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Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "diabetes organic polymers" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


1

The challenges of organic polymer solar cells  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The technical and commercial prospects of polymer solar cells were evaluated. Polymer solar cells are an attractive approach to fabricate and deploy roll-to-roll processed solar cells that are reasonably efficient (total ...

Saif Addin, Burhan K. (Burhan Khalid)

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

2

Electroluminescence in ion gel gated organic polymer semiconductor transistors  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

emission in ion gel gated, thin film organic semiconductor tran- sistors and investigates the light emission mechanism behind these devices. We report that ion gel gated organic polymer semiconductor transistors emit light when the drain source volt- age... the organic light emitting devices become mainstream, there are several challenges that need to be resolved and current research focus is to ad- dress those challenges. One particular challenge is relatively high operating volt- ages of light emitting organic...

Bhat, Shrivalli

2011-07-12T23:59:59.000Z

3

Designing phase selective soluble polymers for applications in organic chemistry  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Soluble polymers as supports are gaining more attention now. Developing new polymers, new reagents and catalysts, new separation systems are thus of great interest as these sorts of materials' applications in synthesis and catalysis increase. The work described in the succeeding chapters describes my efforts to synthesize new catalysts that can be attached to polymer supports, to study their catalytic activity and to study separation efficiency. Most of the work focus is on polyacrylamide polymers. Both organometallic catalysts and organic catalysts have been studied. Liquid/liquid separation was the technique mainly investigated. In addition, a new separation scheme called latent biphasic system which is a new liquid/liquid separation method is described. Finally, studies with the Cremer group where the LCST behavior of polyacrylamides was studied using dark field methods are also discussed.

Li, Chunmei

2003-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

4

From self-organizing polymers to nano- and biomaterials{  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

First published as an Advance Article on the web 3rd October 2003 By self-organization polymers form a large number of superstructures with characteristic dimensions in the range of a few nanometers up to several micrometers. They can be used to produce in a controlled way a wide range of nano- and microstructured materials such as nanoparticles, nanoporous materials and drug carriers. Applications in the fields of materials science, electronics, molecular biology and pharmacy are being investigated. 1.

Stephan Förster; Matthias Konrad

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

5

Organic Polymers Show Sunny Potential | Advanced Photon Source  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

A New Family of Quasicrystals A New Family of Quasicrystals Cool Muscles: Storing Elastic Energy for Flight A Further Understanding of Superconductivity New Family of Tiny Crystals Glow Bright in LED Lights How Serotonin Receptors Can Shape Drug Effects, from LSD to Migraine Medication Science Highlights Archives: 2013 | 2012 | 2011 | 2010 2009 | 2008 | 2007 | 2006 2005 | 2004 | 2003 | 2002 2001 | 2000 | 1998 | Subscribe to APS Science Highlights rss feed Organic Polymers Show Sunny Potential JUNE 25, 2013 Bookmark and Share Researchers at Rice and Pennsylvania State universities have created solar cells based on block copolymers, self-assembling organic materials that arrange themselves into distinct layers. Image courtesy of the Gomez Laboratory A new version of solar cells created by laboratories at the Rice and

6

Highly dispersed carbon nanotubes in organic media for polymer:fullerene photovoltaic devices  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Highly dispersed carbon nanotubes in organic media for polymer:fullerene photovoltaic devices Gwang photovoltaic device are fabricated using homogeneously dispersed carbon nanotubes (CNTs) in a polymer and by the fabrica- tion of an organic thin film transistor. An organic solar cell was fabricated from these com

Hong, Soon Hyung

7

Development of New Building Blocks for Constructing Novel Polymer Semiconductors for Organic Thin Film Transistors.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Organic semiconductors are envisioned to have widespread applications in flexible displays, radio-frequency identification (RFID) tags, bio- and chem-sensors, as well as organic solar cells. Polymer… (more)

Yan, Zhuangqing

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

8

Chemical anchoring of organic conducting polymers to semiconducting surfaces  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

According to the present invention, an improved method of coating electrodes with conductive polymer films and/or preselected catalysts is provided. The charge conductive polymer is covalently or coordinatively attached to the electrode surface to strengthen the adhesion characteristics of the polymer to the electrode surface or to improve charge conductive properties between the conductive polymer and the electrode surface. Covalent or coordinative attachment is achieved by a number of alternative methods including covalently or coordinatively attaching the desired monomer to the electrode by means of a suitable coupling reagent and, thereafter, electrochemically polymerizing the monomer in situ.

Frank, A.J.; Honda, K.

1984-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

9

Chemical anchoring of organic conducting polymers to semiconducting surfaces  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

According to the present invention, an improved method of coating electrodes with conductive polymer films and/or preselected catalysts is provided. The charge-conductive polymer is covalently or coordinatively attached to the electrode surface to strengthen the adhesion characteristics of the polymer to the electrode surface or to improve charge-conductive properties between the conductive polymer and the electrode surface. Covalent or coordinative attachment is achieved by a number of alternative methods including covalently or coordinatively attaching the desired monomer to the electrode by means of a suitable coupling reagent and, thereafter, electrochemically polymerizing the monomer in situ.

Frank, Arthur J. (Lakewood, CO); Honda, Kenji (Wheatridge, CO)

1984-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

10

Structure-Function Relationships in Semiconducting Polymers for Organic Photovoltaics  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

be referenced to the solar spectrum after interactions withpoor overlap with the solar spectrum. The polymers presentedoverlap with the solar spectrum. Figure 2.8 Photovoltaic

Kavulak, David Fredric Joel

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

11

Absorbing More of the Rainbow with Polymer-Based Organic Photovoltaics...  

Office of Science (SC) Website

Energy Nanoscience where a novel class of polymers was recently introduced into organic solar cells to improve and extend their light harvesting ability and to attain new highs in...

12

Organic optoelectronic devices based on platinum(ii) complexes and polymers  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this study, the syntheses and characterizations of platinum(II) complexes and polymers for applications in organic optoelectronic devices, such as light-emitting devices (LEDs) and photovoltaic (PV) cells, were explored in detail. The photoluminescent ...

Hai-Feng Xiang

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

13

Polymers  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... developer solution, a photoacid generator (PAG), and ... also provided the first direct evidence of ... decreasing pressure required to drive the polymer ...

2012-10-02T23:59:59.000Z

14

Solution processable organic polymers and small molecules for bulk-heterojunction solar cells: A review  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Solution processed bulk heterojunction (BHJ) organic solar cells (OSCs) have gained wide interest in past few years and are established as one of the leading next generation photovoltaic technologies for low cost power production. Power conversion efficiencies up to 6% and 6.5% have been reported in the literature for single layer and tandem solar cells, respectively using conjugated polymers. A recent record efficiency about 8.13% with active area of 1.13 cm{sup 2} has been reported. However Solution processable small molecules have been widely applied for photovoltaic (PV) devices in recent years because they show strong absorption properties, and they can be easily purified and deposited onto flexible substrates at low cost. Introducing different donor and acceptor groups to construct donor--acceptor (D--A) structure small molecules has proved to be an efficient way to improve the properties of organic solar cells (OSCs). The power conversion efficiency about 4.4 % has been reported for OSCs based on the small molecules. This review deals with the recent progress of solution processable D--A structure small molecules and discusses the key factors affecting the properties of OSCs based on D--A structure small molecules: sunlight absorption, charge transport and the energy level of the molecules.

Sharma, G. D. [Physics Department, Molecular Electronic and Optoelectronic Device Laboratory JNV University, Jodhpur (Raj.) 342005 (India)

2011-10-20T23:59:59.000Z

15

Self-organized Nano-lens Arrays by Intensified Dewetting of Electron Beam Modified Polymer Thin-films  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Sub-100 nm polymeric spherical plano-convex nano-lens arrays are fabricated using short electron beam exposures to selectively modify the ultrathin (nano-lenses. The intensified self-organized dewetting under a water-organic solvent mixture overcomes the limitations on surface tension and dewetting force and thus facilitates the formation of sub-100 nm diameter polymer nanolenses of tunable curvature. By varying the extent of e-beam exposure, various configurations from isolated to connected nano-lens arrays can be fabricated.

Ankur Verma; Ashutosh Sharma

2011-09-18T23:59:59.000Z

16

Thermodynamic studies on the solvent effects in molecularly imprinted polymers. 2. Concentration of the organic modifier  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The effects of the organic modifier concentration on the isotherm parameters of the two enantiomers of Fmoc-tryptophan (Fmoc-l,d-Trp) on an Fmoc-l-Trp-imprinted polymer were investigated over a wide concentration range (0.005-100 mM), using frontal analysis. The modifier was acetic acid; concentrations of 0.2, 0.9, 1.7, and 3.7 M in an acetonitrile-based mobile phase were studied. At each concentration, adsorption isotherm data were acquired for each enantiomer. From these data, the isotherm parameters of each compound were derived from nonlinear isotherm fitting and the affinity energy distributions were calculated independently. We found that three types of sites coexist for Fmoc-l-Trp but only two types of sites for Fmoc-d-Trp, except at the lowest acetic acid concentration (0.2 M), at which three types of sites coexist. Increasing the acetic acid concentration decreases the selectivity and the overall affinity of both enantiomers. The overall affinity of Fmoc-l-Trp is dominated by the contribution of the low-density highest energy sites while that of Fmoc-d-Trp is dominated by the most abundant, low-energy sites. For the low-energy sites, increasing the acetic acid concentration affects the association constant of the enantiomers more than the number of corresponding sites. In contrast, for the highest energy sites (sites that exist only for Fmoc-l-Trp), increasing the concentration of acetic acid affects significantly the number of sites but hardly changes the association constant.

Kim, Hyunjung [University of Tennessee, Knoxville (UTK); Guiochon, Georges A [ORNL

2005-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

17

Co-assembly of Zn(SPh){sub 2} and organic linkers into helical and zig-zag polymer chains  

SciTech Connect

Two novel one-dimensional coordination polymers, single helicate [Zn(SPh){sub 2}(TPyTA)(EG)]{sub n} (EG=ethylene glycol) (1) and zig-zag structure [Zn(SPh){sub 2}(BPyVB)]{sub n} (2), were synthesized under solvothermal conditions at 150 Degree-Sign C or room temperature by the co-assembly of Zn(SPh){sub 2} and organic linkers such as 2,4,6-tri(4-pyridyl)-1,3,5-triazine (TPyTA) and 1,3-bis(trans-4-pyridylvinyl)benzene (BPyVB). X-ray crystallography study reveals that both polymers 1 and 2 crystallize in space group P2{sub 1}/c of the monoclinic system. The solid-state UV-vis absorption spectra show that 1 and 2 have maxium absorption onsets at 400 nm and 420 nm, respectively. TGA analysis indicates that 1 and 2 are stable up to 110 Degree-Sign C and 210 Degree-Sign C. - Graphical abstract: Two novel one-dimensional coordination polymers, single helicate [Zn(SPh){sub 2}(TPyTA)(EG)]{sub n} (1) and zig-zag structure [Zn(SPh){sub 2}(BPyVB)]{sub n} (2), were synthesized. Solid-state UV-vis absorptions show that 1 and 2 have maxium absorption onsets at 400 nm and 420 nm, respectively. TGA analysis indicates that 1 and 2 are stable up to 110 Degree-Sign C and 210 Degree-Sign C. Highlights: Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Two novel one-dimensional coordination polymers have been synthesized. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer TPyTA results in helical structures in 1 while BPyVB leads to zig-zag chains in 2. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Solid-state UV-vis absorption spectra and TGA analysis of the title polymers were studied.

Liu Yi; Yu Lingmin; Loo, Say Chye Joachim [School of Materials Science and Engineering, Nanyang Technological University, Singapore 639798 (Singapore); Blair, Richard G. [Chemistry and Forensic Science, University of Central Florida, Department of Chemistry, 4000 Central Florida Blvd. P.O. Box 162366, Orlando, FL 32816-2366 (United States); Zhang Qichun, E-mail: qczhang@ntu.edu.sg [School of Materials Science and Engineering, Nanyang Technological University, Singapore 639798 (Singapore)

2012-07-15T23:59:59.000Z

18

RESEARCH ON THE ELECTRONIC AND OPTICAL PROPERTIES OF POLYMER AND OTHER ORGANIC MOLECULAR THIN FILMS  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Optical properties of highly ordered films of poly(p-phenylene) (PPP) on different substrates, thin films of mixtures of conjugated polymers, of fullerene and its composition with polymers, molecular J-aggregates of cyanine dyes in frozen matrices have been studied within the framework of the Agreement. Procedures of preparation of high-quality vacuum deposited PPP films on different substrates (ITO, Si, GaAs and etc.) were developed. Using time-correlated single photon counting technique and fluorescence spectroscopy the high quality of PPP films has been confirmed. Dependence of structure and optical properties on the conditions of preparation were investigated. The fluorescence lifetime and spectra of highly oriented vacuum deposited PPP films were studied as a function of the degree of polymerization. It was shown for the first time that the maximum fluorescence quantum yield is achieved for the chain length approximately equal to 35 monomer units. The selective excitation of luminescence of thin films of PPP was performed in the temperature range from 5 to 300 K. The total intensity of luminescence monotonically decreases with decreasing temperature. Conditions of preparation of highly cristallyne fullerene C{sub 60} films by the method of vacuum deposition were found. Composites of C{sub 60} with conjugated polymers PPV and polyacetylene (PA) were prepared. The results on fluorescence quenching, IR and resonant Raman spectroscopy are consistent with earlier reported ultrafast photoinduced electron transfer from PPV to C{sub 60} and show that the electron transfer is absent in the case of the PA-C{sub 60} composition. Strong quenching of PPV fluorescence was observed in the PPV-PA blends. The electron transfer from PPV to PA can be considered as one of the possible mechanisms of this quenching. The dynamics of photoexcitations in different types of J-aggregates of the carbocyanine dye was studied at different temperatures in frozen matrices. The optical properties of relatively simple J-aggregates with pure intrasegment relaxation, which they have found, may clarify the problem of the relationship between intrasegment and intersegment processes in the formation of luminescent states in more complicated conjugated polymers, which is important for construction of electroluminescence and photosensitive devices.

ALEXEI G. VITUKHNOVSKY; IGOR I. SOBELMAN - RUSSIAN ACADEMY OF SCIENCES

1995-09-06T23:59:59.000Z

19

Study of organic molecules and nano-particle/polymer composites for flash memory and switch applications  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Organic materials exhibit fascinating optical and electronic properties which motivate their hybridization with traditional silicon-based electronics in order to achieve novel functionalities and address scaling challenges ...

Paydavosi, Sarah

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

20

Sputtered Nickel Oxide Thin Film for Efficient Hole Transport Layer in Polymer-Fullerene Bulk-Heterojunction Organic Solar Cell  

SciTech Connect

Bulk-heterojunction (BHJ) organic photovoltaics (OPV) are very promising thin film renewable energy conversion technologies due to low production cost by high-throughput roll-to-roll manufacturing, an expansive list of compatible materials, and flexible device fabrication. An important aspect of OPV device efficiency is good contact engineering. The use of oxide thin films for this application offers increased design flexibility and improved chemical stability. Here we present our investigation of radio frequency magnetron sputtered nickel oxide (NiO{sub x}) deposited from oxide targets as an efficient, easily scalable hole transport layer (HTL) with variable work-function, ranging from 4.8 to 5.8 eV. Differences in HTL work-function were not found to result in statistically significant changes in open circuit voltage (V{sub oc}) for poly(3-hexylthiophene):[6,6]-phenyl-C{sub 61}-butyric acid methyl ester (P3HT:PCBM) BHJ device. Ultraviolet photoemission spectroscopy (UPS) characterization of the NiO{sub x} film and its interface with the polymer shows Fermi level alignment of the polymer with the NiO{sub x} film. UPS of the blend also demonstrates Fermi level alignment of the organic active layer with the HTL, consistent with the lack of correlation between V{sub oc} and HTL work-function. Instead, trends in j{sub sc}, V{sub oc}, and thus overall device performance are related to the surface treatment of the HTL prior to active layer deposition through changes in active layer thickness.

Widjonarko, N. E.; Ratcliff, E. L.; Perkins, C. L.; Sigdel, A. K.; Zakutayev, A.; Ndione, P. F.; Gillaspie, D. T.; Ginley, D. S.; Olson, D. C.; Berry, J. J.

2012-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "diabetes organic polymers" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


21

Polymer and carbon nanotube materials for chemical sensors and organic electronics  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This thesis details the development of new materials for high-performance chemical sensing as well as organic electronic applications. In Chapter 2, we develop a chemiresistive material based on single-walled carbon nanotubes ...

Wang, Fei, Ph. D. Massachusetts Institute of Technology

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

22

Polymers via chemical vapor deposition and their application to organic photovoltaics  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

There is emerging interest in the ability to fabricate organic photovoltaics (OPVs) on flexible, lightweight substrates, which could lower the cost of installation and enable new form factors for deployment. However, ...

Barr, Miles Clark

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

23

Development of hybrid organic-inorganic light emitting diodes using conducting polymers deposited by oxidative chemical vapor deposition process  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Difficulties with traditional methods of synthesis and film formation for conducting polymers, many of which are insoluble, motivate the development of CVD methods. Indeed, conjugated polymers with rigid linear backbones ...

Chelawat, Hitesh

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

24

Polymer flood filtration improvement  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A process of recovery of hydrocarbons from a subterranean formation (wherein an aqueous liquid is injected into an injection well and hydrocarbons are produced from a production well, wherein at least a portion of the aqueous liquid is thickened with an organic polymer, and wherein an aqueous mixture containing the organic polymer is filtered prior to injection of the polymer) is affected by adding an amount of a surfactant to the aqueous mixture containing the polymer prior to filtration and sufficient to improve filterability. Filterability is further enhanced by addition of an ethoxylated alcohol surfactant and/or an alcohol. 6 claims.

Ferrell, H.H.; Conley, D.; Casad, B.M.; Stokke, O.M.

1980-07-15T23:59:59.000Z

25

Polymer films  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A film contains a first polymer having a plurality of hydrogen bond donating moieties, and a second polymer having a plurality of hydrogen bond accepting moieties. The second polymer is hydrogen bonded to the first polymer.

Granick, Steve (Champaign, IL); Sukhishvili, Svetlana A. (Maplewood, NJ)

2008-12-30T23:59:59.000Z

26

A Key Target for Diabetes Drugs | Advanced Photon Source  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Molten Metal Solidifies into a New Kind of Glass Molten Metal Solidifies into a New Kind of Glass Organic Polymers Show Sunny Potential A New Family of Quasicrystals Cool Muscles: Storing Elastic Energy for Flight A Further Understanding of Superconductivity Science Highlights Archives: 2013 | 2012 | 2011 | 2010 2009 | 2008 | 2007 | 2006 2005 | 2004 | 2003 | 2002 2001 | 2000 | 1998 | Subscribe to APS Science Highlights rss feed A Key Target for Diabetes Drugs JULY 26, 2013 Bookmark and Share The structure of the human glucagon receptor, which could help scientists design new drugs for type 2 diabetes. (Image courtesy of Katya Kadyshevskaya, The Scripps Research Institute) The three-dimensional (3-D) atomic structure of the human glucagon receptor has been identified by an international team of researchers carrying out

27

Controlled Self Assembly of Conjugated Polymer Containing Block Copolymers  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

in dye/polymer blend photovoltaic cells. Advanced MaterialsA. J. , Polymer Photovoltaic Cells - Enhanced Efficiencies2-Layer Organic Photovoltaic Cell. Applied Physics Letters

McCulloch, Bryan

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

28

Solid polymer electrolyte lithium batteries  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

This invention pertains to Lithium batteries using Li ion (Li.sup.+) conductive solid polymer electrolytes composed of solvates of Li salts immobilized in a solid organic polymer matrix. In particular, this invention relates to Li batteries using solid polymer electrolytes derived by immobilizing solvates formed between a Li salt and an aprotic organic solvent (or mixture of such solvents) in poly(vinyl chloride).

Alamgir, Mohamed (Dedham, MA); Abraham, Kuzhikalail M. (Needham, MA)

1993-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

29

Solid polymer electrolyte lithium batteries  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

This invention pertains to Lithium batteries using Li ion (Li[sup +]) conductive solid polymer electrolytes composed of solvates of Li salts immobilized in a solid organic polymer matrix. In particular, this invention relates to Li batteries using solid polymer electrolytes derived by immobilizing solvates formed between a Li salt and an aprotic organic solvent (or mixture of such solvents) in poly(vinyl chloride). 3 figures.

Alamgir, M.; Abraham, K.M.

1993-10-12T23:59:59.000Z

30

Design and Synthesis of Chemically and Electronically Tunable Nanoporous Organic Polymers for Use in Hydrogen Storage Applications - DOE Hydrogen and Fuel Cells Program FY 2012 Annual Progress Report  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

6 6 DOE Hydrogen and Fuel Cells Program FY 2012 Annual Progress Report Hani M. El-Kaderi (Primary Contact), Mohammad G. Rabbani, Thomas E. Reich, Karl T. Jackson, Refaie M. Kassab Virginia Commonwealth University Department of Chemistry 1001 West Main St Richmond, VA 23284-2006 Phone: (804) 828-7505 Email: helkaderi@vcu.edu DOE Program Officer: Michael Sennett Phone: (301) 903-6051 Email: Michael.Sennett@science.doe.go Objectives Design and synthesis of new classes of low density * nanoporous organic polymers that are linked by strong covalent bonds and composed of chemically and electronically tunable building blocks. Use gas sorption experiments to investigate porosity and * determine hydrogen storage at variable temperature and

31

Solid polymer electrolyte compositions  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

An electrolyte composition is featured that includes a solid, ionically conductive polymer, organically modified oxide particles that include organic groups covalently bonded to the oxide particles, and an alkali metal salt. The electrolyte composition is free of lithiated zeolite. The invention also features cells that incorporate the electrolyte composition.

Garbe, James E. (Stillwater, MN); Atanasoski, Radoslav (Edina, MN); Hamrock, Steven J. (St. Paul, MN); Le, Dinh Ba (St. Paul, MN)

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

32

1 Chapter 37 - SANS FROM POLYMER SOLUTIONS ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... Polymers that dissolve in organic solvents tend to be characterized by a UCST whereas water-soluble polymers tend to follow LCST ... Q(Pv n B )Q(Pv ...

2009-11-29T23:59:59.000Z

33

Composite Membranes for CO2 Capture: High Performance Metal Organic Frameworks/Polymer Composite Membranes for Carbon Dioxide Capture  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

IMPACCT Project: A team of six faculty members at Georgia Tech are developing an enhanced membrane by fitting metal organic frameworks, compounds that show great promise for improved carbon capture, into hollow fiber membranes. This new material would be highly efficient at removing CO2 from the flue gas produced at coal-fired power plants. The team is analyzing thousands of metal organic frameworks to identify those that are most suitable for carbon capture based both on their ability to allow coal exhaust to pass easily through them and their ability to select CO2 from that exhaust for capture and storage. The most suitable frameworks would be inserted into the walls of the hollow fiber membranes, making the technology readily scalable due to their high surface area. This composite membrane would be highly stable, withstanding the harsh gas environment found in coal exhaust.

None

2010-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

34

Fabrication and Characterization of Organic Solar Cells  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

processable polymer photovoltaic cells by self?organization Photodiodes,  and  Photovoltaic  Cells.   Applied Physics F,  Heeger  AJ.   Polymer  Photovoltaic  Cells  ?  Enhanced 

Yengel, Emre

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

35

Organization  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Organization Print Organization Print 2012-12 org chart A complete ALS organization chart (June 2013) is available in PDF. Appointed and elected members of advisory panels provide guidance to Berkeley Lab and ALS management in developing the ALS scientific and user programs. ALS Staff Photo staff photo thumb Click on the image to see a recent photo of ALS staff in front of the dome. The photo was taken on May 14, 2013. ALS Management and Advisory Team Steve Kevan, Deputy Division Director, Science Michael J. Banda, Deputy Division Director, Operations Robert W. Schoenlein, Senior Staff Scientist, Next Generation Light Source Initiative Janos Kirz, Scientific Advisor Paul Adams, Division Deputy for Biosciences ALS Scientific, Technical, and User Support Groups Accelerator Physics

36

Stimuli-responsive polymer-grafted lipid-based complex fluids as organized media for supramolecular photochemistry  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Recent studies involving the use of micelles, reverse micelles, and microemulsions as organized microheterogeneous media for effecting photochemical transformations have led to growing recognition that the nature of the reaction medium (i.e., microenvironment) may strongly influence the course and efficiency of photoinduced electron transfer. Of particular interest in photochemical energy conversion research is the study of such effects in natural photosynthesis, the process whereby plants and photosynthetic bacteria convert light into chemical energy. The primary process in photosynthesis occurs in trasmembrane pigment-protein complexes called reaction centers (RCs), where following the absorption of light, primary charge separation occurs. This electrochemical energy is stored, and the initial charge separation used to drive all subsequent electron and proton transfer reactions in photosynthesis. One area of current research interest is the determination of the effect of conformational changes in detergent-solubilized RCs on electron transfer. In this report, the authors consider a related issue: the introduction of RCs into biomembrane mimetics and its impact on protein conformation, orientation, and function. As a medium for these studies, they have employed a recently developed stimulus-responsive complex fluid (smart material) that possesses the ability to respond to an environmental change/external stimulus on a molecular level and amplify it in the form of a macroscopically observable phase/structural change.

Firestone, M. A.; Tiede, D. M.; Seifert, S.; Thiyagarajan, P.

2000-02-11T23:59:59.000Z

37

Field Guide: Visual Inspection of Polymer Insulators  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The Field Guide: Visual Inspection of Polymer Insulators visually catalogs the various condition issues that commonly affect transmission line polymer insulators (also known as composite or non-ceramic insulators (NCIs)). The guide is conveniently organized according to the portion of the polymer insulator affected, and includes a section on failure modes, indicating the key features and root ...

2013-10-28T23:59:59.000Z

38

ORGANIC PHOTOVOLTAIC DEVICE OPTIMIZATION .  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Polymer based organic photovoltaic (OPV) is making great progress on solar cell performance in the past decade. As a potential alternative to conventional expensive photovoltaic… (more)

Nie, Wanyi

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

39

Structure of All-Polymer Solar Cells Impedes Efficiency  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Structure of All-Polymer Solar Cells Impedes Efficiency Print Organic solar cells are made of thin layers of interpenetrating structures from two different conducting organic...

40

Conductive polymer-based material  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Disclosed are polymer-based coatings and materials comprising (i) a polymeric composition including a polymer having side chains along a backbone forming the polymer, at least two of the side chains being substituted with a heteroatom selected from oxygen, nitrogen, sulfur, and phosphorus and combinations thereof; and (ii) a plurality of metal species distributed within the polymer. At least a portion of the heteroatoms may form part of a chelation complex with some or all of the metal species. In many embodiments, the metal species are present in a sufficient concentration to provide a conductive material, e.g., as a conductive coating on a substrate. The conductive materials may be useful as the thin film conducting or semi-conducting layers in organic electronic devices such as organic electroluminescent devices and organic thin film transistors.

McDonald, William F. (Utica, OH); Koren, Amy B. (Lansing, MI); Dourado, Sunil K. (Ann Arbor, MI); Dulebohn, Joel I. (Lansing, MI); Hanchar, Robert J. (Charlotte, MI)

2007-04-17T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "diabetes organic polymers" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


41

Sustainable Polymers Staff  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Sustainable Polymers Staff Directory. Kathryn Beers, Group Leader. ... Contact. Sustainable Polymers Kathryn L. Beers, Group Leader. ...

2013-07-09T23:59:59.000Z

42

New functional polymers for sensors, smart materials and solar cells  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Organic polymers can be used as the active component of sensors, smart materials, chemical-delivery systems and the active layer of solar cells. The rational design and modification of the chemical structure of polymers ...

Lobez Comeras, Jose Miguel

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

43

Polymer flooding  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This book covers all aspects of polymer flooding, an enhanced oil recovery method using water soluble polymers to increase the viscosity of flood water, for the displacement of crude oil from porous reservoir rocks. Although this method is becoming increasingly important, there is very little literature available for the engineer wishing to embark on such a project. In the past, polymer flooding was mainly the subject of research. The results of this research are spread over a vast number of single publications, making it difficult for someone who has not kept up-to-date with developments during the last 10-15 years to judge the suitability of polymer flooding to a particular field case. This book tries to fill that gap. An indispensable book for reservoir engineers, production engineers and lab. technicians within the petroleum industry.

Littmann, W.

1988-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

44

Organic metal neutron detector  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A device for detection of neutrons comprises: as an active neutron sensing element, a conductive organic polymer having an electrical conductivity and a cross-section for said neutrons whereby a detectable change in said conductivity is caused by impingement of said neutrons on the conductive organic polymer which is responsive to a property of said polymer which is altered by impingement of said neutrons on the polymer; and means for associating a change in said alterable property with the presence of neutrons at the location of said device.

Butler, M.A.; Ginley, D.S.

1984-11-21T23:59:59.000Z

45

Nanoimprint Lithography for Functional Polymer Patterning  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Organic semiconductors have generated huge interested in recent years for low-cost and flexible electronics. Current and future device applications for semiconducting polymers include light-emitting diodes, thin-film transistors, photovoltaic cells, chemical and biological sensors, photodetectors, lasers, and memories. The performance of conjugated polymer devices depends on two major factors: the chain conformation in polymer film and the device architecture. Highly ordered chain structure usually leads to much improved performance by enhancing interchain interaction to facilitate carrier transport. The goal of this research is to improve the performance of organic devices with the nanoimprint lithography. The work begins with the controlling of polymer chain orientation in patterned nanostructures through nanoimprint mold design and process parameter manipulation, and studying the effect of chain ordering on material properties. After that, step-and-repeat thermal nanoimprint technique for large-scale continuous manufacturing of conjugated polymer nanostructures is developed. The actual chain orientation of molecular groups in polymer micro- and nanostructures patterning by nanoimprint is complicated. However, this information is crucial for intelligently controlling the electrical and photophysical properties of conjugated polymers by nanoimprint. Systematic investigation of polymer chain configuration by Raman spectroscopy is carried out to understand how nanoimprint process parameters, such as mold pattern size, temperature, and polymer molecular weight, affects polymer chain configuration. The results indicate that chain orientation in nanoimprinted polymer micro- and nanostructures is highly related to the nanoimprint temperature and the dimensions of the mold structures. The ability to create nanoscale polymer micro- and nanostructures and manipulate their internal chain conformation establishes an original experimental platform that enables studying the properties of functional polymers at the micro- and nanoscale and understanding their fundamental structure-property relationships. In addition to the impact on basic research, the techniques developed in this work are important in applied research and development. Large-area conjugated polymer micro- and nanostructures can be easily fabricated by thermal step-and-repeat nanoimprint for organic flat-panel displays, organic circuits and organic solar panels. The ability to manipulate chain orientation through nanoimprint presents a new route to fine-tune the electrical and photophysical properties of conjugated polymers, which can lead to improved performance for all organic electronics. The techniques developed here also allow for easy incorporation of other micro- and nanoscale soft functional polymers in miniaturized devices and systems for new applications in electronics, photonics, sensors and bioengineering.

Cui, Dehu

2011-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

46

Antimicrobial Polymer  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A polymeric composition having antimicrobial properties and a process for rendering the surface of a substrate antimicrobial are disclosed. The polymeric composition comprises a crosslinked chemical combination of (i) a polymer having amino group-containing side chains along a backbone forming the polymer, (ii) an antimicrobial agent selected from metals, metal alloys, metal salts, metal complexes and mixtures thereof, and (iii) a crosslinking agent containing functional groups capable of reacting with the amino groups. In one example embodiment, the polymer is a polyamide formed from a maleic anhydride or maleic acid ester monomer and alkylamines thereby producing a polyamide having amino substituted alkyl chains on one side of the polyamide backbone; the crosslinking agent is a phosphine having the general formula (A).sub.3 P wherein A is hydroxyalkyl; and the metallic antimicrobial agent is selected from chelated silver ions, silver metal, chelated copper ions, copper metal, chelated zinc ions, zinc metal and mixtures thereof.

McDonald, William F. (Utica, OH); Wright, Stacy C. (Flint, MI); Taylor, Andrew C. (Ann Arbor, MI)

2004-09-28T23:59:59.000Z

47

Antimocrobial Polymer  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A polymeric composition having antimicrobial properties and a process for rendering the surface of a substrate antimicrobial are disclosed. The composition comprises a crosslinked chemical combination of (i) a polymer having amino group-containing side chains along a backbone forming the polymer, (ii) an antimicrobial agent selected from quaternary ammonium compounds, gentian violet compounds, substituted or unsubstituted phenols, biguanide compounds, iodine compounds, and mixtures thereof, and (iii) a crosslinking agent containing functional groups capable of reacting with the amino groups. In one embodiment, the polymer is a polyamide formed from a maleic anhydride or maleic acid ester monomer and alkylamines thereby producing a polyamide having amino substituted alkyl chains on one side of the polyamide backbone; the crosslinking agent is a phosphine having the general formula (A)3P wherein A is hydroxyalkyl; and the antimicrobial agent is chlorhexidine, dimethylchlorophenol, cetyl pyridinium chloride, gentian violet, triclosan, thymol, iodine, and mixtures thereof.

McDonald, William F. (Utica, OH); Huang, Zhi-Heng (Walnut Creek, CA); Wright, Stacy C. (Columbus, GA)

2005-09-06T23:59:59.000Z

48

Silylene- and disilyleneacetylene polymers from trichloroethylene  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Organosilane polymers having recurring silyleneacetylene and/or disilyleneacetylene units are prepared in a one-pot synthesis from trichloroethylene. Depending on the organic substituents (R and R'), these polymers have useful film-forming properties, and are converted to the ceramic, silicon carbide upon heating in very uniform high yields. They can also be pulled into fibers.

Barton, Thomas J. (Ames, IA); Ijadi-Maghsoodi, Sina (Ames, IA)

1990-07-10T23:59:59.000Z

49

Photovoltaic Cells Based on Conducting Polymers and Perylene Diimides: Preprint  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Presented at the 2001 NCPV Program Review Meeting: Initial results on novel energy conversion device using both semiconducting polymers and organic small molecules as photoactive layers.

Breeze, A.; Salomon, A.; Ginley, D.; Gregg, B.

2001-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

50

Piezoelectric biosensor with a ladder polymer substrate coating  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A piezoelectric biosensor substrate useful for immobilizing biomolecules in an oriented manner on the surface of a piezoelectric sensor has a ladder polymer of polyacrylonitrile. To make the substrate, a solution of an organic polymer, preferably polyacrylonitrile, is applied to the surface of a piezoelectric sensor. The organic polymer is modifying by heating the polymer in a controlled fashion in air such that a ladder polymer is produced which, in turn, forms the attachment point for the biomolecules comprising the piezoelectric biosensor. 3 figs.

Renschler, C.L.; White, C.A.; Carter, R.M.

1998-09-29T23:59:59.000Z

51

Dual function conducting polymer diodes  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Dual function diodes based on conjugated organic polymer active layers are disclosed. When positively biased the diodes function as light emitters. When negatively biased they are highly efficient photodiodes. Methods of preparation and use of these diodes in displays and input/output devices are also disclosed.

Heeger, Alan J. (Santa Barbara, CA); Yu, Gang (Goleta, CA)

1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

52

Conductive Polymers  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Electroluminescent devices such as light-emitting diodes (LED) and high-energy density batteries. These new polymers offer cost savings, weight reduction, ease of processing, and inherent rugged design compared to conventional semiconductor materials. The photovoltaic industry has grown more than 30% during the past three years. Lightweight, flexible solar modules are being used by the U.S. Army and Marine Corps for field power units. LEDs historically used for indicator lights are now being investigated for general lighting to replace fluorescent and incandescent lights. These so-called solid-state lights are becoming more prevalent across the country since they produce efficient lighting with little heat generation. Conductive polymers are being sought for battery development as well. Considerable weight savings over conventional cathode materials used in secondary storage batteries make portable devices easier to carry and electric cars more efficient and nimble. Secondary battery sales represent an $8 billion industry annually. The purpose of the project was to synthesize and characterize conductive polymers. TRACE Photonics Inc. has researched critical issues which affect conductivity. Much of their work has focused on production of substituted poly(phenylenevinylene) compounds. These compounds exhibit greater solubility over the parent polyphenylenevinylene, making them easier to process. Alkoxy substituted groups evaluated during this study included: methoxy, propoxy, and heptyloxy. Synthesis routes for production of alkoxy-substituted poly phenylenevinylene were developed. Considerable emphasis was placed on final product yield and purity.

Bohnert, G.W.

2002-11-22T23:59:59.000Z

53

Electrochemical storage cell containing a substituted anisole or di-anisole redox shuttle additive for overcharge protection and suitable for use in liquid organic and solid polymer electrolytes  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A electrochemical cell is described comprising an anode, a cathode, a solid polymer electrolyte; and a redox shuttle additive to protect the cell against overcharging and a redox shuttle additive to protect the cell against overcharging selected from the group consisting of: (a) a substituted anisole having the general formula shown in a figure (in an uncharged state): where R{sub 1} is selected from the group consisting of H, 0CH{sub 3}, OCH{sub 2}CH{sub 3}, and OCH{sub 2}phenyl, and R{sub 2} is selected from the group consisting of OCH{sub 3}, OCH{sub 2}CH{sub 3}, OCH{sub 2} phenyl, and O{sup {minus}}Li{sup +}; and (b) a di-anisole compound having the general formula shown in a second figure (in an uncharged state): where R is selected from the group consisting of -OCH{sup 3} and -CH{sub 3}, m is either 1 or 0, n is either 1 or 0, and X is selected from the group consisting of -OCH{sub 3} (methoxy) or its lithium salt -O{sup {minus}}Li{sup +}. The lithium salt of the di-anisole is the preferred form of the redox shuttle additive because the shuttle anion will then initially have a single negative charge, it loses two electrons when it is oxidized at the cathode, and then moves toward the anode as a single positively charged species where it is then reduced to a single negatively charged species by gaining back two electrons.

Kerr, John B.; Tian, Minmin

1998-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

54

Polymers with increased order  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

The invention features polymers with increased order, and methods of making them featuring a dense gas.

Sawan, Samuel P. (Tyngsborough, MA); Talhi, Abdelhafid (Rochester, MI); Taylor, Craig M. (Jemez Springs, NM)

1998-08-25T23:59:59.000Z

55

SULFUR POLYMER ENCAPSULATION.  

SciTech Connect

Sulfur polymer cement (SPC) is a thermoplastic polymer consisting of 95 wt% elemental sulfur and 5 wt% organic modifiers to enhance long-term durability. SPC was originally developed by the U.S. Bureau of Mines as an alternative to hydraulic cement for construction applications. Previous attempts to use elemental sulfur as a construction material in the chemical industry failed due to premature degradation. These failures were caused by the internal stresses that result from changes in crystalline structure upon cooling of the material. By reacting elemental sulfur with organic polymers, the Bureau of Mines developed a product that successfully suppresses the solid phase transition and significantly improves the stability of the product. SPC, originally named modified sulfur cement, is produced from readily available, inexpensive waste sulfur derived from desulfurization of both flue gases and petroleum. The commercial production of SPC is licensed in the United States by Martin Resources (Odessa, Texas) and is marketed under the trade name Chement 2000. It is sold in granular form and is relatively inexpensive ({approx}$0.10 to 0.12/lb). Application of SPC for the treatment of radioactive, hazardous, and mixed wastes was initially developed and patented by Brookhaven National Laboratory (BNL) in the mid-1980s (Kalb and Colombo, 1985; Colombo et al., 1997). The process was subsequently investigated by the Commission of the European Communities (Van Dalen and Rijpkema, 1989), Idaho National Engineering Laboratory (Darnell, 1991), and Oak Ridge National Laboratory (Mattus and Mattus, 1994). SPC has been used primarily in microencapsulation applications but can also be used for macroencapsulation of waste. SPC microencapsulation has been demonstrated to be an effective treatment for a wide variety of wastes, including incinerator hearth and fly ash; aqueous concentrates such as sulfates, borates, and chlorides; blowdown solutions; soils; and sludges. It is not recommended for treatment of wastes containing high concentrations of nitrates because of potentially dangerous reactions between sulfur, nitrate, and trace quantities of organics. Recently, the process has been adapted for the treatment of liquid elemental mercury and mercury contaminated soil and debris.

KALB, P.

2001-08-22T23:59:59.000Z

56

Solvent-enhanced Dye Diffusion in Polymer This-Films for OLED Application F. Pschenitzka, K. Long, and J. C. Sturm  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

in polymer films for organic light-emitting diode (OLED) application is introduced. After an initial dye coumarin 47, coumarin 6 and Nile red. INTRODUCTION Polymer based organic light-emitting diodes (OLEDs) have

57

Polymer gel molds  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A polymer gel is formed into a mold defining a preselected shape. A flowable composition may be formed into a preselected shape via contact with the polymer gel mold.

Walls, Claudia A. (Oak Ridge, TN); Nunn, Stephen D. (Knoxville, TN); Janney, Mark A. (Knoxville, TN); McMillan, April D. (Knoxville, TN); Kirby, Glen H. (Knoxville, TN)

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

58

Stiff Quantum Polymers  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

At ultralow temperatures, polymers exhibit quantum behavior, which is calculated here for the moments and of the end-to-end distribution in the large-stiffness regime. The result should be measurable for polymers in wide optical traps.

H. Kleinert

2007-01-02T23:59:59.000Z

59

Insulating polymer concrete  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A lightweight insulating polymer concrete formed from a lightweight closed cell aggregate and a water resistance polymeric binder.

Schorr, H. Peter (Douglaston, NY); Fontana, Jack J. (Shirley, NY); Steinberg, Meyer (Melville, NY)

1987-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

60

Polymer flooding review  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper reviews published results of the use of polymers to improve oil recovery. A discussion of the capabilities of the available types of polymers and where they have been successful is coupled with the principles of the mechanisms of polymer flooding to serve as a guide for future applications. The scope of this review is limited to case histories where full-scale polymer floods were applied, as opposed to near-well treatments.

Needham, R.B.; Doe, P.H.

1987-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "diabetes organic polymers" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


61

Polymer Formation at Surfaces  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Facile Native Oxide Based Passivation of Silicon: An Unconventional Approach · Hybrid Polymer-nanocrystal Multilayered Architectures for High-performance ...

62

Molecular design of conjugated polymers for the control of conformation, electronics and self-assembly  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The design, synthesis and characterization of organic electronic materials, in particular luminescent conjugated polymers, with structural motifs that allow for the controlled modulation of their photophysical properties ...

Bouffard, Jean, Ph. D. Massachusetts Institute of Technology

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

63

Nanoporous polymer electrolyte  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A nanoporous polymer electrolyte and methods for making the polymer electrolyte are disclosed. The polymer electrolyte comprises a crosslinked self-assembly of a polymerizable salt surfactant, wherein the crosslinked self-assembly includes nanopores and wherein the crosslinked self-assembly has a conductivity of at least 1.0.times.10.sup.-6 S/cm at 25.degree. C. The method of making a polymer electrolyte comprises providing a polymerizable salt surfactant. The method further comprises crosslinking the polymerizable salt surfactant to form a nanoporous polymer electrolyte.

Elliott, Brian (Wheat Ridge, CO); Nguyen, Vinh (Wheat Ridge, CO)

2012-04-24T23:59:59.000Z

64

Silylene-diethynyl-arylene polymers having liquid crystalline properties  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

The present invention provides linear organosilicon polymers including diethynyl-(substituted)arylene units, and a process for their preparation. These novel polymers possess useful properties including electrical conductivity, liquid crystallinity, and/or photoluminescence. These polymers possess good solubility in organic solvents. A preferred example is produced according to the following reaction scheme. ##STR1## These polymers can be solvent-cast to yield excellent films and can also be pulled into fibers from concentrated solutions. All possess substantial crystallinity as revealed by DSC analysis and observation through a polarizing microscope, and possess liquid crystalline properties.

Barton, Thomas J. (Ames, IA); Ding, Yiwei (Ames, IA)

1993-09-07T23:59:59.000Z

65

Polymer Insulator Vintage Guide  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

For more than 30 years, polymer long rod suspension insulators have been available and used on transmission lines. The primary functions of polymer insulatorsalso called composite insulators or nonceramic insulatorsare to provide 1) mechanical strength to attach the conductors to the structures and 2) electrical insulation between the conductors and the structure. Initially, the use of polymer insulators was limited because utilities had limited experience; however, today, the use is more widespread. Con...

2011-12-12T23:59:59.000Z

66

Controlled Structure of Organic-Nanomaterial Solar Cells - Energy ...  

Technology Marketing Summary Organic, polymer-based solar cells—lightweight alternatives to conventional, silicon-based solar cells—have great potential for ...

67

Controlled Structure of Organic-Nanomaterial Solar Cells  

By controlling the molecular shape, structure, and pattern of the materials in organic, polymer-based solar cells, Alex Zettl and Jeffrey Grossman of Berkeley Lab ...

68

Innovative approaches to improve bulk heterojuction organic photovoltaic device performance.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??In this thesis we studied the electrical properties of bulk heterojunction organic photovoltaic (OPV) devices fabricated using a variety of conjugated polymers, including regioregular P3HT,… (more)

Zhang, Ye

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

69

Structure of All-Polymer Solar Cells Impedes Efficiency  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Structure of All-Polymer Solar Structure of All-Polymer Solar Cells Impedes Efficiency Structure of All-Polymer Solar Cells Impedes Efficiency Print Wednesday, 27 October 2010 00:00 Organic solar cells are made of thin layers of interpenetrating structures from two different conducting organic materials and are increasingly popular because they are both potentially cheaper to make than those currently in use and can be "painted" or printed onto a variety of surfaces, including flexible films made from the same material as most soda bottles. A large community is exploring a number of promising material combinations (polymer/fullerene, polymer/inorganic, all-polymer, and dye-sensitized cells), seeking a deeper understanding of their fundamental structure, operation, and limitations. A team of researchers from North Carolina State University and the UK has now found, through microscopy and resonant scattering and reflectivity studies at ALS Beamlines 6.3.2 and 5.3.2, that the low rate of energy conversion in model all-polymer solar cells is caused by domains that are too large and interfaces that are not sharp enough. This insight will lead to new approaches to all-polymer device technology that will help realize the intrinsic potential of these materials.

70

Stiff quantum polymers  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

At ultralow temperatures, polymers exhibit quantum behavior, which is calculated here for the second and fourth moments of the end-to-end distribution in the large-stiffness regime. The result should be measurable for polymers in wide optical traps.

H. Kleinert

2009-10-19T23:59:59.000Z

71

Personalized diabetes management  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In this thesis, we present a system to make personalized lifestyle and health decisions for diabetes management, as well as for general health and diet management. In particular, we address the following components of the ...

O'Hair, Allison Kelly

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

72

Method of making soluble polyacetylenic and polyaromatic polymers  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A soluble polyene polymer and a method of making the same are disclosed. The polymer is of the class suitable for doping to produce an electrically conductive polymer. The method is generally applicable to acetylenic and aromatic monomers, proven examples of which include acetylene, benzene, anthracene and napthalene. In accordance with the method, the monomer is dissolved in arsenic trifluoride. Arsenic pentafluoride is then introduced into the solution to induce polymerization by what is speculated to be an ionic polymerization reaction. The resulting polymer differs from other polyene polymers in that it is soluble in common organic solvents, and further in that it can be melted without undergoing decomposition, thereby rendering it particularly suitable for processing to form various polymeric articles.

Aldissi, Mahmoud (Los Alamos, NM); Liepins, Raimond (Los Alamos, NM)

1985-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

73

Evaluation of Radiation Resistance for Organic Materials  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

carbide fiber Evaluation of semiconductor devices for space use Creation of carnations with variety Research Activities for Quantum Beam Applications Polymer electrolyte membrane for fuel cells Silicon for organic materials used in atomic energy- related facilities J-PARC ITER Si-polymer Forming : fiber

McDonald, Kirk

74

Rechargeable solid polymer electrolyte battery cell  

SciTech Connect

A rechargeable battery cell comprising first and second electrodes sandwiching a solid polymer electrolyte comprising a layer of a polymer blend of a highly conductive polymer and a solid polymer electrolyte adjacent said polymer blend and a layer of dry solid polymer electrolyte adjacent said layer of polymer blend and said second electrode.

Skotheim, Terji (East Patchoque, NY)

1985-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

75

Structure of All-Polymer Solar Cells Impedes Efficiency  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Structure of All-Polymer Solar Cells Impedes Efficiency Print Structure of All-Polymer Solar Cells Impedes Efficiency Print Organic solar cells are made of thin layers of interpenetrating structures from two different conducting organic materials and are increasingly popular because they are both potentially cheaper to make than those currently in use and can be "painted" or printed onto a variety of surfaces, including flexible films made from the same material as most soda bottles. A large community is exploring a number of promising material combinations (polymer/fullerene, polymer/inorganic, all-polymer, and dye-sensitized cells), seeking a deeper understanding of their fundamental structure, operation, and limitations. A team of researchers from North Carolina State University and the UK has now found, through microscopy and resonant scattering and reflectivity studies at ALS Beamlines 6.3.2 and 5.3.2, that the low rate of energy conversion in model all-polymer solar cells is caused by domains that are too large and interfaces that are not sharp enough. This insight will lead to new approaches to all-polymer device technology that will help realize the intrinsic potential of these materials.

76

Structure of All-Polymer Solar Cells Impedes Efficiency  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Structure of All-Polymer Solar Cells Impedes Efficiency Print Structure of All-Polymer Solar Cells Impedes Efficiency Print Organic solar cells are made of thin layers of interpenetrating structures from two different conducting organic materials and are increasingly popular because they are both potentially cheaper to make than those currently in use and can be "painted" or printed onto a variety of surfaces, including flexible films made from the same material as most soda bottles. A large community is exploring a number of promising material combinations (polymer/fullerene, polymer/inorganic, all-polymer, and dye-sensitized cells), seeking a deeper understanding of their fundamental structure, operation, and limitations. A team of researchers from North Carolina State University and the UK has now found, through microscopy and resonant scattering and reflectivity studies at ALS Beamlines 6.3.2 and 5.3.2, that the low rate of energy conversion in model all-polymer solar cells is caused by domains that are too large and interfaces that are not sharp enough. This insight will lead to new approaches to all-polymer device technology that will help realize the intrinsic potential of these materials.

77

Structure of All-Polymer Solar Cells Impedes Efficiency  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Structure of All-Polymer Solar Cells Impedes Efficiency Print Structure of All-Polymer Solar Cells Impedes Efficiency Print Organic solar cells are made of thin layers of interpenetrating structures from two different conducting organic materials and are increasingly popular because they are both potentially cheaper to make than those currently in use and can be "painted" or printed onto a variety of surfaces, including flexible films made from the same material as most soda bottles. A large community is exploring a number of promising material combinations (polymer/fullerene, polymer/inorganic, all-polymer, and dye-sensitized cells), seeking a deeper understanding of their fundamental structure, operation, and limitations. A team of researchers from North Carolina State University and the UK has now found, through microscopy and resonant scattering and reflectivity studies at ALS Beamlines 6.3.2 and 5.3.2, that the low rate of energy conversion in model all-polymer solar cells is caused by domains that are too large and interfaces that are not sharp enough. This insight will lead to new approaches to all-polymer device technology that will help realize the intrinsic potential of these materials.

78

Structure of All-Polymer Solar Cells Impedes Efficiency  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Structure of All-Polymer Solar Cells Impedes Efficiency Print Structure of All-Polymer Solar Cells Impedes Efficiency Print Organic solar cells are made of thin layers of interpenetrating structures from two different conducting organic materials and are increasingly popular because they are both potentially cheaper to make than those currently in use and can be "painted" or printed onto a variety of surfaces, including flexible films made from the same material as most soda bottles. A large community is exploring a number of promising material combinations (polymer/fullerene, polymer/inorganic, all-polymer, and dye-sensitized cells), seeking a deeper understanding of their fundamental structure, operation, and limitations. A team of researchers from North Carolina State University and the UK has now found, through microscopy and resonant scattering and reflectivity studies at ALS Beamlines 6.3.2 and 5.3.2, that the low rate of energy conversion in model all-polymer solar cells is caused by domains that are too large and interfaces that are not sharp enough. This insight will lead to new approaches to all-polymer device technology that will help realize the intrinsic potential of these materials.

79

Structure of All-Polymer Solar Cells Impedes Efficiency  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Structure of All-Polymer Solar Cells Impedes Efficiency Print Structure of All-Polymer Solar Cells Impedes Efficiency Print Organic solar cells are made of thin layers of interpenetrating structures from two different conducting organic materials and are increasingly popular because they are both potentially cheaper to make than those currently in use and can be "painted" or printed onto a variety of surfaces, including flexible films made from the same material as most soda bottles. A large community is exploring a number of promising material combinations (polymer/fullerene, polymer/inorganic, all-polymer, and dye-sensitized cells), seeking a deeper understanding of their fundamental structure, operation, and limitations. A team of researchers from North Carolina State University and the UK has now found, through microscopy and resonant scattering and reflectivity studies at ALS Beamlines 6.3.2 and 5.3.2, that the low rate of energy conversion in model all-polymer solar cells is caused by domains that are too large and interfaces that are not sharp enough. This insight will lead to new approaches to all-polymer device technology that will help realize the intrinsic potential of these materials.

80

Sulfonated polyphenylene polymers  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Improved sulfonated polyphenylene compositions, improved polymer electrolyte membranes and nanocomposites formed there from for use in fuel cells are described herein. The improved compositions, membranes and nanocomposites formed there from overcome limitations of Nafion.RTM. membranes.

Cornelius, Christopher J. (Albuquerque, NM); Fujimoto, Cy H. (Albuquerque, NM); Hickner, Michael A. (Albuquerque, NM)

2007-11-27T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "diabetes organic polymers" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


81

Heavily fluorinated electronic polymers  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Building blocks, containing majority fluorine content by weight, for PPEs and PPVs have been synthesized. Some of the monomers were shown to give exclusively fluorous-phase soluble polymers, the syntheses of which were ...

Lim, Jeewoo

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

82

A method for separating water soluble organics from a process stream by aqueous biphasic extraction  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

The present invention relates to a method for separating water-miscible organic species from a process stream by aqueous biphasic extraction. In particular, the method includes extracting the organic species into a polymer-rich phase of an aqueous biphase system in which the process stream comprises the salt-rich phase, and, next, separating the polymer from the extracted organic species by contacting the loaded, polymer-rich phase with a water-immiscible organic phase. Alternatively, the polymer can be separated from the extracted organic species by raising the temperature of the loaded, polymer-rich phase above the cloud point, such that the polymer and the water-soluble organic species separate into two distinct aqueous phases. In either case, a substantially salt-free, concentrated aqueous solution containing the organic species is recovered.

Chaiko, David J.; Mego, William A.

1997-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

83

Enhancement of polymer cytocompatibility by nanostructuring of polymer surface  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Polymers with their advantageous physical, chemical, mechanical, and electrical properties and easy manufacturing are widely used in biology, tissue engineering, and medicine, for example, as prosthetic materials. In some cases the polymer usage may ...

Petr Slepi?ka; Nikola Slepi?ková Kasálková; Lucie Ba?áková; Zde?ka Kolská; Václav Švor?ík

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

84

Analysis of diabetic patients through their examination history  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The analysis of medical data is a challenging task for health care systems since a huge amount of interesting knowledge can be automatically mined to effectively support both physicians and health care organizations. This paper proposes a data analysis ... Keywords: Cluster analysis, Data mining, Diabetes, Patient examination history

Dario Antonelli; Elena Baralis; Giulia Bruno; Tania Cerquitelli; Silvia Chiusano; Naeem Mahoto

2013-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

85

Silyl- and disilanyl-1,3-butadiyne polymers from hexachloro-1,3-butadiene  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Organosilane polymers having recurring silylene-1,3-butadiyne and/or disilylene-1,3-butadiyne units are prepared in a one-pot synthesis from hexachlorobutadiene. Depending on the organic substituents (R and R'), these polymers have useful film-forming properties, and are converted to the ceramic, silicon carbide upon heating a very uniform high char yields. They can also be pulled into fibers. The polymers are thermally crosslinked above 100.degree. C.

Barton, Thomas J. (Ames, IA); Ijadi-Maghsoodi, Sina (Ames, IA)

1990-10-23T23:59:59.000Z

86

polymers | OpenEI  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

polymers polymers Dataset Summary Description These data files contain volume, mass, and hardness changes of elastomers and plastics representative exposed to gasoline containing various levels of ethanol. These materials are representative of those used in gasoline fuel storage and dispensing hardware. All values are compared to the original untreated condition. The data sets include results from specimens exposed directly to the fuel liquid and also a set of specimens exposed only to the fuel vapors. Source Mike Kass, Oak Ridge National Laboratory Date Released August 16th, 2012 (2 years ago) Date Updated August 16th, 2012 (2 years ago) Keywords compatibility elastomers ethanol gasoline plastics polymers Data application/vnd.openxmlformats-officedocument.spreadsheetml.sheet icon plastics_dma_results_san.xlsx (xlsx, 4.9 MiB)

87

Antithrombogenic Polymer Coating.  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

An article having a non-thrombogenic surface and a process for making the article are disclosed. The article is formed by (i) coating a polymeric substrate with a crosslinked chemical combination of a polymer having at least two amino substituted side chains, a crosslinking agent containing at least two crosslinking functional groups which react with amino groups on the polymer, and a linking agent containing a first functional group which reacts with a third functional group of the crosslinking agent, and (ii) contacting the coating on the substrate with an antithrombogenic agent which covalently bonds to a second functional group of the linking agent. In one example embodiment, the polymer is a polyamide having amino substituted alkyl chains on one side of the polyamide backbone, the crosslinking agent is a phosphine having the general formula (A).sub.3 P wherein A is hydroxyalkyl, the linking agent is a polyhydrazide and the antithrombogenic agent is heparin.

Huang, Zhi Heng (San Ramon, CA); McDonald, William F. (Utica, OH); Wright, Stacy C. (Flint, MI); Taylor, Andrew C. (Ann Arbor, MI)

2003-01-21T23:59:59.000Z

88

Inorganic polymer engineering materials  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Phosphazene-based, inorganic-polymer composites have been produced and evaluated as potential engineering materials. The thermal, chemical, and mechanical properties of several different composites made from one polymer formulation have been measured. Measured properties are very good, and the composites show excellent promise for structural applications in harsh environments. Chopped fiberglass, mineral, cellulose, and woodflour filled composites were tested. Chopped fiberglass filled composites showed the best overall properties. The phosphazene composites are very hard and rigid. They have low dielectric constants and typical linear thermal expansion coefficients for polymers. In most cases, the phosphazene materials performed as well or better than analogous, commercially available, filled phenolic composites. After 3 to 5 weeks of exposure, both the phosphazene and phenolics were degraded to aqueous bases and acids. The glass filled phosphazene samples were least affected.

Stone, M.L.

1993-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

89

PHYSICAL AGING OF PLASTICIZED POLYMER GLASS. WH ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

PHYSICAL AGING OF PLASTICIZED POLYMER GLASS. WH Han and GB McKenna, Polymers Division, Building 224, Room ...

90

Electrodeposition of conducting polymer fibers  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Conducting polymers are materials that possess the electrical conductivity of metals while still retaining the mechanical properties such as flexibility of traditional polymers. Polypyrrole (PPy) is one of the more commonly ...

Chen, Angela Y. (Angela Ying-Ju), 1982-

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

91

Shape memory polymer medical device  

SciTech Connect

A system for removing matter from a conduit. The system includes the steps of passing a transport vehicle and a shape memory polymer material through the conduit, transmitting energy to the shape memory polymer material for moving the shape memory polymer material from a first shape to a second and different shape, and withdrawing the transport vehicle and the shape memory polymer material through the conduit carrying the matter.

Maitland, Duncan (Pleasant Hill, CA); Benett, William J. (Livermore, CA); Bearinger, Jane P. (Livermore, CA); Wilson, Thomas S. (San Leandro, CA); Small, IV, Ward (Livermore, CA); Schumann, Daniel L. (Concord, CA); Jensen, Wayne A. (Livermore, CA); Ortega, Jason M. (Pacifica, CA); Marion, III, John E. (Livermore, CA); Loge, Jeffrey M. (Stockton, CA)

2010-06-29T23:59:59.000Z

92

MHK Technologies/Electroactive Polymer Artificial Muscle EPAM | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Electroactive Polymer Artificial Muscle EPAM Electroactive Polymer Artificial Muscle EPAM < MHK Technologies Jump to: navigation, search << Return to the MHK database homepage Electroactive Polymer Artificial Muscle EPAM.jpg Technology Profile Primary Organization SRI International Technology Resource Click here Wave Technology Type Click here Point Absorber - Floating Technology Description This wave powered generator is unique in that it uses SRI s Electroactive Polymer Artificial Muscle EPAM technology a rubbery material that can generate electricity by simply being stretched and allowed to return to its original shape This artificial muscle technology can generate electricity directly from the motion of waves without the need for complicated and costly hydraulic transmissions that are typically found in other wave power generators

93

High temperature polymer concrete  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

This invention is concerned with a polymer concrete composition, which is a two-component composition useful with many bases including metal. Component A, the aggregate composition, is broadly composed of silica, silica flour, portland cement, and acrylamide, whereas Component B, which is primarily vinyl and acrylyl reactive monomers, is a liquid system.

Fontana, J.J.; Reams, W.

1984-05-29T23:59:59.000Z

94

Mesoporous carbons and polymers  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A mesoporous material prepared by polymerizing a resorcinol/formaldehyde system from an aqueous solution containing resorcinol, formaldehyde and a surfactant and optionally pyrolyzing the polymer to form a primarily carbonaceous solid. The material has an average pore size between 4 and 75 nm and is suitable for use in liquid-phase surface limited applications, including sorbent, catalytic, and electrical applications.

Bell, William (Boulder, CO); Dietz, Steven (Denver, CO)

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

95

Durable metallized polymer mirror  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A metallized polymer mirror construction is disclosed having improved durability against delamination and tunneling, comprising: an outer layer of polymeric material; a metal oxide layer underlying the outer layer of polymeric material; a silver reflective layer underneath the metal oxide layer; and a layer of adhesive attaching the silver layer to a substrate. 6 figs.

Schissel, P.O.; Kennedy, C.E.; Jorgensen, G.J.; Shinton, Y.D.; Goggin, R.M.

1994-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

96

Candidate Biomarkers for Type 2 Diabetes - Available ...  

The current gold standard for diagnosing pre-diabetes and type 2 diabetes is the oral glucose tolerance test (OGTT), which is used to determine ...

97

Energetic Barrier Prevents Recombination in Organic Solar Photoconversion Systems (Fact Sheet)  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

NREL researchers unravel the factors that affect charge generation and loss in high-performance conjugated polymer-fullerene blends used in organic solar cells.

Not Available

2012-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

98

Oxidative chemical vapor deposition of conductive polymers for use in novel photovoltaic device architectures  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The conductive polymer poly(3,4-ethylenedioxythiophene), (PEDOT), deposited via oxidative chemical vapor deposition (oCVD) has been investigated for use in organic electronic devices. The oCVD process as well as the ...

Howden, Rachel M. (Rachel Mary)

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

99

Solid polymer electrolytes  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

This invention relates to Li ion (Li{sup +}) conductive solid polymer electrolytes composed of poly(vinyl sulfone) and lithium salts, and their use in all-solid-state rechargeable lithium ion batteries. The lithium salts comprise low lattice energy lithium salts such as LiN(CF{sub 3}SO{sub 2}){sub 2}, LiAsF{sub 6}, and LiClO{sub 4}. 2 figs.

Abraham, K.M.; Alamgir, M.; Choe, H.S.

1995-12-12T23:59:59.000Z

100

Solid polymer electrolytes  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

This invention relates to Li ion (Li.sup.+) conductive solid polymer electrolytes composed of poly(vinyl sulfone) and lithium salts, and their use in all-solid-state rechargeable lithium ion batteries. The lithium salts comprise low lattice energy lithium salts such as LiN(CF.sub.3 SO.sub.2).sub.2, LiAsF.sub.6, and LiClO.sub.4.

Abraham, Kuzhikalail M. (Needham, MA); Alamgir, Mohamed (Dedham, MA); Choe, Hyoun S. (Waltham, MA)

1995-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "diabetes organic polymers" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


101

Rapid Analysis of Synthetic Polymers and Polymer Additives ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... HV Mass Analyzer N2 + Crude Oil Sample by ASAP MS Orbitrap 100,000 resolution Page 74. Conclusion: ASAP and Py-ASAP MS of Polymers ...

2013-09-30T23:59:59.000Z

102

MST: Organizations: Organic Materials  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Adhesive Bonding Adhesive Bonding Composites Encapsulation Materials Characterization Mechanical Testing Molding, Thermoforming, & Compounding Organizations Organic Materials Composite-to-metal adhesive bond Experimental/analytical study of composit-to-metal adhesive bond. The Organic Materials department in the Advanced Manufacturing and Processing Laboratory provides innovative prototype fabrication, full service small lot production, materials technology, processing expertise, and a broad range of organic material characterization and mechanical testing techniques. We encapsulate, we join and bond, we foam, we analyze and image, we build composite structures. We strive to make you, our customers, successful! We partner with you to find the right combination of materials, processing, and fixturing that will result in the highest value

103

Stretched Polymers in Random Environment  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We survey recent results and open questions on the ballistic phase of stretched polymers in both annealed and quenched random environments.

Dmitry Ioffe; Yvan Velenik

2010-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

104

Thin film-coated polymer webs  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

The present invention relates to thin film-coated polymer webs, and more particularly to thin film electronic devices supported upon a polymer web, wherein the polymer web is treated with a purifying amount of electron beam radiation.

Wenz, Robert P. (Cottage Grove, MN); Weber, Michael F. (Shoreview, MN); Arudi, Ravindra L. (Woodbury, MN)

1992-02-04T23:59:59.000Z

105

Superconductivity in Metal-mixed Ion-Implanted Polymer Films  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Ion-implantation of normally insulating polymers offers an alternative to depositing conjugated organics onto plastic films to make electronic circuits. We used a 50 keV nitrogen ion beam to mix a thin 10 nm Sn/Sb alloy film into the sub-surface of polyetheretherketone (PEEK) and report the low temperature properties of this material. We observed metallic behavior, and the onset of superconductivity below 3 K. There are strong indications that the superconductivity does not result from a residual thin-film of alloy, but instead from a network of alloy grains coupled via a weakly conducting, ion-beam carbonized polymer matrix.

A. P. Micolich; E. Tavenner; B. J. Powell; A. R. Hamilton; M. T. Curry; R. E. Giedd; P. Meredith

2005-09-11T23:59:59.000Z

106

Anomalous Temperature Dependence of Solvent-Enhanced Dye Diffusion In Polymer T. Graves-Abe, F. Pschenitzka, J.C. Sturm  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

to pattern full color polymer Organic Light-Emitting Diode (OLED) displays is to print dye from a pre. INTRODUCTION The desire to fabricate large-area Organic Light-Emitting Diode (OLED) displays has been a central

107

Better Batteries with a Conducting Polymer Binder  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Batteries with a Conducting Polymer Binder Conductive polymer binder for Lithium ion battery June 2013 Berkeley Lab scientists have invented a new material for use in...

108

Energy Harvesting Applications of Ionic Polymers.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Energy Harvesting Applications of Ionic Polymers Benjamin R. Martin Abstract The purpose of this thesis is the development and analysis of applications for ionic polymers… (more)

Martin, Benjamin Ryan

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

109

Vacuum flash evaporated polymer composites  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A method for fabrication of polymer composite layers in a vacuum is disclosed. More specifically, the method of dissolving salts in a monomer solution, vacuum flash evaporating the solution, condensing the flash evaporated solution as a liquid film, and forming the condensed liquid film into a polymer composite layer on a substrate is disclosed.

Affinito, John D. (Kennewick, WA); Gross, Mark E. (Pasco, WA)

1997-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

110

Contracting Polymer with Current  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Contracting Polymer with Current Contracting Polymer with Current Name: Ian Status: student Grade: 9-12 Location: PA Country: USA Date: Summer 2011 Question: Hello and thank you in advance. I have previously read of a material ( a kind of "rubber") that contracts when an electric current is applied. My question is what is this material, how does it work/what is it made of? Thank you very much. Replies: Hi Ian, I believe the material you are referring to is a kind of piezoelectric rubber. Piezoelectric materials (usually they are special types of ceramics or crystals) produce an electrical voltage when compressed of otherwise subjected to stress. They also do the opposite... they slightly expand or contract when a voltage is applied. But the amount they expand or contract is very small indeed. For example, one square meter of the recently discovered piezoelectric rubber materials typically contracts a mere 100 picometers for ever applied volt. Translated into everyday measurements, this means that if you apply a voltage of 1 Volt to a one foot long piece of this rubber, it will only contract less than half a billionth of an inch! Applying 100 volts will cause it to contract just under 50 billionths of an inch!

111

Oilfield flooding polymer  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A monomer, polymers containing the monomer, and the use of the polymer in oilfield flooding is disclosed. The subject monomer is represented by the general formula: ##STR1## wherein: n is an integer from 0 to about 4; m is an integer from 0 to about 6; a is an integer equal to at least 1 except where m is equal to 0, a must equal 0 and where m is equal to 1, a must equal 0 or 1; p is an integer from 2 to about 10; b is an integer equal to at least 1 and is of sufficient magnitude that the ratio b/p is at least 0.2; and q is an integer from 0 to 2. The number of hydroxy groups in the monomer is believed to be critical, and therefore the sum of (a+b) divided by the sum (m+p) should be at least 0.2. The moieties linked to the acrylic nitrogen can be joined to provide a ringed structure.

Martin, Fred D. (Socorro, NM); Hatch, Melvin J. (Socorro, NM); Shepitka, Joel S. (Socorro, NM); Donaruma, Lorraine G. (Syosset, NY)

1986-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

112

Materials - Recycling - Polymer Matrix Composites  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Recycling of Polymer Matrix Composites Recycling of Polymer Matrix Composites Polymer matrix composites Carbon fibers recovered from a epoxy-based polymer matrix composite. Carbon fiber reinforced polymer matrix composites (PMCs) are materials with superior strength-to-weight ratios. Finding increased applications in the aerospace industry, PMCs are now being evaluated for possible use in automobile construction. The materialÂ’s high cost, however, along with concerns about whether the PMCs will be recyclable when the vehicles reach the end of their useful lives, are barriers to its widespread use. With funding provided by the U.S. Department of EnergyÂ’s Vehicle Technologies Program (formerly called the Office of Advanced Transportation Technologies), Argonne is developing an efficient and cost-effective

113

Method for separating water soluble organics from a process stream by aqueous biphasic extraction  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A method for separating water-miscible organic species from a process stream by aqueous biphasic extraction is provided. An aqueous biphase system is generated by contacting a process stream comprised of water, salt, and organic species with an aqueous polymer solution. The organic species transfer from the salt-rich phase to the polymer-rich phase, and the phases are separated. Next, the polymer is recovered from the loaded polymer phase by selectively extracting the polymer into an organic phase at an elevated temperature, while the organic species remain in a substantially salt-free aqueous solution. Alternatively, the polymer is recovered from the loaded polymer by a temperature induced phase separation (cloud point extraction), whereby the polymer and the organic species separate into two distinct solutions. The method for separating water-miscible organic species is applicable to the treatment of industrial wastewater streams, including the extraction and recovery of complexed metal ions from salt solutions, organic contaminants from mineral processing streams, and colorants from spent dye baths.

Chaiko, David J. (Naperville, IL); Mego, William A. (Naperville, IL)

1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

114

ION EXCHANGE SUBSTANCES BY SAPONIFICATION OF ALLYL PHOSPHATE POLYMERS  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

An ion exchange resin having a relatively high adsorption capacity tor uranyl ion as compared with many common cations is reported. The resin comprises an alphyl-allyl hydrogen phosphate polymer, the alphyl group being either allyl or a lower alkyl group having up to 5 carbon atoins. The resin is prepared by polymerizing compounds such as alkyl-diallyl phosphate and triallyl phosphate in the presence of a free radical generating substance and then partially hydrolyzing the resulting polymer to cause partial replacement of organic radicals by cations. A preferred free radical gencrating agent is dibenzoyl peroxide. The partial hydrolysis is brought about by refluxing the polymer with concentrated aqueous NaOH for three or four hours.

Kennedy, J.

1959-04-14T23:59:59.000Z

115

Diorganosilacetylene-alt-diorganosilvinylene polymers and a process of preparation  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

The present invention provides linear organosilicon polymers including acetylene and vinylene moieties, and a process for their preparation. These diorganosilacetylene-alt-diorganosilvinylene linear polymers can be represented by the formula: --[--(R.sup.1)(R.sup.2)Si--C.tbd.C--(R.sup.3)(R.sup.4)Si--CH.dbd.CH--].sub .n --, wherein n.gtoreq.2; and each R.sup.1, R.sup.2, R.sup.3, and R.sup.4 is independently selected from the group consisting of hydrogen, halogen, alkyl, alkenyl, aryl, and aralkyl radicals. The polymers are soluble in organic solvents, air stable, and can be pulled into fibers or cast into films. They can be thermally converted into silicon carbide ceramic materials.

Barton, Thomas J. (Ames, IA); Ijadi-Maghsoodi, Sina (Ames, IA); Pang, Yi (Ames, IA)

1995-10-10T23:59:59.000Z

116

Diorganosilacetylene-alt-diorganosilvinylene polymers and a process of preparation  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

The present invention provides linear organosilicon polymers including acetylene and vinylene moieties, and a process for their preparation. These diorganosilacetylenealt-diorganosilvinylene linear polymers can be represented by the formula: --[--(R.sup.1)(R.sup.2)Si--C.ident.C--(R.sup.3)(R.sup.4)Si--CH=CH--].sub.n --, wherein n.gtoreq.2; each R.sup.1, R.sup.2, R.sup.3, and R.sup.4 is independently selected from the group consisting of hydrogen, halogen, alkyl, alkenyl, aryl, and aralkyl radicals. The polymers are soluble in organic solvents, air stable, and can be pulled into fibers or cast into films. They can be thermally converted into silicon carbide ceramic materials.

Barton, Thomas J. (Ames, IA); Ijadi-Maghsoodi, Sina (Ames, IA); Pang, Yi (Ames, IA)

1993-08-31T23:59:59.000Z

117

Sequential Printing by Laser-Induced Forward Transfer To Fabricate a Polymer Light-Emitting Diode Pixel  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Sequential Printing by Laser-Induced Forward Transfer To Fabricate a Polymer Light-Emitting Diode-1015, Lausanne, Switzerland ABSTRACT: Patterned deposition of polymer light-emitting diode (PLED Organic light-emitting diodes (OLEDs) have been investigated in detail for nearly a quarter of a century,1

118

Soluble polyacetylenic and polyaromatic polymers and method of mking the same  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A soluble polyene polymer and a method of making the same are disclosed. The polymer is of the class suitable for doping to produce an electrically conductive polymer. The method is generally applicable to acetylenic and aromatic monomers, proven examples of which include acetylene, benzene, anthracene and napthalene. In accordance with the method, the monomer is dissolved in arsenic trifluoride. Arsenic pentafluoride is then introduced into the solution to induce polymerization by what is speculated to be an ionic polymerization reaction. The resulting polymer differs from other polyene polymers in that it is soluble in common organic solvents, and further in that it can be melted without undergoing decomposition, thereby rendering it particularly suitable for processing to form various polymeric articles.

Aldissi, M.; Liepins, R.

1983-12-16T23:59:59.000Z

119

Performance and Economics of Minnelusa Polymer Floods  

SciTech Connect

The secondary recovery processes of waterflooding and polymer flooding commonly used in the Minnelusa formation are compared. Flood efficiency is improved using polymer technology. Less water is injected and less water produced to recover a barrel of oil. Flood life is shortened. Results of the Simpson Ranch polymer flood show that investment in polymer technology is profitable.

Mack, J.C.; Duvall, M.L.

1984-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

120

Reduced biodegradability in a polymer flood process  

SciTech Connect

In a polymer flood, where bacterial contamination frequently causes a loss in viscosity of the polymer, the viscosity of the polymer solution is maintained by the use of a xanthan polymer modified by methylation of a portion of the subunit sugar residues of the xanthan base.

Williams, D.; Munnecke, D. M.

1985-05-14T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "diabetes organic polymers" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


121

Carbon nanotube-polymer composite actuators  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

The present invention discloses a carbon nanotube (SWNT)-polymer composite actuator and method to make such actuator. A series of uniform composites was prepared by dispersing purified single wall nanotubes with varying weight percents into a polymer matrix, followed by solution casting. The resulting nanotube-polymer composite was then successfully used to form a nanotube polymer actuator.

Gennett, Thomas (Denver, CO); Raffaelle, Ryne P. (Honeoye Falls, NY); Landi, Brian J. (Rochester, NY); Heben, Michael J. (Denver, CO)

2008-04-22T23:59:59.000Z

122

Thermodynamics of tubelike flexible polymers  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In this work we present the general phase behavior of short tubelike flexible polymers. The geometric thickness constraint is implemented through the concept of the global radius of curvature. We use sophisticated Monte Carlo sampling methods to simulate small bead-stick polymer models with Lennard-Jones interaction among non-bonded monomers. We analyze energetic fluctuations and structural quantities to classify conformational pseudophases. We find that the tube thickness influences the thermodynamic behavior of simple tubelike polymers significantly, i.e., for given temperature, the formation of secondary structures strongly depends on the tube thickness.

Thomas Vogel; Thomas Neuhaus; Michael Bachmann; Wolfhard Janke

2009-07-17T23:59:59.000Z

123

Organization Chart  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

and Mission Organization Staff - Organization Chart About Us Bob Cottingham, 865-241-0554 Computational Biology and Bioinformatics Meghan Drake 865-241-8288 Michael...

124

Science Organizations  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Organizations Science Organizations National security depends on science and technology. The United States relies on Los Alamos National Laboratory for the best of both. No place...

125

Polymer Based Nanocomposites for Solar Energy Conversion  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Organic semiconductor-based photovoltaic devices offer the promise of low cost photovoltaic technology that can be manufactured via large-scale, roll-to-roll printing techniques. Existing organic photovoltaic devices are currently limited to solar power conversion efficiencies of 3?5%. This is because of poor overlap between the absorption spectrum of the organic chromophores and the solar spectrum, non-ideal band alignment between the donor and acceptor species, and low charge carrier mobilities. To address these issues, we are investigating the development of dendrimeric organic semiconductors that are readily synthesized with high purity. They also benefit from optoelectronic properties, such as band gap and band positions, which can be easily tuned by substituting different chemical groups into the molecule. Additionally, we are developing nanostructured oxide/conjugated polymer composite photovoltaics. These composites take advantage of the high electron mobilities attainable in oxide semiconductors and can be fabricated using low-temperature solution-based growth techniques. Here, we discuss the synthesis and preliminary device results of these novel materials and composites.

Shaheen, S.; Olson, D.; White, M.; Mitchell, W.; Miedaner, A.; Curtis, C.; Rumbles, G.; Gregg, B.; Ginley, D.

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

126

Continuous production of conducting polymer  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A device to continuously produce polypyrrole was designed, manufactured, and tested. Polypyrrole is a conducting polymer which has potential artificial muscle applications. The objective of continuous production was to ...

Gaige, Terry A. (Terry Alden), 1981-

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

127

Optocoupler made from semiconducting polymers  

SciTech Connect

Optocouplers (optoisolators) were fabricated using semiconducting polymers. The input unit is a polymer light emitting diode with an external quantum efficiency of approximately 1% photons/electron. The output unit is a polymer photodiode with a quantum yield of approximately 35% electrons/photon at 590 nm. Both units can be operated at bias voltages sufficiently low to be compatible with TTL and complementary metal-oxide semiconductor logic circuits. Since the transfer characteristic is nearly linear, the polymer optocoupler can be used in analogue circuits as well. The current transfer ratio reaches 2 x 10{sup {minus}3} under - 10V reverse bias, comparable to that of commercial inorganic optocouplers. 12 refs., 6 figs.

Yu, G.; Pakbaz, K.; Heeger, A.J. [Univ. of California, Santa Barbara, CA (United States)

1994-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

128

Polymer electronic devices and materials.  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Polymer electronic devices and materials have vast potential for future microsystems and could have many advantages over conventional inorganic semiconductor based systems, including ease of manufacturing, cost, weight, flexibility, and the ability to integrate a wide variety of functions on a single platform. Starting materials and substrates are relatively inexpensive and amenable to mass manufacturing methods. This project attempted to plant the seeds for a new core competency in polymer electronics at Sandia National Laboratories. As part of this effort a wide variety of polymer components and devices, ranging from simple resistors to infrared sensitive devices, were fabricated and characterized. Ink jet printing capabilities were established. In addition to promising results on prototype devices the project highlighted the directions where future investments must be made to establish a viable polymer electronics competency.

Schubert, William Kent; Baca, Paul Martin; Dirk, Shawn M.; Anderson, G. Ronald; Wheeler, David Roger

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

129

Layered plasma polymer composite membranes  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Layered plasma polymer composite fluid separation membranes are disclosed, which comprise alternating selective and permeable layers for a total of at least 2n layers, where n is [>=]2 and is the number of selective layers. 2 figs.

Babcock, W.C.

1994-10-11T23:59:59.000Z

130

RESTORING A DAMAGED 16-YEAR -OLD INSULATING POLYMER CONCRETE DIKE OVERLAY: REPAIR MATERIALS AND TECHNOLOGIES.  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The objective of this program was to design and formulate organic polymer-based material systems suitable for repairing and restoring the overlay panels of insulating lightweight polymer concrete (ILPC) from the concrete floor and slope wall of a dike at KeySpan liquefied natural gas (LNG) facility in Greenpoint, Brooklyn, NY, just over sixteen years ago. It also included undertaking a small-scale field demonstration to ensure that the commercial repairing technologies were applicable to the designed and formulated materials.

SUGAMA,T.

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

131

High cation transport polymer electrolyte  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A solid state ion conducting electrolyte and a battery incorporating same. The electrolyte includes a polymer matrix with an alkali metal salt dissolved therein, the salt having an anion with a long or branched chain having not less than 5 carbon or silicon atoms therein. The polymer is preferably a polyether and the salt anion is preferably an alkyl or silyl moiety of from 5 to about 150 carbon/silicon atoms.

Gerald, II, Rex E. (Brookfield, IL); Rathke, Jerome W. (Homer Glen, IL); Klingler, Robert J. (Westmont, IL)

2007-06-05T23:59:59.000Z

132

Self-Assembling Efficient Organic Electronics  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Self-Assembling Efficient Organic Electronics Self-Assembling Efficient Organic Electronics Speaker(s): Rachel Segalman Date: April 26, 2005 - 12:00pm Location: Bldg. 90 Seminar Host/Point of Contact: Venkat Srinivasan In the last decade, the use of self-assembling block copolymers to nanopattern substrates and template synthesis has made incredible gains as a primary step towards the fabrication of nanodevices. Many studies have demonstrated a sophisticated level of control over the self-assembling, coil-type polymer systems to produce long range order. The knowledge now exists to begin to pattern polymers with a much higher degree of complexity and inherent functionality. It is apparent, for instance, that the mesostructure of conductive polymers impacts their luminescence and photovoltaic efficiency. For instance, block copolymers made from

133

Metal catalyzed synthesis of hyperbranched ethylene and/or .alpha.-olefin polymers  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Oily hyperbranched polymers derived from ethylene, propylene, butene and/or a C.sub.5 -C.sub.24 .alpha.-olefin, and a method for their synthesis, are disclosed. The polymers have non-regular microstructures and are characterized by a ratio ({character pullout})of methyl hydrogens centered around 0.85 ppm on the 1H-NMR spectra of the polymers relative to total aliphatic hydrogens of from about 0.40 to about 0.65 for polymers derived from ethylene or butene, and a ratio ({character pullout})of from greater than 0.50 to about 0.65 for polymers derived from propylene. A method for grafting hyperbranched polymers derived from ethylene, propylene, butene and/or a C.sub.5 -C.sub.24 .alpha.-olefin onto aromatic rings in organic molecules and polymers, and the resulting grafted materials, are also disclosed. The hyperbranched polymers and grafted materials are useful, for example, as lubricants and lubricant additives.

Sen, Ayusman (State College, PA); Kim, Jang Sub (State College, PA); Pawlow, James H. (Gainesville, FL); Murtuza, Shahid (State College, PA); Kacker, Smita (Annandale, NJ); Wojcinski, III, Louis M. (State College, PA)

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

134

Polymer-cement geothermal-well-completion materials. Final report  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

A program to develop high-temperature polymer cements was performed. Several formulations based on organic and semi-inorganic binders were evaluated on the basis of mechanical and thermal stability, and thickening time. Two optimized systems exhibited properties exceeding those required for use in geothermal wells. Both systems were selected for continued evaluation at the National Bureau of Standards and contingent upon the results, for field testing in geothermal wells.

Zeldin, A.N.; Kukacka, L.E.

1980-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

135

SUPER HARD SURFACED POLYMERS  

SciTech Connect

High energy ion beam surface treatments were applied to a selected group of polymers. Of the six materials in the present study, four were thermoplastics (polycarbonate, polyethylene, polyethylene terephthalate, and polystyrene) and two were thermosets (epoxy and polyimide). The particular epoxy evaluated in this work is one of the resins used in formulating fiber reinforced composites for military helicopter blades. Measures of mechanical properties of the near surface regions were obtained by nanoindentation hardness and pin on disk wear. Attempts were also made to measure erosion resistance by particle impact. All materials were hardness tested. Pristine materials were very soft, having values in the range of approximately 0.1 to 0.5 GPa. Ion beam treatment increased hardness by up to 50 times compared to untreated materials. For reference, all materials were hardened to values higher than those typical of stainless steels. Wear tests were carried out on three of the materials, PET, PI and epoxy. On the ion beam treated epoxy no wear could be detected, whereas the untreated material showed significant wear.

Mansur, Louis K [ORNL; Bhattacharya, R [UES, Incorporated, Dayton, OH; Blau, Peter Julian [ORNL; Clemons, Art [ORNL; Eberle, Cliff [ORNL; Evans, H B [UES, Incorporated, Dayton, OH; Janke, Christopher James [ORNL; Jolly, Brian C [ORNL; Lee, E H [Consultant, Milpitas, CA; Leonard, Keith J [ORNL; Trejo, Rosa M [ORNL; Rivard, John D [ORNL

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

136

Organization | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

About Us Organization Organization Leadership Organization History Careers Contact Us Organization...

137

Nanostructured polymer membranes for proton conduction  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Polymers having an improved ability to entrain water are characterized, in some embodiments, by unusual humidity-induced phase transitions. The described polymers (e.g., hydrophilically functionalized block copolymers) have a disordered state and one or more ordered states (e.g., a lamellar state, a gyroid state, etc.). In one aspect, the polymers are capable of undergoing a disorder-to-order transition while the polymer is exposed to an increasing temperature at a constant relative humidity. In some aspects the polymer includes a plurality of portions, wherein a first portion forms proton-conductive channels within the membrane and wherein the channels have a width of less than about 6 nm. The described polymers are capable of entraining and preserving water at high temperature and low humidity. Surprisingly, in some embodiments, the polymers are capable of entraining greater amounts of water with the increase of temperature. The polymers can be used in Polymer Electrolyte Membranes in fuel cells.

Balsara, Nitash Pervez; Park, Moon Jeong

2013-06-18T23:59:59.000Z

138

Organic Electro-Active Polymers For Rechargeable Batteries  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

About this Abstract. Meeting, Materials Science & Technology 2012. Symposium, Energy Storage: Materials, Systems and Applications. Presentation Title ...

139

Structure-Function Relationships in Semiconducting Polymers for Organic Photovoltaics  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Fréchet, J. Angewandte Chemie International Edition 2008,Fréchet, J. Angewandte Chemie International Edition 2008,K. Die Makromolekulare Chemie, Rapid Communications 1992, (

Kavulak, David Fredric Joel

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

140

Structure-Function Relationships in Semiconducting Polymers for Organic Photovoltaics  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Photovoltaic Cell .the materials, all photovoltaic cells operate on the basicEquation 1.2) For photovoltaic cells of all kinds and from

Kavulak, David Fredric Joel

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "diabetes organic polymers" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


141

Structure-Function Relationships in Semiconducting Polymers for Organic Photovoltaics  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

usually with the form indium tin oxide anode (ITO)/poly(3,4-Donor/Acceptor/Cathode. Indium tin oxide is a transparentAl architecture. Indium-doped tin oxide (ITO) coated glass

Kavulak, David Fredric Joel

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

142

Functional Polymer Architectures for Solution Processed Organic Light Emitting Diodes  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

OLED emitter and indium tin oxide (ITO) as the transparentanode (typically indium tin oxide, ITO) and the cathode (solution on pre-treated indium-tin-oxide (ITO)-coated glass

Poulsen, Daniel Andrew

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

143

Conjugated Polymer Design and Engineering for Organic Electronics  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

not efficiently blanket the solar spectrum. To achieve eveneffective overlap with the solar spectrum, which peaks at ~gaps and blanket the solar spectrum more effectively, 8,9

Woo, Claire Hoi Kar

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

144

Methods and systems for chemoautotrophic production of organic compounds  

SciTech Connect

The present disclosure identifies pathways, mechanisms, systems and methods to confer chemoautotrophic production of carbon-based products of interest, such as sugars, alcohols, chemicals, amino acids, polymers, fatty acids and their derivatives, hydrocarbons, isoprenoids, and intermediates thereof, in organisms such that these organisms efficiently convert inorganic carbon to organic carbon-based products of interest using inorganic energy, such as formate, and in particular the use of organisms for the commercial production of various carbon-based products of interest.

Fischer, Curt R.; Che, Austin J.; Shetty, Reshma P.; Kelly, Jason R.

2013-01-08T23:59:59.000Z

145

Protect Your Heart Against Diabetes  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Protect Your Heart Against Diabetes Healthy Hearts, Healthy Homes #12;Read other booklets in the Healthy Hearts, Healthy Homes series: Are You at Risk for Heart Disease? Do You Need To Lose Weight? Do Free Web site: www.nhlbi.nih.gov/health/public/heart/other/sp_package.htm For More Information

Bandettini, Peter A.

146

NIST Organization  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... What We Do; Organization Chart; Budget Information; Office of the Director; Laboratories & Major Programs; Locations; Staff Directory; Working With ...

2013-02-19T23:59:59.000Z

147

Symposium Organizer  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Volunteer Training Module. March 2013. 1. Your Professional Partner for Career Advancement. Symposium Organizer. Online Training Module. March 2013 ...

148

Polymer Grafted Janus Multi-Walled Carbon Nanotubes  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We describe a novel and facile strategy to modify the surface of carbon nanotubes (CNTs) with two chemically different polymer brushes utilizing the grafting from technique. A [4 + 2] Diels Alder cycloaddition reaction was used to functionalize multi-walled carbon nanotubes (MWNTs) with two different precursor initiators, one for ring opening polymerization (ROP) and one for atom transfer radical polymerization (ATRP). The binary functionalized MWNTs were used for the simultaneous surface initiated polymerizations of different monomers resulting in polymer grafted MWNTs that can form Janus type structures under appropriate conditions. 1H NMR, FTIR and Raman spectra showed that the precursor initiators were successfully synthesized and covalently attached on the CNT surface. Thermogravimetric analysis (TGA) revealed that the grafted polymer content varies when different monomer ratios and polymerization times are used. The presence of an organic layer around the CNTs was observed through transmission electron microscopy (TEM). Differential scanning calorimetry (DSC) proved that the glass transition (Tg) and melting (Tm) temperatures of the grafted polymers are affected by the presence of the CNTs, while circular dichroism (CD) spectra indicated that the PLLA ahelix conformation remains intact.

Priftis, Dimitrios [ORNL; Sakellariou, Georgios [ORNL; Baskaran, Durairaj [University of Tennessee, Knoxville (UTK); Mays, Jimmy [ORNL; Hadjichristidis, Nikos [University of Athens, Athens, Greece

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

149

Unwinding relaxation dynamics of polymers  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The relaxation dynamics of a polymer wound around a fixed obstacle constitutes a fundamental instance of polymer with twist and torque and it is of relevance also for DNA denaturation dynamics. We investigate it by simulations and Langevin equation analysis. The latter predicts a relaxation time scaling as a power of the polymer length times a logarithmic correction related to the equilibrium fluctuations of the winding angle. The numerical data support this result and show that at short times the winding angle decreases as a power-law. This is also in agreement with the Langevin equation provided a winding-dependent friction is used, suggesting that such reduced description of the system captures the basic features of the problem.

Jean-Charles Walter; Marco Baiesi; Gerard Barkema; Enrico Carlon

2013-01-13T23:59:59.000Z

150

Process to produce lithium-polymer batteries  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A polymer bonded sheet product is described suitable for use as an electrode in a non-aqueous battery system. A porous electrode sheet is impregnated with a solid polymer electrolyte, so as to diffuse into the pores of the electrode. The composite is allowed to cool, and the electrolyte is entrapped in the porous electrode. The sheet products composed have the solid polymer electrolyte composition diffused into the active electrode material by melt-application of the solid polymer electrolyte composition into the porous electrode material sheet. The solid polymer electrolyte is maintained at a temperature that allows for rapid diffusion into the pores of the electrode. The composite electrolyte-electrode sheets are formed on current collectors and can be coated with solid polymer electrolyte prior to battery assembly. The interface between the solid polymer electrolyte composite electrodes and the solid polymer electrolyte coating has low resistance. 1 fig.

MacFadden, K.O.

1998-06-30T23:59:59.000Z

151

Process for hardening the surface of polymers  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Hard surfaced polymers and the method for making them is generally described. Polymers are subjected to simultaneous multiple ion beam bombardment, that results in a hardening of the surface and improved wear resistance. 1 figure.

Mansur, L.K.; Lee, E.H.

1992-07-14T23:59:59.000Z

152

Highly cross-linked nanoporous polymers  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Condensation polymerization followed by a supercritical extraction step can be used to obtain highly cross-linked nanoporous polymers with high surface area, controlled pore sizes and rigid structural integrity. The invention polymers are useful for applications requiring separation membranes.

Steckle, Jr., Warren P. (Los Alamos, NM); Apen, Paul G. (Los Alamos, NM); Mitchell, Michael A. (Los Alamos, NM)

1997-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

153

Highly cross-linked nanoporous polymers  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Condensation polymerization followed by a supercritical extraction step can be used to obtain highly cross-linked nanoporous polymers with high surface area, controlled pore sizes and rigid structural integrity. The invention polymers are useful for applications requiring separation membranes.

Steckle, Jr., Warren P. (Los Alamos, NM); Apen, Paul G. (Los Alamos, NM); Mitchell, Michael A. (Los Alamos, NM)

1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

154

Photovoltaic activity in benzobisoxazole based conjugated polymers.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??The material and photovoltaic properties of a new class of conjugated polymers was investigated. These two new polymers; poly (3,4-didodecylthiopene vinylene)-2,6-diyl benzo [1,2-d; 5,4-d'] bisoxazole]… (more)

Reida, Molly

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

155

Process to produce lithium-polymer batteries  

SciTech Connect

A polymer bonded sheet product suitable for use as an electrode in a non-aqueous battery system. A porous electrode sheet is impregnated with a solid polymer electrolyte, so as to diffuse into the pores of the electrode. The composite is allowed to cool, and the electrolyte is entrapped in the porous electrode. The sheet products composed have the solid polymer electrolyte composition diffused into the active electrode material by melt-application of the solid polymer electrolyte composition into the porous electrode material sheet. The solid polymer electrolyte is maintained at a temperature that allows for rapid diffusion into the pores of the electrode. The composite electrolyte-electrode sheets are formed on current collectors and can be coated with solid polymer electrolyte prior to battery assembly. The interface between the solid polymer electrolyte composite electrodes and the solid polymer electrolyte coating has low resistance.

MacFadden, Kenneth Orville (Highland, MD)

1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

156

INHIBITION EFFECTS ON EXTINCTION OF POLYMER BURNING  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

ON EXTINCTION OF POLYMER BURNING* W.J. Pitz R.F. SawyerQuantitative determinations of burning rates, extinctionlayer at the surface of a burning polymer. The char l ayer

Pitz, W.J.

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

157

Anion exchange polymer electrolytes  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Solid anion exchange polymer electrolytes and compositions comprising chemical compounds comprising a polymeric core, a spacer A, and a guanidine base, wherein said chemical compound is uniformly dispersed in a suitable solvent and has the structure: ##STR00001## wherein: i) A is a spacer having the structure O, S, SO.sub.2, --NH--, --N(CH.sub.2).sub.n, wherein n=1-10, --(CH.sub.2).sub.n--CH.sub.3--, wherein n=1-10, SO.sub.2-Ph, CO-Ph, ##STR00002## wherein R.sub.5, R.sub.6, R.sub.7 and R.sub.8 each are independently --H, --NH.sub.2, F, Cl, Br, CN, or a C.sub.1-C.sub.6 alkyl group, or any combination of thereof; ii) R.sub.9, R.sub.10, R.sub.11, R.sub.12, or R.sub.13 each independently are --H, --CH.sub.3, --NH.sub.2, --NO, --CH.sub.nCH.sub.3 where n=1-6, HC.dbd.O--, NH.sub.2C.dbd.O--, --CH.sub.nCOOH where n=1-6, --(CH.sub.2).sub.n--C(NH.sub.2)--COOH where n=1-6, --CH--(COOH)--CH.sub.2--COOH, --CH.sub.2--CH(O--CH.sub.2CH.sub.3).sub.2, --(C.dbd.S)--NH.sub.2, --(C.dbd.NH)--N--(CH.sub.2).sub.nCH.sub.3, where n=0-6, --NH--(C.dbd.S)--SH, --CH.sub.2--(C.dbd.O)--O--C(CH.sub.3).sub.3, --O--(CH.sub.2).sub.n--CH--(NH.sub.2)--COOH, where n=1-6, --(CH.sub.2).sub.n--CH.dbd.CH wherein n=1-6, --(CH.sub.2).sub.n--CH--CN wherein n=1-6, an aromatic group such as a phenyl, benzyl, phenoxy, methylbenzyl, nitrogen-substituted benzyl or phenyl groups, a halide, or halide-substituted methyl groups; and iii) wherein the composition is suitable for use in a membrane electrode assembly.

Kim, Yu Seung; Kim, Dae Sik; Lee, Kwan-Soo

2013-07-23T23:59:59.000Z

158

Solvent-enhanced dye diffusion in polymer thin films for polymer light-emitting diode application  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Solvent-enhanced dye diffusion in polymer thin films for polymer light-emitting diode application-color (red, green, and blue) polymer light-emitting diode displays was investigated in detail. After local.1063/1.1806548] I. INTRODUCTION Polymer light-emitting diodes (PLEDs) have emerged as a very promising candidate

159

Boron hydride polymer coated substrates  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A method is disclosed for coating a substrate with a uniformly smooth layer of a boron hydride polymer. The method comprises providing a reaction chamber which contains the substrate and the boron hydride plasma. A boron hydride feed stock is introduced into the chamber simultaneously with the generation of a plasma discharge within the chamber. A boron hydride plasma of ions, electrons and free radicals which is generated by the plasma discharge interacts to form a uniformly smooth boron hydride polymer which is deposited on the substrate.

Pearson, R.K.; Bystroff, R.I.; Miller, D.E.

1986-08-27T23:59:59.000Z

160

Boron hydride polymer coated substrates  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A method is disclosed for coating a substrate with a uniformly smooth layer of a boron hydride polymer. The method comprises providing a reaction chamber which contains the substrate and the boron hydride plasma. A boron hydride feed stock is introduced into the chamber simultaneously with the generation of a plasma discharge within the chamber. A boron hydride plasma of ions, electrons and free radicals which is generated by the plasma discharge interacts to form a uniformly smooth boron hydride polymer which is deposited on the substrate.

Pearson, Richard K. (Pleasanton, CA); Bystroff, Roman I. (Livermore, CA); Miller, Dale E. (Livermore, CA)

1987-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "diabetes organic polymers" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


161

EFFECT OF DENTAL POLYMER DEGREE OF CONVERSION ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Effect of Dental Polymer Degree of Conversion on Oral Biofilms. Alison Kraigsley, Sheng Lin-Gibson, Nancy J. Lin. National ...

162

Southwestern Petroleum Corporation and Intertape Polymer Group...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

resources Small business resources State and local government resources Southwestern Petroleum Corporation and Intertape Polymer Group Teaming Profile Southwestern Petroleum...

163

Bio-inspired Polymers for Nanoscience Research  

the kinetics and thermodynamics of folding polymer chains into stable tertiary structures are still not fully understood. Thus, ...

164

Titanium/Polymer Sandwich for Medical Applications  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Presentation Title, Titanium/Polymer Sandwich for Medical Applications. Author(s ) ... Biocompatible Nanoparticle Materials in Cancer Research · Bioinspired ...

165

FIDDLER CREEK POLYMER AUGMENTATION PROJECT  

SciTech Connect

The Fiddler Creek field is in Weston County, Wyoming, and was discovered in 1948. Secondary waterflooding recovery was started in 1955 and terminated in the mid-1980s with a fieldwide recovery of approximately 40%. The West Fiddler Creek Unit, the focus of this project, had a lower recovery and therefore has the most remaining oil. Before the project this unit was producing approximately 85 bbl of oil per day from 20 pumping wells and 17 swab wells. The recovery process planned for this project involved adapting two independent processes, the injection of polymer as a channel blocker or as a deep-penetrating permeability modifier, and the stabilization of clays and reduction of the residual oil saturation in the near-wellbore area around the injection wells. Clay stabilization was not conducted because long-term fresh water injection had not severely reduced the injectivity. It was determined that future polymer injection would not be affected by the clay. For the project, two adjoining project patterns were selected on the basis of prior reservoir studies and current well availability and production. The primary injection well of Pattern 1 was treated with a small batch of MARCIT gel to create channel blocking. The long-term test was designed for three phases: (1) 77 days of injection of a 300-mg/l cationic polyacrylamide, (2) 15 days of injection of a 300-mg/l anionic polymer to ensure injectivity of the polymer, and (3) 369 days of injection of the 300-mg/l anionic polymer and a 30:1 mix of the crosslinker. Phases 1 and 2 were conducted as planned. Phase 3 was started in late March 1999 and terminated in May 2001. In this phase, a crosslinker was added with the anionic polymer. Total injection for Phase 3 was 709,064 bbl. To maintain the desired injection rate, the injection pressure was slowly increased from 1,400 psig to 2,100 psig. Early in the application of the polymer, it appeared that the sweep improvement program was having a positive effect on Pattern 1 with lesser effects in Pattern 2. These early observations did not continue to develop. The oil production for both patterns remained fairly constant to the rates established by the restart of waterflooding. The water production declined but stabilized in both patterns. The stabilization of the oil at prepolymer rates and water production at the lower rates can be attributed to the polymer injection, but the effect was not as great as originally predicted. The sweep improvement for the patterns appeared to be negatively impacted by extended shutdowns in the injection and production systems. Such problems as those experienced in this project can be expected when long-term polymer injection is started in old waterflood fields. To prevent these problems, new injection and production tubulars and pumps would be required at a cost prohibitive to the present, independent operators. Unless the future results from the continued waterflood show positive effects of the long-term polymer injection, it appears that the batch-type polymer treatment may have more promise than the long-term treatment and should be more cost effective.

Lyle A. Johnson, Jr.

2001-10-31T23:59:59.000Z

166

Organosiloxane-grafted natural polymer coatings  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A new family of polysaccharide graft polymers are provided as corrosion resistant coatings having antimicrobial properties which are useful on light metals such as aluminum, magnesium, zinc, steel and their alloys. Methods of making the polysaccharide graft polymers are also included. The methods of making the polysaccharide graft polymers involve reacting a polysaccharide source with an antimicrobial agent under conditions of hydrolysis-condensation.

Sugama, Toshifumi (Wading River, NY)

1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

167

MHK Technologies/WaveBlanket PolymerMembrane | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

WaveBlanket PolymerMembrane WaveBlanket PolymerMembrane < MHK Technologies Jump to: navigation, search << Return to the MHK database homepage WaveBlanket PolymerMembrane.jpg Technology Profile Primary Organization Wind Waves and Sun Technology Resource Click here Wave Technology Type Click here Oscillating Wave Surge Converter Technology Readiness Level Click here TRL 1 3 Discovery Concept Def Early Stage Dev Design Engineering Technology Description WaveBlanket could be called the accordion of the sea Poetically speaking It is simply a bellows played upon by the swells of the ocean WaveBlanket is a flexible polymer membrane which uses air pressure rather than steel to achieve its lateral strength and as a result produces about 1000 times more energy per unit of mass than rigid green energy designs

168

Christopher M. Stafford Polymers Division  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Christopher M. Stafford Polymers Division National Institute of Standards and Technology Surface, Hong, and Suo, J. Mech. Phys. Solids 53, 2101 (2005). Chung and Stafford, unpublished data. #12 = f e sf h EE Stafford et al. Encyclopedia of Materials: Science and Technology Online Updates (2006

169

Enhanced photophysics of conjugated polymers  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A particulate fluorescent conjugated polymer surfactant complex and method of making and using same. The particles are between about 15 and about 50 nm and when formed from a lipsome surfactant have a charge density similar to DNA and are strongly absorbed by cancer cells.

Chen, Liaohai (Darien, IL)

2007-06-12T23:59:59.000Z

170

Transport characteristics across drum filter vents and polymer bags  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The rate at which hydrogen (H {sub 2}) or a volatile organic compound (VOC) exits a layer of confinement in a vented waste drum is proportional to the concentration difference across the layer. The proportionality constant is the gas transport characteristic. A series of transport experiments were conducted to determine H{sub 2} and VOC transport characteristics across different drum filter vents and polymer bags. This report reviews the methods and results of past investigators in defining transport characteristics across filter vents and polymer bags, describes the apparatus and procedures used in these experiments, compares the reported and estimated transport characteristics with earlier results, and discusses the impact of changing the transport characteristic values used in model calculations.

Liekhus, K.J.

1994-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

171

Bimolecular Crystals of Fullerenes in Conjugated Polymers and the  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Bimolecular Crystals of Fullerenes in Conjugated Polymers and the Bimolecular Crystals of Fullerenes in Conjugated Polymers and the Implications of Molecular Mixing for Solar Cells figure 1 Figure 1: Diffraction data for pBTTT:PC[71]BM blends of varying weight ratio that have been annealed at 185 °C for 10 minutes. The annealing took place at the glass transition temperature of pBTTT in order to increase the molecular order. (a) 2D GIXS of pure pBTTT. (b) 2D GIXS of 1:1 pBTTT:PC[71]BM blend. (c) High resolution specular x-ray diffraction for a series of pBTTT:PC[71]BM blends. This confirms the expansion perpendicular to the substrate. Organic photovoltaics have recently attracted tremendous attention in industry and academia since they offer the potential to significantly change energy production by drastically reducing the manufacturing cost for

172

Organization Chart  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

spacer spacer spacer About DOE Organization News Contact Us Search Search Go spacer U.S. Department of Energy header image Science & Technology Energy Sources Energy Efficiency...

173

Synthesis of oligo phenylene vinylenes for organic photovoltaic cells Mikkel Jrgensen and Frederik C. Krebs  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Synthesis of oligo phenylene vinylenes for organic photovoltaic cells Mikkel Jørgensen and Frederik structure activity relationships with photovoltaic cell behavior and efficiency. Both devices C. Krebs Polymer Solar Cell Initiative, The Danish Polymer Centre, Risø National Laboratory, PO Box

174

Diabetes on the Rise in California  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

HEALTH POLICY RESEARCH DIABETES IN CALIFORNIA: FINDINGS FROMTHE 2001 CALIFORNIA HEALTH INTERVIEW SURVEY UCLA CENTER FORSUITE 300 LOS ANGELES, CALIFORNIA 90024 PHONE: (310) 794-

Diamant, Allison L.; Babey, Susan H.; Brown, E. Richard; Hastert, Theresa A.

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

175

Polymers for metal extractions in carbon dioxide  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A composition useful for the extraction of metals and metalloids comprises (a) carbon dioxide fluid (preferably liquid or supercritical carbon dioxide); and (b) a polymer in the carbon dioxide, the polymer having bound thereto a ligand that binds the metal or metalloid; with the ligand bound to the polymer at a plurality of locations along the chain length thereof (i.e., a plurality of ligands are bound at a plurality of locations along the chain length of the polymer). The polymer is preferably a copolymer, and the polymer is preferably a fluoropolymer such as a fluoroacrylate polymer. The extraction method comprises the steps of contacting a first composition containing a metal or metalloid to be extracted with a second composition, the second composition being as described above; and then extracting the metal or metalloid from the first composition into the second composition.

DeSimone, Joseph M. (7315 Crescent Ridge Dr., Chapel Hill, NC 27516); Tumas, William (1130 Big Rock Loop, Los Alamos, NM 87544); Powell, Kimberly R. (103 Timber Hollow Ct. Apartment 323, Chapel Hill, NC 27514); McCleskey, T. Mark (1930 Camino Mora, Los Alamos, NM 87544); Romack, Timothy J. (5810 Forest Ridge Dr., Durham, NC 27713); McClain, James B. (8530 Sommersweet La., Raleigh, NC 27612); Birnbaum, Eva R. (1930 Camino Mora, Los Alamos, NM 87544)

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

176

Spray forming polymer membranes, coatings and films  

SciTech Connect

A method of forming a polymer film having controlled physical and chemical characteristics, wherein a plume of nebulized droplets of a polymer or polymer precursor is directed toward a substrate from a converging/diverging nozzle having a throat at which the polymer or a precursor thereof is introduced and an exit from which the nebulized droplets of the polymer or precursor thereof leave entrained in a carrier gas. Relative movement between the nozzle and the substrate is provided to form a polymer film. Physical and chemical characteristics can be controlled by varying the deposition parameters and the gas and liquid chemistries. Semipermeable membranes of polyphosphazene films are disclosed, as are a variety of other polymer systems, both porous and non-porous.

McHugh, Kevin M. (Idaho Falls, ID); Watson, Lloyd D. (Rigby, ID); McAtee, Richard E. (Idaho Falls, ID); Ploger, Scott A. (Rigby, ID)

1993-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

177

Probing Organic Transistors with Infrared Beams  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Probing Organic Transistors with Infrared Beams Print Probing Organic Transistors with Infrared Beams Print Silicon-based transistors are well-understood, basic components of contemporary electronic technology. In contrast, there is growing need for the development of electronic devices based on organic polymer materials. Organic field-effect transistors (FETs) are ideal for special applications that require large areas, light weight, and structural flexibility. They also have the advantage of being easy to mass-produce at very low cost. However, even though this class of devices is finding a growing number of applications, electronic processes in organic materials are still not well understood. A group of researchers from the University of California and the ALS has succeeded in probing the intrinsic electronic properties of the charge carriers in organic FETs using infrared spectromicroscopy. The results of their study could help in the future development of sensors, large-area displays, and other plastic electronic components.

178

Red-green-blue polymer light-emitting diode pixels printed by optimized laser-induced forward transfer  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Red-green-blue polymer light-emitting diode pixels printed by optimized laser-induced forward tri-color organic light-emitting diode (OLED) pixels. At reduced pressures, and with a defined donor already been used to fabricate basic small-molecule organic light-emitting diodes (OLEDs)2,3 and polymeric

179

5th International Conference on Polymer Batteries and Fuel Cells - PBFC-5 -  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Home Home Conference Goals Organizers Sponsors Speakers Program Posters Registration Hotels Breakfast/Dinner Options Maps and Transportation to Argonne Bus Schedule Contact Us Chicago skyline Battery research Argonne APS 5th INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE ON POLYMER BATTERIES AND FUEL CELLS (PBFC-5) PBFC 2011 August 1 - 5, 2011 Advanced Photon Source, Argonne National Laboratory Argonne, Illinois USA About the Conference It is a great pleasure for the organizing committee of the 5th International Conference on Polymer Batteries and Fuel Cells (PBFC-5, PBFC-2011) to invite all who are interested in materials for and systems based on lithium polymer, lithium-ion, metal-air, and flow batteries, and proton-exchange membrane and alkaline-exchange membrane fuel cells to attend PBFC-5. Read more.

180

Polymer compositions, polymer films and methods and precursors for forming same  

SciTech Connect

Stable, high performance polymer compositions including polybenzimidazole (PBI) and a melamine-formaldehyde polymer, such as methylated, poly(melamine-co-formaldehyde), for forming structures such as films, fibers and bulky structures. The polymer compositions may be formed by combining polybenzimidazole with the melamine-formaldehyde polymer to form a precursor. The polybenzimidazole may be reacted and/or intertwined with the melamine-formaldehyde polymer to form the polymer composition. For example, a stable, free-standing film having a thickness of, for example, between about 5 .mu.m and about 30 .mu.m may be formed from the polymer composition. Such films may be used as gas separation membranes and may be submerged into water for extended periods without crazing and cracking. The polymer composition may also be used as a coating on substrates, such as metal and ceramics, or may be used for spinning fibers. Precursors for forming such polymer compositions are also disclosed.

Klaehn, John R; Peterson, Eric S; Orme, Christopher J

2013-09-24T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "diabetes organic polymers" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


181

Oxidative and initiated chemical vapor deposition for application to organic electronics  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Since the first discovery of polymeric conductors in 1977, the research area of "organic electronics" has grown dramatically. However, methods for forming thin films comprised solely of conductive polymers are limited by ...

Im, Sung Gap

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

182

Impact of Post-Synthesis Modification of Nanoporous Organic Frameworks on Selective Carbon Dioxide Capture.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Porous organic polymers containing nitrogen-rich building units are among the most promising materials for selective CO2 capture and separation applications that impact the environment and… (more)

?slamo?lu, Timur

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

183

Laboratory Thin-Film Encapsulation of Air-Sensitive Organic Semiconductor Devices  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We present an approach, which is compatible with both glass and polymer substrates, to in-laboratory handling and intra-laboratory shipping of air-sensitive organic semiconductors. Encapsulation approaches are presented ...

Subbarao, Samuel P.

184

Constructing identities through storytelling in diabetes management  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The continuing epidemics of diabetes and obesity create much need for information technologies that can help individuals engage in proactive health management. Yet many of these technologies focus on such pragmatic issues as collecting and presenting ... Keywords: chronic disease management, diabetes, learning, reflection, ubiquitous computing

Lena Mamykina; Andrew D. Miller; Elizabeth D. Mynatt; Daniel Greenblatt

2010-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

185

Electrically conductive polymer concrete coatings  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A sprayable electrically conductive polymer concrete coating for vertical d overhead applications is described. The coating is permeable yet has low electrical resistivity (<10 ohm-cm), good bond strength to concrete substrates, and good weatherability. A preferred formulation contains about 60 wt % calcined coke breeze, 40 wt % vinyl ester with 3.5 wt % modified bentonite clay. Such formulations apply evenly and provide enough rigidity for vertical or overhead structures so there is no drip or sag.

Fontana, J.J.; Elling, D.; Reams, W.

1990-03-13T23:59:59.000Z

186

Electrically conductive polymer concrete coatings  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A sprayable electrically conductive polymer concrete coating for vertical d overhead applications is described. The coating is permeable yet has low electrical resistivity (<10 ohm-cm), good bond strength to concrete substrates, and good weatherability. A preferred formulation contains about 60 wt % calcined coke breeze, 40 wt % vinyl ester with 3.5 wt % modified bentonite clay. Such formulations apply evenly and provide enough rigidity for vertical or overhead structures so there is no drip or sag.

Fontana, Jack J. (Shirley, NY); Elling, David (Centereach, NY); Reams, Walter (Shirley, NY)

1990-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

187

Electrically conductive polymer concrete coatings  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A sprayable electrically conductive polymer concrete coating for vertical and overhead applications is described. The coating is permeable yet has low electrical resistivity (<10 ohm-cm), good bond strength to concrete substrates, and good weatherability. A preferred formulation contains about 60 wt% calcined coke breeze, 40 wt% vinyl ester resin with 3.5 wt% modified bentonite clay. Such formulations apply evenly and provide enough rigidity for vertical or overhead structures so there is no drip or sag. 4 tabs.

Fontana, J.J.; Elling, D.; Reams, W.

1988-05-26T23:59:59.000Z

188

Chaperonin Polymers in Archaea: The Cytoskeleton of Prokaryotes?  

DOE R&D Accomplishments (OSTI)

Chaperonins are protein complexes that play a critical role in folding nascent polypeptides under normal conditions and refolding damaged proteins under stress conditions. In all organisms these complexes are composed of evolutionarily conserved 60-kDa proteins arranged in double-ring structures with between 7 and 9 protein subunits per ring. These double ring structures are assumed to be the functional units in vivo, although they have never been observed inside cells. Here the authors show that the purified chaperonin from the hyperthermophilic archaeon Sulfolobus shibatae, which is closely related to chaperonins in eukaryotes, has a double ring structure at low concentrations (0.1 mg/ml), but at more physiological concentrations, the rings stack end to end to form polymers. The polymers are stable at physiological temperatures (75 C) and closely resemble structures observed inside unfixed S. shibatae cells. The authors suggest that in vivo chaperonin activity may be regulated by polymerization and that chaperonin polymers may act as a cytoskeleton-like structure in archaea and bacteria.

Trent, J. D.; Kagawa, H. K.; Zaluzec, N. J.

1997-07-00T23:59:59.000Z

189

Organosiloxane-grafted natural polymer coatings  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A new family of polysaccharide graft polymers are provided as corrosion resistant coatings having antimicrobial properties which are useful on light metals such as aluminum, magnesium, zinc, steel and their alloys. Methods of making the polysaccharide graft polymers are also included. The methods of making the polysaccharide graft polymers involve reacting a polysaccharide source with an antimicrobial agent under conditions of hydrolysis-condensation. 17 figs.

Sugama, Toshifumi

1998-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

190

Asphaltenes-based polymer nano-composites  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Inventive composite materials are provided. The composite is preferably a nano-composite, and comprises an asphaltene, or a mixture of asphaltenes, blended with a polymer. The polymer can be any polymer in need of altered properties, including those selected from the group consisting of epoxies, acrylics, urethanes, silicones, cyanoacrylates, vulcanized rubber, phenol-formaldehyde, melamine-formaldehyde, urea-formaldehyde, imides, esters, cyanate esters, allyl resins.

Bowen, III, Daniel E

2013-12-17T23:59:59.000Z

191

Photoinitiated grafting of porous polymer monoliths and thermoplastic polymers for microfluidic devices  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A microfluidic device preferably made of a thermoplastic polymer that includes a channel or a multiplicity of channels whose surfaces are modified by photografting. The device further includes a porous polymer monolith prepared via UV initiated polymerization within the channel, and functionalization of the pore surface of the monolith using photografting. Processes for making such surface modifications of thermoplastic polymers and porous polymer monoliths are set forth.

Frechet, Jean M. J. (Oakland, CA); Svec, Frantisek (Alameda, CA); Rohr, Thomas (Leiden, NL)

2008-10-07T23:59:59.000Z

192

Tritium containing polymers having a polymer backbone substantially void of tritium  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A radioluminescent light source comprises a solid mixture of a phosphorescent substance and a tritiated polymer. The solid mixture forms a solid mass having length, width, and thickness dimensions, and is capable of self-support. In one aspect of the invention, the phosphorescent substance comprises solid phosphor particles supported or surrounded within a solid matrix by a tritium containing polymer. The tritium containing polymer comprises a polymer backbone which is essentially void of tritium.

Jensen, George A. (Richland, WA); Nelson, David A. (Richland, WA); Molton, Peter M. (Richland, WA)

1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

193

Tritium containing polymers having a polymer backbone substantially void of tritium  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A radioluminescent light source comprises a solid mixture of a phosphorescent substance and a tritiated polymer. The solid mixture forms a solid mass having length, width, and thickness dimensions, and is capable of self-support. In one aspect of the invention, the phosphorescent substance comprises solid phosphor particles supported or surrounded within a solid matrix by a tritium containing polymer. The tritium containing polymer comprises a polymer backbone which is essentially void of tritium. 2 figs.

Jensen, G.A.; Nelson, D.A.; Molton, P.M.

1992-03-31T23:59:59.000Z

194

Porous Coordination Polymer Composite Membranes for Gas ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This novel architecture should allow the porous coordination polymer to sieve the gas molecules, while being bound into a sealable, gas-tight structure which is ...

195

Relaxation, structure and transport in nanocomposite polymer ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... with various lithium salts, forms ion.conducting polymers ... such as advanced batteries, sensors and ... The lithium ions connect the ionic transport with ...

196

Fueling Infrastructure Polymer Materials Compatibility to Ethanol...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Fueling Infrastructure Polymer Materials Compatibility to Ethanol-blended Gasoline These data files contain volume, mass, and hardness changes of elastomers and plastics...

197

ELECTROSPUN POLYMER-FIBER SOLAR CELL.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??A study of fabricating the first electrospun polymer-fiber solar cell with MEHPPV is presented. Motivation for the work and a brief history of solar cell… (more)

Nagata, Shinobu

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

198

Efficient Polymer Solar Cells - Energy Innovation Portal  

Ames Laboratory researchers have developed a process for producing more efficient polymer solar cells by increasing light absorption through a thin ...

199

Skin-Like Prosthetic Polymer Surfaces  

transmit heat much more easily than untreated polymers. In addition, the material can be adjusted for color and skin smoothness, ... ••Thermal conduct ...

200

EFFECTS OF TRITIUM GAS EXPOSURE ON POLYMERS  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Effects of tritium gas exposure on various polymers have been studied over the last several years. Despite the deleterious effects of beta exposure on many material properties, structural polymers continued to be used in tritium systems. Improved understanding of the tritium effects will allow more resistant materials to be selected. Currently polymers find use mainly in tritium gas sealing applications (eg. valve stem tips, O-rings). Future uses being evaluated including polymeric based cracking of tritiated water, and polymer-based sensors of tritium.

Clark, E.; Fox, E.; Kane, M.; Staack, G.

2011-01-07T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "diabetes organic polymers" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


201

FY 2002 Programs and Accomplishments: Polymers Division  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... developer solution, a photoacid generator (PAG), and ... also provided the first direct evidence of ... decreasing pressure required to drive the polymer ...

2012-10-02T23:59:59.000Z

202

Electrical Modeling of Polymer Solar Cell  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A numerical model to predict the current-voltage curves of bilayer polymer solar cell. The model includes drift and diffusion currents, injection and extraction at ...

203

Polymer/Layered Silicate Nanocomposites from Thermally ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... from a variety of polymers [polystyrene (PS), poly ... cap containing a 6.35-mm graphite rod counter ... 3-7-layer) tactoids with expanded layer spacings. ...

2004-06-22T23:59:59.000Z

204

Morphologies of PDMS-containing diblock polymers  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The morphologies of polydimethylsiloxane (PDMS)-containing diblock polymers are investigated as a function of volume fraction, segregation, processing procedure, and temperature. Strongly segregated polyisoprene-PDMS and ...

Stewart-Sloan, Charlotte (Charlotte Roberta)

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

205

Laser Processing of Metals and Polymers  

SciTech Connect

A laser offers a unique set of opportunities for precise delivery of high quality coherent energy. This energy can be tailored to alter the properties of material allowing a very flexible adjustment of the interaction that can lead to melting, vaporization, or just surface modification. Nowadays laser systems can be found in nearly all branches of research and industry for numerous applications. Sufficient evidence exists in the literature to suggest that further advancements in the field of laser material processing will rely significantly on the development of new process schemes. As a result they can be applied in various applications starting from fundamental research on systems, materials and processes performed on a scientific and technical basis for the industrial needs. The interaction of intense laser radiation with solid surfaces has extensively been studied for many years, in part, for development of possible applications. In this thesis, I present several applications of laser processing of metals and polymers including polishing niobium surface, producing a superconducting phase niobium nitride and depositing thin films of niobium nitride and organic material (cyclic olefin copolymer). The treated materials were examined by scanning electron microscopy (SEM), electron probe microanalysis (EPMA), atomic force microscopy (AFM), high resolution optical microscopy, surface profilometry, Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR) and x-ray diffraction (XRD). Power spectral density (PSD) spectra computed from AFM data gives further insight into the effect of laser melting on the topography of the treated niobium.

Senthilraja Singaravelu

2012-05-31T23:59:59.000Z

206

Computer Simulation for Laser Welding of Thermoplastic Polymers  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper presents an analytical approach to thermal behaviors of laser welding of polymers. Laser polymers processing leads to various thermal, photophysical, and photochemical processes within the bulk and on the material surface. The understanding ... Keywords: polymer, thermal analysis, welding

Ching-Yen Ho; Moa-Yu Wen; Chung Ma

2010-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

207

Self-Assembly of Polymer Nano-Elements on Sapphire  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Self-Assembly of Polymer Nano-Elements on Sapphire Self-Assembly of Polymer Nano-Elements on Sapphire Print Wednesday, 25 March 2009 00:00 Self-assembly of polymers promises to...

208

Systematic development of coarse-grained polymer models  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The coupling between polymer models and experiments has improved our understanding of polymer behavior both in terms of rheology and dynamics of single molecules. Developing these polymer models is challenging because of ...

Underhill, Patrick Theodore

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

209

Self-Assembly of Polymer Nano-Elements on Sapphire  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Self-Assembly of Polymer Nano-Elements on Sapphire Print Self-assembly of polymers promises to vastly improve the properties and manufacturing processes of nanostructured...

210

Haverford Researchers Create Carbon Dioxide-Separating Polymer  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Haverford College Researchers Create Carbon Dioxide-Separating Polymer Haverford College Researchers Create Carbon Dioxide-Separating Polymer August 1, 2012 | Tags: Basic Energy...

211

Modeling of Mechano-chemical Degradation of Polymer Membranes ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Abstract Scope, A transient, non-isothermal, two-dimensional (2D) model for the mechano-chemical degradation of a polymer membrane in a polymer electrolyte

212

POLYMER SURFACE & INTERFACE GROUP Department of Physics, University of Guelph  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

particles - improvements in drying of paint films - mechanical properties of thin polymer and biopolymer and stability of polymer membranes - Fourier transform infrared reflectance with polarization modulation All

Dutcher, John

213

Molecular stretching in polymer melts undergoing steady elongational flow.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Molecular stretching in polymer melts undergoing steady elongational flow. Kell Mortensen Centre DTU, Lyngby, Denmark The molecular stretching of a polymer melt undergoing steady elongational

214

Atomizing apparatus for making polymer and metal powders and whiskers  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Method for making polymer particulates, such as spherical powder and whiskers, by melting a polymer material under conditions to avoid thermal degradation of the polymer material, atomizing the melt using gas jet means in a manner to form atomized droplets, and cooling the droplets to form polymer particulates, which are collected for further processing. Atomization parameters can be controlled to produce polymer particulates with controlled particle shape, particle size, and particle size distribution. For example, atomization parameters can be controlled to produce spherical polymer powders, polymer whiskers, and combinations of spherical powders and whiskers. Atomizing apparatus also is provided for atoomizing polymer and metallic materials.

Otaigbe, Joshua U. (Ames, IA); McAvoy, Jon M. (Moline, IL); Anderson, Iver E. (Ames, IA); Ting, Jason (Ames, IA); Mi, Jia (Pittsburgh, PA); Terpstra, Robert (Ames, IA)

2003-03-18T23:59:59.000Z

215

Preparation and Characterization of Novel Polymer/Silicate Nanocomposites  

SciTech Connect

Nanocomposite materials with an inorganic glass and an organic polymer constitute a relatively new and unique area in material science. The term “ormocers”, “ormosils” and “ceramers” are often utilized to describe this class of nanocomposite (1, 2). By combining at the molecular level inorganic and organic polymeric material a blending of unique physical properties can be achieved. The value in these materials is apparent, from fiber optics to paints these materials may provide the requisite physical properties to achieve the next technological advance. There are several different ways of synthesizing this class of nanocomposite; therefore a means of classification is necessary. Most developed nomenclature is based on synthetic techniques; Wilkes has a relatively recent and exhaustive categorization (3). However we chose to classify these materials upon a simpler system first suggested by Novak (4). Five categories cover the majority of composites synthesized with more recent techniques being modifications or combinations from this list.

Harrup, Mason Kurt; Wertsching, Alan Kevin; Jones, Michael Glen

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

216

Tandem Polymer Solar Cells Featuring a Spectrally Matched Low-Bandgap Polymer  

SciTech Connect

Tandem solar cells provide an effective way to harvest a broader spectrum of solar radiation by combining two or more solar cells with different absorption bands. However, for polymer solar cells, the performance of tandem devices lags behind single-layer solar cells mainly due to the lack of a suitable low-bandgap polymer. Here, we demonstrate highly efficient single and tandem polymer solar cells featuring a low-bandgap conjugated polymer (PBDTT-DPP: bandgap, {approx}1.44 eV). A single-layer device based on the polymer provides a power conversion efficiency of {approx}6%. When the polymer is applied to tandem solar cells, a power conversion efficiency of 8.62% is achieved, which is, to the best of our knowledge, the highest certified efficiency for a polymer solar cell to date.

Dou, L.; You, J.; Yang, J.; Chen, C. C.; He, Y.; Murase, S.; Moriarty, T.; Emery, K.; Li, G.; Yang, Y.

2012-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

217

Shape memory polymer actuator and catheter  

SciTech Connect

An actuator system is provided for acting upon a material in a vessel. The system includes an optical fiber and a shape memory polymer material operatively connected to the optical fiber. The shape memory polymer material is adapted to move from a first shape for moving through said vessel to a second shape where it can act upon said material.

Maitland, Duncan J. (Pleasant Hill, CA); Lee, Abraham P. (Walnut Creek, CA); Schumann, Daniel L. (Concord, CA); Matthews, Dennis L. (Moss Beach, CA); Decker, Derek E. (Byron, CA); Jungreis, Charles A. (Pittsburgh, PA)

2007-11-06T23:59:59.000Z

218

Anion-Conducting Polymer, Composition, and Membrane  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Anion-conducing polymers and membranes with enhanced stability to aqueous alkali include a polymer backbone with attached sulfonium, phosphazenium, phosphazene, and guanidinium residues. Compositions also with enhanced stability to aqueous alkali include a support embedded with sulfonium, phosphazenium, and guanidinium salts.

Pivovar, Bryan S. (Los Alamos, NM); Thorn, David L. (Los Alamos, NM)

2008-10-21T23:59:59.000Z

219

Anion-conducting polymer, composition, and membrane  

SciTech Connect

Anion-conducing polymers and membranes with enhanced stability to aqueous alkali include a polymer backbone with attached sulfonium, phosphazenium, phosphazene, and guanidinium residues. Compositions also with enhanced stability to aqueous alkali include a support embedded with sulfonium, phosphazenium, and guanidinium salts.

Pivovar, Bryan S. (Los Alamos, NM); Thorn, David L. (Los Alamos, NM)

2011-11-22T23:59:59.000Z

220

Anion-conducting polymer, composition, and membrane  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Anion-conducing polymers and membranes with enhanced stability to aqueous alkali include a polymer backbone with attached sulfonium, phosphazenium, phosphazene, and guanidinium residues. Compositions also with enhanced stability to aqueous alkali include a support embedded with sulfonium, phosphazenium, and guanidinium salts.

Pivovar, Bryan S. (Los Alamos, NM); Thorn, David L. (Los Alamos, NM)

2009-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "diabetes organic polymers" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


221

Anion-conducting polymer, composition, and membrane  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Anion-conducing polymers and membranes with enhanced stability to aqueous alkali include a polymer backbone with attached sulfonium, phosphazenium, phosphazene, and guanidinium residues. Compositions also with enhanced stability to aqueous alkali include a support embedded with sulfonium, phosphazenium, and guanidinium salts.

Pivovar, Bryan S. (Los Alamos, NM); Thorn, David L. (Los Alamos, NM)

2010-12-07T23:59:59.000Z

222

Fuel cell electrolyte membrane with basic polymer  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

The present invention is an electrolyte membrane comprising an acid and a basic polymer, where the acid is a low-volatile acid that is fluorinated and is either oligomeric or non-polymeric, and where the basic polymer is protonated by the acid and is stable to hydrolysis.

Larson, James M. (Saint Paul, MN); Pham, Phat T. (Little Canada, MN); Frey, Matthew H. (Cottage Grove, MN); Hamrock, Steven J. (Stillwater, MN); Haugen, Gregory M. (Edina, MN); Lamanna, William M. (Stillwater, MN)

2010-11-23T23:59:59.000Z

223

Polymers  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... NCMC Members (*New in FY2003): 3M ExxonMobil Research Air Force Research Lab Honeywell International Accelrys Inc.* ICI/National Starch & ...

224

Polymers  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... Industries (IPC), Roadmap 2005 Outlook Update, IPC ... to prepare and polymerize oil droplets in an ... increase the volume of gas released under laser ...

2012-10-02T23:59:59.000Z

225

Diorganosilacetylene-alt-diorganosilvinylene polymers and a process densifying porous silicon-carbide bodies  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

The present invention provides linear organosilicon polymers including acetylene and vinylene moieties, and a process for their preparation. These diorganosilacetylene-alt-diorganosilvinylene linear polymers can be represented by the formula: --[--(R.sup.1)(R.sup.2)Si--C.tbd.C--(R.sup.3)(R.sup.4)Si--CH=CH--].sub.n-- , wherein n.gtoreq.2; and each R.sup.1, R.sup.2, R.sup.3, and R.sup.4 is independently selected from the group consisting of hydrogen, halogen, alkyl, alkenyl, aryl, and aralkyl radicals. The polymers are soluble in organic solvents, air stable, and can be pulled into fibers or cast into films. They can be thermally converted into silicon carbide ceramic materials.

Barton, Thomas J. (Ames, IA); Ijadi-Maghsoodi, Sina (Ames, IA); Pang, Yi (Ames, IA)

1994-05-17T23:59:59.000Z

226

Functionalized Polymers For Binding To Solutes In Aqueous Solutions  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Functionalized Polymers For Binding To Solutes In Aqueous Solutions Functionalized Polymers For Binding To Solutes In Aqueous Solutions Functionalized Polymers For Binding To Solutes In Aqueous Solutions A functionalized polymer for binding a dissolved molecule in an aqueous solution is presented. Available for thumbnail of Feynman Center (505) 665-9090 Email Functionalized Polymers For Binding To Solutes In Aqueous Solutions A functionalized polymer for binding a dissolved molecule in an aqueous solution is presented. The polymer has a backbone polymer to which one or more functional groups are covalently linked. The backbone polymer can be such polymers as polyethylenimine, polyvinylamine, polyallylamine, and polypropylamine. These polymers are generally water-soluble, but can be insoluble when cross-linked. The functional group can be for example diol

227

Photoconversion of gasified organic materials into biologically-degradable plastics  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A process is described for converting organic materials (such as biomass wastes) into a bioplastic suitable for use as a biodegradable plastic. In a preferred embodiment the process involves thermally gasifying the organic material into primarily carbon monoxide and hydrogen, followed by photosynthetic bacterial assimilation of the gases into cell material. The process is ideally suited for waste recycling and for production of useful biodegradable plastic polymer.

Weaver, Paul F. (Golden, CO); Maness, Pin-Ching (Golden, CO)

1993-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

228

Photoconversion of gasified organic materials into biologically-degradable plastics  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A process is described for converting organic materials (such as biomass wastes) into a bioplastic suitable for use as a biodegradable plastic. In a preferred embodiment the process involves thermally gasifying the organic material into primarily carbon monoxide and hydrogen, followed by photosynthetic bacterial assimilation of the gases into cell material. The process is ideally suited for waste recycling and for production of useful biodegradable plastic polymer. 3 figures.

Weaver, P.F.; Pinching Maness.

1993-10-05T23:59:59.000Z

229

Applicant Organization: | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Applicant Organization: Applicant Organization: Applicant Organization: More Documents & Publications BlueFire Ethanol, Inc. Applicant Organization: Applicant Organization:...

230

Vacuum deposited polymer/silver reflector material  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Weatherable, low cost, front surface, solar reflectors on flexible substrates would be highly desirable for lamination to solar concentrator panels. The method to be described in this paper may permit such reflector material to be fabricated for less than 50 cents per square foot. Vacuum deposited Polymer/Silver/Polymer reflectors and Fabry-Perot interference filters were fabricated in a vacuum web coating operation on polyester substrates. Reflectivities were measured in the wavelength range from .4 {mu}m to .8 {mu}m. It is hoped that a low cost substrate can be used with the substrate laminated to the concentrator and the weatherable acrylic polymer coating facing the sun. This technique should be capable of deposition line speeds approaching 1500 linear feet/minute. Central to this technique is a new vacuum deposition process for the high rate deposition of polymer films. This polymer process involves the flash evaporation of an acrylic monomer onto a moving substrate. The monomer is subsequently cured by an electron beam or ultraviolet light. This high speed polymer film deposition process has been named the PML process - for Polymer Multi-Layer.

Affinito, J.; Martin, P.; Gross, M.; Bennett, W.

1994-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

231

Ideal Polymers near Scale-Free Surfaces  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The number of allowed configurations of a polymer is reduced by the presence of a repulsive surface resulting in an entropic force between them. We develop a method to calculate the entropic force, and detailed pressure distribution, for long ideal polymers near a scale-free repulsive surface. For infinite polymers the monomer density is related to the electrostatic potential near a conducting surface of a charge placed at the point where the polymer end is held. Pressure of the polymer on the surface is then related to the charge density distribution in the electrostatic problem. We derive explicit expressions for pressure distributions and monomer densities for ideal polymers near a two- or three-dimensional wedge, and for a circular cone in three dimensions. Pressure of the polymer diverges near sharp corners in a manner resembling (but not identical to) the electric field divergence near conducting surfaces. We provide formalism for calculation of all components of the total force in situations without axial symmetry.

Yosi Hammer; Yacov Kantor

2013-11-17T23:59:59.000Z

232

Glass/polymer composites and methods of making  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

The present invention relates to new glass/polymer composites and methods for making them. More specifically, the invention is glass/polymer composites having phases that are at the molecular level and thereby practicably indistinguishable. The invention further discloses making molecular phase glass/polymer composites by mixing a glass and a polymer in a compatible solvent.

Samuels, W. D. (Richland, WA); Exarhos, Gregory J. (Richland, WA)

1995-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

233

Redox polymer electrodes for advanced batteries  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Advanced batteries having a long cycle lifetime are provided. More specifically, the present invention relates to electrodes made from redox polymer films and batteries in which either the positive electrode, the negative electrode, or both, comprise redox polymers. Suitable redox polymers for this purpose include pyridyl or polypyridyl complexes of transition metals like iron, ruthenium, osmium, chromium, tungsten and nickel; porphyrins (either free base or metallo derivatives); phthalocyanines (either free base or metallo derivatives); metal complexes of cyclams, such as tetraazacyclotetradecane; metal complexes of crown ethers and metallocenes such as ferrocene, cobaltocene and ruthenocene. 2 figs.

Gregg, B.A.; Taylor, A.M.

1998-11-24T23:59:59.000Z

234

Polymers in anisotropic environment with extended defects  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The conformational properties of flexible polymers in d dimensions in environments with extended defects are analyzed both analytically and numerically. We consider the case, when structural defects are correlated in \\varepsilon_d dimensions and randomly distributed in the remaining d-\\varepsilon_d. Within the lattice model of self-avoiding random walks (SAW), we apply the pruned enriched Rosenbluth method (PERM) and find the estimates for scaling exponents and universal shape parameters of polymers in environment with parallel rod-like defects (\\varepsilon_d=1). An analytical description of the model is developed within the des Cloizeaux direct polymer renormalization scheme.

V. Blavatska; K. Haydukivska

2012-12-17T23:59:59.000Z

235

Randomly charged polymers in porous environment  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We study the conformational properties of charged polymers in a solvent in the presence of structural obstacles correlated according to a power law \\sim x^{-a}. We work within the continuous representation of a model of linear chain considered as a random sequence of charges $q_i=\\pm q_0$. Such a model captures the properties of polyampholytes -- heteropolymers, comprising both positively and negatively charged monomers. We apply the direct polymer renormalization scheme and analyze the scaling behavior of charged polymers up to the first order of an $\\epsilon=6-d$, $\\delta=4-a$-expansion.

V. Blavatska; C. von Ferber

2013-07-10T23:59:59.000Z

236

Porphyrin coordination polymer nanospheres and nanorods  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A porphyrin coordination polymer nanostructure comprising a network of pyridyl porphyrin molecules and coordinating metal ions coordinatively bound through the pyridyl groups. In some embodiments, the porphyrins are metalloporphyrins. A variety of nanostructures are formed by the network polymer, including nanospheres, polygonal nanostructures, nanorods, and nanofibers, depending on a variety of factors including coordination metal ion, porphyrin type, metal of the metalloporphyrin, and degree of agitation during nanostructure formation. Reduction of coordinating metal ions may be used to form metal nanoparticles on the coordination polymer nanostructure.

Wang, Zhongchun; Shelnutt, John A.; Medforth, Craig J.

2012-12-04T23:59:59.000Z

237

Redox polymer electrodes for advanced batteries  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Advanced batteries having a long cycle lifetime are provided. More specifically, the present invention relates to electrodes made from redox polymer films and batteries in which either the positive electrode, the negative electrode, or both, comprise redox polymers. Suitable redox polymers for this purpose include pyridyl or polypyridyl complexes of transition metals like iron, ruthenium, osmium, chromium, tungsten and nickel; porphyrins (either free base or metallo derivatives); phthalocyanines (either free base or metallo derivatives); metal complexes of cyclams, such as tetraazacyclotetradecane; metal complexes of crown ethers and metallocenes such as ferrocene, cobaltocene and ruthenocene.

Gregg, Brian A. (Golden, CO); Taylor, A. Michael (Golden, CO)

1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

238

Morphology in electrochemically grown conducting polymer films  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A conducting polymer film with an improved space filling is formed on a metal electrode surface. A self-assembling monolayer is formed directly on the metal surface where the monolayer has a first functional group that binds to the metal surface and a second chemical group that forms a chemical bonding site for molecules forming the conducting polymer. The conducting polymer is then conventionally deposited by electrochemical deposition. In one example, a conducting film of polyaniline is formed on a gold electrode surface with an intermediate monolayer of p-aminothiophenol. 2 figs.

Rubinstein, I.; Gottesfeld, S.; Sabatani, E.

1992-04-28T23:59:59.000Z

239

Electrical condition monitoring method for polymers  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

An electrical condition monitoring method utilizes measurement of electrical resistivity of a conductive composite degradation sensor to monitor environmentally induced degradation of a polymeric product such as insulated wire and cable. The degradation sensor comprises a polymeric matrix and conductive filler. The polymeric matrix may be a polymer used in the product, or it may be a polymer with degradation properties similar to that of a polymer used in the product. The method comprises a means for communicating the resistivity to a measuring instrument and a means to correlate resistivity of the degradation sensor with environmentally induced degradation of the product.

Watkins, Jr. Kenneth S. (Dahlonega, GA); Morris, Shelby J. (Hampton, VA); Masakowski, Daniel D. (Worcester, MA); Wong, Ching Ping (Duluth, GA); Luo, Shijian (Boise, ID)

2010-02-16T23:59:59.000Z

240

Polymer Matrix Composites: A Perspective for a Special Issue of Polymer Reviews  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Polymer matrix composites, with their high specific strength and stiffness, are used in a wide range of applications from large wind turbine blades to microelectronics. This perspective article provides a brief primer on polymer matrix composites, discusses some of their advantages and limitations, and describes a number of emerging trends in the field. In addition, it introduces four review articles on the topics of recent developments in carbon fibers, natural fiber reinforced composites, evaluation of the interface between the fiber reinforcement and polymer matrix, and carbon nanotube reinforced polymers.

Kessler, Michael R.

2012-09-04T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "diabetes organic polymers" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


241

Indentation response of polymer films and aircraft wiring with polymer insulation.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??M.S. The airline regulatory communities are interested in methods that can access degradation in the polymer insulation of aging aircraft wiring. This study investigates the… (more)

Nagendran, Kaushik Bindiganavile, 1979-

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

242

Polymer state approximations of Schroedinger wave functions  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

It is shown how states of a quantum mechanical particle in the Schroedinger representation can be approximated by states in the so-called polymer representation. The result may shed some light on the semiclassical limit of loop quantum gravity.

Klaus Fredenhagen; Felix Reszewski

2006-06-21T23:59:59.000Z

243

Polymer/Elastomer and Composite Material Science  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

/ Elastomer and / Elastomer and Composite Material Science KEVIN L. SIMMONS Pacific Northwest National Laboratory, Richland, WA DOE Headquarters, Forrestal Bldg. October 17-18, 2012 January 17, 2013 Kevin.simmons@pnnl.gov 1 Outline Hydrogen production, transmission, distribution, delivery system Common themes in the hydrogen system Automotive vs infrastructure Hydrogen use conditions Polymer/elastomer and composites compatibility? Common materials in BOP components, hoses, and liners Common materials in composite tank and piping Material issues Polymers/Elastomers Composites Questions 2 Main Points to Remember 1) Polymers are extensively used in hydrogen and fuel cell applications 2) Hydrogen impact on polymers is not well understood 3) Next steps 3 4 Hydrogen Production Systems

244

Semiconductor-nanocrystal/conjugated polymer thin films  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

The invention described herein provides for thin films and methods of making comprising inorganic semiconductor-nanocrystals dispersed in semiconducting-polymers in high loading amounts. The invention also describes photovoltaic devices incorporating the thin films.

Alivisatos, A. Paul (Oakland, CA); Dittmer, Janke J. (Munich, DE); Huynh, Wendy U. (Munich, DE); Milliron, Delia (Berkeley, CA)

2010-08-17T23:59:59.000Z

245

Nanoparticle-Enhanced Crystallization of Semicrystalline Polymer ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Abstract Scope, The introduction of nanoparticles into semicrystalline polymers can alter the development and ... Colloidal Ag-Pt/TiO2 Nanocomposites for Photocatalysis ... Positron Lifetime Analysis of Polyurea-Nanoclay Composites.

246

Carbon nanotube polymer composition and devices  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A thin film device and compound having an anode, a cathode, and at least one light emitting layer between the anode and cathode, the at least one light emitting layer having at least one carbon nanotube and a conductive polymer.

Liu, Gao (Oakland, CA); Johnson, Stephen (Richmond, CA); Kerr, John B. (Oakland, CA); Minor, Andrew M. (El Cerrito, CA); Mao, Samuel S. (Castro Valley, CA)

2011-06-14T23:59:59.000Z

247

Chemical vapor deposition of antimicrobial polymer coatings  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

There is large and growing interest in making a wide variety of materials and surfaces antimicrobial. Initiated chemical vapor deposition (iCVD), a solventless low-temperature process, is used to form thin films of polymers ...

Martin, Tyler Philip, 1977-

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

248

Chemical vapor deposition of functionalized isobenzofuran polymers  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This thesis develops a platform for deposition of polymer thin films that can be further tailored by chemical surface modification. First, we explore chemical vapor deposition of functionalized isobenzofuran films using ...

Olsson, Ylva Kristina

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

249

Nanocharacterization of electrocoated polymers on carbon fibers  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Electropolymerization of carbazole and its copolymers onto carbon fibers were performed by potentiodynamic and potentiostatic methods. Electrocoated polymer thin films on carbon fiber microelectrodes (CFME) were characterized by combination of a variety ... Keywords: Carbon fibers, Electropolymerization, Nanomodification

A. Sezai Sarac

2006-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

250

Structural retrofitting using fiber reinforced polymers  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Over the past decades, fiber reinforced polymers (FRP) have been widely used in the aeronautical and naval industries. Being more costly than conventional Civil Engineering materials such as steel or concrete, they have ...

Dumas, Pierre, M. Eng. Massachusetts Institute of Technology

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

251

Counting primary loops in polymer gels  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Much of our fundamental knowledge related to polymer networks is built on an assumption of ideal end-linked network structure. Real networks invariably possess topological imperfections that negatively affect mechanical ...

Zhou, Huaxing

252

Fuel cell electrolyte membrane with acidic polymer  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

An electrolyte membrane is formed by an acidic polymer and a low-volatility acid that is fluorinated, substantially free of basic groups, and is either oligomeric or non-polymeric.

Hamrock, Steven J. (Stillwater, MN); Larson, James M. (Saint Paul, MN); Pham, Phat T. (Little Canada, MN); Frey, Matthew H. (Cottage Grove, MN); Haugen, Gregory M. (Edina, MN); Lamanna, William M. (Stillwater, MN)

2009-04-14T23:59:59.000Z

253

Insulating polymer concrete for LNG impounding dikes. [Polymer concretes  

SciTech Connect

An insulating polymer concrete (IPC) composite has been developed under contract to the Gas Research Institute for possible use as a dike insulation material at Liquid Natural Gas (LNG) storage facilities. In the advent of an LNG spill into the impounding dike area, the boiloff rate of the LNG can be substantially reduced if the surfaces of the dike are insulated. This increased safety at the LNG facility will tend to reduce the hazardous explosive mixture with atmospheric air in the surrounding region. The dike insulation material must have a low thermal conductivity and be unaffected by environmental conditions. The IPC composites developed consist of perlite or glass nodule aggregates bound together as a closed cell structure with a polyester resin. In addition to low thermal conductivity and porosity, these composites have correspondingly high strengths and, therefore, can carry transient loads of workmen and maintenance equipment. Prefabricated IPC panels have been installed experimentally and at least one utility is currently considering a complete installation at its LNG facility. 5 refs., 5 tabs.

Fontana, J.J.; Steinberg, M.

1986-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

254

Electrochemical modeling of lithium polymer batteries.  

SciTech Connect

An electrochemical model for lithium polymer cells was developed and a parameter set for the model was measured using a series of laboratory experiments. Examples are supplied to demonstrate the capabilities of the electrochemical model to obtain the concentration, current, and potential distributions in lithium polymer cells under complex cycling protocols. The modeling results are used to identify processes that limit cell performance and for optimizing cell design. Extension of the electrochemical model to examine two-dimensional studies is also described.

Dees, D. W.; Battaglia, V. S.; Belanger, A.; Chemical Engineering; Inst. de recherche d' Hydro-Quebec

2002-08-22T23:59:59.000Z

255

Oil recovery by imbibition from polymer solutions  

SciTech Connect

The success of a polymer flood in a water-wet fractured reservoir is dependent on the recovery of oil from the matrix blocks by the polymer solution imbibition. This thesis presents the results of an experimental and theoretical study investigating this problem. Two sets of experiments were performed, static and dynamic. The results of the static experiments, in which a matrix block was surrounded by the imbibing fluid, showed that the amounts of oil that ultimately could be recovered by the water and polymer solutions are practically equal. However, the rate of oil recovery by the polymer solutions is always less than that of the water. This delay in the oil recovery was found to be a function of the polymer solutions molecular weight, concentration, and salt content. The theoretical investigation of the experimental data found that the polymer retention and the high apparent viscosity were the causes for the delay. The dynamic experiments consisted of flooding oil-saturated fractured cores through the fracture by water and different polymer solutions. The oil recovery behavior in these experiments was found to be dependent not only on the rate of injected fluid imbibition from the fracture into the matrix blocks, but also on the operating injection rate and the displacement efficiency of the oil in the fracture by the injected fluid. It is also dependent on the amount of viscous forces that are generated by the injected fluid flow through the fracture. Under certain conditions, polymer flooding of the fractures gave greater oil recovery than water flooding, whereas under others it did not.

Ghedan, S.G.

1989-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

256

Reading Comprehension - Organs and Organ Systems  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

together in a group make up an organ system. Examples of organ systems are cats and dogs the circulatory system and the respiratory system the stomacular system and...

257

Probing Organic Transistors with Infrared Beams  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Probing Organic Transistors with Probing Organic Transistors with Infrared Beams Probing Organic Transistors with Infrared Beams Print Wednesday, 26 July 2006 00:00 Silicon-based transistors are well-understood, basic components of contemporary electronic technology. In contrast, there is growing need for the development of electronic devices based on organic polymer materials. Organic field-effect transistors (FETs) are ideal for special applications that require large areas, light weight, and structural flexibility. They also have the advantage of being easy to mass-produce at very low cost. However, even though this class of devices is finding a growing number of applications, electronic processes in organic materials are still not well understood. A group of researchers from the University of California and the ALS has succeeded in probing the intrinsic electronic properties of the charge carriers in organic FETs using infrared spectromicroscopy. The results of their study could help in the future development of sensors, large-area displays, and other plastic electronic components.

258

TFB:TPDSi2 interfacial layer usable in organic photovoltaic cells  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

The present invention, in one aspect, relates to a solar cell. In one embodiment, the solar cell includes an anode; an active organic layer comprising an electron-donating organic material and an electron-accepting organic material; and an interfacial layer formed between the anode and active organic layer, where the interfacial layer comprises a hole-transporting polymer characterized with a hole-mobility higher than that of the electron-donating organic material in the active organic layer, and a small molecule that has a high hole-mobility and is capable of crosslinking on contact with air.

Marks, Iobin J. (Evanston, IL); Hains, Alexander W. (Evanston, IL)

2011-02-15T23:59:59.000Z

259

Polymer quenched prealloyed metal powder  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A powder metallurgical process of preparing a sheet from a powder having an intermetallic alloy composition such as an iron, nickel or titanium aluminide. The sheet can be manufactured into electrical resistance heating elements having improved room temperature ductility, electrical resistivity, cyclic fatigue resistance, high temperature oxidation resistance, low and high temperature strength, and/or resistance to high temperature sagging. The iron aluminide has an entirely ferritic microstructure which is free of austenite and can include, in weight %, 4 to 32% Al, and optional additions such as .ltoreq.1% Cr, .gtoreq.0.05% Zr .ltoreq.2% Ti, .ltoreq.2% Mo, .ltoreq.1% Ni, .ltoreq.0.75% C, .ltoreq.0.1% B, .ltoreq.1% submicron oxide particles and/or electrically insulating or electrically conductive covalent ceramic particles, .ltoreq.1% rare earth metal, and/or .ltoreq.3 % Cu. The process includes forming a non-densified metal sheet by consolidating a powder having an intermetallic alloy composition such as by roll compaction, tape casting or plasma spraying, forming a cold rolled sheet by cold rolling the non-densified metal sheet so as to increase the density and reduce the thickness thereof and annealing the cold rolled sheet. The powder can be a water, polymer or gas atomized powder which is subjecting to sieving and/or blending with a binder prior to the consolidation step. After the consolidation step, the sheet can be partially sintered. The cold rolling and/or annealing steps can be repeated to achieve the desired sheet thickness and properties. The annealing can be carried out in a vacuum furnace with a vacuum or inert atmosphere. During final annealing, the cold rolled sheet recrystallizes to an average grain size of about 10 to 30 .mu.m. Final stress relief annealing can be carried out in the B2 phase temperature range.

Hajaligol, Mohammad R. (Midlothian, VA); Fleischhauer, Grier (Midlothian, VA); German, Randall M. (State College, PA)

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

260

Simulation demonstrates economics of minnelusa polymer floods  

SciTech Connect

Defining some variables with a probability distribution can establish more precisely the economic value of such projects as polymer flooding in the Minnelusa formation. An enhanced-oil-recovery (EOR) project often presents a difficult investment decision. The substantial risks and performance uncertainties must be carefully weighted against the investment costs. a Monte Carlo simulation model was used to characterize the incremental economics of a Minnelusa polymer flood. The principal questions addressed in this paper are: What is the likelihood of the EOR project being an economic success What is the expected economic benefit of the polymer flood With representative field parameters and price projections, the typical Minnelusa polymer flood was found to have a 93% chance of economic success. The expected monetary value (EMV) for the project is $1.6 million. This expected net gain results from the incremental cost of about $50,000 for additional surface equipment and about $480,000 for chemicals. Although each project must be evaluated on its own merits, these results present a strong case of considering polymer-augmented floods in the Minnelusa.

Hochanadel, S.M. (Tiorco Inc., Englewood, CO (US)); Schuyler, J.R.

1991-05-27T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "diabetes organic polymers" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


261

Polymer Technology Corp | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Polymer Technology Corp Polymer Technology Corp Jump to: navigation, search Name Polymer Technology Corp Place Menomonie, Wisconsin Zip 54751 Sector Services Product A provider of contract engineering services Coordinates 44.8805°, -91.929559° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":44.8805,"lon":-91.929559,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

262

NETL: Novel Inorganic/Polymer Composite Membranes  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Novel Inorganic/Polymer Composite Membranes Novel Inorganic/Polymer Composite Membranes Project No.: DE-FE0007632 Ohio State University is developing a cost-effective design and manufacturing process for new membrane modules that capture carbon dioxide (CO2) from flue gas. The membranes consist of a thin, selective inorganic layer, embedded in a polymer structure so that it can be made in a continuous manufacturing process. They will be incorporated in spiral-wound modules for bench-scale tests using coal-fired flue gas. Preliminary cost calculations show that a single-stage membrane process is economically unfavorable, primarily because of the low concentration of CO2 (~14 percent) in the flue gas stream. A two-stage process is more economical, but requires plant operation with a CO2-enriched recycle stream.

263

Two Dimensional Polymer That Generates Nitric Oxide.  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A polymeric composition that generates nitric oxide and a process for rendering the surface of a substrate nonthrombogenic by applying a coating of the polymeric composition to the substrate are disclosed. The composition comprises: (1) a crosslinked chemical combination of (i) a polymer having amino group-containing side chains along a backbone forming the polymer, and (ii) a crosslinking agent containing functional groups capable of reacting with the amino groups; and (2) a plurality of nitric oxide generating functional groups associated with the crosslinked chemical combination. Once exposed to a physiological environment, the coating generates nitric oxide thereby inhibiting platelet aggregation. In one embodiment, the nitric oxide generating functional groups are provided by a nitrated compound (e.g., nitrocellulose) imbedded in the polymeric composition. In another embodiment, the nitric oxide generating functional groups comprise N2O2- groups covalently bonded to amino groups on the polymer.

McDonald, William F. (Utica, OH); Koren, Amy B. (Lansing, MI)

2005-10-04T23:59:59.000Z

264

Mesoscale morphologies in polymer thin films.  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In the midst of an exciting era of polymer nanoscience, where the development of materials and understanding of properties at the nanoscale remain a major R&D endeavor, there are several exciting phenomena that have been reported at the mesoscale (approximately an order of magnitude larger than the nanoscale). In this review article, we focus on mesoscale morphologies in polymer thin films from the viewpoint of origination of structure formation, structure development and the interaction forces that govern these morphologies. Mesoscale morphologies, including dendrites, holes, spherulites, fractals and honeycomb structures have been observed in thin films of homopolymer, copolymer, blends and composites. Following a largely phenomenological level of description, we review the kinetic and thermodynamic aspects of mesostructure formation outlining some of the key mechanisms at play. We also discuss various strategies to direct, limit, or inhibit the appearance of mesostructures in polymer thin films as well as an outlook toward potential areas of growth in this field of research.

Ramanathan, M.; Darling, S. B. (Center for Nanoscale Materials)

2011-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

265

Tensorial conservation law for nematic polymers  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We derive the "conservation law" for nematic polymers in tensorial form valid for quadrupolar orientational order in contradistinction to the conservation law in the case of polar orientational order. Due to microscopic differences in the coupling between the orientational field deformations and the density variations for polar and quadrupolar order, we find that respective order parameters satisfy fundamentally distinct constraints. Being necessarily scalar in its form, the tensorial conservation law is obtained straightforwardly from the gradients of the polymer nematic tensor field and connects the spatial variation of this tensor field with density variations. We analyze the differences between the polar and the tensorial forms of the conservation law, present some explicit orientational fields that satisfy this new constraint and discuss the role of singular "hairpins", which do not affect local quadrupolar order of polymer nematics, but nevertheless influence its gradients.

Daniel Sven\\vsek; Gregory M. Grason; Rudolf Podgornik

2013-09-27T23:59:59.000Z

266

Directed-polymer systems explored via their quantum analogs: General polymer interactions and their consequences  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The impact of polymer-polymer interactions of various types on the thermodynamics, structure, and accommodation of topological constraints is addressed for systems comprising many directed polymers in two spatial dimensions. The approach is predicated on the well-known equivalence between the classical equilibrium statistical mechanics of directed polymers in two spatial dimensions and the imaginary-time quantum dynamics of particles in one spatial dimension, originally exploited by P.-G. de Gennes [J.\\ Chem.\\ Phys.\\ {\\bf 48}, 2257 (1968)]. Known results concerning two exactly solvable microscopic models of quantum particles moving in one spatial dimension---the Lieb-Liniger model of contact interactions and the Calogero-Sutherland model of long-range interactions---are used to shed light on the behavior of the corresponding polymeric systems. In addition, the technique of bosonization is used to reveal how generic polymer interactions give rise to an emergent polymer fluid that has universal collective excitations. Comparison of the response to topological constraints of a fluid of simply noncrossing (i.e., noncrossing but otherwise noninteracting) directed polymers, explored in a companion Paper, to the response of a generically interacting directed polymer fluid reveals that the structure is quantitatively unchanged by the generic interactions on the line transverse to the pin, and is qualitatively unchanged by the generic interactions throughout the two dimensions of the system's extent. Furthermore, the free-energy cost associated with a pin that partitions a system having generic interactions is found to be proportional to the pin-partitioning cost for a system of simply noncrossing polymers.

D. Zeb Rocklin; Paul M. Goldbart

2013-07-02T23:59:59.000Z

267

Study of Hydrophobic and Ionizable Hydrophilic Copolymers at Polymer/Solid and Polymer/Liquid Interfaces  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Joint experimental-computational efforts were set to characterize the interfacial effects on the structure and dynamics of polymers consisting of highly rigid hydrophilic-ionizable and hydrophobic sub-units within one polymeric chain casted into thin films of several molecular dimensions. Focusing on the ultra thin film region we separate out the interfacial effects from bulk characteristics. Specifically, the study sought to: identify the parameters that control the formation of a stable polymer-solid interface. The study consists of two components, experimental investigations and computational efforts. The experimental component was designed to derive empirical trends that can be used to correlate the set of coupled polymer molecular parameters with the interfacial characteristics of these polymers, and their response to presence of solvents. The computational study was designed to provide molecular insight into the ensemble averages provided by the experimental efforts on multiple length scales from molecular dimensions, to the nanometer lengths to a macroscopic understanding of solvent interactions with structured polymers. With the ultimate goal of correlating molecular parameters to structure, dynamics and properties of ionic polymers, the first stage of the research began with the study of two systems, one which allowed tailoring the flexibility of the backbone without the presence of ionic groups, but with a potential to sulfonate groups at a later stage, and a polymer whose backbone is rigid and the density of the ionic group can be varied. The combined experimental and computational studies significantly extended the understanding of polymers at interfaces from model systems to polydispersed copolymers with blocks of varying nature and complexity. This new insight directly affects the design of polymers for sustainable energy applications from batteries and fuel cells to solar energy.

Perahia, Dvora

2011-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

268

Anomalous zipping dynamics and forced polymer translocation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We investigate by Monte Carlo simulations the zipping and unzipping dynamics of two polymers connected by one end and subject to an attractive interaction between complementary monomers. In zipping, the polymers are quenched from a high temperature equilibrium configuration to a low temperature state, so that the two strands zip up by closing up a "Y"-fork. In unzipping, the polymers are brought from a low temperature double stranded configuration to high temperatures, so that the two strands separate. Simulations show that the unzipping time, $\\tau_u$, scales as a function of the polymer length as $\\tau_u \\sim L$, while the zipping is characterized by anomalous dynamics $\\tau_z \\sim L^\\alpha$ with $\\alpha = 1.37(2)$. This exponent is in good agreement with simulation results and theoretical predictions for the scaling of the translocation time of a forced polymer passing through a narrow pore. We find that the exponent $\\alpha$ is robust against variations of parameters and temperature, whereas the scaling of $\\tau_z$ as a function of the driving force shows the existence of two different regimes: the weak forcing ($\\tau_z \\sim 1/F$) and strong forcing ($\\tau_z$ independent of $F$) regimes. The crossover region is possibly characterized by a non-trivial scaling in $F$, matching the prediction of recent theories of polymer translocation. Although the geometrical setup is different, zipping and translocation share thus the same type of anomalous dynamics. Systems where this dynamics could be experimentally investigated are DNA (or RNA) hairpins: our results imply an anomalous dynamics for the hairpins closing times, but not for the opening times.

Alessandro Ferrantini; Enrico Carlon

2011-02-14T23:59:59.000Z

269

Intertape Polymer Corp. Award Recipient for the ENERGY STAR Challenge...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Award Recipient of the ENERGY STAR Challenge for Industry Intertape Polymer Corp. 2200 North McRoy Drive Carbondale, IL 62901 The Intertape Polymer plant was constructed in 1994....

270

Polymer-coated iron oxide nanoparticles for medical imaging  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

One of the most versatile and safe materials used in medicine are polymer-coated iron oxide nanoparticles. This dissertation describes several formulations for in vivo imaging applications. The paramagnetic polymer-coated ...

Chen, Suelin, Ph.D. Massachusetts Institute of Technology

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

271

Water-soluble polymers and utilization thereof  

SciTech Connect

Water-soluble polymers that thicken reversibly in aqueous solution on alteration of the degree of alkalinity are manufactured by treating an aqueous suspension of protein with the enzymes elaborated extracellularly by a species of the genus Pseudomonas. The water-soluble polymers resulting therefrom are biodegradable. They are useful for stabilizing emulsions, as flow-control agents in water base paint, and as antiredeposition agents in laundry detergents. They are particularly useful as flow-control agents in the waterflooding process for the recovery of petroleum. (11 claims)

Leavitt, R.I.

1976-11-02T23:59:59.000Z

272

Polymer blends for use in photoelectrochemical cells for conversion of solar energy to electricity  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

There is disclosed a polymer blend of a highly conductive polymer and a solid polymer electrolyte that is designed to achieve better charge transfer across the conductive film/polymer electrolyte interface of the electrochemical photovoltaic cell. The highly conductive polymer is preferably polypyrrole or poly-N-p-nitrophenylpyrrole and the solid polymer electrolyte is preferably polyethylene oxide or polypropylene oxide.

Skotheim, Terje (East Patchogue, NY)

1986-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

273

Controlling Defect Density in Polymer-Fullerene Bulk Heterojunction ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Controlling Defect Density in Polymer-Fullerene Bulk Heterojunction Solar Cells by Optimizing ... Engineering Carbon Nanomaterials for Energy Application.

274

Transport and Confinement of DNA within Polymer nano ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Transport and Confinement of DNA within Polymer nano-tubes. Ana Jofre, Rani Kishore, Kris Helmerson. We have recently ...

275

Preparation of redox polymer cathodes for thin film rechargeable batteries  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

The present invention relates to the manufacture of thin film solid state electrochemical devices using composite cathodes comprising a redox polymer capable of undergoing oxidation and reduction, a polymer solid electrolyte and conducting carbon. The polymeric cathode material is formed as a composite of radiation crosslinked polymer electrolytes and radiation crosslinked redox polymers based on polysiloxane backbones with attached organosulfur side groups capable of forming sulfur-sulfur bonds during electrochemical oxidation.

Skotheim, T.A.; Lee, H.S.; Okamoto, Yoshiyuki.

1994-11-08T23:59:59.000Z

276

2007 Status of Manufacturing: Polymer Electrolyte Membrane (PEM) Fuel Cells  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

In this document we assess the North American industry's current ability to manufacture polymer electrolyte membrane (PEM) fuel cells.

Wheeler, D.; Sverdrup, G.

2008-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

277

Development and modeling of conducting polymer actuators and the fabrication of a conducting polymer based feedback loop  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Conducting polymers as a class of materials can be used to build a diverse range of devices. Conducting polymer based actuators (muscles), transistors (neurons), strain gages (muscle spindles), force sensors (Golgi tendon ...

Madden, Peter Geoffrey Alexander, 1971-

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

278

Guide wire extension for shape memory polymer occlusion removal devices  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A flexible extension for a shape memory polymer occlusion removal device. A shape memory polymer instrument is transported through a vessel via a catheter. A flexible elongated unit is operatively connected to the distal end of the shape memory polymer instrument to enhance maneuverability through tortuous paths en route to the occlusion.

Maitland, Duncan J. (Pleasant Hill, CA); Small, IV, Ward (Livermore, CA); Hartman, Jonathan (Sacramento, CA)

2009-11-03T23:59:59.000Z

279

Polymers containing borane or carborane cage compounds and related applications  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Polymers comprising residues of borane and/or carborane cage compound monomers having at least one polyalkoxy silyl substituent. Such polymers can further comprise one or more reactive matrices and/or co-monomers covalently bound with the cage compound monomer residues. Methods of making and applications for using such polymers are also disclosed.

Bowen, III, Daniel E. (Olathe, KS); Eastwood, Eric A. (Raymore, MO)

2012-06-05T23:59:59.000Z

280

Organic thin film prehistory: looking towards solution phase aggregation |  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Organic thin film prehistory: looking towards solution phase aggregation Organic thin film prehistory: looking towards solution phase aggregation Wednesday, November 6, 2013 - 3:00pm SLAC, Redtail Hawk Conference Room 108A Christopher Tassone, SSRL Polymer bulk heterojunction (BHJ) solar cells have attracted significant attention in industry and academia because of their potential for achieving large-area, light-weight, and flexible photovoltaic devices through cost-effective solution deposition techniques. These devices consist of a blend of an absorbing polymer and an electron accepting fullerene, the molecular packing and phase segregation of which heavily influence power conversion efficiency by effecting important processes such as exciton splitting, charge transport, and recombination. Understanding and utilization of molecular interactions to predicatively control the

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "diabetes organic polymers" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


281

Mechanics of amorphous polymers and polymer nanocomposites during high rate deformation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

It has been suggested that a polymer's macroscopic mechanical response to a general loading case is governed by its ability to access various primary and secondary molecular mobilities. Specifically, under conditions of ...

Mulliken, Adam Dustin, 1979-

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

282

Degradation of polymers in scintillator solution  

SciTech Connect

It is reponted thai pantial degradation of high polymers takes place when subjected to liquid scintillation counting. Significant degradation was only observed in the fractions of highest molecular weight. The cause of degradation is uncertain though photochemical degradation appears to be the most probable mechanism. (UK)

Norris, J.F.; Peaker, F.W.

1974-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

283

Thermoset epoxy polymers from renewable resources  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Novel thermoset epoxy polymers using the bisglycidyl ethers of anhydrosugars, such as isosorbide, isomannide, and isoidide, are disclosed. The bisglycidyl ethers are useful as substitutes for bisphenol A in the manufacture of thermoset epoxy ethers. The anhydrosugars are derived from renewable sources and the bisglycidyl ethers are not xenoestrogenic and the thermoset curing agents are likewise derived form renewable resources.

East, Anthony (Madison, NJ); Jaffe, Michael (Maplewood, NJ); Zhang, Yi (Harrison, NJ); Catalani, Luiz H (Carapicuiba, BR)

2009-11-17T23:59:59.000Z

284

Engineering Polymer Informatics: Towards The Computer-Aided Design of Polymers  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

polymers in a commercial journal, therefore, what the publisher owns is not the data as such or any new facts, which have been discovered, but rather the particular expression of these results in the paper. However, publishers currently appear to attempt... not currently addressed the building of condensed phases. 2.2.3 Polymer Ontology The discussion so far has already established, that markup alone is not sufficient to generate structured and meaningful documents and that “meaning” is provided by ontologies...

Adams, Nico; Murray-Rust, Peter

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

285

1D simulation of polymer flooding including the viscoelastic effect of polymer solution  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper reports that simple simulation models are constructed to predict the performance of 1D polymer flooding. In the models, two phases of oil and polymer solution were assumed to be immiscible with each other. Because the displacing fluid was non-Newtonian, the Buckley-Leverett equation could be modified and a new approach developed to calculate fractional-flow curves. The rheological behavior of polymer solution was modeled with an Ellis type model and a viscoelastic model. To verify the models, two 1D flooding experiments were carried out on 2.8-cm-diameter, 47-cm-long, unconsolidated cores packed with glass beads (70/100 mesh). Porosities of the cores are about 37% and permeabilities are around 26{mu}m{sup 2}. Two white mineral oils of viscosities 25 and 60 mPa {center dot} s and a 200-ppm polyacrylamide solution were used. In each experiment, polymer flooding was done after waterflooding. Initial water saturation was controlled to be almost the same at the start of each flood. The calculated polymer-flooding performances were compared with experimental data. On the other hand, the viscoelastic model predicted fractional-flow curves, oil recovery performances, and breakthrough times of the experiments very well. The viscoelastic effect of polymer solution is thought to play an important role in the improvement of oil recovery.

Masuda, Y.; Tang, K.C.; Miyazawa, M.; Tanaka, S. (Univ. of Tokyo (JP))

1992-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

286

Synthesis and study of conjugated polymers containing Di- or Triphenylamine  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This thesis consists of two separate parts. The first part addresses the synthesis and study of conjugated polymers containing di- or triphenylamine. Two types of polymers: linear polymers and dendrimers, were synthesized. The polymers were characterized by NMR, IR, UV, GPC, TGA and DSC. Electronic and optical properties of the polymers were studied through the conductivity measurements and excitation- emission spectra. the second part of this thesis deals with a reaction of electron-rich acetylenes with TCNE. The discovery of the reaction from charge transfer complex studies and the investigation of this reaction on various electron-rich acetylenes are presented.

Sukwattanasinitt, M.

1996-06-21T23:59:59.000Z

287

Do the Defects Make It Work? Defect Engineering in Pi-Conjugated Polymers and Their Solar Cells: Preprint  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The charged defect density in common pi-conjugated polymers such as poly(3-hexylthiophene), P3HT, is around 1018 cm-3. Despite, or perhaps because of, this huge defect density, bulk heterojunction solar cells made from these polymers and a C60 derivative such as PCBM exhibit some of the highest efficiencies (~5%) yet obtained in solid state organic photovoltaic cells. We discuss defects in molecular organic semiconductors and in pi-conjugated polymers. These defects can be grouped in two categories, covalent and noncovalent. Somewhat analogous to treating amorphous silicon with hydrogen, we introduce chemical methods to modify the density and charge of the covalent defects in P3HT by treating it with electrophiles such as dimethyl sulfate and nucleophiles such as sodium methoxide. The effects of these treatments on the electrical and photovoltaic properties and stability of organic PV cells is discussed in terms of the change in the number and chemical properties of the defects. Finally, we address the question of whether the efficiency of OPV cells requires the presence of these defects which function as adventitious p-type dopants. Their presence relieves the resistance limitations usually encountered in cleaner organic semiconductors and can create built-in electric fields at junctions.

Wang, D.; Reese, M.; Kopidakis N.; Gregg, B. A.

2008-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

288

Screening for diabetic retinopathy : Aspects of photographic methods.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Diabetic retinopathy (DRP) is a major cause of acquired blindness and visual impairment among people of working age as well as those aged 65 years… (more)

Wendt, Gunvor von

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

289

Candidate Biomarkers for Type 1 Diabetes - PNNL: Available ...  

Summary. Researchers at PNNL have discovered a new method for potentially predicting the onset of type 1 diabetes with more consistency. Until now, ...

290

Immobilization of radioactive and hazardous wastes in a developed sulfur polymer cement (SPC) matrix  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Available in abstract form only. Full text of publication follows: A process has been developed for the immobilization Cs, Sr, Ce, Pb, and Cr in forms that is non-dispersible and could be safely immobilized. The simulated radioactive wastes of Cs, Sr, and Ce, and the hazardous wastes of Cr, and Pb were immobilized in the stable form of sulfur polymer cement (SPC). In this process, the contaminants (in a single form) were added to the sulfur mixture of sulfur and aromatic /or aliphatic hydrocarbons that used as polymerizing agents for sulfur (95% S, and 5% organic polymer by weight). Durability of the fabricated SPC matrices was assessed in terms of their water of immersion, porosity, and compressive strength. The water immersion, and open porosity were found to be less than 2.5% for all the prepared matrices, whereas the compressive strength was in the range between 62.4 and 142.3 Kg.cm{sup -2}, depending on the composition of the prepared matrix. The prepared SPC matrices that characterized by X-ray diffraction (XRD) showed that the different added contaminants were stabilized during the solidification process during their reaction with sulfur and the organic polymer to form the corresponding metal sulfides. Toxicity Characteristic Leaching Procedure (TCLP), and the IAEA standard method have assessed the leachability of the prepared waste matrices. The TCLP results showed that most the concentration of the contaminants released were under their detection limit. The leach index for the investigated metals from the prepared SPC matrices was in the range of 9-11. The order of release of the investigated metals was Sr>Cs>Pb>Cr>Ce for the aliphatic polymer, and Sr>Cr>Pb>Cs>Ce for the aromatic one. The results obtained revealed a high performance for the prepared SPC matrices, as they are of low cost effect, highly available materials, and possessed good mechanical and leaching properties. Key Words: SPC/ Matrices/ Immobilization/ Wastes/ Leachability. (authors)

Wagdy, M.; Azim, Abdel; El-Gammal, Belal [Atomic Energy Authority, Nasr City, P.O. Box 7551, Cairo (Egypt); Husain, Ahmed [National Research Center, Cairo (Egypt)

2007-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

291

Organization | Department of Energy  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Organization Leadership Organization Contact Us The Office of Economic Impact and Diversity is comprised of six offices: The Office of the Director- contact us Office of...

292

SSRL Users' Organization Ballot  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

2003 SSRL Users' Organization Executive Committee (SSRLUO-EC) Ballot The SSRL Users' Organization Executive Committee represents the scientific user community to the SSRL...

293

Pressure Driven Flow of Polymer Solutions in Nanoscale Slit Pores  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Polymer solutions subject to pressure driven flow and in nanoscale slit pores are systematically investigated using the dissipative particle dynamics approach. We investigated the effect of molecular weight, polymer concentration and flow rate on the profiles across the channel of the fluid and polymer velocities, polymers density, and the three components of the polymers radius of gyration. We found that the mean streaming fluid velocity decreases as the polymer molecular weight or/and polymer concentration is increased, and that the deviation of the velocity profile from the parabolic profile is accentuated with increase in polymer molecular weight or concentration. We also found that the distribution of polymers conformation is highly anisotropic and non-uniform across the channel. The polymer density profile is also found to be non-uniform, exhibiting a local minimum in the center-plane followed by two symmetric peaks. We found a migration of the polymer chains either from or towards the walls. For relatively long chains, as compared to the thickness of the slit, a migration towards the walls is observed. However, for relatively short chains, a migration away from the walls is observed.

J. A. Millan; W. Jiang; M. Laradji; Y. Wang

2006-10-16T23:59:59.000Z

294

Polymers with Tailored Electronic Structure for High Capacity Lithium  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Polymers with Tailored Electronic Structure for High Capacity Lithium Polymers with Tailored Electronic Structure for High Capacity Lithium Battery Electrodes Title Polymers with Tailored Electronic Structure for High Capacity Lithium Battery Electrodes Publication Type Journal Article Year of Publication 2011 Authors Liu, Gao, Shidi Xun, Nenad Vukmirovic, Xiangyun Song, Paul Olalde-Velasco, Honghe Zheng, Vince S. Battaglia, Linwang Wang, and Wanli Yang Journal Advanced Materials Volume 23 Start Page 4679 Issue 40 Pagination 4679 - 4683 Date Published 10/2011 Keywords binders, conducting polymers, density funcational theory, lithium batteries, X-ray spectroscopy Abstract A conductive polymer is developed for solving the long-standing volume change issue in lithium battery electrodes. A combination of synthesis, spectroscopy and simulation techniques tailors the electronic structure of the polymer to enable in situ lithium doping. Composite anodes based on this polymer and commercial Si particles exhibit 2100 mAh g-1 in Si after 650 cycles without any conductive additive.

295

Dynamics of Conformational Transition in Thermo-Sensitive Polymers and  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Atomistic simulations elucidating the coil-to-globule conformational changes in thermosensitive polymers. Atomistic simulations elucidating the coil-to-globule conformational changes in thermosensitive polymers. Atomistic simulations elucidating the coil-to-globule conformational changes in thermosensitive polymers. Dynamics of Conformational Transition in Thermo-Sensitive Polymers and Hydrogels PI Name: Subramanian Sankaranarayanan PI Email: skrssank@anl.gov Institution: Argonne National Laboratory Allocation Program: ALCC Allocation Hours at ALCF: 50 Million Year: 2012 Research Domain: Materials Science Subramanian Sankaranarayanan with Argonne's Center for Nanoscale Materials was awarded 50 million hours to study conformational transformations in thermo-sensitive oligomers and their macroscopic architectures such as polymer brushers and polymer gels. Understanding the conformational transformations of isolated linear polymer

296

Synthesis and Characterization of Polymer Nanocomposites for Energy Applications  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Polymer nanocomposites are used in a variety of applications due to their good mechanical properties. Specifically, better performance of lithium ion batteries and thermal interface material can be obtained by using conductive materials and polymer composites. In the case of lithium ion batteries, electrochemical properties of batteries can be improved by adding conductive additives and conducting polymer into the cathode. Several samples, to which different conductive additives and conducting polymer were added, were prepared and their electrical resistance and discharge capacity measured. In the thermal interface material case, also, thermal properties can be enhanced by polymer nanocomposites. In order to confirm the thermal conductivity enhancement, samples were synthesized using different filler, polymer and methods, and their thermal conductivity measured. The influence of polymer nanocomposites and results are discussed and future plan are presented. In addition, reasons of thermal conductivity changing in each case are discussed.

Park, Wonchang

2010-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

297

The Assessment of Structural and Material Bone Qualities in Adults with Type 2 Diabetes.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

?? The risk of fracture is higher in adults with type 2 diabetes compared to controls without type 2 diabetes, despite normal or higher than… (more)

Pritchard, Janet M

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

298

Nanoscale Reinforced, Polymer Derived Ceramic Matrix Coatings  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The goal of this project was to explore and develop a novel class of nanoscale reinforced ceramic coatings for high temperature (600-1000 C) corrosion protection of metallic components in a coal-fired environment. It was focused on developing coatings that are easy to process and low cost. The approach was to use high-yield preceramic polymers loaded with nano-size fillers. The complex interplay of the particles in the polymer, their role in controlling shrinkage and phase evolution during thermal treatment, resulting densification and microstructural evolution, mechanical properties and effectiveness as corrosion protection coatings were investigated. Fe-and Ni-based alloys currently used in coal-fired environments do not possess the requisite corrosion and oxidation resistance for next generation of advanced power systems. One example of this is the power plants that use ultra supercritical steam as the working fluid. The increase in thermal efficiency of the plant and decrease in pollutant emissions are only possible by changing the properties of steam from supercritical to ultra supercritical. However, the conditions, 650 C and 34.5 MPa, are too severe and result in higher rate of corrosion due to higher metal temperatures. Coating the metallic components with ceramics that are resistant to corrosion, oxidation and erosion, is an economical and immediate solution to this problem. Good high temperature corrosion protection ceramic coatings for metallic structures must have a set of properties that are difficult to achieve using established processing techniques. The required properties include ease of coating complex shapes, low processing temperatures, thermal expansion match with metallic structures and good mechanical and chemical properties. Nanoscale reinforced composite coatings in which the matrix is derived from preceramic polymers have the potential to meet these requirements. The research was focused on developing suitable material systems and processing techniques for these coatings. In addition, we investigated the effect of microstructure on the mechanical properties and oxidation protection ability of the coatings. Coatings were developed to provide oxidation protection to both ferritic and austentic alloys and Ni-based alloys. The coatings that we developed are based on low viscosity pre-ceramic polymers. Thus they can be easily applied to any shape by using a variety of techniques including dip-coating, spray-coating and painting. The polymers are loaded with a variety of nanoparticles. The nanoparticles have two primary roles: control of the final composition and phases (and hence the properties); and control of the shrinkage during thermal decomposition of the polymer. Thus the selection of the nanoparticles was the most critical aspect of this project. Based on the results of the processing studies, the performance of selected coatings in oxidizing conditions (both static and cyclic) was investigated.

Rajendra Bordia

2009-07-31T23:59:59.000Z

299

Organic Electronics: Organic thin-film magnetometers  

SciTech Connect

Magnetometry usually requires large probes and bulky instrumentation. Organic diodes have now been used in small probes that can measure moderate magnetic fields with 10 ppm precision.

Shinar, Joseph

2012-07-24T23:59:59.000Z

300

Standards Development Organization Overview  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... Standards Organizations NFPA (National Fire Protection Association) ... Fire News – Annual directory – NFPA Buyer's Guide ... Headquarters ...

2010-04-28T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "diabetes organic polymers" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


301

Transportation Organization and Functions  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Office of Packaging and Transportation list of organizations and functions, with a list of acronyms.

302

TREC Organization User Agreement  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Organization Application to use the TREC Information- Retrieval Text Research Collections. The _____ ...

303

Polymer and Composite Materials Meeting Agenda  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

(all times in Eastern Time Zone) (all times in Eastern Time Zone) Start End Activity POC 08:00 08:45 Reception and badging DOE 08:45 09:00 Welcome and meeting objectives / expectations / time horizon for research activities (targets) Erika Sutherland, Sunita Satyapal 09:00 10:00 Polymer/elastomer and composite material science: key issues, knowledge gaps, R&D/testing data needs (40 min speaking, 20 min Q&A) Kevin Simmons 10:00 10:30 Codes and standards requirements - SAE J2579, SAE J2601: knowledge gaps, R&D data/testing needs Mike Veenstra 10:30 11:00 Break 11:00 11:30 Codes and standards requirements -CSA HGV 4, ASME X and B31: knowledge gaps, R&D data/testing needs Aaron Harris 11:30 12:00 Polymer/elastomer Draft R&D Work Plan ideas / Describe

304

First polymer in Comet Halley: Polyoxymethylene  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The RPA2-Positive Ion Cluster Composition Analyser (PICCA) on the Giotto spacecraft detected five mass peaks with regular spacing of about 15 amu up to about 120 amu. Starting at about 45 amu, the peaks decrease in intensity with increasing mass. Within their half-width they are in good agreement with dissociation products of formaldehyde polymer (POM). We suggest a production sequence in which cosmic radiation formed POM from water and carbon monoxide on grains that were aggregated into cometisimals. Other polymers, possibly containing CN, may also exist. Observations suggest that at least some of the H-, C-, and O-containing dust particles detected by the Particle Impact Analyser (PIA) on board of the Giotto spacecraft and its equivalent (PUMA) on the Vega 1 and 2 spacecraft contain POM. The properties of POM are consistent with many of the unexpected observations in the coma. 22 refs., 4 figs., 1 tab.

Huebner, W.F.; Boice, D.C.; Sharp, C.M.

1987-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

305

Economic assessment of the thin polymer icemaker  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

We have constructed and tested a small device to produce ice in ice/water mixtures using a cold fluid as the heat sink. The device is a flexible heat exchanger constructed from a thin film of a suitable polymer. When filled with circulating liquid coolant the heat exchanger consists of an inflated series of parallel tubes; Ice forms on the outside in complementary half cylinders. When the circulation in cut off, gravity drains the coolant and the static head of the water bath crushes the tubes, freeing them from the ice which floats to the surface. We here report an economic assessment of this device. In its present form, we find it competitive with existing commercial ice making systems. The analysis also points out two areas where further technical progress could lead to a significant economic advantage for the polymer film ice maker.

Leigh, R.W. (Pratt Inst., Brooklyn, NY (United States))

1992-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

306

Electrical condition monitoring method for polymers  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

An electrical condition monitoring method utilizes measurement of electrical resistivity of an age sensor made of a conductive matrix or composite disposed in a polymeric structure such as an electrical cable. The conductive matrix comprises a base polymer and conductive filler. The method includes communicating the resistivity to a measuring instrument and correlating resistivity of the conductive matrix of the polymeric structure with resistivity of an accelerated-aged conductive composite.

Watkins, Jr., Kenneth S. (Dahlonega, GA); Morris, Shelby J. (Hampton, VA); Masakowski, Daniel D. (Worcester, MA); Wong, Ching Ping (Duluth, GA); Luo, Shijian (Boise, ID)

2008-08-19T23:59:59.000Z

307

Germanium films by polymer-assisted deposition  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Highly ordered Ge films are prepared directly on single crystal Si substrates by applying an aqueous coating solution having Ge-bound polymer onto the substrate and then heating in a hydrogen-containing atmosphere. A coating solution was prepared by mixing water, a germanium compound, ethylenediaminetetraacetic acid, and polyethyleneimine to form a first aqueous solution and then subjecting the first aqueous solution to ultrafiltration.

Jia, Quanxi; Burrell, Anthony K.; Bauer, Eve; Ronning, Filip; McCleskey, Thomas Mark; Zou, Guifu

2013-01-15T23:59:59.000Z

308

A new deaeration technique for fluid polymers  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

By incorporating a mechanical vibrator or a rotating disk into the presently used deaeration system, the time required to deaerate adhesive polymers can be drastically reduced. The mechanical vibrator is efficient but it requires electrical power. The rotating disk deaerator can use a compressed air motor in a high explosives area or an electric motor in other areas. The rotating disks can easily be fabricated as low cost disposable items.

Montague, J.L.

1987-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

309

Polymer Crystallization in 25 nm Spheres  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Crystallization within the discrete spheres of a block copolymer mesophase was studied by time-resolved x-ray scattering. The cubic packing of microdomains, established by self-assembly in the melt, is preserved throughout crystallization by strong interblock segregation even though the amorphous matrix block is well above its glass transition temperature. Homogeneous nucleation within each sphere yields isothermal crystallizations which follow first-order kinetics, contrasting with the sigmoidal kinetics normally exhibited in the quiescent crystallization of bulk polymers.

Yueh-Lin Loo; Richard A. Register; Anthony J. Ryan

2000-03-30T23:59:59.000Z

310

USE OF POLYMERS TO RECOVER VISCOUS OIL FROM UNCONVENTIONAL RESERVOIRS  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This final technical progress report summarizes work performed the project, 'Use of Polymers to Recover Viscous Oil from Unconventional Reservoirs.' The objective of this three-year research project was to develop methods using water soluble polymers to recover viscous oil from unconventional reservoirs (i.e., on Alaska's North Slope). The project had three technical tasks. First, limits were re-examined and redefined for where polymer flooding technology can be applied with respect to unfavorable displacements. Second, we tested existing and new polymers for effective polymer flooding of viscous oil, and we tested newly proposed mechanisms for oil displacement by polymer solutions. Third, we examined novel methods of using polymer gels to improve sweep efficiency during recovery of unconventional viscous oil. This report details work performed during the project. First, using fractional flow calculations, we examined the potential of polymer flooding for recovering viscous oils when the polymer is able to reduce the residual oil saturation to a value less than that of a waterflood. Second, we extensively investigated the rheology in porous media for a new hydrophobic associative polymer. Third, using simulation and analytical studies, we compared oil recovery efficiency for polymer flooding versus in-depth profile modification (i.e., 'Bright Water') as a function of (1) permeability contrast, (2) relative zone thickness, (3) oil viscosity, (4) polymer solution viscosity, (5) polymer or blocking-agent bank size, and (6) relative costs for polymer versus blocking agent. Fourth, we experimentally established how much polymer flooding can reduce the residual oil saturation in an oil-wet core that is saturated with viscous North Slope crude. Finally, an experimental study compared mechanical degradation of an associative polymer with that of a partially hydrolyzed polyacrylamide. Detailed results from the first two years of the project may be found in our first and second annual reports. Our latest research results, along with detailed documentation of our past work, can be found on our web site at http://baervan.nmt.edu/randy/. As an overall summary of important findings for the project, polymer flooding has tremendous potential for enhanced recovery of viscous oil. Fear of substantial injectivity reduction was a primary hurdle that limited application of polymer flooding. However, that concern is largely mitigated by (1) use of horizontal wells and (2) judicious injection above the formation parting pressure. Field cases now exist where 200-300-cp polymer solutions are injected without significant reductions in injectivity. Concern about costs associated with injection of viscous polymer solutions was a second major hurdle. However, that concern is reduced substantially by realization that polymer viscosity increases approximately with the square of polymer concentration. Viscosity can be doubled with only a 40% increase in polymer concentration. Up to a readily definable point, increases in viscosity of the injected polymer solution are directly related to increases in sweep efficiency and oil recovery. Previously published simulation results - suggesting that shear-thinning polymer solutions were detrimental to sweep efficiency - were shown to be unfounded (both theoretically and experimentally).

Randall Seright

2011-09-30T23:59:59.000Z

311

Lattice polymers with two competing collapse interactions  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

There have been separate studies of the polymer collapse transition, where the collapse was induced by two different types of attraction. In each case, the configurations of the polymer were given by the same subset of random walks being self-avoiding trails on the square lattice. Numerical evidence shows that when interacting via nearest-neighbour contacts, this transition is different from the collapse transition in square-lattice trails interacting via multiply visited sites. While both transitions are second-order, when interacting via nearest-neighbour contacts, the transition is relatively weak with a convergent specific heat, while when interacting via multiply visited sites, the specific heat diverges strongly. Moreover, an estimation of the crossover exponent for the nearest-neighbour contact interaction provides a value close to that of the canonical polymer collapse model of interacting self-avoiding walks, which also interact via nearest-neighbour contacts. From computer simulations using the flatPERM algorithm, we extend these studies by considering a model of self-avoiding trails on the square lattice containing both types of interaction, and which therefore contains all three of the models discussed above as special cases. We find that the strong multiply-visited site collapse is a singular point in the phase diagram and corresponds to a higher order multi-critical point separating a line of weak second-order transitions from a line of first-order transitions.

Andrea Bedini; Aleksander L Owczarek; Thomas Prellberg

2013-11-05T23:59:59.000Z

312

Polymers replace glass in Nova fuel capsules  

SciTech Connect

The glass fuel-capsule designs used in previous laser-fusion research are not adaptable to the implosion-physics requirements of Nova and other more powerful laser facilities that may be available in the future. As one tries to learn more about the physics of high-density compression, it becomes increasingly important to replace the glass with lower-Z material. Accordingly, the authors have shut down the high-temperature drop-tower furnaces they used to make glass capsules, and they are focusing all their efforts on developing new techniques for making polymer capsules. These capsules are ten times larger in diameter than the glass capsules used in the early days of laser-fusion research, but they are still only one-tenth as large as a high-gain capsule must be. The polymer capsules will be used in classified indirect-drive targets. This article describes how the decisions were made on which polymers to use in the NOVA fuel capsules, the techniques explored, and the properties of the prototype capsules.

Burnham, A.K.

1986-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

313

Free Energy of Twisted Semiflexible Polymers  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We investigate the role of fluctuations in single molecule measurements of torque-link ($t-lk$) curves. For semiflexible polymers of finite persistence length (i.e. polymers with contour length $L$ comparable to the persistence length $L_P$), the torque versus link curve in the constant torque (isotorque) ensemble is distinct from the one in the constant link (isolink) ensemble. Thus, one encounters the conceptually interesting issue of a ``free energy of transition'' in switching ensembles while making torque-link measurements. We predict the dependence on the semiflexibility parameter $\\beta = L/L_P$ of this extra contribution to the free energy which shows up as an area in the torque-link plane. This can be tested against future torque-link experiments with single biopolymers. We bring out the inequivalence of torque-link curves for a stiff polymer and present explicit analytical expressions for the {\\it distinct} torque-link relations in the two ensembles and the free energy difference in switching ensembles in this context. The predictions of our work can be tested against single molecule experiments on torsionally constrained biopolymers.

Supurna Sinha

2008-05-16T23:59:59.000Z

314

Polymer flood of the Rapdan pool  

SciTech Connect

A polymer-flood project in the Rapdan field is documented from laboratory design and numerical simulation to production performance and projected economics. The Rapdan field produces 10-mPa{center_dot}s oil from the Upper Shaunavon sand at a reservoir temperature of 55 C. Average permeability is 0.114 {mu}m{sup 2}, average porosity is 18%, and Dykstra-Parsons coefficient is 0.8. The field was discovered in 1953, and waterflood began in 1962. In January 1986, a polymer pilot was initiated in a portion of the field with a PV of 456 {times} 10{sup 4} m{sup 3}. The pilot consists of 13 producers and 5 injectors drilled on 162 {times} 10{sup 3}-m{sup 2} spacing. By December 1994, 43% PV, of a 21-mPa{center_dot}s polymer solution had been injected into a confined, central five spot (Wells 12-12 and 12-12A). The oil cut increased from a stable value of 8% during the waterflood to a peak value of 25%. The corresponding daily oil production increased from 8 to 28 m{sup 3}/d at an oil cut of 36%. Production rate has declined from 140 m{sup 3}/d in 1991 to 106 m{sup 3}/d in December 1994, with a corresponding oil-cut decline from 25% to 20%.

Pitts, M.J.; Surkalo, H.; Wyatt, K. [Surtek Inc., Golden, CO (United States); Campbell, T.A. [Talisman Energy, Calgary, Alberta, CA (United States)

1995-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

315

"Smart" Multifunctional Polymers for Enhanced Oil Recovery  

SciTech Connect

Recent recommendations made by the Department of Energy, in conjunction with ongoing research at the University of Southern Mississippi, have signified a need for the development of 'smart' multi-functional polymers (SMFPs) for Enhanced Oil Recovery (EOR) processes. Herein we summarize research from the period of September 2003 through March 2007 focusing on both Type I and Type II SMFPs. We have demonstrated the synthesis and behavior of materials that can respond in situ to stimuli (ionic strength, pH, temperature, and shear stress). In particular, Type I SMFPs reversibly form micelles in water and have the potential to be utilized in applications that serve to lower interfacial tension at the oil/water interface, resulting in emulsification of oil. Type II SMFPs, which consist of high molecular weight polymers, have been synthesized and have prospective applications related to the modification of fluid viscosity during the recovery process. Through the utilization of these advanced 'smart' polymers, the ability to recover more of the original oil in place and a larger portion of that by-passed or deemed 'unrecoverable' by conventional chemical flooding should be possible.

Charles McCormick; Andrew Lowe

2007-03-20T23:59:59.000Z

316

New Breathalyzer Offers Hope of Pain-Free Diabetes Monitoring  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

8, 2013 8, 2013 New Breathalyzer Offers Hope of Pain-Free Diabetes Monitoring Diabetes Carbon nanotube armchair povray Researchers at the Department of Energy's National Energy Technology Laboratory (NETL) have teamed up with their Regional University Alliance (NETL-RUA) colleagues to develop a new hybrid nanostructure that could make it easier to monitor blood sugar. When used as a sensing tool in a breath analyzer, the new material could offer a way for millions of diabetics to avoid the pain and hassle of finger sticks. How will it work? By detecting acetone. Everyone produces a certain level of acetone through normal, daily metabolic processes. But diabetics produce it in larger amounts and also exhale it at a higher rate than non-diabetics, which is what produces the "fruity" aroma present when

317

Organic sponges for cost-effective CVOC abatement. Final report, September 1992--April 1994  

SciTech Connect

Air contaminated with CVOCs (chlorinated volatile organic compounds) arise from air stripping of ground water or from soil and dual phase vapor extraction. A research program was undertaken to develop sorbents better than activated carbon for remediation. Two such sorbents were found: Dow`s XUS polymer and Rohm and Haas` Ambersorb 563 (carbonaceous). Opportunities exist to further develop sorption and biodegradation technologies.

Flanagan, W.P.; Grade, M.M.; Horney, D.P.; Mackenzie, P.D.; Salvo, J.J.; Sivavec, T.M.; Stephens, M.L.

1994-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

318

EXPLORING THE POTENTIAL FORMATION OF ORGANIC SOLIDS IN CHONDRITES AND COMETS THROUGH POLYMERIZATION OF INTERSTELLAR FORMALDEHYDE  

SciTech Connect

Polymerization of interstellar formaldehyde, first through the formose reaction and then through subsequent condensation reactions, provides a plausible explanation for how abundant and highly chemically complex organic solids may have come to exist in primitive solar system objects. In order to gain better insight on the reaction, a systematic study of the relationship of synthesis temperature with resultant molecular structure was performed. In addition, the effect of the presence of ammonia on the reaction rate and molecular structure of the product was studied. The synthesized formaldehyde polymer is directly compared to chondritic insoluble organic matter (IOM) isolated from primitive meteorites using solid-state {sup 13}C nuclear magnetic resonance, Fourier transform infrared, and X-ray absorption near edge structure spectroscopy. The molecular structure of the formaldehyde polymer is shown to exhibit considerable similarity at the functional group level with primitive chondritic IOM. The addition of ammonia to the solution enhances the rate of polymerization reaction at lower temperatures and results in substantial incorporation of nitrogen into the polymer. Morphologically, the formaldehyde polymer exists as submicron to micron-sized spheroidal particles and spheroidal particle aggregates that bare considerable similarity to the organic nanoglobules commonly observed in chondritic IOM. These spectroscopic and morphological data support the hypothesis that IOM in chondrites and refractory organic carbon in comets may have formed through the polymerization of interstellar formaldehyde after planetesimal accretion, in the presence of liquid water, early in the history of the solar system.

Kebukawa, Yoko; Cody, George D. [Geophysical Laboratory, Carnegie Institution of Washington, 5251 Broad Branch Road NW, Washington, DC 20015 (United States)] [Geophysical Laboratory, Carnegie Institution of Washington, 5251 Broad Branch Road NW, Washington, DC 20015 (United States); David Kilcoyne, A. L., E-mail: ykebukawa@ciw.edu, E-mail: yoko@ep.sci.hokudai.ac.jp [Advanced Light Source, Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, Mail Stop 7R0222, 1 Cyclotron Road, Berkeley, CA 94720 (United States)

2013-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

319

Role of Polymer Segment?Particle Surface Interactions in Controlling Nanoparticle Dispersions in Concentrated Polymer Solutions  

SciTech Connect

The microstructure of particles suspended in concentrated polymer solutions is examined with small-angle X-ray scattering and small-angle neutron scattering. Of interest are changes to long wavelength particle density fluctuations in ternary mixtures of silica nanoparticles suspended in concentrated solutions of poly(ethylene glycol). The results are understood in terms of application of the pseudo-two-component polymer reference interaction site model (PRISM) theory modified to account for solvent addition via effective contact strength of interfacial attraction, {var_epsilon}{sub pc}, in an implicit manner. The combined experimental-theoretical study emphasizes the complex interactions between solvent, polymer, and particle surface that control particle miscibility but also demonstrate that these factors can all be understood in terms of variations of {var_epsilon}{sub pc}.

Kim, So Youn; Zukoski, Charles F. (UIUC)

2013-05-08T23:59:59.000Z

320

Performance and Characterization of Lithium-Ion Type Polymer Batteries  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Performance and Characterization of Lithium-Ion Type Polymer Batteries Performance and Characterization of Lithium-Ion Type Polymer Batteries Speaker(s): Myung D. Cho Date: January 18, 2002 - 12:00pm Location: Bldg. 90 Seminar Host/Point of Contact: Frank McLarnon A new process for the preparation of lithium-polymer batteries with crosslinked gel-polymer electrolyte will be introduced. The new process employs a thermal crosslinking method rather than cell lamination, and is termed "lithium ion type polymer battery (ITPB)". This thermal crosslinking process has many advantages over the standard lamination method, such as fusing the polymer into the electrodes and better adhesion between the electrolyte and electrodes. The new method results in improved high-temperature stability and a simpler process, as well as the improved

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "diabetes organic polymers" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


321

Supercomputers help unravel twists in next-generation smart polymers |  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Supercomputers help unravel twists in next-generation smart polymers Supercomputers help unravel twists in next-generation smart polymers November 20, 2013 Printer-friendly version Chemists have been looking at polymers and gels for decades to see how these large chains of molecules respond to external stimuli such as heat, pH, temperature, electric fields, light and chemical influences. The scientists seek ways to control the polymers' actions and behaviors for a wide range of applications: drug delivery, medical diagnostics, tissue engineering, electrophoresis and enhanced oil recovery. Certain smart polymers, for instance, rely on heat, water and timing to execute their missions in controlled drug delivery systems. The key to employing a polymer is controlling its lower critical solution temperature (LCST). When reached, the LCST triggers a dramatic

322

Conservation of Severely Damaged Paper Using Passivation Polymers  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This work examined the use of passivation polymers in the conservation of severely damaged paper. It specifically investigated the use of this functional polymer treatment to address the issues of damage to paper caused by waterlogging, mold, and internal acidity. Several experiments were designed and conducted to examine the effects of the polymers in the conservation of papers compromised by these conditions. Paper artifacts from the Bonfire Memorabilia Collection were selected and conserved using treatment protocols that included the use of the passivation polymers. The conservation of some of the damaged papers from this culturally important site demonstrated the effectiveness of the polymer treatment in real-world conservation situations. This dissertation established that the use of passivation polymers adds strength and stability to severely damaged paper.

Eilert, Eloise

2011-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

323

Topological interactions between ring polymers: Implications for chromatin loops  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Chromatin looping is a major epigenetic regulatory mechanism in higher eukaryotes. Besides its role in transcriptional regulation, chromatin loops have been proposed to play a pivotal role in the segregation of entire chromosomes. The detailed topological and entropic forces between loops still remain elusive. Here, we quantitatively determine the potential of mean force between the centers of mass of two ring polymers, i.e. loops. We find that the transition from a linear to a ring polymer induces a strong increase in the entropic repulsion between these two polymers. On top, topological interactions such as the non-catenation constraint further reduce the number of accessible conformations of close-by ring polymers by about 50%, resulting in an additional effective repulsion. Furthermore, the transition from linear to ring polymers displays changes in the conformational and structural properties of the system. In fact, ring polymers adopt a markedly more ordered and aligned state than linear ones. The force...

Bohn, Manfred

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

324

Polymers containing borane or carborane cage compounds and related applications  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Polymers comprising residues of cage compound monomers having at least one polyalkoxy silyl substituent are provided. The cage compound monomers are selected from borane cage compound monomers comprising at least 7 cage atoms and/or carborane cage compound monomers comprising 7 to 11 cage compound monomers. Such polymers can further comprise one or more reactive matrices and/or co-monomers covalently bound with the cage compound monomer residues. Articles of manufacture comprising such polymers are also disclosed.

Bowen, III, Daniel E; Eastwood, Eric A

2013-04-23T23:59:59.000Z

325

Electric Field Modeling of Polymer Insulators in Substations  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The use of transmission line suspension class polymer insulators is increasing for a wide range of reasons including lower cost, availability, their lightweight nature, and contamination performance. The expected use of these polymer insulators is on transmission lines; thus this is the application for which manufacturers design and test the recommended corona rings. Numerous suspension polymer insulators are being applied in substations in configurations which have different geometries to the transmissi...

2005-11-23T23:59:59.000Z

326

Storing, Transporting, and Installing Polymer Insulators: A Practical Guide  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Since the first use of polymer insulators, great strides have been made in understanding insulator design and application. Polymer insulatorsalso called composite or non-ceramic insulators (NCI)offer some distinct advantages compared to ceramic insulators, including the fact that they are lightweight, not easily vandalized, and resistant to contamination. However, the greatest concern still remains the question of life expectancy. During service life, polymer insulators insulate the line conductor from t...

2007-10-30T23:59:59.000Z

327

Unraveling the Role of Morphology on Organic Solar Cell Performance  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Polymer based organic photovoltaic (OPV) technology offers a relatively inexpensive option for solar energy conversion provided its efficiency increases beyond the current level (6-7%) along with significant improvements in operational lifetime. The critical aspect of such solar cells is the complex morphology of distributed bulk heterojunctions, which plays the central role in the conversion of photo-generated excitons to electron-hole pairs. However, the fabrication conditions that can produce the optimal morphology are still unknown due to the lack of quantitative understanding of the effects of process variables on the cell morphology. In this article, we develop a unique process-device co-simulation framework based on phase-field model for phase separation coupled with self-consistent drift-diffusion transport to quantitatively explore the effects of the process conditions (e.g., annealing temperature, mixing ratio, anneal duration) on the organic solar cell performance. Our results explain experimentally observed trends of open circuit voltage and short circuit current that would otherwise be deemed anomalous from the perspective of conventional solar cells. In addition to providing an optimization framework for OPV technology, our morphology-aware modeling approach is ideally suited for a wide class of problems involving porous materials, block co-polymers, polymer colloids, OLED devices etc.

Biswajit Ray; Pradeep R. Nair; Muhammad A. Alam

2010-11-03T23:59:59.000Z

328

DEVELOPMENT OF HYBRID NANOCRYSTAL/CONDUCTING POLYMER OPTOELECTRONIC DEVICES.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Novel hybrid inorganic nanocrystal/conducting polymer optoelectronic devices have gained extensive interest due to the benefits of ease of processing, low cost, substrate flexibility, large area… (more)

Zhu, Ting

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

329

PH/sub 3/ treatment for polymer stabilization  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Polymers are stabilized against oxidative degradation by treatment with phosphine gas. The treatment can be used in situ on polymeric components already in use.

Not Available

1982-07-20T23:59:59.000Z

330

Polymer Electrolyte Fuel Cell Lifetime Limitations: The Role...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

of polymer electrolyte membrane fuel cell (PEMFC) performance, Establish dominant catalyst and cathode degradation * mechanisms for Pt, Pt-Co alloys, and Pt 3 Sc, Identify key...

331

Skin-Like Prosthetic Polymer Surfaces - Energy Innovation Portal  

ORNL scientists combined superhydrophobic polymer inventions with carbon nanotubes to create a self-cleaning skin-like surface material with the ...

332

Lifetime Evaluation of Elastomeric Polymers for Storage of Nuclear ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Presentation Title, Lifetime Evaluation of Elastomeric Polymers for Storage of Nuclear Materials. Author(s), Elizabeth Hoffman, Eric Skidmore. On-Site Speaker  ...

333

Neutron Scattering for Polymer R&D in the Petrochemical ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... Page 4. NCNR Summer School May 13, 2010 Crude Oil to Polymer Product Crude Oil Refinery Steam Cracker Naptha Cracker FCC Plastics plant ...

2010-05-07T23:59:59.000Z

334

Conductive Polymer/Fullerene Blend Thin Films with Honeycomb Framework  

This composite conductive polymer/fullerene blend material can be fabricated to exhibit regular, micrometer-sized pores. The pores allow the material ...

335

Continuous process to produce lithium-polymer batteries  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Solid polymer electrolytes are extruded with active electrode material in a continuous, one-step process to form composite electrolyte-electrodes ready for assembly into battery cells. The composite electrolyte electrode sheets are extruded onto current collectors to form electrodes. The composite electrodes, as extruded, are electronically and ionically conductive. The composite electrodes can be over coated with a solid polymer electrolyte, which acts as a separator upon battery assembly. The interface between the solid polymer electrolyte composite electrodes and the solid polymer electrolyte separator has low resistance. 1 fig.

Chern, T.S.H.; Keller, D.G.; MacFadden, K.O.

1998-05-12T23:59:59.000Z

336

Behavior of Corrosion Prevention in Self-Healing Polymer Coatings  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

However, once the polymer coating has been breached, for example due to cracking ... Hysteretic Behavior of Concrete Cylinders Confined by Active Confining ...

337

More Efficient Polymer Solar Cells by Doping with Ferroelectric ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Presentation Title, More Efficient Polymer Solar Cells by Doping with ... Mixture for Predicting the Ideal Solubility of Thermally Stable and Unstable Compounds.

338

Solution Processing of Polymer Nanotube Thermal Interface Materials  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Ideal TIMs should exhibit high thermal conductivity and maintain mechanical ... bulk polymers exhibit phonon scattering and are poor conductors of thermal ...

339

Mineralization of Synthetic Polymer Scaffolds: A Bottom-Up ...  

Mineralization of Synthetic Polymer Scaffolds: A Bottom-Up Approach for the Development of Artificial Bone Jie Song,*,†,‡ Viengkham Malathong,† and Carolyn R ...

340

Polymers in solar technologies: an R and D strategy  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The use of polymers can increase the cost-effectiveness of solar technologies. The potential impact of polymers may be enhanced earlier if R and D is carried out according to a plan. The purpose of this plan is to present a five-year program consisting of 20 tasks categorized into six major problem areas: response to combined stresses; photochemistry; permeability/adhesion; surface properties; mechanical properties; and development of polymers. A budget required for each task is estimated and summarized for each problem area. It is shown that the potential future impact of polymers on the economics of solar technologies justifies the proposed expenditures.

Carroll, W.F.; Schissel, P.

1980-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "diabetes organic polymers" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


341

Nano-structured polymer composites and process for ...  

A process for preparing a polymer composite that includes reacting (a) a multi-functional monomer and (b) a block copolymer comprising (i) a first ...

342

2007 Status of Manufacturing: Polymer Electrolyte Membrane (PEM) Fuel Cells  

SciTech Connect

In this document we assess the North American industry's current ability to manufacture polymer electrolyte membrane (PEM) fuel cells.

Wheeler, D.; Sverdrup, G.

2008-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

343

Hybrid Polymer-nanocrystal Multilayered Architectures for High ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... within a near-infreared polymer-based light emitting diode (LED) architecture. Due to the superior carrier-transport properties, this new architecture yields high

344

Continuous process to produce lithium-polymer batteries  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Solid polymer electrolytes are extruded with active electrode material in a continuous, one-step process to form composite electrolyte-electrodes ready for assembly into battery cells. The composite electrolyte-electrode sheets are extruded onto current collectors to form electrodes. The composite electrodes, as extruded, are electronically and ionically conductive. The composite electrodes can be overcoated with a solid polymer electrolyte, which acts as a separator upon battery assembly. The interface between the solid polymer electrolyte composite electrodes and the solid polymer electrolyte separator has low resistance.

Chern, Terry Song-Hsing (Midlothian, VA); Keller, David Gerard (Baltimore, MD); MacFadden, Kenneth Orville (Highland, MD)

1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

345

Stable Polymer Nanotubes May Have a Biotech Future  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... one at a time.Carbon nanotubes are of ... the shelf life of polymer nanotubes— considered essential ... and forming sturdy nanotube network structures. ...

2013-08-07T23:59:59.000Z

346

THE SYNTHESIS OF LUBRICANT ADDITIVES FROM WASTE COMMODITY POLYMERS.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Polymers are produced on an enormous scale globally and the majority of plastic waste is either incinerated - generating toxic substances - or placed in… (more)

HUNT, GREGORY,JAMES

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

347

Planning and implementing a large-scale polymer flood  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The motive for the Eliasville polymerflood originated while planning a waterflood in this light oil, limestone reservoir. Adverse reservoir waterflood characteristics were identified prior to unitization and laboratory work was undertaken to demonstrate the benefits of reducing water mobility by increasing water vicosity with several different polyacrylamides. Computer simulations incorporating polymer properties from laboratory work and known Caddo waterflood performance were used to design the polymerflood. Three injection tests were conducted to determine polymer injectivity. Pressure transient tests were used to measure the in-situ polymer viscosity. One of the injection tests included an off-pattern producing well which permitted an estimation of polymer retention and incremental oil recovery in a short time. Based on the injection tests and simulation work a large scale polymer project was implemented. The optimum slug size required 30,000,000 lb of emulsion polymer. Facilities used to mix and feed this large amount of polymer are described. A low-shear polymer flow control method was developed to insure maximum fluid viscosity at the formation perforations. Product specifications were verified prior to accepting delivery and injection fluid quality was monitored in laboratories constructed for the project. Early production response to field wide polymer injection is comparable to that observed at the off-pattern producing well during the injection test. While the early field response is encouraging, the effects of salt water injection on slug integrity and increased pattern size on oil recovery are still to be determined.

Weiss, W.W.; Baldwin, R.W.

1984-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

348

Metal and Polymer Matrix Composites - Programmaster.org  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A large variety of polymer and metal matrix composites have an overlapping ... of Metal Matrix Composites via Spark Plasma Sintering for Nuclear Energy ...

349

Diffusion coefficients in trimethyleneoxide containing comb branch polymer  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Diffusion coefficients in trimethyleneoxide containing comb branch polymer Diffusion coefficients in trimethyleneoxide containing comb branch polymer electrolytes Title Diffusion coefficients in trimethyleneoxide containing comb branch polymer electrolytes Publication Type Journal Article Year of Publication 2004 Authors Liu, Gao, Craig L. Reeder, Xiaoguang Sun, and John B. Kerr Journal Solid State Ionics Volume 175 Pagination 781-783 Keywords comb branch polyethers, conductivity, lithium battery, polymer electrolytes, salt diffusion coefficient, trimethylene oxide Abstract This paper reports on a new comb branch polymer based on trimethylene oxide (TMO) side chains as a polymer electrolyte for potential application in lithium metal rechargeable batteries. The trimethylene oxide (TMO) units are attached to the side chains of a polyepoxide ether to maximize the segmental motion. Lithium bis(trifluoromethylsulfonyl)imide (LiTFSI) salt was used to formulate the polymer electrolyte with the new TMO containing polymers. The new polymer electrolytes show improved salt diffusion coefficients (Ds) and conductivity at ambient and subambient temperature compare to the ethylene oxide (EO) counterpart, whereas performance at high temperature (85 °C) remains the same or is actually worse for salt diffusivity.

350

Crosslinked crystalline polymer and methods for cooling and heating  

SciTech Connect

The invention relates to crystalline polyethylene pieces having optimum crosslinking for use in storage and recovery of heat, and it further relates to methods for storage and recovery of heat using crystalline polymer pieces having optimum crosslinking for these uses. Crystalline polymer pieces are described which retain at least 70% of the heat of fusion of the uncrosslinked crystalline polymer and yet are sufficiently crosslinked for the pieces not to stick together upon being cycled above and below the melting point of said polymer, preferably at least 80% of the heat of fusion with no substantial sticking together.

Salyer, Ival O. (Dayton, OH); Botham, Ruth A. (Dayton, OH); Ball, III, George L. (West Carrollton, OH)

1980-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

351

Organic photovoltaics and concentrators  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The separation of light harvesting and charge generation offers several advantages in the design of organic photovoltaics and organic solar concentrators for the ultimate end goal of achieving a lower cost solar electric ...

Mapel, Jonathan King

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

352

C-PAD 2.0 - Cable Polymer Aging Database, Version 2.0  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The Cable Polymer Aging Database provides polymer mechanical and chemical property data related to time at stress for key polymers used in electrical cable jackets and insulations for use in aging models and development of condition monitoring.

2005-12-22T23:59:59.000Z

353

Diverse spreading behavior of binary polymer nanodroplets.  

SciTech Connect

Molecular dynamics simulations are used to study the spreading of binary polymer nanodroplets in a cylindrical geometry. The polymers, described by the bead-spring model, spread on a flat surface with a surface-coupled Langevin thermostat to mimic the effects of a corrugated surface. Each droplet consists of chains of length 10 or 100 monomers with {approx}350,000 monomers total. The qualitative features of the spreading dynamics are presented for differences in chain length, surface interaction strength, and composition. When the components of the droplet differ only in the surface interaction strength, the more strongly wetting component forms a monolayer film on the surface even when both materials are above or below the wetting transition. In the case where the only difference is the polymer chain length, the monolayer film beneath the droplet is composed of an equal amount of short chain and long chain monomers even when one component (the shorter chain length) is above the wetting transition and the other is not. The fraction of short and long chains in the precursor foot depends on whether both the short and the long chains are in the wetting regime. Diluting the concentration of the strongly wetting component in a mixture with a weakly wetting component decreases the rate of diffusion of the wetting material from the bulk to the surface and limits the spreading rate of the precursor foot, but the bulk spreading rate actually increases when both components are present. This may be due to the strongly wetting material pushing out the weakly wetting material as it moves toward the precursor foot.

Webb, Edmund Blackburn, III; Grest, Gary Stephen; Heine, David R.

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

354

Studies of phase separable soluble polymers  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The technique of phase labeling has the ability to greatly enhance synthetic protocol by simplifying purification and increasing efficiency. Traditional insoluble supports offer efficient and simple recovery of the Â?phase taggedÂ? material but suffer from problems inherent to their heterogeneous nature. A solution to these problems has been to utilize phase separable soluble polymers in the design of Â?smartÂ? responsive systems that offer the option of homogenous reaction conditions with heterogeneous separation conditions. The subject of this dissertation focuses on the application of soluble polymeric phase tags in systems where the miscibility between solid-liquid and liquid-liquid systems is thermally induced. Low molecular weight poly(ethylene glycol) (PEG) oligomers were investigated as phase anchors for SCS palladacycle catalysts. The oligomeric PEG chains were sufficient to engender polar phase solubility in a heptane-DMA thermomorphic system. Microwave irradiation of these thermomorphic mixtures of palladium complexes and substrates was a viable scheme to recycle and significantly shorten reaction times for simple Heck reactions of aryl iodides. Soluble polymeric supports possessing a lower critical solution temperature (LCST) were utilized in the sequestration of the S-triazine herbicide, atrazine, from contaminated water samples. The ability of poly(N-isopropylacrylamide) to sequester hydrophobic guests like atrazine was examined. A functionalized PNIPAM derivative containing secondary cyclic amines exhibited superior sequestration ability that was credited to the covalent binding of the atrazine. In order to facilitate the design of tailored, thermally responsive, smart polymers, a high throughput temperature gradient microfluidic device was used to obtain LCST data in a fast, accurate manner. The specific ion effects of various alkali metal halide salts on the LCST of PNIPAM were investigated. The high precision in the measurements enabled more subtle effects such as changes in solvent isotope, polymer microstructure, molecular weight, and importance of end group effects on the LCST of poly(N-alkylacrylamide)s to be evaluated.

Furyk, Steven Michael

2003-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

355

Retention behavior of dilute polymers in oil sands  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Adequate mobility control between fluid banks is a pertinent factor in the successful application of secondary and tertiary oil recovery processes. Favorable mobilities can be obtained by increasing the viscosity or reducing the permeability to the displacing fluid phase. Polyacrylamide and oio-polymers have proved to be useful for these purposes. These polymers increase the water viscosity substantially at low concentrations. The resulting reduced mobility of the displacing phase suppresses the fingering phenomenon and improves piston-like displacement. However, the structural complexity of these polymers coupled with the complexity of the flow channels in the porous medium cause part of these polymers to be retained in the reservoir as the displacing fluid from advances, thereby causing a reduction in the concentration of the polymer solution and consequently a loss of mobility control. In addition to the mechanical filtering, adsorption on the grain surfaces reduce the polymer concentration in the displacing fluid. Behavior of polyacrylamide polymers has been studied extensively. Susceptibility of these polymers to salinity, pH, shear, temperature, etc., is well documented. Mechanical entrapment, retention, degradation and adsorption behavior on porous media, including fired Berea sandstone, bead packs and Ottawa sand have been reported. The present study investigates the adsorption and trapping of polymers in flow experiments through unconsolidated oil field sands. Effects of particle size and mineral content have been studied. Effect of a surfactant slug on polymer-rock interaction is also reported. Corroborative studies have been conducted to study the pressure behavior and high tertiary oil recovery in surfactant dilute-polymer systems.

Kikani, J.; Somerton, W.H.

1988-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

356

Lead Sulphide Nanocrystal: Conducting Polymer Solar Cells  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In this paper we report photovoltaic devices fabricated from PbS nanocrystals and the conducting polymer poly MEH-PPV. This composite material was produced via a new single-pot synthesis which solves many of the issues associated with existing methods. Our devices have white light power conversion efficiencies under AM1.5 illumination of 0.7% and single wavelength conversion efficiencies of 1.1%. Additionally, they exhibit remarkably good ideality factors (n=1.15). Our measurements show that these composites have significant potential as soft optoelectronic materials.

Andrew A. R. Watt; David Blake; Jamie H. Warner; Elizabeth A. Thomsen; Eric L. Tavenner; Halina Rubinsztein-Dunlop; Paul Meredith

2004-08-02T23:59:59.000Z

357

Organization | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Organization Organization Organization Office of Indian Energy Organizational Structure As a program office at DOE responsible for implementing energy programs, the Office of Indian Energy is structurally organized under the Office of the Under Secretary. This programmatic structure also focuses and facilitates the coordination between the Office of Indian Energy and the other companion program offices such as the Office of Fossil Energy, Office of Electricity and Energy Reliability and Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy. The Office of Indian Energy is organized around its major statutory functions, namely, policy and programs: Indian Energy Policy. The Office of Indian Energy coordinates participation in the development, refinement, training, and advice

358

Available Technologies: Biological Production of Polymer Monomers  

Jay Keasling and Leonard Katz of the Joint BioEnergy Institute (JBEI) have invented polyketide synthases that can be introduced into a host organism for the ...

359

NANOPHOSPHOR COMPOSITE SCINTILLATORS COMPRISING A POLYMER MATRIX ...  

An improved nanophosphor composite comprises surface modified nanophosphor particles in a solid matrix. The nanophosphor particle surface is modified with an organic ...

360

Electropositive bivalent metallic ion unsaturated polyester complexed polymer concrete  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Quick setting polymer concrete compositions which are mixtures of unsaturated polyesters and crosslinking monomers together with appropriate initiators and promoters in association with aggregate which may be wet and a source of bivalent metallic ions which will set to polymer concrete with excellent structural properties.

Sugama, T.; Kukacka, L.E.; Horn, W.H.

1981-11-04T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "diabetes organic polymers" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


361

Universal features of polymer shapes in crowded environment  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We study the universal characteristics of the shape of a polymer chain in an environment with correlated structural obstacles, applying the field-theoretical renormalization group approach. Our results qualitatively indicate an increase of the asymmetry of the polymer shape in crowded environment comparing with the pure solution case.

Viktoria Blavatska; Christian von Ferber; Yurij Holovatch

2010-03-09T23:59:59.000Z

362

Electropositive bivalent metallic ion unsaturated polyester complexed polymer concrete  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Quick setting polymer concrete compositions with excellent structural properties are disclosed; these polymer concrete compositions are mixtures of unsaturated polyesters and crosslinking monomers together with appropriate initiators and promoters in association with aggregate, which may be wet, and with a source of bivalent metallic ions.

Sugama, Toshifumi (Mastic Beach, NY); Kukacka, Lawrence E. (Port Jefferson, NY); Horn, William H. (Brookhaven, NY)

1985-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

363

Method for synthesizing peptides with saccharide linked enzyme polymer conjugates  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A method is disclosed for synthesizing peptides using water soluble enzyme polymer conjugates. The method comprises catalyzing the peptide synthesis with enzyme which has been covalently bonded to a polymer through at least three linkers which linkers have three or more hydroxyl groups. The enzyme is conjugated at lysines or arginines.

Callstrom, Matthew R. (Columbus, OH); Bednarski, Mark D. (Berkeley, CA); Gruber, Patrick R. (St. Paul, MN)

1997-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

364

Enzyme linked immunoassay with stabilized polymer saccharide enzyme conjugates  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

An improvement in enzyme linked immunoassays is disclosed wherein the enzyme is in the form of a water soluble polymer saccharide conjugate which is stable in hostile environments. The conjugate comprises the enzyme which is linked to the polymer at multiple points through saccharide linker groups.

Callstrom, Matthew R. (Columbus, OH); Bednarski, Mark D. (Berkeley, CA); Gruber, Patrick R. (St. Paul, MN)

1997-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

365

Heats of Formation of Energetic Oxetane Monomers and Polymers  

SciTech Connect

Energetic oxetane polymers have shown promise as performance-enhancing ingredients in gun and missile propellants. In order to correctly predict the performance of energetic materials containing these polymers, it is important to have accurate, experimentally determined values for the polymer heats of formation ({Delta}H{sub f}). In support of a theoretical study on gun propellant performance, heats of combustion were experimentally determined for a series of oxetane polymers and monomers (see below) using combustion calorimetry, and from these, {Delta}H{sub f} values were calculated. Polymers included BAMO/AMMO, BAMO/NMMO (polyol and TPE), and BNMO/NMMO mixtures. In order to calculate the {Delta}H{sub f} of the polymers from heat of combustion data, a number of assumptions were made regarding the polymer structure and molecular weight. A comparison of the {Delta}H{sub f} values for the monomers and polymers were made, and these values were compared to heats of formation measured elsewhere.

Schmidt, R D; Manser, G E

2001-03-21T23:59:59.000Z

366

Electropositive bivalent metallic ion unsaturated polyester complexed polymer concrete  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Quick setting polymer concrete compositions are described which are mixtures of unsaturated polyesters and crosslinking monomers together with appropriate initiators and promoters in association with aggregate which may be wet and a source of bivalent metallic ions which will set to polymer concrete with excellent structural properties.

Sugama, T.; Kukacka, L.E.; Horn, W.H.

1983-05-13T23:59:59.000Z

367

Polymer-assisted hydrothermal synthesis of hierarchically arranged hydroxyapatite nanoceramic  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Flower-like hydroxyapatite (HA) nanostructures were synthesized by a polymer-assisted hydrothermal method. The thickness of the petals/plates decreased from 200 nm to 40 nm as the polymer concentration increased. The thickness also decreased as the hydrothermal ...

A. Joseph Nathanael, Sung Soo Han, Tae Hwan Oh

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

368

Process for removing polymer-forming impurities from naphtha fraction  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Polymer precursor materials are vaporized without polymerization or are removed from a raw naphtha fraction by passing the raw naphtha to a vaporization zone and vaporizing the naphtha in the presence of a wash oil while stripping with hot hydrogen to prevent polymer deposits in the equipment. 2 figs.

Kowalczyk, D.C.; Bricklemyer, B.A.; Svoboda, J.J.

1983-12-27T23:59:59.000Z

369

Photovoltaic cells made from conjugated polymers infiltrated into mesoporous titania  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Photovoltaic cells made from conjugated polymers infiltrated into mesoporous titania Kevin M photovoltaic cells by infiltrating the conjugated polymer regioregular poly 3-hexylthiophene into films for electrons to travel to an electrode after electron transfer has occurred. The photovoltaic cells have

McGehee, Michael

370

Process for removing polymer-forming impurities from naphtha fraction  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Polymer precursor materials are vaporized without polymerization or are removed from a raw naphtha fraction by passing the raw naphtha to a vaporization zone (24) and vaporizing the naphtha in the presence of a wash oil while stripping with hot hydrogen to prevent polymer deposits in the equipment.

Kowalczyk, Dennis C. (Pittsburgh, PA); Bricklemyer, Bruce A. (Avonmore, PA); Svoboda, Joseph J. (Pittsburgh, PA)

1983-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

371

Norbornylene-based polymer systems for dielectric applications  

SciTech Connect

A capacitor having at least one electrode pair being separated by a dielectric component, with the dielectric component being made of a polymer such as a norbornylene-containing polymer with a dielectric constant greater than 3 and a dissipation factor less than 0.1 where the capacitor has an operating temperature greater than 100.degree. C. and less than 170.degree. C.

Dirk, Shawn M. (Albuquerque, NM); Wheeler, David R. (Albuquerque, NM)

2012-07-17T23:59:59.000Z

372

A thermodynamic framework for the study of crystallization in polymers  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this paper, we present a new thermodynamic framework within the context of continuum mechanics, to predict the behavior of crystallizing polymers. The constitutive models that are developed within this thermodynamic setting are able to describe the ... Keywords: crystallization, entropy production, material symmetry, natural configurations, semi-crystalline polymers

I. J. Rao; K. R. Rajagopal

2002-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

373

Method for synthesizing peptides with saccharide linked enzyme polymer conjugates  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A method is disclosed for synthesizing peptides using water soluble enzyme polymer conjugates. The method comprises catalyzing the peptide synthesis with enzyme which has been covalently bonded to a polymer through at least three linkers which linkers have three or more hydroxyl groups. The enzyme is conjugated at lysines or arginines. 19 figs.

Callstrom, M.R.; Bednarski, M.D.; Gruber, P.R.

1997-06-17T23:59:59.000Z

374

Enzyme linked immunoassay with stabilized polymer saccharide enzyme conjugates  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

An improvement in enzyme linked immunoassays is disclosed wherein the enzyme is in the form of a water soluble polymer saccharide conjugate which is stable in hostile environments. The conjugate comprises the enzyme which is linked to the polymer at multiple points through saccharide linker groups. 19 figs.

Callstrom, M.R.; Bednarski, M.D.; Gruber, P.R.

1997-11-25T23:59:59.000Z

375

Work function control of hole-selective polymer/ITO anode contacts: an electrochemical doping study  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We present a novel method for electrodeposition of ultra-thin films of poly-3-hexylthiophene (e-P3HT) on chemically modified indium-tin oxide (ITO) electrodes, to produce a hole-selective contact with an easily tuned work function (?), as demonstrated by a combination of spectroelectrochemistry and ultraviolet photoemission spectroscopy (UPS). Selective contacts for optimized charge injection have become essential components for both thin film organic light emitting diodes (OLEDs) and organic photovoltaics (OPVs). Electrochemically doped e-P3HT thin films, using counter ions such as PF{sub 6}{sup ?} do not suffer from stability issues associated with more “acidic” polymer layers (e.g. PEDOT:PSS). By controlling the oxidation state of the e-P3HT film via electrochemical doping we control the charge density within the film, resulting in an increase in work function with an increase in degree of oxidation. The method of electrochemical formation and doping of the e-P3HT film, using either constant potential step (CA) versus pulsed-potential step (PPS) protocols, has a significant secondary impact on the work function, as a result of the interface dipole effects from entrapment of these counter ions in the near-surface region of the polymer film. These results have significance for the performance of both OLEDs and OPVs built on these doped e-P3HT layers.

Ratcliff, Erin L.; Lee, Paul A.; Armstrong, Neal R.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

376

RIR-MAPLE deposition of conjugated polymers and hybrid nanocomposites for application to optoelectronic devices  

SciTech Connect

Resonant infrared matrix-assisted pulsed laser evaporation (RIR-MAPLE) is a variation of pulsed laser deposition that is useful for organic-based thin films because it reduces material degradation by selective absorption of infrared radiation in the host matrix. A unique emulsion-based RIR-MAPLE approach has been developed that reduces substrate exposure to solvents and provides controlled and repeatable organic thin film deposition. In order to establish emulsion-based RIR-MAPLE as a preferred deposition technique for conjugated polymer or hybrid nanocomposite optoelectronic devices, studies have been conducted to demonstrate the value added by the approach in comparison to traditional solution-based deposition techniques, and this work will be reviewed. The control of hybrid nanocomposite thin film deposition, and the photoconductivity in such materials deposited using emulsion-based RIR-MAPLE, will also be reviewed. The overall result of these studies is the demonstration of emulsion-based RIR-MAPLE as a viable option for the fabrication of conjugated polymer and hybrid nanocomposite optoelectronic devices that could yield improved device performance.

Stiff-Roberts, Adrienne D.; Pate, Ryan; McCormick, Ryan; Lantz, Kevin R. [Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, Duke University Box 90291, Durham, NC 27708-0291, 919-660-5560 (United States)

2012-07-30T23:59:59.000Z

377

Polymer blends for use in photoelectrochemical cells for conversion of solar energy to electricity and methods for manufacturing such blends  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

There is disclosed a polymer blend of a highly conductive polymer and a solid polymer electrolyte that is designed to achieve better charge transfer across the conductive film/polymer electrolyte interface of the electrochemical photovoltaic cell. The highly conductive polymer is preferably polypyrrole or poly-N-p-nitrophenylpyrrole and the solid polymer electrolyte is preferably polyethylene oxide or polypropylene oxide.

Skotheim, Terje (East Patchogue, NY)

1984-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

378

Shape Memory Polymer Therapeutic Devices for Stroke  

SciTech Connect

Shape memory polymers (SMPs) are attracting a great deal of interest in the scientific community for their use in applications ranging from light weight structures in space to micro-actuators in MEMS devices. These relatively new materials can be formed into a primary shape, reformed into a stable secondary shape, and then controllably actuated to recover their primary shape. The first part of this presentation will be a brief review of the types of polymeric structures which give rise to shape memory behavior in the context of new shape memory polymers with highly regular network structures recently developed at LLNL for biomedical devices. These new urethane SMPs have improved optical and physical properties relative to commercial SMPs, including improved clarity, high actuation force, and sharper actuation transition. In the second part of the presentation we discuss the development of SMP based devices for mechanically removing neurovascular occlusions which result in ischemic stroke. These devices are delivered to the site of the occlusion in compressed form, are pushed through the occlusion, actuated (usually optically) to take on an expanded conformation, and then used to dislodge and grip the thrombus while it is withdrawn through the catheter.

Wilson, T S; Small IV, W; Benett, W J; Bearinger, J P; Maitland, D J

2005-10-11T23:59:59.000Z

379

Solid-polymer-electrolyte fuel cells  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

A transport model for polymer electrolytes is presented, based on concentrated solution theory and irreversible thermodynamics. Thermodynamic driving forces are developed, transport properties are identified and experiments devised. Transport number of water in Nafion 117 membrane is determined using a concentration cell. It is 1.4 for a membrane equilibrated with saturated water vapor at 25{degrees}C, decreases slowly as the membrane is dehydrated, and falls sharply toward zero as the water content approaches zero. The relation between transference number, transport number, and electroosmotic drag coefficient is presented, and their relevance to water-management is discussed. A mathematical model of transport in a solid-polymer-electrolyte fuel cell is presented. A two-dimensional membrane-electrode assembly is considered. Water management, thermal management, and utilization of fuel are examined in detail. The membrane separators of these fuel cells require sorbed water to maintain conductivity; therefore it is necessary to manage the water content in membranes to ensure efficient operation. Water and thermal management are interrelated. Rate of heat removal is shown to be a critical parameter in the operation of these fuel cells. Current-voltage curves are presented for operation on air and reformed methanol. Equations for convective diffusion to a rotating disk are solved numerically for a consolute point between the bulk concentration and the surface. A singular-perturbation expansion is presented for the condition where the bulk concentration is nearly equal to the consolute-point composition. Results are compared to Levich's solution and analysis.

Fuller, T.F.

1992-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

380

Solid polymer MEMS-based fuel cells  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A micro-electro-mechanical systems (MEMS) based thin-film fuel cells for electrical power applications. The MEMS-based fuel cell may be of a solid oxide type (SOFC), a solid polymer type (SPFC), or a proton exchange membrane type (PEMFC), and each fuel cell basically consists of an anode and a cathode separated by an electrolyte layer. The electrolyte layer can consist of either a solid oxide or solid polymer material, or proton exchange membrane electrolyte materials may be used. Additionally catalyst layers can also separate the electrodes (cathode and anode) from the electrolyte. Gas manifolds are utilized to transport the fuel and oxidant to each cell and provide a path for exhaust gases. The electrical current generated from each cell is drawn away with an interconnect and support structure integrated with the gas manifold. The fuel cells utilize integrated resistive heaters for efficient heating of the materials. By combining MEMS technology with thin-film deposition technology, thin-film fuel cells having microflow channels and full-integrated circuitry can be produced that will lower the operating temperature an will yield an order of magnitude greater power density than the currently known fuel cells.

Jankowski, Alan F. (Livermore, CA); Morse, Jeffrey D. (Pleasant Hill, CA)

2008-04-22T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "diabetes organic polymers" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


381

Polymer selection and cell design for electric-vehicle supercapacitors  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Supercapacitors are devices for applications requiring high operating power levels, such as secondary power sources in electric vehicles (EVs) to provide peak power for acceleration and hill climbing. While electronically conducting polymers yield different redox supercapacitor configurations, devices with the n-doped polymer as the negative electrode and the p-doped polymer as the positive one are the most promising for EV applications. Indeed, this type of supercapacitor has a high operating potential, is able to deliver all the doping charge and, when charged, has both electrodes in the conducting (p- and n-doped) states. This study reports selection criteria for polymer materials and cell design for high performance EV supercapacitors and experimental results of selected polymer materials.

Mastragostino, M.; Arbizzani, C.; Paraventi, R.; Zanelli, A.

2000-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

382

Biodegradability Evaluation of Polymers by ISO 14855-2  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Abstract: Biodegradabilities of polymers and their composites in a controlled compost were described. Polycaprolactone (PCL) and poly(lactic acid) (PLA) were employed as biodegradable polymers. Biodegradabilities of PCL and PLA samples in a controlled compost were measured using a Microbial Oxidative Degradation Analyzer (MODA) according to ISO 14855-2. Sample preparation method for biodegradation test according to ISO/DIS 10210 was also described. Effects of sizes and shapes of samples on biodegradability were studied. Reproducibility of biodegradation test of ISO 14855-2 by MODA was confirmed. Validity of sample preparation method for polymer pellets, polymer film, and polymer products of ISO/DIS 10210 for ISO 14855-2 was confirmed.

Masahiro Funabashi; Fumi Ninomiya; Masao Kunioka

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

383

Ultra-low density microcellular polymer foam and method  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

An ultra-low density, microcellular open-celled polymer foam and a method for making such foam are disclosed. A polymer is dissolved in a heated solution consisting essentially of at least one solvent for the dissolution of the polymer in the heated solution and the phase inversion of the dissolved polymer to a liquid gel upon sufficient cooling of the heated solution. The heated solution is contained in a containment means provided with a nucleating promoting means having a relatively rough surface formed of fixed nucleating sites. The heated solution is cooled for a period of time sufficient to form a liquid gel of the polymer by phase inversion. From the gel, a porous foam having a density of less than about 12.0 mg/cm{sup 3} and open porosity provided by well interconnected strut morphology is formed. These foams can be used for ICF targets.

Simandl, R.F.; Brown, J.D.

1995-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

384

Ultra-low density microcellular polymer foam and method  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

An ultra-low density, microcellular open-celled polymer foam and a method for making such foam. A polymer is dissolved in a heated solution consisting essentially of at least one solvent for the dissolution of the polymer in the heated solution and the phase inversion of the dissolved polymer to a liquid gel upon sufficient cooling of the heated solution. The heated solution is contained in a containment means provided with a nucleating promoting means having a relatively rough surface formed of fixed nucleating sites. The heated solution is cooled for a period of time sufficient to form a liquid gel of the polymer by phase inversion. From the gel, a porous foam having a density of less than about 12.0 mg/cm.sup.3 and open porosity provided by well interconnected strut morphology is formed.

Simandl, Ronald F. (Farragut, TN); Brown, John D. (Harriman, TN)

1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

385

White organic light-emitting diodes: Status and perspective  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

White organic light-emitting diodes (OLEDs) are ultra-thin, large-area light sources made from organic semiconductor materials. Over the last decades, much research has been spent on finding the suitable materials to realize highly efficient monochrome and white OLEDs. With their high efficiency, color-tunability, and color-quality, white OLEDs are emerging to become one of the next generation light sources. In this review, we discuss the physics of a variety of device concepts that are introduced to realize white OLEDs based on both polymer and small molecule organic materi als. Owing to the fact that about 80 % of the internally generated photons are trapped within the thin-film layer structure, we put a second focus on reviewing promising concepts for improved light outcoupling.

Reineke, Sebastian; Lüssem, Björn; Leo, Karl

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

386

Furan Substituted Diketopyrrolopyrrole and Thienylenevinylene Based Low Band Gap Copolymer for High Mobility Organic Thin Film Transistors  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A novel solution processable donor-acceptor (D-A) based low band gap polymer semiconductor poly{l_brace}3,6-difuran-2-yl-2,5-di(2-octyldodecyl)-pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole-1,4-dione-alt-thienylenevinylene{r_brace} (PDPPF-TVT), was designed and synthesized by a Pd-catalyzed Stille coupling route. An electron deficient furan based diketopyrrolopyrrole (DPP) block and electron rich thienylenevinylene (TVT) donor moiety were attached alternately in the polymer backbone. The polymer exhibited good solubility, film forming ability and thermal stability. The polymer exhibits wide absorption bands from 400 nm to 950 nm (UV-vis-NIR region) with absorption maximum centered at 782 nm in thin film. The optical band gap (E{sub g}{sup opt}) calculated from the polymer film absorption onset is around 1.37 eV. The {pi}-energy band level (ionization potential) calculated by photoelectron spectroscopy in air (PESA) for PDPPF-TVT is around 5.22 eV. AFM and TEM analyses of the polymer reveal nodular terrace morphology with optimized crystallinity after 200 C thermal annealing. This polymer exhibits p-channel charge transport characteristics when used as the active semiconductor in organic thin-film transistor (OTFT) devices. The highest hole mobility of 0.13 cm{sup 2} V{sup -1} s{sup -1} is achieved in bottom gate and top-contact OTFT devices with on/off ratios in the range of 10{sup 6}-10{sup 7}. This work reveals that the replacement of thiophene by furan in DPP copolymers exhibits such a high mobility, which makes DPP furan a promising block for making a wide range of promising polymer semiconductors for broad applications in organic electronics.

Sonar, Prashant [Institute of Materials Research and Engineering (IMRE), Agency for Science, Technology, and Research; Zhuo, Jing-Mei [Department of Physics, National University of Singapore; Zhao, Li-Hong [National University of Singapore; Lim, Kai-Ming [Department of Physics, National University of Singapore; Chen, Jihua [ORNL; Rondinone, Adam Justin [ORNL; Singh, Samarendra [Institute of Materials Research and Engineering (IMRE), Agency for Science, Technology, and Research; Chua, Lay-Lay [National University of Singapore; Ho, Peter [National University of Singapore; Dodabalapur, Ananth [National University of Singapore

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

387

Classification and Localisation of Diabetic-Related Eye Disease  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Retinal exudates are a characteristic feature of many retinal diseases such as Diabetic Retinopathy. We address the development of a method to quantitatively diagnose these random yellow patches in colour retinal images automatically. After a colour ...

Alireza Osareh; Majid Mirmehdi; Barry T. Thomas; Richard Markham

2002-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

388

APS Users Organization  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

APSUO APSUO By-Laws Steering Commitee Employment Meetings Compton Award Franklin Award APS Users Organization The APSUO is responsible for advising the APS Associate Laboratory Director in the following areas: The Organization will serve as an advocacy group for the Facility and its user community. The Organization will provide advice to the ALD on matters affecting the user community. The Organization will assure good communication between the APS user community and the APS management. APSUO By-Laws The by-laws upon which the APS User Organization is based. List of Steering Committee Members Steering committee for the APS Users Organization. Employment Bulletin Board APS-related employment opportunities. APSUO Steering Committee Meetings Minutes and presentations from the APSUO meetings.

389

Organic dairy production.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??The aim of this thesis was to gain further knowledge about the performance of cows in organic dairy production and their ability to adapt to… (more)

Ahlman, Therese

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

390

Organization | ornl.gov  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

About ORNL Fact Sheet Brochure Diversity Leadership Team Organization History Environmental Policy Corporate Giving Research Integrity Who we are, aren't About ORNL Home | ORNL |...

391

Technology acceptance in organizations.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??New technology has changed how people do business. With rapid development of technology, it has been difficult for businesses and organizations to successfully implement technology… (more)

Stewart, Laurie

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

392

Biogas and Cattle Organs.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

?? A study has been conducted to assess the possibilities to introduce dead cattle organs as the raw material for biogas generation at the rural… (more)

Jamil, Adnan

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

393

Highly Selective Membranes For The Separation Of Organic Vapors Using Super-Glassy Polymers  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A process for separating hydrocarbon gases of low boiling point, particularly methane, ethane and ethylene, from nitrogen. The process is performed using a membrane made from a super-glassy material. The gases to be separated are mixed with a condensable gas, such as a C.sub.3+ hydrocarbon. In the presence of the condensable gas, improved selectivity for the low-boiling-point hydrocarbon gas over nitrogen is achieved.

Pinnau, Ingo (Palo Alto, CA); Lokhandwala, Kaaeid (Menlo Park, CA); Nguyen, Phuong (Fremont, CA); Segelke, Scott (Mountain View, CA)

1997-11-18T23:59:59.000Z

394

The Design of Organic Polymers and Small Molecules to Improve the Efficiency of Excitonic Solar Cells  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

broadly across the solar spectrum, have functional groupsbroadly across the solar spectrum. Open circuit voltages (Vabsorbing 80% of the solar spectrum from 350-900 nm would

Armstrong, Paul Barber

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

395

Simulation of geometry and shadow effects in 3D organic polymer solar cells.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Rising inventory levels of Solar panels and new production capacity is driving solar PV prices lower and thereby, bringing solar energy closer to grid price… (more)

Parikh, Mihir Prakashbhai

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

396

High Efficiency Organic Solar Cells: December 16, 2009 - February 2, 2011  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Details on the development of novel organic solar cells incorporating Trimetasphere based acceptors are presented including: baseline performance for Lu-PCBEH acceptor blended with P3HT demonstrated at 4.89% PCE exceeding the 4.5% PCE goal; an increase of over 250mV in Voc was demonstrated for Lu-PCBEH blended with low band gap polymers compared to a comparable C60-PCBM device. The actual Voc was certified at 260mV higher for a low band gap polymer device using the Lu-PCBEH acceptor; and the majority of the effort was focused on development of a device with over 7% PCE. While low current and fill factors suppressed overall device performance for the low band gap polymers tested, significant discoveries were made that point the way for future development of these novel acceptor materials.

Walker, K.; Joslin, S.

2011-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

397

Bottoms Up: Better Organic Semiconductors for Printable ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... A patent from British researchers in 2005 offered a promising compromise: blend the small semiconductor molecules in with the polymer. ...

2012-10-18T23:59:59.000Z

398

Organic conductive films for semiconductor electrodes  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

According to the present invention, improved electrodes overcoated with conductive polymer films and preselected catalysts are provided. The electrodes typically comprise an inorganic semiconductor overcoated with a charge conductive polymer film comprising a charge conductive polymer in or on which is a catalyst or charge-relaying agent.

Frank, Arthur J. (Lakewood, CO)

1984-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

399

Organic Membranes for Energy Conversion and "Green" Manufacturing  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Organic Membranes for Energy Conversion and "Green" Manufacturing Organic Membranes for Energy Conversion and "Green" Manufacturing Speaker(s): John Kerr Date: January 17, 2002 - 12:00pm Location: Bldg. 90 Seminar Host/Point of Contact: Cynthia Tast Organic materials are central to the operation of energy conversion devices such as lithium batteries and fuel cells. Use of organic polymer membranes has been well established in the chlor-alkali and separations industries for several decades now. New applications such as light emitting diodes for displays and area lighting, organic photovoltaics for solar conversion and electrochromics illustrate the growing importance of organic materials in energetic applications. Understanding the operation of these materials, their limitations and advantages is of major importance to the successful

400

Supporting Organizations | National Security | ORNL  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Initiatives Facilities Events and Conferences Supporting Organizations National Security Home | Science & Discovery | National Security | Supporting Organizations SHARE Supporting...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "diabetes organic polymers" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


401

Organic vapor jet printing system  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

An organic vapor jet printing system includes a pump for increasing the pressure of an organic flux.

Forrest, Stephen R

2012-10-23T23:59:59.000Z

402

Magnetic resonance imaging of solvent transport in polymer networks  

SciTech Connect

The spectroscopic technique of magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) has recently provided a new window into transport of solvents in polymer networks. Diffusion of solvent as a rate-controlling phenomenon is paramount to understanding transport in many important industrial and biological processes, such as upgrading fossil fuels, film casting and coating, development of photoresists, design of drug-delivery systems, development of solvent resistant polymers, etc. By MRI mapping the migration of solvent molecules through various polymer specimens, researchers Robert Botto and George Cody of Argonne National Laboratory, with support from the Division of Chemical Sciences at DOE, were able to characterize and distinguish between different modes of transport behavior associated with fundamentally different types of polymer systems. The method was applied to rubbers, glassy polymers, and coals. In polymers shown to undergo a glass transition from a rigid to rubbery state, a sharply defined solvent front was observed that propagated through specimens in the manner of a constant velocity shock wave. This behavior was contrasted with a smooth solvent concentration gradient found in polymer systems where no glass transition was observed. The results of this analysis have formed the basis of a new model of anomalous transport in polymeric solids and are helping to ascertain fundamental information on the molecular architectures of these materials.

Botto, R.E.; Cody, G.D.

1995-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

403

Topological interactions between ring polymers: Implications for chromatin loops  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Chromatin looping is a major epigenetic regulatory mechanism in higher eukaryotes. Besides its role in transcriptional regulation, chromatin loops have been proposed to play a pivotal role in the segregation of entire chromosomes. The detailed topological and entropic forces between loops still remain elusive. Here, we quantitatively determine the potential of mean force between the centers of mass of two ring polymers, i.e. loops. We find that the transition from a linear to a ring polymer induces a strong increase in the entropic repulsion between these two polymers. On top, topological interactions such as the non-catenation constraint further reduce the number of accessible conformations of close-by ring polymers by about 50%, resulting in an additional effective repulsion. Furthermore, the transition from linear to ring polymers displays changes in the conformational and structural properties of the system. In fact, ring polymers adopt a markedly more ordered and aligned state than linear ones. The forces and accompanying changes in shape and alignment between ring polymers suggest an important regulatory function of such a topology in biopolymers. We conjecture that dynamic loop formation in chromatin might act as a versatile control mechanism regulating and maintaining different local states of compaction and order.

Manfred Bohn; Dieter W. Heermann

2010-01-24T23:59:59.000Z

404

Release mechanism utilizing shape memory polymer material  

SciTech Connect

Microfabricated therapeutic actuators are fabricated using a shape memory polymer (SMP), a polyurethane-based material that undergoes a phase transformation at a specified temperature (Tg). At a temperature above temperature Tg material is soft and can be easily reshaped into another configuration. As the temperature is lowered below temperature Tg the new shape is fixed and locked in as long as the material stays below temperature Tg. Upon reheating the material to a temperature above Tg, the material will return to its original shape. By the use of such SMP material, SMP microtubing can be used as a release actuator for the delivery of embolic coils through catheters into aneurysms, for example. The microtubing can be manufactured in various sizes and the phase change temperature Tg is determinate for an intended temperature target and intended use.

Lee, Abraham P. (Walnut Creek, CA); Northrup, M. Allen (Berkeley, CA); Ciarlo, Dino R. (Livermore, CA); Krulevitch, Peter A. (Pleasanton, CA); Benett, William J. (Livermore, CA)

2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

405

Electrocatalysis issues in polymer electrolyte fuel cells  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Various electrocatalysis issues of impotance to low platinum loading polymer electrolyte fuel cells (PEFCs) are discussed. Thin film catalyst layer assemblies are used to investigate the effects of CO and CO{sub 2} on the anode as well as efforts to restore performance by oxygen bleeding into the anode feedstream. These electrodes behave differently than ionomer-impregnated E-TEK electrodes because the extra, exposed Pt in the latter case. The tolerance of Pt-Ru alloy thin film anodes to CO and CO{sub 2} are also evaluated. Thin film electrodes are also used to study Pt particle growth in aged electrodes as well as particle size effects on specific activity.

Wilson, M.S.; Derouin, C.R.; Valerio, J.A.; Gottesfeld, S.

1993-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

406

Electrocatalysis issues in polymer electrolyte fuel cells  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Various electrocatalysis issues of impotance to low platinum loading polymer electrolyte fuel cells (PEFCs) are discussed. Thin film catalyst layer assemblies are used to investigate the effects of CO and CO[sub 2] on the anode as well as efforts to restore performance by oxygen bleeding into the anode feedstream. These electrodes behave differently than ionomer-impregnated E-TEK electrodes because the extra, exposed Pt in the latter case. The tolerance of Pt-Ru alloy thin film anodes to CO and CO[sub 2] are also evaluated. Thin film electrodes are also used to study Pt particle growth in aged electrodes as well as particle size effects on specific activity.

Wilson, M.S.; Derouin, C.R.; Valerio, J.A.; Gottesfeld, S.

1993-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

407

Modeling of polymer electrolyte fuel cell systems  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Propulsion systems based on the polymer electrolyte fuel cell (PEFC) are being developed. This paper reports an analysis undertaken to design improved PEFC systems. A reference system design with some variants were set up for a methanol-fueled PEFC propulsion system. Efficiency improves from 38.4 to 44.1% as cell current density goes from 0.75 to 0.45 A/cm{sup 2}, while fuel cell efficiency increases from 52.6 to 60.0%; to get a net power output of 80 kWe, the active fuel cell area must increase from 18.8 to 27.3 m{sup 2}. Three parametric studies were conducted on the off-design performance of the reference system.

Kumar, R.; Ahluwalia, R.; Geyer, H.K.; Krumpelt, M.

1993-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

408

The Packing of Granular Polymer Chains  

SciTech Connect

Rigid particles pack into structures, such as sand dunes on the beach, whose overall stability is determined by the average number of contacts between particles. However, when packing spatially extended objects with flexible shapes, additional concepts must be invoked to understand the stability of the resulting structure. Here, we examine the disordered packing of chains constructed out of flexibly connected hard spheres. Using x-ray tomography, we find that long chains pack into a low-density structure whose mechanical rigidity is mainly provided by the backbone. On compaction, randomly oriented, semi-rigid loops form along the chain, and the packing of chains can be understood as the jamming of these elements. Finally, we uncover close similarities between the packing of chains and the glass transition in polymers.

Zou, Ling-Nan; Cheng, Xiang; Rivers, Mark L.; Jaeger, Heinrich M.; Nagel, Sidney R.; UC

2009-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

409

Solid-polymer-electrolyte fuel cells  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

A transport model for polymer electrolytes is presented, based on concentrated solution theory and irreversible thermodynamics. Thermodynamic driving forces are developed, transport properties are identified and experiments devised. Transport number of water in Nafion 117 membrane is determined using a concentration cell. It is 1.4 for a membrane equilibrated with saturated water vapor at 25{degrees}C, decreases slowly as the membrane is dehydrated, and falls sharply toward zero as the water content approaches zero. The relation between transference number, transport number, and electroosmotic drag coefficient is presented, and their relevance to water-management is discussed. A mathematical model of transport in a solid-polymer-electrolyte fuel cell is presented. A two-dimensional membrane-electrode assembly is considered. Water management, thermal management, and utilization of fuel are examined in detail. The membrane separators of these fuel cells require sorbed water to maintain conductivity; therefore it is necessary to manage the water content in membranes to ensure efficient operation. Water and thermal management are interrelated. Rate of heat removal is shown to be a critical parameter in the operation of these fuel cells. Current-voltage curves are presented for operation on air and reformed methanol. Equations for convective diffusion to a rotating disk are solved numerically for a consolute point between the bulk concentration and the surface. A singular-perturbation expansion is presented for the condition where the bulk concentration is nearly equal to the consolute-point composition. Results are compared to Levich`s solution and analysis.

Fuller, T.F.

1992-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

410

Selling body organs  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Selling body organs Selling body organs Name: Betty A Laliberte Location: N/A Country: N/A Date: N/A Question: If a tissue donor dies and some of his/her tissue is donated, should the family be given money or some other benefit? I am a freshman at York HS and am doing a bioethics project. Replies: An interesting question. In my opinion, a family should not receive payment for organ donation. That would introduce an economic element into the decision, which does not seem appropriate. One problem is: Who will pay? The recipient? What if he can't afford it? Who gets the organ? The highest bidder? I guess part of my problem with selling organs and tissues is religious in nature. To me, my life and my body were given freely to me and they are not mine to sell to someone else. They certainly do not belong to my family to profit from.

411

A Parallel Global Optimization Method for Solving Molecular Cluster and Polymer Conformation Problems \\Lambda  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

P. B. Oldenkamp z Abstract Identifying the conformations that a molecular cluster or polymer assumes

Neumaier, Arnold

412

Performance of Polymer Electrolyte Membrane Fuel Cell Based on New Polymeric Ionomers  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this paper, novel polymer electrolyte membranes (PEMs) based on new sulfonated polyimides have been prepared. These polymers have structure of rigid aromatic polymer backbone and flexible aliphatic side chain terminated with sulfonic acid group. Membrane ... Keywords: PEM fuel cell, polymer electrolyte membrane, proton conductivity, fuel cell performance

Yan Yin; Qing Du; Kenichi Okamoto

2010-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

413

The effect of dietary Cu and diabetes on indices of Cu nutriture in the rat  

SciTech Connect

The uptake-retention of 67Cu is affected by dietary Cu and diabetes. Consequently, the functional activities of select enzymes and tissue Cu status were assessed. STZ-diabetic and control rats were fed Cu suppl. or def. diets. Rats were gavaged with 28 {mu}Ci 67Cu, and killed 8, 16, 24, 32, 64, or 128 h later. Diabetic rats were hyperphagic, hyperglycemic and hypoinsulinemic; with no effect of diet. Plasma ceruloplasmin activity (Cp) was lower in Cu def. rats; diabetic rats tended to have higher Cp than controls. Cu def. rats had low Cu levels in liver, kidney and plasma. Cu suppl. diabetic rats had higher liver and kidney Cu compared to Cu def. diabetic rats. Gel chromatography of liver showed that with time, there was a transfer of 67Cu from low to higher MW ligands. In nondiabetic rats, more 67Cu was associated with the higher MW ligands. The converse was observed for diabetic rats. There was no effect of diabetes on liver 67Cu localization. Diabetic rats had higher metallothionein (MT) concentrations in liver and kidney compared to controls Cu deficiency lowered MT values in both diabetic and control rats. CuZn SOD Cu activity was lowered with Cu def. and diabetes, while Mn SOD activity was similar among groups. Plasma lipid peroxide levels were lower in diabetic rats than controls. The results show that Cu metabolism is affected in diabetes, and the changes are functionally significant.

Rucker, R.B.; Uriu-Hare, J.Y.; Tinker, D.; Keen, C.L. (Univ. of California, Davis (United States))

1991-03-11T23:59:59.000Z

414

Improved morphology in electrochemically grown conducting polymer films  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A conducting polymer film with an improved space filling is formed on a metal electrode surface. A self-assembling monolayer is formed directly on the metal surface where the monolayer has a first functional group that binds to the metal surface and a second chemical group that forms a chemical bonding site for molecules forming the conducting polymer. The conducting polymer is then conventionally deposited by electrochemical deposition. In one example, a conducting film of polyaniline is formed on a gold electrode surface with an intermediate monolayer of p-aminothiophenol.

Rubinstein, I.; Gottesfeld, S.; Sabatani, E.

1990-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

415

Method of synthesizing polymers from a solid electrolyte  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A method of synthesizing electrically conductive polymers from a solvent-free solid polymer electrolyte is disclosed. An assembly of a substrate having an electrode thereon, a thin coating of solid electrolyte including a solution of PEO complexed with an alkali salt, and a thin transparent noble metal electrode are disposed in an evacuated chamber into which a selected monomer vapor is introduced while an electric potential is applied across the solid electrolyte to hold the thin transparent electrode at a positive potential relative to the electrode on the substrate, whereby a highly conductive polymer film is grown on the transparent electrode between it and the solid electrolyte.

Skotheim, T.A.

1984-10-19T23:59:59.000Z

416

Performance of DOE's micellar-polymer project in northwest Oklahoma  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

DOE's Bartlesville Energy Technology Center has completed a micellar-polymer flood in the Delaware Childers Field in NE Oklahoma. Micellar-polymer flooding uses a combination of low interfacial tension and mobility control in producing reservoir that usually has been successfully waterflood. A test site was selected after consideration of other possible sites reasonably close to BETC. The selected micellar-polymer fluids were injected into a central injection well, displaced through the formation, and produced from four surrounding production wells. Eight water injection wells surrounding the test pattern were used to afford an effective outer boundary for fluid containment. 9 refs.

Thomas, R.D.; Spence, K.L.; Burtch, F.W.; Lorenz, P.B.

1982-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

417

Micellar/polymer flooding in the Bradford field  

SciTech Connect

This paper describes the development and operation of a 218-acre (88-ha) micellar/polymer flood in the Bradford field of Pennsylvania. A definite tertiary oil production response occurred after injection of 35% PV of micellar slug and polymer. A total of 191,226 bbl (30.4x10/sup 3/ m/sup 3/), or 3.4% PV, oil was produced, which was significantly less than predicted. The production response occurred later and was lower than expected, and operations were discontinued before the scheduled polymer-injection sequence was completed.

Ondrusek, P.S.

1988-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

418

A survey of insulin-dependent diabetes-part I: therapies and devices  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper surveys diabetes therapies from telemedicine viewpoint. In type 1 diabetes therapies, the exogenous insulin replacement is generally considered as a primary treatment. However, the complete replacement of exogenous insulin is still a challenging ...

Daisuke Takahashi; Yang Xiao; Fei Hu; Michael Lewis

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

419

FDA Approves Drug for Type 2 Diabetes Invented with Aid of Protein...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

FDA Approves Drug for Type 2 Diabetes Invented with Aid of Protein Structure Data Taken at ALS FDA Approves Drug for Type 2 Diabetes Invented with Aid of Protein Structure Data...

420

"Cracking-the-whip" effect stretches driven polymers  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Cracking the whip accelerates the tail of a chain to hit the air loudly and clearly. We proved that the similar acceleration effect causes coil deformation of driven chain-like polymers. We first preformed Monte Carlo simulations of a single driven polymer coil to demonstrate its deformation in company with faster or slower deviations of velocities. We then performed parallel Brownian Dynamics simulations to demonstrate that the coil deformation can be caused by the so-called "cracking-the-whip" effect due to non-synchronous biased Brownian motions of monomers inherited in Monte Carlo simulations. Since such non-synchronous motions represent random perturbations in the environmentally dependent potential energy landscape or mobility, reflecting heterogeneous dynamics of polymers in the liquid phase, our observations bring new insights into the non-linear dynamics of driven chain-like polymers.

Juan Li; Wenbing Hu

2013-10-31T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "diabetes organic polymers" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


421

Carrier heating in disordered conjugated polymers in electric field  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

at three di?erent electric ?elds and room temperature.conjugated polymers in electric ?eld Nenad Vukmirovi´ a) and94720, USA. Abstract The electric ?eld dependence of charge

Vukmirovic, Nenad

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

422

Performance and Characterization of Lithium-Ion Type Polymer...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Performance and Characterization of Lithium-Ion Type Polymer Batteries Speaker(s): Myung D. Cho Date: January 18, 2002 - 12:00pm Location: Bldg. 90 Seminar HostPoint of Contact:...

423

Bodipy-backboned polymers as electron donor in bulk heterojunction ...  

Bodipy-backboned polymers as electron donor in bulk heterojunction solar cellsw BongSoo Kim,a Biwu Ma,*b Venkat R. Donuru,c Haiying Liuc and Jean M. J. Fre´chet*ab

424

The potential commercialization of neuronal replacement therapy using smart polymers  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

NeuroBioChip Device is a programmable, biocompatible, biodegradable, polymer matrix which allows the growth and programming of donor neurons. It creates a microenvironment conducive for neuronal outgrowth and promises a ...

Dutt, Anindita, 1971-

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

425

Segregated Network Polymer-Carbon Nanotubes Composites For Thermoelectrics  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Polymers are intrinsically poor thermal conductors, which are ideal for thermoelectrics, but low electrical conductivity and thermopower have excluded them as feasible candidates as thermoelectric materials in the past. However, recent progress in polymer technology, particularly nanomaterial-polymer composites, can bring them into degenerate semiconductor or metallic regimes by incorporating a small amount of conductive filler. I demonstrate that such polymer nanocomposites can be viable for light-weight and economical thermoelectrics by using a segregated network approach for the nanocomposite synthesis. The thermoelectric properties were further improved by a change of stabilizer and drying conditions. The thermoelectric properties of the segregated network nanocomposites were measured for carbon nanotubes and the thermoelectric figure of merit, ZT, was calculated at room temperature. The influence on thermoelectric properties from filler concentration, stabilizer materials and drying condition are also discussed.

Kim, Dasaroyong

2009-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

426

Fiber Reinforced Polymer Composite Manufacturing Workshop “Save the Date”  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

The U.S. Department of Energy’s Advanced Manufacturing Office plans to host a Fiber Reinforced Polymer Composite Manufacturing Workshop in the Washington D.C. area on Monday January 13, 2014.

427

Polymer electrolytes for a rechargeable li-Ion battery  

SciTech Connect

Lithium-ion polymer electrolyte battery technology is attractive for many consumer and military applications. A Li{sub x}C/Li{sub y}Mn{sub 2}O{sub 4} battery system incorporating a polymer electrolyte separator base on novel Li-imide salts is being developed under sponsorship of US Army Research Laboratory (Fort Monmouth NJ). This paper reports on work currently in progress on synthesis of Li-imide salts, polymer electrolyte films incorporating these salts, and development of electrodes and cells. A number of Li salts have been synthesized and characterized. These salts appear to have good voltaic stability. PVDF polymer gel electrolytes based on these salts have exhibited conductivities in the range 10{sup -4} to 10{sub -3} S/cm.

Argade, S.D.; Saraswat, A.K.; Rao, B.M.L. [Technochem Co., Greensboro, NC (United States); Lee, H.S.; Xiang, C.L.; McBreen, J. [Brookhaven National Lab., Upton, NY (United States)

1996-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

428

Design and synthesis of conjugated macrocycles and polymers  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The design, synthesis and characterization of conjugated macrocycles and polymers are presented in this dissertation. In particular, work involving the exploration of unusual and/or novel aromatic structures for various ...

Chan, Julian M. W. (Julian Mun Weng)

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

429

Collagen and hyaluronic acid interpenetrating polymer networks for tissue engineering  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Interpenetrating Polymer Networks (IPNs) represent a strategy for combining the properties of several polymeric materials into a single network. In this thesis, collagen and methacrylated hyaluronic acid are combined in ...

Brigham, Mark D

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

430

Synthesis and applications of electron deficient conjugated polymers  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Chapter 1. In this introductory chapter, we present the general properties of conjugated polymers for sensory and electronic applications, with a special emphasis placed on electron-deficient materials. Chapter 2. In this ...

Kim, Youngmi, Ph. D

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

431

Polymer quantization, singularity resolution and the $1/r^2$ potential  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We present a polymer quantization of the $-\\lambda/r^2$ potential on the positive real line and compute numerically the bound state eigenenergies in terms of the dimensionless coupling constant $\\lambda$. The singularity at the origin is handled in two ways: first, by regularizing the potential and adopting either symmetric or antisymmetric boundary conditions; second, by keeping the potential unregularized but allowing the singularity to be balanced by an antisymmetric boundary condition. The results are compared to the semiclassical limit of the polymer theory and to the conventional Schr\\"odinger quantization on $L_2(\\mathbb{R}_+)$. The various quantization schemes are in excellent agreement for the highly excited states but differ for thelow-lying states, and the polymer spectrum is bounded below even when the Schr\\"odinger spectrum is not. We find in particular that for the antisymmetric boundary condition the regularization of the potential is redundant: the polymer quantum theory is well defined even w...

Kunstatter, G; Ziprick, J

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

432

Charge transport in hybrid nanorod-polymer composite photovoltaic cells  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

circuit diagram for a photovoltaic cell under illumination.Within a simple model a photovoltaic cell is a diode with ananocrystal-polymer photovoltaic cell with electron and hole

Huynh, Wendy U.; Dittmer, Janke J.; Teclemariam, Nerayo; Milliron, Delia; Alivisatos, A. Paul; Barnham, Keith W.J.

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

433

Analysis of model parameters for a polymer filtration simulator  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We examine a simulation model for polymer extrusion filters and determine its sensitivity to filter parameters. The simulator is a three-dimensional, time-dependent discretization of a coupled system of nonlinear partial differential equations used to ...

N. Brackett-Rozinsky; S. Mondal; K. R. Fowler; E. W. Jenkins

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

434

Metal-polymer composites comprising nanostructures and applications thereof  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Metal-polymer composites, and methods of making and use thereof, said composites comprising a thermally-cured dense polyaniline substrate; an acid dopant; and, metal nanostructure deposits wherein the deposits have a morphology dependent upon the acid dopant.

Wang, Hsing-Lin (Los Alamos, NM); Jeon, Sea Ho (Dracut, MA); Mack, Nathan H. (Los Alamos, NM)

2011-08-02T23:59:59.000Z

435

Metal-polymer composites comprising nanostructures and applications thereof  

SciTech Connect

Metal-polymer composites, and methods of making and use thereof, said composites comprising a thermally-cured dense polyaniline substrate; an acid dopant; and, metal nanostructure deposits wherein the deposits have a morphology dependent upon the acid dopant.

Wang, Hsing-Lin (Los Alamos, NM); Jeon, Sea Ho (Dracut, MA); Mack, Nathan H. (Los Alamos, NM)

2012-04-03T23:59:59.000Z

436

Highly efficient blue polyfluorene-based polymer light-emitting...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

of Physics Volume 42 Pagination 5 Abstract A highly efficient blue polymer light-emitting diode based on poly(9,9-di(2-(2-(2-methoxy-ethoxy)ethoxy)ethyl)fluorenyl-2,7-diyl)...

437

Yoan C. Simon Department of Polymer Science and Engineering  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Chemistry, Polymer Preprints 2005, 46(2), 771772. ACADEMIC SERVICES: Group NMR manager: Training of new: Light scattering, atomic force microscopy, thermogravimetric analysis, differential scanning ConsortiumNASA Award 2007 "Designed Macromolecular Assemblies for Biomedical Applications" Graduate Talk

Coughlin, E. Bryan

438

Solid polymer battery electrolyte and reactive metal-water battery  

SciTech Connect

In one implementation, a reactive metal-water battery includes an anode comprising a metal in atomic or alloy form selected from the group consisting of periodic table Group 1A metals, periodic table Group 2A metals and mixtures thereof. The battery includes a cathode comprising water. Such also includes a solid polymer electrolyte comprising a polyphosphazene comprising ligands bonded with a phosphazene polymer backbone. The ligands comprise an aromatic ring containing hydrophobic portion and a metal ion carrier portion. The metal ion carrier portion is bonded at one location with the polymer backbone and at another location with the aromatic ring containing hydrophobic portion. The invention also contemplates such solid polymer electrolytes use in reactive metal/water batteries, and in any other battery.

Harrup, Mason K. (Idaho Falls, ID); Peterson, Eric S. (Idaho Falls, ID); Stewart, Frederick F. (Idaho Falls, ID)

2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

439

Improved screen-bowl centrifuge recovery using polymer injection technology  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The paper reports the improved screen-bowl centrifuge recovery process using polymer injection technology. Field test and economic analysis are also included in the paper. 3 refs., 3 figs., 1 tab.

Burchett, R.T.; McGough, K.M.; Luttrell, G.H.

2006-08-15T23:59:59.000Z

440

Use of fiber reinforced polymer composite in bridge structures  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Fiber reinforced polymer composite (FRP) is a new construction material, gradually gaining acceptance from civil engineers. Bridge engineering is among the fields in civil engineering benefiting from the introduction of ...

Tuakta, Chakrapan, 1980-

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "diabetes organic polymers" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


441

Molecular Engineering of Conjugated Polymers for Sensor Applications  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In recent years, the application of fluorescent conjugated polymers for sensing chemical and biological analytes has received much attention from many researchers. A promising development in this direction was the fabrication ...

Vetrichelvan, Muthalagu

442

Fixation of tritium in a highly stable polymer form  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A method for the fixation of tritium comprising reacting tritiated water with calcium carbide to produce calcium hydroxide and tritiated acetylene, polymerizing the acetylene, and then incorporating the polymer in a solidifying matrix.

Steinberg, Meyer (Huntington Station, NY); Colombo, Peter (Patchogue, NY); Pruzansky, Jacob (E. Islip, NY)

1977-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

443

ME EET Seminar: Conductive Polymer Matrix to Enable Si Nanomaterials...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Conductive Polymer Matrix to Enable Si Nanomaterials for Energy Storage Speaker(s): Gao Liu Date: February 17, 2010 - 12:00pm Location: Campus TBD For more information about this...

444

APPLICATION OF HIGH TECHNOLOGY POLYMERS FOR THE IMMOBILIZATION AND SOLIDIFICATION OF COMPLEX LIQUID RADWASTE TYPES  

SciTech Connect

The Cold War era created a massive build-up of nuclear weapon stockpiles in the former Soviet Union and the United States. The primary objective during this period was the development of nuclear technologies for weapons, space and power with lack of attention to the impact of radioactive and hazardous waste products on the environment. Effective technologies for radioactive and hazardous waste treatment and disposal were not well investigated or promoted during the arms build-up; and consequently, environmental contamination has become a major problem. These problems in Russia and the United States are well documented. Significant amounts of liquid radwaste have existed since the 1950's. The current government of the Russian Federation is addressing the issues of land remediation and permanent storage of radwaste resulting from internal and external pressures for safe cleanup and storage. The Russian government seeks new technologies from internal sources and from the West that will provide high performance, long term stability, safe for transport and for long-term storage of liquid radwaste at a reasonable economic cost. With the great diversity of liquid chemical compositions and activity levels, it is important to note that these waste products cannot be processed with commonly used methods. Different techniques and materials can be used for this problem resolution including the use of polymer materials that are capable of forming chemically stable, solidified waste products. In 2001, the V.G. Khlopin Radium Institute (St. Petersburg, Russia) and Pacific World Trade (Indianapolis, Indiana) began an extensive research and test program to determine the effectiveness and performance of high technology polymers for the immobilization and solidification of complex liquid radwaste types generated by the Ministry of Atomic Energy (Minatom), Russia, organization. The high tech polymers used in the tests were provided by Nochar, Inc. (Indianapolis, Indiana).

Kelley, Dennis; Brunkow, Ward; Pokhitonov, Yuri; Starchenko, Vadim

2003-02-27T23:59:59.000Z

445

Thiacrown polymers for removal of mercury from waste streams  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Thiacrown polymers immobilized to a polystyrene-divinylbenzene matrix react with Hg.sup.2+ under a variety of conditions to efficiently and selectively remove Hg.sup.2+ ions from acidic aqueous solutions, even in the presence of a variety of other metal ions. The mercury can be recovered and the polymer regenerated. This mercury removal method has utility in the treatment of industrial wastewater, where a selective and cost-effective removal process is required.

Baumann, Theodore F. (Tracy, CA); Reynolds, John G. (San Ramon, CA); Fox, Glenn A. (Livermore, CA)

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

446

Method for the preparation of novel polyacetylene-type polymers  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Polymerization of acetylenic monomers is achieved by using a catalyst which is the reaction product of a tungsten compound and a reducing agent effective to reduce W(VI) to W(III) and/or IV), e.g., WCl.sub.6.(organo-Li, organo-Mg or polysilane). The resultant silylated polymers are of heretofore unachievable high molecular weight and can be used as precursors to a wide variety of new acetylenic polymers by application of substitution reactions.

Zeigler, John M. (Albuquerque, NM)

1989-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

447

Organization | Department of Energy  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Organization Organization Organization View Office of Management Organization Chart in PDF format. Office of Resource Management and Planning The Office of Resource Management and Planning provides the leadership and centralized management and direction of the Office of Management (MA) planning, budgeting, financial, human resources, and program execution processes; ensures that these processes are effective, and fully integrated and consistent with the Department-wide processes and requirements. Office of Aviation Management The Department of Energy, Aviation Program is the management function for all fleet aircraft and contracted aviation services for the Department. The program and its management personnel operate world-wide. To take advantage of the best communications and information services available, we have

448

Organization | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Us » Organization Us » Organization Organization The organizational structure of the Office of Policy and International Affairs is as follows: *Office of Resource Management (PI-10) *Office of the Deputy Assistant Secretary for Eurasia, Africa and the Middle East (PI-20) *Office of the Deputy Assistant Secretary for Asia, Europe, and the Americas (PI-30) *Office of the Deputy Assistant Secretary for Policy Analysis (PI-40) *Office of the Deputy Assistant Secretary for Climate Change Policy and Technology (PI-50) The organizational chart can be found here. A brief synopsis of each sub-organization follows. Office of Resource Management (PI-10) The mission of the Office of Resource Management is to support the Office of Policy and International Affairs (PI) by: (1) minimizing the

449

Geothermal Drilling Organization  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The Geothermal Drilling Organization (GDO), founded in 1982 as a joint Department of Energy (DOE)-Industry organization, develops and funds near-term technology development projects for reducing geothermal drilling costs. Sandia National Laboratories administers DOE funds to assist industry critical cost-shared projects and provides development support for each project. GDO assistance to industry is vital in developing products and procedures to lower drilling costs, in part, because the geothermal industry is small and represents a limited market.

Sattler, A.R.

1999-07-07T23:59:59.000Z

450

Solution behavior of PEO : the ultimate biocompatible polymer.  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Poly(ethylene oxide) (PEO) is the quintessential biocompatible polymer. Due to its ability to form hydrogen bonds, it is soluble in water, and yet is uncharged and relatively inert. It is being investigated for use in a wide range of biomedical and biotechnical applications, including the prevention of protein adhesion (biofouling), controlled drug delivery, and tissue scaffolds. PEO has also been proposed for use in novel polymer hydrogel nanocomposites with superior mechanical properties. However, the phase behavior of PEO in water is highly anomalous and is not addressed by current theories of polymer solutions. The effective interactions between PEO and water are very concentration dependent, unlike other polymer/solvent systems, due to water-water and water-PEO hydrogen bonds. An understanding of this anomalous behavior requires a careful examination of PEO liquids and solutions on the molecular level. We performed massively parallel molecular dynamics simulations and self-consistent Polymer Reference Interaction Site Model (PRISM) calculations on PEO liquids. We also initiated MD studies on PEO/water solutions with and without an applied electric field. This work is summarized in three parts devoted to: (1) A comparison of MD simulations, theory and experiment on PEO liquids; (2) The implementation of water potentials into the LAMMPS MD code; and (3) A theoretical analysis of the effect of an applied electric field on the phase diagram of polymer solutions.

Curro, John G.; Frischknecht, Amalie Lucile

2004-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

451

Reactions at the silver/polymer interface: a review  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

One of the possible solutions for improving mirrors for long-life, inexpensive solar concentrators is to coat the reactive mirror material with a polymer. Polymer-coated reflectors may improve optical efficiency and reduce the cost of solar mirrors. Because the mirror/polymer interface may have long-term instabilities in a solar-stressed environment, it is necessary to isolate the effects attributable to the bulk materials from those of the interface. Actual failure mechanisms are unknown but we present several possible explanations for failure of the polymer/mirror interface. The purpose of the paper is to review the literature on one of the systems of great current interest, the silver/polymer interface. First, the components of this interface are considered separately. Studies of reactions of environmental gases with silver are summarized. Then, several candidate fluoropolymers and polymethylmethacrylate are considered independently of the metal. The thermal, photo, and oxidative degradation reactions are briefly outlined. Finally, the limited data actually obtained on the silver/polymer interface are summarized. Results obtained on the silver/Teflon-FEP interface are emphasized because its use for thermal control panels in the space program resulted in extensive study. 117 references.

Schissel, P.; Czanderna, A.W.

1980-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

452

Interfacial Engineering for Highly Efficient-Conjugated Polymer-Based Bulk Heterojunction Photovoltaic Devices  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The aim of our proposal is to apply interface engineering approach to improve charge extraction, guide active layer morphology, improve materials compatibility, and ultimately allow the fabrication of high efficiency tandem cells. Specifically, we aim at developing: i. Interfacial engineering using small molecule self-assembled monolayers ii. Nanostructure engineering in OPVs using polymer brushes iii. Development of efficient light harvesting and high mobility materials for OPVs iv. Physical characterization of the nanostructured systems using electrostatic force microscopy, and conducting atomic force microscopy v. All-solution processed organic-based tandem cells using interfacial engineering to optimize the recombination layer currents vi. Theoretical modeling of charge transport in the active semiconducting layer The material development effort is guided by advanced computer modeling and surface/ interface engineering tools to allow us to obtain better understanding of the effect of electrode modifications on OPV performance for the investigation of more elaborate device structures. The materials and devices developed within this program represent a major conceptual advancement using an integrated approach combining rational molecular design, material, interface, process, and device engineering to achieve solar cells with high efficiency, stability, and the potential to be used for large-area roll-to-roll printing. This may create significant impact in lowering manufacturing cost of polymer solar cells for promoting clean renewable energy use and preventing the side effects from using fossil fuels to impact environment.

Alex Jen; David Ginger; Christine Luscombe; Hong Ma

2012-04-02T23:59:59.000Z

453

Lithium Polymer (LiPo) Battery Usage Lithium polymer batteries are now being widely used in hobby and UAV applications. They work  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Lithium Polymer (LiPo) Battery Usage 1 Lithium polymer batteries are now being widely used in hobby nickel metal and ni-cad batteries. But with this increase in battery life come potential hazards. Use batteries with a battery charger specifically designed for lithium polymer batteries. As an example, you

Langendoen, Koen

454

New Morphological Paradigm Uncovered in Organic Solar Cells  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

studied using grazing-incidence wide-angle x-ray scattering (GIWAXS). Thermodynamic phase diagram for the P3HT (polymer) - PCBM (fullerene) system where the polymer...

455

The Development of Semiconducting Materials for Organic Photovoltaics  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Long-Term Thermal Stability of High-Efficiency Polymer SolarLong-Term Thermal Stability of High-Efficiency Polymer Solar

Douglas, Jessica D.

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

456

Polymer electrolyte fuel cells for transportation applications  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The application of the polymer electrolyte fuel cell (PEFC) as a primary power source in electric vehicles has received incrming attention during the last few years. This increased attention has been fueled by a combination of significant technical advances in this field and by the initiation of some projects for the demonstration of a complete, PEFC-based power system in a bus or in a passenger car. Such demonstration pretieds reflect an increased faith of industry in the potential of this technology for transportation applications, or, at least, in the need for a detailed evaluation of this potential Nevertheless, large scale transportation applications of PEFCs requim a continued concerted effort of research on catalysis, materials and components, combined with the engineering efforts addressing the complete power system. This is required to achieve cost effective, highly performing PEFC stack and power system. We describe in this contribution some recent results of work performed within the Core Research PEFC Program at Los Alamos National Laboratory, which has addressed transportation applications of PEFCs.

Springer, T.E.; Wilson, M.S.; Garzon, F.H.; Zawodzinski, T.A.; Gottesfeld, S.

1993-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

457

Polymer electrolyte fuel cells for transportation applications  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The application of the polymer electrolyte fuel cell (PEFC) as a primary power source in electric vehicles has received incrming attention during the last few years. This increased attention has been fueled by a combination of significant technical advances in this field and by the initiation of some projects for the demonstration of a complete, PEFC-based power system in a bus or in a passenger car. Such demonstration pretieds reflect an increased faith of industry in the potential of this technology for transportation applications, or, at least, in the need for a detailed evaluation of this potential Nevertheless, large scale transportation applications of PEFCs requim a continued concerted effort of research on catalysis, materials and components, combined with the engineering efforts addressing the complete power system. This is required to achieve cost effective, highly performing PEFC stack and power system. We describe in this contribution some recent results of work performed within the Core Research PEFC Program at Los Alamos National Laboratory, which has addressed transportation applications of PEFCs.

Springer, T.E.; Wilson, M.S.; Garzon, F.H.; Zawodzinski, T.A.; Gottesfeld, S.

1993-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

458

Polymers as advanced materials for desiccant applications  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

This research is concerned with solid materials used as desiccants for desiccant cooling systems (DCSs) that process water vapor in an atmosphere to produce cooling. Background information includes an introduction to DCSs and the role of the desiccant as a system component. The water vapor sorption performance criteria used for screening the modified polymers prepared include the water sorption capacity from 5% to 80% relative humidity (R.H.), isotherm shape, and rate of adsorption and desorption. Measurements are presented for the sorption performance of modified polymeric advanced desiccant materials with the quartz crystal microbalance. Isotherms of polystyrene sulfonic acid (PSSA) taken over a 5-month period show that the material has a dramatic loss in capacity and that the isotherm shape is time dependent. The adsorption and desorption kinetics for PSSA and all the ionic salts of it studied are easily fast enough for commercial DCS applications with a wheel rotation speed of 6 min per revolution. Future activities for the project are addressed, and a 5-year summary of the project is included as Appendix A. 34 refs., 20 figs., 3 tabs.

Czanderna, A.W.

1990-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

459

"Smart" Multifunctional Polymers for Enhanced Oil Recovery  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Herein we report the synthesis and solution characterization of a novel series of AB diblock copolymers with neutral, water-soluble A blocks comprised of N,N-dimethylacrylamide (DMA) and pH-responsive B blocks of N,N-dimethylvinylbenzylamine (DMVBA). To our knowledge, this represents the first example of an acrylamido-styrenic block copolymer prepared directly in homogeneous aqueous solution. The best blocking order (using polyDMA as a macro-CTA) was shown to yield well-defined block copolymers with minimal homopolymer impurity. Reversible aggregation of these block copolymers in aqueous media was studied by {sup 1}H NMR spectroscopy and dynamic light scattering. Finally, an example of core-crosslinked micelles was demonstrated by the addition of a difunctional crosslinking agent to a micellar solution of the parent block copolymer. Our ability to form micelles directly in water that are responsive to pH represents an important milestone in developing ''smart'' multifunctional polymers that have potential for oil mobilization in Enhanced Oil Recovery Processes.

Charles McCormick; Andrew Lowe

2005-10-15T23:59:59.000Z

460

Modifying the organic/electrode interface in Organic Solar Cells (OSCs) and improving the efficiency of solution-processed phosphorescent Organic Light-Emitting Diodes (OLEDs)  

SciTech Connect

Organic semiconductors devices, such as, organic solar cells (OSCs), organic light-emitting diodes (OLEDs) and organic field-effect transistors (OFETs) have drawn increasing interest in recent decades. As organic materials are flexible, light weight, and potentially low-cost, organic semiconductor devices are considered to be an alternative to their inorganic counterparts. This dissertation will focus mainly on OSCs and OLEDs. As a clean and renewable energy source, the development of OSCs is very promising. Cells with 9.2% power conversion efficiency (PCE) were reported this year, compared to < 8% two years ago. OSCs belong to the so-called third generation solar cells and are still under development. While OLEDs are a more mature and better studied field, with commercial products already launched in the market, there are still several key issues: (1) the cost of OSCs/OLEDs is still high, largely due to the costly manufacturing processes; (2) the efficiency of OSCs/OLEDs needs to be improved; (3) the lifetime of OSCs/OLEDs is not sufficient compared to their inorganic counterparts; (4) the physics models of the behavior of the devices are not satisfactory. All these limitations invoke the demand for new organic materials, improved device architectures, low-cost fabrication methods, and better understanding of device physics. For OSCs, we attempted to improve the PCE by modifying the interlayer between active layer/metal. We found that ethylene glycol (EG) treated poly(3,4-ethylenedioxythiophene): polystyrenesulfonate (PEDOT: PSS) improves hole collection at the metal/polymer interface, furthermore it also affects the growth of the poly(3- hexylthiophene) (P3HT):phenyl-C61-butyric acid methyl ester (PCBM) blends, making the phase segregation more favorable for charge collection. We then studied organic/inorganic tandem cells. We also investigated the effect of a thin LiF layer on the hole-collection of copper phthalocyanine (CuPc)/C70-based small molecular OSCs. A thin LiF layer serves typically as the electron injection layer in OLEDs and electron collection interlayer in the OSCs. However, several reports showed that it can also assist in holeinjection in OLEDs. Here we first demonstrate that it assists hole-collection in OSCs, which is more obvious after air-plasma treatment, and explore this intriguing dual role. For OLEDs, we focus on solution processing methods to fabricate highly efficient phosphorescent OLEDs. First, we investigated OLEDs with a polymer host matrix, and enhanced charge injection by adding hole- and electron-transport materials into the system. We also applied a hole-blocking and electron-transport material to prevent luminescence quenching by the cathode. Finally, we substituted the polymer host by a small molecule, to achieve more efficient solution processed small molecular OLEDs (SMOLEDs); this approach is cost-effective in comparison to the more common vacuum thermal evaporation. All these studies help us to better understand the underlying relationship between the organic semiconductor materials and the OSCs and OLEDs’ performance and will subsequently assist in further enhancing the efficiencies of OSCs and OLEDs. With better efficiency and longer lifetime, the OSCs and OLEDs will be competitive with their inorganic counterparts.

Xiao, Teng

2012-04-27T23:59:59.000Z

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461

Performance evaluation of starch based polymer for enhanced oil recovery  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Ever since the first petroleum well was drilled, water production has been a deterring force in maximizing an oilfield's hydrocarbon reserves. To satisfy the ever increasing global demand for petroleum, many different techniques for enhancing oil recovery have been investigated. One such technique is the application of a polymer solution to the near-wellbore area. The polymer solution lowers the relative permeability of the reservoir water thus increasing the amount of water left in formation. Although polymers can be beneficial, many environmental and economical concerns are also associated with their use. A starch based polymer would provide an environmentally harmless solution while using readily available and inexpensive agricultural products such as grains and cereals. This study uses numerical simulation to analyze the starch based polymer's performance in the near-wellbore area. Simulations are performed on two separate single-well, radial models. The first model covers a water influx at the circumferential edge of a reservoir, the second covers water influx from the bottom of a reservoir. Two different rock samples are adapted to each single-well model. The two rock samples are the Elgin and Okesa Sandstones. Within the models, a multitude of reservoir conditions are investigated to better evaluate the polymer's ability to enhance oil recovery. The Western Atlas' VIP simulator is used for this study. Application of the starch based polymer treatment to the near-wellbore is shown to be an effective agent in enhancing a well's oil recovery. For the edge water influx model, the polymer performed well for a wide range of variables, including penetration depth, production rate, radial permeability, application time, reservoir temperature, perforation interval, aquifer strength, porosity, and bottomhole pressure constraints. The bottom water influx model also produced good results for many of the simulation runs however, the effects of the penetration depth and production rate proved to be the most important factors in a successful polymer treatment. The variables investigated in the bottom water influx model are polymer penetration depth, production rate, permeability ratio, application time, reservoir temperature, aquifer strength, perforation height above the oil/water contact, porosity, and bottomhole pressure constraints.

Skurner, James Andrew

1997-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

462

New Morphological Paradigm Uncovered in Organic Solar Cells  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

New Morphological Paradigm New Morphological Paradigm Uncovered in Organic Solar Cells New Morphological Paradigm Uncovered in Organic Solar Cells Print Wednesday, 27 April 2011 00:00 Organic solar cells are made of light, flexible, renewable materials; they require simple and inexpensive processing steps and could produce an economically competitive and environmentally friendly energy source. Understanding the fundamentals of organic solar cell function is therefore vital to uncovering their maximum potential. Models describing critical device functions such as charge separation and transport often depend on simplistic morphological assumptions, including discrete interfaces between pure electron donor and acceptor materials. In contrast, recent spectroscopy and scattering studies conducted by North Carolina State University and Cambridge University researchers at ALS Beamlines 5.3.2 and 7.3.3 found a substantial amount of molecular mixing between model materials (polymers and fullerenes) currently used in bulk heterojunction (BHJ) organic solar cells. This suggests that the amorphous portions of these devices do not have pure domains, and the paradigm of device operation may need to be refined to accommodate this newly discovered complexity.

463

New Morphological Paradigm Uncovered in Organic Solar Cells  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

New Morphological Paradigm Uncovered in Organic Solar Cells Print New Morphological Paradigm Uncovered in Organic Solar Cells Print Organic solar cells are made of light, flexible, renewable materials; they require simple and inexpensive processing steps and could produce an economically competitive and environmentally friendly energy source. Understanding the fundamentals of organic solar cell function is therefore vital to uncovering their maximum potential. Models describing critical device functions such as charge separation and transport often depend on simplistic morphological assumptions, including discrete interfaces between pure electron donor and acceptor materials. In contrast, recent spectroscopy and scattering studies conducted by North Carolina State University and Cambridge University researchers at ALS Beamlines 5.3.2 and 7.3.3 found a substantial amount of molecular mixing between model materials (polymers and fullerenes) currently used in bulk heterojunction (BHJ) organic solar cells. This suggests that the amorphous portions of these devices do not have pure domains, and the paradigm of device operation may need to be refined to accommodate this newly discovered complexity.

464

New Morphological Paradigm Uncovered in Organic Solar Cells  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

New Morphological Paradigm Uncovered in Organic Solar Cells Print New Morphological Paradigm Uncovered in Organic Solar Cells Print Organic solar cells are made of light, flexible, renewable materials; they require simple and inexpensive processing steps and could produce an economically competitive and environmentally friendly energy source. Understanding the fundamentals of organic solar cell function is therefore vital to uncovering their maximum potential. Models describing critical device functions such as charge separation and transport often depend on simplistic morphological assumptions, including discrete interfaces between pure electron donor and acceptor materials. In contrast, recent spectroscopy and scattering studies conducted by North Carolina State University and Cambridge University researchers at ALS Beamlines 5.3.2 and 7.3.3 found a substantial amount of molecular mixing between model materials (polymers and fullerenes) currently used in bulk heterojunction (BHJ) organic solar cells. This suggests that the amorphous portions of these devices do not have pure domains, and the paradigm of device operation may need to be refined to accommodate this newly discovered complexity.

465

New Morphological Paradigm Uncovered in Organic Solar Cells  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

New Morphological Paradigm Uncovered in Organic Solar Cells Print New Morphological Paradigm Uncovered in Organic Solar Cells Print Organic solar cells are made of light, flexible, renewable materials; they require simple and inexpensive processing steps and could produce an economically competitive and environmentally friendly energy source. Understanding the fundamentals of organic solar cell function is therefore vital to uncovering their maximum potential. Models describing critical device functions such as charge separation and transport often depend on simplistic morphological assumptions, including discrete interfaces between pure electron donor and acceptor materials. In contrast, recent spectroscopy and scattering studies conducted by North Carolina State University and Cambridge University researchers at ALS Beamlines 5.3.2 and 7.3.3 found a substantial amount of molecular mixing between model materials (polymers and fullerenes) currently used in bulk heterojunction (BHJ) organic solar cells. This suggests that the amorphous portions of these devices do not have pure domains, and the paradigm of device operation may need to be refined to accommodate this newly discovered complexity.

466

Morphological Characterization of a LowBandgap Crystalline Polymer:PCBM Bulk Heterojunction Solar Cells  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

2011 WILEY-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim Full paper 1 wileyonlinelibrary.com Adv. Energy Mater. 2011, XX, 1-9 www.MaterialsViews.com www.advenergymat.de 1. Introduction Bulk heterojunction (BHJ) organic photovoltaic (OPV) sys- tems have attracted increasing interest due to their low-cost and potential for highly scalable solution processing. How- ever, achieving efficiencies in excess of 10% is an important milestone in making OPV devices viable economically. While there have been advances in the synthesis of novel low bandgap polymers and block copolymers with tailored morphologies, translating these advances to large scale production mandates understanding the morphology of the active layer developed during processing, the relationship of the

467

Shape-Selectivity with Liquid Crystal and Side-Chain Liquid Crystalline Polymer SAW Sensor Interfaces  

SciTech Connect

A liquid crystal (LC) and a side-chain liquid crystalline polymer (SCLCP) were tested as surface acoustic wave (SAW) vapor sensor coatings for discriminating between pairs of isomeric organic vapors. Both exhibit room temperature smectic mesophases. Temperature, electric-field, and pretreatment with self-assembled monolayers comprising either a methyl-terminated or carboxylic acid-terminated alkane thiol anchored to a gold layer in the delay path of the sensor were explored as means of affecting the alignment and selectivity of the LC and SCLCP films. Results for the LC were mixed, while those for the SCLCP showed a consistent preference for the more rod-like isomer of each isomer pair examined.

FRYE-MASON,GREGORY CHARLES; OBORNY,MICHAEL C.; PUGH,COLEEN; RICCO,ANTONIO; THOMAS,ROSS C.; ZELLERS,EDWARD T.; ZHANG,GUO-ZHENG

1999-09-23T23:59:59.000Z

468

ARM - ARM Organization  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

ARMARM Organization ARMARM Organization Laboratory Partners Nine DOE national laboratories share the responsibility of managing and operating the ARM Climate Research Facility. ARM Group Links Science Board SISC Charter Data Archive Data Management Facility Data Quality Program Engineering Support External Data Center ARM Organization The ARM Climate Research Facility operates field research sites around the world for global change research. Three primary locations-Southern Great Plains, Tropical Western Pacific, North Slope of Alaska-plus aircraft and the portable ARM Mobile Facilities-are heavily instrumented to collect massive amounts of atmospheric measurements needed to create data files. Scientists use these data to study the effects and interactions of sunlight, clouds, and radiant energy, as well as interdisciplinary research

469

Organic aerogel microspheres  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Organic aerogel microspheres are disclosed which can be used in capacitors, batteries, thermal insulation, adsorption/filtration media, and chromatographic packings, having diameters ranging from about 1 micron to about 3 mm. The microspheres can be pyrolyzed to form carbon aerogel microspheres. This method involves stirring the aqueous organic phase in mineral oil at elevated temperature until the dispersed organic phase polymerizes and forms nonstick gel spheres. The size of the microspheres depends on the collision rate of the liquid droplets and the reaction rate of the monomers from which the aqueous solution is formed. The collision rate is governed by the volume ratio of the aqueous solution to the mineral oil and the shear rate, while the reaction rate is governed by the chemical formulation and the curing temperature.

Mayer, S.T.; Kong, F.M.; Pekala, R.W.; Kaschmitter, J.L.

1999-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

470

Treatment of organic waste  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

An organic waste containing at least one element selected from the group consisting of strontium, cesium, iodine and ruthenium is treated to achieve a substantial reduction in the volume of the waste and provide for fixation of the selected element in an inert salt. The method of treatment comprises introducing the organic waste and a source of oxygen into a molten salt bath maintained at an elevated temperature to produce solid and gaseous reaction products. The gaseous reaction products comprise carbon dioxide and water vapor, and the solid reaction products comprise the inorganic ash constituents of the organic waste and the selected element which is retained in the molten salt. The molten salt bath comprises one or more alkali metal carbonates, and may optionally include from 1 to about 25 wt.% of an alkali metal sulfate.

Grantham, LeRoy F. (Calabasas, CA)

1979-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

471

MST: Organizations: Bio: Alex Rosler  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Alex Roesler Alex Roesler Alex is the manager of the Ceramic and Glass organization at Sandia National Laboratories. His organization provides expertise in a variety of materials...

472

ESS 2012 Peer Review - Organic and Inorganic Solid Electrolytes for Li-ion Batteries - Nader Hagh, NEI Corporation  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Organic and Inorganic Solid Electrolytes for Li-ion Batteries Organic and Inorganic Solid Electrolytes for Li-ion Batteries Background & Objectives * Lithium ion batteries widely used in consumer applications Solvent leakage and flammability of conventional liquid electrolytes * Current solid state electrolytes suffer from low ionic conductivity, inferior rate capability, and interfacial instability * Objective of the program is to develop solid state organic and inorganic electrolyte that has enhanced ionic conductivity * PEO based polymer electrolyte has poor room ionic conductivity due to crystallinity * The current program develops a PEO based hybrid copolymer that disrupts crystallization and at the same time provides mechanical integrity Abstract: The use of a solid polymer electrolyte instead of the conventional liquid or gel electrolyte can drastically improve the safety

473

Polymers for hydrogen infrastructure and vehicle fuel systems : applications, properties, and gap analysis.  

SciTech Connect

This document addresses polymer materials for use in hydrogen service. Section 1 summarizes the applications of polymers in hydrogen infrastructure and vehicle fuel systems and identifies polymers used in these applications. Section 2 reviews the properties of polymer materials exposed to hydrogen and/or high-pressure environments, using information obtained from published, peer-reviewed literature. The effect of high pressure on physical and mechanical properties of polymers is emphasized in this section along with a summary of hydrogen transport through polymers. Section 3 identifies areas in which fuller characterization is needed in order to assess material suitability for hydrogen service.

Barth, Rachel Reina; Simmons, Kevin L. [Pacific Northwest National Laboratory, Richland, WA] [Pacific Northwest National Laboratory, Richland, WA; San Marchi, Christopher W.

2013-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

474

JGI - Organization Structure  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Organization Structure Organization Structure clickable organizational chart Dan Rokhsar Genomic Technologies Department Nikos Kyrpides Jeremy Schmutz Plant Program Metagenome Program Igor Grigoriev Fungal Program LBNL Director P. Alivisatos Scientific Advisory Committee JGI Director, Eddy Rubin Deputy Director of Science Programs, Jim Bristow S. Canon NERSC JGI Support Team Ray Turner Operations Department Prokaryote Super Program Genomic Technologies Department Len Pennacchio Microbial Program Tanja Woyke Dan Rokhsar Eukaryote Super Program Susannah Tringe Chia-lin Wei Executive Management DOE JGI Director: Eddy Rubin Deputy of Science: Jim Bristow Deputy of Operations: Ray Turner Deputy of Genomic Technologies: Len Pennacchio Departments Operations Deputy of Operations Ray Turner

475

Nanophosphor composite scintillators comprising a polymer matrix  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

An improved nanophosphor composite comprises surface modified nanophosphor particles in a solid matrix. The nanophosphor particle surface is modified with an organic ligand, or by covalently bonding a polymeric or polymeric precursor material. The surface modified nanophosphor particle is essentially charge neutral, thereby preventing agglomeration of the nanophosphor particles during formation of the composite material. The improved nanophosphor composite may be used in any conventional scintillator application, including in a radiation detector.

Muenchausen, Ross Edward (Los Alamos, NM); Mckigney, Edward Allen (Los Alamos, NM); Gilbertson, Robert David (Los Alamos, NM)

2010-11-16T23:59:59.000Z

476

Random walk models and probabilistic techniques for inhomogeneous polymer chains  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Modeling of polymer chains has received a lot of attention in mathematics. In fact, probabilistic models that naturally arise in statistical mechanics have been widely studied by mathematicians for the very challenging and novel problems that they pose. The physical situation that we consider in this thesis is that of a polymer in the proximity of an interface between two selective solvents, in the case when the interaction of the monomers with the solvents and the interface may vary from monomer to monomer (inhomogeneous polymer). In interesting cases thee is a phase transition between a state in which the polymer sticks very close to the interface (localized regime) and a state in which it wanders away from it (delocalized regime). The mechanism underlying such a transition is an energy/entropy competition. Our task has been to study random walk models of polymer chains with the purpose of understanding this competition in a deep and quantitative way. Despite the fact that the definition of these models is extremely elementary, their analysis is not simple at all, and several interesting questions are still open. In this Ph.D. thesis we present new results that answer some of these questions. The analysis performed has required the application of a wide range of techniques, including large deviations, concentration inequalities, renewal theory, fluctuation theory for random walks. A numerical and statistical study has been performed too. Finally we prove a local limit theorem for random walks conditioned to stay positive.

Francesco Caravenna

2005-11-22T23:59:59.000Z

477

Self-Assembly of Polymer Nano-Elements on Sapphire  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Self-Assembly of Polymer Self-Assembly of Polymer Nano-Elements on Sapphire Self-Assembly of Polymer Nano-Elements on Sapphire Print Wednesday, 25 March 2009 00:00 Self-assembly of polymers promises to vastly improve the properties and manufacturing processes of nanostructured materials, since self-assembly is highly parallel, quite versatile, and easy to implement. Especially promising are novel compounds known as block copolymers, formed by two chemically different polymers that are linked together. Guided patterned arrays have been produced using electron-beam lithographic techniques or nano-imprint lithography, but these methods are painstaking, and they have not yet been able to produce perfect surfaces over large areas. Recently, a group of researchers used faceted surfaces of commercially available sapphire wafers to guide the self-assembly of block copolymer microdomains. Grazing-incidence small-angle x-ray scattering (GISAXS) at ALS Beamline 7.3.3 verified the arrays' quasi long-range crystalline order over arbitrarily large wafer surfaces. It's expected that this new method of producing highly ordered macroscopic arrays of nanoscopic elements will revolutionize the microelectronic and storage industries and perhaps others, such as photovoltaics.

478

Method for polymer synthesis in a reaction well  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A method of synthesis is described for building a polymer chain, oligonucleotides in particular, by sequentially adding monomer units to at least one solid support for growing and immobilizing a polymer chain thereon in a liquid reagent solution. The method includes the step of: (A) depositing a liquid reagent in a reaction well in contact with at least one solid support and at least one monomer unit of the polymer chain affixed to the solid support. The well includes at least one orifice extending into the well, and is of a size and dimension to form a capillary liquid seal to retain the reagent solution in the well to enable polymer chain growth on the solid support. The method further includes the step of (B) expelling the reagent solution from the well, while retaining the polymer chain therein. This is accomplished by applying a first gas pressure to the reaction well such that a pressure differential between the first gas pressure and a second gas pressure exerted on an exit of the orifice exceeds a predetermined amount sufficient to overcome the capillary liquid seal and expel the reagent solution from the well through the orifice exit. 9 figs.

Brennan, T.M.

1998-09-29T23:59:59.000Z

479

Method for polymer synthesis in a reaction well  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A method of synthesis for building a polymer chain, oligonucleotides in particular, by sequentially adding monomer units to at least one solid support for growing and immobilizing a polymer chain thereon in a liquid reagent solution. The method includes the step of: A) depositing a liquid reagent in a reaction well (26) in contact with at least one solid support and at least one monomer unit of the polymer chain affixed to the solid support. The well (26) includes at least one orifice (74) extending into the well (26), and is of a size and dimension to form a capillary liquid seal to retain the reagent solution in the well (26) to enable polymer chain growth on the solid support. The method further includes the step of B) expelling the reagent solution from the well (26), while retaining the polymer chain therein. This is accomplished by applying a first gas pressure to the reaction well such that a pressure differential between the first gas pressure and a second gas pressure exerted on an exit (80) of the orifice (74) exceeds a predetermined amount sufficient to overcome the capillary liquid seal and expel the reagent solution from the well (26) through the orifice exit (80).

Brennan, Thomas M. (San Francisco, CA)

1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

480

[Polymer-in-salt electrolytes]. Annual report and extension proposal  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The research proposed for the current grant consisted of five components, of which the authors have made substantial progress on three and have performed some exploratory work on a sixth for which they present here an argument for extending. The components on which they have made progress are: (1) development of and improvement on the basic polymer-in-salt idea. This will be separated into parts dealing with improvements in salt constitution, and improvements in polymer type, emphasizing the role of anionic polymers; (2) modifications of the polymer-in-salt electrolyte to include the addition of solid particulates to the salt-polymer matrix; and (3) physical measurements. The new component on which they have made some preliminary measurements over the summer period concerns the use of electrolytes developed under the present and other programs for improving the performance of photovoltaic cells. The rationale is that hole/electron separation in semiconductors under irradiation is aided by trapping the holes on a redox species in an adjacent electrolyte solution. The efficiency is proportional to a number of factors not fully understood, one of which is determined by the character of the electrolyte. Since the authors have new types of electrolytes under development, and since solar energy via photovoltaic is an environmentally important aspect of the energy sciences, they felt it was a desirable aspect of materials science to study in a laboratory in Arizona. Achievements in the past year are summarized.

Angell, C.A.

1998-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

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481

Controlling adsorption of semiflexible polymers on planar and curved substrates  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We study the adsorption of semiflexible polymers such as polyelectrolytes or DNA on planar and curved substrates, e.g., spheres or washboard substrates via short-range potentials using extensive Monte-Carlo simulations, scaling arguments, and analytical transfer matrix techniques. We show that the adsorption threshold of stiff or semiflexible polymers on a planar substrate can be controlled by polymer stiffness: adsorption requires the highest potential strength if the persistence length of the polymer matches the range of the adsorption potential. On curved substrates, i.e., an adsorbing sphere or an adsorbing washboard surface, the adsorption can be additionally controlled by the curvature of the surface structure. The additional bending energy in the adsorbed state leads to an increase of the critical adsorption strength, which depends on the curvature radii of the substrate structure. For an adsorbing sphere, this gives rise to an optimal polymer stiffness for adsorption, i.e., a local minimum in the critical potential strength for adsorption, which can be controlled by curvature. For two- and three-dimensional washboard substrates, we identify the range of persistence lengths and the mechanisms for an effective control of the adsorption threshold by the substrate curvature.

Tobias A. Kampmann; Horst-Holger Boltz; Jan Kierfeld

2013-06-20T23:59:59.000Z

482

Solid Polymer Fuel Cell Research Group | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Polymer Fuel Cell Research Group Polymer Fuel Cell Research Group Jump to: navigation, search Name Solid Polymer Fuel Cell Research Group Place London, United Kingdom Zip SW7 2AZ Product The Solid Polymer Fuel Cell Research Group of the Imperial College London is active in a wide range of research into solid polymer electrolyte fuel cells. Coordinates 51.506325°, -0.127144° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":51.506325,"lon":-0.127144,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

483

Organic solvent topical report  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This report is the technical basis for the accident and consequence analyses used in the Hanford Tank Farms Basis for Interim Operation. The report also contains the scientific and engineering information and reference material needed to understand the organic solvent safety issue. This report includes comments received from the Chemical Reactions Subcommittee of the Tank Advisory Panel.

Cowley, W.L.

1998-04-30T23:59:59.000Z

484

Polymer pendant ligand chemistry. 3. A biomimetic approach to selective metal ion removal and recovery from aqueous solution with polymer-supported sulfonated catechol and linear catechol amide ligands  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The design of organic ligands to selectively remove and recover metal ions from aqueous solution is a new and important area of environmental inorganic chemistry. One approach to designing organic ligands for these purposes is to use biological systems as examples for selective metal ion complexation. Thus, the authors report results on the synthesis of several biomimetically important polymer-supported, sulfonated catechol (PS-CATS), sulfonated bis(catechol) linear amide (PS-2-6-LICAMS), and sulfonated 3.3-linear tris(catechol) amide (PS-3,3-LICAMS) ligands that are chemically bonded to modified 6% cross-linked macroporous polystyrene-divinylbenzene beads (PS-DVB) for selective removal and recovery of environmentally and economically important metal ions from aqueous solution, as a function of pH. The Fe{sup 3+} ion selectivity was dramatically shown for PS-CATS, PS-2-6-LICAMS and PS-3,3-LICAMS polymer beads in competition with a similar concentration of Cu{sup 2+}, Zn{sup 2+}, Mn{sup 2+}, Ni{sup 2+}, Mg{sup 2+}, Al{sup 3+}, and Cr{sup 3+} ions at pH 1-3, while metal ion selectivity could be changed at higher pH values in the absence of Fe{sup 3+} (for example, Hg{sup 2+} at pH 3). Rates of removal and recovery of the Fe{sup 3+} ion with the PS-CATS, PS-2-6LICAMS and PS-3,3-LICAMS polymer beads were also studied as well as relative equilibrium selectivity coefficient (K{sub m}) values for all metal competition studies.

Huang, Song-Ping; Li, Wei; Franz, K.J.; Albright, R.L.; Fish, R.H. [Univ. of California, Berkeley, CA (United States)

1995-05-24T23:59:59.000Z

485

Improved Organic Photovoltaics - Energy Innovation Portal  

Solar Photovoltaic Improved Organic Photovoltaics B4 Materials For Organic Semiconductor Applications, Including Molecular Electronics And Organic Photovoltaics

486

Alan J. Heeger, Conductive Polymers, and Plastic Solar Cells  

Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

Alan J. Heeger, Conductive Polymers, and Plastic Solar Cells Alan J. Heeger, Conductive Polymers, and Plastic Solar Cells Resources with Additional Information · Patents · Videos After receiving 'his physics Ph.D. at the University of California at Berkeley in 1961, [Alan J.] Heeger would spend the next 20 years teaching the subject at the University of Pennsylvania - while also designing and then launching one of the nation's premiere scientific think tanks: the Laboratory for Research on the Structure of Matter. Alan J. Heeger Courtesy of Randy Lamb, UCSB It was there in the Penn experimental lab, during the fall and early winter of 1976, that Heeger and two colleagues would first begin to explore the possibility of manipulating "long chains of polymers" with an eye to "altering their properties" so that they could be coaxed into conducting electricity.'1

487

Hydrogen & Fuel Cells - Fuel Cell - Polymer Electrolyte  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Polymer Electrolyte Fuel Cell Research Polymer Electrolyte Fuel Cell Research Xiaoping Wang measures the stability of a platinum cathode electrocatalyst. Xiaoping Wang measures the stability of a platinum cathode electrocatalyst. One of the main barriers to the commercialization of polymer electrolyte fuel cell (PEFC) systems, especially for automotive use, is the high cost of the platinum electrocatalysts. Aside from the cost of the precious metal, concern has also been raised over the adequacy of the world supply of platinum, if fuel cell vehicles were to make a significant penetration into the global automotive fleet. At Argonne, chemists are working toward the development of low-cost nonplatinum electrocatalysts for the oxygen reduction reaction--durable materials that would be stable in the fuel

488

Sudden, "Step" Electron Capture by Conjugated Polymers  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Sudden, "Step" Electron Capture by Conjugated Polymers Sudden, "Step" Electron Capture by Conjugated Polymers Andrew R. Cook, Paiboon Sreearunothai, Sadayuki Asaoka and John R. Miller J. Phys. Chem. A 115, 11615-11623 (2011). [Find paper at ACS Publications] Abstract: Data showing significant time-resolution-limited "step" capture of electrons following radiolysis by 7 - 10 ps electron pulses in a series of different length and different concentration conjugated polyfluorene polymers in tetrahydrofuran (THF) are presented. At the highest concentration, ~48 mM in repeat units for lengths from 20 to 133 fluorenes, ~30% of the electrons formed during pulse radiolysis were captured in the step, with a constant efficiency per repeat unit. Step capture per repeat unit (q = 6.9 M-1) is 60% of the presolvated electron capture efficiency

489

hybrid electric vehicle and lithium polymer nev testing  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

P1.2 - Hybrid Electric Vehicle and Lithium Polymer NEV Testing P1.2 - Hybrid Electric Vehicle and Lithium Polymer NEV Testing James Edward Francfort Advanced Vehicle Testing Activity Idaho National Laboratory P.O. Box 1625, Idaho Falls, ID. 83415-3830 james.francfort@inl.gov Abstract: The U.S. Department of Energy's Advanced Vehicle Testing Activity tests hybrid electric, pure electric, and other advanced technology vehicles. As part of this testing, 28 hybrid electric vehicles (HEV) are being tested in fleet, dynamometer, and closed track environments. This paper discusses some of the HEV test results, with an emphasis on the battery performance of the HEVs. It also discusses the testing results for a small electric vehicle with a lithium polymer traction battery. Keywords: hybrid; neighborhood; electric; battery; fuel;

490

Neutron Sciences - Neutron Scattering Dynamics in Polymer Family  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Neutron scattering characterizes dynamics in polymer family Neutron scattering characterizes dynamics in polymer family Research Contact: Christine Gerstl December 2012, Written by Agatha Bardoel Understanding the interplay between structure and dynamics is the key to obtaining tailor-made materials. In the last few years, a large effort has been devoted to characterizing and relating the structure and dynamic properties in families of polymers with alkyl side groups. Now researchers have used quasielastic neutron scattering to investigate the hydrogen dynamics in poly(alkylene oxide)s with different side-chain lengths at temperatures below, as well as above, the glass transition. The combination of techniques and instruments used is bringing a more complete understanding of multiple contributions to system dynamics. The results

491

Polymer grouts for plugging lost circulation in geothermal wells.  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

We have concluded a laboratory study to evaluate the survival potential of polymeric materials used for lost circulation plugs in geothermal wells. We learned early in the study that these materials were susceptible to hydrolysis. Through a systematic program in which many potential chemical combinations were evaluated, polymers were developed which tolerated hydrolysis for eight weeks at 500 F. The polymers also met material, handling, cost, and emplacement criteria. This screening process identified the most promising materials. A benefit of this work is that the components of the polymers developed can be mixed at the surface and pumped downhole through a single hose. Further strength testing is required to determine precisely the maximum temperature at which extrusion through fractures or voids causes failure of the lost circulation plug.

Galbreath, D. (Green Mountain International, Waynesvile, NC); Mansure, Arthur James; Bauer, Stephen J.

2004-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

492

Estimation of Persistence Lengths of Semiflexible Polymers: Insight from Simulations  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The persistence length of macromolecules is one of their basic characteristics, describing their intrinsic local stiffness. However, it is difficult to extract this length from physical properties of the polymers, different recipes may give answers that disagree with each other. Monte Carlo simulations are used to elucidate this problem, giving a comparative discussion of two lattice models, the self-avoiding walk model extended by a bond bending energy, and bottle-brush polymers described by the bond fluctuation model. The conditions are discussed under which a description of such macromolecules by Kratky-Porod worm-like chains holds, and the question to what extent the persistence length depends on external conditions (such as solvent quality) is considered. The scattering function of semiflexible polymers is discussed in detail, a comparison to various analytic treatments is given, and an outlook to experimental work is presented.

Hsiao-Ping Hsu; Wolfgang Paul; Kurt Binder

2013-03-11T23:59:59.000Z

493

Status of micellar-polymer field tests: another view  

SciTech Connect

Questions are raised concerning the validity of the data and correlations and on choice of field data in correlations described in Petrol. Eng. Nov. 1979 concerning micellar-polymer field tests. The questions concern the use of incomplete field test results, selection of certain field tests and use of correlations obtained from data in 2 cases not presented consistently. This work develops different micellar-polymer field test graphs and conclusions with regard to the amount of surfactant used, correlation of mobility buffer slug size with oil recovery, effect of salinity of the reservoir, and effect of well spacing. The analysis offered indicates that use of micellar-polymer flooding as a means to provide additional energy shows potential, but determining factors for economic success will be reservoir selection and thorough process design. 13 references.

Holm, L.W.

1980-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

494

El Dorado micellar-polymer project - a status report  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The El Dorado Micellar-Polymer Demonstration Project is a cooperative venture between Cities Service Co. and the U.S. Department of Energy. The primary objective of the project is to determine the economic feasibility of improved oil recovery using 2 micellar-polymer processes and to determine the associated benefits and problems of each process. The El Dorado Demonstration Project is designed to allow a side-by-side comparison of 2 distinct micellar-polymer processes in the same field so that the reservoir conditions for the 2 floods are as similar as possible. This report updates the status of the operation of the El Dorado Project from Jan. 1979 through Dec. 1980.

Vanhorn, L.E.

1981-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

495

Haverford Researchers Create Carbon Dioxide-Separating Polymer  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Haverford College Haverford College Researchers Create Carbon Dioxide-Separating Polymer Haverford College Researchers Create Carbon Dioxide-Separating Polymer August 1, 2012 | Tags: Basic Energy Sciences (BES), Chemistry, Hopper Rebecca Raber, rraber@haverford.edu, +1 610 896 1038 gtoc.jpg Carbon dioxide gas separation is important for many environmental and energy applications. Molecular dynamics simulations are used to characterize a two-dimensional hydrocarbon polymer, PG-ES1, that uses a combination of surface adsorption and narrow pores to separate carbon dioxide from nitrogen, oxygen, and methane gases. Image by Joshua Schrier, Haverford College. Carbon dioxide is the primary greenhouse gas emitted through human activities, such as the combustion of fossil fuels for energy and

496

Phosphazene polymer containing composites and method for making phosphazene polymer containing composites  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

The object of the invention is to provide a composite material comprised of phosphazene polymer. A feature of phosphazene-containing composites is their superior stiffness, thermal stability, and hardness which is lacking in more typical composite constituents. An advantage of using phosphazene composites is a wider range of applications, including uses in harsh environments. Another object of the present invention provides a method for producing phosphazene-containing composite materials through a pultrusion process. In brief, these and other objects are achieved by a composite produced by first coating a reinforcing material with an inorganic phosphazene compound and then polymerizing the phosphazene compound so as to confer superior thermal, physical and chemical resistance qualities to the composite. 2 figs., 6 tabs.

Allen, C.A.; Grey, A.E.; McCaffrey, R.R.; Simpson, B.M.; Stone, M.L.

1990-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

497

Conductive Polymer Binder-Enabled Cycling of Pure Tin Nanoparticle  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Conductive Polymer Binder-Enabled Cycling of Pure Tin Nanoparticle Conductive Polymer Binder-Enabled Cycling of Pure Tin Nanoparticle Composite Anode Electrodes for a Lithium-Ion Battery Title Conductive Polymer Binder-Enabled Cycling of Pure Tin Nanoparticle Composite Anode Electrodes for a Lithium-Ion Battery Publication Type Journal Article Year of Publication 2013 Authors Xun, Shidi, Xiangyun Song, Vincent S. Battaglia, and Gao Liu Journal Journal of the Electrochemical Society Volume 160 Start Page A849 Issue 6 Pagination A849 - A855 Date Published 01/2013 ISSN 0013-4651 Abstract Pure tin (Sn) nanoparticles can be cycled in stable and high gravimetric capacity (>500 mAh/g) with a polyfluorene-type conductive polymer binder in composite electrodes. Crystalline Sn nanoparticles (<150 nanometers, nm) were used as anode materials in this study. The average diameter of Sn secondary particles is 270 nm, calculated based on BET surface area. The composite electrodes contain a conductive polymer binder that constitutes 2% to 10% of the material, without any conductive additives (e.g., acetylene black). The electrode containing the 5% conductive binder showed the best cycling performance, with a reversible capacity of 510 mAh/g. Crystallinity of Sn particles gradually degrades during cycling, and pulverization of particles was observed after long-term cycling, leading to the capacity fade. The conductive polymer binder shows advantages over other conventional binders, such as Poly(vinylidene difluoride) (PVDF) and carboxymethylcellulose (CMC) binders, because it can provide electrical conductivity and strong adhesion during Sn volume change.