National Library of Energy BETA

Sample records for determination gila-knob structure

  1. CX-007149: Categorical Exclusion Determination

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Gila-Knob Structure, Access Road Maintenance & Vegetation Removal Amendment 1CX(s) Applied: B4.6Date: 02/18/2011Location(s): Yuma County, AZ; Imperial County, CA, Arizona, CaliforniaOffice(s): Western Area Power Administration-Desert Southwest Region

  2. CX-011203: Categorical Exclusion Determination

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Emergency Storm Damage Repairs to the Gila North Gila, Gila Knob, and Sonora San Luis Transmission Lines, near Yuma, Yuma County, Arizona CX(s) Applied: B4.6 Date: 08/26/2013 Location(s): Arizona Offices(s): Western Area Power Administration-Desert Southwest Region

  3. Atmospheric structure determined from satellite data 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Knight, Keith Shelburne

    1978-01-01

    Subject: Meteorology ATM)SPHERIC STRUCTURE DETEiUIINED FRDM SATELLITE DATA A Thesis XEITH SHELBURNE KNIGHT Approved as to style and content. hyi (Chairman of Cor ' iee) C. (Head of Department) (Miemher) ABSTRACT Atmospheric Structure Determined... from Satellite Data. (August 1978) Keith Shelburne Knight, B. A. , University of California at Los Angeles Chairman of Advisory Conmittee: Dr. James R. Scoggins The capabilities of the Nimbus-6 satellite sounding data for use in synoptic analysis...

  4. Joint Structures Determined by Clustering Microearthquakes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sciences and Geomechanics Abstracts Roff et al., Joint Structures (Running header) #12;2 Abstract A new

  5. 5.46 Organic Structure Determination, Spring 2004

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jamison, Timothy F.

    Applications of 1D and 2D 1H and 13C NMR spectroscopy to organic structure determination. This course covers modern and advanced methods of elucidation of the structures of organic molecules, including ...

  6. Experimental Determination of Crack Driving Forces in Integrated Structures

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Suo, Zhigang

    8/2/2004 1 Experimental Determination of Crack Driving Forces in Integrated Structures Jun He in a structure, the crack driving force G is the reduction of the elastic energy in the structure, associated. In practice, however, such a calculation is prohibitively difficult for integrated structures of complex

  7. Experimental phasing for structure determination using membrane...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    in the literature concerning the experimental heavy-atom phasing of membrane-protein structures where the crystals have been grown using the lipid cubic phase (in meso) method. In...

  8. Structural Determinants of Transmembrane -Barrels Themis Lazaridis*

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lazaridis, Themis

    import of nutrients, energy dependent export of toxins, and cell adhesion. Discriminating TMBBs from of different sizes and negative water-to-membrane transfer energies of reasonable magnitude. It also and the other a decoy, and evaluate their energy. The energy function discriminates the correct structure

  9. Structural Determination of Marine Bacteriogenic Manganese Oxides

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantityBonneville Power AdministrationRobust,Field-effect Photovoltaics -7541C.3X-rays3Energy U.S.Structural

  10. Automating the determination of 3D protein structure

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Rayl, K.D.

    1993-12-31

    The creation of an automated method for determining 3D protein structure would be invaluable to the field of biology and presents an interesting challenge to computer science. Unfortunately, given the current level of protein knowledge, a completely automated solution method is not yet feasible, therefore, our group has decided to integrate existing databases and theories to create a software system that assists X-ray crystallographers in specifying a particular protein structure. By breaking the problem of determining overall protein structure into small subproblems, we hope to come closer to solving a novel structure by solving each component. By generating necessary information for structure determination, this method provides the first step toward designing a program to determine protein conformation automatically.

  11. Structural determination of intact proteins using mass spectrometry

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Kruppa, Gary (San Francisco, CA); Schoeniger, Joseph S. (Oakland, CA); Young, Malin M. (Livermore, CA)

    2008-05-06

    The present invention relates to novel methods of determining the sequence and structure of proteins. Specifically, the present invention allows for the analysis of intact proteins within a mass spectrometer. Therefore, preparatory separations need not be performed prior to introducing a protein sample into the mass spectrometer. Also disclosed herein are new instrumental developments for enhancing the signal from the desired modified proteins, methods for producing controlled protein fragments in the mass spectrometer, eliminating complex microseparations, and protein preparatory chemical steps necessary for cross-linking based protein structure determination.Additionally, the preferred method of the present invention involves the determination of protein structures utilizing a top-down analysis of protein structures to search for covalent modifications. In the preferred method, intact proteins are ionized and fragmented within the mass spectrometer.

  12. Integral membrane protein structure determination using pseudocontact shifts

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Crick, Duncan J.; Wang, Jue X.; Graham, Bim; Swarbrick, James D.; Mott, Helen R.; Nietlispach, Daniel

    2015-01-22

    of using PCSs for the determination of membrane protein structures. Here we demonstrate the use of lanthanide tag-induced PCSs as a powerful tool for the global fold determination of pSRII, a seven-helical transmembrane sensor. The approach makes use of PCS... . 2 Superposition of 2D [1H,15N]-TROSY spectra recorded on C2-lanthanide- tagged pSRII V169C, for the diamagnetic reference Y3? (black) and the paramagnetic metals Dy3? (green), Tm3? (blue) and Yb3? (orange). Lines indicate a selection of observed PCSs...

  13. SHELXT – Integrated space-group and crystal-structure determination

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Sheldrick, George M., E-mail: gsheldr@shelx.uni-ac.gwdg.de [Georg-August Universität Göttingen, Tammannstrasse 4, Göttingen, 37077 (Germany)

    2015-01-01

    SHELXT automates routine small-molecule structure determination starting from single-crystal reflection data, the Laue group and a reasonable guess as to which elements might be present. The new computer program SHELXT employs a novel dual-space algorithm to solve the phase problem for single-crystal reflection data expanded to the space group P1. Missing data are taken into account and the resolution extended if necessary. All space groups in the specified Laue group are tested to find which are consistent with the P1 phases. After applying the resulting origin shifts and space-group symmetry, the solutions are subject to further dual-space recycling followed by a peak search and summation of the electron density around each peak. Elements are assigned to give the best fit to the integrated peak densities and if necessary additional elements are considered. An isotropic refinement is followed for non-centrosymmetric space groups by the calculation of a Flack parameter and, if appropriate, inversion of the structure. The structure is assembled to maximize its connectivity and centred optimally in the unit cell. SHELXT has already solved many thousand structures with a high success rate, and is optimized for multiprocessor computers. It is, however, unsuitable for severely disordered and twinned structures because it is based on the assumption that the structure consists of atoms.

  14. Method and apparatus for determining material structural integrity

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Pechersky, M.J.

    1994-01-01

    Disclosed are a nondestructive method and apparatus for determining the structural integrity of materials by combining laser vibrometry with damping analysis to determine the damping loss factor. The method comprises the steps of vibrating the area being tested over a known frequency range and measuring vibrational force and velocity vs time over the known frequency range. Vibrational velocity is preferably measured by a laser vibrometer. Measurement of the vibrational force depends on the vibration method: if an electromagnetic coil is used to vibrate a magnet secured to the area being tested, then the vibrational force is determined by the coil current. If a reciprocating transducer is used, the vibrational force is determined by a force gauge in the transducer. Using vibrational analysis, a plot of the drive point mobility of the material over the preselected frequency range is generated from the vibrational force and velocity data. Damping loss factor is derived from a plot of the drive point mobility over the preselected frequency range using the resonance dwell method and compared with a reference damping loss factor for structural integrity evaluation.

  15. Determinants of Role Structure in Family Financial Management

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rosen, Dennis L.; Granbois, Donald H.

    1983-01-01

    Variables determining the role of husband and wife in family financial management are explored based on in-home, personal interviews. Financial tasks reflecting implementation activities and two groupings of decision ...

  16. Supporting Information Structure Determination Using the Method of Continuous Variations

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Collum, David B.

    Structure(s) Page TMEDA dimer S8 dimer S9 Et2O tetramer 5 equiv-S10 neat-S11 trimer S12 MeCN tetramer S13 tetramer S14 pyridine tetramer S15 tetramer S16 OLi F 1 2 OLi OLi CH3H3C OLi CH3H3C Cl3 4 OLi F 1 2 OLi OLi pyridine dimer S17 DMA tetramer S18 tetramer S19 DMF tetramer S20 DMSO tetramer 6 Li-S21 19 F-S22 trimer

  17. A portable RNA sequence whose recognition by a synthetic antibody facilitates structural determination

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Koldobskaya, Yelena

    RNA crystallization and phasing represent major bottlenecks in RNA structure determination. Seeking to exploit antibody fragments as RNA crystallization chaperones, we have used an arginine-enriched synthetic Fab library ...

  18. Structural Findings in the Basal Ganglia in Genetically Determined and Idiopathic Parkinson's Disease

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gaser, Christian

    Structural Findings in the Basal Ganglia in Genetically Determined and Idiopathic Parkinson likely have an increased risk to develop Parkinson's disease (PD). We hypothesized BG morphological Key words: basal ganglia; magnetic resonance imaging; Parkinson's disease; Parkin mutation carriers

  19. Investigation of the most appropriate capital structure theory and leverage level determinants 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lew, Sung Hee

    2012-10-03

    This thesis examines capital structure theories and debt level determinants to develop a better understanding, and to establish the most appropriate theory to explain the behaviour of firms? debt and equity choices. It ...

  20. Synthesis and Structural Determination of a Hexanuclear Zirconium Glycine Compound Formed in Aqueous Solution

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Li, Jing

    Synthesis and Structural Determination of a Hexanuclear Zirconium Glycine Compound Formed, Fujian 350002, P. R. China Received February 14, 2008 Single crystals of a zirconium-glycine compound-crystal X-ray diffraction. The structure revealed that it is composed of hexa-zirconium octahedral clusters

  1. Molecular Structures of Fulvalenes Derived from Methylidenecycloproparenes: X-ray Structure Determinations and ab

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Apeloig, Yitzhak

    Molecular Structures of Fulvalenes Derived from Methylidenecycloproparenes: X-ray Structure methylidenecyclopropabenzene 3, the derived parent tria-, penta-, and heptafulvalene derivatives 4-6, and the crystalline derivatives 7, 8, and 9. The hydrocarbons are found to be polar, and the cycloproparenylidene moiety acts

  2. Determining Orientational Structure of Diamondoid Thiols Attached to Silver Using Near Edge X-ray Absorption Fine Structure Spectroscopy

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Willey, T M; Lee, J I; Fabbri, J D; Wang, D; Nielsen, M; Randel, J C; Schreiner, P R; Fokin, A A; Tkachenko, B A; Fokina, N A; Dahl, J P; Carlson, R K; Terminello, L J; Melosh, N A; van Buuren, T

    2008-10-07

    Near-edge x-ray absorption fine structure spectroscopy (NEXAFS) is a powerful tool for determination of molecular orientation in self-assembled monolayers and other surface-attached molecules. A general framework for using NEXAFS to simultaneously determine molecular tilt and twist of rigid molecules attached to surfaces is presented. This framework is applied to self-assembled monolayers of higher diamondoid, hydrocarbon molecules with cubic-diamond-cage structures. Diamondoid monolayers chemisorbed on metal substrates are known to exhibit interesting electronic and surface properties. This work compares molecular orientation in monolayers prepared on silver substrates using two different thiol positional isomers of [121]tetramantane, and thiols derived from two different pentamantane structural isomers, [1212]pentamantane and [1(2,3)4]pentamantane. The observed differences in monolayer structure demonstrate the utility and limitations of NEXAFS spectroscopy and the framework. The results also demonstrate the ability to control diamondoid assembly, in particular the molecular orientational structure, providing a flexible platform for the modification of surface properties with this exciting new class of nanodiamond materials.

  3. Project Information Form Project Title Structural Determinants of Electric Vehicle Market Growth

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    California at Davis, University of

    Project Information Form Project Title Structural Determinants of Electric Vehicle Market Growth that plug--in electric vehicle (PEV) markets are facing and how they are likely to evolve in different a holistic approach to the assessment of factors that affect the market development and diffusion of new

  4. Lithium Phenolates Solvated by Tetrahydrofuran and 1,2-Dimethoxyethane: Structure Determination Using the

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Collum, David B.

    Lithium Phenolates Solvated by Tetrahydrofuran and 1,2-Dimethoxyethane: Structure Determination: The method of continuous variation in conjunction with 6 Li NMR spectroscopy was used to characterize lithium substrate- and solvent-dependent combinations of lithium phenolate monomers, dimers, trimers, tetramers

  5. Lithium Enolates of Simple Ketones: Structure Determination Using the Method of Continuous Variation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Collum, David B.

    Lithium Enolates of Simple Ketones: Structure Determination Using the Method of Continuous of continuous variation in conjunction with 6Li NMR spectroscopy was used to characterize lithium enolates,N,N,N-tetramethylethylenediamine and cubic tetramers in tetrahydrofuran and 1,2-dimethoxyethane. Introduction Lithium enolates are used

  6. GM1 structure determines SV40-induced membrane invagination and infection

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sens, Pierre

    ARTICLES GM1 structure determines SV40-induced membrane invagination and infection Helge Ewers1 to the carbohydrate moiety of GM1 gangliosides in the host cell plasma membrane through pentameric VP1 capsid proteins as isolated pentameric VP1) with GM1 is itself sufficient to induce dramatic membrane curvature that leads

  7. Evaluation of the Utility of NMR Structures Determined from Minimal NOE-Based Restraints for Structure-Based Drug Design, Using MMP-1 as an Example

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Powers, Robert

    Evaluation of the Utility of NMR Structures Determined from Minimal NOE-Based Restraints in the utility of these structures for a structure-based drug design program. As an example, the catalytic on the protein structure and its utility in drug design with a particular interest in the effect on the active

  8. Structural determinants of nuclear export signal orientation in binding to exportin CRM1

    DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

    Fung, Ho Yee Joyce; Fu, Szu -Chin; Brautigam, Chad A.; Chook, Yuh Min

    2015-09-08

    The Chromosome Region of Maintenance 1 (CRM1) protein mediates nuclear export of hundreds of proteins through recognition of their nuclear export signals (NESs), which are highly variable in sequence and structure. The plasticity of the CRM1-NES interaction is not well understood, as there are many NES sequences that seem incompatible with structures of the NES-bound CRM1 groove. Crystal structures of CRM1 bound to two different NESs with unusual sequences showed the NES peptides binding the CRM1 groove in the opposite orientation (minus) to that of previously studied NESs (plus). A comparison of minus and plus NESs identified structural and sequencemore »determinants for NES orientation. The binding of NESs to CRM1 in both orientations results in a large expansion in NES consensus patterns and therefore a corresponding expansion of potential NESs in the proteome.« less

  9. Determination of the paradihlorobenzene and paradibromobenzene solid solutions nanoparticles structure via Raman spectra

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Korshunov, M A

    2012-01-01

    We measured the small frequencies Raman spectrum of the paradihlorobenzene and paradihlorobenzene solid solution nanoparticles with the size about 100 nanometers. Values of frequencies of lines decrease. The size of nanoparticles was determined by the electronic microscope. Calculations of nanoparticles structure were done using the method of molecular dynamics and histograms of nanoparticles spectra were calculated via the Dyne's method. The result is that the Raman spectrum is the sum of spectra from the central part of the nanoparticle and superficial structures with smaller concentration of paradihlorobenzene.

  10. Ab-initio structure determination of {beta}-La{sub 2}WO{sub 6}

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Chambrier, M-H.; Kodjikian, S.; Ibberson, R.M.; Goutenoire, F.

    2009-02-15

    The structure of the low-temperature form of {beta}-La{sub 2}WO{sub 6} has been determined from laboratory X-ray, neutron time-of-flight and electron diffraction data. This tungstate crystallizes in the non-centrosymmetric orthorhombic space group (no. 19) P2{sub 1}2{sub 1}2{sub 1}, with Z=8, a=7.5196(1) A, b=10.3476(1) A, c=12.7944(2) A, and a measured density 7.37(1) g cm{sup -3}. The structure consists of tungsten [WO{sub 6}] octahedra and tetrahedral [OLa{sub 4}]. Tungsten polyhedra are connected such that [W{sub 2}O{sub 11}]{sup 10-} units are formed. - Graphical abstract: Projection of La{sub 2}WO{sub 6} structure along [100]. The structure could be described by [W{sub 2}O{sub 11}]{sup -10} structural unit formed by two corner-sharing octahedra.

  11. Structure of CPV17 polyhedrin determined by the improved analysis of serial femtosecond crystallographic data

    DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

    Ginn, Helen M.; Messerschmidt, Marc; Ji, Xiaoyun; Zhang, Hanwen; Axford, Danny; Gildea, Richard J.; Winter, Graeme; Brewster, Aaron S.; Hattne, Johan; Wagner, Armin; et al

    2015-03-09

    The X-ray free-electron laser (XFEL) allows the analysis of small weakly diffracting protein crystals, but has required very many crystals to obtain good data. Here we use an XFEL to determine the room temperature atomic structure for the smallest cytoplasmic polyhedrosis virus polyhedra yet characterized, which we failed to solve at a synchrotron. These protein microcrystals, roughly a micron across, accrue within infected cells. We use a new physical model for XFEL diffraction, which better estimates the experimental signal, delivering a high-resolution XFEL structure (1.75 Å), using fewer crystals than previously required for this resolution. The crystal lattice and proteinmore »core are conserved compared with a ?polyhedrin with less than 10% sequence identity. We explain how the conserved biological phenotype, the crystal lattice, is maintained in the face of extreme environmental challenge and massive evolutionary divergence. Our improved methods should open up more challenging biological samples to XFEL analysis.« less

  12. Structure determination of {alpha}-La{sub 6}W{sub 2}O{sub 15}

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Chambrier, M-H.; Ibberson, R.M.; Goutenoire, F.

    2010-06-15

    The structure of the high temperature alpha form of La{sub 6}W{sub 2}O{sub 15} has been determined ab-initio from high temperature laboratory X-ray and neutron time-of-flight data. This tungstate crystallizes in the non-centrosymmetric orthorhombic space group (No. 20) C222{sub 1}, with Z=2, a=12.6250(2) A, b=9.1875(1) A, c=5.9688(1) A. The structure comprises [O{sub 2}La{sub 3}] infinite ribbons and is better described by the structural formula [O{sub 2}La{sub 3}]{sub 2}[WO{sub 5.5}]{sub 2}. Using this description we can understand the strong structural similarity of the present compound with compounds of the general composition BiM{sub 2}AO{sub 6} (M=Cu, Mg, Zn, Mn, Cd, Ca, Pb; A=P, As, V) described as [O{sub 2}M{sub 2}Bi][AO{sub 4}]. The [WO{sub 5.5}] entity implies oxygen disorder in the material. - Graphical abstract: Projection of the polyhedra around the tungsten atom. Atoms labelled in grey are occupied at 50%. Short oxygen-oxygen distances are marked. The polyhedra represents WO{sub 5.5} that is related to the structural unit W{sub 2}O{sub 11} unit. Alpha-La{sub 6}W{sub 2}O{sub 15} could be described as [O{sub 2}La{sub 3}]{sub 2}[WO{sub 5.5}]{sub 2}.

  13. Dynamical Energy Analysis - determining wave energy distributions in complex vibro-acoustical structures

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gregor Tanner

    2008-03-12

    We propose a new approach towards determining the distribution of mechanical and acoustic wave energy in complex built-up structures. The technique interpolates between standard Statistical Energy Analysis (SEA) and full ray tracing containing both these methods as limiting case. By writing the flow of ray trajectories in terms of linear phase space operators, it is suggested here to reformulate ray-tracing algorithms in terms of boundary operators containing only short ray segments. SEA can now be identified as a low resolution ray tracing algorithm and typical SEA assumptions can be quantified in terms of the properties of the ray dynamics. The new technique presented here enhances the range of applicability of standard SEA considerably by systematically incorporating dynamical correlations wherever necessary. Some of the inefficiencies inherent in typical ray tracing methods can be avoided using only a limited amount of the geometrical ray information. The new dynamical theory - Dynamical Energy Analysis (DEA) - thus provides a universal approach towards determining wave energy distributions in complex structures.

  14. Solid state nuclear magnetic resonance methodology and applications to structure determination of peptides, proteins and amyloid fibrils

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jaroniec, Christopher P

    2003-01-01

    Several methodological developments and applications of multidimensional solid-state nuclear magnetic resonance to biomolecular structure determination are presented. Studies are performed in uniformly 3C, 15N isotope ...

  15. Improving the chances of successful protein structure determination with a random forest classifier

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Jahandideh, Samad [Sanford-Burnham Medical Research Institute, 10901 North Torrey Pines Road, La Jolla, CA 92307 (United States); Joint Center for Structural Genomics, (United States); Jaroszewski, Lukasz; Godzik, Adam, E-mail: adam@burnham.org [Sanford-Burnham Medical Research Institute, 10901 North Torrey Pines Road, La Jolla, CA 92307 (United States); Joint Center for Structural Genomics, (United States); University of California, San Diego, La Jolla, California (United States)

    2014-03-01

    Using an extended set of protein features calculated separately for protein surface and interior, a new version of XtalPred based on a random forest classifier achieves a significant improvement in predicting the success of structure determination from the primary amino-acid sequence. Obtaining diffraction quality crystals remains one of the major bottlenecks in structural biology. The ability to predict the chances of crystallization from the amino-acid sequence of the protein can, at least partly, address this problem by allowing a crystallographer to select homologs that are more likely to succeed and/or to modify the sequence of the target to avoid features that are detrimental to successful crystallization. In 2007, the now widely used XtalPred algorithm [Slabinski et al. (2007 ?), Protein Sci.16, 2472–2482] was developed. XtalPred classifies proteins into five ‘crystallization classes’ based on a simple statistical analysis of the physicochemical features of a protein. Here, towards the same goal, advanced machine-learning methods are applied and, in addition, the predictive potential of additional protein features such as predicted surface ruggedness, hydrophobicity, side-chain entropy of surface residues and amino-acid composition of the predicted protein surface are tested. The new XtalPred-RF (random forest) achieves significant improvement of the prediction of crystallization success over the original XtalPred. To illustrate this, XtalPred-RF was tested by revisiting target selection from 271 Pfam families targeted by the Joint Center for Structural Genomics (JCSG) in PSI-2, and it was estimated that the number of targets entered into the protein-production and crystallization pipeline could have been reduced by 30% without lowering the number of families for which the first structures were solved. The prediction improvement depends on the subset of targets used as a testing set and reaches 100% (i.e. twofold) for the top class of predicted targets.

  16. Method of determining the extent to which a nickel structure has been attached by a fluorine-containing gas

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Brusie, James P. (Oak Ridge, TN)

    2004-07-13

    The method of determining the extent to which a nickel structure has been attacked by a halogen containing gas to which it has been exposed which comprises preparing a quantity of water substantially free from dissolved oxygen, passing ammonia gas through a cuprammonium solution to produce ammonia substantially free from oxygen, dissolving said oxygen-free ammonia in said water to produce a saturated aqueous ammonia solution free from uncombined oxygen, treating at least a portion of said nickel structure of predetermined weight with said solution to dissolve nickel compounds from the surface of said structure without dissolving an appreciable amount of said nickel and analyzing the resulting solution to determine the quantity of said nickel compounds that was associated with said said portion of said structure to determine the proportion of combined nickel in said nickel structure.

  17. Method of Determining the Extent to which a Nickel Structure has been Attached by a Fluorine-Containing Gas

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Brusie, James P.

    2004-07-13

    The method of determining the extent to which a nickel structure has been attacked by a halogen containing gas to which it has been exposed which comprises preparing a quantity of water substantially free from dissolved oxygen, passing ammonia gas through a cuprammonium solution to produce ammonia substantially free from oxygen, dissolving said oxygen-free ammonia in said water to produce a saturated aqueous ammonia solution free from uncombined oxygen, treating at least a portion of said nickel structure of predetermined weight with said solution to dissolve nickel compounds from the surface of said structure without dissolving an appreciable amount of said nickel and analyzing the resulting solution to determine the quantity of said nickel compounds that was associated with said said portion of said structure to determine the proportion of combined nickel in said nickel structure.

  18. Crystallography Without Crystals: Determining the Structure of Individual Biological Molecules and Nanoparticles

    ScienceCinema (OSTI)

    Ourmazd, Abbas [University of Wisconsin, Milwaukee, Wisconsin, USA

    2010-01-08

    Ever shattered a valuable vase into 10 to the 6th power pieces and tried to reassemble it under a light providing a mean photon count of 10 minus 2 per detector pixel with shot noise? If you can do that, you can do single-molecule crystallography. This talk will outline how this can be done in principle. In more technical terms, the talk will describe how the combination of scattering physics and Bayesian algorithms can be used to reconstruct the 3-D diffracted intensity distribution from a collection of individual 2-D diffiraction patterns down to a mean photon count of 10 minus 2 per pixel, the signal level anticipated from the Linac Coherent Light Source, and hence determine the structure of individual macromolecules and nanoparticles.

  19. Crushable structure performance determined from reconstructed dynamic forces during impact tests

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bateman, V.I.

    1995-01-01

    A force reconstruction technique has been used to assess the dynamic performance of a crushable structure (a bomb nose) in both the axial (90{degrees}) and slapdown (30{degrees}) impact conditions. The dynamic force characteristics for the nose design, determined from these test results, have been used to write a dynamic force specification for a new nose design that will replace the old nose. The dynamic forces are reconstructed from measured acceleration responses with the Sum of Weighted Accelerations Technique (SWAT) developed at Sandia National Laboratories. Axial characterizations for the old nose are presented from tests at two SNL facilities: a rocket rail launcher facility and an 18-Inch horizontal actuator facility. The characterizations for the old nose are compared to the characterizations for two new nose designs. Slapdown characterizations for the old nose are presented. Incorporation of the test results into a dynamic force specification is discussed.

  20. Phase 1. Screening guidelines to determine the structures exempt from Executive Order 12941

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    NONE

    1995-09-01

    This report presents data regarding the guidelines for determining structures that are exempt from executive order 12941. Executive order 12941 was enacted to assure seismic safety of existing federally owned or leased buildings. This reports considered only the minimum amount of information. This information varied from building to building and from site to site. The scope of the guidelines is to cover all five DOE sites that fall under the DOE Oak Ridge Operations and are operated by LMES. These facilities are the ORNL, Y-12 Plant, K-25 Site all at Oak Ridge, Tennessee; the Paducah Gaseous Diffusion Plant, Paducah, Kentucky; and the Portsmouth Gaseous Diffusion Plant, Portsmouth, Ohio. Off site facilities, owned or leased, that are occupied by LMES are also included.

  1. Determination of the structure of disordered overlayers of ethylene on clean and hydrogen-covered Pd111

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Saldin, Dilano

    Determination of the structure of disordered overlayers of ethylene on clean and hydrogen. The structure of a disordered overlayer of ethylene on hydrogen-covered Pdð111� at 80 K is also measured using, morphology, roughness, and topography; Chemisorption; Palladium; Alkenes 1. Introduction The surface

  2. Synthesis and Structure Determination of Ferromagnetic Semiconductors LaAMnSnO6 (A = Sr Ba)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    T Yang; T Perkisas; J Hadermann; M Croft; A Ignatov; M Greenblatt

    2011-12-31

    LaAMnSnO{sub 6} (A = Sr, Ba) have been synthesized by high temperature solid-state reactions under dynamic 1% H{sub 2}/Ar flow. Rietveld refinements on room temperature powder X-ray diffraction data indicate that LaSrMnSnO{sub 6} crystallizes in the GdFeO{sub 3}-structure, with space group Pnma and, combined with transmission electron microscopy, LaBaMnSnO{sub 6} in Imma. Both space groups are common in disordered double-perovskites. The Mn{sup 3+} and Sn{sup 4+} ions whose valence states were confirmed by X-ray absorption spectroscopy, are completely disordered over the B-sites and the BO{sub 6} octahedra are slightly distorted. LaAMnSnO{sub 6} are ferromagnetic semiconductors with a T{sub C} = 83 K for the Sr- and 66 K for the Ba-compound. The title compounds, together with the previously reported LaCaMnSnO{sub 6} provide an interesting example of progression from Pnma to Imma as the tolerance factor increases. An analysis of the relationship between space group and tolerance factor for the series LaAMnMO{sub 6} (A = Ca, Sr, Ba; M = Sn, Ru) provides a better understanding of the symmetry determination for double perovskites.

  3. Nanoscale structure in AgSbTe2 determined by diffuse elastic neutron scattering

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Specht, Eliot D [ORNL; Ma, Jie [ORNL; Delaire, Olivier A [ORNL; Budai, John D [ORNL; May, Andrew F [ORNL; Karapetrova, Evguenia A. [Argonne National Laboratory (ANL)

    2015-01-01

    Diffuse elastic neutron scattering measurements confirm that AgSbTe2 has a hierarchical structure, with defects on length scales from nanometers to microns. While scattering from mesoscale structure is consistent with previously-proposed structures in which Ag and Sb order on a NaCl lattice, more diffuse scattering from nanoscale structure suggests a structural rearrangement in which hexagonal layers form a combination of (ABC), (ABA), and (AAB) stacking sequences. The AgCrSe2 structure is the best-fitting model for the local atomic arrangements.

  4. Determination of reactive oxygen species from ZnO micro-nano structures with shape-dependent photocatalytic activity

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    He, Weiwei; Zhao, Hongxiao; Jia, Huimin; Yin, Jun-Jie; Zheng, Zhi

    2014-05-01

    Graphical abstract: ZnO micro/nano structures with shape dependent photocatalytic activity were prepared by hydrothermal reaction. The generations of hydroxyl radical, superoxide and singlet oxygen from irradiated ZnO were identified precisely by electron spin resonance spectroscopy. The type of reactive oxygen species was determined by band gap structure of ZnO. - Highlights: • ZnO micro/nano structures with different morphologies were prepared by solvothermal reaction. • Multi-pod like ZnO structures exhibited superior photocatalytic activity. • The generations of hydroxyl radical, superoxide and singlet oxygen from irradiated ZnO were characterized precisely by electron spin resonance spectroscopy. • The type of reactive oxygen species was determined by band gap structure of ZnO. - Abstract: ZnO micro/nano structures with different morphologies have been prepared by the changing solvents used during their synthesis by solvothermal reaction. Three typical shapes of ZnO structures including hexagonal, bell bottom like and multi-pod formed and were characterized by scanning electron microscopy and X-ray diffraction. Multi pod like ZnO structures exhibited the highest photocatalytic activity toward degradation of methyl orange. Using electron spin resonance spectroscopy coupled with spin trapping techniques, we demonstrate an effective way to identify precisely the generation of hydroxyl radicals, superoxide and singlet oxygen from the irradiated ZnO multi pod structures. The type of reactive oxygen species formed was predictable from the band gap structure of ZnO. These results indicate that the shape of micro-nano structures significantly affects the photocatalytic activity of ZnO, and demonstrate the value of electron spin resonance spectroscopy for characterizing the type of reactive oxygen species formed during photoexcitation of semiconductors.

  5. Determination of the crystalline structure of scale solids from the 16H evaporator gravity drain line to tank 38H

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Oji, L. N.

    2015-10-01

    August 2015, scale solids from the 16H Evaporator Gravity Drain Line (GDL) to the Tank 38H were delivered to SRNL for analysis. The desired analytical goal was to identify and confirm the crystalline structure of the scale material and determine if the form of the aluminosilicate mineral was consistent with previous analysis of the scale material from the GDL.

  6. Facilitation of protein 3-D structure determination using enhanced peptide amide deuterium exchange mass spectrometry (DXMS)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pantazatos, Dennis Peter

    2006-01-01

    hydrophobic interaction in protein folding. Proc Natl Acad1999;28:1-27. 15. Protein Folding, Dynamics, and StructuralHydrogen exchange and protein folding. Curr. Opin. Struct.

  7. A Constraint Logic Programming Approach to 3D Structure Determination of Large Protein Complexes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dal Palù, Alessandro

    primary sequence information (e.g., using homol- Permission to make digital or hard copies of all or part programming (CLP(FD))--three sources of information: structural information (extracted from EC density maps), information from the primary sequence, and results from secondary structure prediction methods. 2. OVERALL

  8. Selectively dispersed isotope labeling for protein structure determination by magic angle spinning NMR

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Eddy, Matthew Thomas

    The power of nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy derives from its site-specific access to chemical, structural and dynamic information. However, the corresponding multiplicity of interactions can be difficult to tease ...

  9. Determining soft segment structure-property effects in the enhancement of segmented polyurethane performance

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Waletzko, Ryan Scott

    2009-01-01

    Liquid Crystalline Elastomer (LCE)-inspired segmented polyurethane elastomers possessing widely different extents of ordering were created to mimic the hierarchical structure of the continuous matrix and superior mechanical ...

  10. Development of new parameters for structure determination and dynamic investigations on biomacromolecules by NMR

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Duchardt, Elke, 1975-

    2005-01-01

    Nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) spectroscopy is unique in the content of structural as well as dynamic information that it can provide at atomic resolution. The aim of this PhD-thesis was to contribute to the understanding ...

  11. Structure of the Archaeoglobus fulgidus orphan ORF AF1382 determined by sulfur SAD from a moderately diffracting crystal

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Zhu, Jin-Yi; Fu, Zheng-Qing; Chen, Lirong; Xu, Hao; Chrzas, John; Rose, John Wang, Bi-Cheng

    2012-09-01

    The crystal structure of the 11.14 kDa orphan ORF 1382 from Archaeoglobus fulgidus (AF1382) has been determined by sulfur SAD phasing using data collected from a moderately diffracting crystal and 1.9 Å synchrotron X-rays. The crystal structure of the 11.14 kDa orphan ORF 1382 from Archaeoglobus fulgidus (AF1382) has been determined by sulfur SAD phasing using a moderately diffracting crystal and 1.9 Å wavelength synchrotron X-rays. AF1382 was selected as a structural genomics target by the Southeast Collaboratory for Structural Genomics (SECSG) since sequence analyses showed that it did not belong to the Pfam-A database and thus could represent a novel fold. The structure was determined by exploiting longer wavelength X-rays and data redundancy to increase the anomalous signal in the data. AF1382 is a 95-residue protein containing five S atoms associated with four methionine residues and a single cysteine residue that yields a calculated Bijvoet ratio (?F{sub anom}/F) of 1.39% for 1.9 Å wavelength X-rays. Coupled with an average Bijvoet redundancy of 25 (two 360° data sets), this produced an excellent electron-density map that allowed 69 of the 95 residues to be automatically fitted. The S-SAD model was then manually completed and refined (R = 23.2%, R{sub free} = 26.8%) to 2.3 Å resolution. High-resolution data were subsequently collected from a better diffracting crystal using 0.97 Å wavelength synchrotron X-rays and the S-SAD model was refined (R = 17.9%, R{sub free} = 21.4%) to 1.85 Å resolution. AF1382 has a winged-helix–turn–helix structure common to many DNA-binding proteins and most closely resembles the N-terminal domain (residues 1–82) of the Rio2 kinase from A. fulgidus, which has been shown to bind DNA, and a number of MarR-family transcriptional regulators, suggesting a similar DNA-binding function for AF1382. The analysis also points out the advantage gained from carrying out data reduction and structure determination on-site while the crystal is still available for further data collection.

  12. Nonlinear optics determination of the symmetry group of a crystal using structured light

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jauregui, Rocio

    2015-01-01

    We put forward a technique to unveil to which symmetry group a nonlinear crystal belongs, making use of nonlinear optics with structured light. We consider as example the process of spontaneous parametric down-conversion. The crystal, which is illuminated with a special type of Bessel beam, is characterized by a nonlinear susceptibility tensor whose structure is dictated by the symmetry group of the crystal. The observation of the spatial angular dependence of the lower-frequency generated light provides direct information about the symmetry group of the crystal.

  13. SUPPLEMENTARY MATERIAL Lipid bilayer structure determined by the simultaneous analysis of neutron

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nagle, John F.

    scattering intensities I(q) for both neutrons and x-rays using )()()()( qPqPqIqF TSLC= , (1.) where PLC in structure between oriented and spherical bilayers experimentally using both neutron and x-ray scattering in (2). Our study concluded no difference between the two for x-ray and neutron scattering data

  14. A Microfluidic Device for Kinetic Optimization of Protein Crystallization and In Situ Structure Determination

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Quake, Stephen R.

    A Microfluidic Device for Kinetic Optimization of Protein Crystallization and In Situ Structure Received November 10, 2005; E-mail: quake@stanford.edu Recently microfluidic technologies have emerged microfluidic crystallization devices do not allow the post- crystallization addition of cryoprotectant

  15. Device and nondestructive method to determine subsurface micro-structure in dense materials

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Sun, Jiangang (Westmont, IL)

    2006-05-09

    A method and a device to detect subsurface three-dimensional micro-structure in a sample by illuminating the sample with light of a given polarization and detecting light emanating from the sample that has a different direction of polarization by means of a confocal optical system.

  16. Using computerized tomography to determine ionospheric structures. Part 1, Notivation and basic approaches

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Vittitoe, C.N.

    1993-08-01

    Properties of the ionosphere are reviewed along with its correlations with other geophysical phenomena and with applications of ionospheric studies to communication, navigation, and surveillance systems. Computer tomography is identified as a method to determine the detailed, three-dimensional distribution of electron density within the ionosphere. Several tomography methods are described, with a basic approach illustrated by an example. Limitations are identified.

  17. Structure determination and analysis of a haemolytic gingipain adhesin domain from Porphyromonas gingivalis

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Li, N.; Yun, P.; Nadkarni, M.A.; Ghadikolaee, N.B.; Nguyen, K.A.; Lee, M.; Hunter, N.; Collyer, C.A. (Sydney)

    2010-08-27

    Porphyromonas gingivalis is an obligately anaerobic bacterium recognized as an aetiological agent of adult periodontitis. P. gingivalis produces cysteine proteinases, the gingipains. The crystal structure of a domain within the haemagglutinin region of the lysine gingipain (Kgp) is reported here. The domain was named K2 as it is the second of three homologous structural modules in Kgp. The K2 domain structure is a 'jelly-roll' fold with two anti-parallel {beta}-sheets. This fold topology is shared with adhesive domains from functionally diverse receptors such as MAM domains, ephrin receptor ligand binding domains and a number of carbohydrate binding modules. Possible functions of K2 were investigated. K2 induced haemolysis of erythrocytes in a dose-dependent manner that was augmented by the blocking of anion transport. Further, cysteine-activated arginine gingipain RgpB, which degrades glycophorin A, sensitized erythrocytes to the haemolytic effect of K2. Cleaved K2, similar to that found in extracted Kgp, lacks the haemolytic activity indicating that autolysis of Kgp may be a staged process which is artificially enhanced by extraction of the protein. The data indicate a functional role for K2 in the integrated capacity conferred by Kgp to enable the porphyrin auxotroph P. gingivalis to capture essential haem from erythrocytes.

  18. Pore-structure determinations of silica aerogels by {sup 129}Xe NMR spectroscopy and imaging.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Gregory, D. M.; Gerald, R. E., II; Botto, R. E.; Chemistry

    1998-04-01

    Silica aerogels represent a new class of open-pore materials with pore dimensions on a scale of tens of nanometers, and are thus classified as mesoporous materials. In this work, we show that the combination of NMR spectroscopy and chemical-shift selective magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) can resolve some of the important aspects of the structure of silica aerogels. The use of xenon as a gaseous probe in combination with spatially resolved NMR techniques is demonstrated to be a powerful, new approach for characterizing the average pore structure and steady-state spatial distributions of xenon atoms in different physicochemical environments. Furthermore, dynamic NMR magnetization transfer experiments and pulsed-field gradient (PFG) measurements have been used to characterize exchange processes and diffusive motion of xenon in samples at equilibrium. In particular, this new NMR approach offers unique information and insights into the nanoscopic pore structure and microscopic morphology of aerogels and the dynamical behavior of occluded adsorbates. MRI provides spatially resolved information on the nature of the flaw regions found in these materials. Pseudo-first-order rate constants for magnetization transfer among the bulk and occluded xenon phases indicate xenon-exchange rate constants on the order of 1 s-1 for specimens having volumes of 0.03 cm3. PFG diffusion measurements show evidence of anisotropic diffusion for xenon occluded within aerogels, with nominal self-diffusivity coefficients on the order of D= 10-3cm2/s.

  19. A technique for determining the structure of cloud systems using satellite radiation data 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Laing, Arthur Ray

    1977-01-01

    , 12-16 February 1975 . ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ 34 b. Comparison of the data. . . . . . . , . . 38 c. The cloud structure in three dimensions . . 46 Vii Table of Contents cont'd 6. Conclusions. 7. Recommendations. I ~ I ~ Page 71 References ~ ~ ~ I... and Taiwan (Eig. 1). The hexagonal network i centered on l'!aha, Qkinawa, and covers much of the East China Sea and the Southwest Islands of Japan, The main course of the Kuroshio, a warm ocean current, passes through the data net. The AMTEX '7~I ob...

  20. Low Resolution Structure and Dynamics of a Colicin-Receptor Complex Determined by Neutron Scattering

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Clifton, Luke A; Johnson, Christopher L; Solovyova, Alexandra; Callow, Phil; Weiss, Kevin L; Ridley, Helen; Le Brun, Anton P; Kinane, Christian; Webster, John; Holt, Stephen A; Lakey, Jeremy H

    2012-01-01

    Proteins that translocate across cell membranes need to overcome a significant hydrophobic barrier. This is usually accomplished via specialized protein complexes, which provide a polar transmembrane pore. Exceptions to this include bacterial toxins, which insert into and cross the lipid bilayer itself. We are studying the mechanism by which large antibacterial proteins enter Escherichia coli via specific outer membrane proteins. Here we describe the use of neutron scattering to investigate the interaction of colicin N with its outer membrane receptor protein OmpF. The positions of lipids, colicin N, and OmpF were separately resolved within complex structures by the use of selective deuteration. Neutron reflectivity showed, in real time, that OmpF mediates the insertion of colicin N into lipid monolayers. This data were complemented by Brewster Angle Microscopy images, which showed a lateral association of OmpF in the presence of colicin N. Small angle neutron scattering experiments then defined the three-dimensional structure of the colicin N-OmpF complex. This revealed that colicin N unfolds and binds to the OmpF-lipid interface. The implications of this unfolding step for colicin translocation across membranes are discussed.

  1. Activation and micropore structure determination of activated carbon-fiber composites

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Jagtoyen, M.; Derbyshire, F.; Kimber, G. [Univ. of Kentucky, Lexington, KY (United States). Center for Applied Energy Research

    1997-09-05

    Rigid, high surface area activated carbon fiber composites have been produced with high permeabilities for environmental applications in gas and water purification. These novel monolithic adsorbents can be produced in single pieces to a given size and shape. The project involves a collaboration between the Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL) and the Center for Applied Energy Research (CAER), University of Kentucky. The carbon fiber composites are produced at the ORNL and activated at the CAER using different methods, with the aims of producing a uniform degree of activation, and of closely controlling pore structure and adsorptive properties. The main focus of the present work has been to find a satisfactory means to uniformly activate large samples of carbon fiber composites and produce controlled pore structures. Several environmental applications have been explored for the activated carbon fiber composites. One of these was to evaluate the activated composites for the separation of CH{sub 4}-CO{sub 2} mixtures, and an apparatus was constructed specifically for this purpose. The composites were further evaluated in the cyclic recovery of volatile organics. The activated carbon fiber composites have also been tested for possible water treatment applications by studying the adsorption of sodium pentachlorophenolate, PCP.

  2. Fault zone structure determined through the analysis of earthquake arrival times

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Michelini, A.

    1991-10-01

    This thesis develops and applies a technique for the simultaneous determination of P and S wave velocity models and hypocenters from a set of arrival times. The velocity models are parameterized in terms of cubic B-splines basis functions which permit the retrieval of smooth models that can be used directly for generation of synthetic seismograms using the ray method. In addition, this type of smoothing limits the rise of instabilities related to the poor resolving power of the data. V{sub P}/V{sub S} ratios calculated from P and S models display generally instabilities related to the different ray-coverages of compressional and shear waves. However, V{sub P}/V{sub S} ratios are important for correct identification of rock types and this study introduces a new methodology based on adding some coupling (i.e., proportionality) between P and S models which stabilizes the V{sub P}/V{sub S} models around some average preset value determined from the data. Tests of the technique with synthetic data show that this additional coupling regularizes effectively the resulting models.

  3. Surface structure determinations of crystalline ionic thin films grown on transition metal single crystal surfaces by low energy electron diffraction

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Roberts, J.G.

    2000-05-01

    The surface structures of NaCl(100), LiF(100) and alpha-MgCl2(0001) adsorbed on various metal single crystals have been determined by low energy electron diffraction (LEED). Thin films of these salts were grown on metal substrates by exposing the heated metal surface to a molecular flux of salt emitted from a Knudsen cell. This method of investigating thin films of insulators (ionic salts) on a conducting substrate (metal) circumvents surface charging problems that plagued bulk studies, thereby allowing the use of electron-based techniques to characterize the surface.

  4. The Molecular Structure of a Phosphatidylserine Bilayer Determined by Scattering and Molecular Dynamics Simulations

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Pan, Jianjun [University of South Florida, Tampa (USF)] [University of South Florida, Tampa (USF); Cheng, Xiaolin [ORNL] [ORNL; Monticelli, Luca [Institut National de la Santé et de la Recherche Médicale (INSERM) and INTS, France] [Institut National de la Santé et de la Recherche Médicale (INSERM) and INTS, France; Heberle, Frederick A [ORNL] [ORNL; Kucerka, Norbert [Atomic Energy of Canada Limited (AECL), Canadian Neutron Beam Centre (CNBC) and Comenius University,] [Atomic Energy of Canada Limited (AECL), Canadian Neutron Beam Centre (CNBC) and Comenius University,; Tieleman, D. Peter [University of Calgary, ALberta, Canada] [University of Calgary, ALberta, Canada; Katsaras, John [ORNL] [ORNL

    2014-01-01

    Phosphatidylserine (PS) lipids play essential roles in biological processes, including enzyme activation and apoptosis. We report on the molecular structure and atomic scale interactions of a fluid bilayer composed of 1-palmitoyl-2-oleoyl-sn-glycero-3-phosphatidylserine (POPS). A scattering density profile model, aided by molecular dynamics (MD) simulations, was developed to jointly refine different contrast small-angle neutron and X-ray scattering data, which yielded a lipid area of 62.7 A2 at 25 C. MD simulations with POPS lipid area constrained at different values were also performed using all-atom and aliphatic united-atom models. The optimal simulated bilayer was obtained using a model-free comparison approach. Examination of the simulated bilayer, which agrees best with the experimental scattering data, reveals a preferential interaction between Na+ ions and the terminal serine and phosphate moieties. Long-range inter-lipid interactions were identified, primarily between the positively charged ammonium, and the negatively charged carboxylic and phosphate oxygens. The area compressibility modulus KA of the POPS bilayer was derived by quantifying lipid area as a function of surface tension from area-constrained MD simulations. It was found that POPS bilayers possess a much larger KA than that of neutral phosphatidylcholine lipid bilayers. We propose that the unique molecular features of POPS bilayers may play an important role in certain physiological functions.

  5. What determines the density structure of molecular clouds ? A case study of Orion B with Herschel

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Schneider, N; Konyves, V; Bontemps, S; Motte, F; Federrath, C; Ward-Thompson, D; Arzoumanian, D; Benedettini, M; Bressert, E; Didelon, P; Di Francesco, J; Griffin, M; Hennemann, M; Hill, T; Palmeirim, P; Pezzuto, S; Peretto, N; Roy, A; Rygl, K L J; Spinoglio, L; White, G; 10.1088/2041-8205/766/2/L17

    2013-01-01

    A key parameter to the description of all star formation processes is the density structure of the gas. In this letter, we make use of probability distribution functions (PDFs) of Herschel column density maps of Orion B, Aquila, and Polaris, obtained with the Herschel Gould Belt survey (HGBS). We aim to understand which physical processes influence the PDF shape, and with which signatures. The PDFs of Orion B (Aquila) show a lognormal distribution for low column densities until Av 3 (6), and a power-law tail for high column densities, consistent with a rho r^-2 profile for the equivalent spherical density distribution. The PDF of Orion B is broadened by external compression due to the nearby OB stellar aggregates. The PDF of a quiescent subregion of the non-star-forming Polaris cloud is nearly lognormal, indicating that supersonic turbulence governs the density distribution. But we also observe a deviation from the lognormal shape at Av>1 for a subregion in Polaris that includes a prominent filament. We concl...

  6. WHAT DETERMINES THE DENSITY STRUCTURE OF MOLECULAR CLOUDS? A CASE STUDY OF ORION B WITH HERSCHEL

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Schneider, N.; Andre, Ph.; Koenyves, V.; Motte, F.; Arzoumanian, D.; Didelon, P.; Hennemann, M.; Hill, T.; Palmeirim, P.; Peretto, N.; Roy, A.; Ward-Thompson, D.; Benedettini, M.; Pezzuto, S.; Rygl, K. L. J.; Bressert, E.; Di Francesco, J.; Griffin, M.; and others

    2013-04-01

    A key parameter to the description of all star formation processes is the density structure of the gas. In this Letter, we make use of probability distribution functions (PDFs) of Herschel column density maps of Orion B, Aquila, and Polaris, obtained with the Herschel Gould Belt survey (HGBS). We aim to understand which physical processes influence the PDF shape, and with which signatures. The PDFs of Orion B (Aquila) show a lognormal distribution for low column densities until A{sub V} {approx} 3 (6), and a power-law tail for high column densities, consistent with a {rho}{proportional_to}r {sup -2} profile for the equivalent spherical density distribution. The PDF of Orion B is broadened by external compression due to the nearby OB stellar aggregates. The PDF of a quiescent subregion of the non-star-forming Polaris cloud is nearly lognormal, indicating that supersonic turbulence governs the density distribution. But we also observe a deviation from the lognormal shape at A{sub V} > 1 for a subregion in Polaris that includes a prominent filament. We conclude that (1) the point where the PDF deviates from the lognormal form does not trace a universal A{sub V} -threshold for star formation, (2) statistical density fluctuations, intermittency, and magnetic fields can cause excess from the lognormal PDF at an early cloud formation stage, (3) core formation and/or global collapse of filaments and a non-isothermal gas distribution lead to a power-law tail, and (4) external compression broadens the column density PDF, consistent with numerical simulations.

  7. The structure of Sindbis virus produced from vertebrate and invertabrate hosts determined by small angle neutron scattering

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    He, Lilin [ORNL; Piper, Amanda [North Carolina State University; Meilleur, Flora [ORNL; Myles, Dean A A [ORNL; Hernandez, Raquel [North Carolina State University; Brown, Dennis [North Carolina State University; Heller, William T [ORNL

    2010-01-01

    The complex natural cycle of vectored viruses that transition between host species, such as between insects and mammals, makes understanding the full life cycle of the virus an incredibly complex problem. Sindbis virus, an arbovirus and prototypic alphavirus having an inner protein shell and an outer glycoprotein coat separated by a lipid membrane, is one example of a vectored virus that transitions between vertebrate and insect hosts. While evidence of host-specific differences in Sindbis virus has been observed, no work has been performed to characterize the impact of the host species on the structure of the virus. Here, we report the first study of the structural differences between Sindbis viruses grown in mammalian and insect cells, which were determined by small-angle neutron scattering (SANS), a nondestructive technique that did not decrease the infectivity of the Sindbis virus particles studied. The scattering data and modeling showed that, while the radial position of the lipid bilayer did not change significantly, it was possible to conclude that it did have significantly more cholesterol when the virus was grown in mammalian cells. Additionally, the outer protein coat was found to be more extended in the mammalian Sindbis virus. The SANS data also demonstrated that the RNA and nucleocapsid protein share a closer interaction in the mammalian-cell-grown virus than in the virus from insect cells.

  8. From forced collapse to H ii region expansion in Mon R2: Envelope density structure and age determination with Herschel

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Didelon, P; Tremblin, P; Hill, T; Hony, S; Hennemann, M; Hennebelle, P; Anderson, L D; Galliano, F; Schneider, N; Rayner, T; Rygl, K; Louvet, F; Zavagno, A; Konyves, V; Sauvage, M; Andre, Ph; Bontemps, S; Peretto, N; Griffin, M; Gonzalez, M; Lebouteiller, V; Arzoumanian, D; Benedettini, M; Di Francesco, J; Menshchikov, A; Minier, V; Luong, Q Nguyen; Bernard, J -P; Palmeirim, P; Pezzuto, S; Rivera-Ingraham, A; Russeil, D; Ward-Thompson, D; White, G J

    2015-01-01

    The surroundings of HII regions can have a profound influence on their development, morphology, and evolution. This paper explores the effect of the environment on H II regions in the MonR2 molecular cloud. We aim to investigate the density structure of envelopes surrounding HII regions and to determine their collapse and ionisation expansion ages. The Mon R2 molecular cloud is an ideal target since it hosts an H II region association. Column density and temperature images derived from Herschel data were used together to model the structure of HII bubbles and their surrounding envelopes. The resulting observational constraints were used to follow the development of the Mon R2 ionised regions with analytical calculations and numerical simulations. The four hot bubbles associated with H II regions are surrounded by dense, cold, and neutral gas envelopes. The radial density profiles are reminiscent of those of low-mass protostellar envelopes. The inner parts of envelopes of all four HII regions could be free-fal...

  9. Experimental phasing for structure determination using membrane-protein crystals grown by the lipid cubic phase method

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Li, Dianfan; Pye, Valerie E.; Caffrey, Martin, E-mail: martin.caffrey@tcd.ie [Trinity College Dublin, Dublin (Ireland)

    2015-01-01

    Very little information is available in the literature concerning the experimental heavy-atom phasing of membrane-protein structures where the crystals have been grown using the lipid cubic phase (in meso) method. In this paper, pre-labelling, co-crystallization, soaking, site-specific mercury binding to genetically engineered single-cysteine mutants and selenomethionine labelling as applied to an integral membrane kinase crystallized in meso are described. An assay to assess cysteine accessibility for mercury labelling of membrane proteins is introduced. Despite the marked increase in the number of membrane-protein structures solved using crystals grown by the lipid cubic phase or in meso method, only ten have been determined by SAD/MAD. This is likely to be a consequence of the technical difficulties associated with handling proteins and crystals in the sticky and viscous hosting mesophase that is usually incubated in glass sandwich plates for the purposes of crystallization. Here, a four-year campaign aimed at phasing the in meso structure of the integral membrane diacylglycerol kinase (DgkA) from Escherichia coli is reported. Heavy-atom labelling of this small hydrophobic enzyme was attempted by pre-labelling, co-crystallization, soaking, site-specific mercury binding to genetically engineered single-cysteine mutants and selenomethionine incorporation. Strategies and techniques for special handling are reported, as well as the typical results and the lessons learned for each of these approaches. In addition, an assay to assess the accessibility of cysteine residues in membrane proteins for mercury labelling is introduced. The various techniques and strategies described will provide a valuable reference for future experimental phasing of membrane proteins where crystals are grown by the lipid cubic phase method.

  10. Explosives under pressure - the crystal structure of gamma-RDX as determined by high-pressure X-ray and neutron diffraction 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Davidson, A.J.; Oswald, Iain D H; Francis, A.R.; Pulham, Colin

    Using a combination of X-ray single crystal and neutron powder diffraction, the crystal structure of the high-pressure ?-form of RDX has been determined at 5.2 GPa and shows that the RDX molecules adopt different conformations ...

  11. The structures of full-length p53 monomer and tetramer when unbound to DNA and structural domain determination in p53

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pham, Nam Hoang

    2011-01-01

    DNA recognition by p53 tetramers. Mol Cell 22, 741-753. 20.binding modes for p53 tetramers in complex with DNA. Procsite as a self-assembled tetramer. Structure 18, 246-256. 7.

  12. Single-particle structure determination by correlations of snapshot X-ray diffraction patterns (CXIDB ID 20)

    DOE Data Explorer [Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)]

    Starodub, D.

    2013-03-25

    This deposition includes the diffraction images generated by the paired polystyrene spheres in random orientations. These images were used to determine and phase the single particle diffraction volume from their autocorrelation functions.

  13. Structure Determination of Ba8CoRh6O21, a New Member of the 2H-Perovskite Related Oxides

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    zur Loye, Hans-Conrad

    Structure Determination of Ba8CoRh6O21, a New Member of the 2H-Perovskite Related Oxides H.-C. zur of an m = 5, n = 3 member of the A3n+3mA'nB3m+nO9m+6n family of 2H hexagonal perovskite related oxides. For this reason, perovskite and perovskite-related oxides in particular have long provided excellent candidates

  14. Using computerized tomography to determine ionospheric structures. Part 2, A method using curved paths to increase vertical resolution

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Vittitoe, C.N.

    1993-08-01

    A method is presented to unfold the two-dimensional vertical structure in electron density by using data on the total electron content for a series of paths through the ionosphere. The method uses a set of orthonormal basis functions to represent the vertical structure and takes advantage of curved paths and the eikonical equation to reduce the number of iterations required for a solution. Curved paths allow a more thorough probing of the ionosphere with a given set of transmitter and receiver positions. The approach can be directly extended to more complex geometries.

  15. Structure and Binding Site of Acetate on Pd(111) Determined Using Density Functional Theory and Low Energy Electron Diffraction

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Saldin, Dilano

    , University of Wisconsin ­ Milwaukee, Milwaukee, WI 53211, USA 4 National Energy Technology Laboratory and Low Energy Electron Diffraction Joanna James1 , Dilano K. Saldin2 , T. Zheng3 , W. T. Tysoe3 Theory (DFT) calculations have played a key role in the growing list of surface species whose structure

  16. Structure andhydrogeochemicalfunctioningof a sparkling natural mineral1 water system determined usinga multidisciplinary approach: a case study2

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyer, Edmond

    rootedhydraulically independent permeable structures that arefed by deep CO2-rich crustal20 fluids.The non sites.27 28 Keywords:thermal conditions, CO2, fractured rock, natural mineral water, France29 30 NOTE(Clemente and Villadolid-Abrigo 1993; Lachassagne et al. 2009).42 Sparklingnaturalmineral water systems comprise water, CO2

  17. A Procedure for Determination of Degradation Acceptance Criteria for Structures and Passive Components in Nuclear Power Plants

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Nie, J.; Braverman, J.; Hofmayer, C.; Choun, Y-S.; Hahm, D.; Choi, I-K.

    2012-01-30

    The Korea Atomic Energy Research Institute (KAERI) has been collaborating with Brookhaven National Laboratory since 2007 to develop a realistic seismic risk evaluation system which includes the consideration of aging of structures and components in nuclear power plants (NPPs). This collaboration program aims at providing technical support to a five-year KAERI research project, which includes three specific areas that are essential to seismic probabilistic risk assessment: (1) probabilistic seismic hazard analysis, (2) seismic fragility analysis including the effects of aging, and (3) a plant seismic risk analysis. The understanding and assessment of age-related degradations of structures, systems, and components and their impact on plant safety is the major goal of this KAERI-BNL collaboration. Four annual reports have been published before this report as a result of the collaboration research.

  18. Underpotential deposition of Ag adlayers on Pt(111): Structures and determination of O{sub 2} adsorption on Pt(111)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Marinkovic, N.S.; Wang, J.X.; Adzic, R.R.

    1997-09-01

    The structure of Ag adlayers deposited at underpotentials in sulfuric acid on Pt(111), and the inhibition of O{sub 2} reduction they cause, have been studied using grazing incident angle x-ray diffraction measurements, as well as linear sweep voltammetry and in situ FTIR spectroscopy. Ag forms a hexagonal incommensurate bilayer, with two mutually commensurate monolayers. It is aligned with the Pt(111) substrate, although slightly expanded. The first monolayer has a commensurate (1 x 1) structure. A second layer causes a restructuring of the first monolayer. Deposition of each monolayer is associated with one voltammetry Peak. A complete inhibition of O{sub 2} reduction on Pt(111) has been observed upon deposition of both, Ag monolayer and bilayer. Analysis of the inhibition of O{sub 2} reduction as a function of the Ag coverage shows that during reduction O{sub 2} adsorbs in a bridge configuration on Pt(111).

  19. The $g$-factor of light ions for an improved determination of the fine-structure constant

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yerokhin, V A; Harman, Z; Tupitsyn, I I; Keitel, C H

    2015-01-01

    A weighted difference of the $g$-factors of the H- and Li-like ions of the same element is theoretically studied and optimized in order to maximize the cancelation of nuclear effects between the two charge states. We show that this weighted difference and its combination for two different elements can be used to extract the fine-structure constant from near-future bound-electron $g$-factor experiments with an accuracy improvement by orders of magnitude as compared to its present literature value.

  20. Direct phase selection of initial phases from single-wavelength anomalous dispersion (SAD) for the improvement of electron density and ab initio structure determination

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Chen, Chung-De [National Synchrotron Radiation Research Center, 101 Hsin-Ann Road, Hsinchu 30076, Taiwan (China); National Tsing Hua University, Hsinchu, Taiwan (China); Huang, Yen-Chieh [National Synchrotron Radiation Research Center, 101 Hsin-Ann Road, Hsinchu 30076, Taiwan (China); Chiang, Hsin-Lin [National Tsing Hua University, Hsinchu, Taiwan (China); Hsieh, Yin-Cheng; Guan, Hong-Hsiang; Chuankhayan, Phimonphan [National Synchrotron Radiation Research Center, 101 Hsin-Ann Road, Hsinchu 30076, Taiwan (China); Chen, Chun-Jung, E-mail: cjchen@nsrrc.org.tw [National Synchrotron Radiation Research Center, 101 Hsin-Ann Road, Hsinchu 30076, Taiwan (China); National Tsing Hua University, Hsinchu, Taiwan (China); National Cheng Kung University, Tainan City 701, Taiwan (China); National Cheng Kung University, Tainan City 701, Taiwan (China)

    2014-09-01

    A novel direct phase-selection method to select optimized phases from the ambiguous phases of a subset of reflections to replace the corresponding initial SAD phases has been developed. With the improved phases, the completeness of built residues of protein molecules is enhanced for efficient structure determination. Optimization of the initial phasing has been a decisive factor in the success of the subsequent electron-density modification, model building and structure determination of biological macromolecules using the single-wavelength anomalous dispersion (SAD) method. Two possible phase solutions (?{sub 1} and ?{sub 2}) generated from two symmetric phase triangles in the Harker construction for the SAD method cause the well known phase ambiguity. A novel direct phase-selection method utilizing the ?{sub DS} list as a criterion to select optimized phases ?{sub am} from ?{sub 1} or ?{sub 2} of a subset of reflections with a high percentage of correct phases to replace the corresponding initial SAD phases ?{sub SAD} has been developed. Based on this work, reflections with an angle ?{sub DS} in the range 35–145° are selected for an optimized improvement, where ?{sub DS} is the angle between the initial phase ?{sub SAD} and a preliminary density-modification (DM) phase ?{sub DM}{sup NHL}. The results show that utilizing the additional direct phase-selection step prior to simple solvent flattening without phase combination using existing DM programs, such as RESOLVE or DM from CCP4, significantly improves the final phases in terms of increased correlation coefficients of electron-density maps and diminished mean phase errors. With the improved phases and density maps from the direct phase-selection method, the completeness of residues of protein molecules built with main chains and side chains is enhanced for efficient structure determination.

  1. History and Solution of the Phase Problem in theTheory of Structure Determination of Crystals from X-ray Diffraction Experiments

    ScienceCinema (OSTI)

    Wolf, Emil [University of Rochester, Rochester, New York, United States

    2010-09-01

    Since the pioneering work of Max von Laue on interference and diffraction of x-rays, carried out almost 100 years ago, numerous attempts have been made to determine structures of crystalline media from x-ray diffraction experiments. The usefulness of all of them has been limited by the inability of measuring phases of the diffracted beams. In this talk, the most important research carried out in this field will be reviewed and a recently obtained solution of the phase problem will be presented.

  2. X-ray absorption fine structure spectroscopic determination of plutonium speciation at the Rocky Flats environmental technology

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Lezama-pacheco, Juan S; Conradson, Steven D; Clark, David L

    2008-01-01

    X-ray Absorption Fine Structure spectroscopy was used to probe the speciation of the ppm level Pu in thirteen soil and concrete samples from the Rocky Flats Environmental Technology Site in support of the site remediation effort that has been successfully completed since these measurements. In addition to X-ray Absorption Near Edge Spectra, two of the samples yielded Extended X-ray Absorption Fine Structure spectra that could be analyzed by curve-fits. Most of these spectra exhibited features consistent with PU(IV), and more specificaJly, PuO{sub 2+x}-type speciation. Two were ambiguous, possibly indicating that Pu that was originally present in a different form was transforming into PuO{sub 2+x}, and one was interpreted as demonstrating the presence of an unusual Pu(VI) compound, consistent with its source being spills from a PUREX purification line onto a concrete floor and the resultant extreme conditions. These experimental results therefore validated models that predicted that insoluble PuO{sub 2+x} would be the most stable form of Pu in equilibrium with air and water even when the source terms were most likely Pu metal with organic compounds or a Pu fire. A corollary of these models' predictions and other in situ observations is therefore that the minimal transport of Pu that occurred on the site was via the resuspension and mobilization of colloidal particles. Under these conditions, the small amounts of diffusely distributed Pu that were left on the site after its remediation pose only a negligible hazard.

  3. IMPROVED V II log(gf) VALUES, HYPERFINE STRUCTURE CONSTANTS, AND ABUNDANCE DETERMINATIONS IN THE PHOTOSPHERES OF THE SUN AND METAL-POOR STAR HD 84937

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Wood, M. P.; Lawler, J. E.; Den Hartog, E. A.; Sneden, C.; Cowan, J. J. E-mail: jelawler@wisc.edu E-mail: chris@verdi.as.utexas.edu

    2014-10-01

    New experimental absolute atomic transition probabilities are reported for 203 lines of V II. Branching fractions are measured from spectra recorded using a Fourier transform spectrometer and an echelle spectrometer. The branching fractions are normalized with radiative lifetime measurements to determine the new transition probabilities. Generally good agreement is found between this work and previously reported V II transition probabilities. Two spectrometers, independent radiometric calibration methods, and independent data analysis routines enable a reduction in systematic uncertainties, in particular those due to optical depth errors. In addition, new hyperfine structure constants are measured for selected levels by least squares fitting line profiles in the FTS spectra. The new V II data are applied to high resolution visible and UV spectra of the Sun and metal-poor star HD 84937 to determine new, more accurate V abundances. Lines covering a range of wavelength and excitation potential are used to search for non-LTE effects. Very good agreement is found between our new solar photospheric V abundance, log ?(V) = 3.95 from 15 V II lines, and the solar-system meteoritic value. In HD 84937, we derive [V/H] = –2.08 from 68 lines, leading to a value of [V/Fe] = 0.24.

  4. Investigation of protein structure determination

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    in the manuscript are based on my individual analysis of data acquired by the collaboration at LCLS and on my individual work before experiments at LCLS in preparation laborator

  5. Genetic Determinants of Brain Structure

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hibar, Derrek Paul

    2013-01-01

    Q. , Zhao, H. , Matsuda, I. , Fukushima, Y. , Macer, D. R. ,C. , Zhao, H. , Matsuda, I. , Fukushima, Y. , Macer, D. R. ,Zhao, H. , Matsuda, I. , Fukushima, Y. , Macer, D.R. , Suda,

  6. Genetic Determinants of Brain Structure

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hibar, Derrek Paul

    2013-01-01

    L. Stein, Omis Kohannim, Neda Jahanshad, Clifford R. Jack,L. Stein, Omid Kohannim, Neda Jahanshad, Andrew J. Saykin,1875-1891. Derrek P. Hibar, Neda Jahanshad, Jason L. Stein,

  7. Evaluation of the performance of an all-quartz dielectric rod waveguide cell for microwave spectroscopy and an attempted determination of the structure of antimony trifluoride by microwave spectroscopy 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Neuvar, Erwin William

    1961-01-01

    (19+). Townes, C. H. and A. L. Schawlow, fl~l~~wav NoGraw-Hill Book Co, , Inc. & New York, 19 Gordy, Walter, Reviews of Nodern Physics& QQ, 668 (1948), AN ATTENFTED DETERMINATION OP THE STRUCTURE OF ANTIMONY TRIFLUORIDE BY MICROWAVE SPECTROSCOPY...

  8. STRUCTURAL DETERMINATION OF MOLECULAR OVERLAYER SYSTEMS WITH NORMAL PHOTOELECTRON DIFFRACTION: c(2x2)CO-Ni(001) AND (/3 x /3)R30| Co-Ni(111)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kevan, S.D.

    2012-01-01

    electron diffraction (LEED), for subsequent, quantitativeadsorption system and because LEED structure analysis has° CO-Ni(lll) system, for which no LEED data presently exist.

  9. The impact of market structure on price determination : a simulation approach using multi-agent reinforcement learning in continuous state and action space

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shu, Buliao

    2014-01-01

    This thesis proposes a simulation tool to study the question of how market structure and market players' behavior affect price movements. The adaptive market simulation system consists of multiple agents and a centralized ...

  10. The D1-173 amino acid is a structural determinant of the critical interaction between D1-Tyr161 (TyrZ) and D1-His190 in Photosystem II

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    TyrZ Proline The main cofactors of Photosystem II (PSII) are borne by the D1 and D2 subunits are located upstream of the -helix bearing TyrZ and between the two -helices bearing TyrZ and its hydrogen substitution in PsbA2-PSII versus PsbA3-PSII is shown to be the main structural determinant of the previously

  11. Precise determination of the deuteron spin structure at low to moderate Q2 with CLAS and extraction of the neutron contribution

    DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

    Guler, N.; Fersch, R. G.; Kuhn, S. E.; Bosted, P.; Griffioen, K. A.; Keith, C.; Minehart, R.; Prok, Y.; Adhikari, K. P.; Adikaram, D.; et al

    2015-11-02

    In this study, we present the final results for the deuteron spin structure functions obtained from the full data set collected with Jefferson Lab's CLAS in 2000-2001. Polarized electrons with energies of 1.6, 2.5, 4.2 and 5.8 GeV were scattered from deuteron (15ND3) targets, dynamically polarized along the beam direction, and detected with CLAS. From the measured double spin asymmetry, the virtual photon absorption asymmetry Ad1 and the polarized structure function gd1 were extracted over a wide kinematic range (0.05 GeV2 more »a parametrization of the corresponding proton results to extract from these data the polarized structure functions An1 and g1n of the (bound) neutron, which are so far unknown in the resonance region, W « less

  12. Precise Determination of the Deuteron Spin Structure at Low to Moderate $Q^2$ with CLAS and Extraction of the Neutron Contribution

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    N. Guler; R. G. Fersch; S. E. Kuhn; P. Bosted; K. A. Griffioen; C. Keith; R. Minehart; Y. Prok; K. P. Adhikari; D. Adikaram; M. J. Amaryan; M. D. Anderson; S. Anefalos Pereira; J. Ball; M. Battaglieri; V. Batourine; I. Bedlinskiy; W. J. Briscoe; W. K. Brooks; S. Bultmann; V. D. Burkert; D. S. Carman; A. Celentano; S. Chandavar; G. Charles; L. Colaneri; P. L. Cole; M. Contalbrigo; D. Crabb; V. Crede; A. D Angelo; N. Dashyan; A. Deur; C. Djalali; G. E. Dodge; R. Dupre; A. El Alaoui; L. El Fassi; L. Elouadrhiri; P. Eugenio; G. Fedotov; S. Fegan; A. Filippi; J. A. Fleming; T. A. Forest; B. Garillon; M. Garcon; N. Gevorgyan; G. P. Gilfoyle; K. L. Giovanetti; F. X. Girod; J. T. Goetz; E. Golovatch; R. W. Gothe; M. Guidal; L. Guo; K. Hafidi; H. Hakobyan; N. Harrison; M. Hattawy; K. Hicks; D. Ho; M. Holtrop; S. M. Hughes; C. E. Hyde; D. G. Ireland; B. S. Ishkhanov; E. L. Isupov; H. S. Jo; K. Joo; S. Joosten; D. Keller; M. Khandaker; A. Kim; W. Kim; A. Klein; F. J. Klein; V. Kubarovsky; S. V. Kuleshov; K. Livingston; H. Y. Lu; I. J. D. MacGregor; B. McKinnon; M. Mirazita; V. Mokeev; R. A. Montgomery; A Movsisyan; C. Munoz Camacho; P. Nadel-Turonski; L. A. Net; I. Niculescu; M. Osipenko; A. I. Ostrovidov; K. Park; E. Pasyuk; S. Pisano; O. Pogorelko; J. W. Price; S. Procureur; M. Ripani; A. Rizzo; G. Rosner; P. Rossi; P. Roy; F. Sabatie; C. Salgado; D. Schott; R. A. Schumacher; E. Seder; A. Simonyan; Iu. Skorodumina; D. Sokhan; N. Sparveris; I. I. Strakovsky; S. Strauch; V. Sytnik; Ye Tian; S. Tkachenko; M. Ungaro; E. Voutier; N. K. Walford; X. Wei; L. B. Weinstein; M. H. Wood; N. Zachariou; L. Zana; J. Zhang; Z. W. Zhao; I. Zonta

    2015-06-01

    We present the final results for the deuteron spin structure functions obtained from the full data set collected with Jefferson Lab's CLAS in 2000-2001. Polarized electrons with energies of 1.6, 2.5, 4.2 and 5.8 GeV were scattered from deuteron ($^{15}$ND$_3$) targets, dynamically polarized along the beam direction, and detected with CLAS. From the measured double spin asymmetry, the virtual photon absorption asymmetry $A_1^d$ and the polarized structure function $g_1^d$ were extracted over a wide kinematic range (0.05 GeV$^2 < Q^2 <$ 5 GeV$^2$ and 0.9 GeV $< W <$ 3 GeV). We use an unfolding procedure and a parametrization of the corresponding proton results to extract from these data the polarized structure functions $A_1^n$ and $g_1^n$ of the (bound) neutron, which are so far unknown in the resonance region, $W < 2$ GeV. We compare our final results, including several moments of the deuteron and neutron spin structure functions, with various theoretical models and expectations as well as parametrizations of the world data. The unprecedented precision and dense kinematic coverage of these data can aid in future extractions of polarized parton distributions, tests of perturbative QCD predictions for the quark polarization at large $x$, a better understanding of quark-hadron duality, and more precise values for higher-twist matrix elements in the framework of the Operator Product Expansion.

  13. Structure of a B{sub 6}-like phase formed from bent-core liquid crystals determined by microbeam x-ray diffraction

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kang, Sungmin; Tokita, Masatoshi; Takanishi, Yoichi; Takezoe, Hideo; Watanabe, Junji

    2007-10-15

    We studied the structure of the B{sub x} phase formed from the short terminal homolog, 1,3-(4-bromobenzene) bis[4-(4-n-butoxyphenylliminomethyl)benzoate] (4Br-P-4-O-PIMB), by focusing a microbeam of x ray on the well-developed fan-shaped texture. From the highly oriented x-ray patterns detected at the two states of DC-ON and DC-OFF, the B{sub x} structure was definitely illustrated. It is a kind of frustrated one similar to the B{sub 1} phase: the molecules lie perpendicularly to the layer, and the frustration takes place perpendicularly to the bent direction. Unlike in the B{sub 1} phase, however, the size of the resulting antidomain is not definite, but fluctuates from position to position as observed in the B{sub 6} phase.

  14. Synthesis and X-ray crystal structure determination of N-p-methylphenyl-4-benzoyl-3,4-diphenyl-2-azetidinone

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kabak, Mehmet; Senoez, Huelya; Elmali, Ayhan; Adar, Vildan; Svoboda, Ingrid; Dusek, Michal; Fejfarova, Karla

    2010-12-15

    The title compound, C{sub 29}H{sub 23}NO{sub 2}, has been characterized by single-crystal X-ray diffraction at two different temperatures (303 K and 120 K) and wavelengths (MoK{sub {alpha}} and CuK{sub {alpha}}). The non-centrosymmetric hexagonal crystal structure contains four-membered planar {beta}-lactam ring with an unusually long C-C bond. The {beta}-lactam ring is almost planar.

  15. Global Structure of a Three-Way Junction in a Phi29 Packaging RNA Dimer Determined Using Site-Directed Spin Labeling

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Zhang, Xiaojun; Tung, Chang-Shung; Sowa, Glenna; Hatmal, Ma'mon M.; Haworth, Ian S.; Qin, Peter Z.

    2012-02-08

    The condensation of bacteriophage phi29 genomic DNA into its preformed procapsid requires the DNA packaging motor, which is the strongest known biological motor. The packaging motor is an intricate ring-shaped protein/RNA complex, and its function requires an RNA component called packaging RNA (pRNA). Current structural information on pRNA is limited, which hinders studies of motor function. Here, we used site-directed spin labeling to map the conformation of a pRNA three-way junction that bridges binding sites for the motor ATPase and the procapsid. The studies were carried out on a pRNA dimer, which is the simplest ring-shaped pRNA complex and serves as a functional intermediate during motor assembly. Using a nucleotide-independent labeling scheme, stable nitroxide radicals were attached to eight specific pRNA sites without perturbing RNA folding and dimer formation, and a total of 17 internitroxide distances spanning the three-way junction were measured using Double Electron-Electron Resonance spectroscopy. The measured distances, together with steric chemical constraints, were used to select 3662 viable three-way junction models from a pool of 65 billion. The results reveal a similar conformation among the viable models, with two of the helices (HT and HL) adopting an acute bend. This is in contrast to a recently reported pRNA tetramer crystal structure, in which HT and HL stack onto each other linearly. The studies establish a new method for mapping global structures of complex RNA molecules, and provide information on pRNA conformation that aids investigations of phi29 packaging motor and developments of pRNA-based nanomedicine and nanomaterial.

  16. Importance of static quadrupole moments for determining collective aspects of nuclear structure: N=Z calculations with four and eight valence particles

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    S. J. Q. Robinson; T. Hoang; L. Zamick; Y. Y. Sharon; A. Escuderos

    2013-10-25

    In this work we look at the low lying nuclear structure of several N=Z nuclei residing between the doubly magic nucei ^{40} Ca and ^{100} Sn. Using large shell model codes we calculate and discuus the systematics of enegies. We show energy levels, B(E2)'s, static quadrupule moments and g factors. In all cases we compare the results of 2 different interactions which yield significanly different occupation numbers. We compare with the simplest versions of the rotational and vibrational models. By examinnig B(E2)'s and static quadrupole moments we make associations with collective models find that in the model space here considered ,{}^{88} Ru is oblate . The quadruple moment of ^{92} Pd is very small consistent with the vibrational model.

  17. Sco X-1 and Cyg X-1: Determination of Strength and Structure of Magnetic Field in the Nearest Environment of Accreting Compact Stars

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yu. N. Gnedin; N. A. Silant'ev; L. G. Titarchuk

    2002-07-30

    We estimated the magnetic field strength of compact stars in X-ray binaries Sco X-1 and Cyg X-1, via various methods of determination of magnetic fields. For Sco X-1 we used three independent methods. One of them is based on the correct account of the Faraday rotation of polarization plane in the process of electron scattering of X-rays from accreting neutron stars. Numerical calculations are made with use of first X-rays polarimetric data presented by Long et al. (1979). Other original method of determing the magnetic field developed by Titarchuk at al. (2001) is based on observed quasi-periodic oscillations (QPO) frequencies in X-ray binaries that can be considered as magnetoacoustic oscillations of boundary layer near a neutron star. The optical polarimetric data obtained in 70-th have been also used for estimation of magnetic field of the neutron star in Sco X-1 and of nearest environment around the black hole in Cyg X-1.

  18. Ash Determinations 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Unknown

    2011-08-17

    Germination of Ashe juniper seed were compared in a controlled environment at different levels of fruit maturation, lengths of storage, and seed stratification to determine potential germination. Annual mean germination varied by an order...

  19. Evolution of Substrate Specificity within a Diverse Family of [beta/alpha]-Barrel-fold Basic Amino Acid Decarboxylases X-ray Structure Determination of Enzymes with Specificity for L-Arginine and Carboxynorspermidine

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Deng, Xiaoyi; Lee, Jeongmi; Michael, Anthony J.; Tomchick, Diana R.; Goldsmith, Elizabeth J.; Phillips, Margaret A. (Sungkyunkwan); (UTSMC)

    2010-08-26

    Pyridoxal 5{prime}-phosphate (PLP)-dependent basic amino acid decarboxylases from the {beta}/{alpha}-barrel-fold class (group IV) exist in most organisms and catalyze the decarboxylation of diverse substrates, essential for polyamine and lysine biosynthesis. Herein we describe the first x-ray structure determination of bacterial biosynthetic arginine decarboxylase (ADC) and carboxynorspermidine decarboxylase (CANSDC) to 2.3- and 2.0-{angstrom} resolution, solved as product complexes with agmatine and norspermidine. Despite low overall sequence identity, the monomeric and dimeric structures are similar to other enzymes in the family, with the active sites formed between the {beta}/{alpha}-barrel domain of one subunit and the {beta}-barrel of the other. ADC contains both a unique interdomain insertion (4-helical bundle) and a C-terminal extension (3-helical bundle) and it packs as a tetramer in the asymmetric unit with the insertions forming part of the dimer and tetramer interfaces. Analytical ultracentrifugation studies confirmed that the ADC solution structure is a tetramer. Specificity for different basic amino acids appears to arise primarily from changes in the position of, and amino acid replacements in, a helix in the {beta}-barrel domain we refer to as the 'specificity helix.' Additionally, in CANSDC a key acidic residue that interacts with the distal amino group of other substrates is replaced by Leu{sup 314}, which interacts with the aliphatic portion of norspermidine. Neither product, agmatine in ADC nor norspermidine in CANSDC, form a Schiff base to pyridoxal 5{prime}-phosphate, suggesting that the product complexes may promote product release by slowing the back reaction. These studies provide insight into the structural basis for the evolution of novel function within a common structural-fold.

  20. Structural determinants of Mexican American intermarriage 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Anderson, Robert Niel

    1992-01-01

    . 1986. "Patterns of ethnic marriage in the United States. " Social Forces 65:202-223. Arce, Carlos H. , and Armando Abney-Guardado. 1982. "Demographic and cultural correlates of Chicano intermarriage. " California Sociologist 5:41-57. Bean, Frank D...

  1. Polarity of annealing and structural analysis of the RNase H resistant alpha-5'-d(TACACA). beta-5'-r(AUGUGU) hybrid determined by high-field sup 1 H, sup 13 C, and sup 31 P NMR analysis

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Gmeiner, W.H.; Rao, K.E.; Rayner, B.; Vasseur, J.J.; Morvan, F.; Imbach, J.L.; Lown, J.W. )

    1990-11-13

    The novel hybrid duplex alpha-5'-d(TACACA)-3'.beta-5'-r(AUGUGU)-3' was analyzed extensively by 1D and 2D NMR methods. Two forms of the duplex exist in about an 80:20 ratio. Analysis of the exchangeable imino protons of the major component revealed that three AU and one AT base pair are present in addition to two GC base pairs, confirming that the duplex anneals in parallel orientation. The presence of the AT base pair, which can only be accounted for by a parallel duplex, was confirmed by a selective INEPT experiment, which correlated the thymidine imino proton to its C5 carbon. The lesser antiparallel form could be detected by exchangeable and nonexchangeable proton resonances in both strands. An exchange peak was observed in the NOESY spectrum for the thymidine methyl group resonance in both the predominant and lesser conformations, indicating the lifetime of the individual structures was on the millisecond time scale. The nonexchangeable protons of the predominant duplex were assigned by standard methods. The sugar pucker of the ribonucleosides was determined to be of the S type by a pseudorotation analysis according to Altona, with the J-couplings measured from the multiplet components of the phase-sensitive COSY experiment. The NOE pattern observed for the alpha-deoxynucleosides also suggested an S-type sugar pucker. The adoption of an S-type sugar pucker for both strands indicates that, in contrast to RNA.DNA duplexes formed exclusively from beta-nucleotides, the alpha-DNA.beta-RNA duplex may form a B-type helix. The 31P resonances of the alpha and beta strands have very different chemical shifts in the hybrid duplex and the difference persists above the helix melting temperature, indicating an intrinsic difference in 31P chemical shift for nucleotides differing only in the configuration about the glycosidic bond.

  2. CX-008738: Categorical Exclusion Determination

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Determination of Microstructure and Chemical State Changes in Ion-Irradiated Fuels and Structural Components with a High Kinetic Energy Electron Detector – Illinois Institute of Technology CX(s) Applied: B3.6 Date: 05/22/2012 Location(s): Idaho Offices(s): Idaho Operations Office

  3. TOPSAN: a collaborative annotation environment for structural genomics.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Weekes, Dana; Krishna, S; Bakolitsa, Constantina; Wilson, Ian A; Godzik, Adam; Wooley, John

    2010-01-01

    environment for structural genomics Dana Weekes 1† , S Srihigh-throughput structural genomics centers, despite theirbeing determined by structural genomics centers and high-

  4. Determining solar abundances using helioseismology

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    H. M. Antia; Sarbani Basu

    2006-02-28

    The recent downward revision of solar photospheric abundances of Oxygen and other heavy elements has resulted in serious discrepancies between solar models and solar structure as determined through helioseismology. In this work we investigate the possibility of determining the solar heavy-element abundance without reference to spectroscopy by using helioseismic data. Using the dimensionless sound-speed derivative in the solar convection zone, we find that the heavy element abundance, Z, of 0.0172 +/- 0.002, which is closer to the older, higher value of the abundances.

  5. Magnesium substitutions in rare-earth metal germanides with the Gd5Si4 type. Synthesis, structure determination and magnetic properties of RE5-xMgxGe4 (RE=Gd-Tm, Lu and Y)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Sarrao, J L [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Thompson, Joe D [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Tobash, P H [UNIV. OF DE; Bobev, S [UNIV. OF DE

    2009-01-01

    A series of magnesium-substituted rare-earth metal germanides with a general formula RE{sub 5-x}Mg{sub x}Ge{sub 4} (x {approx} 1.0-2.3; RE =Gd-Tm, Lu, Y) have been synthesized by high-temperature reactions and structurally characterized by single-crystal X-ray diffraction. These compounds crystallize with the common Gd{sub 5}Si{sub 4} type in the orthorhombic space group Pnma (No. 62; Z =4; Pearson's code oP36) and do not appear to undergo temperature-induced crystallographic phase transitions down to 120 K. Replacing rare-earth metal atoms with Mg, up to nearly 45 % at., reduces the valence electron count and is clearly expressed in the subtle changes of the Ge-Ge and metal-metal bonding. Magnetization measurements as a function of the temperature and the applied field reveal complex magnetic structures at cryogenic temperatures, and Curie-Weiss paramagnetic behavior at higher temperatures. The observed local moment magnetism is consistent with RE+ ground states in all cases. In the magnetically ordered phases, the magnetization cannot reach saturation in fields up to 50 kOe. The structural trends across the series and the variations of hte magnetic properties as a function of the Mg content are also discussed. KEYWORDS: Rare-earth intermetallics, germanides, crystal structure,Gd{sub 5}Si{sub 4} type.

  6. Observables on Quantum Structures

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Anatolij Dvure?enskij; Mária Kuková

    2012-04-29

    An observable on a quantum structure is any $\\sigma$-homomorphism of quantum structures from the Borel $\\sigma$-algebra into the quantum structure. We show that our partial information on an observable known only for all intervals of the form $(-\\infty,t)$ is sufficient to determine uniquely the whole observable defined on quantum structures like $\\sigma$-MV-algebras, $\\sigma$-effect algebras, Boolean $\\sigma$-algebras, monotone $\\sigma$-complete effect algebras with the Riesz Decomposition Property, the effect algebra of effect operators of a Hilbert space, and a system of functions, and an effect-tribe.

  7. Robust, High-Throughput Analysis of Protein Structures

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Robust, High-Throughput Analysis of Protein Structures Print Scientists have developed a fast and efficient way to determine the structure of proteins, shortening a process that...

  8. Robust, High-Throughput Analysis of Protein Structures

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Scientists have developed a fast and efficient way to determine the structure of proteins, shortening a process that often takes years into a matter of days. The Structurally...

  9. Data mining for structure type prediction

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tibbetts, Kevin (Kevin Joseph)

    2004-01-01

    Determining the stable structure types of an alloy is critical to determining many properties of that material. This can be done through experiment or computation. Both methods can be expensive and time consuming. Computational ...

  10. Temperature determination using pyrometry

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Breiland, William G. (Albuquerque, NM); Gurary, Alexander I. (Bridgewater, NJ); Boguslavskiy, Vadim (Princeton, NJ)

    2002-01-01

    A method for determining the temperature of a surface upon which a coating is grown using optical pyrometry by correcting Kirchhoff's law for errors in the emissivity or reflectance measurements associated with the growth of the coating and subsequent changes in the surface thermal emission and heat transfer characteristics. By a calibration process that can be carried out in situ in the chamber where the coating process occurs, an error calibration parameter can be determined that allows more precise determination of the temperature of the surface using optical pyrometry systems. The calibration process needs only to be carried out when the physical characteristics of the coating chamber change.

  11. NEPA Determination Complete

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    DOE has determined that this proposed project is a major Federal action that may significantly affect the quality of the human environment. To comply with the National Environmental Policy Act ...

  12. Solids mass flow determination

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Macko, Joseph E. (Hempfield Township, Westmoreland County, PA)

    1981-01-01

    Method and apparatus for determining the mass flow rate of solids mixed with a transport fluid to form a flowing mixture. A temperature differential is established between the solids and fluid. The temperature of the transport fluid prior to mixing, the temperature of the solids prior to mixing, and the equilibrium temperature of the mixture are monitored and correlated in a heat balance with the heat capacities of the solids and fluid to determine the solids mass flow rate.

  13. STRUCTURAL ORGANIZATION AND STRUCTURAL INTEGRATION

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hingers, Robert H.

    1976-01-01

    of businesses and marriages, and (2) failure rates of variously structured intentional communities. Both tests support the hypothesis that communal organizations, which permit structural freewheeling, are more stable than formal organizations, which donot....

  14. Experimental determination of Ramsey numbers

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zhengbing Bian; Fabian Chudak; William G. Macready; Lane Clark; Frank Gaitan

    2013-08-14

    Ramsey theory is a highly active research area in mathematics that studies the emergence of order in large disordered structures. Ramsey numbers mark the threshold at which order first appears and are extremely difficult to calculate due to their explosive rate of growth. Recently, an algorithm that can be implemented using adiabatic quantum evolution has been proposed that calculates the two-color Ramsey numbers $R(m,n)$. Here we present results of an experimental implementation of this algorithm and show that it correctly determines the Ramsey numbers R(3,3) and $R(m,2)$ for $4\\leq m\\leq 8$. The R(8,2) computation used 84 qubits of which 28 were computational qubits. This computation is the largest experimental implementation of a scientifically meaningful adiabatic evolution algorithm that has been done to date.

  15. DETERMINING THE FACTOR STRUCTURE OF AN INTEGRATED INNOVATION MODEL

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yanikoglu, Berrin

    Sciences, 34956 Orhanli-Tuzla, Istanbul, Turkey 2 Gebze Institute of Technology, Department of Management to be filled in by the upper managers of manufacturing companies. The questionnaire is designed to assess level managers operating in manufacturing sectors in the Northern Marmara region in Turkey. Because

  16. COMPUTATIONAL METHODS FOR MOLEUCLAR STRUCTURE DETERMINATION: THEORY AND TECHNIQUE

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lester, W.A.

    2010-01-01

    study on the topology of n-butane. While the anti-conforma­were too low for gauche- butane type interactions, so a hardhydrogen and a good gauche-butane energy. Overall, however,

  17. Determining Factors Influencing Nuclear Envelope and Nuclear Pore Complex Structure

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gouni, Sushanth

    2013-02-04

    properties and their effects in gpi1 mutants....?..?.??21 NPC interactions with the Proteasome...............................................................25 Clustering mutant interactions with rpt6................................................................26 Nuclear Transport factors interactions with rpt6...............................................27 GPI anchor pathway interactions with rpt6........................................................29 IV DISCUSSION...

  18. Structure determination of bromotricarbonyl([eta]-cyclopentadienyl)molybdenum(II)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyle, T. J.; Takusagawa, Fusao; Heppert, Joseph A.

    1990-01-01

    [(77-C5Hs)Mo(CO)3Br], Mr = 324-97, monoclinic, P2x/n, a = 8-186(3), b= 10-536(3), c =11-391 (3) A, p = 99-58 (2)°, V= 968-7 (6) A3, Z = 4, Dx = 2-228 g cm- 3 , A(Mo Ka) = 0-71069 A, fi =56-68 cm"1, F(000) = 616, r = 1 1 3 ( l ) K , final R =0...

  19. STRUCTURE DETERMINATION AND DESIGN OF BIOMINERAL-ASSOCIATED PROTEINS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gray, Jeffrey J.

    biomaterials, and provide a deeper understanding of in vivo phase-boundary biophysics. Unfortunately is the primary mineral component of mammalian skeletal and dental tissue). Investigation of this model system

  20. LEED structure determination of the 3R30-Sn surface

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Soares, Edmar Avellar

    in the surface layer of a metal due to spill-over into the vacuum, which gives rise to a contraction

  1. Using Pattern Search Methods for Surface Structure Determination of Nanomaterials

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zhao, Zhengji; Meza, Juan; Van Hove, Michel

    2006-01-01

    Symmetrized Automated Tensor LEED http://www.sitp.lbl.gov/package, (a) Schematic experimental LEED set-up (b) Typical LEED pattern Figure 1: A typical L E E D

  2. COMPUTATIONAL METHODS FOR MOLEUCLAR STRUCTURE DETERMINATION: THEORY AND TECHNIQUE

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lester, W.A.

    2010-01-01

    considering two separate cases, butadiene and benzene. andone longer bond. In butadiene there are two short bondscan be picked to fit butadiene. of linear polyenes increase

  3. Ecological niche structure determines rangewide abundance patterns of species

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Martí nez-Meyer, Enrique; Dí az-Porras, Daniel; Peterson, A. Townsend; Yá ñ ez-Arenas, Carlos

    2012-09-03

    Spatial abundance patterns across species’ ranges have seen intense attention in macroecology and biogeography. One key hypothesis has been that abundance declines with geographic distance from the range center (‘abundant-center ...

  4. Experimental phasing for structure determination using membrane-protein

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of NaturalDukeWakefieldSulfate Reducing(Journal Article) | SciTech(Journal(Patent)pressure|the typEsilicaliner inertialcrystals

  5. Ninebrane structures

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hisham Sati

    2015-01-16

    String structures in degree four are associated with cancellation of anomalies of string theory in ten dimensions. Fivebrane structures in degree eight have recently been shown to be associated with cancellation of anomalies associated to the NS5-brane in string theory as well as the M5-brane in M-theory. We introduce and describe "Ninebrane structures" in degree twelve and demonstrate how they capture some anomaly cancellation phenomena in M-theory. Along the way we also define certain variants, considered as intermediate cases in degree nine and ten, which we call "2-Orientation" and "2-Spin structures", respectively. As in the lower degree cases, we also discuss the natural twists of these structures and characterize the corresponding topological groups associated to each of the structures, which likewise admit refinements to differential cohomology.

  6. Distributed Approaches for Determination of Reconfiguration Algorithm Termination

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lai, Hong-jian

    Distributed Approaches for Determination of Reconfiguration Algorithm Termination Pinak Tulpule architecture was used as globally shared memory structure for detection of algorithm termination. This paper of algorithm termination. Keywords--autonomous agent-based reconfiguration, dis- tributed algorithms, shipboard

  7. Sphericity determination using resonant ultrasound spectroscopy

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Dixon, R.D.; Migliori, A.; Visscher, W.M.

    1994-10-18

    A method is provided for grading production quantities of spherical objects, such as roller balls for bearings. A resonant ultrasound spectrum (RUS) is generated for each spherical object and a set of degenerate sphere-resonance frequencies is identified. From the degenerate sphere-resonance frequencies and known relationships between degenerate sphere-resonance frequencies and Poisson's ratio, a Poisson's ratio can be determined, along with a 'best' spherical diameter, to form spherical parameters for the sphere. From the RUS, fine-structure resonant frequency spectra are identified for each degenerate sphere-resonance frequency previously selected. From each fine-structure spectrum and associated sphere parameter values an asphericity value is determined. The asphericity value can then be compared with predetermined values to provide a measure for accepting or rejecting the sphere. 14 figs.

  8. Crystal structure refinement with SHELXL

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Sheldrick, George M., E-mail: gsheldr@shelx.uni-ac.gwdg.de [Department of Structural Chemistry, Georg-August Universität Göttingen, Tammannstraße 4, Göttingen 37077 (Germany)

    2015-01-01

    New features added to the refinement program SHELXL since 2008 are described and explained. The improvements in the crystal structure refinement program SHELXL have been closely coupled with the development and increasing importance of the CIF (Crystallographic Information Framework) format for validating and archiving crystal structures. An important simplification is that now only one file in CIF format (for convenience, referred to simply as ‘a CIF’) containing embedded reflection data and SHELXL instructions is needed for a complete structure archive; the program SHREDCIF can be used to extract the .hkl and .ins files required for further refinement with SHELXL. Recent developments in SHELXL facilitate refinement against neutron diffraction data, the treatment of H atoms, the determination of absolute structure, the input of partial structure factors and the refinement of twinned and disordered structures. SHELXL is available free to academics for the Windows, Linux and Mac OS X operating systems, and is particularly suitable for multiple-core processors.

  9. On coaxial minors of determinants

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Babcock, Wealthy Consuelo

    1922-01-01

    . Approved by: ROOlOb SlSb^ Contents Page I. Introduction 1 II. Independence of Coaxial Minors of Special Determinants 9 A. Symmetric Determinant 9 B. Skew-symmetric Determinant ...14 C. Circulant 17 D. Hankel's Determinant 19 III... Introduction The work on coaxial minors of a deter­ minant has centered about the problems of deter­ mining the number of independent coaxial minors, of finding independent sets, and of expressing the determinant in terms of the minors of an independent set...

  10. Protein NMR Structures Refined with Rosetta Have Higher Accuracy Relative to Corresponding Xray Crystal Structures

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Baker, David

    refinement of protein NMR structures was also compared with restrained CS-Rosetta calculations. For proteins spectroscopy (NMR). While X-ray crystal structures are derived from electron density data and are often dynamics and has the advantage of not requiring crystallization. Solution NMR structure determination

  11. Structural Health Monitoring

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Current Collaborations Past Collaborations NSEC Engineering Institute Structural Health Monitoring Engineering Institute Structural Health Monitoring- Test Structures &...

  12. The Three-Dimensional Structural Basis of Type II Hyperprolinemia...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    crystal structure of HsP5CDH was determined using experimental phasing. Structures of the mutant enzymes S352A (2.4 angstrom) and S352L (2.85 angstrom) were...

  13. Determining the neutrino mass hierarchy

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Parke, Stephen J.; /Fermilab

    2006-07-01

    In this proceedings I review the physics that future experiments will use to determine the neutrino mass hierarchy.

  14. Outsourcing the Design of Structural Building Components

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Swearingin, Adam V.

    2008-05-16

    . This project contains an examination of the tasks associated with the design of structural building components. These tasks are evaluated to determine the feasibility of outsourcing any or all “core competencies” to a consultant which employs design...

  15. Structural optimization of 3D masonry buildings

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Whiting, Emily

    In the design of buildings, structural analysis is traditionally performed after the aesthetic design has been determined and has little influence on the overall form. In contrast, this paper presents an approach to guide ...

  16. Terminal structure

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Schmidt, Frank (Langenhagen, DE); Allais, Arnaud (Hannover, DE); Mirebeau, Pierre (Villebon sur Yvette, FR); Ganhungu, Francois (Vieux-Reng, FR); Lallouet, Nicolas (Saint Martin Boulogne, FR)

    2009-10-20

    A terminal structure (2) for a superconducting cable (1) is described. It consists of a conductor (2a) and an insulator (2b) that surrounds the conductor (2a), wherein the superconducting cable (1) has a core with a superconducting conductor (5) and a layer of insulation that surrounds the conductor (5), and wherein the core is arranged in such a way that it can move longitudinally in a cryostat. The conductor (2a) of the terminal structure (2) is electrically connected with the superconducting conductor (5) or with a normal conductor (6) that is connected with the superconducting conductor (5) by means of a tubular part (7) made of an electrically conductive material, wherein the superconducting conductor (5) or the normal conductor (6) can slide in the part (7) in the direction of the superconductor.

  17. Superconducting structure

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Kwon, Chuhee (Los Alamos, NM); Jia, Quanxi (Los Alamos, NM); Foltyn, Stephen R. (Los Alamos, NM)

    2003-04-01

    A superconductive structure including a dielectric oxide substrate, a thin buffer layer of a superconducting material thereon; and, a layer of a rare earth-barium-copper oxide superconducting film thereon the thin layer of yttrium-barium-copper oxide, the rare earth selected from the group consisting of samarium, gadolinium, ytterbium, erbium, neodymium, dysprosium, holmium, lutetium, a combination of more than one element from the rare earth group and a combination of one or more elements from the rare earth group with yttrium, the buffer layer of superconducting material characterized as having chemical and structural compatibility with the dielectric oxide substrate and the rare earth-barium-copper oxide superconducting film is provided.

  18. Superconducting Structure

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Kwon, Chuhee (Los Alamos, NM); Jia, Quanxi (Los Alamos, NM); Foltyn, Stephen R. (Los Alamos, NM)

    2005-09-13

    A superconductive structure including a dielectric oxide substrate, a thin buffer layer of a superconducting material thereon; and, a layer of a rare earth-barium-copper oxide superconducting film thereon the thin layer of yttrium-barium-copper oxide, the rare earth selected from the group consisting of samarium, gadolinium, ytterbium, erbium, neodymium, dysprosium, holmium, lutetium, a combination of more than one element from the rare earth group and a combination of one or more elements from the rare earth group with yttrium, the buffer layer of superconducting material characterized as having chemical and structural compatibility with the dielectric oxide substrate and the rare earth-barium-copper oxide superconducting film is provided.

  19. Atom structures of relation algebras Ian Hodkinson \\Lambda

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hodkinson, Ian

    Atom structures of relation algebras Ian Hodkinson \\Lambda October 24, 1995 Abstract We study atom structures of relation algebras. We prove that the class of atom structures that arise from representable is not determined by its atom structure, by exhibiting two (countable) relation algebras with the same atom

  20. Application of expert networks for predicting proteins secondary structure

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Siegelmann , Hava T

    of proteins secondary structure. We use three independent networks, one for each structure (alpha, beta to be an alternative to the determination of secondary structure by means of free energy minimization, integration of secondary structures (alpha-helix, beta- sheet, and coil) (Nishikawa, 1983; Kabsch and Sander, 1983a

  1. Experimental Study of Nucleon Structure and QCD

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Jian-Ping Chen

    2012-03-01

    Overview of Experimental Study of Nucleon Structure and QCD, with focus on the spin structure. Nucleon (spin) Structure provides valuable information on QCD dynamics. A decade of experiments from JLab yields these exciting results: (1) valence spin structure, duality; (2) spin sum rules and polarizabilities; (3) precision measurements of g{sub 2} - high-twist; and (4) first neutron transverse spin results - Collins/Sivers/A{sub LT}. There is a bright future as the 12 GeV Upgrade will greatly enhance our capability: (1) Precision determination of the valence quark spin structure flavor separation; and (2) Precision extraction of transversity/tensor charge/TMDs.

  2. Airfoil structure

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Frey, G.A.; Twardochleb, C.Z.

    1998-01-13

    Past airfoil configurations have been used to improve aerodynamic performance and engine efficiencies. The present airfoil configuration further increases component life and reduces maintenance by reducing internal stress within the airfoil itself. The airfoil includes a chord and a span. Each of the chord and the span has a bow being summed to form a generally ``C`` configuration of the airfoil. The generally ``C`` configuration includes a compound bow in which internal stresses resulting from a thermal temperature gradient are reduced. The structural configuration reduces internal stresses resulting from thermal expansion. 6 figs.

  3. Airfoil structure

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Frey, Gary A. (Poway, CA); Twardochleb, Christopher Z. (Alpine, CA)

    1998-01-01

    Past airfoil configurations have been used to improve aerodynamic performance and engine efficiencies. The present airfoil configuration further increases component life and reduces maintenance by reducing internal stress within the airfoil itself. The airfoil includes a chord and a span. Each of the chord and the span has a bow being summed to form a generally "C" configuration of the airfoil. The generally "C" configuration includes a compound bow in which internal stresses resulting from a thermal temperature gradient are reduced. The structural configuration reduces internal stresses resulting from thermal expansion.

  4. Structured Finance

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity ofkandz-cm11 Outreach Home RoomPreservation ofAlbuquerque|SensitiveAprilPhotonStructure of DNA-BoundFinance

  5. First JAM results on the determination of polarized parton distributions

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Jimenez-Delgado, Pedro

    2013-04-01

    The Jefferson Lab Angular Momentum (JAM) collaboration is a new initiative aimed to the study of the angular-momentum-dependent structure of the nucleon. First results on the determination of spin-dependent parton distribution functions from world data on polarized deep-inelastic scattering will be presented and compared with previous determinations from other groups. Different aspects of global QCD analysis will be discussed, including effects due to nuclear structure, higher twist, and target-mass corrections, as well as the impact of different data selections.

  6. Electronic Structure Methods for Predicting the Properties Materials: Grids in Space

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stathopoulos, Andreas

    Electronic Structure Methods for Predicting the Properties Materials: Grids in Space James and glasses small atomic clusters. Many materials properties be predicted accurate solution electronic structure system interest exists. For example, structural properties a material determined the total

  7. Polarized DIS Structure Functions from Neural Networks

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Del Debbio, L.; Guffanti, A. [School of Physics, University of Edinburgh, Edinburgh (United Kingdom); Piccione, A. [Universita degli Studi di Torino, Torino (Italy); INFN Torino, Torino (Italy)

    2007-06-13

    We present a parametrization of polarized Deep-Inelastic-Scattering (DIS) structure functions based on Neural Networks. The parametrization provides a bias-free determination of the probability measure in the space of structure functions, which retains information on experimental errors and correlations. As an example we discuss the application of this method to the study of the structure function g{sub 1}{sup p}(x,Q{sup 2})

  8. CX-010689: Categorical Exclusion Determination

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Generic CX Determination for Financial Assistance Awards CX(s) Applied: Unknown Date: 07/17/2013 Location(s): Illinois Offices(s): Chicago Office

  9. CX-012200: Categorical Exclusion Determination

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Determination of Excess Real Property CX(s) Applied: B1.36 Date: 05/01/2014 Location(s): Colorado Offices(s): Legacy Management

  10. GEET DUGGAL Algorithms for Determining

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Relationship to Gene Regulation Final Public Oral Examination Doctor of Philosophy Recent genome sequencing. Analyses from them have shown that the 3D structure of DNA may be closely linked to genome functions structure of DNA and genome function on the scale of the whole genome. Specifically, we designed algorithms

  11. CX-001049: Categorical Exclusion Determination

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Replacing 11 Wood Pole Structures on the Midway ? Grandview Transmission Line and 12 Wood Pole Structures on the Grandview ? Red Mountain Transmission LineCX(s) Applied: B1.3Date: 01/27/2010Location(s): Yakama County, WashingtonOffice(s): Bonneville Power Administration

  12. First JAM results on the determination of polarized parton distributions

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Accardi, Alberto; Jimenez-Delgado, Pedro; Melnitchouk, Wally

    2014-01-01

    The Jefferson Lab Angular Momentum (JAM) Collaboration is a new initiative to study the angular momentum dependent structure of the nucleon. First results on the determination of spin-dependent parton distribution functions at intermediate and large x from world data on polarized deep-inelastic scattering are presented. Different aspects of global QCD analysis are discussed, including the effects of nuclear structure of deuterium and {sup 3}He targets, target mass corrections and higher twist contributions to the g{sub 1} and g{sub 2} structure functions.

  13. Stormwater Control Structures

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Stormwater Control Structures Stormwater Control Structures Stormwater control structures are engineered to control run-on and runoff water from suspected contaminated sites....

  14. Structural Health Monitoring

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Structural Health Monitoring Engineering Institute Structural Health Monitoring Structural Health Monitoring is the process of implementing a damage detection strategy for...

  15. Determining risks for hazardous material operations

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Cournoyer, M. E.; Dare, J. H.

    2002-01-01

    Integrated Safety Management (ISM) is structured to manage and control work at the activity level. Fundamental to ISM is that all work will be performed safely while meeting the applicable institutional-, facility-, and activity-level expectations. High and medium initial risk activities require certain levels of independent peer and/or Environmental, Health & Safety subject matter expert reviews prior to authorization. A key responsibility of line management and chemical workers is to assign initial risk adequately, so that the proper reviews are obtained. Thus, the effectiveness of an ISM system is largely dependent upon the adequacy and accuracy of this initial risk determination. In the following presentation, a Risk Determination Model (RDM) is presented for physical, health and ecological hazards associated with materials. Magnitude of exposure (Le., dose or concentration), frequency, duration, and quantity are the four factors most difficult to capture in a research and development setting. They are factored into the determination, as a function of the quantity of material. Quantity and magnitude of exposure components are simplified by using boundary criteria. This RDM will promote conformity and consistency in the assignment of risk to hazardous material activities. In conclusion, the risk assessors (line manager and chemical worker) should be capable of more accurately assessing the risk of exposure to a specific chemical with regard to the employee, public, and the environment.

  16. Determination

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantityBonneville Power Administration would like submit theCovalent BondingMeeting |Design CompetitionsFuelof

  17. Determination

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    M. M. Beheary, and K. M. Abdel-Moneim, "Effect of dust on the Transpar- ent Cover of Solar Collectors," Energy Conversion and Management, vol. 47, no. 18-19, pp. 3192-3203,...

  18. Method of determining glass durability

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Jantzen, C.M.; Pickett, J.B.; Brown, K.G.; Edwards, T.B.

    1998-12-08

    A process is described for determining one or more leachate concentrations of one or more components of a glass composition in an aqueous solution of the glass composition by identifying the components of the glass composition, including associated oxides, determining a preliminary glass dissolution estimator, {Delta}G{sub p}, based upon the free energies of hydration for the component reactant species, determining an accelerated glass dissolution function, {Delta}G{sub a}, based upon the free energy associated with weak acid dissociation, {Delta}G{sub a}{sup WA}, and accelerated matrix dissolution at high pH, {Delta}G{sub a}{sup SB} associated with solution strong base formation, and determining a final hydration free energy, {Delta}G{sub f}. This final hydration free energy is then used to determine leachate concentrations for elements of interest using a regression analysis and the formula log{sub 10}(N C{sub i}(g/L))=a{sub i} + b{sub i}{Delta}G{sub f}. The present invention also includes a method to determine whether a particular glass to be produced will be homogeneous or phase separated. The present invention is also directed to methods of monitoring and controlling processes for making glass using these determinations to modify the feedstock materials until a desired glass durability and homogeneity is obtained. 4 figs.

  19. Method of determining glass durability

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Jantzen, Carol Maryanne (Aiken, SC); Pickett, John Butler (Aiken, SC); Brown, Kevin George (Augusta, GA); Edwards, Thomas Barry (Aiken, SC)

    1998-01-01

    A process for determining one or more leachate concentrations of one or more components of a glass composition in an aqueous solution of the glass composition by identifying the components of the glass composition, including associated oxides, determining a preliminary glass dissolution estimator, .DELTA.G.sub.p, based upon the free energies of hydration for the component reactant species, determining an accelerated glass dissolution function, .DELTA.G.sub.a, based upon the free energy associated with weak acid dissociation, .DELTA.G.sub.a.sup.WA, and accelerated matrix dissolution at high pH, .DELTA.G.sub.a.sup.SB associated with solution strong base formation, and determining a final hydration free energy, .DELTA.G.sub.f. This final hydration free energy is then used to determine leachate concentrations for elements of interest using a regression analysis and the formula log.sub.10 (N C.sub.i (g/L))=a.sub.i +b.sub.i .DELTA.G.sub.f. The present invention also includes a method to determine whether a particular glass to be produced will be homogeneous or phase separated. The present invention is also directed to methods of monitoring and controlling processes for making glass using these determinations to modify the feedstock materials until a desired glass durability and homogeneity is obtained.

  20. Determination of Atomic Data Pertinent to the Fusion Energy Program

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Reader, J.

    2013-06-11

    We summarize progress that has been made on the determination of atomic data pertinent to the fusion energy program. Work is reported on the identification of spectral lines of impurity ions, spectroscopic data assessment and compilations, expansion and upgrade of the NIST atomic databases, collision and spectroscopy experiments with highly charged ions on EBIT, and atomic structure calculations and modeling of plasma spectra.

  1. Automated MAD and MIR structure solution

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Terwilliger, Thomas C., E-mail: terwilliger@lanl.gov [Structural Biology Group, Mail Stop M888, Los Alamos National Laboratory, Los Alamos, NM 87545 (United States); Berendzen, Joel [Biophysics Group, Mail Stop D454, Los Alamos National Laboratory, Los Alamos, NM 87545 (United States); Structural Biology Group, Mail Stop M888, Los Alamos National Laboratory, Los Alamos, NM 87545 (United States)

    1999-04-01

    A fully automated procedure for solving MIR and MAD structures has been developed using a scoring scheme to convert the structure-solution process into an optimization problem. Obtaining an electron-density map from X-ray diffraction data can be difficult and time-consuming even after the data have been collected, largely because MIR and MAD structure determinations currently require many subjective evaluations of the qualities of trial heavy-atom partial structures before a correct heavy-atom solution is obtained. A set of criteria for evaluating the quality of heavy-atom partial solutions in macromolecular crystallography have been developed. These have allowed the conversion of the crystal structure-solution process into an optimization problem and have allowed its automation. The SOLVE software has been used to solve MAD data sets with as many as 52 selenium sites in the asymmetric unit. The automated structure-solution process developed is a major step towards the fully automated structure-determination, model-building and refinement procedure which is needed for genomic scale structure determinations.

  2. Structural Code Considerations for Solar Rooftop Installations.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Dwyer, Stephen F.; Dwyer, Brian P.; Sanchez, Alfred

    2014-12-01

    Residential rooftop solar panel installations are limited in part by the high cost of structural related code requirements for field installation. Permitting solar installations is difficult because there is a belief among residential permitting authorities that typical residential rooftops may be structurally inadequate to support the additional load associated with a photovoltaic (PV) solar installation. Typical engineering methods utilized to calculate stresses on a roof structure involve simplifying assumptions that render a complex non-linear structure to a basic determinate beam. This method of analysis neglects the composite action of the entire roof structure, yielding a conservative analysis based on a rafter or top chord of a truss. Consequently, the analysis can result in an overly conservative structural analysis. A literature review was conducted to gain a better understanding of the conservative nature of the regulations and codes governing residential construction and the associated structural system calculations.

  3. Vacuum Structure and Potential

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    J. X. Zheng-Johansson

    2007-04-02

    Based on overall experimental observations, especially the pair processes, I developed a model structure of the vacuum along with a basic-particle formation scheme begun in 2000 (with collaborator P-I Johansson). The model consists in that the vacuum is, briefly, filled of neutral but polarizable vacuuons, consisting each of a p-vaculeon and n- vaculeon of charges $+e$ and $-e$ of zero rest masses but with spin motions, assumed interacting each other with a Coulomb force. The model has been introduced in full in a book (Nova Sci, 2005) and referred to in a number of journal/E-print papers. I outline in this easier accessible paper the detailed derivation of the model and a corresponding quantitative determination of the vacuuon size.

  4. Kinematics Algorithms for Tensegrity Structures

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Burt, Steven James

    2013-01-01

    Structure . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .Journal of Space Structures, 18(4):209–223, 2003. [27] Hoangfinding of tensegrity structures. Computers and Structures,

  5. Structural Health Monitoring

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Current Collaborations Past Collaborations NSEC Engineering Institute Structural Health Monitoring Engineering Institute Structural Health Monitoring- Statistical Pattern...

  6. Structural Health Monitoring

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Current Collaborations Past Collaborations NSEC Engineering Institute Structural Health Monitoring Engineering Institute Structural Health Monitoring- Methodology Contact...

  7. CX-003595: Categorical Exclusion Determination

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Recovery Act: Detailed Structural Exploration - Crump Geyser, OregonCX(s) Applied: A9, B3.1Date: 08/27/2010Location(s): Crump Geyser, NevadaOffice(s): Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy, Golden Field Office

  8. CX-008863: Categorical Exclusion Determination

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Dredging of the West Hackberry Raw Water Intake Structure CX(s) Applied: B1.3 Date: 08/14/2012 Location(s): Louisiana Offices(s): Strategic Petroleum Reserve Field Office

  9. CX-005581: Categorical Exclusion Determination

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Quark Gluon Structure of Hadrons in Quantum ChromodynamicsCX(s) Applied: A9Date: 04/07/2011Location(s): IllinoisOffice(s): Science, Chicago Office

  10. CX-008381: Categorical Exclusion Determination

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Big Thompson to Flatiron 13.8 Kilovolt Transmission Line Structure Replacement CX(s) Applied: B1.3 Date: 05/09/2012 Location(s): Colorado Offices(s): Western Area Power Administration-Rocky Mountain Region

  11. CX-005580: Categorical Exclusion Determination

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Sidney to Sterling Transmission Line Structure Replacement, Logan County, ColoradoCX(s) Applied: B4.6Date: 12/22/2010Location(s): Logan County, ColoradoOffice(s): Western Area Power Administration-Rocky Mountain Region

  12. CX-007142: Categorical Exclusion Determination

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Electrical District 5 - Saguaro Structure MaintenanceCX(s) Applied: B1.3Date: 02/09/2011Location(s): Pinal County, ArizonaOffice(s): Western Area Power Administration-Desert Southwest Region

  13. CX-011852: Categorical Exclusion Determination

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Blythe-Knob 161 Kilovolt Transmission Line, Structure Maintenance Project CX(s) Applied: B1.3 Date: 01/21/2014 Location(s): California, California Offices(s): Western Area Power Administration-Desert Southwest Region

  14. CX-008334: Categorical Exclusion Determination

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Validation of Material Models for Automotive Carbon-Fiber Composite Structures CX(s) Applied: A9 Date: 04/05/2012 Location(s): Michigan Offices(s): National Energy Technology Laboratory

  15. CX-008331: Categorical Exclusion Determination

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Validation of Material Models for Automotive Carbon-Fiber Composite Structures CX(s) Applied: B3.6 Date: 04/05/2012 Location(s): Michigan Offices(s): National Energy Technology Laboratory

  16. CX-006088: Categorical Exclusion Determination

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Siting, Construction and Operation of Support Buildings and Support StructuresCX(s) Applied: B1.15Date: 06/21/2011Location(s): Richland, WashingtonOffice(s): Office of River Protection-Richland Office

  17. CX-011588: Categorical Exclusion Determination

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)

    Doubling The Life of Concrete Structures CX(s) Applied: B3.6 Date: 11/04/2013 Location(s): Idaho Offices(s): Idaho Operations Office

  18. CX-012744: Categorical Exclusion Determination

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Prescott Peacock Transmission Line- Insulator Repair at 3 Structures CX(s) Applied: B1.3Date: 41851 Location(s): ArizonaOffices(s): Western Area Power Administration-Desert Southwest Region

  19. CX-007168: Categorical Exclusion Determination

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Rodgers-Cooolidge Structure MaintenanceCX(s) Applied: B1.3Date: 08/26/2011Location(s): Pinal County, ArizonaOffice(s): Western Area Power Administration-Desert Southwest Region

  20. CX-009801: Categorical Exclusion Determination

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Copper Mountain to Boysen 34.5 Kilovolt Transmission Line Structure Replacement CX(s) Applied: B1.3 Date: 01/11/2013 Location(s): Wyoming Offices(s): Western Area Power Administration-Rocky Mountain Region

  1. CX-012342: Categorical Exclusion Determination

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Liberty Parker #2 Transmission Line - Erosion Repair at Structure 53/1 CX(s) Applied: B4.6 Date: 06/09/2014 Location(s): Arizona Offices(s): Western Area Power Administration-Desert Southwest Region

  2. CX-004898: Categorical Exclusion Determination

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Gila-Wellton-Mohawk (Structure Maintenance)CX(s) Applied: B1.3Date: 11/05/2010Location(s): Yuma County, ArizonaOffice(s): Western Area Power Administration-Desert Southwest Region

  3. CX-002644: Categorical Exclusion Determination

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Photoactive, Organic-Inorganic Hybrid Porous Structures for Photocatalytic Carbon Dioxide ReductionCX(s) Applied: B3.6Date: 06/04/2010Location(s): Morgantown, West VirginiaOffice(s): Fossil Energy, National Energy Technology Laboratory

  4. CX-012734: Categorical Exclusion Determination

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Bouse Hills Pumping Plant to Harcuvar 115 Kilovolt Transmission Line, Inset Structure Installation CX(s) Applied: B4.6Date: 41878 Location(s): ArizonaOffices(s): Western Area Power Administration-Desert Southwest Region

  5. CX-006521: Categorical Exclusion Determination

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Solid Oxide Fuel Cells Cathodes: Unraveling the Relationship Between Structure and Surface ChemistryCX(s) Applied: B3.6Date: 08/23/2011Location(s): Boston, MassachusettsOffice(s): Fossil Energy, National Energy Technology Laboratory

  6. CX-012674: Categorical Exclusion Determination

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Selective ligands for uranyl via combinatorial peptoid libraries: A synthetic, structural, thermodynamic and computational study – University of California Berkeley CX(s) Applied: B3.6Date: 41870 Location(s): CaliforniaOffices(s): Nuclear Energy

  7. CX-008640: Categorical Exclusion Determination

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Construction of a Metal Carport Structure CX(s) Applied: B1.15 Date: 05/29/2012 Location(s): South Carolina Offices(s): Savannah River Operations Office

  8. CX-011589: Categorical Exclusion Determination

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Risk Assessment of Structural Integrity of Transportation Casks CX(s) Applied: B3.6 Date: 11/04/2013 Location(s): Utah Offices(s): Idaho Operations Office

  9. CX-008862: Categorical Exclusion Determination

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Variable Frequency Drivers for Raw Water Intake Structure Pumps Government Furnished Equipment CX(s) Applied: B1.3 Date: 08/16/2012 Location(s): Texas, Texas, Louisiana Offices(s): Strategic Petroleum Reserve Field Office

  10. CX-011200: Categorical Exclusion Determination

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Blast and Paint West Hackberry Meter Skid, Prover Piping and Structure CX(s) Applied: B1.3 Date: 09/09/2013 Location(s): Louisiana Offices(s): Strategic Petroleum Reserve Field Office

  11. CX-012092: Categorical Exclusion Determination

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Tucson-Apache 115-Kilovolt Transmission Line Structure Stabilization Project CX(s) Applied: B1.3 Date: 09/06/2013 Location(s): Arizona, Arizona Offices(s): Western Area Power Administration-Desert Southwest Region

  12. Categorical Exclusion (CX) Determinations By Date | Department...

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    (CX) Determinations By Date Categorical Exclusion (CX) Determinations By Date August 25, 2015 CX-012469: Categorical Exclusion Determination Gas Analysis Services CX(s) Applied:...

  13. CX-004264: Categorical Exclusion Determination

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Phase II, Determination of Uranium in GroundwaterCX(s) Applied: B3.8Date: 09/27/2010Location(s): Richland, WashingtonOffice(s): Environmental Management, Office of River Protection-Richland Office

  14. CX-008905: Categorical Exclusion Determination

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Optimizing Accuracy of Determinations of Carbon Dioxide Storage Capacity and Permanence CX(s) Applied: A1, A9, B3.6 Date: 08/29/2012 Location(s): Wyoming Offices(s): National Energy Technology Laboratory

  15. CX-012121: Categorical Exclusion Determination

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)

    Notice of Preliminary Determination of Energy Savings for ANSI/ASHRAE/IES Standard 90.1-2013 CX(s) Applied: A6 Date: 04/25/2014 Location(s): CX: none Offices(s): Golden Field Office

  16. National Mining Association Experimental Determination

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    National Mining Association Experimental Determination of Radon Fluxes over Water #12;Introduction research funded by the National Mining Association (NMA) regarding radon fluxes from water surfaces surfaces at uranium recovery operations are insignificant and approximate background soil fluxes for most

  17. Cotton Gin Dust Explosibility Determinations 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Vanderlick, Francis Jerome

    2014-01-06

    the dust for explosibility based on the American Society for Testing and Materials (ASTM) E 1226 to ensure proper regulation of facilities. Dusts found in cotton gins were tested to determine if they are explosible. Safety Consulting Engineers Inc. (SCE...

  18. CX-010776: Categorical Exclusion Determination

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Advanced Test Reactor (ATR) Primary Coolant Leak Rate Determination System Equipment Replacement CX(s) Applied: B2.2 Date: 07/24/2013 Location(s): Idaho Offices(s): Nuclear Energy

  19. Gender determination of avian embryo

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Daum, Keith A. (Idaho Falls, ID); Atkinson, David A. (Idaho Falls, ID)

    2002-01-01

    Disclosed is a method for gender determination of avian embryos. During the embryo incubation process, the outer hard shells of eggs are drilled and samples of allantoic fluid are removed. The allantoic fluids are directly introduced into an ion mobility spectrometer (IMS) for analysis. The resulting spectra contain the relevant marker peaks in the positive or negative mode which correlate with unique mobilities which are sex-specific. This way, the gender of the embryo can be determined.

  20. Determining Cropland Cash Rental Arrangements 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dhuyvetter, Kevin C.; Kastens, Terry L.; Outlaw, Joe

    1999-06-23

    arrangements, using a crop share approach to determine a cash rental rate is practical. This approach determines the cash equivalent amount of an equitable crop share arrangement and then often makes a risk adjustment to that value. The reason for making... proportionally (increase of approxi- mately 10 percent in all regions). This normal- ization of returns is also consistent with the gen- eral assumption that average profits equal zero in the long run. Equitable crop share arrangements were cal- culated...

  1. STRUCTURE-SOIL-STRUCTURE INTERACTION AT SRS | Department of Energy

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    INTERACTION AT SRS Structure-Soil-Structure Interaction at SRS Structural Mechanics - SRS October 25, 2011 Structure-Soil-Structure Interaction at SRS More Documents &...

  2. Emissivity corrected infrared method for imaging anomalous structural heat flows

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Del Grande, Nancy K. (San Leandro, CA); Durbin, Philip F. (Livermore, CA); Dolan, Kenneth W. (Livermore, CA); Perkins, Dwight E. (Livermore, CA)

    1995-01-01

    A method for detecting flaws in structures using dual band infrared radiation. Heat is applied to the structure being evaluated. The structure is scanned for two different wavelengths and data obtained in the form of images. Images are used to remove clutter to form a corrected image. The existence and nature of a flaw is determined by investigating a variety of features.

  3. Modeling and Optimal Design of Di ractive Optical Structures

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dobson, David C.

    Modeling and Optimal Design of Di ractive Optical Structures Gang Bao Department of Mathematics be designed to perform functions unattainable with traditionaloptical elements. For example, structures and for the determination of optimal" device designs. In contrast to the case of traditional optical structures, geometrical

  4. CX-006210: Categorical Exclusion Determination | Department of...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Determination CX-006210: Categorical Exclusion Determination Missouri Independent Energy Efficiency Program: Bodine Aluminum Incorporated - Thermal Oxidizer Replacement...

  5. CX-007851: Categorical Exclusion Determination | Department of...

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    007851: Categorical Exclusion Determination CX-007851: Categorical Exclusion Determination Notice of Proposed Rulemaking (NOPR) for Energy Conservation Standards for Commercial...

  6. CX-006442: Categorical Exclusion Determination | Department of...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    442: Categorical Exclusion Determination CX-006442: Categorical Exclusion Determination Research Support Facility II, Cafeteria; National Renewable Energy Laboratory Tracking No....

  7. CX-004730: Categorical Exclusion Determination | Department of...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    30: Categorical Exclusion Determination CX-004730: Categorical Exclusion Determination Oklahoma State Energy Program American Recovery and Reinvestment Act - Oklahoma Municipal...

  8. CX-000623: Categorical Exclusion Determination | Department of...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    623: Categorical Exclusion Determination CX-000623: Categorical Exclusion Determination Kentucky Energy Efficiency and Conservation Block Grants Small Cities and Counties...

  9. CX-005963: Categorical Exclusion Determination | Department of...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    63: Categorical Exclusion Determination CX-005963: Categorical Exclusion Determination Missouri - Independent Energy Efficiency Program: Mallinckrodt - Plant-Wide Chiller System...

  10. CX-100363 Categorical Exclusion Determination | Department of...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Exclusion Determination CX-100363 Categorical Exclusion Determination Marine Algae Industrialization Consortium (MAGIC): Combining biofuel and high-value bioproducts to...

  11. Determine Institutional Change Sustainability Goals | Department...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Institutional Change Determine Institutional Change Sustainability Goals Determine Institutional Change Sustainability Goals Institutional Change Continuous Improvement Cycle...

  12. CX-100144 Categorical Exclusion Determination | Department of...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Exclusion Determination CX-100144 Categorical Exclusion Determination Solar and Distributed Generation as Key Elements in Meeting Vermont's Comprehensive Energy Plan...

  13. Chap. II : Les structures

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Poinsot, Laurent

    Chap. II : Les objets structur´es Laurent Poinsot Chap. II : Les objets structur´es Laurent Poinsot 12 f´evrier 2009 #12;Chap. II : Les objets structur´es Laurent Poinsot Les objets structur´es Pour de types "structur´es". #12;Chap. II : Les objets structur´es Laurent Poinsot Les objets structur´es

  14. Determination of leakage areas in nuclear piping

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Keim, E.

    1997-04-01

    For the design and operation of nuclear power plants the Leak-Before-Break (LBB) behavior of a piping component has to be shown. This means that the length of a crack resulting in a leak is smaller than the critical crack length and that the leak is safely detectable by a suitable monitoring system. The LBB-concept of Siemens/KWU is based on computer codes for the evaluation of critical crack lengths, crack openings, leakage areas and leakage rates, developed by Siemens/KWU. In the experience with the leak rate program is described while this paper deals with the computation of crack openings and leakage areas of longitudinal and circumferential cracks by means of fracture mechanics. The leakage areas are determined by the integration of the crack openings along the crack front, considering plasticity and geometrical effects. They are evaluated with respect to minimum values for the design of leak detection systems, and maximum values for controlling jet and reaction forces. By means of fracture mechanics LBB for subcritical cracks has to be shown and the calculation of leakage areas is the basis for quantitatively determining the discharge rate of leaking subcritical through-wall cracks. The analytical approach and its validation will be presented for two examples of complex structures. The first one is a pipe branch containing a circumferential crack and the second one is a pipe bend with a longitudinal crack.

  15. Decoherence, determinism and chaos revisited

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Noyes, H.P.

    1994-11-15

    We suggest that the derivation of the free space Maxwell Equations for classical electromagnetism, using a discrete ordered calculus developed by L.H. Kauffman and T. Etter, necessarily pushes the discussion of determinism in natural science down to the level of relativistic quantum mechanics and hence renders the mathematical phenomena studied in deterministic chaos research irrelevant to the question of whether the world investigated by physics is deterministic. We believe that this argument reinforces Suppes` contention that the issue of determinism versus indeterminism should be viewed as a Kantian antinomy incapable of investigation using currently available scientific tools.

  16. CX-012214: Categorical Exclusion Determination

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)

    Copper Mountain-Pilot Butte 34.5 Kilovolt Transmission Line Structure Pole Replacement Project, Fremont County, Wyoming CX(s) Applied: B1.3 Date: 05/05/2014 Location(s): Wyoming Offices(s): Western Area Power Administration-Rocky Mountain Region

  17. CX-005936: Categorical Exclusion Determination

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Erie to Terry Street and Lyons to Longmont Northwest 115 Kilovolt Transmission Line Structure Replacements, Boulder and Broomfield Counties, ColoradoCX(s) Applied: B4.6Date: 05/16/2011Location(s): Boulder County, ColoradoOffice(s): Western Area Power Administration-Rocky Mountain Region

  18. CX-006199: Categorical Exclusion Determination

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Crump Geyser - High Precision Geophysics and Detailed Structural Exploration and Slim Well DrillingCX(s) Applied: A9, B3.1, B3.7Date: 06/15/2011Location(s): OregonOffice(s): Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy, Golden Field Office

  19. CX-010846: Categorical Exclusion Determination

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Install Stud, Shims, and Nut in the L-Basin 70-Ton Cask Lid Support Structure CX(s) Applied: B2.5 Date: 07/30/2013 Location(s): South Carolina Offices(s): Savannah River Operations Office

  20. CX-008398: Categorical Exclusion Determination

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Erosion Control Measures Structure No. 20-1 East Morrill Tap to Lyman 34.5 Kilovolt Transmission Line, Scotts Bluff County, Nebraska CX(s) Applied: B1.3 Date: 03/29/2012 Location(s): Nebraska Offices(s): Western Area Power Administration-Rocky Mountain Region

  1. CX-003021: Categorical Exclusion Determination

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)

    Structure Replacements and Reconductor Black Hollow to Ault Transmission Line, Weld County, ColoradoCX(s) Applied: B4.6Date: 06/01/2010Location(s): Weld County, ColoradoOffice(s): Western Area Power Administration-Rocky Mountain Region

  2. CX-001423: Categorical Exclusion Determination

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Application of a New Structural Model and Exploration Technologies to Define a Blind Geothermal System: An Alternative to Grid-Drilling for Geothermal Exploration, McCoy, Churchill County, NevadaCX(s) Applied: B3.1, A9Date: 03/29/2010Location(s): McCoy, NevadaOffice(s): Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy, Golden Field Office

  3. CX-010159: Categorical Exclusion Determination

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Install Rip Rap Along Stream Bank at Two Wood Pole Structures Located Along the Bell-Boundary No. 3 Transmission Line CX(s) Applied: B1.3 Date: 03/25/2013 Location(s): Washington Offices(s): Bonneville Power Administration

  4. CX-009530: Categorical Exclusion Determination

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Artesia-Rangely Tap of the Hayden-Vernal 138 Kilovolt Transmission Line Bank Stabilization on Structure 20/2 CX(s) Applied: B1.3 Date: 10/29/2012 Location(s): Colorado Offices(s): Western Area Power Administration-Rocky Mountain Region

  5. CX-011548: Categorical Exclusion Determination

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)

    Lower Length Scale Characterization and Validation of Formation and Stability of Helium Bubbles in Nano-structured Ferritic Alloys under Irradiation CX(s) Applied: B3.6 Date: 11/26/2013 Location(s): South Carolina Offices(s): Idaho Operations Office

  6. CX-011700: Categorical Exclusion Determination

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Optimal Power Buoy Structure Design for Maximized Power to Weight Ratio and Reduced Installed Capital Cost CX(s) Applied: A9, B3.6 Date: 01/15/2014 Location(s): New Jersey, New Jersey Offices(s): Golden Field Office

  7. CX-003713: Categorical Exclusion Determination

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Validation of Coupled Models and Optimization of Materials for Offshore Wind StructuresCX(s) Applied: A9, B3.1, B3.3, B3.6Date: 09/09/2010Location(s): MaineOffice(s): Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy, Golden Field Office

  8. CX-011858: Categorical Exclusion Determination

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Beaver Creek-Sterling 115 Kilovolt Transmission Line Structure Relocation, Morgan County, Colorado CX(s) Applied: B4.13 Date: 01/21/2014 Location(s): Colorado Offices(s): Western Area Power Administration-Rocky Mountain Region

  9. CX-004456: Categorical Exclusion Determination

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Boysen-Copper Mountain Structure 98/1 Replacement Project, Fremont County, WyomingCX(s) Applied: B1.3, B4.6Date: 11/10/2010Location(s): Fremont County, WyomingOffice(s): Western Area Power Administration-Rocky Mountain Region

  10. CX-010410: Categorical Exclusion Determination

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Oracle to Tucson 115 Kilovolt Transmission Line, Cross Arm Replacements at Structure 2/5 and 7/3 CX(s) Applied: B1.3 Date: 05/02/2013 Location(s): Arizona, Arizona Offices(s): Western Area Power Administration-Desert Southwest Region

  11. CX-011202: Categorical Exclusion Determination

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    COLORA - Cross-Arm Replacement, Structure Numbers 12-3, 12-6 CX(s) Applied: B1.3 Date: 09/23/2013 Location(s): Arizona Offices(s): Western Area Power Administration-Desert Southwest Region

  12. CX-012340: Categorical Exclusion Determination

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Flagstaff Pinnacle Peak #1 & 2 Transmission Lines - Slid Static Damper Repair at Structures 134/3 & 139/2 CX(s) Applied: B1.3 Date: 06/11/2014 Location(s): Arizona, Arizona Offices(s): Western Area Power Administration-Desert Southwest Region

  13. CX-012090: Categorical Exclusion Determination

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Henderson-Mead Number 2 230-Kilovolt Transmission Line, Erosion Repair at Structure 2/4 CX(s) Applied: B1.3 Date: 09/11/2013 Location(s): Nevada, Nevada Offices(s): Western Area Power Administration-Desert Southwest Region

  14. CX-001182: Categorical Exclusion Determination

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Access Road Improvement Project for Structure 12/1 of the Snoking Tap to Echo Lake-Monroe Number 1 Transmission LineCX(s) Applied: B1.13Date: 03/12/2010Location(s): Snohomish, WashingtonOffice(s): Bonneville Power Administration

  15. CX-006288: Categorical Exclusion Determination

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Upper Molina-Lower Molina 115 Kilovolt Road Maintenance and Structure ReplacementCX(s) Applied: B1.3Date: 07/19/2011Location(s): Mesa County, ColoradoOffice(s): Western Area Power Administration-Rocky Mountain Region

  16. CX-007509: Categorical Exclusion Determination

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Record of Categorical Exclusion for Use of RW Surge Line to Big Hill Anhydrite Pond for Raw Water Intake Structure Recycle CX(s) Applied: B1.3 Date: 11/28/2011 Location(s): Texas Offices(s): Strategic Petroleum Reserve Field Office

  17. CX-002154: Categorical Exclusion Determination

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Recovery Act: DeepCwind Consortium National Research Program: Validation of Coupled Models and Optimization of Materials for Offshore Wind StructuresCX(s) Applied: B3.1, B3.3, B3.6, A9Date: 01/21/2010Location(s): MaineOffice(s): Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy, Golden Field Office

  18. CX-002373: Categorical Exclusion Determination

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Validation of Coupled Models and Optimization of Materials for Offshore Wind StructuresCX(s) Applied: B3.1, A9Date: 05/13/2010Location(s): Gulf of Maine, MaineOffice(s): Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy, Golden Field Office

  19. CX-011718: Categorical Exclusion Determination

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Electrical District 2 to Saguaro #2 115 Kilovolt Transmission Line, Marker Ball Installation at Structure 26-10. CX(s) Applied: B1.3 Date: 01/09/2014 Location(s): Arizona Offices(s): Western Area Power Administration-Desert Southwest Region

  20. CX-100078: Categorical Exclusion Determination

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    STM Parking Structure Stairway Restoration – NREL Tracking No. 14-023 Award Number: DE-AC36-08GO28308 CX(s) Applied: DOE/EA 1440 National Renewable Energy Laboratory Date: 10/02/2014 Location(s): Colorado Office(s): Golden Field Office

  1. CX-011399: Categorical Exclusion Determination

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Integrating Magnetotellurics, Soil Gas Geochemistry and Structural Analysis to Identify Hidden, High-Enthalpy, Extensional Geothermal Systems CX(s) Applied: A9, B3.1 Date: 12/19/2013 Location(s): Nevada Offices(s): Golden Field Office

  2. CX-010287: Categorical Exclusion Determination

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Understanding Nitrous Oxide Selective Catalytic Reduction Mechanism and Activity on Copper/Chabazite Structures throughout the Catalyst Life CX(s) Applied: A9, B3.6 Date: 05/08/2013 Location(s): CX: none Offices(s): National Energy Technology Laboratory

  3. CX-001827: Categorical Exclusion Determination

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Recovery Act: Finding Large Aperture Fractures in Geothermal Resource Areas Using a 3-Component Long-Offset Surface Seismic Survey, PSlnSAR and Kinematic Structural AnalysisCX(s) Applied: B3.1, A9Date: 04/27/2010Location(s): Washoe County, NevadaOffice(s): Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy, Golden Field Office

  4. CX-011834: Categorical Exclusion Determination

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Ellensburg-Moxee No. 1 Right-Of-Way (ROW) Geotechnical Exploration Between Structures 17/1-22/2 CX(s) Applied: B4.7 Date: 01/22/2014 Location(s): Washington Offices(s): Bonneville Power Administration

  5. CX-012083: Categorical Exclusion Determination

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Rosedale-Willowby-Kiowa Creek 115-Kilovolt Transmission Line Wood H-Structure Replacement CX(s) Applied: B1.3 Date: 04/10/2014 Location(s): Colorado Offices(s): Western Area Power Administration-Rocky Mountain Region

  6. CX-003083: Categorical Exclusion Determination

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Wood Pole Replacement of Ross-Vancouver Shipyard Number 1, Structure 2/3 in Fog Chamber Dump Area Number 2CX(s) Applied: B1.3Date: 07/07/2010Location(s): Vancouver, WashingtonOffice(s): Bonneville Power Administration

  7. CX-011857: Categorical Exclusion Determination

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Archer-Cheyenne North/South 115 Kilovolt Transmission Line Structure Replacement, Laramie County, Wyoming CX(s) Applied: B4.13 Date: 01/28/2014 Location(s): Wyoming Offices(s): Western Area Power Administration-Rocky Mountain Region

  8. CX-001118: Categorical Exclusion Determination

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Emergency Wood Pole Replacement at 59 Structures Located Along the Coolidge-Oracle 115-Kilovolt Transmission LineCX(s) Applied: B4.6Date: 11/13/2009Location(s): Pinal County, ArizonaOffice(s): Western Area Power Administration-Desert Southwest Region

  9. CX-009235: Categorical Exclusion Determination

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Willow Creek - Granby Tap 2.4 Kilovolt Distribution Line Structure 0/3A Pole Replacement Project CX(s) Applied: B4.6 Date: 09/20/2012 Location(s): Colorado Offices(s): Western Area Power Administration-Rocky Mountain Region

  10. CX-010883: Categorical Exclusion Determination

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    PHX-LOB and LIB-LOB 230-Kilovolt Double-Circuit- Replace Insulators at Structure No. 28-2 With NCI Type Polymers CX(s) Applied: B1.3 Date: 08/12/2013 Location(s): Arizona Offices(s): Western Area Power Administration-Desert Southwest Region

  11. CX-010881: Categorical Exclusion Determination

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Glen Canyon to Flagstaff #2 345-Kilovolt Transmission Line, Access Road Maintenance from Structure 45/5 to 46/1 CX(s) Applied: B1.3 Date: 08/08/2013 Location(s): Arizona Offices(s): Western Area Power Administration-Desert Southwest Region

  12. CX-012693: Categorical Exclusion Determination

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Experimental Determination and Mechanistic Modeling of Used Fuel Drying by Vacuum and Gas Circulation for Dry Cask Storage – University of South Carolina CX(s) Applied: B3.6Date: 41869 Location(s): South CarolinaOffices(s): Nuclear Energy

  13. CX-100019: Categorical Exclusion Determination

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)

    Determination of Rare Earths in Geothermal Brines and Evaluation of Potential Extraction Techniques CX(s) Applied: A9, B3.1, B3.6 Date: 08/18/2014 Location(s): California Offices(s): Golden Field Office Technology Office: Geothermal Technologies Award Number: DE-EE0006750

  14. CX-000373: Categorical Exclusion Determination

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Measurements of 222 Radon, 220 Radon, and Carbon Dioxide Emissions in Natural Carbon Dioxide Fields in Wyoming: Monitoring, Verification, and Analysis Techniques for Determining Gas Transport and Caprock IntegrityCX(s) Applied: A1, A9, B3.6, B3.8Date: 11/20/2009Location(s): Laramie, WyomingOffice(s): Fossil Energy, National Energy Technology Laboratory

  15. About mechanics of the structured particles

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    V. M. Somsikov

    2011-03-15

    The principles of creation of the mechanics of structured particles in the frame of the Newton's laws are considered. The explanation how this mechanics leads to the account of dissipative forces is offered. Why the motions of the system determine by two type of symmetry: symmetry of the system and symmetry of space and how it leads to two types of energy and forces accordingly are discussed. How the mechanics of the structured particles leads to thermodynamics, statistical physics and kinetics are explained.

  16. NUCLEAR STRUCTURE DATABASE

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Firestone, R.B.

    2010-01-01

    CALIFORNIA NUCLEAR STRUCTURE DATABASE R. B. Firestone and E.11089 NUCLEAR STRUCTURE DATABASE by R.B. Firestone and E.iii- NUCLEAR STRUCTURE DATABASE R.B Firestone and E. Browne

  17. Solving the RNA polymerase I structural puzzle

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Moreno-Morcillo, María; Taylor, Nicholas M. I.; Gruene, Tim; Legrand, Pierre; Rashid, Umar J.; Ruiz, Federico M.; Steuerwald, Ulrich; Müller, Christoph W.; Fernández-Tornero, Carlos

    2014-10-01

    Details of the RNA polymerase I crystal structure determination provide a framework for solution of the structures of other multi-subunit complexes. Simple crystallographic experiments are described to extract relevant biological information such as the location of the enzyme active site. Knowing the structure of multi-subunit complexes is critical to understand basic cellular functions. However, when crystals of these complexes can be obtained they rarely diffract beyond 3 Å resolution, which complicates X-ray structure determination and refinement. The crystal structure of RNA polymerase I, an essential cellular machine that synthesizes the precursor of ribosomal RNA in the nucleolus of eukaryotic cells, has recently been solved. Here, the crucial steps that were undertaken to build the atomic model of this multi-subunit enzyme are reported, emphasizing how simple crystallographic experiments can be used to extract relevant biological information. In particular, this report discusses the combination of poor molecular replacement and experimental phases, the application of multi-crystal averaging and the use of anomalous scatterers as sequence markers to guide tracing and to locate the active site. The methods outlined here will likely serve as a reference for future structural determination of large complexes at low resolution.

  18. Structural Health Monitoring

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Structural Health Monitoring Engineering Institute Structural Health Monitoring- The Los Alamos Approach Contact Institute Director Charles Farrar (505) 663-5330 Email UCSD EI...

  19. Prediction of parallel in-register amyloidogenic beta-structures In highly beta-rich protein sequences by pairwise propensity analysis

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bryan, Allen Wayne

    2009-01-01

    Amyloids and prion proteins are clinically and biologically important beta-structures, whose supersecondary structures are difficult to determine by standard experimental or computational means. In addition, significant ...

  20. CX-001731: Categorical Exclusion Determination

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Recovery Act: Application of a New Structural Model and Exploration Technologies to Define a Blind Geothermal System: A Viable Alternative to Grid-Drilling for Geothermal Exploration: McCoy, Churchill County, NevadaCX(s) Applied: B3.1, A9Date: 04/16/2010Location(s): Churchill County, NevadaOffice(s): Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy, Golden Field Office

  1. Toeplitz determinants with merging singularities

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    T. Claeys; I. Krasovsky

    2014-10-28

    We study asymptotic behavior for determinants of $n\\times n$ Toeplitz matrices corresponding to symbols with two Fisher-Hartwig singularities at the distance $2t\\ge0$ from each other on the unit circle. We obtain large $n$ asymptotics which are uniform for $0occupation number in the ground state of a one-dimensional Bose gas, and a conjecture of Fyodorov and Keating on the second moment of powers of the characteristic polynomials of random matrices.

  2. Range determination for scannerless imaging

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Muguira, Maritza Rosa (Albuquerque, NM); Sackos, John Theodore (Albuquerque, NM); Bradley, Bart Davis (Albuquerque, NM); Nellums, Robert (Albuquerque, NM)

    2000-01-01

    A new method of operating a scannerless range imaging system (e.g., a scannerless laser radar) has been developed. This method is designed to compensate for nonlinear effects which appear in many real-world components. The system operates by determining the phase shift of the laser modulation, which is a physical quantity related physically to the path length between the laser source and the detector, for each pixel of an image.

  3. Method for determining gene knockouts

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Maranas, Costa D; Burgard, Anthony R; Pharkya, Priti

    2013-06-04

    A method for determining candidates for gene deletions and additions using a model of a metabolic network associated with an organism, the model includes a plurality of metabolic reactions defining metabolite relationships, the method includes selecting a bioengineering objective for the organism, selecting at least one cellular objective, forming an optimization problem that couples the at least one cellular objective with the bioengineering objective, and solving the optimization problem to yield at least one candidate.

  4. Method for determining gene knockouts

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Maranas, Costas D. (Port Matilda, PA); Burgard, Anthony R. (State College, PA); Pharkya, Priti (State College, PA)

    2011-09-27

    A method for determining candidates for gene deletions and additions using a model of a metabolic network associated with an organism, the model includes a plurality of metabolic reactions defining metabolite relationships, the method includes selecting a bioengineering objective for the organism, selecting at least one cellular objective, forming an optimization problem that couples the at least one cellular objective with the bioengineering objective, and solving the optimization problem to yield at least one candidate.

  5. Determining neutrino properties using future galaxy redshift surveys

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    F. B. Abdalla; S. Rawlings

    2007-02-12

    Current measurements of the large-scale structure of galaxies are able to place an $\\sim 0.5 ~ \\rm eV$ upper limit on the absolute mass scale of neutrinos. An order-of-magnitude improvement in raw sensitivity, together with an insensitivity to systematic effects, is needed to reach the lowest value allowed by particle physics experiments. We consider the prospects of determining both the neutrino mass scale and the number of of massive neutrinos using future redshift surveys, specifically those undertaken with the Square Kilometre Array (SKA), with and without additional constraints from the upcoming Planck CMB experiment. If the sum of the neutrino masses $\\sum m_i \\gtsimeq 0.25 ~ \\rm eV$ then the imprint of neutrinos on large-scale structure (LSS) should be enough, on its own, to establish the neutrino mass scale and, considered alongside CMB constraints, it will also determine the number of massive neutrinos $N_{\

  6. Chap. III : structures

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Poinsot, Laurent

    Chap. III : Les objets structur´es Laurent Poinsot Plan Chap. III : Les objets structur´es Laurent Poinsot 25 septembre 2009 #12;Chap. III : Les objets structur´es Laurent Poinsot Plan Plan 1 Les objets structur´es Introduction S´equences Listes Ensembles Cha^ines de caract`eres 2 Quelques exercices #12;Chap

  7. Chap. III : structures

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Poinsot, Laurent

    Chap. III : Les objets structur´es Laurent Poinsot Plan Chap. III : Les objets structur´es Laurent Poinsot 25 septembre 2009 #12;Chap. III : Les objets structur´es Laurent Poinsot Plan Plan 1 Les objets structur´es Introduction S´equences Listes Ensembles Cha^ines de caract`eres #12;Chap. III : Les objets

  8. Earth Structure Introduction

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Earth Structure Introduction Earth Structure (2nd Edition), 2004 W.W. Norton & Co, New York Slide show by Ben van der Pluijm © WW Norton, unless noted otherwise #12;© EarthStructure (2nd ed) 210/4/2010 Aerial views #12;© EarthStructure (2nd ed) 310/4/2010 http://www.globalchange.umich.edu/Ben/ES/ #12

  9. Structural Engineering Graduate Handbook

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fainman, Yeshaiahu

    Structural Engineering Graduate Handbook 2014-15 #12;DEPARTMENT OF STRUCTURAL ENGINEERING GRADUATE on structural design and analysis, structural materials, computational mechanics, and solid mechanics in the selection of graduate courses but also a diversity of employment opportunities across the engineering

  10. CX-008998: Categorical Exclusion Determination | Department of...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    8: Categorical Exclusion Determination CX-008998: Categorical Exclusion Determination "Sustainable Manufacturing via Multi-scale Physics-based Process Modeling and...

  11. CX-006863: Categorical Exclusion Determination | Department of...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    63: Categorical Exclusion Determination CX-006863: Categorical Exclusion Determination Production and Economics of Perennial-Based Woody and Herbaceous Biomass Crops under...

  12. CX-004095: Categorical Exclusion Determination | Department of...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Exclusion Determination CX-004095: Categorical Exclusion Determination Thermal Transport Properties of Nanostructured Materials for Energy Conversion CX(s) Applied: B3.6 Date: 09...

  13. CX-003164: Categorical Exclusion Determination | Department of...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Categorical Exclusion Determination CX-003164: Categorical Exclusion Determination Optimization of Biomass Production Across a Landscape CX(s) Applied: A9 Date: 07262010...

  14. Categorical Exclusion Determinations: Office of Energy Efficiency...

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy Categorical Exclusion Determinations: Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy Categorical Exclusion Determinations issued by Energy...

  15. CX-004958: Categorical Exclusion Determination | Department of...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    958: Categorical Exclusion Determination CX-004958: Categorical Exclusion Determination University of Southern California-Iron-Air Rechargeable Battery for Grid-Scale Energy...

  16. CX-004351: Categorical Exclusion Determination | Department of...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    4351: Categorical Exclusion Determination CX-004351: Categorical Exclusion Determination Center for Development of Math, Science and Technology CX(s) Applied: B1.15 Date: 1029...

  17. CX-002671: Categorical Exclusion Determination | Department of...

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    1: Categorical Exclusion Determination CX-002671: Categorical Exclusion Determination Vegetation Management - Routine Maintenance Along Captain Jack-Olinda Transmission Line CX(s)...

  18. CX-003959: Categorical Exclusion Determination | Department of...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    59: Categorical Exclusion Determination CX-003959: Categorical Exclusion Determination Federal Bureau of Investigation Radiological Dispersion Device Training CX(s) Applied: B1.2...

  19. CX-005987: Categorical Exclusion Determination | Department of...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    87: Categorical Exclusion Determination CX-005987: Categorical Exclusion Determination Stion Corporation - Superstrate Device for High Efficiency Tandem Modules CX(s) Applied: A9,...

  20. CX-100022: Categorical Exclusion Determination | Department of...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    CX-100022: Categorical Exclusion Determination CX-100022: Categorical Exclusion Determination EERE Demonstration for Advanced Retro-Commissioning Technology CX(s) Applied: A9,...

  1. CX-001378: Categorical Exclusion Determination | Department of...

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    378: Categorical Exclusion Determination CX-001378: Categorical Exclusion Determination Wackenhut Services, Incorporated Training Facility CX(s) Applied: B1.2 Date: 10282009...

  2. CX-001714: Categorical Exclusion Determination | Department of...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    714: Categorical Exclusion Determination CX-001714: Categorical Exclusion Determination Vehicle Test Location at Bone Yard; National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) Tracking...

  3. CX-004628: Categorical Exclusion Determination | Department of...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    8: Categorical Exclusion Determination CX-004628: Categorical Exclusion Determination Seneca Nation of New York Energy Efficiency and Conservation Programs for Buildings and...

  4. CX-001492: Categorical Exclusion Determination | Department of...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    92: Categorical Exclusion Determination CX-001492: Categorical Exclusion Determination City of Saint Louis Missouri Statement of Work and All Activities Excluding Bike Station...

  5. CX-007826: Categorical Exclusion Determination | Department of...

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    007826: Categorical Exclusion Determination CX-007826: Categorical Exclusion Determination "Crittenden City Facilities Re-Roofing CX(s) Applied: B5.1 Date: 01312012 Location(s):...

  6. CX-000310: Categorical Exclusion Determination | Department of...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    0: Categorical Exclusion Determination CX-000310: Categorical Exclusion Determination New Jersey Revision 1 - Energy Efficiency Upgrades for State Buildings CX(s) Applied: A9, A11,...

  7. CX-009923: Categorical Exclusion Determination | Department of...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    CX-009923: Categorical Exclusion Determination CX-009923: Categorical Exclusion Determination Project Icebreaker CX(s) Applied: A9, B3.1 Date: 01072013 Location(s): Ohio...

  8. CX-007056: Categorical Exclusion Determination | Department of...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    7056: Categorical Exclusion Determination CX-007056: Categorical Exclusion Determination Interstate Electrification Improvement CX(s) Applied: B5.1 Date: 09192011 Location(s):...

  9. CX-001525: Categorical Exclusion Determination | Department of...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    25: Categorical Exclusion Determination CX-001525: Categorical Exclusion Determination Energy Efficiency and Conservation Strategy for Units of Local Governments and Indian Tribes...

  10. CX-009411: Categorical Exclusion Determination | Department of...

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    411: Categorical Exclusion Determination CX-009411: Categorical Exclusion Determination Routine Maintenance of Hesperus-Montrose 345 Kilovolt Transmission Line Access Roads CX(s)...

  11. CX-100290 Categorical Exclusion Determination | Department of...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    0 Categorical Exclusion Determination CX-100290 Categorical Exclusion Determination Location, Location, Efficiency (Milwaukee, WI) Award Number: DE-EE0007069 CX(s) Applied: A9,...

  12. CX-003197: Categorical Exclusion Determination | Department of...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    7: Categorical Exclusion Determination CX-003197: Categorical Exclusion Determination Low Cost High Concentration Photovoltaic Systems for Utility Power Generation CX(s) Applied:...

  13. CX-007370: Categorical Exclusion Determination | Department of...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    370: Categorical Exclusion Determination CX-007370: Categorical Exclusion Determination Idaho-TRIBE-SHOSHONE-BANNOCK TRIBE OF THE FORT HALL RESERVATION OF IDAHO CX(s) Applied:...

  14. CX-010792: Categorical Exclusion Determination | Department of...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    CX-010792: Categorical Exclusion Determination CX-010792: Categorical Exclusion Determination Gulf of Mexico Miocene Carbon Dioxide (CO2) Site Characterization Mega Transect - Task...

  15. CX-011234: Categorical Exclusion Determination | Department of...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    34: Categorical Exclusion Determination CX-011234: Categorical Exclusion Determination Construction and Maintenance Activities at Existing Field Offices and Operation Centers CX(s)...

  16. CX-005162: Categorical Exclusion Determination | Department of...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    5162: Categorical Exclusion Determination CX-005162: Categorical Exclusion Determination Green Chemistry - CEAM Phase 3 - Working Bug LLC CX(s) Applied: B5.1 Date: 02082011...

  17. CX-100081: Categorical Exclusion Determination | Department of...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Exclusion Determination CX-100081: Categorical Exclusion Determination Harnessing the Hydro-Electric Potential of Engineered Drops Award Number: DE-EE0005428 CX(s) Applied:...

  18. CX-008779: Categorical Exclusion Determination | Department of...

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    9: Categorical Exclusion Determination CX-008779: Categorical Exclusion Determination Curecanti-Poncha-Canon City West-Midway 230-Kilovolt Transmission Line Road Maintenance...

  19. CX-010110: Categorical Exclusion Determination | Department of...

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    10: Categorical Exclusion Determination CX-010110: Categorical Exclusion Determination Hesperus-Montrose (Project No. 3) 345 Kilovolt (kV) Transmission Line and Curecanti-Lost...

  20. CX-012215: Categorical Exclusion Determination | Department of...

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    5: Categorical Exclusion Determination CX-012215: Categorical Exclusion Determination Curecanti-Poncha 230-Kilovolt Transmission Line Vegetation Management Under the Uncompahgre...

  1. CX-008790: Categorical Exclusion Determination | Department of...

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    90: Categorical Exclusion Determination CX-008790: Categorical Exclusion Determination Routine Maintenance of Hesperus-Montrose 345 Kilovolt Transmission Line Access Roads San...

  2. CX-012355: Categorical Exclusion Determination | Department of...

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    55: Categorical Exclusion Determination CX-012355: Categorical Exclusion Determination Kayenta-Navajo 230-kilovolt Transmission Line Landing Construction and Insulator Replacement,...

  3. CX-008778: Categorical Exclusion Determination | Department of...

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    8: Categorical Exclusion Determination CX-008778: Categorical Exclusion Determination Combined Crew Vegetation Management on the Curecanti-Poncha 230 Kilovolt Transmission Line...

  4. CX-010109: Categorical Exclusion Determination | Department of...

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    09: Categorical Exclusion Determination CX-010109: Categorical Exclusion Determination Curecanti-Poncha 230 Kilovolt Transmission Line Cross Bar Ranch Project CX(s) Applied: B1.3...

  5. CX-100294 Categorical Exclusion Determination | Department of...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    4 Categorical Exclusion Determination CX-100294 Categorical Exclusion Determination Texturizing Wind Turbine Towers to Reduce Bat Mortality Award Number: DE-EE0007033 CX(s)...

  6. CX-003937: Categorical Exclusion Determination | Department of...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Categorical Exclusion Determination CX-003937: Categorical Exclusion Determination Hawaii Energy Sustainability Program (Subtask 2.4.1: Evaluate Carbonized Biomass Samples) CX(s)...

  7. CX-001515: Categorical Exclusion Determination | Department of...

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    Exclusion Determination CX-001515: Categorical Exclusion Determination Cedarville School District Retrofit of Heating and Cooling Systems with Geothermal Heat Pumps and Ground...

  8. CX-002355: Categorical Exclusion Determination | Department of...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Categorical Exclusion Determination CX-002355: Categorical Exclusion Determination Kansas City Power and Light (KCP&L) Green Impact Zone Smart Grid Demonstration CX(s) Applied:...

  9. CX-009019: Categorical Exclusion Determination | Department of...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Determination CX-009019: Categorical Exclusion Determination "Catalyst-Assisted Manufacture of Olefins from Natural Gas Liquids: Prototype Development CX(s) Applied: A9, B3.6...

  10. CX-004247: Categorical Exclusion Determination | Department of...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Exclusion Determination CX-004247: Categorical Exclusion Determination Carolina Blue Skies Initiative CX(s) Applied: A1, B5.1 Date: 10142010 Location(s): Indian Trail,...

  11. CX-011995: Categorical Exclusion Determination | Department of...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Exclusion Determination CX-011995: Categorical Exclusion Determination Hat Rock Tap Switching Station Equipment Transfer CX(s) Applied: B1.24 Date: 04102014 Location(s):...

  12. Nonlinear structural crack growth monitoring

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Welch, Donald E. (Oak Ridge, TN); Hively, Lee M. (Philadelphia, TN); Holdaway, Ray F. (Clinton, TN)

    2002-01-01

    A method and apparatus are provided for the detection, through nonlinear manipulation of data, of an indicator of imminent failure due to crack growth in structural elements. The method is a process of determining energy consumption due to crack growth and correlating the energy consumption with physical phenomena indicative of a failure event. The apparatus includes sensors for sensing physical data factors, processors or the like for computing a relationship between the physical data factors and phenomena indicative of the failure event, and apparatus for providing notification of the characteristics and extent of such phenomena.

  13. Liquid chromatographic determination of water

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Fortier, N.E.; Fritz, J.S.

    1990-11-13

    A sensitive method for the determination of water in the presence of common interferences is presented. The detection system is based on the effect of water on the equilibrium which results from the reaction aryl aldehydes, such as cinnamaldehyde and methanol in the eluent to form cinnamaldehyde dimethylacetal, plus water. This equilibrium is shifted in a catalytic atmosphere of a hydrogen ion form past column reactor. The extent of the shift and the resulting change in absorbance are proportional to the amount of water present. 1 fig.

  14. Crystal face temperature determination means

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Nason, D.O.; Burger, A.

    1994-11-22

    An optically transparent furnace having a detection apparatus with a pedestal enclosed in an evacuated ampule for growing a crystal thereon is disclosed. Temperature differential is provided by a source heater, a base heater and a cold finger such that material migrates from a polycrystalline source material to grow the crystal. A quartz halogen lamp projects a collimated beam onto the crystal and a reflected beam is analyzed by a double monochromator and photomultiplier detection spectrometer and the detected peak position in the reflected energy spectrum of the reflected beam is interpreted to determine surface temperature of the crystal. 3 figs.

  15. Canonical structure of 2D black holes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Navarro-Salas, J; Talavera, C F

    1994-01-01

    We determine the canonical structure of two-dimensional black-hole solutions arising in $2D$ dilaton gravity. By choosing the Cauchy surface appropriately we find that the canonically conjugate variable to the black hole mass is given by the difference of local (Schwarzschild) time translations at right and left spatial infinities. This can be regarded as a generalization of Birkhoff's theorem.

  16. HAAD: A Quick Algorithm for Accurate Prediction of Hydrogen Atoms in Protein Structures

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Li, Yunqi; Roy, Ambrish; Zhang, Yang

    2009-08-20

    Hydrogen constitutes nearly half of all atoms in proteins and their positions are essential for analyzing hydrogen-bonding interactions and refining atomic-level structures. However, most protein structures determined by experiments or computer...

  17. Nanostructure Determination by Co-Refining Models to Multiple Datasets

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Billinge, Simon

    2011-05-31

    The results of the work are contained in the publications resulting from the grant (which are listed below). Here I summarize the main findings from the last period of the award, 2006-2007: • Published a paper in Science with Igor Levin outlining the “Nanostructure Problem”, our inability to solve structure at the nanoscale. • Published a paper in Nature demonstrating the first ever ab-initio structure determination of a nanoparticle from atomic pair distribution function (PDF) data. • Published one book and 3 overview articles on PDF methods and the nanostructure problem. • Completed a project that sought to find a structural response to the presence of the so-called “intermediate phase” in network glasses which appears close to the rigidity percolation threshold in these systems. The main result was that we did not see convincing evidence for this, which drew into doubt the idea that GexSe1-x glasses were a model system exhibiting rigidity percolation.

  18. Structural snapshots along the reaction pathway of Yersinia pestis...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    pathway of Yersinia pestis RipA, a putative butyryl-CoA transferase The crystal structures of Y. pestis RipA mutants were determined to provide insights into the CoA...

  19. Equilibrium structures from gas-phase electron-diffraction data 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    McCaffrey, Philip D

    2007-01-01

    For the past 75 years gas-phase electron diffraction (GED) has remained the most valuable technique for determining structures of small molecules, free from intermolecular interactions. Throughout this period many ...

  20. Maintenance-based design of concrete parking structures

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stoakes, Christopher D. (Christopher David)

    2007-01-01

    The purpose of this study is to determine what type of preventative maintenance for a concrete parking structure will produce the maximum economic benefit. Existing models for concrete deterioration are analyzed for their ...

  1. Structural kinetics of myosin by transient time-resolved FRET

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Thomas, David D.

    occurs before ATP is hydrolyzed, and two struc- tural states (relay helix straight and bent) are resolved structural data, determined primarily from static protein crystals, and kinetics, measured dur- ing

  2. Conditional Graphical Models for Protein Structural Motif Recognition

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Liu, Yan

    Determining protein structures is crucial to understanding the mechanisms of infection and designing drugs. However, the elucidation of protein folds by crystallographic experiments can be a bottleneck in the development ...

  3. Exploiting Compositionality to Explore a Large Space of Model Structures

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Grosse, Roger Baker

    The recent proliferation of richly structured probabilistic models raises the question of how to automatically determine an appropriate model for a dataset. We investigate this question for a space of matrix decomposition ...

  4. The Genetic Structure of the Kuwaiti Population: Mitochondrial DNA Markers

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Theyab, Jasem

    2010-06-14

    the expansion of early Homo sapiens out of Africa. Kuwait is located in the Northeast portion of the Arabian Peninsula. This thesis investigated the mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) genetic variation in 117 unrelated individuals to determine the genetic structure...

  5. Determination of a mutational spectrum

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Thilly, William G. (Winchester, MA); Keohavong, Phouthone (Cambridge, MA)

    1991-01-01

    A method of resolving (physically separating) mutant DNA from nonmutant DNA and a method of defining or establishing a mutational spectrum or profile of alterations present in nucleic acid sequences from a sample to be analyzed, such as a tissue or body fluid. The present method is based on the fact that it is possible, through the use of DGGE, to separate nucleic acid sequences which differ by only a single base change and on the ability to detect the separate mutant molecules. The present invention, in another aspect, relates to a method for determining a mutational spectrum in a DNA sequence of interest present in a population of cells. The method of the present invention is useful as a diagnostic or analytical tool in forensic science in assessing environmental and/or occupational exposures to potentially genetically toxic materials (also referred to as potential mutagens); in biotechnology, particularly in the study of the relationship between the amino acid sequence of enzymes and other biologically-active proteins or protein-containing substances and their respective functions; and in determining the effects of drugs, cosmetics and other chemicals for which toxicity data must be obtained.

  6. METHODOLOGY ARTICLE Open Access Quality assessment of protein model-structures

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nebel, Jean-Christophe

    METHODOLOGY ARTICLE Open Access Quality assessment of protein model-structures based on structural Background: Experimental determination of protein 3D structures is expensive, time consuming and sometimes impossible. A gap between number of protein structures deposited in the World Wide Protein Data Bank

  7. Chemical Bonding and Structural Information of Black Carbon Reference Materials and Individual Carbonaceous Atmospheric Aerosols

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hopkins, Rebecca J.; Tivanski, Alexei V.; Marten, Bryan D.; Gilles, Mary K.

    2007-01-01

    A. (1998), Determination of chemical- structural changes inOptical, physical, and chemical properties of tar ballsE. (2001), Study on the chemical character of water soluble

  8. Life extension of structural components via an improved nondestructive testing methodology

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hohmann, Brian P. (Brian Patrick)

    2010-01-01

    An experimental study was performed to determine the flaw detection sensitivity of advanced nondestructive testing (NDT) techniques with respect to structural applications. The techniques analyzed exemplify the incorporation ...

  9. Modeling Fission Product Sorption in Graphite Structures

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Szlufarska, Izabela; Morgan, Dane; Allen, Todd

    2013-04-08

    The goal of this project is to determine changes in adsorption and desorption of fission products to/from nuclear-grade graphite in response to a changing chemical environment. First, the project team will employ principle calculations and thermodynamic analysis to predict stability of fission products on graphite in the presence of structural defects commonly observed in very high- temperature reactor (VHTR) graphites. Desorption rates will be determined as a function of partial pressure of oxygen and iodine, relative humidity, and temperature. They will then carry out experimental characterization to determine the statistical distribution of structural features. This structural information will yield distributions of binding sites to be used as an input for a sorption model. Sorption isotherms calculated under this project will contribute to understanding of the physical bases of the source terms that are used in higher-level codes that model fission product transport and retention in graphite. The project will include the following tasks: Perform structural characterization of the VHTR graphite to determine crystallographic phases, defect structures and their distribution, volume fraction of coke, and amount of sp2 versus sp3 bonding. This information will be used as guidance for ab initio modeling and as input for sorptivity models; Perform ab initio calculations of binding energies to determine stability of fission products on the different sorption sites present in nuclear graphite microstructures. The project will use density functional theory (DFT) methods to calculate binding energies in vacuum and in oxidizing environments. The team will also calculate stability of iodine complexes with fission products on graphite sorption sites; Model graphite sorption isotherms to quantify concentration of fission products in graphite. The binding energies will be combined with a Langmuir isotherm statistical model to predict the sorbed concentration of fission products on each type of graphite site. The model will include multiple simultaneous adsorbing species, which will allow for competitive adsorption effects between different fission product species and O and OH (for modeling accident conditions).

  10. Heterogeneity and dynamics in villin headpiece crystal structures

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Meng, Jianmin; McKnight, Christopher James, E-mail: cjmck@bu.edu [Boston University School of Medicine (United States)

    2009-05-01

    New crystal structures of the well studied protein-folding model system villin headpiece in a new space group provide insights into the conformations available in the folded state. The villin headpiece domain (HP67) is the C-terminal F-actin-binding motif that confers F-actin-bundling activity to villin, a component of the actin bundles that support the brush-border microvilli. It has been investigated extensively by both experimental and theoretical measurements. Our laboratory, for example, has determined both its NMR and its crystal structures. This study presents the structures of HP67 and its pH-stabilized mutant (H41Y) in a different crystal form and space group. For both constructs, two molecules are found in each asymmetric unit in the new space group P6{sub 1}. While one of the two structures (Mol A) is structurally similar to our previously determined structure (Mol X), the other (Mol B) has significant deviations, especially in the N-terminal subdomain, where lattice contacts do not appear to contribute to the difference. In addition, the structurally most different crystal structure, Mol B, is actually closer to the averaged NMR structure. Harmonic motions, as suggested by the B-factor profiles, differ between these crystal structures; crystal structures from the same space group share a similar pattern. Thus, heterogeneity and dynamics are observed in different crystal structures of the same protein even for a protein as small as villin headpiece.

  11. STRUCTURAL ENGINEERING, MECHANICS AND MATERIALS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wang, Yuhang

    · Structural Health Monitoring · Structural Reliability Graduate Studies Structural Engineering, Mechanics sensing device for structural health monitoring and control. 3D finite element modeling and simulationSTRUCTURAL ENGINEERING, MECHANICS AND MATERIALS offers graduate instruction and research

  12. Structuring beyond architecture

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Foxe, David M

    2006-01-01

    This thesis explores the layering and negotiation of structural devices in urban settings. Its point of departure is a series of patterns of how structural design and urban design interact and overlap, from which are ...

  13. Undergraduate Program Salary Structure

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Salary Structure Undergraduate Program Salary Structure Point your career towards Los Alamos Lab: work with the best minds on the planet in an inclusive environment that is rich in...

  14. Explorative structural design

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Clune, Rory P. (Rory Patrick)

    2010-01-01

    The thesis proposes a new way of thinking about structural design software. The current state of computational structural design in practice is assessed, and a review of relevant literature and existing software identifies ...

  15. Molecular structure and motion in zero field magnetic resonance

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Jarvie, T.P.

    1989-10-01

    Zero field magnetic resonance is well suited for the determination of molecular structure and the study of motion in disordered materials. Experiments performed in zero applied magnetic field avoid the anisotropic broadening in high field nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) experiments. As a result, molecular structure and subtle effects of motion are more readily observed.

  16. Neutron reflecting supermirror structure

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Wood, J.L.

    1992-12-01

    An improved neutron reflecting supermirror structure comprising a plurality of stacked sets of bilayers of neutron reflecting materials. The improved neutron reflecting supermirror structure is adapted to provide extremely good performance at high incidence angles, i.e. up to four time the critical angle of standard neutron mirror structures. The reflection of neutrons striking the supermirror structure at a high critical angle provides enhanced neutron throughput, and hence more efficient and economical use of neutron sources. 2 figs.

  17. Neutron reflecting supermirror structure

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Wood, James L. (Drayton Plains, MI)

    1992-01-01

    An improved neutron reflecting supermirror structure comprising a plurality of stacked sets of bilayers of neutron reflecting materials. The improved neutron reflecting supermirror structure is adapted to provide extremely good performance at high incidence angles, i.e. up to four time the critical angle of standard neutron mirror structures. The reflection of neutrons striking the supermirror structure at a high critical angle provides enhanced neutron throughput, and hence more efficient and economical use of neutron sources.

  18. Configuration Structures (extended abstract)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pratt, Vaughan

    Configuration Structures (extended abstract) R.J. van Glabbeek \\Lambda Computer Science Department Science University of Edinburgh Edinburgh EH9 3JZ, UK gdp@dcs.ed.ac.uk Abstract Configuration structures provide a model of concur­ rency generalising the families of configurations of event structures. They can

  19. Nuclear Structure Thomas Neff

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Neff, Thomas

    Nuclear Structure in FMD Thomas Neff #12;FMD attributes Fermionic ^Q = C A q1 ··· qA Unitary = ^Q H ^Q ^Q ^Q Nuclear Structure in FMD Thomas Neff­ September 2, 1998 #12;Nuclear Interactions-interactions Nuclear Structure in FMD Thomas Neff­ September 2, 1998 #12;Unitary Correlator How to address the hard

  20. Nuclear Structure Thomas Neff

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Neff, Thomas

    Nuclear Structure in FMD Thomas Neff #12; FMD attributes Fermionic #12; #12; â?? Q #11; =C #24; A #24 #11; Nuclear Structure in FMD Thomas Neff-- September 2, 1998 #12; Nuclear Interactions Effective­interactions Nuclear Structure in FMD Thomas Neff-- September 2, 1998 #12; Unitary Correlator How to address the hard

  1. Structural health monitoring for ship structures

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Farrar, Charles [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Park, Gyuhae [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Angel, Marian [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Bement, Matthew [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Salvino, Liming [NSWC, CADEROCK

    2009-01-01

    Currently the Office of Naval Research is supporting the development of structural health monitoring (SHM) technology for U.S. Navy ship structures. This application is particularly challenging because of the physical size of these structures, the widely varying and often extreme operational and environmental conditions associated with these ships missions, lack of data from known damage conditions, limited sensing that was not designed specifically for SHM, and the management of the vast amounts of data that can be collected during a mission. This paper will first define a statistical pattern recognition paradigm for SHM by describing the four steps of (1) Operational Evaluation, (2) Data Acquisition, (3) Feature Extraction, and (4) Statistical Classification of Features as they apply to ship structures. Note that inherent in the last three steps of this process are additional tasks of data cleansing, compression, normalization and fusion. The presentation will discuss ship structure SHM challenges in the context of applying various SHM approaches to sea trials data measured on an aluminum multi-hull high-speed ship, the HSV-2 Swift. To conclude, the paper will discuss several outstanding issues that need to be addressed before SHM can make the transition from a research topic to actual field applications on ship structures and suggest approaches for addressing these issues.

  2. Emissivity corrected infrared method for imaging anomalous structural heat flows

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Del Grande, N.K.; Durbin, P.F.; Dolan, K.W.; Perkins, D.E.

    1995-08-22

    A method for detecting flaws in structures using dual band infrared radiation is disclosed. Heat is applied to the structure being evaluated. The structure is scanned for two different wavelengths and data obtained in the form of images. Images are used to remove clutter to form a corrected image. The existence and nature of a flaw is determined by investigating a variety of features. 1 fig.

  3. Ballistic projectile trajectory determining system

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Karr, Thomas J. (Alamo, CA)

    1997-01-01

    A computer controlled system determines the three-dimensional trajectory of a ballistic projectile. To initialize the system, predictions of state parameters for a ballistic projectile are received at an estimator. The estimator uses the predictions of the state parameters to estimate first trajectory characteristics of the ballistic projectile. A single stationary monocular sensor then observes the actual first trajectory characteristics of the ballistic projectile. A comparator generates an error value related to the predicted state parameters by comparing the estimated first trajectory characteristics of the ballistic projectile with the observed first trajectory characteristics of the ballistic projectile. If the error value is equal to or greater than a selected limit, the predictions of the state parameters are adjusted. New estimates for the trajectory characteristics of the ballistic projectile are made and are then compared with actual observed trajectory characteristics. This process is repeated until the error value is less than the selected limit. Once the error value is less than the selected limit, a calculator calculates trajectory characteristics such a the origin and destination of the ballistic projectile.

  4. Ballistic projectile trajectory determining system

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Karr, T.J.

    1997-05-20

    A computer controlled system determines the three-dimensional trajectory of a ballistic projectile. To initialize the system, predictions of state parameters for a ballistic projectile are received at an estimator. The estimator uses the predictions of the state parameters to estimate first trajectory characteristics of the ballistic projectile. A single stationary monocular sensor then observes the actual first trajectory characteristics of the ballistic projectile. A comparator generates an error value related to the predicted state parameters by comparing the estimated first trajectory characteristics of the ballistic projectile with the observed first trajectory characteristics of the ballistic projectile. If the error value is equal to or greater than a selected limit, the predictions of the state parameters are adjusted. New estimates for the trajectory characteristics of the ballistic projectile are made and are then compared with actual observed trajectory characteristics. This process is repeated until the error value is less than the selected limit. Once the error value is less than the selected limit, a calculator calculates trajectory characteristics such a the origin and destination of the ballistic projectile. 8 figs.

  5. Design of Pressure Actuated Cellular Structures

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Markus Pagitz

    2015-08-05

    A novel concept for pressure actuated cellular structures was published in Pagitz et al 2012 Bioinspir. Biomim. 7. The corresponding mathematical foundation for the simulation and optimization of compliant cellular structures with eccentric cell corner hinges was published in Pagitz 2015 arXiv:1403.2197. The aim of this article is threefold: First, analytical expressions for optimal materials of compliant cellular structures with identical properties are derived as a function of cell sizes. It is shown that cellular structures can be made from either a large, small number of highly, lowly pressurized cells that consist of a stiff, soft material. Second, extensions to the previously published numerical model are presented and their application ranges are determined. Third, end cap designs for prismatic cells are developed that can withstand substantial differential pressures while being flexible enough to allow large cross sectional shape changes. Furthermore, a manufacturing approach that is based on cytoskeletons is presented.

  6. 2. Linked structures David Keil Data Structures Spring 2015 David Keil Data Structures 2. Linked structures Spring 2015 1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Keil, David M.

    2. Linked structures David Keil Data Structures Spring 2015 David Keil Data Structures 2. Linked structures Spring 2015 1 David M. Keil, Framingham State University CSCI 271 Data Structures 2. Linked structures 1. Linked lists 2. List operations 3. Trees 4. Tree operations David Keil Data Structures 2

  7. CX-002586: Categorical Exclusion Determination | Department of...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    86: Categorical Exclusion Determination CX-002586: Categorical Exclusion Determination Maine-County-Cumberland CX(s) Applied: B1.32, B2.5, A9, A11, B5.1 Date: 04292010...

  8. CX-010240: Categorical Exclusion Determination | Department of...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Categorical Exclusion Determination CX-010240: Categorical Exclusion Determination Gulf Offshore Wind Project CX(s) Applied: A9, B3.1, B3.2, B3.3, B3.6, B3.16 Date: 02062013...

  9. CX-003733: Categorical Exclusion Determination | Department of...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    3733: Categorical Exclusion Determination CX-003733: Categorical Exclusion Determination Low-emissivity Retrofit Demonstration and Educational Program CX(s) Applied: A9, A11, B5.1...

  10. CX-009923: Categorical Exclusion Determination | Department of...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    09923: Categorical Exclusion Determination CX-009923: Categorical Exclusion Determination Project Icebreaker CX(s) Applied: A9, B3.1 Date: 01072013 Location(s): Ohio Offices(s):...

  11. CX-000325: Categorical Exclusion Determination | Department of...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    5: Categorical Exclusion Determination CX-000325: Categorical Exclusion Determination Kentucky Revision 2 - Utility Smart Grid Initiative CX(s) Applied: A1, A9, A11, B1.7, B1.24,...

  12. CX-000139: Categorical Exclusion Determination | Department of...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    139: Categorical Exclusion Determination CX-000139: Categorical Exclusion Determination Rampart Village Energy Efficiency AuditsRetrofits CX(s) Applied: B2.5, B5.1, A1, A9 Date:...

  13. CX-003656: Categorical Exclusion Determination | Department of...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    56: Categorical Exclusion Determination CX-003656: Categorical Exclusion Determination South Carolina - City - North Charleston CX(s) Applied: A9, A11, B1.32, B2.5, B5.1 Date: 09...

  14. CX-005071: Categorical Exclusion Determination | Department of...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    071: Categorical Exclusion Determination CX-005071: Categorical Exclusion Determination Vehicle Test Location at Bone Yard CX(s) Applied: A9, B3.6, B5.1 Date: 01212011...

  15. CX-003623: Categorical Exclusion Determination | Department of...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    23: Categorical Exclusion Determination CX-003623: Categorical Exclusion Determination Routine Grounds and Maintenance Activities CX(s) Applied: B1.3, B1.11, B1.15 Date: 08242010...

  16. CX-002509: Categorical Exclusion Determination | Department of...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    2509: Categorical Exclusion Determination CX-002509: Categorical Exclusion Determination Energy Retrofits for State Correctional Facilities CX(s) Applied: B1.23, B1.24, B1.28,...

  17. CX-010416: Categorical Exclusion Determination | Department of...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    10416: Categorical Exclusion Determination CX-010416: Categorical Exclusion Determination Substation Maintenance and Renovation Activities CX(s) Applied: B1.3, B1.7, B1.11, B1.27,...

  18. CX-001862: Categorical Exclusion Determination | Department of...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    862: Categorical Exclusion Determination CX-001862: Categorical Exclusion Determination Clearwater Campus District Cooling - Activity 3 CX(s) Applied: B3.6, A1, B5.1 Date: 0419...

  19. CX-004627: Categorical Exclusion Determination | Department of...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    7: Categorical Exclusion Determination CX-004627: Categorical Exclusion Determination Seneca Nation of New York Energy Audits CX(s) Applied: A1, A9, A11, B5.1 Date: 10262009...

  20. CX-002071: Categorical Exclusion Determination | Department of...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Categorical Exclusion Determination CX-002071: Categorical Exclusion Determination New York-City-Babylon, Town of CX(s) Applied: A1, A9, B5.1 Date: 04202010 Location(s):...

  1. Zone Determinant Expansions for Nuclear Lattice Simulations

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dean J. Lee; Ilse C. F. Ipsen

    2003-11-28

    We introduce a new approximation to nucleon matrix determinants that is physically motivated by chiral effective theory. The method involves breaking the lattice into spatial zones and expanding the determinant in powers of the boundary hopping parameter.

  2. CX-010239: Categorical Exclusion Determination | Department of...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Determination CX-010239: Categorical Exclusion Determination Low-Cost Gas Heat Pump for Building Space Heating CX(s) Applied: A9, B3.6 Date: 02142013 Location(s):...

  3. CX-011113: Categorical Exclusion Determination | Department of...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Exclusion Determination CX-011113: Categorical Exclusion Determination Deepwater Offshore Bat and Avian Monitoring Program CX(s) Applied: A9, B3.1, B3.16 Date: 08122013...

  4. CX-007545: Categorical Exclusion Determination | Department of...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Exclusion Determination CX-007545: Categorical Exclusion Determination Deepwater Offshore Bat and Avian Monitoring Program CX(s) Applied: A9, B3.1, B3.3, B3.16 Date: 0110...

  5. CX-000567: Categorical Exclusion Determination | Department of...

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    567: Categorical Exclusion Determination CX-000567: Categorical Exclusion Determination East Avenue East End Improvement CX(s) Applied: B1.11, B1.13 Date: 12102009 Location(s):...

  6. Categorical Exclusion Determinations: Office of Electricity Delivery...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Office of Electricity Delivery and Energy Reliability Categorical Exclusion Determinations: Office of Electricity Delivery and Energy Reliability Categorical Exclusion...

  7. Automated structure solution with the PHENIX suite

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Terwilliger, Thomas C [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Zwart, Peter H [LBNL; Afonine, Pavel V [LBNL; Grosse - Kunstleve, Ralf W [LBNL

    2008-01-01

    Significant time and effort are often required to solve and complete a macromolecular crystal structure. The development of automated computational methods for the analysis, solution, and completion of crystallographic structures has the potential to produce minimally biased models in a short time without the need for manual intervention. The PHENIX software suite is a highly automated system for macromolecular structure determination that can rapidly arrive at an initial partial model of a structure without significant human intervention, given moderate resolution, and good quality data. This achievement has been made possible by the development of new algorithms for structure determination, maximum-likelihood molecular replacement (PHASER), heavy-atom search (HySS), template- and pattern-based automated model-building (RESOLVE, TEXTAL), automated macromolecular refinement (phenix. refine), and iterative model-building, density modification and refinement that can operate at moderate resolution (RESOLVE, AutoBuild). These algorithms are based on a highly integrated and comprehensive set of crystallographic libraries that have been built and made available to the community. The algorithms are tightly linked and made easily accessible to users through the PHENIX Wizards and the PHENIX GUI.

  8. Automated Structure Solution with the PHENIX Suite

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Zwart, Peter H.; Zwart, Peter H.; Afonine, Pavel; Grosse-Kunstleve, Ralf W.; Hung, Li-Wei; Ioerger, Tom R.; McCoy, A.J.; McKee, Eric; Moriarty, Nigel; Read, Randy J.; Sacchettini, James C.; Sauter, Nicholas K.; Storoni, L.C.; Terwilliger, Tomas C.; Adams, Paul D.

    2008-06-09

    Significant time and effort are often required to solve and complete a macromolecular crystal structure. The development of automated computational methods for the analysis, solution and completion of crystallographic structures has the potential to produce minimally biased models in a short time without the need for manual intervention. The PHENIX software suite is a highly automated system for macromolecular structure determination that can rapidly arrive at an initial partial model of a structure without significant human intervention, given moderate resolution and good quality data. This achievement has been made possible by the development of new algorithms for structure determination, maximum-likelihood molecular replacement (PHASER), heavy-atom search (HySS), template and pattern-based automated model-building (RESOLVE, TEXTAL), automated macromolecular refinement (phenix.refine), and iterative model-building, density modification and refinement that can operate at moderate resolution (RESOLVE, AutoBuild). These algorithms are based on a highly integrated and comprehensive set of crystallographic libraries that have been built and made available to the community. The algorithms are tightly linked and made easily accessible to users through the PHENIX Wizards and the PHENIX GUI.

  9. Redshift-space limits of bound structures

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rolando Dünner; Andreas Reisenegger; Andrés Meza; Pablo A. Araya; Hernán Quintana

    2007-02-26

    An exponentially expanding Universe, possibly governed by a cosmological constant, forces gravitationally bound structures to become more and more isolated, eventually becoming causally disconnected from each other and forming so-called "island universes". This new scenario reformulates the question about which will be the largest structures that will remain gravitationally bound, together with requiring a systematic tool that can be used to recognize the limits and mass of these structures from observational data, namely redshift surveys of galaxies. Here we present a method, based on the spherical collapse model and N-body simulations, by which we can estimate the limits of bound structures as observed in redshift space. The method is based on a theoretical criterion presented in a previous paper that determines the mean density contrast that a spherical shell must have in order to be marginally bound to the massive structure within it. Understanding the kinematics of the system, we translated the real-space limiting conditions of this "critical" shell to redshift space, producing a projected velocity envelope that only depends on the density profile of the structure. From it we created a redshift-space version of the density contrast that we called "density estimator", which can be calibrated from N-body simulations for a reasonable projected velocity envelope template, and used to estimate the limits and mass of a structure only from its redshift-space coordinates.

  10. proteinsSTRUCTURE O FUNCTION O BIOINFORMATICS Discrimination of near-native structures

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Vajda, Sandor

    * 1 Department of Biomedical Engineering, Boston University, Boston, Massachusetts 2 Department The goal of protein­protein docking is to determine the structure of a complex in atomic detail, starting­protein docking. The basic idea of the method is to represent one of the proteins (which will be identified

  11. The Limit of Mental Structures

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mandler, George

    2013-01-01

    of constructing such structures. References A cautionaryTHE LIMIT OF MENTAL STRUCTURES Asch, S. E. , & Ebenholtz, S.100. THE LIMIT OF MENTAL STRUCTURES Halford, G. S. , Cowan,

  12. 2014 GRADUATE STUDIES STRUCTURAL ENGINEERING,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wang, Yuhang

    Health Monitoring · Structural Rel2014 GRADUATE STUDIES STRUCTURAL ENGINEERING, MECHANICS AND MATERIALS RESEARCH AREAS SELECTED COURSES FACILITIES Structural Engineering, Mechanics and Materials offers graduate instruction

  13. Identifying structural damage from images

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chen, ZhiQiang

    2009-01-01

    sensor-based structural health monitoring: Framework,al. , 2003), and structural health monitoring (e.g. Gandhiintroduction to structural health monitoring. Philosophical

  14. Formation of bulk refractive index structures

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Potter, Jr., Barrett George; Potter, Kelly Simmons; Wheeler, David R.; Jamison, Gregory M.

    2003-07-15

    A method of making a stacked three-dimensional refractive index structure in photosensitive materials using photo-patterning where first determined is the wavelength at which a photosensitive material film exhibits a change in refractive index upon exposure to optical radiation, a portion of the surfaces of the photosensitive material film is optically irradiated, the film is marked to produce a registry mark. Multiple films are produced and aligned using the registry marks to form a stacked three-dimensional refractive index structure.

  15. Structure and yarn sensor for fabric

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Mee, David K. (Knoxville, TN); Allgood, Glenn O. (Powell, TN); Mooney, Larry R. (Knoxville, TN); Duncan, Michael G. (Clinton, TN); Turner, John C. (Clinton, TN); Treece, Dale A. (Knoxville, TN)

    1998-01-01

    A structure and yarn sensor for fabric directly determines pick density in a fabric thereby allowing fabric length and velocity to be calculated from a count of the picks made by the sensor over known time intervals. The structure and yarn sensor is also capable of detecting full length woven defects and fabric. As a result, an inexpensive on-line pick (or course) density measurement can be performed which allows a loom or knitting machine to be adjusted by either manual or automatic means to maintain closer fiber density tolerances. Such a sensor apparatus dramatically reduces fabric production costs and significantly improves fabric consistency and quality for woven or knitted fabric.

  16. Process for fabricating a microelectromechanical structure

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Sniegowski, Jeffry J.; Krygowski, Thomas W.; Mani, Seethambal S.; Habermehl, Scott D.; Hetherington, Dale L.; Stevens, James E.; Resnick, Paul J.; Volk, Steven R.

    2004-10-26

    A process is disclosed for forming a microelectromechanical (MEM) structure on a substrate having from 5 to 6 or more layers of deposited and patterned polysilicon. The process is based on determining a radius of curvature of the substrate which is bowed due to accumulated stress in the layers of polysilicon and a sacrificial material used to buildup the MEM structure, and then providing one or more stress-compensation layers on a backside of the substrate to flatten the substrate and allow further processing.

  17. Determining the role of hydration forces in protein folding

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Sorenson, J.M. [Univ. of California, Berkeley, CA (United States). Dept. of Chemistry] [Univ. of California, Berkeley, CA (United States). Dept. of Chemistry; Hura, G. [Univ. of California, Berkeley, CA (United States)] [Univ. of California, Berkeley, CA (United States); [Lawrence Berkeley National Lab., CA (United States). Life Sciences Div.; Soper, A.K. [Rutherford Appleton Lab., Didcot (United Kingdom). ISIS Facility] [Rutherford Appleton Lab., Didcot (United Kingdom). ISIS Facility; Pertsemlidis, A. [Univ. of Texas Southwestern Medical Center, Dallas, TX (United States). Dept. of Biochemistry] [Univ. of Texas Southwestern Medical Center, Dallas, TX (United States). Dept. of Biochemistry; Head-Gordon, T. [Lawrence Berkeley National Lab., CA (United States)] [Lawrence Berkeley National Lab., CA (United States)

    1999-07-01

    One of the primary issues in protein folding is determining what forces drive folding and eventually stabilize the native state. A delicate balance exists between electrostatic forces such as hydrogen bonding and salt bridges, and the hydrophobic effect, which are present for both intramolecular protein interactions and intermolecular contributions with the surrounding aqueous environment. This article describes a combined experimental, theoretical, and computational effort to show how the complexity of aqueous hydration can influence the structure, folding and aggregation, and stability of model protein systems. The unification of the theoretical and experimental work is the development or discovery of effective amino acid interactions that implicitly include the effects of aqueous solvent. The authors show that consideration of the full range of complexity of aqueous hydration forces such as many-body effects, long-ranged character of aqueous solvation, and the assumptions made about the degree of protein hydrophobicity can directly impact the observed structure, folding, and stability of model protein systems.

  18. Cosmogony of Generic Structures

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    T. Buchert

    1994-12-19

    The problem of formation of generic structures in the Universe is addressed, whereby first the kinematics of inertial continua for coherent initial data is considered. The generalization to self--gravitating continua is outlined focused on the classification problem of singularities and metamorphoses arising in the density field. Self--gravity gives rise to an internal hierarchy of structures, and, dropping the assumption of coherence, also to an external hierarchy of structures dependent on the initial power spectrum of fluctuations.

  19. Impact of Structures from the Protein Structure Initiative

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hendrickson, Wayne A.

    Impact of Structures from the Protein Structure Initiative Wayne A. Hendrickson1,2,* 1Howard Hughes efforts of the Protein Structure Initiative (PSI) have so far produced over 2700 protein structures (http these structures and what might be the future impact of this knowledge? In the case of conventional structural

  20. -structures and s-structures: Translating the iteration Gunter Fuchs

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fuchs, Gunter

    -structures and s-structures: Translating the iteration strategies Gunter Fuchs Westf -structures to iterable s-structures and vice versa. To this end, I analyze how the translation functions. Both of these papers are based on my dissertation. In the first part, I intro- duced -structures and s-structures

  1. Integrated structural health monitoring.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Farrar, C. R. (Charles R.)

    2001-01-01

    Structural health monitoring is the implementation of a damage detection strategy for aerospace, civil and mechanical engineering infrastructure. Typical damage experienced by this infrastructure might be the development of fatigue cracks, degradation of structural connections, or bearing wear in rotating machinery. The goal of the research effort reported herein is to develop a robust and cost-effective structural health monitoring solution by integrating and extending technologies from various engineering and information technology disciplines. It is the authors opinion that all structural health monitoring systems must be application specific. Therefore, a specific application, monitoring welded moment resisting steel frame connections in structures subjected to seismic excitation, is described along with the motivation for choosing this application. The structural health monitoring solution for this application will integrate structural dynamics, wireless data acquisition, local actuation, micro-electromechanical systems (MEMS) technology, and statistical pattern recognition algorithms. The proposed system is based on an assessment of the deficiencies associated with many current structural health monitoring technologies including past efforts by the authors. This paper provides an example of the integrated approach to structural health monitoring being undertaken at Los Alamos National Laboratory and summarizes progress to date on various aspects of the technology development.

  2. Effective Incentive Structures

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Presents an in-depth look at effective incentive structures, how to clarify your program goals, and tips to plan for the long term.

  3. Communication and Structured Correlation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wagner, Elliott

    2009-01-01

    evolution of animal communication: Reliability and deceptiony ORIGINAL ARTICLE Communication and Structured CorrelationMy results show that communication with neighbors is more

  4. Neutron reflecting supermirror structure

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Wood, James L. (Drayton Plains, MI)

    1992-01-01

    An improved neutron reflecting supermirror structure comprising a plurality of stacked sets of bilayers of neutron reflecting materials. The improved neutron reflecting supermirror structure is adapted to provide extremely good performance at high incidence angles, i.e. up to four time the critical angle of standard neutron mirror structures. The reflection of neutrons striking the supermirror structure at a high critical angle provides enhanced neutron throughput, and hence more efficient and economical use of neutron sources. One layer of each set of bilayers consist of titanium, and the second layer of each set of bilayers consist of an alloy of nickel with carbon interstitially present in the nickel alloy.

  5. Information Structure in Discourse 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Traat, Maarika

    The present dissertation proposes integrating Discourse Representation Theory (DRT), information structure (IS) and Combinatory Categorial Grammar (CCG) into a single framework. It achieves this by making two new ...

  6. Controlling Graphene's Electronic Structure

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Controlling Graphene's Electronic Structure Print Wednesday, 25 April 2007 00:00 Graphene, because of its unusual electron properties, reduced dimensionality, and scale, has...

  7. Structural Health Monitoring Tools

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    SHMTools SHMTools is a MATLAB package that facilitates the construction of structural health monitoring (SHM) processes. The package provides a set of functions or- ganized into...

  8. Structural Health Monitoring Tools

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Figueiredo, E., Park, G., Figueiras, J., Farrar, C., & Worden, K. (2009). Structural Health Monitoring Algorithm Comparisons using Standard Data Sets. Los Alamos National...

  9. Structural Health Monitoring Tools

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Figueiredo, E., Park, G., Figueiras, J., Farrar, C., and Worden, K. (2009). Structural Health Monitoring Algorithm Comparisons Using Standard Datasets, Los Alamos National...

  10. Structures and Functions of Oligosaccharins

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Albersheim, Peter

    1995-12-01

    We have made considerable progress during the 2.5 year funding period just ending in our studies of the structures and functions of oligosaccharide signal molecules (oligosaccharins). We have emphasized studies of the enzymes that solubilize, process, and degrade oligosaccharins and of the proteins that inhibit those enzymes. We have been especially interested in elucidating how oligosaccharins and their processing enzymes participate in determining the outcome of challenges to plants by pathogenic microbes. We have studied, to a lesser extent, the roles of oligosaccharins in plant growth and development. Abstracts of papers describing results acquired with support from this grant that have been published, submitted, or in preparation are presented to summarize the progress made during the last two and one half years. The report highlights the most important contributions made in our oiigosaccharin research during this time period, and the corresponding abstract is referenced. Results of work in progress are described primarily in conjunction with our application for continued support.

  11. Hydration structure on crystalline silica substrates

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Argyris, Dr. Dimitrios [University of Oklahoma; Cole, David R [ORNL; Striolo, Alberto [Oklahoma University

    2009-01-01

    The structure of interfacial water at the silica solid surfaces was investigated using molecular dynamics simulations. Different degrees of surface hydroxylation where employed to assess the effect of the surface chemistry on the structure of interfacial water. Density profiles, in-plane radial distribution functions, in-plane density distribution, and hydrogen bond profiles were calculated to quantify these effects. Our results show that the surface hydroxylation affects the structure, orientation, and hydrogen bond network of interfacial water molecules. Data analysis suggests that the degree of hydroxylation controls the amount of water molecules in the first interfacial layer as well as the distance between the first adsorbed layer and the substrate. Well-organized and uniform structures of interfacial water appear on the homogeneously hydroxylated surface, while a heterogeneous interfacial structure, characterized by extensive water-water hydrogen bonds, forms on the partially hydroxylated surface. We demonstrate that both the local surface chemistry and water-water hydrogen bonds are the dominant factors that determine the structural properties of interfacial water.

  12. FRACTURE FAILURE CRITERIA OF SOFC PEN STRUCTURE

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Liu, Wenning N.; Sun, Xin; Khaleel, Mohammad A.; Qu, Jianmin

    2007-04-30

    Thermal stresses and warpage of the PEN are unavoidable due to the temperature changes from the stress-free sintering temperature to room temperature and mismatch of the coefficients of thermal expansion (CTE) of various layers in the PEN structures of solid oxide fuel cells (SOFC) during the PEN manufacturing process. In the meantime, additional mechanical stresses will also be created by mechanical flattening during the stack assembly process. The porous nature of anode and cathode in the PEN structures determines presence of the initial flaws and crack on the interfaces of anode/electrolyte/cathode and in the interior of the materials. The sintering/assembling induced stresses may cause the fracture failure of PEN structure. Therefore, fracture failure criteria for SOFC PEN structures is developed in order to ensure the structural integrity of the cell and stack of SOFC. In this paper, the fracture criteria based on the relationship between the critical energy release rate and critical curvature and maximum displacement of the warped cells caused by the temperature changes as well as mechanical flattening process is established so that possible failure of SOFC PEN structures may be predicted deterministically by the measurement of the curvature and displacement of the warped cells.

  13. Optoelectronic Mounting Structure

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Anderson, Gene R. (Albuquerque, NM); Armendariz, Marcelino G. (Albuquerque, NM); Baca, Johnny R. F. (Albuquerque, NM); Bryan, Robert P. (Albuquerque, NM); Carson, Richard F. (Albuquerque, NM); Chu, Dahwey (Albuquerque, NM); Duckett, III, Edwin B. (Albuquerque, NM); McCormick, Frederick B. (Albuquerque, NM); Peterson, David W. (Sandia Park, NM); Peterson, Gary D. (Albuquerque, NM); Reber, Cathleen A. (Corrales, NM); Reysen, Bill H. (Lafayette, CO)

    2004-10-05

    An optoelectronic mounting structure is provided that may be used in conjunction with an optical transmitter, receiver or transceiver module. The mounting structure may be a flexible printed circuit board. Thermal vias or heat pipes in the head region may transmit heat from the mounting structure to the heat spreader. The heat spreader may provide mechanical rigidity or stiffness to the heat region. In another embodiment, an electrical contact and ground plane may pass along a surface of the head region so as to provide an electrical contact path to the optoelectronic devices and limit electromagnetic interference. In yet another embodiment, a window may be formed in the head region of the mounting structure so as to provide access to the heat spreader. Optoelectronic devices may be adapted to the heat spreader in such a manner that the devices are accessible through the window in the mounting structure.

  14. LMS-based method for damage detection applied to Phase II of Structural Health Monitoring benchmark problem 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Preston, Robin Huckaby

    2006-08-16

    Structural Health Monitoring (SHM) is the process of monitoring the state of a structure to determine the existence, location, and degree of damage that may exist within the entire structure. A structureÂ?s health or level of damage can be monitored...

  15. Structural genomics of minimal organisms and protein fold space Sung-Hou Kim1,2,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Structural genomics of minimal organisms and protein fold space Sung-Hou Kim1,2, *, Dong Hae Shin2: Berkeley Structural Genomics Center, minimal organisms, molecular function, protein fold space, structural determination. The results from the pipeline substantially increased the coverage of the protein fold space of M

  16. APPROACH TO HEALTH MONITORING OFAN AIRCRAFT STRUCTURE WITH RESISTIVE LADDER SENSORS DURING

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    APPROACH TO HEALTH MONITORING OFAN AIRCRAFT STRUCTURE WITH RESISTIVE LADDER SENSORS DURING FULL ladder sensors for health monitoring of an aircraft structure. Cracks forming can affect significantly and its size determination is one of the basic aims for Structural Health Monitoring (SHM) system

  17. Mining the Structural Genomics Pipeline: Identification of Protein Properties that Affect

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gerstein, Mark

    Mining the Structural Genomics Pipeline: Identification of Protein Properties that Affect High process through specialized "pipeline schematics". We find that the properties of a protein that are most the structural genomics pipeline,6 ­ 9 from target cloning, expression, purification, to structural determination

  18. THREE-DIMENSIONAL ATOMIC STRUCTURE OF NiO ZrO2(CUBIC) INTERFACES

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pennycook, Steve

    THREE-DIMENSIONAL ATOMIC STRUCTURE OF NiO± ZrO2(CUBIC) INTERFACES E. C. DICKEY{1 , V. P. DRAVID1-dimensional atomic structure of low-energy NiO±ZrO2(cubic) interfaces is determined through a combination of electron the structural and chemical aspects of the interface and associ- ated interfacial relaxation mechaubic) interface

  19. Computational Procedures for Determining Parameters in Ramberg...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    Jennings, P. C., "Periodic Response of General Yielding Structure," Journal of the Engineering Mechanics Division, ASCE, Vol. 90, No. EM2, 1964. Jennings, P. C., "Earthquake...

  20. CX-010790: Categorical Exclusion Determination | Department of...

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    evaluation of the geologic storage capacity of Miocene sediments and structures for Carbon Dioxide (CO2) sequestration (extension of performance period). CX-010790.pdf More...

  1. CX-010791: Categorical Exclusion Determination | Department of...

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    Exclusion Determination Gulf of Mexico Miocene Carbon Dioxide (CO2) Site Characterization Mega Transect CX(s) Applied: A9, A11 Date: 08142013 Location(s): Texas...

  2. Categorical Exclusion Determinations: Science | Department of...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    Determination Establishment of an Easement for Enhanced Electrical Service to the Computational Sciences Facility CX(s) Applied: B1.7 Date: 08302011 Location(s):...

  3. CX-008993: Categorical Exclusion Determination | Department of...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    CX-008993: Categorical Exclusion Determination "Continuous Processing of High Thermal Conductivity Polyethylene Fibers and Sheets CX(s) Applied: A9, B3.6 Date: 0822...

  4. CX-001717: Categorical Exclusion Determination | Department of...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    CX-001717: Categorical Exclusion Determination Application of 2-Dimensional Vertical Seismic Profile (VSP) Imaging to the Targeting of Exploration and Development Wells in a...

  5. Record of Categorical Exclusion (CX) Determination: National...

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    National Electric Transmission Congestion Study Record of Categorical Exclusion (CX) Determination: National Electric Transmission Congestion Study Based on OE's review of the...

  6. CX-010763: Categorical Exclusion Determination | Department of...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    CX-010763: Categorical Exclusion Determination Nevada Desert Research Institute- Photovoltaic Installation CX(s) Applied: B5.16 Date: 07172013 Location(s): Nevada Offices(s):...

  7. CX-003976: Categorical Exclusion Determination | Department of...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    CX-003976: Categorical Exclusion Determination Development of a High-Concentration Low-Cost Parabolic Trough System for Baseload Concentrated Solar Power Generation CX(s)...

  8. CX-007901: Categorical Exclusion Determination | Department of...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    CX-007901: Categorical Exclusion Determination Improving Atmospheric Models for Offshore Wind Resource Mapping and Prediction Using LIDAR, Aircraft, and In-Ocean...

  9. Unreviewed Safety Question Determination - Processing Waste in...

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    was used to determine facts and conditions during the Department of Energy Accident Investigation Board's investigation into the radiological release event at the Waste...

  10. Categorical Exclusion Determinations: Office of River Protection...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    2014 CX-012329: Categorical Exclusion Determination PNNL Projects Involving Small-Scale Research and Development, Laboratory Operations, and Pilot Projects in the 300 Area CX(s)...

  11. CX-002327: Categorical Exclusion Determination | Department of...

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    Determination Central Facility Area and Advanced Test Reactor-Complex Analytical and Research and Development Laboratory Operation (Overarching) CX(s) Applied: B3.6 Date: 05...

  12. CX-006209: Categorical Exclusion Determination | Department of...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Determination Missouri Independent Energy Efficiency Program: Anheuser-Busch - Brewery Energy Efficiency Retrofits CX(s) Applied: B5.1 Date: 07012011 Location(s): Saitn...

  13. CX-011250: Categorical Exclusion Determination | Department of...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Determination Transforming Photovoltaic Installations Toward Dispatchable, Schedulable Energy Solutions CX(s) Applied: B3.6, B5.15 Date: 10172013 Location(s): Oregon...

  14. CX-005950: Categorical Exclusion Determination | Department of...

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    Determination Wisconsin Clean Transportation Partnership: Riteway Bus Services Propane Fueling Infrastructure CX(s) Applied: B5.1 Date: 06012011 Location(s): Oak Creek,...

  15. CX-006893: Categorical Exclusion Determination | Department of...

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    Exclusion Determination Ohio Advanced Transportation PartnershipFrito Lay Columbus Propane Fueling Infrastructure CX(s) Applied: B5.1 Date: 09282011 Location(s): Columbus,...

  16. Morris: Noncompliance Determination (2013-SE-5403)

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    DOE issued a Notice of Noncompliance Determination to Morris Products, Inc. finding that various models of metal halide lamp fixtures do not comport with the energy conservation standards.

  17. CX-003226: Categorical Exclusion Determination | Department of...

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    Exclusion Determination Parris Island Wind Resource Assessment; National Renewable Energy Laboratory Tracking Number 10-032 CX(s) Applied: A9, B3.1 Date: 08042010...

  18. Methods for threshold determination in multiplexed assays

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Tammero, Lance F. Bentley; Dzenitis, John M; Hindson, Benjamin J

    2014-06-24

    Methods for determination of threshold values of signatures comprised in an assay are described. Each signature enables detection of a target. The methods determine a probability density function of negative samples and a corresponding false positive rate curve. A false positive criterion is established and a threshold for that signature is determined as a point at which the false positive rate curve intersects the false positive criterion. A method for quantitative analysis and interpretation of assay results together with a method for determination of a desired limit of detection of a signature in an assay are also described.

  19. Vitrification Melter Waste Incidental to Reprocessing Determination...

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    DOE Manual 435.1-1 Waste-Incidental-To-Reprocessing Determination for the West Valley Demonstration Project Vitrification Melter Vitrification Melter Waste Incidental to...

  20. CX-002194: Categorical Exclusion Determination | Department of...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    CX-002194: Categorical Exclusion Determination Install Demonstration Wind Turbine at Weldon Spring, Missouri, Site CX(s) Applied: B5.1 Date: 04282010 Location(s):...

  1. Inversion Methods for Determining Tsunami Source Amplitudes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Percival, Don

    Inversion Methods for Determining Tsunami Source Amplitudes from DART Buoy Data Don Percival: given data from DART buoys and models for unit magnitude earthquakes from various tsunami source

  2. CX-005991: Categorical Exclusion Determination | Department of...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    CX-005991: Categorical Exclusion Determination Prairie Village, Kansas Ground Source Heat Pump Relocation CX(s) Applied: B5.1 Date: 05252011 Location(s): Prairie Village,...

  3. Felix Storch: Noncompliance Determination (2010-SCE-0111)

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    DOE issued a Notice of Noncompliance Determination to Felix Storch finding that basic model FS62, a compact upright freezer, does not comport with the energy conservation standards.

  4. CX-006211: Categorical Exclusion Determination | Department of...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Exclusion Determination Missouri Independent Energy Efficiency Program: Henniges Automotive - Process Air Compressor Upgrades CX(s) Applied: B5.1 Date: 07182011 Location(s):...

  5. Watermark: Noncompliance Determination (2011-SW-2908)

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    DOE issued a Notice of Noncompliance Determination to Watermark Designs, Ltd. finding that model SH-FAL-90, a showerhead, does not comport with the water conservation standards.

  6. Mueller Streamline: Noncompliance Determination (2011-SW-2802)

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    DOE issued a Notice of Noncompliance Determination to Mueller Streamline Co. finding that faucet model 120-003NL does not comport with the water conservation standards.

  7. Zoe Industries: Noncompliance Determination (2011-SW-2912)

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    DOE issued a Notice of Noncompliance Determination to Zoe Industries, Inc. finding that Giessdorf 150043 model, a showerhead, does not comport with the water conservation standards.

  8. Secretarial Determination Pursuant to USEC Privatization Act...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    share under the 2012 Cooperative Agreement between the DOE and USEC and the American Centrifuge Demonstration, LLC. Determination 15 March 2013 - Sale or Transfer of Low-Enriched...

  9. A Structural Result for Delayed Sharing Information Structures

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mahajan, Aditya

    A Structural Result for Delayed Sharing Information Structures Ashutosh Nayyar Department of EECS@eecs.umich.edu Abstract--The n-step delayed sharing information structure is investigated. This information structure is a link between the classical information structure, where information is shared perfectly between

  10. Structural determination of the Bi(110) semimetal surface by LEED analysis and ab initio calculations

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pohl, Karsten

    , University of New Hampshire, Durham, New Hampshire 03824, USA 2Institute for Storage Ring Facilities

  11. FOURIER-TRANSFORM ANALYSIS OF NORMAL PHOTOELECTRON DIFFRACTION DATA FOR SURFACE-STRUCTURE DETERMINATION

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hussain, Z.

    2013-01-01

    Physical Review Letters FOURIER-TRANSFORM ANALYSIS OF NORMAL0 eV. (b) Magnitude of the Fourier transform IF(r)l accord·3. l.94A and V 5 eV. Fourier-transform derived distances ZF

  12. FOURIER-TRANSFORM ANALYSIS OF NORMAL PHOTOELECTRON DIFFRACTION DATA FOR SURFACE-STRUCTURE DETERMINATION

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hussain, Z.

    2013-01-01

    Academy of Sciences USA FOURIER-TRANSFORM ANALYSIS OF NORMALeV. (b) Magnitude of the Fourier transform IF(r)l accordingV 0 = 5 eV. Figure 3. Fourier-transform derived distances ZF

  13. Biochemical Characterization and Structure Determination of a Prolyl 4-Hydroxylase-like Protein from Bacillus anthracis

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Culpepper, Megen

    2009-06-05

    .2 Representation of peptide-solvent hydrogen bonding (black lines) network in collagen. H 2 O molecules (cyan) stabilize colagen triple helix with both interchain and intrachain hydrogen bonding through H 2 O bridges. Figure reproduced from PDB:1CAG with Pymol. 6...

  14. Determination of Fire Induced Collapse Mechanisms of Multi-Storey Steel Framed Structures 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jowsey, Allan; Torero, Jose L; Usmani, Asif; Lane, Barbara; Lamont, Susan

    Following the events of September 11th 2001, understanding the performance of multi-storey buildings during large-scale fires has assumed greater importance. These events have highlighted the possibility of large uncontrolled ...

  15. Unambiguous atomic structural determination of single-walled carbon nanotubes by electron diffraction

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Research Center of Finland, Biologinkuja 7, P.O. Box 1000, FIN-02044 VTT, Finland b NanoMaterials Group-02044 VTT, Finland Received 16 June 2006; accepted 18 July 2006 Available online 11 December 2006

  16. Methods for Determination of Structure and Kinetics in the Study of Macromolecules Using Dissolution DNP NMR 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chen, Hsueh-Ying

    2015-05-07

    device for D-DNP spectroscopy using a flow NMR probe. b) Timing diagram of sample injection. c) NMR pulse sequence for [13C,1H]-HSQC Hadamard experiment utilizing 13C hyper- polarization... magnetic field (800 MHz) in real time7 by acquiring multi-dimensional NMR spectra. Two important keys are respon- sible for success of this experiment. First, NMR acquisition time for multi-dimensional spectra is greatly reduced by implementing fast pulsing...

  17. Relative Damaging Ability Of Galactic Cosmic Rays Determined Using Monte Carlo Simulations Of Track Structure 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cox, Bradley

    2012-10-19

    ..................................................................... 15 4 Delta rays are produced when the primary ion passes and receive kinetic energy based on the angle and impact parameter ........................... 19 5 Electron penetration distance in water vs. kinetic energy... of 100 keV um-1 in a 1 µm thick water slab .................... 43 10 Spectrum of energy deposition events in a 1 µm thick water slab for ions having equal velocities of 600 MeV n-1 ........................................ 44 11 Si-28 ion...

  18. The structure of the head of an inertial gravity current determined by particle-tracking velocimetry

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dalziel, Stuart

    and solids issuing from volcanic eruptions. Oil spillage on the sea surface, spreading of hot water and clefts. Experimental studies have also focused on a two-dimensional view of the cur- rent, where

  19. De novo protein crystal structure determination from X-ray free-electron laser data

    DOE Data Explorer [Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)]

    Barends, Thomas, R.M.

    Serial femtosecond crystallography (SFX) data of microcrystals of a lysozyme gadolinium derivative. The data was used to demonstrate de-novo phasing by single anomalous dispersion.

  20. Structural Determinants for Signal Sequence Function in the Mammalian Endoplasmic Reticulum*

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nicchitta, Chris

    bearing the LamB signal peptide (LamB) were targeted in a sig- nal recognition particle (SRP the signal sequence of LamB-bearing precursors assumes a conformation re- fractory to translocation and suggest that SRP, by main- taining the signal sequence in a conformation suitable for membrane binding

  1. Structural determination of triclosan derivatives as inhibitors of Plasmodium falciparum enoyl reductase (PfENR) 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lucumi Moreno, Edinson

    2007-04-25

    -malaria drugs is necessary in modern days. Recent studies have shown that the parasite synthesizes fatty acids using a fatty acid synthase type II (FAS-II) instead of a type-I fatty acid synthase (FAS-I) that is present in other eukaryotes. Plasmodium falciparum...

  2. Lipid Bilayer Structure Determined by the Simultaneous Analysis of Neutron and X-Ray Scattering Data

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nagle, John F.

    Jackson,** and John Katsaras*yyzz *Canadian Neutron Beam Centre, National Research Council, Chalk River River Laboratories, Chalk River, Ontario K0J 1J0, Canada; **National Institute of Standards; { Department of Chemistry, Wabash College, Crawfordsville, Indiana 47933; k Atomic Energy of Canada, Chalk

  3. Preparation of Oriented, Fully Hydrated Lipid Samples for Structure Determination Using X-Ray Scattering

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nagle, John F.

    "the rock and roll method," which is basically a solvent evaporation technique with controlled manual. Atomic force microscopy is used to compare samples prepared using the rock and roll method with those prepared by spin-coating, which produces well-oriented but less homogeneous lipid stacks. These samples can

  4. De novo protein crystal structure determination from X-ray free-electron laser data

    DOE Data Explorer [Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)]

    Barends, Thomas, R.M.

    2013-11-25

    Serial femtosecond crystallography (SFX) data of microcrystals of a lysozyme gadolinium derivative. The data was used to demonstrate de-novo phasing by single anomalous dispersion.

  5. Dispersal strength determines meta-com-munity structure in a dendritic riverine

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Olden, Julian D.

    Phillipsen1 , Tiffany A. Schriever2 and David A. Lytle1 1 Department of Integrative Biology, Oregon State

  6. Derivative-free optimization methods for surface structure determination of nanosystems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Meza, Juan C.; Garcia-Lekue, Arantzazu; Abramson, Mark A.; Dennis, John E.

    2007-01-01

    elec- tron diffraction ( LEED ) method, which uses a high-?the low energy electron diffraction ( LEED ) method [1, 2].LEED involves the use of an electron gun to bombard a sample

  7. NORMAL EMISSION PHOTOELECTRON DIFFRACTION: A NEW TECHNIQUE FOR DETERMINING SURFACE STRUCTURE

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kevan, S.D.

    2010-01-01

    Surface Crystallography by LEED, Springer Verlag, 1979. 22.while PhD will never replace LEED, it may provide useful,Small mean-free-paths in the LEED energy range result in

  8. The structure of formate species on Pd(111) calculated by density functional theory and determined using

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Saldin, Dilano

    spectroscopy (RAIRS). The oxygen atoms of the formate species were found to be adsorbed over surface palladium 2004 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved. Keywords: Palladium; Formic acid; Infrared spectroscopy; Low and hydrogen invokes the formation of a stable carboxylate that hydroge- nates to yield alcohols over supported

  9. Rapid global structure determination of large RNA and RNA complexes using

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of NaturalDukeWakefieldSulfateSciTech ConnectSpeedingConnect PulseSummary (Programbatteries as identified by in situNMR

  10. Structure determination of (*3x*3)R30{sup o} boron phase on the Si(111)

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of NaturalDukeWakefieldSulfateSciTechtail. (Conference)Feedback System inStatus of theSciTechin aCrystals 2015,surface using

  11. CX-011847: Categorical Exclusion Determination | Department of...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    CX-011847: Categorical Exclusion Determination CX-011847: Categorical Exclusion Determination Routine Maintenance Activities CX(s) Applied: B1.3, B1.4, B1.5, B1.6, B1.7, B1.8,...

  12. Optimization of tensegrity structures

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Marzari, Quentin

    2014-01-01

    This thesis presents a new approach to solve the optimization of articulated structures and especially looks into the performance of tensegrity systems compared to regular trusses. Volume is the objective to minimize and ...

  13. Essays on market structure 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ruan, Feng

    2012-06-26

    Some of the most important work in the development of economic theory is associated with the study of market structure. In essence, most markets are two-sided. For example, product markets connect tens of thousands of ...

  14. Optical method for determining the mechanical properties of a material

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Maris, Humphrey J. (Barrington, RI); Stoner, Robert J. (Duxbury, MA)

    1998-01-01

    Disclosed is a method for characterizing a sample, comprising the steps of: (a) acquiring data from the sample using at least one probe beam wavelength to measure, for times less than a few nanoseconds, a change in the reflectivity of the sample induced by a pump beam; (b) analyzing the data to determine at least one material property by comparing a background signal component of the data with data obtained for a similar delay time range from one or more samples prepared under conditions known to give rise to certain physical and chemical material properties; and (c) analyzing a component of the measured time dependent reflectivity caused by ultrasonic waves generated by the pump beam using the at least one determined material property. The first step of analyzing may include a step of interpolating between reference samples to obtain an intermediate set of material properties. The material properties may include sound velocity, density, and optical constants. In one embodiment, only a correlation is made with the background signal, and at least one of the structural phase, grain orientation, and stoichiometry is determined.

  15. Optical method for determining the mechanical properties of a material

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Maris, H.J.; Stoner, R.J.

    1998-12-01

    Disclosed is a method for characterizing a sample, comprising the steps of: (a) acquiring data from the sample using at least one probe beam wavelength to measure, for times less than a few nanoseconds, a change in the reflectivity of the sample induced by a pump beam; (b) analyzing the data to determine at least one material property by comparing a background signal component of the data with data obtained for a similar delay time range from one or more samples prepared under conditions known to give rise to certain physical and chemical material properties; and (c) analyzing a component of the measured time dependent reflectivity caused by ultrasonic waves generated by the pump beam using the at least one determined material property. The first step of analyzing may include a step of interpolating between reference samples to obtain an intermediate set of material properties. The material properties may include sound velocity, density, and optical constants. In one embodiment, only a correlation is made with the background signal, and at least one of the structural phase, grain orientation, and stoichiometry is determined. 14 figs.

  16. Determination of the Galactic Rotation Curve from OB Stars

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bobylev, V V

    2015-01-01

    We consider three samples of O- and B-type stars from the solar neighborhood 0.6--4 kpc for which we have taken the distances, line-of-sight velocities, and proper motions from published sources. The first sample contains 120 massive spectroscopic binaries. O stars with spectroscopic distances from Patriarchi et al. constitute the second sample. The third sample consists of 168 OB3 stars whose distances have been determined from interstellar calcium lines. The angular velocity of Galactic rotation at the solar distance $\\Omega_0,$ its two derivatives $\\Omega'_0$ and $\\Omega"_0,$ and the peculiar velocity components of the Sun $(U,V,W)_\\odot$ are shown to be well determined from all three samples of stars. They are determined with the smallest errors from the sample of spectroscopic binary stars and the sample of stars with the calcium distance scale. The fine structure of the velocity field associated with the influence of the Galactic spiral density wave clearly manifests itself in the radial velocities of s...

  17. Structural transition and amorphization in compressed ? - Sb 2 O 3

    DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

    Zhao, Zhao; Zeng, Qiaoshi; Zhang, Haijun; Wang, Shibing; Hirai, Shigeto; Zeng, Zhidan; Mao, Wendy L.

    2015-05-27

    Sb?O?-based materials are of broad interest in materials science and industry. High-pressure study using diamond anvil cells shows promise in obtaining new crystal and electronic structures different from their pristine states. Here, we conducted in situ angle dispersive synchrotron x-ray-diffraction and Raman spectroscopy experiments on ?-Sb?O? up to 50 GPa with neon as the pressure transmitting medium. A first-order structural transition was observed in between 15 and 20 GPa, where the cubic phase I gradually transformed into a layered tetragonal phase II through structural distortion and symmetry breaking. To explain the dramatic changes in sample color and transparency, we performedmore »first-principles calculations to track the evolution of its density of states and electronic structure under pressure. At higher pressure, a sluggish amorphization was observed. Our results highlight the structural connections among the sesquioxides, where the lone electron pair plays an important role in determining the local structures.« less

  18. Polytopes and Nuclear Structure

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Roger Ellman

    2010-12-11

    While the parameters of atomic nuclei, Z and A, indicate a general structural pattern for the nuclei, their exact masses in their fine differences seem not to exhibit the orderly kind of logical system that systematic and orderly nature must exhibit. Appropriate analysis discloses an orderly structure among all the nuclear types and isotopes. A component of that analysis and logical order is the family of geometric forms called polytopes, in particular the regular polyhedrons.

  19. Structure function monitor

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    McGraw, John T. (Placitas, NM); Zimmer, Peter C. (Albuquerque, NM); Ackermann, Mark R. (Albuquerque, NM)

    2012-01-24

    Methods and apparatus for a structure function monitor provide for generation of parameters characterizing a refractive medium. In an embodiment, a structure function monitor acquires images of a pupil plane and an image plane and, from these images, retrieves the phase over an aperture, unwraps the retrieved phase, and analyzes the unwrapped retrieved phase. In an embodiment, analysis yields atmospheric parameters measured at spatial scales from zero to the diameter of a telescope used to collect light from a source.

  20. Mechanics of Materials and Structures

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pellegrino, Sergio

    Journal of Mechanics of Materials and Structures A ZERO-STIFFNESS ELASTIC SHELL STRUCTURE Simon D publishers #12;JOURNAL OF MECHANICS OF MATERIALS AND STRUCTURES Vol. 6, No. 1-4, 2011 msp A ZERO-STIFFNESS ELASTIC SHELL STRUCTURE SIMON D. GUEST, ELIZBAR KEBADZE AND SERGIO PELLEGRINO A remarkable shell structure

  1. alpha(s) Determinations from Jets and Scaling Violations at HERA

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Thomas Kluge

    2006-10-13

    A review is given on recent alpha(s) determinations from the H1 and ZEUS Collaborations. These are based on measurements of jet cross sections, event shape variables, as well as on the observed scaling violation of the structure function F_2. A HERA average on alpha(s)(m_Z) is presented, in comparison with world mean values.

  2. The HapMap project has raised high hopes for mapping genetic determinants of complex human

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rosenberg, Noah

    The HapMap project has raised high hopes for mapping genetic determinants of complex human disease for mapping studies in human populations around the world. The HapMap project has characterized haplotype structures across the genome for four human populations with the goal of enabling genome-wide sets of SNPs

  3. Patterns of Proliferative Activity in the Colonic Crypt Determine Crypt Stability and Rates of Somatic Evolution

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    , United States of America Abstract Epithelial cells in the colon are arranged in cylindrical structures States, accounting for 9% of all cancer deaths [1]. This large incidence can be partially attributedPatterns of Proliferative Activity in the Colonic Crypt Determine Crypt Stability and Rates

  4. Determining Price Reasonableness in Federal ESPCs

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Shonder, J.A.

    2005-03-08

    This document reports the findings and implementation recommendations of the Price Reasonableness Working Group to the Federal ESPC Steering Committee. The working group was formed to address concerns of agencies and oversight organizations related to pricing and fair and reasonable price determination in federal energy savings performance contracts (ESPCs). This report comprises the working group's recommendations and is the proposed draft of a training curriculum on fair and reasonable price determination for users of federal ESPCs. The report includes: (1) A review of federal regulations applicable to determining price reasonableness of federal ESPCs (section 2), (2) Brief descriptions of the techniques described in Federal Acquisition Regulations (FAR) 15.404-1 and their applicability to ESPCs (section 3), and (3) Recommended strategies and procedures for cost-effectively completing price reasonableness determinations (sections 4). Agencies have struggled with fair and reasonable price determinations in their ESPCs primarily because this alternative financing vehicle is relatively new and relatively rare in the federal sector. The methods of determining price reasonableness most familiar to federal contracting officers (price competition based on the government's design and specifications, in particular) are generally not applicable to ESPCs. The regulatory requirements for determining price reasonableness in federal ESPCs have also been misunderstood, as federal procurement professionals who are inexperienced with ESPCs are further confused by multiple directives, including Executive Order 13123, which stresses life-cycle cost-effectiveness. Uncertainty about applicable regulations and inconsistent practice and documentation among agencies have fueled claims that price reasonableness determinations have not been sufficiently rigorous in federal ESPCs or that the prices paid in ESPCs are generally higher than the prices paid for similar goods and services obtained through conventional procurements. While claims of excessive prices are largely unsubstantiated and based on anecdotal evidence, the perception that there is a problem is shared by many in the ESPC community and has been noted by auditors and oversight organizations. The Price Reasonableness Working Group determined that a more formal emphasis on FAR 15.404-1 in the ESPC process could remove much of the doubt about price reasonableness determinations. The working group's recommended consensus policy on price reasonableness stresses the price analysis techniques described in the FAR that are applicable to ESPCs and includes guidance for agencies use of these techniques in determining price reasonableness for their ESPC delivery orders. The recommended policy and guidance, if communicated to federal ESPC stakeholders, can ensure that agencies will comply with the FAR in awarding ESPCs, obtain fair and reasonable prices and best value for the government, and follow procedures that provide auditable documentation of due diligence in price reasonableness determinations.

  5. K-25 Structural Separation and Demolition

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Cater, Frank [Bechtel Jacobs Company, LLC, East Tennessee Technology Park, Post Office Box 4699, Oak Ridge, TN 37831 (United States)

    2008-01-15

    The K-25 building is a former gaseous diffusion plant, built in 1944-1945 as part of the United States Manhattan Project. The structure was the largest structure under one roof, surpassed only by the Pentagon. Together the three wings represent about 17.8 hectare (44 acres) under roof and are generally about 18.3 meters (60 ft.) high on the outside face and approximately 12.2 meters (40 ft.) high on the inside face. The entire structure was built in the shape of a 'U', with a lateral distance of approximately one mile. It was constructed in individual building units with each unit connected using expansion joint-type connection. A single unit is approximately 24.4 meters (80 ft.) across and 122 meters (400 ft.) deep. The northern structure is connected to the eastern and western structures at the upper level floors. The four-level, U-shaped building is a steel-frame structure with corrugated cement-asbestos siding. The cell level is an elevated concrete structure supported by reinforced concrete columns located in the basement, or vault area. The vault area can be accessed at grade level from the outside perimeter. Inside the courtyard, the grade level has been raised to provide entry to the second or cell floor level. An engineering evaluation of the structure was performed to determine the condition of the structure and possibility of unplanned collapse of any portion of the structure. The evaluation included physical inspections, calculations for wind, pre-demolition loads, and evaluation of failure modes. The results of the evaluation have provided guidance for the demolition plan and the development of criteria for protection of personnel performing pre-demolition activities. Challenges include degradation of the structure that necessitated repair, dealing with changes in the code revisions from both the American Concrete Institute (ACI) and the American Institute of Steel Construction (AISC), access to areas of the structure that were not necessarily designed for access, and acceleration of the building degradation due to the pre-demolition activities. When a full building is evaluated, 50 percent of wind and applied forces are dissipated in 3 units and 80 percent is dissipated in 12 units. The forces are basically linear for the first 6 units once the building is opened at the start of demolition. Some column buckling, based on current codes, was noted in the analysis that would have to be mitigated to ensure a controlled demolition. Loading for the removal of the equipment required structural engineering evaluation of the certainty of the load and the application of the load. Corbels are being evaluated through an inspection program and criteria for repair based on current loading and anticipated additional live loads. Access issues continue to be a challenge and have created the need for a significant fall protection program. Other areas of access require different approaches and engineering solutions, sometime considering ultimate strength design versus standard yield stress design. An evaluation of separating a wing into two sections to allow for worker re-entry to perform pre-demolition activities during the demolition off shift was conducted. The evaluation has shown that because of both design and history of the K-25 and K-27 Buildings, significant care and attention is needed to demolish these structures from a structural perspective. When the project schedule issues are overlaid, that may demand workers in other parts of the structure after demolition has begun, the structural issues become severe, demanding exacting analysis and significant controls to ensure the safety of the workers both in and outside the building performing the demolition work.

  6. Micro-Hotplates for Thermal Characterisation of Structural Materials of Mems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    P. Furjes; P. Csikvari; I. Bársony; Cs. Ducso

    2008-01-07

    Accurate knowledge of mechanical and thermal properties of structural materials used in MEMS is essential for optimum geometric and functional design. The extraction of precise physical properties is rather complicated due to the size effects, the complexity of the structures and the variations of formation processes. This work is intended to determine the thermal properties of silicon-nitride and diamond layers applied in thermal sensor structures by analyzing thermal responses of a multilayer micro-heater structure.

  7. An investigation of thermal spray structural reaction injection molded composites 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hill, Bryan William

    1996-01-01

    the glass reinforcement so that a high quality reaction injection molded composite part may be reliably designed, modeled, and fabricated. Analyses of fiber volume fraction, mechanical properties, and structural perforinance are employed to determine... the behavior of the reinforcement and to correlate material properties with part performance. Once the mechanical properties are determined, the finite element inethod is employed to predict the load-deflection response of an SRIM composite beam. DEDICATION...

  8. Investigating the durability of structures

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Saba, Dana (Dana Walid)

    2013-01-01

    The durability of structures is one of primary concerns in the engineering industry. Poor durability in design may result in a structure losing its performance to the extent where structural integrity is no longer satisfied ...

  9. Determination of diffusion coefficient for unsaturated soils 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sood, Eeshani

    2005-08-29

    The structures constructed on unsaturated soils are damaged by the movement of the soil underneath. The movement is basically due to the flow of moisture in and out of the soil. This change in moisture also affects the ...

  10. ENVIRONMENTAL REVIEW FOR CATEGORICAL EXCLUSION DETERMINATION

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    along the Archer-Cheyenne South (ARH-CH S) and Archer-Cheyenne North (ARH-CH N) 115-kV Transmission Lines. The structures were identified as deficient and in need of replacement...

  11. CX-001627: Categorical Exclusion Determination | Department of...

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    updated design of the NR cask and will be more robust structurally and provide more shielding than the current NR Casks. Construction of two TRCs is nearly finished and the INL...

  12. Secretarial Determination of No Adverse Material Impact for Uranium...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Secretarial Determination of No Adverse Material Impact for Uranium Transfers Secretarial Determination of No Adverse Material Impact for Uranium Transfers The determination covers...

  13. Lutron Electronics: Noncompliance Determination (2012-SE-3796)

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    DOE issued a Notice of Noncompliance Determination to Lutron Electronics Co., Inc. finding that a variety of Class A external power supply basic models do not comport with the energy conservation standards.

  14. CX-008995: Categorical Exclusion Determination | Department of...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    CX-008995: Categorical Exclusion Determination "Development of Integrated Die Casting Process For Large Thin-Wall Magnesium Applications CX(s) Applied: A9, B3.6 Date: 08...

  15. Determination of thermal neutron capture gamma yields

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Harper, Thomas Lawrence

    1969-01-01

    A method of analysing Ge(Li) thermal neutron capture gamma spectra to obtain total gamma yields has been developed. Tie method determines both the yields from the well resolved gamma peaks in a spectrum as well as the gamma ...

  16. Determination of thermal neutron capture gamma yields.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Harper, Thomas Lawrence

    1969-01-01

    A method of analysing Ge(Li) thermal neutron capture gamma spectra to obtain total gamma yields has been developed. Tie method determines both the yields from the well resolved gamma peaks in a spectrum as well as the gamma ...

  17. CX-010693: Categorical Exclusion Determination | Department of...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    CX-010693: Categorical Exclusion Determination Conversion of Waste Carbon Dioxide and Shale Gas to High Value Chemicals CX(s) Applied: A9, B3.6 Date: 07012013 Location(s): New...

  18. Cone Penetrometer N Factor Determination Testing Results

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Follett, Jordan R.

    2014-03-05

    This document contains the results of testing activities to determine the empirical 'N Factor' for the cone penetrometer in kaolin clay simulant. The N Factor is used to releate resistance measurements taken with the cone penetrometer to shear strength.

  19. CX-010860: Categorical Exclusion Determination | Department of...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Determination Repair Roof at 192-2K CX(s) Applied: B1.3 Date: 07112013 Location(s): South Carolina Offices(s): Savannah River Operations Office C.E. Bourne, a subcontractor,...

  20. Felix Storch: Noncompliance Determination (2011-SE-1420)

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    DOE issued a Notice of Noncompliance Determination to Felix Storch, Inc., finding that model number CF11ES, a chest freezer does not comport with the energy conservation standards.

  1. Midea: Noncompliance Determination (2010-SE-0110)

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    DOE issued a Notice of Noncompliance Determination to Midea America Corporation finding that basic model number HS-390C, a chest freezer, does not comport with the energy conservation standards.

  2. Golden Opportunity: Noncompliance Determination (2013-SE-1418)

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    DOE issued a Notice of Noncompliance Determination to Golden Opportunity, Inc. finding that freezer models Golden GFC51 and Golden GFC69 do not comport with the energy conservation standards.

  3. CX-010234: Categorical Exclusion Determination | Department of...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Exclusion Determination Alternate Spacing Heating Systems Residential Cold Climate Heat Pump CX(s) Applied: A9, B1.31, B3.6, B5.1 Date: 02142013 Location(s): Missouri Offices(s):...

  4. Engineered Products: Noncompliance Determination (2012-SE-5401)

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    DOE issued a Notice of Noncompliance Determination to Engineered Products Company finding that basic model 15701 of metal halide lamp fixture does not comport with the energy conservation standards.

  5. Demagnetization using a determined estimated magnetic state

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Denis, Ronald J; Makowski, Nathanael J

    2015-01-13

    A method for demagnetizing comprising positioning a core within the electromagnetic field generated by a first winding until the generated first electrical current is not substantially increasing, thereby determining a saturation current. A second voltage, having the opposite polarity, is then applied across the first winding until the generated second electrical current is approximately equal to the magnitude of the determined saturation current. The maximum magnetic flux within the core is then determined using the voltage across said first winding and the second current. A third voltage, having the opposite polarity, is then applied across the first winding until the core has a magnetic flux equal to approximately half of the determined maximum magnetic flux within the core.

  6. Single camera 3D gaze determination 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Beckmann, Jeffery Linn

    2009-05-15

    In this dissertation, a new approach for determining gaze direction is presented. This approach is based on the existence of a visual axes center for the human eye, the location of which is invariant with respect to the ...

  7. Cash Flow Projection for Operating Loan Determination 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Klinefelter, Danny A.; McCorkle, Dean

    2009-02-04

    A cash flow statement is simply a record of the dollars coming in and the dollars going out of a business. This publication briefly discusses cash flow and gives a cash flow projection for operating loan determination.

  8. Categorical Exclusion Determinations: National Energy Technology...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    August 27, 2014 CX-012437: Categorical Exclusion Determination High Energy Density Lithium Battery CX(s) Applied: B3.6 Date: 41878 Location(s): New York Offices(s): National...

  9. Determination of Longitudinal Stress in Rails 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Djayaputra, Ferdinand

    2012-02-14

    The objective of this research is to determine the longitudinal stress in rails by using the polarization of Rayleigh waves. Analytical models are developed to describe the effect of applied stress on wave speed and on the polarization of Rayleigh...

  10. Youth Employment in Ghana: Conditions and Determinants 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Barrett, Zachary; Berrios, Andrea; He, Yukuai; Larsen, Sean; Novoa, Miguel; Twumasi-Ankrah, Kwame; Vega, Camille

    2015-06-11

    Youth employment, and its limitations, is a pertinent problem that most developing nations face. “Youth Employment in Ghana: Conditions and Determinants” is a student-led research project that summarizes and analyzes the conditions of youth...

  11. Determining Electric Motor Load and Efficiency

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    DETERMINING ELECTRIC MOTOR LOAD AND EFFICIENCY Most likely your operation's motors account for a large part of your monthly electric bill. Far too often motors are mismatched-or...

  12. CX-011121: Categorical Exclusion Determination | Department of...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Categorical Exclusion Determination ThermoLift - The Natural Gas Fired Air Conditioner & Heat Pump CX(s) Applied: A9, B3.6 Date: 08282013 Location(s): New York Offices(s):...

  13. CX-010503: Categorical Exclusion Determination | Department of...

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    Categorical Exclusion Determination Baseload Nitrate Salt Central Receiver Power Plant Design CX(s) Applied: A9, B3.6, B5.17 Date: 06032013 Location(s): Colorado,...

  14. CX-007544: Categorical Exclusion Determination | Department of...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Categorical Exclusion Determination Demonstration of Variable Speed Permanent Magnet Generator at Small, Low-Head Hydro Site CX(s) Applied: A9, B2.2, B5.15, B5.25 Date: 01042012...

  15. CX-002452: Categorical Exclusion Determination | Department of...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Determination Assessment of the Environmental Effects of Hydrokinetic Turbines on Fish CX(s) Applied: B3.3 Date: 06022010 Location(s): California Office(s): Energy...

  16. Aspen: Noncompliance Determination (2010-SE-0305)

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    DOE issued a Notice of Noncompliance Determination to Aspen Manufacturing finding that a variety of basic models of split-system air conditioning heat pumps do not comport with the energy conservation standards.

  17. CX-010504: Categorical Exclusion Determination | Department of...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    CX-010504: Categorical Exclusion Determination Installation of Additional Wind Turbine and Tower at NWTC Site 3.2 CX(s) Applied: B5.18 Date: 06032013 Location(s):...

  18. LG: Noncompliance Determination (2014-SE-15011) | Department...

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    July 30, 2014 DOE issued a Notice of Noncompliance Determination to LG Electronics USA, Inc. finding that room air conditioner basic model LT143CNR does not comport with the...

  19. Ozone determination in different copying centers 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lai, Chen-Fu

    1993-01-01

    Photocopying machines have been in existence for forty years: however, few people recognize their potential to create a human health hazard by ozone emission. This study was designed to determine the photocopier's emission rate and evaluate tile...

  20. YMGI: Noncompliance Determination (2011-SCE-1605)

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    DOE issued a Notice of Noncompliance Determination to YMGI Group, LLC, finding that YMGI's through-the-wall split system central air conditioner basic model TTWC-18K-31B fails to meet applicable DOE energy conservation standards.