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1

ORNL Global Change and Developing Country Programs | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

ORNL Global Change and Developing Country Programs ORNL Global Change and Developing Country Programs (Redirected from Global Change and Developing Country Programs) Jump to: navigation, search Logo: Global Change and Developing Country Programs Name Global Change and Developing Country Programs Agency/Company /Organization Oak Ridge National Laboratory Sector Energy Website http://www.esd.ornl.gov/eess/g References Global Change [1] "For more than twenty years, ORNL has been active in energy and environmental collaborations with developing countries. Projects have involved more than forty countries in Africa, Asia, Eastern Europe, Latin America and the Caribbean, and the Middle East; and they have included every major kind of energy technology and policy, along with a wide range of environmental technologies and policies." [1]

2

ORNL Global Change and Developing Country Programs | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Change and Developing Country Programs Change and Developing Country Programs Jump to: navigation, search Logo: Global Change and Developing Country Programs Name Global Change and Developing Country Programs Agency/Company /Organization Oak Ridge National Laboratory Sector Energy Website http://www.esd.ornl.gov/eess/g References Global Change [1] "For more than twenty years, ORNL has been active in energy and environmental collaborations with developing countries. Projects have involved more than forty countries in Africa, Asia, Eastern Europe, Latin America and the Caribbean, and the Middle East; and they have included every major kind of energy technology and policy, along with a wide range of environmental technologies and policies." [1] References ↑ 1.0 1.1 Global Change Retrieved from

3

Getting beyond the lowest common denominator : Developing countries in global environmental negotiations  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This study explores the collective negotiation behavior of the developing countries of the South in international environmental politics. The so-called 'South'-represented in global negotiations by Group of 77 (G77)-is an ...

Najam, Adil

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

4

Global Energy Transfer - Feed-in Tariffs for Developing Countries | Open  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Energy Transfer - Feed-in Tariffs for Developing Countries Energy Transfer - Feed-in Tariffs for Developing Countries Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary Name: Global Energy Transfer - Feed-in Tariffs for Developing Countries Agency/Company /Organization: Deutsche Bank Group Sector: Energy Focus Area: Renewable Energy Topics: Finance Resource Type: Publications Website: www.dbcca.com/dbcca/EN/investment-research/investment_research_2347.js References: Get FiT Program[1] This report provides information on best practices for adapting the design of feed-in tariffs in developing countries. Chapters The challenge of renewable energy in the developing world: A project level perspective.............................................................. 11 The GET FiT Solution...................................................................

5

Empirical support for global integrated assessment modeling: Productivity trends and technological change in developing countries' agriculture and electric power sectors  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Integrated assessment (IA) modeling of climate policy is increasingly global in nature, with models incorporating regional disaggregation. The existing empirical basis for IA modeling, however, largely arises from research on industrialized economies. Given the growing importance of developing countries in determining long-term global energy and carbon emissions trends, filling this gap with improved statistical information on developing countries' energy and carbon-emissions characteristics is an important priority for enhancing IA modeling. Earlier research at LBNL on this topic has focused on assembling and analyzing statistical data on productivity trends and technological change in the energy-intensive manufacturing sectors of five developing countries, India, Brazil, Mexico, Indonesia, and South Korea. The proposed work will extend this analysis to the agriculture and electric power sectors in India, South Korea, and two other developing countries. They will also examine the impact of alternative model specifications on estimates of productivity growth and technological change for each of the three sectors, and estimate the contribution of various capital inputs--imported vs. indigenous, rigid vs. malleable-- in contributing to productivity growth and technological change. The project has already produced a data resource on the manufacturing sector which is being shared with IA modelers. This will be extended to the agriculture and electric power sectors, which would also be made accessible to IA modeling groups seeking to enhance the empirical descriptions of developing country characteristics. The project will entail basic statistical and econometric analysis of productivity and energy trends in these developing country sectors, with parameter estimates also made available to modeling groups. The parameter estimates will be developed using alternative model specifications that could be directly utilized by the existing IAMs for the manufacturing, agriculture, and electric power sectors.

Sathaye, Jayant A.

2000-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

6

Empirical support for global integrated assessment modeling: Productivity trends and technological change in developing countries' agriculture and electric power sectors  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Council on Energy and Environment, for Mexico, the NationalMexico, Brazil, and Indonesia), examining long-run trends in productivity, technological change, energy andenergy-intensive manufacturing sectors of five developing countries, India, Brazil, Mexico,

Sathaye, Jayant A.

2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

7

Telecommunications in developing countries  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper brings out the rationale for and the course of abolition of monopolies in telecommunications, the emergence of independent regulation, competition and markets determining prices for Telecom and Information services in developed countries and ... Keywords: access, competition, convergence, corporatisation, degovernmentalisation, demonopolisation, internet cafes, public telephones, regulation, telecommunications, universal service/

T. H. Chowdary

2002-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

8

Transportation in Developing Countries  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Africa that produces synthetic oil from coal, starts to use natural gas as feedstock in the production, natural gas, and petroleum into liquid fuels and chemicals. Sasol is now a privately owned companysolutions+ + + + Transportation in Developing Countries Greenhouse Gas Scenarios for South Africa

Delucchi, Mark

9

Lessons for Developing Countries  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Argentina was one of the first countries in the world to implement a comprehensive reform of its electricity sector in the recent period. Among developing countries only Chile has had a comparably comprehensive and successful reform. This paper traces the history of the Argentine reform, which began in 1992, and assesses its progress and its lessons. We conclude that the reform was very successful prior to the collapse of the Argentine peso in early 2002. We suggest lessons for the generation, transmission and distribution sectors, as well as the economic regulation of electricity and the general institutional environment favourable to reform. We note that the achievements of the sector are now threatened by the delays in tackling the financial consequences of the peso devaluation.

Michael G. Pollitt; Michael Pollitt

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

10

Empirical support for global integrated assessment modeling: Productivity trends and technological change in developing countries' agriculture and electric power sectors  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Countries' Agriculture and Electric Power Sectors Jayant A.of scale in the U.S. electric power sector was a study byof Scale in U.S. Electric Power Generation", in Journal of

Sathaye, Jayant A.

2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

11

FAO Global Inventory of Agricultural Mitigation Projects in Developing...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

FAO Global Inventory of Agricultural Mitigation Projects in Developing Countries Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary Name: FAO Global Inventory of Agricultural Mitigation...

12

Soalr cooking in developing countries  

SciTech Connect

Solar cooking must overcome a number of obstacles to realize its potential to improve the lives of women in developing countries. Unlike historical interest in solar cooking, current interest derives from vital environmental and human needs. Deforestation and reliance on wood for cooking lead to many hardships, especially for women, and women in developing countries need access to technology and funding. If the woman builds the oven herself, it notonly makes her more willing to use it but the process empower her with new knowledge and kills. The physical design of the oven must be adapted to local conditions and materials for the oven should be inexpensive and locally available.

Stone, L.

1994-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

13

Geothermal development opportunities in developing countries  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

This report is the proceedings of the Seminar on geothermal development opportunities in developing countries, sponsored by the Geothermal Division of the US Department of Energy and presented by the National Geothermal Association. The overall objectives of the seminar are: (1) Provide sufficient information to the attendees to encourage their interest in undertaking more geothermal projects within selected developing countries, and (2) Demonstrate the technological leadership of US technology and the depth of US industry experience and capabilities to best perform on these projects.

Kenkeremath, D.C.

1989-11-16T23:59:59.000Z

14

Mainstreaming Building Energy Efficiency Codes in Developing Countries:  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Mainstreaming Building Energy Efficiency Codes in Developing Countries: Mainstreaming Building Energy Efficiency Codes in Developing Countries: Global Experiences and Lessons from Early Adopters Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary Name: Mainstreaming Building Energy Efficiency Codes in Developing Countries: Global Experiences and Lessons from Early Adopters Agency/Company /Organization: World Bank Sector: Energy Focus Area: Energy Efficiency, Buildings Topics: Policies/deployment programs Resource Type: Lessons learned/best practices Website: www.ecn.nl/fileadmin/ecn/units/bs/IEC/LCDS_presentation_082010.pdf Mainstreaming Building Energy Efficiency Codes in Developing Countries: Global Experiences and Lessons from Early Adopters Screenshot References: Building Energy Efficiency[1] Summary "This report summarizes the findings of an extensive literature survey of

15

Sustainable development of hydropower in third countries...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

&8220;Sustainable development of hydropower in third countries: The development of hydropower on a sustainable basis has been an array of humanitarian and economic development,...

16

Derisking Renewable Energy Investments in Developing Countries...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

of renewable energy technologies and attract large scale private investment into these technologies in developing countries. Attachment: applicationpdf icon Speaker's...

17

LBNL Developing Countries Studies | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

LBNL Developing Countries Studies LBNL Developing Countries Studies (Redirected from Developing Countries Studies) Jump to: navigation, search Logo: Developing Countries Studies at LBNL Name Developing Countries Studies at LBNL Agency/Company /Organization Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory Sector Energy Focus Area Energy Efficiency Topics GHG inventory, Resource assessment, Background analysis Resource Type Dataset, Software/modeling tools, Presentation Website http://ies.lbl.gov/node/251 References Lawrence Berkeley [1] Abstract LBNL's International Energy Studies Group is involved in a number of activities relating to energy use in developing countries and climate change. LBNL's International Energy Studies Group is involved in a number of activities relating to energy use in developing countries and climate

18

CCAP Developing Country Project | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

CCAP Developing Country Project CCAP Developing Country Project Jump to: navigation, search Name Developing Country Project Agency/Company /Organization Center for Clean Air Policy Sector Climate, Energy Topics Background analysis, Implementation, Low emission development planning, Policies/deployment programs Website http://www.ccap.org/ Program Start 2006 Country Brazil, China, India, Indonesia, Mexico South America, Eastern Asia, Southern Asia, South-Eastern Asia, Central America References Developing Country Project[1] Developing Country Project Screenshot Contents 1 Overview 2 Brazil 3 China 4 India 5 Indonesia 6 Mexico 7 References Overview "As the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) moves forward, it is critical that developing countries are ready and able

19

The Kyoto Protocol and developing countries  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Under the Kyoto Protocol, the world's wealthier countries assumed binding commitments to reduce greenhouse gas emissions. The agreement requires these countries to consider ways to minimize adverse effects on developing ...

Babiker, Mustafa H.M.; Reilly, John M.; Jacoby, Henry D.

20

Promoting energy efficiency in developing countries: The role of NGOs  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Developing countries need energy growth to spur economic growth. Yet energy activities contribute significantly to local water pollution and global greenhouse gas emissions. Energy efficiency offers the means to achieve the twin goals of sustainable economic/social development and environmental protection. Energy efficiency increases industrial competitiveness and frees up capital so it can be applied to other uses, such as health and education. The key to improving energy efficiency in developing countries will be acquiring and applying Western technologies, practices, and policies and building national institutions for promoting energy efficiency. Relevant energy-efficient technologies include the use of better electric motors, adjustable speed controls, combined cycle power cogeneration, improved lighting, better refrigeration technologies, and improved electric power transmission and distribution systems. Western countries can best help developing countries by providing guidance and resources to support nongovernmental organizations (NGOS) staffed by local experts; these institutions can capture the energy efficiency potential and ensure environmental protection in developing countries.

Wojtaszek, E.I.

1993-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "developing countries global" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


21

Derisking Renewable Energy Investments in Developing Countries...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Derisking Renewable Energy Investments in Developing Countries: A Means to Attract Private Capital and Reduce CO 2 Abatement Costs Tobias S. Schmidt ETH Zurich 1 Group for...

22

BIOMASS PRODUCTION FOR ENERGY IN DEVELOPING COUNTRY.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

?? Most developing countries of the world still uses biomass for domestic energy, this is mostly used in the rural areas and using our case (more)

Liu, Xiaolin

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

23

LBNL Developing Countries Studies | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Countries Studies Countries Studies Jump to: navigation, search Logo: Developing Countries Studies at LBNL Name Developing Countries Studies at LBNL Agency/Company /Organization Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory Sector Energy Focus Area Energy Efficiency Topics GHG inventory, Resource assessment, Background analysis Resource Type Dataset, Software/modeling tools, Presentation Website http://ies.lbl.gov/node/251 References Lawrence Berkeley [1] Abstract LBNL's International Energy Studies Group is involved in a number of activities relating to energy use in developing countries and climate change. LBNL's International Energy Studies Group is involved in a number of activities relating to energy use in developing countries and climate change. Developed international energy use data and emissions scenarios for

24

Work, Development and Globalization  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Three Countries, One Dishwasher. The Wall Street Journal, 6new production patterns. Its dishwashers are assembled in

Shaiken, Harley

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

25

Assessing Green Jobs Potential in Developing Countries: A Practitioner's  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Assessing Green Jobs Potential in Developing Countries: A Practitioner's Assessing Green Jobs Potential in Developing Countries: A Practitioner's Guide Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary Name: Assessing Green Jobs Potential in Developing Countries: A Practitioner's Guide Agency/Company /Organization: International Labor Office (ILO) Sector: Energy User Interface: Other Complexity/Ease of Use: Simple Website: www.ilo.org/wcmsp5/groups/public/---dgreports/---dcomm/---publ/documen Cost: Free Related Tools Partnership for Economic Policy Modeling and Policy Impact Analysis (MPIA) Applied Dynamic Analysis of the Global Economy (ADAGE) Model Integrated Global System Modeling Framework ... further results Find Another Tool FIND DEVELOPMENT IMPACTS ASSESSMENT TOOLS A guidebook that provides instructions on estimating the actual and

26

CIM implementation in developed and developing countries.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Implementing integrated advanced technologies is an effective approach towards solving most problems in todays competitive global market Computer Integrated Manufacturing (CIM) technologies are presented as (more)

Saeed, Khaled A

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

27

Wind Energy Developments: Incentives In Selected Countries  

Reports and Publications (EIA)

This paper discusses developments in wind energy for the countries with significant wind capacity. After a brief overview of world capacity, it examines development trends, beginning with the United States - the number one country in wind electric generation capacity until 1997.

Information Center

1999-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

28

Education and health care in developing countries  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This thesis is a collection of three essays on education and health in developing countries. Chapter 1 shows that increasing perceived returns to education strengthens incentives for schooling when agents underestimate the ...

Nguyen, Trang V

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

29

Criteria for Global Nuclear Energy Development  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Global energy consumption will at least double over the next fifty years due to population growth, increased consumption, and an urgent need to improve the standard of living in under-developed countries. Thirty percent of this growth will be for electricity. At the same time, carbon emissions must be significantly reduced to respond to concerns regarding global warming. The use of nuclear energy to meet this growing electricity demand without carbon emissions is an obvious solution to many observers, however real concerns over economics, safety, waste and proliferation must be adequately addressed. The issue is further complicated by the fact that developing countries, which have the most pressing need for additional electricity generation, have the least capability and infrastructure to deploy nuclear energy. Nevertheless, if the specific needs of developing countries are appropriately considered now as new generation reactors are being developed, and institutional arrangements based upon the fundamental principles of President Eisenhower's 1953 Atoms For Peace speech are followed, nuclear energy could be deployed in any country. From a technical perspective, reactor safety and accessibility of special nuclear material are primary concerns. Institutionally, plant and fuel ownership and waste management issues must be addressed. International safety and safeguards authority are prerequisites. While the IAEA's IMPRO program and the United States' Generation IV programs are focusing on technical solutions, institutional issues, particularly with regard to deployment in developing countries, are not receiving corresponding attention. Full-service, cradle-to-grave, nuclear electricity companies that retain custody and responsibility for the plant and materials, including waste, are one possible solution. Small modular reactors such as the Pebble Bed Modular Reactor could be ideal for such an arrangement. While waste disposal remains a major obstacle, this is already true for numerous nuclear programs even in developed countries with limited geologically suitable formations. Fortunately, several organizations are currently pursuing international solutions to the nuclear waste disposal problem. While the capability to deploy nuclear energy in a specific country may not be desirable for a number of reasons, we should not develop nuclear hardware that can only benefit and serve technically and economically advanced countries. The potential benefits of nuclear energy are global, and we should not unduly limit that potential by inattention today to the requirements necessary for global deployment. (authors)

Lawrence, Michael J. [Pacific Northwest National Laboratory, P.O. Box 999 Richland, WA 99352 (United States)

2002-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

30

United Nations geothermal activities in developing countries  

SciTech Connect

The United Nations implements technical cooperation projects in developing countries through its Department of Technical Cooperation for Development (DTCD). The DTCD is mandated to explore for and develop natural resources (water, minerals, and relevant infrastructure) and energy - both conventional and new and renewable energy sources. To date, the United Nations has been involved in over 30 geothermal exploration projects (completed or underway) in 20 developing countries: 8 in Africa (Djibouti, Ethiopia, Kenya, Madagascar); 8 in Asia (China, India, Jordan, Philippines, Thailand); 9 in Latin America (Bolivia, Chile, El Salvador, Honduras, Mexico, Nicaragua, Panama) and 6 in Europe (Greece, Romania, Turkey, Yugoslavia). Today, the DTCD has seven UNDP geothermal projects in 6 developing countries. Four of these (Bolivia, China, Honduras, and Kenya) are major exploration projects whose formulation and execution has been possible thanks to the generous contributions under cost-sharing arrangements from the government of Italy. These four projects are summarized.

Beredjick, N.

1987-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

31

FAO Global Inventory of Agricultural Mitigation Projects in Developing  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

FAO Global Inventory of Agricultural Mitigation Projects in Developing FAO Global Inventory of Agricultural Mitigation Projects in Developing Countries Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary Name: FAO Global Inventory of Agricultural Mitigation Projects in Developing Countries Agency/Company /Organization: Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations Sector: Land Focus Area: Agriculture Topics: Resource assessment, Background analysis Website: www.fao.org/climatechange/micca/en/ References: FAO Global Inventory of Agricultural Mitigation Projects in Developing Countries[1] "The aim of the project is to help realise the substantial mitigation potential of agriculture, especially that of smallholders in developing countries. If the right changes are implemented in production systems, emissions can be reduced and sinks created in biomass and soils while

32

Establishing Ergonomics in Industrially Developing Countries  

SciTech Connect

The introduction of ergonomics is an ongoing effort in industrially developing countries and will ultimately require an organized, programmatic approach spanning several countries and organizations. Our preliminary efforts with our partner countries of Viet Nam, Thailand, and Nicaragua have demonstrated that a one-time course is just the first step in a series of necessary events to provide skills and create an infrastructure that will have lasting impact for the host country. To facilitate that any sort of training has a lasting impact, it is recommended that host countries establish a 'contract' with class participants and the guest instructors for at least one follow-up visit so instructors can see the progress and support the participants in current and future efforts. With repeated exchanges, the class participants can become the 'in country experts' and the next generation of ergonomic trainers. Additionally, providing participants with an easy to use hazard assessment tool and methods for evaluating the financial impact of the project (cost/benefit analysis) will assist increase the likelihood of success and establish a foundation for future projects. In the future, developing trade and regionally/culturally specific 'ergonomics toolkits' can help promote broader implementation, especially where training resources may be limited.

Stewart, K; Silverstein, B; Kiefer, M

2005-08-29T23:59:59.000Z

33

Sustainable energy for developing countries : modelling transitions to renewable and clean energy in rapidly developing countries.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??The main objective of this thesis is first to adapt energy models for the use in developing countries and second to model sustainable energy transitions (more)

Urban, Frauke

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

34

Event:CDKN/MAPS side event: developing countries collaborating...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

CDKNMAPS side event: developing countries collaborating for climate compatible development Jump to: navigation, search Calendar.png CDKNMAPS side event: developing countries...

35

Building technological capability within satellite programs in developing countries  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Global participation in space activity is growing as satellite technology matures and spreads. Countries in Africa, Asia and Latin America are creating or reinvigorating national satellite programs. These countries are ...

Wood, Danielle Renee

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

36

Multivariate statistical analysis of the influence of global threats on the security of countries of the world  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Methods of multivariate statistical analysis are applied to the investigation of the influence of global threats on the security of countries and regions of the world. The use of the principal component analysis method made it possible to reveal three ... Keywords: Minkowsky norm, cluster analysis, correlation analysis, global threat, principal component analysis., stable development

T. N. Pomerantseva; A. A. Boldak

2010-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

37

The Cost to Developing Countries of Adapting to Climate Change...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

The Cost to Developing Countries of Adapting to Climate Change Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary Name: The Cost to Developing Countries of Adapting to Climate Change Agency...

38

Potentials to transfer the US NEPA experience to developing countries  

SciTech Connect

The US National Environmental Policy Act (NEPA) of 1969 has been important as a learning experience for the United States, but it has also served as a model for the rest of the world. In particular, other counties which benefit form US foreign aid have found NEPA concerns to be of growing importance in the 1980s and multinational bodies such as The World Bank have increasingly suggested US standards and practices as guidelines to countries without well-defined environmental policies of their own. With environmental protection becoming a dominant issue in development assistance, it is timely to assess the relevance of the US experience to developing countries. Other outgrowths of the NEPA process in the United States may be less appropriate to the conditions that exist in many developing countries. Examples might include standards for certain emissions, standards for impact analysis, the size and complexity of impact assessment documents, and mechanisms for public involvement. In these kinds of connections, the US NEPA experience is already becoming an issue in the expanding dialogue about global environmental change, Considered in the light of the experience of other advanced countries, such as West Germany and Great Britain, and in the light of differing circumstances of less-developed countries, such as urgent needs for job creation and shortages of technical capabilities, the US experience has the potential to be transformed from what now appears too often to be a rigid straight-jacket to what can be a rich, robust body of lessons learned. In the process, an enhanced transfer of US professional experience and monitoring and control technologies can contribute to our competitiveness in the world economy and an acceleration of environmental management improvements in developing countries.

Wilbanks, T.J.; Hunsaker, D.B. Jr.; Petrich, C.H.; Wright, S.B.

1989-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

39

Potentials to transfer the US NEPA experience to developing countries  

SciTech Connect

The US National Environmental Policy Act (NEPA) of 1969 has been important as a learning experience for the United States, but it has also served as a model for the rest of the world. In particular, other counties which benefit form US foreign aid have found NEPA concerns to be of growing importance in the 1980s and multinational bodies such as The World Bank have increasingly suggested US standards and practices as guidelines to countries without well-defined environmental policies of their own. With environmental protection becoming a dominant issue in development assistance, it is timely to assess the relevance of the US experience to developing countries. Other outgrowths of the NEPA process in the United States may be less appropriate to the conditions that exist in many developing countries. Examples might include standards for certain emissions, standards for impact analysis, the size and complexity of impact assessment documents, and mechanisms for public involvement. In these kinds of connections, the US NEPA experience is already becoming an issue in the expanding dialogue about global environmental change, Considered in the light of the experience of other advanced countries, such as West Germany and Great Britain, and in the light of differing circumstances of less-developed countries, such as urgent needs for job creation and shortages of technical capabilities, the US experience has the potential to be transformed from what now appears too often to be a rigid straight-jacket to what can be a rich, robust body of lessons learned. In the process, an enhanced transfer of US professional experience and monitoring and control technologies can contribute to our competitiveness in the world economy and an acceleration of environmental management improvements in developing countries.

Wilbanks, T.J.; Hunsaker, D.B. Jr.; Petrich, C.H.; Wright, S.B.

1989-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

40

The Energy Access Situation in Developing Countries | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Energy Access Situation in Developing Countries Energy Access Situation in Developing Countries Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary Name: The Energy Access Situation in Developing Countries Agency/Company /Organization: World Health Organization (WHO), United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) Sector: Energy Focus Area: Renewable Energy, Biomass, Energy Efficiency Topics: Co-benefits assessment, - Energy Access, - Health Resource Type: Presentation, Technical report User Interface: Website Website: www.who.int/indoorair/publications/energyaccesssituation/en/index.html Cost: Free A Review focusing on the Least Developed Countries and Sub-Saharan Africa The "Energy Access Situation in Developing Countries - A Review focusing on the Least Developed Countries and Sub-Saharan Africa" report draws

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "developing countries global" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


41

Methodology for assessment of biofuel resources in developing countries  

SciTech Connect

A methodology is described for assessing the potential of biofuel production and utilization in developing countries. The approach combines biomass resource assessment to identify appropriate biofuel options for developing countries. 4 references.

Harper, J.P.; Antonopolous, A.A.

1980-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

42

India-CCAP Developing Country Project | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

India-CCAP Developing Country Project India-CCAP Developing Country Project Jump to: navigation, search Name India-Developing Country Project Agency/Company /Organization Center for Clean Air Policy Sector Climate, Energy Topics Background analysis, Implementation, Low emission development planning, Policies/deployment programs Website http://www.ccap.org/ Program Start 2006 Country India Southern Asia References Developing Country Project[1] India-Developing Country Project Screenshot Contents 1 Overview 2 Brazil 3 China 4 India 5 Indonesia 6 Mexico 7 References Overview "As the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) moves forward, it is critical that developing countries are ready and able to make significant progress toward reducing greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions. CCAP is helping developing countries prepare for and participate

43

China-CCAP Developing Country Project | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

China-CCAP Developing Country Project China-CCAP Developing Country Project Jump to: navigation, search Name China-Developing Country Project Agency/Company /Organization Center for Clean Air Policy Sector Climate, Energy Topics Background analysis, Implementation, Low emission development planning, Policies/deployment programs Website http://www.ccap.org/ Program Start 2006 Country China Eastern Asia References Developing Country Project[1] China-Developing Country Project Screenshot Contents 1 Overview 2 Brazil 3 China 4 India 5 Indonesia 6 Mexico 7 References Overview "As the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) moves forward, it is critical that developing countries are ready and able to make significant progress toward reducing greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions. CCAP is helping developing countries prepare for and participate

44

Brazil-CCAP Developing Country Project | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Brazil-CCAP Developing Country Project Brazil-CCAP Developing Country Project Jump to: navigation, search Name Brazil-Developing Country Project Agency/Company /Organization Center for Clean Air Policy Sector Climate, Energy Topics Background analysis, Implementation, Low emission development planning, Policies/deployment programs Website http://www.ccap.org/ Program Start 2006 Country Brazil South America References Developing Country Project[1] Brazil-Developing Country Project Screenshot Contents 1 Overview 2 Brazil 3 China 4 India 5 Indonesia 6 Mexico 7 References Overview "As the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) moves forward, it is critical that developing countries are ready and able to make significant progress toward reducing greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions. CCAP is helping developing countries prepare for and participate

45

The AROUND project: Adapting robotic disaster response to developing countries  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The AROUND project: Adapting robotic disaster response to developing countries Alain Boucher1 constraints of developing countries. Keywords: Disaster response, Multi-Robot Systems, Cheap robotics, Spatial, in terms of frequency and devastating power, of natural disasters (par- ticularly in developing countries

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

46

Catalyzing Low Carbon Growth in Developing Countries | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Catalyzing Low Carbon Growth in Developing Countries Catalyzing Low Carbon Growth in Developing Countries Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary Name: Catalyzing Low Carbon Growth in Developing Countries: Public Finance Mechanisms to scale up private sector investment in climate solutions Agency/Company /Organization: United Nations Environment Programme Sector: Energy Focus Area: Renewable Energy, Energy Efficiency Topics: Finance, Low emission development planning, Policies/deployment programs Resource Type: Guide/manual Website: sefi.unep.org/fileadmin/media/sefi/docs/publications/PublicPrivateWeb. Catalyzing Low Carbon Growth in Developing Countries: Public Finance Mechanisms to scale up private sector investment in climate solutions Screenshot References: Catalyzing Low Carbon Growth in Developing Countries[1]

47

International Workshop on Small Scale Wind Energy for Developing Countries  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Scale Wind Energy for Developing Countries Scale Wind Energy for Developing Countries Jump to: navigation, search Name International Workshop on Small Scale Wind Energy for Developing Countries Agency/Company /Organization Risoe DTU Sector Energy Focus Area Renewable Energy, Wind Topics Implementation, Technology characterizations Resource Type Workshop, Training materials, Lessons learned/best practices Website http://www.risoe.dtu.dk/~/medi References International Workshop on Small Scale Wind Energy for Developing Countries[1] Background "The workshop covers the following main themes: Wind energy technologies, their perspectives and applications in developing countries. Reliability of wind turbines, lifetime and strength of wind turbine components. Low cost and natural materials for wind turbines.

48

An evolving collaborative model of working in students' global software development projects  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper describes the evolution of the collaborative model of working of our annual global software development project that started in 2005. The global software development project unites students from up to five countries with different roles to ... Keywords: agile methodologies, communication, global software development, scrum, software engineering

Christelle Scharff

2011-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

49

Electricity reform in Chile : lessons for developing countries  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Chile was the first country in the world to implement a comprehensive reform of its electricity sector in the recent period. Among developing countries only Argentina has had a comparably comprehensive and successful reform. ...

Pollitt, Michael G.

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

50

Access to Climate Change Technology by Developing Countries | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Access to Climate Change Technology by Developing Countries Access to Climate Change Technology by Developing Countries Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: Access to Climate Change Technology by Developing Countries Agency/Company /Organization: International Centre for Trade and Sustainable Development Sector: Energy, Land Focus Area: Renewable Energy Topics: Finance, Implementation Resource Type: Publications, Guide/manual Website: ictsd.org/downloads/2009/11/access-to-climate-change-technology-by-dev Access to Climate Change Technology by Developing Countries Screenshot References: Developing Country-Access to CC Tech[1] "The paper critically examines various approaches that have been suggested for achieving greater access to climate change technology by developing countries, including compulsory licensing, patent pools, patent databases

51

Energy in Developing Countries January 1991  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

such as carbon dioxide (CO2). International efforts to control greenhouse gas emissions require active technologies can slow the rate of increase in greenhouse gas emissions-a global benefit. The Purpose reflected in energy consumption. Per- capita consumption of commercial energy (coal, oil, gas

Laughlin, Robert B.

52

Preliminary working paper: satellite power system and lesser developed countries  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The objective of this report is to screen selected countries that, by geographical location, might be appropriate sites for the rectenna system and for which technical, environmental, social, demographic, political, and economic factors make a Satellite Power System (SPS) project appear possible. The study focused on countries that are referred to as Lesser Developed Countries (LDCs). Of 130 countries, sovereignties, and dependencies classified by the United Nations as less developed, thirteen countries were selected for study. The countries in the Americas are Mexico, Colombia, Venezuela, and Brazil. On the African continent, the countries are Algeria, Senegal, Gambia, Zaire, and Kenya. The countries in Asia and Oceania are The People's Republic of China, India, Thailand, and Indonesia. Certain general conclusions can be drawn from this study. Countries that might be able to support or contribute to SPS are the established, major energy exporters. The consumption of countries that export some energy virtually matches production. They may be able to pay for SPS in the years 2000 or 2025, but increased economic development and diversification of exports will need to be implemented first. Finally, those countries that import energy do not have an economic base by which they could support SPS unaided, but require energy. All thirteen nations could benefit from SPS. SPS could prove invaluable to these countries with sensitive economies. The added electrical energy could bolster their economies and provide for increased development so that the nations could suppport or contribute to SPS.

Oliver, T.E.; Ventry, L.T.; DuBois, C.; Dhanda, R.

1980-02-03T23:59:59.000Z

53

Building REDD Capacity in Developing Countries | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Building REDD Capacity in Developing Countries Building REDD Capacity in Developing Countries Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: Building REDD Capacity in Developing Countries Agency/Company /Organization: International Institute for Sustainable Development (IISD) Sector: Land Focus Area: Forestry Topics: Policies/deployment programs Resource Type: Workshop, Lessons learned/best practices Website: www.iisd.org/climate/land_use/redd/ Country: Kenya, Vietnam Eastern Africa, South-Eastern Asia References: IISD Building REDD Capacity in Developing Countries[1] Background "To provide developing countries with this support, IISD has partnered with the Alternatives to Slash and Burn Partnership for the Tropical Forest Margins, World Agroforesty Centre (ASB-ICRAF), to deliver a series of

54

Scaling up Renewable Energy in Developing Countries: finance...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

policy, aims to provide an evidence-base from private sector financiers involved in developing countries identifying issues faced in making RE investments in the 2008-2009...

55

Strategic analysis of mobile money ventures in Developing countries  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Mobile money services are spreading rapidly in many developed and developing countries across the world. Whereas in developed economies these new services are seen as a way to make current services more functional and ...

Caballero, Luis (Luis Alberto Caballero Parra)

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

56

Modelling Agricultural Trade and Policy Impacts in Less Developed Countries  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Modelling Agricultural Trade and Policy Impacts in Less Developed Countries Modelling Agricultural Trade and Policy Impacts in Less Developed Countries Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary Name: Modelling Agricultural Trade and Policy Impacts in Less Developed Countries Agency/Company /Organization: Organisation for Economic Co-Operation and Development Sector: Land Focus Area: Agriculture Topics: Policies/deployment programs Resource Type: Software/modeling tools Website: www.oecd.org/dataoecd/39/39/42122112.pdf Modelling Agricultural Trade and Policy Impacts in Less Developed Countries Screenshot References: Modelling Ag Policy[1] Overview "The role of agricultural policies in addressing the development needs of poorer countries is high on the political agenda, for both structural reasons and as a result of recent market developments. In the first place,

57

Green Light for Renewables in Developing Countries | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Green Light for Renewables in Developing Countries Green Light for Renewables in Developing Countries Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary Name: Green Light for Renewables in Developing Countries Agency/Company /Organization: Alliance for Rural Electrification Sector: Energy Focus Area: Renewable Energy Phase: Create a Vision Resource Type: Publications User Interface: Website Website: www.ruralelec.org/fileadmin/DATA/Documents/06_Publications/Position_pa Cost: Free Language: English The publication "Green light for renewable energies in developing countries" underpins how development and access to electricity are intertwined. The publication "Green light for renewable energies in developing countries" underpins how development and access to electricity are intertwined. It highlights the pros and cons of various technologies. Cost breakdowns

58

“Sustainable development of hydropower in third countries: The  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Sustainable development of hydropower in third countries: Sustainable development of hydropower in third countries: The development of hydropower on a sustainable basis has been an array of humanitarian and economic development, especially for local people as well as an important tool in the fight agains “Sustainable development of hydropower in third countries: The development of hydropower on a sustainable basis has been an array of humanitarian and economic development, especially for local people as well as an important tool in the fight agains “Sustainable development of hydropower in third countries: The development of hydropower on a sustainable basis has been an array of humanitarian and economic development, especially for local people as well as an important tool in the fight against glo

59

The globalization of clinical drug development  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Industry-sponsored clinical research of investigational drugs (also called clinical development) has traditionally been carried out in relatively developed countries in the North American, Western European, and Pacific ...

Thiers, Fabio Albuquerque

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

60

Mexico-CCAP Developing Country Project | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

form form View source History View New Pages Recent Changes All Special Pages Semantic Search/Querying Get Involved Help Apps Datasets Community Login | Sign Up Search Page Edit with form History Facebook icon Twitter icon » Mexico-CCAP Developing Country Project Jump to: navigation, search Name Mexico-Developing Country Project Agency/Company /Organization Center for Clean Air Policy Sector Climate, Energy Topics Background analysis, Implementation, Low emission development planning, Policies/deployment programs Website http://www.ccap.org/ Program Start 2006 Country Mexico Central America References Developing Country Project[1] Mexico-Developing Country Project Screenshot Contents 1 Overview 2 Brazil 3 China 4 India 5 Indonesia 6 Mexico 7 References Overview "As the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC)

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "developing countries global" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


61

Enabling a Transition to Low Carbon Economies in Developing Countries:  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Enabling a Transition to Low Carbon Economies in Developing Countries: Enabling a Transition to Low Carbon Economies in Developing Countries: Bangladesh Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: Enabling a Transition to Low Carbon Economies in Developing Countries: Bangladesh Agency/Company /Organization: Imperial College-London Sector: Energy, Climate Focus Area: Energy Efficiency, Biomass, - Waste to Energy, - Anaerobic Digestion, Solar, - Concentrating Solar Power, - Solar PV, Wind Topics: GHG inventory, Low emission development planning, Policies/deployment programs, Resource assessment, Pathways analysis, Background analysis Resource Type: Publications, Case studies/examples Website: workspace.imperial.ac.uk/energyfutureslab/Public/2010-03-17-Bangladesh Country: Bangladesh Southern Asia Enabling a Transition to Low Carbon Economies in Developing Countries: Bangladesh Screenshot

62

Reforming Power Markets in Developing Countries | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Reforming Power Markets in Developing Countries Reforming Power Markets in Developing Countries Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: Reforming Power Markets in Developing Countries Agency/Company /Organization: World Bank Sector: Energy Focus Area: Conventional Energy, Renewable Energy Topics: Policies/deployment programs Resource Type: Publications, Lessons learned/best practices Website: siteresources.worldbank.org/INTENERGY/Resources/Energy19.pdf References: Reforming Power Markets in Developing Countries [1] Summary "This paper complements the World Bank's Operational Guidance Note by compiling lessons of this experience that help in applying the Note's guidance. These lessons are taken from the rapidly growing literature on power market reform in developing countries. They cover the range of issues

63

Considerations in implementing integrated biomass energy systems in developing countries  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

In this paper, we discuss the issues and barriers associated with implementing integrated biomass energy systems in developing countries. An integrated biomass energy system in dependent on sustainably grown and managed energy crops, is supportive of rural development, is environmentally beneficial (locally and globally), is adapted to local conditions, takes advantage of by- and co-products, and uses conversion technologies that have been optimized for biomass. A preliminary evaluation of a biomass to electricity project relying on plantation grown feedstocks in rural Yunnan Province in Southwest China provided some financial/economic results, general conclusions, and an initial framework for conducting such assessments. Our assessment indicates that social and environmental benefits are substantial and that investment in the facility is well-justified. However, there are so many considerations to take into account when assessing biomass energy systems that their evaluation is exceedingly complex. These considerations are grouped into biomass production, biomass logistics and transport, and biomass conversion. Implementing such systems requires another grouping of considerations into energy and economics, institutional and social issues, and environmental issues. These are further defined in an effort to establish a framework of evaluation and assessment for other such projects. The conclusions that such a project would be viable in rural China is shadowed by many site-specific circumstances and highlights the need for systematic and integrated appraisal.

Perlack, R.D.; Ranney, J.W.

1993-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

64

Bicycle-powered attachments : designing for developing countries  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

There are 550 million smallholder farmers around the world who earn less than $1/day who could benefit from pedal-powered attachments. This project discusses factors to consider in designing for developing countries and ...

Wu, Jodie (Jodie Z.)

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

65

Understanding developing countries' capacities to negotiate effective trade agreements : Colombia  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This thesis explores the obstacles (the negotiation machinery, the asymmetric context of power and the international and domestic context) for developing countries in negotiating international trade agreements with the US. ...

Bonilla, Martha Isabel, 1965-

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

66

Essays on household decision making in developing countries  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This dissertation contains three essays on household decision making in the areas of education and health in developing countries. The first chapter explores intra-household decision making in the context of conditional ...

Berry, James W. (James Wesley)

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

67

Essays on banking and corporate finance in developing countries  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This dissertation consists of three essays that examine banking and corporate finance in developing countries. Specifically, it explores the theoretical and empirical implications of open capital markets, foreign bank ...

Gormley, Todd A

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

68

Brief description of the Developing Country Energy Project  

SciTech Connect

The objective of the project is to assess the role of new or adapted technologies in addressing the energy problems of developing countries. This objective is pursued through activities ranging from historical economic analyses of the role of energy in development to assessments of individual technologies carried out in support of research and development planning. The project, started in 1975, carries a particular emphasis on the energy problems and technologies appropriate to rural development. A firm tenet of the activity is, however, that the role of individual energy technologies can be understood only through an integrated view of the entire energy system and the way in which that system meshes with the economic and cultural structure of a society. The entire group of LDCs are being examined to develop a better understanding of the role of energy in development and to project the energy requirements of those countries under alternative growth patterns. Some representative countries were used as the basis for generic energy technology assessment. Seven countries were chosen as an initial set for analysis based on their representing a range of levels of development, climate, resource base, etc. These countries were India and Kenya (in the low, less than $200 per capita, income group) Ghana and South Korea (in the intermediate income group), and Chile, Brazil and Greece (in the upper, greater than $550 per capita, income group). In constructing energy supply-demand models for these countries, emphasis was placed on incorporating data on noncommercial energy use wherever such information was available. (MCW)

1976-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

69

Global niche markets and local development : clientelism and fairtrade farmer organizations in Paraguay's sugar industry  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Globalization has transformed the markets in which agricultural goods are traded, placing new demands on farmers around the world. In developing countries, smallholder and peasant farmers lack many of the resources needed ...

Setrini, Gustavo

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

70

Work distribution in global product development organizations  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The evolution of the internet, digital design tools, and more importantly, increasing access to global markets and workforce, has increased the interest of firms in offshoring their engineering and product development ...

Tripathy, Anshuman

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

71

Global Nuclear Energy Partnership Fact Sheet - Develop Advanced...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Global Nuclear Energy Partnership Fact Sheet - Develop Advanced Burner Reactors Global Nuclear Energy Partnership Fact Sheet - Develop Advanced Burner Reactors GNEP will develop...

72

Scaling up Renewable Energy in Developing Countries: finance and investment  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Scaling up Renewable Energy in Developing Countries: finance and investment Scaling up Renewable Energy in Developing Countries: finance and investment perspectives Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary Name: Scaling up Renewable Energy in Developing Countries: finance and investment perspectives Agency/Company /Organization: Kirsty Hamilton Sector: Energy Focus Area: Renewable Energy, Economic Development, Energy Efficiency Phase: Create a Vision Topics: - Energy Access, Finance, Low emission development planning Resource Type: Publications User Interface: Website Website: www.chathamhouse.org/sites/default/files/public/Research/Energy,%20Env Cost: Free Language: English This paper, written for those involved in understanding and shaping policy, aims to provide an evidence-base from private sector financiers involved in

73

The new Basel accord and developing countries: problems and alternatives  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

programmes of the IMF and World Bank come with conditions attached, and these conditions include compliance with international regulatory benchmarks. Bank branches from developing countries are authorised in high-income countries only if their home... change of approach to regulation. Banks can, and do, change their risk profiles very rapidly. Periodic examination of prudential returns has become less useful, and some banks routinely window-dress at reporting dates. Regulators, like auditors...

Ward, Jonathan

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

74

Identify types of development and climate impacts that are country  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

source source History View New Pages Recent Changes All Special Pages Semantic Search/Querying Get Involved Help Apps Datasets Community Login | Sign Up Search Page Edit History Facebook icon Twitter icon » Identify types of development and climate impacts that are country priorities Jump to: navigation, search Stage 3 LEDS Home Introduction to Framework Assess current country plans, policies, practices, and capacities Develop_BAU Stage 4: Prioritizing and Planning for Actions Begin execution of implementation plans 1.0. Organizing the LEDS Process 1.1. Institutional Structure for LEDS 1.2. Workplan to Develop the LEDS 1.3. Roles and responsibilities to develop LEDS 2.1. Assess current country plans, policies, practices, and capacities 2.2. Compile lessons learned and good practices from ongoing and

75

Caste Structures and E-Governance in a Developing Country  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Castes, or endogamous kinship relationships, are prevalent in communities across the world and particularly in developing countries. Caste plays a strong role in determining community structures and political power. However, the role of caste as a factor ... Keywords: India, Structuration, caste, development, e-governance, technology

Rahul De'

2009-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

76

A new approach for scientific data dissemination in developing countries: a case of Indonesia  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This short paper is intended as an additional progress report to share our experiences in Indonesia on collecting, integrating and disseminating both global and local scientific data across the country through the web technology. Our recent efforts are exerted on improving the local public access to the global scientific data, and on the other hand encouraging the local scientific data to be more accessible for the global communities. We have maintained well-connected infrastructure and some web-based information management systems to realize such objectives. This paper is especially focused on introducing the ARSIP for mirroring global as well as sharing local scientific data, and the newly developed Indonesian Scientific Index for integrating local scientific data through automated intelligent indexing system.

Handoko, L T

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

77

Carbon Dioxide Capture and Storage Demonstration in Developing Countries:  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Carbon Dioxide Capture and Storage Demonstration in Developing Countries: Carbon Dioxide Capture and Storage Demonstration in Developing Countries: Analysis of Key Policy Issues and Barriers Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: Carbon Dioxide Capture and Storage Demonstration in Developing Countries: Analysis of Key Policy Issues and Barriers Focus Area: Clean Fossil Energy Topics: Potentials & Scenarios Website: cdn.globalccsinstitute.com/sites/default/files/publications/15536/carb Equivalent URI: cleanenergysolutions.org/content/carbon-dioxide-capture-and-storage-de Policies: "Deployment Programs,Financial Incentives" is not in the list of possible values (Deployment Programs, Financial Incentives, Regulations) for this property. DeploymentPrograms: Technical Assistance This report discusses the value of carbon capture and storage (CCS)

78

Policies for Promoting Industrial Energy Efficiency in Developing Countries  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Policies for Promoting Industrial Energy Efficiency in Developing Countries Policies for Promoting Industrial Energy Efficiency in Developing Countries and Transition Economies Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: Policies for Promoting Industrial Energy Efficiency in Developing Countries and Transition Economies Focus Area: Industry Topics: Policy Data Website: www.unido.org/fileadmin/media/documents/pdf/Energy_Environment/ind_ene Equivalent URI: cleanenergysolutions.org/content/policies-promoting-industrial-energy- Language: English Policies: "Deployment Programs,Regulations" is not in the list of possible values (Deployment Programs, Financial Incentives, Regulations) for this property. DeploymentPrograms: Industry Codes & Standards Regulations: Energy Standards This paper presents policy options under the structure of an Industrial

79

Industrial Energy Use and Energy Efficiency in Developing Countries  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The industrial sector accounts for over 50% of energy used in developing countries. Growth in this sector has been over 4.5% per year since 1980. Energy intensity trends for four energy-intensive sub-sectors (iron and steel, chemicals, building materials, and pulp and paper) are reviewed. Scenarios of future industrial sector energy use in developing countries show that this region will dominate world industrial energy use in 2020. Growth is expected to be about 3.0% per year in a business-as-usual case, but can be reduced using state-of-the art or advanced technologies. Polices to encourage adoption of these technologies are briefly discussed.

Price, L.; Martin, N.; Levine, M. D.; Worrell, E.

1996-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

80

Pending Issues In Decommissioning Of Nuclear Installations In Developing Countries  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

While decommissioning technology and infrastructures are reasonably mature in fully developed countries at the beginning of the third millennium, this is not necessarily the case for some developing countries. It is unfortunate that many of these countries have given little or no attention to early planning and creation of infrastructures for the decommissioning of their nuclear installations, which in many cases are candidates for permanent shutdown in the near future. Critical areas include inter alia (1) poor or no allocation of decommissioning funds, (2) uncertain availability of affordable technologies, (3) unclear definition of roles and responsibilities including lack of regulations, (4) inadequate management and organization techniques, (5) perceived low priority and weak political support, and (6) lack of human and technical resources, particularly in the long term. The International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) is a unique forum to identify and address current and prospecti...

Michele Laraia International

2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "developing countries global" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


81

Contextuality of participation in IS design: a developing country perspective  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Participatory approaches to information systems design have evolved over approximately the last three decades, mainly in Scandinavia, Europe, and lately in the US. However there has been limited and peripheral research and debates over participatory ... Keywords: community IS, developing countries, health information systems, participatory design

S. K. Puri; Elaine Byrne; Jose Leopoldo Nhampossa; Zubeeda B. Quraishi

2004-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

82

Advancing Energy Development in Indian Country (Fact Sheet)  

SciTech Connect

This fact sheet provides information on the Strategic Technical Assistance Response Team (START) Program, a U.S. Department of Energy Office of Indian Energy Policy and Programs (DOE-IE) initiative to provide technical expertise to support the development of next-generation energy projects in Indian Country.

2013-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

83

Electricity reform in developing and transition countries: A reappraisal  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Electricity reform in developing and transition countries: A reappraisal J.H. Williams, R. Ghanadan-oriented reforms in their electric power sectors. Despite the widespread adoption of a standard policy model features of non-OECD electricity reform and reappraises reform policies and underlying assumptions

Kammen, Daniel M.

84

Electricity Reform in Chile: Lessons for Developing Countries  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

% for the country as a whole, but 58% in the central system)7 but as demand increases fossil fuels have become more important (in this it is comparable to Columbia and the south west of Brazil). However Chile is perhaps unusual among developing countries because... of the strength of protection for private property and the stability engendered by the long period of economically disciplined military rule. 2. Chiles Electricity Reform In 1974 Chiles electricity utilities were in a mess.8 Inflation, high fuel prices...

Pollitt, Michael G.

2006-03-14T23:59:59.000Z

85

Nuclear Energy Readiness Indicator Index (NERI): A benchmarking tool for assessing nuclear capacity in developing countries  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Declining natural resources, rising oil prices, looming climate change and the introduction of nuclear energy partnerships, such as GNEP, have reinvigorated global interest in nuclear energy. The convergence of such issues has prompted countries to move ahead quickly to deal with the challenges that lie ahead. However, developing countries, in particular, often lack the domestic infrastructure and public support needed to implement a nuclear energy program in a safe, secure, and nonproliferation-conscious environment. How might countries become ready for nuclear energy? What is needed is a framework for assessing a country's readiness for nuclear energy. This paper suggests that a Nuclear Energy Readiness Indicator (NERI) Index might serve as a meaningful basis for assessing a country's status in terms of progress toward nuclear energy utilization under appropriate conditions. The NERI Index is a benchmarking tool that measures a country's level of 'readiness' for nonproliferation-conscious nuclear energy development. NERI first identifies 8 key indicators that have been recognized by the International Atomic Energy Agency as key nonproliferation and security milestones to achieve prior to establishing a nuclear energy program. It then measures a country's progress in each of these areas on a 1-5 point scale. In doing so NERI illuminates gaps or underdeveloped areas in a country's nuclear infrastructure with a view to enable stakeholders to prioritize the allocation of resources toward programs and policies supporting international nonproliferation goals through responsible nuclear energy development. On a preliminary basis, the indicators selected include: (1) demonstrated need; (2) expressed political support; (3) participation in nonproliferation and nuclear security treaties, international terrorism conventions, and export and border control arrangements; (4) national nuclear-related legal and regulatory mechanisms; (5) nuclear infrastructure; (6) the utilization of IAEA technical assistance; (7) participation in regional arrangements; and (8) public support for nuclear power. In this paper, the Index aggregates the indicators and evaluates and compares the level of readiness in seven countries that have recently expressed various degrees of interest in establishing a nuclear energy program. The NERI Index could be a valuable tool to be utilized by: (1) country officials who are considering nuclear power; (2) the international community, desiring reassurance of a country's capacity for the peaceful, safe, and secure use of nuclear energy; (3) foreign governments/NGO's, seeking to prioritize and direct resources toward developing countries; and (4) private stakeholders interested in nuclear infrastructure investment opportunities.

Saum-Manning,L.

2008-07-13T23:59:59.000Z

86

PROCEEDINGS Open Access Occupational cancer in developed countries  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Studies of occupational exposures have made major contributions to our understanding of human carcinogenesis. About one third of the factors identified as definite or probable human carcinogens were first investigated in the workplace and these exposures exact a considerable toll on working populations. There are many additional workplace exposures that are suspect carcinogens that require further evaluation to ensure a safe work environment. Information from occupational investigations is also relevant to the general population because many occupational exposures can be found outside the workplace. Much of our understanding about occupational cancer has been obtained from studies largely composed of white men in developed countries. The movement of industry from developed to developing countries underscores the need for future investigations to include more diverse populations. What do we know? Studies of exposures in the workplace have made major contributions to our understanding of human carcinogenesis. The International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC) Monographs on the Evaluation of

Aaron Blair; Loraine Marrett; Laura Beane Freeman

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

87

Development of a global facility location analysis tool  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

With an economy and customer base that is global, companies are increasingly expanding outside their home country's borders. Many times this is done to take advantage of lower labor or material rates, to increase proximity ...

Johnson, Briana F

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

88

Electric motor systems in developing countries: Opportunities for efficiency improvement  

SciTech Connect

This report presents an overview of the current status and efficiency improvement potential of industrial motor systems in developing countries. Better management of electric motor systems is of particular relevance in developing countries, where improved efficiency can lead to increased productivity and slower growth in electricity demand. Motor systems currently consume some 65--80% of the industrial electricity in developing countries. Drawing on studies from Thailand, India, Brazil, China, Pakistan, and Costa Rica, we describe potential efficiency gains in various parts of the motor system, from the electricity delivery system through the motor to the point where useful work is performed. We report evidence of a significant electricity conservation potential. Most of the efficiency improvement methods we examine are very cost-effective from a societal viewpoint, but are generally not implemented due to various barriers that deter their adoption. Drawing on experiences in North America, we discuss a range of policies to overcome these barriers, including education, training, minimum efficiency standards, motor efficiency testing protocols, technical assistance programs, and financial incentives.

Meyers, S.; Monahan, P.; Lewis, P.; Greenberg, S. [Lawrence Berkeley Lab., CA (United States); Nadel, S. [American Council for an Energy-Efficient Economy, Washington, DC (United States)

1993-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

89

Electricity Reform in Chile. Lessons for Developing Countries  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Chile was the first country in the world to implement a comprehensive reform of its electricity sector in the recent period. Among developing countries only Argentina has had a comparably comprehensive and successful reform. This paper traces the history of the Chilean reform, which began in 1982, and assesses its progress and its lessons. We conclude that the reform has been very successful. We suggest lessons for the generation, transmission and distribution sectors, as well as the economic regulation of electricity and the general institutional environment favourable to reform. We note that while the initial market structure and regulatory arrangements did give rise to certain problems, the overall experience argues strongly for the private ownership and operation of the electricity industry.

Michael Pollitt

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

90

Global Nuclear Energy Partnership Fact Sheet - Develop Enhanced Nuclear  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Global Nuclear Energy Partnership Fact Sheet - Develop Enhanced Global Nuclear Energy Partnership Fact Sheet - Develop Enhanced Nuclear Safeguards Global Nuclear Energy Partnership Fact Sheet - Develop Enhanced Nuclear Safeguards GNEP will help prevent misuse of civilian nuclear facilities for nonpeaceful purposes by developing enhanced safeguards programs and technologies. International nuclear safeguards are integral to implementing the GNEP vision of a peaceful expansion of nuclear energy and demonstration of more proliferation-resistant fuel cycle technologies. Global Nuclear Energy Partnership Fact Sheet - Develop Enhanced Nuclear Safeguards More Documents & Publications GNEP Element:Develop Enhanced Nuclear Safeguards Global Nuclear Energy Partnership Fact Sheet Global Nuclear Energy Partnership Fact Sheet - Demonstrate Small-Scale

91

Nano/Microfluidics for diagnosis of infectious diseases in developing countries Won Gu Lee a,b,1  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Nano/Microfluidics for diagnosis of infectious diseases in developing countries Won Gu Lee a,b,1 history: Received 15 June 2009 Accepted 14 September 2009 Available online 30 November 2009 Keywords: Nano/Microfluidics Infectious diseases HIV/AIDS Point-of-care Diagnostics Global health Nano/Microfluidic technologies

Demirci, Utkan

92

THE FINANCIAL SECTOR AND RENEWABLE ENERGY DEVELOPMENT IN NON-OECD COUNTRIES: AN EMPIRICAL ANALYSIS.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??This paper examines the role of the financial sector in the development of renewable energy generation in non-OECD countries. A panel dataset of 156 countries (more)

NADEEM, SYED ALI

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

93

Greenhouse gas emissions and the developing countries: Strategic options and the U. S. A. I. D. response. Report to the Congress  

SciTech Connect

The report responds to the Fiscal Year 1990 Foreign Assistance Appropriations Act, which requested the Agency for International Development (A.I.D.) to prepare a report that (1) examines the potential contributions of developing countries to future global emissions of greenhouse gases under different economic growth scenarios, (2) estimates the relative contributions of those countries to global greenhouse gas emissions, and (3) identifies specific key countries that stand to contribute significantly to global greenhouse gas emissions, and in which actions to promote energy efficiency, reliance on renewable resources, and conservation of forest resources could significantly reduce emissions of greenhouse gases. The report presents ongoing programs and new initiatives being considered by A.I.D. to promote sustained economic growth in developing countries while minimizing greenhouse gas emissions. Estimates of present and projected emissions, including emissions from A.I.D.-designated key countries, are based on the work of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC). Despite the uncertainties regarding the timing, magnitude, and impacts of global climate change, the issue has dramatized the daunting problems faced by developing countries in achieving sustained economic and social development. Responding to the policy imperative of managing the global commons while accelerating development in individual countries is one of the significant challenges of our time.

Jhirad, D.; Padmanabhan, S.

1990-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

94

Solid waste management challenges for cities in developing countries  

SciTech Connect

Highlights: Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Stakeholders. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Factors affecting performance waste management systems. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Questionnaire as Annex for waste management baseline assessment. - Abstract: Solid waste management is a challenge for the cities' authorities in developing countries mainly due to the increasing generation of waste, the burden posed on the municipal budget as a result of the high costs associated to its management, the lack of understanding over a diversity of factors that affect the different stages of waste management and linkages necessary to enable the entire handling system functioning. An analysis of literature on the work done and reported mainly in publications from 2005 to 2011, related to waste management in developing countries, showed that few articles give quantitative information. The analysis was conducted in two of the major scientific journals, Waste Management Journal and Waste Management and Research. The objective of this research was to determine the stakeholders' action/behavior that have a role in the waste management process and to analyze influential factors on the system, in more than thirty urban areas in 22 developing countries in 4 continents. A combination of methods was used in this study in order to assess the stakeholders and the factors influencing the performance of waste management in the cities. Data was collected from scientific literature, existing data bases, observations made during visits to urban areas, structured interviews with relevant professionals, exercises provided to participants in workshops and a questionnaire applied to stakeholders. Descriptive and inferential statistic methods were used to draw conclusions. The outcomes of the research are a comprehensive list of stakeholders that are relevant in the waste management systems and a set of factors that reveal the most important causes for the systems' failure. The information provided is very useful when planning, changing or implementing waste management systems in cities.

Abarca Guerrero, Lilliana, E-mail: l.abarca.guerrero@tue.nl [Built Environment Department, Eindhoven University of Technology, Den Dolech, 25612 AZ Eindhoven (Netherlands); Maas, Ger, E-mail: g.j.maas@tue.nl [Built Environment Department, Eindhoven University of Technology, Den Dolech, 25612 AZ Eindhoven (Netherlands); Hogland, William, E-mail: william.hogland@lnu.se [School of Natural Sciences, Linnaeus University, SE-391 82 Kalmar (Sweden)

2013-01-15T23:59:59.000Z

95

The Challenge of Limiting Greenhouse Gas Emissions Through Activities implemented Jointly in Developing Countries: A Brazilian Perspective  

SciTech Connect

This paper addresses, from the Brazilian perspective, the main problems with Joint Implementation/Activities Implemented Jointly (JI/AIJ) between industrialized (Annex I) and developing (non-Annex I) countries, as defined by the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC). Four possible GHG emissions abatement measures are presented for Brazil: forest protection, reforestation projects for carbon sequestration or charcoal manufacturing, use of ethanol produced from sugar cane as a car fuel, and electrical energy conservation through an increase in end-use efficiencies. These four case studies form the basis of a discussion regarding the validity of developing countries' concerns about JI/AIJ. Recommendations are offered for overcoming the present shortcomings of JI/AIJ in developing countries. The primary conclusion is that Annex I countries' funding of JI/AIJ projects in developing countries in return for GHG emissions credits is not the best means to implement the UNFCCC. However, JI/AIJ projects can be a productive means of preventing global climate change if combined with other measures, including GHG emissions reduction targets for all countries involved in JI/AIJ projects and limits on the percentage of industrialized countries' emissions reductions that can be met through projects in developing countries.

La Rovere, E.L.

1998-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

96

Future of photovoltaic energy conversion in developing countries  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Recent studies reveal that photovoltaic energy conversion will be economically viable for usage in developing countries. An overview of programs designed to lower the costs of such conversion systems is presented. Government goals are reviewed, as well as application projects relative to rural usage. A summary of the state-of-the-art in both advanced research and commercially available technology is presented. It is concluded that with the range of the work being done, such systems will be viable for many rural applications within 5 years.

Hogan, S.

1980-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

97

Development of an Integrated Global Energy Model  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The primary objective of this research was to develop a forefront analysis tool for application to enhance understanding of long-term, global, nuclear-energy and nuclear-material futures. To this end, an existing economics-energy-environmental (E{sup 3}) model was adopted, modified, and elaborated to examine this problem in a multi-regional (13), long-term ({approximately}2,100) context. The E{sup 3} model so developed was applied to create a Los Alamos presence in this E{sup 3} area through ''niche analyses'' that provide input to the formulation of policies dealing with and shaping of nuclear-energy and nuclear-materials futures. Results from analyses using the E{sup 3} model have been presented at a variety of national and international conferences and workshops. Through use of the E{sup 3} model Los Alamos was afforded the opportunity to participate in a multi-national E{sup 3} study team that is examining a range of global, long-term nuclear issues under the auspices of the IAEA during the 1998-99 period . Finally, the E{sup 3} model developed under this LDRD project is being used as an important component in more recent Nuclear Material Management Systems (NMMS) project.

Krakowski, R.A.

1999-07-08T23:59:59.000Z

98

Sustainable recycling of municipal solid waste in developing countries  

SciTech Connect

This research focuses on recycling in developing countries as one form of sustainable municipal solid waste management (MSWM). Twenty-three case studies provided municipal solid waste (MSW) generation and recovery rates and composition for compilation and assessment. The average MSW generation rate was 0.77 kg/person/day, with recovery rates from 5-40%. The waste streams of 19 of these case studies consisted of 0-70% recyclables and 17-80% organics. Qualitative analysis of all 23 case studies identified barriers or incentives to recycling, which resulted in the development of factors influencing recycling of MSW in developing countries. The factors are government policy, government finances, waste characterization, waste collection and segregation, household education, household economics, MSWM (municipal solid waste management) administration, MSWM personnel education, MSWM plan, local recycled-material market, technological and human resources, and land availability. Necessary and beneficial relationships drawn among these factors revealed the collaborative nature of sustainable MSWM. The functionality of the factor relationships greatly influenced the success of sustainable MSWM. A correlation existed between stakeholder involvement and the three dimensions of sustainability: environment, society, and economy. The only factors driven by all three dimensions (waste collection and segregation, MSWM plan, and local recycled-material market) were those requiring the greatest collaboration with other factors.

Troschinetz, Alexis M. [Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering, Sustainable Futures Institute, Michigan Technological University, 1400 Townsend Dr., Houghton, MI 49931 (United States)], E-mail: alexis_troschinetz@yahoo.com; Mihelcic, James R. [Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering, Sustainable Futures Institute, Michigan Technological University, 1400 Townsend Dr., Houghton, MI 49931 (United States)

2009-02-15T23:59:59.000Z

99

Green Economy: Developing Country Success Stories | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Page Page Edit with form History Facebook icon Twitter icon » Green Economy: Developing Country Success Stories Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: Green Economy: Developing Country Success Stories Agency/Company /Organization: United Nations Environment Programme Sector: Energy, Land Focus Area: Energy Efficiency, Renewable Energy, Solar, Buildings, Forestry, Agriculture Topics: Background analysis Resource Type: Lessons learned/best practices Website: www.unep.org/pdf/GreenEconomy_SuccessStories.pdf Country: China, Tunisia, Kenya, Uganda, Brazil, India, Nepal, Ecuador UN Region: Central Asia, Eastern Asia, "Latin America and Caribbean" is not in the list of possible values (Eastern Africa, Middle Africa, Northern Africa, Southern Africa, Western Africa, Caribbean, Central America, South America, Northern America, Central Asia, Eastern Asia, Southern Asia, South-Eastern Asia, Western Asia, Eastern Europe, Northern Europe, Southern Europe, Western Europe, Australia and New Zealand, Melanesia, Micronesia, Polynesia, Latin America and the Caribbean) for this property., "Western Asia & North Africa" is not in the list of possible values (Eastern Africa, Middle Africa, Northern Africa, Southern Africa, Western Africa, Caribbean, Central America, South America, Northern America, Central Asia, Eastern Asia, Southern Asia, South-Eastern Asia, Western Asia, Eastern Europe, Northern Europe, Southern Europe, Western Europe, Australia and New Zealand, Melanesia, Micronesia, Polynesia, Latin America and the Caribbean) for this property., "Sub-Saharan Africa" is not in the list of possible values (Eastern Africa, Middle Africa, Northern Africa, Southern Africa, Western Africa, Caribbean, Central America, South America, Northern America, Central Asia, Eastern Asia, Southern Asia, South-Eastern Asia, Western Asia, Eastern Europe, Northern Europe, Southern Europe, Western Europe, Australia and New Zealand, Melanesia, Micronesia, Polynesia, Latin America and the Caribbean) for this property.

100

National Energy Efficiency and Conservation Policies and Programs in Developed Countries and Middle East  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The world's economies should endeavour to ultimately reduce their energy consumption, rather than simply adjusting or optimizing their energy utilisation. The implementation of intelligent strategies, designed to manage human activities which are highly dependent on energy, should be the preferred solution to develop and achieve a sustainable and secure economy. This paper describes policies for energy conservation adopted by developed industrialized countries such as Japan, Germany, France, Britain and the US, as well as developing countries in the Middle East such as Qatar, Kuwait, Syria and the United Arab Emirates. The aim of this document will be to identify and clarify the major factors that drive the creation and implementation of energy policies, as well as the strength and weakness of each of the adopted strategies of energy conservation, including the associated risks and opportunities. The conclusion of this study will offer recommendations for the most suitable framework for determining the best practices to develop sustainable societies in Middle East region, which in turn will equip these countries to respond more efficiently to the implementation of the latest international standards, which are mandatory in order to succeed in the global business field.

Tyrer, C. F.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "developing countries global" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


101

Integrated framework for analysis: electric sector expansion in developing countries  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The objective of this dissertation is the development of an analytical framework for the assessment of electric sector expansion strategies in developing countries, in the context of overall development planning, and with particular emphasis on macroeconomic and social implications. The framework will ensure that each electric capacity expansion alternative is linked quantitatively and consistently with a given economic development plan. The analytical model employs an integrated set of technological and economic models to explore the national energy and economy response to electric sector expansion planning for the Korean case. In this study, two integrated models were developed. The integrated model 1 is composed of a macroeconomic model, an energy input-output model, and an energy network flow model. This model accounts for the relationships of energy demand with overall economic development, and interfuel substitution, for the relationships between the investment capital required to meet astated levels of electric demand and overall investment planning and foreign exchange requirements, and economic impacts of the energy sector on gross national product (GNP) and balance of payments (BOP). The integrated model 2 is composed of an energy input-output model, and energy network flow model, and a GNP identify constraint,and calculates the macroeconomic-balanced level of comsumption, electric sector investments, industrial sector investments, and energy imports given policy-determined GNP and other GNP components. The two models were applied ot the Korean case by using a trial scenario and assumed input data. Computational results demonstrate and prove the workability of the models.

Lee, M.K.

1982-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

102

Developing country effects of Kyoto-type emissions restrictions  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Economic links among countries, through trade, will cause the effects of greenhouse-gas control measures taken by one set of nations to ripple through the international trade system, affecting countries that may not have ...

Babiker, Mustafa H.M.; Jacoby, Henry D.

103

Carbon emissions and sequestration in forests: Case studies from seven developing countries. Volume 1, Summary: Draft  

SciTech Connect

Forests are a major source of carbon dioxide emissions in developing countries, in most cases far exceeding the emissions from the energy sector. To date, however, efforts at quantifying forestry emissions have produced a wide range of results. In order to assist policymakers in developing measures to reduce emissions` levels and to increase carbon sequestration, the Tropical Forest Research Network (F-7) has undertaken this effort to improve the precision of emissions estimates and to identify possible response options in the forestry sector. This paper summarizes the results of one component of this work. The Tropical Forest Research Network (F-7) was established in 1990 as part of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change`s (IPCC) activities in examining growing emissions of greenhouse gases and their potential impact on the global climate. Unlike past methods, this study relied on a network of participants from developing countries to prepare estimates of carbon emissions. The participating countries -- Brazil, China, India, Indonesia, Malaysia, Mexico and Thailand -- currently represent an estimated two-thirds of the annual deforestation of closed moist forests. This study gives an estimate of 837 million tonnes of carbon emissions from deforestation and logging in the F-7 countries in 1990. A proportional projection of these estimates to the tropical biome shows that the total carbon emissions are between 1.1 and 1.7 billion tonnes of carbon, with a working average of 1.4 billion tonnes per year. This work also provides estimates of emissions and uptake from China, which past studies rarely have included. This summary will be followed by individual reports by each of the participating countries, which will include detailed evaluations of possible response options. Estimates for Nigeria are also under preparation.

Makundi, W.; Sathaye, J. [eds.; Cerutti, O.M.

1992-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

104

Carbon emissions and sequestration in forests: Case studies from seven developing countries  

SciTech Connect

Forests are a major source of carbon dioxide emissions in developing countries, in most cases far exceeding the emissions from the energy sector. To date, however, efforts at quantifying forestry emissions have produced a wide range of results. In order to assist policymakers in developing measures to reduce emissions' levels and to increase carbon sequestration, the Tropical Forest Research Network (F-7) has undertaken this effort to improve the precision of emissions estimates and to identify possible response options in the forestry sector. This paper summarizes the results of one component of this work. The Tropical Forest Research Network (F-7) was established in 1990 as part of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change's (IPCC) activities in examining growing emissions of greenhouse gases and their potential impact on the global climate. Unlike past methods, this study relied on a network of participants from developing countries to prepare estimates of carbon emissions. The participating countries -- Brazil, China, India, Indonesia, Malaysia, Mexico and Thailand -- currently represent an estimated two-thirds of the annual deforestation of closed moist forests. This study gives an estimate of 837 million tonnes of carbon emissions from deforestation and logging in the F-7 countries in 1990. A proportional projection of these estimates to the tropical biome shows that the total carbon emissions are between 1.1 and 1.7 billion tonnes of carbon, with a working average of 1.4 billion tonnes per year. This work also provides estimates of emissions and uptake from China, which past studies rarely have included. This summary will be followed by individual reports by each of the participating countries, which will include detailed evaluations of possible response options. Estimates for Nigeria are also under preparation.

Makundi, W.; Sathaye, J. (eds.); Cerutti, O.M.

1992-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

105

Assessing the Role of Energy in Development and Climate Policies in Large Developing Countries  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Assessing the Role of Energy in Development and Climate Policies in Large Developing Countries Amit policy goals related to sustainable development (SD), energy and climate can be integrated. However that can be used to assess development, energy and climate policies is introduced and empirical indicators

106

The role of carbon finance in enhancing building performance in developing countries  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Buildings in developing countries (DCs) will play a significant role in global GHG emission mitigation in the next decades (IPCC, 2007; IEA,2008). According to the UN World Urbanization Prospects report (2005 revision), 60 percent (4.9 billion) of world population will live in cites by 2030, most of them in DCs. The unprecedented urbanization in these countries poses a huge challenge for environment since most of buildings are built quickly and cheaply to accommodate new immigrants and the energy performance is often considered second priority. Implementation of energy efficiency in buildings confronts both technical and institutional barriers. Enabling environmental sustainability buildings with economic benefits and welfare improvement is the major concerns on the policy agenda in DCs. Therefore how to articulate sustainable urban development and emissions reduction policies in DCs will be of considerable importance in the post-Kyoto climate regime negotiation. Considerable investment will be required to allow the uptake of climate-friendly technologies and capacity building, thus financial assistance and technology transfer from developed countries to DCs is likely to play increasingly important role.

Li, J.

2009-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

107

Developing and Transferring Technologies for a Global Low-Carbon...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Office EETD Safety Program Development Contact Us Department Contacts Media Contacts Developing and Transferring Technologies for a Global Low-Carbon Energy System Speaker(s):...

108

The contribution of mobile telecommunication technology to sustainable development in selected countries in Africa  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

While most of the world's population resides in countries that are wealthy or developing, the rest reside in low-income and least developed countries (LDCs), left behind and growing more disconnected. At the same time, ...

Shih, Alexander (Alexander En-Tzu)

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

109

CO sub 2 emissions from developing countries: Better understanding the role of energy in the long term  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Recent years have witnessed a growing recognition of the link between emissions of carbon dioxide (CO{sub 2}) and changes in the global climate. of all anthropogenic activities, energy production and use generate the single largest portion of these greenhouse gases. Although developing countries currently account for a small share of global carbon emissions, their contribution is increasing rapidly. Due to the rapid expansion of energy demand in these nations, the developing world's share in global modern energy use rose from 16 to 27 percent between 1970 and 1990. If the growth rates observed over the past 20 years persist, energy demand in developing nations will surpass that in the countries of the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD) early in the 21st century. The study seeks to examine the forces that galvanize the growth of energy use and carbon emissions, to assess the likely future levels of energy and CO{sub 2} in selected developing nations and to identify opportunities for restraining this growth. The purpose of this report is to provide the quantitative information needed to develop effective policy options, not to identify the options themselves. A combined study was carried out for the countries of the Gulf Cooperation Council (Bahrain, Kuwait, Oman, Qatar, Saudi Arabia and the United Arab Emirates).

Sathaye, J.; Goldman, N. (eds.)

1991-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

110

Caspian countries are developing new oil and natural gas export ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

The Caspian Sea region has the potential to export oil and natural gas to European, South Asian, and East Asian markets. With rising energy prices and growing global ...

111

Reform and Regulation of the Electricity Sectors in Developing Countries  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

in investment patterns reflect the differences in the reform strategies adopted by the countries in these regions during the 1990s. By and large, the EAP and SA countries opted for power purchase agreements (PPAs) with independent power producers (IPPs) while...

Jamasb, Tooraj; Littlechild, Stephen C

2004-06-16T23:59:59.000Z

112

CRC handbook of agricultural energy potential of developing countries  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This book provides background information on the agroenergetic potential of 65 countries and offers summaries of major crops planted, total area planted, yield per hectare, and total production. Total land area is categorized as to agriculture, forest, and woodland, and is discussed with demographic statistics for each country. The potential for agricultural by-products and biomass to contribute to energy availability is explored, with reference to each major crop. Vegetation and/or economic activity, or soil maps are presented for most countries, as are climatic data, with crop yields and residues which are compared with production elsewhere.

Duke, J.A.

1986-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

113

Event:CDKN/MAPS side event: developing countries collaborating for climate  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

CDKN/MAPS side event: developing countries collaborating for climate CDKN/MAPS side event: developing countries collaborating for climate compatible development Jump to: navigation, search Calendar.png CDKN/MAPS side event: developing countries collaborating for climate compatible development: 20:15-21:45 on 2011/12/08 CDKN/MAPS side event: developing countries collaborating for climate compatible development Event Details Name CDKN/MAPS side event: developing countries collaborating for climate compatible development Date 2011/12/08 Time 20:15-21:45 Location Levubu River room, Durban Exhibition Centre Organizer Climate and Development Knowledge Network (CDKN) Tags Climate Knowledge Broker Ret LikeLike UnlikeLike You like this.Sign Up to see what your friends like. rieved from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=Event:CDKN/MAPS_side_event:_developing_countries_collaborating_for_climate_compatible_development&oldid=391878

114

Global Nuclear Energy Partnership Fact Sheet - Develop Advanced Burner  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Develop Advanced Develop Advanced Burner Reactors Global Nuclear Energy Partnership Fact Sheet - Develop Advanced Burner Reactors GNEP will develop and demonstrate Advanced Burner Reactors (ABRs) that consume transuranic elements (plutonium and other long-lived radioactive material) while extracting their energy. The development of ABRs will allow us to build an improved nuclear fuel cycle that recycles used fuel. Accordingly, the U.S. will work with participating international partners on the design, development, and demonstration of ABRs as part of the GNEP. Global Nuclear Energy Partnership Fact Sheet - Develop Advanced Burner Reactors More Documents & Publications GNEP Element:Develop Advanced Burner Reactors Global Nuclear Energy Partnership Fact Sheet - Minimize Nuclear Waste

115

A sustainable model for ICT capacity building in developing countries  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

System administrators are often asked to apply their professional expertise in unusual situations, or under tight resource constraints. What happens, though, when the "situation" is a foreign country with only basic technical infrastructure, and the ...

Rudy Gevaert

2012-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

116

Video Highlights Development of Lab Technologies to Combat Global...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Video Highlights Development of Lab Technologies to Combat Global Poverty See video Click here to view this video Date: February 5, 2013 Presenter(s): Ashok Gadgil, Shashi...

117

Defect detection effectiveness and product quality in global software development  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Global software development (GSD) has become a common practice in the software development industry. The main challenge organizations have to overcome is to minimize the effect of organizational diversity on the effectiveness of their GSD collaboration. ... Keywords: defect density, defect detection effectiveness, global software development, software quality

Tihana Galinac Grbac; Darko Huljeni?

2011-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

118

Factors influencing e-government maturity in transition economies and developing countries: a longitudinal perspective  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This study examines the influences of relevant environmental factors on E-government (E-gov) maturity in transition economies and developing countries (TEDC). Countries from Eastern Europe, Sub-Saharan Africa, Latin American and South Asia were selected ... Keywords: developing countries, e-government growth, neoclassical economic theories, transition economies

Princely Ifinedo

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

119

Prospects for the power sector in nine developing countries  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Based on information drawn primarily from official planning documents issued by national governments and/or utilities, the authors examined the outlook for the power sector in the year 2000 in nine countries: China, India, Indonesia, Thailand, the Philippines, South Korea, Taiwan, Argentina and Mexico. They found that the implicit rates of average annual growth of installed electric power capacity between 1991 and 2001 range from a low of 3.3% per year in Argentina to a high of 13.2% per year in Indonesia. In absolute terms, China and India account for the vast majority of the growth. The plans call for a shift in the generating mix towards coal in six of the countries, and continued strong reliance on coal in China and India. The use of natural gas is expected to increase substantially in a number of the countries. The historic movement away from oil continues, although some countries are maintaining dual-fuel capabilities. Plans call for considerable growth of nuclear power in South Korea and China and modest increases in India and Taiwan. The feasibility of the official plans varies among the countries. Lack of public capital is leading towards greater reliance on private sector participation in power projects in many of the countries. Environmental issues are becoming a more significant constraint than in the past, particularly in the case of large-scale hydropower projects. The financial and environmental constraints are leading to a rising interest in methods of improving the efficiency of electricity supply and end use. The scale of such activities is growing in most of the study countries.

Meyers, S.; Goldman, N.; Martin, N.; Friedmann, R.

1993-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

120

LEDS Global Partnership in Action: Advancing Climate-Resilient Low Emission Development Around the World (Fact Sheet)  

SciTech Connect

Many countries around the globe are designing and implementing low emission development strategies (LEDS). These LEDS seek to achieve social, economic, and environmental development goals while reducing long-term greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions and increasing resiliency to climate change impacts. The LEDS Global Partnership (LEDS GP) harnesses the collective knowledge and resources of more than 120 countries and international donor and technical organizations to strengthen climate-resilient low emission development efforts around the world.

Not Available

2013-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "developing countries global" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


121

CO sub 2 emissions from developing countries: Better understanding the role of Energy in the long term  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Recent years have witnessed a growing recognition of the link between emissions of carbon dioxide (CO{sub 2}) and changes in the global climate. Of all anthropogenic activities, energy production and use generate the single largest portion of these greenhouse gases. Although developing countries currently account for a small share of global carbon emissions, their contribution is increasing rapidly. Due to the rapid expansion of energy demand in these nations, the developing world's share in global modern energy use rose from 16 to 27 percent between 1970 and 1990. If the growth rates observed over the past 20 years persist energy demand in developing will surpass that in the countries of the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD) early in the 21st century. The study seeks to examine the forces that galvanize the growth of energy use and carbon emissions, to assess the likely future levels of energy and CO{sub 2} in selected developing nations and to identify opportunities for restraining this growth. The purpose of this report is to provide the quantitative information needed to develop effective policy options, not to identify the options themselves. These individual studies were conducted fro Argentina, Brazil, Mexico and Venezuela in Latin America.

Ketoff, A.; Sathaye, J.; Goldman, N. (eds.)

1991-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

122

A concerted effort towards flourishing global software development  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this paper we report on the efforts and progress made in China so far in the face of the coming era of global software development. China's young software industry clearly knows much works and preparations should be done in a concerted effort before ... Keywords: China, Shanghai, global software development

Dehua Ju

2006-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

123

The design, development, and dissemination of a small-business wheelchair to empower people with disabilities in Developing countries  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This thesis discusses the design of a small-business wheelchair that empowers disabled people in developing countries to become entrepreneurs. Disabled people in these countries face tremendous discrimination, making it ...

Scolnik, Natasha (Natasha Kathryn)

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

124

Clean Energy Investment in Developing Countries: Wind Power in Egypt | Open  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Developing Countries: Wind Power in Egypt Developing Countries: Wind Power in Egypt Jump to: navigation, search Name Clean Energy Investment in Developing Countries: Wind Power in Egypt Agency/Company /Organization International Institute for Sustainable Development (IISD) Sector Energy Focus Area Renewable Energy, Wind Topics Finance, Market analysis, Background analysis Resource Type Lessons learned/best practices Website http://www.iisd.org/pdf/2009/b Country Egypt Northern Africa References Clean Energy Investment in Developing Countries: Wind Power in Egypt[1] Clean Energy Investment in Developing Countries: Wind Power in Egypt Screenshot Summary "What elements of the domestic policy regime might be improved to help stimulate flows of private investment in clean energy infrastructure and

125

An Internet adoption framework for marketing by small business enterprises in developing countries.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??This study proposes an Internet adoption framework for marketing in small business enterprises, particularly in developing countries. The proposed framework could be incorporated as part (more)

Mokhtar, Noor Fadhiha

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

126

An Open Source Approach to Improving GIS Implementations in Developing Countries.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Geographic information system (GIS) implementations have a tendency to fail in developing countries. This thesis seeks to explore whether a web based free/open source software (more)

verland, Jan Henrik

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

127

Fuel Tax Incidence in Developing Countries: The Case of Costa Rica | Open  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Tax Incidence in Developing Countries: The Case of Costa Rica Tax Incidence in Developing Countries: The Case of Costa Rica Jump to: navigation, search Name Fuel Tax Incidence in Developing Countries: The Case of Costa Rica Agency/Company /Organization Resources for the Future Sector Energy Focus Area Conventional Energy Topics Finance, Market analysis, Background analysis Resource Type Lessons learned/best practices Website http://www.rff.org/RFF/Documen Country Costa Rica UN Region Latin America and the Caribbean References Fuel Tax Incidence in Developing Countries: The Case of Costa Rica[1] Abstract "Although fuel taxes are a practical means of curbing vehicular air pollution, congestion, and accidents in developing countries-all of which are typically major problems-they are often opposed on distributional

128

Critical factors for the expansion of broadband in developing countries: The case of Peru  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Many studies have been made on the diffusion and development of broadband, however there are few published studies on the critical factors for advancing broadband services in developing countries. Thus, the purpose of this paper is to understand and ... Keywords: Actor analysis, Broadband, Critical factors, Developing countries, Peru

Peter Yamakawa; Gloria Cadillo; RubN Tornero

2012-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

129

2010 Hydrogen and Fuel Cell Global Commercialization & Development Update  

Fuel Cell Technologies Publication and Product Library (EERE)

This report offers examples of real-world applications and technical progress of hydrogen and fuel cell technologies, including policies adopted by countries to increase technology development and com

130

International Experiences and Frameworks to Support Country-Driven Low-Emissions Development  

SciTech Connect

Countries can use low-emission development strategies (LEDS) to advance sustainable development, promote private-sector growth, and reduce greenhouse gas emissions. This paper proposes a framework -- or support infrastructure -- to enable the efficient exchange of LEDS-related knowledge and technical assistance. Under the proposed framework, countries share LEDS-related resources via coordinating forums, 'knowledge platforms,' and networks of experts and investors. The virtual 'knowledge platforms' foster learning by allowing countries to communicate with each other and share technical reports, data, and analysis tools in support of LEDS development. Investing in all elements of the framework in an integrated fashion increases the efficacy of support for country-driven LEDS.

Benioff, R.; Cochran, J.; Cox, S.

2012-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

131

The role of OPEC in promoting economic and financial cooperation among developing countries  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The phenomenon of OPEC aid has, thus, undergone a remarkable evolution in magnitude, in geographical coverage, in the number of channels of such assistance and in its role and impact. The essential feature of OPEC aid has been and continues to be that OPEC aid represents financial flows from one group of developing countries to another group of developing countries. It is, thus, a concrete manifestation of economic and financial cooperation among developing countries born of the natural solidarity which exists between OPEC Member Countries.

Abdulai, Y.S.

1985-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

132

HumanComputer Interaction and Global Development  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

International development is concerned with making life better for the least privileged people of the world. Since the 1990s, HCI has engaged increasingly with development through an interdisciplinary field known as "information and communication technologies ...

Kentaro Toyama

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

133

CO{sub 2} emissions from developing countries: Better understanding the role of energy in the long term. Volume 4, Ghana, Sierra Leone, Nigeria and the Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC) countries  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Recent years have witnessed a growing recognition of the link between emissions of carbon dioxide (CO{sub 2}) and changes in the global climate. of all anthropogenic activities, energy production and use generate the single largest portion of these greenhouse gases. Although developing countries currently account for a small share of global carbon emissions, their contribution is increasing rapidly. Due to the rapid expansion of energy demand in these nations, the developing world`s share in global modern energy use rose from 16 to 27 percent between 1970 and 1990. If the growth rates observed over the past 20 years persist, energy demand in developing nations will surpass that in the countries of the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD) early in the 21st century. The study seeks to examine the forces that galvanize the growth of energy use and carbon emissions, to assess the likely future levels of energy and CO{sub 2} in selected developing nations and to identify opportunities for restraining this growth. The purpose of this report is to provide the quantitative information needed to develop effective policy options, not to identify the options themselves. A combined study was carried out for the countries of the Gulf Cooperation Council (Bahrain, Kuwait, Oman, Qatar, Saudi Arabia and the United Arab Emirates).

Sathaye, J.; Goldman, N. [eds.

1991-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

134

A Global Portfolio Strategy for Climate Change Technology Development  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

A Global Portfolio Strategy for Climate Change Technology Development Speaker(s): Geoffrey J. Blanford Date: July 21, 2005 - 12:00pm Location: Bldg. 90 Seminar HostPoint of...

135

Advanced skills required for engineering leaders in global product development  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Observations from first hand experience on the Boeing 787 Program during development of perhaps the most important and exciting new commercial airplane in recent history has identified opportunities to enhance the global ...

Ayubi, Harry H

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

136

Identify types of development and climate impacts that are country...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

economic and market potential of technologies and initiatives Clean Energy Market Analysis Toolkit 3b.3. Prioritize development options 3c. Analytical Decision Making -...

137

Localized design-manufacture for Developing Countries : a methodology for creating culturally sustainable architecture  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Can improved technology uptake in developing countries promote cultural sustainability and enable the production of endogenous solutions for development? This thesis, which focuses on technology dissemination for the benefit ...

Peinovich, Ella

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

138

Incorporating endogenous demand dynamics into long-term capacity expansion power system models for Developing countries  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This research develops a novel approach to long-term power system capacity expansion planning for developing countries by incorporating endogenous demand dynamics resulting from social processes of technology adoption. ...

Jordan, Rhonda LeNai

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

139

Energy conservation policy in developing countries : the case for market solutions  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Interest in energy conservation, although to some degree cyclical, has been stimulated during the last twenty years by the rising cost of energy in a wide range of developing and developed countries, especially following ...

Bates, Robin W.

1991-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

140

Electricity and Development: Global Trends and Key Challenges  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Electricity and Development: Global Trends and Key Challenges Romeo Pacudan, PhD Risoe National · Prospects for electricity development · Investment requirements · Key challenges · Final remarks #12 and the transport burden in Tanzania. Source: Modi, 2004 #12;2. Energy and Human Development Access to electricity

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "developing countries global" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


141

Developing and Financing Renewable Energy Projects in Indian Country  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Presenter: Presenter: Robert Springer, National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) RES2012 CONFERENCE LAS VEGAS, NEVADA MARCH 1, 2012 Context Technically, Indian lands have enough renewable energy resource to produce:  1 billion megawatt-hours (MWh) of wind (about 148,000 homes)  7 billion MWh of solar photovoltaics (PV)  4 trillion MWh of biomass There are a number of barriers constraining this potential including: * Infrastructure and transmission; * Project development capacity; * Project financing options; * Permitting barriers; * Expertise; * Other Project Development & Finance Project Development & Project Finance Finance? "and then" Finance Or? Hey that doesn't make sense!

142

Global Nuclear Energy Partnership Technology Development Plan  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This plan describes the GNEP Technology Demonstration Program (GNEP-TDP). It has been prepared to guide the development of integrated plans and budgets for realizing the domestic portion of the GNEP vision as well as providing the basis for developing international cooperation. Beginning with the GNEP overall goals, it describes the basic technical objectives for each element of the program, summarizes the technology status and identifies the areas of greatest technical risk. On this basis a proposed technology demonstration program is described that can deliver the required information for a Secretarial decision in the summer of 2008 and support construction of facilities.

David J. Hill

2007-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

143

Overcoming Barriers to Wind Development in Appalachian Coal Country  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

This research project synthesizes existing data and communication from experts to assess barriers to wind development in Pennsylvania, Maryland, West Virginia, Virginia, and Kentucky, and makes recommendations where feasible to reduce or eliminate those barriers.

Brent Bailey; Evan Hansen

2012-10-09T23:59:59.000Z

144

Renewable Energy Development in Indian Country: A Handbook for Tribes  

SciTech Connect

This handbook is designed to be an accessible reference for those who are new to tribal energy project development or seek a refresher on key development issues as they navigate the project development process. It builds upon the wealth of feedback and experiences shared by tribal and other participants in the National Renewable Energy Laboratory's tribal energy training sessions to provide tribal leaders, tribal economic and energy enterprises, and those supporting them with a general overview of the renewable energy project development process as well as detailed guidance on the following: how to structure a renewable energy project transaction to protect tribal interests, with an emphasis on joint project development efforts undertaken with nontribal parties; key energy development agreements, including power sale agreements, transmission and interconnection agreements, and land leases; and ways tribes can finance renewable energy projects, including the sources of funding or financing that may be available, the types of investors that may be available, and federal tax incentives for renewable energy projects.

MacCourt, D. C.

2010-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

145

The economics of environmental degradation from pollution-intensive multinational enterprises in less developed countries  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The economic productivity of ecological systems constitutes imperfectly known resources for many developing countries and, as a result, national incentives for their preservation are hampered. Scarcity of capital and foreign exchange, on the other hand, creates for these countries an economic pressure to reduce environmental quality standards in return for foreign exchange from pollution-intensive multinational enterprises. For a bargaining outcome to be considered successful, the host country`s marginal cost of environmental protection should be equal to the social scarcity cost of foreign exchange for capital accumulation. However, imperfections in the international capital markets and in he information processing of private and government institutions as well as government failure may upgrade the value of foreign exchange relative to environmental protection. As a result, many developing countries may prefer to have more direct investment gains derived from an inflow of foreign exchange by allowing pollution-intensive multinationals an excessive amount of pollution, than the strategically optimal one, if these enterprises are prepared to shift operations to their country. Strategic bargaining by pollution-intensive multinationals can turn the economic pressures of developing countries into an exploitable dependence. This paper investigates the socio-economic outcome from strategic bargaining opportunities between developing countries and pollution-intensive multinationals in an effort to provide a better understanding of what is negotiable in the presence of exploitable dependencies.

Grivoyannis, E.C. [Seton Hall Univ., South Orange, NJ (United States)

1997-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

146

Opportunities for renewable energy technologies in water supply in developing country villages  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

This report provides the National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) with information on village water supply programs in developing countries. The information is intended to help NREL develop renewable energy technologies for water supply and treatment that can be implemented, operated, and maintained by villagers. The report is also useful to manufacturers and suppliers in the renewable energy community in that it describes a methodology for introducing technologies to rural villages in developing countries.

Niewoehner, J.; Larson, R.; Azrag, E.; Hailu, T.; Horner, J.; VanArsdale, P. [Water for People, Denver, CO (United States)

1997-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

147

Industrial pollution prevention programs in selected developing Asian countries  

SciTech Connect

This paper presents the information on current activities to promote industrial pollution prevention (P2) in five selected Asian economies including Hong Kong, Republic of Korea, the Philippines, ROC in Taiwan, and Thailand. These activities, generally initiated in the last 5 years, are classified into 6 categories: awareness promotion, education and training, information transfer, technology development an demonstration, technical assistance, and financial incentives. Although participation is voluntary, these programs are all important at the early stages of P2 promotion and should be useful in informing industries of the benefit of P2 and helping them identify specific P2 measures as viable environmental management alternatives.

Chiu, Shen-yann [Argonne National Lab., IL (United States)]|[East-West Center, Honolulu, HI (United States)

1995-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

148

National climate change action plans: Interim report for developing and transition countries  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Under its Support for National Action Plans (SNAP) initiative, the U.S. Country Studies Program is providing financial and technical assistance to 18 countries for the development of climate change action plans. Although most of the countries have not yet completed their plans, the important lessons learned thus far are valuable and should be shared with other countries and international institutions that have an interest in the process of action plan development. This interim report describes the experience of 11 countries that are the furthest along in their planning activity and who have offered to share their results to date with the larger community of interested nations. These action plans delineate specific mitigation and adaptation measures that the countries will implement and integrate into their ongoing development programs. This report focuses on the measures the countries have selected and the methods they used to prepare their action plans. This executive summary presents key lessons and common themes using a structure similar to that used in the individual country chapters.

Benioff, R.; Ness, E.; Hirst, J. [eds.

1997-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

149

Marketing policy for developing countries: the case for Uganda  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The need to diversify the agricultural sector and avoid dependence upon the export of a narrow range of crops has necessitated increasing participation in non-traditional crops trade. For an agro-based economy to expand and diversify beyond the traditional system, an appropriate production and marketing policy needs to be put in place, if Uganda is going to compete in the international market. The problems inherent in the produce trade and the difficulty of finding export markets for some of the crops justify the improvement of the domestic and export marketing system in order to be able to exploit any available market opportunities. If Uganda is going to compete in the international agricultural market on long-term sustainable basis, then policies that allow and encourage investment and freedom to import agricultural inputs and export agricultural products is essential. Only a modern commercial agricultural production and marketing system can expect to contribute in international trade and thereby contribute much to long-run development. Government and private leadership is required to support an open and competitive system based on laws that maintain competition and property rights and individual freedom to decide what to produce,, and what and where to market.

Bazaala, Nalumansi Mariam

1993-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

150

Design and prototyping of a retrofittable motorized module for hand powered tricycles for Developing countries  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Current wheelchair designs in developing countries create many difficulties for their users. In Kenya, wheelchair users are often unable to use public transportation, and thus are isolated and usually without work. This ...

Wang, Nathan Philip

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

151

Tenements : dwellings for the urban poor. Comparative study illustrating 28 cases in developing countries  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Tenements are significant systems that provide habitation to the poor in most of the urban areas of the developing countries. Yet, tenements are practically ignored if not prohibited by the public sector and consequently ...

Aliman, Isam Mohammad

1981-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

152

Building energy calculator : a design tool for energy analysis of residential buildings in Developing countries  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Buildings are one of the world's largest consumers of energy, yet measures to reduce energy consumption are often ignored during the building design process. In developing countries, enormous numbers of new residential ...

Smith, Jonathan Y. (Jonathan York), 1979-

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

153

Modelling energy-economy interactions in small developing countries : a case study of Sri Lanka  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This report is addressed at modelling energy-economy interactions in small developing countries, those with populations less than 20 million or so and where neither the industrial or energy sectors are dominant. The overall ...

Blitzer, Charles R.

1985-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

154

Urban settlement issues : observations from 181 surveys of urban dwelling environments in developing countries  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Observations and summaries were made on 181 surveys of urban dwelling environments in developing countries, carried out by members of the Urban Settlement Design Program (U.S.D.P.), at MIT. The focus of this study is in ...

Wang, Chih-chien, M.S. Massachusetts Institute of Technology

1982-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

155

Viable alternative for conducting cost-effective daily atmospheric soundings in developing countries  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Radiosonde-collected data are of vital importance to a wide variety of studies that aim at understanding the interaction between land-surface and the atmosphere, amongst others. However, atmospheric measurements in developing countries, some of which ...

Thomas Lafon; Jennifer Fowler; John Fredy Jimnez; Gabriel Jaime Tamayo Cordoba

156

Public Disclosure Authorized Manufacturing Firms in Developing Countries How Well Do They Do, and Why?  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Competition among manufacturers in developing countries is remarkably vigorous. Nonetheless, markets are imperfect, so the general trend toward trade liberalization has yielded benefits beyond the traditional gains from specialization.

James Tybout

1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

157

11.487 Urban Public Finance in Developing Countries, Fall 2003  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Analysis of the structure and operation of government systems in developing countries, with particular emphasis on regional and local governments. Major topics include: the role of decentralization in national economic ...

Kim, Annette M.

158

Market leadership by example: Government sector energy efficiency in developing countries  

SciTech Connect

Government facilities and services are often the largest energy users and major purchasers of energy-using equipment within a country. In developing as well as industrial countries, government ''leadership by example'' can be a powerful force to shift the market toward energy efficiency, complementing other elements of a national energy efficiency strategy. Benefits from more efficient energy management in government facilities and operations include lower government energy bills, reduced greenhouse gas emissions, less demand on electric utility systems, and in many cases reduced dependence on imported oil. Even more significantly, the government sector's buying power and example to others can generate broader demand for energy-efficient products and services, creating entry markets for domestic suppliers and stimulating competition in providing high-efficiency products and services. Despite these benefits, with the exception of a few countries government sector actions have often lagged behind other energy efficiency policies. This is especially true in developing countries and transition economies - even though energy used by public agencies in these countries may represent at least as large a share of total energy use as the public sector in industrial economies. This paper summarizes work in progress to inventory current programs and policies for government sector energy efficiency in developing countries, and describes successful case studies from Mexico's implementation of energy management in the public sector. We show how these policies in Mexico, begun at the federal level, have more recently been extended to state and local agencies, and consider the applicability of this model to other developing countries.

Van Wie McGrory, Laura; Harris, Jeffrey; Breceda, Miguel; Campbell, Stephanie; Sachu, Constantine; della Cava, Mirka; Gonzalez Martinez, Jose; Meyer, Sarah; Romo, Ana Margarita

2002-05-20T23:59:59.000Z

159

A Global Portfolio Strategy for Climate Change Technology Development  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

A Global Portfolio Strategy for Climate Change Technology Development A Global Portfolio Strategy for Climate Change Technology Development Speaker(s): Geoffrey J. Blanford Date: July 21, 2005 - 12:00pm Location: Bldg. 90 Seminar Host/Point of Contact: Afzal Siddiqui John Stoops In this study we propose a novel formulation of a decision problem in R&D strategy. The problem is motivated by and applied to the context of technologies relevant to global climate change, but is characterized in general by an aggregate R&D decision-maker with a social welfare objective, technology diffusion markets subject to externalities in which private costs are minimized, and uncertainty in both technological and environmental factors. A technology strategy is defined as the allocation of R&D investment across several broad research programs, and the

160

The drivers of foreign direct investment in telecommunications among developing countries : the role of government  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

During the late 1980s, globalization of the world's economies and technological development created the conditions for the expansion of Foreign Direct Investment (FDI) in telecommunications. This tendency has been further ...

Cruz Alemn, Guillermo Alberto

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "developing countries global" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


161

Carbon emissions and sequestration in forests: Case studies from seven developing countries  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

As part of the effort to understand the sources of carbon dioxide and other major greenhouse gases, the Tropical Forestry and Global Climate Change Research Network (F-7) was established. The countries taking part in the F-7 Network -- Brazil, China, India, Indonesia, Malaysia, Mexico, Nigeria and Thailand -- possess large tracts of tropical forests and together experience the bulk of large scale tropical deforestation. Integreation of work of indigenous researchers and institutions from the participating countries should allow for the gathering of on-site information into the more general and universally available base of knowledge. The information contained in this report represents the results of the first phase of the F-7 project, which had the explicit aim of providing quantitative data on forestry-related carbon emissions from India and China.

Makundi, W.; Sathaye, J. (eds.) (Lawrence Berkeley Lab., CA (United States)); Ravindranath, N.H.; Somashekhar, B.S.; Gadgil, M. (Indian Inst. of Science, Bangalore, (India). Center for Ecological Sciences and ASTRA); Deying, Xu (Chinese Academy of Forestry, Beijing, (China). Research Inst. of Forestry)

1992-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

162

Cost and other barriers to public access computing in developing countries  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Public access to computers and the Internet can play an important role in social and economic development if it effectively helps to meet the needs of underserved populations. Public access venues such as libraries, telecentres and cybercafs ... Keywords: ICT4D, affordability, cybercafs, developing countries, digital literacy, fees, libraries, local content, public access, telecentres

Melody Clark; Ricardo Gomez

2011-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

163

Market definition study of photovoltaic power for remote villages in developing countries  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The objective of this market definition study is to assess the market potential for the use of photovoltaic power systems for remote villages in developing countries. The approach used was to conduct an in-depth literature search followed by in-country surveys of selected developing countries in Africa, the Middle East, Southeast Asia, and Latin America. The purpose of these surveys was to determine the current energy situation in these countries, the level of rural electrification activity, their knowledge and interest in solar and specifically photovoltaics, their financial resource capability, and the probability of development of a market for photovoltaics based on these and other factors. Findings are presented. The conclusion reached by the survey is that there is a significant market potential for photovoltaics in village power applications in developing countries. Extrapolation of the number of unelectrified villages results in an estimated potential of as much as 20,000 MWp, a potential similar in magnitude to previous UN and World Bank estimates. Recommendations for market stimulation are presented. (WHK)

Ragsdale, C.; Quashie, P.

1980-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

164

Global Nutrient Export from WaterSheds 2 (NEWS 2): Model development and implementation  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Global NEWS is a global, spatially explicit, multi-element and multi-form model of nutrient exports by rivers. Here we present NEWS 2, the new version of Global NEWS developed as part of a Millennium Ecosystem Assessment scenario implementation from ... Keywords: Basin models, Coastal inputs, Global NEWS, Global river exports, Millennium ecosystem assessment scenarios, Nutrients

Emilio Mayorga; Sybil P. Seitzinger; John A. Harrison; Egon Dumont; Arthur H. W. Beusen; A. F. Bouwman; Balazs M. Fekete; Carolien Kroeze; Gerard Van Drecht

2010-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

165

Using environmental risk assessment to evaluate chemical waste disposal in developing countries  

SciTech Connect

Rapid industrialization of countries in the Pacific Basin has been accompanied by dramatic increases in the manufacture, formulation, use, and disposal of hazardous materials and residuals. Countries, particularly those with more developed industrial economies, have implemented waste management strategies in various ways and to varying degrees. Although existing strategies provide useful guidance for developing and newly industrialized countries, each country must consider various factors as it independently develops approaches adapted to its particular circumstances. For example, individual strategies must take into account the types and quantities of wastes being generated or those projected to be generated as a result of anticipated economic development; the ability to access trained staff and capital for effective use of available technologies; the environmental and demographic setting of the alternative sites of the associated facilities; the perceptions as to what risks are acceptable relative to other possibly more traditional health and safety risks; and the institutions available for implementing the waste management strategy. This paper discusses how the principles of risk assessment and comparison can be a constructive force in thinking through these complex decisions and describes how a risk-based analysis contributed to the development of a hazardous waste management strategy in Thailand. 6 refs.

Habegger, L.; Fingleton, D. (Argonne National Lab., IL (USA)); Liengcharernsit, W.; Hastings, P. (Thailand Development Research Inst., Bangkok (Thailand))

1989-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

166

Assessment of official development assistance from the OPEC capital-exporting countries (1974-1979)  

SciTech Connect

The purpose of the study was to assess whether the benefits derived from Official Development Assistance (ODA) from the Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC) exceed the extra costs of imported oil paid by the Oil-Importing Developing Countries (OIDCs) since the fall of 1973. For purposes of analysis, the OIDCs were divided into four regions of Africa, Asia, the Middle East and Latin America. The additional oil expenditures that these four regions had to pay to OPEC were calculated. This was folowed by a derivation of estimates for the total grants disbursed by OPEC to the four regions. The results were then compared to the additional costs for imported oil previously derived. It was found that the additional costs for imported oil exceeded the benefits derived from the ODA of the OPEC capital-exporting countries for the Middle East, Asia and Latin America. In the case of Africa, however, the benefits more than equaled the costs. In conclusion, it was recommended that the area of joint ventures could provide excellent opportunities for the OPEC capital-exporting countries and the OIDCs to explore. However, before joint ventures between the OPEC capital-exporting countries and the OIDSs become an attractive option for channeling OPEC surpluses, there need to be intensive research in making such a co-operation feasible in the future.

Al-Riyami, S.A.

1982-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

167

Some observations on the flow of financial resources to developing countries  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper highlights some of the conceptual and methodological problems involved in the compilation of statistics on economic aid to developing countries. Figures from the OECD Development Assistance Committee (DAC) and the Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC) member states are compared to point up problems in the interpretation of the statistics. One area of concern is the listing of funds provided by financial institutions located in the DAC countries. OPEC capital often forms a majority of such institutions; yet the figures do not measure the OPEC share of the capital nor its share of the risk borne in its provision of the loans. Another area of concern is bond purchases and subscriptions to syndicated loans by OPEC financial institutions in the financial markets of DAC countries. The flows in these instances, originating from OPEC sources, are merely channeled through the DAC financial markets. Based on origin and risk (borne exclusively by OPEC sources) these flows should validly be included as OPEC flows, the author says. Also of major concern are the loan and bond purchases made by financial institutions in the DAC countries from the proceeds of OPEC deposits. Although the risk is borne by the financial institutions, OPEC surplus funds are the original source. The original source should be correctly identified, the author feels, rather than be included in the figures on DAC nonconcessional flows. (SAC)

Khouja, M.W.

1980-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

168

Analyzing the oil refining industry in developing countries: A comparative study of China and India  

SciTech Connect

The oil refining industry is a critical link in the energy chain in many developing and industrialized countries, transforming crude oil into transport fuels (gasoline, jet fuel, and diesel), residual fuel oil (widely used as a fuel in industry and the electric power sector), and other products such as kerosine, frequently for lighting an cooking usages. Three to four decades ago, the demand for oil products in most developing countries was centered to a few large cities; thus, few refineries were built in these regions. But because of the astonishing economic growth in many developing nations, demand for oil products has increased rapidly. As a result, the refining industry has expanded rapidly in such countries, even in cases were there is no domestic crude oil production. Oil product demand and refinery expansion in Asian developing countries in particular have experienced significant growth. Between 1976 and 1993, oil product demand and refinery capacity in that region (excluding Japan) increased annually an average of 5.2 percent and 4.3 percent, respectively, whereas the comparable figures for the world as a whole remained virtually unchanged during the same period. The substantial gains in Asia`s crude oil production in the 1970s is believed to have facilitated this refinery expansion.

Tang, F.C.

1994-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

169

The development trends of science in the CIS countries on the basis of some scientometric indicators  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The article attempts to assess the results of the independent development of the CIS countries in the field of science over the period 1990---2009. The analysis of the numerous scientometric indicators reveals the decrease of the number of expert researchers ... Keywords: Bibliometric analysis, CIS, Citation index, Patents, R&D, Science

Renat Karamourzov

2012-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

170

Energy Policy 36 (2008) 15381544 Promoting biofuels: Implications for developing countries  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Energy Policy 36 (2008) 1538­1544 Promoting biofuels: Implications for developing countries Jo¨ rg 2008 Abstract Interest in biofuels is growing worldwide as concerns about the security of energy supply, however, production costs of biofuels are typically much higher than those of fossil fuels. As a result

171

Income distribution and the allocation of public agricultural investment in developing countries  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Income distribution and the allocation of public agricultural investment in developing countries responsible for the views expressed and for any limitiations #12;1 Introduction We compare the distributional average distribution costs, encouraging the growth of a distributional network. The creation of an export

Kammen, Daniel M.

172

CO{sub 2} emissions from developing countries: Better understanding the role of Energy in the long term. Volume 2, Argentina, Brazil, Mexico, and Venezuela  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Recent years have witnessed a growing recognition of the link between emissions of carbon dioxide (CO{sub 2}) and changes in the global climate. Of all anthropogenic activities, energy production and use generate the single largest portion of these greenhouse gases. Although developing countries currently account for a small share of global carbon emissions, their contribution is increasing rapidly. Due to the rapid expansion of energy demand in these nations, the developing world`s share in global modern energy use rose from 16 to 27 percent between 1970 and 1990. If the growth rates observed over the past 20 years persist energy demand in developing will surpass that in the countries of the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD) early in the 21st century. The study seeks to examine the forces that galvanize the growth of energy use and carbon emissions, to assess the likely future levels of energy and CO{sub 2} in selected developing nations and to identify opportunities for restraining this growth. The purpose of this report is to provide the quantitative information needed to develop effective policy options, not to identify the options themselves. These individual studies were conducted fro Argentina, Brazil, Mexico and Venezuela in Latin America.

Ketoff, A.; Sathaye, J.; Goldman, N. [eds.

1991-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

173

Trends in electricity demand and supply in the developing countries, 1980--1990  

SciTech Connect

This report provides an overview of trends concerning electricity demand and supply in the developing countries in the 1980--1990 period, with special focus on 13 major countries for which we have assembled consistent data series. We describe the linkage between electricity demand and economic growth, the changing sectoral composition of electricity consumption, and changes in the mix of energy sources for electricity generation. We also cover trends in the efficiency of utility electricity supply with respect to power plant efficiency and own-use and delivery losses, and consider the trends in carbon dioxide emissions from electricity supply.

Meyers, S.; Campbell, C.

1992-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

174

Creating ladders out of chains : China's technological development in a world of global production  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

With the advent of economic globalization, the terms of debate over the political and social conditions necessary to foster development in the Global South have shifted. Examining technological development, one important ...

Fuller, Douglas Brian

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

175

Carotenoids & Retinoids; Molecular Aspects and Health IssuesChapter 17 Vitamin A in Health and Disease in Developing Countries  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Carotenoids & Retinoids; Molecular Aspects and Health Issues Chapter 17 Vitamin A in Health and Disease in Developing Countries Health Nutrition Biochemistry eChapters Health - Nutrition - Biochemistry Press ...

176

Intermittent Solar Ammonia Absorption Cycle (ISAAC) refrigeration for lesser developed countries  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The Intermittent Solar Ammonia Absorption Cycle (ISAAC) refrigerator is a solar thermal technology which provides low cost, efficient, reliable ice-making to areas without ready access to electricity. An ISAAC refrigeration system consists of a compound parabolic solar collector, two pressure vessels, a condenser, a cold box or refrigerated space, and simple connective piping -- no moving parts or electrical components. Most parts are simple construction or plumbing grade materials, locally available in many remote areas. This technology has numerous potential benefits in lesser developed countries both by providing a cheap, reliable source of ice, and, since manufacture requires only semi-skilled labor, a source of employment to the local economy. Applications include vaccine storage for health care clinics; fish, meat, and dairy product storage; and personal consumption. Importantly, this technology increases the quality of life for people in lesser developed countries without depleting fossil fuel resources or increasing the release of greenhouse gases such as CO{sub 2} and chlorofluorocarbons.

Erickson, D.C.

1990-02-06T23:59:59.000Z

177

Producer gas power plants can cut the oil bills of the developing countries  

SciTech Connect

As a power-generation fuel substitute in developing countries, producer gas from coal, biomass, or waste could reduce oil-import bills while assuring a steady fuel supply. An international working group formed at the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences is assisting developing countries in setting up simple producer-gas plants consisting of a downdraft gasifier, cyclone, filter, and cooler. Sweden gained expertise in this technology during World War II and now manufactures much of the equipment needed for producer-gas facilities. Depending on oil price, a dual-fuel power plant (15% diesel oil, 85% producer gas) could compete economically with a diesel-only plant, assuming extra labor requirements of 20 min/hr of operation for the gas-fired facility.

Not Available

1982-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

178

Core Indicators for Determinants and Performance of Electricity Sector in Developing Countries  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

, investment, are measured in some form of monetary unit. Availability and quality of such data can be low in many developing countries, and the sectoral restructuring that results in the dissolution of old entities and appearance of new ones makes much... of the program. For this reason, comparability of the indicator measured over time is an important criterion; an indicator should be consistent in definition, measurement method and data assembly. A similar argument applies to cross-sectoral comparisons...

Jamasb, Tooraj; Newbery, David; Pollitt, Michael G.

2004-07-08T23:59:59.000Z

179

Concentrated solar thermal (cst) system for fuelwood replacement and for household water sanitation in developing countries.  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Concentrated Solar Thermal (CST) is a proven renewable energy technology that harnesses solar irradiation in its most primitive form. This technology with roots in ancient history is growing at a fast pace in recent times. Developing countries could use CST to solve fundamental human-needs challenges, such as for the substitution of fuelwood and the treatment of water for household use. This paper proposes a conceptual design for a standardized modular CST for these applications in developing countries. A modular-designed parabolic CST with an aperture area of 7.5 m2 is adequate to provide enough solar thermal energy to replace the fuelwood need (5 tons/yr) or to pasteurize the minimum daily water requirement (2500 liters) for a household. Critical parameters of the CST are discussed and an affordable solid thermal storage is recommended to be used as a backup when sunlight is unavailable. A funding program that includes in-country resources and external funding will be needed to sustain the development and wide spread adaptation of this technology.

Akinjiola, O. P.; Balachandran, U. (Energy Systems); (Rsage Research, LLC)

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

180

International Clean Energy Analysis Gateway: Assisting Developing Countries with Clean Energy Deployment (Fact Sheet)  

SciTech Connect

The International Clean Energy Analysis Gateway seeks to enhance developing country access to energy efficiency and renewable energy analysis tools, databases, methods, and other technical resources in a dynamic user interaction environment. In addition to providing information on available tools, the gateway also is a platform for Web seminars, online training, peer networks, and expert assistance. The gateway is sponsored by the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) and the United Nations Industrial Development Organization (UNIDO) and managed by the National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL). Further cooperation is desired with organizations that can help expand the information presented in the portal and assist with outreach and training.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "developing countries global" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


181

Improving energy efficiency: Strategies for supporting sustained market evolution in developing and transitioning countries  

SciTech Connect

This report presents a framework for considering market-oriented strategies for improving energy efficiency that recognize the conditions of developing and transitioning countries, and the need to strengthen the effectiveness of market forces in delivering greater energy efficiency. It discusses policies that build markets in general, such as economic and energy pricing reforms that encourage competition and increase incentives for market actors to improve the efficiency of their energy use, and measures that reduce the barriers to energy efficiency in specific markets such that improvement evolves in a dynamic, lasting manner. The report emphasizes how different policies and measures support one another and can create a synergy in which the whole is greater than the sum of the parts. In addressing this topic, it draws on the experience with market transformation energy efficiency programs in the US and other industrialized countries.

Meyers, S.

1998-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

182

Tale of two studies: challenges in field research with low-literacy adult learners in a developed country  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Efforts to address the problems of literacy are often focused on developing countries. However, functional illiteracy is a challenge encountered by up to 50% of adults in developed countries. In this paper we reflect on the challenges we faced in trying ... Keywords: assistive technology, educational interfaces, evaluation methodology, interface design, mobile computing, mobile learning, user studies

Cosmin Munteanu; Heather Molyneaux; Julie Maitland; Daniel McDonald; Rock Leung; Joanna Lumsden; Hlne Fournier

2012-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

183

Emergency Medicine in Guyana: Lessons from Developing the Countrys First Degree-conferring Residency Program  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

emergency medicine training program at the University ofterm emergency medicine training programs in low and middle-medicine residency training program. Residency development

Forget, Nicolas Pierre; Rohde, John Paul; Rambaran, Navindranauth; Rambaran, Madan; Wright, Seth Warren

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

184

World Bank eAtlas of Global Development | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

World Bank eAtlas of Global Development World Bank eAtlas of Global Development Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary Name: World Bank eAtlas of Global Development Agency/Company /Organization: World Bank Topics: Co-benefits assessment, - Macroeconomic, - Energy Access, - Energy Security, - Environmental and Biodiversity, - Health Resource Type: Dataset Website: www.app.collinsindicate.com/worldbankatlas-global/en World Bank eAtlas of Global Development Screenshot References: World Bank eAtlas of Global Development[1] "This eAtlas, a new online companion to Atlas of Global Development, third edition, builds on the Atlas topics, allowing you to visualize and analyze a wider variety of data in greater depth, over a longer time period. You can: Map more than 175 World Bank indicators worldwide

185

Energy efficient electric lighting for buildings in developed and developing countries.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??As energy is a fundamental service for human development and economic growth, the demand for it is constantly on the rise worldwide. Lighting energy use (more)

Bhusal, Pramod

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

186

Framework for energy policy and technology assessment in developing countries: a case study of Peru  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The potential of various energy sources and technology options in meeting national economic and social development goals in developing countries is assessed. The resource options that are of interest are the development of indigenous resources. In general, two categories of options can be considered: those which correspond to the accelerated implementation of existing elements of the energy system and those which correspond to the introduction of a new technology, such as solar electricity. The various resource and technology options that must be analyzed with respect to a number of criteria or payoff functions are: total demand and fuel mix; reduction of oil consumption; national social goals; total energy costs; and environmental quality. First, a view is constructed of the energy implications of current national economic development plans. A consistent description of the future energy system of the country, under the assumption of current trends and policies is constructed for certain reference years in the future. The values of the payoff functions selected are then calculated for that reference case. The major resource and technology options are identified and the rates at which they can be implemented are determined. Finally, the impact on the various payoff functions of the implementation of each option is calculated. The basic element of the framework is the Reference Energy System, discussed in Secton 3. The energy policy analysis for Peru is used as a reference case. 11 references, 10 figures, 2 tables.

Mubayi, V.; Palmedo, P.F.; Doernberg, A.B.

1979-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

187

A comprehensive approach to the formulation of capital projects in developing countries : finance and implementation. Case study, Edendale, Kwazulu (housing)  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This Thesis deals with capital project formulation in developing countries. The objective is to provide guidelines for the formulation of housing development projects, their implementation structures and financial plans ...

Davis, Trevor Paul

1983-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

188

Carbon emissions and sequestration in forests: Case studies from seven developing countries  

SciTech Connect

Deforestation in Brazilian Amazonia in 1990 was releasing approximately 281--282 X 10{sup 6} metric tons (MT) of carbon on conversion to a landscape of agriculture, productive pasture, degraded pasture, secondary forest and regenerated forest in the proportions corresponding to the equilibrium condition implied by current land-use patterns. Emissions are expressed as committed carbon,'' or the carbon released over a period of years as the carbon stock in each hectare deforested approaches a new equilibrium in the landscape that replaces the original forest. To the extent that deforestation rates have remained constant, current releases from the areas deforested in previous years will be equal to the future releases from the areas being cleared now. Considering the quantities of carbon dioxide, carbon monoxide, methane, nitrous oxide, NO{sub x} and non-methane hydrocarbons released raises the impact by 22--37%. The relative impact on the greenhouse effect of each gas is based on the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) calculations over a 20-year time period (including indirect effects). The six gases considered have a combined global warming impact equivalent to 343 to 386 million MT of C0{sub 2}-equivalent carbon, depending on assumptions regarding the release of methane and other gases from the various sources such as burning and termites. These emissions represent 7--8 times the 50 million MT annual carbon release from Brazil's use of fossil fuels, but bring little benefit to the country. Stopping deforestation in Brazil would prevent as much greenhouse emission as tripling the fuel efficiency of all the automobiles in the world. The relatively cheap measures needed to contain deforestation, together with the many complementary benefits of doing so, make this the first priority for funds intended to slow global warming.

Makundi, W.; Sathaye, J. (eds.) (Lawrence Berkeley Lab., CA (United States)); Fearnside, P.M. (Instituto Nacional de Pesquisas da Amazonia (INPA), Manaus, AM (Brazil). Departmento de Ecologia)

1992-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

189

The use of industrial energy in seven OECD (Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development) countries  

SciTech Connect

The objective of this study was to analyze the industrial demand for energy in seven Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD) countries with particular emphasis on fuel substitution between oil, natural gas, coal, and electricity. Changing fuel demand also results from economic growth, changes in industrial structure, and changes in the energy intensity of industrial output. A historical analysis of these factors and fuel substitution is undertaken for industry as an aggregate, and for 12 specific industries. The major results of the historical analysis are: (1) fuel use changes are a result of fuel switching, changing energy intensity, changing industrial structure, and economic growth; (2) fuel substitutability depends upon fuel use. The three fossil fuels are substitutes in the industrial heat market, but there are numerous special industrial processes where a particular fuel is required; (3) large substitutions have occurred between fuels; (4) fuel substitutions have been very different across countries, both in the type of substitutions that have occurred and the factors accounting for the substitutions; and (5) in most countries, major changes in fuel use can be explained by two or three industries, suggesting that future analyses be industry specific.

Sutherland, R.J.

1987-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

190

Human Resource Constraints for Electricity Regulation in Developing Countries: Has Anything Changed?  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

. and Bajaj, J.L. (2007), Regulation in Practice Impact of Tariff Orders on the Indian Electricity Sector, New Delhi: TERI Press. Mota, R. (2004), Comparing Brazil and USA Electricity Performance: What was the Impact of Privatisation?CMI Electricity... www.eprg.group.cam.ac.uk E P R G W O R K IN G P A P E R Abstract HUMAN RESOURCE CONSTRAINTS FOR ELECTRICITY REGULATION IN DEVELOPING COUNTRIES: HAS ANYTHING CHANGED? EPRG Working Paper EPRG 0910 Cambridge Working Paper in Economics...

Pollitt, Michael G.; Stern, Jon

191

Global Climate Change, Developing Countries and Transport Sector Options in South Africa  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

2,4% per annum. Private car usage continues in line withtransport and private car usage; and the use of more energydependence Increasing private car usage is widely expected

2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

192

Passive and low energy research and development: a global view  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Passive and low energy applications in buildings have become a topic of worldwide interest within the last few years. It has now been demonstrated very clearly that indoor comfort can be maintained with an expenditure of only 10 to 20% of the energy often required by modern buildings. This is accomplished through a combination of conservation measures to minimize the load, passive use of solar energy for heating, natural cooling, and daylighting. The major research emphasis has been on devising mathematical models to characterize heat flow within buildings, on the validation of these models by comparison with test results, and on the subsequent use of the models to investigate the influence of both design parameters and weather on system performance. Design guidelines have been developed, and simplified methods of analysis have been promulgated. Performance has been monitored in test modules, test buildings, and many residential and commercial buildings. The results both confirm good performance and establish the accuracy of model predictions. A significant change in the research picture has been seen in the last 4 years; whereas the major effort was originally in the United States, research is now being conducted in many countries throughout the world as many people have realized that passive and low energy methods are appropriate in virtually every climate and are well suited to economic, convenient, and reliable building construction and operation.

Balcomb, J.D.

1984-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

193

EPharmacyNet: an approach to improve the pharmaceutical care delivery in developing countries-study case-BENIN  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

One of the problems in health care in developing countries is the bad accessibility of medicine in pharmacies for patients. Since this is mainly due to a lack of organization and information, it should be possible to improve the situation by introducing ... Keywords: african countries, benin, ecommerce, medicine ordering, pharmacy, public health systems

Thierry Oscar Edoh; Gunnar Teege

2010-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

194

Global software development: Exploring socialization and face-to-face meetings in distributed strategic projects  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Socialization is one means through which globally distributed teams (GDTs) can improve collaboration. However, harnessing socializing processes to support globally distributed collaboration is not easy. In particular, infrequent and limited face-to-face ... Keywords: Face-to-face meetings, Globally distributed teams, Socialization, Strategic software development projects

Ilan Oshri; Julia Kotlarsky; Leslie P. Willcocks

2007-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

195

Renewable energy and its potential for carbon emissions reductions in developing countries: Methodology for technology evaluation. Case study application to Mexico  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Many projects have been proposed to promote and demonstrate renewable energy technologies (RETs) in developing countries on the basis of their potential to reduce carbon emissions. However, no uniform methodology has been developed for evaluating RETs in terms of their future carbon emissions reduction potential. This study outlines a methodology for identifying RETs that have the potential for achieving large carbon emissions reductions in the future, while also meeting key criteria for commercialization and acceptability in developing countries. In addition, this study evaluates the connection between technology identification and the selection of projects that are designed to demonstrate technologies with a propensity for carbon emission reductions (e.g., Global Environmental Facility projects). Although this report applies the methodology to Mexico in a case study format, the methodology is broad based and could be applied to any developing country, as well as to other technologies. The methodology used in this report is composed of four steps: technology screening, technology identification, technology deployment scenarios, and estimates of carbon emissions reductions. The four technologies with the highest ranking in the technology identification process for the on-grid category were geothermal, biomass cogeneration, wind, and micro-/mini-hydro. Compressed natural gas (CNG) was the alternative that received the highest ranking for the transportation category.

Corbus, D.; Martinez, M.; Rodriguez, L.; Mark, J.

1994-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

196

International Experiences and Frameworks to Support Country-Driven Low-Emissions Development  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

International Experiences and International Experiences and Frameworks to Support Country-Driven Low-Emissions Development Ron Benioff, Jaquelin Cochran, and Sadie Cox National Renewable Energy Laboratory Prepared by the Coordinated Low Emissions Assistance Network (CLEAN) and presented at the Low-Emissions Development Policy Implementation Forum at the World Bank (Washington DC, July 13, 2011) Conference Paper NREL/CP-6A20-52860 August 2012 NOTICE The submitted manuscript has been offered by an employee of the Alliance for Sustainable Energy, LLC (Alliance), a contractor of the US Government under Contract No. DE-AC36-08GO28308. Accordingly, the US Government and Alliance retain a nonexclusive royalty-free license to publish or reproduce the published form of this contribution, or allow others to do so, for US Government purposes.

197

Waste collection in developing countries - Tackling occupational safety and health hazards at their source  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Waste management procedures in developing countries are associated with occupational safety and health risks. Gastro-intestinal infections, respiratory and skin diseases as well as muscular-skeletal problems and cutting injuries are commonly found among waste workers around the globe. In order to find efficient, sustainable solutions to reduce occupational risks of waste workers, a methodological risk assessment has to be performed and counteractive measures have to be developed according to an internationally acknowledged hierarchy. From a case study in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia suggestions for the transferral of collected household waste into roadside containers are given. With construction of ramps to dump collected household waste straight into roadside containers and an adaptation of pushcarts and collection procedures, the risk is tackled at the source.

Bleck, Daniela, E-mail: bleck.daniela@baua.bund.de [Federal Institute for Occupational Safety and Health, Germany (BAuA), Friedrich Henkel Weg 1-25, 44149 Dortmund (Germany); Wettberg, Wieland, E-mail: wettberg.wieland@baua.bund.de [Federal Institute for Occupational Safety and Health, Germany (BAuA), Friedrich Henkel Weg 1-25, 44149 Dortmund (Germany)

2012-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

198

An overview of water disinfection in developing countries and the potential for solar thermal water pasteurization  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

This study originated within the Solar Buildings Program at the U.S. Department of Energy. Its goal is to assess the potential for solar thermal water disinfection in developing countries. In order to assess solar thermal potential, the alternatives must be clearly understood and compared. The objectives of the study are to: (a) characterize the developing world disinfection needs and market; (b) identify competing technologies, both traditional and emerging; (c) analyze and characterize solar thermal pasteurization; (d) compare technologies on cost-effectiveness and appropriateness; and (e) identify research opportunities. Natural consequences of the study beyond these objectives include a broad knowledge of water disinfection problems and technologies, introduction of solar thermal pasteurization technologies to a broad audience, and general identification of disinfection opportunities for renewable technologies.

Burch, J.; Thomas, K.E.

1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

199

The Midlatitude Development of Regional Errors in a Global GCM  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The growth of geographically confined errors is studied in six experiments with a five-level global spectral (rhomboidal 30) general circulation model. Each experiment consists of 36 identical twin integrations with the initial errors localized ...

David M. Straus

1993-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

200

Tensions in Global Power and Fuel Sector Development  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The world has been through its steepest ever commodity cycle in the past year. The current study attempts to make sense of the dramatic swings in the energy markets by closely examining market fundamentals and identifying the critical considerations and constraints that explain their progression. The study builds on a foundation of EPRI studies conducted in 2007-2008 on global generation decisions and global natural gas and coal markets. It offers timely reassessments of natural gas and coal, adds a disc...

2009-03-30T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "developing countries global" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


201

Developing a knowledge-based perspective on coordination: The case of global software projects  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We have attempted to bring together two areas which are challenging for both IS research and practice: forms of coordination and management of knowledge in the context of global, virtual software development projects. We developed a more comprehensive, ... Keywords: Coordination, Coordination mechanisms, Global software projects, Knowledge flows, Knowledge management, Software development

Julia Kotlarsky; Paul C. van Fenema; Leslie P. Willcocks

2008-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

202

The social relations of e-government diffusion in developing countries: the case of Rwanda  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Rwanda has undergone a rapid turnaround from one of the most technologically deficient countries only a decade ago to a country where legislative business is conducted online and wireless access to the Internet is available anywhere in the country. This ... Keywords: Rwanda, e-government diffusion, norms, social theory, sub-Saharan Africa

Wagaki Mwangi

2006-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

203

Telecommunication technologies development in countries of the former Yugoslavia : history, needs and policy options for the future  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In the first part of this thesis I give an overview of the political-economic and telecommunications sector developments in major western economies, as well as some of the advanced Eastern European countries. I use this ...

Sulejmanpaši‡ , Adnan, 1976-

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

204

Nuclear power programs in developing countries of the world: Southeast Asia  

SciTech Connect

This article reviews the present and future status of the nuclear industry in the developing nations of China, North Korea, Thailand, Indonesia, and the Philippines. Each of the countries has a booming export-driven economy, which is turn requires considerable new generating capacity. The nuclear option is being considered as a provider of much of this additional capacity. China is committed to an extensive nuclear power program, and Indonesia has an ambitious plan to have seven to twelve reactors in service by the year 2015. North Korea will receive two LWRs to replace its current non-power nuclear units. The nuclear option is still under discussion in the Philippines and in Thailand.

1995-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

205

A summary of the status of biomass conversion technologies and opportunities for their use in developing countries  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Biomass plays a significant role in energy use in developing countries: however, these resources are often used very inefficiently. Recent technology developments have made possible improved conversion efficiencies for utility scale technologies. These developments may be of interest in the wake of recent policy changes occurring in several developing countries, with respect to independent power production. Efforts are also being directed at developing biomass conversion technologies that can interface and/or compete with internal combustion engines for small, isolated loads. This paper reviews the technological status of biomass conversion technologies appropriate for commercial, industrial, and small utility applications in developing countries. Market opportunities, constraints, and technology developments are also discussed. 25 refs., 1 fig., 1 tab.

Waddle, D.B.; Perlack, R.D. (Oak Ridge National Lab., TN (USA)); Wimberly, J. (Winrock International, Arlington, VA (USA))

1990-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

206

Instructional design and assessment strategies for teaching global software development: a framework  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In the context of increasing pressure to adopt global approaches to software development, the importance of teaching skills for geographically distributed software development (GSD) becomes essential. This paper reports the experience of teaching a course ...

Daniela Damian; Allyson Hadwin; Ban Al-Ani

2006-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

207

Carbon emissions and sequestration in forests: Case studies from seven developing countries. Volume 3, India and China  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

As part of the effort to understand the sources of carbon dioxide and other major greenhouse gases, the Tropical Forestry and Global Climate Change Research Network (F-7) was established. The countries taking part in the F-7 Network -- Brazil, China, India, Indonesia, Malaysia, Mexico, Nigeria and Thailand -- possess large tracts of tropical forests and together experience the bulk of large scale tropical deforestation. Integreation of work of indigenous researchers and institutions from the participating countries should allow for the gathering of on-site information into the more general and universally available base of knowledge. The information contained in this report represents the results of the first phase of the F-7 project, which had the explicit aim of providing quantitative data on forestry-related carbon emissions from India and China.

Makundi, W.; Sathaye, J. [eds.] [Lawrence Berkeley Lab., CA (United States); Ravindranath, N.H.; Somashekhar, B.S.; Gadgil, M. [Indian Inst. of Science, Bangalore, (India). Center for Ecological Sciences and ASTRA; Deying, Xu [Chinese Academy of Forestry, Beijing, (China). Research Inst. of Forestry

1992-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

208

Assessing alignment of an e-government project in the context of a developing country: a Heideggerian perspective  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

E-Government has increasingly become an alternative for enabling public governance at various. The situation is especially poignant in developing countries where there are increasing calls to improve governance for improved national development. This ... Keywords: Kenya, actor-network, drifting, e-government, hospitality, technocracy

Nixon Muganda

2009-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

209

Municipal solid waste management challenges in developing countries - Kenyan case study  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper provides an overview of the state of municipal solid waste management (MSWM) by local authorities in Kenya as a case study of a low-income developing country. Approaches of possible solutions that can be undertaken to improve municipal solid waste (MSW) services are discussed. Poor economic growth (1.1% in 1993) has resulted in an increase in the poverty level which presently stands at 56%. Migration from the rural areas to the urban areas has resulted in unplanned settlements in suburban areas accommodating about 60% of the urban population on only 5% urban land area. Political interference also hampers smooth running of local authorities. Vulnerability of pollution of surface and groundwater is high because local authorities rarely considered environmental impact in siting MSW disposal sites. Illegal dumping of MSW on the river banks or on the roadside poses environmental and economic threats on nearby properties. Poor servicing of MSW collection vehicles, poor state of infrastructure and the lack of adequate funding militate against optimization of MSW disposal service. The rural economy needs to be improved if rural-urban migration is to be managed. Involvement of stakeholders is important to achieve any meaningful and sustainable MSWM. The role of the informal sector through community-based organizations (CBOs), Non-Governmental Organizations (NGOs) and the private sector in offering solutions towards improvement of MSWM also is explored.

Henry, Rotich K. [College of Environment and Resources, Jilin University, Changchun 130026 (China); Zhao Yongsheng [College of Environment and Resources, Jilin University, Changchun 130026 (China)]. E-mail: zhaoyongsheng@jlu.edu.cn; Dong Jun [College of Environment and Resources, Jilin University, Changchun 130026 (China)

2006-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

210

Electricity pricing as a demand-side management strategy: Western lessons for developing countries  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Electric utilities in the Western world have increasingly realized that load commitments can be met not only by constructing new generating plants but also by influencing electricity demand. This demand-side management (DSM) process requires that electric utilities promote measures on the customer's side of the meter to directly or indirectly influence electricity consumption to meet desired load objectives. An important demand-side option to achieve these load objectives is innovative electricity pricing, both by itself and as a financial incentive for other demand-site measures. This study explores electricity pricing as a DSM strategy, addressing four questions in the process: What is the Western experience with DSM in general and electricity pricing in particular Do innovative pricing strategies alter the amount and pattern of electricity consumption Do the benefits of these pricing strategies outweigh the costs of implementation What are future directions in electricity pricing Although DSM can be used to promote increases in electricity consumption for electric utilities with excess capacity as well as to slow demand growth for capacity-short utilities, emphasis here is placed on the latter. The discussion should be especially useful for electric utilities in developing countries that are exploring alternatives to capacity expansion to meet current and future electric power demand.

Hill, L.J.

1990-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

211

THE WORLD BANK ? URBAN AND LOCAL GOVERNMENT URBAN WASTE MANAGEMENTCOMPOSTING AND ITS APPLICABILITY IN DEVELOPING COUNTRIES  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Urban and Local Government Working Papers are published to communicate the results of the Banks work to the development community with the least possible delay. The typescript of this paper therefore has not been prepared in accordance with the procedures appropriate to formal printed texts, and the World Bank accepts no responsibility for errors. Some sources cited in this paper may be informal documents that are not readily available. The findings, interpretations, and conclusions expressed in this paper are entirely those of the author(s) and should not be attributed in any manner to the World Bank, to its affiliated organizations, or to members of its Board of Executive Directors or the countries they represent. The World Bank does not guarantee the accuracy of the data included in this publication and accepts no responsibility for any consequence of their use. The boundaries, colors, denominations, and other information shown on any map in this volume do not imply on the part of the World Bank Group any judgment on the legal status of any territory or the endorsement or acceptance of such boundaries.

Daniel Hoornweg; Laura Thomas; Lambert Otten

2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

212

Drivers of New Generation Development--A Global Review  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Diverse factors underlie global decisions for new generation. This study examines those factors, focusing principally on the largest electricity and fuels markets Western Europe, China, India and the United States which make-up two-thirds to three-fourths of total energy consumption. Attention is also given to the wealthier Asian nations of Japan, South Korea, and Taiwan, as well as Brazil. At the highest level, the path of generation to 2020 will be led by natural gas and coal in roughly equal proportio...

2008-03-14T23:59:59.000Z

213

THE DEVELOPMENT OF A 1990 GLOBAL INVENTORY FOR SO(X) AND NO(X) ON A 1(DEGREE) X 1(DEGREE) LATITUDE-LONGITUDE GRID.  

SciTech Connect

Sulfur and nitrogen oxides emitted to the atmosphere have been linked to the acidification of water bodies and soils and perturbations in the earth's radiation balance. In order to model the global transport and transformation of SO{sub x} and NO{sub x}, detailed spatial and temporal emission inventories are required. Benkovitz et al. (1996) published the development of an inventory of 1985 global emissions of SO{sub x} and NO{sub x} from anthropogenic sources. The inventory was gridded to a 1{degree} x 1{degree} latitude-longitude grid and has served as input to several global modeling studies. There is now a need to provide modelers with an update of this inventory to a more recent year, with a split of the emissions into elevated and low level sources. This paper describes the development of a 1990 update of the SO{sub x} and NO{sub x} global inventories that also includes a breakdown of sources into 17 sector groups. The inventory development starts with a gridded global default EDGAR inventory (Olivier et al, 1996). In countries where more detailed national inventories are available, these are used to replace the emissions for those countries in the global default. The gridded emissions are distributed into two height levels (0-100m and >100m) based on the final plume heights that are estimated to be typical for the various sectors considered. The sources of data as well as some of the methodologies employed to compile and develop the 1990 global inventory for SO{sub x} and NO{sub x} are discussed. The results reported should be considered to be interim since the work is still in progress and additional data sets are expected to become available.

VAN HEYST,B.J.

1999-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

214

Environmental Protection for Developing Countries: The Polluter-Does-Not-Pay Principle  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Countries: The Polluter-Does-Not-Pay Principle Abstract Thewe describe as the polluter-does- not-pay regime on theto study the polluter-does-not-pay principle, identifying

Luppi, Barbara; Parisi, Francesco; Rajagopalan, Shruti

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

215

11.701 Introduction to Planning and Institutional Processes in Developing Countries, Fall 2005  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This introductory course is structured to cultivate the key sensibilities necessary for effective planning practice in newly industrializing countries. The word "sensibility" refers to an awareness of key developmental ...

Sanyal, Bishwapriya

216

A framework for developing, manufacturing, and sourcing trucks & equipment in a global fluid management industry  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Selecting and executing the optimal strategy for developing new products is a non trivial task, especially for low volume, high complexity products in a highly volatile global industry such as Fluid Management. At Fluid ...

Awwad, Ghassan Samir

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

217

Global Nuclear Energy Partnership Fact Sheet - Develop Enhanced...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

GNEP will help prevent misuse of civilian nuclear facilities for nonpeaceful purposes by developing enhanced safeguards programs and technologies. International nuclear safeguards...

218

Which developing countries have done the most to close the digital divide?  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Often, an answer to the question posed in the title is provided for either mobile phones or the Internet but not both at once. In this paper by contrast I require that successful countries do well on both forms of technology, over the period from 2000 ... Keywords: Internet, Mobile phones, New technology

Jeffrey James

2012-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

219

Thematic Priority 1.6. Sustainable Development, Global Change and  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

, in particular the optimisation of engines, the development of new components and auxiliary systems topics for Call 1B Future generation of clean and economical engines for cars Objective: Through monitoring, control and prediction of failure or deterioration for engines, optimisation of the total

Milano-Bicocca, Università

220

Development Testing of the Global Climate Model CESM/CAM | Argonne  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Development Testing of the Global Climate Model CESM/CAM Development Testing of the Global Climate Model CESM/CAM Event Sponsor: Argonne Leadership Computing Facility Seminar Start Date: Dec 16 2013 - 10:30am Building/Room: Building 240/Room 4301 Location: Argonne National Laboratory Speaker(s): Chris A. Fischer Speaker(s) Title: National Center for Atmospheric Research The Community Earth System Model (CESM) and Community Atmosphere Model (CAM) are community models involving several different developers. With so many different developers it becomes imperative to carry out continuous testing during development. I'll provide a brief introduction to CESM and CAM then cover the testing that is being carried out on both. The Community Earth System Model (CESM) is a global climate model used to predict past, present and future climates. CESM is a fully couple model,

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "developing countries global" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


221

Global Security  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Global Security Global Security LANL's mission is to develop and apply science and technology to ensure the safety, security, and effectiveness of the U.S. nuclear deterrent;...

222

International R&D Collaboration Develops Innovative Solutions to Global  

National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

R&D Collaboration Develops Innovative Solutions to Global R&D Collaboration Develops Innovative Solutions to Global Challenges | National Nuclear Security Administration Our Mission Managing the Stockpile Preventing Proliferation Powering the Nuclear Navy Emergency Response Recapitalizing Our Infrastructure Continuing Management Reform Countering Nuclear Terrorism About Us Our Programs Our History Who We Are Our Leadership Our Locations Budget Our Operations Media Room Congressional Testimony Fact Sheets Newsletters Press Releases Speeches Events Social Media Video Gallery Photo Gallery NNSA Archive Federal Employment Apply for Our Jobs Our Jobs Working at NNSA Blog Home > NNSA Blog > International R&D Collaboration Develops Innovative Solutions to ... International R&D Collaboration Develops Innovative Solutions to Global

223

U.S and Russia Develop Action Plan to Enhance Global and Bilateral Nuclear  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

S and Russia Develop Action Plan to Enhance Global and Bilateral S and Russia Develop Action Plan to Enhance Global and Bilateral Nuclear Energy Cooperation U.S and Russia Develop Action Plan to Enhance Global and Bilateral Nuclear Energy Cooperation December 19, 2006 - 9:46am Addthis WASHINGTON, DC - U.S. Secretary of Energy Samuel W. Bodman and Russian Federal Atomic Energy Agency (Rosatom) Director Sergey V. Kiriyenko last week submitted to U.S. President George W. Bush and Russian President Vladimir Putin a joint work plan that will provide a framework for further bilateral cooperation in the development of nuclear energy technology and deployment. The plan was completed and signed by both parties the week of December 11, 2006, as part of an agreement that stemmed from the G8 Summit in St. Petersburg, Russia, in July of this year.

224

An investigation of the role of digital libraries in bridging the digital divide in developing Arab countries: the case of Yarmouk University, Jordan.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Developing countries are often said to suffer the disadvantages created by a digital divide the gap between the digitally advantaged and the digitally disadvantaged. (more)

Obeidat, Othman

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

225

Future Air Conditioning Energy Consumption in Developing Countries and what can be done about it: The Potential of Efficiency in the Residential Sector  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Survey on Electricity Consumption Characteristics of Homethe stakes for energy consumption are high, as we hope atAir Conditioning Energy Consumption in Developing Countries

McNeil, Michael A.; Letschert, Virginie E.

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

226

Consumer Perception of Biofuels in Countries with Different Levels of Market Development a Case Study of Gainesville, Florida (U.S.) and Warsaw, Poland.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??This research analyzes consumer perception of biofuels in the United States and Poland, countries with different levels of market development in biofuels. An e-mail survey (more)

Szczupska, Malgorzata Agnieszka Ms

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

227

Abstract-Most fast developing countries have set targets to achieve a developed status in the near future.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

be quite different. In effect, energy policy has a different meaning to Latin American countries than discussion has risen in how to comply with such a goal and how should energy policy drive the needed actions the case of Chile. Index Terms--energy policy, low carbon economy, renewable energy, electricity regulation

Catholic University of Chile (Universidad Católica de Chile)

228

Toward Global Drought Early Warning Capability: Expanding International Cooperation for the Development of a Framework for Monitoring and Forecasting  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Drought is a global problem that has far-reaching impacts, especially on vulnerable populations in developing regions. This paper highlights the need for a Global Drought Early Warning System (GDEWS), the elements that constitute its underlying framework (...

Will Pozzi; Justin Sheffield; Robert Stefanski; Douglas Cripe; Roger Pulwarty; Jrgen V. Vogt; Richard R. Heim Jr.; Michael J. Brewer; Mark Svoboda; Rogier Westerhoff; Albert I. J. M. van Dijk; Benjamin Lloyd-Hughes; Florian Pappenberger; Micha Werner; Emanuel Dutra; Fredrik Wetterhall; Wolfgang Wagner; Siegfried Schubert; Kingtse Mo; Margaret Nicholson; Lynette Bettio; Liliana Nunez; Rens van Beek; Marc Bierkens; Luis Gustavo Goncalves de Goncalves; Joo Gerd Zell de Mattos; Richard Lawford

2013-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

229

UNEP-Global Network on Energy for Sustainable Development (GNESD) | Open  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

on Energy for Sustainable Development (GNESD) on Energy for Sustainable Development (GNESD) Jump to: navigation, search Name UNEP-Global Network on Energy for Sustainable Development (GNESD) Agency/Company /Organization United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) Sector Energy Focus Area Renewable Energy, Economic Development, Energy Efficiency Topics Implementation, Low emission development planning Website http://www.gnesd.org/ References GNESD[1] "The Global Network on Energy for Sustainable Development (GNESD) is a UNEP facilitated knowledge network of Member Centres and Associates and network partners worldwide, renowned for their work on energy, development, and environment issues. The main objective of GNESD is to work for reaching the Millennium Development Goals (MDG) by: Strengthening the Members Centres' ability to acquire, assimilate,

230

Potential of biomass conversion in meeting the energy needs of the rural populations of developing countries: an overview  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

A preliminary assessment is presented of the contribution that biomass conversion could make in the context of the rural areas of six developing countries: India, Indonesia, Peru, Sudan, Tanzania, and Thailand. The technologies selected for analysis are: anaerobic digestion of wet biomass to produce methane and pyrolysis of dry biomass to produce charcoal, liquid fuels, and low-Btu gases. Preliminary estimates are made of the amounts of fuels that could be produced in each of the selected countries by a combination of these technologies. It was found that, with the exception of India, implementation of these technologies could potentially meet the future energy needs of their rural populations for both subsistence and development. (MHR)

Mubayi, V.; Lee, J.; Chatterjee, R.

1979-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

231

U.S.A.I.D. Higher Education Summit for Global Development | Department of  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

A.I.D. Higher Education Summit for Global Development A.I.D. Higher Education Summit for Global Development U.S.A.I.D. Higher Education Summit for Global Development April 30, 2008 - 11:30am Addthis Remarks as Prepared For Delivery by Secretary Bodman Thank you Henrietta, for that introduction. It is a pleasure to be here to talk about education, a subject that is near and dear to my heart. And I was pleased to see Dr. Bement here. When it comes to science and science education, we are faced with a remarkable paradox. On the one hand, the world is more dependent than ever before on science and technological innovation to provide the solutions to the challenges ahead, especially in the energy arena. At the same time, it seems as though support for basic physical science research and the interest young people are taking in math and science seem

232

NETL: Global Environmental Benefits  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Global Environmental Benefits Global Environmental Benefits Gasification Systems Global Environmental Benefits Environmental performance for future energy production systems is a much greater factor as emission standards tighten in the United States and worldwide. The outstanding environmental performance of gasification systems makes it an excellent technology for the clean production of electricity and other products. In addition, the reduction of CO2 emissions is one of the major challenges facing industry in response to global climate change. Other countries with coal reserves might potentially import technologies developed in the United States to enable low-cost gasification with carbon capture and EOR or sequestration. Not only will this benefit the U.S. gasification technology industry, but it will also result in a global environmental benefit through more affordable control of greenhouse gases (GHGs). See the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) link below for a summary of the impact of fossil fuels without carbon capture on CO2 emissions, on the GHG contributions of different countries, and of the projected impact of developing countries to 2030:

233

The EUs CAP, the Doha Round and Developing Countries  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Policy and Food Security, Ministry of Foreign Affairs, Paris Economist, InternationalAffairs, (DEFRA), London Director, Development Strategy and Governance Division, International Food Policy

Halderman, Michael; Nelson, Michael

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

234

Draft Paper Prepared for "Energy Access II" Working Group Global Network on Energy for Sustainable Development  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

a heavy burden on a bill with relatively low energy (kWh) usage. For comparison one should note1 Draft Paper Prepared for "Energy Access II" Working Group Global Network on Energy for Sustainable Development Electric Energy Access in Jordan, Lebanon and Syria Sami Karaki* , Farid Chaaban

235

Draft Conference Paper Prepared for "Renewable Energy" Working Group Global Network on Energy for Sustainable Development  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Draft Conference Paper Prepared for "Renewable Energy" Working Group Global Network on Energy for Sustainable Development A Sub-Regional Outlook of Renewable Energy Potential: The Case of Jordan, Syria@aub.edu.lb Abstract This paper addresses the current status and the potentials of renewable energy applications

236

Making the Market Right for Environmentally Sound Energy-Efficient Technologies: U.S. Buildings Sector Successes that Might Work in Developing Countries and Eastern Europe  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Washington, D.C. , 1988. 43 World Bank, Energy Development1990s, World Bank, Industry and Energy Department, Energyand Energy Department, Review of Electricity Tariffs in Developing Countries During the 1980s, World Bank,

Gadgil, A.J.

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

237

Ocean Wave Energy-Driven Desalination Systems for Off-grid Coastal Communities in Developing Countries  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Resolute Marine Energy, Inc. (RME) is based in Boston, MA and is developing ocean wave energy converters (WECs) to benefit remote off-grid communities in developing nations. Our two WEC technologies are based on the heaving and surging motion of a buoy ... Keywords: ocean wave energy, renewable energy, desalination, water, coastal communities

Eshwan Ramudu

2011-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

238

Capital flows to Latin American countries: effects of foreign direct investment and remittances on growth and development  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The significant restructuring of international capital flows to developing countries in particular to Latin American countries observed in the last quarter century has generated significant research in the area to examine its potential impact on development efforts. The resurgence of foreign direct investment (FDI) and the increasing significance of remittances, both as shares of gross domestic product (GDP), have made these types of capital flows the most analyzed. Despite the large fraction of empirical studies that find a positive and significant relationship between FDI and economic growth, an important fact that has been so far overlooked in the literature is its impact on standards of living in host countries. This dissertation first establishes the strong complementary connection between FDI and economic growth in Latin America, measured by increases in GDP per capita growth rates, to then examine additional channels through which it could affect the welfare of the region. I first show that FDI has a positive effect on central government tax revenues, which is mainly channeled through its effect on taxes on goods and services. I then show that FDI has a positive and significant effect on the employment rates in these host countries, with female employment rate getting the largest impact relative to males. Remittances are another capital flow that plays a large and important role in certain economies, exceeding 10% of GDP in some countries. The impact of remittances on the main macroeconomic measures of a small open economy is analyzed in the last section using a stochastic limited participation model with cash in advance constraints and costly adjustment of cash holdings. After verifying that the model responds adequately to standard shocks, a remittances shock is introduced to examine the dynamic response of the representative economy. The results show that a positive remittances shock forces the exchange rate to depreciate and lowers both output and consumption in the period of the shock. The positive shock lowers utility during the shock but raises it from the following period onwards, improving discounted utility after 10 years when remittances are 10% of GDP and there are no adjustment costs.

Vacaflores Rivero, Diego Eduardo

2007-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

239

Mainstreaming Building Energy Efficiency Codes in Developing...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Building Energy Efficiency Codes in Developing Countries: Global Experiences and Lessons from Early Adopters Jump to: navigation, search Name Mainstreaming Building Energy...

240

The effects on developing countries of the Kyoto Protocol and CO? emissions trading  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This paper examines the effect of the Kyoto Protocol on developing economies using marginal abatement curves generated by MIT's Emissions Prediction and Policy Assessment model (EPPA). In particular, the paper addresses ...

Ellerman, A. Denny.; Jacoby, Henry D.; Decaux, Annelne.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "developing countries global" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


241

Assessing the Performance of 5mm White LED Light Sources for Developing-Country Applications  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Stewart Craine collected the LED samples in Shenzen, China4. Variation in efficacy of LEDs tested. Figure 5. Figure 6.Performance of 5mm White LED Light Sources for Developing-

Mills, Evan

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

242

Oak Ridge partners: Global security and fuel development | Y-12 National  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Oak Ridge partners: Global ... Oak Ridge partners: Global ... Oak Ridge partners: Global security and fuel development Posted: July 18, 2012 - 10:00am | Y-12 Report | Volume 9, Issue 1 | 2012 Additive manufacturing builds metal parts, layer by layer, such as this titanium piece ORNL fabricated for Y-12. Y-12 is evaluating the technology for tooling and manufacturing applications. In 2011 the two DOE facilities shared 178 projects worth $12.5 million. In the 1940s Bear Creek and Bethel valleys cradled newly constructed facilities filled with people on a common mission that ended World War II. Today, the Y-12 National Security Complex and Oak Ridge National Laboratory thrive in those transformed valleys and collaborate daily. In 2011 they shared 178 projects worth $12.5 million. "With just a few miles separating our nationally renowned institutions,

243

Dynamics and Spatial Distribution of Global Nighttime Lights  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Using open source data, we observe the fascinating dynamics of nighttime light. Following a global economic regime shift, the planetary center of light can be seen moving eastwards at a pace of about 60 km per year. Introducing spatial light Gini coefficients, we find a universal pattern of human settlements across different countries and see a global centralization of light. Observing 160 different countries we document the expansion of developing countries, the growth of new agglomerations, the regression in countries suffering from demographic decline and the success of light pollution abatement programs in western countries.

Pestalozzi, Nicola; Sornette, Didier

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

244

Conventional Energy (Oil, Gas, and Coal) Forum & Associated Vertical Business Development Best Practices in Indian Country  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

CONVENTIONAL ENERGY (OIL, GAS & COAL) FORUM & CONVENTIONAL ENERGY (OIL, GAS & COAL) FORUM & ASSOCIATED VERTICAL BUSINESS DEVELOPMENT BEST PRACTICES IN INDIAN COUNTRY March 1, 2012 MANDALAY BAY RESORT AND CASINO NORTH CONVENTION CENTER 3950 Las Vegas Blvd. South, Las Vegas, NV 89119 The dynamic world of conventional energy (focusing on oil, gas and coal energy) is a critical piece of the American energy portfolio. This strategic energy forum will focus on recent trends, existing successful partnerships, and perspectives on the future of conventional energy and how tribal business interests are evolving to meet the interests and needs of new tribal energy economies. The third of a series of planned DOE Office of Indian Energy-sponsored strategic energy development & investment forums, this forum will provide an opportunity for Tribal leaders, federal

245

Global product development in semiconductor industry : Intel -- Tick-Tock product development cadence  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This thesis investigates on changes in semiconductor industry's product development methodology by following Intel's product development from year 2000. Intel was challenged by customer's preference change, competitors new ...

Park, Cheolmin, S.M. Massachusetts Institute of Technology

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

246

Global residential appliance standards  

SciTech Connect

In most countries, residential electricity consumption typically ranges from 20% to 40% of total electricity consumption. This energy is used for heating, cooling, refrigeration and other end-uses. Significant energy savings are possible if new appliance purchases are for models with higher efficiency than that of existing models. There are several ways to ensure or encourage such an outcome, for example, appliance rebates, innovative procurement, and minimum efficiency standards. This paper focuses on the latter approach. At the present time, the US is the only country with comprehensive appliance energy efficiency standards. However, many other countries, such as Australia, Canada, the European Community (EC), Japan and Korea, are considering enacting standards. The greatest potential impact of minimum efficiency standards for appliances is in the developing countries (e.g., China and India), where saturations of household appliances are relatively low but growing rapidly. This paper discusses the potential savings that could be achieved from global appliance efficiency standards for refrigerators and freezers. It also could be achieved from global appliance efficiency standards for refrigerators and freezers. It also discusses the impediments to establishing common standards for certain appliance types, such as differing test procedures, characteristics, and fuel prices. A methodology for establishing global efficiency standards for refrigerators and freezers is described.

Turiel, I.; McMahon, J.E. [Lawrence Berkeley Lab., CA (US); Lebot, B. [Agence Francaise pour la Maitrise de l`Energie, Valbonne (FR)

1993-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

247

Feasibility of Wholesale Electricity Competition in a Developing Country: Insights from Simulating a Market in Maharashtra State, India  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

a Deregulated California Electricity Industry. Journal ofin the Global Electricity Supply Industry. Annual Reviewthe Indian Electricity Supply Industry. Preliminary Draft

Phadke, Amol

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

248

GET FiT Plus: De-risking clean energy business models in a developing country context  

SciTech Connect

GET Fit was first conceived in January 2010 when the United Nations Secretary General's Advisory Group on Energy and Climate Change (AGECC) invited Deutsche Bank Climate Change Advisors (DBCCA) to present new concepts to drive renewable energy investment in developing regions. DBCCA responded with the Global Energy Transfer Feed-in Tariffs Program (GET FiT), a proposal to support both renewable energy scale up and energy access through the creation of new international public-private partnerships. The concept was inspired by the theory that feed-in tariffs could serve as an effective policy structure for both public and private investment and knowledge transfer from the developed world. The original GET FiT concept was designed with input from over 160 individuals from the renewable energy, financial and international development communities. The original GET FiT report was issued in April 2010. This report reflects continued engagement of stakeholders around the world. GET FiT plus is an effort to capture the key outcomes of the GET FiT consultation process and use them to catalyze ongoing dialogue and debate about the future of international support for renewable energy in developing regions. These outcomes have been translated into key research priorities. These priorities, as well as some short issue briefs are part of this report.

NONE

2011-04-15T23:59:59.000Z

249

Transportation in Developing Countries  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

years of subsidies) ­ Ethanol Brazil (3 times over 50% - WW2, 1980s, 2008); ­ 10% CNG New Zealand 1990-4% till 2007, now 15% in 2012 ­ Early experiments prepared market, strategic timing of sales tax reduction, urban mobility, infrastructure. · Oslo: car share ­Move About · Note recent sales of Renault Twizzy, low

Delucchi, Mark

250

Corruption in Developing Countries  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Recent years have seen a remarkable expansion in economists' ability to measure corruption. This in turn has led to a new generation of well-identified, microeconomic studies. We review the evidence on corruption in ...

Olken, Benjamin A.

251

The use of a hybrid fuzzy-Delphi-AHP approach to develop global business intelligence for information service firms  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Due to globalization and saturated domestic markets, information service firms, upon growing to a certain size, gradually focus their business efforts on reaching global markets. In order to reduce business risk in developing international markets, using ... Keywords: Alliance, Business intelligence (BI), Fuzzy analytic hierarchy process (FAHP), Fuzzy modified Delphi method, Information services industry, Modified Delphi approach

Ming-Kuen Chen; Shih-Ching Wang

2010-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

252

REDD Country Activity Database | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

REDD Country Activity Database REDD Country Activity Database Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary Name: REDD Country Activity Database Agency/Company /Organization: Global Canopy Programme, Forum on Readiness for REDD Sector: Land Focus Area: Forestry Topics: Background analysis Resource Type: Dataset, Case studies/examples User Interface: Website Website: www.theredddesk.org/countries Country: Brazil, Cameroon, Vietnam, Guyana, Tanzania, Indonesia Cost: Free UN Region: Southern Africa, South America, South-Eastern Asia REDD Country Activity Database Screenshot References: REDD Country Activity Database[1] Logo: REDD Country Activity Database The REDD Countries Database is a centralised and collaborative database of the diverse and rapidly evolving range of ongoing REDD activities in

253

Low Wind Speed Technology Phase II: Development of an Operations and Maintenance Cost Model for LWST; Global Energy Concepts  

SciTech Connect

This fact sheet describes a subcontract with Global Energy Concepts to evaluate real-world data on O&M costs and to develop a working model to describe these costs for low wind speed sites.

Not Available

2006-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

254

Welcome * Chris Vein, Chief Innovation Officer for Global ICT Development, World Bank  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

29 29 th 8:30-9:30 Welcome * Chris Vein, Chief Innovation Officer for Global ICT Development, World Bank * Secretary Vilsack, U.S. Department of Agriculture * Bill Gates, Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation * Rachel Kyte, Vice President for Sustainable Development, World Bank * Todd Park, Chief Technology Officer, White House 9:30-10:15 Lightning Presentations * Kevin Gandhi, Digital Green Videos * Dr. Philip Parker, INSEAD Chair Professor * Paul Parker, Columbia University * Sean Obetz, ICON Group International * Soonho Kim, IFPRI CGIAR * Shaifali Puri, Scientists Without Borders 10:15-10:45 Networking Break-Out * Dan Cotton, eXtension 10:45-11:30 Lightening Presentations * Dr. Howard Shapiro, Mars Inc. * Vladimir Eskin, AfDB * Dr. Christopher Justice, GEO-GLAM

255

Industrialization under the WTO : the impact of asymmetric free trade agreements on middle-technology developing countries  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This dissertation addresses the issue of industrialization in the WTO regime, focusing on the role of asymmetric free trade agreements. It proposes a framework where free trade agreements offer payoffs that countries have ...

DiCaprio, Alisa

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

256

Improvement of kiln design and combustion/carbonization timing to produce charcoal from agricultural waste in Developing countries  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Current economic conditions in third world countries like Haiti are so poor that the majority of the population has no access to energy sources that people in the first world take for granted. In Haiti the last two percent ...

Martinez, Jason A. (Jason Alexander)

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

257

Development of international supply chain strategies to support global sourcing and manufacturing  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Globalization in sourcing and manufacturing is expected to offer several different kinds of benefits. Globalized companies can produce products at cheaper costs by accessing cheaper resources and they can be close to the ...

Do, Wondong

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

258

Tools used in Global Software Engineering: A systematic mapping review  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Context: This systematic mapping review is set in a Global Software Engineering (GSE) context, characterized by a highly distributed environment in which project team members work separately in different countries. This geographic separation creates ... Keywords: Distributed Software Engineering, Global Software Development, Systematic Mapping Study, Tool

Javier Portillo-Rodrguez; Aurora Vizcano; Mario Piattini; Sarah Beecham

2012-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

259

Development of the first nonhydrostatic nested-grid grid-point global atmospheric modeling system on parallel machines  

SciTech Connect

This is the final report of a three-year, Laboratory Directed Research and Development (LDRD) project at the Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL). Evaluating the importance of global and regional climate response to increasing atmospheric concentrations of greenhouse gases requires a comprehensive global atmospheric modeling system (GAMS) capable of simulations over a wide range of atmospheric circulations, from complex terrain to continental scales, on high-performance computers. Unfortunately, all of the existing global circulation models (GCMs) do not meet this requirements, because they suffer from one or more of the following three shortcomings: (1) use of the hydrostatic approximation, which makes the models potentially ill-posed; (2) lack of a nested-grid (or multi-grid) capability, which makes it difficult to consistently evaluate the regional climate response to the global warming, and (3) spherical spectral (opposed to grid-point finite-difference) representation of model variables, which hinders model performance for parallel machine applications. The end product of the research is a highly modularized, multi-gridded, self-calibratable (for further parameterization development) global modeling system with state-of-the-science physics and chemistry. This system will be suitable for a suite of atmospheric problems: from local circulations to climate, from thunderstorms to global cloud radiative forcing, from urban pollution to global greenhouse trace gases, and from the guiding of field experiments to coupling with ocean models. It will also provide a unique testbed for high-performance computing architecture.

Kao, C.Y.J.; Langley, D.L.; Reisner, J.M.; Smith, W.S.

1998-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

260

Instrumentation for medical diagnosis and research with radionuclides in the developing countries. Progress report, 1 June 1975--28 February 1977  

SciTech Connect

This project seeks to bring about a more effective use of nuclear instrumentation in medical applications of radionuclides in developing countries by facilitating selection of the more appropriate applications, by stimulating the design of instruments capable of performing these applications satisfactorily under the conditions prevailing, and by encouraging improved maintenance. A research contract has been established with a group at Harvard Medical School which constitutes a pilot cost-effectiveness analysis of nuclear medicine applications in the context of a developing country; the results are expected to be available in a few months. Data on commercially available well-scintillation-counter systems, probably the single most vital instrument in a simple laboratory, have been collected and classified, and a prototype of a simple new instrument is being constructed in the Agency's laboratory. The potential and suitability of these numerous instruments will be appraised. The current capabilities and requirements for maintenance of nuclear instruments in developing countries have been reviewed by a group of consultants. A program to survey the maintenance situation in developing countries on a regional basis has been initiated.

Dudlely, R.A.

1977-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "developing countries global" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


261

Senergy Global Pvt Ltd SGPL | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Senergy Global Pvt Ltd SGPL Senergy Global Pvt Ltd SGPL Jump to: navigation, search Name Senergy Global Pvt Ltd. (SGPL) Place New Delhi, India Zip 110024 Sector Services Product Senergy Global provides CDM services to national and international project developers for projects within India and in other developing countries. References Senergy Global Pvt Ltd. (SGPL)[1] LinkedIn Connections CrunchBase Profile No CrunchBase profile. Create one now! This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by expanding it. Senergy Global Pvt Ltd. (SGPL) is a company located in New Delhi, India . References ↑ "[ Senergy Global Pvt Ltd. (SGPL)]" Retrieved from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=Senergy_Global_Pvt_Ltd_SGPL&oldid=350752" Categories: Clean Energy Organizations

262

Sustainable sanitary landfills for neglected small cities in developing countries: The semi-mechanized trench method from Villanueva, Honduras  

SciTech Connect

Highlights: Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Open dumping is the most common form of waste disposal in neglected small cities. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Semi-mechanized landfills can be a sustainable option for small cities. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer We present the theory of design and operation of semi-mechanized landfills. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Villanueva, Honduras has operated its semi-mechanized landfill for 15 years. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer The cost of operation is US$4.60/ton with a land requirement of 0.2m{sup 2}/person-year. - Abstract: Open dumping is the most common practice for the disposal of urban solid wastes in the least developed regions of Africa, Asia and Latin America. Sanitary landfill design and operation has traditionally focused on large cities, but cities with fewer than 50,000 in population can comprise from 6% to 45% of a given country's total population. These thousands of small cities cannot afford to operate a sanitary landfill in the way it is proposed for large cities, where heavy equipment is used to spread and compact the waste in daily cells, and then to excavate, transport and apply daily cover, and leachate is managed with collection and treatment systems. This paper presents an alternative approach for small cities, known as the semi-mechanized trench method, which was developed in Villanueva, Honduras. In the semi-mechanized trench method a hydraulic excavator is used for 1-3 days to dig a trench that will last at least a month before it is filled with waste. Trucks can easily unload their wastes into the trench, and the wastes compact naturally due to semi-aerobic biodegradation, after which the trenches are refilled and covered. The exposed surface area is minimal since only the top surface of the wastes is exposed, the remainder being covered by the sides and bottom of the trench. The surplus material from trench excavation can be valorized for use as engineering fill onsite or off. The landfill in Villanueva has operated for 15 years, using a total land area of approximately 11 ha for a population that grew from 23,000 to 48,000, with a land requirement of 0.2 m{sup 2}/person year, a cover to waste ratio of 0.2, and an estimated soil surplus of 298,000 m{sup 3} that is valorized and used onsite. The landfill has been operated solely by the municipality with an operational cost in 2010 estimated at US$4.60 per ton. A modified water balance analysis at Villanueva shows negligible leachate generation from covered trenches and 700 m{sup 3}/yr (60 m{sup 3}/ha yr) from the two open trenches required for daily operation. If the site were an open dump, however, leachate generation is estimated to be 3900 m{sup 3}/ha yr and contaminated runoff 5000 m{sup 3}/ha yr. A simple model used to estimate dilution of generated leachate based on groundwater flow data and aquifer stratigraphy suggests that the leachate will be diluted by a factor of 0.01 in the aquifer. Leachate contaminants will not accumulate because the aquifer discharges to the Ulua River 2 km south of the landfill. While not suitable for all sites, the Villanueva method nevertheless serves as an excellent example of how a small city landfill with natural compaction of waste and attenuation of leachate can be sustainably operated.

Oakley, Stewart M., E-mail: soakley@csuchico.edu [Department of Civil Engineering, Chico State University, California State University, Chico, CA 95929 (United States); Jimenez, Ramon, E-mail: rjimenez1958@yahoo.com [Public Works, Municipality of Villanueva, Cortes (Honduras)

2012-12-15T23:59:59.000Z

263

Derisking Renewable Energy Investment. A Framework to Support Policymakers in Selecting Public Instruments to Promote Renewable Energy Investment in Developing Countries  

SciTech Connect

This report introduces an innovative framework to assist policymakers to quantitatively compare the impact of different public instruments to promote renewable energy. The report identifies the need to reduce the high financing costs for renewable energy in developing countries as an important task for policymakers acting today. The framework is structured in four stages: (i) risk environment, (ii) public instruments, (iii) levelised cost and (iv) evaluation. To illustrate how the framework can support decision-making in practice, the report presents findings from illustrative case studies in four developing countries. It then draws on these results to discuss possible directions for enhancing public interventions to scale-up renewable energy investment. UNDP is also releasing a financial tool for policymakers to accompany the framework. The financial tool is available for download on the UNDP website.

Waissbein, Oliver; Glemarec, Yannick; Bayraktar, Hande; Schmidt, Tobias S.

2013-03-15T23:59:59.000Z

264

State of the Art of the Development and Application of Anti-Seismic Systems in Europe and Other Countries  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

There are already approximately 5,000 structures in the world, located in over 30 countries, that have been protected by seismic isolation (SI), energy dissipation (ED) and other modern seismic vibration passive control (SVPC) systems. The number of such applications is increasing everywhere more and more. It has been confirmed that, in each country, the extension of the use of the SVPC systems is conclusively influenced by earthquake experience, the availability of specific design rules and the features of those adopted. With regard to application, Japan has consolidated its worldwide leadership, with over 3,000 seismically isolated buildings, many others protected by ED systems and several isolated bridges and viaducts. Second is now the P. R. China, with 610 isolated buildings and 45 with dampers, in addition to numerous isolated bridges and viaducts. The Russian Federation is third for the number of isolated buildings, which are approximately 600. In the USA, due to the very penalizing design code in force for SI of buildings, there are at present only a few new applications of this kind (an overall number of approximately 200 was reported), although the US isolated buildings are mostly quite important, half being retrofits; on the contrary, the use of SI for bridges and viaducts and that of ED for buildings are more popular in the USA. At present (April 2008), Italy (which remains the worldwide leader as regards the application of the SVPC systems to cultural heritage and keeps a key role also as to the number and importance of bridges and viaducts protected by such systems) is at the fifth place, at least for the number of isolated buildings already open to activity: they are 51, besides others protected by other SVPC systems. There, thanks to the new national seismic code (enforced in May 2003), there has been a significant recent increase of building application and design of the SVPC systems. With regard to the use of such systems in other countries, Italy is now followed by Taiwan, France (including its Martinique island), New Zealand and Armenia. In addition, significant applications also concern: Canada in North America; Mexico in Central America; Chile and Venezuela in South America; Turkey, South Korea and Indonesia in Asia; and Greece, Cyprus, Portugal and Macedonia in Europe. More recently, the installation of the aforesaid systems also began in further countries, such as Argentina, Israel, India and Iran. Devices manufactured in Italy have been frequently used even abroad. Finally, to be stressed are the somewhat increasing use of SI in nuclear and high risk chemical plants (e.g. the liquefied natural gas tanks) and the already significant application of the SVPC systems to cultural heritage, in particular in Italy.

Martelli, Alessandro [Section on Prevention and Mitigation of Natural Risks - PROTPREV, Department of Environment, Global Changes and Sustainable Development - ACS, Italian Agency for New Technologies, Energy and the Environment - ENEA, GLIS - GLIS-Isolation and Other Anti-Seismic Design Strategies, European Territorial Section, ASSISi - Anti-Seismic Systems International Society, Via Martiri di Monte Sole, 4, I-40129 Bologna (Italy); Forni, Massimo [ENEA-ACS-PROTPREV, GLIS and ASSISi, c/o ENEA, Via Martiri di Monte Sole, 4, I-40129 Bologna (Italy)

2008-07-08T23:59:59.000Z

265

The Estimation of Hourly Global Solar Radiation Using a Cloud Cover Model Developed at Blytheville, Arkansas  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The lack of a comprehensive solar radiation monitoring network throughout the United States has led to extensive modeling. Some of the models use a measured component, usually the global solar radiation, to predict the other components, direct ...

W. D. Turner; Abdulaziz Mujahid

1984-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

266

Development and Initial Test of the University of Wisconsin Global IsentropicSigma Model  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The description of a global version of the University of Wisconsin (UW) hybrid isentropic-sigma (? ? ?) model and the results from an initial numerical weather prediction experiment are presented in this paper. The main objectives of this initial ...

Tom H. Zapotocny; Donald R. Johnson; Fred M. Reames

1994-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

267

Accelerating Progress in Global Atmospheric Model Development through Improved Parameterizations: Challenges, Opportunities, and Strategies  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Meeting societal needs in weather, seasonal, and decadal prediction and climate projection requires a continuous improvement of the main tools used in making the predictionsglobal models of the Earth system. Despite significant progress in model ...

Christian Jakob

2010-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

268

Coal bed methane global market potential  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Worldwide increases in energy prices, as well as the increased potential for project financing derived from emissions credits, have renewed focus on coal bed methane (CBM) and coal mine methane (CMM) projects in coal-producing countries around the world. Globally, CBM utilization projects (in the operational, development, or planning stages) capture and utilize methane from gassy underground coal mines in at least 13 countries. The total methane emission reductions that could be achieved by these projects are approximately 135 billion cubic feet per year (equal to 14.8 million tons of carbon equivalent per year). This global activity level reflects a growing awareness of the technological practicality and the economic attractiveness of coal mine methane recovery and use. This report outlines the potential of the global CBM market. Contents: An overview of CBM; Challenges and issues; Technologies to generate power from CAM; Global CBM/CMM utilization; Country highlights; Ranking of countries with the largest CMM development potential (Australia, Canada, China, Germany, Mexico, Poland, Russia, Ukraine, United Kingdom, USA, Bulgaria, Czech Republic, France, India, Japan, Kazakhstan, South Africa); Planning CBM/CMM projects; Pre-feasibility and feasibility studies; Demonstration projects; Development plan and application process; Equity and debt; Carbon financing; Government sponsors; Private sponsors; Project risk reduction support; Examples of integrated project financing; Glossary.

Drazga, B. (ed.)

2007-01-16T23:59:59.000Z

269

Profiles for Countries  

Reports and Publications (EIA)

Data by country, region, and commercial group (OECD, OPEC) for 215 countries including production, consumption, U.S. oil imports and CO2 emissions. Forecasts for selected countries for total oil production and consumption. Analysis by country (Country Analysis Briefs)

Joe Ayoub

2009-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

270

Country regulation of large scale commercial and industrial real estate development in the southwest : is it effective?  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Real estate developers and county officials were surveyed to determine the existence, content and accessibility of county regulatory guidelines for land use and real estate development projects in the southwestern US. ...

Yates, Barrett Elizabeth

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

271

Determining the feasibility of making bamboo charcoal pencil leads in developing countries using graphite pencil lead manufacturing processes  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Many organizations seek to alleviate poverty in the developing world. One organization in particular strives to improve the livelihood of people in poverty through the technical development of and training in bamboo and ...

Elkordy, Nadia S

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

272

Strategies of developing road transport by controlling automotives' emissions to reduce local and global environment impacts  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This research paper presents an overview of policies and methods of controlling the emissions caused by motor vehicles and road traffic to reduce local and global pollution. The main reason is the fact that individual mobility and modern freight transport ... Keywords: emission, engine, environment, modelling, noise, optimisation, pollution, traffic flows

Corneliu Cofaru

2011-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

273

Importance of bioenergy markets for the development of the global energy system  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of 508 EJ in 2009 [1]. In order to reach climate targets and create low-carbon economies, biomass is expected to play a pivotal role. While the future resource potential of biomass may be significant and the global trade of bioenergy is rapidly expanding, biomass is currently only playing a minor role

Recanati, Catherine

274

Development of global hourly 0.5-degree land surface air temperature datasets  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Land surface air temperature (SAT) is one of the most important variables in weather and climate studies, and its diurnal cycle and day-to-day variation are also needed for a variety of applications. Global long-term hourly SAT observational data, ...

Aihui Wang; Xubin Zeng

275

Development of Global Hourly 0.5 Land Surface Air Temperature Datasets  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Land surface air temperature (SAT) is one of the most important variables in weather and climate studies, and its diurnal cycle is also needed for a variety of applications. Global long-term hourly SAT observational data, however, do not exist. ...

Aihui Wang; Xubin Zeng

2013-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

276

Carbon emissions and sequestration in forests: Case studies from seven developing countries. Volume 2, Greenhouse gas emissions from deforestration in the Brazilian Amazon  

SciTech Connect

Deforestation in Brazilian Amazonia in 1990 was releasing approximately 281--282 X 10{sup 6} metric tons (MT) of carbon on conversion to a landscape of agriculture, productive pasture, degraded pasture, secondary forest and regenerated forest in the proportions corresponding to the equilibrium condition implied by current land-use patterns. Emissions are expressed as ``committed carbon,`` or the carbon released over a period of years as the carbon stock in each hectare deforested approaches a new equilibrium in the landscape that replaces the original forest. To the extent that deforestation rates have remained constant, current releases from the areas deforested in previous years will be equal to the future releases from the areas being cleared now. Considering the quantities of carbon dioxide, carbon monoxide, methane, nitrous oxide, NO{sub x} and non-methane hydrocarbons released raises the impact by 22--37%. The relative impact on the greenhouse effect of each gas is based on the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) calculations over a 20-year time period (including indirect effects). The six gases considered have a combined global warming impact equivalent to 343 to 386 million MT of C0{sub 2}-equivalent carbon, depending on assumptions regarding the release of methane and other gases from the various sources such as burning and termites. These emissions represent 7--8 times the 50 million MT annual carbon release from Brazil`s use of fossil fuels, but bring little benefit to the country. Stopping deforestation in Brazil would prevent as much greenhouse emission as tripling the fuel efficiency of all the automobiles in the world. The relatively cheap measures needed to contain deforestation, together with the many complementary benefits of doing so, make this the first priority for funds intended to slow global warming.

Makundi, W.; Sathaye, J. [eds.] [Lawrence Berkeley Lab., CA (United States); Fearnside, P.M. [Instituto Nacional de Pesquisas da Amazonia (INPA), Manaus, AM (Brazil). Departmento de Ecologia

1992-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

277

Advances in the remote sensing of volcanic activity and hazards, with special consideration to applications in developing countries  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Applications of remote sensing for studies of volcanic activity and hazards have developed rapidly in the past 40 years. This has facilitated the observation of volcanic processes, such as ground deformation and thermal emission changes, lava flows, ...

G. G. J. Ernst; M. Kervyn; R. M. Teeuw

2008-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

278

Implementation of global energy sustainability  

SciTech Connect

The term energy sustainability emerged from the UN Conference on Environment and Development in Rio 1992, when Agenda 21 was formulated and the Global Energy Charter proclaimed. Emission reductions, total energy costing, improved energy efficiency, and sustainable energy systems are the four fundamental principles of the charter. These principles can be implemented in the proposed financial, legal, technical, and education framework. Much has been done in many countries toward the implementation of the Global Energy Charter, but progress has not been fast enough to ease the disastrous effects of the too many ill-conceived energy systems on the environment, climate, and health. Global warming is accelerating, and pollution is worsening, especially in developing countries with their hunger for energy to meet the needs of economic development. Asian cities are now beating all pollution records, and greenhouse gases are visibly changing the climate with rising sea levels, retracting glaciers, and record weather disasters. This article presents why and how energy investments and research money have to be rechanneled into sustainable energy, rather than into the business-as-usual of depleting, unsustainable energy concepts exceeding one trillion dollars per year. This largest of all investment sectors needs much more attention.

Grob, G.R. [CMDC, Zurich (Switzerland)

1998-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

279

Global Energy Perspectives  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Global Energy Perspectives: Supply Security, Economic Development and Sustainability The Annual Energy Policy Conference of the National Capital Area ...

280

Making the Market Right for Environmentally Sound Energy-Efficient Technologies: U.S. Buildings Sector Successes that Might Work in Developing Countries and Eastern Europe  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Philippines, Singapore, and Thailand, urban areas are growing rapidly. In these countries, over 30% of the electricity

Gadgil, A.J.

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "developing countries global" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


281

Renewable: A key component of our global energy future  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Inclusion of renewable energy sources in national and international energy strategies is a key component of a viable global energy future. The global energy balance is going to shift radically in the near future brought about by significant increases in population in China and India, and increases in the energy intensity of developing countries. To better understand the consequences of such global shifts in energy requirements and to develop appropriate energy strategies to respond to these shifts, we need to look at the factors driving choices among supply options by geopolitical consumers and the impact these factors can have on the future energy mix.

Hartley, D.

1995-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

282

Country Analysis Briefs  

Reports and Publications (EIA)

An ongoing compilation of country energy profiles. EIA maintains Country Analysis Briefs (CABs) for specific countries that are important to world energy markets, including members of the Organization of the Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC), major non-OPEC oil producers, major energy transit countries, major energy consumers, and other areas of current interest to energy analysts and policy makers.

Joe Ayoub

283

Global Offshore Wind Farms Database | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Global Offshore Wind Farms Database Global Offshore Wind Farms Database Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: Global Offshore Wind Farms Database Focus Area: Renewable Energy Topics: Deployment Data Website: www.4coffshore.com/offshorewind/ Equivalent URI: cleanenergysolutions.org/content/global-offshore-wind-farms-database,h Language: English Policies: Deployment Programs DeploymentPrograms: Technical Assistance This online database and interactive map for global offshore wind development contains details on over 900 wind farms in 36 countries. The 4C Offshore Interactive Map provides an interactive map-based view of wind farm data, as well as wind farm-related news and career information. References Retrieved from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=Global_Offshore_Wind_Farms_Database&oldid=514428"

284

Global Climate Change Alliance Training Workshops on Mainstreaming Climate  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Global Climate Change Alliance Training Workshops on Mainstreaming Climate Global Climate Change Alliance Training Workshops on Mainstreaming Climate Change Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: Global Climate Change Alliance Training Workshop on Mainstreaming Climate Change Agency/Company /Organization: Global Climate Change Alliance (GCCA) Sector: Climate Topics: Low emission development planning, -LEDS Resource Type: Training materials, Workshop Website: www.gcca.eu/pages/75_2-OCT-Workshop.html Cost: Free References: GCCA Countries Training Workshop[1] A GCCA workshop for OCT countries took place 27-28 January 2012 immediately following the OCT-EU Forum meeting in Brussels, Belgium. The workshop aimed at sharing views, knowledge, tools and experiences on climate change mitigation and adaptation and at raising awareness on the benefits and

285

Global Renewable Power International Global RPI | Open Energy...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

RPI) Place Spain Sector Wind energy Product Spain-based developer of wind projects in Poland, Croatia and Chile. References Global Renewable Power International (Global RPI)1...

286

Bottom Up and Country Led: A New Framework for Climate Action | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Bottom Up and Country Led: A New Framework for Climate Action Bottom Up and Country Led: A New Framework for Climate Action Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: Bottom Up and Country Led: A New Framework for Climate Action Agency/Company /Organization: Booz and Company Sector: Energy, Land, Climate Topics: Low emission development planning Resource Type: Publications Website: www.booz.com/global/home/what_we_think/reports_and_white_papers/ic-dis Cost: Free Bottom Up and Country Led: A New Framework for Climate Action Screenshot References: Bottom Up and Country Led: A New Framework for Climate Action[1] "As delegates gather for the Climate Change Conference in Cancun in late 2010, they can benefit from familiarizing themselves with the set of tools available for mitigation and adaptation, as well as how these tools can fit

287

Local and global structuring of computer mediated communication: developing linguistic perspectives on CSCW in cosmos  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper is concerned with the development of a language/action perspective in the Cosmos project. We emphasize the importance of seeing cooperative work in terms of participants' communicative actions. In contrast to some explorations of speech act ...

John Bowers; John Churcher

1988-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

288

To continue the development of WISER's globally recognized program in Clean Coal Technology at Illinois  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

model for the gasifier fuel cell was developed. Because molten carbonate and solid electrolyte fuel a concept to combine the endothermic gasifier and the exothermic fuel cell into one unit to achieve very

Saniie, Jafar

289

Developing an Online Information System Prototype for Global Satellite Precipitation Algorithm Validation and Intercomparison  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Over the decades, significant progress has been made in satellite precipitation product development. In particular, temporal resolution and timely availability have been improved by blended techniques. The resulting products, including near-real-...

Zhong Liu; Hualan Rui; William Teng; Long Chiu; Gregory Leptoukh; Steven Kempler

2009-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

290

Technological development under global warning : roadmap of the coal generation technology  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This thesis explores the measures for the Japanese electric power utilities to meet the Kyoto Target, and the technological development of the coal thermal power generation to meet the further abatement of the carbon dioxide ...

Furuyama, Yasushi, 1963-

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

291

Global Food Security | Data.gov  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Global Food Security Global Food Security aWhere aWhere transforms how global development initiatives are managed and monitored. aWhere's location intelligence data management platform enables integration of complex agricultural, environmental and public health data into local, actionable insight. Application URL: http://www.awhere.com/en-us Read more about aWhere 0 comment(s) | Food Frequency Method Online A fast, low cost, effective method to assess micro-nutrient deficiencies in a developing country on a household basis, while also allowing for an aggregation to a community or regional basis quickly and effectively. Application URL: http://www.foodfrequencyonline.org/index Read more about Food Frequency Method Online 0 comment(s) | e-Afghan AG e-Afghan Ag provides credible relevant information to those helping farmers

292

Socio-economic analysis of forest-wood use and resource stock depletion in developing countries: A case study of Saint Lucia  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The rapid depletion of forest-wood resources by households in developing countries to meet their energy needs has aroused the concerns of many private and international organizations. Privatization of communal forests to restrict open access, reforestation of forest, and population control are the often-suggested solutions. The Island of Saint Lucia in the Caribbean has partially in existence most of these suggested solutions, however rapid depletion (non-optimal) of forest-wood resource stock continues to exist. On the microlevel, Saint Lucian households are exposed to five competing energy forms. Many households use two or more competing alternatives simultaneously: electricity and kerosene for lighting; LPG, charcoal, and firewood for cooking. This is to minimize the risks associated with uncertainties of quantity supply and price fluctuations. Two key factors were found to determine energy adoption behavior, the geographical location (a proxy for urbanization) and living environment (if household was a farming or fishing household). The study suggests that laissez faire policy posture towards the declining forest-wood stock may not constitute a non-optimal solution if prices move in the direction of long-run equilibrium and the halting of continuous stock depletion.

Nzeogwu, O.

1988-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

293

A Global Climatology of Single-Layer and Overlapped Clouds and their Optical Properties Developed Using a New Algorithm Applied to Terra/MODIS Data  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Global Climatology of Single-Layer and Overlapped Global Climatology of Single-Layer and Overlapped Clouds and their Optical Properties Developed Using a New Algorithm Applied to Terra/MODIS Data F.-L. Chang and Z. Li Earth System Science Interdisciplinary Center University of Maryland College Park, Maryland Z. Li Department of Meteorology University of Maryland College Park, Maryland Introduction To date, weather satellites are the only tool to measure cloud and climate variables on a global scale, an objective addressed by the International Satellite Cloud Climatology Project (ISCCP) (Rossow and Schiffer 1991; Rossow and Schiffer 1999). However, there is a dearth of information concerning the global climatology of cloud vertical structure and cirrus cloud properties. This is because the often-used

294

Biological Sciences for the 21st Century: Meeting the Challenges of Sustainable Development in an Era of Global Change  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The symposium was held 10-12 May, 2007 at the Capitol Hilton Hotel in Washington, D. C. The 30 talks explored how some of today's key biological research developments (such as biocomplexity and complex systems analysis, bioinformatics and computational biology, the expansion of molecular and genomics research, and the emergence of other comprehensive or system wide analyses, such as proteomics) contribute to sustainability science. The symposium therefore emphasized the challenges facing agriculture, human health, sustainable energy, and the maintenance of ecosystems and their services, so as to provide a focus and a suite of examples of the enormous potential contributions arising from these new developments in the biological sciences. This symposium was the first to provide a venue for exploring how the ongoing advances in the biological sciences together with new approaches for improving knowledge integration and institutional science capacity address key global challenges to sustainability. The speakers presented new research findings, and identified new approaches and needs in biological research that can be expected to have substantial impacts on sustainability science.

Joel Cracraft; Richard O'Grady

2007-05-12T23:59:59.000Z

295

Biological Sciences for the 21st Century: Meeting the Challenges of Sustainable Development in an Era of Global Change  

SciTech Connect

The symposium was held 10-12 May, 2007 at the Capitol Hilton Hotel in Washington, D. C. The 30 talks explored how some of today's key biological research developments (such as biocomplexity and complex systems analysis, bioinformatics and computational biology, the expansion of molecular and genomics research, and the emergence of other comprehensive or system wide analyses, such as proteomics) contribute to sustainability science. The symposium therefore emphasized the challenges facing agriculture, human health, sustainable energy, and the maintenance of ecosystems and their services, so as to provide a focus and a suite of examples of the enormous potential contributions arising from these new developments in the biological sciences. This symposium was the first to provide a venue for exploring how the ongoing advances in the biological sciences together with new approaches for improving knowledge integration and institutional science capacity address key global challenges to sustainability. The speakers presented new research findings, and identified new approaches and needs in biological research that can be expected to have substantial impacts on sustainability science.

Joel Cracraft; Richard O' Grady

2007-05-12T23:59:59.000Z

296

Graduate Research Assistant Program for Professional Development at Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL) Global Nuclear Security Technology Division (GNSTD)  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The southeast is a highly suitable environment for establishing a series of nuclear safety, security and safeguards 'professional development' courses. Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL) provides expertise in the research component of these subjects while the Y-12 Nuclear Security Complex handles safeguards/security and safety applications. Several universities (i.e., University of Tennessee, Knoxville (UTK), North Carolina State University, University of Michigan, and Georgia Technology Institute) in the region, which offer nuclear engineering and public policy administration programs, and the Howard Baker Center for Public Policy make this an ideal environment for learning. More recently, the Institute for Nuclear Security (INS) was established between ORNL, Y-12, UTK and Oak Ridge Associate Universities (ORAU), with a focus on five principal areas. These areas include policy, law, and diplomacy; education and training; science and technology; operational and intelligence capability building; and real-world missions and applications. This is a new approach that includes professional development within the graduate research assistant program addressing global needs in nuclear security, safety and safeguards.

Eipeldauer, Mary D [ORNL; Shelander Jr, Bruce R [ORNL

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

297

Globalization at NTT DoCoMo : implementing global business management strategies  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Global business management has become one of the most important issues facing companies today, and global economic dynamics provide companies with both tremendous opportunities and formidable challenges. Countries are ...

Takagi, Katsuyuki, 1964-

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

298

Explaining cross-country variation in cigarette consumption  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. This short paper uses cross-country data on per capita cigarette consumption and selected socioeconomic variables to explain inter-country differentials in consumption. It is found that the proportion of the aged in the total population and higher literacy among women have relatively greater and positive impact on cigarette consumption. Even after controlling for the effect of the two variables, a country's industrialized status has a positive impact on consumption. It would thus seem that aging and economic, and social developments are pro-cigarette consumption. Background The US Surgeon General's initial report on smoking was nearly 40 years old. All these years, health warnings on cigarette packs have been in place. Despite the "warnings" and concerted efforts to dissuade potential smokers, cigarettes are here to stay. Global cigarette production and consumption have been rising steadily since cigarettes were introduced at the beginning of the 20 th century (see Table 1 for evidence on growth during 19602000). It is estimated that at present about 1.1 billion people close to a fifth of the global population are smokers and the number is expected to rise to more than 1.6 billion by

Kolluru Srinivas; Bhanoji Rao; Open Access

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

299

LONDON'S GLOBAL UNIVERSITY THE GRAND CHALLENGE OF  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

on global-health challenges. We need your involvement, your energy and your disciplines' intellectual-poor settings, to foster innovative, relevant solutions to partner countries' particular experiences of global and environmental responsibility, working seamlessly with and within a wide range of countries and cultures. A UCL

Saunders, Mark

300

Country Analysis Briefs  

Reports and Publications (EIA)

An ongoing compilation of country background information profiles. Country Analysis Briefs (CABs) for specific countries or geographical areas that are important to world energy markets are maintained, including members of the Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC), major nonOPEC oil producers (i.e., the North Sea, Russia), major energy transit areas (i.e., Ukraine), and other areas of current interest to energy analysts and policy makers.

Joe Ayoub

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "developing countries global" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


301

Country Analysis Briefs, 1994  

Reports and Publications (EIA)

An ongoing compilation of country background information profiles. Country Analysis Briefs (CABs) for specific countries or geographical areas that are important to world energy markets are maintained, including members of the Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC), major nonOPEC oil producers (i.e., the North Sea, Russia), major energy transit areas (i.e., Ukraine), and other areas of current interest to energy analysts and policy makers.

Information Center

1995-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

302

Revision to the Canada Country Analysis Brief  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Revision to the Canada Country Analysis Brief. December 10, 2012. Text incorrectly implied that Encana is developing another major natural gas project off ...

303

US Country Studies Program | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Country Studies Program Country Studies Program Jump to: navigation, search Name US Country Studies Program Agency/Company /Organization United States Government Sector Energy, Land Website http://www.gcrio.org/CSP/ Program Start 1993 References US Country Studies Program[1] From: http://www.gcrio.org/CSP/ap.html The U.S. Country Studies Program provides financial and technical assistance to developing and transition countries for climate change studies. The program was announced by the President prior to the United Nations Conference on Environment and Development (UNCED) in Brazil in 1992. The first round of two-year studies began in October 1993, and a second round followed in October 1994. Fifty-six countries on five continents currently participate in the program. Regional and sectoral

304

Monthly, global emissions of carbon dioxide from fossil fuel consumption  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper examines available data, develops a strategy and presents a monthly, global time series of fossil-fuel carbon dioxide emissions for the years 1950 2006. This monthly time series was constructed from detailed study of monthly data from the 21 countries that account for approximately 80% of global total emissions. These data were then used in a Monte Carlo approach to proxy for all remaining countries. The proportional-proxy methodology estimates by fuel group the fraction of annual emissions emitted in each country and month. Emissions from solid, liquid and gas fuels are explicitly modelled by the proportional-proxy method. The primary conclusion from this study is the global monthly time series is statistically significantly different from a uniform distribution throughout the year. Uncertainty analysis of the data presented show that the proportional-proxy method used faithfully reproduces monthly patterns in the data and the global monthly pattern of emissions is relatively insensitive to the exact proxy assignments used. The data and results presented here should lead to a better understanding of global and regional carbon cycles, especially when the mass data are combined with the stable carbon isotope data in atmospheric transport models.

Andres, Robert Joseph [ORNL; Gregg, JS [Riso National Laboratory, Roskilde, Denmark; Losey, London M [ORNL; Marland, Gregg [ORNL; Boden, Thomas A [ORNL

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

305

Plenary lecture 1: strategies of developing road transport by controlling automotives' emissions to reduce local and global environment impacts  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This research paper presents an overview of policies and methods of controlling the emissions caused by motor vehicles and road traffic to reduce local and global pollution. The main premise is the fact that individual mobility and modern freight transport ...

Corneliu Cofaru

2011-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

306

Sustainable development of hydropower in third countries: The development of hydropower on a sustainable basis has been an array of humanitarian and economic development, especially for local people as well as an important tool in the fight against glo  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

FACT SHEET: SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT OF HYDROPOWER INITIATIVE At the Clean Energy Ministerial in Washington, D.C. on July 19 th and 20 th , ministers pledged to establish the Sustainable Development of Hydropower Initiative to promote the sustainable use of hydropower in developing countries in regions such as Africa, Asia, and Central America, and to identify potential financial resources from multilateral organizations to advance such projects.

307

Annex B Countries List  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Annex B Countries Australia Austria Belgium Bulgaria Canada Croatia Czech Republic Denmark Estonia Finland France (including Monaco) Germany Greece Hungary Iceland Ireland Italy...

308

Development and Evaluation of a Global Version of the Miami Isopycnic-Coordinate Ocean Model. Final report  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The objective of this project was to test the ability of the Miami Isopycnic-Coordinate Ocean Model (MICOM) to simulate the global ocean circulation, setting the stage for the model's incorporation into coupled global climate models. An existing basin-scale model will be expanded to global domain; suitable atmospheric forcing fields, including precipitation and river runoff, will be selected; the modeling of ayssal flow will be improved by incorporating compressibility and particularly thermobaric effects; a sea-ice model will be added; parameterization options will be explored for subgrid-scale deep convection; parallel coarse- and fine-mesh simulations will be carried out to investigate the impact of grid resolution; the sensitivity of the model's solution to magnitude of vertical (diapycnal) exchange coefficient will be studied; and long-term trends in meridional heat transport and water-mass properties in model solutions will be documented and interpreted.

Bleck, Rainer; Rooth, Claes G.H.; Okeefe, Sawdey

1997-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

309

Global Nuclear Energy Partnership Inaugural Steering Group Meeting Makes  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Global Nuclear Energy Partnership Inaugural Steering Group Meeting Global Nuclear Energy Partnership Inaugural Steering Group Meeting Makes Marked Progress Global Nuclear Energy Partnership Inaugural Steering Group Meeting Makes Marked Progress December 19, 2007 - 4:58pm Addthis WASHINGTON, DC - The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Assistant Secretary for Nuclear Energy Dennis Spurgeon today announced that the Global Nuclear Energy Partnership's (GNEP) first Steering Group meeting last week concluded with measurable progress. Representatives from the GNEP nineteen countries developed and adopted an Action Plan detailing the groundwork for future Partnership cooperation and Members of the Steering Group elected the United States to serve as the chair of the group and China, France, and Japan to serve as vice-chairs. This three day meeting

310

Principal Associate Director - Global Security  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Principal Associate Director - Global Security Principal Associate Director - Global Security As Principal Associate Director for Global Security, Wallace leads Laboratory programs with special focus on developing and applying the scientific and engineering capabilities to address complex national and global security threats. Contact Operator Los Alamos National Laboratory (505 667-5061 Wallace's expertise is forensic seismology, a highly specialized discipline focusing on detection and quantification of nuclear tests. Terry C. Wallace, Jr. Principal Associate Director for Global Security Terry C. Wallace, Jr., Principal Associate Director for Global Security As Principal Associate Director for Global Security, Wallace leads Laboratory programs with a focus on applying scientific and engineering capabilities

311

The low carbon development (LCD) levels' evaluation of the world's 47 countries (areas) by combining the FAHP with the TOPSIS method  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The low carbon economy (LCE) is considered as a kind of development mode (low carbon development, LCD) in this paper. So several problems appear, e.g., what kind of development is LCD? And, how to evaluate the level of LCD? The aim of this study is just ... Keywords: FAHP, Low carbon development level, TOPSIS

Junsong Jia; Ying Fan; Xiaodan Guo

2012-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

312

Global Energias Renovables SL | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Energias Renovables SL Jump to: navigation, search Name Global Energias Renovables SL Place Madrid, Spain Sector Wind energy Product Spanish wind power developer. References Global...

313

Global Celsius SL | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Celsius SL Jump to: navigation, search Name Global Celsius SL Place Madrid, Spain Sector Wind energy Product Spanish wind project developer. References Global Celsius SL1...

314

Strategic Analysis of the Global Status of Carbon Capture and...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: Strategic Analysis of the Global Status of Carbon Capture and Storage (CCS): Country Studies, United Arab Emirates Focus Area: Clean Fossil Energy...

315

Strategic Analysis of the Global Status of Carbon Capture and...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: Strategic Analysis of the Global Status of Carbon Capture and Storage: Country Studies, Brazil Focus Area: Clean Fossil Energy Topics: Policy Impacts...

316

Prospects and Challenges for a Global Expansion of Nuclear Energy  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... in such countries will be challenging, as will be the additional strain that a global spread of nuclear power will put on the nuclear nonproliferation regime.

317

Global Forest Resource Assessment | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Global Forest Resource Assessment Global Forest Resource Assessment Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary Name: Global Forest Resource Assessment Agency/Company /Organization: Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations Sector: Land Focus Area: Forestry Topics: Resource assessment Resource Type: Publications Website: www.fao.org/forestry/fra/fra2010/en/ Global Forest Resource Assessment Screenshot References: Global Forest Research Assessment[1] Overview "FAO, in cooperation with its member countries, has monitored the world's forests at 5 to 10 year intervals since 1946. These global assessments provide valuable information to policy-makers in countries, to international negotiations, arrangements and organizations related to forests and to the general public. The Global Forest Resources Assessment

318

Global warming  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

the oceans will rise because the ice caps will melt. whole countries may disappear underwater. In addition, there will be drastic climate changes all over the world. Scientists...

319

Low Carbon Growth Country Studies Program | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Country Studies Program Country Studies Program Jump to: navigation, search Name Low Carbon Growth Country Studies Program Agency/Company /Organization Energy Sector Management Assistance Program of the World Bank Sector Climate, Energy Focus Area Buildings, Energy Efficiency, Industry, Transportation Topics Background analysis, Baseline projection, Low emission development planning, Policies/deployment programs Website http://www.esmap.org/esmap/ Country Poland, Republic of Macedonia UN Region Northern Europe References ESMAP-Macedonia-Low Carbon Growth Country Studies Program[1] References ↑ "ESMAP-Macedonia-Low Carbon Growth Country Studies Program" Retrieved from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=Low_Carbon_Growth_Country_Studies_Program&oldid=576259"

320

Sales & operations planning in a global business  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

As companies become more global and begin to outsource manufacturing and other services, the uncertainty in the supply resource increases. Demand uncertainties increase as these same companies expand into new countries to ...

Honstain, Christopher Michael

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "developing countries global" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


321

countries | OpenEI  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

97 97 Varnish cache server Browse Upload data GDR 429 Throttled (bot load) Error 429 Throttled (bot load) Throttled (bot load) Guru Meditation: XID: 2142281497 Varnish cache server countries Dataset Summary Description This dataset comes from the Energy Information Administration (EIA), and is part of the 2011 Annual Energy Outlook Report (AEO2011). This dataset is table 142, and contains only the reference case. The dataset uses million short tons. The data is broken down into steam coal exports to Europe, Asia and America. Source EIA Date Released April 26th, 2011 (3 years ago) Date Updated Unknown Keywords 2011 AEO Coal flows countries EIA exporting importing Data application/vnd.ms-excel icon AEO2011: World Steam Coal Flows By Importing Regions and Exporting Countries- Reference Case (xls, 103.7 KiB)

322

Effect of Terrestrial and Marine Organic Aerosol on Regional and Global Climate: Model Development, Application, and Verification with Satellite Data  

SciTech Connect

In this DOE project the improvements to parameterization of marine primary organic matter (POM) emissions, hygroscopic properties of marine POM, marine isoprene derived secondary organic aerosol (SOA) emissions, surfactant effects, new cloud droplet activation parameterization have been implemented into Community Atmosphere Model (CAM 5.0), with a seven mode aerosol module from the Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL)???¢????????s Modal Aerosol Model (MAM7). The effects of marine aerosols derived from sea spray and ocean emitted biogenic volatile organic compounds (BVOCs) on microphysical properties of clouds were explored by conducting 10 year CAM5.0-MAM7 model simulations at a grid resolution 1.9???????°????????2.5???????° with 30 vertical layers. Model-predicted relationship between ocean physical and biological systems and the abundance of CCN in remote marine atmosphere was compared to data from the A-Train satellites (MODIS, CALIPSO, AMSR-E). Model simulations show that on average, primary and secondary organic aerosol emissions from the ocean can yield up to 20% increase in Cloud Condensation Nuclei (CCN) at 0.2% Supersaturation, and up to 5% increases in droplet number concentration of global maritime shallow clouds. Marine organics were treated as internally or externally mixed with sea salt. Changes associated with cloud properties reduced (absolute value) the model-predicted short wave cloud forcing from -1.35 Wm-2 to -0.25 Wm-2. By using different emission scenarios, and droplet activation parameterizations, this study suggests that addition of marine primary aerosols and biologically generated reactive gases makes an important difference in radiative forcing assessments. All baseline and sensitivity simulations for 2001 and 2050 using global-through-urban WRF/Chem (GU-WRF) were completed. The main objective of these simulations was to evaluate the capability of GU-WRF for an accurate representation of the global atmosphere by exploring the most accurate configuration of physics options in GWRF for global scale modeling in 2001 at a horizontal grid resolution of 1???????° x 1???????°. GU-WRF model output was evaluated using observational datasets from a variety of sources including surface based observations (NCDC and BSRN), model reanalysis (NCEP/ NCAR Reanalysis and CMAP), and remotely-sensed data (TRMM) to evaluate the ability of GU-WRF to simulate atmospheric variables at the surface as well as aloft. Explicit treatment of nanoparticles produced from new particle formation in GU-WRF/Chem-MADRID was achieved by expanding particle size sections from 8 to 12 to cover particles with the size range of 1.16 nm to 11.6 ???????µm. Simulations with two different nucleation parameterizations were conducted for August 2002 over a global domain at a 4???????º by 5???????º horizontal resolution. The results are evaluated against field measurement data from the 2002 Aerosol Nucleation and Real Time Characterization Experiment (ANARChE) in Atlanta, Georgia, as well as satellite and reanalysis data. We have also explored the relationship between ???¢????????clean marine???¢??????? aerosol optical properties and ocean surface wind speed using remotely sensed data from the Cloud-Aerosol Lidar with Orthogonal Polarization (CALIOP) on board the CALIPSO satellite and the Advanced Microwave Scanning Radiometer (AMSR-E) on board the AQUA satellite. Detailed data analyses

Meskhidze, Nicholas; Zhang, Yang; Kamykowski, Daniel

2012-03-28T23:59:59.000Z

323

Effect of Terrestrial and Marine Organic Aerosol on Regional and Global Climate: Model Development, Application, and Verification with Satellite Data  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this DOE project the improvements to parameterization of marine primary organic matter (POM) emissions, hygroscopic properties of marine POM, marine isoprene derived secondary organic aerosol (SOA) emissions, surfactant effects, new cloud droplet activation parameterization have been implemented into Community Atmosphere Model (CAM 5.0), with a seven mode aerosol module from the Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL)???¢????????s Modal Aerosol Model (MAM7). The effects of marine aerosols derived from sea spray and ocean emitted biogenic volatile organic compounds (BVOCs) on microphysical properties of clouds were explored by conducting 10 year CAM5.0-MAM7 model simulations at a grid resolution 1.9???????°????????2.5???????° with 30 vertical layers. Model-predicted relationship between ocean physical and biological systems and the abundance of CCN in remote marine atmosphere was compared to data from the A-Train satellites (MODIS, CALIPSO, AMSR-E). Model simulations show that on average, primary and secondary organic aerosol emissions from the ocean can yield up to 20% increase in Cloud Condensation Nuclei (CCN) at 0.2% Supersaturation, and up to 5% increases in droplet number concentration of global maritime shallow clouds. Marine organics were treated as internally or externally mixed with sea salt. Changes associated with cloud properties reduced (absolute value) the model-predicted short wave cloud forcing from -1.35 Wm-2 to -0.25 Wm-2. By using different emission scenarios, and droplet activation parameterizations, this study suggests that addition of marine primary aerosols and biologically generated reactive gases makes an important difference in radiative forcing assessments. All baseline and sensitivity simulations for 2001 and 2050 using global-through-urban WRF/Chem (GU-WRF) were completed. The main objective of these simulations was to evaluate the capability of GU-WRF for an accurate representation of the global atmosphere by exploring the most accurate configuration of physics options in GWRF for global scale modeling in 2001 at a horizontal grid resolution of 1???????° x 1???????°. GU-WRF model output was evaluated using observational datasets from a variety of sources including surface based observations (NCDC and BSRN), model reanalysis (NCEP/ NCAR Reanalysis and CMAP), and remotely-sensed data (TRMM) to evaluate the ability of GU-WRF to simulate atmospheric variables at the surface as well as aloft. Explicit treatment of nanoparticles produced from new particle formation in GU-WRF/Chem-MADRID was achieved by expanding particle size sections from 8 to 12 to cover particles with the size range of 1.16 nm to 11.6 ???????µm. Simulations with two different nucleation parameterizations were conducted for August 2002 over a global domain at a 4???????º by 5???????º horizontal resolution. The results are evaluated against field measurement data from the 2002 Aerosol Nucleation and Real Time Characterization Experiment (ANARChE) in Atlanta, Georgia, as well as satellite and reanalysis data. We have also explored the relationship between ???¢????????clean marine???¢??????? aerosol optical properties and ocean surface wind speed using remotely sensed data from the Cloud-Aerosol Lidar with Orthogonal Polarization (CALIOP) on board the CALIPSO satellite and the Advanced Microwave Scanning Radiometer (AMSR-E) on board the AQUA satellite. Detailed data analyses

Meskhidze, Nicholas; Zhang, Yang; Kamykowski, Daniel

2012-03-28T23:59:59.000Z

324

Event:REN21 Renewables 2012 Global Status Report Webinar Series - Latin  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

REN21 Renewables 2012 Global Status Report Webinar Series - Latin REN21 Renewables 2012 Global Status Report Webinar Series - Latin America Jump to: navigation, search Calendar.png REN21 Renewables 2012 Global Status Report Webinar Series - Latin America: on 2012/10/01 REN21's Renewables 2012 Global Status Report (GSR) speaks to the cumulating effect of steady growth in renewable energy markets, support policies and investment over the past years. In 2011, Renewable sources supplied 16.7% of global final energy consumption. The share of modern renewables increased, while the share of traditional biomass slightly declined. 118 countries -more than half in the developing world- implemented RE targets. Investment in renewables increased 17% to a record $257 billion, despite a widening sovereign debt crisis in Europe and rapidly falling

325

Wood pellet market and trade: a global perspective  

SciTech Connect

This perspective provides an overview of wood pellet markets in a number of countries of high significance, together with an inventory of market factors and relevant past or existing policies. In 2010, the estimated global wood pellet production and consumption were close to 14.3 Mt (million metric tonnes) and 13.5 Mt, respectively, while the global installed production capacity had reached over 28 Mt. Two types of pellets are mainly traded (i) for residential heating and (ii) for large-scale district heating or co-fi ring installations. The EU was the primary market, responsible for nearly 61% and 85% of global production and consumption, respectively in 2010. EU markets were divided according to end use: (i) residential and district heating, (ii) power plants driven market, (iii) mixed market, and (iv) export-driven countries. North America basically serves as an exporter, but also with signifi cant domestic consumption in USA. East Asia is predicted to become the second-largest consumer after the EU in the near future. The development perspective in Latin America remains unclear. Five factors that determine the market characteristics are: (i) the existence of coal-based power plants, (ii) the development of heating systems, (iii) feedstock availability, (iv) interactions with wood industry, and (v) logistics factor. Furthermore, intervention policies play a pivotal role in market development. The perspective of wood pellets industry was also analyzed from four major aspects: (i) supply potential, (ii) logistics issues, (iii) sustainability considerations, and (iv) technology development.

Chun Sheng Goh; Martin Junginger; Maurizio Cocchi; Didier Marchal; Daniela Thran; Christiane Hennig; Jussi Heinimo; Lars Nikolaisen; Peter-Paul Schouwenberg; Douglas Bradley; J. Richard Hess; Jacob J. Jacobson; Leslie Ovard; Michael Deutmeyer

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

326

GLOBAL GEODYSSEA NETWORK N b FULL NAME COUNTRY LAT. LON.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Biak Is., Irian Jaya Indonesia ­00 53 135 57 37 Wamena, Irian Jaya Indonesia ­02 45 138 24 38 Dobo

Vigny, Christophe

327

Global Potential of Energy Efficiency Standards and Labeling Programs  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Air Conditioning Energy Consumption in Developing CountriesAir Conditioning Energy Consumption in Developing CountriesAir Conditioning For air conditioners, climate plays the dominant role in determining energy consumption. Not only will countries

McNeil, Michael A

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

328

Development of Low Global Warming Potential Refrigerant Solutions for Commercial Refrigeration Systems using a Life Cycle Climate Performance Design Tool  

SciTech Connect

Commercial refrigeration systems are known to be prone to high leak rates and to consume large amounts of electricity. As such, direct emissions related to refrigerant leakage and indirect emissions resulting from primary energy consumption contribute greatly to their Life Cycle Climate Performance (LCCP). In this paper, an LCCP design tool is used to evaluate the performance of a typical commercial refrigeration system with alternative refrigerants and minor system modifications to provide lower Global Warming Potential (GWP) refrigerant solutions with improved LCCP compared to baseline systems. The LCCP design tool accounts for system performance, ambient temperature, and system load; system performance is evaluated using a validated vapor compression system simulation tool while ambient temperature and system load are devised from a widely used building energy modeling tool (EnergyPlus). The LCCP design tool also accounts for the change in hourly electricity emission rate to yield an accurate prediction of indirect emissions. The analysis shows that conventional commercial refrigeration system life cycle emissions are largely due to direct emissions associated with refrigerant leaks and that system efficiency plays a smaller role in the LCCP. However, as a transition occurs to low GWP refrigerants, the indirect emissions become more relevant. Low GWP refrigerants may not be suitable for drop-in replacements in conventional commercial refrigeration systems; however some mixtures may be introduced as transitional drop-in replacements. These transitional refrigerants have a significantly lower GWP than baseline refrigerants and as such, improved LCCP. The paper concludes with a brief discussion on the tradeoffs between refrigerant GWP, efficiency and capacity.

Abdelaziz, Omar [ORNL; Fricke, Brian A [ORNL; Vineyard, Edward Allan [ORNL

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

329

The Influence on Climate Change of Differing Scenarios for Future Development Analyzed Using the MIT Integrated Global System Model  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A wide variety of scenarios for future development have played significant roles in climate policy discussions. This paper presents projections of greenhouse gas (GHG) concentrations, sea level rise due to thermal expansion ...

Prinn, Ronald G.

330

The Global Nuclear Energy Partnership | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

The Global Nuclear Energy Partnership (GNEP) GNEP Element:Develop Advanced Burner Reactors Global Nuclear Energy Partnership Fact Sheet - Develop Advanced Burner Reactors...

331

A Multinational Course on Global Climate Change  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A novel multinational course on global climate change was developed by East Carolina University in collaboration with five international universities and the U.S. Department of State. This course was developed to help foster the global conversation needed ...

Rosana Nieto Ferreira; Andrew Herdman; Scott Curtis; Rosina Chia; Elmer Poe; Robert Thompson; Biwu Yang

2012-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

332

Rethinking the economics of global warming  

SciTech Connect

Most of the debates over the impact of the greenhouse effect have centered around the reliability of computer models and have neglected considerations of the economic effects of attempts to reduce global warming. Economic models have certain limitations but the input of cost benefit analysis is needed for arriving at suitable policies for lowering anthropogenic input into warming of the earth. Care must be used in extrapolating from data of time periods which are inappropriate. Estimates of costs of reducing greenhouse-gas emissions also must include possible benefits; at present this is not being done. Economic models must address differences in the distribution of global warming's consequences over time and geographical space. The costs of delaying or accelerating reduction in greenhouse-gas emissions need to be included in policy considerations. A global agreement must not adversely affect developing countries. Faulty assumptions of the effect of market forces on costs impair economic models. We have to recognize that economic and environmental goals need not be incompatible. If economic models are viewed as possible scenarios and not as predictions, then these scenarios can be useful in determining policies for reducing the greenhouse effect without harming populations and their economies.

Miller, A.; Mintzer, I.; Brown, P.G. (Univ. of Maryland, College Park (USA))

1990-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

333

Country Specific Low Carbon Plans (LCP) | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Fund Sector Energy Topics Background analysis, Low emission development planning, Market analysis, Pathways analysis Website http:www.giz.de Country Philippines, Turkey...

334

Global Nuclear Energy Partnership Members Convene in Jordan For Second  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Members Convene in Jordan For Members Convene in Jordan For Second Steering Group Meeting Global Nuclear Energy Partnership Members Convene in Jordan For Second Steering Group Meeting May 15, 2008 - 12:00pm Addthis WASHINGTON, DC - The U.S. Department of Energy today announced continued progress at the conclusion of the Global Nuclear Energy Partnership's (GNEP's) second Steering Group meeting. Representatives from twenty-eight countries and three intergovernmental organizations attended the two-day meeting in the Kingdom of Jordan hosted by the Jordanian Atomic Energy Commission. The Steering Group discussed the formation of a third Working Group on the development of grid-appropriate reactors in order to promote the development of advanced, more proliferation-resistant nuclear power

335

PROCEEDINGS: Conference on Transportation in Developing Countries  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

influencing air pollution from land transport sources TotalControl, (8) Air Pollution Control, (9) Land Use Planning, (

Cervero, Robert; Sperling, Daniel; Mason, Jonathan

1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

336

Peanut oil press for developing countries  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Despite the problems with obesity that the United States is facing today, malnutrition, caused in part by severely low dietary fat consumption, remains a problem among many people living in Sub-Saharan Africa. According ...

Jain, Neera, S.B. Massachusetts Institute of Technology

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

337

Radioactive Waste Management Approaches for Developed Countries  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Despite the recent Fukushima accident, nuclear power remains one of the solutions to the world's energy concerns. Unfortunately, nuclear energy generates...

338

HALON ISSUES IN DEVELOPING COUNTRIES (505) 272 ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... Brazil Chile Egypt Ghana Jordan Malawi Mexico Phillipines Thailand Tunisia UWWY Zambia ... inventory), Turkey Thailand, ...

2011-10-11T23:59:59.000Z

339

FY 2007 LDRD Director's R&D Progress SummaryProposal Title: Developing a Science Base for Fuel Reprocessing Separations in the Global Nuclear Energy Program  

SciTech Connect

This work is aimed at developing an experimentally validated computational capability for understanding the complex processes governing the performance of solvent extraction devices used for separations in nuclear fuel reprocessing. These applications pose a grand challenge due to the combination of complicating factors in a three-dimensional, turbulent, reactive, multicomponent, multiphase/interface fluid flow system. The currently limited process simulation and scale-up capabilities provides uncertainty in the ability to select and design the separations technology for the demonstration plan of the Global Nuclear Energy Partnership (GNEP) program. We anticipate the development of science-based models for technology development and design. This project will position ORNL to address the emerging opportunity by creating an expandable process model validated experimentally. This project has three major thrusts, namely, a prototype experimental station, a continuum modeling and simulation effort, and molecular modeling and kinetics support. Excellent progress has been made in corresponding activities in this first year in: (1) defining, assembling, and operating a relevant prototype system for model validation; (2) establishing a mathematical model for fluid flow and transport; (3) deploying sub-scale molecular modeling.

de Almeida, Valmor F [ORNL; Tsouris, Costas [ORNL; Birdwell Jr, Joseph F [ORNL; D'Azevedo, Ed F [ORNL; Jubin, Robert Thomas [ORNL; DePaoli, David W [ORNL; Moyer, Bruce A [ORNL

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

340

Perspectives of Nuclear Energy for Human Development  

SciTech Connect

In this period of expectation and short term viewing, everyone has difficulties to draw long term perspectives. A positive global world vision of sustainable development gives confidence in the preparation of energy future in a moving international context. This presentation proposes to share such a long term vision inside which energy scenarios for nuclear development take their right place. It is founded on a specific analysis of an index of countries global development which is representative of a country efficiency. Human Development Index (HDI) is a composite international index recommended and calculated every year since 1990 by the United Nations Development Program (UNDP). This index is still very dependent of GNP, which ignores the disparities of revenues inside the country. That is why a Country Efficiency Index (CEI) has been defined to better represent the capacity of a country to utilize its resources for welfare of its inhabitants. CEI is a ratio of health and education levels to the capacity of the country to satisfy this welfare. CEI has been calculated for the 70 more populated countries of the world for the year 1997. CEI calculation has been also performed for European Countries, the United States, China and India on the period from 1965 to 1997. It is observed a growth of CEI. for France from 0.6 to 0.78, and from 0.7 to 0.85 for USA. In 1997, CEI of China was 0.46, and 0.38 for India. This index is a good tool to measure the progression of development of the countries and the related energy needs. Comparison of the evolutions of CEI of these different countries shows a similar positive trend with some delay between OECD countries and China or India. A positive scenario for the future is based on a similar curve for these developing countries with learning effect which produces development with less energy consumption. This simulation results however in energy needs that exceed fossil fuel today available resources in 2070. Ultimate fossil resources must be deployed together with the use of nuclear and renewables. CEI level is an indicator of the country structural soundness. A low level does not allow the industrial management of complex technologies such as nuclear or other complex energy systems. There is a limit for nuclear development which increases with the collective management capability of the country. But increasing efficiency index goes with more energy, which, for developing countries, means an economic access to fossil fuels. This necessitates that the fossil fuels access price, which almost entirely depends on imports from OECD countries, be low enough to allow a progression in the collective efficiency of the countries. This is where nuclear energy has a major function in lightening the burden on fossil fuels transactions by taking its full economic position in the countries with high efficiency index. The two messages of this presentation are that collective efficiencies of the countries steadily increase in the long term and that nuclear development in the most efficient countries is a necessity for efficient development of the other countries. (author)

Rouyer, Jean-Loup [Electricite de France, Engineering Division, Cap Ampere 1, Place Pleyel, 93 282 Saint Denis Cedex (France)

2002-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "developing countries global" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


341

Global ice sheet modeling  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The University of Maine conducted this study for Pacific Northwest Laboratory (PNL) as part of a global climate modeling task for site characterization of the potential nuclear waste respository site at Yucca Mountain, NV. The purpose of the study was to develop a global ice sheet dynamics model that will forecast the three-dimensional configuration of global ice sheets for specific climate change scenarios. The objective of the third (final) year of the work was to produce ice sheet data for glaciation scenarios covering the next 100,000 years. This was accomplished using both the map-plane and flowband solutions of our time-dependent, finite-element gridpoint model. The theory and equations used to develop the ice sheet models are presented. Three future scenarios were simulated by the model and results are discussed.

Hughes, T.J.; Fastook, J.L. [Univ. of Maine, Orono, ME (United States). Institute for Quaternary Studies

1994-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

342

Global Simulation of Bioenergy Crop Productivity: Analytical framework and Case Study for Switchgrass  

SciTech Connect

Contemporary global assessments of the deployment potential and sustainability aspects of biofuel crops lack quantitative details. This paper describes an analytical framework capable of meeting the challenges associated with global scale agro-ecosystem modeling. We designed a modeling platform for bioenergy crops, consisting of five major components: (i) standardized global natural resources and management data sets, (ii) global simulation unit and management scenarios, (iii) model calibration and validation, (iv) high-performance computing (HPC) modeling, and (v) simulation output processing and analysis. A case study with the HPC- Environmental Policy Integrated Climate model (HPC-EPIC) to simulate a perennial bioenergy crop, switchgrass (Panicum virgatum L.) and global biomass feedstock analysis on grassland demonstrates the application of this platform. The results illustrate biomass feedstock variability of switchgrass and provide insights on how the modeling platform can be expanded to better assess sustainable production criteria and other biomass crops. Feedstock potentials on global grasslands and within different countries are also shown. Future efforts involve developing databases of productivity, implementing global simulations for other bioenergy crops (e.g. miscanthus, energycane and agave), and assessing environmental impacts under various management regimes. We anticipated this platform will provide an exemplary tool and assessment data for international communities to conduct global analysis of biofuel biomass feedstocks and sustainability.

Nair, S. Surendran [University of Tennessee, Knoxville (UTK)] [University of Tennessee, Knoxville (UTK); Nichols, Jeff A. {Cyber Sciences} [ORNL; Post, Wilfred M [ORNL] [ORNL; Wang, Dali [ORNL] [ORNL; Wullschleger, Stan D [ORNL] [ORNL; Kline, Keith L [ORNL] [ORNL; Wei, Yaxing [ORNL] [ORNL; Singh, Nagendra [ORNL] [ORNL; Kang, Shujiang [ORNL] [ORNL

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

343

Global Natural Gas Market Analysis  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This report examines the characteristics of global gas markets. These markets have entered a period of supplier strength and high prices as global demand growth has outpaced supply growth. The report systematically evaluates developments in global liquefaction andfor the principal consuming nationsin domestic production, market growth, pipelines, and regasification. While containing a great deal of detail, the report probes myriad announcements of commercial activities to help interpret the evolving comp...

2008-02-12T23:59:59.000Z

344

global horizontal | OpenEI  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

87 87 Varnish cache server Browse Upload data GDR 429 Throttled (bot load) Error 429 Throttled (bot load) Throttled (bot load) Guru Meditation: XID: 2142278787 Varnish cache server global horizontal Dataset Summary Description (Abstract): Documentation of the satellite-based high resolution solar resource assessment for Ghana provided by DLR. The high resolution solar data (10kmx10km) provide country maps of the annual and monthly sums of hourly global horizontal and direct normal irradiance (GHI and DNI) for the year 2000, 2001 and 2002. Additionally, for selected sites hourly values of GHI and DNI are provided.The Documentation gives an overview about the used input data and used methodology, shows example maps and describes a comparison with ground data (if provided by the country)

345

Countries Commit to White Roofs, Potentially Offsetting the Emissions of  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Countries Commit to White Roofs, Potentially Offsetting the Countries Commit to White Roofs, Potentially Offsetting the Emissions of Over 300 Power Plants Countries Commit to White Roofs, Potentially Offsetting the Emissions of Over 300 Power Plants April 8, 2011 - 4:26pm Addthis Dr. Art Rosenfeld Distinguished Scientist Emeritus at Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory What does this project do? Builds energy savings. Promotes heat island mitigation and public health benefits. Encourages global cooling. I am delighted to learn that India, Mexico, and the United States have signed up to join the Cool Roofs Working Group, announced yesterday at the second Clean Energy Ministerial in Abu Dhabi. This working group was offered as part of the Clean Energy Ministerial, which is a high-level global forum to promote policies and programs that advance clean energy

346

Techno-Industrial Cooperation for Development in the Two Punjabs  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

and exploitation of technological knowledge can be done at global level. There is also a growing trend towards location of innovation units other than in their home country. Outsourcing of research and development (R&D) centres, opening up of R&D subsidiaries... to secure comparative advantage in the global economy. This along with the emergence Peace and Democracy in South Asia, Volume 1, Issue 2, 2005. 88 of genetically modified seeds technology has created opportunities for the firms in the advanced...

Singh, Lakhwinder

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

347

Global petrochemical industry experiencing cyclic downturn  

SciTech Connect

The current deterioration of the petrochemical industry-particularly in the U.S. and Western Europe-is a cause of great concern to operators and analysts alike. Although the rapidly developing Asian market will continue to be a major factor into the next century, the immediate global outlook is for a weak market. Chem Systems Inc., Tarrytown, N.Y., discussed these issues at its annual petrochemical conference, held Jan. 13-14 in Houston. One of the few optimistic predictions of the meetings gas that the harbingers of the next industry cycle already can be seen in the U.S. economic recovery, and slow-down in new project planning, and a reduction in fixed costs. The paper describes the US market; market structure; the trend toward capacity integration; product forecasts; factors affecting the prices of propylene, aromatics, and benzene; the Asian market (Japan, Korea, Taiwan, China, Asian countries); regional trade; and the European market.

1993-03-29T23:59:59.000Z

348

Carbon Markets Global Ltd | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Ltd Jump to: navigation, search Name Carbon Markets Global Ltd Place London, United Kingdom Zip NW4 2HT Product Assist project originators develop and finance clean development...

349

Global Biofuel Use, 1850-2000.  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper presents annual, country-level estimates of biofuel use for the period 1850-2000. We estimate that global biofuel consumption rose from about 1000 Tg in 1850 to 2460 Tg in 2000, an increase of 140%. In the late 19th century, biofuel consumption in North America was very high, {approx}220-250 Tg/yr, because widespread land clearing supplied plentiful fuelwood. At that time biofuel use in Western Europe was lower, {approx}180-200 Tg/yr. As fossil fuels became available, biofuel use in the developed world fell. Compensating changes in other parts of the world, however, caused global consumption to remain remarkably stable between 1850 and 1950 at {approx}1200 {+-} 200 Tg/yr. It was only after World War II that biofuel use began to increase more rapidly in response to population growth in the developing world. Between 1950 and 2000, biofuel use in Africa, South Asia, and Southeast Asia grew by 170%, 160%, and 130%, respectively.

Fernandes, S. D.; Trautmann, N. M.; Streets, D. G.; Roden, C. A.; Bond, T. C.; Decision and Information Sciences; Univ. of Illinois

2007-05-30T23:59:59.000Z

350

The $230-billion Global Lighting Energy Bill ? Evan Mills, Ph.D. International Association for Energy-Efficient Lighting  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This paper presents the first global estimate of lighting energy use, costs, and associated greenhouse-gas emissions. Based on a compilation of estimates for 41 countries representing approximately 63 % of the worlds population, we develop a model for predicting lighting electricity use for other countries where data are lacking. The corresponding lighting-related electricity production for the year 1997 is 2016 TWh (21103 Petajoules), equal to the output of about 1000 electric power plants, and valued at about $185 billion per year. Global lighting electricity use is distributed approximately 28 % to the residential sector, 48 % to the service sector, 16 % to the industrial sector, and 8 % to street and other lighting. The corresponding carbon dioxide emissions are 1775 million metric tonnes per year. Lighting electricity demand in the 23 International Energy Agency (IEA) countries represents approximately half of the worlds total lighting use. Our parallel examination of global fuel-based household lighting suggests that it represents an amount of primary energy of 3600 PJ ($48 billion), equal to 115 % of that used to provide household electric lighting in all IEA countries, and 244 MT carbon dioxide emissions. Although one in three people obtain light with kerosene and other fuels, representing about 20 % of global lighting costs, they receive 0.2 % of the resulting lighting energy services. While collecting end-use energy data is arguably not a high national priority in most countries, this lack of attention is particularly problematic in this instance given that lighting is usually a preferred target for energy savings campaigns and policies. Without such data, precise scenarios of future lighting electricity demand cannot be developed. Improved work in this area seems merited given our estimated global savings potential of $75 to 115 billion/year.

unknown authors

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

351

GTZ Global Energy Program | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

GTZ Global Energy Program GTZ Global Energy Program Jump to: navigation, search Logo: GTZ Global Energy Program Name GTZ Global Energy Program Agency/Company /Organization GTZ Sector Energy Focus Area Energy Efficiency, Renewable Energy Topics Background analysis Website http://www.gtz.de/en/praxis/95 Program Start 2008 Program End 2012 References GTZ projects [1] GTZ is working globally with countries on supply of energy technologies and services to households, SME and public utility institutions. Key products include access to modern energy services and promotion of new technologies. References ↑ "GTZ projects" Retrieved from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=GTZ_Global_Energy_Program&oldid=328691" Category: Programs What links here Related changes

352

Prospects for the development of advanced reactors  

SciTech Connect

Energy supply is an important prerequisite for further socio-economic development, especially in developing countries where the per capita energy use is only a very small fraction of that in industrialized countries. Nuclear energy is an essentially unlimited energy resource with the potential to provide this energy in the form of electricity, district heat and process heat under environmentally acceptable conditions. However, this potential will be realized only if nuclear power plants can meet the challenges of increasingly demanding safety requirements, economic competitiveness and public acceptance. Worldwide a tremendous amount of experience has been accumulated during development, licensing, construction and operation of nuclear power reactors. The experience forms a sound basis for further improvements. Nuclear programmes in many countries are addressing the development of advanced reactors which are intended to have better economics, higher reliability and improved safety in order to overcome the current concerns of nuclear power. Advanced reactors now being developed could help to meet the demand for new plants in developed and developing countries, not only for electricity generation, but also for district heating, desalination and for process heat. The IAEA, as the only global international governmental organization dealing with nuclear power, promotes international information exchange and international co-operation between all countries with their own advanced nuclear power programmes and offers assistance to countries with an interest in exploratory or research programmes.

Semenov, B.A.; Kupitz, J.; Cleveland, J. [International Atomic Energy Agency Vienna (Austria). Dept. of Nuclear Energy and Safety

1992-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

353

Global Fuel Economy Initiative Auto Fuel Efficiency ToolSet | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Global Fuel Economy Initiative Auto Fuel Efficiency ToolSet Global Fuel Economy Initiative Auto Fuel Efficiency ToolSet Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: Global Fuel Economy Initiative Auto Fuel Efficiency ToolSet Agency/Company /Organization: FIA Foundation, International Energy Agency, International Transport Forum, United Nations Environment Programme Focus Area: Vehicles Topics: Best Practices Website: www.unep.org/transport/gfei/autotool/ This tool is designed to provide policymakers and interested individuals and groups with overviews of policy tools and approaches to improving fleet-wide automobile fuel efficiency and promote lower CO2 and non-CO2 emissions from cars, along with case studies that depict these approaches from developed and developing countries. How to Use This Tool

354

High Country Energy | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

High Country Energy High Country Energy Place Kasson, Minnesota Zip MN 55944 Sector Wind energy Product Developing a planned 300MW wind project in Dodge and Olmsted countries, Minnesota. Coordinates 44.02676°, -92.748254° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":44.02676,"lon":-92.748254,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

355

Potential markets for small coal-fired combustors in OECD countries: Country screening  

SciTech Connect

This report examines potential for use of US-developed advanced coal technology (ACT) for small combustor applications in foreign markets, in particular, the member countries of the Organization of Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD). After screening out OECD countries were evaluated on eight important factors favoring use of US ACT, including: the energy plan and/or situation; oil/gas import dependency; coal experience; residential/commercial energy demand; industrial energy demand; trade relations with the United States; lack of domestic competition in the country to US ACT manufacturers; and environmental pressure for use of advanced technology. Statistical and other information was gathered to support each country's rating---high, medium-high, low-medium, or low---for each factor. The country/factor ratings were then used to group the countries into categories indicating their relative potential as markets were found to exist in Spain, Italy, Turkey, Greece, and Canada. It was recommended that Spain, Italy, and Turkey be the subject of future studies, in which more detailed analysis will be made. 23 refs., 1 fig., 2 tabs.

1988-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

356

Global Circuit Model with Clouds  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Cloud data from the International Satellite Cloud Climatology Project (ISCCP) database have been introduced into the global circuit model developed by Tinsley and Zhou. Using the cloud-top pressure data and cloud type information, the authors ...

Limin Zhou; Brian A. Tinsley

2010-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

357

Development of a Global Validation Package for Satellite Oceanic Aerosol Optical Thickness Retrieval Based on AERONET Observations and Its Application to NOAA/NESDIS Operational Aerosol Retrievals  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this paper, a global validation package for satellite aerosol optical thickness retrieval using the Aerosol Robotic Network (AERONET) observations as ground truth is described. To standardize the validation procedure, the optimum timespace ...

Tom X-P. Zhao; Larry L. Stowe; Alexander Smirnov; David Crosby; John Sapper; Charles R. McClain

2002-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

358

Using Economic Input/Output Tables to Predict a Countrys Nuclear Status  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Both nuclear power and nuclear weapons programs should have (related) economic signatures which are detectible at some scale. We evaluated this premise in a series of studies using national economic input/output (IO) data. Statistical discrimination models using economic IO tables predict with a high probability whether a country with an unknown predilection for nuclear weapons proliferation is in fact engaged in nuclear power development or nuclear weapons proliferation. We analyzed 93 IO tables, spanning the years 1993 to 2005 for 37 countries that are either members or associates of the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD). The 2009 OECD input/output tables featured 48 industrial sectors based on International Standard Industrial Classification (ISIC) Revision 3, and described the respective economies in current country-of-origin valued currency. We converted and transformed these reported values to US 2005 dollars using appropriate exchange rates and implicit price deflators, and addressed discrepancies in reported industrial sectors across tables. We then classified countries with Random Forest using either the adjusted or industry-normalized values. Random Forest, a classification tree technique, separates and categorizes countries using a very small, select subset of the 2304 individual cells in the IO table. A nations efforts in nuclear power, be it for electricity or nuclear weapons, are an enterprise with a large economic footprint -- an effort so large that it should discernibly perturb coarse country-level economics data such as that found in yearly input-output economic tables. The neoclassical economic input-output model describes a countrys or regions economy in terms of the requirements of industries to produce the current level of economic output. An IO table row shows the distribution of an industrys output to the industrial sectors while a table column shows the input required of each industrial sector by a given industry.

Weimar, Mark R.; Daly, Don S.; Wood, Thomas W.

2010-07-15T23:59:59.000Z

359

Assess current country plans, policies, practices, and capacities | Open  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Assess current country plans, policies, practices, and capacities Assess current country plans, policies, practices, and capacities Jump to: navigation, search Stage 2 LEDS Home Introduction to Framework Assess current country plans, policies, practices, and capacities Develop_BAU Stage 4: Prioritizing and Planning for Actions Begin execution of implementation plans 1.0. Organizing the LEDS Process 1.1. Institutional Structure for LEDS 1.2. Workplan to Develop the LEDS 1.3. Roles and responsibilities to develop LEDS 2.1. Assess current country plans, policies, practices, and capacities 2.2. Compile lessons learned and good practices from ongoing and previous sustainable development efforts in the country 2.3. Assess public and private sector capacity to support initiatives 2.4. Assess and improve the national GHG inventory and other

360

Global Nuclear Energy Partnership (GNEP) Ministerial Meeting  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

for September 16,2007 for September 16,2007 Global Nuclear Energy Partnership (GNEP) Ministerial Meeting Austria Centre 8:30 - 10:OO a.m. Registration and Badging 10:OO - 11 :30 a.m. Opening Remarks by Participants [Open to the Media] Hall E 1 1 :30 - 1 1 :45 a.m. Break 11 145 - 12:30 p.m. Acceptance of the GNEP Statement of Principles (Signing) Welcome New GNEP Partners Press Conference [Open to the Media] Hall F 12:30 - 1:30 p.m. Lunch [Closed to the Media] 1 :30 - 1 :45 p.m. Break 1 :45 - 2:30 p.m. Session I: Steps That Could be taken by GNEP Partners in Support of a Global Nuclear Fuel Services [Closed to the Media] Hall E 2:30 - 3: 15 p.m. Session 11: Ways That GNEP Can Support Infrastructure Development Needs of Countries Considering Nuclear Power (e.g., nuclear reactor operation and related training,

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "developing countries global" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


361

Problems with packaged sources in foreign countries  

SciTech Connect

The Global Threat Reduction Initiative's (GTRI) Off-Site Source Recovery Project (OSRP), which is administered by the Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL), removes excess, unwanted, abandoned, or orphan radioactive sealed sources that pose a potential threat to national security, public health, and safety. In total, GTRI/OSRP has been able to recover more than 25,000 excess and unwanted sealed sources from over 825 sites. In addition to transuranic sources, the GTRI/OSRP mission now includes recovery of beta/gamma emitting sources, which are of concern to both the U.S. government and the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA). This paper provides a synopsis of cooperative efforts in foreign countries to remove excess and unwanted sealed sources by discussing three topical areas: (1) The Regional Partnership with the International Atomic Energy Agency; (2) Challenges in repatriating sealed sources; and (3) Options for repatriating sealed sources.

Abeyta, Cristy L [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Matzke, James L [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Zarling, John [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Tompkin, J. Andrew [Los Alamos National Laboratory

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

362

Solar: monthly and annual average global horizontal (GHI) GIS data at 10km  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Nepal from DLR Nepal from DLR Dataset Summary Description (Abstract): Data of high resolution (10kmx10km) Global Horizontal Irradiance (GHI) for Nepal for the years 2000, 2002 and 2003. The data are available for monthly and annual sums stored in a ESRI-Shapefile. Please read the country report for additional information. (Purpose): The data are helpful for the assessment of the solar potential of the country and can give project developer a first impression of the solar resource of the country. Source DLR - Deutsches Zentrum für Luft- und Raumfahrt Date Released October 31st, 2004 (10 years ago) Date Updated November 01st, 2007 (7 years ago) Keywords DLR GEF GHI GIS Nepal solar SWERA UNEP Data application/zip icon Download Shapefile (zip, 593.8 KiB) text/csv icon Download Data (csv, 1.2 MiB)

363

Solar: monthly and annual average global horizontal (GHI) GIS data at 10km  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Sri Lanka from DLR Sri Lanka from DLR Dataset Summary Description (Abstract): Data of high resolution (10kmx10km) Global Horizontal Irradiance (GHI) for Sri Lanka for the years 2000, 2002 and 2003. The data are available for monthly and annual sums stored in a ESRI-Shapefile. Please read the country report for additional information. (Purpose): The data are helpful for the assessment of the solar potential of the country and can give project developer a first impression of the solar resource of the country. Source DLR - Deutsches Zentrum für Luft- und Raumfahrt Date Released October 31st, 2004 (10 years ago) Date Updated November 01st, 2007 (7 years ago) Keywords DLR GHI GIS solar Sri Lanka SWERA UNEP Data text/csv icon Download Data (csv, 296.1 KiB) application/zip icon Download Shapefile (zip, 153.7 KiB)

364

Solar: monthly global horizontal (GHI) GIS data at 10km resolution for  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Bangladesh from DLR Bangladesh from DLR Dataset Summary Description (Abstract): Data of high resolution (10kmx10km) Global Horizontal Irradiance (GHI) for Bangladesh for the years 2000, 2002 and 2003. The data are available for monthly and annual sums stored in a ESRI-Shapefile. Please read the country report for additional information. (Purpose): The data are helpful for the assessment of the solar potential of the country and can give project developer a first impression of the solar resource of the country. Source DLR - Deutsches Zentrum für Luft- und Raumfahrt Date Released October 31st, 2004 (10 years ago) Date Updated November 01st, 2007 (7 years ago) Keywords Bangladesh DLR GEF GHI GIS solar SWERA UNEP Data text/csv icon Download Data (csv, 916.5 KiB) application/zip icon Download Shapefile (zip, 479.3 KiB)

365

Solar: monthly and annual average global horizontal (GHI) GIS data at 10km  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

West China from DLR West China from DLR Dataset Summary Description (Abstract): Data of high resolution (10kmx10km) Global Horizontal Irradiance (GHI) for China for the years 2000, 2002 and 2003. The data are available for monthly and annual sums stored in a ESRI-Shapefile. Please read the country report for additional information. (Purpose): The data are helpful for the assessment of the solar potential of the country and can give project developer a first impression of the solar resource of the country. Source DLR - Deutsches Zentrum für Luft- und Raumfahrt Date Released October 31st, 2004 (10 years ago) Date Updated November 01st, 2007 (7 years ago) Keywords China CRED CREIA DLR GHI GIS solar SWERA UNEP Data application/zip icon Download Shapefile (zip, 4.4 MiB) text/csv icon Download Data (csv, 8.9 MiB)

366

Program Program Organization Country Region Topic Sector Sector  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Program Organization Country Region Topic Sector Sector Program Organization Country Region Topic Sector Sector Albania Enhancing Capacity for Low Emission Development Strategies EC LEDS Albania Enhancing Capacity for Low Emission Development Strategies EC LEDS United States Agency for International Development USAID United States Environmental Protection Agency United States Department of Energy United States Department of Agriculture United States Department of State Albania Southern Asia Low emission development planning LEDS Energy Land Climate Algeria Clean Technology Fund CTF Algeria Clean Technology Fund CTF African Development Bank Asian Development Bank European Bank for Reconstruction and Development EBRD Inter American Development Bank IDB World Bank Algeria South Eastern Asia Background analysis Finance Implementation

367

Winners and losers in a world with global warming: Noncooperation, altruism, and social welfare  

SciTech Connect

In this paper, global warming is an asymmetric transboundary externality which benefits some countries or regions and harms others. Few environmental problems have captured the public`s imagination as much and attracted as much scrutiny as global warming. The general perception is that global warming is a net social bad, and that across-the-board abatement of greenhouse gas emissions is therefore desirable. Despite many interesting academic contributions, not all of the basic economics of this phenomenon have been fully worked out. The authors use a simple two-country model to analyze the effects of global warming on resource allocations, the global-warming stock, and national and global welfare.

Caplan, A.J. [Weber State Univ., Ogden, UT (United States). Dept. of Economics; Ellis, C.J.; Silva, E.C.D. [Univ. of Oregon, Eugene, OR (United States). Dept. of Economics

1999-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

368

Renewable Energy Projects in Indian Country | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Renewable Energy Projects in Indian Country Renewable Energy Projects in Indian Country Renewable Energy Projects in Indian Country May 21, 2012 7:45AM MST to May 22, 2012 12:30PM MST Scottsdale, Arizona At the fifth annual Renewable Energy Projects in Indian Country Conference, tribal leaders and professionals will discuss the significant opportunities for energy development in Indian Country, as well as the barriers that tribes must overcome to bring energy projects to fruition. Discussions will include increasing access to private capital, feasibility studies, and how tribes can create sustainable and environmentally responsible economies for the future generations of Indian Country. DOE Office of Indian Energy Director Tracey LeBeau will give the keynote at the conference entitled: "The Next Generation of Indian Energy and

369

Renewable Energy Projects in Indian Country | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Renewable Energy Projects in Indian Country Renewable Energy Projects in Indian Country Renewable Energy Projects in Indian Country March 5, 2012 - 6:27pm Addthis This event will take place May 21-22, 2012, in Scottsdale, Arizona. At the fifth annual Renewable Energy Projects in Indian Country Conference, tribal leaders and professionals will discuss the significant opportunities for energy development in Indian Country, as well as the barriers that tribes must overcome to bring energy projects to fruition. Discussions will include increasing access to private capital, feasibility studies, and how tribes can create sustainable and environmentally responsible economies for the future generations of Indian Country. Learn more and register on the Native Nation Events website. Addthis Related Articles Obama Administration Announces Additional $63,817,400 for Local Energy

370

Renewable Energy Projects in Indian Country | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Renewable Energy Projects in Indian Country Renewable Energy Projects in Indian Country Renewable Energy Projects in Indian Country March 5, 2012 - 6:27pm Addthis This event will take place May 21-22, 2012, in Scottsdale, Arizona. At the fifth annual Renewable Energy Projects in Indian Country Conference, tribal leaders and professionals will discuss the significant opportunities for energy development in Indian Country, as well as the barriers that tribes must overcome to bring energy projects to fruition. Discussions will include increasing access to private capital, feasibility studies, and how tribes can create sustainable and environmentally responsible economies for the future generations of Indian Country. Learn more and register on the Native Nation Events website. Addthis Related Articles Obama Administration Announces Additional $63,817,400 for Local Energy

371

Event:REN21 Renewables 2012 Global Status Report Webinar Series - North  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Calendar.png Calendar.png REN21 Renewables 2012 Global Status Report Webinar Series - North America: on 2012/09/04 REN21's Renewables 2012 Global Status Report (GSR) speaks to the cumulating effect of steady growth in renewable energy markets, support policies and investment over the past years. In 2011, Renewable sources supplied 16.7% of global final energy consumption. The share of modern renewables increased, while the share of traditional biomass slightly declined. 118 countries -more than half in the developing world- implemented RE targets. Investment in renewables increased 17% to a record $257 billion, despite a widening sovereign debt crisis in Europe and rapidly falling prices for renewable power equipment. Photovoltaic module prices dropped by 50% and onshore wind turbines

372

Event:REN21 Renewables 2012 Global Status Report Webinar Series - Africa |  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Calendar.png Calendar.png REN21 Renewables 2012 Global Status Report Webinar Series - Africa: on 2012/09/06 REN21's Renewables 2012 Global Status Report (GSR) speaks to the cumulating effect of steady growth in renewable energy markets, support policies and investment over the past years. In 2011, Renewable sources supplied 16.7% of global final energy consumption. The share of modern renewables increased, while the share of traditional biomass slightly declined. 118 countries -more than half in the developing world- implemented RE targets. Investment in renewables increased 17% to a record $257 billion, despite a widening sovereign debt crisis in Europe and rapidly falling prices for renewable power equipment. Photovoltaic module prices dropped by 50% and onshore wind turbines

373

Event:REN21 Renewables 2012 Global Status Report Webinar Series - European  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

European European Union Jump to: navigation, search Calendar.png REN21 Renewables 2012 Global Status Report Webinar Series - European Union: on 2012/08/31 REN21's Renewables 2012 Global Status Report (GSR) speaks to the cumulating effect of steady growth in renewable energy markets, support policies and investment over the past years. In 2011, Renewable sources supplied 16.7% of global final energy consumption. The share of modern renewables increased, while the share of traditional biomass slightly declined. 118 countries -more than half in the developing world- implemented RE targets. Investment in renewables increased 17% to a record $257 billion, despite a widening sovereign debt crisis in Europe and rapidly falling prices for renewable power equipment. Photovoltaic module prices dropped by 50% and onshore wind turbines

374

Event:REN21 Renewables 2012 Global Status Report Webinar Series -  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Asia/Pacific Asia/Pacific Jump to: navigation, search Calendar.png REN21 Renewables 2012 Global Status Report Webinar Series - Asia/Pacific: on 2012/09/05 REN21's Renewables 2012 Global Status Report (GSR) speaks to the cumulating effect of steady growth in renewable energy markets, support policies and investment over the past years. In 2011, Renewable sources supplied 16.7% of global final energy consumption. The share of modern renewables increased, while the share of traditional biomass slightly declined. 118 countries -more than half in the developing world- implemented RE targets. Investment in renewables increased 17% to a record $257 billion, despite a widening sovereign debt crisis in Europe and rapidly falling prices for renewable power equipment. Photovoltaic module prices dropped by 50% and onshore wind turbines

375

The Global Impact of the Systemic Economies and MENA Business Cycles ?  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This paper analyzes spillovers from macroeconomic shocks in systemic economies (China, the Euro Area, and the United States) to the Middle East and North Africa (MENA) region as well as outward spillovers from a GDP shock in the Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC) countries and MENA oil exporters to the rest of the world. This analysis is based on a Global Vector Autoregression (GVAR) model, estimated for 38 countries/regions over the period 1979Q2 to 2011Q2. Spillovers are transmitted across economies via trade, financial, and commodity price linkages. The results show that the MENA countries are becoming more sensitive to developments in China than to shocks in the Euro Area or the United States, in line with the direction of evolving trade patterns and the emergence of China as a key driver of the global economy. Outward spillovers from the GCC region and MENA oil exporters are likely to be stronger in their immediate geographical proximity, but also have global implications.

Paul Cashin A; Kamiar Mohaddes B; Mehdi Raissi A

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

376

Global biofuel use, 18502000 Suneeta D. Fernandes,1  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Global biofuel use, 1850­2000 Suneeta D. Fernandes,1 Nina M. Trautmann,1 David G. Streets,1 February 2007; published 30 May 2007. [1] This paper presents annual, country-level estimates of biofuel use for the period 1850­2000. We estimate that global biofuel consumption rose from about 1000 Tg

Wisconsin at Madison, University of

377

WEB RESOURCE: Global Nuclear Energy Partnership - TMS  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Feb 16, 2007 ... This site provides general news and information on the Global Nuclear Energy Partnership, a U.S. initiative that seeks to develop worldwide...

378

ARTICLES: Global Nuclear Energy Partnership - TMS  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Jan 4, 2008 ... The Global Nuclear Energy Partnership (GNEP) was established to be an equal and voluntary international partnership for developing nuclear...

379

Contour Global L P | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

in under-served markets, such as that for renewable energy technologies and Combined Heat and Power (CHP), within developed economics. References Contour Global L.P.1...

380

Global Climate Data  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Data Data The climate data at the ORNL DAAC are used primarily as driving variables in terrestrial biogeochemistry models. These models typically use data on temperature (min,max), precipitation, humidity (relative humidity, vapor pressure deficit, dew point), radiation (PFD in PAR, shortwave, direct/diffuse, and UV radiation, daylength), and wind velocity. Climate / meteorology data are required at hourly to monthly time scales, either point or gridded, at spatial scales ranging from regional to continental to global. The ORNL DAAC currently distributes climate data from several related projects: VEMAP-1 Hydroclimatology, and Global Historical Climatology Network. We are also now distributing climate data developed at the East Anglia Climate Research Unit and the Potsdam Institute for Climate Research.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "developing countries global" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


381

Global Insight Energy Group  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Outlook Outlook Mary Novak Managing Director IHS Global Insight Copyright © 2010 IHS Global Insight, Inc. Overview: Energy Sector Transformation Underway * The recession has hit energy demand hard, and aggregate energy demand is not expected to return to 2007 levels until 2018. * Oil and natural gas prices will both rise over the long-term, but the price trends will diverge with natural gas prices rising slowly due to the development of shale gas. * This forecast does not include a GHG cap-and-trade program. However, it is assumed that there will be continued improvement in equipment, appliance and building efficiencies that will reduce carbon emissions relative to past projections. * The forecast also includes the more than 30 state- level programs to increase efficiency and reduce

382

Has the world economy reached its globalization limit?  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The economy globalization measure problem is discussed. Four macroeconomic indices of twenty among the "richest" countries are examined. Four types of "distances" are calculated.Two types of networks are next constructed for each distance measure definition. It is shown that the globalization process can be best characterised by an entropy measure, based on entropy Manhattan distance. It is observed that a globalization maximum was reached in the interval 1970-2000. More recently a deglobalization process is observed.

Miskiewicz, Janusz

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

383

Global Direct Cost of Corrosion  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Table 8   Country-specific direct cost of corrosion for the year 2004...Basque region 1988 Pesetas, 75 100.00 0.75 1.9977 1.5 Czechoslovakia 1998 Koruna, 31.816 (f) 29.8600 1.0655 1.1006 1.17 Netherlands 1969 Guilders, 0.51441 3.6340 0.1416 8.2103 1.16 Sweden 1967 Kroner, 1 5.0000 0.2000 3.0284 0.61 Finland 1965 Markka, 0.175 (g) 3.2110 0.0545 2.0995 0.11 Global...

384

Table: The Impacts of Globalization on French Cuisine  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Cuisine is an important aspect of the French culture that has been developing for centuries. It is internationally known and considered by some to be the best in the world. However, as a result of globalization, the increasingly interconnectedness of the world, la cuisine has been affected both positively and negatively. On one hand, the French are witnessing rapidly increasing obesity rates across the country as they are turning to places like McDonalds instead of the more refined and truly French options available to them. In addition, wine consumption rates have decreased within the country, while, at the same time, there has been an increase in cases of binge-drinking and underage drinking. However, it has encouraged famous French chefs to become more innovative in order to maintain competitiveness with up and coming chefs from other parts of the world. Advances in technology have also aided in the ability of using fresh, new ingredients that are not grown locally. It has also allowed for considerable cultural exchange. Overall, effects of globalization have created changes within the French culture that are affecting people all over the world.

Garvey, Nikki L.

2010-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

385

Productivity Differences Between and Within Countries  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We document substantial within-country (cross-municipality) differences in incomes for a large number of countries in the Americas. A significant fraction of the within-country differences cannot be explained by observed ...

Acemoglu, Daron

386

Countries Last Updated: July 22, 2013  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Countries Last Updated: July 22, 2013 full report EIA estimates that Organization of the Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC), not including Iran, earned about $ ...

387

The impact and potential role of multinational corporations in achieving sustainability in Latin American countries  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This thesis aims to assess the activities and influence of automotive multinational corporations (MNCs) in developing countries as it relates to the concept of "total sustainability" within three countries: Argentina, ...

Atencio, Charles V. (Charles Victor)

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

388

Country Energy Profile, South Africa  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This country energy profile provides energy and economic information about South Africa. Areas covered include: Economics, demographics, and environment; Energy situation; Energy structure; Energy investment opportunities; Department of Energy (DOE) programs in South Africa; and a listing of International aid to South Africa.

NONE

1995-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

389

THE GLOBAL NUCLEAR ENERGY PARTNERSHIP:  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

GLOBAL NUCLEAR ENERGY PARTNERSHIP: GLOBAL NUCLEAR ENERGY PARTNERSHIP: Greater Energy Security in a Cleaner, Safer World The Global Nuclear Energy Partnership (GNEP) is a comprehensive strategy to increase U.S. and global energy security, encourage clean development around the world, reduce the risk of nuclear proliferation, and improve the environment. A plentiful, reliable supply of energy is the cornerstone of sustained economic growth and prosperity. Nuclear power is the only proven technology that can provide abundant supplies of base load electricity reliably and without air pollution or emissions of greenhouse gasses. In order to help meet growing demand for energy at home and encourage the growth of prosperity around the globe, GNEP provides for the safe, extensive expansion of clean nuclear power.

390

Building MRV Standards and Capacity in Key Countries | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

MRV Standards and Capacity in Key Countries MRV Standards and Capacity in Key Countries Jump to: navigation, search Name Building MRV Standards and Capacity in Key Countries Agency/Company /Organization World Resources Institute (WRI) Sector Climate Focus Area Renewable Energy Topics Implementation Website http://www.wri.org/topics/mrv Program Start 2011 Program End 2014 Country Brazil, Colombia, Ethiopia, India, South Africa, Thailand South America, South America, Eastern Africa, Southern Asia, Southern Africa, South-Eastern Asia References World Resources Institute (WRI)[1] Program Overview Developing countries will be required to measure, report, and verify (MRV) mitigation actions according to international guidelines, but few have the capacity to do so. The goal of this project is to build the capacity of a

391

The energy situation in five Central American countries  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

This study describes the energy resources and the changes that have taken place in energy supply and demand in five Central American countries between 1970 and 1984. Economic changes are also reviewed because they influence and are affected by changes in the energy sector. The work was performed under the auspices of the US Agency for International Development. The Central American countries of Costa Rica, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, and Panama are highly dependent on fuel wood as a source of energy, particularly in the residential sector. They also rely upon imported oil products to supply a growing modern sector. Most countries have significant hydroelectric and geothermal resources, and most countries produce a large portion of their electricity from hydroelectric projects. Demand for electricity has grown rapidly. Relative shares of primary versus secondary energy in the five countries vary significantly and strongly correlate with average per capita income. Consumption of secondary energy has declined during the recent economic recession suffered by the region.

Trocki, L.; Booth, S.R.; Umana Q, A.

1987-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

392

Global Fuel Economy Initiative | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Global Fuel Economy Initiative Global Fuel Economy Initiative Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary Name: Global Fuel Economy Initiative Agency/Company /Organization: FIA Foundation, International Energy Agency, International Transport Forum, United Nations Environment Programme Focus Area: Fuels & Efficiency Topics: Best Practices Website: www.globalfueleconomy.org/ The Global Fuel Economy Initiative has launched the 50by50 challenge to facilitate large reductions of greenhouse gas emissions and oil use through improvements in automotive fuel economy. The website provides access to working papers, a map showing countries with fuel economy standards, and other related information. How to Use This Tool This tool is most helpful when using these strategies: Avoid - Cut the need for travel

393

Building Technologies Office: Global Superior Energy Performance  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Global Superior Energy Performance Partnership Global Superior Energy Performance Partnership Graphic of Global Superior Energy Performance working groups, including energy management led by the United States, power led by Japan, combined heat and power led by Finland, steel led by Japan, cool roofs led by the United states, and cement led by Japan. GSEP, a multi-country effort to create and coordinate nationally accredited energy performance certification programs, comprises a number of working groups. Credit: DOE The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) supports the Superior Energy Performance (SEP) program, which provides industrial facilities and commercial buildings a framework for achieving continual improvement in energy efficiency while maintaining market competitiveness. SEP aims to provide a transparent, globally accepted system for energy management and continuous energy performance improvement.

394

Cosmic global strings  

SciTech Connect

This paper discusses the following topics: Global Strings; The Gravitational field of a straight global string; How do global strings behave The axion cosmological energy density; Computer simulations of the motion and decay of global strings; and Electromagnetic radiation from the conversion of Nambu-Goldstone bosons in astrophysical magnetic fields.

Sikivie, P. (Florida Univ., Gainesville, FL (USA). Dept. of Physics)

1990-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

395

Kenya-Developing Energy Enterprises Project (DEEP) | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Kenya-Developing Energy Enterprises Project (DEEP) Kenya-Developing Energy Enterprises Project (DEEP) Jump to: navigation, search Logo: Kenya-Developing Energy Enterprises Project (DEEP) Name Kenya-Developing Energy Enterprises Project (DEEP) Agency/Company /Organization Global Village Energy Partnership (GVEP) International Partner European Union (EU), the Netherlands Sector Energy Focus Area Non-renewable Energy, Economic Development, Grid Assessment and Integration, Industry, People and Policy Topics Adaptation, Background analysis, Finance, Implementation, Low emission development planning, Market analysis, Policies/deployment programs, Resource assessment Website http://www.gvepinternational.o Program Start 2008 Program End 2013 Country Kenya Eastern Africa References Developing Energy Enterprises Project (DEEP)[1]

396

Uganda-Developing Energy Enterprises Project (DEEP) | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Uganda-Developing Energy Enterprises Project (DEEP) Uganda-Developing Energy Enterprises Project (DEEP) Jump to: navigation, search Logo: Uganda-Developing Energy Enterprises Project (DEEP) Name Uganda-Developing Energy Enterprises Project (DEEP) Agency/Company /Organization Global Village Energy Partnership (GVEP) International Partner European Union (EU), the Netherlands Sector Energy Focus Area Non-renewable Energy, Economic Development, Grid Assessment and Integration, Industry, People and Policy Topics Adaptation, Background analysis, Finance, Implementation, Low emission development planning, Market analysis, Policies/deployment programs, Resource assessment Website http://www.gvepinternational.o Program Start 2008 Program End 2013 Country Uganda Eastern Africa References Developing Energy Enterprises Project (DEEP)[1]

397

Tanzania-Developing Energy Enterprises Project (DEEP) | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Tanzania-Developing Energy Enterprises Project (DEEP) Tanzania-Developing Energy Enterprises Project (DEEP) Jump to: navigation, search Logo: Tanzania-Developing Energy Enterprises Project (DEEP) Name Tanzania-Developing Energy Enterprises Project (DEEP) Agency/Company /Organization Global Village Energy Partnership (GVEP) International Partner European Union (EU), the Netherlands Sector Energy Focus Area Non-renewable Energy, Economic Development, Grid Assessment and Integration, Industry, People and Policy Topics Adaptation, Background analysis, Finance, Implementation, Low emission development planning, Market analysis, Policies/deployment programs, Resource assessment Website http://www.gvepinternational.o Program Start 2008 Program End 2013 Country Tanzania Eastern Africa References Developing Energy Enterprises Project (DEEP)[1]

398

Think Green Global Inc | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Think Green Global Inc Think Green Global Inc Jump to: navigation, search Name Think Green Global, Inc. Place New York, New York Zip 10010 Sector Renewable Energy Product New York-based investment bank and strategic development firm that is dedicated to enhancing the growth of renewable energy and clean technology companies. References Think Green Global, Inc.[1] LinkedIn Connections CrunchBase Profile No CrunchBase profile. Create one now! This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by expanding it. Think Green Global, Inc. is a company located in New York, New York . References ↑ "Think Green Global, Inc." Retrieved from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=Think_Green_Global_Inc&oldid=352225" Categories: Clean Energy Organizations Companies Organizations

399

Improved Reconstruction of Global Precipitation since 1900  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

An improved landocean global monthly precipitation anomaly reconstruction is developed for the period beginning in 1900. Reconstructions use the available historical data and statistics developed from the modern satellite-sampled period to ...

Thomas M. Smith; Phillip A. Arkin; Li Ren; Samuel S. P. Shen

2012-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

400

Clean Energy Producing and Exporting Countries  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This paper presents a theoretical discussion of policy making in the energy industry that adopt policy theories to develop strategies for better energy management. The paper aims to present the applicability of existing policies as methods of management and control of energy in its industry, underlying the importance of OPECs role with reference to the EU, US and the Far East. Initial findings suggest that further research is needed to help identify the necessary strategies for an international organization. OPEC is proposed as a starting point for these investigations. Further study into developing an organization to allow for international producers and consumers needs is also needed. Questions regarding the need for such an organization, with best fitting structure are being investigated. The model developed will be presented to various Natural Gas producing countries such as Iran, Iraq, Russia, and Saudi to name a few and will ultimately be set up the same way that OPEC was.

Atighetchi, K.

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "developing countries global" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


401

(Chemistry of the global atmosphere)  

SciTech Connect

The traveler attended the conference The Chemistry of the Global Atmosphere,'' and presented a paper on the anthropogenic emission of carbon dioxide (CO{sub 2}) to the atmosphere. The conference included meetings of the International Global Atmospheric Chemistry (IGAC) programme, a core project of the International Geosphere/Biosphere Programme (IGBP) and the traveler participated in meetings on the IGAC project Development of Global Emissions Inventories'' and agreed to coordinate the working group on CO{sub 2}. Papers presented at the conference focused on the latest developments in analytical methods, modeling and understanding of atmospheric CO{sub 2}, CO, CH{sub 4}, N{sub 2}O, SO{sub 2}, NO{sub x}, NMHCs, CFCs, and aerosols.

Marland, G.

1990-09-27T23:59:59.000Z

402

THE COMPENSATION CONVENTION: PATH TO A GLOBAL REGIME FOR DEALING WITH LEGAL  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

THE COMPENSATION CONVENTION: PATH TO A GLOBAL REGIME FOR DEALING THE COMPENSATION CONVENTION: PATH TO A GLOBAL REGIME FOR DEALING WITH LEGAL LIABILITY AND COMPENSATION FOR NUCLEAR DAMAGE THE COMPENSATION CONVENTION: PATH TO A GLOBAL REGIME FOR DEALING WITH LEGAL LIABILITY AND COMPENSATION FOR NUCLEAR DAMAGE The adoption of the Convention on Supplementary Compensation for Nuclear Damage (Compensation Convention) opens a new chapter in international nuclear liability law. The Compensation Convention provides the world community with the opportunity to deal with legal liability and compensation for nuclear damage through a global regime that includes all countries that operate nuclear powerplants (nuclear power generating countries) and most countries that do not operate nuclear powerplants (nonnuclear power generating countries). Such a global regime can remove

403

Countries - U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Bold* indicates a country with a Country Analysis Brief. Asterisk only indicates Country Analysis Note. All countries listed below have data. North America. Bermuda

404

Liquefied Natural Gas: Global Challenges (released in AEO2008)  

Reports and Publications (EIA)

U.S. imports of LNG in 2007 were more than triple the 2000 total, and they are expected to grow in the long term as North Americas conventional natural gas production declines. With U.S. dependence on LNG imports increasing, competitive forces in the international markets for natural gas in general and LNG in particular will play a larger role in shaping the U.S. market for LNG. Key factors currently shaping the future of the global LNG market include the evolution of project economics, worldwide demand for natural gas, government policies that affect the development and use of natural resources in countries with LNG facilities, and changes in seasonal patterns of LNG trade.

Information Center

2008-06-26T23:59:59.000Z

405

Global Natural Gas Market Trends, 2. edition  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The report provides an overview of major trends occurring in the natural gas industry and includes a concise look at the drivers behind recent rapid growth in gas usage and the challenges faced in meeting that growth. Topics covered include: an overview of Natural Gas including its history, the current market environment, and its future market potential; an analysis of the overarching trends that are driving a need for change in the Natural Gas industry; a description of new technologies being developed to increase production of Natural Gas; an evaluation of the potential of unconventional Natural Gas sources to supply the market; a review of new transportation methods to get Natural Gas from producing to consuming countries; a description of new storage technologies to support the increasing demand for peak gas; an analysis of the coming changes in global Natural Gas flows; an evaluation of new applications for Natural Gas and their impact on market sectors; and, an overview of Natural Gas trading concepts and recent changes in financial markets.

NONE

2007-07-15T23:59:59.000Z

406

Global production through 2005  

SciTech Connect

Two companion studies released recently should provide great food for thought among geo-political strategists and various national governments. If predictions contained in these Petroconsultants studies of oil and gas production trends for the next 10 years are realized, there will be great repercussions for net exporters and importers, alike. After analyzing and predicting trends within each of the world`s significant producing nations for the 1996--2005 period, the crude oil and condensate report concludes tat global production will jump nearly 24%. By contrast, worldwide gas output will leap 40%. The cast of characters among producers and exporters that will benefit from these increases varies considerably for each fuel. On the oil side, Russia and the OPEC members, particularly the Persian Gulf nations, will be back in the driver`s seat in terms of affecting export and pricing patterns. On the gas side, the leading producers will be an interesting mix of mostly non-OPEC countries. The reemergence of Persian Gulf oil producers, coupled with an anticipated long-term decline among top non-OPEC producing nations should present a sobering picture to government planners within large net importers, such as the US. They are likely to find themselves in much the same supply trap as was experienced in the 1970s, only this time the dependence on foreign oil supplies will be much worse. Gas supplies will not be similarly constrained, and some substitution for oil is probable. Here, two articles, ``World oil industry is set for transition`` and ``Worldwide gas surges forward in next decade,`` present a summary of the findings detailed in Petroconsultants` recent studies.

Foreman, N.E. [Petroconsultants, Inc., Houston, TX (United States)

1996-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

407

EIA - International Energy Outlook 2009-Gas Exporting Countries Forum: What  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Gas Exporting Countries Forum: What Is GECF and What Is Its Objective? Gas Exporting Countries Forum: What Is GECF and What Is Its Objective? International Energy Outlook 2009 Gas Exporting Countries Forum: What Is GECF and What Is Its Objective? The Gas Exporting Countries Forum (GECF) was established in 2001, with the objective of generating “tangible cooperation among gas producing and exporting countries.”a In May 2001, 10 countries attended the first Ministerial Meeting of the GECF in Tehran, Iran,band since then it has held ministerial-level meetings almost every year. The membership has fluctuated from year to year, because the forum has had no formal structure, no membership requirements, and no dues.c Topics discussed under the auspices of the GECF have included the structure of the organization, new regulatory policies in consuming countries, development of a natural gas supply and demand model, and various studies to be conducted for the benefit of the membership.d

408

Brazil Global Horizontal Solar Radiation Model (40km) from INPE | OpenEI  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

40km) from INPE 40km) from INPE Dataset Summary Description (Abstract): Global horizontal solar radiation in kWh/m2/day for 1 year organized into cells with 40km x 40km (Purpose): To provide a set of consistent, reliable, verifiable, and accessible global data sets for international and in-country investors and other stakeholders (Supplemental Information): The BRASIL-SR model and the SPRING software (both developed by INPE - National Institute for Space Research) were used to produce the dataset and SHAPE files. The assessment of reliability levels of the BRASIL-SR model were performed through the evaluation of the deviations shown by the estimated values for solar radiation flux vis-à-vis the values measured at the surface (ground truth). This evaluation was done in two phases. The first phase consisted in an inter-comparison between the core radiation transfer models adopted by the SWERA Project to map the solar energy in the various countries participating in the project. The HELIOSAT model took art in this phase like benchmark due to its employment to map solar energy resources in countries from European Union. In the second phase, the solar flux estimates provided by the BRASIL-SR model were compared with measured values acquired at several solarimetric stations spread along the Brazilian territory.

409

Review: Globalization of Water  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Review: Globalization of Water: Sharing the PlanetsAshok K. Globalization of Water: Sharing the Planets140) liters of virtual water (p. 15). This is one of the

Tennant, Matthew Aaron

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

410

IRENA launches global atlas of renewable energy potential | OpenEI  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

IRENA launches global atlas of renewable energy potential IRENA launches global atlas of renewable energy potential Home > Groups > Utility Rate Graham7781's picture Submitted by Graham7781(2002) Super contributor 11 February, 2013 - 15:18 data Global Atlas IRENA OpenEI Renewable Energy Solar Wind The International Renewable Energy Agency (IRENA) recently launched the Global Atlas project in January, bringing robust tools and maps of renewable energy potential to your fingertips. OpenEI is also involved, serving as a portal to the IRENA global atlas on our platform. The aim of the platform is to give users a comprehensive look at global renewable energy resources so that informed decisions can be made about a cost-effective combination of technologies country-by-country, as well as whether a particular country has the market to make benefit from

411

Global Security 2009  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Security *Intelligence *Hyper Innovation Global Security Weapons & Complex Integration NIF Office of Strategic Outcomes Operations & Business Lawrence Livermore National...

412

Global warming: A Northwest perspective  

SciTech Connect

The Northwest Power Planning Council convened a symposium in Olympia, Washington, on the subject of global climate change ( the greenhouse effect'') and its potential for affecting the Pacific Northwest. The symposium was organized in response to a need by the Power Council to understand global climate change and its potential impacts on resource planning and fish and wildlife planning for the region, as well as a need to understand national policy developing toward climate change and the Pacific Northwest's role in it. 40 figs., 15 tabs.

Scott, M.J.; Counts, C.A. (eds.)

1990-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

413

Global Volunteer Observing Ship (VOS) Program Data  

DOE Data Explorer (OSTI)

CDIAC provides data management support for the Global Volunteer Observing Ship (VOS) Program. The VOS project is coordinated by the UNESCO International Ocean Carbon Coordination Project (IOCCP). The international groups from 14 countries have been outfitting research ships and commercial vessels with automated CO2 sampling equipment to analyze the carbon exchange between the ocean and atmosphere. [copied from http://cdiac.ornl.gov/oceans/genInfo.html] CDIAC provides a map interface with the shipping routes of the 14 countries involved marked in different colors. Clicking on the ship's name on that route brings up information about the vessel, the kinds of measurements collected and the timeframe, links to project pages, and, most important, the links to the data files themselves. The 14 countries are: United States, United Kingdom, Japan, France, Germany, Australia, Canada, Spain, Norway, New Zealand, China (including Taiwan), Iceland, and the Netherlands. Both archived and current, underway data can be accessed from the CDIAC VOS page.

414

Bringing a Range of Supported Mitigation Activities in Selected Countries  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Bringing a Range of Supported Mitigation Activities in Selected Countries Bringing a Range of Supported Mitigation Activities in Selected Countries to the Next Level Jump to: navigation, search Name Bringing a Range of Supported Mitigation Activities in Selected Countries to the Next Level Agency/Company /Organization Energy Research Centre of the Netherlands (ECN), Ecofys Sector Climate Focus Area Renewable Energy, Agriculture, People and Policy Topics Low emission development planning, Policies/deployment programs Website http://www.ecn.nl/docs/library Program Start 2011 Program End 2014 Country Chile, Indonesia, Kenya, Peru, Tunisia South America, South-Eastern Asia, Eastern Africa, South America, Northern Africa References ECN[1] Ecofys[2] Program Overview This project runs from March 2012 to December 2014, and is a collaboration

415

Solar: monthly and annual average global horizontal (GHI) GIS data at 10km  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Ethiopia from DLR Ethiopia from DLR Dataset Summary Description (Abstract): Data of high resolution (10kmx10km) Global Horizontal Irradiance (GHI) for Ethiopia for the years 2000, 2001 and 2002. The data are available for monthly and annual sums stored in a ESRI-Shapefile. Please read the documentation file for additional information. (Purpose): The data are helpful for the assessment of the solar potential of the country and can give project developer a first impression of the solar resource of the country. Source DLR - Deutsches Zentrum für Luft- und Raumfahrt Date Released October 31st, 2004 (10 years ago) Date Updated November 01st, 2007 (7 years ago) Keywords DLR Ethiopia GEF GHI GIS solar SWERA UNEP Data application/zip icon Download Shapefile (zip, 2.8 MiB) text/csv icon Download Data (csv, 5.6 MiB)

416

Solar: monthly and annual average global horizontal (GHI) GIS data at 10km  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Kenya from DLR Kenya from DLR Dataset Summary Description (Abstract): Data of high resolution (10kmx10km) Global Horizontal Irradiance (GHI) for Kenya for the years 2000, 2001 and 2002. The data are available for monthly and annual sums stored in a ESRI-Shapefile. Please read the documentation file for additional information. (Purpose): The data are helpful for the assessment of the solar potential of the country and can give project developer a first impression of the solar resource of the country. Source DLR - Deutsches Zentrum für Luft- und Raumfahrt Date Released October 31st, 2004 (10 years ago) Date Updated November 01st, 2007 (7 years ago) Keywords DLR GEF GHI GIS Kenya NREL solar SWERA UNEP Data application/zip icon Download Shapefile (zip, 1.3 MiB) text/csv icon Download Data (csv, 2.5 MiB)

417

Solar: monthly and annual average global horizontal (GHI) GIS data at 10km  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Ghana from DLR Ghana from DLR Dataset Summary Description (Abstract): Data of high resolution (10kmx10km) Global Horizontal Irradiance (GHI) for Ghana for the years 2000, 2001 and 2002. The data are available for monthly and annual sums stored in a ESRI-Shapefile. Please read the documentation file for additional information. (Purpose): The data are helpful for the assessment of the solar potential of the country and can give project developer a first impression of the solar resource of the country. Source DLR - Deutsches Zentrum für Luft- und Raumfahrt Date Released October 31st, 2004 (10 years ago) Date Updated November 01st, 2007 (7 years ago) Keywords DLR Ghana GHI GIS solar SWERA UNEP Data application/zip icon Download Shapefile (zip, 504 KiB) text/csv icon Download Data (csv, 1 MiB)

418

Recent Experience of and Prospects for High-Speed Rail in Korea: Implications of a Transport System and Regional Development from a Global Perspective  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

for High-Speed Rail in Korea: Implications of a TransportMinistry of Transport Seoul, Korea and Visiting ScholarDevelopment in Korea 13 III.1.

Shin, Dong-Chun

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

419

Bureau for Research and Economic Analysis of Development Estimating the Impact of the Hajj: Religion and Tolerance in Islams Global Gathering  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We estimate the impact on pilgrims of performing the Hajj pilgrimage to Mecca. Our method compares successful and unsuccessful applicants in a lottery used by Pakistan to allocate Hajj visas. Pilgrim accounts stress that the Hajj leads to a feeling of unity with fellow Muslims, but outsiders have sometimes feared that this could be accompanied by antipathy toward non-Muslims. We find that participation in the Hajj increases observance of global Islamic practices such as prayer and fasting while decreasing participation in localized practices and beliefs such as the use of amulets and dowry. It increases belief in equality and harmony among ethnic groups and Islamic sects and leads to more favorable attitudes toward women, including greater acceptance of female education and employment. Increased unity within the Islamic world is not accompanied by antipathy toward non-Muslims. Instead, Hajjis show increased belief in peace, and in equality and harmony among adherents of different religions. The evidence suggests that these changes are more a result of exposure to and interaction with Hajjis from around the world, rather than religious instruction

David Clingingsmith; Asim Ijaz Khwaja; Michael Kremer; David Clingingsmith; Asim Ijaz Khwaja; Michael Kremer

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

420

An Analytical Model of Atmospheric Feedback and Global Temperature Change  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

An analytical model of the globally averaged surface temperature response to changes in radiative forcing induced by greenhouse gases is developed from a time-dependent version of the global energy budget. The model clarifies the role of feedback ...

John A. Dutton

1995-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "developing countries global" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


421

Global Green Energy ApS | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

ApS Jump to: navigation, search Name Global Green Energy ApS Place Aarhus C, Denmark Zip DK- 8000 Sector Wind energy Product Wind farm project developer. References Global Green...

422

Alternative Forms of Humidity Information in Global Data Assimilation  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Global data analysis procedures were developed to perform data assimilation for observed geopotential heights wind components, and relative humidity. These procedures were implemented in conjunction with a global spectral forecast model (GSM) and ...

Donald C. Norquist

1988-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

423

Solar: annual and seasonal average global horizontal (GHI) GIS data  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

global horizontal (GHI) GIS data global horizontal (GHI) GIS data (contours) for Brazil from INPE and LABSOLAR Dataset Summary Description (Abstract): Annual and seasonal mean of Global Horizontal Solar Radiation in kWh/m2/day based on data from 1995 to 2002 (Purpose): To provide a set of consistent, reliable, verifiable, and accessible global data sets for international and in-country investors and other stakeholders (Supplemental Information): The cross-calibration process worked with data from 3 ground stations: Caicó (located in the Northeast of Brazil), Florianópolis (located in the South) and Balbina (located in Amazonia). These data have been used for validation and comparison of radiation transfer models operated in SWERA to estimate the incidence of solar radiation on the surface of the country from satellite images

424

Coal mine methane global review  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This is the second edition of the Coal Mine Methane Global Overview, updated in the summer of 2008. This document contains individual, comprehensive profiles that characterize the coal and coal mine methane sectors of 33 countries - 22 methane to market partners and an additional 11 coal-producing nations. The executive summary provides summary tables that include statistics on coal reserves, coal production, methane emissions, and CMM projects activity. An International Coal Mine Methane Projects Database accompanies this overview. It contains more detailed and comprehensive information on over two hundred CMM recovery and utilization projects around the world. Project information in the database is updated regularly. This document will be updated annually. Suggestions for updates and revisions can be submitted to the Administrative Support Group and will be incorporate into the document as appropriate.

NONE

2008-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

425

Non Annex B Countries List  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Non Annex B Countries A, B, C, D, E, F, G, H, I, J, K, L, M, N, O, P, Q, R, S, T, U, V, W, Y, Z A Afghanistan (1949-2007) Albania (1933-2007) Algeria (1900-2007) American Samoa (1954-2007) Angola (1950-2007) Antarctic Fisheries (1970-2007) Antigua & Barbuda (1957-2007) Argentina (1887-2007) Armenia (1992-2007) Aruba (1986-2007) Azerbaijan (1992-2007) B Bahamas (1950-2007) Bahrain (1933-2007) Bangladesh (1972-2007) Barbados (1928-2007) Belarus (1992-2007) Belize (1950-2007) Benin (1958-2007) Bermuda (1950-2007) Bhutan (1970-2007) Bolivia (1928-2007) Bosnia-Herzegovinia (1992-2007) Botswana (1950-2007) Brazil (1901-2007) British Virgin Islands (1957-2007) Brunei (Darussalam) (1930-2007) Burkina Faso (1958-2007) Burundi (1962-2007) C Cambodia (1955-2007) Cameroon (1950-2007)

426

Developing Energy Enterprises Project (DEEP) | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Enterprises Project (DEEP) Enterprises Project (DEEP) Jump to: navigation, search Logo: Developing Energy Enterprises Project (DEEP) Name Developing Energy Enterprises Project (DEEP) Agency/Company /Organization Global Village Energy Partnership (GVEP) International Partner European Union (EU), the Netherlands Sector Energy Focus Area Non-renewable Energy, Economic Development, Grid Assessment and Integration, Industry, People and Policy Topics Adaptation, Background analysis, Finance, Implementation, Low emission development planning, Market analysis, Policies/deployment programs, Resource assessment Website http://www.gvepinternational.o Program Start 2008 Program End 2013 Country Kenya, Tanzania, Uganda Eastern Africa, Eastern Africa, Eastern Africa References Developing Energy Enterprises Project (DEEP)[1]

427

Global Climate Change Links  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Global Climate Change Links Global Climate Change Links This page provides links to web pages that we at CDIAC feel do a responsible job of presenting information and discussion pertinent to the science behind the global climate change ("global warming") debate. These sites include those on both sides of the debate; some asserting that global warming is a clear and present danger, and others that might be labeled global warming "skeptics." Some of these sites don't take a position per se; they exist to offer the public objective scientific information and results on our present understanding of the climate system. The list is not intended to be comprehensive, by any means. We hope it will be especially helpful for those who may be just beginning their research into global

428

Low-Carbon Growth Country Studies: Getting Started Experience from Six  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Low-Carbon Growth Country Studies: Getting Started Experience from Six Low-Carbon Growth Country Studies: Getting Started Experience from Six Countries Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: Low-Carbon Growth Country Studies: Getting Started Experience from Six Countries Agency/Company /Organization: Energy Sector Management Assistance Program of the World Bank Sector: Energy, Land Topics: Low emission development planning Resource Type: Lessons learned/best practices Website: prod-http-80-800498448.us-east-1.elb.amazonaws.com//w/images/d/d1/LCCG Country: China, Indonesia, Poland, Mexico, South Africa, India Eastern Asia, South-Eastern Asia, Eastern Europe, Central America, Southern Africa, Southern Asia References: Low-Carbon Growth Country Studies: Getting Started Experience from Six Countries[1]

429

A Global Land System Framework for Integrated Climate-Change Assessments  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Land ecosystems play a major role in the global cycles of energy, water, carbon and nutrients. A Global Land System (GLS) framework has been developed for the Integrated Global Systems Model Version 2 (IGSM2) to simulate ...

Schlosser, C. Adam

430

Wrestling with Ssireum: Korean Folk Game vs. Globalization  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Ssireum is a Korean form of grappling. Wrestlers grip sashes that are looped around their opponent's waist and thigh while competing inside a sand circle with the goal of making any part of their opponent's body above the knee touch the ground. In Korea ssireum is understood to be a national sport developed during the countrys modernization in the early 20th century that has origins as a thousands-of-years-old folk game. By the start of 21st century ssireum's popularity had waned and a once prosperous professional league collapsed. The effects of globalization are frequently cited as the cause. However, the sport continues to be played at various levels throughout the public education system in addition to semi-pro and amateur leagues. This dissertation asks the question, "What does it mean collectively to play ssireum?" The answer comes from fifteen months of participant observation and interviews in Korea's collegiate ssireum league. The goal is to establish the first major body of academic information about ssireum and to place it within the larger cultural context of contemporary Korean society. Fieldwork data is interpreted using theories drawn from Roger Abrahams, Fredrik Barth, Pierre Bourdieu, and Eric Hobsbawm. Ssireum's ritualized use of symbols appropriated from the past is a means of maintaining the boundaries of an ethnic identity that allows everyone involved to assume they are "playing the same game." Ssireum is a vehicle for negotiating, performing, and evaluating a unique identity. For those involved, playing ssireum makes Koreanness. Ssireum dramatizes a traditional identity which has incorporated distinctly modern ideologies about the world. The relationships of people within ssireum are inextricably linked to existing protocols for social interactions in Korea; recruitment of talent, training regimens, competition events, future careers, and industry solvency could not be maintained otherwise. Globalization, frequently invoked in the rhetoric about ssireum, fills contradictory roles of boogeyman and savior, and misdirects attention away from counterproductive internal processes damaging the industry.

Sparks, Christopher A.

2011-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

431

Countries Gasoline Prices Including Taxes  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Countries (U.S. dollars per gallon, including taxes) Countries (U.S. dollars per gallon, including taxes) Date Belgium France Germany Italy Netherlands UK US 01/13/14 7.83 7.76 7.90 8.91 8.76 8.11 3.68 01/06/14 8.00 7.78 7.94 8.92 8.74 8.09 3.69 12/30/13 NA NA NA NA NA NA 3.68 12/23/13 NA NA NA NA NA NA 3.63 12/16/13 7.86 7.79 8.05 9.00 8.78 8.08 3.61 12/9/13 7.95 7.81 8.14 8.99 8.80 8.12 3.63 12/2/13 7.91 7.68 8.07 8.85 8.68 8.08 3.64 11/25/13 7.69 7.61 8.07 8.77 8.63 7.97 3.65 11/18/13 7.99 7.54 8.00 8.70 8.57 7.92 3.57 11/11/13 7.63 7.44 7.79 8.63 8.46 7.85 3.55 11/4/13 7.70 7.51 7.98 8.70 8.59 7.86 3.61 10/28/13 8.02 7.74 8.08 8.96 8.79 8.04 3.64 10/21/13 7.91 7.71 8.11 8.94 8.80 8.05 3.70 10/14/13 7.88 7.62 8.05 8.87 8.74 7.97 3.69

432

The Global Land Data Assimilation System  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A Global Land Data Assimilation System (GLDAS) has been developed. Its purpose is to ingest satellite- and ground-based observational data products, using advanced land surface modeling and data assimilation techniques, in order to generate ...

M. Rodell; P. R. Houser; U. Jambor; J. Gottschalck; K. Mitchell; C-J. Meng; K. Arsenault; B. Cosgrove; J. Radakovich; M. Bosilovich; J. K. Entin*J. P. Walker; D. Lohmann; D. Toll

2004-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

433

Global Changes of the Water Cycle Intensity  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this study, numerical simulations of the twentieth-century climate are evaluated, focusing on the changes in the intensity of the global water cycle. A new model diagnostic of atmospheric water vapor cycling rate is developed and employed that ...

Michael G. Bosilovich; Siegfried D. Schubert; Gregory K. Walker

2005-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

434

Environmental screening tools for assessment of infrastructure plans based on biodiversity preservation and global warming (PEIT, Spain)  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Most Strategic Environmental Assessment (SEA) research has been concerned with SEA as a procedure, and there have been relatively few developments and tests of analytical methodologies. The first stage of the SEA is the 'screening', which is the process whereby a decision is taken on whether or not SEA is required for a particular programme or plan. The effectiveness of screening and SEA procedures will depend on how well the assessment fits into the planning from the early stages of the decision-making process. However, it is difficult to prepare the environmental screening for an infrastructure plan involving a whole country. To be useful, such methodologies must be fast and simple. We have developed two screening tools which would make it possible to estimate promptly the overall impact an infrastructure plan might have on biodiversity and global warming for a whole country, in order to generate planning alternatives, and to determine whether or not SEA is required for a particular infrastructure plan.

Garcia-Montero, Luis G., E-mail: luisgonzaga.garcia@upm.e [Dept. Forest Engineering, E.T.S. Ingenieros de Montes, Technical University of Madrid (UPM), Ciudad Universitaria s/n, Madrid 28040 (Spain); Lopez, Elena, E-mail: elopez@caminos.upm.e [TRANSyT, E.T.S. Ingenieros de Caminos, Technical University of Madrid (UPM), Avda. Profesor Aranguren s/n, Madrid 28040 (Spain); Monzon, Andres, E-mail: amonzon@caminos.upm.e [TRANSyT, E.T.S. Ingenieros de Caminos, Technical University of Madrid (UPM), Avda. Profesor Aranguren s/n, Madrid 28040 (Spain); Otero Pastor, Isabel, E-mail: isabel.otero@upm.e [TRANSyT, E.T.S. Ingenieros de Caminos, Technical University of Madrid (UPM), Avda. Profesor Aranguren s/n, Madrid 28040 (Spain)

2010-04-15T23:59:59.000Z

435

2013 Global Carbon Project  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

2013 Global Carbon Project 2013 Global Carbon Project DOI: 10.3334/CDIAC/GCP_2013_V1.1 image 2013 Budget v1.1 (November 2013) image 2013 Budget v1.3 (December 2013, contains typographical corrections to 2011 Australia emissions from v1.1 and corrections to the 2011 Australia transfer and consumption emissions from v1.2) image image image image Global Carbon Dioxide Emissions to Reach 36 Billion Tonnes in 2013 Global emissions of carbon dioxide from the combustion of fossil fuels will reach 36 billion tonnes for the year 2013. "This is a level unprecedented in human history," says CSIRO's Dr Pep Canadell, Executive-Director of the Global Carbon Project (GCP) and co-author of a new report. Global emissions due to fossil fuel alone are set to grow this year at a slightly lower pace of 2.1% than the average 3.1% since 2000, reaching 36

436

Global climate change and pedogenic carbonates  

SciTech Connect

Global Climate Change summarizes what is known about soil inorganic carbon and develops strategies that could lead to the retention of more carbon in the soil. It covers basic concepts, analytical methods, secondary carbonates, and research and development priorities. With this book one will get a better understanding of the global carbon cycle, organic and inorganic carbon, and their roles, or what is known of them, in the greenhouse effect.

Lal, R.; Kimble, J.M.; Stewart, B.A.; Eswaran, H. [eds.

1999-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

437

South America Global Horizontal SR Solar Model from INPE and LABSOLAR |  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

727 727 Varnish cache server Browse Upload data GDR 429 Throttled (bot load) Error 429 Throttled (bot load) Throttled (bot load) Guru Meditation: XID: 2142256727 Varnish cache server South America Global Horizontal SR Solar Model from INPE and LABSOLAR Dataset Summary Description (Abstract): Mean values of Global Horizontal Solar Radiation in kWh/m2/day for 40km cells for 1 year (month, season, year) based on data from 1995 to 2005 (Purpose): To provide a set of consistent, reliable, verifiable, and accessible global data sets for international and in-country investors and other stakeholders. (Supplemental Information): The BRASIL-SR model (developed by INPE - National Institute for Space Research) and the ARCVIEW software were used to produce the dataset and SHAPE files. The assessment of reliability levels of the BRASIL-SR model were performed through the evaluation of the deviations shown by the estimated values for solar radiation flux vis-à-vis the values measured at the surface (ground truth). This evaluation was done in two phases. The first phase consisted in an inter-comparison between the core radiation transfer models adopted by the SWERA Project to map the solar energy in the various countries participating in the project. The HELIOSAT model took part in this phase like benchmark due to its employment to map solar energy resources in countries from European Union. In the second phase, the solar flux estimates provided by the BRASIL-SR model were compared with measured values acquired at several solarimetric stations spread along the Brazilian territory. The BRASIL-SR model is not validated for areas covered by snow.

438

Cleantech Professional Resource Global Limited CPR Global | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Professional Resource Global Limited CPR Global Professional Resource Global Limited CPR Global Jump to: navigation, search Name Cleantech Professional Resource Global Limited (CPR Global) Place London, United Kingdom Zip EC4M 9DN Product Cleantech Professional Resource is a resource management consultancy focusing on the cleantech sector in the UK and Europe. References Cleantech Professional Resource Global Limited (CPR Global)[1] LinkedIn Connections CrunchBase Profile No CrunchBase profile. Create one now! This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by expanding it. Cleantech Professional Resource Global Limited (CPR Global) is a company located in London, United Kingdom . References ↑ "Cleantech Professional Resource Global Limited (CPR Global)" Retrieved from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=Cleantech_Professional_Resource_Global_Limited_CPR_Global&oldid=343687

439

Global Oil Geopolitics  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Iran-Iraq War . Iranian revolution . Arab Oil Embargo . Asian financial crisis . capacity exhausted . Global financial collapse . 9-11 attacks . OPEC cuts targets 1.7 ...

440

Global Citizens for Global Health Internship Position  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

and Young Child Health and Nutrition Host Organization: Micronutrient Initiative, Ethiopia Country Office action drawing on internal MI expertise in the Ethiopia office and from the Senior Adviser IYCHN in HQ sensitive Professional, organized, and have a concern for detail and accuracy Possess strong written

Brownstone, Rob

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "developing countries global" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


441

Advancing Next-Generation Energy in Indian Country (Fact Sheet)  

SciTech Connect

This fact sheet provides information on Tribes in the lower 48 states selected to receive assistance from the Strategic Technical Assistance Response Team (START) Program, a U.S. Department of Energy Office of Indian Energy Policy and Programs (DOE-IE) initiative to provide technical expertise to support the development of next-generation energy projects in Indian Country.

2012-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

442

Advancing Next-Generation Energy in Indian Country (Fact Sheet)  

SciTech Connect

This fact provides information on the Strategic Technical Assistance Response Team (START) Program, a U.S. Department of Energy Office of Indian Energy Policy and Programs (DOE-IE) initiative to provide technical expertise to support the development of next-generation energy projects in Indian Country.

Not Available

2012-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

443

Advancing Next-Generation Energy in Indian Country (Fact Sheet)  

SciTech Connect

This fact sheet provides information on the Alaska Native governments selected to receive assistance from the Strategic Technical Assistance Response Team (START) Program, a U.S. Department of Energy Office of Indian Energy Policy and Programs (DOE-IE) initiative to provide technical expertise to support the development of next-generation energy projects in Indian Country.

2012-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

444

Global implications of standby power use  

SciTech Connect

Separate studies indicate that standby power is responsible for 20-60 W per home in developed countries. Standby power is responsible for about 2% of OECD countries total electricity consumption and the related power generation generates almost 1% of their carbon emissions. Replacement of existing appliances with those appliances having the lowest standby would reduce total standby power consumption by over 70%. The resulting reductions in carbon emissions would meet over 3% of OECD's total Kyoto commitments. Other strategies may cut more carbon emissions, but standby power is unique in that the reductions are best accomplished through international collaboration and whose costs and large benefits would be spread over all countries.

Lebot, Benoit; Meier, Alan; Anglade, Alain

2000-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

445

The Global Carbon Bank | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

form form View source History View New Pages Recent Changes All Special Pages Semantic Search/Querying Get Involved Help Apps Datasets Community Login | Sign Up Search Page Edit with form History Facebook icon Twitter icon » The Global Carbon Bank Jump to: navigation, search Name The Global Carbon Bank Place Houston, Texas Zip 77025 Sector Carbon, Services Product Houston-based provider of advisory and development services to utilities regarding carbon compliance and emissions offsets. References The Global Carbon Bank[1] LinkedIn Connections CrunchBase Profile No CrunchBase profile. Create one now! This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by expanding it. The Global Carbon Bank is a company located in Houston, Texas . References ↑ "The Global Carbon Bank"

446

Human Resources in Geothermal Development  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Some 80 countries are potentially interested in geothermal energy development, and about 50 have quantifiable geothermal utilization at present. Electricity is produced from geothermal in 21 countries (total 38 TWh/a) and direct application is recorded in 35 countries (34 TWh/a). Geothermal electricity production is equally common in industrialized and developing countries, but plays a more important role in the developing countries. Apart from China, direct use is mainly in the industrialized countries and Central and East Europe. There is a surplus of trained geothermal manpower in many industrialized countries. Most of the developing countries as well as Central and East Europe countries still lack trained manpower. The Philippines (PNOC) have demonstrated how a nation can build up a strong geothermal workforce in an exemplary way. Data from Iceland shows how the geothermal manpower needs of a country gradually change from the exploration and field development to monitoring and operations.

Fridleifsson, I.B.

1995-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

447

USDA Global Agricultural Information Network (GAIN) | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

USDA Global Agricultural Information Network (GAIN) USDA Global Agricultural Information Network (GAIN) Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary Name: USDA Global Agricultural Information Network (GAIN) Agency/Company /Organization: United States Department of Agriculture Sector: Land Focus Area: Agriculture Topics: Co-benefits assessment, GHG inventory, Market analysis Resource Type: Dataset Website: gain.fas.usda.gov/Pages/Default.aspx USDA Global Agricultural Information Network (GAIN) Screenshot References: GAIN[1] Overview "USDA'S Global Agriculture Information Network (GAIN) provides timely information on the agricultural economy, products and issues in foreign countries since 1995 that are likely to have an impact on United States agricultural production and trade. U.S. Foreign Service officers working at

448

Offshore Wind Resource Global Wind Potential Supply Curves by...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Offshore Wind Resource Global Wind Potential Supply Curves by Country, Class, and Depth (quantities in GW)
2012-07-12T22:51:45Z 2012-07-13T20:49:20Z I am submitting data from...

449

Finished Motor Gasoline Imports from All Countries  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

-No Data Reported; --= Not Applicable; NA = Not Available; W = Withheld to avoid disclosure of individual company data. Notes: *Countries listed under ...

450

Liquefied Petroleum Gases Imports from All Countries  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

-No Data Reported; --= Not Applicable; NA = Not Available; W = Withheld to avoid disclosure of individual company data. Notes: *Countries listed under ...

451

Fuel Ethanol (Renewable) Imports from All Countries  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

-No Data Reported; --= Not Applicable; NA = Not Available; W = Withheld to avoid disclosure of individual company data. Notes: *Countries listed under ...

452

Residual Fuel Oil Imports from All Countries  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

-No Data Reported; --= Not Applicable; NA = Not Available; W = Withheld to avoid disclosure of individual company data. Notes: *Countries listed under ...

453

U.S. Imports from All Countries  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

-No Data Reported; --= Not Applicable; NA = Not Available; W = Withheld to avoid disclosure of individual company data. Notes: *Countries listed under ...

454

Countries Russia Background - Energy Information Administration  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Countries Russia Last Updated: September 18, 2012 full report Background Russia holds the world's largest natural gas reserves, the second-largest coal reserves, and

455

Petroleum Coke Imports from All Countries  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

-No Data Reported; --= Not Applicable; NA = Not Available; W = Withheld to avoid disclosure of individual company data. Notes: *Countries listed under ...

456

CHARTER INDIAN COUNTRY ENERGY AND INFRASTRUCTURE WORK GROUP  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

CHARTER CHARTER INDIAN COUNTRY ENERGY AND INFRASTRUCTURE WORK GROUP Official Designation Indian Country Energy and Infrastructure Working Group ("Working Group") Purpose The purpose of the Working Group is to provide advice and recommendations to the Director of the Office of Indian Energy Policy & Programs (OIE) and the Secretary of Energy with respect to the strategic planning and implementation of OIE's energy resource, energy business and energy infrastructure development policy and programs. Objectives and Scope of Activities and Duties The Working Group shall: (a) make recommendations to the Director of the Office of Indian Energy Policy and Programs

457

Poland-Low Carbon Growth Country Studies Program | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Poland-Low Carbon Growth Country Studies Program Poland-Low Carbon Growth Country Studies Program Jump to: navigation, search Name Poland-Low Carbon Growth Country Studies Program Agency/Company /Organization Energy Sector Management Assistance Program of the World Bank Sector Climate, Energy Focus Area Buildings, Energy Efficiency, Industry, Transportation Topics Background analysis, Baseline projection, Low emission development planning, Policies/deployment programs Website http://www.esmap.org/esmap/ Country Poland UN Region Northern Europe References ESMAP-Macedonia-Low Carbon Growth Country Studies Program[1] References ↑ "ESMAP-Macedonia-Low Carbon Growth Country Studies Program" Retrieved from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=Poland-Low_Carbon_Growth_Country_Studies_Program&oldid=700210"

458

DOE Office of Indian Energy Announces New Indian Country Energy and  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Announces New Indian Country Energy and Announces New Indian Country Energy and Infrastructure Working Group Members DOE Office of Indian Energy Announces New Indian Country Energy and Infrastructure Working Group Members April 24, 2013 - 6:11pm Addthis Through the Indian Country Energy and Infrastructure Working Group (ICEIWG), the U.S. Department of Energy Office of Indian Energy works to collaborate with and seek out real-time tribal expertise and experiences representing obstacles and opportunities in energy and related infrastructure development as well as capacity building in Indian Country. The ICEIWG represents the Department's commitment to work collaboratively with Indian Country, and the goal of this active, ongoing dialogue is to reflect the priorities and needs of Indian Country to the Energy Secretary

459

Republic of Macedonia-Low Carbon Growth Country Studies Program | Open  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Republic of Macedonia-Low Carbon Growth Country Studies Program Republic of Macedonia-Low Carbon Growth Country Studies Program Jump to: navigation, search Name Republic of Macedonia-Low Carbon Growth Country Studies Program Agency/Company /Organization Energy Sector Management Assistance Program of the World Bank Sector Climate, Energy Focus Area Buildings, Energy Efficiency, Industry, Transportation Topics Background analysis, Baseline projection, Low emission development planning, Policies/deployment programs Website http://www.esmap.org/esmap/ Country Republic of Macedonia UN Region Northern Europe References ESMAP-Macedonia-Low Carbon Growth Country Studies Program[1] References ↑ "ESMAP-Macedonia-Low Carbon Growth Country Studies Program" Retrieved from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=Republic_of_Macedonia-Low_Carbon_Growth_Country_Studies_Program&oldid=700212

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BLM Color Country District Office | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Color Country District Office Jump to: navigation, search Name BLM Color Country District Office Parent Organization BLM Place Cedar City, Utah References BLM Color Country...

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U.S. Secretary of Energy Participates in Five-Country Energy Ministerial in  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Participates in Five-Country Energy Participates in Five-Country Energy Ministerial in Japan U.S. Secretary of Energy Participates in Five-Country Energy Ministerial in Japan June 7, 2008 - 12:51pm Addthis Signs Methane Hydrates Agreement WASHINGTON - U.S. Secretary of Energy Samuel W. Bodman and top government officials from China, India, Japan, and Korea participated in discussions related to energy security challenges, emergency preparedness, investment climate, energy efficiency and diversification at the Five-Country Energy Ministerial held in Aomori, Japan. Secretary Bodman led a session on global investment regimes, where he highlighted the importance of open, transparent investment climates and predictable legal and regulatory systems to encourage investment in the next-generation of energy

462

U.S. Secretary of Energy Participates in Five-Country Energy Ministerial in  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

U.S. Secretary of Energy Participates in Five-Country Energy U.S. Secretary of Energy Participates in Five-Country Energy Ministerial in Japan U.S. Secretary of Energy Participates in Five-Country Energy Ministerial in Japan June 7, 2008 - 12:51pm Addthis Signs Methane Hydrates Agreement WASHINGTON - U.S. Secretary of Energy Samuel W. Bodman and top government officials from China, India, Japan, and Korea participated in discussions related to energy security challenges, emergency preparedness, investment climate, energy efficiency and diversification at the Five-Country Energy Ministerial held in Aomori, Japan. Secretary Bodman led a session on global investment regimes, where he highlighted the importance of open, transparent investment climates and predictable legal and regulatory systems to encourage investment in the next-generation of energy

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The Proliferation of Global Value Chains: Trade policy considerations for Indonesia  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The International Institute for Sustainable Development (IISD) contributes to sustainable development by advancing policy recommendations on international trade and investment, economic policy, climate change and energy, and management of natural and social capital, as well as the enabling role of communication technologies in these areas. We report on international negotiations and disseminate knowledge gained through collaborative projects, resulting in more rigorous research, capacity building in developing countries, better networks spanning the North and the South, and better global connections among researchers, practitioners, citizens and policy-makers. IISDs vision is better living for allsustainably; its mission is to champion innovation, enabling societies to live sustainably. IISD is registered as a charitable organization in Canada and has 501(c)(3) status in the United States.

Julia Puspadewi Tijaja; Head Office

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

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WEB RESOURCE. Global Nuclear Energy Partnership (GNEP) - TMS  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Jun 22, 2007 ... The Global Nuclear Energy Partnership (GNEP) seeks to develop worldwide consensus on enabling expanded use of economical, carbon-free...

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About Us: Principal Associate Directorate for Global Security...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

About Us Enhancing Our Nation's Security Global Security (PADGS) enhances our nation's security by developing and applying the Laboratory's technical capabilities to an array of...

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Offshoring in the new global political economy  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

abstract This essay challenges claims by economists and management scholars that offshoring is simply another form of trade with mutual benefits. I argue that reducing wages through offshoring leads to wealth creation for shareholders but not necessarily for countries and employees, and that many displaced workers have difficulty trading up to higher skilled jobs. Offshoring is a new phenomenon that entails the organizational and technological ability to relocate specific tasks and coordinate a geographically dispersed network of activities. It decouples the linkages between economic value creation and geographic location. The result is the creation of global commodity markets for particular skills and a shift in the balance of market power among firms, workers, and countries.

David L. Levy

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

467

Tropical Africa: Total Forest Biomass (By Country)  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Tropical Africa: Total Forest Biomass (By Country) Tropical Africa: Total Forest Biomass (By Country) image Brown, S., and G. Gaston. 1996. Tropical Africa: Land Use, Biomass, and Carbon Estimates For 1980. ORNL/CDIAC-92, NDP-055. Carbon Dioxide Information Analysis Center, U.S. Department of Energy, Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Oak Ridge, Tennessee, U.S.A. More Maps Calculated Actual Aboveground Live Biomass in Forests (1980) Maximum Potential Biomass Density Land Use (1980) Area of Closed Forests (By Country) Mean Biomass of Closed Forests (By County) Area of Open Forests (By Country) Mean Biomass of Open Forests (By County) Percent Forest Cover (By Country) Population Density - 1990 (By Administrative Unit) Population Density - 1980 (By Administrative Unit) Population Density - 1970 (By Administrative Unit)

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