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We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
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1

Rockingham County- Small Wind Ordinance  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

In October 2004, the Rockingham County Board of Supervisors approved a zoning ordinance for small wind energy systems, the first of its kind in Virginia. Students at James Madison University...

2

Murdoch University Dixon Road, Rockingham  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Murdoch University Dixon Road, Rockingham Western Australia 6168 Email: info in Desalination Australia holds a diverse portfolio of 43 research projects, spanning five, and on microbial populations in seawater. Forward osmosis as a low energy and high efficiency pre

3

CX-003991: Categorical Exclusion Determination  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

BizFuelCX(s) Applied: B5.1Date: 09/22/2010Location(s): Rockingham County, North CarolinaOffice(s): Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy, Golden Field Office

4

Mechanical memory  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A first-in-first-out (FIFO) microelectromechanical memory apparatus (also termed a mechanical memory) is disclosed. The mechanical memory utilizes a plurality of memory cells, with each memory cell having a beam which can be bowed in either of two directions of curvature to indicate two different logic states for that memory cell. The memory cells can be arranged around a wheel which operates as a clocking actuator to serially shift data from one memory cell to the next. The mechanical memory can be formed using conventional surface micromachining, and can be formed as either a nonvolatile memory or as a volatile memory.

Gilkey, Jeffrey C. (Albuquerque, NM); Duesterhaus, Michelle A. (Albuquerque, NM); Peter, Frank J. (Albuquerque, NM); Renn, Rosemarie A. (Albuquerque, NM); Baker, Michael S. (Albuquerque, NM)

2006-05-16T23:59:59.000Z

5

Mechanical memory  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A first-in-first-out (FIFO) microelectromechanical memory apparatus (also termed a mechanical memory) is disclosed. The mechanical memory utilizes a plurality of memory cells, with each memory cell having a beam which can be bowed in either of two directions of curvature to indicate two different logic states for that memory cell. The memory cells can be arranged around a wheel which operates as a clocking actuator to serially shift data from one memory cell to the next. The mechanical memory can be formed using conventional surface micromachining, and can be formed as either a nonvolatile memory or as a volatile memory.

Gilkey, Jeffrey C. (Albuquerque, NM); Duesterhaus, Michelle A. (Albuquerque, NM); Peter, Frank J. (Albuquerque, NM); Renn, Rosemarie A. (Alburquerque, NM); Baker, Michael S. (Albuquerque, NM)

2006-08-15T23:59:59.000Z

6

Optical memory  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

Optical memory comprising: a semiconductor wire, a first electrode, a second electrode, a light source, a means for producing a first voltage at the first electrode, a means for producing a second voltage at the second electrode, and a means for determining the presence of an electrical voltage across the first electrode and the second electrode exceeding a predefined voltage. The first voltage, preferably less than 0 volts, different from said second voltage. The semiconductor wire is optically transparent and has a bandgap less than the energy produced by the light source. The light source is optically connected to the semiconductor wire. The first electrode and the second electrode are electrically insulated from each other and said semiconductor wire.

Mao, Samuel S; Zhang, Yanfeng

2013-07-02T23:59:59.000Z

7

CX-003498: Categorical Exclusion Determination | Department of...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Categorical Exclusion Determination CX-003498: Categorical Exclusion Determination Oklahoma State Energy Program American Recovery and Reinvestment Act - Newman Memorial...

8

Nanoparticle shuttle memory  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A device for storing data using nanoparticle shuttle memory having a nanotube. The nanotube has a first end and a second end. A first electrode is electrically connected to the first end of the nanotube. A second electrode is electrically connected to the second end of the nanotube. The nanotube has an enclosed nanoparticle shuttle. A switched voltage source is electrically connected to the first electrode and the second electrode, whereby a voltage may be controllably applied across the nanotube. A resistance meter is also connected to the first electrode and the second electrode, whereby the electrical resistance across the nanotube can be determined.

Zettl, Alex Karlwalter (Kensington, CA)

2012-03-06T23:59:59.000Z

9

Rockingham County, New Hampshire: Energy Resources | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home5b9fcbce19 No revisionEnvReviewNonInvasiveExplorationUT-g Grant ofRichardton Abbey Wind Farm It is classified952°

10

Rockingham County, North Carolina: Energy Resources | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data CenterFranconia, Virginia:FAQ < RAPID Jump to: navigation, searchVirginia BlueRiverwoods,Rock SamplingRockdale is a

11

Rockingham County, Virginia: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data CenterFranconia, Virginia:FAQ < RAPID Jump to: navigation, searchVirginia BlueRiverwoods,Rock SamplingRockdale is a5825919°,

12

Performing an allreduce operation using shared memory  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

Methods, apparatus, and products are disclosed for performing an allreduce operation using shared memory that include: receiving, by at least one of a plurality of processing cores on a compute node, an instruction to perform an allreduce operation; establishing, by the core that received the instruction, a job status object for specifying a plurality of shared memory allreduce work units, the plurality of shared memory allreduce work units together performing the allreduce operation on the compute node; determining, by an available core on the compute node, a next shared memory allreduce work unit in the job status object; and performing, by that available core on the compute node, that next shared memory allreduce work unit.

Archer, Charles J. (Rochester, MN); Dozsa, Gabor (Ardsley, NY); Ratterman, Joseph D. (Rochester, MN); Smith, Brian E. (Rochester, MN)

2012-04-17T23:59:59.000Z

13

Memory abstractions for parallel programming  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A memory abstraction is an abstraction layer between the program execution and the memory that provides a different "view" of a memory location depending on the execution context in which the memory access is made. Properly ...

Lee, I-Ting Angelina

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

14

Memory-mapped transactions  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Memory-mapped transactions combine the advantages of both memory mapping and transactions to provide a programming interface for concurrently accessing data on disk without explicit I/O or locking operations. This interface ...

Sukha, Jim

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

15

System and method for programmable bank selection for banked memory subsystems  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A programmable memory system and method for enabling one or more processor devices access to shared memory in a computing environment, the shared memory including one or more memory storage structures having addressable locations for storing data. The system comprises: one or more first logic devices associated with a respective one or more processor devices, each first logic device for receiving physical memory address signals and programmable for generating a respective memory storage structure select signal upon receipt of pre-determined address bit values at selected physical memory address bit locations; and, a second logic device responsive to each of the respective select signal for generating an address signal used for selecting a memory storage structure for processor access. The system thus enables each processor device of a computing environment memory storage access distributed across the one or more memory storage structures.

Blumrich, Matthias A. (Ridgefield, CT); Chen, Dong (Croton on Hudson, NY); Gara, Alan G. (Mount Kisco, NY); Giampapa, Mark E. (Irvington, NY); Hoenicke, Dirk (Seebruck-Seeon, DE); Ohmacht, Martin (Yorktown Heights, NY); Salapura, Valentina (Chappaqua, NY); Sugavanam, Krishnan (Mahopac, NY)

2010-09-07T23:59:59.000Z

16

Determining Memory Use | Argonne Leadership Computing Facility  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr MayAtmospheric Optical Depth7-1D: Vegetation Proposed Newcatalyst phasesData FilesShape, Density,TiO2(110). |Gas-phase Allinea DDT Core

17

Technology strategy for the semiconductor memory market  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Solid state memories are used in a variety of applications as data and code storages. A non-volatile memory is a memory that retains information when its power supply is off. Flash memory is a type of nonvolatile memory ...

Nakamura, Tomohiko

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

18

Low latency memory access and synchronization  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A low latency memory system access is provided in association with a weakly-ordered multiprocessor system. Bach processor in the multiprocessor shares resources, and each shared resource has an associated lock within a locking device that provides support for synchronization between the multiple processors in the multiprocessor and the orderly sharing of the resources. A processor only has permission to access a resource when it owns the lock associated with that resource, and an attempt by a processor to own a lock requires only a single load operation, rather than a traditional atomic load followed by store, such that the processor only performs a read operation and the hardware locking device performs a subsequent write operation rather than the processor. A simple prefetching for non-contiguous data structures is also disclosed. A memory line is redefined so that in addition to the normal physical memory data, every line includes a pointer that is large enough to point to any other line in the memory, wherein the pointers to determine which memory line to prefetch rather than some other predictive algorithm. This enables hardware to effectively prefetch memory access patterns that are non-contiguous, but repetitive.

Blumrich, Matthias A. (Ridgefield, CT); Chen, Dong (Croton On Hudson, NY); Coteus, Paul W. (Yorktown Heights, NY); Gara, Alan G. (Mount Kisco, NY); Giampapa, Mark E. (Irvington, NY); Heidelberger, Philip (Cortlandt Manor, NY); Hoenicke, Dirk (Ossining, NY); Ohmacht, Martin (Brewster, NY); Steinmacher-Burow, Burkhard D. (Mount Kisco, NY); Takken, Todd E. (Mount Kisco, NY), Vranas; Pavlos M. (Bedford Hills, NY)

2010-10-19T23:59:59.000Z

19

Low latency memory access and synchronization  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A low latency memory system access is provided in association with a weakly-ordered multiprocessor system. Each processor in the multiprocessor shares resources, and each shared resource has an associated lock within a locking device that provides support for synchronization between the multiple processors in the multiprocessor and the orderly sharing of the resources. A processor only has permission to access a resource when it owns the lock associated with that resource, and an attempt by a processor to own a lock requires only a single load operation, rather than a traditional atomic load followed by store, such that the processor only performs a read operation and the hardware locking device performs a subsequent write operation rather than the processor. A simple prefetching for non-contiguous data structures is also disclosed. A memory line is redefined so that in addition to the normal physical memory data, every line includes a pointer that is large enough to point to any other line in the memory, wherein the pointers to determine which memory line to prefetch rather than some other predictive algorithm. This enables hardware to effectively prefetch memory access patterns that are non-contiguous, but repetitive.

Blumrich, Matthias A. (Ridgefield, CT); Chen, Dong (Croton On Hudson, NY); Coteus, Paul W. (Yorktown Heights, NY); Gara, Alan G. (Mount Kisco, NY); Giampapa, Mark E. (Irvington, NY); Heidelberger, Philip (Cortlandt Manor, NY); Hoenicke, Dirk (Ossining, NY); Ohmacht, Martin (Brewster, NY); Steinmacher-Burow, Burkhard D. (Mount Kisco, NY); Takken, Todd E. (Mount Kisco, NY); Vranas, Pavlos M. (Bedford Hills, NY)

2007-02-06T23:59:59.000Z

20

Computer memory management system  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A computer memory management system utilizing a memory structure system of "intelligent" pointers in which information related to the use status of the memory structure is designed into the pointer. Through this pointer system, The present invention provides essentially automatic memory management (often referred to as garbage collection) by allowing relationships between objects to have definite memory management behavior by use of coding protocol which describes when relationships should be maintained and when the relationships should be broken. In one aspect, the present invention system allows automatic breaking of strong links to facilitate object garbage collection, coupled with relationship adjectives which define deletion of associated objects. In another aspect, The present invention includes simple-to-use infinite undo/redo functionality in that it has the capability, through a simple function call, to undo all of the changes made to a data model since the previous `valid state` was noted.

Kirk, III, Whitson John (Greenwood, MO)

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "determination rockingham memorial" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


21

Device Memories and Matrix Multiplication 1 Device Memories  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

the same location. The GeForce 9400M has 65,536 bytes of constant memory, the total amount of global memory is 254 MBytes. The Tesla C2050/C2070 has 65,536 bytes of constant memory, the total amount of global memory, the total amount of global memory is 4,800 MBytes (5,032,706,048 bytes) with 1

Verschelde, Jan

22

Mondriaan memory protection  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Reliability and security are quickly becoming users' biggest concern due to the increasing reliance on computers in all areas of society. Hardware-enforced, fine-grained memory protection can increase the reliability and ...

Witchel, Emmett Jethro, 1970-

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

23

Efficient Memory Shadowing for 64-bit Architectures  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Shadow memory is used by dynamic program analysis tools to store metadata for tracking properties of application memory. The efficiency of mapping between application memory and shadow memory has substantial impact on the ...

Zhao, Qin

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

24

Cache Memories ALAN JAY SMITH  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Cache Memories ALAN JAY SMITH Unwersity of California, Berkeley, Californm 94720 Cache memories 1982 #12;474 * A. J. Smith CONTENTS INTRODUCTION Definltlonand Rationale Overwew of Cache Deslgn Cache

Lee, Hsien-Hsin "Sean"

25

Memorial to James Allan Bennyhoff  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

REFERENCES Anonymous 1993 James Allan Bennyhoff. Society forMemorial to James Allan Bennyhoff (January 3, 1926 - August

Hughes, Richard E

1994-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

26

Global aspects of radiation memory  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Gravitational radiation has a memory effect represented by a net change in the relative positions of test particles. Both the linear and nonlinear sources proposed for this radiation memory are of the "electric" type, or E mode, as characterized by the even parity of the polarization pattern. Although "magnetic" type, or B mode, radiation memory is mathematically possible, no physically realistic source has been identified. There is an electromagnetic counterpart to radiation memory in which the velocity of charged particles obtain a net "kick". Again, the physically realistic sources of electromagnetic radiation memory that have been identified are of the electric type. In this paper, a global null cone description of the electromagnetic field is applied to establish the non-existence of B mode radiation memory and the non-existence of E mode radiation memory due to a bound charge distribution.

J. Winicour

2014-10-11T23:59:59.000Z

27

TED KYCIA MEMORIAL SYMPOSIUM.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

On the afternoon of May 19 2000, a Memorial Seminar was held in the BNL physics Large Seminar Room to honor the memory of Ted Kyeia, a prominent particle physicist who had been a member of the BNL staff for 40 years. Although it was understandably a somewhat sad occasion because Ted was no longer with us, nevertheless there was much for his colleagues and friends to celebrate in recalling the outstanding contributions that he had made in those four decades. The Seminar speakers were all people who had worked with Ted during that period; each discussed one aspect of his career, but also included anecdotes and personal reminiscences. This booklet contains the Seminar program, listing the speakers, and also copies of transparencies of the talks (and one paper which was a later expansion of a talk); sadly, not all of the personal remarks appeared on the transparencies.

LITTENBERG, L.; RUBINSTEIN, R.; SAMIOS, N.; LI, K.; GIACOMELLI, G.; MOCKETT, P.; CARROLL, A.; JOHNSON, R.; BRYMAN, D.; TIPPENS, B.

2000-05-19T23:59:59.000Z

28

The memory glasses : wearable computing for just-in-time memory support  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This thesis documents a body of wearable computing research surrounding the development of the Memory Glasses, a new type of proactive memory support technology. The Memory Glasses combines features of existing memory ...

DeVaul, Richard W. (Richard Wayne), 1971-

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

29

Gifts in Memory of LEHIGH UNIVERSITY 1 Anonymous, in memory of  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. Brown, in memory of Lawrence J. Varnerin, Jr. '91P R. N. Brummer, in memory of James W. Niemeyer '43 '68. Campbell, in memory of Gerald G. Leeman '71P '10GP Michael J. Caruso '67, in memory of Gerald G. Leeman '71, in memory of James E. Schierloh '51 Martin D. Cohen, in memory of Gerald G. Leeman '71P '10GP Kathleen

Gilchrist, James F.

30

Memory Considerations for Carver  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May JunDatastreamsmmcrcalgovInstrumentsrucLas Conchas recovery challenge fund LasDubeyChallenge Melrose named topMemorial

31

Building Memories: Remembering and Forgetting of  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Building Memories: Remembering and Forgetting of Verbal Experiences as Predicted by Brain Activity R. Rosen, Randy L. Buckner A fundamental question about human memory is why some experiences

Wagner, Anthony

32

Memory distortion: an adaptive perspective  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

concerning factors that can influence the occurrence of memory distortions, such as sleep and retrieval kinds of errors and distortions. Studies of memory distortion have a long history in both theoretical narrative that becomes our autobiography. In the process of reconstructing the past, we color and shape our

Schacter, Daniel

33

Effects of Transcranial Direct Current Stimulation (tDCS) on Human Memory.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Training a person in a new knowledge base or skill set is extremely time consuming and costly, particularly in highly specialized domains such as the military and the intelligence community. Recent research in cognitive neuroscience has suggested that a technique called transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS) has the potential to revolutionize training by enabling learners to acquire new skills faster, more efficiently, and more robustly (Bullard et al., 2011). In this project, we tested the effects of tDCS on two types of memory performance that are critical for learning new skills: associative memory and working memory. Associative memory is memory for the relationship between two items or events. It forms the foundation of all episodic memories, so enhancing associative memory could provide substantial benefits to the speed and robustness of learning new information. We tested the effects of tDCS on associative memory, using a real-world associative memory task: remembering the links between faces and names. Working memory refers to the amount of information that can be held in mind and processed at one time, and it forms the basis for all higher-level cognitive processing. We investigated the degree of transfer between various working memory tasks (the N-back task as a measure of verbal working memory, the rotation-span task as a measure of visuospatial working memory, and Raven's progressive matrices as a measure of fluid intelligence) in order to determine if tDCS-induced facilitation of performance is task-specific or general.

Matzen, Laura E.; Trumbo, Michael Christopher Stefan

2014-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

34

Efficient Virtual Memory for Big Memory Servers Our analysis shows that many "big-memory" server workloads,  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

-memory" server workloads, such as databases, in-memory caches, and graph analytics, pay a high cost for page introduced [13]. In contrast, virtual memory usage has changed dramatically in recent years. For example-negligible energy [5, 41] To reevaluate the cost and benefit of decades-old page-based vir- tual memory in today

Hill, Mark D.

35

Reinforcement Learning for Active Length Control and Hysteresis Characterization of Shape Memory Alloys  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Shape Memory Alloy actuators can be used for morphing, or shape change, by controlling their temperature, which is effectively done by applying a voltage difference across their length. Control of these actuators requires determination...

Kirkpatrick, Kenton C.

2010-01-16T23:59:59.000Z

36

External-Memory Computational Geometry  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

the rst known optimal al- gorithms for a wide range of two-level and hierarchical multilevel memory models, including parallel models. The algorithms are optimal both in terms of I/O cost and internal computation....

Goodrich, Michael T.; Tsay, Jyh-Jong; Vengroff, Darren Erik; Vitter, Jeffrey Scott

1993-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

37

Effect of memory access and caching on high performance computing.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??High-performance computing is often limited by memory access. As speeds increase, processors are often waiting on data transfers to and from memory. Classic memory controllers (more)

Groening, James

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

38

Remote direct memory access  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

Methods, parallel computers, and computer program products are disclosed for remote direct memory access. Embodiments include transmitting, from an origin DMA engine on an origin compute node to a plurality target DMA engines on target compute nodes, a request to send message, the request to send message specifying a data to be transferred from the origin DMA engine to data storage on each target compute node; receiving, by each target DMA engine on each target compute node, the request to send message; preparing, by each target DMA engine, to store data according to the data storage reference and the data length, including assigning a base storage address for the data storage reference; sending, by one or more of the target DMA engines, an acknowledgment message acknowledging that all the target DMA engines are prepared to receive a data transmission from the origin DMA engine; receiving, by the origin DMA engine, the acknowledgement message from the one or more of the target DMA engines; and transferring, by the origin DMA engine, data to data storage on each of the target compute nodes according to the data storage reference using a single direct put operation.

Archer, Charles J.; Blocksome, Michael A.

2012-12-11T23:59:59.000Z

39

Energy Efficient Memory Speculation With Memory Latency Tolerance Supporting Sequential Consistency Without A Coherence Protocol  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

117, Sept. 2006. [35] Derek Hower. Acoherent shared memory.memory consistency models. Derek Hower [35] pro- posed the

Munday, David Alexander

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

40

acquired immunologic memory: Topics by E-print Network  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

and investigates urinary metabolomic biomarkers (more) Skappak, Christopher Dustin 163 Memory traces of trace memories: neurogenesis, synaptogenesis and Biology and...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "determination rockingham memorial" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


41

American Journal of Medical Genetics (Neuropsychiatric Genetics) 114:609615 (2002) Spatial Working Memory Deficits in Schizophrenia  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Memory Deficits in Schizophrenia Patients and Their First Degree Relatives From Palau, Micronesia Marina the Republic of Palau to determine whether the spatial working memory deficits associated with schizophre- nia extend to this non-Caucasian population. Palau is an isolated island nation in Micro- nesia

Park, Sohee

42

Quantum memory for superconducting qubits  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Many protocols for quantum computation require a memory element to store qubits. We discuss the speed and accuracy with which quantum states prepared in a superconducting qubit can be stored in and later retrieved from an attached high-Q resonator. The memory fidelity depends on both the qubit-resonator coupling strength and the location of the state on the Bloch sphere. Our results show that a quantum memory demonstration should be possible with existing superconducting qubit designs, which would be an important milestone in solid-state quantum information processing. Although we specifically focus on a large-area, current-biased Josesphson-junction phase qubit coupled to the dilatational mode of a piezoelectric nanoelectromechanical disk resonator, many of our results will apply to other qubit-oscillator models.

Pritchett, Emily J.; Geller, Michael R. [Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of Georgia, Athens, Georgia 30602-2451 (United States)

2005-07-15T23:59:59.000Z

43

THE HEART OF CAMPUS Memorial Union Building  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

THE HEART OF CAMPUS Memorial Union Building University of New Hampshire 83 Main Street Durham, NH The Memorial Union Building is "The Heart of Campus" and serves as the official New Hampshire State War

New Hampshire, University of

44

Design of Ferromagnetic Shape Memory Alloy Composites  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, superelasticity, bending plate, coil spring. INTRODUCTION RECENTLY, FERROMAGNETIC SHAPE memory alloys (FSMAs torque actuator (bending of FSMA composite plate) and spring actuator (torsion of helical FSMA composite spring). KEY WORDS: shape memory alloy, ferromagnetic material, stress-induced martensite transformation

Taya, Minoru

45

Program Transformations in Weak Memory Models  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We analyse the validity of common optimisations on multi-threaded programs in two memory modelsthe DRF guarantee and the Java Memory Model. Unlike in the single-threaded world, even simple program transformations, such ...

Sevcik, Jaroslav

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

46

Exploring the interaction between working memory and long-term memory: Evidence for the workspace model  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

There is a large range of models of working memory, each with different scopes and emphases. Current interest focuses strongly on the interaction of working memory with long-term memory, as it has become clear that models of working memory alone...

van der Meulen, Marian

47

A study of analog memories  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A STUDY OF ANALOG MEMORIES A Thesis by JOSEPH MICHAEL OTT Submitted to the Graduate College of Texas A&M University in partial fulfillment of the requirements tor the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE August 1983 Major Subject: Electrical... Fngineering A STUDY OF ANALOG MEMORIES A Thesis JOSEPH MZCHAEL OTT Approved as to style and content by: P. E. Allen (Chairman of Committee) N. R. Strader (Member) W. M. Lxvely (Member) W. B. Jones (Head of Department) August 1983 , 0 AS STRA C...

Ott, Joseph Michael

1983-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

48

Memory Usage Considerations on Edison  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May JunDatastreamsmmcrcalgovInstrumentsrucLas Conchas recovery challenge fund LasDubeyChallenge Melrose named topMemorialMemory

49

Government User Session Translation Memory TechnologyTranslation Memory Technology  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Rachael Richardson Tucker Maney Naval Research Laboratory Carol Van Ess-Dykema Susan Converse John S Requirements for Multi-Genre Translation · Motivations for TM Technology Assessment · Pilot Study · ResultsPoint slides, etc. #12;Government User Session Translation Memory Technology Assessment: Pilot Study Goals

Gupta, Kalyan Moy

50

Memory Optimization for Phase-field Simulations  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Phase-field simulations are computationally and memory intensive applications. Many of the phase-field simulations being conducted in support of NEAMS were not capable of running on normal clusters with 2-4GB of RAM per core, and instead required specialized big-memory clusters with 64GB per core. To address this issue, the MOOSE team developed a new Python-based utility called MemoryLogger, and applied it to locate, diagnose, and eradicate memory bottlenecks within the MOOSE framework. MemoryLogger allows for a better understanding of the memory usage of an application being run in parallel across a cluster. Memory usage information is captured for every individual process in a parallel job, and communicated to the head node of the cluster. Console text output from the application itself is automatically matched with this memory usage information to produce a detailed picture of memory usage over time, making it straightforward to identify the subroutines which contribute most to the applications peak memory usage. The information produced by the MemoryLogger quickly and effectively narrows the search for memory optimizations to the most data-intensive parts of the simulation.

Derek Gaston; John Peterson; Andrew Slaughter; Cody Permann; David Andrs

2014-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

51

Shape memory polymer foams for endovascular therapies  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A system for occluding a physical anomaly. One embodiment comprises a shape memory material body wherein the shape memory material body fits within the physical anomaly occluding the physical anomaly. The shape memory material body has a primary shape for occluding the physical anomaly and a secondary shape for being positioned in the physical anomaly.

Wilson, Thomas S. (Castro Valley, CA); Maitland, Duncan J. (Pleasant Hill, CA)

2012-03-13T23:59:59.000Z

52

Improving locality with dynamic memory allocation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

xii LIST OF FIGURES FIGURE Page 1 Object size distribution : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : 23 2 Memory distribution : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : 23 3 Example where traditional memory allocation does.... The faster, more This dissertation follows the style of ACM Special Interest Group on Programming Languages. 1In spite of a recent slowdown of the processor speed due to shrinking distances, power consumption and heat, memory bandwidth still does not keep up...

Jula, Alin Narcis

2009-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

53

Nanoscale Reversible Mass Transport for Archival Memory  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

years. The memory unit can be written to and read out using two-terminal electrical leads operated, allowing application as a nonvolatile memory element with potentially hundreds of memory states per device of Physics, PennsylVania State UniVersity, UniVersity Park, PennsylVania 16802 Received December 16, 2008

Yuzvinsky, Tom

54

Configurable memory system and method for providing atomic counting operations in a memory device  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A memory system and method for providing atomic memory-based counter operations to operating systems and applications that make most efficient use of counter-backing memory and virtual and physical address space, while simplifying operating system memory management, and enabling the counter-backing memory to be used for purposes other than counter-backing storage when desired. The encoding and address decoding enabled by the invention provides all this functionality through a combination of software and hardware.

Bellofatto, Ralph E. (Ridgefield, CT); Gara, Alan G. (Mount Kisco, NY); Giampapa, Mark E. (Irvington, NY); Ohmacht, Martin (Yorktown Heights, NY)

2010-09-14T23:59:59.000Z

55

Direct memory access transfer completion notification  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

Methods, compute nodes, and computer program products are provided for direct memory access (`DMA`) transfer completion notification. Embodiments include determining, by an origin DMA engine on an origin compute node, whether a data descriptor for an application message to be sent to a target compute node is currently in an injection first-in-first-out (`FIFO`) buffer in dependence upon a sequence number previously associated with the data descriptor, the total number of descriptors currently in the injection FIFO buffer, and the current sequence number for the newest data descriptor stored in the injection FIFO buffer; and notifying a processor core on the origin DMA engine that the message has been sent if the data descriptor for the message is not currently in the injection FIFO buffer.

Chen, Dong (Croton on Hudson, NY); Giampapa, Mark E. (Irvington, NY); Heidelberger, Philip (Cortlandt Manor, NY); Kumar, Sameer (White Plains, NY); Parker, Jeffrey J. (Rochester, MN); Steinmacher-Burow, Burkhard D. (Esslingen, DE); Vranas, Pavlos (Danville, CA)

2010-07-27T23:59:59.000Z

56

DETERMINATION OF THE RECOVERY STRESSES DEVELOPED BY SHAPE MEMORY ALLOYS  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

the Af temperature where V htp = 1. ( iii ) For temperat urehigh temperat~re phase (htp). During reversion, the specimenduring the martensite ~ htp tran sformation upon heating.

Mohamed, H.A.

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

57

Effects of Labels on Perception and its Relation to Visual Working Memory, Implicit Beliefs, and Metacognitive Ability  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

working memory (VWM) ability, implicit beliefs, and metacognitive ability influence a participants? use of labels during a similarity judgment task. Participants were given a task to determine similarity between human faces. They were also given a VWM task...

Hahn, Amanda 1989-

2011-04-21T23:59:59.000Z

58

Storage Techniques in Flash Memories and Phase-change Memories  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

advice on research, writing, and presentation. Without Andrew?s encouragement and help during the difficult times in my PhD study, this dissertation would not have been possible. I would like to thank Dr. Jennifer Welch, Dr. Jianer Chen, and Dr. Alex... . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4 1. Principles and Operations in Flash Memories . . . . . 4 a. Read Operation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5 b. Programming Operation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5 c. Erase Operation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6 d. Decreasing...

Li, Hao

2010-10-12T23:59:59.000Z

59

Three-dimensional theory of quantum memories based on {Lambda}-type atomic ensembles  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We develop a three-dimensional theory for quantum memories based on light storage in ensembles of {Lambda}-type atoms, where two long-lived atomic ground states are employed. We consider light storage in an ensemble of finite spatial extent and we show that within the paraxial approximation the Fresnel number of the atomic ensemble and the optical depth are the only important physical parameters determining the quality of the quantum memory. We analyze the influence of these parameters on the storage of light followed by either forward or backward read-out from the quantum memory. We show that for small Fresnel numbers the forward memory provides higher efficiencies, whereas for large Fresnel numbers the backward memory is advantageous. The optimal light modes to store in the memory are presented together with the corresponding spin waves and outcoming light modes. We show that for high optical depths such {Lambda}-type atomic ensembles allow for highly efficient backward and forward memories even for small Fresnel numbers F(greater-or-similar sign)0.1.

Zeuthen, Emil; Grodecka-Grad, Anna; Soerensen, Anders S. [QUANTOP, Danish National Research Foundation Center for Quantum Optics, Niels Bohr Institute, University of Copenhagen, DK-2100 Copenhagen O (Denmark)

2011-10-15T23:59:59.000Z

60

Memorial Day | Department of Energy  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious RankCombustion | Department of EnergyDevelopmentTechnologies |Charles Page -to DOE re5,Memorial Day

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "determination rockingham memorial" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


61

Distributed Approaches for Determination of Reconfiguration Algorithm Termination  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Distributed Approaches for Determination of Reconfiguration Algorithm Termination Pinak Tulpule architecture was used as globally shared memory structure for detection of algorithm termination. This paper of algorithm termination. Keywords--autonomous agent-based reconfiguration, dis- tributed algorithms, shipboard

Lai, Hong-jian

62

Attachment and memory for negative emotional events  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Control of Emotions on Explicit Memory. . . . . . Interaction of Anxiety X EEQ Positive Affect on Explicit Memory. . 50 51 51 Mediation Model 52 Interaction of Anxiety X Video Mood on Explicit Memory 52 Interaction of Avoidance X Sex on Imphcit... monitored their responses to the video content through a hidden camera in the laboratory room. The video clip, which came from the Swedish film Autumn Sonata directed by Ingmar Bergman, was selected on the basis of its negative, attachment-relevant content...

Wilson, Carol Leigh

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

63

Raman scheme for adjustable-bandwidth quantum memory  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We propose a scenario of quantum memory for light based on Raman scattering. The storage medium is a vapor and the different spectral components of the input pulse are stored in different atomic velocity classes. One uses appropriate pulses to reverse the resulting Doppler phase shift and to regenerate the input pulse, without distortion, in the backward direction. The different stages of the protocol are detailed and the recovery efficiency is calculated in the semiclassical picture. Since the memory bandwidth is determined by the Raman transition Doppler width, it can be adjusted by changing the angle between the input pulse wave vector and the control beams. The optical depth also depends on the beam angle. As a consequence the available optical depth can be optimized depending on the needed bandwidth. The predicted recovery efficiency is close to 100% for large optical depth.

Le Goueet, J.-L.; Berman, P. R. [Laboratoire Aime Cotton, CNRS UPR3321, Universite Paris Sud, Batiment 505, Campus Universitaire, 91405 Orsay (France); Department of Physics and Michigan Center for Theoretical Physics, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Michigan 48109-1040 (United States)

2009-07-15T23:59:59.000Z

64

Video Stores, Media Technologies, and Memory  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

a collection entitled Mobile Technology & Place (Routledge,Identity, in Mobile Technologies: From Telecommunicationsin an essay on mobile media technologies and memory, Nicola

Wilken, Rowan

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

65

Immunological Memory is Associative Derek J. Smith  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Immunological Memory is Associative Derek J. Smith Department of Computer Science University of New , 1989; Nara & Goudsmit, 1990; Smith, 1994). Immunologists refer to associative recall as a cross

Somayaji, Anil

66

Shape memory response of ni2mnga and nimncoin magnetic shape memory alloys under compression  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In this study, the shape memory response of Ni2MnGa and NiMnCoIn magnetic shape memory alloys was observed under compressive stresses. Ni2MnGa is a magnetic shape memory alloy (MSMA) that has been shown to exhibit fully reversible, stressassisted...

Brewer, Andrew Lee

2009-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

67

Energy Efficient Phase Change Memory Based Main Memory for Future High Performance Systems  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

hybrid system using a commodity DRAM cache. Keywords-Memory Controller, DRAM, PCM, Energy I. INTRODUCTIONEnergy Efficient Phase Change Memory Based Main Memory for Future High Performance Systems Abstract system of similar storage size. Our proposed system is highly energy efficient and provides 35

Conte, Thomas M.

68

Grain constraint and size effects in shape memory alloy microwires  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Shape memory alloys exhibit interesting and useful properties, such as the shape memory effect and superelasticity. Among the many alloy families that have been shown to exhibit shape memory properties the ones based on ...

Ueland, Stian Melhus

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

69

Cu-based shape memory microwires : towards complex structures  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Shape memory alloys are a distinctive type of material that exhibits the fascinating properties of the shape memory effect and superelasticity. Shape memory properties are characterized by the diffusionless phase transformation ...

Gager, Mac (Brian McClure, Jr.)

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

70

Using on-package memory  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May JunDatastreamsmmcrcalgovInstrumentsrucLasDelivered energy consumption by sectorlongUpdates byUser GuideHadoopUsingon-package memory

71

Extra-Large Memory Nodes  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May JunDatastreamsmmcrcalgovInstrumentsruc DocumentationP-Series toESnet4:Epitaxial Thin FilmEquipment SSRLExploringExtra-Large Memory

72

Earthquake 'memory' could spur aftershocks  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr MayAtmospheric Optical Depth7-1D: Vegetation Proposed NewcatalystNeutronEnvironmentZIRKLE FRUIT reducesEarlyEarthquake 'memory' could spur

73

Measuring and Understanding Memory Bandwidth  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May JunDatastreamsmmcrcalgovInstrumentsrucLas Conchas recovery challenge fund LasDubey MathematicaMeasuring and Understanding Memory

74

Memory Usage Considerations on Hopper  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May JunDatastreamsmmcrcalgovInstrumentsrucLas Conchas recovery challenge fund LasDubeyChallenge Melrose namedMemory Considerations

75

Generation-based memory synchronization in a multiprocessor system with weakly consistent memory accesses  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

In a multiprocessor system, a central memory synchronization module coordinates memory synchronization requests responsive to memory access requests in flight, a generation counter, and a reclaim pointer. The central module communicates via point-to-point communication. The module includes a global OR reduce tree for each memory access requesting device, for detecting memory access requests in flight. An interface unit is implemented associated with each processor requesting synchronization. The interface unit includes multiple generation completion detectors. The generation count and reclaim pointer do not pass one another.

Ohmacht, Martin

2014-09-09T23:59:59.000Z

76

Modesto Memorial Hospital Space Heating Low Temperature Geothermal...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Memorial Hospital Space Heating Low Temperature Geothermal Facility Jump to: navigation, search Name Modesto Memorial Hospital Space Heating Low Temperature Geothermal Facility...

77

associative memory models: Topics by E-print Network  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

David 1971-01-01 2 COMPLEX ASSOCIATIVE MEMORY NEURAL NETWORK MODEL FOR INVARIANT PATTERN RECOGNITION Engineering Websites Summary: COMPLEX ASSOCIATIVE MEMORY NEURAL...

78

associative memory model: Topics by E-print Network  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

David 1971-01-01 2 COMPLEX ASSOCIATIVE MEMORY NEURAL NETWORK MODEL FOR INVARIANT PATTERN RECOGNITION Engineering Websites Summary: COMPLEX ASSOCIATIVE MEMORY NEURAL...

79

Online Data Structures in External Memory  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

/output communication (or I/O) between the external and internal memories. In this paper we discuss a variety of online data structures for external memory, some very old and some very new, such as hashing (for dictionaries), B-trees (for dictionaries and 1-D range...

Vitter, Jeffrey Scott

1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

80

Memory and Reality Marcia K. Johnson  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Memory and Reality Marcia K. Johnson Yale University Although it may be disconcerting guilty that we didn't save any for my father (Johnson, 1985). When I finished, my parents laughed in reality monitoring, or a false memory (Johnson, 1977, 1988; Johnson & Raye, 1981, 1998). Of course, people

Johnson, Marcia K.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "determination rockingham memorial" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


81

Synaptic plasticity and memory Richard Kempter  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Synaptic plasticity and memory Richard Kempter 1,2,3 & Dietmar Schmitz 2,3 1 Institute in the central nervous system. In its most general form, the "synaptic plasticity and memory hypothesis" states, and that synaptic plasticity is both necessary and sufficient for the storage of information underlying

Kempter, Richard

82

Tier identification (TID) for tiered memory characteristics  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A tier identification (TID) is to indicate a characteristic of a memory region associated with a virtual address in a tiered memory system. A thread may be serviced according to a first path based on the TID indicating a first characteristic. The thread may be serviced according to a second path based on the TID indicating a second characteristic.

Chang, Jichuan; Lim, Kevin T; Ranganathan, Parthasarathy

2014-03-25T23:59:59.000Z

83

Performance evaluation of NUMA and COMA distributed shared-memory multiprocessors  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Memory architecture is an important component in a distributed shared-memory parallel computer. This thesis studies three shared-memory architectures-Non-Uniform Memory Access (NUMA) with full-mapped directories, Cache-Only Memory Architecture (COMA...

Holzrichter, Michael Warren

1995-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

84

Temperature and electrical memory of polymer fibers  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We report in this work studies of the shape memory behavior of polymer fibers loaded with carbon nanotubes or graphene flakes. These materials exhibit enhanced shape memory properties with the generation of a giant stress upon shape recovery. In addition, they exhibit a surprising temperature memory with a peak of generated stress at a temperature nearly equal to the temperature of programming. This temperature memory is ascribed to the presence of dynamical heterogeneities and to the intrinsic broadness of the glass transition. We present recent experiments related to observables other than mechanical properties. In particular nanocomposite fibers exhibit variations of electrical conductivity with an accurate memory. Indeed, the rate of conductivity variations during temperature changes reaches a well defined maximum at a temperature equal to the temperature of programming. Such materials are promising for future actuators that couple dimensional changes with sensing electronic functionalities.

Yuan, Jinkai; Zakri, Ccile; Grillard, Fabienne; Neri, Wilfrid; Poulin, Philippe [Centre de Recherche Paul Pascal - CNRS, University of Bordeaux, Avenue Schweitzer, 33600 Pessac (France)

2014-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

85

Adiabatic Quantum Optimization for Associative Memory Recall  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Hopfield networks are a variant of associative memory that recall information stored in the couplings of an Ising model. Stored memories are fixed points for the network dynamics that correspond to energetic minima of the spin state. We formulate the recall of memories stored in a Hopfield network using energy minimization by adiabatic quantum optimization (AQO). Numerical simulations of the quantum dynamics allow us to quantify the AQO recall accuracy with respect to the number of stored memories and the noise in the input key. We also investigate AQO performance with respect to how memories are stored in the Ising model using different learning rules. Our results indicate that AQO performance varies strongly with learning rule due to the changes in the energy landscape. Consequently, learning rules offer indirect methods for investigating change to the computational complexity of the recall task and the computational efficiency of AQO.

Hadayat Seddiqi; Travis S. Humble

2014-12-12T23:59:59.000Z

86

Administering an epoch initiated for remote memory access  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

Methods, systems, and products are disclosed for administering an epoch initiated for remote memory access that include: initiating, by an origin application messaging module on an origin compute node, one or more data transfers to a target compute node for the epoch; initiating, by the origin application messaging module after initiating the data transfers, a closing stage for the epoch, including rejecting any new data transfers after initiating the closing stage for the epoch; determining, by the origin application messaging module, whether the data transfers have completed; and closing, by the origin application messaging module, the epoch if the data transfers have completed.

Blocksome, Michael A; Miller, Douglas R

2014-03-18T23:59:59.000Z

87

Administering an epoch initiated for remote memory access  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

Methods, systems, and products are disclosed for administering an epoch initiated for remote memory access that include: initiating, by an origin application messaging module on an origin compute node, one or more data transfers to a target compute node for the epoch; initiating, by the origin application messaging module after initiating the data transfers, a closing stage for the epoch, including rejecting any new data transfers after initiating the closing stage for the epoch; determining, by the origin application messaging module, whether the data transfers have completed; and closing, by the origin application messaging module, the epoch if the data transfers have completed.

Blocksome, Michael A.; Miller, Douglas R.

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

88

Row Buffer Locality Aware Caching Policies for Hybrid Memories  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

strengths A hybrid memory system (DRAM-PCM) aims for best of both Problem: How to place data between static energy (no refresh) 6 DRAM PCM CPU MC MC #12;Hybrid Memory Design direction: DRAM as a cache memory devices? 8 DRAM PCM CPU MC MC #12;Outline Background: Hybrid Memory Systems Motivation: Row

89

Learning, Memory, and Education Lessons for the Classroom  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Learning, Memory, and Education Lessons for the Classroom Michael A. Yassa, M.A. Ph.D. Candidate memory? How can we optimize individual learning? How do lessons from memory apply to the classroom? Brain individual learning? How do lessons from memory apply to the classroom? Brain-based learning: fact or fiction

Rose, Michael R.

90

Automatic Memory Partitioning and Scheduling for Throughput and Power Optimization  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

- matic memory partitioning technique which can efficiently improve throughput and reduce energy to tackle this problem is to increase memory ports in the final memory imple- mentations. However, recent research in [16] shows that the size of memory cells increases almost quadratically with port number N

Cong, Jason "Jingsheng"

91

Non-volatile memory for checkpoint storage  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A system, method and computer program product for supporting system initiated checkpoints in high performance parallel computing systems and storing of checkpoint data to a non-volatile memory storage device. The system and method generates selective control signals to perform checkpointing of system related data in presence of messaging activity associated with a user application running at the node. The checkpointing is initiated by the system such that checkpoint data of a plurality of network nodes may be obtained even in the presence of user applications running on highly parallel computers that include ongoing user messaging activity. In one embodiment, the non-volatile memory is a pluggable flash memory card.

Blumrich, Matthias A.; Chen, Dong; Cipolla, Thomas M.; Coteus, Paul W.; Gara, Alan; Heidelberger, Philip; Jeanson, Mark J.; Kopcsay, Gerard V.; Ohmacht, Martin; Takken, Todd E.

2014-07-22T23:59:59.000Z

92

Direct access inter-process shared memory  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A technique for directly sharing physical memory between processes executing on processor cores is described. The technique includes loading a plurality of processes into the physical memory for execution on a corresponding plurality of processor cores sharing the physical memory. An address space is mapped to each of the processes by populating a first entry in a top level virtual address table for each of the processes. The address space of each of the processes is cross-mapped into each of the processes by populating one or more subsequent entries of the top level virtual address table with the first entry in the top level virtual address table from other processes.

Brightwell, Ronald B; Pedretti, Kevin; Hudson, Trammell B

2013-10-22T23:59:59.000Z

93

Securing non-volatile memory regions  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

Methods, apparatus and articles of manufacture to secure non-volatile memory regions are disclosed. An example method disclosed herein comprises associating a first key pair and a second key pair different than the first key pair with a process, using the first key pair to secure a first region of a non-volatile memory for the process, and using the second key pair to secure a second region of the non-volatile memory for the same process, the second region being different than the first region.

Faraboschi, Paolo; Ranganathan, Parthasarathy; Muralimanohar, Naveen

2013-08-20T23:59:59.000Z

94

Data-driven Techniques to Estimate Parameters in the Homogenized Energy Model for Shape Memory Alloys  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, ferroelectric, and ferromagnetic materials. The energy origin of the model was originally investigated for SMA]. The original mod- els determined the equilibrium phase using the Gibbs energy to predict the mesoscopic (orData-driven Techniques to Estimate Parameters in the Homogenized Energy Model for Shape Memory

95

Energy-Performance Trade-offs for Spatial Access Methods on Memory-Resident Data  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Energy-Performance Trade-offs for Spatial Access Methods on Memory-Resident Data Ning An Sudhanva-force approach that does not use an index. The results show that there are both performance and energy trade also play an important role in determining the energy-performance trade-offs. Further, technological

Gurumurthi, Sudhanva

96

Funes the Memorious by Jorge Luis Borges  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Funes, who, after falling off his horse and receiving a bad head injury, acquired the amazing talent on the morning of April 30, 1882, and he could compare them in his memory with the veins in the marbled binding

97

Engineer Nanocrystal Floating Gate Memory Scaling  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

flash memory [2-9]. Metal silicide NCs, with high density ofsemiconductors [14], metal, metallic silicide and metal-like2, 3], metal [4, 5], metallic silicide [6, 7, 8], core-shell

Ren, Jingjian

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

98

Size Effects in Ferromagnetic Shape Memory Alloys  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

effects in these mechanisms has both scientific and technological relevance. Superelastic behavior of Ni54Fe19Ga27 shape memory alloy single crystalline pillars was studied under compression as a function of pillar diameter. Multiple pillars...

Ozdemir, Nevin

2012-07-16T23:59:59.000Z

99

Painted Ponies: Essays on Memory and Loss  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This collection explores the spiral nature of memory as it examines the way loss and one's reactions to loss repeat themselves in new guises and new contexts. Interspersing poetry with essays of memoir, Klayder examines ...

Klayder, Mary

2008-12-30T23:59:59.000Z

100

Robust exponential memory in Hopfield networks  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The Hopfield recurrent neural network is an auto-associative distributed model of memory. This architecture is able to store collections of generic binary patterns as robust attractors; i.e., fixed-points of the network dynamics having large basins of attraction. However, the number of (randomly generated) storable memories scales at most linearly in the number of neurons, and it has been a long-standing question whether robust super-polynomial storage is possible in recurrent networks of linear threshold elements. Here, we design sparsely-connected Hopfield networks on $n$-nodes having \\[\\frac{2^{\\sqrt{2n} + \\frac{1}{4}}}{n^{1/4} \\sqrt{\\pi}}\\] graph cliques as robust memories by analytically minimizing the probability flow objective function over these patterns. Our methods also provide a biologically plausible convex learning algorithm that efficiently discovers these networks from training on very few sample memories.

Christopher Hillar; Ngoc M. Tran

2014-11-17T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "determination rockingham memorial" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


101

Orthopaedic applications of ferromagnetic shape memory alloys  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Ferromagnetic shape memory alloys (FSMAs) are a new class of magnetic field-actuated active materials with no current commercial applications. By applying a magnetic field of around 0.4 T, they can exert a stress of ...

Guo, Weimin, M. Eng. Massachusetts Institute of Technology

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

102

Video Stores, Media Technologies, and Memory  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

both for analogue and digital media (e.g. , memory loss duefrom all forms of digital media usage (broadband downloadingin relation to digital media is signal compression and audio

Wilken, Rowan

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

103

ACOHERENT SHARED MEMORY Derek R. Hower  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

ACOHERENT SHARED MEMORY by Derek R. Hower A dissertation submitted in partial fulfillment. Hower 2012 All Rights Reserved #12;i Abstract The computer industry has entered an era where energy

Hill, Mark D.

104

Aggressive children's memory for attachment relevant information  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This study examined a measure of children's memory for information from a story about a hypothetical mother and child, the Story Task, as a potential tool to delineate subtypes of aggressive children based on the pattern of information processing...

Collie, Claire Futamase

2004-09-30T23:59:59.000Z

105

Distributed trace using central performance counter memory  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A plurality of processing cores, are central storage unit having at least memory connected in a daisy chain manner, forming a daisy chain ring layout on an integrated chip. At least one of the plurality of processing cores places trace data on the daisy chain connection for transmitting the trace data to the central storage unit, and the central storage unit detects the trace data and stores the trace data in the memory co-located in with the central storage unit.

Satterfield, David L; Sexton, James C

2013-10-22T23:59:59.000Z

106

Distributed trace using central performance counter memory  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A plurality of processing cores, are central storage unit having at least memory connected in a daisy chain manner, forming a daisy chain ring layout on an integrated chip. At least one of the plurality of processing cores places trace data on the daisy chain connection for transmitting the trace data to the central storage unit, and the central storage unit detects the trace data and stores the trace data in the memory co-located in with the central storage unit.

Satterfield, David L.; Sexton, James C.

2013-01-22T23:59:59.000Z

107

Associative memory in phasing neuron networks  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We studied pattern formation in a network of coupled Hindmarsh-Rose model neurons and introduced a new model for associative memory retrieval using networks of Kuramoto oscillators. Hindmarsh-Rose Neural Networks can exhibit a rich set of collective dynamics that can be controlled by their connectivity. Specifically, we showed an instance of Hebb's rule where spiking was correlated with network topology. Based on this, we presented a simple model of associative memory in coupled phase oscillators.

Nair, Niketh S [ORNL; Bochove, Erik J. [United States Air Force Research Laboratory, Kirtland Air Force Base; Braiman, Yehuda [ORNL

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

108

Post polymerization cure shape memory polymers  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

This invention relates to chemical polymer compositions, methods of synthesis, and fabrication methods for devices regarding polymers capable of displaying shape memory behavior (SMPs) and which can first be polymerized to a linear or branched polymeric structure, having thermoplastic properties, subsequently processed into a device through processes typical of polymer melts, solutions, and dispersions and then crossed linked to a shape memory thermoset polymer retaining the processed shape.

Wilson, Thomas S; Hearon, Michael Keith; Bearinger, Jane P

2014-11-11T23:59:59.000Z

109

Evaluating operating system vulnerability to memory errors.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Reliability is of great concern to the scalability of extreme-scale systems. Of particular concern are soft errors in main memory, which are a leading cause of failures on current systems and are predicted to be the leading cause on future systems. While great effort has gone into designing algorithms and applications that can continue to make progress in the presence of these errors without restarting, the most critical software running on a node, the operating system (OS), is currently left relatively unprotected. OS resiliency is of particular importance because, though this software typically represents a small footprint of a compute node's physical memory, recent studies show more memory errors in this region of memory than the remainder of the system. In this paper, we investigate the soft error vulnerability of two operating systems used in current and future high-performance computing systems: Kitten, the lightweight kernel developed at Sandia National Laboratories, and CLE, a high-performance Linux-based operating system developed by Cray. For each of these platforms, we outline major structures and subsystems that are vulnerable to soft errors and describe methods that could be used to reconstruct damaged state. Our results show the Kitten lightweight operating system may be an easier target to harden against memory errors due to its smaller memory footprint, largely deterministic state, and simpler system structure.

Ferreira, Kurt Brian; Bridges, Patrick G. (University of New Mexico); Pedretti, Kevin Thomas Tauke; Mueller, Frank (North Carolina State University); Fiala, David (North Carolina State University); Brightwell, Ronald Brian

2012-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

110

Missing working memory deficit in dyslexia: children writing from memory Erlijn van Genuchtena,b  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Missing working memory deficit in dyslexia: children writing from memory Erlijn van Genuchtena,b (e of writing processes of children with dyslexia, in order to examine the relationship between WM and writing. An experiment was used in which children with dyslexia, and chronological age-matched and reading age

Cheng, Peter

111

Characterizing Application Memory Error Vulnerability to Optimize Datacenter Cost via Heterogeneous-Reliability Memory  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Characterizing Application Memory Error Vulnerability to Optimize Datacenter Cost via Heterogeneous--Memory devices represent a key component of datacenter total cost of ownership (TCO), and techniques used, we make three main con- tributions to enable highly-reliable servers at low datacenter cost. First

Mutlu, Onur

112

Combining Distributed Memory and Shared Memory Parallelization for Data Mining Algorithms  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Combining Distributed Memory and Shared Memory Parallelization for Data Mining Algorithms Ruoming that are applicable to a number of common data mining algorithms. These techniques are incorpo- rated in a middleware-alone implementations of individual parallel data mining algorithms. Over- all, our work shows that a common framework

Jin, Ruoming

113

Memory device using movement of protons  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

An electrically written memory element is disclosed utilizing the motion of protons within a dielectric layer surrounded by layers on either side to confine the protons within the dielectric layer with electrode means attached to the surrounding layers to change the spatial position of the protons within the dielectric layer. The device is preferably constructed as a silicon-silicon dioxide-silicon layered structure with the protons being introduced to the structure laterally through the exposed edges of the silicon dioxide layer during a high temperature anneal in an atmosphere containing hydrogen gas. The device operates at low power, is preferably nonvolatile, is radiation tolerant, and is compatible with convention silicon MOS processing for integration with other microelectronic elements on the same silicon substrate. With the addition of an optically active layer, the memory element becomes an electrically written, optically read optical memory element. 19 figs.

Warren, W.L.; Vanheusden, K.J.R.; Fleetwood, D.M.; Devine, R.A.B.

1998-11-03T23:59:59.000Z

114

Hydrodynamical random walker with chemotactic memory  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A three-dimensional hydrodynamical model for a micro random walker is combined with the idea of chemotactic signaling network of E. coli. Diffusion exponents, orientational correlation functions and their dependence on the geometrical and dynamical parameters of the system are analyzed numerically. Because of the chemotactic memory, the walker shows superdiffusing displacements in all directions with the largest diffusion exponent for a direction along the food gradient. Mean square displacements and orientational correlation functions show that the chemotactic memory washes out all the signatures due to the geometrical asymmetry of the walker and statistical properties are asymmetric only with respect to the direction of food gradient. For different values of the memory time, the Chemotactic index (CI) is also calculated.

H. Mohammady; B. Esckandariun; A. Najafi

2014-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

115

Memory device using movement of protons  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

An electrically written memory element utilizing the motion of protons within a dielectric layer surrounded by layers on either side to confine the protons within the dielectric layer with electrode means attached to the surrounding layers to change the spatial position of the protons within the dielectric layer. The device is preferably constructed as a silicon-silicon dioxide-silicon layered structure with the protons being introduced to the structure laterally through the exposed edges of the silicon dioxide layer during a high temperature anneal in an atmosphere containing hydrogen gas. The device operates at low power, is preferably nonvolatile, is radiation tolerant, and is compatible with convention silicon MOS processing for integration with other microelectronic elements on the same silicon substrate. With the addition of an optically active layer, the memory element becomes an electrically written, optically read optical memory element.

Warren, William L. (Albuquerque, NM); Vanheusden, Karel J. R. (Albuquerque, NM); Fleetwood, Daniel M. (Albuquerque, NM); Devine, Roderick A. B. (St. Martin le Vinoux, FR)

2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

116

Development of Superelastic Effects in Ferrous Shape Memory Alloy  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

SE: Superelastic effect SME: Shape memory effect Nitinol:shape memory effect, (SME), whereby the material returns toelastic strain. In SMAs, the SME and SE are based on the

Olson, Scott Michael

117

Linking dopaminergic physiology to working memory related neural circuitry  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Working memory is the ability to hold information "online" over a delay in order to perform a task. This kind of memory is thought to be encoded in the brain by persistent neural activity that outlasts the presentation of ...

Bolton, Andrew D. (Andrew Donald)

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

118

Intellectual property strategy : analysis of the flash memory industry  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This thesis studies the intellectual property strategy of companies in the flash memory industry, with special emphasis on technology and the development of nitride-based flash, a new and emerging type of memory technology. ...

Ogura, Tomoko H

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

119

Speedy transactions in multicore in-memory databases  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Silo is a new in-memory database that achieves excellent performance and scalability on modern multicore machines. Silo was designed from the ground up to use system memory and caches efficiently. For instance, it avoids ...

Tu, Stephen

120

Method for refreshing a non-volatile memory  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A non-volatile memory and a method of refreshing a memory are described. The method includes allowing an external system to control refreshing operations within the memory. The memory may generate a refresh request signal and transmit the refresh request signal to the external system. When the external system finds an available time to process the refresh request, the external system acknowledges the refresh request and transmits a refresh acknowledge signal to the memory. The memory may also comprise a page register for reading and rewriting a data state back to the memory. The page register may comprise latches in lieu of supplemental non-volatile storage elements, thereby conserving real estate within the memory.

Riekels, James E. (New Hope, MN); Schlesinger, Samuel (Aventura, FL)

2008-11-04T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "determination rockingham memorial" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


121

Structural Thermomechanical Models for Shape Memory Alloy Components  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Thermally responsive shape memory alloys (SMA) demonstrate interesting properties like shape memory effect (SME) and superelasticity (SE). SMA components in the form of wires, springs and beams typically exhibit complex, nonlinear hysteretic...

Rao, Ashwin

2014-04-18T23:59:59.000Z

122

Early remodeling of the neocortex upon episodic memory encoding  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Understanding the mechanisms by which long-term memories are formed and stored in the brain represents a central aim of neuroscience. Prevailing theory suggests that long-term memory encoding involves early plasticity ...

Ericsson, M.

123

What Scientific Applications can Benefit from Hardware Transactional Memory?  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Achieving efficient and correct synchronization of multiple threads is a difficult and error-prone task at small scale and, as we march towards extreme scale computing, will be even more challenging when the resulting application is supposed to utilize millions of cores efficiently. Transactional Memory (TM) is a promising technique to ease the burden on the programmer, but only recently has become available on commercial hardware in the new Blue Gene/Q system and hence the real benefit for realistic applications has not been studied, yet. This paper presents the first performance results of TM embedded into OpenMP on a prototype system of BG/Q and characterizes code properties that will likely lead to benefits when augmented with TM primitives. We first, study the influence of thread count, environment variables and memory layout on TM performance and identify code properties that will yield performance gains with TM. Second, we evaluate the combination of OpenMP with multiple synchronization primitives on top of MPI to determine suitable task to thread ratios per node. Finally, we condense our findings into a set of best practices. These are applied to a Monte Carlo Benchmark and a Smoothed Particle Hydrodynamics method. In both cases an optimized TM version, executed with 64 threads on one node, outperforms a simple TM implementation. MCB with optimized TM yields a speedup of 27.45 over baseline.

Schindewolf, M; Bihari, B; Gyllenhaal, J; Schulz, M; Wang, A; Karl, W

2012-06-04T23:59:59.000Z

124

Paging memory from random access memory to backing storage in a parallel computer  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

Paging memory from random access memory (`RAM`) to backing storage in a parallel computer that includes a plurality of compute nodes, including: executing a data processing application on a virtual machine operating system in a virtual machine on a first compute node; providing, by a second compute node, backing storage for the contents of RAM on the first compute node; and swapping, by the virtual machine operating system in the virtual machine on the first compute node, a page of memory from RAM on the first compute node to the backing storage on the second compute node.

Archer, Charles J; Blocksome, Michael A; Inglett, Todd A; Ratterman, Joseph D; Smith, Brian E

2013-05-21T23:59:59.000Z

125

Shape memory behavior of ultrafine grained NiTi and TiNiPd shape memory alloys  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The cyclic instability in shape memory characteristics of NiTi-based shape memory alloys (SMAs), such as transformation temperatures, transformation and irrecoverable strains and transformation hysteresis upon thermal and mechanical cycling limits...

Kockar, Benat

2009-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

126

The nature of the working memory system underlying language processing and its relationship to the long-term memory system  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This thesis examines two questions concerning the working memory system underlying language processing: (1) To what extent is the working memory system underlying language processing domain-specific? and (2) What is the ...

Fedorenko, Evelina Georgievna

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

127

Evaluating Memory Energy Efficiency in Parallel I/O Workloads  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Evaluating Memory Energy Efficiency in Parallel I/O Workloads Jianhui Yue,Yifeng Zhu , Zhao Cai the ever- widening gap between disk and processor speeds, memory energy efficiency becomes an increasingly management policies heavily influence the overall memory energy efficiency. In partic- ular, under the same

Zhu, Yifeng

128

GENETIC HEURISTICS FOR REDUCING MEMORY ENERGY CONSUMPTION IN EMBEDDED SYSTEMS  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

GENETIC HEURISTICS FOR REDUCING MEMORY ENERGY CONSUMPTION IN EMBEDDED SYSTEMS Maha IDRISSI AOUAD.loria.fr/zendra Keywords: Energy consumption reduction, Genetic heuristics, memory allocation management, optimizations on heuristic methods for SPMs careful management in order to reduce memory energy consumption. We propose

Schott, René - Institut de Mathématiques ?lie Cartan, Université Henri Poincaré

129

An implementation of SISAL for distributed-memory architectures  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This thesis describes a new implementation of the implicitly parallel functional programming language SISAL, for massively parallel processor supercomputers. The Optimizing SISAL Compiler (OSC), developed at Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory, was originally designed for shared-memory multiprocessor machines and has been adapted to distributed-memory architectures. OSC has been relatively portable between shared-memory architectures, because they are architecturally similar, and OSC generates portable C code. However, distributed-memory architectures are not standardized -- each has a different programming model. Distributed-memory SISAL depends on a layer of software that provides a portable, distributed, shared-memory abstraction. This layer is provided by Split-C, a dialect of the C programming language developed at U.C. Berkeley, which has demonstrated good performance on distributed-memory architectures. Split-C provides important capabilities for good performance: support for program-specific distributed data structures, and split-phase memory operations. Distributed data structures help achieve good memory locality, while split-phase memory operations help tolerate the longer communication latencies inherent in distributed-memory architectures. The distributed-memory SISAL compiler and run-time system takes advantage of these capabilities. The results of these efforts is a compiler that runs identically on the Thinking Machines Connection Machine (CM-5), and the Meiko Computing Surface (CS-2).

Beard, P.C.

1995-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

130

Direct match data flow memory for data driven computing  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A data flow computer and method of computing is disclosed which utilizes a data driven processor node architecture. The apparatus in a preferred embodiment includes a plurality of First-In-First-Out (FIFO) registers, a plurality of related data flow memories, and a processor. The processor makes the necessary calculations and includes a control unit to generate signals to enable the appropriate FIFO register receiving the result. In a particular embodiment, there are three FIFO registers per node: an input FIFO register to receive input information form an outside source and provide it to the data flow memories; an output FIFO register to provide output information from the processor to an outside recipient; and an internal FIFO register to provide information from the processor back to the data flow memories. The data flow memories are comprised of four commonly addressed memories. A parameter memory holds the A and B parameters used in the calculations; an opcode memory holds the instruction; a target memory holds the output address; and a tag memory contains status bits for each parameter. One status bit indicates whether the corresponding parameter is in the parameter memory and one status bit to indicate whether the stored information in the corresponding data parameter is to be reused. The tag memory outputs a "fire" signal (signal R VALID) when all of the necessary information has been stored in the data flow memories, and thus when the instruction is ready to be fired to the processor.

Davidson, George S. (8516 San Francisco NE., Albuquerque, NM 87109); Grafe, Victor Gerald (1909 Saturn Ct. NE., Albuquerque, NM 87112)

1997-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

131

Direct match data flow memory for data driven computing  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A data flow computer and method of computing is disclosed which utilizes a data driven processor node architecture. The apparatus in a preferred embodiment includes a plurality of First-In-First-Out (FIFO) registers, a plurality of related data flow memories, and a processor. The processor makes the necessary calculations and includes a control unit to generate signals to enable the appropriate FIFO register receiving the result. In a particular embodiment, there are three FIFO registers per node: an input FIFO register to receive input information form an outside source and provide it to the data flow memories; an output FIFO register to provide output information from the processor to an outside recipient; and an internal FIFO register to provide information from the processor back to the data flow memories. The data flow memories are comprised of four commonly addressed memories. A parameter memory holds the A and B parameters used in the calculations; an opcode memory holds the instruction; a target memory holds the output address; and a tag memory contains status bits for each parameter. One status bit indicates whether the corresponding parameter is in the parameter memory and one status bit to indicate whether the stored information in the corresponding data parameter is to be reused. The tag memory outputs a ``fire`` signal (signal R VALID) when all of the necessary information has been stored in the data flow memories, and thus when the instruction is ready to be fired to the processor. 11 figs.

Davidson, G.S.; Grafe, V.G.

1997-10-07T23:59:59.000Z

132

SECURITY REFRESH: PROTECTING PHASE-CHANGE MEMORY AGAINST  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

SOFTWARE. ......Given the grim prospect of technology scaling in flash memories and dynamic RAM (DRAM), designers are seeking alternative memory technologies to continue the prophecy of Moore's law for memories device totally useless in a matter of minutes because it has a faster ac- cess speed than flash

Lee, Hsien-Hsin "Sean"

133

Energy Efficient Proactive Thermal Management in Memory Subsystem  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Energy Efficient Proactive Thermal Management in Memory Subsystem Raid Ayoub rayoub management of memory subsystem is challenging due to performance and thermal constraints. Big energy gains appreciable energy savings in memory sub-system and mini- mize thermal problems. We adopt the consolidation

Simunic, Tajana

134

Exploring Phase Change Memory and 3D Die-Stacking for Power/Thermal Friendly, Fast and Durable Memory Architectures  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Exploring Phase Change Memory and 3D Die-Stacking for Power/Thermal Friendly, Fast and Durable) as a promising candidate to achieve scalable, low power and thermal friendly memory system architecture leakages and retention time. DRAM-based main memory is also consuming an increasing proportion of the power

Kavi, Krishna

135

3, 16031627, 2006 long-memory  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

HESSD 3, 1603­1627, 2006 Detecting long-memory W. Wang et al. Title Page Abstract Introduction Discussion EGU Hydrol. Earth Syst. Sci. Discuss., 3, 1603­1627, 2006 www.hydrol-earth-syst-sci-discuss.net/3/1603 2006 ­ Published: 14 July 2006 Correspondence to: W. Wang (w.wang@126.com) 1603 #12;HESSD 3, 1603

Boyer, Edmond

136

Allegories of Modernity, Geographies of Memory  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

imaginary with mirror images and events. The postmodernist narrative of memory in these novels turns the time of the now into a time for the "past as to come," a time to detect the unrealized and unfulfilled possibilities of the past, through retellings...

Jeon, Seenhwa

2012-10-19T23:59:59.000Z

137

Memory in the system: trajectory-environment  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In the paper the memory effect in the system consisting from a trajectory of process and an environment is considered. The environment is presented by scalar potential and noise. The evolution of system is interpreted as process of the continuous "measurement" of a trajectory by an environment and\\or on the contrary. In this sense the measured value is entropy-the information about embedding of the trajectory into configurations space. The concepts "measurement" and "interaction" are identified alike in quantum theory. Thus, the entropy evolution is not only the effect of dynamics, but also its cause, if it is possible to speak about causality in this case. It is shown, that such non-elastic interaction leads to occurrence of memory in the system. The reflex memory mechanism is realized as a real conformal dynamic metrics. The metastable event (attractor) is defined and time of its life is estimated. It is shown, that in the system there is a change of dynamic modes from spatial localization to random walk (fluctuation, relaxation). On scale of the attractors dynamics the memory is appearing as a semi-regular (in some information sense) drift of the image of fluctuations in a power spectrum of environment to absolute minimum. The latter properties (topological convergence) attract the attention to algorithmic aspect of a considered system.

Maxim Budaev

2007-08-10T23:59:59.000Z

138

Characterizing Flash Memory: Anomalies, Observations, and Applications  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

), and reliability of flash memory. In addition, we must understand how different usage patterns affect char- acteristics and show how we can use them to improve responsive- ness and energy consumption begun to make the transi- tion from embedded devices to laptops, desktops, and data cen- ters

Wang, Deli

139

From Shared Memory to Message Passing  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

memory, but pass messages along networks: ... but also smart grids... Smart grid with renewable energy? The node measuring the hottest temperature? Etc. - Election of a leader - Coloring the network (e.g., frequency spectrum allocation in wireless networks), computing independent sets, etc. Complexity evaluation

Schmid, Stefan

140

Protist Web Alert Memories of Times Past  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Protist Web Alert Memories of Times Past The Euglenoid Project (http that the Euglenoids have always fascinated me and so did this site. Micro*scope Astrobiology Institute Web Site from reviewed this site in a previous Web Alert, but it has been revised and updated and so is worth another

Simpson, Larry

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "determination rockingham memorial" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


141

Memorial University of Newfoundland Diving Safety  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

.2 Maintenance and Inspections 17 9.3 Use of Diving Equipment 17 9.4 Equipment Procedures 18 9.5 Inspection PROCEDURES 20 12.1 Planning of Diving Operations 21 12.2 Adherence to Planned Depth Procedures 21 12 safety manual is designed to provide Memorial University scientific divers with standards and procedures

deYoung, Brad

142

Path Delay Test Through Memory Arrays  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

into a non-scan cell (including a memory cell) is propagated to a scan cell. The propagation of the captured value from non-scan cell to scan cell occurs during low-speed clock cycles. In this work, we assume that only one extra coda cycle is sufficient...

Pokharel, Punj

2013-07-29T23:59:59.000Z

143

Quantum Error Correction for Quantum Memories  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Active quantum error correction using qubit stabilizer codes has emerged as a promising, but experimentally challenging, engineering program for building a universal quantum computer. In this review we consider the formalism of qubit stabilizer and subsystem stabilizer codes and their possible use in protecting quantum information in a quantum memory. We review the theory of fault-tolerance and quantum error-correction, discuss examples of various codes and code constructions, the general quantum error correction conditions, the noise threshold, the special role played by Clifford gates and the route towards fault-tolerant universal quantum computation. The second part of the review is focused on providing an overview of quantum error correction using two-dimensional (topological) codes, in particular the surface code architecture. We discuss the complexity of decoding and the notion of passive or self-correcting quantum memories. The review does not focus on a particular technology but discusses topics that will be relevant for various quantum technologies.

Barbara M. Terhal

2015-01-20T23:59:59.000Z

144

Quantum Memory with a controlled homogeneous splitting  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We propose a quantum memory protocol where a input light field can be stored onto and released from a single ground state atomic ensemble by controlling dynamically the strength of an external static and homogeneous field. The technique relies on the adiabatic following of a polaritonic excitation onto a state for which the forward collective radiative emission is forbidden. The resemblance with the archetypal Electromagnetically-Induced-Transparency (EIT) is only formal because no ground state coherence based slow-light propagation is considered here. As compared to the other grand category of protocols derived from the photon-echo technique, our approach only involves a homogeneous static field. We discuss two physical situations where the effect can be observed, and show that in the limit where the excited state lifetime is longer than the storage time, the protocols are perfectly efficient and noise-free. We compare the technique to other quantum memories, and propose atomic systems where the experiment c...

Htet, G; Chanelire, T

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

145

High-Performance Computation of Distributed-Memory Parallel 3D Voronoi and Delaunay Tessellation  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Computing a Voronoi or Delaunay tessellation from a set of points is a core part of the analysis of many simulated and measured datasets: N-body simulations, molecular dynamics codes, and LIDAR point clouds are just a few examples. Such computational geometry methods are common in data analysis and visualization; but as the scale of simulations and observations surpasses billions of particles, the existing serial and shared-memory algorithms no longer suffice. A distributed-memory scalable parallel algorithm is the only feasible approach. The primary contribution of this paper is a new parallel Delaunay and Voronoi tessellation algorithm that automatically determines which neighbor points need to be exchanged among the subdomains of a spatial decomposition. Other contributions include periodic and wall boundary conditions, comparison of our method using two popular serial libraries, and application to numerous science datasets.

Peterka, Tom; Morozov, Dmitriy; Phillips, Carolyn

2014-11-14T23:59:59.000Z

146

auditory working memory: Topics by E-print Network  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

requires not only attention Sturm, Alexandra Noelle 2013-01-01 9 Working Memory and Dyslexia CiteSeer Summary: Recent research has demonstrated that dyslexic children suffer...

147

Institute of Computer Science A modified limited-memory BNS ...  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Institute of Computer Science. Academy of Sciences of the Czech Republic. A modified limited-memory BNS method for unconstrained minimization based on...

2014-03-12T23:59:59.000Z

148

Recommendation 196: Alternatives to Memorialize the K-25 Building  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

The ORSSAB Recommends to DOE Alternatives to Memorialize the K-25 Building at East Tennessee Technology Park and Manhattan Project Exhibits in Oak Ridge, Tennessee.

149

Life-cycle assessment of NAND flash memory  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

OF SSD VS . HDD Primary energy consumption MJ 96 GB ?ashpaired trends, primary energy consumption per gigabyte (GB)have been Fig. 2. Primary energy consumption per memory

Boyd, Sarah; Horvath, A; Dornfeld, David

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

150

Building Green in Greensburg: Kiowa County Memorial Hospital  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)

This poster highlights energy efficiency, renewable energy, and sustainable features of the high-performing Kiowa County Memorial Hospital building in Greensburg, Kansas.

151

aversive memory recall: Topics by E-print Network  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Inc. All rights reserved Boahen, Kwabena 119 Memory Distortion in People Reporting Abduction by Aliens Susan A. Clancy, Richard J. McNally, Biology and Medicine Websites...

152

Computational Thermodynamics of CoNiGa High Temperature Shape Memory Alloys  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Shape Memory Alloys (SMAs) are advanced materials with interesting properties such as pseudoelasticity (PE) and the shape memory effect (SME). Recently, the CoNiGa system has emerged as the basis for very promising High Temperature Shape Memory...

Chari, Arpita

2012-10-19T23:59:59.000Z

153

Altered gene regulation and synaptic morphology in Drosophila learning and memory mutants  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Genetic studies in Drosophila have revealed two separable long-term memory pathways defined as anesthesia-resistant memory (ARM) and long-lasting long-term memory (LLTM). ARM is disrupted in radish (rsh) mutants, whereas ...

Guan, Zhuo

154

Effects of Constrained Aging on the Shape Memory Response of Nickel Rich Niti Shape Memory Alloys  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Ni50.6Ti49.4 single and Ni52Ti48 polycrystalline shape memory alloy samples were subjected to aging under a uniaxial stress, to form a single Ni4Ti3 precipitate variant and to investigate the effects of single versus multi-variant coherent...

Barrie, Fatmata Haja

2011-02-22T23:59:59.000Z

155

Molecular mechanisms of memory in imprinting  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

an ess the chick (s In additi for study, r by the fact robiology o It is also a the recentl trolled, faci changes in or water for tive period animals tha A Fig. 1. Positio of section for mesopallium; vocalize ex which learn Imprinting with proce... . mulated evidence strongly indicates that formation of tion memory of imprinting involves a time-dependent ochemical processes in the IMM. Such processes are essed in the left side of this region. Changes in the right raining, though resembling events...

Solomonia, Revaz O.; McCabe, Brian J.

2014-10-02T23:59:59.000Z

156

Localized quantum walks as secured quantum memory  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We show that a quantum walk process can be used to construct and secure quantum memory. More precisely, we show that a localized quantum walk with temporal disorder can be engineered to store the information of a single, unknown qubit on a compact position space and faithfully recover it on demand. Since the localization occurss with a finite spread in position space, the stored information of the qubit will be naturally secured from the simple eavesdropper. Our protocol can be adopted to any quantum system for which experimental control over quantum walk dynamics can be achieved.

C. M. Chandrashekar; Th. Busch

2015-04-21T23:59:59.000Z

157

Oil Price Trackers Inspired by Immune Memory  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We outline initial concepts for an immune inspired algorithm to evaluate and predict oil price time series data. The proposed solution evolves a short term pool of trackers dynamically, with each member attempting to map trends and anticipate future price movements. Successful trackers feed into a long term memory pool that can generalise across repeating trend patterns. The resulting sequence of trackers, ordered in time, can be used as a forecasting tool. Examination of the pool of evolving trackers also provides valuable insight into the properties of the crude oil market.

Wilson, WIlliam; Aickelin, Uwe

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

158

Memorial Gathering Pending for NERSC's Michael Welcome  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May JunDatastreamsmmcrcalgovInstrumentsrucLas Conchas recovery challenge fund LasDubeyChallenge Melrose named topMemorial Gathering

159

auditory-verbal working memory: Topics by E-print Network  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Memory 4 Percept Result of filtering Memphis, University of 4 Working Memory and Dyslexia CiteSeer Summary: Recent research has demonstrated that dyslexic children suffer...

160

E-Print Network 3.0 - avoidance memory role Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

by avoiding thrashing... on nodes with enough memory. This avoids thrashing at the cost of reduced utilization of memory... -level approach that avoided thrashing of an...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "determination rockingham memorial" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


161

Gist Memory in Alzheimer's Disease: Evidence From Categorized Pictures Andrew E. Budson  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Gist Memory in Alzheimer's Disease: Evidence From Categorized Pictures Andrew E. Budson Edith of items (gist memory; Reyna & Brainerd, 1995; Schacter, Norman, & Koutstaal, 1998). We have argued

Schacter, Daniel

162

MEMORY DESIGN AND EXPLORATION FOR LOW POWER, EMBEDDED SYSTEMS  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

by (i) applying memory optimizing transformations such as loop transformations, (ii) storing frequently transformations. In this paper, we describe a procedure for memory design and exploration for low power embedded optimizing transformations such as loop transformations. While there exists a large number of loop

Kambhampati, Subbarao

163

Data Representation for Efficient and Reliable Storage in Flash Memories  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

schemes are designed for already deployed low-power devices that use on-chip ash memory. Moreover, while devices at the scale of sensor nodes might switch to block-grained, large o -chip ash memory, RFID-scale platforms might not bene t from...

Wang, Yue

2013-05-02T23:59:59.000Z

164

Ubiquitous Memory Introspection Qin Zhao1,2  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Center 4 Massachusetts Institute of Technology Abstract Modern memory systems play a critical role of a low cost, online, and accurate methodology for deriving fine- grained memory behavior profiles can delinquent load instruc- tions with an 88% rate of accuracy for applications with a relatively high number

Wong, Weng Fai

165

Stream and Memory Hierarchy Design for Multi-Purpose Accelerators  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Stream and Memory Hierarchy Design for Multi-Purpose Accelerators Sylvain Girbal, Sami Yehia Hugues-purpose loop-based generated accelerators have emerged as an especially attractive accelerator option, with multiple streams, the memory behavior of such accelerators can become at least as complex

Boyer, Edmond

166

Forgotten, but Not Gone: Recovering Memories of Emotional Stories  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

FORGOTTEN, BUT NOT GONE: RECOVERING MEMORIES OF EMOTIONAL STORIES A Thesis by JUSTIN DEAN HANDY Submitted to the Office of Graduate Studies of Texas A&M University in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree... of MASTER OF SCIENCE December 2011 Major Subject: Psychology Forgotten, but Not Gone: Recovering Memories of Emotional Stories Copyright 2011 Justin Dean Handy FORGOTTEN, BUT NOT GONE...

Handy, Justin Dean

2012-02-14T23:59:59.000Z

167

Memory Scaling: A Systems Architecture Perspective Carnegie Mellon University  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

@cmu.edu http://users.ece.cmu.edu/omutlu/ Abstract--The memory system is a fundamental performance and energy technology scaling challenges that make the maintenance and enhancement of its capacity, energy, whether they be server, embedded, desktop, mobile, sensor. Memory capacity, energy, cost, performance

168

ESSES 2003 2003, Carla Schlatter Ellis Power-Aware Memory  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 ESSES 2003© 2003, Carla Schlatter Ellis Power-Aware Memory Management 2ESSES 2003© 2003, Carla management · OS page allocation policies · Experimental results · Future work, open questions #12;2 3ESSES Allocation [ASPLOS00] ESSES 2003© 2003, Carla Schlatter Ellis Memory System Power Consumption · Laptop

Ellis, Carla

169

Business surveys modelling with Seasonal-Cyclical Long Memory models  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Business surveys modelling with Seasonal-Cyclical Long Memory models Ferrara L. and Guégan D. 2nd business surveys released by the European Commission. We introduce an innovative way for modelling those linear models. Keywords: Euro area, nowcasting, business surveys, seasonal, long memory. JEL

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

170

2001 Special issue Associative memory in networks of spiking neurons  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of the network dynamics. The memory is displayed rhythmically, coded by phase-locked bursts or regular spikes activity and trigger a phase-locked association event within one gamma period. Unlike as under tonic of efcient retrieval varying the memory load, the excitation/inhibition parameters, and background

Wennekers, Thomas

171

Optimizing Potential Information Transfer with Self-referential Memory  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

-theoretic design principle, intended to support an evolution of a memory structure fitting a specific selection computation; dis- tributed storage and transmission: e.g., neural networks and associative memory; search principles, underlying many recent developments. This is unsatisfactory not only from a methodological

Polani, Daniel

172

Pipelined Memory Controllers for DSP Applications Handling Unpredictable Data Accesses  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Pipelined Memory Controllers for DSP Applications Handling Unpredictable Data Accesses Bertrand Le pipelined memory access controllers can be generated improving the pipeline access mode to RAM. We focus as unpredictable ones (dynamic address computations) in a pipeline way. 1 Introduction Actual researches

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

173

Rosebud: A Place for Interaction between Memory, Story, and Self  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

as part of the human­computer interaction. Ullmer & Ishii [55] make a comparison between levels of stories, memories, and identity. We describe the cognitive, social, and psychological aspects of one, identity, stuffed animals, tangible interfaces, memory, children, education. Scenario Susan, an eight year

Nehaniv, Chrystopher

174

Algorithms and Data Representations for Emerging Non-Volatile Memories  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . vii LIST OF FIGURES . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . x LIST OF TABLES . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . xiii 1. INTRODUCTION... . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1 1.1 Basic Concepts of Flash Memory and PCM . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2 1.2 Data Reliability Challenges for Flash Memory and PCM . . . . . . . . . 8 1.3 Overview of Research Directions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10 2...

Li, Yue

2014-04-29T23:59:59.000Z

175

Memory device using movement of protons  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

An enhancement of an electrically written memory element utilizing the motion of protons within a dielectric layer surrounded by layers on either side to confine the protons within the dielectric layer with electrode means attached to the surrounding layers to change the spatial position of the protons within the dielectric layer. The device is preferably constructed as a silicon-silicon dioxide-silicon layered structure with the protons being introduced to the structure during an anneal in an atmosphere containing hydrogen gas. Device operation is enhanced by concluding this anneal step with a sudden cooling. The device operates at low power, is preferably nonvolatile, is radiation tolerant, and is compatible with convention silicon MOS processing for integration with other microelectronics elements on the same silicon substrate.

Warren, William L. (900 N. Randolph St., Arlington, VA 22203); Vanheusden, Karel J. R. (8401 Spain Rd., Albuquerque, NM 87111); Fleetwood, Daniel M. (5513 Estrellita del Norte, NE., Albuquerque, NM 87111); Devine, Roderick A. B. (12 Impasse de la Liberation, 38950 St. Martin le Vinoux, FR); Archer, Leo B. (3108 Vicky Ct., Garland, TX 75044); Brown, George A. (1512 Ridgeview Dr., Arlington, TX 76012-1940); Wallace, Robert M. (428 Park Bend Dr., Richardson, TX 75081)

2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

176

Remote direct memory access over datagrams  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A communication stack for providing remote direct memory access (RDMA) over a datagram network is disclosed. The communication stack has a user level interface configured to accept datagram related input and communicate with an RDMA enabled network interface card (NIC) via an NIC driver. The communication stack also has an RDMA protocol layer configured to supply one or more data transfer primitives for the datagram related input of the user level. The communication stack further has a direct data placement (DDP) layer configured to transfer the datagram related input from a user storage to a transport layer based on the one or more data transfer primitives by way of a lower layer protocol (LLP) over the datagram network.

Grant, Ryan Eric; Rashti, Mohammad Javad; Balaji, Pavan; Afsahi, Ahmad

2014-12-02T23:59:59.000Z

177

Solid state engine using nitinol memory alloy  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A device for converting heat energy to mechanical energy includes a reservoir of a hot fluid and a rotor assembly mounted thereabove so a portion of it dips into the hot fluid. The rotor assembly may include a shaft having four spokes extending radially outwardly therefrom at right angles to each other, a floating ring and four flexible elements composed of a thermal memory material having a critical temperature between the temperature of the hot fluid and that of the ambient atmosphere extending between the ends of the spokes and the floating ring. Preferably, the flexible elements are attached to the floating ring through curved leaf springs. Energetic shape recovery of the flexible elements in the hot fluid causes the rotor assembly to rotate.

Golestaneh, Ahmad A. (Bolingbrook, IL)

1981-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

178

Solid state engine using nitinol memory alloy  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A device for converting heat energy to mechanical energy includes a reservoir of a hot fluid and a rotor assembly mounted thereabove so a portion of it dips into the hot fluid. The rotor assembly may include a shaft having four spokes extending radially outwardly therefrom at right angles to each other, a floating ring and four flexible elements composed of a thermal memory material having a critical temperature between the temperature of the hot fluid and that of the ambient atmosphere extending between the ends of the spokes and the floating ring. Preferably, the flexible elements are attached to the floating ring through curved leaf springs. Energetic shape recovery of the flexible elements in the hot fluid causes the rotor assembly to rotate.

Golestaneh, A.A.

1980-01-21T23:59:59.000Z

179

Direct memory access transfer completion notification  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

DMA transfer completion notification includes: inserting, by an origin DMA engine on an origin node in an injection first-in-first-out (`FIFO`) buffer, a data descriptor for an application message to be transferred to a target node on behalf of an application on the origin node; inserting, by the origin DMA engine, a completion notification descriptor in the injection FIFO buffer after the data descriptor for the message, the completion notification descriptor specifying a packet header for a completion notification packet; transferring, by the origin DMA engine to the target node, the message in dependence upon the data descriptor; sending, by the origin DMA engine, the completion notification packet to a local reception FIFO buffer using a local memory FIFO transfer operation; and notifying, by the origin DMA engine, the application that transfer of the message is complete in response to receiving the completion notification packet in the local reception FIFO buffer.

Archer, Charles J. (Rochester, MN); Blocksome, Michael A. (Rochester, MN); Parker, Jeffrey J. (Rochester, MN)

2011-02-15T23:59:59.000Z

180

files between "helped" and "unhelped" memory CD8 T cells to better understand  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

265 files between "helped" and "unhelped" memory CD8 T cells to better understand how memory CD8 the presence of CD4 help during "unhelped" memory CD8 T cell recall responses could not rem- edy their proliferative defects; and vice versa, the lack of CD4 help during "helped" memory CD8 T cell recall re- sponses

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "determination rockingham memorial" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


181

Serotoninmushroom body circuit modulating the formation of anesthesia-resistant memory  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Serotoninmushroom body circuit modulating the formation of anesthesia-resistant memory in Drosophila produces two genetically distinct forms of intermediate-term memories: anesthesia-sensitive memory, which requires the amnesiac gene, and anesthesia- resistant memory (ARM), which requires the radish gene

Huang, Haimei

182

Flash Memory Garbage Collection in Hard Real-Time Systems  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

collection and compare it to that of more proactive schemes. I develop formulas to assess the schedulability of hard real- time periodic task sets under simpli ed memory consumption models. Results show that I prove the proactive schemes achieve the larger... work in the area of ash memory management. Moreover, we review the previous research about garbage collection in real-time system. In Chapter III we will describe a simpli ed ash memory model that will be used throughout the rest of the thesis...

Lai, Chien-An

2012-10-19T23:59:59.000Z

183

DESIGN OPTIONS FOR SMALL SCALE SHARED MEMORY MULTIPROCESSORS  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

i DESIGN OPTIONS FOR SMALL SCALE SHARED MEMORY MULTIPROCESSORS by Luiz André Barroso Copyright 1996 Luiz André Barroso #12;ii to Jacqueline Chame #12;iii Acknowledgments During my stay at USC I

Barroso, Luiz André

184

MemTable : contextual memory in group workspaces  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This thesis presents the design and implementation of MemTable, an interactive touch table that supports co-located group meetings by capturing both digital and physical interactions in its memory. The goal of the project ...

Hunter, Seth E

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

185

A limited memory algorithm for inequality constrained minimization 1 ...  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Oct 2, 2003 ... In Section 3, we give the estimates of the amount of memory and ...... 1603. 0,16. 639. 0,76. 20. MCCORMCK. 5000. 10000. 0. 20. 1,252. 8. 1,22.

2003-10-07T23:59:59.000Z

186

ORIGINAL PAPER Recorded Versus Organic Memory: Interaction of Two  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of interpretation, i.e., hermeneutic systems, meaning involves contexts, history, memory, learning, and experience grammars), or touched down from the heights of holistic sciences such as systems biology or hermeneutics

Markos, Anton

187

Gamification: Creating Gameful and Playful Application for Complementing Human Memory  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Gamification: Creating Gameful and Playful Application for Complementing Human Memory Master thesis of this Master/Diploma thesis is to develop gamification-based design, approach and application that support

Nejdl, Wolfgang

188

Multi-item memory in the primate prefrontal cortex  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The ability to retain multiple items in short-term memory is fundamental for cognition, yet almost nothing is known about its neural basis. To explore the mechanisms underlying this ability, we trained two monkeys to ...

Warden, Melissa R. (Melissa Rhoads)

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

189

Quantifying Locality in the Memory Access Patterns of HPCApplications  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Several benchmarks for measuring memory performance of HPC systems along dimensions of spatial and temporal memory locality have recently been proposed. However, little is understood about the relationships of these benchmarks to real applications and to each other. In this paper, we propose a methodology for producing architecture-neutral characterizations of the spatial and temporal locality exhibited by the memory access patterns of applications. We demonstrate that the results track intuitive notions of spatial and temporal locality on several synthetic and application benchmarks. We employ the methodology to analyze the memory performance components of the HPC Challenge Benchmarks, the Apex-MAP benchmark, and their relationships to each other and other benchmarks and applications. We show that this analysis can be used to both increase understanding of the benchmarks and enhance their usefulness by mapping them, along with applications, to a 2-D space along axes of spatial and temporal locality.

Weinberg, Jonathan; Snavely, Allan; McCracken, Michael O.; Strohmaier, Erich

2005-07-25T23:59:59.000Z

190

A phenomenological constitutive model for magnetic shape memory alloys  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A thermodynamics-based constitutive model is derived which predicts the nonlinear strain and magnetization response that magnetic shape memory alloys (MSMAs) exhibit when subjected to mechanical and magnetic loads. The model development is conducted...

Kiefer, Bjoern

2007-04-25T23:59:59.000Z

191

High density Ru nanocrystal deposition for nonvolatile memory applications  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

High density Ru nanocrystal deposition for nonvolatile memory applications Damon B. Farmer School density optimizes the charge storing capability of the floating layer, while a high degree of size

192

Fabrication and characterization of porous shape memory alloys  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This work details an investigation into the production of porous shape memory alloys (SMAs) via hot isostatic press (HIP) from prealloyed powders. HIPing is one of three main methods for producing porous SMAs, the other two are conventional...

Penrod, Luke Edward

2004-09-30T23:59:59.000Z

193

The Influence of Socioeconomic Status on Working Memory Performance  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

analyses, there were no significant differences observed when SES grade E was included in pairwise comparisons. Results indicated that SES influences level of working memory performance, with those in a higher SES grade scoring higher on average than...

Cleary, Ruth

2012-11-28T23:59:59.000Z

194

Using shape memory alloy as dampers : design methodology  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Many shape memory alloy (SMA) material models have been proposed in the literature, but most are suited only to forward analysis and not to design. This project proposes a generalized friction element, the lambda box, to ...

Leong, Siu Loong

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

195

Topobo : a 3-D constructive assembly system with kinetic memory  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We introduce Topobo, a 3-D constructive assembly system em- bedded with kinetic memory, the ability to record and playback physical motion. Unique among modeling systems is Topobo's coincident physical input and output ...

Raffle, Hayes Solos, 1974-

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

196

The Effects of Ageing on Memory and Thinking  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The main aim of the present study is to examine the effects of ageing on memory and thinking by examining verbal fluency performance. More specifically looking at the differences between older and younger people, to ...

Ford, Amanda

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

197

CITI Technical Report 00-3 Encrypting Virtual Memory  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

secured against physical attacks or protected against security compromises that alloCITI Technical Report 00-3 Encrypting Virtual Memory Niels Provos provos@citi.umich.edu Abstract

Michigan, University of

198

Design and characterization of acoustic pulse shape memory alloy actuators  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Single crystal Ni-Mn-Ga ferromagnetic shape memory alloys (FSMAs) are active materials which produce strain when a magnetic field is applied. The large saturation strain (6%) of Ni-Mn-Ga, and material energy density ...

Chambers, Joshua Michael

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

199

Approximate Associative Memristive Memory for Energy-Efficient GPUs  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Approximate Associative Memristive Memory for Energy-Efficient GPUs Abbas Rahimi, Amirali Ghofrani at the architectural and algorithmic levels. At the hardware level, energy-efficiency techniques that employ voltage

Liebling, Michael

200

Memory & Cognition 2005, 33 (5), 871-886  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Memory & Cognition 2005, 33 (5), 871-886 Since Paul Broca's discovery (1861) of an association (Gardner, Brownell, Wapner, & Michelow, 871 Copyright 2005 Psychonomic Society, Inc. The work reported here

Kutas, Marta

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "determination rockingham memorial" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


201

Life-cycle assessment of NAND flash memory  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

this possibility, a life-cycle assessment (LCA) of NAND ?ashstudy presents a life-cycle assessment (LCA) of ?ash memoryInput- Output Life Cycle Assessment (EIO-LCA), US 1997

Boyd, Sarah; Horvath, A; Dornfeld, David

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

202

Wakate-Initiative Seminar Memory formation in the fly brain!  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Wakate-Initiative Seminar Memory formation in the fly brain! Dr. Hiromu Tanimoto Head is synthesized in ~280 neurons in the fly brain and involved also in other brain functions, it is important

Ejiri, Shinji

203

Information Ecology: Open System Environment for Data, Memories and Knowing  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Information Ecology: Open System Environment for Data, Memories and Knowing Karen S. Baker@scu.edu Abstract. An information ecology provides a conceptual framework to consider data, the creation Ecological Research (LTER) community, presents some manifestations of traditionally unreported `invisible

Bowker, Geoffrey C.

204

Abstract versus exemplar memory representations: the role of contextual interference  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of memory representations, and to try and replicate the findings of Chamberlin and Magill (1992b). Both experiments required the participants to perform 297 trials per day, of three separate tasks, for four consecutive days, followed by a retention...

Johnson, Jennifer Linnea

1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

205

activation facilitates memory: Topics by E-print Network  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 Next Page Last Page Topic Index 1 Fractal Consistency: Architecting the Memory System to Facilitate Verification Computer...

206

ON A CLASS OF LIMITED MEMORY PRECONDITIONERS FOR ...  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In the rest of this section, we show that this memory ...... k Api = 0. (3.12). Proposition 3.4. Let pi, i = 1,...,k, be k conjugate gradient directions generated during the...

2008-12-04T23:59:59.000Z

207

Collective Memory Transfers for Multi-Core Chips  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Future performance improvements for microprocessors have shifted from clock frequency scaling towards increases in on-chip parallelism. Performance improvements for a wide variety of parallel applications require domain-decomposition of data arrays from a contiguous arrangement in memory to a tiled layout for on-chip L1 data caches and scratchpads. How- ever, DRAM performance suffers under the non-streaming access patterns generated by many independent cores. We propose collective memory scheduling (CMS) that actively takes control of collective memory transfers such that requests arrive in a sequential and predictable fashion to the memory controller. CMS uses the hierarchically tiled arrays formal- ism to compactly express collective operations, which greatly improves programmability over conventional prefetch or list- DMA approaches. CMS reduces application execution time by up to 32% and DRAM read power by 2.2, compared to a baseline DMA architecture such as STI Cell.

Michelogiannakis, George; Williams, Alexander; Shalf, John

2013-11-13T23:59:59.000Z

208

Replay of memories of extended behavior in the rat hippocampus  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The hippocampus is a highly conserved structure in the medial temporal lobe of the brain that is known to be critical for spatial learning in rodents, and spatial and episodic memory in humans. During pauses in exploration, ...

Davidson, Thomas James Damon Cheakamus

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

209

Simulation Steering with SCIRun in a Distributed Memory Environment  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Lake City, UT 84112 fmmiller, hansen, sparker, crjg@cs.utah.edu http://www.cs.utah.edu/¸sci #12Simulation Steering with SCIRun in a Distributed Memory Environment Michelle Miller, Charles D

Utah, University of

210

Simulation Steering with SCIRun in a Distributed Memory Environment  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Lake City, UT 84112 fmmiller, hansen, sparker, crjg@cs.utah.edu http: www.cs.utah.edu sci #12;AbstractSimulation Steering with SCIRun in a Distributed Memory Environment Michelle Miller, Charles D

Utah, University of

211

Heterogeneous-race-free Memory Models Derek R. Hower  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 Heterogeneous-race-free Memory Models Derek R. Hower , Blake A. Hechtman§ , Bradford M. Beckmann Electrical and Computer Engineering University of Wisconsin-Madison Computer Sciences {derek.hower, brad

Wood, David A.

212

Analog VLSI Implementations of Continuous-Time Memory Structures  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Analog VLSI Implementations of Continuous-Time Memory Structures Jui-Kuo Juan, John G. Harris exactly the same as the cascade of fol- lower integrator circuits described in Mead's textbook [lo

Harris, John G.

213

Mpemba paradox: Hydrogen bond memory and water-skin supersolidity  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Numerical reproduction of measurements, experimental evidence for skin super-solidity and hydrogen-bond memory clarified that Mpemba paradox integrates the heat emission-conduction-dissipation dynamics in the source-path-drain cycle system.

Chang Q Sun

2015-01-05T23:59:59.000Z

214

Energy-Aware Microprocessor Synchronization: Transactional Memory vs. Locks  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, but they are difficult to use. In particular, they introduce substantial software engineering problems, or aborts) and are serializable. Hardware transactional memory proposals (e.g., [7], [10], [17], [21], [22

Moreshet, Tali

215

An electron-beam programmable erasable memory device  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

AN ELECTRON-BEAM PROGRAMMABLE ERASABLE MEMORY DEVICE A Thesis by RANG-HUAI WANG Submitted to the Graduate College of Texas A&M University in partial fulfillment of the requirement for the degree of MASTER OP SCIENCE August 1984 Major... Subject: Electrical Engineering AN ELECTRON-BEAM PROGRAMMABLE ERASABLE MEMORY DEVICE A Thesis by Kang-Huai Wang Approved as to style and content by: Dona L. Parker (Chairman of Committee) Mark H. Weicho d (Member) omas . air, III (Member...

Wang, Kang-Huai

1984-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

216

A perturbative and gauge invariant treatment of gravitational wave memory  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We present a perturbative treatment of gravitational wave memory. The coordinate invariance of Einstein's equations leads to a type of gauge invariance in perturbation theory. As with any gauge invariant theory, results are more clear when expressed in terms of manifestly gauge invariant quantities. Therefore we derive all our results from the perturbed Weyl tensor rather than the perturbed metric. We derive gravitational wave memory for the Einstein equations coupled to a general energy-momentum tensor that reaches null infinity.

Lydia Bieri; David Garfinkle

2014-04-03T23:59:59.000Z

217

Using DMA for copying performance counter data to memory  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A device for copying performance counter data includes hardware path that connects a direct memory access (DMA) unit to a plurality of hardware performance counters and a memory device. Software prepares an injection packet for the DMA unit to perform copying, while the software can perform other tasks. In one aspect, the software that prepares the injection packet runs on a processing core other than the core that gathers the hardware performance data.

Gara, Alan; Salapura, Valentina; Wisniewski, Robert W

2013-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

218

Multi mode nano scale Raman echo quantum memory  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Low loss magnetic surface plasmon polariton (SPP) modes characterized by enhanced electrical field component and subwavelength confinement on the dielectric and negative-index metamaterial interface are presented. We demonstrate a possibility of storage and perfect retrieval of the low loss magnetic SPP fields by using a photon echo quantum memory on Raman atomic transition. We describe specific properties of the proposed technique which opens a possibility for efficient nano scale multi-mode quantum memory.

S. A. Moiseev; E. S. Moiseev

2010-01-31T23:59:59.000Z

219

Sarcosine attenuates toluene-induced motor incoordination, memory impairment, and hypothermia but not brain stimulation reward enhancement in mice  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Toluene, a widely used and commonly abused organic solvent, produces various behavioral disturbances, including motor incoordination and cognitive impairment. Toluene alters the function of a large number of receptors and ion channels. Blockade of N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA) receptors has been suggested to play a critical role in toluene-induced behavioral manifestations. The present study determined the effects of various toluene doses on motor coordination, recognition memory, body temperature, and intracranial self-stimulation (ICSS) thresholds in mice. Additionally, the effects of sarcosine on the behavioral and physiological effects induced by toluene were evaluated. Sarcosine may reverse toluene-induced behavioral manifestations by acting as an NMDA receptor co-agonist and by inhibiting the effects of the type I glycine transporter (GlyT1). Mice were treated with toluene alone or combined with sarcosine pretreatment and assessed for rotarod performance, object recognition memory, rectal temperature, and ICSS thresholds. Toluene dose-dependently induced motor incoordination, recognition memory impairment, and hypothermia and lowered ICSS thresholds. Sarcosine pretreatment reversed toluene-induced changes in rotarod performance, novel object recognition, and rectal temperature but not ICSS thresholds. These findings suggest that the sarcosine-induced potentiation of NMDA receptors may reverse motor incoordination, memory impairment, and hypothermia but not the enhancement of brain stimulation reward function associated with toluene exposure. Sarcosine may be a promising compound to prevent acute toluene intoxications by occupational or intentional exposure. -- Highlights: ? Toluene induces impairments in Rotarod test and novel object recognition test. ? Toluene lowers rectal temperature and ICSS thresholds in mice. ? Sarcosine reverses toluene-induced changes in motor, memory and body temperature. ? Sarcosine pretreatment does not affect toluene-induced reward enhancement.

Chan, Ming-Huan [Department of Pharmacology and Toxicology, Tzu Chi University, Hualien, Taiwan (China) [Department of Pharmacology and Toxicology, Tzu Chi University, Hualien, Taiwan (China); Institute of Neuroscience, National Changchi University, Taipei, Taiwan (China); Chung, Shiang-Sheng [Department of Pharmacology and Toxicology, Tzu Chi University, Hualien, Taiwan (China) [Department of Pharmacology and Toxicology, Tzu Chi University, Hualien, Taiwan (China); Department of Pharmacy, Yuli Veterans Hospital, Hualien, Taiwan (China); Stoker, Astrid K.; Markou, Athina [Department of Psychiatry, School of Medicine, University of California San Diego, La Jolla, CA (United States)] [Department of Psychiatry, School of Medicine, University of California San Diego, La Jolla, CA (United States); Chen, Hwei-Hsien, E-mail: hwei@nhri.org.tw [Department of Pharmacology and Toxicology, Tzu Chi University, Hualien, Taiwan (China) [Department of Pharmacology and Toxicology, Tzu Chi University, Hualien, Taiwan (China); Division of Mental Health and Addiction Medicine, Institute of Population Health Sciences, National Health Research Institutes, Zhunan, Miaoli County, Taiwan (China)

2012-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

220

Shape memory response and microstructural evolution of a severe plastically deformed high temperature shape memory alloy (NiTiHf)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

NiTiHf alloys have attracted considerable attention as potential high temperature Shape Memory Alloy (SMA) but the instability in transformation temperatures and significant irrecoverable strain during thermal cycling under constant stress remains a...

Simon, Anish Abraham

2006-04-12T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "determination rockingham memorial" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


221

Memory and correlation effects in nuclear collisions  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Relaxation rates are calculated by numerically solving the Kadanoff-Baym equations for an extended system of nuclear matter. The time evolutions of initial nonequilibrium distributions in momentum space, defined by two Fermi spheres, is studied. Comparisons are made with the (semi-) classical method used in BUU, VUU, etc. Danielewicz has found that at a nucleon density of {similar_to}0.3 nucleon/fm{sup 3} and an equilibrated temperature of about 70 MeV, the quantum relaxation rate is smaller than the classical by a factor of about 2. These results are confirmed. The calculations are extended to lower temperatures (energies) and densities and this ratio is found to be essentially unchanged over a wide range although there are deviations from this rule as seen in the text. The quantum evolutions are started either with an uncorrelated or a correlated initial distribution. The latter are obtained with imaginary time stepping. The relaxation time approximation was previously found to be excellent for the classical evolution. It is found to be as good for the quantum evolution. The memory time is in the present calculations found to be less than 5 fm/{ital c} (i.e., {similar_to}1.7{times}10{sup {minus}23} s). One concludes that quantum-mechanical effects have to be incorporated in the models of heavy ion collisions and nuclear dynamics. Not until this is done comprehensively will one be able to readily assess the role of two-nucleon collisions in the equilibration process.

Koehler, H.S. [Physics Department, University of Arizona, Tucson, Arizona 85721 (United States)] [Physics Department, University of Arizona, Tucson, Arizona 85721 (United States)

1995-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

222

Performance analysis of memory hierachies in high performance systems  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This thesis studies memory bandwidth as a performance predictor of programs. The focus of this work is on computationally intensive programs. These programs are the most likely to access large amounts of data, stressing the memory system. Computationally intensive programs are also likely to use highly optimizing compilers to produce the fastest executables possible. Methods to reduce the amount of data traffic by increasing the average number of references to each item while it resides in the cache are explored. Increasing the average number of references to each cache item reduces the number of memory requests. Chapter 2 describes the DLX architecture. This is the architecture on which all the experiments were performed. Chapter 3 studies memory moves as a performance predictor for a group of application programs. Chapter 4 introduces a model to study the performance of programs in the presence of memory hierarchies. Chapter 5 explores some compiler optimizations that can help increase the references to each item while it resides in the cache.

Yogesh, A.

1993-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

223

Method of preparing a two-way shape memory alloy  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A two-way shape memory alloy, a method of training a shape memory alloy, and a heat engine employing the two-way shape memory alloy to do external work during both heating and cooling phases are disclosed. The alloy is heated under a first training stress to a temperature which is above the upper operating temperature of the alloy, then cooled to a cold temperature below the zero-force transition temperature of the alloy, then deformed while applying a second training stress which is greater in magnitude than the stress at which the alloy is to be operated, then heated back to the hot temperature, changing from the second training stress back to the first training stress. 8 figs.

Johnson, A.D.

1984-03-06T23:59:59.000Z

224

Method of preparing a two-way shape memory alloy  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A two-way shape memory alloy, a method of training a shape memory alloy, and a heat engine employing the two-way shape memory alloy to do external work during both heating and cooling phases. The alloy is heated under a first training stress to a temperature which is above the upper operating temperature of the alloy, then cooled to a cold temperature below the zero-force transition temperature of the alloy, then deformed while applying a second training stress which is greater in magnitude than the stress at which the alloy is to be operated, then heated back to the hot temperature, changing from the second training stress back to the first training stress.

Johnson, Alfred D. (5383 Bancroft Ave., Oakland, CA 94601)

1984-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

225

Physiological mechanisms of hippocampal memory processing : experiments and applied adaptive filtering  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The hippocampus is necessary for the formation and storage of episodic memory, however, the computations within and between hippocampal subregions (CA1, CA3, and dentate gyrus) that mediate these memory processing functions ...

Nguyen, David P., 1977-

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

226

Re-Inventing Memory And Reforming Performances: A Genealogy Of Panic Theatre In Zimbabwe  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, and Marvin Carlson and their work regarding memory and performance, the dissertation examines how theatre artists use their memories or experiences of Theatre for Development (TfD), the pungwe or bira, to create a means to entertain and communicate...

Wrolson, Joy Leigh

2009-09-23T23:59:59.000Z

227

T-716: Google SketchUp v8.x - '.DAE' File Memory Corruption Vulnerabil...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

6: Google SketchUp v8.x - '.DAE' File Memory Corruption Vulnerability T-716: Google SketchUp v8.x - '.DAE' File Memory Corruption Vulnerability September 14, 2011 - 9:28am Addthis...

228

Hippocampal function is not required for the precision of remote place memory  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Background: During permanent memory formation, recall of acquired place memories initially depends on the hippocampus and eventually become hippocampus-independent with time. It has been suggested that the quality of ...

Kitamura, Takashi

229

Circuit design for embedded memory in low-power integrated circuits  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This thesis explores the challenges for integrating embedded static random access memory (SRAM) and non-volatile memory-based on ferroelectric capacitor technology-into lowpower integrated circuits. First considered is the ...

Qazi, Masood

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

230

Memories of War: Exploring Victim-Victimizer Perspectives in Critical Content-Based Instruction in Japanese  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

4 (2012) Kubota Memories of War Clevedon, UK: Multilingualtaiheiy sens [Asia-Pacific War in the 20 th Century] (pp.Nozaki/2063# Nozaki, Y. (2008). War memory, nationalism, and

Kubota, Ryuko

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

231

The Aesthetics of Remembering 9/11: Towards a Transnational Typology of Memorials  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

a memorial of bronze or granite at first sight representsfixed on a block of local granite with a 6.8-foot glassUpper Palatinate region (granite and glass). 61 The memorial

Gessner, Ingrid

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

232

Remembering Through the Corpus: The Intersection of (Moving) Bodies with Architecture at the Vietnam Veterans Memorial  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of contact with the black granite memorial wall and wasLin, designer of the black granite memorial wall. Becauseelements: Maya Lins granite wall, Frederick Harts bronze

Zhu, Ying

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

233

Memory Trace Oblivious Program Execution Department of Computer Science Technical Report CS-TR-5020  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

to the computing platform can perform various physical attacks, including prob- ing memory buses and coldMemory Trace Oblivious Program Execution Department of Computer Science Technical Report CS-TR-5020

Shi, Elaine

234

T-609: Adobe Acrobat/Reader Memory Corruption Error in CoolType...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

09: Adobe AcrobatReader Memory Corruption Error in CoolType Library Lets Remote Users Execute Arbitrary Code T-609: Adobe AcrobatReader Memory Corruption Error in CoolType...

235

Suitability of Shape Memory Alloys for vibration isolation with application to launch vehicle payloads  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This work details an investigation into the suitability of Shape Memory Alloys for the task of vibration isolation based on the similarities between the Shape Memory Alloy pseudoelastic behavior and the softening response of isolators whose response...

Mayes, John Jeramy

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

236

Dynamically Tunable Memory in Two-Component Gene Circuit  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Cell has the potential to remember the environmental conditions for many (10{sup 7}) generations but stochastic fluctuations set a fundamental limit on the stability of this memory. Here we explicitly take the binding-unbinding of macromolecules into account to propose a novel rationale for the protein-protein interaction in cell physiology. Based on the first-exit time and the corresponding deterministic characterization of various genetic circuits, we show that the reversible binding dynamics may stabilize non-genetically inherited cell states, providing a practical strategy for designing robust epigenetic memory.

Ghim, C; Almaas, E

2008-09-05T23:59:59.000Z

237

A Case for Deconstructing Hardware Transactional Memory Systems  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Major hardware and software vendors are curious about transactional memory (TM), but are understandably cautious about committing to hardware changes. Our thesis is that deconstructing transactional memory into separate, interchangeable components facilitates TM adoption in two ways. First, it aids hardware TM refinement, allowing vendors to adopt TM earlier, knowing that they can more easily refine aspects later. Second, it enables the components to be applied to other uses, including reliability, security, performance, and correctness, providing value even if TM is not widely used. We develop some evidence for our thesis via experience with LogTM variants and preliminary case studies of scalable watchpoints and race recording for deterministic replay. 1

Mark D. Hill; Derek Hower; Kevin E. Moore; Michael M. Swift; Haris Volos; David A. Wood

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

238

Memory Distortion in People Reporting Abduction by Aliens Susan A. Clancy, Richard J. McNally,  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Memory Distortion in People Reporting Abduction by Aliens Susan A. Clancy, Richard J. Mc memories of traumatic events that are unlikely to have occurred: abduction by space aliens. A variant to examine false recall and false recognition in 3 groups: people reporting recovered memories of alien

Schacter, Daniel

239

Nanotube Optoelectronic Memory Alexander Star,*, Yu Lu, Keith Bradley, and George Gru1ner  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Nanotube Optoelectronic Memory Devices Alexander Star,*, Yu Lu, Keith Bradley, and George Gru1ner to fabricate an optoelectronic memory device. Electric charges are created upon optical illumination the fabrication and study of carbon nanotube optoelectronic memory devices. This functional assembly combines

Gruner, George

240

Cultural Capital in Spain'S MeMory WarS Dr. SebaStiaan Faberoberlin College  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

History MeMory trutH Cultural Capital in Spain'S MeMory WarS Dr. SebaStiaan Faberoberlin College Since the late 1990s, Spain has seen a series of public disputes over the historical memory tell it--and the relationship that today's Spain should have with that past. In the past fifteen years

Andrews, Peter B.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "determination rockingham memorial" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


241

Anti-forensic resilient memory acquisition Johannes Stttgen a,*, Michael Cohen b  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Anti-forensic resilient memory acquisition Johannes Stüttgen a,*, Michael Cohen b a Department, Germany b Google Inc., Brandschenkestrasse 110, Zurich, Switzerland Keywords: Memory forensics Memory acquisition Anti forensics Live forensics Malware Computer security Information security Incident response a b

Tomkins, Andrew

242

Determinating Timing Channels in Statistically Multiplexed Clouds  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Timing side-channels represent an insidious security challenge for cloud computing, because: (a) they enable one customer to steal information from another without leaving a trail or raising alarms; (b) only the cloud provider can feasibly detect and report such attacks, but the provider's incentives are not to; and (c) known general-purpose timing channel control methods undermine statistical resource sharing efficiency, and, with it, the cloud computing business model. We propose a new cloud architecture that uses provider-enforced deterministic execution to eliminate all timing channels internal to a shared cloud domain, without limiting internal resource sharing. A prototype determinism-enforcing hypervisor demonstrates that utilizing such a cloud might be both convenient and efficient. The hypervisor enables parallel guest processes and threads to interact via familiar shared memory and file system abstractions, and runs moderately coarse-grained parallel tasks as efficiently and scalably as current nond...

Aviram, Amittai; Ford, Bryan; Gummadi, Ramakrishna

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

243

Near-Memory Caching for Improved Energy Consumption  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

opportunities for power/energy reduction. In this paper, we propose a power-aware cached-dynamic-RAM (PA on the average) improvement in the energy-delay product and up to 76 percent (19 percent on the average) savings in energy when compared to a time-out power management technique. Index Terms--Memory design, power

Childers, Bruce

244

Parallel Adaptive Mesh Refinement and Redistribution on Distributed Memory Computers  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Parallel Adaptive Mesh Refinement and Redistribution on Distributed Memory Computers C. ¨ Ozturan Polytechnic Institute Troy, NY 12181 Abstract A procedure to support parallel refinement and redistribution the required adjacency information. Mesh refinement is done by employing links back to the geometric

Bystroff, Chris

245

!iliii!i!i Machine-Independent Virtual Memory Management  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

half a dozen uniprocessors and multiprocessors including the VAX family of uniproces- sors paging support. Versions of Berkeley UNIX on non-VAX hardware, such as SunOS on the SUN 3 and ACIS 4.2 on the IBM RT PC, actually simu- late internally the VAX memory mapping architecture -- in effect treating

Arpaci-Dusseau, Remzi

246

Thermal Modeling and Management of DRAM Memory , Hongzhong Zheng2  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

the given thermal envelope. Our simulation results show that adaptive core gating improves performance by up- tuating. Intuitively, the program execution is far away from optimal for a given thermal envelope: ThermalThermal Modeling and Management of DRAM Memory Systems Jiang Lin1 , Hongzhong Zheng2 , Zhichun Zhu2

Zhang, Zhao

247

Memory efficient RNA energy landscape exploration -Supplementary Material -  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Memory efficient RNA energy landscape exploration - Supplementary Material - Martin Mann 1 , Marcel on two different transition models. While the pure barrier tree dynamics (lower plot) resembles correspond to energy sorted ranks. Simulations were started from the unstructured open chain macro-state (oc

Brendel, Volker

248

A network model of parametric working memory. Supplementary Material  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

obeys the current balance equation: CM dVi dt = -gL [Vi - VL]-gESE,i [Vi - VE]-gISI,i [Vi - VIA network model of parametric working memory. Supplementary Material Paul Miller1 , Carlos D Brody2

Brody, Carlos

249

Elizabeth Harvey Memorial Sustainable Development Intern Year End Report  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Elizabeth Harvey Memorial Sustainable Development Intern Year End Report For the Academic Year 2011 2012 Submitted May 8th , 2012 to the Bishop's Sustainable Development and Land Use Committee by Lauri Lidstone #12;Sustainable Development Student Intern Report 2011-2012 1 I would like to thank the Elizabeth

250

Memory Power Management via Dynamic Voltage/Frequency Scaling  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

years. In the data center environment, thermal management and power budgeting have become significant transitions [10, 23], or scal- ing active server power proportionally to load [2]. In this paper, we focusMemory Power Management via Dynamic Voltage/Frequency Scaling Howard David, Chris Fallin§, Eugene

McGaughey, Alan

251

Memory Power Management via Dynamic Voltage/Frequency Scaling  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

years. In the data center environment, thermal management and power budgeting have become significant sleep transitions [10, 23], or scal- ing active server power proportionally to load [2]. In this paperMemory Power Management via Dynamic Voltage/Frequency Scaling Howard David, Chris Fallin§, Eugene

Mutlu, Onur

252

fork(), exit(), exec() signals, sockets client/server, shared memory  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

memory semaphores - 2 - #12; µ µ µ UNIX µ µ fork fork µ µ µ fork pid = fork(); fork µµ ( ) µ µ pid - pid (ID) - - pid = 0 ? - 3 - #12;- 4 - #include main() { int pid = 0; printf("hello world\

Triantafillou, Peter

253

Modular Quantum Memories Using Passive Linear Optics and Coherent Feedback  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Modular Quantum Memories Using Passive Linear Optics and Coherent Feedback Hendra I. Nurdin photon pulsed optical field has a conceptually simple modular realization using only passive linear optics and coherent feedback. We exploit the idea that two decaying optical cavities can be coupled

254

Enhancing Routing Protocol with Memory in Mobile Ad Hoc Networks  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Enhancing Routing Protocol with Memory in Mobile Ad Hoc Networks Yongjun Dai, Changhee Joo prevalent, TCP performance over mobile ad hoc networks attracts more attention. The earlier studies on TCP in wireless networks have shown that it performs poorly in ad hoc networks. They tackled the problem

Bahk, Saewoong

255

Removing Redundancy and Inconsistency in Memory-Based Collaborative Filtering  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Removing Redundancy and Inconsistency in Memory- Based Collaborative Filtering Kai Yu Siemens AG, Corporate Technology & University of Munich, Germany kai.yu.external@mchp.siemens. de Xiaowei Xu Information Science Department University of Arkansas at Little Rock xwxu@ualr.edu Anton Schwaighofer Siemens AG

Tresp, Volker

256

Parameter estimation for energy balance models with memory  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Parameter estimation for energy balance models with memory By Lionel Roques1,*, Micka¨el D parameter estimation for one-dimensional energy balance models with mem- ory (EBMMs) given localized estimate is still possible in certain cases. Keywords: age dating; Bayesian inference; energy balance model

257

Optimized Pre-Copy Live Migration for Memory Intensive Applications  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Optimized Pre-Copy Live Migration for Memory Intensive Applications Khaled Z. Ibrahim, Steven Hofmeyr, Costin Iancu, Eric Roman Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory Email: {kzibrahim, shofmeyr and fault tolerance. KVM and Xen use iterative pre-copy approaches which work well in practice

258

CoNiGa High Temperature Shape Memory Alloys  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

commercially successful SMAs such as NiTi and Cu-based alloys. In recent years, the CoNiGa system has emerged as a new ferromagnetic shape memory alloy with some compositions exhibiting high martensitic transformation temperatures which makes CoNiGa a potential...

Dogan, Ebubekir

2011-10-21T23:59:59.000Z

259

Towards Optimizing Energy Costs of Algorithms for Shared Memory Architectures  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Towards Optimizing Energy Costs of Algorithms for Shared Memory Architectures Vijay Anand Korthikanti Department of Computer Science University of Illinois Urbana-Champaign vkortho2@illinois.edu Gul Agha Department of Computer Science University of Illinois Urbana-Champaign agha@illinois.edu ABSTRACT

Marchal, Loris

260

Answer Garden 2: Merging Organizational Memory with Collaborative Help  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Answer Garden 2: Merging Organizational Memory with Collaborative Help Mark S. Ackerman David W. Mc a collaborative solution to a common problem, that of providing help to distributed users. The Answer Garden 2 detailed descriptions of the collaborative help and collaborative refining facilities in the Answer Garden

McDonald, David W.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "determination rockingham memorial" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


261

Statistics Twentyfirst Century Astrometry K. Eichhorn Memorial Lecture  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Statistics Twenty­first Century Astrometry Heinrich K. Eichhorn Memorial Lecture William Je#erys (bill@astro.as.utexas.edu University at Austin, Abstract. Eichhorn statistics scientific a number of significant contributions statistical treatment of astrometric problems. a movement for the reintroduction

Jefferys, William

262

Hidden State and ShortTerm Memory: A bibliography  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

for hidden markov models. 1993. [ Baum et al., 1970 ] Leonard E. Baum, Ted Petrie, George Soules, and Norman. [ McCallum, 1992 ] R. Andrew McCallum. First results with utile distinction memory for re­ inforcement. [ Moore, 1991 ] Andrew W. Moore. Variable res­ olution dynamic programming: Efficiently learning action

Littman, Michael L.

263

The Impact of Memory Subsystem Resource Sharing on Datacenter Applications  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The Impact of Memory Subsystem Resource Sharing on Datacenter Applications Lingjia Tang University on five Google datacenter applications: a web search engine, bigtable, content analyzer, image stitching across the PARSEC benchmark suite, we find that across these datacenter ap- plications, there is both

Tomkins, Andrew

264

Large Data Visualization on Distributed Memory Mulit-GPU Clusters  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Data sets of immense size are regularly generated on large scale computing resources. Even among more traditional methods for acquisition of volume data, such as MRI and CT scanners, data which is too large to be effectively visualization on standard workstations is now commonplace. One solution to this problem is to employ a 'visualization cluster,' a small to medium scale cluster dedicated to performing visualization and analysis of massive data sets generated on larger scale supercomputers. These clusters are designed to fit a different need than traditional supercomputers, and therefore their design mandates different hardware choices, such as increased memory, and more recently, graphics processing units (GPUs). While there has been much previous work on distributed memory visualization as well as GPU visualization, there is a relative dearth of algorithms which effectively use GPUs at a large scale in a distributed memory environment. In this work, we study a common visualization technique in a GPU-accelerated, distributed memory setting, and present performance characteristics when scaling to extremely large data sets.

Childs, Henry R.

2010-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

265

Materials Selection for Oxide-based Resistive Random Access Memories  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The energies of atomic processes in resistive random access memories (RRAMs) are calculated for four typical oxides, HfO2, TiO2, Ta 2O5, and Al2O3, to define a materials selection process. O vacancies have the lowest defect formation energy in the O...

Guo, Yuzheng; Robertson, John

2014-12-05T23:59:59.000Z

266

On Open Nesting in Distributed Transactional Memory Alexandru Turcu  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Systor '12 On Open Nesting in Distributed Transactional Memory Alexandru Turcu Virginia Tech talex (TFA), we add support for open nested transactions. We discuss the mechanisms and performance implications of such nesting, and identify the cases where using open nesting is warranted and the relevant

Ravindran, Binoy

267

Mobile applications constantly demand additional memory, and traditional  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. This remote access could reduce local storage space, thereby reducing energy demands on the mobile plat- form60 Mobile applications constantly demand additional memory, and traditional designs increase- port connected ubiquitous environments. Engineers attempt to minimize network use because of its

Lee, Hsien-Hsin "Sean"

268

Regenerative memory in time-delayed neuromorphic photonic systems  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We investigate a regenerative memory based upon a time-delayed neuromorphic photonic oscillator and discuss the link with temporal localized structures. Our experimental implementation is based upon a optoelectronic system composed of a nanoscale nonlinear resonant tunneling diode coupled to a laser that we link to the paradigm of neuronal activity, the FitzHugh-Nagumo model with delayed feedback.

Romeira, B; Figueiredo, Jos M L; Barland, S; Javaloyes, J

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

269

Practical Memory Leak Detection using Guarded Value-Flow Analysis  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Verification]: Reliability; D.3.4 [Processors]: Compilers, Mem- ory management; F.3.2 [Semantics of Programming of various program safety properties, including memory safety properties (such as null pointer dereferences as properties of the following form: on any execution of the program, the value v generated by a program event

Rugina, Radu

270

Memory Usage of a Software Communication Architecture Waveform  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. These characteristics of SDR provide cost savings by ex- tending the life cycle of hardware and provide more capability the number of memory chips in the final hardware design, this leads to lower cost radios that require less processing hardware. Close attention must be paid to the SDR hardware in order to meet battery lifetime

Ellingson, Steven W.

271

System for loading executable code into volatile memory in a downhole tool  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A system for loading an executable code into volatile memory in a downhole tool string component comprises a surface control unit comprising executable code. An integrated downhole network comprises data transmission elements in communication with the surface control unit and the volatile memory. The executable code, stored in the surface control unit, is not permanently stored in the downhole tool string component. In a preferred embodiment of the present invention, the downhole tool string component comprises boot memory. In another embodiment, the executable code is an operating system executable code. Preferably, the volatile memory comprises random access memory (RAM). A method for loading executable code to volatile memory in a downhole tool string component comprises sending the code from the surface control unit to a processor in the downhole tool string component over the network. A central processing unit writes the executable code in the volatile memory.

Hall, David R. (Provo, UT); Bartholomew, David B. (Springville, UT); Johnson, Monte L. (Orem, UT)

2007-09-25T23:59:59.000Z

272

Determinants of Meme Popularity  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Online social media have greatly affected the way in which we communicate with each other. However, little is known about what are the fundamental mechanisms driving dynamical information flow in online social systems. Here, we introduce a generative model for online sharing behavior and analytically show, using techniques from mathematical population genetics, that competition between memes for the limited resource of user attention leads to a type of self-organized criticality, with heavy-tailed distributions of meme popularity: a few memes "go viral" but the majority become only moderately popular. The time-dependent solutions of the model are shown to fit empirical micro-blogging data on hashtag usage, and to predict novel scaling features of the data. The presented framework, in contrast to purely empirical studies or simulation-based models, clearly distinguishes the roles of two distinct factors affecting meme popularity: the memory time of users and the connectivity structure of the social network.

Gleeson, James P; Baos, Raquel A; Moreno, Yamir

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

273

Modeling aspects of human memory for scientific study.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Working with leading experts in the field of cognitive neuroscience and computational intelligence, SNL has developed a computational architecture that represents neurocognitive mechanisms associated with how humans remember experiences in their past. The architecture represents how knowledge is organized and updated through information from individual experiences (episodes) via the cortical-hippocampal declarative memory system. We compared the simulated behavioral characteristics with those of humans measured under well established experimental standards, controlling for unmodeled aspects of human processing, such as perception. We used this knowledge to create robust simulations of & human memory behaviors that should help move the scientific community closer to understanding how humans remember information. These behaviors were experimentally validated against actual human subjects, which was published. An important outcome of the validation process will be the joining of specific experimental testing procedures from the field of neuroscience with computational representations from the field of cognitive modeling and simulation.

Caudell, Thomas P. (University of New Mexico); Watson, Patrick (University of Illinois - Champaign-Urbana Beckman Institute); McDaniel, Mark A. (Washington University); Eichenbaum, Howard B. (Boston University); Cohen, Neal J. (University of Illinois - Champaign-Urbana Beckman Institute); Vineyard, Craig Michael; Taylor, Shawn Ellis; Bernard, Michael Lewis; Morrow, James Dan; Verzi, Stephen J.

2009-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

274

Degenerate resistive switching and ultrahigh density storage in resistive memory  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We show that in tantalum oxide resistive memories, activation power provides a multi-level variable for information storage that can be set and read separately from the resistance. These two state variables (resistance and activation power) can be precisely controlled in two steps: (1) the possible activation power states are selected by partially reducing resistance, then (2) a subsequent partial increase in resistance specifies the resistance state and the final activation power state. We show that these states can be precisely written and read electrically, making this approach potentially amenable for ultra-high density memories. We provide a theoretical explanation for information storage and retrieval from activation power and experimentally demonstrate information storage in a third dimension related to the change in activation power with resistance.

Lohn, Andrew J., E-mail: drewlohn@gmail.com; Mickel, Patrick R., E-mail: prmicke@sandia.gov; James, Conrad D.; Marinella, Matthew J. [Sandia National Laboratories, Albuquerque, New Mexico 87185 (United States)

2014-09-08T23:59:59.000Z

275

Shape memory alloy for vibration isolation and damping  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

ABSTRACT Shape Memory Alloys for Vibration Isolation and Damping. (December 2007) Luciano G. Machado, B.S., Federal Center of Technological Education of Rio de Janeiro - RJ, Brazil; M.S., Military Institute of Engineering - RJ, Brazil; Chair of Advisory... of the Transformation Hardening Function . . . . . . . . . 146 D. Comparison with Experimental Tests . . . . . . . . . . . . 148 E. Comparison of the Current Models Predictions with Calorimetric Results . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 149 VIII CHAOTIC...

Machado, Luciano G

2008-10-10T23:59:59.000Z

276

Entanglement of spin waves among four quantum memories  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Quantum networks are composed of quantum nodes that interact coherently by way of quantum channels and open a broad frontier of scientific opportunities. For example, a quantum network can serve as a `web' for connecting quantum processors for computation and communication, as well as a `simulator' for enabling investigations of quantum critical phenomena arising from interactions among the nodes mediated by the channels. The physical realization of quantum networks generically requires dynamical systems capable of generating and storing entangled states among multiple quantum memories, and of efficiently transferring stored entanglement into quantum channels for distribution across the network. While such capabilities have been demonstrated for diverse bipartite systems (i.e., N=2 quantum systems), entangled states with N > 2 have heretofore not been achieved for quantum interconnects that coherently `clock' multipartite entanglement stored in quantum memories to quantum channels. Here, we demonstrate high-fidelity measurement-induced entanglement stored in four atomic memories; user-controlled, coherent transfer of atomic entanglement to four photonic quantum channels; and the characterization of the full quadripartite entanglement by way of quantum uncertainty relations. Our work thereby provides an important tool for the distribution of multipartite entanglement across quantum networks.

K. S. Choi; A. Goban; S. B. Papp; S. J. van Enk; H. J. Kimble

2010-07-09T23:59:59.000Z

277

Rerun: Exploiting Episodes for Lightweight Memory Race Recording  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Multiprocessor deterministic replay has many potential uses in the era of multicore computing, including enhanced debugging, fault tolerance, and intrusion detection. While sources of nondeterminism in a uniprocessor can be recorded efficiently in software, it seems likely that hardware support will be needed in a multiprocessor environment where the outcome of memory races must also be recorded. We develop a memory race recording mechanism, called Rerun, that uses small hardware state (~166 bytes/core), writes a small race log (~4 bytes/kiloinstruction), and operates well as the number of cores per system scales (e.g., to 16 cores). Rerun exploits the dual of conventional wisdom in race recording: Rather than record information about individual memory accesses that conflict, we record how long a thread executes without conflicting with other threads. In particular, Rerun passively creates atomic episodes. Each episode is a dynamic instruction sequence that a thread happens to execute without interacting with other threads. Rerun uses Lamport Clocks to order episodes and enable replay of an equivalent execution. 1.

Derek R. Hower; Mark D. Hill

278

CX-004039: Categorical Exclusion Determination | Department of...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Renewable Energy Energy Efficiency and Conservation Block Grant Program. 1) Rest Room boiler replacement; 2) Courthouse Annex boiler replacement; 3) Judge Guenther Memorial...

279

CX-003824: Categorical Exclusion Determination | Department of...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy, National Energy Technology Laboratory Install solar thermal hot water system on the existing roof of the Kellenberg Memorial High...

280

CX-002049: Categorical Exclusion Determination | Department of...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

linear feet geothermal lines to link Hans P. Peterson Memorial Hospital and adjacent health care facilities, known as Philip Health Services, with an existing Philip...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "determination rockingham memorial" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


281

CX-002050: Categorical Exclusion Determination | Department of...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

fund. The projects listed within this EF-1 include: Scott Jenkins Memorial Park light-emitting diode (LED) lights, Education and outreach to business and residents, Building...

282

Reducing Memory and Traffic Requirements for Scalable Directory-Based Cache Coherence Schemes  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

As multiprocessors are scaled beyond single bus systems, there is renewed interest in directory-based cache coherence schemes. These schemes rely on a directory to keep track of all processors caching a memory block. When a write to that block occurs, pointto -point invalidation messages are sent to keep the caches coherent. A straightforward way of recording the identities of processors caching a memory block is to use a bit vector per memory block, with one bit per processor. Unfortunately, when the main memory grows linearly with the number of processors, the total size of the directory memory grows as the square of the number of processors, which is prohibitive for large machines. To remedy this problem several schemes that use a limited number of pointers per directory entry have been suggested. These schemes often cause excessive invalidation traffic. In this paper, we propose two simple techniques that significantly reduce invalidation traffic and directory memory requirements. ...

Anoop Gupta; Wolf-dietrich Weber; Todd Mowry

1990-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

283

Mapping virtual addresses to different physical addresses for value disambiguation for thread memory access requests  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A multiprocessor system includes nodes. Each node includes a data path that includes a core, a TLB, and a first level cache implementing disambiguation. The system also includes at least one second level cache and a main memory. For thread memory access requests, the core uses an address associated with an instruction format of the core. The first level cache uses an address format related to the size of the main memory plus an offset corresponding to hardware thread meta data. The second level cache uses a physical main memory address plus software thread meta data to store the memory access request. The second level cache accesses the main memory using the physical address with neither the offset nor the thread meta data after resolving speculation. In short, this system includes mapping of a virtual address to a different physical addresses for value disambiguation for different threads.

Gala, Alan; Ohmacht, Martin

2014-09-02T23:59:59.000Z

284

The role of non-volatile memory from an application perspective  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Current, emerging, and future NVM (non-volatile memory) technologies give us hope that we will be able to architect HPC (high performance computing) systems that initially use them in a memory and storage hierarchy, and eventually use them as the memory and storage for the system, complete with ownership and protections as a HDD-based (hard-disk-drive-based) file system provides today.

Kettering, Brett M [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Nunez, James A [Los Alamos National Laboratory

2010-09-16T23:59:59.000Z

285

Analysis of a quantum memory for photons based on controlled reversible inhomogeneous broadening  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We present a detailed analysis of a quantum memory for photons based on controlled and reversible inhomogeneous broadening (CRIB). The explicit solution of the equations of motion is obtained in the weak excitation regime, making it possible to gain insight into the dependence of the memory efficiency on the optical depth, and on the width and shape of the atomic spectral distributions. We also study a simplified memory protocol which does not require any optical control fields.

Nicolas Sangouard; Christoph Simon; Mikael Afzelius; Nicolas Gisin

2007-01-30T23:59:59.000Z

286

Memory and normal ageing in adults with intellectual disabilities : a research portfolio  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Background: Assessment of dementia in adults with intellectual disabilities poses specific challenges. Firstly, there is a paucity of validated, standardised and appropriate neuropsychological assessments of memory for ...

McPaul, Ann

2014-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

287

Composable Memory Transactions Tim Harris Simon Marlow Simon Peyton Jones Maurice Herlihy  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Composable Memory Transactions Tim Harris Simon Marlow Simon Peyton Jones Maurice Herlihy Microsoft Research 7 J J Thomson Avenue, Cambridge, UK, CB3 0FB {tharris

Ramsey, Norman

288

Three-terminal resistive switching memory in a transparent vertical-configuration device  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The resistive switching phenomenon has attracted much attention recently for memory applications. It describes the reversible change in the resistance of a dielectric between two non-volatile states by the application of electrical pulses. Typical resistive switching memories are two-terminal devices formed by an oxide layer placed between two metal electrodes. Here, we report on the fabrication and operation of a three-terminal resistive switching memory that works as a reconfigurable logic component and offers an increased logic density on chip. The three-terminal memory device we present is transparent and could be further incorporated in transparent computing electronic technologies.

Ungureanu, Mariana; Llopis, Roger [CIC nanoGUNE Consolider, Donostia - San Sebastian (Spain)] [CIC nanoGUNE Consolider, Donostia - San Sebastian (Spain); Casanova, Flix; Hueso, Luis E. [CIC nanoGUNE Consolider, Donostia - San Sebastian (Spain) [CIC nanoGUNE Consolider, Donostia - San Sebastian (Spain); Ikerbasque, Basque Foundation for Science, Bilbao (Spain)

2014-01-06T23:59:59.000Z

289

SENSING THE PAST: ETHNOAESTHETICS AND MEMORY WITHIN OKLAHOMA CHOCTAW CULTURAL REVITALIZATION PROJECTS.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??Collective memories and how they are enacted through sensual experience of the material world play a key role in maintaining group identities. Material creations like (more)

Burns, Jennifer Lynn

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

290

E-Print Network 3.0 - autobiographical memory retrieval Sample...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

and remote memory during both ... Source: Corkin, Suzanne - Department of Brain and Cognitive Science, Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) Collection: Biology and...

291

E-Print Network 3.0 - activated shape memory Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Search Sample search results for: activated shape memory Page: << < 1 2 3 4 5 > >> 1 Cognitive Brain Research 17 (2003) 7582 www.elsevier.comlocatecogbrainres Summary: Distinct...

292

E-Print Network 3.0 - associative memory encoding Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

to improve ... Source: Washington University in St. Louis, Department of Psychology, Cognitive Control and Psychopathology Laboratory Collection: Biology and Medicine 2 Memory...

293

E-Print Network 3.0 - auditory verbal memory Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

representing verbal information... explaining it. Individual Differences in Verbal Cognitive Styles Jennifer H. DeSantis, David J. M. Kraemer... , J. (2005). Memory & Cognition,...

294

Rebuilding it Better: Greensburg, Kansas, Kiowa County Memorial Hospital (Brochure) (Revised)  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)

This brochure details the sustainable and green aspects of the LEED Platinum-designed Kiowa County Memorial Hospital in Greensburg, Kansas.

295

Method of pedestal and common-mode noise correction for switched-capacitor analog memories  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A method and apparatus are disclosed for correcting common-mode noise and pedestal noise in a multichannel array of switched-capacitor analog memories wherein each analog memory is connected to an associated analog-to-digital converter. The apparatus comprises a single differential element in two different embodiments. In a first embodiment, the differential element is a reference analog memory connected to a buffer. In the second embodiment, the differential element is a reference analog memory connected to a reference analog-to-digital connected to an array of digital summing circuits. 4 figs.

Britton, C.L.

1996-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

296

EMPOWERING DIGITAL SELF DETERMINATION  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

: Communication and Digital Media 2. Data Context and Digital Personas 3. Personal Data: Use, ReuseEMPOWERING DIGITAL SELF DETERMINATION Symposium Summary Stanford University, Summer 2012 #12;#12;EMPOWERING DIGITAL SELF DETERMINATION Symposium, Stanford University, CA Summer, 2012 210 Panama Street

Das, Rhiju

297

Nanopatterned ferroelectrics for ultrahigh density rad-hard nonvolatile memories.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Radiation hard nonvolatile random access memory (NVRAM) is a crucial component for DOE and DOD surveillance and defense applications. NVRAMs based upon ferroelectric materials (also known as FERAMs) are proven to work in radiation-rich environments and inherently require less power than many other NVRAM technologies. However, fabrication and integration challenges have led to state-of-the-art FERAMs still being fabricated using a 130nm process while competing phase-change memory (PRAM) has been demonstrated with a 20nm process. Use of block copolymer lithography is a promising approach to patterning at the sub-32nm scale, but is currently limited to self-assembly directly on Si or SiO{sub 2} layers. Successful integration of ferroelectrics with discrete and addressable features of {approx}15-20nm would represent a 100-fold improvement in areal memory density and would enable more highly integrated electronic devices required for systems advances. Towards this end, we have developed a technique that allows us to carry out block copolymer self-assembly directly on a huge variety of different materials and have investigated the fabrication, integration, and characterization of electroceramic materials - primarily focused on solution-derived ferroelectrics - with discrete features of {approx}20nm and below. Significant challenges remain before such techniques will be capable of fabricating fully integrated NVRAM devices, but the tools developed for this effort are already finding broader use. This report introduces the nanopatterned NVRAM device concept as a mechanism for motivating the subsequent studies, but the bulk of the document will focus on the platform and technology development.

Brennecka, Geoffrey L.; Stevens, Jeffrey; Scrymgeour, David; Gin, Aaron V.; Tuttle, Bruce Andrew

2010-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

298

An Adaptive Memory Interface Controller for Improving Bandwidth Utilization of Hybrid and Reconfigurable Systems  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Emerging applications such as data mining, bioinformatics, knowledge discovery, social network analysis are irregular. They use data structures based on pointers or linked lists, such as graphs, unbalanced trees or unstructures grids, which generates unpredictable memory accesses. These data structures usually are large, but difficult to partition. These applications mostly are memory bandwidth bounded and have high synchronization intensity. However, they also have large amounts of inherent dynamic parallelism, because they potentially perform a task for each one of the element they are exploring. Several efforts are looking at accelerating these applications on hybrid architectures, which integrate general purpose processors with reconfigurable devices. Some solutions, which demonstrated significant speedups, include custom-hand tuned accelerators or even full processor architectures on the reconfigurable logic. In this paper we present an approach for the automatic synthesis of accelerators from C, targeted at irregular applications. In contrast to typical High Level Synthesis paradigms, which construct a centralized Finite State Machine, our approach generates dynamically scheduled hardware components. While parallelism exploitation in typical HLS-generated accelerators is usually bound within a single execution flow, our solution allows concurrently running multiple execution flow, thus also exploiting the coarser grain task parallelism of irregular applications. Our approach supports multiple, multi-ported and distributed memories, and atomic memory operations. Its main objective is parallelizing as many memory operations as possible, independently from their execution time, to maximize the memory bandwidth utilization. This significantly differs from current HLS flows, which usually consider a single memory port and require precise scheduling of memory operations. A key innovation of our approach is the generation of a memory interface controller, which dynamically maps concurrent memory accesses to multiple ports. We present a case study on a typical irregular kernel, Graph Breadth First search (BFS), exploring different tradeoffs in terms of parallelism and number of memories.

Castellana, Vito G.; Tumeo, Antonino; Ferrandi, Fabrizio

2014-05-30T23:59:59.000Z

299

Active control of underwater propulsor using shape memory alloys  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of submarines10 as control surface deflection tabs and linear actuators in biomimetic hydrofoils11-12. The material chosen in many of these studies and research applications is the Shape Memory Alloy (SMA). This material is attractive due to its small size... section. The water tunnel is powered by a Baldor 25-hp electric motor and with the cross-section specified above allows for a maximum velocity of approximately 1 m/s. To be ab le to obtain reliable data from the test run of the 2-D hydrofoil...

Wasylyszyn, Jonathan Allen

2007-04-25T23:59:59.000Z

300

Shape memory alloy heat engines and energy harvesting systems  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A heat engine includes a first rotatable pulley and a second rotatable pulled spaced from the first rotatable pulley. A shape memory alloy (SMA) element is disposed about respective portions of the pulleys at an SMA pulley ratio. The SMA element includes first spring coil and a first fiber core within the first spring coil. A timing cable is disposed about disposed about respective portions of the pulleys at a timing pulley ratio, which is different than the SMA pulley ratio. The SMA element converts a thermal energy gradient between the hot region and the cold region into mechanical energy.

Browne, Alan L; Johnson, Nancy L; Keefe, Andrew C; Alexander, Paul W; Sarosi, Peter Maxwell; Herrera, Guillermo A; Yates, James Ryan

2013-12-17T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "determination rockingham memorial" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


301

Precision spectral manipulation: a demonstration using a coherent optical memory  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The ability to coherently spectrally manipulate quantum information has the potential to improve qubit rates across quantum channels and find applications in optical quantum computing. In this paper we present experiments that use a multi-element solenoid combined with the three-level gradient echo memory scheme to perform precision spectral manipulation of optical pulses. These operations include bandwidth and frequency manipulation, spectral filtering of separate frequency components, as well as time-delayed interference between pulses with both the same, and different, frequencies. These operations have potential uses in quantum information applications.

Sparkes, B M; Hosseini, M; Higginbottom, D; Campbell, G; Lam, P K; Buchler, B C

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

302

Topologically-protected quantum memory interfacing atomic and superconducting qubits  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We propose a scheme to manipulate a kind of topological spin qubits realized with cold atoms in a one-dimensional optical lattice. In particularly, by introducing a quantum optomechanical setup, we are able to fist transfer a superconducting qubit state to an atomic state and then to store it into the topological spin qubit. In this way, an efficient topological quantum memory may be constructed for the superconducting qubit. Therefore, we can consolidate the advantages of both the noise resistance of topological qubits and the scalability of superconducting qubits in this hybrid architecture.

Zheng-Yuan Xue; Zhang-qi Yin; Yan Chen; Z. D. Wang; Shi-Liang Zhu

2013-01-17T23:59:59.000Z

303

Content-addressable memory based enforcement of configurable policies  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A monitoring device for monitoring transactions on a bus includes content-addressable memory ("CAM") and a response policy unit. The CAM includes an input coupled to receive a bus transaction tag based on bus traffic on the bus. The CAM stores data tags associated with rules of a security policy to compare the bus transaction tag to the data tags. The CAM generates an output signal indicating whether one or more matches occurred. The response policy unit is coupled to the CAM to receive the output signal from the CAM and to execute a policy action in response to the output signal.

Berg, Michael J

2014-05-06T23:59:59.000Z

304

Executive function processes: inhibition, working memory, planning and attention in children and youth with Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This study examines the roles of inhibition, attention, working memory, and planning in youth with and without ADHD. As conceptualized in theories of attention, inhibition, and working memory, difficulties with these executive processes interact...

Wolfe, Monica Eileen

2006-04-12T23:59:59.000Z

305

Awards for Sabbatical Study The Oppenheimer Memorial Trust (OMT) awards a limited number of grants each year to support  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Awards for Sabbatical Study The Oppenheimer Memorial Trust (OMT) awards a limited number of grants with the Trust's reporting procedures. The Manager Oppenheimer Memorial Trust First Floor, No. 9 St. David's Park

306

Graphene Synthesis by Thermal Cracker Enhanced Gas Source Molecular Beam Epitaxy and Its Applications in Flash Memory  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

in growing large-area graphene on Co substrates. 3.5that nanocrystal based graphene memory is promising for97, 123105 Chapter 5: Graphene nano dots memory capacitor

Zhan, Ning

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

307

Cdk5 Is Required for Memory Function and Hippocampal Plasticity via the cAMP Signaling Pathway  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Memory formation is modulated by pre- and post-synaptic signaling events in neurons. The neuronal protein kinase Cyclin-Dependent Kinase 5 (Cdk5) phosphorylates a variety of synaptic substrates and is implicated in memory ...

Zhang, Lei

308

Evaluation of the colossal electroresistance (CER) effect and its application in the non-volatile Resistive Random Access Memory (RRAM)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Flash memory, the current leading technology for non-volatile memory (NVM), is projected by many to run obsolete in the face of future miniaturization trend in the semiconductor devices due to some of its technical ...

Wicaksono, Aulia Tegar

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

309

Near-infrared noninvasive spectroscopic determination of pH  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

Methods and apparatus for, preferably, determining noninvasively and in vitro pH in a human. The non-invasive method includes the steps of: generating light at three or more different wavelengths in the range of 1000 nm to 2500 nm; irradiating blood containing tissue; measuring the intensities of the wavelengths emerging from the blood containing tissue to obtain a set of at least three spectral intensities v. wavelengths; and determining the unknown values of pH. The determination of pH is made by using measured intensities at wavelengths that exhibit change in absorbance due to histidine titration. Histidine absorbance changes are due to titration by hydrogen ions. The determination of the unknown pH values is performed by at least one multivariate algorithm using two or more variables and at least one calibration model. The determined pH values are within the physiological ranges observed in blood containing tissue. The apparatus includes a tissue positioning device, a source, at least one detector, electronics, a microprocessor, memory, and apparatus for indicating the determined values.

Alam, Mary K. (P.O. Box 1083, Cedar Crest, NM 87008); Robinson, Mark R. (1415 Calle del Ranchero NE, Albuquerque, NM 87106)

1998-08-11T23:59:59.000Z

310

Memory Design and Exploration for Low Power, Embedded Systems WEN-TSONG SHIUE AND CHAITALI CHAKRABARTI  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

-chip. In the first step, we try to reduce the power consumption due to memory traffic by applying memory and energy consumption. We include energy in the performance metrics, since for different cache configurations, the variation in energy consumption is quite different from the variation in the number of cycles

Kambhampati, Subbarao

311

A combined analytical, numerical, and experimental study of shape-memory-alloy helical springs  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

springs with large ratios of mean coil radius to the cross sectional radius (spring index) and small pitchA combined analytical, numerical, and experimental study of shape-memory-alloy helical springs Reza memory alloy (SMA) Torsion Helical spring Pseudoelastic a b s t r a c t In this paper, the pseudoelastic

Entekhabi, Dara

312

Cache directory look-up re-use as conflict check mechanism for speculative memory requests  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

In a cache memory, energy and other efficiencies can be realized by saving a result of a cache directory lookup for sequential accesses to a same memory address. Where the cache is a point of coherence for speculative execution in a multiprocessor system, with directory lookups serving as the point of conflict detection, such saving becomes particularly advantageous.

Ohmacht, Martin

2013-09-10T23:59:59.000Z

313

Data recovery from damaged electronic memory devices D I Konopinski, A J Kenyon  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Data recovery from damaged electronic memory devices D I Konopinski, A J Kenyon Department-volatile memory used as a storage device for user/subscriber-related data, much like that found in an electronic there is no power to the device. The thinnest part of the oxide is the tunnel oxide layer through which electrons

Haddadi, Hamed

314

Design and construction of the high-speed optoelectronic memory system  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Design and construction of the high-speed optoelectronic memory system demonstrator Roberto-speed optoelectronic memory system project is concerned with the reduction of latency within multiprocessor computer systems (a key problem) by the use of optoelectronics and associated packaging technologies. System

Jahns, Jürgen

315

Time and Cognitive Load 1 Time and Cognitive Load in Working Memory  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Time and Cognitive Load 1 Time and Cognitive Load in Working Memory Pierre Barrouillet*, Sophie Bourgogne Running head: Time and Cognitive Load Corresponding author: Pierre Barrouillet Pierre manuscript, published in "Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition 33, 3 (2007

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

316

Neural Mechanisms of Interference Control in Working Memory: Effects of Interference Expectancy and Fluid  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

) Neural Mechanisms of Interference Control in Working Memory: Effects of Interference Expectancy and FluidNeural Mechanisms of Interference Control in Working Memory: Effects of Interference Expectancy and Fluid Intelligence Gregory C. Burgess1 *, Todd S. Braver2 1 Institute of Cognitive Science, University

317

Extending the Lifetime of Media Recorders Constrained by Battery and Flash Memory Size  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

balancing the energy consumption and the flash memory usage. The proposed method can be effectively employed recorders that signifi- cantly enhances their lifetime while minimizing the flash memory usage.3 [Microcomputers]: Portable devices (e.g., laptops, personal digital assistants) General Terms Design, Performance

Kambhampati, Subbarao

318

Memory Consumption Analysis for the GOE and PET Unequal Erasure Protection Schemes  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Memory Consumption Analysis for the GOE and PET Unequal Erasure Protection Schemes Aline Roumy Encoding Transmission (PET) [2], while the other family uses a dedicated signaling scheme, as is the case such a practical metric as the peak memory consumption. Thanks to a modeling of the packet storage behavior

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

319

Memory-Efficient, Full-Space Implementation of Multi-Period Two ...  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Dec 17, 2013 ... and multi-stage Stochastic Programming (SP) models with exogenous uncertainty that ..... Note that the implicit memory-efficient model has essentially the same structure as of the ..... the memory resources, and therefore the presolve could not be applied to reduce ... Springer Science+Business Media New.

2013-12-17T23:59:59.000Z

320

Interannual memory effects for spring NDVI in semi-arid South Africa Yves Richard,1  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Interannual memory effects for spring NDVI in semi-arid South Africa Yves Richard,1 Nade`ge Martiny vegetation dynamics of semi-arid South Africa may preferably be driven by biological rather than hydrological (2008), Interannual memory effects for spring NDVI in semi-arid South Africa, Geophys. Res. Lett., 35, L

Boyer, Edmond

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "determination rockingham memorial" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


321

Internal stress storage in shape memory polymer nanocomposites Ken Gall,a)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

shape memory polymer matrix. Although the shape memory effect is not inherent to the ceramic strain, by the inclusion of hard ceramic reinforcements.3 In the present study, we examine the storage and release of internal stress in nanometer-scale SiC ceramic reinforce- ments embedded in an amorphous active

Balzar, Davor

322

M.K. Johnson et al. 1 Running Head: COGNITIVE NEUROSCIENCE OF MEMORY  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

M.K. Johnson et al. 1 Running Head: COGNITIVE NEUROSCIENCE OF MEMORY In Press. In R. F. Belli (Ed on Motivation, Vol. 58. The Cognitive Neuroscience of True and False Memories Marcia K. Johnson, Carol L. Raye, Karen J. Mitchell, & Elizabeth Ankudowich Yale University Send correspondence to: Marcia K. Johnson

Johnson, Marcia K.

323

Bayesian wavelet approaches for parameter estimation and change point detection in long memory processes  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The main goal of this research is to estimate the model parameters and to detect multiple change points in the long memory parameter of Gaussian ARFIMA(p, d, q) processes. Our approach is Bayesian and inference is done on wavelet domain. Long memory...

Ko, Kyungduk

2005-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

324

The Anatomy of a Memory: Insights Into How Information is Stored in the Brain  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The Anatomy of a Memory: Insights Into How Information is Stored in the Brain Maria Concetta, to the ability of our brains to record and to store our experiences. Memory is the glue that binds our mental and biologists have joined forces to open up the "black box" to study how the brain and behavior allows us

Qian, Ning

325

Compiler Algorithms for Optimizing Locality and Parallelism on Shared and Distributed Memory Machines  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

deliver scal- able performance but are difficult to program. Shared memory machines, on the other hand machines, optimizing data decomposition has a large impact on the overall performance of these machines Machines M. Kandemiry J. Ramanujamz A. Choudharyx Abstract Distributed memory message passing machines can

Kuzmanovic, Aleksandar

326

Compiler Algorithms for Optimizing Locality and Parallelism on Shared and Distributed Memory Machines \\Lambda  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

machines can deliver scal­ able performance but are difficult to program. Shared memory machines a large impact on the overall performance of these machines. \\Lambda This work is supported in part by NSF Machines \\Lambda M. Kandemir y J. Ramanujam z A. Choudhary x Abstract Distributed memory message passing

Ramanujam, J. "Ram"

327

Pre-and Post-Scheduling Memory Allocation Strategies on MPSoCs  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of deriving, from a Synchronous Dataflow (SDF) algorithm description, a Memory Exclusion Graph (MEG on descriptions of real applications and a set of random SDF graphs generated with the SDF For Free (SDF3) toolC. This paper focuses on memory allocation of applications described by a Synchronous Dataflow (SDF) Model

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

328

Energy-aware Allocation of Dynamic Variables in Partitioned Memory Architectures  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Energy-aware Allocation of Dynamic Variables in Partitioned Memory Architectures Renato Levy This paper addresses the problem of minimizing the energy consumption by the memory subsystem in an embedded system. While significant work in the literature has addressed compiler driven energy aware allocation

Simha, Rahul

329

JETC: Joint Energy Thermal and Cooling Management for Memory and CPU Subsystems in Servers  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

JETC: Joint Energy Thermal and Cooling Management for Memory and CPU Subsystems in Servers Raid In this work we propose a joint energy, thermal and cooling management technique (JETC) that significantly re- duces per server cooling and memory energy costs. Our analysis shows that decoupling the optimization

Simunic, Tajana

330

A Parallel External-Memory Frontier Breadth-First Traversal Algorithm for Clusters of Workstations  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A Parallel External-Memory Frontier Breadth-First Traversal Algorithm for Clusters of Workstations-based external-memory frontier breadth- first traversal with delayed duplicate detection algorithm. The algorithm is the Frontier Breadth-First Traversal (FBFT) algorithm [7]. The amount of space required by FBFT is proportional

Amaral, José Nelson

331

[The Carhart Memorial Lecture, American Auditory Society, Salt Lake City, Utah 1996] Ear & Hearing  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

[The Carhart Memorial Lecture, American Auditory Society, Salt Lake City, Utah 1996] Ear & Hearing. Publication Type: [The Carhart Memorial Lecture, American Auditory Society, Salt Lake City, Utah 1996] ISSN and in Sentences Olsen, Wayne O.; Van Tasell, Dianne J.; Speaks, Charles E. Author Information Section of Audiology

Allen, Jont

332

Using ICT to support public and private community memories: case studies and lessons learned  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

audience. Increasingly, community memories are being developed using social software within the public the development of memories across a variety of communities. We identify a spectrum of deployment from private goals. Private spaces can be created to enhance existing interactions, develop bonding capital and build

Holland, Simon

333

Secure Memories Resistant to Both Random Errors and Fault Injection Attacks Using Nonlinear Error Correction Codes  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

University, Boston , USA shizunge@bu.edu, wang.zhen.mtk@gmail.com, luopei@bu.edu, markkar@bu.edu Abstract and internal memories in em- bedded systems. Non-volatile memories like EEPROM and Flashes are often used author now works for Mediatek Wireless, Inc. The work of the fourth author is sponsored by the NSF grant

334

Efficient Multi-Ported Memories for FPGAs Charles Eric LaForest and J. Gregory Steffan  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Efficient Multi-Ported Memories for FPGAs Charles Eric LaForest and J. Gregory Steffan Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering University of Toronto {laforest,steffan}@eecg.toronto.edu ABSTRACT Multi-ported ports. We present a thorough exploration of the design space of FPGA-based soft multi-ported memories

Toronto, University of

335

Magnetic Shape Memory Alloys as smart materials for micro-positioning devices , N. Calchand1  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Magnetic Shape Memory Alloys as smart materials for micro-positioning devices A. Hubert1 , N reports recent results obtained using a new type of smart material called Magnetic Shape Memory Alloy-mail: arnaud.hubert@femto-st.fr Abstract In the field of microrobotics, actuators based on smart ma- terials

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

336

JETC: Joint Energy, Thermal and Cooling Management for CPU and Memory  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

JETC: Joint Energy, Thermal and Cooling Management for CPU and Memory Subsystems in Servers Raid Ayoub, Rajib Nath, Tajana Rosing, UCSD 2052.002 Observation Model of Thermal Coupling Between CPU: No Memory Management NCM: No CPU Migration DLB: Dynamic Load Balancing DTM-CM+PI: Dynamic Thermal Management

Simunic, Tajana

337

Photonic quantum memory in two-level ensembles based on modulating the refractive index in time: equivalence to gradient echo memory  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We present a quantum memory protocol that allows to store light in ensembles of two-level atoms, e.g. rare-earth ions doped into a crystal, by modulating the refractive index of the host medium of the atoms linearly in time. We show that under certain conditions the resulting dynamics is equivalent to that underlying the gradient echo memory protocol, which relies on a spatial gradient of the atomic resonance frequencies. We discuss the prospects for an experimental implementation.

Clark, James; Simon, Christoph

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

338

Storage of hyperentanglement in a solid-state quantum memory  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Two photons can simultaneously share entanglement between several degrees of freedom such as polarization, energy-time, spatial mode and orbital angular momentum. This resource is known as hyperentanglement, and it has been shown to be an important tool for optical quantum information processing. Here we demonstrate the quantum storage and retrieval of photonic hyperentanglement in a solid-state quantum memory. A pair of photons entangled in polarization and energy-time is generated such that one photon is stored in the quantum memory, while the other photon has a telecommunication wavelength suitable for transmission in optical fibre. We measured violations of a Clauser-Horne-Shimony-Holt (CHSH) Bell inequality for each degree of freedom, independently of the other one, which proves the successful storage and retrieval of the two bits of entanglement shared by the photons. Our scheme is compatible with long-distance quantum communication in optical fibre, and is in particular suitable for linear-optical entanglement purification for quantum repeaters.

Alexey Tiranov; Jonathan Lavoie; Alban Ferrier; Philippe Goldner; Varun B. Verma; Sae Woo Nam; Richard P. Mirin; Adriana E. Lita; Francesco Marsili; Harald Herrmann; Christine Silberhorn; Nicolas Gisin; Mikael Afzelius; Felix Bussieres

2014-12-19T23:59:59.000Z

339

A new concept of vertically integrated pattern recognition associative memory  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Hardware-based pattern recognition for fast triggering on particle tracks has been successfully used in high-energy physics experiments for some time. The CDF Silicon Vertex Trigger (SVT) at the Fermilab Tevatron is an excellent example. The method used there, developed in the 1990's, is based on algorithms that use a massively parallel associative memory architecture to identify patterns efficiently at high speed. However, due to much higher occupancy and event rates at the LHC, and the fact that the LHC detectors have a much larger number of channels in their tracking detectors, there is an enormous challenge in implementing fast pattern recognition for a track trigger, requiring about three orders of magnitude more associative memory patterns than what was used in the original CDF SVT. Scaling of current technologies is unlikely to satisfy the scientific needs of the future, and investments in transformational new technologies need to be made. In this paper, we will discuss a new concept of using the emerging 3D vertical integration technology to significantly advance the state-of-the-art for fast pattern recognition within and outside HEP. A generic R and D proposal based on this new concept, with a few institutions involved, has recently been submitted to DOE with the goal to design and perform the ASIC engineering necessary to realize a prototype device. The progress of this R and D project will be reported in the future. Here we will only focus on the concept of this new approach.

Liu, Ted; Hoff, Jim; Deptuch, Grzegorz; Yarema, Ray; /Fermilab; ,

2011-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

340

Parallel Breadth-First Search on Distributed Memory Systems  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Data-intensive, graph-based computations are pervasive in several scientific applications, and are known to to be quite challenging to implement on distributed memory systems. In this work, we explore the design space of parallel algorithms for Breadth-First Search (BFS), a key subroutine in several graph algorithms. We present two highly-tuned par- allel approaches for BFS on large parallel systems: a level-synchronous strategy that relies on a simple vertex-based partitioning of the graph, and a two-dimensional sparse matrix- partitioning-based approach that mitigates parallel commu- nication overhead. For both approaches, we also present hybrid versions with intra-node multithreading. Our novel hybrid two-dimensional algorithm reduces communication times by up to a factor of 3.5, relative to a common vertex based approach. Our experimental study identifies execu- tion regimes in which these approaches will be competitive, and we demonstrate extremely high performance on lead- ing distributed-memory parallel systems. For instance, for a 40,000-core parallel execution on Hopper, an AMD Magny- Cours based system, we achieve a BFS performance rate of 17.8 billion edge visits per second on an undirected graph of 4.3 billion vertices and 68.7 billion edges with skewed degree distribution.

Computational Research Division; Buluc, Aydin; Madduri, Kamesh

2011-04-15T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "determination rockingham memorial" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


341

Engineering complex topological memories from simple Abelian models  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In three spatial dimensions, particles are limited to either bosonic or fermionic statistics. Two-dimensional systems, on the other hand, can support anyonic quasiparticles exhibiting richer statistical behaviors. An exciting proposal for quantum computation is to employ anyonic statistics to manipulate information. Since such statistical evolutions depend only on topological characteristics, the resulting computation is intrinsically resilient to errors. The so-called non-Abelian anyons are most promising for quantum computation, but their physical realization may prove to be complex. Abelian anyons, however, are easier to understand theoretically and realize experimentally. Here we show that complex topological memories inspired by non-Abelian anyons can be engineered in Abelian models. We explicitly demonstrate the control procedures for the encoding and manipulation of quantum information in specific lattice models that can be implemented in the laboratory. This bridges the gap between requirements for anyonic quantum computation and the potential of state-of-the-art technology. - Highlights: > A novel quantum memory using Abelian anyons is developed. > This uses an advanced encoding, inspired by non-Abelian anyons. > Errors are suppressed topologically, by means of single spin interactions. > An implementation with current Josephson junction technology is proposed.

Wootton, James R., E-mail: phyjrw@leeds.ac.uk [School of Physics and Astronomy, University of Leeds, Woodhouse Lane, Leeds LS2 9JT (United Kingdom); Lahtinen, Ville [School of Physics and Astronomy, University of Leeds, Woodhouse Lane, Leeds LS2 9JT (United Kingdom); Doucot, Benoit [Laboratoire de Physique Theorique et Hautes Energies, Universite Paris 6 et 7, Paris (France); Pachos, Jiannis K. [School of Physics and Astronomy, University of Leeds, Woodhouse Lane, Leeds LS2 9JT (United Kingdom)

2011-09-15T23:59:59.000Z

342

Shape memory polymers based on uniform aliphatic urethane networks  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Aliphatic urethane polymers have been synthesized and characterized, using monomers with high molecular symmetry, in order to form amorphous networks with very uniform supermolecular structures which can be used as photo-thermally actuable shape memory polymers (SMPs). The monomers used include hexamethylene diisocyanate (HDI), trimethylhexamethylenediamine (TMHDI), N,N,N{prime},N{prime}-tetrakis(hydroxypropyl)ethylenediamine (HPED), triethanolamine (TEA), and 1,3-butanediol (BD). The new polymers were characterized by solvent extraction, NMR, XPS, UV/VIS, DSC, DMTA, and tensile testing. The resulting polymers were found to be single phase amorphous networks with very high gel fraction, excellent optical clarity, and extremely sharp single glass transitions in the range of 34 to 153 C. Thermomechanical testing of these materials confirms their excellent shape memory behavior, high recovery force, and low mechanical hysteresis (especially on multiple cycles), effectively behaving as ideal elastomers above T{sub g}. We believe these materials represent a new and potentially important class of SMPs, and should be especially useful in applications such as biomedical microdevices.

Wilson, T S; Bearinger, J P; Herberg, J L; Marion III, J E; Wright, W J; Evans, C L; Maitland, D J

2007-01-19T23:59:59.000Z

343

Memory is essential to the operation of a computer system, and nothing is more important to the devel-  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

per bit of the cheapest component, and the energy consump- tion of the most energy-efficient component now become the case that a memory-systems designer, wishing to build a prop- erly behaved memory to DRAM to disk. Thus, we wrote this book. On Memory Systems and Their Design © 2008 Elsevier Inc. All

Jacob, Bruce

344

Citation (as of July, 2014): Ponzio, A., & Mather, M. (in press). Hearing something emotional influences memory for what  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, in the weapon-focus effect, people remember the weapon in a real or simulated crime vividly, but at the cost influences memory for what was just seen: How arousal amplifies effects of competition in memory arousal amplifies effects of competition in memory consolidation Allison Ponzio and Mara Mather University

Mather, Mara

345

Figure 1. Block diagram of the turbo decoder. A Memory-Reduced Log-MAP Kernel for Turbo Decoder  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Figure 1. Block diagram of the turbo decoder. A Memory-Reduced Log-MAP Kernel for Turbo Decoder--Generally, the Log-MAP kernel of the turbo decoding consume large memories in hardware implement- tation of the turbo decoder is implemented to verify the proposed memory-reduced Log- MAP kernel in 3.04?3.04mm2 core

Hung, Shih-Hao

346

Determining Reactor Neutrino Flux  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Flux is an important source of uncertainties for a reactor neutrino experiment. It is determined from thermal power measurements, reactor core simulation, and knowledge of neutrino spectra of fuel isotopes. Past reactor neutrino experiments have determined the flux to (2-3)% precision. Precision measurements of mixing angle $\\theta_{13}$ by reactor neutrino experiments in the coming years will use near-far detector configurations. Most uncertainties from reactor will be canceled out. Understanding of the correlation of uncertainties is required for $\\theta_{13}$ experiments. Precise determination of reactor neutrino flux will also improve the sensitivity of the non-proliferation monitoring and future reactor experiments. We will discuss the flux calculation and recent progresses.

Jun Cao

2012-03-08T23:59:59.000Z

347

System for determining the type of nuclear radiation from detector output pulse shape  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A radiation detection system determines the type of nuclear radiation received in a detector by producing a correlation value representative of the statistical cross correlation between the shape of the detector signal and pulse shape data previously stored in memory and characteristic of respective types of radiation. The correlation value is indicative of the type of radiation. The energy of the radiation is determined from the detector signal and is used to produce a spectrum of radiation energies according to radiation type for indicating the nature of the material producing the radiation. 2 figs.

Miller, W.H.; Berliner, R.R.

1994-09-13T23:59:59.000Z

348

System for determining the type of nuclear radiation from detector output pulse shape  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A radiation detection system determines the type of nuclear radiation received in a detector by producing a correlation value representative of the statistical cross correlation between the shape of the detector signal and pulse shape data previously stored in memory and characteristic of respective types of radiation. The correlation value is indicative of the type of radiation. The energy of the radiation is determined from the detector signal and is used to produce a spectrum of radiation energies according to radiation type for indicating the nature of the material producing the radiation.

Miller, William H. (Columbia, MO); Berliner, Ronald R. (Columbia, MO)

1994-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

349

Gender determination in populus  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Gender, the expression of maleness or femaleness, in dioecious plants has been associated with changes in morphology, physiology, ecological position, and commercial importance of several species, including members of the Salicaceae family. Various mechanisms have been proposed to explain the expression of gender in Salicaceae, including sex chromosomes, simple Mendelian genes, quantitative genes, environment, and genotype-by-environment interactions. Published reports would favor a genetic basis for gender. The objective of this study was to identify molecular markers associated with gender in a segregating family of hybrid poplars. Bulked segregant analysis and chi-squared analysis were used to test for the occurrence of sex chromosomes, individual loci, and chromosome ratios (i.e., ploidy levels) as the mechanisms for gender determination. Examination of 2488 PCR based RAPD markers from 1219 primers revealed nine polymorphic bands between male and female bulked samples. However, linkage analysis indicated that none of these markers were significantly associated with gender. Chisquared results for difference in male-to-female ratios between diploid and triploid genotypes also revealed no significant differences. These findings suggest gender is not controlled via sex chromosomes, simple Mendelian loci or ratios of autosome to gender-determining loci. It is possible that gender is determined genetically by regions of the genome not sampled by the tested markers or by a complex of loci operating in an additive threshold manner or in an epistatic manner. It is also possible that gender is determined environmentally at an early zygote stage, canalizing gender expression.

McLetchie, D.N. [Univ. of Kentucky, Lexington, KY (United States). Dept. of Biological Sciences; Tuskan, G.A. [Oak Ridge National Lab., TN (United States)

1994-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

350

SNAP-25 in hippocampal CA3 region is required for long-term memory formation  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

SNAP-25 is a synaptosomal protein of 25 kDa, a key component of synaptic vesicle-docking/fusion machinery, and plays a critical role in exocytosis and neurotransmitter release. We previously reported that SNAP-25 in the hippocampal CA1 region is involved in consolidation of contextual fear memory and water-maze spatial memory (Hou et al. European J Neuroscience, 20: 1593-1603, 2004). SNAP-25 is expressed not only in the CA1 region, but also in the CA3 region, and the SNAP-25 mRNA level in the CA3 region is higher than in the CA1 region. Here, we provide evidence that SNAP-25 in the CA3 region is also involved in learning/memory. Intra-CA3 infusion of SNAP-25 antisense oligonucleotide impaired both long-term contextual fear memory and water-maze spatial memory, with short-term memory intact. Furthermore, the SNAP-25 antisense oligonucleotide suppressed the long-term potentiation (LTP) of field excitatory post-synaptic potential (fEPSP) in the mossy-fiber pathway (DG-CA3 pathway), with no effect on paired-pulse facilitation of the fEPSP. These results are consistent with the notion that SNAP-25 in the hippocampal CA3 region is required for long-term memory formation.

Hou Qiuling [Laboratory of Higher Brain Functions, Institute of Neurobiology, Institutes of Brain Science, Fudan University, 220 Han-Dan Road, Shanghai 200433 (China); Gao Xiang [Key Laboratory of Stem Cell Biology, Laboratory of Molecular Cell Biology, Institute of Biochemistry and Cell Biology, Shanghai Institutes for Biological Sciences, Chinese Academy of Sciences, 320 Yue-Yang Road, Shanghai 200031 (China); Lu Qi [Laboratory of Higher Brain Functions, Institute of Neurobiology, Institutes of Brain Science, Fudan University, 220 Han-Dan Road, Shanghai 200433 (China); Zhang Xuehan [Laboratory of Higher Brain Functions, Institute of Neurobiology, Institutes of Brain Science, Fudan University, 220 Han-Dan Road, Shanghai 200433 (China); Tu Yanyang [Key Laboratory of Stem Cell Biology, Laboratory of Molecular Cell Biology, Institute of Biochemistry and Cell Biology, Shanghai Institutes for Biological Sciences, Chinese Academy of Sciences, 320 Yue-Yang Road, Shanghai 200031 (China); Jin Meilei [Research Center of Biotechnology, Shanghai Institutes for Biological Sciences, Chinese Academy of Sciences, 500 Cao-Bao Road, Shanghai 200233 (China); Zhao Guoping [Chinese National Human Genome Center at Shanghai, 351 Guo-Shou-Jing Road, Zhang-Jiang Hi-Tech Park, Shanghai 201203 (China); Yu Lei [Department of Genetics and Center of Alcohol Studies, Rutgers University, 145 Bevier Road, Piscataway, New Jersey 08854 (United States); Jing Naihe [Key Laboratory of Stem Cell Biology, Laboratory of Molecular Cell Biology, Institute of Biochemistry and Cell Biology, Shanghai Institutes for Biological Sciences, Chinese Academy of Sciences, 320 Yue-Yang Road, Shanghai 200031 (China); Li Baoming [Laboratory of Higher Brain Functions, Institute of Neurobiology, Institutes of Brain Science, Fudan University, 220 Han-Dan Road, Shanghai 200433 (China)]. E-mail: bmli@fudan.edu.cn

2006-09-08T23:59:59.000Z

351

Shape memory alloy heat engines and energy harvesting systems  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A heat engine includes a first rotatable pulley and a second rotatable pulley spaced from the first rotatable pulley. A shape memory alloy (SMA) element is disposed about respective portions of the pulleys at an SMA pulley ratio. The SMA element includes a first wire, a second wire, and a matrix joining the first wire and the second wire. The first wire and the second wire are in contact with the pulleys, but the matrix is not in contact with the pulleys. A timing cable is disposed about respective portions of the pulleys at a timing pulley ratio, which is different than the SMA pulley ratio. The SMA element converts a thermal energy gradient between the hot region and the cold region into mechanical energy.

Browne, Alan L; Johnson, Nancy L; Shaw, John Andrew; Churchill, Christopher Burton; Keefe, Andrew C; McKnight, Geoffrey P; Alexander, Paul W; Herrera, Guillermo A; Yates, James Ryan; Brown, Jeffrey W

2014-09-30T23:59:59.000Z

352

CX-004315: Categorical Exclusion Determination | Department of...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Commercial Renewable Energy Systems - Cannon Memorial Young Men's Christian Association Solar Thermal CX(s) Applied: A9, B1.5, B1.31, B2.2, B5.1 Date: 11012010 Location(s):...

353

High speed, very large (8 megabyte) first in/first out buffer memory (FIFO)  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A fast FIFO (First In First Out) memory buffer capable of storing data at rates of 100 megabytes per second. The invention includes a data packer which concatenates small bit data words into large bit data words, a memory array having individual data storage addresses adapted to store the large bit data words, a data unpacker into which large bit data words from the array can be read and reconstructed into small bit data words, and a controller to control and keep track of the individual data storage addresses in the memory array into which data from the packer is being written and data to the unpacker is being read.

Baumbaugh, Alan E. (Batavia, IL); Knickerbocker, Kelly L. (Aurora, IL)

1989-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

354

Molecular mechanisms of memory formation : using activity regulated genes to identify active neural circuits  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A fundamental goal in neuroscience is to understand mechanisms underlying the ability to create memories from sensory experience. While large structures such as the hippocampus are known to be critical for certain types ...

Ramamoorthi, Kartik

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

355

An Investigation of word encoding strategy and verbal short term memory in developmental dyslexia  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Dyslexic children have been shown to have poorer phonological awareness and phonological memory skills than normal readers. Evidence from a number of studies shows that normal readers show impaired recall for phonologically ...

Kennedy, Hazel

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

356

Imagining the Words of Others: Public Memory and Ceremonial Repetition in American Public Discourse  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Rhetorical analyses of collective memory study how perceptions of a shared past are maintained through public texts. This analysis explores an alternative relationship between rhetoric and remembrance. Rather than study the textual form of public...

Gaffey, Adam

2013-05-07T23:59:59.000Z

357

Characterization and modeling of a shape memory allow actuated biomimetic vehicle  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The development of a biomimetic active hydrofoil that utilizes Shape Memory Alloy (SMA) actuator technology is presented herein. This work is the first stage prototype of a vehicle that will consist of many actuated body segments. The current work...

Garner, Luke Jay

1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

358

Localization of Cortical Phase and Amplitude Dynamics during Visual Working Memory Encoding and Retention  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Several studies show that the amplitudes of human brain oscillations are modulated during the performance of visual working memory (VWM) tasks in a load-dependent manner. Less is known about the dynamics and identities of ...

Palva, Satu

359

Workload Decomposition for Particle Simulation Applications on Hierarchical Distributed-Shared Memory  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

for High Performance Computing. Bus-based shared memory multiprocessor systems (SMPs) are rapidly spreading-bandwidth interconnection network, are increasingly established and used to provide high performance computing at a low cost

Vlad, Gregorio

360

Computational modeling of size-dependent superelasticity in shape memory alloys  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The superelastic effect in shape memory alloys (SMAs) is attributed to the stress-induced reversible austenitic-martensitic phase transformations. It is characterized by the development of significant strains which are ...

Qiao, Lei, Ph. D. Massachusetts Institute of Technology

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "determination rockingham memorial" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


361

A bright idea? : the promise and peril of a memory drug  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In the MIT lab of neuropharmacologist Richard Wurtman, rodents that received a new Alzheimer's drug have shown a marked improvement in learning and memory. They are able to master elaborate mazes in half the time of their ...

Dowd, William (William Michael)

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

362

Optogenetic disruption of memory-drive, oculomotor behavior in the non-human primate  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Pharmacological inactivation studies have shown that the frontal eye field (FEF) is critical for executing saccades to remembered locations. FEF neurons increase their firing rate during the three epochs of the memory-guided ...

Acker, Leah C. (Leah Christine)

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

363

Three-Dimensional Modeling of Shape Memory Polymers Considering Finite Deformations and Heat Transfer  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, thermomechanical experiments are performed on an amorphous, thermosetting polyurethane shape memory polymer. Strains of 10-25% are applied and both free recovery (zero load) and constrained displacement recovery boundary conditions are considered for each value...

Volk, Brent Louis 1985-

2012-10-16T23:59:59.000Z

364

Magneto-Thermo-Mechanical Coupling, Stability Analysis and Phenomenological Constitutive Modeling of Magnetic Shape Memory Alloys  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Magnetic shape memory alloys (MSMAs) are a class of active materials that de- form under magnetic and mechanical loading conditions. This work is concerned with the modeling of MSMAs constitutive responses. The hysteretic magneto...

Haldar, Krishnendu 1978-

2012-12-06T23:59:59.000Z

365

Adaptive inverse modeling of a shape memory alloy wire actuator and tracking control with the model  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

It is well known that the Preisach model is useful to approximate the effect of hysteresis behavior in smart materials, such as piezoactuators and Shape Memory Alloy(SMA) wire actuators. For tracking control, many researchers estimate a Preisach...

Koh, Bong Su

2009-06-02T23:59:59.000Z

366

Fabrication of NiTi shape memory alloy from elemental powders by hot isostatic pressing  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The research involved in this thesis was conducted to develop a procedure for producing cylindrical specimens of NiTi shape memory alloy for mechanical testing from elemental powders by hot isostatic pressing. Powders were mixed to ratios of 50...

McNeese, Matthew Doyle

1997-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

367

Influence of Inelastic Phenomena on the Actuation Characteristics of High Temperature Shape Memory Alloys  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Most e orts on High Temperature Shape Memory Alloys (HTSMAs), have focused on improving their work characteristics by thermomechanical treatment methods. However, the in uence of transformation induced plasticity (TRIP) and viscoplasticity during...

Kumar, Parikshith K.

2010-07-14T23:59:59.000Z

368

Keeping Time in Mind: Working Memory and Temporal Perception in the Context of Musicianship  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Temporal perception is an illusive process known to recruit a variety of sensory motor and higher cognitive faculties, including auditory working memory. The present study was intended as an exploration of the relationship ...

Noordanus, Nathanael W.

2011-06-30T23:59:59.000Z

369

Inductively Heated Shape Memory Polymer for the Magnetic Actuation of Medical Devices  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Presently there is interest in making medical devices such as expandable stents and intravascular microactuators from shape memory polymer (SMP). One of the key challenges in realizing SMP medical devices is the implementation ...

Buckley, Patrick R.

2007-01-23T23:59:59.000Z

370

Trace Reduction for Virtual Memory Simulations Scott F. Kaplan, Yannis Smaragdakis, and Paul R. Wilson  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Trace Reduction for Virtual Memory Simulations Scott F. Kaplan, Yannis Smaragdakis, and Paul R reduction. Neither requires that the simulator be modi ed to accept the reduced trace. This research

Smaragdakis, Yannis

371

Working memory performance and children's mathematical ability : investigating the effects of cognitive load on complex span  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Mathematically able and less-able children performed a series of complex working memory tasks, in which attention was regularly switched between the tasks processing and storage components. Complex span was measured ...

Cant, Valerie

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

372

Investigating the effect of cognitive load on working memory tasks in children with arithmetical difficulties  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In this study of working memory spans, children with low arithmetical ability were compared to an age-matched control group with normal arithmetical ability in their performance on dual-task procedures. Literacy skills ...

Boon, Joanna

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

373

The Role of encoding in the misinformation effect : a link to working memory  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Explanations for the misinformation effect have focused on issues in long-term memory. This exploratory study re-examines data from previous research and suggests that a visual versus verbal distinction during encoding ...

Mensen, Armand

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

374

Acoustic assisted actuation of Ni-Mn-Ga ferromagnetic shape memory alloys  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Ferromagnetic shape memory alloys (FSMA) have been shown in recent work to exhibit large magnetic field induced strains. The material generally requires a large threshold field (of order 3-4 kOe) to initiate the strain. ...

Peterson, Bradley William

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

375

Thermomechanical Cyclic Response of TiNiPd High-Temperature Shape Memory Alloys  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

TiNiPd high-temperature shape memory alloys (HTSMAs) have attracted considerable attention as potential solid-state actuators capable of operating at temperatures up to 500 C, exhibiting excellent corrosion resistance, adequate ductility levels...

Atli, Kadri

2012-10-19T23:59:59.000Z

376

Effect of Aging Heat Treatments on Ni52Ti48 Shape Memory Alloy  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Ni-rich NiTi shape memory alloys (SMAs) are capable of attaining a wide range of transformation temperatures depending on the heat treatment conditions and superior thermo-mechanical cycling stability, which are desired for repeated solid...

Akin, Erhan

2011-10-21T23:59:59.000Z

377

Convergence of the long memory Markov switching model to Brownian motion  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Sungkyunkwan University Nat´ercia Fortuna CEF.UP, Universidade do Porto Vladas Pipiras University of North memory parameter in the MS model are discussed in Baek, Fortuna and Pipiras (2014). Before providing

Pipiras, Vladas

378

Power Analysis of Atmel CryptoMemory Recovering Keys from Secure EEPROMs  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, [...] including physical attacks". We de- veloped a successful power analysis attack on the authentication step knowledge, this is the first power analysis attack on Atmel CryptoMemory products reported in the literature

Verdult, Roel

379

A Cost-Effective Tag Design for Memory Data Authentication in Embedded Systems  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

-chip memory. We aim to develop a cost effective tag design to counter physical attacks on the insecure off University of New South Wales, Australia {meihong,huig}@cse.unsw.edu.au Technical Report UNSW-CSE-TR-201209

New South Wales, University of

380

Mem. S.A.It. Vol. 73, 23 SAIt 2002 Memorie della  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Mem. S.A.It. Vol. 73, 23 c SAIt 2002 Memorie della High Performance Computing at INAF/OAPA Fabio and in high performance computing (HPC). During 2000, INAF/OAPA has acquired a HPC facility, entirely devoted

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While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


381

Frequency Response of Acoustic-Assisted NiMnGa Ferromagnetic- Shape-Memory-Alloy Actuator  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A prototype of NiMnGa based ferromagnetic-shape-memory-alloy (FSMA) actuator was designed and built; an acoustic-assist technique was applied to the actuator to enhance its performance. A piezoelectric stack actuator was ...

Techapiesancharoenkij, Ratchatee

382

9.03 Neural Basis of Learning and Memory, Fall 2001  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Topics in mammalian learning and memory including cellular mechanisms of neural plasticity, electrophysiology, and behavior. Emphasis on human and animal models of hippocampal mechanisms and function. Lectures and discussion ...

Corkin, Suzanne

383

SciTech Connect: Memory Optimization for Phase-field Simulations  

Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

English Subject: 99 GENERAL AND MISCELLANEOUS MemoryLogger; MOOSE; Optimization Word Cloud More Like This Full Text preview image File size NAView Full Text View Full Text DOI:...

384

Proficiency and working memory based explanations for nonnative speakers sensitivity to agreement in sentence processing  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This study examines the roles of proficiency and working memory (WM) capacity in second-/foreign-language (L2) learners processing of agreement morphology. It investigates the processing of grammatical and ungrammatical ...

Coughlin, Caitlyn E.; Tremblay, Annie

2013-03-07T23:59:59.000Z

385

Actuation of shape memory polymer using magnetic fields for applications in medical devices  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A novel approach to the heating and actuation of shape memory polymer using dispersed Curie temperature thermo-regulated particles is proposed. Such a material has potential applications in medical devices which are delivered ...

Buckley, Patrick Regan, 1981-

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

386

Memorial Day Weekend Sales Tax Holiday for Energy-Efficient Products  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Purchases of certain energy-efficient products during Memorial Day weekend are exempt from the state sales and use tax.* This amounts to a three-day tax holiday beginning on the Saturday preceding...

387

PUBLISHED ONLINE: 7 NOVEMBER 2010 | DOI: 10.1038/NPHYS1819 Quantum memory for entangled  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, iterative continuous- variable entanglement distillation20 , continuous-variable cluster- state quantum memory for continuous- variable non-classical states. A fractional, 20 nsec, delay of 50 nsec pulsed

Loss, Daniel

388

Assessment and preliminary model development of shape memory polymers mechanical counter pressure space suits  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This thesis seeks to assess the viability of a space qualified shape memory polymer (SMP) mechanical counter pressure (MCP) suit. A key development objective identified by the International Space Exploration Coordination ...

Wee, Brian (Brian J.)

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

389

MultiChain Prefetching: Exploiting Memory Parallelism in PointerChasing Codes  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Multi­Chain Prefetching: Exploiting Memory Parallelism in Pointer­Chasing Codes Nicholas Kohout, Seungryul Choi, and Donald Yeung Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering University of Maryland

Yeung, Donald

390

Towards Real-Time and Memory Efficient Predictions of Valve States in Diesel Engines  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Towards Real-Time and Memory Efficient Predictions of Valve States in Diesel Engines Philippe Komma T¨ubingen, Germany {philippe.komma, andreas.zell}@uni-tuebingen.de system for a diesel engine

Zell, Andreas

391

Grain boundary and triple junction constraints during martensitic transformation in shape memory alloys  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We investigate the role of grain constraint upon martensitic transformation through in situ scanning electron microscope tensile experiments on shape memory microwires with a small number of grains and grain junctions. The ...

Ueland, Stian Melhus

392

Kinetic modeling of amyloid fibrillation and synaptic plasticity as memory loss and formation mechanisms  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The principles of biochemical kinetics and system engineering are applied to explain memory-related neuroscientific phenomena. Amyloid fibrillation and synaptic plasticity have been our focus of research due to their ...

Lee, Chuang-Chung

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

393

Influence of limiting working memory resources on contextual facilitation in language processing  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Language processing is a complex task requiring the integration of many different streams of information. Theorists have considered that working memory plays an important role in language processing and that a reduction ...

Stewart, Oliver William Thomas

2014-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

394

COMMENTS ON ""EFFICIENCY OF THE SOLID-STATE ENGINE MADE WITH NITINOL MEMORY MATERIAL""  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of the Solid- State Engine Made with Nitinol Memoryof the Solid-State Engine Made'with Nitinol Memory Material"efficiency of a solid-state engine made with a Ni-Ti alloy (

Mohamed, H.A

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

395

Scaling up shape memory alloy actuators using a recruitment control architecture  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This paper presents new experimental results from a human-size robotic forearm, created to demonstrate the effectiveness of recruitment-based control architectures for large actuators made from shape memory alloys (SMA) ...

Odhner, Lael

396

Does Brain-Training Make You Smarter? Evidence from Working Memory Training Studies  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Does Brain-Training Make You Smarter? Evidence from Working Memory Training Studies Guest Lecture by Claudia von Bastian Psychology & Neuroscience be improved through cognitive training? This question is still highly controversial

Rose, Michael R.

397

Transformation Induced Fatigue of Ni-Rich NiTi Shape Memory Alloy Actuators  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In this work the transformation induced fatigue of Ni-rich NiTi shape memory alloys (SMAs) was investigated. The aerospace industry is currently considering implementing SMA actuators into new applications. However, before any new applications can...

Schick, Justin Ryan

2011-02-22T23:59:59.000Z

398

Comparing Memory Systems for Chip Multiprocessors Jacob Leverich Hideho Arakida Alex Solomatnikov  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Comparing Memory Systems for Chip Multiprocessors Jacob Leverich Hideho Arakida Alex Solomatnikov and that copies bear this notice and the full citation on the first page. To copy otherwise, to republish, to post

Kozyrakis, Christos

399

Testing Concurrent Programs on Relaxed Memory Models Jacob Burnim Koushik Sen Christos Stergiou  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Testing Concurrent Programs on Relaxed Memory Models Jacob Burnim Koushik Sen Christos Stergiou that copies are not made or distributed for profit or commercial advantage and that copies bear this notice

Sen, Koushik

400

In memory of Ray Reiter, a wise man Searle and the Art of Motorcycle Maintenance  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In memory of Ray Reiter, a wise man Searle and the Art of Motorcycle Maintenance Yoav Shoham ­ to the CRA. It is only that part that I am addressing. #12;From understanding Chinese to motorcycle

Shoham, Yoav

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "determination rockingham memorial" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


401

The Effect of Moisture Absorption on the Physical Properties of Polyurethane Shape Memory Polymer Foams  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The effect of moisture absorption on the glass transition temperature (Tg) and stress/strain behavior of network polyurethane shape memory polymer (SMP) foams has been investigated. With our ultimate goal of engineering polyurethane SMP foams...

Yu, Ya-Jen

2012-07-16T23:59:59.000Z

402

EXPLORING EFFICIENT CODING SCHEMES FOR STORING ARBITRARY TREE DATA STRUCTURES IN FLASH MEMORIES  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

fulfillment of the requirements for the designation as UNDERGRADUATE RESEARCH SCHOLAR A Senior Scholars Thesis by JUSTIN ALLEN FALCK EXPLORING EFFICIENT CODING SCHEMES FOR STORING ARBITRARY TREE DATA STRUCTURES IN FLASH MEMORIES Approved by... for the designation as UNDERGRADUATE RESEARCH SCHOLAR A Senior Scholars Thesis by JUSTIN ALLEN FALCK iii ABSTRACT Exploring Efficient Coding Schemes for Storing Arbitrary Tree Data Structures in Flash Memories. (April 2009) Justin Allen Falck...

Falck, Justin

2009-06-09T23:59:59.000Z

403

Ultratrace determination of curium  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Development of a method for detection of curium at near single atom levels is being undertaken as a part of the Advanced Concepts Project at Argonne National Laboratory with funding from the US Department of Energy, Office of Arms Control and Nonproliferation. Ultratrace determination of curium, with the ability to quantify the fraction that is curium-242, provides a signature method of detecting clandestine reprocessing of recently irradiated uranium targets. Curium initially present in any of a variety of materials such as air filters, solid or liquid process waste, soil, flora, or fauna can be recovered via current chemical separations processing techniques. Using the ultratrace method being developed, such recovered curium will be quantified with thousand-fold higher sensitivity than the best currently available method which is alpha counting. This high sensitivity arises because, on average, a given trivalent curium (Cm{sup 3+}) ion can emit a very large number of fluorescence photons before alpha decay occurs.

Beitz, J.V.

1995-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

404

Significant Radionuclides Determination  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The purpose of this calculation is to identify radionuclides that are significant to offsite doses from potential preclosure events for spent nuclear fuel (SNF) and high-level radioactive waste expected to be received at the potential Monitored Geologic Repository (MGR). In this calculation, high-level radioactive waste is included in references to DOE SNF. A previous document, ''DOE SNF DBE Offsite Dose Calculations'' (CRWMS M&O 1999b), calculated the source terms and offsite doses for Department of Energy (DOE) and Naval SNF for use in design basis event analyses. This calculation reproduces only DOE SNF work (i.e., no naval SNF work is included in this calculation) created in ''DOE SNF DBE Offsite Dose Calculations'' and expands the calculation to include DOE SNF expected to produce a high dose consequence (even though the quantity of the SNF is expected to be small) and SNF owned by commercial nuclear power producers. The calculation does not address any specific off-normal/DBE event scenarios for receiving, handling, or packaging of SNF. The results of this calculation are developed for comparative analysis to establish the important radionuclides and do not represent the final source terms to be used for license application. This calculation will be used as input to preclosure safety analyses and is performed in accordance with procedure AP-3.12Q, ''Calculations'', and is subject to the requirements of DOE/RW-0333P, ''Quality Assurance Requirements and Description'' (DOE 2000) as determined by the activity evaluation contained in ''Technical Work Plan for: Preclosure Safety Analysis, TWP-MGR-SE-000010'' (CRWMS M&O 2000b) in accordance with procedure AP-2.21Q, ''Quality Determinations and Planning for Scientific, Engineering, and Regulatory Compliance Activities''.

Jo A. Ziegler

2001-07-31T23:59:59.000Z

405

Memory Saves Lives: Inter-generational Warnings Effectiveness - 13556  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The 2011 Tohoku earthquake and tsunami was a world-class natural disaster. It has been described as the most powerful earthquake ever in Japan, and as one of the most powerful earthquakes ever noted in the world. The toll in terms of human lives lost and property destruction was unimaginable. Even the word 'horrible' is inadequate to describe the suffering and misery that resulted. Nations with nuclear power programs are engaged in, or at least planning to become engaged in, arranging to eventually dispose of their higher-level radioactive waste materials in deep geologic repositories. Geologic repositories are passive safety systems, and if undisturbed isolate these dangerous materials form the biosphere for extremely long times. The key words, however, are 'if undisturbed'. To assure that future generations do not inadvertently drill into repositories, national programs, and the international community (the Records, Knowledge and Memory (RK and M) preservation project of the Nuclear Energy Agency, for example), are proposing to place markers and/or monuments on closed repository sites that say 'do not drill here, and this is why' in various sophisticated ways. Such markers or monuments are attempts at providing passive institutional controls. The effectiveness of messages from past generations to a present generation may give an indication of how effective such passive institutional controls may be. (authors)

Van Luik, Abraham; Patterson, Russell [U.S. Department of Energy, Carlsbad Field Office, 4021 S. National Parks Highway, Carlsbad, NM 88220 (United States)] [U.S. Department of Energy, Carlsbad Field Office, 4021 S. National Parks Highway, Carlsbad, NM 88220 (United States); Shafer, David [U.S. Department of Energy, Office of Legacy Management, 11025 Dover Street, Suite 1000, Westminster, CO 80021 (United States)] [U.S. Department of Energy, Office of Legacy Management, 11025 Dover Street, Suite 1000, Westminster, CO 80021 (United States); Klein, Thomas [URS Regulatory and Environmental Services, 4021 S. National Parks Highway, Carlsbad, NM 88220 (United States)] [URS Regulatory and Environmental Services, 4021 S. National Parks Highway, Carlsbad, NM 88220 (United States)

2013-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

406

Microstructural Characterization and Shape Memory Response of Ni-Rich NiTiHf and NiTiZr High Temperature Shape Memory Alloys  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

NiTiHf and NiTiZr high temperature shape memory alloys (HTSMAs) have drawn a great deal of attention as cheaper alternatives to Pt, Pd and Au alloyed NiTi-based HTSMAs while NiTiZr alloys also providing at least 20% weight reduction then its Ni...

Evirgen, Alper

2014-08-14T23:59:59.000Z

407

The Unavoidable Metaphor of Memorial Architecture: The Boundaries and Event-Space of Chernobyl Reactor No. 4.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??In the design of memorial architecture, there is encountered an overuse of literal metaphor in order to translate difficult concepts into the built form. These (more)

van der Veen, Christopher Ian

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

408

A VAX/VMS mapped section/virtual memory utility package: Yucca Mountain Project  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A VAX/VMS Mapped Section/Virtual Memory Utility Package is a collection of FORTRAN subprograms that allocate virtual memory and, optionally, map that memory to a file. The subprograms use VMS system services and run-time libraries for allocating and mapping memory; therefore, the utility package is system dependent and functional on that platform only. FORTRAN-77 is one of the most widely used languages for computer programming. Languages have been developed in the past few decades that provide more powerful tools than FORTRAN and overcome some of its limitations. Two limitations addressed by this paper which have been a source of frustration to many programmers are that (1) FORTRAN does not provide dynamic array allocation and (2) FORTRAN file input-output is very slow. The solutions presented here are for the VAX/VMS operating system and use system services that are not part of the standard FORTRAN language description. Also discussed in this paper are dynamic array allocation, mapped sections of the program memory, and support modules. 3 refs.

Yarrington, L.

1990-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

409

Enhanced energy relaxation process of quantum memory coupled with a superconducting qubit  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

For quantum information processing, each physical system has different advantage for the implementation and so hybrid systems to benefit from several systems would be able to provide a promising approach. One of the common hybrid approach is to combine a superconducting qubit as a controllable qubit and the other quantum system with a long coherence time as a memory qubit. The superconducting qubit allows us to have an excellent controllability of the quantum states and the memory qubit is capable of storing the information for a long time. By tuning the energy splitting between the superconducting qubit and the memory qubit, it is believed that one can realize a selective coupling between them. However, we have shown that this approach has a fundamental drawback concerning energy leakage from the memory qubit. The detuned superconducting qubit is usually affected by severe decoherence, and this causes an incoherent energy relaxation from the memory qubit to the superconducting qubit via the imperfect decoupling. We have also found that this energy transport can be interpreted as an appearance of anti quantum Zeno effect induced by the fluctuation in the superconducting qubit. We also discuss a possible solution to avoid such energy relaxation process, which is feasible with existing technology.

Yuichiro Matsuzaki; Hayato Nakano

2012-01-11T23:59:59.000Z

410

Oxygen plasma immersion ion implantation treatment to enhance data retention of tungsten nanocrystal nonvolatile memory  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Data retention characteristics of tungsten nanocrystal (W-NC) memory devices using an oxygen plasma immersion ion implantation (PIII) treatment are investigated. With an increase of oxygen PIII bias voltage and treatment time, the capacitancevoltage hysteresis memory window is increased but the data retention characteristics become degraded. High-resolution transmission electron microscopy images show that this poor data retention is a result of plasma damage on the tunneling oxide layer, which can be prevented by lowering the bias voltage to 7?kV. In addition, by using the elevated temperature retention measurement technique, the effective charge trapping level of the WO{sub 3} film surrounding the W-NCs can be extracted. This measurement reveals that a higher oxygen PIII bias voltage and treatment time induces more shallow traps within the WO{sub 3} film, degrading the retention behavior of the W-NC memory.

Wang, Jer-Chyi, E-mail: jcwang@mail.cgu.edu.tw; Chang, Wei-Cheng; Lai, Chao-Sung, E-mail: cslai@mail.cgu.edu.tw [Department of Electronic Engineering, Chang Gung University, Kweishan 333, Taoyuan, Taiwan (China); Chang, Li-Chun [Department of Material Engineering and Center for Thin Film Technologies and Applications, Ming Chi University of Technology, Taishan 24301, New Taipei City, Taiwan (China); Ai, Chi-Fong; Tsai, Wen-Fa [Institute of Nuclear Energy Research, Atomic Energy Council, Longtan 325, Taoyuan, Taiwan (China)

2014-03-15T23:59:59.000Z

411

Electro-optical memory of a nematic liquid crystal doped by multi-walled carbon nanotubes  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A pronounced irreversible electro-optical response (memory effect) has been recently observed for nematic liquid crystal (LC) EBBA doped by multi-walled carbon nanotubes (MWCNTs) near the percolation threshold of the MWCNTs (0.02-0.05 wt. %). It is caused by irreversible homeotropic-to-planar reorientation of LC in an electric field. This feature is explained by electro-hydrodynamically stimulated dispergation of MWCNTs in LC and by the formation of a percolation MWCNT network which acts as a spatially distributed surface stabilizing the planar state of the LC. This mechanism is confirmed by the absence of memory in the EBBA/MWCNT composites, whose original structure is fixed by a polymer. The observed effect suggests new operation modes for the memory type and bistable LC devices, as well as a method for \\textit{in situ} dispergation of carbon nanotubes in LC cells.

L. Dolgov; O. Yaroshchuk; S. Tomylko; N. Lebovka

2012-10-04T23:59:59.000Z

412

Operating Spin Echo in the Quantum Regime for an Atomic-Ensemble Quantum Memory  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Spin echo is a powerful technique to extend atomic or nuclear coherence time by overcoming the dephasing due to inhomogeneous broadening. However, applying this technique to an ensemble-based quantum memory at single-quanta level remains challenging. In our experimental study we find that noise due to imperfection of the rephasing pulses is highly directional. By properly arranging the beam directions and optimizing the pulse fidelities, we have successfully managed to operate the spin echo technique in the quantum regime and observed nonclassical photon-photon correlations. In comparison to the case without applying the rephasing pulses, quantum memory lifetime is extended by 5 folds. Our work for the first time demonstrates the feasibility of harnessing the spin echo technique to extend lifetime of ensemble-based quantum memories at single-quanta level.

Rui, Jun; Yang, Sheng-Jun; Zhao, Bo; Bao, Xiao-Hui; Pan, Jian-Wei

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

413

Fencing direct memory access data transfers in a parallel active messaging interface of a parallel computer  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

Fencing direct memory access (`DMA`) data transfers in a parallel active messaging interface (`PAMI`) of a parallel computer, the PAMI including data communications endpoints, each endpoint including specifications of a client, a context, and a task, the endpoints coupled for data communications through the PAMI and through DMA controllers operatively coupled to segments of shared random access memory through which the DMA controllers deliver data communications deterministically, including initiating execution through the PAMI of an ordered sequence of active DMA instructions for DMA data transfers between two endpoints, effecting deterministic DMA data transfers through a DMA controller and a segment of shared memory; and executing through the PAMI, with no FENCE accounting for DMA data transfers, an active FENCE instruction, the FENCE instruction completing execution only after completion of all DMA instructions initiated prior to execution of the FENCE instruction for DMA data transfers between the two endpoints.

Blocksome, Michael A; Mamidala, Amith R

2014-02-11T23:59:59.000Z

414

Fencing direct memory access data transfers in a parallel active messaging interface of a parallel computer  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

Fencing direct memory access (`DMA`) data transfers in a parallel active messaging interface (`PAMI`) of a parallel computer, the PAMI including data communications endpoints, each endpoint including specifications of a client, a context, and a task, the endpoints coupled for data communications through the PAMI and through DMA controllers operatively coupled to segments of shared random access memory through which the DMA controllers deliver data communications deterministically, including initiating execution through the PAMI of an ordered sequence of active DMA instructions for DMA data transfers between two endpoints, effecting deterministic DMA data transfers through a DMA controller and a segment of shared memory; and executing through the PAMI, with no FENCE accounting for DMA data transfers, an active FENCE instruction, the FENCE instruction completing execution only after completion of all DMA instructions initiated prior to execution of the FENCE instruction for DMA data transfers between the two endpoints.

Blocksome, Michael A.; Mamidala, Amith R.

2013-09-03T23:59:59.000Z

415

Operating Spin Echo in the Quantum Regime for an Atomic-Ensemble Quantum Memory  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Spin echo is a powerful technique to extend atomic or nuclear coherence time by overcoming the dephasing due to inhomogeneous broadening. However, applying this technique to an ensemble-based quantum memory at single-quanta level remains challenging. In our experimental study we find that noise due to imperfection of the rephasing pulses is highly directional. By properly arranging the beam directions and optimizing the pulse fidelities, we have successfully managed to operate the spin echo technique in the quantum regime and observed nonclassical photon-photon correlations. In comparison to the case without applying the rephasing pulses, quantum memory lifetime is extended by 5 folds. Our work for the first time demonstrates the feasibility of harnessing the spin echo technique to extend lifetime of ensemble-based quantum memories at single-quanta level.

Jun Rui; Yan Jiang; Sheng-Jun Yang; Bo Zhao; Xiao-Hui Bao; Jian-Wei Pan

2015-01-26T23:59:59.000Z

416

Targeting Atmospheric Simulation Algorithms for Large Distributed Memory GPU Accelerated Computers  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Computing platforms are increasingly moving to accelerated architectures, and here we deal particularly with GPUs. In [15], a method was developed for atmospheric simulation to improve efficiency on large distributed memory machines by reducing communication demand and increasing the time step. Here, we improve upon this method to further target GPU accelerated platforms by reducing GPU memory accesses, removing a synchronization point, and better clustering computations. The modification ran over two times faster in some cases even though more computations were required, demonstrating the merit of improving memory handling on the GPU. Furthermore, we discover that the modification also has a near 100% hit rate in fast on-chip L1 cache and discuss the reasons for this. In concluding, we remark on further potential improvements to GPU efficiency.

Norman, Matthew R [ORNL

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

417

The Medial Entorhinal Cortex's role in temporal and working memory : characterization of a mouse lacking synaptic transmission in Medial Entorhinal Cortex Layer III  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Declarative memory requires the integration and association of multiple input streams within the medial temporal lobe. Understanding the role each neuronal circuit and projection plays in learning and memory is essential ...

Rivest, Alexander Jay

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

418

Scalability Analysis of Gleipnir: A Memory Tracing and Profiling Tool, on Titan  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Application performance is hindered by a variety of factors but most notably driven by the well know CPU-memory speed gap (also known as the memory wall). Understanding application s memory behavior is key if we are trying to optimize performance. Understanding application performance properties is facilitated with various performance profiling tools. The scope of profiling tools varies in complexity, ease of deployment, profiling performance, and the detail of profiled information. Specifically, using profiling tools for performance analysis is a common task when optimizing and understanding scientific applications on complex and large scale systems such as Cray s XK7. This paper describes the performance characteristics of using Gleipnir, a memory tracing tool, on the Titan Cray XK7 system when instrumenting large applications such as the Community Earth System Model. Gleipnir is a memory tracing tool built as a plug-in tool for the Valgrind instrumentation framework. The goal of Gleipnir is to provide fine-grained trace information. The generated traces are a stream of executed memory transactions mapped to internal structures per process, thread, function, and finally the data structure or variable. Our focus was to expose tool performance characteristics when using Gleipnir with a combination of an external tools such as a cache simulator, Gl CSim, to characterize the tool s overall performance. In this paper we describe our experience with deploying Gleipnir on the Titan Cray XK7 system, report on the tool s ease-of-use, and analyze run-time performance characteristics under various workloads. While all performance aspects are important we mainly focus on I/O characteristics analysis due to the emphasis on the tools output which are trace-files. Moreover, the tool is dependent on the run-time system to provide the necessary infrastructure to expose low level system detail; therefore, we also discuss any theoretical benefits that can be achieved if such modules were present.

Janjusic, Tommy [ORNL; Kartsaklis, Christos [ORNL; Wang, Dali [ORNL

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

419

Memory Function Before and After Whole Brain Radiotherapy in Patients With and Without Brain Metastases  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Purpose: To prospectively compare the effect of prophylactic and therapeutic whole brain radiotherapy (WBRT) on memory function in patients with and without brain metastases. Methods and Materials: Adult patients with and without brain metastases (n = 44) were prospectively evaluated with serial cognitive testing, before RT (T0), after starting RT (T1), at the end of RT (T2), and 6-8 weeks (T3) after RT completion. Data were obtained from small-cell lung cancer patients treated with prophylactic cranial irradiation, patients with brain metastases treated with therapeutic cranial irradiation (TCI), and breast cancer patients treated with RT to the breast. Results: Before therapy, prophylactic cranial irradiation patients performed worse than TCI patients or than controls on most test scores. During and after WBRT, verbal memory function was influenced by pretreatment cognitive status (p < 0.001) and to a lesser extent by WBRT. Acute (T1) radiation effects on verbal memory function were only observed in TCI patients (p = 0.031). Subacute (T3) radiation effects on verbal memory function were observed in both TCI and prophylactic cranial irradiation patients (p = 0.006). These effects were more pronounced in patients with above-average performance at baseline. Visual memory and attention were not influenced by WBRT. Conclusions: The results of our study have shown that WBRT causes cognitive dysfunction immediately after the beginning of RT in patients with brain metastases only. At 6-8 weeks after the end of WBRT, cognitive dysfunction was seen in patients with and without brain metastases. Because cognitive dysfunction after WBRT is restricted to verbal memory, patients should not avoid WBRT because of a fear of neurocognitive side effects.

Welzel, Grit [Department of Radiation Oncology, University Medical Center Mannheim, University of Heidelberg, Mannheim (Germany)], E-mail: grit.welzel@radonk.ma.uni-heidelberg.de; Fleckenstein, Katharina [Department of Radiation Oncology, University Medical Center Mannheim, University of Heidelberg, Mannheim (Germany); Department of Radiation Oncology, Duke University Medical Center, Durham, NC (United States); Schaefer, Joerg; Hermann, Brigitte; Kraus-Tiefenbacher, Uta; Mai, Sabine K.; Wenz, Frederik [Department of Radiation Oncology, University Medical Center Mannheim, University of Heidelberg, Mannheim (Germany)

2008-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

420

Data Movement Dominates: Advanced Memory Technology to Address the Real Exascale Power Problem  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Energy is the fundamental barrier to Exascale supercomputing and is dominated by the cost of moving data from one point to another, not computation. Similarly, performance is dominated by data movement, not computation. The solution to this problem requires three critical technologies: 3D integration, optical chip-to-chip communication, and a new communication model. The central goal of the Sandia led "Data Movement Dominates" project aimed to develop memory systems and new architectures based on these technologies that have the potential to lower the cost of local memory accesses by orders of magnitude and provide substantially more bandwidth. Only through these transformational advances can future systems reach the goals of Exascale computing with a manageable power budgets. The Sandia led team included co-PIs from Columbia University, Lawrence Berkeley Lab, and the University of Maryland. The Columbia effort of Data Movement Dominates focused on developing a physically accurate simulation environment and experimental verification for optically-connected memory (OCM) systems that can enable continued performance scaling through high-bandwidth capacity, energy-efficient bit-rate transparency, and time-of-flight latency. With OCM, memory device parallelism and total capacity can scale to match future high-performance computing requirements without sacrificing data-movement efficiency. When we consider systems with integrated photonics, links to memory can be seamlessly integrated with the interconnection network-in a sense, memory becomes a primary aspect of the interconnection network. At the core of the Columbia effort, toward expanding our understanding of OCM enabled computing we have created an integrated modeling and simulation environment that uniquely integrates the physical behavior of the optical layer. The PhoenxSim suite of design and software tools developed under this effort has enabled the co-design of and performance evaluation photonics-enabled OCM architectures on Exascale computing systems.

Bergman, Keren

2014-08-28T23:59:59.000Z

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While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


421

Understanding the Impact of Power Loss on Flash Memory Hung-Wei Tseng Laura M. Grupp Steven Swanson  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Understanding the Impact of Power Loss on Flash Memory Hung-Wei Tseng Laura M. Grupp Steven Swanson,Measurement,Performance,Reliability Keywords flash memory, power failure, power loss 1. INTRODUCTION As flash-based solid-state drives (SSDs is what happens to the data on an SSD when power failure occurs unexpectedly. Power loss in flash

Wang, Deli

422

There is nothing that seems to belong to us so much as our personal memories. When two people disagree about  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of factors and processes that underlie both true and false memories. We describe these in an approach, emotion or sensory percep- tual details such as color and shape. In contrast, memories for thoughts actually saw), to the fantastic (claiming you piloted a spaceship). We review theoretical ideas

Johnson, Marcia K.

423

Quantifying Wasted Write Energy in the Memory Hierarchy Charles Shelor, Jim Buchanan, and Krishna Kavi Ron Cytron  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Quantifying Wasted Write Energy in the Memory Hierarchy Charles Shelor, Jim Buchanan, and Krishna. Wasted writes consume energy, consume execution time as memory bandwidth and consume component lifetime of potential energy savings that can be obtained from eliminating wasted writes. If all of the wasted writes

Kavi, Krishna

424

Graph 500 Performance on a Distributed-Memory Cluster REU Site: Interdisciplinary Program in High Performance Computing  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

traditional performance benchmarks for high- performance computers measure the speed of arithmetic operations benchmark is intended to rank high-performance computers based on speed of memory retrieval-memory cluster tara in the UMBC High Performance Computing Facility (www.umbc.edu/hpcf). The cluster tara has 82

Gobbert, Matthias K.

425

Power-Law and Long-Memory Characteristics of the Atmospheric General Circulation DMITRY I. VYUSHIN AND PAUL J. KUSHNER  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Power-Law and Long-Memory Characteristics of the Atmospheric General Circulation DMITRY I. VYUSHIN memory'' or ``power-law'' model. Such a model fits a temporal spectrum to a single power-law function, which thereby accumulates more power at lower frequencies than an AR1 fit. In this study, several power

426

Origins of Spatial Working Memory Deficits in Schizophrenia: An Event-Related fMRI and Near-Infrared  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Origins of Spatial Working Memory Deficits in Schizophrenia: An Event-Related fMRI and Near-Infrared performance with the near-infrared spectroscopy (NIRS) using the same spatial WM task. Distinct types S (2008) Origins of Spatial Working Memory Deficits in Schizophrenia: An Event-Related fMRI and Near-Infrared

Park, Sohee

427

Abstract -A variety of biological evidence has identified a frontal-parietal circuit underlying spatial working memory for visual stimuli.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Abstract -A variety of biological evidence has identified a frontal- parietal circuit underlying spatial working memory for visual stimuli. But the question remains, how do these neural regions rehearsal of spatial information in working memory is accomplished by means of focal shifts of spatial

428

Corrosion behaviour and biocompatibility evaluation of low modulus Ti16Nb shape memory alloy as potential biomaterial  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Corrosion behaviour and biocompatibility evaluation of low modulus Ti­16Nb shape memory alloy and alloys Corrosion and oxidation Cytotoxicity With CP Ti sample as control, the electrochemical measurements were used to investigate the corrosion resistance of low modulus Ti16Nb shape memory alloy in Hank

Zheng, Yufeng

429

Modular Multi-ported SRAM-based Memories Ameer M.S. Abdelhadi and Guy G.F. Lemieux  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Modular Multi-ported SRAM-based Memories Ameer M.S. Abdelhadi and Guy G.F. Lemieux Department,lemieux}@ece.ubc.ca ABSTRACT Multi-ported RAMs are essential for high-performance parallel computation systems. VLIW and vector processors, CGRAs, DSPs, CMPs and other processing systems often rely upon multi-ported memories for parallel

Lemieux, Guy

430

Reader set encoding for directory of shared cache memory in multiprocessor system  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In a parallel processing system with speculative execution, conflict checking occurs in a directory lookup of a cache memory that is shared by all processors. In each case, the same physical memory address will map to the same set of that cache, no matter which processor originated that access. The directory includes a dynamic reader set encoding, indicating what speculative threads have read a particular line. This reader set encoding is used in conflict checking. A bitset encoding is used to specify particular threads that have read the line.

Ahn, Dnaiel; Ceze, Luis H.; Gara, Alan; Ohmacht, Martin; Xiaotong, Zhuang

2014-06-10T23:59:59.000Z

431

Ferroelectric tunneling element and memory applications which utilize the tunneling element  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A tunneling element includes a thin film layer of ferroelectric material and a pair of dissimilar electrically-conductive layers disposed on opposite sides of the ferroelectric layer. Because of the dissimilarity in composition or construction between the electrically-conductive layers, the electron transport behavior of the electrically-conductive layers is polarization dependent when the tunneling element is below the Curie temperature of the layer of ferroelectric material. The element can be used as a basis of compact 1R type non-volatile random access memory (RAM). The advantages include extremely simple architecture, ultimate scalability and fast access times generic for all ferroelectric memories.

Kalinin, Sergei V. (Knoxville, TN) [Knoxville, TN; Christen, Hans M. (Knoxville, TN) [Knoxville, TN; Baddorf, Arthur P. (Knoxville, TN) [Knoxville, TN; Meunier, Vincent (Knoxville, TN) [Knoxville, TN; Lee, Ho Nyung (Oak Ridge, TN) [Oak Ridge, TN

2010-07-20T23:59:59.000Z

432

A new shared-memory programming paradigm for molecular dynamics simulations on the Intel Paragon  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This report describes the use of shared memory emulation with DOLIB (Distributed Object Library) to simplify parallel programming on the Intel Paragon. A molecular dynamics application is used as an example to illustrate the use of the DOLIB shared memory library. SOTON-PAR, a parallel molecular dynamics code with explicit message-passing using a Lennard-Jones 6-12 potential, is rewritten using DOLIB primitives. The resulting code has no explicit message primitives and resembles a serial code. The new code can perform dynamic load balancing and achieves better performance than the original parallel code with explicit message-passing.

D`Azevedo, E.F.; Romine, C.H.

1994-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

433

Optimizing TLB entries for mixed page size storage in contiguous memory  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A system and method for accessing memory are provided. The system comprises a lookup buffer for storing one or more page table entries, wherein each of the one or more page table entries comprises at least a virtual page number and a physical page number; a logic circuit for receiving a virtual address from said processor, said logic circuit for matching the virtual address to the virtual page number in one of the page table entries to select the physical page number in the same page table entry, said page table entry having one or more bits set to exclude a memory range from a page.

Chen, Dong; Gara, Alan; Giampapa, Mark E.; Heidelberger, Philip; Kriegel, Jon K.; Ohmacht, Martin; Steinmacher-Burow, Burkhard

2013-04-30T23:59:59.000Z

434

Accuracy of Memory Reference Traces of Parallel Computations  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, the trace-driven simulator uses the intrinsic traces and the sequence of loads and stores before the current cy- cle, to determine the next address. The mapping between load and store sequences and next addresses to issue, sometimes, requires partial program reexecution. Programs that do not require partial

Holliday, Mark A.

435

"Memory loss" during mineral processing: application to base metals traceability Julie Machault (1, 2, *), Luc Barbanson (1), Thierry Aug (2), Laurent Bailly (2) et Alexandre  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

processing, target minerals, Neves Corvo. 1 Introduction The demand in mineral resources is increasing" is proposed and the relations between memory loss and global kinetic rate of flotation are established. The "global memory loss", namely as the "the experimental memory loss". For the Neves Corvo plant

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

436

Rice and Memory in the Age of Enslavement: Atlantic Passages to  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Rice and Memory in the Age of Enslavement: Atlantic Passages to Suriname Judith Carney This article fact from the era of plantation slavery is that Suriname, about the same territorial size as the state. Slavery in Suriname was notorious for its brutal demands on labor and the attenuated life expectancies

437

Remembering a Future Caribbean Gender, Generation and Memory: Remembering a Future Caribbean1  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Remembering a Future Caribbean Gender, Generation and Memory: Remembering a Future Caribbean1 by D, in the dusk of her life, there was little that was memorable in the contemporary Caribbean. This is a provocatively harsh opening, one that a glance at any Human Development Report ­ which notes that the Caribbean

Toronto, University of

438

ISIT2002, Lausanne, Switzerland, June 30 -July 5,2002 The use of memory in  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

consider the following canonical load balancing problem: Drop n balls into n bins so as to minimize the following randomized load balancing policy, called the " ( d , m )policy": Suppose that d 2 m. At the beISIT2002, Lausanne, Switzerland, June 30 -July 5,2002 The use of memory in randomized load

Prabhakar, Balaji

439

MachineIndependent Virtual Memory Management for Paged Uniprocessor and Multiprocessor Architectures  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

uniprocessors and multiprocessors including the VAX family of uniprocessors and multiprocessors, the IBM RT PC paging support. Versions of Berkeley UNIX on non­VAX hardware, such as SunOS on the SUN 3 and ACIS 4.2 on the IBM RT PC, actually simulate internally the VAX memory mapping architecture ­­ in effect treating

440

The Impact of Paravirtualized Memory Hierarchy on Linear Algebra Computational Kernels and Software  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

performance and nearly iden- tical memory hierarchy performance profiles. Our research thus exposes new, requires prior specific permission and/or a fee. HPDC'08, June 23-27, 2008, Boston, Massachusetts, USA-level check-pointing [18], fault-tolerance and load balancing [8] are very

Tennessee, University of

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "determination rockingham memorial" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


441

The Joseph Bittorf Memorial Expendable Scholarship Fund in Industrial and Systems Engineering  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The Joseph Bittorf Memorial Expendable Scholarship Fund in Industrial and Systems Engineering), with preference given to a sophomore-level student, majoring in Industrial and Systems Engineering at Northern in Industrial and Systems Engineering. Candidates must have a minimum cumulative GPA of 2.8 on a 4.0 grade

Kostic, Milivoje M.

442

The Joseph Bittorf Memorial Expendable Scholarship Fund in Industrial and Systems Engineering  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The Joseph Bittorf Memorial Expendable Scholarship Fund in Industrial and Systems Engineering 2012), with preference given to a sophomore-level student, majoring in Industrial and Systems Engineering at Northern be a declared major in Industrial and Systems Engineering. Candidates must have a minimum cumulative GPA of 2

Kostic, Milivoje M.

443

CentenaryAwardandSirFrederickGowlandHopkinsMemorialLecture Centenary Award and Sir Frederick  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Gowland Hopkins Memorial Lecture Protein folding, structure prediction and design David Baker*1, on 13 December 2012 David Baker Abstract I describe how experimental studies of protein folding have led are not optimized for rapid folding, the contact order­protein folding rate correlation, the incorporation

Baker, David

444

A Hybrid Architecture for Working Memory: Reply to MacDonald and Christiansen (2002)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A Hybrid Architecture for Working Memory: Reply to MacDonald and Christiansen (2002) Marcel Adam Just and Sashank Varma Carnegie Mellon University This article responds to M. C. MacDonald and M. H also point out several short- comings in MacDonald and Christiansen's proposal for the construal of WM

445

Identification of Quaternary Shape Memory Alloys with Near-Zero Thermal Hysteresis and Unprecedented  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Identification of Quaternary Shape Memory Alloys with Near-Zero Thermal Hysteresis-film results are successfully transferred to bulk materials and near-zero thermal hysteresis is observed for the phase transformation in bulk alloys using the temperature- dependent alternating current potential drop

Rubloff, Gary W.

446

Emergent imitative behavior on a robotic arm based on visuo-motor associative memories  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Emergent imitative behavior on a robotic arm based on visuo-motor associative memories Antoine de. In this paper, we present a simple architecture for robotic arm control which can be used for both. The model with proprioceptive position of the robotic arm. It enables a fast learning of the visuo-motor associations without

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

447

Printed in the Memory Literary Treasures in the National Library of Finland,  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 Printed in the Memory ­ Literary Treasures in the National Library of Finland, see Page 38. H E L of the National Library of Finland.......................................................... 21 Elina Suomela................................................................................................................................... 35 Finnish Philosophers in the World ­ the World's Philosophers in Finland Cooperation projects

Hyvönen, Eero

448

Quantum dot based memory devices: Current status and future prospect by simulation perspective  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We discuss the simulation of floating gate MOSFET memory performance consists of Si/Ge/Si quantum dots for electronics storage nodes with higk-? material as the tunnel oxide. Heterostructure quantum dot was proposed to maintain the good memory performance without losing the long retention characteristic. As the results, retention time could be increase significantly without deteriorating the writing/erasing speed. By selected the dot size of 915nm and the tunnel oxide thickness of 2nm, the retention characteristic can reach up to 10{sup 9}s while the writing and erasing time at the order of 10{sup ?6}s. By replace the SiO{sub 2} tunnel oxide with high-? material such as HfO{sub 2}, ZrO{sub 2}, and Y{sub 2}O{sub 3} the leakage current due to the shrinkage of tunnel oxide thickness can be suppressed by the factor of 10 for the EOT lower than ?1nm. Moreover, the charge-trapping that generated by the defect at Si substrate and higk-? material interface are fully considered. We found that, the charge-trapping affects the retention time and memory operation performance. By increasing the charge-trapping depth and width, the memory operation time decrease significantly while the retention characteristic slightly improved.

Darma, Y., E-mail: yudi@fi.itb.ac.id; Rusydi, A., E-mail: yudi@fi.itb.ac.id [Department of Physics, Institut Teknologi Bandung, Ganesa 10 Bandung 40132, Indonesia and NUSNNI-NanoCore, Department of Physics, National University of Singapore, 2 Science Drive 3, Singapore 117542 and Singapore Synchrotron Light Source, National U (Singapore)

2014-02-24T23:59:59.000Z

449

Sustainable Development Intern Report 2010-2011 Elizabeth Harvey Memorial Sustainable  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Sustainable Development Intern Report 2010-2011 1 Elizabeth Harvey Memorial Sustainable Development #12;Sustainable Development Intern Report 2010-2011 2 To begin I would like to thank the Harvey family for the opportunity to be this year's Sustainable Development Intern (SDI) and for allowing me to take an active role

450

DRIM : A Low Power Dynamically Reconfigurable Instruction Memory Hierarchy for Embedded Systems  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of the total energy consumption. A well designed instruction memory hierarchy can greatly decrease the energy a significant portion of the total energy consumption by the processor. Power consumption affects the battery approaches have been proposed for the reduction of energy consumption in caches. First, there were propos

Wong, Weng Fai

451

Stability of discrete memory states to stochastic fluctuations in neuronal systems  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

endowed with feedback loops, for short-term memory. Fluctuations are due to highly irregular spike firing on an autophosphorylation mechanism of calcium/calmodulin-dependent protein kinase II CaMKII molecules. There, fluctuations in calcium concentration can lead to discrete changes in the number of ions bound to a protein5 and discrete

Wang, Xiao-Jing

452

Discrete Preisach Model for the Superelastic Response of Shape Memory Alloys  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The aim of this work is to present a model for the superelastic response of Shape Memory Alloys (SMAs) by developing a Preisach Model with thermodynamics basis. The special features of SMA superelastic response is useful in a variety of applications...

Doraiswamy, Srikrishna

2012-02-14T23:59:59.000Z

453

Synthesis and Characterization of NiMnGa Ferromagnetic Shape Memory Alloy Thin Films  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, it is very important to understand their behavior and examine their properties. This thesis is an effort to contribute to the literature of Ni-Mn-Ga thin films as ferromagnetic shape memory alloys. The focus of this project is to develop a recipe...

Jetta, Nishitha

2011-10-21T23:59:59.000Z

454

The Importance of Modeling for the Future of Molecular Studies of Learning and Memory  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The Importance of Modeling for the Future of Molecular Studies of Learning and Memory Randall C. O'Reilly James L. McClelland Department of Psychology Center for the Neural Basis of Cognition University pathways within the hippocampal system; (d) effects of manipulations of hippocampal activation parameters

O'Reilly, Randall C.

455

Price Trackers Inspired by Immune Memory William O. Wilson*, Phil Birkin* and Uwe Aickelin*  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Price Trackers Inspired by Immune Memory William O. Wilson*, Phil Birkin* and Uwe Aickelin* wow. In this paper we outline initial concepts for an immune in- spired algorithm to evaluate price time series data and mutation, with each member attempting to map to trends in price movements. Successful trackers feed

Aickelin, Uwe

456

Optimization of Interconnects Between Accelerators and Shared Memories in Dark Silicon Jason Cong and Bingjun Xiao  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Optimization of Interconnects Between Accelerators and Shared Memories in Dark Silicon Jason Cong, 90095 {cong, xiao}@cs.ucla.edu Abstract--Application-specific accelerators provide orders-of- magnitude improvement in energy-efficiency over CPUs, and accelerator-rich computing platforms are showing promise

Cong, Jason "Jingsheng"

457

Building more powerful less expensive supercomputers using Processing-In-Memory (PIM) LDRD final report.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This report details the accomplishments of the 'Building More Powerful Less Expensive Supercomputers Using Processing-In-Memory (PIM)' LDRD ('PIM LDRD', number 105809) for FY07-FY09. Latency dominates all levels of supercomputer design. Within a node, increasing memory latency, relative to processor cycle time, limits CPU performance. Between nodes, the same increase in relative latency impacts scalability. Processing-In-Memory (PIM) is an architecture that directly addresses this problem using enhanced chip fabrication technology and machine organization. PIMs combine high-speed logic and dense, low-latency, high-bandwidth DRAM, and lightweight threads that tolerate latency by performing useful work during memory transactions. This work examines the potential of PIM-based architectures to support mission critical Sandia applications and an emerging class of more data intensive informatics applications. This work has resulted in a stronger architecture/implementation collaboration between 1400 and 1700. Additionally, key technology components have impacted vendor roadmaps, and we are in the process of pursuing these new collaborations. This work has the potential to impact future supercomputer design and construction, reducing power and increasing performance. This final report is organized as follow: this summary chapter discusses the impact of the project (Section 1), provides an enumeration of publications and other public discussion of the work (Section 1), and concludes with a discussion of future work and impact from the project (Section 1). The appendix contains reprints of the refereed publications resulting from this work.

Murphy, Richard C.

2009-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

458

Use-phase memory: a tool for the sustainable construction and renovation of residential buildings  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

). The statistics show that this sector consumes and pollutes more than industry (22% energy) or transport sectors1 Use-phase memory: a tool for the sustainable construction and renovation of residential buildings manuscript, published in "Automation in Construction 36 (2013) 53-70" DOI : 10.1016/j.autcon.2013.08.003 #12

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

459

Memories of War: Sources of Vietnam Veteran Pro-and Antiwar Political Attitudes1  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Memories of War: Sources of Vietnam Veteran Pro- and Antiwar Political Attitudes1 David Flores2 two groups of Vietnam veterans who went to Vietnam in support of the war and political status quo, but who returned with opposing attitudes toward war. How can we understand these contrasting outcomes

460

Stanford Social Innovation Review 518 Memorial Way, Stanford, CA 94305-5015  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Stanford Social Innovation Review 518 Memorial Way, Stanford, CA 94305-5015 Ph: 650-725-5399. Fax Stanford Social Innovation Review Spring 2009 Copyright © 2009 by Leland Stanford Jr. University All Rights Reserved #12;40 STANFORD SOCIAL INNOVATION REVIEW · Spring 2009 ( ) On April 22, 1990,an estimated 200

Hoffman, Andrew J.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "determination rockingham memorial" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


461

Stanford Social Innovation Review 518 Memorial Way, Stanford, CA 94305-5015  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Stanford Social Innovation Review 518 Memorial Way, Stanford, CA 94305-5015 Ph: 650-725-5399. Fax: 650-723-0516 Email: info@ssireview.com, www.ssireview.com Design Thinking for Social Innovation By Tim Brown & Jocelyn Wyatt Stanford Social Innovation Review Winter 2010 Copyright 2007 by Leland Stanford Jr

Ramanujam, Nimmi

462

Adaptive Software Transactional Memory Virendra J. Marathe, William N. Scherer III, and Michael L. Scott  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. Scott Department of Computer Science, University of Rochester, Rochester, NY 14627-0226 {vmarathe, scherer, scott}@cs.rochester.edu Abstract. Software Transactional Memory (STM) is a generic from Sun Microsystems Laboratories. P. Fraigniaud (Ed.): DISC 2005, LNCS 3724, pp. 354­368, 2005. c

Scott, Michael L.

463

OPTIMAL EXTERNAL MEMORY INTERVAL MANAGEMENT # LARS ARGE + AND JEFFREY SCOTT VITTER #  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

e#cient external data structures. Key words. interval management, stabbing queries, I/O e/O) transmits one page of B elements. We measure the e#ciency of an algorithm in terms of the number of IOPTIMAL EXTERNAL MEMORY INTERVAL MANAGEMENT # LARS ARGE + AND JEFFREY SCOTT VITTER # SIAM J. COMPUT

Arge, Lars

464

False Memories Seconds Later: The Rapid and Compelling Onset of Illusory Recognition  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

semantically related words and were probed immediately following a filled 3- to 4-s retention interval that the processes responsible for false memories may be relatively delay-invariant. The vulnerability of STM and brief storage demands of canonical STM tasks, and exploits the large capacity and longer delays

465

Using Quasi-EZ-NAND Flash Memory to Build Large-Capacity Solid-State  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

-NAND flash, and both can reduce the average SSD response time by over 90 percent compared with conventional system data storage integrity and maintain sufficient PE cycling endurance and data retention postcompensation/predistortion [5] for compensating cell-to-cell interference) may demand fine-grained memory cell

Zhang, Tong

466

Hybrid analysis of memory references and its application to automatic parallelization  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Transformations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 20 a. Removing Flow Dependences . . . . . . . . . . . 20 b. Removing Storage Related Dependences . . . . . 21 c. Results in Automatic Parallelization . . . . . . . 21 3. Run Time Parallelization Techniques... . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 33 2. Background: the Linear Memory Access Descriptor . . 33 3. Abstraction of Set Operations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 35 viii CHAPTER a. Set Intersection . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 35 b. Set Di erence...

Rus, Silvius Vasile

2009-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

467

Magneto-Thermo-Mechanical Response and Magneto-Caloric Effect in Magnetic Shape Memory Alloys  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Ni-Co-Mn-In system is a new type of magnetic shape memory alloys (MSMAs) where the first order structural and magnetic phase transitions overlap. These materials can generate large reversible shape changes due to magnetic-field-induced martensitic...

Yegin, Cengiz

2012-07-16T23:59:59.000Z

468

Applying Time-Memory-Data Trade-Off to Meet-in-the-Middle Attack  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Applying Time-Memory-Data Trade-Off to Meet-in-the-Middle Attack Jiali Choy, Khoongming Khoo,kkhoongm,lchuanwe@dso.org.sg Abstract. In this paper, we present several new attacks on multiple encryption block ciphers based on the meet-in-the-middle attack. In the first attack (GDD-MTM), we guess a certain number of secret key bits

469

Clearing, Sanitization, and Destruction of Information System Storage Media, Memory Devices, and Related Hardware Manual  

Broader source: Directives, Delegations, and Requirements [Office of Management (MA)]

The manual establishes the DOE requirements and responsibilities for clearing, sanitizing, and destroying DOE information system storage media, memory devices, and related hardware to ensure that no unauthorized information can be retrieved. Canceled by DOE N 205.17. Cancels DOE N 205.12

2005-06-21T23:59:59.000Z

470

MECCA: A Robust Low-Overhead PUF Using Embedded Memory Array  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

process variations. Existing PUFs suffer from increased overhead to the original design due using a pro- grammable word line duty cycle controller. Since most modern designs already haveMECCA: A Robust Low-Overhead PUF Using Embedded Memory Array Aswin Raghav Krishna, Seetharam

Bhunia, Swarup

471

3-d topological quantum memory with a power-law energy barrier  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We discuss energy barriers and their relationship to self-correcting quantum memories. We introduce the solid code, a 3-d version of Kitaev's surface code, and then combine several solid codes using a technique called welding. The resulting code is a $[[O(L^3),1,O(L^{\\frac{4}{3}})

Kamil P Michnicki

2014-06-17T23:59:59.000Z

472

A Low-power, Low-memory System for Wavelet-based Image Compression  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of the components of our particular method of wavelet transform based image compression. 2 Wavelet transformsA Low-power, Low-memory System for Wavelet-based Image Compression James S. Walker Department the following advan- tages: low-power utilization, low RAM requirements, embedded bit-plane compression, scal

Walker, James S.

473

An Investigation into the Utility of Episodic Memory for Cognitive Architectures Ladislau Boloni  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

¨ol¨oni Dept. of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science University of Central Florida Orlando, FL 32816 of acquiring and using knowledge. Shadowing, the main reasoning method of the system, relies on unprocessed architectures at large. Introduction Episodic memory is the stepchild of cognitive systems. It is an accepted

Bölöni, Ladislau L

474

Numerical Studies of Wave Propagation in Polycrystalline Shape Memory Alloy Rods  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

armor or blast resistant cargo containers. The two main characteristics of SMAs that can be used to achieve these aims are the pseudoelastic effect and the shape memory effect. At high temperatures and causes the effect of pseudoelasticity (see [1]). Upon mechanical loading the material, after an initially

Popov, Peter

475

Bio-Inspired Computing with Resistive Memories Models, Architectures and Applications  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Bio-Inspired Computing with Resistive Memories ­ Models, Architectures and Applications Qing Wu for applying massively parallel architecture to embedded high performance computing where we must optimize brain, the neuromorphic architecture offers a promising novel computing paradigm for compact and energy

Qiu, Qinru

476

Importing perceived features into false memories Keith B. Lyle and Marcia K. Johnson  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Importing perceived features into false memories Keith B. Lyle and Marcia K. Johnson Yale, or did not occur the way we remember them (e.g., Johnson & Raye, 1981; Loftus, 1979). The details people in which events occurred (e.g., tem- poral, spatial), or thoughts and feelings evoked by events (Johnson

Johnson, Marcia K.

477

Oil Price Trackers Inspired by Immune Memory William Wilson , Phil Birkin , and Uwe Aickelin  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Oil Price Trackers Inspired by Immune Memory William Wilson , Phil Birkin , and Uwe Aickelin School concepts for an immune inspired algorithm to evaluate and predict oil price time se- ries data Analysis of oil price trends The price of WTI crude oil (a world marker price for oil price movements

Aickelin, Uwe

478

Iteration Space Tiling for Distributed Memory Machines J. Ramanujam y and P. Sadayappan z  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

levels of flexibility, scalability and performance but programming these machines remains a difficultIteration Space Tiling for Distributed Memory Machines J. Ramanujam y and P. Sadayappan z y Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, Louisiana State University, Baton Rouge, LA 70803

Ramanujam, J. "Ram"

479

Data Layout Transformation Exploiting Memory-Level Parallelism in Structured Grid Many-Core Applications  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

using a dense, regular grid as the primary data structure. Fluid dynamics and heat distribution, which general than a fixed stencil. Examples of structured grid applications include fluid dy- namics and heatData Layout Transformation Exploiting Memory-Level Parallelism in Structured Grid Many

Hwu, Wen-mei W.

480

Handles Revisited: Optimising Performance and Memory Costs in a Real-Time Collector  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Handles Revisited: Optimising Performance and Memory Costs in a Real-Time Collector Tomas Kalibera garbage collectors must update all references to ob- jects they move. Updating is a lengthy operation references have been updated which, in a real-time collector, must be done incrementally. One solution

Kent, University of

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481

Associative Memories Provide an Efficient Control Mechanism for a Parallel Production System Architecture  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Associative Memories Provide an Efficient Control Mechanism for a Parallel Production System a parallel architecture for production systems [2, 3, 5]. This novel architecture allows parallel production. The elimination of global synchronization in production systems was made possible by the use of serializability

Amaral, José Nelson

482

Optimizing Datacenter Power with Memory System Levers for Guaranteed Quality-of-Service  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Optimizing Datacenter Power with Memory System Levers for Guaranteed Quality-of-Service Kshitij scenario in datacenters. Co- location, while maintaining Quality-of-Service (QoS) for each application is a complex problem that is fast gaining rele- vance for these datacenters. The problem is exacerbated

Balasubramonian, Rajeev

483

A Hierarchical Memory System Environment J. Djordjevic, A. Milenkovic, S.Prodanovic*  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

in the third year course in Advanced computer architecture and organization at the Faculty of Electrical and Computer architecture and organization. The course in Computer architecture and organization covers, the memory, the input/output subsystem and the bus. The course in Advanced computer architecture

Milenkovi, Aleksandar

484

Mercury: A Memory-Constrained Spatio-temporal Real-time Search on Microblogs  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Mercury: A Memory-Constrained Spatio-temporal Real-time Search on Microblogs Amr Magdy1§ , Mohamed Mercury; a system for real-time support of top-k spatio-temporal queries on microblogs, where users are able to browse recent microblogs near their locations. With high arrival rates of microblogs, Mercury

Bernstein, Phil

485

Memory-influencing intra-basolateral amygdala drug infusions modulate expression of Arc  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Memory-influencing intra-basolateral amygdala drug infusions modulate expression of Arc protein processes. Infusions of the -adrenoreceptor agonist, clen- buterol, into the BLA immediately after training increased Arc protein levels in the dorsal hippocampus. Additionally, posttraining intra-BLA infusions

O'Toole, Alice J.

486

In memory of Roland L. Dobrushin DECAY OF CORRELATIONS IN SUBCRITICAL  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In memory of Roland L. Dobrushin DECAY OF CORRELATIONS IN SUBCRITICAL POTTS AND RANDOM R of the cluster at the origin, for subcritical random-cluster models, under an assumption slightly throughout the subcritical phase, then P(R n) exp( n) for some > 0. This implies the exponential decay

Grimmett, Geoffrey

487

In memory of Roland L. Dobrushin DECAY OF CORRELATIONS IN SUBCRITICAL  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In memory of Roland L. Dobrushin DECAY OF CORRELATIONS IN SUBCRITICAL POTTS AND RANDOM R of the cluster at the origin, for subcritical random­cluster models, under an assumption slightly ) ! 1 throughout the subcritical phase, then P(R ?? n) Ÿ exp(\\Gammaffn) for some ff ? 0. This implies

Grimmett, Geoffrey

488

SoK: Eternal War in Memory Laszlo Szekeres, Mathias Payer, Tao Wei, Dawn Song  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

systems and compilers, protecting applications from different forms of attacks. Stack cook- ies [2 exploits show that all currently deployed protections can be defeated. This paper sheds light knowledge about various protection techniques by setting up a general model for memory corrup- tion attacks

Sekar, R.

489

Inverted-UShaped Dopamine Actions on Human Working Memory and Cognitive Control  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Cools and Mark D'Esposito Brain dopamine (DA) has long been implicated in cognitive control processesREVIEW Inverted-U­Shaped Dopamine Actions on Human Working Memory and Cognitive Control Roshan, cognitive control is a multifactorial phenomenon, requiring a dynamic balance between cognitive stability

490

Model Development and Simulation of the Response of Shape Memory Polymers  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

at low temperatures. Upon heating above their transition tempera- ture, they return to their original structure, where it is rubbery again. Thus a SMP exhibits a change of shape and modulus while undergoing the shape memory e ect, 2 R e ve rs ib...

Ghosh, Pritha 1983-

2012-08-15T23:59:59.000Z

491

Study of Friction at the Mesoscale using Nitinol Shape Memory Alloy  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Elastic and dissipative properties of a NiTi shape memory alloy have been studied in both the martensite and austenite phases, using the free-decay of a vibrating Nitinol wire. The influence of air was estimated from a martensite measurement in vacuum.

Randall D. Peters

2003-08-19T23:59:59.000Z

492

Compiler and Runtime Support for Shared Memory Parallelization of Data Mining Algorithms  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Compiler and Runtime Support for Shared Memory Parallelization of Data Mining Algorithms Xiaogang, Columbus OH 43210¡xgli,jinr,agrawal¢@cis.ohio-state.edu Abstract. Data mining techniques focus on finding support for developing scalable implementa- tions of data mining algorithms. Our work encompasses shared

Agrawal, Gagan

493

Compiler and Runtime Support for Shared Memory Parallelization of Data Mining Algorithms  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

machines. This paper reports on runtime and compiler support for easing im­ plementations of data miningCompiler and Runtime Support for Shared Memory Parallelization of Data Mining Algorithms #3 agrawal@cis.ohio­ state.edu ABSTRACT Data mining techniques focus on finding novel and useful patterns

Agrawal, Gagan

494

RSVM: a Region-based Software Virtual Memory Feng Ji, Heshan Lin, Xiaosong Ma  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

directed acyclic graphs [26], or achieve on-demand data fetching only from the host side [14]. We envision is still difficult, due to, particularly, explicitly managed GPU memory and manual CPU-GPU data transfer. Despite recent calls for managing GPU resources as first-class citizens in the operating system, a mature

Ma, Xiaosong

495

On the Design of Shape Memory Alloy Wire Bundle Actuators Kathryn J. De Laurentis1  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

the use of compact, smart material based actuators to power the robot joints [1]. Smart materials alter memory alloys and polymers are examples of smart materials. The interest in these types of actuators one of the highest payload to weight ratios among "smart material" based actua- tors. Therefore, SMAs

Mavroidis, Constantinos

496

Transforming Loops to Recursion for Multi-Level Memory Hierarchies Rice University  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

; This research was sponsored by the Department of Energy's ASCI Academic Alliances program under research performance. Managing per- formance on deep memory hierarchies is widely considered to be one of the most. Permission to make digital or hard copies of all or part of this work for personal or classroom use

California at Berkeley, University of

497

MEMORIAL UNIVERSITY OF NEWFOUNDLAND Three-year Term Appointment in Process (Oil and Gas) Engineering  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

MEMORIAL UNIVERSITY OF NEWFOUNDLAND Three-year Term Appointment in Process (Oil and Gas with oil and gas specialization at the assistant- or associate professor-level, commencing April 12, 2010 in the area of oil and gas, and process engineering, to supervise graduate students, to participate in other

George, Glyn

498

Teuchos C++ memory management classes, idioms, and related topics, the complete reference : a comprehensive strategy for safe and efficient memory management in C++ for high performance computing.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The ubiquitous use of raw pointers in higher-level code is the primary cause of all memory usage problems and memory leaks in C++ programs. This paper describes what might be considered a radical approach to the problem which is to encapsulate the use of all raw pointers and all raw calls to new and delete in higher-level C++ code. Instead, a set of cooperating template classes developed in the Trilinos package Teuchos are used to encapsulate every use of raw C++ pointers in every use case where it appears in high-level code. Included in the set of memory management classes is the typical reference-counted smart pointer class similar to boost::shared ptr (and therefore C++0x std::shared ptr). However, what is missing in boost and the new standard library are non-reference counted classes for remaining use cases where raw C++ pointers would need to be used. These classes have a debug build mode where nearly all programmer errors are caught and gracefully reported at runtime. The default optimized build mode strips all runtime checks and allows the code to perform as efficiently as raw C++ pointers with reasonable usage. Also included is a novel approach for dealing with the circular references problem that imparts little extra overhead and is almost completely invisible to most of the code (unlike the boost and therefore C++0x approach). Rather than being a radical approach, encapsulating all raw C++ pointers is simply the logical progression of a trend in the C++ development and standards community that started with std::auto ptr and is continued (but not finished) with std::shared ptr in C++0x. Using the Teuchos reference-counted memory management classes allows one to remove unnecessary constraints in the use of objects by removing arbitrary lifetime ordering constraints which are a type of unnecessary coupling [23]. The code one writes with these classes will be more likely to be correct on first writing, will be less likely to contain silent (but deadly) memory usage errors, and will be much more robust to later refactoring and maintenance. The level of debug-mode runtime checking provided by the Teuchos memory management classes is stronger in many respects than what is provided by memory checking tools like Valgrind and Purify while being much less expensive. However, tools like Valgrind and Purify perform a number of types of checks (like usage of uninitialized memory) that makes these tools very valuable and therefore complement the Teuchos memory management debug-mode runtime checking. The Teuchos memory management classes and idioms largely address the technical issues in resolving the fragile built-in C++ memory management model (with the exception of circular references which has no easy solution but can be managed as discussed). All that remains is to teach these classes and idioms and expand their usage in C++ codes. The long-term viability of C++ as a usable and productive language depends on it. Otherwise, if C++ is no safer than C, then is the greater complexity of C++ worth what one gets as extra features? Given that C is smaller and easier to learn than C++ and since most programmers don't know object-orientation (or templates or X, Y, and Z features of C++) all that well anyway, then what really are most programmers getting extra out of C++ that would outweigh the extra complexity of C++ over C? C++ zealots will argue this point but the reality is that C++ popularity has peaked and is becoming less popular while the popularity of C has remained fairly stable over the last decade22. Idioms like are advocated in this paper can help to avert this trend but it will require wide community buy-in and a change in the way C++ is taught in order to have the greatest impact. To make these programs more secure, compiler vendors or static analysis tools (e.g. klocwork23) could implement a preprocessor-like language similar to OpenMP24 that would allow the programmer to declare (in comments) that certain blocks of code should be ''pointer-free'' or allow smaller blocks to be 'pointers allowed'. This would signific

Bartlett, Roscoe Ainsworth

2010-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

499

High-G testing of MEMS mechanical non-volatile memory and silicon re-entry switch.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Two different Sandia MEMS devices have been tested in a high-g environment to determine their performance and survivability. The first test was performed using a drop-table to produce a peak acceleration load of 1792 g's over a period of 1.5 ms. For the second test the MEMS devices were assembled in a gun-fired penetrator and shot into a cement target at the Army Waterways Experiment Station in Vicksburg Mississippi. This test resulted in a peak acceleration of 7191 g's for a duration of 5.5 ms. The MEMS devices were instrumented using the MEMS Diagnostic Extraction System (MDES), which is capable of driving the devices and recording the device output data during the high-g event, providing in-flight data to assess the device performance. A total of six devices were monitored during the experiments, four mechanical non-volatile memory devices (MNVM) and two Silicon Reentry Switches (SiRES). All six devices functioned properly before, during, and after each high-g test without a single failure. This is the first known test under flight conditions of an active, powered MEMS device at Sandia.

Baker, Michael Sean; Pohl, Kenneth Roy

2005-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

500

Method of determining glass durability  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A process for determining one or more leachate concentrations of one or more components of a glass composition in an aqueous solution of the glass composition by identifying the components of the glass composition, including associated oxides, determining a preliminary glass dissolution estimator, .DELTA.G.sub.p, based upon the free energies of hydration for the component reactant species, determining an accelerated glass dissolution function, .DELTA.G.sub.a, based upon the free energy associated with weak acid dissociation, .DELTA.G.sub.a.sup.WA, and accelerated matrix dissolution at high pH, .DELTA.G.sub.a.sup.SB associated with solution strong base formation, and determining a final hydration free energy, .DELTA.G.sub.f. This final hydration free energy is then used to determine leachate concentrations for elements of interest using a regression analysis and the formula log.sub.10 (N C.sub.i (g/L))=a.sub.i +b.sub.i .DELTA.G.sub.f. The present invention also includes a method to determine whether a particular glass to be produced will be homogeneous or phase separated. The present invention is also directed to methods of monitoring and controlling processes for making glass using these determinations to modify the feedstock materials until a desired glass durability and homogeneity is obtained.

Jantzen, Carol Maryanne (Aiken, SC); Pickett, John Butler (Aiken, SC); Brown, Kevin George (Augusta, GA); Edwards, Thomas Barry (Aiken, SC)

1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z