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We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
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1

Dynamical Energy Analysis - determining wave energy distributions in complex vibro-acoustical structures  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We propose a new approach towards determining the distribution of mechanical and acoustic wave energy in complex built-up structures. The technique interpolates between standard Statistical Energy Analysis (SEA) and full ray tracing containing both these methods as limiting case. By writing the flow of ray trajectories in terms of linear phase space operators, it is suggested here to reformulate ray-tracing algorithms in terms of boundary operators containing only short ray segments. SEA can now be identified as a low resolution ray tracing algorithm and typical SEA assumptions can be quantified in terms of the properties of the ray dynamics. The new technique presented here enhances the range of applicability of standard SEA considerably by systematically incorporating dynamical correlations wherever necessary. Some of the inefficiencies inherent in typical ray tracing methods can be avoided using only a limited amount of the geometrical ray information. The new dynamical theory - Dynamical Energy Analysis (DEA) - thus provides a universal approach towards determining wave energy distributions in complex structures.

Gregor Tanner

2008-03-12T23:59:59.000Z

2

Complex Dynamics Effect on Distributions  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In this study, Lagrangian and Hamiltonian systems, which are mathematical models of mechanical systems, were introduced on the horizontal and the vertical distributions of tangent and cotangent bundles. Finally, some geometrical and physical results related to Lagrangian and Hamiltonian dynamical systems were deduced.

Mehmet Tekkoyun

2009-01-09T23:59:59.000Z

3

Distributed Termination Detection for Dynamic Systems  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Distributed Termination Detection for Dynamic Systems D. M. Dhamdhere \\Lambda Sridhar R. Iyer E for detecting the termination of a dis­ tributed computation is presented. The algorithm does not require global are provided. Keywords Distributed algorithms, Distributed computation, Distributed termination, Dynamic

Dhamdhere, Dhananjay Madhav

4

Electrical utilities model for determining electrical distribution capacity  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In its simplest form, this model was to obtain meaningful data on the current state of the Site`s electrical transmission and distribution assets, and turn this vast collection of data into useful information. The resulting product is an Electrical Utilities Model for Determining Electrical Distribution Capacity which provides: current state of the electrical transmission and distribution systems; critical Hanford Site needs based on outyear planning documents; decision factor model. This model will enable Electrical Utilities management to improve forecasting requirements for service levels, budget, schedule, scope, and staffing, and recommend the best path forward to satisfy customer demands at the minimum risk and least cost to the government. A dynamic document, the model will be updated annually to reflect changes in Hanford Site activities.

Fritz, R.L., Westinghouse Hanford, Richland, WA

1997-09-03T23:59:59.000Z

5

Distributed and Networked Dynamic Resource Allocation, Scheduling, and Control Experiments  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Distributed and Networked Dynamic Resource Allocation, Scheduling, and Control Experiments Nicanor into decentralized and networked dynamic resource allocation, scheduling, and control. 2 Questions 1. What, "Experiments for decentralized and networked dynamic resource allocation, scheduling, and control," Submitted

6

Dynamic Voltage Regulation Using Distributed Energy Resources  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Many distributed energy resources (DE) are near load centres and equipped with power electronics converters to interface with the grid, therefore it is feasible for DE to provide ancillary services such as voltage regulation, nonactive power compensation, and power factor correction. A synchronous condenser and a microturbine with an inverter interface are implemented in parallel in a distribution system to regulate the local voltage. Voltage control schemes of the inverter and the synchronous condenser are developed. The experimental results show that both the inverter and the synchronous condenser can regulate the local voltage instantaneously, while the dynamic response of the inverter is faster than the synchronous condenser; and that integrated voltage regulation (multiple DE perform voltage regulation) can increase the voltage regulation capability, increase the lifetime of the equipment, and reduce the capital and operation costs.

Xu, Yan [ORNL; Rizy, D Tom [ORNL; Li, Fangxing [ORNL; Kueck, John D [ORNL

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

7

Distributed multicast tree generation with dynamic group membership Frank Adelsteina  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Distributed multicast tree generation with dynamic group membership Frank Adelsteina , Golden G. Another distinguishing character- istic for tree generation algorithms is centralized versus distributed, efficient network utilization becomes a growing concern. Multicast transmission may use network bandwidth

Richard III, Golden G.

8

Distributed Approaches for Determination of Reconfiguration Algorithm Termination  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Distributed Approaches for Determination of Reconfiguration Algorithm Termination Pinak Tulpule architecture was used as globally shared memory structure for detection of algorithm termination. This paper of algorithm termination. Keywords--autonomous agent-based reconfiguration, dis- tributed algorithms, shipboard

Lai, Hong-jian

9

Determination of tritium distribution in labeled compounds using EPR spectrometry  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Usually, the tritium distribution in a labeled compound is analyzed by T-NMR spectrometry. NMR equipment is expensive and its sensitivity is lower in comparison to EPR spectrometry. In this paper, the possibility of determining the distribution of tritium in a labeled molecule using self-radiolytic decay processes was analyzed. (authors)

Postolache, C.; Matei, L.; Georgescu, R. [Horia Hulubei, National Inst. for Physics and Nuclear Engineering IFIN HH, 407 Atomistilor street, 077125 Magurele Ilfov (Romania)

2008-07-15T23:59:59.000Z

10

Determination analysis of energy conservation standards for distribution transformers  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This report contains information for US DOE to use in making a determination on proposing energy conservation standards for distribution transformers as required by the Energy Policy Act of 1992. Potential for saving energy with more efficient liquid-immersed and dry-type distribution transformers could be significant because these transformers account for an estimated 140 billion kWh of the annual energy lost in the delivery of electricity. Objective was to determine whether energy conservation standards for distribution transformers would have the potential for significant energy savings, be technically feasible, and be economically justified from a national perspective. It was found that energy conservation for distribution transformers would be technically and economically feasible. Based on the energy conservation options analyzed, 3.6-13.7 quads of energy could be saved from 2000 to 2030.

Barnes, P.R.; Van Dyke, J.W.; McConnell, B.W.; Das, S.

1996-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

11

Scalable Load Distribution and Load Balancing for Dynamic Parallel Programs  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

shown that the algorithm scales according to the definition of scalability given following. LoadScalable Load Distribution and Load Balancing for Dynamic Parallel Programs E. Berger and J. C of an integrated load distribution-load balancing algorithm which was targeted to be both efficient and scalable

Berger, Emery

12

Dynamic Load Balancing for the Distributed Mining of Molecular Structures  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Dynamic Load Balancing for the Distributed Mining of Molecular Structures Giuseppe Di Fatta, Member the data mining community, where algorithms to find frequent graphs have received increasing attention over a distributed approach to the frequent subgraph mining problem to discover interesting patterns in molecular

Berthold, Michael R.

13

Dynamically Quantifying and Improving the Reliability of Distributed Storage Systems  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Dynamically Quantifying and Improving the Reliability of Distributed Storage Systems Rekha Bachwani-scale storage systems can be significantly improved by using bet- ter reliability metrics and more efficient on a distributed storage system based on erasure codes. We find that MinI improves relia- bility significantly

Bianchini, Ricardo

14

Distributed Dynamic State Estimation with Extended Kalman Filter  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Increasing complexity associated with large-scale renewable resources and novel smart-grid technologies necessitates real-time monitoring and control. Our previous work applied the extended Kalman filter (EKF) with the use of phasor measurement data (PMU) for dynamic state estimation. However, high computation complexity creates significant challenges for real-time applications. In this paper, the problem of distributed dynamic state estimation is investigated. One domain decomposition method is proposed to utilize decentralized computing resources. The performance of distributed dynamic state estimation is tested on a 16-machine, 68-bus test system.

Du, Pengwei; Huang, Zhenyu; Sun, Yannan; Diao, Ruisheng; Kalsi, Karanjit; Anderson, Kevin K.; Li, Yulan; Lee, Barry

2011-08-04T23:59:59.000Z

15

Dynamics and length distribution of microtubules under force and confinement  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We investigate the microtubule polymerization dynamics with catastrophe and rescue events for three different confinement scenarios, which mimic typical cellular environments: (i) The microtubule is confined by rigid and fixed walls, (ii) it grows under constant force, and (iii) it grows against an elastic obstacle with a linearly increasing force. We use realistic catastrophe models and analyze the microtubule dynamics, the resulting microtubule length distributions, and force generation by stochastic and mean field calculations; in addition, we perform stochastic simulations. We also investigate the force dynamics if growth parameters are perturbed in dilution experiments. Finally, we show the robustness of our results against changes of catastrophe models and load distribution factors.

Björn Zelinski; Nina Müller; Jan Kierfeld

2012-12-14T23:59:59.000Z

16

Limits to Species' Distributions: Spatial Structure and Dynamics of Breeding Bird Populations Along an Ecological Gradient  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

K. J. 2003. The structure and dynamics of geographic ranges.8 Chapter 1: Spatial structure and dynamics of breeding birdDistributions: Spatial Structure and Dynamics of Breeding

Hargrove, Lori

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

17

Portable lamp with dynamically controlled lighting distribution  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A double lamp table or floor lamp lighting system has a pair of compact fluorescent lamps (CFLs) arranged vertically with a reflective septum in between. By selectively turning on one or both of the CFLs, down lighting, up lighting, or both up and down lighting is produced. The control system can also vary the light intensity from each CFL. The reflective septum insures that almost all the light produced by each lamp will be directed into the desired light distribution pattern which is selected and easily changed by the user. Planar compact fluorescent lamps, e.g. circular CFLs, particularly oriented horizontally, are preferable. CFLs provide energy efficiency. The lighting system may be designed for the home, hospitality, office or other environments.

Siminovitch, Michael J. (Pinole, CA); Page, Erik R. (Berkeley, CA)

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

18

Distributed Dynamics of Systems with Closed Kinematic Chains  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

) ­ Orin and Walker (1982): Efficient dynamic computer simulation of robotic mechanisms ­ Featherstone block predictor-corrector methods of ODE's Chain-level distribution ­ McMillan, Sadayappan and Orin Two NASA robots carrying a metal beam (a) (b) Figure 2.10: ARNOLD, MDOF vehicle with compliant linkage

Krovi, Venkat

19

Microphysical and Dynamical Influences on Cirrus Cloud Optical Depth Distributions  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Cirrus cloud inhomogeneity occurs at scales greater than the cirrus radiative smoothing scale ({approx}100 m), but less than typical global climate model (GCM) resolutions ({approx}300 km). Therefore, calculating cirrus radiative impacts in GCMs requires an optical depth distribution parameterization. Radiative transfer calculations are sensitive to optical depth distribution assumptions (Fu et al. 2000; Carlin et al. 2002). Using raman lidar observations, we quantify cirrus timescales and optical depth distributions at the Atmospheric Radiation Measurement (ARM) Southern Great Plains (SGP) site in Lamont, OK (USA). We demonstrate the sensitivity of outgoing longwave radiation (OLR) calculations to assumed optical depth distributions and to the temporal resolution of optical depth measurements. Recent work has highlighted the importance of dynamics and nucleation for cirrus evolution (Haag and Karcher 2004; Karcher and Strom 2003). We need to understand the main controls on cirrus optical depth distributions to incorporate cirrus variability into model radiative transfer calculations. With an explicit ice microphysics parcel model, we aim to understand the influence of ice nucleation mechanism and imposed dynamics on cirrus optical depth distributions.

Kay, J.; Baker, M.; Hegg, D.

2005-03-18T23:59:59.000Z

20

First JAM results on the determination of polarized parton distributions  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Jefferson Lab Angular Momentum (JAM) Collaboration is a new initiative to study the angular momentum dependent structure of the nucleon. First results on the determination of spin-dependent parton distribution functions at intermediate and large x from world data on polarized deep-inelastic scattering are presented. Different aspects of global QCD analysis are discussed, including the effects of nuclear structure of deuterium and {sup 3}He targets, target mass corrections and higher twist contributions to the g{sub 1} and g{sub 2} structure functions.

Accardi, Alberto [Hampton Univ., VA and JLAB, Newport News, VA (United States); Jimenez-Delgado, Pedro [JLAB, Newport News, VA (United States); Melnitchouk, Wally [JLAB, Newport News, VA (United States)

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "determination distributed dynamic" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


21

Molecular Determinants and Dynamics of Hepatitis C Virus Secretion  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Molecular Determinants and Dynamics of Hepatitis C Virus Secretion Kelly E. Coller, Nicholas S virus (HCV) production involves the assembly of virions on or near the surface of lipid droplets. However, the cellular requirements for and a mechanistic understanding of HCV secretion are incomplete

22

adhesion dynamics determines: Topics by E-print Network  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

adhesion dynamics determines First Page Previous Page 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 Next Page Last Page Topic Index 1 Coupling of cytoplasm and...

23

Political dynamics determined by interactions between political leaders and voters.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The political dynamics associated with an election are typically a function of the interplay between political leaders and voters, as well as endogenous and exogenous factors that impact the perceptions and goals of the electorate. This paper describes an effort by Sandia National Laboratories to model the attitudes and behaviors of various political groups along with that population's primary influencers, such as government leaders. To accomplish this, Sandia National Laboratories is creating a hybrid system dynamics-cognitive model to simulate systems- and individual-level political dynamics in a hypothetical society. The model is based on well-established psychological theory, applied to both individuals and groups within the modeled society. Confidence management processes are being incorporated into the model design process to increase the utility of the tool and assess its performance. This project will enhance understanding of how political dynamics are determined in democratic society.

Bernard, Michael Lewis; Bier, Asmeret; Backus, George A.; Hills, Richard Guy

2010-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

24

Econophysical Dynamics of Market-Based Electric Power Distribution Systems  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

As energy markets begin clearing at sub-hourly rates, their interaction with load control systems becomes a potentially important consideration. A simple model for the control of thermal systems using market-based power distribution strategies is proposed, with particular attention to the behavior and dynamics of electric building loads and distribution-level power markets. Observations of dynamic behavior of simple numerical model are compared to that of an aggregate continuous model. The analytic solution of the continuous model suggests important deficiencies in each. The continuous model provides very valuable insights into how one might design such load control system and design the power markets they interact with. We also highlight important shortcomings of the continuous model which we believe must be addressed using discrete models.

Nicolas Ho; David P. Chassin

2006-02-09T23:59:59.000Z

25

Tomographic determination of the power distribution in electron beams  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A tomographic technique for determining the power distribution of an electron beam using electron beam profile data acquired from a modified Faraday cup to create an image of the current density in high and low power beams is disclosed. A refractory metal disk with a number of radially extending slits is placed above a Faraday cup. The beam is swept in a circular pattern so that its path crosses each slit in a perpendicular manner, thus acquiring all the data needed for a reconstruction in one circular sweep. Also, a single computer is used to generate the signals actuating the sweep, to acquire that data, and to do the reconstruction, thus reducing the time and equipment necessary to complete the process. 4 figs.

Teruya, A.T.; Elmer, J.W.

1996-12-10T23:59:59.000Z

26

Tomographic determination of the power distribution in electron beams  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A tomographic technique for determining the power distribution of an electron beam using electron beam profile data acquired from a modified Faraday cup to create an image of the current density in high and low power beams. A refractory metal disk with a number of radially extending slits is placed above a Faraday cup. The beam is swept in a circular pattern so that its path crosses each slit in a perpendicular manner, thus acquiring all the data needed for a reconstruction in one circular sweep. Also, a single computer is used to generate the signals actuating the sweep, to acquire that data, and to do the reconstruction, thus reducing the time and equipment necessary to complete the process.

Teruya, Alan T. (Livermore, CA); Elmer, John W. (Pleasanton, CA)

1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

27

Determination of leakage and unaccounted-for gas-distribution  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

It was leakage from ill fitting pipes and the resultant danger of explosions, fires, and asphxiation that delayed for a long time the use of gas in private homes. The industry has solved the problem of ill fitting pipes but safety, profits, and the conservation of a natural resource still demands a keen concern over leakage and unaccounted-for gas. The generally accepted definition of unaccountedfor gas is simple. It is the difference between the amount of gas supplied to and taken out of a piping system. By this definition, leakage is only a part of unaccounted-for gas, although the terms are sometimes used synonymously. It is the need to determine the ''tightness'' or freedom from leaks of the distribution system that requires an operator to evaluate all other components of unaccounted-for gas.

Wallace, J.

1984-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

28

Distributed Termination Detection for Dynamic D.M. Dhamdhere Sridhar Iyer E.K.K.Reddy  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Distributed Termination Detection for Dynamic Systems D.M. Dhamdhere Sridhar Iyer E.K.K.Reddy Dept of Computer Science IIT Bombay Mumbai, INDIA Abstract A symmetric algorithm for detecting the termination Distributed algorithms, Distributed computation, Distributed termination, Dynamic systems, Termination

Iyer, Sridhar

29

Impact of Dynamic PHEVs Load on Renewable Sources based Distribution System  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Impact of Dynamic PHEVs Load on Renewable Sources based Distribution System F. R. Islam, H. R. Pota.Roy@student.adfa.edu.au Abstract--In this paper, charging effect of dynamic Plug in Hybrid Electric Vehicle (PHEV) is presented in a renewable energy based electricity distribution system. For planning and designing a distribution system

Pota, Himanshu Roy

30

Dark Matter distribution in the Milky Way: microlensing and dynamical constraints  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We show that current microlensing and dynamical observations of the Galaxy permit to set interesting constraints on the Dark Matter local density and profile slope towards the galactic centre. Assuming state-of-the-art models for the distribution of baryons in the Galaxy, we find that the most commonly discussed Dark Matter profiles (viz. Navarro-Frenk-White and Einasto) are consistent with microlensing and dynamical observations, while extreme adiabatically compressed profiles are robustly ruled out. When a baryonic model that also includes a description of the gas is adopted, our analysis provides a determination of the local Dark Matter density, ?{sub 0} = 0.20?0.56 GeV/cm{sup 3} at 1?, that is found to be compatible with estimates in the literature based on different techniques.

Iocco, Fabio; Bertone, Gianfranco [Institut d'Astrophysique de Paris, UMR 7095-CNRS, Univ. Pierre and Marie Curie, 98bis Bd Arago 75014 Paris (France); Pato, Miguel; Jetzer, Philippe, E-mail: iocco@iap.fr, E-mail: migpato@physik.uzh.ch, E-mail: gf.bertone@gmail.com, E-mail: jetzer@physik.uzh.ch [Institute for Theoretical Physics, University of Zürich, Winterthurerstrasse 190, 8057 Zürich (Switzerland)

2011-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

31

Determination of the current density distribution in Josephson junctions.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A technique is described for recovering the missing phase information for a set of critical current measurements as a function of an applied magnetic field I{sub c}(B). In many cases the current density j(x) across the boundary for a Josephson junction can be determined.

Carmody, M; Landree, E.; Marks, L. D.; Merkle, K. L.; Northwestern Univ.

1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

32

Price Discovery in Dynamic Power Markets with Low-Voltage Distribution-Network Participants  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

-distribution network locational marginal prices; power flow; reactive power compensation; voltage control; distributed application to Electric Power [2, 3] dynamic Locational-Marginal-Price (LMP) based Wholesale Power Markets to clear markets and discover dynamic Locational Marginal Prices (LMPs) that promoted more efficient

Caramanis, Michael

33

ROSA: Distributed Joint Routing and Dynamic Spectrum Allocation in Cognitive Radio Ad Hoc Networks  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

ROSA: Distributed Joint Routing and Dynamic Spectrum Allocation in Cognitive Radio Ad Hoc Networks opportunistic spectrum access and dynamic routing algorithm for cognitive radio networks is proposed, called Keywords Cognitive Radio Networks, routing, dynamic spectrum allocation, cross-layer design 1. INTRODUCTION

Melodia, Tommaso

34

Dynamic Module Replacement in Distributed Protocols Nigamanth Sridhar, Scott M. Pike, and Bruce W. Weide  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Dynamic Module Replacement in Distributed Protocols Nigamanth Sridhar, Scott M. Pike, and Bruce W nsridhar,pike,weide @cis.ohio-state.edu Abstract Dynamic module replacement -- the ability to hot swap-neutral technique for dynamic module replacement using Service Facilities (Serfs) -- a pattern- based design

Weide, Bruce W.

35

Price Discovery in Dynamic Power Markets with Low-Voltage Distribution-Network Participants  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

but not least distribution network rent. Keywords-distribution network locational marginal prices; power flow application to Electric Power [2, 3] dynamic Locational-Marginal-Price (LMP) based Wholesale Power Markets load-side market participation and the use of Distribution network Locational Marginal Prices (DLMP

Caramanis, Michael

36

Summarizing and Mining Inverse Distributions on Data Streams via Dynamic Inverse Sampling  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Summarizing and Mining Inverse Distributions on Data Streams via Dynamic Inverse Sampling Graham data stream management systems approach this problem by sum- marizing and mining the distributions for summariz- ing and mining inverse distributions of data streams: they rely on a novel technique to maintain

Cormode, Graham

37

Determination of SNe explosions frequency distribution function.Method and numerical simulations  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The method for determination of the Supernovae (SNe) explosions frequency distribution function based on the assumption of explosions independence are offered. The method is based on assumption that the sequence of SNe explosions in an individual galaxy is a Poisson sequence. The essence of the method is in the determination of statistical moments of the frequency of the SNe explosions and subsequent determination of distribution function . The program of numerical simulation has been developed for testing the efficiency of the method. Numerical simulations show that even for a small mean number of registered SNe explosions, method allows restoring initial distribution function. The results of numerical simulations are given.

A. A. Akopian

2007-05-03T23:59:59.000Z

38

The Astrophysical Journal, in press A Determination of the Coronal Emission Measure Distribution in the Young  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

to this temperature regime. We argue that the DEM distribution seen in EK Dra is induced by the propertiesThe Astrophysical Journal, in press A Determination of the Coronal Emission Measure Distribution of a coronal differential emission measure (DEM) analysis of the nearby analog of the young Sun, EK Draconis

Guedel, Manuel

39

Determination of pore-size distribution in low-dielectric thin films D. W. Gidleya)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

-size distribution on pore shape/dimensionality and sample temperature is predicted using a simple quantum mechanicalDetermination of pore-size distribution in low-dielectric thin films D. W. Gidleya) and W. E. Frieze Department of Physics, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Michigan 48109 T. L. Dull, J. Sun, and A

Gidley, David

40

Dynamic Interactions of PV units in Low Volatge Distribution Systems  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. Abstract--Photovoltaic (PV) units along with other distributed energy resources (DERs) are located close by minimizing the negative interactions. Index Terms--Photovoltaic, negative interactions, distribution systems different DERs may react negatively and degrade reliability. There are several different measures

Pota, Himanshu Roy

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "determination distributed dynamic" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


41

Network Coding in Distributed, Dynamic, and Wireless Environments: Algorithms and Applications  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

NETWORK CODING IN DISTRIBUTED, DYNAMIC, AND WIRELESS ENVIRONMENTS: ALGORITHMS AND APPLICATIONS A Dissertation by MOHAMMAD ASAD REHMAN CHAUDHRY Submitted to the O ce of Graduate Studies of Texas A&M University in partial ful llment... of the requirements for the degree of DOCTOR OF PHILOSOPHY December 2011 Major Subject: Electrical Engineering Network Coding in Distributed, Dynamic, and Wireless Environments: Algorithms and Applications Copyright 2011 Mohammad Asad Rehman Chaudhry NETWORK...

Chaudhry, Mohammad

2012-02-14T23:59:59.000Z

42

Quantification of model mismatch errors of the dynamic energy distribution in a stirred-tank reactor  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

QUANTIFICATION OF MODEL MISMATCH ERRORS OF THE DYNAMIC ENERGY DISTRIBUTION IN A STIRRED- TANK REACTOR A Thesis by MARK RAYMOND KIMMICH Submitted to the Graduate College of Texas AkM University in partial fulfillment of the requirement... for the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE August 198i Major Subject: Chemical Engineering QUANTIFICATION OF MODEL MISMATCH ERRORS OF THE DYNAMIC ENERGY DISTRIBUTION IN A STIRRED-TANK REACTOR A Thesis by MARK RAYMOND KIMMICH Approved as to style and content by...

Kimmich, Mark Raymond

1987-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

43

Sea quark transverse momentum distributions and dynamical chiral symmetry breaking  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Recent theoretical studies have provided new insight into the intrinsic transverse momentum distributions of valence and sea quarks in the nucleon at a low scale. The valence quark transverse momentum distributions (q - qbar) are governed by the nucleon's inverse hadronic size R{sup -1} ~ 0.2 GeV and drop steeply at large p{sub T}. The sea quark distributions (qbar) are in large part generated by non-perturbative chiral-symmetry breaking interactions and extend up to the scale rho{sup -1} ~ 0.6 GeV. These findings have many implications for modeling the initial conditions of perturbative QCD evolution of TMD distributions (starting scale, shape of p{sub T}. distributions, coordinate-space correlation functions). The qualitative difference between valence and sea quark intrinsic p{sub T}. distributions could be observed experimentally, by comparing the transverse momentum distributions of selected hadrons in semi-inclusive deep-inelastic scattering, or those of dileptons produced in pp and pbar-p scattering.

Schweitzer, Peter [Univ. of Connecticut, Storrs, CT (United States); Strikman, Mark [Penn State Univ., State College, PA (United States); Weiss, Christian [JLAB Newport News, VA (United States)

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

44

A differentiable dynamic network loading model that yields queue length distributions and accounts for spillback  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A differentiable dynamic network loading model that yields queue length distributions and accounts, this is so because the kinematic wave model (KWM), the mainstay of traffic flow theory, only applies for spillback Carolina Osorio Gunnar Fl¨otter¨od Michel Bierlaire Abstract We derive a dynamic network

Bierlaire, Michel

45

Equilibration of experimentally determined protein structures for molecular dynamics simulation Emily B. Walton and Krystyn J. VanVliet*  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Equilibration of experimentally determined protein structures for molecular dynamics simulation well studied, ranging from refinements of static x-ray crystallog- raphy structures to dynamic Preceding molecular dynamics simulations of biomolecular interactions, the molecule of interest is often

Van Vliet, Krystyn J.

46

Power-like corrections and the determination of the gluon distribution  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Power-suppressed corrections to parton evolution may affect the theoretical accuracy of current determinations of parton distributions. We study the role of multigluon-exchange terms in the extraction of the gluon distribution for the Large Hadron Collider (LHC). Working in the high-energy approximation, we analyze multi-gluon contributions in powers of 1/Q^2. We find a moderate, negative correction to the structure function's derivative d F_2 / d \\ln Q^2, characterized by a slow fall-off in the region of low to medium Q^2 relevant for determinations of the gluon at small momentum fractions.

F. Hautmann

2006-10-06T23:59:59.000Z

47

Comparison of acoustic and net sampling systems to determine patterns in zooplankton distribution  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Comparison of acoustic and net sampling systems to determine patterns in zooplankton distribution and with predicted volume backscatter calculated from a coincident net tow. Spatially and temporally coincident data)) and from a 1 m2 Multiple Opening Closing Net and Environmental Sensing System (MOCNESS). The combined net

Pierce, Stephen

48

Area per Lipid and Acyl Length Distributions in Fluid Phosphatidylcholines Determined by 2  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Area per Lipid and Acyl Length Distributions in Fluid Phosphatidylcholines Determined by 2 H NMR diamond lattice approach. Statistical mechanical principles were used to relate the measured order the force balance in fluid bilayers. At the same absolute temperature, the phosphatidylcholine (PC) series

Brown, Michael F.

49

Distributed Array of GPS Receivers for 3D Wind Profile Determination in Wind Farms  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Distributed Array of GPS Receivers for 3D Wind Profile Determination in Wind Farms Derek Chen to pursue further graduate studies. His research interests are in autonomous systems, remote sensing presentation awards at ION GNSS conferences. ABSTRACT Wind energy is currently one of the fastest growing

Gao, Grace Xingxin

50

An Energy-Aware Simulation Model and Transaction Protocol for Dynamic Workload Distribution in Mobile Ad Hoc Networks1  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

An Energy-Aware Simulation Model and Transaction Protocol for Dynamic Workload Distribution California {tari, prong, pedram}@usc.edu Abstract This paper introduces a network simulation model

Pedram, Massoud

51

Experimental Determination of the Gain Distribution of an Avalanche Photodiode at Low Gains  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A measurement system for determining the gain distributions of avalanche photodiodes (APDs) in a low gain range is presented. The system is based on an ultralow-noise charge--sensitive amplifier and detects the output carriers from an APD. The noise of the charge--sensitive amplifier is as low as 4.2 electrons at a sampling rate of 200 Hz. The gain distribution of a commercial Si APD with low average gains are presented, demonstrating the McIntyre theory in the low gain range.

Kenji Tsujino; Makoto Akiba; Masahide Sasaki

2008-12-04T23:59:59.000Z

52

Momentum distribution, vibrational dynamics and the potential of mean force in ice  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

By analyzing the momentum distribution obtained from path integral and phonon calculations we find that the protons in hexagonal ice experience an anisotropic quasi-harmonic effective potential with three distinct principal frequencies that reflect molecular orientation. Due to the importance of anisotropy, anharmonic features of the environment cannot be extracted from existing experimental distributions that involve the spherical average. The full directional distribution is required, and we give a theoretical prediction for this quantity that could be verified in future experiments. Within the quasi-harmonic context, anharmonicity in the ground state dynamics of the proton is substantial and has quantal origin, a finding that impacts the interpretation of several spectroscopies.

Lin Lin; Joseph A. Morrone; Roberto Car; Michele Parrinello

2011-04-13T23:59:59.000Z

53

Ethanol Distribution, Dispensing, and Use: Analysis of a Portion of the Biomass-to-Biofuels Supply Chain Using System Dynamics  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Energy Independence and Security Act of 2007 targets use of 36 billion gallons of biofuels per year by 2022. Achieving this may require substantial changes to current transportation fuel systems for distribution, dispensing, and use in vehicles. The U.S. Department of Energy and the National Renewable Energy Laboratory designed a system dynamics approach to help focus government action by determining what supply chain changes would have the greatest potential to accelerate biofuels deployment. The National Renewable Energy Laboratory developed the Biomass Scenario Model, a system dynamics model which represents the primary system effects and dependencies in the biomass-to-biofuels supply chain. The model provides a framework for developing scenarios and conducting biofuels policy analysis. This paper focuses on the downstream portion of the supply chain-represented in the distribution logistics, dispensing station, and fuel utilization, and vehicle modules of the Biomass Scenario Model. This model initially focused on ethanol, but has since been expanded to include other biofuels. Some portions of this system are represented dynamically with major interactions and feedbacks, especially those related to a dispensing station owner's decision whether to offer ethanol fuel and a consumer's choice whether to purchase that fuel. Other portions of the system are modeled with little or no dynamics; the vehicle choices of consumers are represented as discrete scenarios. This paper explores conditions needed to sustain an ethanol fuel market and identifies implications of these findings for program and policy goals. A large, economically sustainable ethanol fuel market (or other biofuel market) requires low end-user fuel price relative to gasoline and sufficient producer payment, which are difficult to achieve simultaneously. Other requirements (different for ethanol vs. other biofuel markets) include the need for infrastructure for distribution and dispensing and widespread use of high ethanol blends in flexible-fuel vehicles.

Vimmerstedt, L. J.; Bush, B.; Peterson, S.

2012-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

54

White pine (Pinus strobus L.) regeneration dynamics at the species' northern limit of continuous distribution  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

White pine (Pinus strobus L.) regeneration dynamics at the species' northern limit of continuous white pine (Pinus strobus L.) has been significantly reduced across its distribution range over the past quantified natural white pine regeneration in unmanaged mature stands, identified the most important

Asselin, Hugo

55

Dynamical robustness of biological networks with hierarchical distribution of time scales  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

]. Networks of regulating micro-RNA could be key players in canalising genetic developmental programmes [15Dynamical robustness of biological networks with hierarchical distribution of time scales A, the robustness of the relax- ation time using a chemical reaction description of genetic and signalling networks

Radulescu, Ovidiu

56

Capacity Limits of Cognitive Radio with Distributed and Dynamic Spectral Activity  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Cognitive radio technology has tremendous potential for improving the utilization of radio spectrum. Derived that are licensed to their primary users [2]. It is driven by software defined radio technology whichCapacity Limits of Cognitive Radio with Distributed and Dynamic Spectral Activity Syed Ali Jafar

Jafar, Syed A.

57

PERSONAL DISTRIBUTED ENVIRONMENT -SECURING THE DYNAMIC SERVICE PLATFORMS BEYOND 3G  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of different devices interconnected by one or more Personal Area Networks (PANs). The DMP concept permitsPERSONAL DISTRIBUTED ENVIRONMENT - SECURING THE DYNAMIC SERVICE PLATFORMS BEYOND 3G S K Goo, J M users flexible access to information and services using a combination of different end-user devices

Atkinson, Robert C

58

Numerical solutions for determining wave-induced pressure distributions around buried pipelines  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

were moved as fsr as 1400 feet under the influence of Hurricane Flossy in 1956. The more then $200 million loss in pipeline facilities sustained off the Gulf Coast during 1964 and 1965 from two major hurricanes attests to the importance...NUMERICAL SOLUTIONS POR DETERMINING WAVE-INDUCED PRESSURE DISTRIBUTIONS AROUND BURIED PIPELINES A Thesis by NOOK WAI LAI Submitted to the Graduate College of Texas ASM University in Partial fulfillment of the requirement for the degree...

Lai, Ngok-Wai

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

59

Integrating GIS with Distributed Applications Using Dynamic Data-Sharing Mechanisms  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Effective integration of a stand-alone GIS (e.g., ArcView 3.x) into a complex distributed software application requires an efficient, reliable mechanism for passing data and function requests to and from the GIS component. This paper describes the use of dynamic data-sharing and inter-process communication mechanisms to integrate GIS capability into a multi-jurisdictional distributed emergency management information system. These mechanisms include dynamic layer updates from spatial and attribute information shared via a distributed relational database across multiple sites; storage of private and shared ViewMarks to facilitate consistent GIS views; and asynchronous inter-process communication using function queuing and a data sharing library.

Burnett, Robert A. (BATTELLE (PACIFIC NW LAB)); Tzemos, Spyridon (BATTELLE (PACIFIC NW LAB)); Stoops, LaMar R. (BATTELLE (PACIFIC NW LAB))

2002-08-21T23:59:59.000Z

60

Dynamic Control of Electricity Cost with Power Demand Smoothing and Peak Shaving for Distributed Internet Data Centers  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Dynamic Control of Electricity Cost with Power Demand Smoothing and Peak Shaving for Distributed a major part of their running costs. Modern electric power grid provides a feasible way to dynamically and efficiently manage the electricity cost of distributed IDCs based on the Locational Marginal Pricing (LMP

Rahman, A.K.M. Ashikur

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "determination distributed dynamic" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


61

Process Biochemistry 37 (2002) 10571065 Dynamics of yard trimmings composting as determined by  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Process Biochemistry 37 (2002) 1057­1065 Dynamics of yard trimmings composting as determined of the composting process. In the present study, four different biochemical parameters (dehydrogenase activity, ATP of yard trimmings composting; and (2) to relate these parameters to changes in microbial numbers, physico

Tiquia-Arashiro, Sonia M.

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

62

The Impact of Distributed Generation on Power Transmission Grid Dynamics D. E. Newman B. A. Carreras M. Kirchner I. Dobson  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

distributed generation if not done carefully. 1. Introduction With the increased utilization of local, oftenThe Impact of Distributed Generation on Power Transmission Grid Dynamics D. E. Newman B. A@engr.wisc.edu Abstract In this paper we investigate the impact of the introduction of distributed generation

Dobson, Ian

63

Estimating Traveler Populations at Airport and Cruise Terminals for Population Distribution and Dynamics  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In recent years, uses of high-resolution population distribution databases are increasing steadily for environmental, socioeconomic, public health, and disaster-related research and operations. With the development of daytime population distribution, temporal resolution of such databases has been improved. However, the lack of incorporation of transitional population, namely business and leisure travelers, leaves a significant population unaccounted for within the critical infrastructure networks, such as at transportation hubs. This paper presents two general methodologies for estimating passenger populations in airport and cruise port terminals at a high temporal resolution which can be incorporated into existing population distribution models. The methodologies are geographically scalable and are based on, and demonstrate how, two different transportation hubs with disparate temporal population dynamics can be modeled utilizing publicly available databases including novel data sources of flight activity from the Internet which are updated in near-real time. The airport population estimation model shows great potential for rapid implementation for a large collection of airports on a national scale, and the results suggest reasonable accuracy in the estimated passenger traffic. By incorporating population dynamics at high temporal resolutions into population distribution models, we hope to improve the estimates of populations exposed to or at risk to disasters, thereby improving emergency planning and response, and leading to more informed policy decisions.

Jochem, Warren C [ORNL; Sims, Kelly M [ORNL; Bright, Eddie A [ORNL; Urban, Marie L [ORNL; Rose, Amy N [ORNL; Coleman, Phil R [ORNL; Bhaduri, Budhendra L [ORNL

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

64

Determination of High-Frequency Current Distribution Using EMTP-Based Transmission Line Models with Resulting Radiated Electromagnetic Fields  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Application of BPL technologies to existing overhead high-voltage power lines would benefit greatly from improved simulation tools capable of predicting performance - such as the electromagnetic fields radiated from such lines. Existing EMTP-based frequency-dependent line models are attractive since their parameters are derived from physical design dimensions which are easily obtained. However, to calculate the radiated electromagnetic fields, detailed current distributions need to be determined. This paper presents a method of using EMTP line models to determine the current distribution on the lines, as well as a technique for using these current distributions to determine the radiated electromagnetic fields.

Mork, B; Nelson, R; Kirkendall, B; Stenvig, N

2009-11-30T23:59:59.000Z

65

DETERMINATION OF NON-THERMAL VELOCITY DISTRIBUTIONS FROM SERTS LINEWIDTH OBSERVATIONS  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Non-thermal velocities obtained from the measurement of coronal Extreme Ultraviolet (EUV) linewidths have been consistently observed in solar EUV spectral observations and have been theorized to result from many plausible scenarios including wave motions, turbulence, or magnetic reconnection. Constraining these velocities can provide a physical limit for the available energy resulting from unresolved motions in the corona. We statistically determine a series of non-thermal velocity distributions from linewidth measurements of 390 emission lines from a wide array of elements and ionization states observed during the Solar Extreme Ultraviolet Research Telescope and Spectrograph 1991-1997 flights covering the spectral range 174-418 A and a temperature range from 80,000 K to 12.6 MK. This sample includes 248 lines from active regions, 101 lines from quiet-Sun regions, and 41 lines were observed from plasma off the solar limb. We find a strongly peaked distribution corresponding to a non-thermal velocity of 19-22 km s{sup -1} in all three of the quiet-Sun, active region, and off-limb distributions. For the possibility of Alfven wave resonance heating, we find that velocities in the core of these distributions do not provide sufficient energy, given typical densities and magnetic field strengths for the coronal plasma, to overcome the estimated coronal energy losses required to maintain the corona at the typical temperatures working as the sole mechanism. We find that at perfect efficiency 50%-60% of the needed energy flux can be produced from the non-thermal velocities measured.

Coyner, Aaron J. [Department of Physics, Catholic University of America, 620 Michigan Avenue, Washington, DC 20064 (United States); Davila, Joseph M., E-mail: aaron.j.coyner@nasa.gov [Code 671, NASA Goddard Space Flight Center, Greenbelt, MD 20771 (United States)

2011-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

66

Automated Data Collection for Determining Statistical Distributions of Module Power Undergoing Potential-Induced Degradation: Preprint  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We propose a method for increasing the frequency of data collection and reducing the time and cost of accelerated lifetime testing of photovoltaic modules undergoing potential-induced degradation (PID). This consists of in-situ measurements of dark current-voltage curves of the modules at elevated stress temperature, their use to determine the maximum power at 25 degrees C standard test conditions (STC), and distribution statistics for determining degradation rates as a function of stress level. The semi-continuous data obtained by this method clearly show degradation curves of the maximum power, including an incubation phase, rates and extent of degradation, precise time to failure, and partial recovery. Stress tests were performed on crystalline silicon modules at 85% relative humidity and 60 degrees C, 72 degrees C, and 85 degrees C. Activation energy for the mean time to failure (1% relative) of 0.85 eV was determined and a mean time to failure of 8,000 h at 25 degrees C and 85% relative humidity is predicted. No clear trend in maximum degradation as a function of stress temperature was observed.

Hacke, P.; Spataru, S.

2014-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

67

A Computational Method for Determining Distributed Aerodynamic Loads on Planforms of Arbitrary Shape in Compressible Subsonic Flow  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The methods presented in this work are intended to provided an easy to understand and easy to apply method for determining the distributed aerodynamic loads and aerodynamic characteristics of planforms of nearly arbitrary shape. Through application...

Brown, Matthew Alan

2013-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

68

The use of a distributed hydrologic model to predict dynamic landslide susceptibility for a humid basin in Puerto Rico  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This thesis describes the use of a distributed hydrology model in conjunction with a Factor of Safety (FS) algorithm to predict dynamic landslide susceptibility for a humid basin in Puerto Rico. The Mameyes basin, located ...

Kamal, Sameer A. (Sameer Ahmed)

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

69

The relative grain boundary area and energy distributions in a ferritic steel determined from three-dimensional electron  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The relative grain boundary area and energy distributions in a ferritic steel determined from three The relative grain boundary area and energy distributions of a ferritic steel were characterized as a function planes with the (111) orientation had the minimum energy and the largest relative areas. The most

Rohrer, Gregory S.

70

Ignition quality determination of diesel fuels from hydrogen type distribution of hydrocarbons  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Hydrogen types of diesel like hydrocarbon fuels which have dominant effect on the ignition quality have been identified. A scheme of characterizing the chemistry of hydrocarbon fuels in terms of these hydrogen types using proton nuclear resonance spectrometry has been proposed. Using this analysis technique on 70 different diesel fuels, whose cetane numbers were determined on a number of standard cetane rating engines, an empirical expression which relates the ignition quality to the hydrogen type distribution of the fuels has been developed. The developed expression and the relationship between the ignition delay and cetane number imply that the effective activation energy term in the usual semiempirical ignition delay expression is not a constant for a given fuel but is a function of pressure and temperature as well as the fuel chemistry.

Gulder, O.L.; Glavincevski, B.

1986-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

71

Lateral distribution and the energy determination of showers along the ankle  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The normalization constant of the lateral distribution function (LDF) of an extensive air shower is a monotonous (almost linear) increasing function of the energy of the primary. Therefore, the interpolated signal at some fixed distance from the core can be calibrated to estimate the energy of the shower. There is, somehow surprisingly, a reconstructed optimal distance, r_{opt}, at which the effects on the inferred signal, S(r_{opt}), of the uncertainties on true core location, LDF functional form and shower-to-shower fluctuations are minimized. We calculate the value of r_{opt} as a function of surface detector separation, energy and zenith angle and we demonstrate the advantage of using the r_{opt} value of each individual shower instead of a same fixed distance for every shower, specially in dealing with events with saturated stations. The effects on the determined spectrum are also shown.

G. Ros; G. A. Medina-Tanco; C. De Donato; L. del Peral; D. Rodríguez-Frías; J. C. D'Olivo; J. F. Valdés-Galicia; F. Arqueros; .

2007-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

72

Lateral distribution and the energy determination of showers along the ankle  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The normalization constant of the lateral distribution function (LDF) of an extensive air shower is a monotonous (almost linear) increasing function of the energy of the primary. Therefore, the interpolated signal at some fixed distance from the core can be calibrated to estimate the energy of the shower. There is, somehow surprisingly, a reconstructed optimal distance, r_{opt}, at which the effects on the inferred signal, S(r_{opt}), of the uncertainties on true core location, LDF functional form and shower-to-shower fluctuations are minimized. We calculate the value of r_{opt} as a function of surface detector separation, energy and zenith angle and we demonstrate the advantage of using the r_{opt} value of each individual shower instead of a same fixed distance for every shower, specially in dealing with events with saturated stations. The effects on the determined spectrum are also shown.

Ros, G; De Donato, C; Del Peral, L; Rodríguez-Frías, D; D'Olivo, J C; Valdés-Galicia, J F; Arqueros, F

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

73

Correspondence between classical dynamics and energy level spacing distribution in the transition billiard systems  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The Robnik billiard is investigated in detail both classically and quantally in the transition range from integrable to almost chaotic system. We find out that a remarkable correspondence between characteristic features of classical dynamics, especially topological structure of integrable regions in the Poincar\\'{e} surface of section, and the statistics of energy level spacings appears with a system parameter $\\lambda$ being varied. It is shown that the variance of the level spacing distribution changes its behavior at every particular values of $\\lambda$ in such a way that classical dynamics changes its topological structure in the Poincar\\'{e} surface of section, while the skewness and the excess of the level spacings seem to be closely relevant to the interface structure between integrable region and chaotic sea rather than inner structure of intergrable regoin.

Soo-Young Lee; Sunghwan Rim; Eui-Soon Yim; C. H. Lee

1998-09-05T23:59:59.000Z

74

Distributed delay model for density wave dynamics in gas lifted wells Laure Sin`egre, Nicolas Petit  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Distributed delay model for density wave dynamics in gas lifted wells Laure Sin`egre, Nicolas Petit in the tubing D. dynamical choking is used to stabilise the density wave instability. In this paper, we propose instabilities cause production losses. One of these instabilities, referred to as the "density-wave

75

An ab initio quasi-classical direct dynamics investigation of the product energy distributionsF + C  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

An ab initio quasi-classical direct dynamics investigation of the product energy distributionsF + C at the UHF/6Ã?31G* level of theory, was used to investigate product energy distributions of the collisionF ] C 2 H 4 ] C 2 H 3 F ] H reaction. The shifting and broadening of the product translational energy

Schlegel, H. Bernhard

76

Molecular Dynamics Simulations of the Nucleation of Water: Determining the Sticking Probability and Formation Energy of a Cluster  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We performed molecular dynamics (MD) simulations of the nucleation of water vapor in order to test nucleation theories. Simulations were performed for a wide range of supersaturation ratios (S = 3-25) and water temperatures (Tw=300-390K). We obtained the nucleation rates and the formation free energies of a subcritical cluster from the cluster size distribution. The classical nucleation theory (CNT) and the modified classical nucleation theory (MCNT) overestimate the nucleation rates in all cases. The semi-phenomenological (SP) model, which corrects the MCNT prediction using the second virial coefficient of a vapor, reproduces the formation free energy of a cluster with the size < 20 to within 10 % and the nucleation rate and cluster size distributions to within one order of magnitude. The sticking probability of the vapor molecules to the clusters was also determined from the growth rates of the clusters. The sticking probability rapidly increases with the supersaturation ratio S, which is similar to the Lennard-Jones system.

Kyoko K. Tanaka; Akio Kawano; Hidekazu Tanaka

2014-02-26T23:59:59.000Z

77

Experiment and Simulation of Dynamic Voltage Regulation in Multiple Distributed Energy Resources Systems  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Distributed energy (DE) resources are power sources located near load centers and equipped with power electronics converters to interface with the grid, therefore it is feasible for DE to provide reactive power (along with active power) locally for dynamic voltage regulation. In this paper, a synchronous condenser and a microturbine with an inverter interface are implemented in parallel in a distribution system to regulate the local voltage. Developed voltage control schemes for the inverter and the synchronous condenser are presented. Experimental results show that both the inverter and the synchronous condenser can regulate the local voltage instantaneously although the dynamic response of the inverter is much faster than the synchronous condenser. In a system with multiple DEs performing local voltage regulation, the interaction between the DEs is studied. The simulation results show the relationship between the voltages in the system and the reactive power required for the voltage regulation. Also, integrated voltage regulation (multiple DEs performing voltage regulation) can increase the voltage regulation capability of DEs and reduce the capital and operating costs.

Xu, Yan [ORNL; Li, Fangxing [ORNL; Kueck, John D [ORNL; Rizy, D Tom [ORNL

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

78

Using Distributed Energy Resources to Supply Reactive Power for Dynamic Voltage Regulation  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Abstract Distributed energy (DE) resources are power sources located near load centers and equipped with power electronics converters to interface with the grid, therefore it is feasible for DE to provide reactive power (along with active power) locally for dynamic voltage regulation. In this paper, a synchronous condenser and a DE source with an inverter interface are implemented in parallel in a distribution system to regulate the local voltage. Developed voltage control schemes for the inverter and the synchronous condenser are presented. Experimental results show that both the inverter and the synchronous condenser can regulate the local voltage instantaneously although the dynamic response of the inverter is much faster than the synchronous condenser. In a system with multiple DEs performing local voltage regulation, the interaction of multiple DE at different locations under different load levels may have an impact to the control parameter setting for each individual DE control system. Future research is needed to find out the interaction of DEs to identify the optimal control parameter settings with the consideration of many factors such as system configuration, load variation, and so on

Xu, Yan [ORNL; Li, Fangxing [ORNL; Li, Huijuan [University of Tennessee, Knoxville (UTK); Rizy, D Tom [ORNL; Kueck, John D [ORNL

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

79

DETERMINING ALL GAS PROPERTIES IN GALAXY CLUSTERS FROM THE DARK MATTER DISTRIBUTION ALONE  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We demonstrate that all properties of the hot X-ray emitting gas in galaxy clusters are completely determined by the underlying dark matter (DM) structure. Apart from the standard conditions of spherical symmetry and hydrostatic equilibrium for the gas, our proof is based on the Jeans equation for the DM and two simple relations which have recently emerged from numerical simulations: the equality of the gas and DM temperatures, and the almost linear relation between the DM velocity anisotropy profile and its density slope. For DM distributions described by the Navarro-Frenk-White or the Sersic profiles, the resulting gas density profile, the gas-to-total-mass ratio profile, and the entropy profile are all in good agreement with X-ray observations. All these profiles are derived using zero free parameters. Our result allows us to predict the X-ray luminosity profile of a cluster in terms of its DM content alone. As a consequence, a new strategy becomes available to constrain the DM morphology in galaxy clusters from X-ray observations. Our results can also be used as a practical tool for creating initial conditions for realistic cosmological structures to be used in numerical simulations.

Frederiksen, Teddy F.; Hansen, Steen H.; Host, Ole [Dark Cosmology Centre, Niels Bohr Institute, University of Copenhagen, Juliane Maries Vej 30, 2100 Copenhagen (Denmark); Roncadelli, Marco [INFN, Sezione di Pavia, Via A. Bassi 6, 27100 Pavia (Italy)

2009-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

80

Enhanced modified faraday cup for determination of power density distribution of electron beams  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

An improved tomographic technique for determining the power distribution of an electron or ion beam using electron beam profile data acquired by an enhanced modified Faraday cup to create an image of the current density in high and low power ion or electron beams. A refractory metal disk with a number of radially extending slits, one slit being about twice the width of the other slits, is placed above a Faraday cup. The electron or ion beam is swept in a circular pattern so that its path crosses each slit in a perpendicular manner, thus acquiring all the data needed for a reconstruction in one circular sweep. The enlarged slit enables orientation of the beam profile with respect to the coordinates of the welding chamber. A second disk having slits therein is positioned below the first slit disk and inside of the Faraday cup and provides a shield to eliminate the majority of secondary electrons and ions from leaving the Faraday cup. Also, a ring is located below the second slit disk to help minimize the amount of secondary electrons and ions from being produced. In addition, a beam trap is located in the Faraday cup to provide even more containment of the electron or ion beam when full beam current is being examined through the center hole of the modified Faraday cup.

Elmer, John W. (Danville, CA); Teruya, Alan T. (Livermore, CA)

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "determination distributed dynamic" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


81

Distributed Dynamic State Estimator, Generator Parameter Estimation and Stability Monitoring Demonstration  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This is the final report for this project that was performed in the period: October1, 2009 to June 30, 2013. In this project, a fully distributed high-fidelity dynamic state estimator (DSE) that continuously tracks the real time dynamic model of a wide area system with update rates better than 60 times per second is achieved. The proposed technology is based on GPS-synchronized measurements but also utilizes data from all available Intelligent Electronic Devices in the system (numerical relays, digital fault recorders, digital meters, etc.). The distributed state estimator provides the real time model of the system not only the voltage phasors. The proposed system provides the infrastructure for a variety of applications and two very important applications (a) a high fidelity generating unit parameters estimation and (b) an energy function based transient stability monitoring of a wide area electric power system with predictive capability. Also the dynamic distributed state estimation results are stored (the storage scheme includes data and coincidental model) enabling an automatic reconstruction and “play back” of a system wide disturbance. This approach enables complete play back capability with fidelity equal to that of real time with the advantage of “playing back” at a user selected speed. The proposed technologies were developed and tested in the lab during the first 18 months of the project and then demonstrated on two actual systems, the USVI Water and Power Administration system and the New York Power Authority’s Blenheim-Gilboa pumped hydro plant in the last 18 months of the project. The four main thrusts of this project, mentioned above, are extremely important to the industry. The DSE with the achieved update rates (more than 60 times per second) provides a superior solution to the “grid visibility” question. The generator parameter identification method fills an important and practical need of the industry. The “energy function” based transient stability monitoring opens up new ways to protect the power grid, better manage disturbances, confine their impact and in general improve the reliability and security of the system. Finally, as a by-product of the proposed research project, the developed system is able to “play back” disturbances by a click of a mouse. The importance of this by-product is evident by considering the tremendous effort exerted after the August 2003 blackout to piece together all the disturbance recordings, align them and recreate the sequence of events. This project has moved the state of art from fault recording by individual devices to system wide disturbance recording with “play back” capability.

Meliopoulos, Sakis; Cokkinides, George; Fardanesh, Bruce; Hedrington, Clinton

2013-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

82

Dynamics of two populations of phase oscillators with different frequency distributions  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A large variety of rhythms have been observed in nature. These rhythms can be often regarded to interact with each other, such as electroencephalogram (EEG) in the brain. To investigate the dynamical properties of such systems, in this paper, we consider two populations of phase oscillators with different frequency distributions, particularly under the condition that the average frequency of fast oscillators is almost equal to the integral multiple of that of slow oscillators. What is the most important point is that we have to use the specific type of the coupling function derived from the phase reduction theory. Under some additional assumption, moreover, we can reduce the system consisting of two populations of coupled phase oscillators to a low-dimensional system in the continuum limit. As a result, we find chimera states in which clustering and incoherent states coexist. We also confirm that the behaviors of the derived low-dimensional model fairly agree with that of the original one.

Yu Terada; Toshio Aoyagi

2014-11-19T23:59:59.000Z

83

Determination of the Distribution and Inventory of Radionuclides within a Savannah River Site Waterway - 13202  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

An investigation was conducted to evaluate the radionuclide inventory within the Lower Three Runs (LTR) Integrator Operable Unit (IOU) at the U.S. Department of Energy's (DOE's) Savannah River Site (SRS). The scope of this effort included the analysis of previously existing sampling and analysis data as well as additional stream bed and flood plain sampling and analysis data acquired to delineate horizontal and vertical distributions of the radionuclide as part of the ongoing SRS environmental restoration program, and specifically for the LTR IOU program. While cesium-137 (Cs-137) is the most significant and abundant radionuclide associated with the LTR IOU it is not the only radionuclide, hence the scope included evaluating all radionuclides present and includes an evaluation of inventory uncertainty for use in sensitivity and uncertainty analyses. The scope involved evaluation of the radionuclide inventory in the P-Reactor and R-Reactor cooling water effluent canal systems, PAR Pond (including Pond C) and the flood plain and stream sediment sections of LTR between the PAR Pond Dam and the Savannah River. The approach taken was to examine all of the available Sediment and Sediment/Soil analysis data available along the P- and R-Reactor cooling water re-circulation canal system, the ponds situated along those canal reaches and along the length of LTR below Par Pond dam. By breaking the IOU into a series of sub-components and sub-sections, the mass of contaminated material was estimated and a representative central concentration of each radionuclide was computed for each compartment. The radionuclide inventory associated with each sub-compartment was then aggregated to determine the total radionuclide inventory that represented the full LTR IOU. Of special interest was the inventory of Cs-137 due to its role in contributing to the potential dose to an offsite member of the public. The overall LTR IOU inventory of Cs-137 was determined to be 2.87 E+02 GBq, which is similar to two earlier estimates. This investigation provides an independent, ground-up estimate of Cs-137 inventory in LTR IOU utilizing the most recent field data. (authors)

Hiergesell, R.A.; Phifer, M.A. [Savannah River National Laboratory, SRNS Bldg. 773-43A, Aiken, SC 29808 (United States)] [Savannah River National Laboratory, SRNS Bldg. 773-43A, Aiken, SC 29808 (United States)

2013-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

84

DETERMINATION OF THE DISTRIBUTION AND INVENTORY OF RADIONUCLIDES WITHIN A SAVANNAH RIVER SITE WATERWAY  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

An investigation was conducted to evaluate the radionuclide inventory within the Lower Three Runs (LTR) Integrator Operable Unit (IOU) at the U.S. Department of Energy’s (DOE’s) Savannah River Site (SRS). The scope of this effort included the analysis of previously existing sampling and analysis data as well as additional streambed and floodplain sampling and analysis data acquired to delineate horizontal and vertical distributions of the radionuclide as part of the ongoing SRS environmental restoration program, and specifically for the LTR IOU program. While cesium-137 (Cs-137) is the most significant and abundant radionuclide associated with the LTR IOU it is not the only radionuclide, hence the scope included evaluating all radionuclides present and includes an evaluation of inventory uncertainty for use in sensitivity and uncertainty analyses. The scope involved evaluation of the radionuclide inventory in the P-Reactor and RReactor cooling water effluent canal systems, PAR Pond (including Pond C) and the floodplain and stream sediment sections of LTR between the PAR Pond Dam and the Savannah River. The approach taken was to examine all of the available Sediment and Sediment/Soil analysis data available along the P- and R-Reactor cooling water re-circulation canal system, the ponds situated along those canal reaches and along the length of LTR below Par Pond dam. By breaking the IOU into a series of sub-components and sub-sections, the mass of contaminated material was estimated and a representative central concentration of each radionuclide was computed for each compartment. The radionuclide inventory associated with each sub-compartment was then aggregated to determine the total radionuclide inventory that represented the full LTR IOU. Of special interest was the inventory of Cs-137 due to its role in contributing to the potential dose to an offsite member of the public. The overall LTR IOU inventory of Cs-137 was determined to be 75.5 Ci, which is similar to two earlier estimates. This investigation provides an independent, ground-up estimate of Cs-137 inventory in LTR IOU utilizing the most recent field data.

Hiergesell, R.; Phifer, M.

2012-11-09T23:59:59.000Z

85

Modeling the dynamic response of pressures in a distributed helium refrigeration system  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A mathematical model is created of the dynamic response of pressures caused by flow inputs to an existing distributed helium refrigeration system. The dynamic system studied consists of the suction and discharge pressure headers and compressor portions of the refrigeration system used to cool the superconducting magnets of the Tevatron accelerator at the Fermi National Accelerator Laboratory. The modeling method involves identifying the system from data recorded during a series of controlled tests, with effort made to detect locational differences in pressure response around the four mile accelerator circumference. A review of the fluid mechanics associated with the system indicates linear time invariant models are suitable for the identification, particularly since the governing equations of one dimensional fluid flow are approximated by linear differential equations. An outline of the experimental design and the data acquisition system are given, followed by a detailed description of the modeling, which utilized the Matlab programming language and associated System Identification Toolbox. Two representations of the system are presented. One, a black box model, provides a multi-input, multi-output description assembled from the results of single input step function testing. This description indicates definite variation in pressure response with distance from the flow input location, and also suggests subtle differences in response with the input location itself. A second system representation is proposed which details the relation between continuous flow changes and pressure response, and provides explanation of a previously unappreciated pressure feedback internal to the system.

Brubaker, J.C.

1997-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

86

The development of MRI for the determination of porosity distribution in reservoir core samples  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Sandstone appeared to be very isotropic while the Austin Chalk exhibited varying degrees of correlation in the directions considered. A comparison between the correlation of MRI derived core plug size porosity distributions and foot by foot whole core.... . Spatial Correlation of Porosity Data. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Comparison with Foot by Foot Vertical Data. . Composite Sample Distribution. . Reproducibility. . 22 , 25 . . . . 30 . . . . . 4 2 . 44 . 47 CHAPTER V ? CONCLUSIONS...

Shivers, Jon Blake

1991-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

87

Individual eigenvalue distributions for chGSE-chGUE crossover and determination of low-energy constants in two-color QCD+QED  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We compute statistical distributions of individual low-lying eigenvalues of random matrix ensembles interpolating chiral Gaussian symplectic and unitary ensembles. To this aim we use the Nystrom-type discretization of Fredholm Pfaffians and resolvents of the dynamical Bessel kernel containing a single crossover parameter \\rho. The \\rho-dependent distributions of the four smallest eigenvalues are then used to fit the Dirac spectra of modulated SU(2) lattice gauge theory, in which the reality of the staggered SU(2) Dirac operator is weakly violated either by the U(1) gauge field or by a constant background flux. Combined use of individual eigenvalue distributions is effective in reducing statistical errors in \\rho; its linear dependence on the imaginary chemical potential \\mu_I enables precise determination of the pseudo-scalar decay constant F of the SU(2) gauge theory from a small lattice. The U(1)-coupling dependence of an equivalent of F^2 \\mu_I^2 in the SU(2) x U(1) theory is also obtained.

Nishigaki, Shinsuke M

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

88

Application of the Grillage Methodology to Determine Load Distribution Factors for Spread Slab Beam Bridges  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Transverse load distribution behavior amongst bridge girders is influenced by many parameters including girder material properties, spacing, skew, deck design, and stiffening element interactions. In order to simply and conservatively approximate...

Petersen-Gauthier, Joel

2013-08-09T23:59:59.000Z

89

The uncertainties due to quark energy loss on determining nuclear sea quark distribution from nuclear Drell-Yan data  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

By means of two different parametrizations of quark energy loss and the nuclear parton distributions determined only with lepton-nuclear deep inelastic scattering experimental data, a leading order phenomenological analysis is performed on the nuclear Drell-Yan differential cross section ratios as a function of the quark momentum fraction in the beam proton and target nuclei for E772 experimental data. It is shown that there is the quark energy loss effect in nuclear Drell-Yan process apart from the nuclear effects on the parton distribution as in deep inelastic scattering. The uncertainties due to quark energy loss effect is quantified on determining nuclear sea quark distribution by using nuclear Drell-Yan data. It is found that the quark energy loss effect on nuclear Drell-Yan cross section ratios make greater with the increase of quark momentum fraction in the target nuclei. The uncertainties from quark energy loss become bigger as the nucleus A come to be heavier. The Drell-Yan data on proton incident middle and heavy nuclei versus deuterium would result in an overestimate for nuclear modifications on sea quark distribution functions with neglecting the quark energy loss. Our results are hoped to provide good directional information on the magnitude and form of nuclear modifications on sea quark distribution functions by means of the nuclear Drell-Yan experimental data.

C. G. Duan; N. Liu; G. L. Li

2008-11-05T23:59:59.000Z

90

Ion distribution dynamics near the Earth's bow shock: rst measurements with the 2D ion energy spectrometer CORALL on  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of supra- thermal ion populations upstream and downstream from the bow shock do not depend on the solarIon distribution dynamics near the Earth's bow shock: ®rst measurements with the 2D ion energy the Earth's bow shock is studied on the basis of quasi-3D measurements of ion energy spectra in the range

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

91

Supplement to the ``determination analysis`` (ORNL-6847) and analysis of the NEMA efficiency standard for distribution transformers  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This report contains additional information for use by the US Department of Energy in making a determination on proposing energy conservation standards for distribution transformers as required by the Energy Policy Act of 1992. An earlier determination study by the Oak Ridge National Laboratory determined that cost-effective, technically feasible energy savings could be achieved by distribution transformer standards and that these savings are significant relative to other product conservation standards. This study was documented in a final report, ``Determination Analysis of Energy Conservation Standards for Distribution Transformers`` (ORNL-6847, July 1996). The energy conservation options analyzed in this study were estimated to save 5.2 to 13.7 quads from 2000--2030. The energy savings for the determination study cases have been revised downward for a number of reasons. The transformer market, both present and future, was overestimated in the previous study, particularly for dry-type transformers, which have the greatest energy-saving potential. Moreover, a revision downwards of the effective annual loads for utility owned transformers also results in lower energy savings. The present study assesses four of the five conservation cases from the earlier determination study as well as the National Electrical Manufacturers Association energy efficiency standard NEMA TP 1-1996 using the updated data and a more accurate disaggregated analysis model. According to these new estimates, the savings ranged from 2.5 to 10.7 quads of primary energy for the 30-year period 2004 to 2034. For the TP-1 case, data were available to calculate the payback period required to recover the extra cost from the value of the energy saved. The average payback period based on the average national cost of electricity is 2.76 years. 15 figs., 23 tabs.

Barnes, P.R.; Das, S.; McConnell, B.W.; Van Dyke, J.W.

1997-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

92

Understanding plume splitting of laser ablated plasma: A view from ion distribution dynamics  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Plume splitting in low-pressure ambient air was understood in view of ion distribution dynamics from the laser ablated Al plasma (1064 nm 0.57 J/mm{sup 2}) by combining fast photography and spatially resolved spectroscopy. In the beginning, the spectral lines were mainly from the Al III ion. Then, the Bragg peak in stopping power of the ambient gas to Al III could be the dominant reason for the enhanced emission from the fast moving part, and the recombination of Al III to Al I-II ions near the target surface was response to the radiations from the slow moving/stationary part. As the ambient gas pressure increased, stopping distances of the Al III decreased, and radiation from the air ions became pronounced. The laser shadowgraph image at 1100 Pa indicated that the shock wave front located between the fast moving and slow moving parts. Electron densities of the fast moving plasma, which peaked at the plasma front, were on the order of 10{sup 16} cm{sup ?3}, and the electron temperatures were 2–3 eV.

Wu, Jian; Li, Xingwen; Wei, Wenfu; Jia, Shenli; Qiu, Aici [State Key Laboratory of Electrical Insulation and Power Equipment, Xi'an Jiaotong University, Shaanxi 710049 (China)] [State Key Laboratory of Electrical Insulation and Power Equipment, Xi'an Jiaotong University, Shaanxi 710049 (China)

2013-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

93

Distributed and Adaptive Algorithms for Vehicle Routing in a Stochastic and Dynamic Environment  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In this paper we present distributed and adaptive algorithms for motion coordination of a group of m autonomous vehicles. The vehicles operate in a convex environment with bounded velocity and must service demands whose time of arrival, location and on-site service are stochastic; the objective is to minimize the expected system time (wait plus service) of the demands. The general problem is known as the m-vehicle Dynamic Traveling Repairman Problem (m-DTRP). The best previously known control algorithms rely on centralized a-priori task assignment and are not robust against changes in the environment, e.g. changes in load conditions; therefore, they are of limited applicability in scenarios involving ad-hoc networks of autonomous vehicles operating in a time-varying environment. First, we present a new class of policies for the 1-DTRP problem that: (i) are provably optimal both in light- and heavy-load condition, and (ii) are adaptive, in particular, they are robust against changes in load conditions. Second,...

Pavone, Marco; Bullo, Francesco

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

94

A study to determine the most effective actuation valve and water distribution head combination for emergency showers  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

for corrosion and wear. Pressure test to determine strength. (5) Remove shower head and dismantle. Clean scale and rust, from the head inlet and from the slots or orifices in the baffle plate. (6) Reassemble. (7) Open OSBY valve and replace seal..., and orifice sprinkler water distribution heads to determine which valve/head combination produced the greatest flow rate at varying static water pressures. Flow rates were measured at static pressures of 20, 30. 40, 50, and 60 pounds per square inch gauge...

Presswood, James Columbus

1977-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

95

A particle size distribution was determined from the image analysis. With more expensive equipment,  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

contributes to fines generation during mining operations, the best practice is to replace drill bits Distribution Analysis Overview Kennametal, Incorporated is a major manufacturer of drill bits for mining ideally sized, half-inch pieces of coal. Because dull drill bits on mining machines significantly

Demirel, Melik C.

96

Computing leakage current distributions and determination of minimum leakage vectors for combinational designs  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

approach to determine and implicitly represent the leakage value for all input vectors of a combinational circuit is presented. In its exact form, this technique can compute the leakage value of each input vector, by storing these leakage values implicitly...

Gulati, Kanupriya

2006-08-16T23:59:59.000Z

97

A system for the tomographic determination of the power distribution in electron beams  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A computer tomographic technique was developed to measure the current density distribution in electron beams. This technique uses electron-beam profile data acquired from a modified Faraday cup to create an image of the current density in high power beams. The beam profile data is acquired by sweeping the beam across a narrow slit. The beam current, integrated along the axis of the slit, is captured by a Faraday cup and its waveform is recorded by a digitizing storage oscilloscope. The slit is repeatedly rotated and beam current waveforms are recorded at regularly spaced angles. A 2-dimensional image of the current density distribution in the beam is reconstructed from this information, providing quantitative information about the beam focus and alignment. This paper discusses the techniques used to record beam profiles, discusses the computer tomographic reconstruction of beams, and presents an example of how this method can be used to control beam focus in an unbiased way. 7 refs.

Teruya, A.; Elmer, J.; O`Brien, D.

1991-12-06T23:59:59.000Z

98

System for tomographic determination of the power distribution in electron beams  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A tomographic technique is disclosed for measuring the current density distribution in electron beams using electron beam profile data acquired from a modified Faraday cup to create an image of the current density in high and low power beams. The modified Faraday cup includes a narrow slit and is rotated by a stepper motor and can be moved in the x, y and z directions. The beam is swept across the slit perpendicular thereto and controlled by deflection coils, and the slit rotated such that waveforms are taken every few degrees form 0[degree] to 360[degree] and the waveforms are recorded by a digitizing storage oscilloscope. Two-dimensional and three-dimensional images of the current density distribution in the beam can be reconstructed by computer tomography from this information, providing quantitative information about the beam focus and alignment. 12 figures.

Elmer, J.W.; Teruya, A.T.; O'Brien, D.W.

1995-01-17T23:59:59.000Z

99

System for tomographic determination of the power distribution in electron beams  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A tomographic technique for measuring the current density distribution in electron beams using electron beam profile data acquired from a modified Faraday cup to create an image of the current density in high and low power beams. The modified Faraday cup includes a narrow slit and is rotated by a stepper motor and can be moved in the x, y and z directions. The beam is swept across the slit perpendicular thereto and controlled by deflection coils, and the slit rotated such that waveforms are taken every few degrees form 0.degree. to 360.degree. and the waveforms are recorded by a digitizing storage oscilloscope. Two-dimensional and three-dimensional images of the current density distribution in the beam can be reconstructed by computer tomography from this information, providing quantitative information about the beam focus and alignment.

Elmer, John W. (Pleasanton, CA); Teruya, Alan T. (Livermore, CA); O'Brien, Dennis W. (Livermore, CA)

1995-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

100

System for tomographic determination of the power distribution in electron beams  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A tomographic technique for measuring the current density distribution in electron beams using electron beam profile data acquired from a modified Faraday cup to create an image of the current density in high and low power beams. The modified Faraday cup includes a narrow slit and is rotated by a stepper motor and can be moved in the x, y and z directions. The beam is swept across the slit perpendicular thereto and controlled by deflection coils, and the slit rotated such that waveforms are taken every few degrees form 0{degree} to 360{degree} and the waveforms are recorded by a digitizing storage oscilloscope. Two-dimensional and three-dimensional images of the current density distribution in the beam can be reconstructed by computer tomography from this information, providing quantitative information about the beam focus and alignment. 12 figs.

Elmer, J.W.; Teruya, A.T.; O`Brien, D.W.

1995-11-21T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "determination distributed dynamic" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
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We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


101

Calculation of the distribution of eigenvalues and eigenvectors in Markovian state models for molecular dynamics  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

such as Folding@Home.1 After generating large ensembles of molecular dynamics simulations, we wish to analyze

Hinrichs, Nina Singhal

102

Funnel-Like Organization in Sequence Space Determines the Distributions of Protein Stability and Folding Rate  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

determinants of protein folding, we map out the complete organization of thermody- namic and kinetic properties simplified models of protein folding. We obtain a stability map and a folding rate map in sequence space. Proteins 2004;55:107­114. © 2004 Wiley-Liss, Inc. Key words: protein folding; protein sequence struc- ture

Levitt, Michael

103

Dynamical coupled-channels model of $K^- p$ reactions (I): Determination of partial-wave amplitudes  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We develop a dynamical coupled-channels model of K^- p reactions, aiming at extracting the parameters associated with hyperon resonances and providing the elementary antikaon-nucleon scattering amplitudes that can be used for investigating various phenomena in the strangeness sector such as the production of hypernuclei from kaon-nucleus reactions. The model consists of (a) meson-baryon (MB) potentials v_{M'B',MB} derived from the phenomenological SU(3) Lagrangian, and (b) vertex interactions Gamma_{MB,Y*} for describing the decays of the bare excited hyperon states (Y*) into MB states. The model is defined in a channel space spanned by the two-body barK N, pi Sigma, pi Lambda, eta Lambda, and K Xi states and also the three-body pi pi Lambda and pi barK N states that have the resonant pi Sigma* and barK* N components, respectively. The resulting coupled-channels scattering equations satisfy the multichannel unitarity conditions and account for the dynamical effects arising from the off-shell rescattering processes. The model parameters are determined by fitting the available data of the unpolarized and polarized observables of the K^- p --> barK N, pi Sigma, pi Lambda, eta Lambda, K Xi reactions in the energy region from the threshold to invariant mass W=2.1 GeV. Two models with equally good chi^2 fits to the data have been constructed. The partial-wave amplitudes obtained from the constructed models are compared with the results from a recent partial-wave analysis by the Kent State University group. We discuss the differences between these three analysis results. Our results at energies near the threshold suggest that the higher partial waves should be treated on the same footing as the S wave if one wants to understand the nature of Lambda(1405)1/2^- using the data below the barK N threshold, as will be provided by the J-PARC E31 experiment.

H. Kamano; S. X. Nakamura; T. -S. H. Lee; T. Sato

2014-12-12T23:59:59.000Z

104

Globally Distributed Engineering Teams in Computational Fluid Dynamics and in Product Development  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, experimental research on idea generation methods used in globally distributed teams during the conceptual design phase of the product development process is presented. An experimental study simulating the global distribution of a three person Computational...

Schmidt, Susanne R.

2010-10-12T23:59:59.000Z

105

Policy Building Blocks: Helping Policymakers Determine Policy Staging for the Development of Distributed PV Markets: Preprint  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

There is a growing body of qualitative and a limited body of quantitative literature supporting the common assertion that policy drives development of clean energy resources. Recent work in this area indicates that the impact of policy depends on policy type, length of time in place, and economic and social contexts of implementation. This work aims to inform policymakers about the impact of different policy types and to assist in the staging of those policies to maximize individual policy effectiveness and development of the market. To do so, this paper provides a framework for policy development to support the market for distributed photovoltaic systems. Next steps include mathematical validation of the framework and development of specific policy pathways given state economic and resource contexts.

Doris, E.

2012-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

106

E-Print Network 3.0 - approximate distributed dynamic Sample...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

of Cambridge Collection: Engineering ; Computer Technologies and Information Sciences 59 Processing of Time Series by Neural Circuits with Biologically Realistic Synaptic Dynamics...

107

Regularization Method And Its Application In Problem Of Determination A Radial Distribution Of Spectral Lines  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

There are a lot of methods dealing with the problems how to get the local radial intensity from a measured lateral intensity of the spectral line. All of them need some a priori information and often a preliminary filtering of the signal. Thus, it is always a question about loosing the useful information of the signal. One of the methods for determination radial intensity is a Tikhonov regularization method. This method requires minimum a priori information such as: the intensity is a monotone positive function. To check applicability limitations of the method, some model functions have been introduced. Special attention was devoted to the model function with the fine structure.

Vuceljic, M. J. [University of Montenegro, Faculty of Natural Science and Mathematic, Podgorica (Serbia)

2007-04-23T23:59:59.000Z

108

Method and apparatus for determining the content and distribution of a thermal neutron absorbing material in an object  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

The disclosure is directed to an apparatus and method for determining the content and distribution of a thermal neutron absorbing material within an object. Neutrons having an energy higher than thermal neutrons are generated and thermalized. The thermal neutrons are detected and counted. The object is placed between the neutron generator and the neutron detector. The reduction in the neutron flux corresponds to the amount of thermal neutron absorbing material in the object. The object is advanced past the neutron generator and neutron detector to obtain neutron flux data for each segment of the object. The object may comprise a space reactor heat pipe and the thermal neutron absorbing material may comprise lithium.

Crane, Thomas W. (Los Alamos, NM)

1986-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

109

Dynamical description of the moments of the energy distribution of fission fragments and scission of a fissile nucleus  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A multidimensional stochastic approach to fission dynamics on the basis of three-dimensional Langevin equations is applied systematically to calculating the first four moments of the energy distribution of fission fragments over a broad range of Coulomb parameter values (700 < Z{sup 2}/A{sup 1/3} < 1700). For the scission of a fissile nucleus into fragments, use was made of various criteria traditional in modern fission theory: the vanishing of the neck radius at the scission instant and the equality of the neck radius to about 0.3R{sub 0} at this instant. In calculating the energy distribution, both of the criteria used lead to a fairly good description of experimental data on the first two moments and to a satisfactory description of data on the third and fourth moments of the distribution. However, the quality of the description of available experimental data is insufficiently good for giving preference to any of these criteria. Within three-dimensional Langevin dynamics, it is shown that the vanishing-radius criterion leads to unexpectably good agreement with experimental data on the first four moments of the energy distribution. A modified version of one-body dissipation where the coefficient that takes into account the reduction of the wall-formula contribution was set to k{sub s} = 0.25 was used in the calculations.

Borunov, M. V., E-mail: bmv@opsb.ru; Nadtochy, P. N.; Adeev, G. D. [Omsk State University (Russian Federation)

2007-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

110

Dynamical kurtosis of net and total proton distributions in STAR at RHIC  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We report the energy and centrality dependence of dynamical kurtosis for Au + Au collisions at $\\sqrt{s_{NN}}$ = 7.7, 11.5, 19.6, 27, 39, 62.4 and 200 GeV at RHIC. The dynamical kurtosis of net-proton is compared to that of total-proton. The results are also compared with AMPT model calculations.

Zhiming Li

2013-01-31T23:59:59.000Z

111

Determination of plasma ion velocity distribution via charge-exchange recombination spectroscopy  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Spectroscopy of line radiation from plasma impurity ions excited by charge-exchange recombination reactions with energetic neutral beam atoms is rapidly becoming recognized as a powerful technique for measuring ion temperature, bulk plasma motion, impurity transport, and more exotic phenomena such as fast alpha particle distributions. In particular, this diagnostic offers the capability of obtaining space- and time-resolved ion temperature and toroidal plasma rotation profiles with relatively simple optical systems. Cascade-corrected excitation rate coefficients for use in both fully stripped impurity density studies and ion temperature measurements have been calculated to the principal ..delta..n = 1 transitions of He+, C/sup 5 +/, and O/sup 7 +/ with neutral beam energies of 5 to 100 keV/amu. A fiber optically coupled spectrometer system has been used on PDX to measure visible He/sup +/ radiation excited by charge exchange. Central ion temperatures up to 2.4 keV and toroidal rotation speeds up to 1.5 x 10/sup 7/ cm/s were observed in diverted discharges with P/sub INJ/ less than or equal to 3.0 MW.

Fonck, R.J.; Darrow, D.S.; Jaehnig, K.P.

1983-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

112

Trigger probe for determining the orientation of the power distribution of an electron beam  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

The present invention relates to a probe for determining the orientation of electron beams being profiled. To accurately time the location of an electron beam, the probe is designed to accept electrons from only a narrowly defined area. The signal produced from the probe is then used as a timing or triggering fiducial for an operably coupled data acquisition system. Such an arrangement eliminates changes in slit geometry, an additional signal feedthrough in the wall of a welding chamber and a second timing or triggering channel on a data acquisition system. As a result, the present invention improves the accuracy of the resulting data by minimizing the adverse effects of current slit triggering methods so as to accurately reconstruct electron or ion beams.

Elmer, John W. (Danville, CA); Palmer, Todd A. (Livermore, CA); Teruya, Alan T. (Livermore, CA)

2007-07-17T23:59:59.000Z

113

Altitude Distribution of the Auroral Acceleration Potential Determined from Cluster Satellite Data at Different Heights  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Aurora, commonly seen in the polar sky, is a ubiquitous phenomenon occurring on Earth and other solar system planets. The colorful emissions are caused by electron beams hitting the upper atmosphere, after being accelerated by quasistatic electric fields at 1-2 R{sub E} altitudes, or by wave electric fields. Although aurora was studied by many past satellite missions, Cluster is the first to explore the auroral acceleration region with multiprobes. Here, Cluster data are used to determine the acceleration potential above the aurora and to address its stability in space and time. The derived potential comprises two upper, broad U-shaped potentials and a narrower S-shaped potential below, and is stable on a 5 min time scale. The scale size of the electric field relative to that of the current is shown to depend strongly on altitude within the acceleration region. To reveal these features was possible only by combining data from the two satellites.

Marklund, Goeran T.; Sadeghi, Soheil; Karlsson, Tomas; Lindqvist, Per-Arne [Space and Plasma Physics, School of Electrical Engineering, KTH, SE 10044 Stockholm (Sweden); Nilsson, Hans [Swedish Institute of Space Physics, Box 812, SE 981 28 Kiruna (Sweden); Forsyth, Colin; Fazakerley, Andrew [Mullard Space Science Laboratory, University College, Holmbury St Mary, Dorking, Surrey RH5 6NT (United Kingdom); Lucek, Elizabeth A. [Space and Atmospheric Physics Group, Blacket Laboratory, Imperial College, London (United Kingdom); Pickett, Jolene [Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of Iowa, Iowa City, Iowa 52242-1479 (United States)

2011-02-04T23:59:59.000Z

114

Determination of aerosol size distributions at uranium mill tailings remedial action project sites  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) has an ongoing program, the Uranium Mill Tailings Remedial Action (UMTRA) Project, to stabilize piles of uranium mill tailings in order to reduce the potential radiological hazards to the public. Protection of workers and the general public against airborne radioactivity during remedial action is a top priority at the UMTRA Project. The primary occupational radionuclides of concern are {sup 230}Th, {sup 226}Ra, {sup 210}Pb, {sup 210}Po, and the short-lived decay products of {sup 222}Rn with {sup 230}Th causing the majority of the committed effective dose equivalent (CEDE) from inhaling uranium mill tailings. Prior to this study, a default particle size of 1.0 {mu}m activity median aerodynamic diameter (AMAD) was assumed for airborne radioactive tailings dust. Because of recent changes in DOE requirements, all DOE operations are now required to use the CEDE methodology, instead of the annual effective dose equivalent (AEDE) methodology, to evaluate internal radiation exposures. Under the transition from AEDE to CEDE, with a 1.0 {mu}m AMAD particle size, lower bioassay action levels would be required for the UMTRA Project. This translates into an expanded internal dosimetry program where significantly more bioassay monitoring would be required at the UMTRA Project sites. However, for situations where the particle size distribution is known to differ significantly from 1.0 {mu}m AMAD, the DOE allows for corrections to be made to both the estimated dose to workers and the derived air concentration (DAC) values. For particle sizes larger than 1.0 {mu}m AMAD, the calculated CEDE from inhaling tailings would be relatively lower.

Newton, G.J.; Reif, R.H. [CWM Federal Environmental Services, Inc., Albuquerque, NM (United States); Hoover, M.D.

1994-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

115

Determination of the Dynamic Characteristics in the CO Transient Process in a PEM Fuel Cell Woo-kum Lee and J. W. Van Zee  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Determination of the Dynamic Characteristics in the CO Transient Process in a PEM Fuel Cell Woo Road, Elkton, MD 21922-1488 Key words: PEM Fuel Cell, CO transient, Time constant Prepared publications #12;1 Determination of the Dynamic Characteristics in the CO Transient Process in a PEM Fuel Cell

Van Zee, John W.

116

Quantitative Determination of Chemical Processes by Dynamic Nuclear Polarization Enhanced Nuclear Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Dissolution dynamic nuclear polarization (DNP) provides several orders of magnitude of NMR signal enhancement by converting the much larger electron spin polarization to nuclear spin polarization. Polarization occurs at low temperature (1.4K...

Zeng, Haifeng

2012-07-16T23:59:59.000Z

117

Development of new parameters for structure determination and dynamic investigations on biomacromolecules by NMR  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) spectroscopy is unique in the content of structural as well as dynamic information that it can provide at atomic resolution. The aim of this PhD-thesis was to contribute to the understanding ...

Duchardt, Elke, 1975-

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

118

From Balanced Initial Occupant Distribution to Balanced Exit Usage in a Simulation Model of Pedestrian Dynamics  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

It is tested in this contribution if and to which extend a method of a pedestrian simulation tool that attempts to make pedestrians walk into the direction of estimated earliest arrival can help to automatically distribute pedestrians - who are initially distributed arbitrarily in the scenario - equally on the various exits of the scenario.

Kretz, Tobias

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

119

Marine particle dynamics : sinking velocities, size distributions, fluxes, and microbial degradation rates  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The sinking flux of particulate matter into the ocean interior is an oceanographic phenomenon that fuels much of the metabolic demand of the subsurface ocean and affects the distribution of carbon and other elements ...

McDonnell, Andrew M. P

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

120

Dynamically generated electric charge distributions in Abelian projected SU(2) lattice gauge theories  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We show in the maximal Abelian gauge the dynamical electric charge density generated by the coset fields, gauge fixing and ghosts shows antiscreening as in the case of the non-Abelian charge. We verify that with the completion of the ghost term all contributions to flux are accounted for in an exact lattice Ehrenfest relation.

A. Hart; R. W. Haymaker; Y. Sasai

1998-08-28T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "determination distributed dynamic" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


121

The potential for dynamic distribution systems to create a new energy marketplace  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

photovoltaic (PV) systems has fallen, on average, six to seven percent every year since 1998 (Feldman & Barbose microgrid technology developed through the Consortium for Electric Reliability Technology Solutions (CERTS reliability. The challenge is to further develop the dynamic disitribution system technology, including its

Van Veen, Barry D.

122

Dynamic Modeling of Aerobic Growth of Shewanella oneidensis. Predicting Triauxic Growth, Flux Distributions and Energy Requirement for Growth  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A model-based analysis is conducted to investigate metabolism of Shewanella oneidensis MR-1 strain in aerobic batch culture, which exhibits an intriguing growth pattern by sequentially consuming substrate (i.e., lactate) and by-products (i.e., pyruvate and acetate). A general protocol is presented for developing a detailed network-based dynamic model for S. oneidensis based on the Lumped Hybrid Cybernetic Model (LHCM) framework. The L-HCM, although developed from only limited data, is shown to accurately reproduce exacting dynamic metabolic shifts, and provide reasonable estimates of energy requirement for growth. Flux distributions in S. oneidensis predicted by the L-HCM compare very favorably with 13C-metabolic flux analysis results reported in the literature. Predictive accuracy is enhanced by incorporating measurements of only a few intracellular fluxes, in addition to extracellular metabolites. The L-HCM developed here for S. oneidensis is consequently a promising tool for the analysis of intracellular flux distribution and metabolic engineering.

Song, Hyun-Seob; Ramkrishna, Doraiswami; Pinchuk, Grigoriy E.; Beliaev, Alex S.; Konopka, Allan; Fredrickson, Jim K.

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

123

Rate of deformation in the Pasco Basin during the Miocene as determined by distribution of Columbia River basalt flows  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Detailed mapping of over 8000 square kilometers and logs from 20 core holes were used to determine the distribution and thickness of basalt flows and interbeds in the Pasco Basin. The data indicate the high-MgO Grande Ronde Basalt and Wanapum Basalt thicken from the northeast to the southwest. Deformation began in late Frenchman Springs time in the Saddle Mountains along a northwest-southeast trend and in Roza time along an east-west trend. By late Wanapum time, basalt flows were more restricted on the east side. Saddle Mountains Basalt flows spread out in the basin from narrow channels to the east. The Umatilla Member entered from the southeast and is confined to the south-central basin, while the Wilbur Creek, Asotin, Esquatzel, Pomona, and Elephant Mountain Members entered from the east and northeast. The distribution of these members is controlled by flow volume, boundaries of other flows, and developing ridges. The Wilbur Creek, Asotin, and Esquatzel flows exited from the basin in a channel along the northern margin of the Umatilla flow, while the Pomona and Elephant Mountain flows exited between Umtanum Ridge and Wallula Gap. The thickness of sedimentary interbeds and basalt flows indicated subsidence and/or uplift began in post-Grande Ronde time (14.5 million years before present) and continued through Saddle Mountains time (10.5 million years before present). Maximum subsidence occurred 40 kilometers (24 miles) north of Richland, Washington with an approximate rate of 25 meters (81 feet) per million years during the eruption of the basalt. Maximum uplift along the developing ridges was 70 meters (230 feet) per million years.

Reidel, S.P.; Ledgerwood, R.K.; Myers, C.W.; Jones, M.G.; Landon, R.D.

1980-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

124

An approach to determining nearshore bathymetry using remotely sensed ocean surface dynamics  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of the hydrodynamic coupling between the water depth and the wave kinematics, methods which would determine the ocean-dimensional algorithm developed to estimate water depths from remotely sensed information of the water surface, using. Wave conditions including monochromatic and irregular waves are simulated in the model. Mean flow

Kirby, James T.

125

Numerical determination of the basin of attraction for exponentially asymptotically autonomous dynamical  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Numerical determination of the basin of attraction for exponentially asymptotically autonomous the basin of attraction for autonomous equations focus on a bounded subset of the phase space. For non-autonomous asymptotically autonomous systems, we can map the infinite time interval to a finite, compact one. The basin

Dettweiler, Michael

126

Determination of the number of catalytic sites for ethylene-octene copolymers made with heterogeneous catalyst via interpretation of ?p13?sC NMR sequence distribution  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

DETERMINATION OF THE NUMBER OF CATALYTIC SITES FOR ETHYLENE-OCTENE COPOLYMERS MADE WITH HETEROGENEOUS CATALYST VIA INTERPRETATION OF C NMR SEQUENCE DISTRIBUTION A Thesis by DANIEL GENE MOLDOVAN Submitted to the Office of Graduate Studies... VIA INTERPRETATION OF C NMR SEQUENCE DISTRIBUTION A Thesis by DANIEL GENE MOLDOVAN Approved as to style and content by: C. A. J. oeve (Chair of t e committee) E. A. Meyers (Member) E. T. Ad m" (Member) J. S. Ham (Member) M. B. Hall (Head...

Moldovan, Daniel Gene

1990-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

127

Determination of power distribution in the VVER-440 core on the basis of data from in-core monitors by means of a metric analysis  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Problems associated with determining the power distribution in the VVER-440 core on the basis of a neutron-physics calculation and data from in-core monitors are considered. A new mathematical scheme is proposed for this on the basis of a metric analysis. In relation to the existing mathematical schemes, the scheme in question improves the accuracy and reliability of the resulting power distribution.

Kryanev, A. V.; Udumyan, D. K. [National Research Nuclear University “MEPHI,” (Russian Federation); Kurchenkov, A. Yu., E-mail: s327@vver.kiae.ru; Gagarinskiy, A. A. [National Research Center Kurchatov Institute (Russian Federation)

2014-12-15T23:59:59.000Z

128

Structural changes in block copolymer solution under shear flow as determined by nonequilibrium molecular dynamics  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A nonequilibrium molecular dynamics computer simulation on microsegregated solutions of symmetrical diblock copolymers is reported. As the polymer concentration increases, the system undergoes phase transitions in the following order: body centered cubic (BCC) micelles, hexagonal (HEX) cylinders, gyroid (GYR) bicontinuous networks, and lamellae (L), which are the same morphologies that have been reported for block copolymer melts. Structural classification is based on the patterns of the anisotropic static structure factor and characteristic 3-dimensional images. The systems in the BCC micellar ($\\rho\\sigma^{3}=0.3$) and HEX cylindrical ($\\rho\\sigma^{3}=0.4$) phases were then subjected to a steady planar shear flow. In weak shear flow, the segregated domains in both systems tend to rearrange into sliding parallel close-packed layers with their normal in the direction of the shear gradient. At higher shear rates both systems adopt a perpendicular lamellar structure with the normal along the neutral direction. A further increase in the shear rate results in a decrease in lamellar spacing without any further structural transitions. Two critical shear rate values that correspond to the demarcation of different structural behaviors were found.

Igor Rychkov; Kenichi Yoshikawa

2003-10-06T23:59:59.000Z

129

The Molecular Structure of a Phosphatidylserine Bilayer Determined by Scattering and Molecular Dynamics Simulations  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Phosphatidylserine (PS) lipids play essential roles in biological processes, including enzyme activation and apoptosis. We report on the molecular structure and atomic scale interactions of a fluid bilayer composed of 1-palmitoyl-2-oleoyl-sn-glycero-3-phosphatidylserine (POPS). A scattering density profile model, aided by molecular dynamics (MD) simulations, was developed to jointly refine different contrast small-angle neutron and X-ray scattering data, which yielded a lipid area of 62.7 A2 at 25 C. MD simulations with POPS lipid area constrained at different values were also performed using all-atom and aliphatic united-atom models. The optimal simulated bilayer was obtained using a model-free comparison approach. Examination of the simulated bilayer, which agrees best with the experimental scattering data, reveals a preferential interaction between Na+ ions and the terminal serine and phosphate moieties. Long-range inter-lipid interactions were identified, primarily between the positively charged ammonium, and the negatively charged carboxylic and phosphate oxygens. The area compressibility modulus KA of the POPS bilayer was derived by quantifying lipid area as a function of surface tension from area-constrained MD simulations. It was found that POPS bilayers possess a much larger KA than that of neutral phosphatidylcholine lipid bilayers. We propose that the unique molecular features of POPS bilayers may play an important role in certain physiological functions.

Pan, Jianjun [University of South Florida, Tampa (USF)] [University of South Florida, Tampa (USF); Cheng, Xiaolin [ORNL] [ORNL; Monticelli, Luca [Institut National de la Santé et de la Recherche Médicale (INSERM) and INTS, France] [Institut National de la Santé et de la Recherche Médicale (INSERM) and INTS, France; Heberle, Frederick A [ORNL] [ORNL; Kucerka, Norbert [Atomic Energy of Canada Limited (AECL), Canadian Neutron Beam Centre (CNBC) and Comenius University,] [Atomic Energy of Canada Limited (AECL), Canadian Neutron Beam Centre (CNBC) and Comenius University,; Tieleman, D. Peter [University of Calgary, ALberta, Canada] [University of Calgary, ALberta, Canada; Katsaras, John [ORNL] [ORNL

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

130

A dynamic slack management technique for real-time distributed embedded systems  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

`n' be the number of active task sets in a distributed system represented by product a10 a5 product 1 a2 a0 a2 productn a7 . Each task set producti is an acyclic graph input of tasks, processed by a network of nodes in order to achieve specific... graph input task set producti in the queue which arrived during the interval mod(t-rI-(t ?(r-1)I)) by their worst case delay bounds. Suppose a17 G1 a2 G2 a16 a0 a0 a0 Gk a18 represent the incoming graph input task sets at a given node and a17 G 1 a2 G2 a...

Acharya, Subrata

2006-04-12T23:59:59.000Z

131

Neutron to proton mass difference, parton distribution functions and baryon resonances from dynamics on the Lie group u(3)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We present a hamiltonian structure on the Lie group u(3) to describe the baryon spectrum. The ground state is identified with the proton. From this single fit we calculate approximately the relative neutron to proton mass shift to within half a percentage of the experimental value. From the same fit we calculate the nucleon and delta resonance spectrum with correct grouping and no missing resonances. For specific spin eigenfunctions we calculate the delta to nucleon mass ratio to within one percent. Finally we derive parton distribution functions that compare well with those for the proton valence quarks. The distributions are generated by projecting the proton state to space via the exterior derivative on u(3). We predict scarce neutral flavour singlets which should be visible in neutron diffraction dissociation experiments or in invariant mass spectra of protons and negative pions in B-decays and in photoproduction on neutrons. The presence of such singlet states distinguishes experimentally the present model from the standard model as does the prediction of the neutron to proton mass splitting. Conceptually the Hamiltonian may describe an effective phenomenology or more radically describe interior dynamics implying quarks and gluons as projections from u(3) which we then call allospace.

Ole L. Trinhammer

2011-09-22T23:59:59.000Z

132

Evaluation of the modified Anderson sampler for determining particle size distributions and respirable concentrations of particulate matter present in the working environment of cottonseed oil mills  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

EVALUATION OF THE MODIFIED ANDERSON SAMPLER FOR DETERMINING PARTICLE SIZE DISTRIBUTIONS AND RESPIRABLE CONCENTRATIONS OF PARTICULATE MATTER PRESENT IN THE WORKING ENVIRONMENT OF COTTONSEED OIL MILLS A Thesis by STANLEY WAYNE MATLOCK Submitted... to the Graduate College of Texas A&M University in partial fulfillment of the requirement for the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE August 1976 Major Subject: Agricultural Engineering FVALUATION OF THE MODIFIED ANDERSON SAMPLER FOR DETERMINING PARTICLE SIZE...

Matlock, Stanley Wayne

1976-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

133

Table lamp with dynamically controlled lighting distribution and uniformly illuminated luminous shade  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A double lamp table or floor lamp lighting system has a pair of compact fluorescent lamps (CFLs) or other lamps arranged vertically, i.e. one lamp above the other, with a reflective septum in between. By selectively turning on one or both of the CFLs, down lighting, up lighting, or both up and down lighting is produced. The control system can also vary the light intensity from each CFL. The reflective septum ensures that almost all the light produced by each lamp will be directed into the desired light distribution pattern which is selected and easily changed by the user. In a particular configuration, the reflective septum is bowl shaped, with the upper CFL sitting in the bowl, and a luminous shade hanging down from the bowl. The lower CFL provides both task lighting and uniform shade luminance. Planar compact fluorescent lamps, e.g. circular CFLs, particularly oriented horizontally, are preferable. CFLs provide energy efficiency. However, other types of lamps, including incandescent, halogen, and LEDs can also be used in the fixture. The lighting system may be designed for the home, hospitality, office or other environments.

Siminovitch, Michael J. (Pinole, CA); Page, Erik R. (Berkeley, CA)

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

134

Pilot Phase of a Field Study to Determine Waste of Water and Energy in Residential Hot-Water Distribution Systems  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

understanding the waste of energy and water in residentialStudy to Determine Waste of Water and Energy in ResidentialStudy to Determine Waste of Water and Energy in Residential

Lutz, Jim

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

135

Load controller and method to enhance effective capacity of a photovotaic power supply using a dynamically determined expected peak loading  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A load controller and method are provided for maximizing effective capacity of a non-controllable, renewable power supply coupled to a variable electrical load also coupled to a conventional power grid. Effective capacity is enhanced by monitoring power output of the renewable supply and loading, and comparing the loading against the power output and a load adjustment threshold determined from an expected peak loading. A value for a load adjustment parameter is calculated by subtracting the renewable supply output and the load adjustment parameter from the current load. This value is then employed to control the variable load in an amount proportional to the value of the load control parameter when the parameter is within a predefined range. By so controlling the load, the effective capacity of the non-controllable, renewable power supply is increased without any attempt at operational feedback control of the renewable supply. The expected peak loading of the variable load can be dynamically determined within a defined time interval with reference to variations in the variable load.

Perez, Richard (Delmar, NY)

2003-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

136

Determination of the relative power density distribution in a heterogeneous reactor from the results of measurements of the reactivity effects and the neutron importance function  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A method for experimental determination of the relative power density distribution in a heterogeneous reactor based on measurements of fuel reactivity effects and importance of neutrons from a californium source is proposed. The method was perfected on two critical assembly configurations at the NARCISS facility of the Kurchatov Institute, which simulated a small-size heterogeneous nuclear reactor. The neutron importance measurements were performed on subcritical and critical assemblies. It is shown that, along with traditionally used activation methods, the developed method can be applied to experimental studies of special features of the power density distribution in critical assemblies and reactors.

Bobrov, A. A.; Glushkov, E. S.; Zimin, A. A.; Kapitonova, A. V.; Kompaniets, G. V.; Nosov, V. I., E-mail: rpp@adis.vver.kiae.ru; Petrushenko, R. P.; Smirnov, O. N. [Russian Research Centre Kurchatov Institute (Russian Federation)

2012-12-15T23:59:59.000Z

137

The Separate Physics and Dynamics Experiment (SPADE) framework for determining resolution awareness: A case study of microphysics  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The ability to use multi-resolution dynamical cores for weather and climate modeling is pushing the atmospheric community towards developing scale aware or, more specifically, resolution aware parameterizations that will function properly across a range of grid spacings. Determining the resolution dependence of specific model parameterizations is difficult due to strong resolution dependencies in many pieces of the model. This study presents the Separate Physics and Dynamics Experiment (SPADE) framework that can be used to isolate the resolution dependent behavior of specific parameterizations without conflating resolution dependencies from other portions of the model. To demonstrate the SPADE framework, the resolution dependence of the Morrison microphysics from the Weather Research and Forecasting model and the Morrison-Gettelman microphysics from the Community Atmosphere Model are compared for grid spacings spanning the cloud modeling gray zone. It is shown that the Morrison scheme has stronger resolution dependence than Morrison-Gettelman, and that the ability of Morrison-Gettelman to use partial cloud fractions is not the primary reason for this difference. This study also discusses how to frame the issue of resolution dependence, the meaning of which has often been assumed, but not clearly expressed in the atmospheric modeling community. It is proposed that parameterization resolution dependence can be expressed in terms of "resolution dependence of the first type," RA1, which implies that the parameterization behavior converges towards observations with increasing resolution, or as "resolution dependence of the second type," RA2, which requires that the parameterization reproduces the same behavior across a range of grid spacings when compared at a given coarser resolution. RA2 behavior is considered the ideal, but brings with it serious implications due to limitations of parameterizations to accurately estimate reality with coarse grid spacing. The type of resolution awareness developers should target in their development depends upon the particular modeler’s application.

Gustafson, William I.; Ma, Po-Lun; Xiao, Heng; Singh, Balwinder; Rasch, Philip J.; Fast, Jerome D.

2013-08-29T23:59:59.000Z

138

On the distribution schemes for determining flows through a merge W. L. Jin and H. M. Zhang  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of a general Riemann problem will be of interest in future studies. Keywords: The kinematic wave traffic flow of realistic size. The kinematic wave model is a promising candidate for these tasks since it describes traffic for simulating traffic dynamics in a large network. In the seminal kinematic wave model by Lighthill

Mease, Kenneth D.

139

Determination of Optical-Field Ionization Dynamics in Plasmas through the Direct Measurement of the Optical Phase Change  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This is the final report of a three-year Laboratory Directed Research and Development (LDRD) Project at Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL). The detailed dynamics of an atom in a strong laser field is rich in both interesting physics and potential applications. The goal of this project was to develop a technique for characterizing high-field laser-plasma interactions with femtosecond resolution based on the direct measurement of the phase change of an optical pulse. The authors developed the technique of Multi-pulse Interferometric Frequency Resolved Optical Gating (MI-FROG), which recovers (to all orders) the phase difference between pumped and unpumped probe pulses, enabling the determination of sub-pulsewidth time-resolved phase and frequency shifts impressed by a pump pulse on a weak probe pulse. Using MI-FROG, the authors obtained the first quantitative measurements of high-field ionization rates in noble gases and diatomic molecules. They obtained agreement between the measured ionization rates an d those calculated for the noble gases and diatomic nitrogen and hydrogen using a one-dimensional fluid model and rates derived from tunneling theory. However, much higher rates are measured for diatomic oxygen than predicted by tunneling theory calculations.

Taylor, A.J.; Omenetto, G.; Rodriguez, G.; Siders, C.W.; Siders, J.L.W.; Downer, C.

1999-07-16T23:59:59.000Z

140

Performance of a Dynamically Controlled Inverter in a Photovoltaic System Interconnected with a Secondary Network Distribution System  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In 2008, a 300 kW{sub peak} photovoltaic (PV) system was installed on the rooftop of the Colorado Convention Center (CCC). The installation was unique for the electric utility, Xcel Energy, as it had not previously permitted a PV system to be interconnected on a building served by the local secondary network distribution system (network). The PV system was installed with several provisions; one to prevent reverse power flow, another called a dynamically controlled inverter (DCI), that curtails the output of the PV inverters to maintain an amount of load supplied by Xcel Energy at the CCC. The DCI system utilizes current transformers (CTs) to sense power flow to insure that a minimum threshold is maintained from Xcel Energy through the network transformers. The inverters are set to track the load on each of the three phases and curtail power from the PV system when the generated PV system current reaches 95% of the current on any phase. This is achieved by the DCI, which gathers inputs from current transformers measuring the current from the PV array, Xcel, and the spot network load. Preventing reverse power flow is a critical technical requirement for the spot network which serve this part of the CCC. The PV system was designed with the expectation that the DCI system would not curtail the PV system, as the expected minimum load consumption was historically higher than the designed PV system size. However, the DCI system has operated many days during the course of a year, and the performance has been excellent. The DCI system at the CCC was installed as a secondary measure to insure that a minimum level of power flows to the CCC from the Xcel Energy network. While this DCI system was intended for localized control, the system could also reduce output percent if an external smart grid control signal was employed. This paper specifically focuses on the performance of the innovative design at this installation; however, the DCI system could also be used for new s- art grid-enabled distribution systems where renewables power contributions at certain conditions or times may need to be curtailed.

Coddington, M. H.; Kroposki, B. D.; Basso, T.; Berger, D.; Crowell, K.; Hayes, J.

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "determination distributed dynamic" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


141

Dynamical friction in modified Newtonian dynamics  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We have tested a previous analytical estimate of the dynamical friction timescale in Modified Newtonian Dynamics (MOND) with fully non-linear N-body simulations. The simulations confirm that the dynamical friction timescale is significantly shorter in MOND than in equivalent Newtonian systems, i.e. systems with the same phase-space distribution of baryons and additional dark matter. An apparent conflict between this result and the long timescales determined for bars to slow and mergers to be completed in previous N-body simulations of MOND systems is explained. The confirmation of the short dynamical-friction timescale in MOND underlines the challenge that the Fornax dwarf spheroidal poses to the viability of MOND.

C. Nipoti; L. Ciotti; J. Binney; P. Londrillo

2008-03-31T23:59:59.000Z

142

Study of catalytic diffusion in coal. Final report for 1983/1984 SOMED Project. [Determination of pore (hole) size and pore shape distribution  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The purpose of our studies is to determine the pore (hole) size and pore shape distribution in standard bituminous coal samples from various Alabama coal seams such as that of the Mary Lee, Black Creek and Pratt during and after swelling of the coal with different solvents at various temperatures. These samples come from the Penn State Coal Sample Bank at Pennsylvania State University Coal Research Section and from Alabama's Mineral Industries. Methods have been developed in the laboratory whereby free radical probes of varying sizes can be diffused into the coal under various conditions. These probes can be detected and the environment surrounding the probes can be deduced by electron paramagnetic resonance (EPR) methods. To date, we have found that not only can the shape and size of the pores be determined, but that the size distribution varies from one bituminous coal seam to another, even for coal of the same rank, suggesting a different optimal catalyst should be used for each seam. The effect of oxygen on the coal samples during grinding has been studied; however, the free radical technique appears to be insensitive to the presence of oxygen effects. It is our goal to determine the structural differences between various bituminous coals. 9 references, 9 figures, 1 table.

Kispert, L.D.

1984-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

143

Observations of chromophoric dissolved and detrital organic matter distribution using remote sensing in the Southern Ocean: Validation, dynamics and regulation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

is related to its role attenuating solar radiation and affecting ocean color algorithms (Siegel et al., 2002 CDOM dynamics. First, the Southern Ocean is subject to extreme solar radiation in the austral summer sensing in the Southern Ocean: Validation, dynamics and regulation E. Ortega-Retuerta a,b, , D.A. Siegel c

Siegel, David A.

144

Numerical Simulation of Squeeze Film Dampers and Study of the Effect of Central Groove on the Dynamic Pressure Distribution  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. The behavior of dynamic pressure profiles at different operating conditions, and the effect of a central groove on dynamic pressure profiles were also studied. Simulation results of a 3D case which is similar to the one experimentally studied by Delgado were...

Boppa, Praneetha

2012-10-19T23:59:59.000Z

145

Experimental determination of the radial dose distribution in high gradient regions around {sup 192}Ir wires: Comparison of electron paramagnetic resonance imaging, films, and Monte Carlo simulations  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Purpose: The experimental determination of doses at proximal distances from radioactive sources is difficult because of the steepness of the dose gradient. The goal of this study was to determine the relative radial dose distribution for a low dose rate {sup 192}Ir wire source using electron paramagnetic resonance imaging (EPRI) and to compare the results to those obtained using Gafchromic EBT film dosimetry and Monte Carlo (MC) simulations. Methods: Lithium formate and ammonium formate were chosen as the EPR dosimetric materials and were used to form cylindrical phantoms. The dose distribution of the stable radiation-induced free radicals in the lithium formate and ammonium formate phantoms was assessed by EPRI. EBT films were also inserted inside in ammonium formate phantoms for comparison. MC simulation was performed using the MCNP4C2 software code. Results: The radical signal in irradiated ammonium formate is contained in a single narrow EPR line, with an EPR peak-to-peak linewidth narrower than that of lithium formate ({approx}0.64 and 1.4 mT, respectively). The spatial resolution of EPR images was enhanced by a factor of 2.3 using ammonium formate compared to lithium formate because its linewidth is about 0.75 mT narrower than that of lithium formate. The EPRI results were consistent to within 1% with those of Gafchromic EBT films and MC simulations at distances from 1.0 to 2.9 mm. The radial dose values obtained by EPRI were about 4% lower at distances from 2.9 to 4.0 mm than those determined by MC simulation and EBT film dosimetry. Conclusions: Ammonium formate is a suitable material under certain conditions for use in brachytherapy dosimetry using EPRI. In this study, the authors demonstrated that the EPRI technique allows the estimation of the relative radial dose distribution at short distances for a {sup 192}Ir wire source.

Kolbun, N.; Leveque, Ph.; Abboud, F.; Bol, A.; Vynckier, S.; Gallez, B. [Biomedical Magnetic Resonance Unit, Louvain Drug Research Institute, Universite catholique de Louvain, Avenue Mounier 73.40, B-1200 Brussels (Belgium); Molecular Imaging and Experimental Radiotherapy Unit, Institute of Experimental and Clinical Research, Universite catholique de Louvain, Avenue Hippocrate 55, B-1200 Brussels (Belgium); Biomedical Magnetic Resonance Unit, Louvain Drug Research Institute, Universite catholique de Louvain, Avenue Mounier 73.40, B-1200 Brussels (Belgium)

2010-10-15T23:59:59.000Z

146

Determining Lamprey Species Composition, Larval Distribution and Adult Abundance in the Deschutes River Subbasin, Oregon ; 2007 Annual Report.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We will report results of an ongoing project in the Deschutes River Subbasin to describe Pacific lamprey (Lampetra tridentata) life history. Project objectives were to determine adult lamprey escapement from Sherars Falls located at Rkm 70.4 and determine lamprey focal spawning areas, spawn timing and habitat through radio telemetry. A mark-recapture study and tribal creel was conducted to determine adult escapement. Lamprey were radio tagged and are currently being mobile, aerial and fixed site tracked to describe spawning. Adult lamprey were collected at Sherars Falls using a long-handled dip net from June-September 2007. The fate of lamprey collected at Sherars Falls was determined based on girth measurements. Fish measuring less than 10.5 cm received two markings for the mark-recapture estimation while those measuring 10.5 cm or greater were implanted with radio transmitters. Two-hundred and nine lamprey were marked during first event sampling, 2,501 lamprey inspected for marks and 64 recaptured during second event sampling. We estimate lamprey abundance to be 8,083 (6,352-10,279) with a relative precision of 19.8. Tribal harvest was 2,303 +/- 88. Escapement was estimated at 5,780 adult lamprey. Thirty-six lamprey received radio transmitters. Lamprey were transported upstream 6.3 Rkm for surgery, held to recover from anesthesia and released. Mobile tracking efforts started mid-July 2007 and are on-going. To date 35 of the 36 lamprey have been detected. Upon release, extensive ground-based tracking was conducted until fish became dormant in mid-October. Since, fixed site downloading and tracking have occurred weekly on the mainstem Deschutes River. Majority of lamprey (88%) are holding in the mainstem Deschutes River. Three lamprey moved upstream more than 70 Rkms into westside tributaries from August-December. Three moved approximately 18 Rkms downstream of the release site. Tracking will continue through the spawning season when redd characteristics will be measured and reported in the 2008-2009 annual report.

Fox, Matt; Graham, Jennifer C. [Department of Natural Resources, Confederated Tribes of the Warm Springs Reservation, Oregon

2009-06-26T23:59:59.000Z

147

The role of structure and entropy in determining differences in dynamics for glass formers with different interaction potentials  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We present a study of two model liquids with different interaction potentials, exhibiting similar structure but significantly different dynamics at low temperatures. By evaluating the configurational entropy, we show that the differences in the dynamics of these systems can be understood in terms of their thermodynamic differences. Analyzing their structure, we demonstrate that differences in pair correlation functions between the two systems, through their contribution to the entropy, dominate the differences in their dynamics, and indeed overestimate the differences. Including the contribution of higher order structural correlations to the entropy leads to smaller estimates for the relaxation times, as well as smaller differences between the two studied systems.

Atreyee Banerjee; Shiladitya Sengupta; Srikanth Sastry; Sarika Maitra Bhattacharyya

2014-04-03T23:59:59.000Z

148

Dynamic Jiles-Atherton Model for Determining the Magnetic Power Loss at High Frequency in Permanent Magnet Machines  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

BH curves at frequencies up to several kilohertz. B. Application of the Dynamic Jiles-Atherton Model to the Magnetic Loss of a PMSM (BLDC motor) According to Guo’s review paper, empirical formulae have been derived to model the magnetic properties... of the conventional time stepped FEM [11], [26], [27] to utilize the proposed dynamic Jiles-Atherton model to estimate the magnetic power loss in a PMSM. More mathematical work needs to be done to make the dynamic Jiles-Atherton model and time stepped FEM...

Du, Ruoyang; Student Member; IEEE; Robertson, Paul

2014-12-18T23:59:59.000Z

149

Vacancy diffusion in colloidal crystals as determined by dynamical density-functional theory and the phase-field-crystal model  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A two-dimensional crystal of repulsive dipolar particles is studied in the vicinity of its melting transition by using Brownian dynamics computer simulation, dynamical density functional theory and phase-field crystal modelling. A vacancy is created by taking out a particle from an equilibrated crystal and the relaxation dynamics of the vacancy is followed by monitoring the time-dependent one-particle density. We find that the vacancy is quickly filled up by diffusive hopping of neighbouring particles towards the vacancy center. We examine the temperature dependence of the diffusion constant and find that it decreases with decreasing temperature in the simulations. This trend is reproduced by the dynamical density functional theory. Conversely, the phase field crystal calculations predict the opposite trend. Therefore, the phase-field model needs a temperature-dependent expression for the mobility to predict trends correctly.

Sven van Teeffelen; Cristian Vasile Achim; Hartmut Löwen

2013-02-05T23:59:59.000Z

150

Power law and exponential ejecta size distributions from the dynamic fragmentation of shock-loaded Cu and Sn metals under melt conditions  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Large scale molecular dynamics (MD) simulations are performed to study and to model the ejecta production from the dynamic fragmentation of shock-loaded metals under melt conditions. A generic 3D crystal in contact with vacuum containing about 10{sup 8} atoms and with a sinusoidal free surface roughness is shock loaded so as to undergo a solid-liquid phase change on shock. The reflection of the shock wave at the interface metal/vacuum gives rise to the ejection of 2D jets/sheets of atoms (Richtmyer-Meshkov instabilities in the continuum limit), which develop and break up, forming ejecta (fragments) of different volumes (or mass). The fragmentation process is investigated by analyzing the evolution of the resulting volume distribution of the ejecta as a function of time. Two metals are studied (Cu and Sn) and the amplitude of the roughness is varied. The simulations show that the associated distributions exhibit a generic behavior with the sum of two distinct terms of varying weight, following the expansion rate of the jets: in the small size limit, the distribution obeys a power law dependence with an exponent equal to 1.15?±?0.08; and in the large size limit, it obeys an exponential form. These two components are interpreted, with the help of additional simple simulations, as the signature of two different basic mechanisms of fragmentation. The power law dependence results from the fragmentation of a 2D network of ligaments arranged following a fractal (scale free) geometry and generated when the sheets of liquid metal expand and tear. The exponential distribution results from a 1D Poisson fragmentation process of the largest ligaments previously generated. Unlike the power law distribution, it is governed by a characteristic length scale, which may be provided by energy balance principle.

Durand, O.; Soulard, L. [CEA, DAM, DIF, F-91297 Arpajon (France)

2013-11-21T23:59:59.000Z

151

Method and system for determining depth distribution of radiation-emitting material located in a source medium and radiation detector system for use therein  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A method, system and a radiation detector system for use therein are provided for determining the depth distribution of radiation-emitting material distributed in a source medium, such as a contaminated field, without the need to take samples, such as extensive soil samples, to determine the depth distribution. The system includes a portable detector assembly with an x-ray or gamma-ray detector having a detector axis for detecting the emitted radiation. The radiation may be naturally-emitted by the material, such as gamma-ray-emitting radionuclides, or emitted when the material is struck by other radiation. The assembly also includes a hollow collimator in which the detector is positioned. The collimator causes the emitted radiation to bend toward the detector as rays parallel to the detector axis of the detector. The collimator may be a hollow cylinder positioned so that its central axis is perpendicular to the upper surface of the large area source when positioned thereon. The collimator allows the detector to angularly sample the emitted radiation over many ranges of polar angles. This is done by forming the collimator as a single adjustable collimator or a set of collimator pieces having various possible configurations when connected together. In any one configuration, the collimator allows the detector to detect only the radiation emitted from a selected range of polar angles measured from the detector axis. Adjustment of the collimator or the detector therein enables the detector to detect radiation emitted from a different range of polar angles. The system further includes a signal processor for processing the signals from the detector wherein signals obtained from different ranges of polar angles are processed together to obtain a reconstruction of the radiation-emitting material as a function of depth, assuming, but not limited to, a spatially-uniform depth distribution of the material within each layer. The detector system includes detectors having different properties (sensitivity, energy resolution) which are combined so that excellent spectral information may be obtained along with good determinations of the radiation field as a function of position.

Benke, Roland R. (Helotes, TX); Kearfott, Kimberlee J. (Ann Arbor, MI); McGregor, Douglas S. (Ann Arbor, MI)

2003-03-04T23:59:59.000Z

152

Modeling kinetic partitioning of secondary organic aerosol and size distribution dynamics: representing effects of volatility, phase state, and particle-phase reaction  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Evidence is mounting that the majority of the climatically active aerosols are produced through the growth of smaller particles via secondary organic aerosol (SOA) formation from gas-to-particle conversion of anthropogenic and biogenic volatile organic compounds (VOCs). The timescale of SOA partitioning and the associated size distribution dynamics are expected to depend on the gas-phase oxidation of the precursor VOCs and their products, volatility of these organic solutes, composition and phase state of the pre-existing particles, and diffusivity and reactivity of the solute within the particle phase. This paper describes a new framework for modeling kinetic gas-particle partitioning of SOA, with an analytical treatment for the diffusion-reaction process within the particle phase. The formulation is amenable for eventual use in regional and global climate models, although it currently awaits implementation of the actual particle-phase reactions that are important for SOA formation. In the present work, the model is applied to investigate the competitive growth dynamics of the Aitken and accumulation mode particles while the Kelvin effect and coagulation are neglected for simplicity. The timescale of SOA partitioning and evolution of number and composition size distributions are evaluated for a range of solute volatilities (C*), particle-phase bulk diffusivities (Db), and particle-phase reactivity, as exemplified by a pseudo-first-order rate constant (kc). Results show that irreversible condensation of non-volatile organic vapors (equivalent to ) produces significant narrowing of the size distribution. At the other extreme, non-reactive partitioning of semi-volatile organic vapors is volume-controlled in which the final (equilibrium) size distribution simply shifts to the right on the diameter axis while its shape remains unchanged. However, appreciable narrowing of the size distribution may occur when the pre-existing particles are highly viscous semi-solids such that small particles reach quasi-equilibrium much faster than the large ones. In the case of reactive partitioning (finite ), the size distribution experiences permanent narrowing, which is especially pronounced for Db < 10-13 cm2 s-1 and kc > 0.01 s-1. As a result, both number and composition size distributions are needed to effectively constrain and evaluate the next generation of SOA models that treat phase state thermodynamics, particle-phase diffusion and particle-phase chemical reactions.

Zaveri, Rahul A.; Easter, Richard C.; Shilling, John E.; Seinfeld, J. H.

2014-05-27T23:59:59.000Z

153

Determination of Migration Parameters for Volatile Organic Compounds in Polyethylene Terephthalate and Nylon 6 by Dynamic Permeation Cell Method  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Determination of Migration Parameters for Volatile Organic Compounds in Polyethylene Terephthalate, such as low-density polyethylene (LDPE), high-density polyethylene (HDPE), and polypropylene (PP); however

Heller, Barbara

154

Unification of Dynamical Determination and Bare Minimal Phenomenological Constraints in No-Scale F-SU(5)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We revisit the construction of the viable parameter space of No-Scale F-SU(5), a model built on the F-lipped SU(5)xU(1)_X gauge group, supplemented by a pair of F-theory derived vector-like multiplets at the TeV scale, and the dynamically established boundary conditions of No-Scale Supergravity. Employing an updated numerical algorithm and a substantially upgraded computational engine, we significantly enhance the scope, detail and accuracy of our prior study. We sequentially apply a set of "bare-minimal" phenomenological constraints, consisting of i) the dynamically established boundary conditions of No-Scale Supergravity, ii) consistent radiative electroweak symmetry breaking, iii) precision LEP constraints on the light supersymmetric mass content, iv) the world average top-quark mass, and v) a light neutralino satisfying the 7-year WMAP cold dark matter relic density measurement. The overlap of the viable parameter space with key rare-process limits on the branching ratio for b to s gamma and the muon anomalous magnetic moment is identified as the "golden strip" of F-SU(5). A cross check for top-down theoretical consistency is provided by application of the "Super No-Scale" condition, which dynamically selects a pair of undetermined model parameters in a manner that is virtually identical to the corresponding phenomenological (driven primarily by the relic density) selection. The predicted vector-like particles are candidates for production at the future LHC, which is furthermore sensitive to a distinctive signal of ultra-high multiplicity hadronic jets. The lightest CP-even Higgs boson mass is predicted to be 120+3.5-1 GeV, with an additional 3-4 GeV upward shift possible from radiative loops in the vector-like multiplets. The predominantly bino flavored lightest neutralino is suitable for direct detection by the Xenon collaboration.

Tianjun Li; James A. Maxin; Dimitri V. Nanopoulos; Joel W. Walker

2012-03-19T23:59:59.000Z

155

The determination of the Reynolds shear stress distribution in the transition region resulting from a sudden increase in wall roughness in a two-dimensional channel  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

distributions, :Jacobs calculated shear stress distributions using the Prandtl mixing length equation and assuming a parabolic mixing length distribution. Jacobs developed a single equation to fit the shear stress distributions he had calculated.... with the findings of this report. It is felt that the wide discrepancies between the shear stresses reported by Jacobs and those measured in this investigation can be attributed to Jacobs' somewhat arbitrary assumption of a parabolic mixing length distribution...

Heilhecker, Joe Keith

1962-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

156

Dynamic simulation of a circulating fluidized bed boiler of low circulating ratio with wide particle size distributions  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A steady state model of a coal fired CFB boiler considering the hydrodynamics, heat transfer and combustion is presented. This model predicts the flue gas temperature, the chemical gas species (O{sub 2}, H{sub 2}O, CO, CO{sub 2} and SO{sub 2}) and char concentration distributions in both the axial and radial location along the furnace including the bottom and upper portion. The model was validated against experimental data generated in a 35 t/h commercial CFB boiler with low circulating ratio.

Lu Huilin; Yang Lidan; Bie Rushan; Zhao Guangbo

1999-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

157

NON-INVASIVE DETERMINATION OF THE LOCATION AND DISTRIBUTION OF FREE-PHASE DENSE NONAQUEOUS PHASE LIQUIDS (DNAPL) BY SEISMIC REFLECTION TECHNIQUES  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This semi-annual technical progress report is for Task 4 site evaluation, Task 5 seismic reflection design and acquisition, and Task 6 seismic reflection processing and interpretation on DOE contact number DE-AR26-98FT40369. The project had planned one additional deployment to another site other than Savannah River Site (SRS) or DOE Hanford. During this reporting period the project had an ASME peer review. The findings and recommendation of the review panel, as well at the project team response to comments, are in Appendix A. After the SUBCON midyear review in Albuquerque, NM and the peer review it was decided that two additional deployments would be performed. The first deployment is to test the feasibility of using non-invasive seismic reflection and AVO analysis as monitoring to assist in determining the effectiveness of Dynamic Underground Stripping (DUS) in removal of DNAPL. Under the rescope of the project, Task 4 would be performed at the Charleston Navy Weapons Station, Charleston, SC and not at the Dynamic Underground Stripping (DUS) project at SRS. The project team had already completed Task 4 at the M-area seepage basin, only a few hundred yards away from the DUS site. Because the geology is the same, Task 4 was not necessary. However, a Vertical Seismic Profile (VSP) was conducted in one well to calibrate the geology to the seismic data. The first deployment to the DUS Site (Tasks 5 and 6) has been completed. Once the steam has been turned off these tasks will be performed again to compare the results to the pre-steam data. The results from the first deployment to the DUS site indicated a seismic amplitude anomaly at the location and depths of the known high concentrations of DNAPL. The deployment to another site with different geologic conditions was supposed to occur during this reporting period. The first site selected was DOE Paducah, Kentucky. After almost eight months of negotiation, site access was denied requiring the selection of another site. An alternate, site the Department of Defense (DOD) Charleston Navy Weapons Station, Charleston, SC was selected in consultation with National Energy Technology Laboratory (NETL) and DOD Navy Facilities Engineering Command Southern Division (NAVFAC) personnel. Tasks 4, 5, and 6 will be performed at the Charleston Navy Weapons Station. Task 4 will be executed twice. The project team had almost completed Task 4 at Paducah before access was denied.

Michael G. Waddell; William J. Domoracki; Tom J. Temples

2001-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

158

Load controller and method to enhance effective capacity of a photovoltaic power supply using a dynamically determined expected peak loading  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A load controller and method are provided for maximizing effective capacity of a non-controllable, renewable power supply coupled to a variable electrical load also coupled to a conventional power grid. Effective capacity is enhanced by monitoring power output of the renewable supply and loading, and comparing the loading against the power output and a load adjustment threshold determined from an expected peak loading. A value for a load adjustment parameter is calculated by subtracting the renewable supply output and the load adjustment parameter from the current load. This value is then employed to control the variable load in an amount proportional to the value of the load control parameter when the parameter is within a predefined range. By so controlling the load, the effective capacity of the non-controllable, renewable power supply is increased without any attempt at operational feedback control of the renewable supply.

Perez, Richard

2005-05-03T23:59:59.000Z

159

On the Study of Collective Dynamics in Supercooled Liquids through the Statistics of the Iso-Configurational Ensemble  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The use of the isoconfigurational ensemble to explore structure-dynamic correlations in supercooled liquids is examined. The statistical error of the dynamic propensity and its spatial distribution are determined. The authors present the spatial distribution of the particle non-Gaussian parameter as a measure of the intermittency with which particles exhibit their propensity for motion. The ensemble average of the direction of particle motion is introduced to establish the anisotropy of the dynamic propensity.

Asaph Widmer-Cooper; Peter Harrowell

2009-01-23T23:59:59.000Z

160

Valence quark distributions of the proton from maximum entropy approach  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We present an attempt of maximum entropy principle to determine valence quark distributions in the proton at very low resolution scale $Q_0^2$. The initial three valence quark distributions are obtained with limited dynamical information from quark model and QCD theory. Valence quark distributions from this method are compared to the lepton deep inelastic scattering data, and the widely used CT10 and MSTW08 data sets. The obtained valence quark distributions are consistent with experimental observations and the latest global fits of PDFs. Maximum entropy method is expected to be particularly useful in the case where relatively little information from QCD calculation is given.

Rong Wang; Xurong Chen

2014-10-14T23:59:59.000Z

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161

Valence quark distributions of the proton from maximum entropy approach  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We present an attempt of maximum entropy principle to determine valence quark distributions in the proton at very low resolution scale $Q_0^2$. The initial three valence quark distributions are obtained with limited dynamical information from quark model and QCD theory. Valence quark distributions from this method are compared to the lepton deep inelastic scattering data, and the widely used CT10 and MSTW08 data sets. The obtained valence quark distributions are consistent with experimental observations and the latest global fits of PDFs. Maximum entropy method is expected to be particularly useful in the case where relatively little information from QCD calculation is given.

Wang, Rong

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

162

VUV studies of molecular photofragmentation dynamics  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

State-resolved, photoion and photoelectron methods are used to study the neutral fragmentation and ionization dynamics of small molecules relevant to atmospheric and combustion chemistry. Photodissociation and ionization are initiated by coherent VUV radiation and the fragmentation dynamics are extracted from measurements of product rovibronic state distributions, kinetic energies and angular distributions. The general aim of these studies is to investigate the multichannel interactions between the electronic and nuclear motions which determine the evolution of the photoexcited {open_quotes}complex{close_quotes} into the observed asymptotic channels.

White, M.G. [Brookhaven National Laboratory, Upton, NY (United States)

1993-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

163

NON-INVASIVE DETERMINATION OF THE LOCATION AND DISTRIBUTION OF FREE-PHASE DENSE NONAQUEOUS PHASE LIQUIDS (DNAPL) BY SEISMIC REFLECTION TECHNIQUES  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This annual technical progress report is for part of Task 4 (site evaluation), Task 5 (2D seismic design, acquisition, and processing), and Task 6 (2D seismic reflection, interpretation, and AVO analysis) on DOE contact number DE-AR26-98FT40369. The project had planned one additional deployment to another site other than Savannah River Site (SRS) or DOE Hanford Site. After the SUBCON midyear review in Albuquerque, NM, it was decided that two additional deployments would be performed. The first deployment is to test the feasibility of using non-invasive seismic reflection and AVO analysis as a monitoring tool to assist in determining the effectiveness of Dynamic Underground Stripping (DUS) in removal of DNAPL. The second deployment is to the Department of Defense (DOD) Charleston Naval Weapons Station Solid Waste Management Unit 12 (SWMU-12), Charleston, SC to further test the technique to detect high concentrations of DNAPL. The Charleston Naval Weapons Station SWMU-12 site was selected in consultation with National Energy Technology Laboratory (NETL) and DOD Naval Facilities Engineering Command Southern Division (NAVFAC) personnel. Based upon the review of existing data and due to the shallow target depth, the project team collected three Vertical Seismic Profiles (VSP) and an experimental P-wave seismic reflection line. After preliminary data analysis of the VSP data and the experimental reflection line data, it was decided to proceed with Task 5 and Task 6. Three high resolution P-wave reflection profiles were collected with two objectives; (1) design the reflection survey to image a target depth of 20 feet below land surface to assist in determining the geologic controls on the DNAPL plume geometry, and (2) apply AVO analysis to the seismic data to locate the zone of high concentration of DNAPL. Based upon the results of the data processing and interpretation of the seismic data, the project team was able to map the channel that is controlling the DNAPL plume geometry. The AVO analysis located a major amplitude anomaly, which was tested using a Geoprobe{trademark} direct push system. The Geoprobe{trademark} was equipped with a membrane interface probe (MIP) that was interfaced with a sorbent trap/gas chromatograph (GC) system. Both the Photo Ionization Detector (PID) and Electron Capture Detector (ECD) on the GC exceeded the maximum measurement values through the anomaly. A well was installed to collect a water sample. The concentration of chlorinated solvents in the water sample was in excess of 500 ppm. Other amplitude anomalies located directly under an asphalt road were also tested. Both the PID and ECD were zero. It appears that editing of poor quality near-offset traces during data processing caused these anomalies. Not having the full range of source to receiver offset traces in those areas resulted in a false anomaly during AVO analysis. This phenomenon was also observed at the beginning and end of each seismic profile also for the same reason. Based upon the water samples and MIP probes, it appears that surface seismic and AVO analysis were able to detect the area of highest concentration of DNAPL.

Michael G. Waddell; William J. Domoracki; Tom J. Temples

2001-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

164

Characterization of fracture reservoirs using static and dynamic data: From sonic and 3D seismic to permeability distribution. Annual report, March 1, 1996--February 28, 1997  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In low porosity, low permeability zones, natural fractures are the primary source of permeability which affect both production and injection of fluids. The open fractures do not contribute much to porosity, but they provide an increased drainage network to any porosity. They also may connect the borehole to remote zones of better reservoir characteristics. An important approach to characterizing the fracture orientation and fracture permeability of reservoir formations is one based on the effects of such conditions on the propagation of acoustic and seismic waves in the rock. The project is a study directed toward the evaluation of acoustic logging and 3D-seismic measurement techniques as well as fluid flow and transport methods for mapping permeability anisotropy and other petrophysical parameters for the understanding of the reservoir fracture systems and associated fluid dynamics. The principal application of these measurement techniques and methods is to identify and investigate the propagation characteristics of acoustic and seismic waves in the Twin Creek hydrocarbon reservoir owned by Union Pacific Resources (UPR) and to characterize the fracture permeability distribution using production data. This site is located in the overthrust area of Utah and Wyoming. UPR drilled six horizontal wells, and presently UPR has two rigs running with many established drill hole locations. In addition, there are numerous vertical wells that exist in the area as well as 3D seismic surveys. Each horizontal well contains full FMS logs and MWD logs, gamma logs, etc.

Parra, J.O.; Collier, H.A.; Owen, T.E. [and others

1997-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

165

Using Thermally-Degrading, Partitioning, and Nonreactive Tracers to Determine Temperature Distribution and Fracture/Heat Transfer Surface Area in Geothermal Reservoirs  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

DOE Geothermal Peer Review 2010 - Project Summary. The goal of this project is to provide integrated tracer and tracer interpretation tools to facilitate quantitative characterization of temperature distributions and surface area available for heat transfer in EGS.

166

Dynamic evidential networks in system reliability analysis: A Dempster Shafer Approach  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Dynamic evidential networks in system reliability analysis: A Dempster Shafer Approach Philippe for modeling and analyzing the system reliability based on Dynamic Evidential Networks (DEN). This method. The current system state determine the probability distribution over the next states. In the work reported

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

167

Dynamic distributions and changing copulas  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

#0; !): (12) If #25;t were ?xed the same MSE would be obtained with a sample size of approximately (2#0; !)=(1#0; !): When ! is close to one, MSE(e#25;t) ' e#25;t(1#0; e#25;t)(1 #0; !): Thus for ! = :99; the RMSEs for #25; = 0:5; 0:25 and 0:1 are approximately... ; may need to be re- de?ned and this requires some judgement. One possibility is to set #24;0 = ymin and #24;N = ymax, but a more stable choice is the 1% and 99% quantiles. By construction, e#28; k#0;1;t < e#28; k;t so the time series of b#24;t(#28;)0s...

Harvey, Andrew C

168

Evaluation of dual energy quantitative CT for determining the spatial distributions of red marrow and bone for dosimetry in internal emitter radiation therapy  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Purpose: To evaluate a three-equation three-unknown dual-energy quantitative CT (DEQCT) technique for determining region specific variations in bone spongiosa composition for improved red marrow dose estimation in radionuclide therapy. Methods: The DEQCT method was applied to 80/140 kVp images of patient-simulating lumbar sectional body phantoms of three sizes (small, medium, and large). External calibration rods of bone, red marrow, and fat-simulating materials were placed beneath the body phantoms. Similar internal calibration inserts were placed at vertebral locations within the body phantoms. Six test inserts of known volume fractions of bone, fat, and red marrow were also scanned. External-to-internal calibration correction factors were derived. The effects of body phantom size, radiation dose, spongiosa region segmentation granularity [single (?17 × 17 mm) region of interest (ROI), 2 × 2, and 3 × 3 segmentation of that single ROI], and calibration method on the accuracy of the calculated volume fractions of red marrow (cellularity) and trabecular bone were evaluated. Results: For standard low dose DEQCT x-ray technique factors and the internal calibration method, the RMS errors of the estimated volume fractions of red marrow of the test inserts were 1.2–1.3 times greater in the medium body than in the small body phantom and 1.3–1.5 times greater in the large body than in the small body phantom. RMS errors of the calculated volume fractions of red marrow within 2 × 2 segmented subregions of the ROIs were 1.6–1.9 times greater than for no segmentation, and RMS errors for 3 × 3 segmented subregions were 2.3–2.7 times greater than those for no segmentation. Increasing the dose by a factor of 2 reduced the RMS errors of all constituent volume fractions by an average factor of 1.40 ± 0.29 for all segmentation schemes and body phantom sizes; increasing the dose by a factor of 4 reduced those RMS errors by an average factor of 1.71 ± 0.25. Results for external calibrations exhibited much larger RMS errors than size matched internal calibration. Use of an average body size external-to-internal calibration correction factor reduced the errors to closer to those for internal calibration. RMS errors of less than 30% or about 0.01 for the bone and 0.1 for the red marrow volume fractions would likely be satisfactory for human studies. Such accuracies were achieved for 3 × 3 segmentation of 5 mm slice images for: (a) internal calibration with 4 times dose for all size body phantoms, (b) internal calibration with 2 times dose for the small and medium size body phantoms, and (c) corrected external calibration with 4 times dose and all size body phantoms. Conclusions: Phantom studies are promising and demonstrate the potential to use dual energy quantitative CT to estimate the spatial distributions of red marrow and bone within the vertebral spongiosa.

Goodsitt, Mitchell M., E-mail: goodsitt@umich.edu; Shenoy, Apeksha; Howard, David; Christodoulou, Emmanuel; Dewaraja, Yuni K. [Department of Radiology, University of Michigan, 1500 East Medical Center Drive, Ann Arbor, Michigan 48109 (United States)] [Department of Radiology, University of Michigan, 1500 East Medical Center Drive, Ann Arbor, Michigan 48109 (United States); Shen, Jincheng [Department of Biostatistics, University of Michigan, 1415 Washington Heights, Ann Arbor, Michigan 48109 (United States)] [Department of Biostatistics, University of Michigan, 1415 Washington Heights, Ann Arbor, Michigan 48109 (United States); Schipper, Matthew J. [Department of Radiation Oncology, University of Michigan, 1500 East Medical Center Drive, Ann Arbor, Michigan 48109 (United States)] [Department of Radiation Oncology, University of Michigan, 1500 East Medical Center Drive, Ann Arbor, Michigan 48109 (United States); Wilderman, Scott [Department of Nuclear Engineering, University of Michigan, 1500 East Medical Center Drive, Ann Arbor, Michigan 48109 (United States)] [Department of Nuclear Engineering, University of Michigan, 1500 East Medical Center Drive, Ann Arbor, Michigan 48109 (United States); Chun, Se Young [Ulsan National Institute of Science and Technology (UNIST), School of Electrical and Computer Engineering, Ulsan 689-798 (Korea, Republic of)] [Ulsan National Institute of Science and Technology (UNIST), School of Electrical and Computer Engineering, Ulsan 689-798 (Korea, Republic of)

2014-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

169

CX-012136: Categorical Exclusion Determination | Department of...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Exclusion Determination CX-012136: Categorical Exclusion Determination Distributed Fiber Optic Arrays: Integrated Temperature and Seismic Sensing for Detection of Carbon...

170

CX-011016: Categorical Exclusion Determination | Department of...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Exclusion Determination CX-011016: Categorical Exclusion Determination Distributed Fiber Optic Arrays: Integrated Temperature and Seismic Sensing for Detection of Carbon...

171

CX-011013: Categorical Exclusion Determination | Department of...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Exclusion Determination CX-011013: Categorical Exclusion Determination Distributed Fiber Optic Arrays: Integrated Temperature and Seismic Sensing for Detection of Carbon...

172

CX-011017: Categorical Exclusion Determination | Department of...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Exclusion Determination CX-011017: Categorical Exclusion Determination Distributed Fiber Optic Arrays: Integrated Temperature and Seismic Sensing for Detection of Carbon...

173

Method and system for determining depth distribution of radiation-emitting material located in a source medium and radiation detector system for use therein  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A radiation detector system includes detectors having different properties (sensitivity, energy resolution) which are combined so that excellent spectral information may be obtained along with good determinations of the radiation field as a function of position.

Benke, Roland R.; Kearfott, Kimberlee J.; McGregor, Douglas S.

2004-04-27T23:59:59.000Z

174

The economics of US greenhouse gas emissions reduction policy : assessing distributional effects across households and the 50 United States using a recursive dynamic computable general equilibrium (CGE) model  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The political economy of US climate policy has revolved around state- and district- level distributional economics, and to a lesser extent household-level distribution questions. Many politicians and analysts have suggested ...

Look, Wesley Allen

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

175

Appears in the 21st International ACM Symposium on High-Performance Parallel and Distributed Computing (HPDC'12) Locality-Aware Dynamic VM Reconfiguration on  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

virtualization, has been expanding its services to distributed data-intensive platforms such as Map-communication Net- works]: Distributed Systems Permission to make digital or hard copies of all or part of this work computing has been expanding its services to data-intensive computing on distributed platforms such as Map

176

Determination of the electron velocity distribution from the soft and hard x-ray emission during lower-hybrid current drive on PLT  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

During lower-hybrid heating in low-density-tokamak discharges, a nonMaxwellian tail of high-energy electrons is formed. This tail carries the plasma current. Utilizing the fact that relativistic electrons emit bremsstrahlung predominantly in the forward direction, we investigate the shape of the electron distribution by measuring the dependence of the x-ray emission on the angle between the magnetic field and the line of sight. The experimental data indicate that the distribution function is predominantly peaked in the forward direction, although a small fraction of the electrons is in the backward cone. The energy dependence of the x-ray spectra is consistent with that of a velocity distribution which has a plateau extending out to several hundred kiloelectron volts. Radial profiles show that the hot electrons are located in the central plasma region and form a high-conductivity plasma with the current profile frozen in. The slope of the spectrum depends on the rf power and on the phasing of the waveguide grill, but not on the externally applied plasma voltage. Relaxation oscillations occur shortly after switching the rf off. They also appear during the rf for low rf power and at the high-density limit of the lower-hybrid current drive. The x-ray spectra confirm that parallel energy is transferred to perpendicular energy during the instability, suggesting an instability due to the anomalous Doppler effect.

von Goeler, S.; Stevens, J.; Karney, C.

1983-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

177

Superthermal electron distribution measurements from polarized electron cyclotron emission  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Measurements of the superthermal electron distribution can be made by observing the polarized electron cyclotron emission. The emission is viewed along a constant magnetic field surface. This simplifies the resonance condition and gives a direct correlation between emission frequency and kinetic energy of the emitting electron. A transformation technique is formulated which determines the anisotropy of the distribution and number density of superthermals at each energy measured. The steady-state distribution during lower hybrid current drive and examples of the superthermal dynamics as the runaway conditions is varied are presented for discharges in the PLT tokamak. 15 refs., 8 figs.

Luce, T.C.; Efthimion, P.C.; Fisch, N.J.

1988-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

178

Using Sediment Records to Determine Sources, Distribution, Bioavailability, and Potential Toxicity of Dioxins in the Houston Ship Channel: A Multi-proxy Approach  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

contaminants (HOC). Analytical data on total organic carbon (TOC), BC, PAHs, dioxins and lignin (likely discarded from a pulp and paper mill along the Channel) were determined. This multi-proxy approach revealed that over the last several decades, HOC inputs...

Seward, Shaya M.

2012-07-16T23:59:59.000Z

179

ITAR: A modified TAR method to determine depth dose distribution for an ophthalmic device that performs kilovoltage x-ray pencil-beam stereotaxy  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Purpose: New technology has been developed to treat age-related macular degeneration (AMD) using 100 kVp pencil-beams that enter the patient through the radio-resistant sclera with a depth of interest between 1.6 and 2.6 cm. Measurement of reference and relative dose in a kilovoltage x-ray beam with a 0.42 cm diameter field size and a 15 cm source to axis distance (SAD) is a challenge that is not fully addressed in current guidelines to medical physicists. AAPM's TG-61 gives dosimetry recommendations for low and medium energy x-rays, but not all of them are feasible to follow for this modality. Methods: An investigation was conducted to select appropriate equipment for the application. PTW's Type 34013 Soft X-Ray Chamber (Freiburg, Germany) and CIRS's Plastic Water LR (Norfolk, VA) were found to be the best available options. Attenuation curves were measured with minimal scatter contribution and thus called Low Scatter Tissue Air Ratio (LSTAR). A scatter conversion coefficient (C{sub scat}) was derived through Monte Carlo radiation transport simulation using MCNPX (LANL, Los Alamos, NM) to quantify the difference between a traditional TAR curve and the LSTAR curve. A material conversion coefficient (C{sub mat}) was determined through experimentation to evaluate the difference in attenuation properties between water and Plastic Water LR. Validity of performing direct dosimetry measurements with a source to detector distance other than the treatment distance, and therefore a different field size due to a fixed collimator, was explored. A method—Integrated Tissue Air Ratio (ITAR)—has been developed that isolates each of the three main radiological effects (distance from source, attenuation, and scatter) during measurement, and integrates them to determine the dose rate to the macula during treatment. Results: LSTAR curves were determined to be field size independent within the range explored, indicating that direct dosimetry measurements may be performed with a source to detector distance of 20 cm even though the SAD is 15 cm during treatment. C{sub scat} varied from 1.102 to 1.106 within the range of depths of interest. The experimental variance among repeated measurements of C{sub mat} was larger than depth dependence, so C{sub mat} was estimated as1.019 for all depths of interest. Conclusions: Equipment selection, measurement techniques, and formalism for the determination of dose rate to the macula during stereotaxy for AMD have been determined and are strongly recommended by the authors of this paper to be used by clinical medical physicists.

Hanlon, Justin, E-mail: jhanlon@orayainc.com; Chell, Erik; Firpo, Michael; Koruga, Igor [Oraya Therapeutics, Inc., Newark, California 94560 (United States)] [Oraya Therapeutics, Inc., Newark, California 94560 (United States)

2014-02-15T23:59:59.000Z

180

Depth distribution of lithium in oxidized binary Al-Li alloys determined by secondary ion mass spectrometry and neutron depth profiling  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Oxidation of binary Al-Li alloys during short exposures at 530 C and long exposures at 200 C was studied with regard to the Li distribution. Secondary ion mass spectrometry (SIMS) and neutron depth profiling (NDP) were used to obtain quantitative Li depth profiles across the surface oxide layer and the underlying alloy. The underlying alloy was depleted in Li as a result of oxidation at 530 and 200 C. The SIMS and NDP results showed good mutual agreement and were used to evaluate the oxide thickness, the Li concentration at the oxide-ally interface, and the mass balance between oxide and alloy. The Li depletion profiles in the alloy were also calculated using the interdiffusion coefficients reported in the literature and compared with the measured profiles; the two profiles differed at 530 C but showed good agreement at 200 C.

Soni, K.K. (Univ. of Chicago, IL (United States)); Williams, D.B. (Lehigh Univ., Bethlehem, PA (United States)); Newbury, D.E.; Chi, P.; Downing, R.G.; Lamaza, G. (National Inst. of Standards and Technology, Gaithersburg, MD (United States))

1993-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "determination distributed dynamic" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


181

Adaptive Cruise Control: Hybrid, Distributed, and Now Formally Verified  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

is that faithful models of distributed car control have both distributed systems and hybrid systems dynamics dynamics. Distributed car control follows a hybrid dynamics, because cars move continuously alongAdaptive Cruise Control: Hybrid, Distributed, and Now Formally Verified Sarah M. Loos, Andr

182

Determination of lateral size distribution of type-II ZnTe/ZnSe stacked submonolayer quantum dots via spectral analysis of optical signature of the Aharanov-Bohm excitons  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

For submonolayer quantum dot (QD) based photonic devices, size and density of QDs are critical parameters, the probing of which requires indirect methods. We report the determination of lateral size distribution of type-II ZnTe/ZnSe stacked submonolayer QDs, based on spectral analysis of the optical signature of Aharanov-Bohm (AB) excitons, complemented by photoluminescence studies, secondary-ion mass spectroscopy, and numerical calculations. Numerical calculations are employed to determine the AB transition magnetic field as a function of the type-II QD radius. The study of four samples grown with different tellurium fluxes shows that the lateral size of QDs increases by just 50%, even though tellurium concentration increases 25-fold. Detailed spectral analysis of the emission of the AB exciton shows that the QD radii take on only certain values due to vertical correlation and the stacked nature of the QDs.

Ji, Haojie; Dhomkar, Siddharth; Roy, Bidisha; Kuskovsky, Igor L. [Department of Physics, Queens College of CUNY, Queens, New York 11367 (United States); The Graduate Center of CUNY, New York, New York 10016 (United States); Shuvayev, Vladimir [Department of Physics, Queens College of CUNY, Queens, New York 11367 (United States); Deligiannakis, Vasilios; Tamargo, Maria C. [The Graduate Center of CUNY, New York, New York 10016 (United States); Department of Chemistry, City College of CUNY, New York, New York 10031 (United States); Ludwig, Jonathan [National High Magnetic Field Laboratory, Tallahassee, Florida 32310 (United States); Department of Physics, Florida State University, Tallahassee, Florida 32306 (United States); Smirnov, Dmitry [National High Magnetic Field Laboratory, Tallahassee, Florida 32310 (United States); Wang, Alice [Evans Analytical Group, Sunnyvale, California 94086 (United States)

2014-10-28T23:59:59.000Z

183

Measurement of the muon charge asymmetry in inclusive pp to WX production at sqrt(s) = 7 TeV and an improved determination of light parton distribution functions  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Measurements of the muon charge asymmetry in inclusive pp to WX production at sqrt(s) = 7 TeV are presented. The data sample corresponds to an integrated luminosity of 4.7 inverse femtobarns recorded with the CMS detector at the LHC. With a sample of more than twenty million W to mu nu events, the statistical precision is greatly improved in comparison to previous measurements. These new results provide additional constraints on the parton distribution functions of the proton in the range of the Bjorken scaling variable x from 10E-3 to 10E-1. These measurements and the recent CMS measurement of associated W + charm production are used together with the cross sections for inclusive deep inelastic ep scattering at HERA in a next-to-leading-order QCD analysis. The determination of the valence quark distributions is improved, and the strange-quark distribution is probed directly through the leading-order process g + s to W + c in proton-proton collisions at the LHC.

CMS Collaboration

2014-08-22T23:59:59.000Z

184

CX-008632: Categorical Exclusion Determination | Department of...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Exclusion Determination CX-008632: Categorical Exclusion Determination Sampling of Soil Vapor Extraction Wells at the Western Sector Dynamic Underground Stripping System CX(s)...

185

CX-011824: Categorical Exclusion Determination | Department of...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Exclusion Determination CX-011824: Categorical Exclusion Determination Dynamic Mechanical Analyzer CX(s) Applied: B3.6 Date: 01062014 Location(s): South Carolina...

186

CX-009327: Categorical Exclusion Determination | Department of...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Exclusion Determination CX-009327: Categorical Exclusion Determination Gas Hydrate Dynamics on the Alaskan Beaufort Continental Slope: Modeling and Field Characterization CX(s)...

187

CX-011295: Categorical Exclusion Determination | Department of...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Exclusion Determination CX-011295: Categorical Exclusion Determination Material Dynamics and Kinetics Lab CX(s) Applied: B3.6 Date: 10172013 Location(s): Pennsylvania...

188

CX-009329: Categorical Exclusion Determination | Department of...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Exclusion Determination CX-009329: Categorical Exclusion Determination Gas Hydrate Dynamics on the Alaskan Beaufort Continental Slope: Modeling and Field Characterization CX(s)...

189

CX-009330: Categorical Exclusion Determination | Department of...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Exclusion Determination CX-009330: Categorical Exclusion Determination Gas Hydrate Dynamics on the Alaskan Beaufort Continental Slope: Modeling and Field Characterization CX(s)...

190

CX-009328: Categorical Exclusion Determination | Department of...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Exclusion Determination CX-009328: Categorical Exclusion Determination Gas Hydrate Dynamics on the Alaskan Beaufort Continental Slope: Modeling and Field Characterization CX(s)...

191

Vehicle System Dynamics, Vol. 26, No.4, October 1996, pp.301-320. Traction/Braking Force Distribution for Optimal Longitudinal  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

as the desired level of vehicle yaw motion, and the control system was designed to follow the yaw motion commandVehicle System Dynamics, Vol. 26, No.4, October 1996, pp.301-320. Traction/Braking Force in the past twenty years through the use of electronic devices. Four-wheel-steering (4WS) systems have been

Peng, Huei

192

Local Soot Loading Distribution in Cordierite Diesel Particulate...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Local Soot Loading Distribution in Cordierite Diesel Particulate Filters by Dynamic Neutron Radiography Local Soot Loading Distribution in Cordierite Diesel Particulate Filters by...

193

Modeling Molecular Dynamics from Simulations  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Many important processes in biology occur at the molecular scale. A detailed understanding of these processes can lead to significant advances in the medical and life sciences. For example, many diseases are caused by protein aggregation or misfolding. One approach to studying these systems is to use physically-based computational simulations to model the interactions and movement of the molecules. While molecular simulations are computationally expensive, it is now possible to simulate many independent molecular dynamics trajectories in a parallel fashion by using super- or distributed- computing methods such as Folding@Home or Blue Gene. The analysis of these large, high-dimensional data sets presents new computational challenges. In this seminar, I will discuss a novel approach to analyzing large ensembles of molecular dynamics trajectories to generate a compact model of the dynamics. This model groups conformations into discrete states and describes the dynamics as Markovian, or history-independent, transitions between the states. I will discuss why the Markovian state model (MSM) is suitable for macromolecular dynamics, and how it can be used to answer many interesting and relevant questions about the molecular system. I will also discuss many of the computational and statistical challenges in building such a model, such as how to appropriately cluster conformations, determine the statistical reliability, and efficiently design new simulations.

Hinrichs, Nina Singhal (University of Chicago) [University of Chicago

2009-01-28T23:59:59.000Z

194

Distribution and Abundance Patterns of Spiders Inhabiting Cotton in Texas.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. L. Sterling Department of Entomology Texas A&M University Abstract Patterns of the distribution and abundance of spiders were determined in the major cotton growing areas of Texas during 1982-83. M isumenops spp., Oxyopes saiticus Hentz... to predict this neutrality is important since spiders could then be eliminated as an important factor in predicting the dynamics of other arthropods. The cotton fleahopper (Pseudatomoscelis seriatus [Reuter]) model (Hartstack and Sterling 1986) uses...

Dean, D.A.; Sterling, W.L.

1987-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

195

Two Phase Dynamics as the Origin to: 0.25 keV and 0.1 keV X-ray Diffuse Backgrounds, CMB, Global Quantized Redshift, 10 Mpc Space distributions and 30 Myr Cycles at Earth Phenomena  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

An Alternative to explain the origin of matter-background connections from the paper "Do Cosmic Backgrounds Cyclical Renew by Matter and Quanta Emissions?..." proposed: A sequence of discontinuous small changes of light speed in time as the cause, which provoke that criticality processes take place every 26-30 million years. Then, matter particles and quanta reach at one threshold value, and are compelled to reorganize their internal energy and make emissions that later becomes in current cosmic backgrounds. The small discontinues relative decreasing of c of about 10 -5) should do some small effects on planet and living bodies. Cyclic small reorganization of matter particles is consider as the astrophysical origin of Earth cyclic catastrophes. And at space global distribution: quantized redshift, change of galaxy fractal distribution at 10 Mpc scale, galaxy average luminosity and the luminosity fluctuation of galaxy pairs are enhanced out to separations near 10 Mpc. Also proposed: Like the Universe is observed flat in distance and time, the gravitational constant G might decrease with time, which may originate the Earth orbit eccentricity cycle of 100000 yr and, provoke the former mentioned sequence of c decrease in time. And, every 6 million years, the accumulation of G relative decrease of about 10-5 in G compelled space-time to reach at one threshold value that, trigger small relative decrease of light speed c of about 10-5 cyclically. This is interpreted as the Universe has two dynamical phases following one each other cyclically with intervals of 26-30 million years respectively: One of about 0.1 million years, called "activation phase", at which the critical processes take place, follows by longer "inhibition phase". The present approach indicates the existence of a subtle non linear dynamics, which could also contribute to the origin of galaxy fractal distribution.

Eduardo del Pozo Garcia

2015-02-25T23:59:59.000Z

196

Hierarchical Network Structure Promotes Dynamical Robustness  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The analysis of dynamical systems that attempts to model chemical reaction, gene-regulatory, population, and ecosystem networks all rely on models having interacting components. When the details of these interactions are unknown for biological systems of interest, one effective approach is to study the dynamical properties of an ensemble of models determined by evolutionary constraints that may apply to all such systems. One such constraint is that of dynamical robustness. Despite previous investigations, the relationship between dynamical robustness-an important functional characteristic of many biological systems-and network structure is poorly understood. Here we analyze the stability and robustness of a large class of dynamical systems and demonstrate that the most hierarchical network structures, those equivalent to the total ordering, are the most robust. In particular, we determine the probability distribution of robustness over system connectivity and show that robustness is maximized by maximizing the number of links between strongly connected components of the graph representing the underlying system connectivity. We demonstrate that this can be understood in terms of the fact that permutation of strongly connected components is a fundamental symmetry of dynamical robustness, which applies to networks of any number of components and is independent of the distribution from which the strengths of interconnection among components are sampled. The classification of dynamical robustness based upon a purely topological property provides a fundamental organizing principle that can be used in the context of experimental validation to select among models that break or preserve network hierarchy. This result contributes to an explanation for the observation of hierarchical modularity in biological networks at all scales.

Cameron Smith; Raymond S. Puzio; Aviv Bergman

2014-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

197

Chiral Dynamics and Single-Spin Asymmetries  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Parity-conserving single-spin asymmetries provide a specific measure of coherent spin-orbit dynamics in quantum chromodynamics. The origin of these effects can be traced to the interplay of chiral dynamics and confinement in the theory. The most elegant display of the relevant mechanisms occurs in the Collins functions and the polarizing fragmentation functions and fracture functions for particles with spin. In the nucleon, these same dynamical mechanisms generate virtual quantum structures leading to the Boer-Mulders functions and orbital distributions. Two complementary formalisms for these distributions appear. The familiar gauge-link formalism incorporates oll nonperturbative dynamics into nonlocal correlators. The constructive formalism introduced by the author describes distributions normalized to an intrinsic property of the nucleon, namely, the currents specified in the Bakker-Leader-Trueman sum rule. The connection between these two approaches can be explored in the process dependence of single-spin asymmetries in various hard-scattering processes. The study of the SU(2) Weyl-Dirac equation in spherical coordinates allows typical Wilson operators that determine this process dependence to be evaluated in the coordinate gauge.

Dennis Sivers

2007-11-20T23:59:59.000Z

198

Combustion fume structure and dynamics  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The focus of this research program is on elucidating the fundamental processes that determine the particle size distribution, composition, and agglomerate structures of coal ash fumes. The ultimate objective of this work is the development and validation of a model for the dynamics of combustion fumes, describing both the evolution of the particle size distribution and the particle morphology. The study employs model systems to address the fundamental questions and to provide rigorous validation of the models to be developed. This first phase of the project has been devoted to the development of a detailed experimental strategy that will allow agglomerates with a broad range of fractal dimensions to be studied in the laboratory. (VC)

Flagan, R.C.

1992-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

199

CX-000940: Categorical Exclusion Determination | Department of...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Determination CX-000940: Categorical Exclusion Determination Distributed Generation Wind Power at Navy Sites - Second Meteorological tower at Naval Station Newport, Rhode Island;...

200

CX-004129: Categorical Exclusion Determination | Department of...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Determination CX-004129: Categorical Exclusion Determination Distributed Generation Transformer for Megawatt-Scale Wind Turbines using Alternating Current-Link CX(s) Applied:...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "determination distributed dynamic" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


201

CX-011256: Categorical Exclusion Determination | Department of...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Determination CX-011256: Categorical Exclusion Determination Foundations for Engineer Education for Distributed Energy Resources CX(s) Applied: A9, A11 Date: 09162013...

203

From Entropic Dynamics to Quantum Theory  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Non-relativistic quantum theory is derived from information codified into an appropriate statistical model. The basic assumption is that there is an irreducible uncertainty in the location of particles so that the configuration space is a statistical manifold. The dynamics then follows from a principle of inference, the method of Maximum Entropy. The concept of time is introduced as a convenient way to keep track of change. The resulting theory resembles both Nelson's stochastic mechanics and general relativity. The statistical manifold is a dynamical entity: its geometry determines the evolution of the probability distribution which, in its turn, reacts back and determines the evolution of the geometry. There is a new quantum version of the equivalence principle: 'osmotic' mass equals inertial mass. Mass and the phase of the wave function are explained as features of purely statistical origin.

Caticha, Ariel [Department of Physics, University at Albany-SUNY, Albany, NY 12222 (United States)

2009-12-08T23:59:59.000Z

204

Maximum Entropy Models of Shortest Path and Outbreak Distributions in Networks  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Properties of networks are often characterized in terms of features such as node degree distributions, average path lengths, diameters, or clustering coefficients. Here, we study shortest path length distributions. On the one hand, average as well as maximum distances can be determined therefrom; on the other hand, they are closely related to the dynamics of network spreading processes. Because of the combinatorial nature of networks, we apply maximum entropy arguments to derive a general, physically plausible model. In particular, we establish the generalized Gamma distribution as a continuous characterization of shortest path length histograms of networks or arbitrary topology. Experimental evaluations corroborate our theoretical results.

Bauckhage, Christian; Hadiji, Fabian

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

205

Dynamical Models for the Milky Way  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The only way to map the Galaxy's gravitational potential $\\Phi({\\bf x})$ and the distribution of matter that produces it is by modelling the dynamics of stars and gas. Observations of the kinematics of gas provide key information about gradients of $\\Phi$ within the plane, but little information about the structure of $\\Phi$ out of the plane. Traditional Galaxy models {\\em assume}, for each of the Galaxy's components, arbitrary flattenings, which together with the components' relative masses yield the model's equipotentials. However, the Galaxy's isopotential surfaces should be {\\em determined\\/} directly from the motions of stars that move far from the plane. Moreover, from the kinematics of samples of such stars that have well defined selection criteria, one should be able not only to map $\\Phi$ at all positions, but to determine the distribution function $f_i({\\bf x},{\\bf v})$ of each stellar population $i$ studied. These distribution functions will contain a wealth of information relevant to the formation and evolution of the Galaxy. An approach to fitting a wide class of dynamical models to the very heterogeneous body of available data is described and illustrated.

Walter Dehnen; James Binney

1996-01-10T23:59:59.000Z

206

Molecular beam studies of reaction dynamics  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Purpose of this research project is two-fold: (1) to elucidate detailed dynamics of simple elementary reactions which are theoretically important and to unravel the mechanism of complex chemical reactions or photo chemical processes which play an important role in many macroscopic processes and (2) to determine the energetics of polyatomic free radicals using microscopic experimental methods. Most of the information is derived from measurement of the product fragment translational energy and angular distributions using unique molecular beam apparati designed for these purposes.

Lee, Y.T.

1987-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

207

CX-009465: Categorical Exclusion Determination | Department of...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Categorical Exclusion Determination Temporal Characterization of Hydrates System Dynamics Beneath Seafloor Mounds: Integrating Time-Lapse CX(s) Applied: B3.6 Date: 10182012...

208

CX-009462: Categorical Exclusion Determination | Department of...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Categorical Exclusion Determination Temporal Characterization of Hydrates System Dynamics Beneath Seafloor Mounds: Integrating Time-Lapse CX(s) Applied: A9, A11 Date: 1018...

209

CX-009463: Categorical Exclusion Determination | Department of...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Categorical Exclusion Determination Temporal Characterization of Hydrates System Dynamics Beneath Seafloor Mounds: Integrating Time-Lapse CX(s) Applied: B3.6 Date: 10182012...

210

CX-009464: Categorical Exclusion Determination | Department of...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Categorical Exclusion Determination Temporal Characterization of Hydrates System Dynamics beneath Seafloor Mounds: Integrating Time-Lapse CX(s) Applied: A9, A11 Date: 1018...

211

Distributed Dynamic Clustering Algorithm in Uneven Distributed Wireless Sensor Network  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

the sensor networks energy efficient [3][4][5]. This helps to increase the lifetime of the sensor nodes and energy efficient routing has been presented in recent research literature [1]-[16]. In [1] an intelligent energy efficient de- ployment algorithm for cluster based WSNs is described, in which the sensor node

212

Can Natural Sunlight Induce Coherent Exciton Dynamics?  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Excitation of a model photosynthetic molecular aggregate by incoherent sunlight is systematically examined. For a closed system, the excited state coherence induced by the sunlight oscillates with an average amplitude that is inversely proportional to the excitonic gap, and reaches a stationary amplitude that depends on the temperature and coherence time of the radiation field. For an open system, the light-induced dynamical coherence relaxes to a static coherence determined by the non-canonical thermal distribution resulting from the entanglement with the phonon bath. The decay of the excited state population to the common ground state establishes a non-equilibrium steady-state flux driven by the sunlight, and it defines a time window to observe the transition from dynamical to static coherence. For the parameters relevant to photosynthetic systems, the exciton dynamics initiated by the sunlight exhibits a non-negligible amount of dynamical coherence (quantum beats) on the sub-picosecond timescale; however, this sub-picosecond time-scale is long enough for light-harvesting systems to establish static coherence, which plays a crucial role in efficient energy transfer. Further, a relationship is established between the non-equilibrium steady-state induced by the sunlight and the coherent dynamics initiated from the ground state by a laser $\\delta$-pulse, thereby making a direct connection between incoherent sunlight excitation and ultrafast spectroscopy.

Jan Olšina; Arend G. Dijkstra; Chen Wang; Jianshu Cao

2014-08-21T23:59:59.000Z

213

Distributed Generation  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

come a long way in addressing interconnection standards for distributed generation, utilities have largely overlooked the untapped potential of these resources. Under certain...

214

Probing the Environment with Galaxy Dynamics  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

I present various projects to study the halo dynamics of elliptical galaxies. This allows one to study the outer mass and orbital distributions of ellipticals in different environments, and the inner distributions of groups and clusters themselves.

Aaron J. Romanowsky

2006-05-02T23:59:59.000Z

215

Quantitatively Probing the Al Distribution in Zeolites  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The degree of substitution of Si4+ by Al3+ in the oxygen-terminated tetrahedra (Al T-sites) of zeolites determines the concentration of ion-exchange and Brønsted acid sites. As the location of the tetrahedra and the associated subtle variations in bond angles influence the acid strength, quantitative information about Al T-sites in the framework is critical to rationalize catalytic properties and to design new catalysts. A quantitative analysis is reported that uses a combination of extended X-ray absorption fine structure (EXAFS) analysis and 27Al MAS NMR spectroscopy supported by DFT-based molecular dynamics simulations. To discriminate individual Al atoms, sets of ab initio EXAFS spectra for various T-sites are generated from DFT-based molecular dynamics simulations allowing quantitative treatment of the EXAFS single- and multiple-photoelectron scattering processes out to 3-4 atom shells surrounding the Al absorption center. It is observed that identical zeolite types show dramatically different Al-distributions. A preference of Al for T-sites that are part of one or more 4-member rings in the framework over those T-sites that are part of only 5- and 6-member rings in the HBEA150 sample has been determined from a combination of these methods. This work was supported by the U. S. Department of Energy (DOE), Office of Basic Energy Sciences, Division of Chemical Sciences, Geosciences & Biosciences.

Vjunov, Aleksei; Fulton, John L.; Huthwelker, Thomas; Pin, Sonia; Mei, Donghai; Schenter, Gregory K.; Govind, Niranjan; Camaioni, Donald M.; Hu, Jian Z.; Lercher, Johannes A.

2014-06-11T23:59:59.000Z

216

Determination hydrophobic  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of royalty provided that (1) each reproduction is done without alteration and (2) the Journal reference, of this paper may be copied or distributed royalty free without further permission by computer-based and other

Levitt, Michael

217

Dynamic Modeling and Resilience for Power Distribution  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

@gatech.edu jichuanyi@gatech.edu Floyd Galvan, Stephen Couvillon and George Orellana Entergy Services, Inc. New Orleans, LA 70053 Email: fgalvan@entergy.com scouvi1@entergy.com gorella@entergy.com Abstract

Ji, Chuanyi

218

Marine Protists : : Distributions, Diversity and Dynamics  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

as well as the Guaymas Basin (Stiller et al. 2013). Onesampled in this study and by Stiller et al. (2013) is thatRAxML-Manual.7.0.4.pdf. Stiller J, Roussett V, Pleijel F,

Pasulka, Alexis Leah

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

219

Distributed computational fluid dynamics Karl Jenkins  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of large and complex datasets. Thus, remote access to this information is an integral part of the CFD turbulent combustion pro- cesses is a strong coupling between turbulence, chemical kinetics and heat release provides a route around the departmental firewalls. The clusters run Globus and Condor for remote job

de Gispert, Adrià

220

Marine Protists : : Distributions, Diversity and Dynamics  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

and sulfide flux at gas hydrate deposits from the Cascadiaoxidation of methane above gas hydrates at Hydrate Ridge, NEoxidation of methane above gas hydrate at Hydrate Ridge, NE

Pasulka, Alexis Leah

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "determination distributed dynamic" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


221

Visualizations of Spatial Distribution Functions  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

number. - Determines 3D structure around a chosen molecule - The SDF gives radial and angular distribution - to study the SDF of water and hydronium around sulfonate group and side chain. Spatial Distribution Function (SDF) #12;3D Isodensity Surfaces - points around atom A where it's equally probable

Petta, Jason

222

Distributed DBMS Introduction  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Distributed DBMS Outline Introduction What is a distributed DBMS Problems Current state-of-affairs Background Distributed DBMS Architecture Distributed Database Design Semantic Data Control Distributed Query Processing Distributed Transaction Management Parallel Database Systems Distributed Object DBMS

Chen, Yangjun

223

CX-001172: Categorical Exclusion Determination  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Distributed Dynamic State Estimators, Generator Parameter Estimation and Stability Monitoring DemonstrationCX(s) Applied: B3.6, B5.1Date: 03/10/2010Location(s): Blenheim, New YorkOffice(s): Electricity Delivery and Energy Reliability, National Energy Technology Laboratory

224

CX-007108: Categorical Exclusion Determination | Department of...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

CX-007108: Categorical Exclusion Determination Energy-Saving Opportunities in Water Treatment and Distribution CX(s) Applied: B3.6 Date: 10122011 Location(s): Grand...

225

CX-007855: Categorical Exclusion Determination | Department of...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

CX-007855: Categorical Exclusion Determination The Diablo Regional Distributed Solar Energy Generation Expedited Permit Process CX(s) Applied: A9, A11 Date: 01272012...

226

Central Moloney: Noncompliance Determination (2013-SE-4702) ...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Determination to Central Moloney, Inc. finding that liquid-immersed distribution transformer basic models 30300150 and 32500095 do not comport with the energy conservation...

227

Heat Controller: Noncompliance Determination (2014-SE-15004)...  

Office of Environmental Management (EM)

a Notice of Noncompliance Determination to Heat Controller, Inc. finding that the room air conditioner distributed in commerce by Heat Controller as Comfort Aire brand models...

228

Spin dependent parton distributions and structure functions  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Nuclear parton distributions and structure functions are determined in an effective chiral quark theory. We also discuss an extension of our model to fragmentation functions.

W. Bentz; I. C. Cloet; T. Ito; A. W. Thomas; K. Yazaki

2007-09-10T23:59:59.000Z

229

CX-005325: Categorical Exclusion Determination | Department of...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Determination CX-005325: Categorical Exclusion Determination Boeing Distribution Management System (BDMS) CX(s) Applied: A1, A9, A11, B1.2, B1.7 Date: 02242011...

230

CX-005324: Categorical Exclusion Determination | Department of...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Determination CX-005324: Categorical Exclusion Determination Boeing Distribution Management System (BDMS) CX(s) Applied: A1, A9, A11, B1.2, B1.7 Date: 02242011...

231

CX-005326: Categorical Exclusion Determination | Department of...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Determination CX-005326: Categorical Exclusion Determination Boeing Distribution Management System (BDMS) CX(s) Applied: A1, A9, A11, B1.2, B1.7 Date: 02242011...

232

CX-005321: Categorical Exclusion Determination | Department of...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Determination CX-005321: Categorical Exclusion Determination Boeing Distribution Management System (BDMS) CX(s) Applied: A1, A9, A11, B1.2, B1.7 Date: 02242011...

233

Thermophoretic effects on soot distribution in a direct-injection diesel engine  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A recently developed stochastic particle approach for computing soot particle dynamics is implemented in a three-dimensional model for flows, sprays, combustion and emissions in Diesel engines. The model is applied to study the distribution of soot particles in a direct-injection Diesel engine. In particular, the effect of thermophoresis on soot distribution is examined. It is shown that thermophoresis could be important once the soot particles are brought close to the walls, i.e. within the boundary layer, by turbulent eddy convection or as a result of the orientation of the sprays. Thermophoresis does not appear to result in a change in the distribution of soot in the regions outside the boundary layer as the characteristic time associated with turbulent eddy convection is at least an order of magnitude shorter than that associated with thermophoresis and it and bulk convection are by far the dominant factors in determining the soot distribution.

Abraham, J. [Univ. of Minnesota, Minneapolis, MN (United States)

1996-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

234

Shape Dynamics. An Introduction  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Shape dynamics is a completely background-independent universal framework of dynamical theories from which all absolute elements have been eliminated. For particles, only the variables that describe the shapes of the instantaneous particle configurations are dynamical. In the case of Riemannian three-geometries, the only dynamical variables are the parts of the metric that determine angles. The local scale factor plays no role. This leads to a shape-dynamic theory of gravity in which the four-dimensional diffeomorphism invariance of general relativity is replaced by three-dimensional diffeomorphism invariance and three-dimensional conformal invariance. Despite this difference of symmetry groups, it is remarkable that the predictions of the two theories -- shape dynamics and general relativity -- agree on spacetime foliations by hypersurfaces of constant mean extrinsic curvature. However, the two theories are distinct, with shape dynamics having a much more restrictive set of solutions. There are indications that the symmetry group of shape dynamics makes it more amenable to quantization and thus to the creation of quantum gravity. This introduction presents in simple terms the arguments for shape dynamics, its implementation techniques, and a survey of existing results.

Julian Barbour

2011-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

235

ETH Zurich Distributed Computing Group Stephan Holzer 1ETH Zurich Distributed Computing www.disco.ethz.ch Stephan Holzer  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

ETH Zurich ­ Distributed Computing Group Stephan Holzer 1ETH Zurich ­ Distributed Computing ­ www Networks #12;ETH Zurich ­ Distributed Computing Group Stephan Holzer 2 Problem: Self-Monitoring in Dynamic Wireless Networks Who is in the network? O(1)? Update #12;ETH Zurich ­ Distributed Computing Group Stephan

236

Delineating parton distributions and the strong coupling  

DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

Global fits for precision determinations of parton distributions, together with the highly correlated strong coupling ?s, are presented up to next-to-next-to- leading order (NNLO) of QCD utilizing most world data (charm and jet production data are used where theoretically possible), except Tevatron gauge boson production data and LHC data which are left for genuine predictions. This is done within the 'dynamical' (valencelike input at Q02 = 0.8 GeV2 ) and 'standard' (input at Q02 = 2 GeV2) approach. The stability and reliability of the results are ensured by including nonperturbative higher-twist terms, nuclear corrections as well as target mass corrections, and by applying various (Q2, W2) cuts on available data. In addition, the Q02 dependence of the results is studied in detail. Predictions are given, in particular for LHC, on gauge and Higgs boson as well as for top-quark pair production. At NNLO the dynamical approach results in ?s(MZ2) = 0.1136 ± 0.0004, whereas the somewhat less constrained standard fit gives ?s(MZ2) = 0.1162 ± 0.0006.

Jimenez-Delgado, Pedro [JLAB; Reya, Edwald [Technische Universitat Dortmund

2014-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

237

Chemical dynamics in the gas phase: Time-dependent quantum mechanics of chemical reactions  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A major goal of this research is to obtain an understanding of the molecular reaction dynamics of three and four atom chemical reactions using numerically accurate quantum dynamics. This work involves: (i) the development and/or improvement of accurate quantum mechanical methods for the calculation and analysis of the properties of chemical reactions (e.g., rate constants and product distributions), and (ii) the determination of accurate dynamical results for selected chemical systems, which allow one to compare directly with experiment, determine the reliability of the underlying potential energy surfaces, and test the validity of approximate theories. This research emphasizes the use of recently developed time-dependent quantum mechanical methods, i.e. wave packet methods.

Gray, S.K. [Argonne National Laboratory, IL (United States)

1993-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

238

Distribution Category:  

Office of Legacy Management (LM)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul(Summary) "ofEarlyEnergyDepartment ofDepartment ofof EnergyYou areDowntownRockyDeparttient,of Energy- Distribution

239

IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON POWER SYSTEMS, VOL. 29, NO. 1, JANUARY 2014 203 Distribution Locational Marginal Pricing for Optimal  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

(DSO) determines distribution locational marginal prices (DLMPs) by solving the social welfare, distribution locational marginal prices (DLMPs), distribution locational marginal pricing (DLMP), distribution at node . System locational marginal price (LMP) at time period for the node feeding the distribution grid

Oren, Shmuel S.

240

Dynamic water wave pressures on a recurved model seawall  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

: Dr. Jerry L. Machemehl The dynamic pressures acting on a I:5 scale recurved model seawall caused by breaking water waves were investigated. The magnitude, location and distribution of the shock and secondary pressures were determined from physical... and incident wave height increased, the magnitude of the shock and secondary pressure increased. Shock pressures as great as 3. 72 kN/m~ were recorded, while a change in water depth of 0. 01m caused a mean pressure increase of approximately 0. 09 k...

Rismiller, Gregory Ross

1989-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "determination distributed dynamic" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


241

Cluster Dynamics of Planetary Waves  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The dynamics of nonlinear atmospheric planetary waves is determined by a small number of independent wave clusters consisting of a few connected resonant triads. We classified the different types of connections between neighboring triads that determine the general dynamics of a cluster. Each connection type corresponds to substantially different scenarios of energy flux among the modes. The general approach can be applied directly to various mesoscopic systems with 3-mode interactions, encountered in hydrodynamics, astronomy, plasma physics, chemistry, medicine, etc.

Elena Kartashova; Victor S. L'vov

2008-11-05T23:59:59.000Z

242

Determinants of Meme Popularity  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Online social media have greatly affected the way in which we communicate with each other. However, little is known about what are the fundamental mechanisms driving dynamical information flow in online social systems. Here, we introduce a generative model for online sharing behavior and analytically show, using techniques from mathematical population genetics, that competition between memes for the limited resource of user attention leads to a type of self-organized criticality, with heavy-tailed distributions of meme popularity: a few memes "go viral" but the majority become only moderately popular. The time-dependent solutions of the model are shown to fit empirical micro-blogging data on hashtag usage, and to predict novel scaling features of the data. The presented framework, in contrast to purely empirical studies or simulation-based models, clearly distinguishes the roles of two distinct factors affecting meme popularity: the memory time of users and the connectivity structure of the social network.

Gleeson, James P; Baños, Raquel A; Moreno, Yamir

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

243

Dynamic heart-in-thorax phantom for functional SPECT  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We have designed and built a dynamic heart-in-thorax phantom to be used as a primary tool during the experimental verification of the performance of the quantitative dynamic functional imaging method we are developing for standard rotating single photon emission computed tomography (SPECT) cameras. The phantom consists of two independent parts (i) a dynamic heart model with the possibility of mounting {open_quotes}defects{close_quotes} inside it and (ii) a non-uniform thorax model with lungs and spinal cord, and uses the fact that the washout of a tracer by dilution is governed by a linear first order equation, the same type of equation as is used to model time-activity distribution in myocardial viability studies. Tests of the dynamic performance of the phantom in planar scanning mode have confirmed the validity of these assumptions. Also the preliminary results obtained in SPECT mode show that the values of characteristic times could be experimentally determined and that these values agreed well with the values preset on the phantom. We consider that the phantom is ready for extensive use in studies into development of the dynamic SPECT method.

Celler, A.; Lyster, D. [Vancouver Hospital and Health Sciences Centre (Canada); Farncombe, T. [Univ. of British Columbia, Vancouver (Canada)] [and others

1996-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

244

Photodissociation spectroscopy and dynamics of free radicals, clusters, and ions  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The photodissociation spectroscopy and dynamics of free radicals and ions is studied to characterize the dissociative electronic states in these species. To accomplish this, a special method of radical production, based on the photodetachment of the corresponding negative ion, has been combined with the technique of fast beam photofragment translational spectroscopy. The photofragment yield as a function of photon energy is obtained, mapping out the dissociative and predissociative electronic states. Branching ratios to various product channels, the translational energy distributions of the fragments, and bond dissociation energies are then determined at selected photon energies. The detailed picture of photodissociation dynamics is provided with the aid of ab initio calculations and a statistical model to interpret the observed data. Important reaction intermediates in combustion reactions have been studied: CCO, C{sub 2}H{sub 5}O, and linear C{sub n} (n = 4--6).

Hyeon, Choi

1999-12-16T23:59:59.000Z

245

Distributed Theorem Proving for Distributed Hybrid Systems  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

system with a varying number of arbitrarily many cars. 1 Introduction Hybrid systems with joint discrete a multi-agent system, e.g., distributed car control systems. Such systems form distributed hybrid systemsDistributed Theorem Proving for Distributed Hybrid Systems David W. Renshaw, Sarah M. Loos

Platzer, André

246

Distributed DBMS I Introduction  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Distributed DBMS Outline I Introduction I Background I Distributed DBMS Architecture I Distributed Data server approach Parallel architectures Parallel DBMS techniques Parallel execution models Parallel Database Systems Distributed Object DBMS Database Interoperability Concluding Remarks #12

Chen, Yangjun

247

CONE-DHT: A distributed self-stabilizing algorithm for a heterogeneous storage system  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

CONE-DHT: A distributed self-stabilizing algorithm for a heterogeneous storage system Sebastian of managing a dynamic heterogeneous storage system in a distributed way so that the amount of data assigned for a dynamic heterogeneous storage system. Many solutions for distributed storage systems have already been

Paderborn, Universität

248

Complex Dynamics  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Complex Dynamics Bernardo Da Costa, Koushik Ramachandran, Jingjing Qu, and I had a two semester learning seminar in complex analysis and potential ...

249

Modal aerosol dynamics modeling  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The report presents the governing equations for representing aerosol dynamics, based on several different representations of the aerosol size distribution. Analytical and numerical solution techniques for these governing equations are also reviewed. Described in detail is a computationally efficient numerical technique for simulating aerosol behavior in systems undergoing simultaneous heat transfer, fluid flow, and mass transfer in and between the gas and condensed phases. The technique belongs to a general class of models known as modal aerosol dynamics (MAD) models. These models solve for the temporal and spatial evolution of the particle size distribution function. Computational efficiency is achieved by representing the complete aerosol population as a sum of additive overlapping populations (modes), and solving for the time rate of change of integral moments of each mode. Applications of MAD models for simulating aerosol dynamics in continuous stirred tank aerosol reactors and flow aerosol reactors are provided. For the application to flow aerosol reactors, the discussion is developed in terms of considerations for merging a MAD model with the SIMPLER routine described by Patankar (1980). Considerations for incorporating a MAD model into the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency's Regional Particulate Model are also described. Numerical and analytical techniques for evaluating the size-space integrals of the modal dynamics equations (MDEs) are described. For multimodal logonormal distributions, an analytical expression for the coagulation integrals of the MDEs, applicable for all size regimes, is derived, and is within 20% of accurate numerical evaluation of the same moment coagulation integrals. A computationally efficient integration technique, based on Gauss-Hermite numerical integration, is also derived.

Whitby, E.R.; McMurry, P.H.; Shankar, U.; Binkowski, F.S.

1991-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

250

The influence of surface properties on the plasma dynamics in radio-frequency driven oxygen plasmas: Measurements and simulations  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Plasma parameters and dynamics in capacitively coupled oxygen plasmas are investigated for different surface conditions. Metastable species concentration, electronegativity, spatial distribution of particle densities as well as the ionization dynamics are significantly influenced by the surface loss probability of metastable singlet delta oxygen (SDO). Simulated surface conditions are compared to experiments in the plasma-surface interface region using phase resolved optical emission spectroscopy. It is demonstrated how in-situ measurements of excitation features can be used to determine SDO surface loss probabilities for different surface materials.

Greb, Arthur; Niemi, Kari; O'Connell, Deborah; Gans, Timo [York Plasma Institute, Department of Physics, University of York, York, YO10 5DD (United Kingdom)] [York Plasma Institute, Department of Physics, University of York, York, YO10 5DD (United Kingdom)

2013-12-09T23:59:59.000Z

251

Biosystem Dynamics & Design | EMSL  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Biosystem Dynamics & Design Overview Atmospheric Aerosol Systems Biosystem Dynamics & Design Energy Materials & Processes Terrestrial & Subsurface Ecosystems Biosystem Dynamics &...

252

CX-011722: Categorical Exclusion Determination | Department of...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Determination Green Mountain-Blue Ridge Repeater 2.4 Kilovolt Distribution Line Danger Tree Management in Grand County, Colorado CX(s) Applied: B1.3 Date: 12312013 Location(s):...

253

CX-002537: Categorical Exclusion Determination | Department of...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Exclusion Determination Measurement of Distribution Coefficients for Z-Area Industrial Solid Waste Landfill Samples and Lab Prepared Grouts CX(s) Applied: B3.6 Date: 05052010...

254

CX-005446: Categorical Exclusion Determination | Department of...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Categorical Exclusion Determination Plug and Play Distributed Power Systems for Smart-Grid Connected Buildings CX(s) Applied: A9, B2.2, B5.1 Date: 03172011 Location(s):...

255

Asserting and Checking Determinism for Multithreaded Programs  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Asserting and Checking Determinism for Multithreaded Programs Jacob Burnim EECS Department, UC provided that copies are not made or distributed for profit or commercial advantage and that copies bear

Sen, Koushik

256

Report on Distributed Generation Penetration Study  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This report documents part of a multiyear research program dedicated to the development of requirements to support the definition, design, and demonstration of a distributed generation-electric power system interconnection interface concept. The report focuses on the dynamic behavior of power systems when a significant portion of the total energy resource is distributed generation. It also focuses on the near-term reality that the majority of new DG relies on rotating synchronous generators for energy conversion.

Miller, N.; Ye, Z.

2003-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

257

Distributed Parallel Particle Advection using Work Requesting  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Particle advection is an important vector field visualization technique that is difficult to apply to very large data sets in a distributed setting due to scalability limitations in existing algorithms. In this paper, we report on several experiments using work requesting dynamic scheduling which achieves balanced work distribution on arbitrary problems with minimal communication overhead. We present a corresponding prototype implementation, provide and analyze benchmark results, and compare our results to an existing algorithm.

Muller, Cornelius; Camp, David; Hentschel, Bernd; Garth, Christoph

2013-09-30T23:59:59.000Z

258

Western Red-tailed Skink Distribution in Southern Nevada  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This slide show reports a study to: determine Western Red-tailed Skink (WRTS) distribution on Nevada National Security Site (NNSS); identify habitat where WRTS occur; learn more about WRTS natural history; and document distribution of other species.

Hall, D. B. and Gergor, P. D.

2011-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

259

Ionic strength independence of charge distributions in solvation of biomolecules  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Electrostatic forces enormously impact the structure, interactions, and function of biomolecules. We perform all-atom molecular dynamics simulations for 5 proteins and 5 RNAs to determine the dependence on ionic strength of the ion and water charge distributions surrounding the biomolecules, as well as the contributions of ions to the electrostatic free energy of interaction between the biomolecule and the surrounding salt solution (for a total of 40 different biomolecule/solvent combinations). Although water provides the dominant contribution to the charge density distribution and to the electrostatic potential even in 1M NaCl solutions, the contributions of water molecules and of ions to the total electrostatic interaction free energy with the solvated biomolecule are comparable. The electrostatic biomolecule/solvent interaction energies and the total charge distribution exhibit a remarkable insensitivity to salt concentrations over a huge range of salt concentrations (20 mM to 1M NaCl). The electrostatic potentials near the biomolecule's surface obtained from the MD simulations differ markedly, as expected, from the potentials predicted by continuum dielectric models, even though the total electrostatic interaction free energies are within 11% of each other.

Virtanen, J. J. [Department of Chemistry, University of Chicago, Chicago, Illinois 60637 (United States); James Franck Institute, University of Chicago, Chicago, Illinois 60637 (United States); Sosnick, T. R. [Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, Institute for Biophysical Dynamics, University of Chicago, Chicago, Illinois 60637 (United States); Computation Institute, University of Chicago, Chicago, Illinois 60637 (United States); Freed, K. F. [Department of Chemistry, University of Chicago, Chicago, Illinois 60637 (United States); James Franck Institute, University of Chicago, Chicago, Illinois 60637 (United States); Computation Institute, University of Chicago, Chicago, Illinois 60637 (United States)

2014-12-14T23:59:59.000Z

260

The Metallicity Distribution of Intracluster Stars in Virgo  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We have used the Hubble Space Telescope's Advanced Camera for Surveys (ACS) to detect and measure ~5300 stars in a single intracluster field in the Virgo Cluster. By performing F606W and F814W photometry on these stars, we have determined their metallicity distribution function, and constrained the types of stars present in this portion of Virgo's intracluster space. Based on the small number of stars detected brighter than the red giant branch (RGB) tip, we suggest that in this region, Virgo's intracluster stars are mostly old (>~10 Gyr). Through analysis of the RGB stars themselves, we determine that the population contains the full range of metallicities probed (-2.3-0.5. The spatial distribution of the most metal-poor stars in the field shows significantly more structure than that of the metal-rich stars, indicating that the intracluster population is not well-mixed. We discuss the implications these observations have for the production of intracluster stars and the dynamical evolution of the Virgo Cluster.

Benjamin F. Williams; Robin Ciardullo; Patrick R. Durrell; Matt Vinciguerra; John J. Feldmeier; George H. Jacoby; Steinn Sigurdsson; Ted von Hippel; Henry C. Ferguson; Nial R. Tanvir; Magda Arnaboldi; Ortwin Gerhard; J. Alfonso L. Aguerri; Ken Freeman

2006-10-12T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "determination distributed dynamic" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


261

Unifying distribution functions: some lesser known distributions  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We show that there is a way to unify distribution functions that describe simultaneously a signal in space and (spatial) frequency. Probably the most known of them is the Wigner distribution function. Here we show how to unify functions of the Cohen class, Rihacek's complex energy function, Husimi and Glauber-Sudarshan distribution functions.

Moya-Cessa, J R; Berriel-Valdos, L R; Aguilar-Loreto, O; Barberis-Blostein, P

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

262

Categorical Exclusion Determinations: Western Area PowerAdministratio...  

Energy Savers [EERE]

CX-012351: Categorical Exclusion Determination Danger Tree Management on Green Mountain-Blue Ridge Repeater 2.4-kilovolt Distribution Line (Amended), Grand County, Colorado CX(s)...

263

Cooperative Fault Tolerant Distributed Computing  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

HARNESS was proposed as a system that combined the best of emerging technologies found in current distributed computing research and commercial products into a very flexible, dynamically adaptable framework that could be used by applications to allow them to evolve and better handle their execution environment. The HARNESS system was designed using the considerable experience from previous projects such as PVM, MPI, IceT and Cumulvs. As such, the system was designed to avoid any of the common problems found with using these current systems, such as no single point of failure, ability to survive machine, node and software failures. Additional features included improved inter-component connectivity, with full support for dynamic down loading of addition components at run-time thus reducing the stress on application developers to build in all the libraries they need in advance.

Fagg, Graham E.

2006-03-15T23:59:59.000Z

264

Distributed road assessment system  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A system that detects damage on or below the surface of a paved structure or pavement is provided. A distributed road assessment system includes road assessment pods and a road assessment server. Each road assessment pod includes a ground-penetrating radar antenna array and a detection system that detects road damage from the return signals as the vehicle on which the pod is mounted travels down a road. Each road assessment pod transmits to the road assessment server occurrence information describing each occurrence of road damage that is newly detected on a current scan of a road. The road assessment server maintains a road damage database of occurrence information describing the previously detected occurrences of road damage. After the road assessment server receives occurrence information for newly detected occurrences of road damage for a portion of a road, the road assessment server determines which newly detected occurrences correspond to which previously detected occurrences of road damage.

Beer, N. Reginald; Paglieroni, David W

2014-03-25T23:59:59.000Z

265

DISTRIBUTED COGNITIVE MAC FOR ENERGY-CONSTRAINED OPPORTUNISTIC SPECTRUM ACCESS  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Zhao Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering University of California, Davis, CA 94536 dynamics, channel fading statistics, and energy consumption characteristics of the secondary user.S. Government is authorized to reproduce and distribute reprints for Government purposes notwithstanding any

Islam, M. Saif

266

Diploma Thesis Distributed Secondary Control in Microgrids  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Diploma Thesis Distributed Secondary Control in Microgrids Hedi Bouattour May 10, 2013 Betreuer: Florian Dörfler University of California, Santa Barbara Center for Control, Dynamical Systems. Dr.-Ing. Frank Allgöwer #12;#12;Contents 1 Introduction 1 1.1 Microgrids and Control

Bullo, Francesco

267

Distributed Energy Communications & Controls, Lab Activities - Summary  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The purpose is to develop controls for inverter-based renewable and non-renewable distributed energy systems to provide local voltage, power and power quality support for loads and the power grid. The objectives are to (1) develop adaptive controls for inverter-based distributed energy (DE) systems when there are multiple inverters on the same feeder and (2) determine the impact of high penetration high seasonal energy efficiency ratio (SEER) air conditioning (A/C) units on power systems during sub-transmission faults which can result in an A/C compressor motor stall and assess how inverter-based DE can help to mitigate the stall event. The Distributed Energy Communications & Controls Laboratory (DECC) is a unique facility for studying dynamic voltage, active power (P), non-active power (Q) and power factor control from inverter-based renewable distributed energy (DE) resources. Conventionally, inverter-based DE systems have been designed to provide constant, close to unity power factor and thus not provide any voltage support. The DECC Lab interfaces with the ORNL campus distribution system to provide actual power system testing of the controls approach. Using mathematical software tools and the DECC Lab environment, we are developing and testing local, autonomous and adaptive controls for local voltage control and P & Q control for inverter-based DE. We successfully tested our active and non-active power (P,Q) controls at the DECC laboratory along with voltage regulation controls. The new PQ control along with current limiter controls has been tested on our existing inverter test system. We have tested both non-adaptive and adaptive control modes for the PQ control. We have completed several technical papers on the approaches and results. Electric power distribution systems are experiencing outages due to a phenomenon known as fault induced delayed voltage recovery (FIDVR) due to air conditioning (A/C) compressor motor stall. Local voltage collapse from FIDVR is occurring in part because modern air-conditioner and heat pump compressor motors are much more susceptible to stalling during a voltage sag or dip than older motors. These motors can stall in less than three cycles (0.05 s) when a fault, for example, on the sub-transmission system, causes voltage on the distribution system to sag to 70% or less of nominal. We completed a new test system for A/C compressor motor stall testing at the DECC Lab. The A/C Stall test system is being used to characterize when and how compressor motors stall under low voltage and high compressor pressure conditions. However, instead of using air conditioners, we are using high efficiency heat pumps. We have gathered A/C stall characterization data for both sustained and momentary voltage sags of the test heat pump. At low enough voltage, the heat pump stalls (compressor motor stops and draws 5-6 times normal current in trying to restart) due to low inertia and low torque of the motor. For the momentary sag, we are using a fast acting contactor/switch to quickly switch from nominal to the sagged voltage in cycles.

Rizy, D Tom [ORNL

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

268

Distributed Generation Investment by a Microgrid Under Uncertainty  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

utility. Using the real options approach, we find naturalDistributed Generation; Real Options; Optimal Investment. 1.based microgrid via the real options approach to determine

Siddiqui, Afzal; Marnay, Chris

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

269

CONSULTANT REPORT DISTRIBUTED GENERATION  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

CONSULTANT REPORT DISTRIBUTED GENERATION INTEGRATION COST STUDY Analytical Framework energy development, or distributed generation, in California. In May 2012, Southern California Edison Southern California Edison's approach to evaluating distributed generation impacts, and to conduct

270

Water-Peptide Dynamics during Conformational Transitions Dmitry Nerukh*,  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Water-Peptide Dynamics during Conformational Transitions Dmitry Nerukh*, and Sergey Karabasov are investigated using classical molecular dynamics simulation with explicit water molecules. The distribution of the surrounding water at different moments before the transitions and the dynamical correlations of water

Nerukh, Dmitry

271

Event-Based Approach to Modelling Dynamic Architecture  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Event-Based Approach to Modelling Dynamic Architecture: Application to Mobile Ad-Hoc Network.Attiogbe@univ-nantes.fr Abstract. We describe an event-based approach to specifiy systems with dynamically evolving architecture tools. Keywords: Specification, Verification, Dynamic Architecture, Event B. 1 Introduction Distributed

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

272

Longitudinal Dynamics and Tomography in the Tevatron  

DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

Motivated by the desire to understand the longitudinal effects of beam-beam forces, we study the longitudinal dynamics of protons and anti-protons at injection and top energy in the Tevatron. Multi-turn data of the longitudinal profiles are captured to reveal information about frequencies of oscillation, and changes in the bunch distributions. Tomographic reconstruction is used to create phase space maps which are subsequently used to find the momentum distributions. Changes in these distributions for both proton and anti-proton beams are also followed through the operational cycle. We report on the details of interesting dynamics and some unexpected findings.

Stogin, J [Princeton U.; Sen, T [Fermilab; Moore, R S [Fermilab

2012-01-10T23:59:59.000Z

273

Dynamic nuclear polarization for NMR : applications and hardware development  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

solid State NMR (SSNMR) can determine molecular as well as supermolecular structure and dynamics. The low signal intensities make many of these experiments prohibitively long. Dynamic Nuclear Polarization provides a method ...

Casey, Andrew (Andrew Byron)

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

274

Electrical signature of magnetic domain-wall dynamics  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Current-induced domain-wall dynamics is studied in a thin ferromagnetic nanowire. The domain-wall dynamics is described by simple equations with four parameters. We propose a procedure to unambiguously determine these parameters by all...

Liu, Y.; Tretiakov, O. A.; Abanov, Artem.

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

275

A Dynamical Approach to Temperature  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We present a new dynamical approach for measuring the temperature of a Hamiltonian dynamical system in the micro canonical ensemble of thermodynamics. We show that under the hypothesis of ergodicity the temperature can be computed as a time-average of the functional, div(grad H/|grad H|^2), on the energy-surface. Our method not only yields an efficient computational approach for determining the temperature it also provides an intrinsic link between dynamical systems theory and the statistical mechanics of Hamiltonian systems.

Hans Henrik Rugh

1997-01-30T23:59:59.000Z

276

Determination of Longitudinal Dispersion Coefficient and Net  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

climatically forced variables (e.g., changes in freshwater runoff) as well as spills of contaminants related play important roles in determining the movement and change in concentration of contaminants discharged the change in the second moment of the tracer distribution with time, we determined the mean longitudinal

Ho, David

277

Distribution Grid Integration  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

The DOE Systems Integration team funds distribution grid integration research and development (R&D) activities to address the technical issues that surround distribution grid planning,...

278

(1) Determine how topography is related to the spatial distribution  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

and cool dry summers. Dominant tree species include Douglas-fir (Pseudotsuga menziesii), western hemlock and 3). Terrain is rugged and steep, with a dense network of streams and a climate with warm wet winters-fire salvage b. Stand Basal Area vs Dead Wood Volume 0 20 40 60 80 100 120 0 200 400 600 800 1000 1200 Volume

279

Determination of leakage and unaccounted-for gas distribution  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

All gas systems leak. Gas escapes every system in one way or another. This is true because gas is permeable to every system. For instance, with PE2306 pipe, the volume of methane lost through permeation in one mile of two-inch pipe operated at 60 psi is about 0.26 cubic feet per day. So, if every system leaks, then how much do we lose? Hence, we have unaccounted-for gas. Unaccounted-for gas is truly accounted-for gas--but it is missing! It is the difference between the amount of gas accounted into a system and the amount of gas accounted out. Many factors cause unaccounted-for gas. Each should be examined before the missing gas is all attributed to leakage--a single cause of unaccounted-for gas. Factors I would suggest evaluating are the following: (1) Measured conditions; (2) Accounting methods; (3) Meter errors; (4) Gas used for construction and operations; (5) Major damage and relief valve trips; (6) Meter reading errors, stolen gas, etc.; and (7) Leakage.

Spriggs, C.M. [Oklahoma Natural Gas Co., Tulsa, OK (United States)

1995-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

280

Abstract--This paper proposes an effective VAR planning based on reactive power margin for the enhancement of dynamic  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, distributed generation (DG), D-STATCOM, reactive power margin, wind turbine. I. INTRODUCTION URRENTLY for the enhancement of dynamic voltage stability in distribution networks with distributed wind generation results showing the effects of composite load on voltage dynamics in the distribution network through

Pota, Himanshu Roy

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "determination distributed dynamic" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


281

Hydration water dynamics and instigation of protein structuralrelaxation  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Until a critical hydration level is reached, proteins do not function. This critical level of hydration is analogous to a similar lack of protein function observed for temperatures below a dynamical temperature range of 180-220K that also is connected to the dynamics of protein surface water. Restoration of some enzymatic activity is observed in partially hydrated protein powders, sometimes corresponding to less than a single hydration layer on the protein surface, which indicates that the dynamical and structural properties of the surface water is intimately connected to protein stability and function. Many elegant studies using both experiment and simulation have contributed important information about protein hydration structure and timescales. The molecular mechanism of the solvent motion that is required to instigate the protein structural relaxation above a critical hydration level or transition temperature has yet to be determined. In this work we use experimental quasi-elastic neutron scattering (QENS) and molecular dynamics simulation to investigate hydration water dynamics near a greatly simplified protein system. We consider the hydration water dynamics near the completely deuterated N-acetyl-leucine-methylamide (NALMA) solute, a hydrophobic amino acid side chain attached to a polar blocked polypeptide backbone, as a function of concentration between 0.5M-2.0M under ambient conditions. We note that roughly 50-60% of a folded protein's surface is equally distributed between hydrophobic and hydrophilic domains, domains whose lengths are on the order of a few water diameters, that justify our study of hydration dynamics of this simple model protein system. The QENS experiment was performed at the NIST Center for Neutron Research, using the disk chopper time of flight spectrometer (DCS). In order to separate the translational and rotational components in the spectra, two sets of experiments were carried out using different incident neutron wavelengths of 7.5{angstrom} and 5.5{angstrom} to give two different time resolutions. All the spectra have been measure at room temperature. The spectra were corrected for the sample holder contribution and normalized using the vanadium standard. The resulting data were analyzed with DAVE programs (http://www.ncnr.nist.gov/dave/). The AMBER force field and SPCE water model were used for modeling the NALMA solute and water, respectively. For the analysis of the water dynamics in the NALMA aqueous solutions, we performed simulations of a dispersed solute configuration consistent with our previous structural analysis, where we had primarily focused on the structural organization of these peptide solutions and their connection to protein folding. Further details of the QENS experiment and molecular dynamics simulations are reported elsewhere.

Russo, Daniela; Hura, Greg; Head-Gordon, Teresa

2003-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

282

A Smart Energy System: Distributed Resource Management, Control and Optimization  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A Smart Energy System: Distributed Resource Management, Control and Optimization Yong Ding, Student of distributed energy resource and consumption management, which proposes to design a networked and embedded platform for realizing a dynamic energy mix and optimizing the energy consumption dy- namically. Based

Beigl, Michael

283

Fairness and dynamic pricing: comments  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In ''The Ethics of Dynamic Pricing,'' Ahmad Faruqui lays out a case for improved efficiency in using dynamic prices for retail electricity tariffs and addresses various issues about the distributional effects of alternative pricing mechanisms. The principal contrast is between flat or nearly constant energy prices and time-varying prices that reflect more closely the marginal costs of energy and capacity. The related issues of fairness criteria, contracts, risk allocation, cost allocation, means testing, real-time pricing, and ethical policies of electricity market design also must be considered. (author)

Hogan, William W.

2010-07-15T23:59:59.000Z

284

Statistics as a dynamical attractor  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

It is demonstrated that any statistics can be represented by an attractor of the solution to a corresponding systen of ODE coupled with its Liouville equation. Such a non-Newtonian representation allows one to reduce foundations of statistics to better established foundations of ODE. In addition to that, evolution to the attractor reveals possible micro-mechanisms driving random events to the final distribution of the corresponding statistical law. Special attention is concentrated upon the power law and its dynamical interpretation: it is demonstrated that the underlying dynamics supports a " violent reputation" of the power law statistics.

Michail Zak

2012-08-30T23:59:59.000Z

285

Spatiotemporal measurement of surfactant distribution on gravity-capillary waves  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Materials adsorbed to the surface of a fluid -- for instance, crude oil, biogenic slicks, or industrial/medical surfactants -- will move in response to surface waves. Due to the difficulty of non-invasive measurement of the spatial distribution of a molecular monolayer, little is known about the dynamics that couple the surface waves and the evolving density field. Here, we report measurements of the spatiotemporal dynamics of the density field of an insoluble surfactant driven by gravity-capillary waves in a shallow cylindrical container. Standing Faraday waves and traveling waves generated by the meniscus are superimposed to create a non-trivial surfactant density field. We measure both the height field of the surface using moir\\'e-imaging, and the density field of the surfactant via the fluorescence of NBD-tagged phosphatidylcholine, a lipid. Through phase-averaging stroboscopically-acquired images of the density field, we determine that the surfactant accumulates on the leading edge of the traveling menis...

Strickland, Stephen L; Daniels, Karen E

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

286

Symbolic dynamics  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This chapter presents some of the links between automata theory and symbolic dynamics. The emphasis is on two particular points. The first one is the interplay between some particular classes of automata, such as local automata and results on embeddings of shifts of finite type. The second one is the connection between syntactic semigroups and the classification of sofic shifts up to conjugacy.

Béal, M -P; Eilers, S; Perrin, D

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

287

SDI: Statistical dynamic interactions  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We focus on the combined statistical and dynamical aspects of heavy ion induced reactions. The overall picture is illustrated by considering the reaction {sup 36}Ar + {sup 238}U at a projectile energy of 35 MeV/nucleon. We illustrate the time dependent bound excitation energy due to the fusion/relaxation dynamics as calculated with the Boltzmann master equation. An estimate of the mass, charge and excitation of an equilibrated nucleus surviving the fast (dynamic) fusion-relaxation process is used as input into an evaporation calculation which includes 20 heavy fragment exit channels. The distribution of excitations between residue and clusters is explicitly calculated, as is the further deexcitation of clusters to bound nuclei. These results are compared with the exclusive cluster multiplicity measurements of Kim et al., and are found to give excellent agreement. We consider also an equilibrated residue system at 25% lower initial excitation, which gives an unsatisfactory exclusive multiplicity distribution. This illustrates that exclusive fragment multiplicity may provide a thermometer for system excitation. This analysis of data involves successive binary decay with no compressional effects nor phase transitions. Several examples of primary versus final (stable) cluster decay probabilities for an A = 100 nucleus at excitations of 100 to 800 MeV are presented. From these results a large change in multifragmentation patterns may be understood as a simple phase space consequence, invoking neither phase transitions, nor equation of state information. These results are used to illustrate physical quantities which are ambiguous to deduce from experimental fragment measurements. 14 refs., 4 figs.

Blann, M.; Mustafa, M.G. (Lawrence Livermore National Lab., CA (USA)); Peilert, G.; Stoecker, H.; Greiner, W. (Frankfurt Univ. (Germany, F.R.). Inst. fuer Theoretische Physik)

1991-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

288

Abstract--This paper presents the impact of different types of load models in distribution network with distributed wind  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

as a major enabler of the smart grid for the integration of small and medium sized renewable energy based that modeling of loads has a significant impact on the voltage dynamics of the distribution systemAbstract--This paper presents the impact of different types of load models in distribution network

Pota, Himanshu Roy

289

Molecular dynamics simulations of ion range profiles for heavy...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

simulations of ion range profiles for heavy ions in light targets. Molecular dynamics simulations of ion range profiles for heavy ions in light targets. Abstract: The determination...

290

Dynamical Transition and Heterogeneous Hydration Dynamics in RNA  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Enhanced dynamical fluctuations of RNAs, facilitated by a network of water molecules with strong interactions with RNA, are suspected to be critical in their ability to respond to a variety of cellular signals. Using atomically detailed molecular dynamics simulations at various temperatures of purine (adenine)- and preQ$_1$ sensing riboswitch aptamers, we show that water molecules in the vicinity of RNAs undergo complex dynamics depending on the local structures of the RNAs. The overall lifetimes of hydrogen bonds (HBs) of surface bound waters are more than at least 1-2 orders of magnitude longer than bulk water. Slow hydration dynamics, revealed in non-Arrhenius behavior of the relaxation time, arises from high activation barriers to break water hydrogen bonds with a nucleotide and by reduced diffusion of water. The relaxation kinetics at specific locations in the two RNAs show a broad spectrum of time scales reminiscent of glass-like behavior, suggesting that the hydration dynamics is highly heterogeneous. Both RNAs undergo dynamic transition at $T = T_D \\gtrsim 200$ K as assessed by the mean square fluctuation of hydrogen atoms $\\langle x^2\\rangle$, which undergoes an abrupt harmonic-to-anharmonic transition at $T_D$. The near universal value of $T_D$ found for these RNAs and previously for tRNA is strongly correlated with changes in hydration dynamics as $T$ is altered. Hierarchical dynamics of waters associated with the RNA surface, revealed in the motions of distinct classes of water with well-separated time scales, reflects the heterogeneous local environment on the molecular surface of RNA. At low temperatures slow water dynamics predominates over structural transitions. Our study demonstrates that the complex interplay of dynamics between water and local environment in the RNA structures could be a key determinant of the functional activities of RNA.

Jeseong Yoon; Jong-Chin Lin; Changbong Hyeon; D. Thirumalai

2014-04-24T23:59:59.000Z

291

Nonstatistical dynamics on the caldera  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We explore both classical and quantum dynamics of a model potential exhibiting a caldera: that is, a shallow potential well with two pairs of symmetry related index one saddles associated with entrance/exit channels. Classical trajectory simulations at several different energies confirm the existence of the `dynamical matching' phenomenon originally proposed by Carpenter, where the momentum direction associated with an incoming trajectory initiated at a high energy saddle point determines to a considerable extent the outcome of the reaction (passage through the diametrically opposing exit channel). By studying a `stretched' version of the caldera model, we have uncovered a generalized dynamical matching: bundles of trajectories can reflect off a hard potential wall so as to end up exiting predominantly through the transition state opposite the reflection point. We also investigate the effects of dissipation on the classical dynamics. In addition to classical trajectory studies, we examine the dynamics of quantum wave packets on the caldera potential (stretched and unstretched). These computations reveal a quantum mechanical analogue of the `dynamical matching' phenomenon, where the initial expectation value of the momentum direction for the wave packet determines the exit channel through which most of the probability density passes to product.

Peter Collins; Zeb C. Kramer; Barry K. Carpenter; Gregory S. Ezra; Stephen Wiggins

2014-05-09T23:59:59.000Z

292

A lattice mesoscopic model of dynamically heterogeneous fluids  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We introduce a mesoscopic three-dimensional Lattice Boltzmann Model which attempts to mimick the physical features associated with cage effects in dynamically heterogeneous fluids. To this purpose, we extend the standard Lattice Boltzmann dynamics with self-consistent constraints based on the non-local density of the surrounding fluid. The resulting dynamics exhibits typical features of dynamic heterogeneous fluids, such as non-Gaussian density distributions and long-time relaxation. Due to its intrinsically parallel dynamics, and absence of statistical noise, the method is expected to compute significantly faster than molecular dynamics, Monte Carlo and lattice glass models.

A. Lamura; S. Succi

2005-10-04T23:59:59.000Z

293

Dynamic Fracture Toughness of Polymer Composites  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

that of defense or transport. In this project, the focus is on determining dynamic fracture toughness property of fiber reinforced polymer composites by using a combined numerical- experimental methodology. Impact tests are conducted on Split-Hopkinson pressure...

Harmeet Kaur

2012-02-14T23:59:59.000Z

294

Correlated exciton dynamics in semiconductor nanostructures  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The absorption and dissipation of energy in semiconductor nanostructures are often determined by excited electron dynamics. In semiconductors, one fundamentally important electronic state is an exciton, an excited electron ...

Wen, Patrick, Ph. D. Massachusetts Institute of Technology

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

295

Magnetic field distribution in the plasma flow generated by a plasma focus discharge  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The magnetic field in the plasma jet propagating from the plasma pinch region along the axis of the chamber in a megajoule PF-3 plasma focus facility is studied. The dynamics of plasma with a trapped magnetic flow is analyzed. The spatial sizes of the plasma jet region in which the magnetic field concentrates are determined in the radial and axial directions. The magnetic field configuration in the plasma jet is investigated: the radial distribution of the azimuthal component of the magnetic field inside the jet is determined. It is shown that the magnetic induction vector at a given point in space can change its direction during the plasma flight. Conclusions regarding the symmetry of the plasma flow propagation relative to the chamber axis are drawn.

Mitrofanov, K. N., E-mail: mitrofan@triniti.ru [Troitsk Institute for Innovaiton and Fusion Research (Russian Federation); Krauz, V. I., E-mail: krauz_vi@nrcki.ru; Myalton, V. V.; Velikhov, E. P.; Vinogradov, V. P.; Vinogradova, Yu. V. [National Research Centre Kurchatov Institute (Russian Federation)

2014-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

296

Flavor Dynamics  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The purpose of BRAHMS is to survey the dynamics of relativistic heavy ion (as well as pp and d-A) collisions over a very wide range of rapidity and transverse momentum. The sum of these data may give us a glimpse of the initial state of the system, its transverse and longitudinal evolution and how the nature of the system changes with time. Here I will concentrate on the origin and dynamics of the light flavors, i.e. the creation and transport of the up, down and strange quarks. The results presented here are certainly not the end of the story. It is my hope that in a few years new detectors will reveal the rapidity dependence of the charm and bottom quarks.

Michael Murray; for the BRAHMS Collaboration

2007-10-24T23:59:59.000Z

297

Fractal distributions of dark matter and gas in the MareNostrum Universe  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We develop a method of multifractal analysis of N-body cosmological simulations that improves on the customary counts-in-cells method by taking special care of the effects of discreteness and large scale homogeneity. The analysis of the Mare-Nostrum simulation with our method provides strong evidence of self-similar multifractal distributions of dark matter and gas, with a halo mass function that is of Press-Schechter type but has a power-law exponent -2, as corresponds to a multifractal. Furthermore, our analysis shows that the dark matter and gas distributions are indistinguishable as multifractals. To determine if there is any gas biasing, we calculate the cross-correlation coefficient, with negative but inconclusive results. Hence, we develop an effective Bayesian analysis connected with information theory, which clearly demonstrates that the gas is biased in a long range of scales, up to the scale of homogeneity. However, entropic measures related to the Bayesian analysis show that this gas bias is small (in a precise sense) and is such that the fractal singularities of both distributions coincide and are identical. We conclude that this common multifractal cosmic web structure is determined by the dynamics and is independent of the initial conditions.

Jose Gaite

2010-03-15T23:59:59.000Z

298

Fractal analysis of the dark matter and gas distributions in the Mare-Nostrum universe  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We develop a method of multifractal analysis of N-body cosmological simulations that improves on the customary counts-in-cells method by taking special care of the effects of discreteness and large scale homogeneity. The analysis of the Mare-Nostrum simulation with our method provides strong evidence of self-similar multifractal distributions of dark matter and gas, with a halo mass function that is of Press-Schechter type but has a power-law exponent -2, as corresponds to a multifractal. Furthermore, our analysis shows that the dark matter and gas distributions are indistinguishable as multifractals. To determine if there is any gas biasing, we calculate the cross-correlation coefficient, with negative but inconclusive results. Hence, we develop an effective Bayesian analysis connected with information theory, which clearly demonstrates that the gas is biased in a long range of scales, up to the scale of homogeneity. However, entropic measures related to the Bayesian analysis show that this gas bias is small (in a precise sense) and is such that the fractal singularities of both distributions coincide and are identical. We conclude that this common multifractal cosmic web structure is determined by the dynamics and is independent of the initial conditions.

Gaite, José, E-mail: jose.gaite@upm.es [Instituto de Microgravedad IDR, EIAE, Universidad Politécnica de Madrid, Pza. Cardenal Cisneros 3, E-28040 Madrid (Spain)

2010-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

299

Plant Root Characteristics and Dynamics in Arctic Tundra Ecosystems, 1960-2012  

DOE Data Explorer [Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)]

A synthesis of the available literature on tundra root distribution and dynamics, and their role in key ecosystem processes in the Arctic.

Sullivan, Paddy; Sloan, Victoria; Warren, Jeff; McGuire, Dave; Euskirchen, Eugenie; Norby, Richard; Iversen, Colleen; Walker, Anthony; Wullschleger, Stan

300

Enhanced distributed energy resource system  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A power transmission system including a direct current power source electrically connected to a conversion device for converting direct current into alternating current, a conversion device connected to a power distribution system through a junction, an energy storage device capable of producing direct current connected to a converter, where the converter, such as an insulated gate bipolar transistor, converts direct current from an energy storage device into alternating current and supplies the current to the junction and subsequently to the power distribution system. A microprocessor controller, connected to a sampling and feedback module and the converter, determines when the current load is higher than a set threshold value, requiring triggering of the converter to supply supplemental current to the power transmission system.

Atcitty, Stanley (Albuquerque, NM); Clark, Nancy H. (Corrales, NM); Boyes, John D. (Albuquerque, NM); Ranade, Satishkumar J. (Las Cruces, NM)

2007-07-03T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "determination distributed dynamic" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


301

Fractal diffusion coefficient from dynamical zeta functions  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Dynamical zeta functions provide a powerful method to analyze low dimensional dynamical systems when the underlying symbolic dynamics is under control. On the other hand even simple one dimensional maps can show an intricate structure of the grammar rules that may lead to a non smooth dependence of global observable on parameters changes. A paradigmatic example is the fractal diffusion coefficient arising in a simple piecewise linear one dimensional map of the real line. Using the Baladi-Ruelle generalization of the Milnor-Thurnston kneading determinant we provide the exact dynamical zeta function for such a map and compute the diffusion coefficient from its smallest zero.

G. Cristadoro

2005-09-28T23:59:59.000Z

302

FRIB cryogenic distribution system  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Michigan State University Facility for Rare Isotope Beams (MSU-FRIB) helium distribution system has been revised to include bayonet/warm valve type disconnects between each cryomodule and the transfer line distribution system, similar to the Thomas Jefferson National Accelerator Facility (JLab) and the Spallation Neutron Source (SNS) cryogenic distribution systems. The heat loads at various temperature levels and some of the features in the design of the distribution system are outlined. The present status, the plans for fabrication, and the procurement approach for the helium distribution system are also included.

Ganni, Venkatarao [JLAB; Dixon, Kelly D. [JLAB; Laverdure, Nathaniel A. [JLAB; Knudsen, Peter N. [JLAB; Arenius, Dana M. [JLAB; Barrios, Matthew N. [Michigan State; Jones, S. [Michigan State; Johnson, M. [Michigan State; Casagrande, Fabio [Michigan State

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

303

FRIB cryogenic distribution system  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Michigan State University Facility for Rare Isotope Beams (MSU-FRIB) helium distribution system has been revised to include bayonet/warm valve type disconnects between each cryomodule and the transfer line distribution system, similar to the Thomas Jefferson National Accelerator Facility (JLab) and the Spallation Neutron Source (SNS) cryogenic distribution systems. The heat loads at various temperature levels and some of the features in the design of the distribution system are outlined. The present status, the plans for fabrication, and the procurement approach for the helium distribution system are also included.

Ganni, V.; Dixon, K.; Laverdure, N.; Knudsen, P.; Arenius, D. [Thomas Jefferson National Accelerator Facility (JLab), Newport News, VA 23606 (United States); Barrios, M.; Jones, S.; Johnson, M.; Casagrande, F. [Facility for Rare Isotope Beams (FRIB), Michigan State University, East Lansing, MI 48824 (United States)

2014-01-29T23:59:59.000Z

304

Dynamic Positioning Simulator Dynamic Positioning Simulator  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Simulator 5 / 24 #12;Dynamic Positioning Simulator Dynamic Positioning Why Dynamic Positioning? Advantages Dynamic Positioning: No tugboats needed; Offshore set-up is quick; Power saving; Precision situations more on Ship: Wind Force Fw = 1 2 air V 2 rw CXw (rw )AT 1 2 air V 2 rw CYw (rw )AL Mw = 1 2 air V 2 rw CMw (rw

Vuik, Kees

305

Linear phase distribution of acoustical vortices  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Linear phase distribution of phase-coded acoustical vortices was theoretically investigated based on the radiation theory of point source, and then confirmed by experimental measurements. With the proposed criterion of positive phase slope, the possibility of constructing linear circular phase distributions is demonstrated to be determined by source parameters. Improved phase linearity can be achieved at larger source number, lower frequency, smaller vortex radius, and/or longer axial distance. Good agreements are observed between numerical simulations and measurement results for circular phase distributions. The favorable results confirm the feasibility of precise phase control for acoustical vortices and suggest potential applications in particle manipulation.

Gao, Lu; Zheng, Haixiang [Key Laboratory of Optoelectronics of Jiangsu Province, School of Physics Science and Technology, Nanjing Normal University, 1 Wenyuan Road, Xianlin District, Nanjing 210023 (China); Ma, Qingyu, E-mail: maqingyu@njnu.edu.cn [Key Laboratory of Optoelectronics of Jiangsu Province, School of Physics Science and Technology, Nanjing Normal University, 1 Wenyuan Road, Xianlin District, Nanjing 210023 (China); Laboratory of Modern Acoustics of MOE, Nanjing University, Nanjing 210093 (China); Tu, Juan; Zhang, Dong [Laboratory of Modern Acoustics of MOE, Nanjing University, Nanjing 210093 (China)

2014-07-14T23:59:59.000Z

306

Dynamics of synchrotron VUV-induced intracluster reactions  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Photoionization mass spectrometry (PIMS) using the tunable vacuum ultraviolet radiation available at the National Synchrotron Light Source is being exploited to study photoionization-induced reactions in small van der Waals mixed complexes. The information gained includes the observation and classification of reaction paths, the measurement of onsets, and the determination of relative yields of competing reactions. Additional information is obtained by comparison of the properties of different reacting systems. Special attention is given to finding unexpected features, and most of the reactions investigated to date display such features. However, understanding these reactions demands dynamical information, in addition to what is provided by PIMS. Therefore the program has been expanded to include the measurement of kinetic energy release distributions.

Grover, J.R. [Brookhaven National Laboratory, Upton, NY (United States)

1993-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

307

The CJ12 parton distributions  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Three new sets of next-to-leading order parton distribution functions (PDFs) are presented, determined by global fits to a wide variety of data for hard scattering processes. The analysis includes target mass and higher twist corrections needed for the description of deep-inelastic scattering data at large x and low Q^2, and nuclear corrections for deuterium targets. The PDF sets correspond to three different models for the nuclear effects, and provide a more realistic uncertainty range for the d quark PDF compared with previous fits. Applications to weak boson production at colliders are also discussed.

Accardi, Alberto [JLAB; Owens, Jeff F. [Florida State U.

2013-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

308

Statistical analysis of a dynamical multifragmentation path  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A microcanonical multifragmentation model (MMM) is used for investigating whether equilibration really occurs in the dynamical evolution of two heavy ion collisions simulated via a stochastic mean field approach (SMF). The standard deviation function between the dynamically obtained freeze-out fragment distributions corresponding to the reaction $^{129}$Xe+$^{119}$Sn at 32 MeV/u and the MMM ones corresponding to a wide range of mass, excitation energy, freeze-out volume and nuclear level density cut-off parameter shows a unique minimum. A distinct statistically equilibrated stage is identified in the dynamical evolution of the system.

A. H. Raduta; M. Colonna; V. Baran; M. Di Toro

2006-02-20T23:59:59.000Z

309

Impact of Distribution-Connected Large-Scale Wind Turbines on Transmission System Stability during Large Disturbances: Preprint  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This work examines the dynamic impacts of distributed utility-scale wind power during contingency events on both the distribution system and the transmission system. It is the first step toward investigating high penetrations of distribution-connected wind power's impact on both distribution and transmission stability.

Zhang, Y.; Allen, A.; Hodge, B. M.

2014-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

310

Momentum distributions in medium and heavy exotic nuclei  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We study nucleon momentum distributions of even-even isotopes of Ni, Kr, and Sn in the framework of deformed self-consistent mean-field Skyrme HF+BCS method, as well as of theoretical correlation methods based on light-front dynamics and local density approximation. The isotopic sensitivities of the calculated neutron and proton momentum distributions are investigated together with the effects of pairing and nucleon-nucleon correlations. The role of deformation on the momentum distributions in even-even Kr isotopes is discussed. For comparison, the results for the momentum distribution in nuclear matter are also presented.

Gaidarov, M K; Sarriguren, P; Antonov, A N; Ivanov, M V; de Guerra, E Moya

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

311

A quantitative quantum-chemical analysis tool for the distribution of mechanical force in molecules  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The promising field of mechanochemistry suffers from a general lack of understanding of the distribution and propagation of force in a stretched molecule, which limits its applicability up to the present day. In this article, we introduce the JEDI (Judgement of Energy DIstribution) analysis, which is the first quantum chemical method that provides a quantitative understanding of the distribution of mechanical stress energy among all degrees of freedom in a molecule. The method is carried out on the basis of static or dynamic calculations under the influence of an external force and makes use of a Hessian matrix in redundant internal coordinates (bond lengths, bond angles, and dihedral angles), so that all relevant degrees of freedom of a molecule are included and mechanochemical processes can be interpreted in a chemically intuitive way. The JEDI method is characterized by its modest computational effort, with the calculation of the Hessian being the rate-determining step, and delivers, except for the harmonic approximation, exact ab initio results. We apply the JEDI analysis to several example molecules in both static quantum chemical calculations and Born-Oppenheimer Molecular Dynamics simulations in which molecules are subject to an external force, thus studying not only the distribution and the propagation of strain in mechanically deformed systems, but also gaining valuable insights into the mechanochemically induced isomerization of trans-3,4-dimethylcyclobutene to trans,trans-2,4-hexadiene. The JEDI analysis can potentially be used in the discussion of sonochemical reactions, molecular motors, mechanophores, and photoswitches as well as in the development of molecular force probes.

Stauch, Tim; Dreuw, Andreas, E-mail: dreuw@uni-heidelberg.de [Interdisciplinary Center for Scientific Computing, University of Heidelberg, Im Neuenheimer Feld 368, 69120 Heidelberg (Germany)] [Interdisciplinary Center for Scientific Computing, University of Heidelberg, Im Neuenheimer Feld 368, 69120 Heidelberg (Germany)

2014-04-07T23:59:59.000Z

312

Implementing Turing Machines in Dynamic Field Architectures  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Cognitive computation such as e.g. language processing, is conventionally regarded as Turing computation, and Turing machines can be uniquely implemented as nonlinear dynamical systems using generalized shifts and subsequent G\\"odel encoding of the symbolic repertoire. The resulting nonlinear dynamical automata (NDA) are piecewise affine-linear maps acting on the unit square that is partitioned into rectangular domains. Iterating a single point, i.e. a microstate, by the dynamics yields a trajectory of, in principle, infinitely many points scattered through phase space. Therefore, the NDAs microstate dynamics does not necessarily terminate in contrast to its counterpart, the symbolic dynamics obtained from the rectangular partition. In order to regain the proper symbolic interpretation, one has to prepare ensembles of randomly distributed microstates with rectangular supports. Only the resulting macrostate evolution corresponds then to the original Turing machine computation. However, the introduction of rand...

Graben, Peter beim

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

313

Dynamics of Gas-Fluidized Granular Rods  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We study a quasi-two-dimensional monolayer of granular rods fluidized by a spatially and temporally homogeneous upflow of air. By tracking the position and orientation of the particles, we characterize the dynamics of the system with sufficient resolution to observe ballistic motion at the shortest time scales. Particle anisotropy gives rise to dynamical anisotropy and superdiffusive dynamics parallel to the rod's long axis, causing the parallel and perpendicular mean squared displacements to become diffusive on different timescales. The distributions of free times and free paths between collisions deviate from exponential behavior, underscoring the non-thermal character of the particle motion. The dynamics show evidence of rotational-translational coupling similar to that of an anisotropic Brownian particle. We model rotational-translation coupling in the single-particle dynamics with a modified Langevin model using non-thermal noise sources. This suggests a phenomenological approach to thinking about collections of self-propelling particles in terms of enhanced memory effects.

L. J. Daniels; Y. Park; T. C. Lubensky; D. J. Durian

2008-11-17T23:59:59.000Z

314

INVESTIGATING THE RELIABILITY OF CORONAL EMISSION MEASURE DISTRIBUTION DIAGNOSTICS USING THREE-DIMENSIONAL RADIATIVE MAGNETOHYDRODYNAMIC SIMULATIONS  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Determining the temperature distribution of coronal plasmas can provide stringent constraints on coronal heating. Current observations with the Extreme ultraviolet Imaging Spectrograph (EIS) on board Hinode and the Atmospheric Imaging Assembly (AIA) on board the Solar Dynamics Observatory provide diagnostics of the emission measure distribution (EMD) of the coronal plasma. Here we test the reliability of temperature diagnostics using three-dimensional radiative MHD simulations. We produce synthetic observables from the models and apply the Monte Carlo Markov chain EMD diagnostic. By comparing the derived EMDs with the 'true' distributions from the model, we assess the limitations of the diagnostics as a function of the plasma parameters and the signal-to-noise ratio of the data. We find that EMDs derived from EIS synthetic data reproduce some general characteristics of the true distributions, but usually show differences from the true EMDs that are much larger than the estimated uncertainties suggest, especially when structures with significantly different density overlap along the line of sight. When using AIA synthetic data the derived EMDs reproduce the true EMDs much less accurately, especially for broad EMDs. The differences between the two instruments are due to the: (1) smaller number of constraints provided by AIA data and (2) broad temperature response function of the AIA channels which provide looser constraints to the temperature distribution. Our results suggest that EMDs derived from current observatories may often show significant discrepancies from the true EMDs, rendering their interpretation fraught with uncertainty. These inherent limitations to the method should be carefully considered when using these distributions to constrain coronal heating.

Testa, Paola [Smithsonian Astrophysical Observatory, 60 Garden Street, MS 58, Cambridge, MA 02138 (United States); De Pontieu, Bart; Martinez-Sykora, Juan [Lockheed Martin Solar and Astrophysics Laboratory, Org. A021S, Building 252, 3251 Hanover Street, Palo Alto, CA 94304 (United States); Hansteen, Viggo; Carlsson, Mats, E-mail: ptesta@cfa.harvard.edu [Institute of Theoretical Astrophysics, University of Oslo, P.O. Box 1029, Blindern, NO-0315 Oslo (Norway)

2012-10-10T23:59:59.000Z

315

Ionic Liquids: Radiation Chemistry, Solvation Dynamics and Reactivity Patterns  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Ionic liquids (ILs) are a rapidly expanding family of condensed-phase media with important applications in energy production, nuclear fuel and waste processing, improving the efficiency and safety of industrial chemical processes, and pollution prevention. ILs generally have low volatilities and are combustion-resistant, highly conductive, recyclable and capable of dissolving a wide variety of materials. They are finding new uses in chemical synthesis, catalysis, separations chemistry, electrochemistry and other areas. Ionic liquids have dramatically different properties compared to conventional molecular solvents, and they provide a new and unusual environment to test our theoretical understanding of primary radiation chemistry, charge transfer and other reactions. We are interested in how IL properties influence physical and dynamical processes that determine the stability and lifetimes of reactive intermediates and thereby affect the courses of reactions and product distributions. We study these issues by characterization of primary radiolysis products and measurements of their yields and reactivity, quantification of electron solvation dynamics and scavenging of electrons in different states of solvation. From this knowledge we wish to learn how to predict radiolytic mechanisms and control them or mitigate their effects on the properties of materials used in nuclear fuel processing, for example, and to apply IL radiation chemistry to answer questions about general chemical reactivity in ionic liquids that will aid in the development of applications listed above. Very early in our radiolysis studies it became evident that the slow solvation dynamics of the excess electron in ILs (which vary over a wide viscosity range) increase the importance of pre-solvated electron reactivity and consequently alter product distributions and subsequent chemistry. This difference from conventional solvents has profound effects on predicting and controlling radiolytic yields, which need to be quantified for the successful use under radiolytic conditions. Electron solvation dynamics in ILs are measured directly when possible and estimated using proxies (e.g. coumarin-153 dynamic emission Stokes shifts or benzophenone anion solvation) in other cases. Electron reactivity is measured using ultrafast kinetics techniques for comparison with the solvation process.

Wishart, J.F.

2011-06-12T23:59:59.000Z

316

Single trap dynamics in electrolyte-gated Si-nanowire field effect transistors  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Liquid-gated silicon nanowire (NW) field effect transistors (FETs) are fabricated and their transport and dynamic properties are investigated experimentally and theoretically. Random telegraph signal (RTS) fluctuations were registered in the nanolength channel FETs and used for the experimental and theoretical analysis of transport properties. The drain current and the carrier interaction processes with a single trap are analyzed using a quantum-mechanical evaluation of carrier distribution in the channel and also a classical evaluation. Both approaches are applied to treat the experimental data and to define an appropriate solution for describing the drain current behavior influenced by single trap resulting in RTS fluctuations in the Si NW FETs. It is shown that quantization and tunneling effects explain the behavior of the electron capture time on the single trap. Based on the experimental data, parameters of the single trap were determined. The trap is located at a distance of about 2?nm from the interface Si/SiO{sub 2} and has a repulsive character. The theory of dynamic processes in liquid-gated Si NW FET put forward here is in good agreement with experimental observations of transport in the structures and highlights the importance of quantization in carrier distribution for analyzing dynamic processes in the nanostructures.

Pud, S.; Li, J.; Offenhäusser, A.; Vitusevich, S. A., E-mail: s.vitusevich@fz-juelich.de [Peter Grünberg Institute (PGI-8), Forschungszentrum Jülich, 52425 Jülich (Germany); Gasparyan, F. [Peter Grünberg Institute (PGI-8), Forschungszentrum Jülich, 52425 Jülich (Germany); Department of Semiconductor Physics and Microelectronics, Yerevan State University, 1 Alex Manoogian St., 0025 Yerevan (Armenia); Petrychuk, M. [Radiophysics Faculty, T. Shevchenko National University of Kyiv, 60 Volodymyrska St., 01601 Kyiv (Ukraine)

2014-06-21T23:59:59.000Z

317

Combustion fume structure and dynamics. Period of performance, August 16, 1990--September 15, 1991  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The focus of this research program is on elucidating the fundamental processes that determine the particle size distribution, comparison, and agglomerate structures of coal ash fumes. The ultimate objective of this work is the development and validation of a model for the dynamics of combustion fumes, describing both the evolution of the particle size distribution and the particle morphology. The study employs model systems to address the fundamental questions and to provide rigorous validation of the models to be developed. This first phase of the project has been devoted to the development of a detailed experimental strategy that will allow agglomerates with a broad range of fractal dimensions to be studied in the laboratory.

Flagan, R.C.

1991-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

318

Combustion fume structure and dynamics. [Semiannual report], July 16, 1992--February 15, 1993  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The focus of this research program is on elucidating the fundamental processes that determine the particle size distribution, composition, and agglomerate structures of coal ash fumes. The ultimate objective of this work is the development and validation of a model for the dynamics of combustion fumes, describing both the evolution of the particle size distribution and the particle morphology. The study employs model systems to address the fundamental questions and to provide rigorous validation of the models to be developed. The major objectives of work during this reporting period were (i) to measure directly the rates of aggregation for particles of known mobilities and fractal dimensions, thereby infering the collision cross sections for the aggregates; and (ii) establishing procedures for quantitative measurement of the structural rearrangements that take place as aggregates sinter at high temperatures.

Flagan, R.C.

1992-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

319

Distribution of Correspondence  

Broader source: Directives, Delegations, and Requirements [Office of Management (MA)]

Defines correct procedures for distribution of correspondence to the Naval Reactors laboratories. Does not cancel another directive. Expired 8-30-97.

1996-08-30T23:59:59.000Z

320

Cooling water distribution system  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A passive containment cooling system for a nuclear reactor containment vessel. Disclosed is a cooling water distribution system for introducing cooling water by gravity uniformly over the outer surface of a steel containment vessel using an interconnected series of radial guide elements, a plurality of circumferential collector elements and collector boxes to collect and feed the cooling water into distribution channels extending along the curved surface of the steel containment vessel. The cooling water is uniformly distributed over the curved surface by a plurality of weirs in the distribution channels.

Orr, Richard (Pittsburgh, PA)

1994-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "determination distributed dynamic" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


321

ASYMMETRIC ELECTRON DISTRIBUTIONS IN THE SOLAR WIND  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A plausible mechanism responsible for producing asymmetric electron velocity distribution functions in the solar wind is investigated by means of one-dimensional electrostatic particle-in-cell (PIC) simulation. A recent paper suggests that the variation in the ion-to-electron temperature ratio influences the nonlinear wave-particle dynamics such that it results in the formation of asymmetric distributions. The present PIC code simulation largely confirms this finding, but quantitative differences between the weak turbulence formalism and the present PIC simulation are also found, suggesting the limitation of the analytical method. The inter-relationship between the asymmetric electron distribution and the ion-to-electron temperature ratio may be a new useful concept for the observation.

Rha, Kicheol; Ryu, Chang-Mo [Department of Physics, Pohang University of Science and Technology, Pohang 790-784 (Korea, Republic of)] [Department of Physics, Pohang University of Science and Technology, Pohang 790-784 (Korea, Republic of); Yoon, Peter H. [Institute for Physical Science and Technology, University of Maryland, College Park, MD 20742 (United States)] [Institute for Physical Science and Technology, University of Maryland, College Park, MD 20742 (United States)

2013-09-20T23:59:59.000Z

322

DYNAMICAL PROPERTIES OF Ni 2 MnGa DETERMINED FROM  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, Germany b Physics Department, Chelyabinsk State University, 454021 Chelyabinsk, Russia (Phase Transitions

Entel, P.

323

Determination of the dynamic modulus of elasticity in epon 828  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

OF VRC OAR RCSAIN PARAILCL SHCN OCPORNAV ION OOOMROT TRON TNK LONA I Tue INAL d loPLAO cscevF Y(xgv)g 'RILL ~ AT IOFY TNc sar'c Ceua 'f I ON y (x, r) e a Y??(x, r) (Qc w c ow r, po) (0) S s N ce c ra c du o o d R I P v o I If e I d A v c P A R 'I I A...

Swinson, Weldon Frank

1960-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

324

1 Smart Distribution: Coupled Microgrids  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Abstract-- The distribution system provides major opportunities for smart grid concepts. One way to approach distribution system problems is to rethinking our distribution system to include the integration of high levels of distributed energy resources, using microgrid concepts. Basic objectives

R. H. Lasseter

325

Parametric probability distributions in reliability  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Parametric probability distributions in reliability F.P.A. Coolen Department of Mathematical parametric probability distributions which are frequently used in reliability. We present some main as models for specific reliability scenarios. Keywords: Binomial distribution, Exponential distribution

Coolen, Frank

326

Nonlinear Fluid Dynamics from Gravity  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Black branes in AdS5 appear in a four parameter family labeled by their velocity and temperature. Promoting these parameters to Goldstone modes or collective coordinate fields -- arbitrary functions of the coordinates on the boundary of AdS5 -- we use Einstein's equations together with regularity requirements and boundary conditions to determine their dynamics. The resultant equations turn out to be those of boundary fluid dynamics, with specific values for fluid parameters. Our analysis is perturbative in the boundary derivative expansion but is valid for arbitrary amplitudes. Our work may be regarded as a derivation of the nonlinear equations of boundary fluid dynamics from gravity. As a concrete application we find an explicit expression for the expansion of this fluid stress tensor including terms up to second order in the derivative expansion.

Sayantani Bhattacharyya; Veronika E Hubeny; Shiraz Minwalla; Mukund Rangamani

2008-04-02T23:59:59.000Z

327

The Writhe Distribution Of Stretched Polymers  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Motivated by experiments in which single DNA molecules are stretched and twisted we consider a perturbative approach around very high forces, where we determine the writhe distribution in a simple, analytically tractable model. Our results are in agreement with recent simulations and experiments.

Supurna Sinha

2004-07-05T23:59:59.000Z

328

Dynamic Multimedia Content Retrieval System in Distributed Environment  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

WiCoM enables remote management of web resources. Our application Mobile reporter is aimed at Journalist, who will be able to capture the events in real-time using their mobile phones and update their web server on the latest event. WiCoM has been developed using J2ME technology on the client side and PHP on the server side. The communication between the client and the server is established through GPRS. Mobile reporter will be able to upload, edit and remove both textual as well as multimedia contents in the server.

Sivaraman, R; Sujatha, S

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

329

Secure, Reliable and Dynamic Access to Distributed Clinical Data  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

or settles, as to compose differing opinions, or reconciles, as reconciles contending factions. 15. COMPUTES

Glasgow, University of

330

Exploiting Process Lifetime Distributions for Dynamic Load Balancing  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

grant number CCR­9201092. Allen Downey partially supported by NSF (DARA) grant DMW­8919074. An earlier

Harchol-Balter, Mor

331

Exploiting Process Lifetime Distributions for Dynamic Load Balancing  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

supported by NSF (DARA) grant DMW-8919074. An earlier version of this article appeared in the Proceedings

Papadopouli, Maria

332

Dynamic File Bundling for Large-scale Content Distribution  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

enable the formation of self-sustaining torrents, where the entire content of the file is available among enable the formation of self-sustaining torrents, where the entire content of the file is available among in the long tail, for which the request rates are not sufficient for the corresponding torrents to be self-sustaining

Saskatchewan, University of

333

Increasing Connection Lifetimes through Dynamic Distribution of Budgeted Power  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

usage. In their earlier work [2], [3] the authors proposed addressing these concerns by normalizing as the time interval for which the network is a connected graph. Broadly speaking, the network may partition energy supply sufficiently so that some of its incident links fail. Most prior research on network

Khan, Bilal

334

Stress distributions around hydrofoils using computational fluid dynamics  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This research describes the reciprocal influence between two foils, vertically and horizontally oriented, on each other for different gaps between them. Those cases are the focus part of a bigger process of lowering ...

Aharon, Ofer, S. M. Massachusetts Institute of Technology

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

335

Dynamic equivalencing of distribution network with embedded generation   

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Renewable energy generation will play an important role in solving the climate change problem. With renewable electricity generation increasing, there will be some significant changes in electric power systems, ...

Feng, Xiaodan Selina

2012-06-25T23:59:59.000Z

336

Structure, Charge Distribution, and Electron Hopping Dynamics in Magnetite  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr MayAtmosphericNuclear Security Administrationcontroller systemsBiSiteNeutronStrategicOurStructureSurvivorBacterial(Fe3O4) (100)

337

Structure and Dynamics of Nanocrystals Using Atomic Pair Distribution  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May JunDatastreamsmmcrcalgovInstrumentsrucLas ConchasPassiveSubmittedStatus TomAbout » Staff125,849| OSTI, USStructure IlluminatesFunction

338

Wind field estimation for autonomous dynamic soaring Jack W. Langelaan  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Wind field estimation for autonomous dynamic soaring Jack W. Langelaan Aerospace Engineering, Penn for distributed parameter estimation of a previously unknown wind field is described. The application is dynamic parameterization of the wind field is used, allowing implementation of a linear Kalman filter for parameter

Spletzer, John R.

339

Fractal and Chaotic Dynamics in Nervous Systems Chris C. King  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Fractal and Chaotic Dynamics in Nervous Systems Chris C. King Department of Mathematics & Statistics, University of Auckland. Abstract : This paper presents a review of fractal and chaotic dynamics distributed processing models and their relation to chaos and overviews reasons why chaotic and fractal

King, Chris

340

Dynamics of Block Copolymer Nanocomposites  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A detailed study of the dynamics of cadmium sulfide nanoparticles suspended in polystyrene homopolymer matrices was carried out using X-ray photon correlation spectroscopy for temperatures between 120 and 180 °C. For low molecular weight polystyrene homopolymers, the observed dynamics show a crossover from diffusive to hyper-diffusive behavior with decreasing temperatures. For higher molecular weight polystyrene, the nanoparticle dynamics appear hyper-diffusive at all temperatures studied. The relaxation time and characteristic velocity determined from the measured hyper-diffusive dynamics reveal that the activation energy and underlying forces determined are on the order of 2.14 × 10?19 J and 87 pN, respectively. We also carried out a detailed X-ray scattering study of the static and dynamic behavior of a styrene– isoprene diblock copolymer melt with a styrene volume fraction of 0.3468. At 115 and 120 °C, we observe splitting of the principal Bragg peak, which we attribute to phase coexistence of hexagonal cylindrical and cubic double- gyroid structure. In the disordered phase, above 130 °C, we have characterized the dynamics of composition fluctuations via X-ray photon correlation spectroscopy. Near the peak of the static structure factor, these fluctuations show stretched-exponential relaxations, characterized by a stretching exponent of about 0.36 for a range of temperatures immediately above the MST. The corresponding characteristic relaxation times vary exponentially with temperature, changing by a factor of 2 for each 2 °C change in temperature. At low wavevectors, the measured relaxations are diffusive with relaxation times that change by a factor of 2 for each 8 °C change in temperature.

Mochrie, Simon G. J.

2014-09-09T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "determination distributed dynamic" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


341

Software distribution using xnetlib  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Xnetlib is a new tool for software distribution. Whereas its predecessor netlib uses e-mail as the user interface to its large collection of public-domain mathematical software, xnetlib uses an X Window interface and socket-based communication. Xnetlib makes it easy to search through a large distributed collection of software and to retrieve requested software in seconds.

Dongarra, J.J. [Univ. of Tennessee, Knoxville, TN (US). Dept. of Computer Science]|[Oak Ridge National Lab., TN (US); Rowan, T.H. [Oak Ridge National Lab., TN (US); Wade, R.C. [Univ. of Tennessee, Knoxville, TN (US). Dept. of Computer Science

1993-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

342

Cybersecurity Dynamics Shouhuai Xu  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Cybersecurity Dynamics Shouhuai Xu Department of Computer Science, University of Texas at San Antonio ABSTRACT We explore the emerging field of Cybersecurity Dynamics, a candidate foundation for the Science of Cybersecurity. Keywords Cybersecurity dynamics, security model, security analysis 1

Xu, Shouhuai

343

Conservation Laws and Lumped System Dynamics  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Conservation Laws and Lumped System Dynamics A.J. van der Schaft, B.M. Maschke 1 Introduction which is directly based on conservation laws. Modeling based on conservation laws is prevalent for electrical circuits is the circuit graph we will show in this paper how distributed-parameter conservation

Schaft, Arjan van der

344

Chaotic dynamics in quark-gluon cascade  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A map to the quark-gluon cascade on the basis of nonlinearity in the quark and gluon distributions in hadrons is proposed. Calculations of the quarks trajectories have shown the presence of the chaotic dynamics as a consequence of bifurcations.

A. T. Temiraliev

2011-06-23T23:59:59.000Z

345

The dynamics of fragment formation  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We demonstrate that in the Quantum Molecular Dynamics model, dynamical correlations can result in the production rate for final state nucleon clusters (and hence composite fragments) being higher than would be expected if statistics and the available phase space were dominant in determining composite formation. An intranuclear cascade or a Boltzmann-Uehling-Uhlenbeck model, combined with a statistical approach in the late stage of the collision to determine composites, provides an equivalent description only under limited conditions of centrality and beam energy. We use data on participant fragment production in Au + Au collisions in the Bevalac`s BOS time projection chamber to map out the parameter space where statistical clustering provides a good description. In particular, we investigate momentum-space densities of fragments up to {sup 4}He as a function of fragment transverse momentum, azimuth relative to the reaction plane, rapidity, multiplicity and beam energy.

Keane, D. [Kent State Univ., OH (United States); EOS Collaboration

1994-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

346

Dynamic response of guyed towers  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

guyed towers. A parametric study was conducted using eigen analysis to determine the effects of consistent mass, geometric stiffness and P-Delta gravity loads. Time domain solutions were obtained by direct integration for motion due to regular Stokes... guyed tower 2 References to guyed tower dynamic analysis 4 Effect of mass formulation on tower natural periods. 5 P-Delta effect on fundamental period. 6 Effect of axial compression on the 1st & 2nd mode. 7 Geometric stiffness effect on natural...

Gillcrist, Mark Christopher

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

347

Studies of switching field and thermal energy barrier distributions in a FePt nanoparticle system  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Studies of switching field and thermal energy barrier distributions in a FePt nanoparticle system X dependence of the thermal stability factor, the width of the thermal energy barrier distribution- ropy energy distribution and the interaction and the thermal energy barrier distribution determined

Laughlin, David E.

348

Protein Dynamics and Biocatalysis  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Protein Dynamics and Biocatalysis Protein Dynamics and Biocatalysis 1998 Annual Report Grand Challenge Projects biocatalysis.gif A model of the Michaelis complex for the TEM-1...

349

Towards a General Theory of Extremes for Observables of Chaotic Dynamical Systems Valerio Lucarini,  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Towards a General Theory of Extremes for Observables of Chaotic Dynamical Systems Valerio Lucarini the geometrical properties of a chaotic dynamical system and the distribution of extreme values. We show that the extremes of so-called physical observables are distributed according to the classical generalised Pareto

350

Fractal Location and Anomalous Diffusion Dynamics for Oil Wells from the KY Geological Survey  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Utilizing data available from the Kentucky Geonet (KYGeonet.ky.gov) the fossil fuel mining locations created by the Kentucky Geological Survey geo-locating oil and gas wells are mapped using ESRI ArcGIS in Kentucky single plain 1602 ft projection. This data was then exported into a spreadsheet showing latitude and longitude for each point to be used for modeling at different scales to determine the fractal dimension of the set. Following the porosity and diffusivity studies of Tarafdar and Roy1 we extract fractal dimensions of the fossil fuel mining locations and search for evidence of scaling laws for the set of deposits. The Levy index is used to determine a match to a statistical mechanically motivated generalized probability function for the wells. This probability distribution corresponds to a solution of a dynamical anomalous diffusion equation of fractional order that describes the Levy paths which can be solved in the diffusion limit by the Fox H function ansatz.

Andrew, Keith; Andrew, Kevin A

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

351

Determination of Electric-Field, Magnetic-Field, and Electric...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Electric-Field, Magnetic-Field, and Electric-Current Distributions of Infrared Optical Antennas: A Near-Field Determination of Electric-Field, Magnetic-Field, and Electric-Current...

352

Plasma-Density Determination from X-Ray Radiography of Laser-Driven Spherical Implosions  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The fuel layer density of an imploding laser-driven spherical shell is inferred from framed x-ray radiographs. The density distribution is determined by using Abel inversion to compute the radial distribution of the opacity ...

Frenje, Johan A.

353

Bifurcations of nonlinear ion acoustic travelling waves in the frame of a Zakharov-Kuznetsov equation in magnetized plasma with a kappa distributed electron  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Bifurcations of nonlinear propagation of ion acoustic waves (IAWs) in a magnetized plasma whose constituents are cold ions and kappa distributed electron are investigated using a two component plasma model. The standard reductive perturbation technique is used to derive the Zakharov-Kuznetsov (ZK) equation for IAWs. By using the bifurcation theory of planar dynamical systems to this ZK equation, the existence of solitary wave solutions and periodic travelling wave solutions is established. All exact explicit solutions of these travelling waves are determined. The results may have relevance in dense space plasmas.

Kumar Samanta, Utpal [Department of Mathematics, Bankura Christian College, Bankura 722101 (India) [Department of Mathematics, Bankura Christian College, Bankura 722101 (India); Department of Mathematics, Visva Bharati University, Santinekatan 731235 (India); Saha, Asit [Department of Mathematics, Sikkim Manipal Institute of Technology, Majitar, Rangpo, East-Sikkim 737136 (India)] [Department of Mathematics, Sikkim Manipal Institute of Technology, Majitar, Rangpo, East-Sikkim 737136 (India); Chatterjee, Prasanta [Department of Mathematics, Visva Bharati University, Santinekatan 731235 (India)] [Department of Mathematics, Visva Bharati University, Santinekatan 731235 (India)

2013-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

354

Evaluation of the application uniformity of subsurface drip distribution systems  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The goal of this research was to evaluate the application uniformity of subsurface drip distribution systems and the recovery of emitter flow rates. Emission volume in the field, and laboratory measured flow rates were determined for emitters from...

Weynand, Vance Leo

2004-09-30T23:59:59.000Z

355

Mechanical Network in Titin Immunoglobulin from Force Distribution Analysis  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Mechanical Network in Titin Immunoglobulin from Force Distribution Analysis Wolfram Stacklies1. , M, Stuttgart, Germany Abstract The role of mechanical force in cellular processes is increasingly revealed force propagates within proteins determines their mechanical behavior yet remains largely unknown. We

Gräter, Frauke

356

Fractal Fluctuations and Statistical Normal Distribution  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Dynamical systems in nature exhibit selfsimilar fractal fluctuations and the corresponding power spectra follow inverse power law form signifying long-range space-time correlations identified as self-organized criticality. The physics of self-organized criticality is not yet identified. The Gaussian probability distribution used widely for analysis and description of large data sets underestimates the probabilities of occurrence of extreme events such as stock market crashes, earthquakes, heavy rainfall, etc. The assumptions underlying the normal distribution such as fixed mean and standard deviation, independence of data, are not valid for real world fractal data sets exhibiting a scale-free power law distribution with fat tails. A general systems theory for fractals visualizes the emergence of successively larger scale fluctuations to result from the space-time integration of enclosed smaller scale fluctuations. The model predicts a universal inverse power law incorporating the golden mean for fractal fluctuations and for the corresponding power spectra, i.e., the variance spectrum represents the probabilities, a signature of quantum systems. Fractal fluctuations therefore exhibit quantum-like chaos. The model predicted inverse power law is very close to the Gaussian distribution for small-scale fluctuations, but exhibits a fat long tail for large-scale fluctuations. Extensive data sets of Dow Jones index, Human DNA, Takifugu rubripes (Puffer fish) DNA are analysed to show that the space/time data sets are close to the model predicted power law distribution.

A. M. Selvam

2008-05-22T23:59:59.000Z

357

High-Performance Computation of Distributed-Memory Parallel 3D Voronoi and Delaunay Tessellation  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Computing a Voronoi or Delaunay tessellation from a set of points is a core part of the analysis of many simulated and measured datasets: N-body simulations, molecular dynamics codes, and LIDAR point clouds are just a few examples. Such computational geometry methods are common in data analysis and visualization; but as the scale of simulations and observations surpasses billions of particles, the existing serial and shared-memory algorithms no longer suffice. A distributed-memory scalable parallel algorithm is the only feasible approach. The primary contribution of this paper is a new parallel Delaunay and Voronoi tessellation algorithm that automatically determines which neighbor points need to be exchanged among the subdomains of a spatial decomposition. Other contributions include periodic and wall boundary conditions, comparison of our method using two popular serial libraries, and application to numerous science datasets.

Peterka, Tom; Morozov, Dmitriy; Phillips, Carolyn

2014-11-14T23:59:59.000Z

358

The structure of tame minimal dynamical systems  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A dynamical version of the Bourgain-Fremlin-Talagrand dichotomy shows that the enveloping semigroup of a dynamical system is either very large and contains a topological copy of $\\beta \\N$, or it is a "tame" topological space whose topology is determined by the convergence of sequences. In the latter case the dynamical system is called tame. We use the structure theory of minimal dynamical systems to show that, when the acting group is Abelian, a tame metric minimal dynamical system (i) is almost automorphic (i.e. it is an almost 1-1 extension of an equicontinuous system), and (ii) admits a unique invariant probability measure such that the corresponding measure preserving system is measure theoretically isomorphic to the Haar measure system on the maximal equicontinuous factor.

Eli Glasner

2006-09-18T23:59:59.000Z

359

DISTRIBUTED BEST PRACTICES  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

POLICY APPROACHES TO SUPPORT DISTRIBUTED RENEWABLE ENERGY: BEST PRACTICES AMONG U.S. STATES FINAL REPORT A Renewable Energy Applications for Delaware Yearly (READY) Project Center for Energy, state, federal and international agencies and nonprofit organizations. The Center is composed

Delaware, University of

360

Efficient distributed quantum computing  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We provide algorithms for efficiently moving and addressing quantum memory in parallel. These imply that the standard circuit model can be simulated with a low overhead by a more realistic model of a distributed quantum ...

Beals, Robert

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "determination distributed dynamic" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


361

Extractions of polarized and unpolarized parton distribution functions  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

An overview of our ongoing extractions of parton distribution functions of the nucleon is given. First JAM results on the determination of spin-dependent parton distribution functions from world data on polarized deep-inelastic scattering are presented first, and followed by a short report on the status of the JR unpolarized parton distributions. Different aspects of PDF analysis are briefly discussed, including effects of the nuclear structure of targets, target-mass corrections and higher twist contributions to the structure functions.

Jimenez-Delgado, Pedro [JLAB, Newport News, VA (United States)

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

362

Quantum dense key distribution  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This paper proposes a protocol for quantum dense key distribution. This protocol embeds the benefits of a quantum dense coding and a quantum key distribution and is able to generate shared secret keys four times more efficiently than the Bennet-Brassard 1984 protocol. We hereinafter prove the security of this scheme against individual eavesdropping attacks, and we present preliminary experimental results, showing its feasibility.

Degiovanni, I.P.; Ruo Berchera, I.; Castelletto, S.; Rastello, M.L.; Bovino, F.A.; Colla, A.M.; Castagnoli, G. [Istituto Elettrotecnico Nazionale G. Ferraris, Strada delle Cacce 91, 10135 Torino (Italy); ELSAG SpA, Via Puccini 2, 16154, Genova (Italy)

2004-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

363

Equilibrium Distributions and Superconductivity  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In this article two models for charges distributions are discussed. On the basis of our consideration we put different points of view for stationary state. We prove that only finite energy model for charges' distribution and well-known variation principle explain some well-known experimental results. A new model for superconductivity was suggested, too. In frame of that model some characteristic experimental results for superconductors is possible to explain.

Ashot Vagharshakyan

2011-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

364

Extensions and evaluations of a general quantitative theory of forest structure and dynamics  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Extensions and evaluations of a general quantitative theory of forest structure and dynamics Brian of a quantitative theory for the structure and dynamics of forests under demographic and resource steady state distribution competitive thinning Understanding the key forces that shape the structure, function, and dynamics

Saleska, Scott

365

Sedimentation of algae: relationships with biomass and size distribution1  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Sedimentation of algae: relationships with biomass and size distribution1 Isabelle Larocque, A distribution of epilimnetic algae on patterns of algal sedimentation was determined in lake enclosures under the mean length of algae in fish-free enclosures and reduced the mean length in the enclosures to which

Mazumder, Asit

366

A Groundwater Dynamic Simulation Model: Application to the Upper San Pedro Basin  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A Groundwater Dynamic Simulation Model: Application to the Upper San Pedro Basin Report Prepared by using tools such as tracers to determine groundwater travel times and this dynamic simulation modeling

Fay, Noah

367

Accelerating cycle expansions by dynamical conjugacy  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Periodic orbit theory provides two important functions---the dynamical zeta function and the spectral determinant for the calculation of dynamical averages in a nonlinear system. Their cycle expansions converge rapidly when the system is uniformly hyperbolic but greatly slowed down in the presence of non-hyperbolicity. We find that the slow convergence can be associated with singularities in the natural measure. A properly designed coordinate transformation may remove these singularities and results in a dynamically conjugate system where fast convergence is restored. The technique is successfully demonstrated on several examples of one-dimensional maps and some remaining challenges are discussed.

Ang Gao; Jianbo Xie; Yueheng Lan

2011-06-06T23:59:59.000Z

368

On the Dynamics of Inclined Neptune's Trojans  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The dynamics of artificial asteroids on the Trojan-like orbits around Neptune is investigated in this paper. We describe the dependence of the orbital stability on the initial semimajor axis a and inclination i by constructing a dynamical map on the (a,i)-plane. Rich details are revealed in the dynamical map, especially a unstable gap at i=45 deg is determined and the mechanism triggering chaos in this region is figured out. Our investigation can be used to guide the observations.

Li-Yong Zhou; Rudolf Dvorak; Yi-Sui Sun

2008-11-17T23:59:59.000Z

369

The Magellanic Stream in Modified Newtonian Dynamics  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The dynamics of the Magellanic Stream (MS) as a series of clouds extending from the Magellanic Clouds (MCs) to the south Galactic pole is affected by the distribution and the amount of matter in the Milky Way. We calculate the gravitational effect of the Galactic disk on the MS in the framework of modified Newtonian dynamics(MOND) and compare with observations of the Stream's radial velocity. We consider the tidal force of the Galaxy, which strips material from the MCs to form the MS, and, using a no-halo model of the Galaxy, we ignore the effect of the drag of the Galactic halo on the MS. We also compare the MONDian dynamics with that in logarithmic and power-law dark halo models and show that the MOND theory seems plausible for describing the dynamics of satellite galaxies such as the MCs. Finally, we perform a maximum likelihood analysis to obtain the best MOND parameters for the Galactic disk.

Hossein Haghi; Sohrab Rahvar; Akram Hasani-Zonooz

2007-01-09T23:59:59.000Z

370

Accelerated molecular dynamics methods  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The molecular dynamics method, although extremely powerful for materials simulations, is limited to times scales of roughly one microsecond or less. On longer time scales, dynamical evolution typically consists of infrequent events, which are usually activated processes. This course is focused on understanding infrequent-event dynamics, on methods for characterizing infrequent-event mechanisms and rate constants, and on methods for simulating long time scales in infrequent-event systems, emphasizing the recently developed accelerated molecular dynamics methods (hyperdynamics, parallel replica dynamics, and temperature accelerated dynamics). Some familiarity with basic statistical mechanics and molecular dynamics methods will be assumed.

Perez, Danny [Los Alamos National Laboratory

2011-01-04T23:59:59.000Z

371

Dynamic load Variation and Stability Analysis in Distribution Networks with Distributed Generators  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

energy sources (small hydro, modern biomass, wind, solar, geothermal, and bio fuels). The annual growth

Pota, Himanshu Roy

372

Deformation-induced accelerated dynamics in polymer glasses  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Molecular dynamics simulations are used to investigate the effects of deformation on the segmental dynamics in an aging polymer glass. Individual particle trajectories are decomposed into a series of discontinuous hops, from which we obtain the full distribution of relaxation times and displacements under three deformation protocols: step stress (creep), step strain, and constant strain rate deformation. As in experiments, the dynamics can be accelerated by several orders of magnitude during deformation, and the history dependence is entirely erased during yield (mechanical rejuvenation). Aging can be explained as a result of the long tails in the relaxation time distribution of the glass, and similarly, mechanical rejuvenation is understood through the observed narrowing of this distribution during yield. Although the relaxation time distributions under deformation are highly protocol specific, in each case they may be described by a universal acceleration factor that depends only on the strain.

Mya Warren; Joerg Rottler

2010-08-16T23:59:59.000Z

373

Parton distributions for the LHC Run II  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We present NNPDF3.0, the first set of parton distribution functions (PDFs) determined with a methodology validated by a closure test. NNPDF3.0 uses a global dataset including HERA-II deep-inelastic inclusive cross-sections, the combined HERA charm data, jet production from ATLAS and CMS, vector boson rapidity and transverse momentum distributions from ATLAS, CMS and LHCb, W+c data from CMS and top quark pair production total cross sections from ATLAS and CMS. Results are based on LO, NLO and NNLO QCD theory and also include electroweak corrections. To validate our methodology, we show that PDFs determined from pseudo-data generated from a known underlying law correctly reproduce the statistical distributions expected on the basis of the assumed experimental uncertainties. This closure test ensures that our methodological uncertainties are negligible in comparison to the generic theoretical and experimental uncertainties of PDF determination. This enables us to determine with confidence PDFs at different perturbative orders and using a variety of experimental datasets ranging from HERA-only up to a global set including the latest LHC results, all using precisely the same validated methodology. We explore some of the phenomenological implications of our results for the upcoming 13 TeV Run of the LHC, in particular for Higgs production cross-sections.

The NNPDF Collaboration; Richard D. Ball; Valerio Bertone; Stefano Carrazza; Christopher S. Deans; Luigi Del Debbio; Stefano Forte; Alberto Guffanti; Nathan P. Hartland; Jose I. Latorre; Juan Rojo; Maria Ubiali

2014-11-06T23:59:59.000Z

374

Rotary seal with improved film distribution  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

The present invention is a generally circular rotary seal that establishes sealing between relatively rotatable machine components for lubricant retention and environmental exclusion, and incorporates seal geometry that interacts with the lubricant during relative rotation to distribute a lubricant film within the dynamic sealing interface. The features of a variable inlet size, a variable dynamic lip flank slope, and a reduction in the magnitude and circumferentially oriented portion of the lubricant side interfacial contact pressure zone at the narrowest part of the lip, individually or in combination thereof, serve to maximize interfacial lubrication in severe operating conditions, and also serve to minimize lubricant shear area, seal torque, seal volume, and wear, while ensuring retrofitability into the seal grooves of existing equipment.

Dietle, Lannie Laroy; Schroeder, John Erick

2013-10-08T23:59:59.000Z

375

Reconfiguration of a Distributed Information Fusion System Eric Benoit, Marc-Philippe Huget,  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

is used for only one computation of the outputs, while a param- eter is a sustained value, used for each is to define a runtime framework for Dynamic Distributed Information Fu- sion System (DDIFS). This framework

Boyer, Edmond

376

Modeling and responding to pandemic influenza : importance of population distributional attributes and non-pharmaceutical interventions  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

After reviewing prevalent approaches to the modeling pandemic influenza transmission, we present a simple distributional model that captures the most significant population attributes that alter the dynamics of the outbreak. ...

Nigmatulina, Karima Robert

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

377

Distributional Implications of Alternative U.S. Greenhouse Gas Control Measures  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We analyze the distributional and efficiency impacts of different allowance allocation schemes motivated by recently proposed U.S. climate legislation for a national cap and trade system using a new dynamic computable ...

Paltsev, Sergey

378

Distributional Implications of Alternative U.S. Greenhouse Gas Control Measures  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We analyze the distributional and efficiency impacts of different allowance allocation schemes for a national cap and trade system using the USREP model, a new recursive dynamic computable general equilibrium model of the ...

Rausch, Sebastian

379

EMPOWERING DIGITAL SELF DETERMINATION  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

: Communication and Digital Media 2. Data Context and Digital Personas 3. Personal Data: Use, ReuseEMPOWERING DIGITAL SELF DETERMINATION Symposium Summary Stanford University, Summer 2012 #12;#12;EMPOWERING DIGITAL SELF DETERMINATION Symposium, Stanford University, CA Summer, 2012 210 Panama Street

Das, Rhiju

380

Permit Allocation in Emissions Trading using the Boltzmann Distribution  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In emissions trading, the initial permit allocation is an intractable issue because it needs to be essentially fair to the participating countries. There are many ways to distribute a given total amount of emissions permits among countries, but the existing distribution methods such as auctioning and grandfathering have been debated. Here we describe a new model for permit allocation in emissions trading using the Boltzmann distribution. The Boltzmann distribution is introduced to permit allocation by combining it with concepts in emissions trading. A price determination mechanism for emission permits is then developed in relation to the {\\beta} value in the Boltzmann distribution. Finally, it is demonstrated how emissions permits can be practically allocated among participating countries in empirical results. The new allocation model using the Boltzmann distribution describes a most probable, natural, and unbiased distribution of emissions permits among multiple countries. Based on its simplicity and versati...

Park, Ji-Won; Isard, Walter

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "determination distributed dynamic" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


381

LIMITED POWER BURSTS IN DISTRIBUTED MODELS OF NUCLEAR REACTORS  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

LIMITED POWER BURSTS IN DISTRIBUTED MODELS OF NUCLEAR REACTORS M. V. Bazhenov and E. F. Sabaev UDC employed for analyzing reactor dynamics. Equations of this type are used for analyzing the stability of the reactor power, etc. Among these problems the question of the boundedness of reactor power bursts

Bazhenov, Maxim

382

Phytoplankton blooms and fish recruitment rate: Effects of spatial distribution  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Phytoplankton blooms and fish recruitment rate: Effects of spatial distribution V. N. Biktashev a consider the spatio-temporal dynamics of a spatially-structured generalisa- tion of the phytoplankton-zooplankton-fish. In particular, we study the dependence of the fish recruitment on carrying capacities of the plankton subsystem

Biktashev, Vadim N.

383

Dynamic defense workshop : from research to practice.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

On September 5th and 6th, 2012, the Dynamic Defense Workshop: From Research to Practice brought together researchers from academia, industry, and Sandia with the goals of increasing collaboration between Sandia National Laboratories and external organizations, de ning and un- derstanding dynamic, or moving target, defense concepts and directions, and gaining a greater understanding of the state of the art for dynamic defense. Through the workshop, we broadened and re ned our de nition and understanding, identi ed new approaches to inherent challenges, and de ned principles of dynamic defense. Half of the workshop was devoted to presentations of current state-of-the-art work. Presentation topics included areas such as the failure of current defenses, threats, techniques, goals of dynamic defense, theory, foundations of dynamic defense, future directions and open research questions related to dynamic defense. The remainder of the workshop was discussion, which was broken down into sessions on de ning challenges, applications to host or mobile environments, applications to enterprise network environments, exploring research and operational taxonomies, and determining how to apply scienti c rigor to and investigating the eld of dynamic defense.

Crosby, Sean Michael; Doak, Justin E.; Haas, Jason J.; Helinski, Ryan; Lamb, Christopher C.

2013-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

384

Dynamics of neural cryptography  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Synchronization of neural networks has been used for public channel protocols in cryptography. In the case of tree parity machines the dynamics of both bidirectional synchronization and unidirectional learning is driven by attractive and repulsive stochastic forces. Thus it can be described well by a random walk model for the overlap between participating neural networks. For that purpose transition probabilities and scaling laws for the step sizes are derived analytically. Both these calculations as well as numerical simulations show that bidirectional interaction leads to full synchronization on average. In contrast, successful learning is only possible by means of fluctuations. Consequently, synchronization is much faster than learning, which is essential for the security of the neural key-exchange protocol. However, this qualitative difference between bidirectional and unidirectional interaction vanishes if tree parity machines with more than three hidden units are used, so that those neural networks are not suitable for neural cryptography. In addition, the effective number of keys which can be generated by the neural key-exchange protocol is calculated using the entropy of the weight distribution. As this quantity increases exponentially with the system size, brute-force attacks on neural cryptography can easily be made unfeasible.

Ruttor, Andreas; Kinzel, Wolfgang; Kanter, Ido [Institut fuer Theoretische Physik, Universitaet Wuerzburg, Am Hubland, 97074 Wuerzburg (Germany); Minerva Center and Department of Physics, Bar Ilan University, Ramat Gan 52900 (Israel)

2007-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

385

Dynamical 3-Space: Emergent Gravity  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The laws of gravitation devised by Newton, and by Hilbert and Einstein, have failed many experimental and observational tests, namely the bore hole g anomaly, flat rotation curves for spiral galaxies, supermassive black hole mass spectrum, uniformly expanding universe, cosmic filaments, laboratory G measurements, galactic EM bending, precocious galaxy formation,.. The response has been the introduction of the new epicycles: ``dark matter", ``dark energy", and others. To understand gravity we must restart with the experimental discoveries by Galileo, and following a heuristic argument we are led to a uniquely determined theory of a dynamical 3-space. That 3-space exists has been missed from the beginning of physics, although it was 1st directly detected by Michelson and Morley in 1887. Uniquely generalising the quantum theory to include this dynamical 3-space we deduce the response of quantum matter and show that it results in a new account of gravity, and explains the above anomalies and others. The dynamical theory for this 3-space involves G, which determines the dissipation rate of space by matter, and alpha, which experiments and observation reveal to be the fine structure constant. For the 1st time we have a comprehensive account of space and matter and their interaction - gravity.

Reginald T Cahill

2011-02-16T23:59:59.000Z

386

Distributed data transmitter  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A distributed data transmitter (DTXR) which is an adaptive data communication microwave transmitter having a distributable architecture of modular components, and which incorporates both digital and microwave technology to provide substantial improvements in physical and operational flexibility. The DTXR has application in, for example, remote data acquisition involving the transmission of telemetry data across a wireless link, wherein the DTXR is integrated into and utilizes available space within a system (e.g., a flight vehicle). In a preferred embodiment, the DTXR broadly comprises a plurality of input interfaces; a data modulator; a power amplifier; and a power converter, all of which are modularly separate and distinct so as to be substantially independently physically distributable and positionable throughout the system wherever sufficient space is available.

Brown, Kenneth Dewayne (Grain Valley, MO); Dunson, David (Kansas City, MO)

2008-06-03T23:59:59.000Z

387

Distributed data transmitter  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A distributed data transmitter (DTXR) which is an adaptive data communication microwave transmitter having a distributable architecture of modular components, and which incorporates both digital and microwave technology to provide substantial improvements in physical and operational flexibility. The DTXR has application in, for example, remote data acquisition involving the transmission of telemetry data across a wireless link, wherein the DTXR is integrated into and utilizes available space within a system (e.g., a flight vehicle). In a preferred embodiment, the DTXR broadly comprises a plurality of input interfaces; a data modulator; a power amplifier; and a power converter, all of which are modularly separate and distinct so as to be substantially independently physically distributable and positionable throughout the system wherever sufficient space is available.

Brown, Kenneth Dewayne (Grain Valley, MO); Dunson, David (Kansas City, MO)

2006-08-08T23:59:59.000Z

388

Time-resolved reflectivity techniques for dynamic studies of electron beam recrystallization of silicon-on-insulator films  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A time-resolved reflectivity (TRR) technique has been developed for dynamic studies of swept beam heating of silicon-on-insulator (SOI) materials. The method exploits the temperature dependence of the reflectivity of SOI films to allow noncontact temperature measurement with high spatial and temporal resolution. This technique is of considerable practical importance for beam processing, since it allows the temperature distribution induced by a beam being scanned across a specimen to be determined. The temperature distribution produced by a line electron beam swept across a SOI specimen was experimentally measured and found to be consistent with a theoretical prediction. The TRR technique can also be used to study melting and will prove useful for characterizing zone melting recrystallization, where thermal modeling is often inadequate for the complex structures involved.

Timans, P.J.; McMahon, R.A.; Ahmed, H.

1988-11-07T23:59:59.000Z

389

Orchestrating Distributed Resource Ensembles for Petascale Science  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Distributed, data-intensive computational science applications of interest to DOE scientific com- munities move large amounts of data for experiment data management, distributed analysis steps, remote visualization, and accessing scientific instruments. These applications need to orchestrate ensembles of resources from multiple resource pools and interconnect them with high-capacity multi- layered networks across multiple domains. It is highly desirable that mechanisms are designed that provide this type of resource provisioning capability to a broad class of applications. It is also important to have coherent monitoring capabilities for such complex distributed environments. In this project, we addressed these problems by designing an abstract API, enabled by novel semantic resource descriptions, for provisioning complex and heterogeneous resources from multiple providers using their native provisioning mechanisms and control planes: computational, storage, and multi-layered high-speed network domains. We used an extensible resource representation based on semantic web technologies to afford maximum flexibility to applications in specifying their needs. We evaluated the effectiveness of provisioning using representative data-intensive ap- plications. We also developed mechanisms for providing feedback about resource performance to the application, to enable closed-loop feedback control and dynamic adjustments to resource allo- cations (elasticity). This was enabled through development of a novel persistent query framework that consumes disparate sources of monitoring data, including perfSONAR, and provides scalable distribution of asynchronous notifications.

Baldin, Ilya; Mandal, Anirban; Ruth, Paul; Yufeng, Xin

2014-04-24T23:59:59.000Z

390

Dynamics of capillary condensation in aerogels  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Dynamics of capillary condensation of liquid {sup 4}He in various density silica aerogels was investigated systematically. Interfaces were clearly visible when bulk liquid was rapidly sucked into the aerogel. Time evolution of the interface positions was consistent with the Washburn model and their effective pore radii were obtained. Condensation was a single step in a dense aerogel and two steps in a low density aerogel. Crossover between the two types of condensation was observed in an intermediate density aerogel. Variety of the dynamics may be the manifestation of the fractal nature of aerogels which had a wide range of distribution of pore radii.

Nomura, R.; Miyashita, W.; Yoneyama, K.; Okuda, Y. [Department of Condensed Matter Physics, Tokyo Institute of Technology, 2-12-1 O-okayama, Meguro, Tokyo 152-8551 (Japan)

2006-03-15T23:59:59.000Z

391

Distributed Power Delivery for Energy Efficient and Low Power Systems  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Distributed Power Delivery for Energy Efficient and Low Power Systems Selc¸uk K¨ose Department are needed to determine the location of these on-chip power supplies and decoupling capacitors. In this paper, the optimal location of the power supplies and decoupling capacitors is determined for different size

Friedman, Eby G.

392

Innovation flow through social networks: Productivity distribution  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A detailed empirical analysis of the productivity of non financial firms across several countries and years shows that productivity follows a non-Gaussian distribution with power law tails. We demonstrate that these empirical findings can be interpreted as consequence of a mechanism of exchanges in a social network where firms improve their productivity by direct innovation or/and by imitation of other firm's technological and organizational solutions. The type of network-connectivity determines how fast and how efficiently information can diffuse and how quickly innovation will permeate or behaviors will be imitated. From a model for innovation flow through a complex network we obtain that the expectation values of the productivity level are proportional to the connectivity of the network of links between firms. The comparison with the empirical distributions reveals that such a network must be of a scale-free type with a power-law degree distribution in the large connectivity range.

T. Di Matteo; T. Aste; M. Gallegati

2004-06-19T23:59:59.000Z

393

Air distribution effectiveness with stratified air distribution systems  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 Air distribution effectiveness with stratified air distribution systems Kisup Lee* Zheng Jiang, Ph.D Qingyan Chen, Ph.D. Student Member ASHRAE Fellow ASHRAE ABSTRACT Stratified air distribution systems such as Traditional Displacement Ventilation (TDV) and Under- Floor Air Distribution (UFAD

Chen, Qingyan "Yan"

394

Proceedings Engineering Distributed Objects  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

-18, 1999 Edited by Wolfgang Emmerich Volker Gruhn #12;#12;Table of Contents Introduction Wolfgang Emmerich;#12;Engineering Distributed Objects (EDO 99) Introduction Wolfgang Emmerich Dept. of Computer Science University College London London WC1E 6BT United Kingdom w.emmerich@cs.ucl.ac.uk Volker Gruhn Informatik 10 Universit

Emmerich, Wolfgang

395

Building diagnosable distributed systems  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Building diagnosable distributed systems Petros Maniatis Intel Research Berkeley ICSI ­ Security] Project response@R (R, K, SI) lookup response Specification #12;2/8/2006 Petros Maniatis9 Strawman Design Join lookup.NI == node.NI Join lookup.NI == succ.NI Select K in (N, S] Project response@R (R, K, SI

Maniatis, Petros

396

Distributed analysis in ATLAS  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The ATLAS experiment accumulated more than 140 PB of data during the first run of the Large Hadron Collider (LHC) at CERN. The analysis of such an amount of data for the distributed physics community is a challenging task. The Distributed Analysis (DA) system of the ATLAS experiment is an established and stable component of the ATLAS distributed computing operations. About half a million user jobs are daily running on DA resources, submitted by more than 1500 ATLAS physicists. The reliability of the DA system during the first run of the LHC and the following shutdown period has been high thanks to the continuous automatic validation of the distributed analysis sites and the user support provided by a dedicated team of expert shifters. During the LHC shutdown, the ATLAS computing model has undergone several changes to improve the analysis workflows, including the re-design of the production system, a new analysis data format and event model, and the development of common reduction and analysis frameworks. We r...

Dewhurst, Alastair; The ATLAS collaboration

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

397

Level dynamics and the ten-fold way  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We investigate the parameter dynamics of eigenvalues of Hamiltonians ('level dynamics') defined on symmetric spaces relevant for condensed matter and particle physics. In particular we: 1) identify appropriate reduced manifold on which the motion takes place, 2) identify the correct Poisson structure ensuring the Hamiltonian character of the reduced dynamics, 3) determine the canonical measure on the reduced space, 4) calculate the resulting eigenvalue density.

Alan T. Huckleberry; Marek Kus; Patrick Schuetzdeller

2007-02-25T23:59:59.000Z

398

Tariffs with Dynamic Supply Response  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Giannini FDN iibrary TARIFFS WITH DYNAMIC SUPPLY RESWNSEpaper studies the optimal tariff in a dynamic framework. Thesellers, the optimal tariff is dynam- ically inconsistent;

Karp, Larry

1985-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

399

STUDIA FORESTALIA SUECICA Wood resource dynamics in the  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

way or another. Wood Resource Dynamics (i.e. this volunze) describes the historical back- ground . . . . . . . . . . 3.2 Act one: Development determined by . . . . . . .free market forces 3.3 Act two: Government price

García, Oscar

400

Essays in dynamic contracting  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This thesis examines three models of dynamic contracting. The first model is a model of dynamic moral hazard with partially persistent states, and the second model considers relational contracts when the states are partially ...

Kwon, Suehyun

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "determination distributed dynamic" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


401

Dynamics of structural priming   

E-Print Network [OSTI]

for understanding various aspects of syntactic priming. Cognitive processes are modelled as dynamical systems that can change their behaviour when they process information. We use these dynamical systems to investigate how each episode of language comprehension...

Malhotra, Gaurav

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

402

Probabilistic and Resilient Distributed Architectures  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

projects for undergraduates that integrate multiple disciplines, e.g., protein folding and distributed

Heaton, Thomas H.

403

Distributed XML Design Serge Abiteboul  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Distributed XML Design Serge Abiteboul INRIA Saclay ­ �le-de-France & University Paris Sud, FR that a distribution design of the document tree is given, provid- ing an XML tree some of whose leaves are "docking.4 [Distributed Systems]: Distributed databases; H.2.1 [Logical Design]: Data models; Schema and subschema General

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

404

Distributed Energy Alternatives to Electrical  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Distributed Energy Alternatives to Electrical Distribution Grid Expansion in Consolidated Edison.www.gastechnology.org 2 #12;Distributed Energy Alternatives to Electrical Distribution Grid Expansion in Consolidated-Battelle for the Department of Energy Subcontract Number: 4000052360 GTI Project Number: 20441 New York State Energy Research

Pennycook, Steve

405

Hadronic Dynamics in the Studies at B Factories  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

I discuss topics in the strong QCD dynamics that are of relevance to studies of the $B$ mesons and to the spectroscopy of heavy hadrons. In particular the limitations from the hadronic dynamics for the determination of the weak-interaction parameters are discussed as well as some models for the newly observed apparently exotic resonances with hidden charm.

M. B. Voloshin

2009-05-21T23:59:59.000Z

406

Categorical Introduction to Dynamical Systems Symbolic Dynamical Systems  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Categorical Introduction to Dynamical Systems Symbolic Dynamical Systems Symbolic Embedding Examples Results Embeddings in Symbolic Dynamical Systems Jonathan Jaquette Swarthmore College July 22, 2009 Jonathan Jaquette Embeddings in Symbolic Dynamical Systems #12;Categorical Introduction

Kahng, Byung-Jay

407

Dynamics of Carroll Particles  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We investigate particles whose dynamics is invariant under the Carroll group. Although a single free such Carroll particle has no non-trivial dynamics (`the Carroll particle does not move') we show that there exists non-trivial dynamics for a set of interacting Carroll particles. Furthermore, we gauge the Carroll algebra and couple the Carroll particle to these gauge fields. It turns out that for such a coupled system even a single Carroll particle can have non-trivial dynamics.

Eric Bergshoeff; Joaquim Gomis; Giorgio Longhi

2014-05-31T23:59:59.000Z

408

On dynamic prices: a clash of beliefs?  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

While insightful essays have been written regarding the moral appropriateness of dynamic pricing, they have an implicit underlying framework for determining justness and fairness that may not necessarily accord completely with the view promulgated in regard to utility rate setting generally. (author)

Hanser, Philip Q

2010-07-15T23:59:59.000Z

409

QCD thermodynamics with dynamical overlap fermions  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We study QCD thermodynamics using two flavors of dynamical overlap fermions with quark masses corresponding to a pion mass of 350 MeV. We determine several observables on N_t=6 and 8 lattices. All our runs are performed with fixed global topology. Our results are compared with staggered ones and a nice agreement is found.

S. Borsanyi; Y. Delgado; S. Durr; Z. Fodor; S. D. Katz; S. Krieg; T. Lippert; D. Nogradi; K. K. Szabo

2012-08-02T23:59:59.000Z

410

DYNAMIC SCHEDULING M. C. H. Wright  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

for a time interval after which control is returned to the scheduling program to determine the best project who wants more time to evaluate their data can return control to the scheduling program, and come backDYNAMIC SCHEDULING M. C. H. Wright Radio Astronomy Laboratory, University of California, Berkeley

Militzer, Burkhard

411

Reactive power management of distribution networks with wind generation for improving voltage stability  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

-loadability Reactive power margin Wind turbine a b s t r a c t This paper proposes static and dynamic VAR planningReactive power management of distribution networks with wind generation for improving voltage February 2013 Available online Keywords: Composite load Distributed generation D-STATCOM Q

Pota, Himanshu Roy

412

Lognormal distributions and spectra of solar wind plasma fluctuations: Wind 19951998  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Lognormal distributions and spectra of solar wind plasma fluctuations: Wind 1995­1998 L. F. Burlaga, and T were double-peaked; nevertheless, the number of observations associated with the fast wind distribution with large tails. There remains a need for dynamical models of the solar wind that incorporate and describe

Richardson, John

413

Introduction to Focus Issue: Design and Control of Self-Organization in Distributed Active Systems  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Introduction to Focus Issue: Design and Control of Self-Organization in Distributed Active Systems; published online 27 June 2008 Spatiotemporal self-organization is found in a wide range of distributed describe biological and chemical systems designed to exhibit spatiotemporal dynamics and the control

Showalter, Kenneth

414

Collective dynamics of active filament complexes  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Networks of biofilaments are essential for the formation of cellular structures and they support various biological functions. Previous studies have largely investigated the collective dynamics of rod-like biofilaments; however, the shapes of actual subcelluar componensts are often more elaborate. In this study, we investigated an active object composed of two active filaments, which represents a progression from rod-like biofilaments to complex-shaped biofilaments. Specifically, we numerically assessed the collective behaviors of these active objects and observed several types of dynamics depending on the density and the angle of the two filaments as shape parameters of the object. Among the observed collective dynamics, moving density bands that we named 'moving smectic' are reported here for the first time. By using statistical analyses of the orbits of individual objects and the interactions among them, the mechanisms underlying the rise of these dynamics patterns in the system were determined. This study...

Nogucci, Hironobu

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

415

Intramolecular and nonlinear dynamics  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Research in this program focuses on three interconnected areas. The first involves the study of intramolecular dynamics, particularly of highly excited systems. The second area involves the use of nonlinear dynamics as a tool for the study of molecular dynamics and complex kinetics. The third area is the study of the classical/quantum correspondence for highly excited systems, particularly systems exhibiting classical chaos.

Davis, M.J. [Argonne National Laboratory, IL (United States)

1993-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

416

Dynamics of Anisotropic Universes  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We present a general study of the dynamical properties of Anisotropic Bianchi Universes in the context of Einstein General Relativity. Integrability results using Kovalevskaya exponents are reported and connected to general knowledge about Bianchi dynamics. Finally, dynamics toward singularity in Bianchi type VIII and IX universes are showed to be equivalent in some precise sence.

Jerome Perez

2006-03-30T23:59:59.000Z

417

Atmospheric Dynamics II Instructor  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

AT602 Atmospheric Dynamics II 2 credits Instructor: David W. J. Thompson davet: An Introduction to Dynamic Meteorology, 5th Edition, Academic Press (recommended) · Marshall, J., and Plumb, R. A., 2008: Atmosphere, Ocean, and Climate Dynamics: An Introductory Text, Academic Press. · Vallis, G. K

418

Strategy Guideline: Compact Air Distribution Systems  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This Strategy Guideline discusses the benefits and challenges of using a compact air distribution system to handle the reduced loads and reduced air volume needed to condition the space within an energy efficient home. Traditional systems sized by 'rule of thumb' (i.e., 1 ton of cooling per 400 ft2 of floor space) that 'wash' the exterior walls with conditioned air from floor registers cannot provide appropriate air mixing and moisture removal in low-load homes. A compact air distribution system locates the HVAC equipment centrally with shorter ducts run to interior walls, and ceiling supply outlets throw the air toward the exterior walls along the ceiling plane; alternatively, high sidewall supply outlets throw the air toward the exterior walls. Potential drawbacks include resistance from installing contractors or code officials who are unfamiliar with compact air distribution systems, as well as a lack of availability of low-cost high sidewall or ceiling supply outlets to meet the low air volumes with good throw characteristics. The decision criteria for a compact air distribution system must be determined early in the whole-house design process, considering both supply and return air design. However, careful installation of a compact air distribution system can result in lower material costs from smaller equipment, shorter duct runs, and fewer outlets; increased installation efficiencies, including ease of fitting the system into conditioned space; lower loads on a better balanced HVAC system, and overall improved energy efficiency of the home.

Burdick, A.

2013-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

419

Distributed Wind Policy Comparison Tool Guidebook  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Power through Policy: 'Best Practices' for Cost-Effective Distributed Wind is a U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)-funded project to identify distributed wind technology policy best practices and to help policymakers, utilities, advocates, and consumers examine their effectiveness using a pro forma model. Incorporating a customized feed from the Database of State Incentives for Renewables and Efficiency (DSIRE), the Web-based Distributed Wind Policy Comparison Tool (Policy Tool) is designed to assist state, local, and utility officials in understanding the financial impacts of different policy options to help reduce the cost of distributed wind technologies. The Policy Tool can be used to evaluate the ways that a variety of federal and state policies and incentives impact the economics of distributed wind (and subsequently its expected market growth). It also allows policymakers to determine the impact of policy options, addressing market challenges identified in the U.S. DOE's '20% Wind Energy by 2030' report and helping to meet COE targets.

Not Available

2011-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

420

Measuring Advances in HVAC Distribution System Design  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Substantial commercial building energy savings have been achieved by improving the performance of the HV AC distribution system. The energy savings result from distribution system design improvements, advanced control capabilities, and use of variable-speed motors. Yet, much of the commercial building stock remains equipped with inefficient systems. Contributing to this is the absence of a definition for distribution system efficiency as well as the analysis methods for quantifying performance. This research investigates the application of performance indices to assess design advancements in commercial building thermal distribution systems. The index definitions are based on a first and second law of thermodynamics analysis of the system. The second law or availability analysis enables the determination of the true efficiency of the system. Availability analysis is a convenient way to make system efficiency comparisons since performance is evaluated relative to an ideal process. A TRNSYS simulation model is developed to analyze the performance of two distribution system types, a constant air volume system and a variable air volume system, that serve one floor of a large office building. Performance indices are calculated using the simulation results to compare the performance of the two systems types in several locations. Changes in index values are compared to changes in plant energy, costs, and carbon emissions to explore the ability of the indices to estimate these quantities.

Franconi, E.

1998-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "determination distributed dynamic" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


421

Structure and Dynamics of Biological Systems Research Team: James E. Evans, Daniel E. Perea, Xiao-Ying Yu, Zihua Zhu  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Structure and Dynamics of Biological Systems Research Team: James E. Evans, Daniel E. Perea, Xiao for atomic resolution structure determination; observe dynamics using a pump-probe regime. Dynamic TEM probe tomography to interrogate the structure and dynamics of biological systems

422

Spatiotemporal dynamics in a spatial plankton system  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In this paper, we investigate the complex dynamics of a spatial plankton-fish system with Holling type III functional responses. We have carried out the analytical study for both one and two dimensional system in details and found out a condition for diffusive instability of a locally stable equilibrium. Furthermore, we present a theoretical analysis of processes of pattern formation that involves organism distribution and their interaction of spatially distributed population with local diffusion. The results of numerical simulations reveal that, on increasing the value of the fish predation rates, the sequences spots $\\rightarrow$ spot-stripe mixtures$\\rightarrow$ stripes$\\rightarrow$ hole-stripe mixtures holes$\\rightarrow$ wave pattern is observed. Our study shows that the spatially extended model system has not only more complex dynamic patterns in the space, but also has spiral waves.

Ranjit Kumar Upadhyay; Weiming Wang; N. K. Thakur

2011-03-17T23:59:59.000Z

423

Competitive Dynamics of Web Sites  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We present a dynamical model of web site growth in order to explore the effects of competition among web sites and to determine how they affect the nature of markets. We show that under general conditions, as the competition between sites increases, the model exhibits a sudden transition from a regime in which many sites thrive simultaneously, to a "winner take all market" in which a few sites grab almost all the users, while most other sites go nearly extinct. This prediction is in agreement with recent measurements on the nature of electronic markets.

Sebastian M. Maurer; Bernardo A. Huberman

2000-03-17T23:59:59.000Z

424

Analytically solvable geometric network growth model with arbitrary degree distribution  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We construct a class of network growth models capable of producing arbitrary degree distributions. The conditions necessary for generating the desired degree distribution can be derived analytically. In this model, a network is generated as a result of local interactions among agents residing on a metric space. Specifically, we study the case of random-walking agents who form bonds when they meet at designated locations we refer to as "rendezvous points." The spatial distribution of the rendezvous points determines key characteristics of the network such as the degree distribution. For any arbitrary (monotonic) degree distribution, we are able to analytically solve for the required rendezvous point distribution. Certain features of the model including high clustering coefficients suggest that it may be a suitable candidate for modeling biological and urban networks.

Dianati, Navid

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

425

Determining Reactor Neutrino Flux  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Flux is an important source of uncertainties for a reactor neutrino experiment. It is determined from thermal power measurements, reactor core simulation, and knowledge of neutrino spectra of fuel isotopes. Past reactor neutrino experiments have determined the flux to (2-3)% precision. Precision measurements of mixing angle $\\theta_{13}$ by reactor neutrino experiments in the coming years will use near-far detector configurations. Most uncertainties from reactor will be canceled out. Understanding of the correlation of uncertainties is required for $\\theta_{13}$ experiments. Precise determination of reactor neutrino flux will also improve the sensitivity of the non-proliferation monitoring and future reactor experiments. We will discuss the flux calculation and recent progresses.

Jun Cao

2012-03-08T23:59:59.000Z

426

Blackbody Distribution for Wormholes  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

By assuming that only (i) bilocal vertex operators which are diagonal with respect to the basis for local field operators, and (ii) the convergent elements with nonzero positive energy of the density matrix representing the quantum state of multiply-connected wormholes, contribute the path integral that describes the effects of wormholes on ordinary matter fields at low energy, it is obtained that the probability measure for multiply connected wormholes with nondegenerate energy spectrum is given in terms of a Planckian probability distribution for the momenta of a quantum field $\\frac{1}{2}\\alpha^ {2}$, where the $\\alpha$'s are the Coleman parameters, rather than a classical gaussian distribution law, and that an observable classical universe can exist if, and only if, such multiply connected wormholes are allowed to occur.

P. F. González-Díaz

1993-09-13T23:59:59.000Z

427

Control algorithms for dynamic attenuators  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Purpose: The authors describe algorithms to control dynamic attenuators in CT and compare their performance using simulated scans. Dynamic attenuators are prepatient beam shaping filters that modulate the distribution of x-ray fluence incident on the patient on a view-by-view basis. These attenuators can reduce dose while improving key image quality metrics such as peak or mean variance. In each view, the attenuator presents several degrees of freedom which may be individually adjusted. The total number of degrees of freedom across all views is very large, making many optimization techniques impractical. The authors develop a theory for optimally controlling these attenuators. Special attention is paid to a theoretically perfect attenuator which controls the fluence for each ray individually, but the authors also investigate and compare three other, practical attenuator designs which have been previously proposed: the piecewise-linear attenuator, the translating attenuator, and the double wedge attenuator. Methods: The authors pose and solve the optimization problems of minimizing the mean and peak variance subject to a fixed dose limit. For a perfect attenuator and mean variance minimization, this problem can be solved in simple, closed form. For other attenuator designs, the problem can be decomposed into separate problems for each view to greatly reduce the computational complexity. Peak variance minimization can be approximately solved using iterated, weighted mean variance (WMV) minimization. Also, the authors develop heuristics for the perfect and piecewise-linear attenuators which do not requirea priori knowledge of the patient anatomy. The authors compare these control algorithms on different types of dynamic attenuators using simulated raw data from forward projected DICOM files of a thorax and an abdomen. Results: The translating and double wedge attenuators reduce dose by an average of 30% relative to current techniques (bowtie filter with tube current modulation) without increasing peak variance. The 15-element piecewise-linear dynamic attenuator reduces dose by an average of 42%, and the perfect attenuator reduces dose by an average of 50%. Improvements in peak variance are several times larger than improvements in mean variance. Heuristic control eliminates the need for a prescan. For the piecewise-linear attenuator, the cost of heuristic control is an increase in dose of 9%. The proposed iterated WMV minimization produces results that are within a few percent of the true solution. Conclusions: Dynamic attenuators show potential for significant dose reduction. A wide class of dynamic attenuators can be accurately controlled using the described methods.

Hsieh, Scott S., E-mail: sshsieh@stanford.edu [Department of Radiology, Stanford University, Stanford, California 94305 and Department of Electrical Engineering, Stanford University, Stanford, California 94305 (United States); Pelc, Norbert J. [Department of Radiology, Stanford University, Stanford California 94305 and Department of Bioengineering, Stanford University, Stanford, California 94305 (United States)] [Department of Radiology, Stanford University, Stanford California 94305 and Department of Bioengineering, Stanford University, Stanford, California 94305 (United States)

2014-06-15T23:59:59.000Z

428

Dynamic Conic Finance: Pricing and Hedging in Market Models with Transaction Costs via Dynamic Coherent Acceptability Indices  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In this paper we present a theoretical framework for determining dynamic ask and bid prices of derivatives using the theory of dynamic coherent acceptability indices in discrete time. We prove a version of the First Fundamental Theorem of Asset Pricing using the dynamic coherent risk measures. We introduce the dynamic ask and bid prices of a derivative contract in markets with transaction costs. Based on these results, we derive a representation theorem for the dynamic bid and ask prices in terms of dynamically consistent sequence of sets of probability measures and risk-neutral measures. To illustrate our results, we compute the ask and bid prices of some path-dependent options using the dynamic Gain-Loss Ratio.

Bielecki, Tomasz R; Iyigunler, Ismail; Rodriguez, Rodrigo

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

429

Mapping Biomass Distribution Potential  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Mapping Biomass Distribution Potential Michael Schaetzel Undergraduate ? Environmental Studies ? University of Kansas L O C A T S I O N BIOMASS ENERGY POTENTIAL o According to DOE, Biomass has the potential to provide 14% of... the nation’s power o Currently 1% of national power supply o Carbon neutral? combustion of biomass is part of the natural carbon cycle o Improved crop residue management has potential to benefit environment, producers, and economy Biomass Btu...

Schaetzel, Michael

2010-11-18T23:59:59.000Z

430

Stochastic dynamic systems fl T. Soderstrom, 1997  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Stochastic dynamic systems Chapter 2 c fl T. S¨oderstr¨om, 1997 1 Some probability theory ffl Basic facts ffl Conditional distributions ffl Complex­valued Gaussian variables c fl T. S¨oderstr¨om, 1997 2) increasing ffl limx!1 F(x) = 1 ffl lim x!\\Gamma1 F (x) = 0 c fl T. S¨oderstr¨om, 1997 3 Random variables

Flener, Pierre

431

Decoherence rates for Galilean covariant dynamics  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We introduce a measure of decoherence for a class of density operators. For Gaussian density operators in dimension one it coincides with an index used by Morikawa (1990). Spatial decoherence rates are derived for three large classes of the Galilean covariant quantum semigroups introduced by Holevo. We also characterize the relaxation to a Gaussian state for these dynamics and give a theorem for the convergence of the Wigner function to the probability distribution of the classical analog of the process.

Jeremy Clark

2008-04-02T23:59:59.000Z

432

Improved Load Distribution for Load Rating of Low-Fill Box Structures  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. The distribution of live loads on the top slab of a box culvert plays a major role in determining the rating factor of the culvert. The current AASHTO guidelines do not consider the effects of pavements present above the fill while determining the load distribution...

Acharya, Raju

2012-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

433

GASIFICATION FOR DISTRIBUTED GENERATION  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A recent emphasis in gasification technology development has been directed toward reduced-scale gasifier systems for distributed generation at remote sites. The domestic distributed power generation market over the next decade is expected to be 5-6 gigawatts per year. The global increase is expected at 20 gigawatts over the next decade. The economics of gasification for distributed power generation are significantly improved when fuel transport is minimized. Until recently, gasification technology has been synonymous with coal conversion. Presently, however, interest centers on providing clean-burning fuel to remote sites that are not necessarily near coal supplies but have sufficient alternative carbonaceous material to feed a small gasifier. Gasifiers up to 50 MW are of current interest, with emphasis on those of 5-MW generating capacity. Internal combustion engines offer a more robust system for utilizing the fuel gas, while fuel cells and microturbines offer higher electric conversion efficiencies. The initial focus of this multiyear effort was on internal combustion engines and microturbines as more realistic near-term options for distributed generation. In this project, we studied emerging gasification technologies that can provide gas from regionally available feedstock as fuel to power generators under 30 MW in a distributed generation setting. Larger-scale gasification, primarily coal-fed, has been used commercially for more than 50 years to produce clean synthesis gas for the refining, chemical, and power industries. Commercial-scale gasification activities are under way at 113 sites in 22 countries in North and South America, Europe, Asia, Africa, and Australia, according to the Gasification Technologies Council. Gasification studies were carried out on alfalfa, black liquor (a high-sodium waste from the pulp industry), cow manure, and willow on the laboratory scale and on alfalfa, black liquor, and willow on the bench scale. Initial parametric tests evaluated through reactivity and product composition were carried out on thermogravimetric analysis (TGA) equipment. These tests were evaluated and then followed by bench-scale studies at 1123 K using an integrated bench-scale fluidized-bed gasifier (IBG) which can be operated in the semicontinuous batch mode. Products from tests were solid (ash), liquid (tar), and gas. Tar was separated on an open chromatographic column. Analysis of the gas product was carried out using on-line Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FT-IR). For selected tests, gas was collected periodically and analyzed using a refinery gas analyzer GC (gas chromatograph). The solid product was not extensively analyzed. This report is a part of a search into emerging gasification technologies that can provide power under 30 MW in a distributed generation setting. Larger-scale gasification has been used commercially for more than 50 years to produce clean synthesis gas for the refining, chemical, and power industries, and it is probable that scaled-down applications for use in remote areas will become viable. The appendix to this report contains a list, description, and sources of currently available gasification technologies that could be or are being commercially applied for distributed generation. This list was gathered from current sources and provides information about the supplier, the relative size range, and the status of the technology.

Ronald C. Timpe; Michael D. Mann; Darren D. Schmidt

2000-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

434

Generic solar photovoltaic system dynamic simulation model specification.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This document is intended to serve as a specification for generic solar photovoltaic (PV) system positive-sequence dynamic models to be implemented by software developers and approved by the WECC MVWG for use in bulk system dynamic simulations in accordance with NERC MOD standards. Two specific dynamic models are included in the scope of this document. The first, a Central Station PV System model, is intended to capture the most important dynamic characteristics of large scale (> 10 MW) PV systems with a central Point of Interconnection (POI) at the transmission level. The second, a Distributed PV System model, is intended to represent an aggregation of smaller, distribution-connected systems that comprise a portion of a composite load that might be modeled at a transmission load bus.

Ellis, Abraham; Behnke, Michael Robert; Elliott, Ryan Thomas

2013-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

435

Gender determination in populus  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Gender, the expression of maleness or femaleness, in dioecious plants has been associated with changes in morphology, physiology, ecological position, and commercial importance of several species, including members of the Salicaceae family. Various mechanisms have been proposed to explain the expression of gender in Salicaceae, including sex chromosomes, simple Mendelian genes, quantitative genes, environment, and genotype-by-environment interactions. Published reports would favor a genetic basis for gender. The objective of this study was to identify molecular markers associated with gender in a segregating family of hybrid poplars. Bulked segregant analysis and chi-squared analysis were used to test for the occurrence of sex chromosomes, individual loci, and chromosome ratios (i.e., ploidy levels) as the mechanisms for gender determination. Examination of 2488 PCR based RAPD markers from 1219 primers revealed nine polymorphic bands between male and female bulked samples. However, linkage analysis indicated that none of these markers were significantly associated with gender. Chisquared results for difference in male-to-female ratios between diploid and triploid genotypes also revealed no significant differences. These findings suggest gender is not controlled via sex chromosomes, simple Mendelian loci or ratios of autosome to gender-determining loci. It is possible that gender is determined genetically by regions of the genome not sampled by the tested markers or by a complex of loci operating in an additive threshold manner or in an epistatic manner. It is also possible that gender is determined environmentally at an early zygote stage, canalizing gender expression.

McLetchie, D.N. [Univ. of Kentucky, Lexington, KY (United States). Dept. of Biological Sciences; Tuskan, G.A. [Oak Ridge National Lab., TN (United States)

1994-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

436

Jointness of Growth Determinants  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, then the model space M is the set of all 2K linear models. Each model Mj is 2If the assumption of conditionally homoscedastic residuals is violated, the mean slope coeffi- cients (and therefore also model weights) would be consistently estimated. However... straightforward manner from conditional (model specific) parameter estimates. The mean of the posterior distribution of model parameter ?i, unconditional with respect to space of models M, but conditional on including variable xi, equals E(?i|?i = 1,D) = 2K? j=1 1...

Doppelhofer, Gernot; Weeks, Melvyn

2006-03-14T23:59:59.000Z

437

A reliability assessment methodology for distribution systems with distributed generation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Reliability assessment is of primary importance in designing and planning distribution systems that operate in an economic manner with minimal interruption of customer loads. With the advances in renewable energy sources, Distributed Generation (DG...

Duttagupta, Suchismita Sujaya

2006-08-16T23:59:59.000Z

438

Dynamics of evaporative colloidal patterning  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Drying suspensions often leave behind complex patterns of particulates, as might be seen in the coffee stains on a table. Here we consider the dynamics of periodic band or uniform solid film formation on a vertical plate suspended partially in a drying colloidal solution. Direct observations allow us to visualize the dynamics of the band and film deposition, and the transition in between when the colloidal concentration is varied. A minimal theory of the liquid meniscus motion along the plate reveals the dynamics of the banding and its transition to the filming as a function of the ratio of deposition and evaporation rates. We also provide a complementary multiphase model of colloids dissolved in the liquid, which couples the inhomogeneous evaporation at the evolving meniscus to the fluid and particulate flows and the transition from a dilute suspension to a porous plug. This allows us to determine the concentration dependence of the bandwidth and the deposition rate. Together, our findings allow for the control of drying-induced patterning as a function of the colloidal concentration and evaporation rate.

C. Nadir Kaplan; Ning Wu; Shreyas Mandre; Joanna Aizenberg; L. Mahadevan

2014-12-04T23:59:59.000Z

439

CMTC CMTC-151075-PP Dynamic Response of Monoethanolamine (MEA) CO2 Capture Units  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

the dynamic characteristics of the capture plant for load following by simulating various ramp rates of flue to understand the dynamic response of coal-plants with CCS. A variety of engineering studies have been published model of an MEA capture plant was developed using Aspen Dynamics®. The model is used to determine

440

Dopant profile modeling by rare event enhanced domain-following molecular dynamics  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A computer-implemented molecular dynamics-based process simulates a distribution of ions implanted in a semiconductor substrate. The properties of the semiconductor substrate and ion dose to be simulated are first initialized, including an initial set of splitting depths that contain an equal number of virtual ions implanted in each substrate volume determined by the splitting depths. A first ion with selected velocity is input onto an impact position of the substrate that defines a first domain for the first ion during a first timestep, where the first domain includes only those atoms of the substrate that exert a force on the ion. A first position and velocity of the first ion is determined after the first timestep and a second domain of the first ion is formed at the first position. The first ion is split into first and second virtual ions if the first ion has passed through a splitting interval. The process then follows each virtual ion until all of the virtual ions have come to rest. A new ion is input to the surface and the process repeats until all of the ion dose has been input. The resulting ion rest positions form the simulated implant distribution.

Beardmore, Keith M. (Santa Fe, NM); Jensen, Niels G. (Davis, CA)

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "determination distributed dynamic" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


441

A microscopic view of accelerated dynamics in deformed polymer glasses  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A molecular level analysis of segmental trajectories obtained from molecular dynamics simulations is used to obtain the full relaxation time spectrum in aging polymer glasses subject to three different deformation protocols. As in experiments, dynamics can be accelerated by several orders of magnitude, and a narrowing of the distribution of relaxation times during creep is directly observed. Additionally, the acceleration factor describing the transformation of the relaxation time distributions is computed and found to obey a universal dependence on the global strain, independent of age and deformation protocol.

Mya Warren; Joerg Rottler

2010-02-09T23:59:59.000Z

442

Distributed computing systems programme  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Publication of this volume coincides with the completion of the U.K. Science and Engineering Research Council's coordinated programme of research in Distributed Computing Systems (DCS) which ran from 1977 to 1984. The volume is based on presentations made at the programme's final conference. The first chapter explains the origins and history of DCS and gives an overview of the programme and its achievements. The remaining sixteen chapters review particular research themes (including imperative and declarative languages, and performance modelling), and describe particular research projects in technical areas including local area networks, design, development and analysis of concurrent systems, parallel algorithm design, functional programming and non-von Neumann computer architectures.

Duce, D.

1984-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

443

Distributed Optimization System  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A search system and method for controlling multiple agents to optimize an objective using distributed sensing and cooperative control. The search agent can be one or more physical agents, such as a robot, and can be software agents for searching cyberspace. The objective can be: chemical sources, temperature sources, radiation sources, light sources, evaders, trespassers, explosive sources, time dependent sources, time independent sources, function surfaces, maximization points, minimization points, and optimal control of a system such as a communication system, an economy, a crane, and a multi-processor computer.

Hurtado, John E. (Albuquerque, NM); Dohrmann, Clark R. (Albuquerque, NM); Robinett, III, Rush D. (Tijeras, NM)

2004-11-30T23:59:59.000Z

444

Limited Distribution Notice  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This report has been submitted for publication outside of IBM and will probably be copyrighted is accepted for publication. It has been issued as a Research Report for early dissemination of its contents. In view of the transfer of copyright to the outside publisher, its distribution outside of IBM prior to publication should be limited to peer communications and specific requests. After outside publication, requests should be filled only by reprints or legally obtained copies of the article (e.g., payment of royalties). Some reports are available at

Josh Hailpern; John Jay High; Charles C. Palmer

445

Annual Coal Distribution Tables  

Annual Energy Outlook 2013 [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul(Summary) " ,"ClickPipelinesProved Reserves (Billion CubicCubic Feet)Year Jan FebForeign Distribution of U.S. Coal

446

Annual Coal Distribution Tables  

Annual Energy Outlook 2013 [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul(Summary) " ,"ClickPipelinesProved Reserves (Billion CubicCubic Feet)Year Jan FebForeign Distribution of U.S.

447

Annual Coal Distribution Tables  

Annual Energy Outlook 2013 [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul(Summary) " ,"ClickPipelinesProved Reserves (Billion CubicCubic Feet)Year Jan FebForeign Distribution of U.S.and

448

Building the Distribution Grid  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious Rank EERE:YearRound-Up fromDepartmentTie Ltd:June 2015 < prevBuilding the Distribution Grid of the Future

449

Molecular dynamics (MD) calculation of the real zeta potential of neutral surfaces  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Molecular dynamics (MD) simulations of the zeta potential are so poor that it has become common to term their predictions "apparent". Here we demonstrate how MD methods can predict zeta potentials accurate enough they can be termed "real". The critical new aspects of our method are: (1) integrating the net average charge in surface-parallel layers from the midpoint of the fluid layer (where the electrostatic potential is zero) to and then into two solid caps, (2) determining the position of slipping plane with separate Couette flow models, and (3) calculating the charge distribution and electrostatic potential under static conditions. The solids are charge neutral surfaces composed of atoms with zero charge or charge balanced monovalent or divalent ions. The zeta potentials calculated are within a few millivolts of measured values, and the measured values fall within the simulation error bars. The zeta potentials calculated with the Helmholtz and Smoluchowski equation following current practice are 10's of mi...

Liu, Hongyi

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

450

Circulating fluidized bed hydrodynamics experiments for the multiphase fluid dynamics research consortium (MFDRC).  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

An experimental program was conducted to study the multiphase gas-solid flow in a pilot-scale circulating fluidized bed (CFB). This report describes the CFB experimental facility assembled for this program, the diagnostics developed and/or applied to make measurements in the riser section of the CFB, and the data acquired for several different flow conditions. Primary data acquired included pressures around the flow loop and solids loadings at selected locations in the riser. Tomographic techniques using gamma radiation and electrical capacitance were used to determine radial profiles of solids volume fraction in the riser, and axial profiles of the integrated solids volume fraction were produced. Computer Aided Radioactive Particle Tracking was used to measure solids velocities, fluxes, and residence time distributions. In addition, a series of computational fluid dynamics simulations was performed using the commercial code Arenaflow{trademark}.

Oelfke, John Barry; Torczynski, John Robert; O'Hern, Timothy John; Tortora, Paul Richard; Bhusarapu, Satish (; ); Trujillo, Steven Mathew

2006-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

451

Distributed Energy Resources for Carbon Emissions Mitigation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

and Energy Reliability, Distribution System Integrationand Energy Reliability, Distribution System Integration

Firestone, Ryan; Marnay, Chris

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

452

High temperature hot water distribution system study  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The existing High Temperature Hot Water (HTHW) Distribution System has been plagued with design and construction deficiencies since startup of the HTHW system, in October 1988. In October 1989, after one year of service, these deficiencies were outlined in a technical evaluation. The deficiencies included flooded manholes, sump pumps not hooked up, leaking valves, contaminated HTHW water, and no cathodic protection system. This feasibility study of the High Temperature Hot Water (HTHW) Distribution System was performed under Contract No. DACA0l-94-D-0033, Delivery Order 0013, Modification 1, issued to EMC Engineers, Inc. (EMC), by the Norfolk District Corps of Engineers, on 25 April 1996. The purpose of this study was to determine the existing conditions of the High Temperature Hot Water Distribution System, manholes, and areas of containment system degradation. The study focused on two areas of concern, as follows: * Determine existing conditions and areas of containment system degradation (leaks) in the underground carrier pipes and protective conduit. * Document the condition of underground steel and concrete manholes. To document the leaks, a site survey was performed, using state-of-the-art infrared leak detection equipment and tracer gas leak detection equipment. To document the condition of the manholes, color photographs were taken of the insides of 125 manholes, and notes were made on the condition of these manholes.

NONE

1996-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

453

Technical Potential for Local Distributed  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

the impact of high penetrations of solar PV on wholesale power markets (energy and capacity Technical Potential for Local Distributed Photovoltaics in California Preliminary.391.5100 www.ethree.com Technical Potential for Local Distributed Photovoltaics in California Preliminary

454

Soot particle aerosol dynamics at high pressure  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The authors have used detailed calculations to analyze the coagulation dynamics of a soot aerosol at high pressures (20 and 50 atm). They find that the soot size distribution is altered compared to lower-pressure conditions because the mean free path at high pressures is reduced to the point that the particles are similar in size to the mean free path. At lower pressures the form of the size distribution becomes constant (self-preserving) in time, allowing optical measurements to be easily interpreted. However, the authors find that at pressures above about 5 atm the shape of the size distribution continually changes. As a result, proper and accurate interpretation of optical data at high pressures is more difficult than at lower pressures.

Harris, S.J. (General Motors Research Labs., Warren, MI (USA). Physics Dept.); Kennedy, I.M. (California Univ., Davis, CA (USA). Dept. of Mechanical Engineering)

1989-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

455

CADS:Cantera Aerosol Dynamics Simulator.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This manual describes a library for aerosol kinetics and transport, called CADS (Cantera Aerosol Dynamics Simulator), which employs a section-based approach for describing the particle size distributions. CADS is based upon Cantera, a set of C++ libraries and applications that handles gas phase species transport and reactions. The method uses a discontinuous Galerkin formulation to represent the particle distributions within each section and to solve for changes to the aerosol particle distributions due to condensation, coagulation, and nucleation processes. CADS conserves particles, elements, and total enthalpy up to numerical round-off error, in all of its formulations. Both 0-D time dependent and 1-D steady state applications (an opposing-flow flame application) have been developed with CADS, with the initial emphasis on developing fundamental mechanisms for soot formation within fires. This report also describes the 0-D application, TDcads, which models a time-dependent perfectly stirred reactor.

Moffat, Harry K.

2007-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

456

Dynamical Friction on extended perturbers  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Following a wave-mechanical treatment we calculate the drag force exerted by an infinite homogeneous background of stars on a perturber as this makes its way through the system. We recover Chandrasekhar's classical dynamical friction (DF) law with a modified Coulomb logarithm. We take into account a range of models that encompasses all plausible density distributions for satellite galaxies by considering the DF exerted on a Plummer sphere and a perturber having a Hernquist profile. It is shown that the shape of the perturber affects only the exact form of the Coulomb logarithm. The latter converges on small scales, because encounters of the test and field stars with impact parameters less than the size of the massive perturber become inefficient. We confirm this way earlier results based on the impulse approximation of small angle scatterings.

O. Esquivel; B. Fuchs

2008-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

457

Dynamics of assembly production flow  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Despite recent developments in management theory, maintaining a manufacturing schedule remains difficult because of production delays and fluctuations in demand and supply of materials. The response of manufacturing systems to such disruptions to dynamic behavior has been rarely studied. To capture these responses, we investigate a process that models the assembly of parts into end products. The complete assembly process is represented by a directed tree, where the smallest parts are injected at leaves and the end products are removed at the root. A discrete assembly process, represented by a node on the network, integrates parts, which are then sent to the next downstream node as a single part. The model exhibits some intriguing phenomena, including overstock cascade, phase transition in terms of demand and supply fluctuations, nonmonotonic distribution of stockout in the network, and the formation of a stockout path and stockout chains. Surprisingly, these rich phenomena result from only the nature of distr...

Ezaki, Takahiro; Nishinari, Katsuhiro

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

458

Designing Distributed Applications with Mobile Code Paradigms  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Designing Distributed Applications with Mobile Code Paradigms Antonio Carzaniga Politecnico di code, design paradigms, distributed applica­ tions. INTRODUCTION Distributed systems have been with the design of distributed applications, that aims at identifying the distributable components

Carzaniga, Antonio

459

Benford distributions in NMR  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Benford's Law is an empirical law which predicts the frequency of significant digits in databases corresponding to various phenomena, natural or artificial. Although counter intuitive at the first sight, it predicts a higher occurrence of digit 1, and decreasing occurrences to other larger digits. Here we report the Benford analysis of various NMR databases and draw several interesting inferences. We observe that, in general, NMR signals follow Benford distribution in time-domain as well as in frequency domain. Our survey included NMR signals of various nuclear species in a wide variety of molecules in different phases, namely liquid, liquid-crystalline, and solid. We also studied the dependence of Benford distribution on NMR parameters such as signal to noise ratio, number of scans, pulse angles, and apodization. In this process we also find that, under certain circumstances, the Benford analysis can distinguish a genuine spectrum from a visually identical simulated spectrum. Further we find that chemical-shift databases and amplitudes of certain radio frequency pulses generated using optimal control techniques also satisfy Benford's law to a good extent.

Gaurav Bhole; Abhishek Shukla; T. S. Mahesh

2014-06-27T23:59:59.000Z

460

DISTRIBUTED GENERATION AND COGENERATION POLICY  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

CALIFORNIA ENERGY COMMISSION DISTRIBUTED GENERATION AND COGENERATION POLICY ROADMAP FOR CALIFORNIA to the development of this report by the Energy Commission's Distributed Generation Policy Advisory Team; Melissa;ABSTRACT This report defines a year 2020 policy vision for distributed generation and cogeneration

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "determination distributed dynamic" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


461

Dynamic force spectroscopy on multiple bonds: experiments and model  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We probe the dynamic strength of multiple biotin-streptavidin adhesion bonds under linear loading using the biomembrane force probe setup for dynamic force spectroscopy. Measured rupture force histograms are compared to results from a master equation model for the stochastic dynamics of bond rupture under load. This allows us to extract the distribution of the number of initially closed bonds. We also extract the molecular parameters of the adhesion bonds, in good agreement with earlier results from single bond experiments. Our analysis shows that the peaks in the measured histograms are not simple multiples of the single bond values, but follow from a superposition procedure which generates different peak positions.

T. Erdmann; S. Pierrat; P. Nassoy; U. S. Schwarz

2007-12-18T23:59:59.000Z

462

Nanoindentation Under Dynamic Conditions  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

............................................................................................ 98  6.3.1  Data Analysis ........................................................................................... 99  6.3.2  Dynamic Compliance ............................................................................. 103  6.3.3  Strain Rates...

Wheeler, Jeffrey M

2009-05-22T23:59:59.000Z

463

Dynamics of the Galaxy's Satellites  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The Milky Way's satellites provide unique information about the density of the Galactic halo at large radii. The inclusion of even a few rather inaccurate proper motions resolves an ambiguity in older mass estimates in favour of higher values. Many of the satellites are concentrated into streams. The dynamics of the Magellanic Stream provided an early indication that the halo reaches out to beyond 100 kpc. Tidal forces between the Clouds are currently disturbing the Clouds' internal dynamics. One would expect this damage to worsen rapidly as the tidal field of the MW excites the eccentricity of the Clouds' mutual orbit. This process, which has yet to be completely modelled, is important for understanding the degree of self-lensing in searches for gravitational lensing events. The Sagittarius Dwarf galaxy very likely contributes significantly to the Galactic warp. The direction of the warp's line of nodes is incorrectly predicted by the simplest models of the Dwarf's orbit. More sophisticated models, in which a complex distribution of stripped dark matter is predicted, may be more successful.

James Binney

2000-06-28T23:59:59.000Z

464

Assessing business models arising from the integration of distributed energy systems in the Chilean electric power system  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Electric power systems are more than just networks of generation, transmission and distribution assets. They are socio-technical systems, involving regulation, markets and technology availability. Presently, the dynamic ...

Le Dantec, Jorge I. (Jorge Ignacio)

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

465

Imaging the Earth's Interior: the Angular Distribution of Terrestrial Neutrinos  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Decays of radionuclides throughout the Earth's interior produce geothermal heat, but also are a source of antineutrinos. The (angle-integrated) geoneutrino flux places an integral constraint on the terrestrial radionuclide distribution. In this paper, we calculate the angular distribution of geoneutrinos, which opens a window on the differential radionuclide distribution. We develop the general formalism for the neutrino angular distribution, and we present the inverse transformation which recovers the terrestrial radioisotope distribution given a measurement of the neutrino angular distribution. Thus, geoneutrinos not only allow a means to image the Earth's interior, but offering a direct measure of the radioactive Earth, both (1) revealing the Earth's inner structure as probed by radionuclides, and (2) allowing for a complete determination of the radioactive heat generation as a function of radius. We present the geoneutrino angular distribution for the favored Earth model which has been used to calculate geoneutrino flux. In this model the neutrino generation is dominated by decays in the Earth's mantle and crust; this leads to a very ``peripheral'' angular distribution, in which 2/3 of the neutrinos come from angles > 60 degrees away from the downward vertical. We note the possibility of that the Earth's core contains potassium; different geophysical predictions lead to strongly varying, and hence distinguishable, central intensities (< 30 degrees from the downward vertical). Other uncertainties in the models, and prospects for observation of the geoneutrino angular distribution, are briefly discussed. We conclude by urging the development and construction of antineutrino experiments with angular sensitivity. (Abstract abridged.)

Brian D. Fields; Kathrin A. Hochmuth

2004-05-31T23:59:59.000Z

466

Method and apparatus for determining tensile strength  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A method and apparatus is described for determining the statistical distribution of apparent tensile strength of rock, the size effect with respect to tensile strength, as well as apparent deformation modulus of both intact and fractured or jointed rock. The method is carried out by inserting a plug of deformable material, such as rubber, in an opening of a specimen to be tested. The deformable material is loaded by an upper and lower platen until the specimen ruptures, whereafter the tensile strength is calculated based on the parameters of the test specimen and apparatus.

Ratigan, J.L.

1982-05-28T23:59:59.000Z

467

Modeling the reactive inorganic solute distributions in the groundwater flow systems of the Hanford Site using inverse analytical modeling techniques.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??Inverse analytical techniques were used to model solute distributions and determine transport parameters for two flow systems in the Yakima Basalt subgroup at the Hanford… (more)

Adamski, Mark Robert

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

468

Interdependency of Subsurface Carbon Distribution and Graphene-Catalyst Interaction  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Interdependency of Subsurface Carbon Distribution and Graphene? Catalyst Interaction Robert S. Weatherup,*,† Hakim Amara,‡ Raoul Blume,§ Bruno Dlubak,?,? Bernhard C. Bayer,† Mamadou Diarra,?,# Mounib Bahri,‡ Andrea Cabrero-Vilatela,† Sabina Caneva... , France * S Supporting Information ABSTRACT: The dynamics of the graphene?catalyst interaction during chemical vapor deposition are investigated using in situ, time- and depth- resolved X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy, and complementary grand canonical...

Weatherup, Robert S.; Amara, Hakim; Blume, Raoul; Dlubak, Bruno; Bayer, Bernhard C.; Diarra, Mamadou; Bahri, Mounib; Cabrero-Vilatela, Andrea; Caneva, Sabina; Kidambi, Piran R.; Martin, Marie-Blandine; Deranlot, Cyrile; Seneor, Pierre; Schloegl, Robert; Ducastelle, François; Bichara, Christophe; Hofmann, Stephan

2014-09-04T23:59:59.000Z

469

Distributed Smart Grid Asset Control Strategies for Providing Ancillary Services  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

With large-scale plans to integrate renewable generation driven mainly by state-level renewable portfolio requirements, more resources will be needed to compensate for the uncertainty and variability associated with intermittent generation resources. Distributed assets can be used to mitigate the concerns associated with renewable energy resources and to keep costs down. Under such conditions, performing primary frequency control using only supply-side resources becomes not only prohibitively expensive but also technically difficult. It is therefore important to explore how a sufficient proportion of the loads could assume a routine role in primary frequency control to maintain the stability of the system at an acceptable cost. The main objective of this project is to develop a novel hierarchical distributed framework for frequency based load control. The framework involves two decision layers. The top decision layer determines the optimal gain for aggregated loads for each load bus. The gains are computed using decentralized robust control methods, and will be broadcast to the corresponding participating loads every control period. The second layer consists of a large number of heterogeneous devices, which switch probabilistically during contingencies so that aggregated power change matches the desired amount according to the most recently received gains. The simulation results show great potential to enable systematic design of demand-side primary frequency control with stability guarantees on the overall power system. The proposed design systematically accounts for the interactions between the total load response and bulk power system frequency dynamics. It also guarantees frequency stability under a wide range of time varying operating conditions. The local device-level load response rules fully respect the device constraints (such as temperature setpoint, compressor time delays of HVACs, or arrival and departure of the deferrable loads), which are crucial for implementing real load control programs. The promise of autonomous, Grid Friendly™ response by smart appliances in the form of under-frequency load shedding was demonstrated in the GridWise Olympic Peninsula Demonstration in 2006. Each controller monitored the power grid voltage signal and requested that electrical load be shed by its appliance whenever electric power-grid frequency fell below 59.95 Hz. The controllers and their appliances responded reliably to each shallow under-frequency event, which was an average of one event per day and shed their loads for the durations of these events. Another objective of this project was to perform extensive simulation studies to investigate the impact of a population of Grid Friendly™ Appliances (GFAs) on the bulk power system frequency stability. The GFAs considered in this report are represented as demonstration units with water heaters individually modeled.

Kalsi, Karanjit; Zhang, Wei; Lian, Jianming; Marinovici, Laurentiu D.; Moya, Christian; Dagle, Jeffery E.

2013-10-30T23:59:59.000Z

470

Joint physical and numerical modeling of water distribution networks.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This report summarizes the experimental and modeling effort undertaken to understand solute mixing in a water distribution network conducted during the last year of a 3-year project. The experimental effort involves measurement of extent of mixing within different configurations of pipe networks, measurement of dynamic mixing in a single mixing tank, and measurement of dynamic solute mixing in a combined network-tank configuration. High resolution analysis of turbulence mixing is carried out via high speed photography as well as 3D finite-volume based Large Eddy Simulation turbulence models. Macroscopic mixing rules based on flow momentum balance are also explored, and in some cases, implemented in EPANET. A new version EPANET code was developed to yield better mixing predictions. The impact of a storage tank on pipe mixing in a combined pipe-tank network during diurnal fill-and-drain cycles is assessed. Preliminary comparison between dynamic pilot data and EPANET-BAM is also reported.

Zimmerman, Adam; O'Hern, Timothy John; Orear, Leslie Jr.; Kajder, Karen C.; Webb, Stephen Walter; Cappelle, Malynda A.; Khalsa, Siri Sahib; Wright, Jerome L.; Sun, Amy Cha-Tien; Chwirka, J. Benjamin; Hartenberger, Joel David; McKenna, Sean Andrew; van Bloemen Waanders, Bart Gustaaf; McGrath, Lucas K.; Ho, Clifford Kuofei

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

471

Software-Based Challenges of Developing the Future Distribution Grid  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The software that the utility industry currently uses may be insufficient to analyze the distribution grid as it rapidly modernizes to include active resources such as distributed generation, switch and voltage control, automation, and increasingly complex loads. Although planners and operators have traditionally viewed the distribution grid as a passive load, utilities and consultants increasingly need enhanced analysis that incorporates active distribution grid loads in order to ensure grid reliability. Numerous commercial and open-source tools are available for analyzing distribution grid systems. These tools vary in complexity from providing basic load-flow and capacity analysis under steady-state conditions to time-series analysis and even geographical representations of dynamic and transient events. The need for each type of analysis is not well understood in the industry, nor are the reasons that distribution analysis requires different techniques and tools both from those now available and from those used for transmission analysis. In addition, there is limited understanding of basic capability of the tools and how they should be practically applied to the evolving distribution system. The study reviews the features and state of the art capability of current tools, including usability and visualization, basic analysis functionality, advanced analysis including inverters, and renewable generation and load modeling. We also discuss the need for each type of distribution grid system analysis. In addition to reviewing basic functionality current models, we discuss dynamics and transient simulation in detail and draw conclusions about existing software?s ability to address the needs of the future distribution grid as well as the barriers to modernization of the distribution grid that are posed by the current state of software and model development. Among our conclusions are that accuracy, data transfer, and data processing abilities are key to future distribution grid modeling, and measured data sources are a key missing element . Modeling tools need to be calibrated based on measured grid data to validate their output in varied conditions such as high renewables penetration and rapidly changing topology. In addition, establishing a standardized data modeling format would enable users to transfer data among tools to take advantage of different analysis features. ?

Stewart, Emma; Kiliccote, Sila; McParland, Charles

2014-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

472

Social Dynamics Introduction  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

: University of Utah Press. 47-69. Part II: Importance of Dynamics Introduction to part II 1. Trust, Risk Jason Alexander) (1999) The Journal of Philosophy. 96: 588-598. 3. Stability and Explanatory Significance of Some Simple Evolutionary Models (2000) Philosophy of Science 67: 94-113. 4. Dynamics

Barrett, Jeffrey A.

473

Seminar N 03301, Dynamically  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Seminar Nº 03301, Dynamically Reconfigurable Architectures A Mead-&-Conway-like Break ·Ametek ·Applied Dynamics ·Astronautics ·BBN ·CDC ·Convex ·Cray Computer ·Cray Research ·Culler-Harris

Hartenstein, Reiner

474

Ultratrace determination of curium  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Development of a method for detection of curium at near single atom levels is being undertaken as a part of the Advanced Concepts Project at Argonne National Laboratory with funding from the US Department of Energy, Office of Arms Control and Nonproliferation. Ultratrace determination of curium, with the ability to quantify the fraction that is curium-242, provides a signature method of detecting clandestine reprocessing of recently irradiated uranium targets. Curium initially present in any of a variety of materials such as air filters, solid or liquid process waste, soil, flora, or fauna can be recovered via current chemical separations processing techniques. Using the ultratrace method being developed, such recovered curium will be quantified with thousand-fold higher sensitivity than the best currently available method which is alpha counting. This high sensitivity arises because, on average, a given trivalent curium (Cm{sup 3+}) ion can emit a very large number of fluorescence photons before alpha decay occurs.

Beitz, J.V.

1995-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

475

Significant Radionuclides Determination  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The purpose of this calculation is to identify radionuclides that are significant to offsite doses from potential preclosure events for spent nuclear fuel (SNF) and high-level radioactive waste expected to be received at the potential Monitored Geologic Repository (MGR). In this calculation, high-level radioactive waste is included in references to DOE SNF. A previous document, ''DOE SNF DBE Offsite Dose Calculations'' (CRWMS M&O 1999b), calculated the source terms and offsite doses for Department of Energy (DOE) and Naval SNF for use in design basis event analyses. This calculation reproduces only DOE SNF work (i.e., no naval SNF work is included in this calculation) created in ''DOE SNF DBE Offsite Dose Calculations'' and expands the calculation to include DOE SNF expected to produce a high dose consequence (even though the quantity of the SNF is expected to be small) and SNF owned by commercial nuclear power producers. The calculation does not address any specific off-normal/DBE event scenarios for receiving, handling, or packaging of SNF. The results of this calculation are developed for comparative analysis to establish the important radionuclides and do not represent the final source terms to be used for license application. This calculation will be used as input to preclosure safety analyses and is performed in accordance with procedure AP-3.12Q, ''Calculations'', and is subject to the requirements of DOE/RW-0333P, ''Quality Assurance Requirements and Description'' (DOE 2000) as determined by the activity evaluation contained in ''Technical Work Plan for: Preclosure Safety Analysis, TWP-MGR-SE-000010'' (CRWMS M&O 2000b) in accordance with procedure AP-2.21Q, ''Quality Determinations and Planning for Scientific, Engineering, and Regulatory Compliance Activities''.

Jo A. Ziegler

2001-07-31T23:59:59.000Z

476

Dynamic Effective Connectivity of Inter-Areal Brain Demian Battaglia1,2  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Dynamic Effective Connectivity of Inter-Areal Brain Circuits Demian Battaglia1,2 *, Annette Witt1. Citation: Battaglia D, Witt A, Wolf F, Geisel T (2012) Dynamic Effective Connectivity of Inter-Areal Brain, 2012 Copyright: ß 2012 Battaglia et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms

Battaglia, Demian

477

Measuring Advances in HVAC Distribution System Design  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Advances in HV AC Distribution System Design Ellen FranconiAdvances in HVAC Distribution System Design Ellen Franconisavings result from distribution system design improvements,

Franconi, E.

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

478

Energy performance of underfloor air distribution systems  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Underfloor Air Distribution (UFAD) Design Guide.  Atlanta: distribution, UFAD, EnergyPlus, EnergyPlus/UFAD, energy  modeling, design design calculations must account for the distribution of 

Bauman, Fred; Webster, Tom; Linden, Paul; Buhl, Fred

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

479

The Center for Control, Dynamical Systems, and Computation Spring Seminars  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The Center for Control, Dynamical Systems, and Computation Spring Seminars Presents Plasma Control, is magnetically confined through electromagnetic fields generated by a set of `'poloidal field'' coils distributed around the vacuum vessel. Voltages are applied to these coils which drive coil currents inducing

Akhmedov, Azer

480

Dynamics of Anderson localization in open 3D media  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We develop a self-consistent theoretical approach to the dynamics of Anderson localization in open three-dimensional (3D) disordered media. The approach allows us to study time-dependent transmission and reflection, and the distribution of decay rates of quasi-modes of 3D disordered slabs near the Anderson mobility edge.

S. E. Skipetrov; B. A. van Tiggelen

2005-11-22T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "determination distributed dynamic" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


481

Multiscale modeling of polystyrene dynamics in different environments  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Multiscale modeling of polystyrene dynamics in different environments Qi Sun1 , Florence Pon1 simulations can address not only the average properties of the system but also the distribution over any component in their neighborhood and vice versa. The simulation temperature of 450 K is chosen to be above

Faller, Roland

482

September 23, 1997 Rare Events in Stochastic Dynamical Systems and  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

September 23, 1997 Rare Events in Stochastic Dynamical Systems and Failures in Ultra­Reliable reliable is the system, the sharper is the approximation. In this model, we consider two types of failures that the distribution of a failure time can be approximated by an exponen­ tial law is not new in software reliability

483

RESEARCH ARTICLE Modelling multi-species response to landscape dynamics  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

and to the spatio-temporal configuration of urban brownfield habitats in a multi-species approach (37 plant and 43- sion time of brownfield habitats required to support all and especially regionally rare species Dynamic landscape Á Species distribution model Á Habitat model Á Urban brownfields Á Model averaging Á

Kleyer, Michael

484

Optical method for the determination of grain orientation in films  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A method for the determination of grain orientation in a film sample is provided comprising the steps of measuring a first transient optical response of the film and determining the contribution to the transient optical response arising from a change in the energy distribution of the electrons in the sample, determining the contribution to the transient optical response arising from a propagating strain pulse within the sample, and determining the contribution to the transient optical response arising from a change in sample temperature of the sample. The grain orientation of the sample may be determined using the contributions to the transient optical response arising from the change in the energy distribution of the electrons, the propagating strain pulse, and the change in sample temperature. Additionally, a method for determination of the thickness of a film sample is provided. The grain orientation of the sample is first determined. The grain orientation, together with the velocity of sound and a propagation time of a strain pulse through the sample are then used to determine the thickness of the film sample.

Maris, Humphrey J. (Barrington, RI)

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

485

Structure and dynamics of aqueous solution of uranyl ions  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The present work describes a molecular dynamics simulation study of structure and dynamics of aqueous solution of uranyl ions in water. Structural properties of the system in terms of radial distribution functions and dynamical characteristics as obtained through velocity autocorrelation function and mean square displacements have been analyzed. The results for radial distribution functions show the oxygen of water to form the first solvation shell at 2.4 Å around the uranium atom, whereas the hydrogen atoms of water are distributed around the uranium atom with the major peak at around 3.0 Å. Analyses of transport behaviors of ions and water through MSD indicates that the diffusion of the uranyl ion is much less as compared to that of the water molecules. It is also observed that the dynamical behavior of water molecules gets modified due to the presence of uranyl ion. The effect of increase in concentration of uranyl ions on the structure and dynamics of water molecules is also studied.

Chopra, Manish [Radiation Safety Systems Division, Bhabha Atomic Research Centre, Mumbai-400085 (India); Choudhury, Niharendu, E-mail: nihcho@barc.gov.in [Theoretical Chemistry Section, Bhabha Atomic Research Centre, Mumbai-400085 (India)

2014-04-24T23:59:59.000Z

486

Essays on Price Dynamics.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??Standard macro models typically assume that producers sell goods directly to final consumers, while, in reality, the distribution network or vertical structure from a manufacturer… (more)

Hong, Gee Hee

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

487

AGENDA: PETROLEUM PRODUCT TRANSMISSION & DISTRIBUTION  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

The agenda for the Quadrennial Energy Review (QER) public stakeholder meeting in New Orleans on petroleum product transmission, distribution, and storage.

488

Arnold Schwarzenegger DISTRIBUTED GENERATION DRIVETRAIN  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Arnold Schwarzenegger Governor DISTRIBUTED GENERATION DRIVETRAIN FOR WINDPOWER APPLICATION Prepared GENERATION DRIVETRAIN FOR WINDPOWER APPLICATION EISG AWARDEE Dehlsen Associates, LLC 7985 Armas Canyon Road

489

Lognormal Size Distribution Theory for Deposition of Polydisperse Aerosol Particles  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The moments method of the lognormal size distribution theory was applied to the deposition equation of a radioactive aerosol within a liquid-metal fast breeder reactor for analysis of postulated accidents. The deposition coefficient of Crump and Seinfeld was utilized to represent the Brownian and turbulent diffusions and the gravitational sedimentation. The deposition equation was converted into a set of three ordinary differential equations. This approach takes the view point that the size distribution of an aerosol is represented by a time-dependent lognormal size distribution function during the deposition process. Numerical calculations have been performed, and the results were found to be in good agreement with the exact solution. The derived model for aerosol deposition is convenient to use in a numerical general dynamic equation solution routine based on the moments method, where nucleation, condensation, coagulation, and deposition need to be solved simultaneously.

Park, S.H.; Lee, K.W. [Kwangju Institute of Science and Technology (Korea, Republic of)

2000-07-15T23:59:59.000Z

490

Los Alamos Dynamics Summer School  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

School The Sixteenth Los Alamos Dynamics Summer School EXTENDED DEADLINES Los Alamos Dynamics Summer School Overview Contact Institute Director Charles Farrar (505) 663-5330...

491

Beam Dynamics for Induction Accelerators  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Dynamics for Induction Accelerators Edward P. Lee Lawrencea natural candidate accelerator for a heavy ion fusion (HIF)words: Fusion, Induction, Accelerators, Dynamics This work

Lee, E.P.

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

492

Studies in Nonlinear Dynamics & Econometrics  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Studies in Nonlinear Dynamics & Econometrics Volume 8, Issue 3 2004 Article 1 The Long Memory in Nonlinear Dynamics & Econometrics is produced by The Berkeley Electronic Press (bepress). http

493

Dynamic Prediction of Concurrency Errors  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Relation 15 Must-Before Race Prediction 16 Implementation 17viii Abstract Dynamic Prediction of Concurrency Errors bySANTA CRUZ DYNAMIC PREDICTION OF CONCURRENCY ERRORS A

Sadowski, Caitlin

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

494

A stochastic evolutionary model for capturing human dynamics  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The recent interest in human dynamics has led researchers to investigate the stochastic processes that explain human behaviour in various contexts. Here we propose a generative model to capture the dynamics of survival analysis, traditionally employed in clinical trials and reliability analysis in engineering. We derive a general solution for the model in the form of a product, and then a continuous approximation to the solution via the renewal equation describing age-structured population dynamics. This enables us to model a wide rage of survival distributions, according to the choice of the mortality distribution. We provide empirical evidence for the validity of the model from a longitudinal data set of popular search engine queries over 114 months, showing that the survival function of these queries is closely matched by the solution for our model with power-law mortality.

Fenner, Trevor; Loizou, George

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

495

Determination of Dusty Particle Charge Taking into Account Ion Drag  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This work is devoted to the experimental estimation of charge of dust particle that levitates in the stratum of dc glow discharge. Particle charge is determined on the basis of the balance between ion drag force, gravitational and electric forces. Electric force is obtained from the axial distribution of the light intensity of strata.

Ramazanov, T. S.; Dosbolayev, M. K.; Jumabekov, A. N.; Amangaliyeva, R. Zh.; Orazbayev, S. A. [al-Farabi Kazakh National University, IETP, 96a Tole Bi St., Almaty 050012 (Kazakhstan); Petrov, O. F.; Antipov, S. N. [Joint Institute for High Temperatures of RAS, 13/19 Izhorskaya, Moscow 125412 (Russian Federation)

2008-09-07T23:59:59.000Z

496

Origin of Lead in Eight Central European Peat Bogs Determined  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Research Origin of Lead in Eight Central European Peat Bogs Determined from Isotope Ratios was identified in 210Pb-dated profiles through eight peat bogs distributed over an area of 60 000 km2 with Germany, Austria, and Poland. Basal peat 14C-dated at 11 000 years BP had a relatively high 206Pb/207Pb

Wieder, R. Kelman

497

Benchmarking of Planning Models Using Recorded Dynamics  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Power system planning extensively uses model simulation to understand the dynamic behaviors and determine the operating limits of a power system. Model quality is key to the safety and reliability of electricity delivery. Planning model benchmarking, or model validation, has been one of the central topics in power engineering studies for years. As model validation aims at obtaining reasonable models to represent dynamic behavior of power system components, it has been essential to validate models against actual measurements. The development of phasor technology provides such measurements and represents a new opportunity for model validation as phasor measurements can capture power system dynamics with high-speed, time-synchronized data. Previously, methods for rigorous comparison of model simulation and recorded dynamics have been developed and applied to quantify model quality of power plants in the Western Electricity Coordinating Council (WECC). These methods can locate model components which need improvement. Recent work continues this effort and focuses on how model parameters may be calibrated to match recorded dynamics after the problematic model components are identified. A calibration method using Extended Kalman Filter technique is being developed. This paper provides an overview of prior work on model validation and presents new development on the calibration method and initial results of model parameter calibration.

Huang, Zhenyu; Yang, Bo; Kosterev, Dmitry

2009-03-15T23:59:59.000Z

498

CX-007697: Categorical Exclusion Determination  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Autogrid, Inc. - Highly Dispatchable and Distributed Demand Response for the Integration of Distributed Generation CX(s) Applied: A9, B1.7 Date: 11/21/2011 Location(s): New York, California Offices(s): Advanced Research Projects Agency-Energy

499

CX-007580: Categorical Exclusion Determination  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Bottom Fixed Platform Dynamics Models Assessing Surface Ice Interactions CX(s) Applied: A9 Date: 11/30/2011 Location(s): Washington Offices(s): Golden Field Office

500

CX-007896: Categorical Exclusion Determination  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Bottom Fixed Platform Dynamics Models Assessing Surface Ice Interactions for Transitional Depth Structures in the Great Lakes CX(s) Applied: A9 Date: 02/10/2012 Location(s): Michigan Offices(s): Golden Field Office