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Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "detroit mn twin" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
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1

DOE - Office of Legacy Management -- Twin Cities Ammunition - MN 0-01  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Twin Cities Ammunition - MN 0-01 Twin Cities Ammunition - MN 0-01 FUSRAP Considered Sites Site: TWIN CITIES AMMUNITION (MN.0-01) Eliminated from further consideration under FUSRAP - Referred to DOD Designated Name: Not Designated Alternate Name: None Location: New Brighton , Minnesota MN.0-01-1 Evaluation Year: 1987 MN.0-01-2 Site Operations: Site was formerly licensed under 10CFR 70 by the NRC. MN.0-01-1 MN.0-01-2 Site Disposition: Eliminated - No Authority - Referred to DOD MN.0-01-1 Radioactive Materials Handled: None Indicated Primary Radioactive Materials Handled: None Radiological Survey(s): None Indicated Site Status: Eliminated from further consideration under FUSRAP - Referred to DOD MN.0-01-2 Also see Documents Related to TWIN CITIES AMMUNITION MN.0-01-1 - DOE Letter; Mott to Spence; Listings of Military

2

Detroit blues women.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??ABSTRACT DETROIT BLUES WOMEN by Michael Duggan Murphy August 2011 Advisor: Dr. John J. Bukowczyk Major: History Degree: Doctor of Philosophy "Detroit Blues Women" explores… (more)

Murphy, Michael Duggan

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

3

Category:Detroit, MI | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

MI" MI" The following 16 files are in this category, out of 16 total. SVFullServiceRestaurant Detroit MI Detroit Edison Co.png SVFullServiceRestauran... 63 KB SVHospital Detroit MI Detroit Edison Co.png SVHospital Detroit MI ... 62 KB SVLargeHotel Detroit MI Detroit Edison Co.png SVLargeHotel Detroit M... 61 KB SVLargeOffice Detroit MI Detroit Edison Co.png SVLargeOffice Detroit ... 63 KB SVMediumOffice Detroit MI Detroit Edison Co.png SVMediumOffice Detroit... 58 KB SVMidriseApartment Detroit MI Detroit Edison Co.png SVMidriseApartment Det... 62 KB SVOutPatient Detroit MI Detroit Edison Co.png SVOutPatient Detroit M... 63 KB SVPrimarySchool Detroit MI Detroit Edison Co.png SVPrimarySchool Detroi... 65 KB SVQuickServiceRestaurant Detroit MI Detroit Edison Co.png SVQuickServiceRestaura...

4

Detroit: Mapping a New Narrative.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??This thesis identifies the attractors of Detroit’s growth and divulges into the cultural, federal, socio-economic and urban deterrents that have afflicted Detroit for the past… (more)

Bedard, Joshua

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

5

Detroit as linear city.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Detroit is a city in decline. Through strategic withdrawal into a linear city its main artery -Woodward Avenue- becomes an assembly line that holds different… (more)

Kuys, J.I.

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

6

Detroit : open city.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Detroit is often regarded as America's largest city in decline, a metropolis that has failed to recover from an insidious cycle of deindustrialization, racism, suburban… (more)

Berry, Daniel (Daniel Kevin)

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

7

Sustaining development in Detroit  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The intent of this thesis is to propose a strategy for stabilizing and increasing the disparate pieces of development that form the traces of the once great industrial city of Detroit. It focuses primarily on Fordism as a ...

Resnick, Noah Samuel, 1977-

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

8

Detroit : open city  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Detroit is often regarded as America's largest city in decline, a metropolis that has failed to recover from an insidious cycle of deindustrialization, racism, suburban flight and laggard politics. This image of the city ...

Berry, Daniel (Daniel Kevin)

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

9

In-Situ Observation of the Stress-Induced Stochastic Twin Boundary Motion in off Stoichiometric NiMnGa Single Crystal  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Stochastic motion of the type II twin boundary in off stoichiometric NiMnGa single crystal is confirmed by in-situ X-ray microdiffraction during external stress field loading. Assymmetry between tensile and compressive parts of the loading and large hysteresis loop is found. Formation of local strained regions is predecessing each boundary movement. The location of strained regions adjusts to the position of the twin boundary. Abrupt motion of the boundary correlates with the corresponding spikes at the load/displacement curve.

Barabash, Rozaliya [ORNL; Kirchlechner, Christoph [Max-Planck-Institut fur Eisenforschung, Germany; Robach, Odile [European Synchrotron Radiation Facility (ESRF); Sozinov, Alexei [AdaptaMat, Finland

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

10

Identifying Detroit: Representing Tension, Conflict, and Hope in Detroit Architecture.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Since the 1950s, Detroit's businesses and residents have been steadily migrating to the suburbs, taking with them much of the cultural, social, and economic diversity… (more)

RUDARY, THOMAS J.

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

11

Reclaiming the Ruin: Detroit's Second Coming?  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

13. 22. Ibid. 23. Solnit, “Detroit Arcadia,” p. 70. Above:2/3 (1977), pp. 3-23. 7. “Detroit. Demolition. Disneyland. :Lot! ” ”12. Rebecca Solnit, “Detroit Arcadia: Exploring the

Moon, Whitney

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

12

Detroit: Return of the cityzen.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Detroit has steadily declined as a city since the height of its greatness in the 1950s. Deindustrialization, suburbanization, divisive racism, and disenfranchisement have taken a… (more)

Ratkowski, Eric

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

13

PP-221 Detroit Edison Company  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Presidential Permit authorizing Detroit Edison Company to construct, operate and maintain electric transmission facilities at the U.S. - Canada border.

14

The Heidelberg Project - Detroit, Michigan [EDRA / Places Awards, 2004 -- Design  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The Heidelberg Project — Detroit, Michigan Tyree Guytona kid in a broken family, Detroit artist Tyree Guyton woreWhen Guyton was a child, Detroit burned; he still remembers

Nasar, Jack; Moffat, David

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

15

City of Detroit - SmartBuildings Detroit Grant Program | Department of  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

City of Detroit - SmartBuildings Detroit Grant Program City of Detroit - SmartBuildings Detroit Grant Program City of Detroit - SmartBuildings Detroit Grant Program < Back Eligibility Commercial Institutional Local Government Multi-Family Residential State Government Savings Category Heating & Cooling Commercial Heating & Cooling Heating Home Weatherization Commercial Weatherization Sealing Your Home Cooling Other Design & Remodeling Windows, Doors, & Skylights Heat Pumps Appliances & Electronics Commercial Lighting Lighting Insulation Water Buying & Making Electricity Solar Water Heating Wind Maximum Rebate 25% of eligible costs Program Info Expiration Date 06/02/2013 State Michigan Program Type Local Grant Program Provider City of Detroit '''''Note: This program is no longer accepting applications. Check the

16

Detroit Commuter Hydrogen Project  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This project was undertaken to demonstrate the viability of using hydrogen as a fuel in an internal combustion engine vehicle for use as a part of a mass transit system. The advantages of hydrogen as a fuel include renew-ability, minimal environmental impact on air quality and the environment, and potential to reduce dependence on foreign energy sources for the transportation sector. Recognizing the potential for the hydrogen fuel concept, the Southeast Michigan Congress of Governments (SEMCOG) determined to consider it in the study of a proposed regional mass transit rail system for southeast Michigan. SEMCOG wanted to evaluate the feasibility of using hydrogen fueled internal combustion engine (H2ICE) vehicles in shuttle buses to connect the Detroit Metro Airport to a proposed, nearby rail station. Shuttle buses are in current use on the airport for passenger parking and inter-terminal transport. This duty cycle is well suited to the application of hydrogen fuel at this time because of the ability to re-fuel vehicles at a single nearby facility, overcoming the challenge of restricted fuel availability in the undeveloped hydrogen fuel infrastructure. A cooperative agreement between SEMCOG and the DOE was initiated and two H2ICE buses were placed in regular passenger service on March 29, 2009 and operated for six months in regular passenger service. The buses were developed and built by the Ford Motor Company. Wayne County Airport Authority provided the location for the demonstration with the airport transportation contractor, Metro Cars Inc. operating the buses. The buses were built on Ford E450 chassis and incorporated a modified a 6.8L V-10 engine with specially designed supercharger, fuel rails and injectors among other sophisticated control systems. Up to 30 kg of on-board gaseous hydrogen were stored in a modular six tank, 350 bar (5000 psi) system to provide a 150 mile driving range. The bus chassis and body were configured to carry nine passengers with luggage. By collecting fuel use data for the two H2ICE buses, with both written driver logs and onboard telemetry devices, and for two conventional propane-gasoline powered buses in the same service, comparisons of operating efficiency and maintenance requirements were completed. Public opinion about the concept of hydrogen fuel was sampled with a rider survey throughout the demonstration. The demonstration was very effective in adding to the understanding of the application of hydrogen as a transportation fuel. The two 9 passenger H2ICE buses accumulated nearly 50,000 miles and carried 14,285 passengers. Data indicated the H2ICE bus fuel economy to be 9.4 miles/ gallon of gasoline equivalent (m/GGE) compared to the 10 passenger propane-gasoline bus average of 9.8 m/GGE over 32,400 miles. The 23- passenger bus averaged 7.4 m/GGE over 40,700 miles. Rider feedback from 1050 on-board survey cards was overwhelmingly positive with 99.6% indicating they would ride again on a hydrogen powered vehicle. Minimal maintenance was required for theses buses during the demonstration project, but a longer duration demonstration would be required to more adequately assess this aspect of the concept.

Brooks, Jerry; Prebo, Brendan

2010-07-31T23:59:59.000Z

17

Detroit Public Lighting Department - Commercial and Industrial...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

with form History Share this page on Facebook icon Twitter icon Detroit Public Lighting Department - Commercial and Industrial Energy Wise Program This is the approved...

18

Transit-Oriented Development in Detroit.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Working with the Detroit Department of Transportation, this project outlines a Transit?Oriented Development (TOD) plan in conjunction with the impending Woodward Avenue Light Rail Train… (more)

De Silva, Lauren; Krueger, Allison; Lee, Angela; Mansoor, Paul

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

19

Converging Identities: Islamic Architecture in Detroit.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??The development of identity and place within the Detroit Muslim community is explored in this thesis through the creation of an Islamic Center and research… (more)

Chinchilla, Najahyia Luna

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

20

Detroit Neighbourhood Stabilization: Burdens Become Assets.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Detroit is just one example of a post-industrial city that has been struggling with the decline of the American industrial economy. In the past 100… (more)

Rutherford, Michael

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "detroit mn twin" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


21

Clean Cities: Detroit Clean Cities coalition  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Detroit Clean Cities Coalition Detroit Clean Cities Coalition The Detroit Clean Cities coalition works with vehicle fleets, fuel providers, community leaders, and other stakeholders to reduce petroleum use in transportation. Detroit Clean Cities coalition Contact Information Aaron Champion 734-585-5720 x23 aaron@cec-mi.org Coalition Website Clean Cities Coordinator Aaron Champion Photo of Aaron Champion Aaron Champion is the Coordinator for Detroit Area Clean Cities and a Project Manager with Clean Energy Coalition, where he works on sustainable transportation solutions. Previously, he served as Programs Representative between the U.S. Department of Energy and the Oklahoma Department of Commerce, where he implemented and monitored more than 70 energy efficiency and alternative fuel vehicle projects. Additionally, Champion provided

22

Where the Heart Is? A Geographic Analysis of Working-class Cultures in Detroit Neighborhoods, 1953  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Peterson 1954. City of Detroit Election Commission. 1952.Precinct Level. Microfilm. Detroit City Hall. Clawson, Dan.You!" Footnotes 24:1,4. Detroit Metropolitan Area Traffic

Stepan-Norris, Judith; Southworth, Caleb

2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

23

City of Detroit - SmartBuildings Detroit Green Fund Loan | Department of  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

City of Detroit - SmartBuildings Detroit Green Fund Loan City of Detroit - SmartBuildings Detroit Green Fund Loan City of Detroit - SmartBuildings Detroit Green Fund Loan < Back Eligibility Commercial Institutional Local Government Multi-Family Residential State Government Savings Category Heating & Cooling Commercial Heating & Cooling Heating Home Weatherization Commercial Weatherization Sealing Your Home Cooling Other Heat Pumps Appliances & Electronics Commercial Lighting Lighting Insulation Design & Remodeling Windows, Doors, & Skylights Water Buying & Making Electricity Energy Sources Solar Water Heating Wind Maximum Rebate 40% of eligible costs, up to $100,000 Program Info Funding Source The American Reinvestment and Recovery Act (ARRA) of 2009; State Energy Program State Michigan Program Type Local Loan Program

24

“Straight Up Detroit Shit”: Genre, Authenticity, and Appropriation in Detroit Ghettotech.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??This thesis is an analysis of the genre of Detroit dance music known as ghettotech based primarily on ethnographic data collected from music producers and… (more)

Mueller, Gavin C.

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

25

Detroit politics in a global perspective: a Marxist analysis of the 2009 Detroit mayoral primary.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??The 2009 Detroit mayoral primary ballot listed a candidate named D'Artagnon Collier. Collier is a member of the Socialist Equality Party. This thesis analyzes the… (more)

Stephens, Christopher Cody

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

26

Detroit Edison Co | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Detroit Edison Co Detroit Edison Co Place Detroit, Michigan Utility Id 5109 Utility Location Yes Ownership I NERC Location RFC NERC RFC Yes Operates Generating Plant Yes Activity Generation Yes Activity Buying Transmission Yes Activity Distribution Yes Activity Wholesale Marketing Yes Activity Retail Marketing Yes Activity Bundled Services Yes Alt Fuel Vehicle Yes Alt Fuel Vehicle2 Yes References EIA Form EIA-861 Final Data File for 2010 - File1_a[1] Energy Information Administration Form 826[2] SGIC[3] LinkedIn Connections CrunchBase Profile No CrunchBase profile. Create one now! This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by expanding it. Detroit Edison Company Smart Grid Project was awarded $83,828,878 Recovery Act Funding with a total project value of $167,657,756.

27

Southern California: The Detroit of Electric Cars?  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

University o f An early alternative to an electric car.CALIFORNIA: THE DETROIT O F ELECTRIC CARS? BY A L L E N J .center for producing electric cars? It's a mistake to assume

Scott, Allen J.

1993-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

28

Detroit Auto Show 2012 | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

What&039;s your energypledge? What's your EnergyPledge? 1. Secretary Chu at the Detroit Auto Show Snapshots of the Year in Energy: 12 Awesome Photos from 2012 Day 12: Drive...

29

Detroit -- Focus: HOPE Center for Advanced Technologies [The Place of Work  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

troubled economic times. In Detroit, an abandoned, 50-year-by Focus: MOPE, a Detroit civil rights organization. CAT's

Bressi, Todd W; Marcus, Galith S

1995-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

30

Detroit Auto Show 2012 | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Detroit Auto Show 2012 Detroit Auto Show 2012 Detroit Auto Show 2012 Addthis 1 of 10 Energy Secretary Steven Chu with Chrysler Chief Executive Sergio Marchionne. Image: Hantz Leger (Energy Department Contractor) Date taken: 2012-01-10 00:00 2 of 10 Energy Secretary Steven Chu examines the Dodge Dart's four cylinder, 2.4-liter, 184 horsepower engine block. Image: Hantz Leger (Energy Department Contractor) Date taken: 2012-01-10 00:00 3 of 10 Energy Secretary Steven Chu gets behind the wheel of the new 2013 Dodge Dart. Image: Hantz Leger (Energy Department Contractor) Date taken: 2012-01-10 00:00 4 of 10 Energy Secretary Steven Chu examines the interior of the new 2013 Dodge Dart. Image: Hantz Leger (Energy Department Contractor) Date taken: 2012-01-10 00:00 5 of 10 Energy Secretary Steven Chu discusses the latest auto innovations with a

31

Secretary Chu's Remarks at Detroit Economic Club -- As Prepared for  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Detroit Economic Club -- As Prepared for Detroit Economic Club -- As Prepared for Delivery Secretary Chu's Remarks at Detroit Economic Club -- As Prepared for Delivery January 11, 2012 - 9:30am Addthis Thank you, President Simon, for the introduction. I also want to thank the Detroit Economic Club for hosting me. For more than 75 years, the Detroit Economic Club has promoted thoughtful conversation on the important issues facing Michigan and our country, and I am pleased to be a part of that tradition. Finally, I want to recognize Michigan's congressional delegation for its tireless work on behalf of the state's families and industries. It's an exciting time to be in Detroit, the heart of America's auto industry. Yesterday, I toured the auto show and saw the amazing products that will hit the roads soon. What began more than a century ago as a

32

Secretary Chu's Remarks at Detroit Economic Club -- As Prepared for  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Chu's Remarks at Detroit Economic Club -- As Prepared for Chu's Remarks at Detroit Economic Club -- As Prepared for Delivery Secretary Chu's Remarks at Detroit Economic Club -- As Prepared for Delivery January 11, 2012 - 9:30am Addthis Thank you, President Simon, for the introduction. I also want to thank the Detroit Economic Club for hosting me. For more than 75 years, the Detroit Economic Club has promoted thoughtful conversation on the important issues facing Michigan and our country, and I am pleased to be a part of that tradition. Finally, I want to recognize Michigan's congressional delegation for its tireless work on behalf of the state's families and industries. It's an exciting time to be in Detroit, the heart of America's auto industry. Yesterday, I toured the auto show and saw the amazing products that will hit the roads soon. What began more than a century ago as a

33

Like the Last 30 Years Never Happened: Understanding Detroit Rock Music Through Oral History.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??This study was conducted to better understand Detroit’s unusual amount of rock music success. From the 1960s on, Detroit has continuously produced some of the… (more)

Schmitt, Jason M.

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

34

Detroit to Durban: Black Workers' Common Struggle; Southern Africa/Black America: Same Struggles, Same Fight  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

DETROIT TO DURBAN: BlACK \\\\OOKERS CCM1>N STRUGGLE by Blackearliest parrphlet is Detroit to Durban . Although publishedstrikes of early 1973 and the Detroit riots of 1967 is a bit

Philips, John

1978-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

35

The Social Coalition Character of the Democratic and Republican Precinct Cadres in Detroit, 1956-1984  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Jones, Bryan D. et al. 1986 Detroit, an American city. TheThe Party Coalitions in Detroit in 1956: The Socio-Economicof Party Cadres in Detroit, 1956. Social Characteristics

Eldersveld, Samuel J.

1986-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

36

The mechanics of race : the discursive production of Detroit's landscape of difference  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Development, and Immigrants in Detroit, 1880-1920. Chicago:a Finer City in Postwar Detroit. Baltimore and London: TheRoss. 1985. “The Crisis of Detroit and the Emergence of

Kinney, Rebecca J.

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

37

REQUEST BY DETROIT DIESEL CORPORATION FOR AN ADVANCE WAIVER OF...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

DETROIT DIESEL CORPORATION FOR AN ADVANCE WAIVER OF DOMESTIC AND FOREIGN RIGHTS IN SUBJECT INVENTIONS MADE IN THE COURSE OF OR UNDER DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY CONTRACT NO....

38

An Ethnographic Study of The Moth Detroit StorySLAM.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??The Moth Detroit StorySLAM is one of many storytelling events staged in urban bar environments. Unlike the increasingly aged audiences attending the National Storytelling Festival… (more)

Janssen, Catherine Jo

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

39

Environmental Justice and Fish Consumption Advisories on the Detroit River.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??The Detroit River serves as a source of recreation, food, transportation and is an international demarcation. Decades of industrial and municipal pollution have threatened this… (more)

Kalkirtz, Victoria; Martinez, Michelle

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

40

Wastewater Treatment Comes To Detroit: Law, Politics, Technology And Funding.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Detroit was one of the cities identified by the International Joint Commission as polluting the Great Lakes in contravention of the Boundary Waters Treaty of… (more)

Johnson, Barry Neal

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "detroit mn twin" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


41

Alternative Uses for Vacant Land in Detroit, MI.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Detroit is situated in a historically productive lake plain in the Great Lakes region of the Midwestern United States. Geographic centrality, access to rail and… (more)

Yun, Michael

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

42

,"Detroit, MI Natural Gas Pipeline Imports From Canada (MMcf...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Of Series","Frequency","Latest Data for" ,"Data 1","Detroit, MI Natural Gas Pipeline Imports From Canada (MMcf)",1,"Annual",2012 ,"Release Date:","172014" ,"Next...

43

Connecting Culture and Nature in Detroit's Downtown Core: The Design of a Technical College Campus.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??This thesis addresses the City of Detroit`s transformation from a thriving center of trade and commerce to its present abandoned state. Due to the decentralization… (more)

Braithwaite, Peter

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

44

The mechanics of race : the discursive production of Detroit's landscape of difference.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Positioning Detroit's "post-industrial" landscape as anything but "natural", this work seeks to understand and engage the racialized production of Detroit in the urban spatial imaginary… (more)

Kinney, Rebecca J.

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

45

Detroit Public Lighting Department - Residential Energy Wise Program |  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Detroit Public Lighting Department - Residential Energy Wise Detroit Public Lighting Department - Residential Energy Wise Program Detroit Public Lighting Department - Residential Energy Wise Program < Back Eligibility Low-Income Residential Multi-Family Residential Residential Savings Category Heating & Cooling Cooling Appliances & Electronics Commercial Lighting Lighting Program Info State Michigan Program Type Utility Rebate Program Rebate Amount CFLs: $2-$10 LED Task Light: $10.00 LED Night light: $1.25 Energy Star Ceiling Fan: $10 Provider Detroit Public Lighting Department The Detroit Public Lighting Department (PLD) offers residential customers rebates for energy efficient lights. In addition, low-income residential customers may qualify for free compact fluorescent lights (CFLs). Specific rebate amounts, equipment requirements, and applications are available on

46

A Little Twin Higgs Model  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

introduced in these twin Higgs models. We leave thesequartic into the left-right twin Higgs model, leading to amechanism to the mirror twin Higgs model and established

Goh, Hock-Seng

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

47

Detroit, Michigan: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Michigan: Energy Resources Michigan: Energy Resources (Redirected from Detroit, MI) Jump to: navigation, search Equivalent URI DBpedia Coordinates 42.331427°, -83.0457538° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":42.331427,"lon":-83.0457538,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

48

REQUEST BY DETROIT DIESEL CORPORATION, FOR AN ADVANCE WAIVER...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

NO. DE-FC05-00OR22805; DOE WAIVER DOCKET W(A)-01-012 ORO-764 Petitioner, Detroit Diesel Corporation, has made a timely request for an advance waiver to worldwide rights in...

49

Detroit Edison Company Smart Grid Project | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Detroit Edison Company Detroit Edison Company Country United States Headquarters Location Detroit, Michigan Recovery Act Funding $83,828,878.00 Total Project Value $167,657,756.00 Coverage Area Coverage Map: Detroit Edison Company Smart Grid Project Coordinates 42.331427°, -83.0457538° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[]}

50

Section 2: Landscapes of Capital - On Big Beaver Road: Detroit and the Diversity of American Metropolitan Landscapes  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Center near Ann Arbor, Detroit News, April 12, 2005, p. 8.on Southern Plant,” Detroit News, October 28, 2006, p. 3.Pro?le: Michigan 2005 (Detroit: Southeast Michigan Council

Fishman, Robert

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

51

Detroit Public Lighting Department - Commercial and Industrial Energy Wise  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Detroit Public Lighting Department - Commercial and Industrial Detroit Public Lighting Department - Commercial and Industrial Energy Wise Program Detroit Public Lighting Department - Commercial and Industrial Energy Wise Program < Back Eligibility Commercial Industrial Savings Category Heating & Cooling Commercial Heating & Cooling Heating Home Weatherization Commercial Weatherization Cooling Other Sealing Your Home Design & Remodeling Windows, Doors, & Skylights Manufacturing Heat Pumps Appliances & Electronics Commercial Lighting Lighting Insulation Maximum Rebate $50,000 per customer/facility, or 100% of the project cost Program Info State Michigan Program Type Utility Rebate Program Rebate Amount Light Fixtures: $2-$200 Lighting Controls: $0.10-$65 HVAC Equipment: $10-$30/ton Programmable Thermostat: $80 Window Glazing: $0.30/square foot

52

The Detroit Edison Company Smart Grid Demonstration Project | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

The Detroit Edison Company The Detroit Edison Company Country United States Headquarters Location Detroit, Michigan Recovery Act Funding $4,995,271.00 Total Project Value $10,877,258.00 Coordinates 42.331427°, -83.0457538° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[]}

53

Detroit Edison Comments on NRC Guidance for Operability Determinations  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

with the Nuclear Energy Institute (NEI) in the preparation of industry comments on the draft revision to NRC Manual Chapter 9900. Detroit Edison appreciates the efforts by NRC staff to update and clarify the guidance for operability determinations and the opportunity to provide comments prior to final issuance. Detroit Edison concurs with the specific comments on the referenced Federal Register notice provided by NEI and the associated recommendation that the NRC continue public dialogue on this topic. Should you have any questions or require additional information, please contact me at (734) 586-4258. Sincerely, Norman K. Peterson

Detroit Edison; Washington D C; Detroit Edison; Has Participated

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

54

Hexagonal Materials and Twinning  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Mar 1, 2011 ... Atomistic Modeling of Deformation Twinning Mechanisms in Hcp Metals: Jian Wang1; Irene Beyerlein1; Carlos Tome1; 1LANL

55

Revving up the Motor City : targeted neighborhood redevelopment in Detroit  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This thesis is an analysis of an ambitious redevelopment plan for a two square mile area in the city of Detroit, Michigan. This area is dominated by city-owned vacant lots, which make up half of the neighborhood. The plan, ...

Pauls, Edward, 1977-

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

56

STATEMENT OF CONSIDERATIONS PETITION BY DETROIT DIESEL CORPORATION (DDC)  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

BY DETROIT DIESEL CORPORATION (DDC) BY DETROIT DIESEL CORPORATION (DDC) FOR ADVANCE WAIVER OF U.S. AND FOREIGN RIGHTS TO INVENTIONS MADE UNDER MODIFICATION 17 TO CONTRACT DEN-3-329 [W(A)93-043] The Petitioner is asking for U.S. and foreign patent rights to all subject inventions made under DOE Contract DEN-3-329, Modification 17, entitled "Adiabetic Diesel Engine Component Development". This entire contract is being funded by DOE, but is being administered by the NASA Lewis Research Center. The entire contract has as its object the successful design, fabrication, and demonstration of five stationary and moving structural monolithic ceramic components in an extremely hostile Low Heat Rejection (LHR) environment. DDC was formed in January 1988 to design, manufacture, and sell diesel engines. It is a joint-venture company 80% owned by

57

NOTES AND COMMENTS REVERE COPPER AR! BRASS DETROIT, MICHIGAN  

Office of Legacy Management (LM)

* .t-* * .t-* . * * - -. _ _ ,.. .I AIT. 4 NOTES AND COMMENTS REVERE COPPER AR! BRASS DETROIT, MICHIGAN A preliminary (screening) survey was conducted in several areas of the Revere Copper and Brass Facility, 5851 W. Jefferson Street, Detroit, Michigan. The survey was conducted by the ANL Radiological Survey Group on April 22, 1981. The Survey Group, consisting of W. Smith, R. Mundis, K. Flynn (all of ANI), and E. Jascewsky (DOE-CH) met on site with J. Evans (Safety Engineer), D. Tratt (Asst. Engineer), -- M~37~se'Zanak~(Aeth6ds~De!@iFXi%itXiupe~isox$ and E. Betancourt (Personnel Manager) to discuss what information was available concerning the operations that transpired at the facility during the Manhattan Engineering District Atomic Energy Commission (MED/AEC) era. MrYWtisffaliab indicated that

58

A Look Inside the Detroit Auto Show | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

A Look Inside the Detroit Auto Show A Look Inside the Detroit Auto Show A Look Inside the Detroit Auto Show January 12, 2011 - 1:15pm Addthis Kerry Duggan Waking up at 4:30AM is not my idea of fun. But after I witnessed the 6:30AM unveiling of the shiny new Porsche 918 RSR Hybrid at the North American International Auto Show, I got over it. To those who know cars, its lineage is in the #22 Porsche 917 race car, winner of the LeMans in 1971. With a top speed of 140 mph, the new 918 RSR combines the power of a 563-horsepower V-8 engine and a dual inertial flywheel system to produce a total 767-horsepower. On the efficiency side, a Kinetic Energy Recovery System (KERS) allows the two 75-kW flywheels to capture wasted energy when the brakes are applied. The Porsche president said that their goal is to achieve high fuel efficiency in extreme driving

59

City of Detroit, Michigan (Utility Company) | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Detroit Detroit Place Michigan Utility Id 5107 Utility Location Yes Ownership M NERC Location RFC NERC RFC Yes Operates Generating Plant Yes Activity Generation Yes Activity Distribution Yes References EIA Form EIA-861 Final Data File for 2010 - File1_a[1] Energy Information Administration Form 826[2] LinkedIn Connections CrunchBase Profile No CrunchBase profile. Create one now! This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by expanding it. Utility Rate Schedules Grid-background.png No rate schedules available. Average Rates Residential: $0.1050/kWh Commercial: $0.0994/kWh Transportation: $0.1060/kWh The following table contains monthly sales and revenue data for City of Detroit (Michigan). Month RES REV (THOUSAND $) RES SALES (MWH) RES CONS COM REV (THOUSAND $) COM SALES (MWH) COM CONS IND_REV (THOUSAND $) IND SALES (MWH) IND CONS OTH REV (THOUSAND $) OTH SALES (MWH) OTH CONS TOT REV (THOUSAND $) TOT SALES (MWH) TOT CONS

60

A Look Inside the Detroit Auto Show | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

A Look Inside the Detroit Auto Show A Look Inside the Detroit Auto Show A Look Inside the Detroit Auto Show January 12, 2011 - 1:15pm Addthis Kerry Duggan Waking up at 4:30AM is not my idea of fun. But after I witnessed the 6:30AM unveiling of the shiny new Porsche 918 RSR Hybrid at the North American International Auto Show, I got over it. To those who know cars, its lineage is in the #22 Porsche 917 race car, winner of the LeMans in 1971. With a top speed of 140 mph, the new 918 RSR combines the power of a 563-horsepower V-8 engine and a dual inertial flywheel system to produce a total 767-horsepower. On the efficiency side, a Kinetic Energy Recovery System (KERS) allows the two 75-kW flywheels to capture wasted energy when the brakes are applied. The Porsche president said that their goal is to achieve high fuel efficiency in extreme driving

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "detroit mn twin" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


61

"Ruin Porn" or the Reality of Ruin?: A Rhetorical Analysis of Andrew Moore's Detroit Disassembled.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Ruin photography, widely called "ruin porn" by critics, is an artistic trend that has entered the conscience of artists and consumers alike. Andrew Moore's Detroit… (more)

Nemeth, Katharine

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

62

Conference Program "Detroit, Global City: The Motor City in the World"  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

, Nativism and Citizenship in 1920s Detroit" 12:10-2:00: Lunch Break 3. 2:10-3:40 Getting Beyond "Ruin Porn

Cinabro, David

63

The struggle for vibrancy : a study of local government intervention in Detroit's inner suburbs  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Today, many communities located on the periphery of central cities confront traditionally "urban" problems. Detroit's inner suburbs struggle with aging infrastructure, limited governmental capacity, commercial disinvestment, ...

Kohn, Amy J. (Amy Jennifer)

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

64

Urban agriculture as a tool for neighborhood fabric repair in post-industrial Detroit.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??This thesis focuses on Detroit as a post-industrial city that suffers from abandonment, vacancy, and food security issues. I address this problem through the lens… (more)

Fairbank, Sandra Trubow

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

65

African-American and Arab American Muslim communities in the Detroit Ummah.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

?? This paper provides overview of the two larger Muslim communities in Detroit (African-American and Arab American), their differing views on theology, racism, and women's… (more)

Omanson, Lisa Gail

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

66

The Spatial Injustice of Crisis-Driven Neoliberal Urban Restructuring in Detroit.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Struggling to provide basic services due to a dwindling tax base and confronted with significant pockets of vacant land, Detroit has proposed a radical urban… (more)

Clement, Daniel

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

67

Spatial And Temporal Relationships Between Blood Lead And Soil Lead Concentrations In Detroit, Michigan.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??This study explored variations in child blood lead levels (BLLs) relative to street-side soil lead in Detroit, Michigan. Findings showed that average BLLs steadily decreased… (more)

Bickel, Michael Jonathan

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

68

Multiplication acceleration through twin precision  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We present the twin-precision technique for integer multipliers. The twin-precision technique can reduce the power dissipation by adapting a multiplier to the bitwidth of the operands being computed. The technique also enables an increased computational ... Keywords: Baugh-Wooley multiplier, SIMD, area efficient, high speed, lowpower, modified-booth multiplier, twin-precision

Magnus Själander; Per Larsson-Edefors

2009-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

69

DOE - Office of Legacy Management -- Dow-Detroit Edison Project - MI 0-02  

Office of Legacy Management (LM)

Dow-Detroit Edison Project - MI Dow-Detroit Edison Project - MI 0-02 FUSRAP Considered Sites Site: Dow-Detroit Edison Project (MI.0-02 ) Eliminated from further consideration under FUSRAP Designated Name: Not Designated Alternate Name: None Location: Detroit , Michigan MI.0-02-1 Evaluation Year: 1987 MI.0-02-1 Site Operations: Performed reference design work for a special fast breeder type reactor. MI.0-02-1 Site Disposition: Eliminated - No radioactive material handled at the site MI.0-02-1 Radioactive Materials Handled: No Primary Radioactive Materials Handled: None MI.0-02-1 Radiological Survey(s): no Site Status: Eliminated from further consideration under FUSRAP Also see Documents Related to Dow-Detroit Edison Project MI.0-02-1 - DOE Memorandum/Checklist; S.Jones to the File; Subject:

70

REQUEST BY DETROIT DIESEL CORPORATION, FOR AN ADVANCE WAIVER OF  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

CORPORATION, FOR AN ADVANCE WAIVER OF CORPORATION, FOR AN ADVANCE WAIVER OF DOMESTIC AND FOREIGN RIGHTS IN SUBJECT INVENTIONS MADE IN THE COURSE OF OR UNDER DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY COOPERATIVE AGREEMENT NO. DE-FC05-00OR22805; DOE WAIVER DOCKET W(A)-01-012 [ORO-764] Petitioner, Detroit Diesel Corporation, has made a timely request for an advance waiver to worldwide rights in Subject Inventions made in the course of or under Department of Energy (DOE) Cooperative Agreement No. DE-FC05-00OR22805. The scope of this work is to develop a commercially viable heavy-duty diesel technology package for truck applications targeted at achieving 50% thermal efficiency and meeting 2007 EPA mandated emissions. This work is sponsored by the Office of Transportation Technologies, Office of Heavy Vehicle Technologies.

71

City of Detroit Lakes, Minnesota (Utility Company) | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Minnesota (Utility Company) Minnesota (Utility Company) Jump to: navigation, search Name City of Detroit Lakes Place Minnesota Utility Id 5111 Utility Location Yes Ownership M NERC Location MRO NERC MRO Yes ISO MISO Yes Activity Buying Transmission Yes Activity Distribution Yes References EIA Form EIA-861 Final Data File for 2010 - File1_a[1] LinkedIn Connections CrunchBase Profile No CrunchBase profile. Create one now! This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by expanding it. Utility Rate Schedules Grid-background.png Area Lights - 100 Watt HPS (Unmetered) Lighting Area Lights - 100 Watt HPS (metered) Lighting Area Lights - 250 Watt HPS (Unmetered) Lighting Area Lights - 250 Watt HPS (metered) Lighting Area Lights - 400 Watt HPS (Unmetered) Lighting Area Lights - 400 Watt HPS (metered) Lighting

72

Simulation and Visualization of Airside Operations at Detroit Metropolitan Airport  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In recent years, airline flight delays have been among the most troublesome problems in the national transportation system. Although bad weather has historically been the main cause of delays, a growing reason has been the inability of the nation’s air transport system to efficiently absorb all of the aircraft trying to use limited airspace or trying to take off or land at busy airports. Simulation modeling and visualization can be of substantial help in the efficient design of airport operations, which in turn can mitigate some of the abovementioned capacity problems. This study presents the simulation model and 3D animation of the airside airport operations at Detroit Metro Airport, Romulus, Michigan. The simulation model is developed in STROBOSCOPE (Martinez 1996) and the 3D animation is created using

Copyright Hiam; M. Khoury; Vineet R. Kamat; Vineet R. Kamat; Photios G. Ioannou; Photios G. Ioannou; Hiam M. Khoury; Hiam M. Khoury

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

73

City of Detroit (Michigan) EIA Revenue and Sales - August 2008 | Open  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

City of Detroit for City of Detroit for August 2008. Monthly Electric Utility Sales and Revenue Data Short Name 2008-08 Utility Company City of Detroit (Michigan) Place Michigan Start Date 2008-08-01 End Date 2008-09-01 Residential Revenue(Thousand $) 1.75 Residential Sales (MWh) 18.6 Residential Consumers 77 Commercial Revenue(Thousand $) 4689 Commercial Sales (MWh) 45432 Commercial Consumers 124 Other Revenue (Thousand $) 51 Other Sales (MWh) 403 Other Consumers 1 Total Revenue (Thousand $) 4741.75 Total Sales (MWh) 45853.6 Total Consumers 202 Source: Energy Information Administration. Form EIA-826 Database Monthly Electric Utility Sales and Revenue Data [1] Previous | Next Retrieved from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=City_of_Detroit_(Michigan)_EIA_Revenue_and_Sales_-_August_2008&oldid=17335

74

City of Detroit (Michigan) EIA Revenue and Sales - January 2009 | Open  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

City of Detroit for City of Detroit for January 2009. Monthly Electric Utility Sales and Revenue Data Short Name 2009-01 Utility Company City of Detroit (Michigan) Place Michigan Start Date 2009-01-01 End Date 2009-02-01 Residential Revenue(Thousand $) 2.5 Residential Sales (MWh) 27 Residential Consumers 81 Commercial Revenue(Thousand $) 4964 Commercial Sales (MWh) 48160 Commercial Consumers 120 Other Revenue (Thousand $) 63.5 Other Sales (MWh) 513 Other Consumers 1 Total Revenue (Thousand $) 5030 Total Sales (MWh) 48700 Total Consumers 202 Source: Energy Information Administration. Form EIA-826 Database Monthly Electric Utility Sales and Revenue Data [1] Previous | Next Retrieved from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=City_of_Detroit_(Michigan)_EIA_Revenue_and_Sales_-_January_2009&oldid=12026

75

City of Detroit (Michigan) EIA Revenue and Sales - June 2008 | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

City of Detroit for City of Detroit for June 2008. Monthly Electric Utility Sales and Revenue Data Short Name 2008-06 Utility Company City of Detroit (Michigan) Place Michigan Start Date 2008-06-01 End Date 2008-07-01 Residential Revenue(Thousand $) 1.6 Residential Sales (MWh) 17.7 Residential Consumers 77 Commercial Revenue(Thousand $) 4376 Commercial Sales (MWh) 44180 Commercial Consumers 123 Other Revenue (Thousand $) 49 Other Sales (MWh) 386 Other Consumers 1 Total Revenue (Thousand $) 4426.6 Total Sales (MWh) 44583.7 Total Consumers 201 Source: Energy Information Administration. Form EIA-826 Database Monthly Electric Utility Sales and Revenue Data [1] Previous | Next Retrieved from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=City_of_Detroit_(Michigan)_EIA_Revenue_and_Sales_-_June_2008&oldid=16285

76

City of Detroit (Michigan) EIA Revenue and Sales - July 2008 | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

City of Detroit for City of Detroit for July 2008. Monthly Electric Utility Sales and Revenue Data Short Name 2008-07 Utility Company City of Detroit (Michigan) Place Michigan Start Date 2008-07-01 End Date 2008-08-01 Residential Revenue(Thousand $) 1.7 Residential Sales (MWh) 18.1 Residential Consumers 77 Commercial Revenue(Thousand $) 4597 Commercial Sales (MWh) 44891 Commercial Consumers 123 Other Revenue (Thousand $) 52 Other Sales (MWh) 408 Other Consumers 1 Total Revenue (Thousand $) 4650.7 Total Sales (MWh) 45317.1 Total Consumers 201 Source: Energy Information Administration. Form EIA-826 Database Monthly Electric Utility Sales and Revenue Data [1] Previous | Next Retrieved from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=City_of_Detroit_(Michigan)_EIA_Revenue_and_Sales_-_July_2008&oldid=16810"

77

City of Detroit (Michigan) EIA Revenue and Sales - May 2008 | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

City of Detroit (Michigan) EIA Revenue and Sales - May 2008 City of Detroit (Michigan) EIA Revenue and Sales - May 2008 Jump to: navigation, search EIA Monthly Electric Utility Sales and Revenue Data for City of Detroit for May 2008. Monthly Electric Utility Sales and Revenue Data Short Name 2008-05 Utility Company City of Detroit (Michigan) Place Michigan Start Date 2008-05-01 End Date 2008-06-01 Residential Revenue(Thousand $) 1.4 Residential Sales (MWh) 15.6 Residential Consumers 82 Commercial Revenue(Thousand $) 3889 Commercial Sales (MWh) 38146 Commercial Consumers 121 Other Revenue (Thousand $) 49 Other Sales (MWh) 376 Other Consumers 1 Total Revenue (Thousand $) 3939.4 Total Sales (MWh) 38537.6 Total Consumers 204 Source: Energy Information Administration. Form EIA-826 Database Monthly Electric Utility Sales and Revenue Data [1]

78

City of Detroit (Michigan) EIA Revenue and Sales - February 2009 | Open  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

City of Detroit for City of Detroit for February 2009. Monthly Electric Utility Sales and Revenue Data Short Name 2009-02 Utility Company City of Detroit (Michigan) Place Michigan Start Date 2009-02-01 End Date 2009-03-01 Residential Revenue(Thousand $) 2.1 Residential Sales (MWh) 22.5 Residential Consumers 78 Commercial Revenue(Thousand $) 4175 Commercial Sales (MWh) 41864 Commercial Consumers 117 Other Revenue (Thousand $) 76.9 Other Sales (MWh) 786 Other Consumers 1 Total Revenue (Thousand $) 4254 Total Sales (MWh) 42672.5 Total Consumers 196 Source: Energy Information Administration. Form EIA-826 Database Monthly Electric Utility Sales and Revenue Data [1] Previous | Next Retrieved from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=City_of_Detroit_(Michigan)_EIA_Revenue_and_Sales_-_February_2009&oldid=12572

79

City of Detroit (Michigan) EIA Revenue and Sales - December 2008 | Open  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

City of Detroit for City of Detroit for December 2008. Monthly Electric Utility Sales and Revenue Data Short Name 2008-12 Utility Company City of Detroit (Michigan) Place Michigan Start Date 2008-12-01 End Date 2009-01-01 Residential Revenue(Thousand $) 1.8 Residential Sales (MWh) 18.3 Residential Consumers 80 Commercial Revenue(Thousand $) 3407 Commercial Sales (MWh) 34836 Commercial Consumers 118 Other Revenue (Thousand $) 38.9 Other Sales (MWh) 376 Other Consumers 1 Total Revenue (Thousand $) 3447.7 Total Sales (MWh) 35230.3 Total Consumers 199 Source: Energy Information Administration. Form EIA-826 Database Monthly Electric Utility Sales and Revenue Data [1] Previous | Next Retrieved from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=City_of_Detroit_(Michigan)_EIA_Revenue_and_Sales_-_December_2008&oldid=19459

80

Urban agriculture as a tool for neighborhood fabric repair in post-industrial Detroit  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This thesis focuses on Detroit as a post-industrial city that suffers from abandonment, vacancy, and food security issues. I address this problem through the lens of agriculture, asking how urban farming can be used to ...

Fairbank, Sandra Trubow

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "detroit mn twin" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


81

Anticipating Detroit : a collection of instruments as a catalyst for recovery  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The social, political and economic history of Detroit has been inextricably linked to the development of its most dominant industry: automotive manufacturing. This thesis suggests a strategy to overcome the disadvantages ...

Bouwman, Laura Marcella, 1976-

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

82

Woodward Avenue, Detroit : a pedestrian zone for a changing downtown retail street  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The thesis studies the changing direction of Detroit's central downtown shopping street, Woodward Avenue. During the last two decades, Woodward Avenue has lost most of its retail market to suburban shopping centers. The ...

Lewis, Philip Strickland

1981-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

83

City of Detroit (Michigan) EIA Revenue and Sales - November 2008 | Open  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

City of Detroit (Michigan) EIA Revenue and Sales - November 2008 City of Detroit (Michigan) EIA Revenue and Sales - November 2008 Jump to: navigation, search EIA Monthly Electric Utility Sales and Revenue Data for City of Detroit for November 2008. Monthly Electric Utility Sales and Revenue Data Short Name 2008-11 Utility Company City of Detroit (Michigan) Place Michigan Start Date 2008-11-01 End Date 2008-12-01 Residential Revenue(Thousand $) 1.709 Residential Sales (MWh) 17.18 Residential Consumers 79 Commercial Revenue(Thousand $) 4219 Commercial Sales (MWh) 41796 Commercial Consumers 126 Other Revenue (Thousand $) 38.9 Other Sales (MWh) 376.3 Other Consumers 1 Total Revenue (Thousand $) 4259.609 Total Sales (MWh) 42189.48 Total Consumers 206 Source: Energy Information Administration. Form EIA-826 Database Monthly

84

City of Detroit (Michigan) EIA Revenue and Sales - March 2008 | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

City of Detroit (Michigan) EIA Revenue and Sales - March 2008 City of Detroit (Michigan) EIA Revenue and Sales - March 2008 Jump to: navigation, search EIA Monthly Electric Utility Sales and Revenue Data for City of Detroit for March 2008. Monthly Electric Utility Sales and Revenue Data Short Name 2008-03 Utility Company City of Detroit (Michigan) Place Michigan Start Date 2008-03-01 End Date 2008-04-01 Residential Revenue(Thousand $) 1.4 Residential Sales (MWh) 16 Residential Consumers 81 Commercial Revenue(Thousand $) 3467 Commercial Sales (MWh) 38666 Commercial Consumers 117 Other Revenue (Thousand $) 50 Other Sales (MWh) 455 Other Consumers 1 Total Revenue (Thousand $) 3518.4 Total Sales (MWh) 39137 Total Consumers 199 Source: Energy Information Administration. Form EIA-826 Database Monthly Electric Utility Sales and Revenue Data [1]

85

Comparative Analysis of Urban Decay and Renewal in the Cities of Detroit and Pittsburgh, Postwar to Present: An Introductory Survey .  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??The thesis represents the results of comparing and analyzing the social and economic circumstances of Detroit and Pittsburgh over the last seventy years in the… (more)

Tolksdorf, Alexander

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

86

Women and the high school principalship: metropolitan detroit principals' and superintendents' perceptions regarding barriers and facilitators for job attainment.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??WOMEN AND THE HIGH SCHOOL PRINCIPALSHIP: METROPOLITAN DETROIT PRINCIPALS' AND SUPERINTENDENTS' PERCEPTIONS REGARDING BARRIERS AND FACILITATORS FOR JOB ATTAINMENT by HEIDI SCHNABEL KATTULA 2011 Advisor:… (more)

Schnabel Kattula, Heidi

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

87

City of Detroit (Michigan) EIA Revenue and Sales - February 2008 | Open  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

source source History View New Pages Recent Changes All Special Pages Semantic Search/Querying Get Involved Help Apps Datasets Community Login | Sign Up Search Page Edit History Facebook icon Twitter icon » City of Detroit (Michigan) EIA Revenue and Sales - February 2008 Jump to: navigation, search EIA Monthly Electric Utility Sales and Revenue Data for City of Detroit for February 2008. Monthly Electric Utility Sales and Revenue Data Short Name 2008-02 Utility Company City of Detroit (Michigan) Place Michigan Start Date 2008-02-01 End Date 2008-03-01 Residential Revenue(Thousand $) 1.5 Residential Sales (MWh) 17 Residential Consumers 76 Commercial Revenue(Thousand $) 4083 Commercial Sales (MWh) 43432 Commercial Consumers 123 Other Revenue (Thousand $) 55 Other Sales (MWh) 494

88

Detroit Lakes energy systems study: Phase I feasibility. Final report, February 1, 1978--July 31, 1978  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The objective of the Detroit Lakes Energy Systems Study is to determine the economic feasibility of alternative renewable energy system configurations in the northern latitudes. A forecast through both 1990 and the year 2000 is made of the demand for electrical energy in the Detroit Lakes area. An assessment of renewable energy resources including biomass, wind, and insolation is provided. A detailed analysis is made of system costs including biomass, wind, solar thermal, solar photovoltaic, selected hybrids, and conventional fuel systems. Lessons learned and recommendations for prototype fabrication are highlighted. (MHR)

none,

1978-07-31T23:59:59.000Z

89

Field Demonstration of a 24-kV Superconducting Cable at Detroit Edison: Final Report  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Following up the successful testing of a complete 50 m, 115 kV high temperature superconducting (HTS) power cable system prototype, EPRI, Pirelli Power Cables and Systems, the Department of Energy, Detroit Edison, and American Superconductor Corporation undertook a project to design, install, and operate a 24 kV HTS power cable at Detroit Edison's Frisbie substation to serve customer load. The demonstration cable circuit ran approximately 120 m between the 24 kV bus distribution bus and a 120 kV-24 kV tr...

2004-12-22T23:59:59.000Z

90

EA-358 Twin Cities Energy, LLC | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

8 Twin Cities Energy, LLC EA-358 Twin Cities Energy, LLC Order authorizing Twin Cities Energy, LLC to export electric energy to Canada EA-358 Twin Cities Energy, LLC More Documents...

91

EA-358 Twin Cities Energy, LLC | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

EA-358 Twin Cities Energy, LLC EA-358 Twin Cities Energy, LLC Order authorizing Twin Cities Energy, LLC to export electric energy to Canada EA- 358 Twin Cities Energy, LLC More...

92

Twin Falls District | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Falls District Jump to: navigation, search Name BML Twin Falls District Office Address 2536 Kimberly Road Place Twin Falls, ID Zip 83301 Phone number 208-736-2350 Website http:...

93

Field Demonstration of a 24-kV Warm Dielectric Cable at Detroit Edison: FY2002 Annual Progress Report for the Detroit Edison HTS Cab le Field Demonstration Project  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A project sponsored by EPRI, Pirelli Power Cables and Systems, the Department of Energy, Detroit Edison, and American Superconductor Corporation was initiated in 1998 to install and operate a 24 kV high temperature superconductor (HTS) power cable in a Detroit Edison substation to serve customer load. The previous years of activity have focused on design, testing, manufacturing, and installation of the cable system as described in the FY2000 and FY2001 status reports. The successful implementation of thi...

2003-02-26T23:59:59.000Z

94

"Arab Americans and Segmented Assimilation: Looking Beyond the Theory to the Reality in the Detroit Metro Area".  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??This thesis aims to apply Segmented Assimilation Theory to the Arab-American community in Metropolitan Detroit. Segmented assimilation theory relates to second-generation immigrants, and proposes three… (more)

Weaver, Kristin

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

95

Black and white do not make grey| Narratives of women's friendship across a racial divide in metro Detroit.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

?? Interracial friendship between African Americans and whites in metro Detroit requires bridge-building across a socially constructed divide. This ethnographically-inflected, interview-based case study of the… (more)

Van't Hof, Marcia

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

96

DTE Energy Technologies With Detroit Edison Co. and Kinectrics Inc.: Distributed Resources Aggregation Modeling and Field Configuration Testing  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Summarizes the work of DTE Energy Technologies, Detroit Edison, and Kinectrics, under contract to DOE's Distribution and Interconnection R&D, to develop distributed resources aggregation modeling and field configuration testing.

Not Available

2003-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

97

Field Demonstration of a 24-KV Warm Dielectric Cable at Detroit Edison: FY2001 Annual Progress Report  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A project sponsored by EPRI, Pirelli Power Cables and Systems, the U.S. Department of Energy, Detroit Edison, and American Superconductor Corporation was initiated in 1998 to install and operate a 24 kV high-temperature superconducting (HTS) power cable in a Detroit Edison substation to serve customer load. The scope of this demonstration will result in the world's first underground installation of an HTS cable system using an existing duct network. Furthermore, the project involves installing the necess...

2002-02-12T23:59:59.000Z

98

Twin Ridges | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Ridges Ridges Jump to: navigation, search Name Twin Ridges Facility Twin Ridges Sector Wind energy Facility Type Commercial Scale Wind Facility Status In Service Owner EverPower Developer EverPower Energy Purchaser Merchant Location Somerset County PA Coordinates 39.76104709°, -78.91136169° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":39.76104709,"lon":-78.91136169,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

99

City of Detroit (Michigan) EIA Revenue and Sales - April 2008 | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

April 2008 April 2008 Jump to: navigation, search EIA Monthly Electric Utility Sales and Revenue Data for City of Detroit for April 2008. Monthly Electric Utility Sales and Revenue Data Short Name 2008-04 Utility Company City of Detroit (Michigan) Place Michigan Start Date 2008-04-01 End Date 2008-05-01 Residential Revenue(Thousand $) 1.2 Residential Sales (MWh) 13 Residential Consumers 81 Commercial Revenue(Thousand $) 4537 Commercial Sales (MWh) 41373 Commercial Consumers 121 Other Revenue (Thousand $) 55 Other Sales (MWh) 400 Other Consumers 1 Total Revenue (Thousand $) 4593.2 Total Sales (MWh) 41786 Total Consumers 203 Source: Energy Information Administration. Form EIA-826 Database Monthly Electric Utility Sales and Revenue Data [1] Previous | Next Retrieved from

100

City of Detroit (Michigan) EIA Revenue and Sales - March 2009 | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

9 9 Jump to: navigation, search EIA Monthly Electric Utility Sales and Revenue Data for City of Detroit for March 2009. Monthly Electric Utility Sales and Revenue Data Short Name 2009-03 Utility Company City of Detroit (Michigan) Place Michigan Start Date 2009-03-01 End Date 2009-04-01 Residential Revenue(Thousand $) 2.1 Residential Sales (MWh) 20.7 Residential Consumers 79 Commercial Revenue(Thousand $) 3720 Commercial Sales (MWh) 36330 Commercial Consumers 112 Other Revenue (Thousand $) 60.4 Other Sales (MWh) 560 Other Consumers 1 Total Revenue (Thousand $) 3782.5 Total Sales (MWh) 36910.7 Total Consumers 192 Source: Energy Information Administration. Form EIA-826 Database Monthly Electric Utility Sales and Revenue Data [1] Previous | Next Retrieved from

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "detroit mn twin" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
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We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


101

City of Detroit (Michigan) EIA Revenue and Sales - January 2008 | Open  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

January 2008 January 2008 Jump to: navigation, search EIA Monthly Electric Utility Sales and Revenue Data for City of Detroit for January 2008. Monthly Electric Utility Sales and Revenue Data Short Name 2008-01 Utility Company City of Detroit (Michigan) Place Michigan Start Date 2008-01-01 End Date 2008-02-01 Residential Revenue(Thousand $) 1.7 Residential Sales (MWh) 19 Residential Consumers 76 Commercial Revenue(Thousand $) 4458 Commercial Sales (MWh) 47480 Commercial Consumers 123 Other Revenue (Thousand $) 63.3 Other Sales (MWh) 537 Other Consumers 1 Total Revenue (Thousand $) 4523 Total Sales (MWh) 48036 Total Consumers 200 Source: Energy Information Administration. Form EIA-826 Database Monthly Electric Utility Sales and Revenue Data [1] Previous | Next Retrieved from

102

Detroit Lakes Energy Systems Study. Quarterly technical progress report, February 1, 1978--April 30, 1978  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The initial phase of the Detroit Lakes Energy Systems Study was designed to assemble and analyze sufficient data from which to recommend specific classes of alternative energy supplies. Most of the information on meteorological conditions and biomass materials have been obtained. This is being compiled into a useful form for future evaluation. Research into legal and economic areas are underway. Analysis of this data is being conducted and results will be used in assessing the impact of alternative energy systems. Current technical information on solar thermal, solar photovoltaic, wind and hybrid power systems is being evaluated. Potential systems are being considered in light of their impact on the Detroit Lakes region and the northern latitudes in general. Final evaluation of the data is expected well within schedule.

DeVillers, K.E.

1978-05-08T23:59:59.000Z

103

Twinning in Titanium - Programmaster.org  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Presentation Title, Extended Zonal Dislocations Mediating {11-22} Twinning in Titanium. Author(s), Bin Li. On-Site ... Planned: A CD-only volume ...

104

Higher than those of their race of less fortunate advantages:Race, ethnicity, and West Indian political leadership in Detroit's African American community, 1885-1940.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??This dissertation explores West Indian immigrants in the city of Detroit and their leadership of key institutions in the African American community from 1885 to… (more)

Beard, Kathryn Lorraine

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

105

BLM Twin Falls District Office | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Twin Falls District Office Jump to: navigation, search Name BLM Twin Falls District Office Address 2536 Kimberly Road Place Twin Falls, ID Zip 83301 Phone number 208-735-2060...

106

EA-344-A Twin Cities Power | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

4-A Twin Cities Power EA-344-A Twin Cities Power Order authorizing Royal Bank of Canada to export electric energy to Canada EA-344-A Twin Cities Power More Documents & Publications...

107

Advanced Communication and Control of Distributed Energy Resources at Detroit Edison  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The project objective was to create the communication and control system, the process and the economic procedures that will allow owners (e.g., residential, commercial, industrial, manufacturing, etc.) of Distributed Energy Resources (DER) connected in parallel to the electric distribution to have their resources operated in a manner that protects the electric utility distribution network and personnel that may be working on the network. The Distribution Engineering Workstation (DEW) (a power flow and short circuit modeling tool) was modified to calculate the real-time characteristics of the distribution network based on the real-time electric distribution network information and provide DER operating suggestions to the Detroit Edison system operators so that regional electric stability is maintained. Part of the suggestion algorithm takes into account the operational availability of DER’s, which is known by the Energy Aggregator, DTE Energy Technologies. The availability information will be exchanged from DTE Energy Technologies to Detroit Edison. For the calculated suggestions to be used by the Detroit Edison operators, procedures were developed to allow an operator to operate a DER by requesting operation of the DER through DTE Energy Technologies. Prior to issuing control of a DER, the safety of the distribution network and personnel needs to be taken into account. This information will be exchanged from Detroit Edison to DTE Energy Technologies. Once it is safe to control the DER, DTE Energy Technologies will issue the control signal. The real-time monitoring of the DECo system will reflect the DER control. Multi-vendor DER technologies’ representing approximately 4 MW of capacity was monitored and controlled using a web-based communication path. The DER technologies included are a photovoltaic system, energy storage, fuel cells and natural gas/diesel internal combustion engine generators. This report documents Phase I result for the Detroit Edison (Utility) led team, which also includes: DTE Energy Technology (DER provider & Aggregator), Electrical Distribution Design (Virginia Tech company supporting DEW); Systems Integration Specialists Company (real-time protocol integrator); and OSIsoft (software system for managing real-time information). This work was performed in anticipation of being selected for Phase II of the Advanced Communication and Control of Distributed Energy Resources project.

Haukur Asgeirsson; Richard Seguin

2004-01-31T23:59:59.000Z

108

Stressing Out the Twins in Magnesium | Advanced Photon Source  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

metals are known to undergo crystallographic twinning, when parts of a grain abruptly flip and create mirror-image copies of themselves. Because twinning also results in new...

109

Tensile Properties of Nano-Twinned Cu Nano-Pillars  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

While most reports on nano-twinned metals to date are polycrystalline, where randomly oriented nano-twins are embedded within grains, we developed a ...

110

Clean Cities: Twin Cities Clean Cities coalition  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Twin Cities Clean Cities Coalition Twin Cities Clean Cities Coalition The Twin Cities Clean Cities coalition works with vehicle fleets, fuel providers, community leaders, and other stakeholders to reduce petroleum use in transportation. Twin Cities Clean Cities coalition Contact Information Lisa Thurstin 651-223-9568 lisa.thurstin@lungmn.org Coalition Website Clean Cities Coordinator Lisa Thurstin Photo of Lisa Thurstin Lisa Thurstin has been the coordinator of the Twin Cities Clean Cities coalition since 2006. She is also the manager of Clean Fuel and Vehicle Technologies for the American Lung Association in Minnesota (ALAMN). For nine years, her duties have included management of ALAMN's biofuels activities through the Clean Air Choice consumer education program. Her responsibilities include coordinating events, designing educational and

111

Field Demonstration of a 24-kV Warm Dielectric Superconducting Cable at Detroit Edison: FY2003 Annual Progress Report  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A project sponsored by EPRI, Pirelli Power Cables and Systems, the Department of Energy, Detroit Edison, and American Superconductor Corporation was initiated in 1998 to install and operate a 24 kV HTS power cable in a Detroit Edison substation to serve customer load. The previous years of activity have focused on design, testing, manufacturing, and installation of the cable system as described in the FY2000 and FY2001 status reports. The FY2002 status report focused on leak detection. The cornerstone of...

2004-03-30T23:59:59.000Z

112

Shock Driven Twinning in Tantalum Single Crystals  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Recovery based observations of high pressure material behavior generated under high explosively driven flyer based loading conditions are reported. Two shock pressures, 25, and 55 GPa and four orientations {l_brace}(100), (110), (111), (123){r_brace} were considered. Recovered material was characterized using electron backscatter diffraction along with a limited amount of transmission electron microscopy to assess the occurrence of twinning under each test condition. Material recovered from 25 GPa had a very small fraction of twinning for the (100), (110), and (111) oriented crystals while a more noticeable fraction of the (123) oriented crystal was twinned. Material recovered from 55 GPa showed little twinning for (100) orientation slightly more for the (111) orientation and a large area fraction for the (123) orientation. The EBSD and TEM observations of the underlying deformation substructure are rationalized by comparing with previous static and dynamic results.

McNaney, J M; HSUING, L M; Barton, N R; Kumar, M

2009-07-20T23:59:59.000Z

113

Twin Creeks Technologies | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Technologies Place San Jose, California Zip 95134 Product California-based silicon-based thin-film PV startup in stealth mode. References Twin Creeks Technologies1 LinkedIn...

114

Complete Reducibility in Euclidean Twin Buildings  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Completely reducible subcomplexes of spherical buildings was defined by J.P. Serre and are used in studying subgroups of reductive algebraic groups. We begin the study of completely reducible subcomplexes of twin buildings and how they may be used to study subgroups of algebraic groups over a ring of Laurent polynomials and Kac-Moody groups by looking at the Euclidean twin building case.

Dawson, Denise K

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

115

EA-344 Twin Cities Power-Canada, LLC | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

44 Twin Cities Power-Canada, LLC EA-344 Twin Cities Power-Canada, LLC Order authorizing Twin Cities Power-Canada, LLC to export electric energy to Canada EA- 344 Twin Cities...

116

Solar twins in M67  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The discovery of true solar analogues is fundamental for a better understanding of the Sun and of the solar system. The open cluster M67 offers a unique opportunity to search for solar analogues because its chemical composition and age are very similar to those of the Sun. We analyze FLAMES spectra of a large number of M67 main sequence stars to identify solar analogues in this cluster.We first determine cluster members which are likely not binaries, by combining proper motions and radial velocity measurements. We concentrate our analysis on the determination of stellar effective temperature, using analyses of line-depth ratios and H$\\alpha$ wings, making a direct comparison with the solar spectrum obtained with the same instrument. We also compute the lithium abundance for all the stars.Ten stars have both the temperature derived by line-depth ratios and H$\\alpha$ wings within 100 K from the Sun. From these stars we derive, assuming a cluster reddening $E(B-V)=0.041$, the solar colour $(B-V)_\\odot=0.649\\pm0.016$ and a cluster distance modulus of 9.63. Five stars are most similar (within 60 K) to the Sun and candidates to be true solar twins. These stars have also a low Li content, comparable to the photospheric abundance of the Sun, likely indicating a similar mixing evolution. We find several candidates for the best solar analogues ever. These stars are amenable to further spectroscopic investigations and planet search. The solar colours are determined with rather high accuracy with an independent method, as well as the cluster distance modulus.

L. Pasquini; K. Biazzo; P. Bonifacio; S. Randich; L. Bedin

2008-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

117

Evaluation of Fish Passage Conditions for Juvenile Salmonids Using Sensor Fish at Detroit Dam, Oregon  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Fish passage conditions through two spillways at Detroit Dam on the North Santiam River in Oregon were evaluated by Pacific Northwest National Laboratory for the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers (USACE), Portland District, using Sensor Fish devices. The objective of the study was to describe and compare passage exposure conditions through Spillbay 3 and Spillbay 6 at 1.5- and 3.5-ft gate openings, identifying potential fish injury regions of the routes. The study was performed in July 2009, concurrent with HI-Z balloon-tag studies by Normandeau Associates, Inc. Sensor Fish and live fish were deployed at elevations approximately 3 ft above structure at depths determined using a computational fluid dynamics model. Data collected were analyzed to estimate 1) exposure conditions, particularly exposure to severe collision and shear events by passage route sub-regions; 2) differences in passage conditions between passage routes; and 3) relationships to live-fish injury and mortality data estimates.

Duncan, Joanne P.

2010-01-29T23:59:59.000Z

118

Field Demonstration of a 24-kV Superconducting Cable at Detroit Edison  

SciTech Connect

Customer acceptance of high temperature superconducting (HTS) cable technology requires a substantial field demonstration illustrating both the system's technical capabilities and its suitability for installation and operation within the utility environment. In this project, the world's first underground installation of an HTS cable using existing ductwork, a 120 meter demonstration cable circuit was designed and installed between the 24 kV bus distribution bus and a 120 kV-24 kV transformer at Detroit Edison's Frisbie substation. The system incorporated cables, accessories, a refrigeration system, and control instrumentation. Although the system was never put in operation because of problems with leaks in the cryostat, the project significantly advanced the state-of-the-art in the design and implementation of Warm Dielectric cable systems in substation applications. Lessons learned in this project are already being incorporated in several ongoing demonstration projects.

Kelley, Nathan; Corsaro, Pietro

2004-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

119

REQUEST BY DETROIT DIESEL CORPORATION FOR AN ADVANCE WAIVER OF DOMESTIC AND FOREIGN RIGHTS  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

CORPORATION FOR AN CORPORATION FOR AN ADVANCE WAIVER OF DOMESTIC AND FOREIGN RIGHTS IN SUBJECT INVENTIONS MADE IN THE COURSE OF OR UNDER DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY CONTRACT NO. DE- FC05-970R22581; DOE WAIVER DOCKET W(A)-97-009 [ORO-653] Detroit Diesel Corporation (DDC) has made a timely request for an advance waiver to worldwide rights in Subject Inventions made in the course of or under Department of Energy (DOE) Contract No. DE-FC05-970R22581. The scope of the work calls for the development of advanced materials for low emissions, high efficiency diesel engine components. The work is sponsored by the Office of Transportation Technologies. The dollar amount of the contract is $6,811,639 with DDC cost sharing $3,405,819, or 50% of the contract. DDC is a world leader in the design, development, and production of diesel engines. It has a

120

Microsoft Word - Sandalow Detroit National Summit Speech 6-17.doc  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

REMARKS PREPARED FOR DELIVERY REMARKS PREPARED FOR DELIVERY REMARKS OF DAVID SANDALOW ASSISTANT SECRETARY FOR POLICY & INTERNATIONAL AFFAIRS U.S. DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY DETROIT ECONOMIC CLUB NATIONAL SUMMIT JUNE 17, 2009 [Acknowledgements.] It's good to be home in Michigan. I grew up a mile from the Michigan Football Stadium - close enough to hear the roar of the crowd from the front yard when the Wolverines scored. My first job after graduation was at the Michigan Department of Commerce. That was many years ago. In the past several months, my new position with the U.S. Department of Energy has taken me far away - to six countries on three continents. Those trips - often exhausting - have taught me a lot. One constant lesson, which I saw especially clearly last week in Beijing, is

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "detroit mn twin" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


121

Air traffic control communication at Detroit Metro Wayne County Airport August 17, 1987  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This report contains a transcript of radio communications between air traffic controllers and pilots. The transcript was prepared as part of the ATC Interaction Research Project (AIR Project) at the Oregon Graduate Institute, which has been investigating computational representations of air traffic control (ATC) communication. The transcript was made from a tape prepared and narrated by Lawrence L. Porter, a consultant in the field of air traffic control and aircraft accidents. It follows Northwest Airlines Flight 255 as it landed and took off from Detroit Metro Wayne County Airport on August 17, 1987, showing the pilot's interaction with each of the controller positions (Arrival Radar, Local Control, Ground Control, and Clearance Delivery). A copy of this recording on cassette may be obtained by writing to the Department of Computer Science and Engineering of the Oregon Graduate Institute. The authors thank Mr. Porter for providing the recording and narration. The transcript is in two parts. The section entitled "Full Transcript" depicts all exchanges chronologically as they occurred. However, air traffic control dialogue can be viewed as many interleaved yet fairly independent conversations, so in the "Separated Transcripts" section utterances are grouped by aircraft to show the course of each individual conversation. The utterance numbers from the full transcript are preserved in the separated transcripts so that the utterance context may be located easily. The notation and transcription conventions used in these transcripts are described in Appendix A. Appendix B contains charts describing the airspace around Detroit Metro Wayne County Airport.. The utterances in this transcript contain specialized terms and usages specific to the Air Traffic Control (ATC) domain. B...

Karen Ward; David Novick; Carolyn Sousa

1990-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

122

Using twinning to adapt programs to alternative APIs  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We describe twinning and its applications to adapting programs to alternative APIs. Twinning is a simple technique that allows programmers to specify a class of program changes, in the form of a mapping, without modifying the target program ... Keywords: API mapping, source-to-source translation, twinning

Marius Nita; David Notkin

2010-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

123

Large energy absorption in Ni-Mn-Ga/polymer composites  

SciTech Connect

Ferromagnetic shape memory alloys can respond to a magnetic field or applied stress by the motion of twin boundaries and hence they show large hysteresis or energy loss. Ni-Mn-Ga particles made by spark erosion have been dispersed and oriented in a polymer matrix to form pseudo 3:1 composites which are studied under applied stress. Loss ratios have been determined from the stress-strain data. The loss ratios of the composites range from 63% to 67% compared to only about 17% for the pure, unfilled polymer samples.

Feuchtwanger, Jorge; Richard, Marc L.; Tang, Yun J.; Berkowitz, Ami E.; O'Handley, Robert C.; Allen, Samuel M. [Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, Massachusetts 02139 (United States); University of California, San Diego, La Joya, California 92093 (United States); Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, Massachusetts 02139 (United States)

2005-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

124

Meteorological Twin–Hot-Film Anemometry  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A dual-sensor, twin–hot-film anemometer is applied to meteorological measurement of wind velocity in fair and rainy weather. Two sensors, each with a pair of hot-films mounted side by side, were operated in constant-temperature mode and ...

Brian E. Thompson; Robert C. Hassman Jr.

2001-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

125

Detroit Lakes Energy Systems Study: Phase I extension. Final report, August 1, 1978-January 15, 1979. [Biomass for power plant  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

An assessment of the resource availability of biomass and the potential of utilization of renewable energy systems in Detroit Lakes, Minnesota is presented. The feasibility of retrofitting the existing power plant to house a biomass energy system is discussed. Survey and evaluation of current off-the-shelf farm implement equipment which can be adapted to the handling of selected biomass materials is presented. Density studies on sunflower stalks, grain straw, and forest residues are included. (DC)

Not Available

1979-01-31T23:59:59.000Z

126

"1. Monroe","Coal","Detroit Edison Co",2944 "2. Donald C Cook","Nuclear","Indiana Michigan Power Co",2069  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Michigan" Michigan" "1. Monroe","Coal","Detroit Edison Co",2944 "2. Donald C Cook","Nuclear","Indiana Michigan Power Co",2069 "3. Ludington","Pumped Storage","Consumers Energy Co",1872 "4. Midland Cogeneration Venture","Gas","Midland Cogeneration Venture",1849 "5. Dan E Karn","Coal","Consumers Energy Co",1791 "6. Belle River","Coal","Detroit Edison Co",1518 "7. J H Campbell","Coal","Consumers Energy Co",1451 "8. St Clair","Coal","Detroit Edison Co",1397 "9. Fermi","Nuclear","Detroit Edison Co",1133

127

The Detroit Diesel DELTA Engine for Light Trucks and SUVs - Year 2000 Update  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Detroit Diesel Corporation (DDC) is developing the DELTA 4.0L V6 engine, specifically for the North American light truck market. This market poses unique requirements for a diesel engine, necessitating a clean sheet engine design. DELTA was developed from a clean sheet of paper, with the first engine firing just 228 days later. The process began with a Quality Function Deployment (QFD) analysis, which prioritized the development criteria. The development process integrated a co-located, fully cross-functional team. Suppliers were fully integrated and maintained on-site representation. The first demonstration vehicle moved under its own power 12 weeks after the first engine fired. It was demonstrated to the automotive press 18 days later. DELTA has repeatedly demonstrated its ability to disprove historical North American diesel perceptions and compete directly with gasoline engines. This paper outlines the Generation 0.0 development process and briefly defines the engine. A brief indication of the Generation 0.5 development status is given.

Nabil S. Hakim; Charles E. Freese; Stanley P. Miller

2000-06-19T23:59:59.000Z

128

Twin Buttes Wind Farm | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Buttes Wind Farm Buttes Wind Farm Jump to: navigation, search Name Twin Buttes Wind Farm Facility Twin Buttes Sector Wind energy Facility Type Commercial Scale Wind Facility Status In Service Developer PPM Energy Inc Energy Purchaser Xcel Energy Location Prowers County CO Coordinates 37.674215°, -102.639971° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":37.674215,"lon":-102.639971,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

129

The twin bilinear diffie-Hellman inversion problem and applications  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We propose a new computational problem and call it the twin bilinear Diffie-Hellman inversion (BDHI) problem. Inspired by the technique proposed by Cash, Kiltz and Shoup, we have developed a new trapdoor test which enables us to prove that the twin BDHI ... Keywords: bilinear diffie-Hellman inversion problem, identity-based encryption, identity-based key encapsulation, trapdoor test, twin bilinear diffie-Hellman inversion problem

Yu Chen; Liqun Chen

2010-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

130

-Oriented Nickel Using -Orientated Nano-twinned Copper  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this study, we find that the electroplated (111)-orientated nickel films can be strongly enhanced by using the highly (111)-oriented nano-twinned copper as the ...

131

Corrosion Behavior of Twin Wire Arc Sprayed Inconel Coating  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Presentation Title, Corrosion Behavior of Twin Wire Arc Sprayed Inconel Coating. Author(s), Sofiane Djeraf, Yamina Mebdoua, Hadj Lahmar, Rachid Lakhdari.

132

Twinning and Slip Interactions with Grain Boundaries in Hexagonal ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Oct 31, 2013 ... The coherency strain locally imposed by these dipoles triggers nucleation of ... These twin nucleation events are attributed to slip transfer from ...

133

Study of the Relationship between Twin Boundary Fraction and ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The twin boundary fraction, given as multiples of random distribution (MRD), ... Strain Gradient and Degradation in Magnetic Properties: Focus Transformer Steel.

134

Application to Export Electric Energy OE Docket No. EA-358 Twin...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

8 Twin Cities Energy, LLC Application to Export Electric Energy OE Docket No. EA-358 Twin Cities Energy, LLC Application from Twin Cities Energy, LLC to export electric energy to...

135

Rotordynamics of Twin-Screw Pumps  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Twin-screw pumps are positive displacement machines. Two meshing screws connected by timing gears convey the fluid trapped in the screw chambers axially from suction to discharge and force it out against the back pressure. Because of the screw geometry, the circumferential pressure field around the screws is not balanced, resulting in net dynamic and static pressures applied on the rotors. The research work presented here aims at building and verifying a model to predict both: (1) the exciting lateral hydrodynamic forces produced by the unbalanced pressure field, and (2) the rotor response due to those forces. The model rests on the screw pump hydraulic models for predicting the pressure in the screw chambers as a function of the discharge pressure. These models are extended to predict the steady state dynamic pressure field as a function of the rotational angle of the rotor. The dynamic force resulting from the dynamic pressure field is calculated and applied to the rotor as a set of super-synchronous periodic forces. The structural model of the screw, although nonsymmetrical, was found to be accurately represented by an axisymmetric equivalent structure. The rotor response to the dynamic super-synchronous forces is calculated to predict the pump rotordynamic behavior. The work in this dissertation presents: (1) the axisymmetric structural model of the rotors (2) the proposed dynamic pressure model, (3) the screw pump rotor response, (4) the experimental validation of the dynamic pressure model and rotor response. The topic of twin-screw pump rotordynamics is absent from the literature. The original contribution of the work presented in this dissertation to the field of rotordynamics includes: (1) demonstrating the adequacy of an axisymmetric model for modeling the screw section, (2) developing a model for predicting the dynamic pressure field around the screws, (3) characterization of the dynamic forces (synchronous and its harmonics) applied at the screw pump rotors, (4) predicting the dynamic response of twin-screw pump rotors due to hydrodynamic forces, (5) measuring the axial dynamic pressure in two circumferential planes around the screws to verify pressure predictions, (6) measuring the dynamic response of twin-screw pump rotor.

Aboel Hassan Muhammed, Ameen

2013-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

136

Twin boundary cavitation in aged type 304 stainless steel  

SciTech Connect

A transition from grain to twin boundary cavitation was observed in aged- and-creep-tested type 304 stainless steel. Evidence of twin boundary cavitation has also been observed for unaged material under certain test conditions. This same behavior was also found in aged type 316 stainless steel. Several possible reasons have been suggested for the absence of frequently observed grain boundary cavitation. (auth)

Sikka, V.K.; Swindeman, R.W.; Brinkman, C.R.

1975-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

137

Pretransition Phenomena and Twin Boundary Motion in NiMnGa ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Symposium, O. Advanced Neutron and Synchrotron Studies of Materials .... Status of China Spallation Neutron Source and Perspectives of Neutron Research in ...

138

Hydrogen-assisted failure in a Fe-Mn-C twinning-induced plasticity ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

About this Abstract. Meeting, 2014 TMS Annual Meeting & Exhibition. Symposium , Multiscale Approaches to Hydrogen-assisted Degradation of Metals.

139

Wildlife and Wildlife Habitat Loss Assessment at Detroit Big Cliff Dam and Reservoir Project, North Santiam River, Oregon, 1985 Final Report.  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

A habitat based assessment was conducted of the US Army Corps of Engineers' Detroit/Big Cliff Dam and Reservoir Project (Detroit Project) on the North Santiam River, Oregon, to determine losses or gains resulting from the development and operation of the hydroelectric-related components of the project. Preconstruction, postconstruction, and recent vegetation cover types at the project site were mapped based on aerial photographs from 1939, 1956, and 1979, respectively. Vegetation cover types were identified within the affected area and acreages of each type at each time period were determined. Ten wildlife target species were selected to represent a cross-section of species groups affected by the project. An interagency team evaluated the suitability of the habitat to support the target species at each time period. An evaluation procedure which accounted for both the quantity and quality of habitat was used to aid in assessing impacts resulting from the project. The Detroit Project extensively altered or affected 6324 acres of land and river in the North Santiam River drainage. Impacts to wildlife centered around the loss of 1,608 acres of conifer forest and 620 acres of riparian habitat. Impacts resulting from the Detroit Project included the loss of winter range for black-tailed deer and Roosevelt elk, and the loss of year-round habitat for deer, river otter, beaver, ruffed grouse, pileated woodpecker, spotted owl, and many other wildlife species. Bald eagle and osprey were benefited by an increase in foraging habitat. The potential of the affected area to support wildlife was greatly altered as a result of the Detroit Project. Losses or gains in the potential of the habitat to support wildlife will exist over the life of the project.

Noyes, J.H.

1985-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

140

Design of Twin Structures in SiC Nanowires  

SciTech Connect

With covalent bonding, SiC has high mechanical strength and a large energy gap in electronic band structure. Nanoscale SiC, in the form of nanowires, has increased mechanical toughness and variable band gaps. Further, introduction of twin boundaries into cubic SiC nanowires can result in improvement in both mechanical and electronic properties. This review presents effects of twin boundaries on properties of cubic SiC nanowires, including mechanical and electronic properties. Further, this review presents recent developments in introducing twin boundaries into cubic SiC nanowires, controllably and uncontrollably.

Yongfeng Zhang; Hanchen Huang

2012-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "detroit mn twin" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


141

Hydroacoustic Evaluation of Juvenile Salmonid Passage and Distribution at Detroit Dam, 2011  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Pacific Northwest National Laboratory evaluated juvenile salmonid passage and distribution at Detroit Dam (DET) on the North Santiam River, Oregon for the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers (USACE) to provide data to support decisions on long-term measures to enhance downstream passage at DET and others dams in USACE’s Willamette Valley Project. This study was conducted in response to regulatory requirements necessitated by the listing of Upper Willamette River Spring Chinook salmon (Oncorhynchus tshawytscha) and Upper Willamette River steelhead (O. mykiss) as threatened under the Endangered Species Act. The goal of the study was to provide information of juvenile salmonid passage and distribution at DET from February 2011 through February 2012. The results of the hydroacoustic study provide new and, in some cases, first-ever data on passage estimates, run timing, distributions, and relationships between fish passage and environmental variables at the dam. This information will inform management decisions on the design and development of surface passage and collection devices to help restore Chinook salmon populations in the North Santiam River watershed above DET. During the entire study period, an estimated total of 182,526 smolt-size fish (±4,660 fish, 95% CI) passed through turbine penstock intakes. Run timing peaked in winter and early spring months. Passage rates were highest during late fall, winter and early spring months and low during summer. Horizontal distribution for hours when both turbine units were operated simultaneously indicated Unit 2 passed almost twice as much fish as Unit 1. Diel distribution for smolt-size fish during the study period was fairly uniform, indicating fish were passing the turbines at all times of the day. A total of 5,083 smolt-size fish (± 312 fish, 95% CI) were estimated passed via the spillway when it was open between June 23 and September 27, 2011. Daily passage was low at the spillway during the June-August period, and increased somewhat in September 2011. When the spillway was operated simultaneously with the turbines, spillway efficiency (efficiency is estimated as spillway passage divided by total project passage) was 0.72 and effectiveness (fish:flow ratio—proportion fish passage at a route (e.g., spillway) divided by proportion water through that route out of the total project) was 2.69. That is, when the spillway was open, 72% of the fish passing the dam used the spillway and 28% passed into the turbine penstocks. Diel distribution for smolt-size fish at the spillway shows a distinct peak in passage between mid-morning and mid-afternoon and low passage at night. We estimated that 23,339 smolt-size fish (± 572 fish, 95% CI) passed via the Regulating Outlet (RO) when it was open from October 29 through November 12, 2011, January 2-6, and January 20 through February 3, 2012. During the October–November period, RO passage peaked at 1,086 fish on November 5, with a second peak on November 7 (1,075 fish). When the RO was operated simultaneously with the turbines, RO efficiency was 0.33 and effectiveness was 0.89. In multiple regression analyses, a relatively parsimonious model was selected that predicted the observed fish passage data well. The best model included forebay temperature at depth, forebay elevation, total discharge, hours of daylight, and the operation period. The vertical distribution of fish in the forebay near the face of the dam where the transducers sampled showed fish were generally distributed throughout the water column during all four operational periods. During the refill and full pool periods, vertical distribution was bi-modal with surface-layer and mid-water modes. Patterns for day and night distributions were variable. Fish were distributed above and below the thermocline when it was present (full pool and drawdown periods).

Khan, Fenton; Royer, Ida M.; Johnson, Gary E.; Ham, Kenneth D.

2012-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

142

Natural Little Hierarchy from Partially Goldstone Twin Higgs  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

a Partially Goldstone Twin Higgs arXiv:hep-ph/0510273v1 20symmetry is broken the Higgs ?elds emerge as light pseudo-is exactly that of the two Higgs doublet standard model,

Chacko, Z.; Nomura, Yasunori; Papucci, Michele; Perez, Gilad

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

143

Comparison of the Spectra of the Voices of Twins  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Differences between identical and fraternal twins have long been examined in attempts to separate characteristics determined by nature from those resulting from nurturing. This paper describes a study of the vocal spectra pairs of monozygotic

M. Alpert; R. L. Kurtzberg; M. Pilot; A. J. Friedhoff

1963-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

144

Age and mass of solar twins constrained by lithium abundance  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Aims. We analyze the non-standard mixing history of the solar twins HIP 55459, HIP 79672, HIP 56948, HIP 73815 and HIP 100963, in order to determine as precisely as possible their mass and age. Methods. We computed a grid of evolutionary models with non-standard mixing at given metallicities with the Toulouse-Geneva code for a range of stellar masses assuming an error bar of +- 50K in Teff. We choose the evolutionary model that best fit the observed low lithium abundances observed in the solar twins. Results. Our best model for each solar twin provides a mass and age solution constrained by their Li content and Teff determination. HIP 56948 is the best solar twin at the present time and our analysis gives a mass of 0.994 +- 0.004 Msun and an age of 4.71 +- 1.39 Gyr. Conclusions. Non-standard mixing is required to explain the low Li abundances observed in solar-twins. Li depletion due to the additional mixing in solar-twins is strongly mass dependent. An accurate lithium abundance measurement connected with no...

Nascimento, J D do; Melendez, J; Bazot, M; Théado, S; de Mello, G F Porto; De Medeiros, J R

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

145

Solar twins in M67 : Evolutionary status and lithium abundance  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We determine the age and mass of the three best solar twin candidates in open cluster M67 through lithium evolutionary models. We computed a grid of evolutionary models with non-standard mixing at metallicity [Fe/H] = 0.01 with the Toulouse-Geneva evolution code for a range of stellar masses. We estimated the mass and age of 10 solar analogs belonging to the open cluster M67. We made a detailed study of the three solar twins of the sample, YPB637, YPB1194, and YPB1787. We obtained a very accurate estimation of the mass of our solar analogs in M67 by interpolating in the grid of evolutionary models. The three solar twins allowed us to estimate the age of the open cluster, which is 3.87+0.55-0.66 Gyr, which is better constrained than former estimates. Our results show that the 3 solar twin candidates have one solar mass within the errors and that M67 has a solar age within the errors, validating its use as a solar proxy. M67 is an important cluster when searching for solar twins.

Castro, M; Biazzo, K; Melendez, J; De Medeiros, J R

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

146

Twin Groves II (07) Wind Farm | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Twin Groves II (07) Wind Farm Twin Groves II (07) Wind Farm Facility Twin Groves II (07) Sector Wind energy Facility Type Commercial Scale Wind Facility Status In Service Owner Horizon Wind Energy Developer Horizon Wind Energy Energy Purchaser Constellation Energy Location McLean County IL Coordinates 40.463317°, -88.64753° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":40.463317,"lon":-88.64753,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

147

Determining the Appropriate Package and Transportation Methodology for the Detroit Edison, Fermi II Msrs and Associated Components  

SciTech Connect

During the spring of 2005, Detroit Edison, Enrico Fermi II Nuclear Power Station (Fermi) decided to disposition two MSRs and associated components scheduled for replacement in the spring of 2006 during the MSR Replacement Outage. Of concern to Fermi was the proper packaging and transportation methodology when dis-positioning a component measuring approximately 110' in length and 13' in diameter and weighing over 300 tons. Upon removal from the Turbine Deck the retired MSRs and associated components were turned over to the Rad Waste Group for packaging and final disposition. Fermi requested quotations from vendors to package, transport, and disposition the MSRs and associated components. However, multiple Vendors informed Fermi that the size and weight of the MSRs were questionable in passing permitting requirements and would require segmentation and volume reduction on site or at a waste processor. Fermi contracted with MHF Logistical Solutions (MHF-LS) based on their ability to receive clearances for shipping the MSRs in one piece via two heavy haul rail conveyances acting as a bolstered load with professionally engineered blocking and bracing configured to support the retired MSRs. (authors)

Weber, B. [Detroit Edison Company/Enrico Fermi II Nuclear Power Station, Newport, MI (United States); Dempsey, S. [MHF Logistical Solutions, Oak Ridge, TN (United States)

2007-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

148

Final Project Report - ARM CLASIC CIRPAS Twin Otter Aerosol  

SciTech Connect

The NOAA/ESRL/GMD aerosol group made three types of contributions related to airborne measurements of aerosol light scattering and absorption for the Cloud and Land Surface Interaction Campaign (CLASIC) in June 2007 on the Twin Otter research airplane operated by the Center for Interdisciplinary Remotely-Piloted Aircraft Studies (CIRPAS). GMD scientists served as the instrument mentor for the integrating nephelometer and particle soot absorption photometer (PSAP) on the Twin Otter during CLASIC, and were responsible for (1) instrument checks/comparisons; (2) instrument trouble shooting/repair; and (3) data quality control (QC) and submittal to the archive.

John A. Ogren

2010-04-05T23:59:59.000Z

149

Long-term behaviour of twin tunnels in London clay  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

-state settlement RT, RTi Tunnel radius, and initial value S Settlement s Deviatoric stress tensor xxxi CONTENTS s¯ Deviatoric stress tensor stated relative to rotated yield surface axis Sintc , S int cmid Additional Scmax(ss) due to twin-tunnel interaction...

Laver, Richard George

2011-03-15T23:59:59.000Z

150

The twin Diffie-Hellman problem and applications  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We propose a new computational problem called the twin Diffie-Hellman problem. This problem is closely related to the usual (computational) Diffie-Hellman problem and can be used in many of the same cryptographic constructions that are based on the Diffie-Hellman ...

David Cash; Eike Kiltz; Victor Shoup

2008-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

151

Mn deposition on Ni{sub 2}MnGa(100)  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We report the study of Mn adlayers on a Mn deficient Ni{sub 2}MnGa(100) surface by using low energy electron diffraction (LEED). The spot profile analysis indicates that after 0.2 monolayer (ML) deposition, the LEED spots become very sharp. This pattern indicates the removal of Mn vacancies formed on the surface due to Mn deficiency. But with further growth of Mn layers on this surface, the LEED spots become broad.

Nayak, J.; Rai, Abhishek; D'Souza, S. W.; Maniraj, M.; Barman, S. R. [UGC-DAE Consortium for Scientific Research, Khandwa Road, Indore, 452001, M.P. (India)

2012-06-05T23:59:59.000Z

152

Category:Minneapolis, MN | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

MN MN Jump to: navigation, search Go Back to PV Economics By Location Media in category "Minneapolis, MN" The following 16 files are in this category, out of 16 total. SVFullServiceRestaurant Minneapolis MN Northern States Power Co (Minnesota) Excel Energy.png SVFullServiceRestauran... 89 KB SVHospital Minneapolis MN Northern States Power Co (Minnesota) Excel Energy.png SVHospital Minneapolis... 85 KB SVLargeHotel Minneapolis MN Northern States Power Co (Minnesota) Excel Energy.png SVLargeHotel Minneapol... 85 KB SVLargeOffice Minneapolis MN Northern States Power Co (Minnesota) Excel Energy.png SVLargeOffice Minneapo... 82 KB SVMediumOffice Minneapolis MN Northern States Power Co (Minnesota) Excel Energy.png SVMediumOffice Minneap... 83 KB SVMidriseApartment Minneapolis MN Northern States Power Co (Minnesota) Excel Energy.png

153

A Phase-Field Model for Deformation Twinning  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

First Principles Modeling of Shape Memory Alloy Magnetic Refrigeration Materials ... of Lithium Battery Materials LiMPO4 (M = Mn, Fe, Co, and Ni): A Comparative ... Forming-Crush Simulation Optimization Using Internal State Variable Model.

154

Twin Valley Electric Coop Inc | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Valley Electric Coop Inc Valley Electric Coop Inc Jump to: navigation, search Name Twin Valley Electric Coop Inc Place Kansas Utility Id 18962 Utility Location Yes Ownership C NERC Location SPP NERC SPP Yes RTO SPP Yes Activity Distribution Yes References EIA Form EIA-861 Final Data File for 2010 - File1_a[1] LinkedIn Connections CrunchBase Profile No CrunchBase profile. Create one now! This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by expanding it. Utility Rate Schedules Grid-background.png All Electric and/or Air Source Heat Pump Commercial Commercial Large Commercial Commercial Small Commercial Farm and Residential Residential Average Rates Residential: $0.1240/kWh Commercial: $0.1510/kWh References ↑ "EIA Form EIA-861 Final Data File for 2010 - File1_a" Retrieved from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=Twin_Valley_Electric_Coop_Inc&oldid=411888"

155

Twin Springs Resort Space Heating Low Temperature Geothermal Facility |  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Springs Resort Space Heating Low Temperature Geothermal Facility Springs Resort Space Heating Low Temperature Geothermal Facility Jump to: navigation, search Name Twin Springs Resort Space Heating Low Temperature Geothermal Facility Facility Twin Springs Resort Sector Geothermal energy Type Space Heating Location Boise, Idaho Coordinates 43.6135002°, -116.2034505° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[]}

156

Twin Peaks Motel Space Heating Low Temperature Geothermal Facility | Open  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Peaks Motel Space Heating Low Temperature Geothermal Facility Peaks Motel Space Heating Low Temperature Geothermal Facility Jump to: navigation, search Name Twin Peaks Motel Space Heating Low Temperature Geothermal Facility Facility Twin Peaks Motel Sector Geothermal energy Type Space Heating Location Ouray, Colorado Coordinates 38.0227716°, -107.6714487° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[]}

157

MHK Projects/Twin Pond | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Twin Pond Twin Pond < MHK Projects Jump to: navigation, search << Return to the MHK database homepage Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":5,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"500px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"File:Aquamarine-marker.png","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":36.7971,"lon":-89.1361,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"http:\/\/prod-http-80-800498448.us-east-1.elb.amazonaws.com\/w\/images\/7\/74\/Aquamarine-marker.png","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

158

Characterization of Fish Passage Conditions through a Francis Turbine, Spillway, and Regulating Outlet at Detroit Dam, Oregon, Using Sensor Fish, 2009  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Fish passage conditions through two spillways, a Francis turbine, and a regulating outlet (RO) at Detroit Dam on the North Santiam River in Oregon were evaluated by Pacific Northwest National Laboratory for the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers (USACE), Portland District, using Sensor Fish devices. The objective of the study was to describe and compare passage exposure conditions, identifying potential fish injury regions within the routes. The study was performed in July, October, and December 2009 concurrent with HI-Z balloon-tag studies by Normandeau Associates, Inc. Sensor Fish data were analyzed to estimate 1) exposure conditions, particularly exposure to severe strike, collision, and shear events by passage route sub-regions; 2) differences in passage conditions between passage routes; and 3) relationships to live-fish injury and mortality data estimates. Comparison of the three passage routes evaluated at Detroit Dam indicates that the RO passage route through the 5-ft gate opening was relatively the safest route for fish passage under the operating conditions tested; turbine passage was the most deleterious. These observations were supported also by the survival and malady estimates obtained from live-fish testing. Injury rates were highest for turbine and spillway passage. However, none of the passage routes tested is safe for juvenile salmonid passage.

Duncan, Joanne P.; Carlson, Thomas J.

2011-05-06T23:59:59.000Z

159

Modeling And Analysis of Radial Flux Toroidally Wound Twin Rotor Permanent Magnet Motor.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??The main objective of current thesis is the study of Radial Flux Twin Rotor Permanent Magnet (RFTWTRPM) motor. The tasks were to review the literature… (more)

Pratapa, Ravi Kishore

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

160

E-33: Influence of Local Strain State on Twinning Behavior during ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this study the effect of local strain state on twinning behavior during compression of AZ31 magnesium alloy was investigated, making use of a micro-

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161

Molecular analysis of the gut microbiota of identical twins with Crohn's disease  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Scheynius A, et al. (2007). Molecular fingerprinting of theN, Pace NR (2007). Molecular-phylogenetic characterizationMolecular analysis of the gut microbiota of identical twins

Dicksved, Johan

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

162

Measurement of oxygen disorder and nano-twin microstructure associated with columnar defects in YBCO.  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Studies of defects generated by high energy (>1 GeV) heavy ion irradiation in high-Tc superconductors have been performed by transmission electron microscopy (TEM). Our study shows that high dose irradiation leads to the formation of nano-twins, by which the columnar defects are connected. An analysis of the local Fourier components of the image intensity in [001] lattice images indicates that these new ''twin'' boundaries are much more diffuse than pre-existing twin boundaries in YBCO. The mechanism of the formation of nano-twin boundaries on {l_brace}110{r_brace} planes and their possible relation to superconducting properties are discussed.

Yan, Y,

1998-12-18T23:59:59.000Z

163

NONPROFIT ORG DETROIT, MI  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

films (Richard Spontak) B.S., U of Maryland, College Park BASF Stephanie T. Sullivan Functional); electrochemical reaction engineering; electrocatalysis, batteries and fuel cells. [fedkiw@eos.ncsu.edu] Michael C technologies (batteries, capacitors), ionic liquids, lignocellulosic biomass pretreatment and conversion

Berdichevsky, Victor

164

Effect of twinning on texture evolution of depleted uranium using a viscoplastic self-consistent model  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Ductility and fracture toughness is a major stumbling block in using depleted uranium as a structural material. The ability to correctly model deformation of uranium can be used to create process path methods to improve its structural design ability. The textural evolution of depleted uranium was simulated using a visco-plastic self consistent model and analyzed by comparing pole figures of the simulations and experimental samples. Depleted uranium has the same structure as alpha uranium, which is an orthorhombic phase of uranium. Both deformation slip and twin systems were compared. The VPSC model was chosen to simulate this material because the model encompasses both low-symmetry materials as well as twinning in materials. This is of particular interest since depleted uranium has a high propensity for twinning, which dominates deformation and texture evolution. Simulated results were compared to experimental results to measure the validity of the model. One specific twin system, the {l_brace}176{r_brace}[512] twin, was of specific notice. The VPSC model was used to simulate the influence of this twin on depleted uranium and was compared with a mechanically shocked depleted uranium sample. Under high strain rate shock deformation conditions, the {l_brace}176{r_brace}[512] twin system appears to be a dominant deformation system. By simulating a compression process using the VPSC model with the {l_brace}176{r_brace}[512] twin as the dominant deformation mode, a favorable comparison could be made between the experimental and simulated textures. (authors)

Ho, J.; Garmestani, H. [Georgia Inst. of Technology, Atlanta, GA 30332-0245 (United States); Burrell, R.; Belvin, A. [Y-12 National Security Complex, Oak Ridge, TN (United States); Li, D. [Fundamental and Computational Sciences Directorate, Pacific Northwest National Laboratory, Richland, WA 99352 (United States); McDowell, D. [Woodruff School of Mechanical Engineering, Atlanta, GA 30332-0245 (United States); Rollett, A. [Dept. of Materials Science and Engineering, Carnegie Mellon Univ., Pittsburgh, PA 15213 (United States)

2012-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

165

Ramp meters on trial: Evidence from the Twin Cities metering holiday  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Ramp meters on trial: Evidence from the Twin Cities metering holiday David Levinson a,*, Lei Zhang; accepted 15 December 2004 Abstract Ramp meters in the Twin Cities have been the subject of a recent test metering for several representative freeways during the afternoon peak period. Seven performance measures

Levinson, David M.

166

Chemical signatures of planets: beyond solar-twins  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Elemental abundance studies of solar twin stars suggest that the solar chemical composition contains signatures of the formation of terrestrial planets in the solar system, namely small but significant depletions of the refractory elements. To test this hypothesis, we study stars which, compared to solar twins, have less massive convective envelopes (therefore increasing the amplitude of the predicted effect) or are, arguably, more likely to host planets (thus increasing the frequency of signature detections). We measure relative atmospheric parameters and elemental abundances of a late-F type dwarf sample (52 stars) and a sample of metal-rich solar analogs (59 stars). We detect refractory-element depletions with amplitudes up to about 0.15 dex. The distribution of depletion amplitudes for stars known to host gas giant planets is not different from that of the rest of stars. The maximum amplitude of depletion increases with effective temperature from 5650 K to 5950 K, while it appears to be constant for warme...

Ramirez, I; Asplund, M

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

167

Twin Groves II (08) Wind Farm | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Groves II (08) Wind Farm Groves II (08) Wind Farm Jump to: navigation, search Name Twin Groves II (08) Wind Farm Facility Twin Groves II (08) Sector Wind energy Facility Type Commercial Scale Wind Facility Status In Service Owner Horizon Wind Energy Developer Horizon Wind Energy Energy Purchaser Constellation Energy Location McLean County IL Coordinates 40.463317°, -88.64753° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":40.463317,"lon":-88.64753,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

168

The hydrothermal system in central Twin Falls County, Idaho  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

This report describes the results of a study to define the areal extent and thickness of the hydrothermal reservoir in Twin Falls County and to propose a generalized conceptual model of the system. Specific objectives of the study, done in cooperation with the Idaho Department of Water Resources, were to evaluate the existing resource as to its volume, temperature, pressure, and water chemistry, and to determine the effects of present development on the resource. The study was limited to Twin Falls County. Some geologic, geochemical, and hydrologic data for the hydrothermal system were available from earlier studies. However, information about the subsurface at depths greater than 1000 feet was sparse. One well for which data were available was drilled to 2525 feet; several others were drilled to depths between 1200 and 2200 feet. Direct-current electrical resistivity soundings conducted during the summer of 1985 as part of the study provided valuable information about the subsurface at depths less than about 6000 feet. Interpretation of computer-generated subsurface profiles constructed from the soundings provided the basis for determining the thickness of the Idavada Volcanics over much of the study area. 42 refs., 9 figs., 3 tabs.

Lewis, R.E.; Young, H.W.

1989-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

169

Microsoft Word - Mn.doc  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

5 5 Structural Determination of Marine Bacteriogenic Manganese Oxides John R. Bargar, Samuel M. Webb (Stanford Synchrotron Radiation Laboratory), and Bradley M. Tebo (Oregon Health and Science University) Bacterial oxidation of Mn(II) impacts the global geochemical cycling of carbon, nitrogen, sulfur, nutrients, and contaminants in the environment. Manganese is abundant in the biosphere (~10 14 Kg of suspended and dissolved manganese in the oceans) and is second only to iron in relative terrestrial abun- dance of transition metals. Manganese is an important nutrient in the marine water column and is fundamentally required for photosynthesis. The acquisition of manganese by organisms and the biogeochemistry of manganese in the oceans is therefore an

170

DOE - Office of Legacy Management -- Elk River Reactor - MN 01  

Office of Legacy Management (LM)

Elk River Reactor - MN 01 FUSRAP Considered Sites Site: Elk River Reactor (MN.01 ) Eliminated from consideration under FUSRAP - Reactor was dismantled and decommissioned by 1974...

171

Twin Groves I Wind Farm | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Groves I Wind Farm Groves I Wind Farm Facility Twin Groves I Sector Wind energy Facility Type Commercial Scale Wind Facility Status In Service Developer Horizon Wind Energy Location McLean County IL Coordinates 40.463317°, -88.64753° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":40.463317,"lon":-88.64753,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

172

Tank Waste Information Network System (TWINS) FY 2001 Data Management Plan  

SciTech Connect

The mission of Tank Waste Information Network System (TWINS) is to provide system users with quality tank data and information when needed, in the form needed and at a reasonable cost.

ADAMS, M.R.

2000-06-12T23:59:59.000Z

173

Rigorous Evaluation of a Fraternal Twin Ocean OSSE System for the Open Gulf of Mexico  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A new fraternal twin ocean Observing System Simulation Experiment (OSSE) system is validated in a Gulf of Mexico domain. It is the first ocean system that takes full advantage of design criteria and rigorous evaluation procedures developed to ...

G. R. Halliwell; Jr.; A. Srinivasan; V. Kourafalou; H. Yang; D. Willey; M. Le Hénaff; R. Atlas

174

An Experimental Study of the Production of Ice Crystals by a Twin-Turboprop Aircraft  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The University of Wyoming King Air (KA) research aircraft was used in controlled, in situ experiments to determine whether or not, and under what cloud and aircraft operating conditions, a twin-turboprop aircraft would itself produce ice crystals ...

Robert D. Kelly; Gabor Vali

1991-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

175

Trends in Extreme Temperatures in Relation to Urbanization in the Twin Cities Metropolitan Area, Minnesota  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The long-term trends in extreme summer season temperatures across the Twin Cities Metropolitan Area (TCMA) associated with urbanization are examined. To assess trends in extreme temperature data, maximum and minimum temperatures from 1975 to 2002 ...

Shouraseni Sen Roy; Fei Yuan

2009-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

176

TWINNING AND DYNAMIC STRENGTH OF COPPER DURING HIGH?RATE STRAIN  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Results are presented of a study of the conditions under which microstructural changes involving the formation of complex bi?periodic twin structures occurs in copper during shock wave and high strain rate (??>10 7 ? s ?1 ) shock?less loading. We have observed that the formation of these bi?periodic twin structures results in an initial loss of shear strength that is significant over a time period of about 0.2 to 0.4 ?s.

O. N. Aprelkov; O. N. Ignatova; V. V. Igonin; A. I. Lebedev; S. S. Nadezhin; A. M. Podurets; V. A. Raevsky; V. P. Solovyev; G. A. Salishchev; M. A. Zocher; A. M. Kaul; J. M. McNaney; B. A. Remington

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

177

IMPROVEMENT OF CdMnTe DETECTOR PERFORMANCE BY MnTe PURIFICATION  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Residual impurities in manganese (Mn) are a big obstacle to obtaining high-performance CdMnTe (CMT) X-ray and gamma-ray detectors. Generally, the zone-refining method is an effective way to improve the material's purity. In this work, we purified the MnTe compounds combining the zone-refining method with molten Te, which has a very high solubility for most impurities. We confirmed the improved purity of the material by glow-discharge mass spectrometry (GDMS). We also found that CMT crystals from a multiply-refined MnTe source, grown by the vertical Bridgman method, yielded better performing detectors.

Kim, K.H.; Bolotnikov, A.E.; Camarda, G.S.; Tappero, R.; Hossain, A.; Cui, Y.; Yang, G.; Gul, R.; and James, R.B.

2011-04-25T23:59:59.000Z

178

Solid Solution Phases in Olivine-Type LiMnPO4/MnP4System  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Solid Solution Phases in Olivine-Type LiMnPO4MnP4System Title Solid Solution Phases in Olivine-Type LiMnPO4MnP4System Publication Type Journal Article Year of Publication 2009...

179

Incoherent twin boundary migration induced by ion irradiation in Cu  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Grain boundaries can act as sinks for radiation-induced point defects. The sink capability is dependent on the atomic structures and varies with the type of point defects. Using high-resolution transmission electron microscopy, we observed that {Sigma}3{l_brace}112{r_brace} incoherent twin boundary (ITB) in Cu films migrates under Cu{sup 3+} ion irradiation. Using atomistic modeling, we found that {Sigma}3{l_brace}112{r_brace} ITB has the preferred sites for adsorbing interstitials and the preferential diffusion channels along the Shockley partial dislocations. Coupling with the high mobility of grain boundary Shockley dislocations within {Sigma}3{l_brace}112{r_brace} ITB, we infer that {Sigma}3{l_brace}112{r_brace} ITB migrates through the collective glide of grain boundary Shockley dislocations, driven by a concurrent reduction in the density of radiation-induced defects, which is demonstrated by the distribution of nearby radiation-induced defects.

Li, N.; Misra, A. [Center for Integrated Nanotechnologies, Materials Physics and Applications Division, Los Alamos National Laboratory, Los Alamos, New Mexico 87545 (United States); Wang, J.; Wang, Y. Q. [Materials Science and Technology Division, MST-8, Los Alamos National Laboratory, Los Alamos, New Mexico 87545 (United States); Serruys, Y. [CEA, DEN, Service de Recherches de Metallurgie Physique, Laboratoire JANNUS, F-91191 Gif-sur-Yvette (France); Nastasi, M. [Nebraska Center for Energy Sciences Research, University of Nebraska, Lincoln, Nebraska 68588 (United States)

2013-01-14T23:59:59.000Z

180

Geothermal resource analysis in Twin Falls County, Idaho  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Thermal water is prevalent throughout central Twin Falls County. Most wells and springs that occur in the area produce thermal water from fractures in the Idavada Volcanics. However, in an area east of Hollister, thermal water issues from fractures in the Paleozoic rocks. In an attempt to explain the hydrothermal relationship between these two reservoir rocks, one composite model for the entire geothermal system in the area is proposed. As with other conceptual models of the system, available geologic, hydrologic, and geochemical data were used to develop the model. The chemistry of the thermal water appears to be strongly governed by the chemical composition of the rocks that it comes in contact with and the length of time that it is exposed to them. The shorter flow paths to the south appear to occur entirely within the Paleozoic rocks, according to the calcium bicarbonate chemistry of the thermal water. As the flow paths become progressively longer toward the north, the thermal waters apparently encounter the silicic volcanics during their ascent. The chemistries of the thermal waters gradually equilibrate to the new host rock conditions and lose their Paleozoic signatures as exposure time increases. Ultimately, the chemistry of the thermal water changes to a sodium bicarbonate type.

Baker, S.J.; Castelin, P.M.

1990-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "detroit mn twin" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


181

MN Office of Energy Security | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

MN Office of Energy Security MN Office of Energy Security Jump to: navigation, search Name MN Office of Energy Security Place St. Paul, MN Website http://www.mnofficeofenergysec References MN Office of Energy Security[1] Information About Partnership with NREL Partnership with NREL Yes Partnership Type Test & Evaluation Partner Partnering Center within NREL Electricity Resources & Building Systems Integration LinkedIn Connections CrunchBase Profile No CrunchBase profile. Create one now! MN Office of Energy Security is a company located in St. Paul, MN. References ↑ "MN Office of Energy Security" Retrieved from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=MN_Office_of_Energy_Security&oldid=379158" Categories: Clean Energy Organizations Companies Organizations

182

Composition-structure-property-performance relationship inMn-substituted LiMn2O4  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The spinel LiMn{sub 2}O{sub 4} has been extensively studied as a positive electrode active material in lithium rechargeable batteries. Partial substitution of Mn by another metal has also been the subject of recent study in an effort to improve the cycling performance. In general, the literature has shown that Mn substitution results in improved cycling stability at the expense of capacity (1,2). Resistance to the formation of tetragonal phase upon lithiation of the starting spinel (via a higher nominal Mn oxidation state in the substituted spinel) has been suggested as a mechanism for the improved performance. The degree of substitution is an important factor to optimize in order to minimize capacity loss and costs. The spectroscopic investigations on LiMn{sub 2}O{sub 4} described in the previous paper (LixMn2O4) confirmed that the cooperative Jahn-Teller effect (CJTE) from the [Mn{sup 3+}O{sub 6}] octahedra is the mechanism for the cubic to tetragonal phase transformation. The driving force for the CJTE is based upon the electronic structure, therefore changes in electronic structure should lead to changes in the phase behavior. The fact that the LiMn{sub 1.5}Ni{sub 0.5}O{sub 4} does not form tetragonal phase upon discharging (FUJI3, MUCK?), unlike the 100% Mn{sup 4+} spinel Li{sub 4}Mn{sub 5}O{sub 12} (THAC5), led to the hypothesis that an increased degree of covalency as a source for the behavior. An increased covalence would remove the driving force for the transformation, the increased electronic stability achieved in tetragonally-distorted [Mn{sup 3+}O{sub 6}] octahedra, due to a change in electron density and widening of the Mn 3d bands. The STH field is dependent upon the amount of unpaired spin density transferred between the magnetic (transition-metal) and diamagnetic ions through an intermittent oxygen ion, attributable to overlap and electron transfer effects. Therefore, the magnitude of the STH coupling constant reflects the degree of covalency (GESC, HUAN). In the case of LiMn{sub 2-y}Me{sub y}O{sub 4}, the STH coupling constant characterizes the amount of unpaired spin density transferred to the Li{sup +} from the Mn, Co, or Ni. Similarly, the La/Lb ratio of the Mn L-XES is sensitive to the amount of electron density at the Mn site as a higher ratio indicates that the Mn 3d{sub 5/2} level is more populated (GRUS1). An investigation into the effects of Mn-substitution on the electronic structure along with the ramifications to the phase behavior upon changing lithium content was carried out. To accomplish this, a set of LiMn{sub 2-y}Me{sub y}O{sub 4} with Me = Li, Co, or Ni over a range of y were synthesized, characterized, and subjected to changes in lithium content by various techniques.

Horne, Craig R.; Richardson, Thomas J.; Gee, B.; Tucker, Mike; Grush, Melissa M.; Bergmann, Uwe; Striebel, Kathryn A.; Cramer, StephenP.; Reimer, Jeffrey A.; Cairns, Elton J.

2001-03-09T23:59:59.000Z

183

Category:International Falls, MN | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

MN MN Jump to: navigation, search Go Back to PV Economics By Location Media in category "International Falls, MN" The following 16 files are in this category, out of 16 total. SVFullServiceRestaurant International Falls MN Northern States Power Co (Minnesota) Excel Energy.png SVFullServiceRestauran... 88 KB SVHospital International Falls MN Northern States Power Co (Minnesota) Excel Energy.png SVHospital Internation... 84 KB SVLargeHotel International Falls MN Northern States Power Co (Minnesota) Excel Energy.png SVLargeHotel Internati... 85 KB SVLargeOffice International Falls MN Northern States Power Co (Minnesota) Excel Energy.png SVLargeOffice Internat... 83 KB SVMediumOffice International Falls MN Northern States Power Co (Minnesota) Excel Energy.png

184

Magnetoelastic Coupling in NiMnGa Ferromagnetic Shape ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... Magnetoelastic Coupling in NiMnGa Ferromagnetic Shape Memory Alloys. Peng Zhao (Dept. of Materials Science and ...

185

Neutrinos and Lepton Flavour Violation in the Left-Right Twin Higgs Model  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We analyse the lepton sector of the Left-Right Twin Higgs Model. This model offers an alternative way to solve the "little hierarchy" problem of the Standard Model. We show that one can achieve an effective see-saw to explain the origin of neutrino masses and that this model can accommodate the observed neutrino masses and mixings. We have also studied the lepton flavour violation process l_1 -> l_2 \\gamma and discussed how the experimental bound from these branching ratios constrains the scale of symmetry breaking of this Twin Higgs model.

Asmaa Abada; Irene Hidalgo

2007-11-08T23:59:59.000Z

186

The True-Twin microcalorimeter: a proof-of-concept experiment  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We present a proof-of-concept experiment to realize microwave primary power standard with a true-twin microcalorimeter. Double feeding line microcalorimeters are widely used by National Metrology Institutes. A drawback concerns the system calibration: traditional processes changes measurement conditions between system characterization and the measurement stage. Nevertheless, if the feeding lines are made twin, a measurement scheme that avoids separate characterization can be applied, equations simplify and time consumption is halved. Here we demonstrates the feasibility of the idea. The result of an effective efficiency spectroscopy of a thermoelectric power sensor is compared with figures obtained with well established methods.

Luca Oberto; Luciano Brunetti; Marco Sellone

2011-05-02T23:59:59.000Z

187

First Principles Calculation for Magnetic Properties of Mn Alloys  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The results indicate that the ? of MnAl and MnAlGe are extremely small because of ... Alloy Design and Powder Processing of Mn-Al Based Materials for Rare Earth ... Device Arrays Using Self-limiting Low-energy Glow-discharge Processing.

188

Electrochemical Performances of LiMnPO4 Synthesized from Non-Stoichiometric Li/Mn Ratio  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this paper we report the influences of the initial lithium content on the structural, electrochemical and magnetic properties of nonstoichiometric LixMnPO4 (0.5?x?1.2) nano-particles. It has been revealed Mn2P2O7 is the main impurity when Li1.0. The different functions of Mn2P2O7 and Li3PO¬4 impurities in the non-stoichiometric compounds have been investigated systematically. At a slow rate of C/50 the reversible capacity of both Li0.5MnPO4 and Li0.8MnPO4 increases with cycling indicating a gradual activation of more sites to accommodate a reversible diffusion of Li+ ions which may be related to the interaction between Mn2P2O7 and LiMnPO4 nanoparticles. Among all the different compositions, Li1.1MnPO4 exhibits the most stable cycling ability probably due to the existence of a trace amount of Li3PO4 impurity which functions as a solid state electrolyte on the surface. The magnetic properties and X-ray absorption spectroscopy (XAS) of MnPO4?H2O precursor, pure and carbon coated LiMnPO4 and all the other non-stoichiometric LixMnPO4 are also investigated to identify the key steps to prepare a high performance LiMnPO4.

Xiao, Jie; Chernova, Natalya; Upreti, Shailesh; Chen, Xilin; Li, Zheng; Deng, Zhiqun; Choi, Daiwon; Xu, Wu; Nie, Zimin; Graff, Gordon L.; Liu, Jun; Whittingham, M. S.; Zhang, Jiguang

2011-09-12T23:59:59.000Z

189

August 27, 2009 TO: Executive Team, Twin Cities Deans, Faculty Researchers  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

____________________________________________________________________________________________________________ August 27, 2009 TO: Executive Team, Twin Cities Deans, Faculty Researchers FROM: Kathleen O'Brien, Vice President Subject: Status of Central Corridor Light Rail Transit Project's Impact on the University Corridor Light Rail Transit (CCLRT) line. As a transit-oriented community, with two- thirds of University

Amin, S. Massoud

190

Investigation of a Multiphase Twin-screw Pump Operating at High Gas Volume Fractions  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The use of twin-screw pumps for moving fluids is not new technology but its application to wet gas compression (high gas volume fraction [GVF]) is still considered relatively new. There are many advantages for using twin-screw pumps for oil field applications; three of the immediate improvements include reducing hardware costs, reducing well bore pressure, and producing a pressure boost to move the product to a central collection facility. While there are many advantages to using twin-screw pumps in wet gas applications, there are some problems that have been encountered while operating at high GVFs. When operating at high GVF, over 95 percent twin-screw pumps experience a severe loss of efficiency and an increase of operating temperature. A common way to increase the efficiency while operating in the high GVF range includes adding a liquid recirculation system where a portion of liquid is stored downstream of the pump and is injected into the pump inlet. These systems lower the effective GVF of the multiphase fluid below 95 percent in order to increase the pump efficiency. The first objective is to characterize the performance of a twin-screw pump fitted with a liquid recirculation system while operating under high GVF conditions. The second objective is to investigate the transient heat rise associated with high GVF operation. While traditional twin-screw pumps can be fitted with a liquid recirculation system to allow them to operate under high GVF conditions the pumps themselves are not optimized for wet gas compression and still suffer performance penalties. The results of this investigation show that the liquid recirculation system can allow the pump to operate under high GVF but the heat added to the system reduces the systems efficiency. Without a method of removing the heat generated in the pumping process the pump will not run at its optimal efficiency. The following investigation provides recommendations for further research in area of multiphase pumping using twin-screw pumps based on the characterization and transient studies provided in this thesis.

Kroupa, Ryan Daniel

2011-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

191

Performance Evaluation and CFD Simulation of Multiphase Twin-Screw Pumps  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Twin-screw pumps are economical alternatives to the conventional multiphase system and are increasingly used in the oil and gas industry due to their versatility in transferring the multiphase mixture with varying Gas Void Fraction (GVF). Present work focuses on the experimental and numerical analysis of twin-screw pumps for different operating conditions. Experimental evaluation aims to understand steady state and transient behavior of twin-screw pumps. Detailed steady state evaluation helped form better understanding of twin-screw pumps under different operating conditions. A comparative study of twin-screw pumps and compressors contradicted the common belief that compressor efficiency is better than the efficiency of twin-screw pumps. Transient analysis at high GVF helped incorporate necessary changes in the design of sealflush recirculation loop to improve the efficiency of the pump. The effect of viscosity of the sealflush fluid at high GVF on pump performance was studied. Volumetric efficiency was found to be decreased with increase in viscosity. Flow visualization was aimed to characterize phase distribution along cavities and clearances at low to high GVF. Dynamic pressure variation was studied along the axis of the screw which helped correlate the GVF, velocity and pressure distribution. Complicated fluid flow behavior due to enclosed fluid pockets and interconnecting clearances makes it difficult to numerically simulate the pump. Hence design optimization and performance prediction incorporates only analytical approach and experimental evaluation. Current work represents an attempt to numerically simulate a multiphase twin-screw pump as a whole. Single phase 3D CFD simulation was performed for different pressure rise. The pressure and velocity profile agreed well with previous studies. Results are validated using an analytical approach as well as experimental data. A two-phase CFD simulation was performed for 50% GVF. An Eulerian approach was employed to evaluate multiphase flow behavior. Pressure, velocity, temperature and GVF distributions were successfully predicted using CFD simulation. Bubble size was found to be most dominant parameter, significantly affecting phase separation and leakage flow rate. Better phase separation was realized with increased bubble size, which resulted in decrease in leakage flow rate. CFD results agreed well with experimental data for the bubble size higher than 0.08 mm.

Patil, Abhay

2013-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

192

City of Detroit - SmartBuildings Detroit Grant Program | Open...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

insulation, glazing treatments, windows, doors, weatherstripping, insulated roofs, solar panels, geothermal installations, wind, hydroelectric, thermal load reduction, HVAC,...

193

Low-temperature magnetization of (Ga,Mn) As semiconductors  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We report on a comprehensive study of the ferromagnetic moment per Mn atom in (Ga,Mn)As ferromagnetic semiconductors. Theoretical discussion is based on microscopic calculations and on an effective model of Mn local moments antiferromagnetically coupled to valence band hole spins. The validity of the effective model over the range of doping studied is assessed by comparing with microscopic tight-binding/coherent-potential approximation calculations. Using the virtual crystal k center dot p model for hole states, we evaluate the zero-temperature mean-field contributions to the magnetization from the hole kinetic and exchange energies, and magnetization suppression due to quantum fluctuations of Mn moment orientations around their mean-field ground state values. Experimental low-temperature ferromagnetic moments per Mn are obtained by superconducting quantum interference device and x-ray magnetic circular dichroism measurements in a series of (Ga,Mn)As semiconductors with nominal Mn doping ranging from similar to 2 to 8%. Hall measurements in as-grown and annealed samples are used to estimate the number of uncompensated substitutional Mn moments. Based on our comparison between experiment and theory we conclude that all these Mn moments in high quality (Ga,Mn)As materials have nearly parallel ground state alignment.

Jungwirth, T.; Masek, J.; Wang, KY; Edmonds, KW; Sawicki, M.; Polini, M.; Sinova, Jairo; MacDonald, AH; Campion, RP; Zhao, LX; Farley, NRS; Johal, TK; van der Laan, G.; Foxon, CT; Gallagher, BL.

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

194

Microstructural Characterization of Fe-Mn-C Ternary Alloy under ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Mercury Oxidation and Capture over SCR Catalysts in Simulated Coal Combustion Flue Gas · Microstructural Characterization of Fe-Mn-C Ternary Alloy under ...

195

Electrochemical Performance of LiFeMnPO4  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Symposium, Energy Storage: Materials, Systems, and Applications. Presentation Title, Electrochemical Performance of LiFeMnPO4: A Comparison of Synthesis ...

196

Microstructure and Coercivity of Nitrided Mn-Sn Based Alloy  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Alloy Design and Powder Processing of Mn-Al Based Materials for Rare Earth ... Enhancement of the Refrigerant Capacity in Partially Crystallized Gd-Fe-Al-B ...

197

,"Warroad, MN Natural Gas Pipeline Exports to Canada (Million...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Of Series","Frequency","Latest Data for" ,"Data 1","Warroad, MN Natural Gas Pipeline Exports to Canada (Million Cubic Feet)",1,"Annual",2003 ,"Release Date:","172014"...

198

,"Warroad, MN Natural Gas Pipeline Imports From Canada (MMcf...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Of Series","Frequency","Latest Data for" ,"Data 1","Warroad, MN Natural Gas Pipeline Imports From Canada (MMcf)",1,"Annual",2012 ,"Release Date:","172014" ,"Next...

199

,"International Falls, MN Natural Gas Pipeline Imports From Canada...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

International Falls, MN Natural Gas Pipeline Imports From Canada (MMcf)" ,"Click worksheet name or tab at bottom for data" ,"Worksheet Name","Description"," Of...

200

,"Noyes, MN Natural Gas Pipeline Imports From Canada (MMcf)"  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Of Series","Frequency","Latest Data for" ,"Data 1","Noyes, MN Natural Gas Pipeline Imports From Canada (MMcf)",1,"Annual",2012 ,"Release Date:","172014" ,"Next...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "detroit mn twin" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


201

Characterization of Mn-Co Electrodeposition for SOFC Interconnect ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Presentation Title, Characterization of Mn-Co Electrodeposition for SOFC Interconnect Applications by QCM. Author(s), Junwei Wu, Ayyakkannu Manivannan, ...

202

Electrodeposited Mn-Co Alloy Coating For SOFC Interconnects  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Presentation Title, Electrodeposited Mn-Co Alloy Coating For SOFC Interconnects. Author(s), Heather McCrabb, Tim Hall, Junwei Wu, Hui Zhang, Xingbo Liu, ...

203

Lepton Number Violating Signals of the Top Partners in the Left-Right Twin Higgs Model  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We study the collider signatures of the left-right twin Higgs model in the case that the right-handed neutrino mass is less than the mass of the right-handed gauge boson. In this scenario, new leptonic decay chains open up, allowing the particles which cancel the one-loop quadratic divergences of the Higgs, the right-handed gauge bosons and top-partners, to be discovered. Half of these events contain same-sign leptons without missing energy, which have no genuine standard model background and for which the backgrounds are purely instrumental. These signals may be used to complement other collider searches, and in certain regions of parameter space, may be the only way to observe the particles responsible for natural electroweak symmetry breaking in the left-right twin Higgs model.

Hock-Seng Goh; Christopher A. Krenke

2009-11-30T23:59:59.000Z

204

The Sun-like activity of the solar twin 18 Scorpii  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We present the results of 10 yr of complementary spectroscopic and photometric observations of the solar twin 18 Scorpii. We show that over the course of its ~7 year chromospheric activity cycle, 18 Sco's brightness varies in the same manner as the Sun's and with a likely brightness variation of 0.09%, similar to the 0.1% decadal variation in the total solar irradiance.

Jeffrey C. Hall; Gregory W. Henry; G. Wesley Lockwood

2007-03-16T23:59:59.000Z

205

Ni(II) Sorption on Biogenic Mn-Oxides with Varying Mn  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Lightsource (SSRL), Menlo Park, CA. EXAFS spectra from Ni(II) organic standards were collected in transmission-3 at SSRL. This method is described in detail in Zhu et al. (6). Results Sorption Isotherms and Dissolved Mn,anationaluserfacilityoperatedbyStanfordUniversity on behalf of the U.S. Department of Energy, Office of Basic Energy Sciences. The SSRL Structural Molecular

Sparks, Donald L.

206

A model of shape memory materials with hierarchical twinning: Statics and dynamics  

SciTech Connect

We consider a model of shape memory material in which hierarchical twinning near the habit plane (austenite-martensite interface) is a new and crucial ingredient. The model includes (1) a triple-well potential ({phi} model) in local shear strain, (2) strain gradient terms up to second order in strain and fourth order in gradient, and (3) all symmetry allowed compositional fluctuation induced strain gradient terms. The last term favors hierarchy which enables communication between macroscopic (cm) and microscopic ({Angstrom}) regions essential for shape memory. Hierarchy also stabilizes between formation (critical pattern of twins). External stress or pressure (pattern) modulates the spacing of domain walls. Therefore the ``pattern`` is encoded in the modulated hierarchical variation of the depth and width of the twins. This hierarchy of length scales provides a hierarchy of time scales and thus the possibility of non-exponential decay. The four processes of the complete shape memory cycle -- write, record, erase and recall -- are explained within this model. Preliminary results based on 2D Langevin dynamics are shown for tweed and hierarchy formation.

Saxena, A.; Bishop, A.R. [Los Alamos National Lab., NM (United States); Shenoy, S.R. [International Center for Theoretical Physics, Trieste (Italy); Wu, Y.; Lookman, T. [Western Ontario Univ., London, Ontario (Canada). Dept. of Applied Mathematics

1995-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

207

The future of the Sun: an evolved solar twin revealed by CoRoT  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The question of whether the Sun is peculiar within the class of solar-type stars has been the subject of active investigation over the past three decades. Although several solar twins have been found with stellar parameters similar to those of the Sun (albeit in a range of Li abundances and with somewhat different compositions), their rotation periods are unknown, except for 18 Sco, which is younger than the Sun and with a rotation period shorter than solar. It is difficult to obtain rotation periods for stars of solar age from ground-based observations, as a low activity level imply a shallow rotational modulation of their light curves. CoRoT has provided space-based long time series from which the rotation periods of solar twins as old as the Sun could be estimated. Based on high S/N high resolution spectroscopic observations gathered at the Subaru Telescope, we show that the star CoRoT ID 102684698 (CoRoT Sol 1) is a somewhat evolved solar twin with a low Li abundance. Its rotation period is 29 +- 5 days, ...

Nascimento, J -D do; Melendez, J; da Costa, J S; de Mello, G F Porto; Castro, M

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

208

High-Resolution Structure of the Photosynthetic Mn4Ca Catalyst from X-ray Spectroscopy  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

the Photosynthetic Mn 4 Ca Catalyst from X-ray Spectroscopystructure of the Mn 4 Ca catalyst at high-resolution whichthe structure of Mn 4 Ca catalyst as it cycles through the

Yano, Junko

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

209

MN471018, Work Planning and Control Manual  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

18, Work Planning and Control Manual 18, Work Planning and Control Manual Sponsor: Michael W. Hazen, 4000 Issue Date: January 3, 2007 Revision Date: June 1, 2009 This document is no longer a CPR. This document implements the requirements of Corporate procedure ESH100.1.WPC.1, Plan and Control Work. IMPORTANT NOTICE: A printed copy of this document may not be the document currently in effect. The official version is the online version located on the Sandia Restricted Network (SRN) MN471018 - WORK PLANNING AND CONTROL MANUAL Subject Matter Expert: Brad Elkin; CA Counterpart: Aden Jackson MN471018 Revision Date: June 1, 2009; Replaces Document: October 28, 2008 Implementation Notice: The requirements outlined in this document must be incorporated into approved comprehensive organizational procedures on or before June 30, 2009. New work planned and conducted after June 30, 2009 shall be performed in accordance with this document. Ongoing work, conducted under an existing, current, and approved PHS and TWD (if required), is authorized until the expiration of the applicable PHS, TWD, or June 30, 2010.

210

Record of Categorical Exclusion (CS) Determination, Office of Electricity Delivery and Energy Reliability (OE): PP-366 Twin Rivers Paper Company, Inc.  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Presidential Permit authorizing Twin Rivers Paper Company, Inc. to construct, operate, and maintain electric transmission facilities at the U.S. - Canada Border. Record of Categorical Exclusion

211

Electronic structure and magnetism in BaMn2As2 and BaMn2Sb2  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We study the properties of ThCr{sub 2}Si{sub 2} structure BaMn{sub 2}As{sub 2} and BaMn{sub 2}Sb{sub 2} using density functional calculations of the electronic and magnetic properties as well as experimental measurements on single crystal samples of BaMn{sub 2}As{sub 2}. These materials are local moment magnets with moderate band gap antiferromagnetic semiconducting ground states. The electronic structures show substantial Mn-pnictogen hybridization, which stabilizes an intermediate spin configuration for the nominally d{sup 5} Mn. The results are discussed in the context of possible thermoelectric applications and the relationship with the corresponding iron/cobalt/nickel compounds Ba(Fe,Co,Ni){sub 2}As{sub 2}.

An, Jiming [ORNL; Safa-Sefat, Athena [ORNL; Singh, David J [ORNL; Du, Mao-Hua [ORNL

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

212

Study of intergranular embrittlement in Fe-12Mn alloys  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A high resolution scanning Auger microscopic study has been performed on the intergranular fracture surfaces of Fe-12Mn steels in the as-austenitized condition. Fracture mode below the ductile-brittle transition temperature was intergranular whenever the alloy was quenched from the austenite field. The intergranular fracture surface failed to reveal any consistent segregation of P, S, As, O, or N. The occasional appearance of S or O on the fracture surface was found to be due to a low density precipitation of MnS and MnO/sub 2/ along the prior austenite boundaries. An AES study with Ar/sup +/ ion-sputtering showed no evidence of manganese enrichment along the prior austenite boundaries, but a slight segregation of carbon which does not appear to be implicated in the tendency toward intergranular fracture. Addition of 0.002% B with a 1000/sup 0/C/1h/WQ treatment yielded a high Charpy impact energy at liquid nitrogen temperature, preventing the intergranular fracture. High resolution AES studies showed that 3 at. % B on the prior austenite grain boundaries is most effective in increasing the grain boundary cohesive strength in an Fe-12Mn alloy. Trace additions of Mg, Zr, or V had negligible effects on the intergranular embrittlement. A 450/sup 0/C temper of the boron-modified alloys was found to cause tempered martensite embrittlement, leading to intergranular fracture. The embrittling treatment of the Fe-12Mn alloys with and without boron additions raised the ductile-brittle transition by 150/sup 0/C. This tempered martensite embrittlement was found to be due to the Mn enrichment of the fracture surface to 32 at. % Mn in the boron-modified alloy and 38 at. % Mn in the unmodified alloy. The Mn-enriched region along the prior austenite grain boundaries upon further tempering is believed to cause nucleation of austenite and to change the chemistry of the intergranular fracture surfaces. 61 figures.

Lee, H.J.

1982-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

213

The Role of Manganese Dioxide (MnO2) Deposition in Microbiologically Influenced Corrosion  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This report documents the role of manganese dioxide (MnO2) in microbiologically influenced corrosion.

2004-12-20T23:59:59.000Z

214

Effects of Mn Doping on the Dielectric Properties of Nnanostructured ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In order to further improve the insulation resistance, manganese (Mn) was introduced (0.005 at%-1.0 at%) into the TiO2 system by a powder coating process ...

215

International Falls, MN Natural Gas Pipeline Imports From Canada...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

per Thousand Cubic Feet) International Falls, MN Natural Gas Pipeline Imports From Canada (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5...

216

International Falls, MN Natural Gas Pipeline Imports From Canada...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Million Cubic Feet) International Falls, MN Natural Gas Pipeline Imports From Canada (Million Cubic Feet) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8...

217

Development of a Twin-Screw D-2 Extruder for the ITER Pellet Injection System  

SciTech Connect

A twin-screw extruder for the ITER pellet injection system is under development at the Oak Ridge National Laboratory. The extruder will provide a stream of solid hydrogen isotopes to a secondary section, where pellets are cut and accelerated with single-stage gas gun into the plasma. A one-fifth ITER scale prototype extruder has been built to produce a continuous solid deuterium extrusion. Deuterium gas is precooled and liquefied before being introduced into the extruder. The precooler consists of a copper vessel containing liquid nitrogen surrounded by a deuterium gas filled copper coil. The liquefier is comprised of a copper cylinder connected to a Cryomech AL330 cryocooler, which is surrounded by a copper coil that the precooled deuterium flows through. The lower extruder barrel is connected to a Cryomech GB-37 cryocooler to solidify the deuterium (at approximate to 15 K) before it is forced through the extruder nozzle. A viewport located below the extruder nozzle provides a direct view of the extrusion. A camera is used to document the extrusion quality and duration. A data acquisition system records the extruder temperatures, torque, and speed, upstream, and downstream pressures. This paper will describe the prototype twin-screw extruder and initial extrusion results.

Meitner, Steven J [ORNL; Baylor, Larry R [ORNL; Carbajo, Juan J [ORNL; Combs, Stephen Kirk [ORNL; Fehling, Dan T [ORNL; Foust, Charles R [ORNL; McFee, Marshall T [ORNL; McGill, James M [ORNL; Rasmussen, David A [ORNL; Sitterson, R G [ORNL; Sparks, Dennis O [ORNL; Qualls, A L [ORNL

2009-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

218

Petrology, geochronology, and chemical evolution of the Twin Peaks Rhyolite Domes, Utah  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Two distinct sequences of silicic volcanism at the Twin Peaks volcanic field, Millard County, Utah, spanned periods from 2.74 +- .10 to 2.54 +- .09 m.y. and 2.43 +- .08 to 2.35 +- .08 m.y., and produced a total exposed volume of 4 km/sup 3/ of rhyolites and volcanoclastics. Wet chemical, x-ray fluorescence, microprobe, atomic absorption, and neutron activation methods have been employed to obtain a wide range of chemical data on whole rock and mineral separate samples. Calculated distribution coefficients are comparable to previously published values for high silica rocks. Each sequence is characterized by a systematic trend from < 72% to > 76% SiO/sub 2/. Accompanying this increase in SiO/sub 2/ over time are increases in Rb, Y, Sb, Cs, U, Th, HREE and decreases in Mg, Co, Fe, Sr, Ba, and LREE. Decreases in temperature and fO/sub 2/ and an increase in fH/sub 2/O are also indicated. These trends are very similar to gradients observed in ash flow tuffs erupted instantaneously from compositionally zoned magma chambers. Chemical evolution at Twin Peaks was dominated by the same mechanism of liquid state differentiation which produce the compositional zonation in larger silicic magma chambers.

Crecraft, H.R.; Nash, W.P.; Evans, S.H. Jr.

1980-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

219

CHARACTERIZATION OF PD IMPURITIES AND TWIN BOUNDARY DEFECTS IN DETECTOR GRADE CDZNTE CRYSTALS  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Synthetic CdZnTe or ''CZT'' crystals are highly suitable for {gamma}-spectrometers operating at the room temperature. Secondary phases (SP) in CZT are known to inhibit detector performance, particularly when they are present in large numbers or dimensions. These SP may exist as voids or composites of non-cubic phase metallic Te layers with bodies of polycrystalline and amorphous CZT material and voids. Defects associated with crystal twining may also influence detector performance in CZT. Using transmission electron microscopy, we identify two types of defects that are on the nano scale. The first defect consists of 40 nm diameter metallic Pd/Te bodies on the grain boundaries of Te-rich composites. Although the nano-Pd/Te bodies around these composites may be unique to the growth source of this CZT material, noble metal impurities like these may contribute to SP formation in CZT. The second defect type consists of atom-scale grain boundary dislocations. Specifically, these involve inclined ''finite-sized'' planar defects or interfaces between layers of atoms that are associated with twins. Finite-sized twins may be responsible for the subtle but observable striations that can be seen with optical birefringence imaging and synchrotron X-ray topographic imaging.

Duff, M.

2011-06-22T23:59:59.000Z

220

Lithium Abundances in Wide Binaries with Solar-Type Twin Components  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We present high-resolution spectroscopic observations of the \\ion{Li}{1} resonance line in a sample of 62 stars that belong to 31 common-proper motion pairs with twin F or G-type components. Photospheric abundances of lithium were derived by spectral synthesis analysis. For seven of the pairs, we have measured large lithium abundance differences. Eleven other pairs have components with similar lithium abundances. We cannot determine if the remaining 13 pairs have lithium differences because we did not detect the \\ion{Li}{1} lines, and hence we can only provide upper limits to the abundances of both stars. Our results demonstrate that twin stars do not always share the same lithium abundances. Lithium depletion in solar-type stars does not only depend on age, mass, and metallicity. This result is consistent with the spread in lithium abundances among solar-type stars in the solar-age open cluster M67. Our stars are brighter than the M67 members of similar spectral type, making them good targets for detailed fo...

Martín, E L; Pavlenko, Ya V; Lyubchik, Y; Martin, Eduardo L.; Basri, Gibor; Pavlenko, Yakiv; Lyubchik, Yuri

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "detroit mn twin" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


221

Lithium Abundances in Wide Binaries with Solar-Type Twin Components  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We present high-resolution spectroscopic observations of the \\ion{Li}{1} resonance line in a sample of 62 stars that belong to 31 common-proper motion pairs with twin F or G-type components. Photospheric abundances of lithium were derived by spectral synthesis analysis. For seven of the pairs, we have measured large lithium abundance differences. Eleven other pairs have components with similar lithium abundances. We cannot determine if the remaining 13 pairs have lithium differences because we did not detect the \\ion{Li}{1} lines, and hence we can only provide upper limits to the abundances of both stars. Our results demonstrate that twin stars do not always share the same lithium abundances. Lithium depletion in solar-type stars does not only depend on age, mass, and metallicity. This result is consistent with the spread in lithium abundances among solar-type stars in the solar-age open cluster M67. Our stars are brighter than the M67 members of similar spectral type, making them good targets for detailed follow-up studies that could shed light on the elusive mechanism responsible for the depletion of lithium during the main-sequence evolution of the Sun and solar-type stars.

Eduardo L. Martin; Gibor Basri; Yakiv Pavlenko; Yuri Lyubchik

2002-06-27T23:59:59.000Z

222

Diluted magnetic semiconductor effects in Mn-implanted silicon carbide  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Light transmission and Faraday rotation spectra measured at the temperature of 2 K were compared for silicon carbide single crystals of 4H polytype (4H-SiC), implanted with 3.8 x 10{sup 16} cm{sup -2} of Mn ions at the beam energy of 190 keV, and a control 4H-SiC single crystal sample, which was not implanted. Mn ion implantation led to the creation of a Mn-doped surface layer with the average Mn concentration of 10{sup 21} cm{sup -3} and a thickness of approximately 0.2 {mu}m. Transmission of light through the implanted crystal changed only slightly in comparison with the control sample, which however, corresponded to a relatively strong attenuation in the implanted layer. This was interpreted as a result of scattering, which emerges in the surface layer due to optical nonuniformities, created by the high energy ion irradiation. The presence of a thin Mn-ion-containing surface layer led, despite its small thickness, to noticeable changes in the sample Faraday rotation spectra. The estimated values of the Verdet constant for this layer were about three orders of magnitude larger and of opposite sign compared to the Verdet constant values of the undoped sample. Magnetic field dependencies of the Faraday rotation contribution from the implanted layer were found to be saturating functions, which points to a proportionality of the Faraday rotation to the magnetization of the paramagnetic Mn ion subsystem. Based on these findings we conclude that the Mn-implanted SiC layer exhibits magneto-optical properties typical of a diluted magnetic semiconductor. At the same time, no ferromagnetic ordering was observed in the studied (Si, Mn)C sample.

Komarov, A. V.; Ryabchenko, S. M. [Institute of Physics of the National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine, 46 Nauki Ave., Kiev 03028 (Ukraine); Los, A. V. [ISS Ltd., Semiconductors and Circuits Lab, 15 Bozhenko Street, Kiev 03680 (Ukraine); Freescale Semiconductor Ukraine LLC., 15 Bozhenko Street, Kiev 03680 (Ukraine); Romanenko, S. M. [ISS Ltd., Semiconductors and Circuits Lab, 15 Bozhenko Street, Kiev 03680 (Ukraine)

2011-04-15T23:59:59.000Z

223

1Electricity from Sunlight: The RBSP Spacecraft Solar Panels NASA's twin Radiation Belts Storm Probe (RBSP) spacecraft will be  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

satellite to the nearest hundred watts? Space Math http://spacemath.gsfc.nasa.gov #12;Answer Key 1 Problem 11Electricity from Sunlight: The RBSP Spacecraft Solar Panels NASA's twin Radiation Belts Storm of the 10 solar cells in square-meters? Problem 3 ­ The amount of electrical power generated by a solar

224

Analysis of a Radome Air-Motion System on a Twin-Jet Aircraft for Boundary-Layer Research  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A “radome gust probe” system was installed on a twin-jet aircraft for the purpose of boundary-layer research. This system provided a useful relatively low-cost method for air motion and turbulence measurements on an aircraft already equipped with ...

Michael Tjernström; Carl A. Friehe

1991-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

225

Modeling twin-screw multiphase pump performance during periods of high gas volume fraction  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Multiphase pumping is a new technology used for reducing capital investments, increasing production rates, and improving recoveries in many on-shore projects. Interest is also growing in the subsea/offshore application of this technology. Multiphase pumping adds energy to an unprocessed effluent stream acting as a combined pump and compressor, permitting the recovery of oil and gas on an economical basis. In practice, multiphase production is characterized by wide fluctuations in the gas and liquid mass flow rates. During periods of substantial gas flow, temperature becomes the critical variable determining the performance of the pump. Without the liquid phase to remove the gas compression heat, temperatures in the discharge gas stream begin to rise causing a decrease in efficiency, a high temperature shut-in of the pump, and damage to the pump. While this behavior has been observed in lab experiments and in the field, a review of literature reveals that no mechanistic model exists for predicting the performance of a twin-screw pump under high gas volume flow conditions. Also, very few data are available under high GVF conditions. Both large-scale experiments and mechanistic modeling were performed as part of this research. This thesis models the behavior of a twin-screw multiphase pump under high gas volume fraction conditions. The model of the pump is based on fundamental principles of thermodynamic and fluid mechanics. The specific experimental tasks undertaken in this work include studying the volumetric pump performance during periods of high gas volume fractions, the observation of temperature increase with time under periods of 100% gas volume fraction and studying the effect of viscosity on high GVF performance. The results indicate that the pump can be operated during periods of 100% gas volume fractions. The volumetric efficiency of the twin-screw multiphase pump during periods of high to 100% gas volume fractions can be improved by increasing the viscosity of the process stream or by injecting high viscosity fluids into the pump casing. At 94-95% gas volume fraction the system transitions from isothermal conditions. And the system moves from isothermal to adiabatic (uncooled) conditions with time. A model has been generated that predicts temperature increase with time as a function of the key parameters of pump speed, differential pressure, mass flow rate, specific heat and slip flow. This model can be used to develop novel control philosophies for operating multiphase pumps during high gas volume fractions.

Singh, Aditya

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

226

Experimental analysis of pressure distribution in a twin screw compressor for multiphase duties  

SciTech Connect

This paper presents the results of an experimental investigation of pressure distribution inside working chamber of a twin screw compressor for multiphase duties. A mathematical model for describing the pressure distribution inside working chamber is proposed. By means of a small pressure transducer embedded into the groove at the root of the rotor, the pressure distributions of a multiphase compressor under various running conditions have been recorded successfully to verify the model. It is found that the pressure curve during the discharge process has a higher level under the conditions of the lower gas void fraction, higher discharge pressure, higher rotational speed and higher inlet pressure. The pressure distribution calculated by model in this paper shows good agreement with the data recorded by a small pressure sensor in a prototype multiphase compressor at the high gas void fractions under different operating conditions. (author)

Cao, Feng; Gao, Tieyu; Li, Songshan; Xing, Ziwen; Shu, Pengcheng [School of Energy and Power Engineering, Xi'an Jiaotong University, Xi'an 710049 (China)

2011-01-15T23:59:59.000Z

227

The development of uranium foil farication technology utilizing twin roll method for Mo-99 irradiation target  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

MDS Nordion in Canada, occupying about 75% of global supply of Mo-99 isotope, has provided the irradiation target of Mo-99 using the rod-type UAl sub x alloys with HEU(High Enrichment Uranium). ANL (Argonne National Laboratory) through co-operation with BATAN in Indonesia, leading RERTR (Reduced Enrichment for Research and Test Reactors) program substantially for nuclear non-proliferation, has designed and fabricated the annular cylinder of uranium targets, and successfully performed irradiation test, in order to develop the fabrication technology of fission Mo-99 using LEU(Low Enrichment Uranium). As the uranium foils could be fabricated in laboratory scale, not in commercialized scale by hot rolling method due to significant problems in foil quality, productivity and economic efficiency, attention has shifted to the development of new technology. Under these circumstances, the invention of uranium foil fabrication technology utilizing twin-roll casting method in KAERI is found to be able to fabricate LEU or...

Kim, C K; Park, H D

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

228

In-Flight Oxidation of Aluminum in the Twin-Wire Electric Arc Process  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper examines the in-flight oxidation of aluminum sprayed in air using the twin-wire electric arc (TWEA) thermal spray process. Aerodynamic shear at the droplet surface increases the amount of in-flight oxidation by promoting entrainment of the surface oxides within the molten droplet and continually exposing fresh fluid available for oxidation. Mathematical predictions herein confirm experimental measurements that reveal an elevated, nearly constant surface temperature (~2273 K) of the droplets during flight. The calculated oxide volume fraction of a “typical” droplet with internal circulation compares favorably to the experimentally determined oxide content (3.3 to 12.7%) for a typical TWEA-sprayed aluminum coating sprayed onto a room temperature substrate. It is concluded that internal circulation within the molten aluminum droplet is a significant source of oxidation. This effect produces an oxide content nearly two orders of magnitude larger than that of a droplet without continual oxidation.

Donna Post Guillen; Brian G. Williams

2006-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

229

Mineral resources of the Devils Playground and Twin Buttes Wilderness study areas, Sweetwater County, Wyoming  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The Devils Playground and Twin Buttes Wilderness Study Areas are contiguous, covering an area totalling 26,800 acres in Southwest Wyoming. The study areas have been withdrawn from mining claim location because of the rich oil shale deposits in the region. In addition, Minerals management Service considers the areas to have moderate development potential for sodium (trona), with as much as 1.2 billion tons of inferred resources. The study areas are classic sites for vertebrate fossils, yielding many thousands of specimens now in museums. Chert beds are common, and it is prized by collectors for its banded appearance. The study area shave a high resource potential for undiscovered natural gas. The study areas have a moderate potential for zeolites. A low potential exists for coal resources (coal is present at great depths) and for undiscovered metallic minerals.

Van Loenen, R.E.; Bryant, W.A. (US Geological Survey (US)); Lane, M.E. (US Bureau of Mines (US))

1991-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

230

Evaluating effectiveness of ramp meters: Evidence from the Twin Cities ramp meter shut-off  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Ramp meters in the Twin Cities have been turned off for eight weeks in Fall 2000 in an experiment testing their effectiveness. This chapter analyzes the data collected during the experiment on several representative freeways during the afternoon peak period. Several performance measures for ramp metering including mobility, equity, consumers ’ surplus, productivity, accessibility and travel time variation are developed and applied to the studied freeways. It is found that ramp meters are particularly helpful for long trips relative to short trips. On TH169, trips more than 3 exits in length benefit, while those 3 exits or less are hurt by ramp meters. Ramp metering, while generally beneficial to freeway mainline, may not improve trip travel times (including ramp delays). Reduction in travel time variation with the presence of ramp metering is observed as another important benefit from ramp meters. The results are mixed, suggesting a more refined ramp control algorithm which explicitly considers ramp delay is in order. Key words:

David Levinson; Lei Zhang

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

231

Electron Scattering in InSb Quantum Wells due to Micro-twin Defects  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The transport electron scattering due to micro-twin (MT) defects in InSb quantum wells (QWs) has been investigated at room temperature (RT). A linear-regression-based scattering analysis showed that Matthiessen's rule is applicable to the RT electron mobility in 20-nm-thick InSb QWs that contain MTs (whose density is 5.6x10{sup 2}-1.2x10{sup 4} /cm) and threading dislocations (8.7x10{sup 8}-3.2x10{sup 9} /cm{sup 2}) as dominant structural defects. For such an InSb QW whose local electron mobility in its non-MT regions is 2.8x10{sup 4}-4.5x10{sup 4} cm{sup 2}/(Vs), the MT-originated energy barrier against the electron transport is deduced to be 0.081-0.093 eV at RT.

Mishima, T. D.; Santos, M. B. [Homer L. Dodge Department of Physics and Astronomy, and Center for Semiconductor Physics in Nanostructure University of Oklahoma, 440 W. Brooks St., Norman, OK 73019 (United States)

2011-12-26T23:59:59.000Z

232

Studies on a novel secondary battery: MH/MnO{sub 2} rechargeable battery. 2: Characteristics of the MnO{sub 2} cathode  

SciTech Connect

The characteristics of the MnO{sub 2} cathode of a MH/MnO{sub 2} battery have been studied by cyclic voltammetry, x-ray diffraction, and potentiostatic techniques. It was found that the addition of Ni(OH){sub 2} to the MnO{sub 2} can prevent overcharge of the MnO{sub 2} and decrease the imbalance of the charge/discharge states of the positive and negative electrodes, raise the working voltage of the MH/MnO{sub 2} cell, and prevent the formation of Mn{sub 3}O{sub 4}, thereby improving the rechargeability of the MnO{sub 2} electrode. The discharge mechanism is also discussed.

Xia, X.; Guo, Z. [Xinjiang Univ., Urumqi, Xinjiang (China). Dept. of Chemistry

1997-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

233

Molecular beam epitaxy growth of exchange-biased PtMn/NiFe bilayers with a spontaneously ordered PtMn layer  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We report the direct epitaxial growth of equiatomic ordered antiferromagnetic PtMn layers by molecular beam epitaxy. Such layers are used in giant magnetoresistance spin valve sensors as the antiferromagnetic pinning layer. Structural characterization and phase identification confirmed the spontaneous formation of the chemically ordered face-centered-tetragonal (L1{sub 0}) phase of PtMn with about 87.4% ordering. Based on the antiferromagnetic PtMn layer, we prepared exchange-biased PtMn/NiFe bilayers with various PtMn thicknesses. The exchange anisotropy field of the bilayer with NiFe grown on PtMn stabilizes at about 50 Oe beyond a PtMn thickness of 15 nm. Although the exchange anisotropy field is small compared to that of the polycrystalline system, the antiferromagnetic domain structure is stable over repetitive external magnetic field cycling and no training effect is observed.

Choi, Y. S.; Petford-Long, A. K.; Ward, R. C. C.; Fan, R.; Goff, J. P.; Hase, T. P. A. [Department of Materials, University of Oxford, Parks Road, Oxford OX1 3PH (United Kingdom); Clarendon Laboratory, University of Oxford, Parks Road, Oxford OX1 3PU (United Kingdom); Department of Physics, University of Liverpool, Liverpool L69 7ZE (United Kingdom); Department of Physics, University of Durham, Durham DH1 3LE (United Kingdom)

2006-04-15T23:59:59.000Z

234

MN471004, Electrical Safety Manual Sponsor: Michael W. Hazen, 4000  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

MN471004, Electrical Safety Manual MN471004, Electrical Safety Manual Sponsor: Michael W. Hazen, 4000 Revision Date: June 9, 2011 Replaces Document Dated: September 4, 2007 This document is no longer a CPR. This document implements the requirements of Corporate Procedure ESH100.2.ELC.1, Manage Electrical Hazards. IMPORTANT NOTICE: A printed copy of this document may not be the document currently in effect. The official version is the online version located on the Sandia Restricted Network (SRN). Subject Matter Experts: Marc Williams and David Paoletta MN471004, Issue S Revision Date: June 9, 2011; Replaces Document Dated: April 29, 2008 Review Date: August 29, 2007 Administrative Changes: February 5, 2008, June 28, 2010, July 28, 2010, May 26, 2011, June 9, 2011, November 28, 2011, February 1, 2012

235

Rechargeable Zn-MnO sub 2 alkaline batteries  

SciTech Connect

In this paper progress in the development of rechargeable alkaline zinc-manganese dioxide cells is described. The advantages and limitations of the system are evaluated. Laboratory tests run on commercial primary alkaline cells as well as model simulations of a bipolar MnO{sub 2} electrode show that the rechargeable alkaline battery may be able to compete with lead-acid, nickel-cadmium, and secondary lithium cells for low- to moderate-rate applications. However, because of this poor performance at high rates and low temperatures, the alkaline MnO{sub 2} battery is not suitable for present automotive starting applications.

Wruck, W.J.; Reichman, B.; Bullock, K.R.; Kao, W.H. (Corporate Applied Research, Johnson Controls, Inc., Milwaukee, WI (US))

1991-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

236

Magnetic properties of a metal-organic antiferromagnet Mn,,hfipbb...py,,H2O...0.5  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

crystallographically independent Mn atoms Mn1 and Mn2 exist in this structure, and an alternate connection ­Mn1­ Mn2­Mn are discovered. Here we report the synthesis, structure, and magnetic properties of a metal-organic coordination 0.195, 0.5 mmol , py 2 ml , and H2O 5 ml was sealed in a Teflon-lined acid digestion bomb and heated

Li, Jing

237

which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. Dicephalus parapagus conjoined twins discordant for anencephaly: a case report  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This Provisional PDF corresponds to the article as it appeared upon acceptance. Fully formatted PDF and full text (HTML) versions will be made available soon. Dicephalus parapagus conjoined twins discordant for anencephaly: a case report

Usang E Usang; Babatunde J Olasode; Ayi E Archibong; Jacob J Udo; Usang E Usang; Babatunde J Olasode; Ayi E Archibong; Jacob J Udo; U Eduwem

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

238

Design of a 16T Nb{sub3}Sn Twin Bore Accelerator Dipole with a Window-frame Conductor Layout  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Accelerator Dipole with a Window-Frame Conductor Layout*Accelerator Dipole with a Window-frame Conductor Layout, J.Nb3Sn Twin Dipole with a Window-Frame Conductor Layout J.M.

van Oort, J.M.

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

239

Disentangling the Mn moments on different sublattices in the half-metallic ferrimagnet Mn3?xCoxGa  

SciTech Connect

Ferrimagnetic Mn{sub 3-x}Co{sub x}Ga compounds have been investigated by magnetic circular dichroism in x-ray absorption (XMCD). Compounds with x > 0.5 crystallize in the CuHg{sub 2}Ti structure. A tetragonal distortion of the cubic structure occurs for x {le} 0.5. For the cubic phase, magnetometry reveals a linearly increasing magnetization of 2x Bohr magnetons per formula unit obeying the generalized Slater-Pauling rule. XMCD confirms the ferrimagnetic character with Mn atoms occupying two different sublattices with antiparallel spin orientation and different degrees of spin localization and identifies the region 0.6 < x {le} 0.8 as most promising for a high spin polarization at the Fermi level. Individual Mn moments on inequivalent sites are compared to theoretical predictions.

Klaer, P.; Jenkins, C.A.; Alijani, V.; Winterlik, J.; Balke, B.; Felser, C.; Elmers, H.J.

2011-05-03T23:59:59.000Z

240

Thermal Instability of Olivine-type LiMnPO4 Cathodes  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Thermal Instability of Olivine-type LiMnPO4 Cathodes Title Thermal Instability of Olivine-type LiMnPO4 Cathodes Publication Type Journal Article Year of Publication 2010 Authors...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "detroit mn twin" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


241

Electrodeposited Al-Mn Alloys with Microcrystalline, Nanocrystalline, Amorphous and Nano-quasicrystalline Structures  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Al–Mn alloys with Mn content ranging from 0 to 15.8 at.% are prepared by electrodeposition from an ionic liquid at room temperature, and exhibit a remarkably broad range of structures. The alloys are characterized through ...

Ruan, Shiyun

242

Assessment of the Diffusive Gradients in Thin-films (DGT) technique to assess the plant availability of Mn in soils.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

predicts copper availability to plants. EnvironmentalAttempts to assess Mn availability have been impeded due towill influence the Mn availability. Often flooding of soils

Mundus, Simon; Husted, Søren; Lombi, Enzo

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

243

Control of magnetic properties of MnBi and MnBiCu thin films by Kr{sup +} ion irradiation  

SciTech Connect

Mn{sub 52}Bi{sub 48} (15 nm) and Mn{sub 54}Bi{sub 24}Cu{sub 21} (15 nm) thin films were prepared by the magnetron sputtering and vacuum annealing at 350 deg. C, and the variations of their structures and magnetic properties with 30 keV Kr{sup +} ion irradiation were studied. The MnBi and MnBiCu films exhibited saturation magnetizations M{sub s} of 180 emu/cc and 210 emu/cc, the coercivities H{sub c} of 10 kOe and 3.4 kOe, respectively. The M{sub s} and H{sub c} of the MnBi abruptly vanished by the irradiation of ion dose at 3 x 10{sup 14} ions/cm{sup 2}, while those of the MnBiCu film gradually decreased with increasing the ion dose and became zero at 5 x 10{sup 13} ions/cm{sup 2}. The different trend on the ion irradiation between MnBi and MnBiCu films is understood by the surface structure of the film, i.e., the MnBi has convex islands on its surface, which protect the underneath NiAs-type MnBi from the irradiation, while the MnBiCu has rather flat surface, and its crystal structure was uniformly modified by the irradiation. From the surface flatness and the uniformity of the MnBiCu film, as well as the low annealing temperature of 350 deg. C, it was concluded that the MnBiCu film is one of the attractive materials for high-density ion irradiation bit patterned media.

Xu Qianqian; Kanbara, Ryutarou; Kato, Takeshi; Iwata, Satoshi [Department of Quantum Engineering, Nagoya University Furo-cho, Chikusa-ku, Nagoya, 464-8603 (Japan); Tsunashima, Shigeru [Department of Research, Nagoya Industrial Science Research Institute, 1-13 Yotsuya-dori, Chikusa-ku, Nagoya 460-0819 (Japan)

2012-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

244

Thermoelectric figure of merit of LSCoO-Mn perovskites  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Oxide ceramics with nominal composition of La"0"."8Sr"0"."2Co"1"-"xMn"xO"3(0= Keywords: 72.20.Pa, 84.60.Bk, 84.60.Rb, 85.80.Fi, LSCoO compounds, Thermoelectric figure of merit, Thermoelectric materials

J. E. Rodríguez; D. Cadavid; L. C. Moreno

2008-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

245

Clarification of enhanced ferromagnetism in Be-codoped InMnP fabricated using Mn/InP:Be bilayers grown by molecular beam epitaxy  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The p-type InMnP:Be epilayers were prepared by the sequential growth of Mn/InP:Be bilayers using molecular-beam-epitaxy and the subsequent in-situ annealing at 200-300 deg. C. In triple-axis x-ray diffraction patterns, the samples revealed a shoulder peak indicative of intrinsic InMnP. The ferromagnetic transition in InMnP:Be was observed to occur at the elevated temperature of {approx}140 K, and the ferromagnetic spin-domains clearly appeared in magnetic force microscopy images. The improved ferromagnetic properties are attributed to the increased p-d hybridation due to high p-type conductivity of InMnP:Be (p {approx} 10{sup 20 }cm{sup -3}). The results suggest that enhanced ferromagnetism can be effectively obtained from Be-codoped InMnP.

Shon, Yoon; Lee, Sejoon; Taek Yoon, Im; Jeon, H. C.; Lee, D. J.; Kang, T. W. [Quantum-functional Semiconductor Research Center, Dongguk University-Seoul, Seoul 100-715 (Korea, Republic of); Song, J. D. [Center for Spintronics Research, Korea Institute of Science and Technology, Seoul 136-791 (Korea, Republic of); Yoon, Chong S. [Department of Materials Science and Engineering, Hanyang University, Seoul 133-791 (Korea, Republic of); Kim, D. Y. [Department of Semiconductor Science, Dongguk University-Seoul, Seoul 100-715 (Korea, Republic of); Park, C. S. [School of Electrical Engineering, Korea University, Anam-dong, Seongbuk-gu, Seoul 136-713 (Korea, Republic of)

2011-11-07T23:59:59.000Z

246

The Mn effect on magnetic structure of FeMn-B amorphous metals , D.M.C. Nicholson2  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

usually less than 1mm in thickness, because fast cooling rate is (~ 106 °K/sec) required for retaining] for a historical summary on the discovery of bulk amorphous metals.) They have been proposed for a range in transformers and electrical motors. Lately, high Mn content, Fe-based bulk amorphous metals have been

Widom, Michael

247

Solving Similarity Joins and Range Queries in Metric Spaces with the List of Twin Clusters  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The metric space model abstracts many proximity or similarity problems, where the most frequently considered primitives are range and k-nearest neighbor search, leaving out the similarity join, an extremely important primitive. In fact, despite the great attention that this primitive has received in traditional and even multidimensional databases, little has been done for general metric databases. We solve two variants of the similarity join problem: (1) range joins: Given two sets of objects and a distance threshold r, find all the object pairs (one from each set) at distance at most r; and (2) k-closest pair joins: Find the k closest object pairs (one from each set). For this sake, we devise a new metric index, coined List of Twin Clusters (LTC), which indexes both sets jointly, instead of the natural approach of indexing one or both sets independently. Finally, we show how to use the LTC in order to solve classical range queries. Our results show significant speedups over the basic quadratic-time naive alternative for both join variants, and that the LTC is competitive with the original list of clusters when solving range queries. Furthermore, we show that our technique has a great potential for improvements.

Rodrigo Paredes; Nora Reyes

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

248

Modeling of the optical characteristics for Twin-Channel Laser (TCL) structures  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The twin-channel laser (TCL) structure was the first laser design which incorporated the use of optical gain in the regions between the elements of an array-type device. In this paper, the authors describe the important parameters affecting the performance of TCL devices and extend our concepts to multielement (n > 2) laser arrays. The calculations indicate that the presence of a uniform gain distribution over the width of the array is necessary for the excitation of the fundamental array mode and to achieve a single lobe far field. Secondly, lateral array mode stability is drastically reduced for arrays having many elements (n > 2) and will be difficult to achieve in practice. Lastly, they find that the near-field intensity in laser array structures is more spatially sensitive to asymetric perturbations induced by either current or geometry nonuniformities than single-element devices. They believe that some of these problems can possibly be minimized by the use of a new laser array geometry which incorporates an unequal number of array elements along the cavity length in order to spatially filter the unwanted array modes.

Figueroa, L.; Holcomb, T.L.; Burghard, K.; Bullock, D.; Morrison, C.R.; Zinkiewicz, L.M.; Evans, G.A.

1986-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

249

Geothermal investigations in Idaho: Geothermal resource analysis in Twin Falls County, Idaho:  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Increased utilization of the geothermal resource in the Twin Falls - Banbury area of southern Idaho has resulted in noticeable declines in the artesian head of the system. In order to determine the nature of the declines, a network of wells was identified for monitoring shut-in pressures and temperatures. In addition, a compilation of data and reconnaissance of the areal geology was undertaken in order to better understand the geologic framework and its relationship to the occurrence of the thermal waters in the system. The results of the monitoring indicate that while water temperatures have remained constant, the system shows a gradual overall decline in artesian pressure superimposed on fluctuations caused by seasonal use of the system. Well testing and the similarity of hydrographs resulting from well monitoring throughout the area suggest that there are no major hydrologic barriers to thermal water movement in the system and that wells are affected by increases and decreases in utilization of nearby wells. 46 refs., 13 figs., 1 tab.

Street, L.V.; DeTar, R.E.

1987-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

250

Plutonium Oxidation and Subsequent Reduction by Mn (IV) Minerals  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Plutonium sorbed to rock tuff was preferentially associated with manganese oxides. On tuff and synthetic pyrolusite (Mn{sup IV}O{sub 2}), Pu(IV) or Pu(V) was initially oxidized, but over time Pu(IV) became the predominant oxidation state of sorbed Pu. Reduction of Pu(V/VI), even on non-oxidizing surfaces, is proposed to result from a lower Gibbs free energy of the hydrolyzed Pu(IV) surface species versus that of the Pu(V) or Pu(VI) surface species. This work suggests that despite initial oxidation of sorbed Pu by oxidizing surfaces to more soluble forms, the less mobile form of Pu, Pu(IV), will dominate Pu solid phase speciation during long term geologic storage. The safe design of a radioactive waste or spent nuclear fuel geologic repository requires a risk assessment of radionuclides that may potentially be released into the surrounding environment. Geochemical knowledge of the radionuclide and the surrounding environment is required for predicting subsurface fate and transport. Although difficult even in simple systems, this task grows increasingly complicated for constituents, like Pu, that exhibit complex environmental chemistries. The environmental behavior of Pu can be influenced by complexation, precipitation, adsorption, colloid formation, and oxidation/reduction (redox) reactions (1-3). To predict the environmental mobility of Pu, the most important of these factors is Pu oxidation state. This is because Pu(IV) is generally 2 to 3 orders of magnitude less mobile than Pu(V) in most environments (4). Further complicating matters, Pu commonly exists simultaneously in several oxidation states (5, 6). Choppin (7) reported Pu may exist as Pu(IV), Pu(V), or Pu(VI) oxic natural groundwaters. It is generally accepted that plutonium associated with suspended particulate matter is predominantly Pu(IV) (8-10), whereas Pu in the aqueous phase is predominantly Pu(V) (2, 11-13). The influence of the character of Mn-containing minerals expected to be found in subsurface repository environments on Pu oxidation state distributions has been the subject of much recent research. Kenney-Kennicutt and Morse (14), Duff et al. (15), and Morgenstern and Choppin (16) observed oxidation of Pu facilitated by Mn(IV)-bearing minerals. Conversely, Shaughnessy et al. (17) used X-ray Absorption near-edge spectroscopy (XANES) to show reduction of Pu(VI) by hausmannite (Mn{sup II}Mn{sub 2}{sup III}O{sub 4}) and manganite ({gamma}-Mn{sup III}OOH) and Kersting et al., (18) observed reduction of Pu(VI) by pyrolusite (Mn{sup IV}O{sub 2}). In this paper, we attempt to reconcile the apparently conflicting datasets by showing that Mn-bearing minerals can indeed oxidize Pu, however, if the oxidized species remains on the solid phase, the oxidation step competes with the formation of Pu(IV) that becomes the predominant solid phase Pu species with time. The experimental approach we took was to conduct longer term (approximately two years later) oxidation state analyses on the Pu sorbed to Yucca Mountain tuff (initial analysis reported by Duff et al., (15)) and measure the time-dependant changes in the oxidation state distribution of Pu in the presence of the Mn mineral pyrolusite.

KAPLAN, DANIEL

2005-09-13T23:59:59.000Z

251

Electrodeposited Mn-Co Alloy Coating For SOFC Interconnects  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Electrodeposited Electrodeposited Mn-Co Alloy Coating For SOFC Interconnects H. McCrabb * , T. Hall * , J. Wu # , H. Zhang # , X. Liu # , E.J. Taylor * * Faraday Technology Inc., 315 Huls Dr., Clayton, OH 45315, USA # West Virginia University, Dept. of Mechanical and Aerospace Eng.ESB, Morgantown, WV, 26506, USA Overall Objective Overall Objective Principal Investigator: Heather McCrabb, Company Name: Faraday Technology, Inc., Address: 315 Huls Drive, Clayton, OH 45315, Phone: 937-836-7749, E-mail: heathermccrabb@faradaytechnology.com, Company website: faradaytechnology.com Previous Work at WVU Results Develop an inexpensive manufacturing process for depositing (Mn,Co) 3 O 4 spinel coatings onto SOFC interconnects. Introduction The decrease in the SOFC operating temperatures from 1000°C to between 650 and 850°C has enabled the use of chromia-forming ferritic stainless steels as interconnects

252

Charge transport properties of CdMnTe radiation detectors  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Growth, fabrication and characterization of indium-doped cadmium manganese telluride (CdMnTe)radiation detectors have been described. Alpha-particle spectroscopy measurements and time resolved current transient measurements have yielded an average charge collection efficiency approaching 100 %. Spatially resolved charge collection efficiency maps have been produced for a range of detector bias voltages. Inhomogeneities in the charge transport of the CdMnTe crystals have been associated with chains of tellurium inclusions within the detector bulk. Further, it has been shown that the role of tellurium inclusions in degrading chargecollection is reduced with increasing values of bias voltage. The electron transit time was determined from time of flight measurements. From the dependence of drift velocity on applied electric field the electron mobility was found to be n = (718 55) cm2/Vs at room temperature.

Kim K.; Rafiel, R.; Boardman, M.; Reinhard, I.; Sarbutt, A.; Watt, G.; Watt, C.; Uxa, S.; Prokopovich, D.A.; Belas, E.; Bolotnikov, A.E.; James, R.B.

2012-04-11T23:59:59.000Z

253

Twin-Screw Extruder Development for the ITER Pellet Injection System  

SciTech Connect

The ITER pellet injection system is comprised of devices to form and accelerate pellets, and will be connected to inner wall guide tubes for fueling, and outer wall guide tubes for ELM pacing. An extruder will provide a stream of solid hydrogen isotopes to a secondary section, where pellets are cut and accelerated with a gas gun into the plasma. The ITER pellet injection system is required to provide a plasma fueling rate of 120 Pa-m3/s (900 mbar-L/s) and durations of up to 3000 s. The fueling pellets will be injected at a rate up to 10 Hz and pellets used to trigger ELMs will be injected at higher rates up to 20 Hz. A twin-screw extruder for the ITER pellet injection system is under development at the Oak Ridge National Laboratory. A one-fifth ITER scale prototype has been built and has demonstrated the production of a continuous solid deuterium extrusion. The 27 mm diameter, intermeshed, counter-rotating extruder screws are rotated at a rate up to ?5 rpm. Deuterium gas is pre-cooled and liquefied and solidified in separate extruder barrels. The precooler consists of a deuterium gas filled copper coil suspended in a separate stainless steel vessel containing liquid nitrogen. The liquefier is comprised of a copper barrel connected to a Cryomech AL330 cryocooler, which has a machined helical groove surrounded by a copper jacket, through which the pre-cooled deuterium condenses. The lower extruder barrel is connected to a Cryomech GB-37 cryocooler to solidify the deuterium (at ?15 K) before it is forced through the extruder die. The die forms the extrusion to a 3 mm x 4 mm rectangular cross section. Design improvements have been made to improve the pre-cooler and liquefier heat exchangers, to limit the loss of extrusion through gaps in the screws. This paper will describe the design improvements for the next iteration of the extruder prototype.

Meitner, Steven J [ORNL; Baylor, Larry R [ORNL; Combs, Stephen Kirk [ORNL; Fehling, Dan T [ORNL; McGill, James M [ORNL; Rasmussen, David A [ORNL; Leachman, J. W. [University of Wisconsin, Madison

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

254

Sco X-1: The Evolution and Nature of the Twin Compact Radio Lobes  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The radio components associated with the LMXB Sco X-1 have been monitored with extensive VLBI imaging at 1.7 and 5.0 GHz over four years, including a 56-hour continuous VLBI observation in 1999 June. We often detected one strong and one weak compact radio component, moving in opposite directions from the radio core. We suggest that the moving components are radio lobes generated by the disruption of energy flow in a twin-beam from the binary system. The average lifetime of a lobe-pair, the space motion of the lobes and the measured energy flow in the beam are discussed in arXiv:astro-ph/0104325. The lobe has a flux density that is variable over a time-scale of one hour, a measured minimum size of 1 mas (2.8 au), and is extended perpendicular to its motion. This short electron radiative lifetime may be caused by synchrotron losses if the lobe magnetic field is 300 G, or by adiabatic expansion of the electrons as soon as they are produced at the working surface. The lobes also show periods of slow expansion and a steepening radio spectrum, perhaps related to the characteristics of the beam energy flow. The radio morphology for Sco X-1 is more simple than for most other Galactic jet sources. The lobes of Sco X-1 are similar to hot-spots found in many extragalactic double sources. Scaling the phenomena observed in Sco X-1 to extragalactic sources implies hot-spot variability time-scales of 10^4 yr and hot-spot lifetimes of 10^5 yr. The recurrent formation of lobes in Sco X-1 probably does not occur for extragalactic radio sources.

E. B. Fomalont; B. J. Geldzahler; C. F. Bradshaw

2001-04-23T23:59:59.000Z

255

High-Resolution Mn EXAFS of the Oxygen-Evolving Complex inPhotosystem II: Structural Implications for the Mn4Ca Cluster  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The biological generation of oxygen by the oxygen-evolving complex in photosystem II (PS II) is one of natures most important reactions. The recent X-ray crystal structures, while limited by resolutions of 3.2 to 3.5 A, have located the electron density associated with the Mn4Ca complex within the multi-protein PS II complex. Detailed structures critically depend on input from spectroscopic techniques such as EXAFS and EPR/ENDOR, as the XRD resolution does not allow for accurate determination of the position of Mn/Ca or the bridging and terminal ligand atoms. The number and distances of Mn-Mn/Ca/ligand interactions determined from EXAFS provide important constraints for the structure of the Mn cluster. Here we present data from a high-resolution EXAFS method using a novel multi-crystal monochromator that show three short Mn-Mn distances between 2.7 and 2.8 A and hence the presence of three di-mu-oxobridged units in the Mn4Ca cluster. This result imposes clear limitations on the proposed structures based on spectroscopic and diffraction data and provides input for refining such structures.

Yano, Junko; Pushkar, Yulia; Glatzel, Pieter; Lewis, Azul; Sauer,Kenneth; Messinger, Johannes; Bergmann, Uwe; Yachandra, Vittal

2005-09-06T23:59:59.000Z

256

I - Matter, antimatter and geometry II - The twin universe model : a solution to the problem of negative energy particles III - The twin universe model plus electric charges and matter-antimatter symmetry  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We introduce a new dynamical group whose coadjoint action on its momentum space takes account of matter-antimatter symmetry on pure geometrical grounds. According to this description the energy and the spin are unchanged under matter-antimatter symmetry. We recall that the antichron components of the Poincar\\'{e} group, ruling relativistic motions of a mass-point particle, generate negative energy particles. The model with two twin universes, inspired by Sakharov's one, solves the stability issue. Positive and negative energy particles motions hold in two distinct folds. The model is extended to charged particles. As a result, the matter-antimatter duality holds in both universes.

Frederic Henry-Couannier; Gilles D'Agostini; Jean-Pierre Petit

2005-02-20T23:59:59.000Z

257

Structural and magnetic properties of MnAs nanoclusters formed by Mn ion implantation in GaAs  

SciTech Connect

Ferromagnetic (FM) nanostructures embedded in semiconductors are of fundamental interest since their physical properties could be used in new devices such as memories, sensors or spintronics. In this work, we present results obtained on the synthesis and characterization of nanosized MnAs ferromagnets buried in GaAs. These nanocrystals are formed either by single Mn implantation or Mn + As co-implantation at room temperature into GaAs wafers at 141 and 180 keV respectively. Two doses, 1 x 10{sup 16} and 2 x 10{sup 16} ions {center_dot} cm{sup -2} for each impurity, are tested. Pieces of the wafers are then annealed by RTA or classical furnace annealing at various temperatures under N{sub 2} atmosphere for increasing times. HRTEM and diffraction analysis show that under such conditions MnAs precipitates form with a regular hexagonal structure, the 3m orientation-relationship of precipitates with respect to the matrix offers the most energetically stable configuration. Size distributions are systematically extracted from statistical analysis of ''2 beam'' TEM images. The precipitate mean diameters of nanocrystals populations range from 9 to 13 nm depending on the annealing conditions. Magnetization measurements by SQUID magnetometry on the same samples reveal a progressive transition from a superparamagnetic behavior at room temperature to an FM one at 2K, reflecting a distribution of blocking temperature, due to distribution of size and to dipolar interactions. Curie temperatures in the range of 360K were measured.

Serres, A.; Benassayag, G.; Respaud, M.; Armand, C.; Pesant, J.C.; Mari, A.; Liliental-Weber, Z.; Claverie, A.

2002-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

258

Detroit Public Lighting Department - Commercial and Industrial...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

HVAC Equipment: 10-30ton Programmable Thermostat: 80 Window Glazing: 0.30square foot Window Film: 0.20 Chillers: 7 - 40ton Variable Frequency Drives: 70-180...

259

Detroit Public Lighting Department - Residential Energy Wise...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Multi-Family Residential, Residential Eligible Technologies Ceiling Fan, Lighting, LED Lighting Active Incentive Yes Implementing Sector Utility Energy Category Energy...

260

Detroit, Michigan: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

27°, -83.0457538° 27°, -83.0457538° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":42.331427,"lon":-83.0457538,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

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261

Detroit Auto Show 2012 | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Supercomputers' Pictorial Superpowers How the Smart Grid Helps Homeowners Reduce Their Energy Use EcoCAR Challenge Finish Line Event 1 of 8 Students Earn Street Cred With the...

262

Detroit Edison Co | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

DYNAMIC PEAK PRICING D1.8 (FULL SERVICE RESIDENTIAL) Residential EXPERIMENTAL ELECTRIC VEHICLE D1.9 (FULL SERVICE OPTION 1:TOD) EXPERIMENTAL ELECTRIC VEHICLE D1.9...

263

Southern California: The Detroit of Electric Cars?  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

electric cars as a potential solution. and susceptible to rapid change; (c) con- ulations governing vehicle safety

Scott, Allen J.

1993-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

264

Detroit Auto Show 2012 | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Clean Fleets Announcement 1 of 14 Clean Fleets Announcement Untitled Secretary Chu Visits Dublin, Ireland 110410-110510 Keep Your Home Office Efficient with ENERGY STAR. Home...

265

The Regeneration of Urban Empty Space / Detroit.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??The depopulation of once-major central cities is no longer an uncommon occurrence. Between the years 1950 and 2010, over 350 large cities worldwide lost a… (more)

Hall, Philip A.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

266

Sub[urban] Detroit: Mediating the Expression.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??In an era commodified by images and sounds throughout the global public landscape, architecture is not only being transformed by new technology, but by the… (more)

Karalambo, Paul N.

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

267

Detroit Auto Show 2012 | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

A New Energy-Efficient Home in the D.C. Community Solar Decathlon at Home in the D.C. Community Record-Breaking Solar Game-Changing Advancements in Solar Energy Energy Pumpkin...

268

Detroit Auto Show 2012 | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Management Trade Show Supercomputers' Pictorial Superpowers How the Smart Grid Helps Homeowners Reduce Their Energy Use EcoCAR Challenge Finish Line Event 1 of 8 Students Earn...

269

Southern California: The Detroit of Electric Cars?  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

by building a new electric-vehicle industry in Southerntime being, the electric vehicle industry electric-vehicleindustry into the electric-vehicle industry. • Inclusion of

Scott, Allen J.

1993-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

270

Detroit Auto Show 2012 | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Saving Energy and Resources Revolutionizing Manufacturing INFOGRAPHIC: Wind Energy in America National Wind Technology Center - Colorado America's Wind Testing Facilities Beyond...

271

Detroit, MI Natural Gas Exports to Canada  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

6 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 View History Pipeline Volumes 0 81 753 21 79 19 1996-2011 Pipeline Prices -- 8.28 6.58 4.53 8.37 5.17 1996-2011...

272

Detroit, MI Natural Gas Exports to Canada  

Annual Energy Outlook 2012 (EIA)

22,904 27,220 43,980 44,275 43,690 50,347 1996-2012 Pipeline Prices 6.88 8.37 4.01 4.69 4.26 3.10...

273

Effect of a high electric field on the conductivity of MnGa{sub 2}S{sub 4}, MnIn{sub 2}S{sub 4}, and MnGaInS{sub 4} single crystals  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The results of studying the effect of a high electric field on the conductivity of MnGa{sub 2}S{sub 4}, MnIn{sub 2}S{sub 4}, and MnGaInS{sub 4} single crystals are reported. The activation energy is determined in high and low electric fields. It is established that the decrease in the activation energy with increasing the external voltage is associated with decreasing the depth of the potential well, in which the electron is located.

Niftiev, N. N. [Azerbaijan State Pedagogical University (Azerbaijan); Tagiev, O. B. [National Academy of Sciences of Azerbaijan, Institute of Physics (Azerbaijan)

2009-09-15T23:59:59.000Z

274

Ga{sub 1-x}Mn{sub x}N epitaxial films with high magnetization  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We report on the fabrication of pseudomorphic wurtzite Ga{sub 1-x}Mn{sub x}N grown on GaN with Mn concentrations up to 10% using molecular beam epitaxy. According to Rutherford backscattering, the Mn ions are mainly at the Ga-substitutional positions, and they are homogeneously distributed according to depth-resolved Auger-electron spectroscopy and secondary-ion mass-spectroscopy measurements. A random Mn distribution is indicated by transmission electron microscopy, and no Mn-rich clusters are present for optimized growth conditions. A linear increase of the c-lattice parameter with increasing Mn concentration is found using x-ray diffraction. The ferromagnetic behavior is confirmed by superconducting quantum-interference measurements showing saturation magnetizations of up to 150 emu/cm{sup 3}.

Kunert, G.; Kruse, C.; Figge, S.; Hommel, D. [Semiconductor Epitaxy, Institute of Solid State Physics, University of Bremen, D-28359 Bremen (Germany); Dobkowska, S.; Jakiela, R.; Stefanowicz, W.; Sawicki, M. [Institute of Physics, Polish Academy of Science, PL-02-668 Warszawa (Poland); Li, Tian; Bonanni, A. [Institute for Semiconductor and Solid State Physics, Johannes Kepler University Linz, A 4040 Linz (Austria); Reuther, H.; Grenzer, J.; Borany, J. von [Helmholtz-Zentrum Dresden-Rossendorf, Institute of Ion Beam Physics and Materials Research, Bautzner Landstrasse 400, 01328 Dresden (Germany); Dietl, T. [Institute of Physics, Polish Academy of Science, PL-02-668 Warszawa (Poland); Institute of Theoretical Physics, Faculty of Physics, University of Warsaw, PL-00-681 Warszawa (Poland)

2012-07-09T23:59:59.000Z

275

Time resolved magneto-optical studies of ferromagnetic InMnSb films  

SciTech Connect

We report time resolved magneto-optical measurements in InMnSb ferromagnetic films with 2% and 2.8% Mn contents grown by low temperature molecular beam epitaxy. In order to probe a possible interaction between the spins of photoexcited carriers and the Mn ions, we measured spin dynamics before and after aligning the Mn ions by applying an external magnetic field at temperatures above and below the samples' Curie temperatures. We observed no significant temperature or magnetic field dependence in the relaxation times and attribute the observed dynamics entirely to the relaxation of photoexcited electrons in the conduction band where the s-d coupling with the localized Mn ions is significantly weaker compared to the p-d exchange coupling. We observed several differences in the optical response of our InMnSb samples which could have been influenced mainly by the samples' growth conditions.

Frazier, M.; Kini, R. N.; Nontapot, K.; Khodaparast, G. A. [Department of Physics, Virginia Tech, Blacksburg, Virginia 24061 (United States); Wojtowicz, T. [Institute of Physics, Polish Academy of Sciences 02-668 Warsaw (Poland); Liu, X.; Furdyna, J. K. [Department of Physics, University of Notre Dame, Notre Dame, Indiana 46556 (United States)

2008-02-11T23:59:59.000Z

276

Investigation of structure, magnetic, and transport properties of Mn-doped SiC films  

SciTech Connect

Mn-doped SiC films were fabricated by radio frequency magnetron sputtering technique. The structure, composition, and magnetic and transport properties of the films were investigated. The results show the films have the 3C-SiC crystal structure and the doped Mn atoms in the form of Mn{sup 2+} ions substitute for C sites in SiC lattice. All the films are ferromagnetic at 300 K, and the ferromagnetism in films arises from the doped Mn atoms and some extended defects. In addition, the saturation magnetization increases with the Mn-doped concentration increasing. The Mn doping does not change the semiconductor characteristics of the SiC films.

Sun Xianke [School of Material Science and Engineering, Tianjin University, Tianjin 300172 (China); Tianjin Key Laboratory for Photoelectric Materials and Devices, Tianjin University of Technology, Tianjin 300384 (China); Guo Ruisong [School of Material Science and Engineering, Tianjin University, Tianjin 300172 (China); An Yukai [Tianjin Key Laboratory for Photoelectric Materials and Devices, Tianjin University of Technology, Tianjin 300384 (China); School of Material Science and Engineering, Tianjin University of Technology, Tianjin 300384 (China); Liu Jiwen [School of Material Science and Engineering, Tianjin University, Tianjin 300172 (China); Tianjin Key Laboratory for Photoelectric Materials and Devices, Tianjin University of Technology, Tianjin 300384 (China); School of Material Science and Engineering, Tianjin University of Technology, Tianjin 300384 (China)

2013-07-15T23:59:59.000Z

277

Stripes of increased diamagnetic susceptibility in underdoped superconducting Ba(Fe[subscript 1?x]Co[subscript x])[subscript 2]As[subscript 2] single crystals: Evidence for an enhanced superfluid density at twin boundaries  

SciTech Connect

Superconducting quantum interference device microscopy shows stripes of increased diamagnetic susceptibility in the superconducting state of twinned, orthorhombic, underdoped crystals of Ba(Fe{sub 1-x}Co{sub x}){sub 2}As{sub 2}, but not in tetragonal overdoped crystals. These stripes are consistent with enhanced superfluid density on twin boundaries.

Kalisky, B.; Kirtley, J.R.; Analytis, J.G.; Chu, Jiun-Haw; Vailionis, A.; Fisher, I.R.; Moler, K.A. (Stanford)

2010-10-22T23:59:59.000Z

278

Electronic Structure and Oxidation State Changes in the Mn (4) Ca Cluster of Photosystem II  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Oxygen-evolving complex (Mn{sub 4}Ca cluster) of Photosystem II cycles through five intermediate states (S{sub i}-states, i = 0-4) before a molecule of dioxygen is released. During the S-state transitions, electrons are extracted from the OEC, either from Mn or alternatively from a Mn ligand. The oxidation state of Mn is widely accepted as Mn{sub 4}(III{sub 2},IV{sub 2}) and Mn{sub 4}(III,IV{sub 3}) for S{sub 1} and S{sub 2} states, while it is still controversial for the S{sub 0} and S{sub 3} states. We used resonant inelastic X-ray scattering (RIXS) to study the electronic structure of Mn{sub 4}Ca complex in the OEC. The RIXS data yield two-dimensional plots that provide a significant advantage by obtaining both K-edge pre-edge and L-edge-like spectra (metal spin state) simultaneously. We have collected data from PSII samples in the each of the S-states and compared them with data from various inorganic Mn complexes. The spectral changes in the Mn 1s2p{sub 3/2} RIXS spectra between the S-states were compared to those of the oxides of Mn and coordination complexes. The results indicate strong covalency for the electronic configuration in the OEC, and we conclude that the electron is transferred from a strongly delocalized orbital, compared to those in Mn oxides or coordination complexes. The magnitude for the S{sub 0} to S{sub 1}, and S{sub 1} to S{sub 2} transitions is twice as large as that during the S{sub 2} to S{sub 3} transition, indicating that the electron for this transition is extracted from a highly delocalized orbital with little change in charge density at the Mn atoms.

Yano, J.; Pushkar, Y.; Messinger, J.; Bergmann, U.; Glatzel, P.; Yachandra, V.K.; /SLAC

2012-08-17T23:59:59.000Z

279

Distinct local electronic structure and magnetism for Mn in amorphous Si and Ge  

SciTech Connect

Transition metals such as Mn generally have large local moments in covalent semiconductors due to their partially filled d shells. However, Mn magnetization in group-IV semiconductors is more complicated than often recognized. Here we report a striking crossover from a quenched Mn moment (<0.1 {mu}{sub B}) in amorphous Si (a-Si) to a large distinct local Mn moment ({ge}3{mu}{sub B}) in amorphous Ge (a-Ge) over a wide range of Mn concentrations (0.005-0.20). Corresponding differences are observed in d-shell electronic structure and the sign of the Hall effect. Density-functional-theory calculations show distinct local structures, consistent with different atomic density measured for a-Si and a-Ge, respectively, and the Mn coordination number N{sub c} is found to be the key factor. Despite the amorphous structure, Mn in a-Si is in a relatively well-defined high coordination interstitial type site with broadened d bands, low moment, and electron (n-type) carriers, while Mn in a-Ge is in a low coordination substitutional type site with large local moment and holes (p-type) carriers. Moreover, the correlation between N{sub c} and the magnitude of the local moment is essentially independent of the matrix; the local Mn moments approach zero when N{sub c} > 7 for both a-Si and a-Ge.

Zeng, Li; Cao, J. X.; Helgren, E.; Karel, J.; Arenholz, E.; Ouyang, Lu; Smith, David J.; Wu, R. Q.; Hellman, F.

2010-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

280

Investigation of Structural Stability of Monolayer MnO 2 Sheet under ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Presentation Title, Investigation of Structural Stability of Monolayer MnO2 Sheet under Electron Beam Irradiation. Author(s), Yong Wang, Chenghua Sun, Jin Zou  ...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "detroit mn twin" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


281

Ion-exchanged MnO2 nanoparticles as cathodes of lithium ion ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Presentation Title, Ion-exchanged MnO2 nanoparticles as cathodes of lithium ion batteries at elevated temperatures. Author(s), Dawei Liu, Jasper Wright, Wei ...

282

F-8: Modeling of Mn-Ni-Si-Cu Precipitation in Reactor Pressure ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Presentation Title, F-8: Modeling of Mn-Ni-Si-Cu Precipitation in Reactor .... Steels 316 and Comparison with the Rate Theory Model of a Multicomponent System.

283

Ageing and Toughness of a Mn-Ni-Mo PWR Steel  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Abstract Scope, Mn-Ni-Mo steels are widely used in the fabrication of pressurisers, steam generators and pressure vessels of pressurised water reactors (PWR).

284

Optimization of Na 0.44 MnO 2 Cathode Material - Programmaster.org  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Symposium, Energy Storage: Materials, Systems, and Applications. Presentation Title, Optimization of Na0.44MnO2 Cathode Material for Use in Aqueous ...

285

Low-energy structure of 61Mn populated following $\\beta$ decay of 61Cr  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

$\\beta$ decay of the $^{61}$Cr$_{37}$ ground state has been studied. A new half-life of 233 +/- 11 ms has been deduced, and seven delayed $\\gamma$ rays have been assigned to the daughter, $^{61}$Mn$_{36}$. The low-energy level structure of $^{61}$Mn$_{36}$ is similar to that of the less neutron-rich $^{57,59}$Mn nuclei. The odd-A $_{25}$Mn isotopes follow the systematic trend in the yrast states of the even-even, Z + 1 $_{26}$Fe isotopes, and not that of the Z - 1 $_{24}$Cr isotopes, where a possible onset of collectivity has been suggested to occur already at N = 36.

Crawford, H L; Berryman, J S; Broda, R; Fornal, B; Hoffman, C R; Hoteling, N; Janssens, R V F; Lenzi, S M; Pereira, J; Stoker, J B; Tabor, S L; Walters, W B; Wang, X; Zhu, S

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

286

Low-energy structure of 61Mn populated following $?$ decay of 61Cr  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

$\\beta$ decay of the $^{61}$Cr$_{37}$ ground state has been studied. A new half-life of 233 +/- 11 ms has been deduced, and seven delayed $\\gamma$ rays have been assigned to the daughter, $^{61}$Mn$_{36}$. The low-energy level structure of $^{61}$Mn$_{36}$ is similar to that of the less neutron-rich $^{57,59}$Mn nuclei. The odd-A $_{25}$Mn isotopes follow the systematic trend in the yrast states of the even-even, Z + 1 $_{26}$Fe isotopes, and not that of the Z - 1 $_{24}$Cr isotopes, where a possible onset of collectivity has been suggested to occur already at N = 36.

H. L. Crawford; P. F. Mantica; J. S. Berryman; R. Broda; B. Fornal; C. R. Hoffman; N. Hoteling; R. V. F. Janssens; S. M. Lenzi; J. Pereira; J. B. Stoker; S. L. Tabor; W. B. Walters; X. Wang; S. Zhu

2009-04-29T23:59:59.000Z

287

Potential benefits of thermal energy storage in the proposed Twin Cities district heating-cogeneration system. Final report  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

A new, large, cogeneration-district heating system has been proposed for the Twin Cities area, using hot water in a closed-loop system. The proposed system, as described by Studsvik Energiteknik AB of Sweden, does not employ thermal energy storage (TES). Four cases have been developed, describing system configurations which would employ TES, to evaluate the potential benefits of incorporating annual-cycle TES into the Twin Cities system. The potential benefits are found to be substantial, confirming results of earlier, generic studies of aquifer TES. The reference (Studsvik) system employs oil-fired boilers to supplement cogenerated heat, for handling peak loads and providing standby reserve. TES can serve the same function, with net energy savings in spite of heat losses during storage, by making it possible to operate the cogeneration equipment at higher capacity factors. Coal replaces oil as the fuel consumed. Energy savings of the reference system are impressive; energy savings with TES are 2 to 22% better. Capital cost requirements for boilers, cogeneration equipment, and pipelines are reduced by $66 to $258 million. The breakeven capital cost of TES is estimated to range from $43 to $76 per kilowatt peak thermal input to or withdrawal from aquifer TES. A factor in evaluating the breakeven operating cost of TES is the $14 to $31 million per year saving in cost of fuel. Abatement of air pollution and thermal pollution are concomitant benefits.

Meyer, C.F.

1979-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

288

Giant tunneling magnetoresistance in Co{sub 2}MnSi/Al-O/Co{sub 2}MnSi magnetic tunnel junctions  

SciTech Connect

Magnetic tunnel junctions (MTJs) with a stacking structure of Co{sub 2}MnSi/Al-O/Co{sub 2}MnSi were fabricated using magnetron sputtering system. Fabricated MTJ exhibited an extremely large tunneling magnetoresistance (TMR) ratio of 570% at low temperature, which is the highest TMR ratio reported to date for an amorphous Al-O tunneling barrier. The observed dependence of tunneling conductance on bias voltage clearly reveals the half-metallic energy gap of Co{sub 2}MnSi. The origins of large temperature dependence of TMR ratio were discussed on the basis of the present results.

Sakuraba, Y.; Hattori, M.; Oogane, M.; Ando, Y.; Kato, H.; Sakuma, A.; Miyazaki, T.; Kubota, H. [Department of Applied Physics, Graduate School of Engineering, Tohoku University, Aoba-yama 6-6-05, Aramaki, Aoba-ku, Sendai 980-8579 (Japan); Nanoelectronics Research Institute, National Institute of Advanced Industrial Science and Technology (AIST), 1-1-1 Umezono, Tsukuba 305-8568 (Japan)

2006-05-08T23:59:59.000Z

289

Specific DNA cleavage mediated by [SalenMn(III)][sup +  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The combination of [SalenMn(III)][sup +] and a terminal oxidant affords efficient and specific cleavage of right-handed double-helical DNA in regions rich in A:T base pairs. Metal complexes of the tetradentate chelating ligands Salen (Salen = N,N[prime]-ethylenebis(salicylideneaminato)) have been part of the inorganic chemistry literature for several decades. The cationic manganese(III) complex [SalenMn(III)][sup +] (1) is an efficient catalyst for the epoxidation of olefins with terminal oxidants such as iodosylbenzene. 1 also catalyzes oxidative C-H bond activation. The flat, crescent shape of 1, its aromatic and cationic nature, and its ability to catalyze hydrocarbon oxidation are features shared in whole or in part by metal complexes which bind to DNA and cleave it via oxidative processes. These similarities prompted the authors to evaluate the DNA-cleaving properties of 1, and they now report that 1 mediates specific cleavage of right-handed double-helical DNA in a reaction requiring a terminal oxidant. 20 refs., 3 figs., 1 tab.

Gravert, D.J.; Griffin, J.H. (Stanford Univ., CA (United States))

1993-02-12T23:59:59.000Z

290

Gas-liquid interaction in the liquid breakup region of twin-fluid atomization Abstract The interaction between air and liquid in the  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Gas-liquid interaction in the liquid breakup region of twin-fluid atomization U. Shavit Abstract for the gas. High gas-to-liquid relative velocity results in an atomization mode which is more ef, drop size is smaller, and spray angle is wider. The in¯uence of the surrounding gas jet on the liquid

Shavit, Uri

291

Element-specific study of the temperature dependent magnetization of Co-Mn-Sb thin films  

SciTech Connect

Magnetron sputtered thin Co-Mn-Sb films were investigated with respect to their element-specific magnetic properties. Stoichiometric Co{sub 1}Mn{sub 1}Sb{sub 1} crystallized in the C1{sub b} structure has been predicted to be half-metallic and is therefore of interest for spintronics applications. It should show a characteristic antiferromagnetic coupling of the Mn and Co magnetic moments and a transition temperature T{sub C} of about 480K. Although the observed transition temperature of our 20nm thick Co{sub 32.4}Mn{sub 33.7}Sb{sub 33.8}, Co{sub 37.7}Mn{sub 34.1}Sb{sub 28.2} and Co{sub 43.2}Mn{sub 32.6}Sb{sub 24.2} films is in quite good agreement with the expected value, we found a ferromagnetic coupling of the Mn and Co magnetic moments which indicates that the films do not crystallize in the C1{sub b} structure and are probably not fully spin-polarized. The ratio of the Co and Mn moments does not change up to the transition temperature and the temperature dependence of the magnetic moments can be well described by the mean field theory.

Schmalhorst, J.; Ebke, D.; Meinert, M.; Thomas, A.; Reiss, G.; Arenholz, E.

2008-09-30T23:59:59.000Z

292

Synthesis and Characterization of MnO2-Based Mixed Oxides as Supercapacitors  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Synthesis and Characterization of MnO2-Based Mixed Oxides as Supercapacitors Hansung Kim. Available electronically January 28, 2003. The development of a high-power-density supercapacitor made to develop supercapacitors based on non-noble oxides.13 Hydrous manganese oxide (a-MnO2 · nH2O

Popov, Branko N.

293

Cation Effects on the Layer Structure of Biogenic Mn-Oxides  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Radiation Lightsource (SSRL). Wet sample slurries were placed in an aluminum sample cell with Lexan windows-bs (Samuel Webb, SSRL). Two Mn-oxide references, triclinic birnessite (TcBir) and -MnO2 were synthesized and Environmental and Quality (ISEQ) Graduate Fellowship. M.Z. also thanks Dr. Samuel Webb at SSRL for his help

Sparks, Donald L.

294

[Characterization of lignin and Mn peroxidases from Phanerochaete chrysosporium]. Progress report  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Lignin peroxidases were investigated with respect to enzyme kinetics and NMR spectroscopy of the heme domain. MN peroxidases were studied with respect to the role of oxalate in enzyme activity, the NMR spectroscopy of the heme domain. Gene expression of both lignin and MN peroxidases were examined as well as expression of site-directed mutants aimed at scale up production of these enzymes.

Not Available

1992-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

295

Dietary resveratrol administration increases MnSOD expression and activity in mouse brain  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

SOD protein level (140%) and activity (75%). The increase in MnSOD was not due to a substantial proliferationDietary resveratrol administration increases MnSOD expression and activity in mouse brain Ellen L oxidative stress. In vitro studies have shown an increase in antioxidant enzyme activities following

Stuart, Jeffrey A.

296

Electric-Field Modulation of Curie Temperature in (Ga, Mn)As Field-Effect Transistor Structures with Varying Channel Thickness and Mn Compositions  

SciTech Connect

We have investigated the change of T{sub C} of ferromagnetic semiconductor (Ga, Mn)As by changing hole concentration p. The field effect transistor structure was utilized to change p. The relation T{sub C}propor top{sup 0.2} is obtained for three samples, despite the difference of their Mn composition and thickness, indicating that the relation holds over 2 decades of p.

Nishitani, Y.; Endo, M. [Laboratory for Nanoelectronics and Spintronics, Research Institute of Electrical Communication, Tohoku University, Katahira 2-1-1, Aoba-ku, Sendai 980-8577 (Japan); Chiba, D. [Semiconductor Spintronics Project, Exploratory Research for Advanced Technology, Japan Science and Technology Agency, Sanban-cho 5, Chiyoda-ku, Tokyo 102-0075 (Japan); Laboratory for Nanoelectronics and Spintronics, Research Institute of Electrical Communication, Tohoku University, Katahira 2-1-1, Aoba-ku, Sendai 980-8577 (Japan); Matsukura, F.; Ohno, H. [Laboratory for Nanoelectronics and Spintronics, Research Institute of Electrical Communication, Tohoku University, Katahira 2-1-1, Aoba-ku, Sendai 980-8577 (Japan); Semiconductor Spintronics Project, Exploratory Research for Advanced Technology, Japan Science and Technology Agency, Sanban-cho 5, Chiyoda-ku, Tokyo 102-0075 (Japan)

2010-01-04T23:59:59.000Z

297

Estudo das propriedades termomecânicas da liga cu 78,3% - al 9,8% mn 11,9%.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??The alloys Cu 78,3% - Al 9,8% - Mn 11,9 and 77.5% Cu - Al 9.8% - Mn 11,9% -% Nb 0.5 - 0.3% Ni… (more)

Rafael Evaristo Caluête

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

298

Scanning tunneling microscopy reveals LiMnAs is a room temperature anti-ferromagnetic semiconductor  

SciTech Connect

We performed scanning tunneling microscopy and spectroscopy on a LiMnAs(001) thin film epitaxially grown on an InAs(001) substrate by molecular beam epitaxy. While the in situ cleavage exposed only the InAs(110) non-polar planes, the cleavage continued into the LiMnAs thin layer across several facets. We combined both topography and current mappings to confirm that the facets correspond to LiMnAs. By spectroscopy we show that LiMnAs has a band gap. The band gap evidenced in this study, combined with the known Neel temperature well above room temperature, confirms that LiMnAs is a promising candidate for exploring the concepts of high temperature semiconductor spintronics based on antiferromagnets.

Wijnheijmer, A. P.; Koenraad, P. M. [COBRA Inter-University Research Institute, Department of Applied Physics, Eindhoven University of Technology, P. O. Box 513, NL-5600 MB Eindhoven (Netherlands); Marti, X. [Faculty of Mathematics and Physics, Charles University in Prague, Ke Karlovu 3, 121 16 Prague 2 (Czech Republic); Institute of Physics ASCR, v.v.i., Cukrovarnicka 10, 162 53 Prague 6 (Czech Republic); Holy, V. [Faculty of Mathematics and Physics, Charles University in Prague, Ke Karlovu 3, 121 16 Prague 2 (Czech Republic); Cukr, M.; Novak, V. [Institute of Physics ASCR, v.v.i., Cukrovarnicka 10, 162 53 Prague 6 (Czech Republic); Jungwirth, T. [Institute of Physics ASCR, v.v.i., Cukrovarnicka 10, 162 53 Prague 6 (Czech Republic); School of Physics and Astronomy, University of Nottingham, Nottingham NG7 2RD (United Kingdom)

2012-03-12T23:59:59.000Z

299

Improvement of Thermal Stability of Li-Ion Batteries by Polymer Coating of LiMn2O4  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

lithium-ion battery by arresting the Mn + dissolution, thereby increasing the battery stability. Key Words: Lithium Battery, Cathode,

Stroeve, Pieter; Vidu, Ruxandra

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

300

Manganese trends in a sample of thin and thick disk stars. The origin of Mn  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

CONTEXT: Manganese is an iron-peak element and although the nucleosynthesis path that leads to its formation is fairly well understood, it remains unclear which objects, SN II and/or SN Ia, that contribute the majority of Mn to the interstellar medium. It also remains unclear to which extent the supernovae Mn yields depend on the metallicity of the progenitor star or not. AIMS: By using a well studied and well defined sample of 95 dwarf stars we aim at further constraining the formation site(s) of Mn. METHODS: We derive Mn abundances through spectral synthesis of four Mn I lines at 539.4, 549.2, 601.3, and 601.6 nm. Stellar parameters and data for oxygen are taken from Bensby et al. (2003, 2004, 2005). RESULTS: When comparing our Mn abundances with O abundances for the same stars we find that the abundance trends in the stars with kinematics of the thick disk can be explained by metallicity dependent yields from SN II. We go on and combine our data for dwarf stars in the disks with data for dwarf and giant stars in the metal-poor thick disk and halo from the literature. We find that dwarf and giant stars show the same trends, which indicates that neither non-LTE nor evolutionary effects are a major concern for Mn. Furthermore, the [Mn/O] vs [O/H] trend in the halo is flat. CONCLUSIONS: We conclude that the simplest interpretation of our data is that Mn is most likely produced in SN II and that the Mn yields for such SNae must be metallicity dependent. Contribution from SN Ia in the metal-rich thin disk can not, however, be excluded.

S. Feltzing; M. Fohlman; T. Bensby

2007-03-19T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "detroit mn twin" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


301

Low temperature hydrothermally synthesized nanocrystalline orthorhombic LiMnO2 cathode material for lithium-ion cells  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Nanocrystalline orthorhombic LiMnO2 particles with an average particle size of about 35 nm in diameter were successfully synthesized by a hydrothermal process at 160-180 °C from trimanganese tetroxide (Mn3O4) prepared ... Keywords: hydrothermal process, lithium ion battery, nanocrystalline, orthorhombic LiMnO2, solvothermal process

Mengqiang Wu; Ai Chen; Rongqing Xu; Yue Li

2003-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

302

A rational self-sacrificing template route to LiMn2O4nanotubes and nanowires  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Single-crystalline LiMn2O4 nanotubes and nanowires have been synthesized via a low-temperature molten salt synthesis method, using the prepared ?-MnO2 nanotubes and ?-MnO2 nanowires as the precursors ...

Baojun Yang; Xinsong Yuan; Duoli Chai

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

303

Recrystallization behavior of a supersaturated Al Mn alloy  

SciTech Connect

The effect of concurrent precipitation on recrystallization behavior during the isothermal annealing of a supersaturated and deformed Al-Mn alloy was investigated. It is found that concurrent precipitation strongly affects the recrystallization behavior of this alloy. At low temperatures, concurrent precipitation retards recrystallization and results in large flat grains. The size of recrystallized grains decreases significantly with increasing temperature. The kinetics of recrystallization was determined by measurements of hardness. The JMAK exponent decreases from 3.0 to 0.8 as the annealing temperature increases from 371 C to 427 C. The activation energy for recrystallization of the alloy is about 456 kJ/mol. Concurrent precipitation enhances the activation energy for recrystallization of aluminum alloys.

Radhakrishnan, Balasubramaniam [ORNL; Liu, W C [Yanshan University

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

304

Metalloantibiotic Mn(II)-bacitracin complex mimicking manganese superoxide dismutase  

SciTech Connect

Superoxide dismutase (SOD) activities of various metallobacitracin complexes were evaluated using the riboflavin-methionine-nitro blue tetrazolium assay. The radical scavenging activity of various metallobacitracin complexes was shown to be higher than those of the negative controls, e.g., free transition metal ions and metal-free bacitracin. The SOD activity of the complex was found to be in the order of Mn(II) > Cu(II) > Co(II) > Ni(II). Furthermore, the effect of bacitracin and their complexation to metals on various microorganisms was assessed by antibiotic susceptibility testing. Moreover, molecular modeling and quantum chemical calculation of the metallobacitracin complex was performed to evaluate the correlation of electrostatic charge of transition metal ions on the SOD activity.

Piacham, Theeraphon [Department of Clinical Microbiology, Faculty of Medical Technology, Mahidol University, Bangkok 10700 (Thailand); Pure and Applied Biochemistry, Chemical Center, Lund University, P.O. Box 124, 22100 Lund (Sweden); Isarankura-Na-Ayudhya, Chartchalerm [Department of Clinical Microbiology, Faculty of Medical Technology, Mahidol University, Bangkok 10700 (Thailand); Nantasenamat, Chanin [Department of Clinical Microbiology, Faculty of Medical Technology, Mahidol University, Bangkok 10700 (Thailand); Yainoy, Sakda [Department of Clinical Microbiology, Faculty of Medical Technology, Mahidol University, Bangkok 10700 (Thailand); Ye Lei [Pure and Applied Biochemistry, Chemical Center, Lund University, P.O. Box 124, 22100 Lund (Sweden); Buelow, Leif [Pure and Applied Biochemistry, Chemical Center, Lund University, P.O. Box 124, 22100 Lund (Sweden); Prachayasittikul, Virapong [Department of Clinical Microbiology, Faculty of Medical Technology, Mahidol University, Bangkok 10700 (Thailand)]. E-mail: mtvpr@mucc.mahidol.ac.th

2006-03-24T23:59:59.000Z

305

Interfacial studies of a thin-film Li2Mn4O9 electrode  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Interfacial studies of a thin-film Li2Mn4O9 electrode Interfacial studies of a thin-film Li2Mn4O9 electrode Title Interfacial studies of a thin-film Li2Mn4O9 electrode Publication Type Journal Article Year of Publication 1999 Authors Kostecki, Robert, Fanping Kong, Yoshiaki Matsuo, and Frank R. McLarnon Journal Electrochimica Acta Volume 45 Pagination 225-233 Keywords interfacial films, manganese oxide electrode Abstract A thin-film spinel Li2Mn4O9 electrode was prepared by spin coating onto a Pt substrate. Spectroscopic ellipsometry, X-ray diffraction and current-sensing atomic force microscopy (CSAFM) were used to characterize interfacial processes and film formation at this electrode in the presence of 1.0 M LiPF6, EC:DMC (1:1 by volume) electrolyte. Prolonged exposure of the film to the electrolyte at ambient temperature resulted in spontaneous decomposition of the spinel to λ-MnO2 without disruption of the original structure. The surface of the resulting λ-MnO2 film exhibited no significant change in morphology, however a thin passive electrode surface layer was detected by the CSAFM probe. This electrode surface layer exhibited insulating properties and most likely contained Li2O, a by-product of Li2Mn4O9 decomposition.

306

Ferromagnetism in Mn-Implanted Epitaxially Grown Ge on Si(100)  

SciTech Connect

We have studied ferromagnetism of Mn-implanted epitaxial Ge films on silicon. The Ge films were grown by ultrahigh vacuum chemical vapor deposition using a mixture of germane (GeH{sub 4}) and methylgermane (CH{sub 3}GeH{sub 3}) gases with a carbon concentration of less than 1 at. %, and observed surface rms roughness of 0.5 nm, as measured by atomic force microscopy. Manganese ions were implanted in epitaxial Ge films grown on Si (100) wafers to an effective concentration of 16, 12, 6, and 2 at. %. Superconducting quantum interference device measurements showed that only the three highest Mn concentration samples are ferromagnetic, while the fourth sample, with [Mn] = 2 at. %, is paramagnetic. X-ray absorption spectroscopy and x-ray magnetic circular dichroism measurements indicate that localized Mn moments are ferromagnetically coupled below the Curie temperature. Isothermal annealing of Mn-implanted Ge films with [Mn] = 16 at. % at 300 C for up to 1200 s decreases the magnetization but does not change the Curie temperature, suggesting that the amount of the magnetic phase slowly decreases with time at this anneal temperature. Furthermore, transmission electron microscopy and synchrotron grazing incidence x-ray diffraction experiments show that the Mn-implanted region is amorphous, and we believe that it is this phase that is responsible for the ferromagnetism. This is supported by our observation that high-temperature annealing leads to recrystallization and transformation of the material into a paramagnetic phase.

Guchhait, S.; Jamil, M.; Ohldag, H.; Mehta, A.; Arenholz, E.; Lian, G.; Li Fatou, A.; Ferrer, D. A.; Markert, J. T.; Colombo, L.; Banerjee, S. K.

2011-01-05T23:59:59.000Z

307

Energy Transfer Dynamics and Dopant Luminescence in Mn-Doped CdS/ZnS Core/Shell Nanocrystals  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Mn-doped II-VI semiconductor nanocrystals exhibit bright dopant photoluminescence that has potential usefulness for light emitting devices, temperature sensing, and biological imaging. The bright luminescence comes from the 4T1?6A1 transition of the Mn2+ d electrons after the exciton-dopant energy transfer, which reroutes the exciton relaxation through trapping processes. The driving force of the energy transfer is the strong exchange coupling between the exciton and Mn2+ due to the confinement of exciton in the nanocrystal. The exciton-Mn spatial overlap affecting the exchange coupling strength is an important parameter that varies the energy transfer rate and the quantum yield of Mn luminescence. In this dissertation, this correlation is studied in radial doping location-controlled Mn-doped CdS/ZnS nanocrystals. Energy transfer rate was found decreasing when increasing the doping radius in the nanocrystals at the same core size and shell thickness and when increasing the size of the nanocrystals at a fixed doping radius. In addition to the exciton-Mn energy transfer discussed above, two consecutive exciton-Mn energy transfers can also occur if multiple excitons are generated before the relaxation of Mn (lifetime ~10^-4 - 10^-2 s). The consecutive exciton-Mn energy transfer can further excite the Mn2+ d electrons high in conduction band and results in the quenching of Mn luminescence. The highly excited electrons show higher photocatalytic efficiency than the electrons in undoped nanocrystals. Finally, the effect of local lattice strain on the local vibrational frequency and local thermal expansion was observed via the temperature-dependent Mn luminescence spectral linewidth and peak position in Mn-doped CdS/ZnS nanocrystals. The local lattice strain on the Mn2+ ions is varied using the large core/shell lattice mismatch (~7%) that creates a gradient of lattice strain at various radial locations. When doping the Mn2+ closer to the core/shell interface, the stronger lattice strain softens the vibrational frequency coupled to the 4T1?6A1 transition of Mn2+ (Mn luminescence) by ~50%. In addition, the lattice strain also increases the anharmonicity, resulting in larger local thermal expansion observed from the nearly an order larger thermal shift of the Mn luminescence compared to the Mn-doped ZnS nanocrystals without the core/shell lattice mismatch.

Chen, Hsiang-Yun

2012-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

308

Ni spin switching induced by magnetic frustration in FeMn/Ni/Cu(001)  

SciTech Connect

Epitaxially grown FeMn/Ni/Cu(001) films are investigated by Photoemission Electron Microscopy and Magneto-Optic Kerr Effect. We find that as the FeMn overlayer changes from paramagnetic to antiferromagnetic state, it could switch the ferromagnetic Ni spin direction from out-of-plane to in-plane direction of the film. This phenomenon reveals a new mechanism of creating magnetic anisotropy and is attributed to the out-of-plane spin frustration at the FeMn-Ni interface.

Wu, J.; Choi, J.; Scholl, A.; Doran, A.; Arenholz, E.; Hwang, Chanyong; Qiu, Z. Q.

2009-03-08T23:59:59.000Z

309

Quantum Anomalous Hall Effect in Hg_1-yMn_yTe Quantum Wells  

SciTech Connect

The quantum Hall effect is usually observed when the two-dimensional electron gas is subjected to an external magnetic field, so that their quantum states form Landau levels. In this work we predict that a new phenomenon, the quantum anomalous Hall effect, can be realized in Hg{sub 1-y}Mn{sub y}Te quantum wells, without the external magnetic field and the associated Landau levels. This effect arises purely from the spin polarization of the Mn atoms, and the quantized Hall conductance is predicted for a range of quantum well thickness and the concentration of the Mn atoms. This effect enables dissipationless charge current in spintronics devices.

Liu, Chao-Xing; /Tsinghua U., Beijing /Stanford U., Phys. Dept.; Qi, Xiao-Liang; /Stanford U., Phys. Dept.; Dai, Xi; Fang, Zhong; /Beijing, Inst. Phys.; Zhang, Shou-Cheng; /Stanford U., Phys. Dept.

2010-03-19T23:59:59.000Z

310

Demonstration of molecular beam epitaxy and a semiconducting band structure for I-Mn-V compounds  

SciTech Connect

Our ab initio theory calculations predict a semiconducting band structure of I-Mn-V compounds. We demonstrate on LiMnAs that high-quality materials with group-I alkali metals in the crystal structure can be grown by molecular beam epitaxy. Optical measurements on the LiMnAs epilayers are consistent with the theoretical electronic structure. Our calculations also reproduce earlier reports of high antiferromagnetic ordering temperature and predict large, spin-orbit-coupling-induced magnetic anisotropy effects. We propose a strategy for employing antiferromagnetic semiconductors in high-temperature semiconductor spintronics.

Jungwirth, T. [Institute of Physics ASCR, v.v.i., Cukrovarnicka 10, 162 53 Praha 6 (Czech Republic); School of Physics and Astronomy, University of Nottingham, Nottingham NG7 2RD (United Kingdom); Novak, V.; Cukr, M.; Zemek, J. [Institute of Physics ASCR, v.v.i., Cukrovarnicka 10, 162 53 Praha 6 (Czech Republic); Marti, X.; Horodyska, P.; Nemec, P.; Holy, V. [Faculty of Mathematics and Physics, Charles University in Prague, Ke Karlovu 3, 121 16 Prague 2 (Czech Republic); Maca, F.; Shick, A. B.; Masek, J.; Kuzel, P. [Institute of Physics ASCR, v.v.i., Na Slovance 2, 182 21 Praha 8 (Czech Republic); Nemec, I. [Faculty of Science, Charles University in Prague, Hlavova 2030, 128 40 Prague 2 (Czech Republic); Gallagher, B. L.; Campion, R. P.; Foxon, C. T. [School of Physics and Astronomy, University of Nottingham, Nottingham NG7 2RD (United Kingdom); Wunderlich, J. [Institute of Physics ASCR, v.v.i., Cukrovarnicka 10, 162 53 Praha 6 (Czech Republic); Hitachi Cambridge Laboratory, Cambridge CB3 0HE (United Kingdom)

2011-01-15T23:59:59.000Z

311

City of Detroit - SmartBuildings Detroit Green Fund Loan | Open...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

insulation, glazing treatments, windows, doors, weatherstripping, insulated roofs, solar panels, geothermal installations, wind, hydroelectric, thermal load reduction, HVAC,...

312

Anomalous Stoichiometry Layered Structure and Magnetic Ordering of the Prussian Blue Analog [NEt4]2MnII3(CN)8  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Atypical of Prussian blue structured materials, Mn{sup II} and [NEt{sub 4}]CN react to form [NEt{sub 4}]{sub 2}Mn{sub 3}(CN){sub 8} possessing layers of octahedral [Mn{sup II}(CN){sub 6}]{sup 4-} bonded to two high-spin tetrahedral Mn{sup II} sites.

J Her; P Stephens; C Kareis; J Moore; J Miller

2011-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

313

Characterization of LiNi?.?Mn?.?O? Thin Film Cathode Prepared by Pulsed Laser Deposition  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

LiNi?.?Mn?.?O? thin films have been grown by pulsed laser deposition (PLD) on stainless steel (SS) substrates. The crystallinity and structure of thin films were investigated by X-ray diffraction (XRD). Microstructure and ...

Xia, Hui

314

D11: Thermodynamic and Electrochemical Properties of the Mg-Mn ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

B7: Synthesis and Electrical Properties of K2NiF4-Type (Ca2-xLnx)MnO4 (Ln=Nd and Sm) · B8: Monitoring Oxygen Diffusion in Gd-Doped Ceria by Null ...

315

100- The Effect of Mn and Pr Co-Doping on Electrical Properties of ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

144- The Role of Mn Content on Microstructure and Phases of High Alloyed White Cast Irons · 145- The Synergy of XRD and XRF in a Shale and Slate Analysis.

316

Southwest MN IPM STUFF All the pestilence that's fit to print  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

and soybeans during hot dry weather. Twospotted spider mites are favored by high temperatures and drought Southwest Research and Outreach Center 23669 130th Street Lamberton, MN 56152 Phone: 507.752.5066 Cell: 507

Amin, S. Massoud

317

Southwest MN IPM STUFF All the pestilence that's fit to print  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

started to show up. This could be a bad year for this disease. Cool wet spring and hot, dry late seasons Research and Outreach Center 23669 130th Street Lamberton, MN 56152 Phone: 507.752.5066 Cell: 507

Amin, S. Massoud

318

Formation of nano-crystalline todorokite from biogenic Mn Xiong Han Feng a,1  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Formation of nano-crystalline todorokite from biogenic Mn oxides Xiong Han Feng a,1 , Mengqiang Zhu oxides in the environment. Additionally this method may be a viable biosynthesis route for porous, nano

Sparks, Donald L.

319

Mn solid solutions in self-assembled Ge/Si (001) quantum dot heterostructures  

SciTech Connect

Heteroepitaxial Ge{sub 0.98}Mn{sub 0.02} quantum dots (QDs) on Si (001) were grown by molecular beam epitaxy. The standard Ge wetting layer-hut-dome-superdome sequence was observed, with no indicators of second phase formation in the surface morphology. We show that Mn forms a dilute solid solution in the Ge quantum dot layer, and a significant fraction of the Mn partitions into a sparse array of buried, Mn-enriched silicide precipitates directly underneath a fraction of the Ge superdomes. The magnetic response from the ultra-thin film indicates the absence of robust room temperature ferromagnetism, perhaps due to anomalous intermixing of Si into the Ge quantum dots.

Kassim, J.; Nolph, C.; Reinke, P.; Floro, J. [Department of Materials Science and Engineering, University of Virginia, Charlottesville, Virginia 22904 (United States); Jamet, M. [Institut Nanosciences et Cryogenie/SP2M, CEA-UJF, F-38054 Grenoble (France)

2012-12-10T23:59:59.000Z

320

Synthesis, characterization, and microwave-absorbing properties of polypyrrole/MnFe2O4 nanocomposite  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Conductive polypyrrole (PPy)-manganese ferrite (MnFe2O4) nanocomposites with core-shell structure were synthesized by in situ polymerization in the presence of dodecyl benzene sulfonic acid (DBSA) as the surfactant and dopant and ...

Seyed Hossein Hosseini; Ahmad Asadnia

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "detroit mn twin" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
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321

Aliovalent titanium substitution in layered mixed Li Ni-Mn-Co oxides for lithium battery applications  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Improved electrochemical characteristics are observed for Li[Ni1/3Co1/3-yMyMn1/3]O2 cathode materials when M=Ti and ycapacity.

Kam, Kinson; Doeff, Marca M.

2010-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

322

Electrophysical properties of semimagnetic solid solutions Hg 1?x Mn x Te  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A comprehensive study of the electrophysical properties of the semimagnetic ternary solid solution Hg 1?x Mn x Te an alternative material to Hg 1?x Cd x Te is reported. The charge-carrier scattering

I. M. Nesmelova; V. N. Ryzhkov; M. I. Ibragimova; V. Yu. PetukhovKazan Physicotechnical Institute, Kazan Research Center of the Russian Academy of Sciences, Kazan?420029, Russia

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

323

Spin current switching and spin-filtering effects in Mn-doped boron nitride nanoribbons  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The spin transport properties are investigated by means of the first principle approach for boron nitride nanoribbons with one or two substitutional Mn impurities, connected to graphene electrodes. The spin current polarization is evaluated using the ...

G. A. Nemnes

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

324

Mn Monolayer Modified Rh for Syngas-to-Ethanol Conversion: A First-Principles Study  

SciTech Connect

Rh is unique in its ability to convert syngas to ethanol with the help of promoters. We performed systematic first-principles computations to examine the catalytic performance of pure and Mn modified Rh(100) surfaces for ethanol formation from syngas. CO dissociation on the surface as well as CO insertion between the chemisorbed CH{sub 3} and the surface are the two key steps. The CO dissociation barrier on the Mn monolayer modified Rh(100) surface is remarkably lowered by {approx}1.5 eV compared to that on Rh(100). Moreover, the reaction barrier of CO insertion into the chemisorbed CH{sub 3} group on the Mn monolayer modified Rh(100) surface is 0.34 eV lower than that of methane formation. Thus the present work provides new mechanistic insight into the role of Mn promoters in improving Rh's selectivity to convert syngas to ethanol.

Li, Fengyu [University of Puerto Rico; Jiang, Deen [ORNL; Zeng, X.C. [University of Nebraska, Lincoln; Chen, Zhongfang [University of Puerto Rico

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

325

Building of a Novel Mn12 Single Molecule Magnet by Assembly of Anisotropic  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Building of a Novel Mn12 Single Building of a Novel Mn12 Single Molecule Magnet by Assembly of Anisotropic Triangles Building of a Novel Mn12 Single Molecule Magnet by Assembly of Anisotropic Triangles Print Wednesday, 06 July 2011 12:58 Assembly of triangular {MnIII3(O)(salox)3}+ fragments mediated by azido ligands, results in the dodecanuclear [Mn12O4(salox)12(N3)4(MeOH)4(H2O)2] complex with S = 8 ground state and SMM response. After the discovery of the Single-Molecule-Magnet (SMM) behaviour of [Mn6(O)2(salox)6(R-COO)2] (salox = salicylaldoxime, R = Me, Ph) complexes in 2004,1 the chemistry of this family of [Mn6] clusters has been studied in depth: the systematic change of the carboxylato ligands, the study of substitutedR-saloxH2 related ligands,2 the effect of variation of the oxidation state,3 the response under pressure4 or the one-dimensional assembly of [Mn6] units into chains of clusters5 with Single-Chain-Magnet behaviour in some cases,5c,d turn this system into one of the best known in the SMM field. One of the main goals of this work, developed by Brechin et al. has been to modulate the value of the ground spin level, reaching the maximum possible spin S = 12 by means of the adequate choice of methyl or ethyl substituted salicylaldoximes and the understanding of the structural features that control the coupling inside the triangles. Article Link (PDF)

326

Twin-belt continuous caster with containment and cooling of the exiting cast product for enabling high-speed casting of molten-center product  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

In continuously casting molten metal into cast product by a twin-belt machine, it is desirable to achieve dramatic increases in speed (linear feet per minute) at which cast product exits the machine, particularly in installations where steel cast product is intended to feed a downstream regular rolling mill (as distinct from a planetary mill) operating in tandem with the twin-belt caster. Such high-speed casting produces product with a relatively thin shell and molten interior, and the shell tends to bulge outwardly due to metallostatic head pressure of the molten center. A number of cooperative features enable high-speed, twin-belt casting: (1) Each casting belt is slidably supported adjacent to the caster exit pulley for bulge control and enhanced cooling of cast product. (2) Lateral skew steering of each belt provides an effective increase in moving mold length plus a continuity of heat transfer not obtained with prior art belt steering apparatus. (3) The exiting slab is contained and supported downstream from the casting machine to prevent bulging of the shell of the cast product, and (4) spray cooling is incorporated in the exit containment apparatus for secondary cooling of cast product.

Dykes, Charles D. (303 Shore Rd., Milton, VT); Daniel, Sabah S. (303 Shore Rd., Pittsburgh, PA); Wood, J. F. Barry (303 Shore Rd., Burlington, VT 05401)

1990-02-20T23:59:59.000Z

327

NEUTRON DIFFRACTION STUDY OF A NON-STOICHIOMETRIC Ni-Mn-Ga MSM ALLOY  

SciTech Connect

The structure and chemical order of a Heusler alloy of non-stoichiometric composition Ni-Mn-Ga were studied using constant-wavelength (1.538 ) neutron diffraction at 363K and the diffraction pattern was refined using the FullProf software. At this temperature the structure is austenite (cubic) with Fm-3m space group and lattice constant of a = 5.83913(4) [ ]. The chemical order is of critical importance in these alloys, as Mn becomes antiferromagnetic when the atoms are closer than the radius of the 3d shell. In the studied alloy the refinement of the site occupancy showed that the 4b (Ga site) contained as much as 22% Mn; that significantly alters the distances between the Mn atoms in the crystal and, as a result, also the exchange energy between some of the Mn atoms. Based on the refinement, the composition was determined to be Ni1.91Mn1.29Ga0.8

Ari-Gur, Pnina [Western Michigan University; Garlea, Vasile O [ORNL

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

328

Pair production of Higgs bosons associated with $Z$ boson in the left-right twin Higgs model at the ILC  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The left-right twin Higgs(LRTH) model predicts the existence of three additional Higgs bosons: one neutral Higgs $\\phi^{0}$ and a pair of charged Higgs bosons $\\phi^{\\pm}$. In this paper, we studied the production of a pair of charged and neutral Higgs bosons associated with standard model gauge boson $Z$ at the ILC, i.e., $e^{+}e^{-}\\rightarrow Z\\phi^{+}\\phi^{-}$ and $e^{+}e^{-}\\rightarrow Z\\phi^{0}\\phi^{0}$. We calculate the production rate and present the distributions of the various observables, such as, the distributions of the energy and the transverse momenta of final $Z$-boson and charged Higgs boson $\\phi^{-}$, the differential cross section of the invariant mass of charged Higgs bosons pair, the distribution of the angle between charged Higgs bosons pair and the production angle distributions of $Z$-boson and charged Higgs boson $\\phi^{-}$. Our numerical results show that, for the process $e^{+}e^{-}\\rightarrow Z\\phi^{+}\\phi^{-}$, the production rates are at the level of $10^{-1} fb$ with reasonable parameter values. For the process of $e^{+}e^{-}\\rightarrow Z\\phi^{0}\\phi^{0}$, we find that the production cross section are smaller than $6\\times 10^{-3} fb$ in most of parameter space. However, the resonance production cross section can be significantly enhanced.

Yao-Bei Liu; Xue-Lei Wang

2010-06-23T23:59:59.000Z

329

Oxidation Behavior of In-Flight Molten Aluminum Droplets in the Twin-Wire Electric Arc Thermal Spray Process  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper examines the in-flight oxidation of molten aluminum sprayed in air using the twin-wire electric arc (TWEA) thermal spray process. The oxidation reaction of aluminum in air is highly exothermic and is represented by a heat generation term in the energy balance. Aerodynamic shear at the droplet surface enhances the amount of in-flight oxidation by: (1) promoting entrainment and mixing of the surface oxides within the droplet, and (2) causing a continuous heat generation effect that increases droplet temperature over that of a droplet without internal circulation. This continual source of heat input keeps the droplets in a liquid state during flight. A linear rate law based on the Mott-Cabrera theory was used to estimate the growth of the surface oxide layer formed during droplet flight. The calculated oxide volume fraction of an average droplet at impact agrees well with the experimentally determined oxide content for a typical TWEA-sprayed aluminum coating, which ranges from 3.3 to 12.7%. An explanation is provided for the elevated, nearly constant surface temperature (~ 2000 oC) of the droplets during flight to the substrate and shows that the majority of oxide content in the coating is produced during flight, rather than after deposition.

Donna Post Guillen; Brian G. Williams

2005-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

330

Effects of laser irradiation on the self-assembly of MnAs nanoparticles in a GaAs matrix  

SciTech Connect

We investigate the effects of laser irradiation on the self-assembly of MnAs nanoparticles during solid-phase decomposition in a GaAs matrix. It is found that laser irradiation suppresses the growth of MnAs nanoparticles from small to large size, and that the median diameter D{sub 1} in the size distribution of small MnAs nanoparticles depends on the incident photon energy E following D{sub 1} {approx} E{sup -1/5}. We explain this behavior by the desorption of Mn atoms on the MnAs nanoparticle surface due to resonant optical absorption, in which incident photons excite intersubband electronic transitions between the quantized energy levels in the MnAs nanoparticles.

Hai, Pham Nam; Nomura, Wataru [Department of Electrical Engineering and Information Systems, University of Tokyo, 7-3-1 Hongo, Bunkyo-ku, Tokyo 113-8656 (Japan); Yatsui, Takashi; Ohtsu, Motoichi; Tanaka, Masaaki [Department of Electrical Engineering and Information Systems, University of Tokyo, 7-3-1 Hongo, Bunkyo-ku, Tokyo 113-8656 (Japan); Nanophotonics Research Center, University of Tokyo, 7-3-1 Hongo, Bunkyo-ku, Tokyo 113-8656 (Japan)

2012-11-05T23:59:59.000Z

331

Magnetic field-induced phase transformation and variant reorientation in Ni2MnGa and NiMnCoIn magnetic shape memory alloys  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The purpose of this work is to reveal the governing mechanisms responsible for the magnetic field-induced i) martensite reorientation in Ni2MnGa single crystals, ii) stress-assisted phase transformation in Ni2MnGa single crystals and iii) phase transformation in NiMnCoIn alloys. The ultimate goal of utilizing these mechanisms is to increase the actuation stress levels in magnetic shape memory alloys (MSMAs). Extensive experimental work on magneto-thermo-mechanical (MTM) characterization of these materials enabled us to i) better understand the ways to increase the actuation stress and strain and decrease the required magnetic field for actuation in MSMAs, ii) determine the effects of main MTM parameters on reversible magnetic field induced phase transformation, such as magnetocrystalline anisotropy energy (MAE), Zeeman energy (ZE), stress hysteresis, thermal hysteresis, critical stress for the stress induced phase transformation and crystal orientation, iii) find out the feasibility of employing polycrystal MSMAs, and iv) formulate a thermodynamical framework to capture the energetics of magnetic field-induced phase transformations in MSMAs. Magnetic shape memory properties of Ni2MnGa single crystals were characterized by monitoring magnetic field-induced strain (MFIS) as a function of compressive stress and stress-induced strain as a function of magnetic field. It is revealed that the selection of the operating temperature with respect to martensite start and Curie temperatures is critical in optimizing actuator performance. The actuation stress of 5 MPa and work output of 157 kJm?3 are obtained by the field-induced variant reorientation in NiMnGa alloys. Reversible and one-way stress-assisted field-induced phase transformations are observed in Ni2MnGa single crystals under low field magnitudes (transformation and shape memory characteristics of NiMnCoIn single crystals are also studied. Reversible field-induced phase transformation is observed only under high magnetic fields (>4T). Necessary magnetic and mechanical conditions, and materials design and selection guidelines are proposed to search for field-induced phase transformation in other ferromagnetic materials that undergo thermoelastic martensitic phase transformation.

Karaca, Haluk Ersin

2007-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

332

Properties of Ga{sub 1-x}Mn{sub x}As with high x (>0.1)  

SciTech Connect

We have investigated the magnetic and the crystalline properties of a set of Ga{sub 1-x}Mn{sub x}As layers with high nominal Mn compositions (x=0.101-0.198). Magnetization measurements and combined channeling Rutherford backscattering (c-RBS) and particle induced x-ray emission (c-PIXE) measurements have been performed to determine the effective Mn composition x{sub eff} and the fraction of Mn atoms at various lattice sites. Here, x{sub eff} determined from magnetization measurements, which increases with increasing x, is consistent with the results determined from c-RBS-PIXE measurements.

Chiba, D. [Semiconductor Spintronics Project, Exploratory Research for Advanced Technology, Japan Science and Technology Agency, Sendai 980-0023 (Japan); Laboratory for Nanoelectronics and Spintronics, Research Institute of Electrical Communication, Tohoku University, Katahira 2-1-1, Aoba-ku, Sendai 980-8577 (Japan); Yu, K. M.; Walukiewicz, W. [Electronic Materials Program, Materials Sciences Division, Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, Berkeley, California 94549 (United States); Nishitani, Y. [Laboratory for Nanoelectronics and Spintronics, Research Institute of Electrical Communication, Tohoku University, Katahira 2-1-1, Aoba-ku, Sendai 980-8577 (Japan); Matsukura, F.; Ohno, H. [Laboratory for Nanoelectronics and Spintronics, Research Institute of Electrical Communication, Tohoku University, Katahira 2-1-1, Aoba-ku, Sendai 980-8577 (Japan); Semiconductor Spintronics Project, Exploratory Research for Advanced Technology, Japan Science and Technology Agency, Sendai 980-0023 (Japan)

2008-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

333

Mn-Stabilized Zirconia: From Imitation Diamonds to a New Potential High-T{sub C} Ferromagnetic Spintronics Material  

SciTech Connect

From the basis of ab initio electronic structure calculations which include the effects of thermally excited magnetic fluctuations, we predict Mn-stabilized cubic zirconia to be ferromagnetic above 500 K. We find this material, which is well known both as an imitation diamond and as a catalyst, to be half-metallic with the majority and minority spin Mn impurity states lying in zirconia's wide gap. The Mn concentration can exceed 40%. The high-T{sub C} ferromagnetism is robust to oxygen vacancy defects and to how the Mn impurities are distributed on the Zr fcc sublattice. We propose this ceramic as a promising future spintronics material.

Ostanin, S. [Max-Planck-Institut fuer Mikrostrukturphysik, Weinberg 2, D-06120 Halle (Saale) (Germany); Department of Physics, University of Warwick, Coventry CV4 7AL (United Kingdom); Ernst, A.; Sandratskii, L. M.; Bruno, P. [Max-Planck-Institut fuer Mikrostrukturphysik, Weinberg 2, D-06120 Halle (Saale) (Germany); Daene, M.; Hergert, W.; Mertig, I. [Martin-Luther-Universitaet Halle-Wittenberg, Fachbereich Physik, D-06099 Halle (Germany); Hughes, I. D.; Staunton, J. B. [Department of Physics, University of Warwick, Coventry CV4 7AL (United Kingdom); Kudrnovsky, J. [Max-Planck-Institut fuer Mikrostrukturphysik, Weinberg 2, D-06120 Halle (Saale) (Germany); Institute of Physics, Academy of Sciences of the Czech Republic, Na Slovance 2, CZ-18221 Prague 8 (Czech Republic)

2007-01-05T23:59:59.000Z

334

Flexible Zn2SnO4/MnO2 Core/Shell Nanocable-Carbon Microfiber ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Presentation Title, Flexible Zn2SnO4/MnO2 Core/Shell Nanocable-Carbon Microfiber Hybrid Composites for High-Performance Supercapacitor Electrodes.

335

Magnetic order near 270 K in mineral and synthetic Mn 2 FeSbO 6 ilmenite  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The structural and magnetic properties of Mn 2 FeSbO 6 single-crystalline mineral and ceramic samples synthesized under thermobaric treatment have been investigated

R. Mathieu; S. A. Ivanov; G. V. Bazuev; M. Hudl; P. Lazor; I. V. Solovyev; P. Nordblad

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

336

Novel Solar Energy Conversion Materials by Design of Mn(II) Oxides  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Solar energy conversion materials need to fulfill simultaneously a number of requirements in regard of their band-structure, optical properties, carrier transport, and doping. Despite their desirable chemical properties, e.g., for photo-electrocatalysis, transition-metal oxides usually do not have desirable semiconducting properties. Instead, oxides with open cation d-shells are typically Mott or charge-transfer insulators with notoriously poor transport properties, resulting from large effective electron/hole masses or from carrier self-trapping. Based on the notion that the electronic structure features (p-d interaction) supporting the p-type conductivity in d10 oxides like Cu2O and CuAlO2 occurs in a similar fashion also in the d5 (high-spin) oxides, we recently studied theoretically the band-structure and transport properties of the prototypical binary d5 oxides MnO and Fe2O3 [PRB 85, 201202(R)]. We found that MnO tends to self-trap holes by forming Mn+III, whereas Fe2O3 self-traps electrons by forming Fe+II. However, the self-trapping of holes is suppressed by when Mn is tetrahedrally coordinated, which suggests specific routes to design novel solar conversion materials by considering ternary Mn(II) oxides or oxide alloys. We are presenting theory, synthesis, and initial characterization for these novel energy materials.

Lany, S.; Peng, H.; Ndione, P.; Zakutayev, A.; Ginley, D. S.

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

337

High-Resolution Structure of the Photosynthetic Mn4Ca Catalyst from X-ray Spectroscopy  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The application of high-resolution X-ray spectroscopy methods to study the photosynthetic water oxidizing complex, which contains a unique hetero-nuclear catalytic Mn4Ca cluster, are described. Issues of X-ray damage especially at the metal sites in the Mn4Ca cluster are discussed. The structure of the Mn4Ca catalyst at high-resolution which has so far eluded attempts of determination by X-ray diffraction, EXAFS and other spectroscopic techniques has been addressed using polarized EXAFS techniques applied to oriented PS II membrane preparations and PS II single crystals. A review of how the resolution of traditional EXAFS techniques can be improved, using methods such as range-extended EXAFS is presented, and the changes that occur in the structure of the cluster as it advances through the catalytic cycle are described. X-ray absorption and emission techniques (XANES and K? emission) have been used earlier to determine the oxidation states of the Mn4Ca cluster, and in this report we review the use of X-ray resonant Raman spectroscopy to understand the electronic structure of the Mn4Ca cluster as it cycles through the intermediate S-states.

Yachandra, Vittal; Yano, Junko; Kern, Jan; Pushkar, Yulia; Sauer, Kenneth; Glatzel, Pieter; Bergmann, Uwe; Messinger, Johannes; Zouni, Athina; Yachandra, Vittal K.

2007-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

338

Carbon/lambda-MnO{sub 2} composites for supercapacitor electrodes  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In the present work a composite of carbon with lambda-MnO{sub 2} have been synthesized by a simple two-step route. In the first step, to obtain LiMn{sub 2}O{sub 4}/carbon material, mesoporous activated carbon was impregnated with the solution of precursor metal salts and heated subsequently. As-prepared materials were acid treated which resulted in the formation of lambda-MnO{sub 2}/carbon. Physical properties, structure and specific surface area of electrode materials were studied by TEM, X-ray diffraction and nitrogen sorption measurements. Voltammetry cycling, galvanostatic charge/discharge and impedance spectroscopy measurements performed in two- and three-electrode cells have been applied in order to measure electrochemical parameters. TEM images confirmed well dispersed lambda-MnO{sub 2} particles on the surface of carbon material. The carbon in the composite plays an important role as the surface area enhancing component and a support of pseudocapacitive material. Furthermore, the through-connected porosity serves as a continuous pathway for electrolyte transport. A synergetic effect of the porous carbon framework and of the redox properties of the lambda-MnO{sub 2} is at the origin of improvement of specific capacitance values which has been observed for composites after delithiation. - Comparison of capacitance characteristics for initial carbon and synthesised composites for CB in 1 mol L{sup -1} Na{sub 2}SO{sub 4} solution.

Malak-Polaczyk, A., E-mail: agnieszka-malak@wp.p [Institute of Chemistry and Technical Electrochemistry, Poznan University of Technology, Piotrowo 3, 60-695 Poznan (Poland); Institut de Sciences des Materiaux de Mulhouse, CNRS LRC 7228, 15 Rue Starcky, 68057 Mulhouse (France); Matei-Ghimbeu, C.; Vix-Guterl, C. [Institut de Sciences des Materiaux de Mulhouse, CNRS LRC 7228, 15 Rue Starcky, 68057 Mulhouse (France); Frackowiak, E. [Institute of Chemistry and Technical Electrochemistry, Poznan University of Technology, Piotrowo 3, 60-695 Poznan (Poland)

2010-04-15T23:59:59.000Z

339

Investigation of Modified Ni-Cr-Mn Base Alloys for SOFC Interconnect Applications  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Two Ni-Cr-W-Mn base alloys based on Haynes 230 were developed and evaluated against criteria relevant to SOFC interconnect applications, which included oxidation behavior under SOFC operating conditions, scale electrical conductivity, and thermal expansion. It was found that, similar to the ferritic stainless steel Crofer22 APU, additions of Mn led to the formation of a unique scale that was comprised of a M3O4 (M=Mn, Cr, Ni, …) spinel-rich top layer and Cr2O3-rich sub-layer. The modified alloys demonstrated reasonable oxidation resistance under SOFC operating conditions, though the Mn additions increased the scale growth rate and thus sacrificed to some extent the oxidation resistance of the base alloy (Haynes 230). The formation of a spinel-rich top layer improved the scale conductivity, especially during the early stages of oxidation, but the higher scale growth rate resulted in a higher rate of increase in the area-specific electrical resistance. Due to their FCC crystal structure, the Ni-Cr-W-Mn base alloys demonstrated a CTE that was higher than that of anode-supported cells and candidate ferritic stainless steels such as Crofer22 APU.

Yang, Z Gary; Singh, Prabhakar; Stevenson, Jeffry W.; Xia, Gordon

2006-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

340

Xcel Energy - Solar*Rewards Program and MN Made PV Rebate Program |  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Xcel Energy - Solar*Rewards Program and MN Made PV Rebate Program Xcel Energy - Solar*Rewards Program and MN Made PV Rebate Program Xcel Energy - Solar*Rewards Program and MN Made PV Rebate Program < Back Eligibility Commercial Local Government Nonprofit Residential Savings Category Solar Buying & Making Electricity Maximum Rebate $90,000 (as determined by the incentive level and maximum system size) Program Info Start Date 03/01/2010 State Minnesota Program Type Utility Rebate Program Rebate Amount REC Rebate Program 2010-2012:$2.25/W DC REC Rebate Program 2013:$1.50/W DC Minnesota Made Bonus 2010-2012:Up to an additional $2.75/W DC (paired with REC Rebate) Provider Xcel Energy '''''Note: All 2012 funding for the Solar*Rewards program and Minnesota Made Bonus has been reserved as of July 11, 2012. On October 1, 2012, the

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "detroit mn twin" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
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341

Magnetism, chemical spots, and stratification in the HgMn star phi Phoenicis  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Mercury-manganese (HgMn) stars have been considered as non-magnetic and non-variable chemically peculiar (CP) stars for a long time. However, recent discoveries of the variability in spectral line profiles suggested an inhomogeneous surface distribution of chemical elements in some HgMn stars. From the studies of other CP stars it is known that magnetic field plays a key role in the formation of surface spots. All attempts to find magnetic fields in HgMn stars yielded negative results. In this study, we investigate a possible presence of the magnetic field in phi Phe (HD 11753) and reconstruct surface distribution of chemical elements that show variability in spectral lines. We also test a hypothesis that magnetic field is concentrated in chemical spots and look into the possibility that some chemical elements are stratified with depth in the stellar atmosphere.

Makaganiuk, V; Piskunov, N; Jeffers, S V; Johns-Krull, C M; Keller, C U; Rodenhuis, M; Snik, F; Stempels, H C; Valenti, J A

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

342

In-situ spectro-microscopy on organic films: Mn-Phthalocyanine on Ag(100)  

SciTech Connect

Metal phthalocyanines are attracting significant attention, owing to their potential for applications in chemical sensors, solar cells and organic magnets. As the electronic properties of molecular films are determined by their crystallinity and molecular packing, the optimization of film quality is important for improving the performance of organic devices. Here, we present the results of in situ low-energy electron microscopy / photoemission electron microscopy (LEEM/PEEM) studies of incorporation-limited growth [1] of manganese-phthalocyanine (MnPc) on Ag(100) surfaces. MnPc thin films were grown on both, bulk Ag(100) surface and thin Ag(100)/Fe(100) films, where substrate spin-polarized electronic states can be modified through tuning the thickness of the Ag film [2]. We also discuss the electronic structure and magnetic ordering in MnPc thin films, investigated by angle- and spin-resolved photoemission spectroscopy.

Al-Mahboob A.; Vescovo, E.; Sadowski, J.T.

2013-08-18T23:59:59.000Z

343

Growth and Magnetic Properties of Mn-doped Germanium near the Kinetic Solubility Limit  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Growth of high-quality dilute magnetic semiconductor (DMS) material is often compromised by the low solubility of magnetic dopants, leading to formation of precipitates. Here, we explore the feasibility of growing precipitate-free Mn-doped Ge at doping levels near the kinetic solubility limit. Ge:Mn DMS films were grown at low temperature so as to minimize precipitate formation. Meanwhile, epitaxial quality was maintained by employing a very low growth rate. The magnetic properties of these lightly doped films exhibit both interesting contrasts and similarities with those of heavily-doped DMS reported in the literature, indicating that the substitutional Mn contents are very similar. Films grown at 95 degree C are free of intermetallic precipitates, offering useful opportunities for studying the fundamentals of carrier mediated exchange and metal insulator transitions without complications arising from precipitate formation.

Ozer, Mustafa M [University of Tennessee, Knoxville (UTK); Thompson, James R [ORNL; Weitering, Harm H [ORNL

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

344

Microwave-assisted fast vapor-phase transport synthesis of MnAPO-5 molecular sieves  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

MnAPO-5 was prepared by a microwave-assisted vapor-phase transport method at 180 deg. C in short times. The products were characterized by X-ray diffraction, scanning electron microscopy, Fourier transform infrared spectra, UV-vis spectroscopic measurement, NH{sub 3}-temperature-programmed desorption and esterification reaction. It was found that dry gels prepared with aluminum isopropoxide, phosphoric acid and manganese acetate could be transferred to MnAPO-5 in the vapors of triethylamine and water by the microwave-assisted vapor-phase transport method at 180 deg. C for less than 30 min. The crystallization time was greatly reduced by the microwave heating compared with the conventional heating. The resulting MnAPO-5 exhibited much smaller particle sizes, higher surface areas and slightly higher catalytic activity in the esterification of acetic acid and butyl alcohol than those prepared by the conventional vapor-phase transport method and hydrothermal synthesis.

Shao Hui [State Key Laboratory of Materials-Oriented Chemical Engineering, College of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, Nanjing University of Technology, Nanjing 210009 (China); Department of Chemical Engineering, Jiangsu Polytechnic University, Changzhou 213016 (China); Yao Jianfeng; Ke Xuebin [State Key Laboratory of Materials-Oriented Chemical Engineering, College of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, Nanjing University of Technology, Nanjing 210009 (China); Zhang Lixiong [State Key Laboratory of Materials-Oriented Chemical Engineering, College of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, Nanjing University of Technology, Nanjing 210009 (China)], E-mail: lixiongzhang@yahoo.com; Xu Nanping [State Key Laboratory of Materials-Oriented Chemical Engineering, College of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, Nanjing University of Technology, Nanjing 210009 (China)

2009-04-02T23:59:59.000Z

345

Neutron and X-ray diffraction studies on the high temperature phase of Mn{sub 3}(VO{sub 4}){sub 2}, the new isostructural compound NaMn{sub 4}(VO{sub 4}){sub 3} and their mixed crystals Na{sub x}Mn{sub 4.5-x/2}(VO{sub 4}){sub 3} (0{<=}x{<=}1)  

SciTech Connect

This paper presents a detailed structure analysis (combined Rietveld analysis of X-ray and neutron powder diffraction data as well as quantum mechanical calculations) of the high temperature phase of Mn{sub 3}(VO{sub 4}){sub 2} (space group I4 Macron 2d). Special attention is directed to the analysis of the local coordination around Mn{sup 2+} ions or vacancies within a stella quadrangula configuration of anions. Furthermore, the new compound NaMn{sub 4}(VO{sub 4}){sub 3} is described as well as a range of mixed crystals between NaMn{sub 4}(VO{sub 4}){sub 3} and Mn{sub 3}(VO{sub 4}){sub 2} (described by the formula Na{sub x}Mn{sub 4.5-x/2}(VO{sub 4}){sub 3}, 0{<=}x{<=}1) which were synthesized by a solid state route. All compounds were shown to be isostructural to the high temperature phase Mn{sub 3}(VO{sub 4}){sub 2}. - Graphical abstract: The crystal structure of the new compound NaMn{sub 4}(VO{sub 4}){sub 3}. Highlights: Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer We present neutron and X-ray diffraction studies on high temperature-Mn{sub 3}(VO{sub 4}){sub 2}. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Structural details of partly filled stellae quadrangulae positions are discussed. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Refined structural parameters and theoretical calculations are compared. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer We investigate the mixed crystal system Mn{sub 3}(VO{sub 4}){sub 2}-NaMn{sub 4}(VO{sub 4}){sub 3}.

Clemens, Oliver [Universitaet des Saarlandes, Institut fuer Anorganische und Analytische Chemie und Radiochemie, Am Markt, Zeile 5, 66125 Saarbruecken (Germany)] [Universitaet des Saarlandes, Institut fuer Anorganische und Analytische Chemie und Radiochemie, Am Markt, Zeile 5, 66125 Saarbruecken (Germany); Haberkorn, Robert [Universitaet des Saarlandes, Anorganische Festkoerperchemie, Am Markt, Zeile 3, 66125 Saarbruecken (Germany)] [Universitaet des Saarlandes, Anorganische Festkoerperchemie, Am Markt, Zeile 3, 66125 Saarbruecken (Germany); Springborg, Michael [Universitaet des Saarlandes, Physikalische und Theoretische Chemie, Campus B2 2, 66123 Saarbruecken (Germany)] [Universitaet des Saarlandes, Physikalische und Theoretische Chemie, Campus B2 2, 66123 Saarbruecken (Germany); Beck, Horst Philipp, E-mail: hp.beck@mx.uni-saarland.de [Universitaet des Saarlandes, Institut fuer Anorganische und Analytische Chemie und Radiochemie, Am Markt, Zeile 5, 66125 Saarbruecken (Germany)

2012-10-15T23:59:59.000Z

346

Stoichiometric growth of high Curie temperature heavily alloyed GaMnAs  

SciTech Connect

Heavily alloyed, 100 nm Ga{sub 1-x}Mn{sub x}As (x>0.1) films are obtained via low-temperature molecular beam epitaxy by utilizing a combinatorial technique which allows systematic control of excess arsenic during growth. Reproducible electronic, magnetic, and structural properties are optimized in a narrow range of stoichiometric growth conditions. In contrast to a prediction of the Zener model of hole-mediated ferromagnetism, the Curie temperature of the stoichiometric material is independent of x (for x>0.1), while substitutional Mn content is proportional to x within a large window of growth conditions.

Mack, S.; Myers, R. C.; Heron, J. T.; Gossard, A. C.; Awschalom, D. D. [Center for Spintronics and Quantum Computation, University of California, Santa Barbara, California 93106 (United States)

2008-05-12T23:59:59.000Z

347

Ultrafast Enhancement of Ferromagnetism via Photoexcited Holes inGaMnAs  

SciTech Connect

We report on the observation of ultrafast photo-enhanced ferromagnetism in GaMnAs. It is manifested as a transient magnetization increase on a 100-ps time scale, after an initial sub-ps demagnetization. The dynamic magnetization enhancement exhibits a maximum below the Curie temperature {Tc} and dominates the demagnetization component when approaching {Tc}. We attribute the observed ultrafast collective ordering to the p-d exchange interaction between photoexcited holes and Mn spins, leading to a correlation-induced peak around 20K and a transient increase in {Tc}.

Wang, J.; Cotoros, I.; Dani, K.M.; Liu, X.; Furdyna, J.K.; Chemla, D.S.

2007-02-17T23:59:59.000Z

348

Relaxation of photoinduced spins and carriers in ferromagnetic InMnSb films  

SciTech Connect

The authors report time resolved measurements and control of photoinduced spin and carrier relaxations in InMnSb ferromagnetic films with 2% Mn content (grown by low-temperature molecular beam epitaxy) using femtosecond laser pulses, and compare them to analogous measurements on InBeSb and InSb films. In this work, magneto-optical Kerr effect and standard pump-probe techniques provided a direct measure of the photoexcited spin and carrier lifetimes, respectively. They observe decrease in relaxations times in the high laser fluence regime and an absence of temperature dependence of the relaxation times.

Nontapot, K.; Kini, R. N.; Gifford, A.; Merritt, T. R.; Khodaparast, G. A.; Wojtowicz, T.; Liu, X.; Furdyna, J. K. [Department of Physics, Virginia Tech, Blacksburg, Virginia 24061 (United States); Institute of Physics, Polish Academy of Sciences, 02-668 Warsaw (Poland); Department of Physics, University of Notre Dame, Notre Dame, Indiana 46556 (United States)

2007-04-02T23:59:59.000Z

349

Fabrication of (Mn,Co)3O4 Surface Coatings onto Alloy Substrates  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Ferritic stainless steels are promising candidates for IT-SOFC interconnect applications due to their low cost and resistance to oxidation at SOFC operating temperatures. However, several challenges remain, including long term electrical conductivity and surface stability under interconnect exposure conditions and chromia scale evaporation. One means of extending interconnect lifetime and improving performance is to apply a protective coating, such as (Mn,Co)3O4 spinel, to the cathode side of the interconnect. These coatings have proven effective in reducing scale growth kinetics and Cr volatility. This report describes several procedures developed at PNNL for fabricating (Mn,Co)3O4 spinel coatings onto ferritic stainless steels.

Yang, Zhenguo; Xia, Guanguang; Li, Xiaohong S.; Singh, Prabhakar; Stevenson, Jeffry W.

2007-04-30T23:59:59.000Z

350

Multisegmented Au-MnO2/Carbon Nanotube Hybrid Coaxial Arrays for High-Power Supercapacitor Applications  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Multisegmented Au-MnO2/Carbon Nanotube Hybrid Coaxial Arrays for High-Power SupercapacitorVised Manuscript ReceiVed: NoVember 4, 2009 The present work reports on synthesis and supercapacitor applications hybrid coaxial arrays are efficient electrodes for supercapacitor applications. Au-segmented MnO2/CNT

Ajayan, Pulickel M.

351

Growth of single-crystal {alpha}-MnO{sub 2} nanorods on multi-walled carbon nanotubes  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Single-crystal {alpha}-MnO{sub 2} nanorods were grown on multi-walled carbon nanotubes (MWNTs) in H{sub 2}SO{sub 4} aqueous solution. The morphology and microstructure of the composites were examined by transmission electron microscopy, high-resolution transmission electron microscopy (HRTEM), X-ray diffractometry and energy dispersive spectroscopy (EDS). The results show that {alpha}-MnO{sub 2} single-crystal nanorods with a mean diameter of 15 nm were densely grown on the surface of MWNTs. Those MWNTs/MnO{sub 2} composites were used as an electrode material for supercapacitors, and it was found that the supercapacitor performance using MWNTs/MnO{sub 2} composites was improved largely compared to that using pure MWNTs and {alpha}-MnO{sub 2} nanorod mechanically mixed with MWNTs.

Chen Yong [Shenyang National Laboratory for Materials Science, Institute of Metal Research, Chinese Academy of Sciences, 72 Wenhua Road, Shenyang 110016 (China); Key Laboratory of Tropic Biological Resources, MOE, Hainan University, 58 Renmin Road, Haikou 570228 (China); Liu Chenguang; Liu Chang [Shenyang National Laboratory for Materials Science, Institute of Metal Research, Chinese Academy of Sciences, 72 Wenhua Road, Shenyang 110016 (China); Lu Gaoqing [ARC Centre for Functional Nanomaterials, Australian Institute of Bioengineering and Nanotechnology, University of Queensland, QLD 4072 (Australia); Cheng Huiming [Shenyang National Laboratory for Materials Science, Institute of Metal Research, Chinese Academy of Sciences, 72 Wenhua Road, Shenyang 110016 (China)], E-mail: cheng@imr.ac.cn

2007-11-06T23:59:59.000Z

352

Effect of solution hardening on the shape memory effect of Fe-Mn based alloys  

SciTech Connect

Fe-high Mn-Si alloys, which undergo {gamma} (fcc) to {var_epsilon} (hcp) martensitic transformation, exhibit a pronounced shape memory effect. The origin of shape memory effect of these alloys is the reversion of stress-induced {var_epsilon} martensite. A shape change must hence be accomplish3ed by stress-induced martensitic transformation without permanent slip in austenite ({gamma}) in order to obtain a good shape memory effect. It is clear that the intrusion of permanent slip can be suppressed by increasing the strength of austenite and by decreasing the applied stress required for a shape change due to stress-induced martensitic transformation. It has been reported that the addition of the interstitial elements of C and N as well as the substitutional elements of Mo and V increases the 0.2% proof stress of austenite in Fe-high Mn alloys. However, there have been few studies on the effect of these alloying elements on the shape memory effect of Fe-high Mn based alloys. In the present study, it was aimed to improve the shape memory effect of Fe-high Mn based alloys by the strengthening of austenite through solution hardening due to C and Mo.

Tsuzaki, K.; Natsume, Y.; Maki, T. [Kyoto Univ. (Japan). Dept. of Materials Science and Engineering; Tomota, Y. [Ibaraki Univ., Hitachi (Japan)

1995-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

353

Magnetic characterizations of sol-gel-produced mn-doped ZnO  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Nanoparticles of ZnO doped with 6 at.% Mn were produced by a sol-gel method. X-ray diffraction confirms the hexagonal structure as that of the parent compound ZnO, and high-resolution electron transmission microscopy reveals a single-crystallite lattice. ...

R. Asmatulu; H. Haynes; M. Shinde; Y. H. Lin; Y. Y. Chen; J. C. Ho

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

354

Cycling performance of nanocrystalline LiMn2O4 thin films via electrophoresis  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The present study demonstrates a novel approach by which titanium foils coated with LiMn2O4 nanocrystals can be processed into a high-surface-area electrode for rechargeable batteries. A detailed study has been performed to elucidate ...

S. Parvathy; R. Ranjusha; K. Sujith; K. R. V. Subramanian; N. Sivakumar; Shantikumar V. Nair; Avinash Balakrishnan

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

355

ON THE COMPETITION BETWEEN FERROMAGNETIC AND ANTIFERROMAGNETIC STATES IN Sr2MnMoO6  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

It is argued that the magnetic behavior of Sr2MnMoO6 is determined by the existence of two total energy minima corresponding to the metallic ferromagnetic and insulating antiferromagnetic states, which may be nearly degenerate depending on the magnitude of the breathing distortion. PACS: 71.20.Be; 71.70.Gm; 72.25.Ba; 75.30.Et

I. V. Solovyev

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

356

Electrodeposition of Mn-Co Alloys on Stainless Steels for SOFC Interconnect Application  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Chromium-containing ferritic stainless steels are the most popular materials for solid oxide fuel cell (SOFC) interconnect applications because of its oxidation resistance and easy fabrication process. However, excessive scale growth and chromium evaporation will degrade the cell performance. Highly conductive coatings that resist oxide scale growth and chromium evaporation may prevent both of these problems. Mn1.5Co1.5O4 spinel is one of the most promising coatings for interconnect application because of its high conducitivy, good chromium retention capability, as well as good CTE match. Electroplating of alloys or thin film multilayers followed by controlled oxidation to the desired spinel phase offers an additional deposition option. In the present study binary Mn/Co alloys was fabricated by electrodeposition, and polarization curves were used to characterize the cathodic reactions on substrate surface. By controlling the current density precisely, coatings with Mn/Co around 1:1 has been successfully deposited in Mn/Co =10 solutions, SEM and EDX was used to characterize the surface morphology and composition.

Wu, J. (West Virginia University); Jiang, Y. (West Virginia University); Johnson, C.; Gong, M. (West Virginia University); Liu, X. (West Virginia University)

2007-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

357

Modulation on Ni{sub 2}MnGa(001) surface  

SciTech Connect

We report periodic modulation on (001) surface of Ni2MnGa ferromagnetic shape memory alloy. For the stoichiometric surface, analysis of the low energy electron diffraction (LEED) spot profiles shows that the modulation is incommensurate. The modulation appears at 200 K, concomitant with the first order structural transition to the martensitic phase.

D'Souza, S. W.; Rai, Abhishek; Nayak, J.; Maniraj, M.; Dhaka, R. S.; Barman, S. R.; Schlagel, D. L.; Lograsso, T. A. [UGC-DAE Consortium for Scientific Research, Khandwa Road, Indore, 452001, Madhya Pradesh (India); Ames Laboratory U. S. DOE, Iowa State University, Ames, Iowa 50011-3020 (United States)

2011-07-15T23:59:59.000Z

358

Southwest MN IPM STUFF All the pestilence that's fit to print  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

in heavily infested fields in the near future. Hatch will continue for some time,. After a hot, humid day and Outreach Center 23669 130th Street Lamberton, MN 56152 Phone: 507.752.5066 Cell: 507.276.1184 Fax: 507

Amin, S. Massoud

359

Southwest MN IPM STUFF All the pestilence that's fit to print  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of fields (hot spots) or field edges. Alate aphids depositing nymphs can rapidly increase the percentage for larva in square foot areas on the ground. During hot weather armyworms may hide under litter. In small 130th Street Lamberton, MN 56152 Phone: 507.752.5066 Cell: 507.276.1184 Fax: 507.752.5097 E

Amin, S. Massoud

360

Southwest MN IPM STUFF All the pestilence that's fit to print  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

indeed treated and the infestation was not a localized hot spot, this may signal the beginning of the end 23669 130th Street Lamberton, MN 56152 Phone: 507.752.5066 Cell: 507.276.1184 Fax: 507.752.5097 E

Amin, S. Massoud

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "detroit mn twin" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


361

Frustration and multiferroic behavior in Ca3CoMnO6  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Lu{sub 2}MnCoO{sub 6} and Ca{sub 3}MnCoO{sub 6} satisfy one of the primary goals of multiferroics research, namely ferromagnetic-like magnetization coupled to ferroelectric-like polarization. Thus the mechanism for magnetoelectric coupling in these materials deserves careful study. New data shows that the physics of these compound may be related to the classic 'ANNNI' model. Frustration between ferromagnetic nearest-neighbor and antiferromagnetic next-nearest-neighbor interactions between Ising spins creates an 'up up down down' magnetic structure in zero magnetic field, along c-axis chains that consist of alternating Co and Mn ions. In applied magnetic fields 'up up down,' 'up up up down' and other metastable variations can evolve, yielding hysteretic ferromagnetic-like magnetization. The key is that the phase slips between regions of 'up' and 'down' carries an electric polarization due to broken spatial inversion symmetry. Thus these phase slips can be manipulated with both electric and magnetic fields. The result is a profusion of magnetic and electric states that are closely-spaced in temperature, electric, and magnetic field. We present experimental studies of the magnetic, electric, and structural properties of these two compounds. We include very new data up to 100 Ton Ca{sub 3}CoMnO{sub 6} that resolves a key controversy of over the magnetic structure and the size of the moments.

Zapf, Vivien [Los Alamos National Laboratory

2012-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

362

Hydrogen Storage in a Microporous Metal-Organic Framework with Exposed Mn2+ Coordination Sites  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Hydrogen Storage in a Microporous Metal-Organic Framework with Exposed Mn2+ Coordination Sites and 90 bar, which at 60 g H2/L provides a storage density 85% of that of liquid hydrogen. The material-358. (2) EERE: Hydrogen, Fuel Cells, & Infrastructure Technologies Program Homepage, www.eere.energy

363

Aliovalent titanium substitution in layered mixed Li Ni-Mn-Co oxides for lithium battery applications  

SciTech Connect

Improved electrochemical characteristics are observed for Li[Ni1/3Co1/3-yMyMn1/3]O2 cathode materials when M=Ti and y<0.07, compared to the baseline material, with up to 15percent increased discharge capacity.

Kam, Kinson; Doeff, Marca M.

2010-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

364

Twins and Nanocrystalline Metals  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Oct 19, 2010... Vikas Tomar, Purdue University; Jianyu Huang, Sandia National Laboratories; Frederic Sansoz, The University of Vermont; Christoph Eberl, ...

365

Local atomic and electronic structure in LaMnO{sub 3} across the orbital ordering transition  

SciTech Connect

The local atomic disorder and electronic structure in the environment of manganese atoms in LaMnO{sub 3} has been studied by x-ray absorption spectroscopy over a temperature range (300-870 K) covering the orbital ordering transition ({approx}710 K). The Mn-O distance splitting into short and long bonds (1.95 and 2.15 A) is kept across the transition temperature, so that the MnO{sub 6} octahedra remain locally Jahn-Teller distorted. Discontinuities in the Mn local structure are identified in the extended x-ray fine structure spectra at this temperature, associated with a reduction of the disorder in the superexchange angle and to the removal of the anisotropy in the radial disorder within the coordination shell. Subtle changes in the electronic local structure also take place at the Mn site at the transition temperature. The near-edge spectra show a small drop of the Mn 4p hole count and a small enhancement in the pre-edge structures at the transition temperature. These features are associated with an increase of the covalence of the Mn-O bonds. Our results shed light on the local electronic and structural phenomena in a model of order-disorder transition, where the cooperative distortion is overcome by the thermal disorder.

Souza, Raquel A.; Souza-Neto, Narcizo M.; Ramos, Aline Y.; Tolentino, Helio C.N.; Granado, Eduardo [Laboratorio Nacional de Luz Sincrotron (LNLS), P.O. Box 6192, 13084-971, Campinas, Sao Paulo, Brazil and (Brazil); Instituto de Fisica Gleb Wataghin, IFGW-UNICAMP, Campinas, SP (Brazil); Laboratorio Nacional de Luz Sincrotron (LNLS), P.O. Box 6192, 13084-971, Campinas, Sao Paulo, Brazil and (Brazil); Departamento de Fisica dos Materiais e Mecanica, DFMT-IF-USP, Sao Paulo, SP (Brazil); Laboratorio Nacional de Luz Sincrotron (LNLS), P.O. Box 6192, 13084-971, Campinas, Sao Paulo, Brazil and (Brazil); Laboratoire de Mineralogie-Cristallographie de Paris, LMCP-UMR 7590-CNRS, Paris (France); Laboratorio Nacional de Luz Sincrotron (LNLS), P.O. Box 6192, 13084-971, Campinas, Sao Paulo (Brazil); Laboratorio Nacional de Luz Sincrotron (LNLS), P.O. Box 6192, 13084-971, Campinas, Sao Paulo, Brazil and (Brazil); Instituto de Fisica Gleb Wataghin, IFGW-UNICAMP, Campinas, SP (Brazil)

2004-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

366

In situ synchrotron x-ray studies of LiMn{sub 2}O{sub 4} cathodes  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

LiCoO{sub 2} cathodes are now used in most commercial lithium ion batteries. LiMn{sub 2}O{sub 4} is an attractive low cost alternative. However, it is difficult to make reproducibly. At Brookhaven National Laboratory two in situ synchrotron x-ray techniques, that are available at the National Synchrotron Light Source (NSLS), have been used to investigate LiMn{sub 2}O{sub 4}. The techniques are x-ray absorption and high resolution x-ray diffraction. With x-ray absorption it is possible to follow the changes in the Mn oxidation state and the changes in the Mn-O and Mn-Mn bond lengths on cycling. Also it is possible to detect amorphous phases. The high energy x-rays at the diffraction Beam Lines at the NSLS (up to 24 KeV) permit in situ x-ray diffraction, in the transmission mode, in thin lithium and lithium ion cells. The evolution of the structural chances that occur on cycling can be followed. These in situ measurements were done on Li/LiMn{sub 2}O{sub 4} cells with a liquid electrolyte (1 M LiPF{sub 6} in a 1:1:3 PC:EC:DMC solvent).

McBreen, J.; Mukerjee, S.; Yang, X.Q. [and others

1997-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

367

Electrochemical and structural characterization of titanium-substituted manganese oxides based on Na0.44MnO2  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

A series of titanium-substituted manganese oxides, Li{sub x}Ti{sub y}Mn{sub 1-y}O{sub 2} (y = 0.11, 0.22, 0.33, 0.44, and 0.55) with the Na{sub 0.44}MnO{sub 2} structure were prepared from Na{sub x}Ti{sub y}Mn{sub 1-y}O{sub 2} (x {approx} 0.44) precursors. The electrochemical characteristics of these compounds, which retain the unique double-tunnel structure during ion exchange, were examined in lithium/polymer electrolyte cells operating at 85 C. All of the substituted cathode materials intercalated lithium reversibly, with Li{sub x}Ti{sub 0.22}Mn{sub 0.78}O{sub 2} exhibiting the highest capacity in polymer cells, about 10-20% greater than that of unsubstituted Li{sub x}MnO{sub 2} made from Na{sub 0.44}MnO{sub 2}. In common with Li{sub x}MnO{sub 2}, the Ti-substituted materials exhibited good capacity retention over one hundred or more cycles, with some compositions exhibiting a fade rate of less than 0.03% per cycle.

Doeff, Marca M.; Richardson, Thomas J.; Hwang, Kwang-Taek

2004-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

368

Magnetic order near 270 K in mineral and synthetic Mn{sub 2}FeSbO{sub 6} ilmenite  

SciTech Connect

The structural and magnetic properties of Mn{sub 2}FeSbO{sub 6} single-crystalline mineral and ceramic samples synthesized under thermobaric treatment have been investigated, and compared to theoretical predictions based on first-principles electronic structure calculations. This ilmenite system displays a sharp magnetic transition just below the room temperature related to a ferrimagnetic ordering of the Mn{sup 2+} and Fe{sup 3+} cations, which makes Mn{sub 2}FeSbO{sub 6} a promising candidate for designing functional magnetic materials.

Mathieu, R.; Hudl, M.; Nordblad, P. [Department of Engineering Sciences, Uppsala University, Box 534, SE-75121 Uppsala (Sweden); Ivanov, S. A. [Department of Engineering Sciences, Uppsala University, Box 534, SE-75121 Uppsala (Sweden); Department of Inorganic Materials, Karpov' Institute of Physical Chemistry, Vorontsovo pole, 10 105064, Moscow K-64 (Russian Federation); Bazuev, G. V. [Institute of Solid-State Chemistry, Ural Branch of the Russian Academy of Science, 620999, Ekaterinburg GSP-145 (Russian Federation); Lazor, P. [Department of Earth Sciences, Uppsala University, Villavaegen 16, SE-75236 Uppsala (Sweden); Solovyev, I. V. [National Institute for Materials Science, 1-2-1 Sengen, Tsukuba, Ibaraki 305-0047 (Japan)

2011-05-16T23:59:59.000Z

369

In situ X-ray absorption fine structure studies of a manganese dioxide electrode in a rechargeable MnO{sub 2}/Zn alkaline battery environment  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Electronic and structural aspects of a MnO{sub 2} electrode in a rechargeable MnO{sub 2}/Zn battery environment have been investigated by in situ Mn K-edge X-ray absorption fine structure (XAFS). The relative amplitudes of the three major Fourier transform shells of the EXAFS (extended XAFS) function of the rechargeable MnO{sub 2} electrode in the undischarged state were found to be similar to those found for ramsdellite, a MnO{sub 2} polymorph with substantial corner-sharing linkages among the basic MnO{sub 6} octahedral units. The analyses of the background-subtracted pre-edge peaks and absorption edge regions for the nominally 1-e{sup {minus}} discharged electrode were consistent with Mn{sup 3+} as being the predominant constituent species, rather than a mixture of Mn{sup 4+} and Mn{sup 2+} sites. Furthermore, careful inspection of both the XANES (X-ray absorption near edge structure) and EXAFS indicated that the full recharge of MnO, which had been previously discharged either by a 1- or 2-equivalent corner-sharing linkages compared to the original undischarged MnO{sub 2}.

Mo, Y.; Hu, Y.; Bae, I.T.; Miller, B.; Scherson, D.A. [Case Western Reserve Univ., Cleveland, OH (United States). Dept. of Chemistry; Antonio, M.R. [Argonne National Lab., IL (United States). Chemistry Div.

1996-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

370

X-ray spectroscopic study of the charge state and local orderingof room-temperature ferromagnetic Mn oped ZnO  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The charge state and local ordering of Mn doped into a pulsed laser deposited single-phase thin film of ZnO are investigated by using X-ray absorption spectroscopy at the O K-, Mn K- and L-edges, and X-ray emission spectroscopy at the O K- and Mn L-edge. This film is found to be ferromagnetic at room temperature. EXAFS measurement shows that Mn{sup 2+} replaces Zn site in tetrahedral symmetry, and there is no evidence for either metallic Mn or MnO in the film. Upon Mn doping, the top of O 2p valence band extends into the bandgap indicating additional charge carries being created.

Guo, J.-H.; Gupta, Amita; Sharma, Parmanand; Rao, K.V.; Marcus,M.A.; Dong, C.L.; Guillen, J.M.O.; Butorin, S.M.; Mattesini, M.; Glans,P.A.; Smith, K.E.; Chang, C.L.; Ahuja, R.

2007-08-07T23:59:59.000Z

371

The preparation of carbon nanotube/MnO2 composite fiber and its application to flexible micro-supercapacitor  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In recent years, flexible electronic devices pursued for potential applications. The design and the fabrication of a novel flexible nanoarchitecture by coating electrical conductive MWCNT fiber with ultrathin films of MnO2 to achieve high ...

Li Li, Chen Chen, Jing Xie, Zehuai Shao, Fuxin Yang

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

372

Synthesis and Electrochemical Properties of Monoclinic LiMnBO[subscript 3] as a Li Intercalation Material  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We investigated the structural stability and electrochemical properties of LiMnBO3 in the hexagonal and monoclinic form with ab initio computations and, for the first time, report electrochemical data on monoclinic ...

Kim, Jae Chul

373

Synthesis and Electrochemical Properties of Monoclinic LiMnBO[subscript 3] as a Li Intercalation Material  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We investigated the structural stability and electrochemical properties of LiMnBO[subscript 3] in the hexagonal and monoclinic form with ab initio computations and, for the first time, report electrochemical data on ...

Kim, Jae Chul

374

Thermal Stabilities of Delithiated Olivine MPO[subscript 4] (M=Fe,Mn) Cathodes investigated using First Principles Calculations  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We present an analysis of the thermal reduction of delithiated LiMnPO[subscript 4] and LiFePO[subscript 4] based on the quarternary phase diagrams as calculated from first principles. Our results confirm the recent ...

Ong, Shyue Ping

375

Preparation of Mn{sub 2}SnO{sub 4} nanoparticles as the anode material for lithium secondary battery  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The ultrafine Mn{sub 2}SnO{sub 4} nanoparticles with diameters of 5-10 nm have been prepared by thermal decomposition of precursor MnSn(OH){sub 6}. The MnSn(OH){sub 6} nanoparticles precursor was synthesized by a hydrothermal microemulsion method. X-ray diffraction, transmission electron microscopy, high-resolution transmission electron microscopy and electron diffraction have been employed to characterize the crystal structures and morphologies of the as-prepared samples. High-resolution transmission electron microscopy observations revealed that the as-synthesized nanoparticles were single crystals. The thermal characterization was studied by differential thermal analysis and thermogravimetry analysis measurements. Electrochemical test showed that the Mn{sub 2}SnO{sub 4} nanoparticles exhibited a high initial charge-discharge capacity of 1320 mAh/g.

Lei Shuijin [School of Materials Science and Engineering, Nanchang University, No. 999, Xuefu Avenue Honggutan New District, Nanchang, Jiangxi 330031 (China)], E-mail: shjlei@ncu.edu.cn; Tang Kaibin [Nanomaterial and Nanochemistry, Hefei National Laboratory for Physical Sciences at Micro-scale, University of Science and Technology of China, Hefei, Anhui 230026 (China)], E-mail: kbtang@ustc.edu.cn; Chen Chunhua; Jin Yi [Department of Materials Science and Engineering, University of Science and Technology of China, Hefei, Anhui 230026 (China); Zhou Lang [School of Materials Science and Engineering, Nanchang University, No. 999, Xuefu Avenue Honggutan New District, Nanchang, Jiangxi 330031 (China)

2009-02-04T23:59:59.000Z

376

Electrode properties of Mn2O3 nanospheres synthesized by combined sonochemical/solvothermal method for use in electrochemical capacitors  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We report here an efficient single step combined sonochemical and solvothermal synthesis process to obtain bulk quantities of nanospherical particles of cubic Mn2O3 and characterized its pseudocapacitive characteristics in relevance ...

Teressa Nathan; Michael Cloke; S. R. S. Prabaharan

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

377

Electrochemical and structural characterization of titanium-substituted manganese oxides based on Na0.44MnO2  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

by heating them in a molten salt- mixture of 68-mol% LiNOtakes place during the molten salt exchange. Because the850° C. c) prepared by molten salt exchange of Na x Ti y Mn

Doeff, Marca M.; Richardson, Thomas J.; Hwang, Kwang-Taek

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

378

Synthesis and Electrochemical Characterization of M2Mn3O8 (M=Ca, Cu) Compounds and Derivatives  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

surprising, because the molten salt environment at elevatedthe product of the molten salt reaction can be considered tothat is formed during the molten salt reaction with Ca 2 Mn

Park, Yong Joon; Doeff, Marca M.

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

379

DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY EERE PROJECT MN-IAGEMENT CENTER NEPA DETERMINATION  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

MN-IAGEMENT CENTER MN-IAGEMENT CENTER NEPA DETERMINATION Page 1 of4 RECIPIENT:A1aska Energy Authority STATE: AK PROJECT TITLE: Alaska Wind Energy PrOject Funding Opportunity Announcement Number PnK:urcmcntlnstrumcnl Numbcr NEPA Control Number CID Number DE-FG-36-05GOO85038 DE-FG-36-05GOO85038 GFO-G085038-002 G085038 Bastd on my review orthe information concuning the proposed adion, as NEPA Compliance Officer (authorized under DOE Order 45 1.IA), I have made the following determination: ex, EA. [IS APPENDIX AND NUMBER: Description: 61 .19 Microwave, Siting, construction, modification. operation, and removal of microwave, radio communication, and meteorological , meteorological towers and assOCIated facilities, prOVided that the towers and associated facilitJes would

380

Optical transitions in MnGa{sub 2}Se{sub 4}  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The dependence of the absorption coefficient on incident photon energy in a MnGa{sub 2}Se{sub 4} single crystal has been investigated in the temperature range 110-295 K. Using group-theory analysis of the electron state symmetry and comparison of the symmetry of the energy spectrum of MnGa{sub 2}Se{sub 4} and its isoelectronic analogs, a conclusion about the character of optical transitions has been drawn. It is shown that the features observed at 2.31 and 2.45 eV are related to the intracenter transitions {sup 6}A{sub 1}{sup 1} {yields} {sup 4}T{sub 2}({sup 4}G) and {sup 6}A{sub 1}{sup 2} {yields} {sup 4}T{sub 2}({sup 4}G). The {sup 6}A{sub 1} state is split by the crystal field.

Tagiev, B. G.; Kerimova, T. G., E-mail: ktaira@physics.ab.az; Tagiev, O. B.; Asadullayeva, S. G.; Mamedova, I. A. [National Academy of Sciences of Azerbaijan, Institute of Physics (Azerbaijan)

2012-06-15T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "detroit mn twin" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
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381

RECIPIENT:Minnesota Department of Commerce, Office of Energy Security SEP ARRA STATE: MN  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Minnesota Department of Commerce, Office of Energy Security SEP ARRA STATE: MN Minnesota Department of Commerce, Office of Energy Security SEP ARRA STATE: MN PROJECT TITLE: SEP - Residential Ground Source Heat Pump Installation - Schmitz, Mary C. Funding Opportunity Announcement Number DE FOA 0000052 Procurement Instrument Number EE0000164 NEPA Control Number cm Number GFO-0000164-018 0 Based on my review of the information concerning the proposed action, as NEPA Compliance Officer (authorized under DOE Order 451.1A), I have made the following determination: CX, EA, EIS APPENDIX AND NUMBER: Description: 85.1 Actions to conserve energy, demonstrate potential energy conservation, and promote energy-efficiency that do not increase the indoor concentrations of potentially harmful substances. These actions may involve financial and technical

382

File:USDA-CE-Production-GIFmaps-MN.pdf | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

MN.pdf MN.pdf Jump to: navigation, search File File history File usage Minnesota Ethanol Plant Locations Size of this preview: 776 × 600 pixels. Full resolution ‎(1,650 × 1,275 pixels, file size: 311 KB, MIME type: application/pdf) Description Minnesota Ethanol Plant Locations Sources United States Department of Agriculture Related Technologies Biomass, Biofuels, Ethanol Creation Date 2010-01-19 Extent State Countries United States UN Region Northern America States Minnesota External links http://www.nass.usda.gov/Charts_and_Maps/Ethanol_Plants/ File history Click on a date/time to view the file as it appeared at that time. Date/Time Thumbnail Dimensions User Comment current 16:16, 27 December 2010 Thumbnail for version as of 16:16, 27 December 2010 1,650 × 1,275 (311 KB) MapBot (Talk | contribs) Automated bot upload

383

Charge Melting & Polaron Collapse in LA1.2SR1.8MN207  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Charge Melting & Polaron Collapse in LA1.2SR1.8MN207 Charge Melting & Polaron Collapse in LA1.2SR1.8MN207 Recent studies carried out on the Synchrotron Radiation Instrumentation Collaborative Access Team's beamline I-ID-C at the Advanced Photon Source provide new insights into charge melting and polaron collapse. X-ray and neutron scattering measurements directly demonstrate the existence of polarons in the paramagnetic phase of optimally doped colossal magnetoresistive oxides. The polarons exhibit short-range correlations that grow with decreasing temperature, but disappear abruptly at the ferromagnetic transition because of the sudden charge delocalization. The "melting" of the charge ordering as we cool through TC occurs with the collapse of the quasistatic polaron scattering, and provides important new

384

High capacitive performance of nanostructured Mn-Ni-Co oxide composites for supercapacitor  

SciTech Connect

Nanostructured Mn-Ni-Co oxide composites (MNCO) were prepared by thermal decomposition of the precursor obtained by chemical co-precipitation of Mn, Ni and Co salts. The chemical composition and morphology were characterized by X-ray diffraction (XRD), energy dispersive spectroscopy (EDS) and scanning electron microscopy (SEM). The electrochemical capacitance of MNCO electrode was examined by cyclic voltammetry, impedance and galvanostatic charge-discharge measurements. The results showed that MNCO electrode exhibited the good electrochemical characteristics. A maximum capacitance value of 1260 F g{sup -1} could be obtained within the potential range of -0.1 to 0.4 V versus saturated calomel electrode (SCE) in 6 mol L{sup -1} KOH electrolyte.

Luo Jianmin [Institute of Applied Chemistry, Xinjiang University, Urumqi 830046 (China); Gao Bo [College of Material Science and Engineering, Nanjing University of Aeronautics and Astronautics, Nanjing 210016 (China); Zhang Xiaogang [College of Material Science and Engineering, Nanjing University of Aeronautics and Astronautics, Nanjing 210016 (China)], E-mail: azhangxg@163.com

2008-05-06T23:59:59.000Z

385

Structural and magnetic properties of MBE grown GeMnN2 thin films  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Epitaxial GeMnN{sub 2} thin films are synthesized by plasma-assisted molecular beam epitaxy. Transmission electron microscopy and x-ray diffraction measurements confirm that it is the orthorhombic variant, consistent with the predictions of first-principles calculations. The magnetic properties of the films are related to defects, with samples grown under Ge-rich conditions exhibiting a net magnetic moment above room temperature. These results are explained by first-principles calculations, indicating that the preferential substitution of one magnetic sublattice of GeMnN{sub 2} by impurities and/or intrinsic defects such as Ge antisites produces a net magnetic moment in an antiferromagnetic background, and also introduces spin-polarized carriers near the Fermi level.

Liu, Y [University of Wisconsin, Milwaukee; Lazarov, V. K. [University of Wisconsin, Milwaukee; Cheung, S.H. [University of Wisconsin, Milwaukee; Keavney, D.J. [Argonne National Laboratory (ANL); Gai, Zheng [ORNL; Gajdardziska-Josifovska, M [University of Wisconsin, Milwaukee; Weinert, M [University of Wisconsin, Milwaukee; Li, Lian [University of Wisconsin, Milwaukee

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

386

Irradiation-controlled giant magnetoresistance of PtMn-based spin valve  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

He{sup +}-ion irradiation resulted in the direct ordering of PtMn without postannealing. Samples were irradiated with 2 MeV He{sup +} ions and a beam current of 1.08 {mu}A/cm{sup 2} such that the corresponding surface temperature was 190 deg. C. The exchange bias direction was set in situ during irradiation in a field of 900 Oe. A high giant magnetoresistance (GMR) ratio of 11% was obtained in PtMn-based spin valves after He{sup +} irradiation. The GMR is completely eliminated after it is irradiated with oxygen ions at 42 keV. Combining He{sup +} with oxygen-ion irradiation can provide magnetic patterning for GMR sensors.

Huang, S.-H.; Lai, C.-H.; Chiang, C. C.; Yang, C.-H. [Department of Materials Science and Engineering, National Tsing Huang University, 101, Section 2, Kuang Fu Road, Hsinchu, Taiwan 30013 (China)

2006-04-15T23:59:59.000Z

387

FTIR and Raman Study of LixTiyMn1-y2(y=0,0.11) Cathodes in  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

FTIR and Raman Study of LixTiyMn1-y2(y=0,0.11) Cathodes in FTIR and Raman Study of LixTiyMn1-y2(y=0,0.11) Cathodes in Pyrrolidinium-based Ionic Liquid Electrolyte Systems Title FTIR and Raman Study of LixTiyMn1-y2(y=0,0.11) Cathodes in Pyrrolidinium-based Ionic Liquid Electrolyte Systems Publication Type Journal Article Year of Publication 2009 Authors Hardwick, Laurence J., Juliette A. Saint, Ivan T. Lucas, Marca M. Doeff, and Robert Kostecki Journal J. Electrochemical Society Volume 156 Issue 2 Pagination A120-A127 Keywords electrochemical electrodes, Fourier transform spectra, infrared spectra, lithium compounds, manganese compounds, Raman spectra, titanium compounds Abstract This work demonstrates the protective effect of partial titanium substitution in LixTi0.11Mn0.89O2 against surface decomposition in room-temperature ionic liquid (RTILs) cells. Raman microscopy and reflectance Fourier transform IR (FTIR) spectroscopy were used to analyze electrodes recovered from cycled Li/LixTiyMn1-yO2 (y=0,0.11) cells containing the 0.5mol/kg LiTFSI in P13FSI RTIL electrolyte. [TFSI=bis(trifluoromethanesulfonyl)imide .] Raman and FTIR spectra of cycled LixMnO2 cathodes showed many distinct bands that can be attributed to both the electrolyte and electrode decomposition products. The thickness of the amorphous porous layer on the LixMnO2 cathode increased during cycling. The surface degradation of LixMnO2 and precipitation of electrolyte decomposition products contributed to the film growth. Improved cycling behavior was observed in cells containing LixTi0.11Mn0.89O2 , yet Raman spectroscopy also showed possible surface degradation. The FTIR spectra of cycled LixMnO2 and LixTi0.11Mn0.89O2 cathodes displayed bands characteristic for LiSO3CF3 and Li2NSO2CF3 , which originate from the reaction of the TFSI anion with traces of water present in the cell.

388

LiFe(x)Mn(1-x)PO(4): A Cathode for Lithium-ion Batteries  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The high redox potential of LiMnPO{sub 4}, {approx}4.0 vs. (Li{sup +}/Li), and its high theoretical capacity of 170 mAh g{sup -1} makes it a promising candidate to replace LiCoO{sub 2} as the cathode in Li-ion batteries. However, it has attracted little attention because of its severe kinetic problems during cycling. Introducing iron into crystalline LiMnPO{sub 4} generates a solid solution of LiFe{sub x}Mn{sub 1-x}PO{sub 4} and increases kinetics; hence, there is much interest in determining the Fe-to-Mn ratio that will optimize electrochemical performance. To this end, we synthesized a series of nanoporous LiFe{sub x}Mn{sub 1-x}PO{sub 4} compounds (with x = 0, 0.05, 0.1, 0.15, and 0.2), using an inexpensive solid-state reaction. The electrodes were characterized using X-ray diffraction and energy-dispersive spectroscopy to examine their crystal structure and elemental distribution. Scanning-, tunneling-, and transmission-electron microscopy (viz., SEM, STEM, and TEM) were employed to characterize the micromorphology of these materials; the carbon content was analyzed by thermogravimetric analyses (TGAs). We demonstrate that the electrochemical performance of LiFe{sub x}Mn{sub 1-x}PO{sub 4} rises continuously with increasing iron content. In situ synchrotron studies during cycling revealed a reversible structural change when lithium is inserted and extracted from the crystal structure. Further, introducing 20% iron (e.g., LiFe{sub 0.2}Mn{sub 0.8}PO{sub 4}) resulted in a promising capacity (138 mAh g{sup -1} at C/10), comparable to that previously reported for nano-LiMnPO{sub 4}.

J Hong; F Wang; X Wang; J Graetz

2011-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

389

Modeling, synthesis and characterization of LiMn{sub 2}O{sub 4} spinels  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The authors report on an integrated program to understand the fundamentals of LiMn{sub 2}O{sub 4} performance as a cathode for lithium ion rechargeable batteries. Specifically, this program is designed to address the effects of doping on the crystal chemistry, lattice constants, and electrochemical performance. The work is being expanded to include studies on LiCoO{sub 2} and LiNiO{sub 2}.

Doughty, D.H.; Ingersoll, D.; Cygan, R.T.; Westrich, H.R.; Rodriguez, M.A.; Boyle, T.J.; Voigt, J.A. [Sandia National Labs., Albuquerque, NM (United States); Johnson, B.J. [3M Co., St. Paul, MN (United States). Specialty Chemicals Div.

1997-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

390

Annealing effect on the giant magnetoresistance of La-Ca-Mn-O thin films  

SciTech Connect

Thin films of perovskite-like (La,Ca)MnO{sub {delta}} with (001) orientation were grown epitaxially on (100) MgO substrates by a simple facing-target sputtering technique. The as-deposited films already possess a significant low field giant magnetoresistance. Further post-annealing experiments on these samples indicate that the high electrical resistivity is not a prerequisite of the giant magnetoresistance effect.

Zeng, X.T.; Wong, H.K. [Chinese Univ. of Hong Kong, Chatin (Hong Kong). Physics Dept.

1995-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

391

Elastic Properties of the Zintl Ferromagnet Yb14MnSb11  

SciTech Connect

We report measurements of the elastic moduli as a function of temperature (5-300) K and magnetic field (0-2 T) for the Zintl ferromagnet Yb{sub 14}MnSb{sub 11}, which is believed to be a rare example of an underscreened Kondo lattice. The elastic moduli measured below the Curie temperature in this complex ferromagnet exhibit unusual lattice stiffening that is independent of the magnetic field and can be adequately modeled using the Landau theory.

Bhattacharya, Sriparna [University of Tennessee, Knoxville (UTK); Marinescu, D. C. [Clemson University; Morris, James R [ORNL; Sergienko, Ivan A [ORNL; Sales, Brian C [ORNL; Mandrus, D. [University of Tennessee, Knoxville (UTK) & Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL); Keppens, V. [University of Tennessee, Knoxville (UTK)

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

392

Inhomogeneous distribution of mercury on the surfaces of rapidly rotating HgMn stars  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Starspots are usually associated with the action of magnetic fields at the stellar surfaces. However, recently an inhomogeneous chemical distribution of mercury was found for the mercury-manganese (HgMn) star alpha And -- a well-established member of a non-magnetic subclass of the chemically peculiar stars of the upper main sequence. In this study we present first results of the high-resolution survey of the HgII 3984 resonance line in the spectra of rapidly rotating HgMn stars with atmospheric parameters similar to those of alpha And. We use spectrum synthesis modelling and take advantage of the Doppler resolution of the stellar surfaces to probe horizontal structure of mercury distribution. Clear signatures of spots are found in the HgII 3984 line profiles of HR 1185 and HR 8723. Two observations of the latter star separated by two days give evidence for the line profile variability. We conclude that inhomogeneous distribution of Hg is a common phenomenon for the rapidly rotating HgMn stars in the 13000--13800 K effective temperature range independently of the stellar evolutionary stage. These results establish existence of a new class of spectrum variable spotted B-type stars. It is suggested that the observed Hg inhomogeneities arise from dynamical instabilities in the chemical diffusion processes and are unrelated to magnetic phenomena.

O. Kochukhov; N. Piskunov; M. Sachkov; D. Kudryavtsev

2005-05-06T23:59:59.000Z

393

Thin-film Li-LiMn{sub 2}O{sub 4} batteries  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Thin-film rechargeable Li-LiMn{sub 2}O{sub 4} batteries have been fabricated and characterized. Following deposition by electron beam evaporation of LiMn{sub 2}O{sub 4}, the amorphous as-deposited cathode films 1 cm{sup 2} in area by 0.3 to 4 {mu}m thick were annealed at 700{degree}C to 800{degree}C in oxygen in order to form the crystalline spinel phase. The capacity of the cells between 4.5 V to 3.8 V depended on the annealing conditions and ranged from 50 {mu}Ah/mg to 120 {mu}Ah/mg. When cycled over this range, the batteries exhibited excellent secondary performance with capacity losses as low as 0.001% per cycle. On charging to 5.3 V, a plateau with a median voltage of 5.1 V was observed. The total charge extracted between 3.8 V to 5.3 V corresponded to about 1Li/Mn{sub 2}O{sub 4}.

Bates, J.B.; Lubben, D.; Dudney, N.J.

1994-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

394

Redox Active Layer-by-Layer Structures containing MnO2 Nanoparticles  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Nanoscale materials provide unique properties that will enable new technologies and enhance older ones. One area of intense activity in which nanoscale materials are being used is in the development of new functional materials for battery applications. This effort promises superior materials with properties that circumvent many of the problems associated with traditional battery materials. Previously we have worked on several approaches for using nanoscale materials for application as cathode materials in rechargeable Li batteries. Our recent work has focused on synthesizing MnO2 nanoparticles and using these in layer-by-layer (LbL) structures to probe the redox properties of the nanoparticles. We show that the aqueous colloidal nanoparticles produced by butanol reduction of tetramethylammonium permanganate can be trapped in thin films using a layer-by-layer deposition approach, and that these films are both redox active and exhibit kinetically facile electrochemical responses. We show cyclic voltammetry of MnO2 colloidal nanoparticles entrapped in a LbL thin film at an ITO electrode surface using poly(diallyldimethylammonium chloride) (PDDA). CV experiments demonstrate that Li+ insertion accompanies Mn(IV) reduction in LiClO4 supporting electrolytes, and that reduction is hindered in supporting electrolytes containing only tetrabutylammonium cations. We also show that electron propagation through multilayer films is facile, suggesting that electrons percolate through the films via electron exchange between nanoparticles.

Bazito, Fernanda; O'Brien, Robert; Buttry, Daniel A.

2005-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

395

Development of (Mn,Co)3O4 Protection Layers for Ferritic Stainless Steel Interconnects  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

A spinel-based surface protection layer has been developed for alloy SOFC current collectors and bi-polar gas separators. The (Mn,Co)3O4 spinel with a nominal composition of Mn1.5Co1.5O4 demonstrates an excellent electrical conductivity and thermal expansion match to ferritic stainless steel interconnects. A slurry-coating technique provides a viable approach for fabricating protective layers of the spinel onto the steel interconnects. Thermally grown protection layers of Mn1.5Co1.5O4 have been found not only to significantly decrease the contact resistance between a LSF cathode and stainless steel interconnect, but also inhibits the sub-scale growth on the stainless steel. The combination of the inhibited sub-scale growth, good thermal expansion matching between the spinel and the stainless steel, and the closed-pore structure contribute to the excellent structural and thermomechanical stability of these spinel protection layers, which was verified by a long-term thermal-cycling test. The spinel protection layers can also act effectively to prevent outward diffusion of chromium from the interconnect alloy, preventing subsequent chromium migration into the cathode and contact materials. PNNL is currently engaged in studies intended to optimize the composition, microstructure, and fabrication procedure for the spinel protection layers.

Yang, Zhenguo; Simner, Steven P.; Singh, Prabhakar; Xia, Guanguang; Stevenson, Jeffry W.

2005-07-05T23:59:59.000Z

396

Investigation of the Charge Collection Efficiency of CdMnTe Radiation Detectors  

SciTech Connect

This paper presents the growth, fabrication and characterization of indium-doped cadmium manganese telluride (CdMnTe) crystals grown by the vertical Bridgman technique. The 10 x 10 x 1.9 mm{sup 3} samples have been fabricated, and the charge collection properties of the CdMnTe detectors have been measured. Alpha-particle spectroscopy measurements have yielded an average charge collection efficiency approaching 100%. Ion beam induced charge (IBIC) measurements have been performed by raster scanning focused 5.5 MeV {sup 4}He beams onto the detectors. Spatially resolved charge collection efficiency maps have been produced for a range of detector bias voltages. Inhomogeneities in the charge transport of the CdMnTe crystals have been associated with chains of Te inclusions within the detector bulk, and the reduction in charge collection efficiency in their locality has been quantified. It has been shown that the role of Te inclusions in degrading charge collection is reduced with increasing values of bias voltage. IBIC measurements for a range of low biases have highlighted the evolution of the charge collection uniformity across the detectors.

Bolotnikov A.; Rafiei, R.; Boardman, D.; Sarbutt, A.; Prokopovich, A.; Kim, K.; Reinhard, M.I.; James, R.B.

2012-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

397

Carriers-mediated ferromagnetic enhancement in Al-doped ZnMnO dilute magnetic semiconductors  

SciTech Connect

Nano-crystalline Zn{sub 0.95-x}Mn{sub 0.05}Al{sub x}O (x = 0, 0.05, 0.10) dilute magnetic semiconductors (DMS) were synthesized by sol-gel derived auto-combustion. X-ray diffraction (XRD) analysis shows that the samples have pure wurtzite structure typical of ZnO without the formation of secondary phases or impurity. Crystallite sizes were approximated by Scherrer formula while surface morphology and grain sizes were measured by field emission scanning electron microscopy. Incorporation of Mn and Al into the ZnO structure was confirmed by energy-dispersive X-ray analysis. Temperature dependent electrical resistivity measurements showed a decreasing trend with the doping of Al in ZnMnO, which is attributable to the enhancement of free carriers. Vibrating sample magnetometer studies confirmed the presence of ferromagnetic behavior at room temperature. The results indicate that Al doping results in significant variation in the concentration of free carriers and correspondingly the carrier-mediated magnetization and room temperature ferromagnetic behavior, showing promise for practical applications. We attribute the enhanced saturation magnetization and electrical conductivity to the exchange interaction mediated by free electrons.

Saleem, Murtaza [Centre of Excellence in Solid State Physics, University of the Punjab, Lahore-54590 (Pakistan); Siddiqi, Saadat A. [Centre of Excellence in Solid State Physics, University of the Punjab, Lahore-54590 (Pakistan); Interdisciplinary Research Centre in Biomedical Materials (IRCBM), COMSATS Institute of Information Technology, Defence Road, Off Raiwind Road, Lahore (Pakistan); Atiq, Shahid, E-mail: shahidatiqpasrur@yahoo.com [Centre of Excellence in Solid State Physics, University of the Punjab, Lahore-54590 (Pakistan); Anwar, M. Sabieh; Hussain, Irshad [School of Science and Engineering (SSE), Lahore University of Management Sciences (LUMS), Opposite Sector U, D.H.A. Lahore Cantt-54792 (Pakistan); Alam, Shahzad [Pakistan Council for Scientific and Industrial Research (PCSIR) Laboratories Complex, Lahore (Pakistan)

2011-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

398

Mn-doped Ga(As,P) and (Al,Ga)As ferromagnetic semiconductors: Electronic structure calculations  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A remarkable progress towards functional ferromagnetic semiconductor materials for spintronics has been achieved in p-type (Ga,Mn)As. Robust hole-mediated ferromagnetism has, however, been observed also in other III-V hosts such as antimonides, GaP, or (Al,Ga)As, which opens a wide area of possibilities for optimizing the host composition towards higher ferromagnetic Curie temperatures. Here we explore theoretically hole-mediated ferromagnetism and Mn incorporation in Ga(As,P) and (Al,Ga)As ternary hosts. While alloying (Ga,Mn)As with Al has only a small effect on the Curie temperature we predict a sizable enhancement of Curie temperatures in the smaller lattice constant Ga(As,P) hosts. Mn-doped Ga(As,P) is also favorable, as compared to (Al,Ga)As, with respect to the formation of carrier and moment compensating interstitial Mn impurities. In (Ga,Mn) (As,P) we find a marked decrease of the partial concentration of these detrimental impurities with increasing P content.

Masek, J.; Kudrnovsky, J.; Maca, F.; Sinova, Jairo; MacDonald, A. H.; Campion, R. P.; Gallagher, B. L.; Jungwirth, T.

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

399

Fischer Tropsch synthesis : influence of Mn on the carburization rates and activities of Fe-based catalysts by TPR-EXAFS/XANES and catalyst testing.  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Fe-based catalysts containing different amounts of Mn were tested for Fischer-Tropsch synthesis using a stirred tank reactor at 270 C, 1.21 MPa, and H{sub 2}:CO = 0.7. Catalyst activation by carburization with 10% CO/He was followed by Temperature Programmed Reduction/X-ray Absorption Spectroscopy (TPR-EXAFS/XANES) from room temperature to 300 C. {gamma}-Fe{sub 2}O{sub 3} was converted into iron carbides, whereas MnO{sub x} was reduced to oxygen deficient MnO. Mn hindered Fe carburization, such that the carburized catalyst displayed higher Fe{sub 3}O{sub 4} content than the catalyst without Mn. EXAFS fitting indicates that the carburized catalyst contained a mixture of Hgg carbide, Fe{sub 3}O{sub 4}, and Mn oxides. Increasing Mn content led to higher CH{sub 4} and light product selectivities, and lower light olefin selectivities. Higher and stable conversions were obtained with a catalyst containing an almost equimolar Fe/Mn ratio relative to the catalyst without Mn. Selectivity trends are attributed to the higher WGS rates observed on the FeMn catalysts, consistent with the structural differences observed.

Ribeiro, M. C.; Jacobs, G.; Pendyala, R.; Davis, B. H.; Cronauer, D. C.; Kropf, A. J.; Marshall, C. L. (Chemical Sciences and Engineering Division); (Univ. of Kentucky)

2011-03-24T23:59:59.000Z

400

Ab initio calculations and synthesis of the off-stoichiometric half-Heusler phase Ni{sub 1-x}Mn{sub 1+x}Sb  

SciTech Connect

We perform a combined theoretical and experimental study of the phase stability and magnetism of the off-stoichiometric Ni{sub 1-x}Mn{sub 1+x}Sb in the half-Heusler crystal phase. Our work is motivated by the need for strategies to engineer the magnetism of potentially half-metallic materials, such as NiMnSb, for improved performance at elevated temperatures. By means of ab initio calculations we investigate Ni{sub 1-x}Mn{sub 1+x}Sb over the whole composition range 0{<=}x{<=}1 of Ni replacing Mn and show that at relevant temperatures, the half-Heusler phase should be thermodynamically stable up to at least x=0.20 with respect to the competing C38 structure of Mn{sub 2}Sb. Furthermore we find that half-Heusler Ni{sub 1-x}Mn{sub 1+x}Sb retains half-metallic band structure over the whole concentration range and that the magnetic moments of substitutional Mn{sub Ni} atoms display magnetic exchange interactions an order of magnitude larger than the Ni-Mn interaction in NiMnSb. We also demonstrate experimentally that the alloys indeed can be created by synthesizing off-stoichiometric Ni{sub 1-x}Mn{sub 1+x}Sb films on MgO substrates by means of magnetron sputtering.

Ekholm, M.; Larsson, P.; Alling, B.; Helmersson, U.; Abrikosov, I. A. [Department of Physics, Chemistry and Biology (IFM), Linkoeping University, SE-58183 Linkoeping (Sweden)

2010-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "detroit mn twin" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


401

Why MnIn{sub 2}O{sub 4} spinel is not a transparent conducting oxide?  

SciTech Connect

The title compound has been synthesized by a citrate technique. The crystal structure has been investigated at room temperature from high-resolution neutron powder diffraction (NPD) data. It crystallizes in a cubic spinel structure, space group Fd3-bar m, Z=8, with a=9.0008(1) A at 295 K. It exhibits a crystallographic formula (Mn{sub 0.924(2)}In{sub 0.076(2)}){sub 8a}(In{sub 1.804(2)}Mn{sub 0.196(2)}){sub 16d}O{sub 4}, where 8a and 16d stand for the tetrahedral and octahedral sites of the spinel structure, respectively, with a slight degree of inversion, {lambda}=0.08. MnIn{sub 2}O{sub 4} shows antiferromagnetic interactions below T{sub N} Almost-Equal-To 40 K, due to the statistical distribution of Mn ions over the two available sites. Unlike the related MgIn{sub 2}O{sub 4} and CdIn{sub 2}O{sub 4} spinels, well known as transparent conducting oxides, MnIn{sub 2}O{sub 4} is not transparent and shows a poor conductivity ({sigma}=0.38 S cm{sup -1} at 1123 K): the presence of Mn ions, able to adopt mixed valence states, localizes the charges that, otherwise, would be delocalized in the spinel conduction band. - Graphical Abstract: From NPD data the crystallographic formula (Mn{sub 0.924(2)}In{sub 0.076(2)}){sub 8a}(In{sub 1.804(2)}Mn{sub 0.196(2)}){sub 16d}O{sub 4}, shows a slight degree of inversion, {lambda}=0.08 and a certain In deficiency. The presence of Mn ions, able to adopt mixed oxidation states, localize the charges that, otherwise, would be delocalized in the spinel conduction band; the presence of localized Mn{sup 2+} and Mn{sup 3+} ions provides the characteristic brown color. Highlights: Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Accurate structural determination from NPD data: inversion degree (8%), and In deficiency. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Bond-valence indicates Mn{sup 2+}-Mn{sup 3+} ions; edge-sharing octahedra contain 90% In{sup 3+}+10% Mn{sup 3+} cations. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Conductivity several orders of magnitude lower than those of MgIn{sub 2}O{sub 4} or CdIn{sub 2}O{sub 4}. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Variability of Mn oxidation states cancels any electron-doping effect, emptying conduction band of mobile charge carriers. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Curie-Weiss behavior confirming the determined charge distribution.

Martinez-Lope, M.J. [Instituto de Ciencia de Materiales de Madrid, C.S.I.C., Cantoblanco E-28049 Madrid (Spain); Retuerto, M. [Instituto de Ciencia de Materiales de Madrid, C.S.I.C., Cantoblanco E-28049 Madrid (Spain); Department of Chemistry, Rutgers State University of New Jersey, Piscataway, NJ 08854-8087 (United States); Calle, C. de la [Instituto de Ciencia de Materiales de Madrid, C.S.I.C., Cantoblanco E-28049 Madrid (Spain); Porcher, Florence [Laboratoire Leon Brillouin, CEA/Saclay, 91191 Gif Sur Ivette Cedex, France. (France); Alonso, J.A., E-mail: ja.alonso@icmm.csic.es [Instituto de Ciencia de Materiales de Madrid, C.S.I.C., Cantoblanco E-28049 Madrid (Spain)

2012-03-15T23:59:59.000Z

402

Detroit Beach, Michigan: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

311563°, -83.3268753° 311563°, -83.3268753° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":41.9311563,"lon":-83.3268753,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

403

REQUEST BY DETROIT DIESEL CORPORATION FOR AN ADVANCE WAIVER OF...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

to diverse markets. In these products they incorporate advanced materials such as ceramic piston rings, valves and valve guides, piston crowns, rocker arm bushings, clevis...

404

STATEMENT OF CONSIDERATIONS PETITION BY DETROIT DIESEL CORPORATION...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

fabrication, and demonstration of five stationary and moving structural monolithic ceramic components in an extremely hostile Low Heat Rejection (LHR) environment. DDC was...

405

Modeling Ambient Air Quality In The Detroit-Windsor Airshed.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??The spatial variability of airborne contaminants in an international airshed was investigated using geostatistics and air dispersion modeling. Analyses were conducted on contaminant species measured… (more)

Molaroni, Shannon Marie

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

406

The Detroit East RiverWalk: extend-connect-provide.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Our water bodies have functioned as a critical transportation network, moving people, raw materials, products and goods across countries and continents. Starting as hubs of… (more)

Ward, Kyle

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

407

Riot or rebellion: media framing and the 1967 Detroit uprising.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Frames make sense of complex issues and events, including identifying who is to blame and who or what is responsible for overcoming the problem. This… (more)

Ulbrich, Casandra E.

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

408

(248) 722?6978Transit in Metro Detroit 2 Acknowledgements  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

University. Many thanks for helping to refine my topic, for mentoring me during the writing process and throughout my time at Wayne State, and for your commitment to the development of livable cities.

unknown authors

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

409

The Import Threat : Detroit's Boundary Objects During the 1980s  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

ler who sold the car to the consumer, the bank that provided financing to the consumer, the marketing agency that created the advertisements that enticed the consumer to buy the car, the group of individuals who assembled the car, the corporation that hired and trained those individuals, the corporation that provided the tyres, the corporation that provided the rubber for the tyres,... and finally, the government that established the trade policies that made the creation of that car possible and profitable. Coordinating activity and information amongst these various actors is not an easy task. They each have different motivations and goal and lack a common perspective or language. Inter-organizational communication requires a special animal: the Boundary Object. Boundary Objects Star and Griesemer (1989) introduced the Boundary Object to the field of Science Studies. Although they were studying how scientists collected samples for a museum nearly a century ago, Boundary Objects have b

George Goodall

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

410

Detroit, MI Natural Gas Pipeline Imports From Canada (Dollars...  

Annual Energy Outlook 2012 (EIA)

Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec 2011 4.95 5.33 2013 3.80 4.50 - No Data Reported; -- Not Applicable; NA Not Available; W Withheld to avoid disclosure...

411

Detroit, MI Natural Gas Pipeline Exports to Canada (Dollars per...  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8 Year-9 1990's 2.36 2.55 2.26 2.30 2000's 3.74 4.57 3.03 5.47 6.47 8.12 7.61 6.88 8.37 4.01 2010's 4.69 4.26...

412

Detroit, MI Natural Gas Pipeline Exports to Canada (Million Cubic...  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec 2011 3,465 2,693 3,676 3,988 3,357 3,437 765 3,916 4,318 4,473 4,851 4,752 2012 5,562 5,372 5,253 3,745 3,354 2,811 2,935 3,822...

413

Detroit, MI Natural Gas Pipeline Imports From Canada (Million...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8 Year-9 1990's 14,901 11,501 10,925 7,671 2000's 6,171 405 1,948 2,514 1,117 0 0 81 753 21 2010's 79 19 - No...

414

Detroit, MI Natural Gas Pipeline Imports From Canada (Dollars...  

Annual Energy Outlook 2012 (EIA)

Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8 Year-9 1990's 2.75 2.51 2.43 2.51 2000's 3.82 9.34 3.56 5.96 6.27 -- -- 8.28 6.58 4.53 2010's 8.37 5.17 - No...

415

Detroit, MI Natural Gas Pipeline Exports to Canada (Dollars per...  

Annual Energy Outlook 2012 (EIA)

Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec 2011 4.72 4.58 4.22 4.51 4.66 4.73 4.55 4.45 4.19 3.92 3.79 3.60 2012 3.14 2.95 2.61 2.33 2.50 2.62 3.08 3.12 2.99 3.41 4.13...

416

Detroit, MI Natural Gas Pipeline Exports to Canada (Million Cubic...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8 Year-9 1990's 30,410 31,080 24,908 25,049 2000's 36,007 35,644 7,431 19,737 40,030 40,255 22,156 22,904 27,220...

417

Detroit, MI Natural Gas Pipeline Imports From Canada (Million...  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec 2011 8 11 2013 16 140 - No Data Reported; -- Not Applicable; NA Not Available; W Withheld to avoid disclosure of...

418

In situ XRD Studies of Li-ion Cells with Mixed LiMn2O4 and LiCo1/3Ni1/3Mn1/3O2 Composite Cathode  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The structural changes of the composite cathode made by mixing spinel LiMn2O4 and layered LiNi1/3Co1/3Mn1/3O2 in 1:1 wt% in both Li-half and Li-ion cells during charge/discharge are studied by in situ XRD. During the first charge up to {approx}5.2 V vs. Li/Li+, the in situ XRD spectra for the composite cathode in the Li-half cell track the structural changes of each component. At the early stage of charge, the lithium extraction takes place in the LiNi1/3Co1/3Mn1/3O2 component only. When the cell voltage reaches at {approx}4.0 V vs. Li/Li+, lithium extraction from the spinel LiMn2O4 component starts and becomes the major contributor for the cell capacity due to the higher rate capability of LiMn2O4. When the voltage passed 4.3 V, the major structural changes are from the LiNi1/3Co1/3Mn1/3O2 component, while the LiMn2O4 component is almost unchanged. In the Li-ion cell using a MCMB anode and a composite cathode cycled between 2.5 V and 4.2 V, the structural changes are dominated by the spinel LiMn2O4 component, with much less changes in the layered LiNi1/3Co1/3Mn1/3O2 component, comparing with the Li-half cell results. These results give us valuable information about the structural changes relating to the contributions of each individual component to the cell capacity at certain charge/discharge state, which are helpful in designing and optimizing the composite cathode using spinel- and layered-type materials for Li-ion battery research.

Nam, K.; Yoon, W; Shin, H; Chung, K; Choi, S; Yang, X

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

419

Growth kinetics and micromorphology of NH{sub 4}Cl:Mn{sup 2+} crystals formed in the NH{sub 4}Cl-MnCl{sub 2}-H{sub 2}O-CONH{sub 3} system  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The growth kinetics and elementary growth processes on the surface of NH{sub 4}Cl:Mn{sup 2+} heterogeneous crystals formed in the NH{sub 4}Cl-MnCl{sub 2}-H{sub 2}O-CONH{sub 3} system are experimentally studied. It is found that a change in the composition of complexes in an NH{sub 4}Cl crystal from Mn(NH{sub 4}){sub 2}Cl{sub 4} {center_dot} 2H{sub 2}O to MnCl{sub 2} {center_dot} 2CONH{sub 3} leads to the occurrence of a local maximum in the kinetic curve and a change in the shape of dislocation growth centers from flat to conical. The growth kinetics of {l_brace}100{r_brace} faces of heterogeneous NH{sub 4}Cl:Mn{sup 2+} crystals is described within the Bliznakov model using the Fowler-Guggenheim adsorption isotherm, which takes into account the lateral interaction of adsorbed particles.

Pyankova, L. A., E-mail: lyuba_pyan@mail.ru; Punin, Yu. O.; Bocharov, S. N.; Shtukenberg, A. G. [Petersburg State University (Russian Federation)

2012-03-15T23:59:59.000Z

420

Probing The Electrode/Electrolyte Interface in The Lithium Excess Layered Oxide Li1.2Ni0.2Mn0.6O2  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A detailed surface investigation of the lithium-excess nickel manganese layered oxide Li1.2Ni0.2Mn0.6O2 structure was carried out using x-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS), total electron yield and transmission x-ray absorption spectroscopy (XAS), and electron energy loss spectroscopy (EELS) during the first two electrochemical cycles. All spectroscopy techniques consistently showed the presence of Mn4+ in the pristine material and a surprising reduction of Mn at the voltage plateau during the first charge. The Mn reduction is accompanied by the oxygen loss revealed by EELS. Upon the first discharge, the Mn at the surface never fully returns back to Mn4+. The electrode/electrolyte interface of this compound consists of the reduced Mn at the crystalline defect-spinel inner layer and an oxidized Mn species simultaneously with the presence of a superoxide species in amorphous outer layer. This proposed model signifies that oxygen vacancy formation and lithium removal result in electrolyte decomposition and superoxide formation, leading to Mn activation/dissolution and surface layer-spinel phase transformation. The results also indicate that the role of oxygen is complex and significant in contributing to the extra capacity of this class of high energy density cathode materials.

Carroll, Kyler J [University of California, San Diego; Qian, Danna [University of California, San Diego; Fell, Chris [University of Florida, Gainesville; Calvin, Scott [Sarah Lawrence College; Veith, Gabriel M [ORNL; Chi, Miaofang [ORNL; Dudney, Nancy J [ORNL; Meng, Ying Shirley [University of California, San Diego

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "detroit mn twin" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


421

Novel synthesis process and structure refinements of Li{sub 4}Mn{sub 5}O{sub 12} for rechargeable lithium batteries  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Well crystallized Li4Mn5O12 was prepared from LiOAc-Mn(NO3)2 under flowing oxygen. Rietveld refinement with XRD and neutron powder diffraction indicated that Li4Mn5O12 has cubic spinel structure in which the Li ions occupy both the tetrahedral sites 8a and part of the octahedral sites 16d but not the 16c sites, while all the Mn ions occupy the 16d sites of the space group Fd{bar 3}m. The lattice parameter was found to be sensitive to synthesis temperature owing to variation in Mn valence. Sample prepared at 500 C showed better electrode performance: a rechargeable capacity of 135 mAh/g for the cell Li/Li4Mn5O12 at cell voltages 2.5-3.6 V. It is found that Mn oxidation state in Li4Mn5O12 has a strong effect on electrode performance of Li/Li4Mn5O12 cell.

Takada, Toshimi; Hayakawa, Hiroshi; Akiba, Etsuo [National Inst. of Materials and Chemical Research, Tsukuba, Ibaraki (Japan); Izumi, Fujio [National Inst. for Research in Inorganic Materials, Tsukuba (Japan); Chakoumakos, B.C. [Oak Ridge National Lab., TN (United States)

1996-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

422

In situ and ex situ spectroelectrochemical and X-ray absorption studies on rechargeable, chemically-modified and other MnO{sub 2} materials  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

A combined series of in situ and ex situ UV spectroelectrochemical and X-ray absorption studies have been made on MnO{sub 2}, chemically-modified by small amounts of Bi(III), and comparatively on other MnO{sub 2} materials such as a blank (Bi-free) and {gamma}-MnO{sub 2}. These procedures are applied in order to follow the oxidation-states of Bi and of Mn during the course of discharge and recharge of MnO{sub 2} as a battery cathode material, and the extents of rechargeability that can be achieved with such materials. Presence of Bi appears to provide a preferred ``heterogeneous`` discharge/recharge pathway involving a soluble Mn(III) intermediate, over the alternative ``electron-proton`` hopping, solid-state mechanism. From XAS results, it is concluded that presence of Bi, although not affecting the O-coordination, does influence the Mn-Mn coordination, determining the way the MnO{sub 2} coordination octahedra are connected.

Conway, B.E.; Qu, D.; McBreen, J. [Ottawa Univ., ON (Canada). Dept. of Chemistry]|[Brookhaven National Lab., Upton, NY (United States)

1992-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

423

Effect of Mn Substitution for Multiferroic BiFeO3 Probed by High-Resolution Soft-X-Ray Spectroscopy  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

sensor devices. low electrical resistivity, which affectstemperature. The low electrical resistivity of BF thin filmsFurthermore, the electrical resistivity also increases by Mn

Hattori, T.

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

424

Magnetic and electrical properties of layered magnets Tl(Cr,Mn,Co)Se{sub 2}  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Tl(Cr,Mn,Co)Se{sub 2} crystals were synthesized at T {approx} 1050 K. X-ray diffraction analysis showed that TlCrSe{sub 2}, TlMnSe{sub 2}, and TlCoSe{sub 2} compounds crystallize in the hexagonal crystal system with the lattice parameters: a = 3.6999 A, c = 22.6901 A, c/a {approx} 6.133, z = 3, {rho}{sub x} = 6.209 g/cm{sup 3}; a = 6.53 A, c = 23.96 A, c/a {approx} 3.669, z = 8, {rho}{sub x} = 6.71 g/cm{sup 3}; and a = 3.747 A, c = 22.772 A, c/a {approx} 6.077, z = 3, {rho}{sub x} = 7.577 g/cm{sup 3}, respectively. Magnetic and electrical studies in the temperature range from 80-400 K showed that TlCrSe{sub 2} is a semiconductor ferromagnet, TlMnSe{sub 2} is a semiconductor antiferromagnet, and TlCoSe{sub 2} is a ferrimagnet with a conductivity characteristic of metals. A rather large deviation in the experimental effective magnetic moment for TlCrSe{sub 2} (3.05 {mu}B) from the theoretical value (3.85 {mu}B) is attributed to two-dimensional magnetic ordering in the paramagnetic region of the noticeably layered ferromagnet TlCrSe{sub 2}. In TlCrSe{sub 2}, a correlation between magnetic and electrical properties was detected.

Veliyev, R. G.; Sadikhov, R. Z.; Kerimova, E. M., E-mail: ekerimova@physics.ab.az; Asadov, Yu. G.; Jabbarov, A. I. [National Academy of Sciences of Azerbaijan, Institute of Physics (Azerbaijan)

2009-02-15T23:59:59.000Z

425

Pressure and field tuning the magnetostructural phases of Mn3O4: Raman scattering and x-ray diffraction studies  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We present temperature-, magnetic-field-, and pressure-dependent Raman scattering studies of single crystal Mn{sub 3}O{sub 4}, combined with temperature- and field-dependent x-ray diffraction studies, revealing the novel magnetostructural phases in Mn{sub 3}O{sub 4}. Our temperature-dependent studies showed that the commensurate magnetic transition at T{sub 2} = 33K in the binary spinel Mn{sub 3}O{sub 4} is associated with a structural transition from tetragonal to orthorhombic structures. Field-dependent studies showed that the onset and nature of this structural transition can be controlled with an applied magnetic field, and revealed evidence for a field-tuned quantum phase transition to a tetragonal spin-disordered phase for H {parallel} [1{bar 1}0]. Pressure-dependent Raman measurements showed that the magnetic easy axis direction in Mn{sub 3}O{sub 4} can be controlled - and the ferrimagnetic transition temperature increased - with applied pressure. Finally, combined pressure- and magnetic-field-tuned Raman measurements revealed a rich magnetostructural phase diagram - including a pressure- and field-induced magnetically frustrated tetragonal phase in the PH phase diagram - that can be generated in Mn{sub 3}O{sub 4} with applied pressure and magnetic field.

Kim, M.; Nelson, C.; Chen, X.M.; Wang, X.; Budakian, R.; Abbamonte, P. & Cooper, S.L.

2011-11-18T23:59:59.000Z

426

Spinel LiMn(2)O(4)/Reduced Graphene Oxide Hybrid for High Rate Lithium Ion Batteries  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

A well-crystallized and nano-sized spinel LiMn{sub 2}O{sub 4}/reduced graphene oxide hybrid cathode material for high rate lithium-ion batteries has been successfully synthesized via a microwave-assisted hydrothermal method at 200 C for 30 min without any post heat-treatment. The nano-sized LiMn{sub 2}O{sub 4} particles were evenly dispersed on the reduced graphene oxide template without agglomeration, which allows the inherent high active surface area of individual LiMn{sub 2}O{sub 4} nanoparticles in the hybrid. These unique structural and morphological properties of LiMn{sub 2}O{sub 4} on the highly conductive reduced graphene oxide sheets in the hybrid enable achieving the high specific capacity, an excellent high rate capability and stable cycling performance. An analysis of the cyclic voltammogram data revealed that a large surface charge storage contribution of the LiMn{sub 2}O{sub 4}/reduced graphene oxide hybrid plays an important role in achieving faster charge/discharge.

Bak, S.M.; Nam, K.; Lee, C.-W.; Kim, K.-H.; Jung, H.-C.; Yang, X-Q.; Kim, K.-B.

2011-10-04T23:59:59.000Z

427

Investigation of thermal, mechanical and magnetic behaviors of the Cu-11%Al alloy with Ag and Mn additions  

SciTech Connect

The investigation of thermal, mechanical and magnetic behaviors of the Cu-11%Al, Cu-11%Al-3%Ag, Cu-11%Al-10%Mn and Cu-11%Al-10%Mn-3%Ag alloys was made using microhardness measurements, differential scanning calorimetry, X-ray diffractometry, scanning electron microscopy, energy dispersion X-ray spectroscopy and magnetic moment change with applied field measurement. The results indicated that the Mn addition changes the phase stability range, the microhardness values and makes undetectable the eutectoid reaction in annealed Cu-11%Al and Cu-11%Al-3%Ag alloys while the presence of Ag does not modify the phase transformation sequence neither microhardness values of the annealed Cu-11%Al and Cu-11%Al-10%Mn alloys, but it increases the magnetic moment of this latter at about 2.7 times and decreases the rates of eutectoid and peritectoid reactions of the former. - Highlights: Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer The microstructure of Cu-Al alloy is modified in the Ag presence. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer ({alpha} + {gamma}) phase is stabilized down to room temperature when Ag is added to Cu-Al alloy. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Ag-rich phase modifies the magnetic characteristics of Cu-Al-Mn alloy.

Silva, R.A.G., E-mail: galdino.ricardo@gmail.com [Departamento de Ciencias Exatas e da Terra-UNIFESP, Diadema-SP (Brazil)] [Departamento de Ciencias Exatas e da Terra-UNIFESP, Diadema-SP (Brazil); Paganotti, A.; Gama, S. [Departamento de Ciencias Exatas e da Terra-UNIFESP, Diadema-SP (Brazil)] [Departamento de Ciencias Exatas e da Terra-UNIFESP, Diadema-SP (Brazil); Adorno, A.T.; Carvalho, T.M.; Santos, C.M.A. [Instituto de Quimica - UNESP, Araraquara-SP (Brazil)] [Instituto de Quimica - UNESP, Araraquara-SP (Brazil)

2013-01-15T23:59:59.000Z

428

Synthesis and Electrochemical Characterization of M2Mn3O8 (M=Ca,Cu) Compounds and Derivatives  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

M{sub 2}Mn{sub 3}O{sub 8} (M=Ca{sup 2+}, Cu{sup 2+}) compounds were synthesized and characterized in lithium cells. The M{sup 2+} cations, which reside in the van der Waal's gaps between adjacent sheets of Mn{sub 3}O{sub 8}{sup 4-}, may be replaced chemically (by ion-exchange) or electrochemically with Li. More than 7 Li{sup +}/Cu{sub 2}Mn{sub 3}O{sub 8} may be inserted electrochemically, with concomitant reduction of Cu{sup 2+} to Cu metal, but less Li can be inserted into Ca{sub 2}Mn{sub 3}O{sub 8}. In the case of Cu{sup 2+}, this process is partially reversible when the cell is charged above 3.5 V vs. Li, but intercalation of Cu{sup +} rather than Cu{sup 2+} and Li{sup +}/Cu{sup +} exchange occurs during the subsequent discharge. If the cell potential is kept below 3.4 V, the Li in excess of 4Li{sup +}/Cu{sub 2}Mn{sub 3}O{sub 8} can be cycled reversibly. The unusual mobility of +2 cations in a layered structure has important implications both for the design of cathodes for Li batteries and for new systems that could be based on M{sup 2+} intercalation compounds.

Park, Yong Joon; Doeff, Marca M.

2005-08-25T23:59:59.000Z

429

Neutron scattering study of MnSi proving no exchange hole  

SciTech Connect

Neutron scattering experiments have been performed in MnSi below T/sub c/ with the double-axis powder scattering technique using unpolarized neutrons, and also with the polarization analysis technique. The magnetic scattering intensity has not shown any anomaly around q = 0.5 A/sup -1/, in contrast to the previous results of Ziebeck et al. who found a large intensity peak at this momentum transfer. Thus the hypothesis of Ziebeck et al. of observing an Exchange Hole is excluded.

Uemura, Y.J.; Majkrzak, C.F.; Shirane, G.; Ishikawa, Y.

1983-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

430

Tiling theory applied to the surface structure of icosahedral AlPdMn quasicrystals  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Surfaces in i-Al68Pd23Mn9 as observed with STM and LEED experiments show atomic terraces in a Fibonacci spacing. We analyze them in a bulk tiling model due to Elser which incorporates many experimental data. The model has dodecahedral Bergman clusters within an icosahedral tiling T^*(2F) and is projected from the 6D face-centered hypercubic lattice. We derive the occurrence and Fibonacci spacing of atomic planes perpendicular to any 5fold axis, compute the variation of planar atomic densities, and determine the (auto-) correlation functions. Upon interpreting the planes as terraces at the surface we find quantitative agreement with the STM experiments.

Peter Kramer; Zorka Papadopolos; Harald Teuscher

1999-03-04T23:59:59.000Z

431

Enhancement of spin-asymmetry by L2{sub 1}-ordering in Co{sub 2}MnSi/Cr/Co{sub 2}MnSi current-perpendicular-to-plane magnetoresistance devices  

SciTech Connect

Co{sub 2}MnSi/Cr/Co{sub 2}MnSi (001)-fully epitaxial current-perpendicular-to-plane giant magnetoresistance (CPP-GMR) devices were fabricated via an UHV magnetron sputtering system. The relationship between the degree of chemical ordering in Co{sub 2}MnSi (CMS) and the CPP-GMR characteristics was investigated systematically against the annealing temperature of the devices. X-ray diffraction profiles and reflection high-energy electron diffraction images indicated that annealing improved L2{sub 1}-ordering. The MR ratio also increased upon annealing and the maximum MR ratio of 5.2% and {delta}RA of 6.5 m{omega} {mu}m{sup 2} were achieved by annealing at 400 deg. C. These results indicate that promoting the degree of L2{sub 1}-ordering in CMS enhances the bulk and/or interface spin-asymmetry coefficients.

Sakuraba, Y.; Iwase, T.; Saito, K.; Mitani, S.; Takanashi, K. [Institute for Materials Research, Tohoku University, Katahira 2-1-1, Aoba-ku, Sendai 980-8577 (Japan)

2009-01-05T23:59:59.000Z

432

MN Workshop  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Page 1. NIST Special Publication 1093 Mass Notification Messages: Workshop Proceedings Erica D. Kuligowski Richard ...

2009-03-24T23:59:59.000Z

433

Low Dose Radiation Research Program: Regulation of NF-kB and MnSOD in Low  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

NF-kB and MnSOD in Low Dose Radiation-Induced Adaptive NF-kB and MnSOD in Low Dose Radiation-Induced Adaptive Responses in Mouse and Human Skin Cells Jian Jian Li School of Health Sciences, Purdue University West Lafayette, Indiana Why this Project? To determine if low dose ionizing radiation-induced adaptive responses in skin cells are mediated by activation of signaling networks. Project Goals To evaluate the signaling networks involving transcription factor NF-kB and the mitochondrial antioxidant protein MnSOD. To determine if NF-kB is activated by low dose radiation in vivo. To determine if NF-kB activation is critical in the pathways that produce adaptive responses. Experimental Approach Cells transfected with NF-kB luciferase responder genes will be used to define a dose-response relationship for activation of the NF-kB gene. NF-kB

434

Subsurface characterization of an oxidation-induced phase transformation and twinning in nickel-based superalloy exposed to oxy-combustion environments  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In the integration of oxy-fuel combustion to turbine power generation system, turbine alloys are exposed to high temperature and an atmosphere comprised of steam, CO{sub 2} and O{sub 2}. While surface and internal oxidation of the alloy takes place, the microstructure in the subsurface region also changes due to oxidation. In this study, bare metal coupons of Ni-base superalloys were exposed in oxy-fuel combustion environment for up to 1000 h and the oxidation-related microstructures were examined. Phase transformation occurred in the subsurface region in Ni-based superalloy and led to twinning. The transformation product phases were analyzed through thermodynamic equilibrium calculations and various electron microscopy techniques, including scanning electron microscopy (SEM), orientation imaging microscopy (OIM) and transmission electron microscopy (TEM). The mechanism by which the phase transformation and the formation of the microstructure occurred was also discussed. The possible effects of the product phases on the performance of the alloy in service were discussed.

Zhu, Jingxi; Holcomb, Gordon R.; Jablonski, Paul D.; Wise, Adam; Li, Jia; Laughlin, David E.; Sridhar, Seetharaman

2012-07-30T23:59:59.000Z

435

Microstructure and Magnetic Properties of PrMnO{sub 3} Bulk and Thin Film  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Perovskite PrMnO{sub 3}(PMO) had been prepared in bulk by solid state reaction and thin films on corning glass, fused silica and MgO (100) glass substrate by pulsed laser deposition technique. SEM micrographs show that grains with size 2{approx}3 {mu}m is observed in bulk PMO while thin films PMO show strongly connected grain structure with particle size that not larger than 100 nm. X-ray diffraction analysis shows that all samples are in single phase with orthorhombic crystal structure. Bulk PMO sample had lattice strain of 0.134% which is the lowest value among others. However, larger lattice strain was observed in thin film samples due to lattice mismatch between film-substrate and caused the MnO{sub 6} to deform. All samples shown paramagnetic or antiferromagnetic behavior, enhancement in magnetization value occurred for all PMO grew as film. We believe that larger lattice strain favor the grain growth of PMO towards more order phase. In summary, formation of structure and microstructure of thin film PMO depends on type of substrate used and it affect the magnetic property.

Lim, K. P.; Halim, S. A.; Chen, S. K.; Ng, S. W.; Wong, J. K.; Gan, H. M. Albert [Department of Physics, Faculty of Science, Universiti Putra Malaysia, 43400 UPM Serdang, Selangor (Malaysia); Woon, H. S. [College of Engineering, Universiti Tenaga Nasional, Jalan IKRAM-UNITEN, 43000 Kajang, Selangor (Malaysia)

2011-03-30T23:59:59.000Z

436

Room temperature ferromagnetism in Mn, Ni and Co ions doped Cu{sub 2}O nanorods  

SciTech Connect

Here we report the synthesis and characterization of Cu{sub 2}O nanorods doped with Mn, Ni and Co transition metal ions and the study of their magnetic properties. Synthesis of the nanorods was carried out by the modified polyol method. Powder X-ray diffraction patterns clearly showed them to be polycrystalline single phase material. They exhibited ferromagnetic behavior at room temperature, however no such behavior was observed for the reference undoped sample, which indicated that unintentionally introduced magnetic impurities were not responsible for the observed phenomenon. Ferromagnetic behavior was found to be dependent on the dopant concentration and increased consistently with its increment in the material. The total magnetic moments contribution was calculated for the dopant concentration and was found to be insignificant to account for the observed ferromagnetism, therefore it was suggested that ferromagnetism could have conjured up from the induced magnetic moment in the defects created as cation vacancies in the material. The presence of the defects was supported by the room temperature photoluminescence study which showed that intensity of the peaks was dependent on the dopant concentration and increased consistently with it. There was strong correlation between the magnitude of the photoluminescence peak and the observed ferromagnetic property in the doped samples. -- Graphical Abstract: Room temperature ferromagnetism was observed in the Cu{sub 2}O nanorods doped with Mn, Ni and Co ions. The origin seems to be the defects of cation vacancies created by the dopant ions. Display Omitted

Ahmed, Asar [Department of Chemistry, SL-214, Southern Lab, Indian Institute of Technology Kanpur, Kanpur, Uttar Pradesh (India); Gajbhiye, Namdeo S., E-mail: nsg@iitk.ac.i [Department of Chemistry, SL-214, Southern Lab, Indian Institute of Technology Kanpur, Kanpur, Uttar Pradesh (India)

2010-12-15T23:59:59.000Z

437

Exact Enumeration of the Phase Space of an Ising Model of Ni2MnGa  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Exact evaluations of partition functions are generally prohibitively expensive due to exponential growth of phase space with the number of degrees of freedom. For an Ising model with sites the number of possible states is requiring the use of better scaling methods such as importance sampling Monte-Carlo calculations for all but the smallest systems. Yet the ability to obtain exact solutions for as large as possible systems can provide important benchmark results and opportunities for unobscured insight into the underlying physicsofthesystem.HerewepresentanIsingmodelforthemagneticsublatticesoftheimportantmagneto-caloricmaterialNi MnGa and use an exact enumeration algorithm to calculate the number of states for each energy and sublattice magne- tizations and . This allows the efficient calculation of the partition function and derived thermodynamic quantities such as specific heat and susceptibility. Utilizing the jaguarpf system at Oak Ridge we are able to calculate for systems of up to48sites,whichprovidesimportantinsightintothemechanismforthelargemagnet-caloriceffectinNi MnGaaswellasanimportant benchmark for Monte-Carlo (esp. Wang-Landau method).

Eisenbach, Markus [ORNL; Brown, Greg [ORNL; Rusanu, Aurelian [ORNL; Odbadrakh, Khorgolkhuu [ORNL; Nicholson, Don M [ORNL; McCarthy, Carrie V. [University of Georgia, Athens, GA

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

438

Magnetic phase diagram of disordered Ni-Mn near the multicritical point  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

From detailed magnetization data taken under various field-cooling conditions, the magnetic phase diagram of temperature versus composition is determined for disordered Ni-Mn of Mn concentration (x) near 25 at. %. With increasing x, the ferromagnetic Curie-point (T/sub c/) line descends and meets the ascending line for the spin-glass reentrance temperature (T/sub f//sub g/) at a multicritical point (MCP) located at x = 23.9, T = 102 K, from which the spin-glass freezing-temperature (T/sub g/) line emerges and reaches a maximum at higher x. The reentrant spin-glass (SG) ordering is accompanied by a net ferromagnetic (FM) moment, thus describing a mixed ferro-spin-glass (FSG) state, which is separated from the normal SG state by a boundary line that extends essentially vertically down in temperature from the MCP. Moreover, it is shown that the SG ordering of the FSG state probably persists into the FM regime above T/sub f//sub g/, where T/sub f//sub g/ (like T/sub g/) remains defined operationally by the appearance of irreversible and time-dependent magnetic effects.

Abdul-Razzaq, W.; Kouvel, J.S.

1987-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

439

Defect Levels of Indium-doped CdMnTe Crystals  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Using photoluminescence (PL) and current deep-level transient spectroscopy (I-DLTS), we investigated the electronic defects of indium-doped detector-grade CdMnTe:In (CMT:In) crystals grown by the vertical Bridgman method. We similarly analyzed CdZnTe:In (CZT:In) and undoped CdMnTe (CMT) crystals grown under the amount of same level of excess Te and/or indium doping level to detail the fundamental properties of the electronic defect structure more readily. Extended defects, existing in all the samples, were revealed by synchrotron white beam x-ray diffraction topography and scanning electron microscopy. The electronic structure of CMT is very similar to that of CZT, with shallow traps, A-centers, Cd vacancies, deep levels, and Te antisites. The 1.1-eV deep level, revealed by PL in earlier studies of CZT and CdTe, were attributed to dislocation-induced defects. In our I-DLTS measurements, the 1.1-eV traps showed different activation energies with applied bias voltage and an exponential dependence on the trap-filling time, which are typical characteristics of dislocation-induced defects. We propose a new defect-trap model for indium-doped CMT crystals.

K Kim; A Bolotinikov; G Camarda; R Gul; A Hossain; G Yang; Y Cui; R James

2011-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

440

Tb0.5Bi0.5MnO3: New material. A DFT study  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In the present work we have determined the band structure and the densities of states (DOS) of Tb0.5Bi0.5MnO3 in cubic phase using the density functional theory (DFT). The determination of the lattice constant was ... Keywords: 61.50.-f, 62.20.-x, 71.15.Nc, 71.20.-b, 71.55.Ht, 75.20.En, Band structure, DFT, Density of states, Magnetic properties, Mechanical and structural properties, Tb1-xBixMnO3

Miguel Grizalez; M. Jairo Arbey Rodríguez; Jesús Heiras; P. Prieto

2008-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

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441

Identification of Mn site in Pb(Zr,Ti)O{sub 3} by synchrotron x-ray absorption near-edge structure: Theory and experiment  

SciTech Connect

Synchrotron x-ray absorption near-edge structure (XANES) experiments are performed on Mn-doped PbZr{sub 1-x}Ti{sub x}O{sub 3} samples (PZT) and compared with first-principles XANES simulations. The features of the measured Mn K-edge XANES are consistent with the first-principles XANES of Mn on the Ti/Zr site and inconsistent with Mn on other sites. The clear agreement between measured and first-principles theoretical XANES spectra reported here is by far the strongest evidence of Mn substituting for Ti/Zr in PZT. This work illustrates that a first-principles supercell framework, which is popularly used to study impurities in crystals, can be used in conjunction with XANES measurement in order to identify an impurity structure with a high degree of confidence. This approach may thus be broadly applicable to study impurities in other crystals.

Limpijumnong, Sukit; Rujirawat, Saroj; Boonchun, Adisak; Smith, M. F.; Cherdhirunkorn, B. [National Synchrotron Research Center, Nakhon Ratchasima 30000, Thailand and School of Physics, Suranaree University of Technology, Nakhon Ratchasima 30000 (Thailand); National Synchrotron Research Center, Nakhon Ratchasima 30000 (Thailand); Department of Physics, Thammasat University, Patum Thani 12121 (Thailand)

2007-03-05T23:59:59.000Z

442

Radiation-induced instability of MnS precipitates and its possible consequences on irradiation-induced stress corrosion cracking of austenitic stainless steels  

SciTech Connect

Irradiation-assisted stress corrosion cracking (IASCC) is a significant materials issue for the light water reactor (LWR) industry and may also pose a problem for fusion power reactors that will use water as coolant. A new metallurgical process is proposed that involves the radiation-induced release into solution of minor impurity elements not usually thought to participate in IASCC. MnS-type precipitates, which contain most of the sulfur in stainless steels, are thought to be unstable under irradiation. First, Mn transmutes strongly to Fe in thermalized neutron spectra. Second, cascade-induced disordering and the inverse Kirkendall effect operating at the incoherent interfaces of MnS precipitates are thought to act as a pump to export Mn from the precipitate into the alloy matrix. Both of these processes will most likely allow sulfur, which is known to exert a deleterious influence on intergranular cracking, to re-enter the matrix. To test this hypothesis, compositions of MnS-type precipitates contained in several unirradiated and irradiated heats of Type 304, 316, and 348 stainless steels (SSs) were analyzed by Auger electron spectroscopy. Evidence is presented that shows a progressive compositional modification of MnS precipitates as exposure to neutrons increases in boiling water reactors. As the fluence increases, the Mn level in MnS decreases, whereas the Fe level increases. The S level also decreases relative to the combined level of Mn and Fe. MnS precipitates were also found to be a reservoir of other deleterious impurities such as F and O which could be also released due to radiation-induced instability of the precipitates.

Chung, H.M.; Sanecki, J.E. [Argonne National Lab., IL (United States); Garner, F.A. [Pacific Northwest National Lab., Richland, WA (United States)

1996-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

443

EXAFS and FT-IR Characterization of Mn and Li Promoted Titania-Supported Rh Catalysts for CO Hydrogenation  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The effect of Li and Mn promoters on the structure and selectivity of supported Rh catalysts for CO hydrogenation reaction was examined. Infrared spectroscopy and X-ray absorption were used to investigate the adsorption of reactants and local structure of Rh. These techniques were used in combination with reactivity, H{sub 2} chemisorption, and temperature programmed studies to correlate structural characteristics with activity and selectivity during CO hydrogenation of unpromoted Rh/TiO{sub 2} and three promoted Rh catalysts: Rh-Li/TiO{sub 2}, Rh-Mn/TiO{sub 2}, and Rh-Li-Mn/TiO{sub 2}. The presence of a promoter slightly decreases the Rh clusters size; however, no evidence for an electronic effect induced by the presence of Li and Mn was found. Higher turnover frequencies were found for the promoted catalysts, which also showed the lower dispersion. The Li promoter introduces a weakened CO adsorption site that appears to enhance the selectivity to C{sub 2+} oxygenates. The selectivity to C{sub 2+} oxygenates varies inversely with the reducibility of Rh metal, that is, the lower the Rh reducibility, the higher the selectivity.

V Schwartz; A Campos; A Egbebi; J Spivey; S Overbury

2011-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

444

Observations on the oxidation of Mn-modified Ni-base Haynes 230 alloy under SOFC exposure conditions  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The commercial Ni-base Haynes 230 alloy (Ni-Cr-Mo-W-Mn) was modified with two increased levels of Mn (1 and 2 wt per cent) and evaluated for its oxidation resistance under simulated SOFC interconnect exposure conditions. Oxidation rate, oxide morphology, oxide conductivity and thermal expansion were measured and compared with commercial Haynes 230. It was observed that additions of higher levels of Mn to the bulk alloy facilitated the formation of a bi-layered oxide scale that was comprised of an outer M3O4 (M=Mn, Cr, Ni) spinel-rich layer at the oxide – gas interface over a Cr2O3-rich sub-layer at the metal – oxide interface. The modified alloys showed higher oxidation rates and the formation of thicker oxide scales compared to the base alloy. The formation of a spinel-rich top layer improved the scale conductivity, especially during the early stages of the oxidation, but the higher scale growth rate resulted in an increase in the area-specific electrical resistance over time. Due to their face-centered cubic crystal structure, both commercial and modified alloys demonstrated a coefficient of thermal expansion that was higher than that of typical anode-supported and electrolyte-supported SOFCs.

Yang, Z Gary; Xia, Gordon; Stevenson, Jeffry W.; Singh, Prabhakar

2005-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

445

Magnetic properties of MnSb inclusions formed in GaSb matrix directly during molecular beam epitaxial growth  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Despite of intensive search for the proper semiconductor base materials for spintronic devices working at room temperature no appropriate material based on ferromagnetic semiconductors has been found so far. We demonstrate that the phase segregated system with MnSb hexagonal inclusions inside the GaSb matrix, formed directly during the molecular beam epitaxial growth reveals the ferromagnetic properties at room temperature and is a good candidate for exploitation in spintronics. Furthermore, the MnSb inclusions with only one crystalline structure were identified in this GaMn:MnSb granular material. The SQUID magnetometry confirmed that this material exhibits ferromagnetic like behavior starting from helium up to room temperature. Moreover, the magnetic anisotropy was found which was present also at room temperature, and it was proved that by choosing a proper substrate it is possible to control the direction of easy axis of inclusions' magnetization moment between in-plane and out-of-plane; the latter is important in view of potential applications in spintronic devices.

Lawniczak-Jablonska, Krystyna; Wolska, Anna; Klepka, Marcin T.; Kret, Slawomir; Kurowska, Boguslawa; Kowalski, Bogdan J. [Institute of Physics PAS, al. Lotnikow 32/46, 02-668 Warsaw (Poland); Gosk, Jacek [Institute of Experimental Physics, University of Warsaw, Hoza 69, 00-681 Warsaw (Poland); Faculty of Physics, Warsaw University of Technology, Koszykowa 75, 00-662 Warsaw (Poland); Twardowski, Andrzej; Wasik, Dariusz; Kwiatkowski, Adam [Institute of Experimental Physics, University of Warsaw, Hoza 69, 00-681 Warsaw (Poland); Sadowski, Janusz [Institute of Physics PAS, al. Lotnikow 32/46, 02-668 Warsaw (Poland); MAX-Lab, Lund University, SE-221 00 Lund (Sweden)

2011-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

446

Pyrovanadolysis: a Pyrophosphorolysis-like Reaction Mediated by Pyrovanadate MN2plus and DNA Polymerase of Bacteriophage T7  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

DNA polymerases catalyze the 3'-5'-pyrophosphorolysis of a DNA primer annealed to a DNA template in the presence of pyrophosphate (PP{sub i}). In this reversal of the polymerization reaction, deoxynucleotides in DNA are converted to deoxynucleoside 5'-triphosphates. Based on the charge, size, and geometry of the oxygen connecting the two phosphorus atoms of PP{sub i}, a variety of compounds was examined for their ability to carry out a reaction similar to pyrophosphorolysis. We describe a manganese-mediated pyrophosphorolysis-like activity using pyrovanadate (VV) catalyzed by the DNA polymerase of bacteriophage T7. We designate this reaction pyrovanadolysis. X-ray absorption spectroscopy reveals a shorter Mn-V distance of the polymerase-VV complex than the Mn-P distance of the polymerase-PP{sub i} complex. This structural arrangement at the active site accounts for the enzymatic activation by Mn-VV. We propose that the Mn{sup 2+}, larger than Mg{sup 2+}, fits the polymerase active site to mediate binding of VV into the active site of the polymerase. Our results may be the first documentation that vanadium can substitute for phosphorus in biological processes.

B Akabayov; A Kulczyk; S Akabayov; C Thiele; L McLaughlin; B Beauchamp; C Richardson

2011-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

447

ASHRAE 2000 Annual Meeting, June 24-28, 2000, Minneapolis, MN, and published in ASHRAE Transactions, 106(2) 2000.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

LBNL-44422 Mo-420 ASHRAE 2000 Annual Meeting, June 24-28, 2000, Minneapolis, MN, and published in ASHRAE Transactions, 106(2) 2000. This work was supported by the Assistant Secretary for Energy-factors of predominantly planar, vertical windows has been made by both ASHRAE and NFRC, and as increasing consensus has

448

Competition between stripe and checkerboard magnetic instabilities in Mn-doped BaFe2As2  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The appearance of unconventional superconductivity often requires the suppression of an antiferromagnetic (AFM) ordered state by tuning the chemical composition. In BaFe2As2, the AFM ordered state is driven by Fermi surface nesting, resulting in stripe magnetic ordering with propagation vector Qstripe = (; 0) (in Fe square lattice notation). Co substitution acts as an electron donor that destabilizes the nesting condition,1 leading to suppression of the stripe AFM ordering2 and the appearance of superconductivity.3,4 Mn is nominally the hole-doping counterpart of Co which should also detune the Fermi surface nesting, but it is not a superconductor.5 Here we report that Mn doping does not act solely as a hole donor, but instead introduces strong spin uctuations at a wavevector (; ) that is unrelated to the Fermi surface topology of BaFe2As2. Spin uctuations at (; ) and (; 0) coexist, suggesting the Mn dopants act as local magnetic impurities that polarize neighbouring Fe/Mn spins, potentially disrupting superconductivity.

Pratt, Daniel [Ames Laboratory and Iowa State University; Kim, M. G. [Ames Laboratory and Iowa State University; Ran, S. [Ames Laboratory and Iowa State University; Thaler, A. [Ames Laboratory and Iowa State University; Granroth, Garrett E [ORNL; Marty, Karol J [ORNL; Tian, W. [University of Tennessee, Knoxville (UTK); Zarestky, J. L. [Ames Laboratory and Iowa State University; Lumsden, Mark D [ORNL; Budko, S L [Ames Laboratory and Iowa State University; Canfield, P. C. [Ames Laboratory; Goldman, A. I. [Ames Laboratory and Iowa State University; Mcqueeney, R J [Ames Laboratory and Iowa State University; Tucker, G. S. [Ames Laboratory and Iowa State University

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

449

Structural controlled magnetic anisotropy in Heusler L1{sub 0}-MnGa epitaxial thin films  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Ferromagnetic L1{sub 0}-MnGa thin films have been epitaxially grown on GaN, sapphire, and MgO substrates using molecular beam epitaxy. Using diffraction techniques, the epitaxial relationships are determined. It is found that the crystalline orientation of the films differ due to the influence of the substrate. By comparing the magnetic anisotropy to the structural properties, a clear correlation could be established indicating that the in-plane and out-of-plane anisotropy is directly determined by the crystal orientation of the film and could be controlled via selection of the substrates. This result could be helpful in tailoring magnetic anisotropy in thin films for spintronic applications.

Wang Kangkang; Lu Erdong; Smith, Arthur R. [Department of Physics and Astronomy, Nanoscale and Quantum Phenomena Institute, Ohio University, Athens, Ohio 45701 (United States); Knepper, Jacob W.; Yang Fengyuan [Department of Physics, Ohio State University, 191 Woodruff Ave., Columbus, Ohio 43210 (United States)

2011-04-18T23:59:59.000Z

450

Synthesis and oxygen content dependent properties of hexagonal DyMnO{sub 3 + sub delta}.  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Oxygen deficient polycrystalline samples of hexagonal P6{sub 3}cm (space group No.185) DyMnO{sub 3+{delta}} ({delta} stoichiometric in oxygen content ({delta} = 0). Chemical expansion of the crystal lattice corresponding to these large changes of oxygen was found to be 3.48 x 10{sup -2} mol{sup -1}. Thermal expansion of stoichiometric phases were determined to be 11.6 x 10{sup -6} and 2.1 x 10{sup -6} K{sup -1} for the P6{sub 3}cm and Hex{sub 2} phases, respectively. Our measurements also indicate that the oxygen non-stoichiometry of hexagonal RMnO{sub 3+{delta}} materials may have important influence on their multiferroic properties.

Remsen, S.; Dabrowski, B.; Chmaissem, O.; Mais, J.; Szewczyk, A. (Materials Science Division); (Northern Illinois Univ.); (Polish Acad. Sci.)

2011-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

451

Imaging Molecular Gas in the Luminous Merger NGC 3256 : Detection of High-Velocity Gas and Twin Gas Peaks in the Double Nucleus  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Molecular gas in the merging starburst galaxy NGC 3256 has been imaged with the Submillimeter Array at a resolution of 1'' x 2'' (170 x 340 pc at 35 Mpc). This is the first interferometric imaging of molecular gas in the most luminous galaxy within z=0.01. There is a large disk of molecular gas (r > 3 kpc) in the center of the merger with a strong gas concentration toward the double nucleus. The gas disk having a mass of ~3*10^9 Msun in the central 3 kpc rotates around a point between the two nuclei that are 850 pc apart on the sky. The molecular gas is warm and turbulent and shows spatial variation of the intensity ratio between CO isotopomers. High-velocity molecular gas is discovered at the galactic center. Its velocity in our line of sight is up to 420 km/s offset from the systemic velocity of the galaxy; the terminal velocity is twice as large as that due to the rotation of the main gas disk. The high-velocity gas is most likely due to a molecular outflow from the gas disk, entrained by the starburst-driven superwind in the galaxy. The molecular outflow is estimated to have a rate of ~10 Msun/yr and to play a significant role in the dispersal or depletion of molecular gas from the galactic center. A compact gas concentration and steep velocity gradient are also found around each of the twin nuclei. They are suggestive of a small gas disk rotating around each nucleus. If these are indeed mini-disks, their dynamical masses are ~10^9 Msun within a radius of 170 pc.

Kazushi Sakamoto; Paul T. P. Ho; Alison B. Peck

2006-03-03T23:59:59.000Z

452

Synthesis and oxygen content dependent properties of hexagonal DyMnO[subscript 3+delta  

SciTech Connect

Oxygen deficient polycrystalline samples of hexagonal P6{sub 3}cm (space group No.185) DyMnO{sub 3+{delta}} ({delta} < 0) were synthesized in Ar by intentional decomposition of its perovskite phase obtained in air. The relative stability of these phases is in accord with our previous studies of the temperature and oxygen vacancy dependent tolerance factor. Thermogravimetric measurements have shown that hexagonal samples of DyMnO{sub 3+{delta}} (0 {le} {delta} {le} 0.4) exhibit unusually large excess oxygen content, which readily incorporates on heating near 300 C in various partial-pressures of oxygen atmospheres. Neutron and synchrotron diffraction data show the presence of two new structural phases at {delta} {approx} 0.25 (Hex{sub 2}) and {delta} {approx} 0.40 (Hex{sub 3}). Rietveld refinements of the Hex{sub 2} phase strongly suggest it is well modeled by the R3 space group (No.146). These phases were observed to transform back to P6{sub 3}cm above {approx} 350 C when material becomes stoichiometric in oxygen content ({delta} = 0). Chemical expansion of the crystal lattice corresponding to these large changes of oxygen was found to be 3.48 x 10{sup -2} mol{sup -1}. Thermal expansion of stoichiometric phases were determined to be 11.6 x 10{sup -6} and 2.1 x 10{sup -6} K{sup -1} for the P6{sub 3}cm and Hex{sub 2} phases, respectively. Our measurements also indicate that the oxygen non-stoichiometry of hexagonal RMnO{sub 3+{delta}} materials may have important influence on their multiferroic properties.

Remsen, S.; Dabrowski, B.; Chmaissem, O.; Mais, J.; Szewczyk, A. (NIU); (Polish)

2011-10-28T23:59:59.000Z

453

Facile synthesis of {alpha}-MnO{sub 2} one-dimensional (1D) nanostructure and energy storage ability studies  

SciTech Connect

The dense manganese oxide nanorods with an extremely narrow distribution are synthesized at a low temperature using first cathodic electrodeposition subsequently heat treatment. Scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and transmission electron microscopy (TEM) images show that the nanorods have bar shapes, and their average diameter is less than 50 nm. The Fourier transform infrared (FT-IR) study, the selected area electron diffraction (SAED) pattern in TEM images and the X-ray diffraction (XRD) result show that the nanorods are {alpha}-MnO{sub 2} single crystal. The results of N{sub 2} adsorption-desorption analysis indicate that the BET surface area of the {alpha}-MnO{sub 2} nanorods is 93 m{sup 2} g{sup -1}. By recording the potential-time curve during the electrodeposition process, it is revealed that water reduction reaction has a major role in the electrogeneration of base at the cathode surface under the applied electrochemical conditions. Finally, based on the H{sub 2} bubbling on the cathode surface, the mechanism of the formation and the growth of {alpha}-MnO{sub 2} nanorods are proposed and discussed. For the electrochemical supercapacitor application, electrochemically prepared {alpha}-MnO{sub 2} is found to be stable for a large number of cycles with high specific capacitance, 338 F g{sup -1} at a scan rate of 10 mV s{sup -1}. Finally, the charge-discharge mechanism is discussed. - Graphical abstract: Highlights: Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer New nanostructures of MnO{sub 2} is synthesized by simple method of cathodicelectrodeposition. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer The product has unique one-dimensional morphology with average diameter size of 50 nm. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer The experiment conditions (temperature, current density) has not been reported. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer The one-nanostructures obtained without using of hard template or surfactant.

Yousefi, Taher, E-mail: anozadg@yahoo.com [Department of Chemistry, Tarbiat Moallem University, PO Box: 31979-37551, Tehran (Iran, Islamic Republic of); Materials Research School, NSTRI, PO Box: 14395-836, Tehran (Iran, Islamic Republic of); Golikand, Ahmad Nozad, E-mail: taher_yosefy@yahoo.com [Materials Research School, NSTRI, PO Box: 14395-836, Tehran (Iran, Islamic Republic of); Hossein Mashhadizadeh, Mohammad [Department of Chemistry, Tarbiat Moallem University, PO Box: 31979-37551, Tehran (Iran, Islamic Republic of); Aghazadeh, Mustafa [Department of Optic and Spectroscopy, Lasers and Optics Research School, NSTRI, PO Box: 11365-8486, Tehran (Iran, Islamic Republic of)

2012-06-15T23:59:59.000Z

454

The role of the (111) texture on the exchange bias and interlayer coupling effects observed in sputtered NiFe/IrMn/Co trilayers  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Magnetic properties of sputtered NiFe/IrMn/Co trilayers grown on different seed layers (Cu or Ta) deposited on Si (100) substrates were investigated by magnetometry and ferromagnetic resonance measurements. Exchange bias effect and magnetic spring behavior have been studied by changing the IrMn thickness. As shown by X-ray diffraction, Ta and Cu seed layers provoke different degrees of (111) fcc-texture that directly affect the exchange bias and indirectly modify the exchange spring coupling behavior. Increasing the IrMn thickness, it was observed that the coupling angle between the Co and NiFe ferromagnetic layers increases for the Cu seed system, but it reduces for the Ta case. The results were explained considering (i) different anisotropies of the Co and IrMn layers induced by the different degree of the (111) texture and (ii) the distinct exchange bias set at the NiFe/IrMn and IrMn/Co interfaces in both systems. The NiFe and Co interlayer coupling angle is strongly correlated with both exchange bias and exchange magnetic spring phenomena. It was also shown that the highest exchange bias field occurs when an unstressed L1{sub 2} IrMn structure is stabilized.

Castro, I. L.; Nascimento, V. P.; Passamani, E. C.; Takeuchi, A. Y.; Larica, C. [Universidade Federal do Espirito Santo, Vitoria, ES 29075-910 (Brazil)] [Universidade Federal do Espirito Santo, Vitoria, ES 29075-910 (Brazil); Tafur, M. [Universidade Federal de Itajuba, Campus Itabira, Itabira, MG 37500-903 (Brazil)] [Universidade Federal de Itajuba, Campus Itabira, Itabira, MG 37500-903 (Brazil); Pelegrini, F. [Universidade Federal de Goias, Goiania, GO 74001-970 (Brazil)] [Universidade Federal de Goias, Goiania, GO 74001-970 (Brazil)

2013-05-28T23:59:59.000Z

455

Strong room-temperature ferromagnetism of high-quality lightly Mn-doped ZnO grown by molecular beam epitaxy  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Strong room-temperature ferromagnetism is demonstrated in single crystalline Mn-doped ZnO grown by molecular beam epitaxy. With a low Mn concentration of 2 Multiplication-Sign 10{sup 19} cm{sup -3}, Mn-doped ZnO films exhibited room-temperature ferromagnetism with a coercivity field larger than 200 Oe, a large saturation moment of 6 {mu}{sub B}/ion, and a large residue moment that is {approx}70% of the saturation magnetization. Isolated ions with long range carrier mediated spin-spin coupling may be responsible for the intrinsic ferromagnetism.

Zuo Zheng; Zhou Huimei; Olmedo, Mario J.; Kong Jieying; Liu Jianlin [Quantum Structures Laboratory, Department of Electrical Engineering, University of California - Riverside, Riverside, California 92521 (United States); Beyermann, Ward P. [Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of California - Riverside, Riverside, California 92521 (United States); Zheng Jianguo [Laboratory for Electron and X-ray Instrumentation, California Institute for Telecommunications and Information Technology, University of California - Irvine, Irvine, California 92697 (United States); Xin Yan [NHMFL, Florida State University, 1800 E. Paul Dirac Dr., Tallahassee, Florida 32310-3706 (United States)

2012-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

456

Detailed Relationship Between Local Structure Polarons and Magnetization for La1-xCaxMnO3 (0.21 lt x lt 0.45)  

SciTech Connect

We present detailed local structure measurements (using the extended x-ray absorption fine structure technique) for the colossal magnetoresistive material La{sub 1-x}Ca{sub x}MnO{sub 3} (0.21 < x < 0.45) as a function of temperature and magnetic field. The local distortions of the Mn-O bonds are parameterized using {sigma}, the width of the Mn-O pair-distribution function (PDF). After subtracting thermal phonon contributions, we show that the contributions to {sigma}{sup 2} from polaron and Jahn-Teller (JT) distortions, {sigma}{sub JT/polaron}{sup 2}, are a universal function of the magnetization, independent of how the magnetization is achieved via changes in temperature or magnetic field. However this universal behavior is only observed for B fields {ge} 2 T, likely as a result of domain canting in low B fields. The resulting curve is well described by two straight lines with significantly different slopes. These regimes represent two distinctly differ distortions of the oxygen octahedra about the Mn. For low magnetizations up to {approx}65% of the theoretical maximum magnetization, M{sub T}, the slope is low and the distortion removed as the sample becomes magnetized is small - we argue this arises from polarons which have a low distortion around two (or possibly three) Mn sites. At high magnetizations large distortions per Mn site are removed as these sites become magnetized. The data are also analyzed in terms of a two Mn-O peak distribution using experimental standards for Mn-O. The results agree well with recent neutron PDF results but not with some earlier results. We discuss the limitations of assuming a two peak distribution in view of the two distortions needed to describe the Mn-O distortions as a function of T and B for B {ge} 2 T. It is likely that there is a distribution of longer bonds. Finally we show that with increasing B field, the Mn-Mn peak also has a small B-field-induced change - a measure at the unit cell level of magnetostriction but find that there is no observable B-field-induced change in the Mn-La/Ca pair distribution for fields up to {approx}10 T.

F Bridges; L Downward; J Neumeier; T Tyson

2011-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

457

LiMnPO4 Nanoplate Grown via Solid-State Reaction in Molten Hydrocarbon for Li-ion Battery Cathode  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Electrochemically active LiMnPO4 nanoplates have been synthesized via novel single step solid state reaction in molten hydrocarbon. The LiMnPO4 prepared show unique porous nanoplate shape ~50nm in thickness with highly preferred crystallographic orientation. The reversible cycling of carbon coated LiMnPO4 show flat potential at 4.1 V vs. Li with specific capacity reaching up to 168mAh/g and excellent cycling performance using only galvanostatic charging / discharging mode.

Choi, Daiwon; Wang, Donghai; Bae, In-Tae; Xiao, Jie; Nie, Zimin; Wang, Wei; Viswanathan, Vilayanur V.; Lee, Yun Jung; Zhang, Jiguang; Graff, Gordon L.; Yang, Zhenguo; Liu, Jun

2010-08-11T23:59:59.000Z

458

Ferromagnetism in Ga1-xMnxP: evidence for inter-Mn exchangemediated bylocalized holes within a detached impurity band  

SciTech Connect

We report an energy gap for hole photoexcitation in ferromagnetic Ga{sub 1-x}Mn{sub x}P that is tunable by Mn concentration (x {le} 0.06) and by compensation with Te donors. For x{approx}0.06, electrical transport is dominated by excitation across this gap above the Curie temperature (T{sub c}) of 60 K and by thermally-activated hopping below T{sub c}. Magnetization measurements reveal a moment of 3.9 {+-} 0.4 {micro}{sub B} per substitutional Mn while the large anomalous Hall signal unambiguously demonstrates that the ferromagnetism is carrier-mediated. In aggregate these data indicate that ferromagnetic exchange is mediated by holes localized in a Mn-derived band that is detached from the valence band.

Scarpulla, M.A.; Cardozo, B.L.; Farshchi, R.; Hlaing Oo, W.M.; McCluskey, M.D.; Yu, K.M.; Dubon, O.D.

2005-01-11T23:59:59.000Z

459

Comparison of Small Polaron Migration and Phase Separation in Olivine LiMnPO? and LiFePO? using Hybrid Density Functional Theory  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Using hybrid density functional theory based on the Heyd-Scuseria-Ernzerhof (HSE06) functional, we compared polaron migration and phase separation in olivine LiMnPO? to LiFePO?. The barriers for free hole and electron ...

Ong, Shyue Ping

460

Combustion Synthesis of Nanoparticulate LiMgxMn1-xPO4 (x=0, 0.1, 0.2) Carbon Composites  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

G. J. Exarhos: Glycine-nitrate Combustion Synthesis of Oxideby the Nitrate-Citrate Combustion Method. Mat. Res. Bull.Combustion Synthesis of Nanoparticulate LiMg x Mn 1-x PO 4 (

Doeff, Marca M

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "detroit mn twin" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
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they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
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to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


461

Stability of Jahn-Teller distortion in LaMnO{sub 3} under pressure: An x-ray absorption study  

SciTech Connect

The local environment of manganese atoms in LaMnO{sub 3} under pressure up to 15.3 GPa has been studied by x-ray absorption spectroscopy. For pressures below 8 GPa, no change is detected within the MnO{sub 6} octahedra. Above this pressure a continuous reduction of the long Mn-O distance takes place, however, the octahedral distortion persists over the whole pressure range. At 15.3 GPa the average Jahn-Teller splitting of the distances is reduced by about one-third, indicating that a total removal of the local Jahn-Teller distortion would occur only for pressures around 30 GPa, where metallization is reported to take place. A hysteresis in the long distance reduction is observed down to ambient pressure, suggesting the coexistence of MnO{sub 6} distorted and undistorted units.

Ramos, Aline Y.; Tolentino, Helio C. N.; Souza-Neto, Narcizo M.; Itie, Jean-Paul; Morales, Liliana; Caneiro, Alberto [Institut Neel, UPR 2940-CNRS, 25 av. des Martyrs, Boite Postale 166, 38042 Grenoble, France and Laboratorio Nacional de Luz Sincrotron-LNLS, P.O. Box 6192, 13084-971, Campinas, Sao Paulo (Brazil); Laboratorio Nacional de Luz Sincrotron-LNLS, P.O. Box 6192, 13084-971, Campinas, Sao Paulo, Brazil and Departamento de Fisica dos Materiais e Mecanica, DFMT-IF-USP, Sao Paulo, SP (Brazil); Synchrotron SOLEIL, L'Orme des Merisiers, Saint-Aubin, Boite Postale 48, 91192 Gif-sur-Yvette Cedex (France); Centro Atomico Bariloche and Instituto Balseiro, Comision Nacional de Energia Atomica and Universidad Nacional de Cuyo, 8400 S.C. de Bariloche (Argentina)

2007-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

462

Observation of Orbital Ordering and Jahn-Teller Distortions Supporting the Wigner-crystal Model in Highly Dopes Bi{1-x}Ca{x}MnO{3}  

SciTech Connect

We report on the experimental characterization of orbital ordering and the associated lattice distortions in highly doped Bi{sub 1-x}Ca{sub x}MnO{sub 3}. Resonant x-ray diffraction was used at the Mn L-edge for the direct observation of the ordered localized states, and at the Mn K-edge for the sensitivity to the distortions of the manganese-oxygen octahedra. The orbital ordering on Mn atoms was directly observed at x=0.69; the analysis and the numerical simulations of the K-edge spectra allow us to characterize the pattern of the distorted octahedra at x = 4/5. These observations support the Wigner-crystal-type model at both dopings; the bi-stripe model is ruled out at x = 0.69.

Grenier,S.; Kiryukhin, V.; Cheong, S.; Kim, B.; Hill, J.; Thomas, K.; Tonnerre, J.; Joly, Y.; Staub, U.; Scagnoli, V.

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

463

Searching for a link between the presence of chemical spots on the surface of HgMn stars and their weak magnetic fields  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We present the results of mapping the HgMn star AR Aur using the Doppler Imaging technique for several elements and discuss the obtained distributions in the framework of a magnetic field topology.

Savanov, I S; González, J F; Schöller, M

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

464

Effective red compensation of Sr2SiO4: Dy3+ phosphor by codoping Mn2+ ions and its energy transfer  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Mn2+ ions codoped Sr2SiO4 : Dy3+ phosphors were prepared by the solid-state reaction method using NH4Cl as the flux. Their phase compositions, photoluminescence properties, and the energy transfer ...

Le Zhang, Zhou Lu, Pengde Han, Lixi Wang, Qitu Zhang

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

465

Properties of molecular beam epitaxy grown Eu{sub x}(transition metal){sub y} films (transition metals: Mn, Cr)  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The electronic and crystallographic structures, as well as the magnetic properties, of Eu{sub x}(transition metal){sub y} (transition metals: Mn, Cr) thin films grown by molecular beam epitaxy were studied. Relative changes of the Eu/Mn and Eu/Cr ratios derived from the XPS lines, as well as x-ray reflectivity, indicate mixing of the Eu/Mn and Eu/Cr layers. Valency transitions from Eu{sup 2+} to Eu{sup 3+} were observed in both systems for most studied stoichiometries. A transition to a magnetically ordered phase was observed at 15 K, 40 K, and 62 K for selected films in the Eu-Mn system, and at 50 K for the film with a Eu/Cr ratio of 0.5.

Balin, K. [A. Chelkowski Institute of Physics, University of Silesia, Katowice, 40-007 (Poland); Center for Magnetism and Magnetic Nanostructures, University of Colorado at Colorado Springs, Colorado Springs, Colorado 80918 (United States); Nowak, A. [A. Chelkowski Institute of Physics, University of Silesia, Katowice, 40-007 (Poland); Laboratoire de Physique de l'Etat Condense, University du Maine, Le Mans Cedex, 72085 (France); Gibaud, A. [Laboratoire de Physique de l'Etat Condense, University du Maine, Le Mans Cedex, 72085 (France); Szade, J. [A. Chelkowski Institute of Physics, University of Silesia, Katowice, 40-007 (Poland); Celinski, Z. [Center for Magnetism and Magnetic Nanostructures, University of Colorado at Colorado Springs, Colorado Springs, Colorado 80918 (United States)

2011-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

466

Excitons in single and double GaAs/AlGaAs/ZnSe/Zn(Cd)MnSe heterovalent quantum wells  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Exciton photoluminescence spectra, photoluminescence excitation spectra, and magnetophotoluminescence spectra of single (GaAs/AlGaAs/ZnMnSe) and double (GaAs/AlGaAs/ZnSe/ZnCdMnSe) heterovalent quantum wells formed by molecular beam epitaxy are studied. It is shown that the exciton absorption spectrum of such quantum wells mainly reproduces the resonant exciton spectrum expected for usual quantum wells with similar parameters, while the radiative exciton recombination have substantial distinctions, in particular the additional localization mechanism determined by defects generated by heterovalent interface exists. The nature of these localization centers is not currently clarified; their presence leads to broadening of photoluminescence lines and to an increase in the Stokes shift between the peaks of luminescence and absorption, as well as determining the variation in the magnetic g factor of bound exciton complexes.

Toropov, A. A., E-mail: toropov@beam.ioffe.ru; Kaibyshev, V. Kh.; Terent'ev, Ya. V.; Ivanov, S. V.; Kop'ev, P. S. [Russian Academy of Sciences, Ioffe Physical Technical Institute (Russian Federation)

2011-02-15T23:59:59.000Z

467

Semiconducting Transition-Metal Oxides Based on D5 Cations: Theory for MnO and Fe2O3  

SciTech Connect

Transition-metal oxides with partially filled d shells are typically Mott or charge-transfer insulators with notoriously poor transport properties due to large effective electron/hole masses or due to carrier self-trapping. Employing band-structure calculations and ab initio small-polaron theory for MnO and Fe{sub 2}O{sub 3}, we explore the potential of d{sup 5} oxides for achieving desirable semiconducting properties, e.g., in solar energy applications. The quantification of self-trapping energies and the trends with the coordination symmetry suggest strategies to overcome the main bottlenecks, i.e., the tendency for self-trapping of holes due to Mn(II) and of electrons due to Fe(III).

Peng, H.; Lany, S.

2012-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

468

Phase Transition of ZnxMn1-xS Dilute Magnetic Semiconductor Nanoparticles under Ultra-high Pressure  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The high-pressure behavior of different doping content of ZnS nanocrystals has been investigated using angle-dispersive synchrotron X-ray powder diffraction up to 45.1 GPa. A phase transformation from the zinc-blende(ZB) to the rock-salt (RS) structure is observed at pressures of about 17.7 and 18.3 GPa at room temperature, corresponding to the Mn{sup 2+} ion mole percent content solutions 0.85% and 1.26%, respectively. The obtained results indicate that the Mn{sup 2+} doping could obviously enhance the phase transition pressure of ZnS nanocrystal. The elevation of phase transition pressure could origin from the higher surface energy induced by ion doping.

Z Zong; Y Ma; T Hu; Q Cui; M Zhang; G Zou

2011-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

469

Crystal and magnetic structures and physical properties of a new pyroxene NaMnGe2O6 synthesized under high pressure  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A new pyroxene NaMnGe2O6 has been synthesized at 3 GPa and 800 C, and fully characterized by x-ray single-crystal diffraction and neutron powder diffraction, measurements of magnetization and specific heat. Like other majority sodium pyroxenes, NaMnGe2O6 crystallizes into a monoclinic C2/c structure with unit-cell parameters a = 9.859(2) , b = 8.7507(18) , c = 5.5724(11) , and =105.64(3) at room temperature. The crystal structure is featured by quasi-one-dimensional chains of skew edge-sharing MnO6 octahedra running along the crystallographic c axis; these chains are connected by non-magnetic GeO4 tetrahedra, so as to lead to a low-dimensional magnetism. The highly distorted MnO6 octahedron consisting of three Mn-O bond lengths, i.e. 1.918 , 1.991 , and 2.198 , is consistent with the Jahn-Teller effect at Mn3+ in a cubic crystal field. A long-range cooperative Jahn-Teller distortion is formed by ordering longest Mn-O bonds between two neighboring octahedra along the chain direction. No orbital order-disorder transition has been found up to 750 K as checked by magnetic susceptibility. Like other alkali-metal pyroxenes with S > , NaMnGe2O6 (S = 2) was found to undergo a long-range antiferromagnetic ordering at TN = 7 K at low magnetic field due to the exchange interactions along and between chains. Due to the peculiar structural features and the corresponding magnetic coupling, the weak AF spin ordering gives way to a ferromagnetic-like state at a sufficiently high magnetic field. Specific-heat measurements demonstrated that a large portion of the magnetic entropy, i.e. > 60 %, has been removed above TN as a result of strong spin correlations within the quasi-one-dimensional Mn3+-spin chains. Neutron powder diffraction study suggests a commensurate magnetic structure defined by k = [0 0 0.5] with Mn moments aligned along the c axis. The present study on NaMnGe2O6 completed the evolution of magnetic properties as a function of the d-orbital occupancy from d1 to d5 in the magnetic pyroxenes.

Yan, Jiaqiang [ORNL; Tian, Wei [ORNL; May, Andrew F [ORNL; Cheng, J G [University of Texas, Austin; Zhou, J.-S. [University of Texas, Austin; Garlea, Vasile O [ORNL; Neuefeind, Joerg C [ORNL; Steinfink, Hugo [University of Texas, Austin; Lynch, V [University of Texas, Austin

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

470

Characterization of precipitation behaviors in a non-stoichiometric Cu-24.5at.%Al-19.4at.%Mn alloy  

SciTech Connect

Scanning and transmission electron microscopy examinations of Cu-24.5at.% Al-19.4at.%Mn (similar to Cu{sub 2.2}Mn{sub 0.8}Al) alloy were performed after aging at temperatures ranging from 350 deg. C to 700 deg. C for various durations. It was observed that only {gamma}-brass type and L-J phases were formed after aging at or below 400 deg. C. On the other hand, the {beta}-Mn phase was formed after aging at temperatures ranging from 500 deg. C to 650 deg. C. It is noteworthy that the precipitation behaviors of the {gamma}-brass type and {beta}-Mn phases are different at different aging temperatures. This remarkable result differs from those reported in previous studies on the Cu{sub 3-X}Mn{sub X}Al alloys with X {<=} 1. - Research Highlights: {yields}Precipitation behaviors in a Cu{sub 2.2}Mn{sub 0.8}Al alloy shows different results from those reported in previous studies on the Cu-A-lMn alloys. {yields}The {gamma}-brass type precipitate occurs at temperatures ranging from 350 deg. C to 500 deg. C revealing different precipitation characteristics. {yields}The {beta}-Mn phase formed after aging at 500 deg. C to 650 deg. C shows different precipitation behaviors as well. {yields}L-J phase having an orthorhombic structure could be always observed in the as-quenched and aged conditions.

Jeng, S.C., E-mail: sccheng@tsint.edu.tw

2011-02-15T23:59:59.000Z

471

Solvothermal synthesis of Zn{sub 2}GeO{sub 4}:Mn{sup 2+} nanophosphor in water/diethylene glycol system  

SciTech Connect

The influence of aging of the suspension containing the amorphous precusors on structural, compositional and photoluminescent properties is studied to understand the mechanism on the formation of Zn{sub 2}GeO{sub 4}:Mn{sup 2+} nanoparticles during the solvothermal reaction in the water/diethylene glycol mixed solvent. Aging at 200 Degree-Sign C for 20 min forms the crystalline Zn{sub 2}GeO{sub 4} nanorods and then they grow up to {approx} 50 nm in mean length after aging for 240 min. Their interplanar spacing of (410) increases with increasing the aging time. The photoluminescence intensity corresponding to the d-d transition of Mn{sup 2+} increases with increasing the aging time up to 120 min, and then decreases after aging for 240 min. The photoluminescence lifetime decreases with increasing the aging time, indicating the locally concentrated Mn{sup 2+} ions. These results reveal that Mn{sup 2+} ions gradually replace Zn{sup 2+} ions near surface through repeating dissolusion and precipitation processes during prolonged aging after the complete crystallization of Zn{sub 2}GeO{sub 4}. - Graphical abstract: TEM images of Zn{sub 2}GeO{sub 4}:Mn{sup 2+} nanoparticles aged at 200 Degree-Sign C for different aging times in the mixed solvent of water and diethylene glycol. Highlights: Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Mechanism on formation of Zn{sub 2}GeO{sub 4}:Mn{sup 2+} nanophosphor under solvothermal condition. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Zn{sub 2}GeO{sub 4} nanorods crystallize via amorphous precursors. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Gradual substitution of Mn{sup 2+} during prolonged aging. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Such an inhomogeneous Mn{sup 2+} doping process results in concentration quenching.

Takeshita, Satoru; Honda, Joji [Department of Applied Chemistry, Faculty of Science and Technology, Keio University, 3-14-1 Hiyoshi, Kohoku-ku, Yokohama 223-8522 (Japan); Isobe, Tetsuhiko, E-mail: isobe@applc.keio.ac.jp [Department of Applied Chemistry, Faculty of Science and Technology, Keio University, 3-14-1 Hiyoshi, Kohoku-ku, Yokohama 223-8522 (Japan); Sawayama, Tomohiro; Niikura, Seiji [SINLOIHI Company, Limited, 2-19-12 Dai, Kamakura 247-8550 (Japan)

2012-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

472

Structural, morphological, and magnetic characterization of In{sub 1-x}Mn{sub x}As quantum dots grown by molecular beam epitaxy  

SciTech Connect

In this paper, we present a method to order low temperature (LT) self-assembled ferromagnetic In{sub 1-x}Mn{sub x}As quantum dots (QDs) grown by molecular beam epitaxy (MBE). The ordered In{sub 1-x}Mn{sub x}As QDs were grown on top of a non-magnetic In{sub 0.4}Ga{sub 0.6}As/GaAs(100) QDs multi-layered structure. The modulation of the chemical potential, due to the stacking, provides a nucleation center for the LT In{sub 1-x}Mn{sub x}As QDs. For particular conditions, such as surface morphology and growth conditions, the In{sub 1-x}Mn{sub x}As QDs align along lines like chains. This work also reports the characterization of QDs grown on plain GaAs(100) substrates, as well as of the ordered structures, as function of Mn content and growth temperature. The substitutional Mn incorporation in the InAs lattice and the conditions for obtaining coherent and incoherent structures are discussed from comparison between Raman spectroscopy and x-ray analysis. Ferromagnetic behavior was observed for all structures at 2 K. We found that the magnetic moment axis changes from [110] in In{sub 1-x}Mn{sub x}As over GaAs to [1-10] for the ordered In{sub 1-x}Mn{sub x}As grown over GaAs template.

Ferri, F. A.; Marega, E. Jr. [Instituto de Fisica de Sao Carlos, Universidade de Sao Paulo, Sao Carlos 13560-970, SP (Brazil); Coelho, L. N. [Instituto de Fisica, Universidade de Brasilia, Brasilia 70919-970, DF (Brazil); Kunets, V. P.; Salamo, G. J. [Department of Physics, University of Arkansas, Fayetteville, Arkansas 72701 (United States)

2012-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

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Electron cyclotron emission reconstruction image and m/n=3/2 mode in HT-7 tokamak  

SciTech Connect

Electron cyclotron emission reconstruction image has been used for flux surface reconstruction. The reconstruction image is based on plasma rigid rotation which is obtained from Mirnov diagnostic. From the reconstructed two-dimensional flux surface, the classical m/n=3/2 mode is visualized, which is of similar spatial structure as neoclassical 3/2 mode observed in some other tokamaks [B. Esposito et al., Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 045006 (2008)].

Li Erzhong; Hu Liqun; Ling Bili; Liu Yong; Ti Ang; Chen Kaiyun; Shen Biao; Gao Xiang [Institute of Plasma Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Hefei 230031 (China)

2010-07-15T23:59:59.000Z