Powered by Deep Web Technologies
Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "diamond thrust bearings" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


1

US Synthetic Corp (TRL 4 Component)- The Development of Open, Water Lubricated Polycrystalline Diamond Thrust Bearings for use in Marine Hydrokinetic (MHK) Energy Machines  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

US Synthetic Corp (TRL 4 Component) - The Development of Open, Water Lubricated Polycrystalline Diamond Thrust Bearings for use in Marine Hydrokinetic (MHK) Energy Machines

2

Measurements versus Predictions for a Hybrid (Hydrostatic plus Hydrodynamic Thrust Bearing for a Range of Orifice Diameters  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A fixed geometry hybrid thrust bearing is investigated with three different supply orifice diameters. The test rig uses a face-to-face thrust bearing design, with the test bearing acting as the rotor loading mechanism. A hydraulic shaker applies...

Esser, Paul R.

2011-08-08T23:59:59.000Z

3

Test-Theory Correlation Study for an Ultra High Temperature Thrust Magnetic Bearing  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Magnetic bearings have been researched by the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) for a very long time to be used in wide applications. This research was to assemble and test an axial thrust electromagnetic bearing, which can handle...

Desireddy, Vijesh R.

2010-01-14T23:59:59.000Z

4

The Modified Phan-Thien and Tanner model applied to turbochargers thrust bearing  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

ABSTRACT In this paper, an unsteady thermohydrodynamic formulation of a turbocharger’s thrust bearing contact is presented. The Modified Phan-Thien and Tanner model takes into account complex rheological characteristics of the lubricant, transient aspects and inertia effects due to the very high rotational speed. An extensive rheological testing campaign was performed to get data as input for the numerical model. The results obtained from this model are compared to experimental data provided by a thrust bearing rig. It shows acceptable correlation between prediction and test data of axial thrust load versus thrust bearing oil film thickness for two typical turbocharger frame sizes.

B. Rémy; T. Lamquin; B. Bou-Saïd

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

5

Spring-supported thrust bearings used in hydroelectric generators: Limit ofhydrodynamic lubrication  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The fluid film breakdown in large spring-supported thrust bearings was examined experimentally for low rotor speeds. Under these conditions, the lubrication was hydrodynamic rather than thermohydrodynamic and thus, the limit of hydrodynamic lubrication was sought. A thrust bearing test facility was used to test three bearings with various loads, speeds, and lubricant viscosities. Power loss and oil temperatures were measured and, using elementary theory, these measured quantities were linked to friction and average fluid film thickness in the bearing. A dimensionless performance number was developed and correlated with the coefficient of friction based on the power loss measurements. The breakdown of fluid film lubrication at the limit of hydrodynamic lubrication was established for an average performance number. The accuracy of the experimental findings was explored by comparing the friction and film thickness calculated from the measurements with the predictions of a comprehensive software package. Some general agreement was obtained. The relationship between the lambda ratio and a modified performance number was also examined based on typical surface roughness measurements. Although the procedures developed did not provide a high level of precision, some clear insights were gained into the thrust bearing behaviour at the limit of hydrodynamic lubrication. In particular, a large spring-supported thrust bearing under a typical load with a common lubricant was shown to sustain predominantly hydrodynamic lubrication at rotational speeds as low as 10 rpm.

A.L. Brown; J.B. Medley; J.H. Ferguson

2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

6

Method of forming fluorine-bearing diamond layer on substrates, including tool substrates  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A method of forming a fluorine-bearing diamond layer on non-diamond substrates, especially on tool substrates comprising a metal matrix and hard particles, such as tungsten carbide particles, in the metal matrix. The substrate and a fluorine-bearing plasma or other gas are then contacted under temperature and pressure conditions effective to nucleate fluorine-bearing diamond on the substrate. A tool insert substrate is treated prior to the diamond nucleation and growth operation by etching both the metal matrix and the hard particles using suitable etchants.

Chang, R. P. H. (Glenview, IL); Grannen, Kevin J. (Evanston, IL)

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

7

Spring-Supported thrust bearings for hydroelectric generators: Influence of oil viscosity on power loss  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Energy losses in the spring-supported thrust bearings used in many large hydroelectric generator units were estimated to be small compared to the rate of energy (power) generation but, nevertheless, commercially significant. The purpose of the present study was examine the influence of oil viscosity on power loss. Experiments were performed using a test facility containing a thrust bearing of 1.2 m outer diameter and both power loss and temperature rise were measured for oils of ISO grade 32, 46 and 68, all at various oil pot temperatures. Power loss and temperature rise decreased as the viscosity of the oil in the oil pot decreased. Minimum oil film thicknesses were predicted with numerical analysis using a specialized software package (GENMAT). The accuracy of this calculation was supported by the good agreement between the temperature rise predicted by numerical analysis and the experimentally determined values. Provided film thickness were adequate to avoid any danger of wiping (10 – 15 ?m), the present study showed clearly that significant energy savings could be realized in the large spring-supported thrust bearings and associated guide bearings by lowering oil viscosities.

J.H. Ferguson; J.H. Yuan; J.B. Medley

1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

8

A case study on thrust bearing failures at the SÃO SIMÃO hydroelectric power plant  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract After twenty years without any apparent problems on their combined guide and thrust bearings, the six 280 MW hydrogenerators of the São Simão Hydroelectric Power Plant were failing. The source of the failure was the melting of the thrust pad babbitt lining. The machines began showing performance failures, leading to a sudden interruption in their operation. This caused considerable losses with high direct and indirect costs. The solution proposed by the bearing manufacturer was an improvement in the bearing design and the installation of new water–oil heat exchangers. The direct cost of their solution was estimated to be US $2,400,000.00. In a search for a less expensive alternative, CEMIG started a parallel study focused on the heat exchangers. A methodology based on heat transfer was applied, indicating that an increase in the heat exchange surface area could solve the problem. A third heat exchanger was added in one machine that already possessed two. The results fulfilled the preliminary predictions, eliminating the risk of additional babbitt lining failures. As a consequence of this success modeling, heat exchangers were replaced by stainless steel plate ones in all machines. This alternative solution had a total direct cost of US $600,000.00.

Matheus P. Porto; Licínio C. Porto; Ricardo N.N. Koury; Ernani W. Soares; Fernanda G. Coelho; Luiz Machado

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

9

Spring-supported thrust bearings used in hydroelectric generators: Finite element analysis of pad deflection  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

An iterative solution technique has been developed for fluid film lubrication of large spring-supported thrust bearings subject to hydrodynamic and hydrostatic lubrication using finite element analysis for pad deflection. Oil film pressures are obtained using a control volume formulation of the Reynolds equation while pad deflections are determined with a commercial finite element analysis package. Low rotor speeds are specified so that isothermal conditions prevail. A computer program links these two numerical methods to implement a solution procedure that consists of iterative loops for applied load, input flow rate, and pad deflection. Illustrative solutions have been obtained showing the influence of spring stiffness, lubricant viscosity, load, and location of the hydrostatic supply pocket.

Ms.A.L. Brown; Dr.J.B. Medley; Mr.J.H. Ferguson

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

10

Theoretical considerations of static and dynamic characteristics of air foil thrust bearing with tilt and slip flow  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The thrust pad of the rotor is used to sustain the axial force generated due to the pressure difference between the compressor and turbine sides of turbomachinery such as gas turbines, compressors, and turbochargers. Furthermore, this thrust pad has a role to maintain and determines the attitude of the rotor. In a real system, it also helps reinforce the stiffness and damping of the journal bearing. This study was performed for the purpose of analyzing the characteristics of the air foil thrust bearing. The model for the air foil thrust bearing used in this study is composed of two parts: one is an inclined plane, which plays a role in increasing the load carrying capacity using the physical wedge effect, and the other is a flat plane. This study mainly consists of three parts. First, the static characteristics were obtained over the region of the thin air film using the finite-difference method (FDM) and the bump foil characteristics using the finite-element method (FEM). Second, the analysis of the dynamic characteristics was conducted by perturbation method. For more exact calculation, the rarefaction gas coefficients perturbed about the pressure and film thickness were taken into consideration. At last, the static and dynamic characteristics of the tilting condition of the thrust pad were obtained. Furthermore, the load carrying capacity and torque were calculated for both tilting and nontilting conditions. From this study, several results were presented: (1) the stiffness and damping of the bump foil under the condition of the various bump parameters, (2) the load carrying capacity and bearing torque at the tilting state, (3) the bearing performance for various bearing parameters, and (4) the effects considering the rarefaction gas coefficients.

Dong-Jin Park; Chang-Ho Kim; Gun-Hee Jang; Yong-Bok Lee

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

11

Dynamics of a parallel, high-speed, lubricated thrust bearing with Navier slip boundary conditions  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......and slip bearings is in the development of fluid stiffness and the minimum...carried out at the University Technology Centre in Gas Turbine Transmission Systems at the...and stability of self-acting gas journal bearings. J. Tribol......

N.Y. Bailey; K.A. Cliffe; S. Hibberd; H. Power

2014-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

12

Development of Externally Pressurized Thrust Bearing for High Expansion Ratio Expander  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The authors developed an expander for a helium liquefier of 100 L/h liquefaction capacity used for a superconducting generator. This paper focuses on the development of the shaft-bearing system, which uses a t...

N. Ino; A. Machida; K. Tsugawa; Y. Arai; H. Hashimoto…

1991-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

13

Investigation into the failure cause of a double-acting, leading-edge-groove, tilting-pad thrust bearing. Final report, Feb-Aug 90  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This report describes the results of bench tests simulating operation and failure of a thrust bearing used in a gas turbine engine compressor development test rig. The bearing was a double acting, tilting pad with offset pivot, leading edge groove configuration using an AMS 4928 titanium collar and C18200 copper-chrome alloy pads with a No. 2 babbitt face. The bench tests successfully simulated the bearing failure and demonstrated a materials incompatibility. This was supported by visual examination, scanning electron microscopy and X-ray energy spectroscopy. A comparison of the bench test results to the compressor rig bearing failure is provided to support the report conclusions.

Peterson, B.K.

1990-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

14

An isoviscous, isothermal model investigating the influence of hydrostatic recesses on a spring-supported tilting pad thrust bearing  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Tilting-pad hydrodynamic thrust bearings are used in hydroelectric power stations around the world, reliably supporting turbines weighing hundreds of tonnes, over decades of service. Newer designs incorporate hydrostatic recesses machined into the sector-shaped pads.With the aid of external oil pressurisation at low rotational speeds, oil film thickness is increased, thereby reducing friction and wear to the benefit of service life and reliability. It follows that older generating plants, lacking such assistance, stand to benefit from being retrofitted with hydrostatic lubrication systems. The design process is not trivial however – the need to increase the groove area to permit spontaneous lifting of the turbine under hydrostatic operation conflicts with the need to preserve performance of the original plane pad design. A haphazardly designed recess can change the pressure distribution of the oil film in such a way as to tilt the pad away from its optimum position. This may lead to reduced oil film thickness and increased temperature, which is concomitant with reduced mechanical efficiency and increased risk of damage to the bearing surfaces. It is therefore, inadvisable to ignore the presence of grooves in simulations. In this work, a numerical study of a sector-shaped pad is undertaken to understand how recess size and shape can affect the performance of a typical bearing. An isoviscous, isothermal model has been used in this instance because the operating conditions of the turbine in question were shown not to be severe enough to warrant the computational expense of a fully coupled thermoelastic hydrodynamic model.

Dennis V. De Pellegrin; Douglas J. Hargreaves

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

15

Measuring axial pump thrust  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

An apparatus for measuring the hydraulic axial thrust of a pump under operation conditions is disclosed. The axial thrust is determined by forcing the rotating impeller off of an associated thrust bearing by use of an elongate rod extending coaxially with the pump shaft. The elongate rod contacts an impeller retainer bolt where a bearing is provided. Suitable measuring devices measure when the rod moves to force the impeller off of the associated thrust bearing and the axial force exerted on the rod at that time. The elongate rod is preferably provided in a housing with a heat dissipation mechanism whereby the hot fluid does not affect the measuring devices. 1 fig.

Suchoza, B.P.; Becse, I.

1988-11-08T23:59:59.000Z

16

2D THD and 3D TEHD analysis of large spindle supported thrust bearings with pins and double layer system used in the three gorges hydroelectric generators  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A 2D THD model and a 3DTEHD model for large spindle supported thrust bearings were set up and used to analyze the lubrication performance of the Three Gorges test thrust beating withpins and double layer system developed by Alstom Power. The finite difference method was employed to solve the THD model, and the thermal-elasticdeformations in the pad and runner were obtained by the finite element software ANSYS11.0. The data transfer between the THD model and ANSYS11.0 was carried out automatically by an interface program.A detailed comparison between the experimental results and numerical predictions by the two different modelsset up in this paper was carried out. Poor agreement has been found between the theoretical results obtained by 2D THD model and experimental data, while 3D TEHD provides fairly good agreement, confirming the importance of thermal effects and thermal-elastic deformations in both pad and runner.

B Huang; Z D Wu; J L Wu; L Q Wang

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

17

Thermodynamic modelling of Cr-bearing garnets with implications for diamond inclusions and peridotite xenoliths  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, Zürich, Switzerland e Geological Survey of Western Australia, Mineral House, 100 Plain Street, East Perth zonations result from metasomatic processes. This sheds further light on peridotitic diamond inclusions

18

A Diamond Trilogy: Superplumes, Supercontinents, and Supernovae  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...the fourth most abundant element in the solar system after hydrogen, helium, and oxygen...explosions, other diamonds bear witness to solar system formation, and diamonds from our...the implications of diamond for Earth and solar system processes. Diamond Synthesis The many...

Stephen E. Haggerty

1999-08-06T23:59:59.000Z

19

The diamonds of South Australia  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Diamonds in South Australia occur in kimberlites at Eurelia (Orroroo), and in placer deposits, which include the Springfield Basin and the historic Echunga goldfield. To identify the kimberlitic and mantle sources of the placer diamonds, and to determine any possible connections between the placer diamonds and the diamonds from the Eurelia kimberlites, we examined the physical and compositional characteristics, and the mineral inclusion content of 122 diamonds from the Springfield Basin and 43 diamonds from kimberlites at Eurelia. Additional morphological data for three Echunga diamonds are also given. Most of the diamonds from the Springfield Basin are similar to the diamonds from Eurelia with respect to their crystal shapes, surface textures, and colors. The diamond populations from both areas are characterized by a high abundance of low-nitrogen (Basin diamonds are similar to the Eurelia diamonds with ?13C values in the range ? 20.0 to ? 2.5‰, and a mode at ? 6.5‰. Ferropericlase inclusions in two diamonds from the Springfield Basin are consistent with ferropericlase-bearing mineral inclusion assemblages found in the Eurelia diamonds and indicate that part of the diamond population from both areas is of sublithospheric origin. One diamond from the Springfield Basin contained an inclusion of lherzolitic garnet. The overall similarities between the Springfield Basin and Eurelia diamonds indicates that the bulk of the Springfield Basin diamonds are derived from kimberlitic sources that are similar (or identical) to those at Eurelia. However, three diamonds from the Springfield Basin are markedly distinct. These have well-developed crystal shapes, large sizes, yellow body colorations, and brown irradiation spots. The brown irradiation spots and abrasion textures provide evidence that these diamonds are much older than the other diamonds in the Springfield Basin, and that they are derived from distal kimberlitic sources. The diamonds are most likely derived from Permian glacigene sediments and may ultimately be sourced from kimberlites on the East Antarctic craton. Abrasion textures and brown irradiation spots are also present on diamonds from Echunga. This provides a link to the three “old” Springfield Basin diamonds and other alluvial diamonds in Eastern Australia, and suggests that Permian glaciations caused a widespread distribution of diamonds over large parts of southern Australia, which at that time was part of the supercontinent Gondwana.

Ralf Tappert; John Foden; Thomas Stachel; Karlis Muehlenbachs; Michelle Tappert; Kevin Wills

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

20

diamond pipeline  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

the various steps through, which a diamond passes from production to marketing not including the end consumer. Also called diamond chain , pipeline ...

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "diamond thrust bearings" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


21

Diamond Nanophotonics  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The burgeoning field of nanophotonics has grown to be a major research area, primarily because of the ability to control and manipulate single quantum systems (emitters) and single photons on demand. For many years studying nanophotonic phenomena was limited to traditional semiconductors (including silicon and GaAs) and experiments were carried out predominantly at cryogenic temperatures. In the last decade, however, diamond has emerged as a new contender to study photonic phenomena at the nanoscale. Offering plethora of quantum emitters that are optically active at room temperature and ambient conditions, diamond has been exploited to demonstrate super-resolution microscopy and realize entanglement, Purcell enhancement and other quantum and classical nanophotonic effects. Elucidating the importance of diamond as a material, this review will highlight the recent achievements in the field of diamond nanophotonics, and convey a roadmap for future experiments and technological advancements.

Igor Aharonovich; Elke Neu

2014-08-23T23:59:59.000Z

22

Diamond Nanophotonics  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The burgeoning field of nanophotonics has grown to be a major research area, primarily because of the ability to control and manipulate single quantum systems (emitters) and single photons on demand. For many years studying nanophotonic phenomena was limited to traditional semiconductors (including silicon and GaAs) and experiments were carried out predominantly at cryogenic temperatures. In the last decade, however, diamond has emerged as a new contender to study photonic phenomena at the nanoscale. Offering plethora of quantum emitters that are optically active at room temperature and ambient conditions, diamond has been exploited to demonstrate super-resolution microscopy and realize entanglement, Purcell enhancement and other quantum and classical nanophotonic effects. Elucidating the importance of diamond as a material, this review will highlight the recent achievements in the field of diamond nanophotonics, and convey a roadmap for future experiments and technological advancements.

Aharonovich, Igor

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

23

Oppenheimer Diamond  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...an uncut, light yellow, octahedral diamond crystal of 253.70 cts, found in 1964 in Dutoitspan Mine, South Africa. It was owned by Harry Winston and presented to Smithsonian Institution, Washington, DC, USA, in...

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

24

Diamond fiber field emitters  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A field emission electron emitter comprising an electrode formed of at least one diamond, diamond-like carbon or glassy carbon composite fiber, said composite fiber having a non-diamond core and a diamond, diamond-like carbon or glassy carbon coating on said non-diamond core, and electronic devices employing such a field emission electron emitter.

Blanchet-Fincher, Graciela B. (Wilmington, DE); Coates, Don M. (Santa Fe, NM); Devlin, David J. (Los Alamos, NM); Eaton, David F. (Wilmington, DE); Silzars, Aris K. (Landenburg, PA); Valone, Steven M. (Santa Fe, NM)

1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

25

E-Print Network 3.0 - aluminium-based journal bearing Sample...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

of the microbearing system lies in a small journal-bearing... system drag (journal plus thrust bear- ings). The design output power of this turbine is on the order... , the...

26

A simplified thermohydrodynamic model for fluid film bearings. Final report, February 15, 1992--February 15, 1994  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We aim to develop a simplified yet realistic model of fluid film lubrication under thermohydrodynamic conditions, with significant thermal and elastic deformation of the bearing pads. The principal thrust is transfer of technology from the researcher to the industrial designer: the end product will include two user-friendly computer programs, one for journal bearings and the other for thrust bearings, to be used for bearing design in interactive mode on a personal computer.

Szeri, A.Z. [Pittsburgh Univ., PA (United States). Dept. of Mechanical Engineering

1994-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

27

Bearing system  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A bearing system includes backup bearings for supporting a rotating shaft upon failure of primary bearings. In the preferred embodiment, the backup bearings are rolling element bearings having their rolling elements disposed out of contact with their associated respective inner races during normal functioning of the primary bearings. Displacement detection sensors are provided for detecting displacement of the shaft upon failure of the primary bearings. Upon detection of the failure of the primary bearings, the rolling elements and inner races of the backup bearings are brought into mutual contact by axial displacement of the shaft.

Kapich, Davorin D. (Carlsbad, CA)

1987-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

28

CFES RESEARCH THRUSTS: Energy Storage  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

CFES RESEARCH THRUSTS: Energy Storage Wind Energy Solar Energy Smart Grids Smart Buildings For our on their progress and findings Along with the research advances, sponsors will benefit from the visibility

Lü, James Jian-Qiang

29

San Juan Montana Thrust Belt WY Thrust Belt Black Warrior  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

San San Juan Montana Thrust Belt WY Thrust Belt Black Warrior Paradox - San Juan NW (2) Uinta- Piceance Paradox - San Juan SE (2) Florida Peninsula Appalachian- NY (1) Appalachian OH-PA (2) Appalachian Eastern PA (3) Appalachian Southern OH (4) Appalachian Eastern WV (5) Appalachian WV-VA (6) Appalachian TN-KY (7) Piceance Greater Green River Eastern OR-WA Ventura Williston Williston NE (2) Williston NW (1) Williston South (3) Eastern Great Basin Ventura West, Central, East Eastern OR-WA Eastern Great Basin Appalachian Denver Florida Peninsula Black Warrior W Y T h ru st B e lt Powder River Paradox- Uinta- Grtr Green River MT Thrust Belt Powder River North (1) Powder River South (2) Denver North (1) Denver South (3) Denver Middle (2) TX CA MT AZ ID NV NM CO IL OR UT KS WY IA NE SD MN ND OK FL WI MO AL WA GA AR LA MI IN PA NY NC MS TN KY VA OH SC

30

Diamond tool machining of materials which react with diamond  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

An apparatus is described for the diamond machining of materials which detrimentally react with diamond cutting tools in which the cutting tool and the workpiece are chilled to very low temperatures. This chilling halts or retards the chemical reaction between the workpiece and the diamond cutting tool so that wear rates of the diamond tool on previously detrimental materials are comparable with the diamond turning of materials which do not react with diamond. 1 figs.

Lundin, R.L.; Stewart, D.D.; Evans, C.J.

1992-04-14T23:59:59.000Z

31

CURRICULUM VITAE Howard J. Diamond  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

______________________ CURRICULUM VITAE FOR Howard J. Diamond ______________________ NOAA.diamond@noaa.gov or hjdiamond45@gmail.com #12;Curriculum Vitae Mr. Howard Jeffrey Diamond NOAA/National Climatic Data Center

32

Diamond films: Historical perspective  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This section is a compilation of notes and published international articles about the development of methods of depositing diamond films. Vapor deposition articles are included from American, Russian, and Japanese publications. The international competition to develop new deposition methodologies is stressed. The current status of chemical vapor deposition of diamond is assessed.

Messier, R. [Pennsylvania State Univ., University Park (United States)

1993-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

33

Measured and Predicted Rotor-Pad Transfer Functions for a Rocker-Pivot Tilting-Pad Journal Bearing  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Many researchers have compared predicted stiffness and damping coefficients for tilting-pad journal bearings (TPJBs) to measurements. Most have found that direct damping is consistently overpredicted. The thrust of this research is to explain...

Wilkes, Jason Christopher

2012-02-14T23:59:59.000Z

34

Diamond machine tool face lapping machine  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

An apparatus for shaping, sharpening and polishing diamond-tipped single-point machine tools. The isolation of a rotating grinding wheel from its driving apparatus using an air bearing and causing the tool to be shaped, polished or sharpened to be moved across the surface of the grinding wheel so that it does not remain at one radius for more than a single rotation of the grinding wheel has been found to readily result in machine tools of a quality which can only be obtained by the most tedious and costly processing procedures, and previously unattainable by simple lapping techniques.

Yetter, H.H.

1985-05-06T23:59:59.000Z

35

Diamond nanobeam waveguide optomechanics  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Optomechanical devices sensitively transduce and actuate motion of nanomechanical structures using light, and are central to many recent fundamental studies and technological advances. Single--crystal diamond promises to improve the performance of optomechanical devices, while also providing opportunities to interface nanomechanics with diamond color center spins and related quantum technologies. Here we demonstrate measurement of diamond nanobeam resonators with a sensitivity of 9.5 fm/Hz^0.5 and bandwidth >120 nm through dissipative waveguide--optomechanical coupling. Nanobeams are fabricated from bulk single--crystal diamond using a scalable quasi--isotropic oxygen plasma undercut etching process, and support mechanical resonances with quality factor of 2.5 x 10^5 at room temperature, and 7.2 x 10^5 in cryogenic conditions (5K). Mechanical self--oscillations, resulting from interplay between optomechanical coupling and the photothermal response of nanobeams in a buckled state, are observed with amplitude e...

Khanaliloo, Behzad; Hryciw, Aaron C; Lake, David P; Kaviani, Hamidreza; Barclay, Paul E

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

36

Amorphous diamond films  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

Amorphous diamond films having a significant reduction in intrinsic stress are prepared by biasing a substrate to be coated and depositing carbon ions thereon under controlled temperature conditions. 1 fig.

Falabella, S.

1998-06-09T23:59:59.000Z

37

Ultratough, Thermally Stable Polycrystalline Diamond/Silicon...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Ultratough, Thermally Stable Polycrystalline DiamondSilicon Carbide Nanocomposites for Drill Bits Ultratough, Thermally Stable Polycrystalline DiamondSilicon Carbide...

38

Diamond-graphite field emitters  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A field emission electron emitter comprising an electrode of diamond and a conductive carbon, e.g., graphite, is provided.

Valone, Steven M. (Santa Fe, NM)

1997-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

39

US Synthetic Corp (TRL 4 Component) - The Development of Open...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Polycrystalline Diamond Thrust Bearings for use in Marine Hydrokinetic (MHK) Energy Machines US Synthetic Corp (TRL 4 Component) - The Development of Open, Water Lubricated...

40

LANSCE | Lujan Center | Science Thrust Areas  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Science Thrust Areas Science Thrust Areas User research at the Lujan Center is focused in four science thrust areas. Each has a contact person who is available to discuss proposed experiments and to provide advice on the appropriate instrument and instrument scientist, available sample environments, and other details for planned experiments. Lujan Center instrument scientists welcome questions and discussions about new experiments and are happy to provide guidance for proposal development. New users are encouraged to contact the appropriate instrument scientist before submitting a proposal. Primary Instruments and Contacts: Surfaces and Interfaces Rex Hjelm - Principal Contact Neutron reflectivity and small angle scattering probe interfaces, surfaces, defects, and their influence on material properties and functionality.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "diamond thrust bearings" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


41

Lower pressure synthesis of diamond material  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

Methods of synthesizing a diamond material, particularly nanocrystalline diamond, diamond-like carbon and bucky diamond are provided. In particular embodiments, a composition including a carbon source, such as coal, is subjected to addition of energy, such as high energy reactive milling, producing a milling product enriched in hydrogenated tetrahedral amorphous diamond-like carbon compared to the coal. A milling product is treated with heat, acid and/or base to produce nanocrystalline diamond and/or crystalline diamond-like carbon. Energy is added to produced crystalline diamond-like carbon in particular embodiments to produce bucky diamonds.

Lueking, Angela (State College, PA); Gutierrez, Humberto (State College, PA); Narayanan, Deepa (Redmond, WA); Burgess Clifford, Caroline E. (State College, PA); Jain, Puja (King Of Prussia, PA)

2010-07-13T23:59:59.000Z

42

Fuel Optimal Thrust Allocation in Dynamic Positioning  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

vessels with diesel-electric power system. In this paper the focus is on using the thrust allocation to make the diesel generators on board the vessel work more fuel efficiently, by reducing the total fuel consumption of all online diesel generators. A static model for the fuel consumption of a diesel generator

Johansen, Tor Arne

43

Structure of the eastern Red Rocks and Wind Ridge thrust faults, Wyoming: how a thrust fault gains displacement along strike  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

STRUCTURE OF THE EASTERN RED ROCKS AND WIND RIDGE THRUST FAULTS, WYOMING: HOW A THRUST FAULT GAINS DISPLACEMENT ALONG STRIKE A Thesis by BRENT STANLEY HUNTSMAN Submitted to the Graduate College of Texas A&M University in partial fulfillment... of the requirements for the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE December 1983 Major Subject: Geology STRUCTURE OF THE EASTERN RED ROCKS AND WIND RIDGE THRUST FAULTS, WYOMING: HOW A THRUST FAULT GAINS DISPLACEMENT ALONG STRIKE A Thesis by BRENT STANLEY HUNTSMAN...

Huntsman, Brent Stanley

1983-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

44

DIAMOND SECONDARY EMITTER  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We present the design and experimental progress on the diamond secondary emitter as an electron source for high average power injectors. The design criteria for average currents up to 1 A and charge up to 20 nC are established. Secondary Electron Yield (SEY) exceeding 200 in transmission mode and 50 in emission mode have been measured. Preliminary results on the design and fabrication of the self contained capsule with primary electron source and secondary electron emitter will also be presented.

BEN-ZVI, I.; RAO, T.; BURRILL, A.; CHANG, X.; GRIMES, J.; RANK, J.; SEGALOV, Z.; SMEDLEY, J.

2005-10-09T23:59:59.000Z

45

Diamond turning of glass  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A new research initiative will be undertaken to investigate the critical cutting depth concepts for single point diamond turning of brittle, amorphous materials. Inorganic glasses and a brittle, thermoset polymer (organic glass) are the principal candidate materials. Interrupted cutting tests similar to those done in earlier research are Ge and Si crystals will be made to obtain critical depth values as a function of machining parameters. The results will provide systematic data with which to assess machining performance on glasses and amorphous materials

Blackley, W.S.; Scattergood, R.O.

1988-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

46

MATERIALS PERFORMANCE TARGETED THRUST FY 2004 PROJECTS  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Yucca Mountain site was recommended by the President to be a geological repository for commercial spent nuclear fuel and high-level radioactive waste. The multi-barrier approach was adopted for assessing and predicting system behavior, including both natural barriers and engineered barriers. A major component of the long-term strategy for safe disposal of nuclear waste is first to completely isolate the radionuclides in waste packages for long times and then to greatly retard the egress and transport of radionuclides from penetrated packages. The goal of the Materials Performance Targeted Thrust program is to further enhance the understanding of the role of engineered barriers in waste isolation. In addition, the Thrust will explore technical enhancements and seek to offer improvements in materials costs and reliability.

DOE

2005-09-13T23:59:59.000Z

47

High efficiency diamond solar cells  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A photovoltaic device and method of making same. A layer of p-doped microcrystalline diamond is deposited on a layer of n-doped ultrananocrystalline diamond such as by providing a substrate in a chamber, providing a first atmosphere containing about 1% by volume CH.sub.4 and about 99% by volume H.sub.2 with dopant quantities of a boron compound, subjecting the atmosphere to microwave energy to deposit a p-doped microcrystalline diamond layer on the substrate, providing a second atmosphere of about 1% by volume CH.sub.4 and about 89% by volume Ar and about 10% by volume N.sub.2, subjecting the second atmosphere to microwave energy to deposit a n-doped ultrananocrystalline diamond layer on the p-doped microcrystalline diamond layer. Electrodes and leads are added to conduct electrical energy when the layers are irradiated.

Gruen, Dieter M. (Downers Grove, IL)

2008-05-06T23:59:59.000Z

48

Bear Creek Valley Watershed  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

This document explains the cleanup activities and any use limitations for the land surrounding the Bear Creek Valley Watershed.

49

Thrust Areas & Research Teams | HeteroFoaM Center  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

HeteroFoaM Center combines teams of researchers in specific thrust areas to build a bridge between creative design and synthesis and the multiphysics, multiscale modeling of...

50

Center for Inverse Design: Research Thrusts and Subtasks  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Research Thrusts and Subtasks The Center for Inverse Design creates an unprecedented coupling of theory and experiment to realize the thesis that inverse design can revolutionize...

51

Infrared refractive index of diamond  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The refractive index of natural Type IIa diamond is reported for the spectral region 2.5-25 µm. The data have been fitted to a Herzberger-type dispersion formula with a quality of...

Edwards, David F; Ochoa, Ellen

1981-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

52

Amorphous-diamond electron emitter  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

An electron emitter comprising a textured silicon wafer overcoated with a thin (200 .ANG.) layer of nitrogen-doped, amorphous-diamond (a:D-N), which lowers the field below 20 volts/micrometer have been demonstrated using this emitter compared to uncoated or diamond coated emitters wherein the emission is at fields of nearly 60 volts/micrometer. The silicon/nitrogen-doped, amorphous-diamond (Si/a:D-N) emitter may be produced by overcoating a textured silicon wafer with amorphous-diamond (a:D) in a nitrogen atmosphere using a filtered cathodic-arc system. The enhanced performance of the Si/a:D-N emitter lowers the voltages required to the point where field-emission displays are practical. Thus, this emitter can be used, for example, in flat-panel emission displays (FEDs), and cold-cathode vacuum electronics.

Falabella, Steven (Livermore, CA)

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

53

Fabrication of amorphous diamond films  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

Amorphous diamond films having a significant reduction in intrinsic stress are prepared by biasing a substrate to be coated and depositing carbon ions thereon under controlled temperature conditions. 1 fig.

Falabella, S.

1995-12-12T23:59:59.000Z

54

Method of Dehalogenation using Diamonds  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A method for preparing olefins and halogenated olefins is provided comprising contacting halogenated compounds with diamonds for a sufficient time and at a sufficient temperature to convert the halogenated compounds to olefins and halogenated olefins via elimination reactions.

Farcasiu, Malvina; Kaufman, Phillip B.; Ladner, Edward P.; Anderson, Richard R.

1999-02-26T23:59:59.000Z

55

Secondary Production of Massive Quarks in Thrust  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We present a factorization framework that takes into account the production of heavy quarks through gluon splitting in the thrust distribution for e+ e- --> hadrons. The explicit factorization theorems and some numerical results are displayed in the dijet region where the kinematic scales are widely separated, which can be extended systematically to the whole spectrum. We account for the necessary two-loop matrix elements, threshold corrections, and include resummation up to N3LL order. We include nonperturbative power corrections through a field theoretical shape function, and remove the O(Lambda_QCD) renormalon in the partonic soft function by appropriate mass-dependent subtractions. Our results hold for any value of the quark mass, from an infinitesimally small (merging to the known massless result) to an infinitely large one (achieving the decoupling limit). This is the first example of an application of a variable flavor number scheme to final state jets.

Andre H. Hoang; Vicent Mateu; Piotr Pietrulewicz

2014-12-22T23:59:59.000Z

56

Calculations of Phosphorous Electronic Levels in Diamond  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The present paper is dedicated to the simulation of phosphorus entering into diamond and its influence upon the vacancy in diamond, using the theory of shallow donor states and the tight-binding theory (TBT).

Valentine V. Tokiy; Diana L. Savina

1995-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

57

Thrust measurement method verification and analytical studies on a liquid-fueled pulse detonation engine  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract In order to test the feasibility of a new thrust stand system based on impulse thrust measurement method, a liquid-fueled pulse detonation engine (PDE) is designed and built. Thrust performance of the engine is obtained by direct thrust measurement with a force transducer and indirect thrust measurement with an eddy current displacement sensor (ECDS). These two sets of thrust data are compared with each other to verify the accuracy of the thrust performance. Then thrust data measured by the new thrust stand system are compared with the verified thrust data to test its feasibility. The results indicate that thrust data from the force transducer and ECDS system are consistent with each other within the range of measurement error. Though the thrust data from the impulse thrust measurement system is a litter lower than that from the force transducer due to the axial momentum losses of the detonation jet, the impulse thrust measurement method is valid when applied to measure the averaged thrust of PDE. Analytical models of PDE are also discussed in this paper. The analytical thrust performance is higher than the experimental data due to ignoring the losses during the deflagration to detonation transition process. Effect of equivalence ratio on the engine thrust performance is investigated by utilizing the modified analytical model. Thrust reaches maximum at the equivalence ratio of about 1.1.

Jie Lu; Longxi Zheng; Zhiwu Wang; Changxin Peng; Xinggu Chen

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

58

DRAFT Bear Safety Plan  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Bear Safety Plan June 2010 Bear Safety Plan June 2010 NSA_bsp_Rev9.doc 1 Atmospheric Radiation Measurement Climate Research Facility/ North Slope of Alaska/Adjacent Arctic Ocean (ACRF/NSA/AAO) Bear Safety Plan Background As a major part of DOE's participation in the US Global Change Research Program (USGCRP), the North Slope of Alaska (NSA) and Adjacent Arctic Ocean (AAO) Climate Research Facility (ACRF) exists on the North Slope of Alaska with its Central Facility near the town of Barrow. A secondary facility exists at Atqasuk, a town 100km inland from Barrow. Other instrumentation locations in more remote areas on the North Slope may be established in later stages of the project. Polar bears, and to a lesser extent, brown bears (barren ground grizzly) are significant hazards within the ACRF/NSA/AAO

59

Construction and performance of an inverted pendulum thrust balance  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The objective of the work in this thesis was to devise a means of profiling the thrust of the MIT Space Propulsion Lab's (SPL) Diverging Cusped Field (DCF) thruster and, more generally, other thrusters of similar size and ...

Tartler, Brett R. (Brett Robert)

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

60

Characterization of aircraft noise during thrust reverser engagement  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Airport noise impact on communities has been an area of considerable study. However it has been determined that thrust reverser engagement is an area requiring further research. This paper presents findings on thrust reverser from a noise study done at Washington?Dulles International Airport (IAD) in October of 2004. Previous studies have found that high levels of acoustic energy in commercial aircraft during takeoff are contained below 300 Hz [Sharp Ben H. Guovich Yuri A. and Albee William W. ‘‘Status of Low?Frequency Aircraft Noise Research and Mitigation ’’ Wyle Report WR 01?21 San Francisco September 2001]. Preliminary analysis of thrust reverser signatures indicates similar findings. A categorization of aircraft noise during thrust reverser engagement is given and looks at factors that may affect the noise characteristics. Some of these factors include: plane type engine type and thrust ratings. In addition a brief analysis of frequency weightings of the Equivalent Sound Level (Leq) and Sound Exposure Level (SEL) metrics and their application to thrust reverser noise is discussed. [Work supported by the Federal Aviation Administration.

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "diamond thrust bearings" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


61

Neutron Bombardment of Counting Diamonds  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

21 February 1956 research-article Neutron Bombardment of Counting Diamonds A. H...Examination was also made of the effect of neutron bombardment on pulse-height distribution...additional charge traps produced by the neutrons. The layered crystal texture disclosed...

1956-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

62

The Black Bear  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Black Bear Black Bear Nature Bulletin No. 286-A December 9, 1967 Forest Preserve District of Cook County Richard B. Ogilvie, President Roland F. Eisenbeis, Supt. of Conservation THE BLACK BEAR The most amusing and human-like of all our American wild animals is the Black Bear. Slow, clumsy and loose-jointed in appearance, with a shambling gait, he can be very swift and nimble. Like any good clown he is also a good acrobat with a fine sense of balance and timing. He is a great climber in spite of his bulk. Shrewd and droll, he is very popular in menageries and as a performer in circuses and side shows because he learns tricks easily. He can stand on his hind legs to wrestle, box, dance, or beg for food and, occasionally, one becomes a graceful artist on roller skates. They love applause.

63

Laser diagnostics of CVD diamond film growth  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Diamond has one of hte most exciting combinations of properties known.{sup 1} It is the hardest material known, has extremely high thermal conductivity, wide optical transparency, and a durability that is unmatched by other substances. The scarcity and high cost of natural diamond has precluded its use in many potential applications that would benefit from this unique combination of properties. Over the last two decades, the technique of chemical vapor deposition (CVD) of diamond at low pressure has been developed, providing the technology to produce thin and thick film coatings on a variety of materials as well as freestanding films and plates of diamond. High optical clarity diamond plates grown by the CVD method are now available in diameters that exceed that of the largest natural diamond ever found. Products spanning from diamond coated machine t{sq_bullet}oling to semiconducting diamond-based electronics have been developed using this technology. Recent estimates suggest that the global market for chemical vapor deposited diamond and diamond-like carbon films will reach {dollar_sign}1 billion by 2000.

Feigerle, C.S.; Shaw, R.W.

1996-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

64

Generation of diamond wire sliced wafer surface based on the distribution of diamond grits  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Diamond wire sawing is one of the abrasive machining processes. The cutting tool is a tiny steel wire coated with a large number of diamond grits. Although wire saw is widely used for slicing hard and brittle ...

Chunhui Chung; Le Van Nhat

2014-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

65

EA-1795: Diamond Green Diesel Facility in Norco, LA | Department...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

5: Diamond Green Diesel Facility in Norco, LA EA-1795: Diamond Green Diesel Facility in Norco, LA April 1, 2011 EA-1795: Final Environmental Assessment Loan Guarantee to Diamond...

66

Epitaxial growth of europium monoxide on diamond  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We report the epitaxial integration of phase-pure EuO on both single-crystal diamond and on epitaxial diamond films grown on silicon utilizing reactive molecular-beam epitaxy. The epitaxial orientation relationship is (001) EuO ? (001) diamond and [110] EuO ?[100] diamond. The EuO layer is nominally unstrained and ferromagnetic with a transition temperature of 68 ± 2 K and a saturation magnetization of 5.5 ± 0.1 Bohr magnetons per europium ion on the single-crystal diamond, and a transition temperature of 67 ± 2 K and a saturation magnetization of 2.1 ± 0.1 Bohr magnetons per europium ion on the epitaxial diamond film.

Melville, A.; Heeg, T. [Department of Materials Science and Engineering, Cornell University, Ithaca, New York 14853 (United States)] [Department of Materials Science and Engineering, Cornell University, Ithaca, New York 14853 (United States); Mairoser, T.; Schmehl, A. [Zentrum für elektronische Korrelationen und Magnetismus, Universität Augsburg, Universitätsstraße 1, 86159 Augsburg (Germany)] [Zentrum für elektronische Korrelationen und Magnetismus, Universität Augsburg, Universitätsstraße 1, 86159 Augsburg (Germany); Fischer, M.; Gsell, S.; Schreck, M. [Institut für Physik, Universität Augsburg, D-86135 Augsburg (Germany)] [Institut für Physik, Universität Augsburg, D-86135 Augsburg (Germany); Awschalom, D. D. [Institute for Molecular Engineering, University of Chicago, Chicago, Illinois 60637 (United States)] [Institute for Molecular Engineering, University of Chicago, Chicago, Illinois 60637 (United States); Holländer, B.; Schubert, J. [Peter Grünberg Institute, PGI9-IT, JARA-FIT, Research Centre Jülich, D-52425 Jülich (Germany)] [Peter Grünberg Institute, PGI9-IT, JARA-FIT, Research Centre Jülich, D-52425 Jülich (Germany); Schlom, D. G. [Department of Materials Science and Engineering, Cornell University, Ithaca, New York 14853 (United States) [Department of Materials Science and Engineering, Cornell University, Ithaca, New York 14853 (United States); Kavli Institute at Cornell for Nanoscale Science, Ithaca, New York 14853 (United States)

2013-11-25T23:59:59.000Z

67

Diamond-silicon carbide composite and method  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

Uniformly dense, diamond-silicon carbide composites having high hardness, high fracture toughness, and high thermal stability are prepared by consolidating a powder mixture of diamond and amorphous silicon. A composite made at 5 GPa/1673K had a measured fracture toughness of 12 MPam.sup.1/2. By contrast, liquid infiltration of silicon into diamond powder at 5 GPa/1673K produces a composite with higher hardness but lower fracture toughness.

Zhao, Yusheng (Los Alamos, NM)

2011-06-14T23:59:59.000Z

68

Diamond turning machine controller implementation  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The standard controller for a Pnuemo ASG 2500 Diamond Turning Machine, an Allen Bradley 8200, has been replaced with a custom high-performance design. This controller consists of four major components. Axis position feedback information is provided by a Zygo Axiom 2/20 laser interferometer with 0.1 micro-inch resolution. Hardware interface logic couples the computers digital and analog I/O channels to the diamond turning machine`s analog motor controllers, the laser interferometer, and other machine status and control information. It also provides front panel switches for operator override of the computer controller and implement the emergency stop sequence. The remaining two components, the control computer hardware and software, are discussed in detail below.

Garrard, K.P.; Taylor, L.W.; Knight, B.F.; Fornaro, R.J.

1988-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

69

Diamond turning of thermoplastic polymers  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Single point diamond turning studies were made using a series of thermoplastic polymers with different glass transition temperatures. Variations in surface morphology and surface roughness were observed as a function of cutting speed. Lower glass transition temperatures facilitate smoother surface cuts and better surface finish. This can be attributed to the frictional heating that occurs during machining. Because of the very low glass transition temperatures in polymeric compared to inorganic glasses, the precision machining response can be very speed sensitive.

Smith, E.; Scattergood, R.O.

1988-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

70

Sandia National Laboratories: Diamond Plates Create Nanostructures...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Not Chemistry More Efficient Fuel Cells under Development by Engineers More California Gas Stations Can Provide Hydrogen than Previously Thought, Sandia Study Says Diamond...

71

Problems of millipound thrust measurement. The "Hansen Suspension"  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Considered in detail are problems which led to the need and use of the 'Hansen Suspension'. Also discussed are problems which are likely to be encountered in any low level thrust measuring system. The methods of calibration and the accuracies involved are given careful attention. With all parameters optimized and calibration techniques perfected, the system was found capable of a resolution of 10 {mu} lbs. A comparison of thrust measurements made by the 'Hansen Suspension' with measurements of a less sophisticated device leads to some surprising results.

Carta, David G.

2014-03-31T23:59:59.000Z

72

Woolly Bear Caterpillar  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Woolly Bear Caterpillar Woolly Bear Caterpillar Name: Colton Location: N/A Country: N/A Date: N/A Question: We live in N.J. and found a Woolly Bear Caterpillar that was all black. We would like to keep it but are worried that it may "NEED" to hibernate to live. Also: We love to collect bugs (live) and learn about them, but most of the books don't have all the information we need ie. what does it eat, how long does it live, identifying caterpillar stages of insects. Could you please reccomend a good book, that has pictures of all life stages and information that would be of interest to children? Thank you for your time. Replies: Good books on caterpillars are hard to find. Try the Peterson Guide to Butterflies, Audubon Guide to Butterflies, etc. You will probably just have to browse in libraries and see what you can find. Good luck. By the way, the more black on the wooly bear, so the legend goes, the harder the winter will be. One was recently seen around here (NE Illinois) that was almost, but not quite, all black.

73

Energy Harvesting Diamond Channel with Energy Cooperation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Energy Harvesting Diamond Channel with Energy Cooperation Berk Gurakan Sennur Ulukus Department@umd.edu Abstract--We consider the energy harvesting diamond channel, where the source and two relays harvest energy the option of wirelessly transferring some of its energy to the relays via energy cooperation. We find

Ulukus, Sennur

74

Fracture of synthetic diamond M. D. Droty  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Fracture of synthetic diamond M. D. Droty Ctystallume, 3506 Bassett Street, Santa Clara, California 1995) The fracture behavior of synthetic diamond has been investigated using indentation methods and by the tensile testing of pre-notched fracture-mechanics type samples. Specifically, the fracture toughness

Ritchie, Robert

75

Thrust allocation with power management functionality on dynamically positioned vessels  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

world-wide. The main benefits of diesel-electric propulsion and thrusters are reduced power consumptionThrust allocation with power management functionality on dynamically positioned vessels Aleksander to assist the power management system on dynamically positioned ships is proposed in this paper. Its main

Johansen, Tor Arne

76

Diamond as an inert substrate of graphene  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Interaction between graphene and semiconducting diamond substrate has been examined with large-scale density functional theory calculations. Clean and hydrogenated diamond (100) and (111) surfaces have been studied. It turns out that weak van der Waals interactions dominate for graphene on all these surfaces. High carrier mobility of graphene is almost not affected, except for a negligible energy gap opening at the Dirac point. No charge transfer between graphene and diamond (100) surfaces is detected, while different charge-transfer complexes are formed between graphene and diamond (111) surfaces, inducing either p-type or n-type doping on graphene. Therefore, diamond can be used as an excellent substrate of graphene, which almost keeps its electronic structures at the same time providing the flexibility of charge doping.

Hu Wei; Li Zhenyu; Yang Jinlong [Hefei National Laboratory for Physical Sciences at Microscale, University of Science and Technology of China, Hefei, Anhui 230026 (China)

2013-02-07T23:59:59.000Z

77

Conceptual design of a thrust-vectoring tailcone for underwater robotics  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Thrust-vectoring on Autonomous Underwater Vehicles is an appealing directional-control solution because it improves turning radius capabilities. Unfortunately, thrust-vectoring requires the entire propulsion system be ...

Nawrot, Michael T

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

78

Optimal dimensionless design and analysis of jet ejectors as compressors and thrust augmenters  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A jet ejector may be used as a compressor or to enhance thrust of watercraft or aircraft. Optimization of jet ejectors as compressors and thrust augmenters was conducted using the software GAMBIT (Computer Aided Engineering (CAE) tool for geometry...

Mohan, Ganesh

2006-08-16T23:59:59.000Z

79

Passive magnetic bearing system  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

An axial stabilizer for the rotor of a magnetic bearing provides external control of stiffness through switching in external inductances. External control also allows the stabilizer to become a part of a passive/active magnetic bearing system that requires no external source of power and no position sensor. Stabilizers for displacements transverse to the axis of rotation are provided that require only a single cylindrical Halbach array in its operation, and thus are especially suited for use in high rotation speed applications, such as flywheel energy storage systems. The elimination of the need of an inner cylindrical array solves the difficult mechanical problem of supplying support against centrifugal forces for the magnets of that array. Compensation is provided for the temperature variation of the strength of the magnetic fields of the permanent magnets in the levitating magnet arrays.

Post, Richard F.

2014-09-02T23:59:59.000Z

80

Centrifugally decoupling touchdown bearings  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

Centrifugally decoupling mechanical bearing systems provide thin tensioned metallic ribbons contained in a support structure. This assembly rotates around a stationary shaft being centered at low speeds by the action of the metal ribbons. Tension springs are connected on one end to the ribbons and on the other end to the support structure. The ribbons pass through slots in the inner ring of the support structure. The spring preloading thus insures contact (or near-contact) between the ribbons and the shaft at rotation speeds below the transition speed. Above this speed, however, the centrifugal force on the ribbons produces a tensile force on them that exceeds the spring tensile force so that the ribbons curve outward, effectively decoupling them from mechanical contact with the shaft. They still remain, however, in position to act as a touchdown bearing in case of abnormally high transverse accelerations.

Post, Richard F

2014-06-24T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "diamond thrust bearings" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


81

A Thrust Stand for High-power Steady-state Plasma Thrusters L.D. Cassady,  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of an inverted-pendulum thrust stand to measure thrust for high-power steady- state plasma thrusters is presentedA Thrust Stand for High-power Steady-state Plasma Thrusters L.D. Cassady, A.D. Kodys, and E Department Princeton University, Princeton, New Jersey 08544 (Dated: July 18, 2002) The operation

Choueiri, Edgar

82

Design of die forging process of thrust shaft for large marine diesel engine using floating die concept  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Thrust shaft is one of the important components of the built-up type crankshaft for the large marine diesel engine. Conventionally, the thrust shaft has been...

Il-Keun Kwon; Hong-Seok Park

2011-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

83

Bearing Analytics | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Bearing Analytics Bearing Analytics National Clean Energy Business Plan Competition 2013 355 likes Bearing Analytics Purdue University Avoidable bearing failures cost the US industrial economy $50B in damage and downtime every year. Current bearing health monitoring systems do not adequately detect failure until it is too late. Bearing Analytics offers a patent-pending micro-sensor technology that monitors temperature and vibration directly on the bearing cage helping predict performance degradation and impending failure while improving operating, performance, and energy efficiencies. Our technology does all of that with a better accuracy, faster response time, and increased reliability over any other competing solution today. We intend to target the wind turbine industry as our initial target point

84

Bearing Analytics | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Bearing Analytics Bearing Analytics National Clean Energy Business Plan Competition 2013 355 likes Bearing Analytics Purdue University Avoidable bearing failures cost the US industrial economy $50B in damage and downtime every year. Current bearing health monitoring systems do not adequately detect failure until it is too late. Bearing Analytics offers a patent-pending micro-sensor technology that monitors temperature and vibration directly on the bearing cage helping predict performance degradation and impending failure while improving operating, performance, and energy efficiencies. Our technology does all of that with a better accuracy, faster response time, and increased reliability over any other competing solution today. We intend to target the wind turbine industry as our initial target point

85

Bearing Analytics | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Bearing Analytics Bearing Analytics National Clean Energy Business Plan Competition 2013 355 likes Bearing Analytics Purdue University Avoidable bearing failures cost the US industrial economy $50B in damage and downtime every year. Current bearing health monitoring systems do not adequately detect failure until it is too late. Bearing Analytics offers a patent-pending micro-sensor technology that monitors temperature and vibration directly on the bearing cage helping predict performance degradation and impending failure while improving operating, performance, and energy efficiencies. Our technology does all of that with a better accuracy, faster response time, and increased reliability over any other competing solution today. We intend to target the wind turbine industry as our initial target point

86

Self-composite comprised of nanocrystalline diamond and a non-diamond component useful for thermoelectric applications  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

One provides nanocrystalline diamond material that comprises a plurality of substantially ordered diamond crystallites that are sized no larger than about 10 nanometers. One then disposes a non-diamond component within the nanocrystalline diamond material. By one approach this non-diamond component comprises an electrical conductor that is formed at the grain boundaries that separate the diamond crystallites from one another. The resultant nanowire is then able to exhibit a desired increase with respect to its ability to conduct electricity while also preserving the thermal conductivity behavior of the nanocrystalline diamond material.

Gruen, Dieter M.

2012-09-04T23:59:59.000Z

87

Self-composite comprised of nanocrystalline diamond and a non-diamond component useful for thermoelectric applications  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

One provides nanocrystalline diamond material that comprises a plurality of substantially ordered diamond crystallites that are sized no larger than about 10 nanometers. One then disposes a non-diamond component within the nanocrystalline diamond material. By one approach this non-diamond component comprises an electrical conductor that is formed at the grain boundaries that separate the diamond crystallites from one another. The resultant nanowire is then able to exhibit a desired increase with respect to its ability to conduct electricity while also preserving the thermal conductivity behavior of the nanocrystalline diamond material.

Gruen, Dieter M. (Downers Grove, IL)

2009-08-11T23:59:59.000Z

88

Direct thrust measurement of a permanent magnet helicon double layer thruster  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Direct thrust measurements of a permanent magnet helicon double layer thruster have been made using a pendulum thrust balance and a high sensitivity laser displacement sensor. At the low pressures used (0.08 Pa) an ion beam is detected downstream of the thruster exit, and a maximum thrust force of about 3 mN is measured for argon with an rf input power of about 700 W. The measured thrust is proportional to the upstream plasma density and is in good agreement with the theoretical thrust based on the maximum upstream electron pressure.

Takahashi, K.; Lafleur, T.; Charles, C.; Alexander, P.; Boswell, R. W. [Space Plasma, Power and Propulsion Group, Research School of Physics and Engineering, Australian National University, Canberra ACT 0200 (Australia); Perren, M.; Laine, R. [ASTRIUM-EADS, 6 rue Laurent Pichat, 75016 Paris (France); Pottinger, S.; Lappas, V.; Harle, T.; Lamprou, D. [Surrey Space Centre, University of Surrey, Guildford GU2 7XH (United Kingdom)

2011-04-04T23:59:59.000Z

89

Hybrid methods for interplanetary low-thrust trajectory optimization  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

propulsion produces thrust by burning a mixture of fuel and oxidizer. Unlike chemical propulsion, solar/nuclear electric propulsion based ion or plasma engines generate thmst by taking advantages of magnetism and electricity. An inert gas like Xenon... in Figure 2-11. Energy and eccentricity are shown in Figures 2-12 and 2-13. The energy increases gradually without oscillation. Unlike the energy behavior, there is oscillation occurring at the beginning of 25 the eccentricity plot. The number of lhe...

Aroonwilairut, Krisada

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

90

Electric sail control mode for amplified transverse thrust  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The electric solar wind sail produces thrust by centrifugally spanned high voltage tethers interacting with the solar wind protons. The sail attitude can be controlled and attitude maneuvers are possible by tether voltage modulation synchronous with the sail rotation. Especially, the sail can be inclined with respect to the solar wind direction to obtain transverse thrust to change the osculating orbit angular momentum. Such an inclination has to be maintained by a continual control voltage modulation. Consequently, the tether voltage available for the thrust is less than the maximum voltage provided by the power system. Using a spherical pendulum as a model for a single rotating tether, we derive analytical estimations for the control efficiency for two separate sail control modes. One is a continuous control modulation that corresponds to strictly planar tether tip motion. The other is an on-off modulation with the tether tip moving along a closed loop on a saddle surface. The novel on-off mode is introduce...

Toivanen, Petri; Envall, Jouni

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

91

EVALUATION OF A LOW FRICTION - HIGH EFFICIENCY ROLLER BEARING ENGINE  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This Low Friction (High Efficiency Roller Bearing) Engine (LFE) report presents the work done by The Timken Company to conduct a technology demonstration of the benefits of replacing hydrodynamic bearings with roller bearings in the crankshaft and camshaft assemblies of an internal combustion engine for the purpose of collecting data sufficient to prove merit. The engines in the present study have been more extensively converted to roller bearings than any previous studies (40 needle roller bearings per engine) to gain understanding of the full potential of application of bearing technology. The project plan called for comparative testing of a production vehicle which was already respected for having demonstrated low engine friction levels with a rollerized version of that engine. Testing was to include industry standard tests for friction, emissions and fuel efficiency conducted on instrumented dynamometers. Additional tests for fuel efficiency, cold start resistance and other measures of performance were to be made in the actual vehicle. Comparative measurements of noise, vibration and harshness (NVH), were planned, although any work to mitigate the suspected higher NVH level in the rollerized engine was beyond the scope of this project. Timken selected the Toyota Avalon with a 3.5L V-6 engine as the test vehicle. In an attempt to minimize cost and fabrication time, a ‘made-from’ approach was proposed in which as many parts as possible would be used or modified from production parts to create the rollerized engine. Timken commissioned its test partner, FEV Engine Technology, to do a feasibility study in which they confirmed that using such an approach was possible to meet the required dimensional restrictions and tolerances. In designing the roller bearing systems for the crank and cam trains, Timken utilized as many production engine parts as possible. The crankshafts were produced from production line forgings, which use Timken steel, modified with special machining and heat treatment. Timken designed and manufactured all of the roller bearing related components such as the thrust bearing package. The production connecting rods and camshafts could not be used for the roller bearing engine, so new ones were produced according to the team’s designs using Timken steel. The remaining miscellaneous components were designed and procured by FEV. Timken prepared a display version of the crankshaft portion of the production engine without connecting rods which could be driven by a motor through a cogged-belt and electrically actuated clutch arrangement. A modified version was also made in which the engine was outfitted with roller bearings on the main bearing positions. Preliminary tests showed that the rollerized engine was running with 1/3 less friction than the standard display engine. Additional friction testing and noise characterization was cut short because of shipping damage to the rollerized engine display and because of other project priorities. The team did successfully demonstrate the ability to package roller bearings satisfactorily in numerous locations in a typical automotive engine. The scope of this project did not include durability demonstration and that subject would have to be addressed in any follow-on work. In the actual test phase, the rollerized engine did show significantly less friction in motored dynamometer tests compared to its production equivalent. The 5-10% improvement measured in this study was about half that seen in other studies. However, the fired test results did not show a reduction in friction which did not match prior experience or expectations. Subsequent teardown and inspection of the rollerized engine revealed potential sources of excessive friction in the experimental application. These features would be eliminated in a design not based on modification of production parts. The team is confident (based on experience) that friction reduction would be realized with proper modifications.

Kolarik, Robert V. II; Shattuck, Charles W.; Copper, Anthony P.

2009-06-30T23:59:59.000Z

92

Diamond switches for high temperature electronics  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Diamond switches are well suited for use in high temperature electronics. Laboratory feasibility of diamond switching at 1 kV and 18 A was demonstrated. DC blocking voltages up to 1 kV were demonstrated. A 50 {Omega} load line was switched using a diamond switch, with switch on-state resistivity {approx}7 {Omega}-cm. An electron beam, {approx}150 keV energy, {approx}2 {mu}s full width at half maximum was used to control the 5 mm x 5 mm x 100 {mu}m thick diamond switch. The conduction current temporal history mimics that of the electron beam. These data were taken at room temperature.

Prasad, R.R.; Rondeau, G.; Qi, Niansheng [Alameda Applied Sciences Corp., San Leandro, CA (United States)] [and others

1996-04-25T23:59:59.000Z

93

Electronic Impact of Inclusions in Diamond  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

X-ray topography data are compared with photodiode responsivity maps to identify potential candidates for electron trapping in high purity, single crystal diamond. X-ray topography data reveal the defects that exist in the diamond material, which are dominated by non-electrically active linear dislocations. However, many diamonds also contain defects configurations (groups of threading dislocations originating from a secondary phase region or inclusion) in the bulk of the wafer which map well to regions of photoconductive gain, indicating that these inclusions are a source of electron trapping which affect the performance of diamond X-ray detectors. It was determined that photoconductive gain is only possible with the combination of an injecting contact and charge trapping in the near surface region. Typical photoconductive gain regions are 0.2 mm across; away from these near-surface inclusions the device yields the expected diode responsivity.

Muller, E.M.; Smedley, J.; Raghothamachar, B.; Gaowei, M.; Keister, J.W.; Ben-Zvi, I.; Dudley, M.; Wu, Q.

2010-04-07T23:59:59.000Z

94

Effective placement of detectors at diamond interchanges  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Most signalized interchanges in Texas are tight urban diamond interchanges of freeways having one-way frontage roads. At these interchanges, traffic actuated control with improper location of detectors may result in inefficient traffic operations...

Prabhakar, Dayakar

1994-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

95

Ultratough, Thermally Stable Polycrystalline Diamond/Silicon...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

carbide (SiC) binders. These composites are stable up to 1,200C, but have reduced fracture toughness (6-8 MPam 12 ) due to the brittleness of the SiC and diamond. This...

96

Diamond film growth argon-carbon plasmas  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A method and system are disclosed for manufacturing diamond film. The method involves forming a carbonaceous vapor, providing a gas stream of argon, hydrogen and hydrocarbon and combining the gas with the carbonaceous vapor, passing the combined carbonaceous vapor and gas carrier stream into a chamber, forming a plasma in the chamber causing fragmentation of the carbonaceous and deposition of a diamond film on a substrate. 29 figs.

Gruen, D.M.; Krauss, A.R.; Liu, S.Z.; Pan, X.Z.; Zuiker, C.D.

1998-12-15T23:59:59.000Z

97

Diamond film growth from fullerene precursors  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A method and system are disclosed for manufacturing diamond film. The method involves forming a fullerene vapor, providing a noble gas stream and combining the gas with the fullerene vapor, passing the combined fullerene vapor and noble gas carrier stream into a chamber, forming a plasma in the chamber causing fragmentation of the fullerene and deposition of a diamond film on a substrate. 10 figs.

Gruen, D.M.; Liu, S.; Krauss, A.R.; Pan, X.

1997-04-15T23:59:59.000Z

98

Spacesuits optional for 'water bears'  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

... a lichen, or maybe a photosynthesizing bacteria." STEVE GSCHMEISSNER / SCIENCE PHOTO LIBRARY The humble water bear has gone where no animal has gone before. STEVE GSCHMEISSNER / SCIENCE ...

Heidi Ledford

2008-09-08T23:59:59.000Z

99

Diamond and Related Materials 8 (1999) 13881392 www.elsevier.com/locate/diamond  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of the hot-filament diamond CVD gas-phase environment: direct comparison with experimental measurements R diamond reactor. These simulations have been compared to data measured using an in-situ molecular beam atoms, was found to be very important since it controlled the whole gas-phase chemistry. Comparison

Bristol, University of

100

Plasma spraying method for forming diamond and diamond-like coatings  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A method and composition for the deposition of a thick layer (10) of diamond or diamond-like material. The method includes high temperature processing wherein a selected composition (12) including at least glassy carbon is heated in a direct current plasma arc device to a selected temperature above the softening point, in an inert atmosphere, and is propelled to quickly quenched on a selected substrate (20). The softened or molten composition (18) crystallizes on the substrate (20) to form a thick deposition layer (10) comprising at least a diamond or diamond-like material. The selected composition (12) includes at least glassy carbon as a primary constituent (14) and may include at least one secondary constituent (16). Preferably, the secondary constituents (16) are selected from the group consisting of at least diamond powder, boron carbide (B.sub.4 C) powder and mixtures thereof.

Holcombe, Cressie E. (Farragut, TN); Seals, Roland D. (Oak Ridge, TN); Price, R. Eugene (Knoxville, TN)

1997-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "diamond thrust bearings" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


101

Plasma spraying method for forming diamond and diamond-like coatings  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A method and composition is disclosed for the deposition of a thick layer of diamond or diamond-like material. The method includes high temperature processing wherein a selected composition including at least glassy carbon is heated in a direct current plasma arc device to a selected temperature above the softening point, in an inert atmosphere, and is propelled to quickly quenched on a selected substrate. The softened or molten composition crystallizes on the substrate to form a thick deposition layer comprising at least a diamond or diamond-like material. The selected composition includes at least glassy carbon as a primary constituent and may include at least one secondary constituent. Preferably, the secondary constituents are selected from the group consisting of at least diamond powder, boron carbide (B{sub 4}C) powder and mixtures thereof. 9 figs.

Holcombe, C.E.; Seals, R.D.; Price, R.E.

1997-06-03T23:59:59.000Z

102

Argonne licenses diamond semiconductor discoveries to AKHAN Technologies |  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

licenses diamond semiconductor discoveries to AKHAN Technologies licenses diamond semiconductor discoveries to AKHAN Technologies By Joseph Bernstein * By Jared Sagoff * March 4, 2013 Tweet EmailPrint LEMONT, Ill. - The U.S. Department of Energy's Argonne National Laboratory announced today that the laboratory has granted AKHAN Technologies exclusive diamond semiconductor application licensing rights to breakthrough low-temperature diamond deposition technology developed by Argonne's Center for Nanoscale Materials (CNM). The Argonne-developed technology allows for the deposition of nanocrystalline diamond on a variety of wafer substrate materials at temperatures as low as 400 degrees Celsius. The combination of the Argonne's low-temperature diamond technology with AKHAN's Miraj Diamond(tm) process represents the state of the art in diamond semiconductor

103

Sparkling Diamonds – Reducing High Energy in the Frozen North  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

De Beers, the undisputed world leader in diamond mining, in a typically proactive approach, completed an energy review at the Snap Lake Diamond Mine in the Northwest Territories. What makes the approach unique is that the mine is still under...

Feldman, J.

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

104

Laser annealing of neutron irradiated boron-10 isotope doped diamond  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

10B isotope doped p-type diamond epilayer grown by chemical vapor deposition on (110) oriented type IIa diamond single crystal substrate was subjected to neutron transmutation at a fluence of 2.4...

K. Jagannadham; M. J. Lance; J. E. Butler

2011-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

105

Study of Electron Transport and Amplification in Diamond  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

As a successful completion of this award, my group has demonstrated world-leading electron gain from diamond for use in a diamond-amplified photocathode. Also, using high-resolution photoemission measurements we were able to uncover exciting new physics of the electron emission mechanisms from hydrogen terminated diamond. Our work, through the continued support of HEP, has resulted in a greater understanding of the diamond material science, including current limits, charge transport modeling, and spatial uniformity.

Muller, Erik M.; Ben-Zvi, Ilan

2013-03-31T23:59:59.000Z

106

Independent Oversight Review, Sodium Bearing Waste Treatment...  

Energy Savers [EERE]

Federal - June 2012 Independent Oversight Review, Sodium Bearing Waste Treatment Project - Federal - June 2012 June 2012 Review of the Sodium Bearing Waste Treatment Project -...

107

Independent Oversight Review, Sodium Bearing Waste Treatment...  

Energy Savers [EERE]

Contractor - June 2012 Independent Oversight Review, Sodium Bearing Waste Treatment Project - Contractor - June 2012 June 2012 Review of the Sodium Bearing Waste Treatment Project...

108

Diamond Energy Pty Ltd | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Diamond Energy Pty Ltd Diamond Energy Pty Ltd Jump to: navigation, search Name Diamond Energy Pty Ltd Place Melbourne, Australia Zip 3124 Product Victoria based clean energy project developer. Coordinates -37.817532°, 144.967148° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":-37.817532,"lon":144.967148,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

109

Accepted to Diamond and Related Materials A kinetic model of diamond nucleation and silicon carbide interlayer formation during  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Accepted to Diamond and Related Materials A kinetic model of diamond nucleation and silicon carbide Engineering, Colorado State University, Fort Collins, CO, USA Abstract The presence of thin silicon carbide diffusion of carbon atoms into the silicon carbide layer, and the morphology and orientation of the diamond

Dandy, David

110

Hydrogen-doped cubic diamond and the crystal structure of n-diamond Bin Wen a,b,  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Hydrogen-doped cubic diamond and the crystal structure of n-diamond Bin Wen a,b, , Roderick Melnik. In particular, hydrogen concen- tration dependent elastic constants and lattice parameters for the H-doped diamond have been analyzed. Our results indicate that when the hydrogen concentration is less than 19 at

Melnik, Roderick

111

Mixed-mu superconducting bearings  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A mixed-mu superconducting bearing is disclosed including a ferrite structure disposed for rotation adjacent a stationary superconductor material structure and a stationary permanent magnet structure. The ferrite structure is levitated by said stationary permanent magnet structure. 9 figs.

Hull, J.R.; Mulcahy, T.M.

1998-03-03T23:59:59.000Z

112

Method of improving field emission characteristics of diamond thin films  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A method of preparing diamond thin films with improved field emission properties. The method includes preparing a diamond thin film on a substrate, such as Mo, W, Si and Ni. An atmosphere of hydrogen (molecular or atomic) can be provided above the already deposited film to form absorbed hydrogen to reduce the work function and enhance field emission properties of the diamond film. In addition, hydrogen can be absorbed on intergranular surfaces to enhance electrical conductivity of the diamond film. The treated diamond film can be part of a microtip array in a flat panel display.

Krauss, Alan R. (Naperville, IL); Gruen, Dieter M. (Downer Grove, IL)

1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

113

Method of improving field emission characteristics of diamond thin films  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A method of preparing diamond thin films with improved field emission properties is disclosed. The method includes preparing a diamond thin film on a substrate, such as Mo, W, Si and Ni. An atmosphere of hydrogen (molecular or atomic) can be provided above the already deposited film to form absorbed hydrogen to reduce the work function and enhance field emission properties of the diamond film. In addition, hydrogen can be absorbed on intergranular surfaces to enhance electrical conductivity of the diamond film. The treated diamond film can be part of a microtip array in a flat panel display. 3 figs.

Krauss, A.R.; Gruen, D.M.

1999-05-11T23:59:59.000Z

114

LANSCE | Lujan Center | Thrust Area | Local Structure, Magnetism, and  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

User Instruments User Instruments Reflectometers Asterix SPEAR Powder Diffractometers HIPD HIPPO NPDF Engineering Diffraction SMARTS Chemical Spectroscopy FDS Small Angle Scattering LQD Protein Crystallography PCS Inelastic Neutron Spectrometer Pharos Single Crystal Diffractometer SCD Contacts Lujan Center Leader Mark Bourke 505.667.6069 Deputy Leader (Interim) Anna Llobet 505.665.1367 Experimental Area Manager) Charles Kelsey 505.665.5579 Experiment Coordinator Leilani Conradson 505.665.9505 User Office Administrator Lisa Padilla 505.667.5649 Administrative Assistant Melissa Martinez 505.665.0391 Thrust Area Local Structure, Magnetism, and Nanomaterials The Lujan Neutron Scattering Center encompasses a set of powder diffractometers, instrument scientist specialists, and sample environments (pressure, temperature, and magnetic field) equipped to address challenges

115

Real-time seam tracking for rocket thrust chamber manufacturing  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A sensor-based control approach for real-time seam tracking of rocket thrust chamber assemblies has been developed to enable automation of a braze paste dispensing process. This approach utilizes a non-contact Multi-Axis Seam Tracking (MAST) sensor to track the seams. Thee MAST sensor measures capacitance variations between the sensor and the workpiece and produces four varying voltages which are read directly into the robot controller. A PID control algorithm which runs at the application program level has been designed based upon a simple dynamic model of the combined robot and sensor plant. The control algorithm acts on the incoming sensor signals in real-time to guide the robot motion along the seam path. Experiments demonstrate that seams can be tracked at 100 mm/sec within the accuracy required for braze paste dispensing.

Schmitt, D.J.; Novak, J.L. [Sandia National Labs., Albuquerque, NM (United States); Starr, G.P. [New Mexico Univ., Albuquerque, NM (United States); Maslakowski, J.E. [Rockwell International Corp., Canoga Park, CA (United States). Rocketdyne Div.

1993-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

116

Thermal Effects on Inverted Pendulum Thrust Stands for Steady-state High-power Plasma Thrusters  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Thermal Effects on Inverted Pendulum Thrust Stands for Steady-state High-power Plasma Thrusters A and Aerospace Engineering Department Princeton University, Princeton, New Jersey 08544 AIAA-2003-4842§ July 22, 2003 Abstract Thermal effects on direct measurements of the thrust produced by steady-state, high-power

Choueiri, Edgar

117

Hydrostatic bearings for a turbine fluid flow metering device  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A rotor assembly fluid metering device has been improved by development of a hydrostatic bearing fluid system which provides bearing fluid at a common pressure to rotor assembly bearing surfaces. The bearing fluid distribution system produces a uniform film of fluid between bearing surfaces and allows rapid replacement of bearing fluid between bearing surfaces, thereby minimizing bearing wear and corrosion. 3 figs.

Fincke, J.R.

1982-05-04T23:59:59.000Z

118

Diamond and diamond-like carbon films for advanced electronic applications  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Aim of this laboratory-directed research and development (LDRD) project was to develop diamond and/or diamond-like carbon (DLC) films for electronic applications. Quality of diamond and DLC films grown by chemical vapor deposition (CVD) is not adequate for electronic applications. Nucleation of diamond grains during growth typically results in coarse films that must be very thick in order to be physically continuous. DLC films grown by CVD are heavily hydrogenated and are stable to temperatures {le} 400{degrees}C. However, diamond and DLC`s exceptional electronic properties make them candidates for integration into a variety of microelectronic structures. This work studied new techniques for the growth of both materials. Template layers have been developed for the growth of CVD diamond films resulting in a significantly higher nucleation density on unscratched or unprepared Si surfaces. Hydrogen-free DLC with temperature stability {le} 800{degrees}C has been developed using energetic growth methods such as high-energy pulsed-laser deposition. Applications with the largest system impact include electron-emitting materials for flat-panel displays, dielectrics for interconnects, diffusion barriers, encapsulants, and nonvolatile memories, and tribological coatings that reduce wear and friction in integrated micro-electro-mechanical devices.

Siegal, M.P.; Friedmann, T.A.; Sullivan, J.P. [and others

1996-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

119

Characteristics of hydrostatic bearing/seal parts for water hydraulic pumps and motors. Part 1: Experiment and theory  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In this study, the characteristics of disk-type hydrostatic thrust bearings supporting concentric loads, simulating the major bearing/seal parts of water hydraulic pumps and motors, are presented. The bearing is made up of a combination of stainless steel/stainless steel and stainless steel/plastics. The characteristics are evaluated by studying the relationships among the load-carrying capacity, pocket pressure, film thickness, and leakage flow rate. For the elastic material, Young’s modulus is a nonlinear relationship between stress acting on the seal surface and compressive strain. The load-carrying capacity expressed by the ratio of hydrostatic balance is not only dependent on the supply pressure (with the same restrictor) but also on the elastic modulus of materials. The calculated results coincide well with the experimental results.

X. Wang; A. Yamaguchi

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

120

Diamond-free Families Jerrold R. Griggs  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of times a random full chain meets a P-free family, called the Lubell function, and use it for P = Dk, the Lubell function of a family, which gives the average number of times a random full chain meets the family. The Lubell function yields an upper bound on the size of a family. For diamond-free families, we observe

Griggs, Jerrold R.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "diamond thrust bearings" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


121

Diamond Beamline I16 (Materials and Magnetism)  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We describe the key features and performance specifications of a facility for high-resolution single-crystal x-ray diffraction at Diamond Light Source. The scientific emphasis of the beamline is materials- and x-ray-physics, including resonant and magnetic scattering. We highlight some of the more novel aspects of the beamline design.

Collins, S. P.; Bombardi, A.; Marshall, A. R.; Williams, J. H.; Barlow, G.; Day, A. G.; Pearson, M. R.; Woolliscroft, R. J.; Walton, R. D.; Beutier, G.; Nisbet, G. [Diamond Light Source Ltd, Diamond House, Harwell Science and Innovation Campus, Didcot, Oxfordshire, OX11 0DE (United Kingdom)

2010-06-23T23:59:59.000Z

122

Superconductor bearings, flywheels and transportation  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This paper describes the present status of high temperature superconductors (HTS) and of bulk superconducting magnet devices, their use in bearings, in flywheel energy storage systems (FESS) and linear transport magnetic levitation (Maglev) systems. We report and review the concepts of multi-seeded REBCO bulk superconductor fabrication. The multi-grain bulks increase the averaged trapped magnetic flux density up to 40% compared to single-grain assembly in large-scale applications. HTS magnetic bearings with permanent magnet (PM) excitation were studied and scaled up to maximum forces of 10 kN axially and 4.5 kN radially. We examine the technology of the high-gradient magnetic bearing concept and verify it experimentally. A large HTS bearing is tested for stabilizing a 600 kg rotor of a 5 kWh/250 kW flywheel system. The flywheel rotor tests show the requirement for additional damping. Our compact flywheel system is compared with similar HTS–FESS projects. A small-scale compact YBCO bearing with in situ Stirling cryocooler is constructed and investigated for mobile applications. Next we show a successfully developed modular linear Maglev system for magnetic train operation. Each module levitates 0.25t at 10 mm distance during one-day operation without refilling LN2. More than 30 vacuum cryostats containing multi-seeded YBCO blocks are fabricated and are tested now in Germany, China and Brazil.

F N Werfel; U Floegel-Delor; R Rothfeld; T Riedel; B Goebel; D Wippich; P Schirrmeister

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

123

Diamond Shaving of Contaminated Concrete Surfaces  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Decommissioning and decontamination of existing facilities presents technological challenges. One major challenge is the removal of surface contamination from concrete floors and walls while eliminating the spread of contamination and volumetric reduction of the waste stream. Numerous methods have been tried with a varying degree of success. Recent technology has made this goal achievable and has been used successfully. This new technology is the Diamond Floor Shaver and Diamond Wall shaver. The Diamond Floor Shaver is a self-propelled, walk behind machine that literally shaves the contaminated concrete surface to specified depths. This is accomplished by using a patented system of 100 dry cutting diamond blades with offset diamond segments that interlock to provide complete shaving of the concrete surface. Grooves are eliminated which allows for a direct frisk reading to analyze results. When attached to an appropriate size vacuum, the dust produced is 100% contained. Dust is collected in drums ready for disposition and disposal. The waste produced in shaving 7,500 square feet at 1/8 inch thickness would fill a single 55 gallon drum. Production is dependent on depth of shaving but averages 100 square feet per hour. The wall shaver uses the same patented diamond drum and blades but is hydraulically driven and is deployed using a robotic arm allowing its operation to be to totally remote. It can reach ceilings as high as 20 feet. Numerous small projects were successfully completed using this technology. Large scale deployment came in 2003. Bluegrass, in conjunction with Bartlett Services, deployed this technology to support decontamination activities for closing of the Rocky Flats nuclear weapons site. Up to six floor shavers and one wall shaver were deployed in buildings B371 and B374. These buildings had up to one half-inch, fixed plutonium and beryllium contamination. Hundred-thousands of square feet of floors and walls were shaved successfully to depths of up to one half inch. Decontamination efforts were so successful the balance of the buildings could be demolished using conventional methods. The shavers helped keep the project on schedule while the vacuum system eliminated the potential for contaminants becoming airborne.

Mullen, Lisa K. [Bluegrass Concrete Cutting Inc., 107 Mildred Street PO Box 427, Greenville, Alabama 36037 (United States)

2008-01-15T23:59:59.000Z

124

Laser Method for Synthesis and Processing of Continuous Diamond Films on Nondiamond Substrates  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...GRAIN-BOUNDARIES IN CVD DIAMOND THIN-FILMS...continuous diamond thin film. Carbon ions were...continuous diamond thin film. Carbon ions were...vapor deposition (CVD) methods such as...while usefilf for coating applications, are not suitable...

J. NARAYAN; V. P. GODBOLE; C. W. WHITE

1991-04-19T23:59:59.000Z

125

Diamond optics V; Proceedings of the Meeting, San Diego, CA, July 20, 21, 1992  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Attention is given to unconventional diamond and DLC deposition processes, deposition characterization; diamond characterization, and structural, thermal, and optical properties. Particular attention is given to diamond CVD growth chemistry; a synthesis technique of diamondlike carbon films by a laser ablation ion source in the atmosphere; mass spectrometry studies of diamond deposition; characterization of electron cyclotron resonance plasmas for diamond deposition; thinning and polishing of diamond films by a diffusional reaction with metals; twin quituplets in a CVD diamond; characterization of diamond films deposited by hot-filament CVD using CF4 as a doping gas by Raman spectroscopy, FTIR spectroscopy, and atomic force microscopy; properties of optically smooth diamond thin films produced by ECR-PACVD; calculations of energy barriers to CVD diamon growth; thermal properties of optical-quality diamond films; attenuated total reflectance infrared absorption in CVD diamond films; and optical properties of boron-doped diamond films.

Feldman, A.; Sandor, H.

1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

126

Diamonds are an Electronic Device's Best Friend | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Diamonds are an Electronic Device's Best Friend Diamonds are an Electronic Device's Best Friend Diamonds are an Electronic Device's Best Friend April 17, 2012 - 11:43am Addthis Ultrananocrystalline diamond has a diverse range of applications from the next generation of high-definition flat panel displays to coatings for mechanical pump seals and tools. | Photo courtesy of Argonne National Lab Ultrananocrystalline diamond has a diverse range of applications from the next generation of high-definition flat panel displays to coatings for mechanical pump seals and tools. | Photo courtesy of Argonne National Lab Charles Rousseaux Charles Rousseaux Senior Writer, Office of Science How does it work? As computer performance has improved, engineers have had a hard time dissipating the heat produced. Diamond film may be the answer, as it's much better at absorbing and

127

Investigation of the axial and radial thrusts in a centrifugal pump  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Major Subject: Mechanical Engineering INVESTIGATION QF THE AXIAL AND RADIAL THRUSTS IN A CENTRIFUGAL PUMP A Thesis by CHQNG HWAN PARK Approved as to style and content by: eter Jenkins (C 'rman of Committee) Dr Srrra un aram (Member) Dr. R. R... of absolute flow velocity at outlet of impeller (ft/sec) Fa Fb diameter (in) axial thrust (lb) force acting on the back-faces of impeller (lb) Fr Hd H Hs Ht kx kx Pd P(r) force acting on the frontal face of impeller (lb) radial thrust (lb...

Park, Chong Hwan

1984-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

128

Deformation associated with transverse-thrust ramps: a field and experimental study  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

direction. 2. Marias Pass Location Maps. (A) Generalized geologic map showing location of Marias Pass, and the Lewis Thrust, and (B) schematic diagram illustrates ramp geometries for the Lewis Thrust in the Marias Pass region. 3. Geometry of dip ramp... of Marias Pass showing the location of study sites A, 8, C, and the dip-ramp site at Two Medicine Lake . 85 24. Contour map of the Lewis Thrust surface in the Marias Pass area constructed from sur- vey sites (measured in feet above sea level in order...

McCaskey, Michael Donald

1982-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

129

Technology advances for magnetic bearings  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This paper describes the state?of?the?art in magnetic bearing technology and applications and some of advances under development through the joint efforts of Rocketdyne Division of Rockwell International and Auburn University. Advances in the areas of nonlinear control systems design digital controller implementation and power electronics are discussed.

Steve Nolan; John Y. Hung

1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

130

Effectiveness of guidelines for retiming signalized diamond interchanges  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

OF SCIENCE May 1991 Major Subject: Civil Engineering EFFECTIVENESS OF GUIDELINES FOR RETIMING SIGNALIZED DIAMOND INTERCHANGES A Thesis by YVONNE DENISE IRVINE Approved as to style and content by: Daniel B. Fambro (Chair of Committee) Thomas Urbanik.... For the diamond interchange test, the participants were randomly assigned to two groups: the control group with no guidelines as reference or the second group, with the guidelines. The average scores on the diamond interchange test were compared using analysis...

Irvine, Yvonne Denise

1991-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

131

Method to fabricate micro and nano diamond devices  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A method including forming a diamond material on the surface of a substrate; forming a first contact and a separate second contact; and patterning the diamond material to form a nanowire between the first contact and the second contact. An apparatus including a first contact and a separate second contact on a substrate; and a nanowire including a single crystalline or polycrystalline diamond material on the substrate and connected to each of the first contact and the second contact.

Morales, Alfredo M; Anderson, Richard J; Yang, Nancy Y. C.; Skinner, Jack L; Rye, Michael J

2014-10-07T23:59:59.000Z

132

Diamond Walnut Biomass Facility | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Walnut Biomass Facility Walnut Biomass Facility Jump to: navigation, search Name Diamond Walnut Biomass Facility Facility Diamond Walnut Sector Biomass Location San Joaquin County, California Coordinates 37.9175935°, -121.1710389° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":37.9175935,"lon":-121.1710389,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

133

Diamond Willow Extension | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Extension Extension Jump to: navigation, search Name Diamond Willow Extension Facility Diamond Willow Extension Sector Wind energy Facility Type Commercial Scale Wind Facility Status In Service Owner Montana-Dakota Utilities Developer Montana-Dakota Utilities Energy Purchaser Montana-Dakota Utilities Location Near Baker MT Coordinates 46.281621°, -104.271355° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":46.281621,"lon":-104.271355,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

134

Measurement of tool forces in diamond turning  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A dynamometer has been designed and built to measure forces in diamond turning. The design includes a 3-component, piezoelectric transducer. Initial experiments with this dynamometer system included verification of its predicted dynamic characteristics as well as a detailed study of cutting parameters. Many cutting experiments have been conducted on OFHC Copper and 6061-T6 Aluminum. Tests have involved investigation of velocity effects, and the effects of depth and feedrate on tool forces. Velocity has been determined to have negligible effects between 4 and 21 m/s. Forces generally increase with increasing depth of cut. Increasing feedrate does not necessarily lead to higher forces. Results suggest that a simple model may not be sufficient to describe the forces produced in the diamond turning process.

Drescher, J.; Dow, T.A.

1988-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

135

Precision diamond grinding of ceramics and glass  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A new research initiative will be undertaken to investigate the effect of machine parameters and material properties on precision diamond grinding of ceramics and glass. The critical grinding depth to initiate the plastic flow-to-brittle fracture regime will be directly measured using plunge-grind tests. This information will be correlated with machine parameters such as wheel bonding and diamond grain size. Multiaxis grinding tests will then be made to provide data more closely coupled with production technology. One important aspect of the material property studies involves measuring fracture toughness at the very short crack sizes commensurate with grinding damage. Short crack toughness value`s can be much less than the long-crack toughness values measured in conventional fracture tests.

Smith, S.; Paul, H.; Scattergood, R.O.

1988-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

136

Diamond/aluminium nitride composites for efficient thermal management applications  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Synthetic diamond/AlN composite materials have been fabricated by a combination of microwave plasma-assisted chemical vapor deposition and molecular beam epitaxy. These wide band gap semiconductor heterojunctions show promises for many applications, including thermal management, deep ultraviolet light emitting devices, and high power and high temperature electronics. Here, we report results of an interface study of polycrystalline diamond layers grown on single crystal AlN(0001). High resolution transmission microscopy revealed atomically sharp interfaces between diamond and AlN. Temperature dependent Raman spectroscopy measurements showed reduced thermal resistance on diamond-coated AlN substrates compared to uncoated AlN at temperatures above 330 K.

Cervenka, J.; Dontschuk, N.; Prawer, S. [School of Physics, University of Melbourne, VIC (Australia); Ladouceur, F. [School of Electrical Engineering and Telecommunications, University of New South Wales, Sydney, NSW (Australia); Duvall, S. G. [Silanna Semiconductor Pty Ltd., Sydney, NSW (Australia)

2012-07-30T23:59:59.000Z

137

Thin Sheet of Diamond Has Worlds of Uses  

DOE R&D Accomplishments [OSTI]

A new technique from Argonne National Laboratory creates thin diamond films that are helping industry save energy and could even be used in heart and eye implants.

Sagoff, Jared

2011-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

138

Black Diamond Power Co | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Black Diamond Power Co Black Diamond Power Co Place West Virginia Utility Id 1764 Utility Location Yes Ownership I NERC Location RFC NERC RFC Yes Activity Distribution Yes References EIA Form EIA-861 Final Data File for 2010 - File1_a[1] Energy Information Administration Form 826[2] LinkedIn Connections CrunchBase Profile No CrunchBase profile. Create one now! This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by expanding it. Utility Rate Schedules Grid-background.png No rate schedules available. Average Rates Residential: $0.1200/kWh Commercial: $0.0685/kWh The following table contains monthly sales and revenue data for Black Diamond Power Co (West Virginia). Month RES REV (THOUSAND $) RES SALES (MWH) RES CONS COM REV (THOUSAND $) COM SALES (MWH) COM CONS IND_REV (THOUSAND $) IND SALES (MWH) IND CONS OTH REV (THOUSAND $) OTH SALES (MWH) OTH CONS TOT REV (THOUSAND $) TOT SALES (MWH) TOT CONS

139

Design of a low cost hydrostatic bearing  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This thesis presents the design and manufacturing method for a new surface self compensating hydrostatic bearing. A lumped resistance model was used to analyze the performance of the bearing and provide guidance on laying ...

Wong, Anthony Raymond

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

140

Report on Banda Aceh mega-thrust earthquake, December 26, 2004 Prepared January 7th  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 Report on Banda Aceh mega-thrust earthquake, December 26, 2004 Prepared January 7th 2005 by C. Vigny, on behalf of the SEAMERGES(*) participants On the morning of December 26th in SE Asia, 30 km

Vigny, Christophe

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "diamond thrust bearings" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


141

rf power system for thrust measurements of a helicon plasma source  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A rf power system has been developed, which allows the use of rf plasma devices in an electric propulsion test facility without excessive noise pollution in thruster diagnostics. Of particular importance are thrust stand measurements, which were previously impossible due to noise. Three major changes were made to the rf power system: first, the cable connection was changed from a balanced transmission line to an unbalanced coaxial line. Second, the rf power cabinet was placed remotely in order to reduce vibration-induced noise in the thrust stand. Finally, a relationship between transmission line length and rf was developed, which allows good transmission of rf power from the matching network to the helicon antenna. The modified system was tested on a thrust measurement stand and showed that rf power has no statistically significant contribution to the thrust stand measurement.

Kieckhafer, Alexander W.; Walker, Mitchell L. R. [Department of Aerospace Engineering, High-Power Electric Propulsion Laboratory, College of Engineering, Georgia Institute of Technology, Atlanta, Georgia 30332 (United States)

2010-07-15T23:59:59.000Z

142

Preservation of a subcritical wedge in the south Urals foreland thrust and fold belt  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...274 , 224-226. Elliot, D. 1976. Energy balance and deformation mechanisms of thrust sheets. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal...Stuttgart. Mitra, G. & Boyer, S. 1985. Energy blance and deformation mechanisms of duplexes...

D. BROWN; J. ALVAREZ-MARRÓN; A. PÉREZ-ESTAÚN

143

Calculation of the thrust of a wave-powered marine propelling device  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A scheme for calculating the thrust of a wave propelling device with limiters is proposed. The scheme can be extended to similar propelling devices with a more complex wing suspension or a more complex wing system.

Konstantinov, G.A.; Yakimov, Yu.L.

1995-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

144

E-Print Network 3.0 - active basement-involved thrust Sample...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

today (Hodges et al., 2001). Nevertheless, when... for the Main Central thrust in Nepal D.M. Robinson* P.G. DeCelles ... Source: Garzione, Carmala N. - Department of Earth...

145

Patterning of nanocrystalline diamond films for diamond microstructures useful in MEMS and other devices  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

MEMS structure and a method of fabricating them from ultrananocrystalline diamond films having average grain sizes of less than about 10 nm and feature resolution of less than about one micron . The MEMS structures are made by contacting carbon dimer species with an oxide substrate forming a carbide layer on the surface onto which ultrananocrystalline diamond having average grain sizes of less than about 10 nm is deposited. Thereafter, microfabrication process are used to form a structure of predetermined shape having a feature resolution of less than about one micron.

Gruen, Dieter M. (Downers Grove, IL); Busmann, Hans-Gerd (Bremen, DE); Meyer, Eva-Maria (Bremen, DE); Auciello, Orlando (Bolingbrook, IL); Krauss, Alan R. (late of Naperville, IL); Krauss, Julie R. (Naperville, IL)

2004-11-02T23:59:59.000Z

146

SMOKEY THE BEAR SUTRA Gary Snyder  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

is threatened by advertising, air pollution, televi­ sion, or the police, they should chant SMOKEY THE BEAR

Alexander, Roger K.

147

THE UNIVERSITY OF EDINBURGH. Hudson Beare Building.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. Accessible and standard toilets are also available. Introduction. The Hudson Beare Building housesTHE UNIVERSITY OF EDINBURGH. Hudson Beare Building. (King's Buildings). A GUIDE TO ACCESS AND FACILITIES. Address: Hudson Beare Building, King's Buildings, Edinburgh, E,H,9 3,J,F. Telephone number: 0131

Edinburgh, University of

148

The BEAR Beamline at Elettra  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The BEAR (Bending Magnet for Emission Absorption and Reflectivity) beamline is installed at the right exit of the 8.1 bending magnet at ELETTRA. The beamline - in operation since January 2003 - delivers linear and circularly polarized radiation in the 5 - 1600 eV energy range. The experimental station is composed of a UHV chamber for reflectivity, absorption, fluorescence and angle resolved photoemission measurements and a UHV chamber for in-situ sample preparation.

Nannarone, S.; Pasquali, L.; Selvaggi, G. [UdR-INFM Modena, Universita di Modena and Reggio Emilia, Via Vignolese 905, 41100 Modena (Italy); Borgatti, F.; DeLuisa, A.; Doyle, B.P.; Gazzadi, G.C.; Giglia, A.; Finetti, P.; Pedio, M. [TASC-INFM, MM building in Area Science Park, s.s.14 km 163.5, 34012 Basovizza, Trieste (Italy); Mahne, N. [TASC-INFM, Universita di Trieste, Trieste (Italy); Naletto, G.; Pelizzo, M.G.; Tondello, G. [LUXOR-INFM, Universita di Padova, Padua (Italy)

2004-05-12T23:59:59.000Z

149

Analytical and experimental investigations of hybrid air foil bearings  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Air foil bearings offer several advantages over oil-lubricated bearings in high speed micro-turbomachinery. With no contact between the rotor and bearings, the air foil bearings have higher service life and consequently lesser standstills between...

Kumar, Manish

2009-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

150

Diamond thin films: a 21st-century material  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...Research in Inorganic Materials (NIRIM) brought all...diamond lm with lament material. For diamond to be...molecules, the formation of active species, and nally...dia- mond cold cathode eld emission displays...over other electrode materials, such as Pt, which...

2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

151

The Phase I MX Beamlines at Diamond Light Source  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Three beamlines dedicated to macromolecular crystallography, I02, I03 and I04 at Diamond Light Source are presented. These beamlines formed the life science component of Phase 1 of Diamond Light Source. The article provides details of the design and the current status of the beamlines.

Duke, E. M. H.; Evans, G.; Flaig, R.; Hall, D. R.; Latchem, M.; McAuley, K. E.; Sandy, D. J.; Sorensen, T. L-M.; Waterman, D.; Johnson, L. N. [Diamond Light Source, Harwell Science and Innovation Campus, Didcot, Oxon. OX11 0DE (United Kingdom)

2010-06-23T23:59:59.000Z

152

COMPACTIFICATIONS OF ADJOINT ORBITS AND THEIR HODGE DIAMONDS  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

manifold X, a symplectic Lefschetz fibration (SLF) on X is a fibration f : X C that has only Morse type of the SLF. Calculating such Hodge diamonds is computationally heavy, so we used Macaulay2. Details as for the fibres of the SLF can be read off the Hodge diamonds. Remark 1. Choosing a compactification is in general

Gasparim, Elizabeth

153

The Polishing, Surface Flow and Wear of Diamond and Glass  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...Polishing, Surface Flow and Wear of Diamond and Glass F. P. Bowden H. G. Scott It has been shown that a diamond sliding on glass can under suitable conditions induce surface flow of the glass. The speed (v) and load (W) necessary to cause...

1958-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

154

Hydrostatic bearings for a turbine fluid flow metering device  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A rotor assembly fluid metering device has been improved by development of a hydrostatic bearing fluid system which provides bearing fluid at a common pressure to rotor assembly bearing surfaces. The bearing fluid distribution system produces a uniform film of fluid distribution system produces a uniform film of fluid between bearing surfaces and allows rapid replacement of bearing fluid between bearing surfaces, thereby minimizing bearing wear and corrosion.

Fincke, J.R.

1980-05-02T23:59:59.000Z

155

Nonlinear optical spectroscopy of diamond surfaces  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Second harmonic generation (SHG) and infrared-visible sum frequency generation (SFG) spectroscopies have been shown to be powerful and versatile for studying surfaces with submonolayer sensitivity. They have been used in this work to study bare diamond surfaces and molecular adsorption on them. In particular, infrared-visible SFG as a surface vibrational spectroscopic technique has been employed to identify and monitor in-situ surface bonds and species on the diamond (111) surface. The CH stretch spectra allow us to investigate hydrogen adsorption, desorption, abstraction, and the nature of the hydrogen termination. The C(111) surface dosed with atomic hydrogen was found to be in a monohydride configuration with the hydrogen atoms situated at top-sites. The ratio of the abstraction rate to the adsorption rate was appreciable during atomic hydrogen dosing. Kinetic parameters for thermal desorption of H on C(111) were determined showing a near first-order kinetics. For the fully H-terminated (111) surface, a large (110 cm{sup {minus}1}) anharmonicity and {approximately}19 psec lifetime were measured for the first-excited CH stretch mode. The bare reconstructed C(111)-(2 {times} l) surface showed the presence of CC stretch modes which were consistent with the Pandey {pi}-bonded chain structure. When exposed to the methyl radical, the SFG spectra of the C(111) surface showed features suggesting the presence of adsorbed methyl species. After heating to sufficiently high temperatures, they were converted into the monohydride species. Preliminary results on the hydrogen-terminated diamond (100) surface are also presented.

Chin, R.P.

1995-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

156

Nano-diamonds in the Universe A.C. Andersen,1  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Nano-diamonds in the Universe A.C. Andersen,1 H. Mutschke,2 L. Binette3 , S. Höfner4 1 NORDITA, SE-75120 Uppsala Sweden The first direct evidence for nano-diamonds in space came from meteorites. Laboratory analyses on fine-grained diamond residues from primitive meteorites have shown that nano- diamonds

Andersen, Anja C.

157

Coupling of nitrogen-vacancy centers in diamond to a GaP waveguide  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The optical coupling of guided modes in a GaP waveguide to nitrogen-vacancy (NV) centers in diamond is demonstrated. The electric field penetration into diamond and the loss of the guided mode are measured. The results indicate that the GaP-diamond system could be useful for realizing coupled microcavity-NV devices for quantum information processing in diamond.

K. -M. C. Fu; C. Santori; P. E. Barclay; I. Aharonovich; S. Prawer; N. Meyer; A. M. Holm; R. G. Beausoleil

2008-11-03T23:59:59.000Z

158

Low-friction coatings for air bearings in fuel cell air compressors  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In an effort to reduce fuel consumption and emissions, hybrid vehicles incorporating fuel cell systems are being developed by automotive manufacturers, their suppliers, federal agencies (specifically, the US Department of Energy) and national laboratories. The fuel cell system will require an air management subsystem that includes a compressor/expander. Certain components in the compressor will require innovative lubrication technology in order to reduce parasitic energy losses and improve their reliability and durability. One such component is the air bearing for air turbocompressors designed and fabricated by Meruit, Inc. Argonne National Laboratory recently developed a carbon-based coating with low friction and wear attributes; this near-frictionless-carbon (NFC) coating is a potential candidate for use in turbocompressor air bearings. The authors present here an evaluation of the Argonne coating for air compressor thrust bearings. With two parallel 440C stainless steel discs in unidirectional sliding contact, the NFC reduced the frictional force four times and the wear rate by more than two orders of magnitude. Wear mechanism on the uncoated surface involved oxidation and production of iron oxide debris. Wear occurred on the coated surfaces primarily by a polishing mechanism.

Ajayi, O. O.; Fenske, G. R.; Erdemir, A.; Woodford, J.; Sitts, J.; Elshot, K.; Griffey, K.

2000-01-06T23:59:59.000Z

159

Turbocharger bearing retention and lubrication system  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This patent describes exhausts gas driven turbocharger. It comprises a housing, a shaft within the housing having a longitudinal axis of rotation and a pair of ends, a compressor wheel mounted within the housing on one end of the shaft for rotation therewith, a turbine wheel mounted within the housing on the other end of the shaft for rotation therewith, means for communicating air to the compressor wheel, means for communicating exhaust gas to the turbine wheel to cause the latter to rotate the shaft and the compressor wheel mounted thereon to compress the air communicated to the compressor wheel, and bearing means mounting the shaft for rotation relative to the housing, the bearing means including a bearing outer ring, a bearing inner ring, and ball bearing elements supporting the bearing outer ring on the bearing inner ring, a bearing locating aperture in the bearing outer ring, and an elongated bearing location pin having a longitudinal axis of symmetry extending transversely to the longitudinal axis of the shaft.

Gutknecht, D.A.

1991-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

160

Engineering Research and Development and Technology thrust area report FY92  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The mission of the Engineering Research, Development, and Technology Program at Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL) is to develop the technical staff and the technology needed to support current and future LLNL programs. To accomplish this mission, the Engineering Research, Development, and Technology Program has two important goals: (1) to identify key technologies and (2) to conduct high-quality work to enhance our capabilities in these key technologies. To help focus our efforts, we identify technology thrust areas and select technical leaders for each area. The thrust areas are integrated engineering activities and, rather than being based on individual disciplines, they are staffed by personnel from Electronics Engineering, Mechanical Engineering, and other LLNL organizations, as appropriate. The thrust area leaders are expected to establish strong links to LLNL program leaders and to industry; to use outside and inside experts to review the quality and direction of the work; to use university contacts to supplement and complement their efforts; and to be certain that we are not duplicating the work of others. This annual report, organized by thrust area, describes activities conducted within the Program for the fiscal year 1992. Its intent is to provide timely summaries of objectives, theories, methods, and results. The nine thrust areas for this fiscal year are: Computational Electronics and Electromagnetics; Computational Mechanics; Diagnostics and Microelectronics; Emerging Technologies; Fabrication Technology; Materials Science and Engineering; Microwave and Pulsed Power; Nondestructive Evaluation; and Remote Sensing and Imaging, and Signal Engineering.

Langland, R.T.; Minichino, C. [eds.

1993-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "diamond thrust bearings" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


161

Performance evaluation of bound diamond ring tools  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

LLNL is collaborating with the Center for Optics Manufacturing (COM) and the American Precision Optics Manufacturers Association (APOMA) to optimize bound diamond ring tools for the spherical generation of high quality optical surfaces. An important element of this work is establishing an experimentally-verified link between tooling properties and workpiece quality indicators such as roughness, subsurface damage and removal rate. In this paper, we report on a standardized methodology for assessing ring tool performance and its preliminary application to a set of commercially-available wheels. Our goals are to (1) assist optics manufacturers (users of the ring tools) in evaluating tools and in assessing their applicability for a given operation, and (2) provide performance feedback to wheel manufacturers to help optimize tooling for the optics industry. Our paper includes measurements of wheel performance for three 2-4 micron diamond bronze-bond wheels that were supplied by different manufacturers to nominally- identical specifications. Preliminary data suggests that the difference in performance levels among the wheels were small.

Piscotty, M.A.; Taylor, J.S.; Blaedel, K.L.

1995-07-14T23:59:59.000Z

162

ANL/APS/TB-24 Diamond Monochromators for APS Undulator-A Beamlines  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

4 4 Diamond Monochromators for APS Undulator-A Beamlines R.C. Blasdell, L. A. Assoufid, and D. M. Mills TABLE OF CONTENTS 1. INTRODUCTION .................................................................................1 2. PHYSICAL PROPERTIES OF DIAMONDS ..................................................5 2.1 Varieties of Diamonds ....................................................................5 2.2 The Lattice Parameter .....................................................................5 2.3 Bulk Thermal and Mechanical Properties ...............................................6 2.4 Typical Surface and Lattice Plane Morphology ......................................8 2.5 The Liquid-GaIn/Diamond Interface ...................................................10 3. DIFFRACTION PROPERTIES OF DIAMOND

163

Principal Investigator Department Title Thrust Area Dr. Gang Li Physics Current Sheet Structures in the Inner Heliosphere 1500  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Principal Investigator Department Title Thrust Area Dr. Gang Li Physics Current Sheet. Zuejing Xing Accounting/Finance Why are IPOs Underpriced? The Role of Institutional Ownership 3000 Dr

Alabama in Huntsville, University of

164

Static forces in a superconducting magnet bearing  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Static levitation forces and stiffnesses in a superconducting bearing consisting of concentric ring magnets and a superconducting YBaCuO ring are investigated. In the field-cooled mode a levitation force of 20 N has been achieved. The axial and radial stiffnesses have values of 15 N/mm and 10 N/mm, respectively. An arrangement with two bearings supporting a high speed shaft is now under development. A possible application of superconducting magnetic bearings is flywheels for energy storage.

Stoye, P.; Fuchs, G. [Institut fuer Festkoerper- und Werkstofforschung, Dresden (Germany)] [Institut fuer Festkoerper- und Werkstofforschung, Dresden (Germany); Gawalek, W.; Goernert, P. [Institut fuer Physikalische Hochtechnologie, Jena (Germany)] [Institut fuer Physikalische Hochtechnologie, Jena (Germany); Gladun, A. [Technische Univ., Dresden (Germany)] [Technische Univ., Dresden (Germany)

1995-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

165

Software optimization for electrical conductivity imaging in polycrystalline diamond cutters  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We previously reported on an electrical conductivity imaging instrument developed for measurements on polycrystalline diamond cutters. These cylindrical cutters for oil and gas drilling feature a thick polycrystalline diamond layer on a tungsten carbide substrate. The instrument uses electrical impedance tomography to profile the conductivity in the diamond table. Conductivity images must be acquired quickly, on the order of 5 sec per cutter, to be useful in the manufacturing process. This paper reports on successful efforts to optimize the conductivity reconstruction routine, porting major portions of it to NVIDIA GPUs, including a custom CUDA kernel for Jacobian computation.

Bogdanov, G.; Ludwig, R. [Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, Worcester Polytechnic Institute, 100 Institute Rd, Worcester, MA 01609 (United States); Wiggins, J.; Bertagnolli, K. [US Synthetic, 1260 South 1600 West, Orem, UT 84058 (United States)

2014-02-18T23:59:59.000Z

166

Observation of diamond turned OFHC copper using Scanning Tunneling Microscopy  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Diamond turned OFHC copper samples have been observed within the past few months using the Scanning Tunneling Microscope. Initial results have shown evidence of artifacts which may be used to better understand the diamond turning process. The STM`s high resolution capability and three dimensional data representation allows observation and study of surface features unobtainable with conventional profilometry systems. Also, the STM offers a better quantitative means by which to analyze surface structures than the SEM. This paper discusses findings on several diamond turned OFHC copper samples having different cutting conditions. Each sample has been cross referenced using STM and SEM.

Grigg, D.A.; Russell, P.E.; Dow, T.A.

1988-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

167

Late Cretaceous extension in the hinterland of the Sevier thrust belt,  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Late Cretaceous extension in the hinterland of the Sevier thrust belt, Late Cretaceous extension in the hinterland of the Sevier thrust belt, northwestern Utah and southern Idaho Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Journal Article: Late Cretaceous extension in the hinterland of the Sevier thrust belt, northwestern Utah and southern Idaho Details Activities (1) Areas (1) Regions (0) Abstract: Cover rocks of the Raft River metamorphic core complex, located in the Sevier belt hinterland, preserve a structural and metamorphic history that predates the middle Tertiary extension of the region. In the eastern Raft River Mountains, Cambrian-Permian rocks form two allochthons that occur in the hanging wall of the mid-Miocene Raft River detachment fault. Dramatically attenuated, metamorphosed Cambrian-Pennsylvanian strata

168

Devonian Novaculites as source of oil in Marathon-Ouachita thrust system  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Arkansas Novaculite of southern Oklahoma and the Caballos Novaculite of west Texas (both Devonian) form fractured reservoirs in the Marathon-Ouachita thrust system. These formations were examined to ascertain their petroleum potential. Findings include the following. (1) The thermal maturity of the thrust system conforms to the maturity of the sequence that it has overthrust, suggesting that this allochthonous facies is not anomalously mature. (2) Shale units within the novaculites contain oil-prone organic matter in sufficient concentrations to constitute source rocks. (3) The composition of oils from Isom Springs field in southern Oklahoma and from McKay Creek field in west Texas is virtually identical and generally resembles Devonian oils in Oklahoma and west Texas. The authors concluded that the Devonian novaculites of the Marathon-Ouachita thrust system are self sourcing and do not require a fortuitous juxtaposition of source rocks of a different age to produce a commercial deposit.

Zemmels, I.; Grizzle, P.L.; Walters, C.C.; Haney, F.R.

1985-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

169

OFFICE OF SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY AND INTERNATIONAL, NATURAL BARRIERS THRUST OVERVIEW  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Natural Barriers Thrust supports scientific studies of the natural system at the proposed repository site of Yucca Mountain. It stresses the realistic representation of the natural system with respect to processes and parameters, by means of laboratory, field, and modeling studies. It has the objectives to demonstrate that the natural barriers can make large contributions to repository performance, supporting the multiple-barrier concept for geological disposal of high-level radioactive waste; and to reduce the overall cost of repository development by elimination of unnecessary engineered components, given the demonstrated natural barriers performance. In this overview we enumerate the research projects within the Natural Barriers Thrust grouped under five elements: (1) Drift Seepage, (2) In-drift Environment, (3) Drift Shadow, (4) Unsaturated Zone Flow and Transport, and (5) Saturated Zone Flow and Transport. The long-term strategic plan of the Natural Barriers Thrust and some key results are also briefly described.

B. Bodvarsson; Y. Tsang

2006-02-21T23:59:59.000Z

170

Synthesis and characterization of silicon phthalocyanines bearing...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Synthesis and characterization of silicon phthalocyanines bearing axial phenoxyl groups for attachment to semiconducting metal oxides Authors: Bergkamp, J. J., Sherman, B. D.,...

171

Very low friction for diamond sliding on diamond in water Plasma Processing Laboratory, Auburn University, 200 Broun Hall, Auburn, Alabama 36849  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Very low friction for diamond sliding on diamond in water Y. Tzeng Plasma Processing Laboratory for publication 17 September 1993) This letter reports the lowest coefficient of friction measured for diamond a load of 50 g, the coefficient of friction falls to -0.001. This clearly shows the effectiveness

Tzeng, Yonhua

172

Electrodeposited coatings for diamond turning applications  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Electrodeposited coatings are attractive for precision machining operations because thick coatings can be economically applied, with good adhesion, to a variety of substrates. Approximately 20 pure metals and a large number of alloys can be deposited from aqueous solutions. Fused salt and organic solvent electrolytes can be used to lengthen the list of metals that can be electrodeposited. However, both the choice of the metallic coating and the control of the plating process are critical for success in precision finishing of electrodeposited coatings. Some preliminary results at the National Institute of Standards and Technology and at the Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory suggest that electrodeposited nickel-phosphorus alloys are excellent coatings for single point diamond turning from the standpoint of material properties and low tool wear. Electrodeposited aluminum and aluminum alloy coatings also merit consideration for precision finishing where weight is an important factor. 10 refs., 6 figs.

Mayer, A.; Bramlett, R.D.; Day, R.D. (Los Alamos National Lab., NM (USA)); Evans, C.J.; Polvani, R.S. (National Inst. of Standards and Technology, Gaithersburg, MD (USA))

1991-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

173

A Test Beamline on Diamond Light Source  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A Test beamline B16 has been built on the 3 GeV Diamond synchrotron radiation source. The beamline covers a wide photon energy range from 2 to 25 keV. The beamline is highly flexible and versatile in terms of the available beam size (a micron to 100 mm) and the range of energy resolution and photon flux; by virtue of its several operational modes, and the different inter-changeable instruments available in the experiments hutch. Diverse experimental configurations can be flexibly configured using a five-circle diffractometer, a versatile optics test bench, and a suite of detectors. Several experimental techniques including reflectivity, diffraction and imaging are routinely available. Details of the beamline and its measured performance are presented.

Sawhney, K. J. S.; Dolbnya, I. P.; Tiwari, M. K.; Alianelli, L.; Scott, S. M.; Preece, G. M.; Pedersen, U. K.; Walton, R. D. [Diamond Light Source Ltd, Harwell Science and Innovation Campus, Didcot, Oxfordshire-OX11 0DE (United Kingdom)

2010-06-23T23:59:59.000Z

174

Diamond based single molecule magnetic resonance spectroscopy  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The detection of a nuclear spin in an individual molecule represents a key challenge in physics and biology whose solution has been pursued for many years. The small magnetic moment of a single nucleus and the unavoidable environmental noise present the key obstacles for its realization. Here, we demonstrate theoretically that a single nitrogen-vacancy (NV) center in diamond can be used to construct a nano-scale single molecule spectrometer that is capable of detecting the position and spin state of a single nucleus and can determine the distance and alignment of a nuclear or electron spin pair. The proposed device will find applications in single molecule spectroscopy in chemistry and biology, such as in determining protein structure or monitoring macromolecular motions and can thus provide a tool to help unravelling the microscopic mechanisms underlying bio-molecular function.

Jianming Cai; Fedor Jelezko; Martin B. Plenio; Alex Retzker

2011-12-23T23:59:59.000Z

175

Diamond Green Diesel: Diversifying Our Transportation Fuel Supply |  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Diamond Green Diesel: Diversifying Our Transportation Fuel Supply Diamond Green Diesel: Diversifying Our Transportation Fuel Supply Diamond Green Diesel: Diversifying Our Transportation Fuel Supply January 20, 2011 - 3:48pm Addthis Jonathan Silver Jonathan Silver Executive Director of the Loan Programs Office What does this project do? Nearly triples the amount of renewable diesel produced domestically Diversifies the U.S. fuel supply Today, Secretary Chu announced the offer of a conditional commitment for a $241 million loan guarantee to Diamond Green Diesel, LLC., the DOE Loan Program's first conditional commitment for an advanced biofuels plant. The loan guarantee will support the construction of a 137-million gallon per year renewable diesel facility that will produce renewable diesel fuel primarily from animal fats, used cooking oil and other waste grease

176

Argonne researchers develop two new diamond inventions | Argonne...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

develop two new diamond inventions By Jared Sagoff * October 10, 2014 Tweet EmailPrint ARGONNE, Ill. - Researchers at the U.S. Department of Energy's Argonne National Laboratory...

177

Low-Pressure, Metastable Growth of Diamond and "Diamondlike" Phases  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...HYDROCARBON PLASMA, THIN SOLID...MICROWAVE PLASMA, JOURNAL...KAWARADA, H, LARGE AREA CHEMICAL...MAGNETOMICROWAVE PLASMA, JAPANESE...CARBON-FILMS BY RF GLOW-DISCHARGE...INDUCTION THERMAL PLASMA...DIAMOND AT ATMOSPHERIC-PRESSURE...JOURNAL OF NON-CRYSTALLINE...

JOHN C. ANGUS; CLIFF C. HAYMAN

1988-08-19T23:59:59.000Z

178

Plasma-assisted conversion of solid hydrocarbon to diamond  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A process of preparing diamond, e.g., diamond fiber, by subjecting a hydrocarbon material, e.g., a hydrocarbon fiber, to a plasma treatment in a gaseous feedstream for a sufficient period of time to form diamond, e.g., a diamond fiber is disclosed. The method generally further involves pretreating the hydrocarbon material prior to treatment with the plasma by heating within an oxygen-containing atmosphere at temperatures sufficient to increase crosslinking within said hydrocarbon material, but at temperatures insufficient to melt or decompose said hydrocarbon material, followed by heating at temperatures sufficient to promote outgassing of said crosslinked hydrocarbon material, but at temperatures insufficient to convert said hydrocarbon material to carbon.

Valone, Steven M. (Santa Fe, NM); Pattillo, Stevan G. (Los Alamos, NM); Trkula, Mitchell (Los Alamos, NM); Coates, Don M. (Santa Fe, NM); Shah, S. Ismat (Wilmington, DE)

1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

179

Diamond graphs and super-reflexivity William B. Johnson  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Diamond graphs and super-reflexivity William B. Johnson and Gideon Schechtman Abstract The main results is that dimension reduction a-la Johnson­Lindenstrauss fails in any non super reflexive space

Johnson, William B.

180

Thin diamond films provide new material for micro-machines |...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Thin diamond films provide new material for micro-machines By Jared Sagoff * July 31, 2014 Tweet EmailPrint ARGONNE, Ill. - Airbags, inkjet printers and video projectors may not...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "diamond thrust bearings" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


181

HODGE DIAMONDS OF ADJOINT ORBITS BRIAN CALLANDER AND ELIZABETH GASPARIM  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

- pactifications of adjoint orbits and of the fibres of symplectic Lefschetz fibra- tions (SLF) on them. The Macaulay2 function hh can then be used to calculate the corresponding Hodge diamonds. An SLF is a fibration

Gasparim, Elizabeth

182

Nano-manipulation of diamond-based single photon sources  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The ability to manipulate nano-particles at the nano-scale is critical for the development of active quantum systems. This paper presents a technique to manipulate diamond...

Ampem-Lassen, Eric; Simpson, D A; Gibson, B C; Trpkovski, S; Hossain, F M; Huntington, S T; Ganesan, K; Hollenberg, L C; Prawer, S

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

183

Argonne CNM News: State-of-the-Art Diamond Semiconductor Technology  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

State-of-the-Art Diamond Semiconductor Technology Licensed to AKHAN Technologies State-of-the-Art Diamond Semiconductor Technology Licensed to AKHAN Technologies The U.S. Department of Energy's Argonne National Laboratory announced today that the laboratory has granted AKHAN Technologies, Inc., exclusive diamond semiconductor application licensing rights to breakthrough low-temperature diamond deposition technology developed by Argonne's Center for Nanoscale Materials (CNM). The method allows for the deposition of nanocrystalline diamond on a variety of wafer substrate materials at temperatures as low as 400°C, highly advantageous for integration with processed semiconductor electronic materials and resulting in the deposition of low-defect nanocrystalline diamond (NCD) thin films. The combination of CNM's low-temperature diamond technology with the AKHAN Miraj Diamond(tm) process represents the state of the art in diamond semiconductor thin-film technology.

184

Yield Optimization of Nitrogen Vacancy Centers in Diamond  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

/nmg2870 ………………………………………………………………. 21 3-7 The minimum implantation time to prevent graphitization versus temperature for various doses of 2 MeV nitrogen implantation………… 22 x FIGURE... is feasible and allows removal of most dirt, some amorphous carbon, and graphite on surface without eroding the diamond. The bond strength of diamond also allows heating in vacuum to high temperature up to 1700°C and can be baked in air up to 700°C...

Chen, Jeson

2012-10-19T23:59:59.000Z

185

Analysis of the influence of tool dynamics in diamond turning  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This report describes the progress in defining the role of machine and interface dynamics on the surface finish in diamond turning. It contains a review of literature from conventional and diamond machining processes relating tool dynamics, material interactions and tool wear to surface finish. Data from experimental measurements of tool/work piece interface dynamics are presented as well as machine dynamics for the DTM at the Center.

Fawcett, S.C.; Luttrell, D.E.; Keltie, R.F.

1988-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

186

Precision instrumentation for rolling element bearing characterization  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This article describes an instrument to measure the error motion of rolling element bearings. This challenge is met by simultaneously satisfying four requirements. First, an axial preload must be applied to seat the rolling elements in the bearing races. Second, one of the races must spin under the influence of an applied torque. Third, rotation of the remaining race must be prevented in a way that leaves the radial, axial/face, and tilt displacements free to move. Finally, the bearing must be fixtured and measured without introducing off-axis loading or other distorting influences. In the design presented here, an air bearing reference spindle with error motion of less than 10 nm rotates the inner race of the bearing under test. Noninfluencing couplings are used to prevent rotation of the bearing outer race and apply an axial preload without distorting the bearing or influencing the measurement. Capacitive displacement sensors with 2 nm resolution target the nonrotating outer race. The error motion measurement repeatability is shown to be less than 25 nm. The article closes with a discussion of how the instrument may be used to gather data with sufficient resolution to accurately estimate the contact angle of deep groove ball bearings.

Marsh, Eric R.; Vigliano, Vincent C.; Weiss, Jeffrey R.; Moerlein, Alex W.; Vallance, R. Ryan [Machine Dynamics Research Laboratory, Pennsylvania State University, 331 Reber Building University Park, Pennsylvania 16802 (United States); Precision Systems Laboratory, George Washington University, 738 Phillips Hall 801 22nd Street, N.W. Washington, D.C., 20052 (United States)

2007-03-15T23:59:59.000Z

187

Self-adjusting magnetic bearing systems  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A self-adjusting magnetic bearing automatically adjusts the parameters of an axially unstable magnetic bearing such that its force balance is maintained near the point of metastable equilibrium. Complete stabilization can be obtained with the application of weak restoring forces either from a mechanical bearing (running at near-zero load, thus with reduced wear) or from the action of residual eddy currents in a snubber bearing. In one embodiment, a torque is generated by the approach of a slotted pole to a conducting plate. The torque actuates an assembly which varies the position of a magnetic shunt to change the force exerted by the bearing. Another embodiment achieves axial stabilization by sensing vertical displacements in a suspended bearing element, and using this information in an electrical servo system. In a third embodiment, as a rotating eddy current exciter approaches a stationary bearing, it heats a thermostat which actuates an assembly to weaken the attractive force between the two bearing elements. An improved version of an electromechanical battery utilizing the designs of the various embodiments is described.

Post, Richard F. (Walnut Creek, CA)

1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

188

Early Weichselian palaeoenvironments reconstructed from a mega-scale thrust-fault complex, Kanin Peninsula, northwestern Russia  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

-scale thrust-fault complex, Kanin Peninsula, northwestern Russia EILIV LARSEN, KURT H. KJ�R, MARIA JENSEN, IGOR a mega-scale thrust-fault complex, Kanin Peninsula, northwestern Russia. Boreas, Vol. 35, pp. 00Á00. Oslo and sorted sediments is superbly exposed on the north coast of the Kanin Peninsula, northwestern Russia

Ingólfsson, �lafur

189

Marine bearing for a downhole drilling apparatus  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A bearing supports a rotatable shaft in a fluid environment. The bearing can be utilized to support a drive shaft connected to a drill bit in a downhole drilling apparatus. The drive shaft extends through a housing in which drilling fluid is flowing. Preferably, the bearing includes an inner elastomeric sleeve and an outer rigid sleeve attached to the interior side wall of the housing. The drive shaft has a wear sleeve attached for rotation therewith. The wear sleeve is rotatably received in the bearing inner sleeve. The inner sleeve is relatively short as compared with the drive shaft and absorbs radial loads imposed on the drive shaft. The bearing is lubricated by a portion of the drilling fluid in the housing which flows between the exterior side wall of the wear sleeve and the interior side wall of the inner sleeve.

Beimgraben, H.W.

1984-07-31T23:59:59.000Z

190

Reevaluation of Type I Diamonds for Infrared and Raman Spectroscopy in High-Pressure Diamond Anvil Cells  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Types Ia, IIa, and IIb diamonds have been compared for their use as anvils in infrared and Raman high-pressure spectroscopy. In the mid-infrared region above 2700 cm?1,...

Wong, P T T; Klug, D D

1983-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

191

PATENTING AND LICENSING The major thrust of the Technology Transfer Office's activity is directed towards  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

PATENTING AND LICENSING The major thrust of the Technology Transfer Office's activity that he or she may have created an invention, to promptly report it to the Technology Transfer Office. 2. Patentability Determination After the invention is reported to the Technology Transfer Office

192

Seismological evidence for crustal-scale thrusting in the Zagros mountain belt (Iran)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Seismological evidence for crustal-scale thrusting in the Zagros mountain belt (Iran) Anne Paul 1 Grenoble Cedex, France 2 International Institute of Earthquake Engineering and Seismology, Tehran, Iran 3 that the crust of Zagros underthrusts the crust of central Iran along the MZT considered as a crustal

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

193

Convergence rate across the Nepal Himalaya and interseismic coupling on the Main Himalayan Thrust: Implications  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Convergence rate across the Nepal Himalaya and interseismic coupling on the Main Himalayan Thrust the Nepal Himalaya using GPS times series from 30 stations in Nepal and southern Tibet, in addition and eastern Nepal and 20.5 Ã? 1 mm/yr in western Nepal. The moment deficit due to locking of the MHT

Avouac, Jean-Philippe

194

Plasma channel from EP beam Direct-drive ignition is the main thrust in LLE  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

ignition and radiography I2094 The OMEGA laser at the University of Rochester's Laboratory for LaserPlasma channel from EP beam #12;Direct-drive ignition is the main thrust in LLE fusion research activities I2092 · FusionresearchatLLEisfocusedonbuildingthefoundations for a direct-drive­ignition

195

Thrust belt architecture of the central and southern Western Foothills of Taiwan  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

is an inverted basin. Most of the faults of the Western Foothills started their activity before the deposition of the Cholan Fm (~3.5 Ma). There is not a strict forward-breaking thrust sequence in Taiwan. Out-of-sequence faulting may be due to localized erosion...

Rodriguez-Roa, Fernando Antonio

2009-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

196

One-equation modeling and validation of dielectric barrier discharge plasma actuator thrust  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Dielectric barrier discharge (DBD) plasma actuators with an asymmetric electrode configuration can generate a wall-bounded jet without mechanical moving parts, which require considerable modifications of existing aeronautical objects and which incur high maintenance costs. Despite this potential, one factor preventing the wider application of such actuators is the lack of a reliable actuator model. It is difficult to develop such a model because calculating the ion-electric field and fluid interaction consume a high amount calculation effort during the numerical analysis. Thus, the authors proposed a semi-empirical model which predicted the thrust of plasma actuators with a simple equation. It gave a numeric thrust value, and we implemented the value on a computational fluid dynamics (CFD) solver to describe the two-dimensional flow field induced by the actuator. However, the model had a narrow validation range, depending on the empirical formula, and it did not fully consider environment variables.This study presents an improved model by replacing the empirical formulae in the previous model with physical equations that take into account physical phenomena and environmental variables. During this process, additional operation parameters, such as pressure, temperature and ac waveforms, are newly taken to predict the thrust performance of the actuators with a wider range of existing parameters, the thickness of the dielectric barrier, the exposed electrode, the dielectric constant, the ac frequency and the voltage amplitude. Thrust prediction curves from the model are compared to those of earlier experimental results, showing that the average error is less than 5% for more than one hundred instances of data. As in the earlier work, the predicted thrust value is implemented on a CFD solver, and two-dimensional wall-jet velocity profiles induced by the actuator are compared to the previous experimental results.

Jae-San Yoon; Jae-Hung Han

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

197

Elasticity, strength, and toughness of single crystal silicon carbide, ultrananocrystalline diamond, and hydrogen-free tetrahedral amorphous  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Elasticity, strength, and toughness of single crystal silicon carbide, ultrananocrystalline diamond carbide 3C-SiC , ultrananocrystalline diamond, and hydrogen-free tetrahedral amorphous carbon

Espinosa, Horacio D.

198

CX-005128: Categorical Exclusion Determination | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

28: Categorical Exclusion Determination 28: Categorical Exclusion Determination CX-005128: Categorical Exclusion Determination The Development of Open, Water Lubricated Polycrystalline Diamond Thrust Bearings For use in Marine Hydrokinetic (MHK) Energy Machines CX(s) Applied: A9, B3.6 Date: 01/25/2011 Location(s): Orem, Utah Office(s): Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy, Golden Field Office United States Synthetic Corporation is proposing to use federal funding to design, fabricate and test polycrystalline diamond (PCD) thrust bearings for marine hydrokinetic (MHK) systems. A key design element in most MHK strategies would be robust bearings, which can operate for extended periods of time in the harsh marine environments. The goal of the proposed project is to demonstrate how PCD thrust bearings would reduce the cost of

199

CX-005184: Categorical Exclusion Determination | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

84: Categorical Exclusion Determination 84: Categorical Exclusion Determination CX-005184: Categorical Exclusion Determination The Development of Open, Water Lubricated Polycrystalline Diamond Thrust Bearings For use in Marine Hydrokinetic Energy Machines CX(s) Applied: A9, B3.6 Date: 01/28/2011 Location(s): Orem, Utah Office(s): Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy, Golden Field Office United States Synthetic Corporation is proposing to use federal funding to design, fabricate and test polycrystalline diamond (PCD) thrust bearings for marine hydrokinetic (MHK) systems. A key design element in most MHK strategies would be robust bearings, which can operate for extended periods of time in the harsh marine environments. The goal of the proposed project is to demonstrate how PCD thrust bearings would reduce the cost of

200

Turbocharger with improved roller bearing shaft support  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This paper describes an exhaust gas driven turbocharger. It comprises: a housing, a shaft within the housing having a pair of ends, a compressor wheel mounted within the housing on one end of the shaft for rotation therewith, a turbine wheel mounted within the housing on the other end of the shaft for rotation therewith, means for communicating air through the compressor wheel, means for communicating exhaust gas through the turbine wheel to cause the latter to rotate the shaft and the compressor wheel mounted thereon to compress the air communicated through the compressor wheel, and bearing means mounting the shaft for rotation relative to the housing, the bearing means including a bearing outer ring, a bearing inner ring, and ball bearing elements supporting the bearing outer ring on the bearing inner ring, the ball bearing elements includes a first set of the elements and a second set of the elements spaced axially from the first set, the bearing outer ring being a rigid, uninterrupted member providing an uninterrupted structural link between the first and second sets to establish the axial spacing between the sets, a pair of axially spaced faying surfaces on the inner ring engaging corresponding faying surfaces on the shaft to support the inner ring on the shaft, the shaft defining a circumferentially extending surface between the faying surfaces on the inner ring cooperating with the shaft to define an air gap therebetween, one of the faying surfaces on the inner ring having a diameter greater than the diameter of the other of the faying surfaces on the inner ring.

Gutknecht, D.A.

1991-10-08T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "diamond thrust bearings" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


201

Bear Head LNG Corporation and Bear Head LNG (USA), LLC FE Docket No. 15-14-NG  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

On January 23, 2015, Bear Head LNG Corporation and Bear Head LNG (USA), LLC (together, “Bear Head LNG”), filed an application for long-term, multi-contract authorization to engage in imports from,...

202

Compressor ported shroud for foil bearing cooling  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A compressor ported shroud takes compressed air from the shroud of the compressor before it is completely compressed and delivers it to foil bearings. The compressed air has a lower pressure and temperature than compressed outlet air. The lower temperature of the air means that less air needs to be bled off from the compressor to cool the foil bearings. This increases the overall system efficiency due to the reduced mass flow requirements of the lower temperature air. By taking the air at a lower pressure, less work is lost compressing the bearing cooling air.

Elpern, David G. (Los Angeles, CA); McCabe, Niall (Torrance, CA); Gee, Mark (South Pasadena, CA)

2011-08-02T23:59:59.000Z

203

Notes 04. Static load performance of plain journal bearings  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The long and short bearing models. Pressure field and fluid film forces on short length journal bearings. Equilibrium condition, load capacity and the Sommerfeld number....

San Andres, Luis

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

204

Mechanical Behavior of Diamond-Sawn Multi-Crystalline Silicon Wafers and its Improvement  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Poor mechanical property is identified as a potential barrier to commercial development of diamond wire sawn multi-crystalline silicon wafers. 3-point bending tests of the diamond-sawn multi-crystalline silico...

Hongchen Meng; Lang Zhou

2014-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

205

E-Print Network 3.0 - amorphous diamond flat Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

on an interme- diate layer of diamond-like amorphous carbon 9-11,30,35,61, metal carbides 12,14,16,22,23, 25... ,13,72. Nucleation on an intermediate layer of diamond-like...

206

Bear Creek Wind Farm | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Bear Creek Wind Farm Bear Creek Wind Farm Facility Bear Creek Sector Wind energy Facility Type Commercial Scale Wind Facility Status In Service Owner Babcock & Brown owns majority Developer CEI Iberdrola Energy Purchaser PPL Corp. Location Near Bear Creek Village PA Coordinates 41.1801°, -75.7216° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":41.1801,"lon":-75.7216,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

207

Sun Bear Solar Ltd | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Sun Bear Solar Ltd Place: Hong Kong Sector: Solar Product: Hong Kong-based firm that manufactures solar product equipment, such as PV glass, coatings and mirrors. References: Sun...

208

Carbon nanotube bearings in theory and practice  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Carbon Nanotubes (CNTs) are attractive elements for bearings in Micro-Electro-Mechanical Systems (MEMS), because their structure comprises nested shells with no bonding and sub-nanometer spacing between them, enabling ...

Cook, Eugene Hightower

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

209

A carbon nanotube bearing and Stodola rotor  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A nano-scale rotor supported on a cantilevered multi-wall carbon nanotube (MWNT) shaft (Stodola configuration) is proposed. The nanotube is also expected to function as the bearing, since individual walls of a MWNT are not ...

Cook, Eugene Hightower

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

210

RUBBER BEARINGS FOR DOWN-HOLE PUMPS  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Synopsis of project activity: 1998--Awarded cost share grant from DOE. 1st Qtr 1999--Developed fail safe lubricating system. 2nd Qtr 1999--Performed first large scale test with nitrile based bearings. It failed due to material swelling. Failure was blamed on improper tolerance. 3rd Qtr 1999--Material tests were performed with autoclaves and exposure tests to Casa Diablo fluids. Testing of Viton materials began. Alternate bearing designs were developed to limit risk of improper tolerances. 4th Qtr 1999--Site testing indicated a chemical attack on the bearing material caused the test failure and not improper bearing tolerance. 1st Qtr 2000--The assistance of Brookhaven National Laboratory was obtained in evaluating the chemical attack. The National Laboratory also began more elaborate laboratory testing on bearing materials. 2nd Qtr 2000--Testing indicated Viton was an inappropriate material due to degradation in Casa Diablo fluid. Testing of EPDM began. 3rd Qtr 2001--EPDM bearings were installed for another large scale test. Bearings failed again due to swelling. Further testing indicated that larger then expected oil concentrations existed in lubricating water geothermal fluid causing bearing failure. 2002-2003--Searched for and tested several materials that would survive in hot salt and oil solutions. Kalrez{reg_sign}, Viton{reg_sign}ETP 500 and Viton{reg_sign}GF were identified as possible candidates. 2003-2005--Kalrez{reg_sign}has shown superior resistance to downhole conditions at Casa Diablo from among the various materials tested. Viton ETP-500 indicated a life expectancy of 13 years and because it is significantly less expensive then Kalrez{reg_sign}, it was selected as the bearing material for future testing. Unfortunately during the laboratory testing period Dupont Chemical chose to stop manufacturing this specific formulation and replaced it with Viton ETP 600S. The material is available with six different fillers; three based on zinc oxide and three based on silicon oxide. Samples of all six materials have been obtained and are being tested at the National Laboratory in Brookhaven, New York. This new material's properties as a bearing material and its ability to adhere to a bearings shell must be reviewed, but cost information deemed the material to be too expensive to be economical.

Bob Sullivan Mammoth Pacific, L.P.

2005-09-07T23:59:59.000Z

211

Elastohydrodynamic behavior of compliant slider bearings  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

ELASTOHYDRODYNAMIC BEHAVIOR OF COMPLIANT SLIDER BEARINGS A Thesis by RODNEY EMERSON HERRINGTON Submitted to the Graduate College of Texas A&M University in partial fulfillment of the requirement for the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE December... 1973 Major Subject: Mechanical Engineering ELASTOHYDRODYNAMIC BEHAVIOR OF COMPLIANT SLIDER BEARINGS A Thesis by RODNEY EMERSON HERRINGTON Approved as to style and content by: (Chairma of Committee) (Head of Department) (Member) (Member...

Herrington, Rodney Emerson

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

212

Synchronized B and 13 C Diamond Delta Structures for an Ultimate In-Depth Chemical Characterization  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of secondary ion mass spectrometry (SIMS) profiles in diamond was achieved by the determination of the depth resolution function (DRF). The measurement of this DRF was performed thanks to isotopic-enriched diamond. Applied to boron delta-doped diamond structures, this analysis has resolved edge widths close to 0.3 nm

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

213

Current Issues and Problems in the Chemical Vapor Deposition of Diamond  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...FOR DIAMOND COATINGS, JOURNAL...TO DIAMOND COATINGS, THIN SOLID...SAVVIDES, N, OPTICAL-CONSTANTS...DIAMOND CERAMIC COATING OF THE FUTURE...AND THEIR APPLICATION AS OVERCOATS ON THIN-FILM MEDIA FOR...EFFECT IN THE CVD GROWTH OF...

Walter A. Yarbrough; Russell Messier

1990-02-09T23:59:59.000Z

214

Atmospheric plasma deposition of diamond-like carbon coatings Angela M. Ladwig a,b,  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Atmospheric plasma deposition of diamond-like carbon coatings Angela M. Ladwig a,b, , Ronald D Available online xxxx Keywords: Atmospheric pressure plasma Diamond-like carbon deposition DLC PECVD The atmospheric pressure plasma-enhanced chemical vapor deposition of diamond-like carbon (DLC) has been

Hicks, Robert F.

215

Hydrogen Storage in Nano-Phase Diamond at High Temperature and Its Release  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The objectives of this proposed research were: 91) Separation and storage of hydrogen on nanophase diamonds. It is expected that the produced hydrogen, which will be in a mixture, can be directed to a nanophase diamond system directly, which will not only store the hydrogen, but also separate it from the gas mixture, and (2) release of the stored hydrogen from the nanophase diamond.

Tushar K Ghosh

2008-10-13T23:59:59.000Z

216

Characteristics of displacement transfer zones associated with thrust faults / by Arthur Francis Xavier O'Keefe  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

thrust fault in Upper Allan Mountain. Sketch from outcrop showing location of bedding planes with thin (less than 0. 5 cm) layer of' appsz'ent gouge material developed. 36 17 Idealized hypothetical strike section of two thzust fault s showing... stratigraphic column is not necessary and a working stratigraphy, less detailed. than that of Mudge (1972a) was used (Figure 3). No important lateral strati- graphic variations were seen in the thesis area. The lowest unit mapped is the Allan Mountain...

O'Keefe, Arthur Francis Xavier

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

217

BACKGROUND REVIEW OF THE BRUSH BERYLLIUM AND DIAMOND MAGNESIUM PLANTS  

Office of Legacy Management (LM)

BACKGROUND REVIEW OF THE BRUSH BERYLLIUM AND DIAMOND MAGNESIUM PLANTS BACKGROUND REVIEW OF THE BRUSH BERYLLIUM AND DIAMOND MAGNESIUM PLANTS IN LUCKEY, OHIO October 27, 1989 Prepared for: U.S. Department of Energy Formerly Utilized Sites Remedial Action Program Prepared by: R.F. Weston/Office of Technical Services BACKGROUND REVIEW OF THE BRUSH BERYLLIUM AND DIAMOND MAGNESIUM PLANTS IN LUCKEY, OHIO INTRODUCTION The Department of Energy (DOE) is conducting a program to identify and examine the radiological conditions at sites used in the early years of nuclear energy development by the U.S. Army Corps of Engineer's Manhattan Engineer District (MED) and the Atomic Energy Commission (AEC). This program, the Formerly Utilized Sites Remedial Action Program (FUSRAP), is administered by the Assistant Secretary for Nuclear Energy through the

218

Is Graphite a Diamonds Best Friend? New Information on Material  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

November 18th, 2003 November 18th, 2003 Is Graphite a Diamond's Best Friend? New Information on Material Transformation Science has yet to achieve the alchemist's dream of turning lead into gold. But a group of re-searchers using the GeoSoilEn-viroCARS (GSECARS) and High-Pressure Collaborative Access Team (HP-CAT) facilities at the Department of Energy's Advanced Photon Source (APS) at Argonne National Laboratory, may have found a way to turn ordinary soft graphite (source of the "lead" found in pencils) into a new, super-hard material that "looks" just like diamond. Using the high-brilliance x-ray beams from the APS, the group discovered that, under extreme pressure, graphite (among the softest of materials and the source of the lead found in pencils) becomes as hard as diamond, the

219

Photonic nano-structures on (111)-oriented diamond  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We demonstrate the fabrication of single-crystalline diamond nanopillars on a (111)-oriented chemical vapor deposited diamond substrate. This crystal orientation offers optimal coupling of nitrogen-vacancy (NV) center emission to the nanopillar mode and is thus advantageous over previous approaches. We characterize single native NV centers in these nanopillars and find one of the highest reported saturated fluorescence count rates in single crystalline diamond in excess of 10{sup 6} counts per second. We show that our nano-fabrication procedure conserves the preferential alignment as well as the spin coherence of the NVs in our structures. Our results will enable a new generation of highly sensitive probes for NV magnetometry and pave the way toward photonic crystals with optimal orientation of the NV center's emission dipole.

Neu, Elke; Appel, Patrick; Ganzhorn, Marc; Miguel-Sánchez, Javier; Maletinsky, Patrick, E-mail: patrick.maletinsky@unibas.ch [Department of Physics, University of Basel, Klingelbergstrasse 82, CH-4056 Basel (Switzerland); Lesik, Margarita; Jacques, Vincent [Laboratoire Aimé Cotton, CNRS, Université Paris-Sud and Ecole Normale Supérieure de Cachan, F-91405 Orsay (France); Mille, Vianney; Tallaire, Alexandre; Achard, Jocelyn [Université Paris 13, Sorbonne Paris Cité, Laboratoire des Sciences des Procédés et des Matériaux (CNRS UPR 3407), F-93430 Villetaneuse (France)

2014-04-14T23:59:59.000Z

220

Capacitively coupled RF diamond-like-carbon reactor  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A process of coating a non-conductive fiber with diamond-like carbon, including passing a non-conductive fiber between a pair of parallel metal grids within a reaction chamber, introducing a hydrocarbon gas into the reaction chamber, forming a plasma within the reaction chamber for a sufficient period of time whereby diamond-like carbon is formed upon the non-conductive fiber, is provided together with a reactor chamber for deposition of diamond-like carbon upon a non-conductive fiber, including a vacuum chamber, a cathode assembly including a pair of electrically isolated opposingly parallel metal grids spaced apart at a distance of less than about 1 centimeter, an anode, a means of introducing a hydrocarbon gas into said vacuum chamber, and a means of generating a plasma within said vacuum chamber.

Devlin, David James (Los Alamos, NM); Coates, Don Mayo (Santa Fe, NM); Archuleta, Thomas Arthur (Espanola, NM); Barbero, Robert Steven (Santa Cruz, NM)

2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "diamond thrust bearings" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


221

Diamond-Silicon Carbide Composite And Method For Preparation Thereof  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

Fully dense, diamond-silicon carbide composites are prepared from ball-milled microcrystalline diamond/amorphous silicon powder mixture. The ball-milled powder is sintered (P=5-8 GPa, T=1400K-2300K) to form composites having high fracture toughness. A composite made at 5 GPa/1673K had a measured fracture toughness of 12 MPa.multidot.m.sup.1/2. By contrast, liquid infiltration of silicon into diamond powder at 5 GPa/1673K produces a composite with higher hardness but lower fracture toughness. X-ray diffraction patterns and Raman spectra indicate that amorphous silicon is partially transformed into nanocrystalline silicon at 5 GPa/873K, and nanocrystalline silicon carbide forms at higher temperatures.

Qian, Jiang (Los Alamos, NM); Zhao, Yusheng (Los Alamos, NM)

2005-09-06T23:59:59.000Z

222

Smooth diamond films as low friction, long wear surfaces  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

An article and method of manufacture of a nanocrystalline diamond film. The nanocrystalline film is prepared by forming a carbonaceous vapor, providing an inert gas containing gas stream and combining the gas stream with the carbonaceous containing vapor. A plasma of the combined vapor and gas stream is formed in a chamber and fragmented carbon species are deposited onto a substrate to form the nanocrystalline diamond film having a root mean square flatness of about 50 nm deviation from flatness in the as deposited state.

Gruen, Dieter M. (Downers Grove, IL); Krauss, Alan R. (Naperville, IL); Erdemir, Ali (Naperville, IL); Bindal, Cuma (Woodridge, IL); Zuiker, Christopher D. (LaGrange, IL)

1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

223

Diamond turning of Si and Ge single crystals  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Single-point diamond turning studies have been completed on Si and Ge crystals. A new process model was developed for diamond turning which is based on a critical depth of cut for plastic flow-to-brittle fracture transitions. This concept, when combined with the actual machining geometry for single-point turning, predicts that {open_quotes}ductile{close_quotes} machining is a combined action of plasticity and fracture. Interrupted cutting experiments also provide a meant to directly measure the critical depth parameter for given machining conditions.

Blake, P.; Scattergood, R.O.

1988-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

224

Polycrystal diamond growth in a microwave plasma torch  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Diamond films of different structures were deposited on quartz, WC-Co, and molybdenum substrates in a microwave plasma torch discharge in an argon-hydrogen-methane gas mixture in a sealed chamber at pressures close to atmospheric by using the chemical vapor deposition technique. Images of diamond polycrystal films and separate crystals, as well as results of Raman spectroscopy, are presented. The spectra of optical plasma radiation recorded during film deposition demonstrate the presence of intense H{sub {alpha}} hydrogen and C{sub 2} radical bands known as Swan bands.

Sergeichev, K. F.; Lukina, N. A.; Bolshakov, A. P.; Ralchenko, V. G.; Arutyunyan, N. R.; Vlasov, I. I. [Russian Academy of Sciences, Prokhorov Institute of General Physics (Russian Federation)

2010-12-15T23:59:59.000Z

225

Mass movement-induced fold-and-thrust belt structures in unconsolidated sediments in Lake Lucerne (Switzerland)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Mass movement-induced fold-and-thrust belt structures in unconsolidated sediments in Lake Lucerne-lying, unconsolidated sediment at the foot of subaqueous slopes. These deformation structures appear beneath wedges

Gilli, Adrian

226

Laser-processed three dimensional graphitic electrodes for diamond radiation detectors  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We have used an original approach for diamond detectors where three dimensional buried graphitic electrodes are processed in the bulk of a diamond substrate via laser-induced graphitization. Prototype made of polycrystalline chemical vapor deposition diamond was fabricated using a nanosecond UV laser. Its charge collection efficiency was evaluated using ?-particles emitted by a 241-Americium source. An improved charge collection efficiency was measured proving that laser micro-machining of diamond is a valid option for the future fabrication of three dimensional diamond detectors.

Caylar, Beno?-carett; Pomorski, Michal; Bergonzo, Philippe [CEA-LIST, Diamond Sensors Laboratory, Gif-sur-Yvette F-91191 (France)] [CEA-LIST, Diamond Sensors Laboratory, Gif-sur-Yvette F-91191 (France)

2013-07-22T23:59:59.000Z

227

Controlled incorporation of mid-to-high Z transition metals in CVD diamond  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We report on a general method to fabricate transition metal related defects in diamond. Controlled incorporation of Mo and W in synthetic CVD diamond was achieved by adding volatile metal precursors to the diamond chemical vapor deposition (CVD) growth process. Effects of deposition temperature, grain structure and precursor exposure on the doping level were systematically studied, and doping levels of up to 0.25 at.% have been achieved. The metal atoms are uniformly distributed throughout the diamond grains without any indication of inclusion formation. These results are discussed in context of the kinetically controlled growth process of CVD diamond.

Biener, M M; Biener, J; Kucheyev, S O; Wang, Y M; El-Dasher, B; Teslich, N E; Hamza, A V; Obloh, H; Mueller-Sebert, W; Wolfer, M; Fuchs, T; Grimm, M; Kriele, A; Wild, C

2010-01-08T23:59:59.000Z

228

One and two-dimensional finite difference models of pore pressure evolution within and below a moving thrust sheet  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

-dimensionalized numerical and analytical solutions of the one-dimensional model using identical parameters to solve Equation 3 when KH is homogeneous. . . . . . . . . . . , , , . . . . . . . . . . . , . . . . . . . . . . . , . , 36 12 Total pore pressure at the end... deposition) for the one-dimensional model. . 40 14 Total pore pressure at the end of Stage 3 (thrust loading) for the one- dimensional model. . 42 15 Decay of X with time beginning at the end of Stage 3 (thrust loading) for the one-dimensional model...

Smith, Richard Edwin

1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

229

White-etching matter in bearing steel Part 2: Distinguishing cause and eect in bearing steel  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

White-etching matter in bearing steel Part 2: Distinguishing cause and eect in bearing steel through a mechanism called "white-structure flaking", has triggered many studies of microstructural damage associated with "white-etching ar- eas" created during rolling contact fatigue, although whether

Cambridge, University of

230

A Photo-Stimulated Low Electron Temperature High Current Diamond Film Field  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

A Photo-Stimulated Low Electron Temperature High Current Diamond A Photo-Stimulated Low Electron Temperature High Current Diamond Film Field Emission Cathode A Photo-Stimulated Low Electron Temperature High Current Diamond Film Field Emission Cathode Nanostructure diamond cathodes can operate at relatively moderate vacuum pressures due to the inert surface/vacuum interface. September 27, 2013 A Photo-Stimulated Low Electron Temperature High Current Diamond Film Field Emission Cathode Researchers at LANL have developed a novel, ultra-high-quality, robust electron source, which uses nanostructured polycrystalline diamond in a matrix with single-walled carbon nanotubes (SWCNs). Available for thumbnail of Feynman Center (505) 665-9090 Email A Photo-Stimulated Low Electron Temperature High Current Diamond Film Field Emission Cathode

231

The chemistry of halogens on diamond: effects on growth and electron emission  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Diamond growth using halogenated precursors was studied in several diamond growth reactors. In a conventionao plasma reactor, diamond growth using the following gas mixtures was studied: CF{sub 4}/H{sub 2}, CH{sub 4}/H{sub 2}, CH{sub 3}F/H{sub 2}, and CH{sub 3}CL/H{sub 2}. Both the diamond growth measurements demonstrated ineffective transport of halogen radicals to the diamond surface during the growth process. In order to transport radical halogen species to the diamond surface during growth, a flow-tube reactor was constructed which minimized gas phase reactions. Also, the flow-tube reactor enabled pulsed gs transport to the diamond surface by fast-acting valves. Molecular beam mass spectroscopy was used to find condition which resulted in atomic hydrogen and/or atomic fluorine transport to the growing diamond surface. Although such conditions were found, they required very low pressures (0.5 Torr and below); these low pressures produce radical fluxes which are too low to sustain a reasonable diamond growth rate. The sequential reactor at Stanford was modified to add a halogen-growth step to the conventinoal atomic hydrogen/atomic carbon diamond growth cycle. Since the atomic fluorine, hydrogen and carbon environments are independent in the sequential reactor, the effect of fluorine on diamond growth could be studied independently of gas phase reactions. Although the diamond growth rate was increased by the use of fluorine, the film quality was seen to deteriorate as well as the substrate surface. Moreover, materials incompatibilities with fluorine significantly limited the use of fluorine in this reactor. A diamond growth model incorporating both gas phase and surface reactions was developed for the halocarbon system concurrent with the film growth efforts. In this report, we review the results of the growth experiments, the modeling, and additional experiments done to understand fluorine with diamond surfaces.

Hsu, W.L.; Pan, L.S.; Brown, L.A. [Sandia National Labs., Livermore, CA (United States)] [and others

1997-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

232

Bear Canyon Geothermal Facility | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Canyon Geothermal Facility Canyon Geothermal Facility Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Bear Canyon Geothermal Facility General Information Name Bear Canyon Geothermal Facility Facility Bear Canyon Sector Geothermal energy Location Information Location Clear Lake, California, Coordinates 38.762851116528°, -122.69217967987° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":38.762851116528,"lon":-122.69217967987,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

233

LEFT The electron gun at the Diamond Synchrotron in  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

LEFT The electron gun at the Diamond Synchrotron in Didcot, Oxfordshire WWW.HOWITWORKSDAILY.COM026" Electron guns are a very versatile electrical component. They are essential to a number of devices, from 3D currents. When installed in an electrical device's vacuum tube, the gun turns electrons and ions

Crowther, Paul

234

Single Crystal Diamond Beam Position Monitors with Radiofrequency Electronic Readout  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Over the energy range 5{approx}30 keV a suitably contacted, thin ({approx}100 {mu}m) diamond plate can be operated in situ as a continuous monitor of X-ray beam intensity and position as the diamond absorbs only a small percentage of the incident beam. Single crystal diamond is a completely homogeneous material showing fast (ns), spatially uniform signal response and negligible (diamond beam position monitors of simple quadrant electrode designs with metal contacts, operated using wideband electronic readout corresponding to the RF accelerator frequency. The instrumentation for these monitors must cover a large range of operating conditions: different beam sizes, fluxes, energies and time structure corresponding to the synchrotron fill patterns. Sophisticated new RF sampling electronics can satisfy most requirements: using a modified Libera Brilliance readout system, we measured the center of gravity position of a 25 {mu}m beam at the DORIS III F4 beam line at a rate of 130 Msample/s with narrowband filtering of a few MHz bandwidth. Digitally averaging the signal further provided a spatial resolution {approx}20 nm.

Solar, B.; Graafsma, H.; Potdevin, G.; Trunk, U. [Hasylab, Deutsches Elektronen Synchroton, Hamburg (Germany); Morse, J.; Salome, M. [Instrumentation Services and Development Division, European Synchroton Radiation Facility, Grenoble (France)

2010-06-23T23:59:59.000Z

235

Diamond Lattice Model of Semicrystalline Polyethylene in the Amorphous Region  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Diamond Lattice Model of Semicrystalline Polyethylene in the Amorphous Region Zhong­Hui Duan Abstract The statistics of polyethylene chains in the amorphous region between two crystallites have been as models of the chain molecules in the amorphous region of semicrystalline polyethylene, both

Aluffi, Paolo

236

An UV-range photodetector based on a diamond photosensor  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A new UV-range photodetector based on a diamond one-element photosensor has been designed, manufactured and studied. The photodetector possesses the operating range between 180 and 225 nm (the maximum is attained around 220 nm), and the threshold of ...

V. S. Feshchenko; A. A. Altukhov; S. A. L'Vov; Yu. A. Mityagin; V. A. Shepelev

2013-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

237

New route to the fabrication of nanocrystalline diamond films  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Nanocrystalline diamond (NCD) thin films offer applications in various fields, but the existing synthetic approaches are cumbersome and destructive. A major breakthrough has been achieved by our group in the direction of a non-destructive, scalable, and economic process of NCD thin-film fabrication. Here, we report a cheap precursor for the growth of nanocrystalline diamond in the form of paraffin wax. We show that NCD thin films can be fabricated on a copper support by using simple, commonplace paraffin wax under reaction conditions of Hot Filament Chemical Vapor Deposition (HFCVD). Surprisingly, even the presence of any catalyst or seeding that has been conventionally used in the state-of-the-art is not required. The structure of the obtained films was analyzed by scanning electron microscopy and transmission electron microscopy. Raman spectroscopy and electron energy-loss spectroscopy recorded at the carbon K-edge region confirm the presence of nanocrystalline diamond. The process is a significant step towards cost-effective and non-cumbersome fabrication of nanocrystalline diamond thin films for commercial production.

Varshney, Deepak, E-mail: deepvar20@gmail.com; Morell, Gerardo [Institute of Functional Nanomaterials, University of Puerto Rico, San Juan, Puerto Rico 00931, Puerto Rico (United States); Department of Physics, University of Puerto Rico, San Juan, PO Box 70377, Puerto Rico 00936, Puerto Rico (United States); Palomino, Javier; Resto, Oscar [Department of Physics, University of Puerto Rico, San Juan, PO Box 70377, Puerto Rico 00936, Puerto Rico (United States); Gil, Jennifer [Department of Chemistry, University of Puerto Rico, San Juan, Puerto Rico 00936, Puerto Rico (United States); Weiner, Brad R. [Institute of Functional Nanomaterials, University of Puerto Rico, San Juan, Puerto Rico 00931, Puerto Rico (United States); Department of Chemistry, University of Puerto Rico, San Juan, Puerto Rico 00936, Puerto Rico (United States)

2014-02-07T23:59:59.000Z

238

Synthesis and characterization of a nanocrystalline diamond aerogel  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...this nanocrystalline diamond aerogel. Aerogels are a fascinating class of high surface-area...been made in the case of polycrystalline aerogels through the oxidative aggregation of...radiation detector with high density aerogels . IEEE T Nucl Sci 56 : 1475 – 1478 . 7 Schaefer...

Peter J. Pauzauskie; Jonathan C. Crowhurst; Marcus A. Worsley; Ted A. Laurence; A. L. David Kilcoyne; Yinmin Wang; Trevor M. Willey; Kenneth S. Visbeck; Sirine C. Fakra; William J. Evans; Joseph M. Zaug; Joe H. Satcher; Jr.

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

239

Wear Analysis of Wind Turbine Gearbox Bearings  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The objective of this effort was to investigate and characterize the nature of surface damage and wear to wind turbine gearbox bearings returned from service in the field. Bearings were supplied for examination by S. Butterfield and J. Johnson of the National Wind Technology Center (NREL), Boulder, Colorado. Studies consisted of visual examination, optical and electron microscopy, dimensional measurements of wear-induced macro-scale and micro-scale features, measurements of macro- and micro-scale hardness, 3D imaging of surface damage, studies of elemental distributions on fracture surfaces, and examinations of polished cross-sections of surfaces under various etched and non-etched conditions.

Blau, Peter Julian [ORNL; Walker, Larry R [ORNL; Xu, Hanbing [ORNL; Parten, Randy J [ORNL; Qu, Jun [ORNL; Geer, Tom [ORNL

2010-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

240

Structural style and tectonic evolution of the marathon thrust belt, west Texas  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A balanced cross section indicates that the basal Dugout Creek thrust is strongly folded and that the Marathon facies rocks overlie a folded and thrusted sequence of late Paleozoic strata. Shortening in the allochthonous sequence is >80%. Extreme shortening across anticlinoria requires upper level detachments. These appear to have been duplex zones connected to the basal fault by steep imbricates. Progressive deformation folded the imbricates and the roof thrusts of these zones. Individual units have distinct deformational styles. Folds in the Caballos Fm. are tight, high-amplitude concentric folds with wave-lengths of 0.5 to 1.7 km. Pre-Caballos units are characterized by smaller wavelength box and chevron folds and imbricate faults. The overlying Tesnus Fm. is exposed in broad synclines. High strain within the cores of the synclines was accommodated by development of cleavage and axial-parallel pencil lineation. The pre-Mississippian part of the Marathon sequence represents slope deposits developed along a divergent continental margin. The Mississippian was marked by flysch sedimentation (Tesnus Fm.) which heralded the beginning of collision of Gondwanaland. Much of this sediment was derived from Devonian and older strata of Gondwanaland. The Tesnus Fm. was deposited on the slope sequence and is entirely allochthonous. By Atokan-Virgilian times, the slope/Tesnus sequence overrode the miogeoclinal sequence of North America. Permian foreland and taphrogenic basins formed within shelf areas north of the Marathon region during continued compression. Deformation progressed from SE to NW during a period of about 70 million years.

Hickman, R.G.; Varga, R.J.; Altany, R.M.; Witmer, R.J.

1985-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "diamond thrust bearings" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


241

Fission Thrust sail as booster for high {\\Delta}v fusion based propulsion  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The fission thrust sail as booster for nuclear fusion-based rocket propulsion for future starships is studied. Some required aspects of these systems such as neutron moderation and sail regeneration are discussed. First order calculations are used together with Monte Carlo simulations to assess system performance. When the fusion rocket has relatively low efficiency (~30%) in converting fusion fuel to a directed exhaust, adding a fission sail is shown to be beneficial for obtainable delta-v. Also, this type of fission-fusion hybrid interstellar propulsion has the potential to improve acceleration. Other advantages are discussed as well.

Ceyssens, Frederik; Driesen, Maarten

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

242

Structure and evolution of the active fold and thrust belt of southwestern Taiwan using GPS geodesy  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

the westernmost exposed thrusts in this area (Figs. 3 and 4). The Chukou fault terminates to the north at the Chuchi uunsverse fault, and to the south is inferred to merge, and transfer displacement with, the Lunhou fault (Lin, 1996) just east of the Nanliao... surveys were then conducted in early 1996 and 1997 across the island using both these new monuments and pre-existing ones. These surveys were conducted with survey-grade GPS receivers on 4 to 12 sites simultaneously, with an average site occupation time...

Hickman, John Bibb

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

243

Fuel-optimal Earth-Mars trajectories using low-thrust exhaust-modulated plasma propulsion  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

relerence frames Lx', y', r'I are different for the Earth and Mars references. The substitutions for the second-order derivatives required in the 27 differential equations are given by 2 VIM ISI CCS M + RM RM RM (2. 64) V V sin AM + RM cosltlM ( RM.... Characteristics of the Plasma Propulsion. . Equations of Motion. III NECESSARY CONDITIONS OF OPTIMALITY?. . . 14 15 16 30 Optimal Control Theory. Necessary Conditions of a Fuel-Optimal Earth-Mars Trajectory with Low-Thrust Plasma Propulsion...

Nah, Ren Sang

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

244

Aerodynamic Thrust Modelling in Wave Tank Tests of Offshore Floating Wind Turbines Using a Ducted Fan  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Wave tank testing of scaled models is standard practice during the development of floating wind turbine platforms for the validation of the dynamics of conceptual designs. Reliable recreation of the dynamics of a full scale floating wind turbine by a scaled model in a basin requires the precise scaling of the masses and inertias and also the relevant forces and its frequencies acting on the system. The scaling of floating wind turbines based on the Froude number is customary for basin experiments. This method preserves the hydrodynamic similitude, but the resulting Reynolds number is much lower than in full scale. The aerodynamic loads on the rotor are therefore out of scale. Several approaches have been taken to deal with this issue, like using a tuned drag disk or redesigning the scaled rotor. This paper describes the implementation of an alternative method based on the use of a ducted fan located at the model tower top in the place of the rotor. The fan can introduce a variable force that represents the total wind thrust by the rotor. A system controls this force by varying the rpm, and a computer simulation of the full scale rotor provides the desired thrust to be introduced by the fan. This simulation considers the wind turbine control, gusts, turbulent wind, etc. The simulation is performed in synchronicity with the test and it is fed in real time by the displacements and velocities of the platform captured by the acquisition system. Thus, the simulation considers the displacements of the rotor within the wind field and the calculated thrust models the effect of the aerodynamic damping. The system is not able currently to match the effect of gyroscopic momentum. The method has been applied during a test campaign of a semisubmersible platform with full catenary mooring lines for a 6MW wind turbine in scale 1/40 at Ecole Centrale de Nantes. Several tests including pitch free decay under constant wind and combined wave and wind cases have been performed. Data from the experiments are compared with aero-servo-hydro-elastic computations with good agreement showing the validity of the method for the representation of the scaled aerodynamics. The new method for the aerodynamic thrust scaling in basin tests is very promising considering its performance, versatility and lower cost in comparison with other methods.

José Azcona; Faisal Bouchotrouch; Marta González; Joseba Garciandía; Xabier Munduate; Felix Kelberlau; Tor A Nygaard

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

245

Sleeping Bear Wind Farm | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Sleeping Bear Wind Farm Sleeping Bear Wind Farm Jump to: navigation, search Name Sleeping Bear Wind Farm Facility Sleeping Bear Wind Farm Sector Wind energy Facility Type Commercial Scale Wind Facility Status In Service Owner Edison Mission Group Developer Chermac Energy Corp./Edison Mission Group Energy Purchaser AEP - Public Service of Oklahoma Location Harper County OK Coordinates 36.63°, -99.5° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":36.63,"lon":-99.5,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

246

The Grizzly and the Big Brown Bears  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Grizzly and the Big Brown Bears Grizzly and the Big Brown Bears Nature Bulletin No. 655-A November 12, 1977 Forest Preserve District of Cook County George W. Dunne, President Roland F. Eisenbeis, Supt. of Conservation THE GRIZZLY AND THE BIG BROWN BEARS In the early days, more tall tales were told about "Old Ephraim, " the grizzly bear, than any other animal. It had the reputation of being a bloodthirsty enemy of man and was given the scientific name Ursus horribilis by a taxonomist who had never seen a live one but had heard and read some of those yarns about its terrible ferocity and prodigious strength. The Grizzly is very intelligent and shrewd but, actually, has a rather phlegmatic disposition. It avoids people and will not attack unless provoked. Then, a female with cubs is unpredictable, and big game hunters say that a wounded grizzly is the most dangerous animal on earth. But ordinarily, as Earnest Thompson Seton observed, Ephraim is a peaceful giant who is perfectly satisfied to let you alone if you leave him alone.

247

Cu-Bearing Tourmaline from Paraiba, Brazil  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In Cu-bearing tourmaline, the octahedrally coordinated Z site is completely occupied by Al, the octahedrally coordinated Y site is occupied primarily by Li and Al, and the nine-coordinate X site is approximately half-occupied by Na.

MacDonald, D.J.

1995-04-15T23:59:59.000Z

248

Experimental verification of bifurcation in fluid bearings  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The thesis presents the results of the experiments that were conducted on short and long fluid film bearings with a simple single disk rotor. The behavior of the journal was analyzed as function of the rotor system parameters such as the load, speed...

Deepak, James Christopher

1997-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

249

High Temperature, Permanent Magnet Biased Magnetic Bearings  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

performance, high speed and high temperature applications like space vehicles, jet engines and deep sea equipment. The bearing system had a target design to carry a load equal to 500 lb-f (2225N). Another objective was to design and build a test rig fixture...

Gandhi, Varun R.

2010-07-14T23:59:59.000Z

250

Turbine bearings and rotor dynamics workshop: proceedings  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

An EPRI workshop to address turbine bearing reliability improvement and rotor dynamics was co-hosted by Detroit Edison in Dearborn, Michigan on September 8-10, 1982. The 136 attendees represented a broad spectrum of US utilities, equipment manufacturers, and consultants, as well as representatives from England, Japan, and Switzerland. These proceedings contain the text of the formal presentations as well as summaries of the working group sessions which were devoted to topics of particular interest to the workshop participants. Formal presentations were organized under the following general session titles: utility experience and advancements in turbine bearing and lubrication systems; recent advancements in turbine bearing and lubrication systems; utility experience and advancements in turbine-generator rotor dynamics; and recent advancements in turbine-generator rotor dynamics. In addition to the technical presentations, working group sessions were held on selected topics relevant to turbine bearing reliability improvement and rotor dynamics. These groups provided a forum for engineers to exchange ideas and information in a less formal environment. The discussions provided attendees with an opportunity to discuss key issues in more detail and address subjects not covered in the formal presentations. The subjects of these working groups were: rotor dynamic analysis and problem solving; vibration signature analysis and field balancing; oil contamination monitoring and control; and operation and maintenance practices. Individual papers have been entered individually into EDB and ERA.

Brown, R.G.; Quilliam, J.F. (eds.)

1985-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

251

Significance of chloritoid-bearing and staurolite-bearing rocks in the Picuris Range, New Mexico  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...in the Picuris Mountains if endugh sillimanite- bearing rocks were examined. ACKNOWLEDGMENTS I thank Harold Dailey and John Futch for assistance in the field and in p trographie work. Elaine Padovani, James Toni, and James Carter were helpful with microprobe...

252

Building Technologies Office: HVAC Radial Air Bearing Heat Exchanger  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Radial Air Bearing Radial Air Bearing Heat Exchanger Research Project to someone by E-mail Share Building Technologies Office: HVAC Radial Air Bearing Heat Exchanger Research Project on Facebook Tweet about Building Technologies Office: HVAC Radial Air Bearing Heat Exchanger Research Project on Twitter Bookmark Building Technologies Office: HVAC Radial Air Bearing Heat Exchanger Research Project on Google Bookmark Building Technologies Office: HVAC Radial Air Bearing Heat Exchanger Research Project on Delicious Rank Building Technologies Office: HVAC Radial Air Bearing Heat Exchanger Research Project on Digg Find More places to share Building Technologies Office: HVAC Radial Air Bearing Heat Exchanger Research Project on AddThis.com... About Take Action to Save Energy Partner with DOE

253

A bulk-flow model of angled injection Lomakin bearings  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A bulk-flow model for determination of the leakage and dynamic force characteristics of angled injection Lomakin bearings is presented. Zeroth- and first-order equations describe the equilibrium flow for a centered bearing and the perturbed flow...

Soulas, Thomas Antoine Theo

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

254

Low substrate temperature deposition of diamond coatings derived from glassy carbon  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A process is disclosed for depositing a diamond coating on a substrate at temperatures less than about 550 C. A powder mixture of glassy carbon and diamond particles is passed through a high velocity oxy-flame apparatus whereupon the powders are heated prior to impingement at high velocity against the substrate. The powder mixture contains between 5 and 50 powder volume percent of the diamond particles, and preferably between 5 and 15 powder volume percent. The particles have a size from about 5 to about 100 micrometers, with the diamond particles being about 5 to about 30 micrometers. The flame of the apparatus provides a velocity of about 350 to about 1000 meters per second, with the result that upon impingement upon the substrate, the glassy carbon is phase transformed to diamond as coaxed by the diamond content of the powder mixture. 2 figs.

Holcombe, C.E. Jr.; Seals, R.D.

1995-09-26T23:59:59.000Z

255

Recommendation 195: Mitigation of Contamination in Bear Creek Burial Grounds  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

The ORSSAB requests DOE provide possible remedial actions to mitigate releases of contamination from Bear Creek Burial Grounds.

256

UCR Recreation Department Big Bear Lake House Policies  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

UCR Recreation Department Big Bear Lake House Policies The UCR Recreation Department strives of service animals. 15. The UCR Recreation Department Big Bear Lake House is a non-smoking facility. 16 Agreement with them while staying at the facility. 18. The UCR Recreation Department big Bear Lake House

Mills, Allen P.

257

Black Diamond, Washington: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Diamond, Washington: Energy Resources Diamond, Washington: Energy Resources Jump to: navigation, search Equivalent URI DBpedia Coordinates 47.3087121°, -122.0031691° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":47.3087121,"lon":-122.0031691,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

258

Strategies for improving traffic operations at oversaturated signalized diamond interchanges  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

street improvement goals should include improved traffic flow along with reductions in congestion, air pollution, and energy use, without major new construction. Super-street arterials, which are multi-lane arterials with limited access and a limited...STRATEGIES FOR IMPROVING TRAFFIC OPERATIONS AT OVERSATURATED SIGNALIZED DIAMOND INTERCHANGES A Thesis by GEORGE CURTIS HERRICK Submitted to the Office of Graduate Studies of Texas A&M University in partial fulfillment of the requirements...

Herrick, George Curtis

1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

259

Perfect preferential orientation of nitrogen-vacancy defects in a synthetic diamond sample  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We show that the orientation of nitrogen-vacancy (NV) defects in diamond can be efficiently controlled through chemical vapor deposition growth on a (111)-oriented diamond substrate. More precisely, we demonstrate that spontaneously generated NV defects are oriented with a ?97% probability along the [111] axis, corresponding to the most appealing orientation among the four possible crystallographic axes. Such a nearly perfect preferential orientation is explained by analyzing the diamond growth mechanism on a (111)-oriented substrate and could be extended to other types of defects. This work is a significant step towards the design of optimized diamond samples for quantum information and sensing applications.

Lesik, M.; Roch, J.-F. [Laboratoire Aimé Cotton, CNRS, Université Paris-Sud and Ecole Normale Supérieure de Cachan, 91405 Orsay (France); Tetienne, J.-P.; Jacques, V., E-mail: vjacques@ens-cachan.fr [Laboratoire Aimé Cotton, CNRS, Université Paris-Sud and Ecole Normale Supérieure de Cachan, 91405 Orsay (France); Laboratoire de Photonique Quantique et Moléculaire, Ecole Normale Supérieure de Cachan and CNRS UMR 8537, 94235 Cachan (France); Tallaire, A., E-mail: alexandre.tallaire@lspm.cnrs.fr; Achard, J.; Mille, V.; Gicquel, A. [Laboratoire des Sciences des Procédés et des Matériaux, CNRS and Université Paris 13, 93340 Villetaneuse (France)

2014-03-17T23:59:59.000Z

260

New Superhard Form of Carbon Dents Diamond | U.S. DOE Office...  

Office of Science (SC) Website

exists in many different structures, each having different properties (e.g. graphite, graphene, and diamond). This research demonstrated yet another structure that is superhard,...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "diamond thrust bearings" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


261

Corrosive Resistant Diamond Coatings for the Acid Based Thermo-Chemical Hydrogen Cycles  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This project was designed to test diamond, diamond-like and related materials in environments that are expected in thermochemical cycles. Our goals were to build a High Temperature Corrosion Resistance (HTCR) test stand and begin testing the corrosive properties of barious materials in a high temperature acidic environment in the first year. Overall, we planned to test 54 samples each of diamond and diamond-like films (of 1 cm x 1 cm area). In addition we use a corrosion acceleration method by treating the samples at a temperature much larger than the expected operating temperature. Half of the samples will be treated with boron using the FEDOA process.

Mark A. Prelas

2009-06-25T23:59:59.000Z

262

E-Print Network 3.0 - adherent diamond-like carbon Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Science and Metallurgy, Composites and Coatings Group Collection: Materials Science 31 Atmospheric plasma deposition of diamond-like carbon coatings Angela M. Ladwig a,b,...

263

Hydrogen Storage in Diamond Powder Utilizing Plasma NaF Surface Treatment for Fuel Cell Applications  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Hydrogen Fuel Cells offer the vital solution to the world's socio-political dependence on oil. Due to existing difficulty in safe and efficient hydrogen storage for fuel cells, storing the hydrogen in hydrocarbon compounds such as artificial diamond is a realistic solution. By treating the surface of the diamond powder with a Sodium Fluoride plasma exposure, the surface of the diamond is cleaned of unwanted molecules. Due to fluorine's electro negativity, the diamond powder is activated and ready for hydrogen absorption. These diamond powder pellets are then placed on a graphite platform that is heated by conduction in a high voltage circuit made of tungsten wire. Then, the injection of hydrogen gas into chamber allows the storage of the Hydrogen on the surface of the diamond powder. By neutron bombardment in the nuclear reactor, or Prompt Gamma Neutron Activation Analysis, the samples are examined for parts per million amounts of hydrogen in the sample. Sodium Fluoride surface treatment allows for higher mass percentage of stored hydrogen in a reliable, resistant structure, such as diamond for fuel cells and permanently alters the diamonds terminal bonds for re-use in the effective storage of hydrogen. The highest stored amount utilizing the NaF plasma surface treatment was 22229 parts per million of hydrogen in the diamond powder which amounts to 2.2229% mass increase.

Leal, David A.; Leal-Quiros, E. [Mechanical Engineering, Polytechnic University of Puerto Rico (Puerto Rico); Velez, Angel; Prelas, Mark A.; Gosh, Tushar [University of Missouri-Columbia, Nuclear Science and Engineering Institute (United States)

2006-12-04T23:59:59.000Z

264

Hydrogen Storage in Diamond Powder Utilizing Plasma NaF Surface Treatment for Fuel Cell Applications  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Hydrogen Fuel Cells offer the vital solution to the world’s socio?political dependence on oil. Due to existing difficulty in safe and efficient hydrogen storage for fuel cells storing the hydrogen in hydrocarbon compounds such as artificial diamond is a realistic solution. By treating the surface of the diamond powder with a Sodium Fluoride plasma exposure the surface of the diamond is cleaned of unwanted molecules. Due to fluorine’s electro negativity the diamond powder is activated and ready for hydrogen absorption. These diamond powder pellets are then placed on a graphite platform that is heated by conduction in a high voltage circuit made of tungsten wire. Then the injection of hydrogen gas into chamber allows the storage of the Hydrogen on the surface of the diamond powder. By neutron bombardment in the nuclear reactor or Prompt Gamma Neutron Activation Analysis the samples are examined for parts per million amounts of hydrogen in the sample. Sodium Fluoride surface treatment allows for higher mass percentage of stored hydrogen in a reliable resistant structure such as diamond for fuel cells and permanently alters the diamonds terminal bonds for re?use in the effective storage of hydrogen. The highest stored amount utilizing the NaF plasma surface treatment was 22229 parts per million of hydrogen in the diamond powder which amounts to 2.2229% mass increase.

David A. Leal; Angel Velez; Mark A. Prelas; Tushar Gosh; E. Leal?Quiros

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

265

Characterization of hydrocarbons found in the arctic aquatic environment near the Ekati diamond mine.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) in the aquatic environment of the Ekati Diamond Mine were evaluated in snow, sediment, air and water (via passive membrane samplers).… (more)

Nabess, Stephanie Ann

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

266

Bear, Delaware: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Bear, Delaware: Energy Resources Bear, Delaware: Energy Resources Jump to: navigation, search Equivalent URI DBpedia Coordinates 39.6292788°, -75.6582628° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":39.6292788,"lon":-75.6582628,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

267

Buffalo Bear Wind Farm | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Wind Farm Wind Farm Jump to: navigation, search Name Buffalo Bear Wind Farm Facility Buffalo Bear Sector Wind energy Facility Type Commercial Scale Wind Facility Status In Service Owner Edison Mission Group Developer Edison Mission Group Energy Purchaser Western Farmers Electric Coop Location OK Coordinates 36.573681°, -99.573275° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":36.573681,"lon":-99.573275,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

268

Prediction and measurement of the rotordynamic response of an automotive turbocharger with floating ring bearings  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of lubricant heating and bearing clearance changes due to bearing power consumption. The floating ring bearing analysis provides both floating ring speeds and bearing force coefficients for use in a linear rotordynamic model. The linear rotordynamic...

Kerth, Jason Michael

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

269

Origin of sub-lithospheric diamonds from the Juina-5 kimberlite (Brazil): constraints from carbon isotopes and inclusion compositions  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Forty-one diamonds sourced from the Juina-5 kimberlite pipe in Southern Brazil, which contain optically identifiable inclusions, have been studied using an integrated approach. The diamonds contain <20 ppm ni...

A. R. Thomson; S. C. Kohn; G. P. Bulanova…

2014-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

270

Active thrust faulting offshore Boumerdes, Algeria, and its relations to the 2003 Mw 6.9 earthquake  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Active thrust faulting offshore Boumerdes, Algeria, and its relations to the 2003 Mw 6.9 earthquake offshore Boumerdes, Algeria, and its relations to the 2003 Mw 6.9 earthquake, Geophys. Res. Lett., 32, L that strain is distributed over a broad area, from the Atlas front to the offshore margin [Buforn et al., 1995

Déverchère, Jacques

271

The vertical separation of mainshock rupture and microseismicity at Qeshm island in the Zagros fold-and-thrust belt, Iran  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

-and-thrust belt, Iran E. Nissen a, , F. Yamini-Fard b , M. Tatar b , A. Gholamzadeh b,1 , E. Bergman c , J Engineering and Seismology, PO Box 19395-3913, Tehran, Iran c Department of Physics, University of Colorado rights reserved. 1. Introduction The Zagros mountains in south-western Iran are one of the most rapidly

Elliott, John

272

A kinetic model of diamond nucleation and silicon carbide interlayer formation during chemical vapor deposition  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A kinetic model of diamond nucleation and silicon carbide interlayer formation during chemical February 2005 Available online 7 April 2005 Abstract The presence of thin silicon carbide intermediate of carbon atoms into the silicon carbide layer and the morphology and orientation of the diamond film

Dandy, David

273

On the optimization of a dc arcjet diamond chemical vapor deposition reactor  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

On the optimization of a dc arcjet diamond chemical vapor deposition reactor S. W. Reevea) and W. A precursor in our dc arcjet reactor.1 Based on conclusions drawn from that work, an optimization strategy diamond film growth in a dc arcjet chemical vapor deposition reactor has been developed. Introducing

Dandy, David

274

Current Issues and Problems in the Chemical Vapor Deposition of Diamond  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...SEMICONDUCTORS DIAMOND, GALLIUM NITRIDE AND SILICON-CARBIDE...FROM METHANE HYDROGEN WATER MIXED GAS-USING A MICROWAVE...diamond and cubic boron nitride (c-BN; Bora-zon...be related to a high solubility or mobility for C on...

Walter A. Yarbrough; Russell Messier

1990-02-09T23:59:59.000Z

275

Raman spectroscopy of amorphous, nanostructured, diamond–like carbon, and nanodiamond  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...varying excitation energy. By visible and ultra- violet excitation measurements, the...diamond, also refereed to as nanodiamond or ultra-nanocrystalline diamond. The chemical...phononfrequency(cm-1) M K GE aexp GE ath exp. MK M K GE aexp GI ath q = (0, , 0) q...

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

276

A robust scanning diamond sensor for nanoscale imaging with single nitrogen-vacancy centres  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A robust scanning diamond sensor for nanoscale imaging with single nitrogen-vacancy centres P and A. Yacoby1 * The nitrogen-vacancy defect centre in diamond1­4 has potential applications processing9 and bioimaging10 . These applications rely on the ability to pos- ition a single nitrogen-vacancy

Walsworth, Ronald L.

277

Vacuum encapsulated hermetically sealed diamond amplified cathode capsule and method for making same  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A vacuum encapsulated, hermetically sealed cathode capsule for generating an electron beam of secondary electrons, which generally includes a cathode element having a primary emission surface adapted to emit primary electrons, an annular insulating spacer, a diamond window element comprising a diamond material and having a secondary emission surface adapted to emit secondary electrons in response to primary electrons impinging on the diamond window element, a first cold-weld ring disposed between the cathode element and the annular insulating spacer and a second cold-weld ring disposed between the annular insulating spacer and the diamond window element. The cathode capsule is formed by a vacuum cold-weld process such that the first cold-weld ring forms a hermetical seal between the cathode element and the annular insulating spacer and the second cold-weld ring forms a hermetical seal between the annular spacer and the diamond window element whereby a vacuum encapsulated chamber is formed within the capsule.

Rao, Triveni; Walsh, John; Gangone, Elizabeth

2014-12-30T23:59:59.000Z

278

Structure and superconductivity of isotope-enriched boron-doped diamond  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Superconducting boron-doped diamond samples were synthesized with isotopes of {sup 10}B, {sup 11}B, {sup 13}C and {sup 12}C. We claim the presence of a carbon isotope effect on the superconducting transition temperature, which supports the 'diamond-carbon'-related nature of superconductivity and the importance of the electron-phonon interaction as the mechanism of superconductivity in diamond. Isotope substitution permits us to relate almost all bands in the Raman spectra of heavily boron-doped diamond to the vibrations of carbon atoms. The 500 cm{sup 01} Raman band shifts with either carbon or boron isotope substitution and may be associated with vibrations of paired or clustered boron. The absence of a superconducting transition (down to 1.6 K) in diamonds synthesized in the Co-C-B system at 1900 K correlates with the small boron concentration deduced from lattice parameters.

Thompson, Joe D [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Ekimov, E A [INSTIT OF HIGH PRESSURE; Sidorov, V A [INSTIT OF HIGH PRESSURE; Zoteev, A [MOSCOW SU; Lebed, Y [INST FOR NUCI RES; Stishov, S M [INST FOR HIGH PRESSURE

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

279

Enhancement of the nucleation of smooth and dense nanocrystalline diamond films by using molybdenum seed layers  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A method for the nucleation enhancement of nanocrystalline diamond (NCD) films on silicon substrates at low temperature is discussed. A sputter deposition of a Mo seed layer with thickness 50 nm on Si substrates was applied followed by an ultrasonic seeding step with nanosized detonation diamond powders. Hot-filament chemical vapor deposition (HF-CVD) was used to nucleate and grow NCD films on substrates heated up at 550 deg. C. The nucleation of diamond and the early stages of NCD film formation were investigated at different methane percentages in methane/hydrogen gas mixtures by atomic force microscopy, micro-Raman spectroscopy, scanning electron microscopy, and grazing incidence x-ray analyses in order to gain specific insight in the nucleation process of NCD films. The nucleation kinetics of diamond on the Mo-coated Si substrates was found to be up to ten times higher than on blank Si substrates. The enhancement of the nucleation of diamond on thin Mo interlayers results from two effects, namely, (a) the nanometer rough Mo surface shows an improved embedding of ultrasonically introduced nanosized diamond seeds that act as starting points for the diamond nucleation during HF-CVD and (b) the rapid carbonization of the Mo surface causes the formation of Mo{sub 2}C onto which diamond easily nucleates. The diamond nucleation density progressively increases at increasing methane percentages and is about 5x10{sup 10} cm{sup -2} at 4.0% methane. The improved nucleation kinetics of diamond on Mo interlayers facilitates the rapid formation of NCD films possessing a very low surface roughness down to {approx}6 nm, and allows a submicron thickness control.

Buijnsters, J. G. [Department of Metallurgy and Materials Engineering, Katholieke Universiteit Leuven, Kasteelpark Arenberg 44, B-3001 Leuven (Belgium); Institute for Molecules and Materials, Radboud University Nijmegen, Heijendaalseweg 135, 6525 AJ Nijmegen (Netherlands); Vazquez, L. [Instituto de Ciencia de Materiales de Madrid (ICMM-CSIC), Cantoblanco, C/Sor Juana Ines de la Cruz 3, 28049 Madrid (Spain); Dreumel, G. W. G. van; Meulen, J. J. ter; Enckevort, W. J. P. van [Institute for Molecules and Materials, Radboud University Nijmegen, Heijendaalseweg 135, 6525 AJ Nijmegen (Netherlands); Celis, J. P. [Department of Metallurgy and Materials Engineering, Katholieke Universiteit Leuven, Kasteelpark Arenberg 44, B-3001 Leuven (Belgium)

2010-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

280

Diamond Patterns in the Cellular Front of an Overdriven Detonation  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A nonlinear integral-differential equation describing the cellular front of an overdriven detonation is obtained by an analysis carried out in the neighborhood of the instability threshold. The analysis reveals both an unusual mean streaming motion, resulting from the rotational part of the oscillatory flow, and pressure bursts generated by the crossover of cusps representative of Mach stems propagating on the detonation front. A numerical study of the nonlinear equation exhibits the “diamond” patterns observed in experiments. An overall physical understanding is provided.

P. Clavin and B. Denet

2002-01-10T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "diamond thrust bearings" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


281

Nanoscale fluorescence lifetime imaging with a single diamond NV center  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Solid-state quantum emitters, such as artificially engineered quantum dots or naturally occurring defects in solids, are being investigated for applications ranging from quantum information science and optoelectronics to biomedical imaging. Recently, these same systems have also been studied from the perspective of nanoscale metrology. In this letter we study the near-field optical properties of a diamond nanocrystal hosting a single nitrogen vacancy center. We find that the nitrogen vacancy center is a sensitive probe of the surrounding electromagnetic mode structure. We exploit this sensitivity to demonstrate nanoscale fluorescence lifetime imaging microscopy (FLIM) with a single nitrogen vacancy center by imaging the local density of states of an optical antenna.

Ryan Beams; Dallas Smith; Timothy W. Johnson; Sang-Hyun Oh; Lukas Novotny; Nick Vamivakas

2013-03-05T23:59:59.000Z

282

Engineering shallow spins in diamond with nitrogen delta-doping  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We demonstrate nanometer-precision depth control of nitrogen-vacancy (NV) center creation near the surface of synthetic diamond using an in situ nitrogen delta-doping technique during plasma-enhanced chemical vapor deposition. Despite their proximity to the surface, doped NV centers with depths (d) ranging from 5 to 100 nm display long spin coherence times, T{sub 2} > 100 {mu}s at d = 5 nm and T{sub 2} > 600 {mu}s at d {>=} 50 nm. The consistently long spin coherence observed in such shallow NV centers enables applications such as atomic-scale external spin sensing and hybrid quantum architectures.

Ohno, Kenichi; Joseph Heremans, F.; Bassett, Lee C.; Myers, Bryan A.; Toyli, David M.; Bleszynski Jayich, Ania C.; Palmstrom, Christopher J.; Awschalom, David D. [Center for Spintronics and Quantum Computation, University of California, Santa Barbara, California 93106 (United States)

2012-08-20T23:59:59.000Z

283

HVAC Radial Air Bearing Heat Exchangers Research Project | Department of  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Radial Air Bearing Heat Exchangers Radial Air Bearing Heat Exchangers Research Project HVAC Radial Air Bearing Heat Exchangers Research Project The U.S. Department of Energy is currently conducting research into heating, ventilation, and air conditioning (HVAC) radial air bearing heat exchangers. Rotary air bearing heat exchanger technology simultaneously solves four long standing problems of conventional "fan-plus-finned-heat-sink" heat exchangers. Project Description This project seeks to design, fabricate, and test successive generations of prototype radial air bearing heat exchanger devices based on lessons learned and further insights into device optimization, computational fluid dynamic studies for parametric optimization and determination of scaling laws, and laboratory measurement of flow field and heat transfer

284

Positive contact, self retaining bearing seals  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

An ultra-low friction bearing including an inner race, an outer race, bearing elements engaged between the inner and outer races and a seal between the inner and outer races is disclosed. The seal includes first and second sealing washers. The first washer has an outer diameter greater than an inner diameter of the outer race and an inner diameter greater than the outer diameter of the inner race. The second washer has an inner diameter less than the outer diameter of the inner race and an outer diameter less than the inner diameter of the outer race. The first washer slidably engages the outer race, the second washer slidably engages the inner race and the washers overlap and slidably engage one another. One of the washers snap fits into its respective inner or outer race while the other washer engages a stepped surface of the other of the inner and outer races. The grooved and stepped surface are offset from one another in a longitudinal direction of the races such that the washers are conically loaded thus providing a seal between the inner and outer races sufficient to prevent lubricant and contaminating particles from passing therethrough. The washers are made from a non-metallic semi-flexible low-modulus material.

Johnson, Bruce H. (Kansas City, MO); Larsen, Lawrence E. (Kansas City, MO); Welch, Edmund F. (Kansas City, MO)

1992-05-05T23:59:59.000Z

285

White Bear Lake Conservation District (Minnesota) | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

White Bear Lake Conservation District (Minnesota) White Bear Lake Conservation District (Minnesota) White Bear Lake Conservation District (Minnesota) < Back Eligibility Utility Fed. Government Commercial Agricultural Investor-Owned Utility State/Provincial Govt Industrial Construction Municipal/Public Utility Local Government Residential Installer/Contractor Rural Electric Cooperative Tribal Government Low-Income Residential Schools Retail Supplier Institutional Multi-Family Residential Systems Integrator Fuel Distributor Nonprofit General Public/Consumer Transportation Savings Category Alternative Fuel Vehicles Hydrogen & Fuel Cells Buying & Making Electricity Water Home Weatherization Solar Wind Program Info State Minnesota Program Type Siting and Permitting This statute establishes the White Bear Lake Conservation District, which

286

Notes 09. Fluid inertia and turbulence in fluid film bearings  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

When fluid inertia effects are important. Bulk-flow model for inertial flows. Turbulence and inertia in short length journal bearings and open end dampers....

San Andres, Luis

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

287

Notes 03. Kinematics of motion in cylindrical journal bearings  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Reynolds equation for cylindrical journal bearings. Kinematics of motion and film thickness. Distinction between fixed and rotating coordinates. The pure squeeze velocity vector. Examples of journal motion....

San Andres, Luis

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

288

Axial bearing with gas lubrication for marine turbines  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The possibility of enhancing the carrying capacity of the lubricant layer in bearings with gas lubrication is considered, for marine turbines. The basic design features of the hybrid...

M. V. Gribinichenko; A. V. Kurenskii; N. V. Sinenko

2013-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

289

Computer-aided design (CAD) of full hydrodynamic journal bearings  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Since the equations involved in solving bearing problems are tedious to work with, calculations are most easily made by the use of bearing performance charts. However, the design of journal bearings is still a relatively cumbersome iterative process that involves the use of various data charts and tables, thus leading to time consuming and less accurate results. Therefore, a complete computer-aided design (CAD) procedure covering the basic methods for designing a full hydrodynamic journal bearing of finite length is developed and presented. The theoretical data and relevant empirical charts are collected and presented in appropriate formats. Also, the design variables of load per unit of projected bearing area, and bearing clearance in industrial applications, needed in the bearing design, are derived and incorporated in the design process. However, when designing a bearing for a given application, an infinite number of solutions is possible. Thus, certain limitations are imposed on the values of the bearing performance variables including stability, based on empirical guidelines. Consequently, one may select the solution for optimum conditions, say of maximum load capacity, or the minimum power loss (i.e. minimum friction). Finally, the CAD programme developed and constructed is general, fully automated, flexible, extendable, interactive and friendly to use.

M.H. Es-Saheb; Y.A. Al-Kalifa

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

290

Investigations of Bearing Failures Associated with White Etching...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Investigations of Bearing Failures Associated with White Etching Areas (irWEAs) in Wind Turbine Gearboxes Presented by Bob Errichello of GEARTECH at the Wind Turbine Tribology...

291

Contestation of Place: Bear Butte and the Sturgis Motorcycle Rally.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??The sacred American Indian mountain of Bear Butte, South Dakota is a contested place under threat from the biker themed campgrounds that facilitate the Sturgis… (more)

Stasiuk, Davie D.

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

292

Diamond Willow Wind (08) Wind Farm | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Willow Wind (08) Wind Farm Willow Wind (08) Wind Farm Jump to: navigation, search Name Diamond Willow Wind (08) Wind Farm Facility Diamond Willow Wind (08) Sector Wind energy Facility Type Commercial Scale Wind Facility Status In Service Owner Montana-Dakota Utilities Developer Montana-Dakota Utilities Energy Purchaser Montana-Dakota Utilities Location Near Baker MT Coordinates 46.268046°, -104.201742° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":46.268046,"lon":-104.201742,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

293

Diamond Willow Wind (07) Wind Farm | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Wind (07) Wind Farm Wind (07) Wind Farm Jump to: navigation, search Name Diamond Willow Wind (07) Wind Farm Facility Diamond Willow Wind (07) Sector Wind energy Facility Type Commercial Scale Wind Facility Status In Service Owner Montana-Dakota Utilities Developer Montana-Dakota Utilities Energy Purchaser Montana-Dakota Utilities Location Near Baker MT Coordinates 46.274903°, -104.183013° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":46.274903,"lon":-104.183013,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

294

Optical signatures of silicon-vacancy spins in diamond  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Colour centres in diamond have emerged as versatile tools for solid-state quantum technologies ranging from quantum information to metrology, where the nitrogen-vacancy centre is the most studied to-date. Recently, this toolbox has expanded to include different materials for their nanofabrication opportunities, and novel colour centres to realize more efficient spin-photon quantum interfaces. Of these, the silicon-vacancy centre stands out with ultrabright single photon emission predominantly into the desirable zero-phonon line. The challenge for utilizing this centre is to realise the hitherto elusive optical access to its electronic spin. Here, we report spin-tagged resonance fluorescence from the negatively charged silicon-vacancy centre. In low-strain bulk diamond spin-selective excitation under finite magnetic field reveals a spin-state purity approaching unity in the excited state. We also investigate the effect of strain on the centres in nanodiamonds and discuss how spin selectivity in the excited state remains accessible in this regime.

Tina Muller; Christian Hepp; Benjamin Pingault; Elke Neu; Stefan Gsell; Matthias Schreck; Hadwig Sternschulte; Doris Steinmueller-Nethl; Christoph Becher; Mete Atature

2013-12-10T23:59:59.000Z

295

Mechanical stiffness and dissipation in ultrananocrystalline diamond micro-resonators.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We have characterized mechanical properties of ultrananocrystalline diamond (UNCD) thin films grown using the hot filament chemical vapor deposition (HFCVD) technique at 680 C, significantly lower than the conventional growth temperature of {approx}800 C. The films have {approx}4.3% sp{sup 2} content in the near-surface region as revealed by near edge x-ray absorption fine structure spectroscopy. The films, {approx}1 {micro}m thick, exhibit a net residual compressive stress of 370 {+-} 1 MPa averaged over the entire 150 mm wafer. UNCD microcantilever resonator structures and overhanging ledges were fabricated using lithography, dry etching, and wet release techniques. Overhanging ledges of the films released from the substrate exhibited periodic undulations due to stress relaxation. This was used to determine a biaxial modulus of 838 {+-} 2 GPa. Resonant excitation and ring-down measurements in the kHz frequency range of the microcantilevers were conducted under ultrahigh vacuum (UHV) conditions in a customized UHV atomic force microscope system to determine Young's modulus as well as mechanical dissipation of cantilever structures at room temperature. Young's modulus is found to be 790 {+-} 30 GPa. Based on these measurements, Poisson's ratio is estimated to be 0.057 {+-} 0.038. The quality factors (Q) of these resonators ranged from 5000 to 16000. These Q values are lower than theoretically expected from the intrinsic properties of diamond. The results indicate that surface and bulk defects are the main contributors to the observed dissipation in UNCD resonators.

Sumant, A. V.; Adiga, V. P.; Suresh, S.; Gudeman, C.; Auciello, O.; Carlis, J. A.; Carpick, R. W.

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

296

Bear Valley Electric Service | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Service Service Jump to: navigation, search Name Bear Valley Electric Service Place California Utility Id 17612 Utility Location Yes Ownership I NERC Location WECC NERC WECC Yes Operates Generating Plant Yes Activity Generation Yes Activity Buying Transmission Yes Activity Distribution Yes Activity Wholesale Marketing Yes References EIA Form EIA-861 Final Data File for 2010 - File1_a[1] LinkedIn Connections CrunchBase Profile No CrunchBase profile. Create one now! This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by expanding it. Utility Rate Schedules Grid-background.png A-1 General Service, less than 20 kW A-1 General Service, less than 20 kW - Direct Access Commercial A-2 General Service, 20 to 50 kW A-2 General Service, 20 to 50 kW - Direct Access A-3 General Service, more than 50 kW Commercial

297

Hybrid air foil bearing with external pressurization  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

) becomes smooth. 20 Figure 3.7 Non-dimensional film thickness for operating parameters in Table 3.1 with S f =1 21 m ? m ? (a) S f = 0.8 m ? (b) S f = 0.5 (c) S f = 0.2 m ? Figure 3... and NASA [18] experimental minimum film thickness; L/D=1, C=31.8 m? , and bump stiffness = 4.7 GN/m 3 Figure 3.11 describes a non-dimensional pressure (P=p/p a ), film thickness (H=h/C), and bump deflection (W=w B /C) for the bearing in Table 3.1 at 45...

Park, Soongook

2009-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

298

Resonant frequency method for bearing ball inspection  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

The present invention provides for an inspection system and method for detecting defects in test objects which includes means for generating expansion inducing energy focused upon the test object at a first location, such expansion being allowed to contract, thereby causing pressure wave within and on the surface of the test object. Such expansion inducing energy may be provided by, for example, a laser beam or ultrasonic energy. At a second location, the amplitudes and phases of the acoustic waves are detected and the resonant frequencies' quality factors are calculated and compared to predetermined quality factor data, such comparison providing information of whether the test object contains a defect. The inspection system and method also includes means for mounting the bearing ball for inspection.

Khuri-Yakub, B. T. (Palo Alto, CA); Hsieh, Chung-Kao (Stanford, CA)

1993-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

299

Resonant frequency method for bearing ball inspection  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

The present invention provides for an inspection system and method for detecting defects in test objects which includes means for generating expansion inducing energy focused upon the test object at a first location, such expansion being allowed to contract, thereby causing pressure wave within and on the surface of the test object. Such expansion inducing energy may be provided by, for example, a laser beam or ultrasonic energy. At a second location, the amplitudes and phases of the acoustic waves are detected and the resonant frequencies' quality factors are calculated and compared to predetermined quality factor data, such comparison providing information of whether the test object contains a defect. The inspection system and method also includes means for mounting the bearing ball for inspection. 5 figures.

Khuri-Yakub, B.T.; Chungkao Hsieh.

1993-11-02T23:59:59.000Z

300

Plasma etching of cavities into diamond anvils for experiments at high pressures and high temperatures  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We describe a method for precisely etching small cavities into the culets of diamond anvils for the purpose of providing thermal insulation for samples in experiments at high pressures and high temperatures. The cavities were fabricated using highly directional oxygen plasma to reactively etch into the diamond surface. The lateral extent of the etch was precisely controlled to micron accuracy by etching the diamond through a lithographically fabricated tungsten mask. The performance of the etched cavities in high-temperature experiments in which the samples were either laser heated or electrically heated is discussed.

Weir, S.T.; Cynn, H.; Falabella, S.; Evans, W.J.; Aracne-Ruddle, C.; Farber, D.; Vohra, Y.K. (LLNL); (UAB)

2012-10-23T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "diamond thrust bearings" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


301

Permanent magnet design for high-speed superconducting bearings  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A high temperature superconducting bearing including a permanent magnet rotor levitated by a high temperature superconducting structure is disclosed. The rotor preferably includes one or more concentric permanent magnet rings coupled to permanent magnet ring structures having substantially triangular and quadrangular cross-sections. Both alternating and single direction polarity magnet structures can be used in the bearing. 9 figs.

Hull, J.R.; Uherka, K.L.; Abdoud, R.G.

1996-09-10T23:59:59.000Z

302

Thermal Effects on the Bearing Behavior of Composite Joints  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Thermal effects on the pin-bearing behavior of an IM7/PETI5 composite laminate are studied comprehensively within this paper. Pin-bearing tests of several lay-ups at the operating temperatures of -200 degrees F, 70 degrees F, and 350 degrees F are conducted ...

Walker Sandra Polesky

2001-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

303

Diesel engine crankshaft journal bearings failures: Case study  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Wear as a tribological process has major influence on the reliability and life of engine crankshaft bearings. The importance of field examinations of bearing failures due to wear is very well known. They point to the possible causes of wear and to the necessary treatment for its reduction or elimination. The paper presents the results obtained by examining 616 crankshaft bearings, damaged by different mechanisms. The bearings were installed in high-speed diesel engines, and were gathered for two years, during general repairs of the engines (overhaul), i.e. after 3000–5000 working hours. After the examination of the bearings, the fault tree analysis (FTA) was performed to determine the root causes for engine bearing failures. Each type of damage that was identified was illustrated with an appropriate high-resolution photograph. The investigations show that the basic and most conspicuous types of damage which cause bearing failures are abrasive, adhesive and surface fatigue wear. The paper also considers the effects of the place of installation and type of bearing material in respect to each type of wear.

Aleksandar Vencl; Aleksandar Rac

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

304

Vibration Control of Multi-Mode Rotor-Bearing Systems  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

8 March 1983 research-article Vibration Control of Multi-Mode Rotor-Bearing...least-squares method to minimize the vibration of any general rotor-bearing system...to implement the open-loop adaptive vibration control strategies outlined in the paper...

1983-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

305

High temperature, permanent magnet biased, homopolar magnetic bearing actuator  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

current resistance and improves the system efficiency because the magnetic field of the HTPM can suspend the major portion of the static load on bearing. A high temperature radial magnetic bearing was designed via an iterative search employing 3D finite...

Hossain, Mohammad Ahsan

2006-10-30T23:59:59.000Z

306

Measurements and Studies of Secondary Electron Emission of Diamond Amplified Photocathode  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Diamond Amplified Photocathode (DAP) is a novel approach to generating electrons. By following the primary electron beam, which is generated by traditional electron sources, with an amplifier, the electron beam available to the eventual application is increased by 1 to 2 orders of magnitude in current. Diamond has a very wide band gap of 5.47eV which allows for a good negative electron affinity with simple hydrogenation, diamond can hold more than 2000MV/m field before breakdown. Diamond also provides the best rigidity among all materials. These two characters offer the capability of applying high voltage across very thin diamond film to achieve high SEY and desired emission phase. The diamond amplifier also is capable of handling a large heat load by conduction and sub-nanosecond pulse input. The preparation of the diamond amplifier includes thinning and polishing, cleaning with acid etching, metallization, and hydrogenation. The best mechanical polishing available can provide high purity single crystal diamond films with no less than 100 {micro}m thickness and <15 nm Ra surface roughness. The ideal thickness for 700MHz beam is {approx}30 {micro}m, which requires further thinning with RIE or laser ablation. RIE can achieve atomic layer removal precision and roughness eventually, but the time consumption for this procedure is very significant. Laser ablation proved that with <266nm ps laser beam, the ablation process on the diamond can easily achieve removing a few microns per hour from the surface and <100nm roughness. For amplifier application, laser ablation is an adequate and efficient process to make ultra thin diamond wafers following mechanical polishing. Hydrogenation will terminate the diamond surface with monolayer of hydrogen, and form NEA so that secondary electrons in the conduction band can escape into the vacuum. The method is using hydrogen cracker to strike hydrogen atoms onto the bare diamond surface to form H-C bonds. Two independent experiments were carried out to determine the transport of the electrons within the diamond and their emission at the surface. In transmission mode measurements, the diamond amplifier was coated with metal on both sides, so results simply depend only on the electron transport within the diamond. The SEY for this mode provides one secondary electron per 20eV energy, which gives the gain of more than 200 for 4.7keV (effective energy) primary electrons under 2MV/m. Laser detrapping can help the signal maintain the gain with lops pulse and duty cycle of 1.67 x 10{sup -7}. In emission mode measurements, in which the diamond is prepared as in the actual application, the SEY is {approx}20 for 700eV (effective energy) primary electrons under 1.21MV/m. The electric field applied and the primary electron energy is limited by the experiment setup, but the results show good trend toward large gain under high field. Thermal emittance of the diamond secondary emission is critical for the beam application. A careful design is setup to measure with very fine precision and accuracy of 0.01eV.

Wu,Q.

2008-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

307

Independent Oversight Review, Sodium Bearing Waste Treatment Project -  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Sodium Bearing Waste Treatment Sodium Bearing Waste Treatment Project - Contractor - June 2012 Independent Oversight Review, Sodium Bearing Waste Treatment Project - Contractor - June 2012 June 2012 Review of the Sodium Bearing Waste Treatment Project - Integrated Waste Treatment Unit Contractor Operational Readiness Review This report documents the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office of Enforcement and Oversight (Independent Oversight), within the Office of Health, Safety and Security (HSS), independent review of the Sodium Bearing Waste Treatment Project-Integrated Waste Treatment Unit (SBWTP-IWTU) contractor Operational Readiness Review (C-ORR). The review was conducted at the Idaho Site from February 27 to March 6, 2012. This report discusses the background, scope, results, and conclusions of the review, as well as

308

Independent Oversight Review, Sodium Bearing Waste Treatment Project -  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Sodium Bearing Waste Treatment Sodium Bearing Waste Treatment Project - Federal - June 2012 Independent Oversight Review, Sodium Bearing Waste Treatment Project - Federal - June 2012 June 2012 Review of the Sodium Bearing Waste Treatment Project - Integrated Waste Treatment Unit Federal Operational Readiness Review This report documents the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office of Enforcement and Oversight (Independent Oversight), within the Office of Health, Safety and Security (HSS), independent review of the Sodium Bearing Waste Treatment Project-Integrated Waste Treatment Unit (SBWTP-IWTU) DOE (Federal) Operational Readiness Review (D-ORR). The review was performed by the HSS Office of Safety and Emergency Management Evaluations and was intended to assess the effectiveness of the CORR process as implemented for

309

EIS-0287: Notice of Preferred Sodium Bearing Waste Treatment Technology |  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Preferred Sodium Bearing Waste Treatment Preferred Sodium Bearing Waste Treatment Technology EIS-0287: Notice of Preferred Sodium Bearing Waste Treatment Technology Idaho High-Level Waste (HLW) and Facilities Disposition In October 2002, the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE or the Department) issued the Final Idaho High-Level Waste (HLW) and Facilities Disposition Environmental Impact Statement (DOE/EIS-0287 (Final EIS)). The Final EIS contains an evaluation of reasonable alternatives for the management of mixed transuranic waste/sodium bearing waste (SBW),1 mixed HLW calcine, and associated low-level waste (LLW), as well as disposition alternatives for HLW facilities when their missions are completed. DOE/EIS-0287, Notice of Preferred Sodium Bearing Waste Treatment Technology, Office of Environmental Management, Idaho, 70 FR 44598 (August

310

Development of Designer Diamond Anvils for High Pressure-High-Temperature Experiments in Support of the Stockpile Stewardship Program  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The focus of this program at the University of Alabama at Birmingham (UAB) is to develop the next generation of designer diamond anvils that can perform simultaneous joule heating and temperature profile measurements in a diamond anvil cell. A series of tungsten-rhenium thermocouples will be fabricated onto to the anvil and encapsulated by a chemical vapor deposited diamond layer to allow for a complete temperature profile measurement across the anvil. The tip of the diamond anvil will be engineered to reduce the thermal conductivity so that the tungsten-heating coils can be deposited on top of this layer. Several different approaches will be investigated to engineer the tip of the diamond anvil for reduction in thermal conductivity (a) isotopic mixture of 12C and 13C in the diamond layer, (b) doping of diamond with impurities (nitrogen and/or boron), and (c) growing diamond in a higher concentration of methane in hydrogen plasma. Under this academic alliance with Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL), PI and his graduate students will use the lithographic and diamond polishing facility at LLNL. This proposed next generation of designer diamond anvils will allow multi-tasking capability with the ability to measure electrical, magnetic, structural and thermal data on actinide materials with unparallel sensitivity in support of the stockpile stewardship program.

Yogesh K. Vohra

2005-05-12T23:59:59.000Z

311

Microsoft Word - DiamondB_Easement_CX.doc  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

16, 2011 16, 2011 REPLY TO ATTN OF: KEC-4 SUBJECT: Environmental Clearance Memorandum Cecilia Brown Project Manager - KEWM-4 Proposed Action: Provision of funds to Montana Fish, Wildlife & Parks to purchase the Diamond B conservation easement. Fish and Wildlife Project No.: 2008-800-00 Categorical Exclusion Applied (from Subpart D, 10 C.F.R. Part 1021): B1.25 Transfer, lease, disposition or acquisition of interests in uncontaminated land for habitat preservation or wildlife management, and only associated buildings that support these purposes. Uncontaminated means that there will be no potential for release of substances at a level, or in a form, that would pose a threat to public health or the environment. Location: Township 28N, Range 20W, Sections 28 and 33 in Flathead County, MT

312

Ultrananocrystalline diamond thin films functionalized with therapeutically active collagen networks.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The fabrication of biologically amenable interfaces in medicine bridges translational technologies with their surrounding biological environment. Functionalized nanomaterials catalyze this coalescence through the creation of biomimetic and active substrates upon which a spectrum of therapeutic elements can be delivered to adherent cells to address biomolecular processes in cancer, inflammation, etc. Here, we demonstrate the robust functionalization of ultrananocrystalline diamond (UNCD) with type I collagen and dexamethasone (Dex), an anti-inflammatory drug, to fabricate a hybrid therapeutically active substrate for localized drug delivery. UNCD oxidation coupled with a pH-mediated collagen adsorption process generated a comprehensive interface between the two materials, and subsequent Dex integration, activity, and elution were confirmed through inflammatory gene expression assays. These studies confer a translational relevance to the biofunctionalized UNCD in its role as an active therapeutic network for potent regulation of cellular activity toward applications in nanomedicine.

Huang, H.; Chen, M.; Bruno, P.; Lam, R.; Robinson, E.; Gruen, D.; Ho, D.; Materials Science Division; Northwestern Univ.

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

313

Calculations of electronic states in ultrasmall quantum boxes of diamond  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The electronic structure of ultrasmall quantum boxes (QBs) of diamond with (110) ( 1 1 ¯ 0 ) and (001) planes saturated by hydrogen is calculated using the extended Hückel-type nonorthogonal tight-binding method. It is shown that in contrast to the QBs with the ideal surfaces which show a clear dependence of the lowest unoccupied molecular orbital (LUMO) energy on the size variation along the [001] direction the energy of the LUMO state in the QBs with a monohydrogenated dimer on the (001) surface depends little on the size variation in agreement with the experiment. It is found that the LUMO state in the latter is surfacelike in character and associated with backbonds of the surface dimers. It is also demonstrated that optical transitions across the energy gap exhibit significant oscillator strength.

Masahiko Nishida

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

314

Diamond Amplified Photocathode at BNL | U.S. DOE Office of Science (SC)  

Office of Science (SC) Website

Diamond Amplified Photocathode at BNL Diamond Amplified Photocathode at BNL Nuclear Physics (NP) NP Home About Research Facilities Science Highlights Benefits of NP Spinoff Applications Spinoff Archives SBIR/STTR Applications of Nuclear Science and Technology Funding Opportunities Nuclear Science Advisory Committee (NSAC) News & Resources Contact Information Nuclear Physics U.S. Department of Energy SC-26/Germantown Building 1000 Independence Ave., SW Washington, DC 20585 P: (301) 903-3613 F: (301) 903-3833 E: sc.np@science.doe.gov More Information » Spinoff Archives Diamond Amplified Photocathode at BNL Print Text Size: A A A RSS Feeds FeedbackShare Page Application/instrumentation: Diamond amplified photocathode Developed at: Brookhaven National Laboratory, New York Developed in: 2004-2007 Result of NP research:

315

Reactive ion etching: Optimized diamond membrane fabrication for transmission electron microscopy  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Commonly used preparation method for thin diamond membranes by focused ion beam (FIB) techniques results in surface damage. Here, the authors introduce an alternative method based on reactive ion etching (RIE). To compare ...

Li, Luozhou

316

Large prolongation of free-exciton photoluminescence decay in diamond by two-photon excitation  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We report on time-resolved photoluminescence of a free-exciton in IIa chemical vapor deposition diamond crystal. Large difference between decay times for one- and two-photon excitation...

Kozák, Martin; Trojánek, František; Malý, Petr

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

317

Rheological response and dynamics of the amphiphilic diamond phase from kinetic lattice–Boltzmann simulations  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...diamond phase from kinetic lattice-Boltzmann simulations R.S. Saksena...are performed using a kinetic lattice-Boltzmann method. Lyotropic liquid crystals...studied previously using our lattice-Boltzmann (LB) approach (Gonzalez-Segredo...

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

318

Growth and electrical characterisation of {delta}-doped boron layers on (111) diamond surfaces  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A plasma enhanced chemical vapor deposition protocol for the growth of {delta}-doping of boron in diamond is presented, using the (111) diamond plane as a substrate for diamond growth. AC Hall effect measurements have been performed on oxygen terminated {delta}-layers and desirable sheet carrier densities ({approx}10{sup 13} cm{sup -2}) for field-effect transistor application are reported with mobilities in excess of what would expected for equivalent but thicker heavily boron-doped diamond films. Temperature-dependent impedance spectroscopy and secondary ion mass spectroscopy measurements show that the grown layers have metallic-like electrical properties with high cut-off frequencies and low thermal impedance activation energies with estimated boron concentrations of approximately 10{sup 20} cm{sup -3}.

Edgington, Robert; Jackman, Richard B. [London Centre for Nanotechnology, and Department of Electronic and Electrical Engineering, University College London, 17-19 Gordon Street, London, WC1H 0AH (United Kingdom); Sato, Syunsuke; Ishiyama, Yuichiro; Kawarada, Hiroshi [Department of Electronic and Photonic Systems, Waseda University, Okubo 3-4-1, Shinjuku, Tokyo 169-8555 (Japan); Morris, Richard [Advanced SIMS Projects, Department of Physics, University of Warwick, Coventry CV4 7AL (United Kingdom)

2012-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

319

Evaluation of traffic operations at diamond interchanges using advanced actuated control  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This thesis documents an operational analysis of ographics. advanced actuated traffic control at signalized diamond interchanges. The study attempts to determine the benefits a "flexible'' phasing strategy provides to the interchange. Flexible...

Koonce, Peter John Vincent

1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

320

Optical data of meteoritic nano-diamonds from far-ultraviolet to far-infrared wavelengths  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We have used different spectroscopic techniques to obtain a consistent quantitative absorption spectrum of a sample of meteoritic nano-diamonds in the wavelength range from the vacuum ultraviolet (0.12 $\\mu$m) to the far infrared (100 $\\mu$m). The nano-diamonds have been isolated by a chemical treatment from the Allende meteorite (Braatz et al.2000). Electron energy loss spectroscopy (EELS) extends the optical measurements to higher energies and allows the derivation of the optical constants (n & k) by Kramers-Kronig analysis. The results can be used to restrain observations and to improve current models of the environment where the nano-diamonds are expected to have formed. We also show that the amount of nano-diamond which can be present in space is higher than previously estimated by Lewis et al. (1989).

H. Mutschke; A. C. Andersen; C. Jaeger; Th. Henning; A. Braatz

2004-08-10T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "diamond thrust bearings" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


321

Many-electron states of nitrogen-vacancy centers in diamond and spin density calculations  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Using a generalized Hubbard Hamiltonian, many-electron calculations of energy levels and corresponding wave functions of negatively charged and neutral nitrogen-vacancy centers in diamond were reported. The energies, ...

Ranjbar, Ahmad

322

Quantum nano optics of defect centers in diamond and h-BN with nano-cathodoluminescence  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We have developed a cathodoluminescence-based single photon emitter detection scheme with deep subwavelength resolution. Application to NV0 centers in diamond and a new type of emitter...

Meuret, Sophie; Tizei, Luiz H; Blazit, Jean-Denis; Bourrellier, Romain; Tencé, Marcel; Zobelli, Alberto; Kociak, Mathieu

323

Flywheel energy storage using superconducting magnetic bearings  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Storage of electrical energy on a utility scale is currently not practicable for most utilities, preventing the full utilization of existing base-load capacity. A potential solution to this problem is Flywheel Energy Storage (FES), made possible by technological developments in high-temperature superconducting materials. Commonwealth Research Corporation (CRC), the research arm of Commonwealth Edison Company, and Argonne National Laboratory are implementing a demonstration project to advance the state of the art in high temperature superconductor (HTS) bearing performance and the overall demonstration of efficient Flywheel Energy Storage. Currently, electricity must be used simultaneously with its generation as electrical energy storage is not available for most utilities. Existing storage methods either are dependent on special geography, are too expensive, or are too inefficient. Without energy storage, electric utilities, such as Commonwealth Edison Company, are forced to cycle base load power plants to meet load swings in hourly customer demand. Demand can change by as much as 30% over a 12-hour period and result in significant costs to utilities as power plant output is adjusted to meet these changes. HTS FES systems can reduce demand-based power plant cycling by storing unused nighttime capacity until it is needed to meet daytime demand.

Abboud, R.G. [Commonwealth Research Corp., Chicago, IL (United States); Uherka, K.; Hull, J.; Mulcahy, T. [Argonne National Lab., IL (United States)

1994-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

324

Vibration diagnosis of main journal bearings for diesel engines  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A comprehensive summary of the vibration diagnosis techniques used to detect the wear of the main journal bearings in a diesel engine is presented. The load of the main journal bearing, the minimum thickness of the oil film, the oil film pressure and the locus of the crankshaft centre have been calculated based on the measured thermal parameters. Simulated wear experiments for the main journal bearing have been carried out in laboratory conditions. The strain and vibration on the main journal pedestals in the vertical direction were measured under various working conditions. The strain signals on the main journal bearing pedestal are related to the oil film forces, damped by the lubricant oil. The excitation sources and the vibration characteristics of the main journal bearing pedestal system were analysed by measuring the vibration signals. The relationships between the feature parameters of the vibration signals and the wear conditions of the main journal bearing have been obtained. It is promising, therefore, to develop and apply the vibration diagnosis technique further to detect the wear conditions of the main journal bearings online.

Yonghua Yu; Jianguo Yang

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

325

Dynamic gas bearing turbine technology in hydrogen plants  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Dynamic Gas Bearing Turbines - although applied for helium refrigerators and liquefiers for decades - experienced limitations for hydrogen applications due to restrictions in axial bearing capacity. With a new design concept for gas bearing turbines developed in 2004 axial bearing capacity was significantly improved enabling the transfer of this technology to hydrogen liquefiers. Prior to roll-out of the technology to industrial plants the turbine bearing technology passed numerous tests in R&D test benches and subsequently proved industrial scale demonstration at Linde Gas' hydrogen liquefier in Leuna Germany. Since its installation this turbine has gathered more than 16 000 successful operating hours and has outperformed its oil bearing brother in terms of performance maintainability as well as reliability. The present paper is based on Linde Kryotechnik AG's paper published in the proceedings of the CEC 2009 concerning the application of Dynamic Gas Bearing Turbines in hydrogen applications. In contrast to the former paper this publication focuses on the steps towards final market launch and more specifically on the financial benefits of this turbine technology both in terms of capital investment as well as operating expenses.

Klaus Ohlig; Stefan Bischoff

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

326

On the nature and removal of saw marks on diamond wire sawn multicrystalline silicon wafers  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Clearly visible saw marks are a significant barrier to commercial use of diamond wire sawn multicrystalline silicon wafers for solar cells. Two types of saw marks on the diamond-cut multicrystalline silicon wafers are identified—the millimeter scale round-run fringes caused by round-running of the saw wires, and the micron scale scratches caused by scribing of the diamond tips. The latter consists of smooth and shiny grooves covered by a thin layer of amorphous phase. The micro-roughness of diamond-cut wafers is actually ~25% less than that of the conventional slurry-cut wafers. The reason for the visibility of the round-run fringes to naked eyes, and for the relatively rough appearance of diamond-cut wafers, is the visual enhancement from the shiny scratches. Therefore, the key to remove the round-run fringes is to roughen the smooth grooves, as flattening the very slightly sloped fringe zones is very difficult due to lack of chemical contrast over them. Acid-etching texturization cannot remove the saw marks on the diamond-cut silicon wafers. Alkaline-etching can only remove the saw marks on grains near (0 0 1) orientation. A vapor blast etching method has been attempted. The preliminary result is encouraging—complete removal of the saw marks has been achieved, along with a good surface texture, which reduces the light reflectivity to 19%.

Wenhao Chen; Xiaomei Liu; Miao Li; Chuanqiang Yin; Lang Zhou

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

327

Pulsed ion beam methods for in situ characterization of diamond film deposition processes  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Diamond and diamond-like carbon (DLC) have properties which in principle make them ideally suited to a wide variety of thin-film applications. Their widespread use as thin films, however, has been limited for a number of reasons related largely to the lack of understanding and control of the nucleation and growth processes. Real-time, in situ studies of the surface of the growing diamond film are experimentally difficult because these films are normally grown under a relatively high pressure of hydrogen, and conventional surface analytical methods require an ultrahigh vacuum environment. It is believed, however, that the presence of hydrogen during growth is necessary to stabilize the corrugated diamond surface structure and thereby prevent the formation of the graphitic phase. Pulsed ion beam-based analytical methods with differentially pumped ion sources and particle detectors are able to characterize the uppermost atomic layer of a film during, growth at ambient pressures 5-7 orders of magnitude higher than other surface-specific analytical methods. We describe here a system which has been developed for the purpose of determining the hydrogen concentration and bonding sites on diamond surfaces as a function of sample temperature and ambient hydrogen pressure under hot filament CVD growth conditions. It is demonstrated that as the hydrogen partial pressure increases, the saturation hydrogen coverage of the surface of a CVD diamond film increases, but that the saturation level depends on the atomic hydrogen concentration and substrate temperature.

Krauss, A.R.; Smentkowski, V.S.; Zuiker, C.D.; Gruen, D.M. [Argonne National Lab., IL (United States); Im, J. [Argonne National Lab., IL (United States)]|[Northwestern Univ., Evanston, IL (United States). Dept. of Materials Science and Engineering; Schultz, J.A.; Waters, K. [Ionwerks Corp., Houston, TX (United States); Chang, R.P.H. [Northwestern Univ., Evanston, IL (United States). Dept. of Materials Science and Engineering

1995-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

328

Interfacial chemical bonding state and band alignment of CaF{sub 2}/hydrogen-terminated diamond heterojunction  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

CaF{sub 2} films are deposited on hydrogen-terminated diamond (H-diamond) by a radio-frequency sputter-deposition technique at room temperature. Interfacial chemical bonding state and band alignment of CaF{sub 2}/H-diamond heterojunction are investigated by X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy. It is confirmed that there are only C-Ca bonds at the CaF{sub 2}/H-diamond heterointerface. Valence and conductance band offsets of the CaF{sub 2}/H-diamond heterojunciton are determined to be 3.7 {+-} 0.2 and 0.3 {+-} 0.2 eV, respectively. It shows a type I straddling band configuration. The large valence band offset suggests advantage of the CaF{sub 2}/H-diamond heterojunciton for the development of high power and high frequency field effect transistors.

Liu, J. W.; Liao, M. Y.; Cheng, S. H.; Imura, M. [Optical and Electronic Materials Unit, National Institute for Materials Science (NIMS), 1-1 Namiki, Tsukuba, Ibaraki 305-0044 (Japan); Koide, Y. [Optical and Electronic Materials Unit, National Institute for Materials Science (NIMS), 1-1 Namiki, Tsukuba, Ibaraki 305-0044 (Japan); Nanofabrication Platform, NIMS, 1-2-1 Sengen, Tsukuba, Ibaraki 305-0047 (Japan); Center of Materials Research for Low Carbon Emission (CMRLC), NIMS, 1-1 Namiki, Tsukuba, Ibaraki 305-0044 (Japan)

2013-03-28T23:59:59.000Z

329

Sequence stratigraphy, paleoclimate, and tectonics of coal-bearing strata  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The origin of coal-bearing strata has been debated vigorously for more than a century, and with the emergence of coalbed methane as a major energy resource and the possibility of sequestering greenhouse gas in coal, this debate has never been more relevant. This volume contains 10 chapters on coal-bearing strata of Carboniferous through Tertiary age and is based on a special session that was held at an AAPG Annual Meeting in New Orleans. Contributors have employed a multitude of approaches ranging from basin analysis to plant taphonomy to support a variety of views on the sequence stratigraphy, paleoclimate, and tectonics of coal-bearing strata.

Jack C. Pashin; Robert A. Gastaldo (eds.)

2004-07-15T23:59:59.000Z

330

E-Print Network 3.0 - alternate bearing indices Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Summary: .124313506501JET477 Abstract: Offset' journal bearings provide an alternate design approach for problematic... suggests that offset bearings might provide a good...

331

Modernization of the guide bearings of turbines of the cascade of Chirchik hydroelectric stations  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The favorable experience of reconstruction and subsequent operation of the guide bearings of turbines of the cascade of Chirchik hydrostations confirms the possibility of modernizing bearings under conditions ...

V. V. Balagurov; Yu. P. Maizel'; M. A. Tsvetkova…

1981-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

332

DOE - Office of Legacy Management -- American Bearing Corp - IN 09  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Bearing Corp - IN 09 Bearing Corp - IN 09 FUSRAP Considered Sites Site: American Bearing Corp. (IN.09 ) Eliminated from further consideration under FUSRAP - Referred to NRC Designated Name: Not Designated Alternate Name: None Location: 429 South Harding Street , Indianapolis , Indiana IN.09-1 Evaluation Year: 1986 IN.09-3 Site Operations: Uranium metal fabrication work during the mid-1950s IN.09-3 Site Disposition: Eliminated - No Authority - NRC licensed IN.09-2 IN.09-4 Radioactive Materials Handled: Yes Primary Radioactive Materials Handled: Uranium IN.09-1 Radiological Survey(s): None Indicated Site Status: Eliminated from further consideration under FUSRAP - Referred to NRC IN.09-4 Also see Documents Related to American Bearing Corp. IN.09-1 - National Lead Company of Ohio Memorandum; Ciborski to

333

Independent Oversight Assessment, Idaho Cleanup Project Sodium Bearing  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Idaho Cleanup Project Sodium Idaho Cleanup Project Sodium Bearing Waste Treatment Project - November 2012 Independent Oversight Assessment, Idaho Cleanup Project Sodium Bearing Waste Treatment Project - November 2012 November 2012 Assessment of Nuclear Safety Culture at the Idaho Cleanup Project Sodium Bearing Waste Treatment Project The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office of Enforcement and Oversight (Independent Oversight), within the Office of Health, Safety and Security (HSS), conducted an independent assessment of nuclear safety culture at the DOE Sodium Bearing Waste Treatment Project (SBWTP). The primary objective of the evaluation was to provide information regarding the status of the safety culture at SBWTP. The data collection phase of the assessment occurred in April and May 2012. SBWTP is one of DOE's largest nuclear

334

Timken XEMC Hunan Bearings Co Ltd | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Timken XEMC Hunan Bearings Co Ltd Timken XEMC Hunan Bearings Co Ltd Jump to: navigation, search Name Timken XEMC (Hunan) Bearings Co Ltd Place Xiangtan, Hunan Province, China Sector Wind energy Product Manufacturer of ultra-large-bore bearings for large scale wind turbines. Coordinates 27.859819°, 112.892067° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":27.859819,"lon":112.892067,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

335

Circular sensor array and nonlinear analysis of homopolar magnetic bearings  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

an adjustment factor for single failures. A prototype 8-sensor array shows substantial runout reduction and bandwidth and sensitivity comparable to commercial systems. Nonlinear behavior in homopolar magnetic bearings is caused primarily by the quadratic...

Wiesenborn, Robert Kyle

2007-04-25T23:59:59.000Z

336

Three dimensional thermohydrodynamic analysis of multi-lobed bearings  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

An approach for three dimensional Therinohydrodyiiamic analysis of multi-lobed journal bearings is presented. The generalized Reynolds equation solution yields the Dressure distribution in the axial and circumferential directions. The energy...

Mulchandani, Rajesh R.

1997-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

337

Preliminary relative permeability estimates of methane hydrate-bearing sand  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

sand, the gas permeability of the sand with hydrate, and thefor gas and water through methane hydrate-bearing sand. X-hydrate dissociation and making a single-phase (gas or water) permeability measurement of the sand

Seol, Yongkoo; Kneafsey, Timothy J.; Tomutsa, Liviu; Moridis, George J.

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

338

Cooling system for a bearing of a turbine rotor  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

In a gas turbine, a bore tube assembly radially inwardly of an aft bearing conveys cooling steam to the buckets of the turbine and returns the cooling steam to a return. To cool the bearing and thermally insulate the bearing from the cooling steam paths, a radiation shield is spaced from the bore tube assembly by a dead air gap. Additionally, an air passageway is provided between the radiation shield and the inner surface of an aft shaft forming part of the rotor. Air is supplied from an inlet for flow along the passage and radially outwardly through bores in the aft shaft disk to cool the bearing and insulate it from transfer of heat from the cooling steam.

Schmidt, Mark Christopher (Niskayuna, NY)

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

339

Modeling of virtual standards of vibration of defective bearing units  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Results of studies designed to model vibration signals are presented below. A sample of time signals obtained as a result of cranking defective and defect-free bearings of railway freight cars on a test bench ser...

V. Yu. Tetter; E. N. Sidorov; E. A. Sidorova

2013-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

340

Cryocooler Applications for High-Temperature Superconductor Magnetic Bearings  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The efficiency and stability of rotational magnetic suspension systems are enhanced by the use of high-temperature superconductor (HTS) magnetic bearings. Fundamental aspects of ... aspects to be considered are i...

R. C. Niemann; J. R. Hull

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "diamond thrust bearings" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


341

Field Examples of Axial Cracked Bearings in Wind Turbine Gearboxes...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Field Examples of Axial Cracked Bearings in Wind Turbine Gearboxes Presented by Paul John Baker of FrontierPro Services at the Wind Turbine Tribology Seminar 2014. 141030 Axial...

342

Force measurements in magnetic bearings using fiber optic strain gauges  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Turbomachinery Laboratory. Two FOSGs were placed approximately 90? apart on two separate poles of one of the bearings, and the strain levels for different load magnitudes and directions were measured. The raw signal has several undesirable attributes...

Raymer, Stephen Geoffrey

2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

343

Gas Foil Bearing Technology Advancements for Closed Brayton Cycle Turbines  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Closed Brayton Cycle (CBC) turbine systems are under consideration for future space electric power generation. CBC turbines convert thermal energy from a nuclear reactor or other heat source to electrical power using a closed?loop cycle. The operating fluid in the closed?loop is commonly a high pressure inert gas mixture that cannot tolerate contamination. One source of potential contamination in a system such as this is the lubricant used in the turbomachine bearings. Gas Foil Bearings (GFB) represent a bearing technology that eliminates the possibility of contamination by using the working fluid as the lubricant. Thus foil bearings are well suited to application in space power CBC turbine systems. NASA Glenn Research Center is actively researching GFB technology for use in these CBC power turbines. A power loss model has been developed and the effects of very high ambient pressure start?up torque and misalignment have been observed and are reported here.

Samuel A. Howard; Robert J. Bruckner; Christopher DellaCorte; Kevin C. Radil

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

344

High performance magnetic bearing systems using high temperature superconductors  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

Disclosed are a magnetic bearing apparatus and a method for providing at least one stabilizing force in a magnetic bearing structure with a superconducting magnetic assembly and a magnetic assembly, by providing a superconducting magnetic member in the superconducting magnetic assembly with a plurality of domains and arranging said superconducting magnetic member such that at least one domain has a domain C-axis vector alignment angularly disposed relative to a reference axis of the magnetic member in the magnetic assembly. 7 figs.

Abboud, R.G.

1998-05-05T23:59:59.000Z

345

Ecological effects of contaminants and remedial actions in Bear Creek  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Ecological studies of the Bear Creek watershed, which drains the area surrounding several Oak Ridge Y-12 Plant waste disposal facilities, were initiated in May 1984 and are continuing at present. These studies consisted of an initial, detailed characterization of the benthic invertebrate and fish communities in Bear Creek, and they were followed by a presently ongoing monitoring phase that involves reduced sampling intensities. The characterization phase utilized two approaches: (1) instream sampling of benthic invertebrate and fish communities in Bear Creek to identify spatial and temporal patterns in distribution and abundance and (2) laboratory bioassays on water samples from Bear Creek and selected tributaries to identify potential sources of toxicity to biota. The monitoring phase of the ecological program relates to the long-term goals of identifying and prioritizing contaminant sources and assessing the effectiveness of remedial actions. It continues activities of the characterization phase at less frequent intervals. The Bear Greek Valley is a watershed that drains the area surrounding several closed Oak Ridge Y-12 Plant waste disposal facilities. Past waste disposal practices in Bear Creek Valley resulted in contamination of Bear Creek and consequent ecological damage. Extensive remedial actions have been proposed at waste sites, and some of the have been implemented or are now underway. The proposed study plan consists of an initial, detailed characterization of the benthic invertebrate and fish communities in Bear Creek in the first year followed by a reduction in sampling intensity during the monitoring phase of the plan. The results of sampling conducted from May 1984 through early 1989 are presented in this report.

Southworth, G.R.; Loar, J.M.; Ryon, M.G.; Smith, J.G.; Stewart, A.J. [Oak Ridge National Lab., TN (United States); Burris, J.A. [C. E. Environmental, Inc., Tallahassee, FL (United States)

1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

346

High performance magnetic bearing systems using high temperature superconductors  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A magnetic bearing apparatus and a method for providing at least one stabilizing force in a magnetic bearing structure with a superconducting magnetic assembly and a magnetic assembly, by providing a superconducting magnetic member in the superconducting magnetic assembly with a plurality of domains and arranging said superconducting magnetic member such that at least one domain has a domain C-axis vector alignment angularly disposed relative to a reference axis of the magnetic member in the magnetic assembly.

Abboud, Robert G. (Barrington Hills, IL)

1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

347

Atmospheric Plasma Deposition of Diamond-like Carbon Coatings  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

There is great demand for thin functional coatings in the semiconductor, optics, electronics, medical, automotive and aerospace industries [1-13]. As fabricated components become smaller and more complex, the properties of the materials’ surface take on greater importance. Thin coatings play a key role in tailoring surfaces to give them the desired hardness, wear resistance, chemical inertness, and electrical characteristics. Diamond-like carbon (DLC) coatings possess an array of desirable properties, including outstanding abrasion and wear resistance, chemical inertness, hardness, a low coefficient of friction and exceptionally high dielectric strength [14-22]. Diamond-like carbon is considered to be an amorphous material, containing a mixture of sp2 and sp3 bonded carbon. Based on the percentage of sp3 carbon and the hydrogen content, four different types of DLC coatings have been identified: tetrahedral carbon (ta-C), hydrogenated amorphous carbon (a-C:H) hard, a-C:H soft, and hydrogenated tetrahedral carbon (ta-C:H) [20,24,25]. Possessing the highest hardness of 80 GPa, ta-C possesses an sp3 carbon content of 80 to 88u%, and no appreciable hydrogen content whereas a-C:H soft possesses a hardness of less than 10 GPa, contains an sp3 carbon content of 60% and a hydrogen content between 30 to 50%. Methods used to deposit DLC coatings include ion beam deposition, cathodic arc spray, pulsed laser ablation, argon ion sputtering, and plasma-enhanced chemical vapor deposition [73-83]. Researchers contend that several advantages exist when depositing DLC coatings in a low-pressure environment. For example, ion beam processes are widely utilized since the ion bombardment is thought to promote denser sp3-bonded carbon networks. Other processes, such as sputtering, are better suited for coating large parts [29,30,44]. However, the deposition of DLC in a vacuum system has several disadvantages, including high equipment cost and restrictions on the size and shape of material that may be treated. The deposition of DLC at atmospheric pressure has been demonstrated by several researchers. Izake, et al [53] and Novikov and Dymont [54] have demonstrated an electrochemical process that is carried out with organic compounds such as methanol and acetylene dissolved in ammonia. This process requires that the substrates be immersed in the liquid [53-54]. The atmospheric pressure deposition of DLC was also demonstrated by Kulik, et al. utilizing a plasma torch. However, this process requires operating temperatures in excess of 800 oC [55]. In this report, we investigate the deposition of diamond-like carbon films using a low temperature, atmospheric pressure plasma-enhanced chemical vapor deposition (PECVD) process. The films were characterized by solid-state carbon-13 nuclear magnetic resonance (13C NMR) and found to have a ratio of sp2 to sp3 carbon of 43 to 57%. The films were also tested for adhesion, coefficient of friction, and dielectric strength.

Ladwig, Angela

2008-01-23T23:59:59.000Z

348

White-Etching Matter in Bearing Steel. Part II: Distinguishing Cause and Effect in Bearing Steel Failure  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The premature failure of large bearings of the type used in wind turbines, possibly through a mechanism called “white-structure flaking”, has triggered many studies of microstructural damage associated with “white-etching areas” created during...

Solano-Alvarez, W.; Bhadeshia, H. K. D. H.

2014-07-11T23:59:59.000Z

349

Seismic data, geometry, evolution, and shortening in the active Sulaiman fold-and-thrust belt of Pakistan, southwest of the Himalayas  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Despite its long history of exploration, the Sulaiman fold and thrust belt is a poorly known structure and detailed structural and geochemical investigations are vital for the successful exploration, evaluation and exploitation of any hydrocarbons. Recent nappe and duplex structural models provide a framework for exploration. Surface and subsurface data from the Sulaiman fold-and-thrust belt are integrated to analyze the deep structure, tectonic, shortening, and kinematics of the Sulaiman fold-and-thrust belt at the western margin of the Indian subcontinent. Seismic reflection data show that nearly all the 10-km-thick sequence of dominantly platform (>7 km) and molasse strata is detached at the deformation front. The strata thicken tectonically to about 20 km in the hinterland without significant thrust faults in the foreland. A balanced structural cross-section suggests that structural uplift in the Sulaiman fold-and-thrust belt is a result of a thin-skinned, passive-roof duplex style of deformation. Sequential restoration of the balanced section reveals a series of structural and geometrical features including: (1) development of low-amplitude, broad concentric folds at the tip of the decollement; (2) increase in amplitude of a detachment fold to a critical level for development of ramp and duplex structures; and (3) out-of-sequence thrusting to create required critical taper for an outward translation of the foreland fold-and-thrust belt. A balanced structural cross-section 349 km long from the Sulaiman fold-and-thrust belt restores to an original length of 727 km, suggesting a maximum of 378 km of shortening since 21 Ma in the cover strata of the Indian subcontinent. Calculation of displacement rates over the Sulaiman fold-and-thrust belt (18 mm/yr) added to the resolved rate of the Chaman fault vector for the component parallel to the plate convergence direction (15 mm/yr) are close to the current India-Asia plate convergence rate (37 mm/yr). 68 refs., 13 figs.

Jadoon, I.A.K. (Quaid-i-Azam Univ., Islamabad (Panama)); Lawrence, R.D.; Lillie, R.J. (Oregon State Univ., Corvallis, OR (United States))

1994-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

350

Fasteners -- Preloading test for the detection of hydrogen embrittlement -- Parallel bearing surface method  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Fasteners -- Preloading test for the detection of hydrogen embrittlement -- Parallel bearing surface method

International Organization for Standardization. Geneva

1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

351

High-power TSP bits. [Thermally Stable Polycrystalline diamond  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This paper reviews a three-year R D project to develop advanced thermally stable polycrystalline diamond (TSP) bits that can operate at power levels 5 to 10 times greater than those typically delivered by rotary rigs. These bits are designed to operate on advanced drilling motors that drill 3 to 6 times faster than rotary rigs. TSP bit design parameters that were varied during these tests include cutter size, shape, density, and orientation. Drilling tests conducted in limestone, sandstone, marble, and granite blocks showed that these optimized bits drilled many of these rocks at 500 to 1,000 ft/hr (150 to 300 m/h), compared to 50 to 100 ft/hr (15 to 30 m/h) for roller bits. These tests demonstrated that TSP bits are capable of operating at the high speeds and high torques delivered by advanced drilling motors now being developed. These advanced bits and motors are designed for use in slim-hole and horizontal drilling applications.

Cohen, J.H.; Maurer, W.C. (Maurer Engineering Inc., Houston, TX (United States)); Westcott, P.A. (Gas Research Inst., Chicago, IL (United States))

1994-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

352

The Diamond Beamline I13L for Imaging and Coherence  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

I13L is the first long beamline at Diamond dedicated to imaging and coherence. Two independent branches will operate in the energy range of 6-30 keV with spatial resolution on the micro- to nano-lengthscale. The Imaging branch is dedicated to imaging and tomography with In-line phase contrast and full-field microscopy on the micron to nano-length scale. Ultimate resolution will be achieved on the Coherence branch at I13L with imaging techniques in the reciprocal space. The experimental stations will be located about 250 m from the source, taking advantage of the coherence properties of the source. The beamline has some outstanding features such as the mini-beta layout of the storage ring's straight section. The optical layout is optimized for beam stability and high optical quality to preserve the coherent radiation. In the experimental stations several methods will be available, starting for the first user with in-line phase contrast imaging on the imaging branch and Coherent X-ray Diffraction (CXRD) on the coherence branch.

Rau, C. [Diamond Light Source Ltd., Chilton, Oxfordshire (United Kingdom); Feinberg School of Medicine, Northwestern University, Chicago, Illinois (United States); Wagner, U.; Peach, A.; Singh, B.; Wilkin, G.; Jones, C. [Diamond Light Source Ltd., Chilton, Oxfordshire (United Kingdom); Robinson, I. K. [Diamond Light Source Ltd., Chilton, Oxfordshire (United Kingdom); Laboratory for Nanomaterials, University College London, London, London (United Kingdom)

2010-06-23T23:59:59.000Z

353

Comparative test on two kinds of new compliant foil bearing for small cryogenic turbo-expander  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Two kinds of new compliant foil journal bearing for a small cryogenic turbo-expander used in the Brayton cycle cryocooler are presented in this paper. The foil of bearings is supported with copper wires and elastic material respectively, so the bearings are much simpler in structure than previous compliant foil bearing. The performances of the bearings are studied under the same experiment conditions. The results indicate that both bearings have better damp performance and the foil bearing supported with elastic material has preferable stability to the one supported with copper wires.

Y Hou; Z.H Zhu; C.Z Chen

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

354

The experimental determination of the dynamic radial stiffness of an angular contact ball bearing  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Objectives 1 II LITERATURE REVIEW 3 Analytical Models 3 Experimental Investigations 4 III TEST BEARING 6 RL10 Angular Contact Ball Bearing 6 IV TEST RIG 7 V EXPERIMENTAL SETUP AND PROCEDURES 10 Static Pedestal Pull Tests 10 Static Bearing Pull Tests... components created a natural frequency that was primarily dependent on the test bearing stiffness. 4 5 1 Driver (air turbine) 2 Driver support 3 Coupling 4 Pocket damper seal 5 Rotor wheel 6 RL10 test bearing 7 Shaft 8 Slave bearing 9 Bearing...

Schmidt, Brent Lee

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

355

Electron microscopic evidence for a tribologically induced phase transformation as the origin of wear in diamond  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Tribological testing of a coarse-grained diamond layer, deposited by plasma-enhanced chemical vapor deposition, was performed on a ring-on-ring tribometer with a diamond counterpart. The origin of the wear of diamond and of the low friction coefficient of 0.15 was studied by analyzing the microstructure of worn and unworn regions by transmission and scanning electron microscopy. In the worn regions, the formation of an amorphous carbon layer with a thickness below 100?nm is observed. Electron energy loss spectroscopy of the C-K ionization edge reveals the transition from sp{sup 3}-hybridized C-atoms in crystalline diamond to a high fraction of sp{sup 2}-hybridized C-atoms in the tribo-induced amorphous C-layer within a transition region of less than 5?nm thickness. The mechanically induced phase transformation from diamond to the amorphous phase is found to be highly anisotropic which is clearly seen at a grain boundary, where the thickness of the amorphous layer above the two differently oriented grains abruptly changes.

Zhang, Xinyi; Schneider, Reinhard; Müller, Erich; Gerthsen, Dagmar [Laboratory for Electron Microscopy, Karlsruhe Institute of Technology (KIT), Engesserstr. 7, D-76131 Karlsruhe (Germany); Mee, Manuel; Meier, Sven [Fraunhofer Institute for Mechanics of Materials IWM, Wöhlerstr. 11, D-79108 Freiburg (Germany); Gumbsch, Peter [Fraunhofer Institute for Mechanics of Materials IWM, Wöhlerstr. 11, D-79108 Freiburg (Germany); Institute for Applied Materials IAM, Karlsruhe Institute of Technology (KIT), Kaiserstr. 12, D-76131 Karlsruhe (Germany)

2014-02-14T23:59:59.000Z

356

Effects of thickness and cycle parameters on fretting wear behavior of CVD diamond coatings on steel substrates  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of low friction, high hardness, high wear resistance, as well as promising corrosion resistance. © 2010 of thermal expansion between diamond and steel may induce high stress within the deposited diamond films c a School of Materials Science and Engineering, Central South University, Changsha, 410083, PR

Bristol, University of

357

RHONEY, BRIAN KEITH. Cylindrical Wire Electrical Discharge Truing of Metal Bond Diamond Grinding Wheels. (Under the direction of Albert Shih)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Electrical Discharge Machining (EDM) to profile a metal bond diamond grinding wheel, and then study the wear to rotate the wheel inside a traditional wire EDM machine. Once the process proved feasible, grinding and grinding performance of the EDM trued wheel. Diamond wheels are known to exhibit low wheel wear

Shih, Albert J.

358

Development of Designer Diamond Technology for High Pressure High Temperature Experiments in Support of Stockpile Stewardship Program  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The role of nitrogen in the fabrication of designer diamond was systematically investigated by adding controlled amount of nitrogen in hydrogen/methane/oxygen plasma. This has led to a successful recipe for reproducible fabrication of designer diamond anvils for high-pressure high-temperature research in support of stockpile stewardship program. In the three-year support period, several designer diamonds fabricated with this new growth chemistry were utilized in high-pressure experiments at UAB and Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory. The designer diamond anvils were utilized in high-pressure studies on heavy rare earth metals, high pressure melting studies on metals, and electrical resistance measurements on iron-based layered superconductors under high pressures. The growth chemistry developed under NNSA support can be adapted for commercial production of designer diamonds.

Vohra, Yogesh, K.

2009-10-28T23:59:59.000Z

359

Effects of diamond nanoparticle exposure on the internal structure and reproduction of Daphnia magna  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Nanomaterials have significant technological advantages but their release into the environment also carry potential ecotoxicological risks. Carbon-based nanoparticles and particularly diamond nanoparticles have numerous industrial and medical applications. The aim of the present study was to evaluate the toxic effects of diamond nanoparticles with an average particle size of 20 nm on the survival, reproduction and tissue structure of the freshwater crustacean Daphnia magna. The chronic toxicity test results showed 100% mortality at concentrations higher than 12.5 mg l?1 and that reproduction inhibition occurred in concentrations higher than 1.3 mg l?1. Light microscopy showed that diamond nanoparticles adhere to the exoskeleton surface and accumulate within the gastrointestinal tract, suggesting that food absorption by the gut cells may be blocked. The results support the use of chronic approaches in environmental protection as part of an integrated environmental monitoring and assessment strategy.

Elsa Mendonça; Mário Diniz; Luís Silva; Isabel Peres; Luísa Castro; José Brito Correia; Ana Picado

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

360

Metal/Diamond Composite Thin-Film Electrodes: New Carbon Supported Catalytic Electrodes  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The DOE-funded research conducted by the Swain group was focused on (i) understanding structure-function relationships at boron-doped diamond thin-film electrodes, (ii) understanding metal phase formation on diamond thin films and developing electrochemical approaches for producing highly dispersed electrocatalyst particles (e.g., Pt) of small nominal particle size, (iii) studying the electrochemical activity of the electrocatalytic electrodes for hydrogen oxidation and oxygen reduction and (iv) conducting the initial synthesis of high surface area diamond powders and evaluating their electrical and electrochemical properties when mixed with a Teflon binder. (Note: All potentials are reported versus Ag/AgCl (sat'd KCl) and cm{sup 2} refers to the electrode geometric area, unless otherwise stated).

Greg M. Swain, PI

2009-03-10T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "diamond thrust bearings" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


361

Efficient readout of a single spin state in diamond via spin-to-charge conversion  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Efficient readout of individual electronic spins associated with atom-like impurities in the solid state is essential for applications in quantum information processing and quantum metrology. We demonstrate a new method for efficient spin readout of nitrogen-vacancy (NV) centers in diamond. The method is based on conversion of the electronic spin state of the NV to a charge state distribution, followed by single-shot readout of the charge state. Conversion is achieved through a spin-dependent photoionization process in diamond at room temperature. Using NVs in nanofabricated diamond beams, we demonstrate that the resulting spin readout noise is within a factor of three of the spin projection noise level. Applications of this technique for nanoscale magnetic sensing are discussed.

B. J. Shields; Q. P. Unterreithmeier; N. P. de Leon; H. Park; M. D. Lukin

2014-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

362

Nano-fabricated solid immersion lenses registered to single emitters in diamond  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We describe a technique for fabricating micro- and nano-structures incorporating fluorescent defects in diamond with a positional accuracy in the hundreds of nanometers. Using confocal fluorescence microscopy and focused ion beam (FIB) etching we first locate a suitable defect with respect to registration marks on the diamond surface and then etch a structure using these coordinates. We demonstrate the technique here by etching an 8 micron diameter hemisphere positioned such that a single negatively charged nitrogen-vacancy defect lies at its origin. This type of structure increases the photon collection efficiency by removing refraction and aberration losses at the diamond-air interface. We make a direct comparison of the fluorescence photon count rate before and after fabrication and observe an 8-fold increase due to the presence of the hemisphere.

L. Marseglia; J. P. Hadden; A. C. Stanley-Clarke; J. P. Harrison; B. Patton; Y. -L. D. Ho; B. Naydenov; F. Jelezko; J. Meijer; P. R. Dolan; J. M. Smith; J. G. Rarity; J. L. O'Brien

2011-02-22T23:59:59.000Z

363

Development of Single Crystal Chemical Vapor Deposition Diamonds for Detector Applications  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Diamond was studied as a possible radiation hard technology for use in future high radiation environments. With the commissioning of the LHC expected in 2010, and the LHC upgrades expected in 2015, all LHC experiments are planning for detector upgrades which require radiation hard technologies. Chemical Vapor Deposition (CVD) diamond has now been used extensively in beam conditions monitors as the innermost detectors in the highest radiation areas of BaBar, Belle and CDF and is installed and operational in all LHC experiments. As a result, this material is now being discussed as an alternative sensor material for tracking very close to the interaction region of the super-LHC where the most extreme radiation conditions will exist. Our work addressed the further development of the new material, single-crystal Chemical Vapor Deposition diamond, towards reliable industrial production of large pieces and new geometries needed for detector applications.

Rainer Wallny

2012-10-15T23:59:59.000Z

364

Development of Single Crystal Chemical Vapor Deposition Diamonds for Detector Applications  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Diamond was studied as a possible radiation hard technology for use in future high radiation environments. With the commissioning of the LHC expected in 2009, and the LHC upgrades expected in 2013, all LHC experiments are planning for detector upgrades which require radiation hard technologies. Chemical Vapor Deposition (CVD) diamond has now been used extensively in beam conditions monitors as the innermost detectors in the highest radiation areas of BaBar, Belle and CDF and is installed in all LHC experiments. As a result, this material is now being discussed as an alternative sensor material for tracking very close to the interaction region of the super-LHC where the most extreme radiation conditions will exist. Our work addressed the further development of the new material, single-crystal Chemical Vapor Deposition diamond, towards reliable industrial production of large pieces and new geometries needed for detector applications.

Harris Kagan; K.K. Gan; Richard Kass

2009-03-31T23:59:59.000Z

365

Independent Oversight Review, Sodium Bearing Waste Treatment Project -  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Contractor - June 2012 Contractor - June 2012 Independent Oversight Review, Sodium Bearing Waste Treatment Project - Contractor - June 2012 June 2012 Review of the Sodium Bearing Waste Treatment Project - Integrated Waste Treatment Unit Contractor Operational Readiness Review This report documents the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office of Enforcement and Oversight (Independent Oversight), within the Office of Health, Safety and Security (HSS), independent review of the Sodium Bearing Waste Treatment Project-Integrated Waste Treatment Unit (SBWTP-IWTU) contractor Operational Readiness Review (C-ORR). The review was conducted at the Idaho Site from February 27 to March 6, 2012. This report discusses the background, scope, results, and conclusions of the review, as well as opportunities for improvement (OFIs) and items identified for further

366

Stailization, Packaging, and Storage of Plutonium-Bearing Materials  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

DOE-STD-3013-2012 MARCH 2012 DOE STANDARD STABILIZATION, PACKAGING, AND STORAGE OF PLUTONIUM-BEARING MATERIALS U.S. Department of Energy AREA PACK Washington, D.C. 20585 DISTRIBUTION STATEMENT A. Approved for public release; distribution is unlimited. TS Available on the Department of Energy Technical Standards Program Web site at http://www.hss.energy.gov/NuclearSafety/ns/techstds/ DOE-STD-3013-2012 iii ABSTRACT This Standard provides guidance for the stabilization, packaging, and safe storage of plutonium- bearing metals and oxides containing at least 30 wt% plutonium plus uranium. It supersedes DOE-STD-3013-2004, "Stabilization, Packaging, and Storage of Plutonium-Bearing Materials," and is approved for use by all DOE organizations and their contractors. Metals are stabilized by

367

Independent Oversight Review, Sodium Bearing Waste Treatment Project -  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Federal - June 2012 Federal - June 2012 Independent Oversight Review, Sodium Bearing Waste Treatment Project - Federal - June 2012 June 2012 Review of the Sodium Bearing Waste Treatment Project - Integrated Waste Treatment Unit Federal Operational Readiness Review This report documents the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office of Enforcement and Oversight (Independent Oversight), within the Office of Health, Safety and Security (HSS), independent review of the Sodium Bearing Waste Treatment Project-Integrated Waste Treatment Unit (SBWTP-IWTU) DOE (Federal) Operational Readiness Review (D-ORR). The review was performed by the HSS Office of Safety and Emergency Management Evaluations and was intended to assess the effectiveness of the CORR process as implemented for the SBWTP-IWTU. This review also provides additional data regarding

368

Levitation pressure and friction losses in superconducting bearings  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A superconducting bearing having at least one permanent magnet magnetized with a vertical polarization. The lower or stator portion of the bearing includes an array of high-temperature superconducting elements which are comprised of a plurality of annular rings. An annular ring is located below each permanent magnet and an annular ring is offset horizontally from at least one of the permanent magnets. The rings are composed of individual high-temperature superconducting elements located circumferentially along the ring. By constructing the horizontally-offset high-temperature superconducting ring so that the c-axis is oriented in a radial direction, a higher levitation force can be achieved. Such an orientation will also provide substantially lower rotational drag losses in the bearing.

Hull, John R. (Downers Grove, IL)

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

369

Photo-stimulated low electron temperature high current diamond film field emission cathode  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

An electron source includes a back contact surface having a means for attaching a power source to the back contact surface. The electron source also includes a layer comprising platinum in direct contact with the back contact surface, a composite layer of single-walled carbon nanotubes embedded in platinum in direct contact with the layer comprising platinum. The electron source also includes a nanocrystalline diamond layer in direct contact with the composite layer. The nanocrystalline diamond layer is doped with boron. A portion of the back contact surface is removed to reveal the underlying platinum. The electron source is contained in an evacuable container.

Shurter; Roger Philips (Los Alamos, NM), Devlin; David James (Santa Fe, NM), Moody; Nathan Andrew (Los Alamos, NM), Taccetti; Jose Martin (Santa Fe, NM), Russell; Steven John (Los Alamos, NM)

2012-07-24T23:59:59.000Z

370

4e-condensation in a fully frustrated Josephson junction diamond chain  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Fully frustrated one-dimensional diamond Josephson chains have been shown [B. Doucot and J. Vidal, Phys. Rev. Lett. 88, 227005 (2002)] to possess a remarkable property: The superfluid phase occurs through the condensation of pairs of Cooper pairs. By means of Monte Carlo simulations we analyze quantitatively the insulator to 4e-superfluid transition. We determine the location of the critical point and discuss the behavior of the phase-phase correlators. For comparison, we also present the case of a diamond chain at zero and 1/3 frustration where the standard 2e-condensation is observed.

Rizzi, Matteo [NEST CNR-INFM and Scuola Normale Superiore, Piazza dei Cavalieri 7, 56126 Pisa (Italy); Cataudella, Vittorio [COHERENTIA CNR-INFM and Dipartimento di Fisica, Universit Federico II, 80126 Napoli (Italy); Fazio, Rosario [NEST CNR-INFM and Scuola Normale Superiore, Piazza dei Cavalieri 7, 56126 Pisa (Italy); International School for Advanced Studies (SISSA), via Beirut 2-4, I-34014, Trieste (Italy)

2006-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

371

Synthesis of new Diamond-like B-C Phases under High Pressure and Temperatures  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A cubic BC3 (c-BC3) phase was synthesized by direct transformation from graphitic phases at a pressure of 39 GPa and temperature of 2200 K in a laser-heated diamond anvil cell (DAC). A combination of x-ray diffraction (XRD), electron diffraction (ED), transmission electron microscopy (TEM) imaging, and electron energy loss spectroscopy (EELS) measurements lead us to conclude that the obtained phase is hetero-nano-diamond, c-BC3. The EELS measurements show that the atoms inside the cubic structure are bonded by sp3 bonds.

Ming, L. C. [University of Hawaii] [University of Hawaii; Zinin, P. V. [University of Hawaii] [University of Hawaii; Sharma, S. K. [University of Hawaii] [University of Hawaii

2014-04-22T23:59:59.000Z

372

Field emission from bias-grown diamond thin films in a microwave plasma  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A method of producing diamond or diamond like films in which a negative bias is established on a substrate with an electrically conductive surface in a microwave plasma chemical vapor deposition system. The atmosphere that is subjected to microwave energy includes a source of carbon, nitrogen and hydrogen. The negative bias is maintained on the substrate through both the nucleation and growth phase of the film until the film is continuous. Biases between -100V and -200 are preferred. Carbon sources may be one or more of CH.sub.4, C.sub.2 H.sub.2 other hydrocarbons and fullerenes.

Gruen, Dieter M. (Downers Grove, IL); Krauss, Alan R. (Naperville, IL); Ding, Ming Q. (Beijing, CN); Auciello, Orlando (Bolinbrook, IL)

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

373

Design of flexible ultrahigh-Q microcavities in diamond-based photonic crystal slabs  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We design extremely flexible ultrahigh-Q diamond-based double-heterostructure photonic crystal slab cavities by modifying the refractive index of the diamond. The refractive index changes needed for ultrahigh-Q cavities with $Q ~ 10^7$, are well within what can be achieved ($\\Delta n \\sim 0.02$). The cavity modes have relatively small volumes $Vdesign is flexible because the range of parameters, cavity length and the index changes, that enables an ultrahigh-Q is quite broad. Furthermore as the index modification is post-processed, an efficient technique to generate cavities around defect centres is achievable, improving prospects for defect-tolerant quantum architectures.

Snjezana Tomljenovic-Hanic; Andrew D. Greentree; C. Martijn de Sterke; Steven Prawer

2008-12-10T23:59:59.000Z

374

Isotope engineering of silicon and diamond for quantum computing and sensing applications  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Some of the stable isotopes of silicon and carbon have zero nuclear spin, whereas many of the other elements that constitute semiconductors consist entirely of stable isotopes that have nuclear spins. Silicon and diamond crystals composed of nuclear-spin-free stable isotopes (Si-28, Si-30, or C-12) are considered to be ideal host matrixes to place spin quantum bits (qubits) for quntum computing and sensing applications because their coherent properties are not disrupted thanks to the absence of host nuclear spins. The present article describes the state-of-the-art and future perspective of silicon and diamond isotope engineering for development of quantum information processing devices.

Kohei M. Itoh; Hideyuki Watanabe

2014-10-15T23:59:59.000Z

375

Seismic base isolation: Elastomer characterization, bearing modeling and system response  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This paper discusses several major aspects of seismic base isolation systems that employ laminated elastomer bearings. Elastomer constitutive models currently being used to represent the nonlinear elastic and hysteretic behavior are discussed. Some aspects of mechanical characterization testing of elastomers is presented along with representative tests results. The development of a finite element based mesh generator for laminated elastomer bearings is presented. Recent advances in the simulation of base isolated structures to earthquake motions are presented along with a sample problem. 13 refs., 19 figs., 1 tab.

Kulak, R.F.; Wang, C.Y.; Hughes, T.H.

1991-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

376

Rotordynamic evaluation of a roughened-land hybrid bearing  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

in 0. 123 in 0. 177 in 30. 9% 990 3. Test Facility Description All the experiments were conducted in the Turbomachinery Laboratory at Texas A&M University, using the Hybrid-Bearing Test Facility funded by Rocketdyne, NASA, and the Texas Advanced... in 0. 123 in 0. 177 in 30. 9% 990 3. Test Facility Description All the experiments were conducted in the Turbomachinery Laboratory at Texas A&M University, using the Hybrid-Bearing Test Facility funded by Rocketdyne, NASA, and the Texas Advanced...

Fayolle, Patrice Gerard

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

377

Notes 06. Liquid cavitation in fluid film bearings  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

[s] U ?R. Journal surface speed [m/s] V dh/dt. Squeeze film velocity [m/s] X= ?R, y, z Coordinate system on plane of bearing ? ()/ cav ?? . Density ratio ? P ? ? ? ? . Liquid bulk-modulus [N/m 2 ] ? Liquid density [kg/m 3 ] cav... ? Density at Pcav [kg/m 3 ] ? Fluid absolute viscosity [N.s/m 2 ] ? Journal angular speed (rad/s) Subscripts * Inception of the cavitation zone a Ambient value cav Cavitation NOTES 6. CAVITATION IN LIQUID FILM BEARINGS. Dr. Luis San Andr?s ? 2009...

San Andres, Luis

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

378

The development of a bearing spectral analyzer and algorithms to detect turbopump bearing wear from deflectometer and strain gage data  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Over the last several years, Rocketdyne has actively developed condition and health monitoring techniques and their elements for rocket engine components, specifically high pressure turbopumps. Of key interest is the development of bearing signature analysis systems for real-time monitoring of the cryogen-cooled turbopump shaft bearings, which spin at speeds up to 36,000 RPM. These system elements include advanced bearing vibration sensors, signal processing techniques, wear mode algorithms, and integrated control software. Results of development efforts in the areas of signal processing and wear mode identification and quantification algorithms based on strain gage and deflectometer data are presented. Wear modes investigated include: inner race wear, cage pocket wear, outer race wear, differential ball wear, cracked inner race, and nominal wear. 4 refs.

Martinez, C.L. (Rockwell International Corp., Rocketdyne Div., Canoga Park, CA (United States))

1992-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

379

Force and Stiffness of Passive Magnetic Bearings Using Permanent Magnets.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 Force and Stiffness of Passive Magnetic Bearings Using Permanent Magnets. Part 2 : Radial Magnetization R. Ravaud, G. Lemarquand, V. Lemarquand Abstract This paper deals with the calculation of the force and the stiffness between two ring permanent magnets whose polarization is radial

Boyer, Edmond

380

Optimization of superconducting tiling pattern for superconducting bearings  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

An apparatus and method for reducing magnetic field inhomogeneities which produce rotational loss mechanisms in high temperature superconducting magnetic bearings are disclosed. Magnetic field inhomogeneities are reduced by dividing high temperature superconducting structures into smaller structures, and arranging the smaller structures into tiers which stagger the magnetic field maximum locations of the smaller structures. 20 figs.

Hull, J.R.

1996-09-17T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "diamond thrust bearings" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


381

Rotordynamic evaluation of a tangential-injection hybrid bearing  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, and Cre = 0.001 . Data are presented for 550C water at three speeds out to 25000 rpm and three pressures out to 7.0 MPa. Compared to a radial-injection hybrid bearing, experiments show injection against rotation enhances stability, yielding reductions...

Laurant, Franck Jean

1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

382

Standards opportunities around data-bearing Web pages  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...Articles 1003 182 Discussion Meeting Issue Web science: a new frontier organized and edited...Standards opportunities around data-bearing Web pages David Karger e-mail: karger@mit...contribution of 15 to a Discussion Meeting Issue Web science: a new frontier . The evolving...

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

383

Do bears facilitate transfer of salmon resources to aquatic macroinvertebrates?  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

- tigated whether foraging activities of bears facilitate growth of stream invertebrates by increasing scavengers are likely highly patchy in time and space. Résumé : Dans les régions côtières pacifiques du nord

Palen, Wendy J.

384

Optimization of superconducting tiling pattern for superconducting bearings  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

An apparatus and method for reducing magnetic field inhomogeneities which produce rotational loss mechanisms in high temperature superconducting magnetic bearings. Magnetic field inhomogeneities are reduced by dividing high temperature superconducting structures into smaller structures, and arranging the smaller structures into tiers which stagger the magnetic field maximum locations of the smaller structures.

Hull, John R. (Hinsdale, IL)

1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

385

Waste Isolation Pilot Plant Nitrate Salt Bearing Waste Container  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

HEPA filtration. On April 11, 2014, in anticipation of investigation of the source of a radiological on the possibility that a container of inadequately remediated nitrate salt bearing waste had caused the release and is the most Page 1 of 17 #12;likely source of the release. Further investigation is underway to determine

Napp, Nils

386

Correspondence Laboratory observations of debris-bearing ice facies frozen  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, others argue that supercooling is not the only mechanism for producing thick basal ice sequencesCorrespondence Laboratory observations of debris-bearing ice facies frozen from supercooled water. Supercooling has been invoked to explain anomalously thick basal ice sequences beneath temperate glaciers

Knight, Peter G.

387

PRESSURE DEVELOPMENT IN SEALED CONTAINERS WITH PLUTONIUM BEARING MATERIALS  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Gas generation by plutonium-bearing materials in sealed containers has been studied. The gas composition and pressure are determined over periods from months to years. The Pu-bearing materials studied represent those produced by all of the major processes used by DOE in the processing of plutonium and include the maximum amount of water (0.5% by weight) allowed by DOE's 3013 Standard. Hydrogen generation is of high interest and the Pu-bearing materials can be classed according to how much hydrogen is generated. Hydrogen generation by high-purity plutonium oxides packaged under conditions typical for actual 3013 materials is minimal, with very low generation rates and low equilibrium pressures. Materials with chloride salt impurities have much higher hydrogen gas generation rates and result in the highest observed equilibrium hydrogen pressures. Other materials such as those with high metal oxide impurities generate hydrogen at rates in between these extremes. The fraction of water that is converted to hydrogen gas as equilibrium is approached ranges from 0% to 25% under conditions typical of materials packaged to the 3013 Standard. Generation of both hydrogen and oxygen occurs when liquid water is present. The material and moisture conditions that result in hydrogen and oxygen generation for high-purity plutonium oxide and chloride salt-bearing plutonium oxide materials have been characterized. Other gases that are observed include nitrous oxide, carbon dioxide, carbon monoxide, and methane.

Duffey, J.; Livingston, R.

2010-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

388

Spectroscopic Evidence for Uranium Bearing Precipitates in Vadose Zone  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Spectroscopic Evidence for Uranium Bearing Precipitates in Vadose Zone Sediments at the Hanford 300, Advanced Light Source, One Cyclotron Road, Berkeley, California 94720, United States Geological Survey Northwest Laboratory, Richland, Washington 99352 Uranium (U) solid-state speciation in vadose zone sediments

389

The Energy Expenditure of Rats Bearing Walker Carcinoma 256  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...the law of conservation of energy holds true for the animal body...010 0.010 0.100 731 The Energy Expenditure of Rats Bearing...product which is difficult to mix. Samples to be burned were...nitro.. Mmir@iiet al. "Energy Expenditure of Tumorous Rats...

G. B. Mider; L. D. Fenninger; F. L. Haven; and J. J. Morton

1951-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

390

Thermal conductance of metal-diamond interfaces at high pressure Gregory T. Hohensee  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

are concerned with the exchange of thermal energy across an interface between two materials. This topic-nonmetal interface, a two-temperature model predicts a thermal resistance of Rep = 1/ gL in series with the phononThermal conductance of metal-diamond interfaces at high pressure Gregory T. Hohensee Department

Cahill, David G.

391

Microcrystalline diamond micromechanical resonators with quality factor limited by thermoelastic damping  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

material. For this reason, materials that have low thermal expansion coefficient and high thermal having the highest thermal conductivity (j ¼ 2200 W m�1 K�1 ) of any material at room temperature, a very measurements show thermal conductivity of 110 W m�1 K�1 for heat transport through the thickness of the diamond

Lin, Liwei

392

The Ising model for the bcc, fcc and diamond lattices; a P. H. Lundow,1,  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The Ising model for the bcc, fcc and diamond lattices; a comparison P. H. Lundow,1, K. Markstr scale Monte Carlo simulation study of the Ising model for the simple cubic lattice was recently The Ising model was formulated as a model for a uniaxial magnetic system and has become one of the most

Markström, Klas

393

Charge Transfer Equilibria Between Diamond and an Aqueous Oxygen Electrochemical Redox Couple  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...exposed to humid atmospheres are common (16...high–surface area diamond powder to small...acidity is generated by atmospheric CO 2 . In this case, the...45-GHz microwave plasma reactor supporting...coupled 13.56-MHz plasma reactor at...electrons leads to large changes...

Vidhya Chakrapani; John C. Angus; Alfred B. Anderson; Scott D. Wolter; Brian R. Stoner; Gamini U. Sumanasekera

2007-11-30T23:59:59.000Z

394

Growth zoning and strain patterns inside diamond crystals as revealed by Raman maps  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...graphite inclusions and their surrounding diamond, including synchroton micro-analysis, is currently in process. The formation...Journal of Superhard Materials, 24, 44-52. Liu, Z., Wang, L., Zhao, Y., Cui, Q., and Zou, G. (1990) High-pressure...

Lutz Nasdala; Wolfgang Hofmeister; Jeffrey W. Harris; Jürgen Glinnemann

395

Porous Boron-Doped Diamond/Carbon Nanotube Electrodes H. Zanin,*,  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

with BDD (large potential window, chemical inertness, low background levels), but also they have application in electronics and sensors, such B-doped diamond (BDD) films are increasingly being used and a very low background current, in addition to chemical and physical stability.7 Planar BDD electrodes

Bristol, University of

396

CVD Diamond Detectors for Current Mode Neutron Time-of-Flight Spectroscopy at OMEGA/NIF  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We have performed pulsed neutron and pulsed laser tests of a CVD diamond detector manufactured from DIAFILM, a commercial grade of CVD diamond. The laser tests were performed at the short pulse UV laser at Bechtel Nevada in Livermore, CA. The pulsed neutrons were provided by DT capsule implosions at the OMEGA laser fusion facility in Rochester, NY. From these tests, we have determined the impulse response to be 250 ps fwhm for an applied E-field of 500 V/mm. Additionally, we have determined the sensitivity to be 2.4 mA/W at 500 V/mm and 4.0 mA/W at 1000 V/mm. These values are approximately 2 to 5x times higher than those reported for natural Type IIa diamond at similar E-field and thickness (1mm). These characteristics allow us to conceive of a neutron time-of-flight current mode spectrometer based on CVD diamond. Such an instrument would sit inside the laser fusion target chamber close to target chamber center (TCC), and would record neutron spectra fast enough such that backscattered neutrons and x-rays from the target chamber wall would not be a concern. The acquired neutron spectra could then be used to extract DD fuel areal density from the downscattered secondary to secondary ratio.

G. J. Schmid; V. Yu. Glebov; A. V. Friensehner; D. R. Hargrove; S. P. Hatchett; N. Izumi; R. A. Lerche; T. W. Phillips; T. C. Sangster; C. Silbernagel; C. Stoecki

2001-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

397

Coherent interference effects in a nano-assembled diamond NV center  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

-Packard Laboratories, 1501 Page Mill Rd, Palo Alto, CA 94304, USA Presently with Hewlett-Packard Laboratories, 1501 Page Mill Rd, Palo Alto, CA 94304, USA paul.barclay@hp.com Abstract: Diamond nanocrystals containing NV, P. Olivero, A. D. Greentree, S. Prawer, F. Jelezko, and P. Hemmer, "Coherent Population Trapping

Painter, Oskar

398

Poly(phenylcarbyne): A Polymer Precursor to Diamond-Like Carbon  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...diamond-like carbon by the atmospheric pressure decomposition...therefore favored even at atmospheric pres-sure. High molecular...14. In an inert atmosphere glovebox equipped with...intensity (475 W, 20 kHz, and 0.5-inch tip...for 1:1H NMR (200 MHz, CDCI3): 8 = 7...

Glenn T. Visscher; David C. Nesting; John V. Badding; Patricia A. Bianconi

1993-06-04T23:59:59.000Z

399

High-Sensitivity Temperature Sensing Using an Implanted Single Nitrogen-Vacancy Center Array in Diamond  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We presented a high-sensitivity temperature detection using an implanted single Nitrogen-Vacancy center array in diamond. The high-order Thermal Carr-Purcell-Meiboom-Gill (TCPMG) method was performed on the implanted single nitrogen vacancy (NV) center in diamond in a static magnetic field. We demonstrated that under small detunings for the two driving microwave frequencies, the oscillation frequency of the induced fluorescence of the NV center equals approximately to the average of the detunings of the two driving fields. On basis of the conclusion, the zero-field splitting D for the NV center and the corresponding temperature could be determined. The experiment showed that the coherence time for the high-order TCPMG was effectively extended, particularly up to 108 {\\mu}s for TCPMG-8, about 14 times of the value 7.7 {\\mu}s for thermal Ramsey method. This coherence time corresponded to a thermal sensitivity of 10.1 mK/Hz1/2. We also detected the temperature distribution on the surface of a diamond chip in three different circumstances by using the implanted NV center array with the TCPMG-3 method. The experiment implies the feasibility for using implanted NV centers in high-quality diamonds to detect temperatures in biology, chemistry, material science and microelectronic system with high-sensitivity and nanoscale resolution.

Junfeng Wang; Fupan Feng; Jian Zhang; Jihong Chen; Zhongcheng Zheng; Liping Guo; Wenlong Zhang; Xuerui Song; Guoping Guo; Lele Fan; Chongwen Zou; Liren Lou; Wei Zhu; Guanzhong Wang

2014-10-25T23:59:59.000Z

400

Studies of n-type doping and surface modification of CVD diamond for use  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Studies of n-type doping and surface modification of CVD diamond for use in thermionic applications the investigation of potential shallow n-type donors that are candidates to be used as thermionic emitters for converting solar energy to electrical energy. Due to the various problems associated with current n

Bristol, University of

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "diamond thrust bearings" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


401

Advances in PSII Deposited Diamond-Like Carbon Coatings for Use as a Corrosion Barrier  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Advances in PSII Deposited Diamond-Like Carbon Coatings for Use as a Corrosion Barrier R. S to improve corrosion resistance, however, the necessary organometallics needed to implant these materials to produce an adherent, hard, wear and, corrosion-resistant coating plays a vital role. These applications

402

Slide diamond burnishing of tool steels with adhesive coatings and diffusion layers  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Slide diamond burnishing of tool steels with adhesive coatings and diffusion layers W. Brostow*1 with a scratch tester. A combination of both approaches, slide burnishing with hard chrome coating and/or slide in manufacturing tools and structural elements in automotive and aerospace industries. Keywords: Tool steels, Slide

North Texas, University of

403

Automated Testing of HVAC Systems for Commissioning Tim Salsbury and Rick Diamond  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Automated Testing of HVAC Systems for Commissioning Tim Salsbury and Rick Diamond Lawrence Berkeley of the commissioning of HVAC systems. The approach is based on software that generates a sequence of test signals for new and retrofit projects. Introduction The performance of many HVAC systems is limited more by poor

Diamond, Richard

404

Graphene-on-Diamond Devices with Increased Current-Carrying Capacity: Carbon sp2  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Graphene-on-Diamond Devices with Increased Current-Carrying Capacity: Carbon sp2 -on-sp3 Technology Laboratory, Illinois 60439, United States *S Supporting Information ABSTRACT: Graphene demonstrated potential for practical applications owing to its excellent electronic and thermal properties. Typical graphene field

405

X-Ray Diamond Anvil Cell Facility at NSLS: 2010 Progress Report  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

X-Ray Diamond Anvil Cell Facility at NSLS: 2010 Progress Report Zhiqiang ChenZhiqiang Chen Stony) Powder X-ray Diffraction, Total Scattering Pair-Distributiony , g Function (PDF) under high P and high, yield strength, amorphization, texturing, compressibility Hydrothermal DAC (Bassett) Angle Dispersive X-ray

Duffy, Thomas S.

406

Diamonds as timing detectors for MIP: The HADES proton-beam monitor and start detectors  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This paper gives an overview of a recent development of measuring time of flight of minimum-ionizing particles (MIP) with mono-crystalline diamond detectors. The application in the HADES spectrometer as well as test results obtained with proton beams are discussed.

J. Pietraszko; L. Fabbietti; W. Koenig

2009-11-02T23:59:59.000Z

407

Diamonds as timing detectors for MIP: The HADES proton-beam monitor and start detectors  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This paper gives an overview of a recent development of measuring time of flight of minimum-ionizing particles (MIP) with mono-crystalline diamond detectors. The application in the HADES spectrometer as well as test results obtained with proton beams are discussed.

,

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

408

Beijing Jingye Bearing Manufacture for Rolling Mills Co Ltd | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Jingye Bearing Manufacture for Rolling Mills Co Ltd Jingye Bearing Manufacture for Rolling Mills Co Ltd Jump to: navigation, search Name Beijing Jingye Bearing Manufacture for Rolling Mills Co Ltd Place Beijing Municipality, China Sector Wind energy Product Beijing-based wind turbine bearing maker. References Beijing Jingye Bearing Manufacture for Rolling Mills Co Ltd[1] LinkedIn Connections CrunchBase Profile No CrunchBase profile. Create one now! This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by expanding it. Beijing Jingye Bearing Manufacture for Rolling Mills Co Ltd is a company located in Beijing Municipality, China . References ↑ "Beijing Jingye Bearing Manufacture for Rolling Mills Co Ltd" Retrieved from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=Beijing_Jingye_Bearing_Manufacture_for_Rolling_Mills_Co_Ltd&oldid=342621

409

Analysis of electrical signatures in synchronous generators characterized by bearing faults  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Synchronous generators play a vital role in power systems. One of the major mechanical faults in synchronous generators is related to bearings. The popular vibration analysis method has been utilized to detect bearing faults for years. However...

Choi, Jae-Won

2009-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

410

Bearing options, including design and testing, for direct drive linear generators in wave energy converters   

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The key focus of this research was to investigate the bearing options most suited to operation in a novel direct drive linear generator. This was done through bearing comparisons, modelling and testing. It is fundamental ...

Caraher, Sarah

2011-11-22T23:59:59.000Z

411

E-Print Network 3.0 - alumina-on-polyethylene bearing surfaces...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

on-polyethylene bearing surfaces Search Powered by Explorit Topic List Advanced Search Sample search results for: alumina-on-polyethylene bearing surfaces Page: << < 1 2 3 4 5 > >>...

412

A Novel Computational Model for Tilting Pad Journal Bearings with Soft Pivot Stiffnesses  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A novel tilting pad journal bearing model including pivot flexibility as well as temporal fluid inertia effects on the thin film fluid flow aims to accurately predict the bearing forced performance. The predictive model also accounts for the thermal...

Tao, Yujiao 1988-

2012-12-10T23:59:59.000Z

413

Effect of Cooling Flow on the Operation of a Hot Rotor-Gas Foil Bearing System  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Gas foil bearings (GFBs) operating at high temperature rely on thermal management procedures that supply needed cooling flow streams to keep the bearing and rotor from overheating. Poor thermal management not only makes systems inefficient...

Ryu, Keun

2012-02-14T23:59:59.000Z

414

-Omics and Cancer Biomarkers: Link to the Biological Truth or Bear the Consequences  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...Link to the Biological Truth or Bear the Consequences Lance A. Liotta Emanuel...prediction can change as a consequence of cellular hypoxia, acidosis...link to the biological truth or bear the consequences. | Editorial

Lance A. Liotta and Emanuel F. Petricoin III

2012-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

415

Advances in hybrid water-lubricated journal bearings for use in ocean vessels  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The outboard bearings that support shafts in naval ships and submarines present unique challenges to designers, shipbuilders, and operators. Such bearings must operate continuously and reliably in demanding environments ...

Heberley, Brian Douglas

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

416

ME 379M Lubrication, Wear, and Bearing Technology ABET EC2000 syllabus  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

ME 379M � Lubrication, Wear, and Bearing Technology Page 1 ABET EC2000 syllabus ME 379M � Lubrication, Wear, and Bearing Technology Spring 2010 Required or Elective: Elective 2008-2010 Catalog Data: Topics may vary: Lubrication, Wear, and Bearing Technology Prerequisite(s): Admission to the Major

Ben-Yakar, Adela

417

Bearing Fault Detection in DFIG-Based Wind Turbines Using the First Intrinsic Mode Function  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Bearing Fault Detection in DFIG-Based Wind Turbines Using the First Intrinsic Mode Function Y for bearing fault detection in DFIG-based wind turbines. The proposed method uses the first Intrinsic Mode Terms--Wind turbine, Doubly Fed Induction Generator (DFIG), fault detection, bearings, signal processing

Boyer, Edmond

418

Preliminary relative permeability estimates of methanehydrate-bearing sand  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The relative permeability to fluids in hydrate-bearing sediments is an important parameter for predicting natural gas production from gas hydrate reservoirs. We estimated the relative permeability parameters (van Genuchten alpha and m) in a hydrate-bearing sand by means of inverse modeling, which involved matching water saturation predictions with observations from a controlled waterflood experiment. We used x-ray computed tomography (CT) scanning to determine both the porosity and the hydrate and aqueous phase saturation distributions in the samples. X-ray CT images showed that hydrate and aqueous phase saturations are non-uniform, and that water flow focuses in regions of lower hydrate saturation. The relative permeability parameters were estimated at two locations in each sample. Differences between the estimated parameter sets at the two locations were attributed to heterogeneity in the hydrate saturation. Better estimates of the relative permeability parameters require further refinement of the experimental design, and better description of heterogeneity in the numerical inversions.

Seol, Yongkoo; Kneafsey, Timothy J.; Tomutsa, Liviu; Moridis,George J.

2006-05-08T23:59:59.000Z

419

Structural durability validation of bearing girders in marine Diesel engines  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The aim is to present the state-of-the-art methodology for structural durability evaluation of marine Diesel engines bearing girders and to describe the responsibility of engine designers, manufacturers and system suppliers. A real example of several engines of the same type, where fatigue cracks arose in certain areas of their bearing girders, has been presented. The extensive investigation revealed the cause of the damage. The proper design was proved by properly implemented state-of-the-art design methods and by experimental verification of calculations in two ships. Quality and test specifications prescribed by the licensor have been found correct. It is concluded that the damage cause was the impermissible quality of worldwide manufacture and improper production repair welding during manufacture.

Vatroslav Grubiši?; Nenad Vuli?; Samuel Sönnichsen

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

420

Sodium-Bearing Waste Treatment, Applied Technology Plan  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Settlement Agreement between the Department of Energy and the State of Idaho mandates treatment of sodium-bearing waste at the Idaho Nuclear Technology and Engineering Center within the Idaho National Engineering and Environmental Laboratory. One of the requirements of the Settlement Agreement is to complete treatment of sodium-bearing waste by December 31, 2012. Applied technology activities are required to provide the data necessary to complete conceptual design of four identified alternative processes and to select the preferred alternative. To provide a technically defensible path forward for the selection of a treatment process and for the collection of needed data, an applied technology plan is required. This document presents that plan, identifying key elements of the decision process and the steps necessary to obtain the required data in support of both the decision and the conceptual design. The Sodium-Bearing Waste Treatment Applied Technology Plan has been prepared to provide a description/roadmap of the treatment alternative selection process. The plan details the results of risk analyzes and the resulting prioritized uncertainties. It presents a high-level flow diagram governing the technology decision process, as well as detailed roadmaps for each technology. The roadmaps describe the technical steps necessary in obtaining data to quantify and reduce the technical uncertainties associated with each alternative treatment process. This plan also describes the final products that will be delivered to the Department of Energy Idaho Operations Office in support of the office's selection of the final treatment technology.

Lance Lauerhass; Vince C. Maio; S. Kenneth Merrill; Arlin L. Olson; Keith J. Perry

2003-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "diamond thrust bearings" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


421

Disturbance Rejection Control of an Electromagnetic Bearing Spindle  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The force exerted on the rotor by an active magnetic bearing (AMB) is determined by the current flow in the magnet coils. This force can be controlled very precisely, making magnetic bearings a potential benefit for grinding, where cutting forces act as external disturbances on the shaft, resulting in degraded part finish. It is possible to achieve precise shaft positioning, reduce vibration of the shaft caused by external disturbances, and even damp out resonant modes. Adaptive control is an appealing approach for these systems because the controller can tune itself to account for an unknown periodic disturbance, such as cutting or grinding forces, injected into the system. In this paper the authors show how one adaptive control algorithm can be applied to an AMB system with a periodic disturbance applied to the rotor. An adaptive algorithm was developed and implemented in both simulation and hardware, yielding significant reductions in rotor displacement in the presence of an external excitation. Ultimately, this type of algorithm could be applied to a magnetic bearing grinder to reduce unwanted motion of the spindle which leads to poor part finish and chatter.

PETTEYS,REBECCA; PARKER,GORDON

2000-08-31T23:59:59.000Z

422

Carbon nanotunnels form from single-walled carbon nanotubes interacting with a diamond (100)-(2 X 1) surface.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A quantum chemical study of the interaction of (5,5), (7,7), (9,9) and (8,0) single-walled carbon nanotubes with a clean (100)-(2 x 1) diamond surface is reported. Stable structures with covalent bonds at the interface were found for carbon nanotubes oriented parallel or perpendicular to the dimer rows on the reconstructed (100) surface. The binding energy of the most stable (5,5) nanotube-diamond structure is 1.7 eV/{angstrom}, and is attributed to strong covalent bonds formed between the carbon nanotube and the diamond surface. The structure of the nanotube is distorted by adsorption on the surface such that it adopts a tunnel-like geometry. Two other nanotunnel geometries were found for the (5,5) nanotube, with binding energies of 1.39 and 1.09 eV/{angstrom}. In the most stable (5,5) nanotube-diamond structure the interaction between the nanotube and the diamond surface produces a 0.6 eV band gap near the Fermi level, but the metallic character of the nanotube is maintained in the two other, less strongly bound nanotunnel structures. No charge transfer occurs between the diamond surface and the nanotunnels in any of the three orientations. Binding energies decrease with increases in tube diameter, to the extent that one of the three nanotunnel structures is not formed by (9,9) carbon nanotubes.

Horner, D. A.; Sternberg, M.; Zapol, P.; Curtiss, L. A. (Center for Nanoscale Materials); ( MSD); (North Central Coll.)

2011-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

423

High-Speed Shaft Bearing Loads Testing and Modeling in the NREL Gearbox Reliability Collaborative: Preprint  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Bearing failures in the high speed output stage of the gearbox are plaguing the wind turbine industry. Accordingly, the National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) Gearbox Reliability Collaborative (GRC) has performed an experimental and theoretical investigation of loads within these bearings. The purpose of this paper is to describe the instrumentation, calibrations, data post-processing and initial results from this testing and modeling effort. Measured HSS torque, bending, and bearing loads are related to model predictions. Of additional interest is examining if the shaft measurements can be simply related to bearing load measurements, eliminating the need for invasive modifications of the bearing races for such instrumentation.

McNiff, B.; Guo, Y.; Keller, J.; Sethuraman, L.

2014-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

424

A New Gas Loading System for Diamond Anvil Cells at GSECARS  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Sidorowicz Named "Supervisor of the Year" Sidorowicz Named "Supervisor of the Year" SESS 2007: The School for Environmental Sciences with Synchrotrons Art and Science A Breakthrough in Interface Science APS News Archives: 2012 | 2011 | 2010 | 2009 2008 | 2007 | 2006 | 2005 2004 | 2003 | 2002 | 2001 2000 Subscribe to APS News rss feed A New Gas Loading System for Diamond Anvil Cells at GSECARS MARCH 11, 2008 Bookmark and Share The diamond anvil cell (DAC) is the most commonly used device for obtaining static high pressures above 3 GPa. Experiments in the DAC are frequently performed at the APS, in particular at GSECARS (Sector 13), HP-CAT (Sector 16), and at XOR sectors 1 and 3. In order to have the sample in the DAC be subject to a quasi-hydrostatic pressure it is necessary to surround the

425

Dented Diamonds, Carbon Cages and Exceptional Potential | U.S. DOE Office  

Office of Science (SC) Website

News » Featured Articles » 2012 » Dented News » Featured Articles » 2012 » Dented Diamonds, Carbon Cages and Exceptional Potential News Featured Articles 2014 2013 2012 2011 2010 2009 2008 2007 2006 2005 Science Headlines Presentations & Testimony News Archives Contact Information Office of Science U.S. Department of Energy 1000 Independence Ave., SW Washington, DC 20585 P: (202) 586-5430 08.27.12 Dented Diamonds, Carbon Cages and Exceptional Potential Office of Science supported researchers develop new material with amazing hardness and exciting possibilities. Print Text Size: A A A Subscribe FeedbackShare Page Click to enlarge photo. Enlarge Photo Simulated structures showing the starting material of carbon-60 Image courtesy of Carnegie Institute of Washington Simulated structures showing the starting material of carbon-60

426

Fluorinated diamond thin films for tribological applications. Final report, April-October 1989  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Diamond (100) substrates have been fluorinated with both atomic and molecular fluorine under ultrahigh vacuum conditions using molecular beams. X-ray photoelectron spectra of the resulting samples indicate that atomic fluorine, F, reacts with an initial accommodation coefficient of 0.25 (+ or - 0.1) at 298 K; a saturation coverage of about three quarters of a monolayer is obtained. The carbon fluoride adlayer is thermally stable to 700 K, but slowly desorbs at temperatures above this. In contrast, molecular fluorine, F2, reacts quite slowly; a saturation coverage of less than one fifth of a monolayer after several hundred monolayers exposure to F2 at temperatures from 300 K to 700 K is achieved. In addition, diamond substrates saturated with fluorine atoms showed no loss of fluorine after exposure to beams of H2 and O2 at temperatures between 300 K and 700 K.

Freedman, A.; Stinespring, C.

1990-01-04T23:59:59.000Z

427

Spectrally dependent photovoltages in Schottky photodiode based on (100) B-doped diamond  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Spectrally and spatially resolved photovoltages were measured by Kelvin probe force microscopy (KPFM) on a Schottky photo-diode made of a 4?nm thin tungsten-carbide (WC) layer on a 500?nm oxygen-terminated boron-doped diamond epitaxial layer (O-BDD) that was grown on a Ib (100) diamond substrate. The diode was grounded by the sideways ohmic contact (Ti/WC), and the semitransparent Schottky contact was let unconnected. The electrical potentials across the device were measured in dark (only 650?nm LED of KPFM being on), under broad-band white light (halogen lamp), UV (365?nm diode), and deep ultraviolet (deuterium lamp) illumination. Illumination induced shift of the electrical potential remains within 210?mV. We propose that the photovoltage actually corresponds to a shift of Fermi level inside the BDD channel and thereby explains orders of magnitude changes in photocurrent.

?ermák, Jan, E-mail: cermakj@fzu.cz; Rezek, Bohuslav [Institute of Physics, Academy of Sciences of the Czech Republic, Cukrovarnická 10, 16200 Prague 6 (Czech Republic); Koide, Yasuo [Sensor Materials Center, National Institute for Material Science (NIMS), 1-1 Namiki, Tsukuba 305-0044 (Japan); Takeuchi, Daisuke [Energy Technology Research Institute, National Institute of Advanced Industrial Science and Technology (AIST), 1-1-1 Umezono, Tsukuba 305-8568 (Japan)

2014-02-07T23:59:59.000Z

428

Ultrafast electronic read-out of diamond NV centers coupled to graphene  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Nonradiative transfer processes are often regarded as loss channels for an optical emitter1, since they are inherently difficult to be experimentally accessed. Recently, it has been shown that emitters, such as fluorophores and nitrogen vacancy centers in diamond, can exhibit a strong nonradiative energy transfer to graphene. So far, the energy of the transferred electronic excitations has been considered to be lost within the electron bath of the graphene. Here, we demonstrate that the trans-ferred excitations can be read-out by detecting corresponding currents with picosecond time resolution. We electrically detect the spin of nitrogen vacancy centers in diamond electronically and con-trol the nonradiative transfer to graphene by electron spin resonance. Our results open the avenue for incorporating nitrogen vacancy centers as spin qubits into ultrafast electronic circuits and for harvesting non-radiative transfer processes electronically.

Brenneis, Andreas; Seifert, Max; Karl, Helmut; Brandt, Martin S; Huebl, Hans; Garrido, Jose A; Koppens, Frank H L; Holleitner, Alexander W

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

429

Diamond X-ray photodiode for white and monochromatic SR beams  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

High-purity, single-crystal CVD diamond plates are screened for quality and instrumented into a sensor assembly for quantitative characterization of flux and position sensitivity. Initial investigations have yielded encouraging results and have led to further development. Several limiting complications are observed and discussed, as well as mitigations thereof. For example, diamond quality requirements for X-ray diodes include low nitrogen impurity and crystallographic defectivity. Thin electrode windows and electronic readout performance are ultimately also critical to device performance. Promising features observed so far from prototype devices include calculable responsivity, flux linearity, position sensitivity and timing performance. Recent results from testing in high-flux and high-speed applications are described.

Keister, J.W.; Heroux, A.; Smedley, J.; Muller, E. M.; Bohon, J.

2011-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

430

Diamond pixel detector for beam profile monitoring in COMET experiment at J-PARC  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We present the design and initial prototype results of a pixellized proton beam profile monitor for the COMET experiment at J-PARC. The goal of COMET is to look for charged lepton flavor violation by direct muon to electron conversion at a sensitivity of $0^{-19}$. An 8 GeV proton beam pulsed at 100 ns with $10^{10}$ protons/s will be used to create muons through pion production and decay. In the final experiment, the proton flux will be raised to $10^{14}$ protons/sec to increase the sensitivity. These requirements of harsh radiation tolerance and fast readout make diamond a good choice for constructing a beam profile monitor in COMET. We present first results of the characterization of single crystal diamond (scCVD) sourced from a new company, 2a systems Singapore. Our measurements indicate excellent charge collection efficiency and high carrier mobility down to cryogenic temperatures.

Cerv, M; Pernegger, H; Vageesvaran, P; Griesmayer, E

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

431

Petroleum geochemistry of Texas and Oklahoma oils along the Marathon—Ouachita fold-thrust belt, south-central U.S.A.  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The Marathon uplifit of west Texas and the Ouachita Mountains of Oklahoma and Arkansas comprise the surface expressions of a Paleozoic orogenic belt extending across the south-central U.S.A. A century of petroleum exploration in the Marathons and Ouachitas has yielded several oil discoveries. In this study, detailed molecular, elemental and isotopic data are presented for 9 Texas oils, 5 Oklahoma oils and 4 Oklahoma solid bitumens, all associated with thrust belt rocks of west Texas and southeast Oklahoma. Oil-oil correlations are proposed, and the character of the organic matter in the source rock(s) is inferred from knowledge of the oil chemistry. At least 16 of the 18 Marathon-Ouachita fold-thrust belt oils/solid bitumens originate from the same (or very similar) organic facies, despite a geographic separation along the fold-thrust belt of > 700 mi (? 1125 km). Many of the chemical differences in these samples derive from secondary effects, including biodegradation (e.g., solid bitumens) and differing levels of thermal maturity. The occurrence of unusual chemical compounds (e.g., 25,28,30-trisnorhopane) in some samples indicates the presence of anaerobic bacteria in isolated locales during deposition. Isotopic variability, when interpreted in light of near-constant molecular composition in the oils and an extensive period of early Paleozoic “starved trough” source-rock deposition, implies that these oils originate from rocks of similar organic facies, with source-rock ages ranging from Devonian through Ordovician. Previous literature suggests either a Devonian or an Ordovician source for these oils; molecular and isotopic data of the present study do not allow a distinction to be made. These results, when interpreted in terms of depositional patterns during early Paleozoic time, suggest that oil source rocks and the Marathon-Ouachita fold-thrust belt oil type may be present in the subsurface of central and east-central Texas.

Joseph A. Curiale

1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

432

A survey of ideal fluid propeller theories and a study of the effects of aerodynamic propeller loading on trailing vortex induced velocity and thrust  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A SURVEY OF IDEAL FLUID PRO~ THEORIES AND A STUIE OP THE EFFECTS OF AERODYNAMIC PRO~ LOADING ON TRAILING VORTEX INDUCED VELOCITY AND THRUST A Thesis EDWARD MADISON ~ Suhmitted to the Graduate College of Texas A&M University in Partial... fulfillment of the requirement for the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE August 1969 h'h, jor Suhgect: Mechanical Engineering A SURVEY OF IDEAL FLUID PROPELLEB THEORIES AND A STUDY OF THE EFFKTS OF AERODYKVGC PROPELLER LOADING ON TRAILING VORTEX INDUCED...

Kelley, Edward Madison

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

433

Three-Dimensional Nonlinear Lattices: From Oblique Vortices and Octupoles to Discrete Diamonds and Vortex Cubes  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We construct a variety of novel localized topological structures in the 3D discrete nonlinear Schrödinger equation. The states can be created in Bose-Einstein condensates trapped in strong optical lattices and crystals built of microresonators. These new structures, most of which have no counterparts in lower dimensions, range from multipole patterns and diagonal vortices to vortex “cubes” (stack of two quasiplanar vortices) and “diamonds” (formed by two orthogonal vortices).

R. Carretero-González; P. G. Kevrekidis; B. A. Malomed; D. J. Frantzeskakis

2005-05-23T23:59:59.000Z

434

Characterization and tribological application of diamond-like carbon (DLC) films prepared by radio-frequency plasma-enhanced chemical vapor deposition (RF-PECVD) technique  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Diamond-like carbon (DLC) films were successfully prepared on glass substrates and surfaces of selenium drums via radio frequency plasma enhanced chemical vapor deposition method. The...

Ning Cao; Zhen-yi Fei; Yong-xin Qi; Wen-wen Chen…

2009-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

435

Signal transduction and conversion with color centers in diamond and piezo-elements  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The ability to measure weak signals such as pressure, force, electric field, and temperature with nanoscale devices and high spatial resolution offers a wide range of applications in fundamental and applied sciences. Here we present a proposal for a hybrid device composed of thin film layers of diamond with color centers implanted and piezo-active elements for the transduction and measurement of a wide variety of physical signals. The magnetic response of a piezomagnetic layer to an external stress or a stress induced by the change of electric field and temperature is shown to affect significantly the spin properties of nitrogen-vacancy centers in diamond. Under ambient conditions, realistic environmental noise and material imperfections, our detailed numerical studies show that this hybrid device can achieve significant improvements in sensitivity over the pure diamond based approach in combination with nanometer scale spatial resolution. Beyond its applications in quantum sensing the proposed hybrid architecture offers novel possibilities for engineering strong coherent couplings between nanomechanical oscillator and solid state spin qubits.

Jianming Cai; Fedor Jelezko; Martin B. Plenio

2014-04-25T23:59:59.000Z

436

Diamond sensors and polycapillary lenses for X-ray absorption spectroscopy  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Diamond sensors are evaluated as incident beam monitors for X-ray absorption spectroscopy experiments. These single crystal devices pose a challenge for an energy-scanning experiment using hard X-rays due to the effect of diffraction from the crystalline sensor at energies which meet the Bragg condition. This problem is eliminated by combination with polycapillary lenses. The convergence angle of the beam exiting the lens is large compared to rocking curve widths of the diamond. A ray exiting one capillary from the lens meets the Bragg condition for any reflection at a different energy from the rays exiting adjacent capillaries. This serves to broaden each diffraction peak over a wide energy range, allowing linear measurement of incident intensity over the range of the energy scan. Extended X-ray absorption fine structure data are measured with a combination of a polycapillary lens and a diamond incident beam monitor. These data are of comparable quality to data measured without a lens and with an ionization chamber monitoring the incident beam intensity.

Ravel, B. [National Institute of Standards and Technology, Gaithersburg, Maryland 20899 (United States)] [National Institute of Standards and Technology, Gaithersburg, Maryland 20899 (United States); Attenkofer, K. [Photon Sciences Division, Brookhaven National Laboratory, Upton, New York 11973-5000 (United States)] [Photon Sciences Division, Brookhaven National Laboratory, Upton, New York 11973-5000 (United States); Bohon, J. [Center for Synchrotron Biosciences, Case Western Reserve University, Cleveland, Ohio 44106 (United States)] [Center for Synchrotron Biosciences, Case Western Reserve University, Cleveland, Ohio 44106 (United States); Muller, E. [Department of Physics and Astronomy, Stony Brook University, Stony Brook, New York 11974-3800 (United States)] [Department of Physics and Astronomy, Stony Brook University, Stony Brook, New York 11974-3800 (United States); Smedley, J. [Instrumentation Division, Brookhaven National Laboratory, Upton, New York 11973-5000 (United States)] [Instrumentation Division, Brookhaven National Laboratory, Upton, New York 11973-5000 (United States)

2013-10-15T23:59:59.000Z

437

Development of ultrananocrystalline diamond (UNCD) coatings for multipurpose mechanical pump seals.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The reliability and performance of silicon carbide (SiC) shaft seals on multipurpose mechanical pumps are improved by applying a protective coating of ultrananocrystalline diamond (UNCD). UNCD exhibits extreme hardness (97 GPa), low friction (0.1 in air) and outstanding chemical resistance. Consequently, the application of UNCD coatings to multipurpose mechanical pump seals can reduce frictional energy losses and eliminate the downtime and hazardous emissions from seal failure and leakage. In this study, UNCD films were prepared by microwave plasma chemical vapor deposition utilizing an argon/methane gas mixture. Prior to coating, the SiC seals were subjected to mechanical polishing using different grades of micron-sized diamond powder to produce different starting surfaces with well-controlled surface roughnesses. Following this roughening process, the seals were seeded by mechanical abrasion with diamond nanopowder, and subsequently coated with UNCD. The coated seals were subjected to dynamic wear testing performed at 3600 RPM and 100 psi for up to 10 days during which the seals were periodically removed and inspected. The UNCD-coated seals were examined using Raman microanalysis, scanning electron microscopy, optical profilometry, and adhesion testing before and after the wear testing. These analyses revealed that delamination of the UNCD films was prevented when the initial SiC seal surface had an initial roughness >0.1 {micro}m. In addition, the UNCD surfaces showed no measurable wear as compared to approximately 0.2 {micro}m of wear for the untreated SiC surfaces.

Kovalchenko, A. M.; Elam, J. W.; Erdemir, A.; Carlisle, J. A.; Auciello, O.; Libera, J. A.; Pellin, M. J.; Gruen, D. M.; Hryn, J. N. (Materials Science Division); (Georgia Inst. of Tech.)

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

438

Process for recovering hydrocarbons from a hydrocarbon-bearing formation  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A method is described for transporting heavy crude oil through a pipeline which involves introducing into a pipeline or well-bore with the viscous hydrocarbons an aqueous solution containing (1) a sulfonate surfactant, (2) a rosin soap or a naphthenic acid soap and, optionally (3) coupling agent whereby there is spontaneously formed a low viscosity, salt tolerant, oil-in-water emulsion. Also disclosed is a method of recovery of hydrocarbons from a hydrocarbon bearing formation employing an aqueous solution containing (1) a sulfonate surfactant, (2) a rosin soap or a naphthenic acid soap and, optionally (3) a coupling agent.

Alston, R.B.; Braden, W.B.; Flournoy, K.H.

1980-03-11T23:59:59.000Z

439

Method for digesting a nitro-bearing explosive compound  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

The present invention is a process wherein superoxide radicals from superoxide salt are used to break down the explosive compounds. The process has an excellent reaction rate for degrading explosives, and operates at ambient temperature and atmospheric pressure in aqueous or non-aqueous conditions. Because the superoxide molecules are small, much smaller than an enzyme molecule for example, they can penetrate the microstructure of plastic explosives faster. The superoxide salt generates reactive hydroxyl radicals, which can destroy other organic contaminants, if necessary, along with digesting the explosive nitro-bearing compound.

Shah, Manish M. (Richland, WA)

2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

440

The use of elastomeric pads as bearings for steel beams  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

SCIEWCE August lg6S Ma)or Subjects Civil Eugiueeriag THE HSE OP BIASTMEEXC PASS AS EEARIHCS FOR STEE7 SEAMS A Thesis Hardy E. Fairbanks Approved as to style and content by; Chairnan of Coeeittee Head of Separtme t August 1960 TABLE OP CONTENTS... on Richmond Avenue in Houston, Texas Figure 5 Current Practice Concerning the Use of Elasto- meric Beazing Pads Pigure 6 Economic Comparison of Conventional and Elasto- 8 meric Bearings Figure 7 Figure 8 Figure 9 Teat Set-Up for Phase I Experimental...

Fairbanks, Hardy Ewald

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "diamond thrust bearings" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


441

Gas Production from Hydrate-Bearing Sediments - Emergent Phenomena -  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Even a small fraction of fine particles can have a significant effect on gas production from hydrate-bearing sediments and sediment stability. Experiments were conducted to investigate the role of fine particles on gas production using a soil chamber that allows for the application of an effective stress to the sediment. This chamber was instrumented to monitor shear-wave velocity, temperature, pressure, and volume change during CO{sub 2} hydrate formation and gas production. The instrumented chamber was placed inside the Oak Ridge National Laboratory Seafloor Process Simulator (SPS), which was used to control the fluid pressure and temperature. Experiments were conducted with different sediment types and pressure-temperature histories. Fines migrated within the sediment in the direction of fluid flow. A vuggy structure formed in the sand; these small cavities or vuggs were precursors to the development of gas-driven fractures during depressurization under a constant effective stress boundary condition. We define the critical fines fraction as the clay-to-sand mass ratio when clays fill the pore space in the sand. Fines migration, clogging, vugs, and gas-driven fracture formation developed even when the fines content was significantly lower than the critical fines fraction. These results show the importance of fines in gas production from hydrate-bearing sediments, even when the fines content is relatively low.

Jung, J.W. [Georgia Institute of Technology; Jang, J.W. [Georgia Institute of Technology; Tsouris, Costas [ORNL; Phelps, Tommy Joe [ORNL; Rawn, Claudia J [ORNL; Santamarina, Carlos [Georgia Institute of Technology

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

442

Combined passive magnetic bearing element and vibration damper  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A magnetic bearing system contains magnetic subsystems which act together to support a rotating element in a state of dynamic equilibrium and dampen transversely directed vibrations. Mechanical stabilizers are provided to hold the suspended system in equilibrium until its speed has exceeded a low critical speed where dynamic effects take over, permitting the achievement of a stable equilibrium for the rotating object. A state of stable equilibrium is achieved above a critical speed by use of a collection of passive elements using permanent magnets to provide their magnetomotive excitation. In a improvement over U.S. Pat. No. 5,495,221, a magnetic bearing element is combined with a vibration damping element to provide a single upper stationary dual-function element. The magnetic forces exerted by such an element, enhances levitation of the rotating object in equilibrium against external forces, such as the force of gravity or forces arising from accelerations, and suppresses the effects of unbalance or inhibits the onset of whirl-type rotor-dynamic instabilities. Concurrently, this equilibrium is made stable against displacement-dependent drag forces of the rotating object from its equilibrium position.

Post, Richard F. (Walnut Creek, CA)

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

443

Theory versus experimental results and comparisons for five orifice-compensated hybrid bearing configurations  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

). . . . . . 16 Static Loader (Kurtin, et al. , 1991). . . . . . . . . . . . . 17 Dynamic Excitation (Childs, Hale, and Rouvas, 1991). . . . . 18 Hydrostatic Bearing (Rowe, 1983) Pressure Distribution for an Orifice-Compensated Circular Hydrostatic Pad (Rowe... hydrostatic bearing, shown in Fig. 12, is an externally pressurized journal bearing which employs compensation (i. e. , flow restriction) devices to pro- vide both stability and load support for the journal. This compensation is accomplished by injecting a...

Franchek, Nancy Marie

1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

444

Ab initio investigation of lithium on the diamond C(100) surface K. M. O'Donnell,1,2,* T. L. Martin,2,3 N. A. Fox,3 and D. Cherns3  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

for diamond thermionic converters currently of interest for solar power generation and heat recycling. INTRODUCTION Diamond is a promising photocathode, field emitter, and thermionic emitter due to its chemical of approximately 400 °C, too low for thermionic applications.3 As such, research into diamond thermionics has

Bristol, University of

445

Argonne Researchers Shine "Light" on Origins of Wind Turbine Bearing Failures  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Researchers at DOE's Argonne National Laboratory are investigating the root cause of failures to wind turbine drivetrain components, such as bearings and gears.

446

Optimisation of deep cryogenic treatment for 100cr6 bearing steel using the grey taguchi technique; -.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??Deep Cryogenic treatment is a supplementary process to the conventional heat treatment for enhancing the mechanical properties of steels 100Cr6 bearing steel is widely used… (more)

Sri Siva, R

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

447

E-Print Network 3.0 - actively lubricated bearings Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Summary: to operation of bearings and splines include wear, fatigue, lubrication, and heat dissipation. Mechanical... shafts that are lined along the length of the engine. Both...

448

Bearing options, including design and testing, for direct drive linear generators in wave energy converters.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??The key focus of this research was to investigate the bearing options most suited to operation in a novel direct drive linear generator. This was… (more)

Caraher, Sarah

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

449

Improvement of bearing strength of laminated composites by nanoclay and Z-pin reinforcement.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??The bearing behavior of bolted composite joints is significantly poorer than that of their metallic counterparts. The objective of the present study was to examine… (more)

Huong, Tran Phuong Nam

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

450

Synthesis, characterization, and reactivity studies of iridium complexes bearing the ligand diphenylphosphidoboratabenzene  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The synthesis, structure, and reactivity properties of three iridium square planar complexes bearing the anionic phosphine ligand diphenylphosphidoboratabenzene (DPB) are described. Reactivity studies show a rate enhancement ...

Arizpe, Luis (Luis Alfredo)

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

451

Mechanical Spin Control of Nitrogen-Vacancy Centers in Diamond E. R. MacQuarrie, T. A. Gosavi, N. R. Jungwirth, S. A. Bhave, and G. D. Fuchs*  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Mechanical Spin Control of Nitrogen-Vacancy Centers in Diamond E. R. MacQuarrie, T. A. Gosavi, N. R 2013; published 27 November 2013) We demonstrate direct coupling between phonons and diamond nitrogen-vacancy fundamental interest as a potential mediator of spin-spin interactions [1,2]. Nitrogen-vacancy (NV) center

Afshari, Ehsan

452

DOE Solar Decathlon: University of Virginia: Bearing Solar Gifts  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Virginia's house on the National Mall at Solar Decathlon 2002. Virginia's house on the National Mall at Solar Decathlon 2002. Enlarge image The Trojan Goat incorporates recycled materials, including copper cladding reclaimed from a roof, wood panels reclaimed from shipping pallets, and paving stones reclaimed from the Rotunda at the University of Virginia. (Credit: Chris Gunn/U.S. Department of Energy Solar Decathlon) Who: University of Virginia What: Trojan Goat Where: Private residence Crozet, VA 22932 Map This House Public tours: Not available Solar Decathlon 2002 University of Virginia: Bearing Solar Gifts Like the Trojan horse that launched the Greeks to victory, the Trojan Goat earned the University of Virginia second place in the U.S. Department of Energy Solar Decathlon 2002. Since then, the house has gone on to inspire

453

Stabilization, Packaging, and Storage of Plutonium-Bearing Materials  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

DOE-STD-3013-2000 September 2000 Superseding DOE-STD-3013-99 November 1999 DOE STANDARD STABILIZATION, PACKAGING, AND STORAGE OF PLUTONIUM-BEARING MATERIALS U.S. Department of Energy AREA PACK Washington, D.C. 20585 DISTRIBUTION STATEMENT A. Approved for public release; distribution is unlimited. TS This document has been reproduced from the best available copy. Available to DOE and DOE contractors from ES&H Technical Information Services, U.S. Department of Energy, (800) 473-4375, fax: (301) 903-9823. Available to the public from the U.S. Department of Commerce, Technology Administration, National Technical Information Service, Springfield, VA 22161; (703) 605-6000. DOE-STD-3013-2000 iii ABSTRACT This Standard provides guidance for the stabilization, packaging and safe storage of plutonium-

454

Criteria for Packaging and Storing Uranium-233-Bearing Materials  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

3028-2000 3028-2000 July 2000 DOE STANDARD CRITERIA FOR PACKAGING AND STORING URANIUM-233-BEARING MATERIALS U.S. Department of Energy AREA SAFT Washington, D.C. 20585 DISTRIBUTION STATEMENT A. Approved for public release; distribution is unlimited. TS This document has been reproduced from the best available copy. Available to DOE and DOE contractors from ES&H Technical Information Services, U.S. Department of Energy, (800) 473-4375, fax: (301) 903-9823. Available to the public from the U.S. Department of Commerce, Technology Administration, National Technical Information Service, Springfield, VA 22161; (703) 605-6000. DOE-STD-3028-2000 iii ABSTRACT This Standard provides guidance for the packaging and long-term (50 years) storage of stabilized, separated uranium-233(

455

Development of high efficiency ball-bearing turbocharger  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Turbochargers have become very popular on passenger cars since the first mass-produced turbocharged passenger cars were put on market in Japan in 1979. Turbo lag is one of the most serious problem since the first mass-production started. Several new technologies such as a variable geometry turbocharger, ceramic turbocharger, etc. have been introduced to improve acceleration performance. A variable geometry turbocharger changes the area of gas flow passage and increases exhaust gas speed at low engine speed. A ceramic turbocharger reduces inertia moment of a turbine wheel and shaft. Turbocharger mechanical efficiency has equal importance as compressor efficiency and turbine efficiency. This paper describes the test results of ball bearing turbochargers.

Miyashita, K.; Kurasawa, M.; Matsuoka, H.; Ikeya, N.

1987-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

456

Feasibility Study for Vitrification of Sodium-Bearing Waste  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Treatment of sodium-bearing waste (SBW) at the Idaho Nuclear Technology and Engineering Center (INTEC) within the Idaho National Engineering and Environmental Laboratory is mandated under a Settlement Agreement between the Department of Energy and the State of Idaho. One of the requirements of the Settlement Agreement is the complete calcination (i.e., treatment) of all SBW by December 31, 2012. One of the proposed options for treatment of SBW is vitrification. This study will examine the viability of SBW vitrification. This study describes the process and facilities to treat the SBW, from beginning waste input from INTEC Tank Farm to the final waste forms. Schedules and cost estimates for construction and operation of a Vitrification Facility are included. The study includes a facility layout with drawings, process description and flow diagrams, and preliminary equipment requirements and layouts.

J. J. Quigley; B. D. Raivo; S. O. Bates; S. M. Berry; D. N. Nishioka; P. J. Bunnell

2000-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

457

Magnetic bearing development for support of satellite flywheels  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The use of magnetic bearings (MB) for support of space based flywheels can provide significant improvement in efficiency due to reduction in drag torque. A NASA supported program directed through the Texas A&M Center for Space Power has been formed to advance the technology of MB’s for satellite flywheel applications. The five areas of the program are: (a) Magnetic Field Simulation (b) MB controller Development (c) Electromechanical Rotordynamics Modeling (d) Testing and (e) Technology Exchange. Planned innovations in these tasks include eddy current drag torque and power loss determination including moving conductor effects digital (DSP) based control for high speed operation MATLAB-based coupled flexible rotor/controller/actuator electromechanical model with fuzzy logic nonlinear control and ultra high speed>100?krpm measurement of drag torque. The paper examines these areas and provides an overview of the project.

Alan Palazzolo; Mu Li; Andrew Kenny; Shuliang Lei; Danny Havelka; Albert Kascak

1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

458

Sodium-Bearing Waste Treatment Alternatives Implementation Study  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The purpose of this document is to discuss issues related to the implementation of each of the five down-selected INEEL/INTEC radioactive liquid waste (sodium-bearing waste - SBW) treatment alternatives and summarize information in three main areas of concern: process/technical, environmental permitting, and schedule. Major implementation options for each treatment alternative are also identified and briefly discussed. This report may touch upon, but purposely does not address in detail, issues that are programmatic in nature. Examples of these include how the SBW will be classified with respect to the Nuclear Waste Policy Act (NWPA), status of Waste Isolation Pilot Plant (WIPP) permits and waste storage availability, available funding for implementation, stakeholder issues, and State of Idaho Settlement Agreement milestones. It is assumed in this report that the SBW would be classified as a transuranic (TRU) waste suitable for disposal at WIPP, located in New Mexico, after appropriate treatment to meet transportation requirements and waste acceptance criteria (WAC).

Charles M. Barnes; James B. Bosley; Clifford W. Olsen

2004-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

459

Preliminary relative permeability estimates of methanehydrate-bearing sand  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The relative permeability to fluids in hydrate-bearingsediments is an important parameter for predicting natural gas productionfrom gas hydrate reservoirs. We estimated the relative permeabilityparameters (van Genuchten alpha and m) in a hydrate-bearing sand by meansof inverse modeling, which involved matching water saturation predictionswith observations from a controlled waterflood experiment. We used x-raycomputed tomography (CT) scanning to determine both the porosity and thehydrate and aqueous phase saturation distributions in the samples. X-rayCT images showed that hydrate and aqueous phase saturations arenon-uniform, and that water flow focuses in regions of lower hydratesaturation. The relative permeability parameters were estimated at twolocations in each sample. Differences between the estimated parametersets at the two locations were attributed to heterogeneity in the hydratesaturation. Better estimates of the relative permeability parametersrequire further refinement of the experimental design, and betterdescription of heterogeneity in the numerical inversions.

Seol, Yongkoo; Kneafsey, Timothy J.; Tomutsa, Liviu; Moridis,George J.

2006-05-08T23:59:59.000Z

460

Direct-write milling of diamond by a focused oxygen ion beam  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Recent advances in focused ion beam technology have enabled high-resolution, direct-write nanofabrication using light ions. Studies with light ions to date have, however, focused on milling of materials where sub-surface ion beam damage does not inhibit device performance. Here we report on direct-write milling of single crystal diamond using a focused beam of oxygen ions. Material quality is assessed by Raman and luminescence analysis, and reveals that the damage layer generated by oxygen ions can be removed by nonintrusive post-processing methods such as localised electron beam induced chemical etching.

Martin, Aiden A; Botman, Aurelien; Toth, Milos; Aharonovich, Igor

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "diamond thrust bearings" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


461

High stability electron field emitters made of nanocrystalline diamond coated carbon nanotubes  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We report enhanced life-time stability for the electron field emitters prepared by coating nanocrystalline diamond (NCD) on carbon nanotubes (CNTs). Upon overcoming the problem of poor stability in CNTs, the NCD-CNTs exhibit excellent life-time stability of 250 min tested at different applied voltages of 600 and 900?V. In contrast, the life-time stability of CNTs is only 33 min even at relatively low voltage of 360?V and starts arcing at 400?V. Hence, the NCD-CNTs with improved life-time stability have great potential for the applications as cathodes in flat panel displays and microplasma display devices.

Sankaran, K. J.; Tai, N. H., E-mail: nhtai@mx.nthu.edu.tw [Department of Materials Science and Engineering, National Tsing-Hua University, Hsinchu 300, Taiwan (China); Srinivasu, K.; Leou, K. C. [Department of Engineering and System Science, National Tsing-Hua University, Hsinchu 300, Taiwan (China)] [Department of Engineering and System Science, National Tsing-Hua University, Hsinchu 300, Taiwan (China); Lin, I. N., E-mail: inanlin@mail.tku.edu.tw [Department of Physics, Tamkang University, Tamsui 251, Taiwan (China)

2013-12-16T23:59:59.000Z

462

Evaluation of TexSIM for modeling traffic behavior at diamond interchanges  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

VITA 81 LIST OF FIGURES Figure Page 1 Typical Diamond Interchange Configurations and Movements 2 Three-Phase Control Strategies 3 TTI Four-Phase Sequence 4 Approach Numbering Scheme for TexSIM Coding 5 Pretimed 1 Interchange Layout and Phasing... Stopped Delay 26 Model Versus Pretimed 2 (7am - 9am) Field Data Stopped Delay 51 53 53 54 54 55 27 Model Versus Field Data Interior Left Turn Stopped Delay 56 28 EfFect of Loop Detector Size on Cycle Length 60 LIST OF TABLES Table 1 Study Sites...

Meadors, Allison Christine Cherry

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

463

Solar-induced chemical vapor deposition of diamond-type carbon films  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

An improved chemical vapor deposition method for depositing transparent continuous coatings of sp[sup 3]-bonded diamond-type carbon films, comprises: (a) providing a volatile hydrocarbon gas/H[sub 2] reactant mixture in a cold wall vacuum/chemical vapor deposition chamber containing a suitable substrate for said films, at pressure of about 1 to 50 Torr; and (b) directing a concentrated solar flux of from about 40 to about 60 watts/cm[sup 2] through said reactant mixture to produce substrate temperatures of about 750 C to about 950 C to activate deposition of the film on said substrate. 11 figs.

Pitts, J.R.; Tracy, C.E.; King, D.E.; Stanley, J.T.

1994-09-13T23:59:59.000Z

464

Localized chemical switching of the charge state of nitrogen-vacancy luminescence centers in diamond  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We present a beam-directed chemical technique for controlling the charge states of near-surface luminescence centers in semiconductors. Specifically, we fluorinate the surface of H-terminated diamond by electron beam irradiation in the presence of NF3 vapor. The fluorination treatment acts as a local chemical switch that alters the charge state of nitrogen-vacancy luminescence centers from the neutral to the negative state. The electron beam fluorination process is highly localized and can be used to control the emission spectrum of individual nanodiamonds and surface regions scanned by the electron beam

Shanley, Toby W; Aharonovich, Igor; Toth, Milos

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

465

Pretreatment process for forming a smooth surface diamond film on a carbon-coated substrate  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A process is disclosed for the pretreatment of a carbon-coated substrate to provide a uniform high density of nucleation sites thereon for the subsequent deposition of a continuous diamond film without the application of a bias voltage to the substrate. The process comprises exposing the carbon-coated substrate, in a microwave plasma enhanced chemical vapor deposition system, to a mixture of hydrogen-methane gases, having a methane gas concentration of at least about 4% (as measured by partial pressure), while maintaining the substrate at a pressure of about 10 to about 30 Torr during the pretreatment.

Feng, Zhu (Albany, CA); Brewer, Marilee (Goleta, CA); Brown, Ian (Berkeley, CA); Komvopoulos, Kyriakos (Orinda, CA)

1994-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

466

Chip-Scale Nanofabrication of Single Spins and Spin Arrays in Diamond  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We demonstrate a technique to nanofabricate nitrogen vacancy (NV) centers in diamond based on broad-beam nitrogen implantation through apertures in electron beam lithography resist. This method enables high-throughput nanofabrication of single NV centers on sub-100-nm length scales. Secondary ion mass spectroscopy measurements facilitate depth profiling of the implanted nitrogen to provide three-dimensional characterization of the NV center spatial distribution. Measurements of NV center coherence with on-chip coplanar waveguides suggest a pathway for incorporating this scalable nanofabrication technique in future quantum applications.

Toyli, David M.; Weis, Christoph D.; Fuchs, D.; Schenkel, Thomas; Awschalom, David D.

2010-07-02T23:59:59.000Z

467

Radiation-assisted Frenkel-Poole transport in single-crystal diamond  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The measurement of the density of occupied states as a function of the applied electric field, performed on single-crystal chemical vapour deposition diamond by x-ray modulated photocurrent technique, is reported. Two regimes of non-linear charge transport were observed: a classical Frenkel-Poole (FP) process at high electric fields (>6800 V/cm), and a radiation-assisted transport mechanism at intermediate electric fields (2000 to 6800 V/cm), consisting of a double-step process in which the direct re-emission into the extended band occurs following multiple photo-induced FP-like hopping transitions.

Girolami, M.; Bellucci, A.; Calvani, P.; Flammini, R.; Trucchi, D. M. [CNR-IMIP, Institute of Inorganic Methodologies and Plasmas, National Research Council, Via Salaria km 29.300, 00015 Monterotondo Stazione, Rome (Italy)] [CNR-IMIP, Institute of Inorganic Methodologies and Plasmas, National Research Council, Via Salaria km 29.300, 00015 Monterotondo Stazione, Rome (Italy)

2013-08-19T23:59:59.000Z

468

Solar-induced chemical vapor deposition of diamond-type carbon films  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

An improved chemical vapor deposition method for depositing transparent continuous coatings of sp.sup.3 -bonded diamond-type carbon films, comprising: a) providing a volatile hydrocarbon gas/H.sub.2 reactant mixture in a cold wall vacuum/chemical vapor deposition chamber containing a suitable substrate for said films, at pressure of about 1 to 50 Torr; and b) directing a concentrated solar flux of from about 40 to about 60 watts/cm.sup.2 through said reactant mixture to produce substrate temperatures of about 750.degree. C. to about 950.degree. C. to activate deposition of the film on said substrate.

Pitts, J. Roland (Lakewood, CO); Tracy, C. Edwin (Golden, CO); King, David E. (Lakewood, CO); Stanley, James T. (Beaverton, OR)

1994-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

469

All-optical high-resolution magnetic resonance using a nitrogen-vacancy spin in diamond  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We propose an all-optical scheme to prolong the quantum coherence of a negatively charged nitrogen-vacancy (NV) center in diamond. Optical control of the NV spin suppresses energy fluctuations of the $^{3}\\text{A}_{2}$ ground states and forms an energy gap protected subspace. By optical control, the spectral linewidth of magnetic resonance is much narrower and the measurement of the frequencies of magnetic field sources has higher resolution. The optical control also improves the sensitivity of the magnetic field detection and can provide measurement of the directions of signal sources.

Zhen-Yu Wang; Jian-Ming Cai; Alex Retzker; Martin B. Plenio

2014-04-04T23:59:59.000Z

470

Response of oceanic hydrate-bearing sediments to thermalstresses  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In this study, we evaluate the response of oceanicsubsurface systems to thermal stresses caused by the flow of warm fluidsthrough noninsulated well systems crossing hydrate-bearing sediments.Heat transport from warm fluids, originating from deeper reservoirs underproduction, into the geologic media can cause dissociation of the gashydrates. The objective of this study is to determine whether gasevolution from hydrate dissociation can lead to excessive pressurebuildup, and possibly to fracturing of hydrate-bearing formations andtheir confining layers, with potentially adverse consequences on thestability of the suboceanic subsurface. This study also aims to determinewhether the loss of the hydrate--known to have a strong cementing effecton the porous media--in the vicinity of the well, coupled with thesignificant pressure increases, can undermine the structural stability ofthe well assembly.Scoping 1D simulations indicated that the formationintrinsic permeability, the pore compressibility, the temperature of theproduced fluids andthe initial hydrate saturation are the most importantfactors affecting the system response, while the thermal conductivity andporosity (above a certain level) appear to have a secondary effect.Large-scale simulations of realistic systems were also conducted,involving complex well designs and multilayered geologic media withnonuniform distribution of properties and initial hydrate saturationsthat are typical of those expected in natural oceanic systems. Theresults of the 2D study indicate that although the dissociation radiusremains rather limited even after long-term production, low intrinsicpermeability and/or high hydrate saturation can lead to the evolution ofhigh pressures that can threaten the formation and its boundaries withfracturing. Although lower maximum pressures are observed in the absenceof bottom confining layers and in deeper (and thus warmer and morepressurized) systems, the reduction is limited. Wellbore designs withgravel packs that allow gas venting and pressure relief result insubstantially lower pressures.

Moridis, G.J.; Kowalsky, M.B.

2006-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

471

An ultra-thin diamond membrane as a transmission particle detector and vacuum window for external microbeams  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Several applications of external microbeam techniques demand a very accurate and controlled dose delivery. To satisfy these requirements when post-sample ion detection is not feasible, we constructed a transmission single-ion detector based on an ultra-thin diamond membrane. The negligible intrinsic noise provides an excellent signal-to-noise ratio and enables a hit-detection efficiency of close to 100%, even for energetic protons, while the small thickness of the membrane limits beam spreading. Moreover, because of the superb mechanical stiffness of diamond, this membrane can simultaneously serve as a vacuum window and allow the extraction of an ion microbeam into the atmosphere.

Grilj, V.; Skukan, N.; Jakši?, M. [Division of Experimental Physics, Ru?er Boškovi? Institute, 10000 Zagreb (Croatia)] [Division of Experimental Physics, Ru?er Boškovi? Institute, 10000 Zagreb (Croatia); Pomorski, M. [CEA-LIST, Diamond Sensors Laboratory, Gif-sur-Yvette F-91191 (France)] [CEA-LIST, Diamond Sensors Laboratory, Gif-sur-Yvette F-91191 (France); Kada, W. [Division of Electronics and Informatics, Faculty of Science and Technology, Gunma University, Kiryu, Gunma 376-8515 (Japan)] [Division of Electronics and Informatics, Faculty of Science and Technology, Gunma University, Kiryu, Gunma 376-8515 (Japan); Iwamoto, N.; Kamiya, T.; Ohshima, T. [Takasaki Advanced Radiation Research Institute, Japan Atomic Energy Agency (JAEA), Takasaki, Gunma 370-1292 (Japan)] [Takasaki Advanced Radiation Research Institute, Japan Atomic Energy Agency (JAEA), Takasaki, Gunma 370-1292 (Japan)

2013-12-09T23:59:59.000Z

472

Experience in operating and reconstructing the turbine bearings of units of the Sayano-Shushenskoe hydroelectric station  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This article reviews some of the operations and maintenance experiences at the Sayano-Shushenskoe hydroelectric sstation in Russia. In particular, the experiences gained in the operation of the turbines and the reconstruction of the turbine bearings are noted. The compact layout of this facility did not permit the traditional babbitt bearing or rubber ring bearing with water lubrication. Instead, a rubber sugmented bearing with water lubrication was used. The design and construction of this bearing, as well as the operation and maintenance of this bearing, is discussed in this article. The operating experiences have shown that the component is highly reliable.

Nikitenko, G.I.

1994-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

473

The Local Seeing Environment at Big Bear Solar Observatory Angelo Verdoni and Carsten Denker1  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

­ Big Bear Solar Observatory (BBSO) in California, Mees Solar Observatory (MSO) on Haleakal¯a, MauiThe Local Seeing Environment at Big Bear Solar Observatory Angelo Verdoni and Carsten Denker1 New Jersey Institute of Technology, Center for Solar-Terrestrial Research, 323 Martin Luther King Blvd

474

Experimental response of a rotor supported on Rayleigh step gas bearings  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

contact during start-up and shutdown. Quick lifting of the rotor in the air bearings reduces the wear and damage of solid surfaces for long durability of the bearings under cyclic start/stop operation. 6 Sastri et al. [27] study the tribological...

Zhu, Xuehua

2004-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

475

Applying the gravity approach to sector trade: Who bears the trade costs?  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, France Financial support received by the "New Issues in Agricultural, Food and Bio-energy TradeApplying the gravity approach to sector trade: Who bears the trade costs? Angela CHEPTEA, Alexandre to sector trade: Who bears the trade costs? Angela CHEPTEA INRA, UMR1302 SMART, F-35000 Rennes, France

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

476

THEORETICAL & APPLIED MECHANICS LETTERS 4, 022001 (2014) Unified gas-kinetic simulation of slider air bearing  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, slider air-bearing, non-equilibrium The slider air bearing problem arises from the hard disk industry. The demand of higher recording density requires the spacing between the read/write head and the disk-assisting magnetic recording (HAMR) that introduces a heat source into the slider system. Both the nano-scale flying

Xu, Kun

477

Experimental response of gas hybrid bearings for high speed oil-free turbomachinery  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

conducted on a small rotor supported on three lobed hybrid (hydrostatic/hydrodynamic) rigid gas bearings. The rigid bearings are made up of preloaded 120? lobes with minute feed holes for external pressurization that are fed, for example, by bleed off from...

Wilde, Deborah Anne

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

478

Response of a bubble bearing viscoelastic fluid to rapid decompression: Implications for explosive volcanic eruptions  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Response of a bubble bearing viscoelastic fluid to rapid decompression: Implications for explosive Abstract We conducted rapid decompression experiments using bubble-bearing viscoelastic fluid in a vertical of the bubbles, DP=Pg Ã?Po, to understand the behavior of bubbly-magmas under rapid decompression. We find

Manga, Michael

479

The effect of side-restraint bearings on the performance of base-isolated buildings  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 The effect of side-restraint bearings on the performance of base- isolated buildings J P Talbot * Corresponding author. Email: jpt1000@eng.cam.ac.uk Abstract: Base-isolation of buildings is a common solution vibration isolation bearings between a building and its foundation, aligned in the vertical direction so

Talbot, James P.

480

Superconducting meissner effect bearings for cryogenic turbomachines. Final report, 1 January 1991-30 March 1993  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This report describes the second year efforts to develop a Meissner bearing system for miniature cryogenic turboexpanders used in Brayton cycle cryocoolers. During this period, a permanent magnet/Meissner effect bearing was tested, and a system was developed for measuring the stiffness and damping of superconductor/magnet pairs at high frequencies and low amplitudes (I kHz, <100 um). Preliminary measurements have shown the feasibility of Meissner effect bearing/damper systems for small turbomachines. A new configuration for the bearing system has been conceptualized, and a patent disclosure prepared. The system provides both accurate positioning of the shaft at room temperature and stable rotation at cryogenic temperatures.... Meissner effect bearings.

Valenzuela, J.; Martin, J.

1989-05-18T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "diamond thrust bearings" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


481

Remarks on Dr. L. Silberstein's Results in his Paper "On the Dispersion of the Diamond."  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Dr. Silberstein begins with the assumption that dispersion in general is due to the interaction of the electromagnetic field with the electrical charges on the nuclei of atoms. In the particular case of diamond he deduces from this assumption that the charge on the nucleus of the carbon atom is 2.22 times the electronic charge. He admits that this result is not in harmony with the pan-electronists belief in the indivisibility of the electron. This conclusion justifies us in bringing into question his fundamental premises. It is the author's belief that spectrum effects are in general principally due to the revolving electrons rather than the nuclei of atoms. Reasons for this are given in a book by the author now in press. In the case of diamond, if the Silbertsein ratio, 2.22, which is corrected to read 2.246, is multiplied by the characteristic number of the tetrahedron, namely 8/3ds, the result becomes 5.99, which is very close to the whole number, 6, the atomic number of carbon. The 8/3ds would be required if the effect is due to the revolving electrons. It is pointed out that the dimensions of equations derived from electromagnetic theory by most modern writers are not correct without expressing the specific inductive capacity of the medium. In particular this point is illustrated by Dr. Silberstein's equation (9), and the subject is fully treated in the author's book referred to.

Albert C. Crehore; Ph.D.

1919-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

482

Temperature dependence of mechanical stiffness and dissipation in ultrananocrystalline diamond films grown by the HFCVD techinque.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We have characterized mechanical properties of ultrananocrystalline diamond (UNCD) thin films grown using the hot filament chemical vapor deposition (HFCVD) technique at 680 C, significantly lower than the conventional growth temperature of -800 C. The films have -4.3% sp{sup 2} content in the near-surface region as revealed by near edge x-ray absorption fine structure spectroscopy. The films, -1 {micro}m thick, exhibit a net residual compressive stress of 370 {+-} 1 MPa averaged over the entire 150 mm wafer. UNCD microcantilever resonator structures and overhanging ledges were fabricated using lithography, dry etching, and wet release techniques. Overhanging ledges of the films released from the substrate exhibited periodic undulations due to stress relaxation. This was used to determine a biaxial modulus of 838 {+-} 2 GPa. Resonant excitation and ring-down measurements in the kHz frequency range of the microcantilevers were conducted under ultrahigh vacuum (UHV) conditions in a customized UHV atomic force microscope system to determine Young's modulus as well as mechanical dissipation of cantilever structures at room temperature. Young's modulus is found to be 790 {+-} 30 GPa. Based on these measurements, Poisson's ratio is estimated to be 0.057 {+-} 0.038. The quality factors (Q) of these resonators ranged from 5000 to 16000. These Q values are lower than theoretically expected from the intrinsic properties of diamond. The results indicate that surface and bulk defects are the main contributors to the observed dissipation in UNCD resonators.

Adiga, V. P.; Sumant, A. V.; Suresh, S.; Gudeman, C.; Auciello, O.; Carlisle, J. A.; Carpick, R. W.; Materials Science Division; Univ. of Pennsylvania; Innovative Micro Tech.; Advanced Diamond Tech.

2009-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

483

Deposition of diamond-like carbon film using dense plasma focus  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This paper reports the deposition of amorphous diamond-like carbon (DLC) films on Si ?1 0 0?, using a low energy (1.45 kJ) dense plasma focus. The high purity graphite is inserted at the tip of the tapered anode, which serves as a carbon source. Silicon substrates are placed in front of the anode tip at different axial and angular positions. The films are deposited using multiple focus shots. Raman spectroscopy and X-ray diffractometer (XRD) are used to carry out the structural information of these deposited films. The elemental composition is studied by energy dispersive X-ray spectroscopy (EDX) whereas scanning electron microscope (SEM) is employed for the study of the surface morphology. Raman spectroscopy shows the deposition of both diamond type tetragonal sp3 and graphite type trigonal sp2 films. The results point towards the formation of good quality amorphous carbon (DLC) films with higher sp3 content as compared to sp2 content. XRD pattern confirms the amorphous nature of the films showing no additional peak except a peak at 2? = 69° which corresponds to substrate original peak Si(4 0 0). SEM results demonstrate that the smoothness of the surface decreases with increasing value of angles with respect to anode axis. The substrates placed closer to anode axis have higher carbon content as compared to those placed away from anode axis whereas carbon content decreases with increasing axial distances from anode tip.

Shaista Zeb; Mehboob Sadiq; A. Qayyum; Ghulam Murtaza; M. Zakaullah

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

484

Carbon ion beam focusing using laser irradiated heated diamond hemispherical shells  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Experiments preformed at the Los Alamos National Laboratory's Trident Laser Facility were conducted to observe the acceleration and focusing of carbon ions via the TNSA mechanism using hemispherical diamond targets. Trident is a 200TW class laser system with 80J of 1 {micro}m, short-pulse light delivered in 0.5ps, with a peak intensity of 5 x 10{sup 20} W/cm{sup 2}. Targets where Chemical Vapor Deposition (CVD) diamonds formed into hemispheres with a radius of curvature of 400{micro}m and a thickness of 5{micro}m. The accelerated ions from the hemisphere were diagnosed by imaging the shadow of a witness copper mesh grid located 2mm behind the target onto a film pack located 5cm behind the target. Ray tracing was used to determine the location of the ion focal spot. The TNSA mechanism favorably accelerates hydrogen found in and on the targets. To make the carbon beam detectable, targets were first heated to several hundred degrees Celsius using a CW, 532nm, 8W laser. Imaging of the carbon beam was accomplished via an auto-radiograph of a nuclear activated lithium fluoride window in the first layer of the film pack. The focus of the carbon ion beam was determined to be located 630 {+-} 110 {micro}m from the vertex of the hemisphere.

Offermann, Dustin T [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Flippo, Kirk A [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Gaillard, Sandrine A [Los Alamos National Laboratory

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

485

Monitoring of bearing wear in a marine engine by change of piston position — Effect of wear and inertia  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Wear monitoring of the journal bearings is one of the biggest issue in a marine engine because it can cause failure of ... the system without prior notice. BMW (Bearing Wear Monitoring), which is an indirect meth...

Pradipta Vaskar Biswas; Jung Hwan Ahn…

2013-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

486

X-ray computed-tomography observations of water flow through anisotropic methane hydrate-bearing sand  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

conductivity of gas hydrate-bearing sand. J. Geophys. Res.the water and gas flow through hydrate-bearing sands.The gas from hydrate dissociation in the fine sand appears

Seol, Yongkoo

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

487

Design, analyses and experimental study of a foil gas bearing with compression springs as a compliance support  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A new foil bearing with compression springs is designed, built, analyzed, and tested. This foil gas bearing uses a series of compression springs as a compliant structure instead of corrugated bump foils. A spring model to estimate the stiffness...

Song, Ju Ho

2009-06-02T23:59:59.000Z

488

Penetration rate prediction for diamond bit drilling by adaptive neuro-fuzzy inference system and multiple regressions  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract In many mining, civil, and petroleum engineering applications diamond bit drilling is widely used due to high penetration rate, core recovery and its ability to drill with less deviation. Recently, many research have been conducted to estimate the penetration rate of diamond drilling which can be considered as one of the most important parameters in project planning and cost estimation of the operation. A database covering the rock properties and the machine operational parameters collected from seven different drilling sites in Turkey is constructed. Construction of an adaptive neuro-fuzzy inference system and the multiple regression models for predicting the penetration rate of diamond drilling is described. In the models, rock properties such as the uniaxial compressive strength, the rock quality designation, and the equipment operational parameters like bit load and bit rotation are considered. Although the prediction performance of multiple regression models is high, the adaptive neuro-fuzzy inference model exhibits better performance based on the comparison of performance indicators. By using the models, penetration rate of diamond bit drilling can be predicted effectively.

H. Basarir; L. Tutluoglu; C. Karpuz

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

489

The influence of surface preparation on the electrochemistry of boron doped diamond: A study of the reduction of  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

advantageous electrochemical characteristics that in- clude: a wide potential window in aqueous electrolyte [2 of couples oxidation and re- duction have been observed within the available poten- tial window diamond electrodes in acidic media occurs via direct electron transfer and results in a polymeric film

Bristol, University of

490

Program plan for the development of advanced synthetic-diamond drill bits for hard-rock drilling  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Eight companys have teamed with Sandia Labs to work on five projects as part of a cooperative effort to advance the state of the ar in synthetic-diamond drill bit design and manufacture. DBS (a Baroid Company), Dennis Tool Company, Hughes Christensen Company, Maurer Engineering, Megadiamond, Security Diamond Products, Slimdril International, and Smith International. Objective of each project is to develop advanced bit technology that results in new commercial products with longer bit life and higher penetration rates in hard formations. Each project explores a different approach to synthetic-diamond cutter and bit design and, consequently, uses different approaches to developing the technology. Each of these approaches builds or the respective companies` capabilities and current product interests. Sandia`s role is to assure integration of the individual projects into a coherent program and tc provide unique testing and analytical capabilities where needed. One additional company, Amoco Production Research, will provide synthetic-diamond drill bit research expertise and field testing services for each project in the program.

Glowka, D.A.; Schafer, D.M.

1993-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

491

Diamond and Related Materials, 2 (1993) 661 666 661 Degenerate four-wave mixing diagnostics of atmospheric pressure  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

application of this new spectroscopic technique to an atmospheric pressure plasma synthesis reactor. DFWM synthesis at atmospheric pressure have been performed using an r.f. inductively coupled plasma torch [1 of atmospheric pressure diamond deposition T. G. Owano and C. H. Kruger Iti~'4h7~,mperatureGasdynamies Laboratory

Zare, Richard N.

492

Salsbury and Diamond: Automated Testing of HVAC Systems for Commissioning -1 -Automated Testing of HVAC Systems for Commissioning  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

and Diamond: Automated Testing of HVAC Systems for Commissioning - 1 - Automated Testing of HVAC Systems This paper describes an approach to the automation of the commissioning of HVAC systems. The approach of many HVAC systems is limited more by poor installation, commissioning, and maintenance than by poor

493

Development and evaluation of operational strategies for providing an integrated diamond interchange ramp-metering control system  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. Therefore, there is a lack of both analysis tools and operational strategies for considering them as an integrated system. One drawback of operating the ramp-metering system and the diamond interchange system in isolation is that traffic from the ramp...

Tian, Zongzhong

2004-09-30T23:59:59.000Z

494

Evaluation of the dosimetric properties of a synthetic single crystal diamond detector in high energy clinical proton beams  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Purpose: To investigate the dosimetric properties of a synthetic single crystal diamond Schottky diode for accurate relative dose measurements in large and small field high-energy clinical proton beams.Methods: The dosimetric properties of a synthetic single crystal diamond detector were assessed by comparison with a reference Markus parallel plate ionization chamber, an Exradin A16 microionization chamber, and Exradin T1a ion chamber. The diamond detector was operated at zero bias voltage at all times. Comparative dose distribution measurements were performed by means of Fractional depth dose curves and lateral beam profiles in clinical proton beams of energies 155 and 250 MeV for a 14 cm square cerrobend aperture and 126 MeV for 3, 2, and 1 cm diameter circular brass collimators. ICRU Report No. 78 recommended beam parameters were used to compare fractional depth dose curves and beam profiles obtained using the diamond detector and the reference ionization chamber. Warm-up/stability of the detector response and linearity with dose were evaluated in a 250 MeV proton beam and dose rate dependence was evaluated in a 126 MeV proton beam. Stem effect and the azimuthal angle dependence of the diode response were also evaluated.Results: A maximum deviation in diamond detector signal from the average reading of less than 0.5% was found during the warm-up irradiation procedure. The detector response showed a good linear behavior as a function of dose with observed deviations below 0.5% over a dose range from 50 to 500 cGy. The detector response was dose rate independent, with deviations below 0.5% in the investigated dose rates ranging from 85 to 300 cGy/min. Stem effect and azimuthal angle dependence of the diode signal were within 0.5%. Fractional depth dose curves and lateral beam profiles obtained with the diamond detector were in good agreement with those measured using reference dosimeters.Conclusions: The observed dosimetric properties of the synthetic single crystal diamond detector indicate that its behavior is proton energy independent and dose rate independent in the investigated energy and dose rate range and it is suitable for accurate relative dosimetric measurements in large as well as in small field high energy clinical proton beams.

Mandapaka, A. K.; Ghebremedhin, A.; Patyal, B. [Department of Radiation Medicine, Loma Linda University Medical Center, 11234 Anderson Street, Loma Linda, California 92354 (United States)] [Department of Radiation Medicine, Loma Linda University Medical Center, 11234 Anderson Street, Loma Linda, California 92354 (United States); Marinelli, Marco; Prestopino, G.; Verona, C.; Verona-Rinati, G. [INFN–Dipartimento di Ingegneria Industriale, Università di Roma ‘Tor Vergata’, Via del Politecnico 1, 00133 Roma (Italy)] [INFN–Dipartimento di Ingegneria Industriale, Università di Roma ‘Tor Vergata’, Via del Politecnico 1, 00133 Roma (Italy)

2013-12-15T23:59:59.000Z

495

Sodium-bearing Waste Treatment Technology Evaluation Report  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Sodium-bearing waste (SBW) disposition is one of the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Idaho Operation Office’s (NE-ID) and State of Idaho’s top priorities at the Idaho National Engineering and Environmental Laboratory (INEEL). The INEEL has been working over the past several years to identify a treatment technology that meets NE-ID and regulatory treatment requirements, including consideration of stakeholder input. Many studies, including the High-Level Waste and Facilities Disposition Environmental Impact Statement (EIS), have resulted in the identification of five treatment alternatives that form a short list of perhaps the most appropriate technologies for the DOE to select from. The alternatives are (a) calcination with maximum achievable control technology (MACT) upgrade, (b) steam reforming, (c) cesium ion exchange (CsIX) with immobilization, (d) direct evaporation, and (e) vitrification. Each alternative has undergone some degree of applied technical development and preliminary process design over the past four years. This report presents a summary of the applied technology and process design activities performed through February 2004. The SBW issue and the five alternatives are described in Sections 2 and 3, respectively. Details of preliminary process design activities for three of the alternatives (steam reforming, CsIX, and direct evaporation) are presented in three appendices. A recent feasibility study provides the details for calcination. There have been no recent activities performed with regard to vitrification; that section summarizes and references previous work.

Charles M. Barnes; Arlin L. Olson; Dean D. Taylor

2004-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

496

TRUEX partitioning studies applied to ICPP sodium-bearing waste  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Idaho Chemical Processing Plant (ICPP), located in southeast Idaho at the USDOE Idaho National Engineering Laboratory, formerly reprocessed highly enriched spent nuclear fuel to recover fissionable uranium. The HLW raffinates from the combined PUREX/REDOX type uranium recovery process were converted to solid oxides (calcine) in a high temperature fluidized bed. Liquid effluents from the calcination process were combined with liquid sodium bearing waste (SBW) generated primarily in conjunction with decontamination activities. Due to the high sodium content in the SBW, this secondary waste stream is not directly amenable to solidification via calcination. Currently, approximately 1.5 millon gallons of liquid SBW are stored at the ICPP in large tanks. Several treatment options for the SBW are currently being considered, including the TRansUranic EXtraction (TRUEX) process developed by Horwitz and co-workers at Argonne National Laboratory (ANL), in preparation for the final disposition of SBW. Herein described are experimental results of radionuclide tracer studies with simulated SBW using the TRUEX process solvent.

Herbst, R.S.; Brewer, K.N.; Law, J.D.; Tranter, T.J.; Todd, T.A.

1994-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

497

MOISTURE AND SURFACE AREA MEASUREMENTS OF PLUTONIUM-BEARING OXIDES  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

To ensure safe storage, plutonium-bearing oxides are stabilized at 950 C for at least two hours in an oxidizing atmosphere. Stabilization conditions are expected to decompose organic impurities, convert metals to oxides, and result in moisture content below 0.5 wt%. During stabilization, the specific surface area is reduced, which minimizes readsorption of water onto the oxide surface. Plutonium oxides stabilized according to these criteria were sampled and analyzed to determine moisture content and surface area. In addition, samples were leached in water to identify water-soluble chloride impurity content. Results of these analyses for seven samples showed that the stabilization process produced low moisture materials (< 0.2 wt %) with low surface area ({le} 1 m{sup 2}/g). For relatively pure materials, the amount of water per unit surface area corresponded to 1.5 to 3.5 molecular layers of water. For materials with chloride content > 360 ppm, the calculated amount of water per unit surface area increased with chloride content, indicating hydration of hygroscopic salts present in the impure PuO{sub 2}-containing materials. The low moisture, low surface area materials in this study did not generate detectable hydrogen during storage of four or more years.

Crowder, M.; Duffey, J.; Livingston, R.; Scogin, J.; Kessinger, G.; Almond, P.

2009-09-28T23:59:59.000Z

498

Bearing fault severity estimation using time-based descriptors for rotating electric machines  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This paper evaluates the bearing fault severity in rotating electric machines based on the time-based descriptors derived from machine vibration signal. Time-based descriptors are independent of bearing dimensions and machine dynamics. To establish the relationship between the time-based descriptor and bearing fault severity, a wide range of defective bearings are examined on an experimental set-up and the factors contributing to the value of time-based descriptor are determined. The application of this technique to the bearing faults such as rolling element, inner-race and outer-race fault, has confirmed that time-based descriptor successfully measures the severity of faults. The significance of time-based descriptors has been evaluated and tested by developing online bearing failure situation via shaft current. Since the time-based descriptors are independent of dimensions and characteristic frequencies of the bearing, the severity estimation is less sensitive to operating conditions for data acquisition. The laboratory investigations on 10-hp cage induction motor are presented.

Rajesh Patel; S.P. Gupta; Vinod Kumar

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

499

Design of a telescope pointing and tracking subsystem for the Big Bear Solar Observatory New Solar Telescope  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, California, U.S.A.; bNew Jersey Institute of Technology, Newark, New Jersey, U.S.A. ABSTRACT The New SolarDesign of a telescope pointing and tracking subsystem for the Big Bear Solar Observatory New Solar Telescope J. R. Varsika and G.Yangb aBig Bear Solar Observatory, 40386 North Shore Lane, Big Bear City

500

263ESTUARINE MICROFOSSILS AND CRETACEOUS COAL-BEARING STRATA RECOGNITION OF RELATIVE SEA-LEVEL CHANGE IN UPPER CRETACEOUS COAL-  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

263ESTUARINE MICROFOSSILS AND CRETACEOUS COAL-BEARING STRATA RECOGNITION OF RELATIVE SEA-LEVEL CHANGE IN UPPER CRETACEOUS COAL- BEARING STRATA: A PALEOECOLOGICAL APPROACH USING AGGLUTINATED, Holyoke, Massachusetts 01040, U.S.A. ABSTRACT: Microfossils from Cretaceous coal-bearing strata can

Leckie, Mark