. It is recognized that the costs to California which result from our air quality problems are immense. Ten to twenty billion dollars each year is the estimated damage in terms of health impacts, materials damages, lost agricultural crop output and forest damages. As the California population increases and health care costs escalate, the total monetary damages from air pollution will increase. The California Energy Commission goal to improve air quality became a mandate in 1988 with the passage of the California Clean Air Act (CCAA). The CCAA requires a revised air quality strategy for the San Diego district since we do not meet State air quality standards for smog, carbon monoxide and nitrogen dioxide. Smog remains San Diego`s major air quality problem, even though the annual number of days each year over the Federal standard has been reduced by 55 percent in the past ten years. Ten years ago about two-thirds of San Diego`s smog was transported from Los Angeles. Today more than 60 per cent of the days San Diego exceeds the State standard are from locally generated smog. It is estimated that 57% of the reactive hydrocarbon emissions (which react with nitrogen dioxide in the presence of sunlight to form smog) is from cars, trucks and buses. The Air Pollution Control District (part of the County of San Diego) is the office that the Air Resources Board has put in charge of creating regulations and designing strategy to reduce polluting emissions. The purpose of this project is to determine the full cost of acquiring and operating a municipal fleet which meets the mandates of the California Clean Air Act. With that information, a plan to meet the Clear Air Act (CCAA) requirements can be formulated by local government.

1992-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

68

bush-98.pdf  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Scripps Institution of Oceanography University of California, San Diego San Diego, California Abstract High accuracy measurements of solar insolation at the surface, made at...

69

San Diego Gas & Electric Co | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Electric Co Electric Co Jump to: navigation, search Name San Diego Gas & Electric Co Place San Diego, California Service Territory California Website www.sdge.com Green Button Landing Page www.sdge.com/customer-ser Green Button Reference Page www.sdge.com/green-button Green Button Implemented Yes Utility Id 16609 Utility Location Yes Ownership I NERC Location WECC NERC WECC Yes ISO CA Yes Operates Generating Plant Yes Activity Generation Yes Activity Transmission Yes Activity Buying Transmission Yes Activity Distribution Yes Activity Bundled Services Yes Alt Fuel Vehicle Yes Alt Fuel Vehicle2 Yes References EIA Form EIA-861 Final Data File for 2010 - File1_a[1] Energy Information Administration Form 826[2] SGIC[3] LinkedIn Connections CrunchBase Profile

70

San Diego, California: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Diego) Diego) Jump to: navigation, search Equivalent URI DBpedia Coordinates 32.7153292°, -117.1572551° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":32.7153292,"lon":-117.1572551,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

71

San Diego, California: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Diego, California: Energy Resources Diego, California: Energy Resources Jump to: navigation, search Equivalent URI DBpedia Coordinates 32.7153292°, -117.1572551° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":32.7153292,"lon":-117.1572551,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

72

San Diego Gas & Electric Co | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

& Electric Co & Electric Co (Redirected from SDG&E) Jump to: navigation, search Name San Diego Gas & Electric Co Place San Diego, California Service Territory California Website www.sdge.com Green Button Landing Page www.sdge.com/customer-ser Green Button Reference Page www.sdge.com/green-button Green Button Implemented Yes Utility Id 16609 Utility Location Yes Ownership I NERC Location WECC NERC WECC Yes ISO CA Yes Operates Generating Plant Yes Activity Generation Yes Activity Transmission Yes Activity Buying Transmission Yes Activity Distribution Yes Activity Bundled Services Yes Alt Fuel Vehicle Yes Alt Fuel Vehicle2 Yes References EIA Form EIA-861 Final Data File for 2010 - File1_a[1] Energy Information Administration Form 826[2] SGIC[3] LinkedIn Connections

73

San Diego, California: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Diego, CA) Diego, CA) Jump to: navigation, search Equivalent URI DBpedia Coordinates 32.7153292°, -117.1572551° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":32.7153292,"lon":-117.1572551,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

74

Rate Analysis of Two Photovoltaic Systems in San Diego  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Analysts have found increasing evidence that rate structure has impacts on the economics of solar systems. This paper uses 2007 15-minute interval photovoltaic (PV) system and load data from two San Diego City water treatment facilities to illustrate impacts of different rate designs. The comparison is based on rates available in San Diego at the time of data collection and include proportionately small to large demand charges (relative to volumetric consumption), and varying on- and off- peak times. Findings are twofold for these large commercial systems: 1) transferring costs into demand charges does not result in savings and 2) changes in peak times do not result in a major cost difference during the course of a year. While lessons learned and discussion on rate components are based on the findings, the applicability is limited to buildings with similar systems, environments, rate options, and loads.

Doris, E.; Ong, S.; Van Geet, O.

2009-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

75

San Diego Solar Panels Generate Clean Electricity Along with Clean Water |  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Diego Solar Panels Generate Clean Electricity Along with Clean Diego Solar Panels Generate Clean Electricity Along with Clean Water San Diego Solar Panels Generate Clean Electricity Along with Clean Water May 26, 2010 - 12:11pm Addthis San Diego’s Otay Water Treatment Plant is generating clean electricity along with clean water, with a total capacity of 945 KW | Photo courtesy of SunEdison San Diego's Otay Water Treatment Plant is generating clean electricity along with clean water, with a total capacity of 945 KW | Photo courtesy of SunEdison Just north of the U.S.-Mexican border, San Diego's Otay Water Treatment Plant processes up to 34 million gallons of water a day. Thanks to the city's ambitious solar energy program, the facility may soon be able to do that with net zero electricity consumption. In early April, workers activated a 945-kW solar photovoltaic (PV) energy

76

DIEGO FAZI Mailing address: Solar Energy Conversion Group Chemical Sciences & Engineering Division  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

DIEGO FAZI DIEGO FAZI Mailing address: Solar Energy Conversion Group Chemical Sciences & Engineering Division Bldg 200, Room E105 Argonne National Laboratory 9700 South Cass Ave. Argonne IL 60439-4831 E-mail addresses: dfazi@anl.gov Office Number: 630-252-5796 Fax: 630-252-9289 Personal Pages: http://faculty.wcas.northwestern.edu/diego-fazi/ http://www.fazid.org Research Interests Diego Fazi comes from a theoretical Physics background and he performed research in gravitational-wave astronomy within the project LIGO from 2005 to 2012. In October 2012 Dr. Fazi joined the CSE division at Argonne as a postdoctoral appointee in the Solar Conversion

77

CBRE CONSULTING, INC. IV. UC SAN DIEGO CONTRIBUTIONS TO THE REGIONAL WORKFORCE  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

,370 undergraduates and 5,510 graduate students. U.S. News and World Report rated UC San Diego 8th among public Historical information provided by UC San Diego Office of Institutional Research. 22 #12;CBRE CONSULTING, INC Biological Sciences 0 0 25 37 62 Chemistry and Chemical Engineering 105 1 73 31 210 Electrical Engineering

Wang, Deli

78

Q&A With Byron Washom of the University of California at San Diego |  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Q&A With Byron Washom of the University of California at San Diego Q&A With Byron Washom of the University of California at San Diego Q&A With Byron Washom of the University of California at San Diego July 22, 2010 - 4:57pm Addthis Byron Washom, Director of Strategic Energy Initiatives at the University of California at San Diego, poses with an electric vehicle and some of the solar panels that cover UCSD's campus.| Photo courtesy of UCSD Byron Washom, Director of Strategic Energy Initiatives at the University of California at San Diego, poses with an electric vehicle and some of the solar panels that cover UCSD's campus.| Photo courtesy of UCSD Lorelei Laird Writer, Energy Empowers Byron Washom is helping to define and create solar energy's future. In 1984, Washom's company built a concentrated solar energy generator using

79

Q&A With Byron Washom of the University of California at San Diego |  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Q&A With Byron Washom of the University of California at San Diego Q&A With Byron Washom of the University of California at San Diego Q&A With Byron Washom of the University of California at San Diego July 22, 2010 - 4:57pm Addthis Byron Washom, Director of Strategic Energy Initiatives at the University of California at San Diego, poses with an electric vehicle and some of the solar panels that cover UCSD's campus.| Photo courtesy of UCSD Byron Washom, Director of Strategic Energy Initiatives at the University of California at San Diego, poses with an electric vehicle and some of the solar panels that cover UCSD's campus.| Photo courtesy of UCSD Lorelei Laird Writer, Energy Empowers Byron Washom is helping to define and create solar energy's future. In 1984, Washom's company built a concentrated solar energy generator using

80

Comments of San Diego Gas & Electric Company | Department of Energy  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

San Diego Gas & Electric Company San Diego Gas & Electric Company Comments of San Diego Gas & Electric Company San Diego Gas & Electric Company ("SDG&E") submits these comments in response to the above-enumerated Request for Information noticed by the Department on May 11, 2010. SDG&E is a regulated electric and gas utility operating pursuant to authorities granted to it by the Federal Energy Regulatory Commission and the State of California. SDG&E serves 3.4 million consumers in the San Diego and southern Orange County areas of California via 1.4 million electric meters and 830,000 gas meters. SDG&E's sister company, the Southern California Gas Company, is the nation's largest gas-distribution utility, serving another 20.3 million consumers in a

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "diego scripps hydrodynamic" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


81

San Diego Regional Clean Fuels Coalition | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Fuels Coalition Fuels Coalition Jump to: navigation, search Name San Diego Regional Clean Fuels Coalition Place San Diego, California Zip 92123 Region Southern CA Area Notes Network of more than 80 volunteer, community-based coalitions, which develop public/private partnerships to work together as a coalition Website http://www.sdcleanfuels.org/ Coordinates 32.8102534°, -117.1323579° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":32.8102534,"lon":-117.1323579,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

82

Skew resisting hydrodynamic seal  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A novel hydrodynamically lubricated compression type rotary seal that is suitable for lubricant retention and environmental exclusion. Particularly, the seal geometry ensures constraint of a hydrodynamic seal in a manner preventing skew-induced wear and provides adequate room within the seal gland to accommodate thermal expansion. The seal accommodates large as-manufactured variations in the coefficient of thermal expansion of the sealing material, provides a relatively stiff integral spring effect to minimize pressure-induced shuttling of the seal within the gland, and also maintains interfacial contact pressure within the dynamic sealing interface in an optimum range for efficient hydrodynamic lubrication and environment exclusion. The seal geometry also provides for complete support about the circumference of the seal to receive environmental pressure, as compared the interrupted character of seal support set forth in U.S. Pat. Nos. 5,873,576 and 6,036,192 and provides a hydrodynamic seal which is suitable for use with non-Newtonian lubricants.

Conroy, William T. (Pearland, TX); Dietle, Lannie L. (Sugar Land, TX); Gobeli, Jeffrey D. (Houston, TX); Kalsi, Manmohan S. (Houston, TX)

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

83

Microsoft Word - San Diego 2004 ORT Conference paper_1.doc  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

presented at the Third International Conference on Oxidation and Reduction Technologies for Soil and presented at the Third International Conference on Oxidation and Reduction Technologies for Soil and Groundwater in San Diego, CA, on October 24-28, 2004 PROJECT OVERVIEW: SUCCESSFUL FIELD-SCALE IN SITU THERMAL NAPL REMEDIATION ABSTRACT: The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) successfully completed a field-scale remediation to remove non-aqueous phase liquids (NAPLs) from the subsurface at the Northeast Site on the Young-Rainey Science, Technology, and Research (STAR) Center, Largo, Florida. The Young-Rainey STAR Center is a former DOE facility that was previously known as the Pinellas Plant and the Pinellas STAR Center. The remediation project encompassed an area of 10,000 ft 2 and depths extending to 35 ft below ground surface. Prior to the remediation, DOE evaluated technologies that had the potential to remove

84

Nonlinear hydrodynamics. Lecture 9  

SciTech Connect

A very sophisticated method for calculating the stability and pulsations of stars which make contact with actual observations of the stellar behavior, hydrodynamic calculations are very simple in principle. Conservation of mass can be accounted for by having mass shells that are fixed with their mass for all time. Motions of these shells can be calculated by taking the difference between the external force of gravity and that from the local pressure gradient. The conservation of energy can be coupled to this momentum conservation equation to give the current temperatures, densities, pressures, and opacities at the shell centers, as well as the positions, velocities, and accelerations of the mass shell interfaces. Energy flow across these interfaces can be calculated from the current conditions, and this energy is partitioned between internal energy and the work done on or by the mass shell. We discuss here only the purely radial case for hydrodynamics because it is very useful for stellar pulsation studies.

Cox, A.N.

1983-03-14T23:59:59.000Z

85

San Diego Regional High School Science Bowl | U.S. DOE Office...  

Office of Science (SC) Website

SW Washington, DC 20585 P: 202-586-6702 E: National.Science.Bowl@science.doe.gov California Regions San Diego Regional High School Science Bowl Print Text Size: A A A RSS Feeds...

86

University of California, San Diego UCSD-ENG-089 Fusion Division  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

University of California, San Diego UCSD-ENG-089 Fusion Division Center for Energy Research Energy recovery ventilators (ERV's) use air-to-air heat exchangers to retain building heat (or cold

Krstic, Miroslav

87

UNIVERSITY OF CALIFORNIA, SAN DIEGO 9500 Gilman Drive La Jolla, CA 92093  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

UNIVERSITY OF CALIFORNIA, SAN DIEGO 9500 Gilman Drive La Jolla, CA 92093 STUDENT HEALTH SERVICES that applies: Mental Health Treatment: ____ Medical Care, including laboratory and x-ray results ___ Dates/or Academic Coordination Other________________________________ NOTICE: UCSD Student Health Services

Russell, Lynn

88

Load responsive hydrodynamic bearing  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A load responsive hydrodynamic bearing is provided in the form of a thrust bearing or journal bearing for supporting, guiding and lubricating a relatively rotatable member to minimize wear thereof responsive to relative rotation under severe load. In the space between spaced relatively rotatable members and in the presence of a liquid or grease lubricant, one or more continuous ring shaped integral generally circular bearing bodies each define at least one dynamic surface and a plurality of support regions. Each of the support regions defines a static surface which is oriented in generally opposed relation with the dynamic surface for contact with one of the relatively rotatable members. A plurality of flexing regions are defined by the generally circular body of the bearing and are integral with and located between adjacent support regions. Each of the flexing regions has a first beam-like element being connected by an integral flexible hinge with one of the support regions and a second beam-like element having an integral flexible hinge connection with an adjacent support region. A least one local weakening geometry of the flexing region is located intermediate the first and second beam-like elements. In response to application of load from one of the relatively rotatable elements to the bearing, the beam-like elements and the local weakening geometry become flexed, causing the dynamic surface to deform and establish a hydrodynamic geometry for wedging lubricant into the dynamic interface.

Kalsi, Manmohan S. (Houston, TX); Somogyi, Dezso (Sugar Land, TX); Dietle, Lannie L. (Stafford, TX)

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

89

The Effectiveness of Reverse Telephon Emergency Warning Systems in the October 2007 San Diego Wildfires  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Late in October, 2007, fast-moving wildfires fueled by extreme Santa Ana winds threatened residents and their properties in San Diego County, California. The impacted area also included the City of San Diego within the County s boundaries. It turns out the San Diego firestorms would be the biggest in the County's history, surpassing the devastating 2003 firestorms in intensity, duration, and impacted populations. Both San Diego County and the City of San Diego have installed telephone reverse call-down emergency warning systems. A telephone survey of 1200 households located in areas identified by emergency officials as the evacuation zones for the 2007 fires was conducted in late March and early April 2008 using a random telephone dialing process to determine if people responded to the reverse telephone warning systems calls. Findings indicate that those who received a reverse emergency warning call were much more likely to evacuate than those who did not receive a call. The telephone calls were also the most likely source of first warning.

Sorensen, John H [ORNL; Sorensen, Barbara Vogt [ORNL

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

90

San Diego Regional High School Science Bowl | U.S. DOE Office of Science  

Office of Science (SC) Website

San Diego Regional High San Diego Regional High School Science Bowl National Science Bowl® (NSB) NSB Home About High School High School Students High School Coaches High School Regionals High School Rules, Forms, and Resources Middle School Attending National Event Volunteers 2013 Competition Results News Media WDTS Home Contact Information National Science Bowl® U.S. Department of Energy SC-27/ Forrestal Building 1000 Independence Ave., SW Washington, DC 20585 P: 202-586-6702 E: National.Science.Bowl@science.doe.gov California Regions San Diego Regional High School Science Bowl Print Text Size: A A A RSS Feeds FeedbackShare Page Regional Coordinator Information Name: Ronald Lewis Email: sandiegonobcche@earthlink.net Regional Event Information Date: Saturday, February 8, 2014 Maximum Number of Teams: 24

91

DOE Congestion Workshop, San Diego, December 15, 2011 Comments from California ISO  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Workshop, San Diego, December 15, 2011 Comments from California ISO Workshop, San Diego, December 15, 2011 Comments from California ISO U.S. Department of Energy National Electric Transmission Congestion Study Workshop San Diego, December 15, 2011 Questions from DOE and Comments from the California ISO Panelists have been asked to address the following questions, with emphasis as each panelist deems appropriate: 1) In its 2009 Congestion Study, DOE found that Southern California constitutes a Critical Congestion Area, that the Portland-Seattle region and the San Francisco Bay Area were congestion areas of concern, and that the Phoenix-Tucson area was no longer a congestion area of concern. The study also identified parts of the West with rich

92

Comments of San Diego Gas & Electric Company | Department of Energy  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

files these comments in files these comments in response to the above-enumerated Request for Information noticed by the Department on May 11, 2010. SDG&E is a regulated public electric and gas utility operating pursuant to authorities granted to it by the Federal Energy Regulatory Commission and the State of California. SDG&E serves 3.4 million consumers in the San Diego and southern Orange County areas of California via 1.4 million electric meters and 830,000 gas meters. SDG&E's sister company, the Southern California Gas Company, is the nation's largest gas-distribution utility, serving another 20.3 million consumers in a 20,000 square-mile area via 5.7 million gas meters. Comments of San Diego Gas & Electric Company More Documents & Publications Comments of San Diego Gas & Electric Company

93

Analysis of an Ozone Episode during the San Diego Air Quality Study: The Significance of Transport Aloft  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

San Diego is subject to transport of ozone and precursors from the Los Angeles area, 170 km to the northwest, as well as to high ozone concentrations from local emissions. The San Diego Air Quality Study was conducted during the summer of 1989. ...

Virginia Bigler-Engler; Hal W. Brown

1995-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

94

Microsoft Word - DOE Congestion Workshop San Diego 12-15-11 Final  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY 3 4 NATIONAL ELECTRIC TRANSMISSION CONGESTION 5 STUDY WORKSHOP 6 7 8 San Diego, California 9 Thursday, December 15, 2011 10 11 12 13 2 PARTICIPANTS: 1 Welcome and Presentation: 2 3 DAVID MEYER 4 U.S. Department of Energy 5 6 Panel 1 Regulators: 7 8 CHARLES HAINS 9 Arizona Corporation Commission 10 11 REBECCA D. WAGNER 12 Nevada Public Utilities Commission 13 14 KEITH D. WHITE 15 California Public Utilities Commission 16 17 MILAN BJELOGRLIC 18 Southern California Edison 19 20 BOB SMITH 21 Arizona Public Service 22 23 Panel 2 Industry: 24 25 JAN STRACK 26 San Diego Gas & Electric 27

95

Evaluation of Superconducting Magnetic Energy Storage for San Diego Gas and Electric Company  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

By providing rapid-response, real-power (P) or reactive-power (Q) modulation, superconducting magnetic energy storage (SMES) devices can increase power transfer capabilities. This report documents two phases of a technical study to determine potential benefits of locating a SMES unit at San Diego Gas and Electric's Blythe site.

1997-08-21T23:59:59.000Z

96

City of San Diego This page outlines solar PV incentives, financing mechanisms, permitting process, and  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

to actual energy use and is responsible for system performance, operations and maintenance. #12; www.energycenter.org/index.php/incentive-programs/california-solar- initiative/csi-latest-news/2167-why-pay-to-install-solar · Property Assessed Clean Energy (PACE) Programs oCity of San Diego This page outlines solar PV incentives, financing mechanisms, permitting process

97

Solar Power Forecasting at UC San Diego Jan Kleissl, Dept of Mechanical & Aerospace Engineering, UCSD  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Solar Power Forecasting at UC San Diego Jan Kleissl, Dept of Mechanical & Aerospace Engineering and discharging of fast storage devices with relatively low power (e.g. batteries or supercapacitors) could the economics of solar power. However, accurate short term forecasting of cloudiness is required for efficient

Fainman, Yeshaiahu

98

Somerville DOE Final Technical Report DE-SC0000658  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Somerville, P. I. Scripps Institution of Oceanography University of California, San Diego August 22, 2013 The long-range goal of several past and current projects in our...

99

Inertial coupling for point particle fluctuating hydrodynamics  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A method for particle hydrodynamics based on an hybrid Eulerian-Lagrangian approach is presented. Particle dynamics are solved in continuum space while the fluid equations are solved in an Eulerian mesh, and described by finite volume fluctuating hydrodynamics. ...

F. Balboa Usabiaga; I. Pagonabarraga; R. Delgado-Buscalioni

2013-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

100

Success Story: Naval Medical Center San Diego Co-Generation Project  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Success Story Success Story Success Story Naval Medical Center San Diego Naval Medical Center San Diego Co-Generation Project Co-Generation Project Karen Jackson, SDG&E Karen Jackson, SDG&E Project Manager Project Manager Edward Thibodo, NAVFAC SW Edward Thibodo, NAVFAC SW Energy Team Contract Energy Team Contract ' ' s Lead s Lead NAVFAC Contractor NAVFAC Contractor ' ' s Guide: s Guide:   Partnering Philosophy Partnering Philosophy - - " " We W are partners e are partners in every contract we award. Partnering is in every contract we award. Partnering is an attitude that we both work hard to an attitude that we both work hard to develop, an it requires both of us to take develop, an it requires both of us to take some extra risk and trust one another. some extra risk and trust one another.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "diego scripps hydrodynamic" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


101

San Diego Gas and Electric Company Smart Grid Project | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

and Electric Company and Electric Company Country United States Headquarters Location San Diego, California Recovery Act Funding $28115052 Total Project Value $59427645 Coverage Area Coverage Map: San Diego Gas and Electric Company Smart Grid Project Coordinates 32.7153292°, -117.1572551° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[]}

102

Disruptive Innovation in Numerical Hydrodynamics  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We propose the research and development of a high-fidelity hydrodynamic algorithm for tetrahedral meshes that will lead to a disruptive innovation in the numerical modeling of Laboratory problems. Our proposed innovation has the potential to reduce turnaround time by orders of magnitude relative to Advanced Simulation and Computing (ASC) codes; reduce simulation setup costs by millions of dollars per year; and effectively leverage Graphics Processing Unit (GPU) and future Exascale computing hardware. If successful, this work will lead to a dramatic leap forward in the Laboratory's quest for a predictive simulation capability.

Waltz, Jacob I. [Los Alamos National Laboratory

2012-09-06T23:59:59.000Z

103

Hydromechanical transmission with hydrodynamic drive  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

This transmission has a first planetary gear assembly having first input means connected to an input shaft, first output means, and first reaction means, and a second planetary gear assembly having second input means connected to the first input means, second output means, and second reaction means connected directly to the first reaction means by a reaction shaft. First clutch means, when engaged, connect the first output means to an output shaft in a high driving range. A hydrodynamic drive is used; for example, a torque converter, which may or may not have a stationary case, has a pump connected to the second output means, a stator grounded by an overrunning clutch to the case, and a turbine connected to an output member, and may be used in a starting phase. Alternatively, a fluid coupling or other type of hydrodynamic drive may be used. Second clutch means, when engaged, for connecting the output member to the output shaft in a low driving range. A variable-displacement hydraulic unit is mechanically connected to the input shaft, and a fixed-displacement hydraulic unit is mechanically connected to the reaction shaft. The hydraulic units are hydraulically connected together so that when one operates as a pump the other acts as a motor, and vice versa. Both clutch means are connected to the output shaft through a forward-reverse shift arrangement. It is possible to lock out the torque converter after the starting phase is over.

Orshansky, Jr., deceased, Elias (LATE OF San Francisco, CA); Weseloh, William E. (San Diego, CA)

1979-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

104

Electric Demand Reduction for the U.S. Navy Public Works Center San Diego, California  

SciTech Connect

Pacific Northwest National Laboratory investigated the profitability of operating a Navy ship's generators (in San Diego) during high electricity price periods rather than the ships hooking up to the Base electrical system for power. Profitability is predicated on the trade-off between the operating and maintenance cost incurred by the Navy for operating the ship generators and the net profit associated with the sale of the electric power on the spot market. In addition, PNNL assessed the use of the ship's generators as a means to achieve predicted load curtailments, which can then be marketed to the California Independent System Operator.

Kintner-Meyer, Michael CW

2000-09-30T23:59:59.000Z

105

Conservative, special-relativistic smoothed particle hydrodynamics  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We present and test a new, special-relativistic formulation of smoothed particle hydrodynamics (SPH). Our approach benefits from several improvements with respect to earlier relativistic SPH formulations. It is self-consistently derived from the Lagrangian ... Keywords: Computational fluid dynamics, Shocks, Smoothed particle hydrodynamics, Special relativity

Stephan Rosswog

2010-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

106

A hybrid Godunov method for radiation hydrodynamics  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

From a mathematical perspective, radiation hydrodynamics can be thought of as a system of hyperbolic balance laws with dual multiscale behavior (multiscale behavior associated with the hyperbolic wave speeds as well as multiscale behavior associated ... Keywords: Asymptotic preserving, Godunov method, Radiation hydrodynamics

Michael D. Sekora; James M. Stone

2010-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

107

Hydrodynamic Testing Facilities Database | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Hydrodynamic Testing Facilities Database Hydrodynamic Testing Facilities Database (Redirected from Hydrodynamic Testing Facilities) Jump to: navigation, search Facility Operators By viewing Hydrodynamic Testing Facilities in the list accompanying the map, one will be provided with data on a range of test capabilities and services available at commercial, academic, and government facilities and offshore berths within the United States. Click on a thumbnail in the adjacent map in order to view a testing facility operator's profile page. This page will include in depth information about the testing facilities that each operator oversees. Click on this link, CSV ,to download all of the information on all hydrodynamic testing facilities. Loading map... {"format":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"limit":5000,"offset":0,"link":"all","sort":[""],"order":[],"headers":"show","mainlabel":"","intro":"","outro":"","searchlabel":"\u2026

108

Staggered Schemes for Fluctuating Hydrodynamics  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We develop numerical schemes for solving the isothermal compressible and incompressible equations of fluctuating hydrodynamics on a grid with staggered momenta. We develop a second-order accurate spatial discretization of the diffusive, advective and stochastic fluxes that satisfies a discrete fluctuation-dissipation balance, and construct temporal discretizations that are at least second-order accurate in time deterministically and in a weak sense. Specifically, the methods reproduce the correct equilibrium covariances of the fluctuating fields to third (compressible) and second (incompressible) order in the time step, as we verify numerically. We apply our techniques to model recent experimental measurements of giant fluctuations in diffusively mixing fluids in a micro-gravity environment [A. Vailati et. al., Nature Communications 2:290, 2011]. Numerical results for the static spectrum of non-equilibrium concentration fluctuations are in excellent agreement between the compressible and incompressible simula...

Balboa, F; Delgado-Buscalioni, R; Donev, A; Fai, T; Griffith, B; Peskin, C S

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

109

Temporal Integrators for Fluctuating Hydrodynamics  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Including the effect of thermal fluctuations in traditional computational fluid dynamics requires developing numerical techniques for solving the stochastic partial differential equations of fluctuating hydrodynamics. These Langevin equations possess a special fluctuation-dissipation structure that needs to be preserved by spatio-temporal discretizations in order for the computed solution to reproduce the correct long-time behavior. In particular, numerical solutions should approximate the Gibbs-Boltzmann equilibrium distribution, and ideally this will hold even for large time step sizes. We describe finite-volume spatial discretizations for the fluctuating Burgers and fluctuating incompressible Navier-Stokes equations that obey a discrete fluctuation-dissipation balance principle just like the continuum equations. We develop implicit-explicit predictor-corrector temporal integrators for the resulting stochastic method-of-lines discretization. These stochastic Runge-Kutta schemes treat diffusion implicitly an...

Delong, S; Vanden-Eijnden, E; Donev, A

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

110

UCRL-CONF-212699 Hydrodynamic  

National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

CONF-212699 CONF-212699 Hydrodynamic test problems B. Moran June 6, 2005 Five Lab Conference Vienna, Austria June 20, 2005 through June 24, 2005 Disclaimer This document was prepared as an account of work sponsored by an agency of the United States Government. Neither the United States Government nor the University of California nor any of their employees, makes any warranty, express or implied, or assumes any legal liability or responsibility for the accuracy, completeness, or usefulness of any information, apparatus, product, or process disclosed, or represents that its use would not infringe privately owned rights. Reference herein to any specific commercial product, process, or service by trade name, trademark, manufacturer, or otherwise, does not necessarily constitute or imply its endorsement, recommendation, or favoring by the United

111

Dual Axis Radiographic Hydrodynamic Test Facility, IG-0599 |...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Administration Other Agencies You are here Home Dual Axis Radiographic Hydrodynamic Test Facility, IG-0599 Dual Axis Radiographic Hydrodynamic Test Facility, IG-0599 The Dual...

112

Category:Hydrodynamic Testing Facility Type | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Hydrodynamic Testing Facility Type Jump to: navigation, search This page contains all of the various types of technologies used in Hydrodynamic Testing Facilities for testing new...

113

DARHT: Dual-Axis Radiographic Hydrodynamic Test Facility  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Radiographic Hydrodynamic Test Facility DARHT: Dual-Axis Radiographic Hydrodynamic Test Facility DARHT, supports a critical component of LANL's primary mission: to ensure...

114

SPIE 's 4TH Annual Symposium on Smart Structures and Materials, paper 3041 -38, Catamaran Resort Hotel, San Diego,  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Hotel, San Diego, CA, 2-6 March 97 LARGE-AMPLITUDE ROTARY INDUCED-STRAIN (LARIS) ACTUATOR PROOF-strain material stacks is proposed. The concept utilizes the theory of twist-warping coupling in thin-wall open-amplifier utilizing the warping-torsion coupling of an open tube, is a viable design option, of great constructive

Giurgiutiu, Victor

115

The hydrodynamics of swimming microorganisms  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Cell motility in viscous fluids is ubiquitous and affects many biological processes, including reproduction, infection, and the marine life ecosystem. Here we review the biophysical and mechanical principles of locomotion at the small scales relevant to cell swimming (tens of microns and below). The focus is on the fundamental flow physics phenomena occurring in this inertia-less realm, and the emphasis is on the simple physical picture. We review the basic properties of flows at low Reynolds number, paying special attention to aspects most relevant for swimming, such as resistance matrices for solid bodies, flow singularities, and kinematic requirements for net translation. Then we review classical theoretical work on cell motility: early calculations of the speed of a swimmer with prescribed stroke, and the application of resistive-force theory and slender-body theory to flagellar locomotion. After reviewing the physical means by which flagella are actuated, we outline areas of active research, including hydrodynamic interactions, biological locomotion in complex fluids, the design of small-scale artificial swimmers, and the optimization of locomotion strategies.

Eric Lauga; Thomas R. Powers

2008-12-15T23:59:59.000Z

116

Hydrodynamic Testing Facilities Database | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Hydrodynamic Testing Facilities Database Hydrodynamic Testing Facilities Database Jump to: navigation, search Facility Operators By viewing Hydrodynamic Testing Facilities in the list accompanying the map, one will be provided with data on a range of test capabilities and services available at commercial, academic, and government facilities and offshore berths within the United States. Click on a thumbnail in the adjacent map in order to view a testing facility operator's profile page. This page will include in depth information about the testing facilities that each operator oversees. Click on this link, CSV ,to download all of the information on all hydrodynamic testing facilities. Loading map... {"format":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"limit":5000,"offset":0,"link":"all","sort":[""],"order":[],"headers":"show","mainlabel":"","intro":"","outro":"","searchlabel":"\u2026

117

Hydrodynamic gradient expansion in gauge theory plasmas  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We utilize the fluid-gravity duality to investigate the large order behavior of hydrodynamic gradient expansion of the dynamics of a gauge theory plasma system. This corresponds to the inclusion of dissipative terms and transport coefficients of very high order. Using the dual gravity description, we calculate numerically the form of the stress tensor for a boost-invariant flow in a hydrodynamic expansion up to terms with 240 derivatives. We observe a factorial growth of gradient contributions at large orders, which indicates a zero radius of convergence of the hydrodynamic series. Furthermore, we identify the leading singularity in the Borel transform of the hydrodynamic energy density with the lowest nonhydrodynamic excitation corresponding to a `nonhydrodynamic' quasinormal mode on the gravity side.

Michal P. Heller; Romuald A. Janik; Przemyslaw Witaszczyk

2013-02-04T23:59:59.000Z

118

Shock wave formation in Rosenau's extended hydrodynamics  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We study the extended hydrodynamics proposed by Philip Rosenau [Phys. Rev. A 40, 7193 (1989)] in the context of a regularization of the Chapman-Enskog expansion. We are able to prove that shock waves appear in finite time in Rosenau's extended Burgers' equation, and we discuss the physical implications of this fact and its connection with a possible extension of hydrodynamics to the short wavelength domain.

Carlos Escudero

2004-12-30T23:59:59.000Z

119

Flow meter evaluation for U.S. Navy Public Works Center, San Diego, California  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The U.S. Navy Public Works Center San Diego (PWCSD) was concerned about the accuracy of various flow meters on steam and compressed air lines serving Naval facilities in San Diego, California. The flow meters had experienced various inconsistencies that had not been resolved prior to July 1993. Pacific Northwest Laboratory, Richland, Washington, evaluated the operation of 10 out of 79 steam and compressed air flow meters at PWCSD. The evaluation was limited to analysis of historical information and review of existing operating procedures. On-site investigation of the flow meters was limited to external observations of the flow-sensing equipment and a check of the flow computer program. PNL did not remove installed sensing equipment (i.e., flow meters or temperature or pressure sensors) to evaluate existing condition or check calibration. Although many of the flow meter errors can be traced to improperly normalized readings and to meters improperly compensated for temperature and pressure, lack of regular maintenance, including proper calibration, was evidenced throughout this study. A strict calibration schedule should be established for all steam and air flow meters, including calibration of the temperature sensor, pressure sensor, and flow turbine. It is recommended that the most crucial flow meters (such as the 10 evaluated in this study) be calibrated yearly. The remaining 69 flow meters could be placed on a staggered, biyearly calibration schedule. Calibration should be done by qualified personnel only. Improper calibration is often worse than no calibration at all. An outside firm is recommended to be contracted with to perform all maintenance and calibration on flow meters at the Naval facilities. Use of an outside firm would better facilitate regular, reliable calibration while removing liability for damaged parts.

Chvala, W.D. Jr.; McMordie, K.L.; Szydlowski, R.F.

1995-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

120

Scripps Director Joins NIST Advisory Group  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... he served as professor and chair of theoretical chemistry), Harvard University, the University of California at Berkeley, and the University of Utah. ...

2010-12-29T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "diego scripps hydrodynamic" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


121

Electromagnetic at Scripps Institution of Oceanography  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

dipole, 100-1000 amps 25-100 m CSEM Transmitter Oil, Gas (resistive) Seawater (very conductive) Air-receiver offset, km In-lineelectricfield,V/m/(Am) oil, gas no oil, gas 1000 m, 0.3 m 1000 m, 1 m 100 m, 100 m E of offshore hydrocar- bon exploration. Consortium support since 1996 has funded several marine EM graduate

Constable, Steve

122

Oregon State University Hydrodynamics | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Oregon State University Hydrodynamics Oregon State University Hydrodynamics Jump to: navigation, search Hydro | Hydrodynamic Testing Facilities Name Oregon State University Address O.H. Hinsdale Wave Research Laboratory, 220 Owen Hall Place Corvallis, Oregon Zip 97331 Sector Hydro Phone number (541) 737-3631 Website http://wave.oregonstate.edu Coordinates 44.5642722°, -123.2785942° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":44.5642722,"lon":-123.2785942,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

123

University of Minnesota Hydrodynamics | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Hydrodynamics Hydrodynamics Jump to: navigation, search Hydro | Hydrodynamic Testing Facilities Name University of Minnesota Address St. Anthony Falls Laboratory, 2 Third Avenue SE Place Minneapolis, MN Zip 55414 Sector Hydro Phone number (612) 624-4363 Website http://www.safl.umn.edu/ Coordinates 44.9824832°, -93.2550859° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":44.9824832,"lon":-93.2550859,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

124

Colorado State University Hydrodynamics | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Hydrodynamics Hydrodynamics Jump to: navigation, search Hydro | Hydrodynamic Testing Facilities Name Colorado State University Address Daryl B. Simons Building, Engineering Research Center, 1320 Campus Delivery Place Fort Collins, Colorado Zip 80523 Phone number (970) 491-8394 Website http://www.hydraulicslab.engr. Coordinates 40.575727216126°, -105.0833302192° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":40.575727216126,"lon":-105.0833302192,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

125

University of Maine Hydrodynamics | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Hydrodynamics Hydrodynamics Jump to: navigation, search Hydro | Hydrodynamic Testing Facilities Name University of Maine Address 208 Boardman Hall Place Orono, Maine Zip 04469 Sector Hydro Phone number (207) 581-2129 Website http://gradcatalog.umaine.edu/ Coordinates 44.9024546°, -68.6638413° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":44.9024546,"lon":-68.6638413,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

126

University of Michigan Hydrodynamics | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Hydrodynamics Hydrodynamics Jump to: navigation, search Hydro | Hydrodynamic Testing Facilities Name University of Michigan Address 1085 South University Avenue Place Ann Arbor, Michigan Zip 48109 Sector Hydro Phone number (734) 764-9432 Website http://www.engin.umich.edu/dep Coordinates 42.2757556°, -83.7362041° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":42.2757556,"lon":-83.7362041,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

127

Pennsylvania State University Hydrodynamics | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

State University Hydrodynamics State University Hydrodynamics Jump to: navigation, search Hydro | Hydrodynamic Testing Facilities Name Pennsylvania State University Address Applied Research Laboratory, Garfield Thomas Water Tunnel, PO Box 30 Place State College, Pennsylvania Zip 16804 Sector Hydro Phone number (814) 865-1741 Website http://www.arl.psu.edu/facilit Coordinates 40.7919761°, -77.8608811° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":40.7919761,"lon":-77.8608811,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

128

A quaternionic unification of electromagnetism and hydrodynamics  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We have derived energy conservation equations from the quaternionic Newton's law that is compatible with Lorentz transformation. This Newton's law yields directly the Euler equation and other relations governing the fluid motion. With this formalism, the pressure contributes positively to the dynamics of the system in the same way mass does. Hydrodynamic equations are derived from Maxwell's equations by adopting an electromagnetohydrodynamics analogy. In this analogy the hydroelectric field is related to the local acceleration of the fluid and the Lorentz gauge is related to the incompressible fluid condition. An analogous Lorentz gauge in hydrodynamics is proposed. We have shown that the vorticity of the fluid is developed whenever the particle local acceleration of the fluid deviates from the velocity direction. We have shown that Lorentz force in electromagnetism corresponds to Euler force for fluids. Moreover, we have obtained a Faraday-like law and Ampere's -like law in Hydrodynamics.

Arbab, Arbab I

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

129

Sandia National Laboratories Hydrodynamics | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Laboratories Hydrodynamics Laboratories Hydrodynamics Jump to: navigation, search Hydro | Hydrodynamic Testing Facilities Name Sandia National Laboratories Address P.O. Box 5800 Place Albuquerque, NM Zip 87185 Sector Hydro Website http://www.sandia.gov/vqsec/SO Coordinates 34.9799999°, -106.52° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":34.9799999,"lon":-106.52,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

130

Massachusetts Institute of Technology Hydrodynamics | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Massachusetts Institute of Technology Hydrodynamics Massachusetts Institute of Technology Hydrodynamics Jump to: navigation, search Hydro | Hydrodynamic Testing Facilities Name Massachusetts Institute of Technology Address 77 Massachusetts Avenue Place Cambridge, Massachusetts Zip 02139 Sector Hydro Phone number (617) 254-4348 Website http://web.mit.edu/towtank/www Coordinates 42.3597807°, -71.0936091° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":42.3597807,"lon":-71.0936091,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

131

A quaternionic unification of electromagnetism and hydrodynamics  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We have derived energy conservation equations from the quaternionic Newton's law that is compatible with Lorentz transformation. This Newton's law yields directly the Euler equation and other equations governing the fluid motion. With this formalism, the pressure contributes positively to the dynamics of the system in the same way mass does. Hydrodynamic equations are derived from Maxwell's equations by adopting an electromagnetohydrodynamics (EMH) analogy. In this analogy the hydroelectric field is related to the local acceleration of the fluid and the Lorentz gauge is related to the incompressible fluid condition. An analogous Lorentz gauge in hydrodynamics is proposed. We have shown that the vorticity of the fluid is developed whenever the particle local acceleration of the fluid deviates from the velocity direction. We have also shown that Lorentz force in electromagnetism corresponds to Euler force in fluids. Moreover, we have obtained Gauss's, Faraday's and Ampere's -like laws in Hydrodynamics.

Arbab I. Arbab

2010-02-27T23:59:59.000Z

132

Bounce-free spherical hydrodynamic implosion  

SciTech Connect

In a bounce-free spherical hydrodynamic implosion, the post-stagnation hot core plasma does not expand against the imploding flow. Such an implosion scheme has the advantage of improving the dwell time of the burning fuel, resulting in a higher fusion burn-up fraction. The existence of bounce-free spherical implosions is demonstrated by explicitly constructing a family of self-similar solutions to the spherically symmetric ideal hydrodynamic equations. When applied to a specific example of plasma liner driven magneto-inertial fusion, the bounce-free solution is found to produce at least a factor of four improvement in dwell time and fusion energy gain.

Kagan, Grigory; Tang Xianzhu; Hsu, Scott C.; Awe, Thomas J. [Los Alamos National Laboratory, Los Alamos, New Mexico 87545 (United States)

2011-12-15T23:59:59.000Z

133

Solar San Diego: The Impact of Binomial Rate Structures on Real PV Systems; Preprint  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

There is confusion in the marketplace regarding the impact of solar photovoltaics (PV) on the user's actual electricity bill under California Net Energy Metering, particularly with binomial tariffs (those that include both demand and energy charges) and time-of-use (TOU) rate structures. The City of San Diego has extensive real-time electrical metering on most of its buildings and PV systems, with interval data for overall consumption and PV electrical production available for multiple years. This paper uses 2007 PV-system data from two city facilities to illustrate the impacts of binomial rate designs. The analysis will determine the energy and demand savings that the PV systems are achieving relative to the absence of systems. A financial analysis of PV-system performance under various rate structures is presented. The data revealed that actual demand and energy use benefits of binomial tariffs increase in summer months, when solar resources allow for maximized electricity production. In a binomial tariff system, varying on- and semi-peak times can result in approximately $1,100 change in demand charges per month over not having a PV system in place, an approximate 30% cost savings. The PV systems are also shown to have a 30%-50% reduction in facility energy charges in 2007.

VanGeet, O.; Brown, E.; Blair, T.; McAllister, A.

2008-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

134

Solar San Diego: The Impact of Binomial Rate Structures on Real PV-Systems  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

There is confusion in the marketplace regarding the impact of solar photovoltaics (PV) on the user's actual electricity bill under California Net Energy Metering, particularly with binomial tariffs (those that include both demand and energy charges) and time-of-use (TOU) rate structures. The City of San Diego has extensive real-time electrical metering on most of its buildings and PV systems, with interval data for overall consumption and PV electrical production available for multiple years. This paper uses 2007 PV-system data from two city facilities to illustrate the impacts of binomial rate designs. The analysis will determine the energy and demand savings that the PV systems are achieving relative to the absence of systems. A financial analysis of PV-system performance under various rates structures is presented. The data revealed that actual demand and energy use benefits of bionomial tariffs increase in summer months, when solar resources allow for maximized electricity production. In a binomial tariff system, varying on- and semi-peak times can result in approximately $1,100 change in demand charges per month over not having a PV system in place, an approximate 30% cost savings. The PV systems are also shown to have a 30%-50% reduction in facility energy charges in 2007. Future work will include combining demand and electricity charges and increasing the breadth of rate structures tested, including the impacts of non-coincident demand charges.

Van Geet, O.; Brown, E.; Blair, T.; McAllister, A.

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

135

Of The Hot Cell Facility Site General Atomics San Diego, California W.c. Adams  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This report was prepared as an account of work sponsored by the United States Government. Neither the United States Government nor the U.S. Department of Energy, nor anyof their employees, makes any warranty, expressed or implied, or assumes any legal liability or responsibility for the accuracy, completeness, or usefulness of any information, apparatus, product, or process disclosed, or represents that its use would not infringe on privately owned rights. Reference herein to any specific commercial product, process, or service by trade name, mark, manufacturer, or otherwise, does not necessarilyconstitute or imply its endorsement or recommendation, or favor by the U.S. Government or any agency thereof. The views and opinions of authors expressed herein do not necessarily state or reflect those of the U.S. Government or any agency thereof. OF THE HOT CELL FACILITY SITE GENERAL ATOMICS SAN DIEGO, CALIFORNIA Prepared by W. C. Adams Environmental Survey and Site Assessment Program Radiological Safety, Assessments, and Training Oak Ridge Institute for Science and Education Oak Ridge, Tennessee 37831-0117 Prepared for Office of Site Closure U.S. Department of Energy FINAL REPORT JUNE 2000 This report is based on work performed under a contract with the U.S. Department of Energy

Prepared For The; W. C. Adams; W. C. Adams

2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

136

Stabilizing geometry for hydrodynamic rotary seals  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A hydrodynamic sealing assembly including a first component having first and second walls and a peripheral wall defining a seal groove, a second component having a rotatable surface relative to said first component, and a hydrodynamic seal comprising a seal body of generally ring-shaped configuration having a circumference. The seal body includes hydrodynamic and static sealing lips each having a cross-sectional area that substantially vary in time with each other about the circumference. In an uninstalled condition, the seal body has a length defined between first and second seal body ends which varies in time with the hydrodynamic sealing lip cross-sectional area. The first and second ends generally face the first and second walls, respectively. In the uninstalled condition, the first end is angulated relative to the first wall and the second end is angulated relative to the second wall. The seal body has a twist-limiting surface adjacent the static sealing lip. In the uninstalled condition, the twist-limiting surface is angulated relative to the peripheral wall and varies along the circumference. A seal body discontinuity and a first component discontinuity mate to prevent rotation of the seal body relative to the first component.

Dietle, Lannie L. (Houston, TX); Schroeder, John E. (Richmond, TX)

2010-08-10T23:59:59.000Z

137

General Relativity as Geometro-Hydrodynamics  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In the spirit of Sakharov's `metric elasticity' proposal, we draw a loose analogy between general relativity and the hydrodynamic state of a quantum gas. In the `top-down' approach, we examine the various conditions which underlie the transition from some candidate theory of quantum gravity to general relativity. Our emphasis here is more on the `bottom-up' approach, where one starts with the semiclassical theory of gravity and examines how it is modified by graviton and quantum field excitations near and above the Planck scale. We mention three aspects based on our recent findings: 1) Emergence of stochastic behavior of spacetime and matter fields depicted by an Einstein-Langevin equation. The backreaction of quantum fields on the classical background spacetime manifests as a fluctuation-dissipation relation. 2) Manifestation of stochastic behavior in effective theories below the threshold arising from excitations above. The implication for general relativity is that such Planckian effects, though exponentially suppressed, is in principle detectable at sub-Planckian energies. 3) Decoherence of correlation histories and quantum to classical transition. From Gell-Mann and Hartle's observation that the hydrodynamic variables which obey conservation laws are most readily decohered, one can, in the spirit of Wheeler, view the conserved Bianchi identity obeyed by the Einstein tensor as an indication that general relativity is a hydrodynamic theory of geometry. Many outstanding issues surrounding the transition to general relativity are of a nature similar to hydrodynamics and mesoscopic physics.

B. L. Hu

1996-07-29T23:59:59.000Z

138

Hydrodynamic design of axial hydraulic turbines  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper presents a complete methodology of the hydrodynamic design for the runner of axial hydraulic turbines (Kaplan) using the finite element method. The procedure starts with the parametric design of the meridian channel. Next, the stream traces ... Keywords: QTurbo3D, axial hydraulic turbines, design, meridian channel, runner blade

Daniel Balint; Viorel Cmpian

2011-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

139

Modeling early galaxies using radiation hydrodynamics  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This simulation uses a flux-limited diffusion solver to explore the radiation hydrodynamics of early galaxies, in particular, the ionizing radiation created by Population III stars. At the time of this rendering, the simulation has evolved to a redshift ... Keywords: astrophysics, modeling, visualization

Joseph A. Insley; Rick Wagner; Robert Harkness; Daniel R. Reynolds; Michael L. Norman; Mark Hereld; Eric C. Olson; Michael E. Papka; Venkatram Vishwanath

2011-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

140

Simple Waves in Ideal Radiation Hydrodynamics  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In the dynamic diffusion limit of radiation hydrodynamics, advection dominates diffusion; the latter primarily affects small scales and has negligible impact on the large scale flow. The radiation can thus be accurately regarded as an ideal fluid, i.e., radiative diffusion can be neglected along with other forms of dissipation. This viewpoint is applied here to an analysis of simple waves in an ideal radiating fluid. It is shown that much of the hydrodynamic analysis carries over by simply replacing the material sound speed, pressure and index with the values appropriate for a radiating fluid. A complete analysis is performed for a centered rarefaction wave, and expressions are provided for the Riemann invariants and characteristic curves of the one-dimensional system of equations. The analytical solution is checked for consistency against a finite difference numerical integration, and the validity of neglecting the diffusion operator is demonstrated. An interesting physical result is that for a material component with a large number of internal degrees of freedom and an internal energy greater than that of the radiation, the sound speed increases as the fluid is rarefied. These solutions are an excellent test for radiation hydrodynamic codes operating in the dynamic diffusion regime. The general approach may be useful in the development of Godunov numerical schemes for radiation hydrodynamics.

Bryan M. Johnson

2008-11-24T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "diego scripps hydrodynamic" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


141

Kinetic and hydrodynamic models of chemotactic aggregation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We derive general kinetic and hydrodynamic models of chemotactic aggregation that describe certain features of the morphogenesis of biological colonies (like bacteria, amoebae, endothelial cells or social insects). Starting from a stochastic model defined in terms of N coupled Langevin equations, we derive a nonlinear mean field Fokker-Planck equation governing the evolution of the distribution function of the system in phase space. By taking the successive moments of this kinetic equation and using a local thermodynamic equilibrium condition, we derive a set of hydrodynamic equations involving a damping term. In the limit of small frictions, we obtain a hyperbolic model describing the formation of network patterns (filaments) and in the limit of strong frictions we obtain a parabolic model which is a generalization of the standard Keller-Segel model describing the formation of clusters (clumps). Our approach connects and generalizes several models introduced in the chemotactic literature. We discuss the anal...

Chavanis, Pierre-Henri

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

142

LANL | Physics | Hydrodynamic Material Instabilities at extremes  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Understanding hydrodynamic material instabilities at extremes Understanding hydrodynamic material instabilities at extremes The National Nuclear Security Administration science-based stockpile stewardship program funds research that will improve critical physics-based dynamic materials models. Los Alamos National Laboratory and Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory, as nuclear weapon design laboratories, are mandated to predict the reliability and durability of the nuclear weapons stockpile. This is done using state-of-the-art supercomputers and computer codes. It is also important to have state-of-the-art physics models in these codes. Los Alamos has theory experts in dynamic materials, thus creating powerful working groups when combined with experimental experts in Physics Division and elsewhere. Key to the science-based stockpile stewardship program is making

143

Novel techniques for slurry bubble column hydrodynamics  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The objective of this cooperative research effort between Washington University, Ohio State University and Exxon Research Engineering Company was to improve the knowledge base for scale-up and operation of slurry bubble column reactors for syngas conversion and other coal conversion processes by increased reliance on experimentally verified hydrodynamic models. During the first year (July 1, 1995--June 30, 1996) of this three year program novel experimental tools (computer aided radioactive particle tracking (CARPT), particle image velocimetry (PIV), heat probe, optical fiber probe and gamma ray tomography) were developed and tuned for measurement of pertinent hydrodynamic quantities, such as velocity field, holdup distribution, heat transfer and bubble size. The accomplishments were delineated in the First Technical Annual Report. The second year (July, 1996--June 30, 1997) was spent on further development and tuning of the novel experimental tools (e.g., development of Monte Carlo calibration for CARPT, optical probe development), building up the hydrodynamic data base using these tools and comparison of the two techniques (PIV and CARPT) for determination of liquid velocities. A phenomenological model for gas and liquid backmixing was also developed. All accomplishments were summarized in the Second Annual Technical Report. During the third and final year of the program (July 1, 1997--June 30, 1998) and during the nine months no cost extension, the high pressure facility was completed and a set of data was taken at high pressure conditions. Both PIV, CT and CARPT were used. More fundamental hydrodynamic modeling was also undertaken and model predictions were compared to data. The accomplishments for this period are summarized in this report.

Dudukovic, M.P.

1999-05-14T23:59:59.000Z

144

The Quantum Hydrodynamic Description of Tunneling  

SciTech Connect

The quantum hydrodynamic approach is based on the de Broglie-Bohm formulation of quantum mechanics. The resulting fluid-like equations of motion describe the flow of probability and an accurate solution to these equations is equivalent to solving the time-dependent Schroedinger equation. Furthermore, the hydrodynamic approach provides new insight into the mechanisms as well as an alternative computational approach for treating tunneling phenomena. New concepts include well-defined 'quantum trajectories', 'quantum potential', and 'quantum force' all of which have classical analogues. The quantum potential and its associated force give rise to all quantum mechanical effects such as zero point energy, tunneling, and interference. A new numerical approach called the Iterative Finite Difference Method (IFDM) will be discussed. The IFDM is used to solve the set of non-linear coupled hydrodynamic equations. It is 2nd-order accurate in both space and time and exhibits exponential convergence with respect to the iteration count. The stability and computational efficiency of the IFDM is significantly improved by using a 'smart' Eulerian grid which has the same computational advantages as a Lagrangian or Arbitrary Lagrangian Eulerian (ALE) grid. The IFDM is also capable of treating anharmonic potentials. Example calculations using the IFDM will be presented which include: a one-dimensional Gaussian wave packet tunneling through an Eckart barrier, a one-dimensional bound-state Morse oscillator, and a two-dimensional (2D) model collinear reaction using an anharmonic potential energy surface. Approximate treatments of the quantum hydrodynamic equations will also be discussed which could allow scaling of the calculations to hundreds of degrees of freedom which is important for treating tunneling phenomena in condensed phase systems.

Kendrick, Brian K. [Los Alamos National Laboratory

2012-06-15T23:59:59.000Z

145

Composite particle hydrodynamics from dyonic black branes  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We construct an effective hydrodynamics of composite particles in three spacetime dimensions carrying magnetic flux, employing the holographic approach. The hydrodynamics can be obtained by considering the perturbation of dyonic black brane solutions in the derivative expansion. We consider two particular cases in more detail. In one case the gauge theory side is a Chern-Simon theory. This is enforced by assuming that the external current is the Poincare dual of the gauge field strength. Then the Hall conductivity is naturally incorporated and one can see the Hall momentum flow from the holographic energy-momentum tensor. For the other case we relax the aforementioned Chern-Simons condition for the external field. Then it turns out that the dual theory is a magnetohydrodynamics with an effective magnetic field which is shifted by external current. Both of these two hydrodynamics systems exhibit the behavior of composite particle systems. We also analyze the most general case, where we do not assume any relation between the charge density and the external magnetic field.

Kyung Kiu Kim; Nakwoo Kim; Yun-Long Zhang

2013-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

146

Hydrodynamic modes in a confined granular fluid  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Confined granular fluids, placed in a shallow box that is vibrated vertically, can achieve homogeneous stationary states thanks to energy injection mechanisms that take place throughout the system. These states can be stable even at high densities and inelasticities allowing for a detailed analysis of the hydrodynamic modes that govern the dynamics of granular fluids. Analyzing the decay of the time correlation functions it is shown that there is a crossover between a quasielastic regime in which energy evolves as a slow mode, to a inelastic regime, with energy slaved to the other conserved fields. The two regimes have well differentiated transport properties and, in the inelastic regime, the dynamics can be described by a reduced hydrodynamics with modified longitudinal viscosity and sound speed. The crossover between the two regimes takes place at a wavevector that is proportional to the inelasticity. A two dimensional granular model, with collisions that mimic the energy transfers that take place in a confined system is studied by means of microscopic simulations. The results show excellent agreement with the theoretical framework and allows the validation of hydrodynamic-like models.

Ricardo Brito; Dino Risso; Rodrigo Soto

2013-01-17T23:59:59.000Z

147

Cornell University Hydrodynamics | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

University Hydrodynamics University Hydrodynamics Jump to: navigation, search Hydro | Hydrodynamic Testing Facilities Name Cornell University Address DeFrees Hydraulics Laboratory, School of Civil and Environmental Engineering, 2B20 Hollister Place Ithaca, New York Zip 14853 Sector Hydro Phone number (607) 255-5140 Website http://www.cee.cornell.edu/abo Coordinates 42.4467049°, -76.4830579° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":42.4467049,"lon":-76.4830579,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

148

Assembly-driven metagenomics of a hypersaline microbial ecosystem (2013 DOE JGI Genomics of Energy and Environment 8th Annual User Meeting)  

SciTech Connect

Eric Allen of Scripps and UC San Diego on "Assembly-driven metagenomics of a hypersaline microbial ecosystem" at the 8th Annual Genomics of Energy & Environment Meeting on March 27, 2013 in Walnut Creek, Calif.

Allen, Eric [Scripps and UCSD

2013-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

149

earth matters at sCripps SCIENTISTS AT SCRIPPS OCEANOGRAPHY pioneered early  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

on the applied pressure in-pneumatic pressures. Matric potential differences of 10 to 15 cm (for crement during the connection of the tensiometer cupequilibrium points as well. with the acrylic tubing. The tensiometers extend- The bottom outlet was connected to a burette for measuringteristics using both a direct and an inverse

Constable, Steve

150

Scripps Institution of Oceanography Contributions Index Scripps Institution of Oceanography published an annual compilation of reprints  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

insulation and closed-cell hybrid microfoams to support flexible operations. For transfer systems, mission

Smith, Jerome A.

151

Dirac equation in terms of hydrodynamic variables  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The distributed system $\\mathcal{S}_D$ described by the Dirac equation is investigated simply as a dynamic system, i.e. without usage of quantum principles. The Dirac equation is described in terms of hydrodynamic variables: 4-flux $j^{i}$, pseudo-vector of the spin $S^{i}$, an action $\\hbar \\phi $ and a pseudo-scalar $\\kappa $. In the quasi-uniform approximation, when all transversal derivatives (orthogonal to the flux vector $j^i$) are small, the system $\\mathcal{S}_D$ turns to a statistical ensemble of classical concentrated systems $\\mathcal{S}_{dc}$. Under some conditions the classical system $\\mathcal{S}_{dc}$ describes a classical pointlike particle moving in a given electromagnetic field. In general, the world line of the particle is a helix, even if the electromagnetic field is absent. Both dynamic systems $\\mathcal{S}_D$ and $\\mathcal{S}_{dc}$ appear to be non-relativistic in the sense that the dynamic equations written in terms of hydrodynamic variables are not relativistically covariant with respect to them, although all dynamic variables are tensors or pseudo-tensors. They becomes relativistically covariant only after addition of a constant unit timelike vector $f^{i}$ which should be considered as a dynamic variable describing a space-time property. This "constant" variable arises instead of $\\gamma $-matrices which are removed by means of zero divizors in the course of the transformation to hydrodynamic variables. It is possible to separate out dynamic variables $\\kappa $, $\\kappa ^i$ responsible for quantum effects. It means that, setting $\\kappa ,\\kappa ^i\\equiv 0$, the dynamic system $\\mathcal{S}_D$ described by the Dirac equation turns to a statistical ensemble $\\mathcal{E}_{Dqu}$ of classical dynamic systems $\\mathcal{S}_{dc}$.

Yuri A. Rylov

2011-01-31T23:59:59.000Z

152

A hybrid Godunov method for radiation hydrodynamics  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

From a mathematical perspective, radiation hydrodynamics can be thought of as a system of hyperbolic balance laws with dual multiscale behavior (multiscale behavior associated with the hyperbolic wave speeds as well as multiscale behavior associated with source term relaxation). With this outlook in mind, this paper presents a hybrid Godunov method for one-dimensional radiation hydrodynamics that is uniformly well behaved from the photon free streaming (hyperbolic) limit through the weak equilibrium diffusion (parabolic) limit and to the strong equilibrium diffusion (hyperbolic) limit. Moreover, one finds that the technique preserves certain asymptotic limits. The method incorporates a backward Euler upwinding scheme for the radiation energy density E{sub r} and flux F{sub r} as well as a modified Godunov scheme for the material density {rho}, momentum density m, and energy density E. The backward Euler upwinding scheme is first-order accurate and uses an implicit HLLE flux function to temporally advance the radiation components according to the material flow scale. The modified Godunov scheme is second-order accurate and directly couples stiff source term effects to the hyperbolic structure of the system of balance laws. This Godunov technique is composed of a predictor step that is based on Duhamel's principle and a corrector step that is based on Picard iteration. The Godunov scheme is explicit on the material flow scale but is unsplit and fully couples matter and radiation without invoking a diffusion-type approximation for radiation hydrodynamics. This technique derives from earlier work by Miniati and Colella (2007) . Numerical tests demonstrate that the method is stable, robust, and accurate across various parameter regimes.

Sekora, Michael D., E-mail: sekora@math.princeton.ed [Program in Applied and Computational Mathematics, Princeton University, Princeton, NJ 08544 (United States); Stone, James M. [Program in Applied and Computational Mathematics, Princeton University, Princeton, NJ 08544 (United States); Department of Astrophysical Sciences, Princeton University, Princeton, NJ 08544 (United States)

2010-09-20T23:59:59.000Z

153

Gas-liquid hydrodynamics in Taylor Flows with complex liquids.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Universit di Pisa Facolt di Ingegneria Dipartimento di Ingegneria Chimica, Chimica Industriale e Scienza dei Materiali Relazione di tirocinio in Ingegneria Chimica Gas-liquid hydrodynamics in (more)

ALBERINI, FEDERICO

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

154

Assessing Thermo-Hydrodynamic-Chemical Processes at the Dixie...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Assessing Thermo-Hydrodynamic-Chemical Processes at the Dixie Valley Geothermal Area- A Reactive Transport Modeling Approach Jump to: navigation, search OpenEI Reference LibraryAdd...

155

Hydrodynamic Interactions of Two Micro-bubbles Due to an ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Presentation Title, Hydrodynamic Interactions of Two Micro-bubbles Due to an ... A Review of Pyro, Hydro and Electro-metallurgical Processes for Recovering...

156

13.024 Numerical Marine Hydrodynamics, Spring 2003  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Introduction to numerical methods: interpolation, differentiation, integration, systems of linear equations. Solution of differential equations by numerical integration, partial differential equations of inviscid hydrodynamics: ...

Milgram, Jerome H.

157

University of California system in federal expenditures, at $381.6 million. The University of California, San Diego (UCSD), continues to reflect its leadership among the nation's  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In Brief University of California system in federal expenditures, at $381.6 million. The University of California, San Diego (UCSD), continues to reflect its leadership among the nation's leading research of California system in federal awards, at $539.8 milllion, and second in the 2001-02 7 The table below shows

Krstic, Miroslav

158

Plenary Session, Harvard Electricity Policy Group, January 29-30, 1998, San Diego, California THE ELECTRIC MARKET RESTRUCTURING IN SOUTH AMERICA  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

experience", 18th Annual North American Conference International Association of Energy Economics, San in the Chilean electric power sector", Energy Policy, August 1988, pp. 369-377 [4] Hammons, T.J., de Franco, N1 Plenary Session, Harvard Electricity Policy Group, January 29-30, 1998, San Diego, California

Catholic University of Chile (Universidad Católica de Chile)

159

Green's functions and hydrodynamics for isotopic binary diffusion  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We study classical binary fluid mixtures in which densities vary on very short time (ps) and length (nm) scales, such that hydrodynamics does not apply. In a pure fluid with a localized heat pulse the breakdown of hydrodynamics was overcome using Green's functions which connect the initial densities to those at later times. Numerically it appeared that for long times the results from the Green's functions would approach hydrodynamics. In this paper we extend the Green's functions theory to binary mixtures. For the case of isothermal isobaric mutual diffusion in isotopic binary mixtures and ideal binary mixtures, which is easier to handle than heat conduction yet still non-trivial, we show analytically that in the Green's function approach one recovers hydrodynamic behaviour at long time scales provided the system reaches local equilibrium at long times. This is a first step toward giving the Green's function theory a firmer basis because it can for this case be considered as an extension of hydrodynamics.

R. van Zon; E. G. D. Cohen

2005-08-10T23:59:59.000Z

160

Dual Axis Radiographic Hydrodynamic Test Facility  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

DARHT Facility: A critical component of stockpile stewardship DARHT Facility: A critical component of stockpile stewardship A new research frontier awaits! Our door is open and we thrive on mutually beneficial partnerships, collaborations that drive innovations and new technologies. April 12, 2012 Dominic Tafoya and Dave Honaberger prepare a refurbished DARHT (Dual Axis Radiographic Hydrotest Facility) 2nd axis accelerator cell for magnetic axis alignment measurements. Contact Group Leader Terry Priestley (505) 665-1330 Email Deputy Group Leader Tim Ferris (505) 665-2179 Email Hydrotests are critical in assessing nuclear weapons in nation's stockpile Dual Axis Radiographic Hydrodynamic Test facility 4:17 How DARHT Works The weapons programs at Los Alamos have one principal mission: ensure the safety, security, and effectiveness of nuclear weapons in our nation's

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "diego scripps hydrodynamic" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


161

Hydrodynamic orienting of asymmetric microobjects under gravity  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

It is shown that nonsymmetric microobjects orient while settling under gravity in a viscous fluid. To analyze this process, a simple shape is chosen: a non-deformable `chain'. The chain consists of two straight arms, made of touching solid spheres. In the absence of external torques, the spheres are free to spin along the arms. The motion of the chain is evaluated by solving the Stokes equations with the use of the multipole method. It is demonstrated that the spinning beads speed up sedimentation by a small amount, and increase the orientation rate significantly in comparison to the corresponding rigid chain. It is shown that chains orient towards the V-shaped stable stationary configuration. In contrast, rods and star-shaped microobjects do not rotate. The hydrodynamic orienting is relevant for efficient swimming of non-symmetric microobjects, and for sedimenting suspensions.

Maria L. Ekiel-Jezewska; Eligiusz Wajnryb

2008-12-12T23:59:59.000Z

162

Hydrodynamics of R-charged black holes  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We consider hydrodynamics of N=4 supersymmetric SU(N_c) Yang-Mills plasma at a nonzero density of R-charge. In the regime of large N_c and large 't Hooft coupling the gravity dual description involves an asymptotically Anti- de Sitter five-dimensional charged black hole solution of Behrnd, Cvetic and Sabra. We compute the shear viscosity as a function of chemical potentials conjugated to the three U(1) \\subset SO(6)_R charges. The ratio of the shear viscosity to entropy density is independent of the chemical potentials and is equal to 1/4\\pi. For a single charge black hole we also compute the thermal conductivity, and investigate the critical behavior of the transport coefficients near the boundary of thermodynamic stability.

Dam T. Son; Andrei O. Starinets

2006-01-20T23:59:59.000Z

163

Hydrodynamics of a vertical hydraulic fracture  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

We have developed a numerical algorithm, HUBBERT, to simulate the hydrodynamics of a propagating vertical, rectangular fracture in an elastic porous medium. Based on the IFD method, this algorithm assumes fracture geometry to be prescribed. The breakdown and the creation of the incipient fracture is carried out according to the Hubbert-Willis theory. The propagation of the fracture is based on the criterion provided by Griffith, based on energy considerations. The deformation properties of the open fracture are based on simple elasticity solutions. The fracture is assumed to have an elliptical shape to a distance equal to the fracture height, beyond which the shape is assumed to be parallel plate. A consequence of Griffith's criterion is that the fracture must propagate in discrete steps. The parametric studies carried out suggest that for a clear understanding of the hydrodynamics of the hydraulic fracture many hitherto unrecognized parameters must be better understood. Among these parameters one might mention, efficiency, aperture of the newly formed fracture, stiffness of the newly formed fracture, relation between fracture aperture and permeability, and well bore compliance. The results of the studies indicate that the patterns of pressure transients and the magnitudes of fracture length appear to conform to field observations. In particular, the discrete nature of fracture propagation as well as the relevant time scales of interest inferred from the present work seem to be corroborated by seismic monitoring in the field. The results suggest that the estimation of least principal stress can be reliably made either with shut in data or with reinjection data provided that injection rates are very small.

Narasimhan, T.N.

1987-03-24T23:59:59.000Z

164

Scalable, hydrodynamic and radiation-hydrodynamic studies of neutron stars mergers  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We discuss the high performance computing issues involved in the numerical simulation of binary neutron star mergers and supernovae. These phenomena, which are of great interest to astronomers and physicists, can only be described by modeling the gravitational ... Keywords: BiCG, Cray T3E, Silicon Graphics Origin 2000, astronomy, astrophysics, binary neutron stars, eulerian, fluid dynamics, gravitational field, hydrodynamics, iterative methods, linear systems, multidimensions, neutron star, parallel computing, precondition, radiation transport

F. Douglas Swesty; Paul Saylor; Dennis C. Smolarski; E. Y. M. Wang

1997-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

165

Analysis of the smoothed particle hydrodynamics method for free-surface flows  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Smoothed Particle Hydrodynamics (SPH) is a simple and attractive meshless Lagrangian particle method with applications in many fields such as astrophysics, hydrodynamics, magnetohydrodynamics, gas explosions, and granular ...

Kiara, Areti

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

166

Inhibition of Mild Steel Corrosion under Hydrodynamic Conditions  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The inhibition of mild steel corrosion by 4-amino-5-phenyl-4H-1, 2, 4-trizole-3-thiol (APTT) in 2.5 M H{sub 2}SO{sub 4} solution and the effect of hydrodynamic condition on inhibition process were studied. The hydrodynamic condition experiments are simulated by rotating cylinder electrode (RCE). Change of open circuit potential (OCP) with immersion time and potentiodynamic polarization were used to study the effect of hydrodynamic conditions on the inhibition process. Results obtained from changes of open circuit potential (OCP) with immersion time, and potentiodynamic polarization are in good agreement and indicated that the inhibition process was flow velocity dependence.

Musa, Ahmed Y.; Kadhum, Abdul Amir H.; Mohamad, Abu Bakar; Takriff, Mohd Sobri; Kamarudin, Siti Kartom [Department of Chemical and Process Engineering, Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia, Bangi, 43600, Selangor (Malaysia); Daud, Abdul Razak [School of Applied Physics, Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia, Bangi, 43600, Selangor (Malaysia)

2010-07-07T23:59:59.000Z

167

Vacuum energy: quantum hydrodynamics vs quantum gravity  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We compare quantum hydrodynamics and quantum gravity. They share many common features. In particular, both have quadratic divergences, and both lead to the problem of the vacuum energy, which in the quantum gravity transforms to the cosmological constant problem. We show that in quantum liquids the vacuum energy density is not determined by the quantum zero-point energy of the phonon modes. The energy density of the vacuum is much smaller and is determined by the classical macroscopic parameters of the liquid including the radius of the liquid droplet. In the same manner the cosmological constant is not determined by the zero-point energy of quantum fields. It is much smaller and is determined by the classical macroscopic parameters of the Universe dynamics: the Hubble radius, the Newton constant and the energy density of matter. The same may hold for the Higgs mass problem: the quadratically divergent quantum correction to the Higgs potential mass term is also cancelled by the microscopic (trans-Planckian) degrees of freedom due to thermodynamic stability of the whole quantum vacuum.

G. E. Volovik

2005-05-20T23:59:59.000Z

168

Energy Gradient Theory of Hydrodynamic Instability  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A new universal theory for flow instability and turbulent transition is proposed in this study. Flow instability and turbulence transition have been challenging subjects for fluid dynamics for a century. The critical condition of turbulent transition from theory and experiments differs largely from each other for Poiseuille flows. In this paper, a new mechanism of flow instability and turbulence transition is presented for parallel shear flows and the energy gradient theory of hydrodynamic instability is proposed. It is stated that the total energy gradient in the transverse direction and that in the streamwise direction of the main flow dominate the disturbance amplification or decay. A new dimensionless parameter K for characterizing flow instability is proposed for wall bounded shear flows, which is expressed as the ratio of the energy gradients in the two directions. It is thought that flow instability should first occur at the position of Kmax which may be the most dangerous position. This speculation is confirmed by Nishioka et al's experimental data. Comparison with experimental data for plane Poiseuille flow and pipe Poiseuille flow indicates that the proposed idea is really valid. It is found that the turbulence transition takes place at a critical value of Kmax of about 385 for both plane Poiseuille flow and pipe Poiseuille flow, below which no turbulence will occur regardless the disturbance. More studies show that the theory is also valid for plane Couette flows and Taylor-Couette flows between concentric rotating cylinders.

Hua-Shu Dou

2005-01-28T23:59:59.000Z

169

The hydrodynamics of dead radio galaxies  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We present a numerical investigation of dead, or relic, radio galaxies and the environmental impact that radio galaxy activity has on the host galaxy or galaxy cluster. We perform axisymmetric hydrodynamical calculations of light, supersonic, back-to-back jets propagating in a beta-model galaxy/cluster atmosphere. We then shut down the jet activity and let the resulting structure evolve passively. The dead source undergoes an initial phase of pressure driven expansion until it achieves pressure equilibrium with its surroundings. Thereafter, buoyancy forces drive the evolution and lead to the formation of two oppositely directed plumes that float high into the galaxy/cluster atmosphere. These plumes entrain a significant amount of low entropy material from the galaxy/cluster core and lift it high into the atmosphere. An important result is that a large fraction (at least half) of the energy injected by the jet activity is thermalized in the ISM/ICM core. The whole ISM/ICM atmosphere inflates in order to regain hydrostatic equilibrium. This inflation is mediated by an approximately spherical disturbance which propagates into the atmosphere at the sound speed. The fact that such a large fraction of the injected energy is thermalized suggests that radio galaxies may have an important role in the overall energy budget of rich ISM/ICM atmospheres. In particular, they may act as a strong and highly time-dependent source of negative feedback for galaxy/cluster cooling flows.

C. S. Reynolds; S. Heinz; M. C. Begelman

2002-01-16T23:59:59.000Z

170

Property:Hydrodynamic Testing Facility Type | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Hydrodynamic Testing Facility Type Hydrodynamic Testing Facility Type Jump to: navigation, search Property Name Hydrodynamic Testing Facility Type Property Type Page Pages using the property "Hydrodynamic Testing Facility Type" Showing 25 pages using this property. (previous 25) (next 25) 1 1.5-ft Wave Flume Facility + Flume + 10-ft Wave Flume Facility + Flume + 11-ft Wave Flume Facility + Flume + 2 2-ft Flume Facility + Flume + 3 3-ft Wave Flume Facility + Flume + 5 5-ft Wave Flume Facility + Flume + 6 6-ft Wave Flume Facility + Flume + A Alden Large Flume + Flume + Alden Small Flume + Flume + Alden Tow Tank + Tow Tank + Alden Wave Basin + Wave Basin + B Breakwater Research Facility + Wave Basin + Bucknell Hydraulic Flume + Flume + C Carderock 2-ft Variable Pressure Cavitation Water Tunnel + Tunnel +

171

DARHT: Dual-Axis Radiographic Hydrodynamic Test Facility  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

DARHT: Dual-Axis Radiographic Hydrodynamic Test Facility DARHT: Dual-Axis Radiographic Hydrodynamic Test Facility DARHT: Dual-Axis Radiographic Hydrodynamic Test Facility DARHT, supports a critical component of LANL's primary mission: to ensure the safety, security, and effectiveness of nuclear weapons in our nation's stockpile. Los Alamos scientists built DARHT, the world's most powerful x-ray machine, to analyze mockups of nuclear weapons. At the Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL), the Dual-Axis Radiographic Hydrodynamic Test Facility, or DARHT, supports a critical component of LANL's primary mission: to ensure the safety, security, and effectiveness of nuclear weapons in our nation's stockpile. Los Alamos scientists built DARHT, the world's most powerful x-ray machine, to analyze mockups of nuclear weapons.

172

Modeling of nearshore hydrodynamics for sediment transport calculations  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This thesis analyzes and improves Tajima's (2004) nearshore hydrodynamic model. Tajima's simple model accurately predicts long-shore sediment transport along long, straight beaches, while cross-shore transport predictions ...

Gonzalez-Rodriguez, David, Ph. D. Massachusetts Institute of Technology

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

173

The new computer program for three dimensional relativistic hydrodynamical model  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

An effective computer program for three dimensional relativistic hydrodynamical model has been developed. It implements a new approach to the early hot phase of relativistic heavy-ion collisions. The computer program simulates time-space evolution of nuclear matter in terms of ideal-fluid dynamics. Equations of motions of hydrodynamics are solved making use of finite difference methods. Commonly-used algorithms of numerical relativistic hydrodynamics RHLLE and MUSTA-FORCE have been applied in simulations. To speed-up calculations, parallel processing has been made available for solving hydrodynamical equations. The test results of simulations for 3D, 2D and Bjorken expansion are reported in this paper. As a next step we plan to implement the hadronization algorithm by implementing the continuous particle emission for freeze-out and comparing it with Cooper-Frye formula.

Daniel Kikola; Wiktor Peryt; Yuri M. Sinyukov; Marcin Slodkowski; Marek Szuba

2006-01-30T23:59:59.000Z

174

EIS-0228: Dual Axis Radiographic Hydrodynamic Test (DARHT) Facility  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

This EIS evaluates the potential environmental impact of a proposal to construct and operate theDual Axis Radiographic Hydrodynamic Test (DARHT) facility at Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL)...

175

Record of Decision Dual Axis Radiographic Hydrodynamic Test Facility  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

8:45 am BILLING CODE 6450-01-P Record of Decision Dual Axis Radiographic Hydrodynamic Test Facility AGENCY: Department of Energy. ACTION: Record of decision. SUMMARY: The...

176

13.012 Hydrodynamics for Ocean Engineering, Fall 2002  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Development of the fundamental equations of fluid mechanics and their simplifications for several areas of marine hydrodynamics. Application of these principles to the solution of ocean engineering problems. Topics include ...

Techet, Alexandra Hughes

177

Amendment of Presidential Permit (PP-68) San Diego Gas & Electric Company for Interconnection of Otay Mesa Generating Project to Miguel-Tijuana 230 kV Transmission Line San Diego, California  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Section Page S:\COMM\NEPA\TODO \EA1383\EATOC1 -R.DOC 4/1/02 -i- 1.0 INTRODUCTION 1-1 1.1 BACKGROUND 1-1 1.2 SCOPE OF PROJECT 1-2 1.3 PURPOSE AND NEED 1-3 1.4 AGENCY ACTIONS 1-3 1.4.1 Federal 1-3 1.4.1.1 U.S. Department of Energy 1-3 1.4.1.2 U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service 1-4 1.4.2 Other Agenc y Actions 1-4 1.4.2.1 California Energy Commission 1-4 1.4.2.2 California Department of Fish and Game 1-4 1.4.2.3 State Historic Preservation Office 1-5 1.4.2.4 San Diego County 1-5 2.0 PROPOSED ACTION AND ALTERNATIVES 2-1 2.1 NO ACTION ALTERNATIVE 2-1 2.2 PROPOSED ACTION 2-1 2.2.1 Proposed Amendment to Presidential Permit (PP-68) 2-2 2.2.2 Description of Proposed Project Components and Activities 2-3 2.2.2.1 Otay Mesa 230 kV Switchyard 2-3

178

University of New Hampshire Hydrodynamics | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Hydrodynamics Hydrodynamics Jump to: navigation, search Hydro | Hydrodynamic Testing Facilities Name University of New Hampshire Address Chase Ocean Engineering Laboratory, 24 Colovos Road Place Durham, NH Zip 03824 Sector Hydro Phone number (603) 862-0672 Website http://marine.unh.edu/faciliti Coordinates 43.1362084°, -70.9387742° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":43.1362084,"lon":-70.9387742,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

179

Assessing Thermo-Hydrodynamic-Chemical Processes at the Dixie Valley  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Assessing Thermo-Hydrodynamic-Chemical Processes at the Dixie Valley Assessing Thermo-Hydrodynamic-Chemical Processes at the Dixie Valley Geothermal Area- A Reactive Transport Modeling Approach Jump to: navigation, search OpenEI Reference LibraryAdd to library Conference Paper: Assessing Thermo-Hydrodynamic-Chemical Processes at the Dixie Valley Geothermal Area- A Reactive Transport Modeling Approach Abstract A 2D reactive transport model of the Dixie Valley,Nevada, geothermal area was developed to assessfluid flow pathways and fluid rock interactionprocesses. Setting up the model includedspecification of the mineralogy of the different rockunits, the formulation of the corresponding mineraldissolution and precipitation reactions, the explicitdefinition of two major normal faults and thespecification of a dual continuum domain

180

3-D HYDRODYNAMIC MODELING IN A GEOSPATIAL FRAMEWORK  

SciTech Connect

3-D hydrodynamic models are used by the Savannah River National Laboratory (SRNL) to simulate the transport of thermal and radionuclide discharges in coastal estuary systems. Development of such models requires accurate bathymetry, coastline, and boundary condition data in conjunction with the ability to rapidly discretize model domains and interpolate the required geospatial data onto the domain. To facilitate rapid and accurate hydrodynamic model development, SRNL has developed a pre- and post-processor application in a geospatial framework to automate the creation of models using existing data. This automated capability allows development of very detailed models to maximize exploitation of available surface water radionuclide sample data and thermal imagery.

Bollinger, J; Alfred Garrett, A; Larry Koffman, L; David Hayes, D

2006-08-24T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "diego scripps hydrodynamic" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


181

Does Fluctuating Nonlinear Hydrodynamics Support an Ergodic-Nonergodic Transition?  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Despite its appeal, real and simulated glass forming systems do not undergo an ergodic-nonergodic (ENE) transition. We reconsider whether the fluctuating nonlinear hydrodynamics (FNH) model for this system, introduced by us in 1986, supports an ENE transition. Using nonperturbative arguments, with no reference to the hydrodynamic regime, we show that the FNH model does not support an ENE transition. Our results support the findings in the original paper. Assertions in the literature questioning the validity of the original work are shown to be in error.

Shankar P. Das; Gene F. Mazenko

2008-01-11T23:59:59.000Z

182

Relativistic hydrodynamics, heavy ion reactions and antiproton annihilation  

SciTech Connect

The application of relativistic hydrodynamics to relativistic heavy ions and antiproton annihilation is summarized. Conditions for validity of hydrodynamics are presented. Theoretical results for inclusive particle spectra, pion production and flow analysis are given for medium energy heavy ions. The two-fluid model is introduced and results presented for reactions from 800 MeV per nucleon to 15 GeV on 15 GeV per nucleon. Temperatures and densities attained in antiproton annihilation are given. Finally, signals which might indicate the presence of a quark-gluon plasma are briefly surveyed.

Strottman, D.

1985-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

183

An impulse framework for hydrodynamic force analysis : fish propulsion, water entry of spheres, and marine propellers  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This thesis presents an impulse framework for analyzing the hydrodynamic forces on bodies in flow. This general theoretical framework is widely applicable, and it is used to address the hydrodynamics of fish propulsion, ...

Epps, Brenden P

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

184

Non-dissipative hydrodynamics: Effective actions versus entropy current  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

While conventional hydrodynamics incorporating dissipative effects is hard to derive from an action principle, it is nevertheless possible to construct classical actions when the dissipative terms are switched off. In this note we undertake a systematic exploration of such constructions from an effective field theory approach and argue for the existence of non-trivial second order non-dissipative hydrodynamics involving pure energy-momentum transport. We find these fluids to be characterized by five second-order transport coefficients based on the effective action (a three parameter family is Weyl invariant). On the other hand since all flows of such fluids are non-dissipative, they entail zero entropy production; one can therefore understand them using the entropy current formalism which has provided much insight into hydrodynamic transport. An analysis of the most general stress tensor with zero entropy production however turns out to give a seven parameter family of non-dissipative hydrodynamics (a four parameter sub-family being Weyl invariant). The non-dissipative fluids derived from the effective action approach are a special case of the fluid dynamics constrained by conservation of the entropy current. We speculate on the reasons for the mismatch and potential limitations of the effective action approach.

Jyotirmoy Bhattacharya; Sayantani Bhattacharyya; Mukund Rangamani

2012-11-05T23:59:59.000Z

185

Improved ADCP Performance Using a Hydrodynamically Designed Boom Mount  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper presents the results of the design and testing of a hydrodynamic mount for a direct-reading 150-kHz acoustic Doppler current profiler (ADCP) operated over the side of a small inshore vessel in transect mode (i.e., while steaming). The ...

E. B. Colbourne; J. Helbig; D. Cumming

1993-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

186

Shock propagation and stability in causal dissipative hydrodynamics  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We studied the shock propagation and its stability with the causal dissipative hydrodynamics in 1+1 dimensional systems. We show that the presence of the usual viscosity is not enough to stabilize the solution. This problem is solved by introducing an additional viscosity which is related to the coarse-graining scale of the theory.

G. S. Denicol; T. Kodama; T. Koide; Ph. Mota

2008-05-12T23:59:59.000Z

187

Study on Hydrodynamic Outline of an Unmanned Underwater Vehicle  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Unmanned Underwater Vehicle (UUV) is being widely developed and used in many areas. In order to meet the low resistance and low noise requirements of a kind of UUV for long voyage, the outline curve and parameters of different sections of the UUV are ... Keywords: Unmanned underwater vehicle, Hydrodynamic outline, Low resistance, Low noise

Shao Zhiyu, Fang Jing, Feng Shunshan, Cheng Yufeng

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

188

Event-by-event hydrodynamics: A better tool to study the Quark-Gluon plasma  

SciTech Connect

Hydrodynamics has been established as a good tool to describe many data from relativistic heavyion collisions performed at RHIC and LHC. More recently, it has become clear that it is necessary to use event-by-event hydrodynamics (i.e. describe each collision individually using hydrodynamics), an approach first developed in Brazil. In this paper, I review which data require the use of event-by-event hydrodynamics and what more we may learn on the Quark-Gluon Plasma with this.

Grassi, Frederique [Instituto de Fisica, Universidade de Sao Paulo (Brazil)

2013-03-25T23:59:59.000Z

189

A direct Eulerian GRP scheme for relativistic hydrodynamics: One-dimensional case  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The paper proposes a direct Eulerian generalized Riemann problem (GRP) scheme for one-dimensional relativistic hydrodynamics. It is an extension of the Eulerian GRP scheme for compressible non-relativistic hydrodynamics proposed in [M. Ben-Artzi, J.Q. ... Keywords: Characteristic coordinate, Godunov scheme, Rankine-Hugoniot jump condition, Relativistic hydrodynamics, Riemann invariant, The generalized Riemann problem scheme

Zhicheng Yang; Peng He; Huazhong Tang

2011-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

190

San Diego Bay Bibliography  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

yearly intervals. Cooling water intake system demonstration.sewage spills. Cooling water intake system demonstration ..summary cooling water intake system demonstration (in

Brueggeman, Peter

1994-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

191

San Diego Bay Bibliography  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Center, Marine Environmental Management Office; Reproducedby the Marine Environmental Management Office of the Naval

Brueggeman, Peter

1994-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

192

Scripps Ph.D. Student Handbook Updated August 2012  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

ModelMuse--A Graphical User Interface for MODFLOW­2005 and PHAST By Richard B. Winston Chapter 29.B., 2009, ModelMuse--A graphical user interface for MODFLOW­2005 and PHAST: U.S. Geological Survey.................................................................................................................................................... 2 PHAST Models

Talley, Lynne D.

193

R.D. Stambaugh Scripps institute of Oceanography  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

V Substation Turbulence Imaging Momentum Transport Particle Transport Divertor Flows Main Chamber Fast Ion MHD projection to ITER. Two ELM free regimes found. Factor 2 projection not good enough. Physics of ELM free - managing charge? Subject #12;RESEARCH STATUS AND ISSUES 008-03/RDS/rsNATIONAL FUSION FACILITY S A N D I E G

194

Development and Implementation of Radiation-Hydrodynamics Verification Test Problems  

SciTech Connect

Analytic solutions to the radiation-hydrodynamic equations are useful for verifying any large-scale numerical simulation software that solves the same set of equations. The one-dimensional, spherically symmetric Coggeshall No.9 and No.11 analytic solutions, cell-averaged over a uniform-grid have been developed to analyze the corresponding solutions from the Los Alamos National Laboratory Eulerian Applications Project radiation-hydrodynamics code xRAGE. These Coggeshall solutions have been shown to be independent of heat conduction, providing a unique opportunity for comparison with xRAGE solutions with and without the heat conduction module. Solution convergence was analyzed based on radial step size. Since no shocks are involved in either problem and the solutions are smooth, second-order convergence was expected for both cases. The global L1 errors were used to estimate the convergence rates with and without the heat conduction module implemented.

Marcath, Matthew J. [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Wang, Matthew Y. [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Ramsey, Scott D. [Los Alamos National Laboratory

2012-08-22T23:59:59.000Z

195

Hydrodynamic granular segregation induced by boundary heating and shear  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Segregation induced by a thermal gradient of an impurity in a driven low-density granular gas is studied. The system is enclosed between two parallel walls from which we input thermal energy to the gas. We study here steady states occurring when the inelastic cooling is exactly balanced by some external energy input (stochastic force or viscous heating), resulting in a uniform heat flux. A segregation criterion based on Navier-Stokes granular hydrodynamics is written in terms of the tracer diffusion transport coefficients, whose dependence on the parameters of the system (masses, sizes and coefficients of restitution) is explicitly determined from a solution of the inelastic Boltzmann equation. The theoretical predictions are validated by means of Monte Carlo and molecular dynamics simulations, showing that Navier-Stokes hydrodynamics produces accurate segregation criteria even under strong shearing and/or inelasticity.

Francisco Vega Reyes; Vicente Garz; Nagi Khalil

2013-10-02T23:59:59.000Z

196

Simulation of Tailrace Hydrodynamics Using Computational Fluid Dynamics Models  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

This report investigates the feasibility of using computational fluid dynamics (CFD) tools to investigate hydrodynamic flow fields surrounding the tailrace zone below large hydraulic structures. Previous and ongoing studies using CFD tools to simulate gradually varied flow with multiple constituents and forebay/intake hydrodynamics have shown that CFD tools can provide valuable information for hydraulic and biological evaluation of fish passage near hydraulic structures. These studies however are incapable of simulating the rapidly varying flow fields that involving breakup of the free-surface, such as those through and below high flow outfalls and spillways. Although the use of CFD tools for these types of flow are still an active area of research, initial applications discussed in this report show that these tools are capable of simulating the primary features of these highly transient flow fields.

Cook, Chris B; Richmond, Marshall C

2001-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

197

Hydrodynamic effect in a tank containing two liquids  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Liquid Metal Reactor (LMR) research based on the Integral Fast Reactor (IFR) concept is currently underway at Argonne National Laboratory (ANL). One of the key features in the IFR concept is the closed fissile self-sufficient fuel cycle using pyrometallurgical processing and injection-casting to refabricate recycled fuels (Burris et al. 1987). The pyrometallurgical process is carried out primarily in a tank called the electrorefiner which contains two liquids with different mass densities. This tank should be properly designed to survive the earthquake to which it may be subjected; therefore, it is important to understand the hydrodynamic seduced in the tank during the seismic event in order to compute the corresponding stresses accurately. This paper deals with the hydrodynamic response of the electrorefiner to a given design earthquake. Both analytical and numerical (FEM) methods are employed in the analysis. The tank is assumed to be rigid, and the response is considered to be linear.

Tang, Y.

1993-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

198

Neutrino signature of supernova hydrodynamical instabilities in three dimensions  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The first full-scale three-dimensional (3D) core-collapse supernova (SN) simulations with sophisticated neutrino transport show pronounced effects of the standing accretion shock instability (SASI) for two high-mass progenitors (20 and 27 M_sun). In a low-mass progenitor (11.2 M_sun), large-scale convection is the dominant nonradial hydrodynamic instability in the postshock accretion layer. The SASI-associated modulation of the neutrino signal (80 Hz in our two examples) will be clearly detectable in IceCube or the future Hyper-Kamiokande detector, depending on progenitor properties, distance, and observer location relative to the main SASI sloshing direction. The neutrino signal from the next galactic SN can therefore diagnose the nature of the hydrodynamic instability.

Irene Tamborra; Florian Hanke; Bernhard Mueller; Hans-Thomas Janka; Georg Raffelt

2013-07-30T23:59:59.000Z

199

Hydrodynamic design loads for the OTEC cold water pipe  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Ocean current and/or plant motion crossflows induce time dependent hydrodynamic loads on the OTEC cold water pipe due to vortex shedding. Design criteria were established for mean and fluctuating loads based on a review of the literature, analysis of test data acquired by SAI under a previous experimental program and an analytical extension of test results to higher Reynolds number. Baseline loads were specified for rigid cylinders in uniform flows. Modifications to the loads by current shear, stratification and cylinder motion, were investigated and final design criteria established. Limited structural response calculations were performed to demonstrate the use of the design criteria and to investigate briefly the possible structural response mode. Comparisons were made with alternate hydrodynamic loads, and recommendations were made for experimental verification.

Hove, D.; Shih, W.; Albano, E.

1978-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

200

Enhanced Heat Flow in the Hydrodynamic Collisionless Regime  

SciTech Connect

We study the heat conduction of a cold, thermal cloud in a highly asymmetric trap. The cloud is axially hydrodynamic, but due to the asymmetric trap radially collisionless. By locally heating the cloud we excite a thermal dipole mode and measure its oscillation frequency and damping rate. We find an unexpectedly large heat conduction compared to the homogeneous case. The enhanced heat conduction in this regime is partially caused by atoms with a high angular momentum spiraling in trajectories around the core of the cloud. Since atoms in these trajectories are almost collisionless they strongly contribute to the heat transfer. We observe a second, oscillating hydrodynamic mode, which we identify as a standing wave sound mode.

Meppelink, R.; Rooij, R. van; Vogels, J. M.; Straten, P. van der [Atom Optics and Ultrafast Dynamics, Utrecht University, P.O. Box 80000, 3508 TA Utrecht (Netherlands)

2009-08-28T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "diego scripps hydrodynamic" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


201

Soft Photons from transport and hydrodynamics at FAIR energies  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Direct photon spectra from uranium-uranium collisions at FAIR energies (E(lab) = 35 AGeV) are calculated within the hadronic Ultra-relativistic Quantum Molecular Dynamics transport model. In this microscopic model, one can optionally include a macroscopic intermediate hydrodynamic phase. The hot and dense stage of the collision is then modeled by a hydrodynamical calculation. Photon emission from transport-hydro hybrid calculations is examined for purely hadronic matter and matter that has a cross-over phase transition and a critical end point to deconfined and chirally restored matter at high temperatures. We find the photon spectra in both scenarios to be dominated by Bremsstrahlung. Comparing flow of photons in both cases suggests a way to distinguish these two scenarios.

Andreas Grimm; Bjrn Buchle

2012-11-11T23:59:59.000Z

202

Skew and twist resistant hydrodynamic rotary shaft seal  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A hydrodynamically lubricated squeeze packing type rotary shaft seal suitable for lubricant retention and environmental exclusion which incorporates one or more resilient protuberances which cooperate with the gland walls to hold the seal straight in its installation groove in unpressurized and low pressure lubricant retention applications thereby preventing skew-induced wear caused by impingement of abrasive contaminants present in the environment, and which also serve as radial bearings to prevent tipping of the seal within its installation gland. 14 figs.

Dietle, L.; Kalsi, M.S.

1999-02-23T23:59:59.000Z

203

Skew and twist resistant hydrodynamic rotary shaft seal  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A hydrodynamically lubricated squeeze packing type rotary shaft seal suitable for lubricant retention and environmental exclusion which incorporates one or more resilient protuberances which and cooperate with the gland walls to hold the seal straight in its installation groove in unpressurized and low pressure lubricant retention applications thereby preventing skew-induced wear caused by impingement of abrasive contaminants present in the environment, and which also serve as radial bearings to prevent tipping of the seal within its installation gland.

Dietle, Lannie (Sugar Land, TX); Kalsi, Manmohan Singh (Houston, TX)

1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

204

Hydrodynamically Lubricated Rotary Shaft Having Twist Resistant Geometry  

SciTech Connect

A hydrodynamically lubricated squeeze packing type rotary shaft with a cross-sectional geometry suitable for pressurized lubricant retention is provided which, in the preferred embodiment, incorporates a protuberant static sealing interface that, compared to prior art, dramatically improves the exclusionary action of the dynamic sealing interface in low pressure and unpressurized applications by achieving symmetrical deformation of the seal at the static and dynamic sealing interfaces. In abrasive environments, the improved exclusionary action results in a dramatic reduction of seal and shaft wear, compared to prior art, and provides a significant increase in seal life. The invention also increases seal life by making higher levels of initial compression possible, compared to prior art, without compromising hydrodynamic lubrication; this added compression makes the seal more tolerant of compression set, abrasive wear, mechanical misalignment, dynamic runout, and manufacturing tolerances, and also makes hydrodynamic seals with smaller cross-sections more practical. In alternate embodiments, the benefits enumerated above are achieved by cooperative configurations of the seal and the gland which achieve symmetrical deformation of the seal at the static and dynamic sealing interfaces. The seal may also be configured such that predetermined radial compression deforms it to a desired operative configuration, even through symmetrical deformation is lacking.

Dietle, Lannie (Houston, TX); Gobeli, Jeffrey D. (Houston, TX)

1993-07-27T23:59:59.000Z

205

RAM: a Relativistic Adaptive Mesh Refinement Hydrodynamics Code  

SciTech Connect

The authors have developed a new computer code, RAM, to solve the conservative equations of special relativistic hydrodynamics (SRHD) using adaptive mesh refinement (AMR) on parallel computers. They have implemented a characteristic-wise, finite difference, weighted essentially non-oscillatory (WENO) scheme using the full characteristic decomposition of the SRHD equations to achieve fifth-order accuracy in space. For time integration they use the method of lines with a third-order total variation diminishing (TVD) Runge-Kutta scheme. They have also implemented fourth and fifth order Runge-Kutta time integration schemes for comparison. The implementation of AMR and parallelization is based on the FLASH code. RAM is modular and includes the capability to easily swap hydrodynamics solvers, reconstruction methods and physics modules. In addition to WENO they have implemented a finite volume module with the piecewise parabolic method (PPM) for reconstruction and the modified Marquina approximate Riemann solver to work with TVD Runge-Kutta time integration. They examine the difficulty of accurately simulating shear flows in numerical relativistic hydrodynamics codes. They show that under-resolved simulations of simple test problems with transverse velocity components produce incorrect results and demonstrate the ability of RAM to correctly solve these problems. RAM has been tested in one, two and three dimensions and in Cartesian, cylindrical and spherical coordinates. they have demonstrated fifth-order accuracy for WENO in one and two dimensions and performed detailed comparison with other schemes for which they show significantly lower convergence rates. Extensive testing is presented demonstrating the ability of RAM to address challenging open questions in relativistic astrophysics.

Zhang, Wei-Qun; /KIPAC, Menlo Park; MacFadyen, Andrew I.; /Princeton, Inst. Advanced Study

2005-06-06T23:59:59.000Z

206

Dancing Volvox: Hydrodynamic Bound States of Swimming Algae  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The spherical alga Volvox swims by means of flagella on thousands of surface somatic cells. This geometry and its large size make it a model organism for studying the fluid dynamics of multicellularity. Remarkably, when two nearby Volvox swim close to a solid surface, they attract one another and can form stable bound states in which they "waltz" or "minuet" around each other. A surface-mediated hydrodynamic attraction combined with lubrication forces between spinning, bottom-heavy Volvox explains the formation, stability and dynamics of the bound states. These phenomena are suggested to underlie observed clustering of Volvox at surfaces.

Knut Drescher; Kyriacos C. Leptos; Idan Tuval; Takuji Ishikawa; Timothy J. Pedley; Raymond E. Goldstein

2009-01-14T23:59:59.000Z

207

Skew And Twist Resistant Hydrodynamic Rotary Shaft Seal  

SciTech Connect

A hydrodynamically lubricated squeeze packing type rotary shaft seal suitable for lubricant retention and environmental exclusion which incorporates one or more resilient protuberances which and cooperate with the gland walls to hold the seal straight in its installation groove in unpressurized and low pressure lubricant retention applications thereby preventing skew-induced wear caused by impingement of abrasive contaminants present in the environment, and which also serve as radial bearings to prevent tipping of the seal within its installation gland. Compared to prior art, this invention provides a dramatic reduction of seal and shaft wear in abrasive environments and provides a significant increase in seal life.

Dietle, Lannie (Sugar Land, TX); Kalsi, Manmohan Singh (Houston, TX)

2000-03-14T23:59:59.000Z

208

Non-linear hydrodynamics of incommensurate intergrowth compounds and quasicrystals  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Hamiltonian structures for non-linear hydrodynamics of incommensurate intergrowth compounds (IIC) and quasicrystals (IQ) are constructed. We discuss also the way to account for internal friction of phason nature. We show that the existence of a self-force in IIC and IQ is not only matter of constitutive issues, rather it is related with questions of SO(3) invariance. The covariant mechanics of discontinuity surfaces in quasiperiodic structures is also analyzed. The attention is mainly focused on the interaction between `diffuse' grain boundaries and sharp discontinuity (moving possibly) surfaces.

Paolo Maria Mariano

2004-07-16T23:59:59.000Z

209

Electron magneto-hydrodynamic waves bounded by magnetic bubble  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The propagation of electron magneto-hydrodynamic (EMHD) waves is studied experimentally in a 3-dimensional region of low magnetic field surrounded by stronger magnetic field at its boundaries. We report observations where bounded left hand polarized Helicon like EMHD waves are excited, localized in the region of low magnetic field due to the boundary effects generated by growing strengths of the ambient magnetic field rather than a conducting or dielectric material boundary. An analytical model is developed to include the effects of radially nonuniform magnetic field in the wave propagation. The bounded solutions are compared with the experimentally obtained radial wave magnetic field profiles explaining the observed localized propagation of waves.

Anitha, V. P.; Sharma, D.; Banerjee, S. P.; Mattoo, S. K. [Institute for Plasma Research, Bhat, Gandhinagar 382428 (India)

2012-08-15T23:59:59.000Z

210

Role of Brownian Motion Hydrodynamics on Nanofluid Thermal Conductivity  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We use a simple kinetic theory based analysis of heat flow in fluid suspensions of solid nanoparticles (nanofluids) to demonstrate that the hydrodynamics effects associated with Brownian motion have a minor effect on the thermal conductivity of the nanofluid. Our conjecture is supported by the results of molecular dynamics simulations of heat flow in a model nanofluid with well-dispersed particles. Our findings are consistent with the predictions of the effective medium theory as well as with recent experimental results on well dispersed metal nanoparticle suspensions.

W Evans, J Fish, P Keblinski

2005-11-14T23:59:59.000Z

211

Wake II model for hydrodynamic forces on marine pipelines for the wave plus current case.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??The concept of the Wake II model for the determination of the hydrodynamic forces on marine pipelines is extended to include the wave plus current (more)

Ramirez Sabag, Said

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

212

Coupled 3D hydrodynamic models for submarine outfalls. Denvironmental hydraulic design and control of multiport diffusers.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??The book describes the hydraulic design and environmental impact prediction technologies for such installations. Focus are the hydrodynamics approached by computer models. First, a multiport (more)

Bleninger, Tobias

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

213

Dissipative hydrodynamic evolution of hot quark matter at finite baryon density  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

High-energy heavy ion collider experiments at RHIC and LHC have revealed that relativistic hydrodynamic models describe the hot and dense quark matter quantitatively. In this study, I develop a novel dissipative hydrodynamic model at finite baryon density to investigate the net baryon rapidity distribution. The results show that the distribution is widened in hydrodynamic evolution, which implies that the transparency of the collisions is effectively enhanced. This suggests that the kinetic energy loss for medium production at the initial stage could be larger. Furthermore, the net baryon distribution is found sensitive to baryon diffusion, implying that dissipative hydrodynamic modeling would be important for understanding the hot medium.

Monnai, Akihiko

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

214

Fluctuating hydrodynamics and correlation lengths in a driven granular fluid  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Static and dynamical structure factors for shear and longitudinal modes of the velocity and density fields are computed for a granular system fluidized by a stochastic bath with friction. Analytical expressions are obtained through fluctuating hydrodynamics and are successfully compared with numerical simulations up to a volume fraction $\\sim 50%$. Hydrodynamic noise is the sum of external noise due to the bath and internal one due to collisions. Only the latter is assumed to satisfy the fluctuation-dissipation relation with the average granular temperature. Static velocity structure factors $S_\\perp(k)$ and $S_\\parallel(k)$ display a general non-constant behavior with two plateaux at large and small $k$, representing the granular temperature $T_g$ and the bath temperature $T_b>T_g$ respectively. From this behavior, two different velocity correlation lengths are measured, both increasing as the packing fraction is raised. This growth of spatial order is in agreement with the behaviour of dynamical structure factors, the decay of which becomes slower and slower at increasing density.

Giacomo Gradenigo; Alessandro Sarracino; Dario Villamaina; Andrea Puglisi

2011-07-07T23:59:59.000Z

215

Hydrodynamic model for electron-hole plasma in graphene  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We propose a hydrodynamic model describing steady-state and dynamic electron and hole transport properties of graphene structures which accounts for the features of the electron and hole spectra. It is intended for electron-hole plasma in graphene characterized by high rate of intercarrier scattering compared to external scattering (on phonons and impurities), i.e., for intrinsic or optically pumped (bipolar plasma), and gated graphene (virtually monopolar plasma). We demonstrate that the effect of strong interaction of electrons and holes on their transport can be treated as a viscous friction between the electron and hole components. We apply the developed model for the calculations of the graphene dc conductivity, in particular, the effect of mutual drag of electrons and holes is described. The spectra and damping of collective excitations in graphene in the bipolar and monopolar limits are found. It is shown that at high gate voltages and, hence, at high electron and low hole densities (or vice-versa), the excitations are associated with the self-consistent electric field and the hydrodynamic pressure (plasma waves). In intrinsic and optically pumped graphene, the waves constitute quasineutral perturbations of the electron and hole densities (electron-hole sound waves) with the velocity being dependent only on the fundamental graphene constants.

D. Svintsov; V. Vyurkov; S. Yurchenko; T. Otsuji; V. Ryzhii

2012-01-03T23:59:59.000Z

216

Numerical simulation of the hydrodynamical combustion to strange quark matter  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We present results from a numerical solution to the burning of neutron matter inside a cold neutron star into stable u,d,s quark matter. Our method solves hydrodynamical flow equations in one dimension with neutrino emission from weak equilibrating reactions, and strange quark diffusion across the burning front. We also include entropy change from heat released in forming the stable quark phase. Our numerical results suggest burning front laminar speeds of 0.002-0.04 times the speed of light, much faster than previous estimates derived using only a reactive-diffusive description. Analytic solutions to hydrodynamical jump conditions with a temperature-dependent equation of state agree very well with our numerical findings for fluid velocities. The most important effect of neutrino cooling is that the conversion front stalls at lower density (below {approx_equal}2 times saturation density). In a two-dimensional setting, such rapid speeds and neutrino cooling may allow for a flame wrinkle instability to develop, possibly leading to detonation.

Niebergal, Brian; Ouyed, Rachid [Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of Calgary, 2500 University Drive NW, Calgary, Alberta, T2N 1N4 (Canada); Jaikumar, Prashanth [Department of Physics and Astronomy, California State University Long Beach, 1250 Bellflower Blvd., Long Beach, California 90840 (United States); Institute of Mathematical Sciences, C.I.T. Campus, Chennai, TN 600113 (India)

2010-12-15T23:59:59.000Z

217

Radiation Hydrodynamics Test Problems with Linear Velocity Profiles  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

As an extension of the works of Coggeshall and Ramsey, a class of analytic solutions to the radiation hydrodynamics equations is derived for code verification purposes. These solutions are valid under assumptions including diffusive radiation transport, a polytropic gas equation of state, constant conductivity, separable flow velocity proportional to the curvilinear radial coordinate, and divergence-free heat flux. In accordance with these assumptions, the derived solution class is mathematically invariant with respect to the presence of radiative heat conduction, and thus represents a solution to the compressible flow (Euler) equations with or without conduction terms included. With this solution class, a quantitative code verification study (using spatial convergence rates) is performed for the cell-centered, finite volume, Eulerian compressible flow code xRAGE developed at Los Alamos National Laboratory. Simulation results show near second order spatial convergence in all physical variables when using the hydrodynamics solver only, consistent with that solver's underlying order of accuracy. However, contrary to the mathematical properties of the solution class, when heat conduction algorithms are enabled the calculation does not converge to the analytic solution.

Hendon, Raymond C. [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Ramsey, Scott D. [Los Alamos National Laboratory

2012-08-22T23:59:59.000Z

218

The space-time CESE method for solving special relativistic hydrodynamic equations  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The special relativistic hydrodynamic equations are more complicated than the classical ones due to the nonlinear and implicit relations that exist between conservative and primitive variables. In this article, a space-time conservation element and solution ... Keywords: Conservation laws, Discontinuous solutions, Hyperbolic systems, Space-time CESE method, Special relativistic hydrodynamics

Shamsul Qamar; Muhammad Yousaf

2012-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

219

Using hydrodynamic modeling for estimating flooding and water depths in grand bay, alabama  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper presents a methodology for using hydrodynamic modeling to estimate inundation areas and water depths during a hurricane event. The Environmental Fluid Dynamic Code (EFDC) is used in this research. EFDC is one of the most commonly applied models ... Keywords: EFDC, flooding, grand bay, grid generation, hydrodynamics, inundation, modeling

Vladimir J. Alarcon; William H. McAnally

2012-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

220

A consistent approach for the coupling of radiation and hydrodynamics at low Mach number  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We present a consistent numerical model for coupling radiation to hydrodynamics at low Mach number. The hydrodynamical model is based on a low-Mach asymptotic in the compressible flow that removes acoustic wave propagation while retaining the compressibility ... Keywords: Diffusion flame, Low-Mach number flows, M1 model, Natural convection, Radiation hydrodymanics

Bruno Dubroca; Mohammed Sead; Ioan Teleaga

2007-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "diego scripps hydrodynamic" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


221

Lagrangian shock hydrodynamics on tetrahedral meshes: A stable and accurate variational multiscale approach  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In the past, a number of attempts have failed to robustly compute highly transient shock hydrodynamics flows on tetrahedral meshes. To a certain degree, this is not a surprise, as prior attempts emphasized enhancing the structure of shock-capturing operators ... Keywords: Lagrangian shock hydrodynamics, Nodal finite element method, Stabilized methods, Tetrahedral grids, Updated Lagrangian formulation, Variational multiscale analysis

G. Scovazzi

2012-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

222

A matrix free implicit scheme for solution of resistive magneto-hydrodynamics equations on unstructured grids  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The resistive magneto-hydrodynamics (MHD) governing equations represent eight conservation equations for the evolution of density, momentum, energy and induced magnetic fields in an electrically conducting fluid, typically a plasma. A matrix free implicit ... Keywords: Finite volume methods, Implicit schemes, Lower-Upper Symmetric Gauss Seidel, Magneto-hydrodynamics, Matrix-free, Unstructured grids

H. Sitaraman, L. L. Raja

2013-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

223

Stability analysis of a predictor/multi-corrector method for staggered-grid Lagrangian shock hydrodynamics  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This article presents the complete von Neumann stability analysis of a predictor/multi-corrector scheme derived from an implicit mid-point time integrator often used in shock hydrodynamics computations in combination with staggered spatial discretizations. ... Keywords: Lagrangian shock hydrodynamics, Mid-point time integrator, Predictor/multi-corrector algorithm, Staggered formulation, von Neumann stability analysis

E. Love; W. J. Rider; G. Scovazzi

2009-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

224

Smoothed particle hydrodynamics non-Newtonian model for ice-sheet and ice-shelf dynamics  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We propose a new three-dimensional smoothed particle hydrodynamics (SPH) non-Newtonian model to study coupled ice-sheet and ice-shelf dynamics. Most existing ice-sheet numerical models use grid-based Eulerian discretizations, and are usually restricted ... Keywords: Grounding line, Ice sheet, Non-Newtonian fluid, Smoothed particle hydrodynamics

W. Pan, A. M. Tartakovsky, J. J. Monaghan

2013-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

225

Modeling and discretization errors in large eddy simulations of hydrodynamic and magnetohydrodynamic channel flows  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We assess the performances of three different subgrid scale models in large eddy simulations (LES) of turbulent channel flows. Two regimes are considered: hydrodynamic and magnetohydrodynamic (i.e. in the presence of a uniform wall-normal magnetic field). ... Keywords: Channel flow, Finite-volume method, Hydrodynamic, Kinetic energy budget, Large eddy simulation, Magnetohydrodynamic, Spectral method

A. Vir; D. Krasnov; T. Boeck; B. Knaepen

2011-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

226

Towards accelerating smoothed particle hydrodynamics simulations for free-surface flows on multi-GPU clusters  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Starting from the single graphics processing unit (GPU) version of the Smoothed Particle Hydrodynamics (SPH) code DualSPHysics, a multi-GPU SPH program is developed for free-surface flows. The approach is based on a spatial decomposition technique, whereby ... Keywords: CUDA, Computational fluid dynamics, GPU, Graphics processing unit, Molecular dynamics, Multi-GPU, SPH, Smoothed particle hydrodynamics

Daniel Valdez-Balderas, Jos M. Domnguez, Benedict D. Rogers, Alejandro J. C. Crespo

2013-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

227

Finite volume local evolution Galerkin method for two-dimensional relativistic hydrodynamics  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The paper proposes a second-order accurate finite volume local evolution Galerkin (FVLEG) method for two-dimensional special relativistic hydrodynamical (RHD) equations. Instead of using the dimensional splitting method or solving one-dimensional local ... Keywords: Evolution operator, Finite volume local evolution Galerkin method, Genuinely multi-dimensional method, Relativistic hydrodynamics

Kailiang Wu, Huazhong Tang

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

228

Low Mach Number Fluctuating Hydrodynamics of Diffusively Mixing Fluids  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We formulate low Mach number fluctuating hydrodynamic equations appropriate for modeling diffusive mixing in isothermal mixtures of fluids with different density and transport coefficients. These equations eliminate the fast isentropic fluctuations in pressure associated with the propagation of sound waves by replacing the equation of state with a local thermodynamic constraint. We demonstrate that the low Mach number model preserves the spatio-temporal spectrum of the slower diffusive fluctuations. We develop a strictly conservative finite-volume spatial discretization of the low Mach number fluctuating equations in both two and three dimensions. We construct several explicit Runge-Kutta temporal integrators that strictly maintain the equation of state constraint. The resulting spatio-temporal discretization is second-order accurate deterministically and maintains fluctuation-dissipation balance in the linearized stochastic equations. We apply our algorithms to model the development of giant concentration fl...

Donev, A; Sun, Y; Fai, T; Garcia, A L; Bell, J B

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

229

Hydro-dynamical models for the chaotic dripping faucet  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We give a hydrodynamical explanation for the chaotic behaviour of a dripping faucet using the results of the stability analysis of a static pendant drop and a proper orthogonal decomposition (POD) of the complete dynamics. We find that the only relevant modes are the two classical normal forms associated with a Saddle-Node-Andronov bifurcation and a Shilnikov homoclinic bifurcation. This allows us to construct a hierarchy of reduced order models including maps and ordinary differential equations which are able to qualitatively explain prior experiments and numerical simulations of the governing partial differential equations and provide an explanation for the complexity in dripping. We also provide a new mechanical analogue for the dripping faucet and a simple rationale for the transition from dripping to jetting modes in the flow from a faucet.

P. Coullet; L. Mahadevan; C. S. Riera

2004-08-20T23:59:59.000Z

230

Symposium on hydrodynamic diffusion of suspended particles. Final report  

SciTech Connect

The symposium brought together researchers from academic, government, and private laboratories interested in the interactions of particles in fluids and in granular media. There were 68 participants, including 24 students, currently residing In 12 countries. The participants represented a wide variety of fields, including applied mathematics, chemical engineering, computer science, fluid dynamics, materials science, mechanical engineering, physics, and theoretical and applied mechanics. There were 33 talks and 16 posters presented. The focus of the symposium was on multiparticle hydrodynamic interactions which lead to fluctuating motion of the particles and resulting particle migration and dispersion or diffusion. Implications of these phenomena were described for sedimentation, fluidization, suspension flows, granular flows, and fiber suspensions. Computer simulation techniques as well as experimental techniques were described.

1996-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

231

Physical viscosity in smoothed particle hydrodynamics simulations of galaxy clusters  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Most hydrodynamical simulations of galaxy cluster formation carried out to date have tried to model the cosmic gas as an ideal, inviscid fluid, where only a small amount of (unwanted) numerical viscosity is present, arising from practical limitations of the numerical method employed, and with a strength that depends on numerical resolution. However, the physical viscosity of the gas in hot galaxy clusters may in fact not be negligible, suggesting that a self-consistent treatment that accounts for the internal gas friction would be more appropriate. To allow such simulations using the smoothed particle hydrodynamics (SPH) method, we derive a novel SPH formulation of the Navier-Stokes and general heat transfer equations and implement them in the GADGET-2 code. We include both shear and bulk viscosity stress tensors, as well as saturation criteria that limit viscous stress transport where appropriate. Adopting Braginskii's parameterization for the shear viscosity of hot gaseous plasmas, we then study the influence of viscosity on the interplay between AGN-inflated bubbles and the surrounding intracluster medium (ICM). We find that certain bubble properties like morphology, maximum clustercentric radius reached, or survival time depend quite sensitively on the assumed level of viscosity. Interestingly, the sound waves launched into the ICM by the bubble injection are damped by physical viscosity, establishing a non-local heating process. Finally, we carry out cosmological simulations of galaxy cluster formation with a viscous intracluster medium. Viscosity modifies the dynamics of mergers and the motion of substructures through the cluster atmosphere. Substructures are generally more efficiently stripped of their gas, leading to prominent long gaseous tails behind infalling massive halos. (Abridged)

Debora Sijacki; Volker Springel

2006-05-11T23:59:59.000Z

232

Implementation plan for operating alternatives for the Naval Computer and Telecommunications Station cogeneration facility at Naval Air Station North Island, San Diego, California  

SciTech Connect

The goal of the US Department of Energy (DOE) Federal Energy Management Program (FEMP) is to facilitate energy efficiency improvements at federal facilities. This is accomplished by a balanced program of technology development, facility assessment, and use of cost-sharing procurement mechanisms. Technology development focuses upon the tools, software, and procedures used to identify and evaluate energy efficiency technologies and improvements. For facility assessment, FEMP provides metering equipment and trained analysts to federal agencies exhibiting a commitment to improve energy use efficiency. To assist in procurement of energy efficiency measures, FEMP helps federal agencies devise and implement performance contracting and utility demand-side management strategies. Pacific Northwest Laboratory (PNL) supports the FEMP mission of energy systems modernization. Under this charter, the Laboratory and its contractors work with federal facility energy managers to assess and implement energy efficiency improvements at federal facilities nationwide. The SouthWestern Division of the Naval Facilities Engineering Command, in cooperation with FEMP, has tasked PNL with developing a plan for implementing recommended modifications to the Naval Computer and Telecommunications Station (NCTS) cogeneration plant at the Naval Air Station North Island (NASNI) in San Diego. That plan is detailed in this report.

Carroll, D.M.; Parker, S.A.; Stucky, D.J.

1994-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

233

Equilibrium and hydrodynamic studies of water extraction from fermentation broth  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Previous studies using tertiary amines to extract water from reagent-grade carboxylate salts (calcium acetate, propionate, and butyrate) have shown selectivity for water and not for the carboxylate salts. These results allow the design of an extraction system to concentrate fermentation broth from a mixed culture of acid-forming microorganisms. To design the extraction system, equilibrium data from amine and actual fermentation broth systems were obtained. These data are similar to the data found previously for reagent-grade pure components. The data were manipulated to obtain graphs for the Ponchon-Savarit procedure used to design multi-stage extractors. Different cases were studied in which the feed was varied. A 3.8 wt% solution could be concentrated to 17.5 wt% using five countercurrent stripping stages; however, the recovery of carboxylate salts was poor (68 wt%) with this design. To overcome this, a reflux stream and an enriching section were employed. The Janecke procedure was followed to determine the member of equilibrium stages for the skipping and the enriching sections and their operating conditions. For this case, eight stages (two enriching and six stripping) were required to concentrate the carboxylate salts from an initial concentration of 3.8 up to 20 wt%. The salt recovery was 91%, the amine:water ratio was 2.5:1 and the reflux:feed ratio was 2.4:1. This design gives good results and will be implemented in a pilot plant. To study the separation of the organic and aqueous phases, a bench-scale mixer/settler extraction tank was designed and constructed. This apparatus had three sections: a mixing section to blend the two phases, a coalescence section in which the amine and water phases coalesce, and a decanting section in which the liquids completely separate. Several experiments were made to determine the hydrodynamic properties of the mixer/settler. The experiments showed that the apparatus is suitable to perform liquid-liquid extraction. Independent experiments were made using a coalesced apparatus to better analyze what occurs in the coalescing section. A model to describe the hydrodynamic of the liquid mixture in the coalesced apparatus was applied to the system giving good agreement with the experimental data.

Adorno-Gomez, Wilberto

1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

234

Low Mach Number Fluctuating Hydrodynamics of Diffusively Mixing Fluids  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We formulate low Mach number fluctuating hydrodynamic equations appropriate for modeling diffusive mixing in isothermal mixtures of fluids with different density and transport coefficients. These equations eliminate the fast isentropic fluctuations in pressure associated with the propagation of sound waves by replacing the equation of state with a local thermodynamic constraint. We demonstrate that the low Mach number model preserves the spatio-temporal spectrum of the slower diffusive fluctuations. We develop a strictly conservative finite-volume spatial discretization of the low Mach number fluctuating equations in both two and three dimensions. We construct several explicit Runge-Kutta temporal integrators that strictly maintain the equation of state constraint. The resulting spatio-temporal discretization is second-order accurate deterministically and maintains fluctuation-dissipation balance in the linearized stochastic equations. We apply our algorithms to model the development of giant concentration fluctuations in the presence of concentration gradients, and investigate the validity of common simplifications neglecting the spatial non-homogeneity of density and transport properties. We perform simulations of diffusive mixing of two fluids of different densities in two dimensions and compare the results of low Mach number continuum simulations to hard-disk molecular dynamics simulations. Excellent agreement is observed between the particle and continuum simulations of giant fluctuations during time-dependent diffusive mixing.

A. Donev; A. J. Nonaka; Y. Sun; T. G. Fai; A. L. Garcia; J. B. Bell

2012-12-11T23:59:59.000Z

235

IUTAM symposium on hydrodynamic diffusion of suspended particles  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Hydrodynamic diffusion refers to the fluctuating motion of nonBrownian particles (or droplets or bubbles) which occurs in a dispersion due to multiparticle interactions. For example, in a concentrated sheared suspension, particles do not move along streamlines but instead exhibit fluctuating motions as they tumble around each other. This leads to a net migration of particles down gradients in particle concentration and in shear rate, due to the higher frequency of encounters of a test particle with other particles on the side of the test particle which has higher concentration or shear rate. As another example, suspended particles subject to sedimentation, centrifugation, or fluidization, do not generally move relative to the fluid with a constant velocity, but instead experience diffusion-like fluctuations in velocity due to interactions with neighboring particles and the resulting variation in the microstructure or configuration of the suspended particles. In flowing granular materials, the particles interact through direct collisions or contacts (rather than through the surrounding fluid); these collisions also cause the particles to undergo fluctuating motions characteristic of diffusion processes. Selected papers are indexed separately for inclusion in the Energy Science and Technology Database.

Davis, R.H. [ed.

1995-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

236

Hydrodynamical simulations of cluster formation with central AGN heating  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We analyse a hydrodynamical simulation model for the recurrent heating of the central intracluster medium (ICM) by active galactic nuclei (AGN). Besides the self-gravity of the dark matter and gas components, our approach includes the radiative cooling and photoheating of the gas, as well as a subresolution multiphase model for star formation and supernova feedback. Additionally, we incorporate a periodic heating mechanism in the form of hot, buoyant bubbles, injected into the intragalactic medium (IGM) during the active phases of the accreting central AGN. We use simulations of isolated cluster halos of different masses to study the bubble dynamics and the heat transport into the IGM. We also apply our model to self-consistent cosmological simulations of the formation of galaxy clusters with a range of masses. Our numerical schemes explore a variety of different assumptions for the spatial configuration of AGN-driven bubbles, for their duty cycles and for the energy injection mechanism, in order to obtain better constraints on the underlying physical picture. We argue that AGN heating can substantially affect the properties of both the stellar and gaseous components of clusters of galaxies. Most importantly, it alters the properties of the central dominant (cD) galaxy by reducing the mass deposition rate of freshly cooled gas out of the ICM, thereby offering an energetically plausible solution to the cooling flow problem. At the same time, this leads to reduced or eliminated star formation in the central cD galaxy, giving it red stellar colours as observed.

Debora Sijacki; Volker Springel

2005-09-16T23:59:59.000Z

237

Thermal and hydrodynamic effects in the ordering of lamellar fluids  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Phase separation in a complex fluid with lamellar order has been studied in the case of cold thermal fronts propagating diffusively from external walls. The velocity hydrodynamic modes are taken into account by coupling the convection-diffusion equation for the order parameter to a generalised Navier-Stokes equation. The dynamical equations are simulated by implementing a hybrid method based on a lattice Boltzmann algorithm coupled to finite difference schemes. Simulations show that the ordering process occurs with morphologies depending on the speed of the thermal fronts or, equivalently, on the value of the thermal conductivity {\\xi}. At large value of {\\xi}, as in instantaneous quenching, the system is frozen in entangled configurations at high viscosity while consists of grains with well ordered lamellae at low viscosity. By decreasing the value of {\\xi}, a regime with very ordered lamellae parallel to the thermal fronts is found. At very low values of {\\xi} the preferred orientation is perpendicular to the walls in d = 2, while perpendicular order is lost moving far from the walls in d = 3.

G. Gonnella; A. Lamura; A. Tiribocchi

2011-02-15T23:59:59.000Z

238

CASTRO: A NEW COMPRESSIBLE ASTROPHYSICAL SOLVER. III. MULTIGROUP RADIATION HYDRODYNAMICS  

SciTech Connect

We present a formulation for multigroup radiation hydrodynamics that is correct to order O(v/c) using the comoving-frame approach and the flux-limited diffusion approximation. We describe a numerical algorithm for solving the system, implemented in the compressible astrophysics code, CASTRO. CASTRO uses a Eulerian grid with block-structured adaptive mesh refinement based on a nested hierarchy of logically rectangular variable-sized grids with simultaneous refinement in both space and time. In our multigroup radiation solver, the system is split into three parts: one part that couples the radiation and fluid in a hyperbolic subsystem, another part that advects the radiation in frequency space, and a parabolic part that evolves radiation diffusion and source-sink terms. The hyperbolic subsystem and the frequency space advection are solved explicitly with high-order Godunov schemes, whereas the parabolic part is solved implicitly with a first-order backward Euler method. Our multigroup radiation solver works for both neutrino and photon radiation.

Zhang, W.; Almgren, A.; Bell, J. [Center for Computational Sciences and Engineering, Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, Berkeley, CA 94720 (United States); Howell, L. [Center for Applied Scientific Computing, Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory, Livermore, CA 94550 (United States); Burrows, A.; Dolence, J. [Department of Astrophysical Sciences, Princeton University, Princeton, NJ 08544 (United States)

2013-01-15T23:59:59.000Z

239

Experimental characterization of slurry bubble-column reactor hydrodynamics  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Sandia`s program to develop, implement, and apply diagnostics for hydrodynamic characterization of slurry bubble column reactors (SBCRs) at industrially relevant conditions is discussed. Gas liquid flow experiments are performed on an industrial scale. Gamma densitometry tomography (GDT) is applied to measure radial variations in gas holdup at one axial location. Differential pressure (DP) measurements are used to calculate volume averaged gas holdups along the axis of the vessel. The holdups obtained from DP show negligible axial variation for water but significant variations for oil, suggesting that the air water flow is fully developed (minimal flow variations in the axial direction) but that the air oil flow is still developing at the GDT measurement location. The GDT and DP gas holdup results are in good agreement for the air water flow but not for the air oil flow. Strong flow variations in the axial direction may be impacting the accuracy of one or both of these techniques. DP measurements are also acquired at high sampling frequencies (250 Hz) and are interpreted using statistical analyses to determine the physical mechanism producing each frequency component in the flow. This approach did not yield the information needed to determine the flow regime in these experiments. As a first step toward three phase material distribution measurements, electrical impedance tomography (EIT) and GDT are applied to a liquid solid flow to measure solids holdup. Good agreement is observed between both techniques and known values.

Shollenberger, K.A.; Torczynski, J.R.; Jackson, N.B.; O`Hern, T.J.

1997-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

240

CFD study of hydrodynamic signal perception by fish using the lateral line system  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The lateral line system on fish has been found to aid in schooling behavior, courtship communication, active and passive hydrodynamic imaging, and prey detection. The most widely used artificial prey stimulus has been the ...

Rapo, Mark Andrew

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "diego scripps hydrodynamic" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


241

CO2-Water-Rock Interactions and the Integrity of Hydrodynamic...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

InteraCtIOns and the IntegrIty Of hydrOdynamIC seals Background Developing confidence in methods of sequestering carbon dioxide (CO 2 ) in geological formations requires an...

242

Physico-chemical hydrodynamics of droplets on textured surfaces with engineered micro/nanostructures  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Understanding physico-chemical hydrodynamics of droplets on textured surfaces is of fundamental and practical significance for designing a diverse range of engineered surfaces such as low-reflective, self-cleaning or ...

Park, Kyoo Chul

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

243

Theoretical Formulation of Collision Rate and Collision Efficiency of Hydrodynamically Interacting Cloud Droplets in Turbulent Atmosphere  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A methodology for conducting direct numerical simulations (DNSs) of hydrodynamically interacting droplets in the context of cloud microphysics has been developed and used to validate a new kinematic formulation capable of describing the collision ...

Lian-Ping Wang; Orlando Ayala; Scott E. Kasprzak; Wojciech W. Grabowski

2005-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

244

A Coupled HydrodynamicBottom Boundary Layer Model of Ekman Flow on Stratified Continental Shelves  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper describes a hydrodynamic model with turbulent energy closure that uses a simplified wave-current interaction model of the bottom boundary layer to compute bed drag coefficients. The coupled model is used to investigate the interaction ...

Timothy R. Keen; Scott M. Glenn

1994-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

245

Challenges in Simulation of Aerodynamics, Hydrodynamics, and Mooring-Line Dynamics of Floating Offshore Wind Turbines  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper presents the current major modeling challenges for floating offshore wind turbine design tools and describes aerodynamic and hydrodynamic effects due to rotor and platform motions and usage of non-slender support structures.

Matha, D.; Schlipf, M.; Cordle, A.; Pereira, R.; Jonkman, J.

2011-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

246

Runge-Kutta discontinuous Galerkin methods with WENO limiter for the special relativistic hydrodynamics  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper develops the P^K-based Runge-Kutta discontinuous Galerkin (RKDG) methods with WENO limiter for the one- and two-dimensional special relativistic hydrodynamics, K=1,2,3, which is an extension of the work [J.X. Qiu, C.-W. Shu, Runge-Kutta discontinuous ... Keywords: Discontinuous Galerkin method, Relativistic hydrodynamics, Runge-Kutta time discretization, WENO limiter

Jian Zhao, Huazhong Tang

2013-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

247

Experimental techniques for hydrodynamic characterization of multiphase flows in slurry-phase bubble-column reactors  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Slurry-phase bubble-column Fischer-Tropsch (FT) reactors are recognized as one of the more promising technologies for converting synthesis gas from coal into liquid fuel products (indirect liquefaction). However, hydrodynamic effects must be considered when attempting to scale these reactors to sizes of industrial interest. The objective of this program is to facilitate characterization of reactor hydrodynamics by developing and applying noninvasive tomographic diagnostics capable of measuring gas holdup spatial distribution in these reactors.

Torczynski, J.R.; O`Hern, T.J.; Adkins, D.R.; Shollenberger, K.A.; Mondy, L.A.; Jackson, N.B.

1994-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

248

Heat transfer and hydrodynamics analysis of a novel dimpled tube  

SciTech Connect

In the present investigation, heat transfer and hydrodynamics analysis of a new enhanced heat transfer tube with ellipsoidal dimples was carried out. The dimples are disposed to form a certain specified angle between the major axis of the ellipsoid and flow direction, and the direction of the major axis of each adjacent ellipsoidal dimple in the same cross-section is alternated. Experimental tests were carried out with heating water on the shell side with a constant flow rate, and cold air in the tube side with flow rates range from 1 to 55 m{sup 3}/h. The temperatures and pressures for the inlet and outlet of both sides were measured. The heat transfer and pressure drop of the new dimpled tube were investigated and compared with the results of a dimpled tube with spherical dimples and a conventional smooth tube. The computed results indicated that the Nusselt number for ellipsoidal dimpled tube and spherical dimpled tube are 38.6-175.1% and 34.1-158% higher than that for the smooth tube respectively. The friction factors of dimpled tube increase by 26.9-75% and 32.9-92% for ellipsoidal and spherical dimples compared with the smooth tube respectively. It was perceived that ellipsoidal dimple roughness accelerates transition to critical Reynolds numbers down to less than 1000. By integrated performance evaluation of (Nu{sub a}/Nu{sub s})/(f{sub a}/f{sub s}), a maximum of about 87% heat transfer enhancement with the same friction penalty could be achieved by optimize the dimpled tube design. (author)

Wang, Yu.; He, Ya-Ling; Lei, Yong-Gang; Zhang, Jie [State Key Laboratory of Multiphase Flow in Power Engineering, School of Energy and Power Engineering, Xi'an Jiaotong University, Xi'an, Shaanxi 710049 (China)

2010-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

249

Fully integrated transport approach to heavy ion reactions with an intermediate hydrodynamic stage  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We present a coupled Boltzmann and hydrodynamics approach to relativistic heavy ion reactions. This hybrid approach is based on the Ultra-relativistic Quantum Molecular Dynamics (UrQMD) transport approach with an intermediate hydrodynamical evolution for the hot and dense stage of the collision. Event-by-event fluctuations are directly taken into account via the non-equilibrium initial conditions generated by the initial collisions and string fragmentations in the microscopic UrQMD model. After a (3+1)-dimensional ideal hydrodynamic evolution, the hydrodynamical fields are mapped to hadrons via the Cooper-Frye equation and the subsequent hadronic cascade calculation within UrQMD proceeds to incorporate the important final state effects for a realistic freeze-out. This implementation allows to compare pure microscopic transport calculations with hydrodynamic calculations using exactly the same initial conditions and freeze-out procedure. The effects of the change in the underlying dynamics - ideal fluid dynamics vs. non-equilibrium transport theory - will be explored. The freeze-out and initial state parameter dependences are investigated for different observables. Furthermore, the time evolution of the baryon density and particle yields are discussed. We find that the final pion and proton multiplicities are lower in the hybrid model calculation due to the isentropic hydrodynamic expansion while the yields for strange particles are enhanced due to the local equilibrium in the hydrodynamic evolution. The results of the different calculations for the mean transverse mass excitation function, rapidity and transverse mass spectra for different particle species at three different beam energies are discussed in the context of the available data.

Hannah Petersen; Jan Steinheimer; Gerhard Burau; Marcus Bleicher; Horst Stcker

2008-06-10T23:59:59.000Z

250

Hydrodynamic sweepout thresholds in BWR Mark III reactor cavity interactions  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Simulant-material experiments and related analysis are described which investigated hydrodynamics aspects of ex-vessel interactions following postulated core meltdown with subsequent meltthrough of the vessel lower head and ejection of molten corium from the vessel into the containment region beneath the vessel. Objectives were to examine the possible sweepout of water and corium from the cavity by the steam/H/sub 2/ flow. The dispersal pathways in this containment design include a single manway and four CRD penetrations in the cylindrical pedestal wall connecting to the drywell with a combined cross-sectional area of approx. 10 m/sup 2/. These openings range from 3.4 to 6.3 m in elevation off the concrete floor of the cavity. The experiments were performed using a 1:34 scale mock-up of the RPV/pedestal region. The first tests were quasi-steady tests. Tests were also performed using molten Wood's metal (WM). Some tests were performed with water on the cavity floor, and one test was performed using steel shot. The test results indicated that threshold gas flowrates existed beyond which dispersal of water and/or corium from the cavity can be expected. The predominant dispersal flow regime observed in the experiments involved fluidization of the water or molten WM by the gas flowrate through the system and sweepout of the fluidized liquid droplets as the gas exited the cavity through the openings in the wall. The superficial gas velocity at the onset of water sweepout ranged from 0.87 to 1.04 m/s in the tests which agrees very closely to the calculated fluidization threshold of 0.96 m/s. Application of the fluidization model for prediction of sweepout for the full-size system suggests that sweepout of water and corium can occur if the breach size in the RPV lower head exceeds approx. 10 and 17 cm dia, respectively, for steam blowdown at a vessel initial pressure of 1000 psi.

Spencer, B.W.; Baronowsky, S.P.; Kilsdonk, D.J.

1984-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

251

(SAN DIEGO ASSOCIATION OF GOVERNMENTS)  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

, or Light Emitting Diode. The lamps were also classified by location in the house, wattage, hardwired vs

252

Better Buildings Partners: San Diego  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

GreenBuild Conference in San Francisco to the Sacramento Municipal Utility District's homeowner workshop, the roadshow staff engaged thousands of Californians in a quest to make...

253

Development of Fully Coupled Aeroelastic and Hydrodynamic Models for Offshore Wind Turbines: Preprint  

SciTech Connect

Aeroelastic simulation tools are routinely used to design and analyze onshore wind turbines, in order to obtain cost effective machines that achieve favorable performance while maintaining structural integrity. These tools employ sophisticated models of wind-inflow; aerodynamic, gravitational, and inertial loading of the rotor, nacelle, and tower; elastic effects within and between components; and mechanical actuation and electrical responses of the generator and of control and protection systems. For offshore wind turbines, additional models of the hydrodynamic loading in regular and irregular seas, the dynamic coupling between the support platform motions and wind turbine motions, and the dynamic characterization of mooring systems for compliant floating platforms are also important. Hydrodynamic loading includes contributions from hydrostatics, wave radiation, and wave scattering, including free surface memory effects. The integration of all of these models into comprehensive simulation tools, capable of modeling the fully coupled aeroelastic and hydrodynamic responses of floating offshore wind turbines, is presented.

Jonkman, J. M.; Sclavounos, P. D.

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

254

Efficient calculation of dewatered and entrapped areas using hydrodynamic modeling and GIS  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

River waters downstream of a hydroelectric project are often subject to rapidly changing discharge. Abrupt decreases in discharge can quickly dewater and expose some areas and isolate other areas from the main river channel, potentially stranding or ... Keywords: Columbia River, Dewatering, Entrapment, Fish, GIS, Hydrodynamic model, Power peaking

Marshall C. Richmond; William A. Perkins

2009-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

255

A second order self-consistent IMEX method for radiation hydrodynamics  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We present a second order self-consistent implicit/explicit (methods that use the combination of implicit and explicit discretizations are often referred to as IMEX (implicit/explicit) methods [2,1,3]) time integration technique for solving radiation ... Keywords: Radiation hydrodynamics, Self-consistent IMEX method

Samet Y. Kadioglu; Dana A. Knoll; Robert B. Lowrie; Rick M. Rauenzahn

2010-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

256

Elliptic flow from event-by-event hydrodynamics with fluctuating initial state  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We develop an event-by-event ideal hydrodynamical framework where initial state density fluctuations are present and where we use a similar flow-analysis method as in the experiments to make a one-to-one $v_2$ comparison with the measured data. Our studies also show that the participant plane is quite a good approximation for the event plane.

Holopainen, Hannu; Eskola, Kari J

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

257

Recent Hydrodynamics Improvements to the RELAP5-3D Code  

SciTech Connect

The hydrodynamics section of the RELAP5-3D computer program has been recently improved. Changes were made as follows: (1) improved turbine model, (2) spray model for the pressurizer model, (3) feedwater heater model, (4) radiological transport model, (5) improved pump model, and (6) compressor model.

Richard A. Riemke; Cliff B. Davis; Richard.R. Schultz

2009-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

258

Hydrodynamic simulation of air bubble implosion using a level set approach  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The hydrodynamics of the implosion and rebound of a small (10 m diameter) air bubble in water was studied using a three-dimensional direct numerical simulation (DNS). To study this problem, we developed a novel stabilized finite element method ... Keywords: bubble implosion, finite element, level set, two phase-flow

Sunitha Nagrath; Kenneth Jansen; Richard T. Lahey, Jr.; Iskander Akhatov

2006-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

259

Effect of Second-Order Hydrodynamics on Floating Offshore Wind Turbines: Preprint  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Offshore winds are generally stronger and more consistent than winds on land, making the offshore environment attractive for wind energy development. A large part of the offshore wind resource is however located in deep water, where floating turbines are the only economical way of harvesting the energy. The design of offshore floating wind turbines relies on the use of modeling tools that can simulate the entire coupled system behavior. At present, most of these tools include only first-order hydrodynamic theory. However, observations of supposed second-order hydrodynamic responses in wave-tank tests performed by the DeepCwind consortium suggest that second-order effects might be critical. In this paper, the methodology used by the oil and gas industry has been modified to apply to the analysis of floating wind turbines, and is used to assess the effect of second-order hydrodynamics on floating offshore wind turbines. The method relies on combined use of the frequency-domain tool WAMIT and the time-domain tool FAST. The proposed assessment method has been applied to two different floating wind concepts, a spar and a tension-leg-platform (TLP), both supporting the NREL 5-MW baseline wind turbine. Results showing the hydrodynamic forces and motion response for these systems are presented and analysed, and compared to aerodynamic effects.

Roald, L.; Jonkman, J.; Robertson, A,; Chokani, N.

2013-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

260

Investigation of the hydrodynamic properties of a new MRI-resistant programmable hydrocephalus shunt  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

://www.cerebrospinalfluidresearch.com/content/5/1/8 The hydrodynamic resistance increases with the pressure performance level. The resistance at 8.21 14.2 mmHg/ ml/min matches and exceeds the normal CSF outflow resistance when the shunt is set at the highest pressure lev- els (150 to 200 mmH2O...

Allin, David M; Czosnyka, Marek; Richards, Hugh K; Pickard, John D; Czosnyka, Zofia

2008-04-21T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "diego scripps hydrodynamic" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


261

High velocity impact of metal sphere on thin metallic plates: a comparative smooth particle hydrodynamics study  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Four different shock-capturing schemes used in smooth particle hydrodynamics are compared as applied to moderately high-velocity impacts (at 3 km/s) and hypervelocity impacts (at ?6 km/s) of metallic projectiles on thin metal plates. The target ... Keywords: Riemann problem, artificial viscosity, hydrocode, hypervelocity impact

Vishal Mehra; Shashank Chaturvedi

2006-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

262

CRASH: A BLOCK-ADAPTIVE-MESH CODE FOR RADIATIVE SHOCK HYDRODYNAMICS-IMPLEMENTATION AND VERIFICATION  

SciTech Connect

We describe the Center for Radiative Shock Hydrodynamics (CRASH) code, a block-adaptive-mesh code for multi-material radiation hydrodynamics. The implementation solves the radiation diffusion model with a gray or multi-group method and uses a flux-limited diffusion approximation to recover the free-streaming limit. Electrons and ions are allowed to have different temperatures and we include flux-limited electron heat conduction. The radiation hydrodynamic equations are solved in the Eulerian frame by means of a conservative finite-volume discretization in either one-, two-, or three-dimensional slab geometry or in two-dimensional cylindrical symmetry. An operator-split method is used to solve these equations in three substeps: (1) an explicit step of a shock-capturing hydrodynamic solver; (2) a linear advection of the radiation in frequency-logarithm space; and (3) an implicit solution of the stiff radiation diffusion, heat conduction, and energy exchange. We present a suite of verification test problems to demonstrate the accuracy and performance of the algorithms. The applications are for astrophysics and laboratory astrophysics. The CRASH code is an extension of the Block-Adaptive Tree Solarwind Roe Upwind Scheme (BATS-R-US) code with a new radiation transfer and heat conduction library and equation-of-state and multi-group opacity solvers. Both CRASH and BATS-R-US are part of the publicly available Space Weather Modeling Framework.

Van der Holst, B.; Toth, G.; Sokolov, I. V.; Myra, E. S.; Fryxell, B.; Drake, R. P. [Department of Atmospheric, Oceanic and Space Sciences, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI 48109 (United States); Powell, K. G. [Department of Aerospace Engineering, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI 48109 (United States); Holloway, J. P. [Nuclear Engineering and Radiological Sciences, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI 48109 (United States); Stout, Q. [Computer Science and Engineering, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI 48109 (United States); Adams, M. L.; Morel, J. E. [Department of Nuclear Engineering, Texas A and M University, College Station, TX 77843 (United States); Karni, S. [Department of Mathematics, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI 48109 (United States)

2011-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

263

Hydrodynamic models for slurry bubble column reactors. Fifth technical progress report  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The objective of this work is to convert our `learning gas-solid-liquid` fluidization model into a predictive design model. The IIT hydrodynamic model computes the phase velocities and the volume fractions of gas, liquid, and particulate phases. Model verification involves a comparison of these computed velocities and volume fractions to experimental values.

Gidaspow, D.

1995-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

264

Initial condition for hydrodynamics, partonic free streaming, and the uniform description of soft observables at RHIC  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We investigate the role of the initial condition used for the hydrodynamic evolution of the system formed in ultra-relativistic heavy-ion collisions and find that an appropriate choice motivated by the models of early-stage dynamics, specifically a simple two-dimensional Gaussian profile, leads to a uniform description of soft observables measured in the Relativistic Heavy-Ion Collider (RHIC). In particular, the transverse-momentum spectra, the elliptic-flow, and the Hanbury-Brown--Twiss correlation radii, including the ratio R_out/R_side as well as the dependence of the radii on the azimuthal angle (azHBT), are properly described. We use the perfect-fluid hydrodynamics with a realistic equation of state based on lattice calculations and the hadronic gas at high and low temperatures, respectively. We also show that the inclusion of the partonic free-streaming in the early stage allows to delay the start of the hydrodynamical description to comfortable times of the order of 1 fm/c. Free streaming broadens the initial energy-density profile, but generates the initial transverse and elliptic flow. The data may be described equally well when the hydrodynamics is started early, or with a delay due to partonic free-streaming.

Wojciech Broniowski; Mikolaj Chojnacki; Wojciech Florkowski; Adam Kisiel

2008-01-28T23:59:59.000Z

265

Implications for the electron distribution from the stationary hydrodynamic model of a one-dimensional plasma expansion into vacuum  

SciTech Connect

It is shown that the hydrodynamic model of a one-dimensional collisionless plasma expansion is contained in the kinetic description as a special case. This belongs to a specific choice for the electron distribution function. Moreover, the consequences of the use of the hydrodynamic approach regarding the temporal evolution of the electron phase space density are investigated. It turns out that only the case of a hydrodynamic description with the adiabatic constant {kappa}=3 is physically self-consistent. Numerical simulations confirm this argumentation. The analysis for the case {kappa}=3 is extended to the kinetics of a relativistic electron gas.

Kiefer, Thomas [Friedrich-Schiller-Universitaet Jena, Jena (Germany); Schlegel, Theodor [GSI Helmholtzzentrum fuer Schwerionenforschung GmbH, Darmstadt (Germany); Helmholtz Institute Jena, Jena (Germany)

2012-10-15T23:59:59.000Z

266

Low torque hydrodynamic lip geometry for bi-directional rotation seals  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A hydrodynamically lubricating geometry for the generally circular dynamic sealing lip of rotary seals that are employed to partition a lubricant from an environment. The dynamic sealing lip is provided for establishing compressed sealing engagement with a relatively rotatable surface, and for wedging a film of lubricating fluid into the interface between the dynamic sealing lip and the relatively rotatable surface in response to relative rotation that may occur in the clockwise or the counter-clockwise direction. A wave form incorporating an elongated dimple provides the gradual convergence, efficient impingement angle, and gradual interfacial contact pressure rise that are conducive to efficient hydrodynamic wedging. Skewed elevated contact pressure zones produced by compression edge effects provide for controlled lubricant movement within the dynamic sealing interface between the seal and the relatively rotatable surface, producing enhanced lubrication and low running torque.

Dietle, Lannie L. (Houston, TX); Schroeder, John E. (Richmond, TX)

2011-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

267

Low torque hydrodynamic lip geometry for bi-directional rotation seals  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A hydrodynamically lubricating geometry for the generally circular dynamic sealing lip of rotary seals that are employed to partition a lubricant from an environment. The dynamic sealing lip is provided for establishing compressed sealing engagement with a relatively rotatable surface, and for wedging a film of lubricating fluid into the interface between the dynamic sealing lip and the relatively rotatable surface in response to relative rotation that may occur in the clockwise or the counter-clockwise direction. A wave form incorporating an elongated dimple provides the gradual convergence, efficient impingement angle, and gradual interfacial contact pressure rise that are conducive to efficient hydrodynamic wedging. Skewed elevated contact pressure zones produced by compression edge effects provide for controlled lubricant movement within the dynamic sealing interface between the seal and the relatively rotatable surface, producing enhanced lubrication and low running torque.

Dietle, Lannie L. (Houston, TX); Schroeder, John E. (Richmond, TX)

2009-07-21T23:59:59.000Z

268

Non-Abelian hydrodynamics and the flow of spin in spin-orbit coupled substances  

SciTech Connect

Motivated by the heavy ion collision experiments there is much activity in studying the hydrodynamical properties of non-Abelian (quark-gluon) plasmas. A major question is how to deal with color currents. Although not widely appreciated, quite similar issues arise in condensed matter physics in the context of the transport of spins in the presence of spin-orbit coupling. The key insight is that the Pauli Hamiltonian governing the leading relativistic corrections in condensed matter systems can be rewritten in a language of SU(2) covariant derivatives where the role of the non-Abelian gauge fields is taken by the physical electromagnetic fields: the Pauli system can be viewed as Yang-Mills quantum-mechanics in a 'fixed frame', and it can be viewed as an 'analogous system' for non-Abelian transport in the same spirit as Volovik's identification of the He superfluids as analogies for quantum fields in curved space time. We take a similar perspective as Jackiw and coworkers in their recent study of non-Abelian hydrodynamics, twisting the interpretation into the 'fixed frame' context, to find out what this means for spin transport in condensed matter systems. We present an extension of Jackiw's scheme: non-Abelian hydrodynamical currents can be factored in a 'non-coherent' classical part, and a coherent part requiring macroscopic non-Abelian quantum entanglement. Hereby it becomes particularly manifest that non-Abelian fluid flow is a much richer affair than familiar hydrodynamics, and this permits us to classify the various spin transport phenomena in condensed matter physics in an unifying framework. The 'particle based hydrodynamics' of Jackiw et al. is recognized as the high temperature spin transport associated with semiconductor spintronics. In this context the absence of faithful hydrodynamics is well known, but in our formulation it is directly associated with the fact that the covariant conservation of non-Abelian currents turns into a disastrous non-conservation of the incoherent spin currents of the high temperature limit. We analyze the quantum-mechanical single particle currents of relevance to mesoscopic transport with as highlight the Ahronov-Casher effect, where we demonstrate that the intricacies of the non-Abelian transport render this effect to be much more fragile than its abelian analog, the Ahronov-Bohm effect. We subsequently focus on spin flows protected by order parameters. At present there is much interest in multiferroics where non-collinear magnetic order triggers macroscopic electric polarization via the spin-orbit coupling. We identify this to be a peculiarity of coherent non-Abelian hydrodynamics: although there is no net particle transport, the spin entanglement is transported in these magnets and the coherent spin 'super' current in turn translates into electric fields with the bonus that due to the requirement of single valuedness of the magnetic order parameter a true hydrodynamics is restored. Finally, 'fixed-frame' coherent non-Abelian transport comes to its full glory in spin-orbit coupled 'spin superfluids', and we demonstrate a new effect: the trapping of electrical line charge being a fixed frame, non-Abelian analog of the familiar magnetic flux trapping by normal superconductors. The only known physical examples of such spin superfluids are the {sup 3}He A- and B-phase where unfortunately the spin-orbit coupling is so weak that it appears impossible to observe these effects.

Leurs, B.W.A. [Instituut Lorentz for Theoretical Physics, Leiden University, Leiden (Netherlands)], E-mail: leurs@lorentz.leidenuniv.nl; Nazario, Z.; Santiago, D.I.; Zaanen, J. [Instituut Lorentz for Theoretical Physics, Leiden University, Leiden (Netherlands)

2008-04-15T23:59:59.000Z

269

MHK Projects/Marine Hydrodynamics Laboratory at the University of Michigan  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Marine Hydrodynamics Laboratory at the University of Michigan Marine Hydrodynamics Laboratory at the University of Michigan < MHK Projects Jump to: navigation, search << Return to the MHK database homepage Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":5,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"500px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"File:Aquamarine-marker.png","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":42.2808,"lon":-83.743,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"http:\/\/prod-http-80-800498448.us-east-1.elb.amazonaws.com\/w\/images\/7\/74\/Aquamarine-marker.png","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

270

BETHE-Hydro: An Arbitrary Lagrangian-Eulerian Multi-dimensional Hydrodynamics Code for Astrophysical Simulations  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In this paper, we describe a new hydrodynamics code for 1D and 2D astrophysical simulations, BETHE-hydro, that uses time-dependent, arbitrary, unstructured grids. The core of the hydrodynamics algorithm is an arbitrary Lagrangian-Eulerian (ALE) approach, in which the gradient and divergence operators are made compatible using the support-operator method. We present 1D and 2D gravity solvers that are finite differenced using the support-operator technique, and the resulting system of linear equations are solved using the tridiagonal method for 1D simulations and an iterative multigrid-preconditioned conjugate-gradient method for 2D simulations. Rotational terms are included for 2D calculations using cylindrical coordinates. We document an incompatibility between a subcell pressure algorithm to suppress hourglass motions and the subcell remapping algorithm and present a modified subcell pressure scheme that avoids this problem. Strengths of this code include a straightforward structure, enabling simple inclusio...

Murphy, Jeremiah W

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

271

Hydrodynamic models for slurry bubble column reactors. Seventh technical progress report, January--March 1996  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The objective of this investigation is to convert our ``learning gas solid-liquid`` fluidization model into a predictive design model. The IIT hydrodynamic model computes the phase velocities and the volume fractions of gas, liquid and particulate phase. Model verification involves a comparison of these computed velocities and volume fractions to experimental values. A hydrodynamic model for multiphase flows, based on the principles of mass, momentum and energy conservation for each phase, was developed and applied to model gas-liquid, gas-liquid-solid fluidization and gas-solid-solid separation. To simulate the industrial slurry bubble column reactors, a computer program based on the hydrodynamic model was written with modules for chemical reactions (e.g. the synthesis of methanol), phase changes and heat exchangers. In the simulations of gas-liquid two phases flow system, the gas hold-ups, computed with a variety of operating conditions such as temperature, pressure, gas and liquid velocities, agree well with the measurements obtained at Air Products` pilot plant. The hydrodynamic model has more flexible features than the previous empirical correlations in predicting the gas hold-up of gas-liquid two-phase flow systems. In the simulations of gas-liquid-solid bubble column reactors with and without slurry circulation, the code computes volume fractions, temperatures and velocity distributions for the gas, the liquid and the solid phases, as well as concentration distributions for the species (CO, H{sub 2}, CH{sub 3}0H, ... ), after startup from a certain initial state. A kinetic theory approach is used to compute a solid viscosity due to particle collisions. Solid motion and gas-liquid-solid mixing are observed on a color PCSHOW movie made from computed time series data. The steady state and time average catalyst concentration profiles, the slurry height and the rates of methanol production agree well with the measurements obtained at an Air Products` pilot plant.

Gidaspow, D.

1996-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

272

Statistical Estimation of Two-Body Hydrodynamic Properties Using System Identification  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A basic understanding of the hydrodynamic response behavior of the two-body system is important for a wide variety of offshore operations. This is a complex problem and model tests can provide data that in turn can be used to retrieve key information concerning the response characteristics of such systems. The current study demonstrates that the analysis of these data using a combination of statistical tools and system identification techniques can efficiently recover the main hydrodynamic parameters useful in design. The computation of the statistical parameters, spectral densities and coherence functions provides an overview of the general response behavior of the system. The statistical analysis also guides the selection of the nonlinear terms that will be used in the reverse multi-input / single-output (R-MI/SO) system identification method in this study. With appropriate linear and nonlinear terms included in the equation of motion, the R-MISO technique is able to estimate the main hydrodynamic parameters that characterize the offshore system. In the past, the R-MISO method was primarily applied to single body systems, while in the current study a ship moored to a fixed barge was investigated. The formulation included frequency-dependant hydrodynamic parameters which were evaluated from the experimental measurements. Several issues specific to this extension were addressed including the computation load, the interpretation of the results and the validation of the model. Only the most important cross-coupling terms were chosen to be kept based on the estimation of their energy. It is shown that both the heading and the loading condition can influence system motion behavior and that the impact of the wave in the gap between the two vessels is important. The coherence was computed to verify goodness-of-fit of the model, the results were overall satisfying.

Xie, Chen

2009-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

273

Navier-Stokes hydrodynamics of thermal collapse in a freely cooling granular gas  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We employ Navier-Stokes granular hydrodynamics to investigate the long-time behavior of clustering instability in a freely cooling dilute granular gas in two dimensions. We find that, in circular containers, the homogeneous cooling state (HCS) of the gas loses its stability via a sub-critical pitchfork bifurcation. There are no time-independent solutions for the gas density in the supercritical region, and we present analytical and numerical evidence that the gas develops thermal collapse unarrested by heat diffusion. To get more insight, we switch to a simpler geometry of a narrow-sector-shaped container. Here the HCS loses its stability via a transcritical bifurcation. For some initial conditions a time-independent inhomogeneous density profile sets in, qualitatively similar to that previously found in a narrow-channel geometry. For other initial conditions, however, the dilute gas develops thermal collapse unarrested by heat diffusion. We determine the dynamic scalings of the flow close to collapse analytically and verify them in hydrodynamic simulations. The results of this work imply that, in dimension higher than one, Navier-Stokes hydrodynamics of a dilute granular gas is prone to finite-time density blowups. This provides a natural explanation to the formation of densely packed clusters of particles in a variety of initially dilute granular flows.

Itamar Kolvin; Eli Livne; Baruch Meerson

2009-12-03T23:59:59.000Z

274

BETHE-Hydro: An Arbitrary Lagrangian-Eulerian Multi-dimensional Hydrodynamics Code for Astrophysical Simulations  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In this paper, we describe a new hydrodynamics code for 1D and 2D astrophysical simulations, BETHE-hydro, that uses time-dependent, arbitrary, unstructured grids. The core of the hydrodynamics algorithm is an arbitrary Lagrangian-Eulerian (ALE) approach, in which the gradient and divergence operators are made compatible using the support-operator method. We present 1D and 2D gravity solvers that are finite differenced using the support-operator technique, and the resulting system of linear equations are solved using the tridiagonal method for 1D simulations and an iterative multigrid-preconditioned conjugate-gradient method for 2D simulations. Rotational terms are included for 2D calculations using cylindrical coordinates. We document an incompatibility between a subcell pressure algorithm to suppress hourglass motions and the subcell remapping algorithm and present a modified subcell pressure scheme that avoids this problem. Strengths of this code include a straightforward structure, enabling simple inclusion of additional physics packages, the ability to use a general equation of state, and most importantly, the ability to solve self-gravitating hydrodynamic flows on time-dependent, arbitrary grids. In what follows, we describe in detail the numerical techniques employed and, with a large suite of tests, demonstrate that BETHE-hydro finds accurate solutions with 2$^{nd}$-order convergence.

Jeremiah W. Murphy; Adam Burrows

2008-05-21T23:59:59.000Z

275

Basic design and hydrodynamic analysis of three-column TLP and comparison with ISSC TLP  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Three-column TLP is a new design variation of the common four-column TLP. The objective of this study is to find the hydrodynamic feasibility of the three-column TLP. This accomplished by comparing the three-column design to the ISSC TLP. The ISSC TLP is chosen as the parent TLP and the column diameter, distance between column centers, water depth, environment and pontoon dimensions are kept the same for the ISSC TLP. The initial design shows a satisfactory hydrodynamic characteristic set for the three-column. A detailed coupled analysis of the platform is done using Higher Order Boundary Element Application (HOBEM). The wave excitation forces, responses and average drift forces are computed for wave heading 0 degree and 30 degree. A non-linear quasi-static study is done for the tendons. The three-column design is compared with the four-column design and the comparison shows the two are hydrodynamically similar. Three-column TLP can be considered as a viable alternative for four-column TLP.

Sebastian, Abhilash

2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

276

Hydrodynamic flow in the vicinity of a nanopore induced by an applied voltage  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Continuum simulation is employed to study ion transport and fluid flow through a nanopore in a solid-state membrane under an applied potential drop. Results show the existence of concentration polarization layers on the surfaces of the membrane. The nonuniformity of the ionic distribution gives rise to an electric pressure that drives vortical motion in the fluid. There is also a net hydrodynamic flow through the nanopore due to an asymmetry induced by the membrane surface charge. The qualitative behavior is similar to that observed in a previous study using molecular dynamic simulations. The current--voltage characteristics show some nonlinear features but are not greatly affected by the hydrodynamic flow in the parameter regime studied. In the limit of thin Debye layers, the electric resistance of the system can be characterized using an equivalent circuit with lumped parameters. Generation of vorticity can be understood qualitatively from elementary considerations of the Maxwell stresses. However, the flow strength is a strongly nonlinear function of the applied field. Combination of electrophoretic and hydrodynamic effects can lead to ion selectivity in terms of valences and this could have some practical applications in separations.

Mao Mao; Sandip Ghosal; Guohui Hu

2013-05-16T23:59:59.000Z

277

Proceedings of RIKEN BNL Research Center Workshop entitled Hydrodynamics in Heavy Ion Collisions and QCD Equation of State (Volume 88)  

SciTech Connect

The interpretation of relativistic heavy-ion collisions at RHIC energies with thermal concepts is largely based on the relative success of ideal (nondissipative) hydrodynamics. This approach can describe basic observables at RHIC, such as particle spectra and momentum anisotropies, fairly well. On the other hand, recent theoretical efforts indicate that dissipation can play a significant role. Ideally viscous hydrodynamic simulations would extract, if not only the equation of state, but also transport coefficients from RHIC data. There has been a lot of progress with solving relativistic viscous hydrodynamics. There are already large uncertainties in ideal hydrodynamics calculations, e.g., uncertainties associated with initial conditions, freezeout, and the simplified equations of state typically utilized. One of the most sensitive observables to the equation of state is the baryon momentum anisotropy, which is also affected by freezeout assumptions. Up-to-date results from lattice quantum chromodynamics on the transition temperature and equation of state with realistic quark masses are currently available. However, these have not yet been incorporated into the hydrodynamic calculations. Therefore, the RBRC workshop 'Hydrodynamics in Heavy Ion Collisions and QCD Equation of State' aimed at getting a better understanding of the theoretical frameworks for dissipation and near-equilibrium dynamics in heavy-ion collisions. The topics discussed during the workshop included techniques to solve the dynamical equations and examine the role of initial conditions and decoupling, as well as the role of the equation of state and transport coefficients in current simulations.

Karsch,F.; Kharzeev, D.; Molnar, K.; Petreczky, P.; Teaney, D.

2008-04-21T23:59:59.000Z

278

Probing the Universe with the Lyman-alpha Forest: I. Hydrodynamics of the Low Density IGM  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We introduce an efficient and accurate alternative to full hydrodynamic simulations, Hydro-PM (HPM), for the study of the low column density Lyman-alpha forest. It consists of a Particle-Mesh solver, modified to compute, in addition to the gravitational potential, an effective potential due to the gas pressure. Such an effective potential can be computed from the density field because of a tight correlation between density and pressure in the low density limit, which can be calculated for any photo-reionization history by a method outlined in Hui & Gnedin (1997). Such a correlation exists, in part, because of minimal shock-heating in the low density limit. We compare carefully the density and velocity fields as well as absorption spectra, computed using HPM versus hydrodynamic simulations, and find good agreement. We show that HPM is capable of reproducing measurable quantities, such as the column density distribution, computed from full hydrodynamic simulations, to a precision comparable to that of observations. We discuss how, by virtue of its speed and accuracy, HPM can enable us to use the Lyman-alpha forest as a cosmological probe. We also discuss in detail the smoothing of the gas (or baryon) fluctuation relative to that of the dark matter on small scales due to finite gas pressure. It is shown the conventional wisdom that the linear gas fluctuation is smoothed on the Jeans scale is incorrect for general reionization (or reheating) history; the correct linear filtering scale is in general smaller than the Jeans scale after reheating, but larger prior to it. (abridged)

Nickolay Y. Gnedin; Lam Hui

1997-06-20T23:59:59.000Z

279

Stochastic Hard-Sphere Dynamics for Hydrodynamics of Non-Ideal Fluids  

SciTech Connect

A novel stochastic fluid model is proposed with a nonideal structure factor consistent with compressibility, and adjustable transport coefficients. This stochastic hard-sphere dynamics (SHSD) algorithm is a modification of the direct simulation Monte Carlo algorithm and has several computational advantages over event-driven hard-sphere molecular dynamics. Surprisingly, SHSD results in an equation of state and a pair correlation function identical to that of a deterministic Hamiltonian system of penetrable spheres interacting with linear core pair potentials. The fluctuating hydrodynamic behavior of the SHSD fluid is verified for the Brownian motion of a nanoparticle suspended in a compressible solvent.

Donev, A; Alder, B J; Garcia, A L

2008-02-26T23:59:59.000Z

280

Knudsen-Hydrodynamic Crossover in Liquid 3He in High Porosity Aerogel  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We present a combined experimental and theoretical study of the drag force acting on a high porosity aerogel immersed in liquid ${}^3$He and its effect on sound propagation. The drag force is characterized by the Knudsen number, which is defined as the ratio of the quasiparticle mean free path to the radius of an aerogel strand. Evidence of the Knudsen-hydrodynamic crossover is clearly demonstrated by a drastic change in the temperature dependence of ultrasound attenuation in 98% porosity aerogel. Our theoretical analysis shows that the frictional sound damping caused by the drag force is governed by distinct laws in the two regimes, providing excellent agreement with the experimental observation.

Takeuchi, H; Nagai, K; Choi, H C; Moon, B H; Masuhara, N; Meisel, M W; Lee, Y; Mulders, N

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "diego scripps hydrodynamic" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
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281

The second order hydrodynamic transport coefficient $?$ for the gluon plasma from the lattice  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The quark gluon plasma produced in heavy ion collisions behaves like an almost ideal fluid described by viscous hydrodynamics with a number of transport coefficients. The second order coefficient $\\kappa$ is related to a Euclidean correlator of the energy-momentum tensor at vanishing frequency and low momentum. This allows for a lattice determination without maximum entropy methods or modelling, but the required lattice sizes represent a formidable challenge. We calculate $\\kappa$ in leading order lattice perturbation theory and simulations on $120^3\\times 6,8$ lattices with $afuture.

Owe Philipsen; Christian Schfer

2013-11-26T23:59:59.000Z

282

Coupling atomistic and continuum hydrodynamics through a mesoscopic model: application to liquid water  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We have conducted a triple-scale simulation of liquid water by concurrently coupling atomistic, mesoscopic, and continuum models of the liquid. The presented triple-scale hydrodynamic solver for molecular liquids enables the insertion of large molecules into the atomistic domain through a mesoscopic region. We show that the triple-scale scheme is robust against the details of the mesoscopic model owing to the conservation of linear momentum by the adaptive resolution forces. Our multiscale approach is designed for molecular simulations of open domains with relatively large molecules, either in the grand canonical ensemble or under non-equilibrium conditions.

Rafael Delgado-Buscalioni; Kurt Kremer; Matej Praprotnik

2009-08-04T23:59:59.000Z

283

Three-Dimensional Smoothed Particle Hydrodynamics Simulation for Liquid Metal Solidification Process  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The solidification behavior of liquid metal in a container under rapid cooling process is one of the major concerns to be analyzed. In order to analyze its fundamental behavior, a three- dimensional (3D) fluid dynamics simulation was developed using a particle-based method, known as the smoothed particle hydrodynamics (SPH) method. Governing equations that determine the fluid motion and heat transfer involving phase change process are solved by discretizing their gradient and Laplacian term with the moving particles and calculating the interaction with its neighboring particles. The results demonstrate that the SPH mehod can successfully reproduce the behavior and defect prediction of liquid metal solidification process.

S, Raden Ahnaf Faqih

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

284

A Study of the Di-Hadron Angular Correlation Function in Event by Event Ideal Hydrodynamics  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The di-hadron angular correlation function is computed within boost invariant, ideal hydrodynamics for Au+Au collisions at $\\sqrt{s}_{NN}=200$ GeV using Monte Carlo Glauber fluctuating initial conditions. When $0event by event basis to the initial condition geometrical parameters $\\left\\{\\varepsilon_{2,n}, \\Phi_{2,n} \\right \\}$, respectively. Moreover, the fluctuation of the relative phase between trigger and associated particles, $\\Delta_n =\\Psi_n^t - \\Psi_n^a$, is found to affect the di-hadron angular correlation function when different intervals of transverse momentum are used to define the trigger and the associated hadrons.

R. P. G. Andrade; J. Noronha

2013-05-14T23:59:59.000Z

285

Hydrodynamic models for slurry bubble column reactors. Fourth technical progress report  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The objective of this investigation is to convert our ``learning gas-solid-liquid`` fluidization model into a predictive design model. The IIT hydrodynamic model computes the phase velocities and volume fractions of gas, liquid and particulate phases. Model verification involves a comparison of these computed velocities and volume fractions to experimental values. The simulation of Air Product methanol reactors described in this paper are continuing. Granular temperatures and viscosities have been computed. Preliminary measurements of granular temperatures using the Air Product catalysts were obtained using our CCD camera.

Gidaspow, D.

1995-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

286

Generalized Hydrodynamic Treatment of the Interplay between Restricted Transport and Catalytic Reactions in Nanoporous Materials  

SciTech Connect

Behavior of catalytic reactions in narrow pores is controlled by a delicate interplay between fluctuations in adsorption-desorption at pore openings, restricted diffusion, and reaction. This behavior is captured by a generalized hydrodynamic formulation of appropriate reaction-diffusion equations (RDE). These RDE incorporate an unconventional description of chemical diffusion in mixed-component quasi-single-file systems based on a refined picture of tracer diffusion for finite-length pores. The RDE elucidate the nonexponential decay of the steady-state reactant concentration into the pore and the non-mean-field scaling of the reactant penetration depth.

Ackerman, David M.; Wang, Jing; Evans, James W.

2012-05-30T23:59:59.000Z

287

Fabrication of Micro and Nanoparticles of Paclitaxel-loaded Poly L Lactide for Controlled Release using Supercritical Antisolvent Method: Effects of Thermodynamics and Hydrodynamics  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This paper presents the fabrication of controlled release devices for anticancer drug paclitaxel using supercritical antisolvent method. The thermodynamic and hydrodynamic effects during supercritical antisolvent process ...

Lee, Lai Yeng

288

Cloudy Skies R. N. Byrne, D. N. Arion, and F. Malvagi Science Applications International Corporation  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

R. N. Byrne, D. N. Arion, and F. Malvagi R. N. Byrne, D. N. Arion, and F. Malvagi Science Applications International Corporation San Diego, CA 92121-1578 Y. Serra and R.C.J. Somerville Scripps Institution of Oceanography University of California, San Diego La Jolla, CA 92093-0224 G. C. Pomraning and BJ Su School of Engineering and Applied Science, UCLA University of California, Los Angeles Los Angeles, CA Thesis 2. Theory of Stochastic Transfer. We have shown that the Titov and Pomraning-Levermore solutions to a certain problem in stochastic transfer, though apparently very different, can be reconciled. 3. Effect on Model Calculations. We have used the Scripps Single Column Model as a stand-in for a GCM in an investigation of the effect of our first functional correction tables on climate prediction.

289

Scripps Institution of Oceanography Contributions Index Vols. 52-71, 1982-2001  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

V. D. Shapiro, D. A. Mendis, and B. J. Kellett). Generation455 FLAMMER, K. R. (with D. A. Mendis and V. D. Shapiro).

Lett, Phyllis C.

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

290

Scripps Institution of Oceanography Contributions Index Vols. 52-71, 1982-2001  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

in the Miocene Monterey Formation, Upper Newport Bay,California. In: The Monterey Formation: From Rocks toMonterey Colloquium on Deep Convection and Deep Water Formation

Lett, Phyllis C.

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

291

Scripps Institution of Oceanography Contributions Index Vols. 40-51, 1970-1981  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

formation. In The Monterey Formation and Related Siliceousof modem depositional analogs to the Monterey formation.In The Monterey Formation and Related Siliceous Rocks of

Anonymous,

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

292

Scripps Institution of Oceanography Contributions Index Vols. 40-51, 1970-1981  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Fate and Effects of Drilling Fluids and Cuttings, JanuaryFate and Effects of Drilling Fluids and Cuttings, January

Anonymous,

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

293

Scripps Institution of Oceanography Contributions Index Vols. 1-39, 1938-1969  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Yutaka Nagaya) Zinc-65 and other fallout nuclides in marineR. Folsom) Zinc-65 and other fallout nuclides in marineand Perrin Winchell) Fallout caesium in surface sea water

Anonymous,

1970-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

294

Scripps Institution of Oceanography Contributions Index Vols. 40-51, 1970-1981  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Records of plutonium fallout in marine and terrestrialRecords of plutonium fallout in marine and terrestrialand Safety Laboratory, Fallout Program Quar.terly Summary

Anonymous,

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

295

Scripps Institution of Oceanography Contributions Index Vols. 1-39, 1938-1969  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

marine productivity with waste heat and mechanical power ... marine productivity with waste heat and mechanical power

Anonymous,

1970-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

296

The Scripps Coupled OceanAtmosphere Regional (SCOAR) Model, with Applications in the Eastern Pacific Sector  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A regional coupled oceanatmosphere model is introduced. It is designed to admit the airsea feedbacks arising in the presence of an oceanic mesoscale eddy field. It consists of the Regional Ocean Modeling System (ROMS) and the Regional Spectral ...

Hyodae Seo; Arthur J. Miller; John O. Roads

2007-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

297

Scripps Institution of Oceanography Contributions Index Vols. 1-39, 1938-1969  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

reference to the carbon dioxide factor III Sweeney, Beatriceto the carbon dioxide factor Tseng, Cheng K.

Anonymous,

1970-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

298

LABORATORY FOR ATMOSPHERIC ACOUSTICS SCRIPPS INSTITUTION OF OCEANOGRAPHY INSTITUTE OF GEOPHYSICS & PLANETARY PHYSICS Pion Flat Observatory  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

original scientific research and engineering design at the forefront of their particular area. Expertise in problem-solving methodologies, including engineering design and structured decision

Constable, Steve

299

Electrokinetic and hydrodynamic properties of charged-particles systems: From small electrolyte ions to large colloids  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Dynamic processes in dispersions of charged spherical particles are of importance both in fundamental science, and in technical and bio-medical applications. There exists a large variety of charged-particles systems, ranging from nanometer-sized electrolyte ions to micron-sized charge-stabilized colloids. We review recent advances in theoretical methods for the calculation of linear transport coefficients in concentrated particulate systems, with the focus on hydrodynamic interactions and electrokinetic effects. Considered transport properties are the dispersion viscosity, self- and collective diffusion coefficients, sedimentation coefficients, and electrophoretic mobilities and conductivities of ionic particle species in an external electric field. Advances by our group are also discussed, including a novel mode-coupling-theory method for conduction-diffusion and viscoelastic properties of strong electrolyte solutions. Furthermore, results are presented for dispersions of solvent-permeable particles, and particles with non-zero hydrodynamic surface slip. The concentration-dependent swelling of ionic microgels is discussed, as well as a far-reaching dynamic scaling behavior relating colloidal long- to short-time dynamics.

G. Ngele; M. Heinen; A. J. Banchio; C. Contreras-Aburto

2013-09-13T23:59:59.000Z

300

Note on the hydrodynamic description of thin nematic films: strong anchoring model  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We discuss the long-wave hydrodynamic model for a thin film of nematic liquid crystal in the limit of strong anchoring at the free surface and at the substrate. We rigorously clarify how the elastic energy enters the evolution equation for the film thickness in order to provide a solid basis for further investigation: several conflicting models exist in the literature that predict qualitatively different behaviour. We consolidate the various approaches and show that the long-wave model derived through an asymptotic expansion of the full nemato-hydrodynamic equations with consistent boundary conditions agrees with the model one obtains by employing a thermodynamically motivated gradient dynamics formulation based on an underlying free energy functional. As a result, we find that in the case of strong anchoring the elastic distortion energy is always stabilising. To support the discussion in the main part of the paper, an appendix gives the full derivation of the evolution equation for the film thickness via asymptotic expansion.

Te-Sheng Lin; Linda J. Cummings; Andrew J. Archer; Lou Kondic; Uwe Thiele

2013-01-17T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "diego scripps hydrodynamic" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


301

Oxygen spectral line synthesis: 3D non-LTE with CO5BOLD hydrodynamical model atmospheres  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In this work we present first results of our current project aimed at combining the 3D hydrodynamical stellar atmosphere approach with non-LTE (NLTE) spectral line synthesis for a number of key chemical species. We carried out a full 3D-NLTE spectrum synthesis of the oxygen IR 777 nm triplet, using a modified and improved version of our NLTE3D package to calculate departure coefficients for the atomic levels of oxygen in a CO5BOLD 3D hydrodynamical solar model atmosphere. Spectral line synthesis was subsequently performed with the Linfor 3D code. In agreement with previous studies, we find that the lines of the oxygen triplet produce deeper cores under NLTE conditions, due to the diminished line source function in the line forming region. This means that the solar oxygen IR 777 nm lines should be stronger in NLTE, leading to negative 3D NLTE-LTE abundance corrections. Qualitatively this result would support previous claims for a relatively low solar oxygen abundance. Finally, we outline several further steps ...

Prakapavicius, D; Kucinskas, A; Ludwig, H -G; Freytag, B; Caffau, E; Cayrel, R

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

302

Event-by-event hydrodynamics and elliptic flow from fluctuating initial states  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We develop a framework for event-by-event ideal hydrodynamics to study the differential elliptic flow, which is measured at different centralities in Au + Au collisions at the Relativistic Heavy Ion Collider (RHIC). Fluctuating initial energy density profiles, which here are the event-by-event analogs of the wounded nucleon profiles, are created using a Monte Carlo Glauber model. Using the same event plane method for obtaining v{sub 2} as in the data analysis, we can reproduce both the measured centrality dependence and the p{sub T} shape of charged-particle elliptic flow up to p{sub T}{approx}2 GeV. We also consider the relation of elliptic flow to the initial-state eccentricity using different reference planes and discuss the correlation between the physical event plane and the initial participant plane. Our results demonstrate that event-by-event hydrodynamics with initial-state fluctuations must be accounted for before a meaningful lower limit for viscosity can be obtained from elliptic flow data.

Holopainen, H.; Eskola, K. J. [Department of Physics, Post Office Box 35, University of Jyvaeskylae, FIN-40014 Jyvaeskylae (Finland); Helsinki Institute of Physics, Post Office Box 64, University of Helsinki, FIN-00014 Helsinki (Finland); Niemi, H. [Frankfurt Institute for Advanced Studies, Ruth-Moufang-Strasse 1, D-60438 Frankfurt am Main (Germany)

2011-03-15T23:59:59.000Z

303

NONLINEAR EVOLUTION OF GLOBAL HYDRODYNAMIC SHALLOW-WATER INSTABILITY IN THE SOLAR TACHOCLINE  

SciTech Connect

We present a fully nonlinear hydrodynamic 'shallow-water' model of the solar tachocline. The model consists of a global spherical shell of differentially rotating fluid, which has a deformable top, thus allowing motions in radial directions along with latitudinal and longitudinal directions. When the system is perturbed, in the course of its nonlinear evolution it can generate unstable low-frequency shallow-water shear modes from the differential rotation, high-frequency gravity waves, and their interactions. Radiative and overshoot tachoclines are characterized in this model by high and low effective gravity values, respectively. Building a semi-implicit spectral scheme containing very low numerical diffusion, we perform nonlinear evolution of shallow-water modes. Our first results show that (1) high-latitude jets or polar spin-up occurs due to nonlinear evolution of unstable hydrodynamic shallow-water disturbances and differential rotation, (2) Reynolds stresses in the disturbances together with changing shell thickness and meridional flow are responsible for the evolution of differential rotation, (3) disturbance energy primarily remains concentrated in the lowest longitudinal wavenumbers, (4) an oscillation in energy between perturbed and unperturbed states occurs due to evolution of these modes in a nearly dissipation-free system, and (5) disturbances are geostrophic, but occasional nonadjustment in geostrophic balance can occur, particularly in the case of high effective gravity, leading to generation of gravity waves. We also find that a linearly stable differential rotation profile remains nonlinearly stable.

Dikpati, Mausumi, E-mail: dikpati@ucar.edu [High Altitude Observatory, National Center for Atmospheric Research, 3080 Center Green, Boulder, CO 80301 (United States)

2012-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

304

Hydrodynamic slip boundary condition at chemically patterned surfaces: A continuum deduction from molecular dynamics  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We investigate the slip boundary condition for single-phase flow past a chemically patterned surface. Molecular dynamics (MD) simulations show that modulation of fluid-solid interaction along a chemically patterned surface induces a lateral structure in the fluid molecular organization near the surface. Consequently, various forces and stresses in the fluid vary along the patterned surface. Given the presence of these lateral variations, a general scheme is developed to extract hydrodynamic information from MD data. With the help of this scheme, the validity of the Navier slip boundary condition is verified for the chemically patterned surface, where a local slip length can be defined. Based on the MD results, a continuum hydrodynamic model is formulated using the Navier-Stokes equation and the Navier boundary condition, with a slip length varying along the patterned surface. Steady-state velocity fields from continuum calculations are in quantitative agreement with those from MD simulations. It is shown that, when the pattern period is sufficiently small, the solid surface appears to be homogeneous, with an effective slip length that can be controlled by surface patterning. Such a tunable slip length may have important applications in nanofluidics.

Tiezheng Qian; Xiao-Ping Wang; Ping Sheng

2005-02-26T23:59:59.000Z

305

Optimization of a Two-Fluid Hydrodynamic Model of Churn-Turbulent Flow  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

A hydrodynamic model of two-phase, churn-turbulent flows is being developed using the computational multiphase fluid dynamics (CMFD) code, NPHASE-CMFD. The numerical solutions obtained by this model are compared with experimental data obtained at the TOPFLOW facility of the Institute of Safety Research at the Forschungszentrum Dresden-Rossendorf. The TOPFLOW data is a high quality experimental database of upward, co-current air-water flows in a vertical pipe suitable for validation of computational fluid dynamics (CFD) codes. A five-field CMFD model was developed for the continuous liquid phase and four bubble size groups using mechanistic closure models for the ensemble-averaged Navier-Stokes equations. Mechanistic models for the drag and non-drag interfacial forces are implemented to include the governing physics to describe the hydrodynamic forces controlling the gas distribution. The closure models provide the functional form of the interfacial forces, with user defined coefficients to adjust the force magnitude. An optimization strategy was devised for these coefficients using commercial design optimization software. This paper demonstrates an approach to optimizing CMFD model parameters using a design optimization approach. Computed radial void fraction profiles predicted by the NPHASE-CMFD code are compared to experimental data for four bubble size groups.

Donna Post Guillen

2009-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

306

A fully second order implicit/explicit time integration technique for hydrodynamics plus nonlinear heat conduction problems  

SciTech Connect

We present a fully second order implicit/explicit time integration technique for solving hydrodynamics coupled with nonlinear heat conduction problems. The idea is to hybridize an implicit and an explicit discretization in such a way to achieve second order time convergent calculations. In this scope, the hydrodynamics equations are discretized explicitly making use of the capability of well-understood explicit schemes. On the other hand, the nonlinear heat conduction is solved implicitly. Such methods are often referred to as IMEX methods. The Jacobian-Free Newton Krylov (JFNK) method (e.g. ) is applied to the problem in such a way as to render a nonlinearly iterated IMEX method. We solve three test problems in order to validate the numerical order of the scheme. For each test, we established second order time convergence. We support these numerical results with a modified equation analysis (MEA). The set of equations studied here constitute a base model for radiation hydrodynamics.

Kadioglu, Samet Y. [Multiphysics Methods Group, Reactor Physics Analysis and Design, Idaho National Laboratory, P.O. Box 1625, MS 3840, Idaho Falls, ID 83415 (United States)], E-mail: Samet.Kadioglu@inl.gov; Knoll, Dana A. [Multiphysics Methods Group, Reactor Physics Analysis and Design, Idaho National Laboratory, P.O. Box 1625, MS 3840, Idaho Falls, ID 83415 (United States)], E-mail: dana.knoll@inl.gov

2010-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

307

vogelmann-98.pdf  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

3 3 Constraints on Excess Absorption: Computations by a Broadband Monte Carlo Model A. M. Vogelmann, I. A. Podgorny, and V. Ramanathan Center for Atmospheric Sciences & Center for Clouds, Chemistry and Climate Scripps Institution of Oceanography University of California, San Diego San Diego, California Introduction and Motivation The topic of excess absorption has motivated us to scrutinize our understanding of atmospheric radiative transfer and the potential effects of uncertainties therein. Because water vapor is a primary absorber of solar radiation, our group first focused on examining the potential uncertainties in water vapor transmission models using Atmospheric Radiation Measurement (ARM) data. The results, presented at last year's ARM Science Team

308

Office of Fossil Energy DOE Award No.: DE-NT0005668 Quarterly Report  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

1 to September 2011 1 to September 2011 Gas Hydrate Characterization in the GoM using Marine EM Methods Submitted by: Scripps Institution of Oceanography University of California San Diego La Jolla, CA 92093-0225 Principal Investigator: Steven Constable Prepared for: United States Department of Energy National Energy Technology Laboratory October 27, 2011 Oil & Natural Gas Technology TABLE OF CONTENTS Executive Summary . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1 Progress, Results, and Discussion . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1 Conclusion . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4 Milestone Status . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

309

Office of Fossil Energy DOE Award No.: DE-NT0005668 Quarterly Report  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

1 to June 2011 1 to June 2011 Gas Hydrate Characterization in the GoM using Marine EM Methods Submitted by: Scripps Institution of Oceanography University of California San Diego La Jolla, CA 92093-0225 Principal Investigator: Steven Constable Prepared for: United States Department of Energy National Energy Technology Laboratory August 4 2011 Oil & Natural Gas Technology TABLE OF CONTENTS Executive Summary . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1 Progress, Results, and Discussion . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1 Conclusion . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2 Milestone Status . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

310

Office of Fossil Energy DOE Award No.: DE-NT0005668 Quarterly Report  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

09 to March 2009 09 to March 2009 Gas Hydrate Characterization in the GoM using Marine EM Methods Submitted by: Scripps Institution of Oceanography University of California San Diego La Jolla, CA 92093-0225 Principal Investigator: Steven Constable Prepared for: United States Department of Energy National Energy Technology Laboratory April 30, 2009 Oil & Natural Gas Technology TABLE OF CONTENTS Executive Summary . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1 Progress, Results, and Discussion . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1 Conclusions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6 Cost Status . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

311

Office of Fossil Energy DOE Award No.: DE-NT0005668 Quarterly Report  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

10 to June 2010 10 to June 2010 Gas Hydrate Characterization in the GoM using Marine EM Methods Submitted by: Scripps Institution of Oceanography University of California San Diego La Jolla, CA 92093-0225 Principal Investigator: Steven Constable Prepared for: United States Department of Energy National Energy Technology Laboratory August 2, 2010 Oil & Natural Gas Technology TABLE OF CONTENTS Executive Summary . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1 Progress, Results, and Discussion . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1 Conclusion . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5 Cost Status . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

312

Office of Fossil Energy DOE Award No.: DE-NT0005668 Quarterly Report  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

0 to March 2010 0 to March 2010 Gas Hydrate Characterization in the GoM using Marine EM Methods Submitted by: Scripps Institution of Oceanography University of California San Diego La Jolla, CA 92093-0225 Principal Investigator: Steven Constable Prepared for: United States Department of Energy National Energy Technology Laboratory April 12, 2010 Oil & Natural Gas Technology TABLE OF CONTENTS Executive Summary . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1 Progress, Results, and Discussion . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1 Conclusion . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7 Cost Status . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

313

A faster algorithm for smoothed particle hydrodynamics with radiative transfer in the flux-limited diffusion approximation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We describe a new, faster implicit algorithm for solving the radiation hydrodynamics equations in the flux-limited diffusion approximation for smoothed particle hydrodynamics. This improves on the method elucidated in Whitehouse & Bate by using a Gauss-Seidel iterative method rather than iterating over the exchange of energy between pairs of particles. The new algorithm is typically many thousands of times faster than the old one, which will enable more complex problems to be solved. The new algorithm is tested using the same tests performed by Turner & Stone for ZEUS-2D, and repeated by Whitehouse & Bate.

Stuart C. Whitehouse; Matthew R. Bate; Joe J. Monaghan

2005-09-28T23:59:59.000Z

314

Assessment of Energy Removal Impacts on Physical Systems: Hydrodynamic Model Domain Expansion and Refinement, and Online Dissemination of Model Results  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this report we describe the 1) the expansion of the PNNL hydrodynamic model domain to include the continental shelf along the coasts of Washington, Oregon, and Vancouver Island; and 2) the approach and progress in developing the online/Internet disseminations of model results and outreach efforts in support of the Puget Sound Operational Forecast System (PS-OPF). Submittal of this report completes the work on Task 2.1.2, Effects of Physical Systems, Subtask 2.1.2.1, Hydrodynamics, for fiscal year 2010 of the Environmental Effects of Marine and Hydrokinetic Energy project.

Yang, Zhaoqing; Khangaonkar, Tarang; Wang, Taiping

2010-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

315

Extended three-dimensional ADCIRC hydrodynamic model to include baroclinic flow and sediment transport  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The objective of this research is to identify the circulation patterns of the water and sediment fluxes in coastal and estuarine zones, where the shoaling processes correlate with tide generating flow patterns. The research provides a better understanding of the characteristics of spatial and temporal variability of currents. An important deviation from previous research is the inclusion of the baroclinic term, which becomes very important in density driven flows. The understanding of this process provides a basis for determining how the water circulation three-dimensionally controls the hydrodynamics of the system and ultimately transports the suspended and soluble materials due to combined currents and waves. A three-dimensional circulation model is used to calculate the water circulation. The model is based on the three-dimensional (3D) version of Advanced Circulation (AD-CIRC) Hydrodynamic Model with extending the Sediment Transport module. The model is based on the finite element method on unstructured grids. The output of the hydrody-namic model is used to estimate spatial and temporal advections, dispersions and bottom shear stress for the erosion, suspension, deposition and transport of sediment. The model development includes extending the existing three-dimensional (3D) ADCIRC Model with (1) baroclinic forcing term and (2) transport module of suspended and soluble materials. The transport module covers the erosion, material suspension and deposition processes for both cohesive and non-cohesive type sediments. The inclusion of the baroclinic demonstrates the potential of over or underpredicting the total net transport of suspended cohesive sediment under influence of currents. The model provides less than 6% error of theoretical mass conservation for eroded, suspended and deposited sediment material. The inclusion of the baroclinic term in stratified water demonstrates the prevailing longshore sediment transport. It is shown that the model has an application to the transport of the cohesive sediments from the mouth of the Mississippi River along the north shore of the Gulf of Mexico towards and along the Texas coast. The model is also applicable to determine the design erosion thickness of a cap for isolating contaminated dredged material and to evaluate the appro-priate grain size of cap sediments to minimize the erosion.

Pandoe, Wahyu Widodo

2003-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

316

Hydrodynamic/kinetic reactions in liquid-dominated geothermal systems. Final report  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A mobile geothermal well-site test unit at the Mercer 2 well in South Brawley, California (Imperial Valley), was constructed and tested. The equipment controlled, monitored, and recorded all process conditions of single- and dual-flash power cycles. Single- and two-phase flashed brine effluents were flowed through piping component test sections to provide hydrodynamic/kinetic data for scale formation. The unit operated at flowrates in excess of 200 gpm and is designed to accommodate flowrates up to 300 gpm. Primary scale formations encountered were those of PbS, Fe/sub 2/ (OH)/sub 3/Cl (iron hydroxychloride), iron chlorides, and non-crystalline forms of SiO/sub 2/. The formation of iron hydroxychloride was due to the unusually high concentration of iron in the wellhead brine (5000 mg/l).

Nesewich, J.P.; Gracey, C.M.

1982-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

317

On the Accuracy of Explicit Finite-Volume Schemes for Fluctuating Hydrodynamics  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This paper describes the development and analysis of finite-volume methods for the Landau-Lifshitz Navier-Stokes (LLNS) equations and related stochastic partial differential equations in fluid dynamics. The LLNS equations incorporate thermal fluctuations into macroscopic hydrodynamics by the addition of white-noise fluxes whose magnitudes are set by a fluctuation-dissipation relation. Originally derived for equilibrium fluctuations, the LLNS equations have also been shown to be accurate for non-equilibrium systems. Previous studies of numerical methods for the LLNS equations focused primarily on measuring variances and correlations computed at equilibrium and for selected non-equilibrium flows. In this paper, we introduce a more systematic approach based on studying discrete equilibrium structure factors for a broad class of explicit linear finite-volume schemes. This new approach provides a better characterization of the accuracy of a spatio-temporal discretization as a function of wavenumber and frequency, ...

Donev, A; Garca, A L; Bell, J B

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

318

Galactic scale gas flows in colliding galaxies: 3-Dimensional, N-body/hydrodynamics experiments  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Galactic Scale Gas Flows in Colliding Galaxies: Galactic Scale Gas Flows in Colliding Galaxies: a-Dimensional, N-bodyjHydrodynamics Experiments Susan A. Lamb* NORDITA and Neils Bohr Institute, Blegdamsvej 17, DK-2100, Kpbenhaven 0, Danmark. Richard A. Gerber University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, Departments of Physics and Astronomy, 1110 W. Green Street, Urbana, IL 61801, U.S.A. and Dinshaw S. Balsara t Johns Hopkins University, Department of Physics and Astronomy, Homewood Campu.s, Baltimore, MD 21218, U.S.A. Abstract. We present some result.s from three dimensional computer simulations of collisions between models of equal mass gaJaxies, one of which is a rotating, disk galaxy containing both gas and stars and the other is an elliptical contaiuing stars only. We use fully self consistent models in which the

319

Hydrodynamic Optimization Method and Design Code for Stall-Regulated Hydrokinetic Turbine Rotors  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

5021 5021 August 2009 Hydrodynamic Optimization Method and Design Code for Stall-Regulated Hydrokinetic Turbine Rotors D. Sale University of Tennessee J. Jonkman and W. Musial National Renewable Energy Laboratory Presented at the ASME 28 th International Conference on Ocean, Offshore, and Arctic Engineering Honolulu, Hawaii May 31-June 5, 2009 NOTICE The submitted manuscript has been offered by an employee of the Alliance for Sustainable Energy, LLC (ASE), a contractor of the US Government under Contract No. DE-AC36-08-GO28308. Accordingly, the US Government and ASE retain a nonexclusive royalty-free license to publish or reproduce the published form of this contribution, or allow others to do so, for US Government purposes. This report was prepared as an account of work sponsored by an agency of the United States government.

320

Electro-hydrodynamics of binary electrolytes driven by modulated surface potentials  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We study the electro-hydrodynamics of the Debye screening layer that arises in an aqueous binary solution near a planar insulating wall when applying a spatially modulated AC-voltage. Combining this with first order perturbation theory we establish the governing equations for the full non-equilibrium problem and obtain analytic solutions in the bulk for the pressure and velocity fields of the electrolyte and for the electric potential. We find good agreement between the numerics of the full problem and the analytics of the linear theory. Our work provides the theoretical foundations of circuit models discussed in the literature. The non-equilibrium approach also reveals unexpected high-frequency dynamics not predicted by circuit models.

N. A. Mortensen; L. H. Olesen; L. Belmon; H. Bruus

2004-07-07T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "diego scripps hydrodynamic" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


321

Pore-scale modeling of immiscible and miscible fluid flows using smoothed particle hydrodynamics  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A numerical model based on smoothed particle hydrodynamics (SPH) was developed and used to simulate immiscible and miscible fluid flows in porous media and to study effects of porous scale heterogeneity and anisotropy on such flows. Models for heterogeneous porous media were generated by using randomly located non-intersecting circular grains of different sizes, and pore scale anisotropy was introduced by randomly inserting non-overlapping particles on either side of the gap between two self-affine fractal curves to create a microfracture. . Different fluid wetting behaviors and surface tensions were modeled using pairwise particle-particle interactions. Particles with different masses and viscosities were used to model multiphase flow. In simulations of miscible fluid flow, particles with variable, composition dependent, masses and viscosities were used. Artificial surface tension effects were avoided by basing the SPH equations on the particle number density.

Tartakovsky, Alexandre M.; Meakin, Paul

2006-10-31T23:59:59.000Z

322

The Quantum State of Classical Matter II: Thermodynamic Equilibrium and Hydrodynamics  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In the previous companion paper, we proposed a subclass of wavefunctions to describe macroscopic solids that resolved and extended the theory quantum measurement and gave a more specific treatment of quasiparticles. Here we extend these notions to thermalization of solids and gases and to gas state hydrodynamics. This gives a modification of the thermodynamic limit to justify the canonical averages for "typical wavefunctions" without the use of ensembles. The energetic cost of vorticity is contrasted in the classical and ultracold gas limits. From this perspective, we then examine the applicability of thermo and hydro to ultracold gases and compare with the implications of pure state evolution. We illustrate how the proposed quantum limits on viscosity could be reinterpreted in terms of Schr\\"{o}dinger induced evolution of the one-body density function but some history dependent measurable properties should still persist.

Clifford E Chafin

2013-09-04T23:59:59.000Z

323

An efficient approach to unstructured mesh hydrodynamics on the cell broadband engine  

SciTech Connect

Unstructured mesh physics for the Cell Broadband Engine (CBE) has received little or no attention to date, largely because the CBE architecture poses particular challenges for unstructured mesh algorithms. The most common SPU memory management strategies cannot be applied to the irregular memory access patterns of unstructured meshes, and the SPU vector instruction set does not support the indirect addressing needed by connectivity arrays. This paper presents an approach to unstructured mesh physics that addresses these challenges, by creating a new mesh data structure and reorganizing code to give efficient CBE performance. The approach is demonstrated on the FLAG production hydrodynamics code using standard test problems, and results show an average speedup of more than 5x over the original code.

Ferenbaugh, Charles R [Los Alamos National Laboratory

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

324

An efficient approach to unstructured mesh hydrodynamics on the cell broadband engine (u)  

SciTech Connect

Unstructured mesh physics for the Cell Broadband Engine (CBE) has received little or no attention to date, largely because the CBE architecture poses particular challenges for unstructured mesh algorithms. SPU memory management strategies such as data preloading cannot be applied to the irregular memory storage patterns of unstructured meshes; and the SPU vector instruction set does not support the indirect addressing needed by connectivity arrays. This paper presents an approach to unstructured mesh physics that addresses these challenges, by creating a new mesh data structure and reorganizing code to give efficient CBE performance. The approach is demonstrated on the FLAG production hydrodynamics code using standard test problems, and results show an average speedup of more than 5x over the original code.

Ferenbaugh, Charles R [Los Alamos National Laboratory

2010-12-14T23:59:59.000Z

325

3D Radiative Hydrodynamics for Disk Stability Simulations: A Proposed Testing Standard and New Results  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Recent three-dimensional radiative hydrodynamics simulations of protoplanetary disks report disparate disk behaviors, and these differences involve the importance of convection to disk cooling, the dependence of disk cooling on metallicity, and the stability of disks against fragmentation and clump formation. To guarantee trustworthy results, a radiative physics algorithm must demonstrate the capability to handle both the high and low optical depth regimes. We develop a test suite that can be used to demonstrate an algorithm's ability to relax to known analytic flux and temperature distributions, to follow a contracting slab, and to inhibit or permit convection appropriately. We then show that the radiative algorithm employed by Meji\\'a (2004) and Boley et al. (2006) and the algorithm employed by Cai et al. (2006) and Cai et al. (2007, in prep.) pass these tests with reasonable accuracy. In addition, we discuss a new algorithm that couples flux-limited diffusion with vertical rays, we apply the test suite, an...

Boley, Aaron C; Nordlund, Aake; Lord, Jesse

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

326

Nuclear spirals in galaxies: gas response to asymmetric potential. II. Hydrodynamical models  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Nuclear spirals naturally form as a gas response to non-axisymmetry in the galactic potential, even if the degree of this asymmetry is very small. Linear wave theory well describes weak nuclear spirals, but spirals induced by stronger asymmetries in the potential are clearly beyond the linear regime. Hydrodynamical models indicate spiral shocks in this latter case that, depending on how the spiral intersects the x2 orbits, either get damped, leading to the formation of the nuclear ring, or get strengthened, and propagate towards the galaxy centre. Central massive black hole of sufficient mass can allow the spiral shocks to extend all the way to its immediate vicinity, and to generate gas inflow up to 0.03 M_sun/yr, which coincides with the accretion rates needed to power luminous local Active Galactic Nuclei.

Maciejewski, Witold

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

327

Nuclear spirals in galaxies: gas response to asymmetric potential. II. Hydrodynamical models  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Nuclear spirals naturally form as a gas response to non-axisymmetry in the galactic potential, even if the degree of this asymmetry is very small. Linear wave theory well describes weak nuclear spirals, but spirals induced by stronger asymmetries in the potential are clearly beyond the linear regime. Hydrodynamical models indicate spiral shocks in this latter case that, depending on how the spiral intersects the x2 orbits, either get damped, leading to the formation of the nuclear ring, or get strengthened, and propagate towards the galaxy centre. Central massive black hole of sufficient mass can allow the spiral shocks to extend all the way to its immediate vicinity, and to generate gas inflow up to 0.03 M_sun/yr, which coincides with the accretion rates needed to power luminous local Active Galactic Nuclei.

Witold Maciejewski

2004-08-05T23:59:59.000Z

328

Hydrodynamic characterization of slurry bubble-column reactors for Fischer-Tropsch synthesis  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

In the Fischer-Tropsch approach to indirect liquefaction, slurry bubble-column reactors (SBCRs) are used to convert coal syngas into the desired product. Sandia`s program to develop, implement, and apply diagnostics for hydrodynamic characterization of SBCRs at industrially relevant conditions is discussed.Gas-liquid flow experiments are performed in an industrial-scale stainless steel vessel. Gamma-densitometry tomography (GDT) is applied to make spatially resolved gas holdup measurements. Both water and Drakeol 10 with air sparging are examined at ambient and elevated pressures. Gas holdup increases with gas superficial velocity and pressure, and the GDT values are in good agreement with values from differential pressure (DP) measurements.

Jackson, N.B.; Torczynski, J.R.; Shollenberger, K.A.; O`Hern, T.J.; Adkins, D.R.

1996-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

329

WHAM: A WENO-based general relativistic numerical scheme I: Hydrodynamics  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Active galactic nuclei, x-ray binaries, pulsars, and gamma-ray bursts are all believed to be powered by compact objects surrounded by relativistic plasma flows driving phenomena such as accretion, winds, and jets. These flows are often accurately modelled by the relativistic magnetohydrodynamics (MHD) approximation. Time-dependent numerical MHD simulations have proven to be especially insightful, but one regime that remains difficult to simulate is when the energy scales (kinetic, thermal, magnetic) within the plasma become disparate. We develop a numerical scheme that significantly improves the accuracy and robustness of the solution in this regime. We use a modified form of the WENO method to construct a finite-volume general relativistic hydrodynamics code called WHAM that converges at fifth order. We avoid (1) field-by-field decomposition by adaptively reducing down to 2-point stencils near discontinuities for a more accurate treatment of shocks, and (2) excessive reduction to low order stencils, as in th...

Tchekhovskoy, Alexander; Narayan, Ramesh

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

330

Variational description of multi-fluid hydrodynamics: Coupling to gauge fields  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In this work we extend our previously developed formalism of Newtonian multi-fluid hydrodynamics to allow for coupling between the fluids and the electromagnetic and gravitational field. This is achieved within the convective variational principle by using a standard minimal coupling prescription. In addition to the conservation of total energy and momentum, we derive the conservation of canonical vorticity and helicity, which generalize the corresponding conserved quantities of uncharged fluids. We discuss the application of this formalism to electrically conducting systems, magnetohydrodynamics and superconductivity. The equations of electric conductors derived here are more general than those found in the standard description of such systems, in which the effect of entrainment is overlooked, despite the fact that it will generally be present in any conducting multi-constituent system.

Reinhard Prix

2005-03-29T23:59:59.000Z

331

Formation of singularities in solutions to the compressible radiation hydrodynamics equations with vacuum  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We study the Cauchy problem for multi-dimensional compressible radiation hydrodynamics equations with vacuum. First, we present some sufficient conditions on the blow-up of smooth solutions in multi-dimensional space. Then, we obtain the invariance of the support of density for the smooth solutions with compactly supported initial mass density by the property of the system under the vacuum state. Based on the above-mentioned results, we prove that we cannot get a global classical solution, no matter how small the initial data are, as long as the initial mass density is of compact support. Finally, we will see that some of the results that we obtained are still valid for the isentropic flows with degenerate viscosity coefficients as well as 1-D case.

Yachun Li; Shengguo Zhu

2013-09-28T23:59:59.000Z

332

A radiation-hydrodynamics scheme valid from the transport to the diffusion limit  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We present in this paper the numerical treatment of the coupling between hydrodynamics and radiative transfer. The fluid is modeled by classical conservation laws (mass, momentum and energy) and the radiation by the grey moment $M_1$ system. The scheme introduced is able to compute accurate numerical solution over a broad class of regimes from the transport to the diffusive limits. We propose an asymptotic preserving modification of the HLLE scheme in order to treat correctly the diffusion limit. Several numerical results are presented, which show that this approach is robust and have the correct behavior in both the diffusive and free-streaming limits. In the last numerical example we test this approach on a complex physical case by considering the collapse of a gas cloud leading to a proto-stellar structure which, among other features, exhibits very steep opacity gradients.

E. Audit; P. Charrier; J. -P. Chize; B. Dubroca

2002-06-17T23:59:59.000Z

333

Formation of singularities in solutions to ideal hydrodynamics of freely cooling inelastic gases  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We consider solutions to the hyperbolic system of equations of ideal granular hydrodynamics with conserved mass, total energy and finite momentum of inertia and prove that these solutions generically lose the initial smoothness within a finite time in any space dimension $n$ for the adiabatic index $\\gamma \\le 1+\\frac{2}{n}.$ Further, in the one-dimensional case we introduce a solution depending only on the spatial coordinate outside of a ball containing the origin and prove that this solution under rather general assumptions on initial data cannot be global in time too. Then we construct an exact axially symmetric solution with separable time and space variables having a strong singularity in the density component beginning from the initial moment of time, whereas other components of solution are initially continuous.

Olga Rozanova

2011-07-02T23:59:59.000Z

334

Hydrodynamic Optimization Method and Design Code for Stall-Regulated Hydrokinetic Turbine Rotors  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

This report describes the adaptation of a wind turbine performance code for use in the development of a general use design code and optimization method for stall-regulated horizontal-axis hydrokinetic turbine rotors. This rotor optimization code couples a modern genetic algorithm and blade-element momentum performance code in a user-friendly graphical user interface (GUI) that allows for rapid and intuitive design of optimal stall-regulated rotors. This optimization method calculates the optimal chord, twist, and hydrofoil distributions which maximize the hydrodynamic efficiency and ensure that the rotor produces an ideal power curve and avoids cavitation. Optimizing a rotor for maximum efficiency does not necessarily create a turbine with the lowest cost of energy, but maximizing the efficiency is an excellent criterion to use as a first pass in the design process. To test the capabilities of this optimization method, two conceptual rotors were designed which successfully met the design objectives.

Sale, D.; Jonkman, J.; Musial, W.

2009-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

335

OTEC cold water pipe: a survey of available shell analysis computer programs and implications of hydrodynamic loadings  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The design and analysis of the cold water pipe (CWP) is one of the most important technological problems to be solved in the OTEC ocean engineering program. Analytical computer models have to be developed and verified in order to provide an engineering approach for the OTEC CWP with regards to environmental factors such as waves, currents, platform motions, etc., and for various structural configurations and materials such as rigid wall CWP, compliant CWP, stockade CWP, etc. To this end, Analysis and Technology, Inc. has performed a review and evaluation of shell structural analysis computer programs applicable to the design of an OTEC CWP. Included in this evaluation are discussions of the hydrodynamic flow field, structure-fluid interaction and the state-of-the-art analytical procedures for analysis of offshore structures. The analytical procedures which must be incorporated into the design of a CWP are described. A brief review of the state-of-the-art for analysis of offshore structures and the need for a shell analysis for the OTEC CWP are included. A survey of available shell computer programs, both special purpose and general purpose, and discussions of the features of these dynamic shell programs and how the hydrodynamic loads are represented within the computer programs are included. The hydrodynamic loads design criteria for the CWP are described. An assessment of the current state of knowledge for hydrodynamic loads is presented. (WHK)

Pompa, J.A.; Allik, H.; Webman, K.; Spaulding, M.

1979-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

336

Effect of the Coriolis Force on the Hydrodynamics of Colliding Wind Binaries  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Using fully three-dimensional hydrodynamic simulations, we investigate the effect of the Coriolis force on the hydrodynamic and observable properties of colliding wind binary systems. To make the calculations tractable, we assume adiabatic, constant velocity winds. The neglect of radiative driving, gravitational deceleration, and cooling limit the application of our models to real systems. However, these assumptions allow us to isolate the effect of the Coriolis force, and by simplifying the calculations, allow us to use a higher resolution (up to 640^3) and to conduct a larger survey of parameter space. We study the dynamics of collidng winds with equal mass loss rates and velocities emanating from equal mass stars on circular orbits, with a range of values for the ratio of the wind to orbital velocity. We also study the dynamics of winds from stars on elliptical orbits and with unequal strength winds. Orbital motion of the stars sweeps the shocked wind gas into an Archimedean spiral, with asymmetric shock strengths and therefore unequal postshock temperatures and densities in the leading and trailing edges of the spiral. We observe the Kelvin-Helmholtz instability at the contact surface between the shocked winds in systems with orbital motion even when the winds are identical. The change in shock strengths caused by orbital motion increases the volume of X-ray emitting post-shock gas with T > 0.59 keV by 63% for a typical system as the ratio of wind velocity to orbital velocity decreases to V_w/V_o = 2.5. This causes increased free-free emission from systems with shorter orbital periods and an altered time-dependence of the wind attenuation. We comment on the importance of the effects of orbital motion on the observable properties of colliding wind binaries.

M. Nicole Lemaster; James M. Stone; Thomas A. Gardiner

2007-02-16T23:59:59.000Z

337

A Rigid-Field Hydrodynamics approach to modeling the magnetospheres of massive stars  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We introduce a new Rigid-Field Hydrodynamics approach to modeling the magnetospheres of massive stars in the limit of very-strong magnetic fields. Treating the field lines as effectively rigid, we develop hydrodynamical equations describing the 1-dimensional flow along each, subject to pressure, radiative, gravitational, and centrifugal forces. We solve these equations numerically for a large ensemble of field lines, to build up a 3-dimensional time-dependent simulation of a model star with parameters similar to the archetypal Bp star sigma Ori E. Since the flow along each field line can be solved for independently of other field lines, the computational cost of this approach is a fraction of an equivalent magnetohydrodynamical treatment. The simulations confirm many of the predictions of previous analytical and numerical studies. Collisions between wind streams from opposing magnetic hemispheres lead to strong shock heating. The post-shock plasma cools initially via X-ray emission, and eventually accumulates into a warped, rigidly rotating disk defined by the locus of minima of the effective (gravitational plus centrifugal) potential. But a number of novel results also emerge. For field lines extending far from the star, the rapid area divergence enhances the radiative acceleration of the wind, resulting in high shock velocities (up to ~3,000 km/s) and hard X-rays. Moreover, the release of centrifugal potential energy continues to heat the wind plasma after the shocks, up to temperatures around twice those achieved at the shocks themselves. Finally, in some circumstances the cool plasma in the accumulating disk can oscillate about its equilibrium position, possibly due to radiative cooling instabilities in the adjacent post-shock regions.

R. H. D. Townsend; S. P. Owocki; A. ud-Doula

2007-09-05T23:59:59.000Z

338

Laser-Driven Hydrodynamic Experiments in the Turbulent Plasma Regime: from OMEGA to NIF  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

There is a great deal of interest in studying the evolution of hydrodynamic phenomena in high energy density plasmas that have transitioned beyond the initial phases of instability into a fully developed turbulent state. Motivation for this study arises both in fusion plasmas as well as in numerous astrophysical applications where the understanding of turbulent mixing is essential. Double-shell ignition targets, for example, are subject to large growth of short wavelength perturbations on both surfaces of the high-Z inner shell. These perturbations, initiated by Richtmyer-Meshkov and Rayleigh-Taylor instabilities, can transition to a turbulent state and will lead to deleterious mixing of the cooler shell material with the hot burning fuel. In astrophysical plasmas, due to the extremely large scale, turbulent hydrodynamic mixing is also of widespread interest. The radial mixing that occurs in the explosion phase of core-collapse supernovae is an example that has received much attention in recent years and yet remains only poorly understood. In all of these cases, numerical simulation of the flow field is very difficult due to the large Reynolds number and corresponding wide range of spatial scales characterizing the plasma. Laboratory experiments on high energy density facilities that can access this regime are therefore of great interest. Experiments exploring the transition to turbulence that are currently being conducted on the Omega laser will be described. We will also discuss experiments being planned for the initial commissioning phases of the NIF as well as the enhanced experimental parameter space that will become available, as additional quads are made operational.

Robey, H F; Miles, A R; Hansen, J F; Blue, B E; Drake, R P

2003-08-25T23:59:59.000Z

339

Formation of Nuclear Disks and Supermassive Black Hole Binaries in Multi-Scale Hydrodynamical Galaxy Mergers  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

(Abridged) We review the results of the first multi-scale, hydrodynamical simulations of mergers between galaxies with central supermassive black holes (SMBHs) to investigate the formation of SMBH binaries in galactic nuclei. We demonstrate that strong gas inflows produce nuclear disks at the centers of merger remnants whose properties depend sensitively on the details of gas thermodynamics. In numerical simulations with parsec-scale spatial resolution in the gas component and an effective equation of state appropriate for a starburst galaxy, we show that a SMBH binary forms very rapidly, less than a million years after the merger of the two galaxies. Binary formation is significantly suppressed in the presence of a strong heating source such as radiative feedback by the accreting SMBHs. We also present preliminary results of numerical simulations with ultra-high spatial resolution of 0.1 pc in the gas component. These simulations resolve the internal structure of the resulting nuclear disk down to parsec scales and demonstrate the formation of a central massive object (~ 10^8 Mo) by efficient angular momentum transport. This is the first time that a radial gas inflow is shown to extend to parsec scales as a result of the dynamics and hydrodynamics involved in a galaxy merger, and has important implications for the fueling of SMBHs. Due to the rapid formation of the central clump, the density of the nuclear disk decreases significantly in its outer region, reducing dramatically the effect of dynamical friction and leading to the stalling of the two SMBHs at a separation of ~1 pc. We discuss how the orbital decay of the black holes might continue in a more realistic model which incorporates star formation and the multi-phase nature of the ISM.

Lucio Mayer; Stelios Kazantzidis; Andres Escala

2008-07-22T23:59:59.000Z

340

Geothermal Developments at San Diego Gas & Electric  

SciTech Connect

In 1972, the first well flow tests were conducted by NARCO and Magma Power to determine reservoir characteristics such as mass flow, temperature, stability, and mineral content of geothermal brine from the exploration wells. The results of these tests were encouraging. Brine temperatures were relatively hot, and salinity was less than previously experienced. Results were sufficient to justify further testing of the process design to determine an appropriate energy conversion cycle for a power plant. Both the flash cycle and binary cycle were considered. In the binary cycle, geothermal heat is transferred from hot brine to a secondary working fluid by means of heat exchangers. The heated secondary fluid expands to drive a turbine-generator. The flash cycle was rejected because the high measured noncondensible gas content of the brines seriously reduced the cycle efficiency. The reduced salinity was expected to result in reduced scaling characteristics. For these reasons the binary cycle was selected for initial design and field testing. In 1973, a series of field tests was conducted to support the design of the binary conversion cycle. Unfortunately, a rapid decline in heat exchanger performance resulting from scaling demonstrated a need to reevaluate the cycle design. A flash/binary process was chosen as the basis for facility design modifications and additional field testing. Design modifications were to use as much of the original design as possible in order to minimize cost. In March of 1974, SDG&E resumed field testing at Niland using reduced size models of the new flash/binary design. The 1974 test program confirmed the decision to modify the design, construction, and operation of the GLEF in a four-stage, flash/binary cycle configuration. In May of 1975, the design was completed and construction of the GLEF began. Startup operations were initiated and in June 1976 the facility was dedicated. In the fall of 1976 while debugging and initial operation was being accomplished, a test program was developed to provide additional basic information necessary for the design of a commercial flash/binary geothermal plant. The primary objective of the program was to develop binary heat exchanger heat design data under a variety of conditions.

Anastas, George; Hoaglin, Gregory J.

1980-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "diego scripps hydrodynamic" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
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341

Nemko USA, Inc. - San Diego EMC Division  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... compatibility -- Part 3-1: Rolling stock - Train and complete vehicle. ... for surface-cleaning appliances for household use employing liquids or steam. ...

2013-07-19T23:59:59.000Z

342

welcome to our uc san diego  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

to be imported that may have different compositions. CE-CERT tested compressed natural gas (CNG) and liquefied ratios. In the summer of 2011, CE-CERT tested three more heavy-duty vehicles (two buses and a refuse-containing refuse from landfills. Described below is a summary of major research efforts underway in 2011

Schurgers, Curt

343

Building Momentum UC San Diego Foundation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

investment vehicle for the Foundation's endowed contributions. The Short-Term Invest- ment Pool (STIP), which. The Foundation's investment in the university's STIP and HIP is considered to be an investment in an external

Russell, Lynn

344

Hewlett Packard, Product Test Lab, San Diego  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... [12/ES1a1] Power Supply Efficiency Generalized Test Protocol for Calculating the Energy ... [12/VCCId] Agreement of VCCI V-3 (2008.04) Agreement ...

2013-07-19T23:59:59.000Z

345

Sustainability at UC San Diego FOR CALIFORNIA  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Exchange.! 5 #12;Campus Quick Facts Campus Quick Facts 6 ! ! UCSD uses natural gas to fuel its power plant May Inhibit UCSD's Growth Energy Intensive Research University Campus Growth Unfunded Mandates and New

Wang, Deli

346

Nemko USA, Inc. - San Diego EMC Division  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... [12/50121cc] EN 50121-3-2 (2006) Railway applications - Electromagnetic compatibility -- Part 3-2: Rolling stock - Apparatus. ...

2013-09-20T23:59:59.000Z

347

Frequency-dependent hydrodynamic inductance and the determination of the thermal and quantum noise of a superfluid gyroscope  

SciTech Connect

We reexamine mass flow in a superfluid gyroscope containing a superfluid Josephson weak link. We introduce a frequency-dependent hydrodynamic inductance to account for an oscillatory flow of the normal fluid component in the sensing loop. With this hydrodynamic inductance, we derive the thermal phase noise, and hence the thermal rotational noise of the gyroscope. We examine the thermodynamic stability of the system based on an analysis of the free energy. We derive a quantum phase noise, which is analogous to the zero-point motion of a simple harmonic oscillator. The configuration of the studied gyroscope is analogous to a conventional superconducting RF SQUID. We show that the gyroscope has very low intrinsic noise (1.9x10{sup -13} rad s{sup -1}/{radical}(Hz)), and it can potentially be applied to study general relativity, Earth science, and to improve global positioning systems (GPS)

Chui, Talso; Penanen, Konstantin [Jet Propulsion Laboratory, California Institute of Technology, Pasadena, California 91109 (United States)

2005-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

348

Radiation Hydrodynamics in Kerr Spacetime: Equations without Coordinate Singularity at the Event Horizon  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Equations of fully general relativistic radiation hydrodynamics around a rotating black hole are derived by using the Kerr-Schild coordinate where there is no coordinate singularity at the event horizon. Since the radiation interacts with matter moving with relativistic velocities near the event horizon, the interplay between the radiation and the matter should be described fully relativistically. In the formalism used in this study, while the interactions between matter and radiation are introduced in the comoving frame, the equations and the equations and the derivatives for the description of the global evolution of both matter and the radiation are given in the Kerr-Schild frame (KSF) which is a frame fixed to the coordinate describing the central black hole. As a frame fixed to the coordinate, we use the locally non-rotating reference frame (LNRF) representing a radially falling frame when the Kerr-Schild coordinate is used. Around the rotating black hole, both the matter and the radiation are affected by the frame-dragging effects.

Rohta Takahashi

2007-10-18T23:59:59.000Z

349

Smoothed particle hydrodynamics model of non-aqueous phase liquid flow and dissolution  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A smoothed particle hydrodynamics model was developed to simulate the flow of mixtures of aqueous and non-aqueous phase liquids in porous media and the dissolution of the non-aqueous phase in the aqueous phase. The model was used to study the effects of pore-scale heterogeneity and anisotropy on the steady state dense non-aqueous phase liquid (DNAPL) saturation when gravity driven DNAPL displaces water from initially water saturated porous media. Pore-scale anisotropy was created by using co-oriented non overlapping elliptically shaped grains to represent the porous media. After a steady state DNAPL saturation was reached, water was injected until a new steady state DNAPL saturation was reached. The amount of trapped DNAPL was found to be greater when DNAPL is displaced in the direction of the major axes of the soil grains than when it is displaced in the direction of the minor axes of the soil grains. The amount of trapped DNAPL was also found to increase with decreasing initial saturation of the continuous DNAPL phase. For the conditions used in our simulations, the saturation of the trapped NAPL with a smaller initial DNAPL saturation was more than 3 times larger than the amount of trapped DNAPL with a larger initial saturation. These simulations were carried out assuming that the DNAPL did not dissolve in water. Simulations including the effect of dissolution of DNAPL in the aqueous phase were also performed, and effective (macroscopic) mass transfer coefficients were determined.

Tartakovsky, Alexandre M.; Meakin, Paul; Ward, Anderson L.

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

350

Hydrodynamic models for slurry bubble column reactors. Sixth technical progress report  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The objective of this investigation is to convert the gas-solid-liquid fluidization model into a predictive design model. The IIT hydrodynamic model computes the phase velocities and the volume fractions of gas, liquid and particulate phases. Model verification involves a comparison of these computed velocities and volume fractions to experimental values. This report presents measurements of granular temperature of Air Products catalyst. The report is in the form of a preliminary paper, entitled ``Dynamics of Liquid-Solid Fluidized Beds with Small Catalyst Particles.`` The principal results are as follows: (1) For the liquid-solid system the granular temperature is much smaller than for a corresponding gas-solid system. This may be due to the larger viscosity of the liquid in comparison to air. (2) The collisional viscosity of the catalyst is correspondingly much smaller than that of catalyst particles in the air. (3) The dominant frequency of density oscillations is near two Hertz, as expected for a gas-solid fluidized bed. There exists a link between this low frequency and the high frequency of catalyst particle oscillations. The Air Products fluidized bed reactor is designed to produce methanol and synthetic fuels from synthesis gas.

Gidaspow, D.

1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

351

Smolt Responses to Hydrodynamic Conditions in Forebay Flow Nets of Surface Flow Outlets, 2007  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

This study provides information on juvenile salmonid behaviors at McNary and The Dalles dams that can be used by the USACE, fisheries resource managers, and others to support decisions on long-term measures to enhance fish passage. We researched smolt movements and ambient hydrodynamic conditions using a new approach combining simultaneous acoustic Doppler current profiler (ADCP) and acoustic imaging device (AID) measurements at surface flow outlets (SFO) at McNary and The Dalles dams on the Columbia River during spring and summer 2007. Because swimming effort vectors could be computed from the simultaneous fish and flow data, fish behavior could be categorized as passive, swimming against the flow (positively rheotactic), and swimming with the flow (negatively rheotactic). We present bivariate relationships to provide insight into fish responses to particular hydraulic variables that engineers might consider during SFO design. The data indicate potential for this empirical approach of simultaneous water/fish measurements to lead to SFO design guidelines in the future.

Johnson, Gary E.; Richmond, Marshall C.; Hedgepeth, J. B.; Ploskey, Gene R.; Anderson, Michael G.; Deng, Zhiqun; Khan, Fenton; Mueller, Robert P.; Rakowski, Cynthia L.; Sather, Nichole K.; Serkowski, John A.; Steinbeck, John R.

2009-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

352

Accretion of low angular momentum material onto black holes: 2D hydrodynamical inviscid case  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We report on the first phase of our study of slightly rotating accretion flows onto black holes. We consider inviscid accretion flows with a spherically symmetric density distribution at the outer boundary, but with spherical symmetry broken by the introduction of a small, latitude-dependent angular momentum. We study accretion flows by means of numerical 2D, axisymmetric, hydrodynamical simulations. Our main result is that the properties of the accretion flow do not depend as much on the outer boundary conditions (i.e., the amount as well as distribution of the angular momentum) as on the geometry of the non-accreting matter. The material that has too much angular momentum to be accreted forms a thick torus near the equator. Consequently, the geometry of the polar region, where material is accreted (the funnel), and the mass accretion rate through it are constrained by the size and shape of the torus. Our results show one way in which the mass accretion rate of slightly rotating gas can be significantly reduced compared to the accretion of non-rotating gas (i.e., the Bondi rate), and set the stage for calculations that will take into account the transport of angular momentum and energy.

D. Proga; M. C. Begelman

2002-08-28T23:59:59.000Z

353

Three-dimensional hydrodynamic simulations of the combustion of a neutron star into a quark star  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We present three-dimensional numerical simulations of turbulent combustion converting a neutron star into a quark star. Hadronic matter, described by a microphysical finite-temperature equation of state, is converted into strange quark matter. We assume this phase, represented by a bag-model equation of state, to be absolutely stable. Following the example of thermonuclear burning in white dwarfs leading to type Ia supernovae, we treat the conversion process as a potentially turbulent deflagration. Solving the nonrelativistic Euler equations using established numerical methods we conduct large eddy simulations including an elaborate subgrid scale model, while the propagation of the conversion front is modeled with a level-set method. Our results show that for large parts of the parameter space the conversion becomes turbulent and therefore significantly faster than in the laminar case. Despite assuming absolutely stable strange quark matter, in our hydrodynamic approximation an outer layer remains in the hadronic phase, because the conversion front stops when it reaches conditions under which the combustion is no longer exothermic.

Herzog, Matthias; Roepke, Friedrich K. [Max-Planck-Institut fuer Astrophysik, Karl-Schwarzschild-Str. 1, D-85741 Garching (Germany); Institut fuer Theoretische Physik und Astrophysik, Universitaet Wuerzburg, Emil-Fischer-Str. 31, D-97074 Wuerzburg (Germany)

2011-10-15T23:59:59.000Z

354

Radiation hydrodynamics with Adaptive Mesh Refinement and application to prestellar core collapse. I Methods  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Radiative transfer has a strong impact on the collapse and the fragmentation of prestellar dense cores. We present the radiation-hydrodynamics solver we designed for the RAMSES code. The method is designed for astrophysical purposes, and in particular for protostellar collapse. We present the solver, using the co-moving frame to evaluate the radiative quantities. We use the popular flux limited diffusion approximation, under the grey approximation (one group of photon). The solver is based on the second-order Godunov scheme of RAMSES for its hyperbolic part, and on an implicit scheme for the radiation diffusion and the coupling between radiation and matter. We report in details our methodology to integrate the RHD solver into RAMSES. We test successfully the method against several conventional tests. For validation in 3D, we perform calculations of the collapse of an isolated 1 M_sun prestellar dense core, without rotation. We compare successfully the results with previous studies using different models for r...

Commercon, Benoit; Audit, Edouard; Hennebelle, Patrick; Chabrier, Gilles

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

355

A Two-Dimensional MagnetoHydrodynamics Scheme for General Unstructured Grids  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We report a new finite-difference scheme for two-dimensional magnetohydrodynamics (MHD) simulations, with and without rotation, in unstructured grids with quadrilateral cells. The new scheme is implemented within the code VULCAN/2D, which already includes radiation-hydrodynamics in various approximations and can be used with arbitrarily moving meshes (ALE). The MHD scheme, which consists of cell-centered magnetic field variables, preserves the nodal finite difference representation of $div(\\bB)$ by construction, and therefore any initially divergence-free field remains divergence-free through the simulation. In this paper, we describe the new scheme in detail and present comparisons of VULCAN/2D results with those of the code ZEUS/2D for several one-dimensional and two-dimensional test problems. The code now enables two-dimensional simulations of the collapse and explosion of the rotating, magnetic cores of massive stars. Moreover, it can be used to simulate the very wide variety of astrophysical problems for which multi-D radiation-magnetohydrodynamics (RMHD) is relevant.

Eli Livne; Luc Dessart; Adam Burrows; Casey A. Meakin

2007-02-18T23:59:59.000Z

356

Scaling relations and mass bias in hydrodynamical f(R) gravity simulations of galaxy clusters  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We investigate the impact of chameleon-type f(R) gravity models on the properties of galaxy clusters and groups. Our f(R) simulations follow for the first time also the hydrodynamics of the intracluster and intragroup medium. This allows us to assess how f(R) gravity alters the X-ray scaling relations of clusters and how hydrostatic and dynamical mass estimates are biased when modifications of gravity are ignored in their determination. We find that velocity dispersions and intracluster medium temperatures are both increased by up to 1/3 in f(R) gravity in low-mass halos, while the difference disappears in massive objects. The mass scale of the transition depends on the background value f_R0 of the scalar degree of freedom. These changes in temperature and velocity dispersion alter the mass-temperature and X-ray luminosity-temperature scaling relations and bias dynamical and hydrostatic mass estimates that do not explicitly account for modified gravity towards higher values. Recently, a relative enhancement o...

,

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

357

Trans-Planckian physics and signature change events in Bose gas hydrodynamics  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We present an example of emergent spacetime as the hydrodynamic limit of a more fundamental microscopic theory. The low-energy, long-wavelength limit in our model is dominated by collective variables that generate an effective Lorentzian metric. This system naturally exhibits a microscopic mechanism allowing us to perform controlled signature change between Lorentzian and Riemannian geometries. We calculate the number of particles produced from a finite-duration Euclidean-signature event, where we take the position that to a good approximation the dynamics is dominated by the evolution of the linearized perturbations, as suggested by Calzetta and Hu [Phys. Rev. A 68 (2003) 043625]. We adapt the ideas presented by Dray et al. [Gen. Rel. Grav. 23 (1991) 967], such that the field and its canonical momentum are continuous at the signature-change event. We investigate the interplay between the underlying microscopic structure and the emergent gravitational field, focussing on its impact on particle production in the ultraviolet regime. In general, this can be thought of as the combination of trans-Planckian physics and signature-change physics. Further we investigate the possibility of using the proposed signature change event as an amplifier for analogue "cosmological particle production" in condensed matter experiments.

Silke Weinfurtner; Angela White; Matt Visser

2007-03-23T23:59:59.000Z

358

WHAM: A WENO-based general relativistic numerical scheme I: Hydrodynamics  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Active galactic nuclei, x-ray binaries, pulsars, and gamma-ray bursts are all believed to be powered by compact objects surrounded by relativistic plasma flows driving phenomena such as accretion, winds, and jets. These flows are often accurately modelled by the relativistic magnetohydrodynamics (MHD) approximation. Time-dependent numerical MHD simulations have proven to be especially insightful, but one regime that remains difficult to simulate is when the energy scales (kinetic, thermal, magnetic) within the plasma become disparate. We develop a numerical scheme that significantly improves the accuracy and robustness of the solution in this regime. We use a modified form of the WENO method to construct a finite-volume general relativistic hydrodynamics code called WHAM that converges at fifth order. We avoid (1) field-by-field decomposition by adaptively reducing down to 2-point stencils near discontinuities for a more accurate treatment of shocks, and (2) excessive reduction to low order stencils, as in the standard WENO formalism, by maintaining high order accuracy in smooth monotonic flows. Our scheme performs the proper surface integral of the fluxes, converts cell averaged conserved quantities to point conserved quantities before performing the reconstruction step, and correctly averages all source terms. We demonstrate that the scheme is robust in strong shocks, very accurate in smooth flows, and maintains accuracy even when the energy scales in the flow are highly disparate.

Alexander Tchekhovskoy; Jonathan C. McKinney; Ramesh Narayan

2007-04-20T23:59:59.000Z

359

Directionally Unsplit Hydrodynamic Schemes with Hybrid MPI/OpenMP/GPU Parallelization in AMR  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We present the implementation and performance of a class of directionally unsplit Riemann-solver-based hydrodynamic schemes on Graphic Processing Units (GPU). These schemes, including the MUSCL-Hancock method, a variant of the MUSCL-Hancock method, and the corner-transport-upwind method, are embedded into the adaptive-mesh-refinement (AMR) code GAMER. Furthermore, a hybrid MPI/OpenMP model is investigated, which enables the full exploitation of the computing power in a heterogeneous CPU/GPU cluster and significantly improves the overall performance. Performance benchmarks are conducted on the Dirac GPU cluster at NERSC/LBNL using up to 32 Tesla C2050 GPUs. A single GPU achieves speed-ups of 101(25) and 84(22) for uniform-mesh and AMR simulations, respectively, as compared with the performance using one(four) CPU core(s), and the excellent performance persists in multi-GPU tests. In addition, we make a direct comparison between GAMER and the widely-adopted CPU code Athena (Stone et al. 2008) in adiabatic hydro...

Schive, Hsi-Yu; Chiueh, Tzihong

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

360

A Two-moment Radiation Hydrodynamics Module in Athena Using a Time-explicit Godunov Method  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We describe a module for the Athena code that solves the gray equations of radiation hydrodynamics (RHD), based on the first two moments of the radiative transfer equation. We use a combination of explicit Godunov methods to advance the gas and radiation variables including the non-stiff source terms, and a local implicit method to integrate the stiff source terms. We adopt the M1 closure relation and include all leading source terms. We employ the reduced speed of light approximation (RSLA) with subcycling of the radiation variables in order to reduce computational costs. Our code is dimensionally unsplit in one, two, and three space dimensions and is parallelized using MPI. The streaming and diffusion limits are well-described by the M1 closure model, and our implementation shows excellent behavior for a problem with a concentrated radiation source containing both regimes simultaneously. Our operator-split method is ideally suited for problems with a slowly varying radiation field and dynamical gas flows, i...

Skinner, M Aaron

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

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361

Salinity and hydrodynamics of the Holocene and upper Pleistocene beneath the Louisiana wetlands from electrical measurements  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A conceptual hydrodynamic model in the Holocene and upper Pleistocene beneath the Louisiana wetlands is described in terms of safety distributions. Porewater safety is calculated from electrical measurements, including resistivity soundings, electric logs, and electromagnetic profiling. Electrical measurements support the primary, basin-wide groundwater flow model; however, the data also indicate secondary contributions from expulsion of fluids under geopressure along active growth faults and from original waters of deposition. Expulsion of water from growth faults has been described previously for deeper sections of the Pleistocene, but has not been reported for the Holocene or upper Pleistocene beneath the Louisiana wetlands. Porewater chemistry variations beneath the coastal wetlands are a consequence of the following (in order of importance): (1) environment of deposition; (2) a basin-wide, regional flow system; (3) expulsion from deep-seated growth faults; and (4) pore water extrusion due to compaction. Water chemistry in Holocene clays and muds is influenced primarily by the deposition environment In Pleistocene sands, the chemistry is a function of the other three factors.

McGinnis, L.D.; Thompson, M.D.; Kuecher, G.J.; Wilkey, P.L. [Argonne National Lab., IL (United States); Isaacson, H.R. [Gas Research Inst., Chicago, IL (United States)

1995-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

362

Efficient Calculation of Dewatered and Entrapped Areas Using Hydrodynamic Modeling and GIS  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

River waters downstream of a hydroelectric project are often subject to rapidly changing discharge. Abrupt decreases in discharge can quickly dewater and expose some areas and isolate other areas from the main river channel, potentially stranding or entrapping fish, which often results in mortality. A methodology is described to estimate the areas dewatered or entrapped by a specific reduction in upstream discharge. A one-dimensional hydrodynamic model was used to simulate steady flows. Using flow simulation results from the model and a geographic information system (GIS), estimates of dewatered and entrapped areas were made for a wide discharge range. The methodology was applied to the Hanford Reach of the Columbia River in central Washington State. Results showed that a 280 m$^3$/s discharge reduction affected the most area at discharges less than 3400 m$^3$/s. At flows above 3400 m$^3$/s, the affected area by a 280 m$^3$/s discharge reduction (about 25 ha) was relatively constant. A 280 m$^3$/s discharge reduction at lower flows affected about twice as much area. The methodology and resulting area estimates were, at the time of writing, being used to identify discharge regimes, and associated water surface elevations, that might be expected to minimize adverse impacts on juvenile fall chinook salmon (\\emph{Oncorhynchus tshawytscha}) that rear in the shallow near-shore areas in the Hanford Reach.

Richmond, Marshall C.; Perkins, William A.

2009-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

363

RADIATION-HYDRODYNAMIC MODELS OF THE EVOLVING CIRCUMSTELLAR MEDIUM AROUND MASSIVE STARS  

SciTech Connect

We study the evolution of the interstellar and circumstellar media around massive stars (M {>=} 40 M{sub sun}) from the main sequence (MS) through to the Wolf-Rayet (WR) stage by means of radiation-hydrodynamic simulations. We use publicly available stellar evolution models to investigate the different possible structures that can form in the stellar wind bubbles around WR stars. We find significant differences between models with and without stellar rotation, and between models from different authors. More specifically, we find that the main ingredients in the formation of structures in the WR wind bubbles are the duration of the red supergiant (or luminous blue variable) phase, the amount of mass lost, and the wind velocity during this phase, in agreement with previous authors. Thermal conduction is also included in our models. We find that MS bubbles with thermal conduction are slightly smaller, due to extra cooling which reduces the pressure in the hot, shocked bubble, but that thermal conduction does not appear to significantly influence the formation of structures in post-MS bubbles. Finally, we study the predicted X-ray emission from the models and compare our results with observations of the WR bubbles S 308, NGC 6888, and RCW 58. We find that bubbles composed primarily of clumps have reduced X-ray luminosity and very soft spectra, while bubbles with shells correspond more closely to observations.

Toala, J. A.; Arthur, S. J. [Centro de Radioastronomia y Astrofisica, Universidad Nacional Autonoma de Mexico, Campus Morelia, Apartado Postal 3-72, 58090, Morelia, Michoacan (Mexico)

2011-08-20T23:59:59.000Z

364

Coupled hydrodynamic-structural analysis of an integral flowing sodium test loop in the TREAT reactor  

SciTech Connect

A hydrodynamic-structural response analysis of the Mark-IICB loop was performed for the TREAT (Transient Reactor Test Facility) test AX-1. Test AX-1 is intended to provide information concerning the potential for a vapor explosion in an advanced-fueled LMFBR. The test will be conducted in TREAT with unirradiated uranium-carbide fuel pins in the Mark-IICB integral flowing sodium loop. Our analysis addressed the ability of the experimental hardware to maintain its containment integrity during the reference accident postulated for the test. Based on a thermal-hydraulics analysis and assumptions for fuel-coolant interaction in the test section, a pressure pulse of 144 MPa maximum pressure and pulse width of 1.32 ms has been calculated as the reference accident. The response of the test loop to the pressure transient was obtained with the ICEPEL and STRAW codes. Modelling of the test section was completed with STRAW and the remainder of the loop was modelled by ICEPEL.

Zeuch, W.R.; A-Moneim, M.T.

1979-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

365

Hydrodynamic Modeling of Air Blast Propagation from the Humble Redwood Chemical High Explosive Detonations Using GEODYN  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Two-dimensional axisymmetric hydrodynamic models were developed using GEODYN to simulate the propagation of air blasts resulting from a series of high explosive detonations conducted at Kirtland Air Force Base in August and September of 2007. Dubbed Humble Redwood I (HR-1), these near-surface chemical high explosive detonations consisted of seven shots of varying height or depth of burst. Each shot was simulated numerically using GEODYN. An adaptive mesh refinement scheme based on air pressure gradients was employed such that the mesh refinement tracked the advancing shock front where sharp discontinuities existed in the state variables, but allowed the mesh to sufficiently relax behind the shock front for runtime efficiency. Comparisons of overpressure, sound speed, and positive phase impulse from the GEODYN simulations were made to the recorded data taken from each HR-1 shot. Where the detonations occurred above ground or were shallowly buried (no deeper than 1 m), the GEODYN model was able to simulate the sound speeds, peak overpressures, and positive phase impulses to within approximately 1%, 23%, and 6%, respectively, of the actual recorded data, supporting the use of numerical simulation of the air blast as a forensic tool in determining the yield of an otherwise unknown explosion.

Chipman, V D

2011-09-20T23:59:59.000Z

366

Flaring up: radio diagnostics of the kinematic, hydrodynamic and environmental properties of GRBs  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The specific incidence of radio flares appears to be significantly larger than that of the prompt optical emission. This abundance, coupled with the reverse shock interpretation suggests that radio flares add a unique probe on the physics of GRB shocks. Motivated thus, we estimate the strength of the reverse shock expected for bursts in which multi-wavelength observations have allowed the physical parameters of the forward shock to be determined. We use all 6 bursts (980519, 990123, 990510, 991208, 991216, 000418) which are found to be adiabatic and thus predicted to have a strong reverse shock. We aim to constrain the hydrodynamic evolution of the reverse shock and the initial bulk Lorentz factor -- which we found to be between $10^{2}$ and $10^{3}$ and well above the lower limits derived from the requirement that gamma-ray bursts be optically thin to high-energy photons. In half of the cases we improve the description of the early afterglow lightcurves by adding a contribution from the reverse shock. Modelling of this early emission provides the opportunity to investigate the immediate surroundings of the burst. For 991216 and 991208, the expected $1/r^2$ density structure for a stellar wind is not compatible with the early afterglow lightcurves. Considering the radial range relevant to these GRBs, we discuss the conditions under which the inclusion of a wind termination shock may resolve the absence of a $1/r^2$ density profile.

A. M. Soderberg; E. Ramirez-Ruiz

2002-10-23T23:59:59.000Z

367

Dual axis radiographic hydrodynamic test facility. Final environmental impact statement, Volume 2: Public comments and responses  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

On May 12, 1995, the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) issued the draft Dual Axis Radiographic Hydrodynamic Test Facility Environmental Impact Statement (DARHT EIS) for review by the State of New Mexico, Indian Tribes, local governments, other Federal agencies, and the general public. DOE invited comments on the accuracy and adequacy of the draft EIS and any other matters pertaining to their environmental reviews. The formal comment period ran for 45 days, to June 26, 1995, although DOE indicated that late comments would be considered to the extent possible. As part of the public comment process, DOE held two public hearings in Los Alamos and Santa Fe, New Mexico, on May 31 and June 1, 1995. In addition, DOE made the draft classified supplement to the DARHT EIS available for review by appropriately cleared individuals with a need to know the classified information. Reviewers of the classified material included the State of New Mexico, the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, the Department of Defense, and certain Indian Tribes. Volume 2 of the final DARHT EIS contains three chapters. Chapter 1 includes a collective summary of the comments received and DOE`s response. Chapter 2 contains the full text of the public comments on the draft DARHT EIS received by DOE. Chapter 3 contains DOE`s responses to the public comments and an indication as to how the comments were considered in the final EIS.

NONE

1995-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

368

Evolution of M82-like starburst winds revisited: 3D radiative cooling hydrodynamical simulations  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In this study we present three-dimensional radiative cooling hydrodynamical simulations of galactic winds generated particularly in M82-like starburst galaxies. We have considered intermittent winds induced by SNe explosions within super star clusters randomly distributed in the central region of the galaxy and were able to reproduce the observed M82 wind conditions with its complex morphological outflow structure. We have found that the environmental conditions in the disk in nearly recent past are crucial to determine whether the wind will develop a large scale rich filamentary structure, as in M82 wind, or not. Also, the numerical evolution of the SN ejecta have allowed us to obtain the abundance distribution over the first 3 kpc extension of the wind and we have found that the SNe explosions change significantly the metallicity only of the hot, low-density wind component. Moreover, we have found that the SN-driven wind transports to outside the disk large amounts of energy, momentum and gas, but the more ...

Melioli, C; Geraissate, F

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

369

Hydrodynamic interactions and Brownian forces in colloidal suspensions: Coarse-graining over time and length-scales  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We describe in detail how to implement a coarse-grained hybrid Molecular Dynamics and Stochastic Rotation Dynamics simulation technique that captures the combined effects of Brownian and hydrodynamic forces in colloidal suspensions. The importance of carefully tuning the simulation parameters to correctly resolve the multiple time and length-scales of this problem is emphasized. We systematically analyze how our coarse-graining scheme resolves dimensionless hydrodynamic numbers such as the Reynolds number, the Schmidt number, the Mach number, the Knudsen number, and the Peclet number. The many Brownian and hydrodynamic time-scales can be telescoped together to maximize computational efficiency while still correctly resolving the physically relevant physical processes. We also show how to control a number of numerical artifacts, such as finite size effects and solvent induced attractive depletion interactions. When all these considerations are properly taken into account, the measured colloidal velocity auto-correlation functions and related self diffusion and friction coefficients compare quantitatively with theoretical calculations. By contrast, these calculations demonstrate that, notwithstanding its seductive simplicity, the basic Langevin equation does a remarkably poor job of capturing the decay rate of the velocity auto-correlation function in the colloidal regime, strongly underestimating it at short times and strongly overestimating it at long times. Finally, we discuss in detail how to map the parameters of our method onto physical systems, and from this extract more general lessons that may be relevant for other coarse-graining schemes such as Lattice Boltzmann or Dissipative Particle Dynamics.

J. T. Padding; A. A. Louis

2006-03-14T23:59:59.000Z

370

Hydrodynamic Simulation of a nano-flare heated multi-strand solar atmospheric loop  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

There is a growing body of evidence that the plasma loops seen with current instrumentation (SOHO, TRACE and Hinode) may consist of many sub-resolution elements or strands. Thus, the overall plasma evolution we observe in these features could be the cumulative result of numerous individual strands undergoing sporadic heating. This paper presents a short (10^9 cm ~ 10 Mm) ``global loop'' as 125 individual strands where each strand is modelled independently by a one-dimensional hydrodynamic simulation. The energy release mechanism across the strands consists of localised, discrete heating events (nano-flares). The strands are ``coupled'' together through the frequency distribution of the total energy input to the loop which follows a power law distribution with index alpha. The location and lifetime of each energy event occurring is random. Although a typical strand can go through a series of well-defined heating/cooling cycles, when the strands are combined, the overall quasi-static emission measure weighted thermal profile for the global loop reproduces a hot apex/cool base structure. Localised cool plasma blobs are seen to travel along individual strands which could cause the loop to `disappear' from coronal emission and appear in transition or chromospheric ones. As alpha increases (from 0 to 2.29 to 3.29), more weight is given to the smallest heating episodes. Consequently, the overall global loop apex temperature increases while the variation of the temperature around that value decreases. Any further increase in alpha saturates the loop apex temperature variations at the current simulation resolution. The effect of increasing the number of strands and the loop length as well as the implications of these results upon possible future observing campaigns for TRACE and Hinode are discussed.

Aveek Sarkar; Robert W Walsh

2008-04-18T23:59:59.000Z

371

Hydrodynamic Models of Type I X-Ray Bursts: Metallicity Effects  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Type I X-ray bursts are thermonuclear stellar explosions driven by charged-particle reactions. In the regime for combined H/He-ignition, the main nuclear flow is dominated by the rp-process (rapid proton-captures and beta+ decays), the 3 alpha-reaction, and the alpha-p-process (a suite of (alpha,p) and (p,gamma) reactions). The main flow is expected to proceed away from the valley of stability, eventually reaching the proton drip-line beyond A = 38. Detailed analysis of the relevant reactions along the main path has only been scarcely addressed, mainly in the context of parameterized one-zone models. In this paper, we present a detailed study of the nucleosynthesis and nuclear processes powering type I X-ray bursts. The reported 11 bursts have been computed by means of a spherically symmetric (1D), Lagrangian, hydrodynamic code, linked to a nuclear reaction network that contains 325 isotopes (from 1H to 107Te), and 1392 nuclear processes. These evolutionary sequences, followed from the onset of accretion up to the explosion and expansion stages, have been performed for 2 different metallicities to explore the dependence between the extension of the main nuclear flow and the initial metal content. We carefully analyze the dominant reactions and the products of nucleosynthesis, together with the the physical parameters that determine the light curve (including recurrence times, ratios between persistent and burst luminosities, or the extent of the envelope expansion). Results are in qualitative agreement with the observed properties of some well-studied bursting sources. Leakage from the predicted SbSnTe-cycle cannot be discarded in some of our models. Production of 12C (and implications for the mechanism that powers superbursts), light p-nuclei, and the amount of H left over after the bursting episodes will also be discussed.

Jordi Jose; Fermin Moreno; Anuj Parikh; Christian Iliadis

2010-05-26T23:59:59.000Z

372

On the Accuracy of Finite-Volume Schemes for Fluctuating Hydrodynamics  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This paper describes the development and analysis of finite-volume methods for the Landau-Lifshitz Navier-Stokes (LLNS) equations and related stochastic partial differential equations in fluid dynamics. The LLNS equations incorporate thermal fluctuations into macroscopic hydrodynamics by the addition of white-noise fluxes whose magnitudes are set by a fluctuation-dissipation relation. Originally derived for equilibrium fluctuations, the LLNS equations have also been shown to be accurate for non-equilibrium systems. Previous studies of numerical methods for the LLNS equations focused primarily on measuring variances and correlations computed at equilibrium and for selected non-equilibrium flows. In this paper, we introduce a more systematic approach based on studying discrete equilibrium structure factors for a broad class of explicit linear finite-volume schemes. This new approach provides a better characterization of the accuracy of a spatio-temporal discretization as a function of wavenumber and frequency, allowing us to distinguish between behavior at long wavelengths, where accuracy is a prime concern, and short wavelengths, where stability concerns are of greater importance. We use this analysis to develop a specialized third-order Runge Kutta scheme that minimizes the temporal integration error in the discrete structure factor at long wavelengths for the one-dimensional linearized LLNS equations. Together with a novel method for discretizing the stochastic stress tensor in dimension larger than one, our improved temporal integrator yields a scheme for the three-dimensional equations that satisfies a discrete fluctuation-dissipation balance for small time steps and is also sufficiently accurate even for time steps close to the stability limit.

A. Donev; E. Vanden-Eijnden; A. L. Garcia; J. B. Bell

2009-06-12T23:59:59.000Z

373

Evaluation of Collector Well Configurations to Model Hydrodynamics in Riverbank Filtration and Groundwater Remediation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Collector well designs are necessary to maximize groundwater uptake and riverbank filtration without negatively impacting an aquifer. Unfortunately, there is a lack of information and research regarding the implementation of collector well design parameters. In the past, collector well installation was too costly, but recent advances in well technology have made collector wells more cost effective. This research will contribute a set of guidelines to optimize riverbank filtration and groundwater remediation. This study models the hydrodynamics surrounding collector well configurations in riverbank filtration and groundwater remediation. Visual Modflow was utilized to run a variety of numerical models to test four areas: flux along the laterals of a collector well, collector well interactions with a river, collector well yield, and collector well remediation capability. The two design parameters investigated were lateral length (25 m, 50 m, and 100 m) and number of laterals (3 and 4). The lateral flux tests confirm flux increases towards the terminal end of each lateral and pumping rate is the controlling factor in flux amount obtained along the laterals. The analysis of the flux-river interaction shows the main factor in determining flux amount is the initial river geometry, followed by the pumping rate, regional background flow, and collector well design, respectively. The models suggest that the 4-lateral collector well design is more effective than the 3-lateral design and in addition, 100 meter length laterals provide the highest amount of yield with the least amount of drawdown. The remediation tests investigate the application of vertical well equations to evaluate collector well designs in two areas: minimum pumping rate to capture line source of particles and first arrival time of particles. The remediation models show 100 meter length laterals provide both the lowest pumping rate and the highest residence time with the surrounding aquifer for maximum remediation. Ultimately, these models provide basic design guidelines and explain which designs are most effective, depending on the collector well purpose.

De Leon, Tiffany Lucinda

2010-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

374

FORCE2: A state-of-the-art two-phase code for hydrodynamic calculations  

SciTech Connect

A three-dimensional computer code for two-phase flow named FORCE2 has been developed by Babcock and Wilcox (B & W) in close collaboration with Argonne National Laboratory (ANL). FORCE2 is capable of both transient as well as steady-state simulations. This Cartesian coordinates computer program is a finite control volume, industrial grade and quality embodiment of the pilot-scale FLUFIX/MOD2 code and contains features such as three-dimensional blockages, volume and surface porosities to account for various obstructions in the flow field, and distributed resistance modeling to account for pressure drops caused by baffles, distributor plates and large tube banks. Recently computed results demonstrated the significance of and necessity for three-dimensional models of hydrodynamics and erosion. This paper describes the process whereby ANL`s pilot-scale FLUFIX/MOD2 models and numerics were implemented into FORCE2. A description of the quality control to assess the accuracy of the new code and the validation using some of the measured data from Illinois Institute of Technology (UT) and the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign (UIUC) are given. It is envisioned that one day, FORCE2 with additional modules such as radiation heat transfer, combustion kinetics and multi-solids together with user-friendly pre- and post-processor software and tailored for massively parallel multiprocessor shared memory computational platforms will be used by industry and researchers to assist in reducing and/or eliminating the environmental and economic barriers which limit full consideration of coal, shale and biomass as energy sources, to retain energy security, and to remediate waste and ecological problems.

Ding, Jianmin; Lyczkowski, R.W. [Argonne National Lab., IL (United States); Burge, S.W. [Babcock and Wilcox Co., Alliance, OH (United States). Research Center

1993-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

375

FORCE2: A state-of-the-art two-phase code for hydrodynamic calculations  

SciTech Connect

A three-dimensional computer code for two-phase flow named FORCE2 has been developed by Babcock and Wilcox (B W) in close collaboration with Argonne National Laboratory (ANL). FORCE2 is capable of both transient as well as steady-state simulations. This Cartesian coordinates computer program is a finite control volume, industrial grade and quality embodiment of the pilot-scale FLUFIX/MOD2 code and contains features such as three-dimensional blockages, volume and surface porosities to account for various obstructions in the flow field, and distributed resistance modeling to account for pressure drops caused by baffles, distributor plates and large tube banks. Recently computed results demonstrated the significance of and necessity for three-dimensional models of hydrodynamics and erosion. This paper describes the process whereby ANL's pilot-scale FLUFIX/MOD2 models and numerics were implemented into FORCE2. A description of the quality control to assess the accuracy of the new code and the validation using some of the measured data from Illinois Institute of Technology (UT) and the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign (UIUC) are given. It is envisioned that one day, FORCE2 with additional modules such as radiation heat transfer, combustion kinetics and multi-solids together with user-friendly pre- and post-processor software and tailored for massively parallel multiprocessor shared memory computational platforms will be used by industry and researchers to assist in reducing and/or eliminating the environmental and economic barriers which limit full consideration of coal, shale and biomass as energy sources, to retain energy security, and to remediate waste and ecological problems.

Ding, Jianmin; Lyczkowski, R.W. (Argonne National Lab., IL (United States)); Burge, S.W. (Babcock and Wilcox Co., Alliance, OH (United States). Research Center)

1993-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

376

Radiation-Hydrodynamic Simulations of Massive Star Formation with Protostellar Outflows  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We report the results of a series of AMR radiation-hydrodynamic simulations of the collapse of massive star forming clouds using the ORION code. These simulations are the first to include the feedback effects protostellar outflows, as well as protostellar radiative heating and radiation pressure exerted on the infalling, dusty gas. We find that that outflows evacuate polar cavities of reduced optical depth through the ambient core. These enhance the radiative flux in the poleward direction so that it is 1.7 to 15 times larger than that in the midplane. As a result the radiative heating and outward radiation force exerted on the protostellar disk and infalling cloud gas in the equatorial direction are greatly diminished. The simultaneously reduces the Eddington radiation pressure barrier to high-mass star formation and increases the minimum threshold surface density for radiative heating to suppress fragmentation compared to models that do not include outflows. The strength of both these effects depends on the initial core surface density. Lower surface density cores have longer free-fall times and thus massive stars formed within them undergo more Kelvin contraction as the core collapses, leading to more powerful outflows. Furthermore, in lower surface density clouds the ratio of the time required for the outflow to break out of the core to the core free-fall time is smaller, so that these clouds are consequently influenced by outflows at earlier stages of collapse. As a result, outflow effects are strongest in low surface density cores and weakest in high surface density one. We also find that radiation focusing in the direction of outflow cavities is sufficient to prevent the formation of radiation pressure-supported circumstellar gas bubbles, in contrast to models which neglect protostellar outflow feedback.

Cunningham, A J; Klein, R I; Krumholz, M R; McKee, C F

2011-03-02T23:59:59.000Z

377

Smoothed particle hydrodynamics Non-Newtonian model for ice-sheet and ice-shelf dynamics  

SciTech Connect

Mathematical modeling of ice sheets is complicated by the non-linearity of the governing equations and boundary conditions. Standard grid-based methods require complex front tracking techniques and have limited capability to handle large material deformations and abrupt changes in bottom topography. As a consequence, numerical methods are usually restricted to shallow ice sheet and ice shelf approximations. We propose a new smoothed particle hydrodynamics (SPH) non-Newtonian model for coupled ice sheet and ice shelf dynamics. SPH, a fully Lagrangian particle method, is highly scalable and its Lagrangian nature and meshless discretization are well suited to the simulation of free surface ?ows, large material deformation, and material fragmentation. In this paper, SPH is used to study 3D ice sheet/ice shelf behavior, and the dynamics of the grounding line. The steady state position of the grounding line obtained from SPH simulations is in good agreement with laboratory observations for a wide range of simulated bedrock slopes, and density ratios, similar to those of ice and sea water. The numerical accuracy of the SPH algorithm is veri?ed by simulating Poiseuille ?ow, plane shear ?ow with free surface and the propagation of a blob of ice along a horizontal surface. In the laboratory experiment, the ice was represented with a viscous Newtonian ?uid. In the present work, however, the ice is modeled as both viscous Newtonian ?uid and non-Newtonian ?uid, such that the e?ect of non-Newtonian rheology on the dynamics of grounding line was examined. The non-Newtonian constitutive relation is prescribed to be Glens law for the creep of polycrystalline ice. A V-shaped bedrock ramp is further introduced to model the real geometry of bedrock slope.

Pan, Wenxiao; Tartakovsky, Alexandre M.; Monaghan, Joseph J.

2013-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

378

A Smoothed Particle Hydrodynamics Model for Ice Sheet and Ice Shelf Dynamics  

SciTech Connect

Mathematical modeling of ice sheets is complicated by the non-linearity of the governing equations and boundary conditions. Standard grid-based methods require complex front tracking techniques and have limited capability to handle large material deformations and abrupt changes in bottom topography. As a consequence, numerical methods are usually restricted to shallow ice sheet and ice shelf approximations. We propose a new smoothed particle hydrodynamics (SPH) model for coupled ice sheet and ice shelf dynamics. SPH is a fully Lagrangian particle method. It is highly scalable and its Lagrangian nature and meshless discretization are well suited to the simulation of free surface flows, large material deformation, and material fragmentation. In this paper SPH is used to study ice sheet/ice shelf behavior, and the dynamics of the grounding line. The steady state position of the grounding line obtained from the SPH simulations is in good agreement with laboratory observations for a wide range of simulated bedrock slopes, and density ratios similar to those of ice and sea water. The numerical accuracy of the SPH algorithm is further verified by simulating the plane shear flow of two immiscible fluids and the propagation of a highly viscous blob of fluid along a horizontal surface. In the experiment, the ice was represented with a viscous newtonian fluid. For consistency, in the described SPH model the ice is also modeled as a viscous newtonian fluid. Typically, ice sheets are modeled as a non-Newtonian fluid, accounting for the changes in the mechanical properties of ice. Implementation of a non-Newtonian rheology in the SPH model is the subject of our ongoing research.

Pan, Wenxiao; Tartakovsky, Alexandre M.; Monaghan, Joseph J.

2012-02-08T23:59:59.000Z

379

A TWO-MOMENT RADIATION HYDRODYNAMICS MODULE IN ATHENA USING A TIME-EXPLICIT GODUNOV METHOD  

SciTech Connect

We describe a module for the Athena code that solves the gray equations of radiation hydrodynamics (RHD), based on the first two moments of the radiative transfer equation. We use a combination of explicit Godunov methods to advance the gas and radiation variables including the non-stiff source terms, and a local implicit method to integrate the stiff source terms. We adopt the M{sub 1} closure relation and include all leading source terms to O({beta}{tau}). We employ the reduced speed of light approximation (RSLA) with subcycling of the radiation variables in order to reduce computational costs. Our code is dimensionally unsplit in one, two, and three space dimensions and is parallelized using MPI. The streaming and diffusion limits are well described by the M{sub 1} closure model, and our implementation shows excellent behavior for a problem with a concentrated radiation source containing both regimes simultaneously. Our operator-split method is ideally suited for problems with a slowly varying radiation field and dynamical gas flows, in which the effect of the RSLA is minimal. We present an analysis of the dispersion relation of RHD linear waves highlighting the conditions of applicability for the RSLA. To demonstrate the accuracy of our method, we utilize a suite of radiation and RHD tests covering a broad range of regimes, including RHD waves, shocks, and equilibria, which show second-order convergence in most cases. As an application, we investigate radiation-driven ejection of a dusty, optically thick shell in the ISM. Finally, we compare the timing of our method with other well-known iterative schemes for the RHD equations. Our code implementation, Hyperion, is suitable for a wide variety of astrophysical applications and will be made freely available on the Web.

Skinner, M. Aaron; Ostriker, Eve C., E-mail: askinner@astro.umd.edu, E-mail: eco@astro.princeton.edu [Department of Astronomy, University of Maryland, College Park, MD 20742-2421 (United States)

2013-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

380

Three-fluid plasmas in star formation I. Magneto-hydrodynamic equations  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Interstellar magnetic fields influence all stages of the process of star formation, from the collapse of molecular cloud cores to the formation of protostellar jets. This requires us to have a full understanding of the physical properties of magnetized plasmas of different degrees of ionization for a wide range of densities and temperatures. We derive general equations governing the magneto-hydrodynamic evolution of a three-fluid medium of arbitrary ionization, also including the possibility of charged dust grains as the main charge carriers. In a companion paper (Pinto & Galli 2007), we complement this analysis computing accurate expressions of the collisional coupling coefficients. Over spatial and temporal scales larger than the so-called large-scale plasma limit and the collision-dominated plasma limit, and for non-relativistic fluid speeds, we obtain an advection-diffusion for the magnetic field. We derive the general expressions for the resistivities, the diffusion time scales and the heating rates in a three-fluid medium and we use them to estimate the evolution of the magnetic field in molecular clouds and protostellar jets. Collisions between charged particles significantly increase the value of the Ohmic resistivity during the process of cloud collapse, affecting in particular the decoupling of matter and magnetic field and enhancing the rate of energy dissipation. The Hall resistivity can take larger values than previously found when the negative charge is mostly carried by dust grains. In weakly-or mildy-ionized protostellar jets, ambipolar diffusion is found to occur on a time scale comparable to the dynamical time scale, limiting the validity of steady-state and nondissipative models to study the jet's structure.

Cecilia Pinto; Daniele Galli; Francesca Bacciotti

2008-04-17T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "diego scripps hydrodynamic" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
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381

Modeling and analysis of transient vehicle underhood thermo- hydrodynamic events using computational fluid dynamics and high performance computing.  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

This work has explored the preliminary design of a Computational Fluid Dynamics (CFD) tool for the analysis of transient vehicle underhood thermo-hydrodynamic events using high performance computing platforms. The goal of this tool will be to extend the capabilities of an existing established CFD code, STAR-CD, allowing the car manufacturers to analyze the impact of transient operational events on the underhood thermal management by exploiting the computational efficiency of modern high performance computing systems. In particular, the project has focused on the CFD modeling of the radiator behavior during a specified transient. The 3-D radiator calculations were performed using STAR-CD, which can perform both steady-state and transient calculations, on the cluster computer available at ANL in the Nuclear Engineering Division. Specified transient boundary conditions, based on experimental data provided by Adapco and DaimlerChrysler were used. The possibility of using STAR-CD in a transient mode for the entire period of time analyzed has been compared with other strategies which involve the use of STAR-CD in a steady-state mode at specified time intervals, while transient heat transfer calculations would be performed for the rest of the time. The results of these calculations have been compared with the experimental data provided by Adapco/DaimlerChrysler and recommendations for future development of an optimal strategy for the CFD modeling of transient thermo-hydrodynamic events have been made. The results of this work open the way for the development of a CFD tool for the transient analysis of underhood thermo-hydrodynamic events, which will allow the integrated transient thermal analysis of the entire cooling system, including both the engine block and the radiator, on high performance computing systems.

Tentner, A.; Froehle, P.; Wang, C.; Nuclear Engineering Division

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

382

Modeling and analysis of transient vehicle underhood thermo - hydrodynamic events using computational fluid dynamics and high performance computing.  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

This work has explored the preliminary design of a Computational Fluid Dynamics (CFD) tool for the analysis of transient vehicle underhood thermo-hydrodynamic events using high performance computing platforms. The goal of this tool will be to extend the capabilities of an existing established CFD code, STAR-CD, allowing the car manufacturers to analyze the impact of transient operational events on the underhood thermal management by exploiting the computational efficiency of modern high performance computing systems. In particular, the project has focused on the CFD modeling of the radiator behavior during a specified transient. The 3-D radiator calculations were performed using STAR-CD, which can perform both steady-state and transient calculations, on the cluster computer available at ANL in the Nuclear Engineering Division. Specified transient boundary conditions, based on experimental data provided by Adapco and DaimlerChrysler were used. The possibility of using STAR-CD in a transient mode for the entire period of time analyzed has been compared with other strategies which involve the use of STAR-CD in a steady-state mode at specified time intervals, while transient heat transfer calculations would be performed for the rest of the time. The results of these calculations have been compared with the experimental data provided by Adapco/DaimlerChrysler and recommendations for future development of an optimal strategy for the CFD modeling of transient thermo-hydrodynamic events have been made. The results of this work open the way for the development of a CFD tool for the transient analysis of underhood thermo-hydrodynamic events, which will allow the integrated transient thermal analysis of the entire cooling system, including both the engine block and the radiator, on high performance computing systems.

Froehle, P.; Tentner, A.; Wang, C.

2003-09-05T23:59:59.000Z

383

Protoneutron star evolution and the neutrino-driven wind in general relativistic neutrino radiation hydrodynamics simulations  

SciTech Connect

Massive stars end their lives in explosions with kinetic energies on the order of 10{sup 51} erg. Immediately after the explosion has been launched, a region of low density and high entropy forms behind the ejecta, which is continuously subject to neutrino heating. The neutrinos emitted from the remnant at the center, the protoneutron star (PNS), heat the material above the PNS surface. This heat is partly converted into kinetic energy, and the material accelerates to an outflow that is known as the neutrino-driven wind. For the first time we simulate the collapse, bounce, explosion, and the neutrino-driven wind phases consistently over more than 20 s. Our numerical model is based on spherically symmetric general relativistic radiation hydrodynamics using spectral three-flavor Boltzmann neutrino transport. In simulations where no explosions are obtained naturally, we model neutrino-driven explosions for low- and intermediate-mass Fe-core progenitor stars by enhancing the charged current reaction rates. In the case of a special progenitor star, the 8.8 M{circle_dot} O-Ne-Mg-core, the explosion in spherical symmetry was obtained without enhanced opacities. The post-explosion evolution is in qualitative agreement with static steady-state and parametrized dynamic models of the neutrino-driven wind. On the other hand, we generally find lower neutrino luminosities and mean neutrino energies, as well as a different evolutionary behavior of the neutrino luminosities and mean neutrino energies. The neutrino-driven wind is proton-rich for more than 10 s and the contraction of the PNS differs from the assumptions made for the conditions at the inner boundary in previous neutrino-driven wind studies. Despite the moderately high entropies of about 100 k{sub B}/baryon and the fast expansion timescales, the conditions found in our models are unlikely to favor r-process nucleosynthesis. The simulations are carried out until the neutrino-driven wind settles down to a quasi-stationary state. About 5 s after the bounce, the peak temperature inside the PNS already starts to decrease because of the continued deleptonization. This moment determines the beginning of a cooling phase dominated by the emission of neutrinos. We discuss the physical conditions of the quasi-static PNS evolution and take the effects of deleptonization and mass accretion from early fallback into account.

Fischer, T. [University of Basel; Mezzacappa, Anthony [ORNL; Thielemann, F.-K. [University of Basel; Liebendoerfer, M. [University of Basel; Whitehouse, S. [University of Basel

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

384

Features of two-pion Bose-Einstein correlations based on event-by-event analysis in smoothed particle hydrodynamics  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We examine the space-time structure of the particle-emitting sources with fluctuating initial conditions in smoothed particle hydrodynamics. The two-pion correlation functions of single events for the sources exhibit event-by-event fluctuations. The large event-by-event fluctuations and wide distributions of the error-inverse-weighted fluctuations between the HBT correlation functions of single and mixed events are important features for the sources with event-by-event fluctuating initial conditions. The root-mean-square of the weighted fluctuations is a signal to detect the inhomogeneity of the systems produced in high energy heavy ion collisions.

Ren, Yan-Yu; Liu, Jian-Li

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

385

Assessment of Tidal Energy Removal Impacts on Physical Systems: Development of MHK Module and Analysis of Effects on Hydrodynamics  

SciTech Connect

In this report we describe (1) the development, test, and validation of the marine hydrokinetic energy scheme in a three-dimensional coastal ocean model (FVCOM); and (2) the sensitivity analysis of effects of marine hydrokinetic energy configurations on power extraction and volume flux in a coastal bay. Submittal of this report completes the work on Task 2.1.2, Effects of Physical Systems, Subtask 2.1.2.1, Hydrodynamics and Subtask 2.1.2.3, Screening Analysis, for fiscal year 2011 of the Environmental Effects of Marine and Hydrokinetic Energy project.

Yang, Zhaoqing; Wang, Taiping

2011-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

386

A Radiation-Hydrodynamics Code Comparison for Laser-Produced Plasmas: FLASH versus HYDRA and the Results of Validation Experiments  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The potential for laser-produced plasmas to yield fundamental insights into high energy density physics (HEDP) and deliver other useful applications can sometimes be frustrated by uncertainties in modeling the properties and expansion of these plasmas using radiation-hydrodynamics codes. In an effort to overcome this and to corroborate the accuracy of the HEDP capabilities recently added to the publicly available FLASH radiation-hydrodynamics code, we present detailed comparisons of FLASH results to new and previously published results from the HYDRA code used extensively at Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory. We focus on two very different problems of interest: (1) an Aluminum slab irradiated by 15.3 and 76.7 mJ of "pre-pulse" laser energy and (2) a mm-long triangular groove cut in an Aluminum target irradiated by a rectangular laser beam. Because this latter problem bears a resemblance to astrophysical jets, Grava et al., Phys. Rev. E, 78, (2008) performed this experiment and compared detailed x-ray int...

Orban, Chris; Chawla, Sugreev; Wilks, Scott C; Lamb, Donald Q

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

387

Hydrodynamics and energy consumption studies in a three-phase liquid circulating three-phase fluid bed contactor  

SciTech Connect

The hydrodynamics and energy consumption have been studied in a cold flow, bubbling and turbulent, pressurized gas-liquid-solid three-phase fluidized bed (0.15 m ID x 1 m height) with concurrent gas-liquid up flow is proposed with the intention of increasing the gas hold up. The hydrodynamic behaviour is described and characterised by some specific gas and liquid velocities. Particles are easily fluidized and can be uniformly distributed over the whole height of the column. The effect of parameters like liquid flow rate, gas flow rate, particle loading, particle size, and solid density on gas hold up and effect of gas flow rate, solid density and particle size on solid hold up, energy consumption and minimum fluidization velocity has been studied. At the elevated pressures a superior method for better prediction of minimum fluidization velocity and terminal settling velocities has been adopted. The results have been interpreted with Bernoulli's theorem and Richardson-Zaki equation. Based on the assumption of the gas and liquid as a pretend fluid, a simplification has been made to predict the particle terminal settling velocities. The Richardson-Zaki parameter n' was compared with Renzo's results. A correlation has been proposed with the experimental results for the three-phase fluidization. (author)

Rusumdar, Ahmad J [Thirumalai Engineering College, Kancheepuram, Tamil Nadu (India); Dept. of Modelling, Leibniz Institute for Tropospheric Research, Permoserstr. 15, 04318 Leipzig (Germany); Abuthalib, A. [Dept. of Modelling, Leibniz Institute for Tropospheric Research, Permoserstr. 15, 04318 Leipzig (Germany); Mohan, Vaka Murali; Srinivasa Kumar, C. [Dept. of CSE, New Netaji Institute of Technology, Toopranpet, Nalgonda 508 252, AP (India); Sujatha, V.; Rajendra Prasad, P. [Dept. of Chemical Engineering, Andhra University, College of Engineering, Visakhapatnam 530 003, AP (India)

2009-07-15T23:59:59.000Z

388

The Scripps student handbook has been prepared as a guide to serve you throughout your graduate career at Scripps Institution of Oceanography. We hope you will find it of value. If you feel there are ways to improve  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

GoPhast: A Graphical User Interface for PHAST Techniques and Methods 6-A20 U.S. Department of the Interior U.S. Geological Survey #12;Cover: GoPhast screen view for Example 2 (p. 74). The grid has been at that location was specified. #12;GoPhast: A Graphical User Interface for PHAST By Richard B. Winston Techniques

Smith, Jerome A.

389

Catalog of the Benthic Invertebrate Collections of the Scripps Institution of Oceanography. I - Decapod Crustacea and Stomatopoda  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

44 Korovin Bay, Atka Is. , Aleutian Is. 52'15.4 'N 174O18.8'Korovin Bay, Atka Is. , Aleutian Is. , 52O15.4'N 17418.8'WKorovin Bay, Atka Is. , Aleutian Is. , 52O15.4'N 17418.8'W

Luke, Spencer R

1977-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

390

On the Geochemistry of Venice Lagoon Sediments. Scripps Institution of Oceanography SEDiment Research Program SIOSED. A Background Report  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Methods We report data obtained through different means: (1) whole core scanning with X-Ray fluorescence, (2) whole sediment dissolution

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

391

Elliptic flow ($v_2$) in pp collisions at energies available at the CERN Large Hadron Collider: A hydrodynamical approach  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

At Large Hadron Collider energy, the expected large multiplicities suggests the presence of collective behavior even in pp collisions. A hydrodynamical approach has been applied to estimate the expected elliptic flow measured by the azimuthal asymmetry parameter $v_2$, in pp collisions at $\\surd$s = 14 TeV. $v_2$ of $\\pi^-$ is found to be strongly dependent on the parton density profile inside a proton [e.g., surface diffuseness parameter ($\\xi$)]. For $\\xi$ = 0.105, $v_2$ is found to be positive while at $\\xi$ = 0.25, $v_2$ is close to zero and approaches negative values at large $p_t$. The impact parameter dependence of $v_2$ has also been studied.

S. K. Prasad; Victor Roy; S. Chattopadhyay; A. K. Chaudhuri

2009-10-26T23:59:59.000Z

392

High-Temperature Processing of Solids Through Solar Nebular Bow Shocks: 3D Radiation Hydrodynamics Simulations with Particles  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A fundamental, unsolved problem in Solar System formation is explaining the melting and crystallization of chondrules found in chondritic meteorites. Theoretical models of chondrule melting in nebular shocks has been shown to be consistent with many aspects of thermal histories inferred for chondrules from laboratory experiments; but, the mechanism driving these shocks is unknown. Planetesimals and planetary embryos on eccentric orbits can produce bow shocks as they move supersonically through the disk gas, and are one possible source of chondrule-melting shocks. We investigate chondrule formation in bow shocks around planetoids through 3D radiation hydrodynamics simulations. A new radiation transport algorithm that combines elements of flux-limited diffusion and Monte Carlo methods is used to capture the complexity of radiative transport around bow shocks. An equation of state that includes the rotational, vibrational, and dissociation modes of H$_2$ is also used. Solids are followed directly in the simulati...

Boley, A C; Desch, S J

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

393

A Parallel Implementation of a Smoothed Particle Hydrodynamics Method on Graphics Hardware Using the Compute Unified Device Architecture  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The smoothed particle hydrodynamics (SPH), which is a class of meshfree particle methods (MPMs), has a wide range of applications from micro-scale to macro-scale as well as from discrete systems to continuum systems. Graphics hardware, originally designed for computer graphics, now provide unprecedented computational power for scientific computation. Particle system needs a huge amount of computations in physical simulation. In this paper, an efficient parallel implementation of a SPH method on graphics hardware using the Compute Unified Device Architecture is developed for fluid simulation. Comparing to the corresponding CPU implementation, our experimental results show that the new approach allows significant speedups of fluid simulation through handling huge amount of computations in parallel on graphics hardware.

Wong Unhong; Wong Honcheng; Tang Zesheng [NAOC-MUST Collaborative Research Laboratory for Lunar and Planetary Exploration, Faculty of Information Technology, Macau University of Science and Technology, Macao (China)

2010-05-21T23:59:59.000Z

394

Effect of design parameter variations on hybrid (combination hydrostatic and hydrodynamic) bearings for use in high speed turbomachinery  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Hybrid (combination hydrostatic and hydrodynamic) bearings have been proposed for use as a support element in cryogenic high speed turbomachinery for primary and auxiliary space power applications because of their long lifetime, low friction and wear, and ability to use low viscosity fluids. However, very little work has been done in determining the rotordynamic performance of hybrid journal bearings. This thesis presents theoretical and experimental results for radial-injection, orifice-compensated, annulus-fed hybrid water journal bearings which show the effects on bearing performance of changing the following design parameters: radial clearance, concentric recess pressure ratio, recess-to-land area ratio, and recess depth geometry. Experimental test results are used to evaluate predictions from the analytical hybrid bearing computer model developed by San Andres (1990).

Mosher, Phillip Andrew

1993-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

395

Investigation of hydrodynamics of a dual fluidized bed biomass steam gasifier using a cold model: The effect of fluidising agent on gasification performance  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Investigation of hydrodynamics of a dual fluidized bed biomass steam gasifier using a cold model) biomass steam gasifiers are able to produce gas with low tar and high hydrogen contents and have shown a promising potential for converting the biomass to hydrogen-rich syngas. The DFB gasifier system

Hickman, Mark

396

A Coupled HydrodynamicBottom Boundary Layer Model of Storm and Tidal Flow in the Middle Atlantic Bight of North America  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The effects of increased friction and tides on circulation in the Middle Atlantic Bight (MAB) during the SWADE storm of 2528 October 1990 have been investigated using a three-dimensional hydrodynamic model coupled to a bottom boundary layer ...

Timothy R. Keen; Scott M. Glenn

1995-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

397

Comparison of Diffuse Shortwave Irradiance Measurements  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Diffuse Shortwave Diffuse Shortwave Irradiance Measurements J. J. Michalsky and J. Schlemmer Atmospheric Sciences Research Center State University of New York Albany, New York B. C. Bush, S. Leitner, D. Marsden, and F. P. J. Valero Scripps Institution of Oceanography University of California, San Diego La Jolla, California R. Dolce and A. Los Kipp & Zonen, Inc. Bohemia, New York and Delft The Netherlands E. G. Dutton Climate Monitoring and Diagnostics Laboratory National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration Boulder, Colorado M. P. Haeffelin Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University Blackburg, Virginia G. Major Budapest University of Economic Sciences and Public Administration Budapest, Hungry J. Hickey The Eppley Laboratory, Inc. Newport, Rhode Island

398

Triangular flow in event-by-event ideal hydrodynamics in Au+Au collisions at {radical}(s{sub NN})=200A GeV  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The first calculation of triangular flow v{sub 3} in Au+Au collisions at {radical}(s{sub NN})=200A GeV from an event-by-event (3+1)d transport+hydrodynamics hybrid approach is presented. As a response to the initial triangularity {epsilon}{sub 3} of the collision zone, v{sub 3} is computed in a similar way to the standard event-plane analysis for elliptic flow v{sub 2}. It is found that the triangular flow exhibits weak centrality dependence and is roughly equal to elliptic flow in most central collisions. We also explore the transverse momentum and rapidity dependence of v{sub 2} and v{sub 3} for charged particles as well as identified particles. We conclude that an event-by-event treatment of the ideal hydrodynamic evolution starting with realistic initial conditions generates the main features expected for triangular flow.

Petersen, Hannah; Qin Guangyou; Bass, Steffen A.; Mueller, Berndt [Department of Physics, Duke University, Durham, North Carolina 27708-0305 (United States)

2010-10-15T23:59:59.000Z

399

The mass loss process in dwarf galaxies from 3D hydrodynamical simulations: the role of dark matter and starbursts  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Theoretical $\\Lambda$CDM cosmological models predict a much larger number of low mass dark matter haloes than has been observed in the Local Group of galaxies. One possible explanation is the increased difficulty of detecting these haloes if most of the visible matter is lost at early evolutionary phases through galactic winds. In this work we study the current models of triggering galactic winds in dwarf spheroidal galaxies (dSph) from supernovae, and study, based on 3D hydrodynamic numerical simulations, the correlation of the mass loss rates and important physical parameters as the dark matter halo mass and its radial profile, and the star formation rate. We find that the existence of winds is ubiquitous, independent on the gravitational potential. Our simulations revealed that the Rayleigh-Taylor Instability (RTI) may play a major role on pushing matter out of these systems, even for very massive haloes. The instability is responsible for 5 - 40% of the mass loss during the early evolution of the galaxy, ...

Ruiz, Luciana O; Lanfranchi, Gustavo A; Caproni, Anderson

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

400

Quantum hydrodynamics approach to the formation of waves in polarized two-dimensional systems of charged and neutral particles  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this paper, we explicate a method of quantum hydrodynamics (QHD) for the study of the quantum evolution of a system of polarized particles. Although we focused primarily on the two-dimensional (2D) physical systems, the method is valid for three-dimensional (3D) and one-dimensional (1D) systems too. The presented method is based upon the Schroedinger equation. Fundamental QHD equations for charged and neutral particles were derived from the many-particle microscopic Schroedinger equation. The fact that particles possess the electric dipole moment (EDM) was taken into account. The explicated QHD approach was used to study dispersion characteristics of various physical systems. We analyzed dispersion of waves in a two-dimensional ion and hole gas placed into an external electric field, which is orthogonal to the gas plane. Elementary excitations in a system of neutral polarized particles were studied for 1D, 2D, and 3D cases. The polarization dynamics in systems of both neutral and charged particles is shown to cause formation of a new type of waves as well as changes in the dispersion characteristics of already known waves. We also analyzed wave dispersion in 2D exciton systems, in 2D electron-ion plasma, and in 2D electron-hole plasma. Generation of waves in 3D-system neutral particles with EDM by means of the beam of electrons and neutral polarized particles is investigated.

Andreev, P. A.; Kuzmenkov, L. S.; Trukhanova, M. I. [Department of General Physics, Physics Faculty, Moscow State University, Moscow (Russian Federation); Dpartment of Theoretical Physics, Physics Faculty, Moscow State University, Moscow (Russian Federation)

2011-12-15T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "diego scripps hydrodynamic" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


401

Development of a sub-scale dynamics model for pressure relaxation of multi-material cells in Lagrangian hydrodynamics  

SciTech Connect

We have extended the Sub-Scale Dynamics (SSD) closure model for multi-fluid computational cells. Volume exchange between two materials is based on the interface area and a notional interface translation velocity, which is derived from a linearized Riemann solution. We have extended the model to cells with any number of materials, computing pressure-difference-driven volume and energy exchange as the algebraic sum of pairwise interactions. In multiple dimensions, we rely on interface reconstruction to provide interface areas and orientations, and centroids of material polygons. In order to prevent unphysically large or unmanageably small material volumes, we have used a flux-corrected transport (FCT) approach to limit the pressure-driven part of the volume exchange. We describe the implementation of this model in two dimensions in the FLAG hydrodynamics code. We also report on Lagrangian test calculations, comparing them with others made using a mixed-zone closure model due to Tipton, and with corresponding calculations made with only single-material cells. We find that in some cases, the SSD model more accurately predicts the state of material in mixed cells. By comparing the algebraic forms of both models, we identify similar dependencies on state and dynamical variables, and propose explanations for the apparent higher fidelity of the SSD model.

Harrison, Alan K [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Shashkov, Mikhail J [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Fung, Jimmy [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Canfield, Thomas R [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Kamm, James R [SNLA

2010-10-14T23:59:59.000Z

402

REVIEW OF EXPERIMENTAL CAPABILITIES AND HYDRODYNAMIC DATA FOR VALIDATION OF CFD BASED PREDICTIONS FOR SLURRY BUBBLE COLUMN REACTORS  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The purpose of this paper is to document the review of several open-literature sources of both experimental capabilities and published hydrodynamic data to aid in the validation of a Computational Fluid Dynamics (CFD) based model of a slurry bubble column (SBC). The review included searching the Web of Science, ISI Proceedings, and Inspec databases, internet searches as well as other open literature sources. The goal of this study was to identify available experimental facilities and relevant data. Integral (i.e., pertaining to the SBC system), as well as fundamental (i.e., separate effects are considered), data are included in the scope of this effort. The fundamental data is needed to validate the individual mechanistic models or closure laws used in a Computational Multiphase Fluid Dynamics (CMFD) simulation of a SBC. The fundamental data is generally focused on simple geometries (i.e., flow between parallel plates or cylindrical pipes) or custom-designed tests to focus on selected interfacial phenomena. Integral data covers the operation of a SBC as a system with coupled effects. This work highlights selected experimental capabilities and data for the purpose of SBC model validation, and is not meant to be an exhaustive summary.

Donna Post Guillen; Daniel S. Wendt

2007-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

403

REVIEW OF EXPERIMENTAL CAPABILITIES AND HYDRODYNAMIC DATA FOR VALIDATION OF CFD-BASED PREDICTIONS FOR SLURRY BUBBLE COLUMN REACTORS  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The purpose of this paper is to document the review of several open-literature sources of both experimental capabilities and published hydrodynamic data to aid in the validation of a Computational Fluid Dynamics (CFD) based model of a slurry bubble column (SBC). The review included searching the Web of Science, ISI Proceedings, and Inspec databases, internet searches as well as other open literature sources. The goal of this study was to identify available experimental facilities and relevant data. Integral (i.e., pertaining to the SBC system), as well as fundamental (i.e., separate effects are considered), data are included in the scope of this effort. The fundamental data is needed to validate the individual mechanistic models or closure laws used in a Computational Multiphase Fluid Dynamics (CMFD) simulation of a SBC. The fundamental data is generally focused on simple geometries (i.e., flow between parallel plates or cylindrical pipes) or custom-designed tests to focus on selected interfacial phenomena. Integral data covers the operation of a SBC as a system with coupled effects. This work highlights selected experimental capabilities and data for the purpose of SBC model validation, and is not meant to be an exhaustive summary.

Donna Post Guillen; Daniel S. Wendt; Steven P. Antal; Michael Z. Podowski

2007-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

404

Multidimensional hydrodynamic plasma-wall model for collisional plasma discharges with and without magnetic-field effects  

SciTech Connect

A numerical model for two-species plasma involving electrons and ions at pressure of 0.1 torr is presented here. The plasma-wall problem is modeled using one- and two-dimensional hydrodynamic equations coupled with Poisson equation. The model utilizes a finite-element algorithm to overcome the stiffness of the resulting plasma-wall equations. The one-dimensional result gives insight into the discharge characteristics including net charge density, electric field, and temporal space-charge sheath evolution. In two dimensions, the plasma formation over a flat plate is investigated for three different cases. The numerical algorithm is first benchmarked with published literature for plasma formed between symmetric electrodes in nitrogen gas. The characteristics of plasma are then analyzed for an infinitesimally thin electrode under dc and rf potentials in the presence of applied magnetic field using argon as a working gas. The magnetic field distorts the streamwise distribution because of a large y-momentum VxB coupling. Finally, the shape effects of the insulator-conductor edge for an electrode with finite thickness have been compared using a 90 degree sign shoulder and a 45 deg. chamfer. The 90 deg. chamfer displays a stronger body force created due to plasma in the downward and forward directions.

Kumar, Haribalan; Roy, Subrata [Computational Plasma Dynamics Laboratory, Kettering University, Flint, Michigan 48504 (United States)

2005-09-15T23:59:59.000Z

405

Systematic parameter study of hadron spectra and elliptic flow from viscous hydrodynamic simulations of Au+Au collisions at {radical}(s{sub NN})=200 GeV  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Using the (2+1)-dimensional viscous hydrodynamic code vish2+1[H. Song and U. Heinz, Phys. Lett. B 658, 279 (2008); H. Song and U. Heinz, Phys. Rev. C 77, 064901 (2008); H. Song, Ph. D. thesis, The Ohio State University, 2009], we present systematic studies of the dependence of pion and proton transverse-momentum spectra and their elliptic flow in 200A GeV Au+Au collisions on the parameters of the hydrodynamic model (thermalization time, initial entropy density distribution, decoupling temperature, equation of state, and specific shear viscosity {eta}/s). We identify a tension between the slope of the proton spectra, which (within hydrodynamic simulations that assume a constant shear viscosity to entropy density ratio) prefer larger {eta}/s values, and the slope of the p{sub T} dependence of charged hadron elliptic flow, which prefers smaller values of {eta}/s. Changing other model parameters does not appear to permit dissolution of this tension.

Shen Chun; Heinz, Ulrich; Huovinen, Pasi; Song, Huichao [Department of Physics, Ohio State University, Columbus, Ohio 43210-1117 (United States); Institut fuer Theoretische Physik, Johann Wolfgang Goethe-Universitaet, Max-von-Laue-Strasse 1, D-60438 Frankfurt am Main (Germany); Department of Physics, Ohio State University, Columbus, Ohio 43210-1117 (United States) and Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, 1 Cyclotron Road, MS70R0319, Berkeley, California 94720 (United States)

2010-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

406

Numerically Simulating the Hydrodynamic and Water Quality Environment for Migrating Salmon in the Lower Snake River, 2002-2003 Technical Report.  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Summer temperatures in the Lower Snake River can be altered by releasing cold waters that originate from deep depths within Dworshak Reservoir. These cold releases are used to lower temperatures in the Clearwater and Lower Snake Rivers and to improve hydrodynamic and water quality conditions for migrating aquatic species. This project monitored the complex three-dimensional hydrodynamic and thermal conditions at the Clearwater and Snake River confluence and the processes that led to stratification of Lower Granite Reservoir (LGR) during the late spring, summer, and fall of 2002. Hydrodynamic, water quality, and meteorological conditions around the reservoir were monitored at frequent intervals, and this effort is continuing in 2003. Monitoring of the reservoir is a multi-year endeavor, and this report spans only the first year of data collection. In addition to monitoring the LGR environment, a three-dimensional hydrodynamic and water quality model has been applied. This model uses field data as boundary conditions and has been applied to the entire 2002 field season. Numerous data collection sites were within the model domain and serve as both calibration and validation locations for the numerical model. Errors between observed and simulated data varied in magnitude from location to location and from one time to another. Generally, errors were small and within expected ranges, although, as additional 2003 field data becomes available, model parameters may be improved to minimize differences between observed and simulated values. A two-dimensional, laterally-averaged hydrodynamic and water quality model was applied to the three reservoirs downstream of LGR (the pools behind Little Goose, Lower Monumental, and Ice Harbor Dams). A two-dimensional model is appropriate for these reservoirs because observed lateral thermal variations during summer and fall 2002 were almost negligible; however, vertical thermal variations were quite large (see USACE 2003). The numerical model was applied to each reservoir independently to simulate the time period between May 1 and October 1, 2002. Differences between observed and simulated data were small, although improvements to model coefficients may be performed as additional thermal data, collected in the reservoirs during 2003, becomes available.

Cook, C.; Richmond, M.; Coleman, A. (Pacific Northwest National Laboratory)

2003-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

407

CX-004345: Categorical Exclusion Determination | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

45: Categorical Exclusion Determination 45: Categorical Exclusion Determination CX-004345: Categorical Exclusion Determination Fire Safe and Energy Independent Communities CX(s) Applied: A9, B5.1 Date: 10/26/2010 Location(s): San Diego, California Office(s): Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy, Golden Field Office The City of San Diego proposes to use federal funds to install a roof mounted photovoltaic system on the Scripps Ranch Recreation Center. This National Environmental Policy Act (NEPA) determination is a follow-on from the original determination (GF0-10-096) which required the recipient to submit site specific information for proposed solar installations. This project will include the installation of a 30 kilowatt roof mounted photovoltaic system, installation of a battery storage system within an

408

Thymidylate Synthase Complementing Protein  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

3 3 Irimpan I. Mathews1, Ashley M. Deacon1,2, Jaume M. Canaves2,3, Daniel McMullan2,4, Scott A. Lesley2,4, Sanjay Agarwalla5, and Peter Kuhn1,2,6 1Stanford Synchrotron Radiation Laboratory, Stanford, CA, 2The Joint Center for Structural Genomics, CA, 3San Diego Supercomputer Center, La Jolla, CA, 4The Genomics Institute of Novartis Research Foundation, San Diego, CA, 5University of California, San Francisco, CA, 6The Scripps Research Institute, La Jolla, CA The huge number of complete genome sequences are fueling large-scale bioinformatics, and structural and functional proteomics efforts aimed at accelerating the identification and characterization of new drug targets, a critical pre-requisite for the development of new therapeutics. The JCSG structural genomics effort is pursuing a full proteome analysis of Thermotoga maritima, and follow-on studies have already resulted in the identification of an antibacterial drug target.

409

1  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Scale Dependence of Solar Radiative Heating Rates in Scale Dependence of Solar Radiative Heating Rates in Tropical-Convective Cloud Systems with Implications to General Circulation Models A. M. Vogelmann, V. Ramanathan, and I. A. Podgorny Center for Atmospheric Sciences & Center for Clouds, Chemistry and Climate Scripps Institution of Oceanography University of California, San Diego San Diego, California Introduction Climate models must explicitly resolve or else parameterize the physical processes that govern the climate system. Towards this goal, we should guide our model development by an understanding of the spatial scales upon which these physical processes operate. This scale-dependent information enables distinguishing those processes that are resolvable by the horizontal resolution of the climate model's

410

X:\ARM_19~1\PGS29-47.WPD  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

p p cld 1 p cld Broken-Cloud Enhancement of Solar Radiation Absorption R. N. Byrne R.C.J. Somerville Science Applications International Corporation Climate Research Division, Scripps Institution of San Diego, California Oceanography University of California, San Diego La Jolla, California B. Subasilar School of Physical Sciences Curtain University of Technology Perth, WA 6001, Australia Abstract Two papers recently published in Science have shown that there is more absorption of solar radiation than estimated by current atmospheric general circulation models (GCMs) and that the discrepancy is associated with cloudy scenes. We have devised a simple model which explains this as an artifact of stochastic radiative transport. We first give a heuristic description, unencumbered by

411

shields-98.pdf  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

7 7 The Whole Sky Imager - A Year of Progress J. E. Shields and M. E. Karr Marine Physical Laboratory Scripps Institution of Oceanography University of California, San Diego San Diego, California T. P. Tooman Sandia National Laboratories Livermore, California D. H. Sowle and S. T. Moore Mission Research Corporation Santa Barbara, California Abstract Much progress has been made this last year in realizing the potential of the whole sky imager (WSI). Two imagers are deployed [at the Southern Great Plains (SGP) site and the Surface Heat Budget of the Arctic Ocean (SHEBA)], two are being prepared for deployment in the Tropical Western Pacific (TWP), and more are in production. Data products now include daytime thick cloud fraction and calibrated radiance. Night cloud fraction and daytime thin cloud

412

1  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Aerosol Forcing from the Indian Ocean Experiment Aerosol Forcing from the Indian Ocean Experiment and the ARM-SGP A. M. Vogelmann, V. Ramanathan, and S. K. Satheesh Center for Atmospheric Sciences & Center for Clouds, Chemistry and Climate Scripps Institution of Oceanography University of California, San Diego San Diego, California Introduction The tropical Indian Ocean provides an ideal and unique natural laboratory to observe and understand the role of anthropogenic aerosols in climate forcing. This region is probably the only place in the world where an intense source of anthropogenic aerosols, trace gases, and their reaction products (e.g., sulfates, ozone) from the northern hemisphere is directly connected to the pristine air of the southern hemisphere by a cross-equatorial monsoonal flow into the intertropical convergence zone (ITCZ).

413

Lane-DE  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Stochastic Radiative Transfer Model Using Stochastic Radiative Transfer Model Using Ground-Based Measurements D. E. Lane, R. C. J. Somerville, and S. F. Iacobellis Scripps Institution of Oceanography University of California, San Diego San Diego, California Introduction Scientists have long been aware there is a need for a stochastic description of radiative transfer through media with statistically distributed parameters (Stephens 1984; Ramanathan et al. 1989; Stephens et al. 1991). This study used a shortwave stochastic band model to investigate radiative transfer through a broken cloud field for several days when low-lying fair-weather cumulus and cumulus fractus clouds were present at the Atmospheric Radiation Measurement (ARM) Program's Southern Great Plains (SGP) site. The stochastic model distributes clouds in a clear sky according to the statistics of the cloud

414

Assessment of Dissolved Oxygen Mitigation at Hydropower Dams Using an Integrated Hydrodynamic/Water Quality/Fish Growth Model  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Dissolved oxygen (DO) in rivers is a common environmental problem associated with hydropower projects. Approximately 40% of all FERC-licensed projects have requirements to monitor and/or mitigate downstream DO conditions. Most forms of mitigation for increasing DO in dam tailwaters are fairly expensive. One area of research of the Department of Energy's Hydropower Program is the development of advanced turbines that improve downstream water quality and have other environmental benefits. There is great interest in being able to predict the benefits of these modifications prior to committing to the cost of new equipment. In the case of turbine replacement or modification, there is a need for methods that allow us to accurately extrapolate the benefits derived from one or two turbines with better design to the replacement or modification of all turbines at a site. The main objective of our study was to demonstrate a modeling approach that integrates the effects of flow and water quality dynamics with fish bioenergetics to predict DO mitigation effectiveness over long river segments downstream of hydropower dams. We were particularly interested in demonstrating the incremental value of including a fish growth model as a measure of biological response. The models applied are a suite of tools (RMS4 modeling system) originally developed by the Tennessee Valley Authority for simulating hydrodynamics (ADYN model), water quality (RQUAL model), and fish growth (FISH model) as influenced by DO, temperature, and available food base. We parameterized a model for a 26-mile reach of the Caney Fork River (Tennessee) below Center Hill Dam to assess how improvements in DO at the dam discharge would affect water quality and fish growth throughout the river. We simulated different types of mitigation (i.e., at the turbine and in the reservoir forebay) and different levels of improvement. The model application successfully demonstrates how a modeling approach like this one can be used to assess whether a prescribed mitigation is likely to meet intended objectives from both a water quality and a biological resource perspective. These techniques can be used to assess the tradeoffs between hydropower operations, power generation, and environmental quality.

Bevelhimer, Mark S [ORNL; Coutant, Charles C [ORNL

2006-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

415

Geochemical and hydrodynamic controls on arsenic and trace metal cycling in a seasonally stratified US sub-tropical reservoir  

SciTech Connect

The phase distribution of trace metals and oxyanions was investigated within a South Texas watershed hosting a high density of surface uranium mine pits and tailings. The objectives of the study were to evaluate the potential impact of these old uranium mining sites on the watershed with particular emphasis on spatial and temporal changes in water quality of a reservoir that serves as the major source of freshwater to a population of {approx} 350,000 people in the region. A livestock pond, bordered by uranium mine tailings, was used as a model case-study site to evaluate the cycling of uranium mine-derived oxyanions under changing redox conditions. Although the pond showed seasonal thermal and chemical stratification, geochemical cycling of metals was limited to Co and Pb, which seemed to be mostly associated with redox cycling of Mn mineral phases, and U, which suggested reductive precipitation in the ponds hypolimnion. Uranium levels, however, were too low to support strong inputs from th e tailings into the water column of the pond. The strong relations observed between particulate Cr, Cs, V and Fe suggest that these metals are associated with a stable particulate phase (probably allochthonous aluminosilicates) enriched in unreactive iron. This observation is supported by a parallel relationship in sediments collected across a broad range of sediment depositional processed (and histories) in the basin. Arsenic, though selectively enriched in the ponds water column, remained stable and mostly in solution throughout the depth of the profile and showed no sign of geochemical cycling or interaction with Fe-rich particles. We found no evidence of anthropogenic impacts of U mines beyond the purely local scale. Arsenic does decrease in concentration downstream of uranium mining sites but its presence within the Nueces drainage basin is related to interactions between surface and ground waters with uranium-rich geological formations rather than long-scale transport of contaminants downstream of the U mine pits and tailings. As in Lyssy pond, arsenic (and other oxyanions) in Lake Corpus Christi's water column are not affected by the abundant presence of Fe-rich particles but instead behave conservatively throughout the entire period of study. A quantitative mass balance model, constructed using monthly hydrological data for the reservoir, provides quantitative evidence of seasonal evaporative concentration of as in surface waters demonstrating the predominance of hydrodynamic constraints, over geochemical ones, on the cycling of this metal in selected aquatic systems.

Brandenberger, Jill M.; Louchouarn, Patrick; Herbert, Bruce; Tissot, Philippe

2004-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

416

Clean Cities: San Diego Regional Clean Cities coalition  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

implementation to energy use and greenhouse gas (GHG) lifecycle analysis for biofuel production. Mike holds an M.S. degree from the Energy and Resources Group at UC Berkeley,...

417

Local Impact, National Influence, Global Reach UC San Diego's  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

sources of renewable energy: ­Photovoltaic energy ­Wind energy ­Fuel cell energy ­Seawater cooling · UC

Russell, Lynn

418

San Diego County, California: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

County, California: Energy Resources County, California: Energy Resources Jump to: navigation, search Equivalent URI DBpedia Coordinates 33.0933809°, -116.6081653° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":33.0933809,"lon":-116.6081653,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

419

San Diego Country Estates, California: Energy Resources | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Estates, California: Energy Resources Estates, California: Energy Resources Jump to: navigation, search Equivalent URI DBpedia Coordinates 33.006713°, -116.7836352° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":33.006713,"lon":-116.7836352,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

420

City of San Diego - Green Power Purchasing (California) | Open...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

ninth largest local government partner, consuming 69,043,000 kilowatt-hours of renewable electricity every year, 27% of the electricity consumed by the City government. Incentive...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "diego scripps hydrodynamic" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


421

San Diego's carbon footprint : measuring and mitigating greenhouse gas emissions.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Climate Change is one of the most pressing issues of our time. The best way to measure and mitigate the greenhouse gas emissions causing climate (more)

Bushman, Tara Rose

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

422

DOE - Office of Legacy Management -- San_Diego  

Office of Legacy Management (LM)

Summary VL-GA-0012, and the Transfer for the GA Project Files to the Office of Legacy Management (DOE memorandum) September 3, 2004 Shipment of General Atomics Hot Cell...

423

UNIVERSITY OF CALIFORNIA, SAN DIEGO Scalable Online Simulation for  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

2004 (Submitted for publication). X. Liu, H. Xia, and A. Chien, Validating and Scaling the MicroGrid;#12;iii The dissertation of Xin Liu is approved, and it is acceptable in quality and form for publication.2.2 Virtualizing Information Services.................................................................39 4

Chien, Andrew A.

424

The San Diego Foundation Regional Focus 2050 Study  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

demandandsupplyin2005,2030,and2050,under?normalthatbetween2004and2030,theregionwill addaboutoneUnitedStates overalluntil2030. Theregionspopulation

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

425

UNIVERSITY OF CALIFORNIA, SAN DIEGO Algorithms for Performance Driven Design  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

. (ISBN 9036945429). Walski T, Brill E, Gessler J, Goulter I, Jeppson R, Lansey K, Han-Lin L, Liebman J

Lillis, John

426

A Series of Discoidals from Northern San Diego County, California  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

the series from SDi-4575. Herring (1968) discussed a seriesAmerican Antiquity 26:361-370. Herring, AUka K. 1968 Surfaceand Moriarty 1961; Walker 1951; Herring 1968; Treganza and

Sutton, Mark Q.

1978-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

427

U.C. San Diego Foundation Financial Statements  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

for Payback Revenues Expenses ReAl eSTATe Beverly Glen Housing Project (669,129) 19,414 28,090 (692,041) STIP,807 100 Medical Plaza Tenant Improvement Costs $106,457 100 Medical Plaza Return of STIP to Plant Account,133,508 93,869,113 INTERNAL FINANCING (STIP) VILLAGE TERRACE 5,754,653 179,727 179,727 3.00% PARK WILSHIRE 4

Russell, Lynn

428

The San Diego Foundation Regional Focus 2050 Study  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

33 Figure17. Peakelectricitydemandforecastsofpeakelectricitydemandintheregion,whichpeak temperaturedataandelectricitydemandaswellasa

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

429

The San Diego Foundation Regional Focus 2050 Study  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

WaterResources. 2003. WaterDesalination:Findingsandattributable to saltwater desalination throughouttheRiver,aswellasfromdesalinationandrecycling. From

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

430

Two Milling Stone Inventories from Northern San Diego County, California  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

2, pp. 233-261 (1982). Two Milling Stone Inventories from5. Manos from Rincon 301. MILLING STONE INVENTORIES FROM SANd-e) from Rincon 301. MILLING STONE INVENTORIES FROM SAN

True, D. L; Beemer, Eleanor

1982-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

431

Biomimetic Materials Workshop at the San Diego Zoo  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

and behind the scene tour. Who should attend? The workshop is designed for researchers and engineers from multidisciplinary areas who are interested in...

432

ENERGY STAR Success Story: San Diego Convention Center | ENERGY...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

online energy management and tracking tool, Portfolio Manager, the SDCCC tracked its energy consumption and has improved the facility's overall performance. This two-page...

433

California electricity market reacted to the recent San Diego ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

The California Independent System Operator ... Major shocks to an electric system usually cause price dislocation in the real-time market, while system operators took ...

434

Rancho San Diego, California: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

472748°, -116.9353032° 472748°, -116.9353032° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":32.7472748,"lon":-116.9353032,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

435

TEPPC Meeting November 2-3, 2011 San Diego, CA  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

6, 2013 6, 2013 Jim Williams, staff, WIEB, High-Level Radioactive Waste Committee The Proposed BNSF Settlement Agreement: Background & WIEB Comments Outline: Proposed BNSF Settlement Agreement & WIEB Comments 1. Background 2. National interest in dedicated trains * Explicitly stated by NAS in 2006 * Advantages expressed by NAS 3. WIEB concerns & comments (4) * Section of settlement agreement * Basis for WIEB comment * Joint Reply from BNSF / DOE / DOD 4. Overarching points in Joint Reply & WIEB's Response to Joint Reply 5. Status 2 The Proposed BNSF Settlement Agreement: Background 1983: DOE/DOD sue 21 major railroads (see, Union Pacific, Balt & Ohio; Aberdeen & Rockfish) Re: the common carrier obligation to carry SNF/HLW in

436

University of California San Diego Procedures for Screening the  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

National Aeronautics and Space Administration OFFICE OF INSPECTOR GENERAL ISEMIANNUAL REPORT IAPRIL are not compromised. The Office of Inspector General (OIG) is continually assessing where to direct its limited Officers Act ­ and the Government Accountability Office (GAO) #12;OFFICE OF INSPECTOR GENERAL I SEMIANNUAL

Russell, Lynn

437

San Diego, CA Liquefied Natural Gas Exports to Mexico (Million ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8 Year-9; 1990's: 0: 37: 2000's: 121: 0: 0: 0-

438

Kelp Wrack: Hopping with Life in San Diego County  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Subsidies on Exposed Sandy Beaches of Southern California.of mechanically removing it from sandy beaches. Results fromecology and sustainability of sandy beaches, many of which

Dugan, Jenifer E.

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

439

The San Diego Foundation Regional Focus 2050 Study  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

smarthomeandsmartgridprograms,theconstructionofnewofmoreadvancedsmartgrid technologies,additionalin?

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

440

Hydrodynamical simulations of the jet in the symbiotic star MWC 560 III. Application to X-ray jets in symbiotic stars  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In papers I and II in this series, we presented hydrodynamical simulations of jet models with parameters representative of the symbiotic system MWC 560. These were simulations of a pulsed, initially underdense jet in a high density ambient medium. Since the pulsed emission of the jet creates internal shocks and since the jet velocity is very high, the jet bow shock and the internal shocks are heated to high temperatures and should therefore emit X-ray radiation. In this paper, we investigate in detail the X-ray properties of the jets in our models. We have focused our study on the total X-ray luminosity and its temporal variability, the resulting spectra and the spatial distribution of the emission. Temperature and density maps from our hydrodynamical simulations with radiative cooling presented in the second paper are used together with emissivities calculated with the atomic database ATOMDB. The jets in our models show extended and variable X-ray emission which can be characterized as a sum of hot and warm components with temperatures that are consistent with observations of CH Cyg and R Aqr. The X-ray spectra of our model jets show emission line features which correspond to observed features in the spectra of CH Cyg. The innermost parts of our pulsed jets show iron line emission in the 6.4 - 6.7 keV range which may explain such emission from the central source in R Aqr. We conclude that MWC 560 should be detectable with Chandra or XMM-Newton, and such X-ray observations will provide crucial for understanding jets in symbiotic stars.

Matthias Stute; Raghvendra Sahai

2007-04-17T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "diego scripps hydrodynamic" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


441

Simulation Skills of the SST-Forced Global Climate Variability of the NCEPMRF9 and the ScrippsMPI ECHAM3 Models  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The global responses of two atmospheric general circulation models (AGCM), the National Centers for Environmental PredictionMedium Range Forecast (NCEPMRF9) and the University of Hamburg climate model3 (ECHAM), to simultaneous global SST ...

Peitao Peng; Arun Kumar; Anthony G. Barnston; Lisa Goddard

2000-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

442

Advancing the use of radiocarbon in studies of global and regional carbon cycling with high precision measurements of ?C in CO? from the Scripps CO? Program  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

3.8.5 Fossil fuelvariability in fossil fuel emissions . . . . . . . . . 3.7.6pro?les of biogenic and fossil fuel-derived CO 2 from air-

Graven, Heather Dawn

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

443

Advancing the use of radiocarbon in studies of global and regional carbon cycling with high precision measurements of ?C in CO? from the Scripps CO? Program  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

50 years ago. As the nuclear weapons tests of the 1950s andexcess 14 C derived from nuclear weapons testing has beenof intensive testing of nuclear weapons during the 1950s and

Graven, Heather Dawn

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

444

Advancing the use of radiocarbon in studies of global and regional carbon cycling with high precision measurements of ?C in CO? from the Scripps CO? Program  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of radiocarbon from nuclear tests. o Nature, 206(4988),weapons tests. After the nuclear test ban treaty in 1963, ?years ago. As the nuclear weapons tests of the 1950s and 60s

Graven, Heather Dawn

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

445

LUMINOSITY DISTRIBUTION OF GAMMA-RAY BURST HOST GALAXIES AT REDSHIFT z = 1 IN COSMOLOGICAL SMOOTHED PARTICLE HYDRODYNAMIC SIMULATIONS: IMPLICATIONS FOR THE METALLICITY DEPENDENCE OF GRBs  

SciTech Connect

We study the relationship between the metallicity of gamma-ray burst (GRB) progenitors and the probability distribution function (PDF) of GRB host galaxies as a function of luminosity using cosmological hydrodynamic simulations of galaxy formation. We impose a maximum limit to the gas metallicity in which GRBs can occur and examine how the predicted luminosity PDF of GRB host galaxies changes in the simulation. We perform the Kolmogorov-Smirnov test and show that the result from our simulation agrees with the observed luminosity PDF of core-collapse supernovae (SNe) host galaxies when we assume that the core-collapse SNe trace star formation. When we assume that GRBs occur only in a low-metallicity environment with Z {approx}< 0.1 Z{sub sun}, GRBs occur in lower luminosity galaxies, and the simulated luminosity PDF becomes quantitatively consistent with the observed one. The observational bias against the host galaxies of optically dark GRBs owing to dust extinction may be another reason for the lower luminosities of GRB host galaxies, but the observed luminosity PDF of GRB host galaxies cannot be reproduced solely by the dust bias in our simulation.

Niino, Yuu; Totani, Tomonori [Department of Astronomy, School of Science, Kyoto University, Sakyo-ku, Kyoto 606-8502 (Japan); Choi, Jun-Hwan; Nagamine, Kentaro; Zhang Bing [Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of Nevada, Las Vegas, 4505 S. Maryland Pkwy, Las Vegas, NV 89154-4002 (United States); Kobayashi, Masakazu A. R., E-mail: niinou@kusastro.kyoto-u.ac.jp [Optical and Infrared Astronomy Division, National Astronomical Observatory of Japan, Mitaka, Tokyo 181-8588 (Japan)

2011-01-10T23:59:59.000Z

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HYDRODYNAMIC MODELS FOR SLURRY BUBBLE COLUMN REACTORS. FINAL TECHNICAL REPORT ALSO INCLUDES THE QUARTERLY TECHNICAL REPORT FOR THE PERIOD 01/01/1997 - 03/31/1997.  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The objective of this study is to develop a predictive experimentally verified computational fluid dynamic (CFD) three phase model. It predicts the gas, liquid and solid hold-ups (volume fractions) and flow patterns in the industrially important bubble-coalesced (churn-turbulent) regime. The input into the model can be either particulate viscosities as measured with a Brookfield viscometer or effective restitution coefficient for particles. A combination of x-ray and {gamma}-ray densitometers was used to measure solid and liquid volume fractions. There is a fair agreement between the theory and the experiment. A CCD camera was used to measure instantaneous particle velocities. There is a good agreement between the computed time average velocities and the measurements. There is an excellent agreement between the viscosity of 800 {micro}m glass beads obtained from measurement of granular temperature (random kinetic energy of particles) and the measurement using a Brookfield viscometer. A relation between particle Reynolds stresses and granular temperature was found for developed flow. Such measurement and computations gave a restitution coefficient for a methanol catalyst to be about 0.9. A transient, two-dimensional hydrodynamic model for production of methanol from syn-gas in an Air Products/DOE LaPorte slurry bubble column reactor was developed. The model predicts downflow of catalyst at the walls and oscillatory particle and gas flow at the center, with a frequency of about 0.7 Hertz. The computed temperature variation in the rector with heat exchangers was only about 5 K, indicating good thermal management. The computed slurry height, the gas holdup and the rate of methanol production agree with LaPorte's reported data. Unlike the previous models in the literature, this model computes the gas and the particle holdups and the particle rheology. The only adjustable parameter in the model is the effective particle restitution coefficient.

DIMITRI GIDASPOW

1997-08-15T23:59:59.000Z

447

Browse wiki | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Facebook icon Twitter icon Browse wiki Jump to: navigation, search Center for Environment and National Security at Scripps Depiction File:ScrippsLogo.PNG + FoafHomepage...

448

ARM - Publications: Science Team Meeting Documents  

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Whole-Sky Imager Data Retrieval Whole-Sky Imager Data Retrieval Tooman, T.P., Christensen, G.J., Sandia National Laboratories; Shields, J., and Karr, M., Marine Physical Laboratory, Scripps Institution of Oceanography, University of California San Diego; Moore, S., and Sowle, D., Mission Research Corporation Ninth Atmospheric Radiation Measurement (ARM) Science Team Meeting The Whole-Sky Imager (WSI) is an automated imager used for assessing and documenting cloud fields and cloud field dynamics. Four WSI instruments have been deployed on hard surfaces: one in the Southern Great Plains, two in the Tropical Western Pacific, and one in the North Slope of Alaska. Additionally another instrument has been deployed on an ice breaker in the Polar Ice Cap - Surface Heat Budget of the Arctic (SHEBA). These electronic

449

Section 29  

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7 7 Broadband and Spectral Flux Measurements During the ARESE and ARM-UAV Spring 1996 Campaigns B. C. Bush, A. Bucholtz, S. K. Pope, T. Strawa, P. Flatau and F.P.J. Valero Atmospheric Research Laboratory Scripps Institution of Oceanography University of California, San Diego Introduction We present data collected over a 3-week period at the Atmospheric Radiation Measurement (ARM) Southern Great Plains (SGP) site from three remote ground stations located along the main flight tracks of the ARM Enhanced Shortwave Experiment (ARESE). Each ground station consisted of three hemispherical field-of-view instruments: a total solar broadband radiometer (TSBR), fractional solar broadband radiometer (FSBR), and a total direct diffuse radiometer (TDDR). This radiation measurement system (RAMS) was

450

ARM - Publications: Science Team Meeting Documents  

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Evaluating Stochastic Radiative Transfer Evaluating Stochastic Radiative Transfer Lane, D.E. (a), Somerville, R.C.J. (b), and Iacobellis, S.F. (b), CIRES, University of Colorado, Boulder (a), Scripps Institution of Oceanography, University of California, San Diego (b) Eleventh Atmospheric Radiation Measurement (ARM) Science Team Meeting Stochastic modeling is a promising technique for representing shortwave radiative transfer through scattered, low-level clouds. A distinct advantage of this approach is that a stochastic model can accurately calculate the radiative heating rates through a broken cloud layer without requiring an exact description of the cloud geometry. In this paper a single-column model is employed to quantify the influence of the stochastic approach on model thermodynamics for times when broken cloud fields were

451

Carbon Dioxide, Hydrographic, and Chemical Data Obtained During the R/V  

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1 in the Equatorial Pacific Ocean (WOCE Section P17C) 1 in the Equatorial Pacific Ocean (WOCE Section P17C) NDP-062 (1997) data Download the Data and ASCII Documentation files of NDP-062 PDF Download a PDF of NDP-062 image Contributed by Catherine Goyet,1 Robert M. Key,2 Kevin F. Sullivan,3 and Mizuki Tsuchiya4 1Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, Woods Hole, Massachusetts 2Princeton University, Princeton, New Jersey 3Rosensteil School of Marine and Atmospheric Sciences, University of Miami, Miami, Florida 4Scripps Institution of Oceanography, University of California, San Diego, California Prepared by Alexander Kozyr5 Carbon Dioxide Information Analysis Center Oak Ridge National Laboratory Oak Ridge, Tennessee 5Energy, Environment, and Resources Center The University of Tennessee Knoxville, Tennessee Environmental Sciences Division

452

Section 96  

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Single-Column Modeling, Single-Column Modeling, General Circulation Model Parameterizations, and Atmospheric Radiation Measurement Data S. F. Iacobellis, D. E. Lane and R. C. J. Somerville Scripps Institution of Oceanography University of California, San Diego La Jolla, California Introduction We have developed a single-column model (SCM) to validate general circulation model (GCM) cloud-radiation parameterizations against Atmospheric Radiation Measure- ment (ARM) observational data. The SCM is a computation- ally efficient, one-dimensional representation of the atmos- pheric column overlying a single GCM grid cell. The SCM is integrated in time from observed initial states and is constrained with observational estimates of horizontal flux convergences. The surface latent and sensible heat fluxes

453

storvold-98.pdf  

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3 3 Boundary-Layer Structure Obtained with a Tethered Balloon System and Large-Scale Observations of the Arctic Basin Obtained with a Satellite Data Acquisition System at the SHEBA Ice Camp R. Storvold, H. A. Eide, P. Utley, K. Stamnes, and G. Adalsgeirsdottir University of Alaska Fairbanks Fairbanks, Alaska D. Lubin Scripps Institution of Oceanography University of California, San Diego LaJolla, California B. D. Zak Sandia National Laboratories Albuquerque, New Mexico P. Lawson SPEC, Inc. Stratton Park Engineering Company, Inc. Boulder, Colorado T. Svendby University of Oslo Oslo, Norway R. Moritz University of Washington Seattle, Washington J. A. Moore National Center for Atmospheric Research Boulder, Colorado Abstract Temperature, wind, and water vapor profiles through the

454

Sensitivity of Radiative Fluxes and Heating Rates to Cloud Microphysics  

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Sensitivity of Radiative Fluxes and Heating Sensitivity of Radiative Fluxes and Heating Rates to Cloud Microphysics S. F. Iacobellis and R. C. J. Somerville Scripps Institution of Oceanography University of California, San Diego La Jolla, California G. M. McFarquhar University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign Urbana, Illinois D. L. Mitchell Desert Research Institute Reno, Nevada Introduction A single-column model (SCM) is used to examine the sensitivity of basic quantities such as atmospheric radiative heating rates and surface and top of atmosphere (TOA) radiative fluxes to various parameter- izations of clouds and cloud microphysics. The SCM was run at the Atmospheric Radiation Measurement (ARM) Program's Southern Great Plains (SGP), Tropical Western Pacific (TWP), and North Slope of Alaska (NSA) sites using forcing data derived from forecast products. The forecast

455

Hierarchical Diagnosis J. E. Bossert, C.- Y .J. Kao, and J. L. Winterkamp  

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Bossert, C.- Y .J. Kao, and J. L. Winterkamp Bossert, C.- Y .J. Kao, and J. L. Winterkamp Earth and Environmental Sciences Division Los Alamos National Laboratory Los Alamos, NM 87545 J. O. Roads and S.-C. Chen Scripps Institution of Oceanography University of California at San Diego La Jolla, CA 92093 Introduction for long-term simulations. While GCMs are global and were developed to run for extended periods, the evolution of mesoscale modeling has been far different and has focused upon short integration periods on the order of a diurnal cycle, with grid domains covering only a small portion of the globe. Correspondingly, the physical parameterizations within the mesoscale model have not been thoroughly tested for long integration periods. In addition, specification of lateral boundary conditions from

456

iacobellis-98.pdf  

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Analysis of Cloud-Radiation Interactions Using ARM Analysis of Cloud-Radiation Interactions Using ARM Observations and a Single-Column Model S. F. Iacobellis, R. C. J. Somerville, D. E. Lane, and J. Berque Scripps Institution of Oceanography University of California San Diego, California Introduction In this study, observations from the Atmospheric Radiation Measurement (ARM) Southern Great Plains' (SGP) site are used to test the realism of results produced by various cloud parameterizations within a single-column model (SCM). The cloud parameterizations differ with regard to the inclusion of cloud liquid water, the specification of the effective cloud droplet radius, and the parameterization of the cloud optical properties (both solar and terrestrial). The SCM is a diagnostic model resembling a single vertical

457

News Item  

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Yi Liu Yi Liu Liu Staff Scientist, Organic and Macromolecular Synthesis YLiu@lbl.gov 510.486.6287 personal website Biography Yi Liu is a Staff Scientist in the Organic and Macromolecular Synthesis Facility. He obtained a Ph.D. in Chemistry in 2004 from the University of California, Los Angeles under the direction of Sir. J. Fraser Stoddart. After his postdoctoral research with Professor K. Barry Sharpless at the Scripps Research Institute, San Diego, he joined the Foundry in 2006 as an independent Principle Investigator and was promoted to the career Staff Scientist in 2011. Research Interests Dr. Liu's research aims to achieve coherent control of functionality and properties across different scales through molecular level design and synthesis. With the developed materials chemistry, Dr. Liu has not only

458

Posters Diagnostic Analysis of Cloud Radiative Properties R.C.J. Somerville and S. F. Iacobellis  

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1 1 Posters Diagnostic Analysis of Cloud Radiative Properties R.C.J. Somerville and S. F. Iacobellis Scripps Institution of Oceanography University of California, San Diego La Jolla, California Introduction A current dilemma of climate modeling is that general circulation model (GCM) results are extremely sensitive to parameterizations of certain poorly understood physical processes, most notably cloud-radiation interactions. As a result, models with different plausible parameterizations give very different results. Yet, we have no firm basis for knowing which parameterization is more nearly "correct." It is true that parameterizations are not the only shortcoming of GCMs. Our current ability to create models that will adequately simulate today's climate and predict its evolution

459

cederwall-98.pdf  

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3 3 The ARM SCM Intercomparison Study-Overview and Preliminary Results for Case 1 R. T. Cederwall and J. J. Yio Atmospheric Science Division Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory Livermore, California S. K. Krueger Department of Meteorology University of Utah Salt Lake City, Utah Introduction The Single-Column Model (SCM) Working Group in the Atmospheric Radiation Measurement (ARM) Program has begun a series of SCM Intercomparison case studies to evaluate the adequacy of the forcing data sets and the progress of SCM formulations. There are nine modeling groups participating, which include eight SCMs: Ghan [Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL)], Randall/ Cripe [Colorado State University (CSU)], Somerville/ Iacobellis [Scripps/University of California, San Diego

460

Technical Sessions S. Lovejoy, A. Davis, Y. Tessier Physics Department  

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S. Lovejoy, A. Davis, Y. Tessier S. Lovejoy, A. Davis, Y. Tessier Physics Department McGill University Montreal, Quebec, Canada D. Schertzer, R. Borde laboratoire de Meteorologie Dynamique Universite Pierre et Marie Curie Paris, France R. Frouin Scripps Institution of Oceanography University of California, San Diego La Jolla, CA 92093-0221 C. Gautier, D. Lavallee Earth Space Research Group University of California Santa Barbara, CA size. It is now clear that the relevant scale changes can be quite general, involving not only stratification (e.g., because of gravity), but also differential rotation (the Coriolis force), and other more complex operations. Between the inner viscous scale and the outer planetary scale, the fundamental dynamical equations of the atmosphere involve no char- acteristic length; this is the physical basis of the scaling.

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461

Single-Column Modeling  

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C.J. Somerville and S. F. lacobellis C.J. Somerville and S. F. lacobellis Climate Research Division Scripps Institution of Oceanography University of California, San Diego La Jolla, CA 92093-0224 Our project is centered around a computationally efficient and economical one-dimensional (vertical) model, resembling a single column of a general circulation model (GCM) grid, applied to the experimental site of the Atmospheric Radiation Measurement (ARM) Program. The model contains a full set of modern GCM parameterizations of subgrid physical processes. To force the model, the advective terms in the budget equations are specified observationally from operational numerical weather prediction analyses. These analyses, based on four-dimensional data assimilation techniques, provide dynamically consistent wind fields and horizontal gradients

462

lane-98.pdf  

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9 9 Single-Column Model Sensitivity to Changes in Horizontal and Vertical Resolution D. E. Lane, R. C. J. Somerville, S. F. Iacobellis, and J. Berque Scripps Institution of Oceanography University of California, San Diego La Jolla, California Introduction We examine the importance of vertical and horizontal resolution to parameterization of subgrid scale physical processes. We have developed a one-dimensional, diagnos- tic model of the atmospheric column overlying a region the size of a single general circulation model (GCM) grid cell. The model is similar in concept to the one described by Iacobellis and Somerville (1991a,b). The most recent version of the model contains simulations of physical proc- esses typical of contemporary GCMs. These algorithms are

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