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1

Industrial Energy Efficiency Programs: Development and Trends  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

As more states establish Energy Efficiency Resource Standards (EERS), goals for energy efficiency savings are increasing across the country. Increasingly, states are relying on their industrial energy efficiency programs to find and help implement those savings. Historically, industrial energy efficiency programs have not been completely effective at finding those savings, in large part because the programs have not been flexible enough to accommodate the heterogeneous needs and unique characteristics of the industrial sector. This paper will discuss the state of industrial energy efficiency programs today. Relying on an ACEEE-administered survey of 35 industrial energy efficiency programs, we will determine current trends and challenges, address emerging needs, and identify best practices in the administration of today's industrial efficiency programs. The paper will serve as an update on industrial energy efficiency program activities and discuss the ways in which today's programs are trying to serve their industrial clients better.

Chittum, A.; Kaufman, N.; Elliot, N.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

2

Electricity and Development: Global Trends and Key Challenges  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Electricity and Development: Global Trends and Key Challenges Romeo Pacudan, PhD Risoe National · Prospects for electricity development · Investment requirements · Key challenges · Final remarks #12 and the transport burden in Tanzania. Source: Modi, 2004 #12;2. Energy and Human Development Access to electricity

3

Wind Energy Technology Trends: Comparing and Contrasting Recent Cost and Performance Forecasts (Poster)  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Poster depicts wind energy technology trends, comparing and contrasting recent cost and performance forecasts.

Lantz, E.; Hand, M.

2010-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

4

Property:Depiction | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Depiction Depiction Jump to: navigation, search This is a property of type Page. It is equivalent to the well-known foaf:depiction property. Subproperties This property has the following 1 subproperty: C California Independent System Operator Pages using the property "Depiction" Showing 25 pages using this property. (previous 25) (next 25) 1 1366 Technologies + 1366.logo.jpg + 1st Light Energy, Inc. + 1stlightenergy.jpg + 2 2008 Solar Technologies Market Report + Logo doe c.jpg + 21-Century Silicon, Inc. + 21CenturySilicon-logo.png + 3 3Degrees + 3D Logo F CMYK.jpg + 3TIER + 3tier logo.png + 4 4th Day Energy + 4thdayenergy.gif + 5 5 boro biofuel + Mail.jpeg + @ @Ventures (California) + @ventures.gif + @Ventures (Massachusetts) + @ventures.gif + A A Case for Climate Neutrality: Case Studies on Moving Towards a Low Carbon Economy + UNEP.JPG +

5

A Renaissance Depiction of a Tornado  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In the Renaissance, impressive weather features inspired considerable interest among artists. The depiction of a tornado and other weather features are discussed that appear on a sixteenth-century series of 12 huge tapestries (Conquest of Tunis)...

Klaus P. Hoinka; Manuel de Castro

2005-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

6

USAID-Energy Trends in Developing Asia: Priorities for a Low-Carbon Future  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

USAID-Energy Trends in Developing Asia: Priorities for a Low-Carbon Future USAID-Energy Trends in Developing Asia: Priorities for a Low-Carbon Future Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary Name: USAID-Energy Trends in Developing Asia: Priorities for a Low-Carbon Future Agency/Company /Organization: United States Agency for International Development (USAID) Sector: Climate, Energy Focus Area: Renewable Energy, Economic Development Topics: GHG inventory, Low emission development planning, Policies/deployment programs Resource Type: Publications User Interface: Other Website: redd-net.org/resource-library/Energy+Trends+in+Developing+Asia%3A+Prio Language: English USAID-Energy Trends in Developing Asia: Priorities for a Low-Carbon Future Screenshot References: USAID-Energy Trends in Developing Asia: Priorities for a Low-Carbon Future[1]

7

Development FERTILIZER CONSUMPTION TRENDS IN SUB-SAHARAN AFRICA  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

INTRODUCTION: It is well understood that intensification of smallholder agriculture is critical to future economic development in most of Sub-Saharan Africa (SSA). There is a widespread view, however, that smallholders use of agricultural inputs, notably

T. S. Jayne; Valerie Kelly; Eric Crawford

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

8

Trends in electricity demand and supply in the developing countries, 1980--1990  

SciTech Connect

This report provides an overview of trends concerning electricity demand and supply in the developing countries in the 1980--1990 period, with special focus on 13 major countries for which we have assembled consistent data series. We describe the linkage between electricity demand and economic growth, the changing sectoral composition of electricity consumption, and changes in the mix of energy sources for electricity generation. We also cover trends in the efficiency of utility electricity supply with respect to power plant efficiency and own-use and delivery losses, and consider the trends in carbon dioxide emissions from electricity supply.

Meyers, S.; Campbell, C.

1992-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

9

Case studies of current trends in development geology  

SciTech Connect

Traditionally, development geologists have been responsible for studying leases, logs, and cores in detail in support of engineering functions. These responsibilities have grown from defining gross reservoir geometries to understanding subtle differences in reservoirs attributed to stratigraphic and structural complexities, depositional environments, and hydrodynamic processes. To handle these increased responsibilities, expertise has become essential in the areas of computer applications, log analysis, modeling, and management of produced water. Examples of the use and application of each area to projects from fields on the west side of the San Joaquin Valley demonstrate current techniques employed by development geologists and the evolution of a development department within Texaco. A study of a property in the South Belridge field on which 330 wells were drilled over a two-year period illustrates how computer resources have become vital in handling the vast amount of data needed to perform detailed geologic studies. Intricate geologic characterization has become essential to optimizing and defining reservoir performance in several fields: (1) Southeast Lost Hills, a complex diagenetic trap; (2) Buena Vista Hills, where log analysis is needed to make reserve estimates and step-out potential meaningful; (3) Midway-Sunset field, for which detailed geology leads to new field-wide models and future prospects. Increasing environmental concern over waste disposal has required an important involvement of development geologists in the geologic and hydrologic aspects of subsurface injection of produced water and other brines in the Santiago Creek field. Instead of providing a training ground for future explorationists, development geology should be viewed as an alternative career with potential for a much greater demand in the future.

Livingston, N.D.

1987-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

10

Overview of recent trends and developments for BPM systems  

SciTech Connect

Beam position monitoring (BPM) systems are the workhorse of beam diagnostics for almost any kind of charged particle accelerator: linear, circular or transport-lines, operating with leptons, hadrons or heavy ions. BPMs are essential for beam commissioning, accelerator fault analysis and trouble shooting, machine optics, as well as lattice measurements, and finally, for accelerator optimization, in order to achieve the ultimate beam quality. This presentation summarizes the efforts of the beam instrumentation community on recent developments and advances on BPM technologies, i.e. BPM pickup monitors and front-end electronics (analog and digital). Principles, examples, and state-of-the-art status on various BPM techniques, serving hadron and heavy ion machines, sync light synchrotron's, as well as electron linacs for FEL or HEP applications are outlined.

Wendt, M.; /Fermilab

2011-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

11

Current trends in transmission system planning needed in competitive and deregulated environment using artificial intelligence  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper picturesquely depicts the changing trends and values under new circumstances which are developed in the sector of electric power system i.e. generation side and partly on the way in transmission and distribution network. A very clear advocacy ... Keywords: competitive, congestion, deregulation, market dynamic, monitoring, restructuring

Aamir Mahboob Ilahi; Suhail Aftab Qureshi

2006-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

12

Wind Power Development in the United States: Current Progress, Future Trends  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Cost, and Performance Trends: 2007. Washington, D.C. :Current Progress, Future Trends Ryan H. Wiser 1 Lawrencekeeping up with current trends in the marketplace has become

Wiser, Ryan H

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

13

Econophysics: A Brief Review of Historical Development, Present Status and Future Trends  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The conventional economic approaches explore very little about the dynamics of the economic systems. Since such systems consist of a large number of agents interacting nonlinearly they exhibit the properties of a complex system. Therefore the tools of statistical physics and nonlinear dynamics has been proved to be very useful the underlying dynamics of the system. In this paper we introduce the concept of the multidisciplinary field of econophysics, a neologism that denotes the activities of Physicists who are working on economic problems to test a variety of new conceptual approaches deriving from the physical science and review the recent developments in the discipline and possible future trends.

B. G. Sharma; Sadhana Agrawal; Malti Sharma; D. P. Bisen; Ravi Sharma

2011-08-04T23:59:59.000Z

14

Empirical support for global integrated assessment modeling: Productivity trends and technological change in developing countries' agriculture and electric power sectors  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Council on Energy and Environment, for Mexico, the NationalMexico, Brazil, and Indonesia), examining long-run trends in productivity, technological change, energy andenergy-intensive manufacturing sectors of five developing countries, India, Brazil, Mexico,

Sathaye, Jayant A.

2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

15

Wind Power Development in the United States: Current Progress, Future Trends  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

incremental costs of achieving 20% wind energy are projectedKeywords: Wind energy, renewable energy, cost trends,

Wiser, Ryan H

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

16

Development of the optimized waterflooding pattern for the naturally fractured Spraberry Trend area  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The Spraberry Trend area has produced oil since 1949 with a history of low productivity and unresponsive waterflooding within areas of interest in the field. It has been shown over the years that the conventional line drive waterflooding approach is highly ineffective in this field and there is a need to develop unique ways in which the reservoir can be waterflooded and produced. The reservoir model used for this study was developed in two distinct steps to speed up the development and ascertain the accuracy of the model. The preliminary model introduced only a single water injector while the final model included all the injectors around the area of interest. In developing the model, we found that the conventional simulation grid orientation which is normally employed in dynamic model building could not be applied to the Spraberry. Rather, fracture enhancements were introduced into the model to represent and model the complex fracture network. This proved valuable in validating the final reservoir model which was used for the various studies in this research. This thesis examined the influence of the distance and orientation of producers to injectors, water injection rate, fracture spacing and reservoir wettability in the effectiveness of waterflooding in the Spraberry with the hope that the distance and orientation of producers to injectors as well as the water injection rate can be optimized and implemented in the field. Furthermore it is hoped that this research will throw more light on how fracture spacing and matrix wettability affect the response of producers to water injectors. Reservoir simulation work contained in this thesis was performed on an 800 acre area of the O'Daniel pilot. Some of the results obtained validated earlier studies while other results provided new insights into the behavior of waterflooding in this reservoir. By systematically using the developed simulation model to confirm the production pattern observed in the field, the results obtained show that attention has to be paid to the orientation of the production wells relative to the water injectors and the dominant fractures. The effects of the fracture orientation and fracture spacing at various distances from the water injector were also investigated and it was concluded that if the producer is close to the water injector, the fracture orientation will dominate fluid movement while the farther the injector and producers are placed apart, the greater the influence of the fracture spacing on the fluid movement. Investigating the wettability, we found that with a high water matrix wettability, it was possible to optimize the injection rate. At low wettability however, we found that it is not possible to optimize the injection rate since the water injection rate has a somewhat inverse relationship with oil production. Finally, the result obtained by this research shows that fracture spacing of 10ft could be considered as the critical spacing, above which there is an insignificant effect of fracture spacing on the performance of the waterflooding in the Spraberry.

Dabiri, Adegoke

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

17

Wind Power Development in the United States: Current Progress, Future Trends  

SciTech Connect

The U.S. wind power industry is in an era of substantial growth, with the U.S. and China likely to vie for largest-market status for years to come. With the market evolving at such a rapid pace, keeping up with current trends in the marketplace has become increasingly difficult. At the same time, limits to future growth are uncertain. This paper summarizes major trends in the U.S. wind market, and explores the technical and economic feasibility of achieving much greater levels of wind penetration. China would be well served to conduct similar analyses of the feasibility, benefits, challenges, and policy needs associated with much higher levels of wind power generation than currently expressed in national targets.

Wiser, Ryan H

2008-10-29T23:59:59.000Z

18

Empirical support for global integrated assessment modeling: Productivity trends and technological change in developing countries' agriculture and electric power sectors  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Integrated assessment (IA) modeling of climate policy is increasingly global in nature, with models incorporating regional disaggregation. The existing empirical basis for IA modeling, however, largely arises from research on industrialized economies. Given the growing importance of developing countries in determining long-term global energy and carbon emissions trends, filling this gap with improved statistical information on developing countries' energy and carbon-emissions characteristics is an important priority for enhancing IA modeling. Earlier research at LBNL on this topic has focused on assembling and analyzing statistical data on productivity trends and technological change in the energy-intensive manufacturing sectors of five developing countries, India, Brazil, Mexico, Indonesia, and South Korea. The proposed work will extend this analysis to the agriculture and electric power sectors in India, South Korea, and two other developing countries. They will also examine the impact of alternative model specifications on estimates of productivity growth and technological change for each of the three sectors, and estimate the contribution of various capital inputs--imported vs. indigenous, rigid vs. malleable-- in contributing to productivity growth and technological change. The project has already produced a data resource on the manufacturing sector which is being shared with IA modelers. This will be extended to the agriculture and electric power sectors, which would also be made accessible to IA modeling groups seeking to enhance the empirical descriptions of developing country characteristics. The project will entail basic statistical and econometric analysis of productivity and energy trends in these developing country sectors, with parameter estimates also made available to modeling groups. The parameter estimates will be developed using alternative model specifications that could be directly utilized by the existing IAMs for the manufacturing, agriculture, and electric power sectors.

Sathaye, Jayant A.

2000-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

19

Net Metering Policy Development and Distributed Solar Generation in Minnesota: Overview of Trends in Nationwide Policy Development and Implications of Increasing the Eligible System Size Cap  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

0 0 December 2009 Net Metering Policy Development in Minnesota: Overview of Trends in Nationwide Policy Development and Implications of Increasing the Eligible System Size Cap Elizabeth Doris, Sarah Busche, and Stephen Hockett National Renewable Energy Laboratory 1617 Cole Boulevard, Golden, Colorado 80401-3393 303-275-3000 * www.nrel.gov NREL is a national laboratory of the U.S. Department of Energy Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy Operated by the Alliance for Sustainable Energy, LLC Contract No. DE-AC36-08-GO28308 Technical Report NREL/TP-6A2-46670 December 2009 Net Metering Policy Development in Minnesota: Overview of Trends in Nationwide Policy Development and Implications of Increasing the Eligible System Size Cap

20

Diffused paradigms: musical depictions of biodegradation, refraction of sound, and memory deterioration in Sorensen's Sterbende Garten.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??In Sterbende Grten (Decaying or Dying Gardens) Bent Srensen employs specific compositional methods in order to depict biodegradation of plants, refraction of sound, and memory (more)

Thomas, Brian David

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "development trends depicted" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


21

FRIT DEVELOPMENT FOR HIGH LEVEL WASTE SLUDGE BATCH 5: COMPOSITIONAL TRENDS FOR VARYING ALUMINUM CONCENTRATIONS  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The objective of this study was to experimentally measure the properties and performance of a series of glasses with compositions that could represent Sludge Batch 5 (SB5) as processed at the Defense Waste Processing Facility (DWPF). The data was used to provide recommendations to the Liquid Waste Organization (LWO) regarding blending and washing strategies in preparing SB5 based on acceptability of the glass compositions. These data were also used to guide frit optimization efforts as the SB5 composition was finalized. Glass compositions for this study were developed by combining a series of SB5 composition projections with a group of frits. Three composition projections for SB5 were developed using a model-based approach at Savannah River National Laboratory (SRNL). These compositions, referred to as SB5 Cases B, C and D, projected removal of 25, 50 and 75% (respectively) of the aluminum in Tank 51 through the low temperature aluminum dissolution process. The frits for this study (Frits 530 through 537) were selected based on their predicted operating windows (i.e., ranges of waste loadings over which the predicted properties of the glasses were acceptable) and their potential (based on historical trends) to provide acceptable melt rates for SB5. Six additional glasses were designed to evaluate alternatives for uranium in DWPF-type glasses used for variability studies and some scoping studies. Since special measures are necessary when working with uranium-containing glasses in the laboratory, it is desirable as a cost and time saving measure to find an alternative for uranium to support frit optimization efforts. Hafnium and neodymium were investigated as potential surrogates for uranium, and other glasses were made by simply excluding the radioactive components and renormalizing the glass composition. The study glasses were fabricated and characterized at SRNL. Chemical composition analyses suggested only minor difficulties in meeting the targeted compositions for some of the oxides for some of the glasses. Although minor differences were observed, they did not have a significant impact on the conclusions made in this study. Several of the study compositions showed retention of more than 0.5 wt% SO{sub 4}{sup 2-} in glass. Trevorite (a spinel) was the only crystalline phase that was positively identified in a few of the study glasses after the canister centerline cooled (CCC) heat treatment. Spinels are not of concern as they have been shown to have little impact on the durability of high level waste glasses. The crystallization behavior of the surrogate glasses was generally the same as that of their U{sub 3}O{sub 8}-containing counterparts. There are two pairs that were exceptions: SB5-04 (amorphous) and SB5-24 (possible trevorite), along with SB5-07 (amorphous) and SB5-25 (trevorite). In these cases, the surrogate glasses (SB5-24 and SB5-25) appear to be more conservative (more prone to crystallization) than their U{sub 3}O{sub 8}-containing counterparts. Chemical durability was quantified using the Product Consistency Test (PCT). The normalized leachate (NL) values for B, Li, Na and Si for all of the study glasses were well below those of the Environmental Assessment (EA) benchmark glass, regardless of heat treatment or compositional view. This indicates that all of the glasses had very acceptable durability performance. The highest NL [B] for the study glasses was 0.914 g/L (the quenched version of glass SB5-13), normalized using the measured, bias-correct composition. There was little practical impact of the CCC heat treatment on the PCT responses of the study glasses. The measured PCT responses were predictable by the current {Delta}G{sub p} models. In general, the PCT responses for the surrogate glasses or the glasses without U{sub 3}O{sub 8} were quite similar to their U{sub 3}O{sub 8}-containing counterparts. The average percent error in NL [B] normalized by the measured, bias-corrected compositions for the surrogate glasses compared with their radioactive counterparts was 8.8%. The largest difference in NL

Fox, K; Tommy Edwards; David Best; Irene Reamer; Phyllis Workman

2008-08-28T23:59:59.000Z

22

1 New Technologies, Industry Developments and Emission Trends in Key Sectors: The Energy Sector  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Australias total primary energy consumption grew by 3.6 per cent per annum between 1993/94 and 1997/98, while primary energy use in the electricity sector rose by more than 5 per cent per year over the same period. Since 1993/94, brown coal has strongly expanded its share in the fuel mix of the interconnected electricity markets of Victoria, New South Wales, the Australian Capital Territory, and South Australia. It has become the primary fuel source for electricity generation, substituting for hydro, natural gas and hard coal. At the national level, this has meant that the long-term trend towards greater use of natural gas has stalled in favour of coal, especially brown coal. Since Victorias brown coal plants have relatively low thermal efficiencies, this substitution has also had the effect of reducing the average thermal efficiency in the power market to the levels of the late 1980s (IEA, 2001b). It should be noted that the economic objective of reducing the price of power which has driven the first stage of reform in the electricity industry in Australia has perversely encouraged the aggregate use of energy in the economy. This, in turn, has added to the growth of greenhouse gas emissions, reinforcing the trend associated with the change in the fuel mix for electricity generation. This paper addresses non-transport energy-related activities including conventional and renewable forms of energy supply, cross-cutting technologies employed in the energy sector and, more briefly, energy use by the business and household sectors.

Ainsley Jolley

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

23

Wind Power Development in the United States: Current Progress, Future Trends  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Annual Report on U.S. Wind Power Installation, Cost, andWind Power Development in the United States: Current94720 Abstract: The U.S. wind power industry is in an era of

Wiser, Ryan H

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

24

The Effect of Resolution on the Depiction of Central Pressure for an Intense Oceanic Extratropical Cyclone  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The effect of resolution on the depiction of central sea level pressure for an intense oceanic extratropical cyclone is examined through a one-dimensional Fourier analysis. Profiles of sea level pressure were manually interpolated along the ...

Patricia M. Pauley; Bradley J. Bramer

1992-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

25

The development trends of science in the CIS countries on the basis of some scientometric indicators  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The article attempts to assess the results of the independent development of the CIS countries in the field of science over the period 1990---2009. The analysis of the numerous scientometric indicators reveals the decrease of the number of expert researchers ... Keywords: Bibliometric analysis, CIS, Citation index, Patents, R&D, Science

Renat Karamourzov

2012-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

26

Renewable energy sector development in the Caribbean: Current trends and lessons from history  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

, estimated to be growing at 3.7% per year, will double by 2028 (Nextant, 2010). Retail electricity rates attempt to locate renewable energy advances in a broader historical framework of energy sector development for electricity generation. Petroleum products are the main source of energy in the Caribbean with 90

Kammen, Daniel M.

27

Leading trends in environmental regulation that affect energy development. Final report  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Major environmental issues that are likely to affect the implementation of energy technologies between now and the year 2000 are identified and assessed. The energy technologies specifically addressed are: oil recovery and processing; gas recovery and processing; coal liquefaction; coal gasification (surface); in situ coal gasification; direct coal combustion; advanced power systems; magnetohydrodynamics; surface oil shale retorting; true and modified in situ oil shale retorting; geothermal energy; biomass energy conversion; and nuclear power (fission). Environmental analyses of these technologies included, in addition to the main processing steps, the complete fuel cycle from resource extraction to end use. A comprehensive survey of the environmental community (including environmental groups, researchers, and regulatory agencies) was carried out in parallel with an analysis of the technologies to identify important future environmental issues. Each of the final 20 issues selected by the project staff has the following common attributes: consensus of the environmental community that the issue is important; it is a likely candidate for future regulatory action; it deals with a major environmental aspect of energy development. The analyses of the 20 major issues address their environmental problem areas, current regulatory status, and the impact of future regulations. These analyses are followed by a quantitative assessment of the impact on energy costs and nationwide pollutant emissions of possible future regulations. This is accomplished by employing the Strategic Environmental Assessment System (SEAS) for a subset of the 20 major issues. The report concludes with a more general discussion of the impact of environmental regulatory action on energy development.

Steele, R V; Attaway, L D; Christerson, J A; Kikel, D A; Kuebler, J D; Lupatkin, B M; Liu, C S; Meyer, R; Peyton, T O; Sussin, M H

1980-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

28

Experimental Setup Measurements were made with the experimental configuration depicted in Figure 1. Tissue  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

depicted in Figure 1. Tissue samples were heated in an insulated tank that was filled with deionized water, which had been degassed by vacuum pumping in an appropriate vessel. Tissue was placed with a MetroTek pulser and echoes recorded. The transducer was moved to the next site of interest and a new

Arthur, R. Martin

29

International Assistance for Low-Emission Development Planning: Coordinated Low Emissions Assistance Network (CLEAN) Inventory of Activities and Tools--Preliminary Trends  

SciTech Connect

The Coordinated Low Emissions Assistance Network (CLEAN) is a voluntary network of international practitioners supporting low-emission planning in developing countries. The network seeks to improve quality of support through sharing project information, tools, best practices and lessons, and by fostering harmonized assistance. CLEAN has developed an inventory to track and analyze international technical support and tools for low-carbon planning activities in developing countries. This paper presents a preliminary analysis of the inventory to help identify trends in assistance activities and tools available to support developing countries with low-emission planning.

Cox, S.; Benioff, R.

2011-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

30

Prices & Trends  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

The U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) collects, analyzes, and disseminates independent and impartial energy information to promote sound policymaking, efficient markets, and public understanding of energy and its interaction with the economy and the environment. Learn about EIA and Energy Department organizations that track energy prices and trends.

31

An analysis of tomb reliefs depicting boat construction from the Old Kingdom period in Egypt  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Among the aspects of daily life represented on the walls of private tombs during the Old Kingdom in Egypt are reliefs depicting the construction of boat hulls. Examination of the twenty known reliefs and relief fragments which date to this period provides numerous insights into the technology and methodology of wooden hull construction. These reliefs were created to be blueprints of boat construction procedures but rather to ensure that the owner of the tomb would have boats in his afterlife. The majority of the procedures relate to the final stages of constru ction prior to the hull being launched. The depiction of the tools necessary for hull construction and how they we,-e used is of great relevance. Hull symmetry was checked with the aid of a plumb bob while adzes were kept ready to remove flatspots. The procedure of joining planks edge-to-edge with mortise-and-tencn joints is representcd with great detail in the Ty relief. Joining planks in this manner required a team of men working together while being supervised. Reliefs which show hulls with a rope truss stretching from end to end were used to tighten internal traverse lashed joinery and are not the hogging trusses seen on seagoing ships and cargo vessels. Depictions of various steps required for this procedure in most reliefs suggests thats its employment was pervasive.

Rogers, Edward Morgan

1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

32

Depiction of the Variations of Great Plains Precipitation and Its Relationship with Tropical Central-Eastern Pacific SST  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Several advanced analysis tools are applied to depict the timefrequency characteristics of the variations of Great Plains (GP) precipitation and its relationship with tropical central-eastern Pacific Ocean sea surface temperature (SST). These ...

Song Yang; X. Ding; D. Zheng; Q. Li

2007-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

33

Trends in the cost of efficiency for appliances and consumer electronics  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Furthermore, the projected price trends developed are likelyTrends in the cost of efficiency for appliances and consumerwith and without price trends. Figure 3: Comparison of

Desroches, Louis-Benoit

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

34

Abstract--The trend in today's development of power system monitoring, control and protection solutions is to  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

solutions is to install more Intelligent Electronic Devices (IEDs) in substations. As a result, variety of data is collected in substations today and much more will be collected in the future. This will change Terminal Units (RTUs) to collect substation data. This paper presents future developments that will lead

Kezunovic, Mladen

35

Trends in Exploitation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

CSW upda te NOVEMBER 2011 Trends in Exploitation Labor Traf?Study of Women cosponsored Trends in Exploitation: La- borand policy advocacy the trend in labor exploita- tion can be

Fardin, Halina

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

36

Asian Defense Spending Trends  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

1, APRIL 2013 Asian Defense Spending Trends David J. BERTEAUT his brief summarizes key trends and findings of two recentin gen- eral permits better trend analysis and cross-country

BERTEAU, David; HOFBAUER, Joachim

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

37

Reading between the tags to predict real-world size-class for visually depicted objects in images  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Multimedia information retrieval stands to benefit from the availability of additional information about tags and how they relate to the content visually depicted in images. We propose a generic approach that contributes to improving the informativeness ... Keywords: crowdsourcing, image annotation, lexico-syntactic patterns, real-world scale, selectional restrictions, size, user-contributed tags

Martha Larson; Christoph Kofler; Alan Hanjalic

2011-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

38

Occupational Safety Performance Trends | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Occupational Safety Trends More Documents & Publications Strategic Safety Goals EA-1954: Draft Environmental Assessment Development of the Nuclear Safety Information Dashboard...

39

5 World Oil Trends WORLD OIL TRENDS  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

5 World Oil Trends Chapter 1 WORLD OIL TRENDS INTRODUCTION In considering the outlook for California's petroleum supplies, it is important to give attention to expecta- tions of what the world oil market. Will world oil demand increase and, if so, by how much? How will world oil prices be affected

40

ICTD interventions: trends over the last decade  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this study, we examine Information and Communication Technology for Development (ICT4D) technology interventions that have been developed over the last decade. The purpose is to provide a snapshot of the trends that have characterized ICT4D technology ... Keywords: ICTD technology interventions, ICTD trends, design and evaluation methodology, systematic reviews

Christopher Chepken; Raymond Mugwanya; Edwin Blake; Gary Marsden

2012-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "development trends depicted" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


41

Net Metering Policy Development and Distributed Solar Generation in Minnesota: Overview of Trends in Nationwide Policy Development and Implications of Increasing the Eligible System Size Cap  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The goal of the Minnesota net metering policy is to give the maximum possible encouragement to distributed generation assets, especially solar electric systems (MN 2008). However, according to a published set of best practices (NNEC 2008) that prioritize the maximum development of solar markets within states, the Minnesota policy does not incorporate many of the important best practices that may help other states transform their solar energy markets and increase the amount of grid-connected distributed solar generation assets. Reasons cited include the low system size limit of 40kW (the best practices document recommends a 2 MW limit) and a lack of language protecting generators from additional utility fees. This study was conducted to compare Minnesota's policies to national best practices. It provides an overview of the current Minnesota policy in the context of these best practices and other jurisdictions' net metering policies, as well as a qualitative assessment of the impacts of raising the system size cap within the policy based on the experiences of other states.

Doris, E.; Busche, S.; Hockett, S.

2009-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

42

Trends of petroleum fuels  

SciTech Connect

Trends in properties of motor gasolines for the years 1942 through 1984; diesel fuels for the years 1950 through 1983; aviation fuels for the years 1947 through 1983; and heating oils for the years 1955 through 1984, have been evaluated based upon data contained in surveys prepared and published by the National Institute for Petroleum and Energy Research (NIPER) formerly the Bartlesville Energy Technology Center (BETC). The surveys for motor gasolines were conducted under a cooperative agreement with the Coordinating Research Council (CRC) and the Bureau of Mines from 1935 through 1948 and in cooperation with the American Petroleum Institute (API) since 1948 for all surveys. The motor gasoline surveys have been published twice annually since 1935 describing the properties of motor gasolines throughout the country. Other surveys prepared in cooperation with API and the Bureau of Mines, the Energy Research and Development Administration, the Department of Energy, and currently NIPER were aviation gasolines beginning in 1947, diesel fuels in 1950, aviation turbine fuels in 1951, and heating oils, formerly burner fuel oils, in 1955. Various companies throughout the country obtain samples of motor gasolines from retail outlets and refinery samples for the other surveys, and analyze the samples using American Society for Testing and Materials (ASTM) procedures. The analytical data are sent to the Bartlesville Center for survey preparation and distribution. A summary report has been assembled from data in 83 semiannual surveys for motor gasolines that shows trends throughout the entire era from winter 19

Shelton, E.M.; Woodward, P.W.

1985-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

43

Emerging trends in the satellite industry  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Risk aversion in the satellite industry has fostered long development cycles and low rates of innovation in the past. Emerging trends in propulsion technology development and spacecraft architecture design could lead to ...

Salazar, Vagn Knudsen

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

44

Radiometer Calibration Trends  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Radiometer Calibration Trends S. M. Wilcox, T. L. Stoffel, and D. R. Myers National Renewable Energy Laboratory Golden, Colorado Abstract Calibrations of Atmospheric Radiation...

45

Trends, Cycles, and Kinks  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

This presentation given at the OPIS 11th National Supply Summit looks at the impacts of the recent resession and changing market trends on refinery investment and ...

46

Trends Online Methane Emissions  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Emissions Introduction Annual Estimates of Global Anthropogenic Methane Emissions: 1860-1994 - D.I. Stern and R.K. Kaufmann Contents-Trends | CDIAC Home 102001...

47

A Multisensor Observational Depiction of the Transition from Light to Heavy Rainfall on Subdaily Time Scales  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Utilizing data from the Quick Scatterometer (QuikSCAT), a new observational parameter related to mesoscale cold pool activity [termed cold pool kinetic energy (CPKE)] is developed and investigated. CPKE and the Climate Prediction Center (CPC) ...

Gregory S. Elsaesser; Christian D. Kummerow

2013-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

48

Political search trends  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We present Political Search Trends, a browser based web search analysis tool that (i) assigns a political leaning to web search queries, (ii) detects trending political queries in a given week, and (iii) links search queries to fact-checked statements. ... Keywords: fact-checking, partisanship, political blogs, query log mining

Ingmar Weber; Venkata Rama Kiran Garimella; Erik Borra

2012-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

49

Bakken Shale Oil Production Trends  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

As the conventional reservoirs decrease in discovering, producing and reserving, unconventional reservoirs are more remarkable in terms of discovering, development and having more reserve. More fields have been discovered where Barnett Shale and Bakken Shale are the most recently unconventional reservoir examples. Shale reservoirs are typically considered self-sourcing and have very low permeability ranging from 10-100 nanodarcies. Over the past few decades, numerous research projects and developments have been studied, but it seems there is still some contention and misunderstanding surrounding shale reservoirs. One of the largest shale in the United State is the Bakken Shale play. This study will describe the primary geologic characteristics, field development history, reservoir properties,and especially production trends, over the Bakken Shale play. Data are available for over hundred wells from different companies. Most production data come from the Production Data Application (HDPI) database and in the format of monthly production for oil, water and gas. Additional 95 well data including daily production rate, completion, Pressure Volume Temperature (PVT), pressure data are given from companies who sponsor for this research study. This study finds that there are three Types of well production trends in the Bakken formation. Each decline curve characteristic has an important meaning to the production trend of the Bakken Shale play. In the Type I production trend, the reservoir pressure drops below bubble point pressure and gas releasingout of the solution. With the Type II production trend, oil flows linearly from the matrix into the fracture system, either natural fracture or hydraulic fracture. Reservoir pressure is higher than the bubble point pressure during the producing time and oil flows as a single phase throughout the production period of the well. A Type III production trend typically has scattering production data from wells with a different Type of trend. It is difficult to study this Type of behavior because of scattering data, which leads to erroneous interpretation for the analysis. These production Types, especially Types I and II will give a new type curve matches for shale oil wells above or below the bubble point.

Tran, Tan

2011-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

50

Energy Use in China: Sectoral Trends and Future Outlook  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Sectoral Trends in Global Energy Use and Greenhouse Gasto Development of Long-Term Energy Demand Scenarios forto Development of Long-Term Energy Demand Scenarios for

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

51

Trending: Metal Oxo Bonds  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Trending: Metal Oxo Bonds Trending: Metal Oxo Bonds Trending: Metal Oxo Bonds Print Wednesday, 29 May 2013 00:00 Metal oxides are important for scientific and technical applications in a variety of disciplines, including materials science, chemistry, and biology. Highly covalent metal-oxygen multiple bonds (metal oxos) are the building blocks of metal oxides and have a bearing on the oxide's desirable chemical, magnetic, electronic, and thermal properties. The lack of a more sophisticated grasp of bonding in metal oxides constitutes a roadblock to innovation in a wide variety of important emergent technologies, including industrial catalysis, biomimetic transformations, and artificial photosynthesis. To address this problem, a research team from four national laboratories, three Department of Energy synchrotron user facilities, and the University of Washington has applied spectroscopic and computational analyses to a number of metal oxides, quantifying trends in metal oxo bonding for groups of metals across the periodic table.

52

Trends in stationary energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Trends in stationary energy Trends in stationary energy Colin McCormick Senior Advisor for R&D Office of the Under Secretary US Department of Energy Building Technologies Office Peer Review 2013 April 2013 2 Under Secretary of Energy * Oversee the applied energy programs * Efficiency & Renewables * Electric grid * Fossil energy * Nuclear energy * Indian energy * Support interactions with Office of Science, ARPA-E * Support cross-cutting topics in energy systems * Energy systems interaction * Water-energy nexus * Bulk energy storage * Energy finance * International Lab engagement * Quadrennial Technology Review (QTR) 3 2013: Already a busy year for energy 4 Some notable trends in stationary energy The water-energy nexus The rise of natural gas Global trends New models for the grid

53

Occurrence Reporting Trends  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Reporting and Processing of Reporting and Processing of Operations Information (ORPS): Five Year Trends 1 * The trend of Occurrence Reporting and Processing System (ORPS) occurrences across the Complex has been steady over the past five years. The trend of occurrence reports appears to trend very closely with changes in man hours worked. * The proportion of those occurrences that are considered high consequence occurrences has decreased from approximately 30 percent in 2007 to 15 percent in 2012. High consequence occurrences are defined as occurrences that are assigned either an ORPS Significance Category 1, 2 or Operational Emergency (OE), or a 13A (HQ Significant highlighted for Management attention). 0 50 100 150 200 250 300 350 400 1 2 3 4 1 2 3 4 1 2 3 4 1 2 3 4 1 2 3 4 1 2

54

Trends in stationary energy  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Trends in stationary energy Trends in stationary energy Colin McCormick Senior Advisor for R&D Office of the Under Secretary US Department of Energy Building Technologies Office Peer Review 2013 April 2013 2 Under Secretary of Energy * Oversee the applied energy programs * Efficiency & Renewables * Electric grid * Fossil energy * Nuclear energy * Indian energy * Support interactions with Office of Science, ARPA-E * Support cross-cutting topics in energy systems * Energy systems interaction * Water-energy nexus * Bulk energy storage * Energy finance * International Lab engagement * Quadrennial Technology Review (QTR) 3 2013: Already a busy year for energy 4 Some notable trends in stationary energy The water-energy nexus The rise of natural gas Global trends New models for the grid

55

4. Net Generation Trends  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

decrease in industrial retail sales over the same period. The average U.S. retail price of electricity continued to show an upward trend in February 2009 from the previous...

56

Trends, Cycles, and Kinks  

Reports and Publications (EIA)

This presentation given at the OPIS 11th National Supply Summit looks at the impacts of the recent resession and changing market trends on refinery investment and trade patterns in the Atlantic Basin.

Information Center

2009-10-19T23:59:59.000Z

57

Biofuels Issues and Trends  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Biofuels Issues and Trends Biofuels Issues and Trends October 2012 Independent Statistics & Analysis www.eia.gov U.S. Department of Energy Washington, DC 20585 U.S. Energy Information Administration | Biofuels Issues and Trends i This report was prepared by the U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA), the statistical and analytical agency within the U.S. Department of Energy. By law, EIA's data, analyses, and forecasts are independent of approval by any other officer or employee of the United States Government. The views in this report therefore should not be construed as representing those of the Department of Energy or other Federal agencies. October 2012 U.S. Energy Information Administration | Biofuels Issues and Trends ii Table of Contents

58

Cesarean Delivery: Factors Affecting Trends  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

SM, Placek PJ, Liss T. Trends in the United States cesareanTW, Erner BK, Oser TL. Trends in the frequency of cesareancesarean birth epidemic: trends, causes, and solutions. Am J

Cheng, Yvonne

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

59

Secular Cycles and Millennial Trends  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

both secular cycles and millennial up- ward trend dynamics.Cycles and Millennial Trends by Andrey Korotayev, ArtemySecular Cycles and Millennial Trends 1 Initially, we want to

Korotayev, Andrey V; Malkov, Artemy S; Khaltourina, Daria A

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

60

Occurrence Reporting Trends | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Reporting Trends Occurrence Reporting and Processing of Operations Information (ORPS): Five Year Trends Occurrence Reporting Trends More Documents & Publications...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "development trends depicted" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


61

Engineering salary trends in the petroleum industry  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

To understand the changes that occur cyclically in engineering manpower supply/demand trends in the petroleum industry, it is desirable to have an awareness of some of the major activities and factors affecting such trends; of starting Petroleum Engineering salaries relating to that background; of the on-going engineering salary status which developed from these activities; and of the large effect that high starting and on-going salaries do have in attracting and retaining engineers within the petroleum industry. It is important to realize that changes in industry trends can be brought about both by economic and political decisions, in both domestic and international activities.

Brown, D.C.; Terrant, L.E.

1986-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

62

Trending: Metal Oxo Bonds  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Trending: Metal Oxo Bonds Print Trending: Metal Oxo Bonds Print Metal oxides are important for scientific and technical applications in a variety of disciplines, including materials science, chemistry, and biology. Highly covalent metal-oxygen multiple bonds (metal oxos) are the building blocks of metal oxides and have a bearing on the oxide's desirable chemical, magnetic, electronic, and thermal properties. The lack of a more sophisticated grasp of bonding in metal oxides constitutes a roadblock to innovation in a wide variety of important emergent technologies, including industrial catalysis, biomimetic transformations, and artificial photosynthesis. To address this problem, a research team from four national laboratories, three Department of Energy synchrotron user facilities, and the University of Washington has applied spectroscopic and computational analyses to a number of metal oxides, quantifying trends in metal oxo bonding for groups of metals across the periodic table.

63

Trending: Metal Oxo Bonds  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Trending: Metal Oxo Bonds Print Trending: Metal Oxo Bonds Print Metal oxides are important for scientific and technical applications in a variety of disciplines, including materials science, chemistry, and biology. Highly covalent metal-oxygen multiple bonds (metal oxos) are the building blocks of metal oxides and have a bearing on the oxide's desirable chemical, magnetic, electronic, and thermal properties. The lack of a more sophisticated grasp of bonding in metal oxides constitutes a roadblock to innovation in a wide variety of important emergent technologies, including industrial catalysis, biomimetic transformations, and artificial photosynthesis. To address this problem, a research team from four national laboratories, three Department of Energy synchrotron user facilities, and the University of Washington has applied spectroscopic and computational analyses to a number of metal oxides, quantifying trends in metal oxo bonding for groups of metals across the periodic table.

64

Trending: Metal Oxo Bonds  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Trending: Metal Oxo Bonds Print Trending: Metal Oxo Bonds Print Metal oxides are important for scientific and technical applications in a variety of disciplines, including materials science, chemistry, and biology. Highly covalent metal-oxygen multiple bonds (metal oxos) are the building blocks of metal oxides and have a bearing on the oxide's desirable chemical, magnetic, electronic, and thermal properties. The lack of a more sophisticated grasp of bonding in metal oxides constitutes a roadblock to innovation in a wide variety of important emergent technologies, including industrial catalysis, biomimetic transformations, and artificial photosynthesis. To address this problem, a research team from four national laboratories, three Department of Energy synchrotron user facilities, and the University of Washington has applied spectroscopic and computational analyses to a number of metal oxides, quantifying trends in metal oxo bonding for groups of metals across the periodic table.

65

Trending: Metal Oxo Bonds  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Trending: Metal Oxo Bonds Print Trending: Metal Oxo Bonds Print Metal oxides are important for scientific and technical applications in a variety of disciplines, including materials science, chemistry, and biology. Highly covalent metal-oxygen multiple bonds (metal oxos) are the building blocks of metal oxides and have a bearing on the oxide's desirable chemical, magnetic, electronic, and thermal properties. The lack of a more sophisticated grasp of bonding in metal oxides constitutes a roadblock to innovation in a wide variety of important emergent technologies, including industrial catalysis, biomimetic transformations, and artificial photosynthesis. To address this problem, a research team from four national laboratories, three Department of Energy synchrotron user facilities, and the University of Washington has applied spectroscopic and computational analyses to a number of metal oxides, quantifying trends in metal oxo bonding for groups of metals across the periodic table.

66

General Trends in Cyclic Behavior  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

...martensitic alloys (Ref 6). Similar softening trends are observed for the precipitation-strengthened

67

Geothermal: Sponsored by OSTI -- Leading trends in environmental...  

Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

Leading trends in environmental regulation that affect energy development. Final report Geothermal Technologies Legacy Collection HelpFAQ | Site Map | Contact Us | Admin Log On...

68

Automotive materials usage trends  

SciTech Connect

The materials composition of US passenger cars is traced from 1960 and projected into 1990's. Sales-weighted average vehicle-weight trends are analyzed in terms of shifts in the large/small car mix, downsizing, and downweighting. The growth in the usage of lightweight materials: -high strength steels, cast/wrought aluminum, plastics and composites - are examined in detail. Usage trends in a host of other materials such as alloy steels, zinc, lead, copper, etc. are also discussed. An approximate quantitative analysis of changes in the usage of steel by the automotive industry worldwide show that about 10% of total decline in Western-World steel consumption is accounted for by the automotive industry. An assessment is presented for automotive industry use of critical materials such as chromium in alloy steels/cast irons and the platinum group metals in exhaust-gas catalysts. 10 references, 13 figures, 9 tables.

Gjostein, N.A.

1986-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

69

Understanding Trends inUnderstanding Trends in Wind Turbine Prices  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

(worldwide) Polynomial trend line e(2010$/kW 400 600 800 1,000 TurbinePric Recent wind turbine price quotes 0Understanding Trends inUnderstanding Trends in Wind Turbine Prices OOver the Past Decade Mark Division · Energy Analysis Department Efficiency and Renewable Energy (Wind & Water Power Program) under

70

Retrospective Evaluation of Appliance Price Trends  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

analyses to generate price trends more accurately. 8.Evaluation of Appliance Price Trends Larry Dale, Camillewith regard to overall price trends and relative price of

Dale, Larry

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

71

Solar Photovoltaics: Status, Costs, and Trends  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This White Paper addresses the history, status, and trends of flat-plate solar photovoltaic power technologies in both crystalline silicon and thin-film forms. Perspectives are provided on the cost and performance, as well as, the materials used for producing PV modules. The major milestones and trends in PV power system development are described, looking back to the 1970's, and forward to the next 30 years. Current incentives and policies are also discussed with focus on utility engagement in PV power. ...

2009-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

72

Trends in electric power technologies  

SciTech Connect

Research and development (R and D) on power plants is now aimed at increasing plant efficiency and reliability to avoid the high capital costs of new plant construction. The trend toward larger generating plants makes efficiency and reliability even more important. Studies include ways to improve operator judgment and minimize error by feeding continuous in-plant information into models of plant subsystems, efforts to improve fuel conversion efficiency by studying higher-temperature thermodynamics, ways to replace existing generators with superconducting generators, and to meet environmental needs with atmospheric fluidized-bed combustion. As fuel costs rise, the US will shift more toward coal and nuclear plants, with research aimed at optimizing performance. (DCK)

Starr, C.; Lihach, N.

1982-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

73

Solar Pricing Trends  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

SB 2 1X SB 2 1X Category % of Retail Sales From Eligible Renewable Resources Date by Which Compliance Must Occur Category or Compliance Period 1 20% Dec. 31, 2013 Category or Compliance Period 2 25% Dec. 31, 2016 Category or Compliance Period 3 33% Dec. 31, 2020 2 Solar Pricing Trends 3 U.S. Grid-Connected PV Capacity Additions 4 U.S. Renewable Additions wind, 7537 MW biogas, 91 MW biomass, 330 MW geothermal, 910 MW ocean, 0 MW small hydro, 38 MW solar thermal, 3804 MW solar photovoltaic, 5778 MW CA IOU's Total Renewable Energy Capacity Currently Under Contract from Contracts Signed Since 2002, by Technology 5 CA IOU's Renewable Portfolio 6 CA IOU's Future Renewable Portfolio

74

4. Net Generation Trends  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

8 8 Section 1. Commentary Electric Power Data For the second straight month, near normal temperatures were observed throughout the contiguous United States in October 2008. On the regional level, temperatures did deviate above normal in the western United States while parts of the South, Southeast, and Northeast experienced below average temperatures. Accordingly, heating degree days for the contiguous United States as a whole were 1.4 percent above the average for the month of October, and 63.4 percent above a much warmer October 2007. In October 2008, retail sales of electricity decreased 4.4 percent compared to October 2007, which had warmer temperatures and subsequent higher demand for electricity. The average U.S. retail price of electricity continued to show an upward trend in October 2008, increasing 9.3

75

Nuclear Proliferation Technology Trends Analysis  

SciTech Connect

A process is underway to develop mature, integrated methodologies to address nonproliferation issues. A variety of methodologies (both qualitative and quantitative) are being considered. All have one thing in common, a need for a consistent set of proliferation related data that can be used as a basis for application. One approach to providing a basis for predicting and evaluating future proliferation events is to understand past proliferation events, that is, the different paths that have actually been taken to acquire or attempt to acquire special nuclear material. In order to provide this information, this report describing previous material acquisition activities (obtained from open source material) has been prepared. This report describes how, based on an evaluation of historical trends in nuclear technology development, conclusions can be reached concerning: (1) The length of time it takes to acquire a technology; (2) The length of time it takes for production of special nuclear material to begin; and (3) The type of approaches taken for acquiring the technology. In addition to examining time constants, the report is intended to provide information that could be used to support the use of the different non-proliferation analysis methodologies. Accordingly, each section includes: (1) Technology description; (2) Technology origin; (3) Basic theory; (4) Important components/materials; (5) Technology development; (6) Technological difficulties involved in use; (7) Changes/improvements in technology; (8) Countries that have used/attempted to use the technology; (9) Technology Information; (10) Acquisition approaches; (11) Time constants for technology development; and (12) Required Concurrent Technologies.

Zentner, Michael D.; Coles, Garill A.; Talbert, Robert J.

2005-10-04T23:59:59.000Z

76

China Total Cloud Amount Trends  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Trends in Total Cloud Amount Over China DOI: 10.3334CDIACcli.008 data Data image Graphics Investigator Dale P. Kaiser Carbon Dioxide Information Analysis Center, Environmental...

77

Trends in Total Precipitation and Frequency of Daily Precipitation Extremes over China  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Based on a newly developed daily precipitation dataset of 740 stations in China and more robust trend detection techniques, trends in annual and seasonal total precipitation and in extreme daily precipitation, defined as those larger than its ...

Panmao Zhai; Xuebin Zhang; Hui Wan; Xiaohua Pan

2005-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

78

A Total Lightning Trending Algorithm to Identify Severe Thunderstorms  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

An algorithm that provides an early indication of impending severe weather from observed trends in thunderstorm total lightning flash rates has been developed. The algorithm framework has been tested on 20 thunderstorms, including 1 nonsevere ...

Patrick N. Gatlin; Steven J. Goodman

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

79

Understanding Trends in Wind Turbine Prices Over the Past Decade  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Understanding Trends in Wind Turbine Prices Over the Past Decade Understanding Trends in Wind Turbine Prices Over the Past Decade Title Understanding Trends in Wind Turbine Prices Over the Past Decade Publication Type Report Refereed Designation Unknown Year of Publication 2011 Authors Bolinger, Mark, and Ryan H. Wiser Pagination 46 Date Published 10/2011 Publisher LBNL City Berkeley Keywords electricity markets and policy group, energy analysis and environmental impacts department Abstract Berkeley Lab has gathered price data on 81 U.S. wind turbine transactions totaling 23,850 MW announced from 1997 through early 2011. Figure ES-1 depicts these reported wind turbine transaction prices (along with the associated trend line), broken out by the size of the transaction (in MW). Figure ES-1 also presents average (global) turbine prices reported by Vestas for the years 2005 through 2010, as well as a range of reported pricing (among various turbine manufacturers) for transactions signed in 2010 and so far in 2011 (with 2011 prices generally lower than 2010 prices). After hitting a low of roughly $750/kW from 2000 to 2002, average wind turbine prices doubled through 2008, rising to an average of roughly $1,500/kW. Wind turbine prices have since declined substantially, with price quotes for transactions executed in 2010 and to date in 2011 ranging from $900-$1,400/kW depending on the manufacturer and turbine model. For example, turbines designed for lower wind speed sites - deploying higher hub heights and larger rotor diameters for a given nameplate capacity - are priced at the higher end of this range. These quotes suggest price declines of as much as 33% or more since late 2008, with an average decline closer to perhaps 20% for orders announced in 2010 (as opposed to in 2011, which has seen further price declines). These two substantial and opposing wind turbine price trends over the past decade - and particularly the doubling in prices in the 2002-2008 period - run counter to the smooth, gradually declining technology cost trajectories that are often assumed by energy analysts modeling the diffusion of new technologies, including wind power. Understanding and explaining this notable discrepancy between theory and historical reality is the primary motivation for this work. Taking a bottom-up approach, this report examines seven primary drivers of wind turbine prices in the United States, with the goal of estimating the degree to which each contributed to the doubling in turbine prices from 2002 through 2008, as well as the subsequent decline in prices through 2010 (our analysis does not extend into 2011 because several of these drivers are best gauged on a full-year basis due to seasonality issues).

80

Workforce Trends in the Electric Utility Industry | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Trends in the Electric Utility Industry Trends in the Electric Utility Industry Workforce Trends in the Electric Utility Industry Section 1101 of the U.S. Energy Policy Act of 2005 (EPACT)1 calls for a report on the current trends in the workforce of (A) skilled technical personnel that support energy technology industries, and (B) electric power and transmission engineers. It also requests that the Secretary make recommendations (as appropriate) to meet the future labor requirements. Workforce Trends in the Electric Utility Industry More Documents & Publications Statement of Patricia A. Hoffman, Deputy Director of Research and Development and Acting Chief Operating Officer, Office of Electricity Delivery & Energy Reliability, Department of Energy before the Committee on Energy and Natural Resources United States

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "development trends depicted" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


81

Petroleum 1996: Issues and Trends  

Reports and Publications (EIA)

Examines historical trends and focuses on major petroleum issues and the events they represent. It analyzes different dimensions of the petroleum industry and related markets in terms of how they relate to the volatility in petroleum markets.

Information Center

1997-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

82

Trends in the Health of Older Californians  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Hing E, Burt CW, Hall MJ. Trend Data On Medical Encounters:Ver5-C.1 TRENDS IN THE HEALTH OF OLDER CALIFORNIANS: DataSurveys November 2008 TRENDS IN THE HEALTH OF OLDER

Wallace, Steven P.; Lee, Jennifer H.; Jawad, May Aydin

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

83

Hay harvesting services respond to market trends  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

services respond to market trends by Steven Blank, Karenyears, there has been a trend in California from harvesting1,300 pounds or more. This trend is influencing how hay-

Blank, Steven; Klonsky, Karen; Fuller, Kate

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

84

TREnD: a Timely, Reliable, Energy-efficient and Dynamic WSN Protocol for Control Applications  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

1 TREnD: a Timely, Reliable, Energy-efficient and Dynamic WSN Protocol for Control Applications for energy consumption. TREnD is implemented on a test-bed and compared to some existing protocols. In this paper, we develop TREnD1 , an energy-efficient The authors are with the ACCESS Linnaeus Center

85

Trends, Cycles, and Kinks - Energy Information Administration  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

... Historical trends Recent cycle Kinks or shifts in trends Refinery Utilization Grew with Demand ... Across the year, ... Costs for construction were ...

86

Trends in Commercial Buildings--Introduction  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

> Special Reports > Trends in Commercial Buildings Trends: Buildings and Floorspace Energy Consumption and Energy Sources Overview: The Commercial Buildings Energy Consumption...

87

Petroleum 1996: Issues and Trends  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

5 5 Distribution Category UC-950 Petroleum 1996 Issues and Trends September 1997 Energy Information Administration Office of Oil and Gas U.S. Department of Energy Washington, DC 20585 This report was prepared by the Energy Information Administration, the independent statistical and analytical agency within the Department of Energy. The information contained herein should not be construed as advocating or reflecting any policy position of the Department of Energy or any other organization. Energy Information Administration / Petroleum 1996: Issues and Trends iii Preface Contacts Petroleum 1996: Issues and Trends was prepared by the Energy Information Administration (EIA) Office of Oil and Gas, Kenneth A. Vagts, Director (202/586-6401), and the EIA Office of Energy Markets and End Use, Webster C.

88

Water quality trends in the Blackwater River watershed Canaan Valley, West Virginia.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??The Blackwater River, historically an excellent brook trout (Salvelinus fontinalis) fishery, has been affected by logging, fires, coal mining, acid rain, and land development. Trends (more)

Smith, Jessica M., M.S.

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

89

Using Wavelets to Detect Trends  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Wavelets are a new class of basis functions that are finding wide use for analyzing and interpreting time series data. This paper describes a new use for waveletsidentifying trends in time series. The general signal considered has a quadratic ...

Edgar L. Andreas; George Trevio

1997-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

90

Materials Failure Trends in LWRs  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Hardware failures in U.S. nuclear plants cause forced outages, resulting in capacity factor losses of 10-20% and costing utilities hundreds of millions of dollars each year. This analysis of plant operating experience data identifies emerging materials-related failure trends and associated R&D needs.

1987-10-26T23:59:59.000Z

91

Key technology trends - Satellite systems  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper is based on material extracted from the WTEC Panel Report Global Satellite Communications Technology and Systems, December 1998. It presents an overview of key technology trends in communications satellites in the last few years. After the ... Keywords: Communications satellites, Satellite communications, Satellite technology overview

Charles W. Bostian; William T. Brandon; Alfred U. Mac Rae; Christoph E. Mahle; Stephen A. Townes

2000-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

92

Utility Marketing Strategies & Pricing Trends  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Marketing seems to have come out of the utility closet once again, but it is a far sight different from that of the 1970s. While some are still on a sell, Sell, SELL! campaign, most are soberly looking at their customers from a different perspective. They are concerned about losing them to other service territories or seeing them vanish to domestic and foreign competition. There is a sense of a strategic alliance being sought by the most proactive of utilities in which they become allies of their customers. In this sense, the issue of how much these customers purchased from them vanishes into the shadows of the more important elements of the relationships. Oh sure, there still are some pushing technology as the customers answer. And there are others using incentive and other rate gambits to develop strategic load building. But there is a definite trend emerging toward building the relationship for the long haul and putting short range profit or number game objectives on the back burner. This paper investigates the most successful current utility marketing postures, how they are changing, where pricing fits in and what we are likely to see within the next few years. We will also illustrate the potential traps in competitive marketing and customer service that still lie in wait. We still see a major number of current marketing efforts that are unbalanced, unfairly reward luck, are wasteful and counterproductive. As many of you know, we strongly believe marketing must move from technology-based, silver bullet competition, frenetic non-competitive load retention dissipation and load claiming to relational-based marketing in which absolute integrity and service and their consequent trust become paramount. We believe utilities must build honest relationships with all their customers, not merely their energy purchasers. These include their fuel suppliers and regulators. When a utility is not trusted, the competitive situation is reduced to that of a commodity supplier in which price and terms constitute the whole of the relationship. Utilities reduced to this level of inadequate customer service ultimately will lose to those that recognize the alternative of adding value. As the nature and consequences of competition increase, so does the importance of breaking from the methods of the past.

Gilbert, J. S.

1989-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

93

RetTrendReport1205.doc  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Prepared by: Prepared by: Aon Consulting 111 Market Place Baltimore, MD 21202 www.aon.com Trends in Retirement Income and Retiree Medical Plans What's inside 1 Introduction 2 Defined Benefit Trends 5 Defined Contribution Plan Trends 7 Rationale Behind the Trends 9 Retiree Health Trends 11 Key Changes in Retiree Health Coverage 14 Appendix 1: DB Design Trends 16 Appendix 2: DC Design Trends 17 Appendix 3: Charts and Figures 29 Appendix 4: Recent Articles on DB Trends 30 Appendix 3: Recent Articles on Retiree Medical Trends Introduction Today, U.S. employers are finding it increasingly difficult to offer the level of retirement benefits provided to workers over the last half century. Factors impacting the changing landscape for retirement benefits include:

94

Trends for Outer Disk Profiles  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The surface-brightness profiles of galaxy disks fall into three main classes, based on whether they are simple exponentials (Type I), bend down at large radii (Type II, "truncations") or bend up at large radii (Type III, "antitruncations"). Here, we discuss how the frequency of these different profiles depends on Hubble type, environment, and the presence or absence of bars; these trends may herald important new tests for disk formation models.

Peter Erwin; Michael Pohlen; Leonel Gutierrez; John E. Beckman

2007-12-10T23:59:59.000Z

95

Detection of bursty and emerging trends towards identification of researchers at the early stage of trends.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Detection of trends is important in a variety of areas. Scientific research is no exception. While several methods have been proposed for trend detection, we (more)

Decker, Sheron Levar

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

96

Experimental designs optimally balanced for trend  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Keywords: BLKL exchange algorithm, BT algorithm, adjustment algorithm, design efficiency, optimum design, response surface, trend-free design

A. C. Atkinson; A. N. Donev

1996-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

97

Emerging Global Trends in Advanced Manufacturing  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Page 1. Emerging Global Trends in Advanced Manufacturing Stephanie S. Shipp, Project Leader Nayanee Gupta Bhavya Lal ...

2013-07-31T23:59:59.000Z

98

Global Natural Gas Market Trends, 2. edition  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The report provides an overview of major trends occurring in the natural gas industry and includes a concise look at the drivers behind recent rapid growth in gas usage and the challenges faced in meeting that growth. Topics covered include: an overview of Natural Gas including its history, the current market environment, and its future market potential; an analysis of the overarching trends that are driving a need for change in the Natural Gas industry; a description of new technologies being developed to increase production of Natural Gas; an evaluation of the potential of unconventional Natural Gas sources to supply the market; a review of new transportation methods to get Natural Gas from producing to consuming countries; a description of new storage technologies to support the increasing demand for peak gas; an analysis of the coming changes in global Natural Gas flows; an evaluation of new applications for Natural Gas and their impact on market sectors; and, an overview of Natural Gas trading concepts and recent changes in financial markets.

NONE

2007-07-15T23:59:59.000Z

99

Economic Essentials of Online Publishing with Associated Trends and Patterns  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Publishing with Associated Trends and Patterns Jay Hungand examines the economic trends and contrasts of upstarteconomic outlook, and examines the trends, similarities, and

Hung, Jay

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

100

Trends in Utility Green Pricing Programs (2006)  

SciTech Connect

In the early 1990s, only a handful of utilities offered their customers a choice of purchasing electricity generated from renewable energy sources. Today, more than 750 utilities--or about 25% of all utilities nationally--provide their customers a "green power" option. Through these programs, more than 70 million customers have the ability to purchase renewable energy to meet some portion or all of their electricity needs--or make contributions to support the development of renewable energy resources. Typically, customers pay a premium above standard electricity rates for this service. This report presents year-end 2006 data on utility green pricing programs, and examines trends in consumer response and program implementation over time. The data in this report, which were obtained via a questionnaire distributed to utility green pricing program managers, can be used by utilities to benchmark the success of their green power programs.

Bird, L.; Kaiser, M.

2007-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "development trends depicted" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


101

Petroleum 1996 - issues and trends  

SciTech Connect

Increasingly, users of the Energy Information Administration`s petroleum data and analytical reports have expressed an interest in a recurring report that takes a broad view of the petroleum sector. What is sought is some perspective on the complex interrelationships that comprise an industry and markets accounting for 40 percent of the energy consumed in the United States and ranging from the drilling rig in the oil field to the pump at the local gasoline station. This report comprehensively examines historical trends, and selectively focuses on major issues and the events they represent. It analyzes different dimensions of the industry and related markets in terms of how they relate to a common theme, in this case, the volatility in petroleum markets.

1997-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

102

IT Trends 2004: Offshore Outsourcing  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

mpanies must understand the latest trends in global outsourcing. Recommendations Companies should not rush into offshore or nearshore outsourcing relationships without first understanding how to approach the endeavor (see Planning Assumption, Critical Success Factors for Offshore Outsourcing, Stephanie Moore). Global outsourcing is a complex undertaking that requires significant investment in knowledge acquisition and program management (see IdeaByte, Increasing Acceptance of Remote Programming and Maintenance Resources, Stephanie Moore, and IdeaByte, Organizing for Outsourcing: Offshore Governance, Stephanie Moore). To simplify this effort and increase the chance for success, companies should engage with vendors that have strong relationship and engagement management capabilities. For nearshore outsourcing at a low price point, companies should consider Mexico and Canada. Vendors in these countries can be viable near shore outsourcing alternatives, such as IBM Global Services (Mexic

Stephanie Moore

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

103

Trends and breaks in per-capita carbon dioxide emissions, 1870-2028  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We consider per-capita carbon dioxide emission trends in 16 early developed countries over the period 1870-2028. Using a multiple-break time series method we find more evidence for very early downturns in per-capita trends ...

Lanne, Markku

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

104

Trends in Commercial Buildings--Overview  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Home > Trends in Commercial Buildings > Commercial Buildings Energy Consumption Survey Survey Methodology Sampling Error, Standard Errors, and Relative Standard Errors The...

105

4. Trends in Natural Gas Transportation Rates  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Energy Information Administration 39 Energy Policy Act Transportation Study: Interim Report on Natural Gas Flows and Rates 4. Trends in Natural Gas Transportation Rates

106

Renewable Energy Trends 2003 - Energy Information Administration  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

DOE/EIA Renewable Energy Trends 2003 With Preliminary Data For 2003 July 2004 Energy Information Administration Office of Coal, Nuclear, Electric and Alternate Fuels

107

Trends in worldwide nanotechnology patent applications ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... 3. The evolution trends of the other 11 coun- tries'/regions ... nanoparticles,'' ''Quantum dots,'' ''Single walled carbon nanotubes,'' ''Solar cells,'' and ...

2010-10-28T23:59:59.000Z

108

Time Trends in Dutch Children's Mental Health.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??This study investigated time trends in Dutch children's and adolescent's mental health problems by comparing population samples from different time periods. From 1983 to 2003, (more)

Tick, N.T.

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

109

Trends and Transitions in the Diesel Market  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

A presentation at the 2007 NPRA Annual Meeting focusing on trends in the diesel market. The presentation reviews the status of the ULSD program and highlights recent ...

110

ENERGY STAR Portfolio Manager Data Trends  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

as the number of certifications increases, suggesting that improvement persists year after year and that there is value in repeat certification. DataTrends What is an...

111

Trends in Utility Scale Renewable Electricity  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

U.S. Energy Information Administration Independent Statistics & Analysis www.eia.gov Trends in Utility Scale Renewable Electricity for ReTech 2012

112

Maritime Transportation System: Trends and Outlook  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

2007-R-5 Water is an essential resource in the U.S. economy. It plays a crucial role in supporting many economic activities and ensuring the quality of human life and the health of ecological systems. Despite this, the value of water may not be widely appreciated because only some water resources and water uses are easily visible or noticed while others are not. Among the Institute for Water Resources (IWR) Future Directions program activities are the identification of emerging water challenges and opportunities and the tactical engagement of U.S. Army Corps of Engineers (USACE) senior leaders on these issues. Such critical thinking is an essential prerequisite to strategy development and planning. IWR has developed this series of Water Resources Outlook papers, commissioned utilizing outside experts, to identify emerging issues and implications for the Nation. These issues and implications will be presented in the form of provocation sessions with external and internal subject matter experts and stakeholders and will inform the USACE strategic planning process. Maritime Transportation System: Trends and Outlook USACE major responsibilities for waterborne commerce include dredging, development and maintenance of the inland and coastal waterways and related maritime infrastructure, and

unknown authors

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

113

Preliminary analysis of patent trends for sodium/sulfur battery technology  

SciTech Connect

This document summarizes development trends in sodium/sulfur battery technology based on data from US patents. Purpose of the study was to use the activity, timing and ownership of 285 US patents to identify and describe broad patterns of change in sodium/sulfur battery technology. The analysis was conducted using newly developed statistical and computer graphic techniques for describing technology development trends from patent data. This analysis suggests that for some technologies trends in patent data provide useful information for public and private R and D planning.

Triplett, M.B.; Winter, C.; Ashton, W.B.

1985-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

114

Trends in High-Performance Computer Architecture  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Trends in High-Performance Computer Architecture David J. Lilja Department of Electrical;Historical Trends and Perspective pre-WW II: Mechanical calculating machines WW II - 50's: Technology of Minnesota April 1996 #12;Performance Metrics System throughput - work per unit time rate - used by system

Minnesota, University of

115

Trends and Transitions in the Diesel Market  

Reports and Publications (EIA)

A presentation at the 2007 NPRA Annual Meeting focusing on trends in the diesel market. The presentation reviews the status of the ULSD program and highlights recent changes and trends in the distillate market that point towards continued strength in diesel prices relative to gasoline for some time.

Information Center

2007-03-19T23:59:59.000Z

116

CANCELED: Trends in Industrial Energy Efficiency - the Role of Standards,  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

CANCELED: Trends in Industrial Energy Efficiency - the Role of Standards, CANCELED: Trends in Industrial Energy Efficiency - the Role of Standards, Certification, and Energy Management in Climate Change Mitigation Speaker(s): Aimee McKane Date: January 31, 2008 - 12:00pm Location: 90-3122 THIS SEMINAR HAS BEEN CANCELED. WE MAY RESCHEDULE IT SOON. The industrial sector represents more than one third of both global primary energy use and energy-related carbon dioxide emissions. In developing countries, the portion of the energy supply consumed by the industrial sector is frequently in excess of 50% and can create tension between economic development goals and a constrained energy supply. Further, countries with an emerging and rapidly expanding industrial infrastructure have a particular opportunity to increase their competitiveness by applying

117

Trends in Industrial Energy Efficiency: The Role of Standards,  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Trends in Industrial Energy Efficiency: The Role of Standards, Trends in Industrial Energy Efficiency: The Role of Standards, Certification, and Energy Management in Climate Change Mitigation Speaker(s): Aimee McKane Date: March 18, 2008 - 12:30pm Location: 90-3122 The industrial sector represents more than one third of both global primary energy use and energy-related carbon dioxide emissions. In developing countries, the portion of the energy supply consumed by the industrial sector is frequently in excess of 50% and can create tension between economic development goals and a constrained energy supply. Further, countries with an emerging and rapidly expanding industrial infrastructure have a particular opportunity to increase their competitiveness by applying energy-efficient best practices from the outset in new industrial

118

Trends Affecting Building Control System Development: Trends in Energy Management Technology  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

opment of commissioning, FDD, and life cycle informationFault detection and diagnosis (FDD) tools have the potentialP R O G R A M ESP ESPC FAS FDD FDM FHSS FTT GenCo HTML HTTP

Collins, Ted; Parker, Steven A.; Webster, Tom

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

119

Trends Affecting Building Control System Development: Trends in Energy Management Technology  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

vehicles. ) Computerized Maintenance Managementaided facility management and maintenance systems (CAFM/Maintenance work order generation and dispatch management;

Collins, Ted; Parker, Steven A.; Webster, Tom

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

120

Trends Affecting Building Control System Development: Trends in Energy Management Technology  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

technologies on energy management systems and products. Therelative to energy management systems design, specification,and Control System Energy Management System F E D E R A L E

Collins, Ted; Parker, Steven A.; Webster, Tom

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "development trends depicted" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


121

Annual Energy Outlook 2001 - Market Trends  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Homepage Homepage Market Trends Economic Activity Renewables International Oil Markets Oil & Natural Gas Energy Demand Coal Electricity Emissions The projections in AEO2001 are not statements of what will happen but of what might happen, given the assumptions and methodologies used. The projections are business-as-usual trend forecasts, given known technology, technological and demographic trends, and current laws and regulations. Thus, they provide a policy-neutral reference case that can be used to analyze policy initiatives. EIA does not propose, advocate, or speculate on future legislative and regulatory changes. All laws are assumed to remain as currently enacted; however, the impacts of emerging regulatory changes, when defined, are reflected.

122

Natural gas 1998: Issues and trends  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Natural Gas 1998: Issues and Trends provides a summary of the latest data and information relating to the US natural gas industry, including prices, production, transmission, consumption, and the financial and environmental aspects of the industry. The report consists of seven chapters and five appendices. Chapter 1 presents a summary of various data trends and key issues in today`s natural gas industry and examines some of the emerging trends. Chapters 2 through 7 focus on specific areas or segments of the industry, highlighting some of the issues associated with the impact of natural gas operations on the environment. 57 figs., 18 tabs.

NONE

1999-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

123

Trends in Utility Green Pricing Programs (2004)  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In the early 1990s, only a handful of utilities offered their customers a choice of purchasing electricity generated from renewable energy sources. Today, nearly 600 utilities in regulated electricity markets--or almost 20% of all utilities nationally--provide their customers a "green power" option. Because some utilities offer programs in conjunction with cooperative associations or other publicly owned power entities, the number of distinct programs totals about 125. Through these programs, more than 40 million customers spanning 34 states have the ability to purchase renewable energy to meet some portion or all of their electricity needs--or make contributions to support the development of renewable energy resources. Typically, customers pay a premium above standard electricity rates for this service. This report presents year-end 2004 data on utility green pricing programs, and examines trends in consumer response and program implementation over time. The data in this report, which were obtained via a questionnaire distributed to utility green pricing program managers, can be used by utilities as benchmarks by which to gauge the success of their green power programs.

Bird, L.; Brown, E.

2005-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

124

DataTrends Water Use Tracking  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Use Tracking Use Tracking Organizations across the country are measuring and tracking the water use of over 50,000 buildings using the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency's (EPA) ENERGY STAR Portfolio Manager. These buildings represent close to 20% of all buildings in Portfolio Manager. EPA has prepared the DataTrends series to examine trends in energy and water consumption in Portfolio Manager. This document presents the general trends seen in the water data. To learn more, visit www.energystar.gov/DataTrends. Many different types of organizations are tracking water consumption in a wide variety of buildings located in all 50 states. The most common types of buildings with water data are

125

Climate Change in California: Trends, Interpretation, Simulations...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

in California: Trends, Interpretation, Simulations and Impacts Speaker(s): Philip B. Duffy Date: May 19, 2006 - 12:00pm Location: Bldg. 90 This talk will discuss some of my recent...

126

Text reuse with ACL: (upward) trends  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

With rapidly increasing community, a plethora of conferences related to Natural Language Processing and easy access to their proceedings make it essential to check the integrity and novelty of the new submissions. This study aims to investigate the trends ...

Parth Gupta; Paolo Rosso

2012-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

127

Climatic Trends in the Southern Hemisphere  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Observations of monthly mean sea level pressure, surface air temperature, and 500 mb and 300 mb geopotential heights and temperatures are used to study trends in the Southern Hemisphere from 195181.

Kingtse C. Mo; Harry Van Loon

1985-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

128

AO, COWL, and Observed Climate Trends  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The linear trends for a number of fields obtained from the reanalyses of the National Centers for Environmental PredictionNational Center for Atmospheric Research (NCEPNCAR) are calculated for the Northern Hemisphere winter months (January...

Qigang Wu; David M. Straus

2004-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

129

Research Trends in Information-Driven Manufacturing  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Research Trends in Information-Driven Manufacturing Speaker(s): Steven Ray Date: October 30, 2008 - 12:00pm Location: 90-3122 Seminar HostPoint of Contact: Arun Majumdar Recent...

130

On Trends in Historical Marine Wind Data  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Compilations of surface winds from ship reports since 1854 show a number of long period variations, including a trend toward strengthening winds over the past three decades. Some investigators indicate that these variations are real changes in ...

Vincent J. Cardone; Juliet G. Greenwood; Mark A. Cane

1990-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

131

Energy Efficiency Program and Market Trends  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Energy Efficiency Program and Market Trends Energy Efficiency Program and Market Trends EETD's energy efficiency program and market trends research includes technical, economic and policy analysis to inform public and private decision-making on public-interest issues related to utility-sector energy efficiency programs and regulation, and government-funded energy efficiency initiatives. LBNL's research in this area is focused on: Energy efficiency portfolio planning and market assessment, Design and implementation of a portfolio of energy efficiency programs that achieve various policy objectives Utility sector energy efficiency business models, Options for administering energy efficiency programs, Evaluation, measurement and verification of energy efficiency impacts and ESCO industry and market trends and performance.

132

Trends in Commercial Buildings--Introduction  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Home > Commercial > Commercial Buildings Home > Special Home > Commercial > Commercial Buildings Home > Special Reports > Trends in Commercial Buildings Trends: Buildings and Floorspace Energy Consumption and Energy Sources Overview: The Commercial Buildings Energy Consumption Survey (CBECS) Trends in the Commercial Buildings Sector Since 1978, the Energy Information Administration has collected basic statistical information from three of the major end-use sectors— residential, and industrial— periodic energy consumption surveys. Each survey is a snapshot of how energy is used in the year of the survey; the series of surveys in each sector reveals the trends in energy use for the sector. Introduction The Commercial Buildings Energy Consumption Survey (CBECS) collects data from a sample of buildings representative of the commercial buildings

133

Precipitation Trends on the Canadian Prairies  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The Canadian prairies are a major producer of grain, much of which is produced under rain-fed agriculture. The amount and timing of precipitation are critical to grain production. Information on the precipitation trend is therefore vital to this ...

O. O. Akinremi; S. M. McGinn; H. W. Cutforth

1999-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

134

Fossil Power Plant Cost and Performance Trends  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This report is one of two companion studies that describe trends in operating costs and reliability of fossil steam plants since 1970. The studies are a foundation for more sophisticated statistical studies aimed at modeling and predicting the impacts of cycling. This report summarizes results for coal-fired steam generating units, contrasting performance across 112 baseload plants, 68 load-following/cycling plants, and 118 plants that varied their operations for at least three years. Annual trends are p...

2006-08-31T23:59:59.000Z

135

Sectoral trends in global energy use and greenhouse gas emissions  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Trends in Global Energy Use and Greenhouse Gas Emissions Lynn Price,Trends in Global Energy Use and Greenhouse Gas Emissions Lynn Price,Trends in Global Energy Use and Greenhouse Gas Emissions Lynn Price,

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

136

Sustainable Transport in Canadian Cities: Cycling Trends and Policies  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

transport policies, and trends in Germany and the U.S. Other265279. ???. 2005. Cycling Trends and Policies in Canadianin North America? Recent trends and alternative policies to

Pucher, John; Buehler, Ralph

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

137

TV Energy Consumption Trends and Energy-Efficiency Improvement Options  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

3D Technology and its Display Trends. DisplaySearch, 20102010. 3D TV Technology Trend and Forecast LG Electronics,Price et al. 2006. Sectoral Trends in Global Energy Use and

Park, Won Young

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

138

Sectoral trends in global energy use and greenhouse gas emissions  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

LBNL-56144 Sectoral Trends in Global Energy Use andAC02-05CH11231. ii Sectoral Trends in Global Energy Use andConsumption iii iv Sectoral Trends in Global Energy Use and

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

139

Trends in the Health of Young Children in California  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Research Brief October 2008 Trends in the Health of YoungThis brief examines trends in key health indicators forpoints (Exhibit 2). This trend has kept the overall health

Grant, David; Kurosky, Samantha

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

140

Wind Power Price Trends in the United States  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Review] Wind Power Price Trends in the United States Markof these drivers i.e. , trends in U.S. wind power prices Capacity Wind Power Price Trends in the U.S. Berkeley Lab

Bolinger, Mark

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "development trends depicted" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


141

Trends in Educational Assortative Marriage From 1940 to 2003  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

L . and H . - H . L u . 2000. "Trends i n Cohabitation and8580. Freeman, C.E. 2004. Trends in Educational Equity ofShifting Boundaries: Trends i n Religious and Educational

Schwartz, Christine R; Mare, Robert D

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

142

Recent Trends in the Inheritance of Poverty and Family Structure  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Juvenilization of Poverty: Trends, Relative Risks, Causes,Washington, DC: Academic Press. Trends in the Inheritance ofThomas A. DiPrete. 1990. "Recent Trends in the Process of

Musick, Kelly; Mare, Robert D.

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

143

Federal Energy Management Program: Data Center Energy Consumption Trends  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Data Center Energy Data Center Energy Consumption Trends to someone by E-mail Share Federal Energy Management Program: Data Center Energy Consumption Trends on Facebook Tweet about Federal Energy Management Program: Data Center Energy Consumption Trends on Twitter Bookmark Federal Energy Management Program: Data Center Energy Consumption Trends on Google Bookmark Federal Energy Management Program: Data Center Energy Consumption Trends on Delicious Rank Federal Energy Management Program: Data Center Energy Consumption Trends on Digg Find More places to share Federal Energy Management Program: Data Center Energy Consumption Trends on AddThis.com... Sustainable Buildings & Campuses Operations & Maintenance Greenhouse Gases Water Efficiency Data Center Energy Efficiency Energy Consumption Trends

144

Electricity Use in California: Past Trends and Present Usage...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Use in California: Past Trends and Present Usage Patterns Title Electricity Use in California: Past Trends and Present Usage Patterns Publication Type Journal Article Year of...

145

Photovoltaic (PV) Pricing Trends: Historical, Recent, and Near...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Photovoltaic (PV) Pricing Trends: Historical, Recent, and Near-Term Projections Title Photovoltaic (PV) Pricing Trends: Historical, Recent, and Near-Term Projections Publication...

146

Demand Response National Trends: Implications for the West? ...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Demand Response National Trends: Implications for the West? Demand Response National Trends: Implications for the West? Committee on Regional Electric Power Cooperation. San...

147

An Examination of Temporal Trends in Electricity Reliability...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

An Examination of Temporal Trends in Electricity Reliability Based on Reports from U.S. Electric Utilities Title An Examination of Temporal Trends in Electricity Reliability Based...

148

Demographic trends in the European Union political and strategic implicaitons .  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??This thesis analyzes adverse demographic trends in the European Union, including sub-replacement birthrates and increasing median ages. It investigates the implications of these trends for (more)

Rasco, Clark Joseph

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

149

TrendSetter Solar Products Inc aka Trendsetter Industries formerly...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

TrendSetter Solar Products Inc aka Trendsetter Industries formerly Six River Solar Jump to: navigation, search Name TrendSetter Solar Products Inc (aka Trendsetter Industries,...

150

Residential and Transport Energy Use in India: Past Trend and...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Residential and Transport Energy Use in India: Past Trend and Future Outlook Title Residential and Transport Energy Use in India: Past Trend and Future Outlook Publication Type...

151

Energy Use in China: Sectoral Trends and Future Outlook  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of the scenarios. Energy consumption is driven by thepatterns of energy consumption, trends in saturation andcomponents and trends in energy consumption in the worlds

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

152

TV Energy Consumption Trends and Energy-Efficiency Improvement...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

TV Energy Consumption Trends and Energy-Efficiency Improvement Options Title TV Energy Consumption Trends and Energy-Efficiency Improvement Options Publication Type Report LBNL...

153

Cooking Trends from 1993 to 2001  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Home Page U.S. Energy Information Administration's Residential Buildings Site, Cooking Trends from 1993 to 2001. If you need assistance viewing this page, call 202-586-8800. Energy Information Adiministration Homepage Home Page U.S. Energy Information Administration's Residential Buildings Site, Cooking Trends from 1993 to 2001. If you need assistance viewing this page, call 202-586-8800. Energy Information Adiministration Homepage Home > Residential > Residential Home Page > Cooking Trends from 1993 to 2001 Cooking Trends in the United States : Are We Really Becoming a Fast Food Country? Graphic of vegetables A popular perception is that Americans now spend less time in the kitchen than in the past. Has there been an identifiable trend toward cooking less in the 1990s, or have cooking habits remained relatively constant over that period? And what characteristics of American households can be seen to influence their cooking patterns? The Residential Energy Consumption Survey (RECS) collects data on household characteristics as well as on residential energy consumption. The first RECS was conducted in 1978 and the eleventh and most recent survey was conducted in 2001. This report will refer to data collected in the 1993 and 2001 RECS.

154

Trends in motor gasolines: 1942-1981  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Trends in motor gasolines for the years of 1942 through 1981 have been evaluated based upon data contained in surveys that have been prepared and published by the Bartlesville Energy Technology Center (BETC). These surveys have been published twice annually since 1935 describing the properties of motor gasolines from throughout the country. The surveys have been conducted in cooperation with the American Petroleum Institute (API) since 1948. Various companies from throughout the country obtain samples from retail outlets, analyze the samples by the American Society for Testing and Materials (ASTM) procedures, and report data to the Bartlesville center for compilation, tabulation, calculation, analysis and publication. A typical motor gasoline report covers 2400 samples from service stations throughout the country representing some 48 companies that manufacture and supply gasoline. The reports include trend charts, octane plots, and tables of test results from about a dozen different tests. From these data in 77 semiannual surveys, a summary report has thus been assembled that shows trends in motor gasolines throughout the entire era of winter 1942 to 1943 to the present. Trends of physical properties including octane numbers, antiknock ratings, distillation temperatures, Reid vapor pressure, sulfur and lead content are tabulated, plotted and discussed in the current report. Also included are trend effects of technological advances and the interactions of engine design, societal and political events and prices upon motor gasoline evolution during the 40 year period.

Shelton, E M; Whisman, M L; Woodward, P W

1982-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

155

Business development trends and analysis for the data networking market  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The Internet has come a long way after the widely reported invention by Sandra Lerner and Leonard Bosack of the router, a device that can transmit data from one network to another based on certain protocols and principles. ...

Patil, Devadas V

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

156

Future world energy demand driven by trends in developing ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

EIA's International Energy Outlook 2013 (IEO2013) projects that growth in world energy use largely comes from countries outside of the Organization ...

157

Trends and new developments in automotive fuel economy  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The significant improvements in passenger car fuel economy that have been achieved up to the present time are identified, and the changes that have produced these improvements are examined in detail. Included are several comparisons of domestic versus foreign vehicles. The potential for further increases in fuel economy is then reviewed by examining the technological, marketing/economic, and other significant factors that will affect future fuel economy levels. Special attention is given to the effect that changing market mix has on corporate average fuel economy and to the future benefits that may be realized through the use of continuously variable transmissions, adiabatic diesel engines, and improved lubricants.

Simpson, B.H.

1985-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

158

Trends in the development of communication networks: Cognitive networks  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

One of the main challenges already faced by communication networks is the efficient management of increasing complexity. The recently proposed concept of cognitive network appears as a candidate that can address this issue. In this paper, we survey the ... Keywords: Autonomic networks, Cognition loop, Cognitive networks, Cross-layer, Knowledge representation, Learning, OSI, Protocol stack, Reasoning, Self-aware

Carolina Fortuna; Mihael Mohorcic

2009-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

159

Trends in HFE Methods and Tools and Their Applicability to Safety Reviews  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission's (NRC) conducts human factors engineering (HFE) safety reviews of applicant submittals for new plants and for changes to existing plants. The reviews include the evaluation of the methods and tools (M&T) used by applicants as part of their HFE program. The technology used to perform HFE activities has been rapidly evolving, resulting in a whole new generation of HFE M&Ts. The objectives of this research were to identify the current trends in HFE methods and tools, determine their applicability to NRC safety reviews, and identify topics for which the NRC may need additional guidance to support the NRC's safety reviews. We conducted a survey that identified over 100 new HFE M&Ts. The M&Ts were assessed to identify general trends. Seven trends were identified: Computer Applications for Performing Traditional Analyses, Computer-Aided Design, Integration of HFE Methods and Tools, Rapid Development Engineering, Analysis of Cognitive Tasks, Use of Virtual Environments and Visualizations, and Application of Human Performance Models. We assessed each trend to determine its applicability to the NRC's review by considering (1) whether the nuclear industry is making use of M&Ts for each trend, and (2) whether M&Ts reflecting the trend can be reviewed using the current design review guidance. We concluded that M&T trends that are applicable to the commercial nuclear industry and are expected to impact safety reviews may be considered for review guidance development. Three trends fell into this category: Analysis of Cognitive Tasks, Use of Virtual Environments and Visualizations, and Application of Human Performance Models. The other trends do not need to be addressed at this time.

O'Hara, J.M.; Plott, C.; Milanski, J.; Ronan, A.; Scheff, S.; Laux, L.; and Bzostek, J.

2009-09-30T23:59:59.000Z

160

Anthropogenic and natural contributions to regional trends in aerosol optical depth, 1980-2006.  

SciTech Connect

Understanding the roles of human and natural sources in contributing to aerosol concentrations around the world is an important step toward developing efficient and effective mitigation measures for local and regional air quality degradation and climate change. In this study we test the hypothesis that changes in aerosol optical depth (AOD) over time are caused by the changing patterns of anthropogenic emissions of aerosols and aerosol precursors. We present estimated trends of contributions to AOD for eight world regions from 1980 to 2006, built upon a full run of the Goddard Chemistry Aerosol Radiation and Transport model for the year 2001, extended in time using trends in emissions of man-made and natural sources. Estimated AOD trends agree well (R > 0.5) with observed trends in surface solar radiation in Russia, the United States, south Asia, southern Africa, and East Asia (before 1992) but less well for Organization for Economic Co-operative Development (OECD) Europe (R < 0.5). The trends do not agree well for southeast Asia and for East Asia (after 1992) where large-scale inter- and intraannual variations in emissions from forest fires, volcanic eruptions, and dust storms confound our approach. Natural contributions to AOD, including forest and grassland fires, show no significant long-term trends (<1%/a), except for a small increasing trend in OECD Europe and a small decreasing trend in South America. Trends in man-made contributions to AOD follow the changing patterns of industrial and economic activity. We quantify the average contributions of key source types to regional AOD over the entire time period.

Streets, D. G.; Yan, F.; Chin, M.; Diehl, T.; Mahowald, N.; Schultz, M.; Wild, M.; Wu, Y.; Yu, C.; Decision and Information Sciences; Univ. of Illinois; NASA; Cornell Univ.; Forschungszentrum; Inst.for Atmospheric and Climate Science; Tsinghua Univ.

2009-07-28T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "development trends depicted" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


161

Engineering manpower supply and demand in the petroleum industry as affected by engineering salary trends  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

To understand the changes that occur periodically in engineering manpower supply/demand trends in the petroleum industry, it is desirable to have an awareness of some of the major activity factors affecting such trends, of starting Petroleum Engineering salaries relating to that background, of the on-going engineering salary status which developed from these activities and of the large effect that high starting and on-going salaries do have in attracting and retaining engineers within the petroleum industry.

Brown, D.C.

1984-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

162

Natural Gas 1996: Issues and Trends  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

6) 6) Distribution Category UC-950 Natural Gas 1996 Issues and Trends December 1996 Energy Information Administration Office of Oil and Gas U.S. Department of Energy Washington, DC 20585 This report was prepared by the Energy Information Administration, the independent statistical and analytical agency within the Department of Energy. The information contained herein should not be construed as advocating or reflecting any policy position of the Department of Energy or any other organization. Energy Information Administration Natural Gas 1996: Issues and Trends iii Preface Natural Gas 1996: Issues and Trends provides a summary of  Chapter 1. "Overview," Mary E. Carlson (202/586-4749). the latest data and information relating to the U.S. natural gas

163

EIA - AEO2010 - Trends in Economic Activity  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Trends in Economic Activity Trends in Economic Activity Annual Energy Outlook 2010 with Projections to 2035 Trends in Economic Activity Real gross domestic product returns to its pre-recession level by 2011 AEO2010 presents three views of economic growth (Figure 31). The rate of growth in real GDP depends on assumptions about labor force growth and productivity. In the Reference case, growth in real GDP averages 2.4 percent per year. Figure 31. Average annual growth rates of real GDP, labot force, and productivity in three cases, 2008-2035 Click to enlarge » Figure source and data excel logo Figure 32. Average annual inflation, interest, and unemployment rates in three cases, 2008-2035 Click to enlarge » Figure source and data excel logo Figure 33. Sectoral composition of industrial output growth rates in three cases, 2008-2035

164

Trends in Utility Green Pricing Programs (2006)  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Trends in Utility Green Trends in Utility Green Pricing Programs (2006) Lori Bird and Marshall Kaiser Technical Report NREL/TP-670-42287 October 2007 NREL is operated by Midwest Research Institute ● Battelle Contract No. DE-AC36-99-GO10337 National Renewable Energy Laboratory 1617 Cole Boulevard, Golden, Colorado 80401-3393 303-275-3000 * www.nrel.gov Operated for the U.S. Department of Energy Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy by Midwest Research Institute * Battelle Contract No. DE-AC36-99-GO10337 Technical Report NREL/TP-670-42287 October 2007 Trends in Utility Green Pricing Programs (2006) Lori Bird and Marshall Kaiser Prepared under Task No. IGST.7330 NOTICE This report was prepared as an account of work sponsored by an agency of the United States government.

165

Natural Gas 1995 Issues and Trends  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

5) 5) Distribution Category UC-950 Natural Gas 1995 Issues and Trends November 1995 Energy Information Administration Office of Oil and Gas U.S. Department of Energy Washington, DC 20585 This report was prepared by the Energy Information Administration, the independent statistical and analytical agency within the Department of Energy. The information contained herein should not be construed as advocating or reflecting any policy position of the Department of Energy or any other organization. Energy Information Administration Natural Gas 1995: Issues and Trends iii Preface Natural Gas 1995: Issues and Trends has been prepared by the Energy Information Administration (EIA) to provide a summary of the latest data and information relating to the natural gas industry, including prices, production, transmission,

166

DataTrends Energy Use Benchmarking  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Benchmarking Benchmarking The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency's (EPA) ENERGY STAR Portfolio Manager is changing the way organizations track and manage energy. As of December 2011, organizations have used Portfolio Manager to track and manage the energy use of over 260,000 buildings across all 50 states, representing over 28 billion square feet (nearly 40% of the commercial market). Because of this widespread market adoption, EPA has prepared the DataTrends series to examine benchmarking and trends in energy and water consumption in Portfolio Manager. To learn more, visit www.energystar.gov/DataTrends. Many different types of organizations use Portfolio Manager to benchmark the energy use of their buildings. Office, K-12

167

Trends in Utility Green Pricing Programs (2004)  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Trends in Utility Green Trends in Utility Green Pricing Programs (2004) Lori Bird and Elizabeth Brown Technical Report NREL/TP-620-38800 October 2005 Trends in Utility Green Pricing Programs (2004) Lori Bird and Elizabeth Brown Prepared under Task No. ASG5.1003 Technical Report NREL/TP-620-38800 October 2005 National Renewable Energy Laboratory 1617 Cole Boulevard, Golden, Colorado 80401-3393 303-275-3000 * www.nrel.gov Operated for the U.S. Department of Energy Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy by Midwest Research Institute * Battelle Contract No. DE-AC36-99-GO10337 NOTICE This report was prepared as an account of work sponsored by an agency of the United States government. Neither the United States government nor any agency thereof, nor any of their employees, makes any

168

Natural Gas 1994: Issues and Trends  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

4) 4) Distribution Category UC-950 Natural Gas 1994 Issues and Trends July 1994 Energy Information Administration Office of Oil and Gas U.S. Department of Energy Washington, DC 20585 This report was prepared by the Energy Information Administration, the independent statistical and analytical agency within the Department of Energy. The information contained herein should not be construed as advocating or reflecting any policy position of the Department of Energy or any other organization. ii Natural Gas 1994: Issues and Trends Energy Information Administration Contacts Natural Gas 1994: Issues and Trends was prepared by the Energy Information Administration, Office of Oil and Gas, under the direction of Diane W. Lique (202/586-6401). General information concerning this report may be obtained from Joan

169

Condensation temperature trends among stars with planets  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Results from detailed spectroscopic analyses of stars hosting massive planets are employed to search for trends between abundances and condensation temperatures. The elements C, S, Na, Mg, Al, Ca, Sc, Ti, V, Cr, Mn, Fe, Ni and Zn are included in the analysis of 64 stars with planets and 33 comparison stars. No significant trends are evident in the data. This null result suggests that accretion of rocky material onto the photospheres of stars with planets is not the primary explanation for their high metallicities. However, the differences between the solar photospheric and meteoritic abundances do display a weak but significant trend with condensation temperature. This suggests that the metallicity of the sun's envelope has been enriched relative to its interior by about 0.07 dex.

Guillermo Gonzalez

2005-12-08T23:59:59.000Z

170

Recent trends in automobile recycling: An energy and economic assessment  

SciTech Connect

Recent and anticipated trends in the material composition of domestic and imported automobiles and the increasing cost of landfilling the non-recyclable portion of automobiles (automobile shredder residue or ASR) pose questions about the future of automobile recycling. This report documents the findings of a study sponsored by the US Department of Energy`s Office of Environmental Analysis to examine the impacts of these and other relevant trends on the life-cycle energy consumption of automobiles and on the economic viability of the domestic automobile recycling industry. More specifically, the study (1) reviewed the status of the automobile recycling industry in the United States, including the current technologies used to process scrapped automobiles and the challenges facing the automobile recycling industry; (2) examined the current status and future trends of automobile recycling in Europe and Japan, with the objectives of identifying ``lessons learned`` and pinpointing differences between those areas and the United States; (3) developed estimates of the energy system impacts of the recycling status quo and projections of the probable energy impacts of alternative technical and institutional approaches to recycling; and (4) identified the key policy questions that will determine the future economic viability of automobile shredder facilities in the United States.

Curlee, T.R.; Das, S.; Rizy, C.G. [Oak Ridge National Lab., TN (United States); Schexanyder, S.M. [Tennessee Univ., Knoxville, TN (United States). Dept. of Biochemistry

1994-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

171

NFI Publishes White Paper on Trends, Challenges and ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

NFI Publishes White Paper on Trends, Challenges and Strategy in Forensic Science. April 9, 2013. ...

2013-08-20T23:59:59.000Z

172

EXECUTIVE SUMMARY . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1 CHAPTER 1: WORLD OIL TRENDS  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1 CHAPTER 1: WORLD OIL TRENDS Introduction . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11 Onshore Oil Production . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11 Offshore Oil Production

173

TRENDS AND ISSUES Do People Save Enough for Retirement?  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

#12;TIAA-CREF INSTITUTE TRENDS AND ISSUES 2 05/05 TRENDS AND ISSUES www.tiaa ..........................................................................................p. 10 05/05 #12;TIAA-CREF INSTITUTE TRENDS AND ISSUES 3 05/05 TRENDS AND ISSUES www.tiaa

Cinabro, David

174

Cover Page of Household Vehicles Energy Use: Latest Data & Trends  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Household Vehicles Energy Use Cover Page Cover Page of Household Vehicles Energy Use: Latest Data & Trends...

175

TV Energy Consumption Trends and Energy-Efficiency Improvement Options  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

trends and their relative magnitude within the overall TV market will have considerable impact on total energymarket potential those technical options or trends that are expected to save energymarket trends by technology, region, and screen size. Chapter 3, TV Technology Trends and Energy

Park, Won Young

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

176

Annual Energy Outlook 2000 - Market Trend  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

mrktrend.gif (2686 bytes) Economic Activity International Oil Markets Energy Demand Electricity Oil & Natural Gas Coal Emissions The projections in AEO2000 are not statements of what will happen but of what might happen, given the assumptions and methodologies used. The projections are business-as-usual trend forecasts, given known technology, technological and demographic trends, and current laws and regulations. Thus, they provide a policy-neutral reference case that can be used to analyze policy initiatives. EIA does not propose, advocate, or speculate on future legislative and regulatory changes. All laws are assumed to remain as currently enacted; however, the impacts of emerging regulatory changes, when defined, are reflected.

177

Texas LandTrends texaslandtrends.org Texas is home to more than 142 million acres of private  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Texas LandTrends texaslandtrends.org Texas is home to more than 142 million acres of private farms, environmental and recreational benefits to the state. The Texas A&M Institute of Renewable Natural Resources and American Farmland Trust have partnered to develop Texas Land Trends (texaslandtrends.org), an interactive

Wilkins, Neal

178

INEEL Greenhouse Gas Inventory and Trend Analysis  

SciTech Connect

The objective of the INEEL GHG Inventory and Trend Analysis is to establish INEEL expertise in carbon management decision making and policy analysis. This FY-99 effort is the first step toward placing the INEEL in a leadership role within the DOE laboratories to support carbon management systems and analysis.

Shropshire, David Earl; Teel, Dale Milton

2000-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

179

Future trends in oil and gas visualization  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The question that this panel wishes to explore is: What are the future visualization trends and requirements for the oil and gas industry to efficiently handle and explore the ever-increasing volume and variety of available data?It has been proven many ...

Francine Evans; William Volz; Geoffrey Dorn; Bernd Frhlich; David M Roberts

2002-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

180

Trends, Discovery, & Innovation at NUG User  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Trends, Discovery, & Innovation at NUG User Day 2013 --- 1 --- The s econd d ay o f t he N ERSC U ser G roup ( NUG) 2013 m ee@ng w as f ocused o n c ommunity engagement a nd c...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "development trends depicted" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


181

Outdoor Recreation Participation Trends in Texas  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Outdoor recreation is a popular pastime in Texas. This publication reports on the participation and trends in outdoor recreation in the U.S. and Texas revealed in the National Survey on Recreation and the Environment conducted by the U.S. Forest Service.

Schuett, Michael A.; Shafer, Carl Scott; Lu, Jiaying

2009-01-06T23:59:59.000Z

182

Foundations and Trends R Information Retrieval  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Foundations and Trends R in Information Retrieval Vol. 2, No. 3 (2008) 137­213 c 2008 C. Zhai DOI: 10.1561/1500000008 Statistical Language Models for Information Retrieval A Critical Review Cheng@cs.uiuc.edu Abstract Statistical language models have recently been successfully applied to many information retrieval

Zhai, ChengXiang

183

Bibliometric trend analysis on global graphene research  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Graphene is a rising star as one of the promising materials with many applications. Its global literature increased fast in recent years. In this work, bibliometric analysis and knowledge visualization technology were applied to evaluate global scientific ... Keywords: Bibliometric analysis, Co-authorship, Co-words, Graphene, Knowledge mapping, Research trend

Peng Hui Lv; Gui-Fang Wang; Yong Wan; Jia Liu; Qing Liu; Fei-Cheng Ma

2011-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

184

New Report Shows Trend Toward Larger Offshore Wind Systems, with 11  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Report Shows Trend Toward Larger Offshore Wind Systems, with 11 Report Shows Trend Toward Larger Offshore Wind Systems, with 11 Advanced Stage Projects Proposed in U.S. Waters New Report Shows Trend Toward Larger Offshore Wind Systems, with 11 Advanced Stage Projects Proposed in U.S. Waters October 23, 2013 - 10:52am Addthis The Energy Department today released a new report showing progress for the U.S. offshore wind energy market in 2012, including the completion of two commercial lease auctions for federal Wind Energy Areas and 11 commercial-scale U.S. projects representing over 3,800 megawatts (MW) of capacity reaching an advanced stage of development. Further, the report highlights global trends toward building offshore turbines in deeper waters and using larger, more efficient turbines in offshore wind farms, increasing the amount of electricity delivered to consumers.

185

REFERRED WATERFLOOD MANAGEMENT PRACTICES FOR THE SPRABERRY TREND AREA  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This report describes the work performed during the first semi-annual third year of the project, ''Preferred Waterflood Management Practices for the Spraberry Trend Area''. The objective of this project is to significantly increase field-wide production in the Spraberry Trend in a short time frame through the application of preferred practices for managing and optimizing water injection. Our goal is to dispel negative attitudes and lack of confidence in water injection and to document the methodology and results for public dissemination to motivate waterflood expansion in the Spraberry Trend. To achieve this objective, in this period we concentrated our effort on analyzing production and injection data to optimize the reservoir management strategies for Germania Spraberry Unit. This study address the reservoir characterization and monitoring of the waterflooding project and propose alternatives of development of the current and future conditions of the reservoir to improve field performance. This research should serve as a guide for future work in reservoir simulation and can be used to evaluate various scenarios for additional development as well as to optimize the operating practices in the field. The results indicate that under the current conditions, a total of 1.410 million barrels of oil can be produced in the next 20 years through the 64 active wells and suggest that the unit can be successfully flooded with the current injection rate of 1600 BWPD and the pattern consisting of 6 injection wells aligned about 36 degrees respect to the major fracture orientation. In addition, a progress report on GSU waterflood pilot is reported for this period.

C. M. Sizemore; David S. Schechter

2004-02-13T23:59:59.000Z

186

Annual Energy Outlook 1999 - Market Trend  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

mrktrend.gif (2686 bytes) mrktrend.gif (2686 bytes) Economic Activity International Oil Markets Energy Demand Electricity Oil & Natural Gas Coal Emissions The projections in AEO99 are not statements of what will happen but of what might happen, given the assumptions and methodologies used. The projections are business-as-usual trend forecasts, given known technology, technological and demographic trends, and current laws and regulations. Thus, they provide a policy-neutral reference case that can be used to analyze policy initiatives. EIA does not propose, advocate, or speculate on future legislative and regulatory changes. All laws are assumed to remain as currently enacted; however, the impacts of emerging regulatory changes, when defined, are reflected. Because energy markets are complex, models are simplified representations of energy production and consumption, regulations, and producer and consumer behavior. Projections are highly dependent on the data, methodologies, model structures,

187

Trends in Commercial Buildings--Overview  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Home > Trends in Commercial Buildings > Commercial Home > Trends in Commercial Buildings > Commercial Buildings Energy Consumption Survey Survey Methodology Sampling Error, Standard Errors, and Relative Standard Errors The Commercial Buildings Energy Consumption Survey The commercial sector consists of business establishments and other organizations that provide services. The sector includes service businesses, such as retail and wholesale stores, hotels and motels, restaurants, and hospitals, as well as a wide range of buildings that would not be considered “commercial” in a traditional economic sense, such as public schools, correctional institutions, and religious and fraternal organizations. Excluded from the sector are the goods-producing industries: manufacturing, agriculture, mining, forestry and fisheries, and construction.

188

Trends in Utility Green Pricing Programs (2003)  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

33 33 Trends in Utility Green Pricing Programs (2003) Lori Bird and Karen Cardinal National Renewable Energy Laboratory 1617 Cole Boulevard, Golden, Colorado 80401-3393 303-275-3000 * www.nrel.gov Operated for the U.S. Department of Energy Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy by Midwest Research Institute * Battelle Contract No. DE-AC36-99-GO10337 September 2004 * NREL/TP-620-36833 Trends in Utility Green Pricing Programs (2003) Lori Bird and Karen Cardinal Prepared under Task No. ASG4.1003 National Renewable Energy Laboratory 1617 Cole Boulevard, Golden, Colorado 80401-3393 303-275-3000 * www.nrel.gov Operated for the U.S. Department of Energy Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy by Midwest Research Institute * Battelle

189

Natural gas 1995: Issues and trends  

SciTech Connect

Natural Gas 1995: Issues and Trends addresses current issues affecting the natural gas industry and markets. Highlights of recent trends include: Natural gas wellhead prices generally declined throughout 1994 and for 1995 averages 22% below the year-earlier level; Seasonal patterns of natural gas production and wellhead prices have been significantly reduced during the past three year; Natural gas production rose 15% from 1985 through 1994, reaching 18.8 trillion cubic feet; Increasing amounts of natural gas have been imported; Since 1985, lower costs of producing and transporting natural gas have benefitted consumers; Consumers may see additional benefits as States examine regulatory changes aimed at increasing efficiency; and, The electric industry is being restructured in a fashion similar to the recent restructuring of the natural gas industry.

NONE

1995-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

190

Overview of Commercial Buildings, 2003 - Trends  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Trends in Commercial Buildings Sector-1979 to 2003 Trends in Commercial Buildings Sector-1979 to 2003 Since the first CBECS in 1979, the commercial buildings sector has increased in size. From 1979 to 2003: The number of commercial buildings increased from 3.8 million to 4.9 million (Figure 3). The amount of commercial floorspace increased from 51 billion to 72 billion square feet (Figure 4). Total energy consumed increased from less than 5,900 trillion to more than 6,500 trillion Btu (Figure 5). Electricity and natural gas consumption, nearly equal in 1979, diverged; electricity increased to more than 3,500 trillion Btu by 2003 while natural gas declined to 2,100 trillion Btu. Figure 3. The number of commercial buildings increased from 1979 to 2003. Figure 3. The number of commercial buildings increased from 1979 to 2003.

191

Retrospective Evaluation of Appliance Price Trends  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Evaluation of Appliance Price Trends Evaluation of Appliance Price Trends Title Retrospective Evaluation of Appliance Price Trends Publication Type Journal Article Year of Publication 2009 Authors Dale, Larry L., Camille Antinori, Michael A. McNeil, James E. McMahon, and Sydny K. Fujita Journal Energy Policy Volume 37 Issue 2 Pagination 597-605 Date Published November 20 Keywords appliance efficiency standards, price forecasts, EES-EG Abstract Real prices of major appliances (refrigerators, dishwashers, heating and cooling equipment) have been falling since the late 1970s despite increases in appliance efficiency and other quality variables. This paper demonstrates that historic increases in efficiency over time, including those resulting from minimum efficiency standards, incur smaller price increases than were expected by the Department of Energy (DOE) forecasts made in conjunction with standards. This effect can be explained by technological innovation, which lowers the cost of efficiency, and by market changes contributing to lower markups and economies of scale in production of higher efficiency units. We reach four principal conclusions about appliance trends and retail price setting:1. For the past several decades, the retail price of appliances has been steadily falling while efficiency has been increasing.2. Past retail price predictions made by the DOE analyses of efficiency standards, assuming constant prices over time, have tended to overestimate retail prices.3. The average incremental price to increase appliance efficiency has declined over time. DOE technical support documents have typically overestimated this incremental price and retail prices.4. Changes in retail markups and economies of scale in production of more efficient appliances may have contributed to declines in prices of efficient appliances.

192

Generation Trends in the Electricity Sector  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

One of the key questions concerning the interaction of plug-in electric vehicles (PEVs) and the electricity grid is how the upstream emissions and energy use of power plants used to charge PEVs compare with the lifecycle emissions and energy use of conventional vehicles. This Update provides a look at recent data on trends in power generation in the United States from 1990 to 2013, including capacity, generation, capacity factor, energy use, and heat rateemissions rates will be analyzed in ...

2013-12-21T23:59:59.000Z

193

Labor market trends for health physicists  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Information is presented on the recent trends in enrollments, degrees and US civilian, non-medical employment for health physicists. This information is combined with other data such as salary comparisons, indicators of hiring difficulties by the federal government, and information received from employers to assess the current labor market status for health physicists. This information indicates that for the last several years demands for new graduate health physicists have been greater than supplies. An assessment of projected enrollment and degree trends and employment trends through the mid-1990s is presented. This assessment indicates that the current labor market situation is not likely to change -- the number of job openings will continue to exceed the number of new graduates available for employment. Moreover, information is presented which indicates that there are several factors at work in the general economy which will make is difficult to enhance health physics enrollments and degrees. Thus, while the recent increase in enrollments in health physics programs and the addition of two new programs in 1990 is encouraging, these are not enough to meet future employment needs. Employers will, in all likelihood, continue to have difficulties in hiring health physicists, and salaries will continue to be relatively high through the mid-1990s. 16 refs., 8 figs.

Not Available

1991-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

194

WRI-Earth Trends Data | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

WRI-Earth Trends Data WRI-Earth Trends Data Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: WRI-Earth Trends Data Agency/Company /Organization: World Resources Institute Sector: Energy Resource Type: Dataset, Maps Website: www.wri.org/project/earthtrends WRI-Earth Trends Data Screenshot References: Earth Trends Data[1] About "Based on the World Resources series, EarthTrends is a free on-line resource that highlights the environmental, social, and economic trends that shape our world. The site offers the public a comprehensive collection of vital statistics, maps, and graphics for more than 200 countries. Much of the environmental information on the internet is fragmented, buried, or only available at a price. EarthTrends gathers data from more than 40 of the world's leading statistical agencies, along with

195

Contributions of External Forcings to Southern Annular Mode Trends  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

An observed trend in the Southern Hemisphere annular mode (SAM) during recent decades has involved an intensification of the polar vortex. The source of this trend is a matter of scientific debate with stratospheric ozone losses, greenhouse gas ...

Julie M. Arblaster; Gerald A. Meehl

2006-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

196

Trends in U.S. Residential Natural Gas Consumption  

Reports and Publications (EIA)

This report presents an analysis of residential natural gas consumption trends in the United States through 2009 and analyzes consumption trends for the United States as a whole (1990 through 2009) and for each Census Division (1998 through 2009).

Lejla Alic

2010-06-23T23:59:59.000Z

197

Annular Modes in the Extratropical Circulation. Part II: Trends  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The authors exploit the remarkable similarity between recent climate trends and the structure of the annular modes in the month-to-month variability (as described in a companion paper) to partition the trends into components linearly congruent ...

David W. J. Thompson; John M. Wallace; Gabriele C. Hegerl

2000-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

198

Selecting a Model for Detecting the Presence of a Trend  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The authors consider the problem of determining whether the upward trending behavior in the global temperature anomaly series should be forecast to continue. To address this question, the generic problem of determining whether an observed trend ...

Wayne A. Woodward; H. L. Gray

1995-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

199

Regional Precipitation Trends: Distinguishing Natural Variability from Anthropogenic Forcing  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this study, the nature and causes for observed regional precipitation trends during 19772006 are diagnosed. It is found that major features of regional trends in annual precipitation during 19772006 are consistent with an atmospheric ...

Martin Hoerling; Jon Eischeid; Judith Perlwitz

2010-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

200

August 28 Webinar to Explore Renewable Energy Market Trends ...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

August 28 Webinar to Explore Renewable Energy Market Trends August 28 Webinar to Explore Renewable Energy Market Trends August 21, 2013 - 12:18pm Addthis The U.S. Department of...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "development trends depicted" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


201

Identifying rapidly evolving technological trends for R&D planning using SAO-based semantic patent networks  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Patents constitute an up-to-date source of competitive intelligence in technological development; thus, patent analysis has been a vital tool for identifying technological trends. Patent citation analysis is easy to use, but fundamentally has two main ... Keywords: C63, C82, Natural language processing (NLP), Patent mining, Patent network, Research and development (R&D) trend, Semantic patent similarity, Subject-action-object (SAO) structures

Janghyeok Yoon; Kwangsoo Kim

2011-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

202

Trends, with an Application to Relative Primary Commodity Prices ?  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Testing for unit roots and the impact of quadratic trends, with an application to relative primary commodity prices by

David I. Harvey; Stephen J. Leybourne; A. M. Robert Taylor; David I. Harvey; Stephen J. Leybourne; A. M. Robert Taylor

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

203

Trends in Practitioner Training for the Renewable Energy Trades  

SciTech Connect

As workforce development becomes more of a critical component for an expanding renewable energy economy, new training opportunities are on the increase for practitioners interested in either getting into the renewable energy trades or upgrading their professional skills. This paper will report on the new trends in training and show how the instruction has become more highly developed. In many cases, curricula are now designed to provide teaching that leads to defined workplace knowledge, skills, and abilities. Private and academic training programs are becoming accredited specifically to renewable energy standards. Community colleges and technical schools are responding to local jobs by offering more and more renewable energy trades courses. And classes are expanding from 3 to 5 day workshops to semester-long courses resulting in one-year certificate and two-year associate degree programs at Community Colleges.

Weissman, Jane M.; Laflin, Kirk

2006-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

204

PREFERRED WATERFLOOD MANAGEMENT PRACTICES FOR THE SPRABERRY TREND AREA  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This report describes the work performed during the second year of the project, ''Preferred Waterflood Management Practices for the Spraberry Trend Area''. The objective of this project is to significantly increase field-wide production in the Spraberry Trend in a short time frame through the application of preferred practices for managing and optimizing water injection. Our goal is to dispel negative attitudes and lack of confidence in water injection and to document the methodology and results for public dissemination to motivate waterflood expansion in the Spraberry Trend. To achieve this objective, in this period we concentrated our effort on characterization of Germania Unit using an analog field ET ODaniel unit and old cased hole neutron. Petrophysical Characterization of the Germania Spraberry units requires a unique approach for a number of reasons--limited core data, lack of modern log data and absence of directed studies within the unit. The need for characterization of the Germania unit has emerged as a first step in the review, understanding and enhancement of the production practices applicable within the unit and the trend area in general. In the absence or lack of the afore mentioned resources, an approach that will rely heavily on previous petrophysical work carried out in the neighboring ET O'Daniel unit (6.2 miles away), and normalization of the old log data prior to conventional interpretation techniques will be used. A log-based rock model has been able to guide successfully the prediction of pay and non-pay intervals within the ET O'Daniel unit, and will be useful if found applicable within the Germania unit. A novel multiple regression technique utilizing non-parametric transformations to achieve better correlations in predicting a dependent variable (permeability) from multiple independent variables (rock type, shale volume and porosity) will also be investigated in this study. A log data base includes digitized formats of Gamma Ray, Cased Hole Neutron, limited Resistivity and Neutron/Density/Sonic porosity logs over a considerable wide area. In addition, a progress report on GSU waterflood pilot is reported for this period. We have seen positive response of water injection on new wells. We believe by proper data acquisition and precise reservoir engineering techniques, any lack of confidence in waterflooding can be overcome. Therefore, we develop field management software to control a vast data from the pilot and to perform precise reservoir engineering techniques such as decline curve analysis, gas and oil material balances, bubble map plot and PVT analysis. The manual for this software is listed in the Appendix-A.

C. M. Sizemore; David S. Schechter

2003-08-13T23:59:59.000Z

205

Shifting production trends point to more oil from OPEC  

SciTech Connect

Oil production from the Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries and non-OPEC regions has undergone four major phases of change in relation to oil price since 1960. Patterns visible in those phases offer an indication of world-wide production trends in the future. These four phases are described. Overall, demand for oil during 1960--93 has increased from around 20 million b/d in 1960 to as high as 65 million b/d in 1993. The consensus among energy analysts and forecasters is that this demand growth will continue. This will encourage OPEC and non OPEC producers to invest in the oil industry to meet future demand growth. However, since the resource base is larger in OPEC than in non-OPEC areas, and since the cost of developing these resources is lower in OPEC than outside OPEC, the future call on OPEC oil to meet growth in demand will undoubtedly be substantiated as production from the non-OPEC region diminishes or at best stagnates. The paper discusses OPEC production trends, non-OPEC production, natural gas liquids, future production scenarios, and future constraints on production.

Ismail, I.A.H. (Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries, Vienna (Austria))

1994-12-26T23:59:59.000Z

206

Current Trends in Gamma Radiation Detection for Radiological Emergency Response  

SciTech Connect

Passive and active detection of gamma rays from shielded radioactive materials, including special nuclear materials, is an important task for any radiological emergency response organization. This article reports on the current trends and status of gamma radiation detection objectives and measurement techniques as applied to nonproliferation and radiological emergencies. In recent years, since the establishment of the Domestic Nuclear Detection Office by the Department of Homeland Security, a tremendous amount of progress has been made in detection materials (scintillators, semiconductors), imaging techniques (Compton imaging, use of active masking and hybrid imaging), data acquisition systems with digital signal processing, field programmable gate arrays and embedded isotopic analysis software (viz. gamma detector response and analysis software [GADRAS]1), fast template matching, and data fusion (merging radiological data with geo-referenced maps, digital imagery to provide better situational awareness). In this stride to progress, a significant amount of interdisciplinary research and development has taken placetechniques and spin-offs from medical science (such as x-ray radiography and tomography), materials engineering (systematic planned studies on scintillators to optimize several qualities of a good scintillator, nanoparticle applications, quantum dots, and photonic crystals, just to name a few). No trend analysis of radiation detection systems would be complete without mentioning the unprecedented strategic position taken by the National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA) to deter, detect, and interdict illicit trafficking in nuclear and other radioactive materials across international borders and through the global maritime transportationthe so-called second line of defense.

Mukhopadhyay, S., Guss, P., Maurer, R.

2011-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

207

Transportation Energy Efficiency Trends, 1972--1992  

SciTech Connect

The US transportation sector, which remains 97% dependent on petroleum, used a record 22.8 quads of energy in 1993. Though growing much more slowly than the economy from 1975 to 1985, energy use for transportation is now growing at nearly the same rate as GDP. This report describes the analysis of trends in energy use and energy intensity in transportation into components due to, (1) growth in transportation activity, (2) changes in energy intensity, and (3) changes in the modal structure of transportation activities.

Greene, D.L. [Oak Ridge National Lab., TN (United States); Fan, Y. [Oak Ridge Associated Universities, Inc., TN (United States)

1994-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

208

UNEP Global Trends in Sustainable Energy Investment 2009 Report | Open  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

UNEP Global Trends in Sustainable Energy Investment 2009 Report UNEP Global Trends in Sustainable Energy Investment 2009 Report Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: UNEP Global Trends in Sustainable Energy Investment 2009 Report Agency/Company /Organization: United Nations Environment Programme Sector: Energy Topics: Market analysis, Finance Website: sefi.unep.org/fileadmin/media/sefi/docs/publications/Global_Trends_200 References: UNEP Global Trends in Sustainable Energy Investment 2009 Report[1] TABLE OF CONTENTS Foreword ................................................................................................................ 5 List of Figures ....................................................................................................... 7 Methodology and Definitions ...................................................................................

209

Trends Online: A Compendium of Data on Global Change  

DOE Data Explorer (OSTI)

Data records are presented in multipage formats, each dealing with a specific site, region, or emissions species. The data records include tables; graphs; discussions of methods for collecting, measuring, and reporting the data; trends in the data, and references to literature providing further information. Instructions for citing specific data in Trends Online are provided for each compiled data set. All data appearing in Trends Online are available, on request, on digital media from CDIAC at no cost. [Copied from the Abstract to Trends Online at http://cdiac.ornl.gov/trends/abstract.htm

210

The Big Curve: Trends in University Fees and Financing in the EU and US  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Series Douglass and Keeling Trends in University Fees andUniversity, revised. College Board (2008). Trends in CollegePricing: 2008, Trends in Higher Education Series, College

Douglass, John Aubrey; Keeling, Ruth

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

211

Annual Report on U.S. Wind Power Installation, Cost, and Performance Trends: 2006  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Cost, and Performance Trends: 2006 Contents Primary authorsCost, and Performance Trends: 2006 Introduction The winda rapid pace, keeping up with trends in the marketplace has

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

212

U.S. Carsharing & Station Car Policy Considerations: Monitoring Growth, Trends & Overall Impacts  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Market Opportunities, Trends, and Technologies, Report PressMONITORING GROWTH, TRENDS & OVERALL IMPACTS UCD-ITS-RR-03-12Monitoring Growth, Trends & Overall Impacts Susan A.

Shaheen, Susan

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

213

Practices, Trends, and Recommendations in Technical Appendix Usage for Selected Data-Intensive Disciplines  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

datacite.org/]. PRACTICES, TRENDS, AND RECOMMENDATIONS IN22 a?archiving/]. PRACTICES, TRENDS, AND RECOMMENDATIONS INPRACTICES, TRENDS, AND RECOMMENDATIONS IN TECHNICAL APPENDIX

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

214

Geographic Trends Among Same-Sex Couples in the US Census and the American Community Survey  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

WILLIAMS INSTITUTE GEOGRAPHIC TRENDS IN THE CENSUS AND ACSWILLIAMS INSTITUTE GEOGRAPHIC TRENDS IN THE CENSUS AND ACSWILLIAMS INSTITUTE GEOGRAPHIC TRENDS IN THE CENSUS AND ACS

Gates, Gary J

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

215

Salinity trends, variability, and control in the northern reach of the San Francisco Estuary  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

I. 1990. STL: a seasonal-trend decomposition procedure basedinfluence on salinity trends. Presentation at 2004 CALFEDFox JP, Miller BJ. 1990. Trends in freshwater inflow to San

Enright, Christopher; Culberson, Steven D

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

216

Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #599: November 30, 2009 Historical Trend  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

9: November 30, 9: November 30, 2009 Historical Trend for Light Vehicle Sales to someone by E-mail Share Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #599: November 30, 2009 Historical Trend for Light Vehicle Sales on Facebook Tweet about Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #599: November 30, 2009 Historical Trend for Light Vehicle Sales on Twitter Bookmark Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #599: November 30, 2009 Historical Trend for Light Vehicle Sales on Google Bookmark Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #599: November 30, 2009 Historical Trend for Light Vehicle Sales on Delicious Rank Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #599: November 30, 2009 Historical Trend for Light Vehicle Sales on Digg Find More places to share Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #599: November 30, 2009 Historical Trend for Light Vehicle Sales on

217

Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #640: September 13, 2010 Monthly Trends  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

0: September 13, 0: September 13, 2010 Monthly Trends in Vehicle Miles of Travel to someone by E-mail Share Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #640: September 13, 2010 Monthly Trends in Vehicle Miles of Travel on Facebook Tweet about Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #640: September 13, 2010 Monthly Trends in Vehicle Miles of Travel on Twitter Bookmark Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #640: September 13, 2010 Monthly Trends in Vehicle Miles of Travel on Google Bookmark Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #640: September 13, 2010 Monthly Trends in Vehicle Miles of Travel on Delicious Rank Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #640: September 13, 2010 Monthly Trends in Vehicle Miles of Travel on Digg Find More places to share Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #640: September 13, 2010 Monthly Trends in Vehicle Miles of Travel on

218

New England Wind Forum: Cost Trends  

Wind Powering America (EERE)

Cost Trends Cost Trends Figure 1: Cost of Energy and Cumulative Domestic Capacity This graph shows how the cumulative domestic wind capacity (MW) has increased since 1980, while the cost of energy from wind power has declined by a factor of approximately 20 times during the same period but has increased slightly since 2001. Click on the image to view a larger version. This graph shows how the cumulative domestic wind capacity (MW) has increased since 1980, while the cost of energy from wind power has declined by a factor of approximately 20 times during the same period but has increased slightly since 2001. View a larger version of the graph. Overall, the wind industry is experiencing long-term decreases in the cost to produce wind-generated electricity (Figure 1), despite recent short-term increases in upfront equipment costs. Even in the short term, however, the effect of increases in up-front capital costs on the cost of energy from wind power projects has been dampened by improvements in energy capture from the wind and decreases in operating and maintenance costs.

219

Recent Trends in Crude Oil Stock Levels  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

J J J J J J J J J J J J J J J J J J J J J J J J J J J J J J J J J 0 280 300 320 340 360 380 400 420 1981 1982 1983 1984 1985 1986 1987 1988 1989 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 Average Range: 1993-1995 Recent Trends in Crude Oil Stock Levels by Aileen A. Bohn Energy Information Administration (EIA) data for March 1996 primary inventories of crude oil were the lowest recorded in almost 20 years. Crude oil inventories, which were generally on a downward trend since the beginning of 1995, fell below the average range in July 1995 and have yet to recover (Figure FE1). On September 27, 1996, crude oil stocks registered 303 million barrels, compared to a normal range of nearly 311 to 332 million barrels for September. 1 Low crude oil inventories can cause price volatility in crude oil markets. 2 When inventories are low, refiners resort to

220

Status and Trends in the U.S. Voluntary Green Power Market (2012 Data)  

SciTech Connect

Voluntary green power markets are those in which consumers and institutions voluntarily purchase renewable energy to match their electricity needs. Voluntary action provides a revenue stream for renewable energy projects and raises consumer awareness of the benefits of renewable energy. These markets continued to exhibit growth and stimulate renewable energy development in 2012. This paper reviews the voluntary market and identifies market trends.

Heeter, J.; Nicholas, T.

2013-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "development trends depicted" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


221

Annual Report on U.S. Wind Power Installation, Cost, and Performance Trends: 2006  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

This report--the first in what is envisioned to be an ongoing annual series--attempts to fill this need by providing a detailed overview of developments and trends in the U.S. wind power market, with a particular focus on 2006.

Wiser, R.; Bolinger, M.

2007-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

222

Introduction - Strong interaction in the nuclear medium: new trends  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Recent achievements in nuclear forces theory open new perspectives for the next decade of low energy nuclear physics, bringing together people from very different communities. Although many developments remain to be done, the possibility to directly use QCD to describe nuclear system is a major challenge that is within reach. In this introduction to the 2009 International Joliot-Curie School (EJC2009), new trends in the strong nuclear interaction are summarized starting from quarks and ending with finite or infinite nuclear systems. At different energy scales, selected new concepts and ideas have been discussed in a rather simple way. Recent advances in the theory of nuclear forces, thanks to chiral perturbation and effective field theories, have led to a new generation of strong nuclear interaction particularly suited to low energy nuclear physics. The interesting aspects of new interactions compared to conventional forces are underlined. Recent achievements in ab initio theories that directly start from the...

Lacroix, Denis

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

223

Renewable Energy Finance Tracking Initiative (REFTI) Solar Trend Analysis  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This report is a summary of the finance trends for small-scale solar photovoltaic (PV) projects (PV Energy Laboratory's Renewable Energy Finance Tracking Initiative (REFTI). The report presents REFTI data during the five quarterly periods from the fourth quarter of 2009 to the first half of 2011. The REFTI project relies exclusively on the voluntary participation of industry stakeholders for its data; therefore, it does not offer a comprehensive view of the technologies it tracks. Despite this limitation, REFTI is the only publicly available resource for renewable energy project financial terms. REFTI analysis offers usable inputs into the project economic evaluations of developers and investors, as well as the policy assessments of public utility commissions and others in the renewable energy industry.

Hubbell, R.; Lowder, T.; Mendelsohn, M.; Cory, K.

2012-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

224

Computing trends using graphic processor in high energy physics  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

One of the main challenges in Heavy Energy Physics is to make fast analysis of high amount of experimental and simulated data. At LHC-CERN one p-p event is approximate 1 Mb in size. The time taken to analyze the data and obtain fast results depends on high computational power. The main advantage of using GPU(Graphic Processor Unit) programming over traditional CPU one is that graphical cards bring a lot of computing power at a very low price. Today a huge number of application(scientific, financial etc) began to be ported or developed for GPU, including Monte Carlo tools or data analysis tools for High Energy Physics. In this paper, we'll present current status and trends in HEP using GPU.

Niculescu, Mihai

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

225

Computing trends using graphic processor in high energy physics  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

One of the main challenges in Heavy Energy Physics is to make fast analysis of high amount of experimental and simulated data. At LHC-CERN one p-p event is approximate 1 Mb in size. The time taken to analyze the data and obtain fast results depends on high computational power. The main advantage of using GPU(Graphic Processor Unit) programming over traditional CPU one is that graphical cards bring a lot of computing power at a very low price. Today a huge number of application(scientific, financial etc) began to be ported or developed for GPU, including Monte Carlo tools or data analysis tools for High Energy Physics. In this paper, we'll present current status and trends in HEP using GPU.

Mihai Niculescu; Sorin-Ion Zgura

2011-06-30T23:59:59.000Z

226

Renewable Energy Finance Tracking Initiative (REFTI) Solar Trend Analysis  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

This report is a summary of the finance trends for small-scale solar photovoltaic (PV) projects (PV <1 MW), large-scale PV projects (PV greater than or equal to 1 MW), and concentrated solar power projects as reported in the National Renewable Energy Laboratory's Renewable Energy Finance Tracking Initiative (REFTI). The report presents REFTI data during the five quarterly periods from the fourth quarter of 2009 to the first half of 2011. The REFTI project relies exclusively on the voluntary participation of industry stakeholders for its data; therefore, it does not offer a comprehensive view of the technologies it tracks. Despite this limitation, REFTI is the only publicly available resource for renewable energy project financial terms. REFTI analysis offers usable inputs into the project economic evaluations of developers and investors, as well as the policy assessments of public utility commissions and others in the renewable energy industry.

Hubbell, R.; Lowder, T.; Mendelsohn, M.; Cory, K.

2012-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

227

NERSC HPSS Storage Trends and Summaries  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Summaries Summaries Storage Trends and Summaries Total Bytes Utilized The growth in NERSC's storage systems amounts to roughly 1.7x per year. Total Bytes Utilized Number of Files Stored The growth in the number of files stored is less than the growth in the number of bytes stored as the average file size has increased over time. The average file size as of August 2003 is about 30 MB. The median file size is closer to 1 MB. Number of Files Monthly I/O The growth rate of I/O is roughly the same as the growth rate of the number of bytes stored. As a rough rule of thumb, the amount of I/O per month is about 10% to 14% of the amount of data residing in the storage systems. Additional graphs show the last 30 days of activity for the amount of I/O and the number of files transferred.

228

Biofuels Issues and Trends - Energy Information Administration  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Full report Biofuels Issues and Trends Release date: October 15, 2012 (updated October 18, 2012 for cellulosic production and October 23, 2012 for RSF2 volume clarification) Highlights Biofuels is a collective term for liquid fuels derived from renewable sources, including ethanol, biodiesel, and other renewable liquid fuels. This report focuses on ethanol and biodiesel, the most widely available biofuels. From 2009 to the middle of 2012, the U.S. biofuels industry increased its output and prepared to meet an expanded Renewable Fuel Standard (RFS2),1 which requires increasing volumes of biofuels use. In 2011, the biofuels industry transitioned away from tax incentives for non-cellulosic biofuels, which expired at the end of 2011. Annual ethanol and biodiesel consumption, production, imports, and exports during 2009-11

229

Tertiary Storage: Current Status and Future Trends  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This report summarizes current state of the art in tertiary storage systems. We begin with a comprehensive discussion of magnetic tape and optical storage technologies. This is followed by a classification of commercial products based on their performance characteristics. Our analysis of product data indicates that in contrast to disk technology, tertiary storage products have significant variablility in terms of data transfer rates as well as other performance figures. We then summarize efforts in the areas of operating systems, databases and advanced applications to integrate tertiary storage. We point out that different assumptions about the underlying technology result in entirely different algorithms and system design. We conclude the report with a speculation of future trends. 1 Introduction With the recent improvements in network and processor speeds, several data intensive applications have become much more feasible than ever before. Examples of such applications include digit...

S. Prabhakar; D. Agrawal; A. El Abbadi; A. Singh; A. El; Abbadi A. Singh

1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

230

U.S. Solar Market Trends 2008  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Solar markets are booming in the United States due to rising energy prices, strong consumer demand, and financial incentives from the federal government, states and utilities. Over 62,000 new solar thermal and solar electric installations were completed in 2008, an increase of 16 % compared with 2007. The majority of market share for each solar technology is concentrated in a few states. Photovoltaic trends: The capacity of photovoltaic (PV) installations completed in 2008 grew by 63 % compared with installations in 2007, and the average size of PV systems is increasing. Installation growth by capacity was largest in the nonresidential sector, but the residential sector continues to dominate the number of installations. Many states reported a doubling of PV capacity installed in

Larry Sherwood

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

231

Vehicle trends and future gasoline needs  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The passenger car continues to change at a rapid pace, responding both to customers' preferences and to regulations. Vehicle trends place demands on the powertrain for high specific output, efficiency and reliability. Engine design and calibration must be optimized to utilize available fuel octane fully since low speed knock remains a significant constraint. Emerging capabilities for engine control provide flexible, adaptive approaches for fuel/engine matching. Recent, substantial increases in fuel volatility raise concerns for both driveability and emissions. Expanded use of fuel injection will be helpful for future vehicles, but new problems have appeared, and tighter definition of gasoline properties will be needed. The high sensitivity of fuel systems and emission controls to fuel quality is demonstrated by injector deposits and plugged catalysts. Dependable gasoline quality is essential. High standards of quality and reliability are necessary for fuel and lubricant products. The precision offered by current emission control systems can only be achieved with fuels that are properly prepared and marketed.

Baker, R.E.; Chui, G.K.

1986-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

232

Energy Project Incentive Funds: Updates and Trends  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Project Incentive Funds Project Incentive Funds Updates and Trends Elizabeth Stuart Lawrence Berkeley National Lab FUPWG Spring Meeting - April 20, 2011 EE Funding Overview * Ratepayer-funded EE budget $5.3B in 2010 - Plus over $1B for DR/LM and $1.5B for renewables * Expected to reach $6B for EE in 2011 - Nearly double the 2008 figure ($3.1B) * Strong expansion expected to 2020 - Total expected to reach $7.5-12.4B (EE only) * It's not just the usual suspects anymore - Recent entrants: NM, MI, NC, AR, VA, OH, PA, IN... EE Funding - Current Picture * ~ 45 states have ratepayer-funded EE * 2010 budget (EE only) $5.3B (source: CEE) - $4.4B in 2009, $3.1B in 2008 and $0.8B in 1998 - ~ 80% on electric side ($4.3B); ~20% for gas EE

233

Retrospective analysis of energy use and conservation trends: 1972-1982  

SciTech Connect

The primary objective of the research reported here is to analyze energy use trends for the entire economy and by end-use sector (residential, commercial, and industrial, and transportation). In particular, an examination of energy trends was undertaken for the period 1972 through 1982 to determine the magnitude of ''energy savings'' attributable to: (1) changes in economic activity; (2) efficiency improvements relative to the 1972 stock (including structures and capital equipment); and (3) efficiency improvements relative to 1960 to 1972 trends. In addition to identifying the measures of energy savings described above, the causes of efficiency improvement relative to 1972 are explored. For example, energy savings due to efficiency improvements in the residential sector are explained by such activities as changes in household size, migration, improved shell and appliance efficiencies, and increased wood use. For this research, Pacific Northwest Laboratory (PNL) developed a consistent methodology for analyzing energy use trends by end-use sector. Alternative measures of energy use trends (i.e., alternative base cases) were developed for the purpose of measuring energy savings. The energy use trends were calculated as the product of economic activity levels (number of households in the residential sector, square feet of floor space in the commercial sector, output in the industrial sector, and person-miles/ton-miles traveled in the transportation sector) and energy use intensities (energy use per household, energy use per square foot of commercial floor space, energy use per unit of industrial output, and energy use per mile traveled). Energy savings were then defined as differences between alternative estimates of energy use. Data and methods used to derive the alternative estimates are contained in a separate volume of this report (PNL-5026-App.).

Adams, R.C.; Belzer, D.B.; Fang, J.M.; Imhoff, K.L.; Lax, D.H.; Moe, R.J.; Roop, J.M.; Wusterbarth, A.R.

1985-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

234

Trends in U.S. Residential Natural Gas Consumption  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Trends in U.S. Residential Natural Gas Consumption Trends in U.S. Residential Natural Gas Consumption This report presents an analysis of residential natural gas consumption trends in the United States through 2009 and analyzes consumption trends for the United States as a whole (1990 through 2009) and for each Census Division (1998 through 2009). It examines a long-term downward per- customer consumption trend and analyzes whether this trend persists across Census Divisions. The report also examines some of the factors that have contributed to the decline in per-customer consumption. To provide a more meaningful measure of per-customer consumption, EIA adjusted consumption data presented in the report for weather. Questions or comments on the contents of this article should be directed to Lejla Alic at Lejla.Alic@eia.doe.gov or (202) 586-0858.

235

IEA Renewables in Southeast Asian Countries: Trends and Potentials | Open  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Southeast Asian Countries: Trends and Potentials Southeast Asian Countries: Trends and Potentials Jump to: navigation, search Name IEA Renewables in Southeast Asian Countries: Trends and Potentials Agency/Company /Organization International Energy Agency Sector Energy Focus Area Renewable Energy, Biomass, Transportation Topics Market analysis, Policies/deployment programs Resource Type Publications Website http://www.iea.org/papers/2010 Country Indonesia, Thailand, Philippines, Vietnam, Singapore, Malaysia, Brunei, Cambodia, Laos, Myanmar UN Region South-Eastern Asia References IEA Renewables in Southeast Asian Countries: Trends and Potentials[1] "A main focus of the report investigates the potentials and barriers for scaling up market penetration of renewable energy technologies (RETs) in

236

Trends in Materials and Manufacturing Technologies for Energy ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

May 1, 2007 ... 8th Global Innovations Symposium: Trends in Materials and Manufacturing Technologies for Energy Production by Joy A. Hines, David F. Barh,...

237

Consumer Attitudes About Renewable Energy: Trends and Regional...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Mexico * Oregon * Utah * Washington * Wyoming 4 2 Consumer Perceptions of Renewable Energy 2.1 Consumer Awareness of Renewable-energy-related Terminology, Trended Figure 1. In...

238

MPMD 7th Global Innovations Proceedings: Trends in Materials ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

MPMD 7th Global Innovations Proceedings: Trends in Materials R&D for. Sensor Manufacturing Technologies. Edited by. Iver E. Anderson. Neville R. Moody.

239

Trends in Building-Related Energy and Carbon Emissions  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

An analysis of trends in energy consumption and energy-related carbon emissions in U.S. buildings, 1970-1998.

240

Overview of Trends in Nuclear Power Plant Sensors and Instrumentation  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Trends in Nuclear Power Plant Sensors and Instrumentation SASAN BAKTIARI Nuclear Engineering Division Argonne National Laboratory Ph: (630) 252-8982 bakhtiati@anl.gov Abstract -...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "development trends depicted" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
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241

Energy Use in China: Sectoral Trends and Future Outlook  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

space heating, space conditioning, water heating, lighting,trends in residential space conditioning are affected bytrends in building space conditioning are affected by

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

242

Discussions@TMS - What are the recycling trends between urban ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Oct 4, 2007 ... Topic Title: What are the recycling trends between urban and rural areas and are there any specific infrastructure needs? Topic Summary:...

243

Sustainable Transport in Canadian Cities: Cycling Trends and Policies  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

compares travel behavior, transport policies, and trends ininclude non-motorized transport, land use, and regionalAgence Metropolitaine de Transport, Montreal, Quebec.

Pucher, John; Buehler, Ralph

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

244

Photovoltaic System Pricing Trends: Historical, Recent, and Near...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Residential & Commercial PV (Median Values) Global Module Price Index Preliminary Price Trends for Systems Installed in 2013: A Focus on California 9 * Data from the California...

245

ODE trends in computer algebra: Four ODE challenges. - CECM  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

ODE trends in computer algebra: Four ODE challenges. Edgardo S. Cheb-Terrab MITACS - CECM, Theoretical Physics Department, UERJ. ODE solving...

246

Growth Trends in the South African Manufactured Export Industry.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Through empirical research the researcher gained an in-depth knowledge regarding the growth trends in the South African manufactured export industry as well as the factors (more)

Moloto, Phineas Rameshovo

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

247

Current Trends in Image Quality Perception - CECM - Simon Fraser ...  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Current Trends in Image Quality Perception. Mason Macklem. Simon Fraser University. http://www.cecm.sfu.ca/~msmackle. General Outline. Examine model of...

248

Trends in Industrial Energy Efficiency: The Role of Standards...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Trends in Industrial Energy Efficiency: The Role of Standards, Certification, and Energy Management in Climate Change Mitigation Speaker(s): Aimee McKane Date: March 18, 2008 -...

249

Intersecting Fault Trends and Crustal-Scale Fluid Pathways Below...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Intersecting Fault Trends and Crustal-Scale Fluid Pathways Below the Dixie Valley Geothermal Area, Nevada, Inferred from 3d Magnetotelluric Surveying Jump to: navigation, search...

250

CANCELED: Trends in Industrial Energy Efficiency - the Role of...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

CANCELED: Trends in Industrial Energy Efficiency - the Role of Standards, Certification, and Energy Management in Climate Change Mitigation Speaker(s): Aimee McKane Date: January...

251

Keeping Pace with LED Lighting Trends | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

and DOE's national laboratories. Topics include: Cost-effectiveness analyses and price projections Advances in LED chips, product designs, and optics LED adoption trends...

252

Trends and causes of historical wetland loss in coastal ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Get this from a library! Trends and causes of historical wetland loss in coastal Louisiana. [Julie Christine Bernier; Geological Survey (U.S.),

253

Regional And Local Trends In Helium Isotopes, Basin And Range...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Superimposed on this general regional trend are isolated features with elevated helium isotope ratios (0.8-2.1 Ra) compared to the local background. Spring geochemistry and...

254

Energy Efficiency Policy in the United States: Overview of Trends...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

32 December 2009 Energy Efficiency Policy in the United States: Overview of Trends at Different Levels of Government Elizabeth Doris, Jaquelin Cochran, and Martin Vorum National...

255

Energy Use in China: Sectoral Trends and Future Outlook  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Sectoral Trends and Future Outlook Nan Zhou, Michael A.2001, International Energy Outlook 2001 , Report No. DOE/The International Energy Outlook 2006 (IEO2006) , Washington

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

256

2011 Brief: Energy commodity price trends varied widely during ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

This article is the first in a series of briefs on energy market trends in 2011. Crude oil and petroleum products led energy commodity price increases during 2011, ...

257

Sector trends and driving forces of global energy use and greenhouse gas emissions: focus in industry and buildings  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Disaggregation of sectoral energy use and greenhouse gas emissions trends reveals striking differences between sectors and regions of the world. Understanding key driving forces in the energy end-use sectors provides insights for development of projections of future greenhouse gas emissions. This report examines global and regional historical trends in energy use and carbon emissions in the industrial, buildings, transport, and agriculture sectors, with a more detailed focus on industry and buildings. Activity and economic drivers as well as trends in energy and carbon intensity are evaluated. The authors show that macro-economic indicators, such as GDP, are insufficient for comprehending trends and driving forces at the sectoral level. These indicators need to be supplemented with sector-specific information for a more complete understanding of future energy use and greenhouse gas emissions.

Price, Lynn; Worrell, Ernst; Khrushch, Marta

1999-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

258

Trends and outlook for biomass energy  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Among renewable energy resources, biomass is one of the most promising, with the potential for providing electricity through combustion, gasification, and biochemical processes as well as supplying gaseous and liquid fuels that can compete with conventional energy sources in large-scale applications. The production of biomass for energy purposes can also offer environmental benefits. The most notable is the potential for providing energy with little or no net buildup of carbon dioxide in the atmosphere if the biomass is produced renewably. Biomass also has the potential to help revitalize the rural sector of the economy. A domestic natural resource, biomass can be grown and harvested, which requires labor. The biomass power industry can therefore create jobs in harvesting and transporting biomass and in the related industries of fertilizers, pesticides, and agricultural equipment. In the future, biomass facilities will be larger and more efficient and, as such, an important alternative for energy generators. This article summarizes the factors relating to the use of biomass as a fuel source, the technology options for power generation, and examines the trends and outlook for biomass energy generation in the United States.

Green, J.H. (Bechtel Group, Inc., San Francisco, CA (United States). Research and Development)

1994-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

259

Retrospective Evaluation of Appliance Price Trends  

SciTech Connect

Real prices of major appliances (refrigerators, dishwashers, heating and cooling equipment) have been falling since the late 1970s despite increases in appliance efficiency and other quality variables. This paper demonstrates that historic increases in efficiency over time, including those resulting from minimum efficiency standards, incur smaller price increases than were expected by Department of Energy (DOE) forecasts made in conjunction with standards. This effect can be explained by technological innovation, which lowers the cost of efficiency, and by market changes contributing to lower markups and economies of scale in production of higher efficiency units. We reach four principal conclusions about appliance trends and retail price setting: 1. For the past several decades, the retail price of appliances has been steadily falling while efficiency has been increasing. 2. Past retail price predictions made by DOE analyses of efficiency standards, assuming constant prices over time, have tended to overestimate retail prices. 3. The average incremental price to increase appliance efficiency has declined over time. DOE technical support documents have typically overestimated this incremental price and retail prices. 4. Changes in retail markups and economies of scale in production of more efficient appliances may have contributed to declines in prices of efficient appliances.

Dale, Larry; Antinori, Camille; McNeil, Michael; McMahon, James E.; Fujita, K. Sydny

2008-07-20T23:59:59.000Z

260

What were the key energy commodity price trends in 2011?  

Reports and Publications (EIA)

Energy commodity price trends varied widely during 2011. Crude oil and petroleum products prices increased during 2011, while natural gas, coal, and electricity prices declined. This article provides an overview of key energy commodity price trends in 2011 based on prices seen in futures markets.

2012-02-14T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "development trends depicted" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


261

Understanding Trends in Wind Turbine Prices Over the Past Decade  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

kW) Orders from 100-300 MW Orders >300 MW Vestas orders (worldwide) Polynomial trend line Recent wind turbinekW) Orders from 100-300 MW Orders >300 MW Vestas orders (worldwide) Polynomial trend line Recent wind turbine

Bolinger, Mark

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

262

Research Article Power to Detect Trends in Marbled Murrelet Breeding  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

to detect trends from using radar were offset by the cost of purchasing radar equipment, we advocate the use it may provide an estimate of the number of breeding individuals in certain situations, it can be used is challenging because sampling and environmental process variation often mask trends in abundance (Gibbs et al

Mladenoff, David

263

NETL - World CO2 Emissions - Projected Trends Tool | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

NETL - World CO2 Emissions - Projected Trends Tool NETL - World CO2 Emissions - Projected Trends Tool Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: NETL - World CO2 Emissions - Projected Trends Tool Agency/Company /Organization: National Energy Technology Laboratory Sector: Energy Topics: GHG inventory Resource Type: Software/modeling tools Website: www.netl.doe.gov/energy-analyses/refshelf/results.asp?ptype=Models/Too References: NETL - World CO2 Emissions - Projected Trends Tool [1] NETL - World CO2 Emissions - Projected Trends Tool This interactive tool enables the user to look at both total and power sector CO2 emissions from the use of coal, oil, or natural gas, over the period 1990 to 2030. One can use the tool to compare five of the larger CO2 emitters to each other or to overall world emissions. The data are from the

264

1999 Commercial Buildings Characteristics--Trends in Commercial Buildings  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Trends in Commercial Buildings and Floorspace Trends in Commercial Buildings and Floorspace Trends in Commercial Buildings and Floorspace The addition of commercial buildings and floorspace from 1995 to 1999 continued the general trends noted since 1979 (Figures 1 and 2). The size of the commercial buildings has grown steadily over the twenty years of CBECS. Each year more buildings are added to the sector (new construction or conversion of pre-existing buildings to commercial activity) than are removed (demolition or conversion to non-commercial activity). The definition for the commercial buildings population was changed for the 1995 CBECS which resulted in a slightly smaller buildings population and accounts for the data break in both Figures 1 and 2 (see report "Trends in the Commercial Buildings Sector" for complete details). Figure 1. Total Commercial Buildings, 1979 to 1999

265

Recent Trends in Natural Gas Spot Prices  

Reports and Publications (EIA)

This article focuses primarily on conditions and developments in the East Consuming Region and their connection to prices at the Henry Hub in the Producing Region.

Information Center

1997-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

266

Energy use of appliance - A trend analysis.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??To provide insights and reach for energy efficiency improvements, the development of energy use of appliances on disaggreate level has been studied in three case (more)

Kwok, W.F.

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

267

Phyto remediation groundwater trends at the DOE portsmouth gaseous  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper describes the progress of a phyto-remediation action being performed at the Department of Energy (DOE) Portsmouth Gaseous Diffusion Plant (PORTS) X-740 Waste Oil Handling Facility to remediate contaminated groundwater under a Resource Conservation and Recovery Act (RCRA) closure action. This action was effected by an Ohio Environmental Protection Agency (OEPA) decision to use phyto-remediation as the preferred remedy for the X-740 groundwater contamination. This remedy was recognized as a cost-effective, low-maintenance, and promising method to remediate groundwater contaminated with volatile organic compounds (VOCs), primarily trichloroethylene (TCE). During 1999, prior to the tree installation at the X-740 Phyto-remediation Area, water level measurements in the area were collected from 10 monitoring wells completed in the Gallia Formation. The Gallia is the uppermost water-bearing zone and contains most of the groundwater contamination at PORTS. During the tree installation which took place during the summer of 1999, four new Gallia monitoring wells were installed at the X-740 Area in addition to the 10 Gallia wells which had been installed in the same area during the early 1990's. Manual water level measurements were collected quarterly from these 14 Gallia monitoring wells between 1998 and 2001. These manual water level measurements were collected to monitor the combined impact of the trees on the groundwater prior to root development. Beginning in 2001, water level measurements were collected monthly during the growing season (April-September) and quarterly during the dormant season (October-March). A total of eight water level measurements were collected annually to monitor the phyto-remediation system's effect on the groundwater in the X- 740 Area. The primary function of the X-740 Phyto-remediation Area is to hydraulically prevent further spreading of the TCE plume. This process utilizes deep-rooted plants, such as poplar trees, to extract large quantities of water from the saturated zone. The focus of any phyto-remediation system is to develop a cone of depression under the entire plantation area. This cone of depression can halt migration of the contaminant plume and can create a hydraulic barrier, thereby maintaining plume capture. While a cone of depression is not yet evident at the X-740 Phyto-remediation Area, water level measurements in 2004 and 2005 differed from measurements taken in previous years, indicating that the now mature trees are influencing groundwater flow direction and gradient at the site. Water level measurements taken from 2003 through 2005 indicate a trend whereby groundwater elevations steadily decreased in the X-740 Phyto-remediation System. During this time, an average groundwater table drop of 0.30 feet was observed. Although the time for the phyto-remediation system to mature had been estimated at two to three years, these monitoring data indicate a period of four to five years for the trees to reach maturity. Although, these trends are not apparent from analysis of the potentiometric surface contours, it does appear that the head gradient across the site is higher during the spring and lower during the fall. It is not clear, however, whether this trend was initiated by the installation of the phyto-remediation system. This paper will present the groundwater data collected to date to illustrate the effects of the trees on the groundwater table. (authors)

Lewis, A.C.; Baird, D.R. [CDM, Piketon, OH (United States)

2007-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

268

Renewable energy 1998: Issues and trends  

SciTech Connect

This report presents the following five papers: Renewable electricity purchases: History and recent developments; Transmission pricing issues for electricity generation from renewable resources; Analysis of geothermal heat pump manufacturers survey data; A view of the forest products industry from a wood energy perspective; and Wind energy developments: Incentives in selected countries. A glossary is included. 19 figs., 27 tabs.

NONE

1999-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

269

U.S. Railroad Safety Statistics and Trends  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Railroad Safety Statistics and Trends Railroad Safety Statistics and Trends Robert E. Fronczak, P.E. Assistant VP- Environment & Hazmat Association of American Railroads Transportation External Coordination Working Group Meeting September 21, 2005 Railroad Safety: Topics Safety Statistics & Trends Train Safety (Train Accidents) Employee Safety Hazardous Materials Safety U.S. Railroad Safety Statistics: Main Themes Railroads have dramatically improved safety over the last two and a half decades. Railroads compare favorably with other industries & transportation modes. The most troubling railroad safety problems arise from factors largely outside railroad control. Railroads have implemented numerous and effective technological improvements and company-wide safety programs.

270

Introduction - Strong interaction in the nuclear medium: new trends  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Recent achievements in nuclear forces theory open new perspectives for the next decade of low energy nuclear physics, bringing together people from very different communities. Although many developments remain to be done, the possibility to directly use QCD to describe nuclear system is a major challenge that is within reach. In this introduction to the 2009 International Joliot-Curie School (EJC2009), new trends in the strong nuclear interaction are summarized starting from quarks and ending with finite or infinite nuclear systems. At different energy scales, selected new concepts and ideas have been discussed in a rather simple way. Recent advances in the theory of nuclear forces, thanks to chiral perturbation and effective field theories, have led to a new generation of strong nuclear interaction particularly suited to low energy nuclear physics. The interesting aspects of new interactions compared to conventional forces are underlined. Recent achievements in ab initio theories that directly start from the bare nucleon-nucleon interaction and their key role to understand the three-body force are illustrated. Finally, future perspectives for standard nuclear physics theories, namely Shell Model and Energy Density Functional, are discussed.

Denis Lacroix

2010-01-27T23:59:59.000Z

271

Economic analysis of efficient distribution transformer trends  

SciTech Connect

This report outlines an approach that will account for uncertainty in the development of evaluation factors used to identify transformer designs with the lowest total owning cost (TOC). The TOC methodology is described and the most highly variable parameters are discussed. The model is developed to account for uncertainties as well as statistical distributions for the important parameters. Sample calculations are presented. The TOC methodology is applied to data provided by two utilities in order to test its validity.

Downing, D.J.; McConnell, B.W.; Barnes, P.R.; Hadley, S.W.; Van Dyke, J.W.

1998-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

272

September 4 Webinar to Explore Renewable Energy Market Trends | Department  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

4 Webinar to Explore Renewable Energy Market Trends 4 Webinar to Explore Renewable Energy Market Trends September 4 Webinar to Explore Renewable Energy Market Trends August 21, 2013 - 12:18pm Addthis The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office of Indian Energy, the DOE Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy's Tribal Energy Program, and the Western Area Power Administration (WAPA) will present the next Tribal Renewable Energy Series webinar, "Renewable Energy Market Expectations and Trends," on Wednesday, September 4, 2013, from 1:00 p.m. to 2:30 p.m. Eastern Time. "There are many factors that will drive the growth of the renewable energy market and influence the pace of that growth," said Randy Manion, Renewable Energy Program Manager at WAPA. "Among them are growing awareness of the many benefits associated with a low-carbon economy,

273

Worldwide Trends in Energy Use and Efficiency: Key Insights from  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Worldwide Trends in Energy Use and Efficiency: Key Insights from Worldwide Trends in Energy Use and Efficiency: Key Insights from International Energy Agency (IEA) Indicator Analysis in Support of the Group of Eight (G8) Plan of Action Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: Worldwide Trends in Energy Use and Efficiency: Key Insights from International Energy Agency (IEA) Indicator Analysis in Support of the Group of Eight (G8) Plan of Action Focus Area: Power Plant Efficiency Topics: Potentials & Scenarios Website: www.iea.org/papers/2008/indicators_2008.pdf Equivalent URI: cleanenergysolutions.org/content/worldwide-trends-energy-use-and-effic Language: English Policies: "Regulations,Deployment Programs" is not in the list of possible values (Deployment Programs, Financial Incentives, Regulations) for this property.

274

Worldwide Trends in Energy Use and Efficiency: Key Insights from...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Worldwide Trends in Energy Use and Efficiency: Key Insights from International Energy Agency (IEA) Indicator Analysis in Support of the Group of Eight (G8) Plan of Action Jump to:...

275

Unrepeatered submarine systems market trends, applications and technologies  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The current situation in the submarine fibre optics market is described. The submarine business is suffering from the same malaise as the rest of the telecommunications industry. Some reasons and present trends are outlined in this paper. Unrepeatered submarine ...

J. Merkel

2002-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

276

Decadal Trends in Evaporation from Global Energy and Water Balances  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Satellite and gridded meteorological data can be used to estimate evaporation (E) from land surfaces using simple diagnostic models. Two satellite datasets indicate a positive trend (first time derivative) in global available energy from 1983 to ...

Yongqiang Zhang; Ray Leuning; Francis H. S. Chiew; Enli Wang; Lu Zhang; Changming Liu; Fubao Sun; Murray C. Peel; Yanjun Shen; Martin Jung

2012-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

277

Search the Blog: Top 10 Green Building Trends for 2010  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Search the Blog: Search Jan 12 Top 10 Green Building Trends for 2010 by JTilley in Energy GREEN BUSINESS HOME PLANS VIDEOS SEARCH Blogs | Message Boards | Newsletter ProTV | Sweepstakes | Best

278

Electricity Use in California: Past Trends and Present Usage...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Electricity Use in California: Past Trends and Present Usage Patterns Speaker(s): Rich Brown Date: May 16, 2002 - 12:00pm Location: Bldg. 90 Was explosive growth in electricity...

279

Monitoring and Understanding Trends in Extreme Storms: State of Knowledge  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The state of knowledge regarding trends and an understanding of their causes is presented for a specific subset of extreme weather and climate types. For severe convective storms (tornadoes, hailstorms, and severe thunderstorms), differences in time and ...

Kenneth E. Kunkel; Thomas R. Karl; Harold Brooks; James Kossin; Jay H. Lawrimore; Derek Arndt; Lance Bosart; David Changnon; Susan L. Cutter; Nolan Doesken; Kerry Emanuel; Pavel Ya. Groisman; Richard W. Katz; Thomas Knutson; James O'Brien; Christopher J. Paciorek; Thomas C. Peterson; Kelly Redmond; David Robinson; Jeff Trapp; Russell Vose; Scott Weaver; Michael Wehner; Klaus Wolter; Donald Wuebbles

2013-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

280

Wind Power Price Trends in the United States  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

price of power from new U.S. wind projects higher in 2009.should eventually help wind power regain the downward pricein Modern Energy Review] Wind Power Price Trends in the

Bolinger, Mark

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "development trends depicted" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


281

A GCM Simulation of Global Climate Trends: 19501988  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

An atmospheric general circulation model has been forced with observed mean monthly sea surface temperatures for the period 19501988 and the trends in annual mean fields from an ensemble of three such experiments analyzed. During this period, ...

I. N. Smith

1994-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

282

Observed Trends and Changes in Temperature Extremes over Argentina  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this note, changes in temperature extremes over a 40-yr period are analyzed, based on daily minimum and maximum temperatures over Argentina. Trend analysis was performed on seasonal means, standard deviations, and extremes (5th and 95th ...

Matilde Rusticucci; Mariana Barrucand

2004-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

283

An Analysis of Tropospheric Humidity Trends from Radiosondes  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A new analysis of historical radiosonde humidity observations is described. An assessment of both known and unknown instrument and observing practice changes has been conducted to assess their impact on bias and uncertainty in long-term trends. ...

Mark P. McCarthy; P. W. Thorne; H. A. Titchner

2009-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

284

Diurnally Asymmetric Trends of Temperature, Humidity, and Precipitation in Taiwan  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this work, 45 years (19612005) of hourly meteorological data in Taiwan, including temperature, humidity, and precipitation, have been analyzed with emphasis on their diurnal asymmetries. A long-term decreasing trend for relative humidity (RH) ...

Chein-Jung Shiu; Shaw Chen Liu; Jen-Ping Chen

2009-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

285

Data.gov Monthly Download Trends | Data.gov  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Monthly Download Trends Year Last 12 Months 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 Apply These numbers represent the number of times a user has clicked on the "XML" or "CSV" (for example) links...

286

Elevation-Dependent Trends in Precipitation Observed during NAME  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Radar data from the 2004 North American Monsoon Experiment (NAME) enhanced observing period were used to investigate diurnal trends and vertical structure of precipitating features relative to local terrain. Two-dimensional composites of ...

Angela K. Rowe; Steven A. Rutledge; Timothy J. Lang; Paul E. Ciesielski; Stephen M. Saleeby

2008-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

287

The Role of Air Pollution in Decreasing Trends of Orographic...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

The Role of Air Pollution in Decreasing Trends of Orographic Precipitation and Respective Water Resources Speaker(s): Daniel Rosenfeld Date: September 16, 2005 - 12:00pm Location:...

288

Temperature Trends in the NARCCAP Regional Climate Models  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The skill of six regional climate models (RCMs) in reproducing short-term (24-yr), observed, near-surface temperature trends when driven by reanalysis is examined. The RCMs are part of the North American Regional Climate Change Assessment Program (...

Melissa S. Bukovsky

2012-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

289

Observed Trends in Summertime Precipitation over the Southwestern United States  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this paper, the authors evaluate the significance of multidecadal trends in seasonal-mean summertime precipitation and precipitation characteristics over the southwestern United States using stochastic, chain-dependent daily rainfall models. ...

Bruce T. Anderson; Jingyun Wang; Guido Salvucci; Suchi Gopal; Shafiqul Islam

2010-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

290

The California Solar Initiative: Cost Trends in Customer-Sited...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

The California Solar Initiative: Cost Trends in Customer-Sited PV Installations and the Impact of Retail Rate Design on the Economics of PV Systems Speaker(s): Ryan Wiser Date:...

291

A Hybrid Model for Hydroturbine Generating Unit Trend Analysis  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

According to the nonlinear and nonstationary characteristics of hydroelectricity systems, an hybrid prediction model based on wavelet transform and support vector machines is proposed in this paper for the trend analysis of hydroturbine generating unit ...

Min Zou; Jianzhong Zhou; Zhong Liu; Liangliang Zhan

2007-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

292

Positron Computed Tomography: Current State, Clinical Results and Future Trends  

DOE R&D Accomplishments (OSTI)

An overview is presented of positron computed tomography: its advantages over single photon emission tomography, its use in metabolic studies of the heart and chemical investigation of the brain, and future trends. (ACR)

Schelbert, H. R.; Phelps, M. E.; Kuhl, D. E.

1980-09-00T23:59:59.000Z

293

Global R&D Trends -- Implications for Material Sciences  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Mar 5, 2013 ... The Evolving R&D Model: International Trends and U.S. ... As a result, it is no surprise to see technology incubators everywhere in the world,...

294

Annual Energy Outlook with Projections to 2025 - Market Trends...  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Coal Production Annual Energy Outlook 2005 Market Trends - Coal Production Emissions Caps Lead to More Use of Low-Sulfur Coal From Western Mines U.S. coal production has remained...

295

Southern Ocean Sector Centennial Climate Variability and Recent Decadal Trends  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Evidence is presented for the notion that some contribution to the recent decadal trends observed in the Southern Hemisphere, including the lack of a strong Southern Ocean surface warming, may have originated from longer-term internal centennial ...

Mojib Latif; Torge Martin; Wonsun Park

2013-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

296

Solar Renewable Energy Certificate (SREC) Markets: Status and Trends  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

This paper examines experience in solar renewable energy certificate (SREC) markets in the United States. It describes how SREC markets function--key policy design provisions, eligible technologies, state and regional eligibility rules, solar alternative compliance payments, measurement and verification methods, long-term contracting provisions, and rate caps. It also examines the trends of SREC markets--trading volumes, sourcing trends, trends in the size of solar photovoltaic (PV) systems driven by these markets, and trends in price and compliance. Throughout, the paper explores key issues and challenges facing SREC markets and attempts by policymakers to address some of these market barriers. Data and information presented in this report are derived from SREC tracking systems, brokers and auctions, published reports, and information gleaned from market participants and interviews with state regulators responsible for SREC market implementation. The last section summarizes key findings.

Bird, L.; Heeter, J.; Kreycik, C.

2011-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

297

Trends in Global Marine Cloudiness and Anthropogenic Sulfur  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A statistical analysis using published data on the global distribution of total cloud cover and cloud type amounts over the ocean, reduced from the Comprehensive OceanAtmosphere Data Set (COADS), shows a significant positive trend (4.2% ...

Farn Parungo; Joe F. Boatman; Stan W. Wilkison; Herman Sievering; Bruce B. Hicks

1994-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

298

Robust and Trend-following Student's t-Kalman Smoothers *  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Dec 10, 2011 ... The second, which we call the T-Trend smoother, is a MAP solver for a model with ... measurement noise using log-concave densities, taking.

299

Wind Power Price Trends in the United States  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

should eventually help wind power regain the downward priceModern Energy Review] Wind Power Price Trends in the Unitedled the world in adding new wind power capacity in 2008, and

Bolinger, Mark

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

300

Publication Trends in American Meteorological Society Technical Journals  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Some statistical measures of growth of American Meteorological Society technical journals have been compiled. A general upward trend in total number of articles, pages, and an increase (nearly doubling during the past 20 years) in the average ...

Richard H. Johnson; Wayne H. Schubert

1989-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "development trends depicted" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


301

Observed Long-Term Trends for Agroclimatic Conditions in Canada  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A set of agroclimatic indices representing Canadian climatic conditions for field crop production are analyzed for long-term trends during 18952007. The indices are categorized for three crop types: cool season, warm season, and overwintering. ...

Budong Qian; Xuebin Zhang; Kai Chen; Yang Feng; Ted OBrien

2010-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

302

Operations Expenditures: Historical Trends and Continuing Challenges (Presentation)  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this presentation for the American Wind Energy Association 2013 conference, NREL's Eric Lantz examines historical trends and continuing challenges of wind power operating expenses. Lowering such expenses could increase profitability and contribute to lowering the cost of energy.

Lantz, E.

2013-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

303

Trends in Commercial Buildings--Trends in Energy Consumption and Energy  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Energy Consumption and Energy Sources - Part 1 Energy Consumption and Energy Sources - Part 1 Part 2. Energy Intensity Data Tables Total Energy Consumption Consumption by Energy Source Background: Site and Primary Energy Trends in Energy Consumption and Energy Sources Part 1. Energy Consumption The CBECS collects energy consumption statistics from energy suppliers for four major energy sources—electricity, natural gas, fuel oil, and district heat—and collects information from the sampled buildings on the use of the four major sources and other energy sources (e.g., district chilled water, solar, wood). Energy consumed in commercial buildings is a significant fraction of that consumed in all end-use sectors. In 2000, about 17 percent of total energy was consumed in the commercial sector. Total Energy Consumption

304

PREFERRED WATERFLOOD MANAGEMENT PRACTICES FOR THE SPRABERRY TREND AREA  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The objective of this report is to significantly increase field-wide production in the Spraberry Trend in a short time frame through the application of preferred practices for managing and optimizing water injection. Our goal is to dispel negative attitudes and lack of confidence in water injection and to document the methodology and results for public dissemination to motivate waterflood expansion in the Spraberry Trend.

David S. Schechter

2003-03-31T23:59:59.000Z

305

Air quality trends in Region VIII (1979 data). Final report  

SciTech Connect

Air quality trends and status for the calendar year 1979 were determined for the six states in Region VIII. These states include Colorado, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Utah and Wyoming. Data resident in the SAROAD national data bank was analyzed. Statistical test which detect significant differences between two populations were utilized to identify trends. The status and severity of air pollutants was reported as a direct measure of air quality in each nonattainment area.

Tabor, W.H.; Entzminger, T.A.; Bell, S.C.

1980-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

306

Trends in Energy Management Technology: BCS Integration Technologies - Open Communications Networking  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

223. Trends in Energy Management Technology CBE/UC BerkeleyTrends in Energy Management Technology CBE/UC Berkeley FEMP/p. 6. Trends in Energy Management Technology CBE/UC Berkeley

Webster, Tom

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

307

Wine-grape production trends reflect evolving consumer demand over 30 years  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

t Wine-grape production trends reflect evolving consumerregions. We examine the major trends in the California wine-Wine Institute 2007). This trend was kick-started in large

Volpe, Richard J. III; Green, Richard; Heien, Dale; Howitt, Richard

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

308

Shape trends and triaxiality in neutron-rich odd-mass Y and Nb isotopes  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Shape trends and triaxiality in neutron-rich odd-mass Y andseries, following a similar trend in the neighboring even-Fig. 6 follow similar trends over a wide frequency region,

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

309

New Berkeley Lab Report Tracks a Decade of PV Installed Cost Trends  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of PV Installed Cost Trends Galen Barbose, Carla Peterman,fill this need by summarizing trends in the installed cost (the broader geographical trends in the U.S. PV market, the

Barbose, Galen

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

310

Smoking Presentation Trends in U.S. Movies 1991-2008  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Smoking Presentation Trends in U.S. Movies 1991-2008 Korithis exposure. To examine trends i n the number of tobaccoparticular attention to smoking trends i n youth-rated films

Titus, Kori; Glantz, Stanton PhD; Polansky, Jonathan R.

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

311

Recent breast cancer incidence trends according to hormone therapy use: the California Teachers Study cohort  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

breast cancer incidence trends according to hormone therapyA, Ward E, Thun MJ: Recent trends in breast cancer incidencein France: a paradoxical trend. Bull Cancer 10. Katalinic A,

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

312

Californias North Coast Fishing Communities Historical Perspective and Recent Trends  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Cope, and L. A. Kerr. 2002. Trends in Fisheries and Fisheryeffort, and management trends. Marine Fisheries ReviewCope, and L. A. Kerr. 2002. Trends in Fisheries and Fishery

Pomeroy, Caroline; Thomson, Cynthia J.; Stevens, Melissa M.

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

313

Trends in the Sediment Yield of the Sacramento River, California, 1957 - 2001  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

416426. Donoghue JF. 1990. Trends in Chesapeake Bay sedi-of the Environment SCIENCE Trends in the Sediment Yield ofbe contributing to the trend in sediment yield, including

Wright, Scott A; Schoellhamer, David H

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

314

Flow of mantle fluids through the ductile lower crust: Helium isotope trends  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

super-imposed on regional trends can identify potentialCrust: Helium Isotope Trends I B. Mack Kennedyl andlMatthijsin the west, a regional trend that correlates with the rates

Kennedy, B. Mack; van Soest, Matthijs C.

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

315

Long-Term Trends in Summertime Habitat Suitability for Delta Smelt (Hypomesus transpacificus)  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

SA, Schoellhamer DH. 2004. Trends in the sediment yield ofKevin Fleming. 2008. Long-term Trends in Summertime HabitatTR. 2007. Multi- decadal trends for three declining fish

Nobriga, Matthew L.; Sommer, Ted R.; Feyrer, Frederick; Fleming, Kevin

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

316

Trends in types of dermatology books available over the last ten years  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Trends in types of dermatology books available over the lastWe hypothesized that this trend would be evident in theperformed to determine if this trend has been reflected in

Aquino, Lisa L; Wu, Jashin J

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

317

Trends in Out-of-Home and At-Home Activities  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

22, 2006. 16. Latest Trends: Usage Over Time. Pew Internet &Year FourTen Years, Ten Trends. USC Annenberg School Centerideal for examining these trends but are expensive, and so

Wilson, Ryan; Krizek, Kevin J.; Handy, Susan L

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

318

Understanding Wind Turbine Price Trends in the U.S. Over the Past Decade  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Wiser. 2011. Understanding Trends in Wind Turbine PricesWiser. 2009. Wind Power Price Trends in the United States:Fowler, Andrew. 2008. Trends in Wind Power Prices, B.O.P. ,

Bolinger, Mark

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

319

Residential and Transport Energy Use in India: Past Trend and Future Outlook  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Sectoral Trends and Future Outlook. January 2007. LBNL-India: Past Trend and Future Outlook Stephane de la Rue duSectoral Trends and Future Outlook (Zhou et al. , 2007)

de la Rue du Can, Stephane

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

320

Market trends in the U.S. ESCO industry: Results from the NAESCO database project  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Energy Services Company Industry: Analysis of Industry and Market Trends,industry and market trends in the energy-efficiency servicesenergy services, and investors of ESCO market and industry trends,

Goldman, Charles A.; Osborn, Julie G.; Hopper, Nicole C.; Singer, Terry E.

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "development trends depicted" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


321

Actual trends of decentralized CHP integration -- The Californian investment subsidy system and its implication for the energy efficiency directive (Aktuelle Trends in der dezentralen KWK Technologie Integration -- Das kalifornische Fordermodell und dessen Implikation fur die Endenergieeffizienzrichtlinie)  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

sein (Stadler, 2003). Aktuelle Trends in der dezentralen KWKsich auf 3375/kW. Aktuelle Trends in der dezentralen KWKdes gesamten Aktuelle Trends in der dezentralen KWK

Stadler, Michael; Lipman, Tim; Marnay, Chris

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

322

Trends in Commercial Buildings--Buildings and Floorspace  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Home > Trends in Commercial Buildings > Home > Trends in Commercial Buildings > Trends in Buildings Floorspace Data tables Commercial Buildings Trend—Detail Commercial Floorspace Trend—Detail Background: Adjustment to data Trends in Buildings and Floorspace Each year buildings are added to and removed from the commercial buildings sector. Buildings are added by new construction or conversion of existing buildings from noncommercial to commercial activity. Buildings are removed by demolition or conversion from commercial to noncommercial activity. Number of Commercial Buildings In 1979, the Nonresidential Buildings Energy Consumption Survey estimated that there were 3.8 million commercial buildings in the United States; by 1992, the number increased 27 percent to 4.8 million (an average annual increase of 1.8%) (Figure 1). In 1995, the estimated number declined to 4.6 million buildings, but it is unlikely that there was an actual decline in the number of buildings. To understand the apparent decline, two factors should be considered—the change in the way that the target population of commercial buildings was defined in 1995 and the uncertainty of estimates from sample surveys:

323

Temporal trend analysis of RCRA groundwater monitoring data  

SciTech Connect

Statistical analysis of RCRA groundwater monitoring data at a uranium hexafluoride processing facility showed a statistically significant increase in the concentration of gross beta activity in monitor wells downgradient of surface impounds storing calcium fluoride sludge and high pH water. Because evidence of leakage had not been detected in lysimeters installed beneath the impounds, the operator sought an evaluation of other potential causes of the result, including natural variability. This study determined that all five data sets showed either long-term excursionary (spike-like), or seasonal forms of temporal variation. Gross beta had an upward long-term trend with multiple excursions that almost appeared to be seasonal. Gross alpha had an upward long-term trend with multiple excursions that were clearly not seasonal. Specific conductance had both upward and downward long-term trends but no other variations. pH had a downward long-term trend with multiple excursions that were clearly not seasonal. Fluoride had a downward long-term trend without excursions but with clear seasonal variations. The gross beta result that appeared to be a significant change was a spike event on the upward long-term trend.

Need, E.A. (Rust Environment and Infrastructure, Naperville, IL (United States))

1994-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

324

Trends in the automation of coke production  

SciTech Connect

Up-to-date mathematical methods, such as correlation analysis and expert systems, are employed in creating a model of the coking process. Automatic coking-control systems developed by Giprokoks rule out human error. At an existing coke battery, after introducing automatic control, the heating-gas consumption is reduced by {>=}5%.

R.I. Rudyka; Y.E. Zingerman; K.G. Lavrov [Giprokoks, the State Institute for the Design of Coke-Industry Enterprises, Kharkov (Ukraine)

2009-07-15T23:59:59.000Z

325

Trends in Energy Management Technology - Part 3: State of Practice of Energy Management, Control, and Information Systems  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

November 2000. Trends in Energy Management TechnologyTrends in Energy Management Technology FEMP/NTDP TechnicalT. L. , "Trends in Energy Management Technology - Enabling

Yee, Gaymond; Webster, Tom

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

326

Trends in Energy Management Technologies - Part 5: Effectiveness of Energy Management Systems: What the Experts Say and Case Studies Reveal  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Technologies Division, LBNL. Trends in Energy ManagementLBNL. Webster, T, 2002. Trends Affecting Building ControlPrincipal, Facility Dynamics. Trends in Energy Management

Webster, Tom

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

327

Varying trends in surface energy fluxes and associated climate between 1960-2002 based on transient climate simulations  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Ohmura (1998), Means and trends of shortwave irradiance atal. (1993), Asymmetric trends of daily maximum and minimumanalysis of pan evaporation trends in China, 1955-2000, J.

Nazarenko, Larissa; Menon, Surabi

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

328

Application and Development of Appropriate Tools and Technologies...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Restoration Carbon Analysis (FRCA) method, has been further refined and developed in Peru. Both spatially explicit baseline models, along with the historical trend baseline...

329

International Assistance for Low-Emission Development Planning...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Twitter icon International Assistance for Low-Emission Development Planning: CLEAN Inventory of Activities and Tools-Preliminary Trends Jump to: navigation, search International...

330

Residential and Transport Energy Use in India: Past Trend and Future Outlook  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Price, 2008 Sectoral Trends in Global Energy Use and Greenhouse GasTrends in Global Energy Use and Greenhouse Gas Emissions (Price

de la Rue du Can, Stephane

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

331

Formulating Detergents and Personal Care ProductsChapter 20 Latest Trends  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Formulating Detergents and Personal Care Products Chapter 20 Latest Trends Surfactants and Detergents eChapters Surfactants - Detergents AOCS Press Downloadable pdf of Chapter 20 Latest Trends from ...

332

Stochastic modeling and global warming trend extraction for ocean acoustic travel times. Interim technical report  

SciTech Connect

A possible indication of the existence of global climate warming is a negative trend for the travel time of an acoustic pulse along a fixed long path, or paths, in the ocean over a period of many years. The goal of this report is the development of methods specifically for determining the presence of a long term trend for climate change from a temporal sequence of measurements of acoustic propagation times. Robust statistical methods for determining whether a significant trend is present in a given set of time series data have been developed and, for illustration, applied to some specific traveltime time series generated by the MASIG and GFDL ocean models. In this report we consider line + noise and ARIMA statistical models. We show that if the time series are long enough, somewhat over 20 years, then series such as those simulated by the MASIG and GFDL models can be classified reliably as line + noise when this is the case. However, it is shown that the results are considerably different for the two ocean models under consideration and that these models can not currently be relied upon by themselves to predict global warming. Experimental data is most certainly needed, not only to measure global warming itself, but to help improve the ocean model themselves.

Bottone, S.; Gray, H.L.; Woodward, W.A.

1995-01-06T23:59:59.000Z

333

Flow of mantle fluids through the ductile lower crust: Heliumisotope trends  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Heat and mass are injected into the shallow crust when mantle fluids are able to flow through the ductile lower crust. Minimum 3He/4He ratios in surface fluids from the northern Basin and Range province, western North America increase systematically from low, crustal values in the east to high, mantle values in the west, a regional trend that correlates with the rates of active crustal deformation. The highest ratios occur where the extension and shear strain rates are greatest. The correspondence of helium isotope ratios and active trans-tensional deformation indicates a deformation enhanced permeability and that mantle fluids can penetrate the ductile lithosphere in regions even where there is no significant magmatism. Superimposed on the regional trend are local, high-{sup 3}He/{sup 4}He anomalies signifying hidden magmatic activity and/or deep fluid production with locally enhanced permeability, identifying zones with high resource potential, particularly for geothermal energy development.

Kennedy, B. Mack; van Soest, Matthijs C.

2007-10-07T23:59:59.000Z

334

Trends in electric utility load duration curves  

SciTech Connect

This report documents the development and analysis of annual and quarterly load duration curves for each of the 10 Federal regions. The report describes analyses performed to test for changes in load duration curve shapes over time. These analyses are intended to aid the electric utility analyses and modeling activities of the Energy Information Administration (EIA) by expanding the understanding of current and expected load duration curve shapes. 7 figs., 13 tabs.

1984-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

335

RECENT TRENDS IN EMERGING TRANSPORTATION FUELS AND ENERGY CONSUMPTION  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Abundance of energy can be improved both by developing new sources of fuel and by improving efficiency of energy utilization, although we really need to pursue both paths to improve energy accessibility in the future. Currently, 2.7 billion people or 38% of the world s population do not have access to modern cooking fuel and depend on wood or dung and 1.4 billion people or 20% do not have access to electricity. It is estimated that correcting these deficiencies will require an investment of $36 billion dollars annually through 2030. In growing economies, energy use and economic growth are strongly linked, but energy use generally grows at a lower rate due to increased access to modern fuels and adaptation of modern, more efficient technology. Reducing environmental impacts of increased energy consumption such as global warming or regional emissions will require improved technology, renewable fuels, and CO2 reuse or sequestration. The increase in energy utilization will probably result in increased transportation fuel diversity as fuels are shaped by availability of local resources, world trade, and governmental, environmental, and economic policies. The purpose of this paper is to outline some of the recently emerging trends, but not to suggest winners. This paper will focus on liquid transportation fuels, which provide the highest energy density and best match with existing vehicles and infrastructure. Data is taken from a variety of US, European, and other sources without an attempt to normalize or combine the various data sources. Liquid transportation fuels can be derived from conventional hydrocarbon resources (crude oil), unconventional hydrocarbon resources (oil sands or oil shale), and biological feedstocks through a variety of biochemical or thermo chemical processes, or by converting natural gas or coal to liquids.

Bunting, Bruce G [ORNL

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

336

Structural styles of the Wilcox and Frio growth-fault trends in Texas: Constraints on geopressured reservoirs  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The wide variability in structural styles within the growth-faulted, geopressured trends of the Texas Gulf Coast is illustrated by detailed structural maps of selected areas of the Wilcox and Frio growth-fault trends and quantified by statistical analysis of fault compartment geometries. Structural variability is a key determinant of the size of geopressured aquifers in the deep subsurface. Two major structural styles exist in the Wilcox trend. (1) In southeast and Central Texas, the trend consists of continuous, closely spaced faults that have little associated rollover despite moderate expansion of section; the fault plane flattens little with depth. (2) By contrast, in South Texas a narrow band of growth faults having high expansion and moderate rollover lies above and downdip of a ridge of deformed, overpressured shale but updip of a deep basin formed by withdrawal of overpressured shale. Frio fault systems generally display greater rollover and wider spacing than do Wilcox fault systems; however, the Frio trend displays distinctive features in each study area. Most of the Frio growth faults, however, have a similar geometry, showing substantial rollover, expansion of section, and a moderate flattening of the fault zone with depth, possibly related to a deep decollement surface. The local variability in style is related to the magnitude of Frio sedimentation and progradation and to the presence of thick salt or shale. Finding and developing a large geopressured aquifer require recognition of a favorable combination of sand-body geometry, reservoir quality, and fault compartment size and shape.

Ewing, T.E.

1986-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

337

Production Trends of Shale Gas Wells  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

To obtain better well performance and improved production from shale gas reservoirs, it is important to understand the behavior of shale gas wells and to identify different flow regions in them over a period of time. It is also important to understand best fracture and stimulation practice to increase productivity of wells. These objectives require that accurate production analysis be performed. For accurate production analysis, it is important to analyze the production behavior of wells, and field production data should be interpreted in such a way that it will identify well parameters. This can be done by performing a detailed analysis on a number of wells over whole reservoirs. This study is an approach that will lead to identifying different flow regions in shale gas wells that include linear and bilinear flow. Important field parameters can be calculated from those observations to help improve future performance. The detailed plots of several wells in this study show some good numbers for linear and bilinear flow, and some unique observations were made. The purpose of this work is to also manage the large amount of data in such a way that they can be used with ease for future studies. A program was developed to automate the analysis and generation of different plots. The program can also be used to perform the simple calculations to calculate different parameters. The goal was to develop a friendly user interface that would facilitate reservoir analysis. Examples were shown for each flow period, i.e. linear and bilinear flow. Different plots were generated (e.g; Bob Plot (square root of time plot) and Fourth Root of Time Plot, that will help in measuring slopes and thus reservoir parameters such as fracture permeability and drainage area. Different unique cases were also observed that show a different behavior of well in one type of plot from another.

Khan, Waqar A.

2008-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

338

Trend Singular Value Decomposition Analysis and Its Application to the Global Ocean Surface Latent Heat Flux and SST Anomalies  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Given the complexity of trends in the actual climate system, distinguishing between different trends and different trend modes is important for climate research. This study introduces a new method called trend singular value decomposition (TSVD) ...

Gen Li; Baohua Ren; Jianqiu Zheng; Chengyun Yang

2011-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

339

Issues and Trends: Natural Gas - Energy Information Administration  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Issues and Trends: Natural Gas Issues and Trends: Natural Gas Updated: November 25, 2013 For prior report data see Natural Gas Year-in-Review archives EIA's Natural Gas Issues and Trends highlights timely information and analyses on natural gas markets. Natural gas prices reflect decreasing seasonality. Today in Energy, November 20, 2013 Increased Northeast natural gas production reduces net inflow of supply from other areas. Today in Energy, November 19, 2013 Gas pipeline expansions reduce Marcellus backup, New York gas prices. Natural Gas Weekly Update, November 13, 2013 EIA projects lower natural gas use this winter. Natural Gas Weekly Update, October 31, 2013 Northeast net imports from Canada plummet, driven by export growth at Niagara Falls. Natural Gas Weekly Update, October 10, 2013

340

Spatial And Temporal Geochemical Trends In The Hydrothermal System Of  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Spatial And Temporal Geochemical Trends In The Hydrothermal System Of Spatial And Temporal Geochemical Trends In The Hydrothermal System Of Yellowstone National Park- Inferences From River Solute Fluxes Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Journal Article: Spatial And Temporal Geochemical Trends In The Hydrothermal System Of Yellowstone National Park- Inferences From River Solute Fluxes Details Activities (2) Areas (1) Regions (0) Abstract: We present and analyze a chemical dataset that includes the concentrations and fluxes of HCO3-, SO42-, Cl-, and F- in the major rivers draining Yellowstone National Park (YNP) for the 2002-2004 water years (1 October 2001 - 30 September 2004). The total (molar) flux in all rivers decreases in the following order, HCO3- > Cl- > SO42- > F-, but each river is characterized by a distinct chemical composition, implying large-scale

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "development trends depicted" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


341

DataTrends Energy Use in Office Buildings  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Office Buildings Office Buildings The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency's (EPA) ENERGY STAR Portfolio Manager is changing the way organizations track and manage energy. Because of this widespread market adoption, EPA has prepared the DataTrends series to examine benchmarking and trends in energy and water consumption in Portfolio Manager. To learn more, visit www.energystar.gov/DataTrends. Energy use intensity (EUI) ranges from less than 100 to more than 1,000 kBtu/ft 2 across all office buildings, with those at the 95th percentile using almost 7 times the energy of those at the 5th percentile. The distribution has a negative skew, which means the most energy intensive buildings are much further

342

EIA - Annual Energy Outlook 2008 - Trends in Economic Activity  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Trends in Economic Activity Trends in Economic Activity Annual Energy Outlook 2008 with Projections to 2030 Trends in Economic Activity Figure 32. Average annual growth rates fo real GDP, labor force, and productivity, 2006-2030 (percent per year). Need help, contact the National Energy Information Center at 202-586-8800. figure data Figure 33. Average annual inflation, interest, and unemployment rates, 2006-2030 (percent per year). Need help, contact the National Energy Information Center at 202-586-8800. figure data AEO2008 Presents Three Views of Economic Growth AEO2008 presents three views of economic growth for the 2006-2030 projection period. Economic growth depends mainly on growth in the labor force and productivity. In the reference case, the labor force grows by an average of 0.7 percent per year; labor productivity in the nonfarm business

343

DataTrends Energy Use in K-12 Schools  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

K-12 Schools K-12 Schools The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency's (EPA) ENERGY STAR Portfolio Manager is changing the way organizations track and manage energy. Because of this widespread market adoption, EPA has prepared the DataTrends series to examine benchmarking and trends in energy and water consumption in Portfolio Manager. To learn more, visit www.energystar.gov/DataTrends. Energy use intensity (EUI) ranges from less than 50 to more than 500 kBtu/ft 2 across all K-12 School buildings, with those at the 95th percentile using almost 4 times the energy of those at the 5th percentile. The distribution has a negative skew, which means the most energy intensive buildings are much further

344

ENERGY STAR Portfolio Manager Data Trends: Energy Use In Hotels  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Hotels Hotels The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency's (EPA) ENERGY STAR Portfolio Manager is changing the way organizations track and manage energy. Because of this widespread market adoption, EPA has prepared the DataTrends series to examine benchmarking and trends in energy and water consumption in Portfolio Manager. To learn more, visit www.energystar.gov/DataTrends. Energy use intensity (EUI) ranges from less than 100 to more than 800 kBtu/ft 2 across all hotel buildings, with those at the 95th percentile using almost 4 times the energy of those at the 5th percentile. The distribution has a negative skew, which means the most energy intensive buildings are much further away from

345

Portfolio Manager DataTrends | ENERGY STAR Buildings & Plants  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Portfolio Manager DataTrends Portfolio Manager DataTrends Secondary menu About us Press room Contact Us Portfolio Manager Login Facility owners and managers Existing buildings Commercial new construction Industrial energy management Small business Service providers Service and product providers Verify applications for ENERGY STAR certification Design commercial buildings Energy efficiency program administrators Commercial and industrial program sponsors Associations State and local governments Federal agencies Tools and resources Training In this section How can we help you? Find out who's partnered with ENERGY STAR Become an ENERGY STAR partner Find ENERGY STAR certified buildings and plants ENERGY STAR certification Featured research and reports Portfolio Manager DataTrends ENERGY STAR Snapshot Energy strategy for the future

346

DataTrends Energy Use in Retail Stores  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Retail Stores Retail Stores The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency's (EPA) ENERGY STAR Portfolio Manager is changing the way organizations track and manage energy. Because of this widespread market adoption, EPA has prepared the DataTrends series to examine benchmarking and trends in energy and water consumption in Portfolio Manager. To learn more, visit www.energystar.gov/DataTrends. Energy use intensity (EUI) ranges from less than 100 to more than 800 kBtu/ft 2 across all retail buildings, with those at the 95th percentile using more than 3 times the energy of those at the 5th percentile. The distribution has a negative skew, which means the most energy intensive buildings are much further away from

347

Keeping Pace with LED Lighting Trends | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Keeping Pace with LED Lighting Trends Keeping Pace with LED Lighting Trends Keeping Pace with LED Lighting Trends October 23, 2013 - 10:41am Addthis This year's SSL Market Introduction Workshop will take place in Portland, Oregon. | Photo courtesy of Travel Portland This year's SSL Market Introduction Workshop will take place in Portland, Oregon. | Photo courtesy of Travel Portland Jim Brodrick Lighting Program Manager Rapid advances in solid-state lighting (SSL) technology are reducing the cost, improving the performance and quality, and bringing new lighting options--light emitting diodes (LEDs) to the market. But for lighting and energy efficiency industry professionals this seemingly good news can be "too much of a good thing." Imagine the challenge of making smart institutional purchasing decisions or designing

348

EIA - Annual Energy Outlook 2009 - Trends in Economic Activity  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Trends in Economic Activity Trends in Economic Activity Annual Energy Outlook 2009 with Projections to 2030 Trends in Economic Activity AEO2009 Presents Three Views of Economic Growth Figure 27. Average annual growth rates of real GDP, labor force, and productivity in three cases, 2007-2030 (percent per year). Need help, contact the National Energy Information Center at 202-586-8800. figure data Figure 28. Average annual inflation, interest, and unemployment rates in three cases, 2007-2030 (percent per year). Need help, contact the National Energy Information Center at 202-586-8800. figure data Figure 29. Sectoral composition of industrial output growth rates in three cases, 2007-2030 (percent per year). Need help, contact the National Energy Information Center at 202-586-8800.

349

Annual Energy Outlook with Projections to 2025-Market Trends - Market  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Market Drivers Market Drivers Annual Energy Outlook 2004 with Projections to 2025 Market Trends - Market Drivers Index (click to jump links) Trends in Economic Activity International Oil Markets Figure 38. Average annual growth rates of real GDP and economic factors, 1995-2025 (percent). Having problems, call our National Energy Information Center at 202-586-8800 for help. Figure data Trends in Economic Activity Strong Economic Growth Is Expected To Continue The output of the Nation's economy, measured by gross domestic product (GDP), is projected to grow by 3.0 percent per year between 2002 and 2025 (with GDP based on 1996 chain-weighted dollars) (Figure 38). The projected growth rate is slightly lower than the 3.1-percent rate projected in AEO2003. The labor force is projected to increase by 0.9 percent per year

350

Renewable Energy Market Expectations and Trends Webinar | Department of  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Market Expectations and Trends Webinar Market Expectations and Trends Webinar Renewable Energy Market Expectations and Trends Webinar September 4, 2013 11:00AM MDT Webinar The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office of Indian Energy Policy and Programs, Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy Tribal Energy Program, and Western Area Power Administration (WAPA) are pleased to continue their sponsorship of the Tribal Renewable Energy Webinar Series. The webinar will be held from 11 a.m. to 12:30 p.m. Mountain time. The growth and pace of the renewable energy market will be driven by many factors, including awareness and concern over remaining non-renewable resources, the need for imported energy and the security issues surrounding that need, and government support and financial incentives. Participants

351

PREFERRED WATERFLOOD MANAGEMENT PRACTICES FOR THE SPRABERRY TREND AREA  

SciTech Connect

The naturally fractured Spraberry Trend Area is one of the largest reservoirs in the domestic U.S. and is the largest reservoir in area extent in the world. Production from Spraberry sands is found over a 2,500 sq. mile area and Spraberry reservoirs can be found in an eight county area in west Texas. Over 150 operators produce 65,000 barrels of oil per day (bopd) from the Spraberry Trend Area from more than 9,000 production wells. Recovery is poor, on the order of 7-10% due to the profoundly complicated nature of the reservoir, yet billions of barrels of hydrocarbons remain. We estimate over 15% of remaining reserves in domestic Class III reservoirs are in Spraberry Trend Area reservoirs. This tremendous domestic asset is a prime example of an endangered hydrocarbon resource in need of immediate technological advancements before thousands of wells are permanently abandoned. This report describes the final work of the project, ''Preferred Waterflood Management Practices for the Spraberry Trend Area.'' The objective of this project is to significantly increase field-wide production in the Spraberry Trend in a short time frame through the application of preferred practices for managing and optimizing water injection. Our goal is to dispel negative attitudes and lack of confidence in water injection and to document the methodology and results for public dissemination to motivate waterflood expansion in the Spraberry Trend. This objective has been accomplished through research in three areas: (1) detail historical review and extensive reservoir characterization, (2) production data management, and (3) field demonstration. This provides results of the final year of the three-year project for each of the three areas.

David S. Schechter

2004-08-31T23:59:59.000Z

352

Environmental trends to the year 2000  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

This analysis focuses on the environmental impacts of the National Energy Policy Plan and emphasizes those pollutants for which energy development and use play a significant role. Energy is by no means responsible for all the increases projected for the various emissions. The increase in relative contributions of the energy sector to emissions during the study period is within a range of zero to 15% for all selected pollutants with the exception of ash, captured particulates, and oil-shale waste. For that group, the energy sector contribution increases from 58% to 89%, primarily because of the production of oil from shale. If the oil-shale wastes were not included in these totals, energy-process wastes would be 62% of the national total of 250 million tons. Even though these figures represent total net emissions to the environment, rather than ambient concentrations, the assessment offers a sound basis for an important overall conclusion. The significant economic growth projected by the National Energy Policy Plan, and continuing free-market efforts to ensure the wise and efficient application of energy resources by the nation, can be achieved without foresaking reasonable environmental quality.

Not Available

1981-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

353

U.S. Solar Market Trends  

SciTech Connect

Grid-connected photovoltaic installations grew by 40% in 2009 compared with installations in 2008. California and New Jersey have the largest markets. Growth occurred in the residential and utility markets, but non-residential customer-sited installations did not change compared with the installations in 2008. Two small solar thermal electric plants were connected to the grid in 2009 with a combined capacity of 7 MW. The future prospects for solar thermal electric plants look bright, although developers are not expected to complete any new large plants until at least 2011. Solar water heating and solar space heating annual installations grew by 40% in 2008 compared with 2007. Hawaii, California, Puerto Rico, and Florida dominate this market. Solar pool heating annual installation capacity fell by 1% in 2008 following a dramatic decline of 15% in solar pool heating capacity in 2007 compared with 2006. Florida and California are the largest markets for solar pool heating. The economic decline in the real estate markets in Florida and California likely led to the decrease in pool installations and thus the dramatic decline in capacity installed of solar pool systems in 2007.

Larry Sherwood

2010-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

354

Labor Market Trends for Nuclear Engineers Through 2005, 1999 Update Report  

SciTech Connect

This report summarizes the labor market trends for nuclear engineers predicted through the year 2005.

Larry Blair

1999-10-28T23:59:59.000Z

355

1984 market trends for the air pollution control industry  

SciTech Connect

January 1984 forecasts by The McIlvaine Company project variable but promising worldwide industry trends for the coming year. The influence on the market of air pollution legislation (in particular, acid rain legislation), gauged by utility planning trends, is discussed in the context of a shifting world market. Specialties within the segmented air pollution control market are categorized by the ''market leader'' concept, with which the author identifies a number of top companies as ''world market leaders.''

McIlvaine, R.W.

1984-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

356

Abundance trends in the thin and thick disks  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The Milky Way harbours two disks that appear distinct concerning scale-heights, kinematics, and elemental abundance patterns. Recent years have seen a surge of studies of the elemental abundance trends in the disks using high resolution spectroscopy. Here I will review and discuss the currently available data. Special focus will also be put on how we define stars to be members of either disk, and how current models of galaxy formation favour that thick disks are formed from several accreted bodies. The ability for the stellar abundance trends to test such predictions are discussed.

Sofia Feltzing

2004-11-07T23:59:59.000Z

357

Non-Compliance Tracking and Trending at LLNL  

SciTech Connect

The Criticality Safety Section at LLNL has a formal set of procedures to guide the administrative and technical work of the section. Two of these procedures, ''Response to a Criticality Safety Infraction'' and ''CSG Criticality Safety Non-Compliance and Audit Tracking System,'' provide combined guidance for response, tracking, and trending for procedural non-compliances. Combined with a database, this system provides a framework to systematically respond to, document, track and trend criticality safety non-compliances, as well as audit findings.

Huang, S T; Pearson, J S

2001-08-22T23:59:59.000Z

358

Consumer Attitudes About Renewable Energy: Trends and Regional Differences  

SciTech Connect

The data in this report are taken from Natural Marketing Institute's (NMI's) Lifestyles of Health and Sustainability Consumer Trends Database. Created in 2002, the syndicated consumer database contains responses from 2,000 to 4,000 nationally representative U.S. adults (meaning the demographics of the sample are consistent with U.S. Census findings) each year. NMI used the database to analyze consumer attitudes and behavior related to renewable energy and to update previously conducted related research. Specifically, this report will explore consumer awareness, concerns, perceived benefits, knowledge of purchase options, and usage of renewable energy as well as provide regional comparisons and trends over time.

Natural Marketing Institute, Harleysville, Pennsylvania

2011-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

359

Understanding the China energy market: trends and opportunities 2006  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The report is broken up into 4 Sections: Section I - Overview of China Energy Market (historical background, market value, consumption, production, reserves, export and import, market segmentation, market forecast); Section II - Market Analysis (PEST analysis, Porter's five forces analysis, socio-economic trends, consumption trends); Section III - Market Segments (electricity, oil, natural gas, liquefied natural gas, liquid petroleum gas, nuclear power, coal, renewables, photovoltaics, wind power, hydroelectric power. Each market segment details current and planned projects, and lists participants in that sector); and Section IV - Breaking Into the Market (regulatory framework, methods of market entry, foreign investment, challenges, government agencies).

Barbara Drazga

2005-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

360

UNEP-Global Trends in Renewable Energy Investment 2011 | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

UNEP-Global Trends in Renewable Energy Investment 2011 UNEP-Global Trends in Renewable Energy Investment 2011 Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: UNEP-Global Trends in Renewable Energy Investment 2011 Agency/Company /Organization: United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP), Bloomberg New Energy Finance Sector: Energy Focus Area: Renewable Energy Topics: Finance, Market analysis Resource Type: Publications Website: fs-unep-centre.org/publications/global-trends-renewable-energy-investm UNEP-Global Trends in Renewable Energy Investment 2011 Screenshot References: UNEP-Global Trends in Renewable Energy Investment 2011[1] The Global Trends Report 2011 offers an elaborate analysis of Trends and Issues in the financing of renewable energy. "The Global Trends Report 2011 offers an elaborate analysis of Trends and

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "development trends depicted" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


361

EIA - AEO2010 - Energy intensity trends in AEO2010  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

intensity trends in AEO2010 intensity trends in AEO2010 Annual Energy Outlook 2010 with Projections to 2035 Figure 17. Trends in U.S. oil prices, energy consumption, and economic output, 1950-2035 Click to enlarge » Figure source and data excel logo Energy intensity trends in AEO2010 Energy intensity—energy consumption per dollar of real GDP—indicates how much energy a country uses to produce its goods and services. From the early 1950s to the early 1970s, U.S. total primary energy consumption and real GDP increased at nearly the same annual rate (Figure 17). During that period, real oil prices remained virtually flat. In contrast, from the mid-1970s to 2008, the relationship between energy consumption and real GDP growth changed, with primary energy consumption growing at less than one-third the previous average rate and real GDP growth continuing to grow at its historical rate. The decoupling of real GDP growth from energy consumption growth led to a decline in energy intensity that averaged 2.8 percent per year from 1973 to 2008. In the AEO2010 Reference case, energy intensity continues to decline, at an average annual rate of 1.9 percent from 2008 to 2035.

362

Trending Twitter topics in English: An international comparison  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The worldwide span of the microblogging service Twitter provides an opportunity to make international comparisons of trending topics of interest, such as news stories. Previous international comparisons of news interests have tended to use surveys ... Keywords: Twitter, cross cultural aspects, international aspects, news media, topics

David Wilkinson; Mike Thelwall

2012-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

363

DOE Energy Technology Prices and Trends | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

DOE Energy Technology Prices and Trends DOE Energy Technology Prices and Trends Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: DOE Energy Technology Prices and Trends Agency/Company /Organization: United States Department of Energy Sector: Energy Focus Area: Renewable Energy, Non-renewable Energy Phase: Determine Baseline Topics: Market analysis, Technology characterizations Resource Type: Software/modeling tools User Interface: Website Website: energy.gov/prices-trends Country: United States Cost: Free Northern America Coordinates: 37.09024°, -95.712891° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":37.09024,"lon":-95.712891,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

364

Trends and Market Effects of Wood Energy Policies  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Trends and Market Effects of Wood Energy Policies Bengt Hillring SLU SWEDEN http is the main international energy source · Climate change ­ Energy production ­ CO2 · European Union different the plans to increase #12;#12;Energy Sector Waste Sector Recovered Wood Sawdust Logging Residues Forest

365

Trendy Bugs Topic Trends in the Android Bug Reports  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Trendy Bugs Topic Trends in the Android Bug Reports Lee Martie, Vijay Krishna Palepu, Hitesh {lmartie, vpalepu, hsajnani, lopes}@ics.uci.edu Abstract--Studying vast volumes of bug and issue public issue tracker. This informs us of the features or parts of the project that are more problematic

Jones, James A.

366

Decadal-Scale Temperature Trends in the Southern Hemisphere Ocean  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Long-term trends in the heat content of the Southern Hemisphere ocean are evaluated by comparing temperature profiles collected during the 1990s with profiles collected starting in the 1930s. Data are drawn both from ship-based hydrographic ...

Sarah T. Gille

2008-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

367

Testing for a Trend in a Partially Incomplete Hurricane Record  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The record of annual counts of basinwide North Atlantic hurricanes is incomplete prior to 1946. This has restricted efforts to identify a long-term trend in hurricane activity to the postwar period. In contrast, the complete record of U.S. ...

Andrew R. Solow; Laura Moore

2000-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

368

Global Increasing Trends in Annual Maximum Daily Precipitation  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This study investigates the presence of trends in annual maximum daily precipitation time series obtained from a global dataset of 8326 high-quality land-based observing stations with more than 30 years of record over the period from 1900 to 2009. ...

Seth Westra; Lisa V. Alexander; Francis W. Zwiers

2013-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

369

Global remote sensing research trends during 19912010: a bibliometric analysis  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Global remote sensing research trends during 1991­2010: a bibliometric analysis Yanhua Zhuang to remote sensing of SCI and SSCI databases during 1991­2010, this study evaluated the geographical, institutional, national, and spatiotemporal patterns in remote sensing research. Remote sensing research went up

Gruner, Daniel S.

370

Online Harassment in Context: Trends From Three Youth Internet  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Objective: The current study examines an increase in youth online harassment over the last decade in order to better explore the implications of the trend for prevention initiatives. Method: The Youth Internet Safety Surveys (YISSs) involved 3 crosssectional, nationally representative telephone surveys of 4,561 youth Internet users,

Lisa M. Jones; Kimberly J. Mitchell; David Finkelhor; Lisa M. Jones; Kimberly J. Mitchell; David Finkelhor

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

371

Long-Term Wind Speed Trends over Australia  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Accurate estimates of long-term linear trends of wind speed provide a useful indicator for circulation changes in the atmosphere and are invaluable for the planning and financing of sectors such as wind energy. Here a large number of wind ...

Alberto Troccoli; Karl Muller; Peter Coppin; Robert Davy; Chris Russell; Annette L. Hirsch

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

372

An Update of U.S. Temperature Trends  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This note updates the temperature trend study of the contiguous 48 United States by Lund et al. for data observed during the 4-yr period 19972000. A parsimonious changepoint parameterization is now used, and the methods for handling missing data ...

Qi Qi Lu; Robert Lund; Lynne Seymour

2005-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

373

Eyeballing Trends in Climate Time Series: A Cautionary Note  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In examining a plot of a time series of a scalar climate variable for indications of climate change, an investigator might pick out what appears to be a linear trend commencing near the end of the record. Visual determination of the starting time ...

Donald B. Percival; D. Andrew Rothrock

2005-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

374

The Transportation Revenue Estimator and Needs Determination System (TRENDS) Model  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

.......................................................... 15 3.3 Indexing the Motor Fuels Tax, inflation rates, taxes, fees and other elements. The output is a set of tables and graphs showing a forecast................................................................................................. 12 TRENDS Model Revenue Enhancements Tab 3.1 State Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Variables

375

PREFERRED WATERFLOOD MANAGEMENT PRACTICES FOR THE SPRABERRY TREND AREA  

SciTech Connect

The objective of this project is to significantly increase field-wide production in the Spraberry Trend in a short time frame by application of preferred practices for managing and optimizing water injection. A secondary and synergistic objective is purification and injection of produced water into Spraberry reservoirs.

David S. Schechter

2002-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

376

Emerging trends around big data analytics and security: panel  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This panel will discuss the interplay between key emerging security trends centered around big data analytics and security. With the explosion of big data and advent of cloud computing, data analytics has not only become prevalent but also a critical ... Keywords: analytics, big data, privacy, security

Rafae Bhatti; Ryan LaSalle; Rob Bird; Tim Grance; Elisa Bertino

2012-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

377

Warming Trends in the Arctic from Clear Sky Satellite Observations  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Satellite thermal infrared data on surface temperatures provide pan-Arctic coverage from 1981 to 2001 during cloud-free conditions and reveal large warming anomalies in the 1990s compared to the 1980s and regional variability in the trend. The ...

Josefino C. Comiso

2003-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

378

Determine Vehicle Usage and Refueling Trends to Minimize Greenhouse Gas  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Vehicle Usage and Refueling Trends to Minimize Greenhouse Vehicle Usage and Refueling Trends to Minimize Greenhouse Gas Emissions Determine Vehicle Usage and Refueling Trends to Minimize Greenhouse Gas Emissions October 7, 2013 - 11:42am Addthis YOU ARE HERE Step 2 Once a Federal agency has identified its most important mobile greenhouse gas (GHG) emission sources overall, it can work with individual sites to determine vehicle usage and refueling trends. Agencies can compare the results of this analysis to internal standards and requirements to identify GHG mitigation opportunities for assets that are underperforming or underutilized. Two examples of this type of analysis focus on: Alternative fuel consumption Vehicle utilization. Figure 1 - An image of a vertical, stacked bar chart titled 'Alternative Fuel Use in AFVs.' The frequency data axis is labeled 'Gallons of Gasoline Equivalent' with a scale of 0-1,400,000 in increments of 200,000. The stacked bar labeled 'CNG Dual Fuel Vehicles' shows CNG from 0-300,000 gallons and Gasoline from 300,000-800,000 gallons. The stacked bar labeled 'E-85 Flex Fuel Vehicles' shows E85 from 0-1,000,000 gallons and Gasoline from 1,000,000-1,250,000 gallons.

379

Current Trends in Gamma Ray Detection for Radiological Emergency Response  

SciTech Connect

Passive and active detection of gamma rays from shielded radioactive materials, including special nuclear materials, is an important task for any radiological emergency response organization. This article reports on the current trends and status of gamma radiation detection objectives and measurement techniques as applied to nonproliferation and radiological emergencies.

Mukhopadhyay, S., Guss, P., Maurer, R.

2011-08-18T23:59:59.000Z

380

U.S. Energy Service Company (ESCO) Industry and Market Trends  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Energy Service Company (ESCO) Energy Service Company (ESCO) Industry and Market Trends Charles Goldman Deputy Dept Head Energy Analysis Department Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory Definition of U.S. ESCO  Project developer in business of improving end-use energy efficiency: - Combine engineering expertise with financial services to extract untapped potential for energy efficiency - Integrates broad range of services: project identification, engineering & design, financing, construction, M&V of savings, maintenance, and billing  Performance contracting: ESCO's compensation is tied to project's performance  Product and Service Strategies - full range of energy efficiency services - energy and facility management services - build/own/operate major energy facilities (cogeneration, onsite

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "development trends depicted" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


381

Status and trends of geothermal direct use projects in the United States  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The United States is continuing to experience a significant growth rate in the use of low- and moderate-temperature geothermal resources for direct use applications, which is making an increasing contribution to the United States energy demands. This paper provides an overview of how and where geothermal energy is being used, the extent of that use, and what the development trends and concerns appear to be. The applications discussed include industrial processes, heat pumps (heating and cooling), pools and spas, aquaculture and agriculture applications, and space and district heating projects. 3 tabs.

Lunis, B.C.; Lienau, P.J.

1988-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

382

Annual Report on U.S. Wind Power Installation, Cost, and Performance Trends: 2006  

Wind Powering America (EERE)

  Annual Report on U.S. Wind Power Installation, Cost, and Performance Trends: 006 Contents Introduction . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .3 U.S. Wind Power Capacity Increased by 7% in 006 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .4 The United States Leads the World in Annual Capacity Growth . . . . . . . .4 Texas, Washington, and California Lead the U.S. in Annual Capacity Growth . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .5 GE Wind Is the Dominant Turbine Manufacturer, with Siemens Gaining Market Share . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .6 Average Turbine Size Continues to Increase . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .7 Developer Consolidation Accelerates . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .8 Innovation and Competition in Non-Utility Wind Financing Persists . . . .9

383

Joint development during uctuation of the regional stress eld in southern Israel  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Joint development during ¯uctuation of the regional stress ®eld in southern Israel Yehuda Eyala Received 14 January 2000; accepted 6 June 2000 Abstract Four trends of joint sets (WNW±ESE, NW±SE, NNW contain joints parallel with the latter trend, whereas 42% contain joints parallel to the former trend

Engelder, Terry

384

Improving dual-porosity simulation of waterflood performance in the naturally fractured Spraberry Trend area  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In this thesis we have discussed the methods of analyzing the waterflood performance of the O'Daniel waterflood pilot in the Spraberry Trend Area with the help of reservoir simulation. Spraberry Trend Area is considered to be one of the richest oil fields in the world. However, out of 6-10 billion bbls of original oil only 700 million bbls have been produced. In an effort to increase recovery, several waterflood pilots were conducted in Spraberry beginning in the late 1950's. Because of profoundly complicated nature of the reservoir, waterflooding has been only moderately successful, and billions of barrels of hydrocarbons remain unrecovered. A recent waterflood pilot study started in 1995 with dramatically different results. The pilot was conducted in the O'Daniel unit of the Spraberry. The recovery in this lease has exceeded 25% of the original oil in place, compared to only 10% recovery in the entire Spraberry. Data from the current waterflood clearly shows that on-trend wells which are outside the pilot and along the major fracture trend responded favorably. In the previous waterflood pilots in Spraberry, the producer located off-trend from the water injectors received all the attention and the response in the on-trend wells was overlooked. In this study, we have developed a waterflood pattern for Spraberry where the target wells for waterflood response will be the on-trend producers. A successful waterflood depends on properly positioning the injectors and producers. In fractured reservoirs, fracture location, orientation and permeability dictates the placing of injection and production wells. So, to understand the fracture distribution, the main intention behind this thesis is to develop a method to determine location, orientation and permeability of fractures in Spraberry by using reservoir simulation. We performed three simulation studies: Humble pilot waterflood, O'Daniel tracer analysis and O'Daniel pilot waterflood. The first two simulation studies were performed with simple two-well models. The fracture orientation and permeability ratio obtained in these models were applied to the full field O'Daniel pilot that consists of 59 wells in about 8500-acre area. Our simulation model shows that a concept of fracture enhancement (grid-blocks with high fracture permeability) in the dual-porosity model is necessary to capture the effect of heterogeneity of fracture network. The major fracture orientation obtained from the simulation is very close to the one obtained from the interference test and horizontal core analysis. The results of this study could be used in determining an optimum waterflood pattern suitable for that area to forecast oil production with different scenarios such as, infill drilling, CO2 injection, horizontal wells etc. Finally, the results of this work will provide a method to assess the economic feasibility of large-scale water injection in the remainder of the field.

Chowdhury, Tanvir

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

385

Federal Energy Management Program: Data Center Energy Consumption Trends  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Consumption Trends Consumption Trends Data centers can consume up to 100 times more energy than a standard office building. Often, less than 15% of original source energy is used for the information technology equipment within a data center. Figure 1 outlines typical data center energy consumption ratios. An illustration that features a graphic of a coal container representing 100 units of coal. This enters a graphic of a power plant, where those 100 units of coal are turned into 35 units of energy. The 35 units of energy are distributed by power lines, represented by a graphic of power lines, where 33 units are delivered to a pie chart representing data typical data center energy end use. The data center pie chart features 48% representing server load and computing operation consumption; 43% representing cooling equipment consumption; and 9% representing power conversion and distribution consumption.

386

Annual Energy Outlook 2006 with Projections to 2030 - Market Trends -  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Market Trends - Market Drivers Market Trends - Market Drivers Annual Energy Outlook 2006 with Projections to 2030 Strong Economic Growth Is Expected To Continue Through 2030 Figure 24. Average annual growth rates of real GDP, labor frce, and productivity in three cases, 2004-2030 (percent per year). Having problems, call our National Energy Information Center at 202-586-8800 for help. Figure data AEO2006 presents three views of economic growth for the forecast period from 2004 through 2030. Although probabilities are not assigned, the reference case reflects the most likely view of how the economy will unfold over the period. In the reference case, the Nation’s economic growth, measured in terms of real GDP based on 2000 chain-weighted dollars, is projected to average 3.0 percent per year (Figure 24). The labor force is

387

Recovery of CO2 from Flue Gases: Commercial Trends  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

CO CO 2 from Flue Gases: Commercial Trends Originally presented at the Canadian Society of Chemical Engineers annual meeting October 4-6, 1999, Saskatoon, Saskatchewan, Canada Authors: Dan G. Chapel (dan.chapel@fluor.com; 949-349-7530) Carl L. Mariz (carl.mariz@fluor.com; 949-349-7530) FluorDaniel One Fluor Drive Aliso Viejo CA, 92698 John Ernest (john.ernest@minimed.com; 818-576-4293) Advanced Quality Services Inc 11024 Balboa Blvd. PMB154, Granada Hills, CA 91344-5007 1 Recovery of CO 2 from Flue Gases: Commercial Trends Originally presented at the Canadian Society of Chemical Engineers annual meeting October 4-6, 1999, Saskatoon, Saskatchewan, Canada Authors: Dan Chapel - Fluor Daniel Inc., Senior Vice President Technology; Oil, Gas & Power John Ernest - Advanced Quality Services Inc., Validation Engineer

388

Understanding Trends in Wind Turbine Prices Over the Past Decade  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Understanding Understanding Trends in Understanding Trends in Wind Turbine Prices O Over the Past Decade Mark Bolinger and Ryan Wiser Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory October, 2011 The work described in this presentation was funded by the U.S. Department of Energy's Office of Energy 1 Environmental Energy Technologies Division * Energy Analysis Department Efficiency and Renewable Energy (Wind & Water Power Program) under Contract No. DE-AC02-05CH11231 Motivation 1) Turbine prices in the U.S. have fallen ~20%-30% in recent years, but from elevated levels - prices had previously doubled from 2002 2008 2002-2008 2) This doubling in price contradicts standard "learning curve" theory, and requires an alternate explanation * Traditional learning curves suggest that wind project costs should fall

389

Renewable Energy Finance Tracking Initiative (REFTI) Solar Trend Analysis  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Solar Trend Analysis Ryan Hubbell, Travis Lowder, Michael Mendelsohn, and Karlynn Cory Technical Report NREL/TP-6A20-53531 September 2012 NREL is a national laboratory of the U.S. Department of Energy, Office of Energy Efficiency & Renewable Energy, operated by the Alliance for Sustainable Energy, LLC. National Renewable Energy Laboratory 15013 Denver West Parkway Golden, Colorado 80401 303-275-3000 * www.nrel.gov Contract No. DE-AC36-08GO28308 Renewable Energy Finance Tracking Initiative (REFTI) Solar Trend Analysis Ryan Hubbell, Travis Lowder, Michael Mendelsohn, and Karlynn Cory Prepared under Task No. SM12.3050 Technical Report NREL/TP-6A20-53531 September 2012

390

Energy Information Administration / Petroleum 1996: Issues and Trends  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Petroleum 1996: Issues and Trends Petroleum 1996: Issues and Trends 49 The U.S. is heavily reliant on the world crude oil market, which has been subject to huge inter-annual volatility since 1973. Neither of these facts is likely to change. Domestic crude oil production declined over the past decade, while domestic crude oil demand increased. The difference was satisfied by increased crude oil imports. The United States' proved crude oil reserves declined more than 21 percent from 1985 to 1995. Its technically recoverable crude oil resources beyond proved reserves are estimated to be about 6 times more than the year-end 1995 proved reserves. However, excepting the Gulf of Mexico and the Alaskan offshore, many of the most promising oil-prone regions of the country are presently off-limits to exploration. Over the

391

Trends in Building Energy Usage in Texas State Agencies  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In late 1983, a cost containment program was initiated out of the governor's office directed at the major state agencies. The Energy Management Group at Texas A&M University provided technical expertise in obtaining agency energy usage and cost figures for the fiscal years 1981 to 1983. While there is considerable diversity from agency to agency, the trend is toward dramatically higher energy cost per square foot for virtually all agencies. This alarming trend can be partially explained by rising unit costs for gas and electricity and a lack of incentives for conservation efforts due to the method of utility budget allocations. A building standard signed into law in 1976 could have reduced energy consumption, but was never enforced. Beginning in fiscal year 1986, universities will be allowed to comingle utility money with capital operating money so that conservation can really pay off for them.

Murphy, W. E.; Turner, W. D.; O'Neal, D. L.; Seshan, S.

1985-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

392

LONG-TERM TRENDS IN SUNSPOT MAGNETIC FIELDS  

SciTech Connect

Recent studies indicate that a maximum field strength in sunspots shows a gradual decrease over the last several years. By extrapolating this trend, Penn and Livingston proposed that sunspots may completely disappear in the not-so-distant future. To verify these recent findings, we employ historic synoptic data sets from seven observatories in the former USSR covering the period from 1957 to 2011 (from 1998 to 2011, observations were taken at only one observatory). Our results indicate that while sunspot field strengths rise and wane with solar cycle, there is not a long-term trend that would suggest a gradual decrease in sunspot magnetic fields over the four and a half solar cycles covered by these observations.

Pevtsov, Alexei A. [National Solar Observatory, Sunspot, NM 88349 (United States); Nagovitsyn, Yury A.; Rybak, Alexey L. [Pulkovo Astronomical Observatory, Russian Academy of Sciences, St. Petersburg 196140 (Russian Federation); Tlatov, Andrey G., E-mail: apevtsov@nso.edu, E-mail: nag@gao.spb.edu, E-mail: tlatov@mail.ru [Kislovodsk Solar Station of Pulkovo Observatory, Kislovodsk 357700 (Russian Federation)

2011-12-15T23:59:59.000Z

393

Energy use and conservation trends, 1972--1986  

SciTech Connect

US trends in energy use and conservation since 1972 are analyzed in this report. That year represents the last year prior to significant energy price shocks. In 1986, an estimated 31.8 quads has been saved in the US compared with what consumption would have been if the energy use per dollar of GNP had continued on the same trend after 1972 as in the period 1960--1972. Actual US energy consumption in 1986 was 74.3 quads. It is clear that energy conservation is persistent and conservation investments continue to pay off even after initial energy price shocks have subsided. Separate analyses have been conducted for the major end-use sectors (residential, commercial, industrial, and transportation). Savings have been estimated in each sector, and the factors contributing to sectoral savings identified. 19 refs., 23 figs., 26 tabs.

Klan, M.S.; Belzer, D.B.; Marsh, S.J.; Moore, N.L.; Roop, J.M.; Sands, R.D.

1989-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

394

Emerging business models and trends in the mobile wireless industry  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper provides a theory to account for how emerging business models and trends are driving scale and scope economies in the mobile wireless industry. Despite raising expectations, the mobile wireless industry is currently volatile. As difficult ... Keywords: alliance, bundling, convergence, mobile networks, mobile virtual network operators, mobile wireless, network sharing, service differentiation, software outsourcing, software systems, technological evolution, value chain, wireless gateways, wireless networks

Hemant K. Sabat

2007-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

395

Water Resource Trends and Implications for the Electric Power Industry  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Water resources, both surface and groundwater, are subject to significant variation and change with respect to volume, flow, and quality. This report evaluates observed water resource trends within the United States and their implications for electric power generation. The report also addresses how individual companies have responded to these changes. The report will be of value to environment, generation, and planning managers within power companies, government agencies, and water resource stakeholders ...

2010-12-23T23:59:59.000Z

396

U.S. Water Demand, Supply and Allocation: Trends and Outlook  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

2007-R-3 Water is an essential resource in the U.S. economy. It plays a crucial role in supporting many economic activities and ensuring the quality of human life and the health of ecological systems. Despite this, the value of water may not be widely appreciated because only some water resources and water uses are easily visible or noticed while others are not. Among the Institute for Water Resources (IWR) Future Directions program activities are the identification of emerging water challenges and opportunities and the tactical engagement of U.S. Army Corps of Engineers (USACE) senior leaders on these issues. Such critical thinking is an essential prerequisite to strategy development and planning. IWR has developed this series of Water Resources Outlook papers, commissioned utilizing outside experts, to identify emerging issues and implications for the Nation. These issues and implications will be presented in the form of provocation sessions with external and internal subject matter experts and stakeholders and will inform the USACE strategic planning process. U.S. Water Demand, Supply and Allocation: Trends and Outlook Given the overall importance of water, the long-term adequacy of water supply is a major national concern. This first in a series of Water Resources Outlook papers reviews future trends

Jack C. Kiefer, Ph.D.

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

397

Trends in On-Road Vehicle Emissions of Ammonia  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Trends in On-Road Vehicle Emissions of Ammonia Trends in On-Road Vehicle Emissions of Ammonia Title Trends in On-Road Vehicle Emissions of Ammonia Publication Type Journal Article Year of Publication 2008 Authors Kean, Andrew J., David Littlejohn, George Ban-Weiss, Robert A. Harley, Thomas W. Kirchstetter, and Melissa M. Lunden Journal Atmospheric Environment Abstract Motor vehicle emissions of ammonia have been measured at a California highway tunnel in the San Francisco Bay area. Between 1999 and 2006, light-duty vehicle ammonia emissions decreased by 38 ± 6%, from 640 ± 40 to 400 ± 20 mg kg-1. High time resolution measurements of ammonia made in summer 2001 at the same location indicate a minimum in ammonia emissions correlated with slower-speed driving conditions. Variations in ammonia emission rates track changes in carbon monoxide more closely than changes in nitrogen oxides, especially during later evening hours when traffic speeds are highest. Analysis of remote sensing data of Burgard et al. (Environ Sci. Technol. 2006, 40, 7018-7022) indicates relationships between ammonia and vehicle model year, nitrogen oxides, and carbon monoxide. Ammonia emission rates from diesel trucks were difficult to measure in the tunnel setting due to the large contribution to ammonia concentrations in a mixed-traffic bore that were assigned to light-duty vehicle emissions. Nevertheless, it is clear that heavy-duty diesel trucks are a minor source of ammonia emissions compared to light-duty gasoline vehicles.

398

Seasonality in the Natural Gas Balancing Item: Historical Trends and  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Analysis > Seasonality in the Natural Gas Balancing Item: Historical Trends and Corrective Measures Analysis > Seasonality in the Natural Gas Balancing Item: Historical Trends and Corrective Measures Seasonality in the Natural Gas Balancing Item: Historical Trends and Corrective Measures Released: June 4, 2010 Download Full Report (PDF) This special report examines an underlying cause of the seasonal pattern in the balancing item published in the Natural Gas Monthly. Research finds that a significant portion of data collected on EIA’s primary monthly natural gas consumption survey reflects billing data that does not strictly coincide with the actual calendar month, which creates an aggregate-level discrepancy with EIA’s other natural gas supply and disposition data series. This discrepancy is especially observable during the fall and spring as one transitions into and out of the winter heating season. The report also outlines improved data collection and estimation procedures that will be implemented later this year to more closely align reported and actual calendar month consumption. This discussion will be helpful to users of EIA’s volumetric natural gas data. Questions about this report should be directed to Andy Hoegh at andrew.hoegh@eia.doe.gov or (202) 586-9502.

399

Trends in Information Management at Department of Energy Headquarters  

SciTech Connect

The Trends in Information Resource Management at DOE Headquarters (Trends) is published annually to inform the DOE Headquarters community about changes in the information management environment. The document, in its second year of publication, is becoming more robust as more historical data is available and as the information management environment at Headquarters evolves. One of the purposes of the Trends document is to acquire evidence that Headquarters organizations are assimilating guidance offered in the Emerging Technologies Planning Guide into their IRM strategies. Another purpose is to identify areas of interest and requirements of the Headquarters organizations to direct technology research for future issues of the Guide. These categories have been tentatively established as indicators of the degree of implementation of information management. The main source of data is the Headquarters Organization Plans, which were updated during the long-range update cycle conducted from August to January. Since these plans were published, the Secretary has announced a reorganization of DOE. For the purpose of this document, the information in the various plans is considered to be valid to accomplish the Departmental missions.

Not Available

1993-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

400

Technology assessment of offshore industry. The United States offshore industry. Current status, trends and forecast 1976-2000. Volume I. Final report  

SciTech Connect

Volume One presents a description of the current status of the U.S. offshore industry together with developing trends in the industry and an examination of the various forces that influence development. A 25 year forecast of offshore industry development is included. Also included is a description of the U.S. commercial ocean fishing industry and a 25 year forecast of industry development.

Durfee, J.H.

1977-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "development trends depicted" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


401

U.S. Energy Service Company (ESCO) Industry and Market Trends...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

U.S. Energy Service Company (ESCO) Industry and Market Trends U.S. Energy Service Company (ESCO) Industry and Market Trends Information on the U.S. Energy Service Company and its...

402

Effects of Temperature and Precipitation Variability on Snowpack Trends in the Western United States  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Recent studies have shown substantial declines in snow water equivalent (SWE) over much of the western United States in the last half century, as well as trends toward earlier spring snowmelt and peak spring streamflows. These trends are ...

Alan F. Hamlet; Philip W. Mote; Martyn P. Clark; Dennis P. Lettenmaier

2005-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

403

Web Science 2.0: Identifying Trends through Semantic Social Network Analysis  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We introduce a novel set of social network analysis based algorithms for mining the Web, blogs, and online forums to identify trends and find the people launching these new trends. These algorithms have been implemented ...

Gloor, Peter A.

404

Is the Upper Ocean Warming? Comparisons of 50-Year Trends from Different Analyses  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

There is great interest in World Ocean temperature trends, yet the historical global ocean database has very uneven coverage in space and time. Previous work on 50-yr upper ocean temperature trends from the NOAA ocean data archive is extended ...

Mark Carson; D. E. Harrison

2008-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

405

Trend Detection in Regional-Mean Temperature Series: Maximum, Minimum, Mean, Diurnal Range, and SST  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Regional climate trends are of interest both for understanding natural climate processes and as tests of anthropogenic climate change signatures. Relative to global trends, however, their detection is hampered by smaller datasets and the ...

Xiaogu Zheng; Reid E. Basher; Craig S. Thompson

1997-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

406

The Influence of Changes in Cloud Cover on Recent Surface Temperature Trends in the Arctic  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A method is presented to assess the influence of changes in Arctic cloud cover on the surface temperature trend, allowing for a more robust diagnosis of causes for surface warming or cooling. Seasonal trends in satellite-derived Arctic surface ...

Yinghui Liu; Jeffrey R. Key; Xuanji Wang

2008-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

407

Application and Comparison of Robust Linear Regression Methods for Trend Estimation  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this study, robust parametric regression methods are applied to temperature and precipitation time series in Switzerland and the trend results are compared with trends from classical least squares (LS) regression and nonparametric approaches. ...

Andreas Muhlbauer; Peter Spichtinger; Ulrike Lohmann

2009-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

408

Nonlinear Trends, Long-Range Dependence, and Climate Noise Properties of Surface Temperature  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This study investigates the significance of trends of four temperature time seriesCentral England Temperature (CET), Stockholm, Faraday-Vernadsky, and Alert. First the robustness and accuracy of various trend detection methods are examined: ...

Christian Franzke

2012-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

409

Warming Break Trends and Fractional Integration in the Northern, Southern, and Global Temperature Anomaly Series  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper deals with the estimation of time trends in temperature anomaly series. However, instead of imposing that the estimated residuals from the time trends are covariance stationary processes with spectral density that is positive and ...

Luis A. Gil-Alana

2008-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

410

Trends in Extreme Temperatures in Relation to Urbanization in the Twin Cities Metropolitan Area, Minnesota  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The long-term trends in extreme summer season temperatures across the Twin Cities Metropolitan Area (TCMA) associated with urbanization are examined. To assess trends in extreme temperature data, maximum and minimum temperatures from 1975 to 2002 ...

Shouraseni Sen Roy; Fei Yuan

2009-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

411

Multidecadal Trends in Instrumental SST and Coral Proxy Sr/Ca Records  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Historical ship observations of sea surface temperature (SST) from 1850 to present were used to compute linear 40-yr trends for all 5 latitude by 5 longitude grid cells with sufficient data. Trends from throughout the twentieth century were ...

Robert B. Scott; Christina L. Holland; Terrence M. Quinn

2010-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

412

U-270:Trend Micro Control Manager Input Validation Flaw in Ad...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

0:Trend Micro Control Manager Input Validation Flaw in Ad Hoc Query Module Lets Remote Users Inject SQL Commands U-270:Trend Micro Control Manager Input Validation Flaw in Ad Hoc...

413

Trends in Precipitation Extremes in the Zhujiang River Basin, South China  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Spatial and temporal characteristics of precipitation trends in the Zhujiang River basin, South China, are analyzed. Nonparametric trend tests are applied to daily precipitation data from 192 weather stations between 1961 and 2007 for the ...

Marco Gemmer; Thomas Fischer; Tong Jiang; Buda Su; L Liu Liu

2011-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

414

Understanding Wind Turbine Price Trends in the U.S. Over the Past Decade  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

and Ryan Wiser. 2009. Wind Power Price Trends in the UnitedCarbon Trust. 2008. Offshore wind power: big challenge, bigAndrew. 2008. Trends in Wind Power Prices, B.O.P. , and

Bolinger, Mark

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

415

A Shift in Western Tropical Pacific Sea Level Trends during the 1990s  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Pacific Ocean sea surface height trends from satellite altimeter observations for 19932009 are examined in the context of longer tide gauge records and wind stress patterns. The dominant regional trends are high rates in the western tropical ...

Mark A. Merrifield

2011-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

416

Assessing U.S. ESCO industry performance and market trends: Results from the NAESCO database project  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

industry and market trends in the energy-efficiency servicestrends, market activity and business practices of companies involved in energy-trend likely understates the shift away from performance-contracting arrangements in the energy efficiency services market

Osborn, Julie; Goldman, Chuck; Hopper, Nicole; Singer, Terry

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

417

Review of U.S. ESCO industry market trends: An empirical analysis of project data  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

sector energy efficiency services industry and market trendsof US ESCO Industry Market Trends site energy basis (1 kWh =suspect that energy Review of US ESCO Industry Market Trends

Goldman, Charles A.; Hopper, Nicole C.; Osborn, Julie G.; Singer, Terry E.

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

418

Trends in US private-sector energy R and D funding 1985--1994  

SciTech Connect

This report has been prepared in response to a set of four questions submitted by the International Energy Agency`s (IEA) Energy Technology Policy Division to the US Department of Energy`s Office of Energy Research. The IEA`s questions all center on trends in US industrial energy R{ampersand}D spending over the decade 1985--1995. IEA has asked all of its member countries similar questions and intends to use the resulting multi-country data set on trends in private-sector energy R and D as basis for discussions at its October 16, 1996, Governing Board Meeting. This report first describes the principal data sets used with caveats about their shortcomings, then characterizes the context of US R and D spending over the recent past and short-term future. The remainder of the report is organized by addressing each of the four IEA questions. The appendices provide further information. IEA Question {number_sign}1: Are industry (energy) R and D expenditures monitored by the US Government? If so, please describe the types of data that are collected. Question {number_sign}2: How much money did industry spend to support energy technology development in your country in the following years: 1985, 1993, 1994, 1995? Question {number_sign}3: From the experience of your country in working with industry what is the timeframe of their R and D efforts in terms of the expected payback of their investments (e.g., short term 0--3 years, medium term 3--7 years, long term 7--12 years, or very long term beyond 12 years)? Question {number_sign}4: How would you describe industry energy technology investment trends over the past ten years?

Dooley, J.J.

1996-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

419

Trends in global monsoon area and precipitation over the past Pangchi Hsu,1  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Trends in global monsoon area and precipitation over the past 30 years Pangchi Hsu,1 Tim Li,1­2008) indicates that there are consistent increasing trends in both the global monsoon area (GMA) and the global monsoon total precipitation (GMP). This positive monsoon rainfall trend differs from previous studies

Li, Tim

420

Current Trends, DC, 3/24-28/03Progress towards Energy Supported by  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Current Trends, DC, 3/24-28/03Progress towards Energy Supported by Columbia U Comp-X GA INEL JHU-term research plan #12;Current Trends, DC, 3/24-28/03Progress towards Energy Spherical Torus Offers High Trends, DC, 3/24-28/03Progress towards Energy NSTX Is to Prove Scientific Principle (PoP) of the Extended

Princeton Plasma Physics Laboratory

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "development trends depicted" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


421

Well blowout rates in California Oil and Gas District 4--Update and Trends  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

6. 11. Skalle P, Podio AL, Trends extracted from 1,200 GulfGas District 4 Update and Trends a report by P r e s t o nDistrict 4 Update and Trends Figure 2: Oil and Gas Fields

Benson, Sally M.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

422

Chance discovery and scenario analysis for trend exploration on solar cell technology  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

It is essential for managers and stakeholders to well understand the trends of a certain technology so that managers can enhance the performance of a company and stakeholders can make appropriate decisions for investment. Solar cell, one of renewable ... Keywords: chance discovery, knowledge extraction, knowledge retrieval, patent data, patents, scenario analysis, solar cells, technology trends, trend exploration

Tzu-Fu Chiu

2011-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

423

Geomagnetic control of the foF2 long-term trends A. V. Mikhailov1  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Geomagnetic control of the foF2 long-term trends A. V. Mikhailov1 , D. Marin2 1 Institute dependence of trend magnitude on geomagnetic (invariant) latitude is con®rmed. Periods of negative/positive foF2 trends corresponding to the periods of long-term increasing/ decreasing geomagnetic activity

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

424

Attribution of the Seasonality and Regionality in Climate Trends over the United States during 19502000  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The observed climate trends over the United States during 19502000 exhibit distinct seasonality and regionality. The surface air temperature exhibits a warming trend during winter, spring, and early summer and a modest countrywide cooling trend ...

Hailan Wang; Siegfried Schubert; Max Suarez; Junye Chen; Martin Hoerling; Arun Kumar; Philip Pegion

2009-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

425

Trends in Energy Management Technology - Part 3: State of Practice of Energy Management, Control, and Information Systems  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

www-4.ibm.com, November 2000. Trends in Energy Managementwww.trane.com www.tridium.com Trends in Energy ManagementReferences Webster, T. L. , "Trends in Energy Management

Yee, Gaymond; Webster, Tom

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

426

Wind Power Price Trends in the United States: Struggling to Remain Competitive in the Face of Strong Growth  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

the Greenhouse: Divergent Trends in Federal, Regional, Statewind cost and pricing trends (see, e.g. , Ibenholt, 2002;Bolinger, Mark. 2008. Trends in U.S. Wind Power Prices and

Bolinger, Mark A

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

427

An Examination of Temporal Trends in Electricity Reliability Based on Reports from U.S. Electric Utilities  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

North America: Historical Trends and Policy Implications. a customer-weighted time trend that we can compare to athe customer-weighted time trend presented in Section 3. We

Eto, Joseph H.

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

428

The Tight Coal Market: Volatility Spike or Trend?  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The spot coal market experienced a major price spike beginning in late 2000 and early 2001. This run-up in coal prices caught most producers and generators by surprise. While spot prices have declined from their peak, they remain well above historical levels. It is not clear whether this run-up in prices was merely a short-term event reflecting an increase in coal price volatility or the start of a new trend in coal pricing generally. This report analyzes possible causes of the price spike, the likelihoo...

2001-11-30T23:59:59.000Z

429

TRENDS '90: A compendium of data on global change  

SciTech Connect

This document is a source of frequently used global change data. This first issue includes estimates for global and national CO{sub 2} emissions from the burning of fossil fuels and from the production of cement, historical and modern records of atmospheric CO{sub 2} and methane concentrations, and several long-term temperature records. Included are tabular and graphical presentations of the data, discussions of trends in the data, and references to publications that provide further information. Data are presented in a two-page format, each dealing with a different data set. All data are available in digital form from the Carbon Dioxide Information Analysis Center.

Sepanski, R.J.; Stoss, F.W. (eds.); Boden, T.A.; Kanciruk, P.; Farrell, M.P.

1990-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

430

Gateway:Low Emission Development Strategies | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Low Emission Development Strategies Low Emission Development Strategies (Redirected from Low Emission Development Strategies) Jump to: navigation, search Leds-Graphics 03.PNG Low Emission Development Strategies (LEDS) Gateway This website supports the creation and implementation of country-driven, analytically rigorous low emission development strategies (LEDS). LEDS will enable countries to transition to low carbon economic development resulting in sustained growth in employment and investment, increased financial flows through carbon markets, reduced greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions, and other social, economic, and environmental benefits. The resources here are designed to help you create your own LEDS. We've assembled several toolkits and resources and a sample process for developing a LEDS based on proven best practices. The process is depicted in the diagram to your left, which also lets you navigate through the site. Start with the overview of the LEDS process, or go directly to one of the five major process phases:

431

Trends in Energy Management Technology - Part 4: Review of Advanced Applications in Energy Management, Control, and Information Systems  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

ExcelSyus - Excel Energy Technologies, Ltd. http://pdf Trends in Energy Management TechnologyTrends in Energy Management Technology Fault Detection and

Yee, Gaymond; Webster, Tom

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

432

Trends in Energy Management Technology - Part 3: State of Practice of Energy Management, Control, and Information Systems  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

November 2000. Trends in Energy Management TechnologyInc. Siemens Building Technologies Inc. Teletrol Systems,Trends in Energy Management Technology FEMP/NTDP Technical

Yee, Gaymond; Webster, Tom

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

433

Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #484: August 27, 2007 Trends in Vehicle  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

4: August 27, 4: August 27, 2007 Trends in Vehicle Attribute Preference to someone by E-mail Share Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #484: August 27, 2007 Trends in Vehicle Attribute Preference on Facebook Tweet about Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #484: August 27, 2007 Trends in Vehicle Attribute Preference on Twitter Bookmark Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #484: August 27, 2007 Trends in Vehicle Attribute Preference on Google Bookmark Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #484: August 27, 2007 Trends in Vehicle Attribute Preference on Delicious Rank Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #484: August 27, 2007 Trends in Vehicle Attribute Preference on Digg Find More places to share Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #484: August 27, 2007 Trends in Vehicle Attribute Preference on AddThis.com...

434

Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #585: August 24, 2009 Trends in Vehicle  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

5: August 24, 5: August 24, 2009 Trends in Vehicle Attribute Preference to someone by E-mail Share Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #585: August 24, 2009 Trends in Vehicle Attribute Preference on Facebook Tweet about Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #585: August 24, 2009 Trends in Vehicle Attribute Preference on Twitter Bookmark Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #585: August 24, 2009 Trends in Vehicle Attribute Preference on Google Bookmark Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #585: August 24, 2009 Trends in Vehicle Attribute Preference on Delicious Rank Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #585: August 24, 2009 Trends in Vehicle Attribute Preference on Digg Find More places to share Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #585: August 24, 2009 Trends in Vehicle Attribute Preference on AddThis.com...

435

Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #732: June 18, 2012 Days to Turn Trend by  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

2: June 18, 2012 2: June 18, 2012 Days to Turn Trend by Vehicle Class to someone by E-mail Share Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #732: June 18, 2012 Days to Turn Trend by Vehicle Class on Facebook Tweet about Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #732: June 18, 2012 Days to Turn Trend by Vehicle Class on Twitter Bookmark Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #732: June 18, 2012 Days to Turn Trend by Vehicle Class on Google Bookmark Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #732: June 18, 2012 Days to Turn Trend by Vehicle Class on Delicious Rank Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #732: June 18, 2012 Days to Turn Trend by Vehicle Class on Digg Find More places to share Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #732: June 18, 2012 Days to Turn Trend by Vehicle Class on AddThis.com... Fact #732: June 18, 2012

436

Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #378: June 27, 2005 Trends in Vehicle  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

8: June 27, 2005 8: June 27, 2005 Trends in Vehicle Attribute Preference to someone by E-mail Share Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #378: June 27, 2005 Trends in Vehicle Attribute Preference on Facebook Tweet about Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #378: June 27, 2005 Trends in Vehicle Attribute Preference on Twitter Bookmark Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #378: June 27, 2005 Trends in Vehicle Attribute Preference on Google Bookmark Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #378: June 27, 2005 Trends in Vehicle Attribute Preference on Delicious Rank Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #378: June 27, 2005 Trends in Vehicle Attribute Preference on Digg Find More places to share Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #378: June 27, 2005 Trends in Vehicle Attribute Preference on AddThis.com...

437

Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #532: August 18, 2008 Trends in Vehicle  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

2: August 18, 2: August 18, 2008 Trends in Vehicle Attribute Preference to someone by E-mail Share Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #532: August 18, 2008 Trends in Vehicle Attribute Preference on Facebook Tweet about Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #532: August 18, 2008 Trends in Vehicle Attribute Preference on Twitter Bookmark Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #532: August 18, 2008 Trends in Vehicle Attribute Preference on Google Bookmark Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #532: August 18, 2008 Trends in Vehicle Attribute Preference on Delicious Rank Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #532: August 18, 2008 Trends in Vehicle Attribute Preference on Digg Find More places to share Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #532: August 18, 2008 Trends in Vehicle Attribute Preference on AddThis.com...

438

U-270:Trend Micro Control Manager Input Validation Flaw in Ad Hoc Query  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

0:Trend Micro Control Manager Input Validation Flaw in Ad Hoc 0:Trend Micro Control Manager Input Validation Flaw in Ad Hoc Query Module Lets Remote Users Inject SQL Commands U-270:Trend Micro Control Manager Input Validation Flaw in Ad Hoc Query Module Lets Remote Users Inject SQL Commands September 28, 2012 - 6:00am Addthis PROBLEM: Trend Micro Control Manager Input Validation Flaw in Ad Hoc Query Module Lets Remote Users Inject SQL Commands PLATFORM: Control Manager - 3.0, 3.5, 5.0, 5.5, 6.0 ABSTRACT: Trend Micro has been notified of a potential product vulnerability in Control Manager. reference LINKS: Trend Micro Technical Support ID 1061043 SecurityTracker Alert ID: 1027584 Secunia Advisory SA50760 CVE-2012-2998 IMPACT ASSESSMENT: Medium Discussion: A vulnerability has been reported in Trend Micro Control Manager, which can

439

Data Center Energy Consumption Trends | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Program Areas » Data Center Energy Efficiency » Data Center Program Areas » Data Center Energy Efficiency » Data Center Energy Consumption Trends Data Center Energy Consumption Trends October 8, 2013 - 10:09am Addthis Data centers can consume up to 100 times more energy than a standard office building. Often, less than 15% of original source energy is used for the information technology equipment within a data center. Figure 1 outlines typical data center energy consumption ratios. An illustration that features a graphic of a coal container representing 100 units of coal. This enters a graphic of a power plant, where those 100 units of coal are turned into 35 units of energy. The 35 units of energy are distributed by power lines, represented by a graphic of power lines, where 33 units are delivered to a pie chart representing data typical data center energy end use. The data center pie chart features 48% representing server load and computing operation consumption; 43% representing cooling equipment consumption; and 9% representing power conversion and distribution consumption.

440

TRENDS 1991: A compendium of data on global change  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This document is a source of frequently used global-change data. This second issue of the Trends series expands the coverage of sites recording atmospheric concentrations of carbon dioxide (CO{sub 2}) and methane (CH{sub 4}), and it updates records reported in the first issue. New data for other trace atmospheric gases have been included in this issue; historical data on nitrous oxide (N{sub 2}) from ice cores, modern records of atmospheric concentrations of chlorofluorocarbons (CFC-11 and CFC-12) and N{sub 2}O, and estimates of global estimates of CFC-11 and CFC-12. The estimates for global and national CO{sub 2} emissions from the burning of fossil fuels, the production of cement, and gas flaring have been revised and updated. Regional CO{sub 2} emission estimates have been added, and long-term temperature records have been updated and expanded. Data records are presented in four- to six-page formats, each dealing with a specific site, region, or emissions species. The data records include tables and graphs; discussion of methods for collecting, measuring, and reporting the data; trends in the data; and references to literature that provides further information. All data appearing in the document are available on digital media from the Carbon Dioxide Information Analysis Center.

Boden, T.A.; Sepanski, R.J.; Stoss, F.W. (eds.)

1991-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "development trends depicted" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


441

Abstraction and depiction of sparsely scanned outdoor environments  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper describes various techniques and applications of rendering three-dimensionally digitized outdoor en- vironments in non-photorealistic rendering styles. The difficulty in rendering outdoor environments is accommodating their inaccuracy, incompleteness, ...

Hui Xu; Nathan Gossett; Baoquan Chen

2005-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

442

Extracting and depicting the 3D shape of specular surfaces  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Many materials including water, plastic and metal have specular surface characteristics. Specular reflections have commonly been considered a nuisance for the recovery of object shape. However, the way that reflections are distorted across the surface ... Keywords: 3D shape perception, model of cortical form processing, non-photorealistic rendering

Ulrich Weidenbacher; Pierre Bayerl; Roland Fleming; Heiko Neumann

2005-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

443

Controllable computer graphics for compelling depiction and animation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A full-length feature film such as Pixar's Toy Story, or the award-winning educational programs such as Walking with Dinosaurs, require a production time of several years and draw on the full-time efforts of several hundred ...

Durand, Frdo

444

An Automated Method for Depicting Mesocyclone Paths and Intensities  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The location and intensity of mesocyclone circulations can be tracked in real time by accumulating azimuthal shear values over time at every location of a uniform spatial grid. Azimuthal shear at low (03 km AGL) and midlevels (36 km AGL) of the ...

Madison L. Miller; Valliappa Lakshmanan; Travis M. Smith

2013-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

445

Wind Power Development in the United States: Current Progress, Future Trends  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

also concludes that the integration of 20% wind into U.S.and integration costs, Figure 4 provides a supply curve for wind

Wiser, Ryan H

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

446

Current technologies and trends in the development of gyros used in navigation applications: a review  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper is a study of the present sensors accuracy, of the current state of miniaturization and of the current technology options available for inertial sensors and integrated Inertial Navigation Systems (INS). This paper will attempt to explore the ... Keywords: applications, gyros, inertial navigation, technology

I. R. Edu; R. Obreja; T. L. Grigorie

2011-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

447

Wind Power Development in the United States: Current Progress, Future Trends  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

2008. 20% Wind Energy by 2030: Increasing Wind Energysof U.S. electricity needs by 2030 (U.S. DOE 2008). The papers electricity supply needs by 2030. Not surprisingly, the

Wiser, Ryan H

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

448

Trend of Geothermal Development and Utilization for the Year of 1979  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

In 1979, all geothermal power plants were in successful operation with the performance records as shown in Table 1. Among these plants, Hatchobaru Geothermal Power Plant (No. 172 in Figure 1) had an insufficient steam output at the commencement of operation, thus allowing a licensed capacity of less than 50 MW for the facilities, but new wells were dug successively and licensed capacity was raised to 48 MW in the latter half of 1979. Thereafter it reached 50 MW in March and then 52 MW in April of 1980 as steam production wells became complete. Operation factor exceeded 90 percent for each plant, going in the neighborhood of 100 percent. Load factor was also more than 80 percent for every plant except Otake Geothermal Power Plant (No. 172 in the figure) which had a decrease in load factor due to periodic repairs, thus recording far higher factors than those of other conventional thermal or nuclear power plants. At present, Mori Geothermal Power Plant (tentative name, No. 110 in the figure) located in the southern part of Hokkaido where several steam production wells have been completed, is under construction with an aim of starting operation in 1981. Japan Metals and Chemicals Co.,Ltd, is constructing the steam generating facilities and Hokkaido Electric Power Co., Inc. is building the power plant. The installed capacity is estimated at 50 MW. To this end, 14 production wells and 7 injection wells are to be dug.

Iga, Hideo; Baba, K.

1980-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

449

Wind Power Development in the United States: Current Progress, Future Trends  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

system that relies heavily on wind. 5. References U.S.Department of Energy (DOE). 2008. 20% Wind Energy by2030: Increasing Wind Energys Contribution to U.S.

Wiser, Ryan H

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

450

Wind Power Development in the United States: Current Progress, Future Trends  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of Commercial Operation (COD) 2007 Capacity Factor InstalledAverage 2007 Capacity Factor, by COD Individual Project 2007Capacity Factor, by COD Individual Project Cost, by COD

Wiser, Ryan H

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

451

Wind Power Development in the United States: Current Progress, Future Trends  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Natural Gas Coal Other Driving the growth in the U.S. are a number of factors, including promotional policies.

Wiser, Ryan H

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

452

Wind Power Development in the United States: Current Progress, Future Trends  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

to lower the cost of offshore wind power, and incrementallyinstalled offshore. From 2018 to 2030, roughly 16 GW of wind

Wiser, Ryan H

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

453

The pricing of wireless phone services in the USA: issues and development trends  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The growth of wireless phone subscribers in recent years contributes to the myriad of service packages offered by the providers. With the increase of service capabilities, the fee usually increases. Often, the service terms are complicated, and the factors ... Keywords: CLEC, E911, FCC, ILEC, MTSO, USA, USF, United States, WTB, call plans, cell phones, consumers, customers, handoffs, itemised billing, local exchange carriers, mobile communications, mobile phones, packages, policy makers, pricing structures, roaming, service providers, wireless phone services

Young B. Choi; Travis C. Bache; Liza L. Hill

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

454

Wind Power Development in the United States: Current Progress, Future Trends  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

and India. The technology has matured and, in good windWind Power Capacity Incremental Capacity (2007, MW) United States China Spain Germany India

Wiser, Ryan H

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

455

Development and application of a heuristic to assess trends in API documentation  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Computer technology has made amazing advances in the past few decades; however, the software documentation of today still looks strikingly similar to the software documentation used 30 years ago. If this continues into the 21st century, more and more ... Keywords: API, API reference documentation, application programming interface, software documentation, software libraries

Robert B. Watson

2012-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

456

Wind Power Development in the United States: Current Progress, Future Trends  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Cost of Natural Gas Combined Cycle Wholesale Price Range foroffsets both coal and combined-cycle natural gas usage, but

Wiser, Ryan H

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

457

Wind Power Development in the United States: Current Progress, Future Trends  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

U.S. Department of Energy (DOE). 2008. 20% Wind Energy by2030: Increasing Wind Energys Contribution to U.S.costs of achieving 20% wind energy are projected to be

Wiser, Ryan H

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

458

EIA - Annual Energy Outlook 2007 with Projections to 2030 - Market Trends-  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Energy Demand Energy Demand Annual Energy Outlook 2007 with Projections to 2030 Energy Demand Figure 33. Energy use per capita and per dollar of gross domestic product, 1980-2030 (index, 1980 = 1). Need help, contact the National Energyi Information Center at 202-586-8800. figure data Figure 34. Primary energy use by fuel, 2005-2030 (quadrillion Btu). Need help, contact the National Energyi Information Center at 202-586-8800. figure data Average Energy Use per Person Increases Through 2030 The future path of U.S. energy demand will depend on trends in population, economic growth, energy prices, and technology adoption. AEO2007 cases developed to illustrate the uncertainties associated with those factors include low and high economic growth cases, low and high price cases, and

459

ESCO market and industry trends: Updated results from the NAESCO database project  

SciTech Connect

Today's U.S. energy efficiency services industry is one of the most successful examples of private sector energy efficiency services in the world, yet little empirical information is available on the actual market activity of this industry. LBNL, together with the National Association of Energy Services Companies (NAESCO), has compiled the most comprehensive dataset of the energy efficiency services industry: nearly 1,500 case studies of energy efficiency projects. Our analysis of these projects helps shed light on some of the conventional wisdom regarding industry performance and evolution. We report key statistics about typical projects and industry trends that will aid state, federal, and international policymakers, and other investors interested in the development of a private sector energy efficiency services industry.

Osborn, Julie G.; Goldman, Charles A.; Hopper, Nicole C.

2001-10-15T23:59:59.000Z

460

Gateway:Low Emission Development Strategies | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Low Emission Development Strategies Low Emission Development Strategies (Redirected from LEDS Pathways Analysis) Jump to: navigation, search Leds-Graphics 03.PNG Low Emission Development Strategies (LEDS) Gateway This website supports the creation and implementation of country-driven, analytically rigorous low emission development strategies (LEDS). LEDS will enable countries to transition to low carbon economic development resulting in sustained growth in employment and investment, increased financial flows through carbon markets, reduced greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions, and other social, economic, and environmental benefits. The resources here are designed to help you create your own LEDS. We've assembled several toolkits and resources and a sample process for developing a LEDS based on proven best practices. The process is depicted in the diagram to your left, which also lets you navigate through the site. Start with the overview of the LEDS process, or go directly to one of the five major process phases:

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "development trends depicted" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


461

Gateway:Low Emission Development Strategies | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Low Emission Development Strategies Low Emission Development Strategies (Redirected from LEDS) Jump to: navigation, search Leds-Graphics 03.PNG Low Emission Development Strategies (LEDS) Gateway This website supports the creation and implementation of country-driven, analytically rigorous low emission development strategies (LEDS). LEDS will enable countries to transition to low carbon economic development resulting in sustained growth in employment and investment, increased financial flows through carbon markets, reduced greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions, and other social, economic, and environmental benefits. The resources here are designed to help you create your own LEDS. We've assembled several toolkits and resources and a sample process for developing a LEDS based on proven best practices. The process is depicted in the diagram to your left, which also lets you navigate through the site. Start with the overview of the LEDS process, or go directly to one of the five major process phases:

462

Trend Change Detection in NDVI Time Series: Effects of Inter-Annual Variability and Methodology  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Abstract: Changing trends in ecosystem productivity can be quantified using satellite observations of Normalized Difference Vegetation Index (NDVI). However, the estimation of trends from NDVI time series differs substantially depending on analyzed satellite dataset, the corresponding spatiotemporal resolution, and the applied statistical method. Here we compare the performance of a wide range of trend estimation methods and demonstrate that performance decreases with increasing inter-annual variability in the NDVI time series. Trend slope estimates based on annual aggregated time series or based on a seasonal-trend model show better performances than methods that remove the seasonal cycle of the time series. A breakpoint detection analysis reveals that an overestimation of breakpoints in NDVI trends can result in wrong or even opposite trend estimates. Based on our results, we give practical recommendations for the application of trend methods on long-term NDVI time series. Particularly, we apply and compare different methods on NDVI time series in Alaska, where both greening and browning trends have been previously observed. Here, the multi-method uncertainty of NDVI trendsRemote Sens. 2013, 5 2114

Matthias Forkel; Nuno Carvalhais; Jan Verbesselt; Miguel D. Mahecha; Christopher S. R. Neigh; Markus Reichstein

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

463

Trends in emissions of acidifying species in Asia, 1985-1997.  

SciTech Connect

Acid deposition is a serious problem throughout much of Asia. Emissions of sulfur dioxide (SO{sub 2}) and nitrogen oxides (NO{sub x}) have been increasing steadily, as nations strive to increase their levels of economic development. Coal and fuel oil have been the main choices for powering industrial development; and, until recently, only a few countries (notably Japan and Taiwan) had taken significant steps to avert the atmospheric emissions that accompany fuel combustion. This paper discusses trends in emissions of SO{sub 2} and NO{sub x} that have occurred in Asian countries in the period 1985--1997, using results from the RAINS-ASIA computer model and energy-use trends from the IEA Energy Statistics and Balances database. Emissions of SO{sub 2} in Asia grew from 26.6 Tg in 1985 to 33.7 Tg in 1990 and to 39.2 Tg in 1997. Though SO{sub 2} emissions used to grow as fast as fossil-fuel use, recent limitations on the sulfur content of coal and oil have slowed the growth. The annual-average emissions growth between 1990 and 1997 was only 1.1%, considerably less than the economic growth rate. Emissions of NO{sub x}, on the other hand, continue to grow rapidly, from 14.1 Tg in 1985 to 18.7 Tg in 1990 and 28.5 Tg in 1997, with no signs of abating. Thus, though SO{sub 2} remains the major contributor to acidifying emissions in Asia, the role of NO{sub x}, will become more and more important in the future.

Streets, D. G.; Tsai, N. Y.; Akimoto, H.; Oka, K.

2000-05-31T23:59:59.000Z

464

Annual Energy Outlook with Projections to 2025-Market Trends - Carbon  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Carbon Dioxide Emissions Carbon Dioxide Emissions Annual Energy Outlook 2004 with Projections to 2025 Market Trends - Carbon Dioxide Emissions Index (click to jump links) Carbon Dioxide Emissions Emissions from Electricity Generation Carbon Dioxide Emissions Higher Energy Consumption Forecast Increases Carbon Dioxide Emissions Figure 115. Carbon dioxide emissions by sector and fuel, 1990-2025 (million metric tons). Having problems, call our National Energy Information Center at 202-586-8800 for help. Figure data Carbon dioxide emissions from energy use are projected to increase on average by 1.5 percent per year from 2002 to 2025, to 8,142 million metric tons (Figure 115). Emissions per capita are projected to grow by 0.7 percent per year from 2002 to 2025. Carbon dioxide emissions in the residential sector, including emissions

465

Household Vehicles Energy Use: Latest Data & Trends  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

This page left blank. This page left blank. E N E R G Y O V E RV I E W ENERGY INFORMATION ADMINISTRATION/HOUSEHOLD VEHICLES ENERGY USE: LATEST DATA & TRENDS ENERGY OVERVIEW E N E R G Y O V E RV I E W INTRODUCTION Author's Note Estimates of gallons of fuel consumed, type of fuel used, price paid for fuel, and fuel economy are based on data imputed by EIA, using vehicle characteristics and vehicle-miles traveled data collected during the interview process for the 2001 National Household Travel Survey (NHTS). Rather than obtaining that information directly from fuel purchase diaries, EIA exploited its experience and expertise with modeling techniques for transportation studies, filling missing and uncollected data with information reported to other federal agencies, as described in Appendices

466

Thin-Film Reliability Trends Toward Improved Stability  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Long-term, stable performance of photovoltaic (PV) modules will be increasingly important to their successful penetration of the power grid. This paper summarizes more than 150 thin-film and more than 1700 silicon PV degradation rates (R{sub d}) quoted in publications for locations worldwide. Partitioning the literature results by technology and date of installation statistical analysis shows an improvement in degradation rate especially for thin-film technologies in the last decade. A CIGS array deployed at NREL for more than 5 years that appears to be stable supports the literature trends. Indoor and outdoor data indicate undetectable change in performance (0.2 {+-} 0.2 %/yr). One module shows signs of slight degradation from what appears to be an initial manufacturing defect, however it has not affected the overall system performance.

Jordan, D. C.; Kurtz, S. R.

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

467

Annual Energy Outlook with Projections to 2025 - Market Trends- Carbon  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Carbon Dioxide Emissions Carbon Dioxide Emissions Annual Energy Outlook 2005 Market Trends - Carbon Dioxide Emissions Higher Energy Consumption Forecast Increases Carbon Dioxide Emissions Figure 110. Carbon dioxide emissions by sector and fuel, 2003 and 2025 (million metric tons). Having problems, call our National Energy Information Center at 202-586-8800 for help. Figure data Carbon dioxide emissions from energy use are projected to increase on average by 1.5 percent per year from 2003 to 2025, to 8,062 million metric tons (Figure 110). Emissions per capita are projected to grow by 0.7 percent per year. New carbon dioxide mitigation programs, more rapid improvements in technology, or more rapid adoption of voluntary programs could result in lower emissions levels than projected here.

468

Annual Energy Outlook with Projections to 2025 - Market Trends  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Market Drivers Market Drivers Annual Energy Outlook 2005 Market Trends - Market Drivers Strong Economic Growth Is Expected To Continue Figure 35. Average annual growth rates of real GDP and economic factors, 1995-2025 (percent). Having problems, call our National Energy Information Center at 202-586-8800 for help. Figure data The output of the Nation’s economy, measured by GDP, is projected to grow by 3.1 percent per year between 2003 and 2025 (with GDP based on 2000 chain-weighted dollars) (Figure 35). The labor force is projected to increase by 0.9 percent per year between 2003 and 2025. Labor productivity growth in the nonfarm business sector is projected at 2.2 percent per year. Compared with the second half of the 1990s, the rates of growth in GDP and nonfarm employment were lower from 2000 through 2002. Economic growth has

469

Annual Energy Outlook with Projections to 2025 - Market Trends- Electricity  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Electricity Demand and Supply Electricity Demand and Supply Annual Energy Outlook 2005 Market Trends - Electricity Demand and Supply Continued Growth in Electricity Use Is Expected in All Sectors Figure 66. Annual electricity sales by sector, 1970-2025 (billion kilowatthours). Having problems, call our National Energy Information Center at 202-586-8800 for help. Figure data Total electricity sales are projected to increase at an average annual rate of 1.9 percent in the AEO2005 reference case, from 3,481 billion kilowatthours in 2003 to 5,220 billion kilowatthours in 2025 (Figure 66). From 2003 to 2025, annual growth in electricity sales is projected to average 1.6 percent in the residential sector, 2.5 percent in the commercial sector, and 1.3 percent in the industrial sector.

470

LBNL-5268E An Examination of Temporal Trends  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

68E 68E An Examination of Temporal Trends in Electricity Reliability Based on Reports from U.S. Electric Utilities Joseph H. Eto, Kristina Hamachi LaCommare, Peter Larsen, Annika Todd, and Emily Fisher January 2012 The work described in this report was funded by the Office of Electricity Delivery and Energy Reliability of the U.S. Department of Energy under Contract No. DE-AC02- 05CH11231. ERNEST ORLANDO LAWRENCE BERKELEY NATIONAL LABORATORY Disclaimer This document was prepared as an account of work sponsored by the United States Government. While this document is believed to contain correct information, neither the United States Government nor any agency thereof, nor The Regents of the University of California, nor any of their employees, makes any warranty, express or

471

Annual Energy Outlook with Projections to 2025 - Market Trends- Energy  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Energy Demand Energy Demand Annual Energy Outlook 2005 Market Trends - Energy Demand Figure 42. Energy use per capita and per dollar of gross domestic product, 1970-2025 (index, 1970 = 1). Having problems, call our National Energy Information Center at 202-586-8800 for help. Figure data Average Energy Use per Person Increases in the Forecast Energy intensity, as measured by energy use per 2000 dollar of GDP, is projected to decline at an average annual rate of 1.6 percent, with efficiency gains and structural shifts in the economy offsetting growth in demand for energy services (Figure 42). The projected rate of decline falls between the average rate of 2.3 percent from 1970 through 1986, when energy prices increased in real terms, and the 0.7-percent rate from 1986 through

472

Thin-Film Reliability Trends Toward Improved Stability: Preprint  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Long-term, stable performance of photovoltaic (PV) modules will be increasingly important to their successful penetration of the power grid. This paper summarizes more than 150 thin-film and more than 1700 silicon PV degradation rates (Rd) quoted in publications for locations worldwide. Partitioning the literature results by technology and date of installation statistical analysis shows an improvement in degradation rate especially for thin-film technologies in the last decade. A CIGS array deployed at NREL for more than 5 years that appears to be stable supports the literature trends. Indoor and outdoor data indicate undetectable change in performance (0.2+/-0.2 %/yr). One module shows signs of slight degradation from what appears to be an initial manufacturing defect, however it has not affected the overall system performance.

Jordan, D. C.; Kurtz, S. R.

2011-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

473

Simulation of the Lattice QCD and Technological Trends in Computation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Simulation of Lattice QCD is a challenging computational problem. Currently, technological trends in computation show multiple divergent models of computation. We are witnessing homogeneous multi-core architectures, the use of accelerator on-chip or off-chip, in addition to the traditional architectural models. On the verge of this technological abundance, assessing the performance trade-offs of computing nodes based on these technologies is of crucial importance to many scientific computing applications. In this study, we focus on assessing the efficiency and the performance expected for the Lattice QCD problem on representative architectures and we project the expected improvement on these architectures and their impact on performance for Lattice QCD. We additionally try to pinpoint the limiting factors for performance on these architectures.

K. Ibrahim; J. Jaeger; Z. Liu; L. N. Pouchet; P. Lesnicki; L. Djoudi; D. Barthou; F. Bodin; C. Eisenbeis; G. Grosdidier; O. Pene; P. Roudeau

2008-08-04T23:59:59.000Z

474

Wind Power Price Trends in the United States  

SciTech Connect

For the fourth year in a row, the United States led the world in adding new wind power capacity in 2008, and also surpassed Germany to take the lead in terms of cumulative installed wind capacity. The rapid growth of wind power in the U.S. over the past decade (Figure 1) has been driven by a combination of increasingly supportive policies (including the Federal production tax credit (PTC) and a growing number of state renewables portfolio standards), uncertainty over the future fuel costs and environmental liabilities of natural gas and coal-fired power plants, and wind's competitive position among generation resources. This article focuses on just the last of these drivers - i.e., trends in U.S. wind power prices - over the period of strong capacity growth since 1998.

Bolinger, Mark; Wiser, Ryan

2009-07-15T23:59:59.000Z

475

Detection of trend changes in time series using Bayesian inference  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Change points in time series are perceived as isolated singularities where two regular trends of a given signal do not match. The detection of such transitions is of fundamental interest for the understanding of the system's internal dynamics. In practice observational noise makes it difficult to detect such change points in time series. In this work we elaborate a Bayesian method to estimate the location of the singularities and to produce some confidence intervals. We validate the ability and sensitivity of our inference method by estimating change points of synthetic data sets. As an application we use our algorithm to analyze the annual flow volume of the Nile River at Aswan from 1871 to 1970, where we confirm a well-established significant transition point within the time series.

Schtz, Nadine

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

476

Household Vehicles Energy Use: Latest Data & Trends  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

E E N E R G Y O V E RV I E W ENERGY INFORMATION ADMINISTRATION/HOUSEHOLD VEHICLES ENERGY USE: LATEST DATA & TRENDS ENERGY OVERVIEW E N E R G Y O V E RV I E W INTRODUCTION Author's Note Estimates of gallons of fuel consumed, type of fuel used, price paid for fuel, and fuel economy are based on data imputed by EIA, using vehicle characteristics and vehicle-miles traveled data collected during the interview process for the 2001 National Household Travel Survey (NHTS). Rather than obtaining that information directly from fuel purchase diaries, EIA exploited its experience and expertise with modeling techniques for transportation studies, filling missing and uncollected data with information reported to other federal agencies, as described in Appendices B and C of this report.

477

Scoping study on trends in the economic value of electricity reliability to the U.S. economy  

SciTech Connect

During the past three years, working with more than 150 organizations representing public and private stakeholders, EPRI has developed the Electricity Technology Roadmap. The Roadmap identifies several major strategic challenges that must be successfully addressed to ensure a sustainable future in which electricity continues to play an important role in economic growth. Articulation of these anticipated trends and challenges requires a detailed understanding of the role and importance of reliable electricity in different sectors of the economy. This report is intended to contribute to that understanding by analyzing key aspects of trends in the economic value of electricity reliability in the U.S. economy. We first present a review of recent literature on electricity reliability costs. Next, we describe three distinct end-use approaches for tracking trends in reliability needs: (1) an analysis of the electricity-use requirements of office equipment in different commercial sectors; (2) an examination of the use of aggregate statistical indicators of industrial electricity use and economic activity to identify high reliability-requirement customer market segments; and (3) a case study of cleanrooms, which is a cross-cutting market segment known to have high reliability requirements. Finally, we present insurance industry perspectives on electricity reliability as an example of a financial tool for addressing customers' reliability needs.

Eto, Joseph; Koomey, Jonathan; Lehman, Bryan; Martin, Nathan; Mills, Evan; Webber, Carrie; Worrell, Ernst

2001-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

478

Implications of Long-Term Trends in the Energy Efficiency of Computing and  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Implications of Long-Term Trends in the Energy Efficiency of Computing and Implications of Long-Term Trends in the Energy Efficiency of Computing and Communications Speaker(s): Jonathan Koomey Date: November 14, 2012 - 4:00pm Location: 90-3122 Seminar Host/Point of Contact: Alan Meier Long-standing trends in the energy efficiency of computing promise an explosion in data collected from mobile sensors, controls, and portable computing devices. This talk will describe the research that revealed those efficiency trends and the implications of those trends for our ability to understand and respond to the world around us. The talk will also summarize work in progress characterizing related trends in mobile communications, sensors, batteries, and energy harvesting. A recording of this talk will be available on the UCB Energy and Resources

479

U-263: Trend Micro InterScan Messaging Security Flaws Permit Cross-Site  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

3: Trend Micro InterScan Messaging Security Flaws Permit 3: Trend Micro InterScan Messaging Security Flaws Permit Cross-Site Scripting and Cross-Site Request Forgery Attacks U-263: Trend Micro InterScan Messaging Security Flaws Permit Cross-Site Scripting and Cross-Site Request Forgery Attacks September 19, 2012 - 6:00am Addthis PROBLEM: Trend Micro InterScan Messaging Security Flaws Permit Cross-Site Scripting and Cross-Site Request Forgery Attacks PLATFORM: 7.1-Build_Win32_1394; possibly other versions ABSTRACT: A vulnerability was reported in Trend Micro InterScan Messaging Security. reference LINKS: US CERT Vulnerability Note VU#471364 SecurityTracker Alert ID: 1027544 CVE-2012-2995 CVE-2012-2996 Micro Trend IMPACT ASSESSMENT: Medium Discussion: Several scripts do not properly filter HTML code from user-supplied input

480

Microsoft Word - Workforce Trends Report to Congress_090706_FINAL.doc  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

August 2006 August 2006 A REPORT TO THE UNITED STATES CONGRESS PURSUANT TO SECTION 1101 OF THE ENERGY POLICY ACT OF 2005 WORKFORCE TRENDS IN THE ELECTRIC UTILITY INDUSTRY U.S. Department of Energy Workforce Trends in the Electric Utility Industry iii SEC. 1101. WORKFORCE TRENDS AND TRAINEESHIP GRANTS *** (b) WORKFORCE TRENDS. - (1) MONITORING. - The Secretary, in consultation with, and using data collected by, the Secretary of Labor, shall monitor trends in the workforce of- (A) skilled technical personnel that support energy technology industries; and (B) electric power and transmission engineers. (2) REPORT ON TRENDS. - Not later than 1 year after the date of enactment of this Act, the Secretary shall submit to Congress a

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481

Unexpected increasing AOT trends over northwest Bay of Bengal in the early postmonsoon season  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The main point of our study is that aerosol trends can be created by changes in meteorology without changes in aerosol source strength. Over the 10 year period 20002009, in October, Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer (MODIS) showed strong increasing aerosol optical thickness (AOT) trends of approximately 14% yr-1 over northwest Bay of Bengal (BoB) in the absence of AOT trends over the east of the Indian subcontinent. This was unexpected because sources of anthropogenic pollution were located over the Indian subcontinent and aerosol transport from the Indian subcontinent to northwest BoB was carried out by prevailing winds. In October, winds over the east of the Indian subcontinent were stronger than winds over northwest BoB, which resulted in wind convergence and accumulation of aerosol particles over northwest BoB. Moreover, there was an increasing trend in wind convergence over northwest BoB. This led to increasing trends in the accumulation of aerosol particles over northwest BoB and, consequently, to strong AOT trends over this area. In contrast to October, November showed no increasing AOT trends over northwest BoB or the nearby Indian subcontinent. The lack of AOT trends over northwest BoB corresponds to a lack of trends in wind convergence in that region. Finally, December domestic heating by the growing population resulted in positive AOT trends of similar magnitude over land and sea. Our findings illustrate that in order to explain and predict trends in regional aerosol loading, meteorological trends should be taken into consideration together with changes in aerosol source strength.

Kishcha, P.; Starobinets, B.; Long, Charles N.; Alpert, P.

2012-12-13T23:59:59.000Z

482

Two Decades of U.S. Household Trends in Energy-Intensity ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

This paper looks at two decades of energyintensity trends. Energy intensity measures are often used as a measure of energy efficiency and its change over time.

483

Letting The Sun Shine On Solar Costs: An Empirical Investigation Of Photovoltaic Cost Trends In California  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

PHOTOVOLTAIC COST TRENDS IN CALIFORNIA Ryan Wiser Lawrencein the United States: California. We find that: (1) solarof PV system costs in California. Through mid-November 2005,

Wiser, Ryan; Bolinger, Mark; Cappers, Peter; Margolis, Robert

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

484

Natural Gas 1998: Issues and Trends - U.S. Energy Information ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Natural Gas Issues & Trends: 1998. Naruc Winter Conference. Click here to start. This presentation was given before the National Association of Regulatory Utility ...

485

Understanding Wind Turbine Price Trends in the U.S. Over the Past Decade  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

kW) Orders from 100-300 MW Orders >300 MW Vestas orders (worldwide) Polynomial trend line Recent wind turbine

Bolinger, Mark

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

486

Automobility in India: A Study of Car Acquisition and Ownership Trends in the City of Surat  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Size Category of Car Owned . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .Trends in sales of cars of different sizes, 2001-and other countries . . . . . . . . . . Car size segments in

Banerjee, Ipsita

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

487

Measuring Trends In Riverbed Gradation: A Lower Mississippi River Case Study.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??The trends of degradation and aggradation are measured in this study for the Lower Mississippi River. Historical riverbed elevation and stage data from the past (more)

Clauson, Karen D

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

488

Well blowout rates in California Oil and Gas District 4--Update and Trends  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

District stabilised at the quadrennial average at the end ofTrends The annual and quadrennial average number of steamevents Total annual Total quadrennial average Modified from

Benson, Sally M.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

489

Phytoplankton in the Upper San Francisco Estuary: Recent Biomass Trends, Their Causes and Their Trophic Significance  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

flow on the succession and biomass of phytoplankton in acontrol phy- toplankton biomass in south San Francisco Bay?Francisco Estuary: Recent Biomass Trends, Their Causes and

Jassby, Alan

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

490

U.S. Natural Gas Imports and Exports: Issues and Trends 2005  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

closely follow price trends at U.S. markets. ... 20 years, while Algerias Sonatrach, Suez North America, and Merrill Lynch Commodities are also nearing final

491

Recent Trends in Natural Gas Spot Prices - U.S. Energy ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

trends in recent years and provides an indication of current market conditions in the East Consuming Region ... This compares with a price of $2.20 per5

492

Trends in the cost of efficiency for appliances and consumer electronics  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

and costs, and includes projections of annual shipments,calibrate future shipment projections in the NIA. Figure 1the default price trend projection. The resulting experience

Desroches, Louis-Benoit

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

493

Trends of Wind and Wind Power Over the Coterminous United States.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??The trends of wind and wind power at a typical wind turbine hub height (80 m) are analyzed using the North American Regional Reanalysis (NARR) (more)

Holt, Eric M

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

494

CCI/CLIVAR Workshop to Develop Priority Climate Indices  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Africa remains an area of relatively little analysis of long-term variability and trends in climate extremes. In February 2001 a workshop on developing climate indices using daily climate data was held in Casablanca, Morocco. The workshop was ...

David R. Easterling; Lisa V. Alexander; Abdallah Mokssit; Valery Detemmerman

2003-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

495

Wind Energy Developments: Incentives In Selected Countries  

Reports and Publications (EIA)

This paper discusses developments in wind energy for the countries with significant wind capacity. After a brief overview of world capacity, it examines development trends, beginning with the United States - the number one country in wind electric generation capacity until 1997.

Information Center

1999-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

496

Raw material sources for the long-chain omega-3 market:Trends and sustainability. Part 1.  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The scientific and popular press is awash in headlines and articles depicting the impending collapse of the global wild fisheries. Headlines such as "Oceans in Peril," "Ocean Life Fading, What Can Be Done?" "The Fishing Catastrophe and What We Can Do About

497

Energy availabilities for state and local development: 1974 data volume  

SciTech Connect

This report is one of a continuing series developed by ORNL with financial support from the Economic Development Administration to present the supply, demand, and net imports of seven fuel types for four final consuming sectors of BEAs, states, census regions, and the nation in 1973. The data are formatted to present regional energy availability from primary extraction as well as from regional transformation processes. As constructed, the tables depict energy balances between availability and use for each of the specific fuels. The long-term objective of the program is to pinpoint those regions where economic development potentials will most likely be affected by the availability of energy. This information coupled with specific knowledge of projected economic growth and employment distribution patterns can assist EDA in developing its grant-in-aid investment strategy.

Vogt, D. P.; Rice, P. L.; Pai, V. P.

1977-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

498

Trends In U.S. Electric Power Transmission  

SciTech Connect

The report provides an overview of the changes that are occurring in the industry to implement the goals of improved reliability and reduced congestion costs. As the electric industry works to become a more efficient market, transmission stands as a key link between the competitive generation and the regulated distribution sectors. In this role as a key link, transmission is a major focus of government efforts to improve reliability and reduce congestion costs. The scope of the report is to analyze the dominant reliability, investment, siting, and competition/open access trends that are occurring in the domestic electric transmission industry. Topics covered include: the impact of the 2003 Northeast blackout on reliability rules; the move from voluntary to mandatory reliability standards; the advent of real-time transmission system monitoring; ISO/RTO efforts to improve system reliability; the drivers of government intervention in transmission investment; the move towards incentive-based rates for transmission investment; legislative and regulatory efforts to spur transmission investment to support renewable energy resources; the emergence of merchant transmission; the need for federal backstop authority on regional transmission projects; the designation of national interest electric transmission corridors; FERC Orders on siting transmission; the need for changes in open access and competition regulations; FERC efforts to increase open access and competition; legislative efforts to increase competition; and, current competitive issues in the industry.

NONE

2007-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

499

Labor market trends for nuclear engineers through 2000  

SciTech Connect

Throughout most of the 1980s, both private organizations and government agencies were concerned about the availability of an adequate supply of qualified nuclear engineers. This concern was primarily the result of a number of nuclear engineering academic programs being eliminated coupled with a continuous decline in graduate and undergraduate enrollments and degrees. By the early 1990s, the number of degrees and available supply had declined to new lows, but cutbacks in funding for the nuclear weapons program and nuclear energy R&D, and in hiring by the electric utility industry, offset in large measure the declining supply. Recently, concerns about environment and waste management and about nuclear safety have again generated questions about the adequacy of supply of qualified personnel for nuclear energy activities. This report briefly examines the nuclear engineering labor market. Trends in employment, new graduates, job openings, and salaries are reviewed as a basis for understanding the current labor market. This review is then used as a basis for assessing future employment needs and new graduate supply to provide an outlook for future labor market conditions through 2000.

Seltzer, N.; Blair, L.M.; Baker, J.G.

1995-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

500

Selling green power in California: Product, industry, and market trends  

SciTech Connect

As one of the first US stages to open its doors to retail electric competition, California offers an important opportunity to assess the effectiveness of green power marketing as a mechanism for supporting renewable energy. This report is an interim assessment of key green power product, industry, and market trends in California. The report identifies and analyzes: the potential size of the green power market in California; the companies participating in the green power market; the green power products being offered and their prices; the impact of the green market on renewable generators and the environment; and the influence of several public policies and non-governmental programs on the market for green power. Data used in this paper have been collected, in large part, from surveys and interviews with green power marketers that took place between December 1997 and April 1998. There remain legitimate concerns over the viability of green power marketing to support significant quantities of renewable energy and provide large environmental gains, and it is far too early to assess the overall strength of customer demand for renewable energy. A critical finding of this report is that, because of the high cost of acquiring and servicing residential customers and the low utility default service price, green power marketing affords new energy service providers one of the only viable entrees to California`s residential marketplace.

Wiser, R.H.; Pickle, S.J.

1998-05-01T23:59:59.000Z