Sample records for deviation diminishing gradually

  1. Gradual Variation Analysis for Groundwater Flow

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chen, Li

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Groundwater flow in Washington DC greatly influences the surface water quality in urban areas. The current methods of flow estimation, based on Darcy's Law and the groundwater flow equation, can be described by the diffusion equation (the transient flow) and the Laplace equation (the steady-state flow). The Laplace equation is a simplification of the diffusion equation under the condition that the aquifer has a recharging boundary. The practical way of calculation is to use numerical methods to solve these equations. The most popular system is called MODFLOW, which was developed by USGS. MODFLOW is based on the finite-difference method in rectangular Cartesian coordinates. MODFLOW can be viewed as a "quasi 3D" simulation since it only deals with the vertical average (no z-direction derivative). Flow calculations between the 2D horizontal layers use the concept of leakage. In this project, we have established a mathematical model based on gradually varied functions for groundwater data volume reconstruction. T...

  2. Diminishing sensitivity for other-regarding preferences for university undergraduate research fellows

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hill, Sarah Anne

    2013-02-22T23:59:59.000Z

    Because of the pervasiveness of diminishing sensitivity in economics, and because diminishing sensitivity has played such a crucial role in examining behavior toward risk, diminishing sensitivity for other-regarding ...

  3. Proton aurora related to intervals of pulsations of diminishing periods

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    California at Berkeley, University of

    Proton aurora related to intervals of pulsations of diminishing periods A. G. Yahnin,1 T. A are generated because of a cyclotron instability of the anisotropic distribution of ring current ions. Proton precipitation produced by the cyclotron instability can be responsible for proton aurora. Indeed

  4. LAPLACE TRANSFORM ESTIMATES AND DEVIATION INEQUALITIES

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Université Pierre-et-Marie-Curie, Paris 6

    , 60F05, 94A17, 60G42. Key words and phrases. Concentration of product measures, Deviation inequalit

  5. Giant planet formation: episodic impacts vs. gradual core growth

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Broeg, Christopher

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    We describe the growth of gas giant planets in the core accretion scenario. The core growth is not modeled as a gradual accretion of planetesimals but as episodic impacts of large mass ratios, i.e. we study impacts of 0.02 - 1 Earth masses onto cores of 1-15 Earth masses. Such impacts could deliver the majority of solid matter in the giant impact regime. We focus on the thermal response of the envelope to the energy delivery. Previous studies have shown that sudden shut off of core accretion can dramatically speed up gas accretion. We therefore expect that giant impacts followed by periods of very low core accretion will result in a net increase in gas accretion rate. This study aims at modelling such a sequence of events and to understand the reaction of the envelope to giant impacts in more detail. To model this scenario, we spread the impact energy deposition over a time that is long compared to the sound crossing time, but very short compared to the Kelvin-Helmholtz time. The simulations are done in spher...

  6. STATIC ANALYSIS FOR RUBY IN THE PRESENCE OF GRADUAL TYPING MICHAEL JOSEPH EDGAR

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    STATIC ANALYSIS FOR RUBY IN THE PRESENCE OF GRADUAL TYPING MICHAEL JOSEPH EDGAR Department Advisor i #12;STATIC ANALYSIS FOR RUBY IN THE PRESENCE OF GRADUAL TYPING by MICHAEL JOSEPH EDGAR THESIS

  7. Diminishing sensitivity for other-regarding preferences for university undergraduate research fellows

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hill, Sarah Anne

    2013-02-22T23:59:59.000Z

    opponents. There are no simple restrictions that will guarantee diminishing sensitivity in the models suggested by Neilson and Stowe and by Bolton and Ockenfels when the decision-maker is ahead of his opponents. Thus if diminishing sensitivity is a...

  8. COSTS OF WATER TREATMENT DUE TO DIMINISHED WATER QUALITY: A CASE STUDY IN TEXAS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    McCarl, Bruce A.

    COSTS OF WATER TREATMENT DUE TO DIMINISHED WATER QUALITY: A CASE STUDY IN TEXAS David Dearmont Resources Research, 34(4), 849-854, 1998. #12;2 CHEMICAL COSTS OF WATER TREATMENT DUE TO DIMINISHED WATER QUALITY: A CASE STUDY IN TEXAS Abstract The cost of municipal water treatment due to diminished water

  9. Comment on Thompson's "Complexity, Diminishing Marginal Returns and Serial Mesopotamian Fragmentation."

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    White, Douglas R.

    Comment on Thompson's "Complexity, Diminishing Marginal Returns and Serial Mesopotamian and correlations of Thompson's Figure 5 and redraws the figure to highlight the feedback loop versus the large

  10. POLICY FLASH 2015-22 - Federal Acquisition Regulation Class Deviation...

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    POLICY FLASH 2015-22 - Federal Acquisition Regulation Class Deviation POLICY FLASH 2015-22 - Federal Acquisition Regulation Class Deviation DATE: May 8, 2015 TO: Procurement...

  11. A survey of gradual solar energetic particle events L. Barnard1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lockwood, Mike

    accelerated at the site of a solar flare in the solar corona, or particles accel- erated on a shock waveA survey of gradual solar energetic particle events L. Barnard1 and M. Lockwood1 Received 21 a database of 110 gradual solar energetic particle (SEP) events, over the period 1967­2006, providing

  12. Loss Aversion, Diminishing Sensitivity, and the Effect of Experience on Repeated Decisions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yechiam, Eldad

    1 Loss Aversion, Diminishing Sensitivity, and the Effect of Experience on Repeated Decisions Ido and three anonymous reviewers for their valuable suggestions, and Dana Dahan for running the experiments are presented that explore the assertion that loss aversion and diminishing sensitivity drive the effect

  13. What's Happening in Colorado's Aspen Forests? Gradual, longterm changes and recent widespread death of aspen trees

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    What's Happening in Colorado's Aspen Forests? Gradual, longterm changes and recent widespread death of aspen trees The normal development of forests includes changes, with most trees forests experience fire, insect outbreaks, severe winds, or major droughts. All the aspen forests

  14. SOFC Long Term Operation in Pure Methane by Gradual Internal Reforming S. Georgesa

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyer, Edmond

    for 30 minutes, the cell was operated for almost 2000 hours in pure and dry CH4 with a fuel utilization rate of 30 %. Intrinsic gradual degradation of 15 %/1000 h was observed, but no coking occurred

  15. Nonequilibrium Markov processes conditioned on large deviations

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Raphael Chetrite; Hugo Touchette

    2014-10-09T23:59:59.000Z

    We consider the problem of conditioning a Markov process on a rare event and of representing this conditioned process by a conditioning-free process, called the effective or driven process. The basic assumption is that the rare event used in the conditioning is a large deviation-type event, characterized by a convex rate function. Under this assumption, we construct the driven process via a generalization of Doob's $h$-transform, used in the context of bridge processes, and show that this process is equivalent to the conditioned process in the long-time limit. The notion of equivalence that we consider is based on the logarithmic equivalence of path measures and implies that the two processes have the same typical states. In constructing the driven process, we also prove equivalence with the so-called exponential tilting of the Markov process, which is used with importance sampling to simulate rare events, and which gives rise, from the point of view of statistical mechanics, to a nonequilibrium version of the canonical ensemble. Other links between our results and the topics of bridge processes, quasi-stationary distributions, stochastic control, and conditional limit theorems are mentioned.

  16. Deviational analyses for validating regulations on real systems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kelly, Tim

    Deviational analyses for validating regulations on real systems Fiona Polack, Thitima Srivatanakul to the validation of reg- ulations, in the sense of their application of regulations to real systems. Keyword: deviational analysis, dependability, regulation validation 1 Background Regulations are intended to control

  17. Downhole control of deviation with steerable straight-hole turbodrills

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Gaynor, T.M.

    1988-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Advances in directional drilling have until recently been confined to issues that are peripheral to the central problem of controlling assembly behavior downhole. Examples of these advances are measurement while drilling (MWD) and the increasing use of computer assistance in well planning. These were significant steps forward, but the major problem remained. Changes in formation deviation tendencies led to trips to change bottomhole assemblies (BHA's) to cope with the new conditions. There is almost no direct control of deviation behavior. The steerable straight-hole turbodrill (SST) addresses this problem directly, allowing alteration of the well course without the need to trip. The availability of such a system radically changes the way in which directional well planning may be approached. This paper describes the equipment used and the equipment's construction and operational requirements. It discusses the capabilities and current limitation of the systems. Field results are presented for some 300,000 ft (91 500 m) of deviated drilling carried out over 2 years in Alaska and the North Sea. A series of four highly deviated wells totaling 35,000 ft (10 700m) with only three deviation trips is included. The SST is the first deviation drilling system to achieve deviation control over long sections without tripping to change BHA's. Bits and downhole equipment are now more reliable and long-lived than ever, therefore, deviation trips are becoming a major target for well cost saving.

  18. Evaluating the small deviation probabilities for subordinated Levy processes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shi, Zhan

    Evaluating the small deviation probabilities for subordinated L´evy processes Werner Linde and Zhan and Linde [7]) that the small deviation problem for Z is equivalent to the problem of estimating the entropy recent progresses (Samorodnitsky [13], Simon [16]­[17], Ishikawa [3], Li and Linde [8], Lifshits

  19. Large Deviations in the Superstable Weakly Imperfect Bose Gas 1 Large Deviations in the Superstable Weakly Imperfect Bose Gas

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    of the condensate. More interesting for our analysis is a discontinuity of the particle density from #- > 0Large Deviations in the Superstable Weakly Imperfect Bose Gas 1 Large Deviations in the Superstable Weakly Imperfect Bose Gas J.­B. Bru a and V.A. Zagrebnov b a Fakult?at f?ur Physik, Universit?at Wien

  20. The Hero in Contemporary Spanish American Theatre: A Case of Diminishing Returns.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Green, J.R.

    1972-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

    SPRING 1972 19 The Hero in Contemporary Spanish American Theatre: A Case of Diminishing Returns JOAN REA GREEN The traditional role of the mythological hero demands that he follow a standard path of adventure which is a magnification...." The inevitable happens. The waters of the laguna of Collacocha break through fissures in the mountain rock, the tunnel is flooded, and many Indian workers and one of the technicians, Soto, are killed. In Act Three, which takes place five years later...

  1. Physica E 33 (2006) 134138 Investigation of a new modified source/drain for diminished self-heating

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kumar, M. Jagadesh

    2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Physica E 33 (2006) 134138 Investigation of a new modified source/drain for diminished self-heating to that of a silicon-on-insulator SOI MOSFET while the self-heating effects are highly diminished and are similar regions. r 2006 Published by Elsevier B.V. PACS: 85.40.e Keywords: Self-heating; Silicon

  2. 306 IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON DEVICE AND MATERIALS RELIABILITY, VOL. 6, NO. 2, JUNE 2006 Enhanced Breakdown Voltage, Diminished

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kumar, M. Jagadesh

    Breakdown Voltage, Diminished Quasi-Saturation, and Self-Heating Effects in SOI Thin-Film Bipolar characteristics; 2) diminished quasi-saturation; 3) improved reliability against self-heating effect; and 4 of a thin base in LBTs. Index Terms--Breakdown voltage, lateral bipolar transistor (LBT), self-heating

  3. Deviations from Berry--Robnik Distribution Caused by Spectral Accumulation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    H. Makino; S. Tasaki

    2004-03-26T23:59:59.000Z

    By extending the Berry--Robnik approach for the nearly integrable quantum systems,\\cite{[1]} we propose one possible scenario of the energy level spacing distribution that deviates from the Berry--Robnik distribution. The result described in this paper implies that deviations from the Berry--Robnik distribution would arise when energy level components show strong accumulation, and otherwise, the level spacing distribution agrees with the Berry--Robnik distribution.

  4. Device and method for measuring fluid flow in a conduit having a gradual bend

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Ortiz, M.G.; Boucher, T.J.

    1998-11-10T23:59:59.000Z

    A system is described for measuring fluid flow in a conduit having a gradual bend or arc, and a straight section. The system includes pressure transducers, one or more disposed in the conduit on the outside of the arc, and one disposed in the conduit in a straight section thereof. The pressure transducers measure the pressure of fluid in the conduit at the locations of the pressure transducers and this information is used by a computational device to calculate fluid flow rate in the conduit. For multi-phase fluid, the density of the fluid is measured by another pair of pressure transducers, one of which is located in the conduit elevationally above the other. The computation device then uses the density measurement along with the fluid pressure measurements, to calculate fluid flow. 1 fig.

  5. Large deviations principles of Non-Freidlin-Wentzell type

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jaykov Foukzon

    2014-10-22T23:59:59.000Z

    Generalized Large deviation principles was developed for Colombeau-Ito SDE with a random coefficients. We is significantly expand the classical theory of large deviations for randomly perturbed dynamical systems developed by Freidlin and Wentzell.Using SLDP approach, jumps phenomena, in financial markets, also is considered. Jumps phenomena, in financial markets is explained from the first principles, without any reference to Poisson jump process. In contrast with a phenomenological approach we explain such jumps phenomena from the first principles, without any reference to Poisson jump process.

  6. Non-thermal Electrons at the Earth's Bow Shock: A `Gradual' Event

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    M. Oka; T. Terasawa; M. Fujimoto; H. Matsui; Y. Kasaba; Y. Saito; H. Kojima; H. Matsumoto; T. Mukai

    2008-10-24T23:59:59.000Z

    Earth's bow shock is known to produce non-thermal electrons which are generally observed as a `spike' in their flux profile. Here, in this paper, we present an analysis of electron and whistler wave properties for a quasi-perpendicular shock crossing that is supercritical, but subcritical to the so-called whistler critical Mach number, M$^w_{\\rm crit}$, above which whistler waves cannot propagate upstream. We have found that the amplitudes of whistler waves increased exponentially as a function of time prior to the shock encounter, while the suprathermal ($>$ 2 keV) electron flux similarly increased with time, although with differing $e$-folding time scales. Comparison of the electron energy spectrum measured within the ramp with predictions from diffusive shock acceleration theory was poor, but the variation of pitch angle distribution showed scattering of non-thermal electrons in the upstream region. While not finding a specific mechanism to account for the electron diffusion, we suggest that the whistlers seen probably account for the differences observed between this `gradual' event and the `spike' events seen at shocks with no upstream whistlers.

  7. 2015-17 Policy Flash - Class Deviation to DEAR 970.5244-1 | Department...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    5-17 Policy Flash - Class Deviation to DEAR 970.5244-1 2015-17 Policy Flash - Class Deviation to DEAR 970.5244-1 The attached Class Deviation to the DEAR is issued to add the...

  8. Policy Flash 2015-15 Class Deviation FAR Test Programs | Department...

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    5 Class Deviation FAR Test Programs Policy Flash 2015-15 Class Deviation FAR Test Programs DATE: March 6, 2015 TO: Procurement DirectorsContracting Officers FROM: Director...

  9. Policy Flash 2013-64 Acquisition Letter 10 and Class Deviation...

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    4 Acquisition Letter 10 and Class Deviation for Nondisplacement of Qualified Workers Policy Flash 2013-64 Acquisition Letter 10 and Class Deviation for Nondisplacement of Qualified...

  10. Solar Radiation Pressure and Deviations from Keplerian Orbits

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Roman Ya. Kezerashvili; Justin F. Vazquez-Poritz

    2009-04-15T23:59:59.000Z

    Newtonian gravity and general relativity give exactly the same expression for the period of an object in circular orbit around a static central mass. However, when the effects of the curvature of spacetime and solar radiation pressure are considered simultaneously for a solar sail propelled satellite, there is a deviation from Kepler's third law. It is shown that solar radiation pressure affects the period of this satellite in two ways: by effectively decreasing the solar mass, thereby increasing the period, and by enhancing the effects of other phenomena, rendering some of them detectable. In particular, we consider deviations from Keplerian orbits due to spacetime curvature, frame dragging from the rotation of the sun, the oblateness of the sun, a possible net electric charge of the sun, and a very small positive cosmological constant.

  11. Application of the Diminishing Returns Concept in the Hydroecologic Restoration of Riverscapes

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Diefenderfer, Heida L.; Johnson, Gary E.; Skalski, John R.; Breithaupt, Stephen A.; Coleman, Andre M.

    2012-03-17T23:59:59.000Z

    Principles for optimizing the number and placement of ecological restoration actions on rivers and coasts would be useful in project engineering design and program planning. This study demonstrated that the yield of inundated floodplain habitat area from dike breaching conforms to a diminishing returns model. The aggregate effects of establishing hydrologic connections between a tidally influenced main stem river and the floodplain were experimentally examined using a hydrodynamic model. Restoration clusters of size 1, 4, 8, and more, replicated and randomized within the landscape, yielded average wetted floodplain area conforming with an exponential rise to maximum curve2(0.99)r=. Analysis of the average incremental change in floodplain inundation produced per breach showed that opening 25 % of the channels crossing the dike provided the maximum return on investment as measured by wetted area. Midstream breaches yielded 60 % and upstream breaches 2 % of the wetted area produced by downstream breaches. Dike-breach restoration programs therefore can be optimized by strategic determination of the spatial configuration and number of demolitions, though biological factors such as the accessibility of floodplain habitat and total length of channels connected also need to be considered. These findings have implications for cost-benefit analyses in restoration program planning.

  12. DIRECTOR'S REPORT Diminishing quantities of water and their management continue to be a problem for Nebraska . In addition to

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nebraska-Lincoln, University of

    of the Interior, contains eight research projects related to the Water Quantity and Management and Water Quality declines. Management systems have been suggested for the diminishing groundwater supplies. However , effective groundwater management requires technology that can aid in the analysis of various systems

  13. Low-energy magnetic radiation: Deviations from GOE

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Frauendorf, S. [University Notre Dame, IN 46557 (United States); Schwengner, R. [IRP, HZDR, 01328 Dresden (Germany); Wimmer, K. [Central Michigan University, Mt. Pleasant, MI 48859 (United States)

    2014-10-15T23:59:59.000Z

    A pronounced spike at low energy in the strength function for magnetic radiation (LEMAR) is found by means of Shell Model calculations, which explains the experimentally observed enhancement of the dipole strength. LEMAR originates from statistical low-energy M1-transitions between many excited complex states. Re-coupling of the proton and neutron high-j orbitals generates the strong magnetic radiation. LEMAR is closely related to Magnetic Rotation. LEMAR is predicted for nuclides participating in the r-process of element synthesis and is expected to change the reaction rates. An exponential decrease of the strength function and a power law for the size distribution of the B(M1) values are found, which strongly deviate from the ones of the GOE of random matrices, which is commonly used to represent complex compound states.

  14. Large Deviations of Extreme Eigenvalues of Random Matrices

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    David S. Dean; Satya N. Majumdar

    2006-10-23T23:59:59.000Z

    We calculate analytically the probability of large deviations from its mean of the largest (smallest) eigenvalue of random matrices belonging to the Gaussian orthogonal, unitary and symplectic ensembles. In particular, we show that the probability that all the eigenvalues of an (N\\times N) random matrix are positive (negative) decreases for large N as \\exp[-\\beta \\theta(0) N^2] where the parameter \\beta characterizes the ensemble and the exponent \\theta(0)=(\\ln 3)/4=0.274653... is universal. We also calculate exactly the average density of states in matrices whose eigenvalues are restricted to be larger than a fixed number \\zeta, thus generalizing the celebrated Wigner semi-circle law. The density of states generically exhibits an inverse square-root singularity at \\zeta.

  15. Low-energy magnetic radiation: deviations from GOE

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    S. Frauendorf; R. Schwengner; K. Wimmer

    2014-07-07T23:59:59.000Z

    A pronounced spike at low energy in the strength function for magnetic radiation (LEMAR) is found by means of Shell Model calculations, which explains the experimentally observed enhancement of the dipole strength. LEMAR originates from statistical low-energy M1-transitions between many excited complex states. Re-coupling of the proton and neutron high-j orbitals generates the strong magnetic radiation. LEMAR is closely related to Magnetic Rotation. LEMAR is predicted for nuclides participating in the r-process of element synthesis and is expected to change the reaction rates. An exponential decrease of the strength function and a power law for the size distribution of the $B(M1)$ values are found, which strongly deviate from the ones of the GOE of random matrices, which is commonly used to represent complex compound states.

  16. Large deviations of ergodic counting processes: a statistical mechanics approach

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Budini, Adrian A

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The large-deviation method allows to characterize an ergodic counting process in terms of a thermodynamic frame where a free energy function determines the asymptotic non-stationary statistical properties of its fluctuations. Here, we study this formalism through a statistical mechanics approach, i.e., with an auxiliary counting process that maximizes an entropy function associated to the thermodynamic potential. We show that the realizations of this auxiliary process can be obtained after applying a conditional measurement scheme to the original ones, providing is this way an alternative measurement interpretation of the thermodynamic approach. General results are obtained for renewal counting processes, i.e., those where the time intervals between consecutive events are independent and defined by a unique waiting time distribution. The underlying statistical mechanics is controlled by the same waiting time distribution, rescaled by an exponential decay measured by the free energy function. A scale invarianc...

  17. POLICY FLASH 2013-59 Class Deviation (FAR) 19.15, Women-Owned...

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    POLICY FLASH 2013-59 Class Deviation (FAR) 19.15, Women-Owned Small Business (WOSB) Program POLICY FLASH 2013-59 Class Deviation (FAR) 19.15, Women-Owned Small Business (WOSB)...

  18. Policy Flash 2013-31 Class Deviation from the Federal Acquisition...

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    31 Class Deviation from the Federal Acquisition Regulation (FAR) 13.5, Test Program for Certain Commercial Items Policy Flash 2013-31 Class Deviation from the Federal Acquisition...

  19. Simulations of a gradual solar energetic particle event observed by Helios 1, Helios 2, and IMP 8 simultaneously

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Qin, Gang

    2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    In this work, a gradual solar energetic particle (SEP) event observed by multi-spacecraft has been investigated with simulations. Based on a numerical solution of the Fokker-Planck focused transport equation, we obtain the intensity time profiles of SEPs accelerated by an interplanetary shock in the three-dimensional interplanetary space. The shock is treated as a moving source of energetic particles with a distribution function. By fitting the 1979/03/01 SEP event observed by $Helios$ 1, $Helios$ 2, and $IMP$ 8 with our simulations simultaneously, we obtain the best parameters for the shock acceleration strength model. And we also find that the particle perpendicular diffusion coefficient with the level of $\\sim 1\\%-3\\%$ of parallel diffusion coefficient at $1$ AU should be included. In addition, the gradient of SEP fluxes in the decay phase is more sensitive to the shock acceleration strength parameters than that is to the perpendicular diffusion coefficient.

  20. Policy Flash 2014-09 Class Deviation from the Department of Energy...

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    , Security Requirements Policy Flash 2014-09 Class Deviation from the Department of Energy Acquisition Regulation (DEAR) 952.204-2, Security Requirements Questions concerning this...

  1. Fast Track Communication Efficiency and large deviations in time-asymmetric

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Geissler, Phillip

    -state engine. We find in general that the form of efficiency probability distributions is similar to those systems, molecular motors, large deviations in non-equilibrium systems 1. Introduction As engineeringFast Track Communication Efficiency and large deviations in time-asymmetric stochastic heat engines

  2. Maintaining Standards: Differences between the Standard Deviation and Standard Error, and

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    California at Santa Cruz, University of

    Maintaining Standards: Differences between the Standard Deviation and Standard Error, and When to Use Each David L Streiner, PhD1 Many people confuse the standard deviation (SD) and the standard error of the mean (SE) and are unsure which, if either, to use in presenting data in graphical or tabular form

  3. Perception, 1990, volume 19, pages 79-101 The standard deviation of luminance as a metric

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kingdom, Frederick A. A.

    Perception, 1990, volume 19, pages 79-101 The standard deviation of luminance as a metric with periodic luminance profiles, such as gratings, but is not suitable for images consisting of isolated the standard deviation (SD) of the luminances (equivalent to the root mean square, RMS, of the amplitudes) has

  4. Policy Flash 2014-09 Class Deviation from the Department of Energy...

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    Policy Flash 2014-09 Class Deviation from the Department of Energy Acquisition Regulation (DEAR) 952.204-2 Questions concerning this policy flash should be directed to Lawrence...

  5. ccsd-00017207,version1-17Jan2006 Large and moderate deviations principles

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyer, Edmond

    of the iterated logarithm of the recursive density estima- tor was established by Wegman and Davies (1979 of Wegman (1972), Ahmad and Lin (1976), and Carroll (1976). Recently, large and moderate deviations results

  6. Sonic Logging in Deviated Boreholes in an Anisotropic Formation: Laboratory Study

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zhu, Zhenya

    2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Deepwater field development requires drilling of deviated or horizontal wells. Most formations encountered can be highly anisotropic and P- and S-wave velocities vary with propagation directions. Sonic logs acquired in ...

  7. FROM DYNAMIC TO STATIC LARGE DEVIATIONS IN BOUNDARY DRIVEN EXCLUSION PARTICLE SYSTEMS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    developments on the nonequilibrium stationary measures by Derrida, Lebowitz and Speer [4] and the more closely, Derrida, Lebowitz and Speer [4] obtained the explicit form of the rate function for the large deviation

  8. Constraints on adaptation: explaining deviation from optimal sex ratio using artificial neural networks

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    West, Stuart

    Y Keywords: adaptation; artificial neural networks; evolutionary constraints; parasitoid; sex ratio by modelling information acquisition and processing using artificial neural networks (ANNs) evolving accordingConstraints on adaptation: explaining deviation from optimal sex ratio using artificial neural

  9. Advances in modeling gradual solar energetic particle events q Applied Physics Laboratory, Johns Hopkins University, 11100 Johns Hopkins Road, Laurel, MD 20723, USA

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sanahuja, Blai

    Advances in modeling gradual solar energetic particle events q D. Lario * Applied Physics Laboratory, Johns Hopkins University, 11100 Johns Hopkins Road, Laurel, MD 20723, USA Received 19 October 2002; accepted 8 July 2005 Abstract Solar energetic particles pose one of the most serious hazards

  10. Zero Emission Vehicle Program Changes In 1990, California embarked on a plan to reduce vehicle emissions to zero through the gradual introduction of

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gille, Sarah T.

    12/10/01 Zero Emission Vehicle Program Changes In 1990, California embarked on a plan to reduce vehicle emissions to zero through the gradual introduction of zero emission vehicles (ZEVs). Specifically, and in 1998 to allow partial ZEV (PZEV) credits for extremely clean vehicles that were not pure ZEVs

  11. LARGE DEVIATIONS AND THE THERMODYNAMIC FORMALISM: A NEW PROOF OF THE EQUIVALENCE OF ENSEMBLES a

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    LARGE DEVIATIONS AND THE THERMODYNAMIC FORMALISM: A NEW PROOF OF THE EQUIVALENCE OF ENSEMBLES a J The Equivalence of Ensembles In statistical mechanics the problem of the equivalence of ensembles goes back, the microcanonical measures and the grand canonical measures are equivalent; making precise the meaning

  12. Moment-based Uniform Deviation Bounds for k-means and Friends

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wang, Deli

    Moment-based Uniform Deviation Bounds for k-means and Friends Matus Telgarsky Sanjoy Dasgupta are fit to m points by heuristically minimizing the k-means cost; what is the corresponding fit over this mechanism, a soft clustering variant of k-means cost is also considered, namely the log likelihood of a Gaus

  13. High speed cutting with industrial robots: Towards model based compensation of deviations

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stryk, Oskar von

    High speed cutting with industrial robots: Towards model based compensation of deviations Modeling and numerical simulation of the industrial robot with elastic joints Dr.-Ing. M. Stelzer and Prof. Dr. rer. nat, [abele|bauer|weigold]@ptw.tu-darmstadt.de Abstract Application of industrial robots for high speed

  14. Deviational simulation of phonon transport in graphene ribbons with ab initio scattering

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Landon, Colin D.; Hadjiconstantinou, Nicolas G. [Department of Mechanical Engineering, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, Massachusetts 02139 (United States)

    2014-10-28T23:59:59.000Z

    We present a deviational Monte Carlo method for solving the Boltzmann-Peierls equation with ab initio 3-phonon scattering, for temporally and spatially dependent thermal transport problems in arbitrary geometries. Phonon dispersion relations and transition rates for graphene are obtained from density functional theory calculations. The ab initio scattering operator is simulated by an energy-conserving stochastic algorithm embedded within a deviational, low-variance Monte Carlo formulation. The deviational formulation ensures that simulations are computationally feasible for arbitrarily small temperature differences, while the stochastic treatment of the scattering operator is both efficient and exhibits no timestep error. The proposed method, in which geometry and phonon-boundary scattering are explicitly treated, is extensively validated by comparison to analytical results, previous numerical solutions and experiments. It is subsequently used to generate solutions for heat transport in graphene ribbons of various geometries and evaluate the validity of some common approximations found in the literature. Our results show that modeling transport in long ribbons of finite width using the homogeneous Boltzmann equation and approximating phonon-boundary scattering using an additional homogeneous scattering rate introduces an error on the order of 10% at room temperature, with the maximum deviation reaching 30% in the middle of the transition regime.

  15. Rights in Data-Facilities (BESC Deviation) UT-Battelle Contracts Page 1 of 5

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pennycook, Steve

    for other data specifically protected by statute for a period of time; (iii) The right to inspect technical-BESC-oct07.doc Exhibit 9RDF - BESC (BESC Deviation) RIGHTS IN DATA-FACILITIES (BioEnergy Science Center [BESC, or statements, regardless of the media in which recorded, that allow or cause a computer to perform a specific

  16. MHC Class II Tetramers and the Pursuit of Antigen-specific T cells: Define, Deviate, Delete

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Universit de

    1 MHC Class II Tetramers and the Pursuit of Antigen-specific T cells: Define, Deviate, Delete Class II tetramers Corresponding Author: Roberto Mallone, MD Benaroya Research Institute at Virginia secretion and proliferation. The advent of MHC Class II tetramers has added a pivotal tool to our research

  17. Motions and world-line deviations in Einstein-Maxwell theory

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    A. Balakin; J. W. van Holten; R. Kerner

    2000-09-06T23:59:59.000Z

    We examine the motion of charged particles in gravitational and electro-magnetic background fields. We study in particular the deviation of world lines, describing the relative acceleration between particles on different space-time trajectories. Two special cases of background fields are considered in detail: (a) pp-waves, a combination of gravitational and electro-magnetic polarized plane waves travelling in the same direction; (b) the Reissner-Nordstr{\\o}m solution. We perform a non-trivial check by computing the precession of the periastron for a charged particle in the Reissner-Nordstr{\\o}m geometry both directly by solving the geodesic equation, and using the world-line deviation equation. The results agree to the order of approximation considered.

  18. On large deviation properties of Brownian motion with dry friction Yaming Chen 1, # and Wolfram Just 1, +

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Just, Wolfram

    On large deviation properties of Brownian motion with dry friction Yaming Chen 1, # and Wolfram with dry friction, including quantitative measures to characterize deviation from Gaussian behaviour to dry friction as an illustrative example where explicit expressions for the distribution of functionals

  19. hal-00169265,version1-3Sep2007 LARGE DEVIATION FOR RETURN TIMES IN OPEN SETS FOR

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyer, Edmond

    -times into A satisfies a LDP for the measure µ near the average. A powerful method in Large Deviation Theory is to provehal-00169265,version1-3Sep2007 LARGE DEVIATION FOR RETURN TIMES IN OPEN SETS FOR AXIOM, we prove a Large devi- ation result for the sequence of successive return times into a fixed open set

  20. Policy Flash 2015-04 - Class Deviation: Min Wage | Department of Energy

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742 33 1112011 Strategic2 OPAM615_CostNSAR - T enAmount for Individual Executive4 - Class Deviation: Min

  1. SCALING DEVIATIONS F O R NEUTRINO REACTIONS IN AYSMPTOTICALLY FREE FIELD THEORIES*

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level:Energy: Grid Integration Redefining What's PossibleRadiation Protection245C Unlimited Release PrintedDEVIATIONS F O R NEUTRINO REACTIONS IN

  2. Microsoft Word - Flash2006-47DeviatedClauseII.doc | Department of Energy

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742Energy China 2015of 2005 atthe DistrictIndependent Research AssessmentofFlash2006-47 Deviated

  3. Device and method for measuring multi-phase fluid flow and density of fluid in a conduit having a gradual bend

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Ortiz, M.G.; Boucher, T.J.

    1998-10-27T23:59:59.000Z

    A system is described for measuring fluid flow in a conduit having a gradual bend or arc, and a straight section. The system includes pressure transducers, one or more disposed in the conduit on the outside of the arc, and one disposed in the conduit in a straight section thereof. The pressure transducers measure the pressure of fluid in the conduit at the locations of the pressure transducers and this information is used by a computational device to calculate fluid flow rate in the conduit. For multi-phase fluid, the density of the fluid is measured by another pair of pressure transducers, one of which is located in the conduit elevationally above the other. The computation device then uses the density measurement along with the fluid pressure measurements, to calculate fluid flow. 1 fig.

  4. Attacks exploiting deviation of mean photon number in quantum key distribution and coin tossing

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shihan Sajeed; Igor Radchenko; Sarah Kaiser; Jean-Philippe Bourgoin; Anna Pappa; Laurent Monat; Matthieu Legre; Vadim Makarov

    2015-03-30T23:59:59.000Z

    The security of quantum communication using a weak coherent source requires an accurate knowledge of the source's mean photon number. Finite calibration precision or an active manipulation by an attacker may cause the actual emitted photon number to deviate from the known value. We model effects of this deviation on the security of three quantum communication protocols: the Bennett-Brassard 1984 (BB84) quantum key distribution (QKD) protocol without decoy states, Scarani-Acin-Ribordy-Gisin 2004 (SARG04) QKD protocol, and a coin-tossing protocol. For QKD, we model both a strong attack using technology possible in principle, and a realistic attack bounded by today's technology. To maintain the mean photon number in two-way systems, such as plug-and-play and relativistic quantum cryptography schemes, bright pulse energy incoming from the communication channel must be monitored. Implementation of a monitoring detector has largely been ignored so far, except for ID Quantique's commercial QKD system Clavis2. We scrutinize this implementation for security problems, and show that designing a hack-proof pulse-energy-measuring detector is far from trivial. Indeed the first implementation has three serious flaws confirmed experimentally, each of which may be exploited in a cleverly constructed Trojan-horse attack. We discuss requirements for a loophole-free implementation of the monitoring detector.

  5. Particle dynamics and deviation effects in the field of a strong electromagnetic wave

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Donato Bini; Andrea Geralico; Maria Haney; Antonello Ortolan

    2014-08-23T23:59:59.000Z

    Some strong field effects on test particle motion associated with the propagation of a plane electromagnetic wave in the exact theory of general relativity are investigated. Two different profiles of the associated radiation flux are considered in comparison, corresponding to either constant or oscillating electric and magnetic fields with respect to a natural family of observers. These are the most common situations to be experimentally explored, and have a well known counterpart in the flat spacetime limit. The resulting line elements are determined by a single metric function, which turns out to be expressed in terms of standard trigonometric functions in the case of a constant radiation flux, and in terms of special functions in the case of oscillating flux, leading to different features of test particle motion. The world line deviation between both uncharged and charged particles on different spacetime trajectories due to the combined effect of gravitational and electromagnetic forces is studied. The interaction of charged particles with the background radiation field is also discussed through a general relativistic description of the inverse Compton effect. Motion as well as deviation effects on particles endowed with spin are studied too. Special situations may occur in which the direction of the spin vector change during the interaction, leading to obsevables effects like spin-flip.

  6. Why not only electric discharge but even a minimum charge on the surface of highly sensitive explosives can catalyze their gradual exothermic decomposition and how a cloud of unipolar charged explosive particles turns into ball lightning

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Meshcheryakov, Oleg

    2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Even a single excess electron or ion migrating on the surface of sensitive explosives can catalyze their gradual exothermic decomposition. Mechanisms underlying such a charge-induced gradual thermal decomposition of highly sensitive explosives can be different. If sensitive explosive is a polar liquid, intense charge-dipole attraction between excess surface charges and surrounding explosive molecules can result in repetitive attempts of solvation of these charges by polar explosive molecules. Every attempt of such uncompleted nonequilibrium solvation causes local exothermic decomposition of thermolabile polar molecules accompanied by further thermal jumping unsolvated excess charges to new surface sites. Thus, ionized mobile hot spots emerge on charged explosive surface. Stochastic migration of ionized hot spots on explosive surface causes gradual exothermic decomposition of the whole mass of the polar explosive. The similar gradual charge-catalyzed exothermic decomposition of both polar and nonpolar highly s...

  7. Possible deviation from the tri-bimaximal neutrino mixing in a seesaw model

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kang, Sin Kyu; Xing Zhizhong; Zhou Shun [School of Physics, Seoul National University, Seoul 151-734 (Korea, Republic of); CCAST (World Laboratory), P.O. Box 8730, Beijing 100080 (China) and Institute of High Energy Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, P.O. Box 918, Beijing 100049 (China)

    2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    We propose a simple but suggestive seesaw model with two phenomenological conjectures: three heavy (right-handed) Majorana neutrinos are degenerate in mass in the symmetry limit and three light Majorana neutrinos have the tri-bimaximal mixing pattern V{sub 0}. We show that a small mass splitting between the first generation and the other two generations of heavy Majorana neutrinos is responsible for the deviation of the solar neutrino mixing angle {theta}{sub 12} from its initial value 35.3 deg. given by V{sub 0}, and the slight breaking of the mass degeneracy between the second and third generations of heavy Majorana neutrinos results in a small mixing angle {theta}{sub 13} and a tiny departure of the atmospheric neutrino mixing angle {theta}{sub 23} from 45 deg. It turns out that a normal hierarchy of the light neutrino mass spectrum is favored in this seesaw scenario.

  8. SOURCE REGIONS OF THE INTERPLANETARY MAGNETIC FIELD AND VARIABILITY IN HEAVY-ION ELEMENTAL COMPOSITION IN GRADUAL SOLAR ENERGETIC PARTICLE EVENTS

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ko, Yuan-Kuen; Wang, Yi-Ming [Space Science Division, Naval Research Laboratory, Code 7680, Washington, DC 20375 (United States); Tylka, Allan J. [NASA Goddard Space Flight Center, Code 672, Greenbelt, MD 20771 (United States); Ng, Chee K. [College of Science, George Mason University, Fairfax, VA 22030 (United States); Dietrich, William F., E-mail: yko@ssd5.nrl.navy.mil [Praxis, Inc., Alexandria, VA 22303 (United States)

    2013-10-20T23:59:59.000Z

    Gradual solar energetic particle (SEP) events are those in which ions are accelerated to their observed energies by interactions with a shock driven by a fast coronal mass ejection (CME). Previous studies have shown that much of the observed event-to-event variability can be understood in terms of shock speed and evolution in the shock-normal angle. However, an equally important factor, particularly for the elemental composition, is the origin of the suprathermal seed particles upon which the shock acts. To tackle this issue, we (1) use observed solar-wind speed, magnetograms, and the potential-field source-surface model to map the Sun-L1 interplanetary magnetic field (IMF) line back to its source region on the Sun at the time of the SEP observations and (2) then look for a correlation between SEP composition (as measured by Wind and Advanced Composition Explorer at ?2-30 MeV nucleon{sup 1}) and characteristics of the identified IMF source regions. The study is based on 24 SEP events, identified as a statistically significant increase in ?20 MeV protons and occurring in 1998 and 2003-2006, when the rate of newly emergent solar magnetic flux and CMEs was lower than in solar-maximum years, and the field-line tracing is therefore more likely to be successful. We find that the gradual SEP Fe/O is correlated with the field strength at the IMF source, with the largest enhancements occurring when the footpoint field is strong due to the nearby presence of an active region (AR). In these cases, other elemental ratios show a strong charge-to-mass (q/M) ordering (at least on average), similar to that found in impulsive events. Such results lead us to suggest that magnetic reconnection in footpoint regions near ARs bias the heavy-ion composition of suprathermal seed ions by processes qualitatively similar to those that produce larger heavy-ion enhancements in impulsive SEP events. To address potential technical concerns about our analysis, we also discuss efforts to exclude impulsive SEP events from our event sample.

  9. A new strategy to diminish the 4 V voltage plateau of LiNi{sub 0.5}Mn{sub 1.5}O{sub 4}

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Liu, Guoqiang, E-mail: liugq@smm.neu.edu.cn; Zhang, Lingxi; Sun, Lu; Wang, Lun

    2013-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

    Graphical abstract: The annealed sample LiNi{sub 0.5}Mn{sub 1.5}O{sub 4} cannot eliminate the 4-V voltage plateau completely. The Mg-doped compound LiNi{sub 0.5}Mn{sub 1.45}Mg{sub 0.05}O{sub 4} can effectively diminish the 4 V voltage plateau during charge and discharge process. - Highlights: Mg-doped compound LiNi{sub 0.5}Mn{sub 1.45}Mg{sub 0.05}O{sub 4} was prepared. The 4 V voltage plateau in the chargedischarge curves of LiNi{sub 0.5}Mn{sub 1.45}Mg{sub 0.05}O{sub 4} was diminished. Compound LiNi{sub 0.5}Mn{sub 1.45}Mg{sub 0.05}O{sub 4} exhibited good electrochemical properties. - Abstract: As for spinel LiNi{sub 0.5}Mn{sub 1.5}O{sub 4}, there is 4 V voltage plateau in the chargedischarge profiles. This voltage plateau can be reduced by an annealing process, however it is hard to avoid it completely. In this study, a new strategy of partial substitution for Mn by Mg is applied. There is no 4 V voltage plateau in the chargedischarge profiles of Mg-doped compound LiNi{sub 0.5}Mn{sub 1.45}Mg{sub 0.05}O{sub 4}. This compound exhibits good electrochemical properties which can be used as cathode material of lithium ion batteries. At 1 C rate, it can deliver a capacity of around 129 mAh g{sup ?1} and remain good cycle performance.

  10. Borehole deviation surveys are necessary for hydraulic fracture monitoring Leo Eisner, Schlumberger Cambridge Research, Petr Bulant, Charles University in Prague, Jol H. Le Calvez*,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cerveny, Vlastislav

    Borehole deviation surveys are necessary for hydraulic fracture monitoring Leo Eisner, Schlumberger Not performing accurate borehole deviation surveys for hydraulic fracture monitoring (HFM) and neglecting fracture parameters. Introduction Recently a large number of hydraulic fracture treatments have been

  11. Correlations of Disk and Jet Emission Deviating from the Fundamental Plane

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lin, Da-Bin; Mu, Hui-Jun; Lu, Zu-Jia; Ma, Ren-Yi; Liang, En-Wei

    2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The variability of accretion rate, which is believed to induce the aperiodic variability of X-ray emission from disk, may affect the energy injection into the jet. In this spirit, a correlation between disk emission and jet emission can be formed even if the mean luminosity of disk emission keeps constant. In this work, these correlations are found in the situation that the luminosity of disk emission is variable and kept with a constant mean value. The obtained correlations may be shallower than that of the fundamental plane of black hole activity. In addition, the slope of correlation may increase with increasing observed frequency of jet emission. For the luminosities spacing with three days, the slope of correlation decreases with increasing black hole mass. The deviation of our found correlations from that of the fundamental plane is related to the suppression of variability in the jet emission in comparison with that in the disk emission. This mechanism may work in some sources in which shallower correl...

  12. Large deviations for many Brownian bridges with symmetrised initial-terminal condition

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stefan Adams; Wolfgang Knig

    2006-03-30T23:59:59.000Z

    Consider a large system of $N$ Brownian motions in $\\mathbb{R}^d$ with some non-degenerate initial measure on some fixed time interval $[0,\\beta]$ with symmetrised initial-terminal condition. That is, for any $i$, the terminal location of the $i$-th motion is affixed to the initial point of the $\\sigma(i)$-th motion, where $\\sigma$ is a uniformly distributed random permutation of $1,...,N$. Such systems play an important role in quantum physics in the description of Boson systems at positive temperature $1/\\beta$. In this paper, we describe the large-N behaviour of the empirical path measure (the mean of the Dirac measures in the $N$ paths) and of the mean of the normalised occupation measures of the $N$ motions in terms of large deviations principles. The rate functions are given as variational formulas involving certain entropies and Fenchel-Legendre transforms. Consequences are drawn for asymptotic independence statements and laws of large numbers. In the special case related to quantum physics, our rate function for the occupation measures turns out to be equal to the well-known Donsker-Varadhan rate function for the occupation measures of one motion in the limit of diverging time. This enables us to prove a simple formula for the large-N asymptotic of the symmetrised trace of ${\\rm e}^{-\\beta \\mathcal{H}_N}$, where $\\mathcal{H}_N$ is an $N$-particle Hamilton operator in a trap.

  13. Fluctuation theorem and large deviation function for a solvable model of a molecular motor

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    D. Lacoste; A. W. C. Lau; K. Mallick

    2008-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    We study a discrete stochastic model of a molecular motor. This discrete model can be viewed as a \\emph{minimal} ratchet model. We extend our previous work on this model, by further investigating the constraints imposed by the Fluctuation Theorem on the operation of a molecular motor far from equilibrium. In this work, we show the connections between different formulations of the Fluctuation Theorem. One formulation concerns the generating function of the currents while another one concerns the corresponding large deviation function, which we have calculated exactly for this model. A third formulation of FT concerns the ratio of the probability of making one forward step to the probability of making one backward step. The predictions of this last formulation of the Fluctuation Theorem adapted to our model are in very good agreement with the data of Carter and Cross [Nature, {\\bf 435}, 308 (2005)] on single molecule measurements with kinesin. Finally, we show that all the formulations of FT can be understood from the notion of entropy production.

  14. A COMPARISON OF THE INTENSITIES AND ENERGIES OF GRADUAL SOLAR ENERGETIC PARTICLE EVENTS WITH THE DYNAMICAL PROPERTIES OF ASSOCIATED CORONAL MASS EJECTIONS

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kahler, S. W. [Air Force Research Laboratory, Space Vehicles Directorate, 3550 Aberdeen Ave., Kirtland AFB, NM 87117 (United States); Vourlidas, A., E-mail: AFRL.RVB.PA@kirtland.af.mil [Space Sciences Division, Naval Research Laboratory, Washington, DC 20375 (United States)

    2013-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Gradual solar energetic particle (SEP) events observed at 1 AU are produced by shocks driven by coronal mass ejections (CMEs). Characterizations of the remotely imaged CMEs and of their associated SEP events observed in situ can be used to increase our ability to forecast SEP events and to understand better the physical connections between the two phenomena. We carry out a statistical comparison of the peak intensities Ip20, of 120 western-hemisphere 20 MeV SEP events with those of their associated CMEs observed by the Solar and Heliospheric Observatory/Large Angle and Spectrometric Coronagraph over the past solar cycle. For a subset of 96 events observed with the EPACT instrument on the Wind spacecraft we also compare the SEP 2 MeV peak intensities Ip2, power-law energy spectral exponents {gamma}, total SEP energies Esep, and 2 MeV nuc{sup -1} H/He ratios with CME properties. New analyses of white-light CME images enable us to improve calculations of the CME masses and potential energies and then to determine two values of their kinetic energies based on frontal V (fr) and center-of-mass V (cm) speeds. Despite considerable scatter in the SEP and CME data, the large dynamical ranges of both the SEP and CME parameters allow us to determine statistical trends in the comparisons of the logs of the parameters. Ip2, Ip20, and Esep are significantly correlated with CME kinetic energies, masses, and speeds, while {gamma} trends lower (harder). Those correlations are higher with V (fr) than with V (cm) parameters, indicating a less significant role for the body of the CME than for the CME front in SEP production. The high ratios ({>=}10%) of Esep to CME energies found by Mewaldt et al. are confirmed, and the fits are consistent with a linear relationship between the two energies. The 2 MeV nuc{sup -1} H/He ratios decrease with increasing CME speeds, which may be an effect of shock geometry. We discuss several factors that limit the estimates of both the SEP and CME energies.

  15. Abstract --The Robotic Gait Rehabilitation (RGR) Trainer, was designed and built to target secondary gait deviations in

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mavroidis, Constantinos

    secondary gait deviations in patients post - stroke. Using an impedance control strategy and a linear functional recovery in stroke survivors. Unfortunately, the rehabilitation process is labor intensive, since during swing). To our knowledge, only one robotic device so far attempts to address secondary gait

  16. Why not only electric discharge but even a minimum charge on the surface of highly sensitive explosives can catalyze their gradual exothermic decomposition and how a cloud of unipolar charged explosive particles turns into ball lightning

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Oleg Meshcheryakov

    2013-07-17T23:59:59.000Z

    Even a single excess electron or ion migrating on the surface of sensitive explosives can catalyze their gradual exothermic decomposition. Mechanisms underlying such a charge-induced gradual thermal decomposition of highly sensitive explosives can be different. If sensitive explosive is a polar liquid, intense charge-dipole attraction between excess surface charges and surrounding explosive molecules can result in repetitive attempts of solvation of these charges by polar explosive molecules. Every attempt of such uncompleted nonequilibrium solvation causes local exothermic decomposition of thermolabile polar molecules accompanied by further thermal jumping unsolvated excess charges to new surface sites. Thus, ionized mobile hot spots emerge on charged explosive surface. Stochastic migration of ionized hot spots on explosive surface causes gradual exothermic decomposition of the whole mass of the polar explosive. The similar gradual charge-catalyzed exothermic decomposition of both polar and nonpolar highly sensitive explosives can be also caused by intense charge-dipole attacks of surrounding water vapor molecules electrostatically attracted from ambient humid air and strongly accelerated towards charged sites on explosive surfaces. Emission of electrons, photons and heat from ionized hot spots randomly migrating on charged surface of highly sensitive explosive aerosol nanoparticles converts such particles into the form of short-circuited thermionic nanobatteries.

  17. Infrastructure systems, such as buildings, schools, roads, bridges, water lines, sewage systems, communication systems, and power plants, are a fundamental part of daily life. Both rapid and gradual climate changes can affect

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    and gradual climate changes can affect these systems and have significant impacts on society. Extreme weather infrastructure sector make practical decisions in order to adapt to climate changes and variations systems, communication systems, and power plants, are a fundamental part of daily life. Both rapid

  18. Large-deviation principles, stochastic effective actions, path entropies, and the structure and meaning of thermodynamic descriptions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Eric Smith

    2011-02-18T23:59:59.000Z

    The meaning of thermodynamic descriptions is found in large-deviations scaling of the fluctuations probabilities. The primary large-deviations rate function is the entropy, which is the basis for both fluctuation theorems and for characterizing the thermodynamic interactions of systems. Freidlin-Wentzell theory provides a general formulation of large-deviations scaling for non-equilibrium stochastic processes, through a representation in terms of a Hamiltonian dynamical system. A number of related methods now exist to construct the Freidlin-Wentzell Hamiltonian for many kinds of stochastic processes; one method due to Doi and Peliti, appropriate to integer counting statistics, is widely used in reaction-diffusion theory. Using these tools together with a path-entropy method due to Jaynes, we show how to construct entropy functions that both express large-deviations scaling of fluctuations, and describe system-environment interactions, for discrete stochastic processes either at or away from equilibrium. A collection of variational methods familiar within quantum field theory, but less commonly applied to the Doi-Peliti construction, is used to define a "stochastic effective action", which is the large-deviations rate function for arbitrary non-equilibrium paths. We show how common principles of entropy maximization, applied to different ensembles of states or of histories, lead to different entropy functions and different sets of thermodynamic state variables. Yet the relations of among all these levels of description may be constructed explicitly and understood in terms of information conditions. The example systems considered introduce methods that may be used to systematically construct descriptions with all the features familiar from equilibrium thermodynamics, for a much wider range of systems describable by stochastic processes.

  19. Reliable detection of fluence anomalies in EPID-based IMRT pretreatment quality assurance using pixel intensity deviations

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Gordon, J. J.; Gardner, J. K.; Wang, S.; Siebers, J. V. [Department of Radiation Oncology, Henry Ford Health System, Detroit, Michigan 48202 (United States); Department of Radiation Oncology, Virginia Commonwealth University, Richmond, Virginia 23298 (United States); Department of Radiation Oncology, Weill Cornell Medical College, New York, New York 10095 (United States); Department of Radiation Oncology, Virginia Commonwealth University, Richmond, Virginia 23298 (United States)

    2012-08-15T23:59:59.000Z

    Purpose: This work uses repeat images of intensity modulated radiation therapy (IMRT) fields to quantify fluence anomalies (i.e., delivery errors) that can be reliably detected in electronic portal images used for IMRT pretreatment quality assurance. Methods: Repeat images of 11 clinical IMRT fields are acquired on a Varian Trilogy linear accelerator at energies of 6 MV and 18 MV. Acquired images are corrected for output variations and registered to minimize the impact of linear accelerator and electronic portal imaging device (EPID) positioning deviations. Detection studies are performed in which rectangular anomalies of various sizes are inserted into the images. The performance of detection strategies based on pixel intensity deviations (PIDs) and gamma indices is evaluated using receiver operating characteristic analysis. Results: Residual differences between registered images are due to interfraction positional deviations of jaws and multileaf collimator leaves, plus imager noise. Positional deviations produce large intensity differences that degrade anomaly detection. Gradient effects are suppressed in PIDs using gradient scaling. Background noise is suppressed using median filtering. In the majority of images, PID-based detection strategies can reliably detect fluence anomalies of {>=}5% in {approx}1 mm{sup 2} areas and {>=}2% in {approx}20 mm{sup 2} areas. Conclusions: The ability to detect small dose differences ({<=}2%) depends strongly on the level of background noise. This in turn depends on the accuracy of image registration, the quality of the reference image, and field properties. The longer term aim of this work is to develop accurate and reliable methods of detecting IMRT delivery errors and variations. The ability to resolve small anomalies will allow the accuracy of advanced treatment techniques, such as image guided, adaptive, and arc therapies, to be quantified.

  20. Deviations from ideal nucleation-limited relaxation in high-Ge content compositionally graded SiGe/Si*

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Deviations from ideal nucleation-limited relaxation in high-Ge content compositionally graded SiGe the sudden rise in threading dislocation density in Ge-rich relaxed graded SiGe layers grown at higher growth systems, including relaxed graded SiGe on Si substrates i.e., x Si1-xGex /Si ,1,2 InGaP on GaP substrates

  1. Deviations from tribimaximal mixing due to the vacuum expectation value misalignment in A{sub 4} models

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Barry, James; Rodejohann, Werner

    2010-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The addition of an A{sub 4} family symmetry and extended Higgs sector to the standard model can generate the tribimaximal mixing pattern for leptons, assuming the correct vacuum expectation value alignment of the Higgs scalars. Deviating this alignment affects the predictions for the neutrino oscillation and neutrino mass observables. An attempt is made to classify the plethora of models in the literature, with respect to the chosen A{sub 4} particle assignments. Of these models, two particularly popular examples have been analyzed for deviations from tribimaximal mixing by perturbing the vacuum expectation value alignments. The effect of perturbations on the mixing angle observables is studied. However, it is only investigation of the mass-related observables (the effective mass for neutrinoless double beta decay and the sum of masses from cosmology) that can lead to the exclusion of particular models by constraints from future data, which indicates the importance of neutrino mass in disentangling models. The models have also been tested for fine-tuning of the parameters. Furthermore, a well-known seesaw model is generalized to include additional scalars, which transform as representations of A{sub 4} not included in the original model.

  2. Imprints of deviations from the gravitational inverse-square law on the power spectrum of mass fluctuations

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    M. Sereno; J. A. Peacock

    2006-05-19T23:59:59.000Z

    Deviations from the gravitational inverse-square law would imprint scale-dependent features on the power spectrum of mass density fluctuations. We model such deviations as a Yukawa-like contribution to the gravitational potential and discuss the growth function in a mixed dark matter model with adiabatic initial conditions. Evolution of perturbations is considered in general non-flat cosmological models with a cosmological constant, and an analytical approximation for the growth function is provided. The coupling between baryons and cold dark matter across recombination is negligibly affected by modified gravity physics if the proper cutoff length of the long-range Yukawa-like force is > 10 h^{-1} Mpc. Enhancement of gravity affects the subsequent evolution, boosting large-scale power in a way that resembles the effect of a lower matter density. This phenomenon is almost perfectly degenerate in power-spectrum shape with the effect of a background of massive neutrinos. Back-reaction on density growth from a modified cosmic expansion rate should however also affect the normalization of the power spectrum, with a shape distortion similar to the case of a non-modified background.

  3. A deviational Monte Carlo formulation of ab initio phonon transport and its application to the study of kinetic effects in graphene ribbons

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Landon, Colin Donald

    2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    We present a deviational Monte Carlo method for solving the Boltzmann equation for phonon transport subject to the linearized ab initio 3-phonon scattering operator. Phonon dispersion relations and transition rates are ...

  4. Global optimization of data quality checks on 2-D and 3-D networks of GPR cross-well tomographic data for automatic correction of unknown well deviations

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Sassen, D. S.; Peterson, J. E.

    2010-03-15T23:59:59.000Z

    Significant errors related to poor time zero estimation, well deviation or mislocation of the transmitter (TX) and receiver (RX) stations can render even the most sophisticated modeling and inversion routine useless. Previous examples of methods for the analysis and correction of data errors in geophysical tomography include the works of Maurer and Green (1997), Squires et al. (1992) and Peterson (2001). Here we follow the analysis and techniques of Peterson (2001) for data quality control and error correction. Through our data acquisition and quality control procedures we have very accurate control on the surface locations of wells, the travel distance of both the transmitter and receiver within the boreholes, and the change in apparent zero time. However, we often have poor control on well deviations, either because of economic constraints or the nature of the borehole itself prevented the acquisition of well deviation logs. Also, well deviation logs can sometimes have significant errors. Problems with borehole deviations can be diagnosed prior to inversion of travel-time tomography data sets by plotting the apparent velocity of a straight ray connecting a transmitter (TX) to a receiver (RX) against the take-off angle of the ray. Issues with the time-zero pick or distances between wells appear as symmetric smiles or frown in these QC plots. Well deviation or dipping-strong anisotropy will result in an asymmetric correlation between apparent velocity and take-off angle (Figure 1-B). In addition, when a network of interconnected GPR tomography data is available, one has the additional quality constraint of insuring that there is continuity in velocity between immediately adjacent tomograms. A sudden shift in the mean velocity indicates that either position deviations are present or there is a shift in the pick times. Small errors in well geometry may be effectively treated during inversion by including weighting, or relaxation, parameters into the inversion (e.g. Bautu et al., 2006). In the technique of algebraic reconstruction tomography (ART), which is used herein for the travel time inversion (Peterson et al., 1985), a small relaxation parameter will smooth imaging artifacts caused by data errors at the expense of resolution and contrast (Figure 2). However, large data errors such as unaccounted well deviations cannot be adequately suppressed through inversion weighting schemes. Previously, problems with tomograms were treated manually. However, in large data sets and/or networks of data sets, trial and error changes to well geometries become increasingly difficult and ineffective. Mislocation of the transmitter and receiver stations of GPR cross-well tomography data sets can lead to serious imaging artifacts if not accounted for prior to inversion. Previously, problems with tomograms have been treated manually prior to inversion. In large data sets and/or networks of tomographic data sets, trial and error changes to well geometries become increasingly difficult and ineffective. Our approach is to use cross-well data quality checks and a simplified model of borehole deviation with particle swarm optimization (PSO) to automatically correct for source and receiver locations prior to tomographic inversion. We present a simple model of well deviation, which is designed to minimize potential corruption of actual data trends. We also provide quantitative quality control measures based on minimizing correlations between take-off angle and apparent velocity, and a quality check on the continuity of velocity between adjacent wells. This methodology is shown to be accurate and robust for simple 2-D synthetic test cases. Plus, we demonstrate the method on actual field data where it is compared to deviation logs. This study shows the promise for automatic correction of well deviations in GPR tomographic data. Analysis of synthetic data shows that very precise estimates of well deviation can be made for small deviations, even in the presence of static data errors. However, the analysis of the synthetic data and the application of

  5. Large deviations in stochastic heat-conduction processes provide a gradient-flow structure for heat conduction

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Peletier, Mark A., E-mail: m.a.peletier@tue.nl [Department of Mathematics and Computer Science and Institute for Complex Molecular Systems, Technische Universiteit Eindhoven, Postbus 513, 5600 MB Eindhoven (Netherlands); Redig, Frank, E-mail: f.h.j.redig@tudelft.nl [Delft Institute of Applied Mathematics, Technische Universiteit Delft, Mekelweg 4, 2628 CD Delft (Netherlands); Vafayi, Kiamars, E-mail: k.vafayi@tue.nl [Department of Mathematics and Computer Science, Technische Universiteit Eindhoven, Postbus 513, 5600 MB Eindhoven (Netherlands)

    2014-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

    We consider three one-dimensional continuous-time Markov processes on a lattice, each of which models the conduction of heat: the family of Brownian Energy Processes with parameter m (BEP(m)), a Generalized Brownian Energy Process, and the Kipnis-Marchioro-Presutti (KMP) process. The hydrodynamic limit of each of these three processes is a parabolic equation, the linear heat equation in the case of the BEP(m) and the KMP, and a nonlinear heat equation for the Generalized Brownian Energy Process with parameter a (GBEP(a)). We prove the hydrodynamic limit rigorously for the BEP(m), and give a formal derivation for the GBEP(a). We then formally derive the pathwise large-deviation rate functional for the empirical measure of the three processes. These rate functionals imply gradient-flow structures for the limiting linear and nonlinear heat equations. We contrast these gradient-flow structures with those for processes describing the diffusion of mass, most importantly the class of Wasserstein gradient-flow systems. The linear and nonlinear heat-equation gradient-flow structures are each driven by entropy terms of the form -log ?; they involve dissipation or mobility terms of order ? for the linear heat equation, and a nonlinear function of ? for the nonlinear heat equation.

  6. Planning and drilling geothermal energy extraction hole EE-2: a precisely oriented and deviated hole in hot granitic rock

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Helmick, C.; Koczan, S.; Pettitt, R.

    1982-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

    During the preceding work (Phase I) of the Hot Dry Rock (HDR) Geothermal Energy Project at Fenton Hill, two holes were drilled to a depth of nearly 3048 m (10,000 ft) and connected by a vertical hydraulic fracture. In this phase, water was pumped through the underground reservoir for approximately 417 days, producing an energy equivalent of 3 to 5 MW(t). Energy Extraction Hole No. 2 (EE-2) is the first of two deep holes that will be used in the Engineering-Resource Development System (Phase II) of the ongoing HDR Project of the Los Alamos National Laboratory. This phase of the work consists of drilling two parallel boreholes, inclined in their lower, open-hole sections at 35/sup 0/ to the vertical and separated by a vertical distance of 366 m (1200 ft) between the inclined parts of the drill holes. The holes will be connected by a series of vertical, hydraulically produced fractures in the Precambrian granitic rock complex. EE-2 was drilled to a depth of 4660 m (15,289 ft), where the bottom-hole temperature is approximately 320/sup 0/C (608/sup 0/F). Directional drilling techniques were used to control the azimuth and deviation of the hole. Upgrading of the temperature capability of existing hardware, and development of new equipment was necessary to complete the drilling of the hole in the extremely hot, hard, and abrasive granitic formation. The drilling history and the problems with bits, directional tools, tubular goods, cementing, and logging are described. A discussion of the problems and recommendations for overcoming them are also presented.

  7. Tail-constraining stochastic linearquadratic control: a large deviation and statistical physics This article has been downloaded from IOPscience. Please scroll down to see the full text article.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lebedev, Vladimir

    deviation and statistical physics approach Michael Chertkov1 , Igor Kolokolov1,2 and Vladimir Lebedev1,2 1 to be set exogenously. We reconsider the classical approach and suggest two alternatives, resolving and statistical physics approach Contents 1. Introduction 2 2. The deterministic case and LQ optimal control 6 3

  8. Geophysical Prospecting, 2007, 55, 891899 doi:10.1111/j.1365-2478.2007.00654.x Importance of borehole deviation surveys for monitoring of hydraulic

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cerveny, Vlastislav

    of borehole deviation surveys for monitoring of hydraulic fracturing treatments Petr Bulant1 , Leo Eisner2 accepted April 2007 ABSTRACT During seismic monitoring of hydraulic fracturing treatment, it is very common-system geometry derived from microseismic event locations. For common hydraulic fracturing geometries, a 2

  9. melt fraction will be more gradual, reflecting the gradual increase of water solubility in olivine and

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Calov, Reinhard

    . Keppler, D. C. Rubie, Contrib. Mineral. Petrol. 123, 345 (1996). 8. M. Rauch, H. Keppler, Contrib. Mineral. Petrol. 143, 525 (2002). 9. K. Mierdel, H. Keppler, Contrib. Mineral. Petrol. 148, 305 (2004). 10. S. Sci. Lett. 144, 93 (1996). 12. Y.-H. Zhao, S. B. Ginsberg, D. L. Kohlstedt, Contrib. Mineral. Petrol

  10. A Gradual Reawakening: Broadacre City and a New American Agrarianism

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wise, Ella

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Green Development, and Renewable Energy. 2nd ed. AmericanCritical Agrarianism. Renewable Agriculture and Food

  11. Gradual eddy-wave crossover in superfluid turbulence

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    L'vov, Victor S; Rudenko, Oleksii

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    We revise the theory of superfluid turbulence near the absolute zero of temperature and suggest a model with differential approximation for the energy fluxes in the k-space carried by the collective hydrodynamic motions of quantized vortex lines and by their individual uncorrelated motions known as Kelvin waves. The model predicts energy spectra of the hydrodynamic and the Kelvin waves components of the system, which experience a smooth crossover between different regimes of motion over a finite range of scales.

  12. Gradual eddy-wave crossover in superfluid turbulence

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Victor S. L'vov; Sergey V. Nazarenko; Oleksii Rudenko

    2008-07-08T23:59:59.000Z

    We revise the theory of superfluid turbulence near the absolute zero of temperature and suggest a model with differential approximation for the energy fluxes in the k-space carried by the collective hydrodynamic motions of quantized vortex lines and by their individual uncorrelated motions known as Kelvin waves. The model predicts energy spectra of the hydrodynamic and the Kelvin waves components of the system, which experience a smooth crossover between different regimes of motion over a finite range of scales.

  13. Labor Adjustment and Gradual Reform:Is Commitment Important?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Karp, Larry; Paul, Thierry

    1994-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    first best equilibrium (FBE), the open loop equilibrium (PAE relative to the FBE. However, the higher unemployment inand twelve years under FBE. The unemployment trajectories

  14. A Gradual Reawakening: Broadacre City and a New American Agrarianism

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wise, Ella

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    mental health reasons (Beatley 2011, 4). Harvard biologistStephen Kellert, Timothy Beatley, and others. The earlieststress, among other things (Beatley 2011, 4). Environmental

  15. Submitted to OMS Fejer processes with diminishing disturbances ...

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    nurmi

    Russian ]. [7] Nurminski E.A Convergence of the Suitable Affine Subspace Method for Finding the Least Dis- tance to a Simplex, Computational Mathematics and...

  16. Deviation from quark-number scaling of the anisotropy parameter v_2 of pions, kaons, and protons in Au+Au collisions at sqrt(s_NN) = 200 GeV

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    A. Adare; S. Afanasiev; C. Aidala; N. N. Ajitanand; Y. Akiba; H. Al-Bataineh; J. Alexander; K. Aoki; Y. Aramaki; E. T. Atomssa; R. Averbeck; T. C. Awes; B. Azmoun; V. Babintsev; M. Bai; G. Baksay; L. Baksay; K. N. Barish; B. Bassalleck; A. T. Basye; S. Bathe; V. Baublis; C. Baumann; A. Bazilevsky; S. Belikov; R. Belmont; R. Bennett; A. Berdnikov; Y. Berdnikov; A. A. Bickley; J. S. Bok; K. Boyle; M. L. Brooks; H. Buesching; V. Bumazhnov; G. Bunce; S. Butsyk; C. M. Camacho; S. Campbell; C. -H. Chen; C. Y. Chi; M. Chiu; I. J. Choi; R. K. Choudhury; P. Christiansen; T. Chujo; P. Chung; O. Chvala; V. Cianciolo; Z. Citron; B. A. Cole; M. Connors; P. Constantin; M. Csand; T. Csrg; T. Dahms; S. Dairaku; I. Danchev; K. Das; A. Datta; G. David; A. Denisov; A. Deshpande; E. J. Desmond; O. Dietzsch; A. Dion; M. Donadelli; O. Drapier; A. Drees; K. A. Drees; J. M. Durham; A. Durum; D. Dutta; S. Edwards; Y. V. Efremenko; F. Ellinghaus; T. Engelmore; A. Enokizono; H. En'yo; S. Esumi; B. Fadem; D. E. Fields; M. Finger; M. Finger; \\, Jr.; F. Fleuret; S. L. Fokin; Z. Fraenkel; J. E. Frantz; A. Franz; A. D. Frawley; K. Fujiwara; Y. Fukao; T. Fusayasu; I. Garishvili; A. Glenn; H. Gong; M. Gonin; Y. Goto; R. Granier de Cassagnac; N. Grau; S. V. Greene; M. Grosse Perdekamp; T. Gunji; H. -. Gustafsson; J. S. Haggerty; K. I. Hahn; H. Hamagaki; J. Hamblen; R. Han; J. Hanks; E. P. Hartouni; E. Haslum; R. Hayano; X. He; M. Heffner; T. K. Hemmick; T. Hester; J. C. Hill; M. Hohlmann; W. Holzmann; K. Homma; B. Hong; T. Horaguchi; D. Hornback; S. Huang; T. Ichihara; R. Ichimiya; J. Ide; Y. Ikeda; K. Imai; M. Inaba; D. Isenhower; M. Ishihara; T. Isobe; M. Issah; A. Isupov; D. Ivanischev; B. V. Jacak; J. Jia; J. Jin; B. M. Johnson; K. S. Joo; D. Jouan; D. S. Jumper; F. Kajihara; S. Kametani; N. Kamihara; J. Kamin; J. H. Kang; J. Kapustinsky; K. Karatsu; D. Kawall; M. Kawashima; A. V. Kazantsev; T. Kempel; A. Khanzadeev; K. M. Kijima; B. I. Kim; D. H. Kim; D. J. Kim; E. Kim; E. J. Kim; S. H. Kim; Y. J. Kim; E. Kinney; K. Kiriluk; . Kiss; E. Kistenev; L. Kochenda; B. Komkov; M. Konno; J. Koster; D. Kotchetkov; A. Kozlov; A. Krl; A. Kravitz; G. J. Kunde; K. Kurita; M. Kurosawa; Y. Kwon; G. S. Kyle; R. Lacey; Y. S. Lai; J. G. Lajoie; A. Lebedev; D. M. Lee; J. Lee; K. Lee; K. B. Lee; K. S. Lee; M. J. Leitch; M. A. L. Leite; E. Leitner; B. Lenzi; X. Li; P. Liebing; L. A. Linden Levy; T. Lika; A. Litvinenko; H. Liu; M. X. Liu; B. Love; R. Luechtenborg; D. Lynch; C. F. Maguire; Y. I. Makdisi; A. Malakhov; M. D. Malik; V. I. Manko; E. Mannel; Y. Mao; H. Masui; F. Matathias; M. McCumber; P. L. McGaughey; N. Means; B. Meredith; Y. Miake; A. C. Mignerey; P. Mike; K. Miki; A. Milov; M. Mishra; J. T. Mitchell; A. K. Mohanty; Y. Morino; A. Morreale; D. P. Morrison; T. V. Moukhanova; J. Murata; S. Nagamiya; J. L. Nagle; M. Naglis; M. I. Nagy; I. Nakagawa; Y. Nakamiya; T. Nakamura; K. Nakano; J. Newby; M. Nguyen; R. Nouicer; A. S. Nyanin; E. O'Brien; S. X. Oda; C. A. Ogilvie; M. Oka; K. Okada; Y. Onuki; A. Oskarsson; M. Ouchida; K. Ozawa; R. Pak; V. Pantuev; V. Papavassiliou; I. H. Park; J. Park; S. K. Park; W. J. Park; S. F. Pate; H. Pei; J. -C. Peng; H. Pereira; V. Peresedov; D. Yu. Peressounko; C. Pinkenburg; R. P. Pisani; M. Proissl; M. L. Purschke; A. K. Purwar; H. Qu; J. Rak; A. Rakotozafindrabe; I. Ravinovich; K. F. Read; K. Reygers; V. Riabov; Y. Riabov; E. Richardson; D. Roach; G. Roche; S. D. Rolnick; M. Rosati; C. A. Rosen; S. S. E. Rosendahl; P. Rosnet; P. Rukoyatkin; P. Rui?ka; B. Sahlmueller; N. Saito; T. Sakaguchi; K. Sakashita; V. Samsonov; S. Sano; T. Sato; S. Sawada; K. Sedgwick; J. Seele; R. Seidl; A. Yu. Semenov; R. Seto; D. Sharma; I. Shein; T. -A. Shibata; K. Shigaki; M. Shimomura; K. Shoji; P. Shukla; A. Sickles; C. L. Silva; D. Silvermyr; C. Silvestre; K. S. Sim; B. K. Singh; C. P. Singh; V. Singh; M. Slune?ka; R. A. Soltz; W. E. Sondheim; S. P. Sorensen; I. V. Sourikova; N. A. Sparks; P. W. Stankus; E. Stenlund; S. P. Stoll; T. Sugitate; A. Sukhanov; J. Sziklai; E. M. Takagui; A. Taketani; R. Tanabe; Y. Tanaka; K. Tanida; M. J. Tannenbaum; S. Tarafdar; A. Taranenko; P. Tarjn; H. Themann; T. L. Thomas; M. Togawa; A. Toia; L. Tomek; H. Torii; R. S. Towell; I. Tserruya; Y. Tsuchimoto; C. Vale; H. Valle; H. W. van Hecke; E. Vazquez-Zambrano; A. Veicht; J. Velkovska; R. Vrtesi; A. A. Vinogradov; M. Virius; V. Vrba; E. Vznuzdaev; X. R. Wang; D. Watanabe; K. Watanabe; Y. Watanabe; F. Wei; R. Wei; J. Wessels; S. N. White; D. Winter; J. P. Wood; C. L. Woody; R. M. Wright; M. Wysocki; W. Xie; Y. L. Yamaguchi; K. Yamaura; R. Yang; A. Yanovich; J. Ying; S. Yokkaichi; Z. You; G. R. Young; I. Younus; I. E. Yushmanov; W. A. Zajc; C. Zhang; S. Zhou; L. Zolin

    2012-03-12T23:59:59.000Z

    Measurements of the anisotropy parameter v_2 of identified hadrons (pions, kaons, and protons) as a function of centrality, transverse momentum p_T, and transverse kinetic energy KE_T at midrapidity (|\\eta|aerogel Cherenkov detectors in the PHENIX Experiment. The scaling of v_2 with the number of valence quarks (n_q) has been studied in different centrality bins as a function of transverse momentum and transverse kinetic energy. A deviation from previously observed quark-number scaling is observed at large values of KE_T/n_q in noncentral Au+Au collisions (20--60%), but this scaling remains valid in central collisions (0--10%).

  17. ASRS Database Report Set Altitude Deviations

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    be limited. The National Aeronautics and Space Administration and its ASRS current contractor, Booz Allen Hamilton, specifically disclaim any responsibility for any interpretation which may be made by others

  18. Effect of deviation from stoichiometric composition on structural and magnetic properties of cobalt ferrite, CoxFe3-xO4 (x = 0.2 to 1.0)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Nlebedim, I. C.; Snyder, J. E.; Moses, A. J.; Jiles, D. C.

    2012-02-10T23:59:59.000Z

    The effects of deviation from stoichiometric composition on the structural and magnetic properties of cobalt ferrite, Co{sub x}Fe{sub 3-x}O{sub 4} (x = 0.2 to 1.0), are presented. Both CoFe{sub 2}O{sub 4} and Fe{sub 3}O{sub 4} have a spinel crystal structure, and it might be expected that intermediate compositions would have the same structure. However, results show that synthesis via the ceramic method leads to the development of a secondary {alpha}-Fe{sub 2}O{sub 3} phase. Both structural and magnetic properties are altered depending on the concentration of the {alpha}-Fe{sub 2}O{sub 3} phase. Saturation magnetization is at a maximum for the stoichiometric composition (i.e., x = 1.0) and thereafter decreases with x. In attempts to achieve the properties required for application, the ceramic method offers the ability to selectively adjust the concentrations of both CoFe{sub 2}O{sub 4} and {alpha}-Fe{sub 2}O{sub 3} phases.

  19. 069 MCNITORINGTHE GROWTH OF SEODNDARYPRECIPITATES UPON METALSORPTICN CM CLAY MINERALS AND ALUMINUM OXIDES USING X-RAY ABSORPTICN FINE STRUCIURE (XAFS)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sparks, Donald L.

    069 MCNITORINGTHE GROWTH OF SEODNDARYPRECIPITATES UPON METALSORPTICN CM CLAY MINERALS AND ALUMINUM and oxide minerals is typically fast initially, then the rates gradually diminish. In the literature on surfaces of clay minerals and aluminum oxides. #12;

  20. Effect of Residence Time on Ni-Sorption Mechanisms on Clay and Oxide Minerals: An X-ray Absorption Fine Structure (XAFS) Study

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sparks, Donald L.

    Effect of Residence Time on Ni-Sorption Mechanisms on Clay and Oxide Minerals: An X-ray Absorption minerals is typically fast initially, then the rates gradually diminish. In the literature the decline

  1. Liberalizing Capital Flows in India: Financial Repression, Macroeconomic Policy and Gradual Reforms

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kletzer, Kenneth

    2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    2004], Fiscal Policy in India: Lessons and Priorities,analyses of fiscal policy in India include, Pinto andtaxes and regulatory policies in India and across the states

  2. vol 4 | issue 1 | winter 2009 | smithsonian institution green Green Exhibits, Gradually

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mathis, Wayne N.

    institutions may evaluate the impact materials have on environmental life cycles, or make exhibits and are found in textiles and costumes, furniture and industrial machinery, books and papers, recorded sound

  3. MOLECULAR SIEVING ACTION OF THE CELL MEMBRANE DURING GRADUAL OSMOTIC HEMOLYSIS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    MacGregor II, R.D.

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    J. Biochem. 34: 222-235. Saari, J.T. and .1.S. Beck, 1974.Biophys. J. li: 33-45. Saari, J.T. , A.W.G. Jay, and J.S.limited to the work of Saari and Beck (1974) who determined

  4. Non-thermal Electrons at the Earth's Bow Shock: A `Gradual' Event

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Oka, M; Fujimoto, M; Matsui, H; Kasaba, Y; Sait, Y; Kojima, H; Matsumoto, H; Mukai, T

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Earth's bow shock is known to produce non-thermal electrons which are generally observed as a `spike' in their flux profile. Here, in this paper, we present an analysis of electron and whistler wave properties for a quasi-perpendicular shock crossing that is supercritical, but subcritical to the so-called whistler critical Mach number, M$^w_{\\rm crit}$, above which whistler waves cannot propagate upstream. We have found that the amplitudes of whistler waves increased exponentially as a function of time prior to the shock encounter, while the suprathermal ($>$ 2 keV) electron flux similarly increased with time, although with differing $e$-folding time scales. Comparison of the electron energy spectrum measured within the ramp with predictions from diffusive shock acceleration theory was poor, but the variation of pitch angle distribution showed scattering of non-thermal electrons in the upstream region. While not finding a specific mechanism to account for the electron diffusion, we suggest that the whistlers ...

  5. MOLECULAR SIEVING ACTION OF THE CELL MEMBRANE DURING GRADUAL OSMOTIC HEMOLYSIS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    MacGregor II, R.D.

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    CELL-HOLDING DEVICES Centrifuge . Filters CHEMICAL ASSAYSand Fum IN NaCl AND LiCl CENTRIFUGE EXPERIMENTS LOSSES OFRBC's IN NaCl CENTRIFUGE EXPERIMENT . . . . . . . . . .

  6. Predictive maintenance policy for a gradually deteriorating system subject to stress

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    of optimal maintenance strategies for improving system availability, preventing Preprint submitted and preventive. Preventive maintenance itself can be categorized into two classes: systematic preventive preventive maintenance policies based on the a priori statistical knowledge of the system lifetime [3]. CBM

  7. Gradual Release of Strongly Bound Nitric Oxide from Fe2(NO)2(dobdc) |

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742EnergyOnItem NotEnergy,ARMFormsGasReleaseSpeechesHallNot Logged In You mustGlossary A B CCenter

  8. GRADUAL GENERALIZATION OF NAUTICAL CHART CONTOURS WITH A B-SPLINE SNAKE METHOD

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    New Hampshire, University of

    ...............................................................................................37 II. Background Theory...................................................................................................................38 2.1.1 B-spline Curve Definition....................................................................................................................40 2.2.1 Snake Method Definition...............................................

  9. Gradual Engagement: Facilitating Information Exchange between Digital Devices as a Function of Proximity

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Greenberg, Saul

    stages. We explore how techniques differ between personal and semi-public devices, and how the pattern; awareness; proxemic interactions; handhelds; interactive surfaces INTRODUCTION Personal mobile devices (e. That is, as people move and orient their personal device towards other surrounding devices [11

  10. MOLECULAR SIEVING ACTION OF THE CELL MEMBRANE DURING GRADUAL OSMOTIC HEMOLYSIS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    MacGregor II, R.D.

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    ra d' C , (X) JUS d *monomer dimer trimer tetramer monomerdimer *tetramer octamermonomer dimer *tetramer 20.6 f ) 23.6 f ) Hemoglobin

  11. Diminished Defenses In Children May Lead To Increased Susceptibility To Inflammatory Effects of Air Pollutants

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lin, Erina May

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    et al. , Outdoor air pollution and uncontrolled asthma in142-7. Schwartz, J. , Air pollution and children's health.OEHHA), O.o.E.H.H.A. Air Pollution and Children's Health.

  12. Aliasing-diminishing algorithms for perfect reconstruction subband schemes, wavelets and wavelet packets

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lu, Jinghui

    1993-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    be summarized in the following. The subspaces Vf defined by EQ. 2. 9 satisfy: 1. CV, CV, CVjC . 2. close~(U~ezV, ) = L ('R) g. n, ?v, =o 4. V+, ? V, +W, , jCZ 5. f(z)EV, ~f(2z)EV~+, , jEZ A function peLzR is said to generate a multiresolution analysis... relations" of the scaling function and wavelet. On the other hand, since both 4i(2x) and (b(2x ? 1) are in Vr, and V( ? V&&+W&&, there are four l sequences denoted by a sr-, b 2(?ar ? sr. and br ss, kCZ, such that (t((2x ? &) = g (((( 2k'(x ? k) + b( sk...

  13. An Analysis of Motor System Optimization Options- A Question of Diminishing Return on Investment

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wroblewski, R. G.; Herro, M.; Schiebel, S.; Waffenschmidt, D.

    1997-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    was modified from freon to ammonia, which improved the process and saves more than $20,000 annually in electric costs. The boiler controls were replaced and upgraded from pneumatic to electronic resulting in gas savings of an estimated 250,000 therms...

  14. Dynamic Voltage and Frequency Scaling: The Laws of Diminishing Returns Etienne Le Sueur and Gernot Heiser

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Heiser, Gernot

    on the older plat- forms, it actually increases energy usage on the most recent platform, even for highly- duces power consumption, which can lead to significant reduction in the energy required the potential energy savings resulting from DVFS. We analyse this trend by examining the potential of DVFS

  15. Variation Diminishing Transformations: A Direct Approach to Total Positivity and its Statistical Applications

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Brown, Lawrence D.

    of the American Statistical Association, Vol. 76, No. 376 (Dec., 1981), pp. 824- 832 Published by: American Statistical Association Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/2287577 Accessed: 25/03/2010 15:09 Your use of scholarship. For more information about JSTOR, please contact support@jstor.org. American Statistical

  16. An Analysis of Motor System Optimization Options- A Question of Diminishing Return on Investment

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wroblewski, R. G.; Herro, M.; Schiebel, S.; Waffenschmidt, D.

    This paper presents the verified results of a pump system optimization project at a major midwestern brewery. A 150-horsepower "sweet water" pump circulates a glycol/water solution to cool tanks of beer during fermentation. To keep the pump from...

  17. New Rotary Engine Designs by Deviation Function Method

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Warren, Sarah

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Maximum Compression Ratio Appendix B Sealing Index Thecompression ratio and swept area without the conventional limitation on sealing index.

  18. Large deviation theory and applications Application I: The parabolic Anderson

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    of independent, identically distributed random variables. We denote by · the expectation with respect, it is believed that there is a small number of relevant island where the potential takes especially large values, the parabolic Anderson model is intermittent. Throughout, we will assume that the logarithmic moment generating

  19. absolute deviation neural: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Summary: Engineering, University of Osijek, Kneza Trpimira bb, HR-31000 Osijek, Croatia, E-mail: rcupec@etfos.hr 3 Faculty of Electrical Engineering, University of Osijek,...

  20. Large deviations for rough paths of fractional Brownian motion

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Millet, Annie

    limit theorem. Stochastic modeling deals basically with rough path controls. Indeed, the ground-breaking It^o's theory on stochastic differential equations is based on Brownian motion, which has almost surely nowhere differentiable sam- ple paths but only -H¨older continuous ones, with ]0, 1 2 [. Note

  1. Bernstein inequality and moderate deviation under strong mixing conditions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyer, Edmond

    `ede a , Magda Peligrad b 1 and Emmanuel Rio c 2 a Universit´e Paris Est, LAMA, UMR 8050 CNRS, B^atiment Copernic

  2. Deviation probability bounds for fractional martingales and related remarks

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Saussereau, Bruno

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    In this paper we prove exponential inequalities (also called Bernstein's inequality) for fractional martingales. As an immediate corollary, we will discuss weak law of large numbers for fractional martingales under divergence assumption on the $\\beta-$variation of the fractional martingale. A non trivial example of application of this convergence result is proposed.

  3. Periodic deviations about the Schottky line for polyethylene

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Davis, Michael Kent

    1967-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    the two theories, the differential ecuation for the wave equation in tne dielectric region will be transformed by a suitable 11, 16 choice of units to the equation that Guth-Mullin ' have already solved for emission into a vacuum. Finally a brief... in both mod. els. K is the dielectric constant. Comparing Figure 3 with Figure 1, one can see that the potential barrier in the dielectric is very similar to the potential barrier in the vacuum. The Bichardson- Schottky ecuation for emission into a...

  4. Monitoring transient repolarization segment morphology deviations in mouse ECG

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Oefinger, Matthew Blake, 1976-

    2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This thesis details the design, implementation and validation of a system that facilitates partial automation for detection of anomalous repolarization segment morphologies in the ECG of mice. The technology consists of ...

  5. Typical support and Sanov large deviations of correlated states

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    I. Bjelakovic; J. -D. Deuschel; T. Krueger; R. Seiler; Ra. Siegmund-Schultze; A. Szkola

    2007-03-28T23:59:59.000Z

    Discrete stationary classical processes as well as quantum lattice states are asymptotically confined to their respective typical support, the exponential growth rate of which is given by the (maximal ergodic) entropy. In the iid case the distinguishability of typical supports can be asymptotically specified by means of the relative entropy, according to Sanov's theorem. We give an extension to the correlated case, referring to the newly introduced class of HP-states.

  6. 5 Thermodynamics 5.1 Deviations from Equilibrium

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cambridge, University of

    to allotriomorphic ferrite, equivalent to about 0.04 in units of RTM, where R is the Gas Constant and TM the absolute of phase into parts which are attributed to the individual components. This leads to the concept

  7. affecting radioulnar deviation: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    and tools, like the product rule of probability theory, Bayes' theorem, the principle of maximum entropy, and the marginalisation equation, an outline of a method to handle...

  8. Improving Imitated Grasping Motions through Interactive Expected Deviation Learning

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Behnke, Sven

    - cation of robots to human day-to-day tasks is the current lack of flexible learning methods to endow, that greatly accelerates learning while protecting the robot from unpredictable movements at the same time- bersome or even dangerous. The development of autonomous service robots that one day might relieve humans

  9. POLICY FLASH 2015-22 - Federal Acquisition Regulation Class Deviation |

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742 33 111 1,613 122Commercial602 1,39732onMakeEducation ProgramsTour Tracker PIADepartment of

  10. ACCESS TO AND OWNERSHIP OF RECORDS (OCT 2014) (DEVIATION

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742 33Frequently20,000 RussianBy:Whether you're a16-17, 2015 |7 Energy of6 FREEDOM OFAssessment

  11. The ``Domino Theory'' of Gene Death: Gradual and Mass Gene Extinction Events in Three Lineages of Obligate Symbiotic Bacterial Pathogens

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Graur, Dan

    between S. flexneri and Escherichia coli genomes revealed that at least 254 genes have become genome evolution is a very rare phenomenon and so far was only documented in the oxyphototrophic marine

  12. Device and method for measuring multi-phase fluid flow in a conduit having an abrupt gradual bend

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Ortiz, M.G.

    1998-02-10T23:59:59.000Z

    A system is described for measuring fluid flow in a conduit having an abrupt bend. The system includes pressure transducers, one disposed in the conduit at the inside of the bend and one or more disposed in the conduit at the outside of the bend but spaced a distance therefrom. The pressure transducers measure the pressure of fluid in the conduit at the locations of the pressure transducers and this information is used by a computational device to calculate fluid flow rate in the conduit. For multi-phase fluid, the density of the fluid is measured by another pair of pressure transducers, one of which is located in the conduit elevationally above the other. The computation device then uses the density measurement along with the fluid pressure measurements, to calculate fluid flow. 1 fig.

  13. Gradually increase forage as grazing becomes less available. Forage in the form of good-quality hay will

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kane, Andrew S.

    to drink. Most horses prefer water between 45-65o F, so you may need a tank heater on colder days. If your mornings (especially after a frost) is high in water-soluble sugars and puts some horses at risk for founder. Horses should drink 6-10 gallons per day, and the more hay they eat, the more water they need

  14. Motor learning and its sensory effects: time course of perceptual change and its presence with gradual introduction of load

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Malfait, Nicole

    Motor learning and its sensory effects: time course of perceptual change and its presence 2012 Mattar AA, Darainy M, Ostry DJ. Motor learning and its sensory effects: time course of perceptual motor and sensory systems. We showed recently that motor learning leads to changes in the sensed

  15. Hyaluronan suppresses prostate tumor cell proliferation through diminished expression of N-cadherin and aberrant growth factor receptor signaling

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bharadwaj, Alamelu G.; Goodrich, Nathaniel P.; McAtee, Caitlin O.; Haferbier, Katie [Department of Biochemistry, University of Nebraska, Lincoln, NE 68588 (United States)] [Department of Biochemistry, University of Nebraska, Lincoln, NE 68588 (United States); Oakley, Gregory G.; Wahl, James K. [Department of Oral Biology, University of Nebraska College of Dentistry, Lincoln, NE 68588 (United States)] [Department of Oral Biology, University of Nebraska College of Dentistry, Lincoln, NE 68588 (United States); Simpson, Melanie A., E-mail: msimpson2@unl.edu [Department of Biochemistry, University of Nebraska, Lincoln, NE 68588 (United States); Eppley Cancer Center, University of Nebraska Medical Center, Omaha, NE 68198 (United States)

    2011-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Hyaluronan (HA) production has been functionally implicated in prostate tumorigenesis and metastasis. We previously used prostate tumor cells overexpressing the HA synthesizing enzyme HAS3 or the clinically relevant hyaluronidase Hyal1 to show that excess HA production suppresses tumor growth, while HA turnover accelerates spontaneous metastasis from the prostate. Here, we examined pathways responsible for effects of HAS3 and Hyal1 on tumor cell phenotype. Detailed characterization of cell cycle progression revealed that expression of Hyal1 accelerated cell cycle re-entry following synchronization, whereas HAS3 alone delayed entry. Hyal1 expressing cells exhibited a significant reduction in their ability to sustain ERK phosphorylation upon stimulation by growth factors, and in their expression of the cyclin-dependent kinase inhibitor p21. In contrast, HAS3 expressing cells showed prolonged ERK phosphorylation and increased expression of both p21 and p27, in asynchronous and synchronized cultures. Changes in cell cycle regulatory proteins were accompanied by HA-induced suppression of N-cadherin, while E-cadherin expression and {beta}-catenin expression and distribution remained unchanged. Our results are consistent with a model in which excess HA synthesis suppresses cell proliferation by promoting homotypic E-cadherin mediated cell-cell adhesion, consequently signaling to elevate cell cycle inhibitor expression and suppress G1- to S-phase transition.

  16. A discussion of best management practices for the South Esk Catchment: mitigation of a diminished aquatic habitat

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Weaver, Shiloh

    2011-11-24T23:59:59.000Z

    agriculture in order to be placed into conservation programmes. These relationships can be vital to the success of a management plan. The establishment of buffer zones was established an appropriate mitigation measure for the improvement of the aquatic...

  17. Three-Dimensional Seismic Study of Pluton Emplacement, Offshore Northwestern New Zealand

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Seamons, Kent E.

    Taranaki Graben. Offset along these faults is on the order of 10s to over 100 meters. Strata on top 0.7 km of overlying strata. Fault offset gradually diminishes vertically away from the top Gerald Morton (former VP of Pogo Producing Company) and Plains Exploration and Production Company

  18. Size-dependent standard deviation for growth rates: Empirical results and theoretical modeling Boris Podobnik*

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Podobnik, Boris

    , Croatia; Zagreb School of Economics and Management, Zagreb, Croatia; and Center for Polymer Studies of Physics, Faculty of Science, University of Zagreb, Zagreb, Croatia Fabio Pammolli Faculty of Economics

  19. Effects of noise and parameter deviations in a bichromatic Raman white light cavity

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sun, Qingqing; Shahriar, M. Selim; Zubairy, M. Suhail

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    , and K. Danzmann, Phys. Rev. A 66, 053804 (2002). [7] A. Wicht, R.-H. Rinkleff, L. S. Molella, and K. Danzmann, Phys. Rev. A 66, 063815 (2002). [8] B. R. Mollow, Phys. Rev. 188, 1969 (1969). [9] C. Szymanowski, A. Wicht, and K. Danzmann, J. Mod. Opt.... Mueller, D. Reitze, D. B. Tanner, and B. F. Whiting, Classical Quantum Gravity 21, S1031 (2004). [5] M. S. Shahriar, G. S. Pati, R. Tripathi, V. Gopal, M. Messall, and K. Salit, Phys. Rev. A 75, 053807 (2007). [6] A. Rocco, A. Wicht, R.-H. Rinkleff...

  20. Identifying risks and mitigating deviations from fundamentals in investment allocation systems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Valavanis, Stavros Athans

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The effects of the recent financial crisis have been devastating. Its causes are not well understood, but most people agree that incentive structures led to behaviors which are not captured by the standard theoretical ...

  1. Liquid-phase detection instrument to record and annunciate procedural deviations in sintering runs

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Mee, D. K.; Darby, D. M.; Sims, Jr., T. M.

    1981-04-15T23:59:59.000Z

    A liquid-phase detection instrument (LPDI) has been developed to aid in making consistently accurate alloy sintering runs. The LPDI displays the furnace temperature, detects the alloy's liquid-phase arrest temperature, calculates the necessary hold temperature from the arrest temperature (i.e., calibrates the system), and provides a digital record for quality assurance purposes. In field tests, the instrument's detected arrest temperature was within +1/sup 0/ to -0/sup 0/C of an operator's assessment of the actual arrest temperature.

  2. LARGE DEVIATIONS FOR THE LOCAL TIMES OF A RANDOM WALK AMONG RANDOM CONDUCTANCES

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    König, Wolfgang

    .1) This operator is symmetric and generates the continuous-time random walk (X t ) t#[0,#) in Z d , the random walk AND TILMAN WOLFF In some recent publications (see, e.g., [BD10]), the above walk is called variable-speed times of the walk. The speed and the rate function of our principle are explicit in terms of the lower

  3. MODERATE AND SMALL DEVIATIONS FOR THE RANGES OF ONEDIMENSIONAL RANDOM WALKS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chen, Xia

    partially supported by NSF grant DMS0405188. Address: Department of Mathemathics, University of Tennessee

  4. MODERATE AND SMALL DEVIATIONS FOR THE RANGES OF ONE-DIMENSIONAL RANDOM WALKS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chen, Xia

    _________________________ Research partially supported by NSF grant DMS-0405188. Address: Department of Mathemathics

  5. MODERATE AND SMALL DEVIATIONS FOR THE RANGES OF ONE-DIMENSIONAL RANDOM WALKS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chen, Xia

    partially supported by NSF grant DMS-0405188. Address: Department of Mathemathics, University of Tennessee

  6. Policy Flash 2014-28 Updated Class Deviation for FAR 52.209-5...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    Kevin M. Smith, of the Contract and Financial Assistance Policy Division, at Kevin.M.Smith@hq.doe.gov , or at (202) 287-1614. Flash Approps Class Dev 5 2 2014.pdf...

  7. Large deviations for quadratic functionals of Gaussian W/lodzimierz Bryc \\Lambda

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    of Mathematics and Department of Statistics Stanford University Stanford, CA 94 305 amir continuous func­ tionals. Similar results in the discrete­time version are obtained for the energy supported by C.P. Taft Memorial Fund y Partially supported by NSF DMS92­09712 grant and by a US­ISRAEL BSF

  8. Prediction of Formation-Tester Fluid-Sample Quality in Highly-Deviated Wells

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Torres-Verdn, Carlos

    a relatively short period of time. Acquir- ing clean samples is essential to ensure not only reliable, currently with Chevron Energy Technology Company, Houston, TX 77099; Email: mmalik@chevron.com 2009 Society

  9. Large deviations for random walks in a random environment on a strip

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jonathon Peterson

    2013-04-25T23:59:59.000Z

    Apr 26, 2013 ... RWRE on the strip Z {1,2,...,d} x x + 1 x - 1 px(1, 2) rx(3, 5) qx(2, 2). Environment ?x = (qx ,rx ,px ) ? Rdd Rdd Rdd. Jonathon Peterson.

  10. Large deviations for random walks in a random environment on a strip

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2013-02-28T23:59:59.000Z

    Feb 28, 2013 ... We consider a random walk in a random environment (RWRE) on the strip ... For a fixed environment ?, we can define the RWRE starting at (x,...

  11. Deviations from Contractual Priority in the Sale of VC-Back Firms

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Broughman, Brian J.; Fried, Jesse M.

    2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Entrepreneur Management Bonus (%) Public Acquirer VC ageexample, the CEO may demand a bonus payment for completioncompany. Management Bonus (%) records any non-retention

  12. Gyroscope deviation from geodesic motion: quasiresonant oscillations on a circular orbit

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    O. B. Karpov

    2003-01-17T23:59:59.000Z

    General relativistic spin-orbit interaction leads to the quasiresonant oscillation of the gyroscope mass center along the orbital normal. The beating amplitude does not include the speed of light and equals the ratio of the intrinsic momentum of the gyroscope to its orbital momentum. The modulation frequency equals the angular velocity of the geodetic precession that prevents the oscillation from resonance. The oscillation represents the precession of the gyroscope orbital momentum. Within an acceptable time the oscillation amplitude reaches the values that are amenable to being analyzed experimentally. Taking into account the source oblateness decreases the beating amplitude and increases the modulation frequency by the factor that is equal to the ratio of the quadrupole precession velocity to the geodetic precession velocity. The period of the quadrupole precession turns out to be a quite sufficient time to form a measurable amplitude of the oscillation.

  13. Automated identification of terminal area air traffic flows and weather related deviations

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ng, Tony M. Eng. Massachusetts Institute of Technology

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Air traffic in terminal air space is very complex, making it very difficult to identify air traffic flows. Finding air traffic flows and flow boundaries are very helpful in analyzing how air traffic would react to weather. ...

  14. Deviation from power law of the global earthquake seismic moment distribution

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Serra, Isabel

    2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The distribution of earthquake seismic moment is of capital importance to evaluate seismic hazard, in particular regarding the most extreme events. Likelihood-ratio tests let to compare the performance of the most suitable probabilistic models when ?tted to the global CMT catalog. The conclusion is that the truncated gamma model outperforms the power law and the tapered Gutenberg-Richter models, being able to explain the empirical data both before and after the great Sumatra-Andaman earthquake of 2004.

  15. Model for crystallization kinetics: Deviations from KolmogorovJohnsonMehlAvrami kinetics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sánchez, Angel "Anxo"

    development of active matrix-addressed flat- panel displays1 and thin-film solar cells.2 In this context

  16. Decision Making Styles as Deviation from Rational Action A Super Mario Case Study

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Togelius, Julian

    @togelius.com Georgios N. Yannakakis Institute for Digital Games University of Malta Msida, Malta georgios

  17. PREDICTION OF CUTTINGS BED HEIGHT WITH COMPUTATIONAL FLUID DYNAMICS IN DRILLING HORIZONTAL AND HIGHLY DEVIATED WELLS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ullmer, Brygg

    PREDICTION OF CUTTINGS BED HEIGHT WITH COMPUTATIONAL FLUID DYNAMICS IN DRILLING HORIZONTAL parameters such as wellbore geometry, pump rate, drilling fluid rheology and density, and maximum drilling Computational Fluid Dynamics methods. Movement, concentration and accumulation of drilled cuttings in non

  18. Class Deviation Findings and Determination - DEAR 950.7006, Statutory nuclear hazards indemnity agreement

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742 33 1112011AT&T, Inc.'sEnergyTexas1. Feedstock &EnergyDepartmentCityClark Fork River

  19. Policy Flash 2013-31 Class Deviation from the Federal Acquisition

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directed offOCHCO2:Introduction toManagementOPAM5ParabolicDepartment of Energy 27 FederalRegulation (FAR)

  20. CLASS DEVIATION FINDINGS AND DETERMINATION USE OF CLAUSE TO IMPLEMENT EXECUTIVE ORDER 13658,

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742Energy China U.S. Department ofJune 2,The BigSidingState6Report, March

  1. Specification Risk Analysis: Avoiding Product Performance Deviations through an FMEA-Based Method

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wagner, Claudia

    This thesis investigates the potential application of the Failure Mode and Effect Analysis (FMEA) as a method that facilitates risk management for product architectures. The process described by Pahl & Beitz and the Munich ...

  2. Policy Flash 2014-28 Updated Class Deviation for FAR 52.209-5,

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742EnergyOn April 23, 2014, an OHA Administrative Judgea.Work Plan for FY7the

  3. CLASS DEVIATION FINDINGS AND DETERMINATION TO IMPLEMENT AN APPROPRIATIONS PROVISION RELATED TO

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directed offOCHCO OverviewAttachments EnergyFebruary 29 -CAOmemo.pdfPlanningDepartment ofCSCOMERCLASS

  4. Policy Flash 2013-64 Acquisition Letter 10 and Class Deviation for

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742 33 1112011 Strategic2 OPAM615_CostNSAR - T en YMedicineWhatAssistance Letter 2013-03

  5. Policy Flash 2013-64 Acquisition Letter 10 and Class Deviation for

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742 33 1112011 Strategic2 OPAM615_CostNSAR - T en YMedicineWhatAssistance Letter 2013-03Nondisplacement

  6. Policy Flash 2014-09 Class Deviation from the Department of Energy

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742 33 1112011 Strategic2 OPAM615_CostNSAR - T en YMedicineWhatAssistanceNotification of| Department

  7. Policy Flash 2014-09 Class Deviation from the Department of Energy

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742 33 1112011 Strategic2 OPAM615_CostNSAR - T en YMedicineWhatAssistanceNotification of|

  8. Policy Flash 2014-10 Class Deviation DEAR 952.204-02 | Department of Energy

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742 33 1112011 Strategic2 OPAM615_CostNSAR - T en YMedicineWhatAssistanceNotification of|10 Class

  9. Policy Flash 2014-28 Updated Class Deviation for FAR 52.209-5,

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742 33 1112011 Strategic2 OPAM615_CostNSAR - T en

  10. Policy Flash 2015-15 - Class Deviation FAR Test Programs | Department of

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742 33 111 1,613 122Commercial602 1,39732onMakeEducationRemediationDepartmenta

  11. Policy Flash 2015-17 - Class Deviation to DEAR 970.5244-1 | Department of

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742 33 111 1,613 122Commercial602 1,39732onMakeEducationRemediationDepartmentaD, Titles III and V,

  12. Policy Flash 2015-23 - Class Deviation to DEAR 970.5204-3 | Department of

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742 33 111 1,613 122Commercial602 1,39732onMakeEducationRemediationDepartmentaD, Titles IIIEnergy

  13. AL2005-04ClassDeviation.pdf | Department of Energy

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742Energy China 2015ofDepartmentDepartment of Energy-ChapterDepartment

  14. POLICY FLASH 2013-59 Class Deviation (FAR) 19.15, Women-Owned Small

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYouTube YouTube Note: Since the.pdfBreaking ofOilNEWResponse toOctoberMultifamilyDepartment ofBusiness (WOSB) Program |

  15. Policy Flash 2014-09 Class Deviation from the Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYouTube YouTube Note: Since the.pdfBreaking ofOilNEWResponse(Expired)ofand AccessInfromation| Department ofAcquisition

  16. Microsoft Word - Flash2006-47DeviatedClauseII.doc

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742 33Frequently Asked Questions forCheneyNovember S.Fluor-B&W (08-93) United

  17. Microsoft Word - Flash2006-47JulyDeviatedClause.doc

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742 33Frequently Asked Questions forCheneyNovember S.Fluor-B&W (08-93) United970.5227-2 Rights in

  18. Recent HRIBF Research - Deviations from U(5) Symmetry in 116Cd

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level:Energy: Grid Integration Redefining What's PossibleRadiation Protection Radiation ProtectionRaising fundsRealPrintingRecap:Recent Federal.

  19. Microsoft Word - Flash2006-47DeviatedClauseII.doc | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels DataDepartment of Energy Your Density Isn't YourTransport(FactDepartment3311,Official File UnitedTo United TDavid SandalowPropertyMicrosoft

  20. Microsoft Word - Flash2006-47JulyDeviatedClause.doc | Department of Energy

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742Energy ChinaofSchaeferApril 1,(EAC)TABLE OF CONTENTS 1of: ) ) EiKO,Property

  1. Policy Flash 2015-04-Class Deviation: Min Wage | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious Rank EERE: Alternative JC3 RSS September 9, 2013NewsOutreachPage UnderPaul16 Policy Flash 2013-163 CRA4-Class

  2. Policy Flash 2015-15 Class Deviation FAR Test Programs | Department of

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious Rank EERE: Alternative JC3 RSS September 9, 2013NewsOutreachPage UnderPaul16 Policy Flashdated JulyEnergy

  3. Microsoft Word - Flash2006-47JulyDeviatedClause.doc | Department of Energy

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directed offOCHCO2:Introduction toManagement of the National Nuclear SecurityEIS-0225-SA-05 NovemberMicrosoft

  4. ASEAN's Gradual Evolution: Challenges and Opportunities for Integrating Participatory Procedural Reforms for the Environment in an Evolving Rights-Based Framework

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Abdel-Monem, Tarik

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    and Development: Is There a Kuznets Curve for Air PollutionDevelopment: The Environmental Kuznets Curve Revisited, 62Corruption, Pollution, and the Kuznets Environment Curve, 40

  5. EXCELLENTIA CoLumbIA ENgINEErINg26 en million Americans suffer from osteoporosis, a gradual weakening of the

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hone, James

    HEALTH EXCELLENTIA CoLumbIA ENgINEErINg26 T en million Americans suffer from osteoporosis Laboratory, is try- ing to figure out how to prevent and treat osteoporosis from both engineering analysis of osteoporosis. Guo and his team also plan to use their knowledge to better understand osteoporosis and bone loss

  6. The Principles for Responsible Management Education (PRME) are a timely global call for business schools and universities worldwide to gradually adapt their

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chatziantoniou, Damianos

    Nations Global Compact. Method: Create educational frameworks, materials, processes and environments

  7. Diminished Short Channel Effects in Nanoscale Double-Gate Silicon-on-Insulator MetalOxideSemiconductor Field-Effect-Transistors

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kumar, M. Jagadesh

    ) and the back-gate oxide (tb) thickness is 2 nm. The doping in the p-type body and n+ source/drain regionsOxideSemiconductor Field-Effect-Transistors due to Induced Back-Gate Step Potential M. Jagadesh KUMAR and G. Venkateshwar surface potential profile at the back gate of an asymmetrical double gate (DG) silicon-on-insulator (SOI

  8. Strong carrier localization and diminished quantum-confined Stark effect in ultra-thin high-indium-content InGaN quantum wells with violet light emission

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ko, Suk-Min; Kwack, Ho-Sang; Park, Chunghyun; Yoo, Yang-Seok; Cho, Yong-Hoon, E-mail: yhc@kaist.ac.kr [Department of Physics and KI for the NanoCentury, Korea Advanced Institute of Science and Technology, Daejeon 305-701 (Korea, Republic of)] [Department of Physics and KI for the NanoCentury, Korea Advanced Institute of Science and Technology, Daejeon 305-701 (Korea, Republic of); Kwon, Soon-Yong [Department of Materials Science and Engineering, Seoul National University, Seoul 151-744 (Korea, Republic of) [Department of Materials Science and Engineering, Seoul National University, Seoul 151-744 (Korea, Republic of); School of Mechanical and Advanced Materials Engineering, Ulsan National Institute of Science and Technology, Ulsan 689-798 (Korea, Republic of); Jin Kim, Hee; Yoon, Euijoon, E-mail: eyoon@snu.ac.kr [Department of Materials Science and Engineering, Seoul National University, Seoul 151-744 (Korea, Republic of)] [Department of Materials Science and Engineering, Seoul National University, Seoul 151-744 (Korea, Republic of); Si Dang, Le [Nanophysics and Semiconductors, CEA-CNRS-UJF Group, Institut Nel, CNRS Grenoble, 25 rue des Martyrs, 38042 Grenoble Cedex 9 (France)] [Nanophysics and Semiconductors, CEA-CNRS-UJF Group, Institut Nel, CNRS Grenoble, 25 rue des Martyrs, 38042 Grenoble Cedex 9 (France)

    2013-11-25T23:59:59.000Z

    Here, we report on the optical and structural characteristics of violet-light-emitting, ultra-thin, high-Indium-content (UTHI) InGaN/GaN multiple quantum wells (MQWs), and of conventional low-In-content MQWs, which both emit at similar emission energies though having different well thicknesses and In compositions. The spatial inhomogeneity of In content, and the potential fluctuation in high-efficiency UTHI MQWs were compared to those in the conventional low-In-content MQWs. We conclude that the UTHI InGaN MQWs are a promising structure for achieving better quantum efficiency in the visible and near-ultraviolet spectral range, owing to their strong carrier localization and reduced quantum-confined Stark effect.

  9. Diminished Superoxide Generation Is Associated With Respiratory Chain Dysfunction and Changes in the Mitochondrial Proteome of Sensory Neurons From Diabetic Rats

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Akude, Eli; Zherebitskaya, Elena; Chowdhury, Subir K. Roy; Smith, Darrell R.; Dobrowsky, Rick T.; Fernyhough, Paul

    2011-09-28T23:59:59.000Z

    .42 MnSOD BA C Control NADH dehydrogenase Fe-S protein 3 744 745 746 747 748 749 m/z 0 2000 4000 6000 8000 10000 12000 14000 16000 18000 In te ns ity 743.90 744.41 744.91 748.90 749.41 VVAEPVELAQEFR 16 13VVAEPVELAQEF N C R 4 6 R0/R10=5.26 GDVTTQVALQPALK... dehydrogenase Fe-S protein 3 744 745 746 747 748 749 m/z 0 1000 2000 3000 4000 5000 6000 7000 8000 9000 10000 11000 In te ns ity 743.90 744.40 748.90 749.41 744.91 MnSOD VVAEPVELAQEFR 16 13VVAEPVELAQEF N C R 4 6 GDVTTQVALQPALK 13GDVTTQVALQPAL C K 6 R0/R10 = 2...

  10. Example Operating, Design and Installation factors give a maximuExample Operating, Design and Installation factors give a maximu mm deviation of 30% and a minimum of 0%deviation of 30% and a minimum of 0%

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Howat, Colin S. "Chip"

    % ABSTRACT Capital cost estimation is an integral part of Capstone Design. It provides the first opportunity. 1968 - Guthrie publishes Capital Cost Estimation database. 1987 - Hayes and Willis compare Guthrie. Consequently, escalation over significant intervals is necessary to estimate capital requirements. Commercial

  11. hal-00167112,version4-25Feb2008 Distribution of the time at which the deviation of a

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    theory and in the evolution of stock prices in finance. Let us first consider, for example, a single taking values +1 with probability p (signifying the arrival of a new customer), -1 with probability q naturally is in the evolution of stock prices in finance. The evolution of a stock price Sn with time n

  12. Off-line compensation of the tool path deviations on robotic machining: Application to Incremental Sheet Forming

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Universit de

    of industrial robots during an incremental sheet forming task. For that purpose, a robust and systematic method to reduce manufacturing costs and to improve production flexibility, the industrial robot manipulators industrial robots where only the TCP pose is controlled [12]. More- over, the dynamic parameters (inertia

  13. Deviation Between ?13C and Leaf Intercellular Co2 in Salix Interior Cuttings Developing Under Low Light

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Le Roux-Swarthout, Debbie J.; Terwilliger, Valery J.; Martin, Craig E.

    2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Leaf ?13C values of perennial species are sometimes less negative than model?predicted ?13C values derived from instantaneous measures of pi/pa. It has been hypothesized that the less negative ?13C values could be caused ...

  14. POLICY FLASH 2013-59 Class Deviation (FAR) 19.15, Women-Owned Small Business (WOSB) Program

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Questions concerning this policy flash should be directed to Lawrence Butler, of the Contract and Financial Assistance Policy Division at (202) 287-1945 or at lawrence.butler@hq.doe.gov.

  15. A comparison of methods of computing the mean and standard deviation for singly right truncated normal distributions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Darling, William Richard

    1963-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    but with the following equations. k i+I & n s 2 Z, -C. q ? exp[yx] d /2w i 1 t-tt i 1 2 %1 ? exp [yx ]dx if we let ? exp[yx'] dx /2w Z ? . exp [+(t - &) /a ] 1 r 2 2 1 I. k+1 . exp [yx'] d J /7m i+1 " El exP[+(ti 1 g) /g] z ?. [+(t-p) / ] 1 2 2 k d S'IL W i..., 0 i=1 where k is a constant. 0 i~i d 20 wl To find the values for g and o, we solve the equations QSnP dip p o by the Newton-Raphson method of successive iterations. To find the corrections Qg and 6 o to be added to tbe estimates el...

  16. arXiv:cond-mat/0311535v221Jan2004 On large deviation properties of Erdos-Renyi

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Peinke, Joachim

    the Legendre transform of the Potts free energy with respect to ln q is related to the component generating calculate the number of components, the size of the giant component, the degree distributions inside- gree [2] or power law degree distribution [3, 4] have been investigated. Most of the efforts devoted

  17. for-length (WL) and length-for-age (LA) were calculated as standard deviations (DS) of

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Universit de

    and Congo, but not in Bolivia, where the family meal is used earlier for this purpose. The height energy intake (TEI) was 8 632 297 kJ per d (2 065 71 kcal). Protein, fat and car- bohydrate accounted

  18. Cation Intermixing And Electronic Deviations At The Insulating LaCrO3/SrTiO3(001) Interface

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Colby, Robert J.; Qiao, Liang; Zhang, Hongliang; Shutthanandan, V.; Ciston, Jim; Kabius, Bernd C.; Chambers, Scott A.

    2013-10-29T23:59:59.000Z

    The interface between polar perovskite LaCrO3 (LCO) and non-polar SrTiO3(001) (STO), grown by molecular beam epitaxy, is examined using a combination of electron microscopy, spectroscopy, and Rutherford backscattering spectrometry. The LCO/STO(001) interface is insulating, a potential counter example for the claim that polar/nonpolar perovskite interfaces should be conductive by virtue of an electronic reconstruction to alleviate the polar discontinuity. The A-site cations of these ABO3 perovskites are found to diffuse across the interface to a greater extent than the B-site cations, based on high angle annular dark field scanning transmission electron microscopy (HAADF-STEM), energy dispersive x-ray spectroscopy (EDS) and electron energy loss spectroscopy (EELS). The B-site cation valences are shown to be partially reduced near the interface by analysis of EELS near-edge structures. The location and direction of these electronic modifications do not intuitively compensate the charge imbalance imposed by uneven cation inter-diffusion, and yet both the film and interface are insulating. These results highlight the importance of both the physical and electronic structure of such complex interfaces in determining their characteristics. Furthermore, the extent of inter-diffusion is shown to increase with increasing LCO film thickness, suggesting a potential mechanism behind the critical thickness for interfacial conductivity in other polar/non-polar oxide systems, and a fundamental limitation on the formation of abrupt interfaces in LCO/STO(001).

  19. Temperature dependence of magnetization and anisotropy in uniaxial NiFe{sub 2}O{sub 4} nanomagnets: Deviation from the Callen-Callen power law

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Chatterjee, Biplab K.; Ghosh, C. K. [School of Materials Science and Nanotechnology, Jadavpur University, Jadavpur, Kolkata 700032 (India); Chattopadhyay, K. K., E-mail: kalyan-chattopadhyay@yahoo.com [School of Materials Science and Nanotechnology, Jadavpur University, Jadavpur, Kolkata 700032 (India); Thin Film and Nanoscience Laboratory, Department of Physics, Jadavpur University, Jadavpur, Kolkata 700032 (India)

    2014-10-21T23:59:59.000Z

    The thermal variation of magnetic anisotropy (K) and saturation magnetization (M{sub S}) for uniaxial nickel ferrite (NiFe{sub 2}O{sub 4}) nanomagnets are investigated. Major magnetic hysteresis loops are measured for the sample at temperatures over the range 5280?K using a vibrating sample magnetometer. The high-field regimes of the hysteresis loops are modeled using the law of approach to saturation, based on the assumption that at sufficiently high field only direct rotation of spin-moment take place, with an additional forced magnetization term that is linear with applied field. The uniaxial anisotropy constant K is calculated from the fitting of the data to the theoretical equation. As temperature increases from 5?K to 280?K, a 49% reduction of K, accompanied by an 85% diminution of M{sub S} is observed. Remarkably, K is linearly proportional to M{sub S}{sup 2.6} in the whole temperature range violating the existing theoretical model by Callen and Callen. The unusual power-law behavior for the NiFe{sub 2}O{sub 4} uniaxial nanomagnets is ascribed to the non-negligible contributions from inter-sublattice pair interactions, Neel surface anisotropy, and higher order anisotropies. A complete realization of the unusual anisotropy-magnetization scaling behavior for nanoscale two-sublattice magnetic materials require a major modification of the existing theory by considering the exact mechanism of each contributions to the effective anisotropy.

  20. PHYSICAL REVIEW E 83, 021304 (2011) Response of a noncohesive packing of grains to a localized force: Deviation from continuum elasticity

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Clamond, Didier

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    tensile stresses. In such packings, grains interact via elastic contact forces and by solid friction by a set of inequalities, stating that the contact forces exist in the Coulomb cone. This set for modeling the behavior of dry grain packings. Nevertheless, according to classical civil engineering

  1. Efficiency of feedback process in cavity quantum electrodynamics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    H. T. Fung; P. T. Leung

    2007-08-02T23:59:59.000Z

    Utilizing the continuous frequency mode quantization scheme, we study from first principle the efficiency of a feedback scheme that can generate maximally entangled states of two atoms in an optical cavity through their interactions with a single input photon. The spectral function of the photon emitted from the cavity, which will be used as the input of the next round in the feedback process, is obtained analytically. We find that the spectral function of the photon is modified in each round and deviates from the original one. The efficiency of the feedback scheme consequently deteriorates gradually after several rounds of operation.

  2. Staged venting of fuel cell system during rapid shutdown

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Clingerman, Bruce J. (Palmyra, NY); Doan, Tien M. (Columbia, MD); Keskula, Donald H. (Webster, NY)

    2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A venting methodology and system for rapid shutdown of a fuel cell apparatus of the type used in a vehicle propulsion system. H.sub.2 and air flows to the fuel cell stack are slowly bypassed to the combustor upon receipt of a rapid shutdown command. The bypass occurs over a period of time (for example one to five seconds) using conveniently-sized bypass valves. Upon receipt of the rapid shutdown command, the anode inlet of the fuel cell stack is instantaneously vented to a remote vent to remove all H.sub.2 from the stack. Airflow to the cathode inlet of the fuel cell stack gradually diminishes over the bypass period, and when the airflow bypass is complete the cathode inlet is also instantaneously vented to a remote vent to eliminate pressure differentials across the stack.

  3. Staged venting of fuel cell system during rapid shutdown

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Keskula, Donald H.; Doan, Tien M.; Clingerman, Bruce J.

    2004-09-14T23:59:59.000Z

    A venting methodology and system for rapid shutdown of a fuel cell apparatus of the type used in a vehicle propulsion system. H.sub.2 and air flows to the fuel cell stack are slowly bypassed to the combustor upon receipt of a rapid shutdown command. The bypass occurs over a period of time (for example one to five seconds) using conveniently-sized bypass valves. Upon receipt of the rapid shutdown command, the anode inlet of the fuel cell stack is instantaneously vented to a remote vent to remove all H.sub.2 from the stack. Airflow to the cathode inlet of the fuel cell stack gradually diminishes over the bypass period, and when the airflow bypass is complete the cathode inlet is also instantaneously vented to a remote vent to eliminate pressure differentials across the stack.

  4. Essays on Financial Information Analysis

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Schuett, Harm Henning

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    signals such as abnormal capex growth diminishes.signals such as abnormal capex growth diminishes.that, first, such abnormal capex growth me- chanically leads

  5. Substitution of Ni for Fe in superconducting Fe?.??Te?.?Se?.? depresses the normal-state conductivity but not the magnetic spectral weight

    DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

    Wang, Jinghui; Tranquada, J. M.; Zhong, Ruidan; Li, Shichao; Gan, Yuan; Xu, Zhijun; Zhang, Cheng; Ozaki, T.; Matsuda, M.; Zhao, Yang; et al

    2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    We have performed systematic resistivity and inelastic neutron scattering measurements on Fe?.???zNizTe?.?Se?.? samples to study the impact of Ni substitution on the transport properties and the low-energy (? 12 meV) magnetic excitations. It is found that, with increasing Ni doping, both the conductivity and superconductivity are gradually suppressed; in contrast, the low-energy magnetic spectral weight changes little. Comparing with the impact of Co and Cu substitution, we find that the effects on conductivity and superconductivity for the same degree of substitution grow systematically as the atomic number of the substituent deviates from that of Fe. The impact of the substituentsmoreas scattering centers appears to be greater than any contribution to carrier concentration. The fact that low-energy magnetic spectral weight is not reduced by increased electron scattering indicates that the existence of antiferromagnetic correlations does not depend on electronic states close to the Fermi energy.less

  6. Substitution of Ni for Fe in superconducting Fe?.??Te?.?Se?.? depresses the normal-state conductivity but not the magnetic spectral weight

    DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

    Wang, Jinghui [Nanjing Univ., Nanjing (China); Tranquada, J. M. [Brookhaven National Lab. (BNL), Upton, NY (United States); Zhong, Ruidan [Brookhaven National Lab. (BNL), Upton, NY (United States); Stony Brook Univ., Stony Brook, NY (United States); Li, Shichao [Nanjing Univ., Nanjing (China); Gan, Yuan [Nanjing Univ., Nanjing (China); Xu, Zhijun [Univ. of California, Berkeley, CA (United States); Lawrence Berkeley National Lab. (LBNL), Berkeley, CA (United States); Zhang, Cheng [Brookhaven National Lab. (BNL), Upton, NY (United States); Stony Brook Univ., Stony Brook, NY (United States); Ozaki, T. [Brookhaven National Lab. (BNL), Upton, NY (United States); Matsuda, M. [Oak Ridge National Lab. (ORNL), Oak Ridge, TN (United States); Zhao, Yang [National Inst. of Standards and Technology (NIST), Gaithersburg, MD (United States); Univ. of Maryland, College Park, MD (United States); Li, Qiang [Brookhaven National Lab. (BNL), Upton, NY (United States); Xu, G. [Brookhaven National Lab. (BNL), Upton, NY (United States); Gu, Genda [Brookhaven National Lab. (BNL), Upton, NY (United States); Birgeneau, R. J. [Univ. of California, Berkeley, CA (United States); Lawrence Berkeley National Lab. (LBNL), Berkeley, CA (United States); Wen, Jinsheng [Nanjing Univ., Nanjing (China)

    2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    We have performed systematic resistivity and inelastic neutron scattering measurements on Fe?.???zNizTe?.?Se?.? samples to study the impact of Ni substitution on the transport properties and the low-energy (? 12 meV) magnetic excitations. It is found that, with increasing Ni doping, both the conductivity and superconductivity are gradually suppressed; in contrast, the low-energy magnetic spectral weight changes little. Comparing with the impact of Co and Cu substitution, we find that the effects on conductivity and superconductivity for the same degree of substitution grow systematically as the atomic number of the substituent deviates from that of Fe. The impact of the substituents as scattering centers appears to be greater than any contribution to carrier concentration. The fact that low-energy magnetic spectral weight is not reduced by increased electron scattering indicates that the existence of antiferromagnetic correlations does not depend on electronic states close to the Fermi energy.

  7. Substitution of Ni for Fe in superconducting Fe?.??Te?.?Se?.? depresses the normal-state conductivity but not the magnetic spectral weight

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Wang, Jinghui [Nanjing Univ., Nanjing (China); Tranquada, J. M. [Brookhaven National Lab. (BNL), Upton, NY (United States); Zhong, Ruidan [Brookhaven National Lab. (BNL), Upton, NY (United States); Stony Brook Univ., Stony Brook, NY (United States); Li, Shichao [Nanjing Univ., Nanjing (China); Gan, Yuan [Nanjing Univ., Nanjing (China); Xu, Zhijun [Univ. of California, Berkeley, CA (United States); Lawrence Berkeley National Lab. (LBNL), Berkeley, CA (United States); Zhang, Cheng [Brookhaven National Lab. (BNL), Upton, NY (United States); Stony Brook Univ., Stony Brook, NY (United States); Ozaki, T. [Brookhaven National Lab. (BNL), Upton, NY (United States); Matsuda, M. [Oak Ridge National Lab. (ORNL), Oak Ridge, TN (United States); Zhao, Yang [National Inst. of Standards and Technology (NIST), Gaithersburg, MD (United States); Univ. of Maryland, College Park, MD (United States); Li, Qiang [Brookhaven National Lab. (BNL), Upton, NY (United States); Xu, G. [Brookhaven National Lab. (BNL), Upton, NY (United States); Gu, Genda [Brookhaven National Lab. (BNL), Upton, NY (United States); Birgeneau, R. J. [Univ. of California, Berkeley, CA (United States); Lawrence Berkeley National Lab. (LBNL), Berkeley, CA (United States); Wen, Jinsheng [Nanjing Univ., Nanjing (China)

    2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    We have performed systematic resistivity and inelastic neutron scattering measurements on Fe?.???zNizTe?.?Se?.? samples to study the impact of Ni substitution on the transport properties and the low-energy (? 12 meV) magnetic excitations. It is found that, with increasing Ni doping, both the conductivity and superconductivity are gradually suppressed; in contrast, the low-energy magnetic spectral weight changes little. Comparing with the impact of Co and Cu substitution, we find that the effects on conductivity and superconductivity for the same degree of substitution grow systematically as the atomic number of the substituent deviates from that of Fe. The impact of the substituents as scattering centers appears to be greater than any contribution to carrier concentration. The fact that low-energy magnetic spectral weight is not reduced by increased electron scattering indicates that the existence of antiferromagnetic correlations does not depend on electronic states close to the Fermi energy.

  8. Optimization of quantum interferometric metrological sensors in the presence of photon loss

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tae-Woo Lee; Sean D. Huver; Hwang Lee; Lev Kaplan; Steven B. McCracken; Changjun Min; Dmitry B. Uskov; Christoph F. Wildfeuer; Georgios Veronis; Jonathan P. Dowling

    2009-08-20T23:59:59.000Z

    We optimize two-mode, entangled, number states of light in the presence of loss in order to maximize the extraction of the available phase information in an interferometer. Our approach optimizes over the entire available input Hilbert space with no constraints, other than fixed total initial photon number. We optimize to maximize the Fisher information, which is equivalent to minimizing the phase uncertainty. We find that in the limit of zero loss the optimal state is the so-called N00N state, for small loss, the optimal state gradually deviates from the N00N state, and in the limit of large loss the optimal state converges to a generalized two-mode coherent state, with a finite total number of photons. The results provide a general protocol for optimizing the performance of a quantum optical interferometer in the presence of photon loss, with applications to quantum imaging, metrology, sensing, and information processing.

  9. Three essays on estimation of policy disturbances

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Reicher, Christopher Phillip

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    real driving processes (% deviation). The solid blue linenominal driving processes (% deviation). The red x linesdriving processes (% deviation) Baseline. The solid blue lines

  10. The Role of Prior Knowledge and Problem Contexts in Students' Explanations of Complex System

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Barth-Cohen, Lauren April

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    scale is important often because there is a gradual build uptime scale is important. Often there is a gradual build up

  11. Lyapunov instability of rough hard-disk fluids

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jacobus A. van Meel; Harald A. Posch

    2009-04-02T23:59:59.000Z

    The dynamical instability of rough hard-disk fluids in two dimensions is characterized through the Lyapunov spectrum and the Kolmogorov-Sinai entropy, $h_{KS}$, for a wide range of densities and moments of inertia $I$. For small $I$ the spectrum separates into translation-dominated and rotation-dominated parts. With increasing $I$ the rotation-dominated part is gradually filled in at the expense of translation, until such a separation becomes meaningless. At any density, the rate of phase-space mixing, given by $h_{KS}$, becomes less and less effective the more the rotation affects the dynamics. However, the degree of dynamical chaos, measured by the maximum Lyapunov exponent, is only enhanced by the rotational degrees of freedom for high-density gases, but is diminished for lower densities. Surprisingly, no traces of Lyapunov modes were found in the spectrum for larger moments of inertia. The spatial localization of the perturbation vector associated with the maximum exponent however persists for any $I$.

  12. 1 ISO 14001 requires that operational control be maintained over significant environmental aspects such that lack of control would lead to deviation from environmental policy and targets. 2 Targets are as described and scheduled in the Recovery and Resource Loaded schedule and are dependent on funding of Recovery Plan .

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742EnergyOnItemResearch >Internship ProgramBiomassUniversityNuclearIBM8) SectionFP03-09)Improve

  13. New Directions in Technical Services For Latin American collections: Building unique collections

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Harvell, Tony

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Technical Services For Latin American collections: Buildingunique collections Tony Harvell Latin American Studiestransformation Diminished collections budgets Increased

  14. Planners and the Pork Barrel: Metropolitan Engagement in and Resistance to Congressional Transportation Earmarking

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sciara, Gian-Claudia

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    the new public management (NPM) perspective that has gainedthe 1980s. Advocates of the NPM emphasize diminishing faith

  15. N-(N-[2-(3,5-Difluorophenyl)acetyl]-(S)-alanyl)-(S)-phenylglycine tert-butyl ester (DAPT): an inhibitor of ?-secretase, revealing fine electronic and hydrogen-bonding features

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Czerwinski, Andrzej; Valenzuela, Francisco [Peptides International Inc., 11621 Electron Drive, Louisville, KY 40299 (United States); Afonine, Pavel [Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, One Cyclotron Road, Building 64R0121, Berkeley, CA 94720 (United States); Dauter, Miroslawa, E-mail: dauter@anl.gov [Basic Research Program, SAIC-Frederick Inc., Synchrotron Radiation Research Section, MCL, NCI, Argonne National Laboratory, Biosciences Division, Building 202, Argonne, IL 60439 (United States); Dauter, Zbigniew [Synchrotron Radiation Research Section, MCL, NCI, Argonne National Laboratory, Biosciences Division, Building 202, Argonne, IL 60439 (United States); Peptides International Inc., 11621 Electron Drive, Louisville, KY 40299 (United States)

    2010-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The title compound, C{sub 23}H{sub 26}F{sub 2}N{sub 2}O{sub 4}, is a dipeptidic inhibitor of ?-secretase, one of the enzymes involved in Alzheimers dis@@ease. The mol@@ecule adopts a compact conformation, without intra@@molecular hydrogen bonds. In the crystal structure, one of the amide N atoms forms the only inter@@molecular NH?O hydrogen bond; the second amide N atom does not form hydrogen bonds. High-resolution synchrotron diffraction data permitted the unequivocal location and refinement without restraints of all H atoms, and the identification of the characteristic shift of the amide H atom engaged in the hydrogen bond from its ideal position, resulting in a more linear hydrogen bond. Significant residual densities for bonding electrons were revealed after the usual SHELXL refinement, and modeling of these features as additional inter@@atomic scatterers (IAS) using the program PHENIX led to a significant decrease in the R factor from 0.0411 to 0.0325 and diminished the r.m.s. deviation level of noise in the final difference Fourier map from 0.063 to 0.037 e {sup ?3}.

  16. Energy consumption and economic development in West Africa

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Chima, C.M.

    1987-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This study evaluates the commercial energy sector of the Economic Community of West African States (ECOWAS). Presently, an economic union exists between the 16 countries of West Africa that are members of ECOWAS. Although the ECOWAS region has plentiful resources of commercial energy, it faces problems in this sector for two reasons. First is the problem resulting from the diminishing traditional energy resources such as wood fuel and charcoal. Second, most ECOWAS members, except Nigeria, are net importers of commercial energy, and hence face a high import burden for oil. Liquid petroleum is the dominant form of commercial energy used in the ECOWAS despite the availability of other resources. This author basically argues that the best policy and strategy solution for dealing with energy problems is through a combination of regional cooperative effort, and a more-intensive country level. The intensity-of-use hypothesis is tested with case studies of Ghana, the Ivory Coast, and Nigeria. The results indicate that newly developing countries can deviate from the expectations of the hypothesis.

  17. SU-E-J-245: Is Off-Line Adaptive Radiotherapy Sufficient for Head and Neck Cancer with IGRT?

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Li, Z [the 6th People's Hospital of Shanghai Jiaotong University, Shanghai, Shanghai (China); Cleveland Clinic, Cleveland, OH (United States); Shang, Q; Liu, H; Greskovich, J; Koyfman, S; Xia, P [Cleveland Clinic, Cleveland, OH (United States)

    2014-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Purpose: Radiation doses delivered to patients with head and neck cancer (HN) may deviate from the planned doses because of variations in patient setup and anatomy. This study was to evaluate whether off-line Adaptive Radiotherapy (ART) is sufficient. Methods: Ten HN patients, who received IMRT under daily imaging guidance using CT-on-rail/KV-CBCT, were randomly selected for this study. For each patient, the daily treatment setup was corrected with translational only directions. Sixty weekly verification CTs were retrospectively analyzed. On these weekly verification CTs, the tumor volumes and OAR contours were manually delineated by a physician. With the treatment iso-center placed on the verification CTs, according to the recorded clinical shifts, the treatment beams from the original IMRT plans were then applied to these CTs to calculate the delivered doses. The electron density of the planning CTs and weekly CTs were overridden to 1 g/cm3. Results: Among 60 fractions, D99 of the CTVs in 4 fractions decreased more than 5% of the planned doses. The maximum dose of the spinal cord exceeded 10% of the planned values in 2 fractions. A close examination indicated that the dose discrepancy in these 6 fractions was due to patient rotations, especially shoulder rotations. After registering these 6 CTs with the planning CT allowing six degree of freedoms, the maximum rotations around 3 axes were > 1.5 for these fractions. With rotation setup errors removed, 4 out of 10 patients still required off-line ART to accommodate anatomical changes. Conclusion: A significant shoulder rotations were observed in 10% fractions, requiring patient re-setup. Off-line ART alone is not sufficient to correct for random variations of patient position, although ART is effective to adapt to patients' gradual anatomic changes. Re-setup or on-line ART may be considered for patients with large deviations detected early by daily IGRT images. The study is supported in part by Siemens Medical Solutions.

  18. Immune transfer studies in canine allogeneic marrow graft donor-recipient pairs

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Grosse-Wilde, H.; Krumbacher, K.; Schuening, F.D.; Doxiadis, I.; Mahmoud, H.K.; Emde, C.; Schmidt-Weinmar, A.; Schaefer, U.W.

    1986-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Transfer of immunity occurring with bone marrow grafting was studied using the dog as a preclinical model. Allogeneic bone marrow transplantation (BMT) was performed between DLA-identical beagle litter-mates. The donors were immunized with tetanus toxoid (TT) or sheep red blood cells (SRBC), and their humoral response was monitored by hemagglutination. The recipients of bone marrow from TT-immunized donors showed a marked increase of antibody titer one week posttransplantation, while in the recipients of marrow from SRBC immunized donors the antibody titers were considerably lower. Within the following 60 days the antibody titers in both groups diminished gradually to pregrafting levels. Control experiments in which cell-free plasma from donors immunized with TT and SRBC respectively was transfused indicated that the initial rise of specific antibody titers after marrow grafting is likely to be due to a passive transfer of humoral immunity. A single challenge of these marrow graft recipients with the respective antigen 15-18 weeks posttransplantation led to a secondary type of humoral immune response. It could be demonstrated that transfer of memory against TT or SRBC was independent from the actual antibody titer and the time of vaccination of the donor. One dog was immunized with TT after serving as marrow donor. When the donor had shown an antibody response, a peripheral blood leukocytes (PBL) transfusion was given to his chimera. Subsequent challenge of the latter resulted in a secondary type of specific antibody response. This indicates that specific cellular-bound immunological memory can be transferred after BMT from the donor to his allogeneic bone marrow chimera by transfusion of peripheral blood leukocytes. The data may be of importance in clinical BMT to protect patients during the phase of reduced immune reactivity by transfer of memory cells.

  19. Detectable Signatures of Cosmic Radiative Feedback

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    R. Schneider; R. Salvaterra; T. Roy Choudhury; A. Ferrara; C. Burigana; L. A. Popa

    2007-12-04T23:59:59.000Z

    We use a semi-analytical model to study the impact of reionization, and the associated radiative feedback, on galaxy formation. Two feedback models have been considered: (i) a standard prescription, according to which star formation is totally suppressed in galaxies with circular velocity below a critical threshold (model CF06) and (ii) a characterization based on the filtering scale (model G00), allowing for a gradual reduction of the gas available for star formation in low-mass galaxies. In model CF06 reionization starts at z ~ 15-20, is 85% complete by z ~ 10; at the same z, the ionized fraction is 16% in model G00. The models match SDSS constraints on the evolution of the neutral hydrogen fraction at z feedback models. Deviations among radiative feedback prescriptions emerge when considering the expected HI 21 cm background signal, where a ~ 15 mK absorption feature in the range 75-100 MHz is present in model G00 and a global shift of the emission feature preceding reionization towards larger frequencies occurs in the same model. Single dish observations with existing or forthcoming low-frequency radio telescopes can achieve mK sensitivity, allowing the identification of these features provided that foregrounds can be accurately subtracted.

  20. Comparative study of polar and semipolar (112{sup }2) InGaN layers grown by metalorganic vapour phase epitaxy

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Dinh, Duc V., E-mail: vanduc.dinh@tyndall.ie, E-mail: peter.parbrook@tyndall.ie; Zubialevich, V. Z. [Tyndall National Institute, University College Cork, Lee Matltings, Dyke Parade, Cork (Ireland); Oehler, F.; Kappers, M. J.; Humphreys, C. J. [Department of Materials Science and Metallurgy University of Cambridge, Pembroke Street, Cambridge CB2 3QZ (United Kingdom); Alam, S. N.; Parbrook, P. J., E-mail: vanduc.dinh@tyndall.ie, E-mail: peter.parbrook@tyndall.ie [Tyndall National Institute, University College Cork, Lee Matltings, Dyke Parade, Cork (Ireland); School of Engineering, University College Cork, Cork (Ireland); Caliebe, M.; Scholtz, F. [Institute of Optoelectronics, Ulm University, Ulm 89069 (Germany)

    2014-10-21T23:59:59.000Z

    InGaN layers were grown simultaneously on (112{sup }2) GaN and (0001) GaN templates by metalorganic vapour phase epitaxy. At higher growth temperature (?750?C), the indium content (<15%) of the (112{sup }2) and (0001) InGaN layers was similar. However, for temperatures less than 750?C, the indium content of the (112{sup }2) InGaN layers (15%26%) were generally lower than those with (0001) orientation (15%32%). The compositional deviation was attributed to the different strain relaxations between the (112{sup }2) and (0001) InGaN layers. Room temperature photoluminescence measurements of the (112{sup }2) InGaN layers showed an emission wavelength that shifts gradually from 380?nm to 580?nm with decreasing growth temperature (or increasing indium composition). The peak emission wavelength of the (112{sup }2) InGaN layers with an indium content of more than 10% blue-shifted a constant value of ?(5060) nm when using higher excitation power densities. This blue-shift was attributed to band filling effects in the layers.

  1. Beam energy scan using a viscous hydro+cascade model

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Karpenko, Iu A; Huovinen, P; Petersen, H

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Following the experimental program at BNL RHIC, we perform a similar "energy scan" using 3+1D viscous hydrodynamics coupled to the UrQMD hadron cascade, and study the collision energy dependence of pion and kaon rapidity distributions and $m_T$-spectra, as well as charged hadron elliptic flow. To this aim the equation of state for finite baryon density from a Chiral model coupled to the Polyakov loop is employed for hydrodynamic stage. 3D initial conditions from UrQMD are used to study gradual deviation from boost-invariant scaling flow. We find that the inclusion of shear viscosity in the hydrodynamic stage of evolution consistently improves the description of the data for Pb-Pb collisions at CERN SPS, as well as of the elliptic flow measurements for Au-Au collisions in the Beam Energy Scan (BES) program at BNL RHIC. The suggested value of shear viscosity is $\\eta/s\\ge0.2$ for $\\sqrt{s_{NN}}=6.3\\dots39$ GeV.

  2. Dark matter vs. modifications of the gravitational inverse-square law. Results from planetary motion in the solar system

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    M. Sereno; Ph. Jetzer

    2006-06-08T23:59:59.000Z

    Dark matter or modifications of the Newtonian inverse-square law in the solar-system are studied with accurate planetary astrometric data. From extra-perihelion precession and possible changes in the third Kepler's law, we get an upper limit on the local dark matter density, rho_{DM} gravitational acceleration are really small. We examined the MOND interpolating function mu in the regime of strong gravity. Gradually varying mu suggested by fits of rotation curves are excluded, whereas the standard form mu(x)= x/(1+x^2)^{1/2} is still compatible with data. In combination with constraints from galactic rotation curves and theoretical considerations on the external field effect, the absence of any significant deviation from inverse square attraction in the solar system makes the range of acceptable interpolating functions significantly narrow. Future radio ranging observations of outer planets with an accuracy of few tenths of a meter could either give positive evidence of dark matter or disprove modifications of gravity.

  3. Dynamic analysis in productivity, oil shock, and recession

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Katayama, Munechika

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Investment Capital Utilization Percent deviations from the steady state Oil (Investment Capital Utilization Percent deviations from the steady state Oil (Investment Capital Utilization Percent deviations from the steady state Oil (

  4. Pedestrian localisation for indoor environments

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Woodman, Oliver

    2010-11-16T23:59:59.000Z

    . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 163 A.1 A possible log-log plot of Allan Deviation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 170 A.2 Allan Deviation curves for the gyroscopes of an Xsens Mtx. . . . . . . . . . 171 A.3 Allan Deviation curves for the accelerometers of an Xsens Mtx...

  5. COMMUNITY FORESTRY 24 Chartered Forester

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    and go, whether suddenly as in Romania after communism, or gradually as in the USA or Scotland, WHETHER SUDDENLY AS IN ROMANIA AFTER COMMUNISM, OR GRADUALLY AS IN THE USA OR SCOTLAND " #12;Chartered

  6. >*9o? o JAH 3 Ris-M-2927(EN)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    a large scale introduction of wind power. In such a scenario the gradual build up through several years that models a large scale introduction of wind power. In such a scenario the gradual build up through several

  7. Interview of Michael Mann

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mann, Michael

    2005-08-24T23:59:59.000Z

    on Roman Empire, one on feudalism and one contemporary; gradually turned into 'The Sources of Social Power'; took the further step of separating the military from the political; gradually case studies became bigger with linking historical passages; got too...

  8. Climate change and balance of trade

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hochman, Gal; Zilberman, David

    2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    health hazard that contaminates public water systems andprivate drinking water wells. The gradual phase out of the

  9. Z .Marine Chemistry 73 2001 273290 www.elsevier.nlrlocatermarchem

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mahadevan, Amala

    amount. The gradual infusion and spread of this 14 C through the oceans since the 1950s has provided

  10. --No Title--

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    Management SUBJECT: Class Deviation from the Department of Energy Acquisition Regulation (DEAR) 952.204-2, Security Requirements SUMMARY: A class deviation from DEAR...

  11. Observed and CAM3 GCM Sea Surface Wind Speed Distributions: Characterization, Comparison, and Bias Reduction

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Capps, Scott B; Zender, Charles S

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    bin predictions. and 90th percentile wind speeds and higherWind speed mean, 90th percentile, standard deviation, andwind speed mean, 90th percentile, standard deviation, and

  12. asymptomatic oral carriage: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    diminished over time. A. Michal Stevens; Thomas Hennessy; Henry C. Baggett; Dana Bruden; Debbie Parks; Joseph Klejka 16 Rodent Abundance Dynamics and Leptospirosis Carriage in an...

  13. Unraveling Internet identities : accountability & anonymity at the application layer

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wolff, Josephine Charlotte Paulina

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Both anonymity and accountability play crucial roles in sustaining the Internet's functionality, however there is a common misconception that increasing the anonymity of Internet identities necessitates diminishing their ...

  14. DOE/IG-0058

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    energy savings, increasing consumer risk, and diminishing the value of the recent infusion of 300 million for ENERGY STAR rebates under the Recovery Act. Management generally...

  15. australian construction industry: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    that graduates traditionally entered have diminished due to the economic downturn and to companies outsourcing positions to off-shore companies. This in-progress paper...

  16. Is there life in other markets? BPA explores preschedule capacity

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    can diminish the federal hydropower system's capacity to balance supply and demand for power. The process allowed BPA to explore an untested capacity market this spring to acquire...

  17. The effects of cytoskeletal disruption and mechanical load on cardiac conduction

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wright, Adam Thomas

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    with 470 nm wavelength LED lamps. In order to record actionthan the xenon arc lamp. Use of these LEDs has diminished

  18. --No Title--

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    cooling water, and will now be used to provide water to the Ameresco Biomass Cogeneration Facility (BCF) for steam and electricity generation. Diminished flows in the...

  19. CX-006939: Categorical Exclusion Determination | Department of...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    cooling water, and will now be used to provide water to the Ameresco Biomass Cogeneration Facility (BCF) for steam and electricity generation. Diminished flows in the...

  20. acutely depressed women: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    CiteSeer Summary: focus on womens health is a rational response to growing scientific knowledge about how health is created, maintained, and diminished. Evidence continues to...

  1. Microsoft Word - PAD-WD-0011 R1 Waste Acceptance Criteria for...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Protection Agency (EPA) finds that it will not endanger human health and the environment. EPA specifies levels or methods of treatment that substantially diminish the...

  2. activation requires lipid: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Microalgae have presented themselves as a strong candidate to replace diminishing oil reserves as a source of lipids for biofuels. Here we describe successful modifications...

  3. analog dynamical casimir: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    the amount of created particles can be diminished significantly via the coupling to the environment (reservoir theory) inducing decoherence. For a simple microscopic model, it is...

  4. a generalized-laguerre-hermite pseudospectral method for ...

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2008-03-08T23:59:59.000Z

    To study these problems effectively, a key issue is to find efficiently and .... procedure which, while preserving the normalization and energy diminishing, does...

  5. Slide31 | OSTI, US Dept of Energy, Office of Scientific and Technical...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    * Inhibiting the dissemination of scientific information necessarily diminishes its value as a public good, whatever private gains may ensue from such inhibition. * Refer back to...

  6. Trends in the cost of efficiency for appliances and consumer electronics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Desroches, Louis-Benoit

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    appliances and consumer electronics Louis-Benoit Desroches,appliances and consumer electronics have decreased in realappliances and consumer electronics are likely to diminish

  7. Section 3.2 (cont.)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2014-04-05T23:59:59.000Z

    Mar 26, 2014 ... production reach the point of diminishing returns? b. At what time during ... The rate of change of production is worker efficiency. The point of...

  8. 7339 U-007-307.63 RADIOLOGICAL ASSESSMENTS CORPORATION, THE FERNALD

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    ) Geometric Standard Deviations (GSD) Industrial Hygiene and Radiation (lH&R) International Commission

  9. A StatisticalMechanical View on Code Ensembles and Random Coding Exponents

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Merhav, Neri

    , ... Physics of information: Landauer, Bennet, Maroney, Plenio & Vitelli, ... Large deviations theory: Ellis

  10. Perceptual Smoothness of Tempo in Expressively Performed Simon Dixon

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dixon, Simon

    a wide range of expressive timing deviations (Large & Kolen, 1994; Goto & Muraoka, 1995; Dixon, 2001a

  11. Structural phase transition, narrow band gap, and room-temperature ferromagnetism in [KNbO{sub 3}]{sub 1?x}[BaNi{sub 1/2}Nb{sub 1/2}O{sub 3??}]{sub x} ferroelectrics

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Zhou, Wenliang; Yang, Pingxiong, E-mail: pxyang@ee.ecnu.edu.cn; Chu, Junhao [Key Laboratory of Polar Materials and Devices, Ministry of Education, Department of Electronic Engineering, East China Normal University, Shanghai 200241 (China); Deng, Hongmei [Instrumental Analysis and Research Center, Institute of Materials, Shanghai University, 99 Shangda Road, Shanghai 200444 (China)

    2014-09-15T23:59:59.000Z

    Structural phase transition, narrow band gap (E{sub g}), and room-temperature ferromagnetism (RTFM) have been observed in the [KNbO{sub 3}]{sub 1?x}[BaNi{sub 1/2}Nb{sub 1/2}O{sub 3??}]{sub x} (KBNNO) ceramics. All the samples have single phase perovskite structure, but exhibit a gradual transition behaviour from the orthorhombic to a cubic structure with the increase of x. Raman spectroscopy analysis not only corroborates this doping-induced change in normal structure but also shows the local crystal symmetry for x ? 0.1 compositions to deviate from the idealized cubic perovskite structure. A possible mechanism for the observed specific changes in lattice structure is discussed. Moreover, it is noted that KBNNO with compositions x?=?0.10.3 have quite narrow E{sub g} of below 1.5?eV, much smaller than the 3.2?eV band gap of parent KNbO{sub 3} (KNO), which is due to the increasing Ni 3d electronic states within the gap of KNO. Furthermore, the KBNNO materials present RTFM near a tetragonal to cubic phase boundary. With increasing x from 0 to 0.3, the magnetism of the samples develops from diamagnetism to ferromagnetism and paramagnetism, originating from the ferromagneticantiferromagnetic competition. These results are helpful in the deeper understanding of phase transitions, band gap tunability, and magnetism variations in perovskite oxides and show the potential role, such materials can play, in perovskite solar cells and multiferroic applications.

  12. Building of multilevel stakeholder consensus in radioactive waste repository siting

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Dreimanis, A. [Radiation Safety Centre, Riga LV (Latvia)

    2007-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This report considers the problem of multilevel consensus building for siting and construction of shared multinational/regional repositories for radioactive waste (RW) deep disposal. In the siting of a multinational repository there appears an essential innovative component of stakeholder consensus building, namely: to reach consent - political, social, economic, ecological - among international partners, in addition to solving the whole set of intra-national consensus building items. An entire partnering country is considered as a higher-level stakeholder - the national stakeholder, represented by the national government, being faced to simultaneous seeking an upward (international) and a downward (intra-national) consensus in a psychologically stressed environment, possibly being characterized by diverse political, economic and social interests. The following theses as a possible interdisciplinary approach towards building of shared understanding and stakeholder consensus on the international scale of RW disposal are forwarded and developed: a) building of international stakeholder consensus would be promoted by activating and diversifying on the international scale multilateral interactions between intra- and international stakeholders, including web-based networks of the RW disposal site investigations and decision-making, as well as networks for international cooperation among government authorities in nuclear safety, b) gradual progress in intergovernmental consensus and reaching multilateral agreements on shared deep repositories will be the result of democratic dialogue, via observing the whole set of various interests and common resolving of emerged controversies by using advanced synergetic approaches of conflict resolution, c) cross-cultural thinking and world perception, mental flexibility, creativity and knowledge are considered as basic prerogatives for gaining a higher level of mutual understanding and consensus for seeking further consensus, for advancing the preparedness to act together, and ultimately - for achieving desired shared goals. It is proposed that self-organized social learning will make it possible to promote adequate perception of risk and prevent, by diminishing uncertainties and unknown factors, social amplification of an imagined risk, as well as to increase the trust level and facilitate more adequate equity perception. The proposed approach to the multilevel stakeholder consensus building on international scale is extrapolated to the present-day activities of siting of such near-surface RW disposal facilities which supposedly could have non-negligible trans-boundary impact. A multilevel stakeholder interaction process is considered for the case of resolving of emerged problems in site selection for the planned near-surface RW repository in vicinity of the Lithuanian-Latvian border foreseen for disposal of short lived low- and intermediate level waste arising from the decommissioning of the Ignalina Nuclear Power Plant. (authors)

  13. Underwater ambient noise in the Alaskan Arctic from 20062009

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Frandsen, Jannette B.

    , a proxy for multiyear ice. Perennial pack ice is diminishing while thin seasonal pack ice is more The Arctic Ocean has experienced diminished ice cover as record lows have been measured for sea ice thickness prevalent. These changes in sea ice affect the acoustic field as well as the sources of sound, both natural

  14. Dimensions of Component-based Development Colin Atkinson Thomas Khne Christian Bunse

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kühne, Thomas

    @informatik.uni-kl.de kuehne@informatik.uni-kl.de bunse@iese.fhg.de ABSTRACT As the properties of components have gradually

  15. Natural Capitalism 3 23-25 May 2012

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    car market will be hybrid by 2005" is happening more gradually Daimler Benz: "100,000 hydrogen fuel cell cars by 2005" didn't happen o

  16. LED Luminaire Lifetime: Recommendations for Testing and Reporting

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    product life, and many relied on the gradual lumen depreciation of the LED (light-emitting diode) source as the best indicator- resulting, on occasion, in unrealistic claims...

  17. From Motherhood Penalties to Husband Premia: The New Challenge for Gender Equality and Family Policy, Lessons from Norway

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Petersen, Trond; Penner, Andrew; Hgnes, Geir

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    2001. Cohabitation in Norway: An Accepted and GraduallyWage Gap, The Case of Norway. European Sociological ReviewA Comparison of Finland, Norway and Swe- den. European

  18. Macroevolutionary patterns in planktonic foraminifera and the recovery of Pelagic Ecosystems from the Cretaceous- Paleogene mass extinction

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hull, Pincelli Marie

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    explicit patterns of species extinction (Raup and Jablonskiboundary impact with species extinction levels of nearly 95%1993. Gradual mass extinction, species survivorship, and

  19. anomalous process behaviour: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Fourth, the students develop appropriate methods for observation and analysis. Fifth, theory is gradually introduced through discussion in the field, the accommodation and at a...

  20. E-Print Network 3.0 - aps ion source Sample Search Results

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    be converted into ion cyclotron waves gradually throughout the corona. MHD... , Coronal heating "problems" , Observational constraints (remote and in situ) Ion cyclotron...

  1. Studies of Local Degradation Phenomena in Composite Cathodes for Lithium-Ion Batteries

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kerlau, M.; Marcinek, M.; Srinivasan, V.; Kostecki, R.M.

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    was attributed to the degradation of the electronicallyelectrode and cell degradation. The extraordinary potentialat 45 o C showed a gradual degradation during cycling. Post-

  2. Movement is a pervasive feature of microbial and animal biology, from bacteria moving over tiny distances to whales

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Marden, James

    animals; piston engines; electric motors; jets) comprises motors that cycle rapidly, with significant regime motors are scarce, but the few data available suggest a gradually increasing scaling slope

  3. Submission Format for IMS2004 (Title in 18-point Times font)

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    arc fault, reliability I. INTRODUCTION As the reliability of traditional photovoltaic (PV) modules becomes better characterized, the focus has gradually expanded to the balance...

  4. Modeling of Energy Production Decisions: An Alaska Oil Case Study

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Leighty, Wayne

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    RR-08-26 Modeling of Energy Production Decisions: An Alaskarapid or gradual energy production in the future? Doesnet social benefit from energy production and achieving a

  5. Use of self-organizing maps for exploring coordination variability in the transition between walking and running

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bartlett, Roger M; Lamb, Peter F; ODonovan, David; Kennedy, Gavin

    2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    structures of walking and running. Human Movement Science,patterns of walking and running at similar speed and stridebetween walking and running when gradually changing speed.

  6. alpha dna-topo ii: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    analysis of these shows enhanced high-frequency oscillations inside the sunspot umbra in both lines. Their peak frequency gradually decreases outward from the umbra. The...

  7. Small Scale LNG Terminals Market Installed Capacity is anticipated...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    across the world till date, the emergence of small demand centers for natural gas within small geographies is gradually shifting the focus towards miniaturizing LNG...

  8. CHANGES IN CATCH AND EFFORT IN THE ATLANTIC MENHADEN PURSE-SEINE FISHERY 1940-68

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    made larger. Follow- ing World War I, diesel ilnd gasoline engines gradually replaced steam engines Wars I and II. After World War II the increased demand for fis

  9. 3D MEMS via (post-) buckling of micromachined structures and integration of bulk nanoporous elements in microfluidic devices

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fachin, Fabio

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The last two decades have seen a proliferation of fields and applications where microtechnologies have gradually replaced, and often outperformed, their macroscopic counterparts. From engineering to basic sciences, ...

  10. Sexual Functioning Among Endometrial Cancer Patients Treated With Adjuvant High-Dose-Rate Intra-Vaginal Radiation Therapy

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Damast, Shari, E-mail: shari.damast@yale.edu [Department of Radiation Oncology, Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center, New York, New York (United States)] [Department of Radiation Oncology, Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center, New York, New York (United States); Alektiar, Kaled M. [Department of Radiation Oncology, Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center, New York, New York (United States)] [Department of Radiation Oncology, Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center, New York, New York (United States); Goldfarb, Shari [Department of Medicine, Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center, New York, New York (United States)] [Department of Medicine, Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center, New York, New York (United States); Eaton, Anne; Patil, Sujata [Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center, New York, New York (United States)] [Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center, New York, New York (United States); Mosenkis, Jeffrey [Department of Comparative Human Development, University of Chicago, Chicago, Illinois (United States)] [Department of Comparative Human Development, University of Chicago, Chicago, Illinois (United States); Bennett, Antonia [Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center, New York, New York (United States)] [Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center, New York, New York (United States); Atkinson, Thomas [Department of Psychiatry, Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center, New York, New York (United States)] [Department of Psychiatry, Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center, New York, New York (United States); Jewell, Elizabeth; Leitao, Mario; Barakat, Richard; Carter, Jeanne [Department of Surgery, Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center, New York, New York (United States)] [Department of Surgery, Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center, New York, New York (United States); Basch, Ethan [Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center, New York, New York (United States)] [Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center, New York, New York (United States)

    2012-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Purpose: We used the Female Sexual Function Index (FSFI) to investigate the prevalence of sexual dysfunction (SD) and factors associated with diminished sexual functioning in early stage endometrial cancer (EC) patients treated with simple hysterectomy and adjuvant brachytherapy. Methods and Materials: A cohort of 104 patients followed in a radiation oncology clinic completed questionnaires to quantify current levels of sexual functioning. The time interval between hysterectomy and questionnaire completion ranged from <6 months to >5 years. Multivariate regression was performed using the FSFI as a continuous variable (score range, 1.2-35.4). SD was defined as an FSFI score of <26, based on the published validation study. Results: SD was reported by 81% of respondents. The mean ({+-} standard deviation) domain scores in order of highest-to-lowest functioning were: satisfaction, 2.9 ({+-}2.0); orgasm, 2.5 ({+-}2.4); desire, 2.4 ({+-}1.3); arousal, 2.2 ({+-}2.0); dryness, 2.1 ({+-}2.1); and pain, 1.9 ({+-}2.3). Compared to the index population in which the FSFI cut-score was validated (healthy women ages 18-74), all scores were low. Compared to published scores of a postmenopausal population, scores were not statistically different. Multivariate analysis isolated factors associated with lower FSFI scores, including having laparotomy as opposed to minimally invasive surgery (effect size, -7.1 points; 95% CI, -11.2 to -3.1; P<.001), lack of vaginal lubricant use (effect size, -4.4 points; 95% CI, -8.7 to -0.2, P=.040), and short time interval (<6 months) from hysterectomy to questionnaire completion (effect size, -4.6 points; 95% CI, -9.3-0.2; P=.059). Conclusions: The rate of SD, as defined by an FSFI score <26, was prevalent. The postmenopausal status of EC patients alone is a known risk factor for SD. Additional factors associated with poor sexual functioning following treatment for EC included receipt of laparotomy and lack of vaginal lubricant use.

  11. Theoretical foundation for measuring the groundwater age distribution.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Gardner, William Payton; Arnold, Bill Walter

    2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    In this study, we use PFLOTRAN, a highly scalable, parallel, flow and reactive transport code to simulate the concentrations of 3H, 3He, CFC-11, CFC-12, CFC-113, SF6, 39Ar, 81Kr, 4He and themean groundwater age in heterogeneous fields on grids with an excess of 10 million nodes. We utilize this computational platform to simulate the concentration of multiple tracers in high-resolution, heterogeneous 2-D and 3-D domains, and calculate tracer-derived ages. Tracer-derived ages show systematic biases toward younger ages when the groundwater age distribution contains water older than the maximum tracer age. The deviation of the tracer-derived age distribution from the true groundwater age distribution increases with increasing heterogeneity of the system. However, the effect of heterogeneity is diminished as the mean travel time gets closer the tracer age limit. Age distributions in 3-D domains differ significantly from 2-D domains. 3D simulations show decreased mean age, and less variance in age distribution for identical heterogeneity statistics. High-performance computing allows for investigation of tracer and groundwater age systematics in high-resolution domains, providing a platform for understanding and utilizing environmental tracer and groundwater age information in heterogeneous 3-D systems. Groundwater environmental tracers can provide important constraints for the calibration of groundwater flow models. Direct simulation of environmental tracer concentrations in models has the additional advantage of avoiding assumptions associated with using calculated groundwater age values. This study quantifies model uncertainty reduction resulting from the addition of environmental tracer concentration data. The analysis uses a synthetic heterogeneous aquifer and the calibration of a flow and transport model using the pilot point method. Results indicate a significant reduction in the uncertainty in permeability with the addition of environmental tracer data, relative to the use of hydraulic measurements alone. Anthropogenic tracers and their decay products, such as CFC11, 3H, and 3He, provide significant constraint oninput permeability values in the model. Tracer data for 39Ar provide even more complete information on the heterogeneity of permeability and variability in the flow system than the anthropogenic tracers, leading to greater parameter uncertainty reduction.

  12. FACTORS RELATING TO MULTICULTURAL COMPETENCE IN BEGINNING PSYCHOLOGY INTERNS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Vargas, Christian

    2010-07-21T23:59:59.000Z

    , Adjusting for Social Desirability...114 Table 5. Means and Standard Deviations of High, Medium, and Low Infusion Groups on the Multicultural Competence Inventory....115 Table 6. Means and Standard Deviations of Internship Sites...

  13. Nuclear astrophysical plasmas: ion distribution functions and fusion rates

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Marcello Lissia; Piero Quarati

    2005-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

    This article illustrates how very small deviations from the Maxwellian exponential tail, while leaving unchanged bulk quantities, can yield dramatic effects on fusion reaction rates and discuss several mechanisms that can cause such deviations.

  14. Differential Item Functioning: The Consequence of Language, Curriculum, or Culture?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Huang, Xiaoting

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    the Uzbek version from Kyrgyzstan; the deviation: the AzeriKyrgyz version from Kyrgyzstan; the Russian version from

  15. mobileSpiro: Accurate Mobile Spirometry for Self-Management of Siddharth Gupta, Peter Chang+, Nonso Anyigbo and Ashutosh Sabharwal

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mellor-Crummey, John

    ISO13485 device, with an inter-device deviation in flow reading of less than 8%, and detects more than

  16. Assessing Reservoir Depositional Environments to Develop and Quantify Improvements in CO2 Storage Efficiency: A Reservoir Simulation Approach

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Okwen, Roland; Frailey, Scott; Leetaru, Hannes; Moulton, Sandy

    2014-09-30T23:59:59.000Z

    The storage potential and fluid movement within formations are dependent on the unique hydraulic characteristics of their respective depositional environments. Storage efficiency (E) quantifies the potential for storage in a geologic depositional environment and is used to assess basinal or regional CO2 storage resources. Current estimates of storage resources are calculated using common E ranges by lithology and not by depositional environment. The objectives of this project are to quantify E ranges and identify E enhancement strategies for different depositional environments via reservoir simulation studies. The depositional environments considered include deltaic, shelf clastic, shelf carbonate, fluvial deltaic, strandplain, reef, fluvial and alluvial, and turbidite. Strategies considered for enhancing E include CO2 injection via vertical, horizontal, and deviated wells, selective completions, water production, and multi-well injection. Conceptual geologic and geocellular models of the depositional environments were developed based on data from Illinois Basin oil fields and gas storage sites. The geologic and geocellular models were generalized for use in other US sedimentary basins. An important aspect of this work is the development of conceptual geologic and geocellular models that reflect the uniqueness of each depositional environment. Different injection well completions methods were simulated to investigate methods of enhancing E in the presence of geologic heterogeneity specific to a depositional environment. Modeling scenarios included horizontal wells (length, orientation, and inclination), selective and dynamic completions, water production, and multiwell injection. A Geologic Storage Efficiency Calculator (GSECalc) was developed to calculate E from reservoir simulation output. Estimated E values were normalized to diminish their dependency on fluid relative permeability. Classifying depositional environments according to normalized baseline E ranges ranks fluvial deltaic and turbidite highest and shelf carbonate lowest. The estimated average normalized baseline E of turbidite, and shelf carbonate depositional environments are 42.5% and 13.1%, with corresponding standard deviations of 11.3%, and 3.10%, respectively. Simulations of different plume management techniques suggest that the horizontal well, multi-well injection with brine production from blanket vertical producers are the most efficient E enhancement strategies in seven of eight depositional environments; for the fluvial deltaic depositional environment, vertical well with blanket completions is the most efficient. This study estimates normalized baseline E ranges for eight depositional environments, which can be used to assess the CO2 storage resource of candidate formations. This study also improves the general understanding of depositional environments influence on E. The lessons learned and results obtained from this study can be extrapolated to formations in other US basins with formations of similar depositional environments, which should be used to further refine regional and national storage resource estimates in future editions of the Carbon Utilization and Storage Atlas of the United States. Further study could consider the economic feasibility of the E enhancement strategies identified here.

  17. Version 3.0 SOP 23 --Statistical techniques October 12, 2007 Page 1 of 9

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    from the two estimates to obtain a better estimate of the standard deviation: 1 The International Organization for Standardization (ISO) applies two descriptions of precision: (1) the reproducibility of the mean and standard deviation of a set of values, the computation of a standard deviation from a set

  18. Gait Rehabilitation Therapy Using Robot Generated Force Fields Applied at the Pelvis

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mavroidis, Constantinos

    The Robotic Gait Rehabilitation (RGR) Trainer was designed and built to target secondary gait deviations rehabilitation interventions have been used to promote functional recovery in stroke survivors. Unfortunately far attempts to address secondary gait deviations at the same time. Secondary gait deviations are gait

  19. An Abrupt Climate Change Scenario and Its Implications for United States National Security

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    , South America, and southern Africa. Drought persists for most of the decade in critical agricultural changes have been gradual so far, and are projected to be similarly gradual in the future, the effects to resource constraints such as: 1) Food shortages due to decreases in net global agricultural production 2

  20. Exploring change in preservice teachers' beliefs about English language learning and teaching

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Clark-Goff, Kylah Lynn

    2009-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

    Increasing numbers of English language learners (ELLs) and diminishing services for those students is resulting in mainstream teachers across the United States taking on the responsibility of teaching ELLs. This demands the preparation of all...

  1. The rheological complexity of waxy crude oils : yielding, thixotropy and shear heterogeneities

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dimitriou, Christopher (Christopher J.)

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Precipitate-containing crude oils are of increasing economic importance, due to diminishing oil reserves and the increased need to extract hydrate and wax-containing crude oil from ultra deep-water resources. Despite this ...

  2. Public market development strategy : making the improbable possible

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zade, Joshua Charles

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Public markets were once central components of the urban food system in American cities, but declined in number and importance by the middle of the 20th century. Despite a diminished role in feeding the city, public markets ...

  3. Getting Serious About Safety and Loss Prevention Emergency Power and Standby Generators

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fisher, D.; Fenter, T.; McClure, J. D.

    2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Power failures can occur for a variety of reasons. The consequences of such outages range from mere inconveniences to damaged equipment, ruined goods, lost revenue, and diminished safety. In all buildings lighting is among the greatest safety...

  4. Population Genetics of Kangaroo Mice, Microdipodops (Rodentia: Heteromyidae)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Andersen, John

    2012-07-16T23:59:59.000Z

    resulted in disjunct distributions and severely diminished abundance of both species. Phylogenetic and phylogeographic research has discovered unique mitochondrial clades within M. megacephalus (eastern, central, western, and Idaho clades) and M. pallidus...

  5. Quantum ghost imaging through turbulence

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dixon, P. Ben

    We investigate the effect of turbulence on quantum ghost imaging. We use entangled photons and demonstrate that for a specific experimental configuration the effect of turbulence can be greatly diminished. By decoupling ...

  6. Bounds and estimates for the effect of strain gradients upon the effective plastic properties of an isotropic two phase composite

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fleck, Norman A.

    . For example, in age hardened aluminium alloys, precipitate spacing is on the order of 1-100 nm and the main reinforced aluminium alloys with diminishing diameter of particle at fixed volume fraction (Lloyd, 1994

  7. MICROBIOLOGY OF AQUATIC SYSTEMS Species Composition of Bacterial Communities Influences

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    of Mosquitoes to Experimental Plant Infusions Loganathan Ponnusamy & Dawn M. Wesson & Consuelo Arellano & Coby use oviposition traps containing plant infusions for monitoring populations of these mosquito species significantly diminished responses to experimental infusions made with sterilized white oak leaves, showing

  8. Tiled microprocessors

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Taylor, Michael Bedford, 1975-

    2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Current-day microprocessors have reached the point of diminishing returns due to inherent scalability limitations. This thesis examines the tiled microprocessor, a class of microprocessor which is physically scalable but ...

  9. Advancement of Erosion Testing, Modeling, and Design of Concrete Pavement Subbase Layers

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jung, Youn Su

    2010-10-12T23:59:59.000Z

    Concrete pavement systems have great capacity to provide long service lives; however, if the subbase layer is improperly designed or mismanaged, service life would be diminished significantly since the subbase layer performs many important roles...

  10. Wednesday, October 12th Bourns A265 1:40-2:30pm The development of catalytic chemical conversion processes that are environmentally friendly and

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    resources to desired products is necessary to mitigate diminishing fossil resources and growing concerns instead of oil) requires the design of new classes of catalytic materials that can perform complex

  11. Biophysical and Bioanalytical Analysis of the Iron-ome in Mitochondria Isolated from Saccharomyces cerevisiae

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Garber Morales, Jessica H.

    2011-08-08T23:59:59.000Z

    the nonheme HS Fe2+ species serves as a feedstock for Fe/S and heme biosynthesis. When the cell is growing on respiring media, this metabolic reservoir diminishes as respiratory complexes are constantly synthesized. Under fermentative growth, the metabolic...

  12. Hybrid solar thermoelectric systems utilizing thermosyphons for bottoming cycles

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Miljkovic, Nenad

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Efficient renewable energy sources are in significant demand to replace diminishing and environmentally harmful fossil fuels. The combination of commercial and residential buildings as well as the industrial sector currently ...

  13. Prophylactic radiotherapy against heterotopic ossification following internal fixation of acetabular fractures: a comparative estimate of risk

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Burnet, N. G.; Nasr, P.; Yip, G.; Scaife, J. E.; House, T.; Thomas, S. J.; Harris, F.; Owen, P. J.; Hull, P.

    2014-09-08T23:59:59.000Z

    necrotic muscle debridement diminishes heterotopic ossification after acetabular fracture fixation. Injury. 2002; 33(9): 7516. 22. Balboni TA, Gaccione P, Gobezie R, Mamon HJ. Shielding of the hip prosthesis during radiation therapy for heterotopic...

  14. Design, fabrication and characterization of optical microcavities for application specific optical devices

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chen, Chyong-Hua

    2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    93 Fig. 7-4 Power loss of the TM 00 mode incidence wave withthe variations of L 1 on the power loss of the incident waveOne can see that the power loss diminishes as L 1 increases.

  15. Projected Economic Returns from Alternative Water Conservation Techniques -- Southern High Plains of Texas. (Abstract)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Young, Kenneth B.; Kuehler, Anthony

    1975-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    PLAINS OF TEXAS Kenneth B. Young and Anthony Kuehler * ABSTRACT Amounts of water available from the Ogallala aquifer are being diminished since discharge flows exceed recharge flows in the High Plains of Texas where groundwaters have been developed...

  16. Synthesis of controlled release drug device with supercritical CO2 and co-solvent

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bush, Joshua R.

    2007-04-25T23:59:59.000Z

    for prolonged periods. Made from biodegradable and bioerodable polymers, unwanted side effects and the need of return trips for treatment diminish. However, a usable device must be free of organic solvents normally used to dissolve large drug molecules. Many...

  17. Alterations in Skin and Stratified Epithelia by Constitutively Activated PPARa

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Omiecinski, Curtis

    was not observed when transgenic PPARa expression was diminished by administration of doxycycline (dox-expression of the PPARa transgene by withdrawing dox. Attenuated hyperplasia of interfollicular epidermis after topical

  18. 7, 1709917116, 2007 Smoke aerosol,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyer, Edmond

    area model REMOTE driven at its lateral boundaries by ERA40 reanalysis data. REMOTE was extended5 on global circulation (Nober et al., 2003) arising from changes in latent heat release due to diminished

  19. Potential Energy Savings and CO2 Emissions Reduction of China's Cement Industry

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ke, Jing

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    absence of CCS, there is diminishing potential for process-potential is rapidly declining. Second, carbon capture and storage (CCS)CCS is not taken into consideration. Significant energy savings and CO2 emissions reduction potential

  20. Assessment of the urban public's knowledge of white-tailed deer management in two Texas communities

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Alderson, Jessica Lynn

    2009-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

    Urbanization throughout much of Texas has resulted in diminished wildlife habitat, resulting from fragmented landscapes. Several previous studies addressed the publics attitudes concerning the most acceptable white-tailed deer management techniques...

  1. Temporal Variation in Fish Communities Off Santa Cruz Island, California

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Larson, Ralph

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    at sub-tidal reefs and kelp beds at Santa Cruz Island in theand/or by the loss of giant kelp, which occurs during warm-diminishing the extent of giant kelp beds. Student Michelle

  2. Research Article Open Access Brigham et al., J Microbial Biochem Technol 2011, S3

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sinskey, Anthony J.

    be useful as value-added products, as either biopolymers or biofuels, and cells are grown in large) production for biofuels. Both species produce carbon storage molecules that can potentially diminish our

  3. HIS: an instruction issue mechanism for hyperscalar processors

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kuttanna, Belliappa

    1993-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    by providing multiple functional units and by improving resource utilization by supporting multiple instruction threads. Pipeline stalls are decreased by diminishing the effect of control instructions and hardware resource sharing is provided. A dual...

  4. Status of precommercial-sized softwoods in Louisiana, 1991. Forest Service research paper

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Rosson, J.F.

    1994-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Data on precommercial-sized softwoods in seedling- and sapling-sized stands are presented and discussed. Inadequate levels of softwood stocking in NIPF (Nonindustrial private forest) lands could diminish long-term supplies of softwood in the State.

  5. COMPRESSIVE WIRELESS ARRAYS FOR BEARING ESTIMATION OF SPARSE SOURCES IN ANGLE DOMAIN

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cevher, Volkan

    ground sensors (UGS), diminishing their main advantage derived from aperture gains. Hence. In addi- tion, because of their wired nature, arrays tend to have relatively small apertures as unattended

  6. HIS: an instruction issue mechanism for hyperscalar processors

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kuttanna, Belliappa

    1993-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    by providing multiple functional units and by improving resource utilization by supporting multiple instruction threads. Pipeline stalls are decreased by diminishing the effect of control instructions and hardware resource sharing is provided. A dual...

  7. INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL FOR NUMERICAL METHODS IN FLUIDS Int. J. Numer. Meth. Fluids 2003; 41:13191338 (DOI: 10.1002/ d.449)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    of shockturbulent boundary layer is a severe challenge due to its natural high-frequency components variation diminishing (TVD), essentially non-oscillatory (ENO) [1], weighted essentially non-oscillatory

  8. How BPA

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    fields diminish rapidly with distance. The magnetic field on the edge of a power line right-of-way drops by more than 90 percent compared to what a lineman experiences working on...

  9. Photocatalytic reduction of methylene blue by TiO2 nanotube arrays: effects of TiO2 crystalline phase

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kang, Xiongwu; Chen, Shaowei

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    reduction of methylene blue by TiO 2 nanotube arrays:the reduction of methylene blue in water as an illustratingpro?les of methylene blue exhibited apparent diminishment.

  10. Bio-Artificial Synergies for Grasp Posture Control of Supernumerary Robotic Fingers

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wu, Faye Y.

    A new type of wrist-mounted robot, the Supernumerary Robotic (SR) Fingers, is proposed to work closely with the human hand and aid the human in performing a variety of prehensile tasks. For people with diminished functionality ...

  11. Cost, Precision, and Task Structure in Aggression-based Arbitration for Minimalist Robot Cooperation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mitra, Tanushree

    2012-10-19T23:59:59.000Z

    Multi-robot systems have the potential to improve performance through parallelism. Unfortunately, interference often diminishes those returns. Starting from the earliest multi-robot research, a variety of arbitration mechanisms have been proposed...

  12. Inhibition and success of prymnesium parvum invasion on plankton communities in Texas, USA and prymnesium parvum pigment dynamics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Errera, Reagan Michelle

    2007-09-17T23:59:59.000Z

    Prymnesium parvum Carter, a haptophyte species capable of forming harmful algal blooms (HABs), has been identified in fresh and brackish water habitats worldwide. In Texas, P. parvum blooms have diminished local community revenues from losses...

  13. FIXED SINKAGE AND TRIM BARE HULL 5415 SIMULATIONS USING CFDSHIP-IOWA Shanti Bhushan, Thad Michael, JianmingYang, Pablo Carrica, and Frederick Stern

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yang, Jianming

    over the blended k-/k- (BKW) model. However the total variation diminishing (TVD) convective scheme did BKW is performed to evaluate the capability of DES in predicting integral variables, vortical

  14. Experimental and Analytical Investigation of Reinforced Concrete Columns Subjected to Horizontal and Vertical Ground Motions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lee, Hyerin

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    is diminished at near-source rock sites because of less S-P conversion mechanism at near-source soil and rock sites.near-source soil sites, as the waves propagate through rock/

  15. Modifications of the metabolic pathways of lipid and triglyceride production in microalgae

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yu, Wei-Luen; Ansari, William; Schoepp, Nathan G; Hannon, Michael J; Mayfield, Stephen P; Burkart, Michael D

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Flynn KJ: Placing microalgae on the biofuels priority list:Microalgae have presented themselves as a strong candidate to replace diminishing oil reserves as a source of lipids for biofuels.

  16. Climatic Change (2011) 106:315326 DOI 10.1007/s10584-010-9903-9

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    an increase in surface temperature, decreasing the absorption of solar radiation, thereby diminishing and its probable uncertainty range as given by the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC 2007

  17. Local architectural identities within modernization context in southern China

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zhen, Lian Quan

    1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    In the processing of modernization, local architecture identities are diminishing in Kaiping, my home county in Canton Province, China. This thesis is searching for new architectural features that are based on the local ...

  18. Full Spectrum of Selves in Modern Chinese Literature: From Lu Xun to Xiao Hong

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ho, Felicia Jiawen

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    of Charles Darwins theory of survival of the fittest. Bothawareness of Darwin's theory of the survival of the fittest,Euro-American theory only diminish survival as agency for

  19. advanced driver information systems: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    of random supply lead times on a single-stage inventory system with advance demand information. It is found that the supply lead time variability diminishes the benefits of...

  20. Direct Refrigeration from Heat Recovery Using 2-Stage Absorption Chillers

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hufford, P. E.

    1983-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Although the cost of some fossil fuels has moderated, the importance of energy conservation by heat recovery has not diminished. The application of waste heat generated steam to produce chilled water is not new. However, there is a newly developed...

  1. China's food production under water and land limitations

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hoisungwan, Piyatida

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The future availability of the natural resources (water and land) needed for food production is highly uncertain. Evidence shows diminishing natural resources and growing food demand throughout many parts of the world. ...

  2. Evaluating the Interactive Effects of Seasonal Prescribed Fire and Grazing On Invasive Grass Abundance and Woody Brush Encroachment

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Clark, Michele Diane

    2014-12-10T23:59:59.000Z

    across rangelands. Increased shrub density can alter fuel loads, decrease herbaceous production (Van Auken 2009), reduce species richness in grasslands (Ratajczak et al. 2012) and diminish ecosystem services (Van Wilgen et al. 1996). In addition... consequently reductions in animal grazing capacity), and diminished critical ecosystem services such as groundwater 5 recharge, carbon sequestration, and pollinator habitat. Knopf (1994) found that grassland bird species have the highest rate of decline...

  3. Ibuprofen Administered Pre- or Post- Simulated Resistance Exercise Training Does Not Diminsh Gains in Bone Formation or Bone Mass

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cunningham, David

    2012-02-14T23:59:59.000Z

    IBUPROFEN ADMINSTERED PRE- OR POST- SIMULATED RESISTANCE EXERCISE TRAINING DOES NOT DIMINISH GAINS IN BONE FORMATION OR BONE MASS A Thesis by DAVID ARTHUR CUNNINGHAM Submitted to the Office of Graduate Studies of Texas A... Training Does Not Diminish Gains in Bone Formation or Bone Mass Copyright 2011 David Arthur Cunningham IBUPROFEN ADMINISTERED PRE- OR POST- SIMULATED RESISTANCE EXERCISE TRAINING DOES NOT DIMINSH GAINS IN BONE FORMATION OR BONE MASS A Thesis...

  4. Application of a radiophotoluminescent glass dosimeter to nonreference condition dosimetry in the postal dose audit system

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Mizuno, Hideyuki, E-mail: h-mizuno@nirs.go.jp; Fukumura, Akifumi; Fukahori, Mai [National Institute of Radiological Sciences, 4-9-1, Anagawa, Inage-ku, Chiba-shi 263-8555 (Japan); Sakata, Suoh; Yamashita, Wataru; Takase, Nobuhiro [Association for Nuclear Technology in Medicine, 7-16, Nihonbashikodenmacho, Chuou-ku, Tokyo 103-0001 (Japan); Yajima, Kaori [Toho University Omori Medical Center, 6-11-1 Omori-Nishi, Ota-ku, Tokyo 143-8541 (Japan); Katayose, Tetsurou [Chiba Cancer Center, 666-2 Nitona-Cho, Chuoh-ku, Chiba-shi, Chiba 260-8717 (Japan); Abe-Sakama, Kyoko; Kanai, Tatsuaki [Gunma University, Heavy Ion Medical Research Center, 4-2, Aramaki-machi, Maebashi City, Gunma 371-8510 (Japan); Kusano, Yohsuke [Kanagawa Cancer Center, 1-1-2 Nakao, Asahi-ku, Yokohama-shi, Kanagawa 241-8515 (Japan); Shimbo, Munefumi [Saitama Medical Center, 1981, Kamoda, Kawagoe-shi, Saitama 350-8550 (Japan)

    2014-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Purpose: The purpose of this study was to obtain a set of correction factors of the radiophotoluminescent glass dosimeter (RGD) output for field size changes and wedge insertions. Methods: Several linear accelerators were used for irradiation of the RGDs. The field sizes were changed from 5 5 cm to 25 25 cm for 4, 6, 10, and 15 MV x-ray beams. The wedge angles were 15, 30, 45, and 60. In addition to physical wedge irradiation, nonphysical (dynamic/virtual) wedge irradiations were performed. Results: The obtained data were fitted with a single line for each energy, and correction factors were determined. Compared with ionization chamber outputs, the RGD outputs gradually increased with increasing field size, because of the higher RGD response to scattered low-energy photons. The output increase was about 1% per 10 cm increase in field size, with a slight difference dependent on the beam energy. For both physical and nonphysical wedged beam irradiation, there were no systematic trends in the RGD outputs, such as monotonic increase or decrease depending on the wedge angle change if the authors consider the uncertainty, which is approximately 0.6% for each set of measured points. Therefore, no correction factor was needed for all inserted wedges. Based on this work, postal dose audits using RGDs for the nonreference condition were initiated in 2010. The postal dose audit results between 2010 and 2012 were analyzed. The mean difference between the measured and stated doses was within 0.5% for all fields with field sizes between 5 5 cm and 25 25 cm and with wedge angles from 15 to 60. The standard deviations (SDs) of the difference distribution were within the estimated uncertainty (1SD) except for the 25 25 cm field size data, which were not reliable because of poor statistics (n = 16). Conclusions: A set of RGD output correction factors was determined for field size changes and wedge insertions. The results obtained from recent postal dose audits were analyzed, and the mean differences between the measured and stated doses were within 0.5% for every field size and wedge angle. The SDs of the distribution were within the estimated uncertainty, except for one condition that was not reliable because of poor statistics.

  5. Erice: its past and present roles

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Canavan, Gregory H [Los Alamos National Laboratory

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    In the depths of the cold war there were few places where it was possible, let alone acceptable, to discuss global problems and their solution. Erice provided such a venue. Prof. Zichichi built it by inviting friends of international statue to visit Erice to discuss fundamental problems in science, technology, and society. Gradually the discussions were broadened to the more sensitive issues of global war and its consequences, which ranged from strategic forces and their stability to missile defenses and their impacts. Erice was one of the few places that these problems and their possible solutions could be discussed in a dispassionate and productive manner. Much of the reason these discussions remained objective and productive was Prof. Zichichi's 'gentle' prodding of participants towards a useful solution that all could accept. All was not deadly serious. I often accompanied Dr. Teller to the meetings, which he enjoyed enormously because they recalled the free-wheeling discussions he participated in when quantum physics was in its infancy. It was also pleasant to see him interact with Prof. Lee, who still gave Dr. Teller the deference due his old professor, and Dr. Garwin, who had worked with Dr. Teller in Los Alamos. By the end of the cold war Erice was recognized as a valuable site for such discussions. Perhaps for that reason, when the transfer of power in the Soviet Union evolved into an attempted coup, President Yeltsin sent a large contingent of scientists in his own plane to participate in the Erice seminar. It soon appeared that this contingent was not chosen randomly, but might contain many of the scientists who knew their missile launch codes. Despite their senior status, they quickly proved themselves to be competent scientists and enthusiastic participants. A by product to that interaction developed the following year when the Russian economy faltered and its science needed external support lest nuclear scientists leave Russia. U.S. scientific contingents formed by State and Commerce for extended fact finding tours to Russia were hosted by many the same people who had come to Erice during the attempted coup. We found that they were the heads of critical design bureaus, but they freely discussed proposed military and civil projects. The teams negotiated projects for cooperation in science and technology that could have been of great benefit to both countries had they been accepted by U.S. administrations. By that time there were a number of venues for discussion and a large number of groups visiting Russia, so one might think the possibility for contributions by Erice might be diminished. But most of the groups that visited Russia left little behind, particularly in the critical area of energy. That left Erice an important role for the interchange of information on the development of an energy infrastructure that respected the environment. In those discussions western scientists collaborated with Russian scientists like Academicians Velikhov and Fortov, who had often been on opposite the side of earlier debates, in developing the architecture of Russia's energy infrastructure. Discussions have turned cold again. One can say that the chill is due to geopolitical factors or military actions, but much appears to be due to lack of communication. Discussions of strategic missiles revive the arguments of the 1960s, and discussions of missile defense ignore the insights developed in Erice in the 1980s and 1990s. Discussion has sunk to levels not seen since the depths of the cold war. In the areas of science, energy, and military much could be gained by resuming those earlier dialogues. While there are now other venues for holding such discussions, none has the scope and record Erice achieved under Prof. Zichichi in its prime. It may be time for Erice to resume the unique service it performed in previous decades. It could be important for it to do so.

  6. T-Negative Issue 12

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Multiple Contributors

    1976-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    appeared in various other publications. Carol Lynn and Debbie Goldstein have been gradually gathering them in volumes of Kralth Collected. For further Information on the series, send a stamped return en velope to Carol Lynn, 11524 Nashville, Detroit...

  7. Pressure Transient Analysis and Production Analysis for New Albany Shale Gas Wells

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Song, Bo

    2010-10-12T23:59:59.000Z

    Shale gas has become increasingly important to United States energy supply. During recent decades, the mechanisms of shale gas storage and transport were gradually recognized. Gas desorption was also realized and quantitatively described. Models...

  8. The Rapid Rise of Middle-Class Vehicle Ownership in Mumbai

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shirgaokar, Manish

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    the context of public policy in India. I was lucky to have aand change, whereas in India policy moves gradually throughan optimist on policy questions in India, and always had a

  9. An experimental and numerical study of wind turbine seismic behavior

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Prowell, I.

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    studied were vertical axis wind turbines, which are nottesting of vertical axis wind turbines (VAWT). For example,vertical axis turbines (VAWTs). Gradually, as the industry matured, most design concepts standardized on horizontal axis wind turbines (

  10. Characterization of a Fe/Y[subscript 2]O[subscript 3] metal/oxide interface using neutron and x-ray scattering

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Watkins, E. B.

    The structure of metal/oxide interfaces is important to the radiation resistance of oxide dispersion-strengthened steels. We find evidence of gradual variations in stoichiometry and magnetization across a Fe/Y[subscript ...

  11. Hemorrhagic stress effects on blood in irradiated rats

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Elissalde, Marcel Howell

    1966-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    conditions the leukocyte, platelet and reticulo- cyte counts in the circulating blood of the human are back to norsml within two weeks following hemorrhage (26). Because of the gradual readjustment of circulatory volume and the general vasoconstriction...

  12. Schema and memory consolidation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tse, Dorothy

    2011-06-27T23:59:59.000Z

    The traditional view of systems memory consolidation is that it is a gradual process that takes place over days or weeks. Within this approach, the hippocampus (HPC) is thought to be involved in the rapid encoding of ...

  13. Ur/Web: A Simple Model for Programming the Web

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chlipala, Adam

    The World Wide Web has evolved gradually from a document delivery platform to an architecture for distributed programming. This largely unplanned evolution is apparent in the set of interconnected languages and protocols ...

  14. Stand Dynamics Following Gap Scale Exogenous Disturbance in a Single

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gray, Matthew

    ) Is there enough light? (Krasny and Whitmore 1992, Hix and Helfrich 2002, Hart and Kupfer gradually Less destrucMve Less sun (Krasny and Whitmore 1992, Hart and Grissino

  15. Succession of microbial consortia in the developing infant gut microbiome

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Angenent, Lars T.

    gradually over time and that changes in community composition conformed to a smooth temporal gradient involved in plant polysaccharide metabolism were present before the introduction of solid food, priming

  16. Dissecting design : exploring the role of rules in the design process

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pantazi, Magdalini Eleni

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Since the first application of computer programs to problem solving in the 1960s, computers and computational processes have been gradually introduced in the field of architecture to the point where today they are an ...

  17. Deficits in speech perception predict language learning impairment

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Allen, Jont

    and commenting are gradually incorporated into learners' overall learning ecology, which is believed to increase concept, which reflects the subjective perception one party holds about an- other party. It's asymmetrical

  18. ITP Industrial Distributed Energy: Assessing the Benefits of...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    grid was gradually restored. The blackout began a few minutes after 4:00 pm Eastern Daylight Time, and power was not restored for four days in some parts of the United States....

  19. Preliminary studies on physical and chemical processes in the subsurface system in the land reclaimed from the sea

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jiao, Jiu Jimmy

    . The current coastal urban population of 200 million is projected to almost double in the next 20 to 30 years will be gradually displaced by acidic groundwater. It is hypothesized that various chemical and physical reactions

  20. Use of fiber reinforced polymer composite in bridge structures

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tuakta, Chakrapan, 1980-

    2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Fiber reinforced polymer composite (FRP) is a new construction material, gradually gaining acceptance from civil engineers. Bridge engineering is among the fields in civil engineering benefiting from the introduction of ...

  1. Application of direct-fitting, mass-integral, and multi-rate methods to analysis of flowing fluid electric conductivity logs from Horonobe, Japan

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Doughty, C.; Tsang, C.-F.; Hatanaka, K.; Yabuuchi, S.; Kurikami, H.

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    of residual mud used in drilling the well a gradual boreholeobtained during the drilling of Well HDB-11 with the FEC iFigure 3. Drilling schedule and casing program for Well HDB-

  2. Study of Thermo-Electro-Mechnical Coupling in Functionally Graded Metal-Ceramic Composites

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Doshi, Sukanya 1988-

    2012-12-10T23:59:59.000Z

    presents analyses of thermo-electro-mechanical response of piezoelectric actuators having combinations of metal and ceramic constituents with through thickness gradual variations of the metal and ceramic compositions. This is done in order to achieve better...

  3. Early word learning through communicative inference

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Frank, Michael C., Ph. D. Massachusetts Institute of Technology

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    How do children learn their first words? Do they do it by gradually accumulating information about the co-occurrence of words and their referents over time, or are words learned via quick social inferences linking what ...

  4. Microinsurance and Social Protection for Workers in the Informal Sector in Indonesia: A Study of the Social Welfare Insurance Program (SWIP/ASKESOS)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sirojudin, Sirojudin

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    fuel price subsidy, it is increasingly branching out to different kinds of poverty-fuel subsidies must be taken out gradually and be appropriated for more populist and targeted poverty-

  5. Mycologia, 86(3), 1994, pp. 397-400. ? 1994, by The New York Botanical Garden, Bronx, NY 10458-5126

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cotty, Peter J.

    but the wild type produced more spores on Czapek-Dox agar. Spore yield of both types was greatly reduced on Czapek-Dox. In liquid culture, the variant spontaneously arose and gradually dis- placed the wild type

  6. Journal of Chemical Ecology, Vol. 6, No. 2, 1980 PARTIAL PURIFICATION OF THE AGGREGATION

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hammock, Bruce D.

    . The pheromone has a net negative charge, based on retention on DEAE cellulose and an approximate isoelectric is expanding gradually, few advances are evident concerning the physical and chemical properties

  7. Use of autoassociative neural networks for sensor diagnostics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Najafi, Massieh

    2005-02-17T23:59:59.000Z

    gradually while in the case of shift error, the sensor error occurs abruptly. EAANN catches these error types. A chiller model provided synthetic data to test the diagnostic approach under various noise level conditions. The results show that sensor faults...

  8. Optimized Pathways for Regional H2 Infrastructure Transitions: A Case Study for Southern California

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lin, Zhenhong; Fan, Yueyue; Ogden, Joan M; Chen, Chien-Wei

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Costs to Estimate Hydrogen Pipeline Costs. University ofPipeline network gradually expands and eventually takes over all hydrogenpipelines. These technologies compete with each other to meet an exogenously estimated hydrogen

  9. Optimized Pathways for Regional H2 Infrastructure Transitions: The Least-Cost Hydrogen for Southern California

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lin, Zhenhong; Chen, Chien-Wei; Fan, Yueyue; Ogden, Joan M.

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Costs to Estimate Hydrogen Pipeline Costs. University ofPipeline network gradually expands and eventually takes over all hydrogenpipelines. These technologies compete with each other to meet an exogenously estimated hydrogen

  10. White Paper on Energy Efficiency Status of Energy-Using Products in China (2012)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zhou, Nan

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    2) Electric storage tank water heaters The energy efficiencyelectric storage tank water heaters was 68.4% in 2011, withThe electric storage tank water heater market gradually

  11. The mixed economy in China: through rhetorical perspective

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yuan, Yuchun

    2004-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

    Mixed economies gradually emerge in many countries. China is no exception. China's traditional planned economy system is limited to state-owned enterprises, which are undergoing reform. In the private sector, the market system has begun to play a...

  12. amplify high-latitude warming: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    discharge and Bering Strait inflow are studied in a regional model of the Arctic and North Atlantic Oceans. It is suggested that a gradual increase in the flux of Pacific...

  13. Optimal Capacity Conversion for Product Transitions Under High Service Requirements

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Li, Hongmin

    We consider the capacity planning problem during a product transition in which demand for a new-generation product gradually replaces that for the old product. Capacity for the new product can be acquired both by purchasing ...

  14. Produire autonome et conome sur les territoires Cousini, P.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Universit de

    less inputs and energies. This sustainable agriculture initiative was gradually spread in other : Sustainable Agriculture, innovation, productive area, autonomy, inputs, energy saving, agronomy. hal-00525954 as socio- economic, climatic, energy, or environmental ones. Sustainable Agriculture advantages

  15. The Effect of Hyperosmotic Stress on the Network Morphology and Transport Function of the Endoplasmic Reticulum in Tobacco

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Adeniji, Opeyemi 1989-

    2011-05-04T23:59:59.000Z

    To study the effect of hyperosmolarity on the dynamic morphology of the endoplasmic reticulum (ER) form change, Nicotiana benthamiana seedlings with ER-labeled GFP-HDEL were put in a culture chamber and gradually infused with high D...

  16. Stem cell plasticity, osteogenic differentiation and the third Markus Rottmar Maria Hakanson

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    . These include, but are not limited to, up- or down-regulation of proteins involved in proliferation, ECM the gradual process of dif- ferentiation can be followed by monitoring different marker proteins being, there is a lack of standard exp

  17. dsp history IEEE SIGNAL PROCESSING MAGAZINE118 MARCH 2004

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Liebling, Michael

    that could be computed using power of two DFTs. Charlie realized imme- The Chirp z-Transform Algorithm of the unit circle to a circle that curved gradually into the inside of the unit circle. Charlie told me

  18. Janet and Grant Brians: Brians Ranch

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Farmer, Ellen

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Brians: Well, putting on compost and gypsum have been two ofback in the soil, and compost and things. But we didntthen putting gypsum and compost in, gradually its getting

  19. Impact of 3D printing on global supply chains by 2020

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bhasin, Varun

    2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This thesis aims to quantitatively estimate the potential impact of 3D Printing on global supply chains. Industrial adoption of 3D Printing has been increasing gradually from prototyping to manufacturing of low volume ...

  20. Fitness Uniform Deletion: A Simple Way to Preserve Diversity

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hutter, Marcus

    is the gradual decline in population diversity that tends to occur over time. This can slow a system's progress. In this paper we present the Fitness Uniform Deletion Scheme (FUDS), a simple but somewhat unconventional ap

  1. Studies on the ion-droplet mixed regime in colloid thrusters

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lozano-Tovar, Paulo Csar, 1970-

    2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Colloid thrusters working with mixtures of ions and droplets are gradually becoming an alternative technology for space micro-propulsion needs in missions requiring high position controllability, compactness and low power ...

  2. Modeling metropolis : clean energy guidelines for neighborhood design in rapidly urbanizing China

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wheeler, Alexis M. (Alexis Marie)

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    In China's current landscape the paradigm for urban development is the rapid creation of whole neighborhoods instead of the conventional piecemeal approach of creating individual buildings that gradually aggregate over ...

  3. Proceedings of 35th IEEE Conference on: Decision and Control, Dec. 1996, Kobe, Japan Optimal Finite State Supervisory Control

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tronci, Enrico

    autonomous vehicles moving on a 4 4 grid. 1 Introduction Automatic synthesis of reactive programsis gradually on the use of our OSC synthesis algorithm to syn- thesize a C program implementing a minimum fuel OSC for two

  4. Moving towards climate-smart flood management in Bangkok and Tokyo

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Takemoto, Shoko, M.C.P. Massachusetts Institute of Technology

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Managing the impacts of climate change is no longer a concern of the future, but a significant reality of the present. Preparing for, and mitigating extreme weather events and adapting to the gradual shift in climatic ...

  5. anoxia hypobaric hypoxia: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Why? Small-scale, gradual change is an omnipresent feature Zuschin, Martin 16 Roles of energy status, KATP channels and channel arrest in fish brain K + gradient dissipation during...

  6. An environment for the visualization of D-dimensional polytopes and algorithms

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kernek, Matthew William

    1993-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    will be easier to comprehend when projected onto the computer screen, due to its lower dimension. If the hyperplane gradually changes position with respect to the polytope, the intersection poly- tope will exhibit animated structural changes. By studying...

  7. www.abcam.com/technical TROUBLESHOOTING TIPS -WB

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lebendiker, Mario

    protein; Run the recommended positive control. Insufficient antigen. Load at least 20-30 ug protein per gradually accumulate differences in their protein expression profiles. Go back to the original non

  8. Fire Regimes and Successional Dynamics of Pine and Oak Forests in the Central Appalachian Mountains

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Aldrich, Serena Rose

    2012-07-16T23:59:59.000Z

    from every quarter, and gradually approaching the burnt plains, where they alight upon the ground yet smoking with hot embers; they gather up the roasted serpents, frogs and lizards; filling their sacks with them?. Others provide indirect evidence...

  9. Coordination of Voltage and Frequency Feedback in Load-Frequency Control Capability of Wind Turbine

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Silva, Filipe Faria Da

    Coordination of Voltage and Frequency Feedback in Load-Frequency Control Capability of Wind Turbine-Frequency Control (LFC) is gradually shifted to Variable Speed Wind Turbines (VSWTs). In order to equip VSWT

  10. The Hampering Active Wellbore Kit (HAWK) for rapidly controlling a free flowing oil well

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rojas, Folkers Eduardo

    2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    To mitigate the impact of a Blowout Preventer (BOP) failure, this work proposes a method and machine that can create a gradual flow reduction to zero in an offshore well by introducing a mechanical plug inside the BOP. The ...

  11. Design and Evaluation of Novel High Capacity Cathode Materials

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    of Li 5-x FeO 4 Li 5 FeO 4 samples chemically delithiated with NO 2 BF 4 acetonitrile solution No apparent change in Fe 3+ oxidation state Li 2 O extraction Gradual...

  12. The Technical and Economical Analysis of a Centralized Air-Conditioning System with Cold Storage Refrigeration in High-Rise Residential Buildings

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Xiang, C.; Xie, G.

    2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    In recent years, the application of a centralized air-conditioning system (CACS) with cold storage refrigeration in high-rise residential buildings has gradually increased. Due to the large difference between civil residential buildings...

  13. Evaluation of the Heating & Cooling Energy Demand of a Case Residential Building by Comparing The National Calculation Methodology of Turkey and EnergyPlus through Thermal Capacity Calculations

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Atamaca, Merve; Kalaycioglu, Ece; Yilmaz, Zerrin

    2011-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

    In all around the world, because of the rapid population growth and exhausting energy sources over time, energy efficiency and energy conservation gradually come into prominence. Hence, in 2002, a directive (EPBD) which obligates reducing energy...

  14. What kind of interaction between antidumping and competition policies is desirable within Mercosur?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Florncio, Pedro de Abreu e Lima

    2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    with Argentina for cooperation in competition policy. Argentina, could gradually incorporate competition principles and foreign policypolicies continues to exist it is most likely that Mercosurs common competition legislation will not be internalised by Argentina, and,

  15. An analysis of the accuracy of relative permeability

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tao, Teh-Ming

    1982-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Properties Used in Sample Study. . . 2. Summary of Cases Run 34 3. Summary of Sample Properties. 36 4. Comparison of the Relative Error 51 5. Error in Water Infection Rate. 57 6. Influence of Different Magnitude of Measurement Error. 75 LIST QF FIGURES.... Pressure Variation. 27 8. Simulated Measurement Errors. 31 Estimation Deviation Distribution of k for Cases 1, 5, 6, 7. 41 10 Estimation Deviation Distribution of k for Cases 1, 5, 6, 7. 42 Standard Deviation Distribution of Oil Relative Permeability...

  16. Economic viability of rangeland based ranching enterprises

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jochec, Kristi Gayle

    2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Available forage as a percent deviation of the long-term average following an above year (October 1, 1986 to September 30, 1987) of forage production . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 0 7 Available forage as a percent deviation of the long...-term average following a typical year (October 1, 1981 to September 30, 1982) of forage production . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 1 8 Available forage as a percent deviation of the long-term average...

  17. Determination of the total fat content of retail cuts of pork at different external fat trim levels

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sippola, Linda Katherine

    1990-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    obtained from each pork subprimal . . . . 18 3. Chemical fat mean, minimum, maximum, standard deviation, student's t-Test and composite for pork loin retail cuts trimmed to 0. 0 cm or 0. 64 cm external fat level. . 24 4. Chemical fat mean, minimum..., maximum, standard deviation, student's t-Test and composite for pork ham retail cuts trimmed to 0. 0 cm or 0. 64 cm external fat level. . . . . . . . . . . 2 5 5. Chemical moisture mean, minimum, maximum, standard deviation, student's t-Test...

  18. Uncertainty evaluation of delayed neutron decay parameters

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wang, Jinkai

    2009-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

    .......... 80 Figure 6.1 Fitted E2 from Different Algorithms (Saturation Mode)................... 85 Figure 6.2 Standard Deviations of Fitted Parameter Ratios (Saturation Mode). 92 Figure 6.3 Standard Deviations of Fitted Parameter Ratios (Pulse Mode...)......... 92 Figure 6.4 Standard Deviations of Fitted Parameter Ratios with Group-1 Fixed (Pulse Mode) ........................................................................... 93 Figure 6.5 The Ratios of Different Data Sets to Keepin?s Values...

  19. The biostratigraphy, palaeoecology and geochemistry of a long lacustrine sequence from NW Greece

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Frogley, Michael Reginald

    acquired an important profile in recent years. We have gradually become aware through issues such as global warming that human impact upon the environment can have far ranging consequences. By gaining clearer insights into the mechanisms that drove... acquired an important profile in recent years. We have gradually become aware through issues such as global warming that human impact upon the environment can have far ranging consequences. By gaining clearer insights into the mechanisms that drove...

  20. Evaluation of a modified-live, gene deletion mutant pseudorabies virus vaccine for field use in swine

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lawhorn, Donald Bruce

    1989-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    of vaccines. ' Failure to prevent PRV 20,21 spreading between test1ng 1ntervals has frequently led to the gradual depopulation of quarantined herds. Purebred and commercial producers may suffer extreme economic losses from such gradual depopulations due... since many positives were vaccinates, which could not be easily differen- tiated serologically from naturally infected animals. 1 The present methods commonly used for PRV control and eradication are depopulation/repopulation, test...

  1. Essays on International Development

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wlasiuk, Juan Marcos

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    of countries with pc GDP PPP (2000USD) PPP $2005) and total employedmeasured as deviations from PPP) ii is positively associated

  2. LS-104 S. Ohnuma

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    orbit deviations caused by quadrupole misalignments, the beam motion is assumed to be linear. Specifically, this implies that all sextupoles are off when one is trying to...

  3. Public Report Last Modified: 03/25/2013

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dasgupta, Dipankar

    .12 Variance 0.75 Standard Deviation 0.87 Total Responses 266 #12;3. 7. Does the President have your confidence

  4. anisotropy probe map: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    and antisymmetrical components of the deviation of the temperature. The obtained distribution of the symmetry coefficient on the map of the celestial sphere in Mollweide...

  5. Epidemiology of Hearing Loss Study Funded by the National Institute on Aging

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sheridan, Jennifer

    Education Occupation Smoking Atherosclerosis Obesity Higher pulse rate Inflammation Diabetes, diabetes, heavy alcohol consumption, deviated septum, nasal polyps Exercise and statins protective #12

  6. GSA Office of Governmentwide Acquisition Potlcy

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    AGENCY ACQUISITION COUNCIL (CAAC) Class Deviation from the FederalAcquisition Regulation (FAR) Subpart 13.5, Test Program for Certain Commercial ltems FROM: This memorandum...

  7. Tuesday, August 24, 2010

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    deviation and correcting back to vertical. This test will coordinate with an ongoing drilling environment operation to allow the insertion of the TP RS tool downhole to...

  8. ares-i upper stage: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    from relativistic heavy-ion collisions experiments. At such early times the systems is still not locally equilibrated. Another source of deviations from local...

  9. Search results | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    also learn how to calculate the mean, median, mode, and standard deviation of a set of data. http:energy.goveereeducationdownloadshow-big-your-footprint Download Energy...

  10. Search results | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    also learn how to calculate the mean, median, mode, and standard deviation of a set of data. http:energy.goveereeducationdownloadshow-big-your-footprint Download Watt Does...

  11. The Dancing History Collection: Cultural Dances, Part 1. Chapter 4: Nigeria, Olokun

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Beck, Jill

    2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    of Dance. Owerri, Nigeria: AP Publications, cl993. Okwori,of the Idoma. Zaria, Nigeria: Instances Communicationsp. 355, ex. 53 lb. Nigeria 139 Deviation from the path. See

  12. applications conceptual vehicle: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    error and deviation were within the precision of the GPS position reference. Keywords: Vehicle Guidance, GPS, Automation, Geomagnetic Direction Sensor, GDS The author(s) is...

  13. automotive vehicle sensors: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    error and deviation were within the precision of the GPS position reference. Keywords: Vehicle Guidance, GPS, Automation, Geomagnetic Direction Sensor, GDS The author(s) is...

  14. Effects of non-linear processing on information transfer in the lateral geniculate nucleus

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Denning, Kate

    2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    1: Figure 1.1: Range of luminance values observed in naturalscenes, and the absolute luminance changes that definestandard deviation of the luminance divided by the mean. We

  15. Essays on Resource Allocation and Management, Price Volatility and Applied Nonparametrics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nigatu, Getchew Sisay

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    85 3.4.4 Comparing GARCH and MRS VolatilityMRS and GARCH Conditional Standard Deviation for (a) CCXF. (2002). Improving GARCH Volatility Forecasts with Regime-

  16. Lesson 9

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2014-09-25T23:59:59.000Z

    Section 5 (cont.): Variance and Standard. Deviation; Chebyshev's Inequality. October 2nd, 2014. Lesson 9. Page 2. In the previous lesson, we introduced an...

  17. Competition among different height genotypes of grain sorghum hybrids

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Miller, Frederick Robert

    1965-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    of differences from check for Temple (test 3), 45 Summary of differences from check for Temple (test 4). 46 vii LIST OF FIGURES Figures Page Deviations of treatments from the mean yield of grain in pounds per acre for the 3x3 hybrids over- all locations... Deviations of treatments from the mean yield of grain in pounds per acre for the 3x4 hybrids over- all locations 18 Deviations of treatments from the mean yield of grain in pounds per acre for the 4x4 hy'bride over- all locations Deviations of treatments...

  18. axion solar telescope: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    deviations from standard solar models, allowing us to derive new limits on anomalous solar energy losses by the Primakoff emission of axions. For an axion-photon coupling...

  19. NNSA Policy Letter: NAP-4B

    National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

    V. REFERENCES: NNSA Policy Letter BOP-003.0501, "Deviation to DEAR 970.1504 Contract Pricing, and associated 970.521 5 clauses." Administrator National Nuclear Security...

  20. The New York Times headquarters daylighting mockup: Monitored performance of the daylighting control system

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lee, Eleanor S.; Selkowitz, Stephen E.

    2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    W, respectively. Lighting power density at full power levelssavings and average lighting power density savings for astandard deviation Lighting power density at full power:

  1. --No Title--

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    of Procurement and Assistance Management SUBJECT: Class Deviation from the Department of Energy Acquisition Regulation (DEAR) 952.204-2, Security Requirements SUMMARY: A class...

  2. anomalous physical properties: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    - Experiment (arXiv) Summary: The initial data on the production and decay of the Higgs boson reported significant deviations from the Standard Model (SM) expectations,...

  3. Temperature Data for Week Ending May 12, 2005

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    Temperature Data for Week Ending May 12, 2005 (F) Source: National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, National Weather Service Average Temperature Deviation Between Average...

  4. Chemical And Isotopic Investigation Of Warm Springs Associated...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    water (high TDS, > 5000 mgl). Deviations from the meteoric water line are the result of rock-water isotopic exchange, mixing or evaporation. Fluid source regions and residence...

  5. Probabilistic versus Deterministic Implementation of Nonlinear Site Factors in Seismic Hazard

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Goulet, Christine A; Stewart, Jonathan P

    2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    sources including different standard deviation terms for rockfor rock and soil for equivalent single-source scenariosfor rock and soil; and (3) different controlling sources, as

  6. PROCEEDINGS, Thirty-Sixth Workshop on Geothermal Reservoir Engineering Stanford University, Stanford, California, January 31 -February 2, 2011

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stanford University

    and no flow path deviation can be noted during the 30 days of cold water (55 o C) injection into the 140 o C

  7. avoiding neptunium production: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    J. 2 Specification Risk Analysis: Avoiding Product Performance Deviations through an FMEA-Based Method MIT - DSpace Summary: This thesis investigates the potential application...

  8. acids relativistic effects: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    The relativistic effect in galaxy clustering is significant on large scales, in which dark energy models or alternative theories of modified gravity deviate from general...

  9. Tractable counterparts of distributionally robust constraints on risk ...

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Krzysztof Postek

    2014-05-22T23:59:59.000Z

    May 22, 2014 ... Abstract: In this paper we study distributionally robust constraints on risk measures (such as standard deviation less the mean, Conditional...

  10. In aqua vivo EPID dosimetry

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Wendling, Markus; McDermott, Leah N.; Mans, Anton; Olaciregui-Ruiz, Igor; Pecharroman-Gallego, Raul; Sonke, Jan-Jakob; Stroom, Joep; Herk, Marcel J.; Mijnheer, Ben van [Department of Radiation Oncology, Netherlands Cancer Institute-Antoni van Leeuwenhoek Hospital, Plesmanlaan 121, 1066 CX Amsterdam (Netherlands)

    2012-01-15T23:59:59.000Z

    Purpose: At the Netherlands Cancer Institute-Antoni van Leeuwenhoek Hospital in vivo dosimetry using an electronic portal imaging device (EPID) has been implemented for almost all high-energy photon treatments of cancer with curative intent. Lung cancer treatments were initially excluded, because the original back-projection dose-reconstruction algorithm uses water-based scatter-correction kernels and therefore does not account for tissue inhomogeneities accurately. The aim of this study was to test a new method, in aqua vivo EPID dosimetry, for fast dose verification of lung cancer irradiations during actual patient treatment. Methods: The key feature of our method is the dose reconstruction in the patient from EPID images, obtained during the actual treatment, whereby the images have been converted to a situation as if the patient consisted entirely of water; hence, the method is termed in aqua vivo. This is done by multiplying the measured in vivo EPID image with the ratio of two digitally reconstructed transmission images for the unit-density and inhomogeneous tissue situation. For dose verification, a comparison is made with the calculated dose distribution with the inhomogeneity correction switched off. IMRT treatment verification is performed for each beam in 2D using a 2D {gamma} evaluation, while for the verification of volumetric-modulated arc therapy (VMAT) treatments in 3D a 3D {gamma} evaluation is applied using the same parameters (3%, 3 mm). The method was tested using two inhomogeneous phantoms simulating a tumor in lung and measuring its sensitivity for patient positioning errors. Subsequently five IMRT and five VMAT clinical lung cancer treatments were investigated, using both the conventional back-projection algorithm and the in aqua vivo method. The verification results of the in aqua vivo method were statistically analyzed for 751 lung cancer patients treated with IMRT and 50 lung cancer patients treated with VMAT. Results: The improvements by applying the in aqua vivo approach are considerable. The percentage of {gamma} values {<=}1 increased on average from 66.2% to 93.1% and from 43.6% to 97.5% for the IMRT and VMAT cases, respectively. The corresponding mean {gamma} value decreased from 0.99 to 0.43 for the IMRT cases and from 1.71 to 0.40 for the VMAT cases, which is similar to the accepted clinical values for the verification of IMRT treatments of prostate, rectum, and head-and-neck cancers. The deviation between the reconstructed and planned dose at the isocenter diminished on average from 5.3% to 0.5% for the VMAT patients and was almost the same, within 1%, for the IMRT cases. The in aqua vivo verification results for IMRT and VMAT treatments of a large group of patients had a mean {gamma} of approximately 0.5, a percentage of {gamma} values {<=}1 larger than 89%, and a difference of the isocenter dose value less than 1%. Conclusions: With the in aqua vivo approach for the verification of lung cancer treatments (IMRT and VMAT), we can achieve results with the same accuracy as obtained during in vivo EPID dosimetry of sites without large inhomogeneities.

  11. Possible heritage language loss in Hispanic students enrolled in English as a second language programs or in transitional bilingual education programs

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sheffield, Mariagrazia Marzono

    2009-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

    weakening of an individual?s first language because of a concentrated focus on the development of L2 (English)? (Schiff-Myers, 1992, p.28). The loss can manifest itself in diminished oral language proficiency and/or in diminished literacy skills (i... intergenerational bridge between monolingualisms? (Pease-Alvarez, 2002, p.115). This phenomenon is common even in well-established ethnic groups (i.e. Hispanics and Asians) (Smith, 2001; Tse, 2001). Although the Hispanic populace is currently the 3 largest...

  12. Surface control bent sub for directional drilling of petroleum wells

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Russell, Larry R. (6025 Edgemoor, Suite C, Houston, TX 77081)

    1986-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Directional drilling apparatus for incorporation in a drill string, wherein a lower apparatus section is angularly deviated from vertical by cam action and wherein rotational displacement of the angularly deviated apparatus section is overcome by additional cam action, the apparatus being operated by successive increases and decreases of internal drill string pressure.

  13. This article has been accepted for inclusion in a future issue of this journal. Content is final as presented, with the exception of pagination. IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON POWER SYSTEMS 1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pota, Himanshu Roy

    axis of rotor and winding d of stator resulted from speed deviation. Rotor angular speed deviation and winding d of stator. Power factor of the generator. Angle between d axis of rotor and winding d of stator. Angle between d axis of rotor and winding d of stator resulted from the rated speed. Angular speed

  14. 1. c) For all five types, the distribution is quite symmetric. Hearthlog typically burns the longest, with a mean of about 2:40. Wax Logs and Duraflame have a mean about 10 minutes lower. Hot

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Preston, Scott

    the longest, with a mean of about 2:40. Wax Logs and Duraflame have a mean about 10 minutes lower. Hot Logs:15. For all but Wax Logs, the distributions have similar variability each has a standard deviation around 9 minutes. Wax Logs burn more consistently near the mean time the standard deviation is just over 5

  15. Hanford Personnel Dosimeter supporting studies FY-1980. [Lead abstract

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Endres, G.W.R.; Cummings, F.M.; Aldrich, J.M.; Thorson, M.R.; Kathren, R.L.

    1981-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Separate abstracts were prepared for the 10 sections of this report which describe fundamental characteristics of the Hanford multipurpose personnel dosimeter (HMPD). Abstracts were not prepared for Appendix A and Appendix B which deal with calculated standard deviations for 100 mrem mixed field exposures and detailed calculations of standard deviations, respectively. (KRM)

  16. Research on Short-term Load Forecasting of the Thermoelectric Boiler Based on a Dynamic RBF Neural Network

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dai, W.; Zou, P.; Yan, C.

    2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    is proposed based on the RBF neural network with the associated parameters of sample deviation and partial sample deviation, which are defined for the purpose of effective judgment of new samples. Also, in order to forecast the load of sample with large...

  17. hal-00272925,version1-14Apr2008 SURFACE TENSION IN THE DILUTE ISING MODEL. THE WULFF

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Universit de

    hal-00272925,version1-14Apr2008 SURFACE TENSION IN THE DILUTE ISING MODEL. THE WULFF CONSTRUCTION. MARC WOUTS Abstract. We study the surface tension and the phenomenon of phase coexistence for the Ising respect to random couplings) of surface tension and analyze its large deviations : upper deviations occur

  18. Hycon2 Benchmark: Power Network System Stefano Riverso

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ferrari-Trecate, Giancarlo

    steps and produce the required power. We consider thermal power stations with single-stage turbines). In particular, we note that Dss preserves the input-decoupled structure of C [i] while D does not. 2 #12;i nominal value (p.u.) Pvi Deviation of the steam valve position from nominal value (p.u.) Prefi Deviation

  19. A voxel-based finite element model for the prediction of bladder deformation

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Chai Xiangfei; Herk, Marcel van; Hulshof, Maarten C. C. M.; Bel, Arjan [Radiation Oncology Department, Academic Medical Center, University of Amsterdam, 1105 AZ Amsterdam (Netherlands); Radiation Oncology Department, Netherlands Cancer Institute, 1066 CX Amsterdam (Netherlands); Radiation Oncology Department, Academic Medical Center, University of Amsterdam, 1105 AZ Amsterdam (Netherlands)

    2012-01-15T23:59:59.000Z

    Purpose: A finite element (FE) bladder model was previously developed to predict bladder deformation caused by bladder filling change. However, two factors prevent a wide application of FE models: (1) the labor required to construct a FE model with high quality mesh and (2) long computation time needed to construct the FE model and solve the FE equations. In this work, we address these issues by constructing a low-resolution voxel-based FE bladder model directly from the binary segmentation images and compare the accuracy and computational efficiency of the voxel-based model used to simulate bladder deformation with those of a classical FE model with a tetrahedral mesh. Methods: For ten healthy volunteers, a series of MRI scans of the pelvic region was recorded at regular intervals of 10 min over 1 h. For this series of scans, the bladder volume gradually increased while rectal volume remained constant. All pelvic structures were defined from a reference image for each volunteer, including bladder wall, small bowel, prostate (male), uterus (female), rectum, pelvic bone, spine, and the rest of the body. Four separate FE models were constructed from these structures: one with a tetrahedral mesh (used in previous study), one with a uniform hexahedral mesh, one with a nonuniform hexahedral mesh, and one with a low-resolution nonuniform hexahedral mesh. Appropriate material properties were assigned to all structures and uniform pressure was applied to the inner bladder wall to simulate bladder deformation from urine inflow. Performance of the hexahedral meshes was evaluated against the performance of the standard tetrahedral mesh by comparing the accuracy of bladder shape prediction and computational efficiency. Results: FE model with a hexahedral mesh can be quickly and automatically constructed. No substantial differences were observed between the simulation results of the tetrahedral mesh and hexahedral meshes (<1% difference in mean dice similarity coefficient to manual contours and <0.02 cm difference in mean standard deviation of residual errors). The average equation solving time (without manual intervention) for the first two types of hexahedral meshes increased to 2.3 h and 2.6 h compared to the 1.1 h needed for the tetrahedral mesh, however, the low-resolution nonuniform hexahedral mesh dramatically decreased the equation solving time to 3 min without reducing accuracy. Conclusions: Voxel-based mesh generation allows fast, automatic, and robust creation of finite element bladder models directly from binary segmentation images without user intervention. Even the low-resolution voxel-based hexahedral mesh yields comparable accuracy in bladder shape prediction and more than 20 times faster in computational speed compared to the tetrahedral mesh. This approach makes it more feasible and accessible to apply FE method to model bladder deformation in adaptive radiotherapy.

  20. Statistical model based iterative reconstruction (MBIR) in clinical CT systems: Experimental assessment of noise performance

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Li, Ke; Tang, Jie [Department of Medical Physics, University of Wisconsin-Madison, 1111 Highland Avenue, Madison, Wisconsin 53705 (United States)] [Department of Medical Physics, University of Wisconsin-Madison, 1111 Highland Avenue, Madison, Wisconsin 53705 (United States); Chen, Guang-Hong, E-mail: gchen7@wisc.edu [Department of Medical Physics, University of Wisconsin-Madison, 1111 Highland Avenue, Madison, Wisconsin 53705 and Department of Radiology, University of Wisconsin-Madison, 600 Highland Avenue, Madison, Wisconsin 53792 (United States)] [Department of Medical Physics, University of Wisconsin-Madison, 1111 Highland Avenue, Madison, Wisconsin 53705 and Department of Radiology, University of Wisconsin-Madison, 600 Highland Avenue, Madison, Wisconsin 53792 (United States)

    2014-04-15T23:59:59.000Z

    Purpose: To reduce radiation dose in CT imaging, the statistical model based iterative reconstruction (MBIR) method has been introduced for clinical use. Based on the principle of MBIR and its nonlinear nature, the noise performance of MBIR is expected to be different from that of the well-understood filtered backprojection (FBP) reconstruction method. The purpose of this work is to experimentally assess the unique noise characteristics of MBIR using a state-of-the-art clinical CT system. Methods: Three physical phantoms, including a water cylinder and two pediatric head phantoms, were scanned in axial scanning mode using a 64-slice CT scanner (Discovery CT750 HD, GE Healthcare, Waukesha, WI) at seven different mAs levels (5, 12.5, 25, 50, 100, 200, 300). At each mAs level, each phantom was repeatedly scanned 50 times to generate an image ensemble for noise analysis. Both the FBP method with a standard kernel and the MBIR method (Veo{sup }, GE Healthcare, Waukesha, WI) were used for CT image reconstruction. Three-dimensional (3D) noise power spectrum (NPS), two-dimensional (2D) NPS, and zero-dimensional NPS (noise variance) were assessed both globally and locally. Noise magnitude, noise spatial correlation, noise spatial uniformity and their dose dependence were examined for the two reconstruction methods. Results: (1) At each dose level and at each frequency, the magnitude of the NPS of MBIR was smaller than that of FBP. (2) While the shape of the NPS of FBP was dose-independent, the shape of the NPS of MBIR was strongly dose-dependent; lower dose lead to a redder NPS with a lower mean frequency value. (3) The noise standard deviation (?) of MBIR and dose were found to be related through a power law of ????(dose){sup ??} with the component ? ? 0.25, which violated the classical ????(dose){sup ?0.5} power law in FBP. (4) With MBIR, noise reduction was most prominent for thin image slices. (5) MBIR lead to better noise spatial uniformity when compared with FBP. (6) A composite image generated from two MBIR images acquired at two different dose levels (D1 and D2) demonstrated lower noise than that of an image acquired at a dose level of D1+D2. Conclusions: The noise characteristics of the MBIR method are significantly different from those of the FBP method. The well known tradeoff relationship between CT image noise and radiation dose has been modified by MBIR to establish a more gradual dependence of noise on dose. Additionally, some other CT noise properties that had been well understood based on the linear system theory have also been altered by MBIR. Clinical CT scan protocols that had been optimized based on the classical CT noise properties need to be carefully re-evaluated for systems equipped with MBIR in order to maximize the method's potential clinical benefits in dose reduction and/or in CT image quality improvement.

  1. Addressing an Uncertain Future Using Scenario Analysis

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Siddiqui, Afzal S.; Marnay, Chris

    2006-12-15T23:59:59.000Z

    The Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) has had a longstanding goal of introducing uncertainty into the analysis it routinely conducts in compliance with the Government Performance and Results Act (GPRA) and for strategic management purposes. The need to introduce some treatment of uncertainty arises both because it would be good general management practice, and because intuitively many of the technologies under development by EERE have a considerable advantage in an uncertain world. For example, an expected kWh output from a wind generator in a future year, which is not exposed to volatile and unpredictable fuel prices, should be truly worth more than an equivalent kWh from an alternative fossil fuel fired technology. Indeed, analysts have attempted to measure this value by comparing the prices observed in fixed-price natural gas contracts compared to ones in which buyers are exposed to market prices (see Bolinger, Wiser, and Golove and (2004)). In addition to the routine reasons for exploring uncertainty given above, the history of energy markets appears to have exhibited infrequent, but troubling, regime shifts, i.e., historic turning points at which the center of gravity or fundamental nature of the system appears to have abruptly shifted. Figure 1 below shows an estimate of how the history of natural gas fired generating costs has evolved over the last three decades. The costs shown incorporate both the well-head gas price and an estimate of how improving generation technology has gradually tended to lower costs. The purpose of this paper is to explore scenario analysis as a method for introducing uncertainty into EERE's forecasting in a manner consistent with the preceding observation. The two questions are how could it be done, and what is its academic basis, if any. Despite the interest in uncertainty methods, applying them poses some major hurdles because of the heavy reliance of EERE on forecasting tools that are deterministic in nature, such as the Energy Information Administration's (EIA's) National Energy Modeling System (NEMS). NEMS is the source of the influential Annual Energy Outlook whose business-as-usual (BAU) case, the Reference Case, forms the baseline for most of the U.S. energy policy discussion. NEMS is an optimizing model because: 1. it iterates to an equilibrium among modules representing the supply, demand, and energy conversion subsectors; and 2. several subsectoral models are individually solved using linear programs (LP). Consequently, it is deeply rooted in the recent past and any effort to simulate the consequences of a major regime shift as depicted in Figure 1 must come by applying an exogenously specified scenario. And, more generally, simulating futures that lie outside of our recent historic experience, even if they do not include regime switches suggest some form of scenario approach. At the same time, the statistical validity of scenarios that deviate significantly outside the ranges of historic inputs should be questioned.

  2. Determination of porosity of lignocellulosic biomass before and after pretreatment by using Simons' stain and NMR techniques

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    California at Riverside, University of

    . Introduction The demand for renewable fuel sources continues to grow, in part due to the diminishing supply sustain- able sources for renewable fuel production (Ragauskas et al., 2006). Undoubtedly, biofuels derived from this renewable re- source, biomass, will play a key role in reducing the world depen- dence

  3. 82 NATURE GEOSCIENCE | VOL 7 | FEBRUARY 2014 | www.nature.com/naturegeoscience research highlights

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cleveland, Cory

    cold and dry is enigmatic. Analysis of spacecraft imagery suggests that the valleys were carved of croplands could diminish carbon storage in terrestrial ecosystems. W. Kolby Smith of the University. Only in intensively managed regions of Asia and the industrialized West, primarily Europe and North

  4. Autophagic response of higher plant cells to a prolonged period of sucrose deprivation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Universit de

    , sudden temperature drop, water stress or the decrease of the circadian light period diminishes the rates in 3! P nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) experi- ments. Cells harvested from the culture medium were acid (PCA) extraction (Roby et aL, 1987), sucrose and starch determi- nations (Journet et al., 1986

  5. Optimal Production Planning under Time-sensitive Electricity Prices for

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Grossmann, Ignacio E.

    . Nowadays, two major trends increase the complexity of managing power-intensive processes. First, dereg pressure to reduce CO2 emissions and diminishing natural resources lead to an increasing share of renewable energies, which Center for Advanced Process Decision-making, Department of Chemical Engineering, Carnegie

  6. Chitosan-based therapeutic nanoparticles for combination gene therapy and gene silencing of in vitro cell lines relevant to type 2 diabetes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Buschmann, Michael

    Chitosan-based therapeutic nanoparticles for combination gene therapy and gene silencing found chitosans to form spherical nanocomplexes with these nucleic acids, generating two distinct non-cell function declines, efficacies of current treatments diminish (Turner et al., 1999). Recently, the discovery

  7. Development and assessment of a coupled strategy for conjugate heat transfer with Large Eddy Simulation.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Universit de

    the temperature and pressure levels reached in the combustor, and therefore the engine efficiency. Numerical simulations of the thermal interaction between fluid flows and solids offer new design paths to diminish converge to steady thermal states. There are two basic approaches to solve Conjugate Heat Transfer (CHT

  8. Sustainability: How Far Are We From Thou?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Patzek, Tadeusz W.

    -state economy" violates Second Law of Thermodynamics With ever more people striving to live like us throughput (power) it requires Conversely, the diminished power results in a simplification of social, solar photovoltaics, etc. require huge power, mostly from fossil fuels Advanced education for many

  9. Learning Curve: A Simulation-based Approach to Dynamic Pricing

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Greenwald, Amy

    horizon. In this article, we refer to this type of changing of prices over time as dynamic pricing. Cost markets, the costs associated with making frequent, instantaneous price changes are greatly diminished [2Learning Curve: A Simulation-based Approach to Dynamic Pricing Joan Morris DiMicco, Amy Greenwald

  10. Proceedings: Radiation Protection Technology Conference: Providence, RI, November 2001

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    None

    2002-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Health physics (HP) professionals within the nuclear industry are continually upgrading their respective programs with new methods and technologies. The move to shorter outages combined with a diminishing group of contract HP technicians and demanding emergent work makes such changes even more important. The EPRI Radiation Protection Technology Conference focused on a number of key health physics issues and developments.

  11. Proceedings: 2002 Radiation Protection Technology Conference: Baltimore, MD, October 2002

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    None

    2003-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

    In response to program pressures resulting from shorter outages, combined with a diminishing group of contract health physics (HP) technicians, HP professionals must continuously upgrade their programs. Demanding emergent work also requires HP technicians in the nuclear industry to use new methods and technologies. The EPRI Radiation Protection Technology Conference was directed at highlighting a number of key health physics issues and developments.

  12. Approved for public release; distribution is unlimited. ERDC TN-DOER-D12

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    US Army Corps of Engineers

    Grath, and Trudy J . E s tes PURPOSE: Upland disposal capacity for dredged material is diminishing in many Corps Districts, resulting in deferral of navigation dredging in some areas. There are many site land values, cost of construction, siting conflicts, and foundation strength limitations. Removal

  13. Highlighting Undergraduate Research Volume V, Spring 2014

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Acton, Scott

    will surpass the consumption rate. The concentration gradient diminishes because the diffusion distance, identical coverslip. A coverslip with the excysted C. parvum solution was observed through a 63x/1.4NA oil onthestageofaZeissZ1fluorescencemicroscope and observed through a 63x/1.4NA oil objective. For each area

  14. Agricultural Development Assessments and Strategies in Post Conflict Settings: An Empirical Case Study of Eight Southern Iraqi Provinces

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hafer, James C.

    2012-02-14T23:59:59.000Z

    market development and network infrastructure have all taken their toll on evolution and improvement of agricultural growth in southern Iraq. It may be that the largest threat to the future of Iraq is not violence, but the diminishing hope of young people...

  15. Iceberg Paper Published in Geophysical Research Letters 29(7), 10.1029/2001 GLO, 2002

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ross Sea, Antarctica, restricted the normal drift of pack ice, resulting in heavier spring/ summer pack formation of the Ross Sea polynya, a region of diminished sea ice cover in the midst of heavy pack ice north ecosystems. The B-15 iceberg, which calved off the Ross Ice Shelf in the biologically productive southwestern

  16. Economic Potential of Biomass Based Fuels for Greenhouse Gas Emission Mitigation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    McCarl, Bruce A.

    Words): Use of biofuels diminishes fossil fuel combustion thereby also reducing net greenhouse gasEconomic Potential of Biomass Based Fuels for Greenhouse Gas Emission Mitigation Uwe A. Schneider emissions. However, subsidies are needed to make agricultural biofuel production economically feasible

  17. Synovial fluid homeostasis : bulk flow, lubricant transport, and biophysical restoration

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    McCarty, William Joseph

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    biosynthesis with cycloheximide (CX) diminishes both theC) and cellular biosynthesis (CX) on matrix depletion (sGAG3) 28d (n=5) at 37C without CX, for (4) 28d (n=4) at 4C

  18. Mitigation and Adaptation Strategies for Global Change

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    concerns about rising energy demand and cost, diminishing oil reserves, and climate change, Central to prioritize enhancing national legislation, developing risk prevention plans, creating supply and demand side depend exclu- sively on oil products, gasoline and diesel. Oil is imported mostly from the Middle East

  19. Briefing Note 2010 25 16 December 2010

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pedersen, Tom

    of the CDM carbon market distortion issue are 19 chemical gas manufacturers, located mainly in China manufacturers in order to determine if the carbon crediting system has been manipulated.xi To date, China has1 Briefing Note 2010 25 16 December 2010 Carbon Market Distortions and Diminishing Environmental

  20. Ocean Thermal Energy Conversion LUIS A. VEGA

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    . Production, however, is peaking and humanity will face a steadily diminishing petroleum supply and higher make available to its customers. Baseload plant An energy plant devoted to the production of baseload generated by the production of electricity that are not included in the price charged to consumers

  1. Indirect control and power in mutual control Dominik Karos

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Guo, Zaoyang

    Indirect control and power in mutual control structures Dominik Karos Hans Peters This version of the paper, we axiomatically develop a class of power indices for invariant mutual control structures. We accumulates his Shapley-Shubik power index assignments from controlling other players, diminished by the sum

  2. DECEMBER 2002 2889F U E T A L . 2002 American Meteorological Society

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Li, Tim

    climatological intraseasonal oscillation (CISO) in comparisons of the results from a stand-alone ECHAM4 the equator) intensified (reduced). These two rainbelts are connected by the northward-propagating CISOs negative feedback also diminishes the excessive CISO variability in the equatorial Indian Ocean

  3. Multifamily Ventilation Retrofit Strategies

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ueno, K.; Lstiburek, J.; Bergey, D.

    2012-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

    In multifamily buildings, central ventilation systems often have poor performance, overventilating some portions of the building (causing excess energy use), while simultaneously underventilating other portions (causing diminished indoor air quality). BSC and Innova Services Corporation performed a series of field tests at a mid-rise test building undergoing a major energy audit and retrofit, which included ventilation system upgrades.

  4. FTIR spectroscopy can predict organic matter quality in2 regenerating cutover peatlands3

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Universit de

    emissions51 Soil Biology and Biochemistry #12;3 show a return to net carbon sequestration (Tuittila et al sequestration potential. Increased losses of dissolved organic carbon (DOC)55 have been observed from many area. Peat46 extraction for fuel and horticultural use has steadily diminished this carbon stock,47

  5. 65J.M. Grebmeier and W. Maslowski (eds.), The Pacific Arctic Region: Ecosystem Status and Trends in a Rapidly Changing Environment, DOI 10.1007/978-94-017-8863-2_4,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zhang, Jinlun

    , Sapporo, Japan K. Mizobata Department of Ocean Sciences, Tokyo University of Marine Science and Technology, Tokyo, Japan J.E. Overland Pacific Marine Environmental Laboratory, National Oceanic and Atmospheric mechanisms responsible for the diminishing sea ice cannot be explained by the leading Arctic Oscillation (AO

  6. Choose the most appropriate answer 1. A The predicted increase in global population will be particularly harmful in Africa where

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Romeo, Alessandro

    in developed and poor countries and doesn't diminish as the previous research said. 3. A Rich western countries brought contraceptives and introduced development policies to try to limit population growth in the world's poorest countries. 4. A Western spending on foreign programs is decreased in the last years. B Over 30

  7. Biomass Chronosequences of United States Forests: Implications for Carbon Storage

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lichstein, Jeremy W.

    Management and Carbon Sequestration Forests account for a large fraction of the carbon stored in global soils for forest management aimed at carbon sequestration is controversial. On the one hand, logging diminishes of succession (Peet 1981, 1992; Shugart 1984). In the context of forest management aimed at carbon sequestration

  8. ARTICLE IN PRESS Chemical Engineering Science ( )

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kjelstrup, Signe

    ; Evaporation; Entropy production; Paper drying; Optimisation17 1. Introduction19 To diminish energy resource be of importance. The entropy production for the paper drying7 process was therefore optimised for a conventional air-pockets of the machine. Our drying model for the paper temperature profile was first compared

  9. Vanadium catalysts break down biomass for fuels

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    - 1 - Vanadium catalysts break down biomass for fuels March 26, 2012 Vanadium catalysts break down biomass into useful components Due to diminishing petroleum reserves, non-food biomass (lignocellulose) is an attractive alternative as a feedstock for the production of renewable chemicals and fuels. The Department

  10. Speech masking and cancelling and voice obscuration

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Holzrichter, John F.

    2013-09-10T23:59:59.000Z

    A non-acoustic sensor is used to measure a user's speech and then broadcasts an obscuring acoustic signal diminishing the user's vocal acoustic output intensity and/or distorting the voice sounds making them unintelligible to persons nearby. The non-acoustic sensor is positioned proximate or contacting a user's neck or head skin tissue for sensing speech production information.

  11. 10.1101/gad.2016011Access the most recent version at doi: 2011 25: 499-515Genes Dev.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Meyer, Barbara

    , sequence- dependent manner, and dox (dependent on X) sites that reside primarily in promoters of expressed binding greatly reduce dox site binding but do not eliminate it. Instead, binding is diminished to the low. Thus, dox and autosomal sites have similar binding potential but are distinguished by linkage to rex

  12. American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics Performance Analysis of a Medium-Power Helicon Thruster

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Walker, Mitchell

    .1 x 10-5 Torr-Ar. Ion number density, electron temperature, and electron energy distribution function = electron temperature Vp = plasma floating potential ic = ion cyclotron frequency ec = electron cyclotron power because the solar energy available diminishes as the vehicles moves away from the sun. Therefore

  13. for a Sustainable Energy Future Sossina M. Haile

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Subramanian, Venkat

    years Diminishing Resources Hubberts peak analysis suggests we are past "peak" oil Geopolitical resistance slow mass diffusion power = I*V peak efficiency at low I peak power at mid I Current [A.8 theoretical voltagecross-over slow reaction kinetics membrane resistance slow mass diffusion peak power #12;A

  14. Coyotes, Jazz, and Creative Teams: Facing and Seeking Variance Russ Derickson

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gordon, Scott

    various domains. Recent reports of over reduction of variance through misuse of Six Sigma quality for their innovation entered into misapplication of Six-Sigma quality practices that severely diminished idea the apparent overuse of Six Sigma variance reduction in various enterprises, we present a systems model

  15. SUBMITTED TO THE INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF FLOW CONTROL, REVISED VERSION 1 Fluid Flow Control: a Vision-Based Approach

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Universit de

    SUBMITTED TO THE INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF FLOW CONTROL, REVISED VERSION 1 Fluid Flow Control, by visualizing a fluid flow, dense flow velocity maps can be computed via optical flow techniques by diminishing the fuel consumption of their aircrafts through drag reduction [1]. In contrast, in other

  16. JOURNAL DE PHYSIQUE IV Colloque C9, supplement au Journal de Physique 111,Volume 3, decembre 1993

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyer, Edmond

    is receiving renewed analysis. The role of convoluted metalloxide interfaces in promoting or diminishing. Adhesion relates to interfacial energy, Ti, through Wad = Ti - -%x (*) Keynote lecture. Article published online by EDP Sciences and available at http://dx.doi.org/10.1051/jp4:1993904 #12;66 JOURNAL DE PHYSIQUE

  17. RESEARCH LETTERS Vibrating insoles and balance

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Collins, James J.

    , and such changes have been associated with diminished motor performance. Input noise can enhance sensory and motor be substantially reduced through the application of mechanical noise to the feet via vibrating insoles. We usedRESEARCH LETTERS Vibrating insoles and balance control in elderly people Attila A Priplata, James B

  18. Noise-Enhanced Balance Control in Patients with Diabetes and Patients with Stroke

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Collins, James J.

    with stroke, resulting in diminished motor performance. Recently, it has been shown that input noise can mechanical noise applied to the soles of the feet via vibrating insoles can be used to improve quietNoise-Enhanced Balance Control in Patients with Diabetes and Patients with Stroke Attila A

  19. Constructing a metrics for blur perception with blur discrimination experiments

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chen, Chein Chung

    . Changing mean luminance of the edge has little effect on blur discrimination except at very low luminance. When luminance is low, the blur discrimination was higher at small reference blur than those measured at medium to high luminance. This difference diminished at large reference blur. Such luminance effect can

  20. Brighter, more colorful colors and darker, deeper colors based on a theme of brilliance

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fairchild, Mark D.

    a highly colorful arrangement of flowers, a clear blue sky, and the glossy red lipstick of a beautiful lady, flesh tones - should be rendered as original while other features such as a blue sky on a crisp winter on the appearance of gray that diminishes to zero (G0) as the luminance of a chromatic stimulus approaches

  1. A comparative study of women in early modern England and their contemporaries in the Ottoman Empire

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jackson, Emily Anne

    2013-02-22T23:59:59.000Z

    and their Muslim contemporaries in the Ottoman Empire lived in worlds that, superficially, seem poles-apart. However, perhaps it is the emphasis on their histories that diminishes the similarities between these two groups of women. The West and the East shared...

  2. s e c t i o n Building the new grid | white Paper www.generAtinginsights.com

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    grid: it challenges for energy Distribution grid operators the e-energy moma project addresses of an increased demand for energy, while traditional energy generation resources are diminishing. Therefore, global policy makers have begun crafting roadmaps to increase energy efficiency and sustainable, "green

  3. http://oss.sagepub.com Organization Studies

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    may be diminished through over-reliance on calculative rationality. Keywords: skills, expertise, rules, 2007http://oss.sagepub.comDownloaded from #12;`The machines will have reasoning power diagnosis to product design, from management decisions to education.' (Feigenbaum and McCorduck 1983: 56

  4. LEXSEE 35 GOLDEN GATE U.L. REV. 429 Copyright (c) 2005 Golden Gate University

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kammen, Daniel M.

    petroleum fuel and internal combustion engine ("ICE") manufacturers, will thus be the focus of this Comment, which diminishes the size of wildlife corridors. n6 These are just a few of the international social and environmental harms associated with the petro indus- try. n7 Comprising oil companies, refineries, engine

  5. Arain garden is a planted depression that is designed to absorb rainwater runoff from

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Scott, Robert A.

    best management practices like pervious pavement, bioretention, and cisterns has become the standard by allowing stormwater to soak into the ground (as opposed to flowing into storm drains and surface waters which causes erosion, water pollution, flooding, and diminished groundwater). A raingarden is designed

  6. CORROSION OF NUCLEAR WASTE GLASSES IN NON-SATURATED CONDITIONS: TIME-TEMPERATURE BEHAVIOUR

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sheffield, University of

    CORROSION OF NUCLEAR WASTE GLASSES IN NON-SATURATED CONDITIONS: TIME-TEMPERATURE BEHAVIOUR Michael Rostovsky Lane, 2/14, Moscow, 119121, Russia This paper examines corrosion behaviour of radioactive term natural tests. These demonstrated diminishing of release rates of radionuclides by time. Corrosion

  7. How do we create a m re sustainable

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    for cold climates, and in- vestigating the use of recycled asphalt materials and other industrial by-products including shingles and tires. With diminishing available sources of high quality virgin aggregate, developing the use of lower quality aggregate sources and recycled aggregate materials in the con- struction

  8. arXiv:math.SC/0110029 Shockcapturing with natural high frequency oscillations

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    resolution solution for a system involving the interaction of shock turbulent boundary layer is a severe challenge. More sophisticated approaches, such as total variation diminishing (TVD), essentially nonoscillatory (ENO) [1], weighted essentially nonoscillatory (WENO), characteristicbasedsplit (CBS) [2

  9. Wave spectral energy variability in the northeast Peter D. Bromirski

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bromirski, Peter D.

    January 2005; published 8 March 2005. [1] The dominant characteristics of wave energy variability of monthly wave energy anomalies reveal that all three wave energy components exhibit similar patterns of spatial variability. The dominant mode represents coherent heightened (or diminished) wave energy along

  10. MINERAL FINE STRUCTURE OF THE AMERICAN LOBSTER CUTICLE JOSEPH G. KUNKEL,1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kunkel, Joseph G.

    . Calcite and amorphous calcium carbonate are the most abundant and most acid vulnerable of the cuticle than calcium carbonate has been diminished. But this detail in crustaceans is now yielding. Milne-Edwards, 1837, that the 3 minerals calcite, amorphous calcium carbonate (ACC), and carbonate

  11. 47TH ANNUAL CONFERENCE ON INFORMATION SCIENCES AND SYSTEMS, MARCH 2013 1 A Modified Bethe Free Energy Approximation for

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Regalia, Phillip A.

    to a modified Bethe free energy function. Applications to distributed coding in sensor networks are also of the side information diminishes. Index Terms--belief propagation, Bethe free energy, codeword quantization connection with a modified Bethe free energy approximation. We likewise illustrate its performance

  12. July 26, 2010 The Global Supply and Demand for Agricultural Land in 2050

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ginzel, Matthew

    new #12;source of industrial demand in agricultural markets (Energy Information Agency 2010). To compound matters, water, a key input into agricultural production, is rapidly diminishing in availabilityJuly 26, 2010 The Global Supply and Demand for Agricultural Land in 2050: A Perfect Storm

  13. Application of burnable absorbers in an accelerator driven system Jan Wallenius, Kamil Tucek, Johan Carlsson, Waclaw Gudowski

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Carlsson, Waclaw Gudowski Department of Nuclear & Reactor Physics Royal Institute of Technology 100 44 to achieve smallest possible power peakings at a BOL sub-criticality level of 0.97. Detailed Monte Carlo to corresponding values in BA free cores, BA introduction diminishes reactivity losses in TRU fuelled sub-critical

  14. Effect of Temperature on Carbon-Black Agglomeration in Hydrocarbon Liquid with Adsorbed Dispersant

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    can agglomerate, increasing the viscosity of the oil and significantly diminishing its lubrication performance. The soot can also form a high-viscosity sludge which can also degrade lubricant effectivenessEffect of Temperature on Carbon-Black Agglomeration in Hydrocarbon Liquid with Adsorbed Dispersant

  15. Profligate Execution Nearly four decades after its first implementation in the IBM 360/91 floating-point

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lipasti, Mikko H.

    . Diminishing performance returns and the difficulty of building large, monolithic instruction windows has of transistors that can fit on a single chip as well as the decreasing distance that a signal can travel that obtains comparable performance to a single monolithic window. As with many tech- niques that attempt

  16. Shear viscosity and shear thinning in two-dimensional Yukawa , J. Goree2

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Goree, John

    Shear viscosity and shear thinning in two-dimensional Yukawa liquids Z. Donko1 , J. Goree2 , P using two different nonequi- librium molecular dynamics simulation methods. Shear viscosity values.e., the viscosity diminishes with increasing shear rate. It is expected that two-dimensional dusty plasmas

  17. Two-Level Free-Form Deformation for High-Fidelity Aerodynamic Shape Optimization

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zingg, David W.

    awakened global awareness.1 Its disastrous impacts on the environ- ment have long been linked to oil, whose diminishing world reserves have led to a substantial rise in fuel prices. As far as the aviation industry of incorporating an high-fidelity finite-element structural solver in the near future. Historically, shape control

  18. Bidding optimum bonus for federal offshore oil and gas leases

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Lohrenz, J.

    1987-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

    How a bidder should bid for federal offshore oil and gas leases offered by bonus bidding is detailed. Quantitative answers are given for bidders seeking to maximize value as well as reserves. The winner's curse is delineated. Further, it is shown how bidding as a joint venture rather than solo can diminish bidders' values.

  19. Global Change and Sustainability Center Spring Seminar Series

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tipple, Brett

    Professor of Geophysics, University of Michigan Tuesday, March 18, 2014 4:00 to 5:00 p, tourism, and military activity. Bio Henry Pollack, a Professor of Geophysics at the University of Michigan as `polar amplification'. The summer sea-ice is in rapid decline, the winter sea-ice is also diminishing

  20. Characterizing a tropical deforestation wave: a dynamic spatial analysis of a deforestation hotspot in the

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Queensland, University of

    Characterizing a tropical deforestation wave: a dynamic spatial analysis of a deforestation hotspot deforestation is the major contemporary threat to global biodiversity, because a diminishing extent of tropical of deforestation. How- ever, it is not a random process, but often moves in waves originating from settled areas

  1. Int. J. Product Lifecycle Management, Vol. X, No. Y, xxxx 1 Copyright 200x Inderscience Enterprises Ltd.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sandborn, Peter

    Int. J. Product Lifecycle Management, Vol. X, No. Y, xxxx 1 Copyright 200x Inderscience and management policy. Keywords: component obsolescence; product lifecycle management; diminishing manufacturing severely affected systems are sustainment-dominated, which means their long-term sustainment (lifecycle

  2. An Integrated Circuit/Architecture Approach to Reducing Leakage in Deep-Submicron High-Performance I-Caches

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Vijaykumar, T. N.

    battery life and diminishes the utility of por- table systems. Historically, the primary source of energy] estimates a factor of 7.5 increase in leakage current and a five-fold increase in total leakage energy- ing speeds by scaling down the supply voltage and proportionately reducing the transistor threshold

  3. IBMS BoneKEy. 2009 April;6(4):132-149 http://www.bonekey-ibms.org/cgi/content/full/ibmske;6/4/132

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    and osteoporosis, yet uniquely without targeting the resident fat or bone cell. IBMS BoneKEy. 2009 April;6(4):132-149. 2009 International Bone & Mineral Society Introduction Osteoporosis and obesity, two of the most billion dollars in annual health service costs. (1) Osteoporosis, a disease characterized by diminished

  4. Occlusion Culling and Z-Fail for Soft Shadow Volume Algorithms Ulf Assarsson Tomas Akenine-Moller

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Assarsson, Ulf

    the umbra region. Several soft shadow algorithms exist, but most of them suffer from either 1) not being, starting at zero at the occluder [12]. II. The umbra region should diminish in size with increasing light source is so large that there is no umbra region at all. Still, we strongly believe that the penumbra

  5. Occlusion Culling and Z-Fail for Soft Shadow Volume Algorithms Ulf Assarsson Tomas Akenine-Moller

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    to full shadow, called the umbra region. Several soft shadow algorithms exist, but most of them suffer with distance from the occluder, starting at zero at the occluder [12]. II. The umbra region should diminish, artifacts may appear when the light source is so large that there is no umbra region at all. Still, we

  6. Sonochemistry and sonoluminescence in microfluidics , Siew-Wan Ohla

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ohl, Claus-Dieter

    Sonochemistry and sonoluminescence in microfluidics Tandionoa , Siew-Wan Ohla , Dave S. W. Owb within a narrow channel of polydimethylsiloxane-based microfluidic devices. In the microfluidics channels to boundaries (for example, in microfluidics), in- stabilities develop into liquid jets that diminish the energy

  7. Adaptive Steering Control for Autonomous Lane Change Plamen Petrov and Fawzi Nashashibi, Member, IEEE

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Universit de

    for autonomous lane change maneuver with respect to a stopped vehicle. First, we derive a dynamic model the roadway capacity and diminish air pollution by efficient use of fuel. Fully automated vehicle operation steering controller for an autonomous lane change maneuver with respect to a stopped vehicle. We consider

  8. Polymethylmethacrylate blocking trays. The effects of repeated usage

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Biggs, P.J.

    1983-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Sheets of polymethylmethacrylate (Lucite), which are commonly used to hold low-melting-point alloy blocks for radiation therapy treatments, are frequently recycled; subsequently, they generally contain a substantial number of holes. Experiments which have been performed to measure the deflection of these plates under a load indicate that, even with many holes drilled through the plates, their strength is not diminished significantly.

  9. SMB: Collision detection based on temporal coherence C.F. Li, Y.T. Feng *, D.R.J. Owen

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Martin, Ralph R.

    in applications such as video games, animation, computer aided design and vir- tual reality. In robotics to each Cartesian axis. The projected intervals on the axes are separately sorted by the diminishing detection is of great importance in fields such as computer graphics [1­ 4,14], robotics [5], computational

  10. Constitutive model for predicting dynamic interactions between soil ejecta and structural panels

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wadley, Haydn

    Blast loading a b s t r a c t A constitutive model is developed for the high-rate deformation that the deflections and reaction forces induced by the blast are smaller and the incidence of tearing is diminished to the structure (relative to a thicker solid plate) through a fluid/structure interaction (FSI) effect (Deshpande

  11. October 200524 F E A T U R EF E A T U R E

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    sources that may possibly replace fossil fuels are listed in Table 1. Although renewable energy sourcesOctober 200524 F E A T U R EF E A T U R E T he fossil fuel era is almost over. Although fossil to produce it) sufficient to replace the diminishing supplies of fossil fuels in an increasingly urbanized

  12. Valuation of plug-in vehicle life-cycle air emissions and oil displacement benefits

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Michalek, Jeremy J.

    emissions and oil consumption from conventional vehicles, hybrid-electric vehicles (HEVs), plug-in hybrid efficient approach to emissions and oil consumption reduction, lifetime cost of plug-in vehicles must gaso- line consumption, helping to diminish dependency on imported oil. Recognizing these benefits, US

  13. Prediction of Channel State for Cognitive Radio Using Higher-Order Hidden Markov Model

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Qiu, Robert Caiming

    Prediction of Channel State for Cognitive Radio Using Higher-Order Hidden Markov Model Zhe Chen implementation. Prediction can be utilized to diminish the negative effect of such latency. In this paper, this latency is illustrated, and an approach for prediction of channel state using higher-order hidden Markov

  14. Self-Powered Processors Andrew Putnam, Luis Ceze Bryna Hazelton

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ceze, Luis

    for computing systems ranging from embedded devices to massive data centers. Power con- sumption diminishes design systems with self-powered processors? What are the implications from em- bedded systems to data! And software systems developers need to worry less about power consumption! What are the implications

  15. An airport emergency is any occasion, natural or man-made, that threatens lives,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Minnesota, University of

    the possibility of secondary damage, and speed recovery operations by mobilizing emergency response personnel, preparedness, response, and recovery. Mitigation prevents, alleviates, or diminishes the potential effects and equipment, conducting search and rescue, alerting the public, or evacuating affected areas. The recovery

  16. Eleventh International Conference on Miniaturized Systems for Chemistry and Life Sciences 7 11 October 2007, Paris, FRANCE

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rubloff, Gary W.

    into the microchannel a GFP solution containing tyrosinase, which activated a genetically engineered pro-tag on the GFP in Fig.2(b) was performed without adding tyrosinase in the GFP solution. The fluorescence diminished-specific bonding. Flow tyrosinase GFP pro-tag activation Flow tyrosinase GFP pro-tag activation chitosan molecule

  17. Analysis and Implications of IC Cooling for Deep Nanometer Scale CMOS Technologies Sheng-Chih Lin, Ravi Mahajan1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    ., Chandler, AZ, 85226 2 Circuit Research Labs, Intel Corp., Hillsboro, OR, 97124 Abstract Cooled chip, it is shown that system level power defines a temperature limit beyond which cooling gives diminishing returns for microprocessors. In addition to performance, the benefits of cooling are also quantified from a system level power

  18. XRDS SUMMER 2011 VOL .17 NO.414 Sustainable

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dutta, Prabal

    , they will need to break their addiction to batteries and opt instead for a more sustainable power source--energy sustainable. Today's predominantly battery-powered sen- sors simply require too much main- tenance overhead requires volume. Solar cell power, in contrast, diminishes quadratically with the principal node dimension

  19. MSU Extension Publication Archive Archive copy of publication, do not use for current recommendations. Up-to-date

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    -air mixture found in the storage tank is more explosive than the rich fuel and air mixture in gasoline tanks TO FIND LIQUID FUEL replace- ments for diminishing gasoline supplies, ethanol has so far received most to clean, odorless exhaust emissions. Meth- anol is less of a fire hazard than gasoline. However, the vapor

  20. Relic gravitational waves and the generalized second law

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    German Izquierdo; Diego Pavon

    2005-01-12T23:59:59.000Z

    The generalized second law of gravitational thermodynamics is applied to the present era of accelerated expansion of the Universe. In spite of the fact that the entropy of matter and relic gravitational waves inside the event horizon diminish, the mentioned law is fulfilled provided that the expression for the entropy density of the gravitational waves satisfies a certain condition.