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1

Does economic development drive the fertility rebound in OECD countries?  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 Does economic development drive the fertility rebound in OECD countries? Angela Luci, Olivier Thévenon 167 2010 #12;2 #12;3 Does economic development drive the fertility rebound in OECD countries.thevenon@ined.fr We examine how far changes in fertility trends are related to ongoing economic development in OECD

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

2

Consistent Comparison of the Codes RELAP5/PARCS and TRAC-M/PARCS for the OECD MSLB Coupled Code Benchmark  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A generalized interface module was developed for coupling any thermal-hydraulic code to any spatial kinetic code. In the design used here the thermal-hydraulic and spatial kinetic codes function as independent processes and communicate using the Parallel Virtual Machine software. This approach helps maximize flexibility while minimizing modifications to the respective codes. Using this interface, the U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC) three-dimensional neutron kinetic code, Purdue Advanced Reactor Core Simulator (PARCS), has been coupled to the NRC system analysis codes RELAP5 and Modernized Transient Reactor Analysis Code (TRAC-M). Consistent comparison of code results for the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development/Nuclear Energy Agency main steam line break benchmark problem using RELAP5/PARCS and TRAC-M/PARCS was made to assess code performance.

Kozlowski, Tomasz [Purdue University (United States); Miller, R. Matthew [Purdue University (United States); Downar, Thomas J. [Purdue University (United States); Barber, Douglas A. [Information Systems Laboratories (United States); Joo, Han Gyu [Korea Atomic Energy Research Institute (Korea, Republic of)

2004-04-15T23:59:59.000Z

3

OECD Internet Economy Outlook 2012 Access the complete publication at  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

From: OECD Internet Economy Outlook 2012 Access the complete publication at: http://dx.doi.org/10 and development", in OECD Internet Economy Outlook 2012, OECD Publishing. http://dx.doi.org/10 of international law. #12;OECD Internet Economy Outlook © OECD 2012 63 Chapter 2 Internet trends and development

Weske, Mathias

4

OECD Economic Studies No. 33, 2001/II OECD 2001  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

OECD Economic Studies No. 33, 2001/II 9 © OECD 2001 THE DRIVING FORCES OF ECONOMIC GROWTH: PANEL ................................................................................................................................. 10 The determinants of economic growth...................................................................................... 24 The role of convergence and capital accumulation in the growth process...................... 26

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

5

Investigating greenhouse gas emission pathways In selected OECD countries using a hybrid energy-economy approach.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??This report outlines the development and analysis of CIMS OECD-EPM. CIMS OECD-EPM is a hybrid energy-economy model that forecasts energy consumption and GHG emissions in (more)

Goldberg, Suzanne

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

6

Governing Economic Globalization: The Pioneering Experience of the OECD  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

importance to the governance of the global economy. The General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade (GATT) and WTOGoverning Economic Globalization: The Pioneering Experience of the OECD Robert T. KUDRLE * The Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) has pioneered global governance in three areas

Levinson, David M.

7

THE PRODUCT CONSISTENCY TEST HOW AND WHY IT WAS DEVELOPED  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Product Consistency Test (PCT), American Society for Testing Materials (ASTM) Standard C1285, is currently used world wide for testing glass and glass-ceramic waste forms for high level waste (HLW), low level waste (LLW), and hazardous wastes. Development of the PCT was initiated in 1986 because HLW glass waste forms required extensive characterization before actual production began and required continued characterization during production ({ge}25 years). Non-radioactive startup was in 1994 and radioactive startup was in 1996. The PCT underwent extensive development from 1986-1994 and became an ASTM consensus standard in 1994. During the extensive laboratory testing and inter- and intra-laboratory round robins using non-radioactive and radioactive glasses, the PCT was shown to be very reproducible, to yield reliable results rapidly, to distinguish between glasses of different durability and homogeneity, and to easily be performed in shielded cell facilities with radioactive samples. In 1997, the scope was broadened to include hazardous and mixed (radioactive and hazardous) waste glasses. In 2002, the scope was broadened to include glass-ceramic waste forms which are currently being recommended for second generation nuclear wastes yet to be generated in the nuclear renaissance. Since the PCT has proven useful for glass-ceramics with up to 75% ceramic component and has been used to evaluate Pu ceramic waste forms, the use of this test for other ceramic/mineral waste forms such as geopolymers, hydroceramics, and fluidized bed steam reformer mineralized product is under investigation.

Jantzen, C; Ned Bibler, N

2008-12-15T23:59:59.000Z

8

OECD 2005 OECD Economic Studies No. 40, 2005/1  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of Economic Analysis, and Olga Spasic and Roya Ghafele of WIPO, as well as to OECD member country delegations most of the intellectual properties (e.g. copyrights on books, music, and software, patent rights

Lansky, Joshua

9

OECD/IEA 2013 World Renewable Energy  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

% Electricity Transport Industry Buildings Other sectors Non-OECD solid biomass Bioenergy Other renewables Non 2016 2018 2020 TWh Hydropower Bioenergy Onshore wind Offshore wind Solar PV CSP Geothermal Ocean-fired generation 2016 Nuclear generation 2016 Source: Medium-Term Renewables Market Report 2013 #12;© OECD/IEA 2013

Canet, Léonie

10

ISO/IEC/NIST/OECD Workshop: FINAL REPORT June 2008 ISO, IEC, NIST and OECD International workshop on documentary standards  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

ISO/IEC/NIST/OECD Workshop: FINAL REPORT June 2008 ISO, IEC, NIST and OECD International workshop and related procedures by the broader community. In particular, there is a pressing need to 1 of 40 #12;ISO

11

OECD DEVELOPMENT CENTRE Working Paper No. 94  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

and an increasing number of skilled-labor-intensive products, such as consumer electronics. China and ASEAN their average intra-regional trade share from 38 to 44 percent, China from 36 to 56 percent, and ASEAN from 36

Kammen, Daniel M.

12

Energy use and carbon emissions: Non-OECD countries  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This report surveys world energy use and carbon emissions patterns, with particular emphasis on the non-OECD countries. The non OECD is important not only because it currently makes up 84% of world population, but because its energy consumption, carbon emissions, population, and grow domestic product have all been growing faster than OECD`s. This presentation has seven major sections: (1) overview of key trends in non-OECD energy use and carbon emissions since 1970; (2) Comparison and contrasting energy use and carbon emissions for five major non OEDC regions (former Soviet Union and eastern Europe, Pacific Rim including China, Latin America, other Asia; Africa; 3-7) presentation of aggregate and sectoral energy use and carbon emissions data for countries within each of the 5 regions.

Not Available

1994-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

13

Livestock waste treatment systems of the future: A challenge to environmental quality, food safety, and sustainability. OECD Workshop  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

- operation and Development), Co-operative Research Programme: Biological Resource Management for Sustainable and to improve soil properties through accretion of soil organic matter. On the other hand, improperly managed quality, food safety, and sustainability. OECD Workshop This Special Issue of Bioresource Technology

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

14

RELAP5-3D Results for Phase I (Exercise 2) of the OECD/NEA MHTGR-350 MW Benchmark  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The coupling of the PHISICS code suite to the thermal hydraulics system code RELAP5-3D has recently been initiated at the Idaho National Laboratory (INL) to provide a fully coupled prismatic Very High Temperature Reactor (VHTR) system modeling capability as part of the NGNP methods development program. The PHISICS code consists of three modules: INSTANT (performing 3D nodal transport core calculations), MRTAU (depletion and decay heat generation) and a perturbation/mixer module. As part of the verification and validation activities, steady state results have been obtained for Exercise 2 of Phase I of the newly-defined OECD/NEA MHTGR-350 MW Benchmark. This exercise requires participants to calculate a steady-state solution for an End of Equilibrium Cycle 350 MW Modular High Temperature Reactor (MHTGR), using the provided geometry, material, and coolant bypass flow description. The paper provides an overview of the MHTGR Benchmark and presents typical steady state results (e.g. solid and gas temperatures, thermal conductivities) for Phase I Exercise 2. Preliminary results are also provided for the early test phase of Exercise 3 using a two-group cross-section library and the Relap5-3D model developed for Exercise 2.

Gerhard Strydom

2012-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

15

Vision Statement Marketing at Kent State University should consist of centrally developed, well-managed, well-funded  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of centrally developed, well-managed, well-funded and strategically placed image, message support and involvement. The Kent State University "Brand" Marketing research requirements to building brand equity. While terms such as "brand," "branding

Palffy-Muhoray, Peter

16

OECD-International Platform on Policy Coherence for Development | Open  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Office of InspectorConcentrating Solar Powerstories onFocus AreaDataBusPFAN) |AgnyFostering Innovation for Green

17

INL Results for Phases I and III of the OECD/NEA MHTGR-350 Benchmark  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Idaho National Laboratory (INL) Very High Temperature Reactor (VHTR) Technology Development Office (TDO) Methods Core Simulation group led the construction of the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD) Modular High Temperature Reactor (MHTGR) 350 MW benchmark for comparing and evaluating prismatic VHTR analysis codes. The benchmark is sponsored by the OECD's Nuclear Energy Agency (NEA), and the project will yield a set of reference steady-state, transient, and lattice depletion problems that can be used by the Department of Energy (DOE), the Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC), and vendors to assess their code suits. The Methods group is responsible for defining the benchmark specifications, leading the data collection and comparison activities, and chairing the annual technical workshops. This report summarizes the latest INL results for Phase I (steady state) and Phase III (lattice depletion) of the benchmark. The INSTANT, Pronghorn and RattleSnake codes were used for the standalone core neutronics modeling of Exercise 1, and the results obtained from these codes are compared in Section 4. Exercise 2 of Phase I requires the standalone steady-state thermal fluids modeling of the MHTGR-350 design, and the results for the systems code RELAP5-3D are discussed in Section 5. The coupled neutronics and thermal fluids steady-state solution for Exercise 3 are reported in Section 6, utilizing the newly developed Parallel and Highly Innovative Simulation for INL Code System (PHISICS)/RELAP5-3D code suit. Finally, the lattice depletion models and results obtained for Phase III are compared in Section 7. The MHTGR-350 benchmark proved to be a challenging simulation set of problems to model accurately, and even with the simplifications introduced in the benchmark specification this activity is an important step in the code-to-code verification of modern prismatic VHTR codes. A final OECD/NEA comparison report will compare the Phase I and III results of all other international participants in 2014, while the remaining Phase II transient case results will be reported in 2015.

Gerhard Strydom; Javier Ortensi; Sonat Sen; Hans Hammer

2013-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

18

OECD Input-Output Tables | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Office of InspectorConcentrating Solar Powerstories onFocus AreaDataBusPFAN) |Agny JumpNationalNovareNushagakOECD

19

Your access to OECD data & analysis Access content via 3 main methods  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Factbook. · GLOSSARIES for OECD reference and glossary publications. 2 Enter some terms into the SEARCH.oecd-ilibrary.org August 2010 #12;Quick Search Enter some terms into the quick SEARCH field to find related content will not search full-text content ­ see Advanced Search. Advanced Search Enter one term or more into the Option

Viglas, Anastasios

20

The analysis of the OECD/NEA/NSC PBMR-400 benchmark problem using PARCS-DIREKT  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The OECD/NEA/NSC PBMR-400 benchmark problem was developed to support the validation and verification efforts for the PBMR design. This paper describes the analysis of this problem using the PARCS-DIREKT coupled code system. The benchmark problem involved the use of two different cross-section libraries, one which was generated from a VSOP equilibrium core calculation and has no dependence on core conditions. The second library provides for dependence on five state parameters and was designed for transient analysis. The paper here reports the steady-state cases using the VSOP set of cross-sections. The results are shown to be in good agreement with those of VSOP. Also reported here are the results of the steady-state thermal-hydraulic DIRECKT solution with a given power profile obtained from VSOP equilibrium core calculation. This analysis provides some insight as to the most important parameters in the design of PBMR-400. (authors)

Seker, V.; Downar, T. J. [Purdue Univ., 400 Central Drive, West Lafayette, IN 47907 (United States)

2006-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "development oecd consists" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


21

An overview of the activities of the OECD/NEA Task Force on adapting computer codes in nuclear applications to parallel architectures  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Subsequent to the introduction of High Performance Computing in the developed countries, the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development/Nuclear Energy Agency (OECD/NEA) created the Task Force on Adapting Computer Codes in Nuclear Applications to Parallel Architectures (under the guidance of the Nuclear Science Committee`s Working Party on Advanced Computing) to study the growth area in supercomputing and its applicability to the nuclear community`s computer codes. The result has been four years of investigation for the Task Force in different subject fields - deterministic and Monte Carlo radiation transport, computational mechanics and fluid dynamics, nuclear safety, atmospheric models and waste management.

Kirk, B.L. [Oak Ridge National Lab., TN (United States); Sartori, E. [OCDE/OECD NEA Data Bank, Issy-les-Moulineaux (France); Viedma, L.G. de [Consejo de Seguridad Nuclear, Madrid (Spain)

1997-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

22

OECD/NEA Ongoing activities related to the nuclear fuel cycle  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

As part of its role in encouraging international collaboration, the OECD Nuclear Energy Agency is coordinating a series of projects related to the Nuclear Fuel Cycle. The Nuclear Science Committee (NSC) Working Party on Scientific Issues of the Nuclear Fuel Cycle (WPFC) comprises five different expert groups covering all aspects of the fuel cycle from front to back-end. Activities related to fuels, materials, physics, separation chemistry, and fuel cycles scenarios are being undertaken. By publishing state-of-the-art reports and organizing workshops, the groups are able to disseminate recent research advancements to the international community. Current activities mainly focus on advanced nuclear systems, and experts are working on analyzing results and establishing challenges associated to the adoption of new materials and fuels. By comparing different codes, the Expert Group on Advanced Fuel Cycle Scenarios is aiming at gaining further understanding of the scientific issues and specific national needs associated with the implementation of advanced fuel cycles. At the back end of the fuel cycle, separation technologies (aqueous and pyrochemical processing) are being assessed. Current and future activities comprise studies on minor actinides separation and post Fukushima studies. Regular workshops are also organized to discuss recent developments on Partitioning and Transmutation. In addition, the Nuclear Development Committee (NDC) focuses on the analysis of the economics of nuclear power across the fuel cycle in the context of changes of electricity markets, social acceptance and technological advances and assesses the availability of the nuclear fuel and infrastructure required for the deployment of existing and future nuclear power. The Expert Group on the Economics of the Back End of the Nuclear Fuel Cycle (EBENFC), in particular, is looking at assessing economic and financial issues related to the long term management of spent nuclear fuel. (authors)

Cornet, S.M. [OECD Nuclear Energy Agency, 12 Boulevard des Iles, 92130 Issy-les-Moulineaux (France); McCarthy, K. [Idaho Nat. Lab. - P.O. Box 1625, Idaho Falls, ID 83415-3860 (United States); Chauvin, N. [CEA Saclay, Nuclear Energy Division, 91191 Gif/Yvette (France)

2013-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

23

Mats Lindroos, Cristina Oyon and Stevey OECD "A High Power Spallation Source in each Global Region"  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

ESS Mats Lindroos, Cristina Oyon and Stevey Peggs #12;ESS 2 #12;OECD "A High Power Spallation Source in each Global Region" SNS Oak Ridge J-PARC Tokai ESS in Lund #12;ESS: Site selection process · ESS high up on the ESFRI list Th ti biddi f th it (Bilb L d d· Three consortia bidding for the site

McDonald, Kirk

24

THE NEXUS BETWEEN ENERGY CONSUMPTION AND ECONOMIC GROWTH IN OECD COUNTRIES: A DECOMPOSITION ANALYSIS  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 THE NEXUS BETWEEN ENERGY CONSUMPTION AND ECONOMIC GROWTH IN OECD COUNTRIES: A DECOMPOSITION ANALYSIS Sahar Shafiei, Ruhul A. Salim and Helen Cabalu School of Economics & Finance, Curtin Business the impacts of renewable and non-renewable energy consumption on economic activities to find out whether

25

A consistent, differential versus integral, method for measuring the delayed neutron yield in fissions  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Due to the persistent uncertainties: {approximately} 5 % (the uncertainty, here and there after, is at 1{sigma}) in the prediction of the `reactivity scale` ({beta}{sub eff}) for a fast power reactor, an international project was recently initiated in the framework of the OECD/NEA activities for reevaluation, new measurements and integral benchmarking of delayed neutron (DN) data and related kinetic parameters (principally {beta}{sub eff}). Considering that the major part of this uncertainty is due to uncertainties in the DN yields (v{sub d}) and the difficulty for further improvement of the precision in differential (e.g. Keepin`s method) measurements, an international cooperative strategy was adopted aiming at extracting and consistently interpreting information from both differential (nuclear) and integral (in reactor) measurements. The main problem arises from the integral side; thus the idea was to realize {beta}{sub eff} like measurements (both deterministic and noise) in `clean` assemblies. The `clean` calculational context permitted the authors to develop a theory allowing to link explicitly this integral experimental level with the differential one, via a unified `Master Model` which relates v{sub d} and measurables quantities (on both levels) linearly. The combined error analysis is consequently largely simplified and the final uncertainty drastically reduced (theoretically, by a factor {radical}3). On the other hand the same theoretical development leading to the `Master Model`, also resulted in a structured scheme of approximations of the general (stochastic) Boltzmann equation allowing a consistent analysis of the large range of measurements concerned (stochastic, dynamic, static ... ). This paper is focused on the main results of this theoretical development and its application to the analysis of the Preliminary results of the BERENICE program ({beta}{sub eff} measurements in MASURCA, the first assembly in CADARACHE-FRANCE).

Flip, A. [CEA, Cadarache (France); Pang, H.F. [Tsinghua Univ., Beijing (China); D`Angelo, A. [ENEA, Roma (Italy)

1995-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

26

Tell: Building a consistent,  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, Joseph M. Hellerstein, William R. Marczak UC Berkeley November 19, 2010 #12;Show and Tell: BuildingShow and Tell: Building a consistent, replicated shopping cart in Bloom Peter Alvaro, Neil Conway, Joseph M. Hellerstein, William R. Marczak Background The CALM Conjecture Introducing Bloom Writing

California at Irvine, University of

27

OECD MCCI project final report, February 28, 2006.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Although extensive research has been conducted over the last several years in the areas of Core-Concrete Interaction (CCI) and debris coolability, two important issues warrant further investigation. The first issue concerns the effectiveness of water in terminating a CCI by flooding the interacting masses from above, thereby quenching the molten core debris and rendering it permanently coolable. This safety issue was investigated in the Melt Attack and Coolability Experiments (MACE) program. The approach was to conduct large scale, integral-type reactor materials experiments with core melt masses ranging up to two metric tons. These experiments provided unique, and for the most part repeatable, indications of heat transfer mechanism(s) that could provide long term debris cooling. However, the results did not demonstrate definitively that a melt would always be completely quenched. This was due to the fact that the crust anchored to the test section sidewalls in every test, which led to melt/crust separation, even at the largest test section lateral span of 1.20 m. This decoupling is not expected for a typical reactor cavity, which has a span of 5-6 m. Even though the crust may mechanically bond to the reactor cavity walls, the weight of the coolant and the crust itself is expected to periodically fracture the crust and restore contact with the melt. The fractured crust will provide a pathway for water to recontact the underlying melt, thereby allowing other debris cooling mechanisms to proceed and contribute to terminating the core-concrete interaction. Thus, one of the key aims of the current program was to measure crust strength to check the hypothesis that a corium crust would not be strong enough to sustain melt/crust separation in a plant accident. The second important issue concerns long-term, two-dimensional concrete ablation by a prototypic core oxide melt. As discussed by Foit, the existing reactor material database for dry cavity conditions is solely one-dimensional. Although the MACE Scoping Test was carried out with a two-dimensional concrete cavity, the interaction was flooded soon after ablation was initiated to investigate debris coolability. Moreover, due to the scoping nature of this test, the apparatus was minimally instrumented and therefore the results are of limited value from the code validation viewpoint. Aside from the MACE program, the COTELS test series also investigated 2-D CCI under flooded cavity conditions. However, the input power density for these tests was quite high relative to the prototypic case. Finally, the BETA test series provided valuable data on 2-D core concrete interaction under dry cavity conditions, but these tests focused on investigating the interaction of the metallic (steel) phase with concrete. Due to these limitations, there is significant uncertainty in the partitioning of energy dissipated for the ablation of concrete in the lateral and axial directions under dry cavity conditions for the case of a core oxide melt. Accurate knowledge of this 'power split' is important in the evaluation of the consequences of an ex-vessel severe accident; e.g., lateral erosion can undermine containment structures, while axial erosion can penetrate the basemat, leading to ground contamination and/or possible containment bypass. As a result of this uncertainty, there are still substantial differences among computer codes in the prediction of 2-D cavity erosion behavior under both wet and dry cavity conditions. Thus, a second key aim of the current program was to provide the necessary data to help resolve these modeling differences. In light of the above issues, the OECD-sponsored Melt Coolability and Concrete Interaction (MCCI) program was initiated at Argonne National Laboratory. The project conducted reactor materials experiments and associated analysis to achieve the following technical objectives: (1) resolve the ex-vessel debris coolability issue through a program that focused on providing both confirmatory evidence and test data for the coolability mechanisms identified in previous

Farmer, M. T.; Lomperski, S.; Kilsdonk, D. J.; Aeschlimann, R. W.; Basu, S. (Nuclear Engineering Division); (NRC)

2011-05-23T23:59:59.000Z

28

Development of a self-consistent thermodynamic- and transport-property correlation framework for the coal conversion industry. Phase I. Semiannual report, September 1, 1980-February 28, 1981  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

During the first half year of this research program the following elements of research have been performed: (1) the development of an improved pure component data bank, including collection and processing of data which is 70% complete as to substance, (2) calculation of distillable coal fluid thermodynamic properties using a multiparameter corresponding states correlation, (3) application of the most general density-cubic equation of pure fluids and (4) initiation of research to extend the corresponding states correlation framework to polar fluids. Primary conclusions of the first phase of this research program are that the three parameter corresponding states correlation predicts lighter coal fluid properties to a reasonable level of accuracy, and that a cubic equation can predict pure fluid thermodynamic properties on par with non-cubic equations of state.

Starling, K.E.; Lee, L.L.; Kumar, K.H.

1981-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

29

OECD/NEA study on the economics of the long-term operation of nuclear power plants  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The OECD Nuclear Energy Agency (NEA) established the Ad hoc expert group on the Economics of Long-term Operation (LTO) of Nuclear Power Plants. The primary aim of this group is to collect and analyse technical and economic data on the upgrade and lifetime extension experience in OECD countries, and to assess the likely applications for future extensions. This paper describes the key elements of the methodology of economic assessment of LTO and initial findings for selected NEA member countries. (authors)

Lokhov, A.; Cameron, R. [OECD Nuclear Energy Agency, 12, boulevard des Iles, 92130 Issy-les-Moulineaux (France)

2012-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

30

Summary of important results and SCDAP/RELAP5 analysis for OECD LOFT experiment LP-FP-2  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This report summarizes significant technical findings from the LP-FP-2 Experiment sponsored by the Organization of Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD). It was the second, and final, fission product experiment conducted in the Loss-of-Fluid Test (LOFT) facility at the Idaho National Engineering Laboratory. The overall technical objective of the test was to contribute to the understanding of fuel rod behavior, hydrogen generation, and fission product release, transport, and deposition during a V-sequence accident scenario that resulted in severe core damage. An 11 by 11 test bundle, comprised of 100 prepressurized fuel rods, 11 control rods, and 10 instrumented guide tubes, was surrounded by an insulating shroud and contained in a specially designed central fuel module, that was inserted into the LOFT reactor. The simulated transient was a V-sequence loss-of-coolant accident scenario featuring a pipe break in the low pressure injection system line attached to the hot leg of the LOFT broken loop piping. The transient was terminated by reflood of the reactor vessel when the outer wall shroud temperature reached 1517 K. With sustained fission power and heat from oxidation and metal-water reactions, elevated temperatures resulted in zircaloy melting, fuel liquefaction, material relocation, and the release of hydrogen, aerosols, and fission products. A description and evaluation of the major phenomena, based upon the response of on line instrumentation, analysis of fission product data, postirradiation examination of the fuel bundle, and calculations using the SCDAP/RELAP5 computer code, are presented.

Coryell, E.W. [EG and G Idaho, Inc., Idaho Falls, ID (United States)

1994-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

31

Sixteen Years of International Co-operation. The OECD/NEA Co-operative Programme on Decommissioning  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Co-operative Programme on Decommissioning under the administration of the Radioactive Waste Management Committee of the OECD Nuclear Energy Agency (NEA) has recently completed sixteen years of operation. The Programme, which is essentially an information exchange programme between decommissioning projects, came into being in 1985. It has grown from an initial 10 decommissioning projects from 7 countries to 39 projects from 14 countries today. From purely information exchange to start with, the Programme has, in later years, been functioning as a voice for the collective expression of views of the implementers of nuclear decommissioning. During the first sixteen years of the operation of the Co-operative Programme, nuclear decommissioning has grown from local specialist activities within projects to a competitive commercial industry. By the dismantling and release from regulatory control of over a dozen diverse nuclear facilities, the Programme has been able to demonstrate in practice, that nuclear decommissioning can be performed safely both for the workers and the public, and that this can be done at reasonable costs in an environmentally friendly fashion. During the recent years, discussions and work within the Co-operative Programme, specially within some of the Task Groups, have had/are having effects and repercussions not just in the field of nuclear decommissioning, but can possibly affect activities and regulations in other industries. This paper describes how the Programme and its activities and procedures have evolved over the years and indicate the directions of developments in the organization and execution of decommissioning projects. Finally, it gives a brief overview of the achievements of the Cooperative Programme and visualizes future developments in the field of nuclear decommissioning.

Menon, S.; Valencia, L.

2002-02-25T23:59:59.000Z

32

Organisation for Economic Co-Operation and Development (OECD) | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Office of Inspector GeneralDepartmentAUDIT REPORTOpenWende New Energy CoFirstNovos Sistemas deOstsee

33

Organisation for Economic Co-Operation and Development (OECD) | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home5b9fcbce19 No revision hasInformation Earth'sOklahoma/GeothermalOrange County is a countyIncentives < Oregon

34

Ris Energy Report 5 Hydro, ocean and geothermal 4 This chapter gives an overview of the development of  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

in 2003. [1] OECD, 47% Latin America, 20% China, 11% Former USSR, 9% Other Asia, 7% Africa, 3% Non of the development of other renewable energy technologies such as hydro, ocean and geothermal. These technologies

35

TRACE/PARCS analysis of the OECD/NEA Oskarshamn-2 BWR stability benchmark  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

On February 25, 1999, the Oskarshamn-2 NPP experienced a stability event which culminated in diverging power oscillations with a decay ratio of about 1.4. The event was successfully modeled by the TRACE/PARCS coupled code system, and further analysis of the event is described in this paper. The results show very good agreement with the plant data, capturing the entire behavior of the transient including the onset of instability, growth of the oscillations (decay ratio) and oscillation frequency. This provides confidence in the prediction of other parameters which are not available from the plant records. The event provides coupled code validation for a challenging BWR stability event, which involves the accurate simulation of neutron kinetics (NK), thermal-hydraulics (TH), and TH/NK. coupling. The success of this work has demonstrated the ability of the 3-D coupled systems code TRACE/PARCS to capture the complex behavior of BWR stability events. The problem was released as an international OECD/NEA benchmark, and it is the first benchmark based on measured plant data for a stability event with a DR greater than one. Interested participants are invited to contact authors for more information. (authors)

Kozlowski, T. [Univ. of Illinois, Urbana-Champaign, IL (United States); Downar, T.; Xu, Y.; Wysocki, A. [Univ. of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI (United States); Ivanov, K.; Magedanz, J.; Hardgrove, M. [Pennsylvania State Univ., Univ. Park, PA (United States); March-Leuba, J. [Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Oak Ridge, TN (United States); Hudson, N.; Woodyatt, D. [Nuclear Regulatory Commission, Rockville, MD (United States)

2012-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

36

The structure and intensity of energy use: Trends in five OECD nations  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This paper examines trends in the structure and intensity of final energy demand in five OECD nations between 1973 and 1988. Our focus is on primary energy use, which weights fuels by their thermal content and multiplies district heat and electricity by factors of 1.15 and 3.24 to approximate the losses that occur in the conversion and distribution of these energy carriers. Growth in the level of energy-using activities, given 1973 energy intensities (energy use per unit of activity), would have raised primary energy use by 47% in the US, 44% in Norway, 33% in Denmark, 37% in West Germany, and 54% in Japan. Reductions in end-use energy intensities, given 1973 activity levels, would have reduced primary energy use by 20% in the US, 3% in Norway, 20% in Denmark, 17% in West Germany, and 14% in Japan. Growth in national income parallelled increases in a weighted index of energy-using activities in the US, West Germany, and Denmark but substantially outstripped activity growth in Norway and Japan. We conclude that changes in the structure of a nation's economy may lead to substantial changes in its energy/GDP ratio that are unrelated to changes in the technical efficiency of energy utilization. Similarly, changes in energy intensities may be greater or less than the aggregate change in the energy/GDP ratio of a given country, a further warning that this ratio may be an unreliable indicator of technical efficiency.

Howarth, R.B.; Schipper, L.; Andersson, B.

1992-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

37

The structure and intensity of energy use: Trends in five OECD nations  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This paper examines trends in the structure and intensity of final energy demand in five OECD nations between 1973 and 1988. Our focus is on primary energy use, which weights fuels by their thermal content and multiplies district heat and electricity by factors of 1.15 and 3.24 to approximate the losses that occur in the conversion and distribution of these energy carriers. Grouch in the level of energy-using activities, given 1973 energy intensities (energy use per unit of activity), would have raised primary energy use by 46% in the US, 42% in Norway, 33% in Denmark, 37% in West Germany, and 53% in Japan. Reductions in end-use energy intensities, given 1973 activity levels, would have reduced primary energy use by 19% in the US, 3% in Norway, 20% in Denmark, 15% in West Germany, and l4% in Japan. Growth in national income parallelled increases in a weighted index of energy-using activities in the US, West Germany, and Denmark but substantially outstripped activity growth in Norway and Japan. We conclude that changes in the structure of a nation's economy may lead to substantial changes in its energy/GDP ratio that are unrelated to changes in the technical efficiency of energy utilization. Similarly, changes in energy intensities may be greater or less than the aggregate change in the energy/GDP ratio of a given country, a further warning that this ratio may be an unreliable indicator of technical efficiency.

Howarth, R.B.; Schipper, L. (Lawrence Berkeley Lab., CA (United States)); Andersson, B. (Stockholm School of Economics (Sweden))

1992-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

38

The structure and intensity of energy use: Trends in five OECD nations  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This paper examines trends in the structure and intensity of final energy demand in five OECD nations between 1973 and 1988. Our focus is on primary energy use, which weights fuels by their thermal content and multiplies district heat and electricity by factors of 1.15 and 3.24 to approximate the losses that occur in the conversion and distribution of these energy carriers. Growth in the level of energy-using activities, given 1973 energy intensities (energy use per unit of activity), would have raised primary energy use by 47% in the US, 44% in Norway, 33% in Denmark, 37% in West Germany, and 54% in Japan. Reductions in end-use energy intensities, given 1973 activity levels, would have reduced primary energy use by 20% in the US, 3% in Norway, 20% in Denmark, 17% in West Germany, and 14% in Japan. Growth in national income parallelled increases in a weighted index of energy-using activities in the US, West Germany, and Denmark but substantially outstripped activity growth in Norway and Japan. We conclude that changes in the structure of a nation`s economy may lead to substantial changes in its energy/GDP ratio that are unrelated to changes in the technical efficiency of energy utilization. Similarly, changes in energy intensities may be greater or less than the aggregate change in the energy/GDP ratio of a given country, a further warning that this ratio may be an unreliable indicator of technical efficiency.

Howarth, R.B.; Schipper, L.; Andersson, B.

1992-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

39

The structure and intensity of energy use: Trends in five OECD nations. Revision  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This paper examines trends in the structure and intensity of final energy demand in five OECD nations between 1973 and 1988. Our focus is on primary energy use, which weights fuels by their thermal content and multiplies district heat and electricity by factors of 1.15 and 3.24 to approximate the losses that occur in the conversion and distribution of these energy carriers. Grouch in the level of energy-using activities, given 1973 energy intensities (energy use per unit of activity), would have raised primary energy use by 46% in the US, 42% in Norway, 33% in Denmark, 37% in West Germany, and 53% in Japan. Reductions in end-use energy intensities, given 1973 activity levels, would have reduced primary energy use by 19% in the US, 3% in Norway, 20% in Denmark, 15% in West Germany, and l4% in Japan. Growth in national income parallelled increases in a weighted index of energy-using activities in the US, West Germany, and Denmark but substantially outstripped activity growth in Norway and Japan. We conclude that changes in the structure of a nation`s economy may lead to substantial changes in its energy/GDP ratio that are unrelated to changes in the technical efficiency of energy utilization. Similarly, changes in energy intensities may be greater or less than the aggregate change in the energy/GDP ratio of a given country, a further warning that this ratio may be an unreliable indicator of technical efficiency.

Howarth, R.B.; Schipper, L. [Lawrence Berkeley Lab., CA (United States); Andersson, B. [Stockholm School of Economics (Sweden)

1992-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

40

Comparison of the PHISICS/RELAP5-3D Ring and Block Model Results for Phase I of the OECD MHTGR-350 Benchmark  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The INL PHISICS code system consists of three modules providing improved core simulation capability: INSTANT (performing 3D nodal transport core calculations), MRTAU (depletion and decay heat generation) and a perturbation/mixer module. Coupling of the PHISICS code suite to the thermal hydraulics system code RELAP5-3D has recently been finalized, and as part of the code verification and validation program the exercises defined for Phase I of the OECD/NEA MHTGR 350 MW Benchmark were completed. This paper provides an overview of the MHTGR Benchmark, and presents selected results of the three steady state exercises 1-3 defined for Phase I. For Exercise 1, a stand-alone steady-state neutronics solution for an End of Equilibrium Cycle Modular High Temperature Reactor (MHTGR) was calculated with INSTANT, using the provided geometry, material descriptions, and detailed cross-section libraries. Exercise 2 required the modeling of a stand-alone thermal fluids solution. The RELAP5-3D results of four sub-cases are discussed, consisting of various combinations of coolant bypass flows and material thermophysical properties. Exercise 3 combined the first two exercises in a coupled neutronics and thermal fluids solution, and the coupled code suite PHISICS/RELAP5-3D was used to calculate the results of two sub-cases. The main focus of the paper is a comparison of the traditional RELAP5-3D ring model approach vs. a much more detailed model that include kinetics feedback on individual block level and thermal feedbacks on a triangular sub-mesh. The higher fidelity of the block model is illustrated with comparison results on the temperature, power density and flux distributions, and the typical under-predictions produced by the ring model approach are highlighted.

Gerhard Strydom

2014-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "development oecd consists" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


41

New Multi-group Transport Neutronics (PHISICS) Capabilities for RELAP5-3D and its Application to Phase I of the OECD/NEA MHTGR-350 MW Benchmark  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

PHISICS is a neutronics code system currently under development at the Idaho National Laboratory (INL). Its goal is to provide state of the art simulation capability to reactor designers. The different modules for PHISICS currently under development are a nodal and semi-structured transport core solver (INSTANT), a depletion module (MRTAU) and a cross section interpolation (MIXER) module. The INSTANT module is the most developed of the mentioned above. Basic functionalities are ready to use, but the code is still in continuous development to extend its capabilities. This paper reports on the effort of coupling the nodal kinetics code package PHISICS (INSTANT/MRTAU/MIXER) to the thermal hydraulics system code RELAP5-3D, to enable full core and system modeling. This will enable the possibility to model coupled (thermal-hydraulics and neutronics) problems with more options for 3D neutron kinetics, compared to the existing diffusion theory neutron kinetics module in RELAP5-3D (NESTLE). In the second part of the paper, an overview of the OECD/NEA MHTGR-350 MW benchmark is given. This benchmark has been approved by the OECD, and is based on the General Atomics 350 MW Modular High Temperature Gas Reactor (MHTGR) design. The benchmark includes coupled neutronics thermal hydraulics exercises that require more capabilities than RELAP5-3D with NESTLE offers. Therefore, the MHTGR benchmark makes extensive use of the new PHISICS/RELAP5-3D coupling capabilities. The paper presents the preliminary results of the three steady state exercises specified in Phase I of the benchmark using PHISICS/RELAP5-3D.

Gerhard Strydom; Cristian Rabiti; Andrea Alfonsi

2012-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

42

BILIWG: Consistent "Figures of Merit" (Presentation)  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

BILIWG: Consistent "Figures of Merit" A finite set of results reported in consistent units * To track progress of individual projects on a consistent basis * To enable comparing...

43

The Effect of Energy Prices on Operation and Investment in OECD Countries: Evidence from the Vintage Capital Model  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

www.electricitypolicy.org.uk E P R G W O R K IN G P A P E R N O N -T E C H N IC A L S U M M A R Y The Effect of Energy Prices on Operation and Investment in OECD Countries: Evidence from the Vintage Capital Model EPRG Working Paper... 0922 Cambridge Working Paper in Economics 0933 Jevgenijs Steinbuks, Andreia Meshreky, and Karsten Neuhoff Empirical analysis of the effect of energy prices on energy use has been so far limited by the ability of econometric models to reflect...

Steinbuks, J; Meshreky, A; Neuhoff, Karsten

44

Prof. Dr. Uwe Holtz Universitt Bonn Am Hofgarten 15D -53113 Bonn UHoltz@aol.com www.uni-bonn.de/~uholtz1 OECD (Hg.): DAC Peer Review Germany, Paris 2006.4  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

.uni-bonn.de/~uholtz1 6.4.072 3 OECD (Hg.): DAC Peer Review Germany, Paris 2006.4 (www.oecd.org/dataoecd/54 of poorer countries but need for greater strategic selectivity8 9 Germany has never stated a preference in favor of specific groups of countries. Germany admits10 that poorest countries need donors' full support

Franz, Sven Oliver

45

Proceedings of the OECD/CSNI workshop on transient thermal-hydraulic and neutronic codes requirements  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This is a report on the CSNI Workshop on Transient Thermal-Hydraulic and Neutronic Codes Requirements held at Annapolis, Maryland, USA November 5-8, 1996. This experts` meeting consisted of 140 participants from 21 countries; 65 invited papers were presented. The meeting was divided into five areas: (1) current and prospective plans of thermal hydraulic codes development; (2) current and anticipated uses of thermal-hydraulic codes; (3) advances in modeling of thermal-hydraulic phenomena and associated additional experimental needs; (4) numerical methods in multi-phase flows; and (5) programming language, code architectures and user interfaces. The workshop consensus identified the following important action items to be addressed by the international community in order to maintain and improve the calculational capability: (a) preserve current code expertise and institutional memory, (b) preserve the ability to use the existing investment in plant transient analysis codes, (c) maintain essential experimental capabilities, (d) develop advanced measurement capabilities to support future code validation work, (e) integrate existing analytical capabilities so as to improve performance and reduce operating costs, (f) exploit the proven advances in code architecture, numerics, graphical user interfaces, and modularization in order to improve code performance and scrutibility, and (g) more effectively utilize user experience in modifying and improving the codes.

Ebert, D.

1997-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

46

Self-consistent resonance in a plasma  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

As an application of the solution of the equations of electromagnetic self-consistency in a plasma, found in a previous paper, the study of controlled thermo-nuclear fusion is undertaken. This study utilizes the resonance which can be developed in the plasma, as indicated by the above solution, and is based to an analysis of the underlying forced oscillation under friction. As a consequence, we find that, in this way, controlled thermonuclear fusion seems now to be feasible in principle. The treatment is rather elementary, and it may serve as a guide for more detailed calculations.

Evangelos Chaliasos

2005-10-14T23:59:59.000Z

47

Electricity reform in developing and transition countries: A reappraisal  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Electricity reform in developing and transition countries: A reappraisal J.H. Williams, R. Ghanadan-oriented reforms in their electric power sectors. Despite the widespread adoption of a standard policy model features of non-OECD electricity reform and reappraises reform policies and underlying assumptions

Kammen, Daniel M.

48

OECD/MCCI 2-D Core Concrete Interaction (CCI) tests : final report February 28, 2006.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Although extensive research has been conducted over the last several years in the areas of Core-Concrete Interaction (CCI) and debris coolability, two important issues warrant further investigation. The first issue concerns the effectiveness of water in terminating a CCI by flooding the interacting masses from above, thereby quenching the molten core debris and rendering it permanently coolable. This safety issue was investigated in the EPRI-sponsored Melt Attack and Coolability Experiments (MACE) program. The approach was to conduct large scale, integral-type reactor materials experiments with core melt masses ranging up to two metric tons. These experiments provided unique, and for the most part repeatable, indications of heat transfer mechanism(s) that could provide long term debris cooling. However, the results did not demonstrate definitively that a melt would always be completely quenched. This was due to the fact that the crust anchored to the test section sidewalls in every test, which led to melt/crust separation, even at the largest test section lateral span of 1.20 m. This decoupling is not expected for a typical reactor cavity, which has a span of 5-6 m. Even though the crust may mechanically bond to the reactor cavity walls, the weight of the coolant and the crust itself is expected to periodically fracture the crust and restore contact with the melt. Although crust fracturing does not ensure that coolability will be achieved, it nonetheless provides a pathway for water to recontact the underlying melt, thereby allowing other debris cooling mechanisms to proceed. A related task of the current program, which is not addressed in this particular report, is to measure crust strength to check the hypothesis that a corium crust would not be strong enough to sustain melt/crust separation in a plant accident. The second important issue concerns long-term, two-dimensional concrete ablation by a prototypic core oxide melt. As discussed by Foit the existing reactor material database for dry cavity conditions is solely one-dimensional. Although the MACE Scoping Test was carried out with a two-dimensional concrete cavity, the interaction was flooded soon after ablation was initiated to investigate debris coolability. Moreover, due to the scoping nature of this test, the apparatus was minimally instrumented and therefore the results are of limited value from the code validation viewpoint. Aside from the MACE program, the COTELS test series also investigated 2-D CCI under flooded cavity conditions. However, the input power density for these tests was quite high relative to the prototypic case. Finally, the BETA test series provided valuable data on 2-D core concrete interaction under dry cavity conditions, but these tests focused on investigating the interaction of the metallic (steel) phase with concrete. Due to these limitations, there is significant uncertainty in the partition of energy dissipated for the ablation of concrete in the lateral and axial directions under dry cavity conditions for the case of a core oxide melt. Accurate knowledge of this 'power split' is important in the evaluation of the consequences of an ex-vessel severe accident; e.g., lateral erosion can undermine containment structures, while axial erosion can penetrate the basemat, leading to ground contamination and/or possible containment bypass. As a result of this uncertainty, there are still substantial differences among computer codes in the prediction of 2-D cavity erosion behavior under both wet and dry cavity conditions. In light of the above issues, the OECD-sponsored Melt Coolability and Concrete Interaction (MCCI) program was initiated at Argonne National Laboratory. The project conducted reactor materials experiments and associated analysis to achieve the following technical objectives: (1) resolve the ex-vessel debris coolability issue through a program that focused on providing both confirmatory evidence and test data for the coolability mechanisms identified in MACE integral effects tests, and (2) address remaining uncertainties relat

Farmer, M. T.; Lomperski, S.; Kilsdonk, D. J.; Aeschlimann, R. W.; Basu, S. (Nuclear Engineering Division); (NRC)

2011-05-23T23:59:59.000Z

49

Static Consistency Checking for Distributed Specifications  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Static Consistency Checking for Distributed Specifications Christian Nentwich, Wolfgang Emmerich, UK {c.nentwich,w.emmerich,a.finkelstein}@cs.ucl.ac.uk Abstract Software engineers building a complex

Finkelstein, Anthony

50

The Rate of Return to Research and Development in Energy* David Corderi  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

industry and in the electricity, natural gas and water supply industries for a number of OECD countries Abstract This paper estimates the rate of return to research and development in the energy industry and energy efficiency, and has declined for fossil fuel and nuclear technology (Corderi & Lin, 2011; Kammen

Lin, C.-Y. Cynthia

51

Consistent nonlinear dynamics: identifying model inadequacy  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Empirical modelling often aims for the simplest model consistent with the data. A new technique is presented which quantifies the consistency of the model dynamics as a function of location in state space. As is well-known, traditional statistics of nonlinear models like root-mean-square (RMS) forecast error can prove misleading. Testing consistency is shown to overcome some of the deficiencies of RMS error, both within the perfect model scenario and when applied to data from several physical systems using previously published models. In particular, testing for consistent nonlinear dynamics provides insight towards (i) identifying when a delay reconstruction fails to be an embedding, (ii) allowing state dependent model selection and (iii) optimising local neighbourhood size. It also provides a more relevant (state dependent) threshold for identifying false nearest neighbours.

Patrick E. McSharry; Leonard A. Smith

2004-03-09T23:59:59.000Z

52

Formalization of the data flow diagram rules for consistency check  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In system development life cycle (SDLC), a system model can be developed using Data Flow Diagram (DFD). DFD is graphical diagrams for specifying, constructing and visualizing the model of a system. DFD is used in defining the requirements in a graphical view. In this paper, we focus on DFD and its rules for drawing and defining the diagrams. We then formalize these rules and develop the tool based on the formalized rules. The formalized rules for consistency check between the diagrams are used in developing the tool. This is to ensure the syntax for drawing the diagrams is correct and strictly followed. The tool automates the process of manual consistency check between data flow diagrams.

Ibrahim, Rosziati; 10.5121/ijsea.2010.1406

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

53

Self-consistent quasi-particle model for relativistic plasma  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Relativistic plasma with radiation at thermodynamic equilibrium is ageneral system of interest in astrophysics and high energy physics. We develop a new self-consistent quasi-particle model for such a system to take account of collective behaviour of plasma andthermodynamic properties are derived. It is applied to electrodynamic plasma and quark gluon plasma and compared with existing results.

Vishnu M. Bannur

2006-02-24T23:59:59.000Z

54

A Generalization of Generalized Arc Consistency  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

- binary classic constraint satisfaction problems (CSPs). Based on the Semiring CSP and Valued CSP such as fuzzy CSP, probabilistic CSP, max CSP, and weighted CSP. This extension is based on an idempotent satisfaction problem (CSP), local consistency can be char- acterized as deriving new constraints based on local

Mackworth, Alan K.

55

OECD MCCI project enhancing instrumentation for reactor materials experiments, Rev. 0 September 3, 2002.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Reactor safety experiments for studying the reactions of a molten core (corium) with water and/or concrete involve materials at extremely high temperature. Such high temperature severely restricts the types of sensors that can be employed to measure characteristics of the corium itself. Yet there is great interest in improving instrumentation so that the state of the melt can be established with more precision. In particular, it would be beneficial to increase both the upper range limit and accuracy of temperature measurements. The poor durability of thermocouples at high temperature is also an important issue. For experiments involving a water-quenched melt, direct measurements of the growth rate of the crust separating the melt and water would be of great interest. This is a key element in determining the nature of heat transfer between the melt and coolant. Despite its importance, no one has been able to directly measure the crust thickness during such tests. This paper considers three specialized sensors that could be introduced to enhance melt characterization: (1) A commercially fabricated, single point infrared temperature measurement with the footprint of a thermowell. A lens assembly and fiber optic cable linked to a receiver and amplifier measures the temperature at the base of a tungsten thermowell. The upper range limit is 3000 C and accuracy is {+-}0.25% of the reading. (2) In-house development of an ultrasonic temperature sensor that would provide multipoint measurements at temperatures up to {approx}3000 C. The sensors are constructed from tungsten rods and have a high temperature durability that is superior to that of thermocouples. (3) In-house development of an ultrasonic probe to measure the growth rate of the corium crust. This ultrasonic sensor would include a tungsten waveguide that transmits ultrasonic pulses up through the corium melt towards the crust and detects reflections from the melt/crust interface. A measurement of the echo time delay would provide the location of the interface. These three sensors would provide a considerable upgrade of the instrumentation used in our reactor materials tests. The infracouple is a commercial product that could provide an immediate improvement in temperature measurements. The sensor could also serve to corroborate thermocouple data by providing a measurement based upon a different physical principle. The ultrasonic temperature sensor would involve a greater investment and longer time frame than the infracouple, but offers all the advantages of the infracouple along with miniaturization and the ability to measure at multiple locations. In addition, the UTS is the platform from which we would begin development of the crust detector. Of the three sensors, the crust detector requires the most effort and entails the greatest uncertainty. However, a real-time crust thickness measurement has never before been made and such data would be unique and of great benefit to reactor materials experiments.

Lomperski, S.; Basu, S. (Nuclear Engineering Division); (NRC)

2011-05-23T23:59:59.000Z

56

Consistence beats causality in recommender systems  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The explosive growth of information challenges people's capability in finding out items fitting to their own interests. Recommender systems provide an efficient solution by automatically push possibly relevant items to users according to their past preferences. Recommendation algorithms usually embody the causality from what having been collected to what should be recommended. In this article, we argue that in many cases, a user's interests are stable, and thus the previous and future preferences are highly consistent. The temporal order of collections then does not necessarily imply a causality relationship. We further propose a consistence-based algorithm that outperforms the state-of-the-art recommendation algorithms in disparate real data sets, including \\textit{Netflix}, \\textit{MovieLens}, \\textit{Amazon} and \\textit{Rate Your Music}.

Zhu, Xuzhen; Hu, Zheng; Zhang, Ping; Zhou, Tao

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

57

OECD MCCI project Melt Eruption Test (MET) design report, Rev. 2. April 15, 2003.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Melt Attack and Coolability Experiments (MACE) program at Argonne National Laboratory addressed the issue of the ability of water to cool and thermally stabilize a molten core-concrete interaction when the reactants are flooded from above. These tests provided data regarding the nature of corium interactions with concrete, the heat transfer rates from the melt to the overlying water pool, and the role of noncondensable gases in the mixing processes that contribute to melt quenching. The Melt Coolability and Concrete Interaction (MCCI) program is pursuing separate effect tests to examine the viability of the melt coolability mechanisms identified as part of the MACE program. These mechanisms include bulk cooling, water ingression, volcanic eruptions, and crust breach. At the second PRG meeting held at ANL on 22-23 October 2002, a preliminary design1 for a separate effects test to investigate the melt eruption cooling mechanism was presented for PRG review. At this meeting, NUPEC made several recommendations on the experiment approach aimed at optimizing the chances of achieving a floating crust boundary condition in this test. The principal recommendation was to incorporate a mortar sidewall liner into the test design, since data from the COTELS experiment program indicates that corium does not form a strong mechanical bond with this material. Other recommendations included: (i) reduction of the electrode elevation to well below the melt upper surface elevation (since the crust may bond to these solid surfaces), and (ii) favorably taper the mortar liner to facilitate crust detachment and relocation during the experiment. Finally, as a precursor to implementing these modifications, the PRG recommended the development of a design for a small-scale scoping test intended to verify the ability of the mortar liner to preclude formation of an anchored bridge crust under core-concrete interaction conditions. This revised Melt Eruption Test (MET) plan is intended to satisfy these PRG recommendations. Specifically, the revised plan focuses on providing data on the extent of crust growth and melt eruptions as a function of gas sparging rate under well-controlled experiment conditions, including a floating crust boundary condition. The overall objective of MET is to determine to what extent core debris is rendered coolable by eruptive-type processes that breach the crust that rests upon the melt. The specific objectives of this test are as follows: (1) Evaluate the augmentation in surface heat flux during periods of melt eruption; (2) Evaluate the melt entrainment coefficient from the heat flux and gas flow rate data for input into models that calculate ex-vessel debris coolability; (3) Characterize the morphology and coolability of debris resulting from eruptive processes that transport melt into overlying water; and (4) Discriminate between periods when eruptions take the form of particle ejections into overlying water, leading to a porous particle bed, and single-phase extrusions, which lead to volcano-type structures.

Farmer, M. T.; Lomperski, S.; Kilsdonk, D. J.; Aeschlimann, R. W.; Basu, S. (Nuclear Engineering Division); (NRC)

2011-05-23T23:59:59.000Z

58

Rank Reduction for the Local Consistency Problem  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We address the problem of how simple a solution can be for a given quantum local consistency instance. More specifically, we investigate how small the rank of the global density operator can be if the local constraints are known to be compatible. We prove that any compatible local density operators can be satisfied by a low rank global density operator. Then we study both fermionic and bosonic versions of the N-representability problem as applications. After applying the channel-state duality, we prove that any compatible local channels can be obtained through a global quantum channel with small Kraus rank.

Jianxin Chen; Zhengfeng Ji; Alexander Klyachko; David W. Kribs; Bei Zeng

2012-02-09T23:59:59.000Z

59

Reliability and Consistency of Surface Contamination Measurements  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Surface contamination evaluation is a tough problem since it is difficult to isolate the radiations emitted by the surface, especially in a highly irradiating atmosphere. In that case the only possibility is to evaluate smearable (removeable) contamination since ex-situ countings are possible. Unfortunately, according to our experience at CEA, these values are not consistent and thus non relevant. In this study, we show, using in-situ Fourier Transform Infra Red spectrometry on contaminated metal samples, that fixed contamination seems to be chemisorbed and removeable contamination seems to be physisorbed. The distribution between fixed and removeable contamination appears to be variable. Chemical equilibria and reversible ion exchange mechanisms are involved and are closely linked to environmental conditions such as humidity and temperature. Measurements of smearable contamination only give an indication of the state of these equilibria between fixed and removeable contamination at the time and in the environmental conditions the measurements were made.

Rouppert, F.; Rivoallan, A.; Largeron, C.

2002-02-26T23:59:59.000Z

60

Development  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr MayAtmospheric Optical Depth7-1D: Vegetation Proposed Newcatalyst phasesData FilesShape, Density,TiO2(110). |Gas-phaseDeveloping a

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "development oecd consists" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


61

Development  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr MayAtmospheric Optical Depth7-1D: Vegetation Proposed Newcatalyst phasesData FilesShape, Density,TiO2(110). |Gas-phaseDeveloping amagnetic

62

On the grade consistent theories of micromorphic elastic solids  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

For the investigation of specific nonlocal phenomena the second-order displacement gradient has been added to the independent constitutive variables used in the classical theories of elastic solids. In this paper we outline the hystorical development of the subject and present a nonlinear grade consistent theory of micromorphic elastic solids in which the independent constitutive variables are the deformation gradient, the second-order displacement gradient, microdeformation tensor, and microdeformation gradient. Then, we present the linearized theory and establish a uniqueness result with no definiteness assumption on the elastic coefficients. The theory is used to obtain the basic eqations of a grade consistent theory of microstretch elastic bodies. The field equations for an isotropic and homogeneous elastic body are presented. A counterpart of the Cauchy-Kowalevski-Somigliana solution of the classical elastodynamics is established.

Iesan, D. [Department of Mathematics, 'Al.I. Cuza' University, and 'O. Mayer' Institute of Mathematics, Romanian Academy, 700506 Iasi (Romania)

2011-02-10T23:59:59.000Z

63

E-Print Network 3.0 - alternating chemoradiotherapy consisting...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Each assessment consisted of an anterior... . Alternate consistencies. 6. Coughswallow occasionally. 7. Supraglottic swallow. 8. Thermal stim. 5-10 times......

64

archaeological record consistent: Topics by E-print Network  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Sciences Websites Summary: Sequential Consistency for Heterogeneous-Race-Free DEREK R. HOWER, BRADFORD M. BECKMANN, BENEDICT R: Sequential Consistency for Data-Race-Free (SC for...

65

Development of Energy Balances for the State of California  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Energy Agency, 2003a. Energy Balances of OECD Countries.Energy Agency, 2003b. Energy Balances of Non-OECD Countries.for constructing the energy balance flow chart (Figure 1).

Murtishaw, Scott; Price, Lynn; de la Rue du Can, Stephane; Masanet, Eric; Worrell, Ernst; Sahtaye, Jayant

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

66

Parton distributions based on a maximally consistent dataset  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The choice of data that enters a global QCD analysis can have a substantial impact on the resulting parton distributions and their predictions for collider observables. One of the main reasons for this has to do with the possible presence of inconsistencies, either internal within an experiment or external between different experiments. In order to assess the robustness of the global fit, different definitions of a conservative PDF set, that is, a PDF set based on a maximally consistent dataset, have been introduced. However, these approaches are typically affected by theory biases in the selection of the dataset. In this contribution, after a brief overview of recent NNPDF developments, we propose a new, fully objective, definition of a conservative PDF set, based on the Bayesian reweighting approach. Using the new NNPDF3.0 framework, we produce various conservative sets, which turn out to be mutually in agreement within the respective PDF uncertainties, as well as with the global fit. We explore some of their implications for LHC phenomenology, finding also good consistency with the global fit result. These results provide a non-trivial validation test of the new NNPDF3.0 fitting methodology, and indicate that possible inconsistencies in the fitted dataset do not affect substantially the global fit PDFs.

Juan Rojo

2014-09-10T23:59:59.000Z

67

Development Development  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Programme 2007 - 2010 The aim of the Timber Development Programme (TDP) is "to contribute to the sustainable development to underpin sustainable forest management and support economic growth and employment acrossDevelopment Timber Development Programme 2007 - 2010 #12;2 | Timber Development Programme 2007

68

Analysis of the OECD MSLB Benchmark Exercise III Using Coupled Codes RELAP5/PARCS and TRAC-M/PARCS  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The NRC version of the 3-D neutron kinetics code PARCS was coupled with the NRC thermal-hydraulics codes RELAP5 and TRAC-M. The MSLB benchmark problem was performed to provide a consistent assessment of the paired codes. Results were presented using the return to power cross section set provided in the benchmark problem. The two code pairings gave similar results, with the small differences explained by the differences in the respective thermal-hydraulics code internal models and correlations.

Kozlowski, T.; Miller, R.M.; Downar, T.

2001-06-17T23:59:59.000Z

69

The effects of prevention and public health expenditure on measles immunization rates in Organisation for Economic Co-Operation and Development (OECD) countries  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Belgium* 40 40 0 Canada 185 184 1 Czech Republic 27 23 4 Denmark 15 13 2 Finland 87 41 47 France 90 68 22 Germany 100 86 15 Greece 65 35 30 Hungary** 54 29 24 Iceland 40 40 0 Ireland 78 59 19 Italy 15 15 0 Japan* 50 30 20 Korea 21 20 1....4 Austria 74.0 Belgium 82. Canada** 94.5 Czech Republic 96.9 Denmark 96.0 Finland 97. France 87.1 Germany 93.3 Greece 88.0 Hungary 99.9 Iceland* 99.0 Ireland 81. Italy 85.5 Japan*** 100.0 Korea**** 90.2 Luxembourg 91.0 Mexico 96.4 Netherlands...

Chen, Christina Melonie

2009-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

70

Generalized contexts and consistent histories in quantum mechanics  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We analyze a restriction of the theory of consistent histories by imposing that a valid description of a physical system must include quantum histories which satisfy the consistency conditions for all states. We prove that these conditions are equivalent to imposing the compatibility conditions of our formalism of generalized contexts. Moreover, we show that the theory of consistent histories with the consistency conditions for all states and the formalism of generalized context are equally useful representing expressions which involve properties at different times.

Losada, Marcelo [Instituto de Fsica Rosario, Pellegrini 250, 2000 Rosario (Argentina); Laura, Roberto, E-mail: rlaura@fceia.unr.edu.ar [Facultad de Ciencias Exactas, Ingeniera y Agrimensura, Pellegrini 250, 2000 Rosario (Argentina); Instituto de Fsica Rosario, Pellegrini 250, 2000 Rosario (Argentina)

2014-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

71

ORCHIS: CONSISTENCY-DRIVEN DATA QUALITY MANAGEMENT IN SENSING SYSTEMS  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Sensing Data Analysis . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 29 3.3 Related Energy Efficiency Design . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 30 3.4 Related Data Consistency Models

Shi, Weisong

72

Software Agent Architecture for Consistency Management in Distributed Documents  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Software Agent Architecture for Consistency Management in Distributed Documents Anthony Finkelstein an account of an architecture for management of consistency relations between distributed documents. We of use of this system in a domain of software engineering documents. Keywords Consistency management, XML

Finkelstein, Anthony

73

35th EPS PPC Self-consistent energetic particle nonlinear dynamics ... 1 Self-consistent energetic particle  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

35th EPS PPC Self-consistent energetic particle nonlinear dynamics ... 1 Self-consistent energetic, Irvine CA 92697-4575, U.S.A. P5.056 ­ June 13.th, 2008 35.th EPS Plasma Physics Conference Hersonissos Zonca and Liu Chen #12;35th EPS PPC Self-consistent energetic particle nonlinear dynamics ... 2 Abstract

Zonca, Fulvio

74

On the economic interpretation of time consistent dynamic stochastic ...  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Based on rigorous mathematical foundations, we impel practical usage of time consistent models as we provide practitioners with an intuitive economic...

Birgit Rudloff

75

California Department of Fish and Wildlife Consistency Determination...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

search OpenEI Reference LibraryAdd to library Web Site: California Department of Fish and Wildlife Consistency Determination Webpage Abstract This website explains the...

76

Developing a CD-CBM Anticipatory Approach for Cavitation - Defining a Model-Based Descriptor Consistent Across Processes, Phase 1 Final Report Context-Dependent Prognostics and Health Assessment: A New Paradigm for Condition-based Maintenance SBIR Topic No. N98-114  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The objective of this research, and subsequent testing, was to identify specific features of cavitation that could be used as a model-based descriptor in a context-dependent condition-based maintenance (CD-CBM) anticipatory prognostic and health assessment model. This descriptor is based on the physics of the phenomena, capturing the salient features of the process dynamics. The test methodology and approach were developed to make the cavitation features the dominant effect in the process and collected signatures. This would allow the accurate characterization of the salient cavitation features at different operational states. By developing such an abstraction, these attributes can be used as a general diagnostic for a system or any of its components. In this study, the particular focus will be pumps. As many as 90% of pump failures are catastrophic. They seem to be operating normally and fail abruptly without warning. This is true whether the failure is sudden hardware damage requiring repair, such as a gasket failure, or a transition into an undesired operating mode, such as cavitation. This means that conventional diagnostic methods fail to predict 90% of incipient failures and that in addressing this problem, model-based methods can add value where it is actually needed.

Allgood, G.O.; Dress, W.B.; Kercel, S.W.

1999-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

77

Market-Consistent Valuation of Long-Term Insurance Contracts -  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Market-Consistent Valuation of Long-Term Insurance Contracts - Valuation Framework-Consistent Valuation of Long-Term Insurance Contracts Valuation Framework and Application to German Private Health with respect to prot sharing rules and premium adjustment mechanisms. In contrast to the valuation of life

Pfeifer, Holger

78

Consistent Query Answers in Inconsistent Databases Marcelo Arenas  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

is proved as well. 1 Introduction Integrity constraints capture an important normative aspect of every of consistent answer in a relational database that may violate given integrity constraints. This notion are consistent with the integrity constraints and which are not. In this pa per, we provide a logical

Bertossi, Leopoldo

79

Allowing Atomic Objects to Coexist with Sequentially Consistent Objects  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

) sequential consistency orders all write operations, while causal consistency does not require to order the operations on all the concurrent objects be totally ordered in such a way that each read operation obtains the last value written into the corresponding object. They differ in the meaning of the word "last

Roy, Matthieu

80

Consistent inventory control Elvira Marie B. Aske,, and Sigurd Skogestad,  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Consistent inventory control Elvira Marie B. Aske,, and Sigurd Skogestad, Department of Chemical Engineering, Norwegian University of Science and Technology, Trondheim, Norway Abstract Inventory or material of this paper is to propose the more general local- consistency rule for evaluating inventory control systems

Skogestad, Sigurd

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "development oecd consists" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


81

OECD MCCI project long-term 2-D molten core concrete interaction test design report, Rev. 0. September 30, 2002.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Melt Attack and Coolability Experiments (MACE) program at Argonne National Laboratory addressed the issue of the ability of water to cool and thermally stabilize a molten core-concrete interaction when the reactants are flooded from above. These tests provided data regarding the nature of corium interactions with concrete, the heat transfer rates from the melt to the overlying water pool, and the role of noncondensable gases in the mixing processes that contribute to melt quenching. As a follow-on program to MACE, The Melt Coolability and Concrete Interaction Experiments (MCCI) project is conducting reactor material experiments and associated analysis to achieve the following two technical objectives: (1) resolve the ex-vessel debris coolability issue through a program that focuses on providing both confirmatory evidence and test data for the coolability mechanisms identified in MACE integral effects tests, and (2) address remaining uncertainties related to long-term two-dimensional molten core-concrete interactions under both wet and dry cavity conditions. Achievement of these two objectives will demonstrate the efficacy of severe accident management guidelines for existing plants, and provide the technical basis for better containment designs for future plants. In terms of the first program objective, the Small-Scale Water Ingression and Crust Strength (SSWICS) test series has been initiated to provide fundamental information on the ability of water to ingress into cracks and fissures that form in the debris during quench, thereby augmenting the otherwise conduction-limited heat transfer process. A test plan for Melt Eruption Separate Effects Tests (MESET) has also been developed to provide information on the extent of crust growth and melt eruptions as a function of gas sparging rate under well-controlled experiment conditions. In terms of the second program objective, the project Management Board (MB) has approved startup activities required to carry out experiments to address remaining uncertainties related to long-term two-dimensional molten core-concrete interaction. In particular, for both wet and dry cavity conditions, there is uncertainty insofar as evaluating the lateral vs. axial power split during a core-concrete interaction due to a lack of experiment data. As a result, there are differences in the 2-D cavity erosion predicted by codes such as MELCOR, WECHSL, and COSACO. The first step towards generating this data is to produce a test plan for review by the Project Review Group (PRG). The purpose of this document is to provide this plan.

Farmer, M. T.; Kilsdonk, D. J.; Lomperski, S.; Aeschliman, R. W.; Basu, S. (Nuclear Engineering Division); (NRC)

2011-05-23T23:59:59.000Z

82

Consistent and efficient reconstruction of latent tree models  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We study the problem of learning a latent tree graphical model where samples are available only from a subset of variables. We propose two consistent and computationally efficient algorithms for learning minimal latent ...

Choi, Myung Jin

83

Using XML to Build Consistency Rules for Distributed Specifications  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Using XML to Build Consistency Rules for Distributed Specifications Andrea Zisman Wolfgang Emmerich)20 76794413 a.zisman@soi.city.ac.uk {w.emmerich | a.finkelstein}@cs.ucl.ac.uk ABSTRACT The work presented

Finkelstein, Anthony

84

Flexible Consistency Checking Christian Nentwich, Wolfgang Emmerich, Anthony Finkelstein  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Flexible Consistency Checking Christian Nentwich, Wolfgang Emmerich, Anthony Finkelstein Department of Computer Science University College London Gower Street, London, WC1E 6BT UK {c.nentwich,w.emmerich

Finkelstein, Anthony

85

Consistent blind protein structure generation from NMR chemical shift data  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Consistent blind protein structure generation from NMR chemical shift data Yang Shen*, Oliver Lange been successfully applied in a blind manner to nine protein targets with molecular masses up to 15.4 k

Baker, David

86

On Consistent Mapping in Distributed Environments using Mobile Sensors  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

community, and is the stepping stone towards making a robot completely autonomous. A hybrid solution to the SLAM problem is proposed based on "first localize then map" principle. It is provably consistent and has great potential for real time application...

Saha, Roshmik

2011-10-21T23:59:59.000Z

87

Data Structures for Generalised Arc Consistency for Extensional Constraints  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

the extensional representation remains the most effective way to model a facet of a problem it is essential and structured problems. 2 Background The finite-domain constraint satisfaction problem (CSP) consists of

St Andrews, University of

88

The EIS process consists of several steps, each with  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

EIS process consists of several steps, each with opportunities for you to get involved. BPA follows these six steps for EISs on projects, plans and policies. 1. Notice of Intent...

89

Consistent description of kinetics and hydrodynamics of dusty plasma  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A consistent statistical description of kinetics and hydrodynamics of dusty plasma is proposed based on the Zubarev nonequilibrium statistical operator method. For the case of partial dynamics, the nonequilibrium statistical operator and the generalized transport equations for a consistent description of kinetics of dust particles and hydrodynamics of electrons, ions, and neutral atoms are obtained. In the approximation of weakly nonequilibrium process, a spectrum of collective excitations of dusty plasma is investigated in the hydrodynamic limit.

Markiv, B. [Institute for Condensed Matter Physics of the National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine, 1 Svientsitskii St., 79011 Lviv (Ukraine)] [Institute for Condensed Matter Physics of the National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine, 1 Svientsitskii St., 79011 Lviv (Ukraine); Tokarchuk, M. [Institute for Condensed Matter Physics of the National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine, 1 Svientsitskii St., 79011 Lviv (Ukraine) [Institute for Condensed Matter Physics of the National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine, 1 Svientsitskii St., 79011 Lviv (Ukraine); National University Lviv Polytechnic, 12 Bandera St., 79013 Lviv (Ukraine)

2014-02-15T23:59:59.000Z

90

Carbon Capital: The Political Ecology of Carbon Forestry and Development in Chiapas, Mexico  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

LULUCF NAFTA NGO NIE NRDC OECD PEMEX Bioclimate Research andFoundation, Mexican Petroleum (PEMEX), the World Bank, and

Osborne, Tracey Muttoo

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

91

OECD | OpenEI Community  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Office of InspectorConcentrating Solar Powerstories onFocus AreaDataBusPFAN) |Agny JumpNationalNovareNushagakOECDOECD

92

OpenEI Community - OECD  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home5b9fcbce19 No revision hasInformation Earth'sOklahoma/Geothermal < Oklahoma JumpcommunityIdeas fromGapminder

93

Leviathan in the Tropics? : environment, state capacity, and civil conflict in the developing world  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Density Percent Rural Population Percent Employed, Agriculture OECD dummy Eastern Europe dummy Latin America dummy Sub-Saharan AfricaDensity Percent Rural Population Percent Employed, Agriculture OECD dummy Eastern Europe dummy Latin America dummy Sub-Saharan AfricaDensity Percent Rural Population Percent Employed, Agriculture OECD dummy Eastern Europe dummy Latin America dummy DROPPED DROPPED Sub-Saharan Africa

Hendrix, Cullen Stevenson

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

94

Consistency test of neutrinoless double beta decay with one isotope  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We discuss a consistency test which makes it possible to discriminate unknown nuclear background lines from neutrinoless double beta decay with only one isotope. By considering both the transition to the ground state and to the first excited $0^+$ state, a sufficiently large detector can reveal if neutrinoless double beta decay or some other nuclear physics process is at work. Such a detector could therefore simultaneously provide a consistency test for a certain range of Majorana masses and be sensitive to lower values of the effective Majorana mass.

Michael Duerr; Manfred Lindner; Kai Zuber

2011-11-17T23:59:59.000Z

95

Consistent interaction vertices in arbitrary topological BF theories  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Here we extend the previous results from [12] to the computation of all consistent self-interactions for topological BF theories with maximal field spectra in D =5,6,7,8 and present some partial results on possible generalizations on a space-time of arbitrary dimension D. For convenience, the deformation of the solution to the master equation in the context of the BRST-antifield formalism is used as a general method of constructing consistent interacting gauge field theories together with most of the standard hypotheses on quantum field theories on Minkowski space-times.

Bizdadea, C.; Cioroianu, E. M.; Saliu, S. O.; Sararu, S. C.; Stanciu-Oprean, L. [Department of Physics, University of Craiova, 13 Al. I. Cuza Street, Craiova 200585 (Romania)

2013-11-13T23:59:59.000Z

96

Consistency test of neutrinoless double beta decay with one isotope  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We discuss a consistency test which makes it possible to discriminate unknown nuclear background lines from neutrinoless double beta decay with only one isotope. By considering both the transition to the ground state and to the first excited 0{sup +} state, a sufficiently large detector can reveal if neutrinoless double beta decay or some other nuclear physics process is at work. Such a detector could therefore simultaneously provide a consistency test for a certain range of Majorana masses and be sensitive to lower values of the effective Majorana mass .

Duerr, Michael; Lindner, Manfred [Max-Planck-Institut fuer Kernphysik, Postfach 10 39 80, 69029 Heidelberg (Germany); Zuber, Kai [Technical University Dresden, Institut fuer Kern- und Teilchenphysik, 01069 Dresden (Germany)

2011-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

97

Self-consistent quasiparticle model for quark-gluon plasma  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Here we present a self-consistent quasi-particle model for quark-gluon plasma and apply it to explain the non-ideal behaviour seen in lattice simulations. The basic idea, borrowed from electrodynamic plasma, is that the gluons acquire mass as it propagates through plasma due to collective effects and is approximately equal to the plasma frequency. The statistical mechanics and thermodynamics of such a system is studied by treating it as an ideal gas of massive gluons. Since mass or plasma frequency depends on density, which itself is a thermodynamic quantity, the whole problem need to be solved self-consistently.

Vishnu M. Bannur

2006-09-19T23:59:59.000Z

98

Behavioral-attitudinal consistency as it relates to Kohlbergs stages of moral development  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

and guidance in this thes1s. A special note of thanks is extended to Bets Beck and Charlotte Wal stan for serving as confederates in this study. Spec1al thanks is extended to Mrs. Ruth Ann Powell and Gladys Douglas for the1r willingness to type when time...1r behavior affects other people. Stage 2 thinking is characterized by reciprocity, but rec1procal relationships are still pragmatic in nature. Doing a good deed 1s instrumental in increasing the likelihood of rece1ving a good deed 1n return. Indi...

Bailey, Sara Dolores

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

99

Development of a Compositional Reservoir Simulator for Asphaltene Precipitation Based on a Thermodynamically Consistent Model  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

or alkanes: Chains of hydrocarbon segments (CH , CH2, or CH3) con- nected by single bonds. Naphthenes: Cyclic structures built of the same type of hydrocarbon segments as the paraffins. Aromatics: Structures with one or more cyclic structures connected...

Gonzalez Abad, Karin G

2013-07-23T23:59:59.000Z

100

A Programming Language Perspective on Transactional Memory Consistency  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

behavior, a variant of the well-known consistency condition of opacity is suf- ficient for observational-1-4503-2065-8/13/07 ...$15.00. node := new(StackNode); node.val := val; result := abort; while (result == abort) do { result yield simple code for pushing an element onto a stack represented as a singly-linked list: in this case

Gotsman, Alexey

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "development oecd consists" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


101

Self-consistent scattering theory for the radiative transport equation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Self-consistent scattering theory for the radiative transport equation Arnold D. Kim School by the radiative transport equation. We present a theory for the transport equation with an inhomogeneous.5850. 1. INTRODUCTION The radiative transport equation governs light propaga- tion in random media

Kim, Arnold D.

102

Self-consistent methods in nuclear structure physics  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The authors present a very brief description of the Hartree Fock method in nuclear structure physics, discuss the numerical methods used to solve the self-consistent equations, and analyze the precision and convergence properties of solutions. As an application, they present results pertaining to quadrupole moments and single-particle quadrupole polarizations in superdeformed nuclei with A {approximately} 60.

Dobaczewski, J. [Warsaw Univ. (Poland). Inst. of Theoretical Physics][Oak Ridge National Lab., TN (United States). Joint Inst. for Heavy Ion Research]|[Univ. of Tennessee, Knoxville, TN (United States). Dept. of Physics

1997-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

103

A nuclear Frechet space consisting of C -functions and  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A nuclear Fr´echet space consisting of C -functions and failing the bounded approximation property Dietmar Vogt Abstract An easy and transparent example is given of a nuclear Fre´echet space failing of Grothendieck whether every nuclear Fr´echet space has the bounded approximation property was open for quite

Vogt, Dietmar

104

Effective Collaboration and Consistency Management in Business Process Modeling  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Effective Collaboration and Consistency Management in Business Process Modeling Co-Chairs: Moises they are lost. Business Process Modeling (BPM) is a promising approach to enable agility in business process of experts. Business analysts gather requirements and create high-level process models. Solution architects

Czarnecki, Krzysztof

105

Charge lattices and consistency of 6D supergravity  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We extend the known consistency conditions on the low-energy theory of six-dimensional N = 1 supergravity. We review some facts about the theory of two-form gauge fields and conclude that the charge lattice ? for such a ...

Seiberg, Nathan

106

Summary of residential environmental issues and program consistency  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Northwest Power Planning Act authorizes the Bonneville Power Administration to acquire all necessary energy resources to serve Northwest utilities choosing to acquire power from the agency and to give conservation the highest priority in responding to the demand for electricity. To meet this mandate, the agency has established residential conservation programs for weatherizing existing homes, building new energy-efficient homes, and promoting energy-efficient appliances. Pacific Northwest Laboratory prepared this report to compare and contrast the environmental requirements and issues involving Bonneville's residential conservation programs. The key environmental concern confronting each of the programs with measures aimed at reducing air leakage rates in houses (both new and existing) is indoor air quality (IAQ). This report reviews the similarity and consistency of the programs' approach to IAQ, their impacts, program features, mitigation techniques, and new information about IAQ and other potential environmental issues confronting the programs. The information is intended for use in comparing and contrasting how environmental features mesh with other program features, checking consistency across programs and determining whether it makes sense for programs to be consistent, determining consistency between programs, and providing information to aid program planning in light of potential environmental issues and new information. 31 refs.

Baechler, M C

1989-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

107

Neutron skin of 208 Pb in consistency with  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Neutron skin of 208 Pb in consistency with neutron star observations K. Miyazaki E-mail: miyazakiro as varying the neutron radius of 208Pb. The neutron skin thickness Sn is determined in the comparison with the astronomical observations of massive neutron stars (NSs), the standard scenario of NS cooling

108

Thermodynamical Consistency of Excluded Volume Hadron Gas Models  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The new excluded volume hadron gas model by Singh et al. [1-7] is critically discussed. We demonstrate that in this model the results obtained from relations between thermodynamical quantities disagree with the corresponding results obtained by statistical ensemble averaging. Thus, the model does not satisfy the requirements of thermodynamical consistency.

M. I. Gorenstein

2012-05-08T23:59:59.000Z

109

Self-consistent modeling of charge redistributions in Josephson junctions  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Self-consistent modeling of charge redistributions in Josephson junctions J. K. Freericks, Josephson Junction talk, 2000 #12;Josephson Proximity-Effect Junctions · A Superconductor-Normal metal, Georgetown University, Josephson Junction talk, 2000 S N S I I V V Ic #12;Andreev Bound States · At an N

Freericks, Jim

110

Self-consistent modeling of SINIS and SNSNS Josephson junctions  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Self-consistent modeling of SINIS and SNSNS Josephson junctions J. K. Freericks Collaborators: Paul of Naval Research. J. K. Freericks, Georgetown University, Josephson Junction talk, 2000 #12;Josephson University, Josephson Junction talk, 2000 S I S I I V V Ic #12;Josephson Proximity-Effect Junctions

Freericks, Jim

111

Nonlinearly consistent schemes for coupled problems in reactor analysis  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

problems and the performance was analyzed for a 0-D and 1-D model. The results indicate that consistent approximations can be made to enhance the overall accuracy in conventional codes with such simple nonintrusive techniques. A detailed analysis of a...

Mahadevan, Vijay Subramaniam

2007-04-25T23:59:59.000Z

112

Consistent Data Assimilation of Isotopes: 242Pu and 105Pd  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In this annual report we illustrate the methodology of the consistent data assimilation that allows to use the information coming from integral experiments for improving the basic nuclear parameters used in cross section evaluation. A series of integral experiments are analyzed using the EMPIRE evaluated files for 242Pu and 105Pd. In particular irradiation experiments (PROFIL-1 and -2, TRAPU-1, -2 and -3) provide information about capture cross sections, and a critical configuration, COSMO, where fission spectral indexes were measured, provides information about fission cross section. The observed discrepancies between calculated and experimental results are used in conjunction with the computed sensitivity coefficients and covariance matrix for nuclear parameters in a consistent data assimilation. The results obtained by the consistent data assimilation indicate that not so large modifications on some key identified nuclear parameters allow to obtain reasonable C/E. However, for some parameters such variations are outside the range of 1 s of their initial standard deviation. This can indicate a possible conflict between differential measurements (used to calculate the initial standard deviations) and the integral measurements used in the statistical data adjustment. Moreover, an inconsistency between the C/E of two sets of irradiation experiments (PROFIL and TRAPU) is observed for 242Pu. This is the end of this project funded by the Nuclear Physics Program of the DOE Office of Science. We can indicate that a proof of principle has been demonstrated for a few isotopes for this innovative methodology. However, we are still far from having explored all the possibilities and made this methodology to be considered proved and robust. In particular many issues are worth further investigation: Non-linear effects Flexibility of nuclear parameters in describing cross sections Multi-isotope consistent assimilation Consistency between differential and integral experiments

G. Palmiotti; H. Hiruta; M. Salvatores

2012-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

113

Topological BF models with maximal field spectra: Consistent self-interactions  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Taking into account the recent developments in alternative descriptions of gravity via topological BF models, all consistent self-interactions of such theories with maximal field spectra in D=4,5,6 are analyzed in order to facilitate further generalizations to an arbitrary D. For convenience, the deformation of the solution to the master equation in the context of the BRST-antifield formalism is used as a general method of constructing consistent interacting gauge field theories. Also, commonly used hypotheses on quantum field theories on Minkowski space-times are employed.

Bizdadea, C.; Cioroianu, E. M.; Saliu, S. O.; Sararu, S. C.; Stanciu-Oprean, L. [Department of Physics, University of Craiova, 200585 Craiova (Romania)

2012-08-17T23:59:59.000Z

114

Consistent metric combinations in cosmology of massive bigravity  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Massive bigravity models are interesting alternatives to standard cosmology. In most cases however these models have been studied for a simplified scenario in which both metrics take homogeneous and isotropic forms (Friedmann-Lema\\^{i}tre-Robertson-Walker; FLRW) with the same spatial curvatures. The interest to consider more general geometries arises in particular in view of the difficulty so far encountered in building stable cosmological solutions with homogeneous and isotropic metrics. Here we consider a number of cases in which the two metrics take more general forms, namely FLRW with different spatial curvatures, Lema\\^{i}tre, Lema\\^{i}tre-Tolman-Bondi (LTB), and Bianchi I, as well as cases where only one metric is linearly perturbed. We discuss possible consistent combinations and find that only some special cases of FLRW-Lema\\^{i}tre, LTB-LTB and FLRW-Bianchi I combinations give consistent, non-trivial solutions.

Henrik Nersisyan; Yashar Akrami; Luca Amendola

2015-02-13T23:59:59.000Z

115

Consistent Bimetric Theory and its Application to Cosmology  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Recently, the construction of ghost-free nonlinear massive spin-2 interactions solved a long outstanding problem in classical field theory. The consistent formulation requires a second rank-two tensor (or metric) and therefore has the form of a bimetric theory. Besides providing the solution to an old problem in field theory, ghost-free bimetric theory also has an interesting phenomenology: Its homogeneous and isotropic background solutions can reproduce the expansion history of the universe without any input of vacuum energy.

Angnis Schmidt-May

2014-05-12T23:59:59.000Z

116

A Cosmological Modification to Energy from Mach-Hamilton Consistency  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

If Mach's Principle explains the Newtonian inertial reaction to acceleration then the role of the 'fixed stars' should also be manifest through Hamilton's formulation of mechanics. This consistency may be achieved if the expression for relativistic energy contains a cosmological coefficient that is (currently) equal to one. The presence of the required cosmological term exactly identifies the rest energy of a body as its gravitational potential energy due to the mass of the Universe.

Scott Funkhouser

2004-03-24T23:59:59.000Z

117

Self-consistent full wave simulations of lower hybrid waves  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Self-consistent full wave simulations of lower hybrid waves John C. Wright P. T. Bonoli - MIT E .J for Simulation of Wave-Plasma Interactions L.A. Berry, D.B. Batchelor, E.F. Jaeger, E. D`Azevedo D. Green C. Milanesio #12;3 Outline · Introduction to Lower Hybrid waves · Modeling LH waves ­ Ray tracing ­ Full Wave

Wright, John C.

118

Turbulence intensity pulse propagation with self-consistent nonlinear noise  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A model of turbulence intensity spreading with self-consistent nonlinear noise is derived systematically for the simple dynamical model of resistivity gradient driven turbulence. Local effective drive, thermal conduction damping, nonlinear coupling, and spatial scattering effects are included. As a consequence of nonlinear mode coupling processes (i.e., triad mode interactions), turbulence energy can be spatially scattered, leading to turbulence propagation and spreading. However, the range of any nonlinear mode interactions of the background with a test mode is restricted to within a few mode scale widths from the test mode rational surface. The speed of a turbulent spreading front is calculated. This front speed is effectively constant on macroscopic scales. We show that the effect of self-consistent nonlinear noise on the intensity front speed is modest, as a consequence of the ordering {Delta}{sub c}consistent mode coupling noise and ad hoc external noise are discussed. The broader implications of these results for turbulence front propagation are identified and explained.

Wang, Z. H. [School of Physics and Optoelectronic Technology, Dalian University of Technology, Dalian 116024 (China); Department of Physics and Center for Astrophysics and Space Sciences, University of California at San Diego, La Jolla, California 92093-0424 (United States); Diamond, P. H. [Department of Physics and Center for Astrophysics and Space Sciences, University of California at San Diego, La Jolla, California 92093-0424 (United States); WCI Center for Fusion Theory, National Fusion Research Institute, Gwahangno 113, Yuseong-gu, Daejeon 305-333 (Korea, Republic of); Guercan, Oe. D. [Laboratoire de Physique des Plasmas, Ecole Polytechnique-CNRS, 91128 Palaiseau Cedex (France); Garbet, X. [CEA, IRFM, F-13108 Saint Paul Lez Durance (France); Wang, X. G. [School of Physics, Peking University, Beijing 100871 (China)

2011-03-15T23:59:59.000Z

119

Effect of shot type, task difficulty and research environment on consistency of pre-performance routines in golf  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Golfers have been encouraged to develop consistent pre-performance routines (PPRs) in order to enhance their performance. However, the theoretical underpinning of these recommendations is unclear. Issues relating to the ...

Cotterill, Stewart T

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

120

Time (in)consistency of multistage distributionally robust inventory ...  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Recently, there has been a growing interest in developing inventory control ... We study these phenomena in the context of managing an inventory over time,...

2014-10-31T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "development oecd consists" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


121

Testing the consistency between cosmological measurements of distance and age  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We present a model independent method to test the consistency between cosmological measurements of distance and age, assuming the distance duality relation. We use type Ia supernovae, baryon acoustic oscillations, and observational Hubble data, to reconstruct the luminosity distance D_L(z), the angle averaged distance D_V(z) and the Hubble rate H(z), using Gaussian processes regression technique. We obtain estimate of the distance duality relation in the redshift range 0.1

Nair, Remya; Jain, Deepak

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

122

Multi-wavelength constraints on the inflationary consistency relation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We present the first attempt to use a combination of CMB, LIGO, and PPTA data to constrain both the tilt and the running of primordial tensor power spectrum through constraints on the gravitational wave energy density generated in the early universe. Combining measurements at different cosmological scales highlights how complementary data can be used to test the predictions of early universe models including the inflationary consistency relation. Current data prefers a slightly positive tilt ($n_t = 0.13^{+0.54}_{-0.75}$) and a negative running ($n_{t, {\\rm run}} assumptions regarding the UV cutoff ($k_{\\...

Meerburg, P Daniel; Hadzhiyska, Boryana; Meyers, Joel

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

123

Infrared self-consistent solutions of bispinor QED3  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Quantum electrodynamics in three dimensions in the bispinor formulation is considered. It is shown that the Dyson-Schwinger equations for fermion and boson propagators may be self-consistently solved in the infrared domain if on uses the Salam's vertex function. The parameters defining the behavior of the propagators are found numerically for different values of coupling constant and gauge parameter. For weak coupling the approximated analytical solutions are obtained. The renormalized gauge boson propagator (transverse part) is shown in the infrared domain to be practically gauge independent.

Tomasz Radozycki

2013-01-25T23:59:59.000Z

124

Discrete KP equation with self-consistent sources  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We show that the discrete Kadomtsev-Petviashvili (KP) equation with sources obtained recently by the "source generalization" method can be incorporated into the squared eigenfunction symmetry extension procedure. Moreover, using the known correspondence between Darboux-type transformations and additional independent variables, we demonstrate that the equation with sources can be derived from Hirota's discrete KP equations but in a space of higher dimension. In this way we uncover the origin of the source terms as coming from multidimensional consistency of the Hirota system itself.

Adam Doliwa; Runliang Lin

2014-04-05T23:59:59.000Z

125

Multi-writer consistency conditions for shared memory objects  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

system composed of n application processes, p0;:::;pn1, and some number of shared objects. In this thesis, we focus on read/write registers. Such a register, x, supports two operations, read and write, which can be executed by the processes. Each... and responses, we denote by ji the subsequence of containing all the invocations and responses performed by process pi. Deflnition 2 A sequence of invocations and responses is a schedule if, for each i, 0 i < n, the following hold: ji consists...

Shao, Cheng

2008-10-10T23:59:59.000Z

126

Multi-writer consistency conditions for shared memory objects  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

system composed of n application processes, p0;:::;pn?1, and some number of shared objects. In this thesis, we focus on read/write registers. Such a register, x, supports two operations, read and write, which can be executed by the processes. Each... and responses, we denote by ji the subsequence of containing all the invocations and responses performed by process pi. Deflnition 2 A sequence of invocations and responses is a schedule if, for each i, 0 ? i < n, the following hold: ? ji consists...

Shao, Cheng

2009-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

127

Self-consistent input-output formulation of quantum feedback  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A simple method of analyzing quantum feedback circuits is presented. The classical analysis of feedback circuits can be generalized to apply to quantum systems by mapping the field operators of various outputs to other inputs via the standard input-output formalism. Unfortunately, this has led to unphysical results such as the violation of the Heisenberg uncertainty principle for in-loop fields. This paper shows that this general approach can be redeemed by ensuring a self-consistently Hermitian Hamiltonian. The calculations are based on a noncommutative calculus of operator derivatives. A full description of several examples of quantum linear and nonlinear feedback for optical systems is presented.

Yanagisawa, M. [Department of Engineering, The Australian National University, Canberra, ACT 0200 (Australia); Hope, J. J. [Department of Quantum Science, The Australian National University, Canberra, ACT 0200 (Australia)

2010-12-15T23:59:59.000Z

128

Self-consistent chemical model of partially ionized plasmas  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A simple renormalization theory of plasma particle interactions is proposed. It primarily stems from generic properties of equilibrium distribution functions and allows one to obtain the so-called generalized Poisson-Boltzmann equation for an effective interaction potential of two chosen particles in the presence of a third one. The same equation is then strictly derived from the Bogolyubov-Born-Green-Kirkwood-Yvon (BBGKY) hierarchy for equilibrium distribution functions in the pair correlation approximation. This enables one to construct a self-consistent chemical model of partially ionized plasmas, correctly accounting for the close interrelation of charged and neutral components thereof. Minimization of the system free energy provides ionization equilibrium and, thus, permits one to study the plasma composition in a wide range of its parameters. Unlike standard chemical models, the proposed one allows one to study the system correlation functions and thereby to obtain an equation of state which agrees well with exact results of quantum-mechanical activity expansions. It is shown that the plasma and neutral components are strongly interrelated, which results in the short-range order formation in the corresponding subsystem. The mathematical form of the results obtained enables one to both firmly establish this fact and to determine a characteristic length of the structure formation. Since the cornerstone of the proposed self-consistent chemical model of partially ionized plasmas is an effective pairwise interaction potential, it immediately provides quite an efficient calculation scheme not only for thermodynamical functions but for transport coefficients as well.

Arkhipov, Yu. V.; Baimbetov, F. B.; Davletov, A. E. [Department of Physics, Kazakh National University, Tole Bi 96, Almaty 050012 (Kazakhstan)

2011-01-15T23:59:59.000Z

129

Self-consistent Green's functions with three-body forces  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The present thesis aims at studying the properties of symmetric nuclear and pure neutron matter from a Green's functions point of view, including two-body and three-body chiral forces. An extended self-consistent Green's function formalism is defined to consistently incorporate three-body forces in the many-body calculations. The effect of three-nucleon interactions is included via the construction of a dressed two-body density dependent force. This is obtained performing an average of the leading order three-body terms in the chiral effective field theory expansion. The dressed force corresponds to the use of an in-medium propagator in the average which takes into account the correlations characterizing the system at each stage of the many-body calculation. The total energy of the system is obtained by means of a modified Galitskii-Migdal-Koltun sumrule to correctly account for the effect of three-body forces. Microscopic as well as macroscopic properties of symmetric nuclear and pure neutron matter are analyzed in detailed.

Arianna Carbone

2014-07-24T23:59:59.000Z

130

Surface Tension of Electrolyte Solutions: A Self-consistent Theory  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We study the surface tension of electrolyte solutions at the air/water and oil/water interfaces. Employing field-theoretical methods and considering short-range interactions of anions with the surface, we expand the Helmholtz free energy to first-order in a loop expansion and calculate the excess surface tension. Our approach is self-consistent and yields an analytical prediction that reunites the Onsager-Samaras pioneering result (which does not agree with experimental data), with the ionic specificity of the Hofmeister series. We obtain analytically the surface-tension dependence on the ionic strength, ionic size and ion-surface interaction, and show consequently that the Onsager-Samaras result is consistent with the one-loop correction beyond the mean-field result. Our theory fits well a wide range of concentrations for different salts using one fit parameter, reproducing the reverse Hofmeister series for anions at the air/water and oil/water interfaces.10.1029

Tomer Markovich; David Andelman; Rudi Podgornik

2014-04-09T23:59:59.000Z

131

Consistency analysis of Kaluza-Klein geometric sigma models  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Geometric sigma models are purely geometric theories of scalar fields coupled to gravity. Geometrically, these scalars represent the very coordinates of space-time, and, as such, can be gauged away. A particular theory is built over a given metric field configuration which becomes the vacuum of the theory. Kaluza-Klein theories of the kind have been shown to be free of the classical cosmological constant problem, and to give massless gauge fields after dimensional reduction. In this paper, the consistency of dimensional reduction, as well as the stability of the internal excitations, are analyzed. Choosing the internal space in the form of a group manifold, one meets no inconsistencies in the dimensional reduction procedure. As an example, the SO(n) groups are analyzed, with the result that the mass matrix of the internal excitations necessarily possesses negative modes. In the case of coset spaces, the consistency of dimensional reduction rules out all but the stable mode, although the full vacuum stability remains an open problem.

M. Vasilic

2001-04-23T23:59:59.000Z

132

Implicit attitude measures: Consistency, stability, and convergent validity  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In recent years, several techniques have been developed to measure implicit social cognition. Despite their increased use, little attention has been devoted to their reliability and validity. This article undertakes a ...

Cunningham, W. A.; Preacher, K. J.; Banaji, M. R.

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

133

Software Developers  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Because SEED will provide a common, open-source data framework, software developers will be able to write applications that access the data in a consistent way (with proper permissions), or build functionalities onto the SEED platform in a replicable way.

134

Consistency condition for inflation from (broken) conformal symmetry  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We investigate the symmetry constraints on the bispectrum, i.e. the three-point correlation function of primordial density fluctuations, in slow-roll inflation. It follows from the defining property of slow-roll inflation that primordial correlation functions inherit most of their structure from weakly broken de Sitter symmetries. Using holographic techniques borrowed from the AdS/CFT correspondence, the symmetry constraints on the bispectrum can be mapped to a set of stress-tensor Ward identities in a weakly broken 2+1-dimensional Euclidean CFT. We construct the consistency condition from these Ward identities using conformal perturbation theory. This requires a second order Ward identity and the use of the evolution equation. Our result also illustrates a subtle difference between conformal perturbation theory and the slow-roll expansion.

Schalm, Koenraad; Aalst, Ted van der [Instituut-Lorentz for Theoretical Physics, Universiteit Leiden, Niels Bohrweg 2, Leiden (Netherlands); Shiu, Gary, E-mail: kschalm@lorentz.leidenuniv.nl, E-mail: shiu@physics.wisc.edu, E-mail: vdaalst@lorentz.leidenuniv.nl [Department of Physics, University of Wisconsin-Madison, Madison, WI 53706 (United States)

2013-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

135

Environment--Induced Decoherence, Classicality and Consistency of Quantum Histories  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We prove that for an open system, in the Markovian regime, it is always possible to construct an infinite number of non trivial sets of histories that exactly satisfy the probability sum rules. In spite of being perfectly consistent, these sets manifest a very non--classical behavior: they are quite unstable under the addition of an extra instant to the list of times defining the history. To eliminate this feature --whose implications for the interpretation of the formalism we discuss-- and to achieve the stability that characterizes the quasiclassical domain, it is necessary to separate the instants which define the history by time intervals significantly larger than the typical decoherence time. In this case environment induced superselection is very effective and the quasiclassical domain is characterized by histories constructed with ``pointer projectors''.

Juan Pablo Paz; Wojciech Hubert Zurek

1993-04-20T23:59:59.000Z

136

ER=EPR, GHZ, and the Consistency of Quantum Measurements  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This paper illustrates various aspects of the ER=EPR conjecture.It begins with a brief heuristic argument, using the Ryu-Takayanagi correspondence, for why entanglement between black holes implies the existence of Einstein-Rosen bridges. The main part of the paper addresses a fundamental question: Is ER=EPR consistent with the standard postulates of quantum mechanics? Naively it seems to lead to an inconsistency between observations made on entangled systems by different observers. The resolution of the paradox lies in the properties of multiple black holes, entangled in the Greenberger-Horne-Zeilinger pattern. The last part of the paper is about entanglement as a resource for quantum communication. ER=EPR provides a way to visualize protocols like quantum teleportation. In some sense teleportation takes place through the wormhole, but as usual, classical communication is necessary to complete the protocol.

Susskind, Leonard

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

137

ER=EPR, GHZ, and the Consistency of Quantum Measurements  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This paper illustrates various aspects of the ER=EPR conjecture.It begins with a brief heuristic argument, using the Ryu-Takayanagi correspondence, for why entanglement between black holes implies the existence of Einstein-Rosen bridges. The main part of the paper addresses a fundamental question: Is ER=EPR consistent with the standard postulates of quantum mechanics? Naively it seems to lead to an inconsistency between observations made on entangled systems by different observers. The resolution of the paradox lies in the properties of multiple black holes, entangled in the Greenberger-Horne-Zeilinger pattern. The last part of the paper is about entanglement as a resource for quantum communication. ER=EPR provides a way to visualize protocols like quantum teleportation. In some sense teleportation takes place through the wormhole, but as usual, classical communication is necessary to complete the protocol.

Leonard Susskind

2014-12-29T23:59:59.000Z

138

Consistent Gravitationally-Coupled Spin-2 Field Theory  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Inspired by the translational gauge structure of teleparallel gravity, the theory for a fundamental massless spin-2 field is constructed. Accordingly, instead of being represented by a symmetric second-rank tensor, the fundamental spin-2 field is assumed to be represented by a spacetime (world) vector field assuming values in the Lie algebra of the translation group. The flat-space theory naturally emerges in the Fierz formalism and is found to be equivalent to the usual metric-based theory. However, the gravitationally coupled theory, with gravitation itself described by teleparallel gravity, is shown not to present the consistency problems of the spin-2 theory constructed on the basis of general relativity.

H. I. Arcos; Tiago Gribl Lucas; J. G. Pereira

2010-05-05T23:59:59.000Z

139

Product development practices that matter  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Product Development consists of activities to transforms a market opportunity and technological innovation into successful products. Several waves of improvements in technological innovation and product development have ...

Gupta, Nisheeth

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

140

First principles molecular dynamics without self-consistent field optimization  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We present a first principles molecular dynamics approach that is based on time-reversible extended Lagrangian Born-Oppenheimer molecular dynamics [A. M. N. Niklasson, Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 123004 (2008)] in the limit of vanishing self-consistent field optimization. The optimization-free dynamics keeps the computational cost to a minimum and typically provides molecular trajectories that closely follow the exact Born-Oppenheimer potential energy surface. Only one single diagonalization and Hamiltonian (or Fockian) construction are required in each integration time step. The proposed dynamics is derived for a general free-energy potential surface valid at finite electronic temperatures within hybrid density functional theory. Even in the event of irregular functional behavior that may cause a dynamical instability, the optimization-free limit represents a natural starting guess for force calculations that may require a more elaborate iterative electronic ground state optimization. Our optimization-free dynamics thus represents a flexible theoretical framework for a broad and general class of ab initio molecular dynamics simulations.

Souvatzis, Petros, E-mail: petros.souvatsiz@fysik.uu.se [Department of Physics and Astronomy, Division of Materials Theory, Uppsala University, Box 516, SE-75120 Uppsala (Sweden)] [Department of Physics and Astronomy, Division of Materials Theory, Uppsala University, Box 516, SE-75120 Uppsala (Sweden); Niklasson, Anders M. N., E-mail: amn@lanl.gov [Theoretical Division, Los Alamos National Laboratory, Los Alamos, New Mexico 87545 (United States)] [Theoretical Division, Los Alamos National Laboratory, Los Alamos, New Mexico 87545 (United States)

2014-01-28T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "development oecd consists" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


141

IMPROVING CONSISTENCY OF PERFORMANCE ASSESSMENTS IN THE DOE COMPLEX  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The low-level waste (LLW) performance assessment (PA) process has been traditionally focused on disposal facilities at a few United States Department of Energy (USDOE) sites and commercial disposal facilities. In recent years, there has been a dramatic increase in the scope of the use of PA-like modeling approaches, involving multiple activities, facilities, contractors and regulators. The scope now includes, for example: (1) National Environmental Policy Act (NEPA) assessments, (2) CERCLA disposal cells, (3) Waste Determinations and High-Level Waste (HLW) Closure activities, (4) Potential on-site disposal of Transuranic (TRU) waste, and (5) In-situ decommissioning (including potential use of existing facilities for disposal). The dramatic increase in the variety of activities requiring more detailed modeling has resulted in a similar increase in the potential for inconsistency in approaches both at a site and complexwide scale. This paper includes a summary of USDOE Environmental Management (EM) sponsored initiatives and activities for improved consistency. New initiatives entitled the Performance Assessment Community of Practice and Performance Assessment Assistance Team are also introduced.

Seitz, R; Elmer Wilhite, E

2009-01-20T23:59:59.000Z

142

Towards consistent Electroweak Precision Data constraints in the SMEFT  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We discuss the impact of many previously neglected effects of higher dimensional operators when fitting to Electroweak Precision data (EWPD) in the Standard Model Effective Field Theory (SMEFT). We calculate the general case of $2 \\rightarrow 2$ fermion scattering in the SMEFT to order $\\mathcal{O}(\\bar{v}_T^2/\\Lambda^2)$ valid on and off the $Z$ pole, in the massless fermion limit. We demonstrate that previously neglected corrections scale as $\\Gamma_Z M_Z/\\bar{v}_T^2$ in the partial widths extracted from measured cross sections at LEPI, compared to the leading effect of dimension six operators in anomalous $Z$ couplings. Further, constraints on leading effects of anomalous $Z$ couplings are also modified by neglected perturbative corrections and dimension eight operators. We perform a minimal EWPD fit to illustrate the size of the error these corrections induce, when bounding leading effects. These considerations relax bounds compared to a naive leading order analysis, and show that constraints that rise above the percent level are subject to substantial theoretical uncertanties. We also argue that renormalization group running global constraints expressed through $\\chi^2$ functions to a common scale, and then minimizing and performing a global fit of all data allows more consistent constraints to be obtained in the SMEFT.

Laure Berthier; Michael Trott

2015-02-09T23:59:59.000Z

143

Consistent neutron kinetics data generation for nodal transient calculations  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Current three-dimensional transient codes for thermal reactors are mostly based on two-group diffusion-theory nodal models. In the two-group approach no explicit distinction is made between prompt fission neutrons and delayed neutrons. Consequently, effective delayed neutron fractions have traditionally been used in an attempt to compensate for this shortcoming. A fundamentally better approach would be to solve the nodal kinetics equations in a sufficient number of energy groups to explicitly capture neutron emission spectrum effects. However, this would require the availability of a multi-group nodal transient code as well as a lattice code to generate the appropriate multi-group nodal data for the simulator. One such simulator is the PARCS nodal transient code, which is widely used and recognized as representative of the current state-of-the-art. Unfortunately, a proper nodal data preparation path between PARCS and a lattice code is not available. Even though several industrial lattice codes could be considered as candidates, most of them are tailored to producing two-group nodal data and would require modifications to produce multi-group prompt and delayed neutron emission spectra. In this paper, the particular modifications required to match the TransLAT lattice code and the PARCS nodal transient code for BWR transient applications are reported. Some modifications to PARCS were also required to make two-group and multi-group applications fully consistent. Numerical results are presented both to verify the proper functioning of these modifications and to illuminate the impact of various nodal kinetics data approximations in a selected transient calculation. In particular, the significance of blending rodded and un-rodded kinetics data in partially rodded nodes is demonstrated. It is also confirmed that the use of delayed neutron importance factors in two-group calculations notably reduces the differences between two-group and multi-group kinetics calculations. (authors)

Akdeniz, B. [Penn State Univ., Nuclear Engineering Program, Univ. Park, PA 16802 (United States); Mueller, E.; Panayotov, D. [Westinghouse Electric Sweden, SE - 721 63 Vaesteraas (Sweden); Ivanov, K. N. [Penn State Univ., Nuclear Engineering Program, Univ. Park, PA 16802 (United States)

2006-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

144

Accuracy and Consistency of Respiratory Gating in Abdominal Cancer Patients  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Purpose: To evaluate respiratory gating accuracy and intrafractional consistency for abdominal cancer patients treated with respiratory gated treatment on a regular linear accelerator system. Methods and Materials: Twelve abdominal patients implanted with fiducials were treated with amplitude-based respiratory-gated radiation therapy. On the basis of daily orthogonal fluoroscopy, the operator readjusted the couch position and gating window such that the fiducial was within a setup margin (fiducial-planning target volume [f-PTV]) when RPM indicated beam-ON. Fifty-five pre- and post-treatment fluoroscopic movie pairs with synchronized respiratory gating signal were recorded. Fiducial motion traces were extracted from the fluoroscopic movies using a template matching algorithm and correlated with f-PTV by registering the digitally reconstructed radiographs with the fluoroscopic movies. Treatment was determined to be accurate if 50% of the fiducial area stayed within f-PTV while beam-ON. For movie pairs that lost gating accuracy, a MATLAB program was used to assess whether the gating window was optimized, the external-internal correlation (EIC) changed, or the patient moved between movies. A series of safety margins from 0.5 mm to 3 mm was added to f-PTV for reassessing gating accuracy. Results: A decrease in gating accuracy was observed in 44% of movie pairs from daily fluoroscopic movies of 12 abdominal patients. Three main causes for inaccurate gating were identified as change of global EIC over time (?43%), suboptimal gating setup (?37%), and imperfect EIC within movie (?13%). Conclusions: Inconsistent respiratory gating accuracy may occur within 1 treatment session even with a daily adjusted gating window. To improve or maintain gating accuracy during treatment, we suggest using at least a 2.5-mm safety margin to account for gating and setup uncertainties.

Ge, Jiajia; Santanam, Lakshmi; Yang, Deshan [Department of Radiation Oncology, Washington University School of Medicine, St Louis, Missouri (United States)] [Department of Radiation Oncology, Washington University School of Medicine, St Louis, Missouri (United States); Parikh, Parag J., E-mail: pparikh@radonc.wustl.edu [Department of Radiation Oncology, Washington University School of Medicine, St Louis, Missouri (United States)

2013-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

145

Self-consistent theory of hadron-nucleus scattering. Application to pion physics  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The requirement of using self-consistent amplitudes to evaluate microscopically the scattering of strongly interacting particles from nuclei is developed. Application of the idea to a simple model of pion-nucleus scattering is made. Numerical results indicate that the expansion of the optical potential converges when evaluated in terms of fully self-consistent quantities. A comparison of the results to a recent determination of the spreading interaction in the phenomenological isobar-hole model shows that the theory accounts for the sign and magnitude of the real and imaginary part of the spreading interaction with no adjusted parameters. The self-consistnt theory has a strong density dependence, and the consequences of this for pion-nucleus scattering are discussed. 18 figures, 1 table.

Johnson, M.B.

1980-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

146

Howard Herzog -Curriculum Vitae Senior Research Engineer -MIT Energy Initiative  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

and Industrial Technology Development Organization (Japan) OECD Environmental Directorate Praxair U.S. Department

147

Development and evaluation of a function-oriented display system  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Although no clear design philosophy for screen-based HSIs exist, Screen-based Human System Interfaces (HSI) are gradually replacing the conventional panel-based HSIs. The current paper presents a comprehensive design philosophy where a function-analysis of the plant forms the backbone of the information requirements, information presentation and display organization. The main characteristics of the concept are described as well as the development process behind the first prototype. Findings from the first usability test of the prototype are reported and potential benefits of the HSI are discussed. Ideas and problem areas for a future improved prototype are also described in the paper. The work is part of OECD Halden Reactor Project's ongoing research on innovative design for advanced NPP control-rooms and is conducted in close co-operation with Electricite de France. (authors)

Andresen, G.; Broberg, H.; Kvalem, J. [IFE, OECD HRP (Norway)

2006-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

148

Third minima in thorium and uranium isotopes in a self-consistent theory  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Background: Deep third minima have been predicted in some non-self-consistent models to impact fission pathways of thorium and uranium isotopes. These predictions have guided the interpretation of resonances seen experimentally. On the other hand, self-consistent calculations consistently predict very shallow potential-energy surfaces in the third minimum region. Purpose: We investigate the interpretation of third-minimum configurations in terms of dimolecular states. We study the isentropic potential-energy surfaces of selected even-even thorium and uranium isotopes at several excitation energies. In order to understand the driving effects behind the presence of third minima, we study the interplay between pairing and shell effects. Methods: We use the finite-temperature superfluid nuclear density functional theory. We consider a traditional functional, SkM*, and a recent functional, UNEDF1, optimized for fission studies. Results: We predict very shallow or no third minima in the potential-energy surfaces of 232Th and 232U. In Th and U isotopes with N=136 and 138, the third minima are deeper. We show that the reflection-asymmetric configurations around the third minimum can be associated with dimolecular states involving the spherical doubly magic 132Sn and a lighter deformed Zr or Mo fragment. The potential-energy surfaces for 228,232Th and 232U at several excitation energies are presented. Conclusions: We show that the neutron shell effect that governs the existence of the dimolecular states around the third minimum is consistent with the spherical-to-deformed shape transition in the Zr and Mo isotopes around N=58. We demonstrate that the thermal reduction of pairing and enhancement of shell effects at small excitation energies help to develop deeper third minima. At large excitation energies, shell effects are washed out and third minima disappear altogether.

J. D. McDonnell; W. Nazarewicz; J. A. Sheikh

2013-05-23T23:59:59.000Z

149

Third Minima in Thorium and Uranium Isotopes in a Self-Consistent Theory  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Background: Well-developed third minima, corresponding to strongly elongated and reflection-asymmetric shapes associated with dimolecular configurations, have been predicted in some non-self-consistent models to impact fission pathways of thorium and uranium isotopes. These predictions have guided the interpretation of resonances seen experimentally. On the other hand, self-consistent calculations consistently predict very shallow potential-energy surfaces in the third minimum region.

Purpose: We investigate the interpretation of third-minimum configurations in terms of dimolecular (cluster) states. We study the isentropic potential-energy surfaces of selected even-even thorium and uranium isotopes at several excitation energies. In order to understand the driving effects behind the presence of third minima, we study the interplay between pairing and shell effects.

Methods: We use the finite-temperature superfluid nuclear density functional theory. We consider two Skyrme energy density functionals: a traditional functional SkM and a recent functional UNEDF1 optimized for fission studies.

Results: We predict very shallow or no third minima in the potential-energy surfaces of 232Th and 232U. In the lighter Th and U isotopes with N = 136 and 138, the third minima are better developed. We show that the reflection-asymmetric configurations around the third minimum can be associated with dimolecular states involving the spherical doubly magic 132Sn and a lighter deformed Zr or Mo fragment. The potential-energy surfaces for 228,232Th and 232U at several excitation energies are presented. We also study isotopic chains to demonstrate the evolution of the depth of the third minimum with neutron number.

Conclusions: We show that the neutron shell effect that governs the existence of the dimolecular states around the third minimum is consistent with the spherical-to-deformed shape transition in the Zr andMo isotopes around N = 58.We demonstrate that the depth of the third minimum is sensitive to the excitation energy of the nucleus. In particular, the thermal reduction of pairing, and related enhancement of shell effects, at small excitation energies help to develop deeper third minima. At large excitation energies, shell effects are washed out and third minima disappear altogether.

McDonnell, J. D. [UTK/ORNL/LLNL; Nazarewicz, Witold [UTK/ORNL/University of Warsaw; Sheikh, J. A. [UTK/ORNL/University of Kashmir, India

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

150

Energy use and carbon dioxide emissions in the steel sector in key developing countries  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1983-1993, Paris: OECD. PEMEX, 1985. Consumo de Energa enno. 2, Mexico City: PEMEX, Coordinacin de EstudiosMetal Bulletin Books, 1994; PEMEX, 1985. E. South Africa

Price, Lynn; Phylipsen, Dian; Worrell, Ernst

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

151

Hazard consistent structural demands and in-structure design response spectra  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Current analysis methodology for the Soil Structure Interaction (SSI) analysis of nuclear facilities is specified in ASCE Standard 4. This methodology is based on the use of deterministic procedures with the intention that enough conservatism is included in the specified procedures to achieve an 80% probability of non-exceedance in the computed response of a Structure, System. or Component for given a mean seismic design input. Recently developed standards are aimed at achieving performance-based, risk consistent seismic designs that meet specified target performance goals. These design approaches rely upon accurately characterizing the probability (hazard) level of system demands due to seismic loads consistent with Probabilistic Seismic Hazard Analyses. This paper examines the adequacy of the deterministic SSI procedures described in ASCE 4-98 to achieve an 80th percentile of Non-Exceedance Probability (NEP) in structural demand, given a mean seismic input motion. The study demonstrates that the deterministic procedures provide computed in-structure response spectra that are near or greater than the target 80th percentile NEP for site profiles other than those resulting in high levels of radiation damping. The deterministic procedures do not appear to be as robust in predicting peak accelerations, which correlate to structural demands within the structure.

Houston, Thomas W [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Costantino, Michael C [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Costantino, Carl J [Los Alamos National Laboratory

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

152

Quantum Chemistry, and Eclectic Mix: From Silicon Carbide to Size Consistency  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Chemistry is a field of great breadth and variety. It is this diversity that makes for both an interesting and challenging field. My interests have spanned three major areas of theoretical chemistry: applications, method development, and method evaluation. The topics presented in this thesis are as follows: (1) a multi-reference study of the geometries and relative energies of four atom silicon carbide clusters in the gas phase; (2) the reaction of acetylene on the Si(100)-(2x1) surface; (3) an improvement to the Effective Fragment Potential (EFP) solvent model to enable the study of reactions in both aqueous and nonaqueous solution; and (4) an evaluation of the size consistency of Multireference Perturbation Theory (MRPT). In the following section, the author briefly discusses two topics central to, and present throughout, this thesis: Multi-reference methods and Quantum Mechanics/Molecular Mechanics (QM/MM) methods.

Jamie Marie Rintelman

2004-12-19T23:59:59.000Z

153

Magnetic modelling and tomography: First steps towards a consistent reconstruction of the solar corona  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We undertake a first attempt towards a consistent reconstruction of the coronal magnetic field and the coronal density structure. We consider a stationary solar corona which has to obey the equations of magnetohydrostatics. We solve these equations with help of a newly developed optimization scheme. As a first step we illustrate how tomographic information can be included into the reconstruction of coronal magnetic fields. In a second step we use coronal magnetic field information to improve the tomographic inversion process. As input the scheme requires magnetic field measurements on the photosphere from vector-magnetographs and the line-of-sight integrated density distribution from coronagraphs. We test our codes with well known analytic magnetohydrostatic equilibria and models. The program is planed for use within the STEREO mission.

T. Wiegelmann; B. Inhester

2008-02-05T23:59:59.000Z

154

Improved master equation approach to quantum transport: From Born to self-consistent Born approximation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Beyond the second-order Born approximation, we develop an improved master equation approach to quantum transport by virtue of a self-consistent Born approximation. The basic idea is replacing the free Green's function in the tunneling self-energy by an effective reduced propagator under the Born approximation. We found that the effect of this simple improvement is remarkable, for instance, it can not only recover the exact result of noninteracting transport under arbitrary voltages, but also predict the challenging nonequilibrium Kondo effect. In addition to having an elegant structure, the application convenience and accuracy of the proposed scheme, as demonstrated by the examples in this work, may suggest it a useful tool for quantum transports.

Jun Li; Jinshuang Jin; Xin-Qi Li; YiJing Yan

2014-06-26T23:59:59.000Z

155

Essays on development finance  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This thesis consists of three essays that examine investment choices in less developed countries. Chapter 1 examines how the structure of existing microfinance contracts may discourage risky but high-expected return ...

Fischer, Gregory M. (Gregory Mark)

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

156

Political elites and development  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This dissertation consists of three essays on the behavior of political elites and their effect on economic development. The first two chapters focus on political dynasties in the Philippines while the third chapter analyzes ...

Querubn Borrero, Pablo

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

157

International petroleum statistics report, September 1993  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The International Petroleum Statistics Report presents data on international oil production, demand, imports, exports, and stocks. The report has four sections. Section 1 contains time series data on world oil production, and on oil demand and stocks in the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD). This section contains annual data beginning in 1980, and monthly data for the most recent two years. Section 2 presents an oil supply/demand balance for world. This balance is presented in quarterly intervals for the most recent two years. Section 3 presents data on oil imports by OECD countries. This section contains annual data for the most recent year, quarterly data for the most recent two quarters, and monthly data for the most recent twelve months. Section 4 presents annual time series data on world oil production and oil stocks, demand, and trade in OECD countries. World oil production and OECD demand data are for the years 1970 through 1992; OECD stocks from 1973 through 1992; and OECD trade from 1982 through 1992. Data for the United States are developed by the Energy Information Administration (EIA) Office of Oil and Gas. Data for other countries are derived largely from published sources including International Energy Agency publications, the EIA International Energy Annual, and the trade press. (See sources after each section). All data are reviewed by the International Statistics Branch of EIA. All data have been converted to units of measurement familiar to the American public. Definitions of oil production and consumption are consistent with other EIA publications.

Not Available

1993-09-28T23:59:59.000Z

158

Self-consistent EXAFS PDF Projection Method by Matched Correction of Fourier Filter Signal Distortion  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Inverse problem solving computation was performed for solving PDF (pair distribution function) from simulated data EXAFS based on data FEFF. For a realistic comparison with experimental data, we chose a model of the first sub-shell Mn-0 pair showing the Jahn Teller distortion in crystalline LaMnO3. To restore the Fourier filtering signal distortion, involved in the first sub-shell information isolated from higher shell contents, relevant distortion matching function was computed initially from the proximity model, and iteratively from the prior-guess during consecutive regularization computation. Adaptive computation of EXAFS background correction is an issue of algorithm development, but our preliminary test was performed under the simulated background correction perfectly excluding the higher shell interference. In our numerical result, efficient convergence of iterative solution indicates a self-consistent tendency that a true PDF solution is convinced as a counterpart of genuine chi-data, provided that a background correction function is iteratively solved using an extended algorithm of MEPP (Matched EXAFS PDF Projection) under development.

Lee, Jay Min [Beamline Research Division, Pohang Accelerator Laboratory, POSTECH, 790-784 (Korea, Republic of); Yang, Dong-Seok [School of Science Education, Chungbuk National University, 361-763 (Korea, Republic of)

2007-02-02T23:59:59.000Z

159

Consistent Multigroup Theory Enabling Accurate Course-Group Simulation of Gen IV Reactors  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The objective of this proposal is the development of a consistent multi-group theory that accurately accounts for the energy-angle coupling associated with collapsed-group cross sections. This will allow for coarse-group transport and diffusion theory calculations that exhibit continuous energy accuracy and implicitly treat cross- section resonances. This is of particular importance when considering the highly heterogeneous and optically thin reactor designs within the Next Generation Nuclear Plant (NGNP) framework. In such reactors, ignoring the influence of anisotropy in the angular flux on the collapsed cross section, especially at the interface between core and reflector near which control rods are located, results in inaccurate estimates of the rod worth, a serious safety concern. The scope of this project will include the development and verification of a new multi-group theory enabling high-fidelity transport and diffusion calculations in coarse groups, as well as a methodology for the implementation of this method in existing codes. This will allow for a higher accuracy solution of reactor problems while using fewer groups and will reduce the computational expense. The proposed research represents a fundamental advancement in the understanding and improvement of multi- group theory for reactor analysis.

Rahnema, Farzad; Haghighat, Alireza; Ougouag, Abderrafi

2013-11-29T23:59:59.000Z

160

Building Toward a Consistent Program Evaluation: A Qualitative Study of Community Reaction to Development Programs in Limn, Costa Rica  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of evaluation and logic models found in the review of literature. The researcher adopted a naturalistic case study approach intended to retain the natural context of the community setting and provide a holistic understanding of community perceptions. Qualitative...

Shane, Caleb Jonathan

2012-10-19T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "development oecd consists" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


161

Conditions of Development of a Product Ecolabel Alain Nada  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of ecolabels. Keywords: quality, eco-labeling, voluntary environmental regulation. JEL classification: Q 28, D in the OECD and countries such as China, Brazil and India are considering the implementation of national

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

162

Self-Consistent Fokker-Planck Treatment Of Particle Distributions in Astrophysical Plasmas  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

High-energy, multi-component plasmas in which pair creation and annihilation, lepton-lepton scattering, lepton-proton scattering, and Comptonization all contribute to establishing the particle and photon distributions, are present in a broad range of compact astrophysical objects. Earlier work has included much of the microphysics needed to account for electron-photon and electron-proton interactions, but little has been done to handle the redistribution of the particles as a result of their Coulomb interaction with themselves in an arbitrary case. Our goal here is to use a Fokker-Planck approach in order to develop a fully self-consistent theory for the interaction of arbitrarily distributed particles and radiation to arrive at an accurate representation of the high-energy plasma in these sources. We conduct several tests representative of two dominant segments of parameter space and discuss physical implications of the non-Maxwellian distribution function. Approximate analytical forms for the electron distribution in the case of strongly non-Maxwellian plasmas are given.

Sergei Nayakshin; Fulvio Melia

1997-05-03T23:59:59.000Z

163

Few-group delayed neutron model based on a consistent set of decay constants  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

During the past 50 yr, more than 200 individual sets of delayed neutron parameters have been measured for 20 different fissionable isotopes. As readily observed from these experimental results, the abundances and the decay constants for each group can vary significantly from isotope to isotope as well as varying as a function of the incident neutron energy. From a reactor dynamic standpoint, variations in the decay constants lead to additional complexity when trying to predict the dynamic behavior of reactor systems that contain two or more fissioning isotopes. For example, the six-group point-reactor model must be expanded to include six differential equations describing the precursors produced by each fissioning isotope. Hence, for a system containing five fissioning isotopes, 30 differential equations would be required to describe the total delayed neutron activity. The objective of this paper is to present a status report of the first phase of an international effort to develop a new set of delayed neutron parameters that are based on a-consistent set of decay constants that simplifies the delayed neutron model in reactor dynamic calculations.

Campbell, J.M.; Spriggs, G.D. [Los Alamos National Lab., NM (United States)

1998-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

164

A Self-Consistent Formulation of Quantum Field Theory on $S_{4}$  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Recent developments in quantum gravity suggest that wormholes may influence the observed values of the constants of nature. The Euclidean formulation of quantum gravity predicts that wormholes induce a probability distribution in the space of possible fundamental constants. This distribution may computed by evaluating the functional integral about the stationary points of the action. In particular, the effective action on a large spherical space may lead to the vanishing of the cosmological constant and possibly determine the values of other constants of nature. The ability to perform calculations involving interacting quantum fields, particularly non-Abelian models, on a four-sphere is vital if one is to investigate this possibility. In this paper we present a self-consistent formulation of field theory on a four-sphere using the angular momentum space representation of $SO(5)$. We give a review of field theory on a sphere and then show how a matrix element prescription in angular momentum space overcomes previous limitations in calculational techniques. The standard one-loop graphs of QED are given as examples.

B. A. Harris; G. C. Joshi

1992-12-02T23:59:59.000Z

165

A consistent and conservative scheme for MHD flows with complex boundaries on an unstructured Cartesian adaptive system  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The numerical simulation of Magnetohydrodynamics (MHD) flows with complex boundaries has been a topic of great interest in the development of a fusion reactor blanket for the difficulty to accurately simulate the Hartmann layers and side layers along arbitrary geometries. An adaptive version of a consistent and conservative scheme has been developed for simulating the MHD flows. Besides, the present study forms the first attempt to apply the cut-cell approach for irregular wall-bounded MHD flows, which is more flexible and conveniently implemented under adaptive mesh refinement (AMR) technique. It employs a Volume-of-Fluid (VOF) approach to represent the fluidconducting wall interface that makes it possible to solve the fluidsolid coupling magnetic problems, emphasizing at how electric field solver is implemented when conductivity is discontinuous in cut-cell. For the irregular cut-cells, the conservative interpolation technique is applied to calculate the Lorentz force at cell-center. On the other hand, it will be shown how consistent and conservative scheme is implemented on fine/coarse mesh boundaries when using AMR technique. Then, the applied numerical schemes are validated by five test simulations and excellent agreement was obtained for all the cases considered, simultaneously showed good consistency and conservative properties.

Zhang, Jie; Ni, Ming-Jiu, E-mail: mjni@ucas.ac.cn

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

166

Energy Efficient Memory Speculation With Memory Latency Tolerance Supporting Sequential Consistency Without A Coherence Protocol  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

117, Sept. 2006. [35] Derek Hower. Acoherent shared memory.memory consistency models. Derek Hower [35] pro- posed the

Munday, David Alexander

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

167

A Scheduling Algorithm for Consistent Monitoring Results with Solar Powered High-Performance Wireless Embedded Systems  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A Scheduling Algorithm for Consistent Monitoring Results with Solar Powered High but critical task for solar powered wireless high power embedded systems. Our algorithm relies on an energy

Simunic, Tajana

168

1998 wire development workshop proceedings  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This report consists of vugraphs of the presentations at the conference. The conference was divided into the following sessions: (1) First Generation Wire Development: Status and Issues; (2) First Generation Wire in Pre-Commercial Prototypes; (3) Second Generation Wire Development: Private Sector Progress and Issues; (4) Second Generation Wire Development: Federal Laboratories; and (5) Fundamental Research Issues for HTS Wire Development.

NONE

1998-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

169

Process of Integrating Screening and Detailed Risk-based Modeling Analyses to Ensure Consistent and Scientifically Defensible Results  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

To support cleanup and closure of these tanks, modeling is performed to understand and predict potential impacts to human health and the environment. Pacific Northwest National Laboratory developed a screening tool for the United States Department of Energy, Office of River Protection that estimates the long-term human health risk, from a strategic planning perspective, posed by potential tank releases to the environment. This tool is being conditioned to more detailed model analyses to ensure consistency between studies and to provide scientific defensibility. Once the conditioning is complete, the system will be used to screen alternative cleanup and closure strategies. The integration of screening and detailed models provides consistent analyses, efficiencies in resources, and positive feedback between the various modeling groups. This approach of conditioning a screening methodology to more detailed analyses provides decision-makers with timely and defensible information and increases confidence in the results on the part of clients, regulators, and stakeholders.

Buck, John W.; McDonald, John P.; Taira, Randal Y.

2002-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

170

A consistent modelling methodology for secondary settling tanks in wastewater treatment  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A consistent modelling methodology for secondary settling tanks in wastewater treatment Stefan on a consistent modelling methodology (CMM) of complex real processes in wastewater treatment by utilizing both as a case since this is one of the most complex processes in a wastewater treatment plant and the simulation

Bürger, Raimund

171

A generalized self consistent model for effective elastic moduli of human dentine  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Consistent Model for cell model of fiber-reinforced composites is extended to the case of hollow cylinder model and the corresponding cell model is chosen to consist of a circular hollow cylinder filled from other models such as nano-indentation method. ? 2006 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved. Keywords

Qin, Qinghua

172

Consistent parametric estimation of the intensity of a spatial-temporal point process.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Consistent parametric estimation of the intensity of a spatial-temporal point process. Frederic under which parametric estimates of the intensity of a spatial-temporal point process are consistent. Although the actual point process being estimated may not be Poisson, an estimate involving maximizing

Schoenberg, Frederic Paik (Rick)

173

Are water simulation models consistent with steady-state and ultrafast vibrational spectroscopy experiments?  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Are water simulation models consistent with steady-state and ultrafast vibrational spectroscopy, United States b Department of Chemistry, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, MA 02139, United States c Department of Chemistry, Stanford University, Stanford, CA 94305, United States Received

Fayer, Michael D.

174

Suppressing Multi-Channel Ultra-Low-Field MRI Measurement Noise Using Data Consistency and Image  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

SQUID sensors demonstrate the effectiveness of this data consistency constraint and sparsity prior-mail: fhlin@ntu.edu.tw Introduction MRI has become an indispensible resource in clinical medicine because

175

Analysis of Dual Consistency for Discontinuous Galerkin Discretizations of Source Terms  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The effects of dual consistency on discontinuous Galerkin discretizations of solution and solution gradient dependent source terms are examined. Two common discretizations are analyzed: the standard weighting technique for ...

Darmofal, David L.

176

Precision and consistency of contour interpolation Jacqueline M. Fulvio a,*, Manish Singh b  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Precision and consistency of contour interpolation Jacqueline M. Fulvio a,*, Manish Singh b-mail address: jmf384@nyu.edu (J.M. Fulvio). www.elsevier.com/locate/visres Available online at www

Singh, Manish

177

Consistency Management with Repair Actions Christian Nentwich, Wolfgang Emmerich and Anthony Finkelstein  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Consistency Management with Repair Actions Christian Nentwich, Wolfgang Emmerich and Anthony Finkelstein Department of Computer Science University College London Gower Street, London WC1E 6BT, UK {c.nentwich,w.emmerich

van der Hoek, André

178

Validation of and enhancements to an operating-speed-based geometric design consistency evaluation model  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This thesis documents efforts to validate two elements related to an operating-speed-based geometric design consistency evaluation procedure: (1) the speed reduction estimation ability of the model, and (2) assumptions about acceleration...

Collins, Kent Michael

1995-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

179

Building America Webinar: Standardized Retrofit Packages What Works to Meet Consistent Levels of Performance?  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

This webinar will focus on specific Building America projects that have examined methods to consistently meet high levels of energy performance in existing homes, with a focus on retrofit packages that can be replicated across many homes.

180

Learning Globally Consistent Maps by Relaxation Tom Duckett Stephen Marsland & Jonathan Shapiro  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Learning Globally Consistent Maps by Relaxation #3; Tom Duckett Stephen Marsland & Jonathan Shapiro-70182  Orebro Manchester M13 9PL Sweden England Tom.Duckett@aass.oru.se fmarslans

Duckett, Tom

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "development oecd consists" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


181

Quasiparticle lifetimes in magnesium clusters modeled by self-consistent GW? calculations  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Quasiparticle (QP) lifetimes in magnesium clusters are calculated using many-body Green's-function theory. We analyze the effect of the self-consistency of the one-particle Green's function G on the calculations and ...

He, Yi

182

Effective Mass Matrix for Light Neutrinos Consistent with Solar and Atmospheric Neutrino Experiments  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We propose an effective mass matrix for light neutrinos which is consistent with the mixing pattern indicated by solar and atmospheric neutrino experiments. Two scenarios for the mass eigenvalues are discussed and the connection with double beta decay is noted.

S. P. Rosen; Waikwok Kwong

1995-01-20T23:59:59.000Z

183

Near-infrared photodetector consisting of J-aggregating cyanine dye and metal oxide thin films  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We demonstrate a near-infrared photodetector that consists of a thin film of the J-aggregating cyanine dye, U3, and transparent metal-oxide charge transport layers. The high absorption coefficient of the U3 film, combined ...

Osedach, Timothy P.

184

Design consistency and driver error as reflected by driver workload and accident rates  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

DESIGN CONSISTENCY AND DRIVER ERROR AS REFLECTED BY DRIVER WORKLOAD AND ACCIDENT RATES A Thesis by MARK DOUGLAS WOOLDRIDGE Approved as to style and content by: Daniel B. Fambro (Chair of Committee) Raymond A. Krammes (Member) Olga J.... Pendleton (Member) James T. P. Yao (Head of Department) May 1992 ABSTRACT Design Consistency and Driver Error as Reflected by Driver Workload and Accident Rates (May 1992) Mark Douglas Wooldridge, B. S. , Texas A&M University Chair of Advisory...

Wooldridge, Mark Douglas

1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

185

Relating geometric design consistency and accident experience on two-lane rural highways  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

RELATING GEOMETRIC DESIGN CONSISTENCY AND ACCIDENT EXPERIENCE ON TWO-LANE RURAL HIGHWAYS A Thesis by STEPHEN WADE GLASCOCK Submitted to the Office of Graduate Studies of Texas A&M University in partial fulfillment of the requirements... for the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE May 1991 Major Subject: Civil Engineering RELATING GEOMETRIC DESIGN CONSISTENCY AND ACCIDENT EXPERIENCE ON TWO-LANE RURAL HIGHWAYS A Thesis by STEPHEN WADE GLASCOCK Approved as to style and content by: aymond A...

Glascock, Stephen Wade

1991-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

186

Analysis of international efforts in energy research and development  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Research and experimental development comprise innovative and creative work undertaken systematically to increase the stock of knowledge of science, engineering, and society. This knowledge reserve is used to improve living conditions and standards, including economic growth. Research and development (R&D) expenditures are useful measures of the scale and direction of technological innovation within a country, industry, or scientific field. Administrators concerned with economic growth and performance rely on R&D statistics as one possible type of indicator of technological change. R&D statistics are an essential tool in many government programs and evaluations (OECD 1993). The objective of the analysis was to identify and evaluate R&D funding sources, levels, and trends in the energy sectors of selected industrialized countries (Australia, Belgium, Canada, Denmark, Finland, France, Germany, Italy, Japan, Netherlands, Norway, Sweden, Switzerland, United Kingdom, United States) and the European Union (EU). Fossil fuel technologies, particularly fuel cells and advanced gas turbines, were the focus of the analysis, whose results are presented in this report.

Rezaiyan, A.J.; Gill, R.T.

1995-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

187

DOE-APPROVED COOPERATIVE RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT AGREEMENT LANGUAGE...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

LANGUAGE AND GUIDANCE The Modular Cooperative Research and Development Agreement (CRADA) was developed to promote consistency throughout the Department of Energy (DOE). The...

188

Three path interference using nuclear magnetic resonance: a test of the consistency of Born's rule  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The Born rule is at the foundation of quantum mechanics and transforms our classical way of understanding probabilities by predicting that interference occurs between pairs of independent paths of a single object. One consequence of the Born rule is that three way (or three paths) quantum interference does not exist. In order to test the consistency of the Born rule, we examine detection probabilities in three path intereference using an ensemble of spin-1/2 quantum registers in liquid state nuclear magnetic resonance (LSNMR). As a measure of the consistency, we evaluate the ratio of three way interference to two way interference. Our experiment bounded the ratio to the order of $10^{-3} \\pm 10^{-3}$, and hence it is consistent with Born's rule.

Daniel K. Park; Osama Moussa; Raymond Laflamme

2012-07-10T23:59:59.000Z

189

Temperature Fluctuation and an Expected Limit of Hubble Parameter in the Self-Consistent Model  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The temperature gradient of microwave background radiation (CMBR) is calculated in the Self Consistent Model. An expected values for Hubble parameter have been presented in two different cases. In the first case the temperature is treated as a function of time only, while in the other one the temperature depends on relaxation of isotropy condition in the self-consistent model and the assumption that the universe expands adiabatically. The COBE's or WMAP's fluctuations in temperature of CMBR may be used to predict a value for Hubble parameter.

A. B. Morcos

2004-12-08T23:59:59.000Z

190

DIRHB -- a relativistic self-consistent mean-field framework for atomic nuclei  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The DIRHB package consists of three Fortran computer codes for the calculation of the ground-state properties of even-even atomic nuclei using the framework of relativistic self-consistent mean-field models. Each code corresponds to a particular choice of spatial symmetry: the DIRHBS, DIRHBZ and DIRHBT codes are used to calculate nuclei with spherical symmetry, axially symmetric quadrupole deformation, and triaxial quadrupole shapes, respectively. Reflection symmetry is assumed in all three cases. The latest relativistic nuclear energy density functionals are implemented in the codes, thus enabling efficient and accurate calculations over the entire nuclide chart.

T. Niksic; N. Paar; D. Vretenar; P. Ring

2014-03-17T23:59:59.000Z

191

OPPENHEIM CONJECTURE FOR PAIRS CONSISTING OF A LINEAR FORM AND A QUADRATIC FORM  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

OPPENHEIM CONJECTURE FOR PAIRS CONSISTING OF A LINEAR FORM AND A QUADRATIC FORM ALEXANDER GORODNIK. As a generalization of the Oppenheim conjecture, we prove that the set {(Q(x), L(x)) : x Zd } is dense in R2 provided of author's PhD thesis at Ohio State University done under supervision of Prof. Bergelson. 1 #12;OPPENHEIM

Gorodnik, Alexander

192

OPPENHEIM CONJECTURE FOR PAIRS CONSISTING OF A LINEAR FORM AND A QUADRATIC FORM  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

OPPENHEIM CONJECTURE FOR PAIRS CONSISTING OF A LINEAR FORM AND A QUADRATIC of the Oppenheim conjecture, we prov* *e that the set {(Q(x), L(x)) : x 2 Zd} is dense in R2provided that Q; OPPENHEIM CONJECTURE FOR PAIRS 2 It is easy to see that the second condition

Gorodnik, Alexander

193

Self-consistent photothermal techniques: Application for measuring thermal diffusivity in vegetable oils  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Self-consistent photothermal techniques: Application for measuring thermal diffusivity in vegetable of vegetable oils. The thermal diffusivity of six commercial vegetable oils olive, corn, soybean, canola in terms of thermal diffusivity was shown. The high measurement precision of the TWRC highlights

Mandelis, Andreas

194

Consistent Comparison of Macroscopic and State-to-State Kinetics in Hypersonic Flows  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Consistent Comparison of Macroscopic and State-to-State Kinetics in Hypersonic Flows Gianpiero of Chemistry, Bari, 70126, Italy We present a comparison of numerical results in strongly expanding hypersonic variable in non-equilibrium condi- tions, per unit mass I. Introduction In supersonic and hypersonic flows

D'Ambrosio, Domenic

195

Consistence of a GL(3,R) gauge formulation for topological massive gravity  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We include a Chern-Simons term in a GL(3,R) gauge formulation of gravity with a cosmological contribution in 2+1 dimension and we explore consistence showing that excitations must be causal and standard topological massive gravity is recovered from this type of construction at the torsionless limit.

Rolando Gaitan

2007-10-09T23:59:59.000Z

196

Performance of hybrid quad generation system consisting of solid oxide fuel cell system and  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

cogeneration systems known as Combined Heat and Power (CHP) consist of an internal combustion engine (gas or steam turbine) and with a generator. Together with these main components, there are also various heat engine, a generator and an absorption chiller. The main advantages of these systems in different aspects

Liso, Vincenzo

197

Phytoplankton consists of one-celled marine and freshwater microalgae and other plant-like organisms.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Phytoplankton consists of one-celled marine and freshwater microalgae and other plant-like organisms. They are used in the production of pharmaceuticals, diet supplements, pigments, and biofuels, taking up carbon dioxide and nutrients from the water and using light as an energy source. The microalgae

Florida, University of

198

Checking Consistency of C and Verilog using Predicate Abstraction and Induction  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

consistency between an ANSI- C program and a circuit given in Verilog using Predicate Abstraction to existing tools that perform predicate abstraction, our approach is SAT-based and allows all ANSI Abstraction, Verilog, SAT, Equivalence Checking #12;1 Introduction ANSI-C is a language designed for best

199

Collective spin modes in monodimensional magnonic crystals consisting of dipolarly coupled nanowires  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

encompassing several Brillouin zones relative to the artificial spatial periodicity. This experimental evidence determined by the artificial periodicity. Alternating nanowires of polycrystalline Permalloy Ni80Fe20 exposure wavelength followed by a lift-off technique.4 Sample consists of nanowires of widths w1=350 nm

Adeyeye, Adekunle

200

temperature differences exist between the day and night faces of the planet, consistent with a model  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

with a model in which very little horizontal energy transport occurs in the planetary atmosphere. Furthermoretemperature differences exist between the day and night faces of the planet, consistent. 626, 523 (2005). 3. There is no official terminology for planets that orbit close to their parent

Carpick, Robert W.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "development oecd consists" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


201

Phase-Space Decoherence: a comparison between Consistent Histories and Environment Induced Superselection  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We examine the decoherence properties of a quantum open system as modeled by a quantum optical system in the Markov regime. We look for decoherence in both the Environment Induced Superselection (EIS) and Consistent Histories (CH) frameworks. We propose a general measure of the coherence of the reduced density matrix and find that EIS decoherence occurs in a number of bases for this model. The degree of ``diagonality'' achieved increases with bath temperature. We evaluate the Decoherence Functional of Consistent Histories for coarse grained phase space two-time projected histories. Using the measures proposed by Dowker and Halliwell we find that the consistency of the histories improves with increasing bath temperature, time and final grain size and decreases with initial grain size. The peaking increases with increasing grain size and decreases with increasing bath temperature. Adopting the above proposed measure of ``coherence'' to the Decoherence Functional gives similar results. The results agree in general with expectations while the anomalous dependence of the consistency on the initial grain size is discussed.

J. Twamley

1993-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

202

Consistent off-shell $?N N$ vertex and nucleon self-energy  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We present a consistent calculation of half-off-shell form factors in the pion-nucleon vertex and the nucleon self-energy. Numerical results are presented. Near the on-shell point the pion-nucleon vertex is dominated by the pseudovector coupling, while at large nucleon invariant masses we find a sizable pseudoscalar admixture.

S. Kondratyuk; O. Scholten

1998-11-05T23:59:59.000Z

203

Record-setting algal bloom in Lake Erie caused by agricultural and meteorological trends consistent with  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Record-setting algal bloom in Lake Erie caused by agricultural and meteorological trends consistent) In 2011, Lake Erie experienced the largest harmful algal bloom in its recorded history, with a peak blooms in Lake Erie. extreme precipitation events | climate change | aquatic ecology | Microcystis sp

204

Sufficient Criteria for Consistent Behavior Modeling with Refined Activity Diagrams: Long Version  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

,taentzer}@mathematik.uni-marburg.de 3 Siemens AG, Corporate Technology, Germany, katharina.mehner@siemens.com Abstract. In use case on the theory of graph transformation and paves the ground for a consistency analysis of the required system by a tool for graph transformation. 1 Introduction Requirements engineering is the process of gathering

Wichmann, Felix

205

Nuclear Databases: National Resource Nuclear databases consists of carefully organized scientific  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Nuclear Databases: National Resource Nuclear databases consists of carefully organized scientific information that has been gathered over 50 years of low-energy nuclear physics research worldwide. These powerful databases have enormous value and they represent a genuine national resource. Six core nuclear

Ohta, Shigemi

206

Estimating GRACE monthly water storage change consistent with hydrology by assimilating hydrological  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Estimating GRACE monthly water storage change consistent with hydrology by assimilating hydrological information B. Devaraju, N. Sneeuw Institute of Geodesy, Universit¨at Stuttgart, Germany estimates of mass changes with observed hydrological data, which is available for 20% of the land area

Stuttgart, Universität

207

Functional designed to include surface effects in self-consistent density functional theory R. Armiento1,  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Functional designed to include surface effects in self-consistent density functional theory R 2005 We design a density-functional-theory DFT exchange-correlation functional that enables an accurate density functional theory1 DFT is a method for electronic structure calculations of unparalleled

Armiento, Rickard

208

Neonatal Hearing Screening Test Consistent with loss in one or both ears within frequency range  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Neonatal Hearing Screening Test Consistent with loss in one or both ears within frequency range: Gene specific mutation screening If familial and nonsyndromal is suspected, consider: GJB2 testing GJB6 testing CMV testing Environmental etiologies Gene specific screening may be warranted If nonsyndromal

Levin, Judith G.

209

Hydrological consistency using multi-sensor remote sensing data for water and energy cycle studies  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Hydrological consistency using multi-sensor remote sensing data for water and energy cycle studies and feedback of land surface and atmospheric processes over large space and time scales. Remote sensing-based variables including soil moisture (from AMSR-E), surface heat fluxes (from MODIS) and precipitation rates

Pan, Ming

210

A consistent modelling methodology for secondary settling tanks in wastewater treatment  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A consistent modelling methodology for secondary settling tanks in wastewater treatment Raimund Bu in wastewater treatment by combining classical concepts with results from applied mathematics, and partly was chosen as a case since this is one of the most complex processes in a wastewater treatment plant

Bürger, Raimund

211

Uniform strong consistency of a frontier estimator using kernel regression on high order moments  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Uniform strong consistency of a frontier estimator using kernel regression on high order moments order moments estimator of the frontier of a random pair in- troduced by Girard, S., Guillou, A., Stupfler, G. (2012). Frontier estimation with kernel regression on high order moments. It is shown

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

212

Fourier grid Hamiltonian multiconfigurational self-consistent-field: A method to calculate multidimensional hydrogen vibrational  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Fourier grid Hamiltonian multiconfigurational self-consistent-field: A method to calculate Received 10 May 2000; accepted 28 June 2000 The Fourier Grid Hamiltonian Multiconfigurational Self that are products of one-dimensional wavefunctions, with a Fourier grid method that represents the one

Hammes-Schiffer, Sharon

213

UNSUPERVISED MINING OF AUDIOVISUALLY CONSISTENT SEGMENTS IN VIDEOS WITH APPLICATION TO STRUCTURE ANALYSIS  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

UNSUPERVISED MINING OF AUDIOVISUALLY CONSISTENT SEGMENTS IN VIDEOS WITH APPLICATION TO STRUCTURE technique is proposed to discover repeating video segments exhibiting audio and visual con- sistency accurate detection of the underlying event throughout the video. Event min- ing is applied to unsupervised

Paris-Sud XI, Universit de

214

A Generalization of Generalized Arc Consistency: From Constraint Satisfaction to Constraint-Based Inference  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

-binary classic con- straint satisfaction problems (CSPs). Based on the Semiring CSP and Valued CSP frameworks CSP, probabilistic CSP, max CSP, and weighted CSP. This extension is based on an idempotent satisfaction problem (CSP), local consistency can be characterized as deriving new constraints based on local

Mackworth, Alan K.

215

CSPs and complexity An instance of the constraint satisfaction problem (CSP) consists of a set of  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

CSPs and complexity An instance of the constraint satisfaction problem (CSP) consists of a set to the variables in a way so that all constraints are (simultaneously) satisfied. The general CSP is NP-complete. However, when the CSP is restricted to a fixed constraint language (a set of allowed constraint

Zhao, Yuxiao

216

Changing System Interfaces Consistently: a New Refinement Strategy for CSP B  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Changing System Interfaces Consistently: a New Refinement Strategy for CSP B Steve Schneider refinement in the context of CSP B. Our motivation to include this notion of refinement within the CSP B to change the events of a CSP process and the B machines when refining a system. Notions of refinement based

Doran, Simon J.

217

(Smart) Look-Ahead Arc Consistency and the Pursuit of CSP Tractability  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

(Smart) Look-Ahead Arc Consistency and the Pursuit of CSP Tractability Hubie Chen 1 and V#19. The constraint satisfaction problem (CSP) can be formu- lated as the problem of deciding, given a pair (A; B) of relational struc- tures, whether or not there is a homomorphism from A to B. Although the CSP is in general

Dalmau, Victor

218

Hamiltonian description of self-consistent wave-particle dynamics in a periodic Frederic Andre,1,  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of the electron, self-acceleration and acausality, also appear incompatible with the existence of a wellHamiltonian description of self-consistent wave-particle dynamics in a periodic structure Fr conserves energy and excludes self-acceleration. A complete Hamiltonian formulation results from adding

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

219

Optimizing Repair Programs for Consistent Query Answering Monica Caniupan and Leopoldo Bertossi  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, a logic programming system that implements the stable models semantics, in particular. We also analyze be restored minimally by inserting Q(a) or elim- inating S(a). The repair program contains the following 1Optimizing Repair Programs for Consistent Query Answering Monica Caniupan and Leopoldo Bertossi

Bertossi, Leopoldo

220

Computer Graphics International 2004 (CGI), June 1619, Crete, Greece. IEEE Computer Society Press. Consistent Normal Orientation for Polygonal Meshes  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. Consistent Normal Orientation for Polygonal Meshes Pavel Borodin Gabriel Zachmann Reinhard Klein Institute

Zachmann, Gabriel

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "development oecd consists" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


221

Toward a Unified Framework for Quality and Consistency Verification of UML Models  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

the advantages of both static and dynamic verification methods in order to increase the proficiency of the MDD to identify the key features for developing a unified framework suitable to tailor the development process the development team to exercising that vocabulary in all communi- cations using diagrams, writing, and especially

Comini, Marco

222

Sustainable Development  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

160 Sustainable Development Sustainable Development Degree options BSc or MA (Single Honours Degree) Sustainable Development Contributing Schools Biology; Chemistry; Computer Science; Geography & Geosciences in arts subjects as partner subjects within Sustainable Development, then you should apply for the MA

Brierley, Andrew

223

Self-consistent field theory based molecular dynamics with linear system-size scaling  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We present an improved field-theoretic approach to the grand-canonical potential suitable for linear scaling molecular dynamics simulations using forces from self-consistent electronic structure calculations. It is based on an exact decomposition of the grand canonical potential for independent fermions and does neither rely on the ability to localize the orbitals nor that the Hamilton operator is well-conditioned. Hence, this scheme enables highly accurate all-electron linear scaling calculations even for metallic systems. The inherent energy drift of Born-Oppenheimer molecular dynamics simulations, arising from an incomplete convergence of the self-consistent field cycle, is circumvented by means of a properly modified Langevin equation. The predictive power of the present approach is illustrated using the example of liquid methane under extreme conditions.

Richters, Dorothee [Institute of Mathematics and Center for Computational Sciences, Johannes Gutenberg University Mainz, Staudinger Weg 9, D-55128 Mainz (Germany)] [Institute of Mathematics and Center for Computational Sciences, Johannes Gutenberg University Mainz, Staudinger Weg 9, D-55128 Mainz (Germany); Khne, Thomas D., E-mail: kuehne@uni-mainz.de [Institute of Physical Chemistry and Center for Computational Sciences, Johannes Gutenberg University Mainz, Staudinger Weg 7, D-55128 Mainz (Germany); Technical and Macromolecular Chemistry, University of Paderborn, Warburger Str. 100, D-33098 Paderborn (Germany)

2014-04-07T23:59:59.000Z

224

Transport enhancement and suppression in turbulent magnetic reconnection: A self-consistent turbulence model  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Through the enhancement of transport, turbulence is expected to contribute to the fast reconnection. However, the effects of turbulence are not so straightforward. In addition to the enhancement of transport, turbulence under some environment shows effects that suppress the transport. In the presence of turbulent cross helicity, such dynamic balance between the transport enhancement and suppression occurs. As this result of dynamic balance, the region of effective enhanced magnetic diffusivity is confined to a narrow region, leading to the fast reconnection. In order to confirm this idea, a self-consistent turbulence model for the magnetic reconnection is proposed. With the aid of numerical simulations where turbulence effects are incorporated in a consistent manner through the turbulence model, the dynamic balance in the turbulence magnetic reconnection is confirmed.

Yokoi, N. [Institute of Industrial Science, University of Tokyo, Tokyo (Japan)] [Institute of Industrial Science, University of Tokyo, Tokyo (Japan); Higashimori, K.; Hoshino, M. [Department of Earth and Planetary Science, University of Tokyo, Tokyo (Japan)] [Department of Earth and Planetary Science, University of Tokyo, Tokyo (Japan)

2013-12-15T23:59:59.000Z

225

Self-consistent solution for proximity effect and Josephson current in ballistic graphene SNS Josephson junctions  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We use a tight-binding Bogoliubov-de Gennes (BdG) formalism to self-consistently calculate the proximity effect, Josephson current, and local density of states in ballistic graphene SNS Josephson junctions. Both short and long junctions, with respect to the superconducting coherence length, are considered, as well as different doping levels of the graphene. We show that self-consistency does not notably change the current-phase relationship derived earlier for short junctions using the non-selfconsistent Dirac-BdG formalism but predict a significantly increased critical current with a stronger junction length dependence. In addition, we show that in junctions with no Fermi level mismatch between the N and S regions superconductivity persists even in the longest junctions we can investigate, indicating a diverging Ginzburg-Landau superconducting coherence length in the normal region.

Black-Schaffer, Annica M.

2010-04-06T23:59:59.000Z

226

New wind input term consistent with experimental, theoretical and numerical considerations  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We offer a new method for determining the wind source term for energy and momentum fluxes transfer from the atmosphere to the wind-driven sea. This new source-term formulation is based on extensive analysis of experimental data collected at different sites around the world. It is shown that this new wind source term to be consistent both with numerical solution of exact equation for resonant four-wave interactions and available experimental data.

V. E. Zakharov; D. Resio; A. Pushkarev

2012-12-05T23:59:59.000Z

227

Comparison of Self-Consistent Skyrme and Gogny Calculations for Light Hg Isotopes  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The ground-state properties of neutron-deficient Hg isotopes have been investigated by the constrained self-consistent Hartree-Fock-Bogoliubov approach with the Skyrme and Gogny effective forces. In the case of the Skyrme interaction we h ave also applied the Hartree-Fock+BCS model with the state-dependent $\\delta$-pairing interaction. Potential energy surfaces and pairing properties have been compared for the both types of forces.

M. Warda; A. Staszczak; L. Prchniak

2011-07-05T23:59:59.000Z

228

Two-particle irreducible effective actions versus resummation: analytic properties and self-consistency  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Approximations based on two-particle irreducible (2PI) effective actions (also known as $\\Phi$-derivable, Cornwall-Jackiw-Tomboulis or Luttinger-Ward functionals depending on context) have been widely used in condensed matter and non-equilibrium quantum/statistical field theory because this formalism gives a robust, self-consistent, non-perturbative and systematically improvable approach which avoids problems with secular time evolution. The strengths of 2PI approximations are often described in terms of a selective resummation of Feynman diagrams to infinite order. However, the Feynman diagram series is asymptotic and summation is at best a dangerous procedure. Here we show that, at least in the context of a toy model where exact results are available, the true strength of 2PI approximations derives from their self-consistency rather than any resummation. This self-consistency allows truncated 2PI approximations to capture the branch points of physical amplitudes where adjustments of coupling constants can trigger an instability of the vacuum. This, in effect, turns Dyson's argument for the failure of perturbation theory on its head. As a result we find that 2PI approximations perform better than Pad\\'e approximation, but not as well as Borel summation where the latter is well-defined. Finally, we introduce a hybrid 2PI-Pad\\'e method.

Michael Brown; Ian Whittingham

2015-03-30T23:59:59.000Z

229

Consistent Data Assimilation of Actinide Isotopes: 235U and 239Pu  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In this annual report we illustrate the methodology of the consistent data assimilation that allows to use the information coming from integral experiments for improving the basic nuclear parameters used in cross section evaluation. A series of integral experiments were analyzed using the EMPIRE evaluated files for {sup 235}U, {sup 238}U, and {sup 239}Pu. Inmost cases the results have shown quite large worse results with respect to the corresponding existing evaluations available for ENDF/B-VII. The observed discrepancies between calculated and experimental results were used in conjunction with the computed sensitivity coefficients and covariance matrix for nuclear parameters in a consistent data assimilation. Only the GODIVA and JEZEBEL experimental results were used, in order to exploit information relative to the isotope of interest that are, in this particular case: {sup 235}U and {sup 239}Pu. The results obtained by the consistent data assimilation indicate that with reasonable modifications (mostly within the initial standard deviation) it is possible to eliminate the original large discrepancies on the K{sub eff} of the two critical configurations. However, some residual discrepancy remains for a few fission spectral indices that are, most likely, to be attributed to the detector cross sections.

G. Palmiottti; H. Hiruta; M. Salvatores

2011-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

230

Impaired learning of phonetic consistency and generalized neural adaptation deficits in dyslexia  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Developmental dyslexia is a neurological condition that specifically impairs the development of expert reading ability. Phonological processing deficits -- impaired representation of, or access to, the abstract units of ...

Perrachione, Tyler K. (Tyler Kent)

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

231

Self-consistent description of coexistence phenomena in medium mass nuclei  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Shape coexistence and mixing, isospin mixing, the competition between neutron-proton and like-nucleon pairing correlations have been identified as the main characteristic features of nuclei near the N = Z line in the A{approx_equal}70 mass region. The self-consistent treatment of exotic phenomena dominated by their interplay represents a challenge for the nuclear many-body models. The realistic description of tiny effects in this mass region aiming to test the fundamental interactions and symmetries as well as the required theoretical predictions concerning the nuclear properties relevant for astrophysical scenarios are still open problems of the low-energy nuclear physics today.

Petrovici, A. [National Institute for Physics and Nuclear Engineering, R-077125 Bucharest (Romania); Institut fuer Theoretische Physik, Universitaet Tuebingen, D-72076 Tuebingen (Germany); Schmid, K. W.; Faessler, Amand [Institut fuer Theoretische Physik, Universitaet Tuebingen, D-72076 Tuebingen (Germany); Andrei, O. [National Institute for Physics and Nuclear Engineering, R-077125 Bucharest (Romania)

2010-11-24T23:59:59.000Z

232

The solar tachocline: a self-consistent model of magnetic confinement  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The Solar Tachocline: A Self-Consistent Model of Magnetic Confinement Toby Wood Queens College, Cambridge A Dissertation submitted to the University of Cambridge for the degree of Doctor of Philosophy April 2010 There is no easy way from the earth... with members of my research group, including Prof. D. O. Gough, Dr. G. I. Ogilvie, Prof. J. C. B. Papaloizou, Prof. M. R. E. Proctor and Prof. N. O. Weiss. I am indebted to Prof. J. Christensen- Dalsgaard for providing the one-dimensional profiles of the solar...

Wood, Toby

2011-01-11T23:59:59.000Z

233

Color-spin locking in a self-consistent Dyson-Schwinger approach  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We investigate the color-spin locked (CSL) phase of spin-one color- superconducting quark matter using a truncated Dyson-Schwinger equation for the quark propagator in Landau gauge. Starting from the most general parity conserving ansatz allowed by the CSL symmetry, the Dyson-Schwinger equation is solved self-consistently and dispersion relations are discussed. We find that chiral symmetry is spontaneously broken due to terms which have previously been neglected. As a consequence, the excitation spectrum contains only gapped modes even for massless quarks. Moreover, at moderate chemical potentials the quasiparticle pairing gaps are several times larger than expected from extrapolated weak-coupling results.

Florian Marhauser; Dominik Nickel; Michael Buballa; Jochen Wambach

2007-03-30T23:59:59.000Z

234

Self-consistent Green's function calculation of 16O at small missing energies  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Calculations of the one-hole spectral function of 16O for small missing energies are reviewed. The self-consistent Green's function approach is employed together with the Faddeev equations technique in order to study the coupling of both particle-particle and particle-hole phonons to the single-particle motion. The results indicate that the characteristics of hole fragmentation are related to the low-lying states of 16O and an improvement of the description of this spectrum, beyond the random phase approximation, is required to understand the experimental strength distribution. A first calculation in this direction that accounts for two-phonon states is discussed.

C. Barbieri; W. H. Dickhoff

2004-10-19T23:59:59.000Z

235

Some exploitations of the self-consistent QRPA approach with the Gogny force  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Fully consistent axially-symmetric-deformed quasiparticle random phase approximation calculations have been performed with the D1S Gogny force. Giant resonances in exotic nuclei as well as in deformed Mg and Si isotopes have been studied. Dipole responses have been calculated in Ne isotopes and N=16 isotones to study the existence of soft dipole modes in exotic nuclei. The same formalism has been used to describe multipole responses up to octupole in the deformed and heavy nucleus {sup 238}U. Low energy spectroscopy of nickel isotopes has been studied, revealing 0{sup +} states which display a particular structure.

Peru, S.; Martini, M.; Dupuis, M. [CEA,DAM, DIF, F-91297 Arpajon (France); Institut d'Astronomie et d'Astrophysique, Universite Libre de Bruxelles, CP-226, 1050 Brussels, Belgium and CEA,DAM, DIF, F-91297 Arpajon (France); CEA,DAM, DIF, F-91297 Arpajon (France)

2012-10-20T23:59:59.000Z

236

Self-consistent study of the alpha particle driven TAE mode  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The interaction of high energy particles with an Alfven eigenmode is investigated self-consistently by using a realistic kinetic dispersion relation. All important poloidal mode numbers and their radial mode profiles as calculated with the NOVA-K code are included. A Hamiltonian guiding center code is used to simulate the alpha particle motion. The numerical simulations include particle orbit width, nonlinear particle dynamics and the effects of the modes on the particles. Modification of the particle distribution leading to mode saturation is observed. Particle loss is limited to devices in which the alpha particle gyro radius is a significant fraction of the minor radius.

Wu, Y.; White, R.B.

1994-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

237

Sustainable Development  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

150 Sustainable Development Sustainable Development MA or BSc (Single Honours Degree) Sustainable Sustainable Development, then you should apply for the MA degree, and students most interested in Science subjects as partner subjects within Sustainable Development should apply for the BSc degree. Subject

Brierley, Andrew

238

CO sub 2 emissions from developing countries: Better understanding the role of energy in the long term  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Recent years have witnessed a growing recognition of the link between emissions of carbon dioxide (CO{sub 2}) and changes in the global climate. of all anthropogenic activities, energy production and use generate the single largest portion of these greenhouse gases. Although developing countries currently account for a small share of global carbon emissions, their contribution is increasing rapidly. Due to the rapid expansion of energy demand in these nations, the developing world's share in global modern energy use rose from 16 to 27 percent between 1970 and 1990. If the growth rates observed over the past 20 years persist, energy demand in developing nations will surpass that in the countries of the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD) early in the 21st century. The study seeks to examine the forces that galvanize the growth of energy use and carbon emissions, to assess the likely future levels of energy and CO{sub 2} in selected developing nations and to identify opportunities for restraining this growth. The purpose of this report is to provide the quantitative information needed to develop effective policy options, not to identify the options themselves. A combined study was carried out for the countries of the Gulf Cooperation Council (Bahrain, Kuwait, Oman, Qatar, Saudi Arabia and the United Arab Emirates).

Sathaye, J.; Goldman, N. (eds.)

1991-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

239

CO sub 2 emissions from developing countries: Better understanding the role of Energy in the long term  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Recent years have witnessed a growing recognition of the link between emissions of carbon dioxide (CO{sub 2}) and changes in the global climate. Of all anthropogenic activities, energy production and use generate the single largest portion of these greenhouse gases. Although developing countries currently account for a small share of global carbon emissions, their contribution is increasing rapidly. Due to the rapid expansion of energy demand in these nations, the developing world's share in global modern energy use rose from 16 to 27 percent between 1970 and 1990. If the growth rates observed over the past 20 years persist energy demand in developing will surpass that in the countries of the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD) early in the 21st century. The study seeks to examine the forces that galvanize the growth of energy use and carbon emissions, to assess the likely future levels of energy and CO{sub 2} in selected developing nations and to identify opportunities for restraining this growth. The purpose of this report is to provide the quantitative information needed to develop effective policy options, not to identify the options themselves. These individual studies were conducted fro Argentina, Brazil, Mexico and Venezuela in Latin America.

Ketoff, A.; Sathaye, J.; Goldman, N. (eds.)

1991-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

240

International Petroleum Statistics Report, July 1994  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The International Petroleum Statistics Report presents data on international oil production, demand, imports, exports, and stocks. The report has four sections. Section 1 contains time series data on world oil production, and on oil demand and stocks in the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD). This section contains annual data beginning in 1985, and monthly data for the most recent two years. Section 2 presents an oil supply/demand balance for the world. This balance is presented in quarterly intervals for the most recent two years. Section 3 presents data on oil imports by OECD countries. This section contains annual data for the most recent year, quarterly data for the most recent two quarters, and monthly data for the most recent twelve months. Section 4 presents annual time series data on world oil production and oil stocks, demand, and trade in OECD countries. World oil production and OECD demand data are for the years 1970 through 1993; OECD stocks from 1973 through 1993; and OECD trade from 1983 through 1993. Data for the United States are developed by the Energy Information Administration`s (EIA) Office of Oil and Gas. Data for other countries are derived largely from published sources, including International Energy Agency publications, the EIA International Energy Annual, and the trade press. (See sources after each section.) All data are reviewed by the International Statistics Branch of EIA. All data have been converted to units of measurement familiar to the American public. Definitions of oil production and consumption are consistent with other EIA publications.

Not Available

1994-07-26T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "development oecd consists" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
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We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


241

Self-consistent Cooper-Frye freeze-out of a viscous fluid to particles  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Comparing hydrodynamic simulations to heavy-ion data inevitably requires the conversion of the fluid to particles. This conversion, typically done in the Cooper-Frye formalism, is ambiguous for viscous fluids. We compute self-consistent phase space corrections by solving the linearized Boltzmann equation and contrast the solutions to those obtained using the ad-hoc "democratic Grad" ansatz typically employed in the literature where coefficients are independent of particle dynamics. Solutions are calculated analytically for a massless gas and numerically for both a pion-nucleon gas and for the general case of a hadron resonance gas. We find that the momentum dependence of the corrections in all systems investigated is best fit by a power close to 3/2 rather than the typically used quadratic ansatz. The effects on harmonic flow coefficients $v_2$ and $v_4$ are substantial, and should be taken into account when extracting medium properties from experimental data.

Zack Wolff; Denes Molnar

2014-07-24T23:59:59.000Z

242

Methods for consistent forewarning of critical events across multiple data channels  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

This invention teaches further method improvements to forewarn of critical events via phase-space dissimilarity analysis of data from biomedical equipment, mechanical devices, and other physical processes. One improvement involves conversion of time-serial data into equiprobable symbols. A second improvement is a method to maximize the channel-consistent total-true rate of forewarning from a plurality of data channels over multiple data sets from the same patient or process. This total-true rate requires resolution of the forewarning indications into true positives, true negatives, false positives and false negatives. A third improvement is the use of various objective functions, as derived from the phase-space dissimilarity measures, to give the best forewarning indication. A fourth improvement uses various search strategies over the phase-space analysis parameters to maximize said objective functions. A fifth improvement shows the usefulness of the method for various biomedical and machine applications.

Hively, Lee M.

2006-11-21T23:59:59.000Z

243

A consistent approach to large eddy simulation using adaptive mesh refinement  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The large eddy simulation of turbulent flows is discussed with particular attention paid to the issue of commutation of differentiation and filtering. Multi-level adaptive mesh refinement is proposed as a means of mostly avoiding commutation errors where increased grid resolution is required to capture key flow features. The strategy is to employ multiple uniform grids in a nested hierarchy using a constant-width filter for each grid. It is shown that commutivity of fine and coarse grid filters must be enforced in order to consistently relate variables at different refinement levels. Methods for treating fine grid boundaries and walls are also discussed. It is shown that errors associated with boundary treatments are small and localized.

Cook, A.W.

1999-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

244

Freeze-out parameters from electric charge and baryon number fluctuations: is there consistency?  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Recent results for moments of multiplicity distributions of net-protons and net-electric charge from the STAR collaboration are compared to lattice QCD results for higher order fluctuations of baryon number and electric charge by the Wuppertal-Budapest collaboration, with the purpose of extracting the freeze-out temperature and chemical potential. All lattice simulations are performed for a system of 2+1 dynamical quark flavors, at the physical mass for light and strange quarks; all results are continuum extrapolated. We show that it is possible to extract an upper value for the freeze-out temperature, as well as precise baryo-chemical potential values corresponding to the four highest collision energies of the experimental beam energy scan. Consistency between the freeze-out parameters obtained from baryon number and electric charge fluctuations is found. The freeze-out chemical potentials are now in agreement with the statistical hadronization model.

S. Borsanyi; Z. Fodor; S. D. Katz; S. Krieg; C. Ratti; K. K. Szabo

2014-03-25T23:59:59.000Z

245

Global helioseismic evidence for a deeply penetrating Solar meridional flow consisting of multiple flow cells  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We use a novel global helioseismic analysis method to infer the meridional flow in the deep Solar interior. The method is based on the perturbation of eigenfunctions of Solar p modes due to meridional flow. We apply this method to time series obtained from Dopplergrams measured by the Michelson Doppler Imager aboard the Solar and Heliospheric Observatory (SOHO) covering the observation period 2004-2010. Our results show evidence that the meridional flow reaches down to the base of the convection zone. The flow profile has a complex spatial structure consisting of multiple flow cells distributed in depth and latitude. Toward the Solar surface, our results are in good agreement with flow measurements from local helioseismology.

Schad, A; Roth, M

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

246

Self-consistent description of single-particle levels of magic nuclei  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Single-particle levels of seven magic nuclei are calculated within the Energy Density Functional (EDF) method by Fayans et al. Three versions of the EDF are used, the initial Fayans functional DF3 and its two variations, DF3-a and DF3-b, with different values of spin-orbit parameters. Comparison is made with predictions of the Skyrme-Hartree-Fock method with the HFB-17 functional. For the DF3-a functional, phonon coupling (PC) corrections to single-particle energies are found self-consistently with an approximate account for the tadpole diagram. Account for the PC corrections improves agreement with the data for heavy nuclei, e.g. for 208 Pb. On the other hand, for lighter nuclei, e.g. 40,48 Ca, PC corrections make the agreement a little worse. As estimations show, the main reason is that the approximation we use for the tadpole term is less accurate for the light nuclei.

N. V. Gnezdilov; I. N. Borzov; E. E. Saperstein; S. V. Tolokonnikov

2014-04-04T23:59:59.000Z

247

Method for using global optimization to the estimation of surface-consistent residual statics  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

An efficient method for generating residual statics corrections to compensate for surface-consistent static time shifts in stacked seismic traces. The method includes a step of framing the residual static corrections as a global optimization problem in a parameter space. The method also includes decoupling the global optimization problem involving all seismic traces into several one-dimensional problems. The method further utilizes a Stochastic Pijavskij Tunneling search to eliminate regions in the parameter space where a global minimum is unlikely to exist so that the global minimum may be quickly discovered. The method finds the residual statics corrections by maximizing the total stack power. The stack power is a measure of seismic energy transferred from energy sources to receivers.

Reister, David B. (Knoxville, TN); Barhen, Jacob (Oak Ridge, TN); Oblow, Edward M. (Knoxville, TN)

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

248

A Simplified Self-Consistent Probabilities Framework to Characterize Percolation Phenomena on Interdependent Networks : An Overview  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Interdependent networks are ubiquitous in our society, ranging from infrastructure to economics, and the study of their cascading behaviors using percolation theory has attracted much attention in the recent years. To analyze the percolation phenomena of these systems, different mathematical frameworks have been proposed including generating functions, eigenvalues among some others. These different frameworks approach the phase transition behaviors from different angles, and have been very successful in shaping the different quantities of interest including critical threshold, size of the giant component, order of phase transition and the dynamics of cascading. These methods also vary in their mathematical complexity in dealing with interdependent networks that have additional complexity in terms of the correlation among different layers of networks or links. In this work, we review a particular approach of simple self-consistent probability equations, and illustrate that it can greatly simplify the mathemati...

Feng, Ling; Hu, Yanqing

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

249

Discovery of a New Galactic Center Excess Consistent with Upscattered Starlight  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We present a new extended gamma ray excess toward the Galactic Center that traces the 3.4 micron infrared emission morphology. Combined with its measured spectrum, this new extended source is consistent with inverse Compton emission from a high-energy electron-positron population with energies up to about 10 GeV. Previously detected emissions tracing the 20 cm radio, interpreted as bremsstrahlung radiation, and the Galactic Center Extended emission tracing a spherical distribution and peaking at 2 GeV, are also detected. We show that the inverse Compton and bremsstrahlung emissions are likely due to the same source of electrons and positrons. All three extended emissions may be explained within the framework of a model where the dark matter annihilates to leptons or a model with unresolved millisecond pulsars in the Galactic Center.

Kevork N. Abazajian; Nicolas Canac; Shunsaku Horiuchi; Manoj Kaplinghat; Anna Kwa

2014-10-22T23:59:59.000Z

250

Using water activity measurements to evaluate rheological consistency and structure strength of sludge  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of sludge G. Agoda-Tandjawa, E. Dieud-Fauvel*, R. Girault. and J.-C. Baudez Irstea, UR TSCF, Domaine des/solid matter interactions in sewage sludge has been developed, based on both rheological characteristics parameters (G' and G'') of both raw and flocculated sewage sludge at optimal dose of polymer increase

Paris-Sud XI, Universit de

251

ECH Technology Development  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Electron Cyclotron Heating (ECH) is needed for plasma heating, current drive, plasma stability control, and other applications in fusion energy sciences research. The program of fusion energy sciences supported by U. S. DOE, Office of Science, Fusion Energy Sciences relies on the development of ECH technology to meet the needs of several plasma devices working at the frontier of fusion energy sciences research. The largest operating ECH system in the world is at DIII-D, consisting of six 1 MW, 110 GHz gyrotrons capable of ten second pulsed operation, plus two newer gyrotrons. The ECH Technology Development research program investigated the options for upgrading the DIII-D 110 GHz ECH system. Options included extending present-day 1 MW technology to 1.3 1.5 MW power levels or developing an entirely new approach to achieve up to 2 MW of power per gyrotron. The research consisted of theoretical research and designs conducted by Communication and Power Industries of Palo Alto, CA working with MIT. Results of the study would be validated in a later phase by research on short pulse length gyrotrons at MIT and long pulse / cw gyrotrons in industry. This research follows a highly successful program of development that has led to the highly reliable, six megawatt ECH system at the DIII-D tokamak. Eventually, gyrotrons at the 1.5 megawatt to multi-megawatt power level will be needed for heating and current drive in large scale plasmas including ITER and DEMO.

Temkin, Richard [MIT

2014-12-24T23:59:59.000Z

252

A Self-Consistent Model For The Long-Term Gamma-Ray Spectral Variability of Cygnus X-1  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The long-term transitions of the black hole candidate Cygnus X-1 (between the states gamma_1, gamma_2, and gamma_3) include the occasional appearance of a strong ~ MeV bump (gamma_1), whose strength appears to be anti-correlated with the continuum flux (~ 400 keV) due to the Compton upscattering of cold disk photons by the inner, hot corona. We develop a self-consistent disk picture that accounts naturally for these transitions and their corresponding spectral variations. We argue that the bump is due to the self-Comptonization of bremsstrahlung photons emitted predominantly near the plane of the corona itself. Our results suggest that a decrease by a factor of approx 2 in the viscosity parameter alpha is responsible for quenching this bump and driving the system to the gamma_2 state, whereas a transition from gamma_2 to gamma_3 appears to be induced by an increase of about 25 % in the accretion rate Mdot. In view of the fact that most of the transitions observed in this source seem to be of the gamma_2 to gamma_3 variety, we conclude that much of the long term gamma-ray spectral variability in Cygnus X-1 is due to these small fluctuations in Mdot. The unusual appearance of the gamma_1 state apparently reflects a change in the dissipative processes within the disk.

Fulvio Melia; Ranjeev Misra

1993-06-19T23:59:59.000Z

253

Consistency in the Sum Frequency Generation Intensity and Phase Vibrational Spectra of the Air/Neat Water Interface  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Tremendous progresses have been made in quantitative understanding and interpretation of the hydrogen bonding and ordering structure at the air/water interface since the first sum-frequency generation vibrational spectroscopy (SFG-VS) measurement on the neat air/water interface by Q. Du et al. in 1993 (PRL, 70, 2312-2316, 1993.). However, there are still disagreements and controversies on the consistency between the different experiment measurements and the theoretical computational results. One critical problem lies in the inconsistency between the SFG-VS intensity measurements and the recently developed SFG-VS phase spectra measurements of the neat air/water interface, which has inspired various theoretical efforts trying to understand them. In this report, the reliability of the SFG-VS intensity spectra of the neat air/water interface is to be quantitatively examined, and the sources of possible inaccuracies in the SFG-VS phase spectral measurement is to be discussed based on the non-resonant SHG phase measurement results. The conclusion is that the SFG-VS intensity spectra data from different laboratories are now quantitatively converging and in agreement with each other, and the possible inaccuracies and inconsistencies in the SFG-VS phase spectra measurements need to be carefully examined against the properly corrected phase standard.

Feng, Ranran; Guo, Yuan; Lu, Rong; Velarde Ruiz Esparza, Luis A.; Wang, Hongfei

2011-06-16T23:59:59.000Z

254

SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Report on SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT 2 0 1 1 2 0 1 2 ISCN-GULF Charter Report #12;3 1. FACILITIES with projects of our University's Cell for Sustainable Development; it also presents evidence for steady alike. THIS REPORT This is the second report on sustainable development at the University of Luxembourg

van der Torre, Leon

255

Self-consistent modeling of DC and microwave nitrogen discharges and their afterglows  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This report presents an investigation on the modeling of stationary DC and microwave nitrogen discharges and their afterglows, operating at pressures around one Torr and ionization degrees between 10-7-10-4. The model is based on the self-consistent solutions to the electron Boltzmann equation coupled to the rate balance equations for the most important neutral and charged species, the wave electrodynamics characteristics and the gas thermal balance equation. The results are obtained as a function of the usual discharge operating parameters, namely gas pressure, discharge current or electron density, and tube radius. It is shown that the vibrationally excited molecules play a central role in the whole problem, ensuring a strong link between different kinetics and directly contributing to the mechanisms of dissociation and gas heating. Furthermore, vibrationally excited molecules in high vibration levels are in the origin of the peaks observed in the flowing afterglow for the concentrations of several species, such as N{sub 2}(A {sup 3}{sigma}{sub g}{sup +}), N2(B 3{pi}g), N{sub 2}{sup +}(B {sup 2}{sigma}{sub u}{sup +}) and electrons, which occur downstream from the discharge after a dark zone as a consequence of the V-V up-pumping mechanism.

Guerra, Vasco [Centro de Fisica dos Plasmas, Instituto Superior Tecnico, 1049-001 Lisbon (Portugal)

2004-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

256

Combined uranous nitrate production consisting of undivided electrolytic cell and divided electrolytic cell (Electrolysis ? Electrolytic cell)  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The electrochemical reduction of uranyl nitrate is a green, mild way to make uranous ions. Undivided electrolyzers whose maintenance is less but their conversion ratio and current efficiency are low, have been chosen. However, at the beginning of undivided electrolysis, high current efficiency can also be maintained. Divided electrolyzers' conversion ratio and current efficiency is much higher because the re-oxidation of uranous on anode is avoided, but their maintenance costs are more, because in radioactive environment the membrane has to be changed after several operations. In this paper, a combined method of uranous production is proposed which consists of 2 stages: undivided electrolysis (early stage) and divided electrolysis (late stage) to benefit from the advantages of both electrolysis modes. The performance of the combined method was tested. The results show that in combined mode, after 200 min long electrolysis (80 min undivided electrolysis and 120 min divided electrolysis), U(IV) yield can achieve 92.3% (500 ml feed, U 199 g/l, 72 cm{sup 2} cathode, 120 mA/cm{sup 2}). Compared with divided mode, about 1/3 working time in divided electrolyzer is reduced to achieve the same U(IV) yield. If 120 min long undivided electrolysis was taken, more than 1/2 working time can be reduced in divided electrolyzer, which means that about half of the maintenance cost can also be reduced. (authors)

Yuan, Zhongwei; Yan, Taihong; Zheng, Weifang; Li, Xiaodong; Yang, Hui; Xian, Liang [China Institute of Atomic Energy, P.O.Box 275-26, Beijing 102413 (China)

2013-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

257

New Embolization Microcoil Consisting of Firm and Flexible Segments: Preliminary Clinical Experience  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Purpose. To describe the preliminary clinical experience with a new embolization microcoil. Methods. The microcoil was made of a platinum coil spring, and consisted of firm and flexible segments. The firm segment functioned as an anchor and the flexible segment was well compacted to occlude the arteries. No Dacron fiber was attached. Seventy-one new microcoils were placed via microcatheters in 28 visceral arteries of 17 patients. Two other types of microcoils with Dacron fibers were used together in 8 arteries. Results. Sixty-nine new microcoils were placed and compacted successfully. Two coils were misplaced; one was retrieved and the other was left in the migrated artery, which remained patent 5 months later. All 28 arteries were occluded, and the goals of intervention were achieved successfully in all 17 cases. Conclusion. The new microcoils anchored and compacted well in the arteries. The clinical feasibility of this coil design was confirmed. The additional use of other types of microcoils with Dacron fiber was necessary to obtain rapid occlusion in some cases.

Irie, Toshiyuki [Hitachi General Hospital, Department of Radiology (Japan)], E-mail: toshiyuki.irie@ibabyo.hitachi.co.jp

2006-12-15T23:59:59.000Z

258

A Self-Consistent Approach for Calculating the Effective Hydraulic Conductivity of a Bimodal, Heterogeneous Medium  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In this paper, we consider an approach for estimating the effective hydraulic conductivity of a 3D medium with a binary distribution of local hydraulic conductivities. The medium heterogeneity is represented by a combination of matrix medium conductivity with spatially distributed sets of inclusions. Estimation of effective conductivity is based on a self-consistent approach introduced by Shvidler (1985). The tensor of effective hydraulic conductivity is calculated numerically by using a simple system of equations for the main diagonal elements. Verification of the method is done by comparison with theoretical results for special cases and numerical results of Desbarats (1987) and our own numerical modeling. The method was applied to estimating the effective hydraulic conductivity of a 2D and 3D fractured porous medium. The medium heterogeneity is represented by a combination of matrix conductivity and a spatially distributed set of highly conductive fractures. The tensor of effective hydraulic conductivity is calculated for parallel- and random-oriented sets of fractures. The obtained effective conductivity values coincide with Romm's (1966) and Snow's (1969) theories for infinite fracture length. These values are also physically acceptable for the sparsely-fractured-medium case with low fracture spatial density and finite fracture length. Verification of the effective hydraulic conductivity obtained for a fractured porous medium is done by comparison with our own numerical modeling for a 3D case and with Malkovsky and Pek's (1995) results for a 2D case.

Pozdniakov, Sergey; Tsang, Chin-Fu

2004-01-02T23:59:59.000Z

259

Is the firewall consistent? Gedanken experiments on black hole complementarity and firewall proposal  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In this paper, we discuss the black hole complementarity and the firewall proposal at length. Black hole complementarity is inevitable if we assume the following five things: unitarity, entropy-area formula, existence of an information observer, semi-classical quantum field theory for an asymptotic observer, and the general relativity for an in-falling observer. However, large N rescaling and the AMPS argument show that black hole complementarity is inconsistent. To salvage the basic philosophy of the black hole complementarity, AMPS introduced a firewall around the horizon. According to large N rescaling, the firewall should be located close to the apparent horizon. We investigate the consistency of the firewall with the two critical conditions: the firewall should be near the time-like apparent horizon and it should not affect the future infinity. Concerning this, we have introduced a gravitational collapse with a false vacuum lump which can generate a spacetime structure with disconnected apparent horizons. This reveals a situation that there is a firewall outside of the event horizon, while the apparent horizon is absent. Therefore, the firewall, if it exists, not only does modify the general relativity for an in-falling observer, but also modify the semi-classical quantum field theory for an asymptotic observer.

Hwang, Dong-il; Lee, Bum-Hoon; Yeom, Dong-han, E-mail: dongil.j.hwang@gmail.com, E-mail: bhl@sogang.ac.kr, E-mail: innocent.yeom@gmail.com [Center for Quantum Spacetime, Sogang University, Seoul 121-742 (Korea, Republic of)

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

260

Shedding light on the prompt high efficiency paradox - self consistent modeling of GRB afterglows  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We examine GRBs with both Fermi-LAT and X-ray afterglow data. Assuming that the 100MeV (LAT) emission is radiation from cooled electrons accelerated by external shocks, we show that the kinetic energy of the blast wave estimated from the 100MeV flux is 50 times larger than the one estimated from the X-ray flux. This can be explained if either: i) electrons radiating at X-rays are significantly cooled by SSC (suppressing the synchrotron flux above the cooling frequency) or ii) if the X-ray emitting electrons, unlike those emitting at 100MeV energies, are in the slow cooling regime. In both cases the X-ray flux is no longer an immediate proxy of the blast wave kinetic energy. We model the LAT, X-ray and optical data and show that in general these possibilities are consistent with the data, and explain the apparent disagreement between X-ray and LAT observations. All possible solutions require weak magnetic fields: $10^{-6}energy...

Beniamini, Paz; Duran, Rodolfo Barniol; Piran, Tsvi

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

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261

Consistency of Perfect Fluidity and Jet Quenching in semi-Quark-Gluon Monopole Plasmas  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We utilize a new framework, CUJET3.0, to deduce the energy and temperature dependence of jet transport parameter, $\\hat{q}(E>10\\; {\\rm GeV},T)$, from a combined analysis of available data on nuclear modification factor and azimuthal asymmetries from RHIC/BNL and LHC/CERN on high energy nuclear collisions. Extending a previous perturbative-QCD based jet energy loss model (known as CUJET2.0) with (2+1)D viscous hydrodynamic bulk evolution, this new framework includes three novel features of nonperturbative physics origin: (1) the Polyakov loop suppression of color-electric scattering (aka "semi-QGP" of Pisarski et al) and (2) the enhancement of jet scattering due to emergent magnetic monopoles near $T_c$ (aka "magnetic scenario" of Liao and Shuryak) and (3) thermodynamic properties constrained by lattice QCD data. CUJET3.0 reduces to v2.0 at high temperatures $T > 400$ MeV, but greatly enhances $\\hat{q}$ near the QCD deconfinement transition temperature range. This enhancement accounts well for the observed elliptic harmonics of jets with $p_T>10$ GeV. Extrapolating our data-constrained $\\hat{q}$ down to thermal energy scales, $E \\sim 2$ GeV, we find for the first time a remarkable consistency between high energy jet quenching and bulk perfect fluidity with $\\eta/s\\sim T^3/\\hat{q} \\sim 0.1$ near $T_c$.

Jiechen Xu; Jinfeng Liao; Miklos Gyulassy

2015-03-31T23:59:59.000Z

262

On the consistency of QCBED structure factor measurements for TiO2 (Rutile)  

DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

The same Bragg reflection in TiO2 from twelve different CBED patterns (from different crystals, orientations and thicknesses) are analysed quantitatively in order to evaluate the consistency of the QCBED method for bond-charge mapping. The standard deviation in the resulting distribution of derived X-ray structure factors is found to be an order of magnitude smaller than that in conventional X-ray work , and the standard error (0.026% for FX(110)) is slightly better than obtained by the X-ray Pendellosung method applied to silicon. This is sufficiently accuracy to distinguish between atomic, covalent and ionic models of bonding. We describe the importance of extracting experimental parameters from CCD camera characterization, and of surface oxidation and crystal shape. The current experiments show that the QCBED method is now a robust and powerful tool for low order structure factor measurement, which does not suffer from the large extinction (multiple scattering) errors which occur in inorganic X-ray crystallography, and may be applied to nanocrystals. Our results will be used to understand the role of d electrons in the chemical bonding of TiO2.

Spence, J.C.H [Arizona State University; Friis, J. [Norwegian University of Science and Technology; Zuo, J.M [University of Illinois, Urbana, IL; Jiang, B.

2003-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

263

About consistence between pi N Delta spin-3/2 gauge couplings and electromagnetic gauge invariance  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We analyze the consistence between the recently proposed "spin 3/2 gauge" interaction for the Delta resonance with nucleons and pions, and the fundamental electromagnetic gauge invariance in any radiative amplitude. Chiral symmetric pion-derivative pi N Delta couplings can be substituted through a linear transformation to get Delta-derivative ones, which have the property of decoupling the 1/2 field components of the Delta propagator. Nevertheless, the electromagnetic gauge invariance introduced through minimal substitution in all derivatives, can only be fulfilled at a given order n without destroying the spin 3/2 one by dropping n+1 order terms within an effective field theory (EFT) framework with a defined power counting. In addition, we show that the Ward identity for the gamma Delta gamma vertex cannot be fulfilled with a trimmed 3/2 propagator, which should be necessary in order to keep the spin 3/2 gauge symmetry in the radiative case for the gamma Delta gamma amplitude. Finally, it is shown that radiative corrections of the spin 3/2 gauge strong vertexes at one loop, reintroduce the conventional interaction.

D. Badagnani; C. Barbero; A. Mariano

2015-03-05T23:59:59.000Z

264

SELF-CONSISTENT ION CYCLOTRON ANISOTROPY-BETA RELATION FOR SOLAR WIND PROTONS  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We derive a set of self-consistent marginally stable states for a system of ion-cyclotron waves propagating parallel to the large-scale magnetic field through a homogeneous proton-electron plasma. The proton distributions and the wave dispersions are related through the condition that no further ion-cyclotron resonant particle scattering or wave growth/damping may take place. The thermal anisotropy of the protons in these states therefore defines the threshold value for triggering the proton-cyclotron anisotropy instability. A number of recent papers have noted that the anisotropy of solar wind protons at 1 AU does not seem to be limited by the proton-cyclotron anisotropy threshold, even at low plasma beta. However, this puzzle seems to be due solely to the estimation of this anisotropy threshold under the assumption that the protons have a bi-Maxwellian distribution. We note that bi-Maxwellian distributions are never marginally stable to the resonant cyclotron interaction, so these estimates do not represent physically valid thresholds. The threshold anisotropies obtained from our marginally stable states are much larger, as a function of proton parallel beta, than the bi-Maxwellian estimates, and we show that the measured data remains below these more rigorous thresholds. Thus, the results of this paper resolve the apparent contradiction presented by the solar wind anisotropy observations at 1 AU: the bi-Maxwellian anisotropies are not rigorous thresholds, and so do not limit the proton distributions in the solar wind.

Isenberg, Philip A. [Institute for the Study of Earth, Oceans, and Space, University of New Hampshire, Durham, NH 03824 (United States); Maruca, Bennett A. [Space Sciences Laboratory, University of California, Berkeley, CA 94720 (United States); Kasper, Justin C., E-mail: phil.isenberg@unh.edu, E-mail: bmaruca@ssl.berkeley.edu, E-mail: jkasper@cfa.harvard.edu [Harvard-Smithsonian Center for Astrophysics, Cambridge, MA 02138 (United States)

2013-08-20T23:59:59.000Z

265

Morphology diagrams for A2B copolymer melts: real-space self-consistent field theory  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Morphology diagrams for A2B copolymer melts are constructed using real-space self-consistent field theory (SCFT). In particular, the effect of architectural asymmetry on the morphology diagram is studied. It is shown that asymmetry in the lengths of A arms in the A2B copolymer melts aids in the microphase separation. As a result, the disorder-order transition boundaries for the A2B copolymer melts are shown to shift downward in terms of N, and N being the Flory s chi parameter and the total number of the Kuhn segments,respectively, in comparison with the A2B copolymers containing symmetric A arms. Furthermore, perforated lamellar (PL) and a micelle-like (M) microphase segregated morphologies are found to compete with the classical morphologies namely, lamellar, cylinders, spheres and gyroid. The PL morphology is found to be stable for A2B copolymers containing asymmetric A arms and M is found to be metastable for the parameter range explored in this work.

Kumar, Rajeev [ORNL; Sides, Scott [ORNL; Mays, Jimmy [ORNL; Li, Yige [ORNL; Sumpter, Bobby G [ORNL

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

266

Consistency tests for Planck and WMAP in the low multipole domain  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Recently, full sky maps from Planck have been made publicly available. In this paper, we do consistency tests for the three Planck CMB sky maps. We assume that the difference between two maps represents the contributions from systematics, noise, foregrounds and other sources, and that a precise representation of the Cosmic Microwave Background should be uncorrelated with it. We investigate the cross correlation in pixel space between the difference maps and the various Planck maps and find no significant correlations, in comparison to 10000 random Gaussian simulated maps. Additionally we investigate the difference map between the WMAP ILC 9 year map and the ILC 7 year map. We perform cross correlations between this difference map, and the ILC9 and ILC7, and find significant correlations only for the ILC9, at more than the 99.99% level. Likewise, a comparison between the Planck NILC map and the WMAP ILC9 map, shows a strong correlation for the ILC9 map with the difference map, also at more than the 99.99% level. Thus the ILC9 appears to be more contaminated than the ILC7, which should be taken into consideration when using WMAP maps for cosmological analyses.

Frejsel, A.; Hansen, M.; Liu, H., E-mail: frejsel@nbi.dk, E-mail: kirstejn@nbi.dk, E-mail: liuhao@nbi.dk [Niels Bohr Institute and Discovery Center, Blegdamsvej 17, 2100 Copenhagen (Denmark)

2013-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

267

Consistency of maternal cognitions and principles across the first five months following preterm and term deliveries  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

with prematurity (Anderson & Doyle, 2008). For example, preterm birth occurs more often hers of low socioeconomic status, who are under 15 years of age, or who have had many pregnancies close time (Behrman & Butler, 2006). These demographic factors, without... Likert scale m strongly disagree (0) to strongly agree (3). The CODQ measures parent cognitions about child development, in arent ability to think complexly about children. The CODQ contains two subscales categorical and perspectivist mary scale...

Winstanley, A. V.; Sperotto, R. G.; Putnick, D. L.; Cherian, S.; Bornstein, M. H.; Gattis, M.

2014-10-30T23:59:59.000Z

268

A few-group delayed neutron model based on a consistent set of decay constants  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

As part of an international effort, the Los Alamos National Laboratory has been asked to (1) determine if there is a set of dominant precursors that are common to all fissionable isotopes and all incident neutron energies, (2) expand the existing experimentally-measured few-group models commonly used in the nuclear industry into their 8-group equivalent using a consistent set of decay constants corresponding to these dominant precursors, and (3) formulate new group spectra for the equivalent 8-group model. In response to this request, LANL has calculated the theoretical delayed neutron yield for 14 different isotopes using three different incident neutron spectra (i.e., thermal, fast, and 14.1 MeV) using the current fission-yield and emission probability data found in ENDF-VI. An example of these results is shown in a figure in which the theoretical delayed neutron yields for the 271 precursors produced during thermal fission of {sup 235}U are plotted against the half-lives of the precursors. By comparing the results of all 14 isotopes, a preliminary set of precursors has been identified that are dominant within the various half-life regimes of the delayed neutron precursors. Also plotted on a figure are the group yields of the 8-group equivalent model of Keepin`s 6-group model. And finally, an example of the delayed neutron spectra for group 7 in the 8-group equivalent model is shown. A final report summarizing all results is expected to be released for review by the international steering committee by the summer of 1998.

Campbell, J.M.; Spriggs, G.D.

1998-01-22T23:59:59.000Z

269

The electrorheology of suspensions consisting of Na-Fluorohectorite synthetic clay particles in silicon oil  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Under application of an electric field greater than a triggering electric field $E_c \\sim 0.4$ kV/mm, suspensions obtained by dispersing particles of the synthetic clay fluoro-hectorite in a silicon oil, aggregate into chain- and/or column-like structures parallel to the applied electric field. This micro-structuring results in a transition in the suspensions' rheological behavior, from a Newtonian-like behavior to a shear-thinning rheology with a significant yield stress. This behavior is studied as a function of particle volume fraction and strength of the applied electric field, $E$. The steady shear flow curves are observed to scale onto a master curve with respect to $E$, in a manner similar to what was recently found for suspensions of laponite clay [42]. In the case of Na-fluorohectorite, the corresponding dynamic yield stress is demonstrated to scale with respect to $E$ as a power law with an exponent $\\alpha \\sim 1.93$, while the static yield stress inferred from constant shear stress tests exhibits a similar behavior with $\\alpha \\sim 1.58$. The suspensions are also studied in the framework of thixotropic fluids: the bifurcation in the rheology behavior when letting the system flow and evolve under a constant applied shear stress is characterized, and a bifurcation yield stress, estimated as the applied shear stress at which viscosity bifurcation occurs, is measured to scale as $E^\\alpha$ with $\\alpha \\sim 0.5$ to 0.6. All measured yield stresses increase with the particle fraction $\\Phi$ of the suspension. For the static yield stress, a scaling law $\\Phi^\\beta$, with $\\beta = 0.54$, is found. The results are found to be reasonably consistent with each other. Their similarities with-, and discrepancies to- results obtained on laponite-oil suspensions are discussed.

Y. Mheust; K. P. S. Parmar; B. Schjelderupsen; J. O. Fossum

2010-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

270

Self-consistent modeling of radio-frequency plasma generation in stellarators  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A self-consistent model of radio-frequency (RF) plasma generation in stellarators in the ion cyclotron frequency range is described. The model includes equations for the particle and energy balance and boundary conditions for Maxwells equations. The equation of charged particle balance takes into account the influx of particles due to ionization and their loss via diffusion and convection. The equation of electron energy balance takes into account the RF heating power source, as well as energy losses due to the excitation and electron-impact ionization of gas atoms, energy exchange via Coulomb collisions, and plasma heat conduction. The deposited RF power is calculated by solving the boundary problem for Maxwells equations. When describing the dissipation of the energy of the RF field, collisional absorption and Landau damping are taken into account. At each time step, Maxwells equations are solved for the current profiles of the plasma density and plasma temperature. The calculations are performed for a cylindrical plasma. The plasma is assumed to be axisymmetric and homogeneous along the plasma column. The system of balance equations is solved using the Crank-Nicholson scheme. Maxwells equations are solved in a one-dimensional approximation by using the Fourier transformation along the azimuthal and longitudinal coordinates. Results of simulations of RF plasma generation in the Uragan-2M stellarator by using a frame antenna operating at frequencies lower than the ion cyclotron frequency are presented. The calculations show that the slow wave generated by the antenna is efficiently absorbed at the periphery of the plasma column, due to which only a small fraction of the input power reaches the confinement region. As a result, the temperature on the axis of the plasma column remains low, whereas at the periphery it is substantially higher. This leads to strong absorption of the RF field at the periphery via the Landau mechanism.

Moiseenko, V. E., E-mail: moiseenk@ipp.kharkov.ua; Stadnik, Yu. S., E-mail: stadnikys@kipt.kharkov.ua [National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine, National Science Center Kharkov Institute of Physics and Technology (Ukraine); Lysoivan, A. I., E-mail: a.lyssoivan@fz-juelich.de [Royal Military Academy, EURATOM-Belgian State Association, Laboratory for Plasma Physics (Belgium); Korovin, V. B. [National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine, National Science Center Kharkov Institute of Physics and Technology (Ukraine)] [National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine, National Science Center Kharkov Institute of Physics and Technology (Ukraine)

2013-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

271

A self-consistent global model of solenoidal-type inductively coupled plasma discharges including the effects of radio-frequency bias power  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We developed a self-consistent global simulator of solenoidal-type inductively coupled plasma discharges and observed the effect of the radio-frequency (rf) bias power on the plasma density and the electron temperature. We numerically solved a set of spatially averaged fluid equations for charged particles, neutrals, and radicals. Absorbed power by electrons is determined by using an analytic electron heating model including the anomalous skin effect. To analyze the effects of rf bias power on the plasma properties, our model also combines the electron heating and global transport modules with an rf sheath module in a self-consistent manner. The simulation results are compared with numerical results by using the commercial software package cfd-ace + (ESI group) and experimental measurements by using a wave cutoff probe and a single Langmuir probe.

Kwon, D. C.; Chang, W. S.; Song, M. Y.; Yoon, J.-S. [Convergence Plasma Research Center, National Fusion Research Institute, Daejeon 305-333 (Korea, Republic of); Park, M. [Department of Physics, Korea Advanced Institute of Science and Technology, Daejeon 305-701 (Korea, Republic of); You, D. H. [Kyoungwon Tech, Inc., Seongnam 462-806 (Korea, Republic of); You, S. J. [Center for Vacuum Technology, Korea Research Institute of Standard and Science, Daejeon 305-340 (Korea, Republic of); Im, Y. H. [Division of Chemical Engineering, Chonbuk National University, Jeonju 561-756 (Korea, Republic of)

2011-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

272

A cognitive-consistency based model of population wide attitude change.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Attitudes play a significant role in determining how individuals process information and behave. In this paper we have developed a new computational model of population wide attitude change that captures the social level: how individuals interact and communicate information, and the cognitive level: how attitudes and concept interact with each other. The model captures the cognitive aspect by representing each individuals as a parallel constraint satisfaction network. The dynamics of this model are explored through a simple attitude change experiment where we vary the social network and distribution of attitudes in a population.

Lakkaraju, Kiran; Speed, Ann Elizabeth

2010-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

273

Microscopic and self-consistent description for neutron halo in deformed nuclei  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A deformed relativistic Hartree-Bogoliubov theory in continuum has been developed for the study of neutron halos in deformed nuclei and the halo phenomenon in deformed weakly bound nuclei is investigated. Magnesium and neon isotopes are studied and some results are presented for the deformed neutron-rich and weakly bound nuclei {sup 44}Mg and {sup 36}Ne. The core of the former nucleus is prolate, but the halo has a slightly oblate shape. This indicates a decoupling of the halo orbitals from the deformation of the core. The generic conditions for the existence of halos in deformed nuclei and for the occurrence of this decoupling effect are discussed.

Li Lulu [Institute of Applied Physics and Computational Mathematics, Beijing 100094 (China); Meng Jie [State Key Laboratory of Nuclear Physics and Technology, School of Physics, Peking University, Beijing 100871 (China) and Department of Physics, University of Stellenbosch, Stellenbosch (South Africa); Zhao Enguang; Zhou Shangui [State Key Laboratory of Theoretical Physics, Institute of Theoretical Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100190 (China) and Center of Theoretical Nuclear Physics, National Laboratory of Heavy Ion Accelerator, Lanzhou 730000 (China)

2013-05-06T23:59:59.000Z

274

Program Development  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This presentation covers how to go about developing a human reliability program. In particular, it touches on conceptual thinking, raising awareness in an organization, the actions that go into developing a plan. It emphasizes evaluating all positions, eliminating positions from the pool due to mitigating factors, and keeping the process transparent. It lists components of the process and objectives in process development. It also touches on the role of leadership and the necessity for audit.

Atencio, Julian J.

2014-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

275

ISE System Development Methodology Manual  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Information Systems Engineering (ISE) System Development Methodology Manual (SDM) is a framework of life cycle management guidelines that provide ISE personnel with direction, organization, consistency, and improved communication when developing and maintaining systems. These guide-lines were designed to allow ISE to build and deliver Total Quality products, and to meet the goals and requirements of the US Department of Energy (DOE), Westinghouse Savannah River Company, and Westinghouse Electric Corporation.

Hayhoe, G.F.

1992-02-17T23:59:59.000Z

276

Essays on conflict, cooperation and economic development  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This dissertation consists of three chapters on topics relating to conflict, social cooperation and development economics. Several studies have identified the impact of adverse economic shocks on civil conflict using ...

Ralston, Laura R. (Laura Rosalind)

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

277

Retrofit Audits and Cost Estimates: A Look at Quality and Consistency  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Retrofit NYC Block by Block is an outreach program targeting owners of one- to four-family homes, the most common building type in New York City, with more than 600,000 structures citywide. Administered by the Pratt Center for Community Development and implemented by four nonprofit, community based organizations, Block by Block connects residents, businesses, and religious and civic organizations in predominantly low- and moderate-income neighborhoods with one or more of a half-dozen public and private financial incentive programs that facilitate energy-efficiency retrofits. This research project sought to evaluate the approach, effectiveness, and the energy use reductions accomplished by the Retrofit NYC: Block by Block program.

Eisenberg, L.; Shapiro, C.; Fleischer, W.

2012-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

278

Classical O(N) nonlinear sigma model on the half line: a study on consistent Hamiltonian description  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The problem of consistent Hamiltonian structure for O(N) nonlinear sigma model in the presence of five different types of boundary conditions is considered in detail. For the case of Neumann, Dirichlet and the mixture of these two types of boundaries, the consistent Poisson brackets are constructed explicitly, which may be used, e.g. for the construction of current algebras in the presence of boundary. While for the mixed boundary conditions and the mixture of mixed and Dirichlet boundary conditions, we prove that there is no consistent Poisson brackets, showing that the mixed boundary conditions are incompatible with all nontrivial subgroups of $O((N)$.

He, W; He, Wenli; Zhao, Liu

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

279

Empirical Earth rotation model: a consistent way to evaluate Earth orientation parameters  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

It is customary to perform analysis of the Earth's rotation in two steps: first, to present results of estimation of the Earth orientation parameters in the form of time series based on a simplified model of variations of the Earth's rotation for a short period of time, and then to process this time series of adjustments by applying smoothing, re-sampling and other numerical algorithms. Although this approach saves computational time, it suffers from self-inconsistency: total Earth orientation parameters depend on a subjective choice of the apriori Earth orientation model, cross-correlations between points of time series are lost, and results of an operational analysis per se have a limited use for end users. An alternative approach of direct estimation of the coefficients of expansion of Euler angle perturbations into basis functions is developed. These coefficients describe the Earth's rotation over entire period of observations and are evaluated simultaneously with station positions, source coordinates and other parameters in a single LSQ solution. In the framework of this approach considerably larger errors in apriori EOP model are tolerated. This approach gives a significant conceptual simplification of representation of the Earth's rotation.

L. Petrov

2006-11-26T23:59:59.000Z

280

Determining the dissolution rates of actinide glasses: A time and temperature Product Consistency Test study  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Vitrification has been identified as one potential option for the e materials such as Americium (Am), Curium (Cm), Neptunium (Np), and Plutonium (Pu). A process is being developed at the Savannah River Site to safely vitrify all of the highly radioactive Am/Cm material and a portion of the fissile (Pu) actinide materials stored on site. Vitrification of the Am/Cm will allow the material to be transported and easily stored at the Oak Ridge National Laboratory. The Am/Cm glass has been specifically designed to be (1) highly durable in aqueous environments and (2) selectively attacked by nitric acid to allow recovery of the valuable Am and Cm isotopes. A similar glass composition will allow for safe storage of surplus plutonium. This paper will address the composition, relative durability, and dissolution rate characteristics of the actinide glass, Loeffler Target, that will be used in the Americium/Curium Vitrification Project at Westinghouse Savannah River Company near Aiken, South Carolina. The first part discusses the tests performed on the Loeffler Target Glass concerning instantaneous dissolution rates. The second part presents information concerning pseudo-activation energy for the one week glass dissolution process.

Daniel, W.E.; Best, D.R.

1995-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "development oecd consists" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


281

CO{sub 2} emissions from developing countries: Better understanding the role of Energy in the long term. Volume 2, Argentina, Brazil, Mexico, and Venezuela  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Recent years have witnessed a growing recognition of the link between emissions of carbon dioxide (CO{sub 2}) and changes in the global climate. Of all anthropogenic activities, energy production and use generate the single largest portion of these greenhouse gases. Although developing countries currently account for a small share of global carbon emissions, their contribution is increasing rapidly. Due to the rapid expansion of energy demand in these nations, the developing world`s share in global modern energy use rose from 16 to 27 percent between 1970 and 1990. If the growth rates observed over the past 20 years persist energy demand in developing will surpass that in the countries of the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD) early in the 21st century. The study seeks to examine the forces that galvanize the growth of energy use and carbon emissions, to assess the likely future levels of energy and CO{sub 2} in selected developing nations and to identify opportunities for restraining this growth. The purpose of this report is to provide the quantitative information needed to develop effective policy options, not to identify the options themselves. These individual studies were conducted fro Argentina, Brazil, Mexico and Venezuela in Latin America.

Ketoff, A.; Sathaye, J.; Goldman, N. [eds.

1991-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

282

Size-consistent wave functions for nondynamical correlation energy: The valence active space optimized orbital coupled-cluster  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Size-consistent wave functions for nondynamical correlation energy: The valence active space 6 July 1998; accepted 15 September 1998 The nondynamical correlation energy may be defined correlation energy, as defined above, involves computational complexity that grows exponentially

Krylov, Anna I.

283

On the consistency of magnetic field measurements of Ap stars: lessons learned from the FORS1 archive  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

CONTEXT. The ESO archive of FORS1 spectropolarimetric observations may be used to create a homogeneous database of magnetic field measurements. However, no systematic comparison of FORS field measurements to those obtained with other instruments has been undertaken so far. AIMS. We exploit the FORS archive of circular spectropolarimetric data to examine in a general way how reliable and accurate field detections obtained with FORS are. METHODS. We examine the observations of Ap and Bp stars, on the grounds that almost all of the unambiguous detections of magnetic fields in the FORS1 archive are in these kinds of stars. We assess the overall quality of the FORS1 magnetic data by examining the consistency of field detections with what is known from previous measurements obtained with other instruments, and we look at patterns of internal consistency. RESULTS. FORS1 magnetic measurements are fully consistent with those made with other instruments, and the internal consistency of the data is excellent. However, i...

Landstreet, J D; Fossati, L

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

284

Behavior-Based Transportation Greenhouse Gas Mitigation Under the Clean Development Mechanism Transport-Efficient Development in Nanchang, China  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We propose a methodology, consistent with the Kyoto Protocol?s Clean Development Mechanism (CDM), to quantify the greenhouse gas (GHG) emission reduction benefits of transport efficient development (TED). TED aims to reduce ...

Zegras, P. Christopher

285

Bounds and self-consistent estimates for elastic constants of granular polycrystals composed of orthorhombics or crystal with higher symmetries  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Methods for computing Hashin-Shtrikman bounds and related self-consistent estimates of elastic constants for polycrystals composed of crystals having orthorhombic symmetry have been known for about three decades. However, these methods are underutilized, perhaps because of some perceived difficulties with implementing the necessary computational procedures. Several simplifications of these techniques are introduced, thereby reducing the overall computational burden, as well as the complications inherent in mapping out the Hashin-Shtrikman bounding curves. The self-consistent estimates of the effective elastic constants are very robust, involving a quickly converging iteration procedure. Once these self-consistent values are known, they may then be used to speed up the computations of the Hashin-Shtrikman bounds themselves. It is shown furthermore that the resulting orthorhombic polycrystal code can be used as well to compute both bounds and self-consistent estimates for polycrystals of higher-symmetry tetragonal, hexagonal, and cubic (but not trigonal) materials. The self-consistent results found this way are shown to be the same as those obtained using the earlier methods, specifically those methods designed specially for each individual symmetry type. But the Hashin-Shtrikman bounds found using the orthorhombic code are either the same or (more typically) tighter than those found previously for these special cases (i.e., tetragonal, hexagonal, and cubic). The improvement in the Hashin-Shtrikman bounds is presumably due to the additional degrees of freedom introduced into the available search space.

Berryman, J. G.

2011-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

286

Rural Development Energy Audit & Renewable Energy Development...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Rural Development Energy Audit & Renewable Energy Development Assistance Webinar Rural Development Energy Audit & Renewable Energy Development Assistance Webinar January 21, 2015...

287

Development of a Preliminary Decommissioning Plan Following the International Structure for Decommissioning Costing (ISDC) of Nuclear Installations - 13361  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The International Structure for Decommissioning Costing (ISDC) of Nuclear Installations, published by OECD/NEA, IAEA and EC is intended to provide a uniform list of cost items for decommissioning projects and provides a standard format that permits international cost estimates to be compared. Candesco and DECOM have used the ISDC format along with two costing codes, OMEGA and ISDCEX, developed from the ISDC by DECOM, in three projects: the development of a preliminary decommissioning plan for a multi-unit CANDU nuclear power station, updating the preliminary decommissioning cost estimates for a prototype CANDU nuclear power station and benchmarking the cost estimates for CANDU against the cost estimates for other reactor types. It was found that the ISDC format provides a well defined and transparent basis for decommissioning planning and cost estimating that assists in identifying gaps and weaknesses and facilitates the benchmarking against international experience. The use of the ISDC can also help build stakeholder confidence in the reliability of the plans and estimates and the adequacy of decommissioning funding. (authors)

Moshonas Cole, Katherine; Dinner, Julia; Grey, Mike [Candesco - A Division of Kinectrics Inc, 26 Wellington E 3rd floor, Toronto, Ontario, M5E 1S2 (Canada)] [Candesco - A Division of Kinectrics Inc, 26 Wellington E 3rd floor, Toronto, Ontario, M5E 1S2 (Canada); Daniska, Vladimir [DECOM a.s., Sibirska 1, 917 01 Trnava (Slovakia)] [DECOM a.s., Sibirska 1, 917 01 Trnava (Slovakia)

2013-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

288

Consistent analysis of the $\  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The two long-baseline experiments ICARUS and OPERA have recently provided bounds on light ($\\sim$ eV) sterile neutrinos exploiting the negative results of the $\

Palazzo, Antonio

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

289

Self-consistent  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr MayAtmosphericNuclear Security Administrationcontroller systemsBi (2) SrEvaluating the Seasonalsw

290

LBNL-57600/CBP Note-698 Initial Self-Consistent 3D Electron-Cloud Simulations of the LHC Beam with  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

LBNL-57600/CBP Note-698 Initial Self-Consistent 3D Electron-Cloud Simulations of the LHC Beam with the Code WARP+POSINST J.-L. Vay , M. A. Furman, LBNL, CA, USA R. H. Cohen, A. Friedman, D. P. Grote, LLNL of electrons, especially across lattice elements, Work supported by the U.S. DOE under LLNL and LBNL contracts

Furman, Miguel

291

Landau damping and anomalous skin effect in low-pressure gas discharges: Self-consistent treatment of collisionless heatinga...  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

for calculation of the non-Maxwellian EEDF. This system was applied to the calculation of collisionless heating electric field anomalous skin effect . Also for inhomogeneous electric fields another mechanism of heating density profile and a Maxwellian EEDF. In the present study a self-consistent system of equations

Kaganovich, Igor

292

Charge transfer in photovoltaics consisting of interpenetrating networks of conjugated polymer and TiO2 nanoparticles  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Charge transfer in photovoltaics consisting of interpenetrating networks of conjugated polymer and interpenetrating polymer networks6 can substantially im- prove the photoconductivity, and thus quantum efficiency and layered titanium dioxide (TiO2) nanoparticles on charge transfer processes in conjugated polymer

Carter, Sue

293

Using satellite radar backscatter to predict above-ground woody biomass: A consistent relationship across four different African  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Using satellite radar backscatter to predict above-ground woody biomass: A consistent relationship. [1] Regional-scale above-ground biomass (AGB) estimates of tropical savannas and woodlands are highly and L-band backscatter for lower-biomass tropical woody vegetation. This relationship allows regional

294

Research: A typical thermal barrier coating consists of two layers over the substrate: 1) a ceramic top coat to  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Research: A typical thermal barrier coating consists of two layers over the substrate: 1) a ceramic-level understanding of the metal-ceramic and ceramic-ceramic interfaces present in thermal barrier coatings. We have interfaces weaken as the ceramic thickens. This provides atomic-level insight as to why thermal barrier

Carter, Emily A.

295

MICS 2007 Robot Contest The robot contest will consist of two (two weight classes) sumo-robot tournaments. Each  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

MICS 2007 Robot Contest The robot contest will consist of two (two weight classes) sumo-robot the number of entries). In a sumo-robot match, two autonomously-controlled robots try to push each other outside of a round ring. This may sound destructive, but any harmful behavior by a robot, whether

Hu, Wen-Chen

296

A self-consistent nonlinear force-free solution for a solar active region magnetic M.S. Wheatland  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

fields 1. Introduction Solar coronal magnetic fields provide the source of energy for solar flaresA self-consistent nonlinear force-free solution for a solar active region magnetic field M.S. Wheatland Sydney Institute for Astronomy, School of Physics, University of Sydney, NSW 2006, Australia m

Régnier, Stéphane

297

The Department of Geology at Wayne State University consists of five full-time faculty and five  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The Department of Geology at Wayne State University consists of five full-time faculty and five (Economic Geology). The Geology Department is housed in the historic Old Main Building, and owns depositories for oil and gas well cores in Michigan. 32 Credits (24 course work + 8 thesis credits

VandeVord, Pamela

298

Self-consistent magnetic properties of magnetite tracers optimized for magnetic particle imaging measured by ac susceptometry,  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Self-consistent magnetic properties of magnetite tracers optimized for magnetic particle imaging measured by ac susceptometry, magnetorelaxometry and magnetic particle spectroscopy Frank Ludwig a , Hilke. Krishnan b,n a Institute of Electrical Measurement and Fundamental Electrical Engineering, TU Braunschweig

Krishnan, Kannan M.

299

Allocating city space to multiple transportation modes: A new modeling approach consistent with the physics of transport  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Allocating city space to multiple transportation modes: A new modeling approach consistent with the physics of transport Eric J. Gonzales, Nikolas Geroliminis, Michael J. Cassidy and Carlos F. Daganzo WORKING PAPER UCB-ITS-VWP-2008-1 March 2008 #12;Allocating city space to multiple transportation modes

Kammen, Daniel M.

300

Adaptation of Beef Cattle to Stressful Environments and Integrated Beef Systems for Production of Consistently Distinctive High-quality Beef  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Adaptation of Beef Cattle to Stressful Environments and Integrated Beef Systems for Production. Integrated Beef Systems for the Production of Consistently Distinctive High-quality Beef Evaluation of system of system elements sensitive to product quality (e.g., genetics for adaptation, genetics characterizing

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "development oecd consists" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


301

Abstract--A monolithic integrated chip-scale surface plasmon resonance (SPR) sensor is demonstrated. The device consists of a  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

is demonstrated. The device consists of a pn photodiode covered with a periodic modified thin metal film whose lattice constant is on the order of the wavelength of light. The device performs real-time measurement are influenced by the presence of chemical or biological materials at the device's surface. Index Terms

Baker, R. Jacob

302

Hamiltonian description of self-consistent wave-particle dynamics in a periodic structure Frederic Andre,1,  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of the electron, self-acceleration and acausality, are also incompatible with the existence of a wellHamiltonian description of self-consistent wave-particle dynamics in a periodic structure Fr. The dynamics conserves energy, and excludes self-acceleration. A complete hamiltonian formulation

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

303

INTRODUCTION Portland cement concrete (PCC) is the world's most versatile and utilized construction material. Modern concrete consists of six  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

INTRODUCTION Portland cement concrete (PCC) is the world's most versatile and utilized construction material. Modern concrete consists of six main ingredients: coarse aggregate, sand, portland cement agreement that the use of SCMs has the following effects in concrete: 1. Improved workability and finish

Harms, Kyle E.

304

Computer Graphics International 2004 (CGI), June 16--19, Crete, Greece. IEEE Computer Society Press. Consistent Normal Orientation for Polygonal Meshes  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. Consistent Normal Orientation for Polygonal Meshes Pavel Borodin Gabriel Zachmann Reinhard Klein Institute

Zachmann, Gabriel

305

Nozzle development  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The objective of this program has been the development of experimental techniques and data processing procedures to allow for the characterization of multi-phase fuel nozzles using laboratory tests. Test results were to be used to produce a single value coefficient-of-performance that would predict the performance of the fuel nozzles independent of system application. Several different types of fuel nozzles capable of handling multi-phase fuels have been characterized for: (a) fuel flow rate versus delivery pressure, (b) fuel-air ratio throughout the fuel spray or plume and the effective cone angle of the injector, and (c) fuel drop- or particle-size distribution as a function of fluid properties. Fuel nozzles which have been characterized on both single-phase liquids and multi-phase liquid-solid slurries include a variable-film-thickness nozzle, a commercial coal-water slurry (CWS) nozzle, and four diesel injectors of different geometries (tested on single-phase fluids only). Multi-phase mixtures includes CWS with various coal loadings, surfactant concentrations, and stabilizer concentrations, as well as glass-bead water slurries with stabilizing additives. Single-phase fluids included glycerol-water mixtures to vary the viscosity over a range of 1 to 1500 cP, and alcohol-water mixtures to vary the surface tension from about 22 to 73 dyne/cm. In addition, tests were performed to characterize straight-tube gas-solid nozzles using two differences size distributions of glass beads in air. Standardized procedures have been developed for processing measurements of spray drop-size characteristics and the overall cross-section average drop or particle size. 43 refs., 60 figs., 7 tabs.

Dodge, F.T.; Dodge, L.G.; Johnson, J.E.

1989-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

306

Electricity Network Tariff Architectures: A Comparison of Four OECD Countries  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The study is motivated by the question what is the optimal tariff design? While we do not offer an answer to this question, we use the different designs in four select countries to illuminate the issues involved in ...

Sakhrani, Vivek

2010-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

307

OECD-Fostering Innovation for Green Growth | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Office of InspectorConcentrating Solar Powerstories onFocus AreaDataBusPFAN) |AgnyFostering Innovation for Green Growth

308

CO{sub 2} emissions from developing countries: Better understanding the role of energy in the long term. Volume 4, Ghana, Sierra Leone, Nigeria and the Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC) countries  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Recent years have witnessed a growing recognition of the link between emissions of carbon dioxide (CO{sub 2}) and changes in the global climate. of all anthropogenic activities, energy production and use generate the single largest portion of these greenhouse gases. Although developing countries currently account for a small share of global carbon emissions, their contribution is increasing rapidly. Due to the rapid expansion of energy demand in these nations, the developing world`s share in global modern energy use rose from 16 to 27 percent between 1970 and 1990. If the growth rates observed over the past 20 years persist, energy demand in developing nations will surpass that in the countries of the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD) early in the 21st century. The study seeks to examine the forces that galvanize the growth of energy use and carbon emissions, to assess the likely future levels of energy and CO{sub 2} in selected developing nations and to identify opportunities for restraining this growth. The purpose of this report is to provide the quantitative information needed to develop effective policy options, not to identify the options themselves. A combined study was carried out for the countries of the Gulf Cooperation Council (Bahrain, Kuwait, Oman, Qatar, Saudi Arabia and the United Arab Emirates).

Sathaye, J.; Goldman, N. [eds.

1991-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

309

Interfaces between highly incompatible polymers of different stiffness: Monte Carlo simulations and self-consistent field calculations  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We investigate interfacial properties between two highly incompatible polymers of different stiffness. The extensive Monte Carlo simulations of the binary polymer melt yield detailed interfacial profiles and the interfacial tension via an analysis of capillary fluctuations. We extract an effective Flory-Huggins parameter from the simulations, which is used in self-consistent field calculations. These take due account of the chain architecture via a partial enumeration of the single chain partition function, using chain conformations obtained by Monte Carlo simulations of the pure phases. The agreement between the simulations and self-consistent field calculations is almost quantitative, however we find deviations from the predictions of the Gaussian chain model for high incompatibilities or large stiffness. The interfacial width at very high incompatibilities is smaller than the prediction of the Gaussian chain model, and decreases upon increasing the statistical segment length of the semi-flexible component.

Marcus Mueller; Andreas Werner

1997-09-11T23:59:59.000Z

310

Neutrinoless double {beta}-decay nuclear matrix elements within the SRQRPA with self-consistent short range correlations  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The nuclear matrix elements M{sup 0v} of the neutrinoless double beta decay (0v{beta}{beta}-decay) are systematically evaluated using the self-consistent renormalized quasiparticle random phase approximation (SRQRPA). The residual interaction and the two-nucleon short-range correlations are derived from the charge-dependent Bonn (CD-Bonn) potential. The importance of further progress in the calculation of the 0v{beta}{beta}-decay nuclear matrix elements is stressed.

Benes, Petr [IEAP, Czech Technical University (Czech Republic); Simkovic, Fedor [Department of Nuclear Physics and Biophysics, Comenius University, Mlynska dolina, SK-84248 Bratislava (Slovakia); Bogolyubov Laboratory of Theoretical Physics, JINR, Dubna (Russian Federation)

2009-11-09T23:59:59.000Z

311

Energy Efficiency Indicators Methodology Booklet  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

P. Paris: IEA 2007b. Energy Balances of Non-OECD Countries:EnergyBalance..at a level of an energy balance are necessary to develop

Sathaye, Jayant

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

312

EIA - Annual Energy Outlook 2013 Early Release  

Annual Energy Outlook 2013 [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

OECD Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development CSAPR Cross-State Air Pollution Rule OPEC Organization of the Petroleum Exporting Countries EIA U.S. Energy...

313

Probing neutrino physics with a self-consistent treatment of the weak decoupling, nucleosynthesis, and photon decoupling epochs  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We show that a self-consistent and coupled treatment of the weak decoupling, big bang nucleosynthesis, and photon decoupling epochs can be used to provide new insights and constraints on neutrino sector physics from high-precision measurements of light element abundances and cosmic microwave background observables. Implications of beyond-standard-model physics in cosmology, especially within the neutrino sector, are assessed by comparing predictions against five observables: the baryon energy density, helium abundance, deuterium abundance, effective number of neutrinos, and sum of the light neutrino mass eigenstates. We give examples for constraints on dark radiation, neutrino rest mass, lepton numbers, and scenarios for light and heavy sterile neutrinos.

Grohs, E; Kishimoto, C T; Paris, M W

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

314

Unifying inflation with $\\Lambda$CDM epoch in modified f(R) gravity consistent with Solar System tests  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We suggest two realistic f(R) and one F(G) modified gravities which are consistent with local tests and cosmological bounds. The typical property of such theories is the presence of the effective cosmological constant epochs in such a way that early-time inflation and late-time cosmic acceleration are naturally unified within single model. It is shown that classical instability does not appear here and Newton law is respected. Some discussion of possible anti-gravity regime appearence and related modification of the theory is done.

Nojiri, Shin'ichi

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

315

Program development fund: FY 1987  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

It is the objective of the Fund to encourage innovative research to maintain the Laboratory's position at the forefront of science. Funds are used to explore new ideas and concepts that may potentially develop into new directions of research for the Laboratory and that are consistent with the major needs, overall goals, and mission of the Laboratory and the DOE. The types of projects eligible for support from PDF include: work in forefront areas of science and technology for the primary purpose of enriching Laboratory research and development capabilities; advanced study of new hypotheses, new experimental concepts, or innovative approaches to energy problems; experiments directed toward ''proof of principle'' or early determination of the utility of a new concept; and conception, design analyses, and development of experimental devices, instruments, or components. This report is a review of these research programs.

Not Available

1989-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

316

Implicit and explicit schemes for mass consistency preservation in hybrid particle/finite-volume algorithms for turbulent reactive flows  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This work addresses the issue of particle mass consistency in Large Eddy Simulation/Probability Density Function (LES/PDF) methods for turbulent reactive flows. Numerical schemes for the implicit and explicit enforcement of particle mass consistency (PMC) are introduced, and their performance is examined in a representative LES/PDF application, namely the SandiaSydney Bluff-Body flame HM1. A new combination of interpolation schemes for velocity and scalar fields is found to better satisfy PMC than multilinear and fourth-order Lagrangian interpolation. A second-order accurate time-stepping scheme for stochastic differential equations (SDE) is found to improve PMC relative to Euler time stepping, which is the first time that a second-order scheme is found to be beneficial, when compared to a first-order scheme, in an LES/PDF application. An explicit corrective velocity scheme for PMC enforcement is introduced, and its parameters optimized to enforce a specified PMC criterion with minimal corrective velocity magnitudes.

Popov, Pavel P., E-mail: ppopov@uci.edu; Pope, Stephen B.

2014-01-15T23:59:59.000Z

317

Consistent perturbative treatment of the subohmic spin-boson model yielding arbitrarily small $T_2/T_1$ decoherence time ratios  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We present a perturbative treatment of the subohmic spin-boson model which remedies a crucial flaw in previous treatments. The problem is traced back to the incorrect application of a Markov type approximation to specific terms in the temporal evolution of the reduced density matrix. The modified solution is consistent both with numerical simulations and the exact solution obtained when the bath-coupling spin-space direction is parallel to the qubit energy-basis spin. We therefore demonstrate that %in distinction to previous findings the subohmic spin-boson model is capable of %consistently describing arbitrarily small %(less than two) ratios of the $T_2$ and $T_1$ decoherence times, associated to the decay of the off-diagonal and diagonal reduced density-matrix elements, respectively. An analytical formula for $T_2/T_1$ at the absolute zero of temperature is provided in the limit of a subohmic bath with vanishing spectral power law exponent. Small ratios closely mimic the experimental results for solid state (flux) qubits, which are subject predominantly to low-frequency electromagnetic noise, and we suggest a reanalysis of the corresponding experimental data in terms of a $nonanalytic$ decay of off-diagonal coherence.

Kyung-Joo Noh; Uwe R. Fischer

2014-12-09T23:59:59.000Z

318

Communication: The description of strong correlation within self-consistent Green's function second-order perturbation theory  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We report an implementation of self-consistent Green's function many-body theory within a second-order approximation (GF2) for application with molecular systems. This is done by iterative solution of the Dyson equation expressed in matrix form in an atomic orbital basis, where the Green's function and self-energy are built on the imaginary frequency and imaginary time domain, respectively, and fast Fourier transform is used to efficiently transform these quantities as needed. We apply this method to several archetypical examples of strong correlation, such as a H{sub 32} finite lattice that displays a highly multireference electronic ground state even at equilibrium lattice spacing. In all cases, GF2 gives a physically meaningful description of the metal to insulator transition in these systems, without resorting to spin-symmetry breaking. Our results show that self-consistent Green's function many-body theory offers a viable route to describing strong correlations while remaining within a computationally tractable single-particle formalism.

Phillips, Jordan J., E-mail: philljj@umich.edu; Zgid, Dominika [Department of Chemistry, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Michigan 48109 (United States)

2014-06-28T23:59:59.000Z

319

Developement of a digitally controlled low power single phase inverter for grid connected solar panel.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

?? The work consists in developing a power conversion unit for solar panel connected to the grid. This unit will be a single phase inverter (more)

Marguet, Raphael

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

320

Essays on banking and corporate finance in developing countries  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This dissertation consists of three essays that examine banking and corporate finance in developing countries. Specifically, it explores the theoretical and empirical implications of open capital markets, foreign bank ...

Gormley, Todd A

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "development oecd consists" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


321

U.S. Offshore Wind Manufacturing and Supply Chain Development  

Office of Environmental Management (EM)

transferability for entrants inexperienced with other offshore markets (e.g., oil and gas) poses risk to investment should consistent demand fail to develop. (1) See Table 2-3...

322

Extended Lagrangian Born-Oppenheimer molecular dynamics in the limit of vanishing self-consistent field optimization  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We present an efficient general approach to first principles molecular dynamics simulations based on extended Lagrangian Born-Oppenheimer molecular dynamics [A. M. N. Niklasson, Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 123004 (2008)] in the limit of vanishing self-consistent field optimization. The reduction of the optimization requirement reduces the computational cost to a minimum, but without causing any significant loss of accuracy or long-term energy drift. The optimization-free first principles molecular dynamics requires only one single diagonalization per time step, but is still able to provide trajectories at the same level of accuracy as exact, fully converged, Born-Oppenheimer molecular dynamics simulations. The optimization-free limit of extended Lagrangian Born-Oppenheimer molecular dynamics therefore represents an ideal starting point for robust and efficient first principles quantum mechanical molecular dynamics simulations.

Souvatzis, Petros, E-mail: petros.souvatsiz@fysik.uu.se [Department of Physics and Astronomy, Division of Materials Theory, Uppsala University, Box 516, SE-75120, Uppsala (Sweden)] [Department of Physics and Astronomy, Division of Materials Theory, Uppsala University, Box 516, SE-75120, Uppsala (Sweden); Niklasson, Anders M. N., E-mail: amn@lanl.gov [Theoretical Division, Los Alamos National Laboratory, Los Alamos, New Mexico 87545 (United States)] [Theoretical Division, Los Alamos National Laboratory, Los Alamos, New Mexico 87545 (United States)

2013-12-07T23:59:59.000Z

323

A self-consistent regime of generation of terahertz radiation by an optical pulse with a tilted intensity front  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We derived a self-consistent system of nonlinear wave equations describing the terahertz generation in dielectric uniaxial crystals by optical pulsed radiation with a tilted wavefront. The numerical analysis of the system of equations showed that the generation of a broadband one-period terahertz signal is accompanied by a red shift of the carrier frequency of the optical pulse, the magnitude of the shift being proportional to the pulse intensity. The generation efficiency with respect to energy reached a maximum at a certain distance of propagation in the crystal, after which the efficiency decreased. A satisfactory agreement was obtained between theoretical calculations and experimental data of other investigations. (generation of terahertz radiation)

Bugai, A N; Sazonov, S V; Shashkov, Andrei Yu

2012-11-30T23:59:59.000Z

324

VAP Development: Initiation, Development, Evaluation, and Release  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This white paper provides a plan to formalize the evaluation of newly developed VAPs and a framework for the development of value-added products through four different stages: Initiation, Development, Evaluation, and Release.

Jensen, M; Collis, Fast, J; Flynn, C; Mather, J; McFarlane, S; Monroe, J; Sivaraman, C; Xie, S

2011-02-23T23:59:59.000Z

325

Electrodynamics of Magnetars IV: Self-Consistent Model of the Inner Accelerator, with Implications for Pulsed Radio Emission  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We consider the voltage structure in the open-field circuit and outer magnetosphere of a magnetar. The standard polar-cap model for radio pulsars is modified significantly when the polar magnetic field exceeds 1.8x10^{14} G. Pairs are created by accelerated particles via resonant scattering of thermal X-rays, followed by the nearly instantaneous conversion of the scattered photon to a pair. A surface gap is then efficiently screened by e+- creation, which regulates the voltage in the inner part of the circuit to ~10^9 V. We also examine the electrostatic gap structure that can form when the magnetic field is somewhat weaker, and deduce a voltage 10-30 times larger over a range of surface temperatures. We examine carefully how the flow of charge back to the star above the gap depends on the magnitude of the current that is extracted from the surface of the star, on the curvature of the magnetic field lines, and on resonant drag. The rates of different channels of pair creation are determined self-consistently, including the non-resonant scattering of X-rays, and collisions between gamma rays and X-rays. We find that the electrostatic gap solution has too small a voltage to sustain the observed pulsed radio output of magnetars unless i) the magnetic axis is nearly aligned with the rotation axis and the light of sight; or ii) the gap is present on the closed as well as the open magnetic field lines. Several properties of the radio magnetars -- their rapid variability, broad pulses, and unusually hard radio spectra -- are consistent with a third possibility, that the current in the outer magnetosphere is strongly variable, and a very high rate of pair creation is sustained by a turbulent cascade.

Christopher Thompson

2008-02-19T23:59:59.000Z

326

A SELF-CONSISTENT MODEL OF THE CIRCUMSTELLAR DEBRIS CREATED BY A GIANT HYPERVELOCITY IMPACT IN THE HD 172555 SYSTEM  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Spectral modeling of the large infrared excess in the Spitzer IRS spectra of HD 172555 suggests that there is more than 10{sup 19} kg of submicron dust in the system. Using physical arguments and constraints from observations, we rule out the possibility of the infrared excess being created by a magma ocean planet or a circumplanetary disk or torus. We show that the infrared excess is consistent with a circumstellar debris disk or torus, located at {approx}6 AU, that was created by a planetary scale hypervelocity impact. We find that radiation pressure should remove submicron dust from the debris disk in less than one year. However, the system's mid-infrared photometric flux, dominated by submicron grains, has been stable within 4% over the last 27 years, from the Infrared Astronomical Satellite (1983) to WISE (2010). Our new spectral modeling work and calculations of the radiation pressure on fine dust in HD 172555 provide a self-consistent explanation for this apparent contradiction. We also explore the unconfirmed claim that {approx}10{sup 47} molecules of SiO vapor are needed to explain an emission feature at {approx}8 {mu}m in the Spitzer IRS spectrum of HD 172555. We find that unless there are {approx}10{sup 48} atoms or 0.05 M{sub Circled-Plus} of atomic Si and O vapor in the system, SiO vapor should be destroyed by photo-dissociation in less than 0.2 years. We argue that a second plausible explanation for the {approx}8 {mu}m feature can be emission from solid SiO, which naturally occurs in submicron silicate ''smokes'' created by quickly condensing vaporized silicate.

Johnson, B. C.; Melosh, H. J. [Department of Physics, Purdue University, 525 Northwestern Avenue, West Lafayette, IN 47907 (United States); Lisse, C. M. [JHU-APL, 11100 Johns Hopkins Road, Laurel, MD 20723 (United States); Chen, C. H. [STScI, 3700 San Martin Drive, Baltimore, MD 21218 (United States); Wyatt, M. C. [Institute of Astronomy, University of Cambridge, Madingley Road, Cambridge CB3 0HA (United Kingdom); Thebault, P. [LESIA, Observatoire de Paris, F-92195 Meudon Principal Cedex (France); Henning, W. G. [NASA Goddard Space Flight Center, 8800 Greenbelt Road, Greenbelt, MD 20771 (United States); Gaidos, E. [Department of Geology and Geophysics, University of Hawaii at Manoa, Honolulu, HI 96822 (United States); Elkins-Tanton, L. T. [Department of Terrestrial Magnetism, Carnegie Institution for Science, Washington, DC 20015 (United States); Bridges, J. C. [Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of Leicester, Leicester LE1 7RH (United Kingdom); Morlok, A., E-mail: johns477@purdue.edu [Department of Physical Sciences, Open University, Walton Hall, Milton Keynes MK7 6AA (United Kingdom)

2012-12-10T23:59:59.000Z

327

The distribution of the major economies effort in the Durban platform scenarios  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The feasibility of achieving climate stabilization consistent with the objective of 2C is heavily influenced by how the effort in terms of mitigation and economic resources will be distributed among the major economies. This paper provides a multi-model quantifications of the mitigation commitment in ten major regions of the world for a diversity of allocation schemes. Our results indicate that a stylized policy with uniform carbon pricing and no transfer payments would yield an uneven distribution of policy costs, which would be lower, higher and significantly higher than the average for the OECD, developing economies and energy exporters respectively. We show that resource sharing burden sharing schemes would not resolve the issue of cost distribution. An effort sharing scheme which equalizes policy costs would yield an allocation of allowances in line with the aspirational targets of the OECD countries, and which would peak before 2030 for China. In all cases, a large international carbon market would emerge.

Tavoni, Massimo; Kriegler, Elmar; Aboumahboub, Tino; Calvin, Katherine V.; DeMaere, Gauthier; Wise, Marshall A.; Klein, David; Jewell, Jessica; Kober, Tom; Lucas, Paul; Luderer, Gunnar; McCollum, David; Marangoni, Giacomo; Riahi, Keywan; Van Vuuren, Detlef

2013-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

328

Self-consistent electro-thermal simulation of AIGaN/GaN HEMTs for reliability prediction  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

n this paper, we have developed the first fully-coupled electro-thermo-mechanical simulation of AIGaN/GaN HEMTs to study the reliability of these devices as a function of bias voltage and operating temperature. In addition, ...

Gao, Feng, Ph. D. Massachusetts Institute of Technology

329

Supply chain networks, consisting of manufacturers, distributors, retailers, and consumers, provide the critical infrastructure for the production of goods,  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

developed in Part I to energy supply chains in the form of electric power generation and distri- bution not only in terms of the product flows but also in terms of pricing in order to satisfy the consumers competition as well as cooperation and yield the resulting product and ma- terial flows and prices

Nagurney, Anna

330

Sorghum Growth and Development  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Sorghum is well adapted to Texas, and its ability to yield consistently makes it popular with growers. This publication discusses sorghum plant biology and growth....

Gerik, Tom; Bean, Brent W.; Vanderlip, Richard

2003-08-07T23:59:59.000Z

331

Long-range spin-orbit potential, Gromes's consistency condition, Richardson's potential, and properties of heavy quarkonium systems  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The energies, fine-structure splittings, leptonic widths, and dipole electromagnetic transition rates are calculated for the {Upsilon} and charmonium systems using a potential model based on Richardson's interpolating form for the running coupling constant. Using the definitions of the spin-dependent potentials of Eichten and Feinberg and arguments based on lattice gauge calculations, we have determined the long-range spin-orbit potential from Gromes's consistency condition. It is also shown that the sign difference between the long-range spin-orbit potential and the perturbative spin-orbit potential is important in explaining the measured values of the fine-structure ratio in both the {Upsilon} and charmonium {ital P} states. The question of whether the parameter {Lambda} of Richardson's potential is supposed to play the role of the universal QCD scale is addressed. It is argued that the agreement of the {Upsilon} and charmonium leptonic widths with experiment is convincing support for Richardson's form for the running coupling constant since these numbers reflect directly the values of the various {ital S}-state wave functions at the origin. Certain problems with the magnitudes of the hyperfine splittings and dipole transition rates of charmonium are discussed.

Fulcher, L.P. (Department of Physics and Astronomy, Bowling Green State University, Bowling Green, OH (USA))

1990-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

332

Self-consistent QM/MM methodologies for structural refinement of photosystem II and other macromolecules of biological interest  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The combination of quantum mechanics and molecular mechanics (QM/MM) is one of the most promising approaches to study the structure, function, and properties of proteins and nucleic acids. However, there some instances in which the limitations of either the MM (lack of a proper electronic description) or QM (limited to a few number of atoms) methods prevent a proper description of the system. To address this issue, we review here our approach to fine-tune the structure of biological systems using post-QM/MM refinements. These protocols are based on spectroscopy data, and/or partitioning of the system to extend the QM description to a larger region of a protein. We illustrate these methodologies through applications to several biomolecules, which were pre-optimized at the QM/MM level and then further refined using postQM/MM refinement methodologies: mod(QM/MM), which refines the atomic charges of the residues included in the MM region accounting for polarization effects; mod(QM/MM)-opt that partition the MM region in smaller parts and optimizes each part in an iterative. self-consistent way, and the Polarized-Extended X-Ray Absorption Fine Structure (P-EXAFS) fitting procedure, which fine-tune the atomic coordinates to reproduce experimental polarized EXAFS spectra. The first two techniques were applied to the guanine quadruplex. while the P-EXAFS refinement was applied to the oxygen evolving complex of photosystem II.

Batista, Enrique R [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Sproviero, Eduardo M [YALE UNIV; Newcomer, Michael [YALE UNIV; Gascon, Jose A [YALE UNIV; Batista, Victor S [YALE UNIV

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

333

Time-dependent restricted-active-space self-consistent-field singles method for many-electron dynamics  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The time-dependent restricted-active-space self-consistent-field singles (TD-RASSCF-S) method is presented for investigating TD many-electron dynamics in atoms and molecules. Adopting the SCF notion from the muticonfigurational TD Hartree-Fock (MCTDHF) method and the RAS scheme (single-orbital excitation concept) from the TD configuration-interaction singles (TDCIS) method, the TD-RASSCF-S method can be regarded as a hybrid of them. We prove that, for closed-shell $N_{\\rm e}$-electron systems, the TD-RASSCF-S wave function can be fully converged using only $N_{\\rm e}/2+1\\le M\\le N_{\\rm e}$ spatial orbitals. Importantly, based on the TD variational principle, the converged TD-RASSCF-S wave function with $M= N_{\\rm e}$ is more accurate than the TDCIS wave function. The accuracy of the TD-RASSCF-S approach over the TDCIS is illustrated by the calculation of high-order harmonic generation spectra for one-dimensional models of atomic helium, beryllium, and carbon in an intense laser pulse. The electronic dynamics during the process is investigated by analyzing the behavior of electron density and orbitals. The TD-RASSCF-S method is accurate, numerically tractable, and applicable for large systems beyond the capability of the MCTDHF method.

Haruhide Miyagi; Lars Bojer Madsen

2014-05-21T23:59:59.000Z

334

VERIFYING ASTEROSEISMICALLY DETERMINED PARAMETERS OF KEPLER STARS USING HIPPARCOS PARALLAXES: SELF-CONSISTENT STELLAR PROPERTIES AND DISTANCES  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Accurately determining the properties of stars is of prime importance for characterizing stellar populations in our Galaxy. The field of asteroseismology has been thought to be particularly successful in such an endeavor for stars in different evolutionary stages. However, to fully exploit its potential, robust methods for estimating stellar parameters are required and independent verification of the results is mandatory. With this purpose, we present a new technique to obtain stellar properties by coupling asteroseismic analysis with the InfraRed Flux Method. By using two global seismic observables and multi-band photometry, the technique allows us to obtain masses, radii, effective temperatures, bolometric fluxes, and hence distances for field stars in a self-consistent manner. We apply our method to 22 solar-like oscillators in the Kepler short-cadence sample, that have accurate Hipparcos parallaxes. Our distance determinations agree to better than 5%, while measurements of spectroscopic effective temperatures and interferometric radii also validate our results. We briefly discuss the potential of our technique for stellar population analysis and models of Galactic Chemical Evolution.

Silva Aguirre, V.; Chaplin, W. J.; Bedding, T. R.; Christensen-Dalsgaard, J.; Kjeldsen, H. [Stellar Astrophysics Centre, Department of Physics and Astronomy, Aarhus University, Ny Munkegade 120, DK-8000 Aarhus C (Denmark); Casagrande, L. [Research School of Astronomy and Astrophysics, Mount Stromlo Observatory, The Australian National University, ACT 2611 (Australia); Basu, S. [Department of Astronomy, Yale University, P.O. Box 208101, New Haven, CT 06520-8101 (United States); Campante, T. L.; Monteiro, M. J. P. F. G. [Centro de Astrofisica and Faculdade de Ciencias, Universidade do Porto, Rua das Estrelas, 4150-762 Porto (Portugal); Huber, D. [NASA Ames Research Center, Moffett Field, CA 94035 (United States); Miglio, A.; Elsworth, Y.; Hekker, S. [School of Physics and Astronomy, University of Birmingham, Birmingham B15 2TT (United Kingdom); Serenelli, A. M.; Garcia, R. A.; Mathur, S. [Kavli Institute for Theoretical Physics, Santa Barbara, CA 93106 (United States); Ballot, J. [CNRS, Institut de Recherche en Astrophysique et Planetologie, 14 avenue Edouard Belin, F-31400 Toulouse (France); Creevey, O. L. [Laboratoire Lagrange, UMR 7293, Universite de Nice Sophia-Antipolis, CNRS, Observatoire de la Cote dAzur, F-06304 Nice Cedex 4 (France); Gilliland, R. L. [Center for Exoplanets and Habitable Worlds, The Pennsylvania State University, University Park, PA (United States); Metcalfe, T. S. [Space Science Institute, Boulder, CO 80301 (United States); and others

2012-09-20T23:59:59.000Z

335

Time-dependent restricted-active-space self-consistent-field singles method for many-electron dynamics  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The time-dependent restricted-active-space self-consistent-field singles (TD-RASSCF-S) method is presented for investigating TD many-electron dynamics in atoms and molecules. Adopting the SCF notion from the muticonfigurational TD Hartree-Fock (MCTDHF) method and the RAS scheme (single-orbital excitation concept) from the TD configuration-interaction singles (TDCIS) method, the TD-RASSCF-S method can be regarded as a hybrid of them. We prove that, for closed-shell N{sub e}-electron systems, the TD-RASSCF-S wave function can be fully converged using only N{sub e}/2 + 1 ? M ? N{sub e} spatial orbitals. Importantly, based on the TD variational principle, the converged TD-RASSCF-S wave function with M = N{sub e} is more accurate than the TDCIS wave function. The accuracy of the TD-RASSCF-S approach over the TDCIS is illustrated by the calculation of high-order harmonic generation spectra for one-dimensional models of atomic helium, beryllium, and carbon in an intense laser pulse. The electronic dynamics during the process is investigated by analyzing the behavior of electron density and orbitals. The TD-RASSCF-S method is accurate, numerically tractable, and applicable for large systems beyond the capability of the MCTDHF method.

Miyagi, Haruhide; Bojer Madsen, Lars [Department of Physics and Astronomy, Aarhus University, 8000 Aarhus C (Denmark)] [Department of Physics and Astronomy, Aarhus University, 8000 Aarhus C (Denmark)

2014-04-28T23:59:59.000Z

336

Signature of a non-harmonic potential as revealed from a consistent shape and fluctuation analysis of an adherent membrane  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The interaction of fluid membranes with a scaffold, which can be a planar surface or a more complex structure, is intrinsic to a number of systems - from artificial supported bilayers and vesicles to cellular membranes. In principle, these interactions can be either discrete and protein mediated, or continuous. In the latter case, they emerge from ubiquitous intrinsic surface interaction potentials as well as nature-designed steric contributions of the fluctuating membrane or from the polymers of the glycocalyx. Despite the fact that these nonspecific potentials are omnipresent, their description has been a major challenge from experimental and theoretical points of view. Here we show that a full understanding of the implications of the continuous interactions can be achieved only by expanding the standard superposition models commonly used to treat these types of systems, beyond the usual harmonic level of description. Supported by this expanded theoretical framework, we present three independent, yet mutually consistent, experimental approaches to measure the interaction potential strength and the membrane tension. Upon explicitly taking into account the nature of shot noise as well as of finite experimental resolution, excellent agreement with the augmented theory is obtained, which finally provides a coherent view of the behavior of the membrane in a vicinity of a scaffold.

Daniel Schmidt; Cornelia Monzel; Timo Bihr; Rudolf Merkel; Udo Seifert; Kheya Sengupta; Ana-Sun?ana Smith

2014-03-28T23:59:59.000Z

337

The gender gap on concept inventories in physics: what is consistent, what is inconsistent, and what factors influence the gap?  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We review the literature on the gender gap on concept inventories in physics. Across studies, men consistently score higher on pre-tests of the Force Concept Inventory (FCI) and Force and Motion Conceptual Evaluation (FMCE) by about 10%, and in most cases score higher on post-tests as well, also by about 10%. The average difference in normalized gain is about 6%. This difference is much smaller than the average difference in normalized gain between traditional lecture and interactive engagement (25%), but is large enough that it could impact the results of studies comparing the effectiveness of different teaching methods. Based on our analysis of 24 published articles comparing the impact of 34 factors that could potentially influence the gender gap, no single factor is sufficient to explain the gap. Several high-profile studies that have claimed to account for or reduce the gender gap have failed to be replicated, suggesting that isolated claims of explanations of the gender gap should be interpreted with ca...

Madsen, Adrian; Sayre, Eleanor C

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

338

Self-consistent fluid modeling and simulation on a pulsed microwave atmospheric-pressure argon plasma jet  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In present study, a pulsed lower-power microwave-driven atmospheric-pressure argon plasma jet has been introduced with the type of coaxial transmission line resonator. The plasma jet plume is with room air temperature, even can be directly touched by human body without any hot harm. In order to study ionization process of the proposed plasma jet, a self-consistent hybrid fluid model is constructed in which Maxwell's equations are solved numerically by finite-difference time-domain method and a fluid model is used to study the characteristics of argon plasma evolution. With a Guass type input power function, the spatio-temporal distributions of the electron density, the electron temperature, the electric field, and the absorbed power density have been simulated, respectively. The simulation results suggest that the peak values of the electron temperature and the electric field are synchronous with the input pulsed microwave power but the maximum quantities of the electron density and the absorbed power density are lagged to the microwave power excitation. In addition, the pulsed plasma jet excited by the local enhanced electric field of surface plasmon polaritons should be the discharge mechanism of the proposed plasma jet.

Chen, Zhaoquan, E-mail: zqchen@aust.edu.cn [Faculty of Physics, St. Petersburg State University, St. Petersburg 198504 (Russian Federation); College of Electrical and Information Engineering, Anhui University of Science and Technology, Huainan, Anhui 232001 (China); Yin, Zhixiang, E-mail: zxyin66@163.com; Chen, Minggong; Hong, Lingli; Hu, Yelin; Huang, Yourui [College of Electrical and Information Engineering, Anhui University of Science and Technology, Huainan, Anhui 232001 (China); Xia, Guangqing; Liu, Minghai [State Key Laboratory of Advanced Electromagnetic Engineering and Technology, Huazhong University of Science and Technology, Wuhan, Hubei 430074 (China); Kudryavtsev, A. A. [Faculty of Physics, St. Petersburg State University, St. Petersburg 198504 (Russian Federation)

2014-10-21T23:59:59.000Z

339

Quark propagator in the Nambu-Jona-Lasinio model in a self-consistent 1/N{sub c} expansion  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The quark propagator is calculated in the Nambu-Jona-Lasinio model in a self-consistent 1/N{sub c}-expansion at next-to-leading order. The calculations are carried out iteratively in Euclidean space. The chiral quark condensate and its dependence on temperature and chemical potential is calculated directly and compared with the mean-field results. In the chiral limit, we find a second-order phase transition at finite temperature and zero chemical potential, in agreement with universality arguments. At zero temperature and finite chemical potential, the phase transition is first order. In comparison with the mean-field results, the critical temperature and chemical potential are slightly reduced. We determine spectral functions from the Euclidean propagators by employing the maximum-entropy method. Thereby quark and meson masses are estimated and decay channels identified. For testing this method, we also apply it to evaluate perturbative spectral functions, which can be calculated directly in Minkowski space. In most cases we find that the maximum-entropy method is able to reproduce the rough features of the spectral functions, but not the details.

Mueller, D.; Buballa, M.; Wambach, J. [Institut fuer Kernphysik, Technische Universitaet Darmstadt (Germany)

2010-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

340

Self-consistent Determination of Temperature and Fluctuation Thermometer in Heavy-ion Reactions near the Fermi Energies  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The density and temperature of a fragmenting system in a multifragmentation process are evaluated in a self-consistent manner using ratios between the ratio of the symmetry energy coefficient relative to the temperature, a_{sym}/T, extracted from the fragment yields generated by antisymmetrized molecular dynamics (AMD) simulations for central collisions of ^{40}Ca + ^{40}Ca at 35 MeV/nucleon. The a_{sym}/T values are extracted from all isotope yields by an improved method based on the Modified Fisher Model (MFM). The ratios of a_{sym}/T obtained, using interactions with different density dependencies of the symmetry energy term, reflect the ratios of the symmetry energy at the density of fragment formation. Using this correlation, the density is found to be \\rho/\\rho_0 = 0.66 \\pm 0.02. The symmetry energy values for each interaction are determined at this density. With these values, temperature values are extracted as a function of isotope mass A. The extracted temperature values are compared with those evalu...

Liu, X; Wada, R; Huang, M; Chen, Z; Xiao, G Q; Zhang, S; Jin, X; Liu, J; Shi, F; Ren, P; Zheng, H; Natowitz, J B; Bonasera, A

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "development oecd consists" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


341

Psychology of Sustainable Development  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

to achieve sustainable development: economic, environmental,out historical aspects of sustainable development and itsPsychology of Sustainable Development By Peter Schmuck and

Milfont, Taciano Lemos

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

342

Ecosystems and Sustainable Development  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Review: Ecosystems and Sustainable Development Editors: J.L.Ecosystems and Sustainable Development. Southhampton, UK:as well. Ecosystems and Sustainable Development is a strong

Tufford, Dan

1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

343

Ecosystems and Sustainable Development  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Ecosystems and Sustainable Development Editors: J.L. Uso,Ecosystems and Sustainable Development. Southhampton, UK:ISBN: 1-85312-502-4. Sustainable development research is a

Tufford, Dan

1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

344

Psychology of Sustainable Development  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

to achieve sustainable development: economic, environmental,Psychology of Sustainable Development By Peter Schmuck andPsychology of Sustainable Development. Norwell, MA: Kluwer

Milfont, Taciano Lemos

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

345

International petroleum statistics report, October 1997  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The International Petroleum Statistics Report presents data on international oil production, demand, imports, and stocks. The report has four sections. Section 1 contains time series data on world oil production, and on oil demand and stocks in the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD). This section contains annual data intervals for the most recent two years. Section 3 presents data on oil imports by OECD countries. This section contains annual data for the most recent year, quarterly data for the most recent two quarters, and monthly data for the most recent twelve months. Section 4 presents annual time series data on world oil production and oil stocks, demand, and trade in OECD countries. World oil production and OECD demand data are for the years 1970 through 1996; OECD stocks from 1973 through 1996; and OECD trade from 1986 through 1996. 4 figs., 48 tabs.

NONE

1997-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

346

RSMASS system model development  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

RSMASS system mass models have been used for more than a decade to make rapid estimates of space reactor power system masses. This paper reviews the evolution of the RSMASS models and summarizes present capabilities. RSMASS has evolved from a simple model used to make rough estimates of space reactor and shield masses to a versatile space reactor power system model. RSMASS uses unique reactor and shield models that permit rapid mass optimization calculations for a variety of space reactor power and propulsion systems. The RSMASS-D upgrade of the original model includes algorithms for the balance of the power system, a number of reactor and shield modeling improvements, and an automatic mass optimization scheme. The RSMASS-D suite of codes cover a very broad range of reactor and power conversion system options as well as propulsion and bimodal reactor systems. Reactor choices include in-core and ex-core thermionic reactors, liquid metal cooled reactors, particle bed reactors, and prismatic configuration reactors. Power conversion options include thermoelectric, thermionic, Stirling, Brayton, and Rankine approaches. Program output includes all major component masses and dimensions, efficiencies, and a description of the design parameters for a mass optimized system. In the past, RSMASS has been used as an aid to identify and select promising concepts for space power applications. The RSMASS modeling approach has been demonstrated to be a valuable tool for guiding optimization of the power system design; consequently, the model is useful during system design and development as well as during the selection process. An improved in-core thermionic reactor system model RSMASS-T is now under development. The current development of the RSMASS-T code represents the next evolutionary stage of the RSMASS models. RSMASS-T includes many modeling improvements and is planned to be more user-friendly. RSMASS-T will be released as a fully documented, certified code at the end of 1998. A radioisotope space power system model RISMASS is also under development. RISMASS will optimize and predict system masses for radioisotope power sources coupled with close-spaced thermionic diodes. Although RSMASS-D models have been developed for a broad variety of space nuclear power and propulsion systems, only a few concepts will be included in the releasable RSMASS-T computer code. A follow-on effort is recommended to incorporate all previous models as well as solar power system models into one general code. The proposed Space Power and propulsion system MASS (SPMASS) code would provide a consistent analysis tool for comparing a very broad range of alternative power and propulsion systems for any required power level and operating conditions. As for RSMASS-T the SPMASS model should be a certified, fully documented computer code available for general use. The proposed computer program would provide space mission planners with the capability to quickly and cost effectively explore power system options for any space mission. The code should be applicable for power requirements from as low as a few milliwatts (solar and isotopic system options) to many megawatts for reactor power and propulsion systems.

Marshall, A.C.; Gallup, D.R.

1998-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

347

Self-consistent calculations of the strength function and radiative neutron capture cross section for stable and unstable tin isotopes  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The E1 strength function for 15 stable and unstable Sn even-even isotopes from A=100 till A=176 are calculated using the self-consistent microscopic theory which, in addition to the standard (Q)RPA approach, takes into account the single-particle continuum and the phonon coupling. Our analysis shows two distinct regions for which the integral characteristics of both the giant and pygmy resonances behave rather differently. For neutron-rich nuclei, starting from $^{132}$Sn, we obtain a giant E1 resonance which significantly deviates from the widely-used systematics extrapolated from experimental data in the $\\beta$-stability valley. We show that the inclusion of the phonon coupling is necessary for a proper description of the low-energy pygmy resonances and the corresponding transition densities for $A132$ region the influence of phonon coupling is significantly smaller. The radiative neutron capture cross sections leading to the stable $^{124}$Sn and unstable $^{132}$Sn and $^{150}$Sn nuclei are calculated with both the (Q)RPA and the beyond-(Q)RPA strength functions and shown to be sensitive to both the predicted low-lying strength and the phonon coupling contribution. The comparison with the widely-used phenomenological Generalized Lorentzian approach shows considerable differences both for the strength function and the radiative neutron capture cross section. In particular, for the neutron-rich $^{150}$Sn, the reaction cross section is found to be increased by a factor greater than 20. We conclude that the present approach may provide a complete and coherent description of the $\\gamma$-ray strength function for astrophysics applications. In particular, such calculations are highly recommended for a reliable estimate of the electromagnetic properties of exotic nuclei.

A. Avdeenkov; S. Goriely; S. Kamerdzhiev; S. Krewald

2011-08-08T23:59:59.000Z

348

On formation rate of close binaries consisting of a super-massive black hole and a white dwarf  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The formation rate of a close binary consisting of a super-massive black hole and a compact object (presumably a white dwarf) in galactic cusps is calculated with help of the so-called loss cone approximation. For a power low cusp of radius $r_{a}$, the black hole mass $M\\sim 10^{6}M_{\\odot}$, this rate $\\dot N_{wd}\\sim 4\\cdot 10^{-5}K(p}\\sqrt{{GM\\over r_{a}^{3}}}\\approx 3\\cdot 10^{-9}K(p){({M\\over 10^{6}M_{\\odot}})}^{1/2}{({r_{a}\\over 1pc})}^{-3/2}yr^{-1}$. The function $K(p)$ depends on parameter $p$ determining the cusp profile, and for the standard cusp profiles with $p=1/4$ $K(p)\\sim 2$. We estimate the probability ${\\it Pr}$ of finding of a compact object orbiting around a black hole with period $P$ in one particular galaxy to be ${\\it Pr}\\sim 10^{-7}{({P/10^{3}s\\over M/10^{6}M_{\\odot}})}^{8/3} {({M/10^{6}M_{\\odot}\\over r_{a}/ 1pc})}^{3/2}$. The object with the period $P\\sim 10^{3} s$ emits gravitational waves with amplitude sufficient to be detected by LISA type gravitational wave anatenna from the distance $\\sim 10^{3}Mpc$. Based on estimates of masses of super-massive black holes in nearby galaxies, we speculate that LISA would detect several such events during its mission.

P. B. Ivanov

2002-06-09T23:59:59.000Z

349

Individual Development and Excutive Development Plan Resources  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

According to OPM, an individual development plan (IDP) is a tool to assist employees in career and personal development. Its primary purpose is to help employees reach short and long-term career...

350

Consistent quantification of climate impacts due to biogenic carbon storage across a range of bio-product systems  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Temporary and permanent carbon storage from biogenic sources is seen as a way to mitigate climate change. The aim of this work is to illustrate the need to harmonize the quantification of such mitigation across all possible storage pools in the bio- and anthroposphere. We investigate nine alternative storage cases and a wide array of bio-resource pools: from annual crops, short rotation woody crops, medium rotation temperate forests, and long rotation boreal forests. For each feedstock type and biogenic carbon storage pool, we quantify the carbon cycle climate impact due to the skewed time distribution between emission and sequestration fluxes in the bio- and anthroposphere. Additional consideration of the climate impact from albedo changes in forests is also illustrated for the boreal forest case. When characterizing climate impact with global warming potentials (GWP), we find a large variance in results which is attributed to different combinations of biomass storage and feedstock systems. The storage of biogenic carbon in any storage pool does not always confer climate benefits: even when biogenic carbon is stored long-term in durable product pools, the climate outcome may still be undesirable when the carbon is sourced from slow-growing biomass feedstock. For example, when biogenic carbon from Norway Spruce from Norway is stored in furniture with a mean life time of 43 years, a climate change impact of 0.08 kg CO{sub 2}eq per kg CO{sub 2} stored (100 year time horizon (TH)) would result. It was also found that when biogenic carbon is stored in a pool with negligible leakage to the atmosphere, the resulting GWP factor is not necessarily ? 1 CO{sub 2}eq per kg CO{sub 2} stored. As an example, when biogenic CO{sub 2} from Norway Spruce biomass is stored in geological reservoirs with no leakage, we estimate a GWP of ? 0.56 kg CO{sub 2}eq per kg CO{sub 2} stored (100 year TH) when albedo effects are also included. The large variance in GWPs across the range of resource and carbon storage options considered indicates that more accurate accounting will require case-specific factors derived following the methodological guidelines provided in this and recent manuscripts. -- Highlights: Climate impacts of stored biogenic carbon (bio-C) are consistently quantified. Temporary storage of bio-C does not always equate to a climate cooling impact. 1 unit of bio-C stored over a time horizon does not always equate to ? 1 unit CO{sub 2}eq. Discrepancies of climate change impact quantification in literature are clarified.

Guest, Geoffrey, E-mail: geoffrey.guest@ntnu.no; Bright, Ryan M., E-mail: ryan.m.bright@ntnu.no; Cherubini, Francesco, E-mail: francesco.cherubini@ntnu.no; Strmman, Anders H., E-mail: anders.hammer.stromman@ntnu.no

2013-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

351

The self-consistent parallel electric field due to electrostatic ion-cyclotron turbulence in downward auroral-current regions of the Earth's magnetosphere. IV  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The physical processes that determine the self-consistent electric field (E{sub ||}) parallel to the magnetic field have been an unresolved problem in magnetospheric physics for over 40 years. Recently, a new multimoment fluid theory was developed for inhomogeneous, nonuniformly magnetized plasma in the guiding-center and gyrotropic approximation that includes the effect of electrostatic, turbulent, wave-particle interactions (see Jasperse et al. [Phys. Plasmas 13, 072903 (2006); ibid.13, 112902 (2006)]). In the present paper and its companion paper [Jasperse et al., Phys. Plasmas 17, 062903 (2010)], which are intended as sequels to the earlier work, a fundamental model for downward, magnetic field-aligned (Birkeland) currents for quasisteady conditions is presented. The model includes the production of electrostatic ion-cyclotron turbulence in the long-range potential region by an electron, bump-on-tail-driven ion-cyclotron instability. Anomalous momentum transfer (anomalous resistivity) by itself is found to produce a very small contribution to E{sub ||}; however, the presence of electrostatic, ion-cyclotron turbulence has a very large effect on the altitude dependence of the entire quasisteady solution. Anomalous energy transfer (anomalous heating and cooling) modifies the density, drift, and temperature altitude profiles and hence the generalized parallel-pressure gradients and mirror forces in the electron and ion momentum-balance equations. As a result, |E{sub ||}| is enhanced by nearly a factor of 40 compared to its value when turbulence is absent. The space-averaged potential increase associated with the strong double layer at the bottom of the downward-current sheet is estimated using the FAST satellite data and the multimoment fluid theory.

Jasperse, John R.; Basu, Bamandas [Air Force Research Laboratory, Space Vehicles Directorate, Hanscom AFB, Massachusetts 01731 (United States); Lund, Eric J. [Space Science Center, University of New Hampshire, Durham, New Hampshire 03824 (United States); Grossbard, Neil [Institute for Scientific Research, Boston College, Chestnut Hill, Massachusetts 02467 (United States)

2010-06-15T23:59:59.000Z

352

Modal Bin Hybrid Model: A Surface Area Consistent, Triple Moment Sectional Method for Use in Process-oriented Modeling of Atmospheric Aerosols  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A triple moment sectional method, Modal Bin Hybrid Model (MBHM), has been developed. In addition to number and mass (volume), surface area is predicted (and preserved), which is important for gas-to-particle mass transfer and light extinction cross section. The performance of MBHM was evaluated against double moment sectional (DMS) methods with various size resolutions up to BIN256 (BINx: x is number of sections over three orders of magnitude in size, ?logD = 3/x) for simulating evolution of particles under simultaneously occurring nucleation, condensation and coagulation processes. Because MBHM gives a physically consistent form of the intra-sectional distributions, errors and biases of MBHM at BIN4-8 resolution were almost equivalent to those of DMS at BIN16-32 resolution for various important variables such as the moments Mk (k: 0, 2, 3), dMk/dt, and the number and volume of particles larger than a certain diameter. Another important feature of MBHM is that only a single bin is adequate to simulate full aerosol dynamics for particles whose size distribution can be approximated by a single lognormal mode. This flexibility is useful for process-oriented (multi category and/or mixing state) modeling: primary aerosols whose size parameters would not differ substantially in time and space can be expressed by a single or a small number of modes, whereas secondary aerosols whose size changes drastically from one to several hundred nanometers can be expressed by a number of modes. Added dimensions can be applied to MBHM to represent mixing state or photo-chemical age for aerosol mixing state studies.

Kajino, Mizuo; Easter, Richard C.; Ghan, Steven J.

2013-09-10T23:59:59.000Z

353

Agricultural Market Development Abroad.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

countries. The model consists of ten sections. The first six sections are the most crucial because they involve factors which a U. S. exporter cannot alter to a significant degree. The first three sections consider conditions in the United States...

Kirby, James E.; McNeely, John G.

1965-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

354

An Observed-Data-Consistent Approach to the Assignment of Bit Values in a Quantum Random Number Generator  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The majority of Quantum Random Number Generators (QRNG) are designed as converters of a continuous quantum random variable into a discrete classical random bit value. For the resulting random bit sequence to be minimally biased, the conversion process demands an experimenter to fully characterize the underlying quantum system and implement parameter estimation routines. Here we show that conventional approaches to parameter estimation (such as e.g. {\\it Maximum Likelihood Estimation}) used on a finite QRNG data sample without caution may introduce binning bias and lead to overestimation of the randomness of the QRNG output. To bypass these complications, we develop an alternative conversion approach based on the Bayesian statistical inference method. We illustrate our approach using experimental data from a time-of-arrival QRNG and numerically simulated data from a vacuum homodyning QRNG. Side-by-side comparison with the conventional conversion technique shows that our method provides an automatic on-line bias control and naturally bounds the best achievable QRNG bit rate for a given measurement record.

Pavel Lougovski; Raphael Pooser

2014-04-23T23:59:59.000Z

355

Clean development mechanism: Perspectives from developing countries  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This paper addresses the political acceptability and workability of CDM by and in developing countries. At COP-3 in Kyoto in 1997, the general position among developing countries changed from strong rejection of joint implementation to acceptance of CDM. The outgrowth of CDM from a proposal from Brazil to establish a Clean Development Fund gave developing countries a sense of ownership of the idea. More importantly, establishing support for sustainable development as a main goal for CDM overcame the resistance of many developing countries to accept a carbon trading mechanism. The official acceptance of CDM is not a guarantee of continued acceptance, however. Many developing countries expect CDM to facilitate a substantial transfer of technology and other resources to support economic growth. There is concern that Annex I countries may shift official development assistance into CDM in order to gain carbon credits, and that development priorities could suffer as a result. Some fear that private investments could be skewed toward projects that yield carbon credits. Developing country governments are wary regarding the strong role of the private sector envisioned for CDM. Increasing the awareness and capacity of the private sector in developing countries to initiate and implement CDM projects needs to be a high priority. While private sector partnerships will be the main vehicle for resource transfer in CDM, developing country governments want to play a strong role in overseeing and guiding the process so that it best serves their development goals. Most countries feel that establishment of criteria for sustainable development should be left to individual countries. A key issue is how CDM can best support the strengthening of local capacity to sustain and replicate projects that serve both climate change mitigation and sustainable development objectives.There is support among developing countries for commencing CDM as soon as possible. Since official commencement must await the entry into force of the Kyoto Protocol, many developing countries support the establishment of an Interim Phase starting in 2000, with possible retroactive crediting once the Protocol enters into force.

Sari, Agus P.; Meyers, Stephen

1999-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

356

ADVANCED HOT GAS FILTER DEVELOPMENT  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

DuPont Lanxide Composites, Inc. undertook a sixty-month program, under DOE Contract DEAC21-94MC31214, in order to develop hot gas candle filters from a patented material technology know as PRD-66. The goal of this program was to extend the development of this material as a filter element and fully assess the capability of this technology to meet the needs of Pressurized Fluidized Bed Combustion (PFBC) and Integrated Gasification Combined Cycle (IGCC) power generation systems at commercial scale. The principal objective of Task 3 was to build on the initial PRD-66 filter development, optimize its structure, and evaluate basic material properties relevant to the hot gas filter application. Initially, this consisted of an evaluation of an advanced filament-wound core structure that had been designed to produce an effective bulk filter underneath the barrier filter formed by the outer membrane. The basic material properties to be evaluated (as established by the DOE/METC materials working group) would include mechanical, thermal, and fracture toughness parameters for both new and used material, for the purpose of building a material database consistent with what is being done for the alternative candle filter systems. Task 3 was later expanded to include analysis of PRD-66 candle filters, which had been exposed to actual PFBC conditions, development of an improved membrane, and installation of equipment necessary for the processing of a modified composition. Task 4 would address essential technical issues involving the scale-up of PRD-66 candle filter manufacturing from prototype production to commercial scale manufacturing. The focus would be on capacity (as it affects the ability to deliver commercial order quantities), process specification (as it affects yields, quality, and costs), and manufacturing systems (e.g. QA/QC, materials handling, parts flow, and cost data acquisition). Any filters fabricated during this task would be used for product qualification tests being conducted by Westinghouse at Foster-Wheeler's Pressurized Circulating Fluidized Bed (PCFBC) test facility in Karhula, Finland. Task 5 was designed to demonstrate the improvements implemented in Task 4 by fabricating fifty 1.5-meter hot gas filters. These filters were to be made available for DOE-sponsored field trials at the Power Systems Development Facility (PSDF), operated by Southern Company Services in Wilsonville, Alabama.

E.S. Connolly; G.D. Forsythe

2000-09-30T23:59:59.000Z

357

Essays in Development Economics  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Handbook of Development Economics, Volume I (pp. 713-762).Journal of Development Economics, 81, 80-96. Behrman, JereJournal of Development Economics, 79, 349-373. Dercon,

Hicks, Joan Hamory

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

358

COMING SOON DEVELOPMENT  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

COMING SOON DEVELOPMENT ENGINEERING THE JOURNAL OF ENGINEERING IN ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT. · Rigorous analysis of existing development "solutions" through an engineering or economic lens. FOR MORE, interdisciplinary journal applying engineering and economic research to the problems of poverty. Published studies

Jacobs, Lucia

359

Training and Organizational Development  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Training and Organizational Development Contact: Ellen Audley Assistant, (970) 491-1376, Ellen 1 of 5 This office coordinates training and development opportunities for personal and professional and state classified personnel. Customized training and orga- nizational development consulting services

360

Training and Organizational Development  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Training and Organizational Development Contact: Ellen Audley Assistant, 491-1376, Ellen coordinates training and development opportunities for personal and professional growth for Colorado State. Customized training and organizational development consulting services are also available. Class Locations

Stephens, Graeme L.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "development oecd consists" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


361

Training and Organizational Development  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Training and Organizational Development Contact: Ellen Audley Assistant, 491-1376, Ellen coordinates training and development opportunities for personal and professional growth for Colorado State. Customized training and organizational development consulting services are also available. Class Location

Stephens, Graeme L.

362

Training and Organizational Development  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Training and Organizational Development Contact: Ellen Audley Assistant, (970) 491-1376, Ellen training and development opportunities for personal and professional growth for Colorado State University training and organiza- tional development consulting services are also available. Class Location: Johnson

363

Training and Organizational Development  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Training and Organizational Development Contact: Ellen Audley Assistant, 491-1376, Ellen training and development opportunities for personal and professional growth for Colorado State University training and organizational development consulting services are also available. Class Location: Johnson

Stephens, Graeme L.

364

The integrated workstation: A common, consistent link between nuclear plant personnel and plant information and computerized resources  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The increasing use of computer technology in the US nuclear power industry has greatly expanded the capability to obtain, analyze, and present data about the plant to station personnel. Data concerning a power plant's design, configuration, operational and maintenance histories, and current status, and the information that can be derived from them, provide the link between the plant and plant staff. It is through this information bridge that operations, maintenance and engineering personnel understand and manage plant performance. However, it is necessary to transform the vast quantity of data available from various computer systems and across communications networks into clear, concise, and coherent information. In addition, it is important to organize this information into a consolidated, structured form within an integrated environment so that various users throughout the plant have ready access at their local station to knowledge necessary for their tasks. Thus, integrated workstations are needed to provide the inquired information and proper software tools, in a manner that can be easily understood and used, to the proper users throughout the plant. An effort is underway at the Oak Ridge National Laboratory to address this need by developing Integrated Workstation functional requirements and implementing a limited-scale prototype demonstration. The integrated Workstation requirements will define a flexible, expandable computer environment that permits a tailored implementation of workstation capabilities and facilitates future upgrades to add enhanced applications. The functionality to be supported by the integrated workstation and inherent capabilities to be provided by the workstation environment win be described. In addition, general technology areas which are to be addressed in the Integrated Workstation functional requirements will be discussed.

Wood, R.T.; Knee, H.E.; Mullens, J.A.; Munro, J.K. Jr.; Swail, B.K.; Tapp, P.A.

1993-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

365

The integrated workstation: A common, consistent link between nuclear plant personnel and plant information and computerized resources  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The increasing use of computer technology in the US nuclear power industry has greatly expanded the capability to obtain, analyze, and present data about the plant to station personnel. Data concerning a power plant`s design, configuration, operational and maintenance histories, and current status, and the information that can be derived from them, provide the link between the plant and plant staff. It is through this information bridge that operations, maintenance and engineering personnel understand and manage plant performance. However, it is necessary to transform the vast quantity of data available from various computer systems and across communications networks into clear, concise, and coherent information. In addition, it is important to organize this information into a consolidated, structured form within an integrated environment so that various users throughout the plant have ready access at their local station to knowledge necessary for their tasks. Thus, integrated workstations are needed to provide the inquired information and proper software tools, in a manner that can be easily understood and used, to the proper users throughout the plant. An effort is underway at the Oak Ridge National Laboratory to address this need by developing Integrated Workstation functional requirements and implementing a limited-scale prototype demonstration. The integrated Workstation requirements will define a flexible, expandable computer environment that permits a tailored implementation of workstation capabilities and facilitates future upgrades to add enhanced applications. The functionality to be supported by the integrated workstation and inherent capabilities to be provided by the workstation environment win be described. In addition, general technology areas which are to be addressed in the Integrated Workstation functional requirements will be discussed.

Wood, R.T.; Knee, H.E.; Mullens, J.A.; Munro, J.K. Jr.; Swail, B.K.; Tapp, P.A.

1993-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

366

SOCIAL WORK Program of Study The full MSW Program consists of 63 credit hours-45 credits of classroom work and 18 credits of  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

SOCIAL WORK Program of Study The full MSW Program consists of 63 credit hours- 45 credits can complete the MSW in one full year. A two-year extended program is available after the summer

Thomas, Andrew

367

Sustainable Development at University.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

?? After the Rio United Nations Conference on Enviroment and Development, the need of sustainable development obtained recognition from the vast majority of countries and (more)

Yao, Zhilei

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

368

Regional Development Authorities (Indiana)  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

This legislation authorizes the establishment of local development authorities in Indiana. A development authority established under this law may acquire, construct, equip, own, lease, and finance...

369

ORISE: Web Development  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Web Development As computer-based applications become increasingly popular for the delivery of health care training and information, the need for Web development in support of...

370

NITINOL ENGINE DEVELOPMENT  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

20, 1976 LBL-5293 NITINOL ENGINE DEVELOPMENT Ridgway Banksof California. NITINOL ENGINE DEVELOPMENT Ridgway Banks andof practical heat engines based on this phenomenon is

Banks, Ridgway

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

371

Coal Development (Nebraska)  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

This section provides for the development of newly-discovered coal veins in the state, and county aid for such development.

372

The transfer from nuclear development  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Department of Energy`s task of cleaning up the extensive nuclear weapons complex is of such enormous proportions that there can be no definitive solution that can be adjusted to a predictable cost. The cleanup and disposition of hazardous wastes in many cases will take thirty or more years. In the near term, the economic impact affecting the communities and large number of displaced workers is a significant concern to the Department and the nation. However, before a useful transfer of DOE land, facilities, and sites to the public for economic development can be realized, a consistent and comprehensive process of compliance with regulatory requirements needs to be established. The simultaneous pursuit of these goals creates an unprecedented challenge to the Department of Energy and the US.

Smith, L.

1993-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

373

International energy outlook 1995, May 1995  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The International Energy Outlook 1995 (IEO95) presents an assessment by the Energy Information Administration (EIA) of the international energy market outlook through 2010. The report is an extension of the EIA`s Annual Energy Outlook 1995 (AEO95), which was prepared using the National Energy Modeling System (NEMS). US projections appearing in the IEO95 are consistent with those published in the AEO95. IEO95 is provided as a statistical service to energy managers and analysts, both in government and in the private sector. The projects are used by international agencies, Federal and State governments, trade associations, and other planners and decisionmakers. They are published pursuant to the Department of energy Organization Act of 1977 (Public Law 95-91), Section 295(c). The IEO95 projections are based on US and foreign government policies in effect on October 1, 1994. IEO95 displays projections according to six basic country groupings. The regionalization has changed since last year`s report. Mexico has been added to the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD), and a more detailed regionalization has been incorporated for the remainder of the world, including the following subgroups: non-OECD Asia, Africa, Middle East, and Central and South America. China is included in non-OECD Asia. Eastern Europe and the former Soviet Union are combined in the EE/FSU subgroup.

NONE

1995-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

374

SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT REPORT  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

­ Encourage research and innovation in sustainable development 14 - Standard of Living, EconomySUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT REPORT 2011-2012 #12;2 Table of Contents UNIVERSIT? LAVAL AT A GLANCE 3 A WORD FROM THE RECTOR 4 A WORD FROM THE EXECUTIVE VICE-RECTOR, DEVELOPMENT 5 SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT

Laval, Université

375

Development of Solid Breeder Blanket at JAERI  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Japan Atomic Energy Research Institute (JAERI) has been performing blanket development based on the long-term research program of fusion blankets in Japan, which was approved by the Fusion Council of Japan in 1999. The blanket development consists of out-pile R and D, In-pile R and D, TBM Neutronics and TPR Tests and Tritium Recovery System R and D. Based on the achievements of element technology development, the R and D program is now stepping to the engineering testing phase, in which scalable mockup tests will be performed for obtaining engineering data unique to the specific structure of the components, with the objective to define the fabrication specification of test blanket modules for ITER. This paper presents the major achievements of the element technology development of solid breeder blanket in JAERI.

Enoeda, Mikio; Hatano, Toshihisa; Tsuchiya, Kunihiko; Ochiai, Kentaro; Kawamura, Yoshinori; Hayashi, Kimio; Nishitani, Takeo; Nishi, Masataka; Akiba, Masato [Japan Atomic Energy Research Institute (Japan)

2005-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

376

Geothermal development opportunities in developing countries  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This report is the proceedings of the Seminar on geothermal development opportunities in developing countries, sponsored by the Geothermal Division of the US Department of Energy and presented by the National Geothermal Association. The overall objectives of the seminar are: (1) Provide sufficient information to the attendees to encourage their interest in undertaking more geothermal projects within selected developing countries, and (2) Demonstrate the technological leadership of US technology and the depth of US industry experience and capabilities to best perform on these projects.

Kenkeremath, D.C.

1989-11-16T23:59:59.000Z

377

Part IV: Other International Arrangements of Interest Office International des Epizooties (OIE)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

international health organizations that promulgate standards, which when conformed with, can provide a legal such diseases. The organization also coordinates international studies for surveillance and control of animal://www.oie.int/ Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD) OECD is a Paris-based international organization

378

Hanford Site Development Plan  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Hanford Site Development Plan (Site Development Plan) is intended to guide the short- and long-range development and use of the Hanford Site. All acquisition, development, and permanent facility use at the Hanford Site will conform to the approved plan. The Site Development Plan also serves as the base document for all subsequent studies that involve use of facilities at the Site. This revision is an update of a previous plan. The executive summary presents the highlights of the five major topics covered in the Site Development Plan: general site information, existing conditions, planning analysis, Master Plan, and Five-Year Plan. 56 refs., 67 figs., 31 tabs.

Rinne, C.A.; Curry, R.H.; Hagan, J.W.; Seiler, S.W.; Sommer, D.J. (Westinghouse Hanford Co., Richland, WA (USA)); Yancey, E.F. (Pacific Northwest Lab., Richland, WA (USA))

1990-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

379

Safety critical software development qualification  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

With the increasing use of digital systems in control applications, customers must acquire appropriate expectations for software development and quality assurance procedures. Purchasers and users of digital systems need to understand the benefits to the supplier of effective quality systems. These systems consist not only of procedures but tools that enable automation. Without the use of automation, quality can not be assured. A software and systems quality program starts with the documents you are very familiar with. But these documents must define more than the final system. They must address specific development environment characteristics and testing capabilities. Starting with the RFP, some of the items that should be introduced are Software Configuration Management, regression testing and defect tracking. The digital system customer is in the best position to enforce the use of software and systems quality programs by including them in project requirements as early as the Purchase Order. The customer's understanding of the full scope and implementation of a software quality program is essential to achieving the quality necessary in nuclear projects, and, incidentally, completing those projects on schedule. (authors)

Marron, J. E. [Invensys Process Systems, 33 Commercial Street, Foxboro, MA 02035 (United States)

2006-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

380

Two-phase flow with mass density contrast: Stable schemes for a thermodynamic consistent and frame-indifferent diffuse-interface model  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In this paper, we present a numerical scheme for the diffuse-interface model in [3] for two-phase flow of immiscible, incompressible fluids. As that model is in particular consistent with thermodynamics, energy estimates are expected to carry over to the discrete setting. By a subtle discretization of the convective coupling with the flux of the phase-field in the momentum equation, we prove discrete consistency with thermodynamics. Numerical experiments in two spatial dimensions ranging from RayleighTaylor instability to a comparison with previous modeling approaches indicate the full practicality of our scheme and enable a first validation of the new modeling approach in [3].

Grn, G., E-mail: gruen@am.uni-erlangen.de; Klingbeil, F.

2014-01-15T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "development oecd consists" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


381

Essays in Development Economics  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Discontinuity Designs in Economics," Journal of EconomicJournal of Development Economics 87(1): 57-75. [21] Ozier,Journal of Development Economics 94, 151-163. [9] Delavande,

Keats, Anthony

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

382

Developing a Marketing Plan  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Developing a good marketing plan will help you identify and quantify costs, set price goals, determine potential price outlook, examine production and price risk, and develop a strategy for marketing your crop. This publication describes...

Bevers, Stan; Waller, Mark L.; Amosson, Stephen H.; McCorkle, Dean

2009-03-02T23:59:59.000Z

383

China Business Development  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

China Business Development Postgraduate Programme #12;Programme: China Business Development with China: Intercultural Management 3 1 Daily life and business behaviour explained from a cultural perspective Chinese strategic thinking China's political constellation and its impact on business life Human

Einmahl, Uwe

384

DEVELOPING STATE POLICIES SUPPORTIVE OF BIOENERGY DEVELOPMENT  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Working within the context of the Southern States Biobased Alliance (SSBA) and with officials in each state, the Southern States Energy Board (SSEB) is identifying bioenergy-related policies and programs within each state to determine their impact on the development, deployment or use of bioenergy. In addition, SSEB will determine which policies have impacted industry's efforts to develop, deploy or use biobased technologies or products. As a result, SSEB will work with the Southern States Biobased Alliance to determine how policy changes might address any negative impacts or enhance positive impacts. In addition to analysis of domestic policies and programs, this project will include the development of a U.S.-Brazil Biodiesel Pilot Project. The purpose of this effort is to promote and facilitate the commercialization of biodiesel and bioenergy production and demand in Brazil.

Kathryn Baskin

2004-07-28T23:59:59.000Z

385

DEVELOPING STATE POLICIES SUPPORTIVE OF BIOENERGY DEVELOPMENT  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Working within the context of the Southern States Biobased Alliance (SSBA) and with officials in each state, the Southern States Energy Board (SSEB) is identifying bioenergy-related policies and programs within each state to determine their impact on the development, deployment or use of bioenergy. In addition, SSEB will determine which policies have impacted industry's efforts to develop, deploy or use biobased technologies or products. As a result, SSEB will work with the Southern States Biobased Alliance to determine how policy changes might address any negative impacts or enhance positive impacts. In addition to analysis of domestic policies and programs, this project will include the development of a U.S.-Brazil Biodiesel Pilot Project. The purpose of this effort is to promote and facilitate the commercialization of biodiesel and bioenergy production and demand in Brazil.

Kathryn Baskin

2005-04-30T23:59:59.000Z

386

DEVELOPING STATE POLICIES SUPPORTIVE OF BIOENERGY DEVELOPMENT  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Working within the context of the Southern States Biobased Alliance (SSBA) and with officials in each state, the Southern States Energy Board (SSEB) is identifying bioenergy-related policies and programs within each state to determine their impact on the development, deployment or use of bioenergy. In addition, SSEB will determine which policies have impacted industry's efforts to develop, deploy or use biobased technologies or products. As a result, SSEB will work with the Southern States Biobased Alliance to determine how policy changes might address any negative impacts or enhance positive impacts. In addition to analysis of domestic policies and programs, this project will include the development of a U.S.-Brazil Biodiesel Pilot Project. The purpose of this effort is to promote and facilitate the commercialization of biodiesel and bioenergy production and demand in Brazil.

Kathryn Baskin

2004-10-31T23:59:59.000Z

387

RELAP-7 Development  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

During the second quarter, the Reactor team drafted software development guidance documents and a software quality assurance plan.

388

POWER SYSTEMS DEVELOPMENT FACILITY  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This report discusses test campaign GCT3 of the Halliburton KBR transport reactor train with a Siemens Westinghouse Power Corporation (Siemens Westinghouse) particle filter system at the Power Systems Development Facility (PSDF) located in Wilsonville, Alabama. The transport reactor is an advanced circulating fluidized-bed reactor designed to operate as either a combustor or a gasifier using one of two possible particulate control devices (PCDs). The transport reactor was operated as a pressurized gasifier during GCT3. GCT3 was planned as a 250-hour test run to commission the loop seal and continue the characterization of the limits of operational parameter variations using a blend of several Powder River Basin coals and Bucyrus limestone from Ohio. The primary test objectives were: (1) Loop Seal Commissioning--Evaluate the operational stability of the loop seal with sand and limestone as a bed material at different solids circulation rates and establish a maximum solids circulation rate through the loop seal with the inert bed. (2) Loop Seal Operations--Evaluate the loop seal operational stability during coal feed operations and establish maximum solids circulation rate. Secondary objectives included the continuation of reactor characterization, including: (1) Operational Stability--Characterize the reactor loop and PCD operations with short-term tests by varying coal feed, air/coal ratio, riser velocity, solids circulation rate, system pressure, and air distribution. (2) Reactor Operations--Study the devolatilization and tar cracking effects from transient conditions during transition from start-up burner to coal. Evaluate the effect of process operations on heat release, heat transfer, and accelerated fuel particle heat-up rates. Study the effect of changes in reactor conditions on transient temperature profiles, pressure balance, and product gas composition. (3) Effects of Reactor Conditions on Syngas Composition--Evaluate the effect of air distribution, steam/coal ratio, solids circulation rate, and reactor temperature on CO/CO{sub 2} ratio, H{sub 2}/converted carbon ratio, gasification rates, carbon conversion, and cold and hot gas efficiencies. Test run GCT3 was started on December 1, 2000, with the startup of the thermal oxidizer fan, and was completed on February 1, 2001. This test was conducted in two parts; the loop seal was commissioned during the first part of this test run from December 1 through 15, which consisted of hot inert solids circulation testing. These initial tests provided preliminary data necessary to understand different parameters associated with the operation and performance of the loop seal. The loop seal was tested with coal feed during the second part of the test run and additional data was gathered to analyze reactor operations and to identify necessary modifications to improve equipment and process performance. In the second part of GCT3, the gasification portion of the test, from January 20 to February 1, 2001, the mixing zone and riser temperatures were varied between 1,675 and 1,825 F at pressures ranging from 200 to 240 psig. There were 306 hours of solid circulation and 184 hours of coal feed attained in GCT3.

Unknown

2002-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

389

Sustainable Development Report  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Sustainable Development Report 2010-2011 #12;2 Table of Contents Universit Laval at a glance 2-2011 highlights 9 University community initiatives 15 Sustainable development educational program 21 Research and creativity in sustainable development 24 Awards, recognition, and distinctions 28 Implementation

Laval, Universit

390

Digital Media Developing Digital  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Developing Digital Media Developing Digital Media Digital Media Case Study During 2012, IT Services component of student and staff development." In terms of the use of digital media for teaching, Mark Dixon this digital content, mentorship of paramedic students was informal and delivered locally. According to Mairad

391

DEVELOPING STATE POLICIES SUPPORTIVE OF BIOENERGY DEVELOPMENT  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Working within the context of the Southern States Biobased Alliance (SSBA) and with officials in each state, the Southern States Energy Board (SSEB) is identifying bioenergy-related policies and programs within each state to determine their impact on the development, deployment or use of bioenergy. In addition, SSEB will determine which policies have impacted industry's efforts to develop, deploy or use biobased technologies or products. As a result, SSEB will work with the Southern States Biobased Alliance to determine how policy changes might address any negative impacts or enhance positive impacts.

Kathryn Baskin

2003-10-31T23:59:59.000Z

392

DEVELOPING STATE POLICIES SUPPORTIVE OF BIOENERGY DEVELOPMENT  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Working within the context of the Southern States Biobased Alliance (SSBA) and with officials in each state, the Southern States Energy Board (SSEB) is identifying bioenergy-related policies and programs within each state to determine their impact on the development, deployment or use of bioenergy. In addition, SSEB will determine which policies have impacted industry's efforts to develop, deploy or use biobased technologies or products. As a result, SSEB will work with the Southern States Biobased Alliance to determine how policy changes might address any negative impacts or enhance positive impacts.

Kathryn Baskin

2002-07-31T23:59:59.000Z

393

DEVELOPING STATE POLICIES SUPPORTIVE OF BIOENERGY DEVELOPMENT  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Working within the context of the Southern States Biobased Alliance (SSBA) and with officials in each state, the Southern States Energy Board (SSEB) is identifying bioenergy-related policies and programs within each state to determine their impact on the development, deployment or use of bioenergy. In addition, SSEB will determine which policies have impacted industry's efforts to develop, deploy or use biobased technologies or products. As a result, SSEB will work with the Southern States Biobased Alliance to determine how policy changes might address any negative impacts or enhance positive impacts.

Kathryn Baskin

2002-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

394

Consistent Estimation for Aggregated GARCH  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of the QMLEs of the weak GARCH with TDGP parameters ( 0 ;of the QMLEs of the weak GARCH with TDGP parameters ( 0 ;of the QMLEs of the weak GARCH with TDGP parameters ( 0 ;

Komunjer, Ivana

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

395

Consistency of robust portfolio estimators  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Oct 6, 2006 ... The effect was made visible by examining stability of portfolio .... where W(Z, q) denotes the Wishart distribution with scale matrix Z ? Rnn.

2006-10-19T23:59:59.000Z

396

Energetically-consistent collisional gyrokinetics  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We present a formulation of collisional gyrokinetic theory with exact conservation laws for energy and canonical toroidal momentum. Collisions are accounted for by a nonlinear gyrokinetic Landau operator. Gyroaveraging and linearization do not destroy the operator's conservation properties. Just as in ordinary kinetic theory, the conservation laws for collisional gyrokinetic theory are selected by the limiting collisionless gyrokinetic theory.

Burby, J W; Qin, H

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

397

Fluid Mechanics -1 An oil is used in a heat exchanger. The internal geometry consists of many small diameter tubes of fixed length  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Fluid Mechanics - 1 An oil is used in a heat exchanger. The internal geometry consists of many small diameter tubes of fixed length (mounted in a bundle as indicated in the sketch). The oil is pumped). Assume the steady flow of the oil through each small tube is in the laminar regime. It is proposed

Virginia Tech

398

Solar-blind deep-UV band-pass filter (250 -350 nm) consisting of a metal nano-grid fabricated  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Solar-blind deep-UV band-pass filter (250 - 350 nm) consisting of a metal nano-grid fabricated, fabricated and demonstrated a solar-blind deep-UV pass filter, that has a measured optical performance, the filter offers simple yet effective and low cost solar-blind deep-UV detection at either a single device

399

Non-Mandatory Appendix A to 1910.900: Ergonomics Program Elements Note: The elements of an ergonomics program contained here are consistent with and  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A - 1 Non-Mandatory Appendix A to §1910.900: Ergonomics Program Elements Note: The elements of an ergonomics program contained here are consistent with and somewhat redundant of those contained that is not in the mandatory part of the standard is not mandatory. Elements of a complete ergonomics program. A full

Choobineh, Fred

400

Each process may be a primitive process indicating a single action; or it may be a composite process consisting of a number of de nitions and simpler  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

4 Processes Each process may be a primitive process indicating a single action; or it may be a composite process consisting of a number of de#12;nitions and simpler component processes bound together by process constructors, indicating a combination of the actions of its component processes. The structure

Jones, Geraint

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "development oecd consists" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


401

Advanced Modular Inverter Technology Development  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Electric and hybrid-electric vehicle systems require an inverter to convert the direct current (DC) output of the energy generation/storage system (engine, fuel cells, or batteries) to the alternating current (AC) that vehicle propulsion motors use. Vehicle support systems, such as lights and air conditioning, also use the inverter AC output. Distributed energy systems require an inverter to provide the high quality AC output that energy system customers demand. Today's inverters are expensive due to the cost of the power electronics components, and system designers must also tailor the inverter for individual applications. Thus, the benefits of mass production are not available, resulting in high initial procurement costs as well as high inverter maintenance and repair costs. Electricore, Inc. (www.electricore.org) a public good 501 (c) (3) not-for-profit advanced technology development consortium assembled a highly qualified team consisting of AeroVironment Inc. (www.aerovironment.com) and Delphi Automotive Systems LLC (Delphi), (www.delphi.com), as equal tiered technical leads, to develop an advanced, modular construction, inverter packaging technology that will offer a 30% cost reduction over conventional designs adding to the development of energy conversion technologies for crosscutting applications in the building, industry, transportation, and utility sectors. The proposed inverter allows for a reduction of weight and size of power electronics in the above-mentioned sectors and is scalable over the range of 15 to 500kW. The main objective of this program was to optimize existing AeroVironment inverter technology to improve power density, reliability and producibility as well as develop new topology to reduce line filter size. The newly developed inverter design will be used in automotive and distribution generation applications. In the first part of this program the high-density power stages were redesigned, optimized and fabricated. One of the main tasks was to design and validate new gate drive circuits to provide the capability of high temp operation. The new power stages and controls were later validated through extensive performance, durability and environmental tests. To further validate the design, two power stages and controls were integrated into a grid-tied load bank test fixture, a real application for field-testing. This fixture was designed to test motor drives with PWM output up to 50kW. In the second part of this program the new control topology based on sub-phases control and interphase transformer technology was successfully developed and validated. The main advantage of this technology is to reduce magnetic mass, loss and current ripple. This report summarizes the results of the advanced modular inverter technology development and details: (1) Power stage development and fabrication (2) Power stage validation testing (3) Grid-tied test fixture fabrication and initial testing (4) Interphase transformer technology development

Adam Szczepanek

2006-02-04T23:59:59.000Z

402

Treatment of Radioactive Metallic Waste from Operation of Nuclear Power Plants by Melting - The German Way for a Consistent Recycling to Minimize the Quantity of Radioactive Waste from Operation and Dismantling for Disposal - 12016  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

During maintenance of nuclear power plants, and during their decommissioning period, a large quantity of radioactive metallic waste will accrue. On the other hand the capacity for final disposal of radioactive waste in Germany is limited as well as that in the US. That is why all procedures related to this topic should be handled with a maximum of efficiency. The German model of consistent recycling of the radioactive metal scrap within the nuclear industry therefore also offers high capabilities for facilities in the US. The paper gives a compact overview of the impressive results of melting treatment, the current potential and further developments. Thousands of cubic metres of final disposal capacity have been saved. The highest level of efficiency and safety by combining general surface decontamination by blasting and nuclide specific decontamination by melting associated with the typical effects of homogenization. An established process - nationally and internationally recognized. Excellent connection between economy and ecology. (authors)

Wegener, Dirk [GNS Gesellschaft fuer Nuklear-Service mbH, Essen (Germany); Kluth, Thomas [Siempelkamp Nukleartechnik GmbH, Krefeld (Germany)

2012-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

403

Essays in Development Economics  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

are weak, Review of Economics and Statistics, 2004, 86,Essays in Development Economics A dissertation submitted indegree Doctor of Philosophy in Economics by Samuel Ali Bazzi

Bazzi, Samuel Ali

404

Individual Development Plan  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

To be effective, training decisions made at the organizational and departmental levels must be informed by the needs of the individual. An individual development plan (IDP) is cooperatively...

405

USER MANUAL Developers  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Foundation, US Department of Energy Primary developers: Darius Abramavicius: 2003 -- 2010 (initiator) Wei.......................................................................7 3 Basic usage and functionality.....................................................................................13 A. System Made of Known Energy Levels...........................................................14

Mukamel, Shaul

406

Validated SCR Concept Development  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

* CAE package study (urea tank, exhaust line) * Kinetic aftertreatment modeling (1D -> 3D) -> Validated model chain SCR concept development: * Optimization of SCR concept: *...

407

Attitudes towards sustainable development.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??The purpose of this thesis is to offer up to date information on the international students knowledge and attitude towards sustainable development in Oulu University (more)

Olkinuora, Veera

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

408

Indicators of Fertility Change in a Developing Nation: Examining the Impact of Motorcycles as a Distance Demolishing Technology on Fertility Change in Rural Indonesia.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??Given the consistent findings in the development literature that fertility is associated with economic growth for individuals, families, and even influences a country's Gross Domestic (more)

Muir, Jonathan A.

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

409

Influence by small dispersive coal dust particles of different fractional consistence on characteristics of iodine air filter at nuclear power plant  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The main purpose of research is to determine the influence by the small dispersive coal dust particles of the different fractional consistence on the technical characteristics of the vertical iodine air filter at nuclear power plant. The research on the transport properties of the small dispersive coal dust particles in the granular filtering medium of absorber in the vertical iodine air filter is completed in the case, when the modeled aerodynamic conditions are similar to the real aerodynamic conditions. It is shown that the appearance of the different fractional consistence of small dispersive coal dust particles with the decreasing dimensions down to the micro and nano sizes at the action of the air dust aerosol stream normally results in a significant change of distribution of the small dispersive coal dust particles masses in the granular filtering medium of an absorber in the vertical iodine air filter, changing the vertical iodine air filter aerodynamic characteristics. The precise characterization of...

Neklyudov, I M; Fedorova, L I; Poltinin, P Ya

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

410

DOE-University of Arizona Faculty Development Project. Final report  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The DOE-University of Arizona Faculty Development Project on Energy successfully completed a faculty development program. There were three phases of the program consisting of: a three week energy workshop for teachers, participation and cooperation with Students for Safe Energy in presentation of an Alternative Energy Festival at the University of Arizona, and workshops for teachers conducted at Flowing Wells School District. Each of these is described. Attendees are listed and a director's evaluation of the workshop is given.

None

1980-09-08T23:59:59.000Z

411

The Impact of STEM PBL Teacher Professional Development on Student Mathematics Achievement in High Schools  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This dissertation consists of three articles that explore the effect of professional development (PD) on teachers understanding and implementation of Science, Technology, Engineering, and Mathematics (STEM) project based learning (PBL...

Han, Sun Young

2013-05-20T23:59:59.000Z

412

Local Response to Global Climate Change: The Role of Local Development Plans in Climate Change Management  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

consists of ten sections. Section 1 gives a brief background on the research, presents research purposes and objectives, and describes the motivation for conducting this study. Section 2 reviews the climate change management and urban 7 development...

Grover, Himanshu

2011-10-21T23:59:59.000Z

413

Simulation study to investigate development options for a super-heavy oil reservoir  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, the oil was simulated as a hydrocarbon consisting of three pseudo components. These cases were run using a thermal compositional simulator (ECLIPSE 300). Simulation results indicate oil recovery, for the area developed by the existing horizontal well...

Diaz Franco, Jose Manuel

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

414

L o g o S t a n d a r d S The Go Solar California logo consists of both a graphic and a type treatment.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

L o g o S t a n d a r d S #12;The Go Solar California logo consists of both a graphic and a type." To reinforce the branding standard of Go Solar California, the logo must be used correctly. In order: 152 B: 199 Hex: 0198c7 PMS 7408 L o g o S t a n d a r d S c o L o r PMS 7461 Go Solar California Logo

415

THE ACCELERATOR TUBE DEVELOPMENT PROGRAMME AT DARESBURY LABORATORY  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of 20 to 30 MV. 2. Construction. - Early work on the development of a diffusion bonding process suitable and consistent materials preparation needed for reliable bonding. The cnditions necessary for bonding pure tita- nium to ceramic were soon established. However a harder alloy of titanium which had a better resis

Boyer, Edmond

416

Development of a focused ion beam micromachining system  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Focused ion beams are currently being investigated for many submicron fabrication and analytical purposes. An FIB micromachining system consisting of a UHV vacuum system, a liquid metal ion gun, and a control and data acquisition computer has been constructed. This system is being used to develop nanofabrication and nanomachining techniques involving focused ion beams and scanning tunneling microscopes.

Pellerin, J.G.; Griffis, D.; Russell, P.E.

1988-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

417

Great Lakes Hydrometeorological Station Directory Database and Internet Web Development  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Great Lakes Hydrometeorological Station Directory Database and Internet Web Development Primary Investigator: Thomas Croley - NOAA GLERL (Emeritus) This project was completed in 2001 Overview A new directory in hydrometeorological data availability with in the Great Lakes. The new directory will consist of an updated database

418

Developing A Grid Portal For Large-scale Reservoir Studies  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Developing A Grid Portal For Large-scale Reservoir Studies 1 Center for Computation & Technology 2 uncertainty. · Advantages of grid technology · Proposed Solution of the UCoMS Team · What is a Portal? · UCo of reservoir uncertainty... Petroleum drilling consist of many uncertainties. Main objective is to optimize

Allen, Gabrielle

419

Session: Pre-development project risk assessment  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This second session at the Wind Energy and Birds/Bats workshop consisted of two presentations followed by a discussion/question and answer period. The focus of the presentations was on the practices and methodologies used in the wind energy industry for assessing risk to birds and bats at candidate project sites. Presenters offered examples of pre-development siting evaluation requirements set by certain states. Presentation one was titled ''Practices and Methodologies and Initial Screening Tools'' by Richard Curry of Curry and Kerlinger, LLC. Presentation two was titled ''State of the Industry in the Pacific Northwest'' by Andy Linehan, CH2MHILL.

Curry, Richard; Linehan, Andy

2004-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

420

Growth & Development / Parental Care  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

participate; if one parents is lost, fledging rates usually drop #12;Winkler reduced clutch size from 5 to 3Growth & Development / Parental Care #12;Embryonic Development Although the sequence of 42 stages the egg The hatching muscle helps the chick break out of the egg Parents typically dispose of the egg

Butler, Christopher J.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "development oecd consists" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


421

Technical Assistance to Developers  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This task supports the allowance of technical assistance to fuel-cell component and system developers as directed by the DOE. This task includes testing of novel materials and participation in the further development and validation of single cell test protocols. This task also covers technical assistance to DOE Working Groups, the U.S. Council for Automotive Research (USCAR) and the USCAR/DOE Driving Research and Innovation for Vehicle efficiency and Energy sustainability (U.S. Drive) Fuel Cell Technology Team. Assistance includes technical validation of new fuel cell materials and methods, single cell fuel cell testing to support the development of targets and test protocols, and regular advisory participation in other working groups and reviews. This assistance is made available to PEM fuel cell developers by request and DOE Approval. The objectives are to: (1) Support technically, as directed by DOE, fuel cell component and system developers; (2) Assess fuel cell materials and components and give feedback to developers; (3) Assist the DOE Durability Working Group with the development of various new material durability Testing protocols; and (4) Provide support to the U.S. Council for Automotive Research (USCAR) and the USCAR/DOE Fuel Cell Technology Team. FY2012 specific technical objectives are: (1) Evaluate novel MPL materials; (2) Develop of startup/ shutdown protocol; (3) Test the impact of hydrophobic treatment on graphite bi-polar plates; (4) Perform complete diagnostics on metal bi-polar plates for corrosion; and (5) Participate and lead efforts in the DOE Working Groups.

Rockward, Tommy [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Borup, Rodney L. [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Garzon, Fernando H. [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Mukundan, Rangachary [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Spernjak, Dusan [Los Alamos National Laboratory

2012-07-17T23:59:59.000Z

422

Development Michael Short  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

power plant for buses PEM fuel cell, 120 kW, hydrogen Automotive fuel cell systems for primary power PEM and technology development PEM fuel cell, 5 kW, hydrogen Fuel cell system for the Space Shuttle Orbiter Alkaline fuel cell development Continued commercialization Reduce product cost Reduce size and weight Increase

423

Wind Economic Development (Postcard)  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The U.S. Department of Energy's Wind Powering America initiative provides information on the economic development benefits of wind energy. This postcard is a marketing piece that stakeholders can provide to interested parties; it will guide them to the economic development benefits section on the Wind Powering America website.

Not Available

2011-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

424

Sun Academic Developer Program  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Sun Academic Developer Program Kim Jones Vice President Government, Education & Health Care Sun Microsystems, Inc. FY08 Campus Ambassador Programme Your Name Here Sun Microsystems, Inc. #12;2 FY08 Campus Ambassador Programme #12;3 Sun Academic Developer Initiative On-Campus Events and Contests Open Source

McCusker, Guy

425

Introducing Web Application Development  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Introducing Web Application Development Instructor: Dr Wei Ding Development Instructor: Dr.Wei Ding Fall 2009 1CS 437/637 Database-BackedWeb Sites andWeb Services Introduction: Internet vs. World Wide Web Internet is an interconnected network of thousands ofInternet is an interconnected network

Ding, Wei

426

Internet Polling Development Report  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, and the development of a polling engine to launch the above procedures and pass the data on to the database server. This final report describes the automated polling procedures that have been developed for Synergistic, Highland and ABB loggers. This report also...

Klima, P.; Lockhart, D.; Haberl, J. S.

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

427

United Nations Development Programme  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Energy Concessions: Pilot Programs 7.5. Modernising Corn Stover Use in Rural Jilin Province, China 7United Nations Development Programme Bureau for Development Policy Energy and Atmosphere Programme. #12;5 Acknowledgements 6 Notes on Authors 7 Foreword 9 Executive Summary 27 Introduction: Energy

428

Tectonic development of Columbia Plateau  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Columbia Plateau can be subdivided into two structural subprovinces: the Palouse, characterized by the Blue Mountain anticlinorium, and the Yakima foldbelt, characterized by generally narrow, asymmetric (faulted) anticlinal ridges separated by broad basins. The tectonic features of the Columbia Plateau result from (1) north-south compression during and following the emplacement of the Columbia River Basalt (CRB); (2) the subsidence of the Yakima foldbelt subprovince relative to a stable Palouse subprovince; (3) the growth of the Yakima folds superimposed on a subsiding basin; (4) the growth of major northwest-trending strike-slip faults on the western side of the plateau; and (5) the influence of regional structures that trend into the Columbia Plateau. Subsidence of the Yakima foldbelt subprovince began prior to the eruption of the CRB and has continued from the Miocene to the present. The rate of subsidence kept pace with CRB emplacement, decreasing as eruption rates waned. Simultaneously, anticlinal fold growth within the Yakima foldbelt occurred under north-south compression, and decreased as the rate of subsidence and CRB eruptions declined. Paleomagnetic data indicate fold growth was accompanied by a component of clockwise rotation that occurred on a local scale and only in anticlines. The development of these tectonic features is consistent with oblique subduction along a converging plate margin.

Reidel, S.B.; Chamness, M.A.; Fecht, K.R.; Hagood, M.C.; Nolan, T.L.

1987-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

429

Microsystem product development.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Over the last decade the successful design and fabrication of complex MEMS (MicroElectroMechanical Systems), optical circuits and ASICs have been demonstrated. Packaging and integration processes have lagged behind MEMS research but are rapidly maturing. As packaging processes evolve, a new challenge presents itself, microsystem product development. Product development entails the maturation of the design and all the processes needed to successfully produce a product. Elements such as tooling design, fixtures, gages, testers, inspection, work instructions, process planning, etc., are often overlooked as MEMS engineers concentrate on design, fabrication and packaging processes. Thorough, up-front planning of product development efforts is crucial to the success of any project.

Polosky, Marc A.; Garcia, Ernest J.

2006-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

430

Pyrochemical multiplicity counter development  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Impure plutonium-bearing materials from pyrochemical processes often display both significant self-multiplication and variable ({alpha},n) reaction rates. Standard neutron coincidence counting techniques usually fail to accurately measure these materials. Neutron multiplicity counters measure the third moment of the neutron multiplicity distribution and thus make it possible to deduce the fertile plutonium mass of a sample even when both the self-multiplication and the ({alpha},n) reaction rate are unknown. A multiplicity counter suitable for measuring pyrochemical materials has been designed and built. This paper describes the results of characterization studies for the new counter. The counter consists of 126 helium-3 tubes arranged in 4 concentric rings in a polyethylene moderator; the average spacing between the tubes is 1.59 cm. The end plugs for the counter are made of graphite, and the 24.1- by 37.5-cm sample cavity is cadmium lined. The counter consists of two distinct halves from which the neutron counts are summed. The counter is capable of operation in either a freestanding mode with the two halves coupled together by an external cabinet or in a glove-box mode with the two halves placed around a glovebox well and then mated. For a {sup 252}Cf source centered in the sample cavity, the measured efficiency of the new multiplicity counter is 57.7% and its die-away time is 47.2{mu}s. 8 refs., 9 figs.

Langner, D.G.; Dytlewski, N.; Krick, M.S.

1991-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

431

Mirror Development for the Cherenkov Telescope Array  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The Cherenkov Telescope Array (CTA) is a planned observatory for very-high energy gamma-ray astronomy. It will consist of several tens of telescopes of different sizes, with a total mirror area of up to 10,000 square meters. Most mirrors of current installations are either polished glass mirrors or diamond-turned aluminium mirrors, both labour intensive technologies. For CTA, several new technologies for a fast and cost-efficient production of light-weight and reliable mirror substrates have been developed and industrial pre-production has started for most of them. In addition, new or improved aluminium-based and dielectric surface coatings have been developed to increase the reflectance over the lifetime of the mirrors compared to those of current Cherenkov telescope instruments.

Frster, A; Baba, H; Bhr, J; Bonardi, A; Bonnoli, G; Brun, P; Canestrari, R; Chadwick, P; Chikawa, M; Carton, P -H; De Souza, V; Dipold, J; Doro, M; Durand, D; Dyrda, M; Giro, E; Glicenstein, J -F; Hanabata, Y; Hayashida, M; Hrabovski, M; Jeanney, C; Kagaya, M; Katagiri, H; Lessio, L; MANDAT, D; Mariotti, M; Medina, C; Micha?owski, J; Micolon, P; Nakajima, D; Niemiec, J; Nozato, A; Palatka, M; Pareschi, G; Pech, M; Peyaud, B; Phlhofer, G; Rataj, M; Rodeghiero, G; Rojas, G; Rousselle, J; Sakonaka, R; Schovanek, P; Seweryn, K; Schultz, C; Shu, S; Stinzing, F; Stodulski, M; Teshima, M; Travniczek, P; Van Eldik, C; Vassiliev, V; Wi?niewski, ?; Wrnlein, A; Yoshida, T

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

432

Development of EPA radiation site cleanup regulations  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This paper summarizes the EPA program to develop radiation site cleanup and identifies many of the issues related to that effort. The material is drawn from portions of the Agency`s Issues Paper on Radiation Site Cleanup Regulations (EPA 402-R-93-084). The site cleanup regulations will be designed to protect human health and the environment and to facilitate the cleanup of sites. EPA believes that developing specific cleanup standards for radionuclides will ensure consistent, protective, and cost-effective site remediation. They will apply to all Federal facilities such as those operated by the US Department of Energy (DOE), the US Department of Defense (DoD), and sites licensed by the US Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC) and its Agreement States.

Burnett, J.

1994-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

433

Senior Director Student Development  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Senior Director Student Development & Services Janet Teasdale Assistant to the Vice President, Conferences & Food Operations (dual campus) Andrew Parr Chaplains Roberta Fraser Inter-Fraternity & Panhellenic Community Service Learning Margot Fryer Alma Mater Society UBCV Graduate Student Society UBCV

Michelson, David G.

434

Renewable Development Fund (RDF)  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Xcel Energy's Renewable Development Fund (RDF) was created in 1999 pursuant to the 1994 Radioactive Waste Management Facility Authorization Law (Minn. Stat. 116C.779). Originally, Xcel Energy was...

435

Scott Koenig Development Officer  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Scott Koenig Development Officer Teri Lucie Thompson Senior Vice President & CMO UA FOUNDAT I/TV Station Mgr Frank Fregoso Chief Engineer Cheech Calenti IT Manager Ed Kesterson Radio Program Dir. AHSC

Utzinger, Urs

436

Community Development Fund (Illinois)  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

The Community Development Fund is a partnership between the Illinois Department of Commerce and Economic Opportunity (DCEO) and financial institutions. Up to $5 million in micro loans is available...

437

Laboratory Directed Research & Development  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

......................................................................43 Measuring Dark Energy and Dark Matter Using Gravitational Lensing ............................................................11 Development of an Ultrafast Electron Diffraction Facility for Condensed Matter Physics Challenges Electrochemical Fuel Generation from Water and Carbon Dioxide..............................................19

Ohta, Shigemi

438

Advanced Interconnect Development  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The objectives of this project are to develop cost-effective, optimized materials for intermediate temperature SOFC interconnect and interconnect/electrode interface applications and identify and understand degradation processes in interconnects and at their interfaces with electrodes.

Yang, Z.G.; Maupin, G.; Simner, S.; Singh, P.; Stevenson, J.; Xia, G.

2005-01-27T23:59:59.000Z

439

Sustaining development in Detroit  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The intent of this thesis is to propose a strategy for stabilizing and increasing the disparate pieces of development that form the traces of the once great industrial city of Detroit. It focuses primarily on Fordism as a ...

Resnick, Noah Samuel, 1977-

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

440

USABC Battery Separator Development  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Separator Development P.I. - Ron Smith Presenter - Kristoffer Stokes, Ph.D. Celgard, LLC Project ID ES007 May 10, 2011 This presentation does not contain any proprietary,...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "development oecd consists" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


441

Acquisition Career Development Program  

Broader source: Directives, Delegations, and Requirements [Office of Management (MA)]

This Order establishes training and certification requirements and career development programs under the Acquisition Career Development (ACD) Program for DOE and NNSA acquisition workforce. The acquisition workforce includes contracting, purchasing, personal property management, program management, Contracting Officers and Contracting Officer Representatives. The ACD Program implements the Office of Federal Procurement Policy (OFPP) requirements, Federal Acquisition Regulation (FAR) requirements, Federal Acquisition Reform Act (FARA) requirements, and the objectives of Executive Order (E.O.) 129231, Federal Procurement Reform, dated 10-13-1994. This order cancels DOE O 361.1, Acquisition Career Development Program, dated 11-10-99, AND Acquisition Letter 2003-05, Personal Property Management Career Development, Training, and Certification Program, dated 9-10-03. Cancels DOE O 361.1 Chg 2. Canceled by DOE O 361.1B.

2004-04-19T23:59:59.000Z

442

Essays on development economics  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This dissertation is a collection of three independent papers in empirical development economics. The first chapter studies the effect of a family planning program in Bangladesh, which successfully reduced fertility, on ...

Ruthbah, Ummul Hasanath

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

443

Cybersecurity Framework Development Overview  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Cybersecurity Framework Development Overview NIST's Role in Implementing Executive Order 13636 "Improving Critical Infrastructure Cybersecurity" #12;Executive Order 13636: Improving Critical Infrastructure Cybersecurity - February 12, 2013 "The cyber threat to critical infrastructure continues to grow

Bentz, Dale P.

444

Cybersecurity Framework Development Overview  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Cybersecurity Framework Development Overview NIST's Role in Implementing Executive Order 13636 "Improving Critical Infrastructure Cybersecurity" #12;Executive Order 13636: Improving Critical Infrastructure Cybersecurity February 12, 2013 · "The cyber threat to critical infrastructure continues to grow

445

Development Opportunity Zone Credit  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

The Development Opportunity Zone Credits incent new and expanding businesses in the Cities of Beloit, Janesville and Kenosha by providing non-refundable tax credits to assist with the creation and...

446

Training and Development  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Training and Development Administration Assistant Vice Chancellor Lori Castro VC Business Senior Manager Conflict Resolution Nancy Heischman Training Coordinator Vacant Principal Technical Training Consultant Frank Widman Health Care Facilitator / Interim Benefits Manager Frank Trueba Disability

California at Santa Cruz, University of

447

NOx Sensor Development  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

needed to meet emission targets and enable widespread use of diesel vehicles with better fuel economies: We are developing a novel sensor with the potential to meet OEM cost and...

448

Microbioreactors for bioprocess development  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This thesis presents the design, fabrication, and characterization of a microbioreactor integrated with automated sensors and actuators as a step towards high-throughput bioprocess development. In particular, this thesis ...

Zhang, Zhiyu, Ph. D. Massachusetts Institute of Technology

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

449

First- and second-order transitions for a superconducting cylinder in a magnetic field obtained from a self-consistent solution of the Ginzburg-Landau equations  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Based on self-consistent solution of nonlinear GL equations, the phase boundary is found, which divides the regions of first- and second-order phase transitions to normal state of a superconducting cylinder of radius R, placed in magnetic field and remaining in the state of fixed vorticity m. This boundary is a complicated function of the parameters (m,R,{kappa}) ({kappa} is the GL parameter), which does not coincide with the simple phase boundary {kappa}=1/{radical}2, dividing the regions of first- and second-order phase transitions in infinite (open) superconducting systems.

Zharkov, G. F.

2001-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

450

Recent developments: Industry briefs  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This article is the `Industry Briefs` portion of Nuexco`s July 1992 `Recent Developments` section. Specific items mentioned include: (1) the merger of Entergy and Gulf States Utilities, (2) restart of the Sequoyah Fuels facility in Oklahoma, (3) development of the 7th and 8th nuclear units in Taiwan, (4) purchase of interest in Rio Algom, Ltd, and (5) acquisition of the Italian firm AGIP by a Canadian company.

NONE

1992-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

451

Acquisition Career Development Program  

Broader source: Directives, Delegations, and Requirements [Office of Management (MA)]

To set forth requirements and responsibilities for the Department of Energy (DOE) Acquisition Career Development (ACD) Program, which implements Office of Federal Procurement Policy (OFPP) requirements, Federal Acquisition Regulation (FAR) requirements, Federal Acquisition Reform Act (FARA) requirements, and the career development objectives of Executive Order (E.O.) 12931. Change 1 approved 12-20-2001. Cancels DOE O 361.1. Canceled by DOE O 361.1 Chg 2.

2001-12-20T23:59:59.000Z

452

Acquisition Career Development Program  

Broader source: Directives, Delegations, and Requirements [Office of Management (MA)]

To set forth requirements and responsibilities for the Department of Energy (DOE) Acquisition Career Development (ACD) Program, which implements Office of Federal Procurement Policy (OFPP) requirements, Federal Acquisition Regulation (FAR) requirements, Federal Acquisition Reform Act (FARA) requirements, and the career development objectives of Executive Order (E.O.) 12931. Change 1 approved 12-20-2001. Change 2 approved 06-13-03. Cancels DOE O 361.1 Chg 1. Canceled by DOE O 361.1A.

2003-06-13T23:59:59.000Z

453

What is Community Development?  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

and community colleges: http://www.sbaonline.sba.gov/sbdc/ Physical, Natural and Cultural Resources ? TEX*A*SYST: http://waterhome.brc.tamus.edu ? Onsite Wastewater Treatment: http://ossf.tamu.edu ? Entrepreneurship Resources: http...: Community Development Programming Resources Focus Resources General ? Texas AgriLife Extension Service Educational Resource Center: http://agrilifebookstore.org ? Southern Rural Development Center: http://srdc.msstate.edu ? Appropriate Technology Transfer...

Taylor, Greg

2009-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

454

Sustainable Development Summer Intern Report 2013 Sustainable Development Summer Intern  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Sustainable Development Summer Intern Report 2013 Sustainable Development Summer Intern Final amongst university's invested in sustainable development. Our small but mighty size allows us to build through positive sustainable practices. As the Sustainable Development Summer Intern I am fortunate enough

455

Sustainable Development Summer Intern Report 2010 Sustainable Development Summer Intern  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Sustainable Development Summer Intern Report 2010 1 Sustainable Development Summer Intern Final of Bishop's University. The role of the Sustainable Development Summer Intern (SDSI) is to coordinate and organize sustainable development information and activities during the summer months. Ensuring

456

Interim report on fuel cycle neutronics code development.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

As part of the Global Nuclear Energy Partnership (GNEP), a fast reactor simulation program was launched in April 2007 to develop a suite of modern simulation tools specifically for the analysis and design of sodium cooled fast reactors. The general goal of the new suite of codes is to reduce the uncertainties and biases in the various areas of reactor design activities by enhanced prediction capabilities. Under this fast reactor simulation program, a high-fidelity deterministic neutron transport code named UNIC is being developed. The final objective is to produce an integrated, advanced neutronics code that allows the high fidelity description of a nuclear reactor and simplifies the multi-step design process by direct coupling with thermal-hydraulics and structural mechanics calculations. Currently there are three solvers for the neutron transport code incorporated in UNIC: PN2ND, SN2ND, and MOCFE. PN2ND is based on a second-order even-parity spherical harmonics discretization of the transport equation and its primary target area of use is the existing homogenization approaches that are prevalent in reactor physics. MOCFE is based upon the method of characteristics applied to an unstructured finite element mesh and its primary target area of use is the fine grained nature of the explicit geometrical problems which is the long term goal of this project. SN2ND is based on a second-order, even-parity discrete ordinates discretization of the transport equation and its primary target area is the modeling transition region between the PN2ND and MOCFE solvers. The major development goal in fiscal year 2008 for the MOCFE solver was to include a two-dimensional capability that is scalable to hundreds of processors. The short term goal of this solver is to solve two-dimensional representations of reactor systems such that the energy and spatial self-shielding are accounted for and reliable cross sections can be generated for the homogeneous calculations. In this report we present good results for an OECD benchmark obtained using the new two-dimensional capability of the MOCFE solver. Additional work on the MOCFE solver is focused on studying the current parallelization algorithms that can be applied to both the two- and three-dimensional implementations such that they are scalable to thousands of processors. The initial research into this topic indicates that, as expected, the current parallelization scheme is not sufficiently scalable for the detailed reactor geometry that it is intended for. As a consequence, we are starting the investigative research to determine the alternatives that are applicable for massively parallel machines. The major development goal in fiscal year 2008 for the PN2ND and SN2ND solvers was to introduce parallelism by angle and energy. The motivation for this is two-fold: (1) reduce the memory burden by picking a simpler preconditioner with reduced matrix storage and (2) improve parallel performance by solving the angular subsystems of the within group equation simultaneously. The solver development in FY2007 focused on using PETSc to solve the within group equation where only spatial parallelization was utilized. Because most homogeneous problems required relatively few spatial degrees of freedom (tens of thousands) the only way to improve the parallelism was to spread the angular moment subsystems across the parallel system. While the coding has been put into place for parallelization by space, angle, and group, we have not optimized any of the solvers and therefore do not give an assessment of the achievement of this work in this report. The immediate task to be completed is to implement and validate Tchebychev acceleration of the fission source iteration algorithm (inverse power method in this work) and optimize both the PN2ND and SN2ND solvers. We further intend to extend the applicability of the UNIC code by adding a first-order discrete ordinates solver termed SN1ST. Upon completion of this work, all memory usage problems are to be identified and studied in the solvers with the intent of making th

Rabiti, C; Smith, M. A.; Kaushik, D.; Yang, W. S.

2008-05-13T23:59:59.000Z

457

Hazardous waste research and development in the Pacific Basin  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The effective management of hazardous waste is an issue that all countries of the Pacific Basin must address. By very rough estimates, almost 272 million metric tons of hazardous wastes are being generated every year in the region. While the data are not consistently defined and reported, they do indicate the extent of the problem. Increasing development brings along an increase in the rate of hazardous waste generation. On this basis, the developing countries of the region can be expected to experience some of the same problems of the developed countries as their economies become more industrialized. Fundamental problems are involved in the compilation of consistent hazardous-waste generation statistics in the Pacific Basin. One involves the definition of what constitutes hazardous waste.

Cirillo, R.R.; Carpenter, R.A. (Argonne National Lab., IL (USA); Environment and Policy Inst., Honolulu, HI (USA))

1989-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

458

Standard test methods for determining chemical durability of nuclear, hazardous, and mixed waste glasses and multiphase glass ceramics: The product consistency test (PCT)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1.1 These product consistency test methods A and B evaluate the chemical durability of homogeneous glasses, phase separated glasses, devitrified glasses, glass ceramics, and/or multiphase glass ceramic waste forms hereafter collectively referred to as glass waste forms by measuring the concentrations of the chemical species released to a test solution. 1.1.1 Test Method A is a seven-day chemical durability test performed at 90 2C in a leachant of ASTM-Type I water. The test method is static and conducted in stainless steel vessels. Test Method A can specifically be used to evaluate whether the chemical durability and elemental release characteristics of nuclear, hazardous, and mixed glass waste forms have been consistently controlled during production. This test method is applicable to radioactive and simulated glass waste forms as defined above. 1.1.2 Test Method B is a durability test that allows testing at various test durations, test temperatures, mesh size, mass of sample, leachant volume, a...

American Society for Testing and Materials. Philadelphia

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

459

Influence by small dispersive coal dust particles of different fractional consistence on characteristics of iodine air filter at nuclear power plant  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The main purpose of research is to determine the influence by the small dispersive coal dust particles of the different fractional consistence on the technical characteristics of the vertical iodine air filter at nuclear power plant. The research on the transport properties of the small dispersive coal dust particles in the granular filtering medium of absorber in the vertical iodine air filter is completed in the case, when the modeled aerodynamic conditions are similar to the real aerodynamic conditions. It is shown that the appearance of the different fractional consistence of small dispersive coal dust particles with the decreasing dimensions down to the micro and nano sizes at the action of the air dust aerosol stream normally results in a significant change of distribution of the small dispersive coal dust particles masses in the granular filtering medium of an absorber in the vertical iodine air filter, changing the vertical iodine air filter aerodynamic characteristics. The precise characterization of the aerodynamic resistance of a model of the vertical iodine air filter is completed. The comparative analysis of the technical characteristics of the vertical and horizontal iodine air filters is also made.

I. M. Neklyudov; O. P. Ledenyov; L. I. Fedorova; P. Ya. Poltinin

2013-02-18T23:59:59.000Z

460

Polymer OLED White Light Development Program  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

OSRAM Opto Semiconductors (OSRAM) successfully completed development, fabrication and characterization of the large area, polymer based white light OLED prototype at their OLED Research and Development (R&D) facility in San Jose, CA. The program, funded by the Department of Energy (DOE), consisted of three key objectives: (1) Develop new polymer materials and device architectures--in order to improve the performance of organic light emitters. (2) Develop processing techniques--in order to demonstrate and enable the manufacturing of large area, white light and color tunable, solid state light sources. (3) Develop new electronics and driving schemes for organic light sources, including color-tunable light sources. The key performance goals are listed. A world record efficiency of 25 lm/W was established for the solution processed white organic device from the significant improvements made during the project. However, the challenges to transfer this technology from an R&D level to a large tile format such as, the robustness of the device and the coating uniformity of large area panels, remain. In this regard, the purity and the blend nature of the materials are two factors that need to be addressed in future work. During the first year, OSRAM's Materials and Device group (M&D) worked closely with the major polymer material suppliers to develop the polymer emissive technology. M&D was successful in demonstrating a 7-8 lm/W white light source which was based on fluorescent materials. However, it became apparent that the major gains in efficiency could only be made if phosphorescent materials were utilized. Thus, in order to improve the performance of the resulting devices, the focus of the project shifted towards development of solution-processable phosphorescent light emitting diodes (PHOLEDs) and device architectures. The result is a higher efficiency than the outlined project milestone.

Homer Antoniadis; Vi-En Choong; Stelios Choulis; Brian Cumpston; Rahul Gupta; Mathew Mathai; Michael Moyer; Franky So

2005-12-19T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "development oecd consists" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


461

Climate Change, Adaptation, and Development  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

developing countries "can significantly offset the adverse effects of climate change").Climate Change, 2 which calls on developed countries (but not developing countries)developing countries that will bear the bulk of the effects of climate change.

Cole, Daniel H.

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

462

Emergency Response Guideline Development  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Task 5 of the collaborative effort between ORNL, Brazil, and Westinghouse for the International Nuclear Energy Research Initiative entitled Development of Advanced Instrumentation and Control for an Integrated Primary System Reactor focuses on operator control and protection system interaction, with particular emphasis on developing emergency response guidelines (ERGs). As in the earlier tasks, we will use the IRIS plant as a specific example of an integrated primary system reactor (IPSR) design. The present state of the IRIS plant design specifically, the lack of a detailed secondary system design precludes establishing detailed emergency procedures at this time. However, we can create a structure for their eventual development. This report summarizes our progress to date. Section 1.2 describes the scope of this effort. Section 2 compares IPSR ERG development to the recent AP1000 effort, and identifies three key plant differences that affect the ERGs and control room designs. The next three sections investigate these differences in more detail. Section 3 reviews the IRIS Safety-by-Design philosophy and its impact on the ERGs. Section 4 looks at differences between the IRIS and traditional loop PWR I&C Systems, and considers their implications for both control room design and ERG development. Section 5 examines the implications of having one operating staff control multiple reactor units. Section 6 provides sample IRIS emergency operating procedures (EOPs). Section 7 summarizes our conclusions.

Gary D. Storrick

2007-09-30T23:59:59.000Z

463

Radiochemical method development  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The authors have developed methods for chemical characterization of the environment under a multitask project that focuses on improvement of radioanalytical methods with an emphasis on faster and cheaper routine methods. The authors have developed improved methods for separation of environmental levels of technetium-99, radium, and actinides from soil and water; separation of actinides from soil and water matrix interferences; and isolation of strontium. They are also developing methods for simultaneous detection of multiple isotopes (including nonradionuclides) by using a new instrumental technique, inductively coupled plasma-mass spectrometry (ICP-MS). The new ICP-MS methods have greater sensitivity and efficiency and could replace many radiometric techniques. They are using flow injection analysis to integrate and automate the separation methods with the ICP-MS methodology. The final product of all activities will be methods that are available (published in the U.S. Department of Energy`s analytical methods compendium) and acceptable for use in regulatory situations.

Erickson, M.D.; Aldstadt, J.H.; Alvarado, J.S.; Crain, J.S.; Orlandini, K.A.; Smith, L.L.

1994-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

464

Power Systems Development Facility  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In support of technology development to utilize coal for efficient, affordable, and environmentally clean power generation, the Power Systems Development Facility (PSDF), located in Wilsonville, Alabama, has routinely demonstrated gasification technologies using various types of coals. The PSDF is an engineering scale demonstration of key features of advanced coal-fired power systems, including a Transport Gasifier, a hot gas particulate control device, advanced syngas cleanup systems, and high-pressure solids handling systems. This final report summarizes the results of the technology development work conducted at the PSDF through January 31, 2009. Twenty-one major gasification test campaigns were completed, for a total of more than 11,000 hours of gasification operation. This operational experience has led to significant advancements in gasification technologies.

Southern Company Services

2009-01-31T23:59:59.000Z

465

Renewable Energy Economic Development  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Renewable Energy Economic Development Dick Sheehy & Nate Monosoff, CH2M HILL March, 2010 #12;Contents 1. Who is CH2M HILL? 2. Why Do We Need Renewables? 3. Where Is The Wind Blowing? 4. Where Is The Sun Shining? 5. How To Catch Some Rays? 6. Renewable Related 2 Proprietary & Confidential #12;Where

466

Technology Forecasting Scenario Development  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Technology Forecasting and Scenario Development Newsletter No. 2 October 1998 Systems Analysis was initiated on the establishment of a new research programme entitled Technology Forecasting and Scenario and commercial applica- tion of new technology. An international Scientific Advisory Panel has been set up

467

Global Development Our Responsibility  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of expertise cover urgent global issues such as food production, energy supply, climate change, biodiversity e ort to address urgent global issues particularly a ecting developing countries e.g. climate change of Communication, 2012 · Project Leader: Karin Nilsson · Graphic Design: Viktor Wrange & Michael Kvick Cover Photo

468

Global developments in MTBE  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This paper is intended to provide an overview of some of the recent developments in MTBE demand growth worldwide and the impact of these developments on MTBE demand in the future. It provides a perspective of the influence of developments in the US on the worldwide MTBE markets. The public`s outcry regarding oxygenates in gasoline, and specifically MTBE, that has been evolving in the US during the past several months is in response to a politically mandated requirement for a fuel that contains oxygen that is provided by MTBE or ethanol. This public unrest had negatively impacted the market price for MTBE at the time this paper was being prepared. However, the author believes that MTBE, because of its clean octane capabilities, will continue to be used as an octane blendstock for gasoline in increasing quantities worldwide as we move through lead phasedown in West Europe and other countries that are experiencing pollution problems relating to exhaust emissions from internal combustion engines. The objectives of this paper are as follows: review developments in MTBE demand 1990--2000; identify regions where MTBE demand growth will occur; review production growth for MTBE, both historical and forecast; examine world trade patterns during the period; assess methanol demand growth during the period; analyze MTBE`s regional price bias; and provide a forecast of future MTBE price trends.

Feller, L.W. [CMAI, Houston, TX (United States)

1995-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

469

Graphite Technology Development Plan  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This technology development plan is designed to provide a clear understanding of the research and development direction necessary for the qualification of nuclear grade graphite for use within the Next Generation Nuclear Plant (NGNP) reactor. The NGNP will be a helium gas cooled Very High Temperature Reactor (VHTR) with a large graphite core. Graphite physically contains the fuel and comprises the majority of the core volume. Considerable effort will be required to ensure that the graphite performance is not compromised during operation. Based upon the perceived requirements the major data needs are outlined and justified from the perspective of reactor design, reatcor performance, or the reactor safety case. The path forward for technology development can then be easily determined for each data need. How the data will be obtained and the inter-relationships between the experimental and modeling activities will define the technology development for graphite R&D. Finally, the variables affecting this R&D program are discussed from a general perspective. Factors that can significantly affect the R&D program such as funding, schedules, available resources, multiple reactor designs, and graphite acquisition are analyzed.

W. Windes; T. Burchell; R. Bratton

2007-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

470

BIOANALYTICAL DEVELOPMENT OF A  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

- CHLORINATED DIBENZO-p- DIOXINS Evgenia G. Matveeva,1,2,* Elena V. Gribkova,1 James R. Sanborn,2 Shirley J. Gee of California, Davis, California 95616 ABSTRACT A homogeneous immunoassay for dioxins was developed using a phosphorescent label for detection. A dioxin derivative was conjugated to Pt-coproporphyrin. In the assay, when

Hammock, Bruce D.

471

Apple Professional Development Courses  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Apple Professional Development Courses Spring / Summer 2013 #12;2 Contents Foundation 12th July ­ i ­ Vision and Plan 11 14th June ­ Vision and Plan 11 #12;3 Get the most from your Apple products with MMU. Apple has created a series of workshops which are delivered by independent facilitators. These hands

472

Ocean Engineering Development Team  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Ocean Engineering Hydrofoil Development Team Justin Eickmeier Mirela Dalanaj Jason Gray Matt test bed for future hydrofoil designs. 5) To create future student interest in the Ocean Engineering Efficiency and Acceleration. #12;Design Team Justin Eickmeier Team Leader Major: Ocean Engineering, Junior

Wood, Stephen L.

473

ENVIRONMENT AND SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of sustainable development; uConservation of resources and biodiversity; uClimate change and carbon management; uES AND BIODIVERSITy B.1 - conservation genetics and biodiversity 29 PH. BARET, A.-L. JACQUEMART B.2 - Environmental of collective action arrangements and regulation for biodiversity conservation and sustainable use 41 T

Nesterov, Yurii

474

2008 Program Development  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

such issues as endangered species, private property rights, wetlands, timber management, and air and water2008 Program Natural Resources Leadership Development Institute It is the policy of the Purdue University Cooperative Extension Service that all persons have equal opportunity and access to its

475

MECO Production Target Developments  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

be reoptimized Tungsten target Simulations of design parameters with GEANT3 indicate that both production targetMECO Production Target Developments James L. Popp University of California, Irvine NuFact'03 Columbia, June, 2003 #12;June, 2003J.L.Popp, UCI MECO Production Target 2 MECO Collaboration Institute

McDonald, Kirk

476

Energy Efficiency Project Development  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The International Utility Efficiency Partnerships, Inc. (IUEP) has been a leader among the industry groups that have supported voluntary initiatives to promote international energy efficiency projects and address global climate change. The IUEP maintains its leadership by both supporting international greenhouse gas (GHG) reduction projects under the auspices of the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) and by partnering with U.S. and international organizations to develop and implement strategies and specific energy efficiency projects. The goals of the IUEP program are to (1) provide a way for U.S. industry to maintain a leadership role in international energy efficiency infrastructure projects; (2) identify international energy project development opportunities to continue its leadership in supporting voluntary market-based mechanisms to reduce GHG emissions; and (3) demonstrate private sector commitment to voluntary approaches to global climate issues. The IUEP is dedicated to identifying, promoting, managing, and assisting in the registration of international energy efficiency projects that result in demonstrated voluntary reductions of GHG emissions. This Final Technical Report summarizes the IUEP's work in identifying, promoting, managing, and assisting in development of these projects and IUEP's effort in creating international cooperative partnerships to support project development activities that develop and deploy technologies that (1) increase efficiency in the production, delivery and use of energy; (2) increase the use of cleaner, low-carbon fuels in processing products; and (3) capture/sequester carbon gases from energy systems. Through international cooperative efforts, the IUEP intends to strengthen partnerships for energy technology innovation and demonstration projects capable of providing cleaner energy in a cost-effective manner. As detailed in this report, the IUEP met program objectives and goals during the reporting period January 1, 2001 through December 31, 2002. At the request of the DOE, we have also included in this report additional activities during the reporting period January, 1999 through January, 2001. This additional information had been reported earlier in the Final Technical Reports that summarized activities undertaken in those earlier periods.

IUEP

2004-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

477

Development of alternative oxygen production source using a zirconia solid electrolyte membrane  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The objective of this multiyear effort was the development, fabrication and testing of a zirconia oxygen production module capable of delivering approximately 100 liters/minute (LPM) of oxygen. The work discussed in this report consists of development and improvement of the zirconia cell along with manufacture of cell components, preliminary design of the final plant, additional economic analysis and industrial participation. (VC)

Suitor, J.W.; Clark, D.J.; Losey, R.W.

1990-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

478

Development of alternative oxygen production source using a zirconia solid electrolyte membrane. Final report  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The objective of this multiyear effort was the development, fabrication and testing of a zirconia oxygen production module capable of delivering approximately 100 liters/minute (LPM) of oxygen. The work discussed in this report consists of development and improvement of the zirconia cell along with manufacture of cell components, preliminary design of the final plant, additional economic analysis and industrial participation. (VC)

Suitor, J.W.; Clark, D.J.; Losey, R.W.

1990-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

479

ADVANCED SORBENT DEVELOPMENT PROGRAM  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The overall objective of this program was to develop regenerable sorbents for use in the temperature range of 343 to 538 C (650 to 1000 F) to remove hydrogen sulfide (H{sub 2}S) from coal-derived fuel gases in a fluidized-bed reactor. The goal was to develop sorbents that are capable of reducing the H{sub 2}S level in the fuel gas to less than 20 ppmv in the specified temperature range and pressures in the range of 1 to 20 atmospheres, with chemical characteristics that permit cyclic regeneration over many cycles without a drastic loss of activity, as well as physical characteristics that are compatible with the fluidized bed application.

Unknown

1998-06-16T23:59:59.000Z

480

PEATGAS process development status  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Since 1976, IGT has conducted over 200 peat-gasification tests in both laboratory- and process-development-unit (PDU)-scale equipment. The encouraging results demonstrate that on the basis of chemistry and kinetics, peat is an excellent raw material for the production of SNG. Based on a peat-gasification kinetic model developed from the laboratory and PDU data, cost estimates for commercial operation show that the conversion of peat to SNG by the PEATGAS process is competitive with other alternative SNG sources. If the results of a 19-month, $4 million feasibility study funded by the US Department of Energy are favorable, Minnesota Gas Co. plans to participate in the construction and operation of an 80 million SCF/day industrial plant for making SNG from peat.

Punwani, D.V.; Biljetina, R.

1986-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "development oecd consists" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


481

Geothermal materials development activities  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This ongoing R&D program is a part of the Core Research Category of the Department of Energy/Geothermal Division initiative to accelerate the utilization of geothermal resources. High risk materials problems that if successfully solved will result in significant reductions in well drilling, fluid transport and energy conversion costs, are emphasized. The project has already developed several advanced materials systems that are being used by the geothermal industry and by Northeastern Electric, Gas and Steam Utilities. Specific topics currently being addressed include lightweight C0{sub 2}-resistant well cements, thermally conductive scale and corrosion resistant liner systems, chemical systems for lost circulation control, elastomer-metal bonding systems, and corrosion mitigation at the Geysers. Efforts to enhance the transfer of the technologies developed in these activities to other sectors of the economy are also underway.

Kukacka, L.E.

1993-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

482

Insider protection technology developments  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Sandia National Laboratories evaluates and develops new techniques and technologies to ensure the integrity of special nuclear material (SNM) against potential insider threats. We have evaluated several types of sensor technologies and subsystems to monitor and/or track materials and personnel. This past year`s effort has been directed at characterizing commercial developments that meet the Department of Energy`s (DOE) needs in some of these areas. Some of these evaluations are complete and some are still in progress. This paper discusses our work with infrared light (IR), radio frequency (RF), and RF proximity technologies. After these technologies are judged to be applicable to DOE`s needs, we incorporate them into the generic, real time, personnel tracking and material monitoring system.

Foesch, J.; Bortniak, P.; Waddoups, I.

1994-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

483

NOx Sensor Development  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The objectives of this report are: (1) Develop an inexpensive, rapid-response, high-sensitivity and selective electrochemical sensor for oxides of nitrogen (NO{sub x}) for compression-ignition, direct-injection (CIDI) exhaust gas monitoring; (2) Explore and characterize novel, effective sensing methodologies based on impedance measurements; (3) Explore designs and manufacturing methods that could be compatible with mass fabrication; and (4) Collaborate with industry in order to (ultimately) transfer the technology to a supplier for commercialization.

Woo, L Y; Glass, R S

2009-10-27T23:59:59.000Z

484

Acquisition Career Development Program  

Broader source: Directives, Delegations, and Requirements [Office of Management (MA)]

The Order implements the Department's Acquisition Career Development program, mandatory for professionals in the GS-1102 and 1105 occupational procurement series, as well as others with significant procurement responsibilities. The Order also ensures that members of the acquisition workforce are aware of and adhere to the mandatory training and certification requirements. Cancels Acquisition Letter 98-06. Canceled by DOE O 361.1 Chg 1.

1999-11-10T23:59:59.000Z

485

RESEARCH & DEVELOPMENT: PROGRAM ABSTRACTS  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

) 586-8061 Fax: (202) 586-9811 E-mail: patrick.davis@ee.doe.gov Fuel Cell Core Technology R&D JoAnn Milliken (202) 586-2480 Fax: (202) 586-9811 E-mail: joann.milliken@ee.doe.gov Fuel Cell System Development Donna Ho (202) 586-8000 Fax: (202) 586-9811 E-mail: donna.ho@ee.doe.gov Mailing Address U.S. Department

486

Update on INSIGHTS Development  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

INSIGHTS is a transformational separate effects testing capability to perform in situ irradiation studies and characterization of the microscale behavior of nuclear fuel materials under a wide variety of in-pile conditions. Separate effects testing including growth, irradiation, and monitoring of these materials, and encompasses the full science based approach for fuels development from the nanoscale to the mesoscale behavior of the sample material and other defects driven by the modeling and simulation efforts of INL.

Not Listed; Eric Burgett

2011-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

487

ORISE: Standards development  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May JunDatastreamsmmcrcalgovInstrumentsrucLas Conchas recoveryLaboratory |CHEMPACKRadiological programStandards development For 30 years,

488

Advanced Dewatering Systems Development  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A new fine coal dewatering technology has been developed and tested in the present work. The work was funded by the Solid Fuels and Feedstocks Grand Challenge PRDA. The objective of this program was to 'develop innovative technical approaches to ensure a continued supply of environmentally sound solid fuels for existing and future combustion systems with minimal incremental fuel cost.' Specifically, this solicitation is aimed at developing technologies that can (i) improve the efficiency or economics of the recovery of carbon when beneficiating fine coal from both current production and existing coal slurry impoundments and (ii) assist in the greater utilization of coal fines by improving the handling characteristics of fine coal via dewatering and/or reconstitution. The results of the test work conducted during Phase I of the current project demonstrated that the new dewatering technologies can substantially reduce the moisture from fine coal, while the test work conducted during Phase II successfully demonstrated the commercial viability of this technology. It is believed that availability of such efficient and affordable dewatering technology is essential to meeting the DOE's objectives.

R.H. Yoon; G.H. Luttrell

2008-07-31T23:59:59.000Z

489

Bikini Atoll groundwater development  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Nuclear weapons testing during the 1950's has left the soil and ground water on Bikini Atoll contaminated with cesium-137, and to a lesser extent, strontium-90. Plans currently are underway for the clean-up and resettlement of the atoll by removal of approximately the upper 30 cm of soil. Any large-scale resettlement program must include provisions for water supply. This will be achieved principally by catchment and storage of rain water, however, since rainfall in Bikini is highly seasonal and droughts occur frequently, ground water development must also be considered. The quantity of potable ground water that can be developed is limited by its salinity and radiological quality. The few ground water samples available from Bikini, which have been collected from only about the top meter of the groundwater body, indicate that small bodies of potable ground water exist on Bikini and Eneu, the two principal living islands, but that cesium and strontium in the Bikioni ground water exceed drinking water standards. In order to make a reasonable estimate of the ground water development potential for the atoll, some 40 test boreholes will be drilled during July/August 1985, and a program of water quality monitoring initiated. This paper will describe preliminary results of the drilling and monitoring work.

Peterson, F.L.

1985-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

490

Sustainable Urban Development Priorities - Development of a Rapid...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

in Cities with Data Scarcity Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: Sustainable Urban Development Priorities - Development of a Rapid Assessment Tool for...

491

High Temperature Capacitor Development  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The absence of high-temperature electronics is an obstacle to the development of untapped energy resources (deep oil, gas and geothermal). US natural gas consumption is projected to grow from 22 trillion cubic feet per year (tcf) in 1999 to 34 tcf in 2020. Cumulatively this is 607 tcf of consumption by 2020, while recoverable reserves using current technology are 177 tcf. A significant portion of this shortfall may be met by tapping deep gas reservoirs. Tapping these reservoirs represents a significant technical challenge. At these depths, temperatures and pressures are very high and may require penetrating very hard rock. Logistics of supporting 6.1 km (20,000 ft) drill strings and the drilling processes are complex and expensive. At these depths up to 50% of the total drilling cost may be in the last 10% of the well depth. Thus, as wells go deeper it is increasingly important that drillers are able to monitor conditions down-hole such as temperature, pressure, heading, etc. Commercial off-the-shelf electronics are not specified to meet these operating conditions. This is due to problems associated with all aspects of the electronics including the resistors and capacitors. With respect to capacitors, increasing temperature often significantly changes capacitance because of the strong temperature dependence of the dielectric constant. Higher temperatures also affect the equivalent series resistance (ESR). High-temperature capacitors usually have low capacitance values because of these dielectric effects and because packages are kept small to prevent mechanical breakage caused by thermal stresses. Electrolytic capacitors do not operate at temperatures above 150oC due to dielectric breakdown. The development of high-temperature capacitors to be used in a high-pressure high-temperature (HPHT) drilling environment was investigated. These capacitors were based on a previously developed high-voltage hybridized capacitor developed at Giner, Inc. in conjunction with a unique high-temperature electrolyte developed during the course of the program. During this program the feasibility of operating a high voltage hybridized capacitor at 230oC was demonstrated. Capacitor specifications were established in conjunction with potential capacitor users. A method to allow for capacitor operation at both ambient and elevated temperatures was demonstrated. The program was terminated prior to moving into Phase II due to a lack of cost-sharing funds.

John Kosek

2009-06-30T23:59:59.000Z

492

MICROHOLE TECHNOLOGY -PROGRESS ON BOREHOLE INSTRUMENTATION DEVELOPMENT  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

-sized commercial rigs, consists of a mechanical rotary bit, a hydraulically powered positive displacement motor

493

Galaxy Formation with Self-Consistently Modeled Stars and Massive Black Holes. I: Feedback-Regulated Star Formation and Black Hole Growth  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

There is mounting evidence for the coevolution of galaxies and their embedded massive black holes (MBHs) in a hierarchical structure formation paradigm. To tackle the nonlinear processes of galaxy-MBH interaction, we describe a self-consistent numerical framework which incorporates both galaxies and MBHs. The high-resolution adaptive mesh refinement (AMR) code Enzo is modified to model the formation and feedback of molecular clouds at their characteristic scale of 15.2 pc and the accretion of gas onto an MBH. Two major channels of MBH feedback, radiative feedback (X-ray photons followed through full three-dimensional adaptive ray tracing) and mechanical feedback (bipolar jets resolved in high-resolution AMR), are employed. We investigate the coevolution of a 9.2 x 10{sup 11} M {circle_dot} galactic halo and its 10{sup 5} {circle_dot} M embedded MBH at redshift 3 in a cosmological CDM simulation. The MBH feedback heats the surrounding interstellar medium (ISM) up to 10{sup 6} K through photoionization and Compton heating and locally suppresses star formation in the galactic inner core. The feedback considerably changes the stellar distribution there. This new channel of feedback from a slowly growing MBH is particularly interesting because it is only locally dominant and does not require the heating of gas globally on the disk. The MBH also self-regulates its growth by keeping the surrounding ISM hot for an extended period of time.

Kim, Ji-hoon; Wise, John H.; /KIPAC, Menlo Park /Stanford U., Phys. Dept. /Princeton U., Astrophys. Sci. Dept.; Alvarez, Marcelo A.; /Canadian Inst. Theor. Astrophys.; Abel, Tom; /KIPAC, Menlo Park /Stanford U., Phys. Dept.

2011-11-04T23:59:59.000Z

494

Comparison of IUPAC k0 Values and Neutron Cross Sections to Determine a Self-consistent Set of Data for Neutron Activation Analysis  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Independent databases of nuclear constants for Neutron Activation Analysis (NAA) have been independently maintained by the physics and chemistry communities for many year. They contain thermal neturon cross sections s0, standardization values k0, and transition probabilities Pg. Chemistry databases tend to rely upon direct measurements of the nuclear constants k0 and Pg which are often published in chemistry journals while the physics databases typically include evaluated s0 and Pg data from a variety of experiments published mainly in physics journals. The IAEA/LBNL Evaluated Gamma-ray Activation File (EGAF) also contains prompt and delayed g-ray cross sections sg from Prompt Gamma-ray Activation Analysis (PGAA) measurements that can also be used to determine k0 and s0 values. As a result several independent databases of fundamental constants for NAA have evolved containing slightly different and sometimes discrepant results. An IAEA CRP for a Reference Database for Neutron Activation Analysis was established to compare these databases and investigate the possibilitiy of producing a self-consistent set of s0, k0, sg, and Pg values for NAA and other applications. Preliminary results of this IAEA CRP comparison are given in this paper.

Firestone, Richard B; Revay, Zsolt

2009-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

495

Toward a self-consistent model of the interaction between an ultra-intense, normally incident laser pulse with an overdense plasma  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Following a recent work by Sanz et al. [Phys. Rev. E 85, 046411 (2012)], we elaborate upon a one-dimensional model describing the interaction between an ultra-intense, normally incident laser pulse and an overdense plasma. The analytical solutions of the reflected laser field, the electrostatic field, and the plasma surface oscillation are obtained within the cold-fluid approximation. The high-order harmonic spectrum is calculated from the exact solution of the plasma surface oscillations. In agreement with particle-in-cell simulations, two regimes of harmonic generation are predicted: for moderately relativistic laser intensities, or high plasma densities, the harmonic spectrum is determined by the discontinuity in the derivative of the reflected field when the electron plasma boundary oscillates across the fixed ion boundary. For higher intensities, the electron plasma boundary is confined inside the ion region and oscillates at relativistic velocities, giving rise to a train of reflected attosecond pulses. In both cases, the harmonic spectrum obeys an asymptotic ?{sup ?4} scaling. The acceleration of electrons and the related laser absorption efficiency are computed by a test particle method. The model self-consistently reproduces the transition between the anomalous skin effect and the J B heating predicted by particle-in-cell simulations. Analytical estimates of the different scalings are presented.

Debayle, A. [CEA, DAM, DIF, F-91297 Arpajon (France) [CEA, DAM, DIF, F-91297 Arpajon (France); ETSI Aeronuticos. Universidad Politcnica de Madrid, Madrid 28040 (Spain); Sanz, J. [ETSI Aeronuticos. Universidad Politcnica de Madrid, Madrid 28040 (Spain)] [ETSI Aeronuticos. Universidad Politcnica de Madrid, Madrid 28040 (Spain); Gremillet, L. [CEA, DAM, DIF, F-91297 Arpajon (France)] [CEA, DAM, DIF, F-91297 Arpajon (France); Mima, K. [School for the Creation of Photonic Industries, Shizuoka 431-1202 (Japan)] [School for the Creation of Photonic Industries, Shizuoka 431-1202 (Japan)

2013-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

496

On the ground state calculation of a many-body system using a self-consistent basis and quasi-Monte Carlo: An application to water hexamer  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Given a quantum many-body system, the Self-Consistent Phonons (SCP) method provides an optimal harmonic approximation by minimizing the free energy. In particular, the SCP estimate for the vibrational ground state (zero temperature) appears to be surprisingly accurate. We explore the possibility of going beyond the SCP approximation by considering the system Hamiltonian evaluated in the harmonic eigenbasis of the SCP Hamiltonian. It appears that the SCP ground state is already uncoupled to all singly- and doubly-excited basis functions. So, in order to improve the SCP result at least triply-excited states must be included, which then reduces the error in the ground state estimate substantially. For a multidimensional system two numerical challenges arise, namely, evaluation of the potential energy matrix elements in the harmonic basis, and handling and diagonalizing the resulting Hamiltonian matrix, whose size grows rapidly with the dimensionality of the system. Using the example of water hexamer we demonstrate that such calculation is feasible, i.e., constructing and diagonalizing the Hamiltonian matrix in a triply-excited SCP basis, without any additional assumptions or approximations. Our results indicate particularly that the ground state energy differences between different isomers (e.g., cage and prism) of water hexamer are already quite accurate within the SCP approximation.

Georgescu, Ionu?, E-mail: ionutg@gmail.com; Mandelshtam, Vladimir A. [Chemistry Department, University of California, Irvine, California 92697 (United States)] [Chemistry Department, University of California, Irvine, California 92697 (United States); Jitomirskaya, Svetlana [Department of Mathematics, University of California, Irvine, California 92697 (United States)] [Department of Mathematics, University of California, Irvine, California 92697 (United States)

2013-11-28T23:59:59.000Z

497

Ion-acoustic waves in a plasma consisting of adiabatic warm ions, nonisothermal electrons, and a weakly relativistic electron beam: Linear and higher-order nonlinear effects  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The nonlinear propagation of finite amplitude ion acoustic solitary waves in a plasma consisting of adiabatic warm ions, nonisothermal electrons, and a weakly relativistic electron beam is studied via a two-fluid model. A multiple scales technique is employed to investigate the nonlinear regime. The existence of the electron beam gives rise to four linear ion acoustic modes, which propagate at different phase speeds. The numerical analysis shows that the propagation speed of two of these modes may become complex-valued (i.e., waves cannot occur) under conditions which depend on values of the beam-to-background-electron density ratio {alpha}, the ion-to-free-electron temperature ratio {sigma}, and the electron beam velocity v{sub 0}; the remaining two modes remain real in all cases. The basic set of fluid equations are reduced to a Schamel-type equation and a linear inhomogeneous equation for the first and second-order potential perturbations, respectively. Stationary solutions of the coupled equations are derived using a renormalization method. Higher-order nonlinearity is thus shown to modify the solitary wave amplitude and may also deform its shape, even possibly transforming a simple pulse into a W-type curve for one of the modes. The dependence of the excitation amplitude and of the higher-order nonlinearity potential correction on the parameters {alpha}, {sigma}, and v{sub 0} is numerically investigated.

Esfandyari-Kalejahi, A. [Faculty of Science, Department of Physics, Azerbaijan University of Tarbiat Moallem, 51745-406 Tabriz (Iran, Islamic Republic of); Kourakis, I. [Center for Plasma Physics (CPP), Department of Physics and Astronomy, Queen's University Belfast, BT7 1 NN Northern Ireland (United Kingdom); Institut fuer Theoretische Physik IV, Fakultaet fuer Physik und Astronomie, Ruhr-Universitaet Bochum, D-44780 Bochum (Germany); Shukla, P. K. [Institut fuer Theoretische Physik IV, Fakultaet fuer Physik und Astronomie, Ruhr-Universitaet Bochum, D-44780 Bochum (Germany)

2008-02-15T23:59:59.000Z

498

Energy and Society ER100/PPC184/ER200/PPC284, Fall 2014  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

countries with average annual per capita energy consumption rates under 1 TOE)? [5 points] 2. Exponential growth models The OECD (or broadly speaking developed) nations' energy consumption and 2 emissions have

Kammen, Daniel M.

499

Modeling diffusion of electrical appliances in the residential sector  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Energy Agency (2004). World Energy Outlook 2004, OECD. M.A.consumption. The World Energy Outlook (WEO) developed by thefrom the IEAs World Energy Outlook 2002 (2000 data), and

McNeil, Michael A.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

500

The political economy of active labour market policy.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Active labour market policies have developed significantly over the last two decades across OECD countries, with substantial cross-national differences in terms of both extent and overall orientation. The objective of this paper is to account...

Bonoli, Giuliano

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z