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Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "development trends depicted" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


1

Identifying recent trends in nanomedicine development  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Medical nanotechnology is a recent emerging field with the intention to improve human health. The creation and rapid expansion of nanomedicine as a new research field in the last decade is the result of nanotechnology's convergence with biology, genetics, biochemistry, chemistry, physics, pharmacology and medicine. Within nanomedicine, two major categories have emerged: diagnostics (imaging) and therapeutics (drug delivery). Each of these branches has several nanoparticle types that are actively under research and development. While nanomedicine research and use of various nanoparticles in new applications have been categorised and reviewed for their potential utility in medicine, there has been little context of the emerging trends within nanomedicine or how the field is progressing. This article presents an overview of the trends for nanomedicine that are developing over time as measured by examining peer review research literature and patent databases.

Shalu Darshan; Michael G. Tyshenko

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

2

Development and trends in HVOF spraying technology  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Three actual trends in development of HVOF spraying technology are described and discussed. The trends concern application fields as well as gun and feedstock characteristics. At the example of demountable draw bars it is shown that HVOF sprayed cermet coatings are capable to protect light weight material components subject to dynamical load against wear without detraction of fatigue strength. Personnel and production time savings can be exploited. High deposition efficiency at considerable powder feed rate, high density and negligible oxygen content in corrosion protective iron or nickel based coatings is achieved for spraying with newly developed HVOF guns operating at increased combustion chamber pressures. Also spraying of highly reactive materials like titanium under atmospheric conditions becomes feasible. A major obstacle for industrial use of respective coatings is the lack of adapted characterisation methods that permit to ascertain corrosion protective function. Ultrafine powder feedstock is used in order to reduce overall costs of wear protective cermet coatings due to the possibility to finish coatings by comparatively cheap belt grinding. However, it is shown that the replacement of coatings produced with conventional powder size fractions requires careful consideration of the particular tribological system. While cermet coatings produced with ultrafine powders outperform conventional coatings for sliding wear conditions, their capability to withstand dry abrasive wear stress is poor. The benefits concerning coating production costs may be outweighed by significantly decreased component life time.

Bernhard Wielage; Andreas Wank; Hanna Pokhmurska; Thomas Grund; Christian Rupprecht; Guido Reisel; Eduard Friesen

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

3

Electricity and Development: Global Trends and Key Challenges  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Electricity and Development: Global Trends and Key Challenges Romeo Pacudan, PhD Risoe National · Prospects for electricity development · Investment requirements · Key challenges · Final remarks #12 and the transport burden in Tanzania. Source: Modi, 2004 #12;2. Energy and Human Development Access to electricity

4

WEB N.0, THE NEW DEVELOPMENT TREND OF INTERNET  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

energy which can be equal to the mainstream market. The internet provides a good groundWEB N.0, THE NEW DEVELOPMENT TREND OF INTERNET Zhiguo Sun, Wensheng Wang Agricultural Information: This article analyzes the Internet basic theory, the network foundation environment and the user behavior

Boyer, Edmond

5

USAID-Energy Trends in Developing Asia: Priorities for a Low-Carbon Future  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

USAID-Energy Trends in Developing Asia: Priorities for a Low-Carbon Future USAID-Energy Trends in Developing Asia: Priorities for a Low-Carbon Future Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary Name: USAID-Energy Trends in Developing Asia: Priorities for a Low-Carbon Future Agency/Company /Organization: United States Agency for International Development (USAID) Sector: Climate, Energy Focus Area: Renewable Energy, Economic Development Topics: GHG inventory, Low emission development planning, Policies/deployment programs Resource Type: Publications User Interface: Other Website: redd-net.org/resource-library/Energy+Trends+in+Developing+Asia%3A+Prio Language: English USAID-Energy Trends in Developing Asia: Priorities for a Low-Carbon Future Screenshot References: USAID-Energy Trends in Developing Asia: Priorities for a Low-Carbon Future[1]

6

An invitation to discuss computer depiction  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This paper draws from art history and perception to place computer depiction in the broader context of picture production. It highlights the often underestimated complexity of the interactions between features in the picture and features of the represented ... Keywords: computer depiction, interaction, non-photorealistic rendering, perception, visual arts

Frdo Durand

2002-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

7

Property:Depiction | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Depiction Depiction Jump to: navigation, search This is a property of type Page. It is equivalent to the well-known foaf:depiction property. Subproperties This property has the following 1 subproperty: C California Independent System Operator Pages using the property "Depiction" Showing 25 pages using this property. (previous 25) (next 25) 1 1366 Technologies + 1366.logo.jpg + 1st Light Energy, Inc. + 1stlightenergy.jpg + 2 2008 Solar Technologies Market Report + Logo doe c.jpg + 21-Century Silicon, Inc. + 21CenturySilicon-logo.png + 3 3Degrees + 3D Logo F CMYK.jpg + 3TIER + 3tier logo.png + 4 4th Day Energy + 4thdayenergy.gif + 5 5 boro biofuel + Mail.jpeg + @ @Ventures (California) + @ventures.gif + @Ventures (Massachusetts) + @ventures.gif + A A Case for Climate Neutrality: Case Studies on Moving Towards a Low Carbon Economy + UNEP.JPG +

8

Trends in electricity demand and supply in the developing countries, 1980--1990  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This report provides an overview of trends concerning electricity demand and supply in the developing countries in the 1980--1990 period, with special focus on 13 major countries for which we have assembled consistent data series. We describe the linkage between electricity demand and economic growth, the changing sectoral composition of electricity consumption, and changes in the mix of energy sources for electricity generation. We also cover trends in the efficiency of utility electricity supply with respect to power plant efficiency and own-use and delivery losses, and consider the trends in carbon dioxide emissions from electricity supply.

Meyers, S.; Campbell, C.

1992-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

9

Renewable energy sector development in the Caribbean: Current trends and lessons from history  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Renewable energy sector development in the Caribbean: Current trends and lessons from history considerations for an enabling regional energy policy framework. a r t i c l e i n f o Article history: Received Rebekah Shirley a , Daniel Kammen a,b,n a Energy and Resources Group, University of California, 310

Kammen, Daniel M.

10

Understanding the development trends of low-carbon energy technologies: A patent analysis  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Eco-innovations are being recognized as fundamental means to foster sustainable development, as well as to create new business opportunities. Nowadays, the eco-innovation concept is gaining ground within both academic and practitioner studies with the attempt to better understand the main dynamics underlying its nature and guide policymakers and companies in supporting its development. This paper contributes to the extant literature on eco-innovation by providing a comprehensive overview of the evolution of a specific type of eco-innovations that are playing a crucial role in the current socio-economic agenda, namely low-carbon energy technologies. Accordingly, we focus our attention on the related patenting activity of different countries and organizations over time, as well as on influencing policy initiatives and events. Hence, we collected 131,661 patents granted at the United States Patent and Trademark Office (U.S.PTO.) between 1971 and 2010, and belonging to the Nuclear power generation, Alternative energy production, and Energy conservation technological classes, as indicated by the International Patent Classification (IPC) Green Inventory. Our findings report the development trends of low-carbon energy technologies, as well as identify major related environmental programs, historical events, and private sector initiatives explaining those trends, hence revealing how these different circumstances have significantly influenced their development over time.

Vito Albino; Lorenzo Ardito; Rosa Maria Dangelico; Antonio Messeni Petruzzelli

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

11

Byzantine Icons The Art and Science of Depiction  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 Byzantine Icons · 4.209 The Art and Science of Depiction · Fredo Durand, Julie Dorsey · Spring 2001 · Konstantinos Tsakonas, tsakonas@mit.edu Definitions Icon(): a Greek word that meansimage to write an icon. Project Focus Art&Science of Depiction Software Engineering Byzantine Icons Software

Durand, Frédo

12

Byzantine Icons The Art and Science of Depiction  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 Byzantine Icons · 4.209 The Art and Science of Depiction · Fredo Durand, Julie Dorsey · Spring 2001 · Konstantinos Tsakonas, tsakonas@mit.edu Definitions Icon(): a Greek word that means image to write an icon. #12;2 Project Focus Art&Science of Depiction Software Engineering Byzantine Icons

Durand, Frédo

13

Correctness of depiction in planar diagrams of spatial figures  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We show that it is possible to decide whether a given planar diagram correctly depicts the spatial figure consisting of a planar quadrangle together with its shadow in another plane.

P. L. Robinson

2014-03-12T23:59:59.000Z

14

The State of the Art in Microelectronics Development and Future Trends in Device Capability and Costs  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......consistently reducing production costs. Reducing the cost...volumes, product costs are PRICING TRENDS...reduction in device costs per se, coupled...Injection Logic First Production 1969 1973 1972 1975...Abstract Automation of gas chromatography provides......

J.E. Bass

1976-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

15

Byzantine Icons The Art and Science of Depiction  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Byzantine Icons · 4.209 The Art and Science of Depiction · Fredo Durand, Julie Dorsey · Spring 2001 · Konstantinos Tsakonas, tsakonas@mit.edu #12;Definitions Icon(): a Greek word that means image; an artistic a spiritual representation of a sacred person or event Iconography(): a Greek word that means to write an icon

Durand, Frédo

16

Wind Power Development in the United States: Current Progress, Future Trends  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The U.S. wind power industry is in an era of substantial growth, with the U.S. and China likely to vie for largest-market status for years to come. With the market evolving at such a rapid pace, keeping up with current trends in the marketplace has become increasingly difficult. At the same time, limits to future growth are uncertain. This paper summarizes major trends in the U.S. wind market, and explores the technical and economic feasibility of achieving much greater levels of wind penetration. China would be well served to conduct similar analyses of the feasibility, benefits, challenges, and policy needs associated with much higher levels of wind power generation than currently expressed in national targets.

Wiser, Ryan H

2008-10-29T23:59:59.000Z

17

Net Metering Policy Development and Distributed Solar Generation in Minnesota: Overview of Trends in Nationwide Policy Development and Implications of Increasing the Eligible System Size Cap  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

0 0 December 2009 Net Metering Policy Development in Minnesota: Overview of Trends in Nationwide Policy Development and Implications of Increasing the Eligible System Size Cap Elizabeth Doris, Sarah Busche, and Stephen Hockett National Renewable Energy Laboratory 1617 Cole Boulevard, Golden, Colorado 80401-3393 303-275-3000 * www.nrel.gov NREL is a national laboratory of the U.S. Department of Energy Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy Operated by the Alliance for Sustainable Energy, LLC Contract No. DE-AC36-08-GO28308 Technical Report NREL/TP-6A2-46670 December 2009 Net Metering Policy Development in Minnesota: Overview of Trends in Nationwide Policy Development and Implications of Increasing the Eligible System Size Cap

18

Wind Power Development in the United States: Current Progress, Future Trends  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Annual Report on U.S. Wind Power Installation, Cost, andWind Power Development in the United States: Current94720 Abstract: The U.S. wind power industry is in an era of

Wiser, Ryan H

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

19

Inner city shopping centers : national development trends and local community impacts  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Within the past ten years, there has been increasing interest in bringing retail back into inner-city neighborhoods as a commercial revitalization and economic development strategy. In this thesis, a large data set of all ...

Deora, Amy (Amy Carter)

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

20

Development of Integrated Dielectric Elastomer Actuators (IDEAS): trending towards smarter and smaller soft microfluidic systems.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??During the last five years, great advancements in microfluidics have been achieved with the development of sample-in-answer-out systems. Such systems have begun to realize the (more)

Price, Alexander K.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "development trends depicted" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


21

New Report Highlights Trends in Offshore Wind with 14 Projects Currently In Advanced Stages of Development  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

The Energy Department today released a new report showing progress for the United States offshore wind energy market over the past year, including two projects that have moved into the initial stages of construction, and 14 projects that are in the advanced stages of development together representing nearly 4,900 megawatts of potential offshore wind energy capacity for the U.S.

22

Status and trends of mobile-health applications for iOS devices: A developer's perspective  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Modern smart mobile devices offer media-rich and context-aware features that are highly useful for electronic-health (e-health) applications. It is therefore not surprising that these devices have gained acceptance as target devices for e-health applications, ... Keywords: Mobile development platforms, iOS, m-Health applications

Chang Liu; Qing Zhu; Kenneth A. Holroyd; Elizabeth K. Seng

2011-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

23

Leading trends in environmental regulation that affect energy development. Final report  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Major environmental issues that are likely to affect the implementation of energy technologies between now and the year 2000 are identified and assessed. The energy technologies specifically addressed are: oil recovery and processing; gas recovery and processing; coal liquefaction; coal gasification (surface); in situ coal gasification; direct coal combustion; advanced power systems; magnetohydrodynamics; surface oil shale retorting; true and modified in situ oil shale retorting; geothermal energy; biomass energy conversion; and nuclear power (fission). Environmental analyses of these technologies included, in addition to the main processing steps, the complete fuel cycle from resource extraction to end use. A comprehensive survey of the environmental community (including environmental groups, researchers, and regulatory agencies) was carried out in parallel with an analysis of the technologies to identify important future environmental issues. Each of the final 20 issues selected by the project staff has the following common attributes: consensus of the environmental community that the issue is important; it is a likely candidate for future regulatory action; it deals with a major environmental aspect of energy development. The analyses of the 20 major issues address their environmental problem areas, current regulatory status, and the impact of future regulations. These analyses are followed by a quantitative assessment of the impact on energy costs and nationwide pollutant emissions of possible future regulations. This is accomplished by employing the Strategic Environmental Assessment System (SEAS) for a subset of the 20 major issues. The report concludes with a more general discussion of the impact of environmental regulatory action on energy development.

Steele, R V; Attaway, L D; Christerson, J A; Kikel, D A; Kuebler, J D; Lupatkin, B M; Liu, C S; Meyer, R; Peyton, T O; Sussin, M H

1980-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

24

Consumer Responses to Stereotypical vs. Non-Stereotypical Depictions of Women in Travel Advertising.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??Women are active travel consumers, yet travel advertising notoriously depicts women stereotypically. If consumers react negatively to these stereotypical portrayals in advertising, they may disregard (more)

McDonald, Jessica Eran

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

25

Prices & Trends  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

The U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) collects, analyzes, and disseminates independent and impartial energy information to promote sound policymaking, efficient markets, and public understanding of energy and its interaction with the economy and the environment. Learn about EIA and Energy Department organizations that track energy prices and trends.

26

Safety Case Depictions vs. Safety Cases Would the Real Safety Case Please Stand Up?  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Safety Case Depictions vs. Safety Cases ­ Would the Real Safety Case Please Stand Up? Ibrahim Habli York, UK ibrahim.habli@cs.york.ac.uk, tim.kelly@cs.york.ac.uk Keywords: Safety Cases, Safety Arguments, GSN, Safety Assurance, Certification Abstract The integrity of the safety case depends primarily

Kelly, Tim

27

Maps depicting nonattainment areas pursuant to Section 107 of the Clean Air Act - 1985  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The report is a detailed mapping of the United States depicting those areas nonattaining the National Ambient Air Quality Standards for carbon monoxide, nitrogen dioxide, ozone, sulfur dioxide, and total suspended particulates. It includes nonattainment area maps and supporting lists from Federal Register publications for final actions through September 1, 1985.

Yarn, J.; Beal, W.; Tate, C.

1985-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

28

Maps depicting nonattainment areas pursuant to Section 107 of the Clean Air Act - 1982  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This report is a detailed mapping of the United States depicting those areas not attaining the National Ambient Air Quality Standards for carbon monoxide, nitrogen dioxide, ozone, sulfur dioxide and total suspended particulates. It includes nonattainment area maps and supporting lists from Federal Register publications for final actions through February 1, 1982.

Pearson, J.; Beal, W.; Duggan, G.

1982-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

29

Maps depicting nonattainment areas pursuant to Section 107 of the Clean Air Act - 1983  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This report is a detailed mapping of the United States Depicting those areas not attaining the National Ambient Air Quality Standards for carbon monoxide, nitrogen dioxide, ozone, sulfur dioxide and total suspended particulates. It includes nonattainment area maps and supporting lists from Federal Register publications for final actions through February 1, 1983.

Duggan, G.; Pearson, J.; Beal, W.

1983-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

30

Maps depicting nonattainment areas pursuant to Section 107 of the Clean Air Act - 1984  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This report is a detailed mapping of the United States depicting those areas not attaining the National Ambient Air Quality Standards for carbon monoxide, nitrogen dioxide, ozone, sulfur dioxide and total suspended particulates. It includes non-attainment area maps and supporting lists from Federal Register publications for final actions through July 1, 1984.

Yarn, J.; Beal, W.; Tate, C.

1984-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

31

New Report Highlights Trends in Offshore Wind with 14 Projects...  

Energy Savers [EERE]

Highlights Trends in Offshore Wind with 14 Projects Currently In Advanced Stages of Development New Report Highlights Trends in Offshore Wind with 14 Projects Currently In Advanced...

32

Regional Review on Status and Trends in Aquaculture Development in North America: Canada and the United States of America 2010  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Economic Zone. Highlights of the bill include: a permitting process;economic zone; encourage the development of environmentally responsible offshore aquaculture by authorizing offshore aquaculture operations and research; establish a permitting process

Olin, Paul G.; Smith, James; Nabi, Rashed

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

33

Regional Review on Status and Trends in Aquaculture Development in North America: Canada and the United States of America 2010  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

with a high-energy, low-phosphorous feed developed by thea better FCR and reduced phosphorous waste as compared withan overall reduction in phosphorous output by 36 percent.

Olin, Paul G.; Smith, James; Nabi, Rashed

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

34

TRENDS in Chemical Marketing  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

TRENDS in Chemical Marketing ... BEFORE any chemical sales organization, can meet or establish new trends in marketing, it must be completely aware of the problem it faces. ...

W. M. RUSSELL

1955-08-29T23:59:59.000Z

35

Using corporate social responsibility benchmarking framework to identify and assess corporate social responsibility trends of real estate companies owning and developing shopping centres  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Shopping centres that include retail activities have come in for criticism as to their environmental, architectural and social impacts. However, the sector has been applying corporate social responsibility (CSR) practices. In an attempt to identify the best practices regarding CSR and trends therein we developed a CSR benchmarking of companies from the real estate sector owning and developing shopping centres. Based on information from websites, annual, environmental and sustainability reports, and customer services departments information, in 2004 and 2010, a comparative CSR benchmarking was performed on 23 real estate companies with shopping centres based in Europe, China, Australia and the USA. The CRS benchmarking framework focused on reported CSR practices and included categories and sub-categories of evaluation in four domains: (1) external results, (2) internal results, (3) management processes and (4) learning and innovation. The framework was inspired by the sustainability balanced scorecard structure. The United Kingdom real estate sectors companies studied did relatively well when evaluated by the framework used in this study. The highest ranked real estate companies applied sustainable or environmental buildings standards and did show a commitment to transparency and CSR disclosure. The positive evolution of CSR practices in the 23 companies studied in 2004 and 2010 may reflect efforts to improve competitiveness and the reputation of the companies with shopping centres through CSR initiatives.

Idalina Dias Sardinha; Lucas Reijnders; Paula Antunes

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

36

5 World Oil Trends WORLD OIL TRENDS  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

5 World Oil Trends Chapter 1 WORLD OIL TRENDS INTRODUCTION In considering the outlook for California's petroleum supplies, it is important to give attention to expecta- tions of what the world oil market. Will world oil demand increase and, if so, by how much? How will world oil prices be affected

37

Trends of petroleum fuels  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Trends in properties of motor gasolines for the years 1942 through 1984; diesel fuels for the years 1950 through 1983; aviation fuels for the years 1947 through 1983; and heating oils for the years 1955 through 1984, have been evaluated based upon data contained in surveys prepared and published by the National Institute for Petroleum and Energy Research (NIPER) formerly the Bartlesville Energy Technology Center (BETC). The surveys for motor gasolines were conducted under a cooperative agreement with the Coordinating Research Council (CRC) and the Bureau of Mines from 1935 through 1948 and in cooperation with the American Petroleum Institute (API) since 1948 for all surveys. The motor gasoline surveys have been published twice annually since 1935 describing the properties of motor gasolines throughout the country. Other surveys prepared in cooperation with API and the Bureau of Mines, the Energy Research and Development Administration, the Department of Energy, and currently NIPER were aviation gasolines beginning in 1947, diesel fuels in 1950, aviation turbine fuels in 1951, and heating oils, formerly burner fuel oils, in 1955. Various companies throughout the country obtain samples of motor gasolines from retail outlets and refinery samples for the other surveys, and analyze the samples using American Society for Testing and Materials (ASTM) procedures. The analytical data are sent to the Bartlesville Center for survey preparation and distribution. A summary report has been assembled from data in 83 semiannual surveys for motor gasolines that shows trends throughout the entire era from winter 19

Shelton, E.M.; Woodward, P.W.

1985-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

38

World Energy Use Trends in Demand  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In order to provide adequate energy supplies in the future, trends in energy demand must be evaluated and projections of future demand developed. World energy use is far from static, and an understanding of the demand

Randy Hudson

1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

39

Downdip Yegua trend - overview  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Downdip Yegua Trend of overpressured gas-condensate reservoirs has produced over 400 bcf of gas and 10 million bbl of oil and condensate since 1979. The trend has indicated reserves in the range of 1.5-2.0 tcf. The trend was opened only in the late 1970s and 1980s because its sandstone fairways are mostly separated from the updip, sandstone-rich Yegua section (which has produced since the 1930s) by a mid-dip region where sandstones are scarce. The trend is also separated from overlying Frio and Vicksburg targets by over 1,000 ft of highly overpressured Jackson shale. At present, activity is most concentrated on detecting sweet spots of a few hundred acres or less, evaluating downdip and lateral extensions of known trends, and in defining large, potentially prolific structures in frontier areas using integrated geologic and geophysical analyses.

Ewing, T.A. (Frontera Exploration Services, San Antonio, TX (USA)); Fergeson, W.G. (Venus Oil Co., San Antonio, TX (USA))

1989-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

40

Occurrence Reporting Trends  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Reporting and Processing of Reporting and Processing of Operations Information (ORPS): Five Year Trends 1 * The trend of Occurrence Reporting and Processing System (ORPS) occurrences across the Complex has been steady over the past five years. The trend of occurrence reports appears to trend very closely with changes in man hours worked. * The proportion of those occurrences that are considered high consequence occurrences has decreased from approximately 30 percent in 2007 to 15 percent in 2012. High consequence occurrences are defined as occurrences that are assigned either an ORPS Significance Category 1, 2 or Operational Emergency (OE), or a 13A (HQ Significant highlighted for Management attention). 0 50 100 150 200 250 300 350 400 1 2 3 4 1 2 3 4 1 2 3 4 1 2 3 4 1 2 3 4 1 2

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "development trends depicted" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


41

Trends in stationary energy  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Trends in stationary energy Trends in stationary energy Colin McCormick Senior Advisor for R&D Office of the Under Secretary US Department of Energy Building Technologies Office Peer Review 2013 April 2013 2 Under Secretary of Energy * Oversee the applied energy programs * Efficiency & Renewables * Electric grid * Fossil energy * Nuclear energy * Indian energy * Support interactions with Office of Science, ARPA-E * Support cross-cutting topics in energy systems * Energy systems interaction * Water-energy nexus * Bulk energy storage * Energy finance * International Lab engagement * Quadrennial Technology Review (QTR) 3 2013: Already a busy year for energy 4 Some notable trends in stationary energy The water-energy nexus The rise of natural gas Global trends New models for the grid

42

Trending: Metal Oxo Bonds  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Trending: Metal Oxo Bonds Trending: Metal Oxo Bonds Trending: Metal Oxo Bonds Print Wednesday, 29 May 2013 00:00 Metal oxides are important for scientific and technical applications in a variety of disciplines, including materials science, chemistry, and biology. Highly covalent metal-oxygen multiple bonds (metal oxos) are the building blocks of metal oxides and have a bearing on the oxide's desirable chemical, magnetic, electronic, and thermal properties. The lack of a more sophisticated grasp of bonding in metal oxides constitutes a roadblock to innovation in a wide variety of important emergent technologies, including industrial catalysis, biomimetic transformations, and artificial photosynthesis. To address this problem, a research team from four national laboratories, three Department of Energy synchrotron user facilities, and the University of Washington has applied spectroscopic and computational analyses to a number of metal oxides, quantifying trends in metal oxo bonding for groups of metals across the periodic table.

43

Trends in stationary energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Trends in stationary energy Trends in stationary energy Colin McCormick Senior Advisor for R&D Office of the Under Secretary US Department of Energy Building Technologies Office Peer Review 2013 April 2013 2 Under Secretary of Energy * Oversee the applied energy programs * Efficiency & Renewables * Electric grid * Fossil energy * Nuclear energy * Indian energy * Support interactions with Office of Science, ARPA-E * Support cross-cutting topics in energy systems * Energy systems interaction * Water-energy nexus * Bulk energy storage * Energy finance * International Lab engagement * Quadrennial Technology Review (QTR) 3 2013: Already a busy year for energy 4 Some notable trends in stationary energy The water-energy nexus The rise of natural gas Global trends New models for the grid

44

Automation Trend Continues  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

IT is difficult to discern any brand new trends in chemical process equipment this year which were not evident a year ago. However, at National Chemical Exposition, David E. Pierce, Diamond Alkali Corp., in his Industrial and Engineering Chemistry Lecture,...

1954-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

45

Biofuels Issues and Trends  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Biofuels Issues and Trends Biofuels Issues and Trends October 2012 Independent Statistics & Analysis www.eia.gov U.S. Department of Energy Washington, DC 20585 U.S. Energy Information Administration | Biofuels Issues and Trends i This report was prepared by the U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA), the statistical and analytical agency within the U.S. Department of Energy. By law, EIA's data, analyses, and forecasts are independent of approval by any other officer or employee of the United States Government. The views in this report therefore should not be construed as representing those of the Department of Energy or other Federal agencies. October 2012 U.S. Energy Information Administration | Biofuels Issues and Trends ii Table of Contents

46

Food consumption trends and drivers  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...original work is properly cited. Food consumption trends and drivers John Kearney...Government policy. A picture of food consumption (availability) trends and projections...largely responsible for these observed consumption trends are the subject of this review...

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

47

Early Trends in Landcover Change and Forest Fragmentation Due to Shale-Gas Development in Pennsylvania: A Potential Outcome for the Northcentral Appalachians  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Worldwide shale-gas development has the potential to cause substantial ... , we examine land cover change due to shale-gas exploration, with emphasis on forest fragmentation. Pennsylvanias shale-gas development ...

P. J. Drohan; M. Brittingham; J. Bishop; K. Yoder

2012-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

48

Trending: Metal Oxo Bonds  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Trending: Metal Oxo Bonds Print Trending: Metal Oxo Bonds Print Metal oxides are important for scientific and technical applications in a variety of disciplines, including materials science, chemistry, and biology. Highly covalent metal-oxygen multiple bonds (metal oxos) are the building blocks of metal oxides and have a bearing on the oxide's desirable chemical, magnetic, electronic, and thermal properties. The lack of a more sophisticated grasp of bonding in metal oxides constitutes a roadblock to innovation in a wide variety of important emergent technologies, including industrial catalysis, biomimetic transformations, and artificial photosynthesis. To address this problem, a research team from four national laboratories, three Department of Energy synchrotron user facilities, and the University of Washington has applied spectroscopic and computational analyses to a number of metal oxides, quantifying trends in metal oxo bonding for groups of metals across the periodic table.

49

Trending: Metal Oxo Bonds  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Trending: Metal Oxo Bonds Print Trending: Metal Oxo Bonds Print Metal oxides are important for scientific and technical applications in a variety of disciplines, including materials science, chemistry, and biology. Highly covalent metal-oxygen multiple bonds (metal oxos) are the building blocks of metal oxides and have a bearing on the oxide's desirable chemical, magnetic, electronic, and thermal properties. The lack of a more sophisticated grasp of bonding in metal oxides constitutes a roadblock to innovation in a wide variety of important emergent technologies, including industrial catalysis, biomimetic transformations, and artificial photosynthesis. To address this problem, a research team from four national laboratories, three Department of Energy synchrotron user facilities, and the University of Washington has applied spectroscopic and computational analyses to a number of metal oxides, quantifying trends in metal oxo bonding for groups of metals across the periodic table.

50

Trending: Metal Oxo Bonds  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Trending: Metal Oxo Bonds Print Trending: Metal Oxo Bonds Print Metal oxides are important for scientific and technical applications in a variety of disciplines, including materials science, chemistry, and biology. Highly covalent metal-oxygen multiple bonds (metal oxos) are the building blocks of metal oxides and have a bearing on the oxide's desirable chemical, magnetic, electronic, and thermal properties. The lack of a more sophisticated grasp of bonding in metal oxides constitutes a roadblock to innovation in a wide variety of important emergent technologies, including industrial catalysis, biomimetic transformations, and artificial photosynthesis. To address this problem, a research team from four national laboratories, three Department of Energy synchrotron user facilities, and the University of Washington has applied spectroscopic and computational analyses to a number of metal oxides, quantifying trends in metal oxo bonding for groups of metals across the periodic table.

51

Trending: Metal Oxo Bonds  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Trending: Metal Oxo Bonds Print Trending: Metal Oxo Bonds Print Metal oxides are important for scientific and technical applications in a variety of disciplines, including materials science, chemistry, and biology. Highly covalent metal-oxygen multiple bonds (metal oxos) are the building blocks of metal oxides and have a bearing on the oxide's desirable chemical, magnetic, electronic, and thermal properties. The lack of a more sophisticated grasp of bonding in metal oxides constitutes a roadblock to innovation in a wide variety of important emergent technologies, including industrial catalysis, biomimetic transformations, and artificial photosynthesis. To address this problem, a research team from four national laboratories, three Department of Energy synchrotron user facilities, and the University of Washington has applied spectroscopic and computational analyses to a number of metal oxides, quantifying trends in metal oxo bonding for groups of metals across the periodic table.

52

Damped trend exponential smoothing: A modelling viewpoint  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Over the past twenty years, damped trend exponential smoothing has performed well in numerous empirical studies, and it is now well established as an accurate forecasting method. The original motivation for this method was intuitively appealing, but said very little about why or when it provided an optimal approach. The aim of this paper is to provide a theoretical rationale for the damped trend method based on Browns original thinking about the form of underlying models for exponential smoothing. We develop a random coefficient state space model for which damped trend smoothing provides an optimal approach, and within which the damping parameter can be interpreted directly as a measure of the persistence of the linear trend.

Eddie McKenzie; Everette S. Gardner Jr.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

53

Policy message Trends in the global agricultural  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

and entire countries, since small-scale producers are the main source of food in developing countries. Large is attracting renewed attention, mainly because of concerns over climate change. But other trends will have, often foreign- ers, are investing in agricultural land in developing countries. Threats

Richner, Heinz

54

Fulfilling the promise of targeted therapeutics in oncology via companion diagnostics : a perspective on pipeline trends and co-development strategies  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Herceptin was the poster child of personalized medicine that brought forward the notion that contemporaneously developed companion diagnostics (CDx) could lead to more efficacious use of a cancer therapeutic in a selected ...

Mehrotra, Anand

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

55

Address: 125252, Russia, Moscow, Zorge Street, 9, www.farmina.ru The status and development trends of the Russian HP market  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

#12;2 Address: 125252, Russia, Moscow, Zorge Street, 9, www.farmina.ru The status and development Shishov, Farmina, Russia E-mail:vv@shishov.net . ., , 10.2013 #12;3 Address: 125252, Russia . « » 2020 . 45 , (), [1]. #12;4 Address: 125252, Russia, Moscow, Zorge Street, 9, www

Oak Ridge National Laboratory

56

Recent Trends in Emerging Transportation Fuels and Energy Consumption  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Several recent trends indicate current developments in energy and transportation fuels. World trade in biofuels is developing in ethanol, wood chips, and vegetable oil / biodiesel with some countries being exp...

B. G. Bunting

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

57

Mobile user-experience design trends  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The course presents essential concepts of mobile user-experience design and reviews mobile UX trends in Asia, the US, and Europe, including case studies of developing designs for China, a near failure of user-centered mobile UX design, and cross-cultural ...

Aaron Marcus

2013-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

58

Trends in furnace control  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This paper relates Italimpianti's experiences over the past few years in the area of control of reheat furnaces for the steel industry. The focus is on the level 1 area; specifically on the use of PLC-based systems to perform both combustion control and mechanical/hydraulic control. Some topics to be discussed are: overview of reheat furnace control system requirements; PLC only control vs separate PLC and DCS systems; PLC hardware requirements; man machine interface (MMI) requirements; purge, light-on and safety logic; implementation of more sophisticated level 1 control algorithms; furnace temperature optimization: look up tables vs full thermal modeling; and recent trends including integrated PLC/DCS system.

McDonald, T.J.; Keefe, M.D. (Italimpianti of America, Inc., Coraopolis, PA (United States). Instrumentation and Controls Dept.)

1993-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

59

Nuclear Proliferation Technology Trends Analysis  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A process is underway to develop mature, integrated methodologies to address nonproliferation issues. A variety of methodologies (both qualitative and quantitative) are being considered. All have one thing in common, a need for a consistent set of proliferation related data that can be used as a basis for application. One approach to providing a basis for predicting and evaluating future proliferation events is to understand past proliferation events, that is, the different paths that have actually been taken to acquire or attempt to acquire special nuclear material. In order to provide this information, this report describing previous material acquisition activities (obtained from open source material) has been prepared. This report describes how, based on an evaluation of historical trends in nuclear technology development, conclusions can be reached concerning: (1) The length of time it takes to acquire a technology; (2) The length of time it takes for production of special nuclear material to begin; and (3) The type of approaches taken for acquiring the technology. In addition to examining time constants, the report is intended to provide information that could be used to support the use of the different non-proliferation analysis methodologies. Accordingly, each section includes: (1) Technology description; (2) Technology origin; (3) Basic theory; (4) Important components/materials; (5) Technology development; (6) Technological difficulties involved in use; (7) Changes/improvements in technology; (8) Countries that have used/attempted to use the technology; (9) Technology Information; (10) Acquisition approaches; (11) Time constants for technology development; and (12) Required Concurrent Technologies.

Zentner, Michael D.; Coles, Garill A.; Talbert, Robert J.

2005-10-04T23:59:59.000Z

60

Solar Pricing Trends  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

SB 2 1X SB 2 1X Category % of Retail Sales From Eligible Renewable Resources Date by Which Compliance Must Occur Category or Compliance Period 1 20% Dec. 31, 2013 Category or Compliance Period 2 25% Dec. 31, 2016 Category or Compliance Period 3 33% Dec. 31, 2020 2 Solar Pricing Trends 3 U.S. Grid-Connected PV Capacity Additions 4 U.S. Renewable Additions wind, 7537 MW biogas, 91 MW biomass, 330 MW geothermal, 910 MW ocean, 0 MW small hydro, 38 MW solar thermal, 3804 MW solar photovoltaic, 5778 MW CA IOU's Total Renewable Energy Capacity Currently Under Contract from Contracts Signed Since 2002, by Technology 5 CA IOU's Renewable Portfolio 6 CA IOU's Future Renewable Portfolio

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "development trends depicted" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


61

4. Net Generation Trends  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

8 8 Section 1. Commentary Electric Power Data For the second straight month, near normal temperatures were observed throughout the contiguous United States in October 2008. On the regional level, temperatures did deviate above normal in the western United States while parts of the South, Southeast, and Northeast experienced below average temperatures. Accordingly, heating degree days for the contiguous United States as a whole were 1.4 percent above the average for the month of October, and 63.4 percent above a much warmer October 2007. In October 2008, retail sales of electricity decreased 4.4 percent compared to October 2007, which had warmer temperatures and subsequent higher demand for electricity. The average U.S. retail price of electricity continued to show an upward trend in October 2008, increasing 9.3

62

Industrial Energy Efficiency Programs: Development and Trends  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, address emerging needs, and identify best practices in the administration of today's industrial efficiency programs. The paper will serve as an update on industrial energy efficiency program activities and discuss the ways in which today's programs...

Chittum, A.; Kaufman, N.; Elliot, N.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

63

Foreign Fishery Developments Recent Trends in  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

-83 El Nino event in the Eastern Pacific and sharp price increases for fuel. Some observers suggested.6 percent in 1983 (Table 1). The small 1983 increase was primarily caused by the effects of both the 1982 expanded continuously since 1977. The average annual increase during the 1980's was 3.3 percent. The catch

64

International Investment Trend of Photovoltaics.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??What is the trend of the global solar PV industry? What is the importance of Solar Energy in Renewable Energy? Why shall we invest solar (more)

Lin, Hsin-yu

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

65

47 Natural Gas Market Trends NATURAL GAS MARKET TRENDS  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

47 Natural Gas Market Trends Chapter 5 NATURAL GAS MARKET TRENDS INTRODUCTION Natural gas discusses current natural gas market conditions in California and the rest of North America, followed on the outlook for demand, supply, and price of natural gas for the forecasted 20-year horizon. It also addresses

66

Petrick Technology Trends Of Manufacturing  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

#12;323 Petrick Technology Trends chapter 9 The Future Of Manufacturing Irene Petrick Technology Trends This chapter is a story about the future of manufacturing based on three predictions: � that firms sophisticated modeling and simulation of both new products and production processes; � that additive

67

Trends in high-performance computing for engineering calculations  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...James DeBonis Trends in high-performance computing for engineering calculations...and the environment . High-performance computing has evolved remarkably...application developers. high-performance computing|multicore|manycore...

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

68

Chapter 28 - Air Quality Status and Trends  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract This chapter describes the condition of air quality, based on air pollutant concentrations, i.e. criteria pollutants, in airsheds around the world, as well as certain air toxics in urban areas and hot spots. The variability of pollutant concentrations in space and time are discussed, as well as differences in air pollution between more industrialized and economically developed regions vs developing nations. The status and trends of atmospheric concentrations of tropospheric ozone, oxides of nitrogen, oxides of sulfur, carbon monoxide, lead, and particulate matter are discussed. Examples of air toxics include benzene, polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons, dioxins, aldehydes, and metals, e.g. mercury. Regional and global trends include acid deposition, depletion of the stratospheric ozone layer, and climate change. Indoor air quality is discussed. The chapter concludes with a description of an air quality index.

Daniel Vallero

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

69

Status and Trend of Automotive Power Packaging  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Comprehensive requirements in aspects of cost, reliability, efficiency, form factor, weight, and volume for power electronics modules in modern electric drive vehicles have driven the development of automotive power packaging technology intensively. Innovation in materials, interconnections, and processing techniques is leading to enormous improvements in power modules. In this paper, the technical development of and trends in power module packaging are evaluated by examining technical details with examples of industrial products. The issues and development directions for future automotive power module packaging are also discussed.

Liang, Zhenxian [ORNL

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

70

Workforce Trends in the Electric Utility Industry | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Trends in the Electric Utility Industry Trends in the Electric Utility Industry Workforce Trends in the Electric Utility Industry Section 1101 of the U.S. Energy Policy Act of 2005 (EPACT)1 calls for a report on the current trends in the workforce of (A) skilled technical personnel that support energy technology industries, and (B) electric power and transmission engineers. It also requests that the Secretary make recommendations (as appropriate) to meet the future labor requirements. Workforce Trends in the Electric Utility Industry More Documents & Publications Statement of Patricia A. Hoffman, Deputy Director of Research and Development and Acting Chief Operating Officer, Office of Electricity Delivery & Energy Reliability, Department of Energy before the Committee on Energy and Natural Resources United States

71

Population Trends and Prospects  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...improve-ments in food availability per person, and today the actual number...population growth. Consequently, food production per person in most developing countries...is no improvement in staple food production, primarily cereal grain, in countries...

W. Parker Mauldin

1980-07-04T23:59:59.000Z

72

Understanding Trends in Wind Turbine Prices Over the Past Decade  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Understanding Trends in Wind Turbine Prices Over the Past Decade Understanding Trends in Wind Turbine Prices Over the Past Decade Title Understanding Trends in Wind Turbine Prices Over the Past Decade Publication Type Report Refereed Designation Unknown Year of Publication 2011 Authors Bolinger, Mark, and Ryan H. Wiser Pagination 46 Date Published 10/2011 Publisher LBNL City Berkeley Keywords electricity markets and policy group, energy analysis and environmental impacts department Abstract Berkeley Lab has gathered price data on 81 U.S. wind turbine transactions totaling 23,850 MW announced from 1997 through early 2011. Figure ES-1 depicts these reported wind turbine transaction prices (along with the associated trend line), broken out by the size of the transaction (in MW). Figure ES-1 also presents average (global) turbine prices reported by Vestas for the years 2005 through 2010, as well as a range of reported pricing (among various turbine manufacturers) for transactions signed in 2010 and so far in 2011 (with 2011 prices generally lower than 2010 prices). After hitting a low of roughly $750/kW from 2000 to 2002, average wind turbine prices doubled through 2008, rising to an average of roughly $1,500/kW. Wind turbine prices have since declined substantially, with price quotes for transactions executed in 2010 and to date in 2011 ranging from $900-$1,400/kW depending on the manufacturer and turbine model. For example, turbines designed for lower wind speed sites - deploying higher hub heights and larger rotor diameters for a given nameplate capacity - are priced at the higher end of this range. These quotes suggest price declines of as much as 33% or more since late 2008, with an average decline closer to perhaps 20% for orders announced in 2010 (as opposed to in 2011, which has seen further price declines). These two substantial and opposing wind turbine price trends over the past decade - and particularly the doubling in prices in the 2002-2008 period - run counter to the smooth, gradually declining technology cost trajectories that are often assumed by energy analysts modeling the diffusion of new technologies, including wind power. Understanding and explaining this notable discrepancy between theory and historical reality is the primary motivation for this work. Taking a bottom-up approach, this report examines seven primary drivers of wind turbine prices in the United States, with the goal of estimating the degree to which each contributed to the doubling in turbine prices from 2002 through 2008, as well as the subsequent decline in prices through 2010 (our analysis does not extend into 2011 because several of these drivers are best gauged on a full-year basis due to seasonality issues).

73

Technological Trends in Automobiles  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...ev-ery auto manufacturer has introduced turbochargers on at least one model. New developments...Eventually, it may be desirable to build the turbocharger into the engine as an integral component...crankshaft loca-tion, and knock. Actuator controls. for air, fuel, and exhaust...

Emmett J. Horton; W. Dale Compton

1984-08-10T23:59:59.000Z

74

Real-time trend monitoring of gas compressor stations  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The authors' company has developed a machinery health monitoring system (MHealth) for short-term and long-term historical trending and analysis of data from its 40 gas compressor stations. The author discusses the benefits of real-time trending in troubleshooting operations, in preventative maintenance scheduling and cites specific applications in the startup operations of several new gas compressor/centrifugal compressor units.

Van Hardeveld, T. (Nova, an Alberta Corp., AB (Canada))

1991-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

75

Performance trends for POD as measured in the ICON project  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Base line probability of detection (POD) data is often obtained under semi-ideal conditions such as laboratory diving trials. This performance may be affected by in-service complications such as deep water, corrosion, method of deployment, and also specimen material and geometry. The ICON project has included a wide range of test conditions allowing the development of performance trends to predict POD under non ideal conditions. Examples of these performance trends will be described in the paper.

Rudlin, J.; Dover, W.D. [University College London (United Kingdom). NDE Centre

1996-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

76

The family of object-related depictives in English and Spanish: towards a usage-based constructionist analysis  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Drawing on naturally-occurring data extracted from the British National Corpus (BNC) and the Corpus de Referencia del Espaol Actual (CREA) in conjunction with data elicited from native speakers by means of questionnaires, this paper provides a bottom-up, usage-based analysis of instances of depictive secondary predicates involving mainly verba cogitandi (e.g. considerar/consider, encontrar/find, etc.) in English and Spanish. Building on Gonzlvez-Garca [Gonzlvez-Garca, F., 2006a. Passives without Actives: Evidence from Verbless Complement Constructions in Spanish. Constructions SV1-5/2006; Gonzlvez-Garca, F., 2003. Reconstructing object complements in English and Spanish. In: Martnez Vzquez, M. (Eds.), Gramtica de Construcciones (Contrastes entre el Ingls y el Espaol). Grupo de Gramtica Contrastiva, Huelva, pp. 1758], these configurations are argued to be constructions in their own right, viz. the subjectivetransitive construction. The main focus of this paper is on the investigation of the most salient semantico-pragmatic hallmarks of four lower-level configurations of the subjectivetransitive construction in the light of coercion [Michaelis, L.A., 2003a. Word meaning, sentence meaning, and syntactic meaning. In: Cuyckens, H., Dirven, R., Taylor, J., (Eds.), Cognitive Approaches to Lexical Semantics. Mouton de Gruyter, Berlin and New York, pp. 163209; Michaelis, L.A., 2003b. Headless constructions and coercion by construction. In: Francis, E., Michaelis, L.A., (Eds.), Mismatch: Form-Function Incongruity and the Architecture of Grammar. CSLI, Stanford, pp. 259310; Michaelis, L.A., 2004a. Type shifting in construction grammar: an integrated approach to aspectual coercion. Cognitive Linguistics 15 (1), 167; Michaelis, L.A., 2004b. Why we believe that syntax is construction-based. Unpublished plenary delivered at the Third International Conference on Construction Grammar(s), Universit de Provence, Marseille, July 9, 2004.] via (i) obligatory reflexive pronouns in the object slot, (ii) a progressive verb form with an inherently stative situation/state of affairs, (iii) an imperative verb with a prima facie non-controllable situation/state of affairs, and (iv) an imperfect tense with a counterfactual interpretation. It is shown that while the first three types of coercion are observable in both English and Spanish, type (iv) points to an interesting asymmetry between these two languages, thus lending further credence to the assumption that argument structure is construction-specific as well as language-specific. Moreover, it is demonstrated that these configurations can be aptly regarded as a family of constructions and that a non-monotonic, default inheritance system of the type invoked in the cognitively-influenced strand of Construction Grammar [Goldberg, A.E., 1995. Constructions. A Construction Approach to Argument Structure. University of Chicago Press, Chicago and London; Goldberg, A.E., 2006. Constructions at Work: The Nature of Generalization in Language. Oxford University Press, New York] can capture the commonalities and the idiosyncratic particulars of these conventional extensions in the construct-i-con.

Francisco Gonzlvez-Garca

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

77

Petroleum 1996: Issues and Trends  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

5 5 Distribution Category UC-950 Petroleum 1996 Issues and Trends September 1997 Energy Information Administration Office of Oil and Gas U.S. Department of Energy Washington, DC 20585 This report was prepared by the Energy Information Administration, the independent statistical and analytical agency within the Department of Energy. The information contained herein should not be construed as advocating or reflecting any policy position of the Department of Energy or any other organization. Energy Information Administration / Petroleum 1996: Issues and Trends iii Preface Contacts Petroleum 1996: Issues and Trends was prepared by the Energy Information Administration (EIA) Office of Oil and Gas, Kenneth A. Vagts, Director (202/586-6401), and the EIA Office of Energy Markets and End Use, Webster C.

78

Aquaculture: global status and trends  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...the high level of public concern about GM technology...intervention in a high-energy environment (Sturrock...Advances in information and communications technology is benefiting...including fish), water and energy are key issues. Some...economics methods trends Conservation of Natural Resources...

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

79

RetTrendReport1205.doc  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Prepared by: Prepared by: Aon Consulting 111 Market Place Baltimore, MD 21202 www.aon.com Trends in Retirement Income and Retiree Medical Plans What's inside 1 Introduction 2 Defined Benefit Trends 5 Defined Contribution Plan Trends 7 Rationale Behind the Trends 9 Retiree Health Trends 11 Key Changes in Retiree Health Coverage 14 Appendix 1: DB Design Trends 16 Appendix 2: DC Design Trends 17 Appendix 3: Charts and Figures 29 Appendix 4: Recent Articles on DB Trends 30 Appendix 3: Recent Articles on Retiree Medical Trends Introduction Today, U.S. employers are finding it increasingly difficult to offer the level of retirement benefits provided to workers over the last half century. Factors impacting the changing landscape for retirement benefits include:

80

Trend dynamics : a method to improve the analysis, dissemination and forecasting of trends on the Internet  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This thesis provides a new perspective in trend analysis with the acknowledgement of individuals as carriers of trends and susceptible to influence simultaneously by a trend's perceived significance and by external effects ...

Strazza, Ernesto (Strazza Silva)

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "development trends depicted" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


81

Global Natural Gas Market Trends, 2. edition  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The report provides an overview of major trends occurring in the natural gas industry and includes a concise look at the drivers behind recent rapid growth in gas usage and the challenges faced in meeting that growth. Topics covered include: an overview of Natural Gas including its history, the current market environment, and its future market potential; an analysis of the overarching trends that are driving a need for change in the Natural Gas industry; a description of new technologies being developed to increase production of Natural Gas; an evaluation of the potential of unconventional Natural Gas sources to supply the market; a review of new transportation methods to get Natural Gas from producing to consuming countries; a description of new storage technologies to support the increasing demand for peak gas; an analysis of the coming changes in global Natural Gas flows; an evaluation of new applications for Natural Gas and their impact on market sectors; and, an overview of Natural Gas trading concepts and recent changes in financial markets.

NONE

2007-07-15T23:59:59.000Z

82

A Comprehensive Survey of Trends in Oracles for Software Testing  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

therefore find ourselves in a position where the automated generation of test inputs is increasingly being. Of course, one might hope that the software under test has been developed with respect to excellent design-for-test1 A Comprehensive Survey of Trends in Oracles for Software Testing Mark Harman, Phil Mc

McMinn, Phil

83

International Assistance for Low-Emission Development Planning...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Tools-Preliminary Trends Jump to: navigation, search International Assistance for Low-Emission Development Planning: CLEAN Inventory of Activities and Tools-Preliminary Trends...

84

Assessing the consistency between short-term global temperature trends in observations and climate model projections  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Assessing the consistency between short-term global temperature trends in observations and climate model projections is a challenging problem. While climate models capture many processes governing short-term climate fluctuations, they are not expected to simulate the specific timing of these somewhat random phenomena - the occurrence of which may impact the realized trend. Therefore, to assess model performance, we develop distributions of projected temperature trends from a collection of climate models running the IPCC A1B emissions scenario. We evaluate where observed trends of length 5 to 15 years fall within the distribution of model trends of the same length. We find that current trends lie near the lower limits of the model distributions, with cumulative probability-of-occurrence values typically between 5 percent and 20 percent, and probabilities below 5 percent not uncommon. Our results indicate cause for concern regarding the consistency between climate model projections and observed climate behavior...

Michaels, Patrick J; Christy, John R; Herman, Chad S; Liljegren, Lucia M; Annan, James D

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

85

On the road to sustainable development  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This paper discusses two of the several models developed by the author over the past few years that attempt to portray an understanding of sustainable development. The first, an overview model, depicts a current understanding of SD. The second, a process model, positions role of education on the road to SD. Both models recognise the verity of interdisciplinary approach to and resolution environmental issues.

M.B. Neace

1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

86

Current trends in the Advanced Bioindustry  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Afternoon Plenary Session: Current Trends in the Advanced Bioindustry State of TechnologyMichael McAdams, President, Advanced Biofuels Association

87

Arnold Schwarzenegger TRENDS IN SNOWFALL VERSUS  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

California's electricity and natural gas ratepayers. The PIER Program strives to conduct the most promising Arnold Schwarzenegger Governor TRENDS IN SNOWFALL VERSUS RAINFALL FOR THE WESTERN UNITED this report as follows: Knowles, N., M. Dettinger, and D. Cayan. 2007. Trends in Snowfall Versus Rainfall

88

RECENT TRENDS IN FEDERAL LAB TECHNOLOGY  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Budget Resources for Federal Lab R&D Spending, Ranked by Budget Level Table 2.2 Distribution of Active#12;RECENT TRENDS IN FEDERAL LAB TECHNOLOGY TRANSFER: FY 1999­2000 BIENNIAL REPORT Report Administration U.S. Department of Commerce May 2002 #12;RECENT TRENDS IN FEDERAL LAB TECHNOLOGY TRANSFER: FY

Perkins, Richard A.

89

Nuclear Power Trends Energy Economics and Sustainability  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Nuclear Power Trends Energy Economics and Sustainability L. H. Tsoukalas Purdue University Nuclear;National Research Council of Greece, May 8, 2008 Outline · The Problem · Nuclear Energy Trends · Energy Economics · Life Cycle Analysis · Nuclear Sustainability · Nuclear Energy in Greece? #12;National Research

90

Evidence for trends in UK flooding  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...flooding. | Recent major flooding in the UK has raised concern...of a long-term trend in flooding over the last 80-120 years...Gov't | Climate Computer Simulation Disasters Ecosystem Environmental...Evidence for trends in UK flooding By Alice J. Robson Centre...

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

91

To Construct a Technology Roadmap for Technical Trend Recognition on Thin-Film Solar Cell  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

To recognize technical trends is essential for the interested parties to understand the development directions of a technology at the industry level. Therefore, a research design has been formed for conducting technology

Tzu-Fu Chiu; Chao-Fu Hong; Leuo-hong Wang

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

92

Trends in Industrial Energy Efficiency: The Role of Standards,  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Trends in Industrial Energy Efficiency: The Role of Standards, Trends in Industrial Energy Efficiency: The Role of Standards, Certification, and Energy Management in Climate Change Mitigation Speaker(s): Aimee McKane Date: March 18, 2008 - 12:30pm Location: 90-3122 The industrial sector represents more than one third of both global primary energy use and energy-related carbon dioxide emissions. In developing countries, the portion of the energy supply consumed by the industrial sector is frequently in excess of 50% and can create tension between economic development goals and a constrained energy supply. Further, countries with an emerging and rapidly expanding industrial infrastructure have a particular opportunity to increase their competitiveness by applying energy-efficient best practices from the outset in new industrial

93

CANCELED: Trends in Industrial Energy Efficiency - the Role of Standards,  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

CANCELED: Trends in Industrial Energy Efficiency - the Role of Standards, CANCELED: Trends in Industrial Energy Efficiency - the Role of Standards, Certification, and Energy Management in Climate Change Mitigation Speaker(s): Aimee McKane Date: January 31, 2008 - 12:00pm Location: 90-3122 THIS SEMINAR HAS BEEN CANCELED. WE MAY RESCHEDULE IT SOON. The industrial sector represents more than one third of both global primary energy use and energy-related carbon dioxide emissions. In developing countries, the portion of the energy supply consumed by the industrial sector is frequently in excess of 50% and can create tension between economic development goals and a constrained energy supply. Further, countries with an emerging and rapidly expanding industrial infrastructure have a particular opportunity to increase their competitiveness by applying

94

Annual Energy Outlook 2001 - Market Trends  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Homepage Homepage Market Trends Economic Activity Renewables International Oil Markets Oil & Natural Gas Energy Demand Coal Electricity Emissions The projections in AEO2001 are not statements of what will happen but of what might happen, given the assumptions and methodologies used. The projections are business-as-usual trend forecasts, given known technology, technological and demographic trends, and current laws and regulations. Thus, they provide a policy-neutral reference case that can be used to analyze policy initiatives. EIA does not propose, advocate, or speculate on future legislative and regulatory changes. All laws are assumed to remain as currently enacted; however, the impacts of emerging regulatory changes, when defined, are reflected.

95

Solar photovoltaics: Trends and prospects  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Key areas in the development of photovoltaic methods of solar energy conversion, which open up wide prospects for semiconductor solar energy conversion, are discussed. The article focuses mainly on photovoltai...

Zh. I. Alferov; V. M. Andreev; V. D. Rumyantsev

2004-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

96

DataTrends Water Use Tracking  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Use Tracking Use Tracking Organizations across the country are measuring and tracking the water use of over 50,000 buildings using the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency's (EPA) ENERGY STAR Portfolio Manager. These buildings represent close to 20% of all buildings in Portfolio Manager. EPA has prepared the DataTrends series to examine trends in energy and water consumption in Portfolio Manager. This document presents the general trends seen in the water data. To learn more, visit www.energystar.gov/DataTrends. Many different types of organizations are tracking water consumption in a wide variety of buildings located in all 50 states. The most common types of buildings with water data are

97

Future trends in environmental mercury concentrations: implications  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Future trends in environmental mercury concentrations: implications for prevention strategies interactions among natural and human climate system components; objectively assess uncertainty in economic, monitor and verify greenhouse gas emissions and climatic impacts. This reprint is one of a series intended

98

Household Vehicles Energy Use: Latest Data & Trends  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

E N E R G Y O V E RV I E W ENERGY INFORMATION ADMINISTRATIONHOUSEHOLD VEHICLES ENERGY USE: LATEST DATA & TRENDS ENERGY OVERVIEW E N E R G Y O V E RV I E W INTRODUCTION Author's...

99

Energy Efficiency Program and Market Trends  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Energy Efficiency Program and Market Trends Energy Efficiency Program and Market Trends EETD's energy efficiency program and market trends research includes technical, economic and policy analysis to inform public and private decision-making on public-interest issues related to utility-sector energy efficiency programs and regulation, and government-funded energy efficiency initiatives. LBNL's research in this area is focused on: Energy efficiency portfolio planning and market assessment, Design and implementation of a portfolio of energy efficiency programs that achieve various policy objectives Utility sector energy efficiency business models, Options for administering energy efficiency programs, Evaluation, measurement and verification of energy efficiency impacts and ESCO industry and market trends and performance.

100

Trends in Commercial Buildings--Introduction  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Home > Commercial > Commercial Buildings Home > Special Home > Commercial > Commercial Buildings Home > Special Reports > Trends in Commercial Buildings Trends: Buildings and Floorspace Energy Consumption and Energy Sources Overview: The Commercial Buildings Energy Consumption Survey (CBECS) Trends in the Commercial Buildings Sector Since 1978, the Energy Information Administration has collected basic statistical information from three of the major end-use sectors— residential, and industrial— periodic energy consumption surveys. Each survey is a snapshot of how energy is used in the year of the survey; the series of surveys in each sector reveals the trends in energy use for the sector. Introduction The Commercial Buildings Energy Consumption Survey (CBECS) collects data from a sample of buildings representative of the commercial buildings

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "development trends depicted" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


101

Aquaculture: global status and trends  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...the development of assessment tools. LCA is one of the key approaches, measuring...efficiency gains might be realized. While LCA provides a useful headline figure, it...paper no. 413. Rome, Italy: Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations. Barrington...

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

102

Federal Energy Management Program: Data Center Energy Consumption Trends  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Data Center Energy Data Center Energy Consumption Trends to someone by E-mail Share Federal Energy Management Program: Data Center Energy Consumption Trends on Facebook Tweet about Federal Energy Management Program: Data Center Energy Consumption Trends on Twitter Bookmark Federal Energy Management Program: Data Center Energy Consumption Trends on Google Bookmark Federal Energy Management Program: Data Center Energy Consumption Trends on Delicious Rank Federal Energy Management Program: Data Center Energy Consumption Trends on Digg Find More places to share Federal Energy Management Program: Data Center Energy Consumption Trends on AddThis.com... Sustainable Buildings & Campuses Operations & Maintenance Greenhouse Gases Water Efficiency Data Center Energy Efficiency Energy Consumption Trends

103

Energy Efficiency Trends in Residential and Commercial Buildings...  

Energy Savers [EERE]

Energy Efficiency Trends in Residential and Commercial Buildings - August 2010 Energy Efficiency Trends in Residential and Commercial Buildings - August 2010 Overview of building...

104

Demand Response National Trends: Implications for the West? ...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

National Trends: Implications for the West? Demand Response National Trends: Implications for the West? Committee on Regional Electric Power Cooperation. San Francisco, CA. March...

105

"Table 2. Real Gross Domestic Product Growth Trends, Projected...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Real Gross Domestic Product Growth Trends, Projected vs. Actual" "Projected Real GDP Growth Trend" " cumulative average percent growth in projected real GDP from first year shown...

106

Recent Trends in Car Usage in Advanced Economies - Slower Growth...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Trends in Car Usage in Advanced Economies - Slower Growth Ahead? Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: Recent Trends in Car Usage in Advanced Economies -...

107

Research on Development Trends of Power Load Forecasting Methods  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In practical problem, number of samples is often limited, for complex issues such as power load forecasting, generally available historical data and information of impact factor are very ... support vector mechan...

Litong Dong; Jun Xu; Haibo Liu; Ying Guo

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

108

Developments and Trends of Molecularly Imprinted Solid-Phase Microextraction  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......such as high porosity and good thermal and chemical stability. The...MIP-coated SPME fibers with Sudan I as a template. In surface...reported detailed studies on the thermal stability of monolithic fibers...08-0.25 microg/L 64 Sudan dyes Chili tomato sauce and......

Maosheng Zhang; Jingbin Zeng; Yiru Wang; Xi Chen

2013-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

109

Cooking Trends from 1993 to 2001  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Home Page U.S. Energy Information Administration's Residential Buildings Site, Cooking Trends from 1993 to 2001. If you need assistance viewing this page, call 202-586-8800. Energy Information Adiministration Homepage Home Page U.S. Energy Information Administration's Residential Buildings Site, Cooking Trends from 1993 to 2001. If you need assistance viewing this page, call 202-586-8800. Energy Information Adiministration Homepage Home > Residential > Residential Home Page > Cooking Trends from 1993 to 2001 Cooking Trends in the United States : Are We Really Becoming a Fast Food Country? Graphic of vegetables A popular perception is that Americans now spend less time in the kitchen than in the past. Has there been an identifiable trend toward cooking less in the 1990s, or have cooking habits remained relatively constant over that period? And what characteristics of American households can be seen to influence their cooking patterns? The Residential Energy Consumption Survey (RECS) collects data on household characteristics as well as on residential energy consumption. The first RECS was conducted in 1978 and the eleventh and most recent survey was conducted in 2001. This report will refer to data collected in the 1993 and 2001 RECS.

110

Exponential smoothing with a damped multiplicative trend  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Multiplicative trend exponential smoothing has received very little attention in the literature. It involves modelling the local slope by smoothing successive ratios of the local level, and this leads to a forecast function that is the product of level and growth rate. By contrast, the popular Holt method uses an additive trend formulation. It has been argued that more real series have multiplicative trends than additive. However, even if this is true, it seems likely that the more conservative forecast function of the Holt method will be more robust when applied in an automated way to a large batch of series with different types of trend. In view of the improvements in accuracy seen in dampening the Holt method, in this paper we investigate a new damped multiplicative trend approach. An empirical study, using the monthly time series from the M3-Competition, gave encouraging results for the new approach at a range of forecast horizons, when compared to the established exponential smoothing methods.

James W. Taylor

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

111

Recent trends in automobile recycling: An energy and economic assessment  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Recent and anticipated trends in the material composition of domestic and imported automobiles and the increasing cost of landfilling the non-recyclable portion of automobiles (automobile shredder residue or ASR) pose questions about the future of automobile recycling. This report documents the findings of a study sponsored by the US Department of Energy`s Office of Environmental Analysis to examine the impacts of these and other relevant trends on the life-cycle energy consumption of automobiles and on the economic viability of the domestic automobile recycling industry. More specifically, the study (1) reviewed the status of the automobile recycling industry in the United States, including the current technologies used to process scrapped automobiles and the challenges facing the automobile recycling industry; (2) examined the current status and future trends of automobile recycling in Europe and Japan, with the objectives of identifying ``lessons learned`` and pinpointing differences between those areas and the United States; (3) developed estimates of the energy system impacts of the recycling status quo and projections of the probable energy impacts of alternative technical and institutional approaches to recycling; and (4) identified the key policy questions that will determine the future economic viability of automobile shredder facilities in the United States.

Curlee, T.R.; Das, S.; Rizy, C.G. [Oak Ridge National Lab., TN (United States); Schexanyder, S.M. [Tennessee Univ., Knoxville, TN (United States). Dept. of Biochemistry

1994-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

112

Trends in Multidisciplinary Engineering Education, MA&O 2006 Trends in Multidisciplinary Engineering  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of the context in which engineering is practiced Economics (including business practice) History The environmentTrends in Multidisciplinary Engineering Education, MA&O 2006 Page 1 Trends in Multidisciplinary Engineering Education: 2006 and Beyond Awards Luncheon Olivier de Weck and Karen WillcoxOlivier de Weck

Peraire, Jaime

113

Cover Page of Household Vehicles Energy Use: Latest Data & Trends  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Household Vehicles Energy Use Cover Page Cover Page of Household Vehicles Energy Use: Latest Data & Trends...

114

Trends in Utility Green Pricing Programs (2006)  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Trends in Utility Green Trends in Utility Green Pricing Programs (2006) Lori Bird and Marshall Kaiser Technical Report NREL/TP-670-42287 October 2007 NREL is operated by Midwest Research Institute ● Battelle Contract No. DE-AC36-99-GO10337 National Renewable Energy Laboratory 1617 Cole Boulevard, Golden, Colorado 80401-3393 303-275-3000 * www.nrel.gov Operated for the U.S. Department of Energy Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy by Midwest Research Institute * Battelle Contract No. DE-AC36-99-GO10337 Technical Report NREL/TP-670-42287 October 2007 Trends in Utility Green Pricing Programs (2006) Lori Bird and Marshall Kaiser Prepared under Task No. IGST.7330 NOTICE This report was prepared as an account of work sponsored by an agency of the United States government.

115

Natural Gas 1995 Issues and Trends  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

5) 5) Distribution Category UC-950 Natural Gas 1995 Issues and Trends November 1995 Energy Information Administration Office of Oil and Gas U.S. Department of Energy Washington, DC 20585 This report was prepared by the Energy Information Administration, the independent statistical and analytical agency within the Department of Energy. The information contained herein should not be construed as advocating or reflecting any policy position of the Department of Energy or any other organization. Energy Information Administration Natural Gas 1995: Issues and Trends iii Preface Natural Gas 1995: Issues and Trends has been prepared by the Energy Information Administration (EIA) to provide a summary of the latest data and information relating to the natural gas industry, including prices, production, transmission,

116

DataTrends Energy Use Benchmarking  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Benchmarking Benchmarking The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency's (EPA) ENERGY STAR Portfolio Manager is changing the way organizations track and manage energy. As of December 2011, organizations have used Portfolio Manager to track and manage the energy use of over 260,000 buildings across all 50 states, representing over 28 billion square feet (nearly 40% of the commercial market). Because of this widespread market adoption, EPA has prepared the DataTrends series to examine benchmarking and trends in energy and water consumption in Portfolio Manager. To learn more, visit www.energystar.gov/DataTrends. Many different types of organizations use Portfolio Manager to benchmark the energy use of their buildings. Office, K-12

117

Trends in Utility Green Pricing Programs (2004)  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Trends in Utility Green Trends in Utility Green Pricing Programs (2004) Lori Bird and Elizabeth Brown Technical Report NREL/TP-620-38800 October 2005 Trends in Utility Green Pricing Programs (2004) Lori Bird and Elizabeth Brown Prepared under Task No. ASG5.1003 Technical Report NREL/TP-620-38800 October 2005 National Renewable Energy Laboratory 1617 Cole Boulevard, Golden, Colorado 80401-3393 303-275-3000 * www.nrel.gov Operated for the U.S. Department of Energy Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy by Midwest Research Institute * Battelle Contract No. DE-AC36-99-GO10337 NOTICE This report was prepared as an account of work sponsored by an agency of the United States government. Neither the United States government nor any agency thereof, nor any of their employees, makes any

118

Natural Gas 1994: Issues and Trends  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

4) 4) Distribution Category UC-950 Natural Gas 1994 Issues and Trends July 1994 Energy Information Administration Office of Oil and Gas U.S. Department of Energy Washington, DC 20585 This report was prepared by the Energy Information Administration, the independent statistical and analytical agency within the Department of Energy. The information contained herein should not be construed as advocating or reflecting any policy position of the Department of Energy or any other organization. ii Natural Gas 1994: Issues and Trends Energy Information Administration Contacts Natural Gas 1994: Issues and Trends was prepared by the Energy Information Administration, Office of Oil and Gas, under the direction of Diane W. Lique (202/586-6401). General information concerning this report may be obtained from Joan

119

Natural Gas 1996: Issues and Trends  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

6) 6) Distribution Category UC-950 Natural Gas 1996 Issues and Trends December 1996 Energy Information Administration Office of Oil and Gas U.S. Department of Energy Washington, DC 20585 This report was prepared by the Energy Information Administration, the independent statistical and analytical agency within the Department of Energy. The information contained herein should not be construed as advocating or reflecting any policy position of the Department of Energy or any other organization. Energy Information Administration Natural Gas 1996: Issues and Trends iii Preface Natural Gas 1996: Issues and Trends provides a summary of  Chapter 1. "Overview," Mary E. Carlson (202/586-4749). the latest data and information relating to the U.S. natural gas

120

EIA - AEO2010 - Trends in Economic Activity  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Trends in Economic Activity Trends in Economic Activity Annual Energy Outlook 2010 with Projections to 2035 Trends in Economic Activity Real gross domestic product returns to its pre-recession level by 2011 AEO2010 presents three views of economic growth (Figure 31). The rate of growth in real GDP depends on assumptions about labor force growth and productivity. In the Reference case, growth in real GDP averages 2.4 percent per year. Figure 31. Average annual growth rates of real GDP, labot force, and productivity in three cases, 2008-2035 Click to enlarge » Figure source and data excel logo Figure 32. Average annual inflation, interest, and unemployment rates in three cases, 2008-2035 Click to enlarge » Figure source and data excel logo Figure 33. Sectoral composition of industrial output growth rates in three cases, 2008-2035

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "development trends depicted" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


121

Trends and balances: 1985-1990  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This is the seventh edition of Trends and Balances to be presented to the staff of Oak Ridge National (ORNL) and other interested parties. Each year at the end of the planning cycle the Laboratory publishes its official planning document, the Institutional Plan. Trends and Balances is brought out as a condensation of that more formal document and is intended to provide a reference to the kinds of plans that have occupied senior laboratory management over the past year. An institution as large as ORNL changes slowly, so some of the information in this document overlaps that contained in the previous edition of Trends and Balances. Much, however, is different. A new section, for example, describes what senior Laboratory management feels are five new directions for science and technology at ORNL. This document is intended to provide new insights into the programs and structure of the Laboratory.

Not Available

1985-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

122

Condensation temperature trends among stars with planets  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Results from detailed spectroscopic analyses of stars hosting massive planets are employed to search for trends between abundances and condensation temperatures. The elements C, S, Na, Mg, Al, Ca, Sc, Ti, V, Cr, Mn, Fe, Ni and Zn are included in the analysis of 64 stars with planets and 33 comparison stars. No significant trends are evident in the data. This null result suggests that accretion of rocky material onto the photospheres of stars with planets is not the primary explanation for their high metallicities. However, the differences between the solar photospheric and meteoritic abundances do display a weak but significant trend with condensation temperature. This suggests that the metallicity of the sun's envelope has been enriched relative to its interior by about 0.07 dex.

Guillermo Gonzalez

2005-12-08T23:59:59.000Z

123

Annual Energy Outlook 2000 - Market Trend  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

mrktrend.gif (2686 bytes) Economic Activity International Oil Markets Energy Demand Electricity Oil & Natural Gas Coal Emissions The projections in AEO2000 are not statements of what will happen but of what might happen, given the assumptions and methodologies used. The projections are business-as-usual trend forecasts, given known technology, technological and demographic trends, and current laws and regulations. Thus, they provide a policy-neutral reference case that can be used to analyze policy initiatives. EIA does not propose, advocate, or speculate on future legislative and regulatory changes. All laws are assumed to remain as currently enacted; however, the impacts of emerging regulatory changes, when defined, are reflected.

124

Persistent collective trend in stock markets  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Empirical evidence is given for a significant difference in the collective trend of the share prices during the stock index rising and falling periods. Data on the Dow Jones Industrial Average and its stock components are studied between 1991 and 2008. Pearson-type correlations are computed between the stocks and averaged over stock pairs and time. The results indicate a general trend: whenever the stock index is falling the stock prices are changing in a more correlated manner than in case the stock index is ascending. A thorough statistical analysis of the data shows that the observed difference is significant, suggesting a constant fear factor among stockholders.

Emeric Balogh; Ingve Simonsen; Blint Zs. Nagy; Zoltn Nda

2010-12-13T23:59:59.000Z

125

New Report Shows Trend Toward Larger Offshore Wind Systems, with 11  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Report Shows Trend Toward Larger Offshore Wind Systems, with 11 Report Shows Trend Toward Larger Offshore Wind Systems, with 11 Advanced Stage Projects Proposed in U.S. Waters New Report Shows Trend Toward Larger Offshore Wind Systems, with 11 Advanced Stage Projects Proposed in U.S. Waters October 23, 2013 - 10:52am Addthis The Energy Department today released a new report showing progress for the U.S. offshore wind energy market in 2012, including the completion of two commercial lease auctions for federal Wind Energy Areas and 11 commercial-scale U.S. projects representing over 3,800 megawatts (MW) of capacity reaching an advanced stage of development. Further, the report highlights global trends toward building offshore turbines in deeper waters and using larger, more efficient turbines in offshore wind farms, increasing the amount of electricity delivered to consumers.

126

New trends in cometary chemistry Jacques Crovisier  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

New trends in cometary chemistry Jacques Crovisier Received 29th November 2005, Accepted 19th some of the implications of new comet observations for cometary chemistry: recent observations in the coma by the sublimation of nucleus ices. This technique has been in use since the beginnings

Demoulin, Pascal

127

Outdoor Recreation Participation Trends in Texas  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Outdoor recreation is a popular pastime in Texas. This publication reports on the participation and trends in outdoor recreation in the U.S. and Texas revealed in the National Survey on Recreation and the Environment conducted by the U.S. Forest...

Schuett, Michael A.; Shafer, Carl Scott; Lu, Jiaying

2009-01-06T23:59:59.000Z

128

INEEL Greenhouse Gas Inventory and Trend Analysis  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The objective of the INEEL GHG Inventory and Trend Analysis is to establish INEEL expertise in carbon management decision making and policy analysis. This FY-99 effort is the first step toward placing the INEEL in a leadership role within the DOE laboratories to support carbon management systems and analysis.

Shropshire, David Earl; Teel, Dale Milton

2000-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

129

Trends in Spatial Data Shashi Shekhar  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Chapter 3 Trends in Spatial Data Mining Shashi Shekhar , Pusheng Zhang , Yan Huang , Ranga Raju, Minneapolis, MN 55455 Abstract: Spatial data mining is the process of discovering interesting and previously traditional numeric and categorical data due to the complexity of spatial data types, spatial relationships

Huang, Yan

130

Look at the trends in business graphics  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Imagine the possibilities of artificial intelligence combined with animated graphics. More realistically the authors examine certain trends in computer graphics and follow them through to their logical extension in about five years. Predictions include voice activated systems with Icon symbols to enhance communication with applications in production control and a number of business functions.

Jarrett, I.M.; Putnam, L.

1983-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

131

Household Vehicles Energy Use: Latest Data & Trends  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

This page left blank. E N E R G Y O V E RV I E W ENERGY INFORMATION ADMINISTRATIONHOUSEHOLD VEHICLES ENERGY USE: LATEST DATA & TRENDS ENERGY OVERVIEW E N E R G Y O V E RV I E W...

132

Development Development  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Programme 2007 - 2010 The aim of the Timber Development Programme (TDP) is "to contribute to the sustainable development to underpin sustainable forest management and support economic growth and employment acrossDevelopment Timber Development Programme 2007 - 2010 #12;2 | Timber Development Programme 2007

133

Trend Motif: A Graph Mining Approach for Analysis of Dynamic Complex Networks  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Complex networks have been used successfully in scientific disciplines ranging from sociology to microbiology to describe systems of interacting units. Until recently, studies of complex networks have mainly focused on their network topology. However, in many real world applications, the edges and vertices have associated attributes that are frequently represented as vertex or edge weights. Furthermore, these weights are often not static, instead changing with time and forming a time series. Hence, to fully understand the dynamics of the complex network, we have to consider both network topology and related time series data. In this work, we propose a motif mining approach to identify trend motifs for such purposes. Simply stated, a trend motif describes a recurring subgraph where each of its vertices or edges displays similar dynamics over a userdefined period. Given this, each trend motif occurrence can help reveal significant events in a complex system; frequent trend motifs may aid in uncovering dynamic rules of change for the system, and the distribution of trend motifs may characterize the global dynamics of the system. Here, we have developed efficient mining algorithms to extract trend motifs. Our experimental validation using three disparate empirical datasets, ranging from the stock market, world trade, to a protein interaction network, has demonstrated the efficiency and effectiveness of our approach.

Jin, R; McCallen, S; Almaas, E

2007-05-28T23:59:59.000Z

134

Trends in Commercial Buildings--Overview  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Home > Trends in Commercial Buildings > Commercial Home > Trends in Commercial Buildings > Commercial Buildings Energy Consumption Survey Survey Methodology Sampling Error, Standard Errors, and Relative Standard Errors The Commercial Buildings Energy Consumption Survey The commercial sector consists of business establishments and other organizations that provide services. The sector includes service businesses, such as retail and wholesale stores, hotels and motels, restaurants, and hospitals, as well as a wide range of buildings that would not be considered “commercial” in a traditional economic sense, such as public schools, correctional institutions, and religious and fraternal organizations. Excluded from the sector are the goods-producing industries: manufacturing, agriculture, mining, forestry and fisheries, and construction.

135

Trends in Utility Green Pricing Programs (2003)  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

33 33 Trends in Utility Green Pricing Programs (2003) Lori Bird and Karen Cardinal National Renewable Energy Laboratory 1617 Cole Boulevard, Golden, Colorado 80401-3393 303-275-3000 * www.nrel.gov Operated for the U.S. Department of Energy Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy by Midwest Research Institute * Battelle Contract No. DE-AC36-99-GO10337 September 2004 * NREL/TP-620-36833 Trends in Utility Green Pricing Programs (2003) Lori Bird and Karen Cardinal Prepared under Task No. ASG4.1003 National Renewable Energy Laboratory 1617 Cole Boulevard, Golden, Colorado 80401-3393 303-275-3000 * www.nrel.gov Operated for the U.S. Department of Energy Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy by Midwest Research Institute * Battelle

136

Annual Energy Outlook 1999 - Market Trend  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

mrktrend.gif (2686 bytes) mrktrend.gif (2686 bytes) Economic Activity International Oil Markets Energy Demand Electricity Oil & Natural Gas Coal Emissions The projections in AEO99 are not statements of what will happen but of what might happen, given the assumptions and methodologies used. The projections are business-as-usual trend forecasts, given known technology, technological and demographic trends, and current laws and regulations. Thus, they provide a policy-neutral reference case that can be used to analyze policy initiatives. EIA does not propose, advocate, or speculate on future legislative and regulatory changes. All laws are assumed to remain as currently enacted; however, the impacts of emerging regulatory changes, when defined, are reflected. Because energy markets are complex, models are simplified representations of energy production and consumption, regulations, and producer and consumer behavior. Projections are highly dependent on the data, methodologies, model structures,

137

Overview of Commercial Buildings, 2003 - Trends  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Trends in Commercial Buildings Sector-1979 to 2003 Trends in Commercial Buildings Sector-1979 to 2003 Since the first CBECS in 1979, the commercial buildings sector has increased in size. From 1979 to 2003: The number of commercial buildings increased from 3.8 million to 4.9 million (Figure 3). The amount of commercial floorspace increased from 51 billion to 72 billion square feet (Figure 4). Total energy consumed increased from less than 5,900 trillion to more than 6,500 trillion Btu (Figure 5). Electricity and natural gas consumption, nearly equal in 1979, diverged; electricity increased to more than 3,500 trillion Btu by 2003 while natural gas declined to 2,100 trillion Btu. Figure 3. The number of commercial buildings increased from 1979 to 2003. Figure 3. The number of commercial buildings increased from 1979 to 2003.

138

Retrospective Evaluation of Appliance Price Trends  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Evaluation of Appliance Price Trends Evaluation of Appliance Price Trends Title Retrospective Evaluation of Appliance Price Trends Publication Type Journal Article Year of Publication 2009 Authors Dale, Larry L., Camille Antinori, Michael A. McNeil, James E. McMahon, and Sydny K. Fujita Journal Energy Policy Volume 37 Issue 2 Pagination 597-605 Date Published November 20 Keywords appliance efficiency standards, price forecasts, EES-EG Abstract Real prices of major appliances (refrigerators, dishwashers, heating and cooling equipment) have been falling since the late 1970s despite increases in appliance efficiency and other quality variables. This paper demonstrates that historic increases in efficiency over time, including those resulting from minimum efficiency standards, incur smaller price increases than were expected by the Department of Energy (DOE) forecasts made in conjunction with standards. This effect can be explained by technological innovation, which lowers the cost of efficiency, and by market changes contributing to lower markups and economies of scale in production of higher efficiency units. We reach four principal conclusions about appliance trends and retail price setting:1. For the past several decades, the retail price of appliances has been steadily falling while efficiency has been increasing.2. Past retail price predictions made by the DOE analyses of efficiency standards, assuming constant prices over time, have tended to overestimate retail prices.3. The average incremental price to increase appliance efficiency has declined over time. DOE technical support documents have typically overestimated this incremental price and retail prices.4. Changes in retail markups and economies of scale in production of more efficient appliances may have contributed to declines in prices of efficient appliances.

139

WRI-Earth Trends Data | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

WRI-Earth Trends Data WRI-Earth Trends Data Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: WRI-Earth Trends Data Agency/Company /Organization: World Resources Institute Sector: Energy Resource Type: Dataset, Maps Website: www.wri.org/project/earthtrends WRI-Earth Trends Data Screenshot References: Earth Trends Data[1] About "Based on the World Resources series, EarthTrends is a free on-line resource that highlights the environmental, social, and economic trends that shape our world. The site offers the public a comprehensive collection of vital statistics, maps, and graphics for more than 200 countries. Much of the environmental information on the internet is fragmented, buried, or only available at a price. EarthTrends gathers data from more than 40 of the world's leading statistical agencies, along with

140

Origin of two differentiation trends in the Emeishan flood basalts  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Both the Bowen and Fenner differentiation trends have been recognized in the ... , the lavas from Guizhou evolved along the Fenner trend leading to the magmas with high...2O3 (23%) and low SiO2 (44%) contents. Th...

Yigang Xu; Houjun Mei; Jifeng Xu; Xiaolong Huang; Yuejun Wang

2003-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "development trends depicted" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


141

Methodological trends in the design of recent microenvironmental studies of personal CO exposure  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This paper describes the designs of three recent microenvironmental studies of personal exposure to carbon monoxide (CO) from motor vehicle exhaust. These studies were conducted sequentially, first in four California cities (Los Angeles, Mountain View, Palo Alto, and San Francisco), then in Honolulu, and, most recently, in metropolitan Washington, D.C. Though study purposes differed, each study faced common methodological issues related to personal exposure monitors (PEMs), quality assurance and data collection procedures, and the selection of microenvironments for study. Two major objectives of the California cities study were to determine the CO concentrations typically found in commercial settings and to define and classify microenvironments applicable to such settings: The Honolulu study measured merchant exposure to CO in shopping centers attached to semienclosed parking garages during business hours and commuter exposure to CO in vehicles (passenger cars and buses) on congested roadways during peak periods. The intent of the Washington study was to develop a model of commuter exposure to motor vehicle exhaust using CO as an indicator pollutant. Certain trends are discernible from reviewing the three studies. There are clearly trends in PEM development that have expanded instrument capabilities and automated data collection and storage. There are also trends towards more rigorous quality assurance procedures and more standardized protocols for collecting exposure data. Further, one can see a trend towards more elaborate indicators for identifying microenvironments for study. Finally, there is a trend towards using personal monitors in public policy review and evaluation.

Peter G. Flachsbart

1988-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

142

PREFERRED WATERFLOOD MANAGEMENT PRACTICES FOR THE SPRABERRY TREND AREA  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This report describes the work performed during the second year of the project, ''Preferred Waterflood Management Practices for the Spraberry Trend Area''. The objective of this project is to significantly increase field-wide production in the Spraberry Trend in a short time frame through the application of preferred practices for managing and optimizing water injection. Our goal is to dispel negative attitudes and lack of confidence in water injection and to document the methodology and results for public dissemination to motivate waterflood expansion in the Spraberry Trend. To achieve this objective, in this period we concentrated our effort on characterization of Germania Unit using an analog field ET ODaniel unit and old cased hole neutron. Petrophysical Characterization of the Germania Spraberry units requires a unique approach for a number of reasons--limited core data, lack of modern log data and absence of directed studies within the unit. The need for characterization of the Germania unit has emerged as a first step in the review, understanding and enhancement of the production practices applicable within the unit and the trend area in general. In the absence or lack of the afore mentioned resources, an approach that will rely heavily on previous petrophysical work carried out in the neighboring ET O'Daniel unit (6.2 miles away), and normalization of the old log data prior to conventional interpretation techniques will be used. A log-based rock model has been able to guide successfully the prediction of pay and non-pay intervals within the ET O'Daniel unit, and will be useful if found applicable within the Germania unit. A novel multiple regression technique utilizing non-parametric transformations to achieve better correlations in predicting a dependent variable (permeability) from multiple independent variables (rock type, shale volume and porosity) will also be investigated in this study. A log data base includes digitized formats of Gamma Ray, Cased Hole Neutron, limited Resistivity and Neutron/Density/Sonic porosity logs over a considerable wide area. In addition, a progress report on GSU waterflood pilot is reported for this period. We have seen positive response of water injection on new wells. We believe by proper data acquisition and precise reservoir engineering techniques, any lack of confidence in waterflooding can be overcome. Therefore, we develop field management software to control a vast data from the pilot and to perform precise reservoir engineering techniques such as decline curve analysis, gas and oil material balances, bubble map plot and PVT analysis. The manual for this software is listed in the Appendix-A.

C. M. Sizemore; David S. Schechter

2003-08-13T23:59:59.000Z

143

TRENDS Working Paper 05-03 1 Trends in Old-Age Functioning and Disability in Japan:1993-2002  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

#12;TRENDS Working Paper 05-03 1 Trends in Old-Age Functioning and Disability in Japan:1993 Working Paper 05-03 2 Trends in Old-Age Functioning and Disability in Japan:1993-2002 Abstract Disability with those found in the US. Japan is an especially interesting country because its age structure

Shyy, Wei

144

UNEP Global Trends in Sustainable Energy Investment 2009 Report | Open  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

UNEP Global Trends in Sustainable Energy Investment 2009 Report UNEP Global Trends in Sustainable Energy Investment 2009 Report Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: UNEP Global Trends in Sustainable Energy Investment 2009 Report Agency/Company /Organization: United Nations Environment Programme Sector: Energy Topics: Market analysis, Finance Website: sefi.unep.org/fileadmin/media/sefi/docs/publications/Global_Trends_200 References: UNEP Global Trends in Sustainable Energy Investment 2009 Report[1] TABLE OF CONTENTS Foreword ................................................................................................................ 5 List of Figures ....................................................................................................... 7 Methodology and Definitions ...................................................................................

145

Trends Online: A Compendium of Data on Global Change  

DOE Data Explorer [Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)]

Data records are presented in multipage formats, each dealing with a specific site, region, or emissions species. The data records include tables; graphs; discussions of methods for collecting, measuring, and reporting the data; trends in the data, and references to literature providing further information. Instructions for citing specific data in Trends Online are provided for each compiled data set. All data appearing in Trends Online are available, on request, on digital media from CDIAC at no cost. [Copied from the Abstract to Trends Online at http://cdiac.ornl.gov/trends/abstract.htm

146

Flow Boiling Heat Transfer Coefficient In Minichannels Correlation and Trends Satish G. Kandlikar  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Flow Boiling Heat Transfer Coefficient In Minichannels ­ Correlation and Trends Satish G. Kandlikar York 14623, USA The flow boiling heat transfer in small diameter passages is being applied in many boiling heat transfer coefficient with the correlations developed for conventional channels. It is found

Kandlikar, Satish

147

GREEN BUILDING TRENDS How Green Building Impacted the National Capital Region Between 2003 and 2009  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

as the standard in sustainable building design, construction, and operations. Scale of LEED Development Through indicate that a new era of green building is emerging as green building standards shape state and localGREEN BUILDING TRENDS How Green Building Impacted the National Capital Region Between 2003 and 2009

148

Transportation Energy Efficiency Trends, 1972--1992  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The US transportation sector, which remains 97% dependent on petroleum, used a record 22.8 quads of energy in 1993. Though growing much more slowly than the economy from 1975 to 1985, energy use for transportation is now growing at nearly the same rate as GDP. This report describes the analysis of trends in energy use and energy intensity in transportation into components due to, (1) growth in transportation activity, (2) changes in energy intensity, and (3) changes in the modal structure of transportation activities.

Greene, D.L. [Oak Ridge National Lab., TN (United States); Fan, Y. [Oak Ridge Associated Universities, Inc., TN (United States)

1994-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

149

Trends in Utility Green Pricing Programs (2005)  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

This report presents year-end 2005 data on utility green pricing programs, and examines trends in consumer response and program implementation over time. The data in this report, which were obtained via a questionnaire distributed to utility green pricing program managers, can be used by utilities to benchmark the success of their green power programs. It is important to note that this report covers only a portion of voluntary markets for renewable energy. It does not cover green power sold by independent marketers except for cases in which the marketers work in conjunction with utilities or default electricity suppliers.

150

Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #640: September 13, 2010 Monthly Trends  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

0: September 13, 0: September 13, 2010 Monthly Trends in Vehicle Miles of Travel to someone by E-mail Share Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #640: September 13, 2010 Monthly Trends in Vehicle Miles of Travel on Facebook Tweet about Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #640: September 13, 2010 Monthly Trends in Vehicle Miles of Travel on Twitter Bookmark Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #640: September 13, 2010 Monthly Trends in Vehicle Miles of Travel on Google Bookmark Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #640: September 13, 2010 Monthly Trends in Vehicle Miles of Travel on Delicious Rank Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #640: September 13, 2010 Monthly Trends in Vehicle Miles of Travel on Digg Find More places to share Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #640: September 13, 2010 Monthly Trends in Vehicle Miles of Travel on

151

Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #599: November 30, 2009 Historical Trend  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

9: November 30, 9: November 30, 2009 Historical Trend for Light Vehicle Sales to someone by E-mail Share Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #599: November 30, 2009 Historical Trend for Light Vehicle Sales on Facebook Tweet about Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #599: November 30, 2009 Historical Trend for Light Vehicle Sales on Twitter Bookmark Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #599: November 30, 2009 Historical Trend for Light Vehicle Sales on Google Bookmark Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #599: November 30, 2009 Historical Trend for Light Vehicle Sales on Delicious Rank Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #599: November 30, 2009 Historical Trend for Light Vehicle Sales on Digg Find More places to share Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #599: November 30, 2009 Historical Trend for Light Vehicle Sales on

152

New England Wind Forum: Cost Trends  

Wind Powering America (EERE)

Cost Trends Cost Trends Figure 1: Cost of Energy and Cumulative Domestic Capacity This graph shows how the cumulative domestic wind capacity (MW) has increased since 1980, while the cost of energy from wind power has declined by a factor of approximately 20 times during the same period but has increased slightly since 2001. Click on the image to view a larger version. This graph shows how the cumulative domestic wind capacity (MW) has increased since 1980, while the cost of energy from wind power has declined by a factor of approximately 20 times during the same period but has increased slightly since 2001. View a larger version of the graph. Overall, the wind industry is experiencing long-term decreases in the cost to produce wind-generated electricity (Figure 1), despite recent short-term increases in upfront equipment costs. Even in the short term, however, the effect of increases in up-front capital costs on the cost of energy from wind power projects has been dampened by improvements in energy capture from the wind and decreases in operating and maintenance costs.

153

Recent Trends in Crude Oil Stock Levels  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

J J J J J J J J J J J J J J J J J J J J J J J J J J J J J J J J J 0 280 300 320 340 360 380 400 420 1981 1982 1983 1984 1985 1986 1987 1988 1989 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 Average Range: 1993-1995 Recent Trends in Crude Oil Stock Levels by Aileen A. Bohn Energy Information Administration (EIA) data for March 1996 primary inventories of crude oil were the lowest recorded in almost 20 years. Crude oil inventories, which were generally on a downward trend since the beginning of 1995, fell below the average range in July 1995 and have yet to recover (Figure FE1). On September 27, 1996, crude oil stocks registered 303 million barrels, compared to a normal range of nearly 311 to 332 million barrels for September. 1 Low crude oil inventories can cause price volatility in crude oil markets. 2 When inventories are low, refiners resort to

154

Trends and Future Challenges in Sampling the Deep Terrestrial Biosphere  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Research in the deep terrestrial biosphere is driven by interest in novel biodiversity and metabolisms, biogeochemical cycling, and the impact of human activities on this ecosystem. As this interest continues to grow, it is important to ensure that when subsurface investigations are proposed, materials recovered from the subsurface are sampled and preserved in an appropriate manner to limit contamination and ensure preservation of accurate microbial, geochemical, and mineralogical signatures. On February 20th, 2014, a workshop on Trends and Future Challenges in Sampling The Deep Subsurface was coordinated in Columbus, Ohio by The Ohio State University and West Virginia University faculty, and sponsored by The Ohio State University and the Sloan Foundations Deep Carbon Observatory. The workshop aims were to identify and develop best practices for the collection, preservation, and analysis of terrestrial deep rock samples. This document summarizes the information shared during this workshop.

Wilkins, Michael J.; Daly, Rebecca; Mouser, Paula J.; Trexler, Ryan; Sharma, Shihka; Cole, David R.; Wrighton, Kelly C.; Biddle , Jennifer F.; Denis, Elizabeth; Fredrickson, Jim K.; Kieft, Thomas L.; Onstott, T. C.; Peterson, Lee; Pfiffner, Susan M.; Phelps, Tommy J.; Schrenk, Matthew O.

2014-09-12T23:59:59.000Z

155

Renewable Energy Finance Tracking Initiative (REFTI) Solar Trend Analysis  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This report is a summary of the finance trends for small-scale solar photovoltaic (PV) projects (PV <1 MW), large-scale PV projects (PV greater than or equal to 1 MW), and concentrated solar power projects as reported in the National Renewable Energy Laboratory's Renewable Energy Finance Tracking Initiative (REFTI). The report presents REFTI data during the five quarterly periods from the fourth quarter of 2009 to the first half of 2011. The REFTI project relies exclusively on the voluntary participation of industry stakeholders for its data; therefore, it does not offer a comprehensive view of the technologies it tracks. Despite this limitation, REFTI is the only publicly available resource for renewable energy project financial terms. REFTI analysis offers usable inputs into the project economic evaluations of developers and investors, as well as the policy assessments of public utility commissions and others in the renewable energy industry.

Hubbell, R.; Lowder, T.; Mendelsohn, M.; Cory, K.

2012-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

156

Biofuels Issues and Trends - Energy Information Administration  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Full report Biofuels Issues and Trends Release date: October 15, 2012 (updated October 18, 2012 for cellulosic production and October 23, 2012 for RSF2 volume clarification) Highlights Biofuels is a collective term for liquid fuels derived from renewable sources, including ethanol, biodiesel, and other renewable liquid fuels. This report focuses on ethanol and biodiesel, the most widely available biofuels. From 2009 to the middle of 2012, the U.S. biofuels industry increased its output and prepared to meet an expanded Renewable Fuel Standard (RFS2),1 which requires increasing volumes of biofuels use. In 2011, the biofuels industry transitioned away from tax incentives for non-cellulosic biofuels, which expired at the end of 2011. Annual ethanol and biodiesel consumption, production, imports, and exports during 2009-11

157

NERSC HPSS Storage Trends and Summaries  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Summaries Summaries Storage Trends and Summaries Total Bytes Utilized The growth in NERSC's storage systems amounts to roughly 1.7x per year. Total Bytes Utilized Number of Files Stored The growth in the number of files stored is less than the growth in the number of bytes stored as the average file size has increased over time. The average file size as of August 2003 is about 30 MB. The median file size is closer to 1 MB. Number of Files Monthly I/O The growth rate of I/O is roughly the same as the growth rate of the number of bytes stored. As a rough rule of thumb, the amount of I/O per month is about 10% to 14% of the amount of data residing in the storage systems. Additional graphs show the last 30 days of activity for the amount of I/O and the number of files transferred.

158

Energy Project Incentive Funds: Updates and Trends  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Project Incentive Funds Project Incentive Funds Updates and Trends Elizabeth Stuart Lawrence Berkeley National Lab FUPWG Spring Meeting - April 20, 2011 EE Funding Overview * Ratepayer-funded EE budget $5.3B in 2010 - Plus over $1B for DR/LM and $1.5B for renewables * Expected to reach $6B for EE in 2011 - Nearly double the 2008 figure ($3.1B) * Strong expansion expected to 2020 - Total expected to reach $7.5-12.4B (EE only) * It's not just the usual suspects anymore - Recent entrants: NM, MI, NC, AR, VA, OH, PA, IN... EE Funding - Current Picture * ~ 45 states have ratepayer-funded EE * 2010 budget (EE only) $5.3B (source: CEE) - $4.4B in 2009, $3.1B in 2008 and $0.8B in 1998 - ~ 80% on electric side ($4.3B); ~20% for gas EE

159

Trends in U.S. Residential Natural Gas Consumption  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Trends in U.S. Residential Natural Gas Consumption Trends in U.S. Residential Natural Gas Consumption This report presents an analysis of residential natural gas consumption trends in the United States through 2009 and analyzes consumption trends for the United States as a whole (1990 through 2009) and for each Census Division (1998 through 2009). It examines a long-term downward per- customer consumption trend and analyzes whether this trend persists across Census Divisions. The report also examines some of the factors that have contributed to the decline in per-customer consumption. To provide a more meaningful measure of per-customer consumption, EIA adjusted consumption data presented in the report for weather. Questions or comments on the contents of this article should be directed to Lejla Alic at Lejla.Alic@eia.doe.gov or (202) 586-0858.

160

IEA Renewables in Southeast Asian Countries: Trends and Potentials | Open  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Southeast Asian Countries: Trends and Potentials Southeast Asian Countries: Trends and Potentials Jump to: navigation, search Name IEA Renewables in Southeast Asian Countries: Trends and Potentials Agency/Company /Organization International Energy Agency Sector Energy Focus Area Renewable Energy, Biomass, Transportation Topics Market analysis, Policies/deployment programs Resource Type Publications Website http://www.iea.org/papers/2010 Country Indonesia, Thailand, Philippines, Vietnam, Singapore, Malaysia, Brunei, Cambodia, Laos, Myanmar UN Region South-Eastern Asia References IEA Renewables in Southeast Asian Countries: Trends and Potentials[1] "A main focus of the report investigates the potentials and barriers for scaling up market penetration of renewable energy technologies (RETs) in

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "development trends depicted" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


161

Price, costs and income trends for New Zealand pastoral farms.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??An investigation of inflationary adjusted historical price trends of New Zealand pastoral farmers??? income and expenses over the past thirty years was investigated . The (more)

Aitken, Tim

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

162

ORNL technology transfer continues strong upward trend | ornl...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Ron Walli Communications 865.576.0226 ORNL technology transfer continues strong upward trend Mike Paulus, director of Technology Transfer, says initiatives like SPARK have been...

163

TRENDS IN THE ORGANIZATION OF WORK IN THE UNITED STATES  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Explored in this paper are the potential effects on the American capitalist system of the latest trends in technology and the division of labor.

Kershenbaum, Richard

1970-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

164

Trending and root cause analysis of TWRS radiological problem reports  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This document provides a uniform method for trending and performing root cause analysis for radiological problem reports at Tank Waste Remediation System (TWRS).

Brown, R.L.

1997-07-31T23:59:59.000Z

165

Worldwide Trends in Energy Use and Efficiency: Key Insights from...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

www.iea.orgpapers2008indicators2008.pdf Equivalent URI: cleanenergysolutions.orgcontentworldwide-trends-energy-use-and-effic Language: English Policies:...

166

SciTech Connect: Blade Testing Trends (Presentation)  

Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

Org: Other Non-EERE Country of Publication: United States Language: English Subject: 17 WIND ENERGY BLADE TESTING; TRENDS; BIAXIAL TESTING; NATIONAL WIND TECHNOLOGY CENTER; NWTC;...

167

Corporate Clean Energy Investment Trends in Brazil, China, India...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Brazil, China, India and South Africa Jump to: navigation, search Name Corporate Clean Energy Investment Trends in Brazil, China, India and South Africa AgencyCompany...

168

11 California Petroleum Supply, Transportation, Refining and Marketing Trends  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

11 California Petroleum Supply, Transportation, Refining and Marketing Trends Chapter 2 CALIFORNIA PETROLEUM SUPPLY, TRANSPORTATION, REFINING AND MARKETING TRENDS INTRODUCTION California is an integral part of the world oil market as a world-scale petroleum consumer. Historically, about 50 percent of this petroleum

169

7, 1176111796, 2007 Global H2O trends  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

vapour is the most important natural greenhouse gas in the atmosphere and plays an essential roleACPD 7, 11761­11796, 2007 Global H2O trends from satellite measurements S. Mieruch et al. Title Chemistry and Physics Discussions Analysis of global water vapour trends from satellite measurements

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

170

Trends in Building Energy Usage in Texas State Agencies  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

figures for the fiscal years 1981 to 1983. While there is considerable diversity from agency to agency, the trend is toward dramatically higher energy cost per square foot for virtually all agencies. This alarming trend can be partially explained by rising...

Murphy, W. E.; Turner, W. D.; O'Neal, D. L.; Seshan, S.

1985-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

171

Trends in gastroenteritis-associated mortality in the United States, 19852005: variations by ICD-9 and ICD-10 codes  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Trends in gastroenteritis-associated mortality are changing over time with development of antibiotic resistant strains of certain pathogens, improved diagnostic methods, and changing healthcare. In 1999, ICD-1...

Jyotsna S Jagai; Genee S Smith; Judith E Schmid; Timothy J Wade

2014-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

172

NETL - World CO2 Emissions - Projected Trends Tool | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

NETL - World CO2 Emissions - Projected Trends Tool NETL - World CO2 Emissions - Projected Trends Tool Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: NETL - World CO2 Emissions - Projected Trends Tool Agency/Company /Organization: National Energy Technology Laboratory Sector: Energy Topics: GHG inventory Resource Type: Software/modeling tools Website: www.netl.doe.gov/energy-analyses/refshelf/results.asp?ptype=Models/Too References: NETL - World CO2 Emissions - Projected Trends Tool [1] NETL - World CO2 Emissions - Projected Trends Tool This interactive tool enables the user to look at both total and power sector CO2 emissions from the use of coal, oil, or natural gas, over the period 1990 to 2030. One can use the tool to compare five of the larger CO2 emitters to each other or to overall world emissions. The data are from the

173

1999 Commercial Buildings Characteristics--Trends in Commercial Buildings  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Trends in Commercial Buildings and Floorspace Trends in Commercial Buildings and Floorspace Trends in Commercial Buildings and Floorspace The addition of commercial buildings and floorspace from 1995 to 1999 continued the general trends noted since 1979 (Figures 1 and 2). The size of the commercial buildings has grown steadily over the twenty years of CBECS. Each year more buildings are added to the sector (new construction or conversion of pre-existing buildings to commercial activity) than are removed (demolition or conversion to non-commercial activity). The definition for the commercial buildings population was changed for the 1995 CBECS which resulted in a slightly smaller buildings population and accounts for the data break in both Figures 1 and 2 (see report "Trends in the Commercial Buildings Sector" for complete details). Figure 1. Total Commercial Buildings, 1979 to 1999

174

Functional Connectivity Magnetic Resonance Imaging Reveals Cortical Functional Connectivity in the Developing Brain  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

in the Developing Brain Weili Lin, Ph.D.^1 , Quan Zhu, M.S.^ 2 , Wei Gao, M.S.^ 3 , Yasheng Chen, D.Sc.^ 1 , Cheng was utilized to depict brain regions exhibiting temporal synchronization, also known as resting brain pixel-by-pixel throughout the entire brain, identifying regions with high temporal correlation. Results

Utah, University of

175

Review of trend analysis and climate change projections of extreme precipitation and floods in Europe  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Summary This paper presents a review of trend analysis of extreme precipitation and hydrological floods in Europe based on observations and future climate projections. The review summaries methods and methodologies applied and key findings from a large number of studies. Reported analyses of observed extreme precipitation and flood records show that there is some evidence of a general increase in extreme precipitation, whereas there are no clear indications of significant trends at large-scale regional or national level of extreme streamflow. Several studies from regions dominated by snowmelt-induced peak flows report decreases in extreme streamflow and earlier spring snowmelt peak flows, likely caused by increasing temperature. The review of likely future changes based on climate projections indicates a general increase in extreme precipitation under a future climate, which is consistent with the observed trends. Hydrological projections of peak flows show large impacts in many areas with both positive and negative changes. A general decrease in flood magnitude and earlier spring floods are projected for catchments with snowmelt-dominated peak flows, which is consistent with the observed trends. Finally, existing guidelines in Europe on design flood and design rainfall estimation are reviewed. The review shows that only few countries have developed guidelines that incorporate a consideration of climate change impacts.

H. Madsen; D. Lawrence; M. Lang; M. Martinkova; T.R. Kjeldsen

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

176

A depiction of imported malaria in Connecticut  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract In 2010, there were roughly 219 million cases of malaria reported worldwide resulting in an estimated 660,600 deaths [1]. In contrast, the total number of cases according to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) in the United States (USA) was only 1691 [2]. Of those, 1688 were cases of imported malaria [2]. This is the highest number of cases reported in U.S. since 1980 [2]. Here, we describe a case of imported malaria and conduct a retrospective case series at four Connecticut (CT) hospitals in order to describe the demographics of imported malaria and to identify potential barriers to timely diagnosis and treatment.

David Chia; Jorge O. Moreno; Steven I. Aronin; Rassull Suarez; Michael D. Virata; Chinedu A. Igwe; Howard Quentzel; Majid Sadigh

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

177

Training and Research Experiences in Nonlinear DynamicsTraining and Research Experiences in Nonlinear Dynamics TREND 2004TREND 2004  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Training and Research Experiences in Nonlinear DynamicsTraining and Research Experiences Shew, Santiago Triana, Daniel Zimmerman, and John Rodgers #12;Training and Research Experiences in Nonlinear DynamicsTraining and Research Experiences in Nonlinear Dynamics TREND 2004TREND 2004 Our Goals: u

Anlage, Steven

178

Training and Research Experiences in Nonlinear DynamicsTraining and Research Experiences in Nonlinear Dynamics TREND 2003TREND 2003  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Training and Research Experiences in Nonlinear DynamicsTraining and Research Experiences, Woodrow Shew, Daniel Sisan, Santiago Triana, Daniel Zimmerman #12;Training and Research Experiences in Nonlinear DynamicsTraining and Research Experiences in Nonlinear Dynamics TREND 2003TREND 2003 Our Goal: u

Anlage, Steven

179

Household Vehicles Energy Use: Latest Data & Trends  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

for a period of 1 year. VMT was calculated using (1) a regression method developed by Oak Ridge National Laboratories, Center for Transportation Analysis (2) two odometer...

180

Phyto remediation groundwater trends at the DOE portsmouth gaseous  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This paper describes the progress of a phyto-remediation action being performed at the Department of Energy (DOE) Portsmouth Gaseous Diffusion Plant (PORTS) X-740 Waste Oil Handling Facility to remediate contaminated groundwater under a Resource Conservation and Recovery Act (RCRA) closure action. This action was effected by an Ohio Environmental Protection Agency (OEPA) decision to use phyto-remediation as the preferred remedy for the X-740 groundwater contamination. This remedy was recognized as a cost-effective, low-maintenance, and promising method to remediate groundwater contaminated with volatile organic compounds (VOCs), primarily trichloroethylene (TCE). During 1999, prior to the tree installation at the X-740 Phyto-remediation Area, water level measurements in the area were collected from 10 monitoring wells completed in the Gallia Formation. The Gallia is the uppermost water-bearing zone and contains most of the groundwater contamination at PORTS. During the tree installation which took place during the summer of 1999, four new Gallia monitoring wells were installed at the X-740 Area in addition to the 10 Gallia wells which had been installed in the same area during the early 1990's. Manual water level measurements were collected quarterly from these 14 Gallia monitoring wells between 1998 and 2001. These manual water level measurements were collected to monitor the combined impact of the trees on the groundwater prior to root development. Beginning in 2001, water level measurements were collected monthly during the growing season (April-September) and quarterly during the dormant season (October-March). A total of eight water level measurements were collected annually to monitor the phyto-remediation system's effect on the groundwater in the X- 740 Area. The primary function of the X-740 Phyto-remediation Area is to hydraulically prevent further spreading of the TCE plume. This process utilizes deep-rooted plants, such as poplar trees, to extract large quantities of water from the saturated zone. The focus of any phyto-remediation system is to develop a cone of depression under the entire plantation area. This cone of depression can halt migration of the contaminant plume and can create a hydraulic barrier, thereby maintaining plume capture. While a cone of depression is not yet evident at the X-740 Phyto-remediation Area, water level measurements in 2004 and 2005 differed from measurements taken in previous years, indicating that the now mature trees are influencing groundwater flow direction and gradient at the site. Water level measurements taken from 2003 through 2005 indicate a trend whereby groundwater elevations steadily decreased in the X-740 Phyto-remediation System. During this time, an average groundwater table drop of 0.30 feet was observed. Although the time for the phyto-remediation system to mature had been estimated at two to three years, these monitoring data indicate a period of four to five years for the trees to reach maturity. Although, these trends are not apparent from analysis of the potentiometric surface contours, it does appear that the head gradient across the site is higher during the spring and lower during the fall. It is not clear, however, whether this trend was initiated by the installation of the phyto-remediation system. This paper will present the groundwater data collected to date to illustrate the effects of the trees on the groundwater table. (authors)

Lewis, A.C.; Baird, D.R. [CDM, Piketon, OH (United States)

2007-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "development trends depicted" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


181

The Trend of Global Capitalism Qiudong Wang  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

to well- developed camp but the rest goes to under-developed category. In this essay I will discuss from industrial revolution, West Europe Capitalism in the nineteenth century was engaged century. After that, western powers re-evaluated their imperialistic policy and saw a fundamental dilemma

Wang, Quidong

182

Renewable energy 1998: Issues and trends  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This report presents the following five papers: Renewable electricity purchases: History and recent developments; Transmission pricing issues for electricity generation from renewable resources; Analysis of geothermal heat pump manufacturers survey data; A view of the forest products industry from a wood energy perspective; and Wind energy developments: Incentives in selected countries. A glossary is included. 19 figs., 27 tabs.

NONE

1999-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

183

U.S. Railroad Safety Statistics and Trends  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Railroad Safety Statistics and Trends Railroad Safety Statistics and Trends Robert E. Fronczak, P.E. Assistant VP- Environment & Hazmat Association of American Railroads Transportation External Coordination Working Group Meeting September 21, 2005 Railroad Safety: Topics Safety Statistics & Trends Train Safety (Train Accidents) Employee Safety Hazardous Materials Safety U.S. Railroad Safety Statistics: Main Themes Railroads have dramatically improved safety over the last two and a half decades. Railroads compare favorably with other industries & transportation modes. The most troubling railroad safety problems arise from factors largely outside railroad control. Railroads have implemented numerous and effective technological improvements and company-wide safety programs.

184

Solar grade silicon: Technology status and industrial trends  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Crystalline silicon remains (all variants included) the dominant technology to manufacture solar cells. Currently (20122013) more than 90% of all solar cells produced are based on this vast group of technologies. The availability, the cost and the quality to the silicon feedstock is therefore a strategic issue of paramount importance for the entire photovoltaic sector. The silicon demand/supply balance has evolved from a situation of shortage with rocketing sales prices, in the years 20052008, to currently (20122013) an oversupply situation with record low price level for virgin polysilicon. Between these two extreme periods, production capacity has been multiplied by a factor of nearly 10. A better understanding of the prevailing dynamics in the polysilicon/silicon industry is needed in order for all players in the solar cell industry to make proper planning. In light of the past developments as well as the constraints imposed by a sound competition, the present article reviews the market trends for solar grade silicon including capacity, supply, demand and price. Furthermore, the article reviews the competing commercial technologies i.e. Siemens polysilicon, fluidized bed reactor/FBR polysilicon and upgraded metallurgical/UMG silicon and compares them in terms of maturity, improvement potential, product morphology, purity, applications and cost (actual vs. potential).

Gran Bye; Bruno Ceccaroli

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

185

Trends in cobalt-60 research in nuclear science and technology  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This paper quantitatively analyses the growth and development of cobalt-60 research in nuclear science and technology in terms of publications. As per the International Nuclear Information System (INIS) database during 2000-2007, a total of 5874 publications were published. The highest number of papers in a year (896) was in 2002. The average number of publications per year was 734.25. China topped the list with 960 (14.96%) publications followed by Japan with 600 (9.35%), India with 463 (7.21%), Brazil with 339 (5.28%), and the Russian Federation with 266 (4.14%). The authorship and collaboration trend is towards multiauthored papers. Researchers in China, Japan, the Russian Federation and the USA were inclined to work in larger groups. The highly productive institutions were Bhabha Atomic Research Centre, India, with 260 publications; Instituto de Pesquisas Energeticas e Nucleares (IPEN), Brazil with 151 publications; and Japan Atomic Energy Research Institute (JAERI), Japan with 94 publications. The journals most preferred by scientists for the publication of papers were Acta Agriculturae Nucleatae Sinica with 183 publications, followed by Chinese Journal of Radiological Medicine and Protection with 182 publications and Radiation Physics and Chemistry with 175 publications.

Anil Sagar; B.S. Kademani; R.G. Garg; Vijai Kumar

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

186

Production Trends of Shale Gas Wells  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

and generation of different plots. The program can also be used to perform the simple calculations to calculate different parameters. The goal was to develop a friendly user interface that would facilitate reservoir analysis. Examples were shown for each flow...

Khan, Waqar A.

2010-01-14T23:59:59.000Z

187

Trends in Supercritical Fluid Chromatography: 1997  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......analyticaland polymer chemistry andconsults for both...covered coordination chemistry, smallmolecule activation, coal liquefaction, development...areas of polymer chemistry, environmentalscience...waste disposal is combustion in large scale manufacturing......

Larry T. Taylor

1997-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

188

Facies Trends, San Pedro Bay, California  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...developed the early phase of the mainland...assisted in various phases of the laboratory...assistance and typing the manuscript...average annual precipitation of between 25...occurs during the winter half-year. Aver- age winter temperatures...

189

Figure 1. Depiction of the BrainAGE concept. [Image modified from [1], with permission from Hogrefe Publishing, Bern.] (A) The model of healthy brain aging is trained with the chronological age and preprocessed structural MRI data of a training sample (le  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Figure 1. Depiction of the BrainAGE concept. [Image modified from [1], with permission from Hogrefe Publishing, Bern.] (A) The model of healthy brain aging is trained with the chronological age important voxel locations that were used by the age regression model). Subsequently, the individual brain

Gaser, Christian

190

September 4 Webinar to Explore Renewable Energy Market Trends | Department  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

4 Webinar to Explore Renewable Energy Market Trends 4 Webinar to Explore Renewable Energy Market Trends September 4 Webinar to Explore Renewable Energy Market Trends August 21, 2013 - 12:18pm Addthis The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office of Indian Energy, the DOE Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy's Tribal Energy Program, and the Western Area Power Administration (WAPA) will present the next Tribal Renewable Energy Series webinar, "Renewable Energy Market Expectations and Trends," on Wednesday, September 4, 2013, from 1:00 p.m. to 2:30 p.m. Eastern Time. "There are many factors that will drive the growth of the renewable energy market and influence the pace of that growth," said Randy Manion, Renewable Energy Program Manager at WAPA. "Among them are growing awareness of the many benefits associated with a low-carbon economy,

191

Worldwide Trends in Energy Use and Efficiency: Key Insights from  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Worldwide Trends in Energy Use and Efficiency: Key Insights from Worldwide Trends in Energy Use and Efficiency: Key Insights from International Energy Agency (IEA) Indicator Analysis in Support of the Group of Eight (G8) Plan of Action Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: Worldwide Trends in Energy Use and Efficiency: Key Insights from International Energy Agency (IEA) Indicator Analysis in Support of the Group of Eight (G8) Plan of Action Focus Area: Power Plant Efficiency Topics: Potentials & Scenarios Website: www.iea.org/papers/2008/indicators_2008.pdf Equivalent URI: cleanenergysolutions.org/content/worldwide-trends-energy-use-and-effic Language: English Policies: "Regulations,Deployment Programs" is not in the list of possible values (Deployment Programs, Financial Incentives, Regulations) for this property.

192

Future Trends in Nuclear Power Generation [and Discussion  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...Future Trends in Nuclear Power Generation [and Discussion...the Calder Hall reactors were ordered...building and operating nuclear power stations...situations, a high nuclear share of new capacity...1980s. The fast reactor, prototypes of...

1974-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

193

Variability of the Australian Monsoon and Precipitation Trends at Darwin  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

An atmospheric classification for northwestern Australia is used to define periods of monsoon activity and investigate the interannual and intraseasonal variability of the Australian monsoon, as well as long-term precipitation trends at Darwin. ...

Stuart Evans; Roger Marchand; Thomas Ackerman

2014-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

194

Trends and Opportunities in Industrial Hazardous Waste Minimization  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This paper describes trends and opportunities in Resource Conservation and Recovery Act hazardous waste minimization. It uses U.S. Environmental Protection Agency data gathered since 1989 from over 20,000 facilities that account for almost all...

Atlas, M.

195

Wind Power Price Trends in the United States  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

should eventually help wind power regain the downward priceModern Energy Review] Wind Power Price Trends in the Unitedled the world in adding new wind power capacity in 2008, and

Bolinger, Mark

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

196

Positron Computed Tomography: Current State, Clinical Results and Future Trends  

DOE R&D Accomplishments [OSTI]

An overview is presented of positron computed tomography: its advantages over single photon emission tomography, its use in metabolic studies of the heart and chemical investigation of the brain, and future trends. (ACR)

Schelbert, H. R.; Phelps, M. E.; Kuhl, D. E.

1980-09-00T23:59:59.000Z

197

Intersecting Fault Trends and Crustal-Scale Fluid Pathways Below...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

with deeper, NNW conductors. These conductors are believed to repre-sent zones of saline fluids whose collection is pro-moted by opening of these structural trends with the...

198

Californias North Coast Fishing Communities Historical Perspective and Recent Trends  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1998. Changing trends in seafood markets: The case of farmed1998. Changing trends in seafood markets: The case of farmed1998. Changing trends in seafood markets: The case of farmed

Pomeroy, Caroline; Thomson, Cynthia J.; Stevens, Melissa M.

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

199

Trends in demand for retail and wholesale cuts of meat  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

TRENDS IN DEMAND FOR RETAIL AND WHOLESALE CUTS OF MEAT A Thesis by DAVID WAYNE HOLLOWAY Submitted to the Office of Graduate Studies of Texas ARM University in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE... December 1990 Major Subject: Agricultural Economics TRENDS IN DEMAND FOR RETAIL AND WHOLESALE CUTS OF MEAT A Thesis by DAVID WAYNE HOLLOWAY Approved as to style and content by: Donald E. Farris (Chair of Committee) Carl E. Shafer (Member) Rudo J...

Holloway, David Wayne

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

200

Trends in Commercial Buildings--Trends in Energy Consumption and Energy  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Energy Consumption and Energy Sources - Part 1 Energy Consumption and Energy Sources - Part 1 Part 2. Energy Intensity Data Tables Total Energy Consumption Consumption by Energy Source Background: Site and Primary Energy Trends in Energy Consumption and Energy Sources Part 1. Energy Consumption The CBECS collects energy consumption statistics from energy suppliers for four major energy sources—electricity, natural gas, fuel oil, and district heat—and collects information from the sampled buildings on the use of the four major sources and other energy sources (e.g., district chilled water, solar, wood). Energy consumed in commercial buildings is a significant fraction of that consumed in all end-use sectors. In 2000, about 17 percent of total energy was consumed in the commercial sector. Total Energy Consumption

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "development trends depicted" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


201

Trends in Commercial Buildings--Buildings and Floorspace  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Home > Trends in Commercial Buildings > Home > Trends in Commercial Buildings > Trends in Buildings Floorspace Data tables Commercial Buildings Trend—Detail Commercial Floorspace Trend—Detail Background: Adjustment to data Trends in Buildings and Floorspace Each year buildings are added to and removed from the commercial buildings sector. Buildings are added by new construction or conversion of existing buildings from noncommercial to commercial activity. Buildings are removed by demolition or conversion from commercial to noncommercial activity. Number of Commercial Buildings In 1979, the Nonresidential Buildings Energy Consumption Survey estimated that there were 3.8 million commercial buildings in the United States; by 1992, the number increased 27 percent to 4.8 million (an average annual increase of 1.8%) (Figure 1). In 1995, the estimated number declined to 4.6 million buildings, but it is unlikely that there was an actual decline in the number of buildings. To understand the apparent decline, two factors should be considered—the change in the way that the target population of commercial buildings was defined in 1995 and the uncertainty of estimates from sample surveys:

202

Trends in Thin-Layer Chromatography: 1997  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......the efficacy of separation processes depends considerably on the...optimiza tion of the separation process has a marked impact on the...linear. The development and commercialization of an apparatus suitable for...inclusion in the valida tion process, such as linearity of the......

Tibor Cserhti; Esther Forgcs

1997-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

203

Trends in the automation of coke production  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Up-to-date mathematical methods, such as correlation analysis and expert systems, are employed in creating a model of the coking process. Automatic coking-control systems developed by Giprokoks rule out human error. At an existing coke battery, after introducing automatic control, the heating-gas consumption is reduced by {>=}5%.

R.I. Rudyka; Y.E. Zingerman; K.G. Lavrov [Giprokoks, the State Institute for the Design of Coke-Industry Enterprises, Kharkov (Ukraine)

2009-07-15T23:59:59.000Z

204

Emerging trends: apps in event management  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This paper will present an experiment in which an event management app named Technex was made for android, which hosted several features to assist the crowd participating in the event. The paper analyses the public reception of the app ... Keywords: Android App Development, Event management, Open Data, Push Notifications

Vishalaksh Aggarwal; Nadeem Ansari

2014-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

205

Evidence for trends in UK flooding  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...direct analysis of flood records does not yet provide proof. floods...direct analysis of flood records does not yet provide proof. | Centre...direct analysis of flood records does not yet provide proof. Keywords...development of the Flood estimation handbook (Robson et al. 1998; Robson...

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

206

Letting The Sun Shine On Solar Costs: An Empirical Investigation Of Photovoltaic Cost Trends In California  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

INVESTIGATION OF PHOTOVOLTAIC COST TRENDS IN CALIFORNIA RyanInvestigation of Photovoltaic Cost Trends in California,cost of customer-sited, grid-connected solar photovoltaic (

Wiser, Ryan; Bolinger, Mark; Cappers, Peter; Margolis, Robert

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

207

E-Print Network 3.0 - advanced technology trend Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

trend Search Powered by Explorit Topic List Advanced Search Sample search results for: advanced technology trend Page: << < 1 2 3 4 5 > >> 1 GLOBAL ISSUES IN NUTRIENT MANAGEMENT...

208

Dementia: time trends and policy responses  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

across the lifecourse. 4 Keywords Dementia; Policy planning; Review Abbreviations CCMD: Chinese Classification of Mental Disease DSM-III/ -IV/ -V: Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorder Third/ Fourth/ Fifth Edition GMS... countries between urban and rural areas. The influence of diagnostic criteria (DSM-IV and 10/66 algorithm) on prevalence estimates has been reported to be substantial in the populations of developing countries [28]. To investigate global burden...

Wu, Yu-Tzu; Matthews, Fiona E.; Brayne, Carol

2014-07-08T23:59:59.000Z

209

Structural styles of the Wilcox and Frio growth-fault trends in Texas: Constraints on geopressured reservoirs  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The wide variability in structural styles within the growth-faulted, geopressured trends of the Texas Gulf Coast is illustrated by detailed structural maps of selected areas of the Wilcox and Frio growth-fault trends and quantified by statistical analysis of fault compartment geometries. Structural variability is a key determinant of the size of geopressured aquifers in the deep subsurface. Two major structural styles exist in the Wilcox trend. (1) In southeast and Central Texas, the trend consists of continuous, closely spaced faults that have little associated rollover despite moderate expansion of section; the fault plane flattens little with depth. (2) By contrast, in South Texas a narrow band of growth faults having high expansion and moderate rollover lies above and downdip of a ridge of deformed, overpressured shale but updip of a deep basin formed by withdrawal of overpressured shale. Frio fault systems generally display greater rollover and wider spacing than do Wilcox fault systems; however, the Frio trend displays distinctive features in each study area. Most of the Frio growth faults, however, have a similar geometry, showing substantial rollover, expansion of section, and a moderate flattening of the fault zone with depth, possibly related to a deep decollement surface. The local variability in style is related to the magnitude of Frio sedimentation and progradation and to the presence of thick salt or shale. Finding and developing a large geopressured aquifer require recognition of a favorable combination of sand-body geometry, reservoir quality, and fault compartment size and shape.

Ewing, T.E.

1986-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

210

RECENT TRENDS IN EMERGING TRANSPORTATION FUELS AND ENERGY CONSUMPTION  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Abundance of energy can be improved both by developing new sources of fuel and by improving efficiency of energy utilization, although we really need to pursue both paths to improve energy accessibility in the future. Currently, 2.7 billion people or 38% of the world s population do not have access to modern cooking fuel and depend on wood or dung and 1.4 billion people or 20% do not have access to electricity. It is estimated that correcting these deficiencies will require an investment of $36 billion dollars annually through 2030. In growing economies, energy use and economic growth are strongly linked, but energy use generally grows at a lower rate due to increased access to modern fuels and adaptation of modern, more efficient technology. Reducing environmental impacts of increased energy consumption such as global warming or regional emissions will require improved technology, renewable fuels, and CO2 reuse or sequestration. The increase in energy utilization will probably result in increased transportation fuel diversity as fuels are shaped by availability of local resources, world trade, and governmental, environmental, and economic policies. The purpose of this paper is to outline some of the recently emerging trends, but not to suggest winners. This paper will focus on liquid transportation fuels, which provide the highest energy density and best match with existing vehicles and infrastructure. Data is taken from a variety of US, European, and other sources without an attempt to normalize or combine the various data sources. Liquid transportation fuels can be derived from conventional hydrocarbon resources (crude oil), unconventional hydrocarbon resources (oil sands or oil shale), and biological feedstocks through a variety of biochemical or thermo chemical processes, or by converting natural gas or coal to liquids.

Bunting, Bruce G [ORNL] [ORNL

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

211

Long-range correlations and trends in Colombian seismic time series  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We detect long-range correlations and trends in time series extracted from the data of seismic events occurred since 1973 until 2011 in a rectangular region that contain mainly all the continental part of Colombia. The long-range correlations are detected by the calculation of the Hurst exponents for the time series of interevent intervals, separation distances, depth differences and magnitude differences. By using a geometrical modification of the classical R/S method that has been developed to detect long-range correlations in short time series, we find the existence of persistence for all the time series considered. We find also, by using the DFA until the third order, that the time series of interevent intervals, separation distances and depth differences are influenced by quadratic trends, while the time series of magnitude differences is influenced by a linear trend. Finally, for the time series of interevent intervals, we present an analysis of the Hurst exponent as a function of the time and the minim...

Martin-Montoya, L A; Quimbay, C J

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

212

IBM Software Design and development  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

IBM Software Design and development Thought Leadership White Paper Disciplined Agile Delivery software development paradigm. This trend is also echoed in other industry studies, including one con expensive and risky. It is time for a new genera- tion of agile process framework. #12;3IBM Software Here

Balmelli, Laurent

213

Nanotechnology in water treatment: an emerging trend  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

With advances in nanotechnology, different types of nanomaterial are emerging for applications in water purification and water treatment devices owing to their effectiveness against both chemical and biological contaminants. This paper discusses the application of nanoscale materials that are being evaluated or developed as functional materials for water treatment, e.g. nanomembranes (nanocomposite RO and NF and carbon nanotubes), metal nanoparticles, nanoadsorbents, magnetic nanoparticles, bioactive nanoparticles, carbonaceous nanomaterials, zeolites, dendrimers and nanofibres. Nanomaterials are intrinsically better in terms of performance than other substances used in water treatment because of their high surface area (surface/volume ratio). Owing to these characteristics, these may be used in future at large scale for water purification.

Hiren D. Raval; Jaydev M. Gohil

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

214

DataTrends Energy Use in Office Buildings  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Office Buildings Office Buildings The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency's (EPA) ENERGY STAR Portfolio Manager is changing the way organizations track and manage energy. Because of this widespread market adoption, EPA has prepared the DataTrends series to examine benchmarking and trends in energy and water consumption in Portfolio Manager. To learn more, visit www.energystar.gov/DataTrends. Energy use intensity (EUI) ranges from less than 100 to more than 1,000 kBtu/ft 2 across all office buildings, with those at the 95th percentile using almost 7 times the energy of those at the 5th percentile. The distribution has a negative skew, which means the most energy intensive buildings are much further

215

EIA - Annual Energy Outlook 2008 - Trends in Economic Activity  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Trends in Economic Activity Trends in Economic Activity Annual Energy Outlook 2008 with Projections to 2030 Trends in Economic Activity Figure 32. Average annual growth rates fo real GDP, labor force, and productivity, 2006-2030 (percent per year). Need help, contact the National Energy Information Center at 202-586-8800. figure data Figure 33. Average annual inflation, interest, and unemployment rates, 2006-2030 (percent per year). Need help, contact the National Energy Information Center at 202-586-8800. figure data AEO2008 Presents Three Views of Economic Growth AEO2008 presents three views of economic growth for the 2006-2030 projection period. Economic growth depends mainly on growth in the labor force and productivity. In the reference case, the labor force grows by an average of 0.7 percent per year; labor productivity in the nonfarm business

216

DataTrends Energy Use in K-12 Schools  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

K-12 Schools K-12 Schools The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency's (EPA) ENERGY STAR Portfolio Manager is changing the way organizations track and manage energy. Because of this widespread market adoption, EPA has prepared the DataTrends series to examine benchmarking and trends in energy and water consumption in Portfolio Manager. To learn more, visit www.energystar.gov/DataTrends. Energy use intensity (EUI) ranges from less than 50 to more than 500 kBtu/ft 2 across all K-12 School buildings, with those at the 95th percentile using almost 4 times the energy of those at the 5th percentile. The distribution has a negative skew, which means the most energy intensive buildings are much further

217

ENERGY STAR Portfolio Manager Data Trends: Energy Use In Hotels  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Hotels Hotels The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency's (EPA) ENERGY STAR Portfolio Manager is changing the way organizations track and manage energy. Because of this widespread market adoption, EPA has prepared the DataTrends series to examine benchmarking and trends in energy and water consumption in Portfolio Manager. To learn more, visit www.energystar.gov/DataTrends. Energy use intensity (EUI) ranges from less than 100 to more than 800 kBtu/ft 2 across all hotel buildings, with those at the 95th percentile using almost 4 times the energy of those at the 5th percentile. The distribution has a negative skew, which means the most energy intensive buildings are much further away from

218

Portfolio Manager DataTrends | ENERGY STAR Buildings & Plants  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Portfolio Manager DataTrends Portfolio Manager DataTrends Secondary menu About us Press room Contact Us Portfolio Manager Login Facility owners and managers Existing buildings Commercial new construction Industrial energy management Small business Service providers Service and product providers Verify applications for ENERGY STAR certification Design commercial buildings Energy efficiency program administrators Commercial and industrial program sponsors Associations State and local governments Federal agencies Tools and resources Training In this section How can we help you? Find out who's partnered with ENERGY STAR Become an ENERGY STAR partner Find ENERGY STAR certified buildings and plants ENERGY STAR certification Featured research and reports Portfolio Manager DataTrends ENERGY STAR Snapshot Energy strategy for the future

219

DataTrends Energy Use in Retail Stores  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Retail Stores Retail Stores The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency's (EPA) ENERGY STAR Portfolio Manager is changing the way organizations track and manage energy. Because of this widespread market adoption, EPA has prepared the DataTrends series to examine benchmarking and trends in energy and water consumption in Portfolio Manager. To learn more, visit www.energystar.gov/DataTrends. Energy use intensity (EUI) ranges from less than 100 to more than 800 kBtu/ft 2 across all retail buildings, with those at the 95th percentile using more than 3 times the energy of those at the 5th percentile. The distribution has a negative skew, which means the most energy intensive buildings are much further away from

220

Keeping Pace with LED Lighting Trends | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Keeping Pace with LED Lighting Trends Keeping Pace with LED Lighting Trends Keeping Pace with LED Lighting Trends October 23, 2013 - 10:41am Addthis This year's SSL Market Introduction Workshop will take place in Portland, Oregon. | Photo courtesy of Travel Portland This year's SSL Market Introduction Workshop will take place in Portland, Oregon. | Photo courtesy of Travel Portland Jim Brodrick Lighting Program Manager Rapid advances in solid-state lighting (SSL) technology are reducing the cost, improving the performance and quality, and bringing new lighting options--light emitting diodes (LEDs) to the market. But for lighting and energy efficiency industry professionals this seemingly good news can be "too much of a good thing." Imagine the challenge of making smart institutional purchasing decisions or designing

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "development trends depicted" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


221

EIA - Annual Energy Outlook 2009 - Trends in Economic Activity  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Trends in Economic Activity Trends in Economic Activity Annual Energy Outlook 2009 with Projections to 2030 Trends in Economic Activity AEO2009 Presents Three Views of Economic Growth Figure 27. Average annual growth rates of real GDP, labor force, and productivity in three cases, 2007-2030 (percent per year). Need help, contact the National Energy Information Center at 202-586-8800. figure data Figure 28. Average annual inflation, interest, and unemployment rates in three cases, 2007-2030 (percent per year). Need help, contact the National Energy Information Center at 202-586-8800. figure data Figure 29. Sectoral composition of industrial output growth rates in three cases, 2007-2030 (percent per year). Need help, contact the National Energy Information Center at 202-586-8800.

222

Annual Energy Outlook with Projections to 2025-Market Trends - Market  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Market Drivers Market Drivers Annual Energy Outlook 2004 with Projections to 2025 Market Trends - Market Drivers Index (click to jump links) Trends in Economic Activity International Oil Markets Figure 38. Average annual growth rates of real GDP and economic factors, 1995-2025 (percent). Having problems, call our National Energy Information Center at 202-586-8800 for help. Figure data Trends in Economic Activity Strong Economic Growth Is Expected To Continue The output of the Nation's economy, measured by gross domestic product (GDP), is projected to grow by 3.0 percent per year between 2002 and 2025 (with GDP based on 1996 chain-weighted dollars) (Figure 38). The projected growth rate is slightly lower than the 3.1-percent rate projected in AEO2003. The labor force is projected to increase by 0.9 percent per year

223

Issues and Trends: Natural Gas - Energy Information Administration  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Issues and Trends: Natural Gas Issues and Trends: Natural Gas Updated: November 25, 2013 For prior report data see Natural Gas Year-in-Review archives EIA's Natural Gas Issues and Trends highlights timely information and analyses on natural gas markets. Natural gas prices reflect decreasing seasonality. Today in Energy, November 20, 2013 Increased Northeast natural gas production reduces net inflow of supply from other areas. Today in Energy, November 19, 2013 Gas pipeline expansions reduce Marcellus backup, New York gas prices. Natural Gas Weekly Update, November 13, 2013 EIA projects lower natural gas use this winter. Natural Gas Weekly Update, October 31, 2013 Northeast net imports from Canada plummet, driven by export growth at Niagara Falls. Natural Gas Weekly Update, October 10, 2013

224

Spatial And Temporal Geochemical Trends In The Hydrothermal System Of  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Spatial And Temporal Geochemical Trends In The Hydrothermal System Of Spatial And Temporal Geochemical Trends In The Hydrothermal System Of Yellowstone National Park- Inferences From River Solute Fluxes Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Journal Article: Spatial And Temporal Geochemical Trends In The Hydrothermal System Of Yellowstone National Park- Inferences From River Solute Fluxes Details Activities (2) Areas (1) Regions (0) Abstract: We present and analyze a chemical dataset that includes the concentrations and fluxes of HCO3-, SO42-, Cl-, and F- in the major rivers draining Yellowstone National Park (YNP) for the 2002-2004 water years (1 October 2001 - 30 September 2004). The total (molar) flux in all rivers decreases in the following order, HCO3- > Cl- > SO42- > F-, but each river is characterized by a distinct chemical composition, implying large-scale

225

Renewable Energy Market Expectations and Trends Webinar | Department of  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Market Expectations and Trends Webinar Market Expectations and Trends Webinar Renewable Energy Market Expectations and Trends Webinar September 4, 2013 11:00AM MDT Webinar The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office of Indian Energy Policy and Programs, Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy Tribal Energy Program, and Western Area Power Administration (WAPA) are pleased to continue their sponsorship of the Tribal Renewable Energy Webinar Series. The webinar will be held from 11 a.m. to 12:30 p.m. Mountain time. The growth and pace of the renewable energy market will be driven by many factors, including awareness and concern over remaining non-renewable resources, the need for imported energy and the security issues surrounding that need, and government support and financial incentives. Participants

226

PREFERRED WATERFLOOD MANAGEMENT PRACTICES FOR THE SPRABERRY TREND AREA  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The naturally fractured Spraberry Trend Area is one of the largest reservoirs in the domestic U.S. and is the largest reservoir in area extent in the world. Production from Spraberry sands is found over a 2,500 sq. mile area and Spraberry reservoirs can be found in an eight county area in west Texas. Over 150 operators produce 65,000 barrels of oil per day (bopd) from the Spraberry Trend Area from more than 9,000 production wells. Recovery is poor, on the order of 7-10% due to the profoundly complicated nature of the reservoir, yet billions of barrels of hydrocarbons remain. We estimate over 15% of remaining reserves in domestic Class III reservoirs are in Spraberry Trend Area reservoirs. This tremendous domestic asset is a prime example of an endangered hydrocarbon resource in need of immediate technological advancements before thousands of wells are permanently abandoned. This report describes the final work of the project, ''Preferred Waterflood Management Practices for the Spraberry Trend Area.'' The objective of this project is to significantly increase field-wide production in the Spraberry Trend in a short time frame through the application of preferred practices for managing and optimizing water injection. Our goal is to dispel negative attitudes and lack of confidence in water injection and to document the methodology and results for public dissemination to motivate waterflood expansion in the Spraberry Trend. This objective has been accomplished through research in three areas: (1) detail historical review and extensive reservoir characterization, (2) production data management, and (3) field demonstration. This provides results of the final year of the three-year project for each of the three areas.

David S. Schechter

2004-08-31T23:59:59.000Z

227

U.S. Solar Market Trends  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Grid-connected photovoltaic installations grew by 40% in 2009 compared with installations in 2008. California and New Jersey have the largest markets. Growth occurred in the residential and utility markets, but non-residential customer-sited installations did not change compared with the installations in 2008. Two small solar thermal electric plants were connected to the grid in 2009 with a combined capacity of 7 MW. The future prospects for solar thermal electric plants look bright, although developers are not expected to complete any new large plants until at least 2011. Solar water heating and solar space heating annual installations grew by 40% in 2008 compared with 2007. Hawaii, California, Puerto Rico, and Florida dominate this market. Solar pool heating annual installation capacity fell by 1% in 2008 following a dramatic decline of 15% in solar pool heating capacity in 2007 compared with 2006. Florida and California are the largest markets for solar pool heating. The economic decline in the real estate markets in Florida and California likely led to the decrease in pool installations and thus the dramatic decline in capacity installed of solar pool systems in 2007.

Larry Sherwood

2010-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

228

Electric motors: Markets, trends, and applications  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Electric motors play an important role in nearly all sectors of the US economy. Typical motor applications range from air conditioning and appliances in the residential sector, to cooling and space heating in the commercial sector, to materials handling and processing in the industrial sectors. Motors in the residential sector consumed nearly 352 billion kilowatthours (BkWh) in 1985, in the commercial sector 279 BkWh, and the industrial sector 552 BkWh. Approximately 87% of electric motor electricity use in the industrial sector was consumed in manufacturing processes, while the process industries consumed more than half of the manufacturing sector's electric motor electricity use. The total motor population in all sectors in 1987 stood just shy of 1.02 billion, 90% of which are less than one horsepower (HP) in size. An increasing percentage of the motor population is comprised of high efficiency motors, as classified by the National Electrical Manufacturers Association (NEMA). High efficiency motors offer end-users greater energy and cost savings than do their standard efficiency counterparts. This report provides an overview of the history of the electric motor, a brief description of the electromechanical theory behind motor operations, and offers a statistical review of the size and distribution of the electric motor market. The report also presents data on sector motor electricity use, describes current and potential motor application opportunities, and details areas in which further research and development may be needed.

Not Available

1992-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

229

Office equipment energy use and trends  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Office information technologies are using an increasing amount of energy in commercial buildings. During recent forecasting hearings in California, the office equipment end use has been a major source of differences among forecasts of commercial sector energy use. Not only are there major differences in forecasted load growth resulting from the energy use of office equipment, but there are also differences in interpretations of historical and base-year estimates. Understanding office equipment energy use is particularly important because office equipment is widely believed to be the fastest growing electrical end use in the fastest growing sector. This report describes the development and application of a spreadsheet to estimate current and future energy use by office equipment. We define the term ``office equipment`` to mean information processing technologies used in buildings. The seven categories of office equipment relate to categories found in our analysis of utility surveys and industry sales reports. These seven categories of equipment are examined for eleven types of commercial buildings.

Piette, M.A.; Eto, J.H.; Harris, J.P.

1991-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

230

Office equipment energy use and trends  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Office information technologies are using an increasing amount of energy in commercial buildings. During recent forecasting hearings in California, the office equipment end use has been a major source of differences among forecasts of commercial sector energy use. Not only are there major differences in forecasted load growth resulting from the energy use of office equipment, but there are also differences in interpretations of historical and base-year estimates. Understanding office equipment energy use is particularly important because office equipment is widely believed to be the fastest growing electrical end use in the fastest growing sector. This report describes the development and application of a spreadsheet to estimate current and future energy use by office equipment. We define the term office equipment'' to mean information processing technologies used in buildings. The seven categories of office equipment relate to categories found in our analysis of utility surveys and industry sales reports. These seven categories of equipment are examined for eleven types of commercial buildings.

Piette, M.A.; Eto, J.H.; Harris, J.P.

1991-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

231

Long-term historical trends in gasoline properties are charted  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Trends in motor gasolines between 1942 and 1981 have been evaluated based upon data contained in motor gasoline surveys that have been prepared and published by the Bartlesville Energy Technology Center (BETC). These surveys have been published twice annually since 1935 describing the properties of motor gasolines from throughout the country. They have been conducted in cooperation with the American Petroleum Institute since 1949. A typical report covers 2,400 samples from service stations throughout the country representing some 48 companies that manufacture and supply gasoline. The reports include trend charts, octane plots and properties obtained from a dozen different tests.

Shelton, E.M.; Whisman, M.L.; Woodward, P.W.

1982-08-02T23:59:59.000Z

232

Understanding the China energy market: trends and opportunities 2006  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The report is broken up into 4 Sections: Section I - Overview of China Energy Market (historical background, market value, consumption, production, reserves, export and import, market segmentation, market forecast); Section II - Market Analysis (PEST analysis, Porter's five forces analysis, socio-economic trends, consumption trends); Section III - Market Segments (electricity, oil, natural gas, liquefied natural gas, liquid petroleum gas, nuclear power, coal, renewables, photovoltaics, wind power, hydroelectric power. Each market segment details current and planned projects, and lists participants in that sector); and Section IV - Breaking Into the Market (regulatory framework, methods of market entry, foreign investment, challenges, government agencies).

Barbara Drazga

2005-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

233

Ethylene from NGL feedstocks. Part 1-Trends favoring NGL feedstocks  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This paper addresses current trends that are making natural gas liquids (NGL) more attractive feedstocks for olefin plants than mid-distillates and heavier oils. Two of the trends examined involve motor gasoline production: that the volume consumed is decreasing and the percent of unleaded gasoline is increasing. This means that it will be difficult to blend light straight-run gasoline, natural gasoline and aromatics plant raffinate into the gasoline pool, due to the very low octane of each material. It is indicated, however, that they will make excellent feedstocks for ethylene plants.

Zack, R.S.; Skamser, R.O.

1983-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

234

UNEP-Global Trends in Renewable Energy Investment 2011 | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

UNEP-Global Trends in Renewable Energy Investment 2011 UNEP-Global Trends in Renewable Energy Investment 2011 Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: UNEP-Global Trends in Renewable Energy Investment 2011 Agency/Company /Organization: United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP), Bloomberg New Energy Finance Sector: Energy Focus Area: Renewable Energy Topics: Finance, Market analysis Resource Type: Publications Website: fs-unep-centre.org/publications/global-trends-renewable-energy-investm UNEP-Global Trends in Renewable Energy Investment 2011 Screenshot References: UNEP-Global Trends in Renewable Energy Investment 2011[1] The Global Trends Report 2011 offers an elaborate analysis of Trends and Issues in the financing of renewable energy. "The Global Trends Report 2011 offers an elaborate analysis of Trends and

235

Annual Report on U.S. Wind Power Installation, Cost, and Performance Trends: 2006  

Wind Powering America (EERE)

  Annual Report on U.S. Wind Power Installation, Cost, and Performance Trends: 006 Contents Introduction . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .3 U.S. Wind Power Capacity Increased by 7% in 006 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .4 The United States Leads the World in Annual Capacity Growth . . . . . . . .4 Texas, Washington, and California Lead the U.S. in Annual Capacity Growth . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .5 GE Wind Is the Dominant Turbine Manufacturer, with Siemens Gaining Market Share . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .6 Average Turbine Size Continues to Increase . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .7 Developer Consolidation Accelerates . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .8 Innovation and Competition in Non-Utility Wind Financing Persists . . . .9

236

U.S. Energy Service Company (ESCO) Industry and Market Trends  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Energy Service Company (ESCO) Energy Service Company (ESCO) Industry and Market Trends Charles Goldman Deputy Dept Head Energy Analysis Department Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory Definition of U.S. ESCO  Project developer in business of improving end-use energy efficiency: - Combine engineering expertise with financial services to extract untapped potential for energy efficiency - Integrates broad range of services: project identification, engineering & design, financing, construction, M&V of savings, maintenance, and billing  Performance contracting: ESCO's compensation is tied to project's performance  Product and Service Strategies - full range of energy efficiency services - energy and facility management services - build/own/operate major energy facilities (cogeneration, onsite

237

Status and trends of geothermal direct use projects in the United States  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The United States is continuing to experience a significant growth rate in the use of low- and moderate-temperature geothermal resources for direct use applications, which is making an increasing contribution to the United States energy demands. This paper provides an overview of how and where geothermal energy is being used, the extent of that use, and what the development trends and concerns appear to be. The applications discussed include industrial processes, heat pumps (heating and cooling), pools and spas, aquaculture and agriculture applications, and space and district heating projects. 3 tabs.

Lunis, B.C.; Lienau, P.J.

1988-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

238

DOE Energy Technology Prices and Trends | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

DOE Energy Technology Prices and Trends DOE Energy Technology Prices and Trends Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: DOE Energy Technology Prices and Trends Agency/Company /Organization: United States Department of Energy Sector: Energy Focus Area: Renewable Energy, Non-renewable Energy Phase: Determine Baseline Topics: Market analysis, Technology characterizations Resource Type: Software/modeling tools User Interface: Website Website: energy.gov/prices-trends Country: United States Cost: Free Northern America Coordinates: 37.09024°, -95.712891° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":37.09024,"lon":-95.712891,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

239

EIA - AEO2010 - Energy intensity trends in AEO2010  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

intensity trends in AEO2010 intensity trends in AEO2010 Annual Energy Outlook 2010 with Projections to 2035 Figure 17. Trends in U.S. oil prices, energy consumption, and economic output, 1950-2035 Click to enlarge » Figure source and data excel logo Energy intensity trends in AEO2010 Energy intensity—energy consumption per dollar of real GDP—indicates how much energy a country uses to produce its goods and services. From the early 1950s to the early 1970s, U.S. total primary energy consumption and real GDP increased at nearly the same annual rate (Figure 17). During that period, real oil prices remained virtually flat. In contrast, from the mid-1970s to 2008, the relationship between energy consumption and real GDP growth changed, with primary energy consumption growing at less than one-third the previous average rate and real GDP growth continuing to grow at its historical rate. The decoupling of real GDP growth from energy consumption growth led to a decline in energy intensity that averaged 2.8 percent per year from 1973 to 2008. In the AEO2010 Reference case, energy intensity continues to decline, at an average annual rate of 1.9 percent from 2008 to 2035.

240

De-trending of turbulence measurements Kurt S. Hansen1  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, it is possible to estimate an approximate (linear) trend correction based on statistical data only. This paper, DK-2800 Lyngby; E-mail: ksh@mek.dtu.dk; Phone: +45 4525 4318 2 Risø National Laboratories - DTU, Wind Energy Department, P.O. 49, DK-4000 Roskilde; E-mail: gunner.larsen@risoe.dk; Phone: +45 4677 5056

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "development trends depicted" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


241

29 National Statistics Population Trends 106 Winter 2001  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

provided by the Office for National Statistics on migra- tion of the employed by citizenship.They indicate29 National Statistics Population Trends 106 Winter 2001 International migration to and from the United Kingdom since 1975, with a particular focus on those in employment,and drew on many sources

Jones, Peter JS

242

Nine Charts on Recent Trends in Employment Growth in Wisconsin  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics ­the Quarterly Census of Employment and Wages-- enables us to assess Nine Charts on Recent Trends in Employment #12; 2 The latest release of the most comprehensive and reliable state employment data from

Saldin, Dilano

243

Status and Trends of Irrigated Agriculture in Texas  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Status and Trends of Irrigated Agriculture in Texas Irrigation is critical to our food production and food security and is a vital component of Texas' productive agricultural economy.Texas ranks third in the United States in both agricultural acres irrigated and irrigation water applied. Significant advances

244

Structural and bonding trends in platinum-carbon clusters  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. Trends in stability, Pt+-Cx binding energy, doublet-quartet excitation energy, and Pt-C bond lengths were investigated. Explanations for these patterns are provided in terms of orbital interactions and changes imposed on the carbon-chain by the metal...

Miller, Thomas F

2013-02-22T23:59:59.000Z

245

CONTAINERIZATION AND RELATED TRENDS AT TEXAS DEEP WATER PORTS  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

0-5538-P2 CONTAINERIZATION AND RELATED TRENDS AT TEXAS DEEP WATER PORTS Robert Harrison Nathan. At present, four Texas deep-water ports rank in the top 10 U.S water ports by shipment weight given by the Project Director, Raul Cantu, P.E., (TPP) and Program Coordinator, Mario Medina, P.E., (LRD

Texas at Austin, University of

246

Testing for a Trend in a Partially Incomplete Hurricane Record  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The record of annual counts of basinwide North Atlantic hurricanes is incomplete prior to 1946. This has restricted efforts to identify a long-term trend in hurricane activity to the postwar period. In contrast, the complete record of U.S. ...

Andrew R. Solow; Laura Moore

2000-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

247

Emerging Trends in Failures Involving EPS-Block Geofoam Fills  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Emerging Trends in Failures Involving EPS-Block Geofoam Fills John S. Horvath, Ph.D., P.E., M.ASCE1 Abstract: Expanded polystyrene EPS is a closed-cell polymeric "plastic" foam that, in its generic block is due to the fact that block-molded EPS is unique among geofoam products for the large and diverse

Horvath, John S.

248

Trends and Market Effects of Wood Energy Policies  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Trends and Market Effects of Wood Energy Policies Bengt Hillring SLU SWEDEN http is the main international energy source · Climate change ­ Energy production ­ CO2 · European Union different the plans to increase #12;#12;Energy Sector Waste Sector Recovered Wood Sawdust Logging Residues Forest

249

Determine Vehicle Usage and Refueling Trends to Minimize Greenhouse Gas  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Vehicle Usage and Refueling Trends to Minimize Greenhouse Vehicle Usage and Refueling Trends to Minimize Greenhouse Gas Emissions Determine Vehicle Usage and Refueling Trends to Minimize Greenhouse Gas Emissions October 7, 2013 - 11:42am Addthis YOU ARE HERE Step 2 Once a Federal agency has identified its most important mobile greenhouse gas (GHG) emission sources overall, it can work with individual sites to determine vehicle usage and refueling trends. Agencies can compare the results of this analysis to internal standards and requirements to identify GHG mitigation opportunities for assets that are underperforming or underutilized. Two examples of this type of analysis focus on: Alternative fuel consumption Vehicle utilization. Figure 1 - An image of a vertical, stacked bar chart titled 'Alternative Fuel Use in AFVs.' The frequency data axis is labeled 'Gallons of Gasoline Equivalent' with a scale of 0-1,400,000 in increments of 200,000. The stacked bar labeled 'CNG Dual Fuel Vehicles' shows CNG from 0-300,000 gallons and Gasoline from 300,000-800,000 gallons. The stacked bar labeled 'E-85 Flex Fuel Vehicles' shows E85 from 0-1,000,000 gallons and Gasoline from 1,000,000-1,250,000 gallons.

250

The Memory Hierarchy l Storage technologies and trends  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 1 The Memory Hierarchy l Topics l Storage technologies and trends l Locality of reference l Caching in the memory hierarchy CS211 Computer Architecture 2 Memory until now... l We've relied on a very simple model of memory for most this class l Main Memory is a linear array of bytes that can be accessed

Badrinath, B. R.

251

STATISTICS OF PRECIPITATION EXTREMES: QUANTIFYING CONFIDENCE IN TRENDS  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 STATISTICS OF PRECIPITATION EXTREMES: QUANTIFYING CONFIDENCE IN TRENDS Rick Katz Institute of the validity of this analysis." -- Emil Gumbel #12;3 Outline (1) Introduction (2) Extreme Value Analysis under Stationarity: Classical Approach (3) Extreme Value Analysis under Stationarity: Modern Approach (4) Extreme

Katz, Richard

252

Future scenarios and trends in energy generation in brazil: supply and demand and mitigation forecasts  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract The structure of the Brazilian energy matrix defines Brazil as a global leader in power generation from renewable sources. In 2011, the share of renewable sources in electricity production reached 88.8%, mainly due to the large national water potential. Although the Brazilian energy model presents a strong potential for expansion, the total energy that could be used with most current renewable technologies often outweighs the national demand. The current composition of the national energy matrix has outstanding participation of hydropower, even though the country has great potential for the exploitation of other renewable energy sources such as wind, solar and biomass. This document therefore refers to the trend of evolution of the Brazilian Energy Matrix and exposes possible mitigation scenarios, also considering climate change. The methodology to be used in the modeling includes the implementation of the LEAP System (Long-range Energy Alternatives Planning) program, developed by the Stockholm Environment Institute, which allows us to propose different scenarios under the definition of socioeconomic scenarios and base power developed in the context of the REGSA project (Promoting Renewable Electricity Generation in South America). Results envision future scenarios and trends in power generation in Brazil, and the projected demand and supply of electricity for up to 2030.

Jos Baltazar Salgueirinho Osrio De Andrade Guerra; Luciano Dutra; Norma Beatriz Camiso Schwinden; Suely Ferraz de Andrade

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

253

Recovery of CO2 from Flue Gases: Commercial Trends  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

CO CO 2 from Flue Gases: Commercial Trends Originally presented at the Canadian Society of Chemical Engineers annual meeting October 4-6, 1999, Saskatoon, Saskatchewan, Canada Authors: Dan G. Chapel (dan.chapel@fluor.com; 949-349-7530) Carl L. Mariz (carl.mariz@fluor.com; 949-349-7530) FluorDaniel One Fluor Drive Aliso Viejo CA, 92698 John Ernest (john.ernest@minimed.com; 818-576-4293) Advanced Quality Services Inc 11024 Balboa Blvd. PMB154, Granada Hills, CA 91344-5007 1 Recovery of CO 2 from Flue Gases: Commercial Trends Originally presented at the Canadian Society of Chemical Engineers annual meeting October 4-6, 1999, Saskatoon, Saskatchewan, Canada Authors: Dan Chapel - Fluor Daniel Inc., Senior Vice President Technology; Oil, Gas & Power John Ernest - Advanced Quality Services Inc., Validation Engineer

254

Understanding Trends in Wind Turbine Prices Over the Past Decade  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Understanding Understanding Trends in Understanding Trends in Wind Turbine Prices O Over the Past Decade Mark Bolinger and Ryan Wiser Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory October, 2011 The work described in this presentation was funded by the U.S. Department of Energy's Office of Energy 1 Environmental Energy Technologies Division * Energy Analysis Department Efficiency and Renewable Energy (Wind & Water Power Program) under Contract No. DE-AC02-05CH11231 Motivation 1) Turbine prices in the U.S. have fallen ~20%-30% in recent years, but from elevated levels - prices had previously doubled from 2002 2008 2002-2008 2) This doubling in price contradicts standard "learning curve" theory, and requires an alternate explanation * Traditional learning curves suggest that wind project costs should fall

255

Renewable Energy Finance Tracking Initiative (REFTI) Solar Trend Analysis  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Solar Trend Analysis Ryan Hubbell, Travis Lowder, Michael Mendelsohn, and Karlynn Cory Technical Report NREL/TP-6A20-53531 September 2012 NREL is a national laboratory of the U.S. Department of Energy, Office of Energy Efficiency & Renewable Energy, operated by the Alliance for Sustainable Energy, LLC. National Renewable Energy Laboratory 15013 Denver West Parkway Golden, Colorado 80401 303-275-3000 * www.nrel.gov Contract No. DE-AC36-08GO28308 Renewable Energy Finance Tracking Initiative (REFTI) Solar Trend Analysis Ryan Hubbell, Travis Lowder, Michael Mendelsohn, and Karlynn Cory Prepared under Task No. SM12.3050 Technical Report NREL/TP-6A20-53531 September 2012

256

Energy Information Administration / Petroleum 1996: Issues and Trends  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Petroleum 1996: Issues and Trends Petroleum 1996: Issues and Trends 49 The U.S. is heavily reliant on the world crude oil market, which has been subject to huge inter-annual volatility since 1973. Neither of these facts is likely to change. Domestic crude oil production declined over the past decade, while domestic crude oil demand increased. The difference was satisfied by increased crude oil imports. The United States' proved crude oil reserves declined more than 21 percent from 1985 to 1995. Its technically recoverable crude oil resources beyond proved reserves are estimated to be about 6 times more than the year-end 1995 proved reserves. However, excepting the Gulf of Mexico and the Alaskan offshore, many of the most promising oil-prone regions of the country are presently off-limits to exploration. Over the

257

Federal Energy Management Program: Data Center Energy Consumption Trends  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Consumption Trends Consumption Trends Data centers can consume up to 100 times more energy than a standard office building. Often, less than 15% of original source energy is used for the information technology equipment within a data center. Figure 1 outlines typical data center energy consumption ratios. An illustration that features a graphic of a coal container representing 100 units of coal. This enters a graphic of a power plant, where those 100 units of coal are turned into 35 units of energy. The 35 units of energy are distributed by power lines, represented by a graphic of power lines, where 33 units are delivered to a pie chart representing data typical data center energy end use. The data center pie chart features 48% representing server load and computing operation consumption; 43% representing cooling equipment consumption; and 9% representing power conversion and distribution consumption.

258

Annual Energy Outlook 2006 with Projections to 2030 - Market Trends -  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Market Trends - Market Drivers Market Trends - Market Drivers Annual Energy Outlook 2006 with Projections to 2030 Strong Economic Growth Is Expected To Continue Through 2030 Figure 24. Average annual growth rates of real GDP, labor frce, and productivity in three cases, 2004-2030 (percent per year). Having problems, call our National Energy Information Center at 202-586-8800 for help. Figure data AEO2006 presents three views of economic growth for the forecast period from 2004 through 2030. Although probabilities are not assigned, the reference case reflects the most likely view of how the economy will unfold over the period. In the reference case, the Nation’s economic growth, measured in terms of real GDP based on 2000 chain-weighted dollars, is projected to average 3.0 percent per year (Figure 24). The labor force is

259

Efficient, Inexpensive Motors: A New Trend in The Motors Market  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

EFFICIENT, INEXPENSIVE MOTORS: A NEW TREND IN THE MOTORS MARKET Ronald G. Wroblewski, P.E. Trainer and Consultant ABSTRACT The Consortiwn for Energy Efficiency (CEE) has established criteria for premium-efficiency motors above the EPACf... standard. CEE has set a wrifonn efficiency benchmark that all market players (manufacturers, utilities, and end-users) can use. Some end-users however, have been reluctant to specify these motors because they think they are too expensive...

Wroblewksi, R. G.

260

Trends in On-Road Vehicle Emissions of Ammonia  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Trends in On-Road Vehicle Emissions of Ammonia Trends in On-Road Vehicle Emissions of Ammonia Title Trends in On-Road Vehicle Emissions of Ammonia Publication Type Journal Article Year of Publication 2008 Authors Kean, Andrew J., David Littlejohn, George Ban-Weiss, Robert A. Harley, Thomas W. Kirchstetter, and Melissa M. Lunden Journal Atmospheric Environment Abstract Motor vehicle emissions of ammonia have been measured at a California highway tunnel in the San Francisco Bay area. Between 1999 and 2006, light-duty vehicle ammonia emissions decreased by 38 ± 6%, from 640 ± 40 to 400 ± 20 mg kg-1. High time resolution measurements of ammonia made in summer 2001 at the same location indicate a minimum in ammonia emissions correlated with slower-speed driving conditions. Variations in ammonia emission rates track changes in carbon monoxide more closely than changes in nitrogen oxides, especially during later evening hours when traffic speeds are highest. Analysis of remote sensing data of Burgard et al. (Environ Sci. Technol. 2006, 40, 7018-7022) indicates relationships between ammonia and vehicle model year, nitrogen oxides, and carbon monoxide. Ammonia emission rates from diesel trucks were difficult to measure in the tunnel setting due to the large contribution to ammonia concentrations in a mixed-traffic bore that were assigned to light-duty vehicle emissions. Nevertheless, it is clear that heavy-duty diesel trucks are a minor source of ammonia emissions compared to light-duty gasoline vehicles.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "development trends depicted" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


261

Seasonality in the Natural Gas Balancing Item: Historical Trends and  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Analysis > Seasonality in the Natural Gas Balancing Item: Historical Trends and Corrective Measures Analysis > Seasonality in the Natural Gas Balancing Item: Historical Trends and Corrective Measures Seasonality in the Natural Gas Balancing Item: Historical Trends and Corrective Measures Released: June 4, 2010 Download Full Report (PDF) This special report examines an underlying cause of the seasonal pattern in the balancing item published in the Natural Gas Monthly. Research finds that a significant portion of data collected on EIA’s primary monthly natural gas consumption survey reflects billing data that does not strictly coincide with the actual calendar month, which creates an aggregate-level discrepancy with EIA’s other natural gas supply and disposition data series. This discrepancy is especially observable during the fall and spring as one transitions into and out of the winter heating season. The report also outlines improved data collection and estimation procedures that will be implemented later this year to more closely align reported and actual calendar month consumption. This discussion will be helpful to users of EIA’s volumetric natural gas data. Questions about this report should be directed to Andy Hoegh at andrew.hoegh@eia.doe.gov or (202) 586-9502.

262

Trend Detection on Thin-Film Solar Cell Technology Using Cluster Analysis and Modified Data Crystallization  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Thin-film solar cell, one of green energies, is growing ... . To detect the potential trends of this technology is essential for companies and relevant industries ... patterns, the potential trends of thin-film solar

Tzu-Fu Chiu; Chao-Fu Hong; Yu-Ting Chiu

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

263

Understanding Wind Turbine Price Trends in the U.S. Over the Past Decade  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

and Ryan Wiser. 2009. Wind Power Price Trends in the UnitedCarbon Trust. 2008. Offshore wind power: big challenge, bigAndrew. 2008. Trends in Wind Power Prices, B.O.P. , and

Bolinger, Mark

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

264

Marine wind and wave height trends at different ERA-Interim forecast ranges  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Trends in marine wind speed and significant wave height are investigated using the global reanalysis ERA-Interim over the period 1979-2012, based on monthly mean and maximum data. Besides the traditional reanalysis, we include trends obtained at ...

Ole Johan Aarnes; Saleh Abdalla; Jean-Raymond Bidlot; yvind Breivik

265

Fifty-Year Trends in the Chemical Industry: What Do They Mean for Chemical Education?  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Fifty-Year Trends in the Chemical Industry: What Do They Mean for Chemical Education? ... Environmental Chemistry ...

George W. Parshall; Chadwick A. Tolman

1999-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

266

Trends and variations in the baseline soundscape of Americas first offshore wind farm  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

With the development of Cape Wind Nantucket Sound Massachusetts may become home to Americas first offshore wind farm. The goal of this ongoing project is to establish the baseline (pre-construction) soundscape of anthropogenic and biological activity including diel and seasonal variability of various sound types at the construction site and nearby comparison sites. Acoustic recorders have been deployed since April 2012 recording on a 10% duty cycle (sample rate: 80 kHz). Multiple fish sounds have been identified with the predominant signals attributed to cusk eels (Family Ophidiidae). Cusk eel sounds consist of a series of pulses with energy between 400 and 2500 Hz. They are detectable from April to October with dense choruses occurring during the summer months. Sound energy levels during these choruses increased near the hours of sunrise and sunset. Vessel traffic also showed diel and seasonal trends with peaks during the daytime and in the summer. These trends in biological and human activity provide key baseline records for evaluating the possible influence of wind farm construction and operation on a local US soundscape.

T Aran Mooney; Maxwell B. Kaplan

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

268

Gateway:Low Emission Development Strategies | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Low Emission Development Strategies Low Emission Development Strategies (Redirected from Low Emission Development Strategies) Jump to: navigation, search Leds-Graphics 03.PNG Low Emission Development Strategies (LEDS) Gateway This website supports the creation and implementation of country-driven, analytically rigorous low emission development strategies (LEDS). LEDS will enable countries to transition to low carbon economic development resulting in sustained growth in employment and investment, increased financial flows through carbon markets, reduced greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions, and other social, economic, and environmental benefits. The resources here are designed to help you create your own LEDS. We've assembled several toolkits and resources and a sample process for developing a LEDS based on proven best practices. The process is depicted in the diagram to your left, which also lets you navigate through the site. Start with the overview of the LEDS process, or go directly to one of the five major process phases:

269

Volcanic stratigraphy and a kinematic analysis of NE-trending faults of Allens Ranch 7.5' quadrangle, Utah County, Utah  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

) differential shortening during progressive orocline development, (2) the pre-deformational Pennsylvanian. Conversely, mixed paleostress directions for the north-trending Tintic Davis Canyon fault show it is a Basin cutting Lake Bonneville deposits. An Oligocene to Miocene suite of extrusive volcanic units

Seamons, Kent E.

270

Paraffin control in the Northern Michigan Niagaran reef trend  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Wax deposition on downhole equipment and in chokes, flowlines, separators, dehydration and storage equipment is a costly problem in the northern Michigan area called the Niagaran Reef trend. A number of mechanical removal techniques have been used to treat for paraffin. Among these are paraffin cutters, plunger lift, rod scrapers, hot oil or water, plastic coatings, and flowline pigging. Improvements in chemical formulation, testing, and applications have resulted in a number of economically successful chemical programs for paraffin control. Examples of field problems and solutions are presented.

Newberry, M.E.; Addison, G.E.; Barker, K.M.

1986-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

271

Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #732: June 18, 2012 Days to Turn Trend by  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

2: June 18, 2012 2: June 18, 2012 Days to Turn Trend by Vehicle Class to someone by E-mail Share Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #732: June 18, 2012 Days to Turn Trend by Vehicle Class on Facebook Tweet about Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #732: June 18, 2012 Days to Turn Trend by Vehicle Class on Twitter Bookmark Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #732: June 18, 2012 Days to Turn Trend by Vehicle Class on Google Bookmark Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #732: June 18, 2012 Days to Turn Trend by Vehicle Class on Delicious Rank Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #732: June 18, 2012 Days to Turn Trend by Vehicle Class on Digg Find More places to share Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #732: June 18, 2012 Days to Turn Trend by Vehicle Class on AddThis.com... Fact #732: June 18, 2012

272

Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #378: June 27, 2005 Trends in Vehicle  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

8: June 27, 2005 8: June 27, 2005 Trends in Vehicle Attribute Preference to someone by E-mail Share Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #378: June 27, 2005 Trends in Vehicle Attribute Preference on Facebook Tweet about Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #378: June 27, 2005 Trends in Vehicle Attribute Preference on Twitter Bookmark Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #378: June 27, 2005 Trends in Vehicle Attribute Preference on Google Bookmark Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #378: June 27, 2005 Trends in Vehicle Attribute Preference on Delicious Rank Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #378: June 27, 2005 Trends in Vehicle Attribute Preference on Digg Find More places to share Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #378: June 27, 2005 Trends in Vehicle Attribute Preference on AddThis.com...

273

Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #532: August 18, 2008 Trends in Vehicle  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

2: August 18, 2: August 18, 2008 Trends in Vehicle Attribute Preference to someone by E-mail Share Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #532: August 18, 2008 Trends in Vehicle Attribute Preference on Facebook Tweet about Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #532: August 18, 2008 Trends in Vehicle Attribute Preference on Twitter Bookmark Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #532: August 18, 2008 Trends in Vehicle Attribute Preference on Google Bookmark Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #532: August 18, 2008 Trends in Vehicle Attribute Preference on Delicious Rank Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #532: August 18, 2008 Trends in Vehicle Attribute Preference on Digg Find More places to share Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #532: August 18, 2008 Trends in Vehicle Attribute Preference on AddThis.com...

274

Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #484: August 27, 2007 Trends in Vehicle  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

4: August 27, 4: August 27, 2007 Trends in Vehicle Attribute Preference to someone by E-mail Share Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #484: August 27, 2007 Trends in Vehicle Attribute Preference on Facebook Tweet about Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #484: August 27, 2007 Trends in Vehicle Attribute Preference on Twitter Bookmark Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #484: August 27, 2007 Trends in Vehicle Attribute Preference on Google Bookmark Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #484: August 27, 2007 Trends in Vehicle Attribute Preference on Delicious Rank Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #484: August 27, 2007 Trends in Vehicle Attribute Preference on Digg Find More places to share Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #484: August 27, 2007 Trends in Vehicle Attribute Preference on AddThis.com...

275

Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #585: August 24, 2009 Trends in Vehicle  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

5: August 24, 5: August 24, 2009 Trends in Vehicle Attribute Preference to someone by E-mail Share Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #585: August 24, 2009 Trends in Vehicle Attribute Preference on Facebook Tweet about Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #585: August 24, 2009 Trends in Vehicle Attribute Preference on Twitter Bookmark Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #585: August 24, 2009 Trends in Vehicle Attribute Preference on Google Bookmark Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #585: August 24, 2009 Trends in Vehicle Attribute Preference on Delicious Rank Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #585: August 24, 2009 Trends in Vehicle Attribute Preference on Digg Find More places to share Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #585: August 24, 2009 Trends in Vehicle Attribute Preference on AddThis.com...

276

U-270:Trend Micro Control Manager Input Validation Flaw in Ad Hoc Query  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

0:Trend Micro Control Manager Input Validation Flaw in Ad Hoc 0:Trend Micro Control Manager Input Validation Flaw in Ad Hoc Query Module Lets Remote Users Inject SQL Commands U-270:Trend Micro Control Manager Input Validation Flaw in Ad Hoc Query Module Lets Remote Users Inject SQL Commands September 28, 2012 - 6:00am Addthis PROBLEM: Trend Micro Control Manager Input Validation Flaw in Ad Hoc Query Module Lets Remote Users Inject SQL Commands PLATFORM: Control Manager - 3.0, 3.5, 5.0, 5.5, 6.0 ABSTRACT: Trend Micro has been notified of a potential product vulnerability in Control Manager. reference LINKS: Trend Micro Technical Support ID 1061043 SecurityTracker Alert ID: 1027584 Secunia Advisory SA50760 CVE-2012-2998 IMPACT ASSESSMENT: Medium Discussion: A vulnerability has been reported in Trend Micro Control Manager, which can

277

Wind Power Development in the United States: Current Progress, Future Trends  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

also concludes that the integration of 20% wind into U.S.and integration costs, Figure 4 provides a supply curve for wind

Wiser, Ryan H

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

278

Wind Power Development in the United States: Current Progress, Future Trends  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Cost of Natural Gas Combined Cycle Wholesale Price Range foroffsets both coal and combined-cycle natural gas usage, but

Wiser, Ryan H

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

279

Data Center Energy Consumption Trends | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Program Areas » Data Center Energy Efficiency » Data Center Program Areas » Data Center Energy Efficiency » Data Center Energy Consumption Trends Data Center Energy Consumption Trends October 8, 2013 - 10:09am Addthis Data centers can consume up to 100 times more energy than a standard office building. Often, less than 15% of original source energy is used for the information technology equipment within a data center. Figure 1 outlines typical data center energy consumption ratios. An illustration that features a graphic of a coal container representing 100 units of coal. This enters a graphic of a power plant, where those 100 units of coal are turned into 35 units of energy. The 35 units of energy are distributed by power lines, represented by a graphic of power lines, where 33 units are delivered to a pie chart representing data typical data center energy end use. The data center pie chart features 48% representing server load and computing operation consumption; 43% representing cooling equipment consumption; and 9% representing power conversion and distribution consumption.

280

Patient exposure trends in medical and dental radiography  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Patient exposure to medical and dental x rays has long been of interest to the radiological health community. With the cooperation of state and local agencies and professional groups, the Center for Devices and Radiological Health has conducted three major surveys of patient exposure to x rays. The latest of these surveys, the Nationwide Evaluation of X-ray Trends (NEXT), collected x-ray exposure data for each year starting in 1972. Two earlier studies, the 1964 and 1970 X-ray Exposure Studies collected x-ray data during the years these surveys were conducted. Exposure trends presented are based on results of all three studies. Major improvements in beam limitation are seen for medical and dental radiography. Since 1964, when the first nationwide survey was conducted, dental exposures have decreased about 75%. Decreases of up to one-third occurred in exposures for medical examinations. The current exposure data presented continue to show a wide variation in medical exposures. Also presented are organ doses for four organs (ovaries, testes, thyroid and active bone marrow).

Johnson, D.W.; Goetz, W.A.

1986-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "development trends depicted" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


281

EIA - Annual Energy Outlook 2007 with Projections to 2030 - Market Trends-  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Energy Demand Energy Demand Annual Energy Outlook 2007 with Projections to 2030 Energy Demand Figure 33. Energy use per capita and per dollar of gross domestic product, 1980-2030 (index, 1980 = 1). Need help, contact the National Energyi Information Center at 202-586-8800. figure data Figure 34. Primary energy use by fuel, 2005-2030 (quadrillion Btu). Need help, contact the National Energyi Information Center at 202-586-8800. figure data Average Energy Use per Person Increases Through 2030 The future path of U.S. energy demand will depend on trends in population, economic growth, energy prices, and technology adoption. AEO2007 cases developed to illustrate the uncertainties associated with those factors include low and high economic growth cases, low and high price cases, and

282

Gateway:Low Emission Development Strategies | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Low Emission Development Strategies Low Emission Development Strategies (Redirected from LEDS Pathways Analysis) Jump to: navigation, search Leds-Graphics 03.PNG Low Emission Development Strategies (LEDS) Gateway This website supports the creation and implementation of country-driven, analytically rigorous low emission development strategies (LEDS). LEDS will enable countries to transition to low carbon economic development resulting in sustained growth in employment and investment, increased financial flows through carbon markets, reduced greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions, and other social, economic, and environmental benefits. The resources here are designed to help you create your own LEDS. We've assembled several toolkits and resources and a sample process for developing a LEDS based on proven best practices. The process is depicted in the diagram to your left, which also lets you navigate through the site. Start with the overview of the LEDS process, or go directly to one of the five major process phases:

283

Gateway:Low Emission Development Strategies | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Low Emission Development Strategies Low Emission Development Strategies (Redirected from LEDS) Jump to: navigation, search Leds-Graphics 03.PNG Low Emission Development Strategies (LEDS) Gateway This website supports the creation and implementation of country-driven, analytically rigorous low emission development strategies (LEDS). LEDS will enable countries to transition to low carbon economic development resulting in sustained growth in employment and investment, increased financial flows through carbon markets, reduced greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions, and other social, economic, and environmental benefits. The resources here are designed to help you create your own LEDS. We've assembled several toolkits and resources and a sample process for developing a LEDS based on proven best practices. The process is depicted in the diagram to your left, which also lets you navigate through the site. Start with the overview of the LEDS process, or go directly to one of the five major process phases:

284

Continuous execution : improving user feedback in the development cycle  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Programming environments are increasing the amount of feedback given to users during the development cycle. This work continues with this trend by exploring continuous execution, a programming environment where the result ...

Su, Kevin

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

285

Trends in emissions of acidifying species in Asia, 1985-1997.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Acid deposition is a serious problem throughout much of Asia. Emissions of sulfur dioxide (SO{sub 2}) and nitrogen oxides (NO{sub x}) have been increasing steadily, as nations strive to increase their levels of economic development. Coal and fuel oil have been the main choices for powering industrial development; and, until recently, only a few countries (notably Japan and Taiwan) had taken significant steps to avert the atmospheric emissions that accompany fuel combustion. This paper discusses trends in emissions of SO{sub 2} and NO{sub x} that have occurred in Asian countries in the period 1985--1997, using results from the RAINS-ASIA computer model and energy-use trends from the IEA Energy Statistics and Balances database. Emissions of SO{sub 2} in Asia grew from 26.6 Tg in 1985 to 33.7 Tg in 1990 and to 39.2 Tg in 1997. Though SO{sub 2} emissions used to grow as fast as fossil-fuel use, recent limitations on the sulfur content of coal and oil have slowed the growth. The annual-average emissions growth between 1990 and 1997 was only 1.1%, considerably less than the economic growth rate. Emissions of NO{sub x}, on the other hand, continue to grow rapidly, from 14.1 Tg in 1985 to 18.7 Tg in 1990 and 28.5 Tg in 1997, with no signs of abating. Thus, though SO{sub 2} remains the major contributor to acidifying emissions in Asia, the role of NO{sub x}, will become more and more important in the future.

Streets, D. G.; Tsai, N. Y.; Akimoto, H.; Oka, K.

2000-05-31T23:59:59.000Z

286

Scoping study on trends in the economic value of electricity reliability to the U.S. economy  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

During the past three years, working with more than 150 organizations representing public and private stakeholders, EPRI has developed the Electricity Technology Roadmap. The Roadmap identifies several major strategic challenges that must be successfully addressed to ensure a sustainable future in which electricity continues to play an important role in economic growth. Articulation of these anticipated trends and challenges requires a detailed understanding of the role and importance of reliable electricity in different sectors of the economy. This report is intended to contribute to that understanding by analyzing key aspects of trends in the economic value of electricity reliability in the U.S. economy. We first present a review of recent literature on electricity reliability costs. Next, we describe three distinct end-use approaches for tracking trends in reliability needs: (1) an analysis of the electricity-use requirements of office equipment in different commercial sectors; (2) an examination of the use of aggregate statistical indicators of industrial electricity use and economic activity to identify high reliability-requirement customer market segments; and (3) a case study of cleanrooms, which is a cross-cutting market segment known to have high reliability requirements. Finally, we present insurance industry perspectives on electricity reliability as an example of a financial tool for addressing customers' reliability needs.

Eto, Joseph; Koomey, Jonathan; Lehman, Bryan; Martin, Nathan; Mills, Evan; Webber, Carrie; Worrell, Ernst

2001-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

287

Annual Energy Outlook with Projections to 2025 - Market Trends- Carbon  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Carbon Dioxide Emissions Carbon Dioxide Emissions Annual Energy Outlook 2005 Market Trends - Carbon Dioxide Emissions Higher Energy Consumption Forecast Increases Carbon Dioxide Emissions Figure 110. Carbon dioxide emissions by sector and fuel, 2003 and 2025 (million metric tons). Having problems, call our National Energy Information Center at 202-586-8800 for help. Figure data Carbon dioxide emissions from energy use are projected to increase on average by 1.5 percent per year from 2003 to 2025, to 8,062 million metric tons (Figure 110). Emissions per capita are projected to grow by 0.7 percent per year. New carbon dioxide mitigation programs, more rapid improvements in technology, or more rapid adoption of voluntary programs could result in lower emissions levels than projected here.

288

Annual Energy Outlook with Projections to 2025 - Market Trends  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Market Drivers Market Drivers Annual Energy Outlook 2005 Market Trends - Market Drivers Strong Economic Growth Is Expected To Continue Figure 35. Average annual growth rates of real GDP and economic factors, 1995-2025 (percent). Having problems, call our National Energy Information Center at 202-586-8800 for help. Figure data The output of the Nation’s economy, measured by GDP, is projected to grow by 3.1 percent per year between 2003 and 2025 (with GDP based on 2000 chain-weighted dollars) (Figure 35). The labor force is projected to increase by 0.9 percent per year between 2003 and 2025. Labor productivity growth in the nonfarm business sector is projected at 2.2 percent per year. Compared with the second half of the 1990s, the rates of growth in GDP and nonfarm employment were lower from 2000 through 2002. Economic growth has

289

Annual Energy Outlook with Projections to 2025 - Market Trends- Electricity  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Electricity Demand and Supply Electricity Demand and Supply Annual Energy Outlook 2005 Market Trends - Electricity Demand and Supply Continued Growth in Electricity Use Is Expected in All Sectors Figure 66. Annual electricity sales by sector, 1970-2025 (billion kilowatthours). Having problems, call our National Energy Information Center at 202-586-8800 for help. Figure data Total electricity sales are projected to increase at an average annual rate of 1.9 percent in the AEO2005 reference case, from 3,481 billion kilowatthours in 2003 to 5,220 billion kilowatthours in 2025 (Figure 66). From 2003 to 2025, annual growth in electricity sales is projected to average 1.6 percent in the residential sector, 2.5 percent in the commercial sector, and 1.3 percent in the industrial sector.

290

LBNL-5268E An Examination of Temporal Trends  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

68E 68E An Examination of Temporal Trends in Electricity Reliability Based on Reports from U.S. Electric Utilities Joseph H. Eto, Kristina Hamachi LaCommare, Peter Larsen, Annika Todd, and Emily Fisher January 2012 The work described in this report was funded by the Office of Electricity Delivery and Energy Reliability of the U.S. Department of Energy under Contract No. DE-AC02- 05CH11231. ERNEST ORLANDO LAWRENCE BERKELEY NATIONAL LABORATORY Disclaimer This document was prepared as an account of work sponsored by the United States Government. While this document is believed to contain correct information, neither the United States Government nor any agency thereof, nor The Regents of the University of California, nor any of their employees, makes any warranty, express or

291

Annual Energy Outlook with Projections to 2025 - Market Trends- Energy  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Energy Demand Energy Demand Annual Energy Outlook 2005 Market Trends - Energy Demand Figure 42. Energy use per capita and per dollar of gross domestic product, 1970-2025 (index, 1970 = 1). Having problems, call our National Energy Information Center at 202-586-8800 for help. Figure data Average Energy Use per Person Increases in the Forecast Energy intensity, as measured by energy use per 2000 dollar of GDP, is projected to decline at an average annual rate of 1.6 percent, with efficiency gains and structural shifts in the economy offsetting growth in demand for energy services (Figure 42). The projected rate of decline falls between the average rate of 2.3 percent from 1970 through 1986, when energy prices increased in real terms, and the 0.7-percent rate from 1986 through

292

Annual Energy Outlook with Projections to 2025-Market Trends - Carbon  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Carbon Dioxide Emissions Carbon Dioxide Emissions Annual Energy Outlook 2004 with Projections to 2025 Market Trends - Carbon Dioxide Emissions Index (click to jump links) Carbon Dioxide Emissions Emissions from Electricity Generation Carbon Dioxide Emissions Higher Energy Consumption Forecast Increases Carbon Dioxide Emissions Figure 115. Carbon dioxide emissions by sector and fuel, 1990-2025 (million metric tons). Having problems, call our National Energy Information Center at 202-586-8800 for help. Figure data Carbon dioxide emissions from energy use are projected to increase on average by 1.5 percent per year from 2002 to 2025, to 8,142 million metric tons (Figure 115). Emissions per capita are projected to grow by 0.7 percent per year from 2002 to 2025. Carbon dioxide emissions in the residential sector, including emissions

293

Household Vehicles Energy Use: Latest Data & Trends  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

This page left blank. This page left blank. E N E R G Y O V E RV I E W ENERGY INFORMATION ADMINISTRATION/HOUSEHOLD VEHICLES ENERGY USE: LATEST DATA & TRENDS ENERGY OVERVIEW E N E R G Y O V E RV I E W INTRODUCTION Author's Note Estimates of gallons of fuel consumed, type of fuel used, price paid for fuel, and fuel economy are based on data imputed by EIA, using vehicle characteristics and vehicle-miles traveled data collected during the interview process for the 2001 National Household Travel Survey (NHTS). Rather than obtaining that information directly from fuel purchase diaries, EIA exploited its experience and expertise with modeling techniques for transportation studies, filling missing and uncollected data with information reported to other federal agencies, as described in Appendices

294

Thin-Film Reliability Trends Toward Improved Stability  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Long-term, stable performance of photovoltaic (PV) modules will be increasingly important to their successful penetration of the power grid. This paper summarizes more than 150 thin-film and more than 1700 silicon PV degradation rates (R{sub d}) quoted in publications for locations worldwide. Partitioning the literature results by technology and date of installation statistical analysis shows an improvement in degradation rate especially for thin-film technologies in the last decade. A CIGS array deployed at NREL for more than 5 years that appears to be stable supports the literature trends. Indoor and outdoor data indicate undetectable change in performance (0.2 {+-} 0.2 %/yr). One module shows signs of slight degradation from what appears to be an initial manufacturing defect, however it has not affected the overall system performance.

Jordan, D. C.; Kurtz, S. R.

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

295

Thin-Film Reliability Trends Toward Improved Stability: Preprint  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Long-term, stable performance of photovoltaic (PV) modules will be increasingly important to their successful penetration of the power grid. This paper summarizes more than 150 thin-film and more than 1700 silicon PV degradation rates (Rd) quoted in publications for locations worldwide. Partitioning the literature results by technology and date of installation statistical analysis shows an improvement in degradation rate especially for thin-film technologies in the last decade. A CIGS array deployed at NREL for more than 5 years that appears to be stable supports the literature trends. Indoor and outdoor data indicate undetectable change in performance (0.2+/-0.2 %/yr). One module shows signs of slight degradation from what appears to be an initial manufacturing defect, however it has not affected the overall system performance.

Jordan, D. C.; Kurtz, S. R.

2011-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

296

Household Vehicles Energy Use: Latest Data & Trends  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

E E N E R G Y O V E RV I E W ENERGY INFORMATION ADMINISTRATION/HOUSEHOLD VEHICLES ENERGY USE: LATEST DATA & TRENDS ENERGY OVERVIEW E N E R G Y O V E RV I E W INTRODUCTION Author's Note Estimates of gallons of fuel consumed, type of fuel used, price paid for fuel, and fuel economy are based on data imputed by EIA, using vehicle characteristics and vehicle-miles traveled data collected during the interview process for the 2001 National Household Travel Survey (NHTS). Rather than obtaining that information directly from fuel purchase diaries, EIA exploited its experience and expertise with modeling techniques for transportation studies, filling missing and uncollected data with information reported to other federal agencies, as described in Appendices B and C of this report.

297

U-263: Trend Micro InterScan Messaging Security Flaws Permit Cross-Site  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

3: Trend Micro InterScan Messaging Security Flaws Permit 3: Trend Micro InterScan Messaging Security Flaws Permit Cross-Site Scripting and Cross-Site Request Forgery Attacks U-263: Trend Micro InterScan Messaging Security Flaws Permit Cross-Site Scripting and Cross-Site Request Forgery Attacks September 19, 2012 - 6:00am Addthis PROBLEM: Trend Micro InterScan Messaging Security Flaws Permit Cross-Site Scripting and Cross-Site Request Forgery Attacks PLATFORM: 7.1-Build_Win32_1394; possibly other versions ABSTRACT: A vulnerability was reported in Trend Micro InterScan Messaging Security. reference LINKS: US CERT Vulnerability Note VU#471364 SecurityTracker Alert ID: 1027544 CVE-2012-2995 CVE-2012-2996 Micro Trend IMPACT ASSESSMENT: Medium Discussion: Several scripts do not properly filter HTML code from user-supplied input

298

Microsoft Word - Workforce Trends Report to Congress_090706_FINAL.doc  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

August 2006 August 2006 A REPORT TO THE UNITED STATES CONGRESS PURSUANT TO SECTION 1101 OF THE ENERGY POLICY ACT OF 2005 WORKFORCE TRENDS IN THE ELECTRIC UTILITY INDUSTRY U.S. Department of Energy Workforce Trends in the Electric Utility Industry iii SEC. 1101. WORKFORCE TRENDS AND TRAINEESHIP GRANTS *** (b) WORKFORCE TRENDS. - (1) MONITORING. - The Secretary, in consultation with, and using data collected by, the Secretary of Labor, shall monitor trends in the workforce of- (A) skilled technical personnel that support energy technology industries; and (B) electric power and transmission engineers. (2) REPORT ON TRENDS. - Not later than 1 year after the date of enactment of this Act, the Secretary shall submit to Congress a

299

Implications of Long-Term Trends in the Energy Efficiency of Computing and  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Implications of Long-Term Trends in the Energy Efficiency of Computing and Implications of Long-Term Trends in the Energy Efficiency of Computing and Communications Speaker(s): Jonathan Koomey Date: November 14, 2012 - 4:00pm Location: 90-3122 Seminar Host/Point of Contact: Alan Meier Long-standing trends in the energy efficiency of computing promise an explosion in data collected from mobile sensors, controls, and portable computing devices. This talk will describe the research that revealed those efficiency trends and the implications of those trends for our ability to understand and respond to the world around us. The talk will also summarize work in progress characterizing related trends in mobile communications, sensors, batteries, and energy harvesting. A recording of this talk will be available on the UCB Energy and Resources

300

Using Google Flu Trends data in forecasting influenza-likeillness related ED visits in Omaha, Nebraska  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

AbstractIntroduction Emergency department (ED) visits increase during the influenza seasons. It is essential to identify statistically significant correlates in order to develop an accurate forecasting model for ED visits. Forecasting influenza-likeillness (ILI)-related ED visits can significantly help in developing robust resource management strategies at the EDs. Methods We first performed correlation analyses to understand temporal correlations between several predictors of ILI-related ED visits. We used the data available for Douglas County, the biggest county in Nebraska, for Omaha, the biggest city in the state, and for a major hospital in Omaha. The data set included total and positive influenza test results from the hospital (ie, Antigen rapid (Ag) and Respiratory Syncytial Virus Infection (RSV) tests); an Internet-based influenza surveillance system data, that is, Google Flu Trends, for both Nebraska and Omaha; total ED visits in Douglas County attributable to ILI; and ILI surveillance network data for Douglas County and Nebraska as the predictors and data for the hospital's ILI-related ED visits as the dependent variable. We used Seasonal Autoregressive Integrated Moving Average and Holt Winters methods with3 linear regression models to forecast ILI-related ED visits at the hospital and evaluated model performances by comparing the root means square errors (RMSEs). Results Because of strong positive correlations with ILI-related ED visits between 2008 and 2012, we validated the use of Google Flu Trends data as a predictor in an ED influenza surveillance tool. Of the 5 forecasting models we have tested, linear regression models performed significantly better when Google Flu Trends data were included as a predictor. Regression models including Google Flu Trends data as a predictor variable have lower RMSE, and the lowest is achieved when all other variables are also included in the model in our forecasting experiments for the first 5 weeks of 2013 (with RMSE = 57.61). Conclusions Google Flu Trends data statistically improve the performance of predicting ILI-related ED visits in Douglas County, and this result can be generalized to other communities. Timely and accurate estimates of ED volume during the influenza season, as well as during pandemic outbreaks, can help hospitals plan their ED resources accordingly and lower their costs by optimizing supplies and staffing and can improve service quality by decreasing ED wait times and overcrowding.

Ozgur M. Araz; Dan Bentley; Robert L. Muelleman

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "development trends depicted" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


301

Unexpected increasing AOT trends over northwest Bay of Bengal in the early postmonsoon season  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The main point of our study is that aerosol trends can be created by changes in meteorology without changes in aerosol source strength. Over the 10 year period 20002009, in October, Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer (MODIS) showed strong increasing aerosol optical thickness (AOT) trends of approximately 14% yr-1 over northwest Bay of Bengal (BoB) in the absence of AOT trends over the east of the Indian subcontinent. This was unexpected because sources of anthropogenic pollution were located over the Indian subcontinent and aerosol transport from the Indian subcontinent to northwest BoB was carried out by prevailing winds. In October, winds over the east of the Indian subcontinent were stronger than winds over northwest BoB, which resulted in wind convergence and accumulation of aerosol particles over northwest BoB. Moreover, there was an increasing trend in wind convergence over northwest BoB. This led to increasing trends in the accumulation of aerosol particles over northwest BoB and, consequently, to strong AOT trends over this area. In contrast to October, November showed no increasing AOT trends over northwest BoB or the nearby Indian subcontinent. The lack of AOT trends over northwest BoB corresponds to a lack of trends in wind convergence in that region. Finally, December domestic heating by the growing population resulted in positive AOT trends of similar magnitude over land and sea. Our findings illustrate that in order to explain and predict trends in regional aerosol loading, meteorological trends should be taken into consideration together with changes in aerosol source strength.

Kishcha, P.; Starobinets, B.; Long, Charles N.; Alpert, P.

2012-12-13T23:59:59.000Z

302

The Roadmap of Development in Chinese Marine Science & Technology to 2050  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Based on the detailed analysis on the needs of national security and economic and social development for marine science and technology, the analysis on the status quo and development trend of marine science and technology

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

303

Alcohol Mixed with Caffeinated Energy Drinks: Consumption Patterns and Trends Among Canadian Youth & Young Adults.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??Use of caffeinated energy drinks (CEDs) and alcohol mixed with energy drinks (AmEDs) is a growing trend worldwide, and in Canada, youth and young adults (more)

McCrory, Cassondra

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

304

Trends of Wind and Wind Power Over the Coterminous United States.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??The trends of wind and wind power at a typical wind turbine hub height (80 m) are analyzed using the North American Regional Reanalysis (NARR) (more)

Holt, Eric M

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

305

Computer Graphics to Show Optimal Smoothing and Trend Adjustments for Exponential Forecasts  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

When simulating various demand conditions and then determining the best factors for both smoothing and trend adjustments in an exponential smoothing model, both the optimal values and the...

David B. Hoffman; Ramachandran Bharath; Carol M. Carlson

1983-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

306

Global warming coverage in the media: trends in a Mexico City newspaper.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??Global warming and its implications have astounding consequences for the global community. Although some research has been done on the trends within environmental reporting, few (more)

Deines, Tina

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

307

Trends in the cost of efficiency for appliances and consumer electronics  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Appliance Refrigerators and Freezers Room Air ConditionersPCU3352283352285 a The refrigerator and freezer price trendRefrigerators, Refrigerator-Freezers, and Freezers (Final

Desroches, Louis-Benoit

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

308

E-Print Network 3.0 - activity trend estimates Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Collection: Computer Technologies and Information Sciences 48 Driving forces of global wildfires over the past millennium and the forthcoming century Summary: activity trends...

309

Californias North Coast Fishing Communities Historical Perspective and Recent Trends: Eureka Fishing Community Profile  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1998. Changing trends in seafood markets: The case of farmed12 Eureka Area Seafood Receiving, Processing andand destination of seafood landed at Eureka???????????15

Pomeroy, Caroline; Thomson, Cynthia J.; Stevens, Melissa M.

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

310

Trends in Ln(III) Sorption to Quartz Assessed by Molecular Dynamics...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Ln(III) Sorption to Quartz Assessed by Molecular Dynamics Simulations and Laser Induced Flourescence Studies. Trends in Ln(III) Sorption to Quartz Assessed by Molecular Dynamics...

311

Status and Trends in the U.S. Voluntary Green Power Market (2013...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Status and Trends in the U.S. Voluntary Green Power Market (2013 Data) Jenny Heeter National Renewable Energy Laboratory With contributions from: Kathy Belyeu Independent...

312

E-Print Network 3.0 - air quality trends Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Engineering Current Research Projects Summary: , to quantify the effect of transboundary pollution on air quality. Ozone trends and interannual variability... Research's Community...

313

Towards integrating sustainable development in South African universities' accounting education  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This article attempts to depict a linkage between accounting education and sustainable development and how accounting education in South Africa may be fine-tuned to play an advocacy role toward sustainable development. The methodological approach is conceptually rooted in reviews coalesced with a suggested model of reform in accounting curricula. The article revisits the notion of sustainable development, and reviews the implication for and role of accounting education. Findings indicate that there is currently a gap between contemporary demand for social and environmental sustainability and the current stance of accounting education in South Africa. The article suggests how a first degree accounting curriculum in South Africa may be reformed in conformity with sustainable development ideology and highlights behavioural and ethical implications for accounting graduates. The suggested model contributes to the existing debate on sustainability and ethics in accounting and offers an agenda for further discussion and research.

Collins C. Ngwakwe

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

314

Understanding Trends in Wind Turbine Prices Over the Past Decade  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of historical renewable energy cost drivers beyond simple,cost and scaling model developed at the National Renewable Energy

Bolinger, Mark

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

315

Trends and trade-offs in petroleum tax design  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

How should tax systems be designed to account for the characteristics of the government, the oil companies and the projects in order to maximise welfare for the country's inhabitants? How should vital government characteristics reflected in parameters such as impatience to obtain tax revenue - the discount rate - and the willingness and ability to carry risk be accounted for in tax design? These basic issues in petroleum tax design are discussed by means of a tax model for a discretionary licensing regime (Norway) and a production sharing agreement regime (Angola). The analysis covers the entire life cycle of a typical petroleum project, i.e., including the exploration decision. We discuss the trade-off between progressivity on the one hand and the incentive for the oil companies and the host government to carry risk and investment on the other. Thus, we provide basic elements in a state contingent tax design. The paper also surveys trends in petroleum taxation, and discusses how tax elements vary over the business cycle.

Petter Osmundsen; Kjell Løvås

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

316

Contributions of External Forcings to Southern Annular Mode Trends JULIE M. ARBLASTER  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, greenhouse gas increases, and natural variability all being possible contenders. Because it is difficultContributions of External Forcings to Southern Annular Mode Trends JULIE M. ARBLASTER National (Manuscript received 9 February 2005, in final form 17 October 2005) ABSTRACT An observed trend

317

A global single-sensor analysis of 20022011 tropospheric nitrogen dioxide trends observed from space  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A global single-sensor analysis of 2002­2011 tropospheric nitrogen dioxide trends observed from nitrogen dioxide trends observed from space, J. Geophys. Res., 117, D16309, doi:10.1029/2012JD017571. 1. Introduction [2] Nitrogen dioxide (NO2) is one of most prominent air pollutants and is emitted primarily

Haak, Hein

318

EXTENSION CENTER FOR COMMUNITY VITALITY Continuing the Trend: The Brain Gain  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

EXTENSION CENTER FOR COMMUNITY VITALITY Continuing the Trend: The Brain Gain of the Newcomers Fellow, University of Minnesota Extension Center for Community Vitality #12;Brain Gain 2010 i Report Reviewers: Neil Linscheid Scott Chazdon Continuing the Trend: The Brain Gain of the Newcomers A GENERATIONAL

Minnesota, University of

319

Time-to-Detect Trends in Precipitable Water Vapor with Varying Measurement Error  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This study determined the theoretical time-to-detect (TTD) global climate model (GCM) precipitable water vapor (PWV) 100-yr trends when realistic measurement errors are considered. Global trends ranged from 0.055 to 0.072 mm yr?1 and varied ...

Jacola Roman; Robert Knuteson; Steve Ackerman

2014-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

320

Top Trends in Tracking and Communications: 21st Century Technology...Today  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

- line revenue Integrates with route optimization software 14 #12;The Trend: Real-Time Communication 15 Truck 4 Real Time Data Transmission RFID Scales Integration Onboard Computing J1708 Fleet Maintenance customer records 5 #12;Real Time Transmission Trend ­ Immediate transmission of all field data to the back

Bertini, Robert L.

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While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
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We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
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321

Wind- versus Eddy-Forced Regional Sea Level Trends and Variability in the North Pacific Ocean  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Regional sea level trend and variability in the Pacific Ocean have often been considered to be induced by low-frequency surface wind changes. In this study, we demonstrate that significant sea level trend and variability can also be generated by ...

Bo Qiu; Shuiming Chen; Lixin Wu; Shinichiro Kida

322

NERSC User Day February 13 - Trends, Discovery, and Innovation in HPC  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Day February 13 - Trends, Discovery, and Innovation in HPC Day February 13 - Trends, Discovery, and Innovation in HPC NERSC User Day February 13 - Trends, Discovery, and Innovation in HPC February 10, 2013 by Francesca Verdier (0 Comments) All members of the Berkeley Lab community, as well as those who have registered for the NERSC Users Group meeting, are welcome to join us for the NERSC User Day this February 13, 2013, in the Building 50 auditorium at Berkeley Lab. The theme of the User Day is Trends, Discovery, and Innovation in High Performance Computing: Trends 9:00 - The Future of High Performance Scientific Computing, Kathy Yelick, Berkeley Lab Associate Director of Computing Science 9:45 - NERSC Today and in the Next 10 Years, Sudip Dosanjh, NERSC Director Discovery 11:00 - Discovery of the Higgs Boson and the role of LBNL and World-Wide

323

THE DEVELOPMENT MODEL ELECTRONIC COMMERCE OF REGIONAL AGRICULTURE  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

THE DEVELOPMENT MODEL ELECTRONIC COMMERCE OF REGIONAL AGRICULTURE Jun Kang* , Lecai Cai, Hongchan, Fax: +86-813-5505966, Email: kj_sky@126.com Abstract: With the developing of the agricultural information, it is inevitable trend of the development of agricultural electronic commercial affairs

Boyer, Edmond

324

Does economic development drive the fertility rebound in OECD countries?  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 Does economic development drive the fertility rebound in OECD countries? Angela Luci, Olivier Thévenon 167 2010 #12;2 #12;3 Does economic development drive the fertility rebound in OECD countries.thevenon@ined.fr We examine how far changes in fertility trends are related to ongoing economic development in OECD

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

325

Using Agile Practices in Global Software Development: A Systematic Review  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Using Agile Practices in Global Software Development: A Systematic Review Emam Hossain1 Muhammad There is a growing interest in applying agile approaches in Global Software Development (GSD) projects. Recently;1 Introduction The trend in the recent software development industry is to move towards Global Software

New South Wales, University of

326

Analysis of SNL/MSU/DOE fatigue database trends for wind turbine blade materials.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This report presents an analysis of trends in fatigue results from the Montana State University program on the fatigue of composite materials for wind turbine blades for the period 2005-2009. Test data can be found in the SNL/MSU/DOE Fatigue of Composite Materials Database which is updated annually. This is the fifth report in this series, which summarizes progress of the overall program since its inception in 1989. The primary thrust of this program has been research and testing of a broad range of structural laminate materials of interest to blade structures. The report is focused on current types of infused and prepreg blade materials, either processed in-house or by industry partners. Trends in static and fatigue performance are analyzed for a range of materials, geometries and loading conditions. Materials include: sixteen resins of three general types, five epoxy based paste adhesives, fifteen reinforcing fabrics including three fiber types, three prepregs, many laminate lay-ups and process variations. Significant differences in static and fatigue performance and delamination resistance are quantified for particular materials and process conditions. When blades do fail, the likely cause is fatigue in the structural detail areas or at major flaws. The program is focused strongly on these issues in addition to standard laminates. Structural detail tests allow evaluation of various blade materials options in the context of more realistic representations of blade structure than do the standard test methods. Types of structural details addressed in this report include ply drops used in thickness tapering, and adhesive joints, each tested over a range of fatigue loading conditions. Ply drop studies were in two areas: (1) a combined experimental and finite element study of basic ply drop delamination parameters for glass and carbon prepreg laminates, and (2) the development of a complex structured resin-infused coupon including ply drops, for comparison studies of various resins, fabrics and pry drop thicknesses. Adhesive joint tests using typical blade adhesives included both generic testing of materials parameters using a notched-lap-shear test geometry developed in this study, and also a series of simulated blade web joint geometries fabricated by an industry partner.

Mandell, John F. (Montana State University, Bozeman, MT); Ashwill, Thomas D.; Wilson, Timothy J. (Montana State University, Bozeman, MT); Sears, Aaron T. (Montana State University, Bozeman, MT); Agastra, Pancasatya (Montana State University, Bozeman, MT); Laird, Daniel L.; Samborsky, Daniel D. (Montana State University, Bozeman, MT)

2010-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

327

General trend for pressurized superconducting hydrogen-dense materials  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The long-standing prediction that hydrogen can assume a metallic state under high pressure, combined with arguments put forward more recently that this state might even be superconducting up to high temperatures, continues to spur tremendous research activities toward the experimental realization of metallic hydrogen. These efforts have however so far been impeded by the enormous challenges associated with the exceedingly large required pressure. Hydrogen-dense materials, of the MH{sub 4} form (where M can be, e.g., Si, Ge, or Sn) or of the MH{sub 3} form (with M being, e.g., Al, Sc, Y, or La), allow for the rather exciting opportunity to carry out a proxy study of metallic hydrogen and associated high-temperature superconductivity at pressures within the reach of current techniques. At least one experimental report indicates that a superconducting state might have been observed already in SiH{sub 4}, and several theoretical studies have predicted superconductivity in pressurized hydrogen-rich materials; however, no systematic dependence on the applied pressure has yet been identified so far. In the present work, we have used first-principles methods in an attempt to predict the superconducting critical temperature (T{sub c}) as a function of pressure (P) for three metal-hydride systems of the MH{sub 3} form, namely ScH{sub 3}, YH{sub 3}, and LaH{sub 3}. By comparing the obtained results, we are able to point out a general trend in the T{sub c}-dependence on P. These gained insights presented here are likely to stimulate further theoretical studies of metallic phases of hydrogen-dense materials and should lead to new experimental investigations of their superconducting properties.

Kim, D. Y.; Scheicher, R. H.; Mao, Ho-kwang; Kang, T. W.; Ahuja, R.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

328

TRENDS in Cognitive Sciences Vol.5 No.1 January 2001 http://tics.trends.com 1364-6613/01/$ see front matter 2001 Elsevier Science Ltd.All rights reserved. PII  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

TRENDS in Cognitive Sciences Vol.5 No.1 January 2001 http://tics.trends.com 1364-6613/01/$ ­ see front matter © 2001 Elsevier Science Ltd.All rights reserved. PII: 26 ReviewReview http://tics

Bressler, Steven L.

329

Current trends in modelling research for turbulent aerodynamic flows  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...standpoint in RANS model development, the task is to characterize...motivation behind the development of turbulent closure...wing-body junctions or turbine blades where separation...c v) and R is the gas constant. The presence...equations. 3. Closure strategies for RANS The closure...

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

330

Geothermal direct use projects in the United States: Status and trends  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Prior to about 1973, geothermal most direct use projects in the United States involved pool/spa applications and limited district and space heating systems. The oil price shocks of the 1970's revived interest in the use of geothermal energy as an alternative energy source. Accordingly, the US Department of Energy initiated numerous programs that caused significant growth of this industry. These programs involved technical assistance to developers, the preparation of project feasibility studies for potential users, cost sharing of demonstration projects (space and district heating, industrial, agriculture, and aquaculture), resource assessments, loan guarantees, support of state resource and commercialization activities, and others. Also adding to the growth were various federal and state tax credits. The use of groundwater-source heat pumps contributed to the growth, starting in 1980. The growth of direct use project development was quite closely monitored during the late 1970's and early 1980's when the USDOE program activities were extensive. Periodic updating of the status of the projects has been occasional but limited since that time. In order to obtain a better understanding of the current geothermal direct use market, the Oregon Institute of Technology Geo-Heat Center (OIT), under contract to the US Department of Energy, launched an extensive data-gathering effort in the spring of 1988. The results of that effort are incorporated into this paper. The Idaho National Engineering Laboratory (INEL) (also funded by the Department of Energy) and OIT, through their continuing contacts with the geothermal industry, including state energy offices, are familiar with development trends and concerns; this information is also presented. 3 tabs.

Lunis, B.C.; Lienau, P.J. (EG and G Idaho, Inc., Idaho Falls, ID (USA); Oregon Inst. of Tech., Klamath Falls, OR (USA). Geo-Heat Center)

1988-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

331

Evaluation of metrics and baselines for tracking greenhouse gas emissions trends: Recommendations for the California climate action registry  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Executive Summary: The California Climate Action Registry, which was initially established in 2000 and began operation in Fall 2002, is a voluntary registry for recording annual greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions. The purpose of the Registry is to assist California businesses and organizations in their efforts to inventory and document emissions in order to establish a baseline and to document early actions to increase energy efficiency and decrease GHG emissions. The State of California has committed to use its ''best efforts'' to ensure that entities that establish GHG emissions baselines and register their emissions will receive ''appropriate consideration under any future international, federal, or state regulatory scheme relating to greenhouse gas emissions.'' Reporting of GHG emissions involves documentation of both ''direct'' emissions from sources that are under the entity's control and indirect emissions controlled by others. Electricity generated by an off-site power source is consider ed to be an indirect GHG emission and is required to be included in the entity's report. Registry participants include businesses, non-profit organizations, municipalities, state agencies, and other entities. Participants are required to register the GHG emissions of all operations in California, and are encouraged to report nationwide. For the first three years of participation, the Registry only requires the reporting of carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions, although participants are encouraged to report the remaining five Kyoto Protocol GHGs (CH4, N2O, HFCs, PFCs, and SF6). After three years, reporting of all six Kyoto GHG emissions is required. The enabling legislation for the Registry (SB 527) requires total GHG emissions to be registered and requires reporting of ''industry-specific metrics'' once such metrics have been adopted by the Registry. The Ernest Orlando Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (Berkeley Lab) was asked to provide technical assistance to the California Energy Commission (Energy Commission) related to the Registry in three areas: (1) assessing the availability and usefulness of industry-specific metrics, (2) evaluating various methods for establishing baselines for calculating GHG emissions reductions related to specific actions taken by Registry participants, and (3) establishing methods for calculating electricity CO2 emission factors. The third area of research was completed in 2002 and is documented in Estimating Carbon Dioxide Emissions Factors for the California Electric Power Sector (Marnay et al., 2002). This report documents our findings related to the first areas of research. For the first area of research, the overall objective was to evaluate the metrics, such as emissions per economic unit or emissions per unit of production that can be used to report GHG emissions trends for potential Registry participants. This research began with an effort to identify methodologies, benchmarking programs, inventories, protocols, and registries that u se industry-specific metrics to track trends in energy use or GHG emissions in order to determine what types of metrics have already been developed. The next step in developing industry-specific metrics was to assess the availability of data needed to determine metric development priorities. Berkeley Lab also determined the relative importance of different potential Registry participant categories in order to asses s the availability of sectoral or industry-specific metrics and then identified industry-specific metrics in use around the world. While a plethora of metrics was identified, no one metric that adequately tracks trends in GHG emissions while maintaining confidentiality of data was identified. As a result of this review, Berkeley Lab recommends the development of a GHG intensity index as a new metric for reporting and tracking GHG emissions trends.Such an index could provide an industry-specific metric for reporting and tracking GHG emissions trends to accurately reflect year to year changes while protecting proprietary data. This GHG intensity index changes

Price, Lynn; Murtishaw, Scott; Worrell, Ernst

2003-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

332

Prediction of demand trends of coking coal in China based on grey linear regression composition model  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The scarce of coking coal resources in China results in its short supply. By establishing a grey linear regression composition model, this paper has greatly improved the inadequacy of grey system prediction model and regression analysis method in trend prediction and finished the prediction of demand trends of coking coal in China with this model. As result of the prediction, it is estimated that in the next decade, the demand for coking coal in China will experience a growth trend; China's demand for coking coal will reach more than 1.535 billion tons by 2015, reach the maximum of 1.639 billion tons by 2020 and drop in 2025.

Hai-Dong Zhou; Qiang Wu; Min Fang; Zhong-Bao Ren; Li-Fei Jin

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

333

Marketing "Honor Killing" Memoirs: Confronting Western Depictions of Muslim Women  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Postcolonial Exotic: Marketing the Margins. New York:of cultural expression. Marketing the Margins as ExoticHuggans analysis about marketing the exotic in his book,

Pazargadi, Leila

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

334

Reliability and Geographic Trends of 50,000 Photovoltaic Systems in the USA: Preprint  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This paper presents performance and reliability data from nearly 50,000 photovoltaic (PV) systems totaling 1.7 gigawatts installed capacity in the USA from 2009 to 2012 and their geographic trends. About 90% of the normal systems and about 85% of all systems, including systems with known issues, performed to within 10% or better of expected performance. Although considerable uncertainty may exist due to the nature of the data, hotter climates appear to exhibit some degradation not seen in the more moderate climates. Special causes of underperformance and their impacts are delineated by reliability category. Hardware-related issues are dominated by inverter problems (totaling less than 0.5%) and underperforming modules (totaling less than 0.1%). Furthermore, many reliability categories show a significant decrease in occurrence from year 1 to subsequent years, emphasizing the need for higher-quality installations but also the need for improved standards development. The probability of PV system damage because of hail is below 0.05%. Singular weather events can have a significant impact such as a single lightning strike to a transformer or the impact of a hurricane. However, grid outages are more likely to have a significant impact than PV system damage when extreme weather events occur.

Jordan, D. C.; Kurtz, S. R.

2014-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

335

Chapter Three - Automated Test Oracles: State of the Art, Taxonomies, and Trends  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Test oracle methods have changed significantly over time, which has resulted in clear shifts in the research literature. Over the years, the testing techniques, strategies, and criteria utilized by researchers went through technical developments due to the improvement of technologies and programming languages. Software testing designers, known as testers, currently have several resources to increase their confidence in the software under test correctness. All of these software testing resources are supposed to include a mechanism to decide whether a particular execution is considered a failure or not. In software testing environments, this decision is the responsibility of the test oracle. Despite the evolution and adaptation of testing techniques over more than 30 years, test oracles remain a particular and relevant issue. In this chapter, using literary evidence from a pool of about 300 studies directly related to test oracles, we present a classification of test oracles based on a taxonomy that considers their source of information and notations. Based on this classification, we perform a quantitative analysis to highlight the shifts in (evolution of) research on test oracles. Exploring geographical and quantitative information, we analyzed the maturity of this field using coauthorship networks among studies published between 1978 and 2013. Further, we determine the most prolific authors and their countries, main conferences and journals, supporting tools, and academic efforts and use a comparative analysis between academia and industry. Finally, from these analyses, we draw an analytic reflection about contemporary test oracle approaches and a criticism about oracle trends.

Rafael A.P. Oliveira; Upulee Kanewala; Paulo A. Nardi

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

336

Fracture-enhanced porosity and permeability trends in Bakken Formation, Williston basin, western North Dakota  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Fractures play a critical role in oil production from the Bakken Formation (Devonian and Mississippian) in the North Dakota portion of the Williston basin. The Bakken Formation in the study area is known for its low matrix porosity and permeability, high organic content, thermal maturity, and relative lateral homogeneity. Core analysis has shown the effective porosity and permeability development within the Bakken Formation to be related primarily to fracturing. In theory, lineaments mapped on the surface reflect the geometry of basement blocks and the zones of fracturing propagated upward from them. Fracturing in the Williston basin is thought to have occurred along reactivated basement-block boundaries in response to varying tectonic stresses and crustal flexure throughout the Phanerozoic. Landsat-derived lineament maps were examined for the area between 47/degrees/ and 48/degrees/ north lat. and 103/degrees/ and 104/degrees/ west long. (northern Billings and Golden Valley Counties, and western McKenzie County, North Dakota) in an attempt to identify large-scale fracture trends. In the absence of major tectonic deformation in the craton, a subtle pattern of fracturing has propagated upward through the sedimentary cover and emerged as linear topographic features visible on these large-scale, remote-sensed images.

Freisatz, W.B.

1988-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

337

Research trends in neutron activation analysis in nuclear science and technology: a global perspective  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This paper quantitatively analyses the growth and development of research in Neutron Activation Analysis (NAA) in terms of publications. As per the International Nuclear Information System (INIS) database during 1993-2007, a total of 6491 publications were published. The highest number of papers in a year (615) was published in 2004. The average number of publications published per year was 432.73. Japan topped the list with 605 publications followed by the USA with 468, Brazil with 449, China with 442, the Russian Federation with 324 and India with 316. The authorship and collaboration trend is towards multi-authored papers. Researchers in Japan, Brazil and China are more inclined to work in larger groups. The highly productive institutions were Instituto de Pesquisas Energeticas e Nucleares (IPEN), Sao Paulo, Brazil with 281 publications; Bhabha Atomic Research Centre, Mumbai, India with 257; Institute of High Energy Physics, Academia Sinica, Beijing, China with 162; and Japan Atomic Energy Agency, Tokai, Ibaraki, Japan with 140. The journals most preferred by the scientists for the publication of papers are the Journal of Radioanalytical and Nuclear Chemistry with 1204 papers, followed by Applied Radiation and Isotopes with 116 papers, and Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research-A with 84 papers.

Anil Sagar; B.S. Kademani; Vijai Kumar

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

338

In the Name of Global Health: Trends in Academic Institutions  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Sciences, Dar es Salaam, Tanzania Correspondence: Sarah B. Macfarlane, Global Health Sciences, University. There is a danger that all this new energy for global health will result in it becoming an activity developed

Klein, Ophir

339

Intersecting Fault Trends and Crustal-Scale Fluid Pathways Below the Dixie  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Intersecting Fault Trends and Crustal-Scale Fluid Pathways Below the Dixie Intersecting Fault Trends and Crustal-Scale Fluid Pathways Below the Dixie Valley Geothermal Area, Nevada, Inferred from 3d Magnetotelluric Surveying Jump to: navigation, search OpenEI Reference LibraryAdd to library Conference Paper: Intersecting Fault Trends and Crustal-Scale Fluid Pathways Below the Dixie Valley Geothermal Area, Nevada, Inferred from 3d Magnetotelluric Surveying Abstract Geothermal systems may occur in zones of structural dilatency which create the crustal plumbing that al-lows concentration of high-temperature fluids from surrounding volumes. While structural orientations of the U.S. Great Basin are dominated visually by the NNE-oriented horst-graben morphology, other alignments are apparent, perhaps principally a NNW-trending grain

340

Corporate Clean Energy Investment Trends in Brazil, China, India and South  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Corporate Clean Energy Investment Trends in Brazil, China, India and South Corporate Clean Energy Investment Trends in Brazil, China, India and South Africa Jump to: navigation, search Name Corporate Clean Energy Investment Trends in Brazil, China, India and South Africa Agency/Company /Organization Carbon Disclosure Project Partner Renewable Energy and Energy Efficiency Partnership Sector Energy Focus Area Energy Efficiency, Renewable Energy Topics Finance, Market analysis, Policies/deployment programs, Background analysis Website http://www.google.com/url?sa=t Country Brazil, China, India, South Africa South America, Eastern Asia, Southern Asia, Southern Africa References Corporate Clean Energy Investment Trends in Brazil, China, India and South Africa[1] "This project was commissioned by the Renewable Energy & Energy Efficiency

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "development trends depicted" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


341

Cost trends and government incentives in the California photovoltaics market, 2007-2008  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The focus of this thesis is to analyze cost trends and government incentives in the California PV market during 2007-2008. The data show that pre-rebate system costs increased in California during this time period and that ...

Wang Yan, S.B. Massachusetts Institute of Technology

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

342

Recent trends in the intrinsic water-use efficiency of ringless rainforest trees in Borneo  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...Recent trends in the intrinsic water-use efficiency of ringless rainforest trees...from which the intrinsic water-use efficiency (IWUE) was calculated...dendrochronology|REDD|water-use efficiency|carbon| 1. Introduction...

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

343

ENERGY SAVING IN OPTICAL OPERATOR NETWORKS: THE CHALLENGES, THE TREND VISION, AND SOME RESULTS  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract (40-Word Limit): We discuss how to save energy in IP-over-WDM networks, presenting the vision of TREND, the FP7 NoE, and the saving that can be obtained with adaptive routing...

Ajmone Marsan, Marco

344

New perspectives on observed and simulated late Antarctic sea ice extent trends using optimal fingerprinting techniques  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Using optimal fingerprinting techniques, we performed a detection analysis to determine whether observed trends in Southern Ocean sea ice extent since 1979 are outside the expected range of natural variability. Consistent with previous studies, we ...

Will Hobbs; Nathaniel L. Bindoff; Marilyn N. Raphael

345

Comment on 'Discussions on common errors in analyzing sea level accelerations, solar trends and global warming'  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Comment on Scafetta, Nicola. 'Discussion on Common Errors in Analyzing Sea Level Accelerations, Solar Trends and Global Warming.' arXiv:1305.2812 (May 13, 2013a). doi:10.5194/prp-1-37-2013.

Benestad, R E

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

346

The World Conference on Marine Biodiversity: current global trends in marine biodiversity research  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This paper contains an analysis of the communications presented at the World Conference on Marine Biodiversity in Valencia, Spain, November 2008. Our ... was to determine the current global trends in marine biodiversity

Patricia Miloslavich; Eduardo Klein

2009-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

347

Understanding Wind Turbine Price Trends in the U.S. Over the Past Decade  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

consequent impacts on wind turbine and wind energy pricing.Bloomberg NEF). 2011c. Wind Turbine Price Index, Issue V.Understanding Trends in Wind Turbine Prices Over the Past

Bolinger, Mark

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

348

Trends in Daily Temperature and Precipitation Extremes for the Southeastern United States: 1948-2012  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Spatial and temporal trends in temperature and precipitation extremes were investigated for the period 1948 to 2012 across the southeastern United States using 27 previously defined indices. Results show that region-wide warming in extreme minimum ...

Emily J. Powell; Barry D. Keim

349

An Approach to the Detection of Long-Term Trends in Upper Stratospheric Ozone from Space  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A central problem in the detection of long-term trends in upper stratospheric ozone from orbiting remote sensors involves the separation of instrument drifts from true geophysical changes. Periodic flights of a Solar Backscatter Ultraviolet ...

John E. Frederick; Xufeng Niu; Ernest Hilsenrath

1990-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

350

Precipitation and Damaging Floods: Trends in the United States, 193297  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The poor relationship between what climatologists, hydrologists, and other physical scientists call floods, and those floods that actually cause damage to life or property, has limited what can be reliably said about the causes of observed trends ...

Roger A. Pielke Jr.; Mary W. Downton

2000-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

351

Recent Economic Trends in Colorado's Oil and Gas Industry Martin Shields, Ph.D.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

's Oil and Gas Industry Martin Shields, Ph.D. Regional Economics Institute Trends in Colorado's Oil and Gas Industry Summary Colorado's economy lost issues affecting its prospects in Colorado. Although the oil and gas industry

352

Southern hemisphere regional precipitation and climate variability : extremes trends and predictability.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??This PhD thesis investigates the relative importance of oceanic and atmospheric influences on extremes, long-term trends, and seasonal to interannual variability of precipitation for different (more)

Ummenhofer, Caroline C

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

353

Economic Model For a Return on Investment Analysis of United States Government High Performance Computing (HPC) Research and Development (R & D) Investment  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This study investigated how high-performance computing (HPC) investments can improve economic success and increase scientific innovation. This research focused on the common good and provided uses for DOE, other government agencies, industry, and academia. The study created two unique economic models and an innovation index: 1 A macroeconomic model that depicts the way HPC investments result in economic advancements in the form of ROI in revenue (GDP), profits (and cost savings), and jobs. 2 A macroeconomic model that depicts the way HPC investments result in basic and applied innovations, looking at variations by sector, industry, country, and organization size. ? A new innovation index that provides a means of measuring and comparing innovation levels. Key findings of the pilot study include: IDC collected the required data across a broad set of organizations, with enough detail to create these models and the innovation index. The research also developed an expansive list of HPC success stories.

Joseph, Earl C.; Conway, Steve; Dekate, Chirag

2013-09-30T23:59:59.000Z

354

Task 1.5 Genomic Shift and Drift Trends of Emerging Pathogens  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL) Bioinformatics group has recently taken on a role in DTRA's Transformation Medical Technologies Initiative (TMTI). The high-level goal of TMTI is to accelerate the development of broad-spectrum countermeasures. To achieve those goals, TMTI has a near term need to conduct analyses of genomic shift and drift trends of emerging pathogens, with a focused eye on select agent pathogens, as well as antibiotic and virulence markers. Most emerging human pathogens are zoonotic viruses with a genome composed of RNA. The high mutation rate of the replication enzymes of RNA viruses contributes to sequence drift and provides one mechanism for these viruses to adapt to diverse hosts (interspecies transmission events) and cause new human and zoonotic diseases. Additionally, new viral pathogens frequently emerge due to genetic shift (recombination and segment reassortment) which allows for dramatic genotypic and phenotypic changes to occur rapidly. Bacterial pathogens also evolve via genetic drift and shift, although sequence drift generally occurs at a much slower rate for bacteria as compared to RNA viruses. However, genetic shift such as lateral gene transfer and inter- and intragenomic recombination enables bacteria to rapidly acquire new mechanisms of survival and antibiotic resistance. New technologies such as rapid whole genome sequencing of bacterial genomes, ultra-deep sequencing of RNA virus populations, metagenomic studies of environments rich in antibiotic resistance genes, and the use of microarrays for the detection and characterization of emerging pathogens provide mechanisms to address the challenges posed by the rapid emergence of pathogens. Bioinformatic algorithms that enable efficient analysis of the massive amounts of data generated by these technologies as well computational modeling of protein structures and evolutionary processes need to be developed to allow the technology to fulfill its potential.

Borucki, M

2010-01-05T23:59:59.000Z

355

Ambient Sampling/Ionization Mass Spectrometry: Applications and Current Trends  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

drugs of abuse ... We felt that because ambient techniques are still young, fundamental studies are still critically needed to understand the range of applications that can be enabled by their use. ... The detection of counterfeit drugs is of particular interest since it is a growing issue in developing countries and over the Internet. ...

Glenn A. Harris; Asiri S. Galhena; Facundo M. Fernndez

2011-04-15T23:59:59.000Z

356

Efficiency Dilution: Long-Term Exergy Conversion Trends in Japan  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In the electricity sector, for instance, adoption of hydropower was followed by fossil-fired plants and then by nuclear power, each technology being successively less efficient from an exergy perspective. ... Japan is an interesting case given its history of rapid economic and technological development to become a leading economic power in spite of an acute scarcity of domestic natural resources. ...

Eric Williams; Benjamin Warr; Robert U. Ayres

2008-05-28T23:59:59.000Z

357

Global Patterns of Cancer Incidence and Mortality Rates and Trends  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...indoor air pollution from unventilated coal-fueled stoves and from cooking fumes...into action according to capacity and economic development (180-182). In economically...Spain (1992-2003): gender and socio-economic determinants. Public Health Nutr 2007...

Ahmedin Jemal; Melissa M. Center; Carol DeSantis; and Elizabeth M. Ward

2010-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

358

Assessing the viability of lifestyle retail development as a traditional town center  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The lifestyle center, a recently emerged real estate retail product, is the culmination of shifts in cultural attitudes, real estate economic trends, and changes in the role of local government on the development of built ...

Torino, Roger

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

359

LMFBR physics - Achievements in the last decade and future trends  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Two major points characterize the liquid-metal fast breeder reactor (LMFBR) physics developments in Europe. First, most of the activities which have been devoted in Europe in the last decade to fast reactor physics have been performed with international cooperation. Second, Superphenix start-up has represented a turning point in terms of data and design methods validation.The Superphenix start-up (1985) has provided an extensive neutronics experimental data base. The major findings of relevance for reactor physics are described.

Salvatores, M. (CEA/CEN, Cadarache (France))

1990-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

360

Insights into Corporate Energy Management Trends - Focus on Texas  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

with bureaucratic challenges Copyright ? 2010 Deloitte Development LLC and Harrison Group. All rights reserved. 16 Texas based companies less sold on "Cost of Carbon" Q: How would you describe your attitudes when you hear 'carbon cost' being discussed? Total... how many full-time employees, including yourself, does your company employ? , Q: What were your company?s approximate U.S. revenues last fiscal year?, Q: In what states do you operate? , Q: What is your company?s primary business activity? Copyright...

Fyock, C.

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "development trends depicted" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


361

Illicit trafficking of radiological & nuclear materials : modeling and analysis of trafficking trends and risks.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Concerns over the illicit trafficking of radiological and nuclear materials were focused originally on the lack of security and accountability of such material throughout the former Soviet states. This is primarily attributed to the frequency of events that have occurred involving the theft and trafficking of critical material components that could be used to construct a Radiological Dispersal Device (RDD) or even a rudimentary nuclear device. However, with the continued expansion of nuclear technology and the deployment of a global nuclear fuel cycle these materials have become increasingly prevalent, affording a more diverse inventory of dangerous materials and dual-use items. To further complicate the matter, the list of nuclear consumers has grown to include: (1) Nation-states that have gone beyond the IAEA agreed framework and additional protocols concerning multiple nuclear fuel cycles and processes that reuse the fuel through reprocessing to exploit technologies previously confined to the more industrialized world; (2) Terrorist organizations seeking to acquire nuclear and radiological material due to the potential devastation and psychological effect of their use; (3) Organized crime, which has discovered a lucrative market in trafficking of illicit material to international actors and/or countries; and (4) Amateur smugglers trying to feed their families in a post-Soviet era. An initial look at trafficking trends of this type seems scattered and erratic, localized primarily to a select group of countries. This is not necessarily the case. The success with which other contraband has been smuggled throughout the world suggests that nuclear trafficking may be carried out with relative ease along the same routes by the same criminals or criminal organizations. Because of the inordinately high threat posed by terrorist or extremist groups acquiring the ingredients for unconventional weapons, it is necessary that illicit trafficking of these materials be better understood as to prepare for the sustained global development of the nuclear fuel cycle. Conversely, modeling and analyses of this activity must not be limited in their scope to loosely organized criminal smuggling, but address the problem as a commercial, industrial project for the covert development of nuclear technologies and unconventional weapon development.

York, David L.; Love, Tracia L.; Rochau, Gary Eugene

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

362

History of Beekeeping in Developing World  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

History depict human beings as stewards of creation, utilizing nature for human prosperity, but in order to receive the product of honeybees, or their pollination services, human beings have to care for and as...

Rakesh Kumar Gupta; M. S. Khan

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

363

Trends in Patent Applications Relating to Organic Rankine Cycle  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract This study presents a statistical analysis of patent data to explore the technological developments of the Organic Rankine Cycle (ORC). The ORC is considered as one of the most economic and efficient ways to convert low grade thermal energy to electricity. Patent data of this study are obtained from the commercial database, Thomson Innovation, which can be used to search the patent information from many countries and offices. With searching, screening, and patent family integrating by the International Patent Documentation Center (INPADOC), 304 patents are analyzed in the present study. The results show that the patent applications increase slowly before 2006, but increase significantly from 2009 to 2011 mainly due to the contributions from the applications in China and Republic of Korea. The year of 2009 can be regarded as a significant distinction year for the ORC development and patent application. The results also show that the assignee from United States is the most prominent. On the other hand, the number of patent applications in China is the largest, indicating that China might be one of the most potential markets of the ORC. The main International Patent Classification (IPC) of the patent data is F01K (i.e., Steam engine plants; Steam accumulators; Engine plants not otherwise provided for; Engines using special working fluids or cycles). Most importantly, the technology life cycle of the ORC, based on the patent data, is at a growth stage.

Ben-Ran Fu; Sung-Wei Hsu; Chih-His Liu

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

364

SSL Pricing and Efficacy Trend Analysis for Utility Program Planning  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

An LED lamp or luminaire can generally be found that matches or exceeds the efficacy of benchmark technologies in a given product category, and LED products continue to expand into ever-higher lumen output niches. However, the price premium for LED continues to pose a barrier to adoption in many applications, in spite of expected savings from reduced energy use and maintenance. Other factorssuch as dimmability and quality of lightcan also present challenges. The appropriate type, timing, and magnitude of energy efficiency activities will vary from organization to organization based on local variables and the method of evaluation. A number of factors merit consideration when prioritizing activities for development. Category-specific projections for pricing and efficacy are provided herein to assist in efficiency program planning efforts.

Tuenge, Jason R.

2013-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

365

Hydrocarbon Gas Liquids (HGL): Recent Market Trends and Issues  

Reports and Publications (EIA)

Over the past five years, rapid growth in U.S. onshore natural gas and oil production has led to increased volumes of natural gas plant liquids (NGPL) and liquefied refinery gases (LRG). The increasing economic importance of these volumes, as a result of their significant growth in production, has revealed the need for better data accuracy and transparency to improve the quality of historical data and projections for supply, demand, and prices of these liquids, co-products, and competing products. To reduce confusion in terminology and improve its presentation of data, EIA has worked with industry and federal and state governments to clarify gas liquid terminology and has developed the term Hydrocarbon Gas Liquids, or HGL.

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

366

SECURING PROCESSES FOR OUTSOURCING INTO THE CLOUD  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

-sized enterprises (SMEs) to securely utilize cloud computing technology and thus gaining eco- nomic advantages. Our computing is yet one of the leading developments and depicts the biggest progress in web technologies is currently one of the most rapid growing trends and represents the technological de- velopment on the web

Jurjens, Jan

367

Status and Trends in U.S. Compliance and Voluntary Renewable Energy Certificate Markets (2010 Data)  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Status and Trends in U.S. Status and Trends in U.S. Compliance and Voluntary Renewable Energy Certificate Markets (2010 Data) Jenny Heeter and Lori Bird Technical Report NREL/TP-6A20-52925 October 2011 NREL is a national laboratory of the U.S. Department of Energy, Office of Energy Efficiency & Renewable Energy, operated by the Alliance for Sustainable Energy, LLC. National Renewable Energy Laboratory 1617 Cole Boulevard Golden, Colorado 80401 303-275-3000 * www.nrel.gov Contract No. DE-AC36-08GO28308 Status and Trends in U.S. Compliance and Voluntary Renewable Energy Certificate Markets (2010 Data) Jenny Heeter and Lori Bird Prepared under Task No. SAO9.3110 Technical Report NREL/TP-6A20-52925 October 2011 NOTICE This report was prepared as an account of work sponsored by an agency of the United States government.

368

FHWA Traffic Volume Trend Monthly VMT Report - October 2010 | Data.gov  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

October 2010 October 2010 Research Menu Data/Tools Apps Resources Let's Talk Research Alpha You are here Data.gov » Communities » Research » Data FHWA Traffic Volume Trend Monthly VMT Report - October 2010 Dataset Summary Description The Traffic Volume Trends montly report is a natinal data report that provides quality controlled vehicle miles traveled data for each State for all roadways Tags {"volume data",tvt,"traffic volume trends",'fhwa,AADT,VMT,"Vehicle Miles Traveled"} Dataset Ratings Overall 0 No votes yet Data Utility 0 No votes yet Usefulness 0 No votes yet Ease of Access 0 No votes yet Dataset Additional Information Last Updated 02/01/2012 Publisher Federal Highway Administration, Department of Transportation Contact Name Contact Email daniel.jenkins@dot.gov

369

Status and Trends in the U.S. Voluntary Green Power Market (2012 Data)  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Status and Trends in the U.S. Status and Trends in the U.S. Voluntary Green Power Market (2012 Data) J. Heeter and T. Nicholas National Renewable Energy Laboratory Technical Report NREL/TP-6A20-60210 October 2013 NREL is a national laboratory of the U.S. Department of Energy Office of Energy Efficiency & Renewable Energy Operated by the Alliance for Sustainable Energy, LLC. This report is available at no cost from the National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) at www.nrel.gov/publications. Contract No. DE-AC36-08GO28308 National Renewable Energy Laboratory 15013 Denver West Parkway Golden, CO 80401 303-275-3000 * www.nrel.gov Status and Trends in the U.S. Voluntary Green Power Market (2012 Data) J. Heeter and T. Nicholas National Renewable Energy Laboratory

370

FHWA Traffic Volume Trend Monthly VMT Report - June 2010 | Data.gov  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

June 2010 June 2010 Research Menu Data/Tools Apps Resources Let's Talk Research Alpha You are here Data.gov » Communities » Research » Data FHWA Traffic Volume Trend Monthly VMT Report - June 2010 Dataset Summary Description The Traffic Volume Trends montly report is a natinal data report that provides quality controlled vehicle miles traveled data for each State for all roadways Tags {"volume data",tvt,"traffic volume trends",'fhwa,AADT,VMT,"Vehicle Miles Traveled"} Dataset Ratings Overall 0 No votes yet Data Utility 0 No votes yet Usefulness 0 No votes yet Ease of Access 0 No votes yet Dataset Additional Information Last Updated 02/01/2012 Publisher Federal Highway Administration, Department of Transportation Contact Name Contact Email daniel.jenkins@dot.gov

371

FHWA Traffic Volume Trend Monthly VMT Report - October 2011 | Data.gov  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

October 2011 October 2011 Research Menu Data/Tools Apps Resources Let's Talk Research Alpha You are here Data.gov » Communities » Research » Data FHWA Traffic Volume Trend Monthly VMT Report - October 2011 Dataset Summary Description The Traffic Volume Trends montly report is a natinal data report that provides quality controlled vehicle miles traveled data for each State for all roadways Tags {"volume data",tvt,"traffic volume trends",'fhwa,AADT,VMT,"Vehicle Miles Traveled"} Dataset Ratings Overall 0 No votes yet Data Utility 0 No votes yet Usefulness 0 No votes yet Ease of Access 0 No votes yet Dataset Additional Information Last Updated 02/01/2012 Publisher Federal Highway Administration, Department of Transportation Contact Name Contact Email daniel.jenkins@dot.gov

372

FHWA Traffic Volume Trend Monthly VMT Report - September 2011 | Data.gov  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

September 2011 September 2011 Research Menu Data/Tools Apps Resources Let's Talk Research Alpha You are here Data.gov » Communities » Research » Data FHWA Traffic Volume Trend Monthly VMT Report - September 2011 Dataset Summary Description The Traffic Volume Trends montly report is a natinal data report that provides quality controlled vehicle miles traveled data for each State for all roadways Tags {"volume data",tvt,"traffic volume trends",'fhwa,AADT,VMT,"Vehicle Miles Traveled"} Dataset Ratings Overall 0 No votes yet Data Utility 0 No votes yet Usefulness 0 No votes yet Ease of Access 0 No votes yet Dataset Additional Information Last Updated 02/01/2012 Publisher Federal Highway Administration, Department of Transportation Contact Name Contact Email daniel.jenkins@dot.gov

373

FHWA Traffic Volume Trend Monthly VMT Report - June 2011 | Data.gov  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

June 2011 June 2011 Research Menu Data/Tools Apps Resources Let's Talk Research Alpha You are here Data.gov » Communities » Research » Data FHWA Traffic Volume Trend Monthly VMT Report - June 2011 Dataset Summary Description The Traffic Volume Trends montly report is a natinal data report that provides quality controlled vehicle miles traveled data for each State for all roadways Tags {"volume data",tvt,"traffic volume trends",'fhwa,AADT,VMT,"Vehicle Miles Traveled"} Dataset Ratings Overall 0 No votes yet Data Utility 0 No votes yet Usefulness 0 No votes yet Ease of Access 0 No votes yet Dataset Additional Information Last Updated 02/01/2012 Publisher Federal Highway Administration, Department of Transportation Contact Name Contact Email daniel.jenkins@dot.gov

374

Greenhouse Gas Emission Trends and Projections in Europe 2009 | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Greenhouse Gas Emission Trends and Projections in Europe 2009 Greenhouse Gas Emission Trends and Projections in Europe 2009 Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: Greenhouse Gas Emission Trends and Projections in Europe 2009 Agency/Company /Organization: European Environment Agency Topics: Baseline projection, GHG inventory, Background analysis Resource Type: Maps Website: www.eea.europa.eu/publications/eea_report_2009_9 Country: Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Poland, Portugal, Ireland, Romania, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, United Kingdom UN Region: "Western & Eastern Europe" is not in the list of possible values (Eastern Africa, Middle Africa, Northern Africa, Southern Africa, Western Africa, Caribbean, Central America, South America, Northern America, Central Asia, Eastern Asia, Southern Asia, South-Eastern Asia, Western Asia, Eastern Europe, Northern Europe, Southern Europe, Western Europe, Australia and New Zealand, Melanesia, Micronesia, Polynesia, Latin America and the Caribbean) for this property.

375

EIA Energy Efficiency-Manufacturing Industry Trend Data, 1998 and 2002  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Trends 1998, 2002, and 2006 Trends 1998, 2002, and 2006 Manufacturing Industry Trend Data 1998, 2002, and 2006 (NAICS) Page Last Modified: May 2010 Below are data from the 1998, 2002, and 2006 Manufacturing Energy Consumption Survey (MECS), and other sources by industry type. The tables provide estimates for energy consumed for all purposes, fuel consumption, offsite-produced fuel consumption, and nonfuel consumption for selected industries, as well as economic (nominal and real) and physical indicators. Site Energy Consumption 1998, 2002, and 2006 Table 1a. Consumption of Energy (Site Energy) for All Purposes (First Use) for Selected Industries, 1998, 2002, and 2006 html Table 1 excel table 1a. pdf table 1a. Table 1b. End Uses of Fuel Consumption (Site Energy) for Selected Industries, 1998, 2002, and 2006

376

Chance discovery and scenario analysis for trend exploration on solar cell technology  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

It is essential for managers and stakeholders to well understand the trends of a certain technology so that managers can enhance the performance of a company and stakeholders can make appropriate decisions for investment. Solar cell, one of renewable energies, is growing at a fast pace with its unexhausted and non-polluted natures. Meanwhile, the patent data contains plentiful technical information from which is worth exploring to extract further knowledge. Therefore, an integrated approach of chance discovery and scenario analysis has been proposed so as to analyse the patent data, to form the scenarios and to explore the trends of solar cell technology. Finally, the technical topics of solar cell have been realised, the relation patterns between topics have been identified, the scenarios and trends of each topic have been revealed and the tendency of overall situation have also been observed.

Tzu-Fu Chiu

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

377

FHWA Traffic Volume Trend Monthly VMT Report - September 2010 | Data.gov  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

September 2010 September 2010 Research Menu Data/Tools Apps Resources Let's Talk Research Alpha You are here Data.gov » Communities » Research » Data FHWA Traffic Volume Trend Monthly VMT Report - September 2010 Dataset Summary Description The Traffic Volume Trends montly report is a natinal data report that provides quality controlled vehicle miles traveled data for each State for all roadways Tags {"volume data",tvt,"traffic volume trends",'fhwa,AADT,VMT,"Vehicle Miles Traveled"} Dataset Ratings Overall 0 No votes yet Data Utility 0 No votes yet Usefulness 0 No votes yet Ease of Access 0 No votes yet Dataset Additional Information Last Updated 02/01/2012 Publisher Federal Highway Administration, Department of Transportation Contact Name Contact Email daniel.jenkins@dot.gov

378

Regional And Local Trends In Helium Isotopes, Basin And Range Province,  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

And Local Trends In Helium Isotopes, Basin And Range Province, And Local Trends In Helium Isotopes, Basin And Range Province, Western North America- Evidence For Deep Permeable Pathways Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Conference Paper: Regional And Local Trends In Helium Isotopes, Basin And Range Province, Western North America- Evidence For Deep Permeable Pathways Details Activities (1) Areas (1) Regions (0) Abstract: Fluids from the western margin of the Basin and Range have helium isotope ratios as high as ~6-7 Ra, indicating a strong mantle melt influence and consistent with recent and current volcanic activity. Moving away from these areas, helium isotope ratios decrease rapidly to 'background' values of around 0.6 Ra, and then gradually decrease toward the east to low values of ~0.1 Ra at the eastern margin of the Basin and

379

Structure and Origins of Trends in Hydrological Measures over the western United States  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This study examines, at 1/8 degree spatial resolution, the geographic structure of observed trends in key hydrologically relevant variables across the western United States (U.S.) over the period 1950-1999, and investigates whether these trends are statistically significantly different from trends associated with natural climate variations. A number of variables were analyzed, including late winter and spring temperature, winter-total snowy days as a fraction of winter-total wet days, 1st April Snow Water Equivalent (SWE) as a fraction of October through March precipitation total (P{sub ONDJFM}), and seasonal (January-February-March; JFM) accumulated runoff as a fraction of water year accumulated runoff. The observed changes were compared to natural internal climate variability simulated by an 850-year control run of the CCSM3-FV climate model, statistically downscaled to a 1/8 degree grid using the method of Constructed Analogues. Both observed and downscaled temperature and precipitation data were then used to drive the Variable Infiltration Capacity (VIC) hydrological model to obtain the hydrological variables analyzed in this study. Large trends (magnitudes found less than 5% of the time in the long control run) are common in the observations, and occupy substantial part of the area (37-42%) over the mountainous western U.S. These trends are strongly related to the large scale warming that appears over 89% of the domain. The strongest changes in the hydrologic variables, unlikely to be associated with natural variability alone, have occurred at medium elevations (750 m to 2500 m for JFM runoff fractions and 500 m-3000 m for SWE/PONDJFM) where warming has pushed temperatures from slightly below to slightly above freezing. Further analysis using the data on selected catchments across the simulation domain indicated that hydroclimatic variables must have changed significantly (at 95% confidence level) over at least 45% of the total catchment area to achieve a detectable trend in measures accumulated to the catchment scale.

Das, T; Hidalgo, H G; Dettinger, M D; Cayan, D R; Pierce, D W; Bonfils, C; Barnett, T P; Bala, G; Mirin, A

2008-08-22T23:59:59.000Z

380

New trends in power and desalination integrated systems  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Demand for desalinated water has increased sharply in recent years, not only in desert areas but also worldwide. To be able to meet such challenging future demand whilst maintaining reasonable water costs that can be sustained by the end users, real water management should be developed. This should include the limitation of leakages in the water distribution mains, adequate design of end user equipment to optimise water consumption and the adjustment of water quality to the real needs of end users. In addition, desalinated water production has to be increased while reducing more and more the cost of the product water. To achieve this goal, the power and desalination industry is improving the reliability of the processes, designing more efficient processes, integrating power and desalination systems, creating hybrids involving both thermal and membrane desalination processes and revamping or using existing facilities. Energy, capital and operating costs are key parameters of water desalination economics. The optimised integrated system selection has to be envisaged on a case by case basis: the choice will depend on the various specific conditions prevailing on site, which will be the basis of the build-up of the total cost, i.e. capital costs as well as operating costs. This presentation will focus on these various aspects of power and desalination integrated systems.

Jacques Andrianne

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "development trends depicted" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


381

Chapter 18 - Future Trends in the Gas Turbine Industry  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract The future of gas turbine systems design development and the gas turbine business is steered by several factors. Business and political factors are a far greater influence on technology than the average engineer feels comfortable acknowledging. The major change in the gas turbine and gas turbine systems industries over the past several years has been the changes in turbine fuels strategy. In the power generation and land-based turbine sector, coal has lost its number 1 place in the USA, due mostly to the advent of natural gas fracking exploration and production. Coal still remains number 1 in countries like China and much of Eastern Europe, because of those countries huge coal reserves. Oxy-fuel combustion potentially can be used in plants based on both conventional and advanced technology. Studies have shown that plants equipped with oxy-fuel systems could reach nominal efficiencies in the 30% range with todays steam turbines when fueled with natural gas and when capturing the CO2. With anticipated advances in gasification, oxygen separation, and steam turbine technology, plants using oxy-fuel systems are expected to achieve efficiencies in the mid-40% range, with near-100% CO2 capture and near-zero \\{NOx\\} emissions. I am enough of an artist to draw freely on my imagination. Imagination is more important that knowledge. Knowledge is limited. Imagination encircles. Albert Einstein

Claire Soares

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

382

DataTrends: Water Use Tracking | ENERGY STAR Buildings & Plants  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

DataTrends: Water Use Tracking DataTrends: Water Use Tracking Secondary menu About us Press room Contact Us Portfolio Manager Login Facility owners and managers Existing buildings Commercial new construction Industrial energy management Small business Service providers Service and product providers Verify applications for ENERGY STAR certification Design commercial buildings Energy efficiency program administrators Commercial and industrial program sponsors Associations State and local governments Federal agencies Tools and resources Training In This Section Campaigns Commercial building design Communications resources Energy management guidance Financial resources Portfolio Manager Products and purchasing Recognition Research and reports Service and product provider (SPP) resources Success stories Target Finder

383

Low frequency deep ocean ambient noise trend in the Northeast Pacific Ocean  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Concern about effects of anthropogenic noise on marine life has stimulated new studies to establish present-day oceannoise levels and compare them to noise levels from previous times. This paper reports on the trend in low-frequency (10400 Hz) ambient noise levels and presents measurements made using a calibrated multi-element volume array at deep ocean sites in the Northeast Pacific from 1978 to 1986. The experiments provided spectral noise levels as well as horizontal and vertical noise directionality. The data presented here provide evidence that the trend derived from 1960s data extended to around 1980 but has since continued at a lower rate.

N. Ross Chapman; Andrea Price

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

384

Sectoral trends in global energy use and greenhouse gasemissions  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In 2000, the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) published a new set of baseline greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions scenarios in the Special Report on Emissions Scenarios (SRES) (Nakicenovic et al., 2000). The SRES team defined four narrative storylines (A1, A2, B1 and B2) describing the relationships between the forces driving GHG and aerosol emissions and their evolution during the 21st century. The SRES reports emissions for each of these storylines by type of GHG and by fuel type to 2100 globally and for four world regions (OECD countries as of 1990, countries undergoing economic reform, developing countries in Asia, rest of world). Specific assumptions about the quantification of scenario drivers, such as population and economic growth, technological change, resource availability, land-use changes, and local and regional environmental policies, are also provided. End-use sector-level results for buildings, industry, or transportation or information regarding adoption of particular technologies and policies are not provided in the SRES. The goal of this report is to provide more detailed information on the SRES scenarios at the end use level including historical time series data and a decomposition of energy consumption to understand the forecast implications in terms of end use efficiency to 2030. This report focuses on the A1 (A1B) and B2 marker scenarios since they represent distinctly contrasting futures. The A1 storyline describes a future of very rapid economic growth, low population growth, and the rapid introduction of new and more efficient technologies. Major underlying themes are convergence among regions, capacity building, and increased cultural and social interactions, with a substantial reduction in regional differences in per capita income. The B2 storyline describes a world with an emphasis on economic, social, and environmental sustainability, especially at the local and regional levels. It is a world with moderate population growth, intermediate levels of economic development, and less rapid and more diverse technological change (Nakicenovic et al., 2000). Data were obtained from the SRES modeling teams that provide more detail than that reported in the SRES. For the A1 marker scenario, the modeling team provided final energy demand and carbon dioxide (CO{sub 2}) emissions by fuel for industry, buildings, and transportation for nine world regions. Final energy use and CO{sub 2} emissions for three sectors (industry, transport, buildings) for the four SRES world regions were provided for the B2 marker scenario. This report describes the results of a disaggregation of the SRES projected energy use and energy-related CO{sub 2} emissions for the industrial, transport, and buildings sectors for 10 world regions (see Appendix 1) to 2030. An example of further disaggregation of the two SRES scenarios for the residential buildings sector in China is provided, illustrating how such aggregate scenarios can be interpreted at the end use level.

Price, Lynn; de la Rue du Can, Stephane; Sinton, Jonathan; Worrell, Ernst; Zhou, Nan; Sathaye, Jayant; Levine, Mark

2006-07-24T23:59:59.000Z

385

Californias North Coast Fishing Communities Historical Perspective and Recent Trends: Crescent City Fishing Community Profile  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1998. Changing trends in seafood markets: The case of farmeddays. Pacific Choice Seafood, based in Portland Oregon,10 Crescent City Harbor Seafood Receiving, Processing and

Pomeroy, Caroline; Thomson, Cynthia J.; Stevens, Melissa M.

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

386

Californias North Coast Fishing Communities Historical Perspective and Recent Trends: Fort Bragg/Noyo Harbor Fishing Community Profile  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1998. Changing trends in seafood markets: The case of farmed11 Noyo Harbor Seafood Receiving, Processing andlocation and destination of seafood landed at Noyo Harbor

Pomeroy, Caroline; Thomson, Cynthia J.; Stevens, Melissa M.

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

387

Traffic Trends: Drivers and Measures of Cost-Effective and Energy-Efficient Technologies and Architectures for Backbone Optical Networks  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We examine trends and characteristics of the traffic, systems, and architectures of backbone optical networks to illustrate baselines, future requirements, and possible metrics to...

Korotky, Steven K

388

DOE Leadership & Career Development Programs | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Development » DOE Leadership & Career Development Programs Development » DOE Leadership & Career Development Programs DOE Leadership & Career Development Programs Senior Executive Service Candidate Development Program (SESCDP): This program consists of four Senior Executive Service Development Seminars designed to help position participants for selection into the SES. Each seminar reflects different key components of OPM's Executive Core Qualifications (ECQs). For more information please contact David Rosenmarkle Federal Executive Institute (FEI): At FEI, you will explore and build your knowledge and skills in personal leadership, transforming public organizations, the policy framework in which Government leadership occurs, and the broad global context of international trends and events that shape Government agendas. Since 1968,

389

EIA - Annual Energy Outlook 2008 (Early Release)- Energy Trends to 2030  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Trends to 2030 Trends to 2030 Annual Energy Outlook 2008 (Early Release) Energy Trends to 2030 In preparing projections for the Annual Energy Outlook 2008 (AEO2008), the Energy Information Administration (EIA) evaluated a wide range of trends and issues that could have major implications for U.S. energy markets between today and 2030.1 This overview focuses on one case, the reference case, which is presented and compared with the Annual Energy Outlook 2007 (AEO2007) reference case (see Table 1). Readers are encouraged to review the full range of alternative cases included in other sections of AEO2008. As in previous editions of the Annual Energy Outlook (AEO), the reference case assumes that current policies affecting the energy sector remain unchanged throughout the projection period. Some possible policy changes—notably, the adoption of policies to limit or reduce greenhouse gas emissions—could change the reference case projections significantly.2 EIA has examined many of the proposed greenhouse gas policies at the request of Congress; the reports are available on EIA’s web site.3

390

Current performance and future trends in health care sciences and services research  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Health care sciences and services research (HCSSR) has come to the fore in recent years and related research literature increased rapidly over the last few decades. The main purpose of this study is to describe the global progress and to determine the ... Keywords: Global research trends, Health care sciences and services research, Knowledge mapping, Scientometric, Web of Science

Qiang Yao, Peng-Hui Lyu, Lian-Ping Yang, Lan Yao, Zhi-Yong Liu

2014-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

391

Trend analysis from 1970 to 2008 and model evaluation of EDGARv4 global gridded  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Trend analysis from 1970 to 2008 and model evaluation of EDGARv4 global gridded anthropogenic.J. Olivier, Diego Guizzardi, Rob Maas and Frank Dentener *Reprinted from Science of the Total Environment Program on the Science and Policy of Global Change combines cutting-edge scientific research

392

Understanding the Business Rationale Behind the Trend Towards Environmentally Friendly Manufacturing Practices  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. Green Suppliers Network B. Solvents and Solutions, Inc. C. BAE Industries D. FlexForm Technologies E and production practices, popularly known as "going green." This trend will steadily increase as input costs rise existing organizations that have adopted green manufacturing practices in order to examine the business

Lewis, Robert Michael

393

Ten Years of Genetic Fuzzy Systems: Current Framework and New Trends O. Cordon, F. Herrera  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

algorithms GAs are general purpose search algorithms which use principles inspired by natural geneticsTen Years of Genetic Fuzzy Systems: Current Framework and New Trends O. Cord´on, F. Herrera Dept algorithms are search algorithms, based on natural genetics, that provide robust search capabilities in com

Hoffmann, Frank

394

PRESENT AND FUTURE OF HIGH PERFORMANCE COMPUTING Trends, Challenges, and Opportunities  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

PRESENT AND FUTURE OF HIGH PERFORMANCE COMPUTING Trends, Challenges, and Opportunities November 17 laboratories of the HPC facilities and resources. First, the EPFL high performance computing facilities of Modeling and Simulation through High Performance Computing. Leading research activities of various groups

Ceragioli, Francesca

395

Differences between near-surface equivalent temperature and temperature trends for the Eastern United States  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

University, Ft. Collins, CO, USA b NOAA/NESDIS, Camp Springs, Maryland, USA c USGS Earth Resources attention being given to the observed increase in near-surface air temperatures during the last century-averaged T trends are that T has increased by 0.3­0.6 °C over the past century (Hansen and Lebedeff, 1987; Jones

Pielke, Roger A.

396

Trends '91: A compendium of data on global change---highlights  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Carbon Dioxide Information Analysis Center (CDIAC) at Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL) has been prompted to produce the series Trends, a concise inventory of data in response to heightened concern about global environmental issues, in particular climate changes induced by the greenhouse effect. This report contains extracts from Trends '91 to illustrate the content, style, and presentation of data contained in the full 700-page report. This report includes a listing of the investigators contributing data for Trends '91. In addition, it contains the abstract, foreword, and acknowledgments, as well as the introduction and a sample data record from each of the reports's five chapters. The chapters are Atmospheric CO[sub 2],'' Atmospheric CH[sub 4],'' Other Trace Gases,'' CO[sub 2] Emissions,'' and Temperature.'' Appendix A provides information about CDIAC and its activities related to global environmental issues. Appendix B lists the contents of the full report. An order form for obtaining a free copy of Trends '91 is found in Appendix C.

Boden, T.A.; Sepanski, R.J.; Stoss, F.W. (eds.)

1992-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

397

Trends `91: A compendium of data on global change---highlights  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Carbon Dioxide Information Analysis Center (CDIAC) at Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL) has been prompted to produce the series Trends, a concise inventory of data in response to heightened concern about global environmental issues, in particular climate changes induced by the greenhouse effect. This report contains extracts from Trends `91 to illustrate the content, style, and presentation of data contained in the full 700-page report. This report includes a listing of the investigators contributing data for Trends `91. In addition, it contains the abstract, foreword, and acknowledgments, as well as the introduction and a sample data record from each of the reports`s five chapters. The chapters are ``Atmospheric CO{sub 2},`` ``Atmospheric CH{sub 4},`` ``Other Trace Gases,`` ``CO{sub 2} Emissions,`` and ``Temperature.`` Appendix A provides information about CDIAC and its activities related to global environmental issues. Appendix B lists the contents of the full report. An order form for obtaining a free copy of Trends `91 is found in Appendix C.

Boden, T.A.; Sepanski, R.J.; Stoss, F.W. [eds.

1992-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

398

An Assessment of Trends in the Extent of Swidden in Southeast Asia  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

An Assessment of Trends in the Extent of Swidden in Southeast Asia Dietrich Schmidt-Vogt & Stephen) Hum Ecol (2009) 37:269­280 DOI 10.1007/s10745-009-9239-0 D. Schmidt-Vogt School of Environment@ait.ac.th S. J. Leisz (*) Department of Anthropology, Colorado State University, Fort Collins 80523, USA e

Richner, Heinz

399

The SNL/MSU/DOE Fatigue of Composite Materials Database: Recent Trends  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 The SNL/MSU/DOE Fatigue of Composite Materials Database: Recent Trends Daniel D. Samborsky1 in three areas are described for wind blade materials in the SNL/MSU/DOE fatigue of composite materials failure, epoxy based blade adhesives and core materials. Comparisons of fiber dominated and resin

400

Stratospheric ozone depletion: a key driver of recent precipitation trends in South Eastern South America  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. In this paper we focus on South Eastern South America (SESA), a region that has exhibited one of the largest South America 1 Introduction The depletion of ozone in the polar Antarctic strato- sphere (i.e. `theStratospheric ozone depletion: a key driver of recent precipitation trends in South Eastern South

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "development trends depicted" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


401

Surface temperature trends in Russia over the past five centuries reconstructed from borehole temperatures  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Surface temperature trends in Russia over the past five centuries reconstructed from borehole in Russia and nearby areas to reconstruct the ground surface temperature history (GSTH) over the past five Siberia. We derive GSTHs for each region individually, and a composite ``all-Russia'' GSTH from the full

Smerdon, Jason E.

402

Nitrogen oxides emission trends in Monthly emission estimates of nitrogen oxides from space provide  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Chapter 5 Nitrogen oxides emission trends in East Asia Abstract Monthly emission estimates present first results of a new emission estimation algorithm, specifically designed to use daily satellite observations of column concentrations for fast updates of emission estimates of short-lived atmospheric

Haak, Hein

403

The Living Planet Index: using species population time series to track trends in biodiversity  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The Living Planet Index: using species population time series to track trends in biodiversity of the world's biodiversity over time. It uses time-series data to calculate average rates of change in a large number of populations of terrestrial, freshwater and marine vertebrate species. The dataset contains

Vermont, University of

404

Inorganic geochemistry of Devonian shales in southern West Virginia: geographic and stratigraphic trends  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Samples of cuttings from twenty-one wells and a core from a single well in southern West Virginia were analyzed for major and minor elements: silicon, aluminum, iron, magnesium, calcium, sodium, titanium, phosphorus, manganese, sulfur, zinc, and strontium. Stratigraphic and geographic controls on elemental abundances were studied through canonical correlations, factor analyses, and trend surface analyses. The most abundant elements, silicon and aluminum, show gradual trends through the stratigraphic column of most wells, with silicon increasing and aluminum decreasing up-section. Other elements such as calcium, sulfur, and titanium change abruptly in abundance at certain stratigraphic boundaries. Important geographic trends run east-west: for instance, one can see an increase in sulfur and a decrease in titanium to the west; and a decrease in silicon from the east to the central part of the study area, then an increase further west. Although observed vertical trends in detrital minerals and geographic patterns in elemental abundances agree with the accepted view of a prograding delta complex during Late Devonian time, geographically-local, time restricted depositional processes influenced elemental percentages in subsets of the wells and the stratigraphic intervals studied. The black shales of lower Huron age do not represent simply a return of depositional conditions present in the earlier Rhinestreet time; nor do the gray shales of the Ohio Shale represent the same environmental conditions as the Big White Slate.

Hohn, M.E.; Neal, D.W.; Renton, J.J.

1980-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

405

Interaction of Scaling Trends in Processor Architecture and Cooling Wei Huang1,4  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, Sudhanva Gurumurthi1 , Robert J. Ribando3 , and Kevin Skadron1 1 Department of Computer Science, University, Charlottesville, VA 3 Department of Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering, University of Virginia, Charlottesville and manycore architecture scaling trends in conjunction with conventional air cooling and advanced microchannel

Gurumurthi, Sudhanva

406

TRENDS IN DIRECT NORMAL SOLAR IRRADIANCE IN OREGON FROM 1979-2003 Laura Riihimaki  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. A better understanding of the regional climate models can be achieved by utilizing long- term solarTRENDS IN DIRECT NORMAL SOLAR IRRADIANCE IN OREGON FROM 1979-2003 Laura Riihimaki Frank Vignola To better understand the characteristics of the region's solar resource, a preliminary study was undertaken

Oregon, University of

407

Trends in Spatial Data Shashi Shekhar , Pusheng Zhang , Yan Huang , Ranga  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Chapter 3 Trends in Spatial Data Mining Shashi Shekhar #3; , Pusheng Zhang #3; , Yan Huang #3-192, 200 Union ST SE, Minneapolis, MN 55455 Abstract: Spatial data mining is the process of discovering patterns from traditional numeric and categorical data due to the complexity of spatial data types, spatial

Shekhar, Shashi

408

Survival on the ark: life-history trends in captive parrots A. M. Young1  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

demonstrate the value of the ISIS database to estimate life-history data for an at-risk taxonSurvival on the ark: life-history trends in captive parrots A. M. Young1 , E. A. Hobson1 , L 2 International Species Information System, Eagan, MN, USA Keywords captive breeding; ISIS; life-history

Wright, Timothy F.

409

The Impacts of Wind Speed Trends and Long-term Variability in Relation to Hydroelectric  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The Impacts of Wind Speed Trends and Long- term Variability in Relation to Hydroelectric Reservoir and Long-term Variability in Relation to Hydroelectric Reservoir Inflows on Wind Power in the Pacific through diversification. In hydroelectric dominated systems, like the PNW, the benefits of wind power can

Kohfeld, Karen

410

Design and Optimization of Future Aircraft for Assessing the Fuel Burn Trends of Commercial  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

aircraft R1 Maximum payload at maximum range SFC Engine specific fuel consumption Sref Reference area STADesign and Optimization of Future Aircraft for Assessing the Fuel Burn Trends of Commercial Francisco, CA 94104, U.S.A. Accurately predicting the fuel burn performance and CO2 emissions of future

Alonso, Juan J.

411

Historical trends of metal pollution recorded in the sediments of the Culiacan River Estuary, Northwestern Mexico  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Historical trends of metal pollution recorded in the sediments of the Culiacan River Estuary indicated a slight pollution by all the trace metals examined, although levels of enrichment for Ni and Pb) is strongly recommended. # 2002 Elsevier Science Ltd. All rights reserved. 1. Introduction Heavy metals

Long, Bernard

412

Testing for Trend in North Atlantic Hurricane Activity, 190098  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The detection of a trend in hurricane activity in the North Atlantic basin has been restricted by the incompleteness of the record prior to 1946. In an earlier paper, the complete record of U.S. landfalling hurricanes was used to extend the ...

Andrew R. Solow; Laura J. Moore

2002-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

413

Ris Energy Report 4 International trends and scenarios for future energy systems Introduction  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Risø Energy Report 4 International trends and scenarios for future energy systems 3 Introduction In evaluations of long term energy forecasts made in the past the conclusion often is that a large number on internationally recognised scientific material". One key observation in a recent evaluation of long term energy

414

Genetic Variation among Major Human Geographic Groups Supports a Peculiar Evolutionary Trend in PAX9  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of genetics is to understand how heritable information encoded in the genome determines the phenotypeGenetic Variation among Major Human Geographic Groups Supports a Peculiar Evolutionary Trend in PAX, respectively) and integrated with the information available for the same genetic region from individuals

Boyer, Edmond

415

Monitoring trends in civil engineering and their effect on indoor radon  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......Against Radon at Home and at Work Monitoring...discussed. The effect of energy-efficient construction...high radon levels in energy-efficient new houses...level of 26 % in average. Among the various...for such trends are energy-efficient construction...the overall energy consumption. New building concepts......

W. Ringer

2014-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

416

White Pine Emission Trends of Monoterpenes and Sesquiterpenes After Acute Ozone Exposure  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

White Pine Emission Trends of Monoterpenes and Sesquiterpenes After Acute Ozone Exposure Daniel M of White Pine (Pinus strobus) specimens located at the University of Michigan Biological Station (UMBS). To measure terpene production, dynamic branch enclosures were simultaneously positioned on White Pine

Collins, Gary S.

417

Meteorologically driven trends in sea level rise Alexander S. Kolker1  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Meteorologically driven trends in sea level rise Alexander S. Kolker1 and Sultan Hameed2 Received] Determining the rate of global sea level rise (GSLR) during the past century is critical to understanding a suite of coastal oceanographic processes. These findings reduce variability in regional sea level rise

Hameed, Sultan

418

Towards a Service-Oriented Energy Market: Current state and trend  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Towards a Service-Oriented Energy Market: Current state and trend Giuliano Andrea Pagani and Marco, The Netherlands {g.a.pagani,m.aiello}@rug.nl Abstract. The energy sector, which has traditionally been to produce, deal and transport energy, and energy consumers are now in the position to also produce and trade

Aiello, Marco

419

An overview of atmospheric deposition chemistry over the Alps: present status and long-term trends  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of the major chemical variables in response to changes in the atmospheric emission of pollutants; (iii) discussAn overview of atmospheric deposition chemistry over the Alps: present status and long-term trends, Switzerland 3 Department of Hydrobiology Applied to Water Pollution, CNR Water Research Institute, 20047

Mailhes, Corinne

420

Trends in elasticity and electronic structure of transition-metal nitrides and carbides from first principles  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Trends in elasticity and electronic structure of transition-metal nitrides and carbides from first 2005 The elastic properties of selected transition-metal TM nitrides and carbides in B1 structure the transition-metal nitrides and carbides remain unclear and a challenge for engineering hard materials

Wu, Zhigang

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "development trends depicted" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


421

Homogeneity of precipitation series in the Netherlands and their trends in the past century  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 Homogeneity of precipitation series in the Netherlands and their trends in the past century T. A. Buishand, G. De Martino, J.N. Spreeuw and T. Brandsma Royal Netherlands Meteorological Institute (KNMI), De Bilt, The Netherlands ABSTRACT: The historical daily precipitation observations for the Netherlands

Brandsma, Theo

422

Wetlands Status and Trends for Coastal Wetlands P. Chow-Fraser  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Wetlands Status and Trends ­ for Coastal Wetlands P. Chow-Fraser Background Coastal wetlands as wetlands that occur within 2 km of the 1:100 year floodline of the Great Lake/channel shoreline, and include all four wetland types identified in the Ontario Wetland Evaluation System. An estimate of current

McMaster University

423

A Wavelet Theory -Based Adaptive Trend Analysis System for Process Monitoring and Diagnosis  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A Wavelet Theory - Based Adaptive Trend Analysis System for Process Monitoring and Diagnosis Hiranmayee Vedam Venkat Venkatasubramanian* Laboratory for Intelligent Process Systems School of Chemical-ASTRA performs process monitoring and diagnosis. The main contributions of this paper are two fold. A wavelet

Venkatasubramanian, Venkat

424

TRENDS in Ecology & Evolution Vol.16 No.7 July 2001 http://tree.trends.com 01695347/01/$ see front matter 2001 Elsevier Science Ltd. All rights reserved. PII: S0169-5347(01)02198-X  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

TRENDS in Ecology & Evolution Vol.16 No.7 July 2001 http://tree.trends.com 0169­5347/01/$ ­ see, Vancouver, BC, Canada V6T 1Z4. e-mail: schluter@zoology.ubc.ca ECOLOGICAL SPECIATION (see Glossary) occurs leads directly or indirectly to the evolution of REPRODUCTIVE ISOLATION. The concept of ecological

Pfrender, Michael

425

TRENDS in Ecology & Evolution Vol.17 No.9 September 2002 http://tree.trends.com 0169-5347/02/$ see front matter 2002 Elsevier Science Ltd. All rights reserved. PII: S0169-5347(02)02571-5  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

TRENDS in Ecology & Evolution Vol.17 No.9 September 2002 http://tree.trends.com 0169, in some cases, identify candidate genes underlying ecologically relevant traits, providing creative new tools with which to address ecological questions. Areas of inquiry that are historically ecological

Lynch, Michael

426

Analysis of major trends in U.S. commercial trucking, 1977-2002.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This report focuses on various major long-range (1977-2002) and intermediate-range (1982-2002) U.S. commercial trucking trends. The primary sources of data for this period were the U.S. Bureau of the Census Vehicle Inventory and Use Survey and Truck Inventory and Use Survey. In addition, selected 1977-2002 data from the U.S. Department of Energy/Energy Information Administration and from the U.S. Department of Transportation/Federal Highway Administration's Highway Statistics were used. The report analyzes (1) overall gasoline and diesel fuel consumption patterns by passenger vehicles and trucks and (2) the population changes and fuels used by all commercial truck classes by selected truck type (single unit or combination), during specified time periods, with cargo-hauling commercial trucks given special emphasis. It also assesses trends in selected vehicle miles traveled, gallons per vehicle miles traveled, and gallons per cargo ton-mile traveled, as well as the effect of cargo tons per truck on fuel consumption. In addition, the report examines long-range trends for related factors (e.g., long-haul mileages driven by heavy trucks) and their impacts on reducing fuel consumption per cargo-ton-mile and the relative shares of total commercial fuel use among truck classes. It identifies the effects of these trends on U.S. petroleum consumption. The report also discusses basic engineering design and performance, national legislation on interstate highway construction, national demographic trends (e.g., suburbanization), and changes in U.S. corporate operations requirements, and it highlights their impacts on both the long-distance hauling and shorter-distance urban and suburban delivery markets of the commercial trucking industry.

Bertram, K. M.; Santini, D .J.; Vyas, A. D.

2009-06-10T23:59:59.000Z

427

China's Industrial Energy Consumption Trends and Impacts of the Top-1000  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

China's Industrial Energy Consumption Trends and Impacts of the Top-1000 China's Industrial Energy Consumption Trends and Impacts of the Top-1000 Enterprises Energy-Saving Program and the Ten Key Energy-Saving Projects Title China's Industrial Energy Consumption Trends and Impacts of the Top-1000 Enterprises Energy-Saving Program and the Ten Key Energy-Saving Projects Publication Type Journal Year of Publication 2012 Authors Ke, Jing, Lynn K. Price, Stephanie Ohshita, David Fridley, Nina Zheng Khanna, Nan Zhou, and Mark D. Levine Keywords energy saving, energy trends, industrial energy efficiency, top-1000 Abstract This study analyzes China's industrial energy consumption trends from 1996 to 2010 with a focus on the impact of the Top-1000 Enterprises Energy-Saving Program and the Ten Key Energy-Saving Projects. From 1996 to 2010, China's industrial energy consumption increased by 134%, even as the industrial economic energy intensity decreased by 46%. Decomposition analysis shows that the production effect was the dominant cause of the rapid growth in industrial energy consumption, while the efficiency effect was the major factor slowing the growth of industrial energy consumption. The structural effect had a relatively small and fluctuating influence. Analysis shows the strong association of industrial energy consumption with the growth of China's economy and changing energy policies. An assessment of the Top-1000 Enterprises Energy-Saving Program and the Ten Key Energy-Saving Projects indicates that the economic energy intensity of major energy-intensive industrial sub-sectors, as well as the physical energy intensity of major energy-intensive industrial products, decreased significantly during China's 11th Five Year Plan (FYP) period (2006-2010). This study also shows the importance and challenge of realizing structural change toward less energy-intensive activities in China during the 12th FYP period (2011-2015).

428

Regional Review on Status and Trends in Aquaculture Development in North America: Canada and the United States of America 2010  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

provinces of Ontario and Quebec. Five Canadian provincesCanada (Ontario and Quebec) and the Prairie provinces (Columbia (22 percent) and Quebec (2 percent). Annual

Olin, Paul G.; Smith, James; Nabi, Rashed

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

429

Regional Review on Status and Trends in Aquaculture Development in North America: Canada and the United States of America 2010  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

aquaculture by U.S. seafood opinion leader. Montreal,to increase the value of the seafood industry in the UnitedAquaculture employment Seafood consumption Salient issues

Olin, Paul G.; Smith, James; Nabi, Rashed

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

430

From Vinylidene Fluoride (VDF) to the Applications of VDF-containing Copolymers: Recent Developments and Future Trends  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

)polymerization, Kinetics, Elastomers, fuel cell membranes, cure site monomers. Dedicated to Professor Bernard Boutevin(VDF-co-hexafluoropropylene) Copolymers 3.2.3.1. History and Characteristics of poly(VDF-co-HFP) Copolymers 3.2.3.2 Properties

Boyer, Edmond

431

A patent quality analysis for innovative technology and product development  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Enterprises evaluate intellectual property rights and the quality of patent documents in order to develop innovative products and discover state-of-the-art technology trends. The product technologies covered by patent claims are protected by law, and ... Keywords: Back-propagation neural network, Patent indicator, Patent quality, Principal component analysis

Amy J. C. Trappey; Charles V. Trappey; Chun-Yi Wu; Chi-Wei Lin

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

432

Industrial Energy Use and Energy Efficiency in Developing Countries  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The industrial sector accounts for over 50% of energy used in developing countries. Growth in this sector has been over 4.5% per year since 1980. Energy intensity trends for four energy-intensive sub-sectors (iron and steel, chemicals, building...

Price, L.; Martin, N.; Levine, M. D.; Worrell, E.

433

Developments in U.S. Alternative Fuel Markets  

Reports and Publications (EIA)

The alternative fueled vehicle (AFV)/alternative fuels industry experienced a number of market-related changes in the second half of the 1990s. This article describes each of the alternative transportation fuels and the AFVs in detail. It provides information on the development to date and looks at trends likely to occur in the future.

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

434

Evidence of trends in near-surface wind speeds over the Baltic S.C. Pryor1,2  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 Evidence of trends in near-surface wind speeds over the Baltic S.C. Pryor1,2 , R.J. Barthelmie2 and Atmospheric Physics, Risoe National Laboratory, DK4000 Roskilde, Denmark ABSTRACT Annual mean wind speeds over associated with increases in the upper quartile of the wind speed distribution and the winter season. Trends

435

Development of a 1D transient electrorefiner model for pyroprocess simulation  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Development of an efficient 1-dimensional computer code to model mass transport and separation in electrorefining, a key component process of pyroprocessing, is described in this paper. A variety of phenomena occurring in electrochemical devices is reviewed along with examination of existing computer models to provide basis for new model development. Key processes and phenomena of importance were selected based on describing rate-limiting steps and separation efficiency of electrorefining. The developed model, named ERAD, describes time-dependent behavior of multi-component electrochemical systems with the capability of depicting anodic dissolution of spent nuclear fuel, non-hydrodynamic mass transport effects in the electrolyte, and cathodic deposition of materials. Utilization of the model is demonstrated through comparison with existing experimental data. For the purpose of model validation, model predictions are also compared with cyclic voltammetry and other experimental data.

Riley M. Cumberland; Man-Sung Yim

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

436

SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Report on SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT 2 0 1 1 ­ 2 0 1 2 ISCN-GULF Charter Report #12;3 1. FACILITIES with projects of our University's Cell for Sustainable Development; it also presents evidence for steady alike. THIS REPORT This is the second report on sustainable development at the University of Luxembourg

van der Torre, Leon

437

SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT ... Say the words "sustainable development" in most chemical industry offices and you are likely to observe a response of glazed eyes, furrowed brows, and inattentive expressions. ... "You are not going to find an extensive understanding and a thorough discourse about sustainable development taking place in a lot of companies." ...

PAIGE MARIE MORSE

1998-08-03T23:59:59.000Z

438

TRENDS: TEMPERATURE  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Historical Isotopic Temperature Record from the Vostok Ice Core Historical Isotopic Temperature Record from the Vostok Ice Core Graphics Digital Data J.R. Petit, D. Raynaud, and C. Lorius Laboratoire de Glaciogie et Géophysique de l'Environnement, CNRS, Saint Martin d'Hères Cedex, France J. Jouzel and G. Delaygue Laboratoire des Sciences du Climat et de l'Environnement (LSCE), CEA/CNRS, L'Orme des Merisiers, CEA Saclay, 91191 Gif-sur-Yvette Cedex, France N.I. Barkov Arctic and Antarctic Research Institute, Beringa Street 38, 199397 St. Petersburg, Russia V.M. Kotlyakov Institute of Geography, Staromonetny, per 29, Moscow 109017, Russia DOI: 10.3334/CDIAC/cli.006 Period of Record 420,000 years BP-present Methods Because isotopic fractions of the heavier oxygen-18 (18O) and deuterium (D) in snowfall are temperature-dependent and a strong spatial correlation

439

Advanced reservoir characterization and evaluation of CO2 gravity drainage in the naturally fractured Spraberry Trend Area. Annual report, September 1, 1996--August 31, 1997  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The objective of the Spraberry CO{sub 2} pilot project is to determine the technical and economic feasibility of continuous CO{sub 2} injection in the naturally fractured reservoirs of the Spraberry Trend. In order to describe, understand, and model CO{sub 2} flooding in the naturally fractured Spraberry reservoirs, characterization of the fracture system is a must. Additional reservoir characterization was based on horizontal coring in the second year of the project. In addition to characterization of natural fractures, horizontal coring has confirmed a previously developed rock model for describing the Spraberry Trend shaly sands. A better method for identifying Spraberry pay zones has been verified. The authors have completed the reservoir characterization, which includes matrix description and detection (from core-log integration) and fracture characterization. This information is found in Section 1. The authors have completed extensive imbibition experiments that strongly indicate that the weakly water-wet behavior of the reservoir rock may be responsible for poor waterflood response observed in many Spraberry fields. The authors have also made significant progress in analytical and numerical simulation of performance in Spraberry reservoirs as seen in Section 3. They have completed several suites of CO{sub 2} gravity drainage in Spraberry and Berea whole cores at reservoir conditions and reported in Section 4. The results of these experiments have been useful in developing a model for free-fall gravity drainage and have validated the premise that CO{sub 2} will recover oil from tight, unconfined Spraberry matrix.

McDonald, P.

1998-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

440

CO2 EMISSION CALCULATIONS AND TRENDS Thomas A. Boden and Gregg Marland  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

EMISSION CALCULATIONS AND TRENDS EMISSION CALCULATIONS AND TRENDS Thomas A. Boden and Gregg Marland Environmental Sciences Division Oak Ridge National Laboratory Oak Ridge, Tennessee 37830-6335 Robert J. Andres Institute of Northern Engineering School of Engineering University of Alaska-Fairbanks Fairbanks, Alaska 99775-5900 ABSTRACT FEB 05 ZS3 OSTI The submitted manuscript has been authored by a contractor of the U.S. Government under contract No. DE- ACO5-840R21400. Accordingly, the U.S. Government retains a nonexclusive, royalty-free license to publish or reproduce the published form of this contribution, or allow others to do so. for U.S. Government purposes." This paper describes the compilation, calculation, and availability of the most comprehensive CO2 emissions database currently available. The database offers global, regional, and national annual

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "development trends depicted" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


441

NUG 2013 User Day: Trends and Innovation in High Performance Computing  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Home » For Users » NERSC Users Group » Annual Meetings » NUG 2013 » Home » For Users » NERSC Users Group » Annual Meetings » NUG 2013 » User Day NUG 2013 User Day: Trends, Discovery, and Innovation in High Performance Computing Wednesday, Feb. 13 Berkeley Lab Building 50 Auditorium Live streaming: http://hosting.epresence.tv/LBL/1.aspx 8:45 - Welcome: Kathy Yelick, Berkeley Lab Associate Director for Computing Sciences Trends 9:00 - The Future of High Performance Scientific Computing, Kathy Yelick, Berkeley Lab Associate Director for Computing Sciences 9:45 - NERSC Today and over the Next Ten Years, Sudip Dosanjh, NERSC Director 10:30 - The 2013 NERSC Achievement Awards 10:45 - Break Discovery 11:00 - Discovery of the Higgs Boson and the role of LBNL and World-Wide Computing , Ian Hinchliffe, Berkeley Lab 11:30 - Discovery of the θ13 Weak Mixing Angle at Daya Bay using NERSC &

442

The California Solar Initiative: Cost Trends in Customer-Sited PV  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

The California Solar Initiative: Cost Trends in Customer-Sited PV The California Solar Initiative: Cost Trends in Customer-Sited PV Installations and the Impact of Retail Rate Design on the Economics of PV Systems Speaker(s): Ryan Wiser Date: January 9, 2007 - 12:00pm Location: 90-3122 Seminar Host/Point of Contact: Anita Estner California's new solar initiative will dedicate over $3 billion of public funds to support the installation of customer-sited solar installations in the state over the next 10 years, principally in the form of residential and commercial photovoltaic (PV) systems. These efforts build from historical programs that have made California the third largest PV market in the world, behind Germany and Japan. This talk will summarize recent efforts at Berkeley Lab to advise the state's energy agencies in the design

443

Demand Response in the U.S. - Key trends and federal facility participation  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

in the U.S. in the U.S. Key trends and federal facility participation Phil Coleman Lawrence Berkeley National Lab FUPWG Williamsburg Meeting November 19, 2008 OUTLINE * Demand response defined * Current status in U.S. * Key trends - Increasing opportunities in "economic" DR - Rise of DR in "capacity" markets - Rise of dynamic pricing - Rise of automated DR ("auto-DR") * Federal participation is small - why? * Ramping up federal participation Demand Response * Def.: A short-term decrease in electrical consumption by end-use customers due to either a) increased electricity prices, or b) incentive payments (triggered by high wholesale market prices or compromised grid reliability). * DR participation can be either through load curtailment (short-term

444

Changing Trends in the Bulk Chemicals and Pulp and Paper Industries (released in AEO2005)  

Reports and Publications (EIA)

Compared with the experience of the 1990s, rising energy prices in recent years have led to questions about expectations of growth in industrial output, particularly in energy-intensive industries. Given the higher price trends, a review of expected growth trends in selected industries was undertaken as part of the production of Annual Energy Outlook 2005 (AEO). In addition, projections for the industrial value of shipments, which were based on the Standard Industrial Classification (SIC) system in AEO2004, are based on the North American Industry Classification System (NAICS) in AEO2005. The change in industrial classification leads to lower historical growth rates for many industrial sectors. The impacts of these two changes are highlighted in this section for two of the largest energy-consuming industries in the U.S. industrial sector-bulk chemicals and pulp and paper.

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

445

Trends in situational norms and attitudes toward drinking among whites, blacks, and hispanics: 19841995  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The purpose of this study was to explore trends in situational norms and attitudes toward drinking and to assess the associations of norms and attitudes with current drinking and frequent heavy drinking patterns among whites, blacks, and hispanics between 1984 and 1995. Data were obtained from two nationwide probability samples of US households. Results indicated that there were no broad trends in situational norms and attitudes toward drinking between 1984 and 1995 among whites, blacks, and hispanics in the US. The variations in norms and attitudes detected between 1984 and 1995 were ethnic and gender-specific. For all of the groups studied, situational norms and attitudes were highly predictive of both current drinking and frequent heavy drinking patterns.

Raul Caetano; Catherine L Clark

1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

446

Photovoltaic System Pricing Trends: Historical, Recent, and Near-Term Projections. 2014 Edition (Presentation)  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This presentation, based on research at Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory and the National Renewable Energy Laboratory, provides a high-level overview of historical, recent, and projected near-term PV pricing trends in the United States focusing on the installed price of PV systems. It also attempts to provide clarity surrounding the wide variety of potentially conflicting data available about PV system prices. This PowerPoint is the third edition from this series.

Feldman, D.; Barbose, G.; Margolis, R.; James, T.; Weaver, S.; Darghouth, N.; Fu, R.; Davidson, C.; Booth, S.; Wiser, R.

2014-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

447

EIA - AEO2010 - World oil prices and production trends in AEO2010  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

World oil prices and production trends in AEO2010 World oil prices and production trends in AEO2010 Annual Energy Outlook 2010 with Projections to 2035 World oil prices and production trends in AEO2010 In AEO2010, the price of light, low-sulfur (or “sweet”) crude oil delivered at Cushing, Oklahoma, is tracked to represent movements in world oil prices. EIA makes projections of future supply and demand for “total liquids,” which includes conventional petroleum liquids—such as conventional crude oil, natural gas plant liquids, and refinery gain—in addition to unconventional liquids, which include biofuels, bitumen, coal-to-liquids (CTL), gas-to-liquids (GTL), extra-heavy oils, and shale oil. World oil prices can be influenced by a multitude of factors. Some tend to be short term, such as movements in exchange rates, financial markets, and weather, and some are longer term, such as expectations concerning future demand and production decisions by the Organization of the Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC). In 2009, the interaction of market factors led prompt month contracts (contracts for the nearest traded month) for crude oil to rise relatively steadily from a January average of $41.68 per barrel to a December average of $74.47 per barrel [38].

448

TrendSetter Solar Products Inc aka Trendsetter Industries formerly Six  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

TrendSetter Solar Products Inc aka Trendsetter Industries formerly Six TrendSetter Solar Products Inc aka Trendsetter Industries formerly Six River Solar Jump to: navigation, search Name TrendSetter Solar Products Inc (aka Trendsetter Industries, formerly Six River Solar) Place Fairhaven, California Zip 95564 Sector Solar Product Manufacturer of solar hot water heating and storage systems. Coordinates 41.63548°, -70.903856° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":41.63548,"lon":-70.903856,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

449

Analysis of the Past and Future Trends of Energy Use in Key Medium- and  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

the Past and Future Trends of Energy Use in Key Medium- and the Past and Future Trends of Energy Use in Key Medium- and Large-Sized Chinese Steel Enterprises, 2000-2030 Title Analysis of the Past and Future Trends of Energy Use in Key Medium- and Large-Sized Chinese Steel Enterprises, 2000-2030 Publication Type Report LBNL Report Number LBNL-6380E Year of Publication 2013 Authors Hasanbeigi, Ali, Zeyi Jiang, and Lynn K. Price Date Published 09/2013 Publisher Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory Keywords china, decomposition, iron and steel industry, Low Emission & Efficient Industry Abstract The iron and steel industry is one of the most energy-intensive and polluting industries in China. This industry accounted for approximately 27% of China's primary energy use for the manufacturing industry in 2010. Also, China's steel production represented around 47% of the world steel production that year. Hence, reducing energy use and air pollutant emissions from the Chinese steel industry not only has significant implications for China but also for the entire world. For this reason, it is crucial and it is the aim of this study to analyze influential factors that affected the energy use of the steel industry in the past in order to try to quantify the likely effect of those factors in the future.

450

EMERGING TRENDS IN A PERIOD-RADIUS DISTRIBUTION OF CLOSE-IN PLANETS  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We analyze the distribution of extrasolar planets (both confirmed and Kepler candidates) according to their orbital periods P and planetary radii R. Among confirmed planets, we find compelling evidence for a paucity of bodies with 3 R {sub Circled-Plus} < R < 10 R {sub Circled-Plus }, where R {sub Circled-Plus} is Earth's radius and P < 2-3 days. We have christened this region a sub-Jovian Pampas. The same trend is detected in multiplanet Kepler candidates. Although approximately 16 Kepler single-planet candidates inhabit this Pampas, at least 7 are probable false positives (FPs). This last number could be significantly higher if the ratio of FPs is higher than 10%, as suggested by recent studies. In a second part of the paper we analyze the distribution of planets in the (P, R) plane according to stellar metallicities. We find two interesting trends: (1) a lack of small planets (R < 4 R {sub Circled-Plus }) with orbital periods P < 5 days in metal-poor stars and (2) a paucity of sub-Jovian planets (4 R {sub Circled-Plus} < R < 8 R {sub Circled-Plus }) with P < 100 days, also around metal-poor stars. Although all these trends are preliminary, they appear statistically significant and deserve further scrutiny. If confirmed, they could represent important constraints on theories of planetary formation and dynamical evolution.

Beauge, C. [Instituto de Astronomia Teorica y Experimental (IATE), Observatorio Astronomico, Universidad Nacional de Cordoba, Laprida 854, X5000BGR Cordoba (Argentina)] [Instituto de Astronomia Teorica y Experimental (IATE), Observatorio Astronomico, Universidad Nacional de Cordoba, Laprida 854, X5000BGR Cordoba (Argentina); Nesvorny, D. [Department of Space Studies, Southwest Research Institute, 1050 Walnut Street, Suite 300, Boulder, CO 80302 (United States)] [Department of Space Studies, Southwest Research Institute, 1050 Walnut Street, Suite 300, Boulder, CO 80302 (United States)

2013-01-20T23:59:59.000Z

451

A systematic regional trend in helium isotopes across the northernbasin and range province, Western North America  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

An extensive study of helium isotopes in fluids collectedfrom surface springs, fumaroles and wells across the northern Basin andRange Province reveals a systematic trend of decreasing 3He/4He ratiosfrom west to east. The western margin of the Basin and Range ischaracterized by mantle-like ratios (6-8 Ra) associated with active orrecently active crustal magma systems (e.g., Coso, Long Valley,Steamboat, and the Cascade volcanic complex). Moving towards the east,the ratios decline systematically to a background value of ~;0.1 Ra. Theregional trend is consistent with extensive mantle melting concentratedalong the western margin and is coincident with an east-to-west increasein the magnitude of northwest strain. The increase in shear strainenhances crustal permeability resulting in high vertical fluid flow ratesthat preserve the high helium isotope ratios at the surface. Superimposedon the regional trend are "helium spikes," local anomalies in the heliumisotope composition. These "spikes" reflect either local zones of mantlemelting or locally enhanced crustal permeability. In the case of theDixie Valley hydrothermal system, it appears to be a combination ofboth.

Kennedy, B. Mack; van Soest, Matthijs C.

2006-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

452

Quality function development: a new paradigm for involving customers in product development process  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The success of new products is determined particularly by the extent to which the producer succeeds in developing products that meet consumer demands. This implies that product development has to be fast in order to incorporate the latest trends in the product. Over the last few years an impressive body of research has accumulated on the topic of product development and the purpose of this article is to synthesise and to assess our understanding of involving users in the development process. In this paper, an attempt is made not only to analyse existing models of product development but also introduces an integrated concept and methodology to address these issues. The paper is composed of product development background, related literature review and list of steps for model development. The concepts presented in this paper are not yet widely practiced. Nevertheless, this work integrates several theories and practices into a useful framework.

J.R. Sharma; A.M. Rawani

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

453

Program Development  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This presentation covers how to go about developing a human reliability program. In particular, it touches on conceptual thinking, raising awareness in an organization, the actions that go into developing a plan. It emphasizes evaluating all positions, eliminating positions from the pool due to mitigating factors, and keeping the process transparent. It lists components of the process and objectives in process development. It also touches on the role of leadership and the necessity for audit.

Atencio, Julian J.

2014-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

454

Economic Development  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

to fulfill federal contracting requirements and begin 8A certification process Sunbeam Indian Art: 3,400 to develop website capabilities to increase online sales Than Povi:...

455

Coal Export Financing: methods and trends (from the series Market Guides for Steam-Coal Exports from Appalachia). Report for January 1982-December 1983  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The new 1984 version of Coal Export Financing is published as a joint effort of the ARC and the U.S. Department of Commerce. It was updated to include information on new trends and developments that have occurred since late 1982 in coal-export financing as a result of the intense price competition from other coal-exporting nations. This includes new information on developments under the Export Trading Company Act of 1982, reverse investments, and barter/countertrade. Information previously provided on political and commercial risk insurance and on governmental assistance has been expanded to reflect the increasing importance of these areas. Any information on banks providing coal-export financing services has been updated, as well as expanded to encompass the entire United States, rather than just the Appalachian region.

Not Available

1984-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

456

For Developers  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Developers Developers Services Overview ECS Audio/Video Conferencing Fasterdata IPv6 Network Network Performance Tools (perfSONAR) ESnet OID Registry PGP Key Service Virtual Circuits (OSCARS) OSCARS Case Study Documentation User Manual FAQ Design Specifications Functional Specifications Notifications Publications Authorization Policy Default Attributes Message Security Clients For Developers DCN/OSCARS Implementation (Aug 2007) AAA BSS Pathfinder Topology Path realization Dojo development Interfaces Links Hardware Requirements DOE Grids Service Transition Contact Us Technical Assistance: 1 800-33-ESnet (Inside the US) 1 800-333-7638 (Inside the US) 1 510-486-7600 (Globally) 1 510-486-7607 (Globally) Report Network Problems: trouble@es.net Provide Web Site Feedback: info@es.net For Developers DCN/OSCARS Implementation (Aug 2007)

457

RUSSIAN JOURNAL OF EARTH SCIENCES, VOL. 11, ES4004, doi:10.2205/2010ES000437, 2010 Tropospheric NO2 trend over St. Petersburg (Russia)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

trend over St. Petersburg (Russia) as measured from space D. V. Ionov1 Received 23 March 2010; accepted possible trend over the city of St. Petersburg in Russia. The time series of the monthly NO2 columns; tropospheric pollution. Citation: Ionov, D. V. (2010), Tropospheric NO2 trend over St. Petersburg (Russia

458

IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON NUCLEAR SCIENCE, VOL. 54, NO. 6, DECEMBER 2007 2363 Soft Error Trends and New Physical Model for  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. D. Yoder, Senior Member, IEEE, and Muhammad Ashraful Alam, Fellow, IEEE Abstract--We model the soft of today's processors and this trend is expected to reach to 90% by year 2011 [1], [2]. Although SRAM

Alam, Muhammad A.

459

Daily prediction of short-term trends of crude oil prices using neural networks exploiting multimarket dynamics  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This paper documents a systematic investigation on the predictability of short-term trends of crude oil prices on a daily basis. In stark contrast with longer-term predictions of crude oil prices, short-term pred...

Heping Pan; Imad Haidar; Siddhivinayak Kulkarni

2009-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

460

Current Trends and Future Challenges in the Freight Railroad Industry: Balancing Private Industry Interests and the Public Welfare  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

? ? Current?Trends?and?Future?Challenges?in? the?Freight?Railroad?Industry Balancing?Private?Industry?Interests?and?the?Public?Welfare? ? ? ? Sarah?Allen? Kendra?Kelson? Hayden?Migl? Rodney?Schmidt? David?Shoemaker? Heather?Thomson? ? ? A...

Allen, Sarah; Kelson, Kendra; Migl, Hayden; Schmidt, Rodney; Shoemaker, David; Thomson, Heather

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "development trends depicted" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


461

Detecting long-term trend in precipitable water over the Tibetan Plateau by synthesis of station and MODIS observations  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Long-term trend in precipitable water (PW) is an important component of climate change assessments for the Tibetan Plateau (TP). PW products from Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer (MODIS) are able to provide good spatial coverage of PW ...

Ning Lu; Kevin E. Trenberth; Jun Qin; Kun Yang; Ling Yao

462

Changes in the Tropical Pacific SST Trend from CMIP3 to CMIP5 and Its Implication of ENSO  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This study assesses the changes in the tropical Pacific Ocean sea surface temperature (SST) trend and ENSO amplitude by comparing a historical run of the World Climate Research Programme Coupled Model Intercomparison Project (CMIP) phase-5 ...

Sang-Wook Yeh; Yoo-Geun Ham; June-Yi Lee

2012-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

463

Technology Development  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In presenting this chapter on technology development, it must be stated that attempts to make an up-to-date technology survey are restricted, unfortunately, by the proprietary nature of recent advances, detail...

B. E. Conway

1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

464

Wind Workforce Development | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Workforce Development Workforce Development Jump to: navigation, search Photo from Casey Joyce, RMT Inc., NREL 24542 If the wind industry and nation wish to capitalize on industry growth, reversing current educational trends away from science, engineering, and technical skills must be achieved.[1] The following resources explore this topic. Resources Baring-Gould, I.; Kelly, M. (2010). Wind Energy Workforce Development: A Roadmap to a Sustainable Wind Industry. National Renewable Energy Laboratory. Accessed August 26, 2013. This poster provides an overview of the educational infrastructure and expected industry needs through a discussion of the activities to train workers while addressing issues for each of the education sectors, leading to the development of an educational infrastructure to support wind

465

Reservoir characteristics of Lower Wilcox Sandstones, Lobo Trend, Webb and Zapata Counties, Texas  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

To date, over 340 bcf of gas have been produced from the Lobo sandstones in the Laredo field area at depths of less than 10,000 ft (3050 m). Gas accumulation is controlled by faulting and erosional truncation. The resulting structural complexity has made accurate prediction of reservoir sandstones difficult. Cored sections display repetitive ordered sequences of sedimentary structures and textural and compositional gradations indicative of turbidity-current deposits. The reservoir sandstones were deposited as constructional channels having vertical and lateral variation from channel-fill to channel-margin to overbank deposits. Channel-fill units are 2-10 ft (0.61-3.05 m) thick and composed of AB, AE, and ABE bedsets. Channel-margin units are 1-3 ft (0.31-0.92 m) thick and contain thinner, more complete ABC, ABE and ABCE sequences. Overbank deposits consist of highly bioturbated, thinly interbedded sandstones and shales. Sandstones are feldspathic litharenites that have 15% matrix and 15% calcite cement. Porosities average 16% and permeabilities range from 0.54 to 12 md, decreasing with increased matrix, cement, and bioturbation. The channel-fill sandstones are linear, dip-trending bodies less than 3000 ft (915 m) wide, which bifurcate downdip into distributary channels. High-intensity, small-scale, soft-sediment deformation indicates the sandstones were deposited in an unstable outer-shelf to upper-slope environment. A slumped, dip-trending channel-fill interpretation for the Lobo sandstones provides a mechanism for sediment transport beyond the present downdip limits of the trend.

Henke, K.A.

1985-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

466

Trend of Taxes on Farm and Ranch Real Estate in Texas, 1890-1946.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

to farming. It is noteworthy that taxes have increased less since 1913 on a percentage basis in type-of-farming areas in East Texas than in West Texas, a characteristic which may be as- sociated with the trend toward less intensive land uses in East Texas... and more extensive uses in certain sections in West Texas. The largest increases in trrves between 1913 and 1946 have oc- curred in the High Plains Cotton Area, the Lower Rio Grande Valley, the Corpus Christi Cotton Area and the Panhandle Wheat Area...

Cherry, Robert Gregg; Gabbard, L. P. (Letcher P.)

1948-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

467

Look taken at coal mining costs and trends for the 1980s  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The author examines the trends in US bituminous coal production and consumption over the past 40 years, and then looks at the growth rates than can be expected for the rest of the 1980s. Increases are likely to be substantial in absolute terms, although nominal when expressed as a percentage. Surface minable reserves in the eastern US are rapidly being depleted, so that underground mining will gain in importance in these regions. A significant contribution to supplying increased domestic coal consumption will eventually come from new longwall mines in the Illinois Basin and northern Appalachia.

Weir, J.P.

1984-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

468

Trends in public perceptions and preferences on energy and environmental policy  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This report presents selected results from a secondary analysis of public opinion surveys, taken at the national and state/local levels, relevant to energy and environmental policy choices. The data base used in the analysis includes about 2000 items from nearly 600 separate surveys conducted between 1979 and 1992. Answers to word-for-word questions were traced over time, permitting trend analysis. Patterns of response were also identified for findings from similarly worded survey items. The analysis identifies changes in public opinion concerning energy during the past 10 to 15 years.

Farhar, B.C.

1993-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

469

Compositional trends of ?-induced optical changes observed in chalcogenide glasses of binary As-S system  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Compositional trends of ?-induced optical changes in chalcogenide glasses are studied with the binary As-S system. Effects of ?-irradiation and annealing are compared using the changes measured in the fundamental optical absorption edge region. It is shown that annealing near the glass transition temperature leads to bleaching of As-S glasses, while ?-irradiation leads to darkening; both depend on the glass composition and thermal history of the specimens. These results are explained in terms of competitive destructionpolymerization transformations and physical aging occurring in As-S chalcogenide glasses under the influence of ?-irradiation.

Shpotyuk, M.; Shpotyuk, O.; Golovchak, Roman; McCloy, John S.; Riley, Brian J.

2014-01-23T23:59:59.000Z

470

Vegetation trends in reclaimed areas at Gibbons Creek Lignite Mine, Grimes County, Texas  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Vegetation productivity and cover studies have been conducted annually at the Gibbons Creek Lignite Mine since 1989, and multiple annual clippings have been collected since 1991. The primary purpose of these studies was to examine revegetation success, in terms of herbaceous productivity, for various post-mine soil types. However, the studies also contain detailed information on species composition. For the years in which multiple annual clippings have been collected (1991 through 1996), total vegetation cover increased, with the mean proportion of bare ground dropping from 12% in 1991 to 1% in 1996. Relative proportions of most introduced and native grasses were virtually static from 1991 through 1994; in 1995, however, herbicide applications to reduce clover cover resulted in a dramatic increase in total grass cover, especially in bahiagrass (Paspalum notatum) and Indiangrass (Sorgastrum nutans). In contrast to the trends of other introduced and native grasses, bahiagrass increased in cover throughout the study period, increasing from 7% in 1991 to 21 % in 1996. Annual and weedy grass species decreased in cover throughout the study period, falling from 12% cover in 1991 to 2% in 1996. This trend of displacement of annuals by perennials is typically observed during ecological succession in natural vegetation communities, and appears to have been accelerated by the herbicide application.

Westerman, C.A. [Morrison Knudsen Corp., San Antonio, TX (United States)

1997-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

471

World petrochemical outlook: Is the current weakness a trend or an aberration?  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

While the focus of this conference is methanol, a review of the general petrochemical industry might be enlightening and valuable to understanding the methanol market. Methanol is certainly a commodity with similarities to hydrocarbons such as gasoline and similarities to base petrochemicals such as ethylene. Methanol stands with one foot in the fuels market via MTBE and the other in the chemicals business for acetic acid and formaldehyde, among many others. Is the world petrochemical market moving into a new trend of weak prices and profits or is the strong growth seen in 1994 and 1995 continuing and the current situation an aberration? In order to determine whether the current market is a trend or aberration, the author looks at issues that he believes caused the current situation and then considers where the world`s economies and petrochemical markets are heading. The issues discussed are: unusually high price increase in a short period; inventory increase/decrease because of price changes; reduction in demand caused by high prices; increase in capacity caused by high prices; changes in growth of world economies; and political/economic issues in China.

Baggett, P.E. [CMAI, Houston, TX (United States)

1995-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

472

Water Quality Trends in the Entiat River Subbasin: Final 2008 Annual Report.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The ISEMP program monitors the status and trend of water quality elements that may affect restoration project effectiveness in the Entiat subbasin. As part of this effort, the PNW Research Station (PNW) measures, analyzes and interprets temporal trends in natural stream water pH, dissolved oxygen, specific conductivity and temperature. The Entiat River is currently on the Clean Water Act 303(d) list for pH exceedence, and there is insufficient information to determine the spatial and temporal extent or potential causes of this exceedence. In the spring 2008, PNW redeployed data-logging, multiparameter probes at four locations in the Entiat subbasin to measure water quality parameters, focusing on pH. This resumed previous data collection that was interrupted by river ice in early December 2007. Instruments were again removed from the river in early December 2008. This annual report covers the period from December 2007 through December 2008. The highest pH values occurred during the low-flow period from midsummer through the following midspring then dropped sharply during the annual snowmelt runoff period from late spring through early summer. Water temperature began rapidly increasing during the receding limb of the annual snowmelt hydrograph. Highest mean monthly temperatures occurred in July and August, while instantaneous maxima occurred during the period July-September. Dissolved oxygen reached its lowest levels during the period of highest water temperature in July-September. Specific conductivity remained very low at all sites throughout the year.

Woodsmith, Richard; Bookter, Andy [PNW Research Station, USDA Forest Service, Wenatchee, WA

2009-03-30T23:59:59.000Z

473

Analysing future trends of renewable electricity in the EU in a low-carbon context  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The aim of this paper is to analyse the situation and trends of electricity from renewable energy sources (RES-E) in the EU up to 2030, taking into account several drivers and barriers and different maturity levels for the renewable energy technologies. The methodology is based on the results of simulation models providing insights on future outlooks, complemented with an analysis of regulations and other drivers and barriers. Regarding the most mature renewable electricity technologies, the main drivers will be public policies (carbon prices and support schemes) and the expected up-ward trend in fossil-fuel prices and the main barriers are related to grid access, administrative procedures and the exhaustion of places with the best wind resource. For those already commercial but expensive technologies, the main driver is support schemes (but not carbon prices) allowing the exploitation of the large potential for investment cost reductions. Barriers are mostly related to their high investment costs. Finally, for those technologies which are emerging and immature, further technical improvements as a result of R&D efforts will be needed and they cannot be expected to significantly penetrate the European electricity market until 2030.

Pablo del Ro

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

474

Software Developers  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Because SEED will provide a common, open-source data framework, software developers will be able to write applications that access the data in a consistent way (with proper permissions), or build functionalities onto the SEED platform in a replicable way.

475

Rural Development Energy Audit & Renewable Energy Development...  

Office of Environmental Management (EM)

Rural Development Energy Audit & Renewable Energy Development Assistance Webinar Rural Development Energy Audit & Renewable Energy Development Assistance Webinar January 21, 2015...

476

UNDP-Human Development Reports | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

UNDP-Human Development Reports UNDP-Human Development Reports Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: UNDP-Human Development Reports Agency/Company /Organization: United Nations Development Programme Topics: Co-benefits assessment Resource Type: Dataset, Publications Website: hdr.undp.org/en/ UNDP-Human Development Reports Screenshot References: UNDP-Human Development Reports[1] Summary "Available online on November 4th, the 2010 Report continues the tradition of pushing the frontiers of development thinking. For the first time since 1990, the Report looks back rigorously at the past several decades and identifies often surprising trends and patterns with important lessons for the future. These varied pathways to human development show that there is no single formula for sustainable progress-and that impressive long-term

477

Energy Efficiency Trends in Residential and Commercial Buildings … August 2010  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Efficiency Efficiency Trends in Residential and Commercial Buildings August 2010 Prepared by McGraw-Hill Construction for the U.S. Department of Energy, Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy OF ENERGY Table of Contents INTRODUCTION 3 EXECUTIVE SUMMARY 4 Chapter One DRIVERS OF ENERGY USE IN BUILDINGS 5 Chapter Two PROFILES OF BUILDING-SECTOR ENERGY USE 13 Chapter Three PATTERNS OF ENERGY-EFFICIENT BUILDING PRODUCT ADOPTION IN COMMERCIAL BUILDING DESIGN 17 Chapter Four INDUSTRY RESEARCH FINDINGS DRIVING ENERGY-EFFICIENT BUILDINGS 25 Chapter Five ENERGY EFFICIENCY STANDARDS, CODES AND INCENTIVES 31 Chapter Six VOLUNTARY PROGRAMS AND LOCAL AND STATE POLICIES FOR GREEN AND ENERGY-EFFICIENT BUILDINGS 38 Chapter Seven RESOURCES FOR MORE INFORMATION 50 Notes and definitions:

478

An ubiquitous ~62 Myr periodic fluctuation superimposed on general trends in fossil biodiversity: Part I, Documentation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We use Fourier Analysis and related techniques to investigate the question of periodicities in fossil biodiversity. These techniques are able to identify cycles superimposed on the long-term trends of the Phanerozoic. We review prior results and analyze data previously reduced and published. Joint time series analysis of various reductions of the Sepkoski Data, Paleobiology Database, and Fossil Record 2 indicate the same periodicity in biodiversity of marine animals at 62 Myr. We have not found this periodicity in the terrestrial fossil record. We have found that the signal strength decreases with time because of the accumulation of apparently "resistant" long-lived genera. The existence of a 62 Myr periodicity despite very different treatment of systematic error, particularly sampling-strength biases, in all three major databases strongly argues for its reality in the fossil record.

Melott, Adrian L

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

479

An ubiquitous ~62 Myr periodic fluctuation superimposed on general trends in fossil biodiversity  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A 62 Myr periodicity is superimposed on other longer-term trends in fossil biodiversity. This cycle can be discerned in marine data based on the Sepkoski compendium, the Paleobiology Database, and the Fossil Record 2. The signal also exists in changes in sea level/sediment, but is much weaker than in biodiversity itself. A significant excess of 19 previously identified Phanerozoic mass extinctions occur on the declining phase of the 62 Myr cycle. appearance of the signal in sampling-standardized biodiversity data, it is likely not to be a sampling artifact, but either a consequence of sea-level changes or an additional effect of some common cause for them both. In either case, it is intriguing why both changes would have a regular pattern.

Melott, A L

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

480

Environmental trends in Asia are accelerating the introduction of clean coal technologies and natural gas  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This paper examines the changing energy mix for Asia to 2020, and impacts of increased coal consumption on Asia`s share of world SO{sub 2} and CO{sub 2} emissions. Stricter SO{sub 2} emissions laws are summarized for eight Asian economies along with implications for fuel and technology choices. The paper compares the economics of different technologies for coal and natural gas in 1997 and in 2007. Trends toward introducing clean coal technologies and the use of natural gas will accelerate in response to tighter environmental standards by 2000. The most important coal conversion technology for Asia, particularly China, in the long term is likely to be integrated gasification combined-cycle (IGCC), but only under the assumption of multiple products.

Johnson, C.J.

1997-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "development trends depicted" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


481

\\{PCBs\\} in Central Vietnam coastal lagoons: Levels and trends in dynamic environments  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

\\{PCBs\\} were analysed in surficial sediments and selected sediment cores collected between 2002 and 2008 in Central Vietnam coastal lagoons. The aim was to determine contamination levels and trends, and to evaluate the effects of anthropogenic pressures and natural events. Samples were mostly fine-grained with low total PCB concentrations (0.36744.7?gkg?1). Atmospheric transport and post depositional processes modify to some degree the fingerprint of PCB inputs to the environment favouring the predominance of 3, 4 and 5 chlorinated congeners. The similarity of congener distributions in contemporary surficial samples also suggests the presence of a unique source over the entire study area, probably connected to mobilisation and long range transports from land-based stocks. The removal of consistent sediment layers is hypothesised based on repeated samplings of the same area. Natural meteorological events (such as typhoons) are suspected to be responsible for these sediment losses.

Silvia Giuliani; Rossano Piazza; Luca Giorgio Bellucci; Nguyen Huu Cu; Marco Vecchiato; Stefania Romano; Cristian Mugnai; Dang Hoai Nhon; Mauro Frignani

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

482

Trends in Energy Management Technology - Part 3: State of Practiceof Energy Management, Control, and Information Systems  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In this report, the third in a series, we provide an evaluation of several products that exemplify the current state of practice of Energy Management, Control, and Information Systems (EMCIS). The available features for these products are summarized and analyzed with regard to emerging trends in EMCIS and potential benefits to the federal sector. The first report [1] covered enabling technologies for emerging energy management systems. The second report [2] serves as a basic reference for building control system (BCS) networking fundamentals and includes an assessment of current approaches to open communications. Part 4 of this series will discuss applications software from a user's perspective. It is important for energy managers in the Federal sector to have a high level of knowledge and understanding of these complex energy management systems. This series of reports provides energy practitioners with some basic informational and educational tools to help make decisions relative to energy management systems design, specification, procurement, and energy savings potential.

Yee, Gaymond; Webster, Tom

2004-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

483

Status and Trends in the U.S. Voluntary Green Power Market (2013 Data)  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Voluntary green power markets are those in which consumers and institutions voluntarily purchase renewable energy to match their electricity needs. This report surveys utilities, competitive suppliers, renewable energy certificate (REC) marketers, and, for the first time, the community choice aggregation market. This report finds that the voluntary market totaled 62 million megawatt-hours in 2013. Approximately 5.4 million customers are purchasing green power. This report presents data and analysis on voluntary market sales and customer participation, products and premiums, green pricing marketing, and administrative expenses. The report also details trends in REC tracking systems, REC pricing in voluntary and compliance markets, community and crowd-funded solar, and interest in renewable energy by the information and communication technologies sector.

Heeter, J.; Belyeu, K.; Kuskova-Burns, K.

2014-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

484

Annual Energy Outlook with Projections to 2025 - Market Trends- Natural Gas  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Natural Gas Demand and Supply Natural Gas Demand and Supply Annual Energy Outlook 2005 Market Trends - Natural Gas Demand and Supply Figure 82. Natural gas consumption by sector, 1990-2025 (trillion cubic feet). Having problems, call our National Energy Information Center at 202-586-8800 for help. Figure data Figure 83. Natural gas production by source, 1990-2025 (trillion cubic feet). Having problems, call our National Energy Information Center at 202-586-8800 for help. Figure data Projected Increases in Natural Gas Use Are Led by Electricity Generators In the AEO2005 reference case, total natural gas consumption increases from 22.0 trillion cubic feet in 2003 to 30.7 trillion cubic feet in 2025. In the electric power sector, natural gas consumption increases from 5.0 trillion cubic feet in 2003 to 9.4 trillion cubic feet in 2025 (Figure 82),

485

Propane Market Outlook Assessment of Key Market Trends, Threats, and Opportunities Facing  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center [Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)]

0 0 Propane Market Outlook Assessment of Key Market Trends, Threats, and Opportunities Facing the Propane Industry Through 2020 P r e s e n T e d B y : Declining Sales in the Recent Past and Near-Term Future After peaking in 2003, nationwide propane consumption fell by more than 10 percent through 2006. Although propane demand rebounded somewhat in 2007 and 2008 due to colder weather, propane demand appears to have declined again in 2009. The collapse of the new housing market, combined with decreases in fuel use per customer resulting from efficiency upgrades in homes and equipment, resulted in a decline in residential propane sales. The recession also reduced demand in the industrial and commercial sectors. Colder weather in the last half of 2009 and in January

486

Instrument Development  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Cloud and Aerosol Characterization for Cloud and Aerosol Characterization for the ARM Central Facility: Multiple Remote Sensor Techniques Development K. Sassen Department of Meteorology University of Utah Salt lake City, UT 84112 overcome the poor data-handling capabilities that handi- capped multiple-channellidar studies in the past. The true diversity of transmitted and received polarization states of our system is illustrated at the bottom of Table 1. Note that the first full POL field tests will be made at the upcoming 1991 Project First ISCCP Regional Experiment (FIRE) Intensive Field Observations II campaign, where our unit will be one of severallidars and radars located at a central site serving as the hub for research aircraft operations. The increasingly complex data collected by the POL and other remote sensors using different wave-

487

FARADAYIC Development  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

FARADAYIC FARADAYIC Development of Electrically Mediated Electrophoretic Deposition for Thermal Barrier Coatings F A R A D A Y T E C H N O L O G Y , IN C . Joseph Kell 1 , Heather McCrabb 1 , Binod Kumar 2 1 Faraday Technology, Inc., Clayton, Ohio, USA 2 University of Dayton Research Institute, Dayton, Ohio, USA Contact: josephkell@faradaytechnology.com; heathermccrabb@faradaytechnology.com Background There is a need for an affordable, non-line-of-sight method of coating complex-shaped turbine engine components with thermal barrier coatings (TBCs) that have controllable thickness distributions and a microstructure that is sufficiently strain-tolerant and will survive in the turbine environment. Typically plasma spray (PS) or electron beam physical vapor deposition (EB-PVD) are used to deposit TBCs Electrophoretic deposition (EPD) is a non-line-of-sight process that is easy to control

488

Nozzle development  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The objective of this program has been the development of experimental techniques and data processing procedures to allow for the characterization of multi-phase fuel nozzles using laboratory tests. Test results were to be used to produce a single value coefficient-of-performance that would predict the performance of the fuel nozzles independent of system application. Several different types of fuel nozzles capable of handling multi-phase fuels have been characterized for: (a) fuel flow rate versus delivery pressure, (b) fuel-air ratio throughout the fuel spray or plume and the effective cone angle of the injector, and (c) fuel drop- or particle-size distribution as a function of fluid properties. Fuel nozzles which have been characterized on both single-phase liquids and multi-phase liquid-solid slurries include a variable-film-thickness nozzle, a commercial coal-water slurry (CWS) nozzle, and four diesel injectors of different geometries (tested on single-phase fluids only). Multi-phase mixtures includes CWS with various coal loadings, surfactant concentrations, and stabilizer concentrations, as well as glass-bead water slurries with stabilizing additives. Single-phase fluids included glycerol-water mixtures to vary the viscosity over a range of 1 to 1500 cP, and alcohol-water mixtures to vary the surface tension from about 22 to 73 dyne/cm. In addition, tests were performed to characterize straight-tube gas-solid nozzles using two differences size distributions of glass beads in air. Standardized procedures have been developed for processing measurements of spray drop-size characteristics and the overall cross-section average drop or particle size. 43 refs., 60 figs., 7 tabs.

Dodge, F.T.; Dodge, L.G.; Johnson, J.E.

1989-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

489

17/03/2006 Accepted in European Journal of Cancer Prevention Time Trends and Geographic Variations for Thyroid Cancer  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

17/03/2006 Accepted in European Journal of Cancer Prevention 1 Time Trends and Geographic Variations for Thyroid Cancer in New Caledonia, a Very High Incidence Area (1985-1999) Thérèse Truong1 mail: guenel@vjf.inserm.fr Running head: Incidence of thyroid cancer in New Caledonia #12

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

490

Atmospheric histories and growth trends Diane J. Ivy, Tim Arnold, Christina M. Harth, L. Paul Steele, Jens Mhle,  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Atmospheric histories and growth trends of C4 F10 , C5 F12 , C6 F14 , C7 F16 and C8 F18 * Diane J to: discover new interactions among natural and human climate system components; objectively assess future; and improve methods to model, monitor and verify greenhouse gas emissions and climatic impacts

491

Studying trends in biomass burning aerosol using the Absorbing Aerosol Index derived from GOME, SCIAMACHY, and GOME-2  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Studying trends in biomass burning aerosol using the Absorbing Aerosol Index derived from GOME the resulting time series, we use tropospheric NO2 data as a reference in the regions dominated by biomass sensitive to desert dust aerosols (DDA) and biomass burning aerosols (BBA). See Figure 1. The AAI

Tilstra, Gijsbert

492

Analysis of Best Hydraulic Fracturing Practices in the Golden Trend Fields of Oklahoma Shahab D. Mohaghegh, West Virginia University  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Analysis of Best Hydraulic Fracturing Practices in the Golden Trend Fields of Oklahoma Shahab D of optimized hydraulic fracturing procedure. Detail stimulation data from more than 230 wells in the Golden of hydraulic fractures. Therefore, it is highly recommended that the clastic and carbonate formations

Mohaghegh, Shahab

493

ITN SADCO NetCO 2014 Conf. on New Trends in Optimal Control, Tours, June 23-27, 14  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

in Optimal Control, Tours, June 23-27, 14 Motivation: Fuel Cells! catalytic! burner! mixer! anode inlet of a high temperature fuel cell CO3 2-! 28 quasi-linear partial integro-differential-algebraic equationsITN SADCO NetCO 2014 Conf. on New Trends in Optimal Control, Tours, June 23-27, 14 New

Boyer, Edmond

494

Changes in Food Web Structure Alter Trends of Mercury Uptake at Two Seabird Colonies in the Canadian Arctic  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Changes in Food Web Structure Alter Trends of Mercury Uptake at Two Seabird Colonies in the Canadian Arctic ... Publication Date (Web): November 4, 2014 ... Arctic ecosystems are changing in response to climate change and some Arctic food web structures are being affected in ways which may have potential consequences for the biomagnification of environmental contaminants. ...

Birgit M. Braune; Anthony J. Gaston; Keith A. Hobson; H. Grant Gilchrist; Mark L. Mallory

2014-11-04T23:59:59.000Z

495

Changing Trends: A Brief History of the US Household Consumption of Energy, Water, Food, Beverages and Tobacco  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

at 215 million Btu. The rate of consumption generally increased until the oil price shocks of the midChanging Trends: A Brief History of the US Household Consumption of Energy, Water, Food, Beverages understand energy conservation policies, we take a brief look at the history in the US of consumption

496

Reconciling disparate 20th Century Indo-Pacific ocean temperature5 trends in the instrumental record6  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 2 3 4 Reconciling disparate 20th Century Indo-Pacific ocean temperature5 trends in the Indian Ocean and western Pacific Ocean are consistent across26 the 4 datasets, it is uncertain whether theories for the response of the tropical Pacific Ocean to an1 increase in greenhouse gases. Assuming

Newman, Matthew

497

The Price-Independent Trend in Energy Efficiency in Canada and the Potential Influence of Non-Price Policies  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Index (AEEI) measures the rate at which energy per unit of output (E/GDP) changes over time, with energy, suggesting that energy intensity will decline by .7% per year. At this rate, Canada will not achieve its 2010The Price-Independent Trend in Energy Efficiency in Canada and the Potential Influence of Non

498

Temporal trends of pollution Pb and other metals in east-central Baf n Island inferred from lake sediment geochemistry  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

pollution Lead stable isotopes Paleolimnology Arctic lakes Sediment geochemistry Atmospheric deposition long-term histories of atmospheric Pb pollution (Brännvall et al., 2001). In addition, stable isotopesTemporal trends of pollution Pb and other metals in east-central Baf n Island inferred from lake

Wolfe, Alexander P.

499

Temporal trends of pollution Pb and other metals in east-central Baffin Island inferred from lake sediment geochemistry  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

pollution Lead stable isotopes Paleolimnology Arctic lakes Sediment geochemistry Atmospheric deposition long-term histories of atmospheric Pb pollution (Brännvall et al., 2001). In addition, stable isotopesTemporal trends of pollution Pb and other metals in east-central Baffin Island inferred from lake

Briner, Jason P.

500

Trends in Energy Intake among US Children by Eating Location and Food Source, 1977-2006  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Background Little is known about the influence of location of food consumption and preparation upon daily energy intake of children. Objective To examine trends in daily energy intake by children for foods eaten at home or away from home, by source of preparation, and for combined categories of eating location and food source. Subjects The analysis uses data from 29,217 children aged 2 to 18 years from the 1977-1978 Nationwide Food Consumption Survey, 1989-1991 and 1994-1998 Continuing Survey of Food Intakes by Individuals, and 2003-2006 National Health and Nutrition Examination Surveys. Methods Nationally representative weighted percentages and means of daily energy intake by eating location were analyzed for trends from 1977 to 2006. Comparisons by food source were examined from 1994 to 2006. Analyses were repeated for three age groups: 2 to 6 years, 7 to 12 years, and 13 to 18 years. Difference testing was conducted using a t test. Results Increased energy intake (+179 kcal/day) by children from 1977-2006 was associated with a major increase in energy eaten away from home (+255 kcal/day). The percentage of daily energy eaten away from home increased from 23.4% to 33.9% from 1977-2006. No further increase was observed from 1994-2006, but the sources of energy shifted. The percentage of energy from fast food increased to surpass intake from schools and become the largest contributor to foods prepared away from home for all age groups. For foods eaten away from home, the percentage of daily energy from stores increased to become the largest source of energy eaten away from home. Fast food eaten at home and store-bought food eaten away from home increased significantly. Conclusions Eating location and food source significantly influence daily energy intake for children. Foods prepared away from home, including fast food eaten at home and store-prepared food eaten away from home, are fueling the increase in total energy intake. However, further research using alternative data sources is necessary to verify that store-bought foods eaten away from home are increasingly store-prepared.

Jennifer M. Poti; Barry M. Popkin

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z