Sample records for development knowledge network

  1. Re-engineering knowledge networks for development

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Raghavan, Amrith, 1976-

    2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This thesis examines the evolution of Internet based knowledge networks (e-knowledge networks) in the domain of sustainable development. The objective of this thesis is to use an engineering systems approach to understand ...

  2. Climate and Development Knowledge Network (CDKN) Feed | Open Energy

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directedAnnual Siteof EnergyInnovationin UrbanCity ofCityCleanInformation Climate and Development

  3. Climate and Development Knowledge Network (CDKN) | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directedAnnualProperty EditCalifornia:PowerCER.png El CER esDatasetCityFund Jump to:Climate and Development

  4. Knowledge Engineering Technique for Cluster Development

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    Knowledge Engineering Technique for Cluster Development Pradorn Sureephong1 , Nopasit Chakpitak1 management by using knowledge engineering which is one of the most important method for managing knowledge. This work analyzed three well known knowledge engineering methods, i.e. MOKA, SPEDE and Common

  5. In the networked society people, knowledge, devices,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zhao, Yuxiao

    . The work will mix theoretical work with simulation evaluations, based on existing or emerging Ericsson vertical positioning component. Furthermore, network based solution requirements are typically tighter indoor. The developed network-based algorithms will be based on various radio network measurements from

  6. Generic Knowledge Structures for Probabilistic-Network Engineering

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Utrecht, Universiteit

    Generic Knowledge Structures for Probabilistic-Network Engineering Eveline M. Helsper Linda C. van-CS-2005-014 www.cs.uu.nl #12;Generic Knowledge Structures for Probabilistic-Network Engineering Eveline M of engineering probabilistic networks can be sup- ported by a library of generic knowledge structures

  7. International Conference on Human Resource Development for Nuclear Power Programmes: Strategies for Education and Training, Networking and Knowledge Management

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Pepper, S.

    2014-06-24T23:59:59.000Z

    The IAEA’s Junior Professional Officer (JPO) program provides the opportunity for early career professionals to obtain valuable work experience while helping the IAEA perform basic, yet essential work that would otherwise be performed by an experienced staff member. JPO assignments span the spectrum of IAEA tasks, including open source information collection and analysis, equipment evaluation, testing, and installation, statistical analysis of data, software and web development, entomology, performance strategy, project management, communications, and stable isotope analysis. JPOs are college graduates with degrees in science, engineering, or other disciplines relevant to the work of the IAEA, generally 32 years old or younger, and have approximately two years’ professional experience. They work with the IAEA in entry-level positions for one or two years under extrabudgetary funding provided by an IAEA Member State. Currently, ten Member States have JPO agreements with the IAEA. The United States initiated its JPO program in 2004 and has found that the program has advantages for both the IAEA and the United States. The IAEA is an excellent environment for introducing young scientists, engineers and other professionals to the practical application of their education, to international civil service, to the challenges facing the global nuclear industry, and to the industry’s practitioners. This paper will summarize the advantages of the JPO program to the IAEA and to the Member State.

  8. NetPal: A Dynamic Network Administration Knowledge Base

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Milios, Evangelos E.

    NetPal: A Dynamic Network Administration Knowledge Base Ashley George, Adetokunbo Makanju system designed to assist network administra- tors in their troubleshooting tasks, in recall- ing hosting environments, Net- pal summarises network data and and supports retrieval of relevant

  9. In the networked society people, knowledge, devices,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zhao, Yuxiao

    devices to their benefit. Thesis - Development and evaluation of Multi-RAT simulator-00072198 Description, there is a need of modeling WiFi networks and developing a simulator capable of modeling both these RATs. The goal a current Matlab-based time-dynamic LTE simulator to include capabilities to simulate WiFi nodes

  10. Organizing Global Knowledge Networks in the Electronics Industry

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dedrick, Jason; Kraemer, Kenneth L; Linden, Greg; Brown, Claire; Murtha, Tom

    2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Knowledge Networks in the Electronics Industry 1 Jasonusing studies from the electronics industry. We examine theanalysis to the overall electronics industry to illustrate

  11. Generic Knowledge Structures for Probabilistic-Network Engineering

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Utrecht, Universiteit

    Generic Knowledge Structures for Probabilistic-Network Engineering Eveline M. Helsper and Linda C, independent of any specific application domain. Upon using the library, the knowledge engineer selects customisation by the knowl- edge engineer. To allow for customisation, a knowledge structure should be based

  12. Academic Knowledge Transfer in Social Networks

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Slater, Mark David

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    4.3 Digital Library Requirements . . . . . . . . . . . 4.43.1.1 Digital Libraries . . . . . . . . . . . .A Prototype Personal Digital Library Knowledge Transfer

  13. asia current knowledge: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    co-operation sector is beginning to recognise knowledge as a pillar of equitable and sustainable development and to view knowledge sharing as one of the central challenges for...

  14. Knowledge-based cluster development in India : opportunities and challenges

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Singla, Chandan Dev

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Knowledge-based industries tend to cluster. The nature of activities illustrate the importance of networks and virtual and proximity aspects of clustering. Review of existing literature brings out the advantages of clustering ...

  15. Knowledge-based navigation in a hypertext network

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Snell, James Robert

    1990-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    was to investigate knowledge-based navigation in a hypertext network. Hypertext can be described as a massive network of text fragments, stored in a computer system, linked together electronically. The navigation problem is the inability of the user to move.... However, the system did not have a sufficient number of links (or potential links) to test the effectiveness properly. The final study utilized a set of dermatology class notes. The study measured time, number of moves, and success rates for subjects...

  16. Knowledge Network: An Information Repository with Services for Managing Concurrent Engineering Design

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fox, Mark S.

    Knowledge Network: An Information Repository with Services for Managing Concurrent Engineering design engineers. The KAD system centers on a knowledge network that stores design knowledge and provides are constructing a Knowledge Aided Design (KAD) system for supporting concurrent engineering design and enhancing

  17. M.S. ABDULLAH, I. BENEST, A. EVANS, and C. KIMBLE, Knowledge Modelling Techniques For Developing Knowledge Management Systems, 3rd European Conference on

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kimble, Chris

    modelling, knowledge management, knowledge management system, knowledge, knowledge engineering. 1M.S. ABDULLAH, I. BENEST, A. EVANS, and C. KIMBLE, Knowledge Modelling Techniques For Developing Knowledge Management Systems, 3rd European Conference on Knowledge Management, Dublin, Ireland, September

  18. Border-crossing knowledge networking among multinational firms : the case of R&D facilities

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shirvani-Mahdavi, Ali (Ali Agha), 1965-

    2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    (cont.) which is expected, given their additional knowledge resources. The respondents' urgency in looking for the relevant knowledge is the primary explanation for this difference between the two networks. This difference ...

  19. Knowledge Retention: Developing a Knowledge Transfer Plan for the Engineering Department at Wolf Creek Nuclear Operating Corporation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bussard, Grant William

    2013-05-17T23:59:59.000Z

    the engineering field is highly steeped in knowledge, it is imperative that tacit and explicit knowledge is retained and transferred in order to develop an effective and efficient organization. When individuals leave the company, they leave with more than what...

  20. aerospace knowledge diffusion: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    to codify: Implications for the knowledge - based economy" Prometheus 19 Richards, Debbie 15 Inverse diffusion from knowledge of power densities Guillaume Bal Mathematics...

  1. Redefining Social Network Services: A Solution to Personal Information and Knowledge Management

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    He, Daqing

    Redefining Social Network Services: A Solution to Personal Information and Knowledge Management of human communication abilities as other social software does, social network services (SNS) provide their theoretical foundation from social network theory. However, they are far from working perfectly as reflected

  2. Talent Acquisition Talent Development Social Network Essentials

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bordenstein, Seth

    Talent Acquisition Talent Development Social Network Essentials for Students Dan Ryan April 1, 2013 #12;What are your goals for today? #12;Beginning steps · Resume/CV · Networking · Social networks relevant information ­ Internships ­ Research ­ Study abroad #12;What is Networking? · A two-way process

  3. Network Structure and Inter-organizational Knowledge Sharing Capability This paper examines how the structure of a supply network can affect the inter-organizational

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Priestley, Jennifer Lewis

    Network Structure and Inter-organizational Knowledge Sharing Capability ABSTRACT This paper examines how the structure of a supply network can affect the inter-organizational knowledge sharing, Inter-organizational knowledge sharing, Absorptive capacity, Shared identity, Network structure. 1 #12

  4. Essays on social networks in development economics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chandrasekhar, Arun Gautham

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This thesis examines the role that social networks play in developing economies. The first two chapters analyze econometric issues that arise when researchers work with sampled network data. The final two chapters study ...

  5. A network that responds to water resource issues by advancing knowledge through

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Water Wells and Septic Systems · Animal Agriculture: Production and Manure Management The informationThe Land-Grant University System A network that responds to water resource issues by advancing knowledge through research, education and extension projects. Applying knowledge to improve water quality

  6. MANAGING NETWORK ORGANIZATIONS IN THE KNOWLEDGE ECONOMY: LEARNING

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Indiana University

    ECONOMY: LEARNING FROM SUCCESS AND FAILURE Hamid R. Ekbia School of Library and Information Science The current economy has brought the network model of organization to the forefront of management theory. INTRODUCTION The information economy seems to favor the network model of organiza- tion. This is what various

  7. architecture knowledge management: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    architecture knowledge management First Page Previous Page 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 Next Page Last Page Topic Index 1 Architectural...

  8. activating event knowledge: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    decision making to people or applications. Nor does it provide the means for users to enter and share their "knowledge" that is useful for making the right decisions. This...

  9. accessing human knowledge: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    articles on this tree. 'Technomimetics' is proposed as a new method of knowledge management in science and technology: it shall help find and organise information in an era of...

  10. APPLYING SOCIAL NETWORK ANALYSIS TO KNOWLEDGE PETER BUSCH

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Richards, Debbie

    , Macquarie University North Ryde, NSW, 2109, Australia DEBBIE RICHARDS Department of Computing, Macquarie University North Ryde, NSW, 2109, Australia Tacit knowledge is either learnt through repeated experience and Release the Power of Innovation, Oxford University Press, Inc., New York. #12;

  11. System and method for knowledge based matching of users in a network

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Verspoor, Cornelia Maria (Santa Fe, NM); Sims, Benjamin Hayden (Los Alamos, NM); Ambrosiano, John Joseph (Los Alamos, NM); Cleland, Timothy James (Los Alamos, NM)

    2011-04-26T23:59:59.000Z

    A knowledge-based system and methods to matchmaking and social network extension are disclosed. The system is configured to allow users to specify knowledge profiles, which are collections of concepts that indicate a certain topic or area of interest selected from an. The system utilizes the knowledge model as the semantic space within which to compare similarities in user interests. The knowledge model is hierarchical so that indications of interest in specific concepts automatically imply interest in more general concept. Similarity measures between profiles may then be calculated based on suitable distance formulas within this space.

  12. Learning Bayesian Networks: The Combination of Knowledge and Statistical Data

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Heckerman, David

    (1991), and Spiegelhalter et al. (1993) (herein referred to as CH, Buntine, and SDLC, respectively implicitly by CH, Buntine, and SDLC, addresses the relationship among prior distributions of param- eters is to be contrasted with those of CH and Buntine who do not make use of a prior network, and to those of CH and SDLC

  13. Beyond rules: development and evaluation of knowledge acquisition systems for educational knowledge-based modelling 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Conlon, Thomas Hugh

    1997-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The technology of knowledge-based systems undoubtedly offers potential for educational modelling, yet its practical impact on today's school classrooms is very limited. To an extent this is because the tools presently ...

  14. A Knowledge Engineering Method for New Product Development

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Perry, Nicolas; 10.3166/jds.19.117-133

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Engineering activities involve large groups of people from different domains and disciplines. They often generate important information flows that are difficult to manage. To face these difficulties, a knowledge engineering process is necessary to structure the information and its use. This paper presents a deployment of a knowledge capitalization process based on the enrichment of MOKA methodology to support the integration of Process Planning knowledge in a CAD System. Our goal is to help different actors to work collaboratively by proposing one referential view of the domain, the context and the objectives assuming that it will help them in better decision-making.

  15. Building Knowledge-enabled Cloud Robotics Applications using the Ubiquitous Network Robot Platform

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Building Knowledge-enabled Cloud Robotics Applications using the Ubiquitous Network Robot Platform of distributed robotic applications. Our aim is to modularize applications by factoring out environment- , task base that is shared between the robots and service applications. Robot control decisions can

  16. Extracting Attack Knowledge Using Principal-subordinate Consequence Tagging Case Grammar and Alerts Semantic Networks

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ansari, Nirwan

    Extracting Attack Knowledge Using Principal-subordinate Consequence Tagging Case Grammar and Alerts networks from Distributed Denial of Service (DDoS) attacks has become a critical issue that must be tackled, the overwhelming volume of alerts makes it difficult for security administrators to analyze and extract the attack

  17. Symbiotic Intelligence: SelfOrganizing Knowledge on Distributed Networks Driven by Human Interaction

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Menczer, Filippo

    a , and Marianna Kantor a . a Los Alamos National Laboratory, Los Alamos, New Mexico, 87545 b Santa Fe InstituteSymbiotic Intelligence: Self­Organizing Knowledge on Distributed Networks Driven by Human, 1399 Hyde Park Road, Santa Fe, New Mexico, 87501 Abstract Through conceptual examples

  18. A Representation-Based Methodology for Developing High-Value Knowledge Engineering Systems: Theory and Applications

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Munger, Tyler Rey

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Knowledge Engineering . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .Knowledge Engineering . . . . . . . . . . . .to Analytics for Knowledge Engineering Approach . . . . .

  19. A PLATFORM DEDICATED TO KNOWLEDGE ENGINEERING FOR THE DEVELOPMENT OF IMAGE PROCESSING APPLICATIONS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    A PLATFORM DEDICATED TO KNOWLEDGE ENGINEERING FOR THE DEVELOPMENT OF IMAGE PROCESSING APPLICATIONS.Revenu}@greyc.ensicaen.fr Keywords: Image processing, application formulation, knowledge engineering, ontology Abstract: In this paper, we propose a platform dedicated to the knowledge extraction and management for image pro- cessing

  20. Knowledge integration for problem solving in the development of complex aerospace systems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Haddad, Marc George

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The development of complex products requires widespread knowledge interactions among a significant number of individuals and teams designing numerous interrelated components. Increasing product complexity typically leads ...

  1. To appear in: Machine Learning: An Artificial Intelligence Approach, volume IV Refining Symbolic Knowledge Using Neural Networks

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Liblit, Ben

    artificial neural networks as part of a multistrategy learning system, there must be a way for neural; 1 Introduction Artificial neural networks (ANNs) have proven to be a powerful and general technique Knowledge Using Neural Networks Geoffrey G. Towell Jude W. Shavlik University of Wisconsin --- Madison 1210

  2. Climate and Development Knowledge Network (CDKN) | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directedAnnual Siteof EnergyInnovationin UrbanCity ofCityCleanInformation Climate and

  3. Organizational Learning and Knowledge Development Peculiarities in Small and Medium Family Enterprises

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    1 Organizational Learning and Knowledge Development Peculiarities in Small and Medium Family Enterprises Abstract The aim of this theoretical contribution is to analyze the processes of organizational of piece of information and knowledge take place not only in the organizational context but also

  4. Knowledge management practices in automotive safety attribute development

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Krishnaswami, Ram N. (Ram Narian)

    2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Organizations strive continuously to become efficient. Over the years many of them have tried to attain this through streamlining or reengineering their product development practices. 'While some of them succeed others are ...

  5. Reshaping rural development through knowledge clusters : the case of Danville and Southside, Virginia

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pierson, Andrew Stuart (Andrew Drew Stuart)

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This thesis examines challenges and implications associated with implementing knowledge-based economic development strategies in rural regions, focusing on the City of Danville in Southside Virginia. In 2000, Danville ...

  6. "Developing the technical and policy knowledge needed to reduce the

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Acton, Scott

    -model of algae biofuel production processes for other researchers. · Founded a new company to develop GELs this change will require a new set of engineering tools. Most of the world's relevant scientific bodies have in the turbines and it uses waste CO2 as a feedstock. Environmental implications of biofuels Bio

  7. IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON KNOWLEDGE AND DATA ENGINEERING, MANUSCRIPT ID 1 Development of a Software Engineering

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sommerville, Ian

    Engineering Ontology for Multi-site Software Development Pornpit Wongthongtham, Elizabeth Chang, Tharam Dillon of software engineering. Index Terms--Software Engineering, Ontology Development, Multi-site SoftwareIEEE TRANSACTIONS ON KNOWLEDGE AND DATA ENGINEERING, MANUSCRIPT ID 1 Development of a Software

  8. antitoxin strategy developed: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    and learning for sustainable development 5. Research and knowledge exchange for a sustainable future 6. Living Brierley, Andrew 25 Human Resources Empowerment Strategies in...

  9. Development of knowledge Base Expert System for Natural treatment of Diabetes disease

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jha, Sanjeev Kumar

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The development of expert system for treatment of Diabetes disease by using natural methods is new information technology derived from Artificial Intelligent research using ESTA (Expert System Text Animation) System. The proposed expert system contains knowledge about various methods of natural treatment methods (Massage, Herbal/Proper Nutrition, Acupuncture, Gems) for Diabetes diseases of Human Beings. The system is developed in the ESTA (Expert System shell for Text Animation) which is Visual Prolog 7.3 Application. The knowledge for the said system will be acquired from domain experts, texts and other related sources.

  10. Safety Lifecycle for Developing Safety Critical Artificial Neural Networks

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kelly, Tim

    Safety Lifecycle for Developing Safety Critical Artificial Neural Networks Zeshan Kurd, Tim Kelly.kelly}@cs.york.ac.uk Abstract. Artificial neural networks are employed in many areas of industry such as medicine and defence a safety lifecycle for artificial neural networks. The lifecycle fo- cuses on managing behaviour

  11. Build your skills and knowledge to successfully supervise the construction process from the conceptual development

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Build your skills and knowledge to successfully supervise the construction process from, and contracts. In this program, you are trained to: · Coordinate the different needs of large-scale projects improve your effectiveness, keep you up-to-date on industry developments, and give you the competitive

  12. TED: Technology and Economic Development International Conference on Innovation, Technology and Knowledge Economics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yanikoglu, Berrin

    TED: Technology and Economic Development 3rd International Conference on Innovation, Technology and Knowledge Economics Ankara, 24th -26th June An Empirical Study into the Determinants of Innovativeness for Industrial Management (TUSSIDE), 41401 Gebze, Kocaeli, Turkey 3 Gebze Institute of Technology, Department

  13. ECEN 621-600: Mobile Wireless Networking, Spring 2009 A Course Targeting at State-of-The-Art Knowledge In Advanced Wireless

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zhang, Xi

    ECEN 621-600: Mobile Wireless Networking, Spring 2009 A Course Targeting at State-of-The-Art Knowledge In Advanced Wireless Communications and Networking Design & Analysis Techniques INSTRUCTOR: Prof, protocols, and modeling techniques for mobile wireless networks. The course aims at equipping graduate

  14. The local knowledge bank : uncovering the processes and networks of social innovation at Brazil's first community bank

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gao, Ying, M.C.P. Massachusetts Institute of Technology

    2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    In this thesis, I apply a case study method to examine the processes of knowledge management both within the neighborhood, and in institutional partnerships, by Banco Palmas, Brazil's first community development bank, as ...

  15. Developing Lowland Habitat Networks in Scotland: Phase 2

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Developing Lowland Habitat Networks in Scotland: Phase 2 Jonathan Humphrey1 , Mike Smith1 reproduced from Ordnance Survey material with the permission of Ordnance Survey on behalf of the Controller...............................................................................11 3.5 Construction of landuse change scenarios

  16. Bridge building : afterschool activities, youth social networks, and community development

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Forman, Benjamin

    2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    In recent years, U.S. cities have dramatically increased funding for afterschool activities. These afterschool programs may contribute to community development by expanding social networks, providing new channels for the ...

  17. Gambia-Support the Development of a National Climate Compatible...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Name CDKN-Gambia-Support the Development of a National Climate Compatible Development Strategy AgencyCompany Organization Climate and Development Knowledge Network (CDKN),...

  18. Demonstrating the benefits of knowledge management assets : developing and applying a valuation methodology

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Taylor, Aaron B

    2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Since the early 1980s numerous knowledge-dependent organizations have made diligent attempts to measure their intangible assets. In more recent years, knowledge-dependent organizations have expressed a desire to demonstrate ...

  19. Networking and Information Technology Research and Development...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Technology Research and Development (NITRD) Program, as required by the High-Performance Computing Act of 1991 (P.L. 102-194), the Next Generation Internet Research Act of...

  20. Networked VAX/LSI/CAMAC data acquisition system development

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Melvin, J.D.; Clark, D.L.; Mendenhall, M.H.; Tombrello, T.A.

    1983-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Recent development of the Caltech data acquisition system installed in 1981, which runs on a VAX-11/750, a Peritek Q-bus network, LSI-11s, and CAMAC, is described. In this system, the DEC VMS and RT-11 operating systems are supported on the VAX ''host'' and LSI-11 ''front-end'' computers by a VMS device driver and network host program, and a bootable RT-11 device driver. Network ''utility'' and ''control'' programs provide general purpose support for communication between front-end and host software. Data acquisition software tools are provided for writing programs to run nuclear physics experiments. A system similar to Caltech's was installed at the University of Rochester in 1982. The network has been tested for speed and real-time response. After including all software overhead required by data acquisition, it was found that the system could transfer buffers and acknowledge their receipt at a net speed of 127 KB per second with a 35% load on the host computer. The network software is currently being rehosted on Ethernet hardware at Caltech in a multiple host - many front-end computer configuration. Compatibility with the current Peritek network software will be maintained.

  1. ORIGINAL ARTICLES Network for Development of Electroporation-Based Technologies

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ljubljana, University of

    of medicine, biotechnology and environmental preservation. Keywords Electroporation Á Cancer treatment ÁORIGINAL ARTICLES Network for Development of Electroporation-Based Technologies and Treatments August 2012 Ó The Author(s) 2012. This article is published with open access at Springerlink.com Abstract

  2. Machine Learning Research Group Working Paper 912 Refining Algorithms with KnowledgeBased Neural Networks

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Liblit, Ben

    Networks: Improving the Chou­Fasman Algorithm for Protein Folding * Richard Maclin Jude W. Shavlik Computer­Fasman algorithm, a method for predicting how globular proteins fold. The Chou­Fasman algorithm cannot be elegantly and discuss the need for better definitions of solution quality for the protein­folding problem. 1

  3. Geospatial knowledge for territorial intelligence Pr. Robert Laurini Geospatial Knowledge

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Laurini, Robert

    Geospatial knowledge for territorial intelligence Pr. Robert Laurini Geospatial Knowledge ­ Management · Objective: Sustainable development #12;Geospatial knowledge for territorial intelligence Pr;Geospatial knowledge for territorial intelligence Pr. Robert Laurini Generic and specific knowledge

  4. Hybrid Model for Knowledge Representation In this paper the fundamental idea is top develop and

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    years has witnessed a tremendous increase in the use of world wide web and it is soon becoming built word networks. This network forms a hybrid method which combines human precision web in its present form is however an infuriating experience for the simple fact that the data

  5. The Lifecycle of Bayesian Network Models Developed for Multi-Source Signature Assessment of Nuclear Programs

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Gastelum, Zoe N.; White, Amanda M.; Whitney, Paul D.; Gosink, Luke J.; Sego, Landon H.

    2013-06-04T23:59:59.000Z

    The Multi-Source Signatures for Nuclear Programs project, part of Pacific Northwest National Laboratory’s (PNNL) Signature Discovery Initiative, seeks to computationally capture expert assessment of multi-type information such as text, sensor output, imagery, or audio/video files, to assess nuclear activities through a series of Bayesian network (BN) models. These models incorporate knowledge from a diverse range of information sources in order to help assess a country’s nuclear activities. The models span engineering topic areas, state-level indicators, and facility-specific characteristics. To illustrate the development, calibration, and use of BN models for multi-source assessment, we present a model that predicts a country’s likelihood to participate in the international nuclear nonproliferation regime. We validate this model by examining the extent to which the model assists non-experts arrive at conclusions similar to those provided by nuclear proliferation experts. We also describe the PNNL-developed software used throughout the lifecycle of the Bayesian network model development.

  6. Knowledge Market: Agent-mediated Knowledge Sharing

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dignum, Frank

    , preservation and distribution of knowledge assets but mainly the management and nurturing of collaboration developments show a shift in the focus of Knowledge Management (KM) from knowledge organization of relevant knowledge in a dynamic, collaborative environment. - Preserve individual autonomy and contribute

  7. A Study of Prospective Mathematics Teachers' Knowledge Development and Beliefs Changes for Teaching Fraction Division

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chen, Xi

    2011-08-08T23:59:59.000Z

    as deficient compared with academic mathematics department because prospective teachers? mathematics knowledge is limited. On the other hand, since the late of 1980s, researchers (e.g., Ball, 1990a, 1990b; Borko et al., 1992; Graeber, Tirosh, & Glover, 1989...

  8. Self Organising Wireless Sensor Networks as a Land Management Tool in Developing Countries: A Preliminary Survey

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Haddadi, Hamed

    Self Organising Wireless Sensor Networks as a Land Management Tool in Developing Countries wireless sensor networks do to help? This overview discusses the environmental and technological challenges management. Self organising wireless sensor networks, if implemented adequately, have the potential to target

  9. Developing a decision-theoretic network for a congenital heart disease

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Utrecht, Universiteit

    and statistical decision theory has yielded the framework of decision-theoretic networks 15 . The framework of decision making under uncertainty. In contrast with the classical decision-theoretic and knowledge-based approaches employed in the past two decades to decision making under uncertainty, the framework of decision-theoretic

  10. Developing Knowledge States: Technology and the Enhancement of National Statistical Capacity

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Anderson, Derrick M

    2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    National statistical systems are the enterprises tasked with collecting, validating and reporting societal attributes. These data serve many purposes - they allow governments to improve services, economic actors to traverse markets, and academics to assess social theories. National statistical systems vary in quality, especially in developing countries. This study examines determinants of national statistical capacity in developing countries, focusing on the impact of general purpose technologies (GPTs). Just as technological progress helps to explain differences in economic growth, states with markets with greater technological attainment (specifically, general purpose technologies) arguably have greater capacity for gathering and processing quality data. Analysis using panel methods shows a strong, statistically significant positive linear relationship between GPTs and national statistical capacity. There is no evidence to support a non-linear function in this relationship. Which is to say, there does not a...

  11. advanced development program: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Advanced Technology Program Renewable Energy Websites Summary: Quality Program Promotes business Network of centers offering performance technical assistance and best excellence...

  12. Development of Ensemble Neural Network Convection Parameterizations for Climate Models

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Fox-Rabinovitz, M. S.; Krasnopolsky, V. M.

    2012-05-02T23:59:59.000Z

    The novel neural network (NN) approach has been formulated and used for development of a NN ensemble stochastic convection parametrization for climate models. This fast parametrization is built based on data from Cloud Resolving Model (CRM) simulations initialized with and forced by TOGA-COARE data. The SAM (System for Atmospheric Modeling), developed by D. Randall, M. Khairoutdinov, and their collaborators, has been used for CRM simulations. The observational data are also used for validation of model simulations. The SAM-simulated data have been averaged and projected onto the GCM space of atmospheric states to implicitly define a stochastic convection parametrization. This parametrization is emulated using an ensemble of NNs. An ensemble of NNs with different NN parameters has been trained and tested. The inherent uncertainty of the stochastic convection parametrization derived in such a way is estimated. Due to these inherent uncertainties, NN ensemble is used to constitute a stochastic NN convection parametrization. The developed NN convection parametrization have been validated in a diagnostic CAM (CAM-NN) run vs. the control CAM run. Actually, CAM inputs have been used, at every time step of the control/original CAM integration, for parallel calculations of the NN convection parametrization (CAM-NN) to produce its outputs as a diagnostic byproduct. Total precipitation (P) and cloudiness (CLD) time series, diurnal cycles, and P and CLD distributions for the large Tropical Pacific Ocean for the parallel CAM-NN and CAM runs show similarity and consistency with the NCEP reanalysis. The P and CLD distributions for the tropical area for the parallel runs have been analyzed first for the TOGA-COARE boreal winter season (November 1992 through February 1993) and then for the winter seasons of the follow-up parallel decadal simulations. The obtained results are encouraging and practically meaningful. They show the validity of the NN approach. This constitutes an important practical conclusion of the study: the obtained results on NN ensembles as a stochastic physics parametrization show a realistic possibility of development of NN convection parametrization for climate (and NWP) models based on learning cloud physics from CRM/SAM simulated data.

  13. Workforce Development in the Global Economy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Richardson, David

    Workforce Development in the Global Economy: LINKING SKILLS AND CAPABILITIES Phil Psilos & Competitiveness Duke University INTRODUCTION NOVEMBER 2011 #12;Workforce Development in the Global Economy competitiveness, and innovation in the knowledge economy. Duke CGGC works with a network of researchers

  14. Business development trends and analysis for the data networking market

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Patil, Devadas V

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The Internet has come a long way after the widely reported invention by Sandra Lerner and Leonard Bosack of the router, a device that can transmit data from one network to another based on certain protocols and principles. ...

  15. DEVELOPMENT OFA RELIABLE WIRELESS GNSS SENSOR NETWORK Fabio Casciati1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyer, Edmond

    , 96100 Siracusa, Italy 3 Institute of Micro/Nano Devices and Solar Cell, College of Physics from Texas Instrument. The network features low cost, low power, mesh topology, high reliability

  16. UCSB helps develop massive coastal radar network GARRY WORMSER, NEWS-PRESS CORRESPONDENT

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    California at Santa Barbara, University of

    UCSB helps develop massive coastal radar network GARRY WORMSER, NEWS-PRESS CORRESPONDENT June 12, is experiencing a green resurgence in a massive mapping network of computerized systems that can save the lives., to Tijuana, Mexico. UCSB and other member institutions of the Southern California Coastal Ocean Observing

  17. Advanced Developments and Applications of the Fuzzy ARTMAP Neural Network in Pattern

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lerner, Boaz

    Advanced Developments and Applications of the Fuzzy ARTMAP Neural Network in Pattern Classification-Gurion University, Beer-Sheva 84105, Israel Abstract. Since its inception in 1992, the fuzzy ARTMAP (FAM) neural network (NN) has attracted researchers' attention as a fast, accurate, off and online pattern classifier

  18. Development of software architecture for environmental monitoring using wireless sensor networks

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hari, Piyush

    2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    In this thesis, I describe the development of the software architecture for temperature monitoring using Wireless Sensor Networks (WSN). The goal of the software is to provide a means to remotely monitor and analyze ...

  19. The Development of a Synthesis Approach for Optimal Design of Seawater Reverse Osmosis Desalination Networks 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Alnouri, Sabla

    2012-10-19T23:59:59.000Z

    on the developed representation, by accounting for detailed water quality information, within the SWRO desalination network optimization problem. The superstructures were modified to incorporate models that capture the performance of common membrane elements...

  20. Development of an Event Detection System Based on a Wireless Sensor Network 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bermingham, Louise

    2011-08-10T23:59:59.000Z

    The focus of this research is to develop an event detection system for groundwater flooding. The groundwater monitoring infrastructure is based on a Wireless Sensor Network, which can often lead to corrupted data values. The event detection system...

  1. Development of neural network calibration algorithms for multi-port pressure probes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kinser Robert Eric

    1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The development of an enhanced neural network training algorithm and program for the calibration of velocity measurement instrumentation is presented. The backpropagation-based program, PROBENET, is intended to be a robust self learning code...

  2. Functional Clustering Drives Encoding Improvement in a Developing Brain Network during Awake Visual Learning

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dunfield, Derek

    Sensory experience drives dramatic structural and functional plasticity in developing neurons. However, for single-neuron plasticity to optimally improve whole-network encoding of sensory information, changes must be ...

  3. advanced component development: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    value of, our timber resourceDevelopment Timber Development Programme 2007 - 2010 12;2 | Timber Development Programme 2007 316 Adaptation of Black-Box Software Components CERN...

  4. analysis development test: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    sustainable evolutionary development of web Zhu, Hong 17 Development and Testing of Hydrogen Storage System(s) Renewable Energy Websites Summary: Development and Testing of...

  5. analysis network sevan: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Francesco Keywords: Knowledge Base, Social Network Analysis, Variety, Coherence, Industry lifecycles; exploration network analysis (SNA) within an evolutionary framework, to...

  6. Assessing Network Applications for Economic Development Sustainable Access in Rural India (SARI) Project

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gabrieli, John

    Assessing Network Applications for Economic Development Sustainable Access in Rural India (SARI Department of Electric Engineering MIT Media Laboratory- eDevelopment Group #12;SUSTAINABLE ACCESS IN RURAL) Project Pilot Phase Assessment ­ Madurai District, Tamil Nadu, India Professor Michael Best Director, eDevelopment

  7. Machine Learning Research Group Working Paper 91-2 Refining Algorithms with Knowledge-Based Neural Networks

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shavlik, Jude W.

    Networks: Improving the Chou-Fasman Algorithm for Protein Folding* Richard Maclin Jude W. Shavlik Computer-Fasman algorithm, a method for predicting how globular proteins fold. The Chou-Fasman algorithm cannot be elegantly and discuss the need for better definitions of solution quality for the protein-folding problem. 1

  8. Using Knowledge-Based Neural Networks to Improve Algorithms: Refining the Chou-Fasman Algorithm for Protein Folding

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Maclin, Rich

    for Protein Folding Richard Maclin Jude W. Shavlik Computer Sciences Dept. University of Wisconsin 1210 W learning Theory refinement Neural networks Finite-state automata Protein folding Chou-Fasman algorithm-Fasman algorithm, a method for predicting how globular proteins fold. Empirical evidence shows

  9. agr fuel development: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Spring term 2013 (TB2) Mathematics Websites Summary: ) Political Economy of fossil fuel subsidies in developing countries Climate Change & Development Thurs 7th Simon Bolivar,...

  10. affects social development: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Open Access Theses and Dissertations Summary: ??Sport for Development (SFD) uses the power of sport to support international development initiatives that affect social change...

  11. artificial heart development: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    natural breath hold is well developed in neonates (Castellini Burns, Jennifer M. 8 Alan Turing and the development of Artificial Intelligence Computer Technologies and...

  12. application development system: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    21 22 23 24 25 Next Page Last Page Topic Index 1 Development and application of earth system models Environmental Sciences and Ecology Websites Summary: Development and...

  13. antiepileptic drug development: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    of drug design and development Bommarius Reading Jan 15 Tutorial Sherrill, David 28 Assessing the impact of tumor evolution on oncology drug development and commercialization MIT...

  14. The Knowledge Based Bio-Economy at work: from large scale experiences to instruments for rural and local development G. Henry and E.J. Trigo

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    The Knowledge Based Bio-Economy at work: from large scale experiences to instruments for rural BIO-ECONOMY AT WORK: FROM LARGE SCALE EXPERIENCES TO INSTRUMENTS FOR RURAL AND LOCAL DEVELOPMENT Guy Email: ejtrigo@gmail.com Abstract - The new bio-economy is increasingly seen as a workable alternative

  15. Reproduced with permission of the copyright owner. Further reproduction prohibited without permission. Practical Guidelines for Developing BP Neural Network Models of Measurement U...

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Smith, Alice E.

    permission. Practical Guidelines for Developing BP Neural Network Models of Measurement U... Chang-Xue Jack

  16. Knowledge assistant for robotic environmental characterization

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Feddema, J.; Rivera, J.; Tucker, S.; Matek, J.

    1996-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A prototype sensor fusion framework called the {open_quotes}Knowledge Assistant{close_quotes} has been developed and tested on a gantry robot at Sandia National Laboratories. This Knowledge Assistant guides the robot operator during the planning, execution, and post analysis stages of the characterization process. During the planning stage, the Knowledge Assistant suggests robot paths and speeds based on knowledge of sensors available and their physical characteristics. During execution, the Knowledge Assistant coordinates the collection of data through a data acquisition {open_quotes}specialist.{close_quotes} During execution and postanalysis, the Knowledge Assistant sends raw data to other {open_quotes}specialists,{close_quotes} which include statistical pattern recognition software, a neural network, and model-based search software. After the specialists return their results, the Knowledge Assistant consolidates the information and returns a report to the robot control system where the sensed objects and their attributes (e.g., estimated dimensions, weight, material composition, etc.) are displayed in the world model. This report highlights the major components of this system.

  17. Development of a Wireless Sensor Network for Monitoring a Bioreactor Landfill Asis Nasipuri,1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nasipuri, Asis

    1 Development of a Wireless Sensor Network for Monitoring a Bioreactor Landfill Asis Nasipuri,1 (704) 687 6953; email: vogunro@uncc.edu Abstract Recent studies of aerobic bioreactors have of the temperature and moisture in the bioreactor. This work presents the development and implementation

  18. aexs instrument development: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    interferometer Ohta, Shigemi 2 Development of Models for Optical Instrument Transformers. Open Access Theses and Dissertations Summary: ??Optical Instrument Transformers...

  19. achieves development milestones: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Approach Administrative Outcome Approach Most environmental indicators have of a specific project. Heinz Center is a leader in developing and using environmental indicators Human...

  20. antenna development project: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    achieving sufficient antenna Elsherbeni, Atef Z. 4 Design and development of novel fractal antennas for wireless applications; -. Open Access Theses and Dissertations Summary:...

  1. architects developing scientific: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Eliminate 40 Review Developments in the scientific and clinical understanding of gout CiteSeer Summary: Gout is the most common form of inflammatory arthritis in the...

  2. adipose tissue development: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Elizabeth J. 1988-01-01 3 Factors controlling brown adipose tissue development D. RICQUIER, G. MORY, F. BOUILLAUD, Michle COMBES-GEORGE Computer Technologies and...

  3. advanced process development: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    present several guidelines for tutorial development and implementation in upper-division physics classrooms. Baily, Charles; Pollock, Steven J 2013-01-01 3 Advancing Continuing...

  4. applicability developing status: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    for the STATE OF MONTANA DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION RESEARCH, DEVELOPMENT, AND TECHNOLOGY TRANSFER PROGRAM Transportation Institute Civil Engineering Department Montana State...

  5. abnormal root development: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    standards. Furthermore, they are presented with a vision Wang, Changlu 32 1 A COMPARATIVE ANALYSIS OF MULTIVARIATE VALUE AT RISK MODELS: EVIDENCE FROM DEVELOPED AND EMERGING...

  6. assessment tool development: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    complicated Brom, Cyril 159 Researchers develop new search tool to help fight child porn, catch cyber Computer Technologies and Information Sciences Websites Summary:...

  7. asian developing countries: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Countries January 1991 Physics Websites Summary: Citation: U.S. Congress, Office of Technology Assessment, Energy in Developing Countries, OTA-E-486: Energy and Technology in...

  8. aqueous base developable: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    24 25 Next Page Last Page Topic Index 41 Community-Based Associations for Sustainable Tourism Development. Open Access Theses and Dissertations Summary: ?? Community-Based Tourism...

  9. asian economic development: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    water legislation, wider choice of irrigation systems and development of more marginal water supply sites. Historically, growers often made irrigation decisions based on...

  10. aids vaccine development: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    images (WSIs). Currently, histopathological analysis is a (more) Kothari, Sonal 2013-01-01 95 Empowering Women through Development Aid: Evidence from a Field Experiment in...

  11. aspen model development: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Brian Scassellati 2001-01-01 119 Development of Models for Optical Instrument Transformers. Open Access Theses and Dissertations Summary: ??Optical Instrument Transformers...

  12. accident development modeling: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Brian Scassellati 2001-01-01 87 Development of Models for Optical Instrument Transformers. Open Access Theses and Dissertations Summary: ??Optical Instrument Transformers...

  13. annual technology development: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Technology Development 14 RESEARCH IN FISHERY TECHNOLOGY Annual Report -East Boston Laboratory Environmental Sciences and Ecology Websites Summary: RESEARCH IN FISHERY TECHNOLOGY...

  14. activities continued development: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    organizations MIT - DSpace Summary: The unequal distribution of climate change impacts exploits the existing vulnerabilities of developing nations. This inequity, coupled...

  15. area development plans: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Ecology Websites Summary: -CDQ directed pollock fishery in the AI subarea to the Aleut Corporation for the purpose of economic development in the Aleutian Islands subarea (AI)....

  16. area development plan: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Ecology Websites Summary: -CDQ directed pollock fishery in the AI subarea to the Aleut Corporation for the purpose of economic development in the Aleutian Islands subarea (AI)....

  17. agile product development: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    task as the corresponding practices Schneider, Jean-Guy 13 Agile Testing: Past, Present, and Future Charting a Systematic Map of Testing in Agile Software Development...

  18. architecture seed development: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    reforestation that originates within a restricted geographic area Hamann, Andreas 35 Graeber et al. 2013 -Roles of Lepidium Seed Dormancy Genes 1 Spatio-temporal Seed Development...

  19. advanced sorbent development: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    save energy in industrial processes. The approach has emphasized developing better heat pump technology and transferring that technology to the private sector. DOE requires that...

  20. advanced pubertal development: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    save energy in industrial processes. The approach has emphasized developing better heat pump technology and transferring that technology to the private sector. DOE requires that...

  1. artery risk development: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Stephan 33 Risk Assessment For Spreadsheet Developments: Choosing Which Models to Audit CERN Preprints Summary: Errors in spreadsheet applications and models are alarmingly...

  2. antimalarial drug development: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    the solubility data supporting intended decision-making? 12;Tablet Tipple, Brett 30 Assessing the impact of tumor evolution on oncology drug development and commercialization MIT...

  3. antidepressant drug development: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    the solubility data supporting intended decision-making? 12;Tablet Tipple, Brett 39 Assessing the impact of tumor evolution on oncology drug development and commercialization MIT...

  4. avoiding drug development: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    the solubility data supporting intended decision-making? 12;Tablet Tipple, Brett 23 Assessing the impact of tumor evolution on oncology drug development and commercialization MIT...

  5. asphalt technology development: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    asphalt technology development First Page Previous Page 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 Next Page Last Page Topic Index 1 Development and...

  6. Foundations of Artificial Intelligence Knowledge Acquisition

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Qu, Rong

    knowledge acquisition and knowledge engineering. To explain how knowledge is taken from a human before being against the original statement. Knowledge Acquisition The field of knowledge engineering can be defined Engineering Problem assessment Data and knowledge acquisition Bottleneck Development of a prototype system

  7. agt technology development: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Narayanan-Water and Governance, Development Theory N. Shah-Food, Agriculture and Agro-Industry Milind Sohoni-Water, Rural systems Sohoni, Milind 368 "A Catalyst for Technology Led...

  8. activated carbon developed: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    19 20 21 22 23 24 25 Next Page Last Page Topic Index 1 Development of a carbon fibre composite active mirror: Design and testing CERN Preprints Summary: Carbon fibre composite...

  9. affect neurological development: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    based on observed differences in family history between patients developing their first illness before the age of 40 yrs.the depressive spectrum disease; and after the age of...

  10. advanced turbine development: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    our progress to date toward Firestone, Jeremy 6 Lessons Learnt from the Ultra-Micro Gas Turbine Development at University of Tokyo CiteSeer Summary: The outcome of NEDO...

  11. arnold engineering development: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Wu, J. 2014-01-01 283 Development of a catalytic combustion system for the MIT Micro Gas Turbine Engine MIT - DSpace Summary: As part of the MIT micro-gas turbine engine...

  12. alpha cell development: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    being catalyst. The range of fuels has further been extended to include ethanol and coal syn-gas by development 206 alphas and the tau hadronic width HEP - Phenomenology (arXiv)...

  13. Improving the efficiency of research and development using belief networks

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yost, Keith A

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Within the past thirty years, the U.S. government has spent over three trillion dollars supporting research and development projects across its various federal agencies. There is a considerable, long-standing need to ...

  14. arabidopsis seed development: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Mehdi Khafif; Christophe Riondet; A Michel Droux; Graldine Bonnard; Yves Meyera A 39 Graeber et al. 2013 -Roles of Lepidium Seed Dormancy Genes 1 Spatio-temporal Seed Development...

  15. arabidopsis seed development1: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    labeled with a lab test from an official state seed laboratory Behmer, Spencer T. 492 Graeber et al. 2013 -Roles of Lepidium Seed Dormancy Genes 1 Spatio-temporal Seed Development...

  16. approach method development: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 Next Page Last Page Topic Index 181 Teaching spreadsheet development using peer audit and self-audit methods for reducing error CERN...

  17. Development of Fast-Running Simulation Methodology Using Neural Networks for Load Follow Operation

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Seong, Seung-Hwan [Korea Atomic Energy Research Institute (Korea, Republic of); Park, Heui-Youn [Korea Atomic Energy Research Institute (Korea, Republic of); Kim, Dong-Hoon [Korea Atomic Energy Research Institute (Korea, Republic of); Suh, Yong-Suk [Korea Atomic Energy Research Institute (Korea, Republic of); Hur, Seop [Korea Atomic Energy Research Institute (Korea, Republic of); Koo, In-Soo [Korea Atomic Energy Research Institute (Korea, Republic of); Lee, Un-Chul [Seoul National University (Korea, Republic of); Jang, Jin-Wook [Seoul National University (Korea, Republic of); Shin, Yong-Chul [Yonsei University (Korea, Republic of)

    2002-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

    A new fast-running analytic model has been developed for analyzing the load follow operation. The new model was based on the neural network theory, which has the capability of modeling the input/output relationships of a nonlinear system. The new model is made up of two error back-propagation neural networks and procedures to calculate core parameters, such as the distributions and density of xenon in a quasi-steady-state core like load follow operation. One neural network is designed to retrieve the axial offset of power distribution, and the other is for reactivity corresponding to a given core condition. The training data sets for learning the neural networks in the new model are generated with a three-dimensional nodal code and, also, the measured data of the first-day test of load follow operation. Using the new model, the simulation results of the 5-day load follow test in a pressurized water reactor show a good agreement between the simulation data and the actual measured data. Required computing time for simulating a load follow operation is comparable to that of a fast-running lumped model. Moreover, the new model does not require additional engineering factors to compensate for the difference between the actual measurements and analysis results because the neural network has the inherent learning capability of neural networks to new situations.

  18. advanced technology development: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    advanced technology development First Page Previous Page 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 Next Page Last Page Topic Index 1 Portfolio evaluation of...

  19. activities developing technology: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    activities developing technology First Page Previous Page 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 Next Page Last Page Topic Index 1 Active Pixel Xray...

  20. accelerator technology developments: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    accelerator technology developments First Page Previous Page 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 Next Page Last Page Topic Index 1 A EUROPEAN ADVANCED...

  1. alternative energy development: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    alternative energy development First Page Previous Page 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 Next Page Last Page Topic Index 1 Alternative Energy...

  2. antibody test development: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    antibody test development First Page Previous Page 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 Next Page Last Page Topic Index 1 ANTIBODIES* CiteSeer Summary:...

  3. advanced materials development: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    materials development First Page Previous Page 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 Next Page Last Page Topic Index 1 Advanced batteries : material...

  4. adolescent brain development: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    adolescent brain development First Page Previous Page 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 Next Page Last Page Topic Index 1 NEW UNDERSTANDING OF...

  5. DEVELOPMENT AND APPLICATION OF A NETWORK-BASED SHARED AUTOMATED VEHICLE MODEL IN AUSTIN, TEXAS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kockelman, Kara M.

    DEVELOPMENT AND APPLICATION OF A NETWORK-BASED SHARED AUTOMATED VEHICLE MODEL IN AUSTIN, TEXAS automated vehicle (SAV), combining features of short term rentals with the vehicles' powerful automated self. INTRODUCTION Vehicle automation appears poised to revolutionize the way in which we interface

  6. Design and Development of an Artificial Neural Network for Estimation of Formation Permeability

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mohaghegh, Shahab

    SPE 28237 Design and Development of an Artificial Neural Network for Estimation of Formation and measuring their oldest practices for estimating the formation permeability. Coring every well in a large, especially in fields with hundreds of wells, requires a large amount of capital. In a heterogeneous field

  7. Using Bayesian Network to Develop Drilling Expert Systems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Alyami, Abdullah

    2012-10-19T23:59:59.000Z

    software. 3 Different types of cements are used in drilling and completion operations to: • Isolate zones by preventing fluids immigration between formations • Support and bond casings • Protect casing from corrosive environments • Seal and hold... well quality in deepwater environment such as caliper desirability, trajectory, skin factor and average drilling speed. Sorted well data from a global drilling database and drilling experience were gathered to develop a set of well quality metrics...

  8. Development of PUNDA (Parametric Universal Nonlinear Dynamics Approximator) Models for Self-Validating Knowledge-Guided Modelling of Nonlinear Processes in Particle Accelerators \\& Industry

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Sayyar-Rodsari, Bijan; Schweiger, Carl; Hartman, Eric

    2007-10-07T23:59:59.000Z

    The difficult problems being tackled in the accelerator community are those that are nonlinear, substantially unmodeled, and vary over time. Such problems are ideal candidates for model-based optimization and control if representative models of the problem can be developed that capture the necessary mathematical relations and remain valid throughout the operation region of the system, and through variations in system dynamics. The goal of this proposal is to develop the methodology and the algorithms for building high-fidelity mathematical representations of complex nonlinear systems via constrained training of combined first-principles and neural network models.

  9. Development of a Portable Wireless Sensor Network to Enhance Post-Occupancy Commissioning

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Noye,S.; North,R.; Fisk, D.

    2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    -site Commissioning • Balancing • Setting to work • Compliance • Health and safety ESL-IC-14-09-22a Proceedings of the 14th International Conference for Enhanced Building Operations, Beijing, China, September 14-17, 2014 8Systems deliver comfort at low energy cost... 1 Development of a Portable Wireless Sensor Network to Enhance Post-Occupancy Commissioning Sarah Noye1 PhD candidate Dr. Robin North Lecturer Prof. David Fisk Professor Laing O’Rourke Centre for System Engineering and Innovation...

  10. Development of flow network analysis code for block type VHTR core by linear theory method

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Lee, J. H.; Yoon, S. J. [Dept. of Nuclear Engr., Seoul National Univ., Daehak-dong, Gwanak-gu, Seoul, 151-742 (Korea, Republic of); Park, J. W. [Dept. of Nuclear and Energy Engr, Dongguk Univ., Seokjang-Dong, Gyeongju, Gyeongsangbuk-Do, 780-714 (Korea, Republic of); Park, G. C. [Dept. of Nuclear Engr., Seoul National Univ., Daehak-dong, Gwanak-gu, Seoul, 151-742 (Korea, Republic of)

    2012-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    VHTR (Very High Temperature Reactor) is high-efficiency nuclear reactor which is capable of generating hydrogen with high temperature of coolant. PMR (Prismatic Modular Reactor) type reactor consists of hexagonal prismatic fuel blocks and reflector blocks. The flow paths in the prismatic VHTR core consist of coolant holes, bypass gaps and cross gaps. Complicated flow paths are formed in the core since the coolant holes and bypass gap are connected by the cross gap. Distributed coolant was mixed in the core through the cross gap so that the flow characteristics could not be modeled as a simple parallel pipe system. It requires lot of effort and takes very long time to analyze the core flow with CFD analysis. Hence, it is important to develop the code for VHTR core flow which can predict the core flow distribution fast and accurate. In this study, steady state flow network analysis code is developed using flow network algorithm. Developed flow network analysis code was named as FLASH code and it was validated with the experimental data and CFD simulation results. (authors)

  11. Digital Music Research UK Roadmap www.dmrn.org/roadmap Developed by the Digital Music Research Network 1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Miranda, Eduardo Reck

    Digital Music Research ­ UK Roadmap www.dmrn.org/roadmap Developed by the Digital Music Research the development of knowledge and the development of the field. The DMRN Roadmap project made two surveys recognition of audio; machine recognition of music) #12;Digital Music Research ­ UK Roadmap www.dmrn.org/roadmap

  12. Network knowledge and route choice

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ramming, Michael Scott

    2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Models of urban traveler route choice are reviewed in the context of Intelligent Transportation Systems, particularly Advanced Traveler Information S ystems. Existing models suffer from assumptions of perfect information ...

  13. Computer Supporting Diaspora Knowledge Networks

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Turner, William

    ; Gerhardt, Nadia; Siciliano, Florencia; Rosa Marano, Maria] Univ Nacl Rosario, Inst Biol Mol & Celular Biol Mol & Celular Rosario, CONICET, Fac Ciencias Bioquim & Farmaceut,Area Virol, RA-2000 Rosario

  14. Feedstock Production Datasets from the Bioenergy Knowledge Discovery Framework

    DOE Data Explorer [Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)]

    The Bioenergy Knowledge Discovery Framework invites users to discover the power of bioenergy through an interface that provides extensive access to research data and literature, GIS mapping tools, and collaborative networks. The Bioenergy KDF supports efforts to develop a robust and sustainable bioenergy industry. The KDF facilitates informed decision making by providing a means to synthesize, analyze, and visualize vast amounts of information in a relevant and succinct manner. It harnesses Web 2.0 and social networking technologies to build a collective knowledge system that can better examine the economic and environmental impacts of development options for biomass feedstock production, biorefineries, and related infrastructure. [copied from https://www.bioenergykdf.net/content/about] Holdings include datasets, models, and maps and the collections are growing due to both DOE contributions and data uploads from individuals.

  15. Biofuel Distribution Datasets from the Bioenergy Knowledge Discovery Framework

    DOE Data Explorer [Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)]

    The Bioenergy Knowledge Discovery Framework invites users to discover the power of bioenergy through an interface that provides extensive access to research data and literature, GIS mapping tools, and collaborative networks. The Bioenergy KDF supports efforts to develop a robust and sustainable bioenergy industry. The KDF facilitates informed decision making by providing a means to synthesize, analyze, and visualize vast amounts of information in a relevant and succinct manner. It harnesses Web 2.0 and social networking technologies to build a collective knowledge system that can better examine the economic and environmental impacts of development options for biomass feedstock production, biorefineries, and related infrastructure. [copied from https://www.bioenergykdf.net/content/about] Holdings include datasets, models, and maps and the collections are growing due to both DOE contributions and individuals' data uploads.

  16. Biofuel Production Datasets from DOE's Bioenergy Knowledge Discovery Framework (KDF)

    DOE Data Explorer [Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)]

    The Bioenergy Knowledge Discovery Framework invites users to discover the power of bioenergy through an interface that provides extensive access to research data and literature, GIS mapping tools, and collaborative networks. The Bioenergy KDF supports efforts to develop a robust and sustainable bioenergy industry. The KDF facilitates informed decision making by providing a means to synthesize, analyze, and visualize vast amounts of information in a relevant and succinct manner. It harnesses Web 2.0 and social networking technologies to build a collective knowledge system that can better examine the economic and environmental impacts of development options for biomass feedstock production, biorefineries, and related infrastructure. [copied from https://www.bioenergykdf.net/content/about]

    Holdings include datasets, models, and maps and the collections arel growing due to both DOE contributions and data uploads from individuals.

  17. Feedstock Logistics Datasets from DOE's Bioenergy Knowledge Discovery Framework (KDF)

    DOE Data Explorer [Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)]

    The Bioenergy Knowledge Discovery Framework invites users to discover the power of bioenergy through an interface that provides extensive access to research data and literature, GIS mapping tools, and collaborative networks. The Bioenergy KDF supports efforts to develop a robust and sustainable bioenergy industry. The KDF facilitates informed decision making by providing a means to synthesize, analyze, and visualize vast amounts of information in a relevant and succinct manner. It harnesses Web 2.0 and social networking technologies to build a collective knowledge system that can better examine the economic and environmental impacts of development options for biomass feedstock production, biorefineries, and related infrastructure. Holdings include datasets, models, and maps. [from https://www.bioenergykdf.net/content/about

  18. DEVELOPMENT OF A SENSOR NETWORK TEST BED FOR ISD MATERIALS AND STRUCUTRAL CONDITION MONITORING

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Zeigler, K.; Ferguson, B.; Karapatakis, D.; Herbst, C.; Stripling, C.

    2011-07-06T23:59:59.000Z

    The P Reactor at the Savannah River Site is one of the first reactor facilities in the US DOE complex that has been placed in its end state through in situ decommissioning (ISD). The ISD end state consists of a grout-filled concrete civil structure within the concrete frame of the original building. To evaluate the feasibility and utility of remote sensors to provide verification of ISD system conditions and performance characteristics, an ISD Sensor Network Test Bed has been designed and deployed at the Savannah River National Laboratory. The test bed addresses the DOE-EM Technology Need to develop a remote monitoring system to determine and verify ISD system performance. Commercial off-the-shelf sensors have been installed on concrete blocks taken from walls of the P Reactor Building. Deployment of this low-cost structural monitoring system provides hands-on experience with sensor networks. The initial sensor system consists of: (1) Groutable thermistors for temperature and moisture monitoring; (2) Strain gauges for crack growth monitoring; (3) Tiltmeters for settlement monitoring; and (4) A communication system for data collection. Preliminary baseline data and lessons learned from system design and installation and initial field testing will be utilized for future ISD sensor network development and deployment.

  19. The development of a signal processing network for a real-time Arctic sea ice classification system

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nordhaus, William D

    1973-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    THE DEVELOPMENT OF A SIGNAL PROCESSING NETWORK FOR A REAL-TIME ARCTIC SEA ICE CLASSIFICATION SYSTEM A Thesis by WILLIAM DOUGLAS NORDHAUS Submitted to the Graduate College of Texas A)M University in partial fulfillment of the requirement... for the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE August 1973 Major Subject: Electrical Engineering THE DEVELOPMENT OF A SIGNAL PROCESSING NETWORK FOR A REAL-TIME ARCTIC SEA ICE CLASSIFICATION SYSTEM A Thesis by William Douglas Nordhaus Approved as to style...

  20. Digital Music Research UK Roadmap www.dmrn.org/roadmap Developed by the Digital Music Research Network 1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Miranda, Eduardo Reck

    Digital Music Research ­ UK Roadmap www.dmrn.org/roadmap Developed by the Digital Music Research ­ UK Roadmap www.dmrn.org/roadmap Developed by the Digital Music Research Network 2 includes weightings are. Neither is it #12;Digital Music Research ­ UK Roadmap www.dmrn.org/roadmap Developed

  1. A Knowledge-Engine Architecture for a Competence Management Information

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kimble, Chris

    A Knowledge-Engine Architecture for a Competence Management Information System José Braga de to develop a knowledge-engine architecture that is being specified and developed by a Portuguese software Engineering, Knowledge Management, Knowledge-Engine, Ontology Design, Organizational Knowledge #12;A Knowledge-Engine

  2. Designing Wireless Sensor Networks as a Shared Resource for Sustainable Development

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    J. Kaiser. High wireless sensor network for long-term, in-Designing Wireless Sensor Networks as a Shared Resource forAbstract Introduction Wireless sensor networks (WSNs) are a

  3. Development of a Portable Wireless Sensor Network to Enhance Post-Occupancy Commissioning 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Noye,S.; North,R.; Fisk, D.

    2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    -cost data for pop-up monitoring™ • Initial characterisation test on low power sensors show suitable accuracy and the ability to detect relevant building properties for commissioning • Deployment on major project this autumn Thank you for your attention... on the availability of a low-cost set of appropriate data. This paper presents the initial development phase of a pop-up monitoringTM toolkit using a wireless sensor network system to perform commissioning during the initial year of occupation of a building...

  4. Securing against fraud in mobile communications : system design and development in 3G mobile networks

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mochizuki, Yujiro, 1973-

    2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Network security ensures the consistency, integrity, and reliability of telecommunications systems. Authorized network access prevents fraudulent communications and maintains the availability of the systems. However, limited ...

  5. Improving Cyber-Security of Smart Grid Systems via Anomaly Detection and Linguistic Domain Knowledge

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ondrej Linda; Todd Vollmer; Milos Manic

    2012-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The planned large scale deployment of smart grid network devices will generate a large amount of information exchanged over various types of communication networks. The implementation of these critical systems will require appropriate cyber-security measures. A network anomaly detection solution is considered in this work. In common network architectures multiple communications streams are simultaneously present, making it difficult to build an anomaly detection solution for the entire system. In addition, common anomaly detection algorithms require specification of a sensitivity threshold, which inevitably leads to a tradeoff between false positives and false negatives rates. In order to alleviate these issues, this paper proposes a novel anomaly detection architecture. The designed system applies the previously developed network security cyber-sensor method to individual selected communication streams allowing for learning accurate normal network behavior models. Furthermore, the developed system dynamically adjusts the sensitivity threshold of each anomaly detection algorithm based on domain knowledge about the specific network system. It is proposed to model this domain knowledge using Interval Type-2 Fuzzy Logic rules, which linguistically describe the relationship between various features of the network communication and the possibility of a cyber attack. The proposed method was tested on experimental smart grid system demonstrating enhanced cyber-security.

  6. Situation and Perspective of Knowledge Engineering

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Staab, Steffen

    Situation and Perspective of Knowledge Engineering Rudi Studer1 , Stefan Decker2 , Dieter Fensel3, The Netherlands dieter@cs.vu.nl Abstract. Knowledge Engineering was in the past primarily concerned with building and developing knowledge-based systems, an objective which puts Knowledge Engineering in a niche of the world

  7. Category 1: Epistemology (EPIST) Scientific knowledge is the most objective form of knowledge.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cobern, William W.

    ) Science helps develop our natural resources such as coal, gas, oil, and solar energy. Scientific knowledge today because of scientific knowledge. The development of our natural resources, such as coal, gas, oil knowledge is the truest form of knowledge. Alpha = 0.7475 Category 2: Scientific & the Economy (ECON

  8. Better Knowledge Management Through Knowledge Engineering

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Preece, Alun

    Better Knowledge Management Through Knowledge Engineering: A Case Study in Drilling Optimisation. The paper presents a case study in which knowledge engineering practices are being used to support knowledge the term knowledge management has been used to describe the efforts of organisations to capture, store

  9. A publish-subscribe implementation of network management

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Simosa, Jorge D. (Jorge David)

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    As modern networks become highly integrated, heterogeneous, and experience exponential growth, the task of network management becomes increasingly unmanageable for network administrators and designers. The Knowledge Plane ...

  10. A Publish-Subscribe Implementation of Network Management

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Simosa, Jorge D.

    2013-06-04T23:59:59.000Z

    As modern networks become highly integrated, heterogeneous, and experience exponential growth, the task of network management becomes increasingly unmanageable for network administrators and designers. The Knowledge Plane ...

  11. CHAPTER 5 KNOWLEDGE BASE ISSUES 5.1 Introduction

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    O'Connor, Rory

    areas of knowledge engineering and knowledge representation are introduced, and the issues of choosing are investigated. 5.2 Knowledge Engineering The term Knowledge Engineering is now commonly used to describe the process of Knowledge Based System (KBS) development. Knowledge engineering includes [Smith, 96

  12. A cooperation model and demand-oriented ICT Infrastructure for SME Development and Production Networks in the field of Microsystem

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyer, Edmond

    A cooperation model and demand-oriented ICT Infrastructure for SME Development and Production of Small Medium Enterprises (SME) in this branch refers to organizational issues, arising from the specific SME´s lack of sufficient human resources and an effective management of cross company knowledge about

  13. Distributed Broadcasting and Mapping Protocols in Directed Anonymous Networks

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bruck, Jehoshua (Shuki)

    Distributed Broadcasting and Mapping Protocols in Directed Anonymous Networks Michael Langberg is to create distributed protocols that reduce the uncertainty by distributing the knowledge of the network anonymous networks. Keywords: Anonymous networks, directed networks, distributed protocols. 1 Introduction

  14. Knowledge Capture and Transfer Program

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The Office of Learning and Workforce Development is working with Heads of Departmental Elements, DOE senior leaders and subject-matter-experts to capture and transfer the knowledge and experiences...

  15. International Assistance for Low-Emission Development Planning: Coordinated Low Emissions Assistance Network (CLEAN) Inventory of Activities and Tools--Preliminary Trends

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Cox, S.; Benioff, R.

    2011-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The Coordinated Low Emissions Assistance Network (CLEAN) is a voluntary network of international practitioners supporting low-emission planning in developing countries. The network seeks to improve quality of support through sharing project information, tools, best practices and lessons, and by fostering harmonized assistance. CLEAN has developed an inventory to track and analyze international technical support and tools for low-carbon planning activities in developing countries. This paper presents a preliminary analysis of the inventory to help identify trends in assistance activities and tools available to support developing countries with low-emission planning.

  16. DesignMinders: Preserving and Sharing Informal Software Design Knowledge

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    van der Hoek, André

    DesignMinders: Preserving and Sharing Informal Software Design Knowledge Gerald Bortis and André knowledge. For example, knowledge management systems that allow developers to populate and search, andre}@ics.uci.edu Abstract. Software design is a knowledge-intensive activity. Knowledge is both

  17. Developing an Enhanced Framework for Networking and Cooperation in Rd and D for Radioactive Waste Disposal in The European Union (Eu)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Raynal, M.; Webster, S. [Directorate-General for Research and Technological Development, European Commission, Brussels (Belgium)

    2007-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Management of radioactive waste is a priority area of research in the 6. EURATOM Framework Programme (2002-2006) and geological disposal of spent fuel and high-level long-lived nuclear waste is a key topic within this priority area. The ongoing programme is a culmination of previous European Union-supported projects, and maintains continuity with previous research activities efforts in this field. Investment in knowledge has become a priority for the EU's objectives of growth, competitiveness and sustainability. Not only should the scale and impact of investment in research and innovation be increased for Europe to strengthen its position as technologically advanced economy but it is also recognised that there is significant added value in coordinating activities at the European level. In particular, there is a need for more in-depth coordination between the respective efforts in EU Member States in the field of management of radioactive waste, and to develop a model of sustainable networking that could improve the cooperation on RD and D on geological disposal among the main stakeholders. The CARD initiative described in this paper is a one-year project that started in November 2006 to investigate whether the Technology Platform model, a concept that has been widely taken up by a range of R and D sectors in Europe, is applicable to the nuclear waste community and how it can be used to improve the effectiveness of future research in the 7. EURATOM Framework Programme (2007-2011) and in following Framework Programmes. (authors)

  18. competency Course Objective 1 1a, 5a, 5b Apply appropriate knowledge developed from critically relevant, concensus based literature to the delivery of surgical care.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Myers, Lawrence C.

    , palliative care, pain management, medical legal issues and substance abuse. 4 1f, 3c of surgical care. 2 1c, 1d, 5c, 5d Apply current clinical and translational sciences in the delivery of surgical care of the patient. 3 1e Recognize and define knowledge

  19. A bridge between worlds: understanding network structure to understand change strategy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Daly, Alan J.; Finnigan, Kara S.

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    and knowledge networks district administrators had highercentral of?ce administrator networks are more rare and2005). Multiple networks of public school administrators: An

  20. Development and application of mass-balanced ecological network models for kelp forest ecosystems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Beas, Rodrigo

    2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Ecological network models for kelp forest ecosystems . . 1.23 Ecosystem-wide e?ects of giant kelp, Macrocystis pyrifera,3.2.6 Characterization of giant kelp biomass density

  1. The promiscuity of freedom : development and governance in the age of neoliberal networks

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chan, Anita Say

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This study brings together science and technology studies, political anthropology, and Latin American studies, by studying the practices and political reasoning of neoliberal networks in Peru. It analyses the extension of ...

  2. Analysis of global airline alliances as a strategy for international network development

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tugores-García, Antonio, S.M. Massachusetts Institute of Technology

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Since the late 1990s, network airlines worldwide have being enrolling in one of the three current Global Airline Alliances (GALs), oneworld, Star Alliance and SkyTeam. By 2011, airlines belonging to the three GALs transported ...

  3. Sensor networks for social networks

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Farry, Michael P. (Michael Patrick)

    2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This thesis outlines the development of software that makes use of Bayesian belief networks and signal processing techniques to make meaningful inferences about real-world phenomena using data obtained from sensor networks. ...

  4. Robust automated knowledge capture.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Stevens-Adams, Susan Marie; Abbott, Robert G.; Forsythe, James Chris; Trumbo, Michael Christopher Stefan; Haass, Michael Joseph; Hendrickson, Stacey M. Langfitt

    2011-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This report summarizes research conducted through the Sandia National Laboratories Robust Automated Knowledge Capture Laboratory Directed Research and Development project. The objective of this project was to advance scientific understanding of the influence of individual cognitive attributes on decision making. The project has developed a quantitative model known as RumRunner that has proven effective in predicting the propensity of an individual to shift strategies on the basis of task and experience related parameters. Three separate studies are described which have validated the basic RumRunner model. This work provides a basis for better understanding human decision making in high consequent national security applications, and in particular, the individual characteristics that underlie adaptive thinking.

  5. australasian culex mosquitoes: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Keywords Social Network Analysis, tacit knowledge, knowledge flows 1 Richards, Debbie 319 POPULATION AND COMMUNITY ECOLOGY Temporal and Spatial Synchrony of Culex...

  6. Development of a simulation model for analysis of MPOA and LANE networks

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kausar, Shafia

    1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    10 LAN Emulation User to Network Interface (LUNI) [Ij LANE Components and Connections 12 MPOA Components MPC Interface 17 18 Multi Protocol Server Components 19 MPOA Target Resolution for Shortcut Setup 21 MPOA Data Flows . 23 10 Flow... Analysis at the Ingress MPC 24 MPOA Network 25 12 Intra-ELAN, Intra-Subnet Communication Intra-ELAN, Inter-Subnet Communication 26 26 14 Intra-ELAN, Inter-Subnet Communication With MPOA 27 15 16 Inter-ELAN, Inter-Subnet Communication Inter...

  7. Biofuel Enduse Datasets from the Bioenergy Knowledge Discovery Framework (KDF)

    DOE Data Explorer [Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)]

    The Bioenergy Knowledge Discovery Framework invites users to discover the power of bioenergy through an interface that provides extensive access to research data and literature, GIS mapping tools, and collaborative networks. The Bioenergy KDF supports efforts to develop a robust and sustainable bioenergy industry. The KDF facilitates informed decision making by providing a means to synthesize, analyze, and visualize vast amounts of information in a relevant and succinct manner. It harnesses Web 2.0 and social networking technologies to build a collective knowledge system that can better examine the economic and environmental impacts of development options for biomass feedstock production, biorefineries, and related infrastructure. [copied from https://www.bioenergykdf.net/content/about]

    Holdings include datasets, models, and maps. This is a very new resource, but the collections will grow due to both DOE contributions and individualsĆ data uploads. Currently the Biofuel Enduse collection includes 133 items. Most of these are categorized as literature, but 36 are listed as datasets and ten as models.

  8. Informedness in Collaborative Networks Through Active Information Provisioning

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    Database Systems 1 Introduction Companies seek to improve their competitive position by collaborating collaborate in different areas such as knowledge sharing and joint product development [1]. It also can with other companies in collaborative networks [2] that are expected to provide many potential benefits

  9. November, 1994 Page 1 MEASURING THE VALUE OF KNOWLEDGE 1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Reich, Yoram

    ). The study of knowledge valuation methods is also motivated by more immediate reasons. The first and most general motivation is related to education and knowledge acquisition: Knowledge valuation methods can help is methodological: Knowledge valuation methods can support the evaluation of systems developed in research

  10. addresses medium-term development: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    in both disembodied and embodied technological change, research & development, and the efficiency of resource utilization. We then develop a model to explain the medium term...

  11. The Development of a Synthesis Approach for Optimal Design of Seawater Reverse Osmosis Desalination Networks

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Alnouri, Sabla

    2012-10-19T23:59:59.000Z

    . Had it not been for my parents, their continuous prayers, and their deep faith in me, I would never have been able to successfully accomplish any of my studies. vii vii NOMENCLATURE I Set of components in the feedwater stream I... splitting node j to outlet reject stream mixer viii viii Total inlet feedwater flowrate into the network Composition of component i in inlet feedwater stream Total composition of dissolved solids in the inlet feedwater stream...

  12. The development of an interactive microcomputer-based system to analyze linear network optimization problems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fowler, John Welsh

    1986-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    AND CONCLUSIONS REFERENCES APPENDICES APPENDIX A ? USER' S MANUAL APPENDIX B ? CODE CHANGES NECESSARY TO PREVENT CYCLING IN THE K SHORTEST PATH PROBLEM VITA 90 92 94 95 110 112 LIST OF TABLES Table DISTANCE MATRIX Page 15 INPUT DATA FOR PLANNING... variety of problems and situations. Network analysis techniques have been used to model transportation systems, communication systems, distribution systems, river systems, precedence ordering of events, computer systems, etc. Phillips and Garcia [1981...

  13. Reasoning About Knowledge Reasoning About Knowledge

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Vardi, Moshe Y.

    Introduction and Overview 1 1.1 The Muddy Children Puzzle . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 1 Knowledge . . . . . . . . . . 23 2.3 The Muddy Children Revisited . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 24 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 127 4.4.4 Perfect Recall . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 128 4.4.5 Message-Passing

  14. Characterization of network traffic on a local area network

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Suravarapu, Prasad Devi

    1995-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    In this thesis we analyze network traffic on a local area network in an academic environment. We analyze the trace based on transport-level and network-level applications. Networks conversations are studied using the newly developed packet...

  15. IGENPRO knowledge-based operator support system.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Morman, J. A.

    1998-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Research and development is being performed on the knowledge-based IGENPRO operator support package for plant transient diagnostics and management to provide operator assistance during off-normal plant transient conditions. A generic thermal-hydraulic (T-H) first-principles approach is being implemented using automated reasoning, artificial neural networks and fuzzy logic to produce a generic T-H system-independent/plant-independent package. The IGENPRO package has a modular structure composed of three modules: the transient trend analysis module PROTREN, the process diagnostics module PRODIAG and the process management module PROMANA. Cooperative research and development work has focused on the PRODIAG diagnostic module of the IGENPRO package and the operator training matrix of transients used at the Braidwood Pressurized Water Reactor station. Promising simulator testing results with PRODIAG have been obtained for the Braidwood Chemical and Volume Control System (CVCS), and the Component Cooling Water System. Initial CVCS test results have also been obtained for the PROTREN module. The PROMANA effort also involves the CVCS. Future work will be focused on the long-term, slow and mild degradation transients where diagnoses of incipient T-H component failure prior to forced outage events is required. This will enhance the capability of the IGENPRO system as a predictive maintenance tool for plant staff and operator support.

  16. ISI Web of Knowledge111 -ISI Web of Knowledge

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ben-Or, Michael

    ­ ISI Web of Knowledge111 © , . , , , . . , . , . . -ISI Web of Knowledge )http:// webofknowledge.com( , , , . . -ISI Web of Knowledge: Web of Science(-1691) , . Biosis Previews(-1661 ) - , , , . MEDLINE(-1611

  17. The implementation of the triple helix model of industry-university-government relations in Puerto Rico to promote knowledge-based regional economic development

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ramos-Maltés, Ana Lorena

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Puerto Rico, an island in the Caribbean, has long sought to develop a high-tech economy and has struggled in the process. Two initiatives, Puerto Rico TechnoEconomic Corridor (PRTEC) and the Eastern Central Technological ...

  18. The effect of imports on export development : a network analytical view of international trade in music

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chu-Shore, Jesse Conan

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    What are the effects of imports on export development? Would low influence from imports provide more opportunity to local producers to develop radically new products that could later be exported as a uniquely local ...

  19. Review: Knowledge and Environmental Policy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Little, Peter C.

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Review: Knowledge and Environmental Policy: Re-Imagining theRobert. Knowledge and Environmental Policy: Re-Imagining thepaperback. Knowledge and Environmental Policy continues the

  20. International Experiences and Frameworks to Support Country-Driven Low-Emissions Development

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Benioff, R.; Cochran, J.; Cox, S.

    2012-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Countries can use low-emission development strategies (LEDS) to advance sustainable development, promote private-sector growth, and reduce greenhouse gas emissions. This paper proposes a framework -- or support infrastructure -- to enable the efficient exchange of LEDS-related knowledge and technical assistance. Under the proposed framework, countries share LEDS-related resources via coordinating forums, 'knowledge platforms,' and networks of experts and investors. The virtual 'knowledge platforms' foster learning by allowing countries to communicate with each other and share technical reports, data, and analysis tools in support of LEDS development. Investing in all elements of the framework in an integrated fashion increases the efficacy of support for country-driven LEDS.

  1. Academic Knowledge Transfer in Social Networks

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Slater, Mark David

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Pinch and Bijker’s “Social Construction of Technology” (Pinch, editors, The Social Construction of Technological Systems: New Directions in the Sociology and History of Technology,Pinch, editors, The Social Construction of Technological Systems: New Directions in the Sociology and History of Technology,

  2. Academic Knowledge Transfer in Social Networks

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Slater, Mark David

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    185 v A Facebook Survey Questions A.1 Intake Survey5.5.3 Framing Facebook . . . . . . . . . 5.5.4 Applicationlong have you been using facebook? 3. How often do you log

  3. Academic Knowledge Transfer in Social Networks

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Slater, Mark David

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    such as news or academic articles, papers, websites) usingsuch as news or academic articles, papers, websites) usingsuch as news or academic articles, papers, websites) using

  4. Academic Knowledge Transfer in Social Networks

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Slater, Mark David

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    REST) Services Tier AccessService RelationshipService UserService LibraryService RelationshipManager UserManager LibraryManager Data Management Tier AccessManager ODBC / JDBC / SQL Other API (

  5. Knowledge Framework Implementation with Multiple Architectures - 13090

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Upadhyay, H.; Lagos, L.; Quintero, W.; Shoffner, P. [Applied Research Center, Florida International University, Miami, FL 33174 (United States)] [Applied Research Center, Florida International University, Miami, FL 33174 (United States); DeGregory, J. [Office of D and D and Facility Engineering, Environmental Management, Department of Energy (United States)] [Office of D and D and Facility Engineering, Environmental Management, Department of Energy (United States)

    2013-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Multiple kinds of knowledge management systems are operational in public and private enterprises, large and small organizations with a variety of business models that make the design, implementation and operation of integrated knowledge systems very difficult. In recent days, there has been a sweeping advancement in the information technology area, leading to the development of sophisticated frameworks and architectures. These platforms need to be used for the development of integrated knowledge management systems which provides a common platform for sharing knowledge across the enterprise, thereby reducing the operational inefficiencies and delivering cost savings. This paper discusses the knowledge framework and architecture that can be used for the system development and its application to real life need of nuclear industry. A case study of deactivation and decommissioning (D and D) is discussed with the Knowledge Management Information Tool platform and framework. D and D work is a high priority activity across the Department of Energy (DOE) complex. Subject matter specialists (SMS) associated with DOE sites, the Energy Facility Contractors Group (EFCOG) and the D and D community have gained extensive knowledge and experience over the years in the cleanup of the legacy waste from the Manhattan Project. To prevent the D and D knowledge and expertise from being lost over time from the evolving and aging workforce, DOE and the Applied Research Center (ARC) at Florida International University (FIU) proposed to capture and maintain this valuable information in a universally available and easily usable system. (authors)

  6. Recording Scientific Knowledge

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bowker, Geof (Santa Clara University) [Santa Clara University

    2006-01-09T23:59:59.000Z

    The way we record knowledge, and the web of technical, formal, and social practices that surrounds it, inevitably affects the knowledge that we record. The ways we hold knowledge about the past - in handwritten manuscripts, in printed books, in file folders, in databases - shape the kind of stories we tell about that past. In this talk, I look at how over the past two hundred years, information technology has affected the nature and production of scientific knowledge. Further, I explore ways in which the emergent new cyberinfrastructure is changing our relationship to scientific practice.

  7. Bayesian Networks and Geographical Information Systems for Environmental Risk Assessment for Oil and Gas Site Development

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Varela Gonzalez, Patricia Ysolda

    2013-04-03T23:59:59.000Z

    of the Environmental Sensibility of Oil and Gas (O&G) developments for a given study area. A Risk index associated with the development of O&G operation activities based on the spatial environmental sensibility was also mapped. To facilitate the Risk assessment...

  8. Network analysis of technical and organizational configurations : using an alignment approach to enhance product development performance

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Diaz Garcia, J. Adrian

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    In an attempt to improve their Product Development Processes (PDPs), many companies make considerable investments to have available cutting-edge technology such as virtual tools. While some companies have increased their ...

  9. Dissecting spatio-temporal protein networks driving human heart development and related disorders

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lage, Kasper

    Aberrant organ development is associated with a wide spectrum of disorders, from schizophrenia to congenital heart disease, but systems-level insight into the underlying processes is very limited. Using heart morphogenesis ...

  10. arabidopsis seed development1cwoa: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 Next Page Last Page Topic Index 481 Graeber et al. 2013 -Roles of Lepidium Seed Dormancy Genes 1 Spatio-temporal Seed Development...

  11. Development of a Remote Monitoring Sensor Network for In-Situ Decommissioned Structures

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    On October 19-22, 2010, an independent expert panel of scientists and engineers met to assist the Department of Energy (DOE) and the Savannah River National Laboratory in developing a technical...

  12. System development technical interactions and innovation : a network-based investigation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Makumbe, Pedzisayi O

    2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The development of complex engineering systems such as aircraft engines involves many cross functional teams that are usually geographically distributed. These teams interact in several ways but one of the most important ...

  13. arXiv:0905.3759v3[nlin.AO]27Jan2010 Evolving networks and the development of neural

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Johnson, Samuel

    arXiv:0905.3759v3[nlin.AO]27Jan2010 Evolving networks and the development of neural systems Samuel Johnson, J. Marro and Joaqu´in J. Torres Departamento de Electromagnetismo y F´isica de la Materia Granada, Spain. E-mail: samuel@onsager.ugr.es, jmarro@ugr.es and jtorres@onsager.ugr.es Abstract

  14. Now, more than ever, the world needs engineers. Especially in Australia, where mining and major development projects like the National Broadband Network rollout continue apace,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Blennerhassett, Peter

    Architecture 36 Petroleum Engineering 37 Photovoltaics & Solar Energy Engineering 38 Renewable Energy in Australia, where mining and major development projects like the National Broadband Network rollout continue to command record salaries. But as Engineers Australia reported in August, the shortage of skilled engineers

  15. Knowledge Integration to Make Decisions About Complex Systems: Sustainability of Energy Production from Agriculture

    ScienceCinema (OSTI)

    Francesco Danuso

    2010-01-08T23:59:59.000Z

    A major bottleneck for improving the governance of complex systems, rely on our ability to integrate different forms of knowledge into a decision support system (DSS). Preliminary aspects are the classification of different types of knowledge (a priori or general, a posteriori or specific, with uncertainty, numerical, textual, algorithmic, complete/incomplete, etc.), the definition of ontologies for knowledge management and the availability of proper tools like continuous simulation models, event driven models, statistical approaches, computational methods (neural networks, evolutionary optimization, rule based systems etc.) and procedure for textual documentation. Following these views at University of Udine, a computer language (SEMoLa, Simple, Easy Modelling Language) for knowledge integration has been developed.  SEMoLa can handle models, data, metadata and textual knowledge; it implements and extends the system dynamics ontology (Forrester, 1968; Jřrgensen, 1994) in which systems are modelled by the concepts of material, group, state, rate, parameter, internal and external events and driving variables. As an example, a SEMoLa model to improve management and sustainability (economical, energetic, environmental) of the agricultural farms is presented. The model (X-Farm) simulates a farm in which cereal and forage yield, oil seeds, milk, calves and wastes can be sold or reused. X-Farm is composed by integrated modules describing fields (crop and soil), feeds and materials storage, machinery management, manpower  management, animal husbandry, economic and energetic balances, seed oil extraction, manure and wastes management, biogas production from animal wastes and biomasses.

  16. Knowledge Integration to Make Decisions About Complex Systems: Sustainability of Energy Production from Agriculture

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Danuso, Francesco (University of Udine) [University of Udine

    2008-06-18T23:59:59.000Z

    A major bottleneck for improving the governance of complex systems, rely on our ability to integrate different forms of knowledge into a decision support system (DSS). Preliminary aspects are the classification of different types of knowledge (a priori or general, a posteriori or specific, with uncertainty, numerical, textual, algorithmic, complete/incomplete, etc.), the definition of ontologies for knowledge management and the availability of proper tools like continuous simulation models, event driven models, statistical approaches, computational methods (neural networks, evolutionary optimization, rule based systems etc.) and procedure for textual documentation. Following these views at University of Udine, a computer language (SEMoLa, Simple, Easy Modelling Language) for knowledge integration has been developed. SEMoLa can handle models, data, metadata and textual knowledge; it implements and extends the system dynamics ontology (Forrester, 1968; Joergensen, 1994) in which systems are modeled by the concepts of material, group, state, rate, parameter, internal and external events and driving variables. As an example, a SEMoLa model to improve management and sustainability (economical, energetic, environmental) of the agricultural farms is presented. The model (X-Farm) simulates a farm in which cereal and forage yield, oil seeds, milk, calves and wastes can be sold or reused. X-Farm is composed by integrated modules describing fields (crop and soil), feeds and materials storage, machinery management, manpower management, animal husbandry, economic and energetic balances, seed oil extraction, manure and wastes management, biogas production from animal wastes and biomasses.

  17. Knowledge Integration to Make Decisions About Complex Systems: Sustainability of Energy Production from Agriculture

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Francesco Danuso

    2008-06-18T23:59:59.000Z

    A major bottleneck for improving the governance of complex systems, rely on our ability to integrate different forms of knowledge into a decision support system (DSS). Preliminary aspects are the classification of different types of knowledge (a priori or general, a posteriori or specific, with uncertainty, numerical, textual, algorithmic, complete/incomplete, etc.), the definition of ontologies for knowledge management and the availability of proper tools like continuous simulation models, event driven models, statistical approaches, computational methods (neural networks, evolutionary optimization, rule based systems etc.) and procedure for textual documentation. Following these views at University of Udine, a computer language (SEMoLa, Simple, Easy Modelling Language) for knowledge integration has been developed.  SEMoLa can handle models, data, metadata and textual knowledge; it implements and extends the system dynamics ontology (Forrester, 1968; Jřrgensen, 1994) in which systems are modelled by the concepts of material, group, state, rate, parameter, internal and external events and driving variables. As an example, a SEMoLa model to improve management and sustainability (economical, energetic, environmental) of the agricultural farms is presented. The model (X-Farm) simulates a farm in which cereal and forage yield, oil seeds, milk, calves and wastes can be sold or reused. X-Farm is composed by integrated modules describing fields (crop and soil), feeds and materials storage, machinery management, manpower  management, animal husbandry, economic and energetic balances, seed oil extraction, manure and wastes management, biogas production from animal wastes and biomasses.

  18. Development of equations to determine the increase in pavement condition due to treatment and the rate of decrease in condition after treatment for a local agency pavement network.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Deshmukh, Maithilee Mukund.

    2010-07-14T23:59:59.000Z

    DEVELOPMENT OF EQUATIONS TO DETERMINE THE INCREASE IN PAVEMENT CONDITION DUE TO TREATMENT AND THE RATE OF DECREASE IN CONDITION AFTER TREATMENT FOR A LOCAL AGENCY PAVEMENT NETWORK A Thesis by MAITHILEE MUKUND DESHMUKH Submitted... to the Office of Graduate Studies of Texas A&M University in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE May 2009 Major Subject: Civil Engineering DEVELOPMENT OF EQUATIONS TO DETERMINE THE INCREASE IN PAVEMENT...

  19. Knowledge-based control

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Painter, John H.

    1992-03-17T23:59:59.000Z

    Knowledge-based control is defined here as the management of dynamic systems whose states admit qualitative modeling. Contributions from several disparate disciplines, such as artificial intelligence, the decision sciences, and fuzzy control...

  20. Ontological Engineering: Foundation of the next generation knowledge processing

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mizoguchi, Riichiro

    Ontological Engineering: Foundation of the next generation knowledge processing Riichiro Mizoguchi@ei.sanken.osaka-u.ac.jp Abstract. Ontological engineering as a key technology of the next generation knowledge processing development and a lot of research activities have been done under the flag of "knowledge engineering". However

  1. Towards a Grid Information Knowledge Base , Marios D. Dikaiakos1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pallis, George

    Towards a Grid Information Knowledge Base Wei Xing1 , Marios D. Dikaiakos1 , and Rizos Sakellariou2 present our work on building a Grid infor- mation knowledge base, which is a key component of a semantic Grid information system. A Core Grid Ontology (CGO) is developed for build- ing a Grid knowledge base

  2. In Proceedings of the Technology Demonstration Session of the 14th International Conference on Knowledge Engineering and Knowledge Management, EKAW 2004, 5-8th October 2004 -Whittlebury Hall, Northamptonshire, UK.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tecuci, Gheorghe

    on Knowledge Engineering and Knowledge Management, EKAW 2004, 5-8th October 2004 - Whittlebury Hall assistance from knowledge engineers, to develop knowledge-based agents incorporating their expertise of knowledge bases and agents, by subject matter experts, with limited assistance from knowledge engineers [1

  3. SemTrace: Semantic Requirements Tracing Using Explicit Requirement Knowledge

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    their activities. Application Lifecycle Management (ALM) is the coordination of development lifecycle activities knowledge and artifacts. A major challenge in distributed software development is the integration of activities along the development lifecycle. Application Lifecycle Management (ALM) is defined as "the

  4. Templating Organosilicate Vitrification Using Unimolecular Self Organizing Polymers: Evolution of Morphology and Nanoporosity Development with Network Formation

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kim, H.-C.

    2004-12-13T23:59:59.000Z

    Star-shaped polymers with a compatibilizing outer corona were dispersed into a thermosetting organosilicate matrix and used to create a nanoporous material. These environmentally responsive copolymers create nano-sized domains through a matrix-mediated collapse of the interior core of the core-corona polymeric structure. This approach relies on the outer corona of the star to compatibilize the insoluble core with the thermosetting resin and prevent aggregation such that these individual molecules template the crosslinking of the matrix and ultimately generate a single hole. The organic polymer was selectively thermalized leaving behind its latent image in the matrix with a pore size that reflected the size of the polymer molecule, and provided the expected reduction in dielectric constant. The morphology development as a function of arm number, molecular weight and volume fraction in mixtures with organosilicates as a function of cure/network conversion was investigated by SAXS, SANS, DMA, TEM and FE-SEM measurements. Amphiphilic star-shaped polymers of various block lengths and arm number, prepared by tandem controlled ring-opening polymerization (ROP) and atom transfer radical polymerization (ATRP) from dendritic initiators, were further tailored to facilitate contrast enhancement for various measurements by the incorporation of either ferrocenyl units or deuterated monomers. The pore sizes achieved by the star and dendrimer-like star macromolecular architectures range from {approx}7 to 40nm, depending on the molecular weight and architecture.

  5. The Program for Climate Model Diagnosis and Intercomparison (PCMDI) Software Development: Applications, Infrastructure, and Middleware/Networks

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Williams, Dean N. [Lawrence Livermore National Lab. (LLNL), Livermore, CA (United States)

    2011-06-30T23:59:59.000Z

    The status of and future plans for the Program for Climate Model Diagnosis and Intercomparison (PCMDI) hinge on software that PCMDI is either currently distributing or plans to distribute to the climate community in the near future. These software products include standard conventions, national and international federated infrastructures, and community analysis and visualization tools. This report also mentions other secondary software not necessarily led by or developed at PCMDI to provide a complete picture of the overarching applications, infrastructures, and middleware/networks. Much of the software described anticipates the use of future technologies envisioned over the span of next year to 10 years. These technologies, together with the software, will be the catalyst required to address extreme-scale data warehousing, scalability issues, and service-level requirements for a diverse set of well-known projects essential for predicting climate change. These tools, unlike the previous static analysis tools of the past, will support the co-existence of many users in a productive, shared virtual environment. This advanced technological world driven by extreme-scale computing and the data it generates will increase scientists’ productivity, exploit national and international relationships, and push research to new levels of understanding.

  6. Abstract--This work develops a three-phase unbalanced load flow tool tailored for radial distribution networks based

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Teodorescu, Remus

    support by PV inverters can be also merged together with the load flow solution tool and thus, the impact, thermal limits of grid components and power losses in radial MV-LV networks with photovoltaic (PV and validated with IEEE 13-bus test feeder. Index Terms--Load flow, LV network, PV integration, voltage

  7. Network Management Network Management

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    that pertain to the operation, administration, maintenance, and provisioning of networked systems · Operation deals with keeping the network up (and the service provided by the network) · Administration involvesNetwork Management Pag. 1 Network Management Andrea Bianco Telecommunication Network Group Network

  8. A Framework for Incorporating General Domain Knowledge into Latent Dirichlet Allocation using First-Order Logic

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Andrzejewski, D; Zhu, X; Craven, M; Recht, B

    2011-01-18T23:59:59.000Z

    Topic models have been used successfully for a variety of problems, often in the form of application-specific extensions of the basic Latent Dirichlet Allocation (LDA) model. Because deriving these new models in order to encode domain knowledge can be difficult and time-consuming, we propose the Fold-all model, which allows the user to specify general domain knowledge in First-Order Logic (FOL). However, combining topic modeling with FOL can result in inference problems beyond the capabilities of existing techniques. We have therefore developed a scalable inference technique using stochastic gradient descent which may also be useful to the Markov Logic Network (MLN) research community. Experiments demonstrate the expressive power of Fold-all, as well as the scalability of our proposed inference method.

  9. Executive report Building knowledge

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Geffner, Hector

    Executive report Building knowledge To build citizens To build cities UPF CAMPUS ICŔRIA INTERNATIONAL PROJECT 2010 International Campus of Excellence Programme #12;2 UPF CAMPUS ICŔRIA INTERNATIONAL this presentation from the one submitted in the CEI 2009 programme where UPF was classified as a `promising

  10. Research Network Product Development

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Berlin,Technische Universität

    .-Ing Dietmar Göhlich Dipl.-Ing Felix Spangenberg 5 E Bus Berlin e-THF e-logistics car sharing multimodal

  11. Using Neural Networks 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gabel, S.

    2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A neural network approach is employed for estimating key efficiency parameters in a gas turbine engine. The concept is demonstrated within a limited operating region for a given engine. The neural network is developed to estimate certain...

  12. Using Neural Networks

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gabel, S.

    A neural network approach is employed for estimating key efficiency parameters in a gas turbine engine. The concept is demonstrated within a limited operating region for a given engine. The neural network is developed to estimate certain...

  13. Explicit Evidence Systems with Common Knowledge

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bucheli, Samuel; Studer, Thomas

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Justification logics are epistemic logics that explicitly include justifications for the agents' knowledge. We develop a multi-agent justification logic with evidence terms for individual agents as well as for common knowledge. We define a Kripke-style semantics that is similar to Fitting's semantics for the Logic of Proofs LP. We show the soundness, completeness, and finite model property of our multi-agent justification logic with respect to this Kripke-style semantics. We demonstrate that our logic is a conservative extension of Yavorskaya's minimal bimodal explicit evidence logic, which is a two-agent version of LP. We discuss the relationship of our logic to the multi-agent modal logic S4 with common knowledge. Finally, we give a brief analysis of the coordinated attack problem in the newly developed language of our logic.

  14. Foundations of Artificial Intelligence Knowledge Representation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Qu, Rong

    To introduce knowledge acquisition and knowledge engineering. To explain how knowledge is taken from a human. Knowledge Acquisition #12;The field of knowledge engineering can be defined as the process of assessing problems, acquiring knowledge and building knowledge based systems. Knowledge Engineering #12;Problem

  15. Foundations of Artificial Intelligence Knowledge Acquisition

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Qu, Rong

    knowledge acquisition and knowledge engineering. To explain how knowledge is taken from a human before being of knowledge engineering can be defined as the process of assessing problems, acquiring knowledge and building knowledge based systems. Knowledge Engineering Problem assessment Data and knowledge acquisition Bottleneck

  16. IMKA: A Multimedia Organization System Combining Perceptual and Semantic Knowledge

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chang, Shih-Fu

    -914-784-7320 jrsmith@watson.ibm.com ABSTRACT In this demo, we present the IMKA system, which implements the innovative extends existing knowledge representation tools in the text domain (e.g., semantic networks and Word, and enhanced searching using relevance feedback from users. However, existing systems still lack adequate

  17. High School Students' Modeling Knowledge High School Students' Modeling Knowledge

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    High School Students' Modeling Knowledge High School Students' Modeling Knowledge David Fortus of the authors. #12;High School Students' Modeling Knowledge Abstract Modeling is a core scientific practice a learning progression for this practice, focusing on the late elementary and early middle school years

  18. Knowledge Assisted Visualization Knowledge-assisted visualization of seismic data

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    for knowledge-assisted annotation and computer-assisted interpretation of seismic data for oil and gas, using seismic interpretation, is performed that makes it fit very naturally into the paradigmKnowledge Assisted Visualization Knowledge-assisted visualization of seismic data Daniel Patel a

  19. Frame-Based Knowledge Representation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Steels, Luc

    The paper introduces a language for representing knowledge in a declarative form. With this language it is possible to define knowledge about a certain domain by introducing a number of concepts and by specifying their ...

  20. Centre de recherche KNOWLEDGE DYNAMICS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    Centre de recherche KNOWLEDGE DYNAMICS DURING PLANNING PRACTICES MARIE-LÉANDRE GOMEZ DR09011 or part of this document without the written consent of the authors. - DR 09011 - Knowledge Dynamics Hirsch, BP5021, 95021 CERGY PONTOISE, France. E-mail: gomez@essec.fr I #12;Knowledge Dynamics During

  1. Knowledge Based Enterprise Engineering (KBEE): a modeling framework for enterprise knowledge

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    Knowledge Based Enterprise Engineering (KBEE): a modeling framework for enterprise knowledge modeling, Knowledge modeling, Enterprise Engineering, Knowledge Engineering. 1 Introduction Knowledge in externalization and integration of knowledge and also for the engineering context, we will propose in this paper

  2. Mathematically Reduced Chemical Reaction Mechanism Using Neural Networks

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ziaul Huque

    2007-08-31T23:59:59.000Z

    This is the final technical report for the project titled 'Mathematically Reduced Chemical Reaction Mechanism Using Neural Networks'. The aim of the project was to develop an efficient chemistry model for combustion simulations. The reduced chemistry model was developed mathematically without the need of having extensive knowledge of the chemistry involved. To aid in the development of the model, Neural Networks (NN) was used via a new network topology known as Non-linear Principal Components Analysis (NPCA). A commonly used Multilayer Perceptron Neural Network (MLP-NN) was modified to implement NPCA-NN. The training rate of NPCA-NN was improved with the GEneralized Regression Neural Network (GRNN) based on kernel smoothing techniques. Kernel smoothing provides a simple way of finding structure in data set without the imposition of a parametric model. The trajectory data of the reaction mechanism was generated based on the optimization techniques of genetic algorithm (GA). The NPCA-NN algorithm was then used for the reduction of Dimethyl Ether (DME) mechanism. DME is a recently discovered fuel made from natural gas, (and other feedstock such as coal, biomass, and urban wastes) which can be used in compression ignition engines as a substitute for diesel. An in-house two-dimensional Computational Fluid Dynamics (CFD) code was developed based on Meshfree technique and time marching solution algorithm. The project also provided valuable research experience to two graduate students.

  3. achieve transportation goals: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    uses goal networks to help users plan where and when to accomplish their desired goals. Dustin A. Smith 111 Active and Interactive Discovery of Goal Selection Knowledge Jay...

  4. Development of a System to Collect Social Network Data from College Students for Future Studies in Health Behavior and Academic Performance /

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lah, Mike Myoungwhan

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    1.2 Contagion in Social Networks . . . . 1.3 Isolatingcomponent of the social network of around 180 TritonScheduleSystem to Collect Social Network Data from College Students

  5. With the development of the MEMS technology and of wireless networking, the sensor network area has been an active field of research in the last five years. Sensor network

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Management . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15 3 The SoC/NoC Model. 16 3.1 System to monitoring applications and provide high resolution obser- vations of the environment. The main constraint of the sensor networks is energy as the nodes are powered with non renewable batteries, and numerous techniques

  6. Enterprise Microblogging for Advanced Knowledge Sharing: The References@BT Case Study

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hammerton, James

    of knowledge, experiences and best-practices globally within the Building Technologies division. Launched networking service. In response to use demand, a new microblogging service, tightly integrated in 2005, References@BT features structured knowledge references, discussion forums, and a basic social

  7. Potential Networks, Contagious Communities, and Understanding Social Network Structure

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Schoenebeck, Grant

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    In this paper we study how the network of agents adopting a particular technology relates to the structure of the underlying network over which the technology adoption spreads. We develop a model and show that the network of agents adopting a particular technology may have characteristics that differ significantly from the social network of agents over which the technology spreads. For example, the network induced by a cascade may have a heavy-tailed degree distribution even if the original network does not. This provides evidence that online social networks created by technology adoption over an underlying social network may look fundamentally different from social networks and indicates that using data from many online social networks may mislead us if we try to use it to directly infer the structure of social networks. Our results provide an alternate explanation for certain properties repeatedly observed in data sets, for example: heavy-tailed degree distribution, network densification, shrinking diameter...

  8. Development and Flight Testing of a Wireless Avionics Network Based on the IEEE 802.11 Protocols

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chilakala, Satish Kumar

    2008-03-18T23:59:59.000Z

    subsystems. New technologies, like ADS-B (Automatic Dependent Surveillance ? Broadcast), FIS-B (Flight Information Services ? Broadcast) are making aviation even safer and are improving air traffic management. This system allows pilots in the cockpit... implementation: ? Independent Basic Service Set (IBSS) or Ad-Hoc Mode ? Basic Service Set (BSS) or Infrastructure Mode ? Extended Service Set (ESS) 2.2.1. Independent Basic Service Set In a wireless network, Ad-Hoc mode, referred to as IBSS topology...

  9. Network topology analysis.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kalb, Jeffrey L.; Lee, David S.

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Emerging high-bandwidth, low-latency network technology has made network-based architectures both feasible and potentially desirable for use in satellite payload architectures. The selection of network topology is a critical component when developing these multi-node or multi-point architectures. This study examines network topologies and their effect on overall network performance. Numerous topologies were reviewed against a number of performance, reliability, and cost metrics. This document identifies a handful of good network topologies for satellite applications and the metrics used to justify them as such. Since often multiple topologies will meet the requirements of the satellite payload architecture under development, the choice of network topology is not easy, and in the end the choice of topology is influenced by both the design characteristics and requirements of the overall system and the experience of the developer.

  10. Network Chimera Network Chimera

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Network Chimera Network Chimera Objective Chimera aims to understand how the network properties enough with limited resources. The Chimera team is cross-disciplinary, and includes computer scientists Impact The original hypothesis of Chimera was that a physical network could be reduced to a graph

  11. Social Networking? Secure Networking?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chapman, Michael S.

    Social Networking? Secure Networking? Teaching & Learning Technology Roundtable February 2010 #12 ­ The intent behind the current security measures in place at OHSU ­ The OHSU Social Networking Guidelines 2. To begin a campus wide dialogue exploring the changing world of online social networking and it

  12. Investigating the Energy Consumption of a Wireless Network Interface in an Ad Hoc Networking

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sirer, Emin Gun

    Investigating the Energy Consumption of a Wireless Network Interface in an Ad Hoc Networking protocols re- quires knowledge of the energy consumption behavior of actual wireless interfaces. But little practical information is available about the energy consumption behavior of well-known wireless network

  13. SU-E-T-51: Bayesian Network Models for Radiotherapy Error Detection

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kalet, A; Phillips, M; Gennari, J [UniversityWashington, Seattle, WA (United States)

    2014-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Purpose: To develop a probabilistic model of radiotherapy plans using Bayesian networks that will detect potential errors in radiation delivery. Methods: Semi-structured interviews with medical physicists and other domain experts were employed to generate a set of layered nodes and arcs forming a Bayesian Network (BN) which encapsulates relevant radiotherapy concepts and their associated interdependencies. Concepts in the final network were limited to those whose parameters are represented in the institutional database at a level significant enough to develop mathematical distributions. The concept-relation knowledge base was constructed using the Web Ontology Language (OWL) and translated into Hugin Expert Bayes Network files via the the RHugin package in the R statistical programming language. A subset of de-identified data derived from a Mosaiq relational database representing 1937 unique prescription cases was processed and pre-screened for errors and then used by the Hugin implementation of the Estimation-Maximization (EM) algorithm for machine learning all parameter distributions. Individual networks were generated for each of several commonly treated anatomic regions identified by ICD-9 neoplasm categories including lung, brain, lymphoma, and female breast. Results: The resulting Bayesian networks represent a large part of the probabilistic knowledge inherent in treatment planning. By populating the networks entirely with data captured from a clinical oncology information management system over the course of several years of normal practice, we were able to create accurate probability tables with no additional time spent by experts or clinicians. These probabilistic descriptions of the treatment planning allow one to check if a treatment plan is within the normal scope of practice, given some initial set of clinical evidence and thereby detect for potential outliers to be flagged for further investigation. Conclusion: The networks developed here support the use of probabilistic models into clinical chart checking for improved detection of potential errors in RT plans.

  14. Review: Knowledge and Environmental Policy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Little, Peter C.

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    and Environmental Policy: Re-Imagining the Boundaries ofand Environmental Policy: Re-Imagining the Boundaries ofKnowledge and Environmental Policy continues the complex and

  15. Maturing Software Engineering Knowledge through Classifications

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Basili, Victor R.

    Maturing Software Engineering Knowledge through Classifications: A Case Study on Unit Testing contribution to advancing knowledge in both science and engineering. It is a way of investigating Engineering knowledge, as classifications constitute an organized structure of knowledge items. Till date

  16. ISI Web of Knowledge111 , ,1111

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Daniel, Rosenfeld

    ISI Web of Knowledge111 © , ,1111 -ISI Web of Knowledge (http://newisiknowledge.com) , , , . . -ISI Web of Knowledge : Web of Science(-1965) , . Biosis Previews(-1991) , ,, . MEDLINE(-1951) , , . Zoological Record(-1995). , . ISI Web of Knowledge . . -VPN( ). : 1.:http

  17. Knowledge and Common Knowledge in a Distributed Environment \\Lambda

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Halpern, Joseph Y.

    Knowledge and Common Knowledge in a Distributed Environment \\Lambda Joseph Y. Halpern Yoram Moses role in distributed systems. Indeed, such reasoning is a central part of the informal intuitive arguments used in the design of distributed protocols. Communication in a distributed system can be viewed

  18. Sharing tacit design knowledge in a distributed design environment

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Woo, Jeong-Han

    2006-10-30T23:59:59.000Z

    investigates the impact of tacit design knowledge on design performance in a distributed design environment supported by CMC software. The software was developed and tested in three design studios in which design students sought advice from experts in remote...

  19. Putting Security in Context: Visual Correlation of Network Activity with Real-World Information

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Pike, William A.; Scherrer, Chad; Zabriskie, Sean J.

    2008-06-04T23:59:59.000Z

    To effectively identify and respond to cyber threats, computer security analysts must understand the scale, motivation, methods, source, and target of an attack. Central to developing this situational awareness is the analyst’s world knowledge that puts these attributes in context. What known exploits or new vulnerabilities might an anomalous traffic pattern suggest? What organizational, social, or geopolitical events help forecast or explain attacks and anomalies? Few visualization tools support creating, maintaining, and applying this knowledge of the threat landscape. Through a series of formative workshops with practicing security analysts, we have developed a visualization approach inspired by the human process of contextualization; this system, called NUANCE, creates evolving behavioral models of network actors at organizational and regional levels, continuously monitors external textual information sources for themes that indicate security threats, and automatically determines if behavior indicative of those threats is present on a network.

  20. The Interactive Knowledge Library: Capturing, Sharing and Synthesizing Tacit Knowledge in Engineering

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Eaton, Craig M.

    2006-12-15T23:59:59.000Z

    The Interactive Knowledge Library is a place to capture, share and synthesize tacit and explicit knowledge. While explicit knowledge (or ‘know what’) is useful, it is tacit knowledge (or ‘know how’) that is the quintessence of knowledge, from which...

  1. Sustaining knowledge in the neutron generator community and benchmarking study.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Barrentine, Tameka C.; Kennedy, Bryan C.; Saba, Anthony W.; Turgeon, Jennifer L.; Schneider, Julia Teresa; Stubblefield, William Anthony; Baldonado, Esther

    2008-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

    In 2004, the Responsive Neutron Generator Product Deployment department embarked upon a partnership with the Systems Engineering and Analysis knowledge management (KM) team to develop knowledge management systems for the neutron generator (NG) community. This partnership continues today. The most recent challenge was to improve the current KM system (KMS) development approach by identifying a process that will allow staff members to capture knowledge as they learn it. This 'as-you-go' approach will lead to a sustainable KM process for the NG community. This paper presents a historical overview of NG KMSs, as well as research conducted to move toward sustainable KM.

  2. Knowledge Infusion Leslie G. Valiant

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Valiant, Leslie

    Knowledge Infusion Leslie G. Valiant Division of Engineering and Applied Sciences Harvard as by their economy in the use of external data. In this paper we propose a theoretical basis for knowl- edge infusion in terms of robust logic. Knowledge infusion based on robust logic can be distinguished from other cur

  3. Modeling, Simulation and Analysis of Complex Networked Systems: A Program Plan for DOE Office of Advanced Scientific Computing Research

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Brown, D L

    2009-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Many complex systems of importance to the U.S. Department of Energy consist of networks of discrete components. Examples are cyber networks, such as the internet and local area networks over which nearly all DOE scientific, technical and administrative data must travel, the electric power grid, social networks whose behavior can drive energy demand, and biological networks such as genetic regulatory networks and metabolic networks. In spite of the importance of these complex networked systems to all aspects of DOE's operations, the scientific basis for understanding these systems lags seriously behind the strong foundations that exist for the 'physically-based' systems usually associated with DOE research programs that focus on such areas as climate modeling, fusion energy, high-energy and nuclear physics, nano-science, combustion, and astrophysics. DOE has a clear opportunity to develop a similarly strong scientific basis for understanding the structure and dynamics of networked systems by supporting a strong basic research program in this area. Such knowledge will provide a broad basis for, e.g., understanding and quantifying the efficacy of new security approaches for computer networks, improving the design of computer or communication networks to be more robust against failures or attacks, detecting potential catastrophic failure on the power grid and preventing or mitigating its effects, understanding how populations will respond to the availability of new energy sources or changes in energy policy, and detecting subtle vulnerabilities in large software systems to intentional attack. This white paper outlines plans for an aggressive new research program designed to accelerate the advancement of the scientific basis for complex networked systems of importance to the DOE. It will focus principally on four research areas: (1) understanding network structure, (2) understanding network dynamics, (3) predictive modeling and simulation for complex networked systems, and (4) design, situational awareness and control of complex networks. The program elements consist of a group of Complex Networked Systems Research Institutes (CNSRI), tightly coupled to an associated individual-investigator-based Complex Networked Systems Basic Research (CNSBR) program. The CNSRI's will be principally located at the DOE National Laboratories and are responsible for identifying research priorities, developing and maintaining a networked systems modeling and simulation software infrastructure, operating summer schools, workshops and conferences and coordinating with the CNSBR individual investigators. The CNSBR individual investigator projects will focus on specific challenges for networked systems. Relevancy of CNSBR research to DOE needs will be assured through the strong coupling provided between the CNSBR grants and the CNSRI's.

  4. PkANN - II. A non-linear matter power spectrum interpolator developed using artificial neural networks

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Agarwal, Shankar; Feldman, Hume A; Lahav, Ofer; Thomas, Shaun A

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    In this paper we introduce PkANN, a freely available software package for interpolating the non-linear matter power spectrum, constructed using Artificial Neural Networks (ANNs). Previously, using Halofit to calculate matter power spectrum, we demonstrated that ANNs can make extremely quick and accurate predictions of the power spectrum. Now, using a suite of 6380 N-body simulations spanning 580 cosmologies, we train ANNs to predict the power spectrum over the cosmological parameter space spanning $3\\sigma$ confidence level (CL) around the concordance cosmology. When presented with a set of cosmological parameters ($\\Omega_{\\rm m} h^2, \\Omega_{\\rm b} h^2, n_s, w, \\sigma_8, \\sum m_\

  5. Graph/Network Visualization Data model: graph structures (relations,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fang, Shiaofen

    of physics #12;8 The Spring Model Using springs to represent node-node relations. Minimizing energy1 1 Graph/Network Visualization Data model: graph structures (relations, knowledge) and networks hierarchies #12;7 Sugiyama : Building Hierarchy Domain knowledge based. Designing heuristic, e.g. minimizing

  6. Designing Flexible Heat Exchanger Networks

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gautam, R.; Chen, H. S.; Wareck, J. S.

    Procedures and methods used for designing flexible heat exchanger networks are described. The general approach consists of defining the flexibility problem as a set of cases. Pinch Technology is then used to develop an initial network design...

  7. A genome-wide regulatory network identifies key transcription factors for memory CD8[superscript +] T-cell development

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hu, Guangan

    Memory CD8[superscript +] T-cell development is defined by the expression of a specific set of memory signature genes. Despite recent progress, many components of the transcriptional control of memory CD8[superscript +] ...

  8. Knowledge ecology and knowledge economy interests -can they be compatible? Rainer Kuhlen

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kuhlen, Rainer

    Knowledge ecology and knowledge economy interests - can they be compatible? Rainer Kuhlen and knowledge ecology - can they be compatible? CC 1 #12;Knowledge ecology and knowledge economy interests - can they be compatible? part of #12;Knowledge ecology and knowledge economy interests - can they be compatible? EIS

  9. Longitudinal Social Network Studies and Predictive Social Cohesion Theory The present proposal links researchers from different countries working on projects concerned with developing

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    White, Douglas R.

    1 Longitudinal Social Network Studies and Predictive Social Cohesion Theory The present proposal scientific theory of social cohesion using novel means of representation and analysis of large-scale network but open ended networked social processes. Subprojects and their orientations fall under the following

  10. Knowledge Acquisition from Data Bases 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wu, Xindong

    Knowledge acquisition from databases is a research frontier for both data base technology and machine learning (ML) techniques,and has seen sustained research over recent years.It also acts as a link between the two ...

  11. AN EXPLORATIVE ACTION RESEARCH STUDY TOWARD THE DESIGN OF A DIGITAL KNOWLEDGE ORGANISATION AS PART

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Blake, Edwin

    Indigenous Knowledge Management Systems are being developed in order to preserve, process and retrieve OF AN INDIGENOUS KNOWLEDGE MANAGEMENT SYSTEM WITH A HERERO COMMUNITY A DISSERTATION SUBMITTED TO THE DEPARTMENT approach. The evolutionary design of our indigenous knowledge management system is informed by a series

  12. Development of a Network-Based Information Infrastructure for Fisheries and Hydropower Information in the Columbia River Basin : Final Project Report.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Scheibe, Timothy D.; Johnson, Gary E.; Perkins, Bill

    1997-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The goal of this project was to help develop technology and a unified structure to access and disseminate information related to the Bonneville Power Administration's fish and wildlife responsibility in the Pacific Northwest. BPA desires to increase access to, and exchange of, information produced by the Environment Fish, and Wildlife Group in concert with regional partners. Historically, data and information have been managed through numerous centralized, controlled information systems. Fisheries information has been fragmented and not widely exchanged. Where exchange has occurred, it often is not timely enough to allow resource managers to effectively use the information to guide planning and decision making. This project (and related projects) have successfully developed and piloted a network-based infrastructure that will serve as a vehicle to transparently connect existing information systems in a manner that makes information exchange efficient and inexpensive. This project was designed to provide a mechanism to help BPA address measures in the Northwest Power Planning Council's (NPPC) Fish and Wildlife program: 3.2H Disseminate Research and Monitoring Information and 5.1A.5 manage water supplies in accordance with the Annual Implementation Work Plan. This project also provided resources that can be used to assist monitoring and evaluation of the Program.

  13. How Leadership Content Knowledge in Writing Influeces Leadership Practice in Elementary Schools

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Olsen, Heather Stuart

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Challenge: Lessons on leadership for school development. InM. A. Datnow (Ed. ), Leadership lessons from comprehensiveK. , & Nelson, B. S. (2003). Leadership content knowledge.

  14. A network security monitor

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Heberlein, L.T.; Dias, G.V.; Levitt, K.N.; Mukherjee, B.; Wood, J.; Wolber, D. (California Univ., Davis, CA (USA). Dept. of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science)

    1989-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The study of security in computer networks is a rapidly growing area of interest because of the proliferation of networks and the paucity of security measures in most current networks. Since most networks consist of a collection of inter-connected local area networks (LANs), this paper concentrates on the security-related issues in a single broadcast LAN such as Ethernet. Specifically, we formalize various possible network attacks and outline methods of detecting them. Our basic strategy is to develop profiles of usage of network resources and then compare current usage patterns with the historical profile to determine possible security violations. Thus, our work is similar to the host-based intrusion-detection systems such as SRI's IDES. Different from such systems, however, is our use of a hierarchical model to refine the focus of the intrusion-detection mechanism. We also report on the development of our experimental LAN monitor currently under implementation. Several network attacks have been simulated and results on how the monitor has been able to detect these attacks are also analyzed. Initial results demonstrate that many network attacks are detectable with our monitor, although it can surely be defeated. Current work is focusing on the integration of network monitoring with host-based techniques. 20 refs., 2 figs.

  15. Functional Metadata Schema for Engineering Knowledge Management

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mizoguchi, Riichiro

    Functional Metadata Schema for Engineering Knowledge Management Yoshinobu Kitamura Naoya Washio engineering knowledge about functionality representing design rationale because of the lack of rich common, ontology, metadata, functional model, knowledge management 1. INTRODUCTION In the engineering design

  16. ORIGINAL PAPER The interdisciplinary engineering knowledge genome

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shai, Offer

    ORIGINAL PAPER The interdisciplinary engineering knowledge genome Yoram Reich · Offer Shai Received, termed the ``Interdisciplinary Engineering Knowledge Genome'', which is an organized collection of system, the Interdisciplinary Engineering Knowledge Genome unifies many engineering disciplines, providing a basis

  17. IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON SIGNAL PROCESSING, VOL. 51, NO. 8, AUGUST 2003 2191 Anomaly Detection in IP Networks

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ji, Chuanyi

    useful information to the network administrator. Using some basic knowledge of the network layout as well Networks Marina Thottan and Chuanyi Ji Abstract--Network anomaly detection is a vibrant research area that this signal processing technique is effective at detecting several network anomalies. Case studies from real

  18. Knowledge Discovery Overview Brian Worley

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wang, Xiaorui "Ray"

    networks Modeling & Simulation · Discrete-event · Agent-based · Emergence · Real-time · Large, sensor, and cybersecurity data Do not be another data archival provider ­ ORNL can provide services

  19. The browser prototype for the CTBT knowledge base

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Armstrong, H.M.; Keyser, R.G.

    1997-07-02T23:59:59.000Z

    As part of the United States Department of Energy`s (DOE) Comprehensive Test Ban Treaty (CTBT) research and development effort, a Knowledge Base is being developed. This Knowledge Base will store the regional geophysical research results as well as geographic contexual information and make this information available to the Automated Data Processing (ADP routines) as well as human analysts involved in CTBT monitoring. This paper focuses on the initial development of a browser prototype to be used to interactively examine the contents of the CTBT Knowledge Base. The browser prototype is intended to be a research tool to experiment with different ways to display and integrate the datasets. An initial prototype version has been developed using Environmental Systems Research Incorporated`s (ESRI) ARC/INFO Geographic Information System (GIS) product. The conceptual requirements, design, initial implementation, current status, and future work plans are discussed. 4 refs., 2 figs.

  20. Central Characterization Program (CCP) Acceptable Knowledge Documentat...

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    Acceptable Knowledge Documentation Central Characterization Program (CCP) Acceptable Knowledge Documentation This document was used to determine facts and conditions during the...

  1. Extracting Provably Correct Rules from Artificial Neural Networks

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Clausen, Michael

    Extracting Provably Correct Rules from Artificial Neural Networks Sebastian B. Thrun University procedures have been applied successfully to a variety of real­world scenarios, artificial neural networks for extracting symbolic knowledge from Backpropagation­style artificial neural networks. It does

  2. Safety Criteria and Safety Lifecycle for Artificial Neural Networks

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kelly, Tim

    Safety Criteria and Safety Lifecycle for Artificial Neural Networks Zeshan Kurd, Tim Kelly and Jim. The paper also presents a safety lifecycle for artificial neural networks. This lifecycle focuses, knowledge. INTRODUCTION Artificial neural networks (ANNs) are used in many safety-related applications

  3. Leadership Development | Argonne National Laboratory

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Professional Development Resource WIST Talk: The Art of Networking video Leadership Development Argonne has a long-term vision for its workforce, recognizing that future challenges...

  4. HPSS Yearly Network Traffic

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    growth in network traffic to storage over the years. Network Traffic Growth Network Distribution 2010 Network Distribution 2010 Network Distribution 2009 Network Distribution...

  5. Knowledge information management toolkit and method

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Hempstead, Antoinette R.; Brown, Kenneth L.

    2006-08-15T23:59:59.000Z

    A system is provided for managing user entry and/or modification of knowledge information into a knowledge base file having an integrator support component and a data source access support component. The system includes processing circuitry, memory, a user interface, and a knowledge base toolkit. The memory communicates with the processing circuitry and is configured to store at least one knowledge base. The user interface communicates with the processing circuitry and is configured for user entry and/or modification of knowledge pieces within a knowledge base. The knowledge base toolkit is configured for converting knowledge in at least one knowledge base from a first knowledge base form into a second knowledge base form. A method is also provided.

  6. Link Privacy in Social Networks Aleksandra Korolova, Rajeev Motwani, Shubha U. Nabar, Ying Xu

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pratt, Vaughan

    Link Privacy in Social Networks Aleksandra Korolova, Rajeev Motwani, Shubha U. Nabar, Ying Xu.stanford.edu Abstract-- We consider a privacy threat to a social network in which the goal of an attacker is to obtain knowledge of a significant fraction of the links in the network. We formalize the typical social network

  7. Enhance your Cyber Security Knowledge

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Enhance your Cyber Security Knowledge About NPS CS FUNDAMENTALS: Create a strong foundational by increasing the effectiveness of the armed forces of the United States and its allies. Cyber Security-4015 About CISR #12;Cyber Security Adversarial Techniques Cyber Security Defense Cyber Security Fundamentals

  8. A knowledge portal for Norway

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Johansen, Tom Henning

    A knowledge portal for Norway 2012 Highlights from the University of Oslo's annual report #12 examinations 14 The Governor of the Bank of Norway's Annual Address: 15 A student ombudsman is introduced 15 for Norway, and in addition to its achievements in the form of education and new research, it has a large

  9. HEART SMART NUTRITION KNOWLEDGE = POWER

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lesson 1 HEART SMART NUTRITION KNOWLEDGE = POWER Know Your Cholesterol Number High blood cholesterol is one of the three major risk factors for heart disease that you can change. The other two risk the disease. Heart disease is the number one killer of women and men in the United States. In 2008, over 16

  10. "Investment in knowledge pays the

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cortes, Jesus

    Annual Report #12;Annual Report #12;"Investment in knowledge pays the best interest." Abraham to information about the organisation. Our accounts are audited annually and can be viewed on our website: www to leading institutions in Europe in terms of selecting, hiring and consolidating research talent. Ikerbasque

  11. Advancing Michigan's State of Knowledge

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zhao, Jennifer Jing

    Advancing Michigan's State of Knowledge GRADUATE E D U C AT I O N "To attract and grow quality jobs for Michigan's Economic Future: Jobs, Education and Protecting Families State of the State Address - 2009 Michigan Graduate Education Day Thursday, April 23, 2009 , Andrews University Aquinas College Baker College

  12. Distributed Compressed Sensing in Dynamic Networks

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Eldar, Yonina

    Distributed Compressed Sensing in Dynamic Networks Stacy Patterson Department of Computer Science theoretical results to develop a distributed version of IHT for dynamic networks. Evaluations show that our throughout the network, it is desirable to perform this recovery within the network in a distributed fashion

  13. The development of a high-throughput gradient array apparatus for the study of porous polymer networks.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Majumdar, Partha (North Dakota State University, Fargo, ND); Lee, Elizabeth (North Dakota State University, Fargo, ND); Chisholm, Bret J. (North Dakota State University, Fargo, ND); Dirk, Shawn M.; Weisz, Michael (North Dakota State University, Fargo, ND); Bahr, James (North Dakota State University, Fargo, ND); Schiele, Kris (North Dakota State University, Fargo, ND)

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A gradient array apparatus was constructed for the study of porous polymers produced using the process of chemically-induced phase separation (CIPS). The apparatus consisted of a 60 element, two-dimensional array in which a temperature gradient was placed in the y-direction and composition was varied in the x-direction. The apparatus allowed for changes in opacity of blends to be monitored as a function of temperature and cure time by taking images of the array with time. The apparatus was validated by dispense a single blend composition into all 60 wells of the array and curing them for 24 hours and doing the experiment in triplicate. Variations in micron scale phase separation were readily observed as a function of both curing time and temperature and there was very good well-to-well consistency as well as trial-to-trial consistency. Poragen of samples varying with respect to cure temperature was removed and SEM images were obtained. The results obtained showed that cure temperature had a dramatic affect on sample morphology, and combining data obtained from visual observations made during the curing process with SEM data can enable a much better understanding of the CIPS process and provide predictive capability through the relatively facile generation of composition-process-morphology relationships. Data quality could be greatly enhanced by making further improvements in the apparatus. The primary improvements contemplated include the use of a more uniform light source, an optical table, and a CCD camera with data analysis software. These improvements would enable quantification of the amount of scattered light generated from individual elements as a function of cure time. In addition to the gradient array development, porous composites were produced by incorporating metal particles into a blend of poragen, epoxy resin, and crosslinker. The variables involved in the experiment were metal particle composition, primary metal particle size, metal concentration, and poragen composition. A total of 16 different porous composites were produced and characterized using SEM. In general, the results showed that pore morphology and the distribution of metal particles was dependent on multiple factors. For example, the use of silver nanoparticles did not significantly affect pore morphology for composites derived from decanol as the poragen, but exceptionally large pores were obtained with the use of decane as the poragen. With regard to the effect of metal particle size, silver nanoparticles were essentially exclusively dispered in the polymer matrix while silver microparticles were found in pores. For nickel particles, both nanoparticles and microparticles were largely dispersed in the polymer matrix and not in the pores.

  14. Artificial Neural Networks Single Layer Networks Multi Layer Networks Generalization Artificial Neural Networks

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kjellström, Hedvig

    Artificial Neural Networks Single Layer Networks Multi Layer Networks Generalization Artificial Neural Networks Artificial Neural Networks Single Layer Networks Multi Layer Networks Generalization 1 Artificial Neural Networks Properties Applications Classical Examples Biological Background 2 Single Layer

  15. Artificial Neural Networks Single Layer Networks Multi Layer Networks Generalization Artificial Neural Networks

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kjellström, Hedvig

    Artificial Neural Networks Single Layer Networks Multi Layer Networks Generalization Artificial Neural Networks #12;Artificial Neural Networks Single Layer Networks Multi Layer Networks Generalization 1 Artificial Neural Networks Properties Applications Classical Examples Biological Background 2

  16. agricultural research knowledge: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    that most secondary science teachers Rambaut, Andrew 2 United States Department of Agriculture Agricultural Research Service Environmental Sciences and Ecology Websites Summary:...

  17. arthritis current knowledge: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    the endpoints of the scale)? Is a change in the number of anchor points and their distribution over the total scale important? Could better instructions for scoring within...

  18. agricultural knowledge science: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Sciences Agricultural Economics Marine industry studies Corporate social Materials Science Plasma Physics Toxicology Aquatic ecosystems 12;Engineering Biological...

  19. Verification of Medical Guidelines Using Background Knowledge in Task Networks

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Groot, Perry

    and to formalize criteria for good medical practice that a guideline should comply with. This framework are mainly concerned with checking the general quality criteria of good medical practice that a guideline on sound scientific evidence, which has been called evidence-based medicine [1], [2]. In practice, this has

  20. agriculture agricultural knowledge: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Websites Summary: May 2011 New Challenges in Agricultural Modeling: Relating Enegy and Farm of Education, Office of Civil Rights. 12;1 New Challenges in Agricultural...

  1. address knowledge compassion: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    derived... of the heavens. But the Carolinian navigators are only one of numerous seafaring peoples whose maritime technology and traditions share common threads stretched...

  2. atmospheres psychiatric knowledge: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    to optical depth perturbations. In Earth-type atmospheres sustained planetary greenhouse effect with a stable ground surface temperature can only exist at a particular...

  3. United Nations Energy Knowledge Network (UN-Energy) | Open Energy

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are beingZealand Jump to:Ezfeedflag JumpID-fTri Global Energy LLC Place:Unalakleet JumpInformationInformation

  4. IMPACTS OF OIL AND NATURAL GAS ON PRAIRIE GROUSE: CURRENT KNOWLEDGE AND RESEARCH NEEDS1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Beck, Jeffrey L.

    IMPACTS OF OIL AND NATURAL GAS ON PRAIRIE GROUSE: CURRENT KNOWLEDGE AND RESEARCH NEEDS1 Jeffrey L and natural gas development on grouse populations and habitats. The purpose of this review is to summarize current knowledge on the effects of oil and gas development and production on prairie grouse based

  5. Introducing Web Application Development

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ding, Wei

    Introducing Web Application Development Instructor: Dr Wei Ding Development Instructor: Dr.Wei Ding Fall 2009 1CS 437/637 Database-BackedWeb Sites andWeb Services Introduction: Internet vs. World Wide Web Internet is an interconnected network of thousands ofInternet is an interconnected network

  6. Agricultural Development Assessments and Strategies in Post Conflict Settings: An Empirical Case Study of Eight Southern Iraqi Provinces

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hafer, James C.

    2012-02-14T23:59:59.000Z

    and agricultural inputs. Outdated technology and undertrained producers lacking knowledge of production related areas such as plant and animal genetics, fertilizers, irrigation and drainage systems and farm equipment. Inadequate and unstable electricity... availability and provision, degradation of irrigation-infrastructure and management systems, a complete lack of or insufficient access to credit and private capital as well as inadequate market development and network infrastructure have all taken their toll...

  7. WIRELESS SENSOR NETWORK BASED CONTROL SYSTEM CONCIDERING COMMUNICATION COST

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    WIRELESS SENSOR NETWORK BASED CONTROL SYSTEM CONCIDERING COMMUNICATION COST Yutaka Iino* Takeshi for wireless sensor network based control system, minimizing communication energy consumption. Some control, wireless sensor network technology has been developed rapidly, and various applications to control system

  8. "Research Challenges in Networking", Mohammed Atiquzzaman, ICCCN, Oct 2002

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Atiquzzaman, Mohammed

    2002 Network Security · Trust: security and privacy · Increased emphasis on network security ­ Cyber-security attack · Cybersecurity technologies and methods to develop advanced networks that can replace and telecom, public health, emergency services, water, agriculture, postal services ...... #12;"Research

  9. Electricity Distribution Networks: Investment and Regulation, and Uncertain Demand

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jamasb, Tooraj; Marantes, Cristiano

    2011-01-31T23:59:59.000Z

    " and describes a network investment assessment model developed as a tool to identify and assess the investment requirements of distribution networks. A broadening of the scope of network investments to include demand-related measures that can reduce the need...

  10. Office of Nuclear Energy Knowledge Management Program Situational Analysis Report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kimberlyn C. Mousseau

    2011-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Knowledge management (KM) has been a high priority for the Department of Energy (DOE) Office of Nuclear Energy (NE) for the past several years. NE Programs are moving toward well-established knowledge management practices and a formal knowledge management program has been established. Knowledge management is being practiced to some level within each of the NE programs. Although it continues to evolve as NE programs evolve, a formal strategic plan that guides the implementation of KM has been developed. Despite the acceptance of KM within DOE NE, more work is necessary before the NE KM program can be considered fully successful. Per Dr. David J. Skyrme[1], an organization typically moves through the following evolutionary phases: (1) Ad-hoc - KM is being practiced to some level in some parts of the organization; (2) Formal - KM is established as a formal project or program; (3) Expanding - the use of KM as a discipline grows in practice across different parts of the organization; (4) Cohesive - there is a degree of coordination of KM; (5) Integrated - there are formal standards and approaches that give every individual access to most organizational knowledge through common interfaces; and (6) Embedded - KM is part-and-parcel of everyday tasks; it blends seamlessly into the background. According to the evolutionary phases, the NE KM program is operating at the two lower levels, Ad-hoc and Formal. Although KM is being practiced to some level, it is not being practiced in a consistent manner across the NE programs. To be fully successful, more emphasis must be placed on establishing KM standards and processes for collecting, organizing, sharing and accessing NE knowledge. Existing knowledge needs to be prioritized and gathered on a routine basis, its existence formally recorded in a knowledge inventory. Governance to ensure the quality of the knowledge being used must also be considered. For easy retrieval, knowledge must be organized according to a taxonomy that mimics nuclear energy programs. Technologies need to be established to make accessing the knowledge easier for the user. Finally, knowledge needs to be used as part of a well defined work process.

  11. Interests Diffusion in Social Networks

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    D'Agostino, Gregorio; De Nicola, Antonio; Tucci, Salvatore

    2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Understanding cultural phenomena on Social Networks (SNs) and exploiting the implicit knowledge about their members is attracting the interest of different research communities both from the academic and the business side. The community of complexity science is devoting significant efforts to define laws, models, and theories, which, based on acquired knowledge, are able to predict future observations (e.g. success of a product). In the mean time, the semantic web community aims at engineering a new generation of advanced services by defining constructs, models and methods, adding a semantic layer to SNs. In this context, a leapfrog is expected to come from a hybrid approach merging the disciplines above. Along this line, this work focuses on the propagation of individual interests in social networks. The proposed framework consists of the following main components: a method to gather information about the members of the social networks; methods to perform some semantic analysis of the Domain of Interest; a p...

  12. Integrating knowledge-based techniques into well-test interpretation

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Harrison, I.W.; Fraser, J.L. [Artificial Intelligence Applications Inst., Edinburgh (United Kingdom)

    1995-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The goal of the Spirit Project was to develop a prototype of next-generation well-test-interpretation (WTI) software that would include knowledge-based decision support for the WTI model selection task. This paper describes how Spirit makes use of several different types of information (pressure, seismic, petrophysical, geological, and engineering) to support the user in identifying the most appropriate WTI model. Spirit`s knowledge-based approach to type-curve matching is to generate several different feasible interpretations by making assumptions about the possible presence of both wellbore storage and late-time boundary effects. Spirit fuses information from type-curve matching and other data sources by use of a knowledge-based decision model developed in collaboration with a WTI expert. The sponsors of the work have judged the resulting prototype system a success.

  13. Biomass Rapid Analysis Network (BRAN)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    2003-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Helping the emerging biotechnology industry develop new tools and methods for real-time analysis of biomass feedstocks, process intermediates and The Biomass Rapid Analysis Network is designed to fast track the development of modern tools and methods for biomass analysis to accelerate the development of the emerging industry. The network will be led by industry and organized and coordinated through the National Renewable Energy Lab. The network will provide training and other activities of interest to BRAN members. BRAN members will share the cost and work of rapid analysis method development, validate the new methods, and work together to develop the training for the future biomass conversion workforce.

  14. A generic knowledge Model for SME Supply Chain Based on Multiagent Paradigm

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    A generic knowledge Model for SME Supply Chain Based on Multiagent Paradigm Jihene Tounsi1 Enterprises (SME). These companies evolve in an unstable and complex network. In order to guarantee its role in a supply chain, SME must be able to support the inherent requirements of the supply chain (low lead times

  15. Mathematically Reduced Chemical Reaction Mechanism Using Neural Networks

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Nelson Butuk

    2006-09-21T23:59:59.000Z

    This is an annual technical report for the work done over the last year (period ending 9/30/2005) on the project titled ''Mathematically Reduced Chemical Reaction Mechanism Using Neural Networks''. The aim of the project is to develop an efficient chemistry model for combustion simulations. The reduced chemistry model will be developed mathematically without the need of having extensive knowledge of the chemistry involved. To aid in the development of the model, Neural Networks (NN) will be used via a new network topology know as Non-linear Principal Components Analysis (NPCA). We report on the significant development made in developing a truly meshfree computational fluid dynamics (CFD) flow solver to be coupled to NPCA. First, the procedure of obtaining nearly analytic accurate first order derivatives using the complex step method (CSM) is extended to include computation of accurate meshfree second order derivatives via a theorem described in this report. Next, boosted generalized regression neural network (BGRNN), described in our previous report is combined with CSM and used to obtain complete solution of a hard to solve wave dominated sample second order partial differential equation (PDE): the cubic Schrodinger equation. The resulting algorithm is a significant improvement of the meshfree technique of smooth particle hydrodynamics method (SPH). It is suggested that the demonstrated meshfree technique be termed boosted smooth particle hydrodynamics method (BSPH). Some of the advantages of BSPH over other meshfree methods include; it is of higher order accuracy than SPH; compared to other meshfree methods, it is completely meshfree and does not require any background meshes; It does not involve any construction of shape function with their associated solution of possibly ill conditioned matrix equations; compared to some SPH techniques, no equation for the smoothing parameter is required; finally it is easy to program.

  16. Building Knowledge about Buildings Matthew T. Young and Eyal Amir

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Amir, Eyal

    Building Knowledge about Buildings Matthew T. Young and Eyal Amir University of Illinois, Urbana The ability to encode information about the structure of buildings is essential for the development of applications which are able to reason about buildings and answer queries concerning their design and function

  17. The Community Seismic Network and Quake-Catcher Network: enabling structural health monitoring through instrumentation by

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Greer, Julia R.

    The Community Seismic Network and Quake-Catcher Network: enabling structural health monitoring ABSTRACT A new type of seismic network is in development that takes advantage of community volunteers to install low-cost ac- celerometers in houses and buildings. The Community Seismic Network and Quake

  18. Constructing a Knowledge Base for Gene Regulatory Dynamics by Formal Concept Analysis Methods

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wollbold, Johannes; Ganter, Bernhard

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Our aim is to build a set of rules, such that reasoning over temporal dependencies within gene regulatory networks is possible. The underlying transitions may be obtained by discretizing observed time series, or they are generated based on existing knowledge, e.g. by Boolean networks or their nondeterministic generalization. We use the mathematical discipline of formal concept analysis (FCA), which has been applied successfully in domains as knowledge representation, data mining or software engineering. By the attribute exploration algorithm, an expert or a supporting computer program is enabled to decide about the validity of a minimal set of implications and thus to construct a sound and complete knowledge base. From this all valid implications are derivable that relate to the selected properties of a set of genes. We present results of our method for the initiation of sporulation in Bacillus subtilis. However the formal structures are exhibited in a most general manner. Therefore the approach may be adapte...

  19. Sensor network localization based on natural phenomena

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kim, Daniel Sang

    2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Autonomous localization is crucial for many sensor network applications. The goal of this thesis is to develop a distributed localization algorithm for the PLUG indoor sensor network by analyzing sound and light sensory ...

  20. Semantic associative network for text analysis (SANTA)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Airhart, Robert William

    2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Based on theories of associations, the Semantic Associative Network for Text Analysis (SANTA) has been developed. Nodes in the network represent words and links between nodes represent the association strengths between them. The links are adjusted...

  1. Clock synchronization for mobile ad hoc networks 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chandra, Rajan

    2013-02-22T23:59:59.000Z

    As mobile networking advances, there is a need for services such as clock synchronization that improve performance and support the development of higher-level applications. This can be achieved by adapting existing algorithms (such as the Network...

  2. Optical Network Testbeds Workshop

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Joe Mambretti

    2007-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This is the summary report of the third annual Optical Networking Testbed Workshop (ONT3), which brought together leading members of the international advanced research community to address major challenges in creating next generation communication services and technologies. Networking research and development (R&D) communities throughout the world continue to discover new methods and technologies that are enabling breakthroughs in advanced communications. These discoveries are keystones for building the foundation of the future economy, which requires the sophisticated management of extremely large qualities of digital information through high performance communications. This innovation is made possible by basic research and experiments within laboratories and on specialized testbeds. Initial network research and development initiatives are driven by diverse motives, including attempts to solve existing complex problems, the desire to create powerful new technologies that do not exist using traditional methods, and the need to create tools to address specific challenges, including those mandated by large scale science or government agency mission agendas. Many new discoveries related to communications technologies transition to wide-spread deployment through standards organizations and commercialization. These transition paths allow for new communications capabilities that drive many sectors of the digital economy. In the last few years, networking R&D has increasingly focused on advancing multiple new capabilities enabled by next generation optical networking. Both US Federal networking R&D and other national R&D initiatives, such as those organized by the National Institute of Information and Communications Technology (NICT) of Japan are creating optical networking technologies that allow for new, powerful communication services. Among the most promising services are those based on new types of multi-service or hybrid networks, which use new optical networking technologies. Several years ago, when many of these optical networking research topics were first being investigated, they were the subject of controversial debate. The new techniques challenged many long-held concepts related to architecture and technology. However, today all major networking organizations are transitioning toward infrastructure that incorporates these new concepts. This progress has been assisted through the series of Optical Networking Testbed Workshops (ONT). The first (ONT1) outlined a general framework of key issues and topics and developed a series of recommendations (www.nren.nasa.gov/workshop7). The second (ONT2) developed a common vision of optical network technologies, services, infrastructure, and organizations (www.nren.nasa.gov/workshop8). Processes that allow for a common vision encourage widespread deployment of these types of resources among advanced networking communities. Also, such a shared vision enables key concepts and technologies to migrate from basic research testbeds to wider networking communities. The ONT-3 workshop built on these earlier activities by expanding discussion to include additional considerations of the international interoperability and of greater impact of optical networking technology on networking in general. In accordance with this recognition, the workshop confirmed that future-oriented research and development is indispensable to fundamentally change the current Internet architecture to create a global network incorporating completely new concepts. The workshop also recognized that the first priority to allow for this progress is basic research and development, including international collaborative activities, which are important for the global realization of interoperability of a new generation architecture.

  3. Network Economics Anna Nagurney

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nagurney, Anna

    Performance/Efficiency Measure with Applications to a Variety of Network Systems · Transportation Network with transportation as the unifying application. #12;Subway Network Railroad Network Iridium Satellite Constellation Network Satellite and Undersea Cable Networks Duke Energy Gas Pipeline Network Transportation

  4. Analysis of informal communication networks - a case study

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Schoder, Detlef

    The structure and dynamics of informal communication networks are of central importance for the functionality of enterprise workflows and for performance and innovation of knowledge-centric organizations. While most ...

  5. MASTER OF TECHNOLOGY IN KNOWLEDGE ENGINEERING

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chaudhuri, Sanjay

    MASTER OF TECHNOLOGY IN KNOWLEDGE ENGINEERING Become a Leader & INNOVATORin INTELLIGENT SYSTEMS treatment options. The Master of Technology in Knowledge Engineering will equip you with the skills) in Knowledge Engineering (KE) draws on the rich resources of the Institute of Systems Science (ISS

  6. IAI : Knowledge Representation John A. Bullinaria, 2005

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bullinaria, John

    is a Knowledge Representation? 3. Requirements of a Knowledge Representation 4. Practical Aspects of Good5-5 Practical Aspects of Good Representations In practice, the theoretical requirements for good Dictionary provides as good a definition as any: knowledge, nolij, n. assured belief; that which is known

  7. Development of a Mechanics Reasoning Inventory

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pawl, Andrew

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Strategic knowledge is required to appropriately organize procedures and concepts to solve problems. We are developing a standardized instrument assessing strategic knowledge in the domain of introductory mechanics. This ...

  8. Google matrix analysis of directed networks

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Leonardo Ermann; Klaus M. Frahm; Dima L. Shepelyansky

    2014-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

    In past ten years, modern societies developed enormous communication and social networks. Their classification and information retrieval processing become a formidable task for the society. Due to the rapid growth of World Wide Web, social and communication networks, new mathematical methods have been invented to characterize the properties of these networks on a more detailed and precise level. Various search engines are essentially using such methods. It is highly important to develop new tools to classify and rank enormous amount of network information in a way adapted to internal network structures and characteristics. This review describes the Google matrix analysis of directed complex networks demonstrating its efficiency on various examples including World Wide Web, Wikipedia, software architecture, world trade, social and citation networks, brain neural networks, DNA sequences and Ulam networks. The analytical and numerical matrix methods used in this analysis originate from the fields of Markov chains, quantum chaos and Random Matrix theory.

  9. Google matrix analysis of directed networks

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Leonardo Ermann; Klaus M. Frahm; Dima L. Shepelyansky

    2015-06-19T23:59:59.000Z

    In past ten years, modern societies developed enormous communication and social networks. Their classification and information retrieval processing become a formidable task for the society. Due to the rapid growth of World Wide Web, social and communication networks, new mathematical methods have been invented to characterize the properties of these networks on a more detailed and precise level. Various search engines are essentially using such methods. It is highly important to develop new tools to classify and rank enormous amount of network information in a way adapted to internal network structures and characteristics. This review describes the Google matrix analysis of directed complex networks demonstrating its efficiency on various examples including World Wide Web, Wikipedia, software architecture, world trade, social and citation networks, brain neural networks, DNA sequences and Ulam networks. The analytical and numerical matrix methods used in this analysis originate from the fields of Markov chains, quantum chaos and Random Matrix theory.

  10. Network Maps of Technology Fields: How Measures of Relatedness Influence Network Structures

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yan, Bowen

    2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The structure of the total technology space, together with the specialized knowledge positions of the inventors, companies and countries, conditions the prospect of their next innovations. Prior studies have proposed representing the technology space as a network of patent technology classes connected by links weighted according to their relatedness. Although the choice of relatedness measures affects the structure of the resulting networks, such measures have not been assessed in terms of their influences on network structures. In this paper, we first present six measures based on the similarity of knowledge bases of different technology fields and, alternatively, on the likelihood for inventors, organizations or countries to diversify across technology fields. Then, we compare the resulting networks in terms of network structures, vertex and edge properties and their predictability on the importance of the represented technology fields. Based on USPTO patent data from 1976 to 2010 and International Patent C...

  11. Novel mechanical mechanisms for the development of undergraduate knowledge

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stern, Michael L., S. B. Massachusetts Institute of Technology

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Although MIT Students have been taught an enormous amount of theory and design, they are not exposed to simple machine elements and designs from the past. As a result, students often spend time reinventing things when the ...

  12. D and D Knowledge Management Information Tool - 2012 - 12106

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Upadhyay, H.; Lagos, L.; Quintero, W.; Shoffner, P. [Applied Research Center, Florida International University, Miami. FL 33174 (United States); DeGregory, J. [Office of D and D and Facility Engineering, Environmental Management, Department of Energy (United States)

    2012-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Deactivation and decommissioning (D and D) work is a high priority activity across the Department of Energy (DOE) complex. Subject matter specialists (SMS) associated with the different ALARA (As-Low-As-Reasonably-Achievable) Centers, DOE sites, Energy Facility Contractors Group (EFCOG) and the D and D community have gained extensive knowledge and experience over the years in the cleanup of the legacy waste from the Manhattan Project. To prevent the D and D knowledge and expertise from being lost over time from the evolving and aging workforce, DOE and the Applied Research Center (ARC) at Florida International University (FIU) proposed to capture and maintain this valuable information in a universally available and easily usable system. D and D KM-IT provides single point access to all D and D related activities through its knowledge base. It is a community driven system. D and D KM-IT makes D and D knowledge available to the people who need it at the time they need it and in a readily usable format. It uses the World Wide Web as the primary source for content in addition to information collected from subject matter specialists and the D and D community. It brings information in real time through web based custom search processes and its dynamic knowledge repository. Future developments include developing a document library, providing D and D information access on mobile devices for the Technology module and Hotline, and coordinating multiple subject matter specialists to support the Hotline. The goal is to deploy a high-end sophisticated and secured system to serve as a single large knowledge base for all the D and D activities. The system consolidates a large amount of information available on the web and presents it to users in the simplest way possible. (authors)

  13. SENSE: A WIRELESS SENSOR NETWORK Gilbert Chen, Joel Branch, Michael J. Pflug, Lijuan Zhu, and Boleslaw

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Varela, Carlos

    Chapter 1 SENSE: A WIRELESS SENSOR NETWORK SIMULATOR Gilbert Chen, Joel Branch, Michael J. Pflug Abstract A new network simulator, called SENSE, has been developed for simulating wireless sensor networks for sensor network research. Keywords: Wireless Sensor Networks, Network Simulation, Component-Based Sim

  14. The project PPPserve (Network based GNSS Phase Biases to enhance PPP Applications A new Service Level of GNSS Reference Station Provider) aims at the development and

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Schuh, Harald

    PPPserve The project PPPserve (Network based GNSS Phase Biases to enhance PPP Applications Standard (RTCM 3.2, State Space Representation = SSR) which supports PPP. New receiver hard and software are the missing link at user side to allow for PPP based phase ambiguity resolution. Applying relevant satellite

  15. There are significant efforts underway to develop practical resources for quantum communi-cations and information processing in optical fiber networks. Entanglement, which refers to the

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Van Stryland, Eric

    - cations and information processing in optical fiber networks. Entanglement, which refers be entangled. Coupling such down-converted photons into optical fibers without degrading entanglement, however-division multiplexed optical fiber systems. Some recent results on utilizing such entanglement for quantum

  16. Development of a neural network model to nowcast/forecast the coastal water level anomalies on the entrance to Galveston Bay, Texas

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nam, Young Joo

    2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    level fluctuations are forced primarily by the remote effects which was the water level at the mouth of the estuary, consistent with earlier findings in the literature. A neural network model was optimized to forecast the remote forcing at Galveston Bay...

  17. Integrated Approach to Reconstruction of Microbial Regulatory Networks

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Rodionov, Dmitry A [Sanford-Burnham Medical Research Institute] [Sanford-Burnham Medical Research Institute; Novichkov, Pavel S [Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory] [Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory

    2013-11-04T23:59:59.000Z

    This project had the goal(s) of development of integrated bioinformatics platform for genome-scale inference and visualization of transcriptional regulatory networks (TRNs) in bacterial genomes. The work was done in Sanford-Burnham Medical Research Institute (SBMRI, P.I. D.A. Rodionov) and Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (LBNL, co-P.I. P.S. Novichkov). The developed computational resources include: (1) RegPredict web-platform for TRN inference and regulon reconstruction in microbial genomes, and (2) RegPrecise database for collection, visualization and comparative analysis of transcriptional regulons reconstructed by comparative genomics. These analytical resources were selected as key components in the DOE Systems Biology KnowledgeBase (SBKB). The high-quality data accumulated in RegPrecise will provide essential datasets of reference regulons in diverse microbes to enable automatic reconstruction of draft TRNs in newly sequenced genomes. We outline our progress toward the three aims of this grant proposal, which were: Develop integrated platform for genome-scale regulon reconstruction; Infer regulatory annotations in several groups of bacteria and building of reference collections of microbial regulons; and Develop KnowledgeBase on microbial transcriptional regulation.

  18. Agent organization in the knowledge plane

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Li, Ji, 1975-

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    In designing and building a network like the Internet, we continue to face the problems of scale and distribution. With the dramatic expansion in scale and heterogeneity of the Internet, network management has become an ...

  19. Agent Organization in the Knowledge Plane

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Li, Ji

    2008-06-11T23:59:59.000Z

    In designing and building a network like the Internet, we continue to face the problems of scale and distribution. With the dramatic expansion in scale and heterogeneity of the Internet, network management has become an ...

  20. A Data and Knowledge Management System for Intelligent Buildings

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hong, J.; Chen, Z.; Li, H.; Xu, Q.

    2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    words: Intelligent building; Assessment; Methodology; Information system 1. INTRODUCTION It is the development and application of modern technologies in the areas of information, communication, materials, and machinery in the construction.... According to our literature review [12], key technologies that support IBs include sustainable architecture, building structure control, building facility control, computer and network, information and communication, safety and security control...

  1. CiteSpace II: Visualization and Knowledge Discovery in Bibliographic Databases

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chen, Chaomei

    , and extracting knowledge is analogous to the sorting, cleaning, and grading process involved in mining minerals were extracted from PubMed and Web of Science (WOS) and developed as testbeds for evaluation as the automated or convenient extraction of patterns representing knowledge explicitly stored in large databases

  2. A Sandia nuclear weapon knowledge management program plan for FY 1998--2003. Volume 1: Synopsis

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    NONE

    1998-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This volume contains a synopsis and briefing charts for a five-year plan which describes a Knowledge Management Program needed to meet Sandia`s responsibility for maintaining safety, security, reliability, and operational effectiveness of the nuclear weapon stockpile. Although the knowledge and expertise required to maintain and upgrade the stockpile continues to be critical to the country`s defense, Sandia`s historical process for developing and advancing future knowledge and expertise needs to be addressed. This plan recommends implementing an aggressive Knowledge Management Program to assure retention and furtherance of Sandia`s expertise, beginning in fiscal year 1998, as an integrated approach to solving the expertise dilemma.

  3. Innovation Systems as Patent Networks: The Netherlands, India and Nanotech

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dolfsma, Wilfred

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Research in the domain of 'Innovation Studies' has been claimed to allow for the study of how technology will develop in the future. Some suggest that the National and Sectoral Innovation Systems literature has become bogged down, however, into case studies of how specific institutions affect innovation in a specific country. A useful notion for policy makers in particular, Balzat & Hanusch (2004) argued that there is a need for NIS studies to develop complementary and also quantitative methods in order to generate new insights that are comparable across national borders. We use data for patents granted by the World Intellectual Property Organization (WIPO) to map innovation systems. Groupings of patents into primary and secondary classes (co-classification) can be used as relational indicators. Knowledge from one class may be more easily used in another class when a co-classification relation exists. Using social network analysis, we map the co-classification of patents among classes and thus indicate wh...

  4. Efficient network camouflaging in wireless networks 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jiang, Shu

    2006-04-12T23:59:59.000Z

    when protected networks are wireless networks, such as sensor networks and mobile ad hoc networks. The reason is that wireless networks are typically subject to resource constraints (e.g. bandwidth, power supply) and possess some unique characteristics...

  5. ISPE: A knowledge-based system for fluidization studies

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Reddy, S.

    1991-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Chemical engineers use mathematical simulators to design, model, optimize and refine various engineering plants/processes. This procedure requires the following steps: (1) preparation of an input data file according to the format required by the target simulator; (2) excecuting the simulation; and (3) analyzing the results of the simulation to determine if all specified goals'' are satisfied. If the goals are not met, the input data file must be modified and the simulation repeated. This multistep process is continued until satisfactory results are obtained. This research was undertaken to develop a knowledge based system, IPSE (Intelligent Process Simulation Environment), that can enhance the productivity of chemical engineers/modelers by serving as an intelligent assistant to perform a variety tasks related to process simulation. ASPEN, a widely used simulator by the US Department of Energy (DOE) at Morgantown Energy Technology Center (METC) was selected as the target process simulator in the project. IPSE, written in the C language, was developed using a number of knowledge-based programming paradigms: object-oriented knowledge representation that uses inheritance and methods, rulebased inferencing (includes processing and propagation of probabilistic information) and data-driven programming using demons. It was implemented using the knowledge based environment LASER. The relationship of IPSE with the user, ASPEN, LASER and the C language is shown in Figure 1.

  6. Status of the NDLTD Networked Digital Library of Theses

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Beex, A. A. "Louis"

    Status of the NDLTD Networked Digital Library of Theses and Dissertations Gail McMillan Digital;The Networked Digital Library of Theses and Dissertations www.NDLTD.org Leader of the Worldwide ETD? · Help graduate students learn about e- publishing and digital libraries · Apply that knowledge

  7. Temporal Privacy in Wireless Sensor Networks: Theory and Practice

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Xu, Wenyuan

    with knowledge of the network deployment, routing algorithms, and the base-station (data sink) location can infer that effectively manages these tradeoffs. Finally, we evaluate our privacy enhancement strategies using simulations, Measurement, Performance, Theory Additional Key Words and Phrases: Sensor networks, privacy, security

  8. Data structures and apparatuses for representing knowledge

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Hohimer, Ryan E; Thomson, Judi R; Harvey, William J; Paulson, Patrick R; Whiting, Mark A; Tratz, Stephen C; Chappell, Alan R; Butner, Robert S

    2014-02-18T23:59:59.000Z

    Data structures and apparatuses to represent knowledge are disclosed. The processes can comprise labeling elements in a knowledge signature according to concepts in an ontology and populating the elements with confidence values. The data structures can comprise knowledge signatures stored on computer-readable media. The knowledge signatures comprise a matrix structure having elements labeled according to concepts in an ontology, wherein the value of the element represents a confidence that the concept is present in an information space. The apparatus can comprise a knowledge representation unit having at least one ontology stored on a computer-readable medium, at least one data-receiving device, and a processor configured to generate knowledge signatures by comparing datasets obtained by the data-receiving devices to the ontologies.

  9. Supporting Knowledge Transfer through Decomposable Reasoning Artifacts

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Pike, William A.; May, Richard A.; Turner, Alan E.

    2007-01-03T23:59:59.000Z

    Technology to support knowledge transfer and cooperative inquiry must offer its users the ability to effectively interpret knowledge structures produced by collaborators. Communicating the reasoning processes that underlie a finding is one method for enhancing interpretation, and can result in more effective evaluation and application of shared knowledge. In knowledge management tools, interpretation is aided by creating knowledge artifacts that can expose their provenance to scrutiny and that can be transformed into diverse representations that suit their consumers’ perspectives and preferences. We outline the information management needs of inquiring communities characterized by hypothesis generation tasks, and propose a model for communication, based in theories of hermeneutics, semiotics, and abduction, in which knowledge structures can be decomposed into the lower-level reasoning artifacts that produced them. We then present a proof-of-concept implementation for an environment to support the capture and communication of analytic products, with emphasis on the domain of intelligence analysis.

  10. On Facebook, Most Ties are Weak The emergence of pervasive socio-technical networks brings new

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ferrara, Emilio

    On Facebook, Most Ties are Weak Abstract The emergence of pervasive socio-technical networks brings's theory can be extended to online social networks like Facebook, suggesting to use interaction data requires knowledge of the topology of the social network, e.g., who is friend with whom on Facebook. Our

  11. Dynamic Supernetworks for the Integration of Social Networks and Supply Chains with

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nagurney, Anna

    of Social Networks in Economic Transactions · Examples from Marketing ­ Relationship marketing · Ganesan visualization tools #12;Applications of Supernetworks · Telecommuting/Commuting Decision-Making · Teleshopping Transactions · Reverse Supply Chains with E-Cycling · Energy Networks/Power Grids · Knowledge Networks #12;The

  12. Capturing and Using Knowledge about the Use of Visualization Toolkits

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Del Rio, Nicholas R.; Pinheiro da Silva, Paulo

    2012-11-02T23:59:59.000Z

    When constructing visualization pipelines using toolkits such as Visualization Toolkit (VTK) and Generic Mapping Tools (GMT), developers must understand (1) what toolkit operators will transform their data from its raw state to some required view state and (2) what viewers are available to present the generated view. Traditionally, developers learn about how to construct visualization pipelines by reading documentation and inspecting code examples, which can be costly in terms of the time and effort expended. Once an initial pipeline is constructed, developers may still have to undergo a trial and error process before a satisfactory visualization is generated. This paper presents the Visualization Knowledge Project (VisKo) that is built on a knowledge base of visualization toolkit operators and how they can be piped together to form visualization pipelines. Developers may now rely on VisKo to guide them when constructing visualization pipelines and in some cases, when VisKo has complete knowledge about some set of operators (i.e., sequencing and parameter settings), automatically generate a fully functional visualization pipeline.

  13. Distributed Digital Preservation: Technical, Sustainability, and Organizational Developments

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Walters, Tyler; Bishoff, Liz; Gore, Emily B.; Jordan, Mark; Wilson, Thomas C

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    preservation. OJS is an open-source journal management platform developed and supported by the Public Knowledge

  14. Hydrothermal Exploration Best Practices and Geothermal Knowledge...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    on Openei Jump to: navigation, search OpenEI Reference LibraryAdd to library Conference Paper: Hydrothermal Exploration Best Practices and Geothermal Knowledge Exchange on Openei...

  15. Central Characterization Program (CCP), Acceptable Knowledge...

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    for Los Alamos National Laboratory, TA-55 Mixed Transuranic Waste Streams Central Characterization Program (CCP), Acceptable Knowledge Summary Report for Los Alamos National...

  16. Knowledge and Skill Representations for Robotized Production

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Malec, Jacek

    : Model-based control, Knowledge representation, System architectures, Autonomous control, Industrial robots 1. INTRODUCTION Model-based systems in control are a means to utilize effi- ciently human

  17. Multimedia Knowledge Integration, Summarization and Evaluation Ana B. Benitez

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chang, Shih-Fu

    Multimedia Knowledge Integration, Summarization and Evaluation Ana B. Benitez Department multimedia knowledge. These are essential for multimedia applications to efficiently and coherently deal with multimedia knowledge at different abstraction levels such as perceptual and semantic knowledge (e.g., image

  18. Learning Energy Demand Domain Knowledge via Feature Transformation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Povinelli, Richard J.

    Learning Energy Demand Domain Knowledge via Feature Transformation Sanzad Siddique Department -- Domain knowledge is an essential factor for forecasting energy demand. This paper introduces a method knowledge substantially improves energy demand forecasting accuracy. However, domain knowledge may differ

  19. Clock synchronization for mobile ad hoc networks

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chandra, Rajan

    2013-02-22T23:59:59.000Z

    Time Protocol) used in wired networks (e.g. Internet) to Mobile Ad Hoc Networks (MANets). It may also be achieved by developing other algorithms that achieve clock synchronization and may be suitable for MANets. Using the Network Time Protocol (NTP...

  20. Object Oriented Artificial Neural Network Implementations

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Slatton, Clint

    1 Object Oriented Artificial Neural Network Implementations W. Curt Lefebvre Jose C. Principe Neuro artificial neural networks (ANNs). The conven- tion for ANN simulation has been a direct implementation to develop a graphical artificial neural network simulation environment motivated towards the pro- cessing

  1. DCnet Research Network David L. Mills

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mills, David L.

    dedicated to various network research projects in electrical engineering and computer science ­ Entire network or each subnet separately can be logically and electrically isolated from campus networks.4.1.25 albert Intel Pentium II 200 Linux program development 128.4.1.26 seminole Sun Blade 1500 Solaris 2.8 grad

  2. Preliminary Design of the APIARY for VLSI Support of Knowledge-Based Systems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hewitt, Carl

    Knowledge-based applications will require vastly increased computational resources to achieve their goals. We are working on the development of a VLSI Message Passing Architecture to meet this need. As a first step we ...

  3. Preservice Teachers’ Content Knowledge of Function Concept within a Contextual Environment

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Brown, Irving

    2012-10-19T23:59:59.000Z

    The overarching goal of this dissertation research was to develop and measure the psychometric properties of an instrument to assess preservice teachers’ content knowledge of the function concept embedded in contextual problems. This goal...

  4. Knowledge for Intelligent Industrial Robots A. Bjorkelund, J. Malec, K. Nilsson, P. Nugues

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Malec, Jacek

    Knowledge for Intelligent Industrial Robots A. Bj¨orkelund, J. Malec, K. Nilsson, P. Nugues Dept intelligence to industrial robotics and automation systems. We develop an architecture to integrate disparate

  5. Compiling functional reactive macroprograms for sensor networks

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Newton, Ryan Rhodes, 1980-

    2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Sensor networks present a number of novel programming challenges for application developers. Their inherent limitations of computational power, communication bandwidth, and energy demand new approaches to programming that ...

  6. Towards OWL-based Knowledge Representation in Petrology

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shkotin, Alex; Kudryavtsev, Dmitry

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This paper presents our work on development of OWL-driven systems for formal representation and reasoning about terminological knowledge and facts in petrology. The long-term aim of our project is to provide solid foundations for a large-scale integration of various kinds of knowledge, including basic terms, rock classification algorithms, findings and reports. We describe three steps we have taken towards that goal here. First, we develop a semi-automated procedure for transforming a database of igneous rock samples to texts in a controlled natural language (CNL), and then a collection of OWL ontologies. Second, we create an OWL ontology of important petrology terms currently described in natural language thesauri. We describe a prototype of a tool for collecting definitions from domain experts. Third, we present an approach to formalization of current industrial standards for classification of rock samples, which requires linear equations in OWL 2. In conclusion, we discuss a range of opportunities arising ...

  7. actor network perspective: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    actors and the powerful investment of the public sector in the development of this industry, both as an actor and as a sponsor. Networks in this study primarily refer to...

  8. Lifting task design associate: a knowledge-based system

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Brooks, Susan Elaine

    1993-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    sophisticated systems to aid in radar operations (Newquist, 1991). The first successful system is considered to be MYCIN This system was developed in the early 1970's to assist medical professionals in the diagnosis of hepatitis and meningitis (Hochron, 1990...LIFTING TASK DESIGN ASSOCIATE: A KNOWLEDGE-BASED SYSTEM A Thesis by Susan Elaine Brooks Submitted to the Oflice of Graduate Studies of Texas ARM University in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE...

  9. Hypertext as a debugging tool for knowledge-based systems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Schuette, John Frederick

    1990-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    in the nature of the consultation. Therefore, the HESDE is a more productive method of debugging expert systems than the traditional traces. The impact of these findings on both hypertext and expert systems development is discussed and further work... the processing of the system. Also, apparently minor changes in an expert system may bring about drastic changes in the course of a consultation. Depending on the tool, such a change may make the debugging task harder for the knowledge engineer, it would...

  10. A knowledge based model of electric utility operations. Final report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    NONE

    1993-08-11T23:59:59.000Z

    This report consists of an appendix to provide a documentation and help capability for an analyst using the developed expert system of electric utility operations running in CLIPS. This capability is provided through a separate package running under the WINDOWS Operating System and keyed to provide displays of text, graphics and mixed text and graphics that explain and elaborate on the specific decisions being made within the knowledge based expert system.

  11. Network Bandwidth Utilization Forecast Model on High Bandwidth Network

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Yoo, Wucherl; Sim, Alex

    2014-07-07T23:59:59.000Z

    With the increasing number of geographically distributed scientific collaborations and the scale of the data size growth, it has become more challenging for users to achieve the best possible network performance on a shared network. We have developed a forecast model to predict expected bandwidth utilization for high-bandwidth wide area network. The forecast model can improve the efficiency of resource utilization and scheduling data movements on high-bandwidth network to accommodate ever increasing data volume for large-scale scientific data applications. Univariate model is developed with STL and ARIMA on SNMP path utilization data. Compared with traditional approach such as Box-Jenkins methodology, our forecast model reduces computation time by 83.2percent. It also shows resilience against abrupt network usage change. The accuracy of the forecast model is within the standard deviation of the monitored measurements.

  12. Computationally Efficient Neural Network Intrusion Security Awareness

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Todd Vollmer; Milos Manic

    2009-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

    An enhanced version of an algorithm to provide anomaly based intrusion detection alerts for cyber security state awareness is detailed. A unique aspect is the training of an error back-propagation neural network with intrusion detection rule features to provide a recognition basis. Network packet details are subsequently provided to the trained network to produce a classification. This leverages rule knowledge sets to produce classifications for anomaly based systems. Several test cases executed on ICMP protocol revealed a 60% identification rate of true positives. This rate matched the previous work, but 70% less memory was used and the run time was reduced to less than 1 second from 37 seconds.

  13. Applied knowledge to meet society's needs.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Langendoen, Koen

    Applied knowledge to meet society's needs. Applied Physics covers phenomena ranging from knowledge and hands-on experience in experimental techniques, theoretical analysis, simulation and modelling of radiation. The focus of the research is on energy and health. While the topics addressed ­ covering

  14. Knowledge representation in process engineering Ulrike Sattler

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Baader, Franz

    Knowledge representation in process engineering Ulrike Sattler RWTH Aachen, uli, the tasks we are concerned with in process engineering are described as well as how knowledge representation@cantor.informatik.rwth­aachen.de Abstract Process engineering is surely no pure con­ figuration application, but modeling the structure

  15. Rural Knowledge Clusters: Implications for Minnesota State

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Levinson, David M.

    communities face tremendous challenges in adapting to a knowledge-based global economy. The "knowledge economy to innovate. Traditional rural economic staples are under growing pressure due to globalization of markets, and diseconomies of scale and outmigration hinder adjustment in the rural economy. Consequently a growing gap

  16. OBJECTIVES OF THE EDINBURGH KNOWLEDGE ENVIRONMENT

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Painter, Kevin

    OBJECTIVES OF THE EDINBURGH KNOWLEDGE ENVIRONMENT PARTNERSHIP The University of Edinburgh, Heriot and natural environment. The Edinburgh Knowledge Environment Partnership will thus provide a unique research between key stakeholders in the built and natural environment and to reach out in assisting

  17. A Product Software Knowledge Infrastructure for

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Utrecht, Universiteit

    1 A Product Software Knowledge Infrastructure for Situational Capability Maturation: Vision and Case Studies in Product Management Inge van de Weerd, Johan Versendaal and Sjaak Brinkkemper Department-3275 #12;2 A Product Software Knowledge Infrastructure for Situational Capability Maturation: Vision

  18. A knowledge of the potential

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sali, Andrej

    is as important for understanding protein folding as is the potential surface for the H H2 reaction. estimated to protein folding, in which thousands of atoms take part. The under- standing of a reaction is based of experimental developments and theoretical advances.[1] By contrast, protein folding is so complex that even

  19. A Generic WebBased Network Management Application

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Afek, Yehuda

    of network manage­ ment applications that eliminates most of the tedious work, and reduces development costsA Generic Web­Based Network Management Application Yehuda Afek \\Lambda Yoram Cohen y Computer to network management is introduced. In traditional network management each management application

  20. Cognitive Radio Networks as Sensor Networks

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bandari, Dorna; Yang, Seung R.; Zhao, Yue; Pottie, Gregory

    2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    assuming the cognitive radios know their own coordinates.Networked Sensing Cognitive Radio Networks As SensorIntroduction: Cognitive Radio (CR) Networks The Need For

  1. KNOWLEDGE WEB: REALISING THE SEMANTIC WEB... ALL THE WAY TO KNOWLEDGE ENHANCED MULTIMEDIA

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    KNOWLEDGE WEB: REALISING THE SEMANTIC WEB... ALL THE WAY TO KNOWLEDGE ENHANCED MULTIMEDIA DOCUMENTS benefit knowledge-enhanced multimedia applications. 1. Introduction The current World Wide Web (WWW) is without some pre-existing, human- created agreements outside the web. This applies to multimedia documents

  2. IGENPRO knowledge-based digital system for process transient diagnostics and management

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Morman, J.A.; Reifman, J.; Wei, T.Y.C. [Argonne National Lab., IL (United States)] [and others

    1997-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

    Verification and validation issues have been perceived as important factors in the large scale deployment of knowledge-based digital systems for plant transient diagnostics and management. Research and development (R&D) is being performed on the IGENPRO package to resolve knowledge base issues. The IGENPRO approach is to structure the knowledge bases on generic thermal-hydraulic (T-H) first principles and not use the conventional event-basis structure. This allows for generic comprehensive knowledge, relatively small knowledge bases and above all the possibility of T-H system/plant independence. To demonstrate concept feasibility the knowledge structure has been implemented in the diagnostic module PRODIAG. Promising laboratory testing results have been obtained using data from the full scope Braidwood PWR operator training simulator. This knowledge structure is now being implemented in the transient management module PROMANA to treat unanticipated events and the PROTREN module is being developed to process actual plant data. Achievement of the IGENPRO R&D goals should contribute to the acceptance of knowledge-based digital systems for transient diagnostics and management.

  3. Constructing Information Networks from Text Documents

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Toivonen, Hannu

    Constructing Information Networks from Text Documents Matjaz Jursic1 , Nada Lavrac1,2 , Igor representation of data/knowledge generated from text documents available on the web. The problem addressed is how of information source complexity ­ type diversity as well as volume size. Efficient management and processing

  4. Continuous Time Bayesian Network Approximate Inference and Social Network Applications

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fan, Yu

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Modeling Social Network Dynamics . . . . . . . . . . . .85 Social Network Dynamic85 Static Social Network Models . . . . . . . . . . . . .

  5. A knowledge-based manager for software projects

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Agarwal, A.; Jairam, B.N.; Emrich, M.L.; Murthy, N.

    1988-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Management aspects of software development have received little research interest. The SOFTMAN system addresses the automation of this feature of the SDLC. It is a knowledge-based system which tracks the health of a software development effort. By comparing user metrics to past environment standards, anomalies in the coding stage are detected and suggestions for solving them are offered. In addition, SOFTMAN can be used to tutor new personnel, perform what-if anaylsis, and build a corporate memory regarding managment decisions. 15 refs., 2 figs.

  6. Incremental learning for automated knowledge capture.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Benz, Zachary O.; Basilico, Justin Derrick; Davis, Warren Leon,; Dixon, Kevin R.; Jones, Brian S.; Martin, Nathaniel; Wendt, Jeremy Daniel

    2013-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

    People responding to high-consequence national-security situations need tools to help them make the right decision quickly. The dynamic, time-critical, and ever-changing nature of these situations, especially those involving an adversary, require models of decision support that can dynamically react as a situation unfolds and changes. Automated knowledge capture is a key part of creating individualized models of decision making in many situations because it has been demonstrated as a very robust way to populate computational models of cognition. However, existing automated knowledge capture techniques only populate a knowledge model with data prior to its use, after which the knowledge model is static and unchanging. In contrast, humans, including our national-security adversaries, continually learn, adapt, and create new knowledge as they make decisions and witness their effect. This artificial dichotomy between creation and use exists because the majority of automated knowledge capture techniques are based on traditional batch machine-learning and statistical algorithms. These algorithms are primarily designed to optimize the accuracy of their predictions and only secondarily, if at all, concerned with issues such as speed, memory use, or ability to be incrementally updated. Thus, when new data arrives, batch algorithms used for automated knowledge capture currently require significant recomputation, frequently from scratch, which makes them ill suited for use in dynamic, timecritical, high-consequence decision making environments. In this work we seek to explore and expand upon the capabilities of dynamic, incremental models that can adapt to an ever-changing feature space.

  7. An accurate comparison of methods for quantifying variable importance in artificial neural networks using simulated data

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Joy, Mike

    An accurate comparison of methods for quantifying variable importance in artificial neural networks, Joy and Death: Assessing variable contributions in neural networks 2 Abstract Artificial neural elements called artificial neural networks (ANNs). Although ANNs were initially developed to better

  8. Towards a Tailored Sensor Network for Fire Emergency Monitoring in Large buildings 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Upadhyay, Rochan

    2007-10-02T23:59:59.000Z

    In this presentation, we describe some of the ongoing efforts in developing a wireless sensor network tailored specifically for fire emergency monitoring. Network simulations of a dense sensor network with a flat architecture ...

  9. Inter-group relationships and networks in an outdoor recreation setting

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bajc, Vida

    1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    information sharing behavior; c) investigate how information relationships are patterned across egocentric networks; d) evaluate linkages in the networks by comparing network profiles across activities and groups; e) develop hypotheses for future testing...

  10. NetworksNetworks andand hypernetworkshypernetworks 33

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Vilela Mendes, Rui

    NetworksNetworks andand hypernetworkshypernetworks 33 NetworksNetworks inin economyeconomy Rui.1 #12;TheThe networksnetworks ofof thethe corporatecorporate eliteelite TheThe Elite 16Elite 16 inin informationinformation inin thethe networknetwork !! CorporateCorporate governancegovernance practicespractices

  11. An Insulating Glass Knowledge Base

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Michael L. Doll; Gerald Hendrickson; Gerard Lagos; Russell Pylkki; Chris Christensen; Charlie Cureija

    2005-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This report will discuss issues relevant to Insulating Glass (IG) durability performance by presenting the observations and developed conclusions in a logical sequential format. This concluding effort discusses Phase II activities and focuses on beginning to quantifying IG durability issues while continuing the approach presented in the Phase I activities (Appendix 1) which discuss a qualitative assessment of durability issues. Phase II developed a focus around two specific IG design classes previously presented in Phase I of this project. The typical box spacer and thermoplastic spacer design including their Failure Modes and Effect Analysis (FMEA) and Fault Tree diagrams were chosen to address two currently used IG design options with varying components and failure modes. The system failures occur due to failures of components or their interfaces. Efforts to begin quantifying the durability issues focused on the development and delivery of an included computer based IG durability simulation program. The focus/effort to deliver the foundation for a comprehensive IG durability simulation tool is necessary to address advancements needed to meet current and future building envelope energy performance goals. This need is based upon the current lack of IG field failure data and the lengthy field observation time necessary for this data collection. Ultimately, the simulation program is intended to be used by designers throughout the current and future industry supply chain. Its use is intended to advance IG durability as expectations grow around energy conservation and with the growth of embedded technologies as required to meet energy needs. In addition the tool has the immediate benefit of providing insight for research and improvement prioritization. Included in the simulation model presentation are elements and/or methods to address IG materials, design, process, quality, induced stress (environmental and other factors), validation, etc. In addition, acquired data is presented in support of project and model assumptions. Finally, current and suggested testing protocol and procedure for future model validation and IG physical testing are discussed.

  12. A Combined Doctrine of Knowledge for Plato

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Laidlaw-Johnson, E. A.

    describes the soul as a long-lived thing that wears out several short-lived bodies much as a person wears out several coats in a life time (Ph. 87d). While this soul/body distinction will aid in our understanding of knowledge, it is the soul...—a man's recollection of a single piece of knowledge. The characterizations of learning in the Phaedo and Meno are compatible with the theory of knowledge via recollection-the doctrine introduced in the Meno. Gearly, both the Phaedo and Meno accounts...

  13. Fostering continuous innovation in design with an integrated knowledge management approach

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Xu, J; Caillaud, Emmanuel; Gardoni, Mickaël; 10.1016/j.compind.2010.12.005

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    In the global competition, companies are propelled by an immense pressure to innovate. The trend to produce more new knowledge-intensive products or services and the rapid progress of information technologies arouse huge interest on knowledge management for innovation. However the strategy of knowledge management is not widely adopted for innovation in industries due to a lack of an effective approach of their integration. This study aims to help the designers to innovate more efficiently based on an integrated approach of knowledge management. Based on this integrated approach, a prototype of distributed knowledge management system for innovation is developed. An industrial application is presented and its initial results indicate the applicability of the approach and the prototype in practice.

  14. Routing in hybrid networks

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gupta, Avinash

    2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Hybrid networks are networks that have wired as well as wireless components. Several routing protocols exist for traditional wired networks and mobile ad-hoc networks. However, there are very few routing protocols designed for hybrid networks...

  15. A Sociospatial Approach to Understanding Terrorist Networks

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Medina, Richard M [ORNL; Hepner, George F. [University of Utah

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Terrorist networks operate in hybrid space where activities in social and geographic spaces are necessary for logistics and security. The Islamist terrorist network is analyzed as a sociospatial system using social network analysis, Geographic Information Science (GISc), and novel techniques designed for hybrid space analyses. This research focuses on identifying distance and sociospatial dependencies within the terrorist network. A methodology for analyzing sociospatial systems is developed and results lead to a greater understanding of terrorist network structures and activities. Distance and sociospatial dependencies are shown to exist for the Islamist terrorist network structure. These findings are discordant with recent literature that focuses on terrorist network tendencies toward decentralization in the information age. In this research, the Islamist terrorist network is theorized to use multiple structures of hierarchical and decentralized organization for effectiveness, efficiency, and resilience. Implications for counterterrorism policy and strategies are given.

  16. Networks in Buildings: Which Path Forward?

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Nordman, Bruce

    2008-08-17T23:59:59.000Z

    To date, digital networks have principally been installed for connecting information technology devices, with more modest use in consumer electronics, security, and large building control systems. The next 20 years will see much greater deployment of networks in buildings of all types, and across all end uses. Most of these are likely to be introduced primarily for reasons other than energy efficiency, and add energy use for network interfaces and network products. Widespread networking could easily lead to increased energy use, and experience with IT and CE networks suggests this may be likely. Active engagement by energy efficiency professionals in the architecture and design of future networks could lead to their being a large and highly cost-effective tool for efficiency. However, network standards are complex and take many years to develop and negotiate so that lack of action on this in the near term may foreclose important opportunities for years or decades to come. Digital networks need to be common globally, providing another challenge to building systems and elements that are more commonly designed only for national or regional markets. Key future networks are lighting, climate control, and security/presence. This paper reviews some examples of past network designs and use and the lessons they hold for future building networks. It also highlights key needed areas for research, policy, and standards development.

  17. Peer-to-Peer Networks Social Networks

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Marbach, Peter

    Overview Peer-to-Peer Networks Social Networks Research Hybrid Peer-to-Peer Networks P2P and Online Social Networks: The Best Has Yet to Come Peter Marbach, Dept. of Computer Science University of Toronto P2P and Online Social Networks: The Best Has Yet to Come #12;Overview Peer-to-Peer Networks Social

  18. Toward the 24-Hour Knowledge Factory

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gupta, Amar

    2004-03-12T23:59:59.000Z

    The term 24-Hour Knowledge Factory connotes a globally distributed work environment in which members of the global team work on a project around the clock; each member of the team works the normal workday hours that pertain ...

  19. Toward the 24-Hour Knowledge Factory

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gupta, Amar

    2004-12-10T23:59:59.000Z

    The term 24-Hour Knowledge Factory connotes a globally distributed work environment in which members of the global team work on a project around the clock; each member of the team works the normal workday ...

  20. Explicit Evidence Systems with Common Knowledge

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sola, Rolf Haenni

    Explicit Evidence Systems with Common Knowledge Samuel Bucheli, Roman Kuznets, and Thomas Studer Institut f¨ur Informatik und angewandte Mathematik, Universit¨at Bern Bern, Switzerland { bucheli, kuznets

  1. Speech production knowledge in automatic speech recognition 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    King, Simon; Frankel, Joe; Livescu, Karen; McDermott, Erik; Richmond, Korin; Wester, Mirjam

    2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Although much is known about how speech is produced, and research into speech production has resulted in measured articulatory data, feature systems of different kinds and numerous models, speech production knowledge is almost totally ignored...

  2. Data Mining and Knowledge Discovery: Practice Notes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Novak, Petra Kralj

    1 Data Mining and Knowledge Discovery: Practice Notes Petra Kralj Novak Petra.Kralj.Novak@ijs.si and exam · 2013/1/15: Written exam, seminar proposal discussion · 2013/2/12: Data mining seminar

  3. Data Mining and Knowledge Discovery: Practice Notes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Novak, Petra Kralj

    1 Data Mining and Knowledge Discovery: Practice Notes Petra Kralj Novak Petra.Kralj.Novak@ijs.si on Weka 3: Descriptive data mining ­ Discussion about seminars and exam · 2013/12/16: Written exam

  4. Towards Continuous Knowledge Engineering Klaas Schilstra and Pieter Spronck

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Spronck, Pieter

    Towards Continuous Knowledge Engineering Klaas Schilstra and Pieter Spronck Knowledge Based Systems.schilstra; p.spronck}@bouw.tno.nl www.tno.nl Abstract: Continuous Knowledge Engineering is an alternative approach to knowledge engineering that embraces the philosophy that knowledge systems are open

  5. Grid of security: a new approach of the network security Olivier FLAUZAC, Florent NOLOT, Cyril RABAT, Luiz-Angelo STEFFENEL

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    Grid of security: a new approach of the network security Olivier FLAUZAC, Florent NOLOT, Cyril-angelo.steffenel}@univ-reims.fr Abstract--Network security is in a daily evolving domain. Every day, new attacks, virus or intrusion knowledge, a distributed and easily manageable solution for the global security of an enterprise network

  6. On the Modular Dynamics of Financial Market Networks

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Silva, Filipi N; Peron, Thomas K DM; Rodrigues, Francisco A; Ye, Cheng; Wilson, Richard C; Costa, Edwin Hancockm Luciano da F

    2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The financial market is a complex dynamical system composed of a large variety of intricate relationships between several entities, such as banks, corporations and institutions. At the heart of the system lies the stock exchange mechanism, which establishes a time-evolving network of transactions among companies and individuals. Such network can be inferred through correlations between time series of companies stock prices, allowing the overall system to be characterized by techniques borrowed from network science. Here we study the presence of communities in the inferred stock market network, and show that the knowledge about the communities alone can provide a nearly complete representation of the system topology. This is done by defining a simple random model sharing only the sizes and interconnectivity between communities observed in the time-evolving stock market network. We show that many topological characteristics of the inferred networks are preserved in the modeled networks. In particular, we find t...

  7. On the performance management of heterogeneous networks using SNMP

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kunapareddy, Padmaja

    1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Platform, which provides basic plat- form services and developer's environment. HP Network Node Manager is commonly Courtesy-Omnes, A Schlumberger/ Cahle 6 Wireless Company referred to as "HP Open View" which includes the SNMP platform and in addi- tion... CHAPTER Page INTRODUCTION . A B C D Network Management . 1. Network Management Architecture . 2. Network Management Entities Simple Network Management Protocol - SNMP 1. Management Information Base . 2. Operations 3. Message Format 4. Data...

  8. An introduction to artificial neural networks

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    C. A. L. Bailer-Jones; R. Gupta; H. P. Singh

    2001-02-13T23:59:59.000Z

    Artificial neural networks are algorithms which have been developed to tackle a range of computational problems. These range from modelling brain function to making predictions of time-dependent phenomena to solving hard (NP-complete) problems. In this introduction we describe a single, yet very important, type of network known as a feedforward network. This network is a mathematical model which can be trained to learn an arbitrarily complex relationship between a data and a parameter domain, so can be used to solve interpolation and classification problems. We discuss the structure, training and interpretation of these networks, and their implementation, taking the classification of stellar spectra as an example.

  9. An Ontological Schema for Sharing Conceptual Engineering Knowledge

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mizoguchi, Riichiro

    An Ontological Schema for Sharing Conceptual Engineering Knowledge Yoshinobu Kitamura and Riichiro have been suffering the difficulty in sharing conceptual engineering knowledge about functionality. Introduction In the engineering design community, the importance of knowledge sharing among designers has been

  10. ARKTOS: a knowledge engineering software tool for images

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Soh, L. K.; Tsatsoulis, Costas

    2002-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The goal of our ARKTOS project is to build an intelligent knowledge-based system to classify satellite sea ice images. It involves acquiring knowledge from sea ice experts, quantifying such knowledge as computational entities and ultimately building...

  11. Phoebus: Network Middleware for Next-Generation Network Computing

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Martin Swany

    2012-06-16T23:59:59.000Z

    The Phoebus project investigated algorithms, protocols, and middleware infrastructure to improve end-to-end performance in high speed, dynamic networks. The Phoebus system essentially serves as an adaptation point for networks with disparate capabilities or provisioning. This adaptation can take a variety of forms including acting as a provisioning agent across multiple signaling domains, providing transport protocol adaptation points, and mapping between distributed resource reservation paradigms and the optical network control plane. We have successfully developed the system and demonstrated benefits. The Phoebus system was deployed in Internet2 and in ESnet, as well as in GEANT2, RNP in Brazil and over international links to Korea and Japan. Phoebus is a system that implements a new protocol and associated forwarding infrastructure for improving throughput in high-speed dynamic networks. It was developed to serve the needs of large DOE applications on high-performance networks. The idea underlying the Phoebus model is to embed Phoebus Gateways (PGs) in the network as on-ramps to dynamic circuit networks. The gateways act as protocol translators that allow legacy applications to use dedicated paths with high performance.

  12. Designing a Bayesian Network for Preventive Maintenance from Expert Opinions in a Rapid

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    Designing a Bayesian Network for Preventive Maintenance from Expert Opinions in a Rapid-Linear Model, Expert Opinion, Complexity Reduction, Maintenance. 1 Introduction Preventive maintenance became essential. Preventive maintenance of a system is taking into account expert knowledge, feedback

  13. Building Bayesian Networks through Ontologies Eveline M. Helsper 1 and Linda C. van der Gaag 1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Utrecht, Universiteit

    Building Bayesian Networks through Ontologies Eveline M. Helsper 1 and Linda C. van der Gaag 1 Utrecht, The Netherlands. Email: {eveline,linda}@cs.uu.nl In this paper, we propose a knowledge

  14. agricultural research institute: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    realm of knowledge and develops solutions to problems relevant to the agriculture, food University is an Equal OpportunityEqual Access institution. National Funding Trends ...

  15. The Oil and Natural Gas Knowledge Management Database from NETL

    DOE Data Explorer [Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)]

    The Knowledge Management Database (KMD) Portal provides four options for searching the documents and data that NETL-managed oil and gas research has produced over the years for DOE’s Office of Fossil Energy. Information includes R&D carried out under both historical and ongoing DOE oil and gas research and development (R&D). The Document Repository, the CD/DVD Library, the Project Summaries from 1990 to the present, and the Oil and Natural Gas Program Reference Shelf provide a wide range of flexibility and coverage.

  16. ORISE: Partnership Development in Health Communication

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Partnership Development The Oak Ridge Institute for Science and Education (ORISE) helps government agencies tackle public health issues by building solid networks of citizens,...

  17. The Machinery of Knowledge: An Ontology-Registry for a Geospatial Knowledge

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stock, Kristin

    1 The Machinery of Knowledge: An Ontology-Registry for a Geospatial Knowledge Infrastructure for Geospatial Science, University of Nottingham, UK 2 Allworlds Geothinking, UK 3 EDINA, UK 4 Cardiff University *Corresponding author: Centre for Geospatial Science, School of Geography, University of Nottingham, NG7 2RD, UK

  18. A multivalued knowledge-base model

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Achs, Agnes

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The basic aim of our study is to give a possible model for handling uncertain information. This model is worked out in the framework of DATALOG. At first the concept of fuzzy Datalog will be summarized, then its extensions for intuitionistic- and interval-valued fuzzy logic is given and the concept of bipolar fuzzy Datalog is introduced. Based on these ideas the concept of multivalued knowledge-base will be defined as a quadruple of any background knowledge; a deduction mechanism; a connecting algorithm, and a function set of the program, which help us to determine the uncertainty levels of the results. At last a possible evaluation strategy is given.

  19. IEEE 342 Node Low Voltage Networked Test System

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Schneider, Kevin P.; Phanivong, Phillippe K.; Lacroix, Jean-Sebastian

    2014-07-31T23:59:59.000Z

    The IEEE Distribution Test Feeders provide a benchmark for new algorithms to the distribution analyses community. The low voltage network test feeder represents a moderate size urban system that is unbalanced and highly networked. This is the first distribution test feeder developed by the IEEE that contains unbalanced networked components. The 342 node Low Voltage Networked Test System includes many elements that may be found in a networked system: multiple 13.2kV primary feeders, network protectors, a 120/208V grid network, and multiple 277/480V spot networks. This paper presents a brief review of the history of low voltage networks and how they evolved into the modern systems. This paper will then present a description of the 342 Node IEEE Low Voltage Network Test System and power flow results.

  20. STIMULUS: End-System Network Interface Controller for 100 Gb/s Wide Area Networks

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Zarkesh-Ha, Payman [University of New Mexico

    2014-09-12T23:59:59.000Z

    The main goal of this research grant is to develop a system-level solution leveraging novel technologies that enable network communications at 100 Gb/s or beyond. University of New Mexico in collaboration with Acadia Optronics LLC has been working on this project to develop the 100 Gb/s Network Interface Controller (NIC) under this Department of Energy (DOE) grant.

  1. The Varieties of Self-Knowledge

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kabeshkin, Anton Sergeevich

    2012-07-16T23:59:59.000Z

    to it. In particular, drawing from the works of G.E.M. Anscombe5 and Kieran Setiya,6 I will attempt to link it with the so-called ?knowledge how.? However, this suggested link will have only the hypothetical status, and I will raise some problems...

  2. Removed Barriers: 3.32 Knowledge

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fabrikant, Sara Irina

    Students Average Values from Entry and Exit Surveys for Participants in 2006 Workshops ENTRY 1 BarriersResults EXIT 2 Removed Barriers: 3.32 Knowledge 3.67 GIS 3.46 Data Access 3.68 Software Use 3

  3. Proof of Proximity of Knowledge Serge Vaudenay

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    ://lasec.epfl.ch Abstract. Public-key distance bounding schemes are needed to defeat relay attacks in payment systems. So far, only two such schemes exist, but fail to fully protect against malicious provers. In this paper. Like proofs of knowledge, these protocols must satisfy completeness, soundness (protection

  4. Formalizing Information Security Knowledge Stefan Fenz

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Formalizing Information Security Knowledge Stefan Fenz Vienna University of Technology Vienna ontology which provides an on- tological structure for information security domain knowl- edge. Besides of the considered organization is incorporated. An evaluation conducted by an information security expert team has

  5. `KNOWLEDGE AND VIRTUE: RESPONSE TO KELP'

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Edinburgh, University of

    1 `KNOWLEDGE AND VIRTUE: RESPONSE TO KELP' DUNCAN PRITCHARD University of Edinburgh In a very interesting paper, `Pritchard on Virtue Epistemology', Christoph Kelp argues that my recent critique ability). In particular, RVE does not involve any appeal to an anti-luck condition.2 As Kelp makes clear

  6. The Life Sciences and Knowledge for a

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    and environmental monitoring and assessment 2009­2012 #12;1SLU's strategy for research, education and environmental, education and environmental monitoring and assessment The Life Sciences and Knowledge for a Sustainable Future SLU's strategy for research, education and environmental monitoring and assessment 2009­2012 #12

  7. Global Emergence of Frontier Knowledge November 2013

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yamamoto, Hirosuke

    , Infrastructure, Medical and Biologi- cal Engineering, Mineral Resources, Nano Physics, SustainabilityGlobal Emergence of Frontier Knowledge November 2013 Nov. 7th U.CatĂłlica (Casa Central) 09:00 Doors, Culture & Body, Earthquakes, Tsunami & Volcanoes, Element & Material Sciences, Food Resource

  8. Report on the project Building knowledge

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Report on the project Building knowledge To build citizens To build cities UPF CAMPUS ICŔRIA INTERNATIONAL PROJECT 2010 International Campus of Excellence Programme #12;UPF CAMPUS ICŔRIA INTERNATIONAL version of this document can be found at: www.upf.edu/icaria UPF CAMPUS ICŔRIA INTERNATIONAL PROJECT

  9. Data Mining and Knowledge Discovery: Practice Notes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Novak, Petra Kralj

    1 Data Mining and Knowledge Discovery: Practice Notes dr. Petra Kralj Novak Petra.Kralj.Novak@ijs.si and exam · 2013/12/16: Written exam, seminar proposal discussion · 2014/1/8: Data mining seminar gain becomes the root 7. Divide the set S into subsets Si according to the values of A 8. Repeat steps

  10. Data Mining and Knowledge Petra Kralj Novak

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Novak, Petra Kralj

    1 Data Mining and Knowledge Discovery Petra Kralj Novak Petra.Kralj.Novak@ijs.si 2011/11/08 #12 in Weka ­ Discussion about seminars and exam ­ Hands on Weka 3 · 2011/12/20: Written exam, seminar. Divide the set S into subsets Si according to the values of A 8. Repeat steps 1-7 on each Si Test

  11. WEB OF KNOWLEDGE --WEB OF SCIENCE--

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wu, Yih-Min

    WEB OF KNOWLEDGE --WEB OF SCIENCE-- #12; Web of Science (SCIE, SSCI, AHCI) EndNote Journal Citation Reports (JCR) Essential Science Indicators (ESI) ResearcherID.com #12;WEB OF SCIENCE ? · · · · EndNoteweb Copyright © 2009 Shou Ray Information Service Co., Ltd #12;Web of Science

  12. Knowledge-Projection for Tele-Maintenance

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tu, Yicheng

    search ... · Linkage to Data Mining ­ Tightly coupled with dynamic process events ­ Real-time data it #12;! #12;33 The Knowledge Base Our underlying Dynamic Process XML/XSL technology makes it possible Components · Dynamic Process ­ Step-by-step description of events, decision points, drill-down points, data

  13. Prediction Markets Partition model of knowledge

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fiat, Amos

    Prediction Markets Partition model of knowledge Distributed information markets Convergence time bounds Computational Aspects of Prediction Markets David M. Pennock and Rahul Sami December 5, 2012 Presented by: Rami Eitan David M. Pennock and Rahul Sami Computational Aspects of Prediction Markets #12

  14. Semantic Knowledge Management for Education Andrea Kohlhase

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kohlhase, Michael

    Semantic Knowledge Management for Education Andrea Kohlhase Dept. of Mathematics and Computer.kohlhase@jacobs-university.de Abstract `Semantic technologies' are touted as the next big wave in Educational Technology notions e.g. of `seman- tics', yielding specific problems in their interplay. In this paper we take a look

  15. A SAGA OF KNOWLEDGE Table of Contents

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Charette, André

    The University moves out of the Latin Quarter onto Mount Royal, into a new building designed by architect Ernest, was a landmark in the annals of Francophone philanthropy. This report reflects the winds of renewal coursing teaching and lively student life. Ours is a saga of knowledge such has rarely unfolded in North America

  16. THE SOFTWARE KNOWLEDGE BASE Bertrand Meyer

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Meyer, Bertrand

    knowledge base" keeps track of software components and their properties; these properties are described, implementation, testing, project management). The use of the binary relational model for describing the properties of software is hacked by a theoretical study of the relations and constraints which play

  17. Alerts in BIOSIS Previews via ISI Web of Knowledge

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    California at San Diego, University of

    Alerts in BIOSIS Previews® via ISI Web of Knowledge The alerting capability in ISI Web of Knowledge research. This powerful feature is accessible via the ISI Web of Knowledge homepage, where you can log on emailing of search results, follow these steps: 1. Sign in to ISI Web of Knowledge via the link on the ISI

  18. Knowledge Engineering for non-Engineers Tatiana Gavrilova

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyer, Edmond

    Knowledge Engineering for non-Engineers Tatiana Gavrilova Graduate School of Management - Saint be interesting for the knowledge engineering research and practicising community. KEYWORDS: knowledge engineering-233" DOI : 10.1007/978-3-642-16327-2_28 #12;2 Knowledge Engineering for non-Engineers is one

  19. Evaluating Verification and Validation Methods in Knowledge Engineering

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chen-Burger, Yun-Heh (Jessica)

    Evaluating Verification and Validation Methods in Knowledge Engineering Alun Preece University: Verification and validation (V&V) techniques have always been an essential part of the knowledge engineering effective V&V techniques. 1. The Art of Knowledge Engineering Knowledge-based systems (KBS) have proven

  20. Applying Semantic Web Technologies to Knowledge Sharing in Aerospace Engineering

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ciravegna, Fabio

    Applying Semantic Web Technologies to Knowledge Sharing in Aerospace Engineering A.-S. Dadzie , R. This paper details an integrated methodology to optimise Knowledge reuse and sharing, illustrated with a use of Knowledge from legacy documents via automated means, or directly in systems interfacing with Knowledge

  1. Network Automata: Coupling structure and function in real-world networks

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    David M. D. Smith; Jukka-Pekka Onnela; Chiu Fan Lee; Mark Fricker; Neil F. Johnson

    2009-07-17T23:59:59.000Z

    We introduce Network Automata, a framework which couples the topological evolution of a network to its structure. It is useful for dealing with networks in which the topology evolves according to some specified microscopic rules and, simultaneously, there is a dynamic process taking place on the network that both depends on its structure but is also capable of modifying it. It is a generic framework for modeling systems in which network structure, dynamics, and function are interrelated. At the practical level, this framework allows for easy implementation of the microscopic rules involved in such systems. To demonstrate the approach, we develop a class of simple biologically inspired models of fungal growth.

  2. Technical and analytical support to the ARPA Artificial Neural Network Technology Program

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    NONE

    1995-09-16T23:59:59.000Z

    Strategic Analysis (SA) has provided ongoing work for the Advanced Research Projects Agency (ARPA) Artificial Neural Network (ANN) technology program. This effort provides technical and analytical support to the ARPA ANN technology program in support of the following information areas of interest: (1) Alternative approaches for application of ANN technology, hardware approaches that utilize the inherent massive parallelism of ANN technology, and novel ANN theory and modeling analyses. (2) Promising military applications for ANN technology. (3) Measures to use in judging success of ANN technology research and development. (4) Alternative strategies for ARPA involvement in ANN technology R&D. These objectives were accomplished through the development of novel information management tools, strong SA knowledge base, and effective communication with contractors, agents, and other program participants. These goals have been realized. Through enhanced tracking and coordination of research, the ANN program is healthy and recharged for future technological breakthroughs.

  3. Processing large sensor data sets for safeguards : the knowledge generation system.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Thomas, Maikel A.; Smartt, Heidi Anne; Matthews, Robert F.

    2012-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Modern nuclear facilities, such as reprocessing plants, present inspectors with significant challenges due in part to the sheer amount of equipment that must be safeguarded. The Sandia-developed and patented Knowledge Generation system was designed to automatically analyze large amounts of safeguards data to identify anomalous events of interest by comparing sensor readings with those expected from a process of interest and operator declarations. This paper describes a demonstration of the Knowledge Generation system using simulated accountability tank sensor data to represent part of a reprocessing plant. The demonstration indicated that Knowledge Generation has the potential to address several problems critical to the future of safeguards. It could be extended to facilitate remote inspections and trigger random inspections. Knowledge Generation could analyze data to establish trust hierarchies, to facilitate safeguards use of operator-owned sensors.

  4. Implementation Plan for the Office of Nuclear Energy Knowledge Management Program

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kimberlyn C. Mousseau

    2011-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The primary purpose of the Department of Energy (DOE), Office of Nuclear Energy (NE) Knowledge Management (KM) Program is to capture, share, disseminate, and ensure the ability to apply the knowledge created by the major nuclear energy Research and Development (R&D) programs. In support of the KM program, the Implementation Plan for the Office of NE KM Program outlines the knowledge management and distributed data environment that is required for its success. In addition to enumerating some strategic goals and objectives, this document characterizes the initial program and identifies computer-based areas of investment required for increased knowledge sharing and collaboration. It identifies and addresses investments already in existence and describes how these investments can be further enhanced and implemented to support a distributed KM program. The Idaho National Laboratory (INL) is leading the effort to identify and address these investments through the implementation of a distributed KM program that includes participants from ten of the major DOE national laboratories.

  5. Metropolitan area network support at Fermilab

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    DeMar, Phil; Andrews, Chuck; Bobyshev, Andrey; Crawford, Matt; Colon, Orlando; Fry, Steve; Grigaliunas, Vyto; Lamore, Donna; Petravick, Don; /Fermilab

    2007-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Advances in wide area network service offerings, coupled with comparable developments in local area network technology have enabled many research sites to keep their offsite network bandwidth ahead of demand. For most sites, the more difficult and costly aspect of increasing wide area network capacity is the local loop, which connects the facility LAN to the wide area service provider(s). Fermilab, in coordination with neighboring Argonne National Laboratory, has chosen to provide its own local loop access through leasing of dark fiber to nearby network exchange points, and procuring dense wave division multiplexing (DWDM) equipment to provide data channels across those fibers. Installing and managing such optical network infrastructure has broadened the Laboratory's network support responsibilities to include operating network equipment that is located off-site, and is technically much different than classic LAN network equipment. Effectively, the Laboratory has assumed the role of a local service provider. This paper will cover Fermilab's experiences with deploying and supporting a Metropolitan Area Network (MAN) infrastructure to satisfy its offsite networking needs. The benefits and drawbacks of providing and supporting such a service will be discussed.

  6. Knowledge and abilities catalog for nuclear power plant operators: Pressurized water reactors. Revision 1

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    NONE

    1995-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This document provides the basis for the development of content-valid licensing examinations for reactor operators and senior reactor operators. The examinations developed using the PWR catalog will cover those topics listed under Title 10, (ode of Federal Regulations Part 55. The PWR catalog contains approximately 5100 knowledge and ability (K/A) statements for reactor operators and senior reactor operators. The catalog is organized into six major sections: Catalog Organization; Generic Knowledge and Abilities; Plant Systems; Emergency and Abnormal Plant Evolutions; Components and Theory.

  7. In Proc. of the 14th International Conference on Knowledge Engineering and Knowledge Management EKAW 2004, to appear.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mizoguchi, Riichiro

    In Proc. of the 14th International Conference on Knowledge Engineering and Knowledge Management. Functionality is one of the key concepts in understanding an artifact and in engineering domain knowledge. Although the importance of sharing of engineering knowledge in industry has been widely recognized, from

  8. City Knowledge Patterns: A standard for Smart City Knowledge management Nooshin Allahyari, Mark S. Fox, and Michael Gruninger

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    City Knowledge Patterns: A standard for Smart City Knowledge management Nooshin Allahyari, Mark S in recogniz- ing knowledge requirements of city government. This model, which we denote as City Knowledge category of the city government, and is comprised of a set of inter-relate concepts and attributes

  9. Transactional Network Platform: Applications

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Katipamula, Srinivas; Lutes, Robert G.; Ngo, Hung; Underhill, Ronald M.

    2013-10-31T23:59:59.000Z

    In FY13, Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL) with funding from the Department of Energy’s (DOE’s) Building Technologies Office (BTO) designed, prototyped and tested a transactional network platform to support energy, operational and financial transactions between any networked entities (equipment, organizations, buildings, grid, etc.). Initially, in FY13, the concept demonstrated transactions between packaged rooftop air conditioners and heat pump units (RTUs) and the electric grid using applications or "agents" that reside on the platform, on the equipment, on a local building controller or in the Cloud. The transactional network project is a multi-lab effort with Oakridge National Laboratory (ORNL) and Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (LBNL) also contributing to the effort. PNNL coordinated the project and also was responsible for the development of the transactional network (TN) platform and three different applications associated with RTUs. This document describes two applications or "agents" in details, and also summarizes the platform. The TN platform details are described in another companion document.

  10. CONFERENCE ON INFORMATION SCIENCES AND SYSTEMS (CISS), INVITED PAPER ON OPTIMIZATION OF COMM. NETWORKS, MARCH 2006 1 Optimal Backpressure Routing for Wireless

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Neely, Michael J.

    an average power that can be pushed arbitrarily close to the minimum average power required for network consider a multi-node, multi-hop wireless network with "unreliable" channels. Each transmission link has knowledge of which receivers are within transmission range may be uncertain, or in dense ad-hoc networks

  11. EM-21 Retrieval Knowledge Center: Waste Retrieval Challenges

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Fellinger, Andrew P.; Rinker, Michael W.; Berglin, Eric J.; Minichan, Richard L.; Poirier, Micheal R.; Gauglitz, Phillip A.; Martin, Bruce A.; Hatchell, Brian K.; Saldivar, Eloy; Mullen, O Dennis; Chapman, Noel F.; Wells, Beric E.; Gibbons, Peter W.

    2009-04-10T23:59:59.000Z

    EM-21 is the Waste Processing Division of the Office of Engineering and Technology, within the U.S. Department of Energy’s (DOE) Office of Environmental Management (EM). In August of 2008, EM-21 began an initiative to develop a Retrieval Knowledge Center (RKC) to provide the DOE, high level waste retrieval operators, and technology developers with centralized and focused location to share knowledge and expertise that will be used to address retrieval challenges across the DOE complex. The RKC is also designed to facilitate information sharing across the DOE Waste Site Complex through workshops, and a searchable database of waste retrieval technology information. The database may be used to research effective technology approaches for specific retrieval tasks and to take advantage of the lessons learned from previous operations. It is also expected to be effective for remaining current with state-of-the-art of retrieval technologies and ongoing development within the DOE Complex. To encourage collaboration of DOE sites with waste retrieval issues, the RKC team is co-led by the Savannah River National Laboratory (SRNL) and the Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL). Two RKC workshops were held in the Fall of 2008. The purpose of these workshops was to define top level waste retrieval functional areas, exchange lessons learned, and develop a path forward to support a strategic business plan focused on technology needs for retrieval. The primary participants involved in these workshops included retrieval personnel and laboratory staff that are associated with Hanford and Savannah River Sites since the majority of remaining DOE waste tanks are located at these sites. This report summarizes and documents the results of the initial RKC workshops. Technology challenges identified from these workshops and presented here are expected to be a key component to defining future RKC-directed tasks designed to facilitate tank waste retrieval solutions.

  12. Connecting to the Internet Securely; Protecting Home Networks CIAC-2324

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Orvis, W J; Krystosek, P; Smith, J

    2002-11-27T23:59:59.000Z

    With more and more people working at home and connecting to company networks via the Internet, the risk to company networks to intrusion and theft of sensitive information is growing. Working from home has many positive advantages for both the home worker and the company they work for. However, as companies encourage people to work from home, they need to start considering the interaction of the employee's home network and the company network he connects to. This paper discusses problems and solutions related to protection of home computers from attacks on those computers via the network connection. It does not consider protection of those systems from people who have physical access to the computers nor does it consider company laptops taken on-the-road. Home networks are often targeted by intruders because they are plentiful and they are usually not well secured. While companies have departments of professionals to maintain and secure their networks, home networks are maintained by the employee who may be less knowledgeable about network security matters. The biggest problems with home networks are that: Home networks are not designed to be secure and may use technologies (wireless) that are not secure; The operating systems are not secured when they are installed; The operating systems and applications are not maintained (for security considerations) after they are installed; and The networks are often used for other activities that put them at risk for being compromised. Home networks that are going to be connected to company networks need to be cooperatively secured by the employee and the company so they do not open up the company network to intruders. Securing home networks involves many of the same operations as securing a company network: Patch and maintain systems; Securely configure systems; Eliminate unneeded services; Protect remote logins; Use good passwords; Use current antivirus software; and Moderate your Internet usage habits. Most of these items do not take a lot of work, but require an awareness of the risks involved in not doing them or doing them incorrectly. The security of home networks and communications with company networks can be significantly improved by adding an appropriate software or hardware firewall to the home network and using a protected protocol such as Secure Sockets Layer (SSL), a Virtual Private Network (VPN), or Secure Shell (SSH) for connecting to the company network.

  13. Radio Network Planning with Combinatorial Optimisation Algorithms

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyer, Edmond

    Radio Network Planning with Combinatorial Optimisation Algorithms P. Calégari, F. Guidec, P. Kuonen@c2r.tdf.fr Group: Software tools Abstract: Future UMTS radio planning engineers will face difficult, a software for the optimisation of the radio network is under development. Two mathematical models

  14. Solar Buildings Research Network A brief overview

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wu, Bin

    Solar Buildings Research Network A brief overview Andreas Athienitis, Scientific Director Meli Stylianou, Network Manager #12;VISION Development of the solar-optimized building as an integrated advanced not mean complex; it brings together "low-tech" passive solar technologies that appear simple but generally

  15. Distributed A Wireless Sensor Network for

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Distributed Computing A Wireless Sensor Network for Orienteering Competitions Master's Thesis-wave Monopole Antennas . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13 5 MAC and Routing in Wireless Sensor Networks 14 5.1 Medium and waterproof cases free of charge. i #12;Abstract This thesis deals with the development of a wireless sensor

  16. Network architecture functional description and design

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Stans, L.; Bencoe, M.; Brown, D.; Kelly, S.; Pierson, L.; Schaldach, C.

    1989-05-25T23:59:59.000Z

    This report provides a top level functional description and design for the development and implementation of the central network to support the next generation of SNL, Albuquerque supercomputer in a UNIX{reg sign} environment. It describes the network functions and provides an architecture and topology.

  17. Multicriteria Spatial Price Networks: Statics and Dynamics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nagurney, Anna

    : In this paper, we develop a spatial price network equilibrium model in which consumers at the demand marketsMulticriteria Spatial Price Networks: Statics and Dynamics Anna Nagurney Department of Finance commodity. We provide the governing equilibrium conditions for the multicriteria spatial price problem

  18. High Performance Networks for High Impact Science

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Scott, Mary A.; Bair, Raymond A.

    2003-02-13T23:59:59.000Z

    This workshop was the first major activity in developing a strategic plan for high-performance networking in the Office of Science. Held August 13 through 15, 2002, it brought together a selection of end users, especially representing the emerging, high-visibility initiatives, and network visionaries to identify opportunities and begin defining the path forward.

  19. A Semiautomated Framework for Integrating Expert Knowledge into Disease Marker Identification

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Wang, Jing; Webb-Robertson, Bobbie-Jo M.; Matzke, Melissa M.; Varnum, Susan M.; Brown, Joseph N.; Riensche, Roderick M.; Adkins, Joshua N.; Jacobs, Jon M.; Hoidal, John R.; Scholand, Mary Beth; Pounds, Joel G.; Blackburn, Michael R.; Rodland, Karin D.; McDermott, Jason E.

    2013-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Background. The availability of large complex data sets generated by high throughput technologies has enabled the recent proliferation of disease biomarker studies. However, a recurring problem in deriving biological information from large data sets is how to best incorporate expert knowledge into the biomarker selection process. Objective. To develop a generalizable framework that can incorporate expert knowledge into data-driven processes in a semiautomated way while providing a metric for optimization in a biomarker selection scheme. Methods. The framework was implemented as a pipeline consisting of five components for the identification of signatures from integrated clustering (ISIC). Expert knowledge was integrated into the biomarker identification process using the combination of two distinct approaches; a distance-based clustering approach and an expert knowledge-driven functional selection. Results. The utility of the developed framework ISIC was demonstrated on proteomics data from a study of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). Biomarker candidates were identified in a mouse model using ISIC and validated in a study of a human cohort. Conclusions. Expert knowledge can be introduced into a biomarker discovery process in different ways to enhance the robustness of selected marker candidates. Developing strategies for extracting orthogonal and robust features from large data sets increases the chances of success in biomarker identification.

  20. Bayesian Discovery of Threat Networks

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Smith, Steven T; Senne, Kenneth D; Bernstein, Garrett; Philips, Scott

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A novel unified Bayesian framework for network detection is developed, under which a detection algorithm is derived based on random walks on graphs. The algorithm detects threat networks using partial observations of their activity, and is proved to be optimum in the Neyman-Pearson sense. The algorithm is defined by a graph, at least one observation, and a diffusion model for threat. A link to well-known spectral detection methods is provided, and the equivalence of the random walk and harmonic solutions to the Bayesian formulation is proven. A general diffusion model is introduced that utilizes spatio-temporal relationships between vertices, and is used for a specific space-time formulation that leads to significant performance improvements on coordinated covert networks. This performance is demonstrated using a new hybrid interaction model introduced to simulate random covert networks with realistic properties.

  1. Knowledge Discovery, Knowledge Management and Enterprise-Wide Information Technology Tools Final Report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Patton, Robert M [ORNL; Symons, Christopher T [ORNL; Gorman, Bryan L [ORNL; Treadwell, Jim N [ORNL

    2012-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A final report on an ORNL task to establish a knowledge discovery and management tool to retrieve and recommend information from existing S&T documents for the Office of Naval Research Global.

  2. Secure and efficient wireless networks

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bellardo, John Michael

    2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    CA Systems and Network Administrator California Integrationgives the campus network administrators complete admissionin engineered networks, enterprise administrators try to

  3. Summarization and Information Loss in Network Analysis Jamie F. Olson

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sadeh, Norman M.

    the prob- lem of geospatially enable network analysis. As GPS devices becomes increasingly affordable, however, we need to develop an integrated approach to network and geospatial analysis. One simple step in the analysis of geospatially tagged data would be to simply overlay the network data onto a geospatial map

  4. Networks, Dynamics, and the Small-World Phenomenon1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Terzi, Evimaria

    , or nations. Indeed, the theory of social networks is one that has seen exten- sive development over the pastNetworks, Dynamics, and the Small-World Phenomenon1 Duncan J. Watts Santa Fe Institute The small separation, is shown to be a general feature of sparse, decentralized networks that are neither completely

  5. SINR Diagrams: Convexity and its Applications in Wireless Networks

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    SINR Diagrams: Convexity and its Applications in Wireless Networks Chen Avin Yuval Emek Erez Kantor and quality of connections in a wireless network are described by physical models such as the signal the behavior of wireless networks, and may play a key role in the development of suitable algorithms

  6. Video Pricing for Wireless Networks Patrick Seeling and Martin Reisslein

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Reisslein, Martin

    Video Pricing for Wireless Networks Patrick Seeling and Martin Reisslein Dept. of Electrical of cellular, WLAN, and multi-hop wireless networks. We illustrate the developed pricing framework through in the context of the given wireless network scenario. Our cost model incorporates fixed infrastructure costs

  7. Coverage Properties of the Target Area in Wireless Sensor Networks

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zuyev, Sergei

    1 Coverage Properties of the Target Area in Wireless Sensor Networks Xiaoyun Li, Member, IEEE is developed for the probability of sensing coverage in a wireless sensor network with randomly deployed sensor examined. These results will have applications in planning and design tools for wireless sensor networks

  8. Chaotic time series prediction using artificial neural networks

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bartlett, E.B.

    1991-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

    This paper describes the use of artificial neural networks to model the complex oscillations defined by a chaotic Verhuist animal population dynamic. A predictive artificial neural network model is developed and tested, and results of computer simulations are given. These results show that the artificial neural network model predicts the chaotic time series with various initial conditions, growth parameters, or noise.

  9. Chaotic time series prediction using artificial neural networks

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bartlett, E.B.

    1991-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This paper describes the use of artificial neural networks to model the complex oscillations defined by a chaotic Verhuist animal population dynamic. A predictive artificial neural network model is developed and tested, and results of computer simulations are given. These results show that the artificial neural network model predicts the chaotic time series with various initial conditions, growth parameters, or noise.

  10. Distributed Packet-Level Simulation for BGP Networks under Genesis

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Varela, Carlos

    Distributed Packet-Level Simulation for BGP Networks under Genesis Yu Liu and Boleslaw K- ulation. Parallel and distributed network simulation techniques make it possible to utilize the power the efficiency and scalability of these sim- ulations. We developed a novel distributed network simula- tion

  11. Inverse diffusion from knowledge of power densities

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bal, Guillaume; Monard, Francois; Triki, Faouzi

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This paper concerns the reconstruction of a diffusion coefficient in an elliptic equation from knowledge of several power densities. The power density is the product of the diffusion coefficient with the square of the modulus of the gradient of the elliptic solution. The derivation of such internal functionals comes from perturbing the medium of interest by acoustic (plane) waves, which results in small changes in the diffusion coefficient. After appropriate asymptotic expansions and (Fourier) transformation, this allow us to construct the power density of the equation point-wise inside the domain. Such a setting finds applications in ultrasound modulated electrical impedance tomography and ultrasound modulated optical tomography. We show that the diffusion coefficient can be uniquely and stably reconstructed from knowledge of a sufficient large number of power densities. Explicit expressions for the reconstruction of the diffusion coefficient are also provided. Such results hold for a large class of boundary...

  12. Integrating large-scale functional genomics data to dissect metabolic networks for hydrogen production

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Harwood, Caroline S

    2012-12-17T23:59:59.000Z

    The goal of this project is to identify gene networks that are critical for efficient biohydrogen production by leveraging variation in gene content and gene expression in independently isolated Rhodopseudomonas palustris strains. Coexpression methods were applied to large data sets that we have collected to define probabilistic causal gene networks. To our knowledge this a first systems level approach that takes advantage of strain-to strain variability to computationally define networks critical for a particular bacterial phenotypic trait.

  13. A Knowledge Based Digital Control Flow Synthesizer

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fernando, M. A. Susith Rohana

    1987-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    applications are characterized by symbolic pro- cessing, incomplete problem solving knowledge and open systems. Symbolic processing contrast with numerical processing where intensive nu- rnerical comput, ations are involved. The information to be dealt... programming is one of the four popular programming paradigms available in the computer science community. In contrast with more common pro- cedural programming paradigm, programs are not primarily partitioned into pro- cedures and separate data. Rather, a...

  14. Prediction and Control of Network Cascade: Example of Power Grid or Networking Adaptability from WMD Disruption and Cascading Failures

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Chertkov, Michael [Los Alamos National Laboratory

    2012-07-24T23:59:59.000Z

    The goal of the DTRA project is to develop a mathematical framework that will provide the fundamental understanding of network survivability, algorithms for detecting/inferring pre-cursors of abnormal network behaviors, and methods for network adaptability and self-healing from cascading failures.

  15. allergen challenge model: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    consider networks derived from the European Union's Framework Programs for Research and Technological Development using methods from statistical physics and economic geography....

  16. Computer System, Cluster and Networking Summer Institute (CSCNSI...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    CSCNSI Computer System, Cluster and Networking Summer Institute (CSCNSI) Emphasizes practical skill development. Contact Leader Francis J. Alexander (505) 665-4518 Email Deputy...

  17. acid signal transduction: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    water conservation. Here we synthesize experimental results into a consistent guard cell signal transduction network for ABA-induced stomatal closure, and develop a dynamic model...

  18. acid signaling orthologs: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    water conservation. Here we synthesize experimental results into a consistent guard cell signal transduction network for ABA-induced stomatal closure, and develop a dynamic model...

  19. aba signal transduction: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    water conservation. Here we synthesize experimental results into a consistent guard cell signal transduction network for ABA-induced stomatal closure, and develop a dynamic model...

  20. acetylcholine signaling components: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    water conservation. Here we synthesize experimental results into a consistent guard cell signal transduction network for ABA-induced stomatal closure, and develop a dynamic model...

  1. automated pacemaker advise: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    of the crustacean pyloric network, we developed Nadim, Farzan 19 Academic Advising Syllabus Contact Information for College Advising Centers Mathematics Websites Summary:...

  2. artificial immune pattern: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    the field of Artificial Intelligence and Machine Learning. By developing abstractDynamic Pattern Recognition in Sport by Means of Artificial Neural Networks Jrgen Perl, Peter...

  3. adaptive neural control: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Summary: Fundamental developments in feedfonvard artificial neural net-works from the past thirty years are reviewed. The central theme of this paper is a description of the...

  4. ASCR Science Network Requirements

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Dart, Eli; Tierney, Brian

    2009-08-24T23:59:59.000Z

    The Energy Sciences Network (ESnet) is the primary provider of network connectivity for the US Department of Energy Office of Science, the single largest supporter of basic research in the physical sciences in the United States. In support of the Office of Science programs, ESnet regularly updates and refreshes its understanding of the networking requirements of the instruments, facilities, scientists, and science programs that it serves. This focus has helped ESnet to be a highly successful enabler of scientific discovery for over 20 years. In April 2009 ESnet and the Office of Advanced Scientific Computing Research (ASCR), of the DOE Office of Science, organized a workshop to characterize the networking requirements of the programs funded by ASCR. The ASCR facilities anticipate significant increases in wide area bandwidth utilization, driven largely by the increased capabilities of computational resources and the wide scope of collaboration that is a hallmark of modern science. Many scientists move data sets between facilities for analysis, and in some cases (for example the Earth System Grid and the Open Science Grid), data distribution is an essential component of the use of ASCR facilities by scientists. Due to the projected growth in wide area data transfer needs, the ASCR supercomputer centers all expect to deploy and use 100 Gigabit per second networking technology for wide area connectivity as soon as that deployment is financially feasible. In addition to the network connectivity that ESnet provides, the ESnet Collaboration Services (ECS) are critical to several science communities. ESnet identity and trust services, such as the DOEGrids certificate authority, are widely used both by the supercomputer centers and by collaborations such as Open Science Grid (OSG) and the Earth System Grid (ESG). Ease of use is a key determinant of the scientific utility of network-based services. Therefore, a key enabling aspect for scientists beneficial use of high performance networks is a consistent, widely deployed, well-maintained toolset that is optimized for wide area, high-speed data transfer (e.g. GridFTP) that allows scientists to easily utilize the services and capabilities that the network provides. Network test and measurement is an important part of ensuring that these tools and network services are functioning correctly. One example of a tool in this area is the recently developed perfSONAR, which has already shown its usefulness in fault diagnosis during the recent deployment of high-performance data movers at NERSC and ORNL. On the other hand, it is clear that there is significant work to be done in the area of authentication and access control - there are currently compatibility problems and differing requirements between the authentication systems in use at different facilities, and the policies and mechanisms in use at different facilities are sometimes in conflict. Finally, long-term software maintenance was of concern for many attendees. Scientists rely heavily on a large deployed base of software that does not have secure programmatic funding. Software packages for which this is true include data transfer tools such as GridFTP as well as identity management and other software infrastructure that forms a critical part of the Open Science Grid and the Earth System Grid.

  5. Insecurity of Wireless Networks

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Sheldon, Frederick T [ORNL; Weber, John Mark [Dynetics, Inc.; Yoo, Seong-Moo [University of Alabama, Huntsville; Pan, W. David [University of Alabama, Huntsville

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Wireless is a powerful core technology enabling our global digital infrastructure. Wi-Fi networks are susceptible to attacks on Wired Equivalency Privacy, Wi-Fi Protected Access (WPA), and WPA2. These attack signatures can be profiled into a system that defends against such attacks on the basis of their inherent characteristics. Wi-Fi is the standard protocol for wireless networks used extensively in US critical infrastructures. Since the Wired Equivalency Privacy (WEP) security protocol was broken, the Wi-Fi Protected Access (WPA) protocol has been considered the secure alternative compatible with hardware developed for WEP. However, in November 2008, researchers developed an attack on WPA, allowing forgery of Address Resolution Protocol (ARP) packets. Subsequent enhancements have enabled ARP poisoning, cryptosystem denial of service, and man-in-the-middle attacks. Open source systems and methods (OSSM) have long been used to secure networks against such attacks. This article reviews OSSMs and the results of experimental attacks on WPA. These experiments re-created current attacks in a laboratory setting, recording both wired and wireless traffic. The article discusses methods of intrusion detection and prevention in the context of cyber physical protection of critical Internet infrastructure. The basis for this research is a specialized (and undoubtedly incomplete) taxonomy of Wi-Fi attacks and their adaptations to existing countermeasures and protocol revisions. Ultimately, this article aims to provide a clearer picture of how and why wireless protection protocols and encryption must achieve a more scientific basis for detecting and preventing such attacks.

  6. A longitudinal study of emerging networks during natural disaster

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Abbasi, Alireza; Kapucu, Naim

    2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    We present longitudinal analysis of the evolution of inter-organizational disaster coordination networks during natural disasters. We suggest that social networks are a useful paradigm for exploring this complex phenomenon from both theoretical and methodological perspective aiming to develop a quantitative assessment framework which could aid in developing a better understanding of the optimal functioning of these emerging inter-organizational networks during natural disasters. We highlight the importance of network metrics in order to investigate disaster response coordination networks. Results suggest that in disasters, rate of communication increases and creates the conditions where organizational structures need to move at that same pace to exchange new information.

  7. International Policy International Development

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Watson, Andrew

    Research Strategy 2006-2009 International Policy Energy Adaptation International Development Coasts Change Research. Our strategy builds upon our previous work on integrated assessment, energy, adaptation of time. In this spirit, the Centre reconfirms its vision statement: "The Tyndall Centre is the UK network

  8. Case-Based Reasoning Systems for Knowledge Mediation A.D. Griffiths, M.D. Harrison and A.M. Dearden

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Harrison, Michael

    specific purpose, however, is to support business planning carried out by company managers. We have taken to plan the maintenance and operation of a utility distribution network, by mediating knowledge from in the current paper, along with the relevant design issues. In a future paper we shall describe the evaluation

  9. Iterative Collision Resolution in Wireless Networks 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stuckman, Katherine Christine

    2013-03-29T23:59:59.000Z

    With the growing popularity of smart phones and tablets, development of multimedia applications is on the rise. Speedy transmission of this massive amount information is already pushing the limits of the capacity of wireless networks...

  10. Network protection with multiple availability guarantees

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Narula-Tam, Aradhana

    We develop a novel network protection scheme that provides guarantees on both the fraction of time a flow has full connectivity, as well as a quantifiable minimum grade of service during downtimes. In particular, a flow ...

  11. Real-time control over networks

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ji, Kun

    2007-09-17T23:59:59.000Z

    researchers to develop NCSs to implement distributed control schemes. This dissertation presents a framework for the modeling, design, stability analysis, control, and bandwidth allocation of real-time control over networks. This framework covers key research...

  12. Alaska Facility- and Community-Scale Project Development Regional...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Alaska. Photo by Sherry Stout, NREL. Alaska Energy Workshop Tour Creates Rich Opportunities for Knowledge Sharing Community-Scale Project Development and Finance Workshop: Oklahoma...

  13. Design and Implementation of a Network Interface for a Multi-Channel

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jantsch, Axel

    developed for the Network Interface (NI) for handling multichannel circuit switched NoC. A flexible read. The flexible design in both NI and NoC (in terms of different dimensions of row and column of the network, throughputs of both the one network and two networks have been monitored, determining the area and power

  14. Bounding Peer-to-Peer Upload Traffic in Client Networks Chun-Ying Huang

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chen, Sheng-Wei

    interest. However, as the amount of peer-to- peer traffic increases, a network administrator would like for such network traffic. Second, as any one can develop their own protocols, even if network administratorsBounding Peer-to-Peer Upload Traffic in Client Networks Chun-Ying Huang National Taiwan University

  15. Sage Handbook of Social Network Edited by John Scott & Peter Carrington

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    White, Douglas R.

    Sage Handbook of Social Network Analysis Edited by John Scott & Peter Carrington #12;Contents 1 Social Network Analysis: An Introduction Alexandra Marin and Barry Wellman 3 The Development of Social and Virginie Lopez-Kidwell 5 Social Physics and Social Networks John Scott 6 Social Networks in Economics

  16. A network transformation procedure for finding minimal-cost flows in networks with variable lower bounds

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kim, Seongbae

    1991-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    : Alberto Garcia-Diaz (Chair of Committee) I' Ces'ar O. Ma ave (member) Orner . Jenkins (' ember) . Kemble Bennett ( Head of Department ) August 1991 A Network Transformation Procedure for Finding Minimal-Cost Flows in Networks with Variable Lower... Bounds. (August 1991) Seongbae Kim, B. S. , Hanyang University Chair of Advisory Committee: Dr. Alberto Garcia-Diaz The main goal of this thesis is twofold: (a) to develop a new algo- rithm to solve the minimal-cost network problem with variable...

  17. Scope and Sequence for 6th 8th grades Prior Knowledge and Experience Develop Knowledge Lessons NSES Stds. Colo. Stds.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mojzsis, Stephen J.

    1.3, 1.6, 2.1, 2.2, 3.1, 3.4, 4.4, 5.1, 5.2, 5.3, 6.2, 6.3 Magnetic field · Features of the Sun · The Earth as a Magnet · Iron Filings and Magnetic Field Lines · Soda Bottle Magnetometer · Learning about Space Weather · Measuring the IMF · Science and Engineering Conference · CME Plotting A, B, D, E, G 1, 2

  18. Research Documentation Guidelines Capturing knowledge, improving research

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sommerville, Ian

    researchers. The RAISER development process is an SDLC specific to Software Engineering by Computer Science

  19. Inferring Network Topology from Complex Dynamics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Srinivas Gorur Shandilya; Marc Timme

    2010-07-09T23:59:59.000Z

    Inferring network topology from dynamical observations is a fundamental problem pervading research on complex systems. Here, we present a simple, direct method to infer the structural connection topology of a network, given an observation of one collective dynamical trajectory. The general theoretical framework is applicable to arbitrary network dynamical systems described by ordinary differential equations. No interference (external driving) is required and the type of dynamics is not restricted in any way. In particular, the observed dynamics may be arbitrarily complex; stationary, invariant or transient; synchronous or asynchronous and chaotic or periodic. Presupposing a knowledge of the functional form of the dynamical units and of the coupling functions between them, we present an analytical solution to the inverse problem of finding the network topology. Robust reconstruction is achieved in any sufficiently long generic observation of the system. We extend our method to simultaneously reconstruct both the entire network topology and all parameters appearing linear in the system's equations of motion. Reconstruction of network topology and system parameters is viable even in the presence of substantial external noise.

  20. Learning Quantitative Knowledge for Multiagent Coordination David Jensen, Michael Atighetchi, R'egis Vincent, Victor Lesser

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Massachusetts at Amherst, University of

    of these interrelation­ ships can help coordinate agents --- preventing con­ flicts and exploiting beneficial of such non­local effects in TAEMS, a well­developed framework for multiagent coordination. The surprising knowledge. Introduction A major challenge of designing effective multiagent sys­ tems is managing non