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  1. Research Centre for Sustainable Development (RCSD), Chinese Academy...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Research Centre for Sustainable Development (RCSD), Chinese Academy of Social Sciences (CASS) Jump to: navigation, search Name: Research Centre for Sustainable Development (RCSD),...

  2. Research Centre for Sustainable Development (RCSD), Chinese Academy...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Program (infoDev) International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) International Energy Agency (IEA) International Institute for Sustainable Development (IISD) International Renewable...

  3. Research Centre for Sustainable Development (RCSD), Chinese Academy of

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onRAPID/Geothermal/Exploration/ColoradoRemsenburg-Speonk, New York: EnergyOpen Energy Information Requirements

  4. Research Centre for Sustainable Development (RCSD), Chinese Academy of

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION JEnvironmental Jump to:EA EIS Report UrlNM-bRenewable Energy RFPsLtdEnergy PlcWorld BankSocial

  5. The alternative of Chinese aid in Africa : impacts of China's development strategy through Chinese aid, finance, and firms in Kenya

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mullin, Deborah Wei

    2009-01-01

    This thesis examines the differences of Chinese and Western aid implementation and its effects in Africa though the case study of Chinese aid and finance for road development in Kenya. Today, Kenya receives tangible benefits ...

  6. Introduction of Confucius Institute Scholarship For the purpose of supporting the development of Confucius Institutes, facilitating Chinese

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    the development of Confucius Institutes, facilitating Chinese language promotion and Chinese cultural transmission in the world, cultivating qualified Chinese- language teachers and excellent Chinese-language students. The program will sponsor foreign students, scholars and Chinese-language teachers proceed to a Bachelor

  7. Inter-disciplinary study on open source software development in developing countries: a case study of Chinese Linux 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zhou, Yinhua

    2012-06-26

    This research provides a detailed account of Open Source Software (OSS) development in the context of developing countries (DCs) by exploring the specific case of Chinese indigenous Linux design and development. It builds ...

  8. Chinese housing mixology : considerations for the successful development of mixed-income housing

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chan, Janelle (Janelle Jie-Ying)

    2007-01-01

    In recent years, the Chinese government transformed their national system of housing provision and introduced market mechanisms. The consequent boom in residential real estate development and the emergence of speculative ...

  9. Creating transparency in the Chinese real estate development industry : a case study

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Han, Feng, S.M. Massachusetts Institute of Technology

    2005-01-01

    Transparency issue remains one of the top issues that have discouraged foreign investors to invest China's real estate market. This thesis establishes a framework for Chinese developers to create transparency for their ...

  10. Chinese Energy Generation Enterprise, Law Department. (Ref.:QDLA04) This firm is the biggest Chinese company in EPC, BOT and BOO construction and development of

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    , gas, oil, solar wind and biomass. The company designs, engineers, procures for, constructs Chinese company in EPC, BOT and BOO construction and development of power plants including nuclear, coal of the largest companies globally in terms of international revenue. It is a Chinese state owned corporation

  11. The Diachronic Development and Synchronic Distribution of Minimizers in Mandarin Chinese

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chen, I-Hsuan

    2015-01-01

    Linda. 2008. The even-construction in Mandarin Chinese.In Chinese Linguistics in Leipzig, ed. by Redouane Djamouriwith Free Choice in Chinese. In Quantificational Structures,

  12. Rejuvenating the Chinese Defense Economy: Present Developments and Future Trends

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    CHEUNG, Tai Ming

    2011-01-01

    2011 Rejuvenating the Chinese Defense Economy: Presentand future prospects of the Chinese defense economy. Fifteeneven accelerate, as long as the Chinese leadership remains

  13. Mobile Application Development for Beginning Students in Guangdong: A Chinese App Inventor

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jackson, Daniel

    Mobile Application Development for Beginning Students in Guangdong: A Chinese App Inventor MIT has of the Center's major projects is MIT App Inventor, a graphical programming platform that enables beginning students to create mobile applications for Android smart phones. App Inventor currently has about a quarter

  14. Returns on Chinese residential development projects : a practical investment evaluation procedure developed for the analysis of Chinese residential development projects based on modern financial economic norms

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wang, Qian, 1967 June 15-

    2003-01-01

    Since late 1990s, Chinese real estate has been experiencing rapid growth, especially in the commercial housing sector. This phenomenon is mainly supported by China's housing privatization policy implemented in the mid-1990s ...

  15. Developing short-selling on the mainland Chinese equity markets 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Clunie, James; Ying, Tongshan

    2006-01-01

    We review the theory and evidence on liquidity, price discovery and market efficiency associated with securities lending and short-selling. We also study the efforts by the Hong Kong and Taiwan stock exchanges to develop ...

  16. 65School of Chinese Medicine Master of Chinese Medicine (MCM)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cheung, Yiu-ming

    65School of Chinese Medicine Master of Chinese Medicine (MCM) (One-year Full-time or Two-year Part and enhance students' ability in proficiently applying Chinese medicine theories and methods to clinical practice as well as research in and development of Chinese medicine. After taking the programme, students

  17. Rejuvenating the Chinese Defense Economy: Present Developments and Future Trends

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    CHEUNG, Tai Ming

    2011-01-01

    AND ENGINEERING TALENT The Chinese defense economy has aand engineering graduates to satisfy demand from both the civilian and defense economies,

  18. Developing and testing a framework to impose legal liability on Chinese auditors for misstatements 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lu, Yingfa

    2009-11-25

    This thesis first builds a framework to impose professional liability on Chinese auditors for misstatements and then tests the framework by field work. Auditor liability has been a recurring puzzle. This thesis intends ...

  19. Chinese and Chinese American Life-Writing

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cheung, KK

    2015-01-01

    The Chinaman Pacific: Must a Chinese American Critic ChooseAn Anthology of Ancient Chinese Poetry (??????) (Shanghai,The Woman Warrior and the Chinese-American Autobiographical

  20. Two computational approaches for creating Chinese painting 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chan, Ching

    2000-01-01

    In this thesis two computational approaches for creating Chinese painting are developed. The first approach uses an expressive paint tool that enables anyone to paint 2D Chinese paintings in real-time. The realistic rendering of paint strokes...

  1. Brain development in Chinese children and adolescents: a structural MRI study

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Guo, X; Chen, C; Chen, K; Jin, Z; Peng, D; Yao, L

    2007-01-01

    J, Filipek PA. The human brain age 7–11 years: a volumetricHS, Ross JL, Denckla MB. Brain development, gender and IQ ina volumetric imaging study. Brain 1996; 119:1763–1774. 3.

  2. Chinese Renewable Energy Society CRES formerly Chinese Solar...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Chinese Renewable Energy Society CRES formerly Chinese Solar Energy Society Jump to: navigation, search Name: Chinese Renewable Energy Society (CRES) (formerly Chinese Solar Energy...

  3. Lessons for Chinese mega-mall development : a case study of the South China Mall

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ai, Lu, S.M. Massachusetts Institute of Technology

    2007-01-01

    China is embracing mega-mall development: Seven out of the ten largest shopping malls in the world will have been located in China by the year 2010. All the completed mega-malls are now suffering from high vacancy rates ...

  4. Dislocation focus construction in Chinese

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cheung, Lawrence Yam-Leung

    2009-01-01

    of colloquialism of the Archaic Chinese]. Journal of Beihua1968. A grammar of spoken Chinese. Berkeley: University ofdislocation in Classical Chinese and its related issues].

  5. to the Chinese translation of Building the Virtual State

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Schweik, Charles M.

    Preface to the Chinese translation of Building the Virtual State: Information Technology of e-governance" (dianzi zhenwu). The Chinese government is reported to have developed approximately 3 and timely information and interaction with their government. Moreover, during 2003 the Chinese government

  6. Chinese Studies Minor (19 Credits)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    McConnell, Terry

    Chinese Studies Minor (19 Credits) The minor in Chinese Studies dimensions of the Chinese and minority communities historically and in the modern period. The minor requires a basic knowledge of Chinese. Study abroad

  7. Fundamentals of Chinese Reading 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nixon, Jessie

    2009-11-26

    A large corpus of data of natural reading in Chinese was explored using linear mixed effects analyses conducted in R....

  8. 21F.101 Chinese I (Regular), Fall 2004

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wheatley, Julian K.

    Introduction to modern standard Chinese (Mandarin) with emphasis on developing conversational skills by using fundamental grammatical patterns and vocabulary in functional and cultural suitable contexts. Basic reading and ...

  9. Dislocation focus construction in Chinese

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cheung, Lawrence Yam-Leung

    2009-01-01

    of dislocation focus construction in Cantonese. MA thesis,London. Dislocation focus construction in Chinese Leung,SP Dislocation focus construction in Chinese (a) (b) (c) (

  10. Acquisition of Chinese characters: The effects of character properties and individual differences among second language learners 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kuo, Li-Jen; Kim, Tae-Jin; Yang, Xinyuan; Li, Huiwen; Liu, Yan; Wang, Haixia; Park, Jeong Hyun; Li, Ying

    2015-08-03

    In light of the dramatic growth of Chinese learners worldwide and a need for cross-linguistic research on Chinese literacy development, this study drew upon theories of visual complexity effect (Su and Samuels, 2010) and dual-coding processing...

  11. How to transition Chinese firms into world-class corporations : organizational and cultural innovations are key

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zhao, Zhongyao (Zhongyao Charls)

    2007-01-01

    Entering the 21st Century, after almost 30 years development of the Chinese economy, several famous Chinese firms have grown to a significant scale and achieved the rudiments of world-class corporations. Following Japanese ...

  12. Vietnamese to Chinese Machine Translation via Chinese Character as Pivot

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Vietnamese to Chinese Machine Translation via Chinese Character as Pivot Hai Zhao1,2 Tianjiao Yin3@gmail.com zhangjingyizz@gmail.com Abstract Using Chinese characters as an intermedi- ate equivalent unit. This strategy is tentatively applied to machine translation between Vietnamese and Chinese. During the semantic

  13. Combining a Chinese Thesaurus with a Chinese Dictionary Ji Donghong

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Combining a Chinese Thesaurus with a Chinese Dictionary Ji Donghong Kent Ridge Digital Labs 21 Heng the problem of combining a Chinese thesaurus with a Chinese dictionary by linking the word entries in the thesaurus with the word senses in the dictionary, and propose a similar word strategy to solve the problem

  14. Chinese Business Practices and Culture

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hickman, Mark

    MGMT228 Chinese Business Practices and Culture School of Business and Economics 2015BUSINESS Costs and food while in Hangzhou but there are other costs to consider also: Airfares approx. $1,800.00 Chinese courses on Chinese business practices and culture, interact with Chinese students and businesses

  15. Teaching Chinese Cultural Perspectives through Film

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zhang, Lihua

    2011-01-01

    culture. Journal of Chinese Language Teachers Association,discourse grammar of Mandarin Chinese. New York: Peter LangY. Xiao (Eds. ), Teaching Chinese as a foreign language.

  16. Does Customer Auditing Help Chinese Workers?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    He, Goujun; Perloff, Jeffrey M.

    2012-01-01

    and Sustainability of the Chinese Private Sector.for Sustainability of the Chinese Private Sector, Beijing:2010. Unions Improves Chinese Workers’ Welfare—Results from

  17. Around the Chinese Remainder Theorem

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jean-Marie Didry; Pierre-Yves Gaillard

    2008-12-24

    We prove an explicit Chinese Remainder Theorem for one variable polynomials with complex coefficients, and derive some consequences.

  18. Segmenter for Chinese Kalle Beneus

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Segmenter for Chinese Kalle Ben´eus Department of Computer Science Lund University, Sweden d04kb This article examines different methods of word segmentation for Chinese. First we look at some of Chinese. This includes studying their effectiveness in simple implementa- tions as well as looking

  19. Chinese Business Practices and Culture

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hickman, Mark

    Heading Subheading MGMT228 Chinese Business Practices and Culture (study tour) #12;Basic info N ho skills during the tour ­ CHIN115 is offered in S2 2015 and is a good entry to Chinese language ­ GCC LingoSwap is another great idea · Travel to China to visit a Chinese University and visit multinational

  20. Strategy for international cooperation in planning the Chinese Space Station

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Foley, Jordan J. (Jordan James)

    2014-01-01

    After ten years of planning and pre-development, the Chinese government approved the space station project on September 25, 2010. In October 2010, the People's Republic of China (PRC) officially announced its independent ...

  1. Modernity of Chinese urban neighborhoods : toward new spatial forms

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yi, Qian, 1973-

    2002-01-01

    There is always a general dilemma about how to balance technology and humanity in urban neighborhood development. Modem technology creates many new spatial forms for Chinese urban neighborhoods, but it also destroys many ...

  2. Heike, Jike, Chuangke : creativity in Chinese technology community

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wang, Yu, S.M. Massachusetts Institute of Technology

    2015-01-01

    This thesis surveys creativity in Chinese technology communities and its implication in China's development mode shift from "Made in China" to "Created in China." It discussed the history of creativity in China and how ...

  3. Micro-bioreactor design for Chinese hamster ovary cells

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Goh, Shireen

    2013-01-01

    The research objective is to design a micro-bioreactor for the culture of Chinese Hamster Ovary (CHO) cells. There is an increasing demand for upstream development in high-throughput micro-bioreactors specifically for the ...

  4. Chinese supercomputer stays No. 1, Titan at ORNL still No. 2...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Chinese supercomputer stays No. 1, Titan at ORNL still No. 2 November 18, 2014 For the fourth consecutive time, Tianhe-2, a supercomputer developed by China's National University...

  5. 21F.101 / 21F.151 Chinese I (Regular), Spring 2005

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wheatley, Julian K.

    Introduction to modern standard Chinese (Mandarin) with emphasis on developing conversational skills by using fundamental grammatical patterns and vocabulary in functional and cultural suitable contexts. Basic reading and ...

  6. Japanese and Chinese Books

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Banbara, Mutsunori

    . In 1999, Kobe Digital Library was launched. It provides digitized collections for users both on and offLibrary Japanese and Chinese Books Foreign Books Total General Library, Library for Intercultual Studies 382,808 147,835 530,643 Library for Social Sciences 630,658 701,215 1,331,873 Library for Science

  7. Chinese Students Association 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Unknown

    2011-08-17

    to open-market situations, the resulting changes in China’s spending habits will drive trends towards an overall saving rate level that is more similar to that of Western countries. For decades, Chinese citizens have been exposed to luxury products...

  8. Chinese Ring Puzzle The nine linked rings, which is also called Chinese rings, is perhaps Chinese greatest mechani-

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Capogna, Luca

    Chinese Ring Puzzle The nine linked rings, which is also called Chinese rings, is perhaps Chinese Quantitatis, written around 1500. #12;Solving the Chinese Ring A procedure for solving the nine linked rings directions and begin undoing the steps you've already completed. Good luck! #12;Further Study: Chinese Ring

  9. Symmetry in Chinese Arts Yip Lixia, Sabrina

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Aslaksen, Helmer

    Symmetry in Chinese Arts Done by: Group 3 Lim Li Yan Yip Lixia, Sabrina Lee Weitian, Ivan Zhong Shengmin Goh Yoon Keong 1 #12;2 CONTENTS · Introduction · Symmetry in Chinese Literature · Chinese Paper Cuttings · Symmetry in Chinese buildings · Chinese Music · Conclusion · Bibliography #12;3 Introduction

  10. Shanghai in contemporary Chinese film

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Liu, Xiangyang

    2010-01-01

    with a Chinese Face: Cinematic Doubles, Odeipal Triangles,Critical Intervention, Cinematic Reconfiguration, and theothers. Therefore, when the cinematic lens extends to the

  11. Chinese Passives: Transformational or Lexical?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zhang, Jiuwu; Wen, Xiaohong

    1989-01-01

    There are two types of passive constructions in Chinese. Type I is a syntactic passive since it is derived through a transformational rule. Type II is a lexical passive. It has certain properties in common with the predicate adjectives in Chinese...

  12. Effective Use of Chinese Structural Auxiliaries for Chinese Parsing * , Yingshun Wu

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Effective Use of Chinese Structural Auxiliaries for Chinese Parsing * Yun Jin a , Qing Li b the Chinese structural auxiliary knowledge to detect and correct ungrammatical Chinese parsing errors. We that appropriate use of evident Chinese structural auxiliary knowledge indeed helps to correct parsing errors

  13. Chinese House JOHN YIN, Faculty Director

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hayden, Nancy J.

    1 Chinese House JOHN YIN, Faculty Director YING HU, Faculty Director KEVIN NEVILLE, Student Director JASON RANCIATO, Student Director OVERVIEW The Chinese House has been a Living and Learning Center for students who are learning Chinese language and are interested in Chinese culture. It is also a place where

  14. Between Sovereignties: Chinese Minor Settler Literature Across the Pacific

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Huang, Yu-ting

    2015-01-01

    Melissa J. Is Taiwan Chinese? : The Impact of Culture,eds. “Paké: Writing by Chinese in Hawaii. ” Bamboo Ridge 42and Territoriality in Chinese New Zealand Fictions. ” Paper

  15. Tonal Assignment in English Loanwords in Mandarin Chinese

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Glewwe, Eleanor

    2015-01-01

    of Names in Roman-Chinese. Beijing: Zhongguo Duiwai Fanyi1984). Hanyu Wailaici Cidian [Chinese Loanword Dictionary].Wordbook Press]. MDBG. (2014). Chinese-English Dictionary.

  16. Meditation, Repentance, and Visionary Experience in Early Medieval Chinese Buddhism

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Greene, Eric M

    2012-01-01

    Tidings from the South: Chinese Court Buddhism and Overseasmodifications. Chapter 1 : Chinese Meditation Texts of theof (at least) two discrete Chinese texts. 240 This, however,

  17. Chinese Religiosities: Afflictions of Modernity and State Formation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yang, Mayfair Mei-hui

    2008-01-01

    Cult in the Late Qing”), in (Chinese Folk Religion). Tokyo:chubanshe. Shao Yong (Chinese Sects and Secret Societies). .and the Study of Primitive Chinese Society”), in (Cultural

  18. Chinese Immigrants Political Attitudes Ethnic-Centered Political Engagement

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ong, Paul M.; Lee, Joanna

    2007-01-01

    San Francisco’s Emerging Chinese American Electorate,” M.A.in Asian American Politics: Chinese American Attitudes, pagenews/feature/1999/07/30/immigration/>. Chinese American

  19. Chinese Scrabble : a web-based speech-enabled game for Chinese vocabulary building

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Trnovcova, Zuzana

    2010-01-01

    The subject of this thesis is a web-based language game Chinese Scrabble, whose main objective is to help students of Chinese to practice speaking, to learn and review vocabulary both in pinyin and in Chinese characters. ...

  20. ,fiChinese J . Geophys. (in Chinese) , 2006 , 49(3)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Qian, Weihong

    along the monsoon boundary zone in East Asia. Chinese J . Geophys. (in Chinese) , 2006 , 49(3) : 698 ´ ˇˇ ˇˇ ˇˇˇˇ§ ˇˇ­¤ CHINESE ˇˇJOURNAL ˇˇOF ˇˇ GEOPHYSICS Vol. 49 , No. 3 May , 2006 © 1994-2006 China Academic Journal

  1. The ABCs of Chinese Pop: Wang Leehom and the Marketing of a Global Chinese Celebrity

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wang, Grace

    2012-01-01

    viewed as “world music” in Chinese contexts. I am gratefulchinked out. ” See “The Chinese Wind Swept the Music Field,”The ABCs of Chinese Pop: Wang Leehom and the Marketing of a

  2. AtThe University of Utah vCollege-level Chinese Courses

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tipple, Brett

    as a central hub for Chinese language and cultural education. As China's international role grows, there has. In addition, we provide access to Chinese language teaching materials through our library and develop in-house materials. The CIUU was made possible by generous financial support from the China National Office

  3. US, EU Consumption Driving Chinese Imports of Illegal Wood from Around the World

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    US, EU Consumption Driving Chinese Imports of Illegal Wood from Around the World Chinese Government the world's leading importer of wood from tropical, developing countries. China has captured one, and environmental destruction and poverty in forest areas around the world. It also presents a number

  4. Chinese demand drives global deforestation Chinese demand drives global deforestation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Reuters June 10, 2007 NGAMBE-TIKAR, Cameroon (Reuters) - From outside, Cameroon's Ngambe-Tikar forest the raw materials for Chinese exports to the West. China needs 5 million cubic meters more of tropical

  5. Excavating Chinese America in the Delta: Race and the historical archaeology of the Isleton Chinese American community

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fong, Kelly Nicole

    2013-01-01

    Archaeology of the Overseas Chinese. Baywood PublishingChinatowns in the Delta: The Chinese in the Sacramento-Sanand Priscilla Wegars 2005 Chinese American Death Rituals:

  6. Raw Encounters: Chinese Managers, African Workers and the Politics of Casualization in Africa’s Chinese Enclaves

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lee, Ching Kwan

    2009-01-01

    WP 2009-14 Raw Encounters: Chinese Managers, African WorkersCasualization in Africa’s Chinese Enclaves by Ching Kwan Leeapproval. Raw Encounters: Chinese Managers, African Workers

  7. Involvement in Early Childhood Special Education Among Chinese and Non-Chinese American Parents

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    SooHoo, Tanya

    2012-01-01

    H. Brookes. Chiang, L. H. , & Hadadian, A. (2007). Chineseand Chinese-American families of children with disabilities.to developmental disabilities in Chinese American families.

  8. APPLICATION PROCEDURES FOR CHINESE GOVERNMENT SCHOLARSHIP Chinese Government Scholarship scheme is established by the Ministry of Education of China

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ziegler, Günter M.

    APPLICATION PROCEDURES FOR CHINESE GOVERNMENT SCHOLARSHIP Chinese Government Scholarship scheme with educational exchange agreements or understandings reached between Chinese government and governments of other and carry out the routine management of Chinese Government Scholarship Programs. Categories of Applicants

  9. An Alignment based technique for Text Translation between Traditional Chinese and Simplified Chinese

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    An Alignment based technique for Text Translation between Traditional Chinese and Simplified Chinese Sue J. Ker Department of Computer and Information Science Soochow University Taipei, Taiwan, R of translation approaches can be used. We especially focuses on Traditional Chinese and Simplified Chinese text

  10. Overview of the Chinese Electricity Industry and Its Current Issues

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yang, Hongliang

    2006-03-14

    demand (Figure 3). Figure 3: Shares of Energy Consumpti on by Energy Type, Selected Countries Data: (CED, 2004) Coal has fuelled the Chinese economy for the past several decades. However, as 5 sustainable development gradually becomes a key... stream_source_info eprg0517.pdf.txt stream_content_type text/plain stream_size 106784 Content-Encoding UTF-8 stream_name eprg0517.pdf.txt Content-Type text/plain; charset=UTF-8 Overview of the Chinese Electricity Industry...

  11. Does Customer Auditing Help Chinese Workers?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    He, Guojun; Perloff, Jeffrey M.

    2009-01-01

    F. Qin, and A. Brause, 2007, Does monitoring improve labourDoes Customer Auditing Help Chinese Workers? Guojun He* andof a Chinese supplier does not affect that the supplier’s

  12. Chinese immigrant entrepreneurs in New England area

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zhou, Joe Xiongwei

    2008-01-01

    More and more Chinese immigrants came to the U.S. to start a whole new life. Some of them became entrepreneurs. This study focused on Chinese new immigrant entrepreneurs in New England area, and analyzed what factors have ...

  13. Rare Iron Oxide in Ancient Chinese Pottery

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Rare Iron Oxide in Ancient Chinese Pottery Rare Iron Oxide in Ancient Chinese Pottery Print Friday, 26 September 2014 14:37 Jian ware (or Tenmoku) ceramic bowls, famous for their...

  14. Chinese American Faculty Association of Southern California

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chang, Tu-nan

    Chinese American Faculty Association of Southern California CAFA Fall Picnic Date: October 27 picnic. Sincerely, Andy Yao Cindy Fang President, CAFA Vice-President, CAFA #12;Chinese American Faculty

  15. Chinese Remaindering with Errors Oded Goldreich

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    International Association for Cryptologic Research (IACR)

    Chinese Remaindering with Errors Oded Goldreich Department of Computer Science Weizmann Institute 02139, USA madhu@mit.edu. z Abstract The Chinese Remainder Theorem states that a positive integer m The Chinese Remainder Theorem states that a positive integer m is uniquely specified by its remainder modulo k

  16. Does Customer Auditing Help Chinese Workers?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Perloff, Jeffrey M.

    Does Customer Auditing Help Chinese Workers? Guojun He* and Jeffrey M. Perloff** June 2012 of the Giannini Foundation #12;Abstract Auditing by downstream firms has limited effects on Chinese firms medical insurance, and unemployment insurance. #12;Does Customer Auditing Help Chinese Workers

  17. A Sponsored Supplement to Science The Chinese

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Napp, Nils

    A Sponsored Supplement to Science The Chinese Research Paradigm: Addressing Global Science Issues Sponsored by Produced by the Science/AAAS Custom Publishing Office #12;The Chinese Research Paradigm] in The Chinese Research Paradigm: Addressing Global Science Issues (Science/AAAS, Washington, DC, 2014), p. [xx

  18. A MULTIVARIABLE CHINESE REMAINDER THEOREM OLIVER KNILL

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Knill, Oliver

    A MULTIVARIABLE CHINESE REMAINDER THEOREM OLIVER KNILL Abstract. Using an adaptation of Qin Jiushao and in each row, at least one matrix element aij is relatively prime to mi. The Chinese remainder theorem,01A25,15A06. Key words and phrases. Chinese Remainder Theorem, History of number theory, Linear Dio

  19. A multivariable Chinese remainder theorem Oliver Knill

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Knill, Oliver

    A multivariable Chinese remainder theorem Oliver Knill January 27, 2005 Abstract In this note we show a multivariable version of the Chinese remainder theorem: a system of linear modular equations ai1 in a parallelepiped of volume M = m1m2 · · · mn. The Chinese remainder theorem is the special case, where A has only

  20. THE CHINESE MONOID Julien Cassaigne \\Lambda

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hivert, Florent

    THE CHINESE MONOID Julien Cassaigne \\Lambda Marc Espie y Florent Hivert z Daniel Krob x Jean relations de conjugaison. Abstract This paper presents a combinatorial study of the Chinese monoid­section theorem. We also establish a Robinson­ Schensted correspondence for the Chinese monoid before computing

  1. Project Management Plan Chinese Food

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Igusa, Kiyoshi

    impact of this project? · Data management: How do we collect, preserve and sort all of the files? Which special equipment, facilities needed or wanted? According to http://project-management-knowledge.com/ weProject Management Plan Chinese Food According to NSF, the basic elements of a project management

  2. Dual Coding Theory and Chinese: Recall of Concrete and Abstract Sentences in Chinese-English Bilinguals 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chen, Tsuei-Fen

    2010-10-12

    concreteness and abstractness on immediate recall. Forty Chinese-English bilinguals read and recalled five concrete sentences and five matched abstract sentences. Of the ten sentences, five were English, and five were Chinese. Due to the characteristics...

  3. Chinese Calligraphist: A Sketch Based Learning Tool for Learning Written Chinese 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yin, Zhengliang

    2014-08-28

    -based system to help students in practice Chinese writing, correct their bad writing habits early, and give feedback personally. The current written Chinese learning tools such as online tutorials emphasize writing rules including stroke order, but it could...

  4. An investigation on English/Chinese Code-switching in BBS in Chinese Alumni's Community 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ge, Luqun

    The study, based on Myers-Scotton’s revised Markedness Model, investigates English/Chinese code-switching in BBS in Chinese alumni’s community, aiming to prove people are rational calculator when they switch codes. 82 ...

  5. CHINESE AMERICAN FACULTY ASSOCIATION OF SOUTHERN CALIFORNIA (CAFA)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chang, Tu-nan

    1 CHINESE AMERICAN FACULTY ASSOCIATION OF SOUTHERN CALIFORNIA (CAFA) NEWSLETTER, January 28, 2003 and Friends, Happy Chinese New Year! As your President and President-elect of the Chinese American Faculty

  6. The Role of Japan in Modern Chinese Art

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fogel, Joshua A.

    2013-01-01

    Tenshin’s contribution to Chinese art collecting in Amer-R. Howland, Borders of Chinese Civilization: Geography andA Debate on the Reform of Chinese Painting. ” 35. Xiao, Wang

  7. 67School of Chinese Medicine Master of Pharmaceutical Sciences in Chinese Medicine

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cheung, Yiu-ming

    67School of Chinese Medicine Master of Pharmaceutical Sciences in Chinese Medicine (MPharm) (One medicine. It aims at upgrading students' ability to comprehend and master the theoretical knowledge of CM assurance, drug safety assessment, production management and trading of Chinese medicines and/or healthcare

  8. Does Customer Auditing Help Chinese Workers?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    He, Goujun; Perloff, Jeffrey M.

    2012-01-01

    and Alberto Brause. 2007. Does monitoring improve labourDoes Customer Auditing Help Chinese Workers? Guojun He* andworkers well-being. Auditing does not affect the suppliers’

  9. Chinese Science Bulletin Vol. 50 No. 1 January 2005 33 Chinese Science Bulletin 2005 Vol. 50 No. 1 33 38

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ma, Lena

    ARTICLES Chinese Science Bulletin Vol. 50 No. 1 January 2005 33 Chinese Science Bulletin 2005 Vol, Institute of Applied Ecology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Shenyang 110016, China Correspondence should

  10. 2015 BTO Peer Review Presentation - Chinese New Commercial Building...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    BTO Peer Review Presentation - Chinese New Commercial Building Energy Standard 2015 BTO Peer Review Presentation - Chinese New Commercial Building Energy Standard Presenter: Mark...

  11. 2015 BTO Peer Review Presentation - Chinese New Commercial Building...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    2015 BTO Peer Review Presentation - Chinese New Commercial Building Energy Standard 2015 BTO Peer Review Presentation - Chinese New Commercial Building Energy Standard Presenter:...

  12. Outsider Crossings: History, Culture, and Geography of Mexicali's Chinese Community

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chang, Jason Oliver

    2010-01-01

    with its resultant migrations, and Mexico as a post-colonialcentury Chinese migrations to Mexico ask us to consider howan accessory to Chinese migration to Mexico. Otis invited

  13. The Expansion of Chinese Construction Companies in the Global Market

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lan, Yi

    2010-11-03

    , China International Water and Electric Corporation, China National Complete Plant Import and Export Corporation, etc. Their growth was phenomenal (Low and Jiang, 2003). Since the early 1990s, some of the largest SOE had gained experience... development in the host countries through the completion of highways, dams, hydroelectric power stations, thermo power stations, transmission lines, and buildings. During this period, Chinese foreign contracted services include the following industries...

  14. Chinese Magic in Loop Integrals

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    B. F. L. Ward

    2011-06-02

    We present an approach to higher point loop integrals using Chinese magic in the virtual loop integration variable. We show, using the five point function in the important e^+e^-\\to f\\bar{f}+\\gamma process for ISR as a pedagogical vehicle, that we get an expression for it directly reduced to one scalar 5-point function and 4-, 3-, and 2- point integrals, thereby avoiding the computation of the usual three tensor 5-pt Passarino-Veltman reduction. We argue that this offers potential for greater numerical stability.

  15. The Chinese Calendar of The Later Han Period

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Aslaksen, Helmer

    The Chinese Calendar of The Later Han Period Undergraduate Research Opportunities Programme would like to learn some basic knowledge in the Chinese calendar, which is an important part of the Chinese culture and Chinese history. However, by the time we decided to take this project, the deadline

  16. Brief article Chinese and Americans see opposite apparent

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bucci, David J.

    Brief article Chinese and Americans see opposite apparent motions in a Chinese character Peter sequence over the successive strokes of a Chinese character. Although each stroke was in fact presented all in the opposite direction for observers unfamiliar with the Chinese language. There is therefore a learned

  17. The Chinese Remainder Theorem The Chinese Remainder Theorem gives solutions to systems of congruences with relatively prime

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ikenaga, Bruce

    8-3-2014 The Chinese Remainder Theorem · The Chinese Remainder Theorem gives solutions to systems involving successive substitution. The Chinese Remainder Theorem says that certain systems of simultaneous to Chinese mathe- maticians a long time ago -- hence the name. I'll begin by collecting some useful lemmas

  18. Analyzing Chinese Synthetic Words with Tree-based Information and a Survey on Chinese Morphologically Derived Words

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Analyzing Chinese Synthetic Words with Tree-based Information and a Survey on Chinese and Technology matsu@is.naist.jp Abstract The lack of internal information of Chinese synthetic words has become a crucial prob- lem for Chinese morphological analysis sys- tems which will face various needs of seg

  19. Mandarin Chinese as a Heritage Language: A Case Study of U.S.-born Taiwanese

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    CHEN, CHUNG-YU

    2013-01-01

    supplementary education in the Chinese and Korean immigrant327. Pan, S. , (1997). Chinese in New York. In O. García, &language ideology at a Chinese Saturday school. (Doctoral

  20. Redefining “Immigrants”: The Transmigrant Educational Experience of 1.5-Generation Chinese youth

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Liu, Xiangyan

    2015-01-01

    messages: Experiences of Chinese and Mexican immigrants in1969). A history of the Chinese in California: A syllabus.San Francisco: Chinese Historical Society of America.

  1. Queerness and Chinese modernity : the politics of reading between East and East

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wong, Alvin Ka Hin

    2012-01-01

    Literature. ” In Modern Chinese Literary Thought: Writings7041921.html Chu, Henry. “Chinese Psychiatrists DecideThe Question of Women in Chinese Feminism. Durham: Duke

  2. Depression in Chinese American Immigrant Adults: An Exploration of Culturally Based Manifestations, Structure, and Measurement

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wong, Rose

    2009-01-01

    1 Study 1: Depression in Chinese American immigrants: Social52 Study 3: The Chinese American Depression Scale (CADS-9):structure of depression in Chinese American immigrants: An

  3. Acculturation and Important People and Programming for Chinese International Students at Liberal Arts Colleges

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Arenstein, Laura Tokuza

    2015-01-01

    subjective well- being among Chinese international students.Y. & Ashdown, B. (2014). Chinese international students’Expanding horizons for Chinese students. International

  4. Organization of Chinese Americans Federal Leadership Training

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The Organization of Chinese Americans (OCA) will hold its Federal Leadership Training (FLT) on July 18-19, 2013, during its National Convention in Washington, D.C.  The theme of this year’s...

  5. Margaret Kowalski Economics and Chinese Studies

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Andrews, Peter B.

    of Chinese "Checkbook Diplomacy" on Oil Production in Angola, Nigeria, and Sudan China's economic boom and incredible increase in energy consumption have recently the market in Angola, Nigeria, and Sudan. Many Western companies are concerned

  6. Value creation through modernizing Chinese medicine

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sun, Lizhe

    2007-01-01

    My first hypothesis in this thesis is that there is significant value vested in traditional Chinese medicine that can be captured by converting them into ethical drugs through scientific analysis, screening and validation. ...

  7. The Chinese Mestizo in Philippine History

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wickberg, Edgar

    1964-03-01

    Reprinted from THE JOURNAL SOUTHEAST ASIAN HISTORY (Vol. 5, No. 1) March 1964 (pp. 62-100) The Chinese Mestizo in Philippine History By E. Wickberg East Asian Series, Reprint No. 10 INTERNATIONAL STUDIES CENTER FOR EAST ASIAN STUDIES... Chinese Economic Influences in the Philip pines, by Edgar Wickberg. 4. Some Aspects of Korean Acculturation and Value Orientation Since 1950, by Felix Moos. 5. The Philippine Political Party System, by Carl H. Lande. 6. Religion and Politics in Japan...

  8. Chinese House Prof. John Yin and Ms. Diana Sun, Program Directors

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hayden, Nancy J.

    1 Chinese House Prof. John Yin and Ms. Diana Sun, Program Directors OVERVIEW The Chinese House are interested in various aspects of the Chinese culture as well as to those who are learning the Chinese in extracurricular activities that would enrich their experiences with Chinese culture and reinforce their Chinese

  9. 21F.109 Chinese III (Streamlined), Fall 2002

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zhang, Jin

    The third term in the streamlined sequence. Students who have completed Chinese II streamlined admitted; others should check with the Chinese coordinator. From the course home page: Course Description This course is the ...

  10. 2003 ~OE2 CHINESE JOURNAL OF CHEMICAL PHYSICS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Liu, Shilin

    16 ˇˇ 1 2003 ~OE2 ´ »fl§§­¤ CHINESE JOURNAL OF CHEMICAL PHYSICS Vol. 16 ,No. 1 Feb. 2003 100327713 of Bond Selective Chemistry , Chinese Academy of Sciences , Department of Chemical Physics , University

  11. Fast food in a Chinese provincial city: a comparative analysis 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zhu, Haiying

    2006-08-16

    More than a decade ago American fast food entered the Chinese market. Since then the number of fast food and organized chain restaurants in China has multiplied. Chinese consumers, especially those who live in large urban areas, have accepted...

  12. Chinese Delegation Meets with EM Officials in its First Visit...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Chinese Delegation Meets with EM Officials in its First Visit to Savannah River Site Chinese Delegation Meets with EM Officials in its First Visit to Savannah River Site November...

  13. Chinese children's experiences of biliteracy learning in Scotland 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hancock, Andrew John

    2010-11-25

    This thesis explores the experiences of Chinese children acquiring literacy in both Chinese and English in Scotland. A three-dimensional research design is adopted in order to take into account the influential domains ...

  14. Pretty cool, huh? Did you enjoy this article? Let us know! This article was assembled from a combination of the Chinese 1000 and 2000 level textbook, Integrated Chinese,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Harms, Kyle E.

    a combination of the Chinese 1000 and 2000 level textbook, Integrated Chinese, as well as the Internet dictionaries www.zdic.net and www.nciku.com. How can breaking down a character in Chinese help me remember it? What is the deal with Chinese writing? Chinese doesn't use an alphabet, but rather has thousands

  15. ORIGINAL ARTICLE Quantification of net primary production of Chinese

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zhang, Tonglin

    ORIGINAL ARTICLE Quantification of net primary production of Chinese forest ecosystems with spatial while large datasets of in-situ observed NPP are available for Chinese forest ecosystems. Here we use, and the information of climate and topography to estimate Chinese forest NPP and their associated uncertainties

  16. Treebank of Chinese Bible Translations GrapeCity Inc.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Treebank of Chinese Bible Translations Andi Wu GrapeCity Inc. andi.wu@grapecity.com Abstract This paper reports on a treebanking project where eight different modern Chinese translations of the Bible. The tree structures essen- tially follow the guidelines of the Penn Chinese Treebank. The total number

  17. Chinese Science Bulletin 2008 SCIENCE IN CHINA PRESS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Qian, Weihong

    Chinese Science Bulletin © 2008 SCIENCE IN CHINA PRESS Springer www.scichina.com | csb.scichina.com | www.springerlink.com Chinese Science Bulletin | January 2008 | vol. 53 | no. 0 | 1@pku.edu.cn) Supported jointly by National Basic Research Program of China (Grant No. 2006CB403602) and the Chinese COPES

  18. A Comparison of Chinese Parsers for Stanford Dependencies Wanxiang Che

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cortes, Corinna

    A Comparison of Chinese Parsers for Stanford Dependencies Wanxiang Che car@ir.hit.edu.cn Valentin I for producing automatic (rather than gold) part- of-speech tags to train Chinese dependency parsers. Finally, we) and sentiment analysis (Meena and Prabhakar, 2007). In addition to English, there is a Chinese ver- sion

  19. Chinese Sketch Engine and the Extraction of Grammatical Collocations

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chinese Sketch Engine and the Extraction of Grammatical Collocations Chu-Ren Huang Inst. This paper introduces a new technology for collocation extraction in Chinese. Sketch Engine (Kilgarriff et al on BNC. We extend Sketch Engine to Chinese based on Gigaword corpus from LDC. We discuss the available

  20. Chinese Science Bulletin 2009 SCIENCE IN CHINA PRESS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Li, Tim

    Chinese Science Bulletin © 2009 SCIENCE IN CHINA PRESS Springer www.scichina.com | csb.scichina.com | www.springerlink.com Chinese Science Bulletin | March 2009 | vol. 54 | no. 5 | 880-884 Impacts,2,3 , ZHANG RenHe2 , LI Tim4 & WEN Min2 1 Institute of Atmospheric Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences

  1. Chinese Scientists Organize to Put Technology Ventures on the Map

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Huang, Ziwei

    News Chinese Scientists Organize to Put Technology Ventures on the Map By Arielle Emmett As drug companies downsize and research grants in big universities dry up, Chinese scientists in the United States and surprised many Chinese and Americans, Asian scientists in the United States are going after a base

  2. Chinese Optical Character Recognition for Information Extraction from Video Images

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lyu, Michael R.

    Chinese Optical Character Recognition for Information Extraction from Video Images Wing Hang Cheung The Chinese University of Hong Kong Shatin, N.T., Hong Kong Abstract A number of research work on text ex- traction from videos is conducted in these few years, but not many focus on the Chinese language. Due to di

  3. Chinese character decoding: a semantic bias? Clay Williams Thomas Bever

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bever, Thomas G.

    Chinese character decoding: a semantic bias? Clay Williams · Thomas Bever Published online: 6 April on Chinese character decoding were examined. Our results suggest that semantic and phonetic radicals are each response times. These results are interpreted to indicate that while educated native Chinese speakers have

  4. On the Mixed Chinese Postman Problem T. K. Ralphs

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ralphs, Ted

    On the Mixed Chinese Postman Problem T. K. Ralphs School of Operations Research and Industrial Engineering, Cornell University 8 June 1993 Abstract The mixed Chinese postman problem is a version of the well-known Chinese postman problem in which the underlying graph consists of both directed

  5. French-Chinese School on Differential and Functional Equations

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pouyanne, Nicolas

    French-Chinese School on Differential and Functional Equations Wuhan University Wuhan, China, April 16th-27th, 2012 #12;French-Chinese School on Differential and Functional Equations, Wuhan, China, April 16th-27th, 2012 French-Chinese School on Differential and Functional Equations Wuhan, China, April

  6. Chinese and Japanese calendars (from a Japanese perspective)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Roegel, Denis

    Chinese and Japanese calendars (from a Japanese perspective) (Denis Roegel) (roegel@loria.fr) (corrected version, 28 April 2008) Y Denis Roegel Chinese and Japanese calendars #12;Warning, or the possibly inacceptable usage of simplified and traditional Chinese; pinyin, Japanese, Korean, Vietnamese

  7. Chinese Science Bulletin 2007 SCIENCE IN CHINA PRESS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Huang, Jianbin

    Chinese Science Bulletin © 2007 SCIENCE IN CHINA PRESS Springer www.scichina.com www.springerlink.com Chinese Science Bulletin | October 2007 | vol. 52 | no. 19 | 2618-2620 Synthesis and properties of novel (Grant Nos. 20633010, 20573006 and 20425310) #12;LU Ting et al. Chinese Science Bulletin | October 2007

  8. Chinese Home Appliance Manufacturing: A Case Study of TCL Corporation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Brock, David

    Chinese Home Appliance Manufacturing: A Case Study of TCL Corporation Ping Wang The Ohio State of the Chinese economy. In general, it is hard to correlate the contribution of effective logistics systems the year 2020. Complicating matters, Chinese statistics show that for 2000 nearly 14.6 billion passengers

  9. The ABCs of Chinese Pop: Wang Leehom and the Marketing of a Global Chinese Celebrity

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wang, Grace

    2012-01-01

    Wang Leehom and the Marketing of a Global Chinese Celebrityfor his popularity, his marketing and media coverage—insuccess of the singer’s marketing and image as an artist who

  10. On the evolution of word usage of classical Chinese poetry

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Liu, Liang

    2015-01-01

    The hierarchy of classical Chinese poetry has been broadly acknowledged by a number of studies in Chinese literature. However, quantitative investigations about the evolution of classical Chinese poetry are limited. The primary goal of this study is to provide quantitative evidence of the evolutionary linkages, with emphasis on word usage, among different period genres for classical Chinese poetry. Specifically, various statistical analyses were performed to find and compare the patterns of word usage in the poems of nine period genres, including shi jing, chu ci, Han shi , Jin shi, Tang shi, Song shi, Yuan shi, Ming shi, and Qing shi. The result of analysis indicates that each of nine period genres has unique patterns of word usage, with some Chinese characters being preferably used by the poems of a particular period genre. The analysis on the general pattern of word preference implies a decreasing trend in the use of ancient Chinese characters along the timeline of dynastic types of classical Chinese poetr...

  11. Outlook and Challenges for Chinese Coal

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Aden, Nathaniel T.; Fridley, David G.; Zheng, Nina

    2008-06-20

    China has been, is, and will continue to be a coal-powered economy. The rapid growth of coal demand since 2001 has created deepening strains and bottlenecks that raise questions about supply security. Although China's coal is 'plentiful,' published academic and policy analyses indicate that peak production will likely occur between 2016 and 2029. Given the current economic growth trajectory, domestic production constraints will lead to a coal gap that is not likely to be filled with imports. Urbanization, heavy industry growth, and increasing per-capita consumption are the primary drivers of rising coal usage. In 2006, the power sector, iron and steel, and cement accounted for 71% of coal consumption. Power generation is becoming more efficient, but even extensive roll-out of the highest efficiency units could save only 14% of projected 2025 coal demand. If China follows Japan, steel production would peak by 2015; cement is likely to follow a similar trajectory. A fourth wedge of future coal consumption is likely to come from the burgeoning coal-liquefaction and chemicals industries. New demand from coal-to-liquids and coal-to-chemicals may add 450 million tonnes of coal demand by 2025. Efficient growth among these drivers indicates that China's annual coal demand will reach 4.2 to 4.7 billion tonnes by 2025. Central government support for nuclear and renewable energy has not been able to reduce China's growing dependence on coal for primary energy. Few substitution options exist: offsetting one year of recent coal demand growth would require over 107 billion cubic meters of natural gas, 48 GW of nuclear, or 86 GW of hydropower capacity. While these alternatives will continue to grow, the scale of development using existing technologies will be insufficient to substitute significant coal demand before 2025. The central role of heavy industry in GDP growth and the difficulty of substituting other fuels suggest that coal consumption is inextricably entwined with China's economy in its current mode of growth. Ongoing dependence on coal reduces China's ability to mitigate carbon dioxide emissions growth. If coal demand remains on its current growth path, carbon dioxide emissions from coal combustion alone would exceed total US energy-related carbon emissions by 2010. Broadening awareness of the environmental costs of coal mining, transport, and combustion is raising the pressure on Chinese policy makers to find alternative energy sources. Within China's coal-dominated energy system, domestic transportation has emerged as the largest bottleneck for coal industry growth and is likely to remain a constraint to further expansion. China is short of high-quality reserves, but is producing its best coal first. Declining quality will further strain production and transport. Transporting coal to users has overloaded the train system and dramatically increased truck use, raising transport oil demand. Growing international imports have helped to offset domestic transport bottlenecks. In the long term, import demand is likely to exceed 200 mt by 2025, significantly impacting regional markets. The looming coal gap threatens to derail China's growth path, possibly undermining political, economic, and social stability. High coal prices and domestic shortages will have regional and global effects. Regarding China's role as a global manufacturing center, a domestic coal gap will increase prices and constrain growth. Within the Asia-Pacific region, China's coal gap is likely to bring about increased competition with other coal-importing countries including Japan, South Korea, Taiwan, and India. As with petroleum, China may respond with a government-supported 'going-out' strategy of resource acquisition and vertical integration. Given its population and growing resource constraints, China may favor energy security, competitiveness, and local environmental protection over global climate change mitigation. The possibility of a large coal gap suggests that Chinese and international policy makers should maximize institutional and financial support

  12. Self-organizing criticality among Chinese cities 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Li, Shujuan

    2010-07-14

    This dissertation employs the theory of self-organizing criticality (SOC) into the study of Chinese cities. SOC was proposed at the end of the 1980s to explain system complexity by combining both self-organizing and critical behaviors. SOC has been...

  13. Trans-media strategies of appropriation, narrativization, and visualization : adaptations of literature in a century of Chinese cinema

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Qin, Liyan

    2007-01-01

    Ethnography and Contemporary Chinese Cinema. New York:Filmmakers. ” Modern Chinese Literature and Culture 5 (121-135. Clark, Paul. Chinese Cinema: Culture and Politics

  14. Vocabularies of Violence: The Chinese Coolie Trade and the Constitutive Power of its Conceptual Vocabularies, 1847-1907

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Weber, Elizabeth Evans

    2015-01-01

    The Limits of Realism: Chinese Fiction in the Revolutionaryrespecting the emigration of Chinese coolies, 1852-58. (respecting the emigration of Chinese coolies 1859-1892. (

  15. Proceedings of the Chinese-American symposium on energy markets and the future of energy demand

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Meyers, S. (ed.)

    1988-11-01

    The Symposium was organized by the Energy Research Institute of the State Economic Commission of China, and the Lawrence Berkeley Laboratory and Johns Hopkins University from the United States. It was held at the Johns Hopkins University Nanjing Center in late June 1988. It was attended by about 15 Chinese and an equal number of US experts on various topics related to energy demand and supply. Each presenter is one of the best observers of the energy situation in their field. A Chinese and US speaker presented papers on each topic. In all, about 30 papers were presented over a period of two and one half days. Each paper was translated into English and Chinese. The Chinese papers provide an excellent overview of the emerging energy demand and supply situation in China and the obstacles the Chinese planners face in managing the expected increase in demand for energy. These are matched by papers that discuss the energy situation in the US and worldwide, and the implications of the changes in the world energy situation on both countries. The papers in Part 1 provide historical background and discuss future directions. The papers in Part 2 focus on the historical development of energy planning and policy in each country and the methodologies and tools used for projecting energy demand and supply. The papers in Part 3 examine the pattern of energy demand, the forces driving demand, and opportunities for energy conservation in each of the major sectors in China and the US. The papers in Part 4 deal with the outlook for global and Pacific region energy markets and the development of the oil and natural gas sector in China.

  16. Let Us Remember Fengliu instead of Miseries: Dayou Poems and Chinese Diaspora

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zheng, Da

    2012-01-01

    shilun (On the history of Chinese modern poetry) (Changchun,A History of Contemporary Chinese Literature, tran. MichaelChiang Yee’s Painting and Chinese Cultural Tradition. ” SLI

  17. The Lure of Chinese State Capitalism in Latin America: Influence, Investments and Imports

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Narins, Thomas Peter

    2015-01-01

    12, 2007. Allard, G. 2012. “Chinese OFDI in Africa: Trends,M. and Gugler, P. (eds. ) Chinese International Investments.You Need to Know About Chinese Companies Going Global. New

  18. Chinese to English Machine Translation Using SNePS as an Interlingua

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Krovi, Venkat

    Chinese to English Machine Translation Using SNePS as an Interlingua by Min­Hung Liao Dec, 1997 Characteristics of Chinese 4 2.1 Typological description.3 Difficulties in processing Chinese . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8 2.3.1 Word

  19. Changing Patterns of Chinese Immigration and Diaspora-Homeland Interactions in Singapore and the United States

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zhou, Min; Liu, Hong

    2012-01-01

    S. (1994).The exclusion of Chinese women, 1870-1943. In S.denied: Exclusion and the Chinese community in America,and consciousness: U.S. -born Chinese American youth in the

  20. The Acquisition of the BA Construction by English-speaking Learners of Chinese

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Xu, Hongying

    2012-08-31

    This study examined the acquisition of the BA construction by English-speaking learners of Chinese. The BA construction is a unique yet important grammar phenomenon in Chinese. Whether second language (L2) learners of Chinese are able to understand...

  1. Midwest Area Chinese American Resources Guide

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chinese American Librarians Association - Midwest Chapter; Wu, Pei-ling; McElroy, Anna; Chang, Ling-li; Sanders, R. Bruce; Lin, Shao-Chen

    1995-01-01

    Copyright 1995 by the Chinese American Librarians Association - Midwest Chapter. All rights reserved. No part of this book may be reproduced. stored, or transmitted by any means without written permission from the publisher. Please send all written..., appointed by the president, include program planning, electronic publishing, nomination, public relations, and special task forces . State contacts are recruited by the vice president. Election usually takes place at the annual meeting held in April or May...

  2. Early Chinese Economic Influence in the Philippines, 1850-1898

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wickberg, Edgar

    1962-06-01

    Extract from PACIFIC AFFAIRS Fall, 1962 Early Chinese Economic Influence in the Philippines, 1850-1898 By Edgar Wickberg East Asian Series, Reprint No. 3 CENTER FOR EAST ASIAN STUDIES THE UNIVERSITY OF KANSAS Lawrence, Kansas CENTER... pines, by Edgar Wickberg. Early Chinese Economic Influence in the Philippines, 1850-1898 IN THE PHILIPPINES during the past decade economic nationalism has mani fested itself, among other ways, in government policies aimed at Chinese residents. As a...

  3. Chinese Major (Thirty Credit Hours) 1. Fifteen credit hours of Chinese language at or above 100-level (must include CHIN 101,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hayden, Nancy J.

    Worksheet Chinese Major (Thirty Credit Hours) 1. Fifteen credit hours of Chinese language hours) CHIN 296 (3 credit hours) 2. Fifteen credit hours of Chinese history and culture (must include WLIT 110) a. 3 credit hours of Chinese literature WLIT 110 (3 credit hours) b. 6 credit hours at any

  4. Chinese lawmaking: from non-communicative to communicative 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    He, Peng

    2012-06-26

    In this thesis I will discuss and criticize different legitimation for lawmaking, including ancient and contemporary Chinese theories, and Western representative perspectives on lawmaking. I will disclose disadvantages ...

  5. Semicoke production and quality at Chinese vertical SJ furnaces

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    V.M. Strakhov; I.V. Surovtseva; A.V. D'yachenko; V.M. Men'shenin [Kuznetsk Center, Eastern Coal-Chemistry Institute (Russian Federation)

    2007-05-15

    In Russia there has been little interest on the thermal processing of non-sintering coal. However it may be used to obtain many special types of coke and semicoke that are necessary for processes other than blast furnace smelting and employing small metallurgical coke fractions that do not meet the relevant quality requirements. China has recently made great progress in developing the thermal processing of coal (mainly energy coal) to obtain a highly effective product, semicoke, primarily used in metallurgy and adsorption process. The article considers the operation of a Chinese semicoking plant equipped with vertical SJ furnaces. The plant is in the Shenmu district of Shanxi province (Inner Mongolia). The enterprise includes two furnaces of total output of about 100,000 t/yr of semicoke.

  6. Issues in International Energy Consumption Analysis: Chinese Transportation Fuel Demand

    Reports and Publications (EIA)

    2014-01-01

    Since the 1990s, China has experienced tremendous growth in its transportation sector. By the end of 2010, China's road infrastructure had emerged as the second-largest transportation system in the world after the United States. Passenger vehicle sales are dramatically increasing from a little more than half a million in 2000, to 3.7 million in 2005, to 13.8 million in 2010. This represents a twenty-fold increase from 2000 to 2010. The unprecedented motorization development in China led to a significant increase in oil demand, which requires China to import progressively more petroleum from other countries, with its share of petroleum imports exceeding 50% of total petroleum demand since 2009. In response to growing oil import dependency, the Chinese government is adopting a broad range of policies, including promotion of fuel-efficient vehicles, fuel conservation, increasing investments in oil resources around the world, and many others.

  7. Understanding Military Innovation: Chinese Defense S&T in Historical and Theoretical Perspective

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mahnken, Thomas G

    2010-01-01

    ABILITY TO DETECT INNOVATION There are several additionaland recog- nize Chinese innovation. These include: Thomas G.Understanding Military Innovation: Chinese Defense S&T in

  8. Effects of pistachios on body weight in Chinese subjects with metabolic syndrome

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wang, Xin; Li, Zhaoping; Liu, Yanjun; Lv, Xiaofeng; Yang, Wenying

    2012-01-01

    on body weight in Chinese subjects with metabolic syndrome.on body weight in Chinese subjects with metabolic syndromecan improve blood lipid profiles in subjects with moderate

  9. Typological Stage of Counterfactuals in Chinese Ph.D . Candidate Department of Chinese, Translation and Linguistics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    words as CFs' markers in Chinese, they are (early) (perfect/perfective marker), / (had it not been), (really). However, according to our definitions, none of them are dedicated CFs markers but only CFE 1 underrated. For one thing, neither past tense nor the modal verb is sufficient to differentiate CFs from non-CFs

  10. Completion and Parsing Chinese Sentences Using Cogent Confabulation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Qiu, Qinru

    Completion and Parsing Chinese Sentences Using Cogent Confabulation Zhe Li, Qinru Qiu Dept}@syr.edu Abstract--Among different languages' sentence completion and parsing, Chinese is of great difficulty confabulation based sentence completion has been proposed for English. It fills in missing words in an English

  11. Unknown Word Extraction for Chinese Documents Keh-Jiann Chen

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Unknown Word Extraction for Chinese Documents Keh-Jiann Chen Institute of Information science@iis.sinica.edu.tw Abstract There is no blank to mark word boundaries in Chinese text. As a result, identifying words is difficult, because of segmentation ambiguities and occurrences of unknown words. Conventionally unknown

  12. Modern Chinese-English Dictionary for Students

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Huang, Chi-Chou

    1968-01-01

    two widely different pronunciations, such as [chong] and [zhong] (M), cross reference is provided. (B) Number Designations for Head Words The head words are each given a number, from 1 to 4,447. Later, 50 more characters were added to this total... TABLE OF ROMANIZATION (Chinese Phonetic Alphabet; Yale; Wade-Giles) CPA b c ch chi ci d f g h J k 1 m n P q r ri s sh shi si t w X y ye yi z zh zhi zi Yale b ts ch chr tsz d f e h J k 1 m n P ch r r...

  13. Alliance for Chinese Electric Vehicle Development and Commercialization |

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION JEnvironmental Jump to:EAand DaltonSolarOpen5All Home > AllOhio

  14. Exploring the Chinese Mental Lexicon with Word Association Norms Oi Yee Kwong

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Exploring the Chinese Mental Lexicon with Word Association Norms Oi Yee Kwong Department of Chinese of word association techniques, which have rarely been applied on Chinese. This paper reports based on 58 participants reveal interesting properties of the Chinese mental lexicon

  15. Chinese-to-English Backward Machine Transliteration Guo Yuqing, Wang Haifeng

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wang, Haifeng

    Chinese-to-English Backward Machine Transliteration Guo Yuqing, Wang Haifeng Toshiba (China from Chinese to its English counterpart. We propose a statistical backward transliteration method. Our method uses English sub-syllable and Chinese syllable as the basic units for the Chinese

  16. Chinese-English Parallel Corpus Construction and its Application CHANG Baobao

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chinese-English Parallel Corpus Construction and its Application CHANG Baobao Institute of Computational Linguistics Peking University Beijing, P.R.China chbb@pku.edu.cn Abstract Chinese-English parallel corpora are key resources for Chinese-English cross-language information processing, Chinese

  17. Korean-Chinese Person Name Translation for Cross Language Information Retrieval

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chu, Hao-hua

    Korean-Chinese Person Name Translation for Cross Language Information Retrieval Yu-Chun Wang ab entity in Korean-Chinese cross language information retrieval (KCIR). Unlike other languages, Chinese map to several Chinese characters. We propose an effective hybrid person name translation method

  18. Identification of Chinese Personal Names in Unrestricted Texts. Lawrence CHEUNG, Benjamin K. TSOU

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Identification of Chinese Personal Names in Unrestricted Texts. Lawrence CHEUNG, Benjamin K. TSOU Automatic identification of Chinese personal names in unrestricted texts is a key task in Chinese word, if it is not properly addressed. This paper (1) demonstrates the problems of Chinese personal name identification

  19. The Chinese Postman Problem in Regular Graphs of Suil O # , Douglas B. West +

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    West, Douglas B.

    The Chinese Postman Problem in Regular Graphs of Odd Degree Suil O # , Douglas B. West + March 13, 2013 Abstract The Chinese Postman Problem in a multigraph is the problem of finding a shortest closed The Chinese Postman Problem was introduced in the early 1960s by the Chinese mathemati­ cian Guan Meigu

  20. Influence network in Chinese stock market

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gao, Ya-Chun; Cai, Shi-Min

    2015-01-01

    In a stock market, the price fluctuations are interactive, that is, one listed company can influence others. In this paper, we seek to study the influence relationships among listed companies by constructing a directed network on the basis of Chinese stock market. This influence network shows distinct topological properties, particularly, a few large companies that can lead the tendency of stock market are recognized. Furthermore, by analyzing the subnetworks of listed companies distributed in several significant economic sectors, it is found that the influence relationships are totally different from one economic sector to another, of which three types of connectivity as well as hub-like listed companies are identified. In addition, the rankings of listed companies obtained from the centrality metrics of influence network are compared with that according to the assets, which gives inspiration to uncover and understand the importance of listed companies in the stock market. These empirical results are meaning...

  1. 21F.102 / 21F.152 Chinese II, Spring 2005

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wheatley, Julian K.

    This subject is the second semester of two that form an introduction to modern standard Chinese, commonly called Mandarin. Though not everyone taking this course will be an absolute beginner, the course presupposes only ...

  2. Meaning in the traditional Chinese house and garden

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Li, Tao, M.S. Massachusetts Institute of Technology

    1992-01-01

    The thesis deals with the various levels of meanings of the Chinese house and garden, and how the meanings operated in the context of traditional daily life. It is approached from the point of view of meaning in the context ...

  3. 21F.104 Chinese IV (Regular), Spring 2003

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chen, Tong

    Continuation of 21F.103. For full description, see 21F.103. From the course home page: Course Description This is the continuing instruction in spoken and written Chinese, with particular emphasis on consolidating basic ...

  4. The syntax and processing of relative clauses in Mandarin Chinese

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hsiao, Franny Pai-Fang, 1975-

    2003-01-01

    This thesis investigates relative clauses (henceforth RCs) in Mandarin Chinese as spoken in Taiwan from both syntactic and processing perspectives. I also explore the interaction between these two areas, for example, how ...

  5. The Role of Japan in Modern Chinese Art

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fogel, Joshua A.

    2013-01-01

    s contribution to Chinese art collecting in Amer- ica, seeNagoya/Boston Museum of Fine Arts, ed. ,and the Museum of Fine Arts, Boston. 7. See Thomas Lawton, “

  6. Comparison Of Nominal Compounds Between Ennglish And Chinese 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zhou, Deyu

    2012-11-28

    Compounding is a major method of word formation in the language of English and Chinese. However, due to the characteristics of the languages themselves: English being a language that demonstrates itself more on the morphological aspect whereas...

  7. Governing the Chinese medical profession : a socio-legal analysis 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ouyang, Wei

    2011-11-22

    As the first systematic and in-depth study in any language on the subject, this thesis makes original contributions by unravelling the relationship between Chinese healthcare state governance, health law and medical practitioners, and casting a...

  8. Comparison of nominal compounds between English and Chinese 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Deyu, Zhou

    2012-11-28

    Compounding is a major method of word formation in the language of English and Chinese. However, due to the characteristics of the languages themselves: English being a language that demonstrates itself more on the morphological aspect whereas...

  9. Chinese Americans in China: Ethnicity, Transnationalism, and Roots Tourism 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ueda (Maruyama), Naho

    2010-07-14

    , the purpose of this dissertation is to explore the experiences of visiting ancestral land among second generation immigrants. For the purpose of this study, I focus on experiences of roots tourism among Chinese Americans. By investigating their motivation...

  10. Chinese Teenagers Perceptions of and Attitudes toward Taiwan Mandarin 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Juan, Yu-Tien

    2011-11-23

    This dissertation is a language attitude study which has Taiwan Mandarin as its main concern. The study is based on a pilot study, which suggests Chinese people’s attitudes toward Hong Kong and Taiwan Mandarin related ...

  11. Outsider Crossings: History, Culture, and Geography of Mexicali's Chinese Community

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chang, Jason Oliver

    2010-01-01

    demonstrates how the Pacific Rim became essential to theand material circuits of the Pacific Rim. For too long theand peoples of the Pacific Rim. Mexicali’s Chinese community

  12. Space-state complexity of Korean chess and Chinese chess

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Donghwi Park

    2015-07-23

    This article describes how to calculate exact space-state complexities of Korean chess and Chinese chess. The state-space complexity (a.k.a. search-space complexity) of a game is defined as the number of legal game positions reachable from the initial position of the game. The number of exact space-state complexities are not known for most of games. However, we calculated actual space-state complexities of Korean chess and Chinese chess.

  13. The Acculturation of Chinese-American Adolescents in Negotiating Autonomy and Connectedness: Comparison between Chinese- and European-Americans 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chang, Tzu-Fen

    2012-02-14

    Chinese-American adolescents were compared with the major group in the United States (European-American adolescents) in negotiating self-concepts related with autonomy and connectedness. Senses of autonomy and connectedness were evaluated...

  14. Analysis of the Chinese Market for Building Energy Efficiency

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Yu, Sha; Evans, Meredydd; Shi, Qing

    2014-03-20

    China will account for about half of the new construction globally in the coming decade. Its floorspace doubled from 1996 to 2011, and Chinese rural buildings alone have as much floorspace as all of U.S. residential buildings. Building energy consumption has also grown, increasing by over 40% since 1990. To curb building energy demand, the Chinese government has launched a series of policies and programs. Combined, this growth in buildings and renovations, along with the policies to promote green buildings, are creating a large market for energy efficiency products and services. This report assesses the impact of China’s policies on building energy efficiency and on the market for energy efficiency in the future. The first chapter of this report introduces the trends in China, drawing on both historical analysis, and detailed modeling of the drivers behind changes in floorspace and building energy demand such as economic and population growth, urbanization, policy. The analysis describes the trends by region, building type and energy service. The second chapter discusses China’s policies to promote green buildings. China began developing building energy codes in the 1980s. Over time, the central government has increased the stringency of the code requirements and the extent of enforcement. The codes are mandatory in all new buildings and major renovations in China’s cities, and they have been a driving force behind the expansion of China’s markets for insulation, efficient windows, and other green building materials. China also has several other important policies to encourage efficient buildings, including the Three-Star Rating System (somewhat akin to LEED), financial incentives tied to efficiency, appliance standards, a phasing out of incandescent bulbs and promotion of efficient lighting, and several policies to encourage retrofits in existing buildings. In the third chapter, we take “deep dives” into the trends affecting key building components. This chapter examines insulation in walls and roofs; efficient windows and doors; heating, air conditioning and controls; and lighting. These markets have seen significant growth because of the strength of the construction sector but also the specific policies that require and promote efficient building components. At the same time, as requirements have become more stringent, there has been fierce competition, and quality has at time suffered, which in turn has created additional challenges. Next we examine existing buildings in chapter four. China has many Soviet-style, inefficient buildings built before stringent requirements for efficiency were more widely enforced. As a result, there are several specific market opportunities related to retrofits. These fall into two or three categories. First, China now has a code for retrofitting residential buildings in the north. Local governments have targets of the number of buildings they must retrofit each year, and they help finance the changes. The requirements focus on insulation, windows, and heat distribution. Second, the Chinese government recently decided to increase the scale of its retrofits of government and state-owned buildings. It hopes to achieve large scale changes through energy service contracts, which creates an opportunity for energy service companies. Third, there is also a small but growing trend to apply energy service contracts to large commercial and residential buildings. This report assesses the impacts of China’s policies on building energy efficiency. By examining the existing literature and interviewing stakeholders from the public, academic, and private sectors, the report seeks to offer an in-depth insights of the opportunities and barriers for major market segments related to building energy efficiency. The report also discusses trends in building energy use, policies promoting building energy efficiency, and energy performance contracting for public building retrofits.

  15. Chinese Student Protests: Explaining the Student Movements of the 1980s and the Lack of Protests Since 1989

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kim, Patricia

    2008-01-01

    The Political Pragmatism of Chinese University Students. InA01. Nathan, Andrew J. (1985). Chinese Democracy. Berkeley:Larking, P. a. (1997). Chinese Youth and Civil Society. In

  16. An ancient Chinese wisdom for metabolic engineering: Yin-Yang

    DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

    Wu, Stephen G.; He, Lian; Wang, Qingzhao; Tang, Yinjie J.

    2015-03-20

    In ancient Chinese philosophy, Yin-Yang describes two contrary forces that are interconnected and interdependent. This concept also holds true in microbial cell factories, where Yin represents energy metabolism in the form of ATP, and Yang represents carbon metabolism. Current biotechnology can effectively edit the microbial genome or introduce novel enzymes to redirect carbon fluxes. On the other hand, microbial metabolism loses significant free energy as heat when converting sugar into ATP; while maintenance energy expenditures further aggravate ATP shortage. The limitation of cell “powerhouse” prevents hosts from achieving high carbon yields and rates. Via an Escherichia coli flux balance analysismore »model, we further demonstrate the penalty of ATP cost on biofuel synthesis. To ensure cell powerhouse being sufficient in microbial cell factories, we propose five principles: 1. Take advantage of native pathways for product synthesis. 2. Pursue biosynthesis relying only on pathways or genetic parts without significant ATP burden. 3. Combine microbial production with chemical conversions (semi-biosynthesis) to reduce biosynthesis steps. 4. Create “minimal cells” or use non-model microbial hosts with higher energy fitness. 5. Develop a photosynthesis chassis that can utilize light energy and cheap carbon feedstocks. Meanwhile, metabolic flux analysis can be used to quantify both carbon and energy metabolisms. The fluxomics results are essential to evaluate the industrial potential of laboratory strains, avoiding false starts and dead ends during metabolic engineering« less

  17. Energy development and CO{sub 2} emissions in China

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Xiaolin Xi [Carnegie-Mellon Univ., Pittsburgh, PA (United States)

    1993-03-01

    The objective of this research is to provide a better understanding of future Chinese energy development and CO{sub 2} emissions from burning fossil fuels. This study examines the current Chinese energy system, estimates CO{sub 2} emissions from burning fossil fuels and projects future energy use and resulting CO{sub 2} emissions up to the year of 2050. Based on the results of the study, development strategies are proposed and policy implications are explored. This study first develops a Base scenario projection of the Chinese energy development based upon a sectoral analysis. The Base scenario represents a likely situation of future development, but many alternatives are possible. To explore this range of alternatives, a systematic uncertainty analysis is performed. The Base scenario also represents an extrapolation of current policies and social and economic trends. As such, it is not necessarily the economically optimal future course for Chinese energy development. To explore this issue, an optimization analysis is performed. For further understanding of developing Chinese energy system and reducing CO{sub 2} emissions, a Chinese energy system model with 84 supply and demand technologies has been constructed in MARKAL, a computer LP optimization program for energy systems. Using this model, various technological options and economic aspects of energy development and CO{sub 2} emissions reduction in China during the 1985-2020 period are examined.

  18. Trans-media strategies of appropriation, narrativization, and visualization : adaptations of literature in a century of Chinese cinema

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Qin, Liyan

    2007-01-01

    Andre. “Adaptation, or the Cinema as Digest. ” In Filmand Contemporary Chinese Cinema. New York: Columbia UP,135. Clark, Paul. Chinese Cinema: Culture and Politics since

  19. Inside the circle, outside the square : analysis of traditional Chinese architecture

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chang Sing, Pamela Grace

    1983-01-01

    This thesis deals with a process of analyzing specific examples in traditional Chinese architecture in an attempt to understand and identify the underlying principles that make it essentially Chinese. The basic intent is ...

  20. Waiting for the Unicorn: Perception of Time and History in Early Chinese Writings

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gibas, Piotr Pawel

    2009-01-01

    C. , “Narratives in Tso Chuan. ” HJAS, vol. 37. no. 2 (composition et la date du Tso-chuan. ” Mélanges chinois etChinese Narrative: The Tso-chuan as Example. ” In Chinese

  1. Journey to the East : the re(make) of Chinese animation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Huang, He, S.M. Massachusetts Institute of Technology

    2007-01-01

    This thesis attempts to look at how Chinese animation cinema has evolved over the years and how the Chinese nation is being constructed and contested through animation filmic texts and animation filmmaking practices as ...

  2. Somatic Complaints and Chinese-American Adolescents: Examining the Role of Parent-child Relationships 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kao, Grace Sung-Tzu

    2013-06-05

    contributed to the limited existing research on self-regulatory abilities as mechanisms that may explain the linkage between Chinese-American parenting styles and adolescent somatization. A community sample of Chinese-American parent-adolescent dyads (N= 104...

  3. Analysis of investment prospects for Chinese private equity firms in the U.S. market

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wang, Huifeng, S.M. Massachusetts Institute of Technology

    2015-01-01

    With the wealth and experience accumulated during the past decade, Chinese private equity (PE) firms have emerged as active investors in cross-border acquisition deals. Ambitious global expansion plans of Chinese companies ...

  4. Chinese Students’ Attitudes towards Varieties of English: an Edinburgh Case Study 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lu, Xiaoying

    2012-11-28

    This study investigates attitudes of Chinese students in Edinburgh towards different varieties of English. This study addresses three research questions: (1) Do Chinese students in Edinburgh prefer certain varieties of English and do they accept non...

  5. Redefining “Immigrants”: The Transmigrant Educational Experience of 1.5-Generation Chinese youth

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Liu, Xiangyan

    2015-01-01

    education of the only child generation in urban China. In I.W. M. (1990). The “1.5 generation”: A paragon of Korean–Chinese-immigrant and second- generation Chinese students’

  6. The Question-asking Behavior of Five Chinese International Students: A Case Study 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chu, Yiting

    2012-07-16

    American professors better understand the unique learning styles of their Chinese students and inform institution administrators to improve the services for international students. The results may also help Chinese students adapt to the American educational...

  7. Energy Department Advances Market Access for U.S. Firms in Chinese...

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    Energy Department Advances Market Access for U.S. Firms in Chinese Energy Efficiency Sector Energy Department Advances Market Access for U.S. Firms in Chinese Energy Efficiency...

  8. DOE and Chinese Ministry of Science and Technology Co-Host First...

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    DOE and Chinese Ministry of Science and Technology Co-Host First Ever Electric Vehicle Forum DOE and Chinese Ministry of Science and Technology Co-Host First Ever Electric Vehicle...

  9. Structure of Chinese Herbal-based Medicine Captured by ATP on...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Structure of Chinese Herbal-based Medicine Captured by ATP on a Human tRNA Synthetase Thursday, October 31, 2013 For thousands of years the Chinese have been using the Chang Shan...

  10. How knowledge of context and radicals influences a person's ability to learn to read Chinese characters

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kortz, Tanya M

    2012-01-01

    Learning a new language is not always easy. This is particularly the case for native English speakers, who are used to letters combining to form words and tones expressing emotion, trying to learn Chinese. Mandarin Chinese ...

  11. The Lure of Chinese State Capitalism in Latin America: Influence, Investments and Imports

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Narins, Thomas Peter

    2015-01-01

    MBendi. 2007. “Peru-Mining: Iron Ore Mining. ” http://Chinese mining company that owns the largest iron producing

  12. Producing China's Innovative Entrepreneurship: Nationalism, Cultural Practices, and Subject-Making of Transnational Chinese Professionals

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chen, Kun

    2011-01-01

    the most influential technology blogs in the Western media,professionals. Chinese technology blogs and Internet portals

  13. Aalborg Universitet Intelligent DC Microgrid Living Laboratories -A Chinese-Danish Project

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Vasquez, Juan Carlos

    Aalborg Universitet Intelligent DC Microgrid Living Laboratories - A Chinese-Danish Project Diaz Microgrid Living Laboratories - A Chinese-Danish Project. In IEEE ICDCM 2015. IEEE Press. General rights.aau.dk on: juli 07, 2015 #12;Intelligent DC Microgrid Living Laboratories - A Chinese-Danish Project Enrique

  14. Chinese American Faculty Association of Southern California (CAFA) Newsletter, January 16, 2001

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chang, Tu-nan

    Chinese American Faculty Association of Southern California (CAFA) Newsletter, January 16, 2001! As your President and President-elect of the Chinese American Faculty Association of Southern California research findings on "Viral Hepatitis and Liver Cancer: Scourges of the Chinese?" We need your help

  15. THE DISSOCIATION BETWEEN NOUNS AND VERBS IN BROCA'S AND WERNICKE'S APHASIA: FINDINGS FROM CHINESE

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    THE DISSOCIATION BETWEEN NOUNS AND VERBS IN BROCA'S AND WERNICKE'S APHASIA: FINDINGS FROM CHINESE: FINDINGS FROM CHINESE Sylvia Chen and Elizabeth Bates Abstract Studies in English and Italian have shown, independent of their semantic content). In Chinese, many words are compounds with a complex internal structure

  16. A Chinese Remainder Theorem Approach to Bit-Parallel GF(2n

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    International Association for Cryptologic Research (IACR)

    1 A Chinese Remainder Theorem Approach to Bit-Parallel GF(2n ) Polynomial Basis Multipliers this representation and the Chinese Remainder Theorem, we design bit-parallel GF(2n ) multipliers for irreducible basis, the Chinese Remainder Theorem. I. INTRODUCTION Finite field GF(2n ) multipliers can be classified

  17. An Introduction of Chinese Lunar Explorarion Program Z. Yue 1, 2, 3 , Z. Ouyang3

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Texas at San Antonio, University of

    An Introduction of Chinese Lunar Explorarion Program Z. Yue 1, 2, 3 , H. Xie2 , J. Liu3 , Z. Ouyang, TX 78249, U.S.A.,3 National Astronomical Observatories Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing, Beijing 100012, China., yuezongyu1980@163.com Background: In 1994, Chinese scientists from several institutions

  18. Structural Equivalence Between Co-occurrences of Characters and Words in the Chinese Language

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tse, Chi K. "Michael"

    Structural Equivalence Between Co-occurrences of Characters and Words in the Chinese Language are constructed for studying the co-occurrence of characters and words in the Chinese language. Two types of networks are investigated. In the first type, nodes correspond to Chinese characters, and in the second

  19. BASIC SCIENCE Cross-Clade CD8 T-Cell Responses to HIVIIIB and Chinese B

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lieberman, Judy

    BASIC SCIENCE Cross-Clade CD8 T-Cell Responses to HIVIIIB and Chinese B and C/B Viruses in North American and Chinese HIV-Seropositive Donors Vanessa Franc¸ois-Bongarcon, BS,* Yi Feng, MS, Sang-Kyung Lee American donors and 4 Chi- nese donors. IFN- production in response to HIVIIIB or the Chinese viruses

  20. Chinese Sentence Generation in a KnowledgeBased Machine Translation System

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Spirtes, Peter

    Chinese Sentence Generation in a Knowledge­Based Machine Translation System Tangqiu Li, Eric H presents a technique for generating Chinese sentences from the Interlingua expressions used in the KANT knowledge­based machine translation system. Chinese sentences are generated directly from the semantic

  1. Why Study Chinese? China is the world's most dynamic economy, with

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Saldin, Dilano

    Why Study Chinese? China is the world's most dynamic economy, with 7-9% annual growth of GDP. China languages of the United Nations and is also spoken by many overseas Chinese people from all around the world. All in all, about one-fifth of the people in the world speak some form of Chinese as their native

  2. On Closed Task of Chinese Word Segmentation: An Improved CRF Model Coupled with Character Clustering and

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chu, Hao-hua

    On Closed Task of Chinese Word Segmentation: An Improved CRF Model Coupled with Character,yabt,clsung,hongjie,hsu}@iis.sinica.edu.tw Abstract This paper addresses two major prob- lems in closed task of Chinese word segmentation (CWS): tagging sentences interspersed with non-Chinese words, and long named entity (NE) identifica- tion

  3. Chinese Science: a Flexible Response to the West? Peter C. Perdue

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Elman, Benjamin

    Chinese Science: a Flexible Response to the West? Peter C. Perdue Received: 9 February 2007 technology. Most Chinese and Western readers probably still believe that, with a few excep- tions, Confucian, but placed the other planets orbiting the sun. Chinese interested in modern astronomy thus only received

  4. Design of Chinese HPSG Framework for Data-Driven Parsing Xiangli Wang

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Design of Chinese HPSG Framework for Data-Driven Parsing * Xiangli Wang a , Shunya Iwasawa languages. We aim at exploring a data-driven Chinese parser, by basing it on Head-driven Phrase Structure Grammar (HPSG). Unlike for English, there is still no available Chinese HPSG framework. As the first step

  5. The Chinese brake fern (Pteris vittata L.), native to China, is widely naturalized in

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ma, Lena

    The Chinese brake fern (Pteris vittata L.), native to China, is widely naturalized in many areas and anatomical aspects of Chinese brake fern (Pteris vittata; Pteridaceae) Bhaskar Bondada1, Cong Tu, and Lena Ma-0290, U.S.A.; e-mail: lqma@ifas.ufl.edu). Sur- face structure and anatomical aspects of Chinese brake fern

  6. Mineral magnetic study of the Taklimakan desert sands and its relevance to the Chinese loess

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Utrecht, Universiteit

    Mineral magnetic study of the Taklimakan desert sands and its relevance to the Chinese loess M and weathered loess sections from the Chinese Loess Plateau. We found an apparent decreasing grain size trend it is located more than 2000 km west of the central Loess Plateau. Key words: Chinese loess, magnetic

  7. Curriculum Vitae of Dr Shuzhong Zhang Family Name: Zhang (in Chinese: )

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zhang, Shuzhong

    March 2010 Curriculum Vitae of Dr Shuzhong Zhang Family Name: Zhang (in Chinese: ) Given Name: Shuzhong (in Chinese: ) Date of Birth: October 20, 1963 Office Address: Room 508, William M.W. Mong Engineering Building Department of Systems Engineering & Engineering Management The Chinese University of Hong

  8. Chinese Journal of Oceanology and Limnology Vol. 28 No. 5, P. 1055-1067, 2010

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Xie, Shang-Ping

    Chinese Journal of Oceanology and Limnology Vol. 28 No. 5, P. 1055-1067, 2010 DOI: 10.1007/s00343 Dynamics, South China Sea Institute of Oceanology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Guangzhou 510301, China 2 Jan. 29, 2010; revision accepted Jun. 2, 2010 © Chinese Society for Oceanology and Limnology, Science

  9. CHINESE INPUT SYSTEM WITH ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE Cemputer-Aided Instruction Laboratories, Institute of Educat-

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    CHINESE INPUT SYSTEM WITH ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE Fang Qian Cemputer-Aided Instruction Laboratories of Chinese Language Processing Systems commercially available around the world, of which the main divergence is probably in the input approaches of Chinese characters. But due to the following two facts none

  10. Japanese-Chinese Cross-Language Information Retrieval: An Interlingua Approach

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    59 Japanese-Chinese Cross-Language Information Retrieval: An Interlingua Approach Md. Maruf Hasan) ideographic language information (Chinese-like ideographic languages). The information available in non-English alphabetic languages as well as in ideographic languages (especially, in Japanese and Chinese) is growing

  11. Chinese Journal of Oceanology and Limnology Vol. 27 No. 3, P. 600-606, 2009

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Li, Tim

    Chinese Journal of Oceanology and Limnology Vol. 27 No. 3, P. 600-606, 2009 DOI: 10.1007/s00343 Jingzhi (),,** , ZHANG Renhe () , LI Tim , RONG Xinyao () Chinese Academy of Meteorological Sciences, Beijing 100081, China Nansen-Zhu International Research Centre, Institute of Atmospheric Physics, Chinese

  12. IS THE DRAGON LEARNING TO FLY? AN ANALYSIS OF THE CHINESE PATENT EXPLOSION

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Goldschmidt, Christina

    IS THE DRAGON LEARNING TO FLY? AN ANALYSIS OF THE CHINESE PATENT EXPLOSION Markus EBERHARDT of the recent explosion of patent filings by Chinese firms both in China and the United States. We construct a firm-level dataset by matching USPTO and SIPO patents to Chinese manufacturing census data

  13. A Bottom-up Merging Algorithm for Chinese Unknown Word Extraction

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    A Bottom-up Merging Algorithm for Chinese Unknown Word Extraction Wei-Yun Ma Institute, Academia Sinica kchen@iis.sinica.edu.tw Abstract Statistical methods for extracting Chinese unknown words of characters with no delimiters to mark word boundaries. Therefore the initial step for Chinese processing

  14. An Automated Evaluation Metric for Chinese Text Entry

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jiang, Mike Tian-Jian; Lin, Jaimie; Lin, Jerry; Hsu, Wen-Lien

    2007-01-01

    In this paper, we propose an automated evaluation metric for text entry. We also consider possible improvements to existing text entry evaluation metrics, such as the minimum string distance error rate, keystrokes per character, cost per correction, and a unified approach proposed by MacKenzie, so they can accommodate the special characteristics of Chinese text. Current methods lack an integrated concern about both typing speed and accuracy for Chinese text entry evaluation. Our goal is to remove the bias that arises due to human factors. First, we propose a new metric, called the correction penalty (P), based on Fitts' law and Hick's law. Next, we transform it into the approximate amortized cost (AAC) of information theory. An analysis of the AAC of Chinese text input methods with different context lengths is also presented.

  15. Development Development

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Programme 2007 - 2010 The aim of the Timber Development Programme (TDP) is "to contribute to the sustainable development to underpin sustainable forest management and support economic growth and employment acrossDevelopment Timber Development Programme 2007 - 2010 #12;2 | Timber Development Programme 2007

  16. Selected Translated Abstracts of Chinese-Language Climate Change Publications

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Cushman, R.M.; Burtis, M.D.

    1999-05-01

    This report contains English-translated abstracts of important Chinese-language literature concerning global climate change for the years 1995-1998. This body of literature includes the topics of adaptation, ancient climate change, climate variation, the East Asia monsoon, historical climate change, impacts, modeling, and radiation and trace-gas emissions. In addition to the biological citations and abstracts translated into English, this report presents the original citations and abstracts in Chinese. Author and title indexes are included to assist the reader in locating abstracts of particular interest.

  17. Chinese Journal of Natural Medicines 2015, 13(1): 0001-0002 Network pharmacology: A new approach to unveiling

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gu, Jin

    ­ 1 ­ Chinese Journal of Natural Medicines 2015, 13(1): 0001-0002 Chinese Journal of Natural Medicines Network pharmacology: A new approach to unveiling Traditional Chinese Medicine WU Xiao-Ming1 , WU 20 Jan. 2015 Traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) has thousands- years of history in using herbal

  18. The function of DE in Chinese RCs Zanhui Huang

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Le or Guo occurs. Keywords: De, relative clause, event variable, realis 1 Introduction In Chinese such as Dou, Zong, Hai and Zhi occur in a RC where bare verbs can denote past events. Sometimes the sentences are without Le or Guo, are either odd (4a) or acceptable but has nothing to do with past events (5a, 6a, 7a

  19. Resources for Chinese-English Cross-Language IR

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Oard, Doug

    1 Resources for Chinese-English Cross-Language IR Douglas W. Oard College of Library supported in part by DARPA contract N6600197C8540 #12;2 Part I. Introduction Specific evaluation criteria for resource selection and for gap analysis to focus additional search for specific resources that could

  20. Clean Energy Solutions Center Services (Chinese Translation) (Fact Sheet)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    2014-04-01

    This is the Chinese language translation of the Clean Energy Solutions Center (Solutions Center) fact sheet. The Solutions Center helps governments, advisors and analysts create policies and programs that advance the deployment of clean energy technologies. The Solutions Center partners with international organizations to provide online training, expert assistance, and technical resources on clean energy policy.

  1. Chinese Workers: Under Threat or a Threat to American Workers?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Harper Ho, Virginia E.; Zhang, Lu

    2010-07-01

    there is still substantial inequality, in part a result of the maintenance of the household registration system. The adoption of labor laws has empowered Chinese workers, leading to better conditions in some enterprises and greater activism on the part of workers...

  2. Chinese Word Segmentation in MSR-NLP Microsoft Research

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chinese Word Segmentation in MSR-NLP Andi Wu Microsoft Research One Microsoft Way, Redmond, WA 98052 andiwu@microsoft.com Abstract Word segmentation in MSR-NLP is an in- tegral part of a sentence analyzer which includes basic segmentation, derivational morphology, named entity recognition, new word

  3. "Chineseness" and Tongzhi in (Post)colonial Diasporic Hong Kong 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wat, Chi Ch'eng

    2012-02-14

    In this thesis, I examine how colonial constructs on Chinese culture affects people's views toward sexual minorities in Hong Kong. In the first Chapter, I explain the shift of my research focus after I started my research. I also conduct a brief...

  4. Sample Course Curriculum:Chinese Medicine Clinical Rotation at Shanghai Jiao Tong University, School of Medicine Dates Time Room Activities Instructors Location/Hospitals

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bushman, Frederic

    Sample Course Curriculum:Chinese Medicine Clinical Rotation at Shanghai Jiao Tong University.Outline of Traditional Chinese Drug (1) 1. Program Director 2. Jianzhong Xu Office of Chinese Medicine 2 Chinese Medicine (1) Dr. Kunlun Wu Department of Chinese Medicine, Gongli Hospital 6/22 9-11 am #15

  5. Androgynous Beauty, Virtual Community: Stardom, Fandom and Chinese Reality Shows under Globalization

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Xiao, Hui Faye

    2012-01-01

    the cultural binaries of “Chinese versus the foreign Other” as gender dichotomies. Th e warm reception of Li’s androgynous image among global Chinese communities revealed constant border-cross- ing cultural fl ows and integrations in the East Asian region... Androgynous Beauty, Virtual Sisterhood Stardom, Fandom, and Chinese Talent Shows under Globalization hui faye xiao In the future, everyone will be world-famous for 15 minutes. —Andy Warhol, exhibition catalog (1968) [P]opular culture always has its base...

  6. Concepts of the Border in the Russian and Chinese Social Imaginaries

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bille, Franck

    2012-01-01

    of Chinese expansion are also prevalent on Sakhalin Island, despite the presence of only a few hundred ????????ť??????????????????????3 suggesting that the cause of these anxieties 2 Dyatlov points out that these perceptions have often been consciously... manipulated by ???ť????ť?Ť????ť?????Ź??????????????????????Ť?????ť????????????? 3 In Sakhalin’s capital, public demonstrations against Chinese encroachment led to sweeping raids being carried out, but these raids produced barely a dozen Chinese Frontiers...

  7. The design and implementation of the courseware for a chinese tutoring machine 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tsang, Sung-Hang

    1985-01-01

    of the courseware for the Chinese Tutoring )4achine and how students are guided to learn conversational Chinese. Two lessons for the Chinese Tutoring (aachine were implemented in the prototype system described in Cheng (1984). Feedback from the students who... is basically a derivative of the mastery learning strategy (Johnson, 1981). According to the mastery learning strategy, students are tested for their mastery of the subject material and the teaching method may vary until mastery is achieved. New lesson...

  8. From Socialist Ethics to Legal Ethics: Legal Ethics, Professional Conduct, and the Chinese Legal Profession

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Benton, Leland

    2011-01-01

    of the Chinese legal profession considering the rapidityregulations upon which the profession relies are changing.Independence of the Legal Profession, and Government

  9. Redefining “Immigrants”: The Transmigrant Educational Experience of 1.5-Generation Chinese youth

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Liu, Xiangyan

    2015-01-01

    of Southeast Asian American education. Review of EducationalThe early childhood education of the only child generationEpstein (Ed. ), Chinese education: Problems, policies, and

  10. Queerness and Chinese modernity : the politics of reading between East and East

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wong, Alvin Ka Hin

    2012-01-01

    Critical Interventions, Cinematic Reconfigurations, and theparticular textual, cinematic, and new media connectionsI observe a recurring cinematic depiction of Chinese gay men

  11. Excellence through General Education: The Status of General Education Reform in Chinese Universities

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Liao, Xuehong

    2012-01-01

    of General Education Reform in Two Chinese Universities”.of general education reform. Change, 29(4), 18- AssociationGlobalization and educational reforms in Anglo-American

  12. The operand-order effect in single-digit multiplication: An ERP study of Chinese adults

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chen, C; Zhou, X; Chen, C; Zhang, H; Zhou, R; Dong, Q

    2007-01-01

    observed in many auditory ERP experiments [10,] I] and thedigit multiplication: An ERP study ofChinese adults, +Modelsource localization with the ERP technique is not precise.

  13. The Lure of Chinese State Capitalism in Latin America: Influence, Investments and Imports

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Narins, Thomas Peter

    2015-01-01

    Brazil during the 2003-2010 commodity boom years, while a very real draw for in-bound Chinese direct investment

  14. HUMAN FACTORS AND LINGUISTIC CONSIDERATIONS: KEYS TO HIGH-SPEED CHINESE CHARACTER INPUT

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    , namely, a commercial Chinese typist with junior middle school education who would regularly be typing. Introduction For Chinese character input to computers, a Cornell research team has approached the problem from on Wang Yun-yu's four-corner numbering system has best demonstrat- ed, in the opinion of the Cornell team

  15. Extraction of Translation Unit from Chinese-English Parallel Corpora CHANG Baobao

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Extraction of Translation Unit from Chinese-English Parallel Corpora CHANG Baobao Institute and Wolfgang TEUBERT Centre for Corpus Linguistics Birmingham University, Birmingham, B15 2TT United Kingdom. This paper examines how Chinese English translation units could be extracted from parallel corpus

  16. Chinese-English Code-switching in Blogs by Macao Young People 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    San, Hong Ka

    2009-11-26

    This paper attempts to investigate Chinese-English code-switching behaviour present in blogs (a kind of computer-mediated communication) belonging to young people in Macao. The first goal of this study is to describe the patterns of Chinese...

  17. Chinese Trade Reforms, Market Access and Foreign Competition: the Patterns of French Exporters

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    Chinese Trade Reforms, Market Access and Foreign Competition: the Patterns of French Exporters on firms' export patterns: (i) ex- pansion of export opportunities for foreign firms exporting exports react to an exogenous variation in Chinese import tariff cuts relative to tariff changes in other

  18. How to Manage the Chinese Coal Value Chain by Kevin Jianjun Tu

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    at the China Huaneng Group Clean Energy Technology Research Institute, Wang Jinnan at the Chinese AcademyI How to Manage the Chinese Coal Value Chain by Kevin Jianjun Tu Carnegie Endowment enormously from speakers and participants at two US-China Coal Value Chain Exchanges, especially Ni Weido, Li

  19. Chinese Number-Names, Tree Adjoining Languages, and Mild Context-Sensitivity

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    language. We show in this paper that the number-name system of Chinese is generated neither argumentations can serve as a basis for demonstrating that the NLs in question are generated neither by TAGs nor of Chinese, specifically of the Mandarin dialect, is neither a single- nor a multiple-component TAL,1 raising

  20. More Chinese Women Engaged in Physics Women graduate students in china's top research institution for physics suddenly

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zexian, Cao

    1 More Chinese Women Engaged in Physics Women graduate students in china's top research institution preferably labeled with `Xiansheng', a Chinese word that once referred to teacher of both genders that worries Chinese academic circles. In the CAS Institute of Physics at Beijing, the top institution

  1. Chinese Word Segmentation with Minimal Linguistic Knowledge: An Improved Conditional Random Fields Coupled with Character Clustering and

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chen, Sheng-Wei

    Chinese Word Segmentation with Minimal Linguistic Knowledge: An Improved Conditional Random Fields addresses three major problems of closed task Chinese word segmentation (CWS): word overlap, tagging sentences interspersed with non-Chinese words, and long named entity (NE) identification. For the first, we

  2. CHINESE JOURNAL OF CHEMICAL PHYSICS VOLUME 22, NUMBER 6 DECEMBER 27, 2009 Quantitative Surface Chirality Detection with Sum Frequency Generation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Liu, Shilin

    CHINESE JOURNAL OF CHEMICAL PHYSICS VOLUME 22, NUMBER 6 DECEMBER 27, 2009 ARTICLE Quantitative of Molecular Reaction Dynamics, Institute of Chemistry, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100190, China the chiral Part of the special issue for "the Chinese Chemical Society's 11th National Chemical Dynamics

  3. CHINESE JOURNAL OF CHEMICAL PHYSICS VOLUME 21, NUMBER 4 AUGUST 27, 2008 Vibrational Spectra and Adsorption of Trisiloxane Superspreading

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Liu, Shilin

    CHINESE JOURNAL OF CHEMICAL PHYSICS VOLUME 21, NUMBER 4 AUGUST 27, 2008 ARTICLE Vibrational Spectra, State Key Laboratory of Molecular Reaction Dynamics, Institute of Chemistry, Chinese Academy of Sciences hydrophobic surfaces [2]. One of the com- Also graduate student of the Graduate University of the Chinese

  4. Elman / Contemporary Chinese Intellectual History 371 Eighteenth-Century Studies, vol. 43, no. 3 (2010) Pp. 37191.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Elman, Benjamin

    2010-01-01

    Elman / Contemporary Chinese Intellectual History 371 Eighteenth-Century Studies, vol. 43, no. 3 (2010) Pp. 371­91. The Failures oF ConTemporary Chinese inTelleCTual hisTory1 Benjamin A. Elman Prologue for elite Chinese males. Moreover, passing the civil service examinations required for becoming an official

  5. 2044 Chinese Science Bulletin Vol. 45 No. 22 November 2000 Protein functional-group 3D motif and its applications

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ye, Yuzhen

    2044 Chinese Science Bulletin Vol. 45 No. 22 November 2000 Protein functional-group 3D motif and its applications YE Yuzhen, XIE Tao & DING Dafu Shanghai Institute of Biochemistry, Chinese Academy is more sensitive for protein function prediction. #12;NOTES Chinese Science Bulletin Vol. 45 No. 22

  6. Chinese Perspective as a Rational System: Relationship to Panofsky's Symbolic Form Christopher W. Tyler and Chien-Chung Chen

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chen, Chein Chung

    1 Chinese Perspective as a Rational System: Relationship to Panofsky's Symbolic Form Christopher W at the use of geometric perspective in Chinese art through the millennia. Although its use is often considered to be disorganized and uniformed, Chinese perspective is seen to follow well-prescribed principles

  7. VISIT OF A CHINESE DELEGATION TO FABI On Friday 28 September 2007 a high level Forestry Science and Technology

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    VISIT OF A CHINESE DELEGATION TO FABI On Friday 28 September 2007 a high level Forestry Science at FABI and members of the Chinese delegation will further strengthen the formal and informal research collaborative efforts that have already been established. The Chinese delegation with members of FABI #12;The

  8. Construction of a Patent Database of Chinese Listed Companies and a First Look at their Patenting Activities

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sekhon, Jasjeet S.

    1 Construction of a Patent Database of Chinese Listed Companies and a First Look at their Patenting Activities Abstract Although China is now the largest patent filing country in the world, there is little firm- level research using Chinese patents due to potential difficulties in integrating Chinese patent

  9. Institutional challenges and leadership competencies in Chinese Ministry of Education directed universities in implementing the 1999 Chinese action scheme for invigorating education towards the 21st century 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yang, Xiaobo

    2006-04-12

    This study used the naturalistic inquiry method to explore the perceptions of the selected administrators from Chinese Ministry of Education Directed universities regarding what kind of institutional challenges their institutions confront and how...

  10. Modelling Chinese Smart Grid: A Stochastic Model Checking Case Study

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yüksel, Ender; Nielson, Flemming; Zhu, Huibiao; Huang, Heqing

    2012-01-01

    Cyber-physical systems integrate information and communication technology functions to the physical elements of a system for monitoring and controlling purposes. The conversion of traditional power grid into a smart grid, a fundamental example of a cyber-physical system, raises a number of issues that require novel methods and applications. In this context, an important issue is the verification of certain quantitative properties of the system. In this technical report, we consider a specific Chinese Smart Grid implementation and try to address the verification problem for certain quantitative properties including performance and battery consumption. We employ stochastic model checking approach and present our modelling and analysis study using PRISM model checker.

  11. Cost Studies of Borrowing & Subscriptions:Chinese Dissertations Theses

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Doll, Vickie; Bolick, Hsi-chu

    2013-03-21

    stream_size 11444 stream_content_type text/plain stream_name Borrowing_subscriptions_more_vDoll_hBolick (short).pdf.txt stream_source_info Borrowing_subscriptions_more_vDoll_hBolick (short).pdf.txt Content-Encoding UTF-8 Content...-Type text/plain; charset=UTF-8 Cost Studies: Borrowing & Subscription 3/21/2013 Doll and Bolick 1 Cost Studies of Borrowing & Subscriptions Chinese Dissertations/Theses Hsi?chu Bolick (U of North Carolina) Vickie Doll (U of Kansas) March 21...

  12. Cultural values and aging in Chinese television commercials

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zhang, Yan Bing; Song, Yi; Carver, Christy Leilani Jensen

    2008-01-01

    connotations of being physically weak or incompetent (e.g., sick, feeble and fragile) in both the Western and Eastern contexts albeit positive perceptions also exist (Kite, Deaux, & Miele, 1991; Hummert, Garstka, Shaner, & Strahm, 1994; Zhang, Hummert..., 49, 240-249. Ji, M. F., & McNeal, J. U. (2001). How Chinese children’s commercials differ from those of the United States: A content analysis. Journal of Advertising, 3, 79-92. Kite, M. E., Deaux, K., & Miele, M. (1991). Stereotypes of old...

  13. Nanyang Chinese National Salvation Movement, 1937-1941

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Akashi, Yoji

    1970-01-01

    began in 1924 to establish its network in Nanyang Hua-ch'iao communities. By the time the Second Party Congress met in 1926, the KMT had set up headquarters in Burma, French Indochina, Nanyang (Malaya-Dutch Indies), the Philippines, 3 FIGURE 1 A... Guinea, Celebes, and Malay Peninsula, Burma, Siam, and Indo-China."33 After the consummation of the KMT-Communist united front, Communist parties and their affiliates in Southeast Asia were increasingly oriented toward the Chinese Communist Party.34...

  14. Reduce Air Infiltration in Furnaces (English/Chinese) (Fact Sheet)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    2011-10-01

    Chinese translation of the Reduce Air Infiltration in Furnaces fact sheet. Provides suggestions on how to improve furnace energy efficiency. Fuel-fired furnaces discharge combustion products through a stack or a chimney. Hot furnace gases are less dense and more buoyant than ambient air, so they rise, creating a differential pressure between the top and the bottom of the furnace. This differential, known as thermal head, is the source of a natural draft or negative pressure in furnaces and boilers. A well-designed furnace (or boiler) is built to avoid air leakage into the furnace or leakage of flue gases from the furnace to the ambient. However, with time, most furnaces develop cracks or openings around doors, joints, and hearth seals. These openings (leaks) usually appear small compared with the overall dimensions of the furnace, so they are often ignored. The negative pressure created by the natural draft (or use of an induced-draft fan) in a furnace draws cold air through the openings (leaks) and into the furnace. The cold air becomes heated to the furnace exhaust gas temperature and then exits through the flue system, wasting valuable fuel. It might also cause excessive oxidation of metals or other materials in the furnaces. The heat loss due to cold air leakage resulting from the natural draft can be estimated if you know four major parameters: (1) The furnace or flue gas temperature; (2) The vertical distance H between the opening (leak) and the point where the exhaust gases leave the furnace and its flue system (if the leak is along a vertical surface, H will be an average value); (3) The area of the leak, in square inches; and (4) The amount of operating time the furnace spends at negative pressure. Secondary parameters that affect the amount of air leakage include these: (1) The furnace firing rate; (2) The flue gas velocity through the stack or the stack cross-section area; (3) The burner operating conditions (e.g., excess air, combustion air temperature, and so on). For furnaces or boilers using an induced-draft (ID) fan, the furnace negative pressure depends on the fan performance and frictional losses between the fan inlet and the point of air leakage. In most cases, it would be necessary to measure or estimate negative pressure at the opening. The amount of air leakage, the heat lost in flue gases, and their effects on increased furnace or boiler fuel consumption can be calculated by using the equations and graphs given in Industrial Furnaces (see W. Trinks et al., below). Note that the actual heat input required to compensate for the heat loss in flue gases due to air leakage would be greater than the heat contained in the air leakage because of the effect of available heat in the furnace. For a high-temperature furnace that is not maintained properly, the fuel consumption increase due to air leakage can be as high as 10% of the fuel input.

  15. 2012 Chinese Journal of Catalysis Vol. 33 No. 10 : 0253-9837(2012)10-1706-06 DOI: 10.3724/SP.J.1088.2012.20617 : 17061711

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Li, Weixue

    2012-01-01

    of Catalysis, Dalian Institute of Chemical Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Dalian 116023, Liaoning, China

  16. ORIGINAL PAPER Economic development, urban expansion, and sustainable

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wei, Yehua Dennis

    ORIGINAL PAPER Economic development, urban expansion, and sustainable development in Shanghai Wenze-Verlag 2012 Abstract Studies of urbanization effects in Chinese cities from the aspect of the coupled urban expansion and examined the dynamic relationship between economic growth and envi- ronment

  17. Pressurized pyrolysis and gasification of Chinese typical coal samples

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hanping Chen; Zhiwu Luo; Haiping Yang; Fudong Ju; Shihong Zhang [Huazhong University of Science and Technology, Wuhan (China). State Key Laboratory of Coal Combustion

    2008-03-15

    This paper aims to understand the pyrolysis and gasification behavior of different Chinese coal samples at different pressures. First, the pyrolysis of four typical Chinese coals samples (Xiaolongtan brown coal, Shenfu bituminous coal, Pingzhai anthracite coal, and Heshan lean coal) were carried out using a pressurized thermogravimetric analyzer at ambient pressure and 3 MPa, respectively. The surface structure and elemental component of the resultant char were measured with an automated gas adsorption apparatus and element analyzer. It was observed that higher pressure suppressed the primary pyrolysis, while the secondary pyrolysis of coal particles was promoted. With respect to the resultant solid char, the carbon content increased while H content decreased; however, the pore structure varied greatly with increasing pressure for different coal samples. For Xiaolongtan brown coal (XLT) char, it decreased greatly, while it increased obviously for the other three char types. Then, the isothermal gasification behavior of solid char particles was investigated using an ambient thermal analyzer with CO{sub 2} as the gasifying agent at 1000{sup o}C. The gasification reactivity of solid char was decreased greatly with increasing pyrolysis pressure. However, the extent of change displayed a vital relation with the characteristics of the original coal sample. 26 refs., 5 figs., 5 tabs.

  18. Resources and capabilities in high-tech enterpreneurship : a study of two generations of Chinese startups

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Xu, Lin, 1964 May 1-

    2002-01-01

    By examining the origin and growth dynamics of two generations of high-tech startups in China's information technology sectors, this study presents empirical research on how Chinese technology startup companies, despite ...

  19. Factors Influencing Career Experiences of Selected Chinese Faculty Employed at a Research Extensive University in Texas 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zhang, Yan

    2010-10-12

    Whereas research related to the experience of faculty of color is increasing, little attention has been focused on Chinese faculty's career experience in the United States. The purpose of this study was: (1) to identify ...

  20. Utterance final lengthening and focus induced lengthening in standard Chinese bi-syllabic words 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chen, Hongjuan

    2006-01-01

    This paper examines the patterns of durational adjustment of bi-syllabic words in Standard Chinese when different constituents of the word are focused for correction. Results show that both focus-induced lengthening and ...

  1. Transmission of cultural values in the production of EFL textbooks for the Chinese primary curriculum 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Li, Jingyi

    2012-06-29

    In the global world, cultural issues relating to the subject of English as Foreign Language (EFL) have become important. This is especially the case when considering the EFL curriculum for Chinese Primary Education. Many ...

  2. The Chinese Chang'e Lunar Exploration Project and Its Management Structure

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    LU, Hanlu

    2012-01-01

    the late 1990s in its space megaproject, which includes theON THE CHINESE SPACE MEGAPROJECT Central Special Committeegrouped into one single megaproject that was launched in the

  3. THE GLOBALIzATION OF CHINESE SCIENCE: A THREAT OR AN

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zhu, Chen

    the United states and Great Britain (thomson reuters 2011). my geochemist colleagues coming back from way ahead of time in the West, Chinese conferences are organized on ridiculously short notice

  4. Economic statecraft with Chinese characteristics : the use of commercial actors in China's grand strategy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Norris, William J., Ph. D. Massachusetts Institute of Technology

    2010-01-01

    This study is about Chinese economic statecraft: what it is, how it works and why it is more or less effective. The study builds a theory of economic statecraft that provides an explanation of how states use firms to pursue ...

  5. 21G.101 / 21G.151 Chinese I (Regular), Spring 2006

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wheatley, Julian K.

    This subject is the first semester of two that form an introduction to modern standard Chinese, commonly called Mandarin. Though not everyone taking this course will be an absolute beginner, the course presupposes no prior ...

  6. Hollywood in China: The Chinese Reception of 'Titanic' as a Case Study

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dillon, Kaylin

    2015-05-31

    With China's increasingly globalized economy and Hollywood's notorious role in the global culture industry, scholars are taking particular interest in the effect of transnational commodification on Chinese culture. This paper studies...

  7. Peony transplanted: Pai Hsien-yung and the preservation of Chinese Kunqu 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wei, Zhou

    2011-11-22

    This dissertation examines the preservation of Chinese kunqu, one of China’s indigenous operatic genres, in recent years with a special focus on renowned writer Pai Hsien-yung’s new adaptation of classic kunqu play The ...

  8. How can Chinese low-cost carriers become successful and profitable

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zhan, Yu, S.M. Massachusetts Institute of Technology

    2015-01-01

    This thesis is a discussion of improvements Chinese Low-cost Carriers (LCCs) could make in order to become profitable and successful as their counterparts in Europe and the United States. China is Asia's latest LCC market ...

  9. Three Chinese Students’ Experiences of Taking On-line Courses in One American University 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yang, Xinyuan

    2012-10-19

    needs and expectations towards this new learning experience becomes critical. Chinese students are the second largest group of international students in the U.S., yet, studies on their learning needs and challenges in on-line learning are limited...

  10. Spelling English Words: Contributions of Phonological, Morphological and Orthographic Knowledge in Speakers of English and Chinese 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zhao, Jing

    2011-08-08

    of phonological, morphological and orthographic knowledge that may impact English spelling acquisition, among Chinese students learning English as a foreign language in Grade 8 (n = 339) in mainland China and native English-speaking students in Grade 3 (n = 166...

  11. Wage earnings of Chinese in the United States: individual and contextual determinants 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Qin, Bibin

    2006-04-12

    The objective of this dissertation is to identify both individual and contextual characteristics that may affect the wage earnings of Chinese in the U.S. labor market. The major individual characteristics include education, labor experience...

  12. Determinants of socioeconomic attainment of Chinese American women: a multilevel analysis 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Qin, Bibin

    2002-01-01

    The main objective of this study is to examine the effects of individual characteristics, labor market sectors and community (MSAs) characteristics on the earnings of Chinese American women using the 1990 5% PUMS data. The individual characteristics...

  13. Active Hypothermic Growth: A Novel Means For Increasing Total Interferon-? Production by Chinese Hamster Ovary Cells

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stephen R., Fox

    When grown under hypothermic conditions, Chinese Hamster Ovary (CHO) cells become growth arrested in the G?/G? phase of the cell cycle and also often exhibit increased recombinant protein production. In this study, we ...

  14. Cross Language Transfer and Foreign Language Learning Motivation in English and Chinese 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cho, Eunhee

    2014-11-12

    This dissertation investigated two issues: cross-language transfer among three typologically distant languages—Korean, English, and Chinese—and the language learning motivation of Korean students as it relates to two foreign languages...

  15. Cross-Space Consumption: Grassroots Transnationalism among Undocumented Chinese Immigrants in the United States

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zhou, Min; Li, Xiangyi

    2015-01-01

    Chinese History Study 2: Li, Xiangyi and Min Zhou. 2012. “647: 22-49. Zhou, Min and Xiangyi Li. 2015. “Remittances forSingapore / UCLA Xiangyi Li Sun Yat-sen University, China

  16. Low levels of cardiovascular risk factors and coronary heart disease in a UK Chinese population. 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Harland, J O; Unwin, Nigel; Bhopal, Raj; White, M; Watson, B; Laker, M; Alberti, K G

    1997-01-01

    OBJECTIVE: To compare the prevalence of cardiovascular risk factors and coronary heart disease in Chinese and Europid adults. DESIGN: Population based, cross sectional survey. SETTING: Newcastle upon Tyne, UK, 1991-93. ...

  17. Modernization and Post-1978 Chinese Educational Reform: Impact on a Migrating Population

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Deng, Weiling

    2013-01-01

    upon the new curricular reform in China. Curriculum,A. Park (Eds. ). Education and Reform in China, (pp. 27-43).in Chinese educational reform. Journal of Education Studies,

  18. The Enigma of the Stranger: The Chinese Filipino as Alien and Citizen

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gonzales, Gloria G.

    2013-01-01

    in this city. We don’t like aliens profiting from starvingWeb. Hau, Caroline S. “Alien Nation. ” Necessary Fictions:The Chinese Filipino as Alien and Citizen A Thesis submitted

  19. Nasal codas in Standard Chinese : a study in the framework of the distinctive feature theory

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mou, Xiaomin, 1977-

    2006-01-01

    Nasal codas in English and Standard Chinese (SC) are compared to distinguish between the acoustic correlates of language-universal distinctive features and language-specific enhancing attributes. The distinctive feature ...

  20. Anger Suppression and Depressive Symptoms among Chinese Women in the United States 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chen, Sylvia

    2010-01-14

    This study was designed to remedy the current lack of information on the causes of depression among Chinese women in the United States. It is based on an integrated understanding of depression, anger, female gender ...

  1. The Bui Dam impact on Ghana-China relations : transparency, accountability and development outcomes from China's Sino Hydro Dam Project in Ghana

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Habia, James K

    2009-01-01

    The current Afro-Chinese relations on development projects in Sub Saharan Africa has come under a lot of scrutiny, with some experts in the South-to-South relationship discourse claiming the above short-gun-marriage will ...

  2. Cultural Geography of Early Chinese Americans in Idaho and Montana, 1865-1900

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chang, Woojin

    2010-04-26

    63 Bibliography 65 vi LIST OF MAPS 1. Territorial Establishment in the Northern Rocky Mountain Region. 2 2. Physical Features of Idaho and Montana. 3 3. Early Gold Strikes in Idaho... 48 Methodist Episcopal Church in 1904. 15. Chinese Placer Miners in Rocky Bar, Elmore County, circa 1900. 53 16. Zee Tai Chung Co., a Chinese Dry Goods Store on Idaho Street, Boise, in 59 1900. 1 Chapter 1...

  3. Influence of U.S. immigration laws on Chinese immigration, United States, 1980 to 2002 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Luo, Hua

    2005-08-29

    -1 INFLUENCE OF U.S. IMMIGRATION LAWS ON CHINESE IMMIGRATION, UNITED STATES, 1980 TO 2002 A Thesis by HUA LUO Submitted to the Office of Graduate Studies of Texas A&M University in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree... of MASTER OF SCIENCE May 2005 Major Subject: Sociology INFLUENCE OF U.S. IMMIGRATION LAWS ON CHINESE IMMIGRATION, UNITED STATES, 1980 TO 2002 A Thesis by HUA LUO Submitted to the Office of Graduate Studies of Texas A...

  4. Chinese Painting in 3D: An Artistic Study of the Use of the Traditional Chinese Painting Aesthetic in Three-Dimensional Computer Graphics 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Strickland, Stephanie Ann

    2011-02-22

    stream_source_info STRICKLAND-THESIS.pdf.txt stream_content_type text/plain stream_size 49328 Content-Encoding ISO-8859-1 stream_name STRICKLAND-THESIS.pdf.txt Content-Type text/plain; charset=ISO-8859-1 i CHINESE... PAINTING IN 3D: AN ARTISTIC STUDY OF THE USE OF THE TRADITIONAL CHINESE PAINTING AESTHETIC IN THREE-DIMENSIONAL COMPUTER GRAPHICS A Thesis by STEPHANIE ANN STRICKLAND Submitted to the Office of Graduate Studies of Texas A...

  5. Projection of Chinese motor vehicle growth, oil demand, and CO{sub 2}emissions through 2050.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Wang, M.; Huo, H.; Johnson, L.; He, D.

    2006-12-20

    As the vehicle population in China increases, oil consumption and carbon dioxide (CO{sub 2}) emissions associated with on-road transportation are rising dramatically. During this study, we developed a methodology to project trends in the growth of the vehicle population, oil demand, and CO{sub 2} emissions associated with on-road transportation in China. By using this methodology, we projected--separately--the number of highway vehicles, motorcycles, and rural vehicles in China through 2050. We used three scenarios of highway vehicle growth (high-, mid-, and low-growth) to reflect patterns of motor vehicle growth that have occurred in different parts of the world (i.e., Europe and Asia). All are essentially business-as-usual scenarios in that almost none of the countries we examined has made concerted efforts to manage vehicle growth or to offer serious alternative transportation means to satisfy people's mobility needs. With this caveat, our projections showed that by 2030, China could have more highway vehicles than the United States has today, and by 2035, it could have the largest number of highway vehicles in the world. By 2050, China could have 486-662 million highway vehicles, 44 million motorcycles, and 28 million rural vehicles. These numbers, which assume essentially unmanaged vehicle growth, would result in potentially disastrous effects on the urban infrastructure, resources, and other social and ecological aspects of life in China. We designed three fuel economy scenarios, from conservative to aggressive, on the basis of current policy efforts and expectations of near-future policies in China and in developed countries. It should be noted that these current and near-future policies have not taken into consideration the significant potential for further fuel economy improvements offered by advanced technologies such as electric drive technologies (e.g., hybrid electric vehicles and fuel-cell vehicles). By using vehicle growth projections and potential vehicle fuel economy, we projected that China's on-road vehicles could consume approximately 614-1016 million metric tons of oil per year (12.4-20.6 million barrels per day) and could emit 1.9-3.2 billion metric tons of CO{sub 2} per year in 2050, which will put tremendous pressure on the balance of the Chinese and world oil supply and demand and could have significant implications on climate change. Our analysis shows that, while improvements in vehicle fuel economy are crucial for reducing transportation energy use, containing the growth of the vehicle population could have an even more profound effect on oil use and CO{sub 2} emissions. This benefit is in addition to other societal and environmental benefits--such as reduced congestion, land use, and urban air pollution--that will result from containing vehicle population growth. Developing public transportation systems for personal travel and rail and other modes for freight transportation will be important for containing the growth of motor vehicles in China. Although the population of passenger cars will far exceed that of all truck types in China in the future, our analysis shows that oil use by and CO{sub 2} emissions from the Chinese truck fleet will be far larger than those related to Chinese passenger cars because trucks are very use intensive (more vehicle miles traveled per year) and energy intensive (lower fuel economy). Unfortunately, the potential for improving fuel economy and reducing air pollutant emissions for trucks has not been fully explored; such efforts are needed. Considering the rapid depletion of the world's oil reserve, the heightened global interest in addressing greenhouse gas emissions, and the geopolitical complications of global oil supply and demand, the study results suggest that unmanaged vehicle growth and limited improvements in vehicle fuel efficiency will lead to an unsustainable and unstable transportation system in China. In other words, while our projections do not definitively indicate what will happen in the Chinese transportation sector by 2050, they do demonstrate

  6. Recent hybrid origin of three rare chinese turtles

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Stuart, Bryan L.; Parham, James F.

    2006-02-07

    Three rare geoemydid turtles described from Chinese tradespecimens in the early 1990s, Ocadia glyphistoma, O. philippeni, andSacalia pseudocellata, are suspected to be hybrids because they are knownonly from their original descriptions and because they have morphologiesintermediate between other, better-known species. We cloned the allelesof a bi-parentally inherited nuclear intron from samples of these threespecies. The two aligned parental alleles of O. glyphistoma, O.philippeni, and S. pseudocellata have 5-11.5 times more heterozygouspositions than do 13 other geoemydid species. Phylogenetic analysis showsthat the two alleles from each turtle are strongly paraphyletic, butcorrectly match sequences of other species that were hypothesized frommorphology to be their parental species. We conclude that these rareturtles represent recent hybrids rather than valid species. Specifically,"O. glyphistoma" is a hybrid of Mauremys sinensis and M. cf. annamensis,"O. philippeni" is a hybrid of M. sinensis and Cuora trifasciata, and "S.pseudocellata" is a hybrid of C. trifasciata and S. quadriocellata.Conservation resources are better directed toward finding and protectingpopulations of other rare Southeast Asian turtles that do representdistinct evolutionary lineages.

  7. Visit of Chinese Delegation from CQUST (Chongqing University of Science and Technology) PR China and Covanta Energy to EEC (Earth and Engineering Center

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Columbia University

    Visit of Chinese Delegation from CQUST (Chongqing University of Science and Technology) PR China, the major will and effort must be from Chinese scientists and engineers is has been done in other nations

  8. CHINESE JOURNAL OF CHEMICAL PHYSICS VOLUME 20, NUMBER 4 AUGUST 27, 2007 Photofragment Imaging of HNCO Decomposition at 210 nm: the Primary

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Liu, Shilin

    CHINESE JOURNAL OF CHEMICAL PHYSICS VOLUME 20, NUMBER 4 AUGUST 27, 2007 ARTICLE Photofragment of Chemical Physics, Chinese Academy of Science, Dalian 116023, China (Dated: Received on June 3, 2007

  9. To return home or "Return to Taiwan" : conflicts and survival in the "Voluntary Repatriation" of Chinese POWs in the Korean War

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chang, Cheng David

    2011-01-01

    Anniversary of the Korean War,” Journal of Strategic StudiesWar..………..the Communists: Divergent Civil War Experiences of Chinese

  10. Chinese Generation in a Spoken Dialogue Translation System Hua Wu, Taiyi Huang, Chengqing Zong and Bo Xu

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chinese Generation in a Spoken Dialogue Translation System Hua Wu, Taiyi Huang, Chengqing Zong, Beijing 100080, China E-mail: {wh, huang, cqzong, xubo}@nlpr.ia.ac.cn Abstract: A Chinese generation module in a speech to speech dialogue translation system is presented here. The input of the generation

  11. 2072 Chinese Science Bulletin Vol. 45 No. 22 November 2000 Cloning and expression pattern of a dehydrin-like BDN1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yu, Haiyuan

    NOTES 2072 Chinese Science Bulletin Vol. 45 No. 22 November 2000 Cloning and expression pattern and Plant Genetic Engineering , Peking University, Beijing 100871, China; 2. Botanical Institute, Chinese from the field in Guangxi (a gift from Prof. Li Zhenyu of Botanical Institute, the Chinese Academy

  12. Plagiarism Statement (Chinese version) updated Jan 06, June 07, April 08) http://www.hw.ac.uk/ordinances/regulations.pdf 50

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Greenaway, Alan

    Plagiarism Statement (Chinese version) updated Jan 06, June 07, April 08) 1 http Office Page 1 of 4 #12;Plagiarism Statement (Chinese version) updated Jan 06, June 07, April 08) 3.3. 3://www.essex.ac.uk/plagiarism/common_excuses.htm) Created by Chris Knighting, Academic Registrars Office Page 2 of 4 #12;Plagiarism Statement (Chinese

  13. China’s Nuclear Weapons Program and the Chinese Research, Development, and Acquisition System

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    CHASE, Michael S.; LIEGGI, Stephanie; ERICKSON, Andrew S.; LAFFERTY, Brian

    2014-01-01

    January 2014 China’s Nuclear Weapons Program and the Chineseand processes within the nuclear weapons program may beare possible. Studying the nuclear weapons program is thus

  14. Technology status and project development risks of advanced coal power generation technologies in APEC developing economies

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Lusica, N.; Xie, T.; Lu, T.

    2008-10-15

    The report reviews the current status of IGCC and supercritical/ultrasupercritical pulverized-coal power plants and summarizes risks associated with project development, construction and operation. The report includes an economic analysis using three case studies of Chinese projects; a supercritical PC, an ultrasupercritical PC, and an IGCC plant. The analysis discusses barriers to clean coal technologies and ways to encourage their adoption for new power plants. 25 figs., 25 tabs.

  15. Journal of Technology and Chinese Language Teaching Volume 4 Number 2, December 2013 http://www.tclt.us/journal/2013v4n2/luhallmanblack.pdf pp. 1-24

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Journal of Technology and Chinese Language Teaching Volume 4 Number 2, December 2013 http and Chinese Language Teaching 1 Chinese character learning: Using embodied animations in initial stages () Lu@tc.columbia.edu Abstract: The purpose of the study is to investigate a new approach, Embodied Animations, to Chinese

  16. English and Chinese Bilingual Topic Aspect Classification: Exploring Similarity Measures, Optimal LSA Dimensions,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Oard, Doug

    analysis thus leads directly to a need for bilingual topic aspect classification as a prerequisite taskEnglish and Chinese Bilingual Topic Aspect Classification: Exploring Similarity Measures, Optimal LSA Dimensions, and Centroid Correction of Translated Training Examples Yejun Wu School of Library

  17. Chemogenomics approaches to rationalising compound action of traditional Chinese and Ayurvedic medicines

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fauzi, Fazlin M; Koutsoukas, Alexios; Lowe, Rob; Joshi, Kalpana; Fan, Tai-Ping; Bender, Andreas

    2013-03-22

    Court Road, Cambridge, CB2 1PD, UK. Published: 22 March 2013 References 1. Patwardhan B, Warude D, Pushpangadan P, Bhatt N: Ayurveda and traditional Chinese medicine: a comparative overview. eCAM 2005, 2:465-473. 2. Zhao CS, Yin WT, Wang J-Y, Zhang Y, Yu...

  18. Twentieth century Chinese architecture : examples and their significance in a modern tradition

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Marcus, Karen K

    1988-01-01

    If one were to seek a unifying factor in this relatively short period of a modern Chinese tradition, it might be surprising to find that amidst the jolts of passing out of a feudal era into the twentieth century, the ancient ...

  19. Case study on accounting fraud of U.S.-listed Chinese companies

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    An, Tingting

    2014-01-01

    During the period from 2009 to 2013, 76 out of 848 U.S. federal securities class action litigations were against Chinese companies listed in U.S. markets. The U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC) has also initiated ...

  20. Chinese Deja Vu: Parallels Between The Urban Popular Cultures Of Republican and Post Mao China

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Snowden, Lisa Renee

    2009-04-24

    Obsession (Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 1999), xii-xiv. 6 Geremie Barmé, “Soft Porn, Packaged Dissent, and Nationalism: Notes on Chinese Culture in the 1990s,” Current History, 93 (1994): 272. 7 See Figures 4-6. 8 Barmé, Current History, 270...

  1. Chinese Journal of Chemical Engineering, 19(4) (2011) Design of Sustainable Multifunctional Nanocoatings

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Huang, Yinlun

    2011-01-01

    Chinese Journal of Chemical Engineering, 19(4) (2011) Design of Sustainable Multifunctional in the automotive, aerospace, ship-making, construction, and pharmaceutical industries. However, how to realize design sustainability of this type of nanostructured materials and how to ensure the true optimality

  2. Overseas Chinese Student Agency: Academic norm, Oral Participation and Discursive Practices for Change 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zeng, Tianjiao

    2011-11-23

    focuses on a group of Mainland Chinese overseas students in a UK university and aims to find out what resources are available for them and how their agency is enacted considering the academic norm in the new community. It is demonstrated that overseas...

  3. Asian emissions of CO and NOx: Constraints from aircraft and Chinese station data

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Palmer, Paul

    Asian emissions of CO and NOx: Constraints from aircraft and Chinese station data Yuxuan X. Wang to constrain estimates of Asian emissions of CO and NOx. A priori emissions are based on a detailed bottom emissions of CO and NOx, respectively, distributed heterogeneously, with the largest adjustments required

  4. Enhancing Automatic Chinese Essay Scoring System from Figures-of-Speech

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    automated essay scoring (CAES) is a very important tool for many educational researches. However, none grammar parsers cannot produce reliable and useful syntactic features. CAES systems must explore other the performance of CAES effectively. Keywords: Automated essay scoring; Figures-of-speech; Chinese writing; ID3. 1

  5. RNS Reverse Converters based on the New Chinese Remainder Theorem I

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sousa, Leonel

    RNS Reverse Converters based on the New Chinese Remainder Theorem I Hector Pettenghi Departamento number systems (RNS) has targeted larger dynamic ranges in order to further explore the inherent parallelism of these systems. In this paper, a performance analysis is presented for RNS

  6. ECONOMY IS A PERSON: A Chinese-English Corpora and Ontological-based Comparison

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    1 ECONOMY IS A PERSON: A Chinese-English Corpora and Ontological-based Comparison Using@gate.sinica.edu.tw Abstract This paper proposes a corpora-based approach in comparing the Mapping Principles for economy). This research extends on the work of Ahrens, Chung and Huang (2003) by examining the `economy' metaphors

  7. Ultrasonic backscatter coefficient quantitative estimates from Chinese hamster ovary cell pellet biophantoms

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, University of

    Ultrasonic backscatter coefficient quantitative estimates from Chinese hamster ovary cell pellet August 2010; accepted 6 August 2010 A cell pellet biophantom technique is introduced, and applied verification purposes. BSC estimates from CHO cell pellet biophantoms of known number density were performed

  8. Chinese and Japanese Word Segmentation Using Word-Level and Character-Level Information

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chinese and Japanese Word Segmentation Using Word-Level and Character-Level Information Tetsuji and Japanese word segmentation. Word-level information is useful for analysis of known words, while character-level informa- tion is useful for analysis of unknown words, and the method utilizes both these two types

  9. Automatic Adaptation of Annotation Standards: Chinese Word Segmentation and POS Tagging A Case Study

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cortes, Corinna

    Automatic Adaptation of Annotation Standards: Chinese Word Segmentation and POS Tagging ­ A Case segmentation and part-of-speech tagging, where no segmentation and POS tagging standards are widely accepted visited-China Figure 1: Incompatible word segmentation and POS tagging standards between CTB (upper

  10. A Real-time Integration of Concept-based Search and Summarization on Chinese Websites

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    engine, and an automatic summarizer. When the user enters one or more fairly general and vague terms query structure. They prefer limiting their searches to one or a simple list of terms, while seekingA Real-time Integration of Concept-based Search and Summarization on Chinese Websites Joe F Zhou

  11. An Epidemiologic Study of Early Biologic Effects of Benzene in Chinese Workers

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    California at Berkeley, University of

    An Epidemiologic Study of Early Biologic Effects of Benzene in Chinese Workers Nathaniel Rothman,1 and Anti-Epidemic Center, Shanghai, China Benzene is a recognized hematotoxin and leukemogen, but its a cross-sectional study of 44 healthy workers currently exposed to benzene (median 8-hr time

  12. Business plan of starting up a viral web service bridging online video with e-commerce In Chinese market

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zhang, Zhenning, S.M. Massachusetts Institute of Technology

    2015-01-01

    The proliferation of broadband network and smart portable devices dramatically change the video service consumption behavior of Chinese millennials who are quite different from elder generation. This thesis presents a ...

  13. Incorporating Both Undesirable Outputs and Uncontrollable Variables into DEA: the Performance of Chinese Coal-Fired Power Plants

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yang, Hongliang; Pollitt, Michael G.

    by proposing six DEA-based performance evaluation models based on a research sample of the Chinese coal-fired power plants. The finding of this paper not only contributes for the performance measurement methodology, but also has policy implications...

  14. The Growth Trend of the Chinese Construction Industry: When it will Surpass the U.S. Construction Industry

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Huang, Yilei

    2009-09-21

    U.S. architectural, engineering and construction (AEC) firms doing business in China are minimally successful because they are unfamiliar with the Chinese market. To assist the U.S. AEC firms to become more competitive in ...

  15. Ecological Technologies of a Chinese Traditional Folk House in Hot-Summer and Cold-Winter Zone 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Xie, M.; Zhang, G.; Xu, F.

    2006-01-01

    Regional climate should be considered in building design for energy-efficiency and environmental protection, and there are many helpful practices that are climate-responsive in traditional folk houses. Plotting of a Chinese traditional folk house...

  16. Learning to Read Chinese: The Relative Roles of Phonological Awareness and Morphological Awareness

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chan, Yi-Chih

    2013-12-31

    Bride-Chang, Shu, Zhou, Wat, & Wagner, 2007; Nagy & Anderson, 1998). For example, alphabetic English uses letters to represent phonemes in words, but the concept of letter-phoneme correspondence is inapplicable to logographic Chinese, 2 which employs... phonetic radical can provide different degrees of phonological information of a character containing it (Hue, 1992; Shu, 2003). For example, a phonogram whose pronunciation is the same as that of its phonetic radical irrespective of the tonal difference...

  17. Open space values among Chinese students from Taiwan 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chang, Changyi David

    1973-01-01

    and efforts at regional planning in Taiwan. The current concepts of open space held in the United States and other developed countries is briefly outlined. The need for open space planning in Taiwan is presented. The second part describes in detail..., contributed so much t'o the development of the theory of value orienta- tions among different human groups and testing of theory by various approaches that he actually figures as a major contributor to the whole of the research. Hy indebtedness to Clarissa...

  18. Alternative Energy Development and China's Energy Future

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zheng, Nina

    2012-01-01

    of the Chinese solar thermal market. ” Refocus 6 (5): 25-27.dominate the solar water heating market with an 86% share inin the Chinese solar water heating market, only vacuum tube

  19. Alternative Energy Development and China's Energy Future

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zheng, Nina

    2012-01-01

    raw materials and the demand for finished products severely undermines Chinese firms’ competitiveness. On one hand, domestic manufacturers’

  20. Hunter College of the City University of New York -Office of the Registrar DEGREE AUDIT APPLICATION FORM (DAAF) Attachment BA in Adolescent Education: Chinese 7-12 (E51)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Qiu, Weigang

    APPLICATION FORM (DAAF) Attachment BA in Adolescent Education: Chinese 7-12 (E51) LIBERAL ARTS AND SCIENCE Summer SEDC 452.10 Student Teaching in Grades 7-12: Chinese 5 Fall Spring Summer SPED 308* Teaching

  1. Electronic nose with a new feature reduction method and a multi-linear classifier for Chinese liquor classification

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Jing, Yaqi; Meng, Qinghao, E-mail: qh-meng@tju.edu.cn; Qi, Peifeng; Zeng, Ming; Li, Wei; Ma, Shugen [Tianjin Key Laboratory of Process Measurement and Control, Institute of Robotics and Autonomous Systems, School of Electrical Engineering and Automation, Tianjin University, Tianjin 300072 (China)] [Tianjin Key Laboratory of Process Measurement and Control, Institute of Robotics and Autonomous Systems, School of Electrical Engineering and Automation, Tianjin University, Tianjin 300072 (China)

    2014-05-15

    An electronic nose (e-nose) was designed to classify Chinese liquors of the same aroma style. A new method of feature reduction which combined feature selection with feature extraction was proposed. Feature selection method used 8 feature-selection algorithms based on information theory and reduced the dimension of the feature space to 41. Kernel entropy component analysis was introduced into the e-nose system as a feature extraction method and the dimension of feature space was reduced to 12. Classification of Chinese liquors was performed by using back propagation artificial neural network (BP-ANN), linear discrimination analysis (LDA), and a multi-linear classifier. The classification rate of the multi-linear classifier was 97.22%, which was higher than LDA and BP-ANN. Finally the classification of Chinese liquors according to their raw materials and geographical origins was performed using the proposed multi-linear classifier and classification rate was 98.75% and 100%, respectively.

  2. Sun Yat-sen University in Moscow and the Chinese Revolution: A Personal Account

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sheng, Yueh

    1971-01-01

    Liu Yun- yao, who has held various important positions in the KMT and who at one time was in charge of personnel work in the National Army; Hsiao Tsan-yu and Wu Chia-yu, who are members of the Legislative Yuan; and Chang Hsiu-lan, a member..., the leaders of the Soviet Union and the Comintern reached the conclusion that truly "the seeds sown by Sun Yat-sen are to blossom and bear fruit." After reaching this conclusion, the Soviet leaders decided to invest more capital in the Chinese revolution...

  3. A Chinese cave links climate change, social impacts, and human adaptation over the last 500 years

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tan, Liangcheng; Cai, Yanjun; An, Zhisheng; Cheng, Hai; Shen, Chuan-Chou; Breitenbach, Sebastian F. M.; Gao, Yongli; Edwards, R. Lawrence; Zhang, Haiwei; Du, Yajuan

    2015-08-13

    :12284 | DOI: 10.1038/srep12284 www.nature.com/scientificreports A Chinese cave links climate change, social impacts, and human adaptation over the last 500 years Liangcheng Tan1,2, Yanjun Cai1,3, Zhisheng An1,3, Hai Cheng3,4, Chuan-Chou Shen5, Sebastian F... of societal crises and proxy-based climate events. Here, we present a comparison of ancient inscriptions in Dayu Cave from Qinling Mountains, central China, which described accurate times and detailed impacts of seven drought events during the period...

  4. The Voice of Parents, Students, and Teachers Regarding Chinese Heritage Schools in Southeast Texas 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Liao, Li-Yuan

    2012-09-26

    of Mandarin at CHSs have discussed the challenges they face in encouraging students to learn Chinese when there is little motivation to do so. 1.3 Statement of Problem In Lao?s (2004) study, she surveyed 86 parents and found out that there was a gap..., perceptions, and perspectives toward their children?s learning of dual and/or heritage languages (Lao, 2004; Park & Sarkar, 2007; Shannon, & Milian, 2002; Shin & Gribbons, 1996; Shin & Kim, 1996; Young & Tran, 1999). There have also been a few studies...

  5. S:\\2015\\sem1115_INC_Hua SUN_WHY_050615 THE CHINESE UNIVERSITY OF HONG KONG

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Huang, Jianwei

    S:\\2015\\sem1115_INC_Hua SUN_WHY_050615 THE CHINESE UNIVERSITY OF HONG KONG Institute of Network-Optimality of Coloring and Minimal Necessity of Non-Shannon Inequalities by Mr. Hua SUN University of California, Irvine Hua Sun received the B.E. degree in Communications Engineering from Beijing University of Posts

  6. Computational Linguistics and Chinese Language Processing Vol. 14, No. 3, September 2009, pp. 257-280 257

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    -280 257 © The Association for Computational Linguistics and Chinese Language Processing A Thesaurus a thesaurus-based semantic classification model that automatically learns semantic relations for classifying adjective-noun (A-N) and verb-noun (V-N) collocations into different thesaurus categories. Our model

  7. Oil price shocks and their short-and long-term effects on the Chinese economy Weiqi Tang a

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Matthews, Adrian

    a historical record of US$147 per barrel in July 2008. The adverse impact of such oil-price shocksOil price shocks and their short- and long-term effects on the Chinese economy Weiqi Tang a , Libo-correction model Oil-price shocks Price transmission mechanisms Investment Output Producer/consumer price index

  8. The Power of Position: Beijing University, Intellectuals and Chinese Political Culture 1898-1929 by Timothy B. Weston

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Elman, Benjamin

    major problem of this volume is that it lacks 'consumers.' Although in the introduction the author and using it to recruit customers (by making consumers "Chinese citizens"), companies, producers story (The Lin's Family Shop) as the starting point and as evidence for the author's central argument (p

  9. Sustainable Development

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Brierley, Andrew

    150 Sustainable Development Sustainable Development Degree options BSc or MA (Single Honours Degree) Sustainable Development Contributing Schools Biology; Chemistry; Computer Science; Geography & Geosciences within Sustainable Development, then you should apply for the MA degree; if you are most interested

  10. Using Waste Heat for External Processes (English/Chinese) (Fact Sheet)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    2011-10-01

    Chinese translation of the Using Waste Heat for External Processes fact sheet. Provides suggestions on how to use waste heat in industrial applications. The temperature of exhaust gases from fuel-fired industrial processes depends mainly on the process temperature and the waste heat recovery method. Figure 1 shows the heat lost in exhaust gases at various exhaust gas temperatures and percentages of excess air. Energy from gases exhausted from higher temperature processes (primary processes) can be recovered and used for lower temperature processes (secondary processes). One example is to generate steam using waste heat boilers for the fluid heaters used in petroleum crude processing. In addition, many companies install heat exchangers on the exhaust stacks of furnaces and ovens to produce hot water or to generate hot air for space heating.

  11. Sustainable Development

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Brierley, Andrew

    ) Sustainable Development Contributing Schools Biology; Chemistry; Computer Science; Geography & Geosciences enquiries Dr Emilia Ferraro, Department of Geography & Sustainable Development E: gg. Resources Very few universities currently offer undergraduate degrees in Sustainable Development. Uniquely

  12. Career Development

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The career development objective is to produce better employees and maximizing employee potential. DOE Leadership & Career Development Programs can help provide employees with the skills and...

  13. Alternative Energy Development and China's Energy Future

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zheng, Nina

    2012-01-01

    and Runqing Hu, 2005, “Solar thermal in China: Overview andperspectives of the Chinese solar thermal market. ” RefocusProspectives for China’s solar thermal power technology

  14. The Chinese-French SVOM mission for Gamma-Ray Burst studies

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    S. Basa; J. Wei; J. Paul; S. N. Zhang; for the SVOM Collaboration

    2008-11-07

    We present the Space-based multi-band astronomical Variable Objects Monitor mission (SVOM) decided by the Chinese National Space Agency (CNSA) and the French Space Agency (CNES). The mission which is designed to detect about 80 Gamma-Ray Bursts (GRBs) of all known types per year, will carry a very innovative scientific payload combining a gamma-ray coded mask imagers sensitive in the range 4 keV to 250 keV, a soft X-ray telescope operating between 0.5 to 2 keV, a gamma-ray spectro-photometer sensitive in the range 50 keV to 5 MeV, and an optical telescope able to measure the GRB afterglow emission down to a magnitude limit M$_R=23$ with a 300 s exposure. A particular attention will be also paid to the follow-up in making easy the observation of the SVOM detected GRB by the largest ground based telescopes. Scheduled for a launch in 2013, it will provide fast and reliable GRB positions, will measure the broadband spectral energy distribution and temporal properties of the prompt emission, and will quickly identify the optical afterglows of detected GRBs, including those at very high redshift.

  15. Effects of air pollution on children's respiratory health in three Chinese cities

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Qian, Z.; Chapman, R.S.; Tian, Q.; Chen, Y.; Lioy, P.J.; Zhang, J.

    2000-04-01

    During the winter of 1988--1989, parents of 2,789 elementary-school students completed standardized questionnaires. The students were 5--14 y of age and were from three urban districts and one suburban district of three large Chinese cities. The 4-y average ambient levels of total suspended particles in the three cities differed greatly during the period 1985--1988: Lanzhou, 1,067 {micro}g/m{sup 3}; urban Wuhan, 406 {micro}g/m{sup 3}; Guangzhou, 296 {micro}g/m{sup 3}; and suburban Wuhan, 191 {micro}g/m{sup 3}. The authors constructed unconditional logistic-regression models to calculate odds ratios and 95% confidence intervals for prevalences of several respiratory symptoms and illnesses, adjusted for district, use of coal in the home, and parental smoking status. There was a positive and significant association between total suspended particle levels and the adjusted odds ratios for couch, phlegm, hospitalization for diseases, and pneumonia. This association was derived from only the 1,784 urban children and, therefore, the authors were unable to extrapolate it to the suburban children. The results also indicated that parental smoking status was associated with cough and phlegm, and use of coal in the home was associated only with cough prevalence.

  16. Install Waste Heat Recovery Systems for Fuel-Fired Furnaces (English/Chinese) (Fact Sheet)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    2011-10-01

    Chinese translation of ITP fact sheet about installing Waste Heat Recovery Systems for Fuel-Fired Furnaces. For most fuel-fired heating equipment, a large amount of the heat supplied is wasted as exhaust or flue gases. In furnaces, air and fuel are mixed and burned to generate heat, some of which is transferred to the heating device and its load. When the heat transfer reaches its practical limit, the spent combustion gases are removed from the furnace via a flue or stack. At this point, these gases still hold considerable thermal energy. In many systems, this is the greatest single heat loss. The energy efficiency can often be increased by using waste heat gas recovery systems to capture and use some of the energy in the flue gas. For natural gas-based systems, the amount of heat contained in the flue gases as a percentage of the heat input in a heating system can be estimated by using Figure 1. Exhaust gas loss or waste heat depends on flue gas temperature and its mass flow, or in practical terms, excess air resulting from combustion air supply and air leakage into the furnace. The excess air can be estimated by measuring oxygen percentage in the flue gases.

  17. Developing an energy efficiency service industry in Shanghai

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Lin, Jiang; Goldman, Charles; Levine, Mark; Hopper, Nicole

    2004-02-10

    The rapid development of the Chinese economy over the past two decades has led to significant growth in China's energy consumption and greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions. Between 1980 and 2000, China's energy consumption more than doubled from 602 million to 1.3 billion tons of coal-equivalent (NBS, 2003). In 2000, China's GHG emissions were about 12% of the global total, ranked second behind only the US. According to the latest national development plan issued by the Chinese government, China's energy demand is likely to double again by 2020 (DRC, 2004), based on a quadrupling of its gross domestic product (GDP). The objectives of the national development plan imply that China needs to significantly raise the energy efficiency of its economy, i.e., cutting the energy intensity of its economy by half. Such goals are extremely ambitious, but not infeasible. China has achieved such reductions in the past, and its current overall level of energy efficiency remains far behind those observed in other developed economies. However, challenges remain whether China can put together an appropriate policy framework and the institutions needed to improve the energy efficiency of its economy under a more market-based economy today. Shanghai, located at the heart of the Yangtze River Delta, is the most dynamic economic and financial center in the booming Chinese economy. With 1% of Chinese population (13 million inhabitants), its GDP in 2000 stood at 455 billion RMB yuan (5% of the national total), with an annual growth rate of 12%--much higher than the national average. It is a major destination for foreign as well as Chinese domestic investment. In 2003, Shanghai absorbed 10% of actual foreign investment in all China (''Economist'', January 17-23, 2004). Construction in Shanghai continues at a breakneck pace, with an annual addition of approximately 200 million square foot of residential property and 100 million square foot of commercial and industrial space over the last 5 years. It is one reason that China consumed over 60% of the world's cement production in 2003 (NBS 2004). Energy consumption in Shanghai has been growing at 6-8% annually, with the growth of electricity demand at over 10% per year. Shanghai, with very limited local energy resources, relies heavily on imported coal, oil, natural gas, and electricity. While coal still constitutes over half of Shanghai's energy consumption, oil and natural gas use have been growing in importance. Shanghai is the major market for China's West to East (natural gas) Pipeline (WEP). With the input from WEP and off-shore pipelines, it is expected that natural gas consumption will grow from 250 million cubic meters in 2000 to 3000-3500 million cubic meters in 2005. In order to secure energy supply to power Shanghai's fast-growing economy, the Shanghai government has set three priorities in its energy strategy: (1) diversification of its energy structure, (2) improving its energy efficiency, and (3) developing renewable and other cleaner forms of energy. Efficiency improvements are likely to be most critical, particularly in the near future, in addressing Shanghai's energy security, especially the recent electricity shortage in Shanghai. Commercial buildings and industries consume the majority of Shanghai's, as well as China's, commercial energy. In the building sector, Shanghai has been very active implementing energy efficiency codes for commercial and residential buildings. Following a workshop on building codes implementation held at LBNL for senior Shanghai policy makers in 2001, the Shanghai government recently introduced an implementation guideline on residential building energy code compliance for the downtown area of Shanghai to commence in April, 2004, with other areas of the city to follow in 2005. A draft code for commercial buildings has been developed as well. In the industrial sector, the Shanghai government started an ambitious initiative in 2002 to induce private capital to invest in energy efficiency improvements via energy management/services companies (EMC/ESCOs). In partic

  18. Program Development

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Atencio, Julian J.

    2014-05-01

    This presentation covers how to go about developing a human reliability program. In particular, it touches on conceptual thinking, raising awareness in an organization, the actions that go into developing a plan. It emphasizes evaluating all positions, eliminating positions from the pool due to mitigating factors, and keeping the process transparent. It lists components of the process and objectives in process development. It also touches on the role of leadership and the necessity for audit.

  19. Emission of biogenic sulfur gases from Chinese paddy soil and rice plant

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Zhen Yang [Nanjing Univ. of Science and Technology (China); Li Kong [Nanjing Agricultural Univ. (China)

    1996-12-31

    Biogenic sulfur gases emitted from terrestrial ecosystem may play in important role in global sulfur cycle and have a profound influence on global climate change. But very little is known concerning emissions from paddy soil and rice plant, which are abundant in many parts of the world. As a big agricultural country, this is about 33 million hectare rice planted in China. With laboratory incubation and closed chamber method in the field, the biogenic sulfur gases emitted from Chinese paddy soil and rice plant were detected in both conditions: hydrogen sulfide (H{sub 2}S), carbonyl sulfide (COS), methyl mercaptan (MSH), carbon disulfide (CS{sub 2}), dimethyl sulfide (DMS) and dimethyl disulfide (DMDS). Among which, DMS was predominant part of sulfur emission. Emission of sulfur gases from different paddy field exhibit high spatial and temporal variability. The application of fertilizer and organic manure, total sulfur content in wetland, air temperature were positively correlated to the emission of volatile sulfur gases from paddy soil. Diurnal and seasonal variation of total volatile sulfur gases and DMS indicate that their emissions were greatly influenced by the activity of the rice plant. The annual emission of total volatile sulfur gases, from Nanjing paddy field is ranged from 4.0 to 9.5 mg S m{sup -2}yr{sup -1}, that of DMS is ranged from 3.1 to 6.5 mg S m{sup -2}yr{sup -1}. Rice plant could absorb COS gas, that may be one of the sinks of COS.

  20. Formation of NOx precursors during Chinese pulverized coal pyrolysis in an arc plasma jet

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Wei-ren Bao; Jin-cao Zhang; Fan Li; Li-ping Chang

    2007-08-15

    The formation of NOx precursors (HCN and NH{sub 3}) from the pyrolysis of several Chinese pulverized coals in an arc plasma jet was investigated through both thermodynamic analysis of the C-H-O-N system and experiments. Results of thermodynamic analysis show that the dominant N-containing gaseous species is HCN together with a small amount of ammonia above the temperature of 2000 K. The increase of H content advances the formation of HCN and NH{sub 3}, but the yields of HCN and NH{sub 3} are decreased with a high concentration of O in the system. These results are accordant with the experimental data. The increasing of input power promotes the formation of HCN and NH{sub 3} from coal pyrolysis in an arc plasma jet. Tar-N is not formed during the process. The yield of HCN changes insignificantly with the changing of the residence time of coal particles in the reactor, but that of NH{sub 3} decreases as residence times increase because of the relative instability at high temperature. Adsorption and gasification of CO{sub 2} on the coal surface also can restrain the formation of HCN and NH{sub 3} compare to the results in an Ar plasma jet. Yields of HCN and NH{sub 3} are sensitive to the coal feeding rate, indicating that NOx precursors could interact with the nascent char to form other N-containing species. The formation of HCN and NH{sub 3} during coal pyrolysis in a H{sub 2}/Ar plasma jet are not dependent on coal rank. The N-containing gaseous species is released faster than others in the volatiles during coal pyrolysis in an arc plasma jet, and the final nitrogen content in the char is lower than that in the parent coal, which it is independent of coal type. 16 refs., 9 figs., 1 tab.

  1. Contemporary Chinese Defense Industry Reforms and Civil–Military Integration in Three Key Organizations

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Francis, Ed; Puska, Susan M

    2010-01-01

    numerous existing technical standards organizations in thecivilian dual-use technical standards development, all

  2. Urinary 1-hydroxypyrene concentrations in Chinese coke oven workers relative to job category, respirator usage, and cigarette smoking

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bo Chen; Yunping Hu; Lixing Zheng; Qiangyi Wang; Yuanfen Zhou; Taiyi Jin [Fudan University, Shanghai (China). School of Public Health

    2007-09-15

    1-Hydroxypyrene (1-OHP) is a biomarker of recent exposure to polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs). We investigated whether urinary 1-OHP concentrations in Chinese coke oven workers (COWs) are modulated by job category, respirator usage, and cigarette smoking. The present cross-sectional study measured urinary 1-OHP concentrations in 197 COWs from Coking plant I and 250 COWs from Coking plant II, as well as 220 unexposed referents from Control plant I and 56 referents from Control plant II. Urinary 1-OHP concentrations (geometric mean, {mu}mol/mol creatinine) were 5.18 and 4.21 in workers from Coking plants I and II, respectively. The highest 1-OHP levels in urine were found among topside workers including lidmen, tar chasers, and whistlers. Benchmen had higher 1-OHP levels than other workers at the sideoven. Above 75% of the COWs exceeded the recommended occupational exposure limit of 2.3 {mu}mol/mol creatinine. Respirator usage and increased body mass index (BMI) slightly reduced 1-OHP levels in COWs. Cigarette smoking significantly increased urinary 1-OHP levels in unexposed referents but had no effect in COWs. Chinese COWs, especially topside workers and benchmen, are exposed to high levels of PAHs. Urinary 1-OHP concentrations appear to be modulated by respirator usage and BMI in COWs, as well as by smoking in unexposed referents.

  3. Development Tools

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity ofkandz-cm11 Outreach Home Room NewsInformation Current HAB Packet HanfordDOEDanielDeSmall BusinessDeveloperDevelopingTools

  4. Wuhan Logistics Platform Smarter City & Smarter Logistics In March 2009, the Chinese State Council issued the "Plan for the Restructure and Revitalization of the

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wuhan Logistics Platform ­ Smarter City & Smarter Logistics Background In March 2009, the Chinese State Council issued the "Plan for the Restructure and Revitalization of the Logistics Industry". The government plan is for China to build up a modern logistics industry based on information integration

  5. Proceedings of the Second CIPS-SIGHAN Joint Conference on Chinese Language Processing, pages 8589, Tianjin, China, 20-21 DEC. 2012

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    ­89, Tianjin, China, 20-21 DEC. 2012 Micro blogs Oriented Word Segmentation System Yijia Liu , Meishan Zhang Institute of Technology, China {yjliu,mszhang,car,tliu}@ir.hit.edu.cn School attached to Huazhong University of Science and Technology Wuhan, 430074 brooklet60@gmail.com Abstract We present a Chinese word

  6. The Lure of Chinese State Capitalism in Latin America: Influence, Investments and Imports

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Narins, Thomas Peter

    2015-01-01

    s state-owned oil company, Petrobras, signed a joint-venturea $10 billion loan to Petrobras in order to develop newSinopec and Brazil’s Petrobras) development. Western firms,

  7. The Lure of Chinese State Capitalism in Latin America: Influence, Investments and Imports

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Narins, Thomas Peter

    2015-01-01

    Development Bank and a Chilean partner Sigdo Koppers announced a planned $900 million dollar investment in a solar panel

  8. Software Developers

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Because SEED will provide a common, open-source data framework, software developers will be able to write applications that access the data in a consistent way (with proper permissions), or build functionalities onto the SEED platform in a replicable way.

  9. Strategies for retirement community development in China

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wang, Hua, M.C.P. Massachusetts Institute of Technology

    2006-01-01

    In 2000, China's 60-year-and-older population reached 130 million, or 10% of the total population. This event symbolizes that China has entered the aging society. In the Chinese tradition, strong family support enables ...

  10. Key Players and the Nature of Their Interactions in Chinese STI Resource and Budgetary Allocations

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    GUO, Rong

    2013-01-01

    Hoping to strengthen China’s high-tech capabili- ties andbegin various targeted high- tech projects, SSTC embarked oncommercialization of high-tech developments and coordinates

  11. TCM Database@Taiwan: The World's Largest Traditional Chinese Medicine Database for Drug Screening In Silico

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chen, Yu-Chian

    Rapid advancing computational technologies have greatly speeded up the development of computer-aided drug design (CADD). Recently, pharmaceutical companies have increasingly shifted their attentions toward traditional ...

  12. The Taiwanese Notebook Computer Production Network in China: Implication for Upgrading of the Chinese Electronics Industry

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yang, Yungkai

    2006-01-01

    Learning the Technology of Electronics. ” World Development,Underdevelopment of Malaysian Electronics. ” Paper for the 3Series No. 15. China Electronics Industry Yearbook, 2004.

  13. The Lure of Chinese State Capitalism in Latin America: Influence, Investments and Imports

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Narins, Thomas Peter

    2015-01-01

    telecommunications, finance, railways 27 , oil tankers (PazOil and Influence – How China Development Bank Is Rewriting the Rules of Finance.

  14. Discussion of Problems in the Development of Building Energy Efficiency In China 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Liu, Y.; Fu, X.; Luo, Q.

    2006-01-01

    In the context that Chinese energy shortage is beginning to emerge and China is constructing an economical society, much attention is paid to building energy consumption by the Chinese government and common people. Therefore, Building Energy...

  15. DRAFT: PLEASE DO NOT CITE OR DISTRIBUTE WITHOUT PERMISSION Brain Circulation and Chinese Chipmakers

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Saxenian, AnnaLee

    spent more than a dozen years in the U.S., first obtaining a doctorate in electrical engineering from from developing to developed economies, is giving way to a two-way process of "brain circulation countries, others start companies in the U.S. with operations at home or build cross-regional alliances

  16. Nozzle development

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Dodge, F.T.; Dodge, L.G.; Johnson, J.E.

    1989-06-01

    The objective of this program has been the development of experimental techniques and data processing procedures to allow for the characterization of multi-phase fuel nozzles using laboratory tests. Test results were to be used to produce a single value coefficient-of-performance that would predict the performance of the fuel nozzles independent of system application. Several different types of fuel nozzles capable of handling multi-phase fuels have been characterized for: (a) fuel flow rate versus delivery pressure, (b) fuel-air ratio throughout the fuel spray or plume and the effective cone angle of the injector, and (c) fuel drop- or particle-size distribution as a function of fluid properties. Fuel nozzles which have been characterized on both single-phase liquids and multi-phase liquid-solid slurries include a variable-film-thickness nozzle, a commercial coal-water slurry (CWS) nozzle, and four diesel injectors of different geometries (tested on single-phase fluids only). Multi-phase mixtures includes CWS with various coal loadings, surfactant concentrations, and stabilizer concentrations, as well as glass-bead water slurries with stabilizing additives. Single-phase fluids included glycerol-water mixtures to vary the viscosity over a range of 1 to 1500 cP, and alcohol-water mixtures to vary the surface tension from about 22 to 73 dyne/cm. In addition, tests were performed to characterize straight-tube gas-solid nozzles using two differences size distributions of glass beads in air. Standardized procedures have been developed for processing measurements of spray drop-size characteristics and the overall cross-section average drop or particle size. 43 refs., 60 figs., 7 tabs.

  17. Evaluation of Life-Cycle Assessment Studies of Chinese Cement Production: Challenges and Opportunities

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lu, Hongyou

    2010-01-01

    Status and Needs for Life Cycle Assessment Development inJournal of Life Cycle Assessment 4 (4), pp.191-194. Zhuang,Management—Life Cycle Assessment—Data Documentation Format

  18. Resource use in the Chinese building sector : foundations for analyzing urban transition

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Accuardi, Zachary A. Campbell

    2014-01-01

    Around the world, people are moving to cities in order to become wealthy, especially in developing countries undergoing socio-economic transition. This will dramatically change the way that society consumes resources, in ...

  19. Cultivating the 'Generic Solution' -- The Emergence of A Chinese Product Data Management (PDM) Software Package 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wang, Mei

    This is a study of the design and development of an Organisational Software Package (OSP). It particularly focuses on the ambitions and supplier strategy of building a ‘generic software solution’ (i.e., a software system ...

  20. Strategic analysis of Samsung's smartphone product portfolio : countering the challenge from Chinese competitors

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Go, Soo Jin

    2015-01-01

    After entering the smartphone era, Samsung has recorded enormous growth in sales and profits. It developed state of the art hardware technology and introduced innovative features with its flagship models, the Galaxy S ...

  1. China's Search for Assured Retaliation: The Evolution of Chinese Nuclear Strategy and Force Structure

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fravel, M. Taylor

    After exploding its first nuclear device in 1964, China did not develop sufficient forces or doctrine to overcome its vulnerability to a first strike by the United States or the Soviet Union for more than three decades. ...

  2. Evaluation of Life-Cycle Assessment Studies of Chinese Cement Production: Challenges and Opportunities

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lu, Hongyou

    2010-01-01

    Status and Needs for Life Cycle Assessment Development inJournal of Life Cycle Assessment 4 (4), pp.191-194. Zhuang,Facilities: Life Cycle Assessment, Resources, Conservation

  3. ChinGram: A TRALE Implementation of an HPSG Fragment of Mandarin Chinese

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    development system Trale (Meurers et al. 2002; Penn 2004). The grammar is one of the grammars and larger fragments of German, Persian, Danish, and Maltese (see M¨uller (2013b) for details on size provides a range of powerful formal tools for the description of linguistic ex- pressions which

  4. Chinese and Chinese American Life-Writing

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cheung, KK

    2015-01-01

    7] ---, “This Is Not An Autobiography”, Genre, 18 (Summer26] Shen Congwen (???), Autobiography (??????) (Beijing,Wong, Sau-ling Cynthia, "Autobiography as Guided Chinatown

  5. From Zei ? to Gu Sha ??: A Changing Concept of Liability in Traditional Chinese Law

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    MacCormack, Geoffrey

    2007-01-01

    to the former, while the Tang code (Tang lü shu-yi #8;e #7;#27;#11;/#22;D) belongs to the later. From the later Zhou period #5;t(Waring States) the use of law as the principal instrument for the government of the state is continualy being developed... there pased into the Ming #5;?and Qing ?codes. The change of name is significant because gu #7;Bitself expreses the mental element of intention and not the 3 Zhou li zhu shu ji bu zheng#5;t#20;?#6;!#11;/#4;C...

  6. Ecosystems and Sustainable Development

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tufford, Dan

    1999-01-01

    Ecosystems and Sustainable Development Editors: J.L. Uso,Ecosystems and Sustainable Development. Southhampton, UK:ISBN: 1-85312-502-4. Sustainable development research is a

  7. Psychology of Sustainable Development

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Milfont, Taciano Lemos

    2003-01-01

    to achieve sustainable development: economic, environmental,Psychology of Sustainable Development By Peter Schmuck andPsychology of Sustainable Development. Norwell, MA: Kluwer

  8. Individual Development and Excutive Development Plan Resources

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    According to OPM, an individual development plan (IDP) is a tool to assist employees in career and personal development. Its primary purpose is to help employees reach short and long-term career...

  9. Clean development mechanism: Perspectives from developing countries

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Sari, Agus P.; Meyers, Stephen

    1999-06-01

    This paper addresses the political acceptability and workability of CDM by and in developing countries. At COP-3 in Kyoto in 1997, the general position among developing countries changed from strong rejection of joint implementation to acceptance of CDM. The outgrowth of CDM from a proposal from Brazil to establish a Clean Development Fund gave developing countries a sense of ownership of the idea. More importantly, establishing support for sustainable development as a main goal for CDM overcame the resistance of many developing countries to accept a carbon trading mechanism. The official acceptance of CDM is not a guarantee of continued acceptance, however. Many developing countries expect CDM to facilitate a substantial transfer of technology and other resources to support economic growth. There is concern that Annex I countries may shift official development assistance into CDM in order to gain carbon credits, and that development priorities could suffer as a result. Some fear that private investments could be skewed toward projects that yield carbon credits. Developing country governments are wary regarding the strong role of the private sector envisioned for CDM. Increasing the awareness and capacity of the private sector in developing countries to initiate and implement CDM projects needs to be a high priority. While private sector partnerships will be the main vehicle for resource transfer in CDM, developing country governments want to play a strong role in overseeing and guiding the process so that it best serves their development goals. Most countries feel that establishment of criteria for sustainable development should be left to individual countries. A key issue is how CDM can best support the strengthening of local capacity to sustain and replicate projects that serve both climate change mitigation and sustainable development objectives.There is support among developing countries for commencing CDM as soon as possible. Since official commencement must await the entry into force of the Kyoto Protocol, many developing countries support the establishment of an Interim Phase starting in 2000, with possible retroactive crediting once the Protocol enters into force.

  10. The Babcock Institute for International Dairy Research & Development

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wisconsin at Madison, University of

    and Spanish at the Madison Concourse Hotel, with hands-on workshops on the University of Wisconsin materials. Many of our publications - available in English, Spanish, Russian, Portuguese, Chinese, Turkish

  11. Essays in Development Economics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hicks, Joan Hamory

    2009-01-01

    Handbook of Development Economics, Volume I (pp. 713-762).Journal of Development Economics, 81, 80-96. Behrman, JereJournal of Development Economics, 79, 349-373. Dercon,

  12. Training and Organizational Development

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stephens, Graeme L.

    Training and Organizational Development Contact: Ellen Audley Assistant, 491-1376, Ellen coordinates training and development opportunities for personal and professional growth for Colorado State. Customized training and organizational development consulting services are also available. Class Locations

  13. Training and Organizational Development

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stephens, Graeme L.

    Training and Organizational Development Contact: Ellen Audley Assistant, 491-1376, Ellen coordinates training and development opportunities for personal and professional growth for Colorado State. Customized training and organizational development consulting services are also available. Class Location

  14. Training and Organizational Development

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Training and Organizational Development Contact: Ellen Audley Assistant, (970) 491-1376, Ellen 1 of 5 This office coordinates training and development opportunities for personal and professional and state classified personnel. Customized training and orga- nizational development consulting services

  15. Training and Organizational Development

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Training and Organizational Development Contact: Ellen Audley Assistant, (970) 491-1376, Ellen training and development opportunities for personal and professional growth for Colorado State University training and organiza- tional development consulting services are also available. Class Location: Johnson

  16. Training and Organizational Development

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stephens, Graeme L.

    Training and Organizational Development Contact: Ellen Audley Assistant, 491-1376, Ellen training and development opportunities for personal and professional growth for Colorado State University training and organizational development consulting services are also available. Class Location: Johnson

  17. What is Community Development

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Taylor, Greg

    2009-04-01

    This publication offers a practical definition of community development for county Extension educators. It also offers examples of goals and objectives for various resource development areas in a community. A list of community development...

  18. 03/01/2006 09:51 AMLoading "People's Daily Online --Chinese experimental thermonuclear reactor on discharge test in July" Page 1 of 1http://english.people.com.cn/200603/01/print20060301_247035.html

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    03/01/2006 09:51 AMLoading "People's Daily Online -- Chinese experimental thermonuclear reactor experimental thermonuclear reactor on discharge test in July China's new generation experimental Tokamak fusion and the former Soviet Union launched a 10 billion- euro ambitious plan, the International Thermonuclear

  19. B r y n S a d o w n i k , M a r k J a c c a r d Shaping Sustainable Energy Use in Chinese Cities

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    is used to evaluate aggregate energy-related emissions in the year 2015 from two alternative sce- narios-use planning, site and building de- sign, alternative energy supply and transportation management. Recommen would aggregate energy-related air emissions differ in alternative scenarios of future Chinese urban

  20. Part of the Climate Change Problem . . . and the Solution? Chinese-Made Wind Power Technology and Opportunities for Dissemination

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lewis, Joanna I.

    2005-01-01

    plans for onshore and offshore wind energy development in early problems with offshore wind turbines. 20 Figure 3.  

  1. NITINOL ENGINE DEVELOPMENT

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Banks, Ridgway

    2013-01-01

    20, 1976 LBL-5293 NITINOL ENGINE DEVELOPMENT Ridgway Banksof California. NITINOL ENGINE DEVELOPMENT Ridgway Banks andof practical heat engines based on this phenomenon is

  2. Clean Energy Development Fund

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)

    Vermont's Clean Energy Development Fund (CEDF) was established in 2005 to promote the development and deployment of cost-effective and environmentally sustainable electric power and thermal...

  3. ORISE: Web Development

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Web Development As computer-based applications become increasingly popular for the delivery of health care training and information, the need for Web development in support of...

  4. NITINOL ENGINE DEVELOPMENT

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Banks, Ridgway

    2013-01-01

    16-20, 1976 LBL-5293 NITINOL ENGINE DEVELOPMENT RidgwayUniversity of California. NITINOL ENGINE DEVELOPMENT Ridgwaynickel-titanium alloy "55-Nitinol." Details of the current

  5. Developing Alaskan Sustainable Housing

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)

    The Association of Alaska Housing Authorities is holding a 3-day training event for housing development professionals titled Developing Alaskan Sustainable Housing (DASH). This is a unique...

  6. The Human Capital Ecosystem Underlying the PLA’s Network Weapons Development

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    McREYNOLDS, Joe; RAGLAND, Leigh A.; CHANG, Amy

    2015-01-01

    pri- vate-sector information security and computer sciencein the IT and information security sectors. The scope ofwhite-hat Chinese information security researchers have said

  7. A Low Carbon Development Guide for Local Government Actions in China

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zheng, Nina

    2012-01-01

    ASE) and American Council on Renewable Energy (ACORE). 2010.in Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy from the UnitedChinese.pdf Renewable Energy and Energy Efficiency

  8. The Impact of Urban Development on Disparities in Exposures and Health in Xi’an, China

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gao, Meiling

    2015-01-01

    Worsening Air Pollution Decentralized cities and growth inambient air pollution in Chinese cities. Because consistentAir Pollution and Mortality in Six U.S. Cities. ” New

  9. for the future DEVELOPMENT

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Birmingham, University of

    . Metallurgy and Materials development continues The iconic building before refurbishment The welcoming new

  10. ZU CHONGZHI CHINESE CALENDAR

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Aslaksen, Helmer

    Zu Chang was himself a skilled engineer and inventor who held the post of Minister of Construction last been built by the genius inventor Ma Jun in the Wei Dynasty, 2

  11. Chinese Business Law Postgraduate

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Einmahl, Uwe

    · Contracts for supply and use of electricity, water, gas or heating · Contracts for donation · Contracts for construction projects · Contracts for transportation · Contracts for technology · Contracts for storage · Financial law · Foreign exchange regulation · Government procurement law · Price fixing regulations Courses

  12. Options for developing countries in mining development

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Walrond, G.W.; Kumar, R.

    1985-01-01

    This book is a study of the issues that developing countries face in planning and implementing mineral development, taking as case studies Botswana, Sierra Leone, Zambia, Tanzania, Malaysia, Papua New Guinea and the developed states of Quebec and Western Australia. The authors consider the major aspects of the matter including organization and administration; regulation; taxation and surplus distribution; the dynamics of such instruments as royalty, rent resource tax and capital allowances under various cost/price scenarios; and selected mining agreements and their key provisions. They stress throughout the need for foreign investment while maximizing the economic benefits reaped from exhaustible resources.

  13. Part of the Climate Change Problem . . . and the Solution? Chinese-Made Wind Power Technology and Opportunities for Dissemination

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lewis, Joanna I.

    2005-01-01

    Commercial  Scale  Wind  Turbines  in  Canada. ”  April Development of China?s Wind Turbine  Manufacturing Industry duties  on  importing wind turbine components.   13   “

  14. Hanford Site Development Plan

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Rinne, C.A.; Curry, R.H.; Hagan, J.W.; Seiler, S.W.; Sommer, D.J. ); Yancey, E.F. )

    1990-01-01

    The Hanford Site Development Plan (Site Development Plan) is intended to guide the short- and long-range development and use of the Hanford Site. All acquisition, development, and permanent facility use at the Hanford Site will conform to the approved plan. The Site Development Plan also serves as the base document for all subsequent studies that involve use of facilities at the Site. This revision is an update of a previous plan. The executive summary presents the highlights of the five major topics covered in the Site Development Plan: general site information, existing conditions, planning analysis, Master Plan, and Five-Year Plan. 56 refs., 67 figs., 31 tabs.

  15. Internet Polling Development Report 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Klima, P.; Lockhart, D.; Haberl, J. S.

    2001-01-01

    This is the final report which documents the development of Internet-based data logger polling. The project consists of two main tasks: the development of automated polling procedures that can be launched remotely with no operator input...

  16. Intel Architecture Software Developer's

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dinda, Peter A.

    Intel Architecture Software Developer's Manual Volume 1: Basic Architecture NOTE: The Intel Architecture Software Developer's Manual consists of three volumes: Basic Architecture, Order Number 243190 sustaining applications. Intel may make changes to specifications and product descriptions at any time

  17. Developing a Marketing Plan 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bevers, Stan; Waller, Mark L.; Amosson, Stephen H.; McCorkle, Dean

    2009-03-02

    Developing a good marketing plan will help you identify and quantify costs, set price goals, determine potential price outlook, examine production and price risk, and develop a strategy for marketing your crop. This publication describes...

  18. Essays in development economics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Keniston, Daniel Eben

    2011-01-01

    Chapter 1 looks at the empirical estimation of the welfare impacts of bargaining. Bargaining for retail goods is common in developing countries, but rare in the developed world. The welfare implications of this difference ...

  19. Essays in Development Economics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Keats, Anthony

    2012-01-01

    Discontinuity Designs in Economics," Journal of EconomicJournal of Development Economics 87(1): 57-75. [21] Ozier,Journal of Development Economics 94, 151-163. [9] Delavande,

  20. RELAP-7 Development

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    During the second quarter, the Reactor team drafted software development guidance documents and a software quality assurance plan.

  1. Gammasphere software development

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Piercey, R.B.

    1993-01-01

    Activities of the nuclear physics group are described. Progress was made in organizing the Gammasphere Software Working Group, establishing a nuclear computing facility, participating in software development at Lawrence Berkeley, developing a common data file format, and adapting the ORNL UPAK software to run at Gammasphere. A universal histogram object was developed that defines a file format and provides for an objective-oriented programming model. An automated liquid nitrogen fill system was developed for Gammasphere (110 Ge detectors comprise the sphere).

  2. 2013 Nuclear Workforce Development ...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Nuclear Workforce Development Day Tuesday, October 22, 2013 Nuclear Medicine Topics: Pathways of Practice in Nuclear Medicine Radiopharmacy Patient Care ...

  3. DEVELOPING STATE POLICIES SUPPORTIVE OF BIOENERGY DEVELOPMENT

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kathryn Baskin

    2004-10-31

    Working within the context of the Southern States Biobased Alliance (SSBA) and with officials in each state, the Southern States Energy Board (SSEB) is identifying bioenergy-related policies and programs within each state to determine their impact on the development, deployment or use of bioenergy. In addition, SSEB will determine which policies have impacted industry's efforts to develop, deploy or use biobased technologies or products. As a result, SSEB will work with the Southern States Biobased Alliance to determine how policy changes might address any negative impacts or enhance positive impacts. In addition to analysis of domestic policies and programs, this project will include the development of a U.S.-Brazil Biodiesel Pilot Project. The purpose of this effort is to promote and facilitate the commercialization of biodiesel and bioenergy production and demand in Brazil.

  4. DEVELOPING STATE POLICIES SUPPORTIVE OF BIOENERGY DEVELOPMENT

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kathryn Baskin

    2005-04-30

    Working within the context of the Southern States Biobased Alliance (SSBA) and with officials in each state, the Southern States Energy Board (SSEB) is identifying bioenergy-related policies and programs within each state to determine their impact on the development, deployment or use of bioenergy. In addition, SSEB will determine which policies have impacted industry's efforts to develop, deploy or use biobased technologies or products. As a result, SSEB will work with the Southern States Biobased Alliance to determine how policy changes might address any negative impacts or enhance positive impacts. In addition to analysis of domestic policies and programs, this project will include the development of a U.S.-Brazil Biodiesel Pilot Project. The purpose of this effort is to promote and facilitate the commercialization of biodiesel and bioenergy production and demand in Brazil.

  5. DEVELOPING STATE POLICIES SUPPORTIVE OF BIOENERGY DEVELOPMENT

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kathryn Baskin

    2005-01-31

    Working within the context of the Southern States Biobased Alliance (SSBA) and with officials in each state, the Southern States Energy Board (SSEB) is identifying bioenergy-related policies and programs within each state to determine their impact on the development, deployment or use of bioenergy. In addition, SSEB will determine which policies have impacted industry's efforts to develop, deploy or use biobased technologies or products. As a result, SSEB will work with the Southern States Biobased Alliance to determine how policy changes might address any negative impacts or enhance positive impacts. In addition to analysis of domestic policies and programs, this project will include the development of a U.S.-Brazil Biodiesel Pilot Project. The purpose of this effort is to promote and facilitate the commercialization of biodiesel and bioenergy production and demand in Brazil.

  6. DEVELOPING STATE POLICIES SUPPORTIVE OF BIOENERGY DEVELOPMENT

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kathryn Baskin

    2004-07-28

    Working within the context of the Southern States Biobased Alliance (SSBA) and with officials in each state, the Southern States Energy Board (SSEB) is identifying bioenergy-related policies and programs within each state to determine their impact on the development, deployment or use of bioenergy. In addition, SSEB will determine which policies have impacted industry's efforts to develop, deploy or use biobased technologies or products. As a result, SSEB will work with the Southern States Biobased Alliance to determine how policy changes might address any negative impacts or enhance positive impacts. In addition to analysis of domestic policies and programs, this project will include the development of a U.S.-Brazil Biodiesel Pilot Project. The purpose of this effort is to promote and facilitate the commercialization of biodiesel and bioenergy production and demand in Brazil.

  7. performance development and compensation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dennett, Daniel

    · ProvidinginputtothePerformanceReviewprocess. Human Resources serves as a resource for school/division leadershipperformance development and compensation programs @WorkGuidebook #12;4 | Tufts University Human performance development program Tufts Competencies 5 The @Work Performance Development and Compensation Cycle

  8. Mechanisms in Plant Development

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hake, Sarah

    2013-08-21

    This meeting has been held every other year for the past twenty-two years and is the only regularly held meeting focused specifically on plant development. Topics covered included: patterning in developing tissues; short and long distance signaling; differentiation of cell types; the role of epigenetics in development; evolution; growth.

  9. Scienceandthe DevelopingWorld

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    -quality research and to provide education in order to promote science in the developing world. As we celebrate our to evolve in response to a changing world, initiating efforts where new priorities--and new potential and supporting science in the developing world. 2 New Research Areas: Develop new research areas

  10. Coated Conductor Technology Development

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Coated Conductor Technology Development Roadmap Priority Research & Development Activities Leading for Electric Systems Program Prepared by: Energetics, Incorporated #12;Coated Conductor Development Roadmap of high-quality, low-cost coated conductors that will lead to industrial-scale commercial manufacturing

  11. Sandia Energy - Advanced Research & Development

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    & Development Home Stationary Power Energy Conversion Efficiency Solar Energy Photovoltaics Advanced Research & Development Advanced Research & DevelopmentCoryne...

  12. The developer`s competitive advantage

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    DeLugo, E.M. Jr. [Ridgewood Power Corp., NJ (United States)

    1994-09-01

    When developers seek funding for power projects today, they are entering a financial market that is well versed in the risk and reward characteristics of independent power projects. Over the past several years, a high demand for project funding, combined with a variety of well-publicized fiascoes has caused many investors and lenders to adopt a more cautious posture toward leveraged ventures.

  13. Two Birds with One Stone? Possible Dual-Targeting H1N1 Inhibitors from Traditional Chinese Medicine

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chen, Yu-Chian

    The H1N1 influenza pandemic of 2009 has claimed over 18,000 lives. During this pandemic, development of drug resistance further complicated efforts to control and treat the widespread illness. This research utilizes ...

  14. Essays in Development Economics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bazzi, Samuel Ali

    are weak,” Review of Economics and Statistics, 2004, 86,Essays in Development Economics A dissertation submitted indegree Doctor of Philosophy in Economics by Samuel Ali Bazzi

  15. Laboratory Directed Research & Development

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ohta, Shigemi

    ......................................................................5 Photovoltaics: Nanostructure, Solvent Annealing and Performance..............................................7 Solar Energy Source Evaluation for Smart Grid Development of a Collaborative NREL, BNL, LDRD........................................................................17

  16. Synergizing in Cyberinfrastructure Development

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bietz, Matthew J.; Baumer, Eric P.; Lee, Charlotte P.

    2010-01-01

    relationships with grantees to develop new collaborations (approach potential grantees directly and work with them towith and among its grantees. The project was designed around

  17. Technical Assistance to Developers

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Rockward, Tommy; Borup, Rodney L.; Garzon, Fernando H.; Mukundan, Rangachary; Spernjak, Dusan

    2012-07-17

    This task supports the allowance of technical assistance to fuel-cell component and system developers as directed by the DOE. This task includes testing of novel materials and participation in the further development and validation of single cell test protocols. This task also covers technical assistance to DOE Working Groups, the U.S. Council for Automotive Research (USCAR) and the USCAR/DOE Driving Research and Innovation for Vehicle efficiency and Energy sustainability (U.S. Drive) Fuel Cell Technology Team. Assistance includes technical validation of new fuel cell materials and methods, single cell fuel cell testing to support the development of targets and test protocols, and regular advisory participation in other working groups and reviews. This assistance is made available to PEM fuel cell developers by request and DOE Approval. The objectives are to: (1) Support technically, as directed by DOE, fuel cell component and system developers; (2) Assess fuel cell materials and components and give feedback to developers; (3) Assist the DOE Durability Working Group with the development of various new material durability Testing protocols; and (4) Provide support to the U.S. Council for Automotive Research (USCAR) and the USCAR/DOE Fuel Cell Technology Team. FY2012 specific technical objectives are: (1) Evaluate novel MPL materials; (2) Develop of startup/ shutdown protocol; (3) Test the impact of hydrophobic treatment on graphite bi-polar plates; (4) Perform complete diagnostics on metal bi-polar plates for corrosion; and (5) Participate and lead efforts in the DOE Working Groups.

  18. Wind Economic Development (Postcard)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    2011-08-01

    The U.S. Department of Energy's Wind Powering America initiative provides information on the economic development benefits of wind energy. This postcard is a marketing piece that stakeholders can provide to interested parties; it will guide them to the economic development benefits section on the Wind Powering America website.

  19. Developments in Human Communication

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Thompson, Michael

    CMST 1B03 Developments in Human Communication: Part & Present Amanda Etches-Johnson Mills Research in Human Communication Session Outline 1. Finding Books Using MORRIS 2. Finding Journal Articles using: Developments in Human Communication What is MORRIS anyway? · MORRIS is McMaster's library catalogue · Shows

  20. Introducing Web Application Development

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ding, Wei

    Introducing Web Application Development Instructor: Dr Wei Ding Development Instructor: Dr.Wei Ding Fall 2009 1CS 437/637 Database-BackedWeb Sites andWeb Services Introduction: Internet vs. World Wide Web Internet is an interconnected network of thousands ofInternet is an interconnected network

  1. Sun Academic Developer Program

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Davenport, James

    Sun Academic Developer Program Kim Jones Vice President Government, Education & Health Care Sun Microsystems, Inc. FY08 Campus Ambassador Programme Your Name Here Sun Microsystems, Inc. #12;2 FY08 Campus Ambassador Programme #12;3 Sun Academic Developer Initiative On-Campus Events and Contests Open Source

  2. Aggressive development plans

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    McCandless, D.H.

    1993-11-01

    Hydropower developments are capital-intensive, are subject to uncertainty in water availability, and have a somewhat higher construction-cost risk than thermal projects. However, a developer who selects an attractive site, arranges a good financial package, and designs and constructs a well-conceived hydropower project can earn an attractive long-term return while providing a dependable, low-cost source of energy to consumers. In the Philippines, many attractive hydropower sites are now available. As demonstrated by the attendance at the US Trade and Development Agency-sponsored Symposium on Power Development and Investment Opportunities in the Philippines, in Washington, D.C., on Sept. 21 and 22, 1993, there is a growing interest in private hydropower. Following its successful record in implementing thermal private power developments, the Philippines now offers many attractive opportunities to exploit its tremendous potential in the hydropower sector.

  3. Part of the Climate Change Problem . . . and the Solution? Chinese-Made Wind Power Technology and Opportunities for Dissemination

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lewis, Joanna I.

    2005-01-01

    and  Technology  (MOST)  has  subsidized wind energy R&D Wind  energy  development  in  China:  institutional  dynamics  and  policy  incentives. ”   International Journal of Energy Technology wind  power  a  more  cost?effective  option  for  countries  around  the  world looking to leapfrog to cleaner energy technologies.  

  4. Liga developer apparatus system

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Boehme, Dale R. (Pleasanton, CA); Bankert, Michelle A. (San Francisco, CA); Christenson, Todd R. (Albuquerque, NM)

    2003-01-01

    A system to fabricate precise, high aspect ratio polymeric molds by photolithograpic process is described. The molds for producing micro-scale parts from engineering materials by the LIGA process. The invention is a developer system for developing a PMMA photoresist having exposed patterns comprising features having both very small sizes, and very high aspect ratios. The developer system of the present invention comprises a developer tank, an intermediate rinse tank and a final rinse tank, each tank having a source of high frequency sonic agitation, temperature control, and continuous filtration. It has been found that by moving a patterned wafer, through a specific sequence of developer/rinse solutions, where an intermediate rinse solution completes development of those portions of the exposed resist left undeveloped after the development solution, by agitating the solutions with a source of high frequency sonic vibration, and by adjusting and closely controlling the temperatures and continuously filtering and recirculating these solutions, it is possible to maintain the kinetic dissolution of the exposed PMMA polymer as the rate limiting step.

  5. Microsystem product development.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Polosky, Marc A.; Garcia, Ernest J.

    2006-04-01

    Over the last decade the successful design and fabrication of complex MEMS (MicroElectroMechanical Systems), optical circuits and ASICs have been demonstrated. Packaging and integration processes have lagged behind MEMS research but are rapidly maturing. As packaging processes evolve, a new challenge presents itself, microsystem product development. Product development entails the maturation of the design and all the processes needed to successfully produce a product. Elements such as tooling design, fixtures, gages, testers, inspection, work instructions, process planning, etc., are often overlooked as MEMS engineers concentrate on design, fabrication and packaging processes. Thorough, up-front planning of product development efforts is crucial to the success of any project.

  6. Microsystem Product Development

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Polosky, M -A

    2007-01-01

    Over the last decade the successful design and fabrication of complex MEMS (MicroElectroMechanical Systems), optical circuits and ASICs have been demonstrated. Packaging and integration processes have lagged behind MEMS research but are rapidly maturing. As packaging processes evolve, a new challenge presents itself, microsystem product development. Product development entails the maturation of the design and all the processes needed to successfully produce a product. Elements such as tooling design, fixtures, gages, testers, inspection, work instructions, process planning, etc., are often overlooked as MEMS engineers concentrate on design, fabrication and packaging processes. Thorough, up-front planning of product development efforts is crucial to the success of any project.

  7. Sustainable Development Conference

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    The event drew more that 1,000 participants and speakers, including the presidents of Liberia, Malta and Rwanda; the First Lady of Panama; and U.N. Sustainable Development...

  8. Political elites and development

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Querubín Borrero, Pablo

    2010-01-01

    This dissertation consists of three essays on the behavior of political elites and their effect on economic development. The first two chapters focus on political dynasties in the Philippines while the third chapter analyzes ...

  9. Essays on development finance

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fischer, Gregory M. (Gregory Mark)

    2008-01-01

    This thesis consists of three essays that examine investment choices in less developed countries. Chapter 1 examines how the structure of existing microfinance contracts may discourage risky but high-expected return ...

  10. Essays on development economics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ruthbah, Ummul Hasanath

    2007-01-01

    This dissertation is a collection of three independent papers in empirical development economics. The first chapter studies the effect of a family planning program in Bangladesh, which successfully reduced fertility, on ...

  11. Acquisition Career Development Program

    Broader source: Directives, Delegations, and Requirements [Office of Management (MA)]

    2004-04-19

    This Order establishes training and certification requirements and career development programs under the Acquisition Career Development (ACD) Program for DOE and NNSA acquisition workforce. The acquisition workforce includes contracting, purchasing, personal property management, program management, Contracting Officers and Contracting Officer Representatives. The ACD Program implements the Office of Federal Procurement Policy (OFPP) requirements, Federal Acquisition Regulation (FAR) requirements, Federal Acquisition Reform Act (FARA) requirements, and the objectives of Executive Order (E.O.) 129231, Federal Procurement Reform, dated 10-13-1994. This order cancels DOE O 361.1, Acquisition Career Development Program, dated 11-10-99, AND Acquisition Letter 2003-05, Personal Property Management Career Development, Training, and Certification Program, dated 9-10-03. Cancels DOE O 361.1 Chg 2. Canceled by DOE O 361.1B.

  12. Arthropod Growth & Development

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Brown, Christopher A.

    pathways in insects Ametabolous insects resemble small adults at hatching, lacking only fully developed, a stadium 1st instar may not always be the one to emerge from egg In nearly all terrestrial arthropods

  13. Sustaining development in Detroit

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Resnick, Noah Samuel, 1977-

    2004-01-01

    The intent of this thesis is to propose a strategy for stabilizing and increasing the disparate pieces of development that form the traces of the once great industrial city of Detroit. It focuses primarily on Fordism as a ...

  14. Training and Development

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    California at Santa Cruz, University of

    Training and Development Administration Assistant Vice Chancellor Lori Castro VC Business Senior Manager Conflict Resolution Nancy Heischman Training Coordinator Vacant Principal Technical Training Consultant Frank Widman Health Care Facilitator / Interim Benefits Manager Frank Trueba Disability

  15. Development of Portable Detectors

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    None

    2006-12-01

    The purpose of this Cooperative Research and Development Agreement (CRADA) between UT-Battelle, LLC (the “Contractor”) and Sense Holdings, Inc. (the “Participant”) was for the development of hand-held detectors with high sensitivity and selectivity for the detection of explosives, toxic industrial chemicals and materials, and other materials of interest for security applications. The two parties built a series of demonstration and prototype handheld sensors based upon micoelectromechanical systems (MEMS) with electronic readout.

  16. Acquisition Career Development Program

    Broader source: Directives, Delegations, and Requirements [Office of Management (MA)]

    2003-06-13

    To set forth requirements and responsibilities for the Department of Energy (DOE) Acquisition Career Development (ACD) Program, which implements Office of Federal Procurement Policy (OFPP) requirements, Federal Acquisition Regulation (FAR) requirements, Federal Acquisition Reform Act (FARA) requirements, and the career development objectives of Executive Order (E.O.) 12931. Change 1 approved 12-20-2001. Change 2 approved 06-13-03. Cancels DOE O 361.1 Chg 1. Canceled by DOE O 361.1A.

  17. Acquisition Career Development Program

    Broader source: Directives, Delegations, and Requirements [Office of Management (MA)]

    2001-12-20

    To set forth requirements and responsibilities for the Department of Energy (DOE) Acquisition Career Development (ACD) Program, which implements Office of Federal Procurement Policy (OFPP) requirements, Federal Acquisition Regulation (FAR) requirements, Federal Acquisition Reform Act (FARA) requirements, and the career development objectives of Executive Order (E.O.) 12931. Change 1 approved 12-20-2001. Cancels DOE O 361.1. Canceled by DOE O 361.1 Chg 2.

  18. Review: Theories of Sustainable Development

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Laberge, Yves

    2015-01-01

    Review: Theories of Sustainable Development Edited By JudithTheories of Sustainable Development. Abingdon: Routledge,Routledge Studies in Sustainable Development. Theories of

  19. Sustainable Development Summer Intern Report 2013 Sustainable Development Summer Intern

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sustainable Development Summer Intern Report 2013 Sustainable Development Summer Intern Final amongst university's invested in sustainable development. Our small but mighty size allows us to build through positive sustainable practices. As the Sustainable Development Summer Intern I am fortunate enough

  20. Sustainable Development Summer Intern Report 2010 Sustainable Development Summer Intern

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sustainable Development Summer Intern Report 2010 1 Sustainable Development Summer Intern Final of Bishop's University. The role of the Sustainable Development Summer Intern (SDSI) is to coordinate and organize sustainable development information and activities during the summer months. Ensuring

  1. Emergency Response Guideline Development

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Gary D. Storrick

    2007-09-30

    Task 5 of the collaborative effort between ORNL, Brazil, and Westinghouse for the International Nuclear Energy Research Initiative entitled “Development of Advanced Instrumentation and Control for an Integrated Primary System Reactor” focuses on operator control and protection system interaction, with particular emphasis on developing emergency response guidelines (ERGs). As in the earlier tasks, we will use the IRIS plant as a specific example of an integrated primary system reactor (IPSR) design. The present state of the IRIS plant design – specifically, the lack of a detailed secondary system design – precludes establishing detailed emergency procedures at this time. However, we can create a structure for their eventual development. This report summarizes our progress to date. Section 1.2 describes the scope of this effort. Section 2 compares IPSR ERG development to the recent AP1000 effort, and identifies three key plant differences that affect the ERGs and control room designs. The next three sections investigate these differences in more detail. Section 3 reviews the IRIS Safety-by-Design™ philosophy and its impact on the ERGs. Section 4 looks at differences between the IRIS and traditional loop PWR I&C Systems, and considers their implications for both control room design and ERG development. Section 5 examines the implications of having one operating staff control multiple reactor units. Section 6 provides sample IRIS emergency operating procedures (EOPs). Section 7 summarizes our conclusions.

  2. Economic Development | ornl.gov

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Economic Development Carbon Fiber Cluster Strategy Additive Manufacturing Cluster Strategy Entrepreneurial Development Programs Oak Ridge Science and Technology Park Economic...

  3. Power Systems Development Facility

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Southern Company Services

    2009-01-31

    In support of technology development to utilize coal for efficient, affordable, and environmentally clean power generation, the Power Systems Development Facility (PSDF), located in Wilsonville, Alabama, has routinely demonstrated gasification technologies using various types of coals. The PSDF is an engineering scale demonstration of key features of advanced coal-fired power systems, including a Transport Gasifier, a hot gas particulate control device, advanced syngas cleanup systems, and high-pressure solids handling systems. This final report summarizes the results of the technology development work conducted at the PSDF through January 31, 2009. Twenty-one major gasification test campaigns were completed, for a total of more than 11,000 hours of gasification operation. This operational experience has led to significant advancements in gasification technologies.

  4. Graphite Technology Development Plan

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    W. Windes; T. Burchell; M.Carroll

    2010-10-01

    The Next Generation Nuclear Plant (NGNP) will be a helium-cooled High Temperature Gas Reactor (HTGR) with a large graphite core. Graphite physically contains the fuel and comprises the majority of the core volume. Graphite has been used effectively as a structural and moderator material in both research and commercial high-temperature gas-cooled reactors. This development has resulted in graphite being established as a viable structural material for HTGRs. While the general characteristics necessary for producing nuclear grade graphite are understood, historical “nuclear” grades no longer exist. New grades must be fabricated, characterized, and irradiated to demonstrate that current grades of graphite exhibit acceptable non-irradiated and irradiated properties upon which the thermomechanical design of the structural graphite in NGNP is based. This Technology Development Plan outlines the research and development (R&D) activities and associated rationale necessary to qualify nuclear grade graphite for use within the NGNP reactor.

  5. Hydropower research and development

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    NONE

    1997-03-01

    This report is a compilation of information on hydropower research and development (R and D) activities of the Federal government and hydropower industry. The report includes descriptions of on-going and planned R and D activities, 1996 funding, and anticipated future funding. Summary information on R and D projects and funding is classified into eight categories: fish passage, behavior, and response; turbine-related; monitoring tool development; hydrology; water quality; dam safety; operations and maintenance; and water resources management. Several issues in hydropower R and D are briefly discussed: duplication; priorities; coordination; technical/peer review; and technology transfer/commercialization. Project information sheets from contributors are included as an appendix.

  6. Cities and Sustainable Development

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    . The information and communications revolution has spawned the idea of the "smart city," which places the relevant technologies at the heart of systems that collect and respond to information: smart power grids, smartCities and Sustainable Development By: Jeffrey D. Sachs NOV 25, 2013 NEW YORK ­ Tacloban

  7. JAGUAR developer's manual.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Chan, Ethan

    2011-06-01

    JAGUAR (JAva GUi for Applied Research) is a Java software tool providing an advanced text editor and graphical user interface (GUI) to manipulate DAKOTA (Design Analysis Kit for Optimization and Terascale Applications) input specifications. This document focuses on the technical background necessary for a developer to understand JAGUAR.

  8. Accelerator Development @ Daresbury Laboratory

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    -injectors ­ Superconducting RF acceleration ­ Cryogenic systems ­ Advanced diagnostics ­ Free Electron Lasers ­ Photon beam radioisotopes. 2 Treatment & Diagnostics #12;Basic Accelerator Configuration 3 Beam Source Low Energy Capture electron beam technology development. 4 Booster Compressor IR-FEL Photoinjector Laser Linac Acceleration

  9. Developing hydropower overseas

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Smith, W.B. (Benham-Holway Power Group, Tulsa, OK (United States))

    1991-10-01

    This article examines how the National Hydropower Association (NHA) has found ways to support its members who desire to expand their business programs to foreign markets through participation in a wide range of government programs. The topics of the article include the market in developing countries, the certificate of review, products and services, and domestic and international competition.

  10. ECH Technology Development

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Temkin, Richard

    2014-12-24

    Electron Cyclotron Heating (ECH) is needed for plasma heating, current drive, plasma stability control, and other applications in fusion energy sciences research. The program of fusion energy sciences supported by U. S. DOE, Office of Science, Fusion Energy Sciences relies on the development of ECH technology to meet the needs of several plasma devices working at the frontier of fusion energy sciences research. The largest operating ECH system in the world is at DIII-D, consisting of six 1 MW, 110 GHz gyrotrons capable of ten second pulsed operation, plus two newer gyrotrons. The ECH Technology Development research program investigated the options for upgrading the DIII-D 110 GHz ECH system. Options included extending present-day 1 MW technology to 1.3 – 1.5 MW power levels or developing an entirely new approach to achieve up to 2 MW of power per gyrotron. The research consisted of theoretical research and designs conducted by Communication and Power Industries of Palo Alto, CA working with MIT. Results of the study would be validated in a later phase by research on short pulse length gyrotrons at MIT and long pulse / cw gyrotrons in industry. This research follows a highly successful program of development that has led to the highly reliable, six megawatt ECH system at the DIII-D tokamak. Eventually, gyrotrons at the 1.5 megawatt to multi-megawatt power level will be needed for heating and current drive in large scale plasmas including ITER and DEMO.

  11. International Policy International Development

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Watson, Andrew

    Research Strategy 2006-2009 International Policy Energy Adaptation International Development Coasts Change Research. Our strategy builds upon our previous work on integrated assessment, energy, adaptation of time. In this spirit, the Centre reconfirms its vision statement: "The Tyndall Centre is the UK network

  12. Renewable Energy Economic Development

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Renewable Energy Economic Development Dick Sheehy & Nate Monosoff, CH2M HILL March, 2010 #12;Contents 1. Who is CH2M HILL? 2. Why Do We Need Renewables? 3. Where Is The Wind Blowing? 4. Where Is The Sun Shining? 5. How To Catch Some Rays? 6. Renewable Related 2 Proprietary & Confidential #12;Where

  13. Leadership Development Readings

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The Leadership Development Readings is a comprehensive list of more than 700 ECQ-related leadership readings organized by ECQ intended to assist all current and aspiring government leaders’ efforts to broaden their organizational and management experience and expand their knowledge in the five Executive Core Qualifications as well as Fundamental Competencies.

  14. Developing the Environmental Health

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Developing the Environmental Health Workforce Direct from CDC's Environmental Health Services Branch CAPT Michael E. Herring, R.E.H.S., M.P.H. Editor's note: NEHA strives to provide up-to-date and relevant information on environmental health and to build part- nerships

  15. Energy Efficiency Project Development

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    IUEP

    2004-03-01

    The International Utility Efficiency Partnerships, Inc. (IUEP) has been a leader among the industry groups that have supported voluntary initiatives to promote international energy efficiency projects and address global climate change. The IUEP maintains its leadership by both supporting international greenhouse gas (GHG) reduction projects under the auspices of the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) and by partnering with U.S. and international organizations to develop and implement strategies and specific energy efficiency projects. The goals of the IUEP program are to (1) provide a way for U.S. industry to maintain a leadership role in international energy efficiency infrastructure projects; (2) identify international energy project development opportunities to continue its leadership in supporting voluntary market-based mechanisms to reduce GHG emissions; and (3) demonstrate private sector commitment to voluntary approaches to global climate issues. The IUEP is dedicated to identifying, promoting, managing, and assisting in the registration of international energy efficiency projects that result in demonstrated voluntary reductions of GHG emissions. This Final Technical Report summarizes the IUEP's work in identifying, promoting, managing, and assisting in development of these projects and IUEP's effort in creating international cooperative partnerships to support project development activities that develop and deploy technologies that (1) increase efficiency in the production, delivery and use of energy; (2) increase the use of cleaner, low-carbon fuels in processing products; and (3) capture/sequester carbon gases from energy systems. Through international cooperative efforts, the IUEP intends to strengthen partnerships for energy technology innovation and demonstration projects capable of providing cleaner energy in a cost-effective manner. As detailed in this report, the IUEP met program objectives and goals during the reporting period January 1, 2001 through December 31, 2002. At the request of the DOE, we have also included in this report additional activities during the reporting period January, 1999 through January, 2001. This additional information had been reported earlier in the Final Technical Reports that summarized activities undertaken in those earlier periods.

  16. e+ e- Factory Developments

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Sullivan, Michael; /SLAC

    2010-08-26

    The impressive performance of current (KEKB) and recent (PEP-II) B-Factory colliders has increased interest in developing even higher luminosity B-factories. Two new designs are being developed (SuperKEKB and SuperB). Both designs plan to deliver a luminosity in the range of 1 x 10{sup 36} cm{sup -2}s{sup -1}, nearly 100 times the present B-factory level. Achieving this high luminosity requires high-current beams and short bunch lengths and/or a new way of colliding the beams. The SuperB design employs a crabbed magnetic waist with a large crossing angle and the SuperKEKB design is looking at crab cavities with high-current beams and/or a travelling focus. I describe the designs being studied to achieve the high luminosity needed for the next generation of B-Factories.

  17. ADVANCED SORBENT DEVELOPMENT PROGRAM

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Unknown

    1998-06-16

    The overall objective of this program was to develop regenerable sorbents for use in the temperature range of 343 to 538 C (650 to 1000 F) to remove hydrogen sulfide (H{sub 2}S) from coal-derived fuel gases in a fluidized-bed reactor. The goal was to develop sorbents that are capable of reducing the H{sub 2}S level in the fuel gas to less than 20 ppmv in the specified temperature range and pressures in the range of 1 to 20 atmospheres, with chemical characteristics that permit cyclic regeneration over many cycles without a drastic loss of activity, as well as physical characteristics that are compatible with the fluidized bed application.

  18. Update on INSIGHTS Development

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Listed; Eric Burgett

    2011-09-01

    INSIGHTS is a transformational separate effects testing capability to perform in situ irradiation studies and characterization of the microscale behavior of nuclear fuel materials under a wide variety of in-pile conditions. Separate effects testing including growth, irradiation, and monitoring of these materials, and encompasses the full science based approach for fuels development from the nanoscale to the mesoscale behavior of the sample material and other defects driven by the modeling and simulation efforts of INL.

  19. Issue Development sheet Example

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    ISSUE DEVELOPMENT SHEET INFORMATION ONLY The information provided below indicates that a potential concern for finding has been identified. Please provide any objective evidence you may have that could either alleviate the concern or eliminate the finding. If no objective evidence is available/can be provided by the end of this audit (at the scheduled end of field work), this information will be included in the audit report and reported as a concern or an audit finding as appropriate.

  20. Acquisition Career Development Program

    Broader source: Directives, Delegations, and Requirements [Office of Management (MA)]

    1999-11-10

    The Order implements the Department's Acquisition Career Development program, mandatory for professionals in the GS-1102 and 1105 occupational procurement series, as well as others with significant procurement responsibilities. The Order also ensures that members of the acquisition workforce are aware of and adhere to the mandatory training and certification requirements. Cancels Acquisition Letter 98-06. Canceled by DOE O 361.1 Chg 1.

  1. Developing the Business of Technology

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Finley Jr., Russell L.

    -a-Company Find-a-Company vs. #12;Business Model What Combination of Business Activities? Research ProductDeveloping the Business of Technology #12;Developing the Business of Technology Universities Business Development Year 1 Year 2 Year 3 Year 4 Product Development Business Development Naďve Planning

  2. Central DevelopmentCentral Development LaboratoryLaboratory

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Groppi, Christopher

    efficiencyImprove production efficiency Develop InP amplifiers forDevelop InP amplifiers for bands down to 1

  3. A Low Carbon Development Guide for Local Government Actions in China

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zheng, Nina

    2012-01-01

    ASE) and American Council on Renewable Energy (ACORE). 2010.in Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy from the Unitedfiles/LBNL51608.2003.Chinese.pdf Renewable Energy and Energy

  4. The Human Capital Ecosystem Underlying the PLA’s Network Weapons Development

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    McREYNOLDS, Joe; RAGLAND, Leigh A.; CHANG, Amy

    2015-01-01

    activities) and grey-hat (hackers who engage in both legalcollaboration be- tween the hacker community and the PLA’searly generations of Chinese hackers have gone on to found

  5. China’s Shipbuilding Industry Development: A Boost for Naval Ship Production?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Collins, Gabe

    2010-01-01

    Complexity China’s top shipyards are closing the gap withof the world’s 40 largest shipyards in terms of deadweightcomplexity of Chinese shipyards’ output is already on par

  6. NOx Sensor Development

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Woo, L Y; Glass, R S

    2010-11-01

    NO{sub x} compounds, specifically NO and NO{sub 2}, are pollutants and potent greenhouse gases. Compact and inexpensive NO{sub x} sensors are necessary in the next generation of diesel (CIDI) automobiles to meet government emission requirements and enable the more rapid introduction of more efficient, higher fuel economy CIDI vehicles. Because the need for a NO{sub x} sensor is recent and the performance requirements are extremely challenging, most are still in the development phase. Currently, there is only one type of NO{sub x} sensor that is sold commercially, and it seems unlikely to meet more stringent future emission requirements. Automotive exhaust sensor development has focused on solid-state electrochemical technology, which has proven to be robust for in-situ operation in harsh, high-temperature environments (e.g., the oxygen stoichiometric sensor). Solid-state sensors typically rely on yttria-stabilized zirconia (YSZ) as the oxygen-ion conducting electrolyte and then target different types of metal or metal-oxide electrodes to optimize the response. Electrochemical sensors can be operated in different modes, including amperometric (a current is measured) and potentiometric (a voltage is measured), both of which employ direct current (dc) measurements. Amperometric operation is costly due to the electronics necessary to measure the small sensor signal (nanoampere current at ppm NO{sub x} levels), and cannot be easily improved to meet the future technical performance requirements. Potentiometric operation has not demonstrated enough promise in meeting long-term stability requirements, where the voltage signal drift is thought to be due to aging effects associated with electrically driven changes, both morphological and compositional, in the sensor. Our approach involves impedancemetric operation, which uses alternating current (ac) measurements at a specified frequency. The approach is described in detail in previous reports and several publications. Briefly, impedancemetric operation has shown the potential to overcome the drawbacks of other approaches, including higher sensitivity towards NO{sub x}, better long-term stability, potential for subtracting out background interferences, total NO{sub x} measurement, and lower cost materials and operation. Past LLNL research and development efforts have focused on characterizing different sensor materials and understanding complex sensing mechanisms. Continued effort has led to improved prototypes with better performance, including increased sensitivity (to less than 5 ppm) and long-term stability, with more appropriate designs for mass fabrication, including incorporation of an alumina substrate with an imbedded heater. Efforts in the last year to further improve sensor robustness have led to successful engine dynamometer testing with prototypes mounted directly in the engine manifold. Previous attempts had required exhaust gases to be routed into a separate furnace for testing due to mechanical failure of the sensor from engine vibrations. A more extensive cross-sensitivity study was also undertaken this last year to examine major noise factors including fluctuations in water, oxygen, and temperature. The quantitative data were then used to develop a strategy using numerical algorithms to improve sensor accuracy. The ultimate goal is the transfer of this technology to a supplier for commercialization. Due to the recent economic downturn, suppliers are demanding more comprehensive data and increased performance analysis before committing their resources to take the technology to market. Therefore, our NO{sub x} sensor work requires a level of technology development more thorough and extensive than ever before. The objectives are: (1) Develop an inexpensive, rapid-response, high-sensitivity and selective electrochemical sensor for oxides of nitrogen (NO{sub x}) for compression-ignition, direct-injection (CIDI) exhaust gas monitoring; (2) Explore and characterize novel, effective sensing methodologies based on impedance measurements and designs and manufacturing metho

  7. Product development practices that matter

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gupta, Nisheeth

    2010-01-01

    Product Development consists of activities to transforms a market opportunity and technological innovation into successful products. Several waves of improvements in technological innovation and product development have ...

  8. Developer Resources | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Library EPA: Developer Resources EPA: Data Finder EPA: eGrid Electricity Generation Environmental Impact Data Labor: Developer Tools NOAA: Climate Data Energy Department EIA:...

  9. Advanced Integrated Systems Technology Development

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2013-01-01

    Renewable Energy Technologies Transportation Advanced Integrated Systems Technology Development is the final report for the Advanced Integrated Systems Technology Development project (

  10. Conservation and economic development

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Sullivan, M.J.

    1992-05-01

    This oral presentation is about the Espanola Power Savers Project which involves both the utility and for the community. I`m going to spend much of my time today discussing why this project makes sense for the community, but I would like to start with a brief word about why community-based conservation makes sense for utilities. A number of reasons are listed to show why conservation is today`s energy resource of choice. But if, for a moment, we take that as a given and ask why community-based conservation programs are the right way to develop that resource, the answer is simple: They work!

  11. Conservation and economic development

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Sullivan, M.J.

    1992-05-01

    This oral presentation is about the Espanola Power Savers Project which involves both the utility and for the community. I'm going to spend much of my time today discussing why this project makes sense for the community, but I would like to start with a brief word about why community-based conservation makes sense for utilities. A number of reasons are listed to show why conservation is today's energy resource of choice. But if, for a moment, we take that as a given and ask why community-based conservation programs are the right way to develop that resource, the answer is simple: They work

  12. Photonics Research and Development

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Pookpanratana, Sujitra; Shlayan, Neveen; Venkat, Rama; Das, Bisjwajit; Boehm, Bob; Heske, Clemens; Fraser, Donald; Moustakas, Theodore

    2010-01-15

    During the period August 2005 through October 2009, the UNLV Research Foundation (UNLVRF), a non-profit affiliate of the University of Nevada, Las Vegas (UNLV), in collaboration with UNLVâ??s Colleges of Science and Engineering; Boston University (BU); Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL); and Sunlight Direct, LLC, has managed and conducted a diverse and comprehensive research and development program focused on light-emitting diode (LED) technologies that provide significantly improved characteristics for lighting and display applications. This final technical report provides detailed information on the nature of the tasks, the results of the research, and the deliverables. It is estimated that about five percent of the energy used in the nation is for lighting homes, buildings and streets, accounting for some 25 percent of the average homeâ??s electric bill. However, the figure is significantly higher for the commercial sector. About 60 percent of the electricity for businesses is for lighting. Thus replacement of current lighting with solid-state lighting technology has the potential to significantly reduce this nationâ??s energy consumption â?? by some estimates, possibly as high as 20%. The primary objective of this multi-year R&D project has been to develop and advance lighting technologies to improve national energy conversion efficiencies; reduce heat load; and significantly lower the cost of conventional lighting technologies. The UNLVRF and its partners have specifically focused these talents on (1) improving LED technologies; (2) optimizing hybrid solar lighting, a technology which potentially offers the benefits of blending natural with artificial lighting systems, thus improving energy efficiency; and (3) building a comprehensive academic infrastructure within UNLV which concentrates on photonics R&D. Task researchers have reported impressive progress in (1) the development of quantum dot laser emitting diodes (QDLEDs) which will ultimately improve energy efficiency and lower costs for display and lighting applications (UNLV College of Engineering); (2) advancing green LED technology based on the Indium-Gallium-Nitride system (BU), thus improving conversion efficiencies; (3) employing unique state-of-the-art X-ray, electron and optical spectroscopies with microscopic techniques to learn more about the electronic structure of materials and contacts in LED devices (UNLV College of Science); (4) establishing a UNLV Display Lighting Laboratory staffed with a specialized team of academic researchers, students and industrial partners focused on identifying and implementing engineering solutions for lighting display-related problems; and (5) conducting research, development and demonstration for HSL essential to the resolution of technological barriers to commercialization.

  13. Agricultural Market Development Abroad. 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kirby, James E.; McNeely, John G.

    1965-01-01

    for the repeal of the Smoot-Hawley Act in 1934 vith the passage of the Reciprocal Trade Agreement .kt. This new act marked a beginning of a liberal 1 ~rade policy based on reciprocal trade agreements. The Trade Expansion Act of 1962 was the culmin- ation... of organizations with which FAS entered into planning and (5) research in the physical sciences as Italian market development activities. a broad and cautious generalization to include al- l moft any type of study of the physical sciences. not 1. The ~ational...

  14. WINDExchange: Workforce Development

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity ofkandz-cm11 Outreach Home RoomPreservationBio-Inspired SolarAbout /Two0 -UsingHeatInformationDevelopment Resources

  15. SRNL LDRD - Developed Technologies

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantityBonneville Power AdministrationRobust, High-Throughput Analysis of Protein1-0845*RV6 Commercial value of4Developed Technologies

  16. Economic Development - SRSCRO

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of NaturalDukeWakefieldSulfateSciTechtail.Theory ofDid you not find what you wereDisclaimersMailEconomic Development As the

  17. Exciting new PDSF developments

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantityBonneville Power Administration would like submitKansasCommunitiesof Energy8) Wigner HomeExampleDevelopments UsingExciting

  18. Department of Development Sociology Development Sociology Minor Application

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chen, Tsuhan

    - Rethinking Global Development DSOC 3240 ­ Environment and Society DSOC 3311 - Environmental Governance DSOC

  19. MARSAME Develop A Survey Design 4 DEVELOP A SURVEY DESIGN

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    MARSAME Develop A Survey Design 4 DEVELOP A SURVEY DESIGN 4.1 Introduction Once a decision rule has been developed, a disposition survey can be designed for the impacted materials and equipment (M costly and time-consuming development of redundant survey designs. The evaluation of existing SOPs

  20. Inter-American Development Bank Sustainable Development Department

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Inter-American Development Bank Sustainable Development Department Environment Division Forest Correa Pertti Veijalainen Harri Ahveninen Inter-American Development Bank Washington, D.C. Sustainable. At the IDB the work was supervised by Kari Keipi of the Sustainable Development Department (SDS). Bank staff

  1. Downhole Fluid Analyzer Development

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bill Turner

    2006-11-28

    A novel fiber optic downhole fluid analyzer has been developed for operation in production wells. This device will allow real-time determination of the oil, gas and water fractions of fluids from different zones in a multizone or multilateral completion environment. The device uses near infrared spectroscopy and induced fluorescence measurement to unambiguously determine the oil, water and gas concentrations at all but the highest water cuts. The only downhole components of the system are the fiber optic cable and windows. All of the active components--light sources, sensors, detection electronics and software--will be located at the surface, and will be able to operate multiple downhole probes. Laboratory testing has demonstrated that the sensor can accurately determine oil, water and gas fractions with a less than 5 percent standard error. Once installed in an intelligent completion, this sensor will give the operating company timely information about the fluids arising from various zones or multilaterals in a complex completion pattern, allowing informed decisions to be made on controlling production. The research and development tasks are discussed along with a market analysis.

  2. Eltron Research & Development

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Evenson, Carl; Mackay, Richard; Faull, John

    2014-03-01

    This topical report covers technical work conducted under contract DE-FC26-05NT42469 between FY06 Q1 through FY14 Q2. The project evolved through several budget periods, budget revisions and continuation applications. This report covers work performed under the “base” program. In 2010 ARRA funding was added to the project. A separate report covering the ARRA portion of the project was submitted to DOE. The original project was focused on research and development for scale-up of hydrogen separation membrane for a FutureGen type power plant. The work included membrane testing and evaluation of metal alloy flat plates vs. tubes and metal membranes vs. cermet membranes. In addition, economic analysis and process modeling was performed. The original project team included CoorsTek, NORAM, and Praxair. In FY10Q2 a continuation application was filed for conducting a scale-up test at Eastman Chemical. In this part of the project a Subscale Engineering Prototype (SEP) membrane skid was designed, fabricated, and operated on a gasified coal slip-stream on Eastman’s site in Kingsport, TN. Following operation, the project was reorganized and a second continuation application with a new statement of work was initiated in FY12Q1. Finally, based on DOE’s decision not to proceed with a Process Development Unit (PDU) field test, a third continuation application and statement of work was initiated in FY13Q1 to close out the project.

  3. Advanced Hydrogen Turbine Development

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Joesph Fadok

    2008-01-01

    Siemens has developed a roadmap to achieve the DOE goals for efficiency, cost reduction, and emissions through innovative approaches and novel technologies which build upon worldwide IGCC operational experience, platform technology, and extensive experience in G-class operating conditions. In Phase 1, the technologies and concepts necessary to achieve the program goals were identified for the gas turbine components and supporting technology areas and testing plans were developed to mitigate identified risks. Multiple studies were conducted to evaluate the impact in plant performance of different gas turbine and plant technologies. 2015 gas turbine technologies showed a significant improvement in IGCC plant efficiency, however, a severe performance penalty was calculated for high carbon capture cases. Thermodynamic calculations showed that the DOE 2010 and 2015 efficiency targets can be met with a two step approach. A risk management process was instituted in Phase 1 to identify risk and develop mitigation plans. For the risks identified, testing and development programs are in place and the risks will be revisited periodically to determine if changes to the plan are necessary. A compressor performance prediction has shown that the design of the compressor for the engine can be achieved with additional stages added to the rear of the compressor. Tip clearance effects were studied as well as a range of flow and pressure ratios to evaluate the impacts to both performance and stability. Considerable data was obtained on the four candidate combustion systems: diffusion, catalytic, premix, and distributed combustion. Based on the results of Phase 1, the premixed combustion system and the distributed combustion system were chosen as having the most potential and will be the focus of Phase 2 of the program. Significant progress was also made in obtaining combustion kinetics data for high hydrogen fuels. The Phase 1 turbine studies indicate initial feasibility of the advanced hydrogen turbine that meets the aggressive targets set forth for the advanced hydrogen turbine, including increased rotor inlet temperature (RIT), lower total cooling and leakage air (TCLA) flow, higher pressure ratio, and higher mass flow through the turbine compared to the baseline. Maintaining efficiency with high mass flow Syngas combustion is achieved using a large high AN2 blade 4, which has been identified as a significant advancement beyond the current state-of-the-art. Preliminary results showed feasibility of a rotor system capable of increased power output and operating conditions above the baseline. In addition, several concepts were developed for casing components to address higher operating conditions. Rare earth modified bond coat for the purpose of reducing oxidation and TBC spallation demonstrated an increase in TBC spallation life of almost 40%. The results from Phase 1 identified two TBC compositions which satisfy the thermal conductivity requirements and have demonstrated phase stability up to temperatures of 1850 C. The potential to join alloys using a bonding process has been demonstrated and initial HVOF spray deposition trials were promising. The qualitative ranking of alloys and coatings in environmental conditions was also performed using isothermal tests where significant variations in alloy degradation were observed as a function of gas composition. Initial basic system configuration schematics and working system descriptions have been produced to define key boundary data and support estimation of costs. Review of existing materials in use for hydrogen transportation show benefits or tradeoffs for materials that could be used in this type of applications. Hydrogen safety will become a larger risk than when using natural gas fuel as the work done to date in other areas has shown direct implications for this type of use. Studies were conducted which showed reduced CO{sub 2} and NOx emissions with increased plant efficiency. An approach to maximize plant output is needed in order to address the DOE turbine goal for 20-30% reduction o

  4. Ripeness sensor development

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1992-11-01

    About 20--25% of the total production of fruits and vegetables in the USA must be discarded after harvest About 25--30% of this loss is the result of over-ripening and this loss represents about 8.39 [times] 10[sup 12] BTU of invested energy every year. This invested energy could be saved by non-destructive ripeness sensing. Sweetness is an important indicator of fruit quality and highly correlated with ripeness in most fruits. Research to develop a non-destructive fruit ripeness sensor has been conducted in the Agricultural Engineering Department at Purdue University. It is based on [sup 1]H-MR (proton Magnetic Resonance). A first generation prototype of the ripeness sensor based on [sup 1]H-MR was built and tested with. Results show that the sensor can discriminate small fruit (0.75 in diameter or smaller) differing in sugar content by 6%. This prototype can separate the fruit into at least two groups: one ripe and the other not ripe. The estimated cost for such a ripeness sensor is around $4,000. The signal sensitivity of the prototype can be improved to enable it to differentiate between fruits varying in sugar content by only 1 or 2% by using water peak suppression techniques to recover relatively weak sugar resonance signals in intact fruits, modifying circuits to eliminate noise, leakage and distortion of input/output signals, improving the magnetic console to get a higher magnetic field and better homogeneity, and designing a probe to achieve a higher signal-to-noise (S/N) ratio. As research continues a second generation ripeness sensor will be developed which will incorporate many of the improvements and which will be suitable for commercial use. Additional research will allow application of the technique to a wider range of fruit sizes (from blueberries to watermelons). This report describes estimated energy savings, feasibility studies, development of the initial prototype, and preliminary evaluation of the first generation prototype.

  5. Breakthrough Vehicle Development - Fuel Cells

    Fuel Cell Technologies Publication and Product Library (EERE)

    Document describing research and development program for fuel cell power systems for transportation applications.

  6. Process Development for Nanostructured Photovoltaics

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    None

    2011-05-31

    Fact sheet describing low-cost nanofabrication method to develop nanostructured, dye-sensitized solar cells

  7. RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT ACTIVITIES IN

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hasýrcý, Vasýf

    COOPERATION DEVELOPMENT PROGRAMMES FOR CENTERS (MGEP) 35 INITIATIVE FOR RENEWABLE ENERGY, ECOSYSTEMS BY THE MINISTRY OF DEVELOPMENT 14 RESEARCH INFRASTRUCTURE DEVELOPMENT PROJECTS 15 NATIONAL AND INTERNATIONAL-going research and development projects in METU, excluding the projects supported within BAP (Scientific Research

  8. Alloys in energy development

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Frost, B.R.T.

    1984-02-01

    The development of new and advanced energy systems often requires the tailoring of new alloys or alloy combinations to meet the novel and often stringent requirements of those systems. Longer life at higher temperatures and stresses in aggressive environments is the most common goal. Alloy theory helps in achieving this goal by suggesting uses of multiphase systems and intermediate phases, where solid solutions were traditionally used. However, the use of materials under non-equilibrium conditions is now quite common - as with rapidly solidified metals - and the application of alloy theory must be modified accordingly. Under certain conditions, as in a reactor core, the rate of approach to equilibrium will be modified; sometimes a quasi-equilibrium is established. Thus an alloy may exhibit enhanced general diffusion at the same time as precipitate particles are being dispersed and solute atoms are being carried to vacancy sinks. We are approaching an understanding of these processes and can begin to model these complex systems.

  9. Advanced servomanipulator development

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kuban, D.P.

    1985-01-01

    The Advanced Servomanipulator (ASM) System consists of three major components: the ASM slave, the dual arm master controller (DAMC) or master, and the control system. The ASM is remotely maintainable force-reflecting servomanipulator developed at the Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL) as part of the Consolidated Fuel Reprocessing Program. This new manipulator addresses requirements of advanced nuclear fuel reprocessing with emphasis on force reflection, remote maintainability, reliability, radiation tolerance, and corrosion resistance. The advanced servomanipulator is uniquely subdivided into remotely replaceable modules which will permit in situ manipulator repair by spare module replacement. Manipulator modularization and increased reliability are accomplished through a force transmission system that uses gears and torque tubes. Digital control algorithms and mechanical precision are used to offset the increased backlash, friction, and inertia resulting from the gear drives. This results in the first remotely maintainable force-reflecting servomanipulator in the world.

  10. Effect of patent law changes on the innovation strategy of Chinese and Indian Life Science companies as reflected in US patent filings

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gupta, Meera S. (Meera Saini)

    2010-01-01

    In this paper we evaluate how harmonization of patent laws in China and India to developed world standards has affected innovative research and development activity in the life sciences industry of those countries. The ...

  11. Policy and IT Standards Development Process Development ApprovalInitiation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    New Mexico, University of

    Policy and IT Standards Development Process Development ApprovalInitiation Main Campus Health Sciences Audit Academic, Technology, Project, Legal or Administrative Need IT Standard or UNM Policy? Policy Office convenes committee, vetting process with stakeholders and groups Campus Executives, Regents

  12. Power Systems Development Facility

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    None

    2003-07-01

    This report discusses Test Campaign TC12 of the Kellogg Brown & Root, Inc. (KBR) Transport Gasifier train with a Siemens Westinghouse Power Corporation (SW) particle filter system at the Power Systems Development Facility (PSDF) located in Wilsonville, Alabama. The Transport Gasifier is an advanced circulating fluidized-bed reactor designed to operate as either a combustor or a gasifier using a particulate control device (PCD). While operating as a gasifier, either air or oxygen can be used as the oxidant. Test run TC12 began on May 16, 2003, with the startup of the main air compressor and the lighting of the gasifier start-up burner. The Transport Gasifier operated until May 24, 2003, when a scheduled outage occurred to allow maintenance crews to install the fuel cell test unit and modify the gas clean-up system. On June 18, 2003, the test run resumed when operations relit the start-up burner, and testing continued until the scheduled end of the run on July 14, 2003. TC12 had a total of 733 hours using Powder River Basin (PRB) subbituminous coal. Over the course of the entire test run, gasifier temperatures varied between 1,675 and 1,850 F at pressures from 130 to 210 psig.

  13. Chinese Renewable Energy Society CRES formerly Chinese Solar Energy Society

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION JEnvironmentalBowerbank,CammackFLIR JumpMaine:WestTexas: EnergyExportDLRGeological Survey Jump to:|

  14. Developing product platforms:analysis of the development process

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Roveda, Marco

    1999-12-08

    Several authors have highlighted the importance of companies enhancing their new product development process through a multiproduct

  15. GEOGRAPHY 288: POPULATION, ENVIRONMENT, AND DEVELOPMENT IN THE DEVELOPING WORLD

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lopez-Carr, David

    literature and 2) students receive feedback towards the improved development of their own research projectsGEOGRAPHY 288: POPULATION, ENVIRONMENT, AND DEVELOPMENT IN THE DEVELOPING WORLD Winter 2005 Class@geog.ucsb.edu phone: 4219 Office: Ellison 5714 Office hours: M 11-12; W 1-2 . NATURE OF THE COURSE This seminar

  16. IEED Tribal Energy Development to Build Tribal Energy Development Capacity

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The Assistant Secretary - Indian Affairs for the U.S. Department of the Interior, through the Office of Indian Energy and Economic Development, is soliciting grant proposals from Indian tribes to build tribal capacity for energy resource development or management under the Department of the Interior's (DOl's) Tribal Energy Development Capacity (TEDC) grant program.

  17. POWER SYSTEMS DEVELOPMENT FACILITY

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Unknown

    2002-11-01

    This report discusses test campaign GCT4 of the Kellogg Brown & Root, Inc. (KBR) transport reactor train with a Siemens Westinghouse Power Corporation (Siemens Westinghouse) particle filter system at the Power Systems Development Facility (PSDF) located in Wilsonville, Alabama. The transport reactor is an advanced circulating fluidized-bed reactor designed to operate as either a combustor or a gasifier using one of two possible particulate control devices (PCDs). The transport reactor was operated as a pressurized gasifier during GCT4. GCT4 was planned as a 250-hour test run to continue characterization of the transport reactor using a blend of several Powder River Basin (PRB) coals and Bucyrus limestone from Ohio. The primary test objectives were: Operational Stability--Characterize reactor loop and PCD operations with short-term tests by varying coal-feed rate, air/coal ratio, riser velocity, solids-circulation rate, system pressure, and air distribution. Secondary objectives included the following: Reactor Operations--Study the devolatilization and tar cracking effects from transient conditions during transition from start-up burner to coal. Evaluate the effect of process operations on heat release, heat transfer, and accelerated fuel particle heat-up rates. Study the effect of changes in reactor conditions on transient temperature profiles, pressure balance, and product gas composition. Effects of Reactor Conditions on Synthesis Gas Composition--Evaluate the effect of air distribution, steam/coal ratio, solids-circulation rate, and reactor temperature on CO/CO{sub 2} ratio, synthesis gas Lower Heating Value (LHV), carbon conversion, and cold and hot gas efficiencies. Research Triangle Institute (RTI) Direct Sulfur Recovery Process (DSRP) Testing--Provide syngas in support of the DSRP commissioning. Loop Seal Operations--Optimize loop seal operations and investigate increases to previously achieved maximum solids-circulation rate.

  18. Tools for dynamic model development

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Schaber, Spencer Daniel

    2014-01-01

    For this thesis, several tools for dynamic model development were developed and analyzed. Dynamic models can be used to simulate and optimize the behavior of a great number of natural and engineered systems, from the ...

  19. Herty Advanced Materials Development Center

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Session 1-B: Advancing Alternative Fuels for the Military and Aviation Sector Breakout Session 1: New Developments and Hot Topics Jill Stuckey, Acting Director, Herty Advanced Materials Development Center

  20. Automotive Component Product Development Enhancement

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    de Weck, Olivier L.

    Automotive Component Product Development Enhancement Through Multi-Attribute System Design Engineering Systems Division #12;Automotive Component Product Development Enhancement Through Multi of Science in Engineering and Management February 2005 ABSTRACT Automotive industry is facing a tough period