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1

Stage 3c: Developing and Assessing Low Emissions Development Scenarios |  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Stage 3c: Developing and Assessing Low Emissions Development Scenarios Stage 3c: Developing and Assessing Low Emissions Development Scenarios Jump to: navigation, search Stage 3 LEDS Home Introduction to Framework Assess current country plans, policies, practices, and capacities Develop_BAU Stage 4: Prioritizing and Planning for Actions Begin execution of implementation plans 1.0. Organizing the LEDS Process 1.1. Institutional Structure for LEDS 1.2. Workplan to Develop the LEDS 1.3. Roles and responsibilities to develop LEDS 2.1. Assess current country plans, policies, practices, and capacities 2.2. Compile lessons learned and good practices from ongoing and previous sustainable development efforts in the country 2.3. Assess public and private sector capacity to support initiatives 2.4. Assess and improve the national GHG inventory and other

2

Development of stripper options for FRIB  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The US Department of Energy Facility for Rare Isotope Beams (FRIB) at Michigan State University includes a heavy ion superconducting linac capable of accelerating all ions up to uranium with energies higher than 200 MeV/u and beam power up to 400 kW. To achieve these goals with present ion source performance it is necessary to accelerate simultaneously two charge states of uranium from the ion source in the first section of the linac. At an energy of approximately 16.5 MeV/u it is planned to strip the uranium beam to reduce the voltage needed in the rest of the linac to achieve the final energy. Up to five different charge states are planned to be accelerated simultaneously after the stripper. The design of the stripper is a challenging problem due to the high power deposited (approximately 0.7 kW) in the stripper media by the beam in a small spot. To assure success of the project we have established a research and development program that includes several options: carbon or diamond foils, liquid lithium films, gas strippers and plasma strippers. We present in this paper the status of the different options.

Marti, F.; Hershcovitch, A.; Momozaki, Y.; Nolen, J.; Reed, C.; Thieberger, P.

2010-09-12T23:59:59.000Z

3

ESMAP-Indonesia-Low Carbon Development Options Study | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Low Carbon Development Options Study Low Carbon Development Options Study Jump to: navigation, search Name Indonesia-ESMAP Low Carbon Country Studies Program Agency/Company /Organization Energy Sector Management Assistance Program of the World Bank Partner United Kingdom Department for International Development Sector Energy, Land Focus Area Energy Efficiency, Forestry Topics Background analysis, GHG inventory, Low emission development planning, Market analysis, Policies/deployment programs Website http://www-wds.worldbank.org/e Country Indonesia South-Eastern Asia References World Bank, ESMAP - Low Carbon Growth Country Studies - Getting Started[1] Overview "The Indonesia's study aimed to evaluate and develop strategic options to mitigate climate change without compromising the country's development

4

Energy for Sustainable Development: Policy Options for Africa | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Energy for Sustainable Development: Policy Options for Africa Energy for Sustainable Development: Policy Options for Africa Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: Energy for Sustainable Development: Policy Options for Africa Agency/Company /Organization: United Nations Economic Commission for Africa Sector: Energy Focus Area: Renewable Energy, Economic Development, Energy Efficiency Topics: Co-benefits assessment, - Energy Access, Policies/deployment programs Resource Type: Publications Website: www.uneca.org/eca_resources/publications/unea-publication-tocsd15.pdf References: Energy for Sustainable Development: Policy Options for Africa[1] Overview "Over the last four decades, the gap between energy supply and demand in Africa has been growing. Projections by experts in the field forecast that

5

Local Option Municipal Economic Development Act (Nebraska) | Department of  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Local Option Municipal Economic Development Act (Nebraska) Local Option Municipal Economic Development Act (Nebraska) Local Option Municipal Economic Development Act (Nebraska) < Back Eligibility Commercial Savings Category Alternative Fuel Vehicles Hydrogen & Fuel Cells Buying & Making Electricity Water Home Weatherization Solar Wind Program Info State Nebraska Program Type Bond Program Grant Program Loan Program Provider Economic Development This act gives local governments the option to provide direct and indirect assistance to business enterprises in their communities, whether for expansion of existing operations, the creation of new businesses, or the provision of new services, by the use of funds raised by local taxation when the voters of the municipality decide it is in their best interest. The act gives local governments broad freedoms to determine the specifics

6

Solar Energy Option Requirement for Residential Developments...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Clean Energy Analysis Low Emission Development Strategies Oil & Gas Smart Grid Solar U.S. OpenLabs Utilities Water Wind Page Actions View form View source History View New...

7

Solar Energy Option Requirement for Residential Developments | Department  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Solar Energy Option Requirement for Residential Developments Solar Energy Option Requirement for Residential Developments Solar Energy Option Requirement for Residential Developments < Back Eligibility Construction Residential Savings Category Heating & Cooling Commercial Heating & Cooling Solar Heating Buying & Making Electricity Water Heating Program Info State New Jersey Program Type Building Energy Code Provider New Jersey Department of Community Affairs In March 2009 New Jersey enacted legislation ([http://www.njleg.state.nj.us/2008/Bills/PL09/33_.PDF A.B. 1558]) designed to support the integration of solar energy systems into new residential developments. The law requires that, whenever "technically feasible", developers of residential developments with 25 or more dwelling units (i.e., single-family residences) offer to install or provide for the

8

Rural Energy Options Analysis Training Development and Implementation at NREL  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

NREL has developed a rural energy options analysis training program for rural energy decision makers that provides knowledge, skills and tools for the evaluation of technologies, including renewables, for rural energy applications. Through the Department of Energy (DOE) Solar Energy Technologies Program (SETP), NREL has refined materials for the program and developed a module that offers hands-on training in the preparation of data for options analysis using HOMER, NREL's micropower optimization model. NREL has used the materials for training in Brazil, the Maldives, Mexico, and Sri Lanka.

Gilman, P.

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

9

India-Options for Low Carbon Development | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

India-Options for Low Carbon Development India-Options for Low Carbon Development Jump to: navigation, search Name India-ESMAP Low Carbon Growth Country Studies Program Agency/Company /Organization Energy Sector Management Assistance Program of the World Bank Sector Energy, Land Focus Area Energy Efficiency, Renewable Energy, Buildings, Industry, Transportation Topics GHG inventory, Low emission development planning, Policies/deployment programs, Background analysis Website http://www.esmap.org/filez/pub Country India Southern Asia References World Bank ESMAP[1] Overview "The India study includes the development of a detailed, bottom-up, modeling framework, that serves to comment on opportunities for low carbon growth. Input data was collected across several sectors covering: power supply, household appliances, transportation, industry, and buildings. The

10

Local Option - Clean Energy Development Boards | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Clean Energy Development Boards Clean Energy Development Boards Local Option - Clean Energy Development Boards < Back Eligibility Agricultural Commercial Industrial Institutional Local Government Multi-Family Residential Nonprofit Residential Schools State Government Savings Category Heating & Cooling Commercial Heating & Cooling Heating Home Weatherization Commercial Weatherization Sealing Your Home Cooling Construction Design & Remodeling Other Windows, Doors, & Skylights Manufacturing Heat Pumps Appliances & Electronics Commercial Lighting Lighting Bioenergy Solar Energy Sources Buying & Making Electricity Water Heating Wind Program Info Funding Source Implementing entities authorized to issue bonds State Missouri Program Type PACE Financing Provider Missouri Department of Natural Resources

11

Demonstration Development Project: Assessment of Biomass Repowering Options for Utilities  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This report has been prepared to help organizations with fossil-fired generation assets better understand their options for taking advantage of biomass-derived fuels at existing facilities. It considers plant conversions that completely replace fossil fuels through repowering as well as options that focus on high-percentage cofiring of biomass along with fossil fuels. Drawing on the experiences of operating facilities that have converted to biomass and from prior work, the analysis underlying this report...

2010-12-17T23:59:59.000Z

12

Options for developing a new mid micron value proposition for consumers.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??The research for this thesis "Options for Developing a New Mid Micron Value Proposition for Consumers", is a part of a larger "New Mid Micron… (more)

Stevens, Ana

13

Field development options for a waterflooded heavy-oil reservoir  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Battrum Unit 4 is a moderately heavy-oil reservoir in Saskatchewan producing under waterflood from a thin sand. This paper describes a history match of previous field behavior and systematically analyzes through the use of numerical simulation the potential benefits to production of further waterflooding (with and without infill drilling), steamflooding, and horizontal drilling. It is found that the remaining oil recovery potential of a steamflood with horizontal well is significantly higher than that of any of the waterflood options.

Kasraie, M. (Petroleum Recovery Inst., Calgary, Alberta (Canada)); Sammon, P.H. (Computer Modelling Group, Calgary, Alberta (Canada)); Jespersen, P.J. (Sceptre Resources Ltd., Calgary, Alberta (United States))

1993-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

14

A real options analysis of Olympic Village development : how design flexibility adds value  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This thesis applies past research on real options - a right, but not an obligation to take some action on a real asset in the future - to a very specific type of real estate development related to Olympic Village development. ...

Martinson, Robert J., S.M. Massachusetts Institute of Technology

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

15

Local Option- Industrial Facilities and Development Bonds (Utah)  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Under the Utah Industrial Facilities and Development Act, counties, municipalities, and state universities in Utah may issue Industrial Revenue Bonds (IRBs) or Industrial Development Bonds (IDBs)...

16

Real option analysis as a decision tool in oil field developments  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This thesis shows the applicability and value of real options analysis in developing an oil field, and how its use along with decision analysis can maximize the returns on a given project and minimize the losses. It focuses ...

Babajide, Abisoye (Abisoye E.)

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

17

Analysis of Energy Conservation Options for USDOE Child Development Center  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The Child Development Center (CDC) was designed to be a "showpiece" model building. Its construction included energy efficient features, including a photovoltaic system, solar hot water system, energy efficient lighting, and energy efficient heat pumps. The architect's estimate of the energy savings from these measures totaled 31.5 MWh per year, an annual savings of about $1,575 (at $0.05/kWh). The DOE-2 predicted total annual energy use for the CDC with all the ECO's installed is 146,317 kWh or 61,652 Btu/ft2-yr which is a 12% reduction from the DOE-2 predicted energy use of 166,559 kWh (70,181 Btu/ft2-yr using 1 kWh=3,413 Btu) if the ECOs had not been installed.

Bou-Saada, T. E.; Haberl, J. S.

1993-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

18

Development of a 400 Level 3C Clamped Downhole Seismic Receiver Array for 3D Borehole Seismic Imaging of Gas Reservoirs  

SciTech Connect

Borehole seismology is the highest resolution geophysical imaging technique available today to the oil and gas industry for characterization and monitoring of oil and gas reservoirs. However, the industry's ability to perform high resolution 3D imaging of deep and complex gas reservoirs using borehole seismology has been hampered by the lack of acquisition technology necessary to record large volumes of high frequency, high signal-to-noise-ratio borehole seismic data. This project took aim at this shortcoming by developing a 400 level 3C clamped downhole seismic receiver array, and accompanying software, for borehole seismic 3D imaging. This large borehole seismic array has removed the technical acquisition barrier for recording the data volumes necessary to do high resolution 3D VSP and 3D cross-well seismic imaging. Massive 3D VSP{reg_sign} and long range Cross-Well Seismology (CWS) are two of the borehole seismic techniques that promise to take the gas industry to the next level in their quest for higher resolution images of deep and complex oil and gas reservoirs. Today only a fraction of the oil or gas in place is produced when reservoirs are considered depleted. This is primarily due to our lack of understanding of detailed compartmentalization of oil and gas reservoirs. In this project, we developed a 400 level 3C borehole seismic receiver array that allows for economic use of 3D borehole seismic imaging for reservoir characterization and monitoring. This new array has significantly increased the efficiency of recording large data volumes at sufficiently dense spatial sampling to resolve reservoir complexities. The receiver pods have been fabricated and tested to withstand high temperature (200 C/400 F) and high pressure (25,000 psi), so that they can operate in wells up to 7,620 meters (25,000 feet) deep. The receiver array is deployed on standard production or drill tubing. In combination with 3C surface seismic or 3C borehole seismic sources, the 400 level receiver array can be used to obtain 3D 9C data. These 9C borehole seismic data provide both compressional wave and shear wave information that can be used for quantitative prediction of rock and pore fluid types. The 400-level borehole receiver array has been deployed successfully in a number of oil and gas wells during the course of this project, and each survey has resulted in marked improvements in imaging of geologic features that are critical for oil or gas production but were previously considered to be below the limits of seismic resolution. This added level of reservoir detail has resulted in improved well placement in the oil and gas fields that have been drilled using the Massive 3D VSP{reg_sign} images. In the future, the 400-level downhole seismic receiver array is expected to continue to improve reservoir characterization and drilling success in deep and complex oil and gas reservoirs.

Bjorn N. P. Paulsson

2006-09-30T23:59:59.000Z

19

ESMAP-India-Options for Low Carbon Development | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Options for Low Carbon Development Options for Low Carbon Development Jump to: navigation, search Name India-ESMAP Low Carbon Growth Country Studies Program Agency/Company /Organization Energy Sector Management Assistance Program of the World Bank Sector Energy, Land Focus Area Energy Efficiency, Renewable Energy, Buildings, Industry, Transportation Topics GHG inventory, Low emission development planning, Policies/deployment programs, Background analysis Website http://www.esmap.org/filez/pub Country India Southern Asia References World Bank ESMAP[1] Overview "The India study includes the development of a detailed, bottom-up, modeling framework, that serves to comment on opportunities for low carbon growth. Input data was collected across several sectors covering: power supply, household appliances, transportation, industry, and buildings. The

20

3C Holding AG | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Holding AG Holding AG Jump to: navigation, search Name 3C Holding AG Place Bad Vilbel/Frankfurt am Main, Germany Zip 61118 Sector Services Product 3C Holding AG develops trading strategies for EU allowances, JI/CDM Projects and climate neutral events, products and services. Merged with Factor Consulting to form First Climate. References 3C Holding AG[1] LinkedIn Connections CrunchBase Profile No CrunchBase profile. Create one now! This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by expanding it. 3C Holding AG is a company located in Bad Vilbel/Frankfurt am Main, Germany . References ↑ "3C Holding AG" Retrieved from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=3C_Holding_AG&oldid=341624" Categories: Clean Energy Organizations Companies Organizations Stubs

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "development options 3c" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


21

Real Options Valuation of U.S. Federal Renewable Energy Research, Development, Demonstration, and Deployment  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Options Valuation of US Federal Renewable Energy Research,Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy, Office of Planning,Options Valuation of US Federal Renewable Energy Research,

Siddiqui, Afzal S.; Marnay, Chris; Wiser, Ryan H.

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

22

Identify types of development and climate impacts that are country...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

economic and market potential of technologies and initiatives Clean Energy Market Analysis Toolkit 3b.3. Prioritize development options 3c. Analytical Decision Making -...

23

Geothermal industry position paper: EPA regulatory options and research and development information needs  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The environmental impact of geothermal energy development may be less intense or widespread than that of some other energy sources; however, it is the first example of a number of emerging energy technologies that must be dealt with by EPA. EPA may consider a spectrum of options ranging from a posutre of business as usual to one of immediate setting of standards, as favored by ERDA. The paper discusses the regulatory approaches and the potential problems that geothermal energy may present in the areas of air quality, water quality, and other impacts. It is recommended that a coordinated program of research be drawn up, comprised of specific research projects, the types of geothermal resource to which they apply, and the date by which the information is required.

D'Alessio, G.

1977-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

24

Geothermal Industry Position Paper: EPA Regulatory Options and Research and Development Information Needs  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The environmental impact of geothermal energy development may be less intense or widespread than that of some other energy sources; however, it is the first example of a number of emerging energy technologies that must be dealt with by EPA. EPA may consider a spectrum of options ranging from a posture of business as usual to one of immediate setting of standards, as favored by ERDA. The paper discusses the regulatory approaches and the potential problems that geothermal energy may present in the areas of air quality, water quality, and other impacts. It is recommended that a coordinated program of research be drawn up, comprised of specific research projects, the types of geothermal resource to which they apply, and the date by which the information is required.

Swetnam, G.F.

1976-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

25

ARM - Datastreams - mwr3c  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Datastreamsmwr3c Datastreamsmwr3c Documentation Data Quality Plots Citation DOI: 10.5439/1025248 [ What is this? ] Generate Citation ARM Data Discovery Browse Data Comments? We would love to hear from you! Send us a note below or call us at 1-888-ARM-DATA. Send Datastream : MWR3C Microwave Radiometer, 3 Channel Active Dates 2011.01.11 - 2014.01.02 Measurement Categories Radiometric Originating Instrument Microwave Radiometer, 3 Channel (MWR3C) Measurements Only measurements considered scientifically relevant are shown below by default. Show all measurements Measurement Units Variable Altitude above mean sea level m alt Azimuth deg azimuth ( time ) Base time in Epoch seconds since 1970-1-1 0:00:00 0:00 base_time Elevation deg elevation ( time ) Hail accumulation hit/cm^2 hail_accumulation ( time )

26

Simulation study to investigate development options for a super-heavy oil reservoir  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A reservoir simulation study was performed on a heavy oil reservoir with the main objective of evaluating possible development options beyond the existing cold production method. The 206-acre area simulated - part of a significantly larger oil accumulation - lies about 3000 ft. ss. and has a gross thickness of 560 ft. The simulated area contains 120 MMSTB oil of 9° API gravity with in situ viscosity of 6,000 cp. Production began in 1992 with the reservoir being drained by one vertical well, one slanted well and one horizontal well. The simulation study was conducted in a systematic manner using two types of commercial reservoir simulators to minimize computational time. For history matching the cold production period and forecasting of cold production cases, a black oil simulator was used (ECLIPSE 100). A fairly satisfactory match of the production and pressure data was obtained which required an analytical aquifer to be attached to the northern part of the reservoir. For thermal EOR cases, the oil was simulated as a hydrocarbon consisting of three pseudo components. These cases were run using a thermal compositional simulator (ECLIPSE 300). Simulation results indicate oil recovery, for the area developed by the existing horizontal well and two new horizontal wells, to be as follows. For cold production, the oil recovery amounts to 13% of original-oil-in-place (OOIP). With cyclic steam injection, the recovery factor is slightly increased to 15% OOIP. However, with steam flooding -utilizing the new horizontal wells as injectors - the recovery factor is significantly increased to 22% OOIP. Steam flooding is evidently superior to cyclic steam injection primarily due to the fact that the reservoir is pressurized in the former EOR method and not in the latter, and to the fact that cyclic steam injection is more a near-wellbore thermal stimulation process as opposed to a more reservoir-wide heating process under steam flooding. Finally, with steam-propane injection (at a constant steam:propane mass ratio of 100:5), the oil recovery factor is further increased to 26% OOIP. Simulation results indicate this EOR method creates a more favorable distribution of heat in the reservoir, thus better sweep efficiency and reduction in produced water cut. Selection of development options to be implemented would depend on the economics of each case. Economic evaluation of the various cases has not been covered in the thesis and is best done by the operator of the field.

Diaz Franco, Jose Manuel

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

27

Real Options Valuation of U.S. Federal Renewable Energy Research, Development, Demonstration, and Deployment  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

in the cost of non-renewable energy (NRE), and the option orper year. 1 Because non-renewable energy (NRE) costs haveenergy (RE) technology improvement typically employs a deterministic forecast of the cost and performance of renewable and non-

Siddiqui, Afzal S.; Marnay, Chris; Wiser, Ryan H.

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

28

Evaluation of irradiation facility options for fusion materials research and development  

SciTech Connect

Successful development of fusion energy will require the design of high-performance structural materials that exhibit dimensional stability and good resistance to fusion neutron degradation of mechanical and physical properties. The high levels of gaseous (H, He) transmutation products associated with deuterium-tritium (D-T) fusion neutron transmutation reactions, along with displacement damage dose requirements up to 50-200 displacements per atom (dpa) for a fusion demonstration reactor (DEMO), pose an extraordinary challenge. The intense neutron source(s) is needed to address two complimentary missions: 1) Scientific investigations of radiation degradation phenomena and microstructural evolution under fusion-relevant irradiation conditions (to provide the foundation for designing improved radiation resistant materials), and 2) Engineering database development for design and licensing of next-step fusion energy machines such as a fusion DEMO. A wide variety of irradiation facilities have been proposed to investigate materials science phenomena and to test and qualify materials for a DEMO reactor. Currently available and proposed facilities include fission reactors (including isotopic and spectral tailoring techniques to modify the rate of H and He production per dpa), dual- and triple-ion accelerator irradiation facilities that enable greatly accelerated irradiation studies with fusion-relevant H and He production rates per dpa within microscopic volumes, D-Li stripping reaction and spallation neutron sources, and plasma-based sources. The advantages and limitations of the main proposed fusion materials irradiation facility options are reviewed. Evaluation parameters include irradiation volume, potential for performing accelerated irradiation studies, capital and operating costs, similarity of neutron irradiation spectrum to fusion reactor conditions, temperature and irradiation flux stability/control, ability to perform multiple-effect tests (e.g., irradiation in the presence of a flowing coolant, or in the presence of complex applied stress fields), and technical maturity/risk of the concept. Ultimately, it is anticipated that heavy utilization of ion beam and fission neutron irradiation facilities along with sophisticated materials models, in addition to a dedicated fusion-relevant neutron irradiation facility, will be necessary to provide a comprehensive and cost-effective understanding of anticipated materials evolution in a fusion DEMO and to therefore provide a timely and robust materials database.

Zinkle, Steven J [ORNL; Möslang, Anton [Karlsruhe Institute of Technology, Karlsruhe, Germany

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

29

Development of New LLW Disposal Options: Phase I Interim Report on the EPRI Industry Strategic Database  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Nuclear utilities need a comprehensive industry-wide LLW database to provide intelligence for executive level decision making related to the future of LLW disposal and clearance practices. NEI, the NRC and EPA are requesting this data. The US Government Accounting Office (GAO) also referenced a lack of reliable industry LLW data in its 2004 report on future US LLW disposal options. This report provides initial results from the EPRI initiative filling this data gap.

2005-12-06T23:59:59.000Z

30

Evaluation of storage/transportation options to support criteria development for the Phase I MRS (Monitored Retrievable Storage)  

SciTech Connect

The Department of Energy's (DOE) Office of Civilian Waste Management (OCRWM) plans to develop an interim storage facility to enable acceptance of spent fuel in 1998. It is estimated that this interim storage facility would be needed for about two years. A Monitored Retrievable Storage (MRS) facility is anticipated in 2000 and a repository in 2010. Acceptance and transport of spent fuel by DOE/OCRWM in 1998 will require an operating transportation system. Because this interim storage facility is not yet defined, development of an optimally compatible transportation system is not a certainty. In order to assure a transport capability for 1998 acceptance of spent fuel, it was decided that the OCRWM transportation program had to identify likely options for an interim storage facility, including identification of the components needed for compatibility between likely interim storage facility options and transportation. Primary attention was given to existing hardware, although conceptual designs were also considered. A systems-based probabilistic decision model was suggested by Sandia National Laboratories and accepted by DOE/OCRWM's transportation program. Performance of the evaluation task involved several elements of the transportation program. This paper describes the decision model developed to accomplish this task, along with some of the results and conclusions. 1 ref., 4 figs.

Sorenson, K.B.; Brown, N.N.; Bennett, P.C. (Sandia National Labs., Albuquerque, NM (USA)); Lake, W. (USDOE Office of Civilian Radioactive Waste Management, Washington, DC (USA))

1991-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

31

Evaluation of storage/transportation options to support criteria development for the Phase I MRS (Monitored Retrievable Storage)  

SciTech Connect

The Department of Energy's (DOE) Office of Civilian Waste Management (OCRWM) plans to develop an interim storage facility to enable acceptance of spent fuel in 1998. It is estimated that this interim storage facility would be needed for about two years. A Monitored Retrievable Storage (MRS) facility is anticipated in 2000 and a repository in 2010. Acceptance and transport of spent fuel by DOE/OCRWM in 1998 will require an operating transportation system. Because this interim storage facility is not yet defined, development of an optimally compatible transportation system is not a certainty. In order to assure a transport capability for 1998 acceptance of spent fuel, it was decided that the OCRWM transportation program had to identify likely options for an interim storage facility, including identification of the components needed for compatibility between likely interim storage facility options and transportation. Primary attention was given to existing hardware, although conceptual designs were also considered. A systems-based probabilistic decision model was suggested by Sandia National Laboratories and accepted by DOE/OCRWM's transportation program. Performance of the evaluation task involved several elements of the transportation program. This paper describes the decision model developed to accomplish this task, along with some of the results and conclusions. 1 ref., 4 figs.

Sorenson, K.B.; Brown, N.N.; Bennett, P.C. (Sandia National Labs., Albuquerque, NM (USA)); Lake, W. (USDOE Office of Civilian Radioactive Waste Management, Washington, DC (USA))

1991-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

32

Policy Overview and Options for Maximizing the Role of Policy in Geothermal Electricity Development  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Geothermal electricity production capacity has grown over time because of multiple factors, including its renewable, baseload, and domestic attributes; volatile and high prices for competing technologies; and policy intervention. Overarching federal policies, namely the Public Utilities Regulatory Policies Act (PURPA), provided certainty to project investors in the 1980s, leading to a boom in geothermal development. In addition to market expansion through PURPA, research and development policies provided an investment of public dollars toward developing technologies and reducing costs over time to increase the market competitiveness of geothermal electricity. Together, these efforts are cited as the primary policy drivers for the currently installed capacity. Informing policy decisions depends on the combined impacts of policies at the federal and state level on geothermal development. Identifying high-impact suites of policies for different contexts, and the government levels best equipped to implement them, would provide a wealth of information to both policy makers and project developers.

Doris, E.; Kreycik, C.; Young, K.

2009-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

33

Research options for the development of sensors to measure the thermal state of solid steel bodies.  

SciTech Connect

The purpose of the study reported here is to assist Battelle's Pcacific Northwest Laboratory (PNL) in planning a research and development program to develop temperature sensors for metal and ceramic industries. This study focuses on sensors to measure internal temperatures within bodies of hot steel. A series of literature surveys, interviews, field visits, and meetings with steel-industry organizations was conducted in seeking answers to questions posed by PNL. These questions, with responses, are summarized.

Gaspar, T.A.; Lownie, H.W. Jr.

1983-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

34

Energy: options for the future. Curriculum development project for high school teachers. Final report. [Packet  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Recent state and regional energy crises demonstrate the delicate balance between energy systems, the environment, and the economy. Indeed, the interaction between these three elements of society is very complex. This project develops curriculum materials that would better provide students with an understanding and awareness of fundamental principles of energy supply, conversion processes, and utilization now and in the future. The project had two specific objectives: to transfer knowledge of energy systems, analysis techniques, and advanced technologies from the energy analyst community to the teacher participants; and to involve teachers in the preparation of modular case studies on energy issues for use within the classroom. These curriculum modules are intended to enhance the teacher's ability to provide energy-related education to students within his or her own academic setting. The project is organized as a three-week summer program, as noted in the flyer (Appendix A). Mornings are spent in seminars with energy and environmental specialists (their handout lecture notes are included as Appendix B); afternoons are devoted to high school curriculum development based on the seminar discussions. The curriculum development is limited to five areas: conservation, electricity demand scheduling, energy in the food system, new technologies (solar, wind, biomass), and environment. Appendix C consists of one-day lession plans in these areas.

Carroll, T.O.

1978-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

35

Greenhouse Emission Reductions and Natural Gas Vehicles: A Resource Guide on Technology Options and Project Development  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Accurate and verifiable emission reductions are a function of the degree of transparency and stringency of the protocols employed in documenting project- or program-associated emissions reductions. The purpose of this guide is to provide a background for law and policy makers, urban planners, and project developers working with the many Greenhouse Gas (GHG) emission reduction programs throughout the world to quantify and/or evaluate the GHG impacts of Natural Gas Vehicle (NGVs). In order to evaluate the GHG benefits and/or penalties of NGV projects, it is necessary to first gain a fundamental understanding of the technology employed and the operating characteristics of these vehicles, especially with regard to the manner in which they compare to similar conventional gasoline or diesel vehicles. Therefore, the first two sections of this paper explain the basic technology and functionality of NGVs, but focus on evaluating the models that are currently on the market with their similar conventional counterparts, including characteristics such as cost, performance, efficiency, environmental attributes, and range. Since the increased use of NGVs, along with Alternative Fuel Vehicle (AFVs) in general, represents a public good with many social benefits at the local, national, and global levels, NGVs often receive significant attention in the form of legislative and programmatic support. Some states mandate the use of NGVs, while others provide financial incentives to promote their procurement and use. Furthermore, Federal legislation in the form of tax incentives or procurement requirements can have a significant impact on the NGV market. In order to implement effective legislation or programs, it is vital to have an understanding of the different programs and activities that already exist so that a new project focusing on GHG emission reduction can successfully interact with and build on the experience and lessons learned of those that preceded it. Finally, most programs that deal with passenger vehicles--and with transportation in general--do not address the climate change component explicitly, and thus there are few GHG reduction goals that are included in these programs. Furthermore, there are relatively few protocols that exist for accounting for the GHG emissions reductions that arise from transportation and, specifically, passenger vehicle projects and programs. These accounting procedures and principles gain increased importance when a project developer wishes to document in a credible manner, the GHG reductions that are achieved by a given project or program. Section four of this paper outlined the GHG emissions associated with NGVs, both upstream and downstream, and section five illustrated the methodology, via hypothetical case studies, for measuring these reductions using different types of baselines. Unlike stationary energy combustion, GHG emissions from transportation activities, including NGV projects, come from dispersed sources creating a need for different methodologies for assessing GHG impacts. This resource guide has outlined the necessary context and background for those parties wishing to evaluate projects and develop programs, policies, projects, and legislation aimed at the promotion of NGVs for GHG emission reduction.

Orestes Anastasia; NAncy Checklick; Vivianne Couts; Julie Doherty; Jette Findsen; Laura Gehlin; Josh Radoff

2002-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

36

Photovoltaics as a worldwide energy option: A case study in development strategy  

SciTech Connect

Renewable energy technologies, such as solar thermal electric, photovoltaics (PV), and wind energy have made significant gains in cost and performance in the past decades. As a result, there have been high expectations on the part of the public for these sources to play a major role in future energy supply, especially as environmental concerns about conventional sources increase. Despite these past gains and high expectations, the global potential of renewable energy technologies still remains largely untapped, principally because of issues of industrialization and user acceptance. There is increasing recognition that government energy programs must incorporate a broader strategy than the traditional basic research role if they are to address these issues. Essential elements of this strategy are affordable technology, a healthy industry, sustained market growth, user acceptance, and equitable policy and financial environments. The US Department of Energy (DOE) programs in solar electric conversion have already started the development of the required broader-based effort. This paper presents the status of that work, utilizing the US National Photovoltaic Program as a case study.

Jones, G.; Pate, R.; Hill, R.

1991-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

37

AOCS Official Method Ca 3c-01  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Detection of a Volatile Organic Contaminant by GC-MS AOCS Official Method Ca 3c-01 Methods Methods and Analyses Analytical Chemistry Methods Downloads Methods Downloads DEFINITION This method describes the dete

38

AOCS Official Method Cd 3c-91  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Saponification Value Modified Method Using Methanol AOCS Official Method Cd 3c-91 Methods Methods and Analyses Analytical Chemistry Methods Downloads Methods Downloads DEFINITION The saponification value is the

39

Sustainability and Energy Development: Influences of Greenhouse Gas Emissions Reduction Options on Water Use in Energy Production  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Climate change mitigation strategies cannot be evaluated solely in terms of energy cost and greenhouse gas (GHG) mitigation potential. Maintaining GHGs at a 'safe' level will require fundamental change in the way we approach energy production, and a number of environmental, economic, and societal factors will come into play. Water is an essential component of energy production, and water resource constraints (e.g., insufficient supplies and competing ecological and anthropogenic needs) will limit our options for producing energy and for reducing GHG emissions. This study evaluates these potential constraints from a global perspective by revisiting the 'climate wedges' proposal of Pacala and Sokolow [1], and evaluating the potential water impacts of the 'wedges' associated with energy production. Results indicate that there is a range of water impacts, with some options reducing water demand while others increase water demand. Mitigation options that improve energy conversion and end-use efficiency have the greatest potential for reducing water resources impacts. These options provide 'win-win-win' scenarios for reducing GHG emissions, lowering energy costs and reducing water demand. Thet may merit higher priority than alternative options that emphasize deploying new low-carbon energy facilities or modifying existing facilities with energy intensive GHG mitigation technologies to reduce GHG emissions. While the latter can reduce GHG emissions, they will typically increase energy costs and water impacts.

D. Craig Cooper; Gerald Sehlke

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

40

Idaho's Energy Options  

SciTech Connect

This report, developed by the Idaho National Laboratory, is provided as an introduction to and an update of the status of technologies for the generation and use of energy. Its purpose is to provide information useful for identifying and evaluating Idaho’s energy options, and for developing and implementing Idaho’s energy direction and policies.

Robert M. Neilson

2006-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "development options 3c" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


41

Options Study - Phase II  

SciTech Connect

The Options Study has been conducted for the purpose of evaluating the potential of alternative integrated nuclear fuel cycle options to favorably address the issues associated with a continuing or expanding use of nuclear power in the United States. The study produced information that can be used to inform decisions identifying potential directions for research and development on such fuel cycle options. An integrated nuclear fuel cycle option is defined in this study as including all aspects of the entire nuclear fuel cycle, from obtaining natural resources for fuel to the ultimate disposal of used nuclear fuel (UNF) or radioactive wastes. Issues such as nuclear waste management, especially the increasing inventory of used nuclear fuel, the current uncertainty about used fuel disposal, and the risk of nuclear weapons proliferation have contributed to the reluctance to expand the use of nuclear power, even though it is recognized that nuclear power is a safe and reliable method of producing electricity. In this Options Study, current, evolutionary, and revolutionary nuclear energy options were all considered, including the use of uranium and thorium, and both once-through and recycle approaches. Available information has been collected and reviewed in order to evaluate the ability of an option to clearly address the challenges associated with the current implementation and potential expansion of commercial nuclear power in the United States. This Options Study is a comprehensive consideration and review of fuel cycle and technology options, including those for disposal, and is not constrained by any limitations that may be imposed by economics, technical maturity, past policy, or speculated future conditions. This Phase II report is intended to be used in conjunction with the Phase I report, and much information in that report is not repeated here, although some information has been updated to reflect recent developments. The focus in this Options Study was to identify any nuclear fuel cycle technology or option that may result in a significant beneficial impact to the issues as compared to the current U.S. approach of once-through use of nuclear fuel in LWRs or similar reactors followed by direct disposal of UNF. This approach was taken because incremental differences may be difficult to clearly identify and justify due to the large uncertainties that can be associated with the specific causes of the issues. Phase II of this Options Study continued the review of nuclear fuel cycle options that was initiated and documented during Phase I, concentrating on reviewing and summarizing the potential of integrated nuclear fuel cycles. However, based on the reviews of previous studies and available data, it was not always possible to clearly determine sufficiently large differences between the various fuel cycle and technology options for some of the issues or evaluation measures, for example, in cases where only incremental differences with respect to the issues might be achieved regardless of the fuel cycle option or technologies being considered, or where differences were insufficient to clearly rise above the uncertainties.

R. Wigeland; T. Taiwo; M. Todosow; W. Halsey; J. Gehin

2010-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

42

Nevada Transportatoion Options Study  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This study performs a cost and schedule analysis of three Nevada Transportation options that support waste receipt at the repository. Based on the U.S. Department of Energy preference for rail transportation in Nevada (given in the Final Environmental Impact Statement), it has been assumed that a branch rail line would be constructed to support waste receipt at the repository. However, due to potential funding constraints, it is uncertain when rail will be available. The three Nevada Transportation options have been developed to meet a varying degree of requirements for transportation and to provide cost variations used in meeting the funding constraints given in the Technical Direction Letter guidelines for this study. The options include combinations of legal-weight truck, heavy-haul truck, and rail. Option 1 uses a branch rail line that would support initial waste receipt at the repository in 2010. Rail transportation would be the primary mode, supplemented by legal weight trucks. This option provides the highest level of confidence in cost and schedule, lowest public visibility, greatest public acceptability, lowest public dose, and is the recommended option for support of waste receipt. The completion of rail by 2010 will require spending approximately $800 million prior to 2010. Option 2 uses a phased rail approach to address a constrained funding scenario. To meet funding constraints, Option 2 uses a phased approach to delay high cost activities (final design and construction) until after initial waste receipt in 2010. By doing this, approximately 95 percent of the cost associated with completion of a branch rail line is deferred until after 2010. To support waste receipt until a branch rail line is constructed in Nevada, additional legal-weight truck shipments and heavy-haul truck shipments (on a limited basis for naval spent nuclear fuel) would be used to meet the same initial waste receipt rates as in Option 1. Use of heavy-haul shipments in the absence of rail is restricted to approximately twelve, without upgrading public highways. There is high uncertainty as to what road upgrades and security/escorts the Nevada Department of Transportation would require to obtain an overweight/overdimensional permit. In addition, the Naval Nuclear Propulsion Program has indicated that a larger cask weight than that analyzed in the Final Environmental Impact Statement may be required for naval shipments, resulting in additional costs for heavy-haul transport. These uncertainties result in a high cost and schedule risk. Option 3 assumes that the start of rail construction will be delayed until after construction authorization is received from the Nuclear Regulatory Commission. Similar to Option 2, Option 3 uses legal-weight truck shipments and limited heavy haul truck shipments to meet the same initial waste receipt rates as Option 1, until rail becomes available. By using heavy-haul truck for two years, Option 3 contains the same uncertainties and resultant high cost and schedule risk as Option 2. The cost and schedule of legal-weight truck transport are not included in this report as that will be evaluated in the report on national transportation.

P. GEHNER; E.M. WEAVER; L. FOSSUM

2006-05-25T23:59:59.000Z

43

Climate Zone 3C | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

C C Jump to: navigation, search A type of climate defined in the ASHRAE 169-2006 standard consisting of Climate Zone Number 3 and Climate Zone Subtype C. Climate Zone 3C is defined as Warm - Marine with IP Units CDD50ºF ≤ 4500 AND HDD65ºF ≤ 3600 and SI Units CDD10ºC ≤ 2500 AND HDD18ºC ≤ 2000 . The following places are categorized as class 3C climate zones: Alameda County, California Marin County, California Mendocino County, California Monterey County, California Napa County, California San Benito County, California San Francisco County, California San Luis Obispo County, California San Mateo County, California Santa Barbara County, California Santa Clara County, California Santa Cruz County, California Sonoma County, California Ventura County, California

44

Climate Financing Options | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Financing Options Financing Options Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: Climate Financing Options Agency/Company /Organization: United Nations Development Programme (UNDP), World Bank Sector: Climate Focus Area: People and Policy Phase: Bring the Right People Together, Create a Vision, Evaluate Options, Develop Goals, Prepare a Plan, Develop Finance and Implement Projects Topics: Finance, Implementation, Low emission development planning, -LEDS, Policies/deployment programs Resource Type: Case studies/examples, Guide/manual, Training materials Website: www.climatefinanceoptions.org/cfo/ Language: English References: Climate Finance Options[1] New climate finance tool for developing countries[2] "This Platform aims at providing comprehensive guidance on financial

45

The safeguards options study  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The Safeguards Options Study was initiated to aid the International Safeguards Division (ISD) of the DOE Office of Arms Control and Nonproliferation in developing its programs in enhanced international safeguards. The goal was to provide a technical basis for the ISD program in this area. The Safeguards Options Study has been a cooperative effort among ten organizations. These are Argonne National Laboratory, Brookhaven National Laboratory, Idaho National Engineering Laboratory, Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory, Los Alamos National Laboratory, Mound Laboratory, Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Pacific Northwest Laboratories, Sandia National Laboratories, and Special Technologies Laboratory. Much of the Motivation for the Safeguards Options Study is the recognition after the Iraq experience that there are deficiencies in the present approach to international safeguards. While under International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) safeguards at their declared facilities, Iraq was able to develop a significant weapons program without being noticed. This is because negotiated safeguards only applied at declared sites. Even so, their nuclear weapons program clearly conflicted with Iraq`s obligations under the Nuclear Nonproliferation Treaty (NPT) as a nonnuclear weapon state.

Hakkila, E.A.; Mullen, M.F.; Olinger, C.T.; Stanbro, W.D. [Los Alamos National Lab., NM (United States); Olsen, A.P.; Roche, C.T.; Rudolph, R.R. [Argonne National Lab., IL (United States); Bieber, A.M.; Lemley, J. [Brookhaven National Lab., Upton, NY (United States); Filby, E. [Idaho National Engineering Lab., Idaho Falls, ID (United States)] [and others

1995-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

46

Data:4f8c086e-5380-4b3c-9de8-d3c40bec473c | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

e-5380-4b3c-9de8-d3c40bec473c e-5380-4b3c-9de8-d3c40bec473c No revision has been approved for this page. It is currently under review by our subject matter experts. Jump to: navigation, search Loading... 1. Basic Information 2. Demand 3. Energy << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> Basic Information Utility name: Reedsburg Utility Comm Effective date: 2011/06/01 End date if known: Rate name: Gs-2 General Service Single Phase Optional Time-of-Day 8am-8pm with Parallel Generation(20kW or less) Sector: Commercial Description: Power Cost Adjustment Clause - All metered rates shall be subject to a positive or negative power cost adjustment charge equivalent to the amount by which the current cost of power (per kilowatt-hour of sales) is greater or lesser than the base cost of power purchased (per kilowatt-hour of sales). The base cost of power (U) is $0.0785 per kilowatt-hour.

47

Gas injection as an alternative option for handling associated gas produced from deepwater oil developments in the Gulf of Mexico  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The shift of hydrocarbon exploration and production to deepwater has resulted in new opportunities for the petroleum industry(in this project, the deepwater depth greater than 1,000 ft) but also, it has introduced new challenges. In 2001,more than 999 Bcf of associated gas were produced from the Gulf of Mexico, with deepwater associated gas production accounting for 20% of this produced gas. Two important issues are the potential environmental impacts and the economic value of deepwater associated gas. This project was designed to test the viability of storing associated gas in a saline sandstone aquifer above the producing horizon. Saline aquifer storage would have the dual benefits of gas emissions reduction and gas storage for future use. To assess the viability of saline aquifer storage, a simulation study was conducted with a hypothetical sandstone aquifer in an anticlinal trap. Five years of injection were simulated followed by five years of production (stored gas recovery). Particular attention was given to the role of relative permeability hysteresis in determining trapped gas saturation, as it tends to control the efficiency of the storage process. Various cases were run to observe the effect of location of the injection/production well and formation dip angle. This study was made to: (1) conduct a simulation study to investigate the effects of reservoir and well parameters on gas storage performance; (2) assess the drainage and imbibition processes in aquifer gas storage; (3) evaluate methods used to determine relative permeability and gas residual saturation ; and (4) gain experience with, and confidence in, the hysteresis option in IMEX Simulator for determining the trapped gas saturation. The simulation results show that well location and dip angle have important effects on gas storage performance. In the test cases, the case with a higher dip angle favors gas trapping, and the best recovery is the top of the anticlinal structure. More than half of the stored gas is lost due to trapped gas saturations and high water saturation with corresponding low gas relative permeability. During the production (recovery) phase, it can be expected that water-gas production ratios will be high. The economic limit of the stored gas recovery will be greatly affected by producing water-gas ratio, especially for deep aquifers. The result indicates that it is technically feasible to recover gas injected into a saline aquifer, provided the aquifer exhibits the appropriate dip angle, size and permeability, and residual or trapped gas saturation is also important. The technical approach used in this study may be used to assess saline aquifer storage in other deepwater regions, and it may provide a preliminary framework for studies of the economic viability of deepwater saline aquifer gas storage.

Qian, Yanlin

2003-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

48

STRUCTUREu DITERPENE ELUCIDATION FROM 1 3 C NMR  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

STRUCTUREu DITERPENE ELUCIDATION FROM 1 3 C NMR SPECTRA WITH INDUCTIVE LOGIC PROGRAMMING SASĂŹ O DZĂŹ Programming (ILP) to the problem of diterpene structure elucidation from 1 3 C NMR spectra. Diterpenes pharmaceutical e ectors. The interpretation of diterpene 1 3 C NMR spectra normally requires specialists

Dzeroski, Saso

49

Real options "in" projects and systems design : identification of options and solutions for path dependency  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This research develops a comprehensive approach to identify and deal with real options in" projects, that is, those real options (flexibility) that are integral parts of the technical design. It represents a first attempt ...

Wang, Tao, 1973-

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

50

Telecommunication technologies development in countries of the former Yugoslavia : history, needs and policy options for the future  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In the first part of this thesis I give an overview of the political-economic and telecommunications sector developments in major western economies, as well as some of the advanced Eastern European countries. I use this ...

Sulejmanpašić , Adnan, 1976-

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

51

OPTIONS for ENERGY EFFICIENCY  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

OPTIONS for ENERGY EFFICIENCY in EXISTING BUILDINGS December 2005 CEC-400-2005-039-CMF;OPTIONS FOR ENERGY EFFICIENCY in EXISTING BUILDINGS COMMISSION REPORT TABLE OF CONTENTS EXECUTIVE SUMMARY ............................................................................iii California's Successful Energy Efficiency Programs

52

Retrieval options study  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This Retrieval Options Study is part of the systems analysis activities of the Office of Nuclear Waste Isolation to develop the scientific and technological bases for radioactive waste repositories in various geologic media. The study considers two waste forms, high level waste and spent fuel, and defines various classes of waste retrieval and recovery. A methodology and data base are developed which allow the relative evaluation of retrieval and recovery costs and the following technical criteria: safety; technical feasibility; ease of retrieval; probable intact retrieval time; safeguards; monitoring; criticality; and licensability. A total of 505 repository options are defined and the cost and technical criteria evaluated utilizing a combination of facts and engineering judgments. The repositories evaluated are selected combinations of the following parameters: Geologic Media (salt, granite, basalt, shale); Retrieval Time after Emplacement (5 and 25 years); Emplacement Design (nominal hole, large hole, carbon steel canister, corrosion resistant canister, backfill in hole, nominal sleeves, thick wall sleeves); Emplacement Configuration (single vertical, multiple vertical, single horizontal, multiple horizontal, vaults; Thermal Considerations; (normal design, reduced density, once-through ventilation, recirculated ventilation); Room Backfill; (none, run-of-mine, early, 5 year delay, 25 year delay, decommissioned); and Rate of Retrieval; (same as emplacement, variably slower depending on repository/canister condition).

Not Available

1980-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

53

Natural Gas Purchasing Options  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

As a result of economic and regulatory changes, the natural gas marketplace now offers multiple options for purchasers. The purpose of this panel is to discuss short-term purchasing options and how to take advantage of these options both to lower energy costs and to secure supply.

Watkins, G.

1988-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

54

Enhanced durability of high-temperature desulfurization sorbents for moving-bed applications. Option 2 Program: Development and testing of zinc titanate sorbents  

SciTech Connect

One of the most advantageous configurations of the integrated gasification combined cycle (IGCC) power system is coupling it with a hot gas cleanup for the more efficient production of electric power in an environmentally acceptable manner. In conventional gasification cleanup systems, closely heat exchangers are necessary to cool down the fuel gases for cleaning, sometimes as low as 200--300{degree}F, and to reheat the gases prior to injection into the turbine. The result is significant losses in efficiency for the overall power cycle. High-temperature coal gas cleanup in the IGCC system can be operated near 1000{degree}F or higher, i.e., at conditions compatible with the gasifier and turbine components, resulting is a more efficient overall system. GE is developing a moving-bed, high-temperature desulfurization system for IGCC power systems in which mixed-metal oxides are currently being used as desulfurization sorbents. The objective of this contract is to identify and test fabrication methods and sorbent chemical compositions that enhance the long-term chemical reactivity and mechanical durability of zinc ferrite and other novel sorbents for moving-bed, high-temperature desulfurization of coal-derived gases. Zinc ferrite was studied under the base program of this contract. In the next phase of this program novel sorbents, particularly zinc titanate-based sorbents, are being studied under the remaining optional programs. This topical report summarizes only the work performed under the Option 2 program. In the course of carrying out the program, more than 25 zinc titanate formulations have been prepared and characterized to identify formulations exhibiting enhanced properties over the baseline zinc titanate formulation selected by the US Department of Energy.

Ayala, R.E.

1993-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

55

New Energy Options | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Options Options Jump to: navigation, search Name New Energy Options Place Belo Horizonte, Minas Gerais, Brazil Sector Wind energy Product Belo Horizonte-based wind farm developer and independent electric energy producer. References New Energy Options[1] LinkedIn Connections CrunchBase Profile No CrunchBase profile. Create one now! This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by expanding it. New Energy Options is a company located in Belo Horizonte, Minas Gerais, Brazil . References ↑ "New Energy Options" Retrieved from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=New_Energy_Options&oldid=349161" Categories: Clean Energy Organizations Companies Organizations Stubs What links here Related changes Special pages Printable version Permanent link Browse properties

56

Clean energy for development and economic growth: Biomass and other renewable options to meet energy and development needs in poor nations  

SciTech Connect

The document explores the linkages between renewable energy, poverty alleviation, sustainable development, and climate change in developing countries. In particular, the paper places emphasis on biomass-based energy systems. Biomass energy has a number of unique attributes that make it particularly suitable to climate change mitigation and community development applications.

Lilley, Art; Pandey, Bikash; Karstad, Elsen; Owen, Matthew; Bailis, Robert; Ribot, Jesse; Masera, Omar; Diaz, Rodolpho; Benallou, Abdelahanine; Lahbabi, Abdelmourhit

2012-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

57

Prepayment Funding Option  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Prepayment Funding Option December 5, 2012 Prepayment Funding Meeting Prepayment Funding Presentation December 7, 2011 Prepayment Funding Meeting Prepayment Funding Process...

58

Optional Tour Program - TMS  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

TMS Logo. About the 1996 International Symposium on Extraction and Processing for the Treatment and Minimization of Wastes: Optional Tour Program  ...

59

Pawnee Nation Energy Option Analyses  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In 2003, the Pawnee Nation leadership identified the need for the tribe to comprehensively address its energy issues. During a strategic energy planning workshop a general framework was laid out and the Pawnee Nation Energy Task Force was created to work toward further development of the tribe’s energy vision. The overarching goals of the “first steps” project were to identify the most appropriate focus for its strategic energy initiatives going forward, and to provide information necessary to take the next steps in pursuit of the “best fit” energy options. Based on the request of Pawnee Nation’s Energy Task Force the research team, consisting Tribal personnel and Summit Blue Consulting, focused on a review of renewable energy resource development potential, funding sources and utility organizational along with energy savings options. Elements of the energy demand forecasting and characterization and demand side options review remained in the scope of work, but were only addressed at a high level. Description of Activities Performed Renewable Energy Resource Development Potential The research team reviewed existing data pertaining to the availability of biomass (focusing on woody biomass, agricultural biomass/bio-energy crops, and methane capture), solar, wind and hydropower resources on the Pawnee-owned lands. Using these data, combined with assumptions about costs and revenue streams, the research team performed preliminary feasibility assessments for each resource category. The research team also reviewed available funding resources and made recommendations to Pawnee Nation highlighting those resources with the greatest potential for financially-viable development, both in the near-term and over a longer time horizon. Energy Efficiency Options While this was not a major focus of the project, the research team highlighted common strategies for reducing energy use in buildings. The team also discussed the benefits of adopting a building energy code and introduced two model energy codes Pawnee Nation should consider for adoption. Summary of Current and Expected Future Electricity Usage The research team provided a summary overview of electricity usage patterns in current buildings and included discussion of known plans for new construction. Utility Options Review Pawnee Nation electric utility options were analyzed through a four-phase process, which included: 1) summarizing the relevant utility background information; 2) gathering relevant utility assessment data; 3) developing a set of realistic Pawnee electric utility service options, and 4) analyzing the various Pawnee electric utility service options for the Pawnee Energy Team’s consideration. III. Findings and Recommendations Due to a lack of financial incentives for renewable energy, particularly at the state level, combined mediocre renewable energy resources, renewable energy development opportunities are limited for Pawnee Nation. However, near-term potential exists for development of solar hot water at the gym, and an exterior wood-fired boiler system at the tribe’s main administrative building. Pawnee Nation should also explore options for developing LFGTE resources in collaboration with the City of Pawnee. Significant potential may also exist for development of bio-energy resources within the next decade. Pawnee Nation representatives should closely monitor market developments in the bio-energy industry, establish contacts with research institutions with which the tribe could potentially partner in grant-funded research initiatives. In addition, a substantial effort by the Kaw and Cherokee tribes is underway to pursue wind development at the Chilocco School Site in northern Oklahoma where Pawnee is a joint landowner. Pawnee Nation representatives should become actively involved in these development discussions and should explore the potential for joint investment in wind development at the Chilocco site.

Matlock, M.; Kersey, K.; Riding In, C.

2009-07-31T23:59:59.000Z

60

Electricity Real Options Valuation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In this paper a real option approach for the valuation of real assets is presented. Two continuous time models used for valuation are described: geometric Brownian motion model and interest rate model. The valuation for electricity spread option under Vasicek interest model is placed and the formulas for parameter estimators are calculated. The theoretical part is confronted with real data from electricity market.

Broszkiewicz-Suwaj, E

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "development options 3c" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


61

Electricity Real Options Valuation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In this paper a real option approach for the valuation of real assets is presented. Two continuous time models used for valuation are described: geometric Brownian motion model and interest rate model. The valuation for electricity spread option under Vasicek interest model is placed and the formulas for parameter estimators are calculated. The theoretical part is confronted with real data from electricity market.

Ewa Broszkiewicz-Suwaj

2006-08-16T23:59:59.000Z

62

Moving granular-bed filter development program, Option III: Development of moving granular-bed filter technology for multi-contaminant control. Task 14: Test plan; Topical report  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

An experimental test plan has been prepared for DOE/METC review and approval to develop a filter media suitable for multi-contaminant control in granular-bed filter (GBF) applications. The plan includes identification, development, and demonstration of methods for enhanced media morphology, chemical reactivity, and mechanical strength. The test plan includes media preparation methods, physical and chemical characterization methods for fresh and reacted media, media evaluation criteria, details of test and analytical equipment, and test matrix of the proposed media testing. A filter media composed of agglomerated limestone and clay was determined to be the best candidate for multi-contaminate control in GBF operation. The combined limestone/clay agglomerate has the potential to remove sulfur and alkali species, in addition to particulate, and possibly halogens and trace heavy metals from coal process streams.

Haas, J.C.; Olivo, C.A.; Wilson, K.B.

1994-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

63

AFCI Options Study  

SciTech Connect

This report describes the background and framework for both organizing the discussion and providing information on the potential for nuclear energy R&D to develop alternative nuclear fuel cycles that would address the issues with the current implementations of nuclear power, including nuclear waste disposal, proliferation risk, safety, security, economics, and sustainability. The disposition of used fuel is the cause of many of the concerns, and the possible approaches to used fuel management identify a number of basic technology areas that need to be considered. The basic science in each of the technology areas is discussed, emphasizing what science is currently available, where scientific knowledge may be insufficient, and especially to identify specific areas where transformational discoveries may allow achievement of performance goals not currently attainable. These discussions lead to the wide range of technical options that have been the basis for past and current research and development on advanced nuclear fuel cycles in the United States. The results of this work are then briefly reviewed to show the extent to which such approaches are capable of addressing the issues with nuclear power, the potential for moving further, and the inherent limitations.

R. Wigeland; T. Taiwo; M. Todosow; W. Halsey; J. Gehin

2009-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

64

Climate Finance Options Platform | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Climate Finance Options Platform Climate Finance Options Platform Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: Climate Finance Options Agency/Company /Organization: United Nations Development Programme, World Bank Sector: Energy, Land Topics: Finance, Implementation Resource Type: Dataset Website: www.climatefinanceoptions.org/cfo/ Climate Finance Options Screenshot References: CFO[1] "This Platform aims at providing comprehensive guidance on financial options available for climate action in developing countries. Here you can find information on where to access the wide range of funds available from multilateral and bilateral institution, as well as public and private sources. Learn more on how these funds are governed and whether your project is eligible. Users are invited to be a resource to share their

65

NREL: More Search Options  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

More Search Options More Search Options Search More Search Options Site Map Printable Version The following options help you find information on the National Renewable Energy Laboratory site, locate NREL staff, browse publication and photograph collections, and see what hot topics other site visitors are looking for. Search the NREL Web Site Search Tip: use quotes to find exact phrases Example: "renewable energy" Tip: use plus signs to find results that contain all your search terms Example: +biodiesel +buses Search Help Find NREL Staff in the Employee Locator Search by first or last name: Search Select a search type Select your criteria Enter your search term Look at Recent Hot Topics Biomass HOMER (computer model) Hybrid Electric Vehicles Hydrogen and Fuel Cells Jobs PVWATTS (software)

66

3C 216: A Powerful FRII Seyfert 1 Galaxy  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

3C 216 has a weak accretion flow luminosity, well below the Seyfert1/QSO dividing line, weak broad emission lines (BELs) and powerful radio lobes. As a consequence of the extreme properties of 3C 216, it is the most convincing example known of an FR II radio source that is kinetically dominated: the jet kinetic luminosity, $Q$, is larger than the total thermal luminosity (IR to X-ray) of the accretion flow, $L_{bol}$. Using three independent estimators for the central black hole mass, we find that the jet in 3C 216 is very super-Eddington, $3.3 L_{Edd}1$, either presently or in the past based on the rarity of $L_{bol}>L_{Edd}$ quasars. The existence of $R(t)>1$ AGN is a strong constraint on the theory of the central engine of FRII radio sources.

Brian Punsly

2006-09-07T23:59:59.000Z

67

X-Ray Sources Overdensity Around 3C 295  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We present a statistical analysis of the Chandra observation of the source field around the 3C 295 galaxy cluster ($z=0.46$). Three different methods of analysis, namely a chip by chip logN-logS, a two dimentional Kolmogorov-Smirnov (KS) test, and the angular correlation function (ACF) show a strong overdensity of sources in the North-East of the field, that may indicate a filament of the large scale structure of the Universe toward 3C 295.

V. D'Elia; F. Fiore; M. Elvis; M. Cappi; S. Mathur; P. Mazzotta; E. Falco

2003-10-17T23:59:59.000Z

68

rifsimp_options.html - CECM  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

There are three options for specification of pivot cleaning: nopiv perform ... fullclean. This is a shortcut specification for the clean options for rifsimp (see above).

69

Pawnee Nation Energy Option Analyses  

SciTech Connect

Pawnee Nation of Oklahoma Energy Option Analyses In 2003, the Pawnee Nation leadership identified the need for the tribe to comprehensively address its energy issues. During a strategic energy planning workshop a general framework was laid out and the Pawnee Nation Energy Task Force was created to work toward further development of the tribe’s energy vision. The overarching goals of the “first steps” project were to identify the most appropriate focus for its strategic energy initiatives going forward, and to provide information necessary to take the next steps in pursuit of the “best fit” energy options. Description of Activities Performed The research team reviewed existing data pertaining to the availability of biomass (focusing on woody biomass, agricultural biomass/bio-energy crops, and methane capture), solar, wind and hydropower resources on the Pawnee-owned lands. Using these data, combined with assumptions about costs and revenue streams, the research team performed preliminary feasibility assessments for each resource category. The research team also reviewed available funding resources and made recommendations to Pawnee Nation highlighting those resources with the greatest potential for financially-viable development, both in the near-term and over a longer time horizon. Findings and Recommendations Due to a lack of financial incentives for renewable energy, particularly at the state level, combined mediocre renewable energy resources, renewable energy development opportunities are limited for Pawnee Nation. However, near-term potential exists for development of solar hot water at the gym, and an exterior wood-fired boiler system at the tribe’s main administrative building. Pawnee Nation should also explore options for developing LFGTE resources in collaboration with the City of Pawnee. Significant potential may also exist for development of bio-energy resources within the next decade. Pawnee Nation representatives should closely monitor market developments in the bio-energy industry, establish contacts with research institutions with which the tribe could potentially partner in grant-funded research initiatives. In addition, a substantial effort by the Kaw and Cherokee tribes is underway to pursue wind development at the Chilocco School Site in northern Oklahoma where Pawnee is a joint landowner. Pawnee Nation representatives should become actively involved in these development discussions and should explore the potential for joint investment in wind development at the Chilocco site. Financial incentives for project development are generally structured to provide tribes with access to conventional financing mechanisms. Grant funding for project construction is currently difficult to obtain. Substantial new opportunities for bio-fuel development may exist in the next few years with passage of the 2007 Farm Bill, and through opportunities made available through Oklahoma’s new Bio-energy Center. A review of potential alternatives to Pawnee Nation’s current electricity supply scenario revealed that a range of options could be viable. These include the following scenarios: business as usual, alternative supply, negotiate lower rates with City of Pawnee, focus on reducing energy usage, develop electric utility organization. Under any circumstances, Pawnee Nation should purse strategies to reduce energy usage, as this is the simplest means of reducing electric costs and environmental impacts. The research team also recommends that Pawnee Nation initiate some focused discussions with the City of Pawnee, with GRDA, and with IEC to discuss its wholesale supply purchase options. These discussions will better inform the Pawnee Energy Team of the specific pros and cons of its wholesale power supply options, and will assist the Team’s broader decision-making on utility-related issues. The ultimate path chosen by Pawnee Nation will depend on further consideration of priorities and potential barriers by Pawnee Nation’s Energy Team.

Matlock, M.; Kersey, K.; Riding In, C.

2009-07-21T23:59:59.000Z

70

Edit Test Options Page 1 Edit Test Options  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Edit Test Options Page 1 Edit Test Options Format Test Information 1. Enter a Name for the Test. 2. Choose a color for the title text of the Test. (Optional) 3. Enter a Description in the Text Box. The description is visible to Students before they click on the link to take the Test. (Optional) 4. If you want

Xu, Shouhuai

71

NREL: Financing Geothermal Power Projects - Financing Options for  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Financing Options for Geothermal Power Projects Financing Options for Geothermal Power Projects Different financing options are used at each stage in geothermal power project development, which include the exploration and drilling stage and construction and operation stage. The financing option in each stage earns a return proportionate with the risk accepted at that stage in the project's development. For each financing option, both financial and non-financial elements should be considered. Financing options and considerations for a typical geothermal power project are shown in the table below. Your project financing options and considerations may be different. Financing Options and Considerations for a Typical Geothermal Power Project* Financial Considerations Financing Stage Exploration and Drilling Construction and Operation

72

Microwave Radiometer – 3 Channel (MWR3C) Handbook  

SciTech Connect

The microwave radiometer 3-channel (MWR3C) provides time-series measurements of brightness temperatures from three channels centered at 23.834, 30, and 89 GHz. These three channels are sensitive to the presence of liquid water and precipitable water vapor.

Cadeddu, MP

2012-05-04T23:59:59.000Z

73

Data:2375f5e2-7001-4f02-b3c6-418785da0adf | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

e2-7001-4f02-b3c6-418785da0adf e2-7001-4f02-b3c6-418785da0adf No revision has been approved for this page. It is currently under review by our subject matter experts. Jump to: navigation, search Loading... 1. Basic Information 2. Demand 3. Energy << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> Basic Information Utility name: Jackson County Rural E M C Effective date: 2011/10/01 End date if known: Rate name: General Service(Poly phase-Option S;Seasonal Pricing) Sector: Commercial Description: Demand Charges - KW billing demand shall be the maximum average kW demand for any period of fifteen consecutive minutes during the billing period. KVar billing demand will be determined by trigonometric calculation using the peak 15-minute kW billing demand and the average power factor for the period. Energy Charge Options - An account will be billed Energy Charges according to its choice of Option Y - Year-round pricing (the default option), Option S - Seasonal pricing, or Option T - Time-of-use pricing. Every twelve months an account is eligible to select a new Energy Charge Option. An account that elects seasonal or time-of-use pricing for the first time may elect a different option upon completion of a six month initial trial period. If a service location has changed hands and been billed under multiple Energy Charge Options during the previous twelve months, REMC reserves the right to require a new account to begin service for the initial twelve months under Option Y - Year-round pricing.

74

Lighting Options for Homes.  

SciTech Connect

This report covers many aspects of various lighting options for homes. Types of light sources described include natural light, artificial light, incandescent lamps, fluorescent lamps, and high intensity discharge lamps. A light source selection guide gives the physical characteristics of these, design considerations, and common applications. Color, strategies for efficient lighting, and types of lighting are discussed. There is one section giving tips for various situations in specific rooms. Rooms and types of fixtures are shown on a matrix with watts saved by using the recommended type lighting for that room and room location. A major emphasis of this report is saving energy by utilizing the most suitable, recommended lighting option. (BN)

Baker, W.S.

1991-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

75

The hydrogen hybrid option  

SciTech Connect

The energy efficiency of various piston engine options for series hybrid automobiles are compared with conventional, battery powered electric, and proton exchange membrane (PEM) fuel cell hybrid automobiles. Gasoline, compressed natural gas (CNG), and hydrogen are considered for these hybrids. The engine and fuel comparisons are done on a basis of equal vehicle weight, drag, and rolling resistance. The relative emissions of these various fueled vehicle options are also presented. It is concluded that a highly optimized, hydrogen fueled, piston engine, series electric hybrid automobile will have efficiency comparable to a similar fuel cell hybrid automobile and will have fewer total emissions than the battery powered vehicle, even without a catalyst.

Smith, J.R.

1993-10-15T23:59:59.000Z

76

Thermal test options  

SciTech Connect

Shipping containers for radioactive materials must be qualified to meet a thermal accident environment specified in regulations, such at Title 10, Code of Federal Regulations, Part 71. Aimed primarily at the shipping container design, this report discusses the thermal testing options available for meeting the regulatory requirements, and states the advantages and disadvantages of each approach. The principal options considered are testing with radiant heat, furnaces, and open pool fires. The report also identifies some of the facilities available and current contacts. Finally, the report makes some recommendations on the appropriate use of these different testing methods.

Koski, J.A.; Keltner, N.R.; Sobolik, K.B.

1993-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

77

Pemex: Problems and Policy Options  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

American Studies University of California, Berkeley Pemex: Problems and Policy Options David Shields Independent Energy

Shields, David

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

78

Data:8fa56be7-cd3c-4384-ae40-815057fb723b | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

be7-cd3c-4384-ae40-815057fb723b be7-cd3c-4384-ae40-815057fb723b No revision has been approved for this page. It is currently under review by our subject matter experts. Jump to: navigation, search Loading... 1. Basic Information 2. Demand 3. Energy << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> Basic Information Utility name: Prairie Land Electric Coop Inc Effective date: 2010/01/14 End date if known: Rate name: Monthly Unmetered Investment Facility(MULT GLOBE 70W HPS-Option E) Sector: Lighting Description: Customer-100% Cooperative-0% Source or reference: http://www.prairielandelectric.com/Rates_PDF/MKEC%20Rates.pdf Source Parent: Comments Applicability Demand (kW) Minimum (kW): Maximum (kW): History (months): Energy (kWh) Minimum (kWh): Maximum (kWh): History (months): Service Voltage Minimum (V): Maximum (V):

79

Cogeneration System Design Options  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The commercial or industrial firm contemplating cogeneration at its facilities faces numerous basic design choices. The possibilities exist for fueling the system with waste materials, gas, oil, coal, or other combustibles. The choice of boiler, engine, turbine, generator, switchgear, and balance of plant can be bewildering. This paper presents an overview and a systematic approach to the basic system alternatives and attributes. The presentation illustrates how these options match the electrical and thermal needs of a firm, and what kind of operating economics and system paybacks have been achieved. Several cogeneration options are also illustrated to eliminate the problems and uncertainties of dealing with uninterested or non-cooperative utilities, as well as to minimize system costs.

Gilbert, J. S.

1985-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

80

Hydrogen Delivery Infrastructure Option Analysis  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Hydrogen Delivery Infrastructure Hydrogen Delivery Infrastructure Option Analysis Option Analysis DOE and FreedomCAR & Fuel Partnership Hydrogen Delivery and On-Board Storage Analysis Workshop January 25, 2005 Washington DC This presentation does not contain any proprietary or confidential information Tan-Ping Chen Nexant Jim Campbell Bhadra Grover Air Liquide Stefan Unnasch TIAX Glyn Hazelden GTI Graham Moore Chevron Matt Ringer NREL Ray Hobbs Pinnacle West 2 Presentation Outline Project Background Knowledge Collected and Preliminary Results for Each Delivery Option Summary of Observations Next Step Project Background Project Background 4 Delivery Options Option 1* GH delivery by new pipelines Option 2 Converting NG/oil pipelines for GH delivery Option 3 Blending GH into NG pipelines Option 4* GH tube trailers

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "development options 3c" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


81

Bounds for Asian basket options  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this paper we propose pricing bounds for European-style discrete arithmetic Asian basket options in a Black and Scholes framework. We start from methods used for basket options and Asian options. First, we use the general approach for deriving upper ... Keywords: 60E15, 60J65, 91B28, Asian basket option, Non-comonotonic sum, Sum of non-independent random variables

Griselda Deelstra; Ibrahima Diallo; Michčle Vanmaele

2008-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

82

Data:5e52d4d6-cd3c-4448-92c4-ac93b1e528b0 | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

d6-cd3c-4448-92c4-ac93b1e528b0 d6-cd3c-4448-92c4-ac93b1e528b0 No revision has been approved for this page. It is currently under review by our subject matter experts. Jump to: navigation, search Loading... 1. Basic Information 2. Demand 3. Energy << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> Basic Information Utility name: Northwestern Rural E C A, Inc Effective date: End date if known: Rate name: Optional CP Generation Sector: Description: Optional Pricing for Three Phase Service: Availability of Three Phase Service: Any single phase service with transformer capacity greater than 50 KVA and all three phase services up to 1,000 kVA; upon election by any small commercial or public authority consumer for a minimum of 12 consecutive months; subject to the established rules and regulations. Criteria for Optional CP Generation Pricing To receive this option, the consumer shall be charged for the excess cost of special metering based upon the additional cost of said metering times the Cooperative's then effective fixed charge rate, or at the Cooperative's option, the CP Cost of Service Charge shall apply.

83

Data:Da6e1df5-02cb-47b1-b3c5-572e8b3c35e4 | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

e1df5-02cb-47b1-b3c5-572e8b3c35e4 e1df5-02cb-47b1-b3c5-572e8b3c35e4 No revision has been approved for this page. It is currently under review by our subject matter experts. Jump to: navigation, search Loading... 1. Basic Information 2. Demand 3. Energy << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> Basic Information Utility name: City of Bangor, Wisconsin (Utility Company) Effective date: 2010/05/19 End date if known: Rate name: Rg-2 Optional Time-of-Day Three Phase (8:00am-8:00pm) Sector: Residential Description: Application: This rate schedule is optional to all Rg-1, Residential Service customers. Customers that wish to be served on this rate schedule must apply to the utility for service. Once an optional customer begins service on this rate schedule, the customer shall remain on the rate for a minimum of one year. Any customer choosing to be served on this rate schedule waives all rights to billing adjustments arising from a claim that the bill for service would be less on another rate schedule than under this rate schedule. Power Cost Adjustment Clause: Charge per all kWh varies monthly. Pricing Periods: On-peak: The three on-peak periods available are: 7:00 a.m. to 7:00 p.m. 8:00 a.m. to 8:00 p.m. 9:00 a.m. to 9:00 p.m. Monday through Friday, excluding holidays, specified below. Off-peak: All times not specified as on-peak including all day Saturday and Sunday, and the following holidays: New Year's Day, Memorial Day, Independence Day, Labor Day, Thanksgiving Day, and Christmas Day, or the day designated to be celebrated as such. Fixed Monthly Charge includes Commitment to Community Rider: $1.10 per customer per month

84

Data:B37ad405-1bd7-40e7-9478-baf3c053a57e | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

05-1bd7-40e7-9478-baf3c053a57e 05-1bd7-40e7-9478-baf3c053a57e No revision has been approved for this page. It is currently under review by our subject matter experts. Jump to: navigation, search Loading... 1. Basic Information 2. Demand 3. Energy << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> Basic Information Utility name: Algoma Utility Comm Effective date: 2008/05/28 End date if known: Rate name: Street Lighting Service - Option A - 100 W MH Sector: Lighting Description: Application: This schedule will be applied to municipal street lighting. Option A: Utility Owned and Maintained. Power Cost Adjustment Clause: Charge per all kWh varies monthly. See schedule PCAC. Note: HPS = High Pressure Sodium MH = Metal Halide Source or reference: http://www.algomautilities.com/media/Electric_Rate_Tariff_Sheets.pdf

85

A semi-dynamic approach for valuing and hedging options on two assets with continuous payout  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A central problem in risk management is how to develop effective and accurate hedging strategies for financial and physical assets which are usually not liquidly traded in the market. We consider the problem of replicating the payoffs of options on two ... Keywords: electricity derivatives, options pricing, real options, semi-dynamic hedging, spark spread, spread options

Shi-Jie Deng

2007-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

86

UNDP-Climate Finance Options Platform | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

UNDP-Climate Finance Options Platform UNDP-Climate Finance Options Platform Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: UNDP-Climate Finance Options Platform Agency/Company /Organization: United Nations Development Programme, World Bank Sector: Energy Focus Area: Energy Efficiency, Renewable Energy Topics: Finance Website: www.climatefinanceoptions.org/cfo/ Cost: Free UNDP-Climate Finance Options Platform Screenshot References: UNDP-Climate Finance Options Platform[1] "This Climate Finance Options platform, launched under the chapeau "Acting on Climate Change: The UN System Delivering As One", addresses information needs on the multitude of funds available for climate action in developing countries. Based on the UNFCCC framework, the platform is composed of two complementary domains (one led by UNFCCC and one by

87

Peak load management: Potential options  

SciTech Connect

This report reviews options that may be alternatives to transmission construction (ATT) applicable both generally and at specific locations in the service area of the Bonneville Power Administration (BPA). Some of these options have potential as specific alternatives to the Shelton-Fairmount 230-kV Reinforcement Project, which is the focus of this study. A listing of 31 peak load management (PLM) options is included. Estimated costs and normalized hourly load shapes, corresponding to the respective base load and controlled load cases, are considered for 15 of the above options. A summary page is presented for each of these options, grouped with respect to its applicability in the residential, commercial, industrial, and agricultural sectors. The report contains comments on PLM measures for which load shape management characteristics are not yet available. These comments address the potential relevance of the options and the possible difficulty that may be encountered in characterizing their value should be of interest in this investigation. The report also identifies options that could improve the efficiency of the three customer utility distribution systems supplied by the Shelton-Fairmount Reinforcement Project. Potential cogeneration options in the Olympic Peninsula are also discussed. These discussions focus on the options that appear to be most promising on the Olympic Peninsula. Finally, a short list of options is recommended for investigation in the next phase of this study. 9 refs., 24 tabs.

Englin, J.E.; De Steese, J.G.; Schultz, R.W.; Kellogg, M.A.

1989-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

88

Greenhouse gas emissions and the developing countries: Strategic options and the U. S. A. I. D. response. Report to the Congress  

SciTech Connect

The report responds to the Fiscal Year 1990 Foreign Assistance Appropriations Act, which requested the Agency for International Development (A.I.D.) to prepare a report that (1) examines the potential contributions of developing countries to future global emissions of greenhouse gases under different economic growth scenarios, (2) estimates the relative contributions of those countries to global greenhouse gas emissions, and (3) identifies specific key countries that stand to contribute significantly to global greenhouse gas emissions, and in which actions to promote energy efficiency, reliance on renewable resources, and conservation of forest resources could significantly reduce emissions of greenhouse gases. The report presents ongoing programs and new initiatives being considered by A.I.D. to promote sustained economic growth in developing countries while minimizing greenhouse gas emissions. Estimates of present and projected emissions, including emissions from A.I.D.-designated key countries, are based on the work of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC). Despite the uncertainties regarding the timing, magnitude, and impacts of global climate change, the issue has dramatized the daunting problems faced by developing countries in achieving sustained economic and social development. Responding to the policy imperative of managing the global commons while accelerating development in individual countries is one of the significant challenges of our time.

Jhirad, D.; Padmanabhan, S.

1990-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

89

Expanding Options for Nuclear Power | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Expanding Options for Nuclear Power Expanding Options for Nuclear Power Expanding Options for Nuclear Power April 15, 2013 - 10:12am Addthis The development of clean, affordable nuclear power options is a key element of the Energy Department's Nuclear Energy Research and Development Roadmap. As a part of this strategy, a high priority of the Department has been to help accelerate the timelines for the commercialization and deployment of small modular reactor (SMR) technologies through the SMR Licensing Technical Support program. | Photo by the Energy Department. The development of clean, affordable nuclear power options is a key element of the Energy Department's Nuclear Energy Research and Development Roadmap. As a part of this strategy, a high priority of the Department has been to

90

Sustainable Energy: Choosing Among Options  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Review: Sustainable Energy: Choosing Among Options Byand William A. Peters. Sustainable Energy: Choosing AmongAll the authors of Sustainable Energy are associated with

Mirza, Umar Karim

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

91

Mandatory Utility Green Power Option  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

In Montana, regulated electric utilities are required to offer customers the option of purchasing electricity generated by certified, environmentally-preferred resources that include, but are not...

92

Data:D862e3c4-e818-4d73-92bf-019aa095b435 | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

2e3c4-e818-4d73-92bf-019aa095b435 2e3c4-e818-4d73-92bf-019aa095b435 No revision has been approved for this page. It is currently under review by our subject matter experts. Jump to: navigation, search Loading... 1. Basic Information 2. Demand 3. Energy << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> Basic Information Utility name: Algoma Utility Comm Effective date: 2008/05/28 End date if known: Rate name: Residential Service - Optional Time-of-Day Single-Phase 9am-9pm Sector: Residential Description: This rate schedule is optional to all Rg-1, Residential Service customers. Customers that wish to be served on this rate schedule must apply to the utility for service. Once an optional customer begins service on this rate schedule, the customer shall remain on the rate for a minimum of one year. Any customer choosing to be served on this rate schedule waives all rights to billing adjustments arising from a claim that the bill for service would be less on another rate schedule than under this rate schedule. Rg-2 Residential Service Optional TOD $1.00 per customer per month

93

Green Power Network: Mandatory Utility Green Power Option  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Mandatory Utility Green Power Option Mandatory Utility Green Power Option A number of states have adopted policies requiring or encouraging electricity suppliers to offer green power options to consumers. This section provides summaries of these policies and links to the full text of the legislation or public utility commission rules. Connecticut Iowa Maine Minnesota Montana New Jersey New Mexico Oregon Vermont Virginia Washington Connecticut June 2003—On June 26, Connecticut Governor John G. Rowland signed a bill (SB 733) amending the state's Electric Restructuring Act and granting authority to the Department of Public Utility Control (DPUC) to require electric distribution companies to offer green power options. The legislation enables the DPUC to determine the terms and conditions of renewable energy or energy efficiency options, including the contract terms and the minimum percentage of electricity to be derived from renewable energy sources. The green energy options will be developed and implemented by third-party companies selected through a competitive bidding process.

94

A Note on Pricing Options on Defaultable Stocks  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In this note, we develop stock option price approximations for a model which takes both the risk o default and the stochastic volatility into account. We also let the intensity of defaults be influenced by the volatility. We show that it might be possible to infer the risk neutral default intensity from the stock option prices. Our option price approximation has a rich implied volatility surface structure and fits the data implied volatility well. Our calibration exercise shows that an effective hazard rate from bonds issued by a company can be used to explain the implied volatility skew of the implied volatility of the option prices issued by the same company.

Bayraktar, Erhan

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

95

NEXT GENERATION MELTER OPTIONEERING STUDY - INTERIM REPORT  

SciTech Connect

The next generation melter (NOM) development program includes a down selection process to aid in determining the recommended vitrification technology to implement into the WTP at the first melter change-out which is scheduled for 2025. This optioneering study presents a structured value engineering process to establish and assess evaluation criteria that will be incorporated into the down selection process. This process establishes an evaluation framework that will be used progressively throughout the NGM program, and as such this interim report will be updated on a regular basis. The workshop objectives were achieved. In particular: (1) Consensus was reached with stakeholders and technology providers represented at the workshop regarding the need for a decision making process and the application of the D{sub 2}0 process to NGM option evaluation. (2) A framework was established for applying the decision making process to technology development and evaluation between 2010 and 2013. (3) The criteria for the initial evaluation in 2011 were refined and agreed with stakeholders and technology providers. (4) The technology providers have the guidance required to produce data/information to support the next phase of the evaluation process. In some cases it may be necessary to reflect the data/information requirements and overall approach to the evaluation of technology options against specific criteria within updated Statements of Work for 2010-2011. Access to the WTP engineering data has been identified as being very important for option development and evaluation due to the interface issues for the NGM and surrounding plant. WRPS efforts are ongoing to establish precisely data that is required and how to resolve this Issue. It is intended to apply a similarly structured decision making process to the development and evaluation of LAW NGM options.

GRAY MF; CALMUS RB; RAMSEY G; LOMAX J; ALLEN H

2010-10-19T23:59:59.000Z

96

Pilot Application to Nuclear Fuel Cycle Options | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Pilot Application to Nuclear Fuel Cycle Options Pilot Application to Nuclear Fuel Cycle Options Pilot Application to Nuclear Fuel Cycle Options A Screening Method for Guiding R&D Decisions: Pilot Application to Screen Nuclear Fuel Cycle Options The Department of Energy's Office of Nuclear Energy (DOE-NE) invests in research and development (R&D) to ensure that the United States will maintain its domestic nuclear energy capability and scientific and technical leadership in the international community of nuclear power nations in the years ahead. The 2010 Nuclear Energy Research and Development Roadmap presents a high-level vision and framework for R&D activities that are needed to keep the nuclear energy option viable in the near term and to expand its use in the decades ahead. The roadmap identifies the development

97

The Window Strategy with Options  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The window strategy is one of several marketing strategies using futures and options to establish a floor price and allow for upside price potential. It also reduces option premium costs. This publication discusses how the window strategy works and when to use it.

McCorkle, Dean; Amosson, Stephen H.; Fausett, Marvin

1999-06-23T23:59:59.000Z

98

Development of an integrated, in-situ remediation technology: Task 1 -- Evaluation of treatment zone formation options. Topical report, September 26, 1994--May 25, 1996  

SciTech Connect

Contamination in low permeability soils poses a significant technical challenge to in-situ remediation efforts. Poor accessibility to the contaminants and difficulty in delivery of treatment reagents have rendered existing in-situ treatments such as bioremediation, vapor extraction, pump and treat rather ineffective when applied to low permeability soils present at many contaminated sites. The technology is an integrated in-situ treatment in which established geotechnical methods are used to install degradation zones directly in the contaminated soil and electro-osmosis is utilized to move the contaminants back and forth through those zones until the treatment is completed. This topical report presents the results of evaluations by E.I. duPont de Nemours and Co., Inc. of treatment zone and electrode emplacement alternatives for use in the integrated treatment process. Specifically, the scope of this study was limited to vertical configuration emplacements. Several promising alternatives were identified ranging from approaches involving standard excavation techniques to relatively specialized geotechnical construction methods which could be modified for the treatment zone emplacement purpose. Information developed in this report is designed to help the user select the most promising emplacement method(s) for a given site on the basis of (1) depth of emplacement, and (2) restrictions on handling excavated soils. Advantages, disadvantages, and estimated costs are identified for each alternative, and possible bases for improvement and cost reduction through further development are described.

Shoemaker, S.H.; Landis, R.C.; Griffith, R.J.; Schultz, D.S. [Monsanto Co., St. Louis, MO (United States); Quinton, G.E. [E.I. duPont de Nemours and Co., Inc., Wilmington, DE (United States)

1997-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

99

Fast Spectrum Molten Salt Reactor Options  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

During 2010, fast-spectrum molten-salt reactors (FS-MSRs) were selected as a transformational reactor concept for light-water reactor (LWR)-derived heavy actinide disposition by the Department of Energy-Nuclear Energy Advanced Reactor Concepts (ARC) program and were the subject of a preliminary scoping investigation. Much of the reactor description information presented in this report derives from the preliminary studies performed for the ARC project. This report, however, has a somewhat broader scope-providing a conceptual overview of the characteristics and design options for FS-MSRs. It does not present in-depth evaluation of any FS-MSR particular characteristic, but instead provides an overview of all of the major reactor system technologies and characteristics, including the technology developments since the end of major molten salt reactor (MSR) development efforts in the 1970s. This report first presents a historical overview of the FS-MSR technology and describes the innovative characteristics of an FS-MSR. Next, it provides an overview of possible reactor configurations. The following design features/options and performance considerations are described including: (1) reactor salt options-both chloride and fluoride salts; (2) the impact of changing the carrier salt and actinide concentration on conversion ratio; (3) the conversion ratio; (4) an overview of the fuel salt chemical processing; (5) potential power cycles and hydrogen production options; and (6) overview of the performance characteristics of FS-MSRs, including general comparative metrics with LWRs. The conceptual-level evaluation includes resource sustainability, proliferation resistance, economics, and safety. The report concludes with a description of the work necessary to begin more detailed evaluation of FS-MSRs as a realistic reactor and fuel cycle option.

Gehin, Jess C [ORNL; Holcomb, David Eugene [ORNL; Flanagan, George F [ORNL; Patton, Bruce W [ORNL; Howard, Rob L [ORNL; Harrison, Thomas J [ORNL

2011-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

100

Pricing and hedging Asian basket spread options  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Asian options, basket options and spread options have been extensively studied in the literature. However, few papers deal with the problem of pricing general Asian basket spread options. This paper aims to fill this gap. In order to obtain prices and ... Keywords: 91G20, Asian basket spread option, Moment matching, Non-comonotonic sum, Shifted log-extended skew normal law

Griselda Deelstra; Alexandre Petkovic; Michčle Vanmaele

2010-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "development options 3c" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
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101

Hydrogen Delivery Infrastructure Options Analysis  

Fuel Cell Technologies Publication and Product Library (EERE)

This report, by the Nexant team, documents an in-depth analysis of seven hydrogen delivery options to identify the most cost-effective hydrogen infrastructure for the transition and long term. The pro

102

Data:77230dd5-1537-4479-b746-9d40b3c36611 | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

dd5-1537-4479-b746-9d40b3c36611 dd5-1537-4479-b746-9d40b3c36611 No revision has been approved for this page. It is currently under review by our subject matter experts. Jump to: navigation, search Loading... 1. Basic Information 2. Demand 3. Energy << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> Basic Information Utility name: Village of Sauk City, Wisconsin (Utility Company) Effective date: 2008/08/18 End date if known: Rate name: Gs-2 General Service Three Phase Optional Time-of-Day with Parallel Generation(20kW or less) Sector: Commercial Description: Power Cost Adjustment Clause - All metered rates shall be subject to a positive or negative power cost adjustment charge equivalent to the amount by which the current cost of power (per kilowatt-hour of sales) is greater or lesser than the base cost of power purchased (per kilowatt-hour of sales). The base cost of power (U) is $0.0756 per kilowatt-hour.

103

Data:2144b30d-9241-4396-b86a-3c8652781070 | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

0d-9241-4396-b86a-3c8652781070 0d-9241-4396-b86a-3c8652781070 No revision has been approved for this page. It is currently under review by our subject matter experts. Jump to: navigation, search Loading... 1. Basic Information 2. Demand 3. Energy << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> Basic Information Utility name: Eastern Illinois Elec Coop Effective date: 2013/04/15 End date if known: Rate name: (RATE SCHEDULE 8: ELECTRIC HEAT)OPTIONAL SERVICE - THREE-PHASE Sector: Commercial Description: This rate schedule is available upon application to any member/owner who has permanently installed facilities using electricity either as the primary source of energy for space and water heating, or as electric resistance, low-temperature grain drying and for all other uses, including lighting and power, subject to the established rules and regulations of the Cooperative. A premises may qualify for this rate if the electric heating system is used for over 75 percent of the heating load at the premises. This rate is applicable to loads requiring 225 kVA or less of transformer capacity. Three-phase service requiring more than 225 kVA of transformer capacity shall be provided under the Cooperative's Rate Schedule for Large Power Service. The Cooperative shall be the sole and final authority in determining applicability of this rate to an account. The availability of this rate is extended to all member/owners previously served under Rate Schedule 6.

104

Local Option - Industrial Facilities and Development Bonds |...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Water Water Heating Wind Maximum Rebate Locally Determined Program Information Utah Program Type State Bond Program Rebate Amount Locally Determined Under the Utah...

105

Local Option - Industrial Facilities and Development Bonds |...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Sector Commercial, Industrial, Institutional, Local Government Eligible Technologies Boilers, Building Insulation, CaulkingWeather-stripping, Central Air conditioners, Chillers,...

106

Argument optionality in the LinGO grammar matrix  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We present a library of implemented HPSG analyses for argument optionality based on typological studies of this phenomenon in the world's languages, developed in the context of a grammar customization system that pairs a cross-linguistic core grammar ...

Safiyyah Saleem; Emily M. Bender

2010-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

107

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Equipment Options for E85 Fueling Systems  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Equipment Options for Equipment Options for E85 Fueling Systems to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Equipment Options for E85 Fueling Systems on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Equipment Options for E85 Fueling Systems on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Equipment Options for E85 Fueling Systems on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Equipment Options for E85 Fueling Systems on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Equipment Options for E85 Fueling Systems on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Equipment Options for E85 Fueling Systems on AddThis.com... More in this section... Ethanol Basics Benefits & Considerations Stations Locations Infrastructure Development Business Case Equipment Options

108

Mandatory Utility Green Power Option | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Mandatory Utility Green Power Option Mandatory Utility Green Power Option Mandatory Utility Green Power Option < Back Eligibility Investor-Owned Utility Municipal Utility Utility Savings Category Bioenergy Commercial Heating & Cooling Manufacturing Buying & Making Electricity Water Energy Sources Solar Wind Program Info State Maine Program Type Mandatory Utility Green Power Option Provider Maine Public Utilities Commission Legislation enacted in 2009 directed the Maine Public Utilities Commission (PUC) to develop a program offering green power as an option to residential and small commercial customers in the state. The PUC issued rules in October 2010 and issued an RFP. The PUC selected a company, 3 Degrees, to manage the statewide green power program for Maine's transmission and distribution territories. The program includes community-based renewable

109

Mandatory Utility Green Power Option | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Mandatory Utility Green Power Option Mandatory Utility Green Power Option Mandatory Utility Green Power Option < Back Eligibility Utility Savings Category Bioenergy Water Buying & Making Electricity Solar Wind Program Info State Iowa Program Type Mandatory Utility Green Power Option Provider Iowa Utilities Board All electric utilities operating in Iowa, including those not rate-regulated by the Iowa Utilities Board (IUB), are required to offer green power options to their customers. These programs allow customers to make voluntary contributions to support the development of renewable energy sources in Iowa. Utilities must file their program plans and tariff schedules with the IUB; however, the filings for non-rate-regulated utilities are intended to be for informational purposes only. This policy

110

Data:B54b21de-3c63-405a-9ea9-f152c09b3c13 | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

b21de-3c63-405a-9ea9-f152c09b3c13 b21de-3c63-405a-9ea9-f152c09b3c13 No revision has been approved for this page. It is currently under review by our subject matter experts. Jump to: navigation, search Loading... 1. Basic Information 2. Demand 3. Energy << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> Basic Information Utility name: City of Rockwood, Tennessee (Utility Company) Effective date: 2012/12/01 End date if known: Rate name: Residential Sector: Residential Description: "applies only to electric service to a single-family dwelling and its appurtenances, where the major use of electricity is for domestic purposes such as lighting, household appliances, and the personal comfort and convenience of those residing therein..." Source or reference: http://www.rockwoodelectric.com/rates.asp

111

Technical Options to Address Cyber Security, Interoperability...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Technical Options to Address Cyber Security, Interoperability and Other Issues with ZigBee SEP Title Technical Options to Address Cyber Security, Interoperability and Other Issues...

112

Option Value of Electricity Demand Response  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

17 3.3.1 Distributed Generation Options17 3.3.2 Distributed Generation Modeling18 3.3.3 Distributed Generation Option Results and

Sezgen, Osman; Goldman, Charles; Krishnarao, P.

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

113

Energy Options Solutions | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Energy Options & Solutions Place Ann Arbor, Michigan Zip 48103 Product Michigan-based alternative energy consultant. References Energy Options & Solutions1 LinkedIn...

114

UNDERGRADUATE DEGREE OPTIONS The Department of Earth Sciences offers a Bachelor of Science in the following options  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

assessment, cartography, remote sensing, marketing, policy analysis and geographic information analysis. This option equips students for careers in hydrology, climatology, environmental analysis, resource and hazard exploration for and development of Earth's mineral and energy resources; environmental and engineering

Maxwell, Bruce D.

115

A Comparative Study of the Structure and Energetics of Elementary Defects in 3C- and 4H-SiC  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The potential non-equivalent defects in both 3C- and 4H-SiC are classified by a new method that is based on symmetry considerations. In 4H-SiC, their number is considerably higher than in 3C-SiC, since the hexagonal symmetry leads to diversification. The different theoretical methods hitherto used to investigate defects in 3C-SiC are critically reviewed. Classical MD simulations with a recently developed interatomic potential are employed to investigate the stability, structure and energetics of the large number of potential non-equivalent defects that may exist in 4H-SiC. Most of the potential defects in 4H-SiC are found to be stable. The interstitials between hexagonal and trigonal rings, which do not exist in 3C-SiC, are characteristic for 4H-SiC and other hexagonal polytypes. The structure and energetics of some complex and anisotropic dumbbells depend strongly on the polytype. On the other hand, polytypism does not have a significant influence on the properties of the more compact and isotropic defects, such as vacancies, antisites, hexagonal interstitials, and many dumbbells. The results allow conclusions to be drawn about the energy hierarchy of the defects.

Posselt, Matthias; Gao, Fei; Weber, William J.; Belko, V

2004-03-03T23:59:59.000Z

116

V-010: 3Com, HP, and H3C Switches SNMP Configuration Lets Remote Users Take  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

10: 3Com, HP, and H3C Switches SNMP Configuration Lets Remote 10: 3Com, HP, and H3C Switches SNMP Configuration Lets Remote Users Take Administrative Actions V-010: 3Com, HP, and H3C Switches SNMP Configuration Lets Remote Users Take Administrative Actions October 25, 2012 - 6:00am Addthis PROBLEM: 3Com, HP, and H3C Switches SNMP Configuration Lets Remote Users Take Administrative Actions PLATFORM: 3COM, and H3C Routers & Switches Specific products and model numbers is provided in the vendor's advisory. ABSTRACT: A vulnerability was reported in 3Com, HP, and H3C Switches. REFERENCE LINKS: HP Support document ID: c03515685 SecurityTracker Alert ID: 1027694 CVE-2012-3268 IMPACT ASSESSMENT: High DISCUSSION: A remote user with knowledge of the SNMP public community string can access potentially sensitive data (e.g., user names, passwords) in the

117

Data:0d9f45c7-338c-4090-bd46-db3c9e2a8607 | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

f45c7-338c-4090-bd46-db3c9e2a8607 f45c7-338c-4090-bd46-db3c9e2a8607 No revision has been approved for this page. It is currently under review by our subject matter experts. Jump to: navigation, search Loading... 1. Basic Information 2. Demand 3. Energy << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> Basic Information Utility name: City of Burbank Water and Power, California (Utility Company) Effective date: 2013/07/01 End date if known: Rate name: Residential Service - Optional TOU Rate for Electric Vehicle Owners Sector: Residential Description: Source or reference: burbankca.gov/home/showdocument?id=20930 Source Parent: Comments Applicability Demand (kW) Minimum (kW): Maximum (kW): History (months): Energy (kWh) Minimum (kWh): Maximum (kWh): History (months): Service Voltage Minimum (V): Maximum (V): Character of Service

118

Data:Bcdc4a3c-0ceb-4c72-b807-959114939ac3 | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Bcdc4a3c-0ceb-4c72-b807-959114939ac3 Bcdc4a3c-0ceb-4c72-b807-959114939ac3 No revision has been approved for this page. It is currently under review by our subject matter experts. Jump to: navigation, search Loading... 1. Basic Information 2. Demand 3. Energy << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> Basic Information Utility name: Jackson Electric Member Corp Effective date: End date if known: Rate name: Outdoor Lighting Decashield HPS 250 W Wood Pole Sector: Lighting Description: Source or reference: http://www.jacksonemc.com/business-manage-my-account-commercial-rates-options/schedules/outdoor-lighting-service Source Parent: Comments Applicability Demand (kW) Minimum (kW): Maximum (kW): History (months): Energy (kWh) Minimum (kWh): Maximum (kWh): History (months): Service Voltage Minimum (V): Maximum (V): Character of Service

119

Energy Options for the Future  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Options Options for the Future * John Sheffield, 1 Stephen Obenschain, 2,12 David Conover, 3 Rita Bajura, 4 David Greene, 5 Marilyn Brown, 6 Eldon Boes, 7 Kathyrn McCarthy, 8 David Christian, 9 Stephen Dean, 10 Gerald Kulcinski, 11 and P.L. Denholm 11 This paper summarizes the presentations and discussion at the Energy Options for the Future meeting held at the Naval Research Laboratory in March of 2004. The presentations covered the present status and future potential for coal, oil, natural gas, nuclear, wind, solar, geo- thermal, and biomass energy sources and the effect of measures for energy conservation. The longevity of current major energy sources, means for resolving or mitigating environmental issues, and the role to be played by yet to be deployed sources, like fusion, were major topics of presentation and discussion. KEY WORDS: Energy; fuels; nuclear; fusion; efficiency; renewables.

120

Local Option - Commercial PACE Financing (Utah) | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Local Option - Commercial PACE Financing (Utah) Local Option - Commercial PACE Financing (Utah) Local Option - Commercial PACE Financing (Utah) < Back Eligibility Commercial Fed. Government Industrial Local Government Multi-Family Residential Nonprofit State Government Savings Category Heating & Cooling Commercial Heating & Cooling Heating Home Weatherization Commercial Weatherization Sealing Your Home Cooling Other Design & Remodeling Windows, Doors, & Skylights Construction Manufacturing Heat Pumps Appliances & Electronics Commercial Lighting Lighting Insulation Solar Buying & Making Electricity Energy Sources Water Water Heating Wind Program Info State Utah Program Type PACE Financing Provider Office of Energy Development Senate Bill 221 of 2013 authorizes local governments to adopt Commercial* Property Assessed Clean Energy (C-PACE) financing programs. C-PACE allows

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "development options 3c" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


121

Option pricing, maturity randomization and distributed computing  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We price discretely monitored options when the underlying evolves according to different exponential Levy processes. By geometric randomization of the option maturity, we transform the n-steps backward recursion that arises in option pricing into an ... Keywords: Discrete monitoring, Grid computing, Integral equations, Lévy processes, Option pricing

Gianluca Fusai; Daniele Marazzina; Marina Marena

2010-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

122

Generating Profit Using Option Selling Strategies  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this paper, option selling strategy is discussed which is different from traditional equity and commodity trading strategies. Option selling strategies can achieve various non-linear Profit & Loss (P&L) graphs instead of traditional linear P&L graph. ... Keywords: Option, trading strategy, option selling, straddle

Stanley Choi; Dong Gang; Kin Keung Lai

2012-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

123

Data:35276a3c-abed-4b10-88aa-13ce3d186247 | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

a3c-abed-4b10-88aa-13ce3d186247 a3c-abed-4b10-88aa-13ce3d186247 No revision has been approved for this page. It is currently under review by our subject matter experts. Jump to: navigation, search Loading... 1. Basic Information 2. Demand 3. Energy << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> Basic Information Utility name: Nodak Electric Coop Inc Effective date: End date if known: Rate name: Industrial- Distribution Delivery - Three Phase Sector: Industrial Description: Applies to all customers who historically meet the following criteria: 1. average greater than 50 KW monthly demand per year, or 2. have a monthly demand greater than 100 KW two or more times per year, or 3. require service to an irrigation site. Load Management Options - Two options are available to C/I customers who wish to lower their coincidental demand charges by participating in the Load Management Program. 1. Full load management - Under full load management, the customer is expected to curtail load during all hours of load management. Under this option, the customer can avoid all seasonal coincidental demand charges. 2. Incremental pricing - Customers also have the option of purchasing energy during certain control periods. Nodak will provide a signal at the load management receiver indicating whether or not incremental energy is available. The customer is responsible to monitor the load management system status. If the customer chooses to operate through periods when incremental energy is available, coincidental demand charges will not accrue; however, an incremental adder will be charged for each kilowatt-hour consumed during those hours. These charges are as follows: Irrigation incremental adder up to *$0.12/Kwh All other C/I accounts incremental adder up to *$0.095/Kwh

124

Data:5617ac0e-3c6b-40ad-a852-daee53a7a636 | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

ac0e-3c6b-40ad-a852-daee53a7a636 ac0e-3c6b-40ad-a852-daee53a7a636 No revision has been approved for this page. It is currently under review by our subject matter experts. Jump to: navigation, search Loading... 1. Basic Information 2. Demand 3. Energy << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> Basic Information Utility name: Nodak Electric Coop Inc Effective date: End date if known: Rate name: Commercial - Distribution Delivery - Three Phase Sector: Commercial Description: Applies to all customers who historically meet the following criteria: 1. average greater than 50 KW monthly demand per year, or 2. have a monthly demand greater than 100 KW two or more times per year, or 3. require service to an irrigation site. Load Management Options - Two options are available to C/I customers who wish to lower their coincidental demand charges by participating in the Load Management Program. 1. Full load management - Under full load management, the customer is expected to curtail load during all hours of load management. Under this option, the customer can avoid all seasonal coincidental demand charges. 2. Incremental pricing - Customers also have the option of purchasing energy during certain control periods. Nodak will provide a signal at the load management receiver indicating whether or not incremental energy is available. The customer is responsible to monitor the load management system status. If the customer chooses to operate through periods when incremental energy is available, coincidental demand charges will not accrue; however, an incremental adder will be charged for each kilowatt-hour consumed during those hours. These charges are as follows: Irrigation incremental adder up to *$0.12/Kwh All other C/I accounts incremental adder up to *$0.095/Kwh

125

Assessing Renewable Energy Options | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Assessing Renewable Energy Options Assessing Renewable Energy Options Assessing Renewable Energy Options October 16, 2013 - 5:16pm Addthis Preliminary Screening with an arrow pointing down to Screening. Square with the text planning in the center. A graphic of an arrow pointing down to Feasibility Study. The word Screening appears on the arrow. A square graphic showing the text Programming: Planning Charette and it's aligned to the right of arrow pointing down which reads Screening. An arrow pointing down which reads Feasibility Study. The arrow points to Size and Design Systems. A square graphic with the text Building Design: Schematic Design (35%) shown to the right of an arrow pointing down which reads Feasibility Study. An arrow pointing down which reads Size and Design Systems. This is the last of 4 arrows which show the progression from Preliminary Screening to Screening to Feasibility Study to Size and Design Systems. A square graphic which reads Building Design: Design Development (65%). This is the last of 4 boxes.

126

Data:E91145e4-aad5-41d0-98ba-b697d3c3c52a | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

aad5-41d0-98ba-b697d3c3c52a aad5-41d0-98ba-b697d3c3c52a No revision has been approved for this page. It is currently under review by our subject matter experts. Jump to: navigation, search Loading... 1. Basic Information 2. Demand 3. Energy << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> Basic Information Utility name: Hustisford Utilities Effective date: 2008/09/30 End date if known: Rate name: Cp-2 Large Power Service above 200kW Demand Time-of-Day Service with Parallel Generation(20kW or less) Sector: Industrial Description: Power Cost Adjustment Clause - All metered rates shall be subject to a positive or negative power cost adjustment charge equivalent to the amount by which the current cost of power (per kilowatt-hour of sales) is greater or lesser than the base cost of power purchased (per kilowatt-hour of sales). The base cost of power (U) is $0.0720 per kilowatt-hour.

127

Data:6424cc68-aa3c-42aa-ad29-b80ed6e62e3c | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

8-aa3c-42aa-ad29-b80ed6e62e3c 8-aa3c-42aa-ad29-b80ed6e62e3c No revision has been approved for this page. It is currently under review by our subject matter experts. Jump to: navigation, search Loading... 1. Basic Information 2. Demand 3. Energy << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> Basic Information Utility name: Village of Prairie Du Sac, Wisconsin (Utility Company) Effective date: 2006/06/15 End date if known: Rate name: Cp-2 Large Power Time-of-Day Service Primary Metering & Transformer Ownership Discount with Parallel Generation(20kW or less) Sector: Industrial Description: Power Cost Adjustment Clause - All metered rates shall be subject to a positive or negative power cost adjustment charge equivalent to the amount by which the current cost of power (per kilowatt-hour of sales) is greater or lesser than the base cost of power purchased (per kilowatt-hour of sales). The base cost of power (U) is $0.0583 per kilowatt-hour.

128

Data:34702ed8-2f91-4f3c-af4a-a423d3c483ad | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

ed8-2f91-4f3c-af4a-a423d3c483ad ed8-2f91-4f3c-af4a-a423d3c483ad No revision has been approved for this page. It is currently under review by our subject matter experts. Jump to: navigation, search Loading... 1. Basic Information 2. Demand 3. Energy << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> Basic Information Utility name: Wheat Belt Public Power Dist Effective date: 2013/04/01 End date if known: Rate name: Large Power (C-1) Sector: Commercial Description: Source or reference: http://www.wheatbelt.com/uploaded/pdf/13572235352013RSC-1.pdf Source Parent: Comments Applicability Demand (kW) Minimum (kW): Maximum (kW): History (months): Energy (kWh) Minimum (kWh): Maximum (kWh): History (months): Service Voltage Minimum (V): Maximum (V): Character of Service Voltage Category: Phase Wiring: << Previous 1 2 3 Next >>

129

Data:Fd677d3c-5c3c-4a0c-a499-9eac124aadbc | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

d3c-5c3c-4a0c-a499-9eac124aadbc d3c-5c3c-4a0c-a499-9eac124aadbc No revision has been approved for this page. It is currently under review by our subject matter experts. Jump to: navigation, search Loading... 1. Basic Information 2. Demand 3. Energy << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> Basic Information Utility name: Entergy Louisiana Inc Effective date: 2006/01/31 End date if known: Rate name: RIDER TO SCHEDULE LIPS Sector: Industrial Description: This Rider Schedule is applicable, subject to the terms and conditions hereinafter set forth, to additional service in conjunction with Firm Power Service to Customer under Rate Schedule LIPS, when prearrangement has been made for the installation of facilities of adequate capacity and suitable phase and voltage adjacent to the premises to be served. All service is supplied at one location and at the voltage prescribed in Rate Schedule LIPS so as to permit delivery and metering of the total service at a single point of delivery and by a single metering installation

130

Assessment of Biomass Pelletization Options for Greensburg, Kansas:  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Assessment of Biomass Pelletization Options for Greensburg, Kansas: Assessment of Biomass Pelletization Options for Greensburg, Kansas: Executive Summary Assessment of Biomass Pelletization Options for Greensburg, Kansas: Executive Summary This executive summary provides an overview of a technical report on an assessment NREL conducted in Greensburg, Kansas, to identify potential opportunities to develop a biomass pelletization or briquetting plant in the region. 45843.pdf More Documents & Publications Assessment of Biomass Pelletization Options for Greensburg, Kansas Rebuilding Greensburg, Kansas, as a Model Green Community: A Case Study; NREL's Technical Assistance to Greensburg, June 2007-May 2009 Rebuilding Greensburg, Kansas, as a Model Green Community: A Case Study; NREL's Technical Assistance to Greensburg, June 2007-May 2009; Appendices

131

Assessment of Biomass Pelletization Options for Greensburg, Kansas |  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Assessment of Biomass Pelletization Options for Greensburg, Kansas Assessment of Biomass Pelletization Options for Greensburg, Kansas Assessment of Biomass Pelletization Options for Greensburg, Kansas This report provides an overview of a technical report on an assessment NREL conducted in Greensburg, Kansas, to identify potential opportunities to develop a biomass pelletization or briquetting plant in the region. See NREL/TP-7A2-45843 for the Executive Summary of this report. 48073.pdf More Documents & Publications Assessment of Biomass Pelletization Options for Greensburg, Kansas: Executive Summary Rebuilding Greensburg, Kansas, as a Model Green Community: A Case Study; NREL's Technical Assistance to Greensburg, June 2007-May 2009 Rebuilding Greensburg, Kansas, as a Model Green Community: A Case Study; NREL's Technical Assistance to Greensburg, June 2007-May 2009; Appendices

132

Procurement Options for New Renewable Electricity Supply | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Procurement Options for New Renewable Electricity Supply Procurement Options for New Renewable Electricity Supply Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: Procurement Options for New Renewable Electricity Supply Agency/Company /Organization: National Renewable Energy Laboratory Sector: Energy Focus Area: Renewable Energy Phase: Evaluate Options Topics: Finance, Low emission development planning, -LEDS Resource Type: Case studies/examples, Lessons learned/best practices, Technical report Website: nrelpubs.nrel.gov/Webtop/ws/nich/www/public/Record?rpp=25&upp=0&m=1&w= Cost: Free OpenEI Keyword(s): feed-in tariffs, renewable portfolio standards, FITs, FIT, RPS, renewable energy, procurement UN Region: Northern America Language: English Tool Overview "State renewable portfolio standard (RPS) policies require utilities and

133

Hydrogen Delivery Options and Issues  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Options and Issues Options and Issues Mark Paster DOE August, 2006 Scope * From the end point of central or distributed production (300 psi H2) to and including the dispenser at a refueling station or stationary power site - GH2 Pipelines and Trucks, LH2 Trucks, Carriers <$1.00/kg of Hydrogen by 2017 Hydrogen Delivery H2 Delivery Current Status * Technology - GH2 Tube Trailers: ~340 kg, ~2600 psi - LH2 Trucks: ~3900 kg - Pipelines: up to 1500 psi (~630 miles in the U.S.) - Refueling Site Operations (compression, storage dispensing): Demonstration projects * Cost (Does NOT include refueling Site Operations) - Trucks: $4-$12/kg - Pipeline: <$2/kg H2A Analysis * Consistent, comparable, transparent approach to hydrogen production and delivery cost analysis * Excel spreadsheet tools with common economic

134

Depleted uranium disposal options evaluation  

SciTech Connect

The Department of Energy (DOE), Office of Environmental Restoration and Waste Management, has chartered a study to evaluate alternative management strategies for depleted uranium (DU) currently stored throughout the DOE complex. Historically, DU has been maintained as a strategic resource because of uses for DU metal and potential uses for further enrichment or for uranium oxide as breeder reactor blanket fuel. This study has focused on evaluating the disposal options for DU if it were considered a waste. This report is in no way declaring these DU reserves a ``waste,`` but is intended to provide baseline data for comparison with other management options for use of DU. To PICS considered in this report include: Retrievable disposal; permanent disposal; health hazards; radiation toxicity and chemical toxicity.

Hertzler, T.J.; Nishimoto, D.D.; Otis, M.D. [Science Applications International Corp., Idaho Falls, ID (United States). Waste Management Technology Div.

1994-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

135

Solar Schools Assessment and Implementation Project: Financing Options on Solar Installations on K-12 Schools  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

This report focuses on financial options developed specifically for renewable energy and energy efficiency projects in three California public school districts.

136

SOME OPTIONS FOR THE EAST CHINA SEA  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Abstract: 1 This paper analyzes the critical analytical and policy issues relating to the management of seabed hydrocarbon exploitation in transboundary and disputed areas. First, I examine various domestic and external factors that either promote or prevent the Sino-Japanese joint/cooperative development of seabed oil/gas deposits in the East China Sea. I will then define some principles and rules of cross-border petroleum exploitation and classify into five development models existing international agreements and treaties relating to seabed oil/gas exploitation in various disputed areas throughout the world. On the basis of the simplified spatial cost-benefit analysis of seabed oil/gas exploitation, different development models are suggested to fit in with the various zones of the East China Sea. Finally, I put forward several policy options for bilateral or multilateral cooperation on the exploration, exploitation, and transportation of the seabed oil/gas deposits in the East China Sea. 1.

Guo Rongxing

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

137

Archive Reference Buildings by Climate Zone: 3C San Francisco, California |  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

C San Francisco, C San Francisco, California Archive Reference Buildings by Climate Zone: 3C San Francisco, California Here you will find past versions of the reference buildings for new construction commercial buildings, organized by building type and location. A summary of building types and climate zones is available for reference. Current versions are also available. You can download ZIP files that contain the following: An EnergyPlus software input file (.idf) An html file showing the results from the EnergyPlus simulation (.html) A spreadsheet that summarizes the inputs and results for each location (.xls) The EnergyPlus TMY2 weather file (.epw). benchmark-v1.0_3.0-3c_ca_san_francisco.zip benchmark-v1.1_3.1-3c_usa_ca_san_francisco.zip benchmark-new-v1.2_4.0-3c_usa_ca_san_francisco.zip

138

Table 8.3c Useful Thermal Output at Combined-Heat-and-Power ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Table 8.3c Useful Thermal Output at Combined-Heat-and-Power Plants: Commercial and Industrial Sectors, 1989-2011 (Subset of Table 8.3a; Trillion ...

139

Spare parts list for B83-0, Type 3C, Issue G  

SciTech Connect

This report is a table listing spare parts for the B83-0 type 3C. An explanation for information in each column is given. This issue supersedes Issue F, dated March 22, 1985.

1987-02-25T23:59:59.000Z

140

Exotic options under Lévy models: An overview  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this paper, we overview the pricing of several so-called exotic options in the nowadays quite popular exponential Levy models. Keywords: Exotic options, Financial derivatives, Lčvy processes

Wim Schoutens

2006-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "development options 3c" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


141

The new option view of investment  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This paper provides a simple introduction to the new option view of investment. We explain the shortcomings of the orthodox theory, and then outline the basic ideas behind the option framework. Several industry examples ...

Dixit, Avinash K.

1995-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

142

Baldrige, Six Sigma, & ISO:? Understanding Your Options  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Baldrige, Six Sigma, & ISO: Understanding Your Options. CEO Issue Sheet. How do you choose among the performance ...

2012-09-24T23:59:59.000Z

143

Data:A21c7076-3323-4e26-a3c4-93dfdc054aa9 | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

c7076-3323-4e26-a3c4-93dfdc054aa9 c7076-3323-4e26-a3c4-93dfdc054aa9 No revision has been approved for this page. It is currently under review by our subject matter experts. Jump to: navigation, search Loading... 1. Basic Information 2. Demand 3. Energy << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> Basic Information Utility name: City of Bangor, Wisconsin (Utility Company) Effective date: 2010/05/19 End date if known: Rate name: Gs-2 General Service-Optional Time-of-Day Three Phase(8am-8pm)with Parallel Generation(20kW or less) Sector: Commercial Description: Application: This rate schedule is optional to all Gs-1, General Service customers. Customers that wish to be served on this rate schedule must apply to the utility for service. Once an optional customer begins service on this rate schedule, the customer shall remain on the rate for a minimum of one year. Any customer choosing to be served on this rate schedule waives all rights to billing adjustments arising from a claim that the bill for service would be less on another rate schedule than under this rate schedule. Pricing Periods: On-peak: The three on-peak periods available are: 7:00 a.m. to 7:00 p.m. 8:00 a.m. to 8:00 p.m. 9:00 a.m. to 9:00 p.m. Monday through Friday, excluding holidays, specified below. Off-peak: All times not specified as on-peak including all day Saturday and Sunday, and the following holidays: New Year's Day, Memorial Day, Independence Day, Labor Day, Thanksgiving Day, and Christmas Day, or the day designated to be celebrated as such.

144

PRISM 2.0: Regional Energy and Economic Model Development and Initial Application: Phase 2: Electric Sector CO2 Reduction Options to 2050: Dimensions of Technology, Energy Costs, and Environmental Scenarios  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

EPRI conducted an analysis of electric sector CO2 reduction options to 2050 across a range of scenarios covering dimensions of technology costs and availability, energy costs, and CO2 constraints.  Using its U.S. Regional Economy, Greenhouse Gas, and Energy (US-REGEN) model, EPRI calculated the impact of changes in generation portfolio, generation capacity, expenditures, and electricity prices on power sector costs. This analysis estimates different levels of ...

2013-11-06T23:59:59.000Z

145

Energy Conservation Options in Distillation Processes  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This paper summarizes the results of a survey of energy conservation options applicable to distillation processes. Over twenty such options were identified, and eight of these were selected for detailed presentation. These options were chosen on the basis of good economics, applicability to retrofit situations, and/or the use of novel technology.

Harris, G. E.; Hearn, W. R.; Blythe, G. M.; Stuart, J. M.

1980-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

146

Data:3c461b87-cdf8-4a2c-afbe-0021e556ef3c | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

c461b87-cdf8-4a2c-afbe-0021e556ef3c c461b87-cdf8-4a2c-afbe-0021e556ef3c No revision has been approved for this page. It is currently under review by our subject matter experts. Jump to: navigation, search Loading... 1. Basic Information 2. Demand 3. Energy << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> Basic Information Utility name: City of Schuyler, Nebraska (Utility Company) Effective date: 2013/01/01 End date if known: Rate name: Irrigation Service- No Control (Less than 10 Hp) Sector: Commercial Description: The irrigation season is generally seven months, between March 15 and October 14. The Department of Utilities may disconnect the transformers between October 15 and March 14 to reduce power loss. At locations where the Department has provided facilities for irrigation service, the Customer may use the

147

Data:1189a3c9-6707-4a3c-88f1-d325851b41eb | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

c9-6707-4a3c-88f1-d325851b41eb c9-6707-4a3c-88f1-d325851b41eb No revision has been approved for this page. It is currently under review by our subject matter experts. Jump to: navigation, search Loading... 1. Basic Information 2. Demand 3. Energy << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> Basic Information Utility name: Village of Bethel, Ohio (Utility Company) Effective date: 2012/02/01 End date if known: Rate name: Commercial- Three Phase Sector: Commercial Description: Source or reference: Binder #5B (Illinois State University) Source Parent: Comments Applicability Demand (kW) Minimum (kW): Maximum (kW): History (months): Energy (kWh) Minimum (kWh): Maximum (kWh): History (months): Service Voltage Minimum (V): Maximum (V): Character of Service Voltage Category: Phase Wiring: << Previous 1 2 3 Next >>

148

RCS program evaluation plan options  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The Residential Conservation Service (RCS) Program evaluation plan is designed to provide an ongoing evaluation during the RCS Program's active period as well as a measurement of the RCS Program's cumulative effect after the program's termination. The study options described include utility case studies, random survey sampling, directed survey sampling, and remote data collection. Survey techniques are described and appropriate questions are suggested. Several sample selection criteria are included as background for a DOE policy decision on this issue. Present and anticipated data sources are listed and discussed. Statistical data analysis plans include a preliminary determination of required sample sizes.

Stovall, T.K.; Bayne, C.K.

1980-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

149

Procurement Options for New Renewable Electricity Supply  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

State renewable portfolio standard (RPS) policies require utilities and load-serving entities (LSEs) to procure renewable energy generation. Utility procurement options may be a function of state policy and regulatory preferences, and in some cases, may be dictated by legislative authority. Utilities and LSEs commonly use competitive solicitations or bilateral contracting to procure renewable energy supply to meet RPS mandates. However, policymakers and regulators in several states are beginning to explore the use of alternatives, namely feed-in tariffs (FITs) and auctions to procure renewable energy supply. This report evaluates four procurement strategies (competitive solicitations, bilateral contracting, FITs, and auctions) against four main criteria: (1) pricing; (2) complexity and efficiency of the procurement process; (3) impacts on developers access to markets; and (4) ability to complement utility decision-making processes. These criteria were chosen because they take into account the perspective of each group of stakeholders: ratepayers, regulators, utilities, investors, and developers.

Kreycik, C. E.; Couture, T. D.; Cory, K. S.

2011-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

150

Policy options for stabilizing global climate  

SciTech Connect

The structure of this paper is designed to answer the following questions in turn: What is the greenhouse effect What evidence i there that the greenhouse effect is increasing How will the Earth's climate respond to changes in greenhouse gas concentrations What activities are responsible for the greenhouse gas emissions How might emissions and climate change in the future What technologies are available for limiting greenhouse gas emissions And what domestic and international policy options, if implemented, would help to stabilize global climate This chapter provides a general introduction to the climate change issue and reviews selected previous studies. Chapter II discusses the greenhouse gases, their sources and sinks, chemical properties, current atmospheric concentrations and distributions, and related uncertainties. Chapter III relates the greenhouse gases to the process of climatic change. Once this link is made, Chapter IV examines those human activities that affect trace-gas emissions and ultimately influence climate change. Chapter V discusses the scenarios developed for this report to assist us in thinking about possible future emissions and climate change. Chapter VI then presents sensitivity analyses of the modeling results. Chapter VII gives a detailed description of existing and emerging technologies that should be considered in the formation of a comprehensive strategy for mitigating global warming. Chapter VIII outlines domestic policy options, and the concluding chapter (Chapter IX) discusses international mechanisms for responding to climate change.

Lashof, D.A.; Tirpak, D.A.

1990-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

151

Economic considerations of commercial tokamak options  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Systems studies have been performed to assess commercial tokamak options. Superconducting, as well as normal, magnet coils in either first or second stability regimes have been considered. A spherical torus (ST), as well as an elongated tokamak (ET), is included in the study. The cost of electricity (COE) is selected as the figure of merit, and beta and first-wall neutron wall loads are selected to represent the physics and technology characteristics of various options. The results indicate that an economical optimum for tokamaks is predicted to require a beta of around 10%, as predicted to be achieved in the second stability regime, and a wall load of about 5 MW/m/sup 2/, which is assumed to be optimum technologically. This tokamak is expected to be competitive with fission plants if efficient, noninductive current drive is developed. However, if this regime cannot be attained, all other tokamaks operating in the first stability regime, including spherical torus and elongated tokamak and assuming a limiting wall load of 5 MW/m/sup 2/, will compete with one another with a COE of about 50 mill/kWh. This 40% higher than the COE for the optimum reactor in the second stability regime with fast-wave current drive. The above conclusions pertain to a 1200-MW(e) net electric power plant. A comparison was also made between ST, ET, and superconducting magnets in the second stability regime with fast-wave current drive at 600 MW(e).

Dabiri, A.E.

1986-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

152

Topical Area: MFE Title: Burning Plasma Experimental Options______________________________ Description The options for a Next Step Burning Plasma Experiment are defined by the overall strategic  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Page 1 Topical Area: MFE Title: Burning Plasma Experimental Options______________________________ · Description The options for a Next Step Burning Plasma Experiment are defined by the overall strategic of developing and integrating burning plasma physics, long pulse physics and technology, and fusion technologies

153

Tuning Band Gap Energies in Pb3(C6X6) Extended Solid-State Structures  

SciTech Connect

A detailed plane-wave density functional theory investigation of the solid-state properties of the extended organometallic system Pb{sub 3}C{sub 6}X{sub 6} for X = O, S, Se, and Te has been performed. Initial geometry parameters for the Pb-X and C-X bond distances were obtained from optimized calculations on molecular fragment models. The Pb{sub 3}C{sub 6}X{sub 6} extended solid molecular structures were constructed in the space group P6/mmm on the basis of the known structure for X = S. Ground-state geometries, band gap energies, densities of states, and charge densities were calculated with the PBE-generalized gradient exchange-correlation functional and the HSE06 hybrid exchange-correlation functional. The PBE band gap energies were found to be lower than the HSE06 values by >0.7 eV. The band energies at points of high symmetry along the first Brillouin zone in the crystal were larger than the overall band gap of the system. Pb{sub 3}C{sub 6}O{sub 6} was predicted to be a direct semiconductor ({Lambda} point) with a PBE band gap of 0.28 eV and an HSE06 band gap of 1.06 eV. Pb{sub 3}C{sub 6}S{sub 6} and Pb{sub 3}C{sub 6}Se{sub 6} were predicted to have indirect band gaps. The PBE band gap for Pb{sub 3}C{sub 6}S{sub 6} was 0.98 eV, and the HSE06 band gap was 1.91 eV. The HSE06 value is in good agreement with the experimentally observed band gap of 1.7 eV. Pb{sub 3}C{sub 6}Se{sub 6} has a PBE band gap of 0.56 eV and a HSE06 band gap of 1.41 eV. Pb{sub 3}C{sub 6}Te{sub 6} was predicted to be metallic with both of the PBE and HSE06 functionals. A detailed analysis of the PBE band structure and partial density of states at two points before and after the metallic behavior reveals a change in orbital character indicative of band crossing in Pb{sub 3}C{sub 6}Te{sub 6}. These results show that the band gap energies can be fine-tuned by changing the substituent X atom.

Stott, Amanda C.; Vaid, Thomas P.; Bylaska, Eric J.; Dixon, David A.

2012-04-19T23:59:59.000Z

154

Systems Analysis of an Advanced Nuclear Fuel Cycle Based on a Modified UREX+3c Process  

SciTech Connect

The research described in this report was performed under a grant from the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) to describe and compare the merits of two advanced alternative nuclear fuel cycles -- named by this study as the “UREX+3c fuel cycle” and the “Alternative Fuel Cycle” (AFC). Both fuel cycles were assumed to support 100 1,000 MWe light water reactor (LWR) nuclear power plants operating over the period 2020 through 2100, and the fast reactors (FRs) necessary to burn the plutonium and minor actinides generated by the LWRs. Reprocessing in both fuel cycles is assumed to be based on the UREX+3c process reported in earlier work by the DOE. Conceptually, the UREX+3c process provides nearly complete separation of the various components of spent nuclear fuel in order to enable recycle of reusable nuclear materials, and the storage, conversion, transmutation and/or disposal of other recovered components. Output of the process contains substantially all of the plutonium, which is recovered as a 5:1 uranium/plutonium mixture, in order to discourage plutonium diversion. Mixed oxide (MOX) fuel for recycle in LWRs is made using this 5:1 U/Pu mixture plus appropriate makeup uranium. A second process output contains all of the recovered uranium except the uranium in the 5:1 U/Pu mixture. The several other process outputs are various waste streams, including a stream of minor actinides that are stored until they are consumed in future FRs. For this study, the UREX+3c fuel cycle is assumed to recycle only the 5:1 U/Pu mixture to be used in LWR MOX fuel and to use depleted uranium (tails) for the makeup uranium. This fuel cycle is assumed not to use the recovered uranium output stream but to discard it instead. On the other hand, the AFC is assumed to recycle both the 5:1 U/Pu mixture and all of the recovered uranium. In this case, the recovered uranium is reenriched with the level of enrichment being determined by the amount of recovered plutonium and the combined amount of the resulting MOX. The study considered two sub-cases within each of the two fuel cycles in which the uranium and plutonium from the first generation of MOX spent fuel (i) would not be recycled to produce a second generation of MOX for use in LWRs or (ii) would be recycled to produce a second generation of MOX fuel for use in LWRs. The study also investigated the effects of recycling MOX spent fuel multiple times in LWRs. The study assumed that both fuel cycles would store and then reprocess spent MOX fuel that is not recycled to produce a next generation of LWR MOX fuel and would use the recovered products to produce FR fuel. The study further assumed that FRs would begin to be brought on-line in 2043, eleven years after recycle begins in LWRs, when products from 5-year cooled spent MOX fuel would be available. Fuel for the FRs would be made using the uranium, plutonium, and minor actinides recovered from MOX. For the cases where LWR fuel was assumed to be recycled one time, the 1st generation of MOX spent fuel was used to provide nuclear materials for production of FR fuel. For the cases where the LWR fuel was assumed to be recycled two times, the 2nd generation of MOX spent fuel was used to provide nuclear materials for production of FR fuel. The number of FRs in operation was assumed to increase in successive years until the rate that actinides were recovered from permanently discharged spent MOX fuel equaled the rate the actinides were consumed by the operating fleet of FRs. To compare the two fuel cycles, the study analyzed recycle of nuclear fuel in LWRs and FRs and determined the radiological characteristics of irradiated nuclear fuel, nuclear waste products, and recycle nuclear fuels. It also developed a model to simulate the flows of nuclear materials that could occur in the two advanced nuclear fuel cycles over 81 years beginning in 2020 and ending in 2100. Simulations projected the flows of uranium, plutonium, and minor actinides as these nuclear fuel materials were produced and consumed in a fleet of 100 1,000 MWe LWRs and in FRs. The model als

E. R. Johnson; R. E. Best

2009-12-28T23:59:59.000Z

155

Forecasting future volatility from option prices, Working  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Weisbach are gratefully acknowledged. I bear full responsibility for all remaining errors. Forecasting Future Volatility from Option Prices Evidence exists that option prices produce biased forecasts of future volatility across a wide variety of options markets. This paper presents two main results. First, approximately half of the forecasting bias in the S&P 500 index (SPX) options market is eliminated by constructing measures of realized volatility from five minute observations on SPX futures rather than from daily closing SPX levels. Second, much of the remaining forecasting bias is eliminated by employing an option pricing model that permits a non-zero market price of volatility risk. It is widely believed that option prices provide the best forecasts of the future volatility of the assets which underlie them. One reason for this belief is that option prices have the ability to impound all publicly available information – including all information contained in the history of past prices – about the future volatility of the underlying assets. A second related reason is that option pricing theory maintains that if an option prices fails to embody optimal forecasts of the future volatility of the underlying asset, a profitable trading strategy should be available whose implementation would push the option price to the level that reflects the best possible forecast of future volatility.

Allen M. Poteshman

2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

156

Nitrogen Oxides Emission Control Options  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Nitrogen Nitrogen Oxides Emission Control Options for Coal-Fired Electric Utility Boilers Ravi K. Srivastava and Robert E. Hall U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, National Risk Management Research Laboratory, Air Pollution Prevention and Control Division, Research Triangle Park, NC Sikander Khan and Kevin Culligan U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Office of Air and Radiation, Clean Air Markets Division, Washington, DC Bruce W. Lani U.S. Department of Energy, National Energy Technology Laboratory, Environmental Projects Division, Pittsburgh, PA ABSTRACT Recent regulations have required reductions in emissions of nitrogen oxides (NO x ) from electric utility boilers. To comply with these regulatory requirements, it is increas- ingly important to implement state-of-the-art NO x con- trol technologies on coal-fired utility boilers. This paper reviews NO x control

157

Hydrogen Production Infrastructure Options Analysis  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Production Production Infrastructure Options Analysis January 26, 2006 Brian D. James Julie Perez Peter Schmidt (703) 243 - 3383 Brian_James@DirectedTechnologies.com Directed Technologies, Inc. Page 1 of 39 26 January 2006 2006-1-26 DOE Transition Workshop Agenda 1. Project Description and Objective 2. Team Members 3. Approach 4. Model Theory, Structure and Assumptions 5. Model Description 1. Logic 2. Features 3. Cost Components (Production, Delivery & Dispensing) 6. Los Angeles Transitional Example 7. Model Flexibility Page 2 of 39 26 January 2006 2006-1-26 DOE Transition Workshop Team Members & Interactions Start: May 2005 (effective) End: Summer 2007 * Directed Technologies, Inc.- Prime * Sentech, Inc., Research Partner * Air Products, Industrial Gas Supplier * Advisory Board * Graham Moore, Chevron Technology Ventures

158

The Faint X-ray Source Population Near the 3C 295 cluster  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We present a statistical analysis of the Chandra observation of the source field around the 3C 295 galaxy cluster (z=0.46). Three different methods of analysis, namely a chip by chip logN-logS, a two dimentional Kolmogorov-Smirnov (KS) test, and the angular correlation function (ACF) show a strong overdensity of sources in the North-East of the field, that may indicate a filament of the large scale structure of the Universe toward 3C 295.

V. D'Elia; F. Fiore; M. Elvis; M. Cappi; S. Mathur; P. Mazzotta; E. Falco; F. Cocchia

2004-06-03T23:59:59.000Z

159

Fe/Al2O3 C2H4 Hata mm/10 min  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Fe/Al2O3 C2H4 () () () () () () () * () 1. (SWNT) SWNT (CVD) (CNT)[1] Hata mm/10 min SWNT (Super Growth)[2]Al2O3 Fe C2H4 SWNT Fe/Al2O3 C2H4 CVD SWNT CNT CNT 2 SiO2 Al2O3 20 (RBM) 1350 cm-1 (D-Band)Fe G/D RBM Fe SWNT Al 15 nm Fe 0.6 nm CVD TEM Fig. 3 3 nm SWNT

Maruyama, Shigeo

160

Excess plutonium disposition: The deep borehole option  

SciTech Connect

This report reviews the current status of technologies required for the disposition of plutonium in Very Deep Holes (VDH). It is in response to a recent National Academy of Sciences (NAS) report which addressed the management of excess weapons plutonium and recommended three approaches to the ultimate disposition of excess plutonium: (1) fabrication and use as a fuel in existing or modified reactors in a once-through cycle, (2) vitrification with high-level radioactive waste for repository disposition, (3) burial in deep boreholes. As indicated in the NAS report, substantial effort would be required to address the broad range of issues related to deep bore-hole emplacement. Subjects reviewed in this report include geology and hydrology, design and engineering, safety and licensing, policy decisions that can impact the viability of the concept, and applicable international programs. Key technical areas that would require attention should decisions be made to further develop the borehole emplacement option are identified.

Ferguson, K.L.

1994-08-09T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "development options 3c" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


161

Data:17072fe2-a458-461f-9ea3-da0ba3c404ea | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

fe2-a458-461f-9ea3-da0ba3c404ea fe2-a458-461f-9ea3-da0ba3c404ea No revision has been approved for this page. It is currently under review by our subject matter experts. Jump to: navigation, search Loading... 1. Basic Information 2. Demand 3. Energy << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> Basic Information Utility name: City of Black River Falls, Wisconsin (Utility Company) Effective date: 2010/04/15 End date if known: Rate name: General Service Optional Time-of-Day Single Phase 8am-8pm Sector: Commercial Description: Power Cost Adjustment Clause All metered rates shall be subject to a positive or negative power cost adjustment charge equivalent to the amount by which the current cost of power (per kilowatt-hour of sales) is greater or lesser than the base cost of power purchased (per kilowatt-hour of sales). The current cost per kilowatt-hour of energy billed is equal to the cost of power purchased for the most recent month, divided by the kilowatt-hours of energy sold. The monthly adjustment (rounded to the nearest one one-hundredth of a cent) is equal to the current cost less the base cost. The base cost of power (U) is $0.0790 per kilowatt-hour. Application: This rate schedule is optional to all Gs-1, General Service customers. Customers that wish to be served on this rate schedule must apply to the utility for service. Once an optional customer begins service on this rate schedule, the customer shall remain on the rate for a minimum of one year. Any customer choosing to be served on this rate schedule waives all rights to billing adjustments arising from a claim that the bill for service would be less on another rate schedule than under this rate schedule. Commitment to Community rider: General Service Optional TOD 3.0% of the total electric bill not to exceed $1.66

162

Data:3c67a7c1-9c44-435c-9c3c-70daeb652095 | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

7a7c1-9c44-435c-9c3c-70daeb652095 7a7c1-9c44-435c-9c3c-70daeb652095 No revision has been approved for this page. It is currently under review by our subject matter experts. Jump to: navigation, search Loading... 1. Basic Information 2. Demand 3. Energy << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> Basic Information Utility name: City of Cumberland, Wisconsin (Utility Company) Effective date: 2006/03/15 End date if known: Rate name: Cp-2 Large Power Service above 200kW Demand transformer Ownership Discount with Parallel Generation(20 kW or less)-Net Energy Billing Sector: Industrial Description: Power Cost Adjustment Clause - All metered rates shall be subject to a positive or negative power cost adjustment charge equivalent to the amount by which the current cost of power (per kilowatt-hour of sales) is greater or lesser than the base cost of power purchased (per kilowatt-hour of sales). The base cost of power (U) is $0.0294per kilowatt-hour.

163

Real options valuation in energy markets .  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Real options have been widely applied to analyze investment planning and asset valuation under uncertainty in many industries, especially energy markets. Because of their close… (more)

Zhou, Jieyun

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

164

Microsoft Word - Accommodates All Generation Storage Options...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

13 v 3.0 Accommodates All Generation and Storage Options 3 EXECUTIVE SUMMARY The smart grid is defined by its seven principal characteristics. One of those characteristics...

165

A 3D-3C Reflection Seismic Survey and Data Integration to Identify the  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

D-3C Reflection Seismic Survey and Data Integration to Identify the D-3C Reflection Seismic Survey and Data Integration to Identify the Seismic Response of Fractures and Permeable Zones Over a Known Geothermal Resource at Soda Lake, Churchill Co., NV Geothermal Project Jump to: navigation, search Last modified on July 22, 2011. Project Title A 3D-3C Reflection Seismic Survey and Data Integration to Identify the Seismic Response of Fractures and Permeable Zones Over a Known Geothermal Resource at Soda Lake, Churchill Co., NV Project Type / Topic 1 Recovery Act: Geothermal Technologies Program Project Type / Topic 2 Validation of Innovative Exploration Technologies Project Description The Soda Lake geothermal field is an ideal setting to test the applicability of the 3D-3C reflection seismic method because: it is a producing field with a great deal of geologic and drilling data already available; it is in an alluvial valley where the subsurface structures that carry the geothermal fluids have no surface manifestations; and, there are downhole geophysical logs of fractures and permeable zones that can be used to ground-truth the new data.

166

Financial options for neighborhood energy efficiency  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

One of the major problems facing the residents of Kansas City is the increasing cost of heating their homes. Approximately 95% of Kansas Citians heat their homes with natural gas. With the price of natural gas doubling every two to three years, it has become increasingly important to decrease consumption while increasing efficiency. Compounding this situation for low and moderate income residents is the shrinking availability of public funds for weatherization. If any progress is going to be made on this problem, alternative funding mechanisms will have to be developed. A potential solution to the problem is through development of the Kansas City Home Energy Assistance and Training Program (HEAT). This program addresses the problem on three levels: (1) using neighborhood groups and organizations as a catalyst to reach individual households through community development strategies; (2) providing education and training resources to assist neighborhood groups in the implementation of identified strategies; and (3) developing financial resources and delivery systems to provide financial options for energy efficiency.

Dreyfuss, P.; Miranti, K.E.; Peterson, J.E.; Payton, J.; Shechter, G.

1983-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

167

Economics of Alaska North Slope gas utilization options  

SciTech Connect

The recoverable natural gas available for sale in the developed and known undeveloped fields on the Alaskan North Slope (ANS) total about 26 trillion cubic feet (TCF), including 22 TCF in the Prudhoe Bay Unit (PBU) and 3 TCF in the undeveloped Point Thomson Unit (PTU). No significant commercial use has been made of this large natural gas resource because there are no facilities in place to transport this gas to current markets. To date the economics have not been favorable to support development of a gas transportation system. However, with the declining trend in ANS oil production, interest in development of this huge gas resource is rising, making it important for the U.S. Department of Energy, industry, and the State of Alaska to evaluate and assess the options for development of this vast gas resource. The purpose of this study was to assess whether gas-to-liquids (GTL) conversion technology would be an economic alternative for the development and sale of the large, remote, and currently unmarketable ANS natural gas resource, and to compare the long term economic impact of a GTL conversion option to that of the more frequently discussed natural gas pipeline/liquefied natural gas (LNG) option. The major components of the study are: an assessment of the ANS oil and gas resources; an analysis of conversion and transportation options; a review of natural gas, LNG, and selected oil product markets; and an economic analysis of the LNG and GTL gas sales options based on publicly available input needed for assumptions of the economic variables. Uncertainties in assumptions are evaluated by determining the sensitivity of project economics to changes in baseline economic variables.

Thomas, C.P.; Doughty, T.C.; Hackworth, J.H.; North, W.B.; Robertson, E.P.

1996-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

168

Data:Ea2aa5fa-a903-4455-b3d6-e3c9772384ef | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

a903-4455-b3d6-e3c9772384ef a903-4455-b3d6-e3c9772384ef No revision has been approved for this page. It is currently under review by our subject matter experts. Jump to: navigation, search Loading... 1. Basic Information 2. Demand 3. Energy << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> Basic Information Utility name: City of Barron, Wisconsin (Utility Company) Effective date: 2009/07/15 End date if known: Rate name: Cp-1 Small Power Service Sector: Commercial Description: Application: This rate will be applied to customers for all types of service if their monthly Maximum Measured Demand is in excess of 40 kilowatts (kW) per month for three or more months in a consecutive 12-month period, unless the customer exceeds the application conditions of the Cp-2 schedule. Customers billed on this rate shall continue to be billed on this rate until their monthly Maximum Measured Demand is less than 40 kW per month for 12 consecutive months. The utility shall offer customers billed on this rate a one time option to continue to be billed on this rate for another 12 months if their monthly Maximum Measured Demand is less than 40 kW per month. However, this option shall be offered with the provision that the customer waives all rights to billing adjustments arising from a claim that the bill for service would be less on another rate schedule than under this rate schedule Fixed Monthly Charge includes Commitment to Community Rider: $7.00 per customer per month

169

Data:A0629413-ea2e-40a3-b749-353a5cbc3c96 | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

13-ea2e-40a3-b749-353a5cbc3c96 13-ea2e-40a3-b749-353a5cbc3c96 No revision has been approved for this page. It is currently under review by our subject matter experts. Jump to: navigation, search Loading... 1. Basic Information 2. Demand 3. Energy << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> Basic Information Utility name: Village of Benton, Wisconsin (Utility Company) Effective date: 2007/08/17 End date if known: Rate name: Cp-2 Voluntary Large Power Time-of-Day Primary Metering Discount with Parallel Generation(20kW or less) Sector: Industrial Description: Availability: This rate is available on a voluntary basis to customers for all types of service, if their monthly Maximum Measured Demand is in excess of 200 kilowatts (kW) per month for three or more months in a consecutive 12-month period. Customers billed on this rate shall continue to be billed on this rate until their monthly Maximum Measured Demand is less than 200 kW per month for 12 consecutive months. The utility shall offer customers billed on this rate a one-time option to continue to be billed on this rate for another 12 months if their monthly Maximum Measured Demand is less than 200 kW per month. However, this option shall be offered with the provision that the customer waives all rights to billing adjustments arising from a claim that the bill for service would be less on another rate schedule than under this rate schedule.

170

GRR/Elements/14-CA-c.6 - Comment on Application (Optional) | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Comment on Application (Optional) Comment on Application (Optional) < GRR‎ | Elements Jump to: navigation, search GRR-logo.png GEOTHERMAL REGULATORY ROADMAP Roadmap Home Roadmap Help List of Sections 14-CA-c.6 - Comment on Application (Optional) The DOGGR Regional Board receives the option to comment on the application prior to the issuance of a Draft Project Approval Letter for review. The DOGGR Regional Board shall furnish any comments to the DOGGR State Board within 14 days of the applicant submitting the application. Logic Chain No Parents \V/ GRR/Elements/14-CA-c.6 - Comment on Application (Optional) (this page) \V/ No Dependents Under Development Add.png Add an Element Retrieved from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=GRR/Elements/14-CA-c.6_-_Comment_on_Application_(Optional)&oldid=539608

171

Data:D52ff3c9-4444-47bf-bbcb-57069bf136e4 | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

ff3c9-4444-47bf-bbcb-57069bf136e4 ff3c9-4444-47bf-bbcb-57069bf136e4 No revision has been approved for this page. It is currently under review by our subject matter experts. Jump to: navigation, search Loading... 1. Basic Information 2. Demand 3. Energy << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> Basic Information Utility name: Hustisford Utilities Effective date: 2009/09/30 End date if known: Rate name: Gs-2 General Service Single Phase Optional Time-of-Day 9am-9pm with Parallel Generation(20kW or less) Sector: Commercial Description: Power Cost Adjustment Clause - All metered rates shall be subject to a positive or negative power cost adjustment charge equivalent to the amount by which the current cost of power (per kilowatt-hour of sales) is greater or lesser than the base cost of power purchased (per kilowatt-hour of sales). The base cost of power (U) is $0.0720 per kilowatt-hour.

172

Data:3fe85db3-c5a5-4693-9539-42bc6ccacda7 | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

5db3-c5a5-4693-9539-42bc6ccacda7 5db3-c5a5-4693-9539-42bc6ccacda7 No revision has been approved for this page. It is currently under review by our subject matter experts. Jump to: navigation, search Loading... 1. Basic Information 2. Demand 3. Energy << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> Basic Information Utility name: Village of Mt Horeb, Wisconsin (Utility Company) Effective date: 2009/04/01 End date if known: Rate name: Cp-1 TOD Small Power Optional Time-of-Day Service Primary Metering Discount with Parallel Generation(20kW or less) Sector: Industrial Description: Power Cost Adjustment Clause - All metered rates shall be subject to a positive or negative power cost adjustment charge equivalent to the amount by which the current cost of power (per kilowatt-hour of sales) is greater or lesser than the base cost of power purchased (per kilowatt-hour of sales). The base cost of power (U) is $0.0753 per kilowatt-hour.

173

Data:A3709c35-62e7-4aac-a19e-380fdb9ba3c6 | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

09c35-62e7-4aac-a19e-380fdb9ba3c6 09c35-62e7-4aac-a19e-380fdb9ba3c6 No revision has been approved for this page. It is currently under review by our subject matter experts. Jump to: navigation, search Loading... 1. Basic Information 2. Demand 3. Energy << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> Basic Information Utility name: Northern States Power Co - Minnesota Effective date: 2011/02/01 End date if known: Rate name: STANDBY SERVICE RIDER-3 OPTIONS Sector: Description: Available to any non-residential customer who has an alternative source of electric energy supply which normally serves all or a portion of the customer's electrical load requirements and who desires use of the Company's electric service for temporary backup or maintenance power. Under this service the Company will provide a permanent service connection to supply the customer's contracted load in accordance with the provisions in the General Rules and Regulations, Section 2.4. PLEASE SEE REFERENCE FOR DETAILS.

174

Data:49e1199f-54d4-4e5d-8ae3-c22ee3303f2e | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

e1199f-54d4-4e5d-8ae3-c22ee3303f2e e1199f-54d4-4e5d-8ae3-c22ee3303f2e No revision has been approved for this page. It is currently under review by our subject matter experts. Jump to: navigation, search Loading... 1. Basic Information 2. Demand 3. Energy << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> Basic Information Utility name: Oconto Falls Water & Light Comm Effective date: 2008/01/01 End date if known: Rate name: RER-2 Industrial Renewable Energy Rider Sector: Industrial Description: Service under this rider is available to all customers currently served under rate Schedules Cp-1, Cp-2, Cp-3, and Cp-4. This rider allows customers the option of purchasing blocks of their energy from renewable sources. The Block Charge for this service is $2.00 per 300kWh of renewable energy per month. Renewable energy will be sold only in blocks of 300kWh with a minimum of 100 blocks per month.

175

Data:1109b305-0872-4c90-b32a-3c2adf56625a | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

b305-0872-4c90-b32a-3c2adf56625a b305-0872-4c90-b32a-3c2adf56625a No revision has been approved for this page. It is currently under review by our subject matter experts. Jump to: navigation, search Loading... 1. Basic Information 2. Demand 3. Energy << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> Basic Information Utility name: C & L Electric Coop Corp Effective date: 2012/10/24 End date if known: Rate name: Controlled Agricultural Water Pumping (Optional) Sector: Commercial Description: Available to consumers who are receiving service or are eligible to receive service for Agricultural Water Pumping Rate Schedule #7. Incentive is equal to $.019 per kWh. Incentive will be applied either as a credit on the consumer's monthly bill or as a credit on the final bill of the season. Control period shall be up to a maximum of 2 1/2 hours per day between the hours of 2:30 pm and 8:30 pm during the months of June and September.

176

Data:76a48ca3-e92f-4ef2-b3c3-ab37c05c377a | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

a48ca3-e92f-4ef2-b3c3-ab37c05c377a a48ca3-e92f-4ef2-b3c3-ab37c05c377a No revision has been approved for this page. It is currently under review by our subject matter experts. Jump to: navigation, search Loading... 1. Basic Information 2. Demand 3. Energy << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> Basic Information Utility name: City of Eagle River, Wisconsin (Utility Company) Effective date: 2009/08/04 End date if known: Rate name: Gs-2 General Service Three Phase Optional Time-of-Day 9am-9pm with Parallel Generation(20kW or less)-Net Energy Billing Sector: Commercial Description: Power Cost Adjustment Clause - All metered rates shall be subject to a positive or negative power cost adjustment charge equivalent to the amount by which the current cost of power (per kilowatt-hour of sales) is greater or lesser than the base cost of power purchased (per kilowatt-hour of sales). The base

177

Data:Affd6a3c-8c78-4e02-9ca5-004a977edd05 | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Affd6a3c-8c78-4e02-9ca5-004a977edd05 Affd6a3c-8c78-4e02-9ca5-004a977edd05 No revision has been approved for this page. It is currently under review by our subject matter experts. Jump to: navigation, search Loading... 1. Basic Information 2. Demand 3. Energy << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> Basic Information Utility name: Florence Utility Comm Effective date: 2008/01/01 End date if known: Rate name: RER-1 Renewable Energy Rider Sector: Description: Service under this rate is available to all customers currently served under Rate Schedules Rg-1, Gs-1, Cp-1, Cp-2, Cp-4, Cp-5 and Ms-1. This rider allows customers the option of purchasing blocks of their energy from renewable sources. Block Charge for Renewable energy is $3.00 per 300kWh of renewable energy per month. . Fixed monthly costs will be the same to whichever rate schedule the rider is applied to.

178

Data:3275f978-aee6-4b9f-9ed4-e6bad3c86a1d | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

aee6-4b9f-9ed4-e6bad3c86a1d aee6-4b9f-9ed4-e6bad3c86a1d No revision has been approved for this page. It is currently under review by our subject matter experts. Jump to: navigation, search Loading... 1. Basic Information 2. Demand 3. Energy << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> Basic Information Utility name: Reedsburg Utility Comm Effective date: 2011/06/01 End date if known: Rate name: Cp-1 TOD Small Power Optional Time-of-Day Service Primary Metering and Transformer Ownership Discount Sector: Industrial Description: Power Cost Adjustment Clause - All metered rates shall be subject to a positive or negative power cost adjustment charge equivalent to the amount by which the current cost of power (per kilowatt-hour of sales) is greater or lesser than the base cost of power purchased (per kilowatt-hour of sales). The base cost of power (U) is $0.0785 per kilowatt-hour.

179

Data:Ec8513ea-9e11-42ef-8df8-f3c61b714a60 | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

ea-9e11-42ef-8df8-f3c61b714a60 ea-9e11-42ef-8df8-f3c61b714a60 No revision has been approved for this page. It is currently under review by our subject matter experts. Jump to: navigation, search Loading... 1. Basic Information 2. Demand 3. Energy << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> Basic Information Utility name: Prairie Land Electric Coop Inc Effective date: 2010/01/14 End date if known: Rate name: Monthly Unmetered Investment Facility(Flood Lights on Existing Pole 150W -Option E) Sector: Lighting Description: Customer-100% Cooperative-0% There is an additional $0.14 charge for the service on a new pole. Source or reference: http://www.prairielandelectric.com/Rates_PDF/MKEC%20Rates.pdf Source Parent: Comments Applicability Demand (kW) Minimum (kW): Maximum (kW): History (months): Energy (kWh)

180

Data:38e2b8e2-dd0f-478a-86f7-6342c3c56001 | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

-dd0f-478a-86f7-6342c3c56001 -dd0f-478a-86f7-6342c3c56001 No revision has been approved for this page. It is currently under review by our subject matter experts. Jump to: navigation, search Loading... 1. Basic Information 2. Demand 3. Energy << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> Basic Information Utility name: City of Richland Center, Wisconsin (Utility Company) Effective date: 2007/07/09 End date if known: Rate name: Cp-1 TOD Small Power Optional Time-of-Day Service Primary Metering Discount with Parallel Generation(20kW or less) Sector: Industrial Description: Power Cost Adjustment Clause - All metered rates shall be subject to a positive or negative power cost adjustment charge equivalent to the amount by which the current cost of power (per kilowatt-hour of sales) is greater or lesser than the base cost of power purchased (per kilowatt-hour of sales). The base cost of power (U) is $0.0582 per kilowatt-hour.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "development options 3c" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


181

Data:C29967b6-3c01-4b19-8738-1085059ca226 | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

3c01-4b19-8738-1085059ca226 3c01-4b19-8738-1085059ca226 No revision has been approved for this page. It is currently under review by our subject matter experts. Jump to: navigation, search Loading... 1. Basic Information 2. Demand 3. Energy << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> Basic Information Utility name: City of New Holstein, Wisconsin (Utility Company) Effective date: 2011/10/01 End date if known: Rate name: Gs-2 General Service Single Phase Optional Time-of-Day 8am-8pm Sector: Commercial Description: Power Cost Adjustment Clause - All metered rates shall be subject to a positive or negative power cost adjustment charge equivalent to the amount by which the current cost of power (per kilowatt-hour of sales) is greater or lesser than the base cost of power purchased (per kilowatt-hour of sales). The base cost of power (U) is $0.0860 per kilowatt-hour.

182

Pricing American Asian options with higher moments in the underlying distribution  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We develop a modified Edgeworth binomial model with higher moment consideration for pricing American Asian options. With lognormal underlying distribution for benchmark comparison, our algorithm is as precise as that of Chalasani et al. [P. Chalasani, ... Keywords: American Asian options, Edgeworth binomial model, Higher moment

Keng-Hsin Lo; Kehluh Wang; Ming-Feng Hsu

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

183

Electric retail market options: The customer perspective  

SciTech Connect

This report describes various options that are now available for retail electric customers, or that may become available during the next few years as the electric utility industry restructures. These options include different ways of meeting demand for energy services, different providers of service or points of contact with providers, and different pricing structures for purchased services. Purpose of this document is to examine these options from the customer`s perspective: how might being a retail electric customer in 5--10 years differ from now? Seizing opportunities to reduce cost of electric service is likely to entail working with different service providers; thus, transaction costs are involved. Some of the options considered are speculative. Some transitional options include relocation, customer-built/operated transmission lines, municipalization, self-generation, and long-term contracts with suppliers. All these may change or diminish in a restructured industry. Brokers seem likely to become more common unless restructuring takes the form of mandatory poolcos (wholesale). Some options appear robust, ie, they are likely to become more common regardless of how restructuring is accomplished: increased competition among energy carriers (gas vs electric), real-time pricing, etc. This report identified some of the qualitative differences among the various options. For customers using large amounts of electricity, different alternatives are likely to affect greatly service price, transaction costs, tailoring service to customer preferences, and risks for customer. For retail customers using small amounts of electricity, there may be little difference among the options except service price.

Hadley, S.W.; Hillsman, E.L.

1995-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

184

Designating required vs. optional input fields  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper describes a study comparing different techniques for visually distingishing required from optional input fields in a form-filling application. Seven techniques were studied: no indication, bold field labels, chevrons in front of the labels, ... Keywords: data input, optional fields, required fields, visual design

Thomas S. Tullis; Ana Pons

1997-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

185

Combining Financial Double Call Options with Real Options for Early Curtailment of Electricity Service  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Combining Financial Double Call Options with Real Options for Early Curtailment of Electricity@IEOR.Berkeley.edu Abstract In a competitive electricity market traditional demand side management options offering customers curtailable service at reduced rates are replaced by voluntary customer responses to electricity spot prices

186

Economic Evaluation of CO2 Storage and Sink Enhancement Options  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This project developed life-cycle costs for the major technologies and practices under development for carbon dioxide (CO2) storage and sink enhancement. The technologies evaluated included options for storing captured CO2 in active oil reservoirs, depleted oil and gas reservoirs, deep aquifers, coal beds, and oceans, as well as the enhancement of the carbon sequestration in forests and croplands. The capture costs for a nominal 500 MWe integrated gasification combined cycle plant from an earlier study w...

2002-12-06T23:59:59.000Z

187

Electricity Energy Storage Technology Options 2012 System Cost Benchmarking  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This report provides an update on the current capital and lifecycle costs estimates of electric energy storage options for a variety of grid and end-user applications. Data presented in this report update 2010 data provided in EPRI Technical Report 1020676. The goal of this research was to develop objective and consistent installed costs and operational and maintenance costs for a set of selected energy storage systems in the identified applications. Specific objectives included development of ...

2012-12-10T23:59:59.000Z

188

Data:C011dfa0-d707-4b4f-a612-3c5a2dfc3ee1 | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

dfa0-d707-4b4f-a612-3c5a2dfc3ee1 dfa0-d707-4b4f-a612-3c5a2dfc3ee1 No revision has been approved for this page. It is currently under review by our subject matter experts. Jump to: navigation, search Loading... 1. Basic Information 2. Demand 3. Energy << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> Basic Information Utility name: South Central Indiana REMC Effective date: 2010/09/01 End date if known: Rate name: General Power Service Single Phase(Schedule GP - SEA) Sector: Commercial Description: Availability Available as an optional rate to any consumer of the Corporation for single-phase and multiphase retail or commercial electric service at a single delivery point with a transformer capacity of 50 KVA or less. A consumer choosing this optional rate must remain on the rate for a minimum of six months. Consumers opting to change to a different rate schedule after the six month minimum period must wait a minimum of six months before returning to this optional rate.

189

Appendix C-3 C-3.1 Transportation Appendix C-3  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

a gasoline hybrid drivetrain as an option, but it is treated as an alternative fuel vehicle in a submodel-NEMS model sets a very high price for the hybrid vehicle. The computation of price, which varies by vehicle for more optimistic assumptions are material substitution, hybrid vehicles, and fuel cells. We also found

190

Microsoft Word - OPC Security WP 3 _Version 1-3c_.doc  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

intrinsically secure intrinsically secure po box 178 #5 - 7217 Lantzville rd lantzville, bc canada v0r 2h0 office 250.390.1333 fax 250.390.3899 www.byressecurity.com Digital Bond suite 130 1580 sawgrass corp pkwy sunrise, FL 33323 office 954.315.4633 www.digitalbond.com OPC Security Whitepaper #3 Hardening Guidelines for OPC Hosts PREPARED BY: Digital Bond British Columbia Institute of Technology Byres Research November 13, 2007 OPC Security WP 3 (Version 1-3c).doc OPC Security Whitepaper #3 Hardening Guidelines for OPC Hosts OPC Security WP 3 (Version 1-3c).doc ii November 2007 Revision History Revision Date Authors Details 0.7 May 15, 2006 E. Byres, M Franz, Draft internal review version 1.0 May 31, 2006 E. Byres, J. Carter, M Franz Draft for controlled public review

191

Nonlethal weapons as force options for the Army  

SciTech Connect

This paper suggests that future challenges to US national security will be very different from those previously experienced. In a number of foreseeable circumstances, conventional military force will be inappropriate. The National Command Authority, and other appropriate levels of command, need expanded options available to meet threats for which the application of massive lethal force is counterproductive or inadvisable. It is proposed that nonlethal concepts be developed that provide additional options for military leaders and politicians. Included in this initiative should be exploration of policy, strategy, doctrine, and training issues as well as the development of selected technologies and weapons. In addition, civilian law enforcement agencies have similar requirements for less-than-lethal systems. This may be an excellent example for a joint technology development venture.

Alexander, J.B.

1994-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

192

Local Option - Special Districts | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Local Option - Special Districts Local Option - Special Districts Local Option - Special Districts < Back Eligibility Commercial Residential Savings Category Heating & Cooling Commercial Heating & Cooling Heating Home Weatherization Commercial Weatherization Cooling Sealing Your Home Ventilation Construction Heat Pumps Appliances & Electronics Commercial Lighting Lighting Windows, Doors, & Skylights Bioenergy Solar Alternative Fuel Vehicles Hydrogen & Fuel Cells Buying & Making Electricity Water Heating Wind Program Info State Florida Program Type PACE Financing '''''Note: The Federal Housing Financing Agency (FHFA) issued a [http://www.fhfa.gov/webfiles/15884/PACESTMT7610.pdf statement] in July 2010 concerning the senior lien status associated with most PACE programs. In response to the FHFA statement, most local PACE programs have been

193

Pricing and hedging a barrier option  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Barrier options are options where the payoff depends on whether the underlying asset's price reaches a certain level during a certain period of time. This path-dependency makes these options difficult to manage in practice. In this work, general methods of pricing and hedging are proposed. General properties of the Black - Scholes model are studied. Three methods of pricing are discussed and compared. Hedging issues are analyzed. Finally an improvement of the Black - Scholes model for the stock's price is proposed to take into account the stochastic aspect of the stock price volatility.

Bogossian, Alan

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

194

Options for Handling Noncombustion Waste: Third Edition  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Utilities produce a wide variety of noncombustion wastes from generating and distributing electricity as well as from associated support operations. This manual addresses the management of 23 utility noncombustion wastes and describes options for managing these wastes.

1995-07-26T23:59:59.000Z

195

Option Value of Electricity Demand Response  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

4. Option Value of a Thermal Energy Storage System for 5counter Real-time Prices Thermal Energy Storage vii Abstractfor the day, operating thermal energy storage overnight for

Sezgen, Osman; Goldman, Charles; Krishnarao, P.

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

196

SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory - Transportation Options  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Transportation SLAC and Stanford can be reached by a variety of transportation options. There are many resources to help you plan your trip to and around SLAC and Stanford. The...

197

New England Wind Forum: More Search Options  

Wind Powering America (EERE)

Projects in New England Building Wind Energy in New England Newsletter Perspectives Events Quick Links to States CT MA ME NH RI VT More Search Options New England Wind Forum Site...

198

Adaptive genetic programming for option pricing  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Genetic Programming (GP) is an automated computational programming methodology, inspired by the workings of natural evolution techniques. It has been applied to solve complex problems in multiple domains including finance. This paper illustrates the ... Keywords: enetic programming, options pricing

Zheng Yin; Anthony Brabazon; Conall O'Sullivan

2007-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

199

Optimization Online - Option - Alloction funds- Transaction costs  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Apr 18, 2009 ... Tests on portfolio efficiency concern, at first time, a long-term investor with Out- The-Country options and strike prices are approximate by a ...

200

Evaluation of passive solar retrofit options  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

An evaluation framework has been developed which allows for the assessment of the role of passive solar retrofit in the nationwide reduction of conventional fuel use. Three types of analysis are proposed within this framework: the physical/technical capability of the present housing stock to incorporate passive solar retrofit; the economic feasibility of the application of retrofit designs; and the actual market potential or acceptance of these alternative retrofit options. Each type of analysis has specific data requirements and a series of evaluation procedures to help establish estimates of the potential for passive solar retrofit in the present housing stock. The data requirements with their respective sources and evaluation procedures for the first two types of analysis-physical/technical setting and economic feasibility, are examined. A distinction is drawn between community specific case studies and more generalized national assessments. Information derived from these three types of analysis, whether case specific or national in scope, can then be used in an evaluation of potential economic impacts. The establishment of regional economic benefits and costs werve as a measure of the merit or attractiveness of the implementation of a passive solar retrofit program.

Ben-David, S.; Kirchemen, C.; Martin, S.; Noll, S.; Roach, F.

1980-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "development options 3c" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


201

Seattle's system for evaluating energy options  

SciTech Connect

In 1975, the City Council developed a blueprint called Energy 1990 for meeting Seattle's future electric energy needs. Priorities for addressing or offsetting expected growth in demand are in order: (1) conservation (2) hydroelectricity (3) other renewable sources such as wind, biomass, solar, and geothermal energy (4) abundant nonrenewable resources such as coal, and (5) other renewables. An energy resources planning group was formed and a data base was established. Resource options were investigated and the recommendations were published.

Logie, P.; Macdonald, M.J.

1982-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

202

The $2000 Electric Powertrain Option-1 Program. Final technical report  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

This report describes the tasks accomplished as part of Northrop Grumman's TRP $2000 Electric Powertrain Option-1 program. Northrop Grumman has strived to achieve technology advances and development considered as high priority to the success of future electric vehicles. Northrop Grumman has achieved the intent of the program by taking several steps toward reducing the cost of the electric vehicle powertrain, demonstrating technologies in the form of hardware and introducing enhancements into production that are consistent with the needs of the market.

NONE

1999-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

203

Analysis of federal options to support photovoltaic industry growth  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

This report presents the methodology and results of an analysis to determine the impact and leverage of federal options for supporting the growth of the photovoltaic industry. Results were projected for combinations of the following: an aggressive federal research and development program, achievement of a technological breakthrough, and immediate or breakthrough-dependent incentives including direct price reductions, keyed-to-breakeven subsidies, and federal puchases. The modeling methodology and market assumptions were also tested to determine their effect on analysis results.

Bennington, G.; Cherdak, A.; Williams, F.

1979-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

204

PRICING A CLASS OF EXOTIC OPTIONS VIA MOMENTS AND SDP ...  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

which have been considered in the interest rate and the real option theories. In fact, any ... Here, T > 0 is the option's maturity time, K is the option's strike price,.

205

Surface studies of hydrogen etched 3C-SiC(001) on Si(001)  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The morphology and structure of 3C-SiC(001) surfaces, grown on Si(001) and prepared via hydrogen etching, are studied using atomic force microscopy (AFM), low-energy electron diffraction (LEED), and Auger electron spectroscopy (AES). On the etched samples, flat surfaces with large terraces and atomic steps are revealed by AFM. In ultrahigh vacuum a sharp LEED pattern with an approximate (5x1) periodicity is observed. AES studies reveal a ''bulklike'' composition up to the near surface region and indicate that an overlayer consisting of a weakly bound silicon oxide monolayer is present.

Coletti, C.; Frewin, C. L.; Saddow, S. E.; Hetzel, M.; Virojanadara, C.; Starke, U. [Electrical Engineering Department, University of South Florida, Tampa, Florida 33620 (United States); Max-Planck-Institut fuer Festkoerperforschung, Heisenbergstr. 1, D-70569 Stuttgart (Germany)

2007-08-06T23:59:59.000Z

206

China-Assessing Policy Options for Increasing the Use of Renewable Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

China-Assessing Policy Options for Increasing the Use of Renewable Energy China-Assessing Policy Options for Increasing the Use of Renewable Energy for Sustainable Development Jump to: navigation, search Name China-Assessing Policy Options for Increasing the Use of Renewable Energy for Sustainable Development Agency/Company /Organization United Nations Industrial Development Organization, Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations, United Nations Environment Programme, United Nations International Atomic Energy Agency Sector Energy Focus Area Energy Efficiency, Renewable Energy Topics Policies/deployment programs, Background analysis Resource Type Software/modeling tools, Publications, Lessons learned/best practices Website http://esa.un.org/un-energy/pd Country China UN Region Eastern Asia References China-Assessing Policy Options for Increasing the Use of Renewable Energy for Sustainable Development[1]

207

Ghana-Assessing Policy Options for Increasing the Use of Renewable Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Options for Increasing the Use of Renewable Energy Options for Increasing the Use of Renewable Energy for Sustainable Development Jump to: navigation, search Name Assessing Policy Options for Increasing the Use of Renewable Energy for Sustainable Development: Modelling Energy Scenarios for Ghana Agency/Company /Organization United Nations Industrial Development Organization, Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations, United Nations Environment Programme, United Nations International Atomic Energy Agency Sector Energy Focus Area Energy Efficiency, Renewable Energy Topics Policies/deployment programs, Background analysis Resource Type Software/modeling tools, Publications, Lessons learned/best practices Website http://esa.un.org/un-energy/pd Country Ghana UN Region Western Africa References Ghana-Assessing Policy Options for Increasing the Use of Renewable Energy for Sustainable Development[1]

208

The Effect Of Options On Pilot Decision Making In The Presence Of Risk  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

An Option-Based Decision Framework is developed. This Framework may be applied to decisions that must be made in the face of high risk. The work is motivated by the needs of decision makers, specifically aviation decision ...

Dershowitz, Adam L.

209

Ohmic contacts to single-crystalline 3C-SiC films for extreme-environment MEMS applications  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper describes the ohmic contacts to single-crystalline 3C-SiC thin films heteroepitaxially grown on Si (001) wafers. In this work, a TiW (titanium-tungsten) film was deposited as a contact material by RF magnetron sputter and annealed through ... Keywords: Contact resistivity, Ohmic contact, Single-crystalline 3C-SiC, TiW

Gwiy-Sang Chung; Kyu-Hyung Yoon

2008-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

210

DOE Exercises 5 Year Option on Washington TRU Solutions Contract...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Exercises 5 Year Option on Washington TRU Solutions Contract to Operate WIPP DOE Exercises 5 Year Option on Washington TRU Solutions Contract to Operate WIPP January 18, 2005 -...

211

Report on HVAC Option Selections for a Relocatable Classroom...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Report on HVAC Option Selections for a Relocatable Classroom Energy and Indoor Environmental Quality Field Study Title Report on HVAC Option Selections for a Relocatable Classroom...

212

Energy Efficiency Policy Rules: Options and Alternatives for...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Policy Rules: Options and Alternatives for Illinois Energy Efficiency Policy Rules: Options and Alternatives for Illinois Chuck Goldman (LBNL) & Rich Sedano (RAP). ICC Staff...

213

State Policy Options for Renewable Energy | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

State Policy Options for Renewable Energy State Policy Options for Renewable Energy Matthew H. Brown Energy Program Director National Conference of State Legislatures. September...

214

State Policy Options for Renewable Energy | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Policy Options for Renewable Energy State Policy Options for Renewable Energy Matthew H. Brown Energy Program Director National Conference of State Legislatures. September 2003...

215

Policy Options for Encouraging Energy Efficiency Best Practices...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Policy Options for Encouraging Energy Efficiency Best Practices in Shandong Province's Cement Industry Title Policy Options for Encouraging Energy Efficiency Best Practices in...

216

Renewable Power Options for Electricity Generation on Kaua'i...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Renewable Power Options for Electricity Generation on Kaua'i: Economics and Performance Modeling Renewable Power Options for Electricity Generation on Kaua'i: Economics and...

217

Financing Non-Residential Photovoltaic Projects: Options and...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Financing Non-Residential Photovoltaic Projects: Options and Implications Title Financing Non-Residential Photovoltaic Projects: Options and Implications Publication Type Report...

218

Implementing a Hydrogen Energy Infrastructure: Storage Options and System Design  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

challenge. Hydrogen energy storage density has been steadilya Hydrogen Energy Infrastructure: Storage Options and Systema Hydrogen Energy Infrastructure: Storage Options and System

Ogden, J; Yang, Christopher

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

219

Payback Analysis of Design Options for Residential Water Heaters  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Payback Analysis of Design Options for Residential Water Heaters Title Payback Analysis of Design Options for Residential Water Heaters Publication Type Report LBNL Report Number...

220

Assessment of Biomass Pelletization Options for Greensburg, Kansas...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Assessment of Biomass Pelletization Options for Greensburg, Kansas: Executive Summary Assessment of Biomass Pelletization Options for Greensburg, Kansas: Executive Summary This...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "development options 3c" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


221

Solar Easements and Local Option Solar Rights Laws | Department...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Solar Easements and Local Option Solar Rights Laws Solar Easements and Local Option Solar Rights Laws < Back Eligibility Commercial Fed. Government Industrial Local Government...

222

Solar and Wind Easements & Rights Laws & Local Option Solar Rights...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

and Wind Easements & Rights Laws & Local Option Solar Rights Law Solar and Wind Easements & Rights Laws & Local Option Solar Rights Law Eligibility Agricultural Commercial Fed....

223

Implementing a Hydrogen Energy Infrastructure: Storage Options and System Design  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

as a key challenge. Hydrogen energy storage density has beena Hydrogen Energy Infrastructure: Storage Options and Systema Hydrogen Energy Infrastructure: Storage Options and System

Ogden, J; Yang, Christopher

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

224

Renewal equations for option pricing  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In this paper we will develop an original approach, based in the use of renewal equations, for obtaining pricing expressions for financial instruments whose underlying asset can be solely described through a simple continuous-time random walk (CTRW). This enhances the potential use of CTRW techniques in finance. We solve these equations for different contract specifications in a particular but exemplifying case. We recover the celebrated results for the Wiener process under certain limits.

Montero, Miquel

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

225

Multipollutant Emission Control Technology Options  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The U. S. Environmental Protection Agency is charged by Congress with protecting the nation's land, air, and water resources. Under a mandate of national environmental laws, the agency strives to formulate and implement actions leading to a compatible balance between human activities and the ability of natural systems to support and nurture life. To meet this mandate, EPA's research program is providing data and technical support for solving environmental problems today and building a science knowledge base necessary to manage our ecological resources wisely, understand how pollutants affect our health, and prevent or reduce environmental risks in the future. The National Risk Management Research Laboratory is the agency’s center for investigation of technological and management approaches for reducing risks from threats to human health and the environment. The focus of the laboratory's research program is on methods for the prevention and control of pollution to air, land, water, and subsurface resources, protection of water quality in public water systems; remediation of contaminated sites and groundwater; and prevention and control of indoor air pollution. The goal of this research effort is to catalyze development and implementation of innovative, cost-effective environmental technologies; develop scientific and engineering information needed by EPA to support regulatory and policy decisions; and provide technical support and information transfer to ensure effective implementation of environmental regulations and strategies. This publication has been produced as part of the laboratory's strategic long-term research plan. It is published and made available by EPA's Office of Research and Development to assist the user community and to link researchers with their clients.

For Coal-fired Power Plants Foreword; Sally Gutierrez Director

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

226

Partnership Agreement Options | Partnerships | ORNL  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Agreement For Commercializing Technology (ACT) CRADA Work For Others Agreement User Agreement Sample Sponsored Research Agreement SBIR-STTR Support Partnerships Home | Connect with ORNL | For Industry | Partnerships | Sponsored Research | Partnering Mechanism SHARE Partnering Mechanisms Exact Measurements Private companies, universities, non-profit agencies, and other non-federal entities seeking technology solutions or research and development partnerships have a number of mechanisms available for engaging ORNL in partnerships. These mechanisms are embodied in various types of partnering agreements that permit non-federal entities access to technologies, unique facilities, and cutting-edge expertise resident at ORNL. Different partnership agreements exist based on specific needs of the

227

Data:08ebcf38-175d-4583-a50c-3c4b17babf32 | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

8-175d-4583-a50c-3c4b17babf32 8-175d-4583-a50c-3c4b17babf32 No revision has been approved for this page. It is currently under review by our subject matter experts. Jump to: navigation, search Loading... 1. Basic Information 2. Demand 3. Energy << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> Basic Information Utility name: Avista Corp Effective date: 2013/01/01 End date if known: Rate name: Company Owned Street Lighting - SHPS 100 W Developer contributed Sector: Lighting Description: Public Purposes Rider = base rate x %2.85. Source or reference: http://www.avistautilities.com/services/energypricing/wa/elect/Pages/default.aspx Source Parent: Comments Applicability Demand (kW) Minimum (kW): Maximum (kW): History (months): Energy (kWh) Minimum (kWh): Maximum (kWh): History (months): Service Voltage Minimum (V):

228

Agricultural Mitigation of Greenhouse Gases: Science and Policy Options  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Agricultural Mitigation of Greenhouse Gases: Science and Policy Options Agricultural Mitigation of Greenhouse Gases: Science and Policy Options Keith Paustian (keithp@nrel.colostate.edu; 970-491-1547) Natural Resource Ecology Laboratory Colorado State University Ft. Collins, CO 80523 Bruce Babcock (babcock@iastate.edu; 515-294-6785) Cathy Kling (ckling@iastate.edu; 515-294-5767) Center for Agriculture and Rural Development Iowa State University Ames, IA 50011-1070 Jerry Hatfield (hatfield@nstl.gov; 515-294-5723) USDA - National Soil Tilth Laboratory Ames, IA 50011 Rattan Lal (lal.1@osu.edu; 614-292-9069) School of Natural Resources The Ohio State University Columbus, OH 43210-1085 Bruce McCarl (mccarl@tamu.edu; 979-845-1706) Department of Agricultural Economics Texas A&M University College Station, TX 77843-2124 Sandy McLaughlin (un4@ornl.gov; 865-574-7358)

229

1992 Columbia River Salmon Flow Measures Options Analysis/EIS.  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

This Options Analysis/Environmental Impact Statement (OA/EIS) identifies, presents effects of, and evaluates the potential options for changing instream flow levels in efforts to increase salmon populations in the lower Columbia and Snake rivers. The potential actions would be implemented during 1992 to benefit juvenile and adult salmon during migration through eight run-of-river reservoirs. The Corps of Engineers (Corps) prepared this document in cooperation with the Bonneville Power Administration and the Bureau of Reclamation. The US Fish and Wildlife Service (FSWS) is a participating agency. The text and appendices of the document describe the characteristics of 10 Federal projects and one private water development project in the Columbia River drainage basin. Present and potential operation of these projects and their effects on the salmon that spawn and rear in the Columbia and Snake River System are presented. The life history, status, and response of Pacific salmon to current environmental conditions are described.

Not Available

1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

230

Data:4fd4b3c3-80a0-49aa-82f1-2cdcc022e758 | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

fd4b3c3-80a0-49aa-82f1-2cdcc022e758 fd4b3c3-80a0-49aa-82f1-2cdcc022e758 No revision has been approved for this page. It is currently under review by our subject matter experts. Jump to: navigation, search Loading... 1. Basic Information 2. Demand 3. Energy << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> Basic Information Utility name: Kenergy Corp Effective date: 2011/09/01 End date if known: Rate name: Schedule 1 - Residential Sector: Residential Description: APPLICABLE In all territory served. AVAILABILITY OF SERVICE Available for single and three-phase single family residential service. Residential electric service is available for uses customarily associated with residential occupation, including lighting, cooking, heating, cooling, refjigeration, household appliances and other domestic purposes. Residential rates are based on service to single family units and are not applicable to multi-family dwellings served through a single meter. Where two or more families occupy a residential building, Kenergy may require, as a condition precedent to the application of the residential rate, the wiring in the building be so arranged as to permit each family to be served through a separate meter, In those cases where such segregation of Wiring would involve undue expense to the Member, at the Member's option in lieu of the foregoing, electric service rendered to.a multi-family residential building through a single meter will be classified as commercial and billed on the basis of service to a Member at an appropriate nonresidential rate. If a separate meter is used to measure the consumption to remotely located buildings, such as garages, barns, pump houses, grain bins or other outbuildings, or facilities, such as electric fences, it will be considered a separate service and be billed as a separate service at the applicable non-residential rate.

231

Power options for lunar exploration  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

This paper presents an overview of the types of power systems available for providing power on the moon. Lunar missions of exploration, in situ resource utilization, and colonization will be constrained by availability of adequate power. The length of the lunar night places severe limitations on solar power system designs, because a large portion of the system mass is devoted to energy storage. The selection of the ideal power source hardware will require compatibility with not only the lunar base power requirements and environment, but also with the conversion, storage, and transmission equipment. In addition, further analysis to determine the optimum operating parameters for a given power system should be conducted so that critical technologies can be identified in the early stages of base development. This paper describes the various concepts proposed for providing power on the lunar surface and compare their ranges of applicability. The importance of a systems approach to the integration of these components will also be discussed.

Bamberger, J.A.; Gaustad, K.L.

1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

232

Data:1e9e6ebc-292d-45bc-b4e3-c1c2b99061b0 | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

e6ebc-292d-45bc-b4e3-c1c2b99061b0 e6ebc-292d-45bc-b4e3-c1c2b99061b0 No revision has been approved for this page. It is currently under review by our subject matter experts. Jump to: navigation, search Loading... 1. Basic Information 2. Demand 3. Energy << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> Basic Information Utility name: Village of Cadott, Wisconsin (Utility Company) Effective date: 2000/10/19 End date if known: Rate name: Cp-1 Small Power Service Primary Metering Discount & Transformer Ownership Discount with Parallel Generation(20kW or less) Sector: Commercial Description: Application: This rate will be applied to customers for all types of service if their monthly Maximum Measured Demand is in excess of 45 kilowatts (kW) per month for three or more months in a consecutive 12-month period, unless the customer exceeds the application conditions of the large power schedule. Customers billed on this rate shall continue to be billed on this rate until their monthly Maximum Measured Demand is less than 45 kW per month for 12 consecutive months. The utility shall offer customers billed on this rate a one-time option to continue to be billed on this rate for another 12 months if their monthly Maximum Measured Demand is less than 45 kW per month. However, this option shall be offered with the provision that the customer waives all rights to billing adjustments arising from a claim that the bill for service would be less on another rate schedule than under this rate schedule.Primary Metering Discount: Customers metered on the primary side of the transformer shall be given a 2.00 percent discount on the monthly energy charge, distribution demand charge, and demand charge. The PCAC and the monthly customer charge will not be eligible for the primary metering discount. Transformer Ownership Discount: Customers who own and maintain their own transformers or substations shall be given a credit of $0.20 per kW of distribution demand. Customer-owned substation equipment shall be operated and maintained by the customer. Support and substation equipment is subject to utility inspection and approval. Fixed Monthly Charge includes Commitment to Community Rider: $1.33 per customer per month.

233

Data:2993cee6-da50-44d3-b845-34e156c3c6b6 | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

cee6-da50-44d3-b845-34e156c3c6b6 cee6-da50-44d3-b845-34e156c3c6b6 No revision has been approved for this page. It is currently under review by our subject matter experts. Jump to: navigation, search Loading... 1. Basic Information 2. Demand 3. Energy << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> Basic Information Utility name: City of Black River Falls, Wisconsin (Utility Company) Effective date: 2010/04/15 End date if known: Rate name: Large Power Time-of-Day Sector: Commercial Description: Power Cost Adjustment Clause All metered rates shall be subject to a positive or negative power cost adjustment charge equivalent to the amount by which the current cost of power (per kilowatt-hour of sales) is greater or lesser than the base cost of power purchased (per kilowatt-hour of sales). The current cost per kilowatt-hour of energy billed is equal to the cost of power purchased for the most recent month, divided by the kilowatt-hours of energy sold. The monthly adjustment (rounded to the nearest one one-hundredth of a cent) is equal to the current cost less the base cost. The base cost of power (U) is $0.0790 per kilowatt-hour. Application: This rate will be applied to customers for all types of service, if their monthly Maximum Measured Demand is in excess of 200 kilowatts (kW) per month for three or more months in a consecutive 12-month period. Customers billed on this rate shall continue to be billed on this rate until their monthly Maximum Measured Demand is less than 200 kW per month for 12 consecutive months. The utility shall offer customers billed on this rate a one-time option to continue to be billed on this rate for another 12 months if their monthly Maximum Measured Demand is less than 200 kW per month. However, this option shall be offered with the provision that the customer waives all rights to billing adjustments arising from a claim that the bill for service would be less on another rate schedule than under this rate schedule. Commitment to Community rider: Cp-2 Large Power TOD Service 3.0% of the total electric bill not to exceed $35.00

234

Data:F925e17e-dab8-4b3c-9446-97d0a0c1670d | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

7e-dab8-4b3c-9446-97d0a0c1670d 7e-dab8-4b3c-9446-97d0a0c1670d No revision has been approved for this page. It is currently under review by our subject matter experts. Jump to: navigation, search Loading... 1. Basic Information 2. Demand 3. Energy << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> Basic Information Utility name: Village of Cadott, Wisconsin (Utility Company) Effective date: 2000/10/19 End date if known: Rate name: Cp-1 Small Power Service Primary Metering Discount Sector: Commercial Description: Application: This rate will be applied to customers for all types of service if their monthly Maximum Measured Demand is in excess of 45 kilowatts (kW) per month for three or more months in a consecutive 12-month period, unless the customer exceeds the application conditions of the large power schedule. Customers billed on this rate shall continue to be billed on this rate until their monthly Maximum Measured Demand is less than 45 kW per month for 12 consecutive months. The utility shall offer customers billed on this rate a one-time option to continue to be billed on this rate for another 12 months if their monthly Maximum Measured Demand is less than 45 kW per month. However, this option shall be offered with the provision that the customer waives all rights to billing adjustments arising from a claim that the bill for service would be less on another rate schedule than under this rate schedule.Primary Metering Discount: Customers metered on the primary side of the transformer shall be given a 2.00 percent discount on the monthly energy charge, distribution demand charge, and demand charge. The PCAC and the monthly customer charge will not be eligible for the primary metering discount. Fixed Monthly Charge includes Commitment to Community Rider: $1.33 per customer per month.

235

CHARACTERIZATION OF SURPLUS PLUTONIUM FOR DISPOSITION OPTIONS  

SciTech Connect

The United States (U.S.) has identified 61.5 metric tons (MT) of plutonium that is permanently excess to use in nuclear weapons programs, including 47.2 MT of weapons-grade plutonium. Except for materials that remain in use for programs outside of national defense, including programs for nuclear-energy development, the surplus inventories will be stored safely by the Department of Energy (DOE) and then transferred to facilities that will prepare the plutonium for permanent disposition. Some items will be disposed as transuranic waste, low-level waste, or spent fuel. The remaining surplus plutonium will be managed through: (1) the Mixed Oxide (MOX) Fuel Fabrication Facility (FFF), to be constructed at the Savannah River Site (SRS), where the plutonium will be converted to fuel that will be irradiated in civilian power reactors and later disposed to a high-level waste (HLW) repository as spent fuel; (2) the SRS H-Area facilities, by dissolving and transfer to HLW systems, also for disposal to the repository; or (3) alternative immobilization techniques that would provide durable and secure disposal. From the beginning of the U.S. program for surplus plutonium disposition, DOE has sponsored research to characterize the surplus materials and to judge their suitability for planned disposition options. Because many of the items are stored without extensive analyses of their current chemical content, the characterization involves three interacting components: laboratory sample analysis, if available; non-destructive assay data; and rigorous evaluation of records for the processing history for items and inventory groups. This information is collected from subject-matter experts at inventory sites and from materials stabilization and surveillance programs, in cooperation with the design agencies for the disposition facilities. This report describes the operation and status of the characterization program.

Allender, J; Edwin Moore, E; Scott Davies, S

2008-07-15T23:59:59.000Z

236

Real options in information technology risk management: an empirical validation of risk-option relationships  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Recently, an option-based risk management (OBRiM) framework has been proposed to control risk and maximize value in information technology investment decisions. While the framework is prescriptive in nature, its core logic rests on a set of normative ... Keywords: IT investment, real options, risk, risk management

Michel Benaroch; Yossi Lichtenstein; Karl Robinson

2006-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

237

New Search Options in PeopleSoft 9 New Search Options in PeopleSoft 9  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

New Search Options in PeopleSoft 9 New Search Options in PeopleSoft 9 To view or update data search box page. Person ID (or just ID) is often the default key criterion. If you enter nothing and click OK, the system searches for all records with IDs. However, because all records have IDs, the list

McConnell, Terry

238

Green Building Policy Options for New Orleans  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Green Building Policy Options Green Building Policy Options for New Orleans Elizabeth Doris Technical Report NREL/TP-7A30-52576 September 2011 NREL is a national laboratory of the U.S. Department of Energy, Office of Energy Efficiency & Renewable Energy, operated by the Alliance for Sustainable Energy, LLC. National Renewable Energy Laboratory 1617 Cole Boulevard Golden, Colorado 80401 303-275-3000 * www.nrel.gov Contract No. DE-AC36-08GO28308 Green Building Policy Options for New Orleans Elizabeth Doris Prepared under Task No(s). IDNO.1030 Technical Report NREL/TP-7A30-52576 September 2011 NOTICE This report was prepared as an account of work sponsored by an agency of the United States government.

239

High-Power Options for LANSCE  

SciTech Connect

The LANSCE linear accelerator at Los Alamos National Laboratory has a long history of successful beam operations at 800 kW. We have recently studied options for restoration of high-power operations including approaches for increasing the performance to multi-MW levels. In this paper we will discuss the results of this study including the present limitations of the existing accelerating structures at LANSCE, and the high-voltage and RF systems that drive them. Several options will be discussed and a preferred option will be presented that will enable the first in a new generation of scientific facilities for the materials community. The emphasis of this new facility is 'Matter-Radiation Interactions in Extremes' (MaRIE) which will be used to discover and design the advanced materials needed to meet 21st century national security and energy security challenges.

Garnett, Robert W. [Los Alamos National Laboratory

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

240

Disposition options for {sup 233}U  

SciTech Connect

The United States is implementing a program to dispose of excess nuclear-weapons-usable materials--including {sup 233}U. A series of studies have identified multiple {sup 233}U disposition options, and these options are described herein. Most of the options involve adding depleted uranium containing {sup 238}U to the {sup 233}U. Converting the {sup 233}U into a mixture of <12 wt % {sup 233}U in {sup 238}U converts the weapons-usable {sup 233}U into nonweapons-usable {sup 233}U. For {sup 233}U that is considered waste, further isotopic dilution to <0.66 wt % {sup 233}U in {sup 238}U minimizes potential long-term repository criticality concerns and in many cases minimizes final waste volumes.

Forsberg, C.W.; Icenhour, A.S.; Krichinsky, A.M.

1998-04-27T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "development options 3c" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


241

Electric Charge Quantization in SU(3)_C X SU(3)_L X U(1)_X Models  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Basing on the general photon eigenstate and the anomaly cancelation, we have naturally explained the electric charge quantization in two models based on the SU(3)_C X SU(3)_L X U(1)_X gauge group, namely in the minimal model and in the model with right-handed neutrinos. In addition, we have shown that the electric charges of the proton and of the electron are opposite; and the same happens with the neutron and the neutrino. We argue that the electric charge quantization is not dependent on the classical constraints on generating mass to the fermions, but it is related closely with the generation number problem. In fact, both problems are properly solved as the direct consequences of the fermion content under the anomaly free conditions.

Phung Van Dong; Hoang Ngoc Long

2005-07-13T23:59:59.000Z

242

EIA Energy Efficiency-Table 3c. Capacity Adjusted Value of Production a by  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

c c Page Last Modified: May 2010 Table 3c. Capacity Adjusted Value of Production 1 by Selected Industries, 1998, 2002, and 2006 (Current Billion Dollars) MECS Survey Years NAICS Subsector and Industry 1998 2002 2006 311 Food Manufacturing 430 468 552 312 Beverage and Tobacco Product Manufacturing 98 120 131 313 Textile Mills 57 50 44 314 Textile Product Mills 31 34 36 315 Apparel Manufacturing 66 53 31 316 Leather and Allied Product Manufacturing 11 8 7 321 Wood Product Manufacturing 87 94 110 322 Paper Manufacturing 159 160 177 323 Printing and Related Support Activities 104 109 107 324 Petroleum and Coal Products Manufacturing 134 215 523 325 Chemical Manufacturing 415 470 657 326 Plastics and Rubber Products Manufacturing 158 183 212 327 Nonmetallic Mineral Product Manufacturing 85 97 134

243

The Heart-shaped Supernova Remnant 3C391 viewed in Multi-bands  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Using Chandra X-ray, Spitzer mid-IR, and 1.5 GHz radio data, we examine the spatial structure of SNR 3C391. The X-ray surface brightness is generally anti-correlative with the IR and radio brightness. The multiband data clearly exhibit a heart-shaped morphology and show the multi-shell structure of the remnant. A thin brace-like shell on the south detected at 24 um is projected outside the radio border and confines the southern faint X-ray emission. The leading 24 um knot on the SE boundary appears to be partly surrounded by soft X-ray emitting gas. The mid-IR emission is dominated by the contribution of the shocked dust grains, which may have been partly destroyed by sputtering.

Yang Su; Yang Chen

2007-03-29T23:59:59.000Z

244

The Heart-shaped Supernova Remnant 3C391 viewed in Multi-bands  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Using Chandra X-ray, Spitzer mid-IR, and 1.5 GHz radio data, we examine the spatial structure of SNR 3C391. The X-ray surface brightness is generally anti-correlative with the IR and radio brightness. The multiband data clearly exhibit a heart-shaped morphology and show the multi-shell structure of the remnant. A thin brace-like shell on the south detected at 24 um is projected outside the radio border and confines the southern faint X-ray emission. The leading 24 um knot on the SE boundary appears to be partly surrounded by soft X-ray emitting gas. The mid-IR emission is dominated by the contribution of the shocked dust grains, which may have been partly destroyed by sputtering.

Su, Yang

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

245

Origin of radiation tolerance in 3C-SiC with nanolayered planar defects  

SciTech Connect

We have recently found that the radiation tolerance of SiC is highly enhanced by introducing nanolayers of stacking faults and twins [Y. Zhang et al., Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys. 14, 13429 (2012)]. To reveal the origin of this radiation resistance, we used in situ transmission electron microscopy to examine structural changes induced by electron beam irradiation in 3C-SiC containing nanolayers of (111) planar defects. We found that preferential amorphization, when it does occur, takes place at grain boundaries and at 111 and 111 planar defects. Radiationinduced point defects, such as interstitials and vacancies, migrate two-dimensionally between the (111) planar defects, which probably enhances the damage recovery.

Ishimaru, Dr. Manabu [Osaka University; Zhang, Yanwen [ORNL; Shannon, Prof. Steven [North Carolina State University; Weber, William J [ORNL

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

246

Origin of radiation tolerance in 3C-SiC with nanolayered planar defects  

SciTech Connect

We have recently found that the radiation tolerance of SiC is highly enhanced by introducing nanolayers of stacking faults and twins [Y. Zhang et al., Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys. 14, 13429 (2012)]. To reveal the origin of this radiation resistance, we used in situ transmission electron microscopy to examine structural changes induced by electron beam irradiation in 3C-SiC containing nanolayers of (111) planar defects. We found that preferential amorphization, when it does occur, takes place at grain boundaries and at (111) and (111) planar defects. Radiation-induced point defects, such as interstitials and vacancies, migrate two-dimensionally between the (111) planar defects, which probably enhances the damage recovery.

Ishimaru, Manabu [Institute of Scientific and Industrial Research, Osaka University, Osaka 567-0047 (Japan); Zhang Yanwen; Weber, William J. [Materials Science and Technology Division, Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Tennessee 37831-6138 (United States); Department of Materials Science and Engineering, University of Tennessee, Tennessee 37996 (United States); Shannon, Steven [Department of Nuclear Engineering, North Carolina State University, Raleigh, North Carolina 27695 (United States)

2013-07-15T23:59:59.000Z

247

Overdensity of X-Ray sources near 3C 295: a candidate filament  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We present a statistical analysis of the Chandra observation of the source field around the 3C 295 galaxy cluster (z=0.46) aimed at the search for clustering of X-ray sources. Three different methods of analysis, namely a chip by chip logN-logS, a two dimensional Kolmogorov-Smirnov test, and the angular correlation function (ACF) show a strong overdensity of sources in the North-East of the field. In particular, the ACF shows a clear signal on scales of 0.5 - 5 arcmin. This correlation angle is > 2 times higher than that of a sample of 8 ACIS-I field at the 2.5 sigma confidence level. If this overdensity is spatially associated to the cluster, we are observing a 'filament' of the large scale structure of the Universe. We discuss some first results that seem to indicate such an association.

V. D'Elia; F. Fiore; F. Cocchia

2004-07-22T23:59:59.000Z

248

Large area quasi-free standing monolayer graphene on 3C-SiC(111)  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Large scale, homogeneous quasi-free standing monolayer graphene is obtained on cubic silicon carbide, i.e., the 3C-SiC(111) surface, which represents an appealing and cost effective platform for graphene growth. The quasi-free monolayer is produced by intercalation of hydrogen under the interfacial, (6{radical}(3)x6{radical}(3))R30 deg.-reconstructed carbon layer. After intercalation, angle resolved photoemission spectroscopy reveals sharp linear {pi}-bands. The decoupling of graphene from the substrate is identified by x-ray photoemission spectroscopy and low energy electron diffraction. Atomic force microscopy and low energy electron microscopy demonstrate that homogeneous monolayer domains extend over areas of hundreds of square-micrometers.

Coletti, C. [Max-Planck-Institut fuer Festkoerperforschung, Heisenbergstr. 1, D-70569 Stuttgart (Germany); Center for Nanotechnology Innovation and NEST, Istituto Italiano di Tecnologia, Piazza San Silvestro 12, 56127 Pisa (Italy); Emtsev, K. V.; Starke, U. [Max-Planck-Institut fuer Festkoerperforschung, Heisenbergstr. 1, D-70569 Stuttgart (Germany); Zakharov, A. A. [MAX-Lab, Lund University, Box 118, Lund S-22100 (Sweden); Ouisse, T.; Chaussende, D. [Laboratoire des Materiaux et du Genie Physique-CNRS UMR5628--Grenoble INP, Minatec 3 parvis Louis Neel, BP 257, 38016 Grenoble (France)

2011-08-22T23:59:59.000Z

249

Options for Kentucky's Energy Future  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Three important imperatives are being pursued by the Commonwealth of Kentucky: ? Developing a viable economic future for the highly trained and experienced workforce and for the Paducah area that today supports, and is supported by, the operations of the US Department of Energy’s (DOE’s) Paducah Gaseous Diffusion Plant (PGDP). Currently, the PGDP is scheduled to be taken out of service in May, 2013. ? Restructuring the economic future for Kentucky’s most abundant indigenous resource and an important industry – the extraction and utilization of coal. The future of coal is being challenged by evolving and increasing requirements for its extraction and use, primarily from the perspective of environmental restrictions. Further, it is important that the economic value derived from this important resource for the Commonwealth, its people and its economy is commensurate with the risks involved. Over 70% of the extracted coal is exported from the Commonwealth and hence not used to directly expand the Commonwealth’s economy beyond the severance taxes on coal production. ? Ensuring a viable energy future for Kentucky to guarantee a continued reliable and affordable source of energy for its industries and people. Today, over 90% of Kentucky’s electricity is generated by burning coal with a delivered electric power price that is among the lowest in the United States. Anticipated increased environmental requirements necessitate looking at alternative forms of energy production, and in particular electricity generation.

Larry Demick

2012-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

250

ECONOMIC EVALUATION OF CO2 STORAGE AND SINK ENHANCEMENT OPTIONS  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This project developed life-cycle costs for the major technologies and practices under development for CO{sub 2} storage and sink enhancement. The technologies evaluated included options for storing captured CO{sub 2} in active oil reservoirs, depleted oil and gas reservoirs, deep aquifers, coal beds, and oceans, as well as the enhancement of carbon sequestration in forests and croplands. The capture costs for a nominal 500 MW{sub e} integrated gasification combined cycle plant from an earlier study were combined with the storage costs from this study to allow comparison among capture and storage approaches as well as sink enhancements.

Bert Bock; Richard Rhudy; Howard Herzog; Michael Klett; John Davison; Danial G. De La Torre Ugarte; Dale Simbeck

2003-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

251

Screen payback on cogeneration-system options  

SciTech Connect

Presented here are charts that provide a quick look at the relationship among the primary variables that affect the viability of a cogeneration project. The graphs are not intended to be complete feasibility studies, but rather screening aids for understanding the important interrelationships. Use of the charts will enable engineers to compare the predominant system options: gas turbine with heat-recovery steam generator (HRSG), diesel engine with HRSG, and fired boiler with steam turbine. The three options are presented separately because of differing capital costs and heat balances.

Wilson, F.

1984-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

252

Hydrogen Production: Overview of Technology Options, January 2009  

Fuel Cell Technologies Publication and Product Library (EERE)

Overview of technology options for hydrogen production, its challenges and reserach needs and next steps

253

Renewable Energies program (6 credit hour) Option A: 11  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Renewable Energies program (6 credit hour) Option A: 11 Option B: The program is organized by t Spanish Institute and the Asso program on renewable energy will provide students with advanced knowledge. opportunities: option A- two renewable energies; option B include on-site visits to renewable energy generation

Simaan, Nabil

254

External Costs Associated to Electricity Generation Options in Brazil  

SciTech Connect

This presentation discusses external costs associated with electricity generation options in Brazil.

Jacomino, V.M.F.; Arrone, I.D.; Albo, J.; Grynberg, S.; Spadaro, J.

2004-10-03T23:59:59.000Z

255

Pricing Discretely Monitored Asian Options by Maturity Randomization  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We present a new methodology based on maturity randomization to price discretely monitored arithmetic Asian options when the underlying asset evolves according to a generic Lévy process. Our randomization technique considers the option expiry ... Keywords: Asian option, Lévy process, discrete monitoring, fast Fourier transform, integral equation, option pricing, quadrature formula

Gianluca Fusai; Daniele Marazzina; Marina Marena

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

256

Choose best option for enhancing combined-cycle output  

SciTech Connect

This article describes several methods available for boosting the output of gas-turbine-based combined-cycle plants during warm-weather operation. The technology comparisons help choose the option that is most appropriate. Amidst the many advantages of gas-turbine (GT) combined cycles (CC), one drawback is that their achievable output decreases significantly as ambient temperature increases. Reason: The lower density of warm air reduces mass flow through the GT. Unfortunately, hot weather typically corresponds to peak power loads in many areas. Thus, the need to meet peak-load and power-sales contract requirements causes many plant developers to compensate for ambient-temperature-related output loss. The three most common methods of increasing output include: (1) injecting water or steam into the GT, (2) precooling GT inlet air, and/or (3) supplementary firing of the heat-recovery steam generator (HRSG). All of these options require significant capital outlays and affect other performance parameters. In addition, they may uniquely impact the operation and/or selection of other components, including boiler feedwater and condensate pumps, valves, steam turbine/generators, condensers, cooling towers, and emissions control systems. Although plant-specific issues will have a significant effect on selecting an option, comparing the performance of different systems based on a theoretical reference plant can be helpful. The comparisons here illustrate the characteristics, advantages, and disadvantages of the major power augmentation technologies now in use.

Boswell, M.; Tawney, R.; Narula, R.

1993-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

257

Options for Removing Multiple Pollutants Including CO2 at Existing Coal-Fired Power Plants  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This report is a technical review of the fuel changes and technology options for existing coal-fired power plants in response to potential new requirements for increasingly stringent multi-pollutant air emissions reductions, possibly including carbon dioxide (CO2). Preliminary costing of the major options is included. A database of the U.S. coal-fired power plants has been developed for further, more specific analyses.

2002-10-08T23:59:59.000Z

258

Test Preparation Options Free Test Prep Websites  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Test Preparation Options Free Test Prep Websites ACT: http: http://www.collegeboard.com/student/testing/sat/prep_one/test.html http://www.number2.com://testprep.princetonreview.com/CourseSearch/Search.aspx?itemCode=17&productType=F&rid=1&zip=803 02 Test Prep Classes Front Range Community College: Classes

Stowell, Michael

259

Advanced ignition options for laser ICF  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

University of Rochester and Princeton Plasma Physics Laboratory #12;FSC · With day-one hardware, the NIF can explore high-gain shock ignition - Polar Shock Ignition (uses half the NIF beams to drive the implosion: multi-FM or 2D-SSD (talk by J. Soures at this meeting) The NIF can explore advanced ignition options

260

Finding the cheapest Clean power options  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Speculation about why policies favor high-cost low-carbon generation options could fill a book. Vested interests? Lack of knowledge? Industry lobbying? Cost-plus regulatory mentality? Regardless of reasons, the data show that efficient generation that uses energy twice is largely ignored. While all other generation, both clean and dirty, receives large subsidies, energy recycling is ignored. (author)

Casten, Thomas R.; Smith, Jeffrey A.

2009-12-15T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "development options 3c" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


261

Waste disposal options report. Volume 1  

SciTech Connect

This report summarizes the potential options for the processing and disposal of mixed waste generated by reprocessing spent nuclear fuel at the Idaho Chemical Processing Plant. It compares the proposed waste-immobilization processes, quantifies and characterizes the resulting waste forms, identifies potential disposal sites and their primary acceptance criteria, and addresses disposal issues for hazardous waste.

Russell, N.E.; McDonald, T.G.; Banaee, J.; Barnes, C.M.; Fish, L.W.; Losinski, S.J.; Peterson, H.K.; Sterbentz, J.W.; Wenzel, D.R.

1998-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

262

Defined Contribution Retirement Plan Fund Option Enhancements  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

TIAA-CREF Fidelity Investments Peter Crehan Consultant ­ Field Consulting Group TIAA-CREF #12;Agenda I will provide an overview of how enhanced fund options will benefit plan participants VI. Fidelity and TIAA Managing Consultant | Institutional Relationships TIAA-CREF I Financial Division of Human Resources

Salama, Khaled

263

Energy, Product, and Economic Implications of Environmental Compliance Options- A Southern California Case Study  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Industrial plants that are faced with regulated emissions constraints may also have a complex array of compliance options from which to choose. Technology options may include a number of pollution control alternatives: retrofits with more efficient equipment, fuel switching and/or process change to electrotechnologies, or advanced gas-fueled technologies. In some cases, a plant may be able to purchase emissions reduction credits (ERCs) in lieu of changing equipment, as would be the case in Southern California if the proposed RECLAIM regulations are adopted. In such cases, ERCs could also be sold by plants that achieve emissions reductions, offsetting the costs of their technology investments. This paper explores an exhaustive list of compliance options for a single industry, describing how to collect data and compare options in terms of costs, commercial availability, and impacts on energy use, emissions, plant throughput or productivity, product quality control, and other characteristics relevant to selecting an option to implement. We discuss how the options are assembled into an array of coping strategies for environmental compliance. This work is part of an ongoing project to develop a database of regulations and technology options. (A major Southern California industry, in terms of energy use and emissions, will be selected in October and the work completed in December, in preparation for a broadened scope to the entire industrial sector.)

Kyricopoulos, P. F.; Dennison, W. J.

1994-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

264

Data:429e25db-bc07-4425-bf9b-3c4f4b227c58 | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Rate name: GST-1 General Service - Non-Demand (Optional Time of Use) (Primary Metering Voltage) Sector: Commercial Description: At the option of non-residential customers...

265

STAR-JET INTERACTIONS AND GAMMA-RAY OUTBURSTS FROM 3C454.3  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We propose a model to explain the ultra-bright GeV gamma-ray flares observed from the blazar 3C454.3. The model is based on the concept of a relativistic jet interacting with compact gas condensations produced when a star (a red giant) crosses the jet close to the central black hole. The study includes an analytical treatment of the evolution of the envelope lost by the star within the jet, and calculations of the related high-energy radiation. The model readily explains the day-long that varies on timescales of hours, GeV gamma-ray flare from 3C454.3, observed during 2010 November on top of a plateau lasting weeks. In the proposed scenario, the plateau state is caused by a strong wind generated by the heating of the stellar atmosphere due to nonthermal particles accelerated at the jet-star interaction region. The flare itself could be produced by a few clouds of matter lost by the red giant after the initial impact of the jet. In the framework of the proposed scenario, the observations constrain the key model parameters of the source, including the mass of the central black hole: M{sub BH} {approx_equal} 10{sup 9} M{sub Sun }, the total jet power: L{sub j} {approx_equal} 10{sup 48} erg s{sup -1}, and the Doppler factor of the gamma-ray emitting clouds: {delta} {approx_equal} 20. Whereas we do not specify the particle acceleration mechanisms, the potential gamma-ray production processes are discussed and compared in the context of the proposed model. We argue that synchrotron radiation of protons has certain advantages compared to other radiation channels of directlyaccelerated electrons. An injected proton distribution {proportional_to}E {sup -1} or harder below the relevant energies would be favored to alleviate the tight energetic constraints and to avoid the violation of the observational low-energy constraints.

Khangulyan, D. V. [Institute of Space and Astronautical Science/JAXA, 3-1-1 Yoshinodai, Chuo-ku, Sagamihara, Kanagawa 252-5210 (Japan); Barkov, M. V. [Max-Planck-Institut fuer Kernphysik, Saupfercheckweg 1, D-69117 Heidelberg (Germany); Bosch-Ramon, V. [Departament d'Astronomia i Meteorologia, Institut de Ciencies del Cosmos (ICC), Universitat de Barcelona (IEEC-UB), Marti i Franques 1, E-08028 Barcelona (Spain); Aharonian, F. A. [Dublin Institute for Advanced Studies, 31 Fitzwilliam Place, Dublin 2 (Ireland); Dorodnitsyn, A. V. [Laboratory for High Energy Astrophysics, NASA Goddard Space Flight Center, Code 662, Greenbelt, MD 20771 (United States)

2013-09-10T23:59:59.000Z

266

Data:Ee58432b-0ad2-4f50-819c-da3c10777497 | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Data Data Edit with form History Facebook icon Twitter icon » Data:Ee58432b-0ad2-4f50-819c-da3c10777497 No revision has been approved for this page. It is currently under review by our subject matter experts. Jump to: navigation, search Loading... 1. Basic Information 2. Demand 3. Energy << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> Basic Information Utility name: Duke Energy Ohio Inc Effective date: 2013/05/06 End date if known: Rate name: Rate - EH OPTIONAL RATE FOR ELECTRIC SPACE HEATING - Primary Voltage Sector: Commercial Description: Applicable to electric service for heating when customer's wiring is so arranged that heating service can be furnished at one point of delivery and can be metered separately from all other types of service or to any public school, parochial school, private school, or church when supplied at one point of delivery, provided permanently connected and regularly used electrical equipment is installed in compliance with the Company specifications as the primary source of heating or heating and cooling the atmosphere to temperatures of human comfort; and provided all other electrical energy requirements are purchased from the Company. For the purpose of the administration of this tariff schedule, primary source is defined as at least 90 percent (90%). No single water-heating unit shall be wired that the demand established by it can exceed 5.5 kilowatts unless approved by the Company.

267

HVAC Equipment Design Options for Near-Zero-Energy Homes - Scoping Assessment of Radiant Panel Distribution System Options  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Although the energy efficiency of heating, ventilating, and air-conditioning (HVAC) equipment has increased substantially in recent years, new approaches are needed to continue this trend. Conventional unitary equipment and system designs have matured to a point where cost-effective, dramatic efficiency improvements that meet near-zero-energy housing (NZEH) goals require a radical rethinking of opportunities to improve system performance. The large reductions in HVAC energy consumption necessary to support the NZEH goals require a systems-oriented analysis approach that characterizes each element of energy consumption, identifies alternatives, and determines the most cost-effective combination of options. In particular, HVAC equipment must be developed that addresses the range of special needs of NZEH applications in the areas of reduced HVAC and water heating energy use, humidity control, ventilation, uniform comfort, and ease of zoning. In FY05, ORNL conducted a scoping-level assessment of HVAC system options for NZEH homes (Baxter 2005). That report examined some twenty HVAC and water heating (HVAC/WH) systems in two 1800 ft2 houses--one constructed to Building America Research Benchmark standards and one a prototype NZEH. Both centrally ducted and two-zone systems were examined in that study. The highest scoring options using the ranking criteria described in that report were air-source and ground-source integrated heat pumps (IHP), and these were selected by DOE for further development. Among the feedback received to the FY05 report was a comment that systems using radiant panel (floor or ceiling) distribution options were not included among the system examined. This present report describes an assessment of a few such radiant panel systems under the same analysis and ranking criteria used in Baxter (2005). The rankings of the radiant system options reported herein are based on scoring by the team of building equipment researchers at ORNL. It is DOE's prerogative to revisit the criteria and obtain scoring from additional perspectives as part of its decision making process. If the criteria change, the ORNL team will be happy to re-score.

Baxter, Van David [ORNL

2007-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

268

MULTI-EPOCH OBSERVATIONS OF THE RED WING EXCESS IN THE SPECTRUM OF 3C 279  

SciTech Connect

It has been previously determined that there is a highly significant correlation between the spectral index from 10 GHz to 1350 A and the amount of excess luminosity in the red wing of quasar C IV {lambda}1549 broad emission lines (BELs). Ostensibly, the prominence of the red excess is associated with the radio jet emission mechanism and is most pronounced for lines of sight close to the jet axis. Studying the scant significant differences in the UV spectra of radio-loud and radio-quiet quasars might provide vital clues to the origin of the unknown process that creates powerful relativistic jets that appear in only about 10% of quasars. In this study, the phenomenon is explored with multi-epoch observations of the Mg II {lambda}2798 broad line in 3C 279 which has one of the largest known red wing excesses in a quasar spectrum. The amount of excess that is detected appears to be independent of all directly observed optical continuum, radio, or submillimeter properties (fluxes or polarizations). The only trend that occurs in this sparse data is: the stronger the BEL, the larger the fraction of flux that resides in the red wing. It is concluded that more monitoring is needed and spectropolarimetry with a large telescope is essential during low states to understand more.

Punsly, Brian, E-mail: brian.punsly@verizon.net, E-mail: brian.punsly@comdev-usa.com [1415 Granvia Altamira, Palos Verdes Estates, CA 90274 (United States); ICRANet, Piazza della Repubblica 10, I-65100 Pescara (Italy)

2013-01-10T23:59:59.000Z

269

Multi-Epoch Observations of the Redwing Excess in the Spectrum of 3C279  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

It has been previously determined that there is a highly significant correlation between the spectral index from 10 GHz to 1350 $\\AA$ and the amount of excess luminosity in the red wing of quasar CIV $\\lambda$1549 broad emission lines (BELs). Ostensibly, the prominence of the red excess is associated with the radio jet emission mechanism and is most pronounced for lines of sight close to the jet axis. Studying the scant significant differences in the UV spectra of radio loud and radio quiet quasars might provide vital clues to the origin of the unknown process that creates powerful relativistic jets that appear in only about ten percent of quasars. In this study, the phenomenon is explored with multi-epoch observations of the MgII $\\lambda$2798 broad line in 3C 279 which has one of the largest known redwing excesses in a quasar spectrum. The amount of excess that is detected appears to be independent of all directly observed optical continuum, radio or submm properties (fluxes or polarizations). The only tren...

Punsly, Brian

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

270

FIRST-PRINCIPLES CALCULATIONS OF INTRINSIC DEFECTS AND Mg TRANSMUTANTS IN 3C-SiC  

SciTech Connect

Silicon carbide (SiC) possesses many desirable attributes for applications in high-temperature and neutron radiation environments. These attributes include excellent dimensional and thermodynamic stability, low activation, high strength, and high thermal conductivity. Therefore, SiC based materials draw broad attention as structural materials for the first wall (FW) and blanket in fusion power plants. Under the severe high-energy neutron environment of D-T fusion systems, SiC suffers significant transmutation resulting in both gaseous and metallic transmutants. Recent calculations by Sawan, et al. [2] predict that at a fast neutron dose of ~100 dpa, there will be about 0.5 at% Mg generated in SiC through nuclear transmutation. Other transmutation products, including 0.15 at% Al, 0.2 at% Be and 2.2 at% He, also emerge. Formation and migration energies of point defects in 3C-SiC have been widely investigated using density functional theory (DFT). However, the properties of defects associated with transmutants are currently not well understood. Fundamental understanding of where the transmutation products go and how they affect microstructure evolution of SiC composites will help to predict property evolution and performance of SiC-based materials in fusion reactors.

Hu, Shenyang Y.; Setyawan, Wahyu; Van Ginhoven, Renee M.; Jiang, Weilin; Henager, Charles H.; Kurtz, Richard J.

2013-09-25T23:59:59.000Z

271

Chandra Discovery of an X-ray Jet and Lobes in 3C 15  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We report the Chandra detection of an X-ray jet in 3C 15. The peak of the X-ray emission in the jet is 4.1'' (a projected distance of 5.1 kpc) from the nucleus, and coincident with a component previously identified in the radio and optical jets. We examine four models for the X-ray jet emission: (I) weak synchrotron cooling in equip., (II) moderate synchrotron cooling in equip., (III) weak synchrotron plus SSC cooling, and (IV) moderate synchrotron plus SSC cooling. We argue that case (II) can most reasonably explain the overall emission from knot C. Case (III) is also possible, but requires a large departure from equipartition and for the jet power to be comparable to that of the brightest quasars. Diffuse X-ray emission has also been detected, distributed widely over the full extent (63kpc x 25kpc) of the radio lobes. We compare the total energy contained in the lobes with the jet power estimated from knot C, and discuss the energetic link between the jet and the lobes. We argue that the fueling time (t_fue...

Kataoka, J; Edwards, P G; Kino, M; Takahara, F; Serino, Y; Kawai, N; Martel, A R

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

272

First principles calculation of finite temperature magnetism in Fe and Fe3C  

SciTech Connect

Density functional calculations have proven to be a useful tool in the study of ground state properties of many materials. The investigation of finite temperature magnetism, on the other hand, has to rely usually on the usage of empirical models that allow the large number of evaluations of the systems Hamiltonian that are required to obtain the phase space sampling needed to obtain the free energy, specific heat, magnetization, susceptibility, and other quantities as function of temperature. We have demonstrated a solution to this problem that harnesses the computational power of today s large massively parallel computers by combining a classical Wang Landau Monte-Carlo calculation [F. Wang and D. P. Landau, Phys. Rev. Lett. 86, 2050 (2001)] with our first principles multiple scattering electronic structure code [Y. Wang et al., Phys. Rev. Lett. 75, 2867 (1995)] that allows the energy calculation of constrained magnetic states [M. Eisenbach et al., Proceedings of the Conference on High Performance Computing, Networking, Storage and Analysis (ACM, New York, 2009)]. We present our calculations of finite temperature properties of Fe and Fe3C using this approach and we find the Curie temperatures to be 980 and 425K, respectively. VC2011 American Institute of Physics. [doi:10.1063/1.3562218

Eisenbach, Markus [ORNL; Nicholson, Don M [ORNL; Rusanu, Aurelian [ORNL; Brown, Greg [ORNL

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

273

Exotic electricity options and the valuation of electricity generation and transmission assets  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Keywords: capacity valuation, electricity derivatives, electricity futures contract, exchange option, mean reversion, real options, spark spread

Shi-Jie Deng; Blake Johnson; Aram Sogomonian

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

274

Energy Efficiency Programs:Energy Efficiency Programs: Administration and Governance OptionsAdministration and Governance Options  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Energy Efficiency Programs:Energy Efficiency Programs: Administration and Governance Options Energy Efficiency programs?deliver Energy Efficiency programs? · General Administration and Coordination and Renewables Programs Board of Directors Northwest Energy Efficiency Alliance Regional Market Transformation

275

Investigation of Neptunium Precipitator Cleanout Options  

SciTech Connect

Oxalate precipitation followed by filtration is used to prepare plutonium oxalate. Historically, plutonium oxalate has tended to accumulate in the precipitation tanks. These solids are periodically removed by flushing with concentrated (64 percent) nitric acid. The same precipitation tanks will now be used in the processing of neptunium. Literature values indicate that neptunium oxalate may not be as soluble as plutonium oxalate in nitric acid. Although a wide variety of options is available to improve neptunium oxalate solubility for precipitator flushing, most of these options are not practical for use. Many of these options require the use of incompatible or difficult to handle chemicals. Other options would require expensive equipment modifications or are likely to lead to product contamination. Based on review of literature and experimental results, the two best options for flushing the precipitator are (1) 64 percent nitric acid and (2) addition of sodium permanganate follow ed by sodium nitrite. Nitric acid is the easiest option to implement. It is already used in the facility and will not lead to product contamination. Experimental results indicate that neptunium oxalate can be dissolved in concentrated nitric acid (64 percent) at 60 degree C to a concentration of 2.6 to 5.6 grams of Np/liter after at least three hours of heating. A lower concentration (1.1 grams of Np/liter) was measured at 60 degree C after less than two hours of heating. These concentrations are acceptable for flushing if precipitator holdup is low (approximately 100-250 grams), but a second method is required for effective flushing if precipitator holdup is high (approximately 2 kilograms). The most effective method for obtaining higher neptunium concentrations is the use of sodium permanganate followed by the addition of sodium nitrite. There is concern that residual manganese from these flushes could impact product purity. Gas generation during permanganate addition is also a concern. Experimental results indicate that a solubility of at least 40 grams of Np/liter can be obtained using permanganate at ambient temperature, although it is expected that even higher neptunium concentrations can be achieved.

Hill, B.C.

2003-09-08T23:59:59.000Z

276

Kitchen Ventilation Should be High Performance (Not Optional)  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Kitchen Ventilation Kitchen Ventilation Should be High Performance (not Optional) Brett C. Singer Residential Building Systems & Indoor Environment Groups Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory Building America Technical Update Denver, CO April 30, 2013 Acknowledgements PROGRAM SUPPORT *U.S. Department of Energy - Building America Program *U.S. Environmental Protection Agency - Indoor Environments Division *U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development - Office of Healthy Homes & Lead Hazard Control *California Energy Commission - Public Interest Energy Research Program TECHNICAL CONTRIBUTIONS *Woody Delp, Tosh Hotchi, Melissa Lunden, Nasim Mullen, Chris Stratton, Doug Sullivan, Iain Walker Kitchen Ventilation Simplified PROBLEM: * Cooking burners & cooking produce odors, moisture

277

The pipeline OQ Rule: Perspectives, options, and implementation  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The US Department of Transportation (DOT) Pipeline Safety: Qualification of Pipeline Personnel Rule, commonly termed the Operator Qualification (OQ) Rule, became law on October 26, 1999. The rule requires operators to develop a qualification program for pipeline personnel. Personnel must demonstrate proficiency and be able to react to abnormal operating conditions. the intent is to reduce pipeline incidents caused by human error by ensuring that pipeline personnel are qualified. This paper describes different perspectives on the need for the rule, constraints to its implementation, and options and resources available to pipeline operators.

Lewis, B.

2000-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

278

Best Practices and Design Options for Feed-in Tariffs | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Best Practices and Design Options for Feed-in Tariffs Best Practices and Design Options for Feed-in Tariffs Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary Name: Best Practices and Design Options for Feed-in Tariffs Agency/Company /Organization: International Feed-in Cooperation Sector: Energy Focus Area: Renewable Energy Topics: Policies/deployment programs Resource Type: Publications, Lessons learned/best practices References: Evaluation of different feed-in tariff design options - Best practice paper for the International Feed-In Cooperation[1] Introduction.....1 2 Overview.....2 2.1 Definition of renewable energy sources.....2 2.2 Present status and historic development of RES-E in the EU.....2 2.3 Motivation to support RES-E and Member State targets.....5 2.4 Instruments to support RES-E....7 2.5 The International Feed-In Cooperation....8

279

News Release: Energy Department Signs Option and Lease for Durango Solar  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Signs Option and Lease for Durango Signs Option and Lease for Durango Solar Project News Release: Energy Department Signs Option and Lease for Durango Solar Project September 12, 2012 - 2:18pm Addthis News Contact: DOE, Jalena Dayvault, Durango Site Manager (970) 248-6016 jalena.dayvault@lm.doe.gov DOE, Deborah Barr, Reuse Program Manager (970) 248-6550 deborah.barr@lm.doe.gov Contractor, Judy Miller, S.M. Stoller Corporation Public Affairs (970) 248-6363 judy.miller@lm.doe.gov GRAND JUNCTION, Colo. - The U.S. Department of Energy today announced completion of initial steps toward developing a solar energy facility on a uranium mill tailings disposal site in southwestern Colorado. The DOE Office of Legacy Management and American Capital Energy have agreed to a three-year option on a lease of up to 25 years on the surface of the

280

Introduction to off grid energy options for RE systems | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Introduction to off grid energy options for RE systems Introduction to off grid energy options for RE systems Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: Introduction to off grid energy options for RE systems Agency/Company /Organization: Alternative Energy Sector: Energy Focus Area: Renewable Energy Phase: Evaluate Options Topics: Co-benefits assessment, - Energy Access Resource Type: Guide/manual User Interface: Website Website: www.altenergy.org/Glossary/intro.html Cost: Free Language: English This guide is designed to help those who require modern energy-consuming equipment in off-grid areas and who must select appropriate power equipment. Rural development is greatly enhanced by the availability of decent lighting, pumping, refrigeration and audio-visual/communication tools. There is a wide variety of equipment available to meet these needs.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "development options 3c" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


281

Final Report - Hydrogen Delivery Infrastructure Options Analysis  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

The Power of Experience The Power of Experience Final Report Hydrogen Delivery Infrastructure Options Analysis DOE Award Number: DE-FG36-05GO15032 Project director/principal investigator: Tan-Ping Chen Consortium/teaming Partners: Air Liquide, Chevron Technology Venture, Gas Technology Institute, NREL, Tiax, ANL Hydrogen Delivery Infrastructure Options Analysis ii TABLE OF CONTENTS SECTION 1 EXECUTIVE SUMMARY ........................................................................... 1-1 1.1 HOW THE RESEARCH ADDS TO THE UNDERSTANDING OF THE AREA INVESTIGATED. 1-1 1.2 TECHNICAL EFFECTIVENESS AND ECONOMIC FEASIBILITY OF THE METHODS OR TECHNIQUES INVESTIGATED OR DEMONSTRATED .................................................... 1-1 1.3 HOW THE PROJECT IS OF BENEFIT TO THE PUBLIC..................................................... 1-1

282

Solar Photovoltaics Expanding Electric Generation Options  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

EPRI and others have demonstrated that a broad portfolio of cost-competitive supply technologies will be needed to satisfy the world's rising demands for energy while meeting climate policy and other societal objectives. Solar energy is a particularly attractive renewable energy option because it is well distributed and abundant over most of the earth's surface. This White Paper reviews the status of PV technology and markets, the potential for evolutionary and revolutionary technology advances, the iss...

2007-12-21T23:59:59.000Z

283

MULTIWAVELENGTH VARIATIONS OF 3C 454.3 DURING THE 2010 NOVEMBER TO 2011 JANUARY OUTBURST  

SciTech Connect

We present multiwavelength data of the blazar 3C 454.3 obtained during an extremely bright outburst from 2010 November through 2011 January. These include flux density measurements with the Herschel Space Observatory at five submillimeter-wave and far-infrared bands, the Fermi Large Area Telescope at {gamma}-ray energies, Swift at X-ray, ultraviolet (UV), and optical frequencies, and the Submillimeter Array at 1.3 mm. From this data set, we form a series of 52 spectral energy distributions (SEDs) spanning nearly two months that are unprecedented in time coverage and breadth of frequency. Discrete correlation analysis of the millimeter, far-infrared, and {gamma}-ray light curves show that the variations were essentially simultaneous, indicative of cospatiality of the emission, at these wavebands. In contrast, differences in short-term fluctuations at various wavelengths imply the presence of inhomogeneities in physical conditions across the source. We locate the site of the outburst in the parsec-scale 'core', whose flux density as measured on 7 mm Very Long Baseline Array images increased by 70% during the first five weeks of the outburst. Based on these considerations and guided by the SEDs, we propose a model in which turbulent plasma crosses a conical standing shock in the parsec-scale region of the jet. Here, the high-energy emission in the model is produced by inverse Compton scattering of seed photons supplied by either nonthermal radiation from a Mach disk, thermal emission from hot dust, or (for X-rays) synchrotron radiation from plasma that crosses the standing shock. For the two dates on which we fitted the model SED to the data, the model corresponds very well to the observations at all bands except at X-ray energies, where the spectrum is flatter than observed.

Wehrle, Ann E. [Space Science Institute, 4750 Walnut Street, Suite 205, Boulder, CO 80301 (United States); Marscher, Alan P.; Jorstad, Svetlana G.; Joshi, Manasvita; MacDonald, Nicholas R.; Williamson, Karen E.; Agudo, Ivan [Department of Astronomy, Boston University, 725 Commonwealth Avenue, Boston, MA 02215 (United States); Gurwell, Mark A. [Harvard-Smithsonian Center for Astrophysics, MS 42, 60 Garden Street, Cambridge, MA 02138 (United States); Grupe, Dirk, E-mail: awehrle@spacescience.org [Department of Astronomy and Astrophysics, Pennsylvania State University, 525 Davey Lab, University Park, PA 16802 (United States)

2012-10-20T23:59:59.000Z

284

The faint X-ray Source Population near 3C 295  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We present a statistical analysis of the Chandra observation of the source field around the 3C 295 galaxy cluster (z=0.46) aimed at the search for clustering of X-ray sources. We applied three different methods of analysis, all suggesting a strong clustering in the field on scales of a few arcmin. In particular 1) the logN-logS computed separately for the four ACIS-I chips reveals that there is a significant (3.2 sigma in the 0.5-2 keV, 3.3 sigma in the 2-10 keV and 4.0 sigma in the 0.5-10 keV band) excess of sources to the North-North East and a void to the South of the central cluster. 2) the two point, two-dimensional Kolmogorov-Smirnov (KS) test, shows the probability that the sources are uniformly distributed is only a few percent. 3) a strong spatial correlation emerges from the study of the angular correlation function of the field: the angular correlation function (ACF) shows a clear signal on scales of 0.5 - 5 arcmin, correlation angle in the 0.5-7 keV band theta = 8.5^{+6.5}_{-4.5}, 90% confidence limit (assuming a power law ACF with slope gamma=1.8). This correlation angle is 2 times higher than that of a sample of 8 ACIS-I field at the 2.5 sigma confidence level. The above scales translate to 0.2 - 2 Mpc at the cluster redshift, higher than the typical cluster core radius, and more similar to the size of a ``filament'' of the large scale structure.

Valerio D'Elia; Fabrizio Fiore; Martin Elvis; Massimo Cappi; Smita Mathur; Pasquale Mazzotta; Emilio Falco; Filomena Cocchia

2004-03-17T23:59:59.000Z

285

Chandra Discovery of an X-ray Jet and Lobes in 3C 15  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We report the Chandra detection of an X-ray jet in 3C 15. The peak of the X-ray emission in the jet is 4.1'' (a projected distance of 5.1 kpc) from the nucleus, and coincident with a component previously identified in the radio and optical jets. We examine four models for the X-ray jet emission: (I) weak synchrotron cooling in equip., (II) moderate synchrotron cooling in equip., (III) weak synchrotron plus SSC cooling, and (IV) moderate synchrotron plus SSC cooling. We argue that case (II) can most reasonably explain the overall emission from knot C. Case (III) is also possible, but requires a large departure from equipartition and for the jet power to be comparable to that of the brightest quasars. Diffuse X-ray emission has also been detected, distributed widely over the full extent (63kpc x 25kpc) of the radio lobes. We compare the total energy contained in the lobes with the jet power estimated from knot C, and discuss the energetic link between the jet and the lobes. We argue that the fueling time (t_fuel) and the source age (t_src) are comparable for case (II), whereas t_fuel thermal galaxy halo and non-thermal relativistic electrons in the radio lobes. Finally, we show that the X-ray emission from the nucleus is not adequately fitted by a simple absorbed power-law model, but needs an additional power-law with heavy absorption intrinsic to the source. Such a high column density is consistent with the presence of a dense, dusty torus which obscures the quasar nucleus.

J. Kataoka; J. P. Leahy; P. G. Edwards; M. Kino; F. Takahara; Y. Serino; N. Kawai; A. R. Martel

2003-08-12T23:59:59.000Z

286

Power Supply Options for Data Centers  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Power Supply Options for Data Centers Power Supply Options for Data Centers Title Power Supply Options for Data Centers Publication Type Report LBNL Report Number LBNL-63339 Year of Publication 2007 Authors Tschudi, William F., and Charles H. Williams Call Number LBNL-63339 Abstract For many federal facilities, the fastest growing end-use of electric energy is found in concentrations of computing capacity commonly known as data centers. For these users, the critical importance of information processing to their agency mission will present a serious challenge to meeting the aggressive new energy efficiency goals in Executive Order 13423. Federal energy managers can find a variety of methods for reducing energy intensity, in both design and operations, for these high-technology facilities . This report summarizes a recent demonstration of one such technique ? configuring power supply systems for data centers so that they use DC (direct current) power throughout, eliminating the conventional practice of multiple conversions from utility-supplied AC (alternating current) to DC and back again at every stage of the power supply system. This eliminates both the power loss and heat generated by each such conversion (which drives air conditioning energy use).

287

Local Option - Rural Renewable Energy Development Zones | Department...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Eligible property includes either wind, geothermal, solar, biomass, or other unconventional forms of electricity generation, or systems that produce, distribute or store...

288

Analysis of sustainable water supply options for Kuwait  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This thesis considers several options for improving the sustainability of Kuwait's water supply system. The country currently relies heavily on desalination and brackish groundwater extraction. The options considered for ...

Murtaugh, Katharine A. (Katharine Ann)

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

289

The delivery option in mortgage backed security valuation simulations  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A delivery option exists in mortgage-backed security market, which has not been considered in existing mortgage pricing simulation literature. We explain the delivery option in the "To Be Announced" trade. We discuss how the presence of the delivery ...

Scott Gregory Chastain; Jian Chen

2005-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

290

Security is Not an Option | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Security is Not an Option Security is Not an Option A 10-year roadmap for achieving control system cyber security in the energy industry has been hailed as a model for other...

291

Attachment 6 Volume V Pricing Matrix for Optional Enhancements...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Attachment 6 Volume V Pricing Matrix for Optional Enhancements.xls&0; Attachment 6 Volume V Pricing Matrix for Optional Enhancements.xls&0; Attachment 6 Volume V Pricing Matrix...

292

Comparison of Options for a Pilot Plant Fusion Nuclear Mission  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A fusion pilot plant study was initiated to clarify the development needs in moving from ITER to a first of a kind fusion power plant, following a path similar to the approach adopted for the commercialization of fission. The pilot plant mission encompassed component test and fusion nuclear science missions plus the requirement to produce net electricity with high availability in a device designed to be prototypical of the commercial device. Three magnetic configuration options were developed around this mission: the advanced tokamak (AT), spherical tokamak (ST) and compact stellarator (CS). With the completion of the study and separate documentation of each design option a question can now be posed; how do the different designs compare with each other as candidates for meeting the pilot plant mission? In a pro/con format this paper will examine the key arguments for and against the AT, ST and CS magnetic configurations. Key topics addressed include: plasma parameters, device configurations, size and weight comparisons, diagnostic issues, maintenance schemes, availability influences and possible test cell arrangement schemes.

Brown, T; Goldston, R J; El-Guebaly, L; Kessel, C; Neilson, G H; Malang, S; Menard, J E; Prager, S; Waganer, L; Titus, P

2012-08-27T23:59:59.000Z

293

Local Option - Renewable Energy Financing District/Solar Energy...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Solar Energy Improvement Special Assessments Local Option - Renewable Energy Financing DistrictSolar Energy Improvement Special Assessments < Back Eligibility Commercial...

294

The Effect of Grain Size and Phosphorous-doping of Polycrystalline 3C-SiC on Infrared Reflectance Spectra  

SciTech Connect

The effect of P-doping and grain size of polycrystalline 3C-SiC on the infrared reflectance spectra is reported. The relationship between grain size and full width at half maximum (FWHM) suggest that the behaviour of the 3C-SiC with the highest phosphorous doping level (of 1.2 x 10{sup 19} at. cm{sup -3}) is different from those with lower doping levels (< 6.6 x 10{sup 18} at. cm{sup -3}). It is also further demonstrated that the plasma resonance frequency (w{sub p}) is not influenced by the grain size.

I. J. van Rooyen; J. A. A. Engelbrecht; A. Henry; E. Janzen; J. H. Neethling; P. M. van Rooyen

2012-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

295

A Tool for the Analysis of Real Options in Sustainability Improvement Projects  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The major challenges in sustainable implementation are the financial issue and uncertainties. The traditional financial budgeting approach that is commonly used to evaluate sustainable projects normally neglects future decisions that might need to be made over the course of a project. The real options approach has been suggested as a tool for strategic decision making because it can provide flexibility which can increase the project value. Researchers have been trying to identify the potential of the real options approach, and provide the frameworks for a real options evaluation and flexible strategy in sustainability improvement. However, some important variables and financial impacts explanation of real options are missing. Models can be improved to show the variation of possible project values along with its behavior. This work aims to improve the real options model in sustainable projects to provide understanding about the financial impacts of flexible strategy to sustainable improvement projects and to be used as a tool to assist decision making. The results showed that real options can have a positive financial impact to the project. The extension of this model can assist the analysis and development of decision policies.

Boonchanta, Napon

2012-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

296

Data:244966b1-7125-4237-ae9c-3afd6a3c7cd2 | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

6b1-7125-4237-ae9c-3afd6a3c7cd2 6b1-7125-4237-ae9c-3afd6a3c7cd2 No revision has been approved for this page. It is currently under review by our subject matter experts. Jump to: navigation, search Loading... 1. Basic Information 2. Demand 3. Energy << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> Basic Information Utility name: Northern Indiana Pub Serv Co Effective date: 2011/12/27 End date if known: Rate name: Street Light - 250 watt MV - Customer Owned Sector: Lighting Description: TO WHOM AVAILABLE Available for street, highway and billboard lighting service to Customers for lighting systems located on electric supply lines of the Company which are suitable and adequate for supplying the service requested, subject to the conditions set forth in this Rate Schedule and the Company Rules. RATE OPTIONS Lamp Charge: Customer-Owned Equipment Maintained by the Customer Applicable to Customers with Customer-owned equipment maintained by the Customer. Lamp Charge: Customer-Owned Equipment Maintained by the Company Applicable to Customers on Rates 880 and 899 as of the date of the final Order in Cause No. 43969 with Customer-Owned equipment for the purposes of maintenance under the following rule: Company will repair and/or replace and maintain all equipment owned by Company which may be necessary to provide a continuous supply of electrical Energy to the point of connection of Company's property with the lighting system of Customer. Company shall also replace at its own cost and expense, on request of the Customer, all defective or burned-out lamps and all broken glassware of the street lighting system owned by Customer, and such replacement lamps and glassware shall be the property of Customer, but Company will not maintain at its own cost and expense any other part of the street lighting system of Customer. Company will, where practicable, furnish necessary materials and do the work of maintaining any other part of the lighting system whenever the Customer shall by written order request Company so to do. The cost and expense of such materials and work shall be borne by the Customer. Lamp Charge: Company-Owned Equipment Maintained by the Company Applicable to Customers with Company-owned equipment maintained by the Company.

297

Rolling Up a Put Option as Prices Increase  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Agricultural producers use put options to protect themselves against declining prices. The technique of "rolling up a put option, explained in this publication, allows the producer to raise the minimum expected selling price of a put option. Detailed examples are given for using this marketing method.

Johnson, Jason; Polk, Wade

2008-10-07T23:59:59.000Z

298

Hybrid or electric vehicles? A real options perspective  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper investigates the decision of an automaker concerning the alternative promotion of a hybrid vehicle (HV) and a full electric vehicle (EV). We evaluate the HV project by considering the option to change promotion from the HV to the EV in the ... Keywords: Alternative projects, American options on multiple assets, Exercise region, Hybrid and electric vehicles, Real options

Michi Nishihara

2010-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

299

OPTIONS FOR ABATING GREENHOUSE GASES FROM EXHAUST STREAMS.  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

This report examines different alternatives for replacing, treating, and recycling greenhouse gases. It is concluded that treatment (abatement) is the only viable short-term option. Three options for abatement that were tested for use in semiconductor facilities are reviewed, and their performance and costs compared. This study shows that effective abatement options are available to the photovoltaic (PV) industry, at reasonable cost.

FTHENAKIS,V.

2001-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

300

DATA TRANSMISSION OPTIONS FOR VMT DATA AND FEE COLLECTION CENTERS  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

DATA TRANSMISSION OPTIONS FOR VMT DATA AND FEE COLLECTION CENTERS by Robert L. Bertini Kerri Date November 2002 4. Title and Subtitle DATA TRANSMISSION OPTIONS FOR VMT DATA AND FEE COLLECTION). The objectives of this report are to analyze data transmission options and provide cost estimates for VMT data

Bertini, Robert L.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "development options 3c" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


301

Automated Surface Observing System: Standby Power Options  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Automated Automated Surface Observing System Standby Options Power Automated Surface Observing System (ASOS) General System Description * Self contained group of sensors and data gathering equipment that produces an automated weather observation * Weather observations support aviation, climate data, non government weather operations, public consumption, etc. * Initial deployment began in 1991 and continued through 1997 * Located at 884 sites nationwide, normally at airports * System has two distinct subsystems: Field installed equipment (DCP & Sensor Group) and an indoor processor (ACU) with peripherals * Separate facility power for DCP & Sensors and ACU 1 * measure and collect data * Located on the airport * back up group for 10 minutes * Currently pl

302

Economic Options for Upgrading Waste Heat  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

There are at least six major types of equipment that upgrade waste heat: (1) thermocompressor; (2) electric drive compressor heat pump; (3) absorption heat pump; (4) high temperature heat powered compressor heat pump; (5) reverse absorption heat pump; and (6) waste heat driven compressor heat pump. Some of these are not widely known, and there has been a tendency to ascribe the characteristics and limitations of the most well-known member to all members of the group. This paper demonstrates the wide variation that actually exists between the different options, and highlights the considerations necessary to ensure the most economic choice for a particular application.

Erickson, D. C.

1983-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

303

G:\\ISSS\\ORIENTATION\\129 Orientation\\Pre-Arrival\\KCI Transportation Option F2012.doc Transportation Option #1  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

G:\\ISSS\\ORIENTATION\\129 Orientation\\Pre-Arrival\\KCI Transportation Option F2012.doc Transportation the last week of July or first three weeks of August, free shuttle transportation will be available through://www.iss.ku.edu/prearrival/getting-to-ku.shtml. Availability for this option is limited and fills quickly. Transportation Option #2 You can make your own

Peterson, Blake R.

304

G:\\ISSS\\ORIENTATION\\122 Orientation\\Pre-Arrival\\KCI Transportation Option S2012.doc Transportation Option #1  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

G:\\ISSS\\ORIENTATION\\122 Orientation\\Pre-Arrival\\KCI Transportation Option S2012.doc Transportation the last week of December or first two weeks of January, free shuttle transportation will be available://www.iss.ku.edu/prearrival/getting-to-ku.shtml. Availability for this option is limited and fills quickly. Transportation Option #2 You can make your own

Peterson, Blake R.

305

Identifying Project Potential and Options Webinar | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Identifying Project Potential and Options Webinar Identifying Project Potential and Options Webinar Identifying Project Potential and Options Webinar April 30, 2014 11:00AM MDT Attendees will understand the components of identifying energy project potential and options. Presenters will discuss market considerations, initial site considerations, project savings or rate-of-return estimates, production potential, final site selection, tribal options, finance, partnerships, and participation processes. Attendees will also become familiar with data gathering and analysis procedures such as tribal facility electric cost data, regulations, and interconnection requirements; paths to market for project power; and renewable sales, risks; and utility rules. By following the steps outlined in the webinar, Tribes can determine

306

Empowering Variable Renewables: Options for Flexible Electricity Systems |  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Empowering Variable Renewables: Options for Flexible Electricity Systems Empowering Variable Renewables: Options for Flexible Electricity Systems Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: Empowering Variable Renewables: Options for Flexible Electricity Systems Agency/Company /Organization: International Energy Agency Sector: Energy Focus Area: Renewable Energy Topics: Market analysis, Technology characterizations Resource Type: Publications Website: www.iea.org/g8/2008/Empowering_Variable_Renewables.pdf Empowering Variable Renewables: Options for Flexible Electricity Systems Screenshot References: Empowering Variable Renewables: Options for Flexible Electricity Systems[1] Summary "Increasing the share of renewables in energy portfolios is a key tool in the drive to reduce anthropogenic carbon dioxide emissions, as well as

307

Data:2b0f3c0b-1e24-47bc-a194-f0c405ea96f4 | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

f3c0b-1e24-47bc-a194-f0c405ea96f4 f3c0b-1e24-47bc-a194-f0c405ea96f4 No revision has been approved for this page. It is currently under review by our subject matter experts. Jump to: navigation, search Loading... 1. Basic Information 2. Demand 3. Energy << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> Basic Information Utility name: Jacksonville Electric Authority Effective date: 2012/01/01 End date if known: Rate name: IS Option A Interruptible Service Rider Primary Service Discount Sector: Description: Option A - Single Price with Peaking Price Rolled-In Primary Service Discount will be allowed for service taken at 4160 volts or higher, but less than 69000 volts when the customer provides all the equipment required to take service at JEA's existing primary lines. To all customers eligible for Rate Schedules SS or GSLD, whose accounts have an average load factor equal to or exceeding 35%, and who have executed an Interruptible Service Agreement with JEA. JEA reserves the right to limit the total load served under this rider. All service hereunder will be rendered through a single metering installation and may be completely interrupted by JEA. Resale of energy purchased under this rider is not permitted. Interruptible service under this rider is subject to interruption during any time period that electric power and energy delivered hereunder from JEA's available generating resources is required to a) maintain service to JEA's firm power customers and firm power sales commitments, or b) supply emergency Interchange service to another utility for its firm load obligations only, or c) when the price of power available to JEA from other sources exceeds 30 cents per kWh.

308

Evaluating home heating options in Krakow  

SciTech Connect

The city of Krakow, Poland, has poor air quality due, in part, to widespread use of coal for heating. Engineering analyses have been conducted to determine the technical feasibility and capital costs for a number of options for reducing pollution from home heating sources. Capital costs range from $90 per kilowatt (kW) to connect local boiler-houses to the district heating system to $227/kW to upgrade the electrical system and convert coal stoves to electric heat. Air quality analyses have estimated the reduction in pollutant emissions as well as in pollutant concentrations that would result from implementing the options under consideration. Significant reductions can be obtained at a lower cost by using briquettes instead of coal in home stoves than by converting the stoves to electricity or gas. Finally, incentives analyses are examining the cost-effectiveness of the various alternatives and identifying possible incentives that the city could provide to encourage adoption of less-polluting technologies and practices.

Bleda, J.; Nedoma, J.; Bardel, J.; Pierce, B.

1995-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

309

Cementitious waste option scoping study report  

SciTech Connect

A Settlement Agreement between the Department of Energy (DOE) and the State of Idaho mandates that all high-level radioactive waste (HLW) now stored at the Idaho Chemical Processing Plant (ICPP) on the Idaho National Engineering and Environmental Laboratory (INEEL) will be treated so that it is ready to be moved out of Idaho for disposal by a target date of 2035. This study investigates the nonseparations Cementitious Waste Option (CWO) as a means to achieve this goal. Under this option all liquid sodium-bearing waste (SBW) and existing HLW calcine would be recalcined with sucrose, grouted, canisterized, and interim stored as a mixed-HLW for eventual preparation and shipment off-Site for disposal. The CWO waste would be transported to a Greater Confinement Disposal Facility (GCDF) located in the southwestern desert of the US on the Nevada Test Site (NTS). All transport preparation, shipment, and disposal facility activities are beyond the scope of this study. CWO waste processing, packaging, and interim storage would occur over a 5-year period between 2013 and 2017. Waste transport and disposal would occur during the same time period.

Lee, A.E.; Taylor, D.D.

1998-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

310

Energy storage options for space power  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Including energy storage in a space power supply enhances the feasibility of using thermal power cycles (Rankine or Brayton) and providing high-power pulses. Review of storage options (superconducting magnets, capacitors, electrochemical batteries, thermal phase-change materials (PCM), and flywheels) suggests that flywheels and phase-change devices hold the most promise. Latent heat storage using inorganic salts and metallic eutectics offers thermal energy storage densities of 1500 to 2000 kJ/kg at temperatures to 1675/sup 0/K. Innovative techniques allow these media to operate in direct contact with the heat engine working fluid. Enhancing thermal conductivity and/or modifying PCM crystallization habit provide other options. Flywheels of low-strain graphite and Kevlar fibers have achieved mechanical energy storage densities of 300 kJ/kg. With high-strain graphite fibers, storage densities appropriate to space power needs (approx. 550 kJ/kg) seem feasible. Coupling advanced flywheels with emerging high power density homopolar generators and compulsators could result in electric pulse-power storage modules of significantly higher energy density.

Hoffman, H.W.; Martin, J.F.; Olszewski, M.

1985-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

311

Greenhouse gas mitigation options for Washington State  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

President Clinton, in 1993, established a goal for the United States to return emissions of greenhouse gases to 1990 levels by the year 2000. One effort established to help meet this goal was a three part Environmental Protection Agency state grant program. Washington State completed part one of this program with the release of the 1990 greenhouse gas emissions inventory and 2010 projected inventory. This document completes part two by detailing alternative greenhouse gas mitigation options. In part three of the program EPA, working in partnership with the States, may help fund innovative greenhouse gas reduction strategies. The greenhouse gas control options analyzed in this report have a wide range of greenhouse gas reductions, costs, and implementation requirements. In order to select and implement a prudent mix of control strategies, policy makers need to have some notion of the potential change in climate, the consequences of that change and the uncertainties contained therein. By understanding the risks of climate change, policy makers can better balance the use of scarce public resources for concerns that are immediate and present against those that affect future generations. Therefore, prior to analyzing alternative greenhouse gas control measures, this report briefly describes the phenomenon and uncertainties of global climate change, and then projects the likely consequences for Washington state.

Garcia, N.

1996-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

312

Evaluating and selecting options for oil refit programs  

SciTech Connect

Brookhaven National Laboratory (BNL) Oil Refit Program provides technical support for the US Department of Energy (DOE) Fuel Oil Conservation Marketing Demonstration Program implemented in several states (designed to accelerate the use of fuel saving devices and systems by homeowners). BNL assisted with the planning and implementation of the marketing and grants option phases for the New York State Pilot Marketing Demonstration Program and is monitoring the results. Additionally BNL planned, and is implementing, the Oil Refit Option Qualification Program involving procedures for evaluating refit options for selection, field testing, and quantifying fuel savings for the purpose of qualifying additional options for use in the DOE state and other marketing programs. The BNL approach for the evaluation of options on a comparative basis is shown and the potential for optimizing fuel savings by combining available single-choice refit options is examined. Also shown are the estimated fuel savings for each option installed.

Hoppe, R.; Graves, W.; Salzano, F.J.

1980-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

313

FAQ 25-What are the options for managing depleted uranium in...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

options for managing depleted uranium in the future? What are the options for managing depleted uranium in the future? The options for managing depleted uranium were evaluated in...

314

Data:3e4a6784-9033-4e54-a168-e13c2fe5ca3c | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

a6784-9033-4e54-a168-e13c2fe5ca3c a6784-9033-4e54-a168-e13c2fe5ca3c No revision has been approved for this page. It is currently under review by our subject matter experts. Jump to: navigation, search Loading... 1. Basic Information 2. Demand 3. Energy << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> Basic Information Utility name: Edgecombe-Martin County E M C Effective date: 2006/08/01 End date if known: Rate name: SUBDIVISION STREET LIGHTING SCHEDULE MV 175 W 4 Lots Sector: Lighting Description: Type: MV 175 W AVAILABILITY: Available in all territory served by the Cooperative, subject to the Cooperative's established Service Rules and Regulations. This is an experimental rate. Participation is limited to four developments during the first year trial period. APPLICABILITY: This schedule is applicable for lighting of residential streets within residential subdivisions. Applicability is limited to residential subdivisions consisting of single family dwellings where permanent electric facilities have been installed, located outside of the corporate limits of a city or town where installations are not prevented or regulated by any governmental unit having jurisdiction.

315

Data:82badc3c-258e-43ba-b0a9-2a665889fade | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

badc3c-258e-43ba-b0a9-2a665889fade badc3c-258e-43ba-b0a9-2a665889fade No revision has been approved for this page. It is currently under review by our subject matter experts. Jump to: navigation, search Loading... 1. Basic Information 2. Demand 3. Energy << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> Basic Information Utility name: Edgecombe-Martin County E M C Effective date: 2006/08/01 End date if known: Rate name: SUBDIVISION STREET LIGHTING SCHEDULE LED 44 W 7 Lots Sector: Lighting Description: 7 Lots per light Type: MV 400 W AVAILABILITY: Available in all territory served by the Cooperative, subject to the Cooperative's established Service Rules and Regulations. This is an experimental rate. Participation is limited to four developments during the first year trial period. APPLICABILITY: This schedule is applicable for lighting of residential streets within residential subdivisions. Applicability is limited to residential subdivisions consisting of single family dwellings where permanent electric facilities have been installed, located outside of the corporate limits of a city or town where installations are not prevented or regulated by any governmental unit having jurisdiction.

316

Using Real Options Theory to Evaluate Strategic Investment Options for Mobile Content Delivery: A Case Study  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

With a rich fare of localized content, but limited regional media outlet channels, mobile content generates new business opportunities for Media News, a small media company with considerable growth potential. Two business models are considered: partnering ... Keywords: Decision-Making, Mobile Content Services, News Media, Real Options, Valuation

Divakaran Liginlal; Lara Khansa; Stella C. Chia

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

317

Data:6f092e9a-3dd1-4e56-9b3b-2f7e3e7e3c08 | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

a-3dd1-4e56-9b3b-2f7e3e7e3c08 a-3dd1-4e56-9b3b-2f7e3e7e3c08 No revision has been approved for this page. It is currently under review by our subject matter experts. Jump to: navigation, search Loading... 1. Basic Information 2. Demand 3. Energy << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> Basic Information Utility name: Moon Lake Electric Assn Inc Effective date: 2004/12/01 End date if known: Rate name: GREENWAY RATE FOR SCHEDULE R AND SCHEDULE GS-1 50% V2 Sector: Description: The green (renewable) power option is available to Residential (Schedule R) customers and General Service (Schedule GS-1) customers. NOTE: The greenway rate is a flat rate fee paid IN ADDITION to the fees from Schedules R and/or GS-1. $.0185 x .50 = $.00925 per kWh x monthly usage Source or reference: http://www.moonlakeelectric.com/rates.html

318

Data:A2ffd5d6-9478-4b3c-9c2f-0e4fbfef6d6e | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

d6-9478-4b3c-9c2f-0e4fbfef6d6e d6-9478-4b3c-9c2f-0e4fbfef6d6e No revision has been approved for this page. It is currently under review by our subject matter experts. Jump to: navigation, search Loading... 1. Basic Information 2. Demand 3. Energy << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> Basic Information Utility name: Duke Energy Indiana Inc Effective date: 2009/09/14 End date if known: Rate name: AL - 150 watt HPS - Cone Sector: Lighting Description: Availability This rate schedule is no longer available after September 1, 2004. Potential lighting customers wanting a lighting system installed and maintained by Company can do so via the Outdoor Lighting Equipment agreement (OLE). Potential customers should contact a Company account representative for further information concerning OLE options. This rate schedule terminates May 1, 2014. Customers currently being provided service under this rate schedule can continue being provided service under this rate schedule until their contract expires or this rate schedule terminates, whichever occurs first.

319

Data:F69d4fd1-787a-4bbd-a70e-937f0d3c0e54 | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

fd1-787a-4bbd-a70e-937f0d3c0e54 fd1-787a-4bbd-a70e-937f0d3c0e54 No revision has been approved for this page. It is currently under review by our subject matter experts. Jump to: navigation, search Loading... 1. Basic Information 2. Demand 3. Energy << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> Basic Information Utility name: Columbia River Peoples Ut Dist Effective date: 2011/10/01 End date if known: Rate name: Street and Highway Lighting 150w Sodium Vapor Sector: Lighting Description: Monthly Charge: Includes energy costs only, with the Customer having paid the installation costs and the periodic maintenance costs. Contract Options: For services beyond energy only, the PUD offers standard contracts for maintenance and contracts to finance Customer's street lighting installations. All applicable BPA Power Cost Adjustment charges per Rate Schedule 94 shall apply to all kWh's billed to Customers under this Rate Schedule.

320

Environmental issues relating to fossil energy technology options  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The Office of Fossil Energy has prepared a report on fossil technology options available to reduce oil imports. It identifies energy processes ready for immediate deployment (called first wave) and those that, after further development, would provide substantial benefits over the first wave. The latter (called second wave) technologies could be in commercial use in the late 1980s. The status of environmental readiness for each of these fossil technologies is addressed in this report. Primary environmental concerns and environmental research required concurrent with fossil technology development and commercial operation are described herein and presented in conformance to the organization of the fossil options paper. In instances where environmental issues for related technologies are identical or nearly so, we have attempted to avoid redundancy. Although many environmental concerns have been recognized and are being dealt with for each technology, some areas of concern must receive continued attention. These are briefly mentioned in this introduction. Further details, specific to each technology, are in the appropriate sections of the report. Research is continuing on both health and ecological effects of coal combustion and gasification. Having identified cancer-producing elements in airborne particulates, the Environmental protection Agency (EPA) is developing a standard for respirable range particulates. With regard to the synthetic fuels, one of the major concerns is the health and safety aspects of the coal liquid products. It is known, for example, that some coal-derived liquids that have undergone only minimal processing or upgrading do contain carcinogens. Environmental effects in other fossil energy areas such as oil shale processing, enhanced oil recovery, etc., are discussed.

Not Available

1979-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "development options 3c" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
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321

Enrichment Zoning Options for the Small Nuclear Rocket Engine (SNRE)  

SciTech Connect

Advancement of U.S. scientific, security, and economic interests through a robust space exploration program requires high performance propulsion systems to support a variety of robotic and crewed missions beyond low Earth orbit. In NASA’s recent Mars Design Reference Architecture (DRA) 5.0 study (NASA-SP-2009-566, July 2009), nuclear thermal propulsion (NTP) was again selected over chemical propulsion as the preferred in-space transportation system option because of its high thrust and high specific impulse (-900 s) capability, increased tolerance to payload mass growth and architecture changes, and lower total initial mass in low Earth orbit. An extensive nuclear thermal rocket technology development effort was conducted from 1955-1973 under the Rover/NERVA Program. The Small Nuclear Rocket Engine (SNRE) was the last engine design studied by the Los Alamos National Laboratory during the program. At the time, this engine was a state-of-the-art design incorporating lessons learned from the very successful technology development program. Past activities at the NASA Glenn Research Center have included development of highly detailed MCNP Monte Carlo transport models of the SNRE and other small engine designs. Preliminary core configurations typically employ fuel elements with fixed fuel composition and fissile material enrichment. Uniform fuel loadings result in undesirable radial power and temperature profiles in the engines. Engine performance can be improved by some combination of propellant flow control at the fuel element level and by varying the fuel composition. Enrichment zoning at the fuel element level with lower enrichments in the higher power elements at the core center and on the core periphery is particularly effective. Power flattening by enrichment zoning typically results in more uniform propellant exit temperatures and improved engine performance. For the SNRE, element enrichment zoning provided very flat radial power profiles with 551 of the 564 fuel elements within 1% of the average element power. Results for this and alternate enrichment zoning options for the SNRE are compared.

Bruce G. Schnitzler; Stanley K. Borowski

2010-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

322

September 2000Forecasting Future Variance from Option Prices  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Although it is widely believed that option prices provide the best possible forecasts of the future variance of the assets which underlie them, a large body of empirical evidence concludes that option prices consistently yield biased forecasts of future variance. The prevailing interpretation of these findings is that option investors may be forming unbiased forecasts of the future variance of underlying assets but that these unbiased forecasts fail to get impounded into option prices because of either (1) the difficulty of carrying out the necessary arbitrage strategies that would force the prices to their proper levels, or (2) the availability to market makers of lucrative alternative strategies in which they simply profit from the large bid-ask spreads in the options markets. This interpretation has significant consequences for nearly the entire range of option pricing research, since it implies that non-continuous trading, bid-ask spreads, and other market imperfections substantially influence option prices. This implication is important, both because incorporating these types of market imperfections into option pricing models is much more difficult than, for example, altering the dynamics of the underlying asset and also because it suggests that researchers cannot learn about option investor expectations by filtering option

Allen M. Poteshman; Mark R. Manfredo; Allen M. Poteshman; Allen M. Poteshman; Champaign Helpful; Jegadeesh Narasimhan

2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

323

OPTIONAL I-""... ..o SD  

Office of Legacy Management (LM)

OPTIONAL I-""... ..o SD , * ' y)IP-lW ' a * UNITED S T A T E S COVEKNMENT TO : Files DATE: September 25, 1962 M o m 4' Materials Branch; Division of Licensing & Regulation SUBJECT: PRE-LICENSING VISIT TO THE CONTEMPORARY METALS CORPORATION PROPOSED FACILITY AT HAZELWOOD, M ISSOURI, AND RESIDUE STOCKPILES AT ROBERTSON, M ISSOURI, DOCKET NO, 40-6811 The Contemporary Metals Corporation was awarded a contract by the AEC for the removal of uranium -bearing residues from stock- pile areas at Robertson, M issouri. These residues were generated by the Commission at its Destrehan Street Plant, St; Louis, M issouri. The applicant intends to process these residues at its Hazelwocd facility which is about three (3) m iles from the stock- pile site, Attempts will be made to extract the associated

324

POLICY OPTIONS FOR FCV MARKET INTRODUCTION  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

G. Duleep G. Duleep Energy and Environmental Analysis, Inc. www.eea-inc.com POLICY OPTIONS FOR FCV MARKET INTRODUCTION Prepared for: Hydrogen 2010-2025 Scenario Analysis Meeting Introduction Phases Phase 1 - sales of few hundred FCVs per year. Cost of vehicles will be 5 x over average vehicle and refueling infrastructure will be in an urban area. Phase 2 - ten to twenty thousand FCVs per model and one/two models per major manufacturer. Cost of vehicles will be 2 x over average vehicle, and urban and limited regional refueling infrastructure. Phase 3 - Mass market introduction, FCV cost at 1.1 to 1.2 x. Good regional refueling and limited city pair refueling sites. Policies for Phase 1 Vehicles will not be sold commercially but leased to select fleets and owners. Government fleet buy-

325

IAAP. However, Pantex Plant Option 2  

Office of Legacy Management (LM)

p,./qj ' . p,./qj ' . ,! Fdera~ Regbter / Vol. 4Q, No. 210 / Mot&lap, October 29, 3984 1 Notices 43493 be the optimal choice. However, for eignificantly lower caste, a major upgrade of existing facilitiee, including new constr@ion. will provide improved operational reliability and protection. Consequently, an all new facility at any of the three alternative locations was eliminated due to cost considerations. From the standpoint of environmental impact from normal operations (including offsite transportation end the risk of an accident-producing release of radioactive materials, there is little difference between existing operations at Pantex and partial relocation to IAAP. However, Pantex Plant Option 2 provided a greater degree of operational reliability and protection than the

326

Waste disposal options report. Volume 2  

SciTech Connect

Volume 2 contains the following topical sections: estimates of feed and waste volumes, compositions, and properties; evaluation of radionuclide inventory for Zr calcine; evaluation of radionuclide inventory for Al calcine; determination of k{sub eff} for high level waste canisters in various configurations; review of ceramic silicone foam for radioactive waste disposal; epoxides for low-level radioactive waste disposal; evaluation of several neutralization cases in processing calcine and sodium-bearing waste; background information for EFEs, dose rates, watts/canister, and PE-curies; waste disposal options assumptions; update of radiation field definition and thermal generation rates for calcine process packages of various geometries-HKP-26-97; and standard criteria of candidate repositories and environmental regulations for the treatment and disposal of ICPP radioactive mixed wastes.

Russell, N.E.; McDonald, T.G.; Banaee, J.; Barnes, C.M.; Fish, L.W.; Losinski, S.J.; Peterson, H.K.; Sterbentz, J.W.; Wenzel, D.R.

1998-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

327

Environmental review of options for managing radioactively contaminated carbon steel  

SciTech Connect

The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) is proposing to develop a strategy for the management of radioactively contaminated carbon steel (RCCS). Currently, most of this material either is placed in special containers and disposed of by shallow land burial in facilities designed for low-level radioactive waste (LLW) or is stored indefinitely pending sufficient funding to support alternative disposition. The growing amount of RCCS with which DOE will have to deal in the foreseeable future, coupled with the continued need to protect the human and natural environment, has led the Department to evaluate other approaches for managing this material. This environmental review (ER) describes the options that could be used for RCCS management and examines the potential environmental consequences of implementing each. Because much of the analysis underlying this document is available from previous studies, wherever possible the ER relies on incorporating the conclusions of those studies as summaries or by reference.

NONE

1996-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

328

New Technology and Lunar Power Option for Power Beaming Propulsion  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Orbit raising missions (LEO to GEO or beyond) are the only missions with enough current traffic to be seriously considered for near-term power beaming propulsion. Even these missions cannot justify the development expenditures required to deploy the required new laser, optical and propulsion technologies or the programmatic risks. To be deployed, the laser and optics technologies must be spin-offs of other funded programs. The manned lunar base nighttime power requirements may justify a major power beaming program with 2MW lasers and large optical systems. New laser and optical technologies may now make this mission plausible. If deployed these systems could be diverted for power beaming propulsion applications. Propulsion options include a thermal system with an Isp near 1000 sec., a new optical coupled thermal system with an Isp over 2000 sec. photovoltaic-ion propulsion systems with an Isp near 3000 sec., and a possible new optical coupled thermal system with an Isp over 2000 sec.

Kare, J; Early, J; Krupke, W; Beach, R

2004-10-11T23:59:59.000Z

329

Data:5308e208-308c-4389-8459-3c342933daa3 | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

8-308c-4389-8459-3c342933daa3 8-308c-4389-8459-3c342933daa3 No revision has been approved for this page. It is currently under review by our subject matter experts. Jump to: navigation, search Loading... 1. Basic Information 2. Demand 3. Energy << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> Basic Information Utility name: Adams Electric Cooperative Inc Effective date: 2011/01/01 End date if known: Rate name: SEA04 Sector: Commercial Description: Source or reference: http://www.adamsec.com/content/rates Source Parent: Comments Applicability Demand (kW) Minimum (kW): Maximum (kW): History (months): Energy (kWh) Minimum (kWh): Maximum (kWh): History (months): Service Voltage Minimum (V): Maximum (V): Character of Service Voltage Category: Phase Wiring: << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> << Previous 1 2 3 Next >>

330

Data:87978379-5878-473a-9e17-aaf0f3c0890f | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

8379-5878-473a-9e17-aaf0f3c0890f 8379-5878-473a-9e17-aaf0f3c0890f No revision has been approved for this page. It is currently under review by our subject matter experts. Jump to: navigation, search Loading... 1. Basic Information 2. Demand 3. Energy << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> Basic Information Utility name: Algoma Utility Comm Effective date: 2008/05/28 End date if known: Rate name: Small Power Service - More than 100kW -Primary Metering Discount Sector: Commercial Description: Application: This rate will be applied to customers for all types of service if their monthly Maximum Measured Demand is in excess of 100 kilowatts (kW) per month for three or more months in a consecutive 12-month period, unless the customer exceeds the application conditions of the large power time-of-day schedule.

331

Data:159106d9-928f-4116-b89c-5feb3c199290 | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

d9-928f-4116-b89c-5feb3c199290 d9-928f-4116-b89c-5feb3c199290 No revision has been approved for this page. It is currently under review by our subject matter experts. Jump to: navigation, search Loading... 1. Basic Information 2. Demand 3. Energy << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> Basic Information Utility name: Bailey County Elec Coop Assn Effective date: 2004/03/01 End date if known: Rate name: Outdoor Lighting 175 W MV Sector: Lighting Description: Plus $1.00 per month for each extra pole required Source or reference: Rate Binder 5, Illinois State University Source Parent: Comments Applicability Demand (kW) Minimum (kW): Maximum (kW): History (months): Energy (kWh) Minimum (kWh): Maximum (kWh): History (months): Service Voltage Minimum (V): Maximum (V): Character of Service Voltage Category: Phase Wiring:

332

Data:84fdc56e-3253-4761-baac-bd3c5c7957ca | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

fdc56e-3253-4761-baac-bd3c5c7957ca fdc56e-3253-4761-baac-bd3c5c7957ca No revision has been approved for this page. It is currently under review by our subject matter experts. Jump to: navigation, search Loading... 1. Basic Information 2. Demand 3. Energy << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> Basic Information Utility name: Perennial Public Power Dist Effective date: 2013/01/01 End date if known: Rate name: General Service - Municipal (Rate Code 45) Single Phase Sector: Commercial Description: Applicable to miscellaneous municipal services (excluding municipal pumping), school districts, and other non-federal agencies, which are principally tax supported. Source or reference: http://www.perennialpower.com/Images/URBAN_GENERAL_AND_PUBLIC_SERVICE.pdf Source Parent: Comments Applicability Demand (kW)

333

Data:0b37e540-ab3c-420e-882e-aec532313539 | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

e540-ab3c-420e-882e-aec532313539 e540-ab3c-420e-882e-aec532313539 No revision has been approved for this page. It is currently under review by our subject matter experts. Jump to: navigation, search Loading... 1. Basic Information 2. Demand 3. Energy << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> Basic Information Utility name: Duke Energy Indiana Inc Effective date: 2009/09/14 End date if known: Rate name: High Load Factor - Primary Direct Sector: Industrial Description: Availability Available to any customer contracting for a specified capacity of not less than 25 kW. Applicant must be located adjacent to an electric transmission or distribution line of Company that is adequate and suitable for supplying the service requested. Character of Service Alternating current having a frequency of sixty Hertz and furnished in accordance with the provisions set forth hereunder.

334

Data:16e3a087-a3df-4bd4-bcd3-c9944339aebb | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

a087-a3df-4bd4-bcd3-c9944339aebb a087-a3df-4bd4-bcd3-c9944339aebb No revision has been approved for this page. It is currently under review by our subject matter experts. Jump to: navigation, search Loading... 1. Basic Information 2. Demand 3. Energy << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> Basic Information Utility name: Salmon River Electric Coop Inc Effective date: 2006/02/01 End date if known: Rate name: Irrigation -Large 30 KW or greater Sector: Commercial Description: The type of service provided under this schedule is three phase, at secondary or primary voltage and supplied through one meter at one point of delivery. If service is provided at primary voltage, the contract for service shall specify the point of delivery, establish all metering costs to be paid by the member, and delineate ownership and control of such facilities.

335

Data:522e48ec-3c94-4379-9090-c7b153004cb1 | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

ec-3c94-4379-9090-c7b153004cb1 ec-3c94-4379-9090-c7b153004cb1 No revision has been approved for this page. It is currently under review by our subject matter experts. Jump to: navigation, search Loading... 1. Basic Information 2. Demand 3. Energy << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> Basic Information Utility name: Joe Wheeler Elec Member Corp Effective date: 2013/05/01 End date if known: Rate name: Manufacturing Service Rate--Schedule SMSD Sector: Industrial Description: This rate shall apply to the firm electric power requirements where (a) a customer's currently effective contract demand is greater than 25,000 kW. Source or reference: http://www.jwemc.org/rateforms.aspx Source Parent: Comments Applicability Demand (kW) Minimum (kW): Maximum (kW): History (months): Energy (kWh) Minimum (kWh):

336

Data:078aeccf-7853-4919-9494-1da67fff6a3c | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

aeccf-7853-4919-9494-1da67fff6a3c aeccf-7853-4919-9494-1da67fff6a3c No revision has been approved for this page. It is currently under review by our subject matter experts. Jump to: navigation, search Loading... 1. Basic Information 2. Demand 3. Energy << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> Basic Information Utility name: Entergy Gulf States Louisiana LLC Effective date: 2010/07/09 End date if known: Rate name: 2 Lightinhg service to existing instalation only - schedule SHL - Fluorescent - 400W Sector: Lighting Description: This rate schedule is applicable under the regular terms and conditions of Company to Street and Highway Lighting Service, Area Lighting Service, and Residential Subdivision Lighting (existing installations or extensions thereof) only. This rate is not applicable to new installations.

337

Data:889670c3-c5fd-4410-ad59-f90d746d2387 | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

70c3-c5fd-4410-ad59-f90d746d2387 70c3-c5fd-4410-ad59-f90d746d2387 No revision has been approved for this page. It is currently under review by our subject matter experts. Jump to: navigation, search Loading... 1. Basic Information 2. Demand 3. Energy << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> Basic Information Utility name: Singing River Elec Pwr Assn (Mississippi) Effective date: 2010/04/07 End date if known: Rate name: Industrial Small General Service (Under 25 kW) Multi-Phase Sector: Industrial Description: *Subject to power cost adjustment, tax expense adjustment, and an environmental compliance charge. Minimum monthly charge is $40.00 Source or reference: http://www.singingriver.com/Files/SGS%203-3.pdf Source Parent: Comments Adjustment is Power Cost Adjustment plus Environmental Clause plus Regulatory Adjustment

338

Data:14035438-5238-4509-8e66-7e3c2a3659df | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

8-5238-4509-8e66-7e3c2a3659df 8-5238-4509-8e66-7e3c2a3659df No revision has been approved for this page. It is currently under review by our subject matter experts. Jump to: navigation, search Loading... 1. Basic Information 2. Demand 3. Energy << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> Basic Information Utility name: Bailey County Elec Coop Assn Effective date: 2004/03/01 End date if known: Rate name: Outdoor Lighting 400 W MV Sector: Lighting Description: Plus $1.00 per month for each extra pole required Source or reference: Rate Binder 5, Illinois State University Source Parent: Comments Applicability Demand (kW) Minimum (kW): Maximum (kW): History (months): Energy (kWh) Minimum (kWh): Maximum (kWh): History (months): Service Voltage Minimum (V): Maximum (V): Character of Service Voltage Category: Phase Wiring:

339

Data:1844e12d-12a3-4722-a554-be3c170bffaa | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

e12d-12a3-4722-a554-be3c170bffaa e12d-12a3-4722-a554-be3c170bffaa No revision has been approved for this page. It is currently under review by our subject matter experts. Jump to: navigation, search Loading... 1. Basic Information 2. Demand 3. Energy << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> Basic Information Utility name: City of Tell City, Indiana (Utility Company) Effective date: 2008/07/01 End date if known: Rate name: Tariff A1: Single Phase Residential, Greater Than 200 Amps and Less Than 400 Amps Sector: Residential Description: The charges derived in the Tariff A1 rate are subject to adjustment for: Purchased Power Adjustment Tracking Factor. Source or reference: Rates Binder 1, Illinois State University Source Parent: Comments Applicability Demand (kW) Minimum (kW): Maximum (kW): History (months):

340

Data:09765641-d802-4897-b864-961aced23a3c | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

641-d802-4897-b864-961aced23a3c 641-d802-4897-b864-961aced23a3c No revision has been approved for this page. It is currently under review by our subject matter experts. Jump to: navigation, search Loading... 1. Basic Information 2. Demand 3. Energy << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> Basic Information Utility name: La Farge Municipal Electric Co Effective date: 2009/03/20 End date if known: Rate name: Ms-1 Street Lighting Service Overhead 150 HPS Sector: Lighting Description: Power Cost Adjustment Clause - All metered rates shall be subject to a positive or negative power cost adjustment charge equivalent to the amount by which the current cost of power (per kilowatt-hour of sales) is greater or lesser than the base cost of power purchased (per kilowatt-hour of sales). The base cost of power (U) is $0.0551 per kilowatt-hour.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "development options 3c" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


341

Data:96f55a3c-8bfe-4647-a799-9636828f370d | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

5a3c-8bfe-4647-a799-9636828f370d 5a3c-8bfe-4647-a799-9636828f370d No revision has been approved for this page. It is currently under review by our subject matter experts. Jump to: navigation, search Loading... 1. Basic Information 2. Demand 3. Energy << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> Basic Information Utility name: Coldwater Board of Public Util Effective date: 2011/09/01 End date if known: Rate name: Street Lighting Service - 400 W HPS Sector: Lighting Description: The CBPU furnishes, installs and owns the entire equipment including poles, overhead lines, supply equipment, luminaries, supporting brackets, suspension cables, lamps and control equipment. The CBPU supplies the energy, replaces luminaries and lamps and maintains the entire equipment. Source or reference: http://www.coldwater.org/Content/Utility_General_Info.html

342

State options for low-carbon coal policy  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

There is growing state-level interest in the USA in accelerating the development of low-carbon coal technologies, including carbon capture and storage (CCS). Many states have adopted greenhouse gas emission targets and made commitments to low-carbon energy, and believe that these polices will result in job creation, air quality improvements, and reliable low-cost energy supplies. This paper provides an overview of options for states to encourage the deployment of carbon capture and sequestration. It describes actions (including legislation, regulations, and incentives) throughout the country. It also reviews in greater detail the range of policies available to state Public Utility Commissions for advancing deployment of CCS. Many states are adopting meaningful incentives for integrated gasification combined cycle (IGCC) power plants, and, as a handful of states are beginning to demonstrate, a number of these incentives can apply to CCS as well. States also have a number of authorities relevant to advancement of clean coal power, particularly within the domain of state public utility commissions (PUCs). State commissions have a wide array of policy options available to them in pursuing this goal, and will play a crucial role in determining the speed and effectiveness with which such technologies are deployed. States also enjoy major advantages, such as their direct jurisdiction over many critical power plant issues (including siting and retail ratemaking) that federal agencies do not possess. Regardless of the final form of federal greenhouse gas rules, states have the chance to gain experience as first movers and policy innovators, and will play an important role in shaping a low-carbon future. Although national policy is essential, a proactive approach by state policymakers and regulators to drive CCS can reduce future compliance costs, speed the required technological developments, and pave the way for future national policy.

Richard Cowart; Shanna Vale; Joshua Bushinsky; Pat Hogan

2008-02-15T23:59:59.000Z

343

URBAN WATER SUPPLY IN INDIA: STATUS, REFORM OPTIONS AND POSSIBLE LESSONS  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of water produced that does not reach water board customers. Unaccounted for water results both from for water accounts for 25-40% of water produced by utilities in the main urban areas in India. WhileURBAN WATER SUPPLY IN INDIA: STATUS, REFORM OPTIONS AND POSSIBLE LESSONS David McKenzie Development

Kammen, Daniel M.

344

Options for Pursuing Moderator Exclusion for Application to Spent-Fuel Transportation Packages  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This report discusses options for pursuing moderator exclusion, either by itself or in combination with burnup credit, for application to the criticality evaluation of spent nuclear fuel transportation packages. Also, information is provided on how to proceed in developing a request for rulemaking if the industry determines that changes to the existing regulations for streamlining implementation of moderator exclusion are highly desirable.

2005-12-15T23:59:59.000Z

345

State Bioenergy Primer: Information and Resources for States on Issues, Opportunities, and Options for Advancing Bioenergy  

SciTech Connect

One renewable energy option that states frequently consider to meet their clean energy goals is the use of biomass resources to develop bioenergy. Bioenergy includes bioheat, biopower, biofuels, and bioproducts. This document provides an overview of biomass feedstocks, basic information about biomass conversion technologies, and a discussion of benefits and challenges of bioenergy options. The Primer includes a step-wise framework, resources, and tools for determining the availability of feedstocks, assessing potential markets for biomass, and identifying opportunities for action at the state level. Each chapter contains a list of selected resources and tools that states can use to explore topics in further detail.

Byrnett, D. S.; Mulholland, D.; Zinsmeister, E.; Doris, E.; Milbrandt, A.; Robichaud. R.; Stanley, R.; Vimmerstedt, L.

2009-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

346

Economics of gas supply: the effects of decontrol-policy options  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A model for interpreting the effects of four alternatives to the Natural Gas Policy Act covers the options of accelerated partial decontrol, early full decontrol, and phased decontrol. The effects of these gas-pricing options on the development of domestic supplies of both conventional and unconventional sources, as well as the forecast under current policy, are examined in detail. All of the alternatives have a positive effect on supply relative to continuing controls indefinitely. The methodology for production forecasting appears in the appendix. 6 figures, 5 tables. (DCK)

Muzzo, S.E.

1982-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

347

Attachment C: Optional AIP Provisions | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

C: Optional AIP Provisions C: Optional AIP Provisions Attachment C: Optional AIP Provisions Optional AIP Provisions This attachment contains sample language for a number of optional provisions that sites may choose to include or not to include in their AIPs. Optional AIP provisions are not mandatory and the language presented is a sample which may be used as is, serve as a guideline for the creation of a modified provision to suit the site-specific needs of a particular AIP program, or not included in a new or renegotiated AIP. 1. Public Participation/Public Accountability in the DOE Planning Process "The DOE will make available to the public in a timely manner all environmental planning documents that require public comment. The DOE will promptly reply to, and confirm receipt of, requests for information

348

Environmental and economic analyses of waste disposal options for traditional markets in Indonesia  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Waste from traditional markets in Indonesia is the second largest stream of municipal solid waste after household waste. It has a higher organic fraction and may have greater potential to be managed on a business scale compared to household wastes. The attributed reason is that in general the wastes generated from traditional markets are more uniform, more concentrated and less hazardous than waste from other sources. This paper presents the results of environmental and economic assessments to compare the options available for traditional market waste disposal in Indonesia. The options compared were composting in labour intensive plants, composting in a centralised plant that utilised a simple wheel loader, centralised biogas production and landfill for electricity production. The current open dumping practice was included as the baseline case. A life cycle assessment (LCA) was used for environmental analysis. All options compared have lower environmental impacts than the current practice of open dumping. The biogas production option has the lowest environmental impacts. A cost-benefit analysis, which considered greenhouse gas savings, was used for the economic assessment. It was found that composting at a centralised plant is the most economically feasible option under the present Indonesian conditions. The approach reported in this study could be applied for 'a pre-feasibility first cut comparison' that includes environmental aspects in a decision-making framework for developing countries even though European emission factors were used.

Aye, Lu [International Technologies Centre (IDTC), Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering, University of Melbourne, Vic. 3010 (Australia)]. E-mail: lua@unimelb.edu.au; Widjaya, E.R. [International Technologies Centre (IDTC), Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering, The University of Melbourne, Vic. 3010 (Australia)

2006-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

349

Solar and Wind Easements and Local Option Rights Laws | Department of  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Local Option Rights Laws Local Option Rights Laws Solar and Wind Easements and Local Option Rights Laws < Back Eligibility Commercial Fed. Government Industrial Local Government Nonprofit Residential Schools State Government Savings Category Heating & Cooling Commercial Heating & Cooling Solar Heating Buying & Making Electricity Water Heating Wind Program Info State Nebraska Program Type Solar/Wind Access Policy Provider Nebraska Energy Office Nebraska's solar and wind easement provisions allow property owners to create binding solar and wind easements for the purpose of protecting and maintaining proper access to sunlight and wind. Originally designed only to apply to solar, the laws were revised in March 1997 (Bill 140) to include wind. Counties and municipalities are permitted to develop zoning

350

Basis for Identification of Disposal Options for R and D for Spent Nuclear  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Basis for Identification of Disposal Options for R and D for Spent Basis for Identification of Disposal Options for R and D for Spent Nuclear Fuel and High-Level Waste Basis for Identification of Disposal Options for R and D for Spent Nuclear Fuel and High-Level Waste The Used Fuel Disposition campaign (UFD) is selecting a set of geologic media for further study that spans a suite of behavior characteristics that impose a broad range of potential conditions on the design of the repository, the engineered barrier, and the waste. Salt, clay/shale, and granitic rocks represent a reasonable cross-section of behavior. Granitic rocks are also the primary basement rock to consider for deep borehole disposal. UFD is developing generic system analysis capability and general experimental data related to mined geologic disposal in the three

351

Balance-of-plant options for the Heat-Pipe Power System  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The Heat-Pipe Power System (HPS) is a near-term, low-cost space fission power system with the potential for utilizing various option for balance-of-plant options. The following options have been studied: a low-power thermoelectric design (14-kWe output), a small Brayton cycle system (60--75 kWe), and a large Brayton cycle system (250 kWe). These systems were analyzed on a preliminary basis, including mass, volume, and structure calculations. These analyses have shown that the HPS system can provide power outputs from 10--250 kWe with specific powers of {approximately} 14 W/kg for a 14-kWe model to {approximately} 100 W/kg for a 250-kWe model. The system designs considered in this study utilize a common component base to permit easy expansion and development.

Berte, M. [Massachusetts Inst. of Tech., Cambridge, MA (United States). Nuclear Engineering Dept.; Capell, B. [Michigan Univ., Ann Arbor, MI (United States). Nuclear Engineering Dept.

1997-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

352

Technical Assessment Guide (TAG) - Power Generation and Storage Technology Options  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The EPRI Technical Assessment Guide (TAG)Power Generation and Storage Technology Options helps energy company decision makers optimize capital investments in power generation and energy storage infrastructure. The 2009 TAG has been significantly enhanced. The following topics are among those that are new or enhanced: several options on CO2 capture controls and costs for existing retrofits and for new Pulverized Coal and Combustion Turbine Combined Cycle plants; several options on hybrid and dry cooling f...

2009-12-11T23:59:59.000Z

353

Program on Technology Innovation: Integrated Generation Technology Options  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The EPRI Integrated Generation Technology Options is intended to provide a snapshot of current cost and performance and technology trends for central electricity generation stations (>50 MW). This document is designed to help with information on the current options in power generation infrastructure capital investments. This 2008 Integrated Generation Technology Options draws from the results of the 2007 TAG studies with relevant current updates. However, while the TAG addresses about 20 different Power ...

2008-11-30T23:59:59.000Z

354

EERE Roofus' Solar and Efficient Home: More Search Options  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

More Search Options Roofus' Solar and Efficient Home Site Search Search EERE Kids Site Search Search Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy Site Search Search Search Help Printable...

355

How to implement renewable energy and energy efficiency options...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

implement renewable energy and energy efficiency options Support for South African local government Jump to: navigation, search Name How to implement renewable energy and energy...

356

Local Option - Solar, Wind & Biomass Energy Systems Exemption...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Solar, Wind & Biomass Energy Systems Exemption Local Option - Solar, Wind & Biomass Energy Systems Exemption Eligibility Agricultural Commercial Industrial Residential Savings For...

357

Recovering Risk-Neutral Probability Density Functions from Options ...  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Theorem 2 provides us with a simple mechanism to eliminate "artificial" arbitrage ..... options prices: An application to crude oil during theI˛ ulfcw risis. © oŁ rd¨.

358

Implementing a Hydrogen Energy Infrastructure: Storage Options and System Design  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Gas Based Hydrogen Infrastructure – Optimizing Transitionseconomies and lower infrastructure costs. REFERENCES 1. NRC,a Hydrogen Energy Infrastructure: Storage Options and System

Ogden, Joan M; Yang, Christopher

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

359

In-car Airway Options for NASCAR Drivers  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Medicine Background: “Stock car” drivers may require anpresentation pregnancy. In-car Airway Options for NASCARhelmeted, and apneic stock car driver simulation model.

Dyreyes, Jonathan Q; Grange, Jeff; Smith, Dustin; Jin, Peter; Guldner, Greg

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

360

Financing Non-Residential Photovoltaic Projects: Options and...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Policy Group * Energy Analysis Department 1 Financing Non-Residential Photovoltaic Projects: Options and Implications Report Summary Presentation Mark Bolinger Lawrence...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "development options 3c" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


361

TV Energy Consumption Trends and Energy-Efficiency Improvement Options  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

television sets. ” Austrian Energy Agency, June. Chen, H.F.of Options for Improving Energy Efficiency Test Proceduresfor Displays”, March. Energy Conservation Center, Japan (

Park, Won Young

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

362

A Comparison of Li-Ion Battery Recycling Options  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

1 A Comparison of Li-Ion Battery Recycling Options Linda Gaines and Jennifer Dunn Center for Transportation Research Argonne National Laboratory SAE World Congress April 2012 PAPER...

363

Price protection options for West Virginia beef cattle producers.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??The purpose of this study was to determine if a price protection option would be beneficial to West Virginia's beef cattle industry. Fourteen years of… (more)

Kleski, Matthew C., 1979-

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

364

Clean Energy Options for Sabah: An Analysis of Resource Availability...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

and Latin America. For each renewable option we examine-biomass waste, hydropower, solar, wind, geothermal, and demand-side energy efficiency-we compiled cost information...

365

An R&D Investment Game under Uncertainty in Real Option Analysis  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

One of the problems of using the financial options methodology to analyse investment decisions is that strategic considerations become extremely important. So, the theory of real option games combines two successful theories, namely real options and ... Keywords: C72, D80, Exchange Options, G13, Information Revelation, Option games, Real Options

Giovanni Villani

2008-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

366

WATERMAN: Technical and Economic Guidelines for Evaluating Power Plant Water Management Options: Volumes 1 and 2: Volumes 1 and 2  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The WATERMAN code is the first software specifically designed to assist utility engineers and chemists in developing and revising complex integrated power plant water balances. As such, this IBM PC code enables quick and accurate assessments of water uses throughout the plant, identifies recycle/reuse options, and evaluates the impacts of such options on plant makeup water needs, process water chemistry, and wastewater treatment requirements.

1991-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

367

On the Valuation of Warrants and Executive Stock Options: Pricing Formulae for Firms with Multiple Warrants/Executive Options  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of the options or canceling an executive's existing options and granting him or her new options with a lower strike price, although not as frequent, are also in the agenda. Among others, Brenner, Sundaram, and Yermack (2000), Carter and Lynch (2001) examine... the “repricing” of ESOs and allocate it to poor firm-specific performance. The empirical evidence in Chance, Kumar, and Todd (2000) suggest that ESOs are usually repriced when the stock declines by about 25%. Acharya, John, and Sundaram (2000) investigate...

Darsinos, Theofanis; Satchell, Stephen E

2004-06-16T23:59:59.000Z

368

Options for Gas-to-Liquids Technology in Alaska  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The purposes of this work was to assess the effect of applying new technology to the economics of a proposed natural gas-to-liquids (GTL) plant, to evaluate the potential of a slower-paced, staged deployment of GTL technology, and to evaluate the effect of GTL placement of economics. Five scenarios were economically evaluated and compared: a no-major-gas-sales scenario, a gas-pipeline/LNG scenario, a fast-paced GTL development scenario, a slow-paced GTL development scenario, and a scenario which places the GTL plant in lower Alaska, instead of on the North Slope. Evaluations were completed using an after-tax discounted cash flow analysis. Results indicate that the slow-paced GTL scenario is the only one with a rate of return greater than 10 percent. The slow-paced GTL development would allow cost saving on subsequent expansions. These assumed savings, along with the lowering of the transportation tariff, combine to distinquish this option for marketing the North Slope gas from the other scenarios. Critical variables that need further consideration include the GTL plant cost, the GTL product premium, and operating and maintenance costs.

Robertson, Eric Partridge

1999-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

369

Options for gas-to-liquids technology in Alaska  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The purpose of this work was to assess the effect of applying new technology to the economics of a proposed natural gas-to-liquids (GTL) plant, to evaluate the potential of a slower-paced, staged deployment of GTL technology, and to evaluate the effect of GTL placement of economics. Five scenarios were economically evaluated and compared: a no-major-gas-sales scenario, a gas-pipeline/LNG scenario, a fast-paced GTL development scenario, a slow-paced GTL development scenario, and a scenario which places the GTL plant in lower Alaska, instead of on the North Slope. Evaluations were completed using an after-tax discounted cash flow analysis. Results indicate that the slow-paced GTL scenario is the only one with a rate of return greater than 10%. The slow-paced GTL development would allow cost saving on subsequent expansions. These assumed savings, along with the lowering of the transportation tariff, combine to distinguish this option for marketing the North Slope gas from the other scenarios. Critical variables that need further consideration include the GTL plant cost, the GTL product premium, and operating and maintenance costs.

Robertson, E.P.

1999-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

370

Bounds for the price of discrete arithmetic Asian options  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this paper the pricing of European-style discrete arithmetic Asian options with fixed and floating strike is studied by deriving analytical lower and upper bounds. In our approach we use a general technique for deriving upper (and lower) bounds for ... Keywords: Asian option, Black and Scholes setting, analytical bounds, comonotonicity

M. Vanmaele; G. Deelstra; J. Liinev; J. Dhaene; M. J. Goovaerts

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

371

Moment matching approximation of Asian basket option prices  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this paper we propose some moment matching pricing methods for European-style discrete arithmetic Asian basket options in a Black & Scholes framework. We generalize the approach of [M. Curran, Valuing Asian and portfolio by conditioning on the geometric ... Keywords: 60J65, 91B28, Asian basket option, Log-extended-skew-normal, Moment matching, Sum of non-independent random variables

Griselda Deelstra; Ibrahima Diallo; Michčle Vanmaele

2010-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

372

Bounds for the price of discrete arithmetic Asian options  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this paper the pricing of European-style discrete arithmetic Asian options with fixed and floating strike is studied by deriving analytical lower and upper bounds. In our approach we use a general technique for deriving upper (and lower) bounds for ... Keywords: Analytical bounds, Asian option, Black and Scholes setting, Comonotonicity

M. Vanmaele; G. Deelstra; J. Liinev; J. Dhaene; M. J. Goovaerts

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

373

Evaluation of real options in an oil field  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The subject of this paper is the application of real options models for valuing an offshore oil property in the North of Africa. Three different approaches were used - one based on the traditional Black-Scholes model, the Marketed Asset Disclaimer (MAD) ... Keywords: capital budgeting, decision analysis, investment appraisal, oil fields, real options

Joăo Oliveira Soares; Diogo Baltazar

2010-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

374

Methods for Pricing American Options under Regime Switching  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We analyze a number of techniques for pricing American options under a regime switching stochastic process. The techniques analyzed include both explicit and implicit discretizations with the focus being on methods which are unconditionally stable. In ... Keywords: American options, iterative methods, regime switching

Y. Huang; P. A. Forsyth; G. Labahn

2011-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

375

Fe Emission And Ionized Excess Absorption in the Luminous Quasar 3C109 With XMM-Newton  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We report results from an XMM-Newton observation of the broad-line radio galaxy 3C 109 (z=0.3056). Previous ASCA data revealed the presence of a broad iron line from the accretion disc with which the XMM-Newton spectrum is fully consistent. However, although improving the ASCA constraints on the line parameters, the quality of the data is not high enough to distinguish between an untruncated accretion disc extending down to small radii close to the black hole and a scenario in which the innermost 20-30 gravitational radii are missing. For this reason, our results are model-dependent and the hard data can be modeled equally well by considering an absorption scenario in which a large column of neutral gas partially covers the X-ray continuum source. However, the absorber would have to comprise hundreds/thousands very compact clouds close to the X-ray source, which seems rather extreme a requirement. The 2-10 keV intrinsic luminosity of 3C 109 is of the order of 2-3 x 10{sup 45} erg s{sup -1} regardless of the adopted model. A recent black hole mass estimate of {approx} 2 x 10{sup 8} M{sub {circle_dot}} implies that L{sub bol}/L{sub Edd} > 1. If partial covering is excluded, the observed reflection fraction (of the order of unity), steep photon index (1.86), and Fe line equivalent width (about 100 eV) all suggest to exclude that the X-ray continuum is strongly beamed indicating that the large Eddington ratio is associated with a radiatively efficient accretion process and making it unlikely that the innermost accretion disc is replaced by a thick radiatively inefficient medium such as in advection-dominated accretion models. We also confirm previous findings on the detection of low energy absorption in excess of the Galactic value, where we find excellent agreement with previous results obtained in X-rays and at other wavelengths (optical and infrared). The better quality of the XMM-Newton data enables us to attribute the excess absorption to slightly ionized gas in the line of sight, located at the redshift of 3C 109. The most likely interpretation for the excess absorption is that the line-of-sight is grazing the obscuring torus of unified models, which is consistent with the inclination inferred from the Fe line profile (about 40{sup o}) and with the hybrid radio-galaxy/quasar nature of 3C 109.

Miniutti, Giovanni; /Cambridge U., Inst. of Astron.; Ballantyne, D.R.; /Arizona U.; Allen, S.W.; /KIPAC, Menlo Park; Fabian, A.C.; /Cambridge U., Inst. of Astron.; Ross, R.R.; /Holy Cross Coll.

2006-06-09T23:59:59.000Z

376

Data:34e308aa-3c10-48b3-a3cf-9e25ba9e32f3 | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

08aa-3c10-48b3-a3cf-9e25ba9e32f3 08aa-3c10-48b3-a3cf-9e25ba9e32f3 No revision has been approved for this page. It is currently under review by our subject matter experts. Jump to: navigation, search Loading... 1. Basic Information 2. Demand 3. Energy << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> Basic Information Utility name: Northern States Power Co - Wisconsin Effective date: 2011/01/01 End date if known: Rate name: Experimental Advanced Renewable Energy Purchase Service Wind Tier 1: 100 kW (at more than 200 amps) Sector: Description: Effective In All territories served by the Company. Definition: Distributed generation facilities are electricity generators owned by the customer, located R close to the point of energy consumption, and small in scale, usually no more than the existing load of the customer. Availability The advanced renewable energy tariff is available to retail customers who own small distributed generation facilities that are powered by a renewable resource and placed in initial service after January 1, 2012, or who executed an advanced renewable energy contract prior to January 1, 2012. maximum size project per customer is: Wind: * Tier 1: 100 kw * Tier 2: 2 MW * Tier 3: 5 MW (Community-based Projects) Community-based Limits The Community-based Project Category is only applicable to the Biomass/Biogas and Wind technology categories and will be fully subscribed when 5 MW of capacity has been subscribed. In addition, the Community-based Category is applicable only to projects owned by local units of government (Village, City, Town or County), or to projects majority-owned by existing retail customers that choose to join together to develop a joint project.

377

Using Backup Generators: Alternative Backup Power Options | Department of  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Alternative Backup Power Options Alternative Backup Power Options Using Backup Generators: Alternative Backup Power Options Using Backup Generators: Alternative Backup Power Options In addition to electric generators powered by fuel, homeowners and business owners may consider alternative backup power options. Battery-stored backup power-Allows you to continue operating lights, refrigerators and other appliances, fans, and communications during a power outage. These systems can connect to renewable sources of energy, like solar panels and small-scale wind generators, to help the batteries stay charged during an emergency. You can also recharge many of these battery systems with diesel generators. The length of time you will be able to draw electricity from your batteries will depend on the size of your

378

Memorandum, Protective Force Career Options Committee - July 23, 2009 |  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Memorandum, Protective Force Career Options Committee - July 23, Memorandum, Protective Force Career Options Committee - July 23, 2009 Memorandum, Protective Force Career Options Committee - July 23, 2009 On March 31,2009, this office commissioned a study to examine career opportunities and retirement options for the Department of Energy (DOE) protective force members. On March 3 1,2009, this office commissioned a study to examine career opportunities and retirement options for the Department of Energy (DOE) protective force members. The study was supported by senior leaders of the Department as well as by the leadership of the National Council of Security Police (NCSP), who took an active role in the study. The results of the study were briefed to several senior Departmental officials on June 30,2009. These leaders accepted the overall thrust of

379

Memorandum, Enhanced Career Longevity and Retirement Options - June 30,  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Memorandum, Enhanced Career Longevity and Retirement Options - June Memorandum, Enhanced Career Longevity and Retirement Options - June 30, 2009 Memorandum, Enhanced Career Longevity and Retirement Options - June 30, 2009 June 30, 2009 On March 31, 2009 , the Department of Energy (DOE) Chief Health, Safety and Security Officxer commissioned a study to examine "realistic and reasponable options for improving the career opportunities and retirement prospects of protective force members while maintaining, within current and anticipated budgetary constraints, a robust and effective security posture. On March 31, 2009, the Department of Energy (DOE) Chief Health, Safety and Security Officxer commissioned a study to examine "realistic and reasponable options for improving the career opportunities and retirement prospects of protective force members while maintaining, within current and

380

Mandatory Utility Green Power Option | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Mandatory Utility Green Power Option Mandatory Utility Green Power Option Jump to: navigation, search Several states require certain electric utilities to offer customers the option of buying electricity generated from renewable resources, commonly known as “green power.” Typically, utilities offer green power generated using renewable resources that the utilities own (or for which they contract), or they buy renewable energy credits (RECs) from a renewable energy provider certified by a state public utilities commission [1] Mandatory Utility Green Power Option Incentives CSV (rows 1 - 17) Incentive Incentive Type Place Applicable Sector Eligible Technologies Active DEMEC - Green Power Program (Delaware) Mandatory Utility Green Power Option Delaware Municipal Utility Solar Water Heat

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "development options 3c" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


381

Mandatory Utility Green Power Option | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Mandatory Utility Green Power Option Mandatory Utility Green Power Option Mandatory Utility Green Power Option < Back Eligibility Investor-Owned Utility Municipal Utility Rural Electric Cooperative Savings Category Bioenergy Buying & Making Electricity Water Solar Wind Program Info State District of Columbia Program Type Mandatory Utility Green Power Option Provider Washington State Department of Commerce In May 2001, Washington enacted legislation (EHB 2247) that requires all electric utilities serving more than 25,000 customers to offer customers the option of purchasing renewable energy. Eligible renewables include wind, solar, geothermal, landfill gas, wave or tidal action, wastewater treatment gas, certain biomass resources, and "qualified hydropower" that is fish-friendly. Beginning January 1, 2002, each electric utility must inform its customers

382

Mandatory Green Power Option for Large Municipal Utilities | Department of  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Green Power Option for Large Municipal Utilities Green Power Option for Large Municipal Utilities Mandatory Green Power Option for Large Municipal Utilities < Back Eligibility Municipal Utility Savings Category Bioenergy Alternative Fuel Vehicles Hydrogen & Fuel Cells Water Buying & Making Electricity Solar Wind Program Info State Colorado Program Type Mandatory Utility Green Power Option Provider Colorado Public Utilities Commission Municipal electric utilities serving more than 40,000 customers in Colorado must offer an optional green-power program that allows retail customers the choice of supporting emerging renewable technologies. This policy complements Colorado's renewable portfolio standard (RPS), which requires municipal utilities serving more than 40,000 customers to use renewable energy and energy recycling to account for 10% of retail sales by 2020.

383

Homebuyer Solar Option and Solar Offset Program | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Homebuyer Solar Option and Solar Offset Program Homebuyer Solar Option and Solar Offset Program Homebuyer Solar Option and Solar Offset Program < Back Eligibility Residential Savings Category Solar Buying & Making Electricity Program Info State California Program Type Building Energy Code Provider California Energy Commission [http://www.energy.ca.gov/2009-SOPR-1/documents/sb_1_bill_20060821_chapte... Senate Bill 1 of 2006], which established the statewide California Solar Initiative, also required the California Energy Commission (CEC) to implement regulations that require sellers of production homes to offer a solar energy system option to all prospective homebuyers. Besides offering solar as an option to prospective homebuyers, sellers of homes constructed on land for which an application for a tentative subdivision map has been

384

Memorandum, Enhanced Career Longevity and Retirement Options - June 30,  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Memorandum, Enhanced Career Longevity and Retirement Options - June Memorandum, Enhanced Career Longevity and Retirement Options - June 30, 2009 Memorandum, Enhanced Career Longevity and Retirement Options - June 30, 2009 June 30, 2009 On March 31, 2009 , the Department of Energy (DOE) Chief Health, Safety and Security Officxer commissioned a study to examine "realistic and reasponable options for improving the career opportunities and retirement prospects of protective force members while maintaining, within current and anticipated budgetary constraints, a robust and effective security posture. On March 31, 2009, the Department of Energy (DOE) Chief Health, Safety and Security Officxer commissioned a study to examine "realistic and reasponable options for improving the career opportunities and retirement prospects of protective force members while maintaining, within current and

385

H2 carrier gas dependence of Young's modulus and hardness of chemical vapor deposited polycrystalline 3C-SiC thin films  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper presents the mechanical properties of poly (polycrystalline) 3C-SiC thin films according to 0%, 7%, and 10% carrier gas (H"2) concentrations using nano-indentation. When H"2 concentration was 10%, it has been proved that the mechanical properties, ... Keywords: AFM, Hardness, Nano-indentation, Poly 3C-SiC, Young's modulus

Gwiy-Sang Chung; Ki-Bong Han

2008-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

386

Raman scattering of polycrystalline 3C-SiC film deposited on AlN buffer layer by using CVD with HMDS  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper presents the Raman scattering characteristics of poly (polycrystalline) 3C-SiC thin films deposited on AlN buffer layer by atmospheric pressure chemical vapor deposition (APCVD) using hexamethyldisilane (MHDS) and carrier gases (Ar+H"2). The ... Keywords: AlN, HMDS, Poly 3C-SiC, Raman scattering

Gwiy-Sang Chung; Kang-San Kim

2008-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

387

C:\\Documents and Settings\\mrbrown\\My Documents\\Downloads\\KCI Transportation Option F2011.doc Transportation Option #1  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

C:\\Documents and Settings\\mrbrown\\My Documents\\Downloads\\KCI Transportation Option F2011.doc Transportation Option #1 If you are a new KU international student arriving for the Fall 2011 semester during the last two weeks of July or the first two weeks of August, free shuttle transportation will be available

Peterson, Blake R.

388

Data:1eea6481-1640-416f-9596-3c72483cb49e | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

eea6481-1640-416f-9596-3c72483cb49e eea6481-1640-416f-9596-3c72483cb49e No revision has been approved for this page. It is currently under review by our subject matter experts. Jump to: navigation, search Loading... 1. Basic Information 2. Demand 3. Energy << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> Basic Information Utility name: Consumers Energy Co Effective date: 2012/06/08 End date if known: Rate name: GSD-Dynamic Pricing Pilot Sector: Commercial Description: The Dynamic Pricing Pilot is a voluntary pilot available at the discretion of the Company to Full Service Customers taking service under the Company's GSD tariff and whom have, or are selected to have, the required metering equipment and infrastructure installed. Customer eligibility to participate in this pilot is determined solely by the Company. The Company will furnish, install, maintain and own the required equipment at the customers' premises at the Company's expense for the

389

Data:047af524-6763-42fe-8762-3c91b426c727 | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

24-6763-42fe-8762-3c91b426c727 24-6763-42fe-8762-3c91b426c727 No revision has been approved for this page. It is currently under review by our subject matter experts. Jump to: navigation, search Loading... 1. Basic Information 2. Demand 3. Energy << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> Basic Information Utility name: PUD No 1 of Grays Harbor Cnty Effective date: 2013/01/01 End date if known: Rate name: SECOND RESIDENTIAL SERVICE RATE SCHEDULE 12E Sector: Residential Description: This schedule is available in all territory served by the District, for a second electric service to a single parcel of land which is primarily classified as a single-family residence. The second service will be fed from the same transformer that serves the primary residence. Examples include: services to garages, workshops and to domestic water wells under five horsepower serving a single parcel of land. The service shall not be used to serve buildings that are used as a commercial business, under a landlord agreement, as a separate residence on the same property, or to serve water wells that serve more than one parcel of land.

390

Natural Gas as a Fuel Option for Heavy Vehicles  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE), Office of Heavy Vehicle Technologies (OHVT) is promoting the use of natural gas as a fuel option in the transportation energy sector through its natural gas vehicle program [1]. The goal of this program is to eliminate the technical and cost barriers associated with displacing imported petroleum. This is achieved by supporting research and development in technologies that reduce manufacturing costs, reduce emissions, and improve vehicle performance and consumer acceptance for natural gas fueled vehicles. In collaboration with Brookhaven National Laboratory, projects are currently being pursued in (1) liquefied natural gas production from unconventional sources, (2) onboard natural gas storage (adsorbent, compressed, and liquefied), (3) natural gas delivery systems for both onboard the vehicle and the refueling station, and (4) regional and enduse strategies. This paper will provide an overview of these projects highlighting their achievements and current status. In addition, it will discuss how the individual technologies developed are being integrated into an overall program strategic plan.

James E. Wegrzyn; Wai Lin Litzke; Michael Gurevich

1999-04-26T23:59:59.000Z

391

HVAC Equipment Design Options for Near-Zero-Energy Homes (NZEH) -A Stage 2 Scoping Assessment  

SciTech Connect

Although the energy efficiency of heating, ventilating, and air-conditioning (HVAC) equipment has increased substantially in recent years, new approaches are needed to continue this trend. Conventional unitary equipment and system designs have matured to a point where cost-effective, dramatic efficiency improvements that meet near-zero-energy housing (NZEH) goals require a radical rethinking of opportunities to improve system performance. The large reductions in HVAC energy consumption necessary to support the NZEH goals require a systems-oriented analysis approach that characterizes each element of energy consumption, identifies alternatives, and determines the most cost-effective combination of options. In particular, HVAC equipment must be developed that addresses the range of special needs of NZEH applications in the areas of reduced HVAC and water heating energy use, humidity control, ventilation, uniform comfort, and ease of zoning. This report describes results of a scoping assessment of HVAC system options for NZEH homes. ORNL has completed a preliminary adaptation, for consideration by The U.S. Department of Energy, Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy Office, Building Technologies (BT) Program, of Cooper's (2001) stage and gate planning process to the HVAC and Water Heating element of BT's multi-year plan, as illustrated in Figure 1. In order to adapt to R&D the Cooper process, which is focused on product development, and to keep the technology development process consistent with an appropriate role for the federal government, the number and content of the stages and gates needed to be modified. The potential federal role in technology development involves 6 stages and 7 gates, but depending on the nature and status of the concept, some or all of the responsibilities can flow to the private sector for product development beginning as early as Gate 3. In the proposed new technology development stage and gate sequence, the Stage 2 'Scoping Assessment' provides the deliverable leading into the Gate 3 'Scoping Assessment Screen'. This report is an example of a Stage 2 deliverable written to document the screening of options against the Gate 3 criteria and to support DOE decision making and option prioritization. The objective of this scoping assessment was to perform a transparent evaluation of the HVAC system options for NZEH based on the applying the Gate 3 criteria uniformly to all options.

Baxter, Van D [ORNL

2005-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

392

3C.PDF  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

76 76 E. Aircraft Acquisition 1. Introduction In our November 1994 report entitled, "Audit of Department of Energy International Charter Flights," we reported that the Department had not established a systematic and cost- effective process to acquire international air services. We suggested that the Department establish written policy and procedures for acquiring international air service including clarification of the responsibilities for all interested parties. We stated that the written policy and procedures should clarify the responsibilities of the Office of Human Resources and Administration, Headquarters Procurement, and Office of Aviation Policy. In addition, in a December 20, 1994, memorandum to the Deputy Secretary we concluded that the

393

Fluorine for Hydrogen Exchange in the Hydrofluorobenzene Derivatives C6HxF(6-x), where x = 2, 3, 4 and 5 by Monomeric [1,2,4-(Me3C)3C5H2]2CeH; The Solid State Isomerization of [1,2,4-(Me3C)3C5H2]2Ce(2,3,4,5-C6HF4) to [1,2,4-(Me3C)3C5H2]2Ce(2,3,4,6-C6HF4)  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The reaction between monomeric bis(1,2,4-tri-t-butylcyclopentadienyl)cerium hydride, Cp'2CeH, and several hydrofluorobenzene derivatives is described. The aryl derivatives that are the primary products, Cp'2Ce(C6H5-xFx) where x = 1,2,3,4, are thermally stable enough to be isolated in only two cases, since all of them decompose at different rates to Cp'2CeF and a fluorobenzyne; the latter is trapped by either solvent when C6D6 is used or by a Cp'H ring when C6D12 is the solvent. The trapped products are identified by GCMS analysis after hydrolysis. The aryl derivatives are generated cleanly by reaction of the metallacycle, Cp'((Me3C)2C5H2C(Me2)CH2)Ce, with a hydrofluorobenzene and the resulting arylcerium products, in each case, are identified by their 1H and 19F NMR spectra at 20oC. The stereochemical principle that evolves from these studies is that the thermodynamic isomer is the one in which the CeC bond is flanked by two ortho-CF bonds. This orientation is suggested to arise from the negative charge that is localized on the ipso-carbon atom due to Co(delta+)-Fo(delta-) polarization. The preferred regioisomer is determined by thermodynamic rather than kinetic effects; this is illustrated by the quantitative, irreversible solid-state conversion at 25oC over two months of Cp'2Ce(2,3,4,5-C6HF4) to Cp'2Ce(2,3,4,6-C6HF4), an isomerization that involves a CeC(ipso) for C(ortho)F site exchange.

Andersen, Richard; Werkema, Evan L.; Andersen, Richard A.

2008-04-21T23:59:59.000Z

394

Data:3c6f03e4-8398-4aaa-940f-9516bd69f273 | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

the full interruptible control option, members agree to interrupt their entire electrical energy usage. Members may attain this full interruption through curtailment or with the...

395

Announcement Notice Options By STI Type | Scientific and Technical  

Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

Notices Notices Announcement Notice Options By STI Type Print page Print page Email page Email page The following list provides basic information regarding which announcement notice should be used by which audience for the various types of STI. For more information, see Submittal Basics. Announcement Options STI Product Types Announcement Notice Audiences AN 241.1 Web Version AN 241.1 Transmission Option Books/Monographs (non-copyrighted) Books/Monographs (copyrighted) Conference Papers/Presentations/Proceedings (non-copyrighted Conference Papers/Presentations/Proceedings (copyrighted) Journal Article Reprints (announcement notice only with adequate information to enable linking via Digital Object Identifier (DOI)) Journal Articles - Accepted manuscript Patents Program Documents

396

Local Option - Sustainable Energy Financing Districts | Department of  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Local Option - Sustainable Energy Financing Districts Local Option - Sustainable Energy Financing Districts Local Option - Sustainable Energy Financing Districts < Back Eligibility Commercial Residential Savings Category Home Weatherization Commercial Weatherization Sealing Your Home Heating & Cooling Commercial Heating & Cooling Cooling Other Design & Remodeling Windows, Doors, & Skylights Construction Heat Pumps Appliances & Electronics Commercial Lighting Lighting Insulation Bioenergy Solar Buying & Making Electricity Energy Sources Water Heating Wind Program Info Start Date 8/15/2009 State Louisiana Program Type PACE Financing '''''Note: The Federal Housing Financing Agency (FHFA) issued a [http://www.fhfa.gov/webfiles/15884/PACESTMT7610.pdf statement] in July 2010 concerning the senior lien status associated with most PACE programs.

397

Local Option - Commercial PACE Financing (Connecticut) | Department of  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Local Option - Commercial PACE Financing (Connecticut) Local Option - Commercial PACE Financing (Connecticut) Local Option - Commercial PACE Financing (Connecticut) < Back Eligibility Commercial Industrial Low-Income Residential Multi-Family Residential Savings Category Heating & Cooling Commercial Heating & Cooling Heating Home Weatherization Commercial Weatherization Sealing Your Home Cooling Construction Design & Remodeling Other Ventilation Heat Pumps Appliances & Electronics Commercial Lighting Lighting Manufacturing Insulation Windows, Doors, & Skylights Bioenergy Alternative Fuel Vehicles Hydrogen & Fuel Cells Energy Sources Buying & Making Electricity Solar Water Water Heating Wind Program Info Start Date 10/2012 State Connecticut Program Type PACE Financing Provider Clean Energy Finance and Investment Authority

398

Local Option - Green Building Incentives | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Local Option - Green Building Incentives Local Option - Green Building Incentives Local Option - Green Building Incentives < Back Eligibility Commercial Residential Savings Category Heating & Cooling Home Weatherization Construction Commercial Weatherization Commercial Heating & Cooling Design & Remodeling Bioenergy Solar Lighting Windows, Doors, & Skylights Heating Buying & Making Electricity Water Water Heating Wind Program Info Start Date 6/11/2009 State North Carolina Program Type Green Building Incentive To encourage sustainable building practices, North Carolina law allows all counties and cities to provide reductions or partial rebates for building permit fees. To qualify for a fee reduction, buildings must meet guidelines established by the Leadership in Energy and Environmental Design (LEED)

399

Local Option - Building Permit Fee Waivers for Renewable Energy Projects  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Local Option - Building Permit Fee Waivers for Renewable Energy Local Option - Building Permit Fee Waivers for Renewable Energy Projects (Connecticut) Local Option - Building Permit Fee Waivers for Renewable Energy Projects (Connecticut) < Back Eligibility Agricultural Commercial Construction Fed. Government General Public/Consumer Industrial Installer/Contractor Institutional Local Government Low-Income Residential Multi-Family Residential Nonprofit Residential Schools State Government Tribal Government Savings Category Bioenergy Alternative Fuel Vehicles Hydrogen & Fuel Cells Water Buying & Making Electricity Solar Home Weatherization Wind Program Info State Connecticut Program Type Solar/Wind Permitting Standards Provider Department of Energy and Environmental Protection As of July 2011, Connecticut authorizes municipalities to pass a local

400

Decoupling Policies: Options to Encourage Energy Efficiency Policies for  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Decoupling Policies: Options to Encourage Energy Efficiency Decoupling Policies: Options to Encourage Energy Efficiency Policies for Utilities, Clean Energy Policies in States and Communities, National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) (Brochure) Decoupling Policies: Options to Encourage Energy Efficiency Policies for Utilities, Clean Energy Policies in States and Communities, National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) (Brochure) This document discusses the policy of decoupling in utilities and how it can be used to encourage energy efficiency. 46606.pdf More Documents & Publications Greensburg, Kansas: Building a Model Green Community, How Would You Rebuild a Town - Green? April 2009 (Brochure) Greensburg, Kansas: A Better, Greener Place to Live (Revised) (Brochure) Rebuilding It Better: Greensburg, Kansas. Kiowa County Courthouse

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "development options 3c" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


401

Cost of Renewable Energy Technology Options | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Cost of Renewable Energy Technology Options Cost of Renewable Energy Technology Options Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: Cost of Renewable Energy Technology Options Focus Area: Solar Topics: Opportunity Assessment & Screening Website: www1.eere.energy.gov/tribalenergy/guide/renewable_technologies_costs.h Equivalent URI: cleanenergysolutions.org/content/cost-renewable-energy-technology-opti Language: English Policies: Deployment Programs DeploymentPrograms: Demonstration & Implementation This resource has been extracted and reformatted from the U.S. National Renewable Energy Laboratory's Power Technologies Energy Data Book. The data book is an excellent source of consistent information on renewable energy technology status and future expectations. Cost information is available

402

Local Option - Improvement Districts for Energy Efficiency and Renewable  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Local Option - Improvement Districts for Energy Efficiency and Local Option - Improvement Districts for Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy Improvements Local Option - Improvement Districts for Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy Improvements < Back Eligibility Agricultural Commercial Industrial Institutional Low-Income Residential Multi-Family Residential Residential Savings Category Home Weatherization Commercial Weatherization Sealing Your Home Heating & Cooling Commercial Heating & Cooling Cooling Design & Remodeling Windows, Doors, & Skylights Construction Heat Pumps Heating Appliances & Electronics Commercial Lighting Lighting Biofuels Alternative Fuel Vehicles Bioenergy Solar Hydrogen & Fuel Cells Buying & Making Electricity Water Water Heating Wind Program Info State Colorado Program Type PACE Financing

403

Cost and Performance Baseline for Fossil Energy Plants; Volume 3c: Natural Gas Combined Cycle at Elevation  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Baseline for Fossil Energy Plants Volume 3c: Natural Gas Combined Cycle at Elevation March 2011 DOE/NETL-2010/1396 Disclaimer This report was prepared as an account of work sponsored by an agency of the United States Government. Neither the United States Government nor any agency thereof, nor any of their employees, makes any warranty, express or implied, or assumes any legal liability or responsibility for the accuracy, completeness, or usefulness of any information, apparatus, product, or process disclosed, or represents that its use would not infringe privately owned rights. Reference therein to any specific commercial product, process, or service by trade name, trademark, manufacturer, or otherwise does not necessarily constitute or imply its endorsement, recommendation, or favoring by the United States

404

AN ACTIVE GALACTIC NUCLEUS DRIVEN SHOCK IN THE INTRACLUSTER MEDIUM AROUND THE RADIO GALAXY 3C 310  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We present results from a 57.6 ks Chandra observation of the cluster gas associated with the fat-double radio galaxy 3C 310. We find a surface brightness discontinuity in the gas outside the southern radio lobe that we attribute to a shock driven by the supersonic inflation of this lobe {approx}180 kpc from the nucleus. Modeling the surface brightness/density jump, the shock has Mach number 1.5-1.9, depending on the assumptions one makes about the density profile and the nature of the energy input. There are not sufficient counts in the image to detect conclusively the temperature jump associated with the shock. The total mechanical energy of the outburst is 5 Multiplication-Sign 10{sup 60} erg. Assuming a Mach 1.9 shock, the age of the outburst is {approx}100 million yrs, and the time-averaged power of the outburst is {approx}1.3 Multiplication-Sign 10{sup 45} erg s{sup -1}. The power input is 100 times greater than the radiative losses of the gas within the radius of the shock. Most importantly, the equivalent heat input due to the entropy increase is roughly 10% of the thermal energy of the gas to the radius of the shock. 3C 310 is another example where regular outbursts of the observed strength with a duty cycle of 0.1 could offset the radiative losses of the gas near the Bondi radius and regulate feedback. We also detect a cool filamentary X-ray arm along the eastern periphery of the southern radio lobe. This arm is probably composed of low-entropy gas dredged up in the inflation of the radio plasma, similar to features seen in M87.

Kraft, R. P.; Nulsen, P. E. J.; Forman, W. R.; Jones, C.; Murray, S. S. [Harvard/Smithsonian Center for Astrophysics, 60 Garden St., MS-4, Cambridge, MA 02138 (United States); Birkinshaw, M.; Worrall, D. M. [H. H. Wills Physics Laboratory, University of Bristol, Tyndall Avenue, Bristol BS8 1TL (United Kingdom); Croston, J. H. [School of Physics and Astronomy, University of Southampton, Southampton SO17 1SJ (United Kingdom); Hardcastle, M. J. [School of Physics, Astronomy, and Mathematics, University of Hertfordshire, Hatfield AL10 9AB (United Kingdom)

2012-04-10T23:59:59.000Z

405

Study of the Stability of 3C-SiC Single Crystals Using High-Resolution Diffuse X-Ray Scattering  

SciTech Connect

The stability of (001)-oriented 3C silicon carbide crystals is studied by a method coupling high resolution x-ray diffraction and numerical simulations. The analysis of the diffuse scattering intensity distribution along selected directions in reciprocal space allows us to obtain qualitative and quantitative informations regarding the 3C-6H transition. Our latest results concerning the influence of the initial crystal quality (presence of defects) and of annealing time on the 3C-6H transition are presented in this article.

Dompoint, D.; Boulle, A. [Science des Procedes Ceramiques et de Traitements de Surface (SPCTS) CNRS UMR 6638, ENSCI, 47 avenue Albert Thomas 87065 Limoges Cedex (France); Galben-Sandulache, I. G.; Chaussende, D. [Laboratoire des Materiaux et du Genie Physique (LMGP) CNRS UMR 5628, Grenoble INP, Minatec, 3 parvis Louis Neel, BP 257, 38016 Grenoble Cedex 01 (France)

2010-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

406

Expert Meeting Report: Windows Options for New and Existing Homes |  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Windows Options for New and Existing Homes Windows Options for New and Existing Homes Expert Meeting Report: Windows Options for New and Existing Homes The NorthernSTAR Building America Partnership held an Expert Meeting on Windows Options for New and Existing Homes on November 14, 2011 at the Nolte Building on the campus of the University of Minnesota in Minneapolis, MN. Featured speakers included John Carmody and Pat Huelman of the University of Minnesota, Charlie Curcija of Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, Jim Larson of Cardinal Glass Industries, Peter Yost of Building Green, Peter Baker of Building Science Corporation, and Theresa Weston of Du Pont Innovations. Audience participation was actively encouraged during each presentation to uncover need and promote dialog among researchers and

407

DOE Exercises Option for Mission Support Contract | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Exercises Option for Mission Support Contract Exercises Option for Mission Support Contract DOE Exercises Option for Mission Support Contract December 16, 2013 - 12:00pm Addthis Media Contact Cameron Salony, DOE 509-376-0402, Cameron.Salony@rl.doe.gov Mission Support Alliance to Provide Site Services at Hanford through May 2017 WASHINGTON, DC - The Department of Energy (DOE) is extending Mission Support Alliance's (MSA) contract for infrastructure and site services at the Hanford Site in southeastern Washington state by three years. In 2009, following a competitive bid, DOE awarded MSA a cost-plus-award-fee contract valued at approximately $3 billion for up to 10 years, with a five-year base period. The department is exercising the first of two options for extension. The contract has been extended through May 2017 for

408

Mandatory Utility Green Power Option | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Mandatory Utility Green Power Option Mandatory Utility Green Power Option Mandatory Utility Green Power Option < Back Eligibility Utility Savings Category Bioenergy Alternative Fuel Vehicles Hydrogen & Fuel Cells Buying & Making Electricity Water Solar Wind Program Info State New Mexico Program Type Mandatory Utility Green Power Option Provider New Mexico Public Regulation Commission In addition to meeting the requirements of the state [http://www.dsireusa.org/library/includes/incentive2.cfm?Incentive_Code=N... renewables portfolio standard], New Mexico investor-owned utilities (IOUs) are required to offer a voluntary program for purchasing renewable energy to customers. The voluntary renewable tariff may also allow consumers to purchase renewable energy within certain energy blocks and by source of

409

Realising REDD+: National Strategy and Policy Options | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Realising REDD+: National Strategy and Policy Options Realising REDD+: National Strategy and Policy Options Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: Realising REDD+: National Strategy and Policy Options Agency/Company /Organization: Center for International Forestry Research Sector: Land Focus Area: Forestry, Agriculture Topics: Implementation, Policies/deployment programs Resource Type: Publications Website: www.cifor.cgiar.org/publications/pdf_files/Books/BAngelsen0902.pdf References: Realising REDD+: National Strategy and Policy Options[1] "This book seeks to answer these questions by examining what REDD+ at the national level might look like in four areas: institutions and processes to build the REDD+ framework, broad policy reforms to enable REDD+ implementation, sectoral policies to change incentives, and demonstration

410

Local Option - Property Tax Exemption for Renewable Energy Systems |  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Local Option - Property Tax Exemption for Renewable Energy Systems Local Option - Property Tax Exemption for Renewable Energy Systems Local Option - Property Tax Exemption for Renewable Energy Systems < Back Eligibility Agricultural Commercial Industrial Residential Savings Category Bioenergy Solar Buying & Making Electricity Home Weatherization Water Heating & Cooling Commercial Heating & Cooling Heating Water Heating Wind Program Info State Rhode Island Program Type Property Tax Incentive Rebate Amount Varies (local option) Provider Rhode Island Office of Energy Resources Rhode Island allows cities and towns to exempt, by ordinance, renewable energy systems from property taxation. The term "renewable energy system" is not defined in the applicable statute (R.I. Gen. Laws § 44-3-21). Note that [http://dsireusa.org/incentives/incentive.cfm?Incentive_Code=RI02F&re=1&ee=1

411

Feebates: A Legislative Option to Encourage Continuous Improvements to  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Feebates: A Legislative Option to Encourage Continuous Improvements to Feebates: A Legislative Option to Encourage Continuous Improvements to Automobile Efficiency Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary Name: Feebates: A Legislative Option to Encourage Continuous Improvements to Automobile Efficiency Agency/Company /Organization: Rocky Mountain Institute Focus Area: Standards - Incentives - Policies - Regulations Topics: Best Practices Website: www.rmi.org/Knowledge-Center/Library/T08-09_FeebatesLegislativeOption The purpose of this paper is to provide information about feebates. This paper discusses: what a feebate is, why Rocky Mountain Institute (RMI) believes a feebate is a valuable tool, recent analysis that RMI had done on feebates, what the current status of the feebate is, and how the feebate could interact with existing laws.

412

NREL: Climate Neutral Research Campuses - Analyze Technology Options  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Analyze Technology Options Analyze Technology Options An effective climate action plan follows a portfolio approach and addresses each energy sector on campus. This section outlines how various technology options would fit into a campus climate action plan and provides examples of how others have used these technologies. Links to definitions, technology basics, and references are also provided. Use the Climate Action Planning Tool to identify which options will lead to the most significant reductions in consumption of fossil fuels and in turn meet campus greenhouse gas reduction goals. People and Policy People and Policy Formulate policies that have a long-term effect on energy consumption and identify human behaviors that lower energy use and greenhouse gas emissions. Energy Conservation

413

Energy Policy Options in Relation to the Public's Attitudes and...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Energy Policy Options in Relation to the Public's Attitudes and Risk Perceptions in Sweden Speaker(s): Mattias Viklund Date: February 7, 2002 - 12:00pm Location: Bldg. 90 Seminar...

414

Local Option- Property Tax Credit for High Performance Buildings  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Similar to Maryland's [http://www.dsireusa.org/library/includes/incentive2.cfm?Incentive_Code=M... Local Option Property Tax Credit for Renewable Energy], Title 9 of Maryland's property tax code...

415

Platforms and real options in large-scale engineering systems  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This thesis introduces a framework and two methodologies that enable engineering management teams to assess the value of real options in programs of large-scale, partially standardized systems implemented a few times over ...

Kalligeros, Konstantinos C., 1976-

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

416

DOE Hydrogen and Fuel Cells Program: New Report Analyzes Options...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

New Report Analyzes Options for Blending Hydrogen into Natural Gas Pipelines Mar 14, 2013 The U.S. Department of Energy's Fuel Cell Technologies Office has issued a new report...

417

Delta Hedged Option Valuation with Underlying Non-Gaussian Returns  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The standard Black-Scholes theory of option pricing is extended to cope with underlying return fluctuations described by general probability distributions. A Langevin process and its related Fokker-Planck equation are devised to model the market stochastic dynamics, allowing us to write and formally solve the generalized Black-Scholes equation implied by dynamical hedging. A systematic expansion around a non-perturbative starting point is then implemented, recovering the Matacz's conjectured option pricing expression. We perform an application of our formalism to the real stock market and find clear evidence that while past financial time series can be used to evaluate option prices before the expiry date with reasonable accuracy, the stochastic character of volatility is an essential ingredient that should necessarily be taken into account in analytical option price modeling.

Moriconi, L

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

418

Real options approach to capacity planning under uncertainty  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This thesis highlights the effectiveness of Real Options Analysis (ROA) in capacity planning decisions for engineering projects subject to uncertainty. This is in contrast to the irreversible decision-making proposed by ...

Mittal, Geetanjali, 1979-

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

419

Local Option - Property Tax Credit for Renewables and Energy Conservation  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Local Option - Property Tax Credit for Renewables and Energy Local Option - Property Tax Credit for Renewables and Energy Conservation Devices Local Option - Property Tax Credit for Renewables and Energy Conservation Devices < Back Eligibility Agricultural Commercial Industrial Low-Income Residential Multi-Family Residential Residential Savings Category Other Solar Buying & Making Electricity Heating & Cooling Commercial Heating & Cooling Heating Water Heating Maximum Rebate Varies by jurisdiction. Program Info State Maryland Program Type Property Tax Incentive Rebate Amount Varies by jurisdiction; credit may be available for up to 3 years. Title 9 of Maryland's property tax code provides local governments the option to allow a property tax credit for buildings equipped with a solar, geothermal or qualifying energy conservation device. These devices may be

420

Marketing energy conservation options to Northwest manufactured home buyers  

SciTech Connect

This study relies on extensive, existing survey data and new analyses to develop information that would help design a marketing plan to achieve energy conservation in new manufactured homes. Existing surveys present comprehensive information about regional manufactured home occupants and their homes that are relevant to a potential conservation marketing plan. An independent analysis of the cost-effectiveness of various efficiency improvements provides background information for designing a marketing plan. This analysis focuses on the economic impacts of alternative energy conservation options as perceived by the home owner. Identifying impediments to conservation investments is also very important in designing a marketing plan. A recent report suggests that financial constraints and the need for better information and knowledge about conservation pose the major conservation investment barriers. Since loan interest rates for new manufactured homes typically exceed site-built rates by a considerable amount and the buyers tend to have lower incomes, the economics of manufactured home conservation investments are likely to significantly influence their viability. Conservation information and its presentation directly influences the manufactured home buyer's decision. A marketing plan should address these impediments and their implications very clearly. Dealers express a belief that consumer satisfaction is the major advantage to selling energy efficient manufactured homes. This suggests that targeting dealers in a marketing plan and providing them direct information on consumers' indicated attitudes may be important. 74 refs.

Hendrickson, P.L.; Mohler, B.L.; Taylor, Z.T.; Lee, A.D.; Onisko, S.A.

1985-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "development options 3c" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


421

Technology Competition and Optimal investment Timing: A Real Options Perspective  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Companies often choose to defer irreversible investments to maintain valuable managerial flexibility in an uncertain world. For some technology-intensive projects, technology uncertainty plays a dominant role in affecting investment timing. This article analyzes the investment timing strategy for a firm that is deciding about whether to adopt one or the other of two incompatible and competing technologies. We develop a continuous-time stochastic model that aids in the determination of optimal timing for managerial adoption within the framework of real options theory. The model captures the elements of the decisionmaking process in such a way so as to provide managerial guidance in light of expectations associated with future technology competition. The results of this study suggest that a technology adopter should defer its investment until one technology’s probability to win out in the marketplace and achieve critical mass reaches a critical threshold. The optimal timing strategy for adoption that we propose can also be used in markets that are subject to positive network feedback. Although network effects usually tend to make the market equilibrium less stable and shorten the process of technology competition, we show why technology adopters may require more technology uncertainties to be

Robert J. Kauffman; Xiaotong Li

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

422

Reducing greenhouse gas emissions for climate stabilization: framing regional options  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) has stated that stabilizing atmospheric CO{sub 2} concentrations will require reduction of global greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions by as much as 80% by 2050. Subnational efforts to cut emissions will inform policy development nationally and globally. We projected GHG mitigation strategies for Minnesota, which has adopted a strategic goal of 80% emissions reduction by 2050. A portfolio of conservation strategies, including electricity conservation, increased vehicle fleet fuel efficiency, and reduced vehicle miles traveled, is likely the most cost-effective option for Minnesota and could reduce emissions by 18% below 2005 levels. An 80% GHG reduction would require complete decarbonization of the electricity and transportation sectors, combined with carbon capture and sequestration at power plants, or deep cuts in other relatively more intransigent GHG-emitting sectors. In order to achieve ambitious GHG reduction goals, policymakers should promote aggressive conservation efforts, which would probably have negative net costs, while phasing in alternative fuels to replace coal and motor gasoline over the long-term. 31 refs., 3 figs., 1 tab.

Laura Schmitt Olabisi; Peter B. Reich; Kris A. Johnson; Anne R. Kapuscinski; Sangwon Suh; Elizabeth J. Wilson [University of Minnesota, Saint Paul, MN (United States). Ecosystem Science and Sustainability Initiative

2009-03-15T23:59:59.000Z

423

Parametric Uncertainty Impacts on Option 2 Safety Significance Categorization  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This report describes an assessment to determine the impact of parametric uncertainty on the safety significance categorization of structures, systems, and components (SSCs) using risk-importance measures. The study supports Risk-Informed Option 2, which allows elimination of special treatment requirements for low-risk-significant SSCs. The U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC) has proposed an Option 2 Rulemaking, 10 CFR 50.69. Industry, through the Nuclear Energy Institute (NEI) with EPRI technical s...

2003-06-30T23:59:59.000Z

424

Power storage options for hybrid electric vehicles—A survey  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Hybrid electric vehicles (HEVs) are the future transportation structure as they provide better fuel economy. Energy storage devices are therefore required for the HEVs. The problem for deciding the optimum combination of power storage is still unresolved. The power storage options in this regard must have a feasible weight/energy ratio for better performance. This survey is about the comparison of different power storage options for HEV including the batteries

Hadeed Ahmed Sher; Khaled E. Addoweesh

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

425

The future is yours--Get ready! Career options in scientific and technical fields. Revision  

SciTech Connect

This 50 page brochure was developed by Brookhaven National Laboratory to encourage high school students to begin considering careers in the scientific and technical fields. The topics of the brochure include career selection, career options, a review of training required for each occupation, a collection of profiles of BNL employees describing how they chose and prepared for their careers, a description of BNL educational programs for high school students, and profiles of some of the students participating in these programs.

Not Available

1992-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

426

Methods for Systematic Evaluation of Emissions Reduction Options: Managing Risks from Climate Policies  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Climate policy creates substantial risks and opportunities for companies in the electric sector and the broader energy sector. Activities to reduce or offset greenhouse gas emissions differ widely in terms of scale, time horizon, timing of costs and benefits, and risk of costs and benefits. To develop effective climate risk management strategies, companies need to understand and systematically assess available emissions reduction options. This report introduces a fundamental framework to systematically a...

2003-12-17T23:59:59.000Z

427

Nuclear electricity is the least-cost option  

SciTech Connect

The use of integrated resource planning (IRP) as a tool for selecting the means to satisfy the need for new electricity heavily favors those options that are evaluated to have the least cost. The least-cost option these days, generally combined cycle burning natural gas, can generate electricity for between 3.5 to 4.0 {cents}/kW {times} h. The average generating cost of nuclear electricity, by comparison, is {approximately} 7.0 {cents}/kW {times} h, indicative of the economic challenge facing the nuclear industry. The future for the nuclear option may be better, if you believe that natural gas prices will increase. Studies by General Electric (GE) show that if these prices escalate at 3.5% above inflation, as DRI and others forecast, advanced nuclear plants will be in an economic dead heat with coal and combined-cycle/natural-gas plants, the primary baseload options. The use of environmental externalities can also change the evaluation of these competing technology options. When the cost of pollution emissions from fossil plants are factored in, studies show that nuclear electricity generation is the best economic option.

Redding, J.R. [GE, San Jose, CA (United States); Yates, R. [GE, Schenectady, NY (United States)

1994-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

428

Valuing innovative technology R&D as a real option : application to fuel cell vehicles  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This thesis aims to elucidate real option thinking and real option valuation techniques for innovative technology investment. Treating the fuel cell R&D investment as a real option for General Motor's light passenger vehicle ...

Tsui, Maggie

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

429

Teaching Direct Marketing and Small Farm Viability: Resources for Instructors - Unit 6, Land Tenure Options  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

this federal easement program. Resources Unit 6.0 | 13 LandTenure Options 14 | Unit 6.0 Land Tenure OptionsLecture Outline Resources Unit 6.0 | 1 Land Tenure Options

Miles, Albie; Brown, Martha

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

430

Data:3cf3c760-bd3d-4816-b05a-bf4940371998 | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

c760-bd3d-4816-b05a-bf4940371998 c760-bd3d-4816-b05a-bf4940371998 No revision has been approved for this page. It is currently under review by our subject matter experts. Jump to: navigation, search Loading... 1. Basic Information 2. Demand 3. Energy << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> Basic Information Utility name: Jackson Electric Member Corp Effective date: End date if known: Rate name: Outdoor Lighting Directional Flood MH 1000 W Wood Pole Sector: Lighting Description: Source or reference: http://www.jacksonemc.com/business-manage-my-account-commercial-rates-options/schedules/outdoor-lighting-service Source Parent: Comments Applicability Demand (kW) Minimum (kW): Maximum (kW): History (months): Energy (kWh) Minimum (kWh): Maximum (kWh): History (months): Service Voltage Minimum (V): Maximum (V): Character of Service

431

Pilot Plant Options for the MFE Roadmap  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

&D ·Plasma Material Interface Fusion Nuclear Facility Component test facility (CTF)* Pilot plant&D ·Plasma Material Interface Fusion Nuclear Facility Component test facility (CTF)* Pilot plant for a Nuclear Next Step ITER Demo Fusion S&T Research & Development ·High performance, steady state ·Materials R

432

Measures and Investment Options for Community Energy Conservation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Municipalities and electric and gas utilities have for the past decade offered ratepayers incentives for conserving energy. The energy conservation strategies used have varied depending on the goals of the local utility. The cost-effectiveness of these strategies, however, has been debated because of the limited activity in producing quantifiable data and the lack of documentation of methodologies. Because the cost-effectiveness and the reach of current energy programs is often unknown, the return on investment to the utility, city, or the ratepayer is often without quantifiable documentation. The development of municipal or utility energy conservation programs centers principally on economic and social issues. Utilities look at energy efficiency and demand management as a cheaper option than the construction of a new power plant. Municipalities consider energy efficiency because it promotes awareness and therefore helps keep utility bills low for its citizens. The two viewpoints may combine as in the case of the City of San Antonio and its municipally owned utility, City Public Service. A dilemma, therefore, arises when a municipally owned utility has excess capacity. The municipality demands that its utility provide for growth and maintain rates, two goals which may conflict. In this project, the City of San Antonio's Office of Public Utilities assessed the potential for energy conservation and its relationship to meeting the community's economic growth objectives. The project evaluated the municipally owned utility's energy conservation goals and objectives, current and future programs, and its forecasting and generation plans. Emphasis was placed on evaluating and developing cost-effective residential energy conservation programs designed for the San Antonio area and determining a "best-set" of programs based on a detailed economic analysis.

Myers, M. S.; Korinchock, D.

1986-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

433

Life-cycle cost analysis of energy efficiency design options for residential furnaces and boilers  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

additional first cost of energy efficiency design optionsS. Meyers, Cost and Energy Consumption of Energy Efficiencyadditional first cost of energy efficiency design options

Lutz, James; Lekov, Alex; Whitehead, Camilla Dunham; Chan, Peter; Meyers, Steve; McMahon, James

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

434

Quantum wells on 3C-SiC/NH-SiC heterojunctions. Calculation of spontaneous polarization and electric field strength in experiments  

SciTech Connect

The results of experiments with quantum wells on 3C-SiC/4H-SiC and 3C-SiC/6H-SiC heterojunctions obtained by various methods are reconsidered. Spontaneous polarizations, field strengths, and energies of local levels in quantum wells on 3C-SiC/NH-SiC heterojunctions were calculated within a unified model. The values obtained are in agreement with the results of all considered experiments. Heterojunction types are determined. Approximations for valence band offsets on heterojunctions between silicon carbide polytypes and the expression for calculating local levels in quantum wells on the 3C-SiC/NH-SiC heterojunction are presented. The spontaneous polarizations and field strengths induced by spontaneous polarization on 3C-SiC/4H-SiC and 3C-SiC/6H-SiC heterojunctions were calculated as 0.71 and 0.47 C/m{sup 2} and 0.825 and 0.55 MV/cm, respectively.

Sbruev, I. S.; Sbruev, S. B., E-mail: science@yandex.ru [Moscow Aviation Institute (Russian Federation)

2010-10-15T23:59:59.000Z

435

Option values of low carbon technology policies  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of spillovers across periods in the production process: plants that are developed initially reduce the cost of following projects. The effect of first period LCT plants on the aggregated expected cost (eq. 3) with 0=? is... are: carbon capture and storage (CCS), the new nuclear, solar thermal plants, and offshore windpower farms. These technologies require high upfront capital investments and long construction lead?times. Such new large...

Finon, Dominique; Meunier, Guy

2012-06-19T23:59:59.000Z

436

COHERENT LASER VISION SYSTEM (CLVS) OPTION PHASE  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The purpose of this research project was to develop a prototype fiber-optic based Coherent Laser Vision System (CLVS) suitable for DOE's EM Robotic program. The system provides three-dimensional (3D) vision for monitoring situations in which it is necessary to update the dimensional spatial data on the order of once per second. The system has total immunity to ambient lighting conditions.

Robert Clark

1999-11-18T23:59:59.000Z

437

Stormwater Management Options for Linear Projects  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This technical update provides an overview of the Effluent Limitation Guidelines (ELG) recently finalized by EPA for the construction and development industry (40 CFR Part 450) as well as a summary of practices that could be used by the utility industry to comply with the new regulation. The ELG requires construction site owners and operators to implement non-numeric erosion and sediment control measures and pollution prevention practices to control pollutants in discharges from construction sites and to...

2011-10-31T23:59:59.000Z

438

Options for reducing carbon dioxide emissions  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Improvements in energy efficiency can significantly reduce the annual growth in greenhouse gas emissions. Such improvements occur when energy intensity is reduced; no reduction in energy services is required. Using the concept of cost of conserved energy'' to develop conservation supply curves similar to resource supply curves, researchers consistently find that electricity and natural gas savings of nearly 50% of current consumption are possible for US buildings. Such reductions in energy consumption directly reduce emissions of greenhouse gases. To capture these savings, we must continue to develop energy-efficient technologies and strategies. This paper describes three recent energy-efficient technologies that benefited from energy conservation research and development (R D) funding: high-frequency ballasts, compact fluorescent lamps, and low-emissivity windows. Other advanced technologies and strategies of spectrally selective windows, superwindows, electrochromic windows, advanced insulation, low-flow showerheads, improved recessed lamp fixtures, whitening surfaces and planting urban trees, daylighting, and thermal energy storage are also discussed. 33 refs., 9 figs., 3 tabs.

Rosenfeld, A.H.; Price, L.

1991-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

439

NANA Strategic Energy Plan & Energy Options Analysis  

SciTech Connect

NANA Strategic Energy Plan summary NRC, as an Alaska Native Corporation, has committed to addressing the energy needs for its shareholders. The project framework calls for implicit involvement of the IRA Councils in the Steering Committee. Tribal Members, from the NRC to individual communities, will be involved in development of the NANA Energy Plan. NRC, as the lead tribal entity, will serve as the project director of the proposed effort. The NRC team has communicated with various governmental and policy stakeholders via meetings and discussions, including Denali Commission, Alaska Energy Authority, and other governmental stakeholders. Work sessions have been initiated with the Alaska Village Electric Cooperative, the NW Arctic Borough, and Kotzebue Electric Association. The NRC Strategic Energy Plan (SEP) Steering committee met monthly through April and May and weekly starting in June 2008 in preparation of the energy summit that was held from July 29-31, 2008. During preparations for the energy summit and afterwards, there was follow through and development of project concepts for consideration. The NANA regional energy summit was held from July 29-31, 2008, and brought together people from all communities of the Northwest Arctic Borough. The effort was planned in conjunction with the Alaska Energy Authority’s state-wide energy planning efforts. Over $80,000 in cash contributions was collected from various donors to assist with travel from communities and to develop the summit project. Available funding resources have been identified and requirements reviewed, including the Denali Commission, U.S. Dept. of Agriculture, and the Alaska Energy Authority. A component of the overall plan will be a discussion of energy funding and financing. There are current project concepts submitted, or are ready for submittal, in the region for the following areas: • Wind-diesel in Deering, Buckland, Noorik, and Kiana areas; potential development around Red Dog mine. • Biomass Feasibility analysis in the upper Kobuk; • Run of the river hydroelectric development for the Upper Kobuk; • Solar photovoltaic (PV) power demonstration projects for Noatak, Ambler, Selawik, Kiana, and Noorvik; • Heat Recovery for several communities; In September 2008, the NRC team participated at the Alaska Rural Energy Conference in Girdwood, Alaska In November 2008, the NRC team gave a presentation on the NANA regional energy plans at a DOE Tribal Energy Program conference in Denver, Colorado. In January 2009, the final SEP report was submitted to NRC.

Jay Hermanson; Brian Yanity

2008-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

440

Occultation of the radio source 2019+098 (3C411) by comet 1983e (Sugano-Saigusa-Fujikawa)  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

[This cometary occultation observation from June 1983 remained to be formally reported due to other preoccupations of the authors. It was presented in seminars to colleagues at Ooty, Bangalore and elsewhere. We now write it up as we have been asked about it by various colleagues at various times, and feel we owe it to them to put it firmly on record.] We planned and observed with Ooty Radio Telescope the occultation with Comet 1983e Sugano-Saigusa-Fujikawa of the extragalactic radio source 2019+098 = 3C411. The results are presented formally for the first time, along with a brief account of other cometary occultations and general background of planning, execution and interpretation of such observations which will be useful for other future observers. The occultation occurred at 07:52 IST on 12th June 1983. It amounted to 25% peak to peak fluctuation in the flux density of the radio source. The rough predicted occultation time was 07:24 IST. We interpret the results after refining the occultation time to allow...

Ananthakrishnan, S

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "development options 3c" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
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441

Microsoft Word - Accommodates All Generation Storage Options_Approved_2009_07_01_DISCLAIMER.docx  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

ACCOMMODATES ALL ACCOMMODATES ALL GENERATION AND STORAGE OPTIONS Developed for the U.S. Department of Energy Office of Electricity Delivery and Energy Reliability by the National Energy Technology Laboratory June 2009 Office of Electricity Delivery and Energy Reliability v 3.0 Accommodates All Generation and Storage Options 1 DISCLAIMER This report was prepared as an account of work sponsored by an agency of the United States Government. Neither the United States Government nor any agency thereof, nor any of their employees, makes any warranty, express or implied, or assumes any legal liability or responsibility for the accuracy, completeness, or usefulness of any information, apparatus, product, or process disclosed, or represents that its use would not infringe privately owned rights. Reference therein to any

442

Assessment of Startup Fuel Options for the GNEP Advanced Burner Reactor (ABR)  

SciTech Connect

The Global Nuclear Energy Program (GNEP) includes a program element for the development and construction of an advanced sodium cooled fast reactor to demonstrate the burning (transmutation) of significant quantities of minor actinides obtained from a separations process and fabricated into a transuranic bearing fuel assembly. To demonstrate and qualify transuranic (TRU) fuel in a fast reactor, an Advanced Burner Reactor (ABR) prototype is needed. The ABR would necessarily be started up using conventional metal alloy or oxide (U or U, Pu) fuel. Startup fuel is needed for the ABR for the first 2 to 4 core loads of fuel in the ABR. Following start up, a series of advanced TRU bearing fuel assemblies will be irradiated in qualification lead test assemblies in the ABR. There are multiple options for this startup fuel. This report provides a description of the possible startup fuel options as well as possible fabrication alternatives available to the program in the current domestic and international facilities and infrastructure.

Jon Carmack (062056); Kemal O. Pasamehmetoglu (103171); David Alberstein

2008-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

443

Demand-Side Management (DSM) Opportunities as Real-Options  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Demand-Side Management (DSM) Opportunities as Real-Options Demand-Side Management (DSM) Opportunities as Real-Options Speaker(s): Osman Sezgen Date: August 1, 2002 - 12:00pm Location: Bldg. 90 Seminar Host/Point of Contact: Kristina LaCommare As some end-users of energy and aggregators are choosing to be exposed to real-time prices and energy price volatility, they are coming across new DSM opportunities that would not be feasible under typical utility rate structures. Effective evaluation of such opportunities requires a good understanding of the wholesale energy markets and the use of models based on recent financial techniques for option pricing. The speaker will give examples of such modeling approaches based on his experience in the retail-energy industry. Specific examples will include evaluation of distributed generation, load curtailment, dual-fuel cooling, and energy

444

Local Option - Municipal Energy Districts | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Local Option - Municipal Energy Districts Local Option - Municipal Energy Districts Local Option - Municipal Energy Districts < Back Program Info State California Program Type PACE Financing ''''Note: The Federal Housing Financing Agency (FHFA) issued a [http://www.fhfa.gov/webfiles/15884/PACESTMT7610.pdf statement] in July 2010 concerning the senior lien status associated with most PACE programs. In response to the FHFA statement, most local PACE programs have been suspended until further clarification is provided.'''' Property-Assessed Clean Energy (PACE) financing effectively allows property owners to borrow money to pay for energy improvements. The amount borrowed is typically repaid via a special assessment on the property over a period of years. California has authorized local governments to establish such

445

Assess Site Factors That Affect Employee Commuting Options for Greenhouse  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Assess Site Factors That Affect Employee Commuting Options for Assess Site Factors That Affect Employee Commuting Options for Greenhouse Gas Profile Assess Site Factors That Affect Employee Commuting Options for Greenhouse Gas Profile October 7, 2013 - 1:52pm Addthis YOU ARE HERE: Step 2 After establishing an employee commuting behavior baseline for evaluating a greenhouse gas (GHG) profile, analyze the specific characteristics of the agency's major worksites to help determine which alternative commute methods and work arrangements are viable and what types of strategies may be most effective for promoting those alternatives. It is recommended that worksite-level data collection focus on worksites with the: Largest number of employees, or clusters of worksites with large employee populations in an area with diverse commuting infrastructure

446

Local Option - County Energy District Authority | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Local Option - County Energy District Authority Local Option - County Energy District Authority Local Option - County Energy District Authority < Back Eligibility Agricultural Commercial Industrial Institutional Nonprofit Residential Program Info State Oklahoma Program Type PACE Financing '''''Note: The Federal Housing Financing Agency (FHFA) issued a [http://www.fhfa.gov/webfiles/15884/PACESTMT7610.pdf statement] in July 2010 concerning the senior lien status associated with most PACE programs. [http://www.dsireusa.org/documents/Incentives/OK18F.htm S.B. 102] amended the law to make PACE loans junior and inferior to other liens. Effective November 1, 2011, this law should allow local governments to adopt PACE programs that are within the acceptable parameters established by the FHFA.''''' Property-Assessed Clean Energy (PACE) financing effectively allows property

447

Local Option - Renewable Energy Financing District/Solar Energy Improvement  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Local Option - Renewable Energy Financing District/Solar Energy Local Option - Renewable Energy Financing District/Solar Energy Improvement Special Assessments Local Option - Renewable Energy Financing District/Solar Energy Improvement Special Assessments < Back Eligibility Commercial Residential Savings Category Buying & Making Electricity Solar Heating & Cooling Commercial Heating & Cooling Heating Water Heating Wind Program Info Start Date 07/01/2009 State New Mexico Program Type PACE Financing Provider New Mexico Energy, Minerals and Natural Resources Department '''''Note: The Federal Housing Financing Agency (FHFA) issued a [http://www.fhfa.gov/webfiles/15884/PACESTMT7610.pdf statement] in July 2010 concerning the senior lien status associated with most PACE programs. In response to the FHFA statement, most local PACE programs have been

448

Local Option - Special Assessment of Wind Energy Devices | Department of  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Local Option - Special Assessment of Wind Energy Devices Local Option - Special Assessment of Wind Energy Devices Local Option - Special Assessment of Wind Energy Devices < Back Eligibility Agricultural Commercial Industrial Residential Savings Category Wind Buying & Making Electricity Program Info Start Date 01/01/1994 State Iowa Program Type Property Tax Incentive Rebate Amount Property valued at 0% of the net acquisition cost in the first assessment year, increasing annually by 5 percentage points to a maximum of 30% of the net acquisition cost in the 7th and succeeding years Provider Iowa Department of Revenue Any city or county in Iowa may pass an ordinance assessing wind energy conversion equipment at a special valuation for property tax purposes, beginning at 0% of the net acquisition cost in the first assessment year

449

Local Option - Solar, Wind and Biomass Energy Systems Exemption |  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Local Option - Solar, Wind and Biomass Energy Systems Exemption Local Option - Solar, Wind and Biomass Energy Systems Exemption Local Option - Solar, Wind and Biomass Energy Systems Exemption < Back Eligibility Agricultural Commercial Industrial Residential Savings Category Bioenergy Home Weatherization Commercial Weatherization Solar Lighting Windows, Doors, & Skylights Heating & Cooling Commercial Heating & Cooling Heating Buying & Making Electricity Swimming Pool Heaters Water Heating Wind Program Info Start Date 01/01/1991 State New York Program Type Property Tax Incentive Rebate Amount 100% exemption for 15 years (unless local jurisdiction has opted out) Provider Office of Real Property Tax Services Section 487 of the New York State Real Property Tax Law provides a 15-year real property tax exemption for solar, wind energy, and farm-waste energy

450

DOE Considers Natural Gas Utility Service Options: Proposal Includes  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Considers Natural Gas Utility Service Options: Proposal Considers Natural Gas Utility Service Options: Proposal Includes 30-mile Natural Gas Pipeline from Pasco to Hanford DOE Considers Natural Gas Utility Service Options: Proposal Includes 30-mile Natural Gas Pipeline from Pasco to Hanford January 23, 2012 - 12:00pm Addthis Media Contacts Cameron Hardy, DOE , (509) 376-5365, Cameron.Hardy@rl.doe.gov RICHLAND, WASH. - The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) is considering natural gas transportation and distribution requirements to support the Waste Treatment Plant (WTP) and evaporator operations at the Hanford Site in southeastern Washington State. DOE awarded a task order worth up to $5 million to the local, licensed supplier of natural gas in the Hanford area, Cascade Natural Gas Corporation (Cascade). Cascade will support DOE and its Environmental

451

Local Option - Commercial PACE Financing (Utah) | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Option - Commercial PACE Financing (Utah) Option - Commercial PACE Financing (Utah) No revision has been approved for this page. It is currently under review by our subject matter experts. Jump to: navigation, search Summary Last modified on April 2, 2013. Financial Incentive Program Place Utah Name Local Option - Commercial PACE Financing (Utah) Incentive Type PACE Financing Applicable Sector Commercial, Fed. Government, Industrial, Local Government, Multi-Family Residential, Nonprofit, State Government Eligible Technologies Boilers, Building Insulation, Caulking/Weather-stripping, Central Air conditioners, Chillers, Custom/Others pending approval, Doors, Energy Mgmt. Systems/Building Controls, Equipment Insulation, Furnaces, Heat pumps, Heat recovery, Lighting, Programmable Thermostats, Roofs, Windows, Daylighting, Geothermal Direct Use, Geothermal Electric, Geothermal Heat Pumps, Other Distributed Generation Technologies, Photovoltaics, Small Hydroelectric, Small Wind, Solar Water Heat, Wind

452

Local Option - Local Improvement Districts | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Local Option - Local Improvement Districts Local Option - Local Improvement Districts Local Option - Local Improvement Districts < Back Eligibility Commercial Industrial Multi-Family Residential Residential Program Info State Oregon Program Type PACE Financing Provider Oregon Department of Energy '''''Note: The Federal Housing Financing Agency (FHFA) issued a [http://www.fhfa.gov/webfiles/15884/PACESTMT7610.pdf statement] in July 2010 concerning the senior lien status associated with most PACE programs. In response to the FHFA statement, most local PACE programs have been suspended until further clarification is provided. ''''' Property-Assessed Clean Energy (PACE) financing effectively allows property owners to borrow money to pay for energy improvements. The amount borrowed is typically repaid via a special assessment on the property over a period

453

Local Option - Property Tax Assessment for Energy Efficient Buildings |  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Local Option - Property Tax Assessment for Energy Efficient Local Option - Property Tax Assessment for Energy Efficient Buildings Local Option - Property Tax Assessment for Energy Efficient Buildings < Back Eligibility Agricultural Commercial Industrial Institutional Low-Income Residential Multi-Family Residential Residential Savings Category Heating & Cooling Home Weatherization Construction Commercial Weatherization Commercial Heating & Cooling Design & Remodeling Program Info State Virginia Program Type Property Tax Incentive Provider Virginia Department of Taxation In March 2008, Virginia enacted legislation that would allow local jurisdictions to assess the property tax of energy efficient buildings at a reduced rate. Under this law, eligible energy-efficient buildings, not including the real property on which they are located, may be considered a